While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

1

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

OIL & GAS FIELD OUTLINES FROM BUFFERED WELLS OIL & GAS FIELD OUTLINES FROM BUFFERED WELLS The VBA Code below builds oil & gas field boundary outlines (polygons) from buffered wells (points). Input well points layer must be a feature class (FC) with the following attributes: Field_name Buffer distance (can be unique for each well to represent reservoirs with different drainage radii) ...see figure below. Copy the code into a new module. Inputs: In ArcMap, data frame named "Task 1" Well FC as first layer (layer 0). Output: Polygon feature class in same GDB as the well points FC, with one polygon field record (may be multiple polygon rings) per field_name. Overlapping buffers for the same field name are dissolved and unioned (see figure below). Adds an attribute PCTFEDLAND which can be populated using the VBA

2

Boundaries on Spacetimes: An Outline

The causal boundary construction of Geroch, Kronheimer, and Penrose has some universal properties of importance for general studies of spacetimes, particularly when equipped with a topology derived from the causal structure. Properties of the causal boundary are detailed for spacetimes with spacelike boundaries, for multi-warped spacetimes, for static spacetimes, and for spacetimes with group actions.

Steven G. Harris

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

SMOOTH OIL & GAS FIELD OUTLINES MADE FROM BUFFERED WELLS

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The VBA code provided at the bottom of this document is an updated version The VBA code provided at the bottom of this document is an updated version (from ArcGIS 9.0 to ArcGIS 9.2) of the polygon smoothing algorithm described below. A bug that occurred when multiple wells had the same location was also fixed. SMOOTH OIL & GAS FIELD OUTLINE POLYGONS MADE FROM BUFFERED WELLS Why smooth buffered field outlines? See the issues in the figure below: [pic] The smoothing application provided as VBA code below does the following: Adds area to the concave portions; doesn't add area to convex portions to maintain buffer spacing Fills in non-field "islands" smaller than buffer size Joins separate polygon rings with a "bridge" if sufficiently close Minimizes increase in total field area Methodology: creates trapezoids between neighboring wells within an oil/gas

4

Geometric Boundary Data for the Gravitational Field

An outstanding issue in the treatment of boundaries in general relativity is the lack of a local geometric interpretation of the necessary boundary data. For the Cauchy problem, the initial data is supplied by the 3-metric and extrinsic curvature of the initial Cauchy hypersurface.. This Cauchy data determines a solution to Einstein's equations which is unique up to a diffeomorphism. Here, we show how three pieces of boundary data, which are associated locally with the geometry of the boundary, likewise determine a solution of the initial-boundary value problem which is unique up to a diffeomorphism. One piece of this data, constructed from the extrinsic curvature of the boundary, determines the dynamical evolution of the boundary. The other two pieces constitute a conformal class of rank-2, positive definite metrics, which represent the two gravitational degrees of freedom.

H-O. Kreiss; J. Winicour

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

5

Ising model conformal boundary conditions from open string field theory

Given a consistent choice of conformally invariant boundary conditions in a two dimensional conformal field theory, one can construct new consistent boundary conditions by deforming with a relevant boundary operator and flowing to the infrared, or by a marginal deformation. Open string field theory provides a very universal tool to discover and study such new boundary theories. Surprisingly, it also allows one to go in the reverse direction and to uncover solutions with higher boundary entropy. We will illustrate our results on the well studied example of Ising model.

Kudrna, Matej; Schnabl, Martin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

ARM - Field Campaign - Boundary Layer Cloud IOP

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsBoundary Layer Cloud IOP govCampaignsBoundary Layer Cloud IOP Campaign Links Campaign Images Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Boundary Layer Cloud IOP 2005.07.11 - 2005.08.07 Lead Scientist : William Shaw For data sets, see below. Description Investigators from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists from a number of other institutions, carried out a month of intensive measurements at the ARM Climate Research Facility on the North Slope of Alaska in the summer of 2005. The purpose of these measurements was to determine how much the arctic land surface modifies the way low clouds reflect, absorb, and transmit solar and infrared radiation. This is an important problem because arctic clouds play a prominent role in

7

The boundary F-theorem for free fields

The boundary free energy, as defined by Gaiotto, is further analysed for free scalars on a hemisphere and shown to be the same as the N-D determinant that earlier occurred in a treatment of GJMS operators. It is also shown to be identical, up to spin degeneracy, to the free energy for a spin-half field on the hemisphere boundary. This is also true if the hemisphere is replaced by a lune. The calculations are carried out in arbitrary dimensions.

J. S. Dowker

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

8

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

drainage radii) ...see figure below. Copy the code into a new module. Inputs: In ArcMap, data frame named "Task 1" Well FC as first layer (layer 0). Output: Polygon feature class...

9

Tachyon solutions in boundary and open string field theory

We construct rolling tachyon solutions of open and boundary string field theory (OSFT and BSFT, respectively), in the bosonic and supersymmetric (susy) case. The wildly oscillating solution of susy OSFT is recovered, together with a family of time-dependent BSFT solutions, for the bosonic and susy string. These are parametrized by an arbitrary constant r involved in solving the Green equation of the target fields. When r=0 we recover previous results in BSFT, whereas for r attaining the value predicted by OSFT it is shown that the bosonic OSFT solution is the derivative of the boundary one; in the supersymmetric case the relation between the two solutions is more complicated. This technical correspondence sheds some light on the nature of wild oscillations, which appear in both theories whenever r>0.

Calcagni, Gianluca; Nardelli, Giuseppe [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH (United Kingdom) and Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, 104 Davey Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Universita Cattolica, via Musei 41, 25121 Brescia (Italy) and INFN Gruppo Collegato di Trento, Universita di Trento, 38050 Povo, Trento (Italy)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Tachyon solutions in boundary and cubic string field theory

We construct rolling tachyon solutions of open and boundary string field theory (OSFT and BSFT, respectively), in the bosonic and supersymmetric (susy) case. The wildly oscillating solution of susy OSFT is recovered, together with a family of time-dependent BSFT solutions for the bosonic and susy string. These are parametrized by an arbitrary constant r involved in solving the Green equation of the target fields. When r=0 we recover previous results in BSFT, whereas for r attaining the value predicted by OSFT it is shown that the bosonic OSFT solution is the derivative of the boundary one; in the supersymmetric case the relation between the two solutions is more complicated. This technical correspondence sheds some light on the nature of wild oscillations, which appear in both theories whenever r>0.

Gianluca Calcagni; Giuseppe Nardelli

2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

11

Vacuum Casimir energy densities and field divergences at boundaries

We consider and review the emergence of singular energy densities and field fluctuations at sharp boundaries or point-like field sources in the vacuum. The presence of singular energy densities of a field may be relevant from a conceptual point of view, because they contribute to the self-energy of the system. They should also generate significant gravitational effects. We first consider the case of the interface between a metallic boundary and the vacuum, and obtain the structure of the singular electric and magnetic energy densities at the interface through an appropriate limit from a dielectric to an ideal conductor. Then, we consider the case of a point-like source of the electromagnetic field, and show that also in this case the electric and magnetic energy densities show a singular structure at the source position. We discuss how, in both cases, these singularities give an essential contribution to the electromagnetic self-energy of the system; moreover, they solve an apparent inconsistency between the ...

Bartolo, Nicola; Lattuca, Margherita; Passante, Roberto; Rizzuto, Lucia; Spagnolo, Salvatore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Lecture outline Support vector machines

Lecture outline · Support vector machines #12;Support Vector Machines · Find a linear hyperplane (decision boundary) that will separate the data #12;Support Vector Machines · One Possible Solution #12;Support Vector Machines · Another possible solution #12;Support Vector Machines · Other possible solutions

Terzi, Evimaria

13

Lecture outline Support vector machines

Lecture outline · Support vector machines #12;Support Vector Machines · Find a linear hyperplane (decision boundary) that will separate the data #12;Support Vector Machines · One Possible Solution B1 #12;Support Vector Machines · Another possible solution B2 #12;Support Vector Machines · Other possible

Terzi, Evimaria

14

The Ising Model on a Dynamically Triangulated Disk with a Boundary Magnetic Field

We use Monte Carlo simulations to study a dynamically triangulated disk with Ising spins on the vertices and a boundary magnetic field. For the case of zero magnetic field we show that the model possesses three phases. For one of these the boundary length grows linearly with disk area, while the other two phases are characterized by a boundary whose size is on the order of the cut-off. A line of continuous magnetic transitions separates the two small boundary phases. We determine the critical exponents of the continuous magnetic phase transition and relate them to predictions from continuum 2-d quantum gravity. This line of continuous transitions appears to terminate on a line of discontinuous phase transitions dividing the small boundary phases from the large boundary phase. We examine the scaling of bulk magnetization and boundary magnetization as a function of boundary magnetic field in the vicinity of this tricritical point.

Scott McGuire; Simon Catterall; Mark Bowick; Simeon Warner

2001-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

15

ARM - Field Campaign - Lower Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsLower Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment govCampaignsLower Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment Campaign Links LABLE Website Related Campaigns 2013 Lower Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment 2013.05.28, Turner, SGP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Lower Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment 2012.09.17 - 2012.11.13 Lead Scientist : David Turner Description Boundary layer turbulence is an important process that is parameterized in most atmospheric numerical models. Turbulence redistributes energy and mass within the boundary layer. Many different characteristics can impact the character of turbulence in the boundary layer, including different surface types, horizontal wind speed and direction, and the vertical temperature structure of the atmosphere. However, there have been few studies that have

16

A unified physical boundary condition for massless fields of arbitrary spin

Boundary conditions for the Maxwell and Dirac fields at material surfaces are widely-used and physically well-motivated, but do not appear to have been generalised to deal with higher spin fields. A consequence of this is that calculations of, for example, Casimir forces associated with higher spin fields always select some arbitrary mathematical boundary conditions, rather than those which are physically motivated. Here, we use the two-spinor calculus formalism to present a unified treatment of the boundary conditions routinely employed in the treatment of spin-1/2 and spin-1 fields. We then use this unification to obtain a completely new boundary condition that can be applied to massless fields of any spin, including the spin-2 graviton, and its supersymmetric partner the spin-3/2 gravitino. We demonstrate one important consequence of our generalisation, which is that periodic boundary conditions cannot be applied to any physically-confined fermionic field.

Adam Stokes; Robert Bennett

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

17

A unified physical boundary condition for massless fields of arbitrary spin

Boundary conditions for the Maxwell and Dirac fields at material surfaces are widely-used and physically well-motivated, but do not appear to have been generalised to deal with higher spin fields. A consequence of this is that calculations of, for example, Casimir forces associated with higher spin fields always select some arbitrary mathematical boundary conditions, rather than those which are physically motivated. Here, we use the two-spinor calculus formalism to present a unified treatment of the boundary conditions routinely employed in the treatment of spin-1/2 and spin-1 fields. We then use this unification to obtain a completely new boundary condition that can be applied to massless fields of any spin, including the spin-2 graviton, and its supersymmetric partner the spin-3/2 gravitino. We demonstrate one important consequence of our generalisation, which is that periodic boundary conditions cannot be applied to any physically-confined fermionic field.

Stokes, Adam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

The Ising lattice with Brascamp-Kunz boundary conditions and an external magnetic field

The partition function of the finite Ising lattice with Brascamp-Kunz boundary conditions is calculated exactly in the absence of an external magnetic field and for an external field i\\pi/2.

I. Lyberg

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

19

ARM - Field Campaign - Boundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsBoundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar govCampaignsBoundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Boundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar 2005.05.21 - 2005.05.24 Lead Scientist : Michael Dobbs Description Overflights Underway at ACRF Southern Great Plains Site (M.Dobbs/J.Liljegren) Science collaborators at ITT Industries and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Langley Research Center (LaRC) conducted flights over the Central Facility at ACRF's Southern Great Plains (SGP) site as part of the Climate Sources and Sink (CO2) Intensive Operational Period (IOP), using a CW lidar. The objective of the flights was to validate, by demonstration and comparison with SGP ground observations, the performance of the ITT system when used in conjunction with retrieval

20

Boundary integral method for quantum billiards in a constant magnetic field

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We derive a boundary integral equation to compute the eigenvalues of two-dimensional billiards subjected to a magnetic field. The integral requires the Green's function of the boundary-free problem with the magnetic field pointing in the opposite direction. This Green's function is computed for the case of a constant magnetic field perpendicular to the billiard and some applications are discussed. The elliptical billiard is then studied numerically as an example of a nontrivial application.

M. L. Tiago; T. O. de Carvalho; M. A. M. de Aguiar

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

21

Boundary Conformal Field Theory and Ribbon Graphs: a tool for open/closed string dualities

We construct and fully characterize a scalar boundary conformal field theory on a triangulated Riemann surface. The results are analyzed from a string theory perspective as tools to deal with open/closed string dualities.

Mauro Carfora; Claudio Dappiaggi; Valeria L. Gili

2007-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

22

We discuss the initial-boundary value problem for the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura evolution system of Einstein's field equations which has been used extensively in numerical simulations of binary black holes and neutron stars. We specify nine boundary conditions for this system with the following properties: (i) they impose the momentum constraint at the boundary, which is shown to preserve all the constraints throughout evolution; (ii) they approximately control the incoming gravitational degrees of freedom by specifying the Weyl scalar {Psi}{sub 0} at the boundary; (iii) they control the gauge freedom by requiring a Neumann boundary condition for the lapse, by setting the normal component of the shift to zero, and by imposing a Sommerfeld-like condition on the tangential components of the shift; and (iv) they are shown to yield a well-posed problem in the limit of weak gravity. Possible numerical applications of our results are also discussed briefly.

Nunez, Dario [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico, Distrito Federal (Mexico); Sarbach, Olivier [Instituto de Fisica y Matematicas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Edificio C-3, Ciudad Universitaria, 58040 Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Scientist Equipment and Outline

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Outline and Equipment Outline and Equipment LIGHT AND COLOR Grade levels: can be adapted for grades 2-8. Length of time: 30-45 minues. Room preference: Double classroom or all-purpose room. Equipment is located in the Lederman Science Center. Talk to Susan Dahl to borrow this set. Spectrum tube power supply, gas tubes and diffraction grating glasses Light box with red, green, and blue translucent film Power chord, extension chord Large set of lenses Small concave and convex lenses Magnetic optics kit, includes a small laser Slinky Flashlight Clear plastic tub, powdered milk Water Radiometer Electromagnetic energy spectrum poster Set of red, green and blue flood lights Where does light come from? Use a boy and a girl to make a human demonstration of molecules and atoms. Have students rub their hands together and notice friction equals heat.

24

Effects of open boundary location on the far-field hydrodynamics of a Severn Barrage

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Severn Estuary has the second largest tide range in the world and a barrage across the estuary from Cardiff in South Wales to Weston in South West England has been proposed for over half a century, to extract large amounts of tidal energy from the estuary. To assess the environmental impacts of the proposed tidal barrage requires accurate model predictions of both the near-field and far-field hydrodynamics, which can strongly depend on the model area and the appropriate boundary forcing. In this paper two models, based on the Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC) numerical model with a recently-developed Barrage module (EFDC_B), were set up with different computational domains. The Continental Shelf model, which was centred on the Bristol Channel, has its open boundary extended to beyond the Continental Shelf. The Irish Sea model, which was also centred around the Bristol Channel, only has its open boundary extended to the Celtic Sea in the south and the Irish Sea in the north. In order to investigate the effects of the open boundary conditions imposed in the models on the near and far-field hydrodynamics for the case of the Severn Barrage, the Continental Shelf model was first run with and without the operation of the Severn Barrage. The Irish Sea model was then run, also with and without the operation of the Severn Barrage, and with the open boundary conditions provided by the Continental Shelf model. The results from both models were then analysed to study the impact of the tidal barrage on the near-field and far-field hydrodynamics in the Bristol Channel and Irish Sea. Detailed comparisons of the model results indicate that the hydrodynamic conditions along the open boundaries of the Irish Sea model are affected by the tidal barrage and that the open boundary conditions also have noticeable impacts on the far-field hydrodynamics, especially in the Irish Sea, with approximately an average 47cm difference in the maximum water levels predicted in Cardigan Bay and with a maximum difference of 9cm in the northern part of Cardigan Bay.

Juntao Zhou; Shunqi Pan; Roger A. Falconer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Electromagnetic field of a charge intersecting a cold plasma boundary in a waveguide

We analyze the electromagnetic field of a charge crossing a boundary between a vacuum and cold plasma in a waveguide. We obtain exact expressions for the field components and the spectral density of the transition radiation. With the steepest descent technique, we investigate the field components. We show that the electromagnetic field has a different structure in a vacuum than in cold plasma. We also develop an algorithm for the computation of the field based on a certain transformation of the integration path. The behavior of the field depending on distance and time and the spectral density depending on frequency are explored for different charge velocities. Some important physical effects are noted. A considerable increase and concentration of the field near the wave front in the plasma is observed for the case of ultrarelativistic particles. In the plasma, the mode envelopes and spectral density show zero points when the charge velocity is within certain limits.

Alekhina, Tatiana Yu.; Tyukhtin, Andrey V. [Radiophysics Department of St. Petersburg University, 1 Ulyanovskaya, St. Petersburg 198504 (Russian Federation)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An adaptive fast multipole higher order boundary element method combining fast multipole (FM) with a higher order boundary element method is studied to solve the power frequency electric field (PFEF) of substations. In this new technique, the iterative equation solver GMRES is used in the FM, where matrix-vector multiplications are calculated using fast multipole expansions. The coefficients in the preconditioner for GMRES are stored and are used repeatedly in the direct evaluations of the near-field contributions. Then a 500kV outdoor substation is modeled and the PFEF of the substation is analyzed by the novel algorithm and other conventional methods. The results show that, in computational cost and the storages capability aspects, the algorithm proposed in this study has obvious advantages. It is suitable for the calculation of the large-scale PFEF in complex substations and the design of electromagnetic compatibility.

Zhang Zhan-Long; Deng Jun; Xiao Dong-Ping; He Wei; Tang Ju

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Using particle-in-cell simulations, we study the kinetic physics of relativistic shear flow in collisionless electron-positron (e+e-) plasmas. We find efficient magnetic field generation and particle energization at the shear boundary, driven by streaming instabilities across the shear interface and sustained by the shear flow. Nonthermal, anisotropic high-energy particles are accelerated across field lines to produce a power-law tail turning over just below the shear Lorentz factor. These results have important implications for the dissipation and radiation of jets in blazars and gamma-ray bursts.

Liang, Edison; Smith, Ian [Rice University, MS 108, 6100 Main Street, Houston, TX 77005 (United States); Boettcher, Markus, E-mail: liang@rice.edu, E-mail: iansmith@rice.edu, E-mail: boettchm@ohio.edu [Physics and Astronomy Department, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

We consider a model of quantum-wire junctions where the latter are described by conformal-invariant boundary conditions of the simplest type in the multicomponent compactified massless scalar free field theory representing the bosonized Luttinger liquids in the bulk of wires. The boundary conditions result in the scattering of charges across the junction with nontrivial reflection and transmission amplitudes. The equilibrium state of such a system, corresponding to inverse temperature $\\beta$ and electric potential $V$, is explicitly constructed both for finite and for semi-infinite wires. In the latter case, a stationary nonequilibrium state describing the wires kept at different temperatures and potentials may be also constructed. The main result of the present paper is the calculation of the full counting statistics (FCS) of the charge and energy transfers through the junction in a nonequilibrium situation. Explicit expressions are worked out for the generating function of FCS and its large-deviations asym...

Gaw?dzki, Krzysztof

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

MERIT Pump/Probe Data OutlineOutline

MERIT Pump/Probe Data Analysis OutlineOutline The pump/probe program Particle detector response correction Pump/probe analysis results NFMCC Collaboration Meeting , LBNL, January 26, 2009 Ilias Efthymiopoulos - CERN #12;The pump/probe program #12;The pump/probe program Use of the CERN PS flexibility

McDonald, Kirk

30

Course Outline Physics 433: Electromagnetism II

Course Outline Physics 433: Electromagnetism II Spring 2014 Prof. Keun Hyuk "Ken" Ahn 483 Tiernan of this course is on the elementary concepts of electromagnetic fields. Upon completion of the course, students are expected to be capable of using the Maxwell equations to calculate simple electromagnetic problems, ranging

31

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamics of ionization fronts that generate a conducting body are in the simplest approximation equivalent to viscous fingering without regularization. Going beyond this approximation, we suggest that ionization fronts can be modeled by a mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary condition. We derive exact uniformly propagating solutions of this problem in 2D and construct a single partial differential equation governing small perturbations of these solutions. For some parameter value, this equation can be solved analytically, which shows rigorously that the uniformly propagating solution is linearly convectively stable and that the asymptotic relaxation is universal and exponential in time.

Bernard Meulenbroek, Ute Ebert, and Lothar Schfer

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

32

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research Project Research Project Summer Student Research for the Next Linear Collider (NLC) Student Researchers: Rachel Lansom Sara Waugh Advisor: Josef Frisch I.Introduction A. Schematic Diagram II. Electronics: Basic Terms A. Mixing 2 frequencies 1. Calculation III. Noise Tests A. What is Noise? B. Synthesizer Test 1. Goal of Experiment and Diagram of Test Circuit 2. Comparing dBm to mW and Power variation calculation 3. Capacitor plate calculation: acceptable offset distance C. Amplifier Test 1. Graph of rms/gain vs. gain 2. Attenuator Test D. Noise Equation 1. Diagram 2. General equation for determining noise/motion relationship IV. Capacitor A. Sample Calculations 1. Capacitance 2. Frequency B. Diagram C. Photographs D. Measurements 1. Graph: DC Volts per Micron 2. Final Noise Calculations

33

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BLM RD&D Lease Paper 1 Final 04/29/12 BLM RD&D Lease Paper 1 Final 04/29/12 Assessment of Plans and Progress on US Bureau of Land Management Oil Shale RD&D Leases in the United States Peter M. Crawford, Christopher Dean, and Jeffrey Stone, INTEK, Inc. James C. Killen, US Department of Energy Purpose This paper describes the original plans, progress and accomplishments, and future plans for nine oil shale research, development and demonstration (RD&D) projects on six existing RD&D leases awarded in 2006 and 2007 by the United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to Shell, Chevron, EGL (now AMSO), and OSEC (now Enefit American, respectively); as well as three pending leases to Exxon, Natural Soda, and AuraSource, that were offered in 2010. The outcomes

34

Outline of a Course in Plasma Physics

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This outline is part of an educational experiment initiated by the Commission on College Physics. The Commission has undertaken to highlight the need of college curriculum development in various areas of modern physics. One of these areas is the field of plasma physics. Difficulties in preparing a course in this particular field result from the fact that it has grown from fairly disparate areas of physics including gas discharges magnetohydrodynamics and fusion physics. Synthesis of these various fields into a single course in plasma physics has not taken place spontaneously throughout the country and to look into this problem the Commission set up a Plasma Physics Study Group to advise it as to what should be done. After considerable discussion the Study Group decided to run a small working conference to prepare a course outline. This Working Group convened at MIT for a week during the summer of 1962 at which time the members of the group lectured to each other on those areas of their particular competence and at a level commensurate with the training of senior undergraduates in physics and electrical engineering. The notes prepared at that time and subsequently edited in great detail have been brought together in the form of the present outline.

Plasma Physics Study Group

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

A previous study [C.-R. Hu and C.-H. Huang, Phys. Rev. B 43, 7718 (1991)] of the phase boundary T(c)(H) of a single-cube superconducting circuit in an external magnetic field H of arbitrary magnitude and direction is extended here to superconducting...

YI, YM; Hu, Chia-Ren.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Lecture outline Basic inventory problems

Lecture outline Basic inventory problems The economic order quantity An inventory game.B. Powell 1 #12;© 2013 W.B. Powell 2 Basic inventory problems Examples: » Products: · Customers consume). · Rainfall randomly replenishes reservoirs. · Release water from dam to maintain level. » Oil being stored

Powell, Warren B.

37

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relationship between atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) depth uncertainty and uncertainty in atmospheric transport and dispersion (ATD) simulations is investigated by examining profiles of predicted concentrations of a contaminant. Because ...

Brian P. Reen; Kerrie J. Schmehl; George S. Young; Jared A. Lee; Sue Ellen Haupt; David R. Stauffer

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Vacuum energy densities of a field in a cavity with a mobile boundary

We consider the zero-point field fluctuations, and the related field energy densities, inside a one-dimensional and a three-dimensional cavity with a mobile wall. The mechanical degrees of freedom of the mobile wall are described quantum mechanically and they are fully included in the overall system dynamics. In this optomechanical system, the field and the wall can interact with each other through the radiation pressure on the wall, given by the photons inside the cavity or even by vacuum fluctuations. We consider two cases: the one-dimensional electromagnetic field and the three-dimensional scalar field, and use the Green's functions formalism, which allows extension of the results obtained for the scalar field to the electromagnetic field. We show that the quantum fluctuations of the position of the cavity's mobile wall significantly affect the field energy density inside the cavity, in particular at the very proximity of the mobile wall. The dependence of this effect from the ultraviolet cutoff frequency, related to the plasma frequency of the cavity walls, is discussed. We also compare our new results for the one-dimensional electromagnetic field and the three-dimensional massless scalar field to results recently obtained for the one-dimensional massless scalar field. We show that the presence of a mobile wall also changes the Casimir-Polder force on a polarizable body placed inside the cavity, giving the possibility to detect experimentally the new effects we have considered.

Federico Armata; Roberto Passante

2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Vacuum Energy Densities of a Field in a Cavity with a Mobile Boundary

We consider the zero-point field fluctuations, and the related field energy densities, inside a one-dimensional and a three-dimensional cavity with a mobile wall. The mechanical degrees of freedom of the mobile wall are described quantum-mechanically and they are fully included in the overall system dynamics. In this optomechanical system, the field and the wall can interact with each other through the radiation pressure on the wall, given by the photons inside the cavity or even by vacuum fluctuations. We consider two cases: the 1D electromagnetic field and the 3D scalar field, and use the Green's functions formalism, that allows extension of the results obtained for the scalar field to the electromagnetic field. We show that the quantum fluctuations of the position of the cavity's mobile wall significantly affect the field energy density inside the cavity, in particular at the very proximity of the mobile wall. The dependence of this effect from the ultraviolet cut-off frequency, related to the plasma frequency of the cavity walls, is discussed. We also compare our new results for the 1D electromagnetic field and the 3D massless scalar field to results recently obtained for the 1D massless scalar field. We show that the presence of a mobile wall also changes the Casimir-Polder force on a polarizable body placed inside the cavity, giving possibility to detect experimentally the new effects we have considered.

Federico Armata; Roberto Passante

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

40

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS FOR THE SCALAR FIELD IN THE PRESENCE OF SIGNATURE CHANGE

We show that, contrary to recent criticism, our previous work yields a reasonable class of solutions for the massless scalar field in the presence of signature change.

Tevian Dray; Corinne A. Manogue; Robin W. Tucker

1995-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

41

. � 2002 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Magnetic magnetic field A.D. Sheikh-Ali a,*,1 , D.A. Molodov b , H. Garmestani a a Laboratory for Micromechanics of Materials, FSU-National High Magnetic Field Laboratory and FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, 1800 East Paul

Garmestani, Hamid

42

Vacuum Energy Densities of a Field in a Cavity with a Mobile Boundary

We consider the zero-point field fluctuations, and the related field energy densities, inside a one-dimensional and a three-dimensional cavity with a mobile wall. The mechanical degrees of freedom of the mobile wall are described quantum-mechanically and they are fully included in the overall system dynamics. In this optomechanical system, the field and the wall can interact with each other through the radiation pressure on the wall, given by the photons inside the cavity or even by vacuum fluctuations. We consider two cases: the 1D electromagnetic field and the 3D scalar field, and use the Green's functions formalism, that allows extension of the results obtained for the scalar field to the electromagnetic field. We show that the quantum fluctuations of the position of the cavity's mobile wall significantly affect the field energy density inside the cavity, in particular at the very proximity of the mobile wall. The dependence of this effect from the ultraviolet cut-off frequency, related to the plasma frequ...

Armata, Federico

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1

Rates A fundamental activity of engineering economics is the analysis of the value of a series of cash economic equivalence. Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 7 / 53 #12;ConstantEngineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman

Vardeman, Stephen B.

44

Effects of segregation of solute atoms and vacancies on migration of antiphase boundaries (APBs) in stoichiometric (Fe-25 at%Al) and Al-rich (Fe-28 at%Al) Fe?Al at 673 K have been studied using a phase-field method in which ...

Koizumi, Yuichiro

45

A rigorous computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach to calculating temperature distributions, radiative and convective losses, and flow fields in a cavity receiver irradiated by a heliostat field is typically limited to the receiver domain alone for computational reasons. A CFD simulation cannot realistically yield a precise solution that includes the details within the vast domain of an entire heliostat field in addition to the detailed processes and features within a cavity receiver. Instead, the incoming field irradiance can be represented as a boundary condition on the receiver domain. This paper describes a program, the Solar Patch Calculator, written in Microsoft Excel VBA to characterize multiple beams emanating from a 'solar patch' located at the aperture of a cavity receiver, in order to represent the incoming irradiance from any field of heliostats as a boundary condition on the receiver domain. This program accounts for cosine losses; receiver location; heliostat reflectivity, areas and locations; field location; time of day and day of year. This paper also describes the implementation of the boundary conditions calculated by this program into a Discrete Ordinates radiation model using Ansys{reg_sign} FLUENT (www.fluent.com), and compares the results to experimental data and to results generated by the code DELSOL.

Khalsa, Siri Sahib S. (Sandia Staffing Alliance); Ho, Clifford Kuofei

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

A rigorous computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach to calculating temperature distributions, radiative and convective losses, and flow fields in a cavity receiver irradiated by a heliostat field is typically limited to the receiver domain alone for computational reasons. A CFD simulation cannot realistically yield a precise solution that includes the details within the vast domain of an entire heliostat field in addition to the detailed processes and features within a cavity receiver. Instead, the incoming field irradiance can be represented as a boundary condition on the receiver domain. This paper describes a program, the Solar Patch Calculator, written in Microsoft Excel VBA to characterize multiple beams emanating from a 'solar patch' located at the aperture of a cavity receiver, in order to represent the incoming irradiance from any field of heliostats as a boundary condition on the receiver domain. This program accounts for cosine losses; receiver location; heliostat reflectivity, areas and locations; field location; time of day and day of year. This paper also describes the implementation of the boundary conditions calculated by this program into a Discrete Ordinates radiation model using Ansys{reg_sign} FLUENT (www.fluent.com), and compares the results to experimental data and to results generated by the code DELSOL.

Khalsa, Siri Sahib; Ho, Clifford Kuofei

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} thin films have been prepared by a new approach of in-situ electric field assisted sputtering. Raman shift, {rho}(T), and M(T) measurements reveal a reduction in anti-phase boundaries (APBs), which is explained by the electric field induced surface diffusion favouring [111] oriented growth with lesser defects. Early magnetization saturation (4 kOe) and its higher value (441 emu/cm{sup 3}), low electron phonon coupling constant (0.48), sharp Verwey transition {Delta}T{sub V} = 12 K, Arrhenius law of conduction via delocalized states above T{sub V} and lower value of localization radius (1.5 nm) below T{sub V} compared to that observed in un-assisted films confirmed that the electric field assisted grown films are nearly free from anti-phase boundaries.

Kumar, Ankit; Pandya, Dinesh K.; Chaudhary, Sujeet [Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Master's programme in Sustainable Technology Programme outline

process is to work with projects, best practice and case studies, consequently consider- able effort and ecological systems and processes. The Master´s programme Sustainable Technology is based on the conceptMaster's programme in Sustainable Technology Programme outline The Master's programme

Lagergren, Jens

49

Outline Introduction Types Examples Conclusion Intrusion Detection Systems

Engineering - 2008 2 / 15 #12;Outline Introduction Types Examples Conclusion Overview History Need Computer Engineering Department, KFUPM Spring 2008 Ahmad Almulhem - Network Security Engineering - 2008 1 / 15 #12;Outline Introduction Types Examples Conclusion Outline 1 Introduction Overview History 2 Types

Almulhem, Ahmad

50

PERCENT FEDERAL LAND FOR OIL/GAS FIELD OUTLINES

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Federalland as your second layer. Copy the code into a VBA module in ArcMap. Inputs: Data frame in ArcMap named "Task 2" Layer (0) is a reference layer of your choice Layer...

51

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytical solution is presented for linear force fields within a spherical shell, representing the solar corona. Allowing for a global magnetic helicity, we find magnetic fields over the entire corona with...

J. R. Clegg; B. J. I. Bromage; P. K. Browning

52

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sea Spray on the Thermodynamics of the Hurricane Boundary Layer For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.govsciencehighlights Research...

53

An Outline of a Theory of Three-way Decisions Department of Computer Science, University of Regina,

An Outline of a Theory of Three-way Decisions Yiyu Yao Department of Computer Science, University in everyday decision-making and have been widely used in many fields and disciplines. An outline of a theory to other theories. 1 Introduction The concept of three-way decisions was recently proposed and used

Yao, Yiyu

54

[a /g( T) ] is the eigenvalue; n?:sinu cosp, n~ =sina sinp, and n, ?:cosa are the directional cosines describing the direction of the applied magnetic field H relative to the axes of the cube, with a and p the polar angles of H, so that H=H(n e +n e... for P is 360', but the curves have 90 periodicity, and within each period, they have mirror symmetry about the midpoint, so only the range f3=0 ?45' needs to be presented. These symmetries are, of course, those of a cube. (The same cubic symmetry...

Hu, Chia-Ren; HUANG, CH.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems

A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.

Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

56

President Obama to Outline Plan for America's Energy Security | Department

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Outline Plan for America's Energy Security to Outline Plan for America's Energy Security President Obama to Outline Plan for America's Energy Security March 30, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Today at 11:20 AM ET, President Obama will deliver a speech at Georgetown University where he will outline his plan for America's energy security. The speech will be streamed live online at www.whitehouse.gov/live. The White House Fact Sheet on America's Energy Security is below. Also, on Friday, April 1, the President will visit a UPS shipping facility in Landover, MD where he will view vehicles from AT&T, FedEx, PepsiCo, UPS and Verizon's clean fleets and deliver remarks to the companies' employees. THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE March 30, 2011 FACT SHEET: America's Energy Security

57

President Obama to Outline Plan for America's Energy Security | Department

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

President Obama to Outline Plan for America's Energy Security President Obama to Outline Plan for America's Energy Security President Obama to Outline Plan for America's Energy Security March 30, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Today at 11:20 AM ET, President Obama will deliver a speech at Georgetown University where he will outline his plan for America's energy security. The speech will be streamed live online at www.whitehouse.gov/live. The White House Fact Sheet on America's Energy Security is below. Also, on Friday, April 1, the President will visit a UPS shipping facility in Landover, MD where he will view vehicles from AT&T, FedEx, PepsiCo, UPS and Verizon's clean fleets and deliver remarks to the companies' employees. THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE March 30, 2011 FACT SHEET: America's Energy Security

58

Vice President Biden Outlines Funding for Smart Grid Initiatives |

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Outlines Funding for Smart Grid Initiatives Outlines Funding for Smart Grid Initiatives Vice President Biden Outlines Funding for Smart Grid Initiatives April 16, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - Vice President Joe Biden, on a visit to Jefferson City, Missouri, today with Commerce Secretary Gary Locke, detailed plans by the Department of Energy to develop a smart, strong and secure electrical grid, which will create new jobs and help deliver reliable power more effectively with less impact on the environment to customers across the nation. As part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the Vice President outlined plans to distribute more than $3.3 billion in smart grid technology development grants and an additional $615 million for smart grid storage, monitoring and technology viability.

59

Solar Energy Plan of Development Outline | Open Energy Information

to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Solar Energy Plan of Development OutlineLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect...

60

Physics 112 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Winter 2000 COURSE OUTLINE

Physics 112 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Winter 2000 COURSE OUTLINE TOPIC READINGS 1 and probability theory can be found in Chapter 16 of Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences, by Mary L

California at Santa Cruz, University of

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

61

Power Line Plan of Development Outline | Open Energy Information

navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Power Line Plan of Development OutlineLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2005...

62

Plasma boundary experiments on DIII-D tokamak

A survey of the boundary physics research on the DIII-D tokamak and an outline of the DIII-D Advanced Divertor Program (ADP) is presented. We will present results of experiments on impurity control, impurity transport, neutral particle transport, and particle effects on core confinement over a wide range of plasma parameters, I{sub p}{approx lt} 3 MA, {beta}{sub T} {approx lt} 10.7%, P(auxiliary) {approx lt} 20 MW. Based on the understanding gained in these studies, we in collaboration with a number of other laboratories have devised a series of experiments (ADP) to modify the core plasma conditions through changes in the edge electric field, neutral recycling, and plasma surface interactions. 41 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Mahdavi, M.A.; Brooks, N.; Jackson, G.L.; Langhorn, A.; Leikind, B.; Lippmann, S.; Luxon, J.; Petersen, P.; Petrie, T.; Stambaugh, R.D.; Simonen, T.C.; Staebler, G. (General Atomics, San Diego, CA (USA)); Buchenauer, D. (Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (USA)); Futch, A.; Hill, D.N.; Rensink, M. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Hogan, J.; Menon, M.; Mioduszewski, P.; Owen, L. (Oak Ridge National

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

DOE Outlines Research Needed to Improve Solar Energy Technologies |

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Outlines Research Needed to Improve Solar Energy Technologies Outlines Research Needed to Improve Solar Energy Technologies DOE Outlines Research Needed to Improve Solar Energy Technologies August 12, 2005 - 2:39pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - To help achieve the Bush Administration's goal of increased use of solar and other renewable forms of energy, the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science has released a report describing the basic research needed to produce "revolutionary progress in bringing solar energy to its full potential in the energy marketplace." The report resulted from a workshop of 200 scientists held earlier this year. "The tax credits contained in the historic energy bill signed by President Bush will greatly help expand the use of renewable energy," said Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, Director of DOE's Office of Science. "This research

64

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

9%2A en Ten-Year Site Plans (TYSP) http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusouroperationsinfopsinfopstysp

field field-type-text field-field-page-name">

65

FW405 FISH PHYSIOLOGY (3 CREDITS) COURSE OUTLINE SPRING 2011

1 FW405 FISH PHYSIOLOGY (3 CREDITS) COURSE OUTLINE SPRING 2011 I. Lecture: Time: Place: Monday, or by appointment. II. Required Materials o Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 5th edition (at CSU bookstore, or by appointment. VI. Course Description Physiological ecology of fishes, focusing on the diverse range

66

Course Outline ENG 2MM3 Electrical Circuits & Power

-Phase Induction Motor; 5. DC Generators & DC Motors; 6. Efficiency/Heating of Electric Machines; 7. ActiveCourse Outline ENG 2MM3 Electrical Circuits & Power Winter 2010 Instructor: Prof. Matiar Howlader Web Page: www.ece.mcmaster.ca/~mrhowlader/ENG2MM3Notes Text Books: 1. Electrical Power and Controls

Haykin, Simon

67

Course Outline ENG 2MM3 Electrical Circuits & Power

-Phase Induction Motor; 5. DC Generators & DC Motors; 6. Efficiency/Heating of Electric Machines; 7. ActiveCourse Outline ENG 2MM3 Electrical Circuits & Power Fall 2010 Instructor: Prof. Matiar Howlader Web Page: www.ece.mcmaster.ca/~mrhowlader/ENG2MM3Notes Text Books: 1. Electrical Power and Controls

Haykin, Simon

68

Geography 5: People and Earth's Ecosystems Lecture Outline

) · Renewable resources - Materials that can be replenished or replaced (water, solar/wind energy, air, food) 11 compliance 14 Cost-Benefit Analysis · Accounting process that compares a project's monetary costs vs. its development" 2 Population growth Health Air pollution Water Food and agriculture Waste Energy 3 Outline: 1

69

RESEARCH ARTICLE Outline of a novel architecture for cortical computation

RESEARCH ARTICLE Outline of a novel architecture for cortical computation Kaushik Majumdar Received for cortical computation has been proposed. This architecture is com- posed of computing paths consisting for this type of computation has been the von Neumann architecture where the memory is accessed

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

70

Master's programme in Nuclear Energy Engineering Programme outline

Master's programme in Nuclear Energy Engineering Programme outline The two-year Master's programme to work abroad. career ProsPects Nuclear power is a significant part of the current energy balance.With advances in science and technology, nuclear energy is increasingly re- garded as an eminent part

Haviland, David

71

Magnetohydrodynamic boundary layer control system

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an active boundary layer control system which is lightweight, operates with low in put power, and occupies little physical space. It is a further object of the invention to provide a boundary layer control system which is robust and can be operated in a damaged condition without creating a hazard to the vehicle. It is yet object of the invention to provide a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer control system for marine vehicles which provides a force directly on the water adjacent to the vehicle hull to provide flow separation control. The invention is a boundary layer control system using magnetic and electric fields interaction to providea driving force to energize boundary layer flow around a marine vehicle. A plurality of magnets are located circumferentially around the hull. Seawater electrodes are placed between each of the magnets and between the poles of each magnet. The resulting interaction of the electric and magnetic fields produces a Lorentz force which reduces the turbulence and may even relaminarize the flow in the boundary layer.

Meng, J.C.

1993-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

72

Casimir pistons with hybrid boundary conditions

The Casimir effect giving rise to an attractive or repulsive force between the configuration boundaries that confine the massless scalar field is reexamined for one to three-dimensional pistons in this paper. Especially, we consider Casimir pistons with hybrid boundary conditions, where the boundary condition on the piston is Neumann and those on other surfaces are Dirichlet. We show that the Casimir force on the piston is always repulsive, in contrast with the same problem where the boundary conditions are Dirichlet on all surfaces.

Xiang-hua Zhai; Xin-zhou Li

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

73

Electric field statistics in MHD turbulence

Electric field statistics in MHD turbulence Bernard Knaepen, Nicolas Denewet & Daniele Carati, ULB #12;Electric field statistics in MHD turbulence Outline Electric field in MHD? Particle acceleration Statistics of the electric & magnetic fields #12;Outline Electric field in MHD? Particle acceleration

Low, Robert

74

M&V Plan and Savings Calculations Methods Outline (IDIQ Attachment...

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

M&V Plan and Savings Calculations Methods Outline (IDIQ Attachment J-8) Document outlines measurement and verification (M&V) planning and savings calculation methods for an energy...

75

On the renormalization of the Gibbons-Hawking boundary term

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The bulk (Einstein-Hilbert) and boundary (Gibbons-Hawking) terms in the gravitational action are generally renormalized differently when integrating out quantum fluctuations. The former is affected by nonminimal couplings, while the latter is affected by boundary conditions. We use the heat kernel method to analyze this behavior for a nonminimally coupled scalar field, the Maxwell field, and the graviton field. Allowing for Robin boundary conditions, we examine in which cases the renormalization preserves the ratio of boundary and bulk terms required for the effective action to possess a stationary point. The implications for field theory and black hole entropy computations are discussed.

Ted Jacobson and Alejandro Satz

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

76

M&V Plan and Savings Calculations Methods Outline (IDIQ Attachment J-8)

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document outlines measurement and verification (M&V) planning and savings calculation methods for an energy savings performance contract (ESPC).

77

Disembodied boundary data for Einstein's equations

A strongly well-posed initial boundary value problem based upon constraint-preserving boundary conditions of the Sommerfeld type has been established for the harmonic formulation of the vacuum Einstein's equations. These Sommerfeld conditions have been previously presented in a four-dimensional geometric form. Here we recast the associated boundary data as three-dimensional tensor fields intrinsic to the boundary. This provides a geometric presentation of the boundary data analogous to the three-dimensional presentation of Cauchy data in terms of three-metric and extrinsic curvature. In particular, diffeomorphisms of the boundary data lead to vacuum spacetimes with isometric geometries. The proof of well-posedness is valid for the harmonic formulation and its generalizations. The Sommerfeld conditions can be directly applied to existing harmonic codes which have been used in simulating binary black holes, thus ensuring boundary stability of the underlying analytic system. The geometric form of the boundary conditions also allows them to be formally applied to any metric formulation of Einstein's equations, although well-posedness of the boundary problem is no longer ensured. We discuss to what extent such a formal application might be implemented in a constraint-preserving manner to 3+1 formulations, such as the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura system which has been highly successful in binary black hole simulation.

Winicour, Jeffrey [Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, 14476 Golm (Germany)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Degenerate Metric Phase Boundaries

The structure of boundaries between degenerate and nondegenerate solutions of Ashtekar's canonical reformulation of Einstein's equations is studied. Several examples are given of such "phase boundaries" in which the metric is degenerate on one side of a null hypersurface and non-degenerate on the other side. These include portions of flat space, Schwarzschild, and plane wave solutions joined to degenerate regions. In the last case, the wave collides with a planar phase boundary and continues on with the same curvature but degenerate triad, while the phase boundary continues in the opposite direction. We conjecture that degenerate phase boundaries are always null.

Ingemar Bengtsson; Ted Jacobson

1999-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

79

60Dr. Gregory A. Dorais, NASA Ames Research Center Dr. David Kortenkamp, NASA Johnson Space Center NASA HCA Applications OutlineNASA HCA Applications Outline l 3T Control Architecture architecture Satellite Assistant (under development) #12;61Dr. Gregory A. Dorais, NASA Ames Research Center Dr. David

Kortenkamp, David

80

Master's programme in Sustainable Energy Engineering Programme outline

specialisations - Sustainable Power Genera- tion, Sustainable Energy Utilisation in the Built Enviroment and Solar, describe, quantify and find solutions to a diverse range of energy engineering problems. Participants gain of the see Programme is to provide state-of-the-art education in the fields of solar energy, power generation

Lagergren, Jens

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

81

In this paper we argue that boundary condition may run with energy scale. As an illustrative example, we consider one-dimensional quantum mechanics for a spinless particle that freely propagates in the bulk yet interacts only at the origin. In this setting we find the renormalization group flow of U(2) family of boundary conditions exactly. We show that the well-known scale-independent subfamily of boundary conditions are realized as fixed points. We also discuss the duality between two distinct boundary conditions from the renormalization group point of view. Generalizations to conformal mechanics and quantum graph are also discussed.

Ohya, Satoshi; Tachibana, Motoi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

In this paper we argue that boundary condition may run with energy scale. As an illustrative example, we consider one-dimensional quantum mechanics for a spinless particle that freely propagates in the bulk yet interacts only at the origin. In this setting we find the renormalization group flow of U(2) family of boundary conditions exactly. We show that the well-known scale-independent subfamily of boundary conditions are realized as fixed points. We also discuss the duality between two distinct boundary conditions from the renormalization group point of view. Generalizations to conformal mechanics and quantum graph are also discussed.

Satoshi Ohya; Makoto Sakamoto; Motoi Tachibana

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

83

Lines of Utility: Outlines, Architecture, and Design in Britain, c. 1800.

??In both the architectural and design publications that helped define Neoclassicism in Britain, praise for linearity, lines, and outlines was often accompanied by an equal (more)

Cohen, Alexis Helena

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Processes in the Magnetospheric Boundary Layer

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The earth's magnetopause is a boundary that separates two distinctly different plasma regions - the (shocked) solar wind and the hot magnetospheric plasma controlled by the terrestrial magnetic field. Through this boundary a small fraction of the solar wind energy and momentum is transferred. This energy powers all major plasma processes within the magnetosphere. Thus, a proper understanding of boundary layer phenomena is of vital importance for magnetospheric plasma physics. An overview of the two main theories put forward to explain the energy and momentum transfer processes near the earth's magnetospheric boundary - magnetic merging/reconnection and the boundary layer dynamo model - will be given. The theories are compared with recent in situ plasma observations in the vicinity of the magnetopause. It is suggested here that internal processes in the magnetospheric boundary layer are decisive for the transfer of energy and momentum into the inner magnetosphere, which is coupled to the high latitude ionosphere. On the other hand, external conditions at the magnetopause proper determine the coupling to the solar wind. Means of relating transient magnetic field signatures, such as flux transfer events, with plasma dynamo induced currents will also be discussed.

Rickard Lundin

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

ARM - Measurement - Planetary boundary layer height

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsPlanetary boundary layer height govMeasurementsPlanetary boundary layer height ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Planetary boundary layer height Top of the planetary boundary layer; also known as depth or height of the mixing layer. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments VCEIL : Vaisala Ceilometer External Instruments NCEPGFS : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System Field Campaign Instruments

86

Annotated outlines for documents required by FFA and CERCLA for Oak Ridge Reservation sites

The annotated outlines approved by the Document Content and Response Committee (DCRC) and issued in ``Revision O`` of this document include those for preliminary assessments/site inspections, remedial investigation (RI) work plans, RI reports, feasibility studies, Proposed Plans, interim records of decision (IRODs), and records of decision (RODs). These annotated outlines for documents required by the Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) have been developed by the DCRC to ensure document format consistency across the Oak Ridge Reservation. The outlines have been developed to comply with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCIA), integrating National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Natural Resources Damages Act requirements and other applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements. Additional annotated outlines for documents required by the FFA that the DCRC plans to issue at a later date include outlines for remedial design work plans, remedial design reports, remedial action work plans, and postconstruction reports. As necessary, these outlines will be revised to reflect new regulatory requirements and/or document comments received from the regulatory agencies as the CERCLA remediation process for the various sites progresses. The outlines prepared by the DCRC contain important guidelines and provide logical formats for preparation of defensible and consistent documents for the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) Environmental Restoration (ER) Program. These outlines were prepared using existing regulatory, DOE, and ER Program guidance or requirements, in order to incorporate several requirements into a single summary.

Not Available

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Outline History Basic Theory Research Future Accelerators References Brief Overview of Wakefield

Outline History Basic Theory Research Future Accelerators References Brief Overview of Wakefield Acceleration Eugene S. Evans1 November 9, 2010 1 University of California, Berkeley Eugene S. Evans Brief Overview of Wakefield Acceleration #12;Outline History Basic Theory Research Future Accelerators References

Budker, Dmitry

88

Outline Inverted File Building Compression for Inverted Files Building and Compression Techniques for Inverted Files Roi Blanco Dpt. Computing Science, University of A Coruna December 13, 2005 Roi Blanco Building and Compression Techniques for Inverted Files #12;Outline Inverted File Building Compression

Barreiro, Alvaro

89

iCons, 2011 iCons I case study outline and approach

� iCons, 2011 iCons I case study outline and approach I. Outline for an iCons I case study It is intended that each case study used in iCons I will proceed sequentially through stages, generate the creation products #12; � iCons, 2011 II. iCons I Exercises and Activities

Auerbach, Scott M.

90

School of Architecture Strategic Plan Outline page 1 School of Architecture

School of Architecture Strategic Plan Outline page 1 School of Architecture Montana State University Strategic Planning Document Condensed Outline May 24, 2013 School of Architecture Vision Recognizing that architecture is a basic human need, we strive to play an essential and innovative role

Maxwell, Bruce D.

91

Boundaries and Topological Algorithms

This thesis develops a model for the topological structure of situations. In this model, the topological structure of space is altered by the presence or absence of boundaries, such as those at the edges of objects. ...

Fleck, Margaret Morrison

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Testing outer boundary treatments for the Einstein equations

Various methods of treating outer boundaries in numerical relativity are compared using a simple test problem: a Schwarzschild black hole with an outgoing gravitational wave perturbation. Numerical solutions computed using different boundary treatments are compared to a `reference' numerical solution obtained by placing the outer boundary at a very large radius. For each boundary treatment, the full solutions including constraint violations and extracted gravitational waves are compared to those of the reference solution, thereby assessing the reflections caused by the artificial boundary. These tests use a first-order generalized harmonic formulation of the Einstein equations. Constraint-preserving boundary conditions for this system are reviewed, and an improved boundary condition on the gauge degrees of freedom is presented. Alternate boundary conditions evaluated here include freezing the incoming characteristic fields, Sommerfeld boundary conditions, and the constraint-preserving boundary conditions of Kreiss and Winicour. Rather different approaches to boundary treatments, such as sponge layers and spatial compactification, are also tested. Overall the best treatment found here combines boundary conditions that preserve the constraints, freeze the Newman-Penrose scalar Psi_0, and control gauge reflections.

Oliver Rinne; Lee Lindblom; Mark A. Scheel

2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

93

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study deals with the boundary between a normal plasma of ions and electrons, and an adjacent complex plasma of ions, electrons, and microparticles, as found in innumerable examples in nature. Here we show that the matching between the two plasmas involve electrostatic double layers. These double layers explain the sharp boundaries observed in the laboratory and in astrophysics. A modified theory is derived for the double layers that form at the discontinuity between two different complex plasmas and at the point of contact of three complex plasmas. The theory is applied to the first measurements from the Plasma Kristall Experiment (PKE) Nefedov Laboratory in the International Space Station.

B. M. Annaratone; S. A. Khrapak; P. Bryant; G. E. Morfill; H. Rothermel; H. M. Thomas; M. Zuzic; V. E. Fortov; V. I. Molotkov; A. P. Nefedov; S. Krikalev; Yu. P. Semenov

2002-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

94

Presentation to the EAC - Smart Grid Customer Acceptance Paper Outline - Wanda Reder

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Customer Acceptance Customer Acceptance Paper Outline Electricity Advisory Committee October 16,2012 ∗ Wanda Reder ∗ Susan Kelly ∗ Bob Curry ∗ Phyllis Reha ∗ Elliot Roseman ∗ Paula Klein Thanks To ∗ In Smart Grid Committee, Conclusion That Issues & Challenges Associated With Consumer Acceptance Required More Detailed Discussion ∗ Reaching This Conclusion Close To October EAC Meeting Resulted In A Detailed Outline Of A Paper Being Achievable Why Separate Paper On Consumer Acceptance & Why An Outline? ∗ Brief Discussion Of Detailed Outline & Draft Recommendations To Guide Developing A Full Paper For EAC Review ∗ Comments Can Be Submitted Over The Next Two Weeks ∗ Develop An Approach & Schedule To Develop Full Paper For EAC Review

95

MICROBOONE PHYSICS Ben Carls Fermilab MicroBooNE Physics Outline

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PHYSICS Ben Carls Fermilab MicroBooNE Physics Outline * The detector and beam - MicroBooNE TPC - Booster and NuMI beams at Fermilab * Oscillation physics - Shed light on the...

96

Outline of Meeting Sessions and Workshops: 15th Biennial Conference on Chemical Education

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Outline of Meeting Sessions and Workshops: 15th Biennial Conference on Chemical Education ... The technical program includes more than 600 oral and poster presentations, 70 workshops, and 12 special lectures on modern perspectives in chemistry. ...

Anna M. Wilson

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE/E A - 1884 Yuma County, Colorado U. S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration December 2012 Wray Wind Energy Project Environmental Assessment For DOE/E A - 1884 Yuma County, Colorado U. S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration December 2012 THIS P AGE INTENTIONALLY BLAN K Table of Contents Table of Contents i W ray W ind Energy Project EA TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 1 -1 1.1 BACKG RO UND .................................................................................................................................1.1-1 1.2 PURPOS E AND NEED ........................................................................................................................1.2-1

98

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 75 Heating and Cooling - HVAC 3 6 3 4 6 22 Heating and Cooling - Envelope 3 5 5 5 5 23 Refrigeration - Appliances* 2 2 1 1 1 8 Water Heating - Appliances** 2 2 2 2 2 9 Water...

99

Casimir Pistons with General Boundary Conditions

In this work we analyze the Casimir energy and force for a scalar field endowed with general self-adjoint boundary conditions propagating in a higher dimensional piston configuration. The piston is constructed as a direct product $I\\times N$, with $I=[0,L]\\subset\\mathbb{R}$ and $N$ a smooth, compact Riemannian manifold with or without boundary. The study of the Casimir energy and force for this configuration is performed by employing the spectral zeta function regularization technique. The obtained analytic results depend explicitly on the spectral zeta function associated with the manifold $N$ and the parameters describing the general boundary conditions imposed. These results are then specialized to the case in which the manifold $N$ is a $d$-dimensional sphere.

Guglielmo Fucci

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

100

Plasma transport near material boundaries

The fluid theory of two-dimensional (2-d) plasma transport in axisymmetric devices is reviewed. The forces which produce flow across the magnetic field in a collisional plasma are described. These flows may lead to up-down asymmetries in the poloidal rotation and radial fluxes. Emphasis is placed on understanding the conditions under which the known 2-d plasma fluid equations provide a valid description of these processes. Attempts to extend the fluid treatment to less collisional, turbulent plasmas are discussed. A reduction to the 1-d fluid equations used in many computer simulations is possible when sources or boundary conditions provide a large enough radial scale length. The complete 1-d fluid equations are given in the text, and 2-d fluid equations are given in the Appendix.

Singer, C.E.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

101

Topology of the Future Chronological Boundary: Universality for Spacelike Boundaries

A method is presented for imputing a topology for any chronological set, i.e., a set with a chronology relation, such as a spacetime or a spacetime with some sort of boundary. This topology is shown to have several good properties, such as replicating the manifold topology for a spacetime and replicating the expected topology for some simple examples of spacetime-with-boundary; it also allows for a complete categorical characterization, in topological categories, of the Future Causal Boundary construction of Geroch, Kronheimer, and Penrose, showing that construction to have a universal property for future-completing chronological sets with spacelike boundaries. Rigidity results are given for any reasonable future completion of a spacetime, in terms of the GKP boundary: In the imputed topology, any such boundary must be homeomorphic to the GKP boundary (if all points have indecomposable pasts) or to a topological quotient of a closely related boundary (if boundaries are spacelike). A large class of warped-product-type spacetimes with spacelike boundaries is examined, calculating the GKP and other possible boundaries, and showing that the imputed topology gives expected results; included among these are the Schwarzschild singularity and those Robertson-Walker singularities which are spacelike.

Steven G. Harris

1999-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

102

Stratigraphic Boundaries | Open Energy Information

Stratigraphic Boundaries Stratigraphic Boundaries Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Stratigraphic Boundaries Dictionary.png Stratigraphic Boundaries: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone Intrusion Margins and Associated Fractures Stratigraphic Boundaries Fissure Swarms Caldera Rim Margins Lithologically Controlled Hydrothermal circulation may occur at the contacts between different lithologies. Examples

103

Laminar boundary layers in convective heat transport

We study Rayleigh-Benard convection in the high-Rayleigh-number and high-Prandtl-number regime, i.e., we consider a fluid in a container that is exposed to strong heating of the bottom and cooling of the top plate in the absence of inertia effects. While the dynamics in the bulk are characterized by a chaotic convective heat flow, the boundary layers at the horizontal container plates are essentially conducting and thus the fluid is motionless. Consequently, the average temperature exhibits a linear profile in the boundary layers. In this article, we rigorously investigate the average temperature and oscillations in the boundary layer via local bounds on the temperature field. Moreover, we deduce that the temperature profile is indeed essentially linear close to the horizontal container plates. Our results are uniform in the system parameters (e.g. the Rayleigh number) up to logarithmic correction terms. An important tool in our analysis is a new Hardy-type estimate for the convecting velocity field, which can be used to control the fluid motion in the layer. The bounds on the temperature field are derived with the help of local maximal regularity estimates for convection-diffusion equations.

Christian Seis

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

104

Grain boundary microstructure, chemistry, and IGSCC in Alloy 600 and Alloy 690

The resistance to intergranular stress corrosion cracking of six different Alloy 600 and Alloy 690 steam generator tubes has been investigated. The composition of the materials at grain boundaries has been investigated using analytical transmission electron microscopy and atom probe field ion microscopy techniques. The depletion of chromium at the grain boundaries has been related to the type of grain boundary precipitates. Segregation of carbon and boron to the grain boundaries has been observed and quantified.

Norring, K. [Studsvik AB, Nykoeping (Sweden); Stiller, K. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden); Nilsson, J.O. [AB Sandvik Steel, Sandviken (Sweden)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

105

OUTLINE FOR THE IPCC WORKING GROUP II CONTRIBUTION TO THE FOURTH ASSESSMENT REPORT

. Assessment of Observed Changes and Responses in Natural and Managed Systems · Methods in detectionOUTLINE FOR THE IPCC WORKING GROUP II CONTRIBUTION TO THE FOURTH ASSESSMENT REPORT CLIMATE CHANGE · Scope of this Assessment · Relation to other reports and studies A. ASSESSMENT OF OBSERVED CHANGES 1

Fischlin, Andreas

106

Outline of a proof theory of parametricity Harry G. Mairson \\Lambda

Outline of a proof theory of parametricity Harry G. Mairson \\Lambda Department of Computer Science that the function satisfies.''[Wad89] He gives the example of a function r 2 8A:A \\Lambda ! A \\Lambda , where , we must have the equality map XY f (r X `) = r Y (map XY f `): (1) Intuitive justifications

Mairson, Harry

107

5Health and Safety Policy General OutlineStatement of Responsibilities for Health and Safety

5Health and Safety Policy General OutlineStatement of Responsibilities for Health and Safety Every member of the University community has a responsibility to achieve good health and safety practice Statement (see p.4) which sets out the University's commitment to health and safety 2. as an identified set

Haase, Markus

108

This plan outlines procedures for collecting and conveying information to the public during or im-

Purpose This plan outlines procedures for collecting and conveying information to the public during or im- mediately following an emergency or crisis. How communication is handled in the first few hours (and not this Crisis Communication plan) applies. Assumptions During a crisis, much of what the public

Langerhans, Brian

109

1 MODIFICATIONS PROCESSING PROCEDURE 6/2/2011 This document outlines the DUHS IRB procedure to choose. The Mods request asks the PI to submit a point-by-point response as well as revised documents from the PI with submission of the tracked version of the changes. If the PI has not submitted

110

1. Scope and Applicability This document outlines guidelines for research space allocation and, in certain cases, to center and institute directors. (Note: The language in this document refers of research space to meet changing needs and emerging opportunities within the department; and with tracking

Finley Jr., Russell L.

111

Graduate School of Energy Science Outlines of Laboratories Department of ENERGY CONVERSION SCIENCE

Graduate School of Energy Science Outlines of Laboratories Department of ENERGY CONVERSION SCIENCE 1 / 2 Group Code: H-1 Group Name: Thermal Energy Conversion Takuji ISHIYAMA, Professor; Hiroshi energy conversion systems with high efficiency and safety while protecting the environment

Takada, Shoji

112

Prediction of potential and current density distribution using the boundary element method

boundary. 12 7. Discontinuous 2D boundary elements in intrinsic coordinate system. . . . . 25 8. Discontinuous 3D linear (boundary) element (a) global coordinates (b) intrinsic coordinates. 30 9. A simple galvanic corrosion couple (potential field... in two dimensions). . . 35 10. Potential distribution along the surface of the electrodes (i. e. , at yW). . . . 38 11. A simple problem of a cube (potential field in three dimensions). . . , . . . 41 12. Corrosion cell (a) perspective (b) cross...

Pakalapati, Surya Narayana Raju

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Grain boundary compositon in NiAl

The high temperature strength and oxidation resistance of many transition metal aluminides makes these intermetallic materials attractive for high temperature applications. However, these aluminides are generally brittle at low temperatures and this restricts their technological applications. However, these aluminides are generally brittle at low temperatures and this restricts their technological applications. It has been demonstrated that the addition of more than 200 ppm of boron to the L1{sub 2}-ordered Ni{sub 3}Al changes the fracture behavior from intergranular to transgranular and increases the ductility. The B2-ordered NiAl nickel aluminide is particularly attractive because of its low density and high melting temperature. This aluminide also fractures intergranularly at room temperature. However, no improvement in ductility is observed with similar boron additions even though the intergranular fracture is suppressed and there is a significant increase in the yield strength. In this paper, the results of an atom probe field ion microscopy investigation of the compositions of the grain boundaries in undoped and boron-doped NiAl are presented. The suitability of the atom probe field ion microscopy technique for the characterization of boundaries has clearly been demonstrated in many previous investigations including the characterization of boron segregation to grain boundaries and other planar features in Ni{sub 3}Al.

Miller, M.K.; Jayaram, R.; Camus, P.P. (Metals and Ceramics Div., Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN (US))

1992-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States

New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States energy grid Home > Blogs > Graham7781's blog Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 16 August, 2013 - 12:21 energy grid OpenEI President Smart Grid United States White House On Monday, the White House released a new report that identifies the one of the biggest problems facing today's power grid. As prepared by the President's Council of Economic Advisers, the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability and the White House Office of Science and Technology, the report, entitled "Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages," states that the grid is extremely vulnerable to power outages due

115

2. System boundaries; Balance equations

;5/28 Systems and boundaries /3 An isolated system is a special kind of closed system Pictures: KJ05 Q = heat W Example: an electric hot water heater in a house The electric heater is a closed system The water1/28 2. System boundaries; Balance equations Ron Zevenhoven ?bo Akademi University Thermal and flow

Zevenhoven, Ron

116

Sensitivity Analysis for Decision Boundaries

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel approach is presented to visualize and analyze decision boundaries for feedforward neural networks. First order sensitivity analysis of the neural network output function with respect to input perturbations is used to visualize the position ... Keywords: decision boundary, feature extraction, feedforward neural network, irrelevant parameters, pruning, sensitivity analysis

A. P. Engelbrecht

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Field observations and lessons learned

This presentation outlines observations and lessons learned from the Megaports program. It provides: (1) details of field and technical observations collected during LANL field activities at ports around the world and details of observations collected during radiation detections system testing at Los Alamos National Laboratory; (2) provides suggestions for improvement and efficiency; and (3) discusses possible program execution changes for more effective operations.

Nielsen, Joh B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

A general boundary integral approach to elliptical boundary value problems

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based upon basic principles of continuum theory a unified direct boundary integral representation of three-dimensional elliptical boundary value problems is presented. Within this framework many interesting engineering problems, e.g. elastostatics, manetostatic and heat conduction may be considered. The special analysis of the problem under consideration appears in the fundamental solutions. A general procedure for derivation of fundamental solutions with regard to an effecient numerical realisation of the boundary element method is discussed. In the appendix a FORTRAN IV code concerning the calculation of fundamental solutions in anisotropic elastostatics is presented.

H. Grndemann

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Theory of Grain Boundary Diffusion

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The previously proposed dependence of the structure of grain boundaries upon the angle of disorientation of the two grains is used as a basis of a quantitative consideration of diffusion along grain boundaries and in particular of the apparent activation energies. At small angles in the dislocation range the diffusion is controlled by volume diffusion mechanism. At high angles near 45 the model of a uniform grain boundary is applicable. In the intermediate range an array of rod-like areas of distorted lattice leads to low or even negative apparent activation energies. The theory is in good agreement with experiment.

R. Smoluchowski

1952-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

The Federal Government offers a number of incentives designed specifically to promote biomass energy. These incentives include various tax credits, deductions and exemptions, as well as direct subsidy payments and grants. Additionally, equipment manufacturers and project developers may find several other tax provisions useful, including tax incentives for exporting U.S. good and engineering services, as well as incentives for the development of new technologies. This paper outlines the available incentives, and also addresses ways to coordinate the use of tax breaks with government grants and tax-free bond financing in order to maximize benefits for biomass energy projects.

Sanderson, G.A. [Gomel and Davis, Atlanta, GA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

121

This model curriculum outline was developed using a turbo-DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process which utilizes practicing experts to undertake a comprehensive job and task analysis. The job and task analysis serves to establish current baseline data accurately and to improve both the process and the product of the job through constant and continuous improvement of training. The DACUM process is based on the following assumptions: (1) Expert workers are the best source for task analysis. (2) Any occupation can be described effectively in terms of tasks. (3) All tasks imply knowledge, skills, and attitudes/values. A DACUM panel, comprised of six experienced and knowledgeable technicians who are presently working in the field, was given an orientation to the DACUM process. The panel then identified, verified, and sequenced all the necessary job duty areas and tasks. The broad duty categories were rated according to relative importance and assigned percentage ratings in priority order. The panel then rated every task for each of the duties on a scale of 1 to 3. A rating of 3 indicates an {open_quotes}essential{close_quotes} task, a rating of 2 indicates an {open_quotes}important{close_quotes} task, and a rating of 1 indicates a {open_quotes}desirable{close_quotes} task.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

The Method of Boundary Perturbation,

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Method of Boundary Perturbation, Method of Boundary Perturbation, and Its Application to Wakefield Calculationst Weiren Chou+ Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Ave. Argonne, IL 60439 USA Spring Meeting of The American Physical Society Division of Physics of Beams Washington, D.C. April 16-19, 1990 tWork supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract W-31-109-ENG-38. tPresent address: SSC Laboratory, Accelerator Division, MS-I046, 2550 Beckleymeade Ave., Dallas, TX 75237, USA. LS-/~ *Boundary Perturbation, and Its Application to Wakefield Calculations ABSTRACT The boundary perturbation method, suggested by Zhang and, independently, by Chatard-Moulin, Cooper, and their colleagues, is employed to the wakefield cal- *

123

South Campus Boundary/Landscape

South Campus Boundary/Landscape April 18, 2012 #12;#12;7:00 - 7:05 Introductions and Review of the Agenda 7:05 - 7:20 Principles of the South Campus Boundary/Landscape from the Feb 21 Design Charette 7:20 - 7:30 Landscape Examples 7:30 - 7:45 Concepts and Ideas for LeMarchant St. 7:45 - 7:50 Break

Brownstone, Rob

124

Turbulence Structure and Wall Signature in Hypersonic Boundary Layer

Turbulence Structure and Wall Signature in Hypersonic Boundary Layer Yin-Chiu Kan , Beekman Izaak and low- speed features, found in subsonic experiments, are present in our supersonic and hypersonic and hypersonic regimes due to the lack of detailed flow field data, and the studies have been mostly restricted

Martín, Pino

125

Application of acoustic sounding to estimating fusion in an atmospheric boundary layer

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An acoustic sounder system can be configured to provide estimates of the vertical profile of velocity and dissipation rate of kinetic and potential energy. A method based on the concepts of boundary?layer similarity theory is outlined by which the characteristicvelocity in a freely convective boundary layer is deduced from the inversion height and the asymptotic value of the dissipation rate of kinetic energy near the inversion. These values in conjunction with the mean velocity are used to establish the normalized heights downwind and cross?wind distances and cross?wind integrated concentrations. The normalized lateral and vertical standard deviations are then deduced from empirically established laboratory relationships for nonbuoyant particulates. Preliminary analysis indicate a similar methodology may be applicable to the stable boundary layer.

Bryan R. Kerman

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Data Management Plan (outline) The Data Management Plan (DMP to the funder's Data Policy and (2) how the investigator plans to manage the data should cover the following topics: 1. Information about the data · Describe

127

Modeling open boundaries in dissipative MHD simulation

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The truncation of large physical domains to concentrate computational resources is necessary or desirable in simulating many natural and man-made plasma phenomena. Three open boundary condition (BC) methods for such domain truncation of dissipative magnetohydrodynamics ... Keywords: Approximate Riemann, Artificial boundary, Calderon method, Dissipative, Lacuna, Lacunae, MHD, Magnetohydrodynamics, Non-reflecting boundary, Nonlinear, Open boundary, hyperbolic-parabolic

E. T. Meier; A. H. Glasser; V. S. Lukin; U. Shumlak

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Study of turbulence-chemistry interaction in hypersonic turbulent boundary layers

Study of turbulence-chemistry interaction in hypersonic turbulent boundary layers Lian Duan and M of the turbulence-chemistry interaction (TCI) are performed in hypersonic tur- bulent boundary layers using direct numerical simulation (DNS) flow fields under typical hypersonic conditions representative of blunt

Martín, Pino

129

Identifying Chemicals That Are Planetary Boundary Threats

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Identifying Chemicals That Are Planetary Boundary Threats ... Our point of departure to develop profiles for chemicals that are potential planetary boundary threats is to identify scenarios in which a chemical could fulfill each of the three conditions for being a planetary boundary threat. ... Note that chemicals named as examples do not necessarily represent planetary boundary threats since at least one scenario from each of the three conditions must be fulfilled for a chemical to pose a planetary boundary threat. ...

Matthew MacLeod; Magnus Breitholtz; Ian T. Cousins; Cynthia A. de Wit; Linn M. Persson; Christina Rudn; Michael S. McLachlan

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

130

Kac boundary conditions of the logarithmic minimal models

We develop further the implementation and analysis of Kac boundary conditions in the general logarithmic minimal models ${\\cal LM}(p,p')$ with $1\\le ptype seam of width $s-1$ columns and an $r$-type seam of width $\\rho-1$ columns. The $r$-type seam contains an arbitrary boundary field $\\xi$. The usual fusion construction of the $r$-type seam relies on the existence of Wenzl-Jones projectors restricting its application to $r\\le\\rho

Pearce, Paul A; Couvreur, Romain

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Matrix factorisations for rational boundary conditions by defect fusion

A large class of two-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ superconformal field theories can be understood as IR fixed-points of Landau-Ginzburg models. In particular, there are rational conformal field theories that also have a Landau-Ginzburg description. To understand better the relation between the structures in the rational conformal field theory and in the Landau-Ginzburg theory, we investigate how rational B-type boundary conditions are realised as matrix factorisations in the $SU(3)/U(2)$ Grassmannian Kazama-Suzuki model. As a tool to generate the matrix factorisations we make use of a particular interface between the Kazama-Suzuki model and products of minimal models, whose fusion can be realised as a simple functor on ring modules. This allows us to formulate a proposal for all matrix factorisations corresponding to rational boundary conditions in the $SU(3)/U(2)$ model.

Behr, Nicolas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Dirichlet boundary conditions in type IIB superstring theory and fermionic T-duality

In this article we investigate the relation between consequences of Dirichlet boundary conditions (momenta noncommutativity and parameters of the effective theory) and background fields of fermionic T-dual theory. We impose Dirichlet boundary conditions on the endpoints of the open string propagating in background of type IIB superstring theory with constant background fields. We showed that on the solution of the boundary conditions the momenta become noncommutative, while the coordinates commute. Fermionic T-duality is also introduced and its relation to noncommutativity is considered. We use compact notation so that type IIB superstring formally gets the form of the bosonic one with Grassman variables. Then momenta noncommutativity parameters are fermionic T-dual fields. The effective theory, the initial theory on the solution of boundary conditions, is bilinear in the effective coordinates, odd under world-sheet parity transformation. The effective metric is equal to the initial one and terms with the effective Kalb-Ramond field vanish.

B. Nikolic; B. Sazdovic

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A variety of atmospheric boundary layer parameters are examined as a function of wind direction in both urban and suburban settings in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, derived from measurements during the Joint Urban 2003 field campaign. Heterogeneous ...

Cheryl Klipp

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A new method for movingboundary hydrodynamic problems in shallow water

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...moving-boundary simulations: (a) fully wet...element; (d) flooding-type partly wet...for river flood simulation. Proc. Inst...M. 1994 Plain flooding: near and far field simulations. In Modelling flood...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A Case Study of Mid-Atlantic Nocturnal Boundary Layer Events during WAVES 2006

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Water Vapor Variability-Satellite/Sondes (WAVES) 2006 field campaign provided a contiguous 5-day period of concentrated high-resolution measurements to examine finescale boundary layer phenomena under the influence of a summertime subtropical ...

S. Rabenhorst; D. N. Whiteman; D.-L. Zhang; B. Demoz

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Managing across boundaries: identity, differentiation and interaction

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of organisational restructuring on organisational boundaries has become increasingly important, especially because modernisation of work practices within large organisations generates increasing boundary complexity. Psychoanalytic theory offers a means of exploring boundaries and emphasises the importance of boundary in the emergence of an integrated sense of identity. In the UK, restructuring of health services has resulted in changes to organisational, professional and work group boundaries, seemingly, without attention being given to what may constitute a healthy set of boundary relationships. Four interrelated case studies illustrate a variety of organisational relationships and cross-boundary processes in mental health services, and how threats to particular boundaries can lead organisational members to engage in defensive activity. Whilst defences may be healthy for the individual or the organisation, they may generate more problems than they solve. Although the examples given here are highly specific, they may illuminate boundary systems more generally within organisations.

Paula Hyde

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Modeling inductively coupled plasmas: The coil current boundary condition

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In modeling inductively coupled plasmas the boundary condition for the electromagnetic field equations can be treated by specifying either the current in the induction coil or the total power dissipated in the plasma. This paper presents a method for using the coil current boundary condition. An advantage of using the coil current boundary condition is that coil current unlike plasma power dissipation is easily measured; in this approach the plasma power dissipation is an outcome of the calculation. The results of sample calculations are presented covering a range of coil currents from 59 to 110 A. The conditions of the calculations correspond to experimental argon plasmas at atmospheric pressure and at 3.0 MHz frequency. The calculated isotherms are in good qualitative agreement with photographs of the laboratory plasmas.

Benjamin W. Yu; Steven L. Girshick

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Anti-FFBRST Transformations for the BLG Theory in Presence of a Boundary

In this paper we will analyse the anti-BRST symmetries of Bagger-Lambert-Gustavsson (BLG) theory in presence of a boundary. We will analyses these symmetries in both linear and non-linear gauges. We will also derive the finite field version of the anti-BRST transformations for the BLG theory in presence of a boundary. These finite field transformations will be used to relate generating functional in linear gauge to the generating functional in the non-linear gauge.

Faizal, Mir; Mandal, Bhabani P

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Direct injection of ionospheric O sup + into the dayside low latitude boundary layer

Observations from the AMPTE/Charge Composition Explorer (AMPTE/CCE) indicate the presence of two distinct O{sup +} populations in the dayside subsolar low latitude boundary layer during some periods of northward Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF). The first population is O{sup +} convected into the boundary layer from the outer magnetosphere and has been reported previously. It is suggested here that the new, second, O{sup +} population is injected into the dayside boundary layer directly from the high latitude ionosphere. This second population can have a significant density and distinct characteristics such as field-aligned flow relative to boundary layer H{sup +} that modify both the plasma composition and dynamics in the low latitude boundary layer. {copyright} American Geophysical Union 1989

Fuselier, S.A.; Klumpar, D.M.; Peterson, W.K.; Shelley, E.G. (Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, Palo Alto, California (US))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Compressional boundaries in the Earth's foreshock

The terrestrial foreshock is a highly dynamic region populated by particles, waves and non-linear structures such as shocklets, SLAMS, hot flow anomalies, cavities and cavitons. Recently a new structure named foreshock compressional boundary (FCB) was reported in global hybrid simulations by Omidi et al. (2009). This structure represents a transition region that separates the highly disturbed foreshock plasma from pristine solar wind or from the region of field-aligned ion beams. The FCB is associated with a strong compression of magnetic field and density. Besides the enhancements in the field and density, the FCB also shows a region where these two quantities decrease below the ambient solar wind (SW) values. Here, we study a FCB observed by Cluster-1. This FCB shows that although sometimes FCBs are transition regions between the pristine solar wind plasma and the foreshock plasma, in this case the FCB separates a region with large amplitude waves from regions with high frequency (f{approx}1.7 Hz) small amplitude waves. We analyze the FCB properties, ion distributions inside them, and the waves near the structure.

Rojas-Castillo, D.; Blanco-Cano, X. [Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Coyoacan (Mexico); Kajdic, P. [Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie, Toulouse (France); Omidi, N. [Solana Scientific Inc., Solana Beach, California (United States)

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

141

Grain boundary loops in graphene

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Topological defects can affect the physical properties of graphene in unexpected ways. Harnessing their influence may lead to enhanced control of both material strength and electrical properties. Here we present a class of topological defects in graphene composed of a rotating sequence of dislocations that close on themselves, forming grain boundary loops that either conserve the number of atoms in the hexagonal lattice or accommodate vacancy or interstitial reconstruction, while leaving no unsatisfied bonds. One grain boundary loop is observed as a flower pattern in scanning tunneling microscopy studies of epitaxial graphene grown on SiC(0001). We show that the flower defect has the lowest energy per dislocation core of any known topological defect in graphene, providing a natural explanation for its growth via the coalescence of mobile dislocations.

Eric Cockayne; Gregory M. Rutter; Nathan P. Guisinger; Jason N. Crain; Phillip N. First; Joseph A. Stroscio

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

142

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...organisms, technology, spiritual causality (fathers, leaders, gods), and art forms. That epigenetic potential creates the field...physics-is epitomized by Einstein's theory of brownian motion. Any particle, whether microscopic or macroscopic, immersed in an active...

A. S. Iberall

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

The Boundary Conditions for Point Transformed Electromagnetic Invisibility Cloaks

In this paper we study point transformed electromagnetic invisibility cloaks in transformation media that are obtained by transformation from general anisotropic media. We assume that there are several cloaks located in different points in space. Our results apply in particular to the first order invisibility cloaks introduced by Pendry et al. and to the high order invisibility cloaks introduced by Hendi et al. and by Cai et al.. We identify the appropriate {\\it cloaking boundary conditions} that the solutions of Maxwell equations have to satisfy at the outside, $\\partial K_+$, and at the inside, $\\partial K_-$, of the boundary of the cloaked object $K$. Namely, that the tangential components of the electric and the magnetic fields have to vanish at $\\partial K_+$ -what is always true- and that the normal components of the curl of the electric and the magnetic fields have to vanish at $\\partial K_-$. These results are proven requiring that energy be conserved. In the case of one spherical cloak with a spherically stratified $K$ and a radial current at $\\partial K$ we verify by an explicit calculation that our {\\it cloaking boundary conditions} are satisfied and that cloaking of active devices holds even if the current is at the boundary of the cloaked object. As we prove our results for media that are obtained by transformation from general anisotropic media, our results apply to the cloaking of objects with active and passive devices contained in general anisotropic media, in particular to objects with active and passive devices contained inside general crystals.

Ricardo Weder

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

144

Market boundaries for coking-coal concentrates

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The construction of geographic and commodity boundaries is considered in relation to the Russian market for coking-coal concentrates. In this market, uniform commodities ... construction of the market boundaries....

V. A. Brodskii

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Solitons induced by boundary conditions

Although soliton phenomena have attracted wide attention since 1965, there are still not enough efforts paid to mixed-boundary - initial-value problems that are important in real physical cases. The main purpose of this thesis is to study carefully the various boundary-induced soliton under different initial conditions. The author states with three sets of nonlinear equations: KdV equations and Boussinesq equations (for water); two-fluid equations for cold-ion plasma. He was interested in four types of problems involved with water solitons: excitation by different time-dependent boundary conditions under different initial conditions; head-on and over-taking collisions; reflection at a wall and the excitation by pure initial conditions. For KdV equations, only cases one and four are conducted. The results from two fully nonlinear KdV and Boussinesq equations are compared, and agree extremely well. The Boussinesq equations permit solition head-on collisions and reflections, studied the first time. The results from take-over collision agree with KdV results. For the ion-acoustic plasma, a set of Boussinesq-type equations was derived from the standard two-fluid equations for the ion-acoustic plasma. It theoretically proves the essential nature of the solitary wave solutions of the cold-ion plasma. The ion acoustic solitons are also obtained by prescribing a potential phi/sub 0/ at one grid point.

Zhou, R.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

SLE($?,?$)and Boundary Coulomb Gas

We consider the coulomb gas model on the upper half plane with different boundary conditions, namely Drichlet, Neuman and mixed. We related this model to SLE($\\kappa,\\rho$) theories. We derive a set of conditions connecting the total charge of the coulomb gas, the boundary charges, the parameters $\\kappa$ and $\\rho$. Also we study a free fermion theory in presence of a boundary and show with the same methods that it would lead to logarithmic boundary changing operators.

S. Moghimi-Araghi; M. A. Rajabpour; S. Rouhani

2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

147

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study we developed a measurement method for field-effect-carrier mobility across a single grain boundary in polycrystalline Si (poly Si) used for solar cell production by using an organic gate field-effect transistor(FET). To prevent precipitation and the diffusion of impurities affecting the electronic characteristics of the grain boundary all the processing temperatures during FET fabrication were held below 150?C. From the grain boundary the field-effect mobility was measured at around 21.4 cm2/Vs at 297?K and the temperature dependence of the field-effect mobility suggested the presence of a potential barrier of 0.22?eV at the boundary. The technique presented here is applicable for the monitoring of carrier conduction characteristics at the grain boundary in poly Si used for the production of solar cells.

Masaki Hashimoto; Kensaku Kanomata; Katsuaki Momiyama; Shigeru Kubota; Fumihiko Hirose

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

In this study, we developed a measurement method for field-effect-carrier mobility across a single grain boundary in polycrystalline Si (poly Si) used for solar cell production by using an organic gate field-effect transistor (FET). To prevent precipitation and the diffusion of impurities affecting the electronic characteristics of the grain boundary, all the processing temperatures during FET fabrication were held below 150 deg. C. From the grain boundary, the field-effect mobility was measured at around 21.4 cm{sup 2}/Vs at 297 K, and the temperature dependence of the field-effect mobility suggested the presence of a potential barrier of 0.22 eV at the boundary. The technique presented here is applicable for the monitoring of carrier conduction characteristics at the grain boundary in poly Si used for the production of solar cells.

Hashimoto, Masaki; Kanomata, Kensaku; Momiyama, Katsuaki; Kubota, Shigeru; Hirose, Fumihiko

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

149

of Hypersonic Turbulent Boundary Layers M. Pino Martin Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and hypersonic turbu- lent boundary layers. The systematic procedure for initializing the turbulent flow fields layers is important in advancing supersonic and hypersonic flight technology. In a high-speed boundary

Martín, Pino

150

The gravity field and plate boundaries in Venezuela

Free-air and simple Bouguer anomaly maps of the Venezuelan continental margin (from 60W to 72W and from 7N to 13N) are presented. The major features of the free-air map are: the large lows associated with the deep ...

Folinsbee, Robert Allin

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

1. Project Proposal Guidelines Outline and advice for crafting a project proposal to use when setting up MEng Projects as well as convincing a faculty advisor or client to work with you on a project that you write a proposal as part of your professional education and to help you end up with good project

Walter, M.Todd

152

contained in this handbook. In addition, the publication of information in this handbook does not bindDisclaimer The information published in this Open Learning program handbook outlines information interruption in, or cancellation of, any academic activities as set forth in this handbook and related

Matsakis, Pascal

153

PROGRAMS OF INSTRUCTION This section outlines the academic offerings of each col-

Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering Computer Science Electrical Engineering Industrial and Management Education K-12 Broad- field, Biology, Chemistry, English, History, Home Economics, Mathematics, Modern Languages K-12 (French, German, Spanish), Music K-12, Health Enhancement K-12, Health Enhancement K-12

Dyer, Bill

154

Universality of the Future Chronological Boundary

The purpose of this note is to establish, in a categorical manner, the universality of the Geroch-Kronheimer-Penrose causal boundary when considering the types of causal structures that may profitably be put on any sort of boundary for a spacetime. Actually, this can only be done for the future causal boundary (or the past causal boundary) separately; furthermore, only the chronology relation, not the causality relation, is considered, and the GKP topology is eschewed. The final result is that there is a unique map, with the proper causal properties, from the future causal boundary of a spacetime onto any ``reasonable" boundary which supports some sort of chronological structure and which purports to consist of a future completion of the spacetime. Furthermore, the future causal boundary construction is categorically unique in this regard.

Steven G. Harris

1997-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

155

Crystallographic Boundary in a Magnetic Shape Memory Material

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Crystallographic Boundary in a Crystallographic Boundary in a Magnetic Shape Memory Material Crystallographic Boundary in a Magnetic Shape Memory Material Print Wednesday, 18 April 2012 11:37 A research team has shown the existence of a special structural boundary in an intermetallic compound by combining the unique measurement facilities at the ALS, the single-crystal production capabilities of Tohoku University (Japan), and the materials science expertise of Johannes-Gutenberg-University (Germany). Conventional shape memory materials, such as the commercially available Nitinol (an alloy of nickel and titanium used in microsensing, actuation, and medical devices), undergo a phase transformation with cooling or heating when large areas of a sample distort along a single axis, and where the atomic-unit cell "stretching" from a cube to a rectangular prism occurs. In contrast, magnetic shape memory (MSM) materials are much more rare but have an advantage: The axis of magnetic anisotropy is coupled to the direction of stretching, so a perfect MSM crystal can be made to flex and bend reversibly by applying an external magnetic field.

156

Carbon transport in the bottom boundary layer. Final report

This report summarizes the activities and findings from a field experiment devised to estimate the rates and mechanisms of transport of carbon across the continental shelves. The specific site chosen for the experiment was the mid-Atlantic Bight, a region off the North Carolina coast. The experiment involved a large contingent of scientists from many institutions. The specific component of the program was the transport of carbon in the bottom boundary layer. The postulate mechanisms of transport of carbon in the bottom boundary layer are: resuspension and advection, downward deposition, and accumulation. The high turbulence levels in the bottom boundary layer require the understanding of the coupling between turbulence and bottom sediments. The specific issues addressed in the work reported here were: (a) What is the sediment response to forcing by currents and waves? (b) What is the turbulence climate in the bottom boundary layer at this site? and (c) What is the rate at which settling leads to carbon sequestering in bottom sediments at offshore sites?

Agrawal, Y.C.

1998-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

157

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examined the effect of boundary conditions on the critical parallel magnetic field Hc2|| and the critical current density Jc in superconductor-based nanostructures. For superconductor-normal metal superlattices, ... Keywords: antidote, critical current density, geometrical symmetry, superconducting nanostructure, upper critical magnetic field

Serghej L. Prischepa; V. N. Kushnir; C. Attanasio

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Multi-dimensional Longwave Forcing of Boundary Layer Cloud Systems

The importance of multi-dimensional (MD) longwave radiative effects on cloud dynamics is evaluated in a large eddy simulation (LES) framework employing multi-dimensional radiative transfer (Spherical Harmonics Discrete Ordinate Method SHDOM). Simulations are performed for a case of unbroken, marine boundary layer stratocumulus and a broken field of trade cumulus. Snapshot calculations of MD and IPA (independent pixel approximation 1D) radiative transfer applied to LES cloud fields show that the total radiative forcing changes only slightly, although the MD effects significantly modify the spatial structure of the radiative forcing. Simulations of each cloud type employing MD and IPA radiative transfer, however, differ little. For the solid cloud case, relative to using IPA, the MD simulation exhibits a slight reduction in entrainment rate and boundary layer TKE relative to the IPA simulation. This reduction is consistent with both the slight decrease in net radiative forcing and a negative correlation between local vertical velocity and radiative forcing, which implies a damping of boundary layer eddies. Snapshot calculations of the broken cloud case suggest a slight increase in radiative cooling, though few systematic differences are noted in the interactive simulations. We attribute this result to the fact that radiative cooling is a relatively minor contribution to the total energetics. For the cloud systems in this study, the use of IPA longwave radiative transfer is sufficiently accurate to capture the dynamical behavior of BL clouds. Further investigations are required in order to generalize this conclusion for other cloud types and longer time integrations. 1

Mechem, David B.; Kogan, Y. L.; Ovtchinnikov, Mikhail; Davis, Anthony B; Evans, K. F.; Ellingson, Robert G.

2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

159

Boundary-Layer Effects in Reverse Osmosis

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Boundary-Layer Effects in Reverse Osmosis ... In FO, water is extracted from a feed solution using the high osmotic pressure of a hypertonic solution that flows on ... ...

Ulrich Merten; H. K. Lonsdale; R. L. Riley

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

PIA - Savannah River Remediation Accreditation Boundary (SRR...

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution IBARS Srs Site Apps. Accreditation Boundary PIA - WEB Physical Security Major Application Occupational Medical Surveillance System (OMSS)...

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

161

The single twin boundary with crystallographic orientation relationship (1{sup }1{sup }1{sup })//(111) [01{sup }1]//[011{sup }] was created by wafer bonding. Electron diffraction patterns and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy images demonstrated the well control of the rotation angle between the bonded pair. At the twin boundary, one unit of wurtzite structure was found between two zinc-blende matrices. High-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy images showed Cd- and Te-terminated for the two bonded portions, respectively. The I-V curve across the twin boundary showed increasingly nonlinear behavior, indicating a potential barrier at the bonded twin boundary.

Sun, Ce; Lu, Ning; Wang, Jinguo; Lee, Jihyung; Peng, Xin; Kim, Moon J., E-mail: moonkim@utdallas.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75080 (United States); Klie, Robert F. [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

162

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory - Applied Superconductivity...

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the coupling between the gaps, and whether this produces new properties when quantized field lines move along grain boundaries or when MgB2 is exposed to microwave radiation. The...

163

Cherokee Clitics: The Word Boundary Problem

The problem of identifying Cherokee clitics is complicated by the fact that the prosodic word, marked by the presence of a tonal boundary, may not match the morphological word. Clitics may or may not respect the the word boundary as marked by tone...

Haag, Marcia

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions

Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions have been considered in Math Physics and Electromagnetism textbooks, but special constraints and other properties required for Neumann boundary conditions have generally not been noticed or treated correctly. In this paper, we derive an appropriate Neumann Green's function with these constraints and properties incorporated.

Jerrold Franklin

2012-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

165

An active wave generatingabsorbing boundary condition for VOF type numerical model

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of the present work is to discuss the implementation of an active wave generatingabsorbing boundary condition for a numerical model based on the Volume Of Fluid (VOF) method for tracking free surfaces. First an overview of the development of VOF type models with special emphasis in the field of coastal engineering is given. A new type of numerical boundary condition for combined wave generation and absorption in the numerical model \\{VOFbreak2\\} is presented. The numerical boundary condition is based on an active wave absorption system that was first developed in the context of physical wave flume experiments, using a wave paddle. The method applies to regular and irregular waves. Velocities are measured at one location inside the computational domain. The reflected wave train is separated from the incident wave field in front of a structure by means of digital filtering and subsequent superposition of the measured velocity signals. The incident wave signal is corrected, so that the reflected wave is effectively absorbed at the boundary. The digital filters are derived theoretically and their practical design is discussed. The practical use of this numerical boundary condition is compared to the use of the absorption system in a physical wave flume. The effectiveness of the active wave generatingabsorbing boundary condition finally is proved using analytical tests and numerical simulations with VOFbreak2.

Peter Troch; Julien De Rouck

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The gradient flow running coupling with twisted boundary conditions

We study the gradient flow for Yang-Mills theories with twisted boundary conditions. The perturbative behavior of the energy density $\\langle E(t)\\rangle$ is used to define a running coupling at a scale given by the linear size of the finite volume box. We compute the non-perturbative running of the pure gauge $SU(2)$ coupling constant and conclude that the technique is well suited for further applications due to the relatively mild cutoff effects of the step scaling function and the high numerical precision that can be achieved in lattice simulations. We also comment on the inclusion of matter fields.

A. Ramos

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

167

Conformally covariant boundary correlation functions with a quantum group

Particular boundary correlation functions of conformal field theory are needed to answer some questions related to random conformally invariant curves known as Schramm-Loewner evolutions (SLE). In this article, we introduce a correspondence and establish its fundamental properties, which are used in companion articles for explicitly solving two such problems. The correspondence associates Coulomb gas type integrals to vectors in a tensor product representation of a quantum group, a q-deformation of the Lie algebra sl2. We show that desired properties of the functions are guaranteed by natural representation theoretical properties of the vectors.

Kalle Kytl; Eveliina Peltola

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

168

Moving boundary approximation for curved streamer ionization fronts: Solvability analysis

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The minimal density model for negative streamer ionization fronts is investigated. An earlier moving boundary approximation for this model consisted of a kinetic undercooling type boundary condition in a Laplacian growth problem of Hele-Shaw type. Here we derive a curvature correction to the moving boundary approximation that resembles surface tension. The calculation is based on solvability analysis with unconventional features, namely, there are three relevant zero modes of the adjoint operator, one of them diverging; furthermore, the inner-outer matching ahead of the front must be performed on a line rather than on an extended region; and the whole calculation can be performed analytically. The analysis reveals a relation between the fields ahead and behind a slowly evolving curved front, the curvature and the generated conductivity. This relation forces us to give up the ideal conductivity approximation, and we suggest to replace it by a charge neutrality approximation. This implies that the electric potential in the streamer interior is no longer constant but solves a Laplace equation; this leads to a Muskat-type problem.

Fabian Brau, Benny Davidovitch, and Ute Ebert

2008-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

169

Lattice Boltzmann boundary conditions via singular forces: irregular expansion analysis

Lattice Boltzmann boundary conditions via singular forces: irregular expansion analysis. We benchmark the method on lattice Boltzmann flows past a rigid disk, comparing its numerical performances with standard boundary condition approaches. Key words: lattice Boltzmann method, boundary

170

Free-Field Representation of Permutation Branes in Gepner Models

We consider free-field realization of Gepner models basing on free-field realization of N=2 superconformal minimal models. Using this realization we analyse A/B-type boundary conditions starting from the ansatz when left-moving and right-moving free-fields degrees of freedom are glued at the boundary by an arbitrary constant matrix. It is shown that the only boundary conditions consistent with the singular vectors structure of unitary minimal models representations are given by permutation matrices and give thereby explicit free-field construction of permutation branes of Recknagel.

S. E. Parkhomenko

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

171

Property:Building/Boundaries | Open Energy Information

Boundaries Boundaries Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Boundaries Pages using the property "Building/Boundaries" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + Several buildings + Sweden Building 05K0002 + Part of a building + Sweden Building 05K0003 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0004 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0005 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0006 + Several buildings + Sweden Building 05K0007 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0008 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0009 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0010 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0011 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0012 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0013 + One building + Sweden Building 05K0014 + One building +

172

Boundary conditions for the lattice Boltzmann method.

?? Based on the no-slip boundary condition for walls at rest for the lattice Boltzmann Bathnagar-Gross-Krook method by J.C.G. Verschaeve [Phys. Rev. 80,036703 (2009)], a (more)

le coupanec, erwan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Nonlinear boundary value problem of magnetic insulation

On the basis of generalization of upper and lower solution method to the singular two point boundary value problems, the existence theorem of solutions for the system, which models a process of magnetic insulation in plasma is proved.

A. V. Sinitsyn

2000-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

174

Brownian walkers within subdiffusing territorial boundaries

Inspired by the collective phenomenon of territorial emergence, whereby animals move and interact through the scent marks they deposit, we study the dynamics of a 1D Brownian walker in a random environment consisting of confining boundaries that are themselves diffusing anomalously. We show how to reduce, in certain parameter regimes, the non-Markovian, many-body problem of territoriality to the analytically tractable one-body problem studied here. The mean square displacement (MSD) of the 1D Brownian walker within subdiffusing boundaries is calculated exactly and generalizes well known results when the boundaries are immobile. Furthermore, under certain conditions, if the boundary dynamics are strongly subdiffusive, we show the appearance of an interesting non-monotonicity in the time dependence of the MSD, giving rise to transient negative diffusion.

Luca Giuggioli; Jonathan R. Potts; Stephen Harris

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

175

An outgoing energy flux boundary condition for finite difference ICRP antenna models

For antennas at the ion cyclotron range of frequencies (ICRF) modeling in vacuum can now be carried out to a high level of detail such that shaping of the current straps, isolating septa, and discrete Faraday shield structures can be included. An efficient approach would be to solve for the fields in the vacuum region near the antenna in three dimensions by finite methods and to match this solution at the plasma-vacuum interface to a solution obtained in the plasma region in one dimension by Fourier methods. This approach has been difficult to carry out because boundary conditions must be imposed at the edge of the finite difference grid on a point-by-point basis, whereas the condition for outgoing energy flux into the plasma is known only in terms of the Fourier transform of the plasma fields. A technique is presented by which a boundary condition can be imposed on the computational grid of a three-dimensional finite difference, or finite element, code by constraining the discrete Fourier transform of the fields at the boundary points to satisfy an outgoing energy flux condition appropriate for the plasma. The boundary condition at a specific grid point appears as a coupling to other grid points on the boundary, with weighting determined by a kemel calctdated from the plasma surface impedance matrix for the various plasma Fourier modes. This boundary condition has been implemented in a finite difference solution of a simple problem in two dimensions, which can also be solved directly by Fourier transformation. Results are presented, and it is shown that the proposed boundary condition does enforce outgoing energy flux and yields the same solution as is obtained by Fourier methods.

Batchelor, D.B.; Carter, M.D.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Incorporating local boundary conditions into nonlocal theories

We study nonlocal equations from the area of peridynamics on bounded domains. In our companion paper, we discover that, on $\\mathbb{R}^n$, the governing operator in peridynamics, which involves a convolution, is a bounded function of the classical (local) governing operator. Building on this, we define an abstract convolution operator on bounded domains. The abstract convolution operator is a function of the classical operator, defined by a Hilbert basis available due to the purely discrete spectrum of the latter. As governing operator of the nonlocal equation we use a function of the classical operator, this allows us to incorporate local boundary conditions into nonlocal theories. For the homogeneous wave equation with the considered boundary conditions, we prove that continuity is preserved by time evolution. We give explicit solution expressions for the initial value problems with prominent boundary conditions such as periodic, antiperiodic, Neumann, and Dirichlet. In order to connect to the standard convolution, we give an integral representation of the abstract convolution operator. We present additional "simple" convolutionsbased on periodic and antiperiodic boundary conditions that lead Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions. We present a numerical study of the solutions of the wave equation. For discretization, we employ a weak formulation based on a Galerkin projection and use piecewise polynomials on each element which allows discontinuities of the approximate solution at the element borders. We study convergence order of solutions with respect to polynomial order and observe optimal convergence. We depict the solutions for each boundary condition.

Burak Aksoylu; Horst Reinhard Beyer; Fatih Celiker

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

177

Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries...

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries. Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries. Abstract: Structure and electronic properties of...

178

3.2 FACULTY RESUMES/CURRICULUM VITAE FORMAT The following Curriculum Vitae Outline is used Affairs office should contain a resume (in any format) that is no older than five years. Date: 1. Personal

179

Boundary induced phase transition with stochastic entrance and exit

We study an open-chain totally asymmetric exclusion process (TASEP) with stochastic gates present at the two boundaries. The gating dynamics has been modeled keeping the physical system of ion-channel gating in mind. These gates can randomly switch between an open state and a closed state. In the open state, the gates are highly permeable such that any particle arriving at the gate immediately passes through. In the closed state, a particle gets trapped at the gate and cannot pass through until the gate switches open again. We calculate the phase-diagram of the system and find important and non-trivial differences with the phase-diagram of a regular open-chain TASEP. In particular, depending on switching rates of the two gates, the system may or may not admit a maximal current phase. Our analytic calculation within mean-field theory captures the main qualitative features of our Monte Carlo simulation results. We also perform a refined mean-field calculation where the correlations at the boundaries are taken into account. This theory shows significantly better quantitative agreement with our simulation results.

Mithun Kumar Mitra; Sakuntala Chatterjee

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Contract Management Plan Outline

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................... 1 2.0 Purpose/Applicability/Updates and Distribution........................................................... 1 3.0 Contract Summary ........................................................................................................... 3 4.0 Organizational Roles and Contract Oversight Responsibilities ................................... 6 5.0 Contract Authorities, Delegations and Limitations....................................................... 8 6.0 Contract Administration and Oversight....................................................................... 12 7.0 Communication Protocols ..............................................................................................

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

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181

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Active and Passive Gas Imagers for Evaluation of Active and Passive Gas Imagers for Transmission Pipeline Remote Leak Detection Final Report December 2002 Submitted by Thomas A. Reichardt, Sanjay Devdas, and Thomas J. Kulp Diagnostics and Remote Sensing Department Sandia National Laboratories P.O. Box 969, MS 9056 Livermore, CA 94551 and Wayne Einfeld Environmental Monitoring and Characterization Department Sandia National Laboratories P.O. Box 5800, MS 0755 Albuquerque, NM 87185 This work was sponsored by The Strategic Center for Natural Gas Natural Gas Infrastructure Reliability Program, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), DOE Office of Fossil Energy 2 Abstract The pipeline industry would benefit considerably from the development of systems that could provide early warning capabilities for major pipeline integrity and safety issues caused by leaks.

182

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NMMSS PROJECT NMMSS PROJECT NMMSS UPGRADE SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT PLAN September 2001 Doc No: 135-PL-300A Revision: 1 REVIEWS AND APPROVALS Prepared by: _____________________________ ___________________________ xxxxx Date Software Project Manager _____________________________ ___________________________ xxxxx Date End-User Representative _____________________________ ___________________________ xxxxx Date Security Manager _____________________________ ___________________________ xxxxx Date Software Project Manager's Manager _____________________________ __________________________ xxxxx Date Vice President, Quality Approved by: _____________________________ __________________________

183

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of the Executive Secretariat Document Online Coordination System (DOCS) Systems Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) October, 1998 U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Assistant Secretary of Human Resources Administration Deputy Assistant Secretary for Information Management Operations, Management, Systems Support, and Customer Service Groups Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION ...............................................................................................................................................4 1.1. PURPOSE.........................................................................................................................................................4 1.2. SCOPE.............................................................................................................................................................4

184

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sensor Evaluation for a Robotic In Line Inspection Vehicle for Sensor Evaluation for a Robotic In Line Inspection Vehicle for Detection of Natural Gas Pipeline Defects and Leaks Final Report February 2003 Submitted by Michael Hassard and Gerald Stoker Advanced Diagnostics and Production Testing Department Sandia National Laboratories P.O. Box 5800, MS 0555 And Mark Vaughn and Bob Bickerstaff Mobile Robotics Department Sandia National Laboratories P.O. Box 5800, MS1125 Albuquerque, NM 87185 This work was sponsored by The Strategic Center for Natural Gas Natural Gas Infrastructure Reliability Program, Natural Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), DOE Office of Fossil Energy ABSTRACT When examining the condition of a pipeline, In-Line Inspection (ILI) utilizing various Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) methods is an essential tool and a significant factor in establishing a quality management

185

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PIER Lighting Research Program Project 3.1 Retrofit Fluorescent Dimming with Integrated Lighting Controls FINAL REPORT Consultant Report November 2004 500-01-041-A-5 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor Deliverable 3.1.10 Final Report LBNL/Architectural Energy Corporation PIER Lighting Research Program 2 500-01-041 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Prepared By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Frances Rubinstein, Project Lead Berkeley, CA Managed By: Architectural Energy Corporation Judie Porter Program Director Boulder, CO CEC Contract # 500-01-041 Prepared For: Don Aumann Contract Manager Nancy Jenkins PIER Buildings Program Manager

186

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... about when a technique developed for one type of investigation is applied to another. Radio astronomy is an excellent example of this. During the past seven years the use of ... radio stars' which emit strongly in the radio-frequency portion of the spectrum."Radio Astronomy", by A. C. B. Lovell and J. A. Clegg, gives an ...

J. A. RATCLIFFE

1953-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

187

will recall about 3.8 million cars and trucks to reshape and/ or replace products are genuinely defective: Yardena Arar, PC World, June 2, 2008 4:00 pm

DeHon, André

188

21, 23. 8.5 Applications. Conservation laws, Euler's equation for a perfect fluid, Heat equation, Maxwell's equations. An avalanche of applications. Problems. p.

1910-90-40T23:59:59.000Z

189

Sustainable Materials Course Outline

, embodied energy; environmental footprint, waste recycling and pollution minimization, life cycle assessment Science and Engineering (Building E8) Phone: 9385 5025 j.q.zhang@unsw.edu.au Consultation hours: by appointment To be advised School of Materials Science and Engineering (Building E8) Consultation hours

New South Wales, University of

190

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1992 and is administered by the Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA). Information on the...

191

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrument for Airborne Remote Sensing of Transmission Instrument for Airborne Remote Sensing of Transmission Pipeline Leaks Final Report August 2004 Submitted by Thomas A. Reichardt, Sanjay Devdas, and Thomas J. Kulp Diagnostics and Remote Sensing Department Sandia National Laboratories P.O. Box 969, MS 9056 Livermore, CA 94551 and Wayne Einfeld Environmental Monitoring and Characterization Department Sandia National Laboratories P.O. Box 5800, MS 0755 Albuquerque, NM 87185 This work was sponsored by The Strategic Center for Natural Gas, Natural Gas Infrastructure Reliability Program, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), DOE Office of Fossil Energy Abstract The pipeline industry would benefit considerably from the development of systems that could provide early warning capabilities for major pipeline integrity and safety issues indicated by

192

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

INEEL/EXT-04-02482 INEEL/EXT-04-02482 U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity NYPA/TH!NK Clean Commute Program Report - Inception through May 2004 TECHNICAL REPORT Don Karner James Francfort Randall Solomon November 2004 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC INEEL/EXT-04-02482 U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity NYPA/TH!NK Clean Commute Program Report - Inception through May 2004 Don Karner 1 James Francfort 2 Randall Solomon 3 November 2004 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Transportation Technology and Infrastructure Department Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415

193

HOW TO DISPATCH OBSERVERS TO TRACK AN EVOLVING BOUNDARY Tingting Jiang and Carlo Tomasi

boundary of a large phenomenon such as an oil spill, a fire, a hurricane, air or water pollution, or EL Ni it necessary to dispatch a limited number of observers (ships, vehicles, or air- planes with cameras; field~no. This pa- per develops a new framework for controlling the movements of the observers to maximize

Tomasi, Carlo

194

Three-Dimensional Nonreflecting Boundary Conditions for Swirling Flow in Turbomachinery

Three-Dimensional Nonreflecting Boundary Conditions for Swirling Flow in Turbomachinery Pierre turbomachinery problems. Based on the use of precalculated far-field acoustic eigenmodes for a mean flow THERE are different approaches to analyze turbomachinery unsteadiness. These methods vary from the use of linearized

Giles, Mike

195

Free boundary n=1 magnetohydrodynamic modes in spheromaks with line tying

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Wall stabilization of the free boundary n=1 magnetohydrodynamic modes of the spheromak has been studied numerically. Line tying of the open field lines has been found to improve stability dramatically. The dependence of stability on separatrix shape and current profile has also been determined.

John Finn and Allan Reiman

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

On asymptotic effects of boundary perturbations in exponentially shaped Josephson junctions

A parabolic integro differential operator L, suitable to describe many phenomena in various physical fields, is considered. By means of equivalence between L and the third order equation describing the evolution inside an exponentially shaped Josephson junction (ESJJ), an asymptotic analysis for (ESJJ) is achieved, explicitly evaluating, boundary contributions related to the Dirichlet problem.

Monica De Angelis; Pasquale Renno

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

197

Shock-like structures in the tropical cyclone boundary layer Gabriel J. Williams,1

the horizontal and vertical velocity data shown by the blue curves in Figure 1. The extreme horizontal wind m in the northeast sector. Since these extreme structures in the boundary layer wind field occur produces a shock-like structure in the radial wind, i.e., near the radius of maximum tangential wind

Schubert, Wayne H.

198

Concentration profiles across twin boundaries in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}}

Twin boundaries in polycrystalline YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}} have been studied by atom-probe field-ion microscopy. Oxygen depletion at a twin boundary in a {delta}=0.6 material was observed. The width of the depleted region was 6{endash}7 nm. It agrees well with the width of oxygen depletion calculated from the oxygen-depleted twin boundary model by Jou and Washburn. However, a twin boundary in a {delta}=0.9 material did not show any oxygen depletion. This study provides direct evidence of oxygen depletion at twin boundaries in polycrystalline YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}} ceramics. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Hu, Q.; Stiller, K.; Olsson, E.; Andren, H. [Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Goeteborg, S-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)] [Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Goeteborg, S-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden); Berastegui, P.; Johansson, L. [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Goeteborg, S-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)] [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Goeteborg, S-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

are combined to determine the dependence of metal silicide precipitate formation on grain boundary character and microstructure in multicrystalline silicon mc-Si . Metal silicide precipitate decoration is observed to increase the local metal silicide precipitate concentrations at various types of grain boundaries, identifying clear

200

Wireless boundary monitor system and method

A wireless boundary monitor system used to monitor the integrity of a boundary surrounding an area uses at least two housings having at least one transmitting means for emitting ultrasonic pressure waves to a medium. Each of the housings has a plurality of receiving means for sensing the pressure waves in the medium. The transmitting means and the receiving means of each housing are aimable and communicably linked. At least one of the housings is equipped with a local alarm means for emitting a first alarm indication whereby, when the pressure waves propagating from a transmitting means to a receiving means are sufficiently blocked by an object a local alarm means or a remote alarm means or a combination thereof emit respective alarm indications. The system may be reset either manually or automatically. This wireless boundary monitor system has useful applications in both indoor and outdoor environments.

Haynes, Howard D. (Knoxville, TN); Ayers, Curtis W. (Kingston, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

201

Phase boundary detection for dilution refrigerators

We describe a device to conveniently measure the positions of the phase boundaries in a dilution refrigerator. We show how a simple modification of a standard capacitive level gauge (segmentation of one of the electrodes) permits a direct calibration of the capacitance versus phase boundary position. We compare this direct calibration with the indirect procedure that must be adopted for a conventional capacitive level gauge. The device facilitates the correct adjustment of the {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He fraction in the dilution refrigerator.

Haar, E. ter; Martin, R.V. [DFMT, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66.318, 05315-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Courts Soccer Field Swimming pool Bandeen Hall Mountain House # 3 # 2 Golf Course Security Patterson Hall.B. Scott Arena Library Centennial Theater Mc Greer Hall Pollack Hall New Johnson Science Building Dewhurst Dining Hall Champlain Regional College # 4 Mackinnon Hall Residence # 6 Memorial House Retired Faculty

203

Wind Structure in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer

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13 May 1971 research-article Wind Structure in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer...semi-empirical laws for the variation of mean wind speed with height and for the statistical...provide some useful ordering of the mean wind profile characteristics in relation to...

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

TURBULENCE IN SUPERSONIC AND HYPERSONIC BOUNDARY LAYERS

TURBULENCE IN SUPERSONIC AND HYPERSONIC BOUNDARY LAYERS Alexander J. Smits and M. Pino Martin in supersonic and hypersonic flow where the effects of compressibility have a direct influence on the turbulence. Experimental and DNS results are presented and compared. Key words: Turbulence, supersonic, hypersonic, shocks

Martín, Pino

205

In our recent work [H. Zhang, F.X. Trias, A. Oliva, D. Yang, Y. Tan, Y. Sheng. PIBM: Particulate immersed boundary method for fluid-particle interaction problems. Powder Technology. 272(2015), 1-13.], a particulate immersed boundary method (PIBM) for simulating fluid-particle multiphase flow was proposed and assessed in both two- and three-dimensional applications. In this study, the PIBM was extended to solve thermal interaction problems between spherical particles and fluid. The Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) was adopted to solve the fluid flow and temperature fields, the PIBM was responsible for the non-slip velocity and temperature boundary conditions at the particle surface, and the kinematics and trajectory of the solid particles were evaluated by the Discrete Element Method (DEM). Four case studies were implemented to demonstrate the capability of the current coupling scheme. Firstly, numerical simulation of natural convection in a two-dimensional square cavity with an isothermal concentric annulus was...

Zhang, Hao; Trias, F Xavier; Yu, Aibing; Tan, Yuanqiang; Oliva, Assensi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Longitudinal Magnetoresistance of Thin Metallic Films with Partially Specular Boundary Scattering

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The longitudinal magnetoresistance of a thin metal film has been calculated using Chambers's method. It is assumed that the electron Fermi surface as well as the bulk mean-free path are spherically symmetric. Contrary to previous work based on the assumption of wholly diffuse surface scattering, we consider that scattering of electrons at the boundaries is partially specular. Explicit magnetoresistance curves have been calculated by numerical integration. It is found that low-field magnetoresistance depends quite sensitively on the fraction of specularly reflected electrons at the boundaries (?). The resistance may change an order of magnitude between ?=0 and ?=0. 9 in contrast to the corresponding ? 10% variations in surface impedance associated with the anomalous skin effect. It is proposed that direct comparison between experimental data and the computed curves will yield information on the nature of boundary scattering.

Yuan-Shun Way and Yi-Han Kao

1972-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Casimir Pistons for Massive Scalar Fields

The Casimir force on two-dimensional pistons for massive scalar fields with both Dirichlet and hybrid boundary conditions is computed. The physical result is obtained by making use of generalized $\\zeta$-function regularization technique. The influence of the mass and the position of the piston in the force is studied graphically. The Casimir force for massive scalar field is compared to that for massless scalar field.

Xiang-hua Zhai; Yan-yan Zhang; Xin-zhou Li

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Singular lines of one-dimensional force-free magnetic field

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The behavior of adiabatically slow deformations of the force-free field is investigated. Using the linear approximation it ... of boundary perturbations of one-dimensional force-free field there appear singular magnetic

N. A. Bobrova; S. I. Syrovatskii

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Moving observers, nonorthogonal boundaries, and quasilocal energy

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The popular Hamilton-Jacobi method first proposed by Brown and York for defining quasilocal quantities such as energy for spatially bound regions assumes that the timelike boundary is orthogonal to the foliation of the spacetime. Such a restriction is undesirable for both theoretical and computational reasons. We remove the orthogonality assumption and show that it is more natural to focus on the foliation of the timelike boundary rather than the foliation of the entire four dimensional bound region. Reference spacetimes which define additional terms in the action are discussed in detail. To demonstrate this new formulation, we calculate the quasilocal energies seen by observers who are moving with respect to a Schwarzschild black hole.

I. S. Booth and R. B. Mann

1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

210

Viscous drag reduction in boundary layers

The present volume discusses the development status of stability theory for laminar flow control design, applied aspects of laminar-flow technology, transition delays using compliant walls, the application of CFD to skin friction drag-reduction, active-wave control of boundary-layer transitions, and such passive turbulent-drag reduction methods as outer-layer manipulators and complex-curvature concepts. Also treated are such active turbulent drag-reduction technique applications as those pertinent to MHD flow drag reduction, as well as drag reduction in liquid boundary layers by gas injection, drag reduction by means of polymers and surfactants, drag reduction by particle addition, viscous drag reduction via surface mass injection, and interactive wall-turbulence control.

Bushnell, D.M.; Hefner, J.N.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Type I background fields in terms of type IIB ones

We choose such boundary conditions for open IIB superstring theory which preserve N=1 SUSY. The explicite solution of the boundary conditions yields effective theory which is symmetric under world-sheet parity transformation $\\Omega:\\sigma\\to-\\sigma$. We recognize effective theory as closed type I superstring theory. Its background fields,beside known $\\Omega$ even fields of the initial IIB theory, contain improvements quadratic in $\\Omega$ odd ones.

B. Nikolic; B. Sazdovic

2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

212

[0268] First Galley Proofs MULTIPLICITIES, BOUNDARY POINTS,

, multiplicity, extreme point, sharp point, boundary point. c Ð , Zagreb Paper OaM-0268 1 #12;2 W.S. CHEUNG NUMERICAL RANGES WAI-SHUN CHEUNG, XUHUA LIU AND TIN-YAU TAM (Communicated by C.-K. Li) Abstract, XUHUA LIU AND T.Y. TAM Given W(A), Embry [8] introduced M = M (A) := {x Cn : x Ax = x x}. In general

Tam, Tin-Yau

213

, Fundamentals of signals and systems. Singapore: McGraw-Hill, 2008. [5] Steven T. Karris, Signals and Systems://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinc_function [9] M. Spiegel, S. Lipschutz, J. Liu, Schaum's Outline of Mathematical Handbook of Formulas communications: fundamentals and applications. Prentice Hall, 2nd-edition, 2001. [13] J. G. Proakis, Digital

Kovintavewat, Piya

214

A Binary Linear Programming Approach for LCA System Boundary Identification

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One of the very first steps in conducting life cycle assessment (LCA) is system boundaries identification. A binary ... boundary between significant and insignificant processes in a LCA study. The proposed model ...

Feri Afrinaldi; Hong-Chao Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Analysis of Convergence Boundaries Observed during IHOP_2002

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An analysis of six convergence boundaries observed during the International H2O Project (IHOP_2002) is presented. The detailed kinematic and thermodynamic structure of these boundaries was examined using data collected by an airborne Doppler ...

Roger M. Wakimoto; Hanne V. Murphey

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Technology adaptation and boundary management in bona fide virtual groups.

In this research project composed of multiple case studies, I focused on how bona fide virtual groups appropriated multiple media to facilitate group boundary construction and boundary management, which are preconditions of group identity formation...

Zhang, Huiyan

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

217

Internal gravity waves and hyperbolic boundary-value problems

Some of the following aspects will be discussed: energy production and characteristic wave beams; radiation conditions; boundary integral equations.

218

FIELD-BASED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: JUST IN TIME TECHNOLOGY TRAINING

FIELD-BASED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: JUST IN TIME TECHNOLOGY TRAINING Sarah Irvine Belson1 and Teresa, Audio Technology, and Physics, American University, 4400 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20016, tlarkin@american.edu Abstract -- This paper outlines the current status of technology integration

Larkin, Teresa L.

219

Electron Cyclotron Heating in a Non-Uniform Magnetic Field

Electron Cyclotron Heating in a Non-Uniform Magnetic Field by J.e. Sprott December 1968 Presented pulse. IN1RODUCTION Most previous theories of electron cyclotron resonance heating have dealt primarily will outline a simple theoretical model which can be used to estimate the electron cyclotron heating rate

Sprott, Julien Clinton

220

A System Level Boundary Scan Controller Board for VME Applications

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In this article an application of boundary scan test at system level is analyzed. The objective is met through the description of the design and implementation options of a VME boundary scan controller board prototype and the corresponding software. ... Keywords: ATPG, IEEE 1149.1 boundary scan test, board level test and system level test

Nuno Cardoso; Carlos Beltrn Almeida; Jos Carlos Da Silva

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

221

Martin boundary for some symmetric Levy processes Renming Song

discontinuous symmetric L´evy processes in Rd . We show that, if D Rd is an open set which is -fat at a boundary point Q D, then there is exactly one Martin boundary point associated with Q and this Martin of an open set D is an abstract boundary introduced in 1941 by Martin [26] so that every nonnegative

Song, Renming

222

An approach for solving of a moving boundary problem

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In this paper we shall study moving boundary problems, and we introduce an approach for solving a wide range of them by using calculus of variations and optimization. First, we transform the problem equivalently into an optimal control problem by defining ... Keywords: Stefan problems, free and moving boundary problems, measure theory, nonlinear PDE, nonlinear boundary value problems, optimal control

Hadi Basirzadeh; Ali Vahidian Kamyad

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Global Team Boundary Complexity: A Social Network Perspective

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In this paper we propose and develop a "global team boundary complexity" construct based on coordination and complexity theories, to quantify the complexity of the global collaboration environment, from a coordination perspective. The construct contains ... Keywords: Global teams, virtual teams, global team boundaries, team boundary complexity, social networs

J. Alberto Espinosa; Gwanhoo Lee; William DeLone

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

ANNIVERSARY REVIEW Grain boundary energy anisotropy: a review

grain boundary energy anisot- ropy. Experimental methods for measuring the grain boundary energy. The paper contains a brief survey of historical concepts and grain boundary energy measurements. Next an excess free energy per unit area. This is evident by the fact that during most thermal and chemical

Rohrer, Gregory S.

225

Numerical Study of Freestream Waves Receptivity and Nonlinear Breakdown in Hypersonic Boundary Layer

Numerical Methods for Hypersonic Boundary Layer Stability.of Instability in a Hypersonic Boundary Layer. TheoreticalA. P. , Receptivity of Hypersonic Boundary Layer to Wall

Lei, Jia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

The {\\em abstract boundary\\/} (or {\\em {\\em a\\/}-boundary\\/}) of Scott and Szekeres \\cite{Scott94} constitutes a ``boundary'' to any $n$-dimensional, paracompact, connected, Hausdorff, $C^\\infty$-manifold (without a boundary in the usual sense). In general relativity one deals with a {\\em space-% time\\/} $(\\cM,g)$ (a 4-dimensional manifold $\\cM$ with a Lorentzian metric $g$), together with a chosen preferred class of curves in $\\cM$. In this case the {\\em a\\/}-boundary points may represent ``singularities'' or ``points at infinity''. Since the {\\em a\\/}-boundary itself, however, does not depend on the existence of further structure on the manifold such as a Lorentzian metric or connection, it is possible for it to be used in many contexts. In this paper we develop some purely topological properties of abstract boundary sets and abstract boundary points ({\\em a\\/}-boundary points). We prove, amongst other things, that compactness is invariant under boundary set equivalence, and introduce another invariant concept ({\\em isolation\\/}), which encapsulates the notion that a boundary set is ``separated'' from other boundary points of the same embedding. ....... [The abstract continues in paper proper - truncated to fit here.

Christopher J. Fama; Susan M. Scott

1994-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

227

Moving-boundary approximation for curved streamer ionization fronts: Numerical tests

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently a moving boundary approximation for the minimal model for negative streamer ionization fronts was extended with effects due to front curvature; this was done through a systematic solvability analysis. A central prediction of this analysis is the existence of a nonvanishing electric field in the streamer interior, whose value is proportional to the front curvature. In this paper we compare this result and other predictions of the solvability analysis with numerical simulations of the minimal model.

Fabian Brau, Alejandro Luque, Benny Davidovitch, and Ute Ebert

2009-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

228

Periodic Boundary Conditions in the ALEGRA Finite Element Code

This document describes the implementation of periodic boundary conditions in the ALEGRA finite element code. ALEGRA is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian multi-physics code with both explicit and implicit numerical algorithms. The periodic boundary implementation requires a consistent set of boundary input sets which are used to describe virtual periodic regions. The implementation is noninvasive to the majority of the ALEGRA coding and is based on the distributed memory parallel framework in ALEGRA. The technique involves extending the ghost element concept for interprocessor boundary communications in ALEGRA to additionally support on- and off-processor periodic boundary communications. The user interface, algorithmic details and sample computations are given.

AIDUN,JOHN B.; ROBINSON,ALLEN C.; WEATHERBY,JOE R.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Instantons near a tachyonic top in anti de Sitter and the no-boundary regulator

We investigate instantons near the tachyonic top in the anti de Sitter (AdS) background. If the mass around the hill-top is above the Breitenlohner-Freedman (BF) bound, then the top is classically stable. When the BF bound is satisfied, it is already known that there can exist instantons with a non-zero probability, though fine-tunings of the potential are required. On the other hand, we may consider the possibility to obtain instantons with a non-zero probability for more natural shape of potentials. We found that the no-boundary regulator is useful to assign a non-zero probability for general instantons near the tachyonic top within a consistent framework. To use the no-boundary regulator, we need to introduce the complexification of fields. One interesting feature is that, for these AdS instantons, the classicality may not be satisfied after the Wick rotation and hence after the nucleation. This magnifies a novel difference between dS and AdS; a semi-classical boundary observer in AdS may notice the dispersion of quantum fields as a kind of uncertainty, while every semi-classical observers in dS are classicalized individually and hence there is no semi-classical observer who can see the quantum dispersion of the scalar field.

Bum-Hoon Lee; Wonwoo Lee; Daeho Ro; Dong-han Yeom

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

230

Grain boundary characterization in an X750 alloy

Grain boundary chemistry in an X750 Ni alloy was analyzed by atom probe tomography in an effort to clarify the possible roles of elemental segregation and carbide presence on the stress corrosion cracking behavior of Ni alloys. Two types of cracks are observed: straight cracks along twin boundaries and wavy cracks at general boundaries. It was found that carbides (M23C6 and TiC) are present at both twin and general boundaries, with comparable B and P segregation for all types of grain boundaries. Twin boundaries intercept ? precipitates while the general boundaries wave around the ? and carbide precipitates. Near a crack tip, oxidation takes place on the periphery of carbide precipitate.

Kevin Fisher; Sebastien Teysseyre; Emmanuelle Marquis

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Boundary layer response to wind gusts

of the wind tunnel sir stress caused by tbe addition of the in)actors, the decision was osde to use flew visuslstion ?echniques to detsreine if it wss possible to generate s lsuinar boundary layer on the flat plate. Loup black wss suspended in light..., 8. The data reduction procedure used in this thesis follcwed pxi- maxily the procsduxes of rafax'ence 8. Velocity fluctuations were detected using the constant current technique and computed based on square wave calibration. yor the constant...

Morland, Bruce Thomas

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

GRAIN BOUNDARY STRENGTHENING PROPERTIES OF TUNGSTEN ALLOYS

Density functional theory was employed to investigate grain boundary (GB) properties of W alloys. A range of substitutional solutes across the Periodic Table was investigated to understand the behavior of different electronic orbitals in changing the GB cleavage energy in the ?27a[110]{525} GB. A number of transition metals were predicted to enhance the GB cohesion. This includes Ru, Re, Os, Ir, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ti, Hf, Ta and Nb. While lanthanides, s and p elements were tended to cause GB embrittlement.

Setyawan, Wahyu; Kurtz, Richard J.

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

233

ARM - Field Campaign - Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsPrecision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field Campaign govCampaignsPrecision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field Campaign Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field Campaign 2003.04.02 - 2003.09.02 Lead Scientist : Marc Fischer For data sets, see below. Description Ecosystem-atmosphere exchange of carbon, water, and energy varies with climate, soil, and land management, in ways 1) that influence the CO2 flux and planetary boundary layer CO2 concentration in ARM CART and 2) that we can model and predict. This activity repeated portable flux system measurements that we performed in spring 2002, by continuing measurements of the spatial heterogeneity of carbon, water, and energy fluxes in fields surrounding the ARM SGP Central Facility (CF).

234

Hamilton flow generated by field lines near a toroidal magnetic surface

A method is described for obtaining the Hamiltonian of a vacuum magnetic field in a given 3D toroidal magnetic surface (superconducting shell). This method is used to derive the expression for the integrable surface Hamiltonian in the form of the expansion of a rotational transform of field lines on embedded near-boundary magnetic surfaces into a Taylor series in the distance from the boundary. This expansion contains the value of the rotational transform and its shear at the boundary surface. It is shown that these quantities are related to the components of the first and second quadratic forms of the boundary surface.

Skovoroda, A. A., E-mail: skovorod@nfi.kiae.ru [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

Study of the electric field generated by the high voltage substations

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper outlines the results of a study regarding the electromagnetic field generated by a 400 kV high voltage (HV) substation belonging to the Romanian national Power Grid Company Transelectrica SA. In the first part of the paper, a semi-analytical ... Keywords: HV substations, computation, electromagnetic field, human exposure, limits

Calin Munteanu; Vasile Topa; Marius Purcar; Laura Grindei; Adina Racasan

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Effects of Solute and Vacancy Segregation on Migration of a/4 and a/2 Antiphase Boundaries in Fe?Al

The effects of segregation of solute atoms and vacancies on migration of a/4?1 1 1? and a/2?1 0 0? antiphase domain boundaries (APDBs) in stoichiometric Fe3Al at various temperatures are studied using a phase-field model ...

Allen, Samuel Miller

237

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......these problems the elementary potential is of the...three-dimensional problem the elementary potential is of the...or without contact resistance at the boundary, have...region with contact resistance. The proof of the...Suppose that there is an electric field with potential......

M. E. RAYNER

1953-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Acoustic boundary layer and acoustic radiation from a ribbed flat plate

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic boundary?layer theory(patterned after the viscous boundary?layer theory) is derived by noting that for low frequencies where the structural wavelength is much less than the fluid acoustic wavelength there is a region about the vibrating structure which behaves as if the fluid was incompressible. The dimension of this region depends upon the particular conditions of the problem. In a paper presented by the author [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62 S32(A) (1977)] the theory behind the acoustic boundary layer was developed and applied to simple unit problems. In this paper the near and the far field of a force driven plate is obtained by the use of the acoustic boundary?layer theory. Two different problems are addressed. In the first instance the structure is assumed to be homogeneous while in the second problem presented a rib is attached to the flat plate. In both instances the fully coupled fluid structure problem is solved and comparisons between the exact classical approach and the proposed theory are discussed.

Mauro Pierucci

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Edge states and conformal boundary conditions in super spin chains and super sigma models

The sigma models on projective superspaces CP^{N+M-1|N} with topological angle theta=pi mod 2pi flow to non-unitary, logarithmic conformal field theories in the low-energy limit. In this paper, we determine the exact spectrum of these theories for all open boundary conditions preserving the full global symmetry of the model, generalizing recent work on the particular case M=0 [C. Candu et al, JHEP02(2010)015]. In the sigma model setting, these boundary conditions are associated with complex line bundles, and are labelled by an integer, related with the exact value of theta. Our approach relies on a spin chain regularization, where the boundary conditions now correspond to the introduction of additional edge states. The exact values of the exponents then follow from a lengthy algebraic analysis, a reformulation of the spin chain in terms of crossing and non-crossing loops (represented as a certain subalgebra of the Brauer algebra), and earlier results on the so-called one- and two-boundary Temperley Lieb algeb...

Bondesan, Roberto; Saleur, Hubert

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Edge states and conformal boundary conditions in super spin chains and super sigma models

The sigma models on projective superspaces CP^{N+M-1|N} with topological angle theta=pi mod 2pi flow to non-unitary, logarithmic conformal field theories in the low-energy limit. In this paper, we determine the exact spectrum of these theories for all open boundary conditions preserving the full global symmetry of the model, generalizing recent work on the particular case M=0 [C. Candu et al, JHEP02(2010)015]. In the sigma model setting, these boundary conditions are associated with complex line bundles, and are labelled by an integer, related with the exact value of theta. Our approach relies on a spin chain regularization, where the boundary conditions now correspond to the introduction of additional edge states. The exact values of the exponents then follow from a lengthy algebraic analysis, a reformulation of the spin chain in terms of crossing and non-crossing loops (represented as a certain subalgebra of the Brauer algebra), and earlier results on the so-called one- and two-boundary Temperley Lieb algebras (also known as blob algebras). A remarkable result is that the exponents, in general, turn out to be irrational. The case M=1 has direct applications to the spin quantum Hall effect, which will be discussed in a sequel.

Roberto Bondesan; Jesper Lykke Jacobsen; Hubert Saleur

2011-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

241

Magnetic Field Generation by Detonation Waves

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple model is given for the spontaneous magnetic field generation by a detonation wave in condensed matter. The field is shown to arise from the noncollinearity of the thermal and electron density gradients near a medium boundary at the detonation shock front. The model allows calculation of approximate values for the field strength at the front and penetration ahead of the detonation wave. For typical explosive media interfaced by air the magnetic field is predicted to lie in the range 0.1 to 15 G.

Michael J. Frankel and Edward T. Toton

1979-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

242

Finite-Size Effects on the Structure of Grain Boundaries

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a combined experimental and theoretical analysis of the structure of finite-sized ?3 {112} grain boundaries in Au. High-resolution electron microscopy shows lattice translations at the grain boundary, with the magnitude of the translation varying along the finite-sized grain boundaries. The presence of this structural profile is explained using continuum elasticity theory and first-principles calculations as originating from a competition between elastic energy and the energy cost of forming continuous {111} planes across the boundary. This competition leads to a structural transition between offset-free and nontrivial grain boundary structures at a critical grain boundary size, in agreement with the experiments. We also provide a method to estimate the energy barrier of the ? surface.

E. A. Marquis; J. C. Hamilton; D. L. Medlin; F. Lonard

2004-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

243

Arc Flash Boundary Calculations Using Computer Software Tools

Arc Flash Protection boundary calculations have become easier to perform with the availability of personal computer software. These programs incorporate arc flash protection boundary formulas for different voltage and current levels, calculate the bolted fault current at each bus, and use built in time-current coordination curves to determine the clearing time of protective devices in the system. Results of the arc flash protection boundary calculations can be presented in several different forms--as an annotation to the one-line diagram, as a table of arc flash protection boundary distances, and as printed placards to be attached to the appropriate equipment. Basic arc flash protection boundary principles are presented in this paper along with several helpful suggestions for performing arc flash protection boundary calculations.

Gibbs, M.D.

2005-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

244

Unified boundary and probabilistic power flow

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Different types of uncertainties exist in system data. Outages, errors in load forecasts and renewable generations are generally represented as probabilistic uncertainties. Load model coefficients and network parameters, on the other hand, are best represented as interval uncertainties. Irrespective of the nature of these uncertainties, all of them need to be considered in an integrated manner for proper system analysis. This paper tries to fulfill this precise need. By utilizing the synergy of boundary and probabilistic power flow algorithms, development of efficient line outage simulation and use of constant Jacobian approach, the computational burden has been kept to a manageable level. The proposed approach can be used for both transmission and distribution systems. Results for two transmission and one distribution systems have been obtained with various types of uncertainties. Validation of results has been done through the Monte Carlo Simulations (MCS).

A. Mohapatra; P.R. Bijwe; B.K. Panigrahi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Mineralogical effects on the detectability of the postperovskite boundary

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...systems (San Carlos olivine and MgSiO3-Fe2O3), a narrow boundary (100 ZZQQhy300 km...MgSiO3-FeSiO3, and MgSiO3-Al2O3-Fe2O3), demonstrating that the...the Pv pPv boundary in MgSiO3-Al2O3-Fe2O3 ternary system give a shallower boundary...

Brent Grocholski; Krystle Catalli; Sang-Heon Shim; Vitali Prakapenka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

New exact solution of Dirac-Coulomb equation with exact boundary condition

It usually writes the boundary condition of the wave equation in the Coulomb field as a rough form without considering the size of the atomic nucleus. The rough expression brings on that the solutions of the Klein-Gordon equation and the Dirac equation with the Coulomb potential are divergent at the origin of the coordinates, also the virtual energies, when the nuclear charges number Z > 137, meaning the original solutions do not satisfy the conditions for determining solution. Any divergences of the wave functions also imply that the probability density of the meson or the electron would rapidly increase when they are closing to the atomic nucleus. What it predicts is not a truth that the atom in ground state would rapidly collapse to the neutron-like. We consider that the atomic nucleus has definite radius and write the exact boundary condition for the hydrogen and hydrogen-like atom, then newly solve the radial Dirac-Coulomb equation and obtain a new exact solution without any mathematical and physical difficulties. Unexpectedly, the K value constructed by Dirac is naturally written in the barrier width or the equivalent radius of the atomic nucleus in solving the Dirac equation with the exact boundary condition, and it is independent of the quantum energy. Without any divergent wave function and the virtual energies, we obtain a new formula of the energy levels that is different from the Dirac formula of the energy levels in the Coulomb field.

Ruida Chen

2007-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

247

Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Indirect and direct In this article we present electric field, magnetic field, and charged particle observations from the upward current region of the aurora focusing on the structure of electric fields at the boundary between

California at Berkeley, University of

248

Outline Kac-Moody groups and their buildings Analogy with arithmetic groups Simplicity of non-affine Kac-Moody lattices Su A family of simple groups acting on buildings Affine vs non-affine buildings groups acting on buildings #12;Outline Kac-Moody groups and their buildings Analogy with arithmetic

Remy, Bertrand

249

Boundary Conditions for Free Interfaces with the Lattice Boltzmann Method

In this paper we analyze the boundary treatment of the Lattice Boltzmann method for simulating 3D flows with free surfaces. The widely used free surface boundary condition of K\\"orner et al. (2005) is shown to be first order accurate. The article presents new free surface boundary schemes that are suitable for the lattice Boltzmann method and that have second order spatial accuracy. The new method takes the free boundary position and orientation with respect to the computational lattice into account. Numerical experiments confirm the theoretical findings and illustrate the the difference between the old and the new method.

Bogner, Simon; Rde, Ulrich

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

A robust and accurate outflow boundary condition for ...

Jan 3, 2014 ... expressions (18a)(18c) satisfy Eq. (3) on the outflow boundaries. ..... formation region marks the initial position of fully shed vortex and the...

S. Dong

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Microconvection effects at double?diffusive gradient zone boundaries

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microconvection in double?diffusive gradient zones is predicted to occur near the zone boundaries because of effects of boundary undulation and temperature modulation caused by impinging thermals in adjacent convecting zones. The equations that govern convective motion in a double?diffusive horizontal slab are solved for boundary conditions that incorporate these effects. Solution of these equations predicts a weakened salinity gradient near the gradient zone boundary between the rising thermals. When the salinity gradient is too weak instability occurs taking the form of descending plumes which are seen in experiments.

John R. Hull; Yojana Katti

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Boundary mixing and nutrient fluxes in Mono Lake, California

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we inferred that most heat flux occurred due to boundary mixing at the base of the pycnocline ..... squares fit of the power spectral densities of the temperature-.

1999-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

253

General Schema for [001] Tilt Grain Boundaries in Dense Packing...

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

as showing the frustration of symmetry caused by the incorporation of point defects (vacancies and impurities). This general model for grain boundary structures can, in principle,...

254

Modelling the Effect of Ocean Waves on the Atmospheric and Ocean Boundary Layers

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ocean waves, in addition to generating direct forces on fixed and floating offshore wind generator structures, also have significant indirect effects via their influence on the atmospheric and oceanic boundary layers above and below the water surface. In the atmospheric boundary layer the waves act as roughness elements, influencing the turbulent flow and the vertical wind speed profile, and induce oscillatory motions in the airflow. Spray droplets from breaking wave crests enhance structure corrosion, and may lead to icing under low-temperature conditions. Below the water surface, the air-sea momentum flux and mechanical energy flux, mediated by the waves and wave-generated turbulence, affect the vertical profiles of ocean current, temperature, and salinity. Effects include modifying the structural forces and dynamics, and the movement and dispersion of marine organisms, pollutants, and air bubbles generated by breaking waves, with consequences for fouling, corrosion, and environmental impact. Measurement of relevant airflow and ocean dynamical variables is also challenging, as near the water surface it is often necessary to use instruments mounted on moving measurement platforms. Modelling such boundary-layer effects is a complex task, as a result of feedbacks between the airflow, wave field, current field, and turbulence in the atmosphere and the ocean. We present results from a coupled model study of the North Sea and Norwegian Sea area. We employ a mesoscale atmosphere model (WRF) and a spectral wave model (WAM), running simultaneously and coupled using the open-source coupler MCEL which can interpolate between different model grids and time steps. To investigate the ocean boundary layer, one-dimensional model experiments were performed for an idealized Ekman layer and for locations in the North Sea, Atlantic Ocean, and the northern Pacific, using a version of the GOTM turbulence model, modified to take wave dynamics into account. Results show how the wave field alters the ocean's aerodynamic roughness and the airsea momentum flux, depending on the relation between the surface wind speed and the propagation speed of the wave crests (the wave age). These effects will feed back into the airflow, wind speed and turbulence profile in the boundary layer. The ocean dynamics experiments showed results which compare favourably with field observations from the LOTUS3 and PROVESS experiments in the north Atlantic and North Sea, and Ocean Weather Station Papa in the Pacific Ocean.

Alastair D. Jenkins; Mostafa Bakhoday Paskyabi; Ilker Fer; Alok Gupta; Muralidhar Adakudlu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Killing Initial Data on spacelike conformal boundaries

We analyze Killing Initial Data on Cauchy surfaces in conformally rescaled vacuum space-times satisfying Friedrich's conformal field equations. As an application, we derive the KID equations on a spacelike $\\mathcal{J}^-$.

Tim-Torben Paetz

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

256

High resolution properties of the marine atmospheric boundary layer

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) participated in the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) by fielding a water-vapor Raman lidar on board the Research Vessel Vickers. The lidar measured water vapor concentration from the surface to lower tropospheric altitudes in order to support the CEPEX goal of evaluating a hypothesis regarding feedback mechanisms for global circulation models. This report describes some of the features observed within the marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer (ABL) and the lower troposphere. Data was collected continuously 24 hours per day over the equatorial Pacific from March 8th to March 2 1st of 1993 while in route between Guadalcanal and Christmas Island (the transect was at approximately 2{degree} south latitude). The lidar collected vertical transects of water vapor concentration up to 10 km during night operations and 4 km in the day. The vertical lidar profiles of water vapor were produced by summing the data over a period up to 600 seconds. The water-vapor Raman lidar measured the properties of the marine ABL as well as the lower and mid-troposphere. From the lidar water vapor profiles, ``images`` of water vapor concentration versus altitude and date or sea surface temperature will be produced along with other products such as latent heat fluxes. The Raman water vapor lidar data will be used to better understand the role of transport and exchange at the ocean-atmosphere interface and throughout the marine atmosphere.

Cooper, D.; Cottingame, W.; Eichinger, W.; Forman, P.; Lebeda, C.; Poling, D.; Thorton, R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Unique topological characterization of braided magnetic fields

We introduce a topological flux function to quantify the topology of magnetic braids: non-zero, line-tied magnetic fields whose field lines all connect between two boundaries. This scalar function is an ideal invariant defined on a cross-section of the magnetic field, and measures the average poloidal magnetic flux around any given field line, or the average pairwise crossing number between a given field line and all others. Moreover, its integral over the cross-section yields the relative magnetic helicity. Using the fact that the flux function is also an action in the Hamiltonian formulation of the field line equations, we prove that it uniquely characterizes the field line mapping and hence the magnetic topology.

Yeates, A. R. [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Hornig, G. [Division of Mathematics, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN (United Kingdom)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Nonlinear boundary element analysis provides a more accurate and detailing tool for the design of switched reluctance machines, than the conventional equivalent-circuit methods. Design optimization through more detailed analysis and simulation can reduce development and prototyping costs and time to market. Firstly, magnetic field modeling of an industrial switched reluctance machine by boundary element method is reported in this paper. Secondly, performance prediction and dynamic simulation of motor and control design are presented. Thirdly, magnetic forces that cause noise and vibration are studied, to include the effects of motor and control design variations on noise in the design process. Testing of the motor in NEMA 215-Frame size is carried out to verify the accuracy of modeling and simulation.

Tang, Y.; Kline, J.A. Sr. [Emerson Motor Technology Center, St. Louis, MO (United States). U.S. Electrical Motors Div.] [Emerson Motor Technology Center, St. Louis, MO (United States). U.S. Electrical Motors Div.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

BRST invariant effective action of shadow fields, conformal fields, and AdS/CFT

Totally symmetric arbitrary spin massless and massive fields in AdS space are studied. For such fields, we obtain Lagrangians which are invariant under global BRST transformations. The Lagrangians are used for computation of partition functions and effective actions. We demonstrate that BRST invariant bulk action for massless field evaluated on the solution of Dirichlet problem for gauge massless fields and Faddeev-Popov fields leads to BRST invariant effective action for canonical shadow gauge fields and shadow Faddeev-Popov fields, while the BRST invariant bulk action for massive field evaluated on the solution of Dirichlet problem for gauge massive fields and Faddeev-Popov fields leads to BRST invariant effective action for anomalous shadow gauge fields and shadow Faddeev-Popov fields. The leading logarithmic divergence of the regularized effective action for the canonical shadow field leads to simple BRST invariant action of conformal field. We demonstrate that the Nakanishi-Laudrup fields entering the BRST invariant Lagrangian of conformal field can geometrically be interpreted as boundary values of massless AdS fields.

R. R. Metsaev

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

260

Upstream influence in boundary layers 45 years ago

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0) = M2 2 ikH(k); (2.19) because M(y) takes the value M2, given by equation (2.15), at the location (here rede ned as y = 0) where the inviscid boundary condition has to be satis ed. Also, at the edge y = of the boundary layer, disturbances...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

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261

Lattice Boltzmann method for moving boundaries Pierre Lallemand a

Lattice Boltzmann method for moving boundaries Pierre Lallemand a , Li-Shi Luo b,* a Laboratoire propose a lattice Boltzmann method to treat moving boundary problems for solid objects moving in a fluid the Galilean invariance of the lattice Boltzmann method. ? 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved

Luo, Li-Shi

262

Periodic Boundary Conditions for Dislocation Dynamics Simulations in Three Dimensions

, the choice of initial configurations compatible with PBC and a consistent treatment of image stress of PBC for large-scale DD simulations in 3D. INTRODUCTION Treatment of boundary conditions or external interface (surface, crack, grain or phase boundary, etc.), it is necessary to account for stress

Cai, Wei

263

Turbulence Structure and Wall Signature in Hypersonic Turbulent Boundary Layer

Turbulence Structure and Wall Signature in Hypersonic Turbulent Boundary Layer Yin-Chiu Kan , Clara and hypersonic turbulent boundary layer datasets from direct numerical simulation (DNS). Contour plots and Marusic5 and Mathis, Hutchins and Marusic16 ). In contrast to supersonic and hypersonic flow regimes

Martín, Pino

264

Analytic Functions in Smirnov Classes Ep Real Boundary Values

Analytic Functions in Smirnov Classes Ep with Real Boundary Values L. De Castro and D. Khavinson. [1] Ch. 10.) Definition 1. An analytic function f(z) in G is said to belong to the class Ep (G) for p known that for p 1 functions in Ep -classes can be represented as Cauchy integrals of their boundary

Khavinson, Dmitry

265

Numerical Simulation of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer

are coupled to the wave cycle; phases of accelerating ow organize the boundary layer structure, decelerating; Zhao and Anastasiou, 1993; Feddersen and Guza, 2000; and Rankin and Hires, 2000]; others have the boundary layer and induce an in ectional instability at ow reversal, while accelerations tend to organize

Slinn, Donald

266

Distribution of Grain Boundary Planes and Misorientations in Magnesium Oxide

Distribution of Grain Boundary Planes and Misorientations in Magnesium Oxide D.M. Saylor 1 , A distribution, magnesium oxide. Abstract. We have developed a technique that allows the geometry of polycrystalline magnesium oxide. Using these data, we have specified the distribution of grain boundaries within

Rohrer, Gregory S.

267

Model of Trace Gas Flux in Boundary Layer

Mathematical model of the turbulent flux in the three-layer boundary system is presented. Turbulence is described as a presence of the nonzero vorticity. Generalized advection-diffusion-reaction equation is derived for arbitrary number components in the flux. The fluxes in the layers are objects for matching requirements on the boundaries between the layers.

I. I. Vasenev; I. S. Nurgaliev

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

268

Computing nonlinear force free coronal magnetic fields

Knowledge of the structure of the coronal magnetic field is important for our understanding of many solar activity phenomena, e.g. flares and CMEs. However, the direct measurement of coronal magnetic fields is not possible with present methods, and therefore the coronal field has to be extrapolated from photospheric measurements. Due to the low plasma beta the coronal magnetic field can usually be assumed to be approximately force free, with electric currents flowing along the magnetic field lines. There are both observational and theoretical reasons which suggest that at least prior to an eruption the coronal magnetic field is in a nonlinear force free state. Unfortunately the computation of nonlinear force free fields is way more difficult than potential or linear force free fields and analytic solutions are not generally available. We discuss several methods which have been proposed to compute nonlinear force free fields and focus particularly on an optimization method which has been suggested recently. We compare the numerical performance of a newly developed numerical code based on the optimization method with the performance of another code based on an MHD relaxation method if both codes are applied to the reconstruction of a semi-analytic nonlinear force-free solution. The optimization method has also been tested for cases where we add random noise to the perfect boundary conditions of the analytic solution, in this way mimicking the more realistic case where the boundary conditions are given by vector magnetogram data. We find that the convergence properties of the optimization method are affected by adding noise to the boundary data and we discuss possibilities to overcome this difficulty.

T. Wiegelmann; T. Neukirch

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

269

ENERGETIC PARTICLE ANISOTROPIES AT THE HELIOSPHERIC BOUNDARY

In 2012 August the Voyager 1 space probe entered a distinctly new region of space characterized by a virtual absence of heliospheric energetic ions and magnetic fluctuations, now interpreted as a part of the local interstellar cloud. Prior to their disappearance, the ion distributions strongly peaked at a 90 pitch angle, implying rapid escape of streaming particles along the magnetic field lines. Here we investigate the process of particle crossing from the heliosheath into the interstellar space, using a kinetic approach that resolves scales of the particle's cyclotron radius and smaller. It is demonstrated that a 'pancake' pitch-angle distribution naturally arises at a tangential discontinuity separating a weakly turbulent plasma from a laminar region with a very low pitch-angle scattering rate. The relatively long persistence of gyrating ions is interpreted in terms of field line meandering facilitating their cross-field diffusion within the depletion region.

Florinski, V.; Le Roux, J. A. [Department of Space Sciences, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)] [Department of Space Sciences, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States); Jokipii, J. R. [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Alouani-Bibi, F. [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)] [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

270

A major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by isotope

major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by isotope major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by isotope ratios in Cenozoic basalts from the Coso Range and surrounding areas Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: A major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by isotope ratios in Cenozoic basalts from the Coso Range and surrounding areas Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Sr and Nd isotope ratios of Miocene-Recent basalts in eastern California, when screened for crustal contamination, vary dramatically and indicate the presence of a major lithospheric boundary that is not obvious from surface geology. Tectonic and geochemical interpretation of this boundary is difficult, however, because there are so many potential

271

Z(N) model of grain-boundary wetting

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Even though van der Waals forces should prevent the wetting of a grain boundary by a liquid at the melting temperature, experiment and simulations indicate an instability in grain-boundary structure in the vicinity of this temperature. We study the structure of analogous boundaries in a Z(N) model in which a region of solid with a given orientation is replaced by a spin in that orientation. Different interfacial behaviors are found for different regions of a model parameter which is related to N. For the value appropriate to grain boundaries, our model suggests that boundaries of a sufficiently large angle should be unstable, not to the intrusion of a layer of liquid, however, but to the intrusion of solid of intermediate orientation. Such an intrusion can occur below the melting temperature.

M. Schick and Wei-Heng Shih

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Irradiation Assisted Grain Boundary Segregation in Steels

The understanding of radiation-induced grain boundary segregation (RIS) has considerably improved over the past decade. New models have been introduced and much effort has been devoted to obtaining comprehensive information on segregation from the literature. Analytical techniques have also improved so that chemical analysis of layers 1 nm thick is almost routine. This invited paper will review the major methods used currently for RIS prediction: namely, Rate Theory, Inverse Kirkendall, and Solute Drag approaches. A summary is made of the available data on phosphorus RIS in reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steels. This will be discussed in the light of the predictions of the various models in an effort to show which models are the most reliable and easy to use for forecasting P segregation behaviour in steels. A consequence of RIS in RPV steels is a radiation induced shift in the ductile to brittle transition temperature (DBTT). It will be shown how it is possible to relate radiation-induced P segregation levels to DBTT shift. Examples of this exercise will be given for RPV steels and for ferritic steels being considered for first wall fusion applications. Cr RIS in high alloy stainless steels and associated irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) will be briefly discussed. (authors)

Lu, Zheng; Faulkner, Roy G. [IPTME, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leics (United Kingdom)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Calculations of composition boundaries of saturated phases

A program for the HP-41CV calculator is presented for calculating the equilibrium composition boundaries of pairs of saturating solids, liquids, or a combination of a solid and liquid. The activity coefficients must be represented in the form ln ..gamma../sub 1/ = (b/sub h//T - b/sub s/)x/sub 2//sup 2/ + (c/sub h//T - c/sub x/)x/sub 2//sup 3/ where h refers to an enthalpy contribution and s refers to an excess entropy contribution. For solid-liquid equilibria, enthalpies and entropies of fusion are required. For all equilibria, provision is made for use of hypothetical standard states such as the Henry's Law standard states. For example, in treating solid solutions of molybdenum in face-centered cubic metals such as Ni, Rh, or Pt, it is sometimes convenient to use a hypothetical fcc standard state of Mo which represents the limiting Henry's Law behavior of Mo in the fcc metal and has much different properties than a real fcc molybdenum solid.

Brewer, L.; Hahn, S.

1983-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

274

High concentration ferronematics in low magnetic fields

We investigated experimentally the magneto-optical and dielectric properties of magnetic-nanoparticle-doped nematic liquid crystals (ferronematics). Our studies focus on the effect of the very small orienting bias magnetic field $B_{bias}$, and that of the nematic director pretilt at the boundary surfaces in our systems sensitive to low magnetic fields. Based on the results we assert that $B_{bias}$ is not necessarily required for a detectable response to low magnetic fields, and that the initial pretilt, as well as the aggregation of the nanoparticles play an important (though not yet explored enough) role.

T. Tth-Katona; P. Salamon; N. ber; N. Tomaovi?ov; Z. Mitrov; P. Kop?ansk

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

275

There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the game when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.

T. Thiemann

1993-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

276

There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the a priori freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the stage when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.

T. Thiemann

1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

277

Appendix to ISAB and ISRP Review of the Salmonid Field Protocols Handbook (ISAB&ISRP 2007-5)

Appendix to ISAB and ISRP Review of the Salmonid Field Protocols Handbook (ISAB&ISRP 2007-5) Specific Comments on Handbook Sections and Field Protocols Comments are given under the titles of the respective chapters, as outlined below. The page on which each chapter starts in the Handbook is also

278

A fast multigrid-based electromagnetic eigensolver for curved metal boundaries on the Yee mesh

For embedded boundary electromagnetics using the DeyMittra (Dey and Mittra, 1997) [1] algorithm, a special graddiv matrix constructed in this work allows use of multigrid methods for efficient inversion of Maxwells curlcurl matrix. Efficient curlcurl inversions are demonstrated within a shift-and-invert Krylov-subspace eigensolver (open-sourced at ([ofortt]https://github.com/bauerca/maxwell[cfortt])) on the spherical cavity and the 9-cell TESLA superconducting accelerator cavity. The accuracy of the DeyMittra algorithm is also examined: frequencies converge with second-order error, and surface fields are found to converge with nearly second-order error. In agreement with previous work (Nieter et al., 2009) [2], neglecting some boundary-cut cell faces (as is required in the time domain for numerical stability) reduces frequency convergence to first-order and surface-field convergence to zeroth-order (i.e. surface fields do not converge). Additionally and importantly, neglecting faces can reduce accuracy by an order of magnitude at low resolutions.

Bauer, Carl A., E-mail: carl.bauer@colorado.edu [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Werner, Gregory R. [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)] [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Cary, John R. [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States) [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Distributed target tracking and boundary estimation in wireless sensor networks

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the problem of target tracking and boundary detection of a substance diffusing from a mobile source using a wireless sensor network. We present a Prediction-based Mobility Adaptive Tracking (P-MAT algorithm to study the tradeoff among energy, accuracy of tracking, coverage and boundary estimation. P-MAT minimises overall energy consumption by incorporating adaptivity in two forms: (1) the size of the active region and (2) modulation of the sampling rate. It uses adaptive Kalman filtering to predict the target's future location and velocity. The predicted target location determines a set of sensors surrounding that location to be activated known as the active region. Sensors in the active region are responsible for target tracking and boundary detection. In this article, we include dynamic boundary estimation. Boundary estimation in many situations can be performed efficiently using a subset of nodes within the vicinity of the phenomenon. This subset of nodes in our algorithm is the set of nodes in the active region. As the substance spreads, sensors in the active region determine if additional sensors outside of the active region are needed to enclose the boundary. Results from simulation experiments show that P-MAT can perform both tracking and boundary.

Jennifer Yick; Biswanath Mukherjee; Dipak Ghosal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Field Mapping At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) | Open Energy Information

Mt Area (Blackwell) Mt Area (Blackwell) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Exploration Activity Details Location Marysville Mt Area Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geologic mapping has outlined a structure which may be a partial control on the high heat flow. The Cretaceous intrusive (outlined by the magnetic data) and the heat flow anomaly occupy a broad dome in the Precambrian rocks, the stock outcropping in the northwest portion of the dome, and the heat flow anomaly restricted to the southwest portion of the dome. References D. D. Blackwell (Unknown) Exploration In A Blind Geothermal Area Near Marysville, Montana, Usa

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281

Item 4, Attachment 1: Pulse Outline Pulse Outline for 2013

Werme Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products: 4 pages - Werme Triclosan: 4 pages - Davis Pyrethroids: 4 pages

282

Adapted from Richard P. Muller 1 OutlineOutline

% myprogram.py or ./myprogram.py Or % myprogram.py > myoutput.txt Try hello_world.py ! #12;Adapted from Richard P. Muller 9 Hello, World!Hello, World! · Hello, world! with an error: printf "Hello, world!" #incorrect -- C function % python hellof.py File "hellof.py", line 1 printf "Hello, World!" ^ Syntax

Reluga, Tim

283

Aircraft Observations of the Marine Boundary Layer Adjustment near Point Arguello, California

.g., Parish 2000). Several authors (e.g., Dorman 1985; Samelson 1992; Burk et al. 1999; Haack et al. 2001) represent the fluid system near the coast in terms of a two-layer shallow water model with the coastal terrain serving as a lateral boundary. The Froude... of the layer. Discontinuities such as hy- draulic jumps can result as the flow transitions from supercritical (Fr. 1) to subcritical (Fr, 1). As the flow in the MBL impinges on coastal points, significant modulation of the MBL height and wind field occurs...

Parish, Thomas R.; Rahn, David A.; Leon, David

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Integrable Boundary Conditions and W-Extended Fusion in the Logarithmic Minimal Models LM(1,p)

We consider the logarithmic minimal models LM(1,p) as `rational' logarithmic conformal field theories with extended W symmetry. To make contact with the extended picture starting from the lattice, we identify 4p-2 boundary conditions as specific limits of integrable boundary conditions of the underlying Yang-Baxter integrable lattice models. Specifically, we identify 2p integrable boundary conditions to match the 2p known irreducible W-representations. These 2p extended representations naturally decompose into infinite sums of the irreducible Virasoro representations (r,s). A further 2p-2 reducible yet indecomposable W-representations of rank 2 are generated by fusion and these decompose as infinite sums of indecomposable rank-2 Virasoro representations. The fusion rules in the extended picture are deduced from the known fusion rules for the Virasoro representations of LM(1,p) and are found to be in agreement with previous works. The closure of the fusion algebra on a finite number of representations in the extended picture is remarkable confirmation of the consistency of the lattice approach.

Paul A. Pearce; Jorgen Rasmussen; Philippe Ruelle

2008-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

285

Constraint-preserving boundary conditions in the 3+1 first-order approach

A set of energy-momentum constraint-preserving boundary conditions is proposed for the first-order Z4 case. The stability of a simple numerical implementation is tested in the linear regime (robust stability test), both with the standard corner and vertex treatment and with a modified finite-differences stencil for boundary points which avoids corners and vertices even in Cartesian-like grids. Moreover, the proposed boundary conditions are tested in a strong-field scenario, the Gowdy waves metric, showing the expected rate of convergence. The accumulated amount of energy-momentum constraint violations is similar or even smaller than the one generated by either periodic or reflection conditions, which are exact in the Gowdy waves case. As a side theoretical result, a new symmetrizer is explicitly given, which extends the parametric domain of symmetric hyperbolicity for the Z4 formalism. The application of these results to first-order Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura-like formalisms is also considered.

Bona, C.; Bona-Casas, C. [Departament de Fisica and Institute for Applied Computing and Community Code (IAC3), Universitat de les Illes Balears, 07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Kapitza Resistance of the Grain Boundaries in Ceria

Thermal conductivity is one of the key performance metrics of the nuclear fuels. In electrical insulators, such as most ubiquitous nuclear fuel UO2, thermal transport is due to phonons, or lattice waves. Their propagation is impeded by any lattice defect, such as impurities or vacancies, as well as larger microstructural features: grain boundaries, dislocations and pores/bubbles. Detailed description of the phonons interactions with these features is still lacking. In this work, we elucidate the dependence of the grain boundary thermal resistance, also known as a Kapitza resistance, on the type and misorientation angle of the grain boundary in model system of CeO2.

David Bai; Jian Gan; Aleksandr Chernatynskiy

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

South Dakota-Minnesota Boundary Waters Commission (Minnesota) | Department

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Dakota-Minnesota Boundary Waters Commission (Minnesota) Dakota-Minnesota Boundary Waters Commission (Minnesota) South Dakota-Minnesota Boundary Waters Commission (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Environmental Regulations This section establishes an interstate commission to set standards for

288

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigations of the moon and solar tides and their interaction with the electric field of the atmospheric boundary layer are possible both by means of using big data files and by using a method of spaced reception.

L. V. Grunskaya; V. A. Efimov; V. V. Isakevich; A. A. Zakirov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The Doppler effect in the field of a thick spherical shell

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relativistic field of a thick spherical shell of matter is worthy of notice inasmuch as it provides the only known example of a Euclidean pocket in a Riemannian space-time. The boundary conditions are used to...

V. V. Narlikar F.A.Sc.; Ayodhya Prasad M.Sc.

1949-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Fluid simulations of {nabla}T{sub e}-driven turbulence and transport in boundary plasmas

It is clear that the edge plasma plays a crucial role in global tokamak confinement. This paper is a report on simulations of a new drift wave type instability driven by the electron temperature gradient in tokamak scrapeoff-layers (SOL). A 2d fluid code has been developed in order to explore the anomalous transport in the boundary plasmas. The simulation consists of a set of fluid equations for the vorticity {nabla}{sub {perpendicular}}{sup 2}{phi}, the electron density n{sub c} and the temperature T{sub c} in a shearless plasma slab confined by a uniform, straight magnetic field B{sub z} with two divertor (or limiter) plates intercepting the magnetic field. The model has two regions separated by a magnetic separatrix: in the edge region inside the separatrix, the model is periodic along the magnetic field while in the SOL region outside the separatrix, the magnetic field is taken to be of finite length with model boundary conditions at diverter plates. The simulation results show that the observed linear instability agrees well with theory, and that a saturated state of turbulence is reached. In saturated turbulence, clear evidence of the expected long-wavelength mode penetration into the edge is seen, an inverse cascade of wave energy is observed. The simulation results also show that amplitudes of potential and the electron temperature fluctuations are somewhat above and the heat flux are somewhat below those of the simplest mixing-length estimates, and furthermore the large-scale radial structures of fluctuation quantities indicate that the cross-field transport is not diffusive. After saturation, the electron density and temperature profiles are flattened. A self-consistent simulation to determine the microturbulent SOL electron temperature profile has been done, the results of which reasonably agree with the experimental measurements.

Xu, X.Q.

1992-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0/ 177 0/ 177 Implementation Plan and Initial Development of Nuclear Concrete Materials Database for Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program September 30, 2010 Prepared by Weiju Ren and Dan Naus Oak Ridge National Laboratory Barry Oland XCEL Engineering DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. Web site http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source. National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD 703-487-4639 Fax 703-605-6900 E-mail info@ntis.gov

292

Lecture outline Densitybased clustering (DBScan)

point if for distance Eps : |NEps(p)={q | dist(p,q) points: Not a core or a border point #12;Core, border and noise points Eps Eps Eps #12;Core, Border and Noise points Original Points Point types: core, border and noise Eps = 10, MinPts = 4 #12;Clusters

Terzi, Evimaria

293

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Store well unpubl. data, IDWR 1987 312 05201987 unknown 2425731 1446604 117 Ken Smith well 125 09172011 static 2425708 1447135 309 SMU DDH-3 two points only 131 0804...

294

Boundary Waters Canoe Area (Minnesota) | Department of Energy

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Boundary Waters Canoe Area (Minnesota) Boundary Waters Canoe Area (Minnesota) Boundary Waters Canoe Area (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Environmental Regulations The Boundary Waters Canoe Area occupies a large section of northern Minnesota, and is preserved as a primitive wilderness area. Construction

295

Science at the interface : grain boundaries in nanocrystalline metals.

Interfaces are a critical determinant of the full range of materials properties, especially at the nanoscale. Computational and experimental methods developed a comprehensive understanding of nanograin evolution based on a fundamental understanding of internal interfaces in nanocrystalline nickel. It has recently been shown that nanocrystals with a bi-modal grain-size distribution possess a unique combination of high-strength, ductility and wear-resistance. We performed a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the structure and motion of internal interfaces in nanograined metal and the resulting grain evolution. The properties of grain boundaries are computed for an unprecedented range of boundaries. The presence of roughening transitions in grain boundaries is explored and related to dramatic changes in boundary mobility. Experimental observations show that abnormal grain growth in nanograined materials is unlike conventional scale material in both the level of defects and the formation of unfavored phases. Molecular dynamics simulations address the origins of some of these phenomena.

Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Follstaedt, David Martin; Knapp, James Arthur; Brewer, Luke N.; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Hattar, Khalid M.; Clark, Blythe B.; Olmsted, David L.; Medlin, Douglas L.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets

This thesis examines the nature of eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets and recirculation gyre dynamics from both theoretical and observational perspectives. It includes theoretical studies of ...

Waterman, Stephanie N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Compressed absorbing boundary conditions for the Helmholtz equation

Absorbing layers are sometimes required to be impractically thick in order to offer an accurate approximation of an absorbing boundary condition for the Helmholtz equation in a heterogeneous medium. It is always possible ...

Blanger-Rioux, Rosalie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Grain-Boundary Physics in Polycrystalline Photovoltaic Materials: Preprint

This paper describes a study of the atomic structure and electronic effects of grain boundaries in polycrystalline photovoltaic materials such as Si, CdTe, CuInSe2, and CuGaSe2.

Yan, Y.; Jiang, C. S.; Wu, X. Z.; Noufi, R.; Wei, S. H.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Reconfiguring Boundary Relations: Robotic Innovations in Pharmacy Work

Robotics is a rapidly expanding area of digital innovation with important implications for organizational practice in multioccupational settings. This paper explores the influence of robotic innovations on the boundary ...

Barrett, Michael

300

Current transport along grain boundaries in d-wave superconductors.

The use of a classic phase retrieval algorithm has been previously used to determine the local critical current J{sub c}(x) along the length of grain boundary Josephson junctions that can be characterized using a standard s-wave model. The phase retrieval approach has been modified for use with d-wave dominated superconductors to allow for negative local currents along the boundary. In general solutions to the 1-D phase problem are not unique, however in the present work special constraints are employed experimentally to ensure uniqueness. The various current distribution solutions and their possible uniqueness are explored. The solutions are consistent with most existing d-wave Josephson junction boundary models and can be used to understand the basic current distribution along 45 degree YaBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} grain boundary junctions as well as providing a means for mapping the location of self-generated flux cores.

Carmody, M.; Marks, L. D.; Merkle, K. L.; Materials Science Division; Northwestern Univ.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

301

A distributed boundary detection algorithm for multi-robot systems

We describe a distributed boundary detection algorithm suitable for use on multi-robot systems with dynamic network topologies. We assume that each robot has access to its local network geometry, which is the combination ...

McLurkin, James

302

Performance of a boundary layer ingesting propulsion system

This thesis presents an assessment of the aerodynamic performance of an aircraft propulsion system, with embedded engines, in the presence of aircraft fuselage boundary layer ingestion (BLI). The emphasis is on defining ...

Plas, Anglique (Anglique Pascale)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Examining A Hypersonic Turbulent Boundary Layer at Low Reynolds Number

The purpose of the current study was to answer several questions related to hypersonic, low Reynolds number, turbulent boundary layers, of which available data related to turbulence quantities is scarce. To that end, a unique research facility...

Semper, Michael Thomas

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of kilometers. Because Earth is mostly...

305

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of...

306

APPLICATION OF BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHOD TO STREAMLINE GENERATION

Jitendra Kikani July 1989 Reservoir Simulation Industrial Affiliates #12;APPLICATION OF BOUNDARY ELEMENT injection, C02flooding, in-situ combustion). In addition impermeable barriers of any shape and orientation

Stanford University

307

PREDICTION OF BOUNDARIES BETWEEN INTRINSICALLY ORDERED AND DISORDERED PROTEIN REGIONS

PREDICTION OF BOUNDARIES BETWEEN INTRINSICALLY ORDERED AND DISORDERED PROTEIN REGIONS PREDRAG. Using proteins with both disordered and ordered regions collected through literature searches disordered protein is gaining increased attention in the biological community.1-4 Following the prior work

Obradovic, Zoran

308

A robust and accurate outflow boundary condition for ...

Jan 3, 2014 ... The types and the ease in implementation of the outflow boundary condi- .... stress exerting on ??o induced by the influx of kinetic energy into the domain ? ...... vortex shedding flow past cylinders, J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn.

S. Dong

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Scaling Laws for the Heterogeneously Heated Free Convective Boundary Layer

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The heterogeneously heated free convective boundary layer (CBL) is investigated by means of dimensional analysis and results from large-eddy simulations (LES) and direct numerical simulations (DNS). The investigated physical model is a CBL that ...

Chiel C. van Heerwaarden; Juan Pedro Mellado; Alberto De Lozar

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Mixing Line Analysis of Clouds and Cloudy Boundary Layers

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diagnostic study of the thermodynamic structure of nonprecipitating clouds and cloudy boundary layers is formulated using a mixing line and saturation point approach. A parametric model for the mean structure is developed as a tool for ...

Alan K. Betts

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Symmetric Galerkin boundary integral fracture analysis for plane orthotropic elasticity

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses the formulation and implementation of the symmetric Galerkin boundary integral method for two dimensional linear elastic orthotropic fracture analysis. For the usual case of a traction-free crack, the symmetry of the coefficient ...

L. J. Gray; G. H. Paulino

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Boundary Layer Dynamics and Cross-Equatorial Hadley Circulation

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The behavior of the Hadley circulation is analyzed in the context of an idealized axisymmetric atmosphere. It is argued that the cross-equatorial Hadley circulation exhibits two different regimes depending on the depth of the planetary boundary ...

Olivier Pauluis

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Modified Curvatures on Manifolds with Boundary and Applications

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To study the reflecting diffusion processes on manifolds with boundary, some new curvature operators are introduced by using the Bakry-Emery curvature and the second fundamental form. As applications, the grad...

Feng-Yu Wang

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Numerical simulations of supercell interactions with thermal boundaries

simulation. Backward trajectories computed for the (a, b) control simulation starting at 115 min. and (c, d) -6 K simulation starting at 150 min. . Average trajectory for parcels entering the updraft from the northeast for the control simulation starting... information. The most exhaustive observational study of outflow boundaries is discussed in Maddox et al. (1980). This work specifically focused on the interaction of tornadic storms with outflow boundaries. The authors sought to explain the observations...

Kay, Michael Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

315

Distributed boundary layer suction utilizing wing tip effects

that this is not the case. The rotational force at the tip accounts for the suction power. Since this power is utilized to suck air from the boundary, energy is dissipated, thereby weakening the vortex strength. Providing this assumption is valid, the effect would... was done. TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter Page INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE EXPERIMENTAL FACILITY AND PROCEDURES Wing Model . Wake Rake Boundary Layer Probe . . Multiple Tube Manometers Wind Tunnel and Related Equipment Procedures Computation...

Edwards, Jay Thomas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

316

A Study of Organizational Culture, Boundary Spanner, and Performance of Strategic Alliance.

??This study is motivated by a desire to understand the role of boundary spanners in creating satisfactory alliance. Specifically, the relationships between organizational culture, boundary (more)

Wu, Chung-sheng

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Muon g -2 from and e+ a simple exercise in effective field theory

Muon g - 2 from and e+ e- data a simple exercise in effective field theory Fred Jegerlehner HU function discrepancy. Consequences for the muon g - 2 are discussed. F. Jegerlehner CALC 2012, JINR Dubna, July 29, 2012 #12;Outline of Talk: O Prelude: The hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to the muon

Röder, Beate

318

Numerical simulation of ice-induced loads on ships and comparison with field measurements

Department of Marine Technology, NTNU May 28, 2013 #12;Motivation Local ice load Global ice load ShipNumerical simulation of ice-induced loads on ships and comparison with field measurements Biao Su's performance · Ice-hull interaction · Local ice load · Global ice load · Ship's performance #12;Outline

Nørvåg, Kjetil

319

This report outlines the research needs and research activities within Europe to develop new and improved methods and techniques for the characterization of complex radiation fields at workplaces around high-energy accelerators and the next generation of thermonuclear fusion facilities under the auspices of the COordinated Network for RAdiation Dosimetry (CONRAD) project funded by the European Commission.

Bilski, P; D'Errico, F; Esposito, A; Fehrenbacher, G; Fernndez, F; Fuchs, A; Golnik, N; Lacoste, V; Leuschner, A; Sandri, S; Silari, M; Spurny, F; Wiegel, B; Wright, P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The Arun field is a giant gas-condensate field operated by Mobil and Pertamina with over 20,000 acres of closure at the top of the Arun reservoir. A middle-shelf patch reef complex of early to middle Miocene age is the producing facies at the Arun field. About 1,100 ft of porous limestones, encased in shales, create a stratigraphic trap for overpressure hydrocarbons. Three main carbonate lithologies were encountered during the examination of over 4,300 ft of core; (1) a reef facies consisting of vuggy, coral encrusting, red-algal boundstones, (2) a near-reef facies consisting of foraminiferal, mixed-skeletal packstones with gravel-size coral fragments, and (3) an interreef lagoonal facies consisting of benthonic-foram packstones. Twenty-two species of corals have been identified from Arun reef facies; major reef-forming coals, listed in order of decreasing abundance, are Porites cf P. Lutes, Cyphastrea microphthalma, Astreopora myriophthalma, Styloconiella gunetheri, Porites solida, and Acropora ssp. The Arun reef is comprised of limestones (with minor amounts of dolomite). No shale beds occur in the sequence, and all carbonate facies are in communication. A pervasive microporosity, occurring throughout the Arun Limestone, results from meteoric alteration of original carbonate mud to form a microrhombic porosity that accounts for about three-fourths of the field's total porosity.

Jordan, C.F. Jr.; Abdullah, M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

321

Kinematic magnetic-field morphology at the core-mantle boundary

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......effective when there is no domination of either sp or s : motion...excellent convergence for these two sets of eigenfunctions. The N...the We have succeeded in locating well-converged solutions...Initially, E , and E , were set equal to zero and the relationship......

Kenneth A. Hutcheson; David Gubbins

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Research activities Effect of an External Electric Field on Grain Boundary Evolution in

vapor outside the TEM, brucite/amorphous hydroxide forms on the surface. In this work, we developed new * # # # ** * * Brucite # Periclase 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Int.A.U. 2 theta # # # Periclase a b #12;Fig. 2. Heat flow traces

Vardi, Amichay

323

Transport in a field aligned magnetized plasma/neutral gas boundary: the end of the plasma

in the region of plasma pressure and atmospheric pressureplasma and on objects cool and massive enough to have an atmosphere.

Cooper, Christopher M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Open-closed field line boundary position: A parametric study using an MHD model

and number density. The depen- dence of the magnetospheric configuration on the solar wind energy input has

De Zeeuw, Darren L.

325

Time-Domain Absorbing Boundary Terminations for Waveguide Ports Based on State-Space Models

Absorbing boundary conditions for waveguide ports in time domain are important elements of transient approaches to treat RF structures. A successful way to implement these termination conditions is the decomposition of the transient fields in the absorbing plane in terms of modal field patterns. The absorbing condition is then accomplished by transferring the wave impedances (or admittances) of the modes to time domain, which leads to convolution operations involving Bessel functions and integrals of Bessel functions. This paper presents a new alternative approach: the convolution operations are approximated by appropriate state-space models whose system responses can be conveniently computed by standard integration schemes. These schemes are indispensable for transient simulations anyhow. Sufficiently far away from the cutoff frequency, a wideband match is achieved.

Flisgen, T; van Rienen, U

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Casimir Effect under Quasi-Periodic Boundary Condition Inspired by Nanotubes

When one studies the Casimir effect, the periodic (anti-periodic) boundary condition is usually taken to mimic a periodic (anti-periodic) structure for a scalar field living in a flat space with a non-Euclidean topology. However, there could be an arbitrary phase difference between the value of the scalar field on one endpoint of the unit structure and that on the other endpoint, such as the structure of nanotubes. Then, in this paper, a periodic condition on the ends of the system with an additional phase factor, which is called the ``quasi-periodic" condition, is imposed to investigate the corresponding Casimir effect. And an attractive or repulsive Casimir force is found, whose properties depend on the phase angle value. Especially, the Casimir effect disappears when the phase angle takes a particular value. High dimensional space-time case is also investigated.

Feng, Chao-Jun; Zhai, Xiang-Hua

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Casimir Effect under Quasi-Periodic Boundary Condition Inspired by Nanotubes

When one studies the Casimir effect, the periodic (anti-periodic) boundary condition is usually taken to mimic a periodic (anti-periodic) structure for a scalar field living in a flat space with a non-Euclidean topology. However, there could be an arbitrary phase difference between the value of the scalar field on one endpoint of the unit structure and that on the other endpoint, such as the structure of nanotubes. Then, in this paper, a periodic condition on the ends of the system with an additional phase factor, which is called the ``quasi-periodic" condition, is imposed to investigate the corresponding Casimir effect. And an attractive or repulsive Casimir force is found, whose properties depend on the phase angle value. Especially, the Casimir effect disappears when the phase angle takes a particular value. High dimensional space-time case is also investigated.

Chao-Jun Feng; Xin-Zhou Li; Xiang-Hua Zhai

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

328

Vectorial AdS_5/CFT_4 duality for spin-one boundary theory

We consider an example of vectorial AdS_5/CFT_4 duality when the boundary theory is described by N free complex or real Maxwell fields. It is dual to a particular ("type C") higher spin theory in AdS_5 containing fields in special mixed-symmetry representations. We extend the study of this theory in arXiv:1410.3273 by deriving the expression for the large N limit of the corresponding singlet-sector partition function on S^1 x S^3. We find that in both complex U(N) and real O(N) invariant cases the form of the one-particle partition function is as required by the AdS/CFT duality. We also demonstrate the matching of the Casimir energy on S^3 by assuming an integer shift in the bulk theory coupling.

Beccaria, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

OUTFLOWS AND DARK BANDS AT ARCADE-LIKE ACTIVE REGION CORE BOUNDARIES

Observations from the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board Hinode have revealed outflows and non-thermal line broadening in low intensity regions at the edges of active regions (ARs). We use data from Hinode's EIS, Solar Dynamic Observatory's Atmospheric Imaging Assembly and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager, and the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer instrument to investigate the boundaries of arcade-like AR cores for NOAA ARs 11112, 10978, and 9077. A narrow, low intensity region that is observed at the core's periphery as a dark band shows outflows and increased spectral line broadening. This dark band is found to exist for days and appears between the bright coronal loop structures of different coronal topologies. We find a case where the dark band region is formed between the magnetic field from emerging flux and the field of the pre-existing flux. A magnetic field extrapolation indicates that this dark band is coincident with the spine lines or magnetic separatrices in the extrapolated field. This occurs over unipolar regions where the brightened coronal field is separated in connectivity and topology. This separation does not appear to be infinitesimal and an initial estimate of the minimum distance of separation is found to be Almost-Equal-To 1.5-3.5 Mm.

Scott, J. T.; Martens, P. C. H.; Tarr, L. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

330

Graphene as a Lattice Field Theory

We introduce effective field theories for the electronic properties of graphene in terms of relativistic fermions propagating in 2+1 dimensions, and outline how strong inter-electron interactions may be modelled by numerical simulation of a lattice field theory. For strong enough coupling an insulating state can form via condensation of particle-hole pairs, and it is demonstrated that this is a theoretical possibility for monolayer graphene. For bilayer graphene the effect of an interlayer bias voltage can be modelled by the introduction of a chemical potential (akin to isopsin chemical potential in QCD) with no accompanying sign problem; simulations reveal the presence of strong interactions among the residual degrees of freedom at the resulting Fermi surface, which is disrupted by an excitonic condensate. We also present preliminary results for the quasiparticle dispersion, which permit direct estimates of both the Fermi momentum and the induced gap.

Simon Hands; Wes Armour; Costas Strouthos

2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

331

Graphene as a Lattice Field Theory

We introduce effective field theories for the electronic properties of graphene in terms of relativistic fermions propagating in 2+1 dimensions, and outline how strong inter-electron interactions may be modelled by numerical simulation of a lattice field theory. For strong enough coupling an insulating state can form via condensation of particle-hole pairs, and it is demonstrated that this is a theoretical possibility for monolayer graphene. For bilayer graphene the effect of an interlayer bias voltage can be modelled by the introduction of a chemical potential (akin to isopsin chemical potential in QCD) with no accompanying sign problem; simulations reveal the presence of strong interactions among the residual degrees of freedom at the resulting Fermi surface, which is disrupted by an excitonic condensate. We also present preliminary results for the quasiparticle dispersion, which permit direct estimates of both the Fermi momentum and the induced gap.

Hands, Simon; Strouthos, Costas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

marine boundary layer: description of the Fast LED-CE-DOAS instrument2 3 4 S. Coburn1,2 , I. Ortega1 Emitting Diode Cavity Enhanced Differential Optical Absorption24 Spectroscopy (Fast LED-CE-DOAS) instrument Halogens28 and OVOC (TORERO) field experiment (January to March 2012). The Fast LED-CE-DOAS is a29

333

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

about NNSS

334

Magnetic field contribution to the last electron-photon scattering

When the cosmic microwave photons scatter electrons just prior to the decoupling of matter and radiation, magnetic fields do contribute to the Stokes matrix as well as to the scalar, vector and tensor components of the transport equations for the brightness perturbations. The magnetized electron-photon scattering is hereby discussed in general terms by including, for the first time, the contribution of magnetic fields with arbitrary direction and in the presence of the scalar, vector and tensor modes of the geometry. The propagation of relic vectors and relic gravitons is discussed for a varying magnetic field orientation and for different photon directions. The source terms of the transport equations in the presence of the relativistic fluctuations of the geometry are also explicitly averaged over the magnetic field orientations and the problem of a consistent account of the small-scale and large-scale magnetic field is briefly outlined.

Giovannini, Massimo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Charge Transport Anisotropy Due to Grain Boundaries in Directionally

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charge Transport Anisotropy Due to Grain Charge Transport Anisotropy Due to Grain Boundaries in Directionally Crystallized Thin Films of Regio-Regular Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Semicrystalline polymers, such as polythiophenes, hold much promise as active layers in printable electronic devices such as photovoltaic cells, sensors, and thin film transistors. As organic semiconductors approach commercialization, there is a need to better understand the relationship between charge transport and microstructure, in particular, to identify the inherent bottlenecks to charge transport. In semicrystalline and polycrystalline materials, charge transport is most likely dominated by grain-boundary effects, although the exact mechanism is not well understood. Unfortunately, grain boundaries in semicrystalline thin films are difficult to characterize: the grains are too small to allow for measurements across individual grain boundaries (as is often done for polycrystalline films of small molecules) and bulk measurements are complicated by the unknown orientation of polymer chains within the grain. To better understand the effect of chain orientation on grain boundaries, we use anisotropic thin films of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) - one of the most well-studied polymeric semiconductors, as a tool to study charge transport.

336

Structural Dependence of Grain Boundary Resistance in Copper Nanowires

The current choice of the interconnect metal in integrated circuits is copper due to its higher electrical conductivity and improved electromigration reliability in comparison with aluminum. However, with reducing feature sizes, the resistance of copper interconnects (lines) increases dramatically. Greater resistance will result in higher energy use, more heat generation, more failure due to electromigration, and slower switching speeds. To keep pace with the projected planar transistor density, the first challenge is to identify the dominant factors that contribute to the high interconnect resistance. Here we directly measure individual grain boundary (GB) resistances in copper nanowires with a one-to-one correspondence to the GB structure. The specific resistivities of particular GBs are measured using four-probe scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to establish a direct link between GB structure and the resistance. High-angle random GBs contribute to a specific resistivity of about 25 10-12 cm2 for each boundary, while coincidence boundaries are significantly less-resistive than random boundaries. Thus, replacing random boundaries with coincidence ones would be a route to suppress the GB impact to the resistivity of polycrystalline conductors. Acknowledgement: The research was supported by the Division of Scientific User Facilities, U. S. Department of Energy.

Kim, Tae Hwan [ORNL; Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Radhakrishnan, Bala [ORNL; Radhakrishnan, Balasubramaniam [ORNL; Evans III, Boyd Mccutchen [ORNL; Kulkarni, Nagraj S [ORNL; Kenik, Edward A [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; Li, An-Ping [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Critical O(N) - vector nonlinear sigma - models: A resume of their field structure

The classification of quasi - primary fields is outlined. It is proved that the only conserved quasi - primary currents are the energy - momentum tensor and the O(N) - Noether currents. Derivation of all quasi - primary fields and the resolution of degeneracy is sketched. Finally the limits d=2 and d=4 of the space dimension are discussed. Whereas the latter is trivial the former is only almost so.

Klaus Lang; Werner Ruehl

1993-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

338

How to use magnetic field information for coronal loop identification?

The structure of the solar corona is dominated by the magnetic field because the magnetic pressure is about four orders of magnitude higher than the plasma pressure. Due to the high conductivity the emitting coronal plasma (visible e.g. in SOHO/EIT) outlines the magnetic field lines. The gradient of the emitting plasma structures is significantly lower parallel to the magnetic field lines than in the perpendicular direction. Consequently information regarding the coronal magnetic field can be used for the interpretation of coronal plasma structures. We extrapolate the coronal magnetic field from photospheric magnetic field measurements into the corona. The extrapolation method depends on assumptions regarding coronal currents, e.g. potential fields (current free) or force-free fields (current parallel to magnetic field). As a next step we project the reconstructed 3D magnetic field lines on an EIT-image and compare with the emitting plasma structures. Coronal loops are identified as closed magnetic field lines with a high emissivity in EIT and a small gradient of the emissivity along the magnetic field.

T. Wiegelmann; B. Inhester; A. Lagg; S. K. Solanki

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

339

A dual mass flux framework for boundary layer convection

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A dual mass flux framework for boundary layer convection A dual mass flux framework for boundary layer convection Neggers, Roel European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Category: Modeling A new convective boundary layer scheme is presented that is currently being developed for the Integrated Forecasting System (IFS) of the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Part of the total turbulent flux is modeled through advective mass flux by multiple updrafts, initialized at the surface. Two groups of updrafts are explicitly represented; i) updrafts that never reach their lifting condensation level, and ii) updrafts that condensate and become cloudy. Key new ingredient is the flexibility of the associated updraft area fractions, as a function of model state. As a result, an extra degree of freedom is introduced in the

340

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of kilometers. Because Earth is mostly solid (except for its liquid-iron outer core), this convection causes deformation of solid rocks by plastic flow. At the core-mantle boundary (CMB), 2900 km deep, seismologists have discovered that seismic waves travel faster in certain directions. This seismic anisotropy appears to be related to the deformation of the constituent minerals. To understand the deformation mechanisms of mineral phases at this depth, researchers from Yale and UC Berkeley re-created the ultrahigh pressures of the deep Earth at ALS Beamline 12.2.2 while conducting in situ x-ray diffraction experiments to probe changes in crystal orientations.

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

341

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of kilometers. Because Earth is mostly solid (except for its liquid-iron outer core), this convection causes deformation of solid rocks by plastic flow. At the core-mantle boundary (CMB), 2900 km deep, seismologists have discovered that seismic waves travel faster in certain directions. This seismic anisotropy appears to be related to the deformation of the constituent minerals. To understand the deformation mechanisms of mineral phases at this depth, researchers from Yale and UC Berkeley re-created the ultrahigh pressures of the deep Earth at ALS Beamline 12.2.2 while conducting in situ x-ray diffraction experiments to probe changes in crystal orientations.

342

Microsoft Word - Bell-BoundaryFiber_CX_2013

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Amanda Williams Amanda Williams Project Manager - TEP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Bell-Boundary Fiber Project Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.7 - Fiber optic cable Location: Spokane and Pend Orielle counties, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to install new fiber optic line along 90 miles of existing BPA transmission lines in Spokane and Pend Orielle counties in Washington (see Figure 1). It would extend from Bell Substation in Spokane, WA to Boundary Substation 8 miles north of Metaline Falls, WA. The fiber would be strung on the Bell-Boundary No. 1 transmission line and run through Sacheen and Cusick substations along the route. BPA would install overhead fiber optic cable on existing towers or on fiber optic wood poles where

343

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of kilometers. Because Earth is mostly solid (except for its liquid-iron outer core), this convection causes deformation of solid rocks by plastic flow. At the core-mantle boundary (CMB), 2900 km deep, seismologists have discovered that seismic waves travel faster in certain directions. This seismic anisotropy appears to be related to the deformation of the constituent minerals. To understand the deformation mechanisms of mineral phases at this depth, researchers from Yale and UC Berkeley re-created the ultrahigh pressures of the deep Earth at ALS Beamline 12.2.2 while conducting in situ x-ray diffraction experiments to probe changes in crystal orientations.

344

Surface Ion Cyclotron Waves Propagating Across an External Magnetic Field

Properties of ordinary polarized surface ion cyclotron waves (SICW) propagating along boundary of non-uniform plasma at harmonics of ion cyclotron frequency are studied. Analytical expressions for eigen frequency and damping rates determined by collision and collisionless mechanisms are derived. Influence of plasma waveguide system on spatial distribution of the waves' field and power flow is examined both analytically and numerically.

Girka, Volodymyr O.; Girka, Igor O.; Klyzhka, Anton V.; Pavlenko, Ivan V. [Kharkiv 'Karazin' National University, Department of Physics and Technology, Svobody sq., 4, Kharkiv, 61077 (Ukraine)

2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

345

Boundary Analysis for H2 Production by Fermentation

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boundary Analysis for Boundary Analysis for H2 Production by Fermentation Submitted To: National Renewable Energy Laboratory by Tim Eggeman, Ph.D., P.E. Neoterics International March 12, 2004 Bioprocess * Energy * Chemicals * Polymers NEOTERICS INTERNATIONAL Using Technology to Create Business Innovation 303-358-6390 2319 S. Ellis Ct. time@frii.com Lakewood, CO 80228 March 12, 2004 Margaret Mann National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, MS 1613 Golden, CO 80401 Dear Maggie: Enclosed is a conceptual design and order-of-magnitude economic analysis for the production of hydrogen by fermentation of carbohydrates under the following design basis:

346

Coherence Properties of Optical Fields

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a review of coherence properties of electromagnetic fields and their measurements, with special emphasis on the optical region of the spectrum. Analyses based on both the classical and quantum theories are described. After a brief historical introduction, the elementary concepts which are frequently employed in the discussion of interference phenomena are summarized. The measure of second-order coherence is then introduced in connection with the analysis of a simple interference experiment and some of the more important second-order coherence effects are studied. Their uses in stellar interferometry and interference spectroscopy are described. Analysis of partial polarization from the standpoint of correlation theory is also outlined. The general statistical description of the field is discussed in some detail. The recently discovered universal "diagonal" representation of the density operator for free fields is also considered and it is shown how, with the help of the associated generalized phase-space distribution function, the quantum-mechanical correlation functions may be expressed in the same form as the classical ones. The sections which follow deal with the statistical properties of thermal and nonthermal light, and with the temporal and spatial coherence of blackbody radiation. Later sections, dealing with fourth- and higher-order coherence effects include a discussion of the photoelectric detection process. Among the fourth-order effects described in detail are bunching phenomena, the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect and its application to astronomy. The article concludes with a discussion of various transient superposition effects, such as light beats and interference fringes produced by independent light beams.

L. MANDEL and E. WOLF

1965-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...drainage, increased use of agrochemicals and fertilisers, loss of...qualified under the British Agrochemical Supply Industry Scheme...standard meas- ure of seedbank composition. The number of seedlings...Factors affecting the species composition of arable field boundary...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Lichnerowicz-Type Theorems for Self-gravitating Systems with Nonlinear Electromagnetic Fields

We consider a self-gravitating system containing a globally timelike Killing vector and a nonlinear Born-Infeld electromagnetic field and scalar fields. We prove that under certain boundary conditions (asymptotically flat/AdS) there can't be any nontrivial field configurations in the spacetime. To explore nontrivial solutions one should break any of the conditions we imposed. The case with another type of nonlinear electromagnetic field is also analyzed, and similar conclusions have been obtained under certain conditions.

Li-Ming Cao; Yuxuan Peng; Jianfei Xu

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

349

ARM - Field Campaign - CASES Data Analysis

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsCASES Data Analysis govCampaignsCASES Data Analysis Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : CASES Data Analysis 2004.07.01 - 2009.06.30 Lead Scientist : Margaret LeMone Description CASES Data Analysis: Potential Benefits Diurnal variation of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer. Taken together, the two Cooperative Atmosphere Surface Exchange Study (CASES) field programs, CASES-97 (morning and evening) and CASES-99 (evening, night, morning) provide a robust dataset for looking at the diurnal changes of the wind, temperature, humidity and their vertical transports near the ground and through the lowest few kilometers where surface effects are directly felt - the atmospheric boundary layer. Much of our observational knowledge

350

NANO REVIEW Open Access Thermal conductivity and thermal boundary

NANO REVIEW Open Access Thermal conductivity and thermal boundary resistance of nanostructures and the thermal transport prop- erties is a key point to design materials with preferred thermal properties with the heat dissipation on them. The influence of the interfacial roughness on the thermal conductivity

Boyer, Edmond

351

Pushing the boundaries of the thermal conductivity of materials

Pushing the boundaries of the thermal conductivity of materials David G. Cahill, C. Chiritescu, Y. · Advances in time-domain thermoreflectance. · Amorphous limit to the thermal conductivity of materials. #12;50 nm Interfaces are critical at the nanoscale · Low thermal conductivity in nanostructured

Braun, Paul

352

BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR THE SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS WITH TOPOGRAPHY

BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR THE SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS WITH TOPOGRAPHY MING-CHENG SHIUE, JACQUES LAMINIE, ROGER TEMAM, AND JOSEPH TRIBBIA Abstract. In this article, the nonviscous shallow water equations) for subcritical and supercritical flows are associated with these equations. The semi- discrete cental

Temam, Roger

353

Experimental Validation of an Algorithm for Cooperative Boundary Tracking

blooms [2,11], chemical plumes [5,8], and adaptive ocean sampling [7], to future applications including oil spills or hazardous chemicals. Automated algorithms for boundary tracking are the subject tracking using a platform of vehicles that possess adequate sensors for measuring spatial gradients

Soatto, Stefano

354

Boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and Bethe vectors

Solutions to boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations are constructed as bilateral sums involving "off-shell" Bethe vectors in case the reflection matrix is diagonal and only the 2-dimensional representation of $U_q(\\hat{\\frak{sl}(2)})$ is involved. We also consider their rational and classical degenerations.

Nicolai Reshetikhin; Jasper Stokman; Bart Vlaar

2014-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

355

The Constitution of Christian Communal Boundaries and Spheres in Jordan

1 The Constitution of Christian Communal Boundaries and Spheres in Jordan Géraldine Chatelard districts (Ajlun, Salt, and Karak) east of the Jordan River in villages and towns. There were few Christians of the province of Syria, the Greek Orthodox church, to which all Christians East of the Jordan river were

Boyer, Edmond

356

Beyond boundaries: the home as city infrastructure for smart citizens

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-cost sensing technologies that stream data into web platforms have become increasingly available for households, blurring the boundaries between the public and the private. In this paper we draw on our experience with the Smart Citizen crowdsensing ... Keywords: crowdsensing, home-based technologies, internet of things, smart cities

Mara Balestrini; Tomas Diez; Paul Marshall

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

NASA/TM2014218280 Analysis of Well-Clear Boundary

NASA/TM�2014�218280 Analysis of Well-Clear Boundary Models for the Integration of UAS in the NAS Research Center, Hampton, Virginia June 2014 #12;NASA STI Program . . . in Profile Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA scientific

Muñoz, César A.

358

Topological order in Josephson junction ladders with Mobius boundary conditions

We propose a CFT description for a closed one-dimensional fully frustrated ladder of quantum Josephson junctions with Mobius boundary conditions, in particular we show how such a system can develop topological order. Such a property is crucial for its implementation as a "protected" solid state qubit.

G. Cristofano; V. Marotta; A. Naddeo

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

359

Spheromak formation and sustainment by tangential boundary flows

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nonlinear resistive three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic equations are solved numerically to demonstrate the possibility of forming and sustaining a spheromak by forcing tangential flows at the plasma boundary. The method can be explained in terms of helicity injection. Several features previously observed in dc helicity injection experiments are reproduced and analyzed.

Pablo Luis Garca-Martnez; Ricardo Farengo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Meta-Design: Expanding Boundaries and Redistributing Control in Design

Meta-Design: Expanding Boundaries and Redistributing Control in Design Gerhard Fischer Center for Lifelong Learning and Design University of Colorado, Boulder http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/ Abstract. Meta-design is an emerging conceptual framework aimed at defining and creating socio

Fischer, Gerhard

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

361

OFFSHORE BOUNDARY-LAYER MODELLING H. Bergstrm1

OFFSHORE BOUNDARY-LAYER MODELLING H. Bergström1 and R. Barthelmie2 1) Uppsala Univ., Dept. of Earth) of the ENDOW (EfficieNt Development of Offshore Windfarms) project, where the objectives are to provide currently be incorporated into a wind farm design tool. The offshore thermal stratification climate is also

362

On Boundary Control Problems in Slow Processes for Piezothermoelastic Plates

We consider a piezothermoelastic panel occupied by a material of hexagonal crystal class. We study the response when the boundary conditions vary very slowly with time and one of the bounding faces is subject to thermal exposure. We show that in some cases the temperature on the other bounding face can be controlled by the difference of electric potential between the faces.

Adriano Montanaro

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

363

Modeling boundary measurements of scattered light using the corrected

to numerical solutions of the radiative transport equation. © 2012 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (170Adams and B. J. Tromberg, "Boundary conditions for the diffusion equation in radiative transfer," J. Opt. Soc element method to solve the diffusion equation. We show that this corrected diffusion approximation models

Kim, Arnold D.

364

Domain boundary prediction based on profile domain linker propensity index

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Successful prediction of protein domain boundaries provides valuable information not only for the computational structure prediction of multi-domain proteins but also for the experimental structure determination. In this work, a novel index at the profile ... Keywords: Domain, Domain linker, Profile

Qiwen Dong; Xiaolong Wang; Lei Lin; Zhiming Xu

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Non-dissipative boundary feedback for Rayleigh and Timoshenko beams

Non-dissipative boundary feedback for Rayleigh and Timoshenko beams Chris Guiver and Mark R. Opmeer-dissipative feedback that has been shown in the literature to exponentially stabilize an Euler-Bernoulli beam makes a Rayleigh beam and a Timoshenko beam unstable. 1 Introduction Feedback control of beams is a much studied

Opmeer, Mark

366

The Evolution of Boundary Pressure in Ocean Basins

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The boundary pressure adjustment process on an ocean basin scale is elucidated in two sets of numerical experiments. First, an initial-value problem is posed in a primitive equation shallow-water model that leads to significant changes in the ...

Ralph F. Milliff; James C. McWilliams

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Environmental Boundary Tracking and Estimation Using Multiple Autonomous Vehicles

and Andrea L. Bertozzi Abstract-- In this paper, we develop a framework for envi- ronmental boundary tracking from multiple sensing vehicles. For each vehicle, a tracking algorithm is developed based on Page, harmful algae blooms, wild fire spreading, temperature and salinity distribution in the ocean

Soatto, Stefano

368

Trans Boundary Transport of Pollutants by Atmospheric Mineral

Trans Boundary Transport of Pollutants by Atmospheric Mineral Dust Y I G A L E R E L , * , U R I D, and solid constituents in the atmosphere (3-11). Uptake of pollutants by mineral dust has been shown Jerusalem, Israel The transport of anthropogenic pollution by desert dust in the Eastern Mediterranean

Einat, Aharonov

369

Transmission Line Boundary Protection Using Wavelet Transform and Neural Network

1 Transmission Line Boundary Protection Using Wavelet Transform and Neural Network Nan Zhang of transmission line protection are: a) differentiating precisely the internal faults from external, and b is verified using frequency-dependent transmission line model and the test results prove its enhanced

370

Constructing a class of solutions for the Hamilton-Jacobi equation in field theory

A new approach leading to the formulation of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for field theories is investigated within the framework of jet bundles and multisymplectic manifolds. An algorithm associating classes of solutions to given sets of boundary conditions of the field equations is provided. The paper also puts into evidence the intrinsic limits of the Hamilton-Jacobi method as an algorithm to determine families of solutions of the field equations, showing how the choice of the boundary data is often limited by compatibility conditions.

Bruno, Danilo [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Genova, Via Dodecaneso, 35-16146 Genova (Italy)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Colors of Objects in the Field of the Double Quasi-Stellar Object 1146+111B,C

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exposures of five calibration standard stars, were obtained under photo-metric conditions...scenar-io must involve predominantly dark (no stars) matter. We first outline the search...measured the apparent brightness ofall stars and galaxies in the field, a total of...

J. ANTHONY TYSON; CRAIG A. GULLIXSON

1986-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

372

Optimization code with weighting function for the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fields

We developed a code for the reconstruction of nonlinear force-free and non-force-free coronal magnetic fields. The 3D magnetic field is computed numerically with the help of an optimization principle. The force-free and non-force-free codes are compiled in one program. The force-free approach needs photospheric vector magnetograms as input. The non-force-free code additionally requires the line-of-sight integrated coronal density distribution in combination with a tomographic inversion code. Previously the optimization approach has been used to compute magnetic fields using all six boundaries of a computational box. Here we extend this method and show how the coronal magnetic field can be reconstructed only from the bottom boundary, where the boundary conditions are measured with vector magnetographs. The program is planed for use within the Stereo mission.

T. Wiegelmann

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

We show how to realize a ``protected'' qubit by using a fully frustrated Josephson Junction ladder (JJL) with Mobius boundary conditions. Such a system has been recently studied within a twisted conformal field theory (CFT) approach (Mod. Phys. Lett. A 15 (2000) 1679; Nucl. Phys. B 641 (2002) 547) and shown to develop the phenomenon of flux fractionalization (Eur. Phys. J. B 49 (2006) 83). The relevance of a ``closed'' geometry has been fully exploited in relating the topological properties of the ground state of the system to the presence of half flux quanta and the emergence of a topological order has been predicted (JSTAT (2005) P03006). In this letter the stability and transformation properties of the ground states under adiabatic magnetic flux change are analyzed and the deep consequences on the realization of a solid state qubit, protected from decoherence, are presented.

Gerardo Cristofano; Vincenzo Marotta; Adele Naddeo; Giuliano Niccoli

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

374

Model of the boundary layer of a vacuum-arc magnetic filter

A model is developed to describe the electrostatic boundary layer in a positively biased magnetic filter in filtered arcs with low collisionality. The set of equations used includes the electron momentum equation, with an anomalous collision term due to micro-instabilities leading to Bohm diffusion, electron mass conservation, and Poisson equation. Analytical solutions are obtained, valid for the regimes of interest, leading to an explicit expression to determine the electron density current to the filter wall as a function of the potential of the filter and the ratio of electron density at the plasma to that at the filter wall. Using a set of planar and cylindrical probes it is verified experimentally that the mentioned ratio of electron densities remains reasonably constant for different magnetic field values and probe bias, which allows to obtain a closed expression for the current. Comparisons are made with the experimentally determined current collected at different sections of a positively biased straight filter.

Minotti, F.; Giuliani, L.; Grondona, D.; Della Torre, H.; Kelly, H. [Departamento de Fisica, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Instituto de Fisica del Plasma, CONICET-UBA, Cdad. Universitaria, Pab.I, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

375

Structure, chemistry, and stress corrosion cracking of grain boundaries in alloys 600 and 690

The microstructure in six commercial batches of alloys 600 and 690 has been investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), analytical transmission electron microscopy (ATEM), atom probe field ion microscopy (APFIM), and secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS). The materials were also tested with respect to their resistance to intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) in high-purity water at 365 C. Applied microanalytical techniques allowed direct measurement of carbon concentration in the matrix together with determination of grain boundary microstructure and microchemistry in all material conditions. The distribution of oxygen near a crack in material tested with respect to IGSCC was also investigated. The role of carbon and chromium and intergranular precipitates on IGSCC is discussed.

Stiller, K. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Physics; Nilsson, J.O. [AB Sandvik Steel, Sandviken (Sweden); Norring, K. [Studsvik Material AB, Nykoeping (Sweden)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Magnetic Field Safety Training

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safety Training Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain...

377

Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety

Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain medical conditions such as pacemakers, magnetic implants, or embedded shrapnel. In addition, high magnetic

McQuade, D. Tyler

378

Boundary County, Idaho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

Boundary County, Idaho: Energy Resources Boundary County, Idaho: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 48.7987617°, -116.5627065° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.7987617,"lon":-116.5627065,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

379

Technoeconomic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen Production

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

60-46674 60-46674 September 2009 Technoeconomic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen Production March 27, 2008 - August 31, 2009 B.D. James, G.N. Baum, J. Perez, and K.N. Baum Directed Technologies, Inc. Arlington, Virginia National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Subcontract Report NREL/SR-560-46674 September 2009 Technoeconomic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen Production March 27, 2008 - August 31, 2009 B.D. James, G.N. Baum, J. Perez, and K.N. Baum

380

Flow boundary conditions for chain-end adsorbing polymer blends

Using the phenol-terminated polycarbonate blend as an example, we demonstrate that the hydrodynamic boundary conditions for a flow of an adsorbing polymer melt are extremely sensitive to the structure of the epitaxial layer. Under shear, the adsorbed parts (chain ends) of the polymer melt move along the equipotential lines of the surface potential whereas the adsorbed additives serve as the surface defects. In response to the increase of the number of the adsorbed additives the surface layer becomes thinner and solidifies. This results in a gradual transition from the slip to the no-slip boundary condition for the melt flow, with a non-monotonic dependence of the slip length on the surface concentration of the adsorbed ends.

X. Zhou; D. Andrienko; L. Delle Site; K. Kremer

2005-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

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381

Boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and fusion

In this paper we extend our previous results concerning Jackson integral solutions of the boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations with diagonal K-operators to higher-spin representations of quantum affine $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$. First we give a systematic exposition of known results on $R$-operators acting in the tensor product of evaluation representations in Verma modules over quantum $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$. We develop the corresponding fusion of $K$-operators, which we use to construct diagonal $K$-operators in these representations. We construct Jackson integral solutions of the associated boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and explain how in the finite-dimensional case they can be obtained from our previous results by the fusion procedure.

Nicolai Reshetikhin; Jasper Stokman; Bart Vlaar

2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

382

Boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and fusion

In this paper we extend our previous results concerning Jackson integral solutions of the boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations with diagonal $K$-operators to higher-spin representations of quantum affine $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$. First we give a systematic exposition of known results on $R$-operators acting in the tensor product of evaluation representations in Verma modules over quantum $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$. We develop the corresponding fusion of $K$-operators, which we use to construct diagonal $K$-operators in these representations. We construct Jackson integral solutions of the associated boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and explain how in the finite-dimensional case they can be obtained from our previous results by the fusion procedure.

Nicolai Reshetikhin; Jasper Stokman; Bart Vlaar

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

383

Warm Bias and Parameterization of Boundary Upwelling in Ocean Models

It has been demonstrated that Eastern Boundary Currents (EBC) are a baroclinic intensification of the interior circulation of the ocean due to the emergence of mesoscale eddies in response to the sharp buoyancy gradients driven by the wind-stress and the thermal surface forcing. The eddies accomplish the heat and salt transport necessary to insure that the subsurface flow is adiabatic, compensating for the heat and salt transport effected by the mean currents. The EBC thus generated occurs on a cross-shore scale of order 20-100 km, and thus this scale needs to be resolved in climate models in order to capture the meridional transport by the EBC. Our result indicate that changes in the near shore currents on the oceanic eastern boundaries are linked not just to local forcing, such as coastal changes in the winds, but depend on the basin-wide circulation as well.

Cessi, Paola; Wolfe, Christopher

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

384

Topology of the Causal Boundary for Standard Static Spacetimes

The topology of the causal boundary for standard static spacetimes--spacetimes time-invariantly conformal to a metric product of the Lorentz line and a Riemannian manifold--is studied in depth. As this is given in terms of a set of real-valued functions on the Riemannian factor, one could use a function-space topology, but physical reasons recommend a chronological topology instead. The function-space topology has a simple product structure, while the chronological topology might not. This paper examines when the chronological topology coincides with the function-space topology and when it has a simple product structure. A class of standard static spacetimes is examined, all of which yield a simple product structure for the causal boundary; the conformal class of these spacetimes includes classical spacetimes such as external Schwarzschild or Reissner-Nordstrom.

Jose' L. Flores; Steven G. Harris

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

385

Kinetically determined shapes of grain boundaries in CVD graphene

Predicting the shape of grain boundaries is essential to control results of the growth of large graphene crystals. A global energy minimum search predicting the most stable final structure contradicts experimental observations. Here we present Monte Carlo simulation of kinetic formation of grain boundaries (GB) in graphene during collision of two growing graphene flakes. Analysis of the resulting GBs for the full range of misorientation angles $\\alpha$ allowed us to identify a hidden (from post facto analysis such as microscopy) degree of freedom - the edge misorientation angle $\\beta$. Edge misorientation characterizes initial structure rather than final structure and therefore provides more information about growth conditions. Use of $\\beta$ enabled us to explain disagreements between the experimental observations and theoretical work. Finally, we report an analysis of an interesting special case of zero-tilt GBs for which structure is determined by two variables describing the relative shift of initial isl...

Bets, Ksenia V; Yakobson, Boris I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Structural Dependence of Grain Boundary Resistivity in Copper Nanowires

We report the direct measurement of individual grain boundary (GB) resistances and the critical role of GB structure in the increased resistivity in copper nanowires. By measuring both intra- and inter-grain resistance with a four-probe scanning tunneling microscope, large resistance jumps are revealed owing to successive scattering across high-angle random GBs, while the resistance changes at twin and other coincidence boundaries are negligibly small. The impurity distributions in the nanowires are characterized in correlating to the microstructures. The resistance of high symmetry coincidence GBs and the impurity contributions are then calculated using a first-principle method which confirms that the coincidence GBs have orders of magnitude smaller resistance than the high-angle random GBs.

Evans III, Boyd Mccutchen [ORNL; Kenik, Edward A [ORNL; Kim, Tae Hwan [ORNL; Kulkarni, Nagraj S [ORNL; Li, An-Ping [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Radhakrishnan, Bala [ORNL; Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Plasma boundary considerations for the national compact stellarator experiment

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The national compact stellarator experiment (NCSX) [EPS 2001, Madeira, Portugal, 1822 June 2001] is a new fusion project located at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ. Plasma boundary control in stellarators has been shown to be very effective in improving plasma performance [EPS 2001, Madeira, Portugal, 1822 June 2001] and, accordingly, will be an important element from the very beginning of the NCSX design. Plasma-facing components will be developed systematically according to our understanding of the NCSX boundary, with the eventual goal to develop a divertor with all the benefits for impurity and neutrals control. Neutrals calculations have been started to investigate the effect of neutrals penetration at various cross-sections.

P. Mioduszewski; A. Grossman; M. Fenstermacher; A. Koniges; L. Owen; T. Rognlien; M. Umansky

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Two-dimensional lithium beam imaging technique has been applied in the spherical tokamak CPD (compact plasma wall interaction experimental device) to study the effects of magnetic field configurations on rf plasma boundary in the absence of any plasma current, and also for the measurement of a two-dimensional edge electron density profile. With the present working condition of the diagnostics, the minimum measured electron density can be {approx}1.0x10{sup 16} m{sup -3}; this is considered to be the definition for the plasma boundary. The performance of the lithium sheet beam is absolutely calibrated using a quartz crystal monitor. Experimental results reveal that magnetic field configuration, either mirror or so-called null, critically affects the rf plasma boundary. A sharp lower boundary is found to exist in magnetic null configuration, which is quite different from that in the weak mirror configuration. Theoretical calculations of particle drift orbit and magnetic connection length (wall-to-wall) suggest that only mirror trapped particles are confined within a region where the magnetic connection length is {approx}4.0 m or more. A two-dimensional edge electron density profile is obtained from the observed Li I intensity profile. Overdense plasma formation is discussed from the viewpoint of mode conversion of rf wave into electron Bernstein wave and its dependence on the electron density profile.

Bhattacharyay, R.; Inada, Y.; Kikukawa, T.; Watanabe, S.; Sasaki, K.; Ryoukai, T. [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Science, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816 8580 (Japan); Zushi, H.; Hasegawa, M.; Hanada, K.; Sato, K. N.; Nakamura, K.; Sakamoto, M.; Idei, H.; Yoshinaga, T.; Kawasaki, S.; Nakashima, H.; Higashijima, A. [Research Institute of Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816 8580 (Japan); Morisaki, T. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509 5292 (Japan)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two-dimensional lithium beam imaging technique has been applied in the spherical tokamak CPD (compact plasma wall interaction experimental device) to study the effects of magnetic field configurations on rf plasma boundary in the absence of any plasma current and also for the measurement of a two-dimensional edge electron density profile. With the present working condition of the diagnostics the minimum measured electron density can be ? 1.0 10 16 m ? 3 ; this is considered to be the definition for the plasma boundary. The performance of the lithium sheet beam is absolutely calibrated using a quartz crystal monitor. Experimental results reveal that magnetic field configuration either mirror or so-called null critically affects the rf plasma boundary. A sharp lower boundary is found to exist in magnetic null configuration which is quite different from that in the weak mirror configuration. Theoretical calculations of particle drift orbit and magnetic connection length (wall-to-wall) suggest that only mirror trapped particles are confined within a region where the magnetic connection length is ? 4.0 m or more. A two-dimensional edge electron density profile is obtained from the observed Li I intensity profile. Overdense plasma formation is discussed from the viewpoint of mode conversion of rf wave into electron Bernstein wave and its dependence on the electron density profile.

R. Bhattacharyay; H. Zushi; T. Morisaki; Y. Inada; T. Kikukawa; S. Watanabe; K. Sasaki; T. Ryoukai; M. Hasegawa; K. Hanada; K. N. Sato; K. Nakamura; M. Sakamoto; H. Idei; T. Yoshinaga; S. Kawasaki; H. Nakashima; A. Higashijima

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Slip-boundary effects on the polar liquid film motor (PLFM) -- a novel micro-fluidic device with important implications for advancing knowledge on liquid micro-film's structure, dynamics, modeling and technology -- are studied. We develop a mathematical model, under slip boundary conditions, describing electro-hydro-dynamical rotations in the PLFMs induced either by direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC) fields. Our main results are: (i) rotation characteristics depend on the ratio $k=l_{s}/D$ ($l_{s}$ denotes the slip length, resulting from the interface's impact on the structure of the liquid and $D$ denotes the film's diameter). (ii) As $k$ ($k>-1/2$) increases: (a) PLFMs subsequently exhibit rotation characteristics under "negative-", "no-", "partial-" and "perfect-" slip boundary conditions; (b) the maximum value of the linear velocity of the steady rotating liquid film increases and its location approaches the film's border; (c) the decay of the angular velocities' dependency on the distance from the center of the film slows down, resulting in a macroscopic flow near the boundary. (iii) In addition to $k$, the rotation characteristics of the AC PLFM depend on the magnitudes, the frequencies, and the phase difference of the AC fields. (iv) Our analytical derived rotation speed distributions are consistent with the existing experimental ones.

Zhong-Qiang Liu; Su-Rong Jiang; Tamar A. Yinnon; Xiang-Mu Kong; Ying-Jun Li

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

391

Intergranular degradation assessment via random grain boundary network analysis

A method is disclosed for determining the resistance of polycrystalline materials to intergranular degradation or failure (IGDF), by analyzing the random grain boundary network connectivity (RGBNC) microstructure. Analysis of the disruption of the RGBNC microstructure may be assess the effectiveness of materials processing in increasing IGDF resistance. Comparison of the RGBNC microstructures of materials exposed to extreme operating conditions to unexposed materials may be used to diagnose and predict possible onset of material failure due to

Kumar, Mukul (San Ramon, CA); Schwartz, Adam J. (Pleasanton, CA); King, Wayne E. (San Ramon, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Spheromak formation and sustainment by tangential boundary flows

The nonlinear, resistive, 3D magnetohydrodynamic equations are solved numerically to demonstrate the possibility of forming and sustaining a spheromak by forcing tangential flows at the plasma boundary. The method can by explained in terms of helicity injection and differs from other helicity injection methods employed in the past. Several features which were also observed in previous dc helicity injection experiments are identified and discussed.

Garca-Martnez, Pablo Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic boundary detection Sample Search...

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to detect boundaries occurring... observations angle 1 w.r.t. the y axis and detects a point (xi, yi) on the boundary with error i along... -zero sensing angles provided sensors...

394

Port Hamiltonian Formulation of Infinite Dimensional Systems II. Boundary Control by Interconnection

Port Hamiltonian Formulation of Infinite Dimensional Systems II. Boundary Control, some new results concerning the boundary control of distributed parameter systems in port Hamiltonian form are presented. The classical finite dimen- sional port Hamiltonian formulation of a dynamical

Schaft, Arjan van der

395

Convection Initiation along Soil Moisture Boundaries in the Southern Great Plains

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Boundaries between two dissimilar air masses have been shown to be the focus region for convection initiation. One feature that has been shown to create these boundaries, as well as mesoscale circulation patterns conducive for convection, is soil ...

John D. Frye; Thomas L. Mote

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

A Cartesian grid embedded boundary method for the heatA Cartesian Grid Embedded Boundary Method for the HeatError Grid Size Fig. 17. Solution error for heat equation on

Schwartz, Peter; Barad, Michael; Colella, Phillip; Ligocki, Terry

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Immersed Boundary Methods in the Lattice Boltzmann Equation for Flow Simulation

In this dissertation, we explore direct-forcing immersed boundary methods (IBM) under the framework of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), which is called the direct-forcing immersed boundary-lattice Boltzmann method (IB-LBM). First, we derive...

Kang, Shin Kyu

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

398

Characterization of wind noise by the boundary layer meteorology

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fluctuations in pressure generated by turbulent motions of the atmospheric boundary layer are a principal noise source in outdoor acoustic measurements. The mechanics of wind noise involve not only stagnation pressure fluctuations at the sensor but also shearing and self-interaction of turbulence throughout the flow particularly at low frequencies. The contributions of these mechanisms can be described by the boundary-layer meteorology. An experiment was conducted at the National Wind Institute's 200-meter meteorological tower located outside Lubbock Texas in the Llano Estacado region. For two days a 44-element 400-meter diameter array of unscreened NCPA-UMX infrasound sensors recorded wind noise continuously while the tower and a Doppler SODAR measured vertical profiles of the boundary layer. Analysis of the fluctuating pressure with the meteorological data shows that the statistical structure of wind noise depends on both mean velocity distribution and buoyant stability. The root-mean-square pressure exhibits distinct scalings for stable and unstable stratification. Normalization of the pressure power spectral density depends on the outer scales. In stable conditions the kurtosis of the wind noise increases with Reynolds number. Measures of noise intermittency are explored with respect to the meteorology.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Spontaneous free-boundary structure in crumpled membranes

We investigate the strong curvature that appears at the boundaries of a thin crumpled elastic membrane. We account for these high-curvature regions in terms of the stretching-ridge singularity believed to dominate the structure of strongly deformed elastic membranes. Using a membrane fastened to itself to form a bag shape with a single stretching ridge, we show that the creation of points of high boundary curvature lowers the interior ridge's energy. In the limit of small thickness, the induced curvature becomes arbitrarily strong on the scale of the object size and results in sharp edges connecting interior vertices to the boundary. REVISED: We analyze these edges as conical sectors with no stretching. As the membrane size diverges, the edge energy grows as the square root of the central ridge energy. For comparison, we discuss the effect of truncating a stretching ridge at its ends. The effect of truncation becomes appreciable when the truncation length is comparable to the width of the untruncated ridge.

T. A. Witten

2008-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

400

Boundary-Spokane/Colville Valley Support Project : Environmental Assessment.

Systems studies conducted by Bonneville Power Administration indicate a need to reinforce the existing transmission system in the Colville Valley area of Washington. Analysis of several options concluded that the optimal solution for reliability and transmission loss concerns, to serve load growth, and to integrate new power generation projects was to increase transmission voltage capacity between Half Moon Substation and Boundary Substation. The Boundary-Spokane/Colville Valley Support Project is a plan to accomplish this. The project involves rebuilding an existing 91-mile single-circuit 115-kV line between Half Moon Substation and Metaline Falls to double-circuit 230-kV configuration, and adding a single-circuit 230-kV line between Metaline Falls and Boundary Substation, a distance of 9 miles. A route option and a tower design option are being evaluated for selected sections of the proposed route. The proposed action, including route and tower design options, is evaluated in this document. This evaluation includes assessments of the level of environmental impacts and impact ratings, and a comparison of options. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of the delay/no-action and conservation alternatives are evaluated and compared to the consequences of the proposed action. Alternatives to the proposed action are described. 6 figs., 10 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

401

Synergism between creep ductility and grain boundary bubbles

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The marked decrease in creep ductility that can be caused by internal pressure in grain boundary pores is modelled to treat the interaction between boundary diffusion, power law creep, and bubble pressure. The application to 2.25 Cr?1 Mo steel in high pressure hydrogen is treated numerically using a computer program since here the internal methane pressure in pores is known, and kinetic data exists. Reasonable agreement is obtained between the predictions and the observed loss in ductility in the presence of 21 \\{MPa\\} of hydrogen. With methane pressurized bubbles, the model suggests intergranular fracture is powerlaw creep limited at essentially all temperatures and stresses. Thus one predicts the hydrogen attack resistance in service to be strongly influenced by the creep strength of the alloy. In the absence of hydrogen (methane), intergranular fracture should be limited by diffusion creep and thus much more sensitive to pore density and boundary diffusion rate than strength. Possible application to recent high temperature steamline failures in welded pipe and to helium effects in nuclear reactor materials are also indicated.

P. Shewmon

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Boundary layer transition as a source of noise and vibration

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When laminar flow over a rigid or flexible surface becomes unstable an intermittent flow state occurs. This intermittent flow regime called the transition region is where turbulent spots are created and then grow as they convect downstream at a velocity typically equal to 0.7 times the free?stream velocity. The spots eventually coalesce to form the beginning of the fully developed turbulent boundary layer. The statistics of the velocity or pressure fluctuations in the transition region are essentially stationary in time but nonhomogeneous in the streamwise direction. Fundamentally it has been argued that this region is capable of creating monopole sound radiation e.g. Lauchle [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 69 665671 (1981)] and Sornette and Lagier [Acustica 55 255267 (1984)]. Also it has been suspected that a transitional boundary layer can induce wall vibrations. These issues have been under study for some time. We have completed a set of measurements on the. space?time statistics of turbulent spots in a naturally occurring transition zone and from them developed an analytical model for the wavenumber?frequency spectrum of the pressure fluctuations. Based on this model it appears that the transition zone wall pressure is less intense than that of a fully developed turbulent layer by a factor equal approximately to the intermittency factor. This presentation will review the current research findings on wall pressure fluctuations and radiated sound caused by boundary layer transition. [Work supported by Applied Research Laboratory under NAVSEA contract.

Gerald C. Lauchle; M. A. Josserand

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Improving Subtropical Boundary Layer Cloudiness in the 2011 NCEP GFS

The current operational version of National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Forecasting System (GFS) shows significant low cloud bias. These biases also appear in the Coupled Forecast System (CFS), which is developed from the GFS. These low cloud biases degrade seasonal and longer climate forecasts, particularly of short-wave cloud radiative forcing, and affect predicted sea surface temperature. Reducing this bias in the GFS will aid the development of future CFS versions and contributes to NCEP's goal of unified weather and climate modelling. Changes are made to the shallow convection and planetary boundary layer parameterisations to make them more consistent with current knowledge of these processes and to reduce the low cloud bias. These changes are tested in a single-column version of GFS and in global simulations with GFS coupled to a dynamical ocean model. In the single-column model, we focus on changing parameters that set the following: the strength of shallow cumulus lateral entrainment, the conversion of updraught liquid water to precipitation and grid-scale condensate, shallow cumulus cloud top, and the effect of shallow convection in stratocumulus environments. Results show that these changes improve the single-column simulations when compared to large eddy simulations, in particular through decreasing the precipitation efficiency of boundary layer clouds. These changes, combined with a few other model improvements, also reduce boundary layer cloud and albedo biases in global coupled simulations.

Fletcher, J. K.; Bretherton, Christopher S.; Xiao, Heng; Sun, Ruiyu N.; Han, J.

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

404

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use a Lagrangian stochastic micromixing model to predict the concentration fluctuations of a continuous release in a neutral boundary layer. We present the computational algorithm that implements the interaction by exchange with the conditional mean model and we compare the numerical solutions with the experimental values in order to evaluate the reliability of the model. The influence of the source size on the concentration probability density function in the near and far-field is discussed and some shortcomings of the model are pointed out.

Massimo Marro; Chiara Nironi; Pietro Salizzoni; Lionel Soulhac

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

, increase in w by removing the dummy -1 bases was 4. 2 cm/sec , and u for these runs was 330 cm/sec -I ?? Using sin [w/u] as a measure of the tilt of the wind field gave an inclination of . 72', in fair agreement with KAIMAL's relation. Therefore.... '?'illlam H. Clayton Direct measurements of the eddy fluxes of mo. . . entum and heat were. made in the atmospheric boundary layer simultaneously with measurements of the profiles of average wind velocity and tempera- ture to evaluate the capability...

Jensen, Paul Alfred

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

406

Compact boson stars in K field theories

We study a scalar field theory with a non-standard kinetic term minimally coupled to gravity. We establish the existence of compact boson stars, that is, static solutions with compact support of the full system with self-gravitation taken into account. Concretely, there exist two types of solutions, namely compact balls on the one hand, and compact shells on the other hand. The compact balls have a naked singularity at the center. The inner boundary of the compact shells is singular, as well, but it is, at the same time, a Killing horizon. These singular, compact shells therefore resemble black holes.

C. Adam; N. Grandi; P. Klimas; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

2009-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

407

Compact boson stars in K field theories

We study a scalar field theory with a non-standard kinetic term minimally coupled to gravity. We establish the existence of compact boson stars, that is, static solutions with compact support of the full system with self-gravitation taken into account. Concretely, there exist two types of solutions, namely compact balls on the one hand, and compact shells on the other hand. The compact balls have a naked singularity at the center. The inner boundary of the compact shells is singular, as well, but it is, at the same time, a Killing horizon. These singular, compact shells therefore resemble black holes.

Adam, C; Klimas, P; Snchez-Guilln, J; Wereszczynski, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Complete graph asymptotics for the Ising and random cluster models on 5D grids with cyclic boundary

The finite size scaling behaviour for the Ising model in five dimensions, with either free or cyclic boundary, has been the subject for a long running debate. The older papers have been based on ideas from e.g. field theory or renormalization. In this paper we propose a detailed and exact scaling picture for critical region of the model with cyclic boundary. Unlike the previous papers our approach is based on a comparison with the existing exact and rigorous results for the FK-random-cluster model on a complete graph. Based on those results we identify several distinct scaling regions in an $L$-dependent window around the critical point. We test these predictions by comparing with data from Monte Carlo simulations and find a good agreement. The main feature which differs between the complete graph and the five dimensional model with free boundary is the existence of a bimodal energy distribution near the critical point in the latter. This feature was found by the same authors in an earlier paper in the form o...

Lundow, P H

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plasma and magnetic field data from PROGNOZ-7 have revealed that solar wind (magnetosheath) plasma elements may penetrate the dayside magnetopause surface and form high density regions with enhanced cross-field flow in the boundary layer. The injected magnetosheath plasma is observed to have an excess drift velocity as compared to the local boundary layer plasma, comprising both cold plasma of terrestrial origin and a hot ring current component. A differential drift between two plasma components can be understood in terms of a momentum transfer process driven by an injected magnetosheath plasma population. The braking action of the injected plasma may be described as a dynamo process where particle kinetic energy is transferred into electromagnetic energy (electric field). The generated electric field will force the local plasma to ?B-drift, and the dynamo region therefore also constitutes an accelerator region for the local plasma. Whenever energy is dissipated from the energy transfer process (a net current is flowing through a load), there will also be a difference between the induced electric field and the vB term of the generator plasma. Thus, the local plasma will drift more slowly than the injected generator plasma. We will present observations showing that a relation between the momentum transferred, the injected plasma and the momentum taken up by the local plasma exists. For instance, if the local plasma density is sufficiently high, the differential drift velocity of the injected and local plasma will be small. A large fraction of the excess momentum is then transferred to the local plasma. Conversely, a low local plasma density results in a high velocity difference and a low fraction of local momentum transfer. In our study cases the cold plasma component was frequently found to dominate the local magnetospheric plasma density in the boundary layer. Accordingly, this component may have the largest influence on the local momentum transfer process. We will demonstrate that this also seems to be the case. Moreover we show that the accelerated cold plasma component may be used as a tracer element reflecting both the momentum and energy transfer and the penetration process in the dayside boundary layer. The high He+ percentage of the accelerated cold plasma indicates a plasmaspheric origin. Considering the quite high densities of energetic He+ found in the boundary layer, the overall low abundance of He+ (as compared to e.g. O+) found in the plasma sheet and outer ring current evidently reduces the importance of the dayside boundary layer as a plasma source in the large scale magnetospheric circulation system.

R. Lundin; E.M. Dubinin

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

with the constituent materials. The inter- face thermal resistance, often referred to as thermal boundary resistance between two different materials when a heat flux is applied. The inverse of thermal boundary resistance mismatched interfaces. ? 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Thermal boundary resistance

Zhigilei, Leonid V.

411

TRAVELING WAVES IN 2D REACTIVE BOUSSINESQ SYSTEMS WITH NO-SLIP BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

TRAVELING WAVES IN 2D REACTIVE BOUSSINESQ SYSTEMS WITH NO-SLIP BOUNDARY systems of reactive Boussinesq equations in two di* *men- sional strips that are not aligned Boussinesq systems with no-slip boundary conditions (the fluid flow vanishes at* * the boundary). Much

Constantin, Peter

412

Grain boundary structure and solute segregation in titanium-doped sapphire bicrystals

Solute segregation to ceramic grain boundaries governs material processing and microstructure evolution, and can strongly influence material properties critical to engineering performance. Understanding the evolution and implications of grain boundary chemistry is a vital component in the greater effort to engineer ceramics with controlled microstructures. This study examines solute segregation to engineered grain boundaries in titanium-doped sapphire (Al2O3) bicrystals, and explores relationships between grain boundary structure and chemistry at the nanometer scale using spectroscopic and imaging techniques in the transmission electron microscope (TEM). Results demonstrate dramatic changes in solute segregation stemming from small fluctuations in grain boundary plane and structure. Titanium and silicon solute species exhibit strong tendencies to segregate to non-basal and basal grain boundary planes, respectively. Evidence suggests that grain boundary faceting occurs in low-angle twis t boundaries to accommodate nonequilibrium solute segregation related to slow specimen cooling rates, while faceting of tilt grain boundaries often occurs to expose special planes of the coincidence site lattice (CSL). Moreover, quantitative analysis of grain boundary chemistry indicates preferential segregation of charged defects to grain boundary dislocations. These results offer direct proof that static dislocations in ionic materials can assume a net charge, and emphasize the importance of interactions between charged point, line, and planar defects in ionic materials. Efforts to understand grain boundary chemistry in terms of space charge theory, elastic misfit and nonequilibrium segregation are discussed for the Al2O3 system.

Taylor, Seth T.

2002-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

413

A test for a shift in the boundary of the geographical range of a species

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Global change biology 1001 60 A test for a shift in the boundary of the geographical...unconnected to a boundary shift. A formal test for a boundary shift is described that allows for such changes. The test is applied to detect northward shifts...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly

Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly Circular Plasmaboundary, highbeta equi libria in large aspect ratio tokamaks with a nearly circular plasma boundary in tokamaks for the purpose of developing an economic fusion reactor. It has long been recognized

415

Simulation of grain-boundary diffusion creep: analysis of some new numerical techniques

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...If two of the grain boundaries are parallel, the position midway between the two parallel bound- aries and lying on the third...grain boundaries (or, if they are par- allel, at the point midway between the points on each new boundary corresponding to the...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

On the limit of large surface tension for a fluid motion with free boundary

We study the free boundary Euler equations in two spatial dimensions. We prove that if the boundary is sufficiently regular, then solutions of the free boundary fluid motion converge to solutions of the Euler equations in a fixed domain when the coefficient of surface tension tends to infinity.

Marcelo M. Disconzi; David G. Ebin

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

417

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Formulation for the Substation Grounding Design"

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Formulation for the Substation Grounding Design" I://caminos.udc.es/gmni #12;A BOUNDARY ELEMENT FORMULATION FOR THE SUBSTATION GROUNDING DESIGN I. Colominas, F. Navarrina A Boundary Element approach for the numerical computation of substation grounding systems is pre- sented

Colominas, Ignasi

418

AUTOMATIC EXTRACTION OF THE OPTIC DISC BOUNDARY FOR DETECTING RETINAL DISEASES

AUTOMATIC EXTRACTION OF THE OPTIC DISC BOUNDARY FOR DETECTING RETINAL DISEASES Muhammad Salman shape model for the extraction of Optic Disc boundary. The determination of Optic Disc boundary used as a reference point to lo- cate other retinal structures, and any structural change in Optic Disc

Li, Baihua

419

Predictive Inner-Outer Model for Turbulent Boundary Layers Applied to Hypersonic DNS Data

Predictive Inner-Outer Model for Turbulent Boundary Layers Applied to Hypersonic DNS Data Clara numerical simulation (DNS) data of supersonic and hypersonic turbulent boundaries with Mach 3 and Mach 7, and Martin1214 on DNS of hypersonic turbulent boundary layers demonstrates the existence of large scale

Martín, Pino

420

Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly

Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly Circular Plasma Boundary H. Qin A. Reiman September 25, 1996 Abstract An analytic solution is obtained for free. In the absence of surface currents at the plasma-vacuum in- terface, the free-boundary equilibrium solution

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

421

Effective boundary condition at a rough surface starting from a slip condition.

, set in a channel with a rough boundary, of small amplitude and wavelength . It was shown recently thatEffective boundary condition at a rough surface starting from a slip condition. Anne, for any non-degenerate roughness pattern, and for any reasonable condition imposed at the rough boundary

Gerard-Varet, David - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

422

BOUNDARY LAYER (BL) THERMAL EDDIES OVER A PINE FOREST FROM CARES 2010

BOUNDARY LAYER (BL) THERMAL EDDIES OVER A PINE FOREST FROM CARES 2010 Gunnar Senum and Stephen are three thermal eddies, about 250 meters wide, in the boundary layer. These thermal eddies are formed from the solar heating of the surface and help to form the boundary layer. The eddy updrafts are transporting

423

of the Engquist-Majda boundary conditions, their practical success is limited by the difficulties posed-FRACTION ABSORBING BOUNDARY CONDITIONS FOR THE WAVE EQUATION MURTHY N. GUDDATI Department of Civil Engineering, North Revised 1 October 1999 Absorbing boundary conditions are generally required for numerical modeling of wave

Guddati, Murthy N.

424

Singular limits of a two-dimensional boundary value problem arising in corrosion modelling

Singular limits of a two-dimensional boundary value problem arising in corrosion modelling Juan D boundary . A very common boundary condition arising in corrosion modelling in a planar sample represented u on . We refer the reader to [11] and [4] for the derivation of this and related corrosion models

Ceragioli, Francesca

425

Simulation of bubble migration in a turbulent boundary layer M. Mattson and K. Mahesha

Simulation of bubble migration in a turbulent boundary layer M. Mattson and K. Mahesha Aerospace of bubbles injected into a turbulent boundary layer. The Reynolds number of the turbulent boundary layer varies from 420 Re 1800, and the bubble Reynolds number Reb 1. Simulation parameters were chosen to match

Mahesh, Krishnan

426

Free Vibration Analysis of Kirchoff Plates with Damaged Boundaries by the Chebyshev Collocation for the free vibration analysis of slender Kirchoff plates with both mixed and damaged boundaries of the natural vibration frequencies with respect to the severity of the damaged boundary. Specifically

Butcher, Eric A.

427

A case study of boundary layer ventilation by convection and coastal processes

of the pollution in the atmosphere originates from emissions in the atmospheric boundary layer, the region; published 12 September 2007. [1] It is often assumed that ventilation of the atmospheric boundary layer responsible for ventilation of the atmospheric boundary layer during a nonfrontal day that occurred on 9 May

Dacre, Helen

428

Suggested improvements to solar system maintenance based on field experience

Field experience has shown that maintenance is a critical factor in determining the overall success of a solar system. This paper summarizes the field experience with the maintenance of over 30 solar installations, three of which contain more than 500 individual solar systems for residential housing. The field results show several severe problems, and an analysis indicates that a number of improvements can be made to help avoid them. These include (1) improving solar designs, (2) producing service documents, and (3) providing training for maintenance personnel. Specific technical improvements to solar designs are presented in this paper, the number and content of service documents are outlined, and suggestions for training of maintenance personnel are presented.

Johnson, D.L.; Hittle, D.C.; Joncich, D.M.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

FIELD SCREENING FOR HALOGENATED VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Western Research Institute (WRI) initiated exploratory work towards the development of new field screening methodology and a test kit to measure halogenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the field. Heated diode and corona discharge sensors are commonly used to detect leaks of refrigerants from air conditioners, freezers, and refrigerators. They are both selective to the presence of carbon-halogen bonds. Commercially available heated diode and corona discharge leak detectors were procured and evaluated for halogenated VOC response. The units were modified to provide a digital readout of signal related to VOC concentration. Sensor response was evaluated with carbon tetrachloride and tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene, PCE), which represent halogenated VOCs with and without double bonds. The response characteristics were determined for the VOCs directly in headspace in Tedlar bag containers. Quantitation limits in air were estimated. Potential interferences from volatile hydrocarbons, such as toluene and heptane, were evaluated. The effect of humidity was studied also. The performance of the new devices was evaluated in the laboratory by spiking soil samples and monitoring headspace for halogenated VOCs. A draft concept of the steps for a new analytical method was outlined. The results of the first year effort show that both devices show potential utility for future analytical method development work towards the goal of developing a portable test kit for screening halogenated VOCs in the field.

John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani Jr.; Theresa M. Bomstad

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Crystallographic Characteristics of Grain Boundaries in Dense Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia

Grain-boundary plane, misorientation angle, grain size, and grain-boundary energy distributions were quantified using electron backscatter diffraction data for dense polycrystalline yttria-stabilized zirconia, to understand interfacial crystallography in solid oxide fuel cells. Tape-cast samples were sintered at 14501C for 4 h and annealed for at least 100 h between 8001C and 16501C. Distributions obtained from both three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions and stereological analyses of 2D sections demonstrated that the (100) boundary planes {(111)} have relative areas larger {smaller} than expected in a random distribution, and that the boundary plane distribution is inversely correlated to the boundary energy distribution.

Lam Helmick; Shen J. Dillon; Kirk Gerdes; Randall Gemmen; Gregory S. Rohrer; Sridhar Seetharaman; Paul A. Salvador

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

The representation of boundary currents in a finite element shallow water model

We evaluate the influence of local resolution, eddy viscosity, coastline structure, and boundary conditions on the numerical representation of boundary currents in a finite element shallow-water model. The use of finite element discretization methods offers a higher flexibility compared to finite difference and finite volume methods, that are mainly used in previous publications. This is true for the geometry of the coast lines and for the realization of boundary conditions. For our investigations we simulate steady separation of western boundary currents from idealized and realistic coast lines. The use of grid refinement allows a detailed investigation of boundary separation at reasonable numerical cost.

Dben, Peter D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Grain boundary structure and composition is assessed in austenitic stainless steels along with its influence on intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) in high-temperature water. Brief examples are presented illustrating effects of grain boundary character and segregation on behavior in specific light-water-reactor environments. Although grain boundary engineering can produce an increased fraction of special boundaries in austenitic stainless alloys, practical benefits depend on the boundary orientation distribution. It is critical to recognize that only coherent sigma 3s appear to be resistant to SCC and the behavior of other low sigma boundaries is uncertain. Grain boundary composition can have a dominant effect on IGSCC under certain conditions, but altered interfacial chemistry is not required for cracking. In high-potential oxidizing environments, IGSCC susceptibility is a direct function of the boundary Cr concentration. Non-equilibrium thermal segregation of Cr and Mo is often present in millannealed stainless steels and may influence cracking susceptibility. This initial grain boundary composition alters subsequent radiation-induced segregation and delays irradiation-assisted SCC susceptibility to higher doses. Other alloying elements and impurities in 300-series stainless steels have been seen to enrich grain boundaries, but few have any significant impact on IGSCC susceptibility. One exception is Si that strongly segregates during irradiation. recent results suggest that Si may accelerate crack propagation in both low- and high-potential water environments. Critical research is still needed to isolate individual grain boundary characteristics and quantitatively link to IGSCC.

Bruemmer, Stephen M.

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

433

Turbine exhaust diffuser with region of reduced flow area and outer boundary gas flow

An exhaust diffuser system and method for a turbine engine. The outer boundary may include a region in which the outer boundary extends radially inwardly toward the hub structure and may direct at least a portion of an exhaust flow in the diffuser toward the hub structure. At least one gas jet is provided including a jet exit located on the outer boundary. The jet exit may discharge a flow of gas downstream substantially parallel to an inner surface of the outer boundary to direct a portion of the exhaust flow in the diffuser toward the outer boundary to effect a radially outward flow of at least a portion of the exhaust gas flow toward the outer boundary to balance an aerodynamic load between the outer and inner boundaries.

Orosa, John

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

434

Atomistic processes of grain boundary motion and annihilation in graphene

The motion and annihilation of a grain boundary (GB) in graphene are investigated by tight-binding molecular dynamics (TBMD) simulation and ab initio local density approximation total energy calculation. A meandering structure of the GB is found to be energetically more favorable than other structures, in good agreement with experiment. It is observed in the TBMD simulation that evaporation of carbon dimers and sequential Stone?Wales transformations of carbon bonds lead to rapid motion and annihilation of the GB. The dimer erection and evaporation are found to proceed by formation of an adatom due to bond breaking. These results shed interesting light on the fabrication of high-quality graphene.

Lee, Gun-Do; Yoon, Euijoon; Wang, Cai-Zhuang; Ho, Kai-Ming

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

435

Transition in Hypersonic Boundary Layers: Role of Dilatational Waves

Transition and turbulence production in a hypersonic boundary layer is investigated in a Mach 6 quiet wind tunnel using Rayleigh-scattering visualization, fast-response pressure measurements, and particle image velocimetry. It is found that the second instability acoustic mode is the key modulator of the transition process. The second mode experiences a rapid growth and a very fast annihilation due to the effect of bulk viscosity. The second mode interacts strongly with the first vorticity mode to directly promote a fast growth of the latter and leads to immediate transition to turbulence.

Zhu, Yiding; Yuan, Huijing; Wu, Jiezhi; Chen, Shiyi; Lee, Cunbiao; Gad-el-Hak, Mohamed

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Boundary Conditions on the Generator-Coordinate Amplitude for Scattering

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the short-range part of the generator-coordinate amplitude f, which is left after the long-range part proportional to the scattering wave g has been removed, may be expanded to any degree of accuracy, as far as its integral properties are concerned, into a finite sum of well-behaved, square integrable functions. In that sense the amplitude f obeys the same boundary conditions as the scattering wave function g. A simple method for solving the Hill-Wheeler equation is presented.

B. Giraud and J. Le Tourneux

1973-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

437

Bekenstein bound in asymptotically free field theory

For spatially bounded free fields, the Bekenstein bound states that the specific entropy satisfies the inequality (S/E){<=}2{pi}R, where R stands for the radius of the smallest sphere that circumscribes the system. The validity of the Bekenstein bound in the asymptotically free side of the Euclidean ({lambda}{phi}{sup 4}){sub d} scalar field theory is investigated. We consider the system in thermal equilibrium with a reservoir at temperature {beta}{sup -1} and defined in a compact spatial region without boundaries. Using the effective potential, we discuss the thermodynamic of the model. For low and high temperatures the system presents a condensate. We present the renormalized mean energy E and entropy S for the system and show in which situations the specific entropy satisfies the quantum bound.

Arias, E.; Svaiter, N. F.; Menezes, G. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas-CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 22290-180 (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bloco II, Barra Funda, Sao Paulo, SP, 01140-070 (Brazil)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

A conjugate heat transfer (CHT) immersed boundary (IB and CHTIB) method is developed for use with laminar and turbulent flows with low to moderate Reynolds numbers. The method is validated with the canonical flow of two co-annular rotating cylinders at $Re=50$ which shows second order accuracy of the $L_{2}$ and $L_{\\infty}$ error norms of the temperature field over a wide rage of solid to fluid thermal conductivities, $\\kappa_{s}/\\kappa_{f} = \\left(9-100\\right)$. To evaluate the CHTIBM with turbulent flow a fully developed, heated, turbulent channel $\\left(Re_{u_{\\tau}}=150\\text{ and } \\kappa_{s}/\\kappa_{f}=4 \\right)$ is used which shows near perfect correlation to previous direct numerical simulation (DNS) results. The CHTIB method is paired with a momentum IB method (IBM), both of which use a level set field to define the wetted boundaries of the fluid/solid interfaces and are applied to the flow solver implicitly with rescaling of the difference operators of the finite volume (FV) method (FVM).

Crocker, Ryan; Desjardins, Olivier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Control of stochasticity in magnetic field lines

We present a method of control which is able to create barriers to magnetic field line diffusion by a small modification of the magnetic perturbation. This method of control is based on a localized control of chaos in Hamiltonian systems. The aim is to modify the perturbation locally by a small control term which creates invariant tori acting as barriers to diffusion for Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom. The location of the invariant torus is enforced in the vicinity of the chosen target. Given the importance of confinement in magnetic fusion devices, the method is applied to two examples with a loss of magnetic confinement. In the case of locked tearing modes, an invariant torus can be restored that aims at showing the current quench and therefore the generation of runaway electrons. In the second case, the method is applied to the control of stochastic boundaries allowing one to define a transport barrier within the stochastic boundary and therefore to monitor the volume of closed field lines.

Cristel Chandre; Michel Vittot; Guido Ciraolo; Philippe Ghendrih; Ricardo Lima

2005-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

440

of the bounding surface. Note that the vertical shear caused by the surface generates turbulence, whichEART 265 Lecture Notes: Boundary Layers We're interested here mainly in boundary layers relevant and the surface, thus mediating all interactions between the two. If we look back at the Navier-Stokes equations

Nimmo, Francis

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

441

On free convection heat transfer with well defined boundary conditions

The scaling of free convection heat transfer is investigated. The non-dimensional groups for Boussinesq and fully compressible variable property free convection, driven by isothermal surfaces, are derived using a previously published novel method of dimensional analysis. Both flows are described by a different set of groups. The applicability of each flow description is experimentally investigated for the case of the isothermal horizontal cylinder in an air-filled isothermal enclosure. The approach taken to the boundary conditions differs from that of previous investigations. Here, it is argued that the best definition of the boundary conditions is achieved for heat exchange between the cylinder and the enclosure rather than the cylinder and an arbitrarily chosen fluid region. The enclosure temperature is shown both analytically and experimentally to affect the Nusselt number. The previously published view that the Boussinesq approximation has only a limited range of application is confirmed, and the groups derived for variable property compressible free convection are demonstrated to be correct experimentally. A new correlation for horizontal cylinder Nusselt number prediction is presented.

Davies, M.R.D.; Newport, D.T.; Dalton, T.M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Granular chain between asymmetric boundaries and the quasiequilibrium state

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some 30 years have passed since we learned that any velocity perturbation develops into a propagating solitary wave in a granular chain, and over a decade has passed since we learned that these solitary waves break and reform upon collision, leaving behind small secondary solitary waves. The production of the latter eventually precipitates the quasiequilibrium state characterized by large energy fluctuations in dissipation-free granular systems. Here we present dynamical simulations on the effects of soft boundaries on solitary wave interaction in granular chains held between fixed walls. We show that at short time scales, a gradient in the distribution of kinetic energy between the boundaries is indeed sustained. At long times, however, such a gradient gets obliterated and there is no measurable difference between the average kinetic energies of the particles adjacent to walls. Our findings suggest that (i) the quasiequilibrium state can effectively erase small gradients of the average kinetic energies of the particles adjacent to walls in a system, (ii) Boltzmann distribution of grain speeds is realized in the system of interest, and (iii) time and space averages yield the same result, thus suggesting that the system is ergodic.

Edgar valos and Surajit Sen

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

443

Acoustic sounding of the tropical marine boundary layer during GATE

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A vertically pointed monostatic acoustic sounder was installed on the NOAA ShipOCEANOGRAPHER during the Global Atmospheric Research Program Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE). The sounderantenna was mounted on a gyrocontrolled platform to compensate for the ship'spitch and roll motions. Extensive measures such as mounting the antenna assembly on a vibration isolator and installing absorbing cuffs had to be taken to reduce interference by ship?generated noise. Back?scattered acoustic data obtained from up to 850 m height describe the tropical marine boundary layer in unique and hitherto unseen detail. During undisturbed weather conditions the facsimile record showed convective plumes rising from the surface of the water up to 400 m. Storm?generated disturbances resulted in a substantial modification of the boundary layer; low?level multilayered undulating inversions formed from cool outflow currents. The inversions persisted for up to 16 hours. Low?level patchy cumulus clouds produced characteristic hummock?shaped acoustic echoes. Analysis of the Doppler frequency shift of the returns allowed the determination of vertical velocities within these clouds and underlying convective plumes.

P. A. Mandics; J. E. Gaynor; F. F. Hall Jr.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Estimation of boundary layer transition noise from velocity measurements

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Velocity measurements of artificially generatedflow structures in the transition region of an incompressible boundary layer with zero pressure gradient are described. These measurements made in a laminar flow water channel allow calculation of the velocity normal to the wall in a turbulent spot. This velocity specifies the linearized boundary condition for the acoustic equation at the wall. The approach relates the radiated noise to fluctuations in the normal velocity at the plate through fluctuations in the displacement thickness. Although this approach has been previously proposed [H. W. Liepmann unpublished (1954) J. Laufer J. E. Ffowcs?Williams and S. Childress AGARDograph 90 3942 (1964) G. C. Lauchle J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 69 665671 (1981) G. C. Lauchle ASME NCA 5 3138 (1989)] it has never been applied. The results of these experiments will be compared to concurrent experiments run in an anechoic wind tunnel. Ultimately this work will be extended to naturally occurring structures in the transition region. [Work supported by ONR under Grant ?N00014?90?J?1365.

Michael H. Krane; Wayne R. Pauley

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Field contacts at the U.S. Department of Energy's Golden Field Office who support the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)

446

Quantum Field Theory & Gravity

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Field Theory & Gravity Quantum Field Theory & Gravity Understanding discoveries at the Energy, Intensity, and Cosmic Frontiers Get Expertise Rajan Gupta (505) 667-7664 Email...

447

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...LOWENSTEIN, R.F., ASTROPHYS J 218 : L145 ( 1977 ). LUNDIN, R, ON THE MAGNETOSPHERIC BOUNDARY-LAYER AND SOLAR-WIND ENERGY-TRANSFER INTO THE MAGNETOSPHERE, SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS 48 : 263 ( 1988 ). NELLIS, W.J., THE NATURE OF THE...

Norman F. Ness; Mario H. Acua; Leonard F. Burlaga; John E. P. Connerney; Ronald P. Lepping; Fritz M. Neubauer

1989-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A numerical scheme for treating fluid-land boundaries in inviscid shallow water flows is derived that conserves the domain-summed mass, energy, vorticity, and potential enstrophy in domains with arbitrarily shaped boundaries. The boundary scheme is derived ... Keywords: Boundary conditions, Conservation, Energy, Potential enstrophy, Shallow water equations, Vorticity

G. S. Ketefian; M. Z. Jacobson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Optical boundary reconstruction of tokamak plasmas for feedback control of plasma position and shape

A new diagnostic is developed to reconstruct the plasma boundary using visible wavelength images. Exploiting the plasma's edge localized and toroidally symmetric emission profile, a new coordinate transform is presented to reconstruct the plasma boundary from a poloidal view image. The plasma boundary reconstruction is implemented in MATLAB and applied to camera images of Mega-Ampere Spherical Tokamak discharges. The optically reconstructed plasma boundaries are compared to magnetic reconstructions from the offline reconstruction code EFIT, showing very good qualitative and quantitative agreement. Average errors are within 2 cm and correlation is high. In the current software implementation, plasma boundary reconstruction from a single image takes 3 ms. The applicability and system requirements of the new optical boundary reconstruction, called OFIT, for use in both feedback control of plasma position and shape and in offline reconstruction tools are discussed.

Hommen, G.; Baar, M. de [Control Systems Technology Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); FOM Institute for Plasma Physics ''Rijnhuizen'', Association EURATOM-FOM, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, P.O. Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Nuij, P.; Steinbuch, M. [Control Systems Technology Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); McArdle, G.; Akers, R. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Lie and conditional symmetries of a class of nonlinear (1+2)-dimensional boundary value problems

A new definition of conditional invariance for boundary value problems involving a wide range of boundary conditions (including initial value problems as a special case) is proposed. It is shown that other definitions worked out in order to find Lie symmetries of boundary value problems with standard boundary conditions, follow as particular cases from our definition. Simple examples of direct applicability to the nonlinear problems arising in applications are demonstrated. Moreover, the successful application of the definition for the Lie and conditional symmetry classification of a class of (1+2)-dimensional nonlinear boundary value problems governed by the nonlinear diffusion equation in a semi-infinite domain is realised. In particular, it is proved that there is a special exponent, $k=-2$, for the power diffusivity $u^k$ when the problem in question with non-vanishing flux on the boundary admits additional Lie symmetry operators compared to the case $k\

Roman Cherniha; John R King

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

451

Case study of Frontal Boundary Study Mission 03

The Frontal Boundary Study was conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy in October and November 1989 in central Ohio. This report, which was prepared for the US Environmental Protection Agency, presents the results of the aircraft and surface observations made for one precipitation event during the study, on October 10, 1989. This particular event was selected because of its relatively simple meteorological setting. PNL`s Gulfstream (G-1) aircraft was used to sample trace gas concentrations aloft in the inflow region of the precipitation system. Precipitation chemistry and rainfall rate data are presented for the October 10, 1989, event from the network of surface precipitation samplers. Trace gas concentrations and other meteorological variables measured with the G-1 during flight 03 on this date are included. Meteorological observations obtained with radiosondes and radar are also presented. These data sets can be used to evaluate air quality and wet deposition models.

Barchet, W.R.; Dana, M.T.; Thorp, J.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Case study of Frontal Boundary Study Mission 03

The Frontal Boundary Study was conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy in October and November 1989 in central Ohio. This report, which was prepared for the US Environmental Protection Agency, presents the results of the aircraft and surface observations made for one precipitation event during the study, on October 10, 1989. This particular event was selected because of its relatively simple meteorological setting. PNL's Gulfstream (G-1) aircraft was used to sample trace gas concentrations aloft in the inflow region of the precipitation system. Precipitation chemistry and rainfall rate data are presented for the October 10, 1989, event from the network of surface precipitation samplers. Trace gas concentrations and other meteorological variables measured with the G-1 during flight 03 on this date are included. Meteorological observations obtained with radiosondes and radar are also presented. These data sets can be used to evaluate air quality and wet deposition models.

Barchet, W.R.; Dana, M.T.; Thorp, J.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries

Structure and electronic properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with grain boundaries (GBs) are investigated using density-functional calculations, where the GBs parallel and perpendicular to the tube axis are considered. Simulation results show that the GBs have a great effect on the electronic properties of the CNTs. For the GBs along the tube axis, the CNTs are narrow or zero band gap (<0.16 eV) materials, independent of the misorientation angle and diameter. For the GBs perpendicular to the tube axis, localized electronic states appear within the GBs regions, leading to a larger band gap of up to 0.6 eV. It is convenient to transport and localize the electrons and holes by engineering the GBs. These findings are of great significance for developing carbon-based nanomaterials and electronic devices.

Wang, Zhiguo; Zhou, Yungang; Zhang, Yanwen; Gao, Fei

2012-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

454

Thermal boundary layer effects in an annular acoustic Stirling engine

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A stability and transport analysis is performed for a simplified model of a strongly coupled thermoacoustic prime mover stack in an annular resonator. The result demonstrates that even in the limit that other flow impedances of the resonator and stack can be ignored there is a thermal impedance mismatch created in the boundary region at the ends of the stack. This can cause the gain predicted for the wave traversing the interior of the stack to differ significantly from the gain that drives sound in the resonator. The analysis is used to derive scaling relations between the heat and mass transport around the annulus and to show how different scaling regimes relate to the maximum sound intensity that the stack can induce in the absence of other losses.

Eric Smith

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Renormalization of Quantum Anosov Maps: Reduction to Fixed Boundary Conditions

A renormalization scheme is introduced to study quantum Anosov maps (QAMs) on a torus for general boundary conditions (BCs), whose number ($k$) is always finite. It is shown that the quasienergy eigenvalue problem of a QAM for {\\em all} $k$ BCs is exactly equivalent to that of the renormalized QAM (with Planck's constant $\\hbar ^{\\prime}=\\hbar /k$) at some {\\em fixed} BCs that can be of four types. The quantum cat maps are, up to time reversal, fixed points of the renormalization transformation. Several results at fixed BCs, in particular the existence of a complete basis of ``crystalline'' eigenstates in a classical limit, can then be derived and understood in a simple and transparent way in the general-BCs framework.

Itzhack Dana

2000-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

456

Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries

Structure and electronic properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with grain boundaries (GBs) are investigated using density-functional calculations, where the GBs parallel and perpendicular to the tube axis are considered. Simulation results show that the GBs have a great effect on the electronic properties of the CNTs. For the GBs along the tube axis, the CNTs are narrow or zero band gap (<0.16 eV) materials, independent of the misoritentaion angle and diameter. For the GBs perpendicular to the tube axis, localized electronic states appear within the GBs regions, leading to a larger band gap of up to 0.6 eV. It is convenient to transport and localize the electrons and holes by engineering the GBs. These findings are of great significance for developing carbon-based nanomaterials and electronic devices.

Wang, Zhiguo [Department of Applied Physics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China; Zhou, Yungang [Department of Applied Physics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL; Gao, Fei [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Heat transport by laminar boundary layer flow with polymers

Motivated by recent experimental observations, we consider a steady-state Prandtl-Blasius boundary layer flow with polymers above a slightly heated horizontal plate and study how the heat transport might be affected by the polymers. We discuss how a set of equations can be derived for the problem and how these equations can be solved numerically by an iterative scheme. By carrying out such a scheme, we find that the effect of the polymers is equivalent to producing a space-dependent effective viscosity that first increases from the zero-shear value at the plate then decreases rapidly back to the zero-shear value far from the plate. We further show that such an effective viscosity leads to an enhancement in the drag, which in turn leads to a reduction in heat transport.

Roberto Benzi; Emily S. C. Ching.; Vivien W. S. Chu

2011-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

458

AB INITIO STUDY OF GRAIN BOUNDARY PROPERTIES OF TUNGSTEN ALLOYS

Density functional theory was employed to investigate the grain boundary (GB) property of W-TM alloys (TM: fifth and sixth row transition metals). GB strengthening was found for Hf, Ta, Nb, Ru, Re, Os and Ir for 27{l_brace}525{r_brace} and to a lesser degree for 11{l_brace}323{r_brace}. Lower valence solutes strengthen the GB at certain substitutional sites, while higher valence elements enforce it at other positions. For 3{l_brace}112{r_brace}, the alloys exhibit reduced cleavage energies. Hence, allowing with TMs increases the GB cohesion more effectively for large-angle GBs whose cleavage energy is, in general, inherently lower than the low-angle ones. Electron density analysis elucidates the mechanism of charge addition or depletion of the GB bonding region upon TM substitution at various positions leading to stronger or weaker intergranular cohesion, respectively.

Setyawan, Wahyu; Kurtz, Richard J.

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

459

The Lithium Depletion Boundary as a Clock and Thermometer

We take a critical look at the lithium depletion boundary (LDB) technique that has recently been used to derive the ages of open clusters. We identify the sources of experimental and systematic error and show that the probable errors are larger by approximately a factor two than presently claimed in the literature. We then use the Pleiades LDB age and photometry in combination with evolutionary models to define empirical colour-T_eff relations that can be applied to younger clusters. We find that these relationships DO NOT produce model isochrones that match the younger cluster data. We propose that this is due either to systematic problems in the evolutionary models or an age (gravity) sensitivity in the colour-T_eff relation which is not present in published atmospheric models.

R. D. Jeffries; T. Naylor

2000-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

460

The growth mechanism of grain boundary carbide in Alloy 690

The growth mechanism of grain boundary M{sub 23}C{sub 6} carbides in nickel base Alloy 690 after aging at 715 C was investigated by high resolution transmission electron microscopy. The grain boundary carbides have coherent orientation relationship with only one side of the matrix. The incoherent phase interface between M{sub 23}C{sub 6} and matrix was curved, and did not lie on any specific crystal plane. The M{sub 23}C{sub 6} carbide transforms from the matrix phase directly at the incoherent interface. The flat coherent phase interface generally lies on low index crystal planes, such as (011) and (111) planes. The M{sub 23}C{sub 6} carbide transforms from a transition phase found at curved coherent phase interface. The transition phase has a complex hexagonal crystal structure, and has coherent orientation relationship with matrix and M{sub 23}C{sub 6}: (111){sub matrix}//(0001){sub transition}//(111){sub carbide}, <112{sup }>{sub matrix}//<21{sup }10>{sub transition}//<112{sup }>{sub carbide}. The crystal lattice constants of transition phase are c{sub transition}=?(3)a{sub matrix} and a{sub transition}=?(6)/2a{sub matrix}. Based on the experimental results, the growth mechanism of M{sub 23}C{sub 6} and the formation mechanism of transition phase are discussed. - Highlights: A transition phase was observed at the coherent interfaces of M{sub 23}C{sub 6} and matrix. The transition phase has hexagonal structure, and is coherent with matrix and M{sub 23}C{sub 6}. The M{sub 23}C{sub 6} transforms from the matrix directly at the incoherent phase interface.

Li, Hui, E-mail: huili@shu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Microstructures, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China); Institute of Materials, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072 (China); Xia, Shuang; Zhou, Bangxin [Institute of Materials, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072 (China); Peng, Jianchao [Key Laboratory for Microstructures, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

461

Free boundary conditions and the AdS$_3$/CFT$_2$ correspondence

We show that the recently proposed free boundary conditions for AdS$_3$ are dual to two-dimensional quantum gravity in certain fixed gauges. In particular, we note that an appropriate identification of the generator of Virasoro transformations leads to a vanishing total central charge in agreement with the theory at the boundary. We argue that this identification is necessary to match the bulk and boundary generators of Virasoro transformations and for consistency with the constraint equations.

Luis Apolo; Massimo Porrati

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Deutsch Field Gamma-Ray Pulsar - Paper I: The Model Basics

A new model for the high-energy emission from pulsars is developed by considering charged particle motion in the fields of a spinning, highly magnetised and conducting sphere in vacuum. A generally applicable approximation to the particle motion in strong fields is developed and applied to the numerical modelling, and the radiation emitted by curvature emission is summed to generate light curves. The model predicts many of the observed features of pulsar light curves. This paper outlines the basic properties of the model; a subsequent paper will discuss the statistical properties of a population of model pulsars and apply the model to the known gamma-ray pulsars.

M. G. Higgins; R. N. Henriksen

1996-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

463

A first order geometric auto regressive process for boundary layer wind speed simulation

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under certain conditions the first order geometric auto regressive (AR) process has statistical properties similar to atmospheric boundary layer wind speed. In this contribution, we investigate ... this stochas...

T. Laubrich; H. Kantz

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

About First Order Geometric Auto Regressive Processes for Boundary Layer Wind Speed Simulation

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under certain conditions the first order geometric auto regressive process has statistical properties similar to atmospheric boundary layer wind speed. In this contribution, we investigate ... this stochastic pro...

Thomas Laubrich; Holger Kantz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Discrete Group Actions on Spacetimes: Causality Conditions and the Causal Boundary

Suppose a spacetime $M$ is a quotient of a spacetime $V$ by a discrete group of isometries. It is shown how causality conditions in the two spacetimes are related, and how can one learn about the future causal boundary on $M$ by studying structures in $V$. The relations between the two are particularly simple (the boundary of the quotient is the quotient of the boundary) if both $V$ and $M$ have spacelike future boundaries and if it is known that the quotient of the future completion of $V$ is past-distinguishing. (That last assumption is automatic in the case of $M$ being multi-warped.)

Steven G. Harris

2003-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

466

Direct Free Energy Minimization Methods: Application to Grain Boundaries [and Discussion

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

16 November 1992 research-article Direct Free Energy Minimization Methods: Application to Grain Boundaries [and Discussion] A. P. Sutton P. A. Mulheran A. M. Stoneham A critical...

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

The use of chirally rotated boundary conditions provides a formulation of the Schroedinger functional that is compatible with automatic O(a) improvement of Wilson fermions up to O(a) boundary contributions. The elimination of bulk O(a) effects requires the non-perturbative tuning of the critical mass and one additional boundary counterterm. We present the results of such a tuning in a quenched setup for several values of the renormalized gauge coupling, from perturbative to non-perturbative regimes, and for a range of lattice spacings. We also check that the correct boundary conditions and symmetries are restored in the continuum limit.

Gonzalez-Lopez, Jennifer [Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin; Jansen, Karl [DESY; Renner, Dru B. [JLAB; Shindler, Andrea [Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Solving fuzzy two-point boundary value problem using fuzzy Laplace transform

A natural way to model dynamic systems under uncertainty is to use fuzzy boundary value problems (FBVPs) and related uncertain systems. In this paper we use fuzzy Laplace transform to ?find the solution of two-point boundary value under generalized Hukuhara differentiability. We illustrate the method for the solution of the well known two-point boundary value problem Schrodinger equation, and homogeneous boundary value problem. Consequently, we investigate the solutions of FBVPs under as a new application of fuzzy Laplace transform.

Latif Ahmad; Muhammad Farooq; Saif Ullah; Saleem Abdullah

2014-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

469

bibliographical references and index. ISBN X-XXX-XXXXX-X Series. Printed in the United States of America. 10 9 8 7 University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA A JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC., PUBLICATION #12;Copyright c 2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey

Holst, Michael J.

470

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scale Field Test Demonstrating CO Scale Field Test Demonstrating CO 2 sequestration in Arbuckle Saline Aquifer and by CO 2 -EOR at Wellington field, Sumner County, Kansas -- W. Lynn Watney and Jason Rush Kansas Geological Survey Lawrence, KS 66047 Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Annual Review Meeting October 15-17, 2011 Pittsburgh, PA Funding Opportunity Number: DE-FOA-0000441 Contract #FE0006821 $11,484,499 DOE $3.236 million cost share KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY 12/2/2011 1 Outline * Background * The Participants * The Plan * Leveraging Current Research at Wellington Field * Inject, Monitor, Verification, and Accounting of CO 2 2 ORGANIZATION CHART Kansas Geological Survey Name Project Job Title Primary Responsibility Lynn Watney Project Leader, Joint Principal Investigator

471

Recently a one-dimensional closed ladder of Josephson junctions has been studied (G. Cristofano et al., Phys. Lett. A 372 (2008) 2464) within a twisted conformal field theory (CFT) approach (G. Cristofano et al., Mod. Phys. Lett. A 15 (2000) 1679; Nucl. Phys. B 641 (2002) 547) and shown to develop the phenomenon of flux fractionalization (G. Cristofano et al., Eur. Phys. J. B 49 (2006) 83). That led us to predict the emergence of a topological order in such a system (G. Cristofano et al., JSTAT (2005) P03006). In this letter we analyze the ground states and the topological properties of fully frustrated Josephson junction arrays (JJA) arranged in a Corbino disk geometry for a variety of boundary conditions. In particular minimal configurations of fully frustrated JJA are considered and shown to exhibit the properties needed in order to build up a solid state qubit, protected from decoherence. The stability and transformation properties of the ground states of the JJA under adiabatic magnetic flux changes are analyzed in detail in order to provide a tool for the manipulation of the proposed qubit.

Gerardo Cristofano; Vincenzo Marotta; Adele Naddeo; Giuliano Niccoli

2008-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

472

YSO search toward the boundary of the Central Molecular Zone with near-infrared polarimetry

We have carried out near-infrared polarimetry toward the boundary of the Central Molecular Zone, in the field of (-1.4 deg $\\lesssim l \\lesssim$ -0.3 deg and 1.0 deg $\\lesssim l \\lesssim$ 2.9 deg, $|b|\\lesssim$ 0.1 deg), using the near-infrared polarimetric camera SIRPOL on the 1.4 m Infrared Survey Facility telescope. We have selected 112 intrinsically polarized sources on the basis of the estimate of interstellar polarization on Stokes $Q/I-U/I$ planes. The selected sources are brighter than $K_S=14.5$ mag and have polarimetric uncertainty $\\delta Penergy distributions of young stellar objects when using the photometry in the archive of the Spitzer Space Telescope mid-infrared data. However, many sources have spectral energy distributions of normal stars suffering heavy interstellar extinction; these might be stars behind dark clouds. Due to the small number of distinctive polarized sources and candidates of young stellar objec...

Yoshikawa, Tatsuhito; Tamura, Motohide; Kwon, Jungmi; Nagata, Tetsuya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements have been made in both a neutral and a stable boundary layer as part of an investigation of the wakes of wind turbines in an offshore environment, in the EnFlo stratified flow wind tunnel. The wor...

Philip E. Hancock; Frauke Pascheke

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Field Mapping At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy

Field Mapping At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) Field Mapping At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date 1977 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To estimate the permeability and storage parameters of the geothermal reservoir, and the possible existence of barrier boundaries. Notes Production and interference tests were conducted on the geothermal wells RRGE 1 and RRGE 2 during September--November, 1975. In all, three tests were conducted, two of them being short-duration production tests and one, a long duration interference test. The data collected during the tests also indicated that the reservoir pressure varies systematically in response to the changes in the Earth's gravitational field caused by the passage of the

475

Transverse electric fields' effects in the Dark Energy Camera CCDs

Spurious electric fields transverse to the surface of thick, fully-depleted, high-resistivity CCDs displace the photo-generated charges in the bulk of the detector, effectively modifying the pixel area and producing noticeable signals in astrometric and photometric measurements. We use data from the science verification period of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) to characterize these effects in the Dark Energy Camera (DECam) CCDs. The transverse fields mainly manifest as concentric rings (tree rings) and bright stripes near the boundaries of the detectors (edge distortions) with relative amplitudes of about 1 % and 10 % in the flat-field images, respectively. Their nature as pixel size variations is confirmed by comparing their photometric and astrometric signatures. Using flat-field images from DECam, we derive templates in the five DES photometric bands (grizY) for the tree rings and the edge distortions as a function of their position in each DECam detector. The templates are directly incorporated into the der...

Plazas, Andres; Sheldon, Erin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Computer simulations of radio-frequency (RF) waves propagating across a two-dimensional (2D) magnetic field into a conducting boundary are described. The boundary condition for the RF fields at the metal surface leads to the formation of an RF sheath, which has previously been studied in one-dimensional models. In this 2D study, it is found that rapid variation of conditions along the sheath surface promote coupling of the incident RF branch (either fast or slow wave) to a short-scale-length sheath-plasma wave (SPW). The SPW propagates along the sheath surface in a particular direction dictated by the orientation of the magnetic field with respect to the surface, and the wave energy in the SPW accumulates near places where the background magnetic field is tangent to the surface.

Kohno, H. [Department of Physics, Lehigh University, 16 Memorial Drive East, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Lehigh University, 16 Memorial Drive East, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States); Myra, J. R.; D'Ippolito, D. A. [Lodestar Research Corporation, 2400 Central Avenue P-5, Boulder, Colorado 80301 (United States)] [Lodestar Research Corporation, 2400 Central Avenue P-5, Boulder, Colorado 80301 (United States)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

ECEN 3410 - Electromagnetic Fields and Transmission Spring semester 2005, University of Colorado the resistor. 14. The current intensity through a coil of inductance L is i(t). Find the flux of the Poynting vector through any closed surface enclosing the coil. 15. Why do we care about boundary conditions? How

Piestun, Rafael

478

The numerical simulation of Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flows with complex boundaries has been a topic of great interest in the development of a fusion reactor blanket for the difficulty to accurately simulate the Hartmann layers and side layers along arbitrary geometries. An adaptive version of a consistent and conservative scheme has been developed for simulating the MHD flows. Besides, the present study forms the first attempt to apply the cut-cell approach for irregular wall-bounded MHD flows, which is more flexible and conveniently implemented under adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) technique. It employs a Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) approach to represent the fluidconducting wall interface that makes it possible to solve the fluidsolid coupling magnetic problems, emphasizing at how electric field solver is implemented when conductivity is discontinuous in cut-cell. For the irregular cut-cells, the conservative interpolation technique is applied to calculate the Lorentz force at cell-center. On the other hand, it will be shown how consistent and conservative scheme is implemented on fine/coarse mesh boundaries when using AMR technique. Then, the applied numerical schemes are validated by five test simulations and excellent agreement was obtained for all the cases considered, simultaneously showed good consistency and conservative properties.

Zhang, Jie; Ni, Ming-Jiu, E-mail: mjni@ucas.ac.cn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Determination of Electric-Field, Magnetic-Field, and Electric...

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric-Field, Magnetic-Field, and Electric-Current Distributions of Infrared Optical Antennas: A Near-Field Determination of Electric-Field, Magnetic-Field, and Electric-Current...

480

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Golden Field Office was designated a Department of Energy field office in December 1992 to provide EERE with enhanced capability to develop and commercialize renewable energy and energy...

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

481

Smoothness- transferred random field

We propose a new random field (RF) model, smoothness-transfer random field (ST-RF) model, for image modeling. In the objective function of RF models, smoothness energy is defined with compatibility function to capture the ...

Wei, Donglai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The heliostat is the first subsystem in a central ... report of the SSPS Central Receiver System.The heliostat field was designed and manufactured by the ... Corporation.The original field design consisted of 160...

Pierre Wattiez; Juan Ramos; Sevillana

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Quantized Gravitational Field. II

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A consistent formulation is given for the quantized gravitational field in interaction with integer spin fields. Lorentz transformation equivalence within a class of physically distinguished coordinate systems is verified.

Julian Schwinger

1963-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

INTERFACES AND BOUNDARIES THE SOLID-SOLID INTERFACE IN THERMAL PHONON RADIATION

materials as it happens if a metal film deposited on a dielectric crystal is heated and emits thermal pho the thermal boundary resistance predicted by this (>.But no convicting resultsINTERFACES AND BOUNDARIES THE SOLID-SOLID INTERFACE IN THERMAL PHONON RADIATION Institute fiir

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

485

Thermal boundary resistance between single-walled carbon nanotubes and surrounding matrices

Thermal boundary resistance between single-walled carbon nanotubes and surrounding matrices Carl Keywords: carbon nanotube, thermal boundary resistance, molecular dynamics 1 #12;I. INTRODUCTION the thermal conductivity of insulating materials15,16 . The mechanical strength and light weight of polymers

Maruyama, Shigeo

486

of the promising applications is to use SWNTs as additives to enhance thermal conductivity of composite materials of the composite can be strongly influenced by thermal boundary resistance (TBR) between carbon nanotubes, it is essential to understand TBR. Thermal boundary resistance, with its importance in small scale, has been

Maruyama, Shigeo

487

Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell

RIMS1772 Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell #12; Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell Keiji Kimura; Abstract Boussinesq thermal convection in rotating spheres or spherical shells has been investigated

488

Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell

RIMS-1772 Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell #12;Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell Keiji Kimura Boussinesq thermal convection in rotating spheres or spherical shells has been investigated for over half

489

THE ONE-DIMENSIONAL SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS WITH TRANSPARENT BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

THE ONE-DIMENSIONAL SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS WITH TRANSPARENT BOUNDARY CONDITIONS MADALINA PETCU the question of the local in time well-posedness of the one-dimensional Shallow Water on an interval, these equations being supplemented with suitable boundary conditions. The flows considered are subcritical

Temam, Roger

490

Unimodal Maps as Boundary-Restrictions of Two-Dimensional Full-Folding Maps

Unimodal Maps as Boundary-Restrictions of Two-Dimensional Full-Folding Maps Hideki TSUIKI tsuiki-75-753-6744, Fax:+81-75-753-6694 Abstract It is shown that every unimodal map is realized as a restriction of a simple map defined on the unit disc to a part of its boundary. Our two-dimensional map is called a full

Tsuiki, Hideki

491

An advanced 3D boundary element method for characterizations of composite materials

An advanced 3D boundary element method for characterizations of composite materials X.L. Chena , Y developments in the modeling of composite materials using the boundary element method (BEM) are presented in dealing with nearly-singular integrals, which arise in the BEM modeling of composite materials

Liu, Yijun

492

Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China?

Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China? Michel Faure, Wei Lin of the North China and South China blocks. The eastern extension of the belt (the Sulu area) consists and the lack of ocean-basin rock shows that the boundary between the North China block and South China block

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

493

Integrable boundary value problems for elliptic type Toda lattice in a disk

The concept of integrable boundary value problems for soliton equations on R and R{sub +} is extended to regions enclosed by smooth curves. Classes of integrable boundary conditions in a disk for the Toda lattice and its reductions are found.

Guerses, Metin; Habibullin, Ismagil; Zheltukhin, Kostyantyn [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Bilkent University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara (Turkey)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

Grain-boundary engineering markedly reduces susceptibility to intergranular hydrogen embrittlement to intergranular embrittlement in the presence of hydrogen is examined. Using thermomechanical processing-induced intergranular embrittlement to the higher fraction of special grain boundaries, where the degree of hydrogen

Ritchie, Robert

495

Measuring the Influence of Grain-Boundary Misorientation on Thermal Groove Geometry in Ceramic. The width and depth of the thermal grooves formed by these same grain bound- aries were also measured of the grain-boundary misorientation and thermal groove ge- ometry leads to the observation that grain

Rohrer, Gregory S.

496

Research on fuzzy logic based dynamic boundary voltage and reactive power integrated control method

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aiming at the existing problems of conventional substation voltage and reactive power integrated control method, a new fuzzy logic based dynamic reactive power boundary voltage and reactive power integrated control method is proposed. Fuzzy logic control ... Keywords: dynamic boundary, fuzzy logic, reactive power, voltage

Zigang Xu; Fei Wang

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Numerical Approach for Substation Grounding in a Two

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Numerical Approach for Substation Grounding in a Two://caminos.udc.es/gmni #12;A BOUNDARY ELEMENT NUMERICAL APPROACH FOR SUBSTATION GROUNDING IN A TWO LAYER EARTH STRUCTURE3~na, SPAIN SUMMARY Analysis and design of substation grounding requires computing the distribution

Colominas, Ignasi

498

LBDP: localized boundary detection and parametrization for 3-D sensor networks

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many applications of wireless sensor networks involve monitoring a time-variant event (e.g., radiation pollution in the air). In such applications, fast boundary detection is a crucial function, as it allows us to track the event variation in a timely ... Keywords: 3-D wireless sensor networks, boundary detection, convexity test, inversion, localized algorithm, surface parametrization

Feng Li, Chi Zhang, Jun Luo, Shi-Qing Xin, Ying He

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Simulation of Hypersonic Shock Wave/Boundary Layer Interaction Using High Order WENO Scheme

Simulation of Hypersonic Shock Wave/Boundary Layer Interaction Using High Order WENO Scheme Yiqing for predicting hypersonic shock wave/boundary layer interaction. The implicit time marching method number of 1.09 ? 105 /ft. 1 Introduction Hypersonic aerothermodynamics is one of the most challenging

Zha, Gecheng

500

Study of Emission TurbulenceRadiation Interaction in Hypersonic Boundary Layers

Study of Emission TurbulenceRadiation Interaction in Hypersonic Boundary Layers L. Duan and M. P of emission turbulenceradiation interaction in hypersonic turbulent boundary layers, representative interaction between turbulence and emission at the hypersonic environment under investigation. An explanation

Martín, Pino

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