U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
OIL & GAS FIELD OUTLINES FROM BUFFERED WELLS The VBA Code below builds oil & gas field boundary outlines (polygons) from buffered wells (points). Input well points layer must be a...
Quantum statistical correlations in thermal field theories: Boundary effective theory
Bessa, A. [Escola de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Caixa Postal 1524, 59072-970, Natal, RN (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Brandt, F. T. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Carvalho, C. A. A. de; Fraga, E. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)
2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the one-loop effective action at finite temperature for a scalar field with quartic interaction has the same renormalized expression as at zero temperature if written in terms of a certain classical field {phi}{sub c}, and if we trade free propagators at zero temperature for their finite-temperature counterparts. The result follows if we write the partition function as an integral over field eigenstates (boundary fields) of the density matrix element in the functional Schroedinger field representation, and perform a semiclassical expansion in two steps: first, we integrate around the saddle point for fixed boundary fields, which is the classical field {phi}{sub c}, a functional of the boundary fields; then, we perform a saddle-point integration over the boundary fields, whose correlations characterize the thermal properties of the system. This procedure provides a dimensionally reduced effective theory for the thermal system. We calculate the two-point correlation as an example.
ARM - Field Campaign - Boundary Layer Cloud IOP
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugust 20132, 2006govCampaignsBDRF Campaign Comments? WegovCampaignsBoundary
Controlling Electromagnetic Fields at Boundaries of Arbitrary Geometries
Teo, Jonathon Yi Han; Molardi, Carlo; Genevet, Patrice
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Rapid developments in the emerging field of stretchable and conformable photonics necessitate analytical expressions for boundary conditions at metasurfaces of arbitrary geometries. Here, we introduce the concept of conformal boundary optics: a design theory that determines the optical response for designer input and output fields at such interfaces. Given any object, we can realise coatings to achieve exotic effects like optical illusions and anomalous diffraction behaviour. This approach is relevant to a broad range of applications from conventional refractive optics to the design of the next-generation of wearable optical components. This concept can be generalized to other fields of research where designer interfaces with nontrivial geometries are encountered.
Boundary String Field Theory of the DDbar System
Kraus, P; Kraus, Per; Larsen, Finn
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We develop the boundary string field theory approach to tachyon condensation on the DDbar system. Particular attention is paid to the gauge fields, which combine with the tachyons in a natural way. We derive the RR-couplings of the system and express the result in terms of Quillen's superconnection. The result is related to an index theorem, and is thus shown to be exact.
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS National FuelYancey County, NorthDiesel3, 2013TWOEnergyC Impact of02LiquidsBNSF OIL & GAS
Tachyon condensation in boundary string field theory at one loop
K. Bardakci; A. Konechny
2001-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the one-loop partition function for quadratic tachyon background in open string theory. Both closed and open string representations are developed. Using these representations we study the one-loop divergences in the partition function in the presence of the tachyon background. The divergences due to the open and closed string tachyons are treated by analytic continuation in the tachyon mass squared. We pay particular attention to the imaginary part of the analytically continued expressions. The last one gives the decay rate of the unstable vacuum. The dilaton tadpole is also given some partial consideration. The partition function is further used to study corrections to tachyon condensation processes describing brane descent relations. Assuming the boundary string field theory prescription for construction of the string field action via partition function holds at one loop level we study the one-loop corrections to the tachyon potential and to the tensions of lower-dimensional branes.
Static electric field in one-dimensional insulators without boundaries
Chen, Kuang-Ting
In this brief report, we show that in a one-dimensional insulating system with periodic boundary conditions, the coefficient of the ? term in the effective theory is not only determined by the topological index ?i?[superscript ...
THE BOUNDARY RIGIDITY PROBLEM IN THE PRESENCE OF A MAGNETIC FIELD
Uhlmann, Gunther
of reversible systems 36 6.4. Generic local boundary rigidity 38 Appendix A. Geometry of magnetic systems 42 A.1. SantalÂ´o's formula 45 A.5. Index form of a magnetic geodesic 46 Appendix B. Study of a certain classTHE BOUNDARY RIGIDITY PROBLEM IN THE PRESENCE OF A MAGNETIC FIELD NURLAN S. DAIRBEKOV, GABRIEL P
Athens, University of
Robust model-based detection of the lung field boundaries in portable chest radiographs supported of the lung field boundaries in portable chest radiographs supported by selective thresholding D K Iakovidis1-ray misinterpretation rates. This paper presents a novel methodology for the detection of the lung field boundaries
Electromagnetic field of a charge intersecting a cold plasma boundary in a waveguide
Alekhina, Tatiana Yu.; Tyukhtin, Andrey V. [Radiophysics Department of St. Petersburg University, 1 Ulyanovskaya, St. Petersburg 198504 (Russian Federation)
2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the electromagnetic field of a charge crossing a boundary between a vacuum and cold plasma in a waveguide. We obtain exact expressions for the field components and the spectral density of the transition radiation. With the steepest descent technique, we investigate the field components. We show that the electromagnetic field has a different structure in a vacuum than in cold plasma. We also develop an algorithm for the computation of the field based on a certain transformation of the integration path. The behavior of the field depending on distance and time and the spectral density depending on frequency are explored for different charge velocities. Some important physical effects are noted. A considerable increase and concentration of the field near the wave front in the plasma is observed for the case of ultrarelativistic particles. In the plasma, the mode envelopes and spectral density show zero points when the charge velocity is within certain limits.
COURSE OUTLINE Management 3313
COURSE OUTLINE Management 3313 Developing Leadership Skills Online Syllabus Faculty: Andrew L Classroom): http://oc.okstate.edu Administrative contact: CEPD Distance Learning Office, 108 Gundersen, cepd, the focus will be on self- management and interpersonal concepts as opposed to organizational leadership
Reverse Engineering Quantum Field Theory
Robert Oeckl
2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z
An approach to the foundations of quantum theory is advertised that proceeds by "reverse engineering" quantum field theory. As a concrete instance of this approach, the general boundary formulation of quantum theory is outlined.
Liang, Edison; Smith, Ian [Rice University, MS 108, 6100 Main Street, Houston, TX 77005 (United States); Boettcher, Markus, E-mail: liang@rice.edu, E-mail: iansmith@rice.edu, E-mail: boettchm@ohio.edu [Physics and Astronomy Department, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States)
2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using particle-in-cell simulations, we study the kinetic physics of relativistic shear flow in collisionless electron-positron (e+e-) plasmas. We find efficient magnetic field generation and particle energization at the shear boundary, driven by streaming instabilities across the shear interface and sustained by the shear flow. Nonthermal, anisotropic high-energy particles are accelerated across field lines to produce a power-law tail turning over just below the shear Lorentz factor. These results have important implications for the dissipation and radiation of jets in blazars and gamma-ray bursts.
Negative-tension branes and tensionless (1/2) brane in boundary conformal field theory
Ishida, Akira; Kim, Yoonbai [Department of Physics and BK21 Physics Research Division, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Chanju [Department of Physics, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750 (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, O-Kab [School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin (Ireland)
2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
In the framework of boundary conformal field theory we consider a flat unstable Dp-brane in the presence of a large constant electromagnetic field. Specifically, we study the case that the electromagnetic field satisfy the following three conditions: (i) a constant electric field is turned on along the x{sup 1} direction (E{sub 1}{ne}0); (ii) the determinant of the matrix ({eta}+F) is negative so that it lies in the physical region (-det({eta}+F)>0); (iii) the 11-component of its cofactor is positive to the large electromagnetic field. In this case, we identify exactly marginal deformations depending on the spatial coordinate x{sup 1}. They correspond to tachyon profiles of hyperbolic sine, exponential, and hyperbolic cosine types. Boundary states are constructed for these deformations by utilizing T-duality approach and also by directly solving the overlap conditions in BCFT. The exponential type deformation gives a tensionless half brane connecting the perturbative string vacuum and one of the true tachyon vacua, while the others have negative tensions. This is in agreement with the results obtained in other approaches.
Gaw?dzki, Krzysztof
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a model of quantum-wire junctions where the latter are described by conformal-invariant boundary conditions of the simplest type in the multicomponent compactified massless scalar free field theory representing the bosonized Luttinger liquids in the bulk of wires. The boundary conditions result in the scattering of charges across the junction with nontrivial reflection and transmission amplitudes. The equilibrium state of such a system, corresponding to inverse temperature $\\beta$ and electric potential $V$, is explicitly constructed both for finite and for semi-infinite wires. In the latter case, a stationary nonequilibrium state describing the wires kept at different temperatures and potentials may be also constructed. The main result of the present paper is the calculation of the full counting statistics (FCS) of the charge and energy transfers through the junction in a nonequilibrium situation. Explicit expressions are worked out for the generating function of FCS and its large-deviations asym...
Jin, Yongmei M. [Department of Aerospace Engineering, Texas A and M University, 3141 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)
2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z
Effects of twin boundary mobility on domain microstructure evolution during magnetic field-induced deformation in magnetic shape memory alloys are studied by phase field micromagnetic microelastic modeling. The simulations show that different twin boundary mobilities lead to drastically different domain microstructures and evolution pathways, yielding very different magnetization and strain responses, even with opposite signs. The study also reveals complex domain phenomena in magnetic shape memory alloys.
B. Plaster
2013-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a new concept for determining the interior magnetic field vector components in neutron electric dipole moment experiments. If a closed three-dimensional boundary surface surrounding the fiducial volume of an experiment can be defined such that its interior encloses no currents or sources of magnetization, each of the interior vector field components and the magnetic scalar potential will satisfy a Laplace equation. Therefore, if either the vector field components or the normal derivative of the scalar potential can be measured on the surface of this boundary, thus defining a Dirichlet or Neumann boundary-value problem, respectively, the interior vector field components or the scalar potential (and, thus, the field components via the gradient of the potential) can be uniquely determined via solution of the Laplace equation. We discuss the applicability of this technique to the determination of the interior magnetic field components during the operating phase of neutron electric dipole moment experiments when it is not, in general, feasible to perform direct in situ measurements of the interior field components. We also study the specifications that a vector field probe must satisfy in order to determine the interior vector field components to a certain precision. The technique we propose here may also be applicable to experiments requiring monitoring of the vector magnetic field components within some closed boundary surface, such as searches for neutron-antineutron oscillations along a flight path or measurements in storage rings of the muon anomalous magnetic moment $g-2$ and the proton electric dipole moment.
Li, Bo
Yukawa-field approximation of electrostatic free energy and dielectric boundary force This article.1088/0951-7715/24/11/011 Yukawa-field approximation of electrostatic free energy and dielectric boundary force Hsiao-Bing Cheng1. The electrostatic free energy determines the dielectric boundary force that in turn influences crucially
Krzysztof Gaw?dzki; Clément Tauber
2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a model of quantum-wire junctions where the latter are described by conformal-invariant boundary conditions of the simplest type in the multicomponent compactified massless scalar free field theory representing the bosonized Luttinger liquids in the bulk of wires. The boundary conditions result in the scattering of charges across the junction with nontrivial reflection and transmission amplitudes. The equilibrium state of such a system, corresponding to inverse temperature $\\beta$ and electric potential $V$, is explicitly constructed both for finite and for semi-infinite wires. In the latter case, a stationary nonequilibrium state describing the wires kept at different temperatures and potentials may be also constructed. The main result of the present paper is the calculation of the full counting statistics (FCS) of the charge and energy transfers through the junction in a nonequilibrium situation. Explicit expressions are worked out for the generating function of FCS and its large-deviations asymptotics. For the purely transmitting case they coincide with those obtained in the litterature, but numerous cases of junctions with transmission and reflection are also covered. The large deviations rate function of FCS for charge and energy transfers is shown to satisfy the fluctuation relations and the expressions for FCS obtained here are compared with the Levitov-Lesovic formulae.
MERIT Pump/Probe Data OutlineOutline
McDonald, Kirk
MERIT Pump/Probe Data Analysis OutlineOutline The pump/probe program Particle detector response correction Pump/probe analysis results NFMCC Collaboration Meeting , LBNL, January 26, 2009 Ilias Efthymiopoulos - CERN #12;The pump/probe program #12;The pump/probe program Use of the CERN PS flexibility
Boundary Effective Field Theory and Trans-Planckian Perturbations: Astrophysical Implications
Richard Easther; William H. Kinney; Hiranya Peiris
2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We contrast two approaches to calculating trans-Planckian corrections to the inflationary perturbation spectrum: the New Physics Hypersurface [NPH] model, in which modes are normalized when their physical wavelength first exceeds a critical value, and the Boundary Effective Field Theory [BEFT] approach, where the initial conditions for all modes are set at the same time, and modified by higher dimensional operators enumerated via an effective field theory calculation. We show that these two approaches -- as currently implemented -- lead to radically different expectations for the trans-Planckian corrections to the CMB and emphasize that in the BEFT formalism we expect the perturbation spectrum to be dominated by quantum gravity corrections for all scales shorter than some critical value. Conversely, in the NPH case the quantum effects only dominate the longest modes that are typically much larger than the present horizon size. Furthermore, the onset of the breakdown in the standard inflationary perturbation calculation predicted by the BEFT formalism is likely to be associated with a feature in the perturbation spectrum, and we discuss the observational signatures of this feature in both CMB and large scale structure observations. Finally, we discuss possible modifications to both calculational frameworks that would resolve the contradictions identified here.
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal EnergyCatalyticPreparation andEnablingFiftyThird-Harmonic Generation inOther: The Brave
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) NaturalOctoberConsumption (Million CubicOther
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) NaturalOctoberConsumption (Million CubicOtherneutrino scattering results from
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) NaturalOctoberConsumption (Million CubicOtherneutrino scattering results from
Clouds, Precipitation, and Marine Boundary Layer Structure during the MAGIC Field Campaign
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Zhou, Xiaoli [McGill Univ., Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences; Kollias, Pavlos [McGill Univ., Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences; Lewis, Ernie R. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Biological, Environmental, and Climate Sciences Dept.
2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The recent ship-based MAGIC (Marine ARM GCSS Pacific Cross-Section Intercomparison (GPCI) Investigation of Clouds) field campaign with the marine-capable Second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) deployed on the Horizon Lines cargo container M/V Spirit provided nearly 200 days of intraseasonal high-resolution observations of clouds, precipitation, and marine boundary layer (MBL) structure on multiple legs between Los Angeles, California, and Honolulu, Hawaii. During the deployment, MBL clouds exhibited a much higher frequency of occurrence than other cloud types and occurred more often in the warm season than in the cold season. MBL clouds demonstrated a propensity to produce precipitation, which often evaporated before reaching the ocean surface. The formation of stratocumulus is strongly correlated to a shallow MBL with a strong inversion and a weak transition, while cumulus formation is associated with a much weaker inversion and stronger transition. The estimated inversion strength is shown to depend seasonally on the potential temperature at 700 hPa. The location of the commencement of systematic MBL decoupling always occurred eastward of the locations of cloud breakup, and the systematic decoupling showed a strong moisture stratification. The entrainment of the dry warm air above the inversion appears to be the dominant factor triggering the systematic decoupling, while surface latent heat flux, precipitation, and diurnal circulation did not play major roles. MBL clouds broke up over a short spatial region due to the changes in the synoptic conditions, implying that in real atmospheric conditions the MBL clouds do not have enough time to evolve as in the idealized models. (auth)
Clouds, Precipitation, and Marine Boundary Layer Structure during the MAGIC Field Campaign
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Zhou, Xiaoli; Kollias, Pavlos; Lewis, Ernie R.
2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The recent ship-based MAGIC (Marine ARM GCSS Pacific Cross-Section Intercomparison (GPCI) Investigation of Clouds) field campaign with the marine-capable Second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) deployed on the Horizon Lines cargo container M/V Spirit provided nearly 200 days of intraseasonal high-resolution observations of clouds, precipitation, and marine boundary layer (MBL) structure on multiple legs between Los Angeles, California, and Honolulu, Hawaii. During the deployment, MBL clouds exhibited a much higher frequency of occurrence than other cloud types and occurred more often in the warm season than in the cold season. MBL clouds demonstrated a propensity to produce precipitation, which often evaporatedmore »before reaching the ocean surface. The formation of stratocumulus is strongly correlated to a shallow MBL with a strong inversion and a weak transition, while cumulus formation is associated with a much weaker inversion and stronger transition. The estimated inversion strength is shown to depend seasonally on the potential temperature at 700 hPa. The location of the commencement of systematic MBL decoupling always occurred eastward of the locations of cloud breakup, and the systematic decoupling showed a strong moisture stratification. The entrainment of the dry warm air above the inversion appears to be the dominant factor triggering the systematic decoupling, while surface latent heat flux, precipitation, and diurnal circulation did not play major roles. MBL clouds broke up over a short spatial region due to the changes in the synoptic conditions, implying that in real atmospheric conditions the MBL clouds do not have enough time to evolve as in the idealized models. (auth)« less
M. Hassan Farshbaf-Shaker; Christian Heinemann
2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we investigate a phase field model for damage processes in two-dimensional viscoelastic media with nonhomogeneous Neumann data describing external boundary forces. In the first part we establish global-in-time existence, uniqueness, a priori estimates and continuous dependence of strong solutions on the data. The main difficulty is caused by the irreversibility as well as boundedness of the phase field variable which results in a doubly constrained PDE system. In the last part we consider an optimal control problem where a cost functional penalizes maximal deviations from prescribed damage profiles. The goal is to minimize the cost functional with respect to exterior forces acting on the boundary which play the role of the control variable in the considered model. To this end, we prove existence of minimizers and study a family of "local" approximations via adapted cost functionals.
M. Hassan Farshbaf-Shaker; Christian Heinemann
2015-07-08T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we investigate a phase field model for damage processes in two-dimensional viscoelastic media with nonhomogeneous Neumann data describing external boundary forces. In the first part we establish global-in-time existence, uniqueness, a priori estimates and continuous dependence of strong solutions on the data. The main difficulty is caused by the irreversibility of the phase field variable which results in a constrained PDE system. In the last part we consider an optimal control problem where a cost functional penalizes maximal deviations from prescribed damage profiles. The goal is to minimize the cost functional with respect to exterior forces acting on the boundary which play the role of the control variable in the considered model. To this end, we prove existence of minimizers and study a family of "local" approximations via adapted cost functionals.
Outlining a scholarly workbench publication and data as a continuum
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Outlining a scholarly workbench publication and data as a continuum Laurent Romary INRIA viewed from the point of view of research repositories · Publication repositories Where do we stand · A multidisciplinary field Publications: importance of conferences, long- standing culture of publication
Measurements of stress fields near a grain boundary: Exploring blocked arrays of dislocations in 3D
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Guo, Y.; Collins, D. M.; Tarleton, E.; Hofmann, F.; Tischler, J.; Liu, W.; Xu, R.; Wilkinson, A. J.; Britton, T. B.
2015-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The interaction between dislocation pile-ups and grain boundaries gives rise to heterogeneous stress distributions when a structural metal is subjected to mechanical loading. Such stress heterogeneity leads to preferential sites for damage nucleation and therefore is intrinsically linked to the strength and ductility of polycrystalline metals. To date the majority of conclusions have been drawn from 2D experimental investigations at the sample surface, allowing only incomplete observations. Our purpose here is to significantly advance the understanding of such problems by providing quantitative measurements of the effects of dislocation pile up and grain boundary interactions in 3D. This is accomplished throughmore »the application of differential aperture X-ray Laue micro-diffraction (DAXM) and high angular resolution electron backscatter diffraction (HR-EBSD) techniques. Our analysis demonstrates a similar strain characterization capability between DAXM and HR-EBSD and the variation of stress intensity in 3D reveals that different parts of the same grain boundary may have different strengths in resisting slip transfer, likely due to the local grain boundary curvature.« less
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS FOR THE SCALAR FIELD IN THE PRESENCE OF SIGNATURE CHANGE
Tevian Dray; Corinne A. Manogue; Robin W. Tucker
1995-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
We show that, contrary to recent criticism, our previous work yields a reasonable class of solutions for the massless scalar field in the presence of signature change.
Hicks, B.B.; Hess, G.D.; Wesely, M.L.; Yamada, T.; Frenzen, P.; Hart, R.L.; Sisterson, D.L.; Hess, P.E.; Kulhanek, F.C.; Lipschutz, R.C.; Zerbe, G.A.
1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Two complementary experimental studies of the evolving structure of the lower 2 km of the atmosphere, conducted over farmlands in central Illinois during essentially the same mid-summer weeks of two successive years, are described. The first experiment (21 July - 13 August 1975) investigated the early morning break up of the nocturnal stable layer and the rapid growth of the mixed layer before noon; the second (16 to 30 July 1976) examined the decline of the mixed layer through the late afternoon and evening, and the formation and intensification of the ground-based inversion before midnight. Methods of observation and data reduction are summarized in some detail, and the data obtained in the form of hourly wind and temperature profiles, plus sufficient surface flux information to characterize the lower boundary conditions, are tabulated in a series of appendices. These results constitute complete data sets which may be used to test models of the diurnal evolution of the lower atmosphere.
Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 2
Vardeman, Stephen B.
Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 2 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 1 / 52 #12;Kinds of Production Costs Costs incurred). Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 2 / 52 #12;Costs and Production Volume
Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1
Vardeman, Stephen B.
Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 1 / 53 #12;THE Basics The very basic notion that governs) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 2 / 53 #12;Solving for P The (N
Kumar, Dinesh; Bhattacharyya, R. [Udaipur Solar Observatory, Physical Research Laboratory, Dewali, Bari Road, Udaipur-313001 (India)] [Udaipur Solar Observatory, Physical Research Laboratory, Dewali, Bari Road, Udaipur-313001 (India); Smolarkiewicz, P. K. [European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading RG2 9AX (United Kingdom)] [European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading RG2 9AX (United Kingdom)
2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
In ideal magnetohydrodynamics characterized by an infinite electrical conductivity, the magnetic flux across an arbitrary fluid surface is conserved in time. The magnetofluid then can be partitioned into contiguous subvolumes of fluid, each of which entraps its own subsystem of magnetic flux. During dynamical evolution of the magnetofluid, these subvolumes press into each other; and in the process, two such subvolumes may come into direct contact while ejecting a third interstitial subvolume. Depending on the orientations of magnetic fields of the two interacting subvolumes, the magnetic field at the common surface of interaction may become discontinuous and a current sheet is formed there. This process of current sheet formation and their subsequent decay is believed to be a plausible mechanism for coronal heating and may also be responsible for various eruptive phenomena at the solar corona. In this work, we explore this theoretical concept through numerical simulations of a viscous, incompressible magnetofluid characterized by infinite electrical conductivity. In particular, we show that if the initial magnetic field is prescribed by superposition of two linear force-free fields with different torsion coefficients, then formation of current sheets are numerically realizable in the neighborhood of magnetic nulls.
Kiliyanpilakkil, V P; Ruiz-Columbié, A; Araya, G; Castillo, L; Hirth, B; Burgett, W
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have analyzed long-term wind speed time-series from five field sites up to a height of 300 m from the ground. Structure function-based scaling analysis has revealed that the scaling exponents in the mesoscale regime systematically depend on height. This anomalous behavior is shown to be caused by the buoyancy effects. In the framework of the extended self-similarity, the relative scaling exponents portray quasi-universal behavior.
Confinement of the Sun's interior magnetic field: some exact boundary-layer solutions
T. S. Wood; M. E. McIntyre
2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
High-latitude laminar confinement of the Sun's interior magnetic field is shown to be possible, as originally proposed by Gough and McIntyre (1998) but contrary to a recent claim by Brun and Zahn (A&A 2006). Mean downwelling as weak as 2x10^-6cm/s -- gyroscopically pumped by turbulent stresses in the overlying convection zone and/or tachocline -- can hold the field in advective-diffusive balance within a confinement layer of thickness scale ~ 1.5Mm ~ 0.002 x (solar radius) while transmitting a retrograde torque to the Ferraro-constrained interior. The confinement layer sits at the base of the high-latitude tachocline, near the top of the radiative envelope and just above the `tachopause' marking the top of the helium settling layer. A family of exact, laminar, frictionless, axisymmetric confinement-layer solutions is obtained for uniform downwelling in the limit of strong rotation and stratification. A scale analysis shows that the flow is dynamically stable and the assumption of laminar flow realistic. The solution remains valid for downwelling values of the order of 10^-5cm/s but not much larger. This suggests that the confinement layer may be unable to accept a much larger mass throughput. Such a restriction would imply an upper limit on possible internal field strengths, perhaps of the order of hundreds of gauss, and would have implications also for ventilation and lithium burning. The solutions have interesting chirality properties not mentioned in the paper owing to space restrictions, but described at http://www.atmos-dynamics.damtp.cam.ac.uk/people/mem/papers/SQBO/solarfigure.html
Quantum logic. A brief outline Karl Svozil #
Svozil, Karl
evidence of the quantum world. We give a brief outline of quantum logic, and some of its algebraic outline of its nonclassical aspects; in particular violations of BooleBell type consistency constraints and algebraic order of events from empirical facts. This is very different from the ``classical'' logical
Spectrum of local boundary operators from boundary form factor bootstrap
M. Szots; G. Takacs
2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
Using the recently introduced boundary form factor bootstrap equations, we map the complete space of their solutions for the boundary version of the scaling Lee-Yang model and sinh-Gordon theory. We show that the complete space of solutions, graded by the ultraviolet behaviour of the form factors can be brought into correspondence with the spectrum of local boundary operators expected from boundary conformal field theory, which is a major evidence for the correctness of the boundary form factor bootstrap framework.
THE URBAN BOUNDARY-LAYER FIELD CAMPAIGN IN MARSEILLE (UBL/CLU-ESCOMPTE): SET-UP AND FIRST RESULTS
´omer, CNRS UBO, Brest, France and University of Hawaii, Honolulu, U.S.A.; 6 Service d'Ae´ronomie, IPSL breezes, and the related transport and diffusion of pollutants over different districts of the city boundary layer, Urban meteorology. 1. Introduction The assessment of air quality within an urban area
Course Outline Psychology 501 Advanced Personality
Hopfinger, Joseph B.
theorists of the twentieth century and integrating what we know about their personal livesCourse Outline Psychology 501 Advanced Personality Sample Syllabus Assigned Text: Monte & Sollod and external situations control our behavior? · Are there reliable clusters of personality types among us
Outline PhD Research Plan D-ERDW PhD Research Plan Outline
Gilli, Adrian
Outline PhD Research Plan D-ERDW PhD Research Plan Outline Doctoral students compile a research (PhD Research Proposal Defense). Final approval is by the doctoral committee of the department or economic need. 2 PhD thesis Explain the main question you want to answer. Connect it with current state
Vacuum Structure and Boundary Renormalization Group
M. Asorey; J. M. Munoz-Castaneda
2007-12-28T23:59:59.000Z
The vacuum structure is probed by boundary conditions. The behaviour of thermodynamical quantities like free energy, boundary entropy and entanglement entropy under the boundary renormalization group flow are analysed in 2D conformal field theories. The results show that whereas vacuum energy and boundary entropy turn out to be very sensitive to boundary conditions, the vacuum entanglement entropy is independent of boundary properties when the boundary of the entanglement domain does not overlap the boundary of the physical space. In all cases the second law of thermodynamics holds along the boundary renormalization group flow.
SMOOTH OIL & GAS FIELD OUTLINES MADE FROM BUFFERED WELLS
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS NationalStocks 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013Feet)Recoverable Coal9.The VBA code provided at
PERCENT FEDERAL LAND FOR OIL/GAS FIELD OUTLINES
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS NationalStocks 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 20143 FigureProducing Gas-! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !PERCENT
Texas 4-H Horse Project Teaching Outlines
Howard, Jeff W.; Johnson, Ken; Mason, Vanessa; Mitchell, Julianne
2000-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Department, and Vanessa Mason, former Extension Assis- tant in Animal Science State Horse Office. Editorial contributions were made by Doug Householder and Pete Gibbs, Extension Horse Specialists. III CONTENTS The Digestive System of the Horse 1 Feeding... Management 30 minutes THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF THE HORSE Subject Matter Outline Youth should be able to: a73 Identify the digestive system of the horse a73 List the parts of the foregut and hindgut a73 Recognize the functions of each compartment a73 Identify...
Martin, Elijah H [ORNL; Goniche, M. [French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Cadarache, St. Paul lez Durance; Klepper, C Christopher [ORNL; Hillairet, J. [French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Institute for Magnetic Fusion Research (IRFM); Isler, Ralph C [ORNL; Caughman, J. B. O. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Colas, L. [French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Cadarache, St. Paul lez Durance; Ekedahl, A. [French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Institute for Magnetic Fusion Research (IRFM); Colledani, G. [French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Institute for Magnetic Fusion Research (IRFM); Lotte, Ph. [French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Cadarache, St. Paul lez Durance; Litaudon, X [French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA); Hillis, Donald Lee [ORNL; Harris, Jeffrey H [ORNL
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Interaction of radio-frequency (RF) waves with the plasma in the near-field of a high-power wave launcher is now seen to be important, both in understanding the channeling of these waves through the plasma boundary and in avoiding power losses in the edge. In a recent Letter a direct non-intrusive measurement of a near antenna RF electric field in the range of lower hybrid (LH) frequencies ($E_{LH}$) was announced (Phys. Rev. Lett., 110:215005, 2013). The measurement was achieved through the fitting of Balmer series deuterium spectral lines utilizing a time dependent (dynamic) Stark effect model. In this article, the processing of the spectral data is discussed in detail and applied to a larger range of measurements and the accuracy and limitations of the experimental technique is investigated. It was found through an analysis of numerous Tore Supra pulses that good quantitative agreement exists between the measured and full-wave modeled $E_{LH}$ when the launched power exceeds 0.5MW. For low power the measurement becomes formidable utilizing the implemented passive spectroscopic technique because the spectral noise overwhelms the effect of the RF electric field on the line profile. Additionally, effects of the ponderomotive force are suspected at sufficiently high power.
MARQUETTE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OUTLINE FOR DISSERTATION, THESIS,
Sanders, Matthew
MARQUETTE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OUTLINE FOR DISSERTATION, THESIS, PROFESSIONAL PROJECT OR ESSAY STUDENT INFORMATION Dissertation Director: Dissertation Director: TYPED NAMES SIGNATURES Committee Member: Committee Member: Committee Member: Committee Member: The Outline for Dissertation, Thesis
Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems
Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes
2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.
MPLP Curriculum Outline Defining Ourselves and Our Work
Riley, Shawn J.
MPLP Curriculum Outline Defining Ourselves and Our Work Introduction of Fellows Determine Personal Leadership Style Review Program Goals and Curriculum Establish and Share Individual Goals Understanding
Outline of the talk Statistics on Graphs, Exponential Formula and
Poinsot, Laurent
Outline of the talk Statistics on Graphs, Exponential Formula and Combinatorial Physics G and Complexity" Laurent Poinsot Statistics on Graphs, Exponential Formula and Combinatorial Physics #12;Exponential Formula : Informal Version Ingredients for the exponential formula Partial commutative monoids
Outline for Linear Equations and Inequalities of 2 variables
charlotb
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Outline for Linear Equations and Inequalities of 2 variables. A. 1. Substitute any value for x in the equation and solve for y. This results in a point (x, y). OR.
Physics 112 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Winter 2000 COURSE OUTLINE
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Physics 112 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Winter 2000 COURSE OUTLINE TOPIC READINGS 1 and probability theory can be found in Chapter 16 of Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences, by Mary L
integrated Wireless Information Network (iWIN) Lab A Robust Boundary Detection
Wu, Hongyi
· Related work · Motivation · Coconut algorithm · Simulation · Conclusion #12;integrated Wireless;integrated Wireless Information Network (iWIN) Lab OUTLINE · Introduction · Coconut algorithm · Coarse · Conclusion #12;integrated Wireless Information Network (iWIN) Lab COCONUT ALGORITHM · Coarse Boundary Surface
Master's programme in Electric Power Engineering Programme outline
Lagergren, Jens
of a power system with long transmission lines.The thesis defence took place at KTH in 1928.) Thus, afterMaster's programme in Electric Power Engineering Programme outline This programme consists three subject areas, namely: 1. Electric power systems (focusing on power system dynamics, stability
OUTLINE FOR Chapter 5 AERODYNAMICS (W4-2-1)
Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"
Vortex Filament Vortex line Vortex filament: a infinitesimal vortex tube. Vortex tube Reference: "Low Vortex in 3D Airfoil / Lifting Line theory 4 #12;2013/6/3 3 INDUCED VELOCITY, EFFECTIVE ANGLE OF ATTACK4_2_4) OUTLINE FOR Chapter 5 AERODYNAMICS (W4-3-1) #12;2013/6/3 5 Helmholtz Vortex Theorem
Geography 5: People and Earth's Ecosystems Lecture Outline
resources" 2 Outline: 1. Earth: A dynamic planet 2. Minerals and Rocks 3. Economic Geology and Mineralogy 4 surrounding the core (less dense than the core) Crust - Cool, lightweight, brittle outermost layer. Floats on top of mantle. 1. Earth: A dynamic planet 4 Tectonic Processes Mantle contains convection currents
Outline Overview Design Principles Key Points Design Principles
Almulhem, Ahmad
Engineering Department, KFUPM Spring 2008 Ahmad Almulhem - Network Security Engineering - 2008 1 / 12 #12-Safe Defaults Economy of Mechanism Complete Mediation Open Design Separation of Privilege Least Common Mechanism Psychological Acceptability 3 Key Points Ahmad Almulhem - Network Security Engineering - 2008 2 / 12 #12;Outline
O'Leary outlines policy views at confirmation hearing
Simpson, J.
1993-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
In her confirmation hearing, Secretary O'Leary outlined her views on various controversial issues. Among these were management of Yucca Mountain and the search for a nuclear waste repository, research on alternative fuels, encouragement of the use of renewable energy sources, and her views on intergrated resource planning.
GEOL 2520 IGNEOUS AND METAMORPHIC PETROLOGY COURSE OUTLINE
Chakhmouradian, Anton
GEOL 2520 IGNEOUS AND METAMORPHIC PETROLOGY COURSE OUTLINE Instructor: Dr. Anton Chakhmouradian (Rm text: Winter, J.D. (2009): "Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology", 2nd Edition. Prentice of the Earth's mantle and crust. The origin of igneous and metamorphic rocks. IGNEOUS PETROLOGY The origin
Recent Flare Studies at NJIT Outline of Studies
continuum brightening (white-light flares) Black-light solar flares (BLFs; Henoux et al. 1990): electron flares. - Solar limb in D3, showing a narrow, bright band above the photosphere between 1000 and 2500 km3/28/2014 1 Recent Flare Studies at NJIT Lecture 10 Outline of Studies Black Light Flares Moreton
Page | 1 Managed Print Project Outline Pull Printing
Glasgow, University of
in power and reductions in total print volume. 2. Reduce costs by implementing a cost the completion of these initiatives. The UK government's introduction of the Carbon Reduction Commitments (CRC.0 Project Outline Following a number of pilot exercises, the University is preparing to move to new printing
Cylinder kernel expansion of Casimir energy with a Robin boundary
Liu, Zhonghai
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the Casimir energy of a massless scalar field obeying the Robin boundary condition on one plate and the Dirichlet boundary condition on another plate for two parallel plates with a separation of alpha. The Casimir energy densities...
Cylinder kernel expansion of Casimir energy with a Robin boundary
Liu, Zhonghai
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the Casimir energy of a massless scalar field obeying the Robin boundary condition on one plate and the Dirichlet boundary condition on another plate for two parallel plates with a separation of alpha. The ...
Outline History Basic Theory Research Future Accelerators References Brief Overview of Wakefield
Budker, Dmitry
Outline History Basic Theory Research Future Accelerators References Brief Overview of Wakefield Overview of Wakefield Acceleration #12;Outline History Basic Theory Research Future Accelerators References of Wakefield Acceleration #12;Outline History Basic Theory Research Future Accelerators References Wakefield
Gunawardena, Jeremy
Supplementary Figure 1 Steen Supplementary Figure 1. Pseudocode outlining of the computational algorithm. Pseudocode outlining the main steps of our procedure for detecting unannotated translation
COURSE OUTLINE ENV 399 Special Topic: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
with specific environmental issues such as pollution, toxic substances, water management, fisheries, forestry policy making. In-class film presentation: Crude: The Real Price of Oil (2009). 2. Basic Concepts conventions; customary international law; implementation and compliance issues; trans-boundary pollution
Riemann surfaces with boundaries and the theory of vertex operator
Huang, Yi-Zhi
of quantum field theory. When a definition of quantum field theory is given mathematically, a wellRiemann surfaces with boundaries and the theory of vertex operator algebras Yi-Zhi Huang Abstract The connection between Riemann surfaces with boundaries and the theory of vertex operator algebras is discussed
Satoshi Ohya; Makoto Sakamoto; Motoi Tachibana
2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we argue that boundary condition may run with energy scale. As an illustrative example, we consider one-dimensional quantum mechanics for a spinless particle that freely propagates in the bulk yet interacts only at the origin. In this setting we find the renormalization group flow of U(2) family of boundary conditions exactly. We show that the well-known scale-independent subfamily of boundary conditions are realized as fixed points. We also discuss the duality between two distinct boundary conditions from the renormalization group point of view. Generalizations to conformal mechanics and quantum graph are also discussed.
North York (Yonge Street) building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours and places
Title: North York (Yonge Street) building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours heights, contours, building outlines, landmarks, points of interest Restrictions: Data is licensed for use@yorku.ca) Citation: RMSI. "[North York (Yonge Street) building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours
Downtown Toronto building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours and places
Title: Downtown Toronto building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours and places Data, building outlines, landmarks, points of interest Restrictions: Data is licensed for use of York University. "[Downtown Toronto building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours and places]" [electronic
Kortenkamp, David
60Dr. Gregory A. Dorais, NASA Ames Research Center Dr. David Kortenkamp, NASA Johnson Space Center NASA HCA Applications OutlineNASA HCA Applications Outline l 3T Control Architecture architecture Satellite Assistant (under development) #12;61Dr. Gregory A. Dorais, NASA Ames Research Center Dr. David
X-ray server : an outline resource for simulations of x-ray diffraction and scattering.
Stepanov, S.; Biosciences Division
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
X-ray Server is a public project operational at the APS since 1997 with the goals to explore novel network technologies for providing wide scientific community with access to personal research results, establishing scientific collaborations, and refining scientific software. The Server provides Web-based access to a number of programs developed by the author in the field of X-ray diffraction and scattering. The software code operates directly on the Server available for use without downloading. Currently seven programs are accessible that have been used more than 85,000 times. This report discusses the Server philosophy, provides an overview of the physical models and algorithms beneath the codes and demonstrates some applications of the programs. It is shown with examples and statistics how the Server goals are achieved. The plans for further X-ray Server development are outlined.
GMM 2010 Curriculum The outline provisions of the academic regulations
Bataillon, Thomas
The GMM programme entitles to the title of Bachelor of Engineering in Global Management and Manufacturing within relevant engineering fields, and independently solve existing engineering related tasks 3 and control, supply chain management, economy, sourcing and strategy) and relevant insights into other related
Master's programme in Sustainable Energy Engineering Programme outline
Lagergren, Jens
specialisations - Sustainable Power Genera- tion, Sustainable Energy Utilisation in the Built Enviroment and Solar Energy - are marked by an intensive introductory period followed by broad-based coursework giving of the see Programme is to provide state-of-the-art education in the fields of solar energy, power generation
Testing outer boundary treatments for the Einstein equations
Oliver Rinne; Lee Lindblom; Mark A. Scheel
2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
Various methods of treating outer boundaries in numerical relativity are compared using a simple test problem: a Schwarzschild black hole with an outgoing gravitational wave perturbation. Numerical solutions computed using different boundary treatments are compared to a `reference' numerical solution obtained by placing the outer boundary at a very large radius. For each boundary treatment, the full solutions including constraint violations and extracted gravitational waves are compared to those of the reference solution, thereby assessing the reflections caused by the artificial boundary. These tests use a first-order generalized harmonic formulation of the Einstein equations. Constraint-preserving boundary conditions for this system are reviewed, and an improved boundary condition on the gauge degrees of freedom is presented. Alternate boundary conditions evaluated here include freezing the incoming characteristic fields, Sommerfeld boundary conditions, and the constraint-preserving boundary conditions of Kreiss and Winicour. Rather different approaches to boundary treatments, such as sponge layers and spatial compactification, are also tested. Overall the best treatment found here combines boundary conditions that preserve the constraints, freeze the Newman-Penrose scalar Psi_0, and control gauge reflections.
Boundaries and Topological Algorithms
Fleck, Margaret Morrison
1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis develops a model for the topological structure of situations. In this model, the topological structure of space is altered by the presence or absence of boundaries, such as those at the edges of objects. ...
M&V Plan and Savings Calculations Methods Outline (IDIQ Attachment...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
planning and savings calculation methods for an energy savings performance contract (ESPC). mvplanoutline.doc More Documents & Publications Post-Installation Report Outline...
School of Architecture Strategic Plan Outline page 1 School of Architecture
Maxwell, Bruce D.
School of Architecture Strategic Plan Outline page 1 School of Architecture Montana State University Strategic Planning Document Condensed Outline May 24, 2013 School of Architecture Vision Recognizing that architecture is a basic human need, we strive to play an essential and innovative role
Title: York University building outlines with heights and clutter (land use) data Data Creator /
Title: York University building outlines with heights and clutter (land use) data Data Creator(s): April 2010 Updates: N/A Abstract: Data consists of: 3D Building Outlines in the York University Keele. Clutter data categories include: 1 Inland Water 2 Open 3 Low tree density 4 High Tree density 5 Buildings
Outline The Ensemble Kalman Filter Parameter estimation Test example Conclusion History matching via
Mosegaard, Klaus
Outline The Ensemble Kalman Filter Parameter estimation Test example Conclusion History matching via Ensemble Kalman Filtering for a synthetic test case Jan Frydendall IMM, CERE jf@imm.dtu.dk Jan Frydendall, CERE and IMM 1 #12;Outline The Ensemble Kalman Filter Parameter estimation Test example
Loudon, Catherine
1 Sample Dissertation Proposal Outlines (Should Be Confirmed with Advisor) by Mark Warschauer, 11 January 2010 These two sample dissertation proposal outlines one for a standard dissertation and one for a three-article dissertation are being provided as examples only. There is no standard dissertation
Course Outline Page 1 of 4 August 22, 2013 ECE 4240 Microprocessor Interfacing
Major, Arkady
Outline Page 1 of 4 August 22, 2013 ECE 4240 Microprocessor Interfacing Course Outline Fall Term 2013, microprocessors, and microcomputers to the external world, including interfacing of I/O devices with minimum hardware and software, data acquisition with and without microprocessors, data communications, transmission
Budker, Dmitry
of Particle Accelerators Eugene S. Evans1 February 17, 2010 1 University of California, Berkeley Eugene S. Evans Brief Overview of Particle Accelerators #12;Outline Layout Ion Sources Acceleration Accumulation Collider at CERN Eugene S. Evans Brief Overview of Particle Accelerators #12;Outline Layout Ion Sources
Applied Mathematics 4611F page 1 of 2 Course Outline 2013-14 Dr. Z. Krougly
Krougly, Zinovi
projects and a presentation. Course Outline by Topical Areas: Basic C++, Fundamental Types and Basic Modeling, Environmental Science, etc. Method of Evaluation: 5% Assignment 1 Â September 30, 2013 5 Senate Academic Handbook has specified that the following points should be added to all course outlines
NEURAL PCA NETWORK FOR LUNG OUTLINE RECONSTRUCTION IN VQ SCAN IMAGES
Serpen, Gursel
NEURAL PCA NETWORK FOR LUNG OUTLINE RECONSTRUCTION IN VQ SCAN IMAGES G. Serpen1 , Ph. D., R. Iyer1 system takes the digitized ventilation-perfusion scan images of lungs as input, identify a template according to the size and shape of the lungs and thereby approximate and reconstruct the outline of the lung
What is Concurrent Programming? Course Outline (Approximate) Evaluation & Deadlines Engineering 9869
Peters, Dennis
What is Concurrent Programming? Course Outline (Approximate) Evaluation & Deadlines Engineering 9869 Advanced Concurrent Programming Introduction Dennis Peters1 Fall 2007 1 Throughout this course I will be borrowing from Dr. Theo Norvell #12;What is Concurrent Programming? Course Outline (Approximate) Evaluation
Extensions of mapping classes from the boundary of a Biringer san & Lecuire san
Paoluzzi, Luisa
Extensions of mapping classes from the boundary of a handlebody Biringer san & Lecuire san Biringer san & Lecuire san () Extensions of mapping classes 1 / 32 #12;Contents 1 Questions 2 Statements 3 Definitions 4 Outline of the proof 5 Yet unanswered questions 6 Biproduct of the proof Biringer san & Lecuire
Casimir Energy due to a Semi-Infinite Plane Boundary
H. Ahmedov; I. H. Duru
2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z
Following the derivation of the Green function for the massless scalar field satisfying the Dirichlet boundary condition on the Plane (x > 0, y = 0), we calculate the Casimir energy.
A study on boundary separation in an idealized ocean model
Düben, Peter D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In numerical ocean models coast lines change the direction from one grid cell to its neighbor and the value for viscosity is set to be as small as possible. Therefore, model simulations are not converged with resolution and boundary separation points differ in essential properties from flow separation in continuous flow fields. In this paper, we investigate the quality of the representation of boundary separation points in global ocean models. To this end, we apply well established criteria for boundary separation within an idealized ocean model setup. We investigate an eddy-resolving as well as a steady test case with idealized and unstructured coast lines in a shallow water model that is based on a finite element discretization method. The results show that well established criteria for separation fail to detect boundary separation points due to an insufficient representation of ocean flows along free-slip boundaries. Along no-slip boundaries, most separation criteria provide adequate results. However, a ve...
SHORT-TERM EVOLUTION OF CORONAL HOLE BOUNDARIES
Krista, Larisza D.; Gallagher, Peter T.; Bloomfield, D. Shaun [Astrophysics Research Group, School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland)
2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
The interaction of open and closed field lines at coronal hole (CH) boundaries is widely accepted to be due to interchange magnetic reconnection. To date, it is unclear how the boundaries vary on short timescales and at what velocity this occurs. Here, we describe an automated boundary tracking method used to determine CH boundary displacements on short timescales. The boundary displacements were found to be isotropic and to have typical expansion/contraction speeds of {<=}2 km s{sup -1}, which indicate magnetic reconnection rates of {<=}3 x 10{sup -3}. The observed displacements were used in conjunction with the interchange reconnection model to derive typical diffusion coefficients of {<=}3 x 10{sup 13} cm{sup 2} s{sup -1}. These results are consistent with an interchange reconnection process in the low corona driven by the random granular motions of open and closed fields in the photosphere.
Disjoint BoundaryBoundary Paths in Critical Circular Planar Networks
Morrow, James A.
Disjoint BoundaryÂBoundary Paths in Critical Circular Planar Networks Ryan Sturgell December 8 that in a critical circular planar network every interior vertex has three disjoint paths to the boundary. 1, 1998 Abstract This paper explores some properties of critical circular planar netÂ works. The main
City of Anaheim This page outlines solar PV incentives, financing mechanisms, permitting process Apply for local permits Install your PV system Arrange for your PV system to be interconnected to your
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet)sets safety record |PersonalPhotos Browse By -Department of5)Bonneville Power
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet)sets safety record |PersonalPhotos Browse By -Department of5)Bonneville
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41cloth Documentation DataDepartment of EnergyOn-Farm1 of 62.1Energy,Busy Week May" 9 0 0CHRISTIE5,2,CIMEL2ACRF
Ising Interfaces and Free Boundary Conditions
Clément Hongler; Kalle Kytölä
2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z
We study the interfaces arising in the two-dimensional Ising model at critical temperature, without magnetic field. We show that in the presence of free boundary conditions between plus and minus spins, the scaling limit of these interfaces can be described by a variant of SLE, called dipolar SLE(3). This generalizes a celebrated result of Chelkak and Smirnov and proves a conjecture of Bauer, Bernard and Houdayer. We mention two possible applications of our result.
Laminar boundary layers in convective heat transport
Christian Seis
2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
We study Rayleigh-Benard convection in the high-Rayleigh-number and high-Prandtl-number regime, i.e., we consider a fluid in a container that is exposed to strong heating of the bottom and cooling of the top plate in the absence of inertia effects. While the dynamics in the bulk are characterized by a chaotic convective heat flow, the boundary layers at the horizontal container plates are essentially conducting and thus the fluid is motionless. Consequently, the average temperature exhibits a linear profile in the boundary layers. In this article, we rigorously investigate the average temperature and oscillations in the boundary layer via local bounds on the temperature field. Moreover, we deduce that the temperature profile is indeed essentially linear close to the horizontal container plates. Our results are uniform in the system parameters (e.g. the Rayleigh number) up to logarithmic correction terms. An important tool in our analysis is a new Hardy-type estimate for the convecting velocity field, which can be used to control the fluid motion in the layer. The bounds on the temperature field are derived with the help of local maximal regularity estimates for convection-diffusion equations.
Boundary filters for vector particles passing parity breaking domains
Kolevatov, S. S.; Andrianov, A. A. [Saint Petersburg State University, 1 ul. Ulyanovskaya, St. Petersburg, 198504 (Russian Federation)
2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
The electrodynamics supplemented with a Lorenz and CPT invariance violating Chern-Simons (CS) action (Carrol-Field-Jackiw electrodynamics) is studied when the parity-odd medium is bounded by a hyperplane separating it from the vacuum. The solutions in both half-spaces are carefully discussed and for space-like boundary stitched on the boundary with help of the Bogolubov transformations. The presence of two different Fock vacua is shown. The passage of photons and massive vector mesons through a boundary between the CS medium and the vacuum of conventional Maxwell electrodynamics is investigated. Effects of reflection from a boundary (up to the total one) are revealed when vector particles escape to vacuum and income from vacuum passing the boundary.
Quantum Brownian motion near a point-like reflecting boundary
V. A. De Lorenci; E. S. Moreira Jr.; M. M. Silva
2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
The Brownian motion of a test particle interacting with a quantum scalar field in the presence of a perfectly reflecting boundary is studied in (1 + 1)-dimensional flat spacetime. Particularly, the expressions for dispersions in velocity and position of the particle are explicitly derived and their behaviors examined. The results are similar to those corresponding to an electric charge interacting with a quantum electromagnetic field near a reflecting plane boundary, mainly regarding the divergent behavior of the dispersions at the origin (where the boundary is placed), and at the time interval corresponding to a round trip of a light pulse between the particle and the boundary. We close by addressing some effects of allowing the position of the particle to fluctuate.
Laminar boundary layers in convective heat transport
Seis, Christian
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study Rayleigh-Benard convection in the high-Rayleigh-number and high-Prandtl-number regime, i.e., we consider a fluid in a container that is exposed to strong heating of the bottom and cooling of the top plate in the absence of inertia effects. While the dynamics in the bulk are characterized by a chaotic convective heat flow, the boundary layers at the horizontal container plates are essentially conducting and thus the fluid is motionless. Consequently, the average temperature exhibits a linear profile in the boundary layers. In this article, we rigorously investigate the average temperature and oscillations in the boundary layer via local bounds on the temperature field. Moreover, we deduce that the temperature profile is indeed essentially linear close to the horizontal container plates. Our results are uniform in the system parameters (e.g. the Rayleigh number) up to logarithmic correction terms. An important tool in our analysis is a new Hardy-type estimate for the convecting velocity field, which ca...
Geometry of Weak Stability Boundaries
Edward Belbruno; Marian Gidea; Francesco Topputo
2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
The notion of a weak stability boundary has been successfully used to design low energy trajectories from the Earth to the Moon. The structure of this boundary has been investigated in a number of studies, where partial results have been obtained. We propose a generalization of the weak stability boundary. We prove analytically that, in the context of the planar circular restricted three-body problem, under certain conditions on the mass ratio of the primaries and on the energy, the weak stability boundary about the heavier primary coincides with a branch of the global stable manifold of the Lyapunov orbit about one of the Lagrange points.
Boundary Degeneracy of Topological Order
Juven Wang; Xiao-Gang Wen
2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the concept of boundary degeneracy of topologically ordered states on a compact orientable spatial manifold with boundaries, and emphasize that the boundary degeneracy provides richer information than the bulk degeneracy. Beyond the bulk-edge correspondence, we find the ground state degeneracy of the fully gapped edge modes depends on boundary gapping conditions. By associating different types of boundary gapping conditions as different ways of particle or quasiparticle condensations on the boundary, we develop an analytic theory of gapped boundaries. By Chern-Simons theory, this allows us to derive the ground state degeneracy formula in terms of boundary gapping conditions, which encodes more than the fusion algebra of fractionalized quasiparticles. We apply our theory to Kitaev's toric code and Levin-Wen string-net models. We predict that the $Z_2$ toric code and $Z_2$ double-semion model (more generally, the $Z_k$ gauge theory and the $U(1)_k \\times U(1)_{-k}$ non-chiral fractional quantum Hall state at even integer $k$) can be numerically and experimentally distinguished, by measuring their boundary degeneracy on an annulus or a cylinder.
5Health and Safety Policy General OutlineStatement of Responsibilities for Health and Safety
Haase, Markus
5Health and Safety Policy General OutlineStatement of Responsibilities for Health and Safety Every member of the University community has a responsibility to achieve good health and safety practice Statement (see p.4) which sets out the University's commitment to health and safety 2. as an identified set
Selmic, Sandra
24 · SECTION 3- EMERGENCY GUIDELINES PURPOSE The basic emergency procedures outlined the University Policy 4216- University's Emergency Response Plan for Faculty) and Staff and the University Policy 4217-Emergency Response Plan for Students are to enhance the protection of lives and property through effective
Physics 171 General Relativity, Black Holes and Cosmology Fall 2014 Course Outline
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Physics 171 General Relativity, Black Holes and Cosmology Fall 2014 Course Outline Topic Reading 1. Introduction to Tensors Chapter 10 of Boas 2. Covariance of Physical Laws Chapter 2.1 3. Special Relativity. For an introduction to tensors, please review Chapter 10 of Mary L. Boas, Mathematical Methods in the Physical
Wireless LANs: outline wireless 802.11 and WiFi.
Biagioni, Edoardo S.
Wireless LANs: outline wireless 802.11 and WiFi. 802.11 security: WEP, 802.11i, WPA, WPA2. networking security wireless ad-hoc and mesh networks #12;ISM bands to operate most radios, a license availability of the 2.4GHz ISM band, many applications have been developed for it #12;Wireless 802.11/Wi
Applied Mathematics 4611F page 1 of 2 Course Outline 2011-12 Prof. Z. Krougly
Krougly, Zinovi
by Topical Areas: Basic C++, Fundamental Types and Basic Operators Functions, Recursion, Iteration in Physics, Biology, Finance and Environmental Science. Method of Evaluation: 5% Assignment 1 Â September 26 Outlines: The UWO Senate Academic Handbook has specified that the following points should be added to all
Applied Mathematics 4611F page 1 of 3 Course Outline 2014-15
Krougly, Zinovi
-Oriented Programming and C++ Basic C++, Fundamental Types and Basic Operators Functions, Recursion, Iteration Modeling, Environmental Science, etc. * is a combined undergraduate/graduate course #12;Applied Mathematics Course Outlines: The UWO Senate Academic Handbook has specified that the following points should be added
Applied Mathematics 4611F page 1 of 2 Course Outline 2012-13 Prof. Z. Krougly
Krougly, Zinovi
-13 Prof. Z. Krougly 5% Assignment 4 November 16, 2012 40% Programming project 2 December 3, 2012 10 Scientific Programming Course Outline Fall 2012 Instructor: Prof. Zinovi Krougly, MC 214, Email: zkrougly methods applicable to problems in linear algebra and differential equations, introduction to the concept
BSc Biological Sciences Course Outline 1. Awarding institution The Royal Veterinary College
Daley, Monica A.
underpins an individual discipline or subject area. · Cognate sciences. · The political, social and economic1 BSc Biological Sciences Course Outline 1. Awarding institution The Royal Veterinary College 2. Final award Bachelor of Science 5. Programme Title Biological Sciences 6. Date of First Intake 2014 7
BSc Bioveterinary Sciences Course Outline 1. Awarding institution The Royal Veterinary College
Daley, Monica A.
an individual discipline or subject area. · Cognate sciences. · The political, social and economic context1 BSc Bioveterinary Sciences Course Outline 1. Awarding institution The Royal Veterinary College 2. Final award Bachelor of Science 5. Programme Title Bioveterinary Sciences 6. Date of First Intake 2002 7
UMass Lowell MSA Curriculum outline Students with undergraduate non-accounting business degrees
Massachusetts at Lowell, University of
UMass Lowell MSA Curriculum outline Students with undergraduate non-accounting business degrees Credits Prerequisite undergraduate courses (5 courses required): 1 60.301 Intermediate Accounting I (60.202 Managerial Accounting) 3 60.302 Intermediate Accounting II (60.301 Intermediate Accounting I ) 3 60.321 Cost
Outline of the talk Algorithm Application Conclusion Fast computation of wavelet
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Outline of the talk Algorithm Application Conclusion Fast computation of wavelet coefficients propose a new iterative algorithm for the computation of the covariance matrix of the wavelet coefficients: Since the process is not stationary, it is not true that any wavelet functions will provide stationary
Recursion Relation for Boundary Contribution
Qingjun Jin; Bo Feng
2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that under a BCFW-deformation, there is a boundary contribution when the amplitude scales as O(1) or worse. We show that boundary contributions have a similar recursion relation as scattering amplitude. Just like the BCFW recursion relation, where scattering amplitudes are expressed as the products of two on-shell sub-amplitudes (plus possible boundary contributions), our new recursion relation expresses boundary contributions as products of sub-amplitudes and boundary contributions with less legs, plus yet another possible boundary contribution. In other words, the complete scattering amplitude, including boundary contributions, can be obtained by multiple steps of recursions, unless the boundary contributions are still non-zero when all possible deformations are exploited. We demonstrate this algorithm by several examples. Especially, we show that for standard model like renormalizable theory in 4D, i.e., the theory including only gauge boson, fermions and scalars, the complete amplitude can always be computed by at most four recursive steps using our algorithm.
Cell boundary fault detection system
Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Ratterman, Joseph D. (Rochester, MN); Smith, Brian Edward (Rochester, MN)
2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus and program product determine a nodal fault along the boundary, or face, of a computing cell. Nodes on adjacent cell boundaries communicate with each other, and the communications are analyzed to determine if a node or connection is faulty.
Stability of black holes in Einstein-charged scalar field theory in a cavity
Dolan, Sam R; Winstanley, Elizabeth
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Can a black hole that suffers a superradiant instability evolve towards a 'hairy' configuration which is stable? We address this question in the context of Einstein-charged scalar field theory. First, we describe a family of static black hole solutions which possess charged scalar-field hair confined within a mirror-like boundary. Next, we derive a set of equations which govern the linear, spherically symmetric perturbations of these hairy solutions. We present numerical evidence which suggests that, unlike the vacuum solutions, the (single-node) hairy solutions are stable under linear perturbations. Thus, it is plausible that stable hairy black holes represent the end-point of the superradiant instability of electrically-charged Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in a cavity; we outline ways to explore this hypothesis.
Explicit Supersymmetry Breaking on Boundaries of Warped Extra Dimensions
Hall, Lawrence J.; Nomura, Yasunori; Okui, Takemichi; Oliver, Steven J.
2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
Explicit supersymmetry breaking is studied in higher dimensional theories by having boundaries respect only a subgroup of the bulk symmetry. If the boundary symmetry is the maximal subgroup allowed by the boundary conditions imposed on the fields, then the symmetry can be consistently gauged; otherwise gauging leads to an inconsistent theory. In a warped fifth dimension, an explicit breaking of all bulk supersymmetries by the boundaries is found to be inconsistent with gauging; unlike the case of flat 5D, complete supersymmetry breaking by boundary conditions is not consistent with supergravity. Despite this result, the low energy effective theory resulting from boundary supersymmetry breaking becomes consistent in the limit where gravity decouples, and such models are explored in the hope that some way of successfully incorporating gravity can be found. A warped constrained standard model leads to a theory with one Higgs boson with mass expected close to the experimental limit. A unified theory in a warped fifth dimension is studied with boundary breaking of both SU(5) gauge symmetry and supersymmetry. The usual supersymmetric predictionfor gauge coupling unification holds even though the TeV spectrum is quite unlike the MSSM. Such a theory may unify matter and Higgs in the same SU(5) hypermultiplet.
Field observations and lessons learned
Nielsen, Joh B [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This presentation outlines observations and lessons learned from the Megaports program. It provides: (1) details of field and technical observations collected during LANL field activities at ports around the world and details of observations collected during radiation detections system testing at Los Alamos National Laboratory; (2) provides suggestions for improvement and efficiency; and (3) discusses possible program execution changes for more effective operations.
Physics 221B: Solution to HW # 8 Quantum Field Theory
Murayama, Hitoshi
Physics 221B: Solution to HW # 8 Quantum Field Theory 1) Bosonic Grand-Partition Function The solution to this problem is outlined clearly in the beginning of the lecture notes `Quantum Field Theory II
METEOROLOGY 130 Boundary Layer Meteorology
Clements, Craig
4) Turbulence Kinetic Energy · TKE budget and terms · Stability concepts · Richardson number 5) Measuring the Boundary Layer · Balloons · Radars · Sodars · Towers (micrometeorology) · Measuring Turbulence Time Series Analysis 8) Similarity Theory and Turbulence Closure 9) Surface Energy Budgets 10) Special
THE MARTIAN ATMOSPHERIC BOUNDARY LAYER
Spiga, Aymeric
THE MARTIAN ATMOSPHERIC BOUNDARY LAYER A. Petrosyan,1 B. Galperin,2 S. E. Larsen,3 S. R. Lewis,4 A [Haberle et al., 1993a; Larsen et al., 2002; Hinson et al., 2008]. At night, convection is inhibited
Boundary Waters Canoe Area (Minnesota)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Boundary Waters Canoe Area occupies a large section of northern Minnesota, and is preserved as a primitive wilderness area. Construction and new development is prohibited. A map of the...
Geography 104 Boundary Layer Climates
Geography 104 Boundary Layer Climates Assignment #5 Question 1: The Urban Heat Island The following briefly how the use of giant windmills or fans can be effective in preventing frost in an orchard. Refer
Wind on the boundary for the Abelian sandpile model
Philippe Ruelle
2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
We continue our investigation of the two-dimensional Abelian sandpile model in terms of a logarithmic conformal field theory with central charge c=-2, by introducing two new boundary conditions. These have two unusual features: they carry an intrinsic orientation, and, more strangely, they cannot be imposed uniformly on a whole boundary (like the edge of a cylinder). They lead to seven new boundary condition changing fields, some of them being in highest weight representations (weights -1/8, 0 and 3/8), some others belonging to indecomposable representations with rank 2 Jordan cells (lowest weights 0 and 1). Their fusion algebra appears to be in full agreement with the fusion rules conjectured by Gaberdiel and Kausch.
Compressed Natural Gas (Rev 09/14) DRAFT Page 1 of 14 Examination Procedure Outline (EPO) for
EPO No. 28 Compressed Natural Gas (Rev 09/14) DRAFT Page 1 of 14 Examination Procedure Outline (EPO) for Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers It is recommended that this outline be followed as minimum criteria for examining retail motor-fuel dispensers used to measure compressed natural gas. Non
Seppäläinen, Timo
Outline Directed polymers Log-gamma polymer KPZ equation Fluctuation exponents for certain 1+1 dimensional directed polymers Timo Sepp¨al¨ainen Department of Mathematics University of Wisconsin-Madison MSRI December 2010 Fluctuation exponents for polymers 1/36 #12;Outline Directed polymers Log
Few-Nucleon Forces and Systems in Chiral Effective Field Theory
Evgeny Epelbaum
2005-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
We outline the structure of the nuclear force in the framework of chiral effective field theory of QCD and review recent applications to processes involving few nucleons.
Title: Ontario Greenbelt Boundary File Data Creator /
Greenbelt Act 2005. Data contains three shapefiles: Greenbelt Designated Areas, Outer Boundary and River
A contour line of the continuum Gaussian free field
Schramm, Oded
Consider an instance h of the Gaussian free field on a simply connected planar domain D with boundary conditions ?? on one boundary arc and ? on the complementary arc, where ? is the special constant ??/8 . We argue that ...
Outlining the Local Void with the Parkes HI ZOA and Galactic Bulge Surveys
Renee C. Kraan-Korteweg; Nebiha Shafi; Baerbel Koribalski; Lister Staveley-Smith; Peter Buckland; Patricia A. Henning; Anthony P. Fairall
2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Parkes deep HI ZOA survey has been extended between 2002 and 2004 towards higher latitudes in the Galactic Bulge region. This area of extreme star crowding and high extinction levels remains impenetrable at any other waveband regime. Preliminary results of the 3 dimensional distribution based on the combined HI-surveys are presented. We focus on the extent and "content" of the Local Void as outlined by these HI surveys, followed by a preliminary discussion of the properties of the few galaxies detected in the Local Void.
NONE
1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
This model curriculum outline was developed using a turbo-DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process which utilizes practicing experts to undertake a comprehensive job and task analysis. The job and task analysis serves to establish current baseline data accurately and to improve both the process and the product of the job through constant and continuous improvement of training. The DACUM process is based on the following assumptions: (1) Expert workers are the best source for task analysis. (2) Any occupation can be described effectively in terms of tasks. (3) All tasks imply knowledge, skills, and attitudes/values. A DACUM panel, comprised of six experienced and knowledgeable technicians who are presently working in the field, was given an orientation to the DACUM process. The panel then identified, verified, and sequenced all the necessary job duty areas and tasks. The broad duty categories were rated according to relative importance and assigned percentage ratings in priority order. The panel then rated every task for each of the duties on a scale of 1 to 3. A rating of 3 indicates an {open_quotes}essential{close_quotes} task, a rating of 2 indicates an {open_quotes}important{close_quotes} task, and a rating of 1 indicates a {open_quotes}desirable{close_quotes} task.
Quantum Field Theory and Representation Theory
Woit, Peter
Quantum Field Theory and Representation Theory Peter Woit woit@math.columbia.edu Department of Mathematics Columbia University Quantum Field Theory and Representation Theory p.1 #12;Outline of the talk · Quantum Mechanics and Representation Theory: Some History Quantum Field Theory and Representation Theory
Are nanophase grain boundaries anomalous?
Stern, E.A.; Siegel, R.W.; Newville, M.; Sanders, P.G.; Haskel, D. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); [Materials Science and Engineering Department, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)
1995-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
The grain boundary regions of nanophase Cu metal are investigated using the x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) technique. Typical samples made by standard techniques need to be greatly thinned if measured in transmission in order to eliminate experimental artifacts which erroneously lower the apparent coordination number. To avoid this problem the samples were measured by the total electron yield technique. The results indicate a grain boundary structure which, on the average, is similar to that in conventional polycrystalline Cu, contrary to previous XAFS measurements made in transmission which indicated a lower coordination number. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital The} {ital American} {ital Physical} {ital Society}.
Study of interdomain boundary in diamagnetic domain structure in beryllium
Philip Lykov
2002-11-21T23:59:59.000Z
At low temperatures, in strong magnetic fields, the formation of a non-uniform magnetisation is possible in a single-crystal metal sample whose demagnetising factor along the field is close to unity. Namely, so-called Condon diamagnetic domain structure arises and disappears periodically with magnetic field. In this paper, the diamagnetic domain structure in beryllium single crystalis analysed. Directly, existence of diamagnetic domains in that sample was observed earlier by the muon spin precession (mSR) resonance peak splitting. A method is described that allows to calculate quantitative characteristics of the interdomain boundary using the muon histograms. The technique is based on the Marquardt minimisation procedure that has been modified in order to reduce the influence of noise on iterations convergence. Boundary volume fraction was calculated.
Matrix factorisations for rational boundary conditions by defect fusion
Nicolas Behr; Stefan Fredenhagen
2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
A large class of two-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ superconformal field theories can be understood as IR fixed-points of Landau-Ginzburg models. In particular, there are rational conformal field theories that also have a Landau-Ginzburg description. To understand better the relation between the structures in the rational conformal field theory and in the Landau-Ginzburg theory, we investigate how rational B-type boundary conditions are realised as matrix factorisations in the $SU(3)/U(2)$ Grassmannian Kazama-Suzuki model. As a tool to generate the matrix factorisations we make use of a particular interface between the Kazama-Suzuki model and products of minimal models, whose fusion can be realised as a simple functor on ring modules. This allows us to formulate a proposal for all matrix factorisations corresponding to rational boundary conditions in the $SU(3)/U(2)$ model.
Skewon-Axion Medium and Soft-and-Hard/DB Boundary Condition
Ismo V. Lindell; Ari Sihvola
2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
The class of skewon-axion media can be defined in a simple and natural manner applying four-dimensional differential-form representation of electromagnetic fields and media. It has been recently shown that an interface of a uniaxial skewon-axion medium acts as a DB boundary requiring vanishing normal components of the D and B vectors. In the present paper a more general skewon-axion medium is considered. It is shown that a planar interface of such a medium acts as a boundary generalizing both soft-and-hard (SH) and DB boundary conditions to SHDB conditions. Reflection of a plane wave from a planar SHDB boundary is studied. It is shown that for the two eigenpolarizations the boundary can be replaced by equivalent PEC or PMC boundaries. The theory is tested with a numerical example.
Alcubierre, Miguel
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a set of constraint preserving boundary conditions for the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura (BSSN) formulation of the Einstein evolution equations in spherical symmetry, based on its hyperbolic structure. While the outgoing eigenfields are left to propagate freely off the numerical grid, boundary conditions are set to enforce that the incoming eigenfields don't introduce spurious reflections and, more importantly, that there are no fields introduced at the boundary that violate the constraint equations. In order to do this we adopt two different approaches to set boundary conditions for the extrinsic curvature, by expressing either the radial or the time derivative of its associated outgoing eigenfield in terms of the constraints. We find that these boundary conditions are very robust in practice, allowing us to perform long lasting evolutions that remain accurate and stable, and that converge to a solution that satisfies the constraints all the way to the boundary.
Miguel Alcubierre; Jose M. Torres
2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a set of constraint preserving boundary conditions for the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura (BSSN) formulation of the Einstein evolution equations in spherical symmetry, based on its hyperbolic structure. While the outgoing eigenfields are left to propagate freely off the numerical grid, boundary conditions are set to enforce that the incoming eigenfields don't introduce spurious reflections and, more importantly, that there are no fields introduced at the boundary that violate the constraint equations. In order to do this we adopt two different approaches to set boundary conditions for the extrinsic curvature, by expressing either the radial or the time derivative of its associated outgoing eigenfield in terms of the constraints. We find that these boundary conditions are very robust in practice, allowing us to perform long lasting evolutions that remain accurate and stable, and that converge to a solution that satisfies the constraints all the way to the boundary.
2. System boundaries; Balance equations
Zevenhoven, Ron
") Introduction to Process Engineering v.2014 Åbo Akademi University | Thermal and Flow Engineering | 20500 Turku | Finland 2/28 2.1 System boundaries Åbo Akademi University | Thermal and Flow Engineering | 20500 Turku equations: Mass balances, other balances Åbo Akademi University | Thermal and Flow Engineering | 20500 Turku
Pressure of massless hot scalar theory in the boundary effective theory framework
Bessa, A. [Escola de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Caixa Postal 1524, 59072-970, Natal, RN (Brazil); Brandt, F. T. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Carvalho, C. A. A. de; Fraga, E. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)
2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We use the boundary effective theory approach to thermal field theory in order to calculate the pressure of a system of massless scalar fields with quartic interaction. The method naturally separates the infrared physics, and is essentially nonperturbative. To lowest order, the main ingredient is the solution of the free Euler-Lagrange equation with nontrivial (time) boundary conditions. We derive a resummed pressure, which is in good agreement with recent calculations found in the literature, following a very direct and compact procedure.
Data Management Plan (outline) The Data Management Plan (DMP to the funder's Data Policy and (2) how the investigator plans to manage the data should cover the following topics: 1. Information about the data · Describe
Batina, Lejla
: (Schaum's Outline of Theory and Problems of) Calculus. McGraw-Hill Companies, 1999, 578 p., ISBN rationale getallen Q) een deelverzameling van R waar tussen elk paar van punten uit D overaftelbaar veel
Present status of the Bevalac and design outline of proposed medical accelerator
Gough, R.A.
1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Bevalac currently supports a strong and diverse program of scientific research with beams of relativistic heavy ions in the Biomedical and Nuclear Sciences. These programs utilize ions throughout the Periodic Table that range in energy from a few MeV to 2 GeV/nucleon, including radioactive secondary beams, such as neon-19. This paper first provides a brief overview of the Bevalac, its present operational status and the accelerator improvement program, followed by a rationale for the proposed construction of a hospital-based modern synchrotron dedicated to applications in Biomedicine, including the radiotherapeutic treatment of cancer and other human disorders. An outline of the proposed design for the new machine is given, including discussion of the design philosophy, a review of major accelerator components, and the expected performance and operating characteristics.
Boundary Integral Equations and the Method of Boundary Elements
Tsynkov, Semyon V.
to consider the interior and exterior Dirichlet and Neumann boundary value problems for the Laplace equation: u 2u x2 1 + 2u x2 2 + 2u x2 3 = 0. Let be a bounded domain of the three-dimensional space R3 and exterior Dirichlet problems, respectively, and problems (13.1b) and (13.1d) are the interior and exterior
SLE($?,?$)and Boundary Coulomb Gas
S. Moghimi-Araghi; M. A. Rajabpour; S. Rouhani
2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the coulomb gas model on the upper half plane with different boundary conditions, namely Drichlet, Neuman and mixed. We related this model to SLE($\\kappa,\\rho$) theories. We derive a set of conditions connecting the total charge of the coulomb gas, the boundary charges, the parameters $\\kappa$ and $\\rho$. Also we study a free fermion theory in presence of a boundary and show with the same methods that it would lead to logarithmic boundary changing operators.
The Bootstrap Program for Boundary CFT_d
Pedro Liendo; Leonardo Rastelli; Balt C. van Rees
2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z
We study the constraints of crossing symmetry and unitarity for conformal field theories in the presence of a boundary, with a focus on the Ising model in various dimensions. We show that an analytic approach to the bootstrap is feasible for free-field theory and at one loop in the epsilon expansion, but more generally one has to resort to numerical methods. Using the recently developed linear programming techniques we find several interesting bounds for operator dimensions and OPE coefficients and comment on their physical relevance. We also show that the "boundary bootstrap" can be easily applied to correlation functions of tensorial operators and study the stress tensor as an example. In the appendices we present conformal block decompositions of a variety of physically interesting correlation functions.
Title: Boundary File: GTA (Greater Toronto Area) Data Creator /
Municipal Boundary shapefiles: Municipal Boundary Upper Tier and District, and Municipal Boundary Lower Municipality of Durham, Regional Municipality of York Data Type: Digital Vector Data Format: Shapefile Datum
The 1987 Federal field exercise: The DOE experience
Adler, M.V.; Gant, K.S.
1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The second full-scale field exercise of the Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan (FRERP) was held at the Zion Nuclear Power Station, Zion, Illinois, in June 1987. The exercise incorporated the annual compliance exercise for the Zion plant and involved the operating utility, Commonwealth Edison Company, the states of Illinois and Wisconsin, local governments, volunteer groups, and representatives from 12 federal agencies. The 3-day exercise was played from many locations in the Zion area; Springfield, Illinois; Madison, Wisconsin; and Washington, DC. Approximately 1000 people participated in the exercise, which used a scenario in which an accident at the plant resulted in the release of radioactive material outside the plant boundary. The US Department of Energy (DOE) had major responsibilities during the planning, playing, and critiquing of the exercise; these functions are outlined in the report. This document describes the DOE participation in the planning and response during the exercise. During a radiological emergency, the FRERP gives DOE the responsibility for coordinating the federal radiological monitoring and assessment activities in support of the states and the cognizant federal agency. At Zion, a self-sufficient Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center was established by DOE at a nearby fairground in which over 200 people from DOE, the two states, and other federal agencies participated. Before the field exercise, a tabletop exercise and a dry run were held for training purposes. 5 refs., 6 figs.
Rohrer, Gregory S.
Validating computed grain boundary energies in fcc metals using the grain boundary character. Since the GBCD is inversely related to the grain boundary energy distribution, it offers a useful metric for validating grain boundary energy calculations. Comparisons between the measured GBCD and calculated energies
Boundary conformal field theory and tunneling of edge quasiparticles in
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23TribalInformation AccessSciTech ConnectSciencenon-Abelian topological states (Journal Article)
ARM - Field Campaign - 2013 Lower Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugust 20132, 2006 [Facility News] New NSA20, 20102 NEAQS (New
ARM - Field Campaign - Boundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugust 20132, 2006govCampaignsBDRF Campaign Comments? We
ARM - Field Campaign - Lower Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugustClouds govCampaignsLASIC: Layered Atlantic SmokegovCampaignsLower
The gravity field and plate boundaries in Venezuela
Folinsbee, Robert Allin
1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Free-air and simple Bouguer anomaly maps of the Venezuelan continental margin (from 60°W to 72°W and from 7°N to 13°N) are presented. The major features of the free-air map are: the large lows associated with the deep ...
On the outer boundary of the sunspot penumbra
B. Kalman
2002-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
Comparison of photographic observations and vector-magnetograph measurements demonstrate, that the outer boundary of the sunspot penumbra --even in complex sunspot groups-- closely follows the 0.075T isogauss line of the total value of the magnetic field, corresponding approximately to the equipartition value in the photosphere. Radio observations also show this feature. The thick penumbra model with interchange convection (Jahn and Schmidt, 1994) gives the best explanation of the penumbral structure.
Integrated reservoir study of the Monument Northwest field: a waterflood performance evaluation
Nduonyi, Moses Asuquo
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
An integrated full-field study was conducted on the Monument Northwest field located in Kansas. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and profitability of a waterflood using numerical simulation. Outlined in this thesis is a...
Integrated reservoir study of the Monument Northwest field: a waterflood performance evaluation
Nduonyi, Moses Asuquo
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
An integrated full-field study was conducted on the Monument Northwest field located in Kansas. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and profitability of a waterflood using numerical simulation. Outlined in this thesis is a...
Grain boundaries in coated conductors
Weigand, Marcus
2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z
,757 • Bibliography: 5,087 ix Publications and Conference Presentations This thesis led to the following publications: • M. Weigand, S. C. Speller, G. M. Hughes, N. A. Rutter, S. Lozano-Perez, C. R. M. Grovenor and J. H. Durrell: “Individual grain boundary properties... and overall performance of metal-organic deposition coated conductors ”, Phys. Rev. B 81, 174537 (2010) • R. Hühne, J. Eickemeyer, V. S. Sarma, A. Güth, T. Thersleff, J. Freudenberger, O. de Haas, M. Weigand, J. H. Durrell, L. Schultz and B. Holzapfel: “Ap...
AKARI IRC survey of the Large Magellanic Cloud: Outline of the survey and initial results
Yoshifusa Ita; Takashi Onaka; Daisuke Kato; Toshihiko Tanabe; Itsuki Sakon; Hidehiro Kaneda; Akiko Kawamura; Takashi Shimonishi; Takehiko Wada; Fumihiko Usui; Bon-Chul Koo; Mikako Matsuura; Hidenori Takahashi; Yoshikazu Nakada; Tetsuo Hasegawa; Motohide Tamura
2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
We observed an area of 10 deg^2 of the Large Magellanic Cloud using the Infrared Camera on board AKARI. The observations were carried out using five imaging filters (3, 7, 11, 15, and 24 micron) and a dispersion prism (2 -- 5 micron, $\\lambda / \\Delta\\lambda$ $\\sim$ 20) equipped in the IRC. This paper describes the outline of our survey project and presents some initial results using the imaging data that detected over 5.9x10^5 near-infrared and 6.4x10^4 mid-infrared point sources. The 10 $\\sigma$ detection limits of our survey are about 16.5, 14.0, 12.3, 10.8, and 9.2 in Vega-magnitude at 3, 7, 11, 15, and 24 micron, respectively. The 11 and 15 micron data, which are unique to AKARI IRC, allow us to construct color-magnitude diagrams that are useful to identify stars with circumstellar dust. We found a new sequence in the color-magnitude diagram, which is attributed to red giants with luminosity fainter than that of the tip of the first red giant branch. We suggest that this sequence is likely to be related to the broad emission feature of aluminium oxide at 11.5 micron. The 11 and 15 micron data also indicate that the ([11] - [15]) micron color of both oxygen-rich and carbon-rich red giants once becomes blue and then turns red again in the course of their evolution, probably due to the change in the flux ratio of the silicate or silicon carbide emission feature at 10 or 11.3 micron to the 15 micron flux.
Carbon transport in the bottom boundary layer. Final report
Agrawal, Y.C.
1998-10-05T23:59:59.000Z
This report summarizes the activities and findings from a field experiment devised to estimate the rates and mechanisms of transport of carbon across the continental shelves. The specific site chosen for the experiment was the mid-Atlantic Bight, a region off the North Carolina coast. The experiment involved a large contingent of scientists from many institutions. The specific component of the program was the transport of carbon in the bottom boundary layer. The postulate mechanisms of transport of carbon in the bottom boundary layer are: resuspension and advection, downward deposition, and accumulation. The high turbulence levels in the bottom boundary layer require the understanding of the coupling between turbulence and bottom sediments. The specific issues addressed in the work reported here were: (a) What is the sediment response to forcing by currents and waves? (b) What is the turbulence climate in the bottom boundary layer at this site? and (c) What is the rate at which settling leads to carbon sequestering in bottom sediments at offshore sites?
Five-dimensional vector-coupled supergravity on a manifold with boundary
McReynolds, Sean
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the bosonic and fermionic symmetries of five-dimensional Maxwell- and Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravity theories on a spacetime with boundaries (isomorphic to M x S1/Z2). Due to the appearance of the "Chern-Simons" term, the classical action is not generally invariant under gauge and supersymmetries. Once bulk vector fields are allowed to propagate on the boundaries, there is an "inflow" governed by the rank-3 symmetric tensor that defines the five-dimensional theories. We discuss the requirements that invariance of the action imposes on new matter content and boundary conditions.
Five-dimensional vector-coupled supergravity on a manifold with boundary
Sean McReynolds
2007-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the bosonic and fermionic symmetries of five-dimensional Maxwell- and Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravity theories on a spacetime with boundaries (isomorphic to M x S1/Z2). Due to the appearance of the "Chern-Simons" term, the classical action is not generally invariant under gauge and supersymmetries. Once bulk vector fields are allowed to propagate on the boundaries, there is an "inflow" governed by the rank-3 symmetric tensor that defines the five-dimensional theories. We discuss the requirements that invariance of the action imposes on new matter content and boundary conditions.
Lavaei, Javad
Power Systems Analysis Final Project Report UNI: tdp2114 1 Abstract--This document outlines of large scale power systems. The maintenance of such power systems is no small affair. Every moment systems maintenance in the most optimized and efficient manner. Keywords--Power Systems, Power Generation
Turc, Catalin
EXAMPLE CURRICULUM OUTLINE FOR B.A. MAJOR IN ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY For matriculants entering in odd) SOPHMORE (Even Years) EEPS 110, Physical Geology (3)b EEPS 119, Geology Laboratory (1) PHYS 115 Geology (3) c EEPS 391, Senior Project (2) STAT 201, Basic Statistics for Social and Life Sciences (3
Turc, Catalin
EXAMPLE CURRICULUM OUTLINE FOR B.A. MAJOR IN ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY For matriculants entering Activities (0) SOPHMORE (odd years) EEPS 110, Physical Geology (3)b EEPS 119, Geology Laboratory (1) PHYS 115 of Biology (3) STAT 201, Basic Statistics for Social and Life Sciences (3) EEPS 220, Environmental Geology (3
Kirschner, Denise
Seat Belt Use Policy Objective Outline the policy regarding use of seat belt in University belt when operating a U-M vehicle. 2. Operators are also required to ensure that all occupants are adhering to the seat belt use laws when operating a U-M vehicle. 3. State of Michigan seat belt laws
Nagurney, Anna
.S., electric power generation accounts for significant portions of fuel demands 30% of the natural gas demand An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel Market Network Framework: Theoretical Modeling with Empirical College of Business and Economics California State University, East Bay February 7, 2008 #12;Outline
INFORMED CONSENT TEMPLATE The following is an outline of required content for informed consent: Participation in this __ survey, interview, project, etc. ____ is voluntary. You can choose to discontinue.edu. This survey has been approved (IRB #**-**-***) by the Institutional Review Board at Siena College which
MAGNETIC FIELD CONFINEMENT IN THE SOLAR CORONA. I. FORCE-FREE MAGNETIC FIELDS B. Fornberg,2
Fornberg, Bengt
MAGNETIC FIELD CONFINEMENT IN THE SOLAR CORONA. I. FORCE-FREE MAGNETIC FIELDS N. Flyer,1 B, plasma density and magnetic field. We present a hydromag- netic study of the self-confinement of magnetic Axisymmetric force-free magnetic fields external to a unit sphere are studied as solutions to boundary value
Performance Boundaries in Nb3Sn Superconductors
Godeke, Arno
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Boundaries in Nb 3 Sn Superconductors – Berkeley, CABoundaries in Nb 3 Sn Superconductors – Berkeley, CABoundaries in Nb 3 Sn Superconductors Arno Godeke Berkeley,
RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations. Part...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations. Part I: Case study development and ensemble large-scale forcings Citation Details In-Document Search This content will...
4.3 Boundary integral equations
2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
62. CHAPTER 4. OBSTACLE SCATTERING. 4.3 Boundary integral equations. We introduce the equivalent sources for the Helmholtz equation and establish ...
The Influence of Grain Boundary Type upon Damage Evolution at Grain Boundary Interfaces
Perez-Bergquist, Alejandro G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brandl, Christian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Escobedo, Juan P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Trujillo, Carl P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cerreta, Ellen K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gray III, George T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Germann, Timothy C [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
In a prior work, it was found that grain boundary structure strongly influences damage evolution at grain boundaries in copper samples subjected to either shock compression or incipient spall. Here, several grain boundaries with different grain boundary structures, including a {Sigma}3 (10-1) boundary, are interrogated via conventional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) to investigate the effects of atomic-scale structural differences on grain boundary strength and mobility. Boundaries are studied both before and after shock compression at a peak shock stress of 10 GPa. Results of the TEM and HRTEM work are used in conjunction with MD modeling to propose a model for shock-induced damage evolution at grain boundary interfaces that is dependent upon coincidence.
2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers
Toronto, University of
2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers & Detailed Definitions #12;2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation January 2003 #12;PREFACE This report presents the 2001 traffic zone numbers by local municipalities in the 2001 TTS survey area. The second part presents detailed
Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions
Jerrold Franklin
2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z
Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions have been considered in Math Physics and Electromagnetism textbooks, but special constraints and other properties required for Neumann boundary conditions have generally not been noticed or treated correctly. In this paper, we derive an appropriate Neumann Green's function with these constraints and properties incorporated.
MAE Seminar Series Boundary Closures for
Krovi, Venkat
) boundary layer stability and transition. 206 Furnas Hall Thursday, April 8th, 2010 11:00 am 12:00 pmMAE Seminar Series Boundary Closures for ESWENO Schemes Mark H. Carpenter, Ph.D. Computational AeroSciences Branch NASA Langley Research Center Abstract Energy Stable Weighted Essentially Non--Oscillatory (ESWENO
Environmental boundaries to energy development
Trivelpiece, A.W.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Public concern about the environment, health and safety consequences of energy technology has been growing steadily for more than two decades in the United States. This concern forms an important boundary condition as the United States seeks to develop a new National Energy Strategy. Furthermore, the international aspects of the energy/environment interface such as acid rain global climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion are very prominent in US thinking. In fact, the energy systems of the world are becoming more closely coupled environmentally and otherwise. Now where is this coupling more important than that between the industrialized and developing world; the choices made by each will have profound effects on the other. The development of energy technologies compatible with both economic growth and improving and sustaining environmental quality represents a major R D challenge to the US and USSR. Decision about adoption of new technology and R D priorities can be improved by better measurements of how energy sources and uses are changing throughout the world and better methods to project the potential consequences of these decisions. Such projection require understanding relative risks of alternating existing and evolving technologies. All of these R D areas, technology improvement energy system monitoring and projection and comparative risk assessment are the topics of this seminar. Progress in each may be enhanced by collaboration and cooperation between our two countries. 7 refs., 27 figs., 5 tabs.
Role of the basin boundary conditions in gravity wave turbulence
Luc Deike; Benjamin Miquel; Pablo Gutiérrez-Matus; Timothée Jamin; Benoit Semin; Sébastien Aumaitre; Michael Berhanu; Eric Falcon; Félicien BONNEFOY
2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
Gravity wave turbulence is studied experimentally in a large wave basin where irregular waves are generated unidirectionally. The role of the basin boundary conditions (absorbing or reflecting) and of the forcing properties are investigated. To that purpose, an absorbing sloping beach opposite to the wavemaker can be replaced by a reflecting vertical wall. We observe that the wave field properties depend strongly on these boundary conditions. Quasi-one dimensional field of nonlinear waves propagate before to be damped by the beach whereas a more multidirectional wave field is observed with the wall. In both cases, the wave spectrum scales as a frequency-power law with an exponent that increases continuously with the forcing amplitude up to a value close to -4, which is the value predicted by the weak turbulence theory. The physical mechanisms involved are probably different according to the boundary condition used, but cannot be easily discriminated with only temporal measurements. We have also studied freely decaying gravity wave turbulence in the closed basin. No self-similar decay of the spectrum is observed, whereas its Fourier modes decay first as a time power law due to nonlinear mechanisms, and then exponentially due to linear viscous damping. We estimate the linear, nonlinear and dissipative time scales to test the time scale separation that highlights the important role of a large scale Fourier mode. By estimation of the mean energy flux from the initial decay of wave energy, the Kolmogorov-Zakharov constant is evaluated and found to be compatible with a recent theoretical value.
Role of the basin boundary conditions in gravity wave turbulence
Luc Deike; Benjamin Miquel; Pablo Gutiérrez-Matus; Timothée Jamin; Benoit Semin; Michael Berhanu; Eric Falcon; Félicien Bonnefoy
2015-09-02T23:59:59.000Z
Gravity wave turbulence is studied experimentally in a large wave basin where irregular waves are generated unidirectionally. The role of the basin boundary conditions (absorbing or reflecting) and of the forcing properties are investigated. To that purpose, an absorbing sloping beach opposite to the wavemaker can be replaced by a reflecting vertical wall. We observe that the wave field properties depend strongly on these boundary conditions. Quasi-one dimensional field of nonlinear waves propagate before to be damped by the beach whereas a more multidirectional wave field is observed with the wall. In both cases, the wave spectrum scales as a frequency-power law with an exponent that increases continuously with the forcing amplitude up to a value close to -4, which is the value predicted by the weak turbulence theory. The physical mechanisms involved are probably different according to the boundary condition used, but cannot be easily discriminated with only temporal measurements. We have also studied freely decaying gravity wave turbulence in the closed basin. No self-similar decay of the spectrum is observed, whereas its Fourier modes decay first as a time power law due to nonlinear mechanisms, and then exponentially due to linear viscous damping. We estimate the linear, nonlinear and dissipative time scales to test the time scale separation that highlights the important role of a large scale Fourier mode. By estimation of the mean energy flux from the initial decay of wave energy, the Kolmogorov-Zakharov constant is evaluated and found to be compatible with a recent theoretical value.
The gradient flow running coupling with twisted boundary conditions
A. Ramos
2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
We study the gradient flow for Yang-Mills theories with twisted boundary conditions. The perturbative behavior of the energy density $\\langle E(t)\\rangle$ is used to define a running coupling at a scale given by the linear size of the finite volume box. We compute the non-perturbative running of the pure gauge $SU(2)$ coupling constant and conclude that the technique is well suited for further applications due to the relatively mild cutoff effects of the step scaling function and the high numerical precision that can be achieved in lattice simulations. We also comment on the inclusion of matter fields.
Conformally covariant boundary correlation functions with a quantum group
Kalle Kytölä; Eveliina Peltola
2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
Particular boundary correlation functions of conformal field theory are needed to answer some questions related to random conformally invariant curves known as Schramm-Loewner evolutions (SLE). In this article, we introduce a correspondence and establish its fundamental properties, which are used in companion articles for explicitly solving two such problems. The correspondence associates Coulomb gas type integrals to vectors in a tensor product representation of a quantum group, a q-deformation of the Lie algebra sl2. We show that desired properties of the functions are guaranteed by natural representation theoretical properties of the vectors.
Boundary definition of a multiverse measure
Raphael Bousso; Ben Freivogel; Stefan Leichenauer; Vladimir Rosenhaus
2010-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
We propose to regulate the infinities of eternal inflation by relating a late time cut-off in the bulk to a short distance cut-off on the future boundary. The light-cone time of an event is defined in terms of the volume of its future light-cone on the boundary. We seek an intrinsic definition of boundary volumes that makes no reference to bulk structures. This requires taming the fractal geometry of the future boundary, and lifting the ambiguity of the conformal factor. We propose to work in the conformal frame in which the boundary Ricci scalar is constant. We explore this proposal in the FRW approximation for bubble universes. Remarkably, we find that the future boundary becomes a round three-sphere, with smooth metric on all scales. Our cut-off yields the same relative probabilities as a previous proposal that defined boundary volumes by projection into the bulk along timelike geodesics. Moreover, it is equivalent to an ensemble of causal patches defined without reference to bulk geodesics. It thus yields a holographically motivated and phenomenologically successful measure for eternal inflation.
Modified Ostrogradski formulation of field theory
M. Leclerc
2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
We present a method for the Hamiltonian formulation of field theories that are based on Lagrangians containing second derivatives. The new feature of our formalism is that all four partial derivatives of the field variables are initially considered as independent fields, in contrast to the conventional Ostrogradski method, where only the velocity is turned into an independent field variable. The consistency of the formalism is demonstrated by simple unconstrained and constrained second order scalar field theories. Its application to General Relativity is briefly outlined.
New Boundaries for the B-Model
Bergman, Aaron
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Witten couples the open topological B-model to a holomorphic vector bundle by adding to the boundary of the worldsheet a Wilson loop for an integrable connection on the bundle. Using the descent procedure for boundary vertex operators in this context, I generalize this construction to write a worldsheet coupling for a graded vector bundle with an integrable superconnection. I then compute the open string vertex operators between two such boundaries. A theorem of J. Block gives that this is equivalent to coupling the B-model to an arbitrary object in the derived category.
Deformation-Twin-Induced Grain Boundary Failure
Yongfeng Zhang; Paul C. MIllett; Michael Tonks; Bulent Biner
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This work presents a mechanism of deformation-twin-induced grain boundary failure, and demonstrates the mechanism using molecular dynamics simulations. Deformation twinning is observed as the dominant mechanism during tensile deformation of columnar nanocrystalline body-centered cubic Mo. As a twin approaches a grain boundary, local stress concentration develops due to the incompatible plastic deformations in the two neighboring grains. The magnitude of the stress concentration increases as the twin widens, leading to grain boundary cracking by nucleation and coalescence of microcracks/voids.
Boundary layer response to wind gusts
Morland, Bruce Thomas
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
knwsstissted chs response of a XARissr boundary layer on a flat plate due to wind Rusts induced in a vknd tunnel. The wind Rusts were produced by the air in3sctiea technique in a t feet by 3 fest ?ind tunns3. operatinS with a fras stresn velocity of 41 f. p.... s. Xt was found that the lsninar boundary layer did respond to Cha win4 gusts snd that th? responses tash tha fozn of pachats of puisne, each with th? sana frequency ss the win4 swats. It was founf that Cha responses in ths boundary layer were...
Atomistic Simulation of Slow Grain Boundary Motion
Deng Chuang; Schuh, Christopher A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Existing atomistic simulation techniques to study grain boundary motion are usually limited to either high velocities or temperatures and are difficult to compare to realistic experimental conditions. Here we introduce an adapted simulation method that can access boundary velocities in the experimental range and extract mobilities in the zero driving force limit at temperatures as low as {approx}0.2T{sub m} (T{sub m} is the melting point). The method reveals three mechanistic regimes of boundary mobility at zero net velocity depending on the system temperature.
Edery, Ariel [Physics Department, Bishop's University, 2600 College Street, Sherbrooke, Quebec, J1M 0C8 (Canada); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Kohn Hall, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Graham, Noah [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Kohn Hall, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States); MacDonald, Ilana [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3H4 (Canada); Physics Department, Bishop's University, 2600 College Street, Sherbrooke, Quebec, J1M 0C8 (Canada)
2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Under dimensional reduction, a system in D spacetime dimensions will not necessarily yield its D-1-dimensional analog version. Among other things, this result will depend on the boundary conditions and the dimension D of the system. We investigate this question for scalar and Abelian gauge fields under boundary conditions that obey the symmetries of the action. We apply our findings to the Casimir piston, an ideal system for detecting boundary effects. Our investigation is not limited to extra dimensions and we show that the original piston scenario proposed in 2004, a toy model involving a scalar field in 3D (2+1) dimensions, can be obtained via dimensional reduction from a more realistic 4D electromagnetic (EM) system. We show that for perfect conductor conditions, a D-dimensional EM field reduces to a D-1 scalar field and not its lower-dimensional version. For Dirichlet boundary conditions, no theory is recovered under dimensional reduction and the Casimir pressure goes to zero in any dimension. This ''zero Dirichlet'' result is useful for understanding the EM case. We then identify two special systems where the lower-dimensional version is recovered in any dimension: systems with perfect magnetic conductor (PMC) and Neumann boundary conditions. We show that these two boundary conditions can be obtained from a variational procedure in which the action vanishes outside the bounded region. The fields are free to vary on the surface and have zero modes, which survive after dimensional reduction.
Theory and Fluid Simulations of Boundary Plasma Fluctuations
Cohen, R H; LaBombard, B; LoDestro, L L; Rognlien, T D; Ryutov, D D; Terry, J L; Umansky, M V; Xu, X Q; Zweben, S
2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
Theoretical and computational investigations are presented of boundary plasma microturbulence that take into account important effects of the geometry of diverted tokamaks--in particular, the effect of x-point magnetic shear and the termination of field lines on divertor plates. We first generalize our previous 'heuristic boundary condition' which describes, in a lumped model, the closure of currents in the vicinity of the x-point region to encompass three current-closure mechanisms. We then use this boundary condition to derive the dispersion relation for low-beta flute-like modes in the divertor-leg region under the combined drives of curvature, sheath impedance, and divertor tilt effects. The results indicate the possibility of strongly growing instabilities, driven by sheath boundary conditions, and localized in either the private or common flux region of the divertor leg depending on the radial tilt of divertor plates. We re-visit the issue of x-point effects on blobs, examining the transition from blobs terminated by x-point shear to blobs that extend over both the main SOL and divertor legs. We find that, for a main-SOL blob, this transition occurs without a free-acceleration period as previously thought, with x-point termination conditions applying until the blob has expanded to reach the divertor plate. We also derive propagation speeds for divertor-leg blobs. Finally, we present fluid simulations of the C-Mod tokamak from the BOUT edge fluid turbulence code, which show main-SOL blob structures with similar spatial characteristics to those observed in the experiment, and also simulations which illustrate the possibility of fluctuations confined to divertor legs.
Hybrid immersed interface-immersed boundary methods for AC dielectrophoresis
Hossan, Mohammad Robiul [School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920 (United States); Department of Engineering and Physics, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, OK 73034-5209 (United States); Dillon, Robert [Department of Mathematics, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-3113 (United States); Dutta, Prashanta, E-mail: dutta@mail.wsu.edu [School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920 (United States)
2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dielectrophoresis, a nonlinear electrokinetic transport mechanism, has become popular in many engineering applications including manipulation, characterization and actuation of biomaterials, particles and biological cells. In this paper, we present a hybrid immersed interface–immersed boundary method to study AC dielectrophoresis where an algorithm is developed to solve the complex Poisson equation using a real variable formulation. An immersed interface method is employed to obtain the AC electric field in a fluid media with suspended particles and an immersed boundary method is used for the fluid equations and particle transport. The convergence of the proposed algorithm as well as validation of the hybrid scheme with experimental results is presented. In this paper, the Maxwell stress tensor is used to calculate the dielectrophoretic force acting on particles by considering the physical effect of particles in the computational domain. Thus, this study eliminates the approximations used in point dipole methods for calculating dielectrophoretic force. A comparative study between Maxwell stress tensor and point dipole methods for computing dielectrophoretic forces are presented. The hybrid method is used to investigate the physics of dielectrophoresis in microfluidic devices using an AC electric field. The numerical results show that with proper design and appropriate selection of applied potential and frequency, global electric field minima can be obtained to facilitate multiple particle trapping by exploiting the mechanism of negative dielectrophoresis. Our numerical results also show that electrically neutral particles form a chain parallel to the applied electric field irrespective of their initial orientation when an AC electric field is applied. This proposed hybrid numerical scheme will help to better understand dielectrophoresis and to design and optimize microfluidic devices.
Suppression of Grain Boundaries in Graphene Growth on Superstructured...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Suppression of Grain Boundaries in Graphene Growth on Superstructured Mn-Cu(111) Surface Prev Next Title: Suppression of Grain Boundaries in Graphene Growth on...
Nonuniqeness in a free boundary problem from combustion
2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
A free boundary problem from combustion. One-phase parabolic free boundary problem with fixed gradient condition. Given u ? C (n), u ?. A. Petrosyan.
Singular perturbation problem in boundary/fractional combustion
2015-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
reaction-diffusion equation, where the reaction term is of combustion type. ... Free boundary problem, combustion theory, boundary reaction- diffusion, fractional ...
Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries. Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries. Abstract: Structure and electronic properties of...
Boundary and Exterior of a Multiset Topology
J. Mahanta; D. Das
2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
The concepts of exterior and boundary in multiset topological space are introduced. We further established few relationships between the concepts of boundary, closure, exterior and interior of an M- set. These concepts have been pigeonholed by other existing notions viz., open sets, closed sets, clopen sets and limit points. The necessary and sufficient condition for a multiset to have an empty exterior is also discussed.
A boundary integral formalism for stochastic ray tracing in billiards
David J. Chappell; Gregor Tanner
2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
Determining the flow of rays or particles driven by a force or velocity field is fundamental to modelling many physical processes, including weather forecasting and the simulation of molecular dynamics. High frequency wave energy distributions can also be approximated using flow or transport equations. Applications arise in underwater and room acoustics, vibro-acoustics, seismology, electromagnetics, quantum mechanics and in producing computer generated imagery. In many practical applications, the driving field is not known exactly and the dynamics are determined only up to a degree of uncertainty. This paper presents a boundary integral framework for propagating flows including uncertainties, which is shown to systematically interpolate between a deterministic and a completely random description of the trajectory propagation. A simple but efficient discretisation approach is applied to model uncertain billiard dynamics in an integrable rectangular domain.
Boundary energy of the open XXX chain with a non-diagonal boundary term
Nepomechie, Rafael I
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the ground state of the open spin-1/2 isotropic quantum spin chain with a non-diagonal boundary term using a recently proposed Bethe ansatz solution. As the coefficient of the non-diagonal boundary term tends to zero, the Bethe roots split evenly into two sets: those that remain finite, and those that become infinite. We argue that the former satisfy conventional Bethe equations, while the latter satisfy a generalization of the Richardson-Gaudin equations. We derive an expression for the leading correction to the boundary energy in terms of the boundary parameters.
Boundary energy of the open XXX chain with a non-diagonal boundary term
Rafael I. Nepomechie; Chunguang Wang
2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the ground state of the open spin-1/2 isotropic quantum spin chain with a non-diagonal boundary term using a recently proposed Bethe ansatz solution. As the coefficient of the non-diagonal boundary term tends to zero, the Bethe roots split evenly into two sets: those that remain finite, and those that become infinite. We argue that the former satisfy conventional Bethe equations, while the latter satisfy a generalization of the Richardson-Gaudin equations. We derive an expression for the leading correction to the boundary energy in terms of the boundary parameters.
Study of LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARIES (LOB) Genetic Pathways in Boundary Maintenance of Arabidopsis
Yu, Lifeng
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Boundary formation and maintenance in tissue development.2002). Shoot meristem maintenance is controlled by a GRAS-et al. , 2005). The maintenance of the polarity of GA
Numerical solution of eddy current problems in bounded domains using realistic boundary
RodrÃguez, Rodolfo
Numerical solution of eddy current problems in bounded domains using realistic boundary conditions-called eddy currents. The problem is formulated in terms of the magnetic field. This formulation in a metallurgical arc furnace. Key words: low-frequency harmonic Maxwell equations, eddy current problems, finite
Off-diagonal Bethe ansatz solution of the XXX spin-chain with arbitrary boundary conditions
Cao, Junpeng; Shi, Kangjie; Wang, Yupeng
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
With the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz method proposed recently by the present authors, we exactly diagonalize the $XXX$ spin chain with arbitrary boundary fields. By constructing a functional relation between the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix and the quantum determinant, the associated $T-Q$ relation and the Bethe ansatz equations are derived.
Off-diagonal Bethe ansatz solution of the XXX spin-chain with arbitrary boundary conditions
Junpeng Cao; Wenli Yang; Kangjie Shi; Yupeng Wang
2013-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
With the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz method proposed recently by the present authors, we exactly diagonalize the $XXX$ spin chain with arbitrary boundary fields. By constructing a functional relation between the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix and the quantum determinant, the associated $T-Q$ relation and the Bethe ansatz equations are derived.
Boundary Behavior of the GinzburgLandau Order Parameter in the Surface Superconductivity Regime
Recanati, Catherine
Boundary Behavior of the GinzburgLandau Order Parameter in the Surface Superconductivity Regime MLandau theory for a typeII superconductor in an applied magnetic field varying between the second and third of this energy expansion, which allows us to prove the desired uniformity of the surface superconductivity layer
Behavior of Turbulent Structures within a Mach 5 Mechanically Distorted Boundary Layer
Peltier, Scott Jacob
2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
High-resolution particle image velocimetry (PIV) is employed to resolve the velocity fields within a Mach 4.9 mechanically distorted turbulent boundary layer (Re? ? 40,000). The goal of this study is to directly observe the mechanisms responsible...
HOW TO DISPATCH OBSERVERS TO TRACK AN EVOLVING BOUNDARY Tingting Jiang and Carlo Tomasi
Tomasi, Carlo
it necessary to dispatch a limited number of observers (ships, vehicles, or air- planes with cameras; field boundary of a large phenomenon such as an oil spill, a fire, a hurricane, air or water pollution, or EL Ni. Water currents, temperatures, or pollution levels are recorded over vast areas by vessels or movable
Confined quantum fields under the influence of a uniform magnetic field
E. Elizalde; F. C. Santos; A. C. Tort
2002-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the influence of a uniform magnetic field on the zero-point energy of charged fields of two types, namely, a massive charged scalar field under Dirichlet boundary conditions and a massive fermion field under MIT boundary conditions. For the first, exact results are obtained, in terms of exponentially convergent functions, and for the second, the limits for small and for large mass are analytically obtained too. Coincidence with previously known, partial result serves as a check of the procedure. For the general case in the second situation --a rather involved one-- a precise numerical analysis is performed.
Multiscale simulation of xenon diffusion and grain boundary segregation in UO?
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Andersson, David A.; Tonks, Michael R.; Casillas, Luis; Vyas, Shyam; Nerikar, Pankaj; Uberuaga, Blas P.; Stanek, Christopher R.
2015-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
In light water reactor fuel, gaseous fission products segregate to grain boundaries, resulting in the nucleation and growth of large intergranular fission gas bubbles. The segregation rate is controlled by diffusion of fission gas atoms through the grains and interaction with the boundaries. Based on the mechanisms established from earlier density functional theory (DFT) and empirical potential calculations, diffusion models for xenon (Xe), uranium (U) vacancies and U interstitials in UO? have been derived for both intrinsic (no irradiation) and irradiation conditions. Segregation of Xe to grain boundaries is described by combining the bulk diffusion model with a model formore »the interaction between Xe atoms and three different grain boundaries in UO? (?5 tilt, ?5 twist and a high angle random boundary), as derived from atomistic calculations. The present model does not attempt to capture nucleation or growth of fission gas bubbles at the grain boundaries. The point defect and Xe diffusion and segregation models are implemented in the MARMOT phase field code, which is used to calculate effective Xe and U diffusivities as well as to simulate Xe redistribution for a few simple microstructures.« less
Field_SWAT: A tool for mapping SWAT output to field boundaries Naresh Pai a
Division of Agriculture, 2301, S. University Avenue, Little Rock, AR 72204, USA c Texas A&M University
From operator algebras to superconformal field theory
Kawahigashi, Yasuyuki [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Komaba, Tokyo 153-8914 (Japan)
2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We survey operator algebraic approach to (super)conformal field theory. We discuss representation theory, classification results, full and boundary conformal field theories, relations to supervertex operator algebras and Moonshine, connections to subfactor theory of Jones, and certain aspects of noncommutative geometry of Connes.
Oscillatory flow across an irregular boundary Geno Pawlak
Pawlak, Geno
; KEYWORDS: eddies, tidal mixing, rough boundary, oscillatory flow, residual currents, wave boundary layers 1Oscillatory flow across an irregular boundary Geno Pawlak Department of Ocean and Resources. Introduction [2] Oscillatory flow past a rough boundary is a prevalent feature in a number of oceanographic
Numerical Simulation of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer
Slinn, Donald
boundary layer. Oscillatory boundary layers are examined using a high-resolution time-dependent threeNumerical Simulation of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer Over a Smooth Surface. Part 1: Three for turbulent boundary layers that occur over a smooth bottom. Results indicate that turbulence levels
Barmak, Katayun [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 and Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Darbal, Amith [Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Ganesh, Kameswaran J.; Ferreira, Paulo J. [Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Rickman, Jeffrey M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States); Sun, Tik; Yao, Bo; Warren, Andrew P.; Coffey, Kevin R., E-mail: kb2612@columbia.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States)
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The relative contributions of various defects to the measured resistivity in nanocrystalline Cu were investigated, including a quantitative account of twin-boundary scattering. It has been difficult to quantitatively assess the impact twin boundary scattering has on the classical size effect of electrical resistivity, due to limitations in characterizing twin boundaries in nanocrystalline Cu. In this study, crystal orientation maps of nanocrystalline Cu films were obtained via precession-assisted electron diffraction in the transmission electron microscope. These orientation images were used to characterize grain boundaries and to measure the average grain size of a microstructure, with and without considering twin boundaries. The results of these studies indicate that the contribution from grain-boundary scattering is the dominant factor (as compared to surface scattering) leading to enhanced resistivity. The resistivity data can be well-described by the combined Fuchs–Sondheimer surface scattering model and Mayadas–Shatzkes grain-boundary scattering model using Matthiessen's rule with a surface specularity coefficient of p?=?0.48 and a grain-boundary reflection coefficient of R?=?0.26.
E ective boundary conditions for laminar ows over periodic rough boundaries
Achdou, Yves
E#27;ective boundary conditions for laminar #29;ows over periodic rough boundaries Yves Achdou #3 are proposed for a laminar #29;ow over a rough wall with periodic roughness elements. These e#27;ective is such an approach ? In this paper, we wish to answer these questions for laminar #29;ows over periodic rough walls
Confining quantum particles with a purely magnetic field
Yves Colin De Verdière; Francoise Truc
2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider an open domain with a compact boundary in an Euclidean space and a Schroedinger operator with magnetic field on this domain. We give sufficient conditions on the rate of growth of the magnetic field near the boundary which guarantees essential self-adjointness of this operator. From the physical point of view, it means that the quantum particle is confined in the domain by the magnetic field. We construct examples on polytopes and domains with smooth boundaries; these examples of "magnetic bottles" are highly simplified models of what is done for nuclear fusion in tokamacs.
Wireless boundary monitor system and method
Haynes, H.D.; Ayers, C.W.
1997-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
A wireless boundary monitor system used to monitor the integrity of a boundary surrounding an area uses at least two housings having at least one transmitting means for emitting ultrasonic pressure waves to a medium. Each of the housings has a plurality of receiving means for sensing the pressure waves in the medium. The transmitting means and the receiving means of each housing are aimable and communicably linked. At least one of the housings is equipped with a local alarm means for emitting a first alarm indication whereby, when the pressure waves propagating from a transmitting means to a receiving means are sufficiently blocked by an object a local alarm means or a remote alarm means or a combination thereof emit respective alarm indications. The system may be reset either manually or automatically. This wireless boundary monitor system has useful applications in both indoor and outdoor environments. 4 figs.
Wireless boundary monitor system and method
Haynes, Howard D. (Knoxville, TN); Ayers, Curtis W. (Kingston, TN)
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A wireless boundary monitor system used to monitor the integrity of a boundary surrounding an area uses at least two housings having at least one transmitting means for emitting ultrasonic pressure waves to a medium. Each of the housings has a plurality of receiving means for sensing the pressure waves in the medium. The transmitting means and the receiving means of each housing are aimable and communicably linked. At least one of the housings is equipped with a local alarm means for emitting a first alarm indication whereby, when the pressure waves propagating from a transmitting means to a receiving means are sufficiently blocked by an object a local alarm means or a remote alarm means or a combination thereof emit respective alarm indications. The system may be reset either manually or automatically. This wireless boundary monitor system has useful applications in both indoor and outdoor environments.
Fermionic Casimir Effect on the Topological Insulator Boundary
Muniz, C R
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we study the Casimir effect on the conducting surface of a topological insulator characterized by both $Z_2$ topological index and time reversal symmetry, subject to the action of a static and spatially homogeneous magnetic field perpendicular to that surface, at zero temperature. To do this, we consider modifications in the Gauss' law that arise due to the nonzero gradient of the axion-like pseudoscalar factor coupled to the constant magnetic field, which occur in a term that must be added to the electromagnetic Lagrangian in order to account for the topological properties of the system. Such term allows to find an effective point-like charge that changes the quantum vacuum of a spinor field in 1+2 dimensions confined on the edge under analysis. Since that the Casimir energy found depends on a length defined on the boundary, we show that there is a tangential density of force or a shear stress associated to the surface, tending to shrink or stretch it depending on the magnetic field direction. ...
Fractal boundary basins in spherically symmetric {phi}{sup 4} theory
Honda, Ethan
2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Results are presented from numerical simulations of the flat-space nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation with an asymmetric double-well potential in spherical symmetry. Exit criteria are defined for the simulations that are used to help understand the boundaries of the basins of attraction for Gaussian 'bubble' initial data. The first exit criterion, based on the immediate collapse or expansion of bubble radius, is used to observe the departure of the scalar field from a static intermediate attractor solution. The boundary separating these two behaviors in parameter space is smooth and demonstrates a time-scaling law with an exponent that depends on the asymmetry of the potential. The second exit criterion differentiates between the creation of an expanding true-vacuum bubble and dispersion of the field leaving the false vacuum; the boundary separating these basins of attraction is shown to demonstrate fractal behavior. The basins are defined by the number of bounces that the field undergoes before inducing a phase transition. A third, hybrid exit criterion is used to determine the location of the boundary to arbitrary precision and to characterize the threshold behavior. The possible effects this behavior might have on cosmological phase transitions are briefly discussed.
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
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User
2015-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
25.1 Counting Units Fast: circumference, area, and surface area formulas. 29. 25.2 Measurement of Area and Volume volume formulas. 30. 26.1 Special Topics
Chapter 2 --Electromagnetic Equations --Plasma Equations --Energy Equations --Lorentz Force --Fluxtubes: An introduction to plasma physics and magnetohydrodynamics for advanced graduate students. Applications to Solar Physics are emphasized. Topics include: Plasma parameters; single particle problems; Basic MHD equations
Lecture outline Classification
Terzi, Evimaria
;Naïve Bayes Classifier: Example · X' = (HomeOwner = No, MaritalStatus = Married, Income=120K) · Need on training data · Test phase: For test record X', compute the class Y' that maximizes the posterior probability Pr(Y'|X') Wednesday, October 30, 13 #12;Bayes Classification: Example X'=(Home Owner=No, Marital
Lecture outline Classification
Terzi, Evimaria
Classification: Example X'=(Home Owner=No, Marital Status=Married, AnnualIncome=120K) Compute: Pr(Yes|X'), Pr discretize? #12;Naïve Bayes Classifier: Example · X' = (HomeOwner = No, MaritalStatus = Married, Income=120K: For test record X', compute the class Y' that maximizes the posterior probability Pr(Y'|X') #12;Bayes
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNE LArTPC SarahArea:Securitypeople | National Nuclear Security
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
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Contract Management Plan Outline
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
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Process Metallurgy Course Outline
New South Wales, University of
................................................................................................... 7 Course Objective To develop an understanding of principles of metallurgical processes, reactor-mixed reactors. Tracer additions. Chemical performance of a metallurgical reactor. Principles of metallurgical of metallurgical reactors, batch and continuous, plug flow and well-mixed ideal reactors. Tracer additions. 4 6
Process Metallurgy Course Outline
New South Wales, University of
-6 8 Reactor design 6 Midsession exam Week 6-7 8 Blast furnace ironmaking 7-8 Assignment 9 Reactions in the blast furnace 9 10 Development of the blast furnace ironmaking to decrease carbon footprint 9 11 Alternative ironmaking processes 10 12 Steelmaking: Bessemer and BOS processes, Electric arc furnace 10-11 13
Mixing at the external boundary of a submerged turbulent jet
A. Eidelman; T. Elperin; N. Kleeorin; G. Hazak; I. Rogachevskii; O. Sadot; I. Sapir-Katiraie
2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
We study experimentally and theoretically mixing at the external boundary of a submerged turbulent jet. In the experimental study we use Particle Image Velocimetry and an Image Processing Technique based on the analysis of the intensity of the Mie scattering to determine the spatial distribution of tracer particles. An air jet is seeded with the incense smoke particles which are characterized by large Schmidt number and small Stokes number. We determine the spatial distributions of the jet fluid characterized by a high concentration of the particles and of the ambient fluid characterized by a low concentration of the tracer particles. In the data analysis we use two approaches, whereby one approach is based on the measured phase function for the study of the mixed state of two fluids. The other approach is based on the analysis of the two-point second-order correlation function of the particle number density fluctuations generated by tangling of the gradient of the mean particle number density by the turbulent velocity field. This gradient is formed at the external boundary of a submerged turbulent jet. We demonstrate that PDF of the phase function of a jet fluid penetrating into an external flow and the two-point second-order correlation function of the particle number density do not have universal scaling and cannot be described by a power-law function. The theoretical predictions made in this study are in a qualitative agreement with the obtained experimental results.
Multiscale molecular dynamics using the matched interface and boundary method
Geng Weihua [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Wei, G.W., E-mail: wei@math.msu.ed [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)
2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
The Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) equation is an established multiscale model for electrostatic analysis of biomolecules and other dielectric systems. PB based molecular dynamics (MD) approach has a potential to tackle large biological systems. Obstacles that hinder the current development of PB based MD methods are concerns in accuracy, stability, efficiency and reliability. The presence of complex solvent-solute interface, geometric singularities and charge singularities leads to challenges in the numerical solution of the PB equation and electrostatic force evaluation in PB based MD methods. Recently, the matched interface and boundary (MIB) method has been utilized to develop the first second order accurate PB solver that is numerically stable in dealing with discontinuous dielectric coefficients, complex geometric singularities and singular source charges. The present work develops the PB based MD approach using the MIB method. New formulation of electrostatic forces is derived to allow the use of sharp molecular surfaces. Accurate reaction field forces are obtained by directly differentiating the electrostatic potential. Dielectric boundary forces are evaluated at the solvent-solute interface using an accurate Cartesian-grid surface integration method. The electrostatic forces located at reentrant surfaces are appropriately assigned to related atoms. Extensive numerical tests are carried out to validate the accuracy and stability of the present electrostatic force calculation. The new PB based MD method is implemented in conjunction with the AMBER package. MIB based MD simulations of biomolecules are demonstrated via a few example systems.
Optimized boundary driven flows for dynamos in a sphere
Khalzov, I. V.; Brown, B. P.; Cooper, C. M.; Weisberg, D. B.; Forest, C. B. [Center for Magnetic Self Organization in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)
2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We perform numerical optimization of the axisymmetric flows in a sphere to minimize the critical magnetic Reynolds number Rm{sub cr} required for dynamo onset. The optimization is done for the class of laminar incompressible flows of von Karman type satisfying the steady-state Navier-Stokes equation. Such flows are determined by equatorially antisymmetric profiles of driving azimuthal (toroidal) velocity specified at the spherical boundary. The model is relevant to the Madison plasma dynamo experiment, whose spherical boundary is capable of differential driving of plasma in the azimuthal direction. We show that the dynamo onset in this system depends strongly on details of the driving velocity profile and the fluid Reynolds number Re. It is found that the overall lowest Rm{sub cr} Almost-Equal-To 200 is achieved at Re Almost-Equal-To 240 for the flow, which is hydrodynamically marginally stable. We also show that the optimized flows can sustain dynamos only in the range Rm{sub cr}
Neumann Conditions on Fractal Boundaries Yves Achdou
Achdou, Yves
is part of a wider project aimed at simulating the diffusion of medical sprays in lungs. Since the exchanges between the lungs and the circulatory system take place only in the last generations a nonhomogeneous Neumann or Robin condition on the top boundary . Similarly, the lungs are mechanically coupled
Lateral boundary errors in regional numerical weather
?umer, Slobodan
Lateral boundary errors in regional numerical weather prediction models Author: Ana Car Advisor weather services for short- range forecasts. These models are covering smaller areas with higher reso Introduction Equations for numerical weather prediction (NWP) are mathematical represen- ation of physical
New Boundaries | Issue 16 | June 2013 Treatmentandsupport
Anderson, Jim
treatments for cancer, for both adults and children, and how we influence healthcare policy to improve|UniversityofSouthampton 5 #12;NewBoundaries|June2013|UniversityofSouthampton6 Cancer treatments researched challenging issues facing society today, from the global need for sustainable energy to innovative treatments
TRACKING DYNAMIC BOUNDARIES BY EVOLVING Tingting Jiang
Tingting Jiang
range of applications. An example in image processing is the analysis of image sequences taken might track the boundary of a forest fire. Other applications include tracking spills of oil or poisonous gas, or clouds and weather patterns. In this dissertation, the author describes a new tracking
The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries
Kammen, Daniel M.
The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries H . S C O T T M A T T H E W S , C H R I and organizations are pursuing "carbon footprint" projects to estimate their own contributions to global climate change. Protocol definitions from carbon registries help organizations analyze their footprints
Planetary Boundary Layer from AERI and MPL
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Sawyer, Virginia
The distribution and transport of aerosol emitted to the lower troposphere is governed by the height of the planetary boundary layer (PBL), which limits the dilution of pollutants and influences boundary-layer convection. Because radiative heating and cooling of the surface strongly affect the PBL top height, it follows diurnal and seasonal cycles and may vary by hundreds of meters over a 24-hour period. The cap the PBL imposes on low-level aerosol transport makes aerosol concentration an effective proxy for PBL height: the top of the PBL is marked by a rapid transition from polluted, well-mixed boundary-layer air to the cleaner, more stratified free troposphere. Micropulse lidar (MPL) can provide much higher temporal resolution than radiosonde and better vertical resolution than infrared spectrometer (AERI), but PBL heights from all three instruments at the ARM SGP site are compared to one another for validation. If there is agreement among them, the higher-resolution remote sensing-derived PBL heights can accurately fill in the gaps left by the low frequency of radiosonde launches, and thus improve model parameterizations and our understanding of boundary-layer processes.
Planetary Boundary Layer from AERI and MPL
Sawyer, Virginia
2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
The distribution and transport of aerosol emitted to the lower troposphere is governed by the height of the planetary boundary layer (PBL), which limits the dilution of pollutants and influences boundary-layer convection. Because radiative heating and cooling of the surface strongly affect the PBL top height, it follows diurnal and seasonal cycles and may vary by hundreds of meters over a 24-hour period. The cap the PBL imposes on low-level aerosol transport makes aerosol concentration an effective proxy for PBL height: the top of the PBL is marked by a rapid transition from polluted, well-mixed boundary-layer air to the cleaner, more stratified free troposphere. Micropulse lidar (MPL) can provide much higher temporal resolution than radiosonde and better vertical resolution than infrared spectrometer (AERI), but PBL heights from all three instruments at the ARM SGP site are compared to one another for validation. If there is agreement among them, the higher-resolution remote sensing-derived PBL heights can accurately fill in the gaps left by the low frequency of radiosonde launches, and thus improve model parameterizations and our understanding of boundary-layer processes.
Zhang, Hao; Trias, F Xavier; Yu, Aibing; Tan, Yuanqiang; Oliva, Assensi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In our recent work [H. Zhang, F.X. Trias, A. Oliva, D. Yang, Y. Tan, Y. Sheng. PIBM: Particulate immersed boundary method for fluid-particle interaction problems. Powder Technology. 272(2015), 1-13.], a particulate immersed boundary method (PIBM) for simulating fluid-particle multiphase flow was proposed and assessed in both two- and three-dimensional applications. In this study, the PIBM was extended to solve thermal interaction problems between spherical particles and fluid. The Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) was adopted to solve the fluid flow and temperature fields, the PIBM was responsible for the non-slip velocity and temperature boundary conditions at the particle surface, and the kinematics and trajectory of the solid particles were evaluated by the Discrete Element Method (DEM). Four case studies were implemented to demonstrate the capability of the current coupling scheme. Firstly, numerical simulation of natural convection in a two-dimensional square cavity with an isothermal concentric annulus was...
Boundary Behavior of the Ginzburg-Landau Order Parameter in the Surface Superconductivity Regime
M. Correggi; N. Rougerie
2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
We study the 2D Ginzburg-Landau theory for a type-II superconductor in an applied magnetic field varying between the second and third critical value. In this regime the order parameter minimizing the GL energy is concentrated along the boundary of the sample and is well approximated to leading order by a simplified 1D profile in the direction perpendicular to the boundary. Motivated by a conjecture of Xing-Bin Pan, we address the question of whether this approximation can hold uniformly in the boundary region. We prove that this is indeed the case as a corollary of a refined, second order energy expansion including contributions due to the curvature of the sample. Local variations of the GL order parameter are controlled by the second order term of this energy expansion, which allows us to prove the desired uniformity of the surface superconductivity layer.
Rodriguez, Brian J [ORNL; Choudhury, S [Pennsylvania State University; Chu, Y. H. [University of California, Berkeley; Bhattacharyya, Abishek [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL; Seal, Katyayani [ORNL; Baddorf, Arthur P [ORNL; Ramesh, R. [University of California, Berkeley; Chen, Long-Qing [Pennsylvania State University; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The effect of microstructure on ferroelectric domain nucleation in epitaxial bismuth ferrite was probed at a single atomically-defined defect: an artificially fabricated model bicrystal grain boundary (GB). Switching Spectroscopy Piezoresponse Force Microscopy is used to map the variation of local hysteresis loops at the grain boundary and its immediate vicinity. We found the influence of the GB on nucleation to be relatively weak, resulting in a slight shift of the negative nucleation bias to higher (negative) voltages. The mesoscopic mechanisms of grain boundary effect on local polarization switching are studied in detail using phase field modeling, elucidating the complex mechanisms governed by the interplay between ferroelectric and ferroelastic wall energies, depolarization fields, and interface charge. The combination of phase field modeling and SS-PFM allows quantitative analysis of mesoscopic mechanisms for polarization switching, and hence suggests a route for optimizing materials properties through microstructure optimization.
Thermodynamics of Blue Phases In Electric Fields
O. Henrich; D. Marenduzzo; K. Stratford; M. E. Cates
2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
We present extensive numerical studies to determine the phase diagrams of cubic and hexagonal blue phases in an electric field. We confirm the earlier prediction that hexagonal phases, both 2 and 3 dimensional, are stabilized by a field, but we significantly refine the phase boundaries, which were previously estimated by means of a semi-analytical approximation. In particular, our simulations show that the blue phase I -- blue phase II transition at fixed chirality is largely unaffected by electric field, as observed experimentally.
Simulations of dislocation pile-ups at assymetric tilt boundaries in aluminum
Valone, Steven [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Jian M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hoagland, Richard C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Germann, Timothy C [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Materials deformation processes are increasingly approachable through the both conventional and accelerated molecular dynamics. In one deformation process, dislocation pile-up at a grain boundary, a greater understanding is required as to how dislocations transmit through grain boundaries, causing plastic deformation, or reflect and reconstruct the grain boundary, but with no macroscopic deformation. Here dislocation pile-ups in an alwninum bicrystal with an asymmetric tilt grain boundary are simulated atomistically, introducing effects of dislocation interactions beyond linear elastic ones. The observed responses as functions of the number of explicitly modeled dislocations and the magnitude of the applied stress are discussed. Typical conditions for the simulations consist of thermal relaxation room temperature, five active dislocations inserted within a 6.5-million-atom cell, and an additional fourteen dislocations represented within the atomistic simulation by their elastic strain fields. The dislocations are initially distributed according to linear elastic estimates of their positions in a double-ended pile-up from a chosen far-field stress. The whole cell is allowed to relax according to a procedure to be described. In the ensuing simulations, the system is propagated for some substantial period of time (lOs of ps), followed by small increments of strain. After a number of such increments, we observe all of the anticipated events. Usually several of the closest dislocations are absorbed into the grain boundary, resulting in varying amounts of reconstruction. Reflections from the boundary are common and show a strong dependence on sample thickness. Transmission events are seen on both slip systems in the other grain. The particulars of these events will be described as well.
Effective field theory estimates of the hadronic contribution to g -2
Röder, Beate
Effective field theory estimates of the hadronic contribution to g - 2 Fred Jegerlehner fjeger RMC WG Mainz, September 2012 #12;Outline of Talk: O Effective field theory: the Resonance Lagrangian and Outlook F. Jegerlehner RMC WG Mainz, September 2012 1 #12;Effective field theory: the Resonance Lagrangian
Boundary integral formulation for interfacial cracks in thermodiffusive bimaterials
L. Morini; A. Piccolroaz
2015-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
An original boundary integral formulation is proposed for the problem of a semi-infinite crack at the interface between two dissimilar elastic materials in the presence of heat flows and mass diffusion. Symmetric and skew-symmetric weight function matrices are used together with a generalized Betti's reciprocity theorem in order to derive a system of integral equations that relate the applied loading, the temperature and mass concentration fields, the heat and mass fluxes on the fracture surfaces and the resulting crack opening. The obtained integral identities can have many relevant applications, such as for the modelling of crack and damage processes at the interface between different components in electrochemical energy devices characterized by multi-layered structures (solid oxide fuel cells and lithium ions batteries).
Boundary and Interface CFTs from the Conformal Bootstrap
Gliozzi, F; Meineri, M; Rago, A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We explore some consequences of the crossing symmetry for defect conformal field theories, focusing on codimension one defects like flat boundaries or interfaces. We study surface transitions of the 3d Ising and other O(N) models through numerical solutions to the crossing equations with the method of determinants. In the extraordinary transition, where the low-lying spectrum of the surface operators is known, we use the bootstrap equations to obtain information on the bulk spectrum of the theory. In the ordinary transition the knowledge of the low-lying bulk spectrum allows to calculate the scale dimension of the relevant surface operator, which compares well with known results of two-loop calculations in 3d. Estimates of various OPE coefficients are also obtained. We also analyze in 4-epsilon dimensions the renormalization group interface between the O(N) model and the free theory and check numerically the results in 3d.
Boundary and Interface CFTs from the Conformal Bootstrap
F. Gliozzi; P. Liendo; M. Meineri; A. Rago
2015-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
We explore some consequences of the crossing symmetry for defect conformal field theories, focusing on codimension one defects like flat boundaries or interfaces. We study surface transitions of the 3d Ising and other O(N) models through numerical solutions to the crossing equations with the method of determinants. In the extraordinary transition, where the low-lying spectrum of the surface operators is known, we use the bootstrap equations to obtain information on the bulk spectrum of the theory. In the ordinary transition the knowledge of the low-lying bulk spectrum allows to calculate the scale dimension of the relevant surface operator, which compares well with known results of two-loop calculations in 3d. Estimates of various OPE coefficients are also obtained. We also analyze in 4-epsilon dimensions the renormalization group interface between the O(N) model and the free theory and check numerically the results in 3d.
ECE 390 Electric & Magnetic Fields Catalog Description: Static and quasi-static electric's and Laplace's equations. Boundary value problems, method of images · Steady electric currents, static magnetic, students will be able to... 1. Identify the characteristics of static electric and magnetic fields in free
Poloidal field system design for the ZT-H reversed field pinch experiment
Schoenberg, K.F.; Gribble, R.F.; Linton, T.W.; Reass, W.R.
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report discusses each of the following areas: (1) equilibrium specification, (2) the equilibrium winding, (3) the magnetizing winding, (4) numerical poloidal field system analysis, (5) coil cross section, turns, minimum field error, (6) coil stresses and cooling, (7) the upper structure, (8) the loads, (9) boundary conditions and method of analysis, and (10) design description. (MOW)
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Uberuaga, Blas Pedro; Vernon, Louis J.; Martinez, Enrique; Voter, Arthur F.
2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
Nanocrystalline materials have received great attention due to their potential for improved functionality and have been proposed for extreme environments where the interfaces are expected to promote radiation tolerance. However, the precise role of the interfaces in modifying defect behavior is unclear. Using long-time simulations methods, we determine the mobility of defects and defect clusters at grain boundaries in Cu. We find that mobilities vary significantly with boundary structure and cluster size, with larger clusters exhibiting reduced mobility, and that interface sink efficiency depends on the kinetics of defects within the interface via the in-boundary annihilation rate of defects. Thus,more »sink efficiency is a strong function of defect mobility, which depends on boundary structure, a property that evolves with time. Further, defect mobility at boundaries can be slower than in the bulk, which has general implications for the properties of polycrystalline materials. Finally, we correlate defect energetics with the volumes of atomic sites at the boundary.« less
Crystallographically consistent percolation theory for grain boundary networks
Frary, Megan
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Grain boundaries are known to play a role in many important material properties including creep resistance, ductility and cracking resistance. Although the structure and properties of individual boundaries are important, ...
Technology adaptation and boundary management in bona fide virtual groups.
Zhang, Huiyan
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this research project composed of multiple case studies, I focused on how bona fide virtual groups appropriated multiple media to facilitate group boundary construction and boundary management, which are preconditions ...
Thermodynamic stability and implications of anisotropic boundary particles
Siem, Ellen J. (Ellen Jane), 1979-
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
(cont.) Generally, a boundary is nonplanar in the neighborhood of an attached particle--even when anisotropic interfacial free energies do not produce faceting-and maintains a icKy = 0 while the boundary particles maintain ...
Open Boundary Conditions for Dissipative MHD
Meier, E T
2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
In modeling magnetic confinement, astrophysics, and plasma propulsion, representing the entire physical domain is often difficult or impossible, and artificial, or 'open' boundaries are appropriate. A novel open boundary condition (BC) for dissipative MHD, called Lacuna-based open BC (LOBC), is presented. LOBC, based on the idea of lacuna-based truncation originally presented by V.S. Ryaben'kii and S.V. Tsynkov, provide truncation with low numerical noise and minimal reflections. For hyperbolic systems, characteristic-based BC (CBC) exist for separating the solution into outgoing and incoming parts. In the hyperbolic-parabolic dissipative MHD system, such separation is not possible, and CBC are numerically unstable. LOBC are applied in dissipative MHD test problems including a translating FRC, and coaxial-electrode plasma acceleration. Solution quality is compared to solutions using CBC and zero-normal derivative BC. LOBC are a promising new open BC option for dissipative MHD.
Boundary Plasma Turbulence Simulations for Tokamaks
Xu, X; Umansky, M; Dudson, B; Snyder, P
2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The boundary plasma turbulence code BOUT models tokamak boundary-plasma turbulence in a realistic divertor geometry using modified Braginskii equations for plasma vorticity, density (ni), electron and ion temperature (T{sub e}; T{sub i}) and parallel momenta. The BOUT code solves for the plasma fluid equations in a three dimensional (3D) toroidal segment (or a toroidal wedge), including the region somewhat inside the separatrix and extending into the scrape-off layer; the private flux region is also included. In this paper, a description is given of the sophisticated physical models, innovative numerical algorithms, and modern software design used to simulate edge-plasmas in magnetic fusion energy devices. The BOUT code's unique capabilities and functionality are exemplified via simulations of the impact of plasma density on tokamak edge turbulence and blob dynamics.
Turbulent Fluxes in Stably Stratified Boundary Layers
L'vov, Victor S; Rudenko, Oleksii; 10.1088/0031-8949/2008/T132/014010
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present an extended version of an invited talk given on the International Conference "Turbulent Mixing and Beyond". The dynamical and statistical description of stably stratified turbulent boundary layers with the important example of the stable atmospheric boundary layer in mind is addressed. Traditional approaches to this problem, based on the profiles of mean quantities, velocity second-order correlations, and dimensional estimates of the turbulent thermal flux run into a well known difficulty, predicting the suppression of turbulence at a small critical value of the Richardson number, in contradiction with observations. Phenomenological attempts to overcome this problem suffer from various theoretical inconsistencies. Here we present an approach taking into full account all the second-order statistics, which allows us to respect the conservation of total mechanical energy. The analysis culminates in an analytic solution of the profiles of all mean quantities and all second-order correlations removing t...
Andersson, Anders D. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Tonks, Michael R. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Casillas, Luis [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Nerikar, Pankaj [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Vyas, Shyam [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Uberuaga, Blas P. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Stanek, Christopher R. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
In light water reactor fuel, gaseous fission products segregate to grain boundaries, resulting in the nucleation and growth of large intergranular fission gas bubbles. Based on the mechanisms established from density functional theory (DFT) and empirical potential calculations 1, continuum models for diffusion of xenon (Xe), uranium (U) vacancies and U interstitials in UO_{2} have been derived for both intrinsic conditions and under irradiation. Segregation of Xe to grain boundaries is described by combining the bulk diffusion model with a model for the interaction between Xe atoms and three different grain boundaries in UO_{2} ( ?5 tilt, ?5 twist and a high angle random boundary),as derived from atomistic calculations. All models are implemented in the MARMOT phase field code, which is used to calculate effective Xe and U diffusivities as well as redistribution for a few simple microstructures.
Defining window-boundaries for genomic analyses using smoothing...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
undesirable window boundary specifications, or highly correlated test statistics. We introduce a method for defining windows based on statistically guided...
Mesoscale coupled ocean-atmosphere feedbacks in boundary current systems
Putrasahan, Dian Ariyani
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
productive oceanic eastern boundary current, providing anCurrent System and the Kuroshio Extension uses OFES products for their oceanic
Atomic Scale Details of Defect-Boundary Interactions
Chen, Di
2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
addressed the key questions of (1) how defects are trapped by a grain boundary, (2) how defect are annihilated at a grain boundary, and (3) what are upper limits of radiation tolerance of boundary-engineered metals. The modeling is performed by using large...
Fusion for AdS/CFT boundary S-matrices
Rafael I. Nepomechie; Rodrigo A. Pimenta
2015-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a fusion formula for AdS/CFT worldsheet boundary S-matrices. We show that, starting from the fundamental Y=0 boundary S-matrix, this formula correctly reproduces the two-particle bound-state boundary S-matrices.
An algorithm for determining EF coils from fixed-boundary equilibria applied to ARIES III
Bathke, C. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Jardin, S.C.; Kessel, C.E. (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.)
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An algorithm that determines the external EF coils required to produce equilibria calculated by high-resolution, fixed-boundary codes is described. The algorithm permits the specification of the poloidal-field-null location. The EF-coil positions on a specified surface located just outside of the TF coils are optimized to minimize the stored magnetic energy. Results of the application of this algorithm to ARIES-3 are also presented. 7 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.
FIELD-BASED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: JUST IN TIME TECHNOLOGY TRAINING
Larkin, Teresa L.
FIELD-BASED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: JUST IN TIME TECHNOLOGY TRAINING Sarah Irvine Belson1 and Teresa, Audio Technology, and Physics, American University, 4400 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20016, tlarkin@american.edu Abstract -- This paper outlines the current status of technology integration
Instantons near a tachyonic top in anti de Sitter and the no-boundary regulator
Bum-Hoon Lee; Wonwoo Lee; Daeho Ro; Dong-han Yeom
2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate instantons near the tachyonic top in the anti de Sitter (AdS) background. If the mass around the hill-top is above the Breitenlohner-Freedman (BF) bound, then the top is classically stable. When the BF bound is satisfied, it is already known that there can exist instantons with a non-zero probability, though fine-tunings of the potential are required. On the other hand, we may consider the possibility to obtain instantons with a non-zero probability for more natural shape of potentials. We found that the no-boundary regulator is useful to assign a non-zero probability for general instantons near the tachyonic top within a consistent framework. To use the no-boundary regulator, we need to introduce the complexification of fields. One interesting feature is that, for these AdS instantons, the classicality may not be satisfied after the Wick rotation and hence after the nucleation. This magnifies a novel difference between dS and AdS; a semi-classical boundary observer in AdS may notice the dispersion of quantum fields as a kind of uncertainty, while every semi-classical observers in dS are classicalized individually and hence there is no semi-classical observer who can see the quantum dispersion of the scalar field.
Grain boundary characterization in an X750 alloy
Kevin Fisher; Sebastien Teysseyre; Emmanuelle Marquis
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Grain boundary chemistry in an X750 Ni alloy was analyzed by atom probe tomography in an effort to clarify the possible roles of elemental segregation and carbide presence on the stress corrosion cracking behavior of Ni alloys. Two types of cracks are observed: straight cracks along twin boundaries and wavy cracks at general boundaries. It was found that carbides (M23C6 and TiC) are present at both twin and general boundaries, with comparable B and P segregation for all types of grain boundaries. Twin boundaries intercept ?’ precipitates while the general boundaries wave around the ?’ and carbide precipitates. Near a crack tip, oxidation takes place on the periphery of carbide precipitate.
Microfluidics: The no-slip boundary condition
Eric Lauga; Michael P. Brenner; Howard A. Stone
2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
The no-slip boundary condition at a solid-liquid interface is at the center of our understanding of fluid mechanics. However, this condition is an assumption that cannot be derived from first principles and could, in theory, be violated. We present a review of recent experimental, numerical and theoretical investigations on the subject. The physical picture that emerges is that of a complex behavior at a liquid/solid interface, involving an interplay of many physico-chemical parameters, including wetting, shear rate, pressure, surface charge, surface roughness, impurities and dissolved gas.
Fitzpatrick, Richard
elongated tokamak plasmas R. Fitzpatrick Citation: Physics of Plasmas (1994-present) 15, 092502 (2008); doi boundary layer generated by kink modes in tokamaks Phys. Plasmas 18, 062503 (2011); 10.1063/1.3596536 Error-field induced electromagnetic torques in a large aspect-ratio, low- , weakly shaped tokamak plasma Phys
Testing the Boundary Conditions of General Relativity Near the Earth-Sun Saddle Point
Tom Martin
1999-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
We suggest that a satellite with a stable atomic clock on board be sent through the Earth-Sun gravitational saddle point to experimentally determine whether Nature prefers static solutions of the field equations of General Relativity, such as the standard Schwarzschild solution, or whether Nature prefers equivalent non-static solutions. This is a test of the boundary conditions of General Relativity rather than of the field equations. The fractional difference in clock rates between the two possibilities is a part in a hundred million. This is a large and easily measurable effect.
Finley Jr., Russell L.
Satisfactory Academic Progress standards as outlined by the WSU School of Medicine Promotions CommitteeSatisfactory Academic Progress Appeal and Personal Statement Medical students who do not fulfill Academic Progress Standards but have been reviewed and approved by the Promotions Committee to continue
Walker, Lawrence R.
ADVERTISING POLICY The following policy outlines the usage and advertising procedures Services (SUES) General Reservation Policy. Additional policies may apply per the specifics of the event/advertisement. A. All advertising-related decisions will be managed by the SUES office. Advertising includes
Kovintavewat, Piya
[1] H. P. Hsu, Schaum's outline series: theory and problem of analog and digital communications and Tables. McGraw-Hill, 3rd edition, 2008. [10] M. H. Hayes, Statistical digital signal processing communications: fundamentals and applications. Prentice Hall, 2nd-edition, 2001. [13] J. G. Proakis, Digital
Mitchison, Tim
or at iccb_screen@hms.harvard.edu Solid Biological Waste Small sharps container (located on benchtop of here after proper treatment (see below). When box is 2/3 full, please notify staff. BSL2 waste binsDisposing of Waste in ICCBL/NSRB Screening Facility The rules outlined below are applicable
Energy Unit lecture outline & graphics Fritz Stahr Tues 1/21/03 - Transportation of Energy & Energy of Transportation an intricate link - history of settlement & industry largely due to transportation and energy supplies - initial towns on rivers or by sea where ships could service cargo as water
A Simple Parameterization Coupling the Convective Daytime Boundary Layer and Fair-Weather Cumuli
Berg, Larry K.; Stull, Roland B.
2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
A new parameterization for boundary-layer cumulus clouds, called the Cumulus Potential (CuP) scheme is introduced. This scheme uses Joint Probability Density Functions (JPDFs) of virtual potential temperature and water-vapor mixing ratio, as well as the mean vertical profiles of virtual potential temperature to predict the amount and size distribution of boundary-layer cloud cover. This model considers the diversity of air parcels over a heterogeneous surface, and recognizes that some parcels rise above their lifting condensation level to become cumulus, while other parcels might rise as non-cloud updrafts. This model has several unique features: (1) cloud cover is determined from the boundary-layer JPDF of virtual potential temperature vs. water-vapor mixing ratio , (2) clear and cloudy thermals are allowed to coexist at the same altitude, and (3) a range of cloud-base heights, cloud-top heights, and cloud thicknesses are predicted within any one cloud field, as observed. Using data from Boundary Layer Experiment 1996, and a model intercomparsion study using Large Eddy Simulation (LES) based on BOMEX, it is shown that the CuP model does a good job predicting cloud-base height and cloud-top height. The model also shows promise in predicting cloud cover, and is found to give better cloud-cover estimates than three other cumulus parameterizations: one based on relative humidity, a statistical scheme based on the saturation deficit, and a slab model.
Chaotic Dynamics of One-Dimensional Systems with Periodic Boundary Conditions
Pankaj Kumar; Bruce N. Miller
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide appropriate tools for the analysis of dynamics and chaos for one-dimensional systems with periodic boundary conditions. Our approach allows for the investigation of the dependence of the largest Lyapunov exponent on various initial conditions of the system. The method employs an effective approach for defining the phase-space distance appropriate for systems with periodic boundary and allows for an unambiguous test-orbit rescaling in the phase space required to calculate the Lyapunov exponents. We elucidate our technique by applying it to investigate the chaotic dynamics of a one-dimensional plasma with periodic boundary. Exact analytic expressions are derived for the electric field and potential using Ewald sums thereby making it possible to follow the time-evolution of the plasma in simulation without any special treatment of the boundary. By employing a set of event-driven algorithms, we calculate the largest Lyapunov exponent, the radial distribution function and the kinetic pressure by following the evolution of the system in phase space without resorting to numerical manipulation of the equations of motion. Simulation results are presented and analyzed for the one-dimensional plasma with a view to examining the dynamical and chaotic behavior exhibited by small and large versions of the system.
Zhijie Xu
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a new method of solution for the convective heat transfer under forced laminar flow that is confined by two parallel plates with a distance of 2a or by a circular tube with a radius of a. The advection-conduction equation is first mapped onto the boundary. The original problem of solving the unknown field T(x,r,t) is reduced to seek the solutions of T at the boundary (r = a or r = 0, r is the distance from the centerline shown in Fig. 1), i.e., the boundary functions T{sub a}(x,t) {triple_bond} T(x,r=a,t) and/or T{sub 0}(x,t) {triple_bond} T(x,r=0,t). In this manner, the original problem is significantly simplified by reducing the problem dimensionality from 3 to 2. The unknown field T(x,r,t) can be eventually solved in terms of these boundary functions. The method is applied to the convective heat transfer with uniform wall temperature boundary condition and with heat exchange between flowing fluids and its surroundings that is relevant to the geothermal applications. Analytical solutions are presented and validated for the steady-state problem using the proposed method.
Xu, Zhijie
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a method of solution for the convective heat transfer under forced laminar flow that is confined by two parallel plates with a distance of 2a or by a circular tube with a radius of a. The advection-conduction equation is first mapped onto the boundary. The original problem of solving the unknown field is reduced to seek the solutions of T at the boundary (r=a or r=0, r is the distance from the centerline shown in Fig. 1), i.e. the boundary functions and/or . In this manner, the original problem is significantly simplified by reducing the problem dimensionality from 3 to 2. The unknown field can be eventually solved in terms of these boundary functions. The method is applied to the convective heat transfer with uniform wall temperature boundary condition and with heat exchange between flowing fluids and its surroundings that is relevant to the geothermal applications. Analytical solutions are presented and validated for the steady state problem using the proposed method.
Peterson, J.; Hanson, J.; Hartwell, G.; Knowlton, S. [Department of Physics, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (United States)
2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the behavior of plasmas in magnetic confinement fusion devices typically requires accurate knowledge of the magnetic field structure. In stellarator-type confinement devices, the helical magnetic field is produced by currents in external coils and may be traced experimentally in the absence of plasma through the experimental technique of vacuum magnetic field mapping. Field mapping experiments, such as these, were performed on the recently constructed compact toroidal hybrid to verify the range of accessible magnetic configurations, compare the actual magnetic configuration with the design configuration, and identify any vacuum field errors that lead to perturbations of the vacuum magnetic flux surfaces. Furthermore, through the use of a new coil optimization routine, modifications are made to the simulation coil model such that better agreement exists between the experimental and simulation results. An outline of the optimization procedure is discussed in conjunction with the results of one such optimization process performed on the helical field coil.
Aster, R.; Flores, R. [New Mexico Inst. of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM (United States); Fehler, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The widely-used algorithm of Crouch and Starfield is unstable when used to solve our mixed boundary equation problem of interest. Altering the boundary conditions and correspondingly rearranging the system of equations to utilize double-sided boundary elements overcomes this drawback. The new algorithm described here is more physically realistic as in that it allows for rotation of the fault segments in the strain field resulting from satisfying the fault static shear strength condition. Preliminary test results indicate that a fault trifurcation gap model may describe the non-strike slip components to some of the seismicity.
First order gravity: Actions, topological terms and boundaries
Corichi, Alejandro; Vukasinac, Tatjana
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider first order gravity in four dimensions. This means that the fundamental variables are a tetrad $e$ and a SO(3,1) connection $\\omega$. We study the most general action principle compatible with diffeomorphism invariance. This implies, in particular, considering besides the standard Einstein-Hilbert term, other terms that either do not change the equations of motion, or are topological in nature. Having a well defined action principle also implies adding additional boundary terms, whose detailed form may depend on the particular boundary conditions at hand. We consider spacetimes that include a boundary at infinity, satisfying asymptotically flat boundary conditions and/or an internal boundary satisfying isolated horizons boundary conditions. For our analysis we employ the covariant Hamiltonian formalism where the phase space $\\Gamma$ is given by solutions to the equation of motion. For each of the possible terms contributing to the action we study the well posedness of the action, its finiteness, t...
Numerical magnetohydrodynamic simulations of expanding flux ropes: Influence of boundary driving
Tacke, Thomas; Dreher, Jürgen [Theoretische Physik I, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum (Germany)] [Theoretische Physik I, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum (Germany); Sydora, Richard D. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1 (Canada)
2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
The expansion dynamics of a magnetized, current-carrying plasma arch is studied by means of time-dependent ideal MHD simulations. Initial conditions model the setup used in recent laboratory experiments that in turn simulate coronal loops [J. Tenfelde et al., Phys. Plasmas 19, 072513 (2012); E. V. Stenson and P. M. Bellan, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 54, 124017 (2012)]. Boundary conditions of the electric field at the “lower” boundary, intersected by the arch, are chosen such that poloidal magnetic flux is injected into the domain, either localized at the arch footpoints themselves or halfway between them. These conditions are motivated by the tangential electric field expected to exist in the laboratory experiments due to the external circuit that drives the plasma current. The boundary driving is found to systematically enhance the expansion velocity of the plasma arch. While perturbations at the arch footpoints also deform its legs and create characteristic elongated segments, a perturbation between the footpoints tends to push the entire structure upwards, retaining an ellipsoidal shape.
Effective Hydrodynamic Boundary Conditions for Corrugated Surfaces
Mongruel, Anne; Asmolov, Evgeny S; Vinogradova, Olga I
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report measurements of the hydrodynamic drag force acting on a smooth sphere falling down under gravity to a plane decorated with microscopic periodic grooves. Both surfaces are lyophilic, so that a liquid (silicone oil) invades the surface texture being in the Wenzel state. A significant decrease in the hydrodynamic resistance force as compared with that predicted for two smooth surfaces is observed. To quantify the effect of roughness we use the effective no-slip boundary condition, which is applied at the imaginary smooth homogeneous isotropic surface located at an intermediate position between top and bottom of grooves. Such an effective condition fully characterizes the force reduction measured with the real surface, and the location of this effective plane is related to geometric parameters of the texture by a simple analytical formula.
4D STUDY OF STRAIN GRADIENTS EVOLUTION IN TWINNED NiMnGa SINGLE CRYSTALS UNDER MAGNETIC FIELD
Barabash, Rozaliya [ORNL; Xu, Ruqing [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Barabash, Oleg M [ORNL; Sozinov, Alexei [AdaptaMat, Finland
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Time-resolved 3D X-ray microscopy with a submicron beam size was used to follow the evolution of strains in off-stoichiometric NiMnGa twinned crystals near type I (hard) twin boundary under magnetic field. Laminate A/B microstructure was revealed near the twin boundaries in A variant. Large strain gradients are observed in the C variant in the immediate vicinity of the type I twin boundary: the lattice is under large tensile strains ~0.4% along the c- axes within first micron. Distinct a and b lattice parameter evolution with temperature and magnetic field is demonstrated. In an applied magnetic field the strain field was observed at larger distances from the twin boundary and becomes more complex. Stochastic twin boundary motion was observed after the magnetic field reaches a certain critical value.
Friction of Steel Sliding Under Boundary Lubrication Regime in...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
by reducing parasitic boundary regime friction losses and enable operation with lower viscosity oils while maintaining engine durability. deer08erck.pdf More Documents &...
OPTIMAL REGULARITY AND THE FREE BOUNDARY IN THE ...
2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
nomenon of osmosis and osmotic pressure in biochemistry), and the problems on the temperature control on the boundary in thermics. We refer to the book of.
Short wavelength topography on the inner-core boundary
Cao, A.; Masson, Y.; Romanowicz, B.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Short wavelength topography on the inner-core boundary Aimin94720 Constraining the topography of the inner-core boundaryindicates the presence of topography at the inner- core
RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations. 2. Large...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
become publicly available on June 19, 2016 Title: RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations. 2. Large-eddy simulations of cumulus clouds and evaluation with...
RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations. 3. Separation...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
become publicly available on June 19, 2016 Title: RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations. 3. Separation of parameterization biases in single-column model CAM5...
On deriving nonreflecting boundary conditions in generalized curvilinear coordinates
Adrian Sescu
2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, nonreflecting boundary conditions in generalized three-dimensional curvilinear coordinates are derived, relying on the original analysis that was done in Cartesian two-dimensional coordinates by Giles (AIAA Journal, 28.12, 2050-2058, 1990). A thorough Fourier analysis of the linearized Euler equation is performed to determine the eigenvalues and the eigenvectors that are then used to derive the appropriate inflow and outflow boundary conditions. The analysis lacks rigorous proof of the well-posedness in the general case, which is open to investigation (a weak assumption is introduced here to complete the boundary conditions). The boundary conditions derived here are not tested on specific applications.
A major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by...
and surrounding areas Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: A major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by...
Technoeconomic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
the biological and engineering characteristics of five algal and bacterial hydrogen production systems selected by DOE and NREL for evaluation. Technoeconomic Boundary Analysis of...
Maz'ya, Vladimir; Nieves, Michael
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a method of asymptotic approximations to solutions of mixed boundary value problems for the Laplacian in a three-dimensional domain with many perforations of arbitrary shape, with the Neumann boundary conditions being prescribed on the surfaces of small voids. The only assumption made on the geometry is that the diameter of a void is assumed to be smaller compared to the distance to the nearest neighbour. The asymptotic approximation, obtained here, involves a linear combination of dipole fields constructed for individual voids, with the coefficients, which are determined by solving a linear algebraic system. We prove the solvability of this system and derive an estimate for its solution. The energy estimate is obtained for the remainder term of the asymptotic approximation.
Jeon, Y M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A free-boundary Tokamak Equilibrium Solver (TES), developed for advanced study of tokamak equilibra, is described with two distinctive features. One is a generalized method to resolve the intrinsic axisymmetric instability, which is encountered after all in equilibrium calculation with a free-boundary condition. The other is an extension to deal with a new divertor geometry such as snowflake or X divertors. For validations, the uniqueness of a solution is confirmed by the independence on variations of computational domain, the mathematical correctness and accuracy of equilibrium profiles are checked by a direct comparison with an analytic equilibrium known as a generalized Solovev equilibrium, and the governing force balance relation is tested by examining the intrinsic axisymmetric instabilities. As a valuable application, a snowflake equilibrium that requires a second order zero of the poloidal magnetic field is discussed in the circumstance of KSTAR coil system.
Vladimir Maz'ya; Alexander Movchan; Michael Nieves
2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a method of asymptotic approximations to solutions of mixed boundary value problems for the Laplacian in a three-dimensional domain with many perforations of arbitrary shape, with the Neumann boundary conditions being prescribed on the surfaces of small voids. The only assumption made on the geometry is that the diameter of a void is assumed to be smaller compared to the distance to the nearest neighbour. The asymptotic approximation, obtained here, involves a linear combination of dipole fields constructed for individual voids, with the coefficients, which are determined by solving a linear algebraic system. We prove the solvability of this system and derive an estimate for its solution. The energy estimate is obtained for the remainder term of the asymptotic approximation.
Lundquist, Katherine Ann
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
large-eddy simulations within mesoscale simulations for windEddy Simulation of a Mesoscale Convective Internal Boundary185, 1957. Pielke, R. , Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling,
Oil and Gas Field Code Master List 1990
Not Available
1991-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
This is the ninth annual edition of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Oil and Gas Field Code Master List. It reflects data collected through October 1990 and provides standardized field name spellings and codes for all identified oil and/or gas fields in the United States. There are 54,963 field records in this year's Oil and Gas Field Code Master List (FCML). This amounts to 467 more than in last year's report. As it is maintained by EIA, the Master List includes: Field records for each state and county in which a field resides; field records for each offshore area block in the Gulf of Mexico in which a field resides;field records for each alias field name; fields crossing state boundaries that may be assigned different names by the respective state naming authorities.
Computing nonlinear force free coronal magnetic fields
T. Wiegelmann; T. Neukirch
2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Knowledge of the structure of the coronal magnetic field is important for our understanding of many solar activity phenomena, e.g. flares and CMEs. However, the direct measurement of coronal magnetic fields is not possible with present methods, and therefore the coronal field has to be extrapolated from photospheric measurements. Due to the low plasma beta the coronal magnetic field can usually be assumed to be approximately force free, with electric currents flowing along the magnetic field lines. There are both observational and theoretical reasons which suggest that at least prior to an eruption the coronal magnetic field is in a nonlinear force free state. Unfortunately the computation of nonlinear force free fields is way more difficult than potential or linear force free fields and analytic solutions are not generally available. We discuss several methods which have been proposed to compute nonlinear force free fields and focus particularly on an optimization method which has been suggested recently. We compare the numerical performance of a newly developed numerical code based on the optimization method with the performance of another code based on an MHD relaxation method if both codes are applied to the reconstruction of a semi-analytic nonlinear force-free solution. The optimization method has also been tested for cases where we add random noise to the perfect boundary conditions of the analytic solution, in this way mimicking the more realistic case where the boundary conditions are given by vector magnetogram data. We find that the convergence properties of the optimization method are affected by adding noise to the boundary data and we discuss possibilities to overcome this difficulty.
L. P. Teo
2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the finite temperature Casimir stress acting on the boundary of a D>=3 dimensional cavity due to the vacuum fluctuations of electromagnetic fields. Both perfectly conducting and infinitely permeable boundary conditions are considered, and it is proved that they correspond mathematically to the relative and absolute boundary conditions. The divergence terms of the Casimir free energy are related to the heat kernel coefficients of the Laplace operator. It is shown that the Casimir stress is free of divergence if and only if D is exactly three. The high temperature asymptotics of the regularized Casimir free energy are also found to depend on the heat kernel coefficients. When D>3, renormalization is required to remove terms of order higher than or equal to T^2.
Einstein manifolds with convex boundaries JeanMarc Schlenker \\Lambda
Schlenker, Jean-Marc
Einstein manifolds with convex boundaries JeanÂMarc Schlenker \\Lambda February 2, 1999 Abstract Let (M; @M) be a compact m+1Âmanifold with boundary with an Einstein metric g 0 , with ric g0 = \\Gammamg metric on @M . Then any metric close enough to h 0 is induced on @M by an Einstein metric g with ric g
Einstein manifolds with convex boundaries Jean-Marc Schlenker*
Schlenker, Jean-Marc
Einstein manifolds with convex boundaries Jean Let (M, @M) be a compact m+1-manifold with boundary with an Einstein me* *tric g0, with ricg0 be the induced metric on @M. Then any metric close e* *nough to h0 is induced on @M by an Einstein metric g
Boundary approximate controllability of some linear parabolic April 5, 2013
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Boundary approximate controllability of some linear parabolic systems April 5, 2013 Guillaume Olive controllability of two classes of linear parabolic systems, namely a system of n heat equations coupled through are the only ones concerning the boundary controllability of linear parabolic systems of heat-type. For more
Detecting Subject Boundaries Within Text: A Language Independent Statistical Approach
Edinburgh, University of
Detecting Subject Boundaries Within Text: A Language Independent Statistical Approach Korin describe here an algorithm for detect ing subject boundaries within text based on a statistical lexical assumptions is that a change in subject is accompanied by a change in vo cabulary. Using this assumption
Modal Analysis of Homogeneous Optical Waveguides by Boundary Integral Method
Modal Analysis of Homogeneous Optical Waveguides by Boundary Integral Method Lei Wang J. Allen Cox of the waveguide. Two dierent systems of boundary integral equations are derived for the numerical solutions of the discrete propagation constants; one of them is in the form of Fredholm integral equations of the second
Exchanges across Land-Water-Scape Boundaries in Urban Systems
Vermont, University of
and coastal waters. Control of nonpoint nitrate pollution in urban areas was originally based on ameliorating nitrate water pollution ex- tends the initial watershed-boundary approach along three dimensions, and institutional behavior Key words: urban; cities; watershed; boundaries; nitrate; water; pollution; land cover
ANNIVERSARY REVIEW Grain boundary energy anisotropy: a review
Rohrer, Gregory S.
energy (B) gained when the two surfaces are brought together and new bonds are formed. The grain boundary with the stiffness of the material. The excess energy of the grANNIVERSARY REVIEW Grain boundary energy anisotropy: a review Gregory S. Rohrer Received: 29 April
LARGE EDDY SIMULATION OF TURBULENT BOUNDARY LAYERS OVER ROUGH BEDS
Pawlak, Geno
that determines the response of the boundary layer is not clear. One method to characterize the irregular nature with different spectral slopes using 2D 10 % loading square waves as basis functions. These square waves can) is then used to simulate the turbulent boundary layer over the rough beds. The LES solver is first validated
Multi-field inflation from holography
Garriga, Jaume; Urakawa, Yuko [Departament de Física Fonamental i Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Skenderis, Kostas, E-mail: jaume.garriga@ub.edu, E-mail: K.Skenderis@soton.ac.uk, E-mail: urakawa.yuko@h.mbox.nagoya-u.ac.jp [STAG Research Centre and Mathematical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We initiate the study of multi-field inflation using holography. Bulk light scalar fields correspond to nearly marginal operators in the boundary theory and the dual quantum field theory is a deformation of a CFT by such operators. We compute the power spectra of adiabatic and entropy perturbations in a simple model and find that the adiabatic curvature perturbation is not conserved in the presence of entropy perturbations but becomes conserved when the entropy perturbations are set to zero or the model is effectively a single scalar model, in agreement with expectations from cosmological perturbation theory.
ENERGETIC PARTICLE ANISOTROPIES AT THE HELIOSPHERIC BOUNDARY
Florinski, V.; Le Roux, J. A. [Department of Space Sciences, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)] [Department of Space Sciences, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States); Jokipii, J. R. [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Alouani-Bibi, F. [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)] [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)
2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
In 2012 August the Voyager 1 space probe entered a distinctly new region of space characterized by a virtual absence of heliospheric energetic ions and magnetic fluctuations, now interpreted as a part of the local interstellar cloud. Prior to their disappearance, the ion distributions strongly peaked at a 90° pitch angle, implying rapid escape of streaming particles along the magnetic field lines. Here we investigate the process of particle crossing from the heliosheath into the interstellar space, using a kinetic approach that resolves scales of the particle's cyclotron radius and smaller. It is demonstrated that a 'pancake' pitch-angle distribution naturally arises at a tangential discontinuity separating a weakly turbulent plasma from a laminar region with a very low pitch-angle scattering rate. The relatively long persistence of gyrating ions is interpreted in terms of field line meandering facilitating their cross-field diffusion within the depletion region.
T. Thiemann
1993-10-29T23:59:59.000Z
There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the game when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.
T. Thiemann
1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the a priori freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the stage when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.
Impact significance determination-Pushing the boundaries
Lawrence, David P. [P.O. Station A, Box 3475, Langley, B.C., V3A 4R8 (Canada)], E-mail: lawenv@telus.net
2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Impact significance determination practice tends to be highly variable. Too often insufficient consideration is given to good practice insights. Also, impact significance determinations are frequently narrowly defined addressing, for example, only individual, negative impacts, focusing on bio-physical impacts, and not seeking to integrate either the Precautionary Principle or sustainability. This article seeks to extend the boundaries of impact significance determination practice by providing an overview of good general impact significance practices, together with stakeholder roles and potential methods for addressing significance determination challenges. Relevant thresholds, criteria, contextual considerations and support methods are also highlighted. The analysis is then extended to address how impact significance determination practices change for positive as compared with negative impacts, for cumulative as compared with individual impacts, for socio-economic as compared with bio-physical impacts, when the Precautionary Principle is integrated into the process, and when sustainability contributions drive the EIA process and related impact significance determinations. These refinements can assist EIA practitioners in ensuring that the scope and nature of impact significance determinations reflect the broadened scope of emerging EIA requirements and practices. Suggestions are included for further refining and testing of the proposed changes to impact significance determination practice.
SUPERSONIC SHEAR INSTABILITIES IN ASTROPHYSICAL BOUNDARY LAYERS
Belyaev, Mikhail A.; Rafikov, Roman R., E-mail: rrr@astro.princeton.edu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)
2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z
Disk accretion onto weakly magnetized astrophysical objects often proceeds via a boundary layer (BL) that forms near the object's surface, in which the rotation speed of the accreted gas changes rapidly. Here, we study the initial stages of formation for such a BL around a white dwarf or a young star by examining the hydrodynamical shear instabilities that may initiate mixing and momentum transport between the two fluids of different densities moving supersonically with respect to each other. We find that an initially laminar BL is unstable to two different kinds of instabilities. One is an instability of a supersonic vortex sheet (implying a discontinuous initial profile of the angular speed of the gas) in the presence of gravity, which we find to have a growth rate of order (but less than) the orbital frequency. The other is a sonic instability of a finite width, supersonic shear layer, which is similar to the Papaloizou-Pringle instability. It has a growth rate proportional to the shear inside the transition layer, which is of order the orbital frequency times the ratio of stellar radius to the BL thickness. For a BL that is thin compared to the radius of the star, the shear rate is much larger than the orbital frequency. Thus, we conclude that sonic instabilities play a dominant role in the initial stages of nonmagnetic BL formation and give rise to very fast mixing between disk gas and stellar fluid in the supersonic regime.
Bramble, J.H.; Pasciak, J.E.
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The linearized scalar potential formulation of the magnetostatic field problem is considered. The approach involves a reformulation of the continuous problem as a parametric boundary problem. By the introduction of a spherical interface and the use of spherical harmonics, the infinite boundary condition can also be satisfied in the parametric framework. The reformulated problem is discretized by finite element techniques and a discrete parametric problem is solved by conjugate gradient iteration. This approach decouples the problem in that only standard Neumann type elliptic finite element systems on separate bounded domains need be solved. The boundary conditions at infinity and the interface conditions are satisfied during the boundary parametric iteration.
A fast multigrid-based electromagnetic eigensolver for curved metal boundaries on the Yee mesh
Bauer, Carl A., E-mail: carl.bauer@colorado.edu [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Werner, Gregory R. [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)] [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Cary, John R. [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States) [Department of Physics and the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
For embedded boundary electromagnetics using the Dey–Mittra (Dey and Mittra, 1997) [1] algorithm, a special grad–div matrix constructed in this work allows use of multigrid methods for efficient inversion of Maxwell’s curl–curl matrix. Efficient curl–curl inversions are demonstrated within a shift-and-invert Krylov-subspace eigensolver (open-sourced at ([ofortt]https://github.com/bauerca/maxwell[cfortt])) on the spherical cavity and the 9-cell TESLA superconducting accelerator cavity. The accuracy of the Dey–Mittra algorithm is also examined: frequencies converge with second-order error, and surface fields are found to converge with nearly second-order error. In agreement with previous work (Nieter et al., 2009) [2], neglecting some boundary-cut cell faces (as is required in the time domain for numerical stability) reduces frequency convergence to first-order and surface-field convergence to zeroth-order (i.e. surface fields do not converge). Additionally and importantly, neglecting faces can reduce accuracy by an order of magnitude at low resolutions.
Tachyonic field interacting with Scalar (Phantom) Field
Surajit Chattopadhyay; Ujjal Debnath
2009-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter, we have considered the universe is filled with the mixture of tachyonic field and scalar or phantom field. If the tachyonic field interacts with scalar or phantom field, the interaction term decays with time and the energy for scalar field is transferred to tachyonic field or the energy for phantom field is transferred to tachyonic field. The tachyonic field and scalar field potentials always decrease, but phantom field potential always increases.
Effective zero-thickness model for a conductive membrane driven by an electric field
Bazant, Martin Z.
The behavior of a conductive membrane in a static (dc) electric field is investigated theoretically. An effective zero-thickness model is constructed based on a Robin-type boundary condition for the electric potential at ...
Dependence of the Direction of the Casimir Force on the Shape of the Boundary
Schaden, Martin [Department of Physics, Rutgers University, 101 Warren Street, Newark, New Jersey 07102 (United States)
2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
The Casimir force due to a massless scalar field satisfying Dirichlet boundary conditions may draw a piston into the neck or toward the bulb of a flasklike container. In the worldline formalism this is due to competing contributions to the interaction energy from two types of Brownian bridges. Geometrical subtractions define a finite interaction energy. The procedure does not require regularization and appears well suited for numerical studies. The worldline analysis is robust with respect to variations in the shape of both piston and flask.
Influence of attrition milling on nano-grain boundaries
Rawers, J.; Cook, D.
1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nanostructured materials have a relatively large proportion of their atoms associated with the grain boundary, and the method used to develop the nano-grains has a strong influence on the resulting grain boundary structure. In this study, attrition milling iron powders and blends of iron powders produced micron-size particles composed of nano-size grains. Mechanical cold-working powder resulted in dislocation generation, multiplication, and congealing that produced grain refinement. As the grain size approached nano-dimensions, dislocations were no longer sustained within the grain and once generated, rapidly diffused to the grain boundary. Dislocations on the grain boundary strained the local lattice structure which, as the grain size decreased, became the entire grain. Mechanical alloying of substitutional aluminium atoms into iron powder resulted in the aluminium atoms substituting for iron atoms in the grain boundary cells and providing a grain boundary structure similar to that of the iron powder processed in argon. Attrition milling iron powder in nitrogen gas resulted in nitrogen atoms being adsorbed onto the particle surface. Continued mechanical milling infused the nitrogen atoms into interstitial lattice sites on the grain boundary which also contributed to expanding and straining the local lattice.
Analytic Model of the Universal Structure of Turbulent Boundary Layers
Victor S. L'vov; Itamar Procaccia; Oleksii Rudenko
2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z
Turbulent boundary layers exhibit a universal structure which nevertheless is rather complex, being composed of a viscous sub-layer, a buffer zone, and a turbulent log-law region. In this letter we present a simple analytic model of turbulent boundary layers which culminates in explicit formulae for the profiles of the mean velocity, the kinetic energy and the Reynolds stress as a function of the distance from the wall. The resulting profiles are in close quantitative agreement with measurements over the entire structure of the boundary layer, without any need of re-fitting in the different zones.
Guo, Y.; Ding, M. D. [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Liu, Y.; Sun, X. D. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); DeRosa, M. L. [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Wiegelmann, T., E-mail: guoyang@nju.edu.cn [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Strasse 2, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany)
2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
We test a nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) optimization code in spherical geometry using an analytical solution from Low and Lou. Several tests are run, ranging from idealized cases where exact vector field data are provided on all boundaries, to cases where noisy vector data are provided on only the lower boundary (approximating the solar problem). Analytical tests also show that the NLFFF code in the spherical geometry performs better than that in the Cartesian one when the field of view of the bottom boundary is large, say, 20 Degree-Sign Multiplication-Sign 20 Degree-Sign . Additionally, we apply the NLFFF model to an active region observed by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) both before and after an M8.7 flare. For each observation time, we initialize the models using potential field source surface (PFSS) extrapolations based on either a synoptic chart or a flux-dispersal model, and compare the resulting NLFFF models. The results show that NLFFF extrapolations using the flux-dispersal model as the boundary condition have slightly lower, therefore better, force-free, and divergence-free metrics, and contain larger free magnetic energy. By comparing the extrapolated magnetic field lines with the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) observations by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board SDO, we find that the NLFFF performs better than the PFSS not only for the core field of the flare productive region, but also for large EUV loops higher than 50 Mm.
Schuh, Christopher A.
Grain boundary segregation provides a method for stabilization of nanocrystalline metals—an alloying element that will segregate to the boundaries can lower the grain boundary energy, attenuating the driving force for grain ...
An enriched finite element model with q-refinement for radiative boundary layers in glass cooling
Mohamed, M. Shadi [Institute for Infrastructure and Environment, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)] [Institute for Infrastructure and Environment, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Seaid, Mohammed; Trevelyan, Jon [School of Engineering and Computing Sciences, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)] [School of Engineering and Computing Sciences, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Laghrouche, Omar [Institute for Infrastructure and Environment, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)] [Institute for Infrastructure and Environment, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)
2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Radiative cooling in glass manufacturing is simulated using the partition of unity finite element method. The governing equations consist of a semi-linear transient heat equation for the temperature field and a stationary simplified P{sub 1} approximation for the radiation in non-grey semitransparent media. To integrate the coupled equations in time we consider a linearly implicit scheme in the finite element framework. A class of hyperbolic enrichment functions is proposed to resolve boundary layers near the enclosure walls. Using an industrial electromagnetic spectrum, the proposed method shows an immense reduction in the number of degrees of freedom required to achieve a certain accuracy compared to the conventional h-version finite element method. Furthermore the method shows a stable behaviour in treating the boundary layers which is shown by studying the solution close to the domain boundaries. The time integration choice is essential to implement a q-refinement procedure introduced in the current study. The enrichment is refined with respect to the steepness of the solution gradient near the domain boundary in the first few time steps and is shown to lead to a further significant reduction on top of what is already achieved with the enrichment. The performance of the proposed method is analysed for glass annealing in two enclosures where the simplified P{sub 1} approximation solution with the partition of unity method, the conventional finite element method and the finite difference method are compared to each other and to the full radiative heat transfer as well as the canonical Rosseland model.
Feenstra, Roeland [ORNL; Sinclair IV, John W [ORNL; Thompson, James R [ORNL; Christen, David K [ORNL
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A generalized methodology is described for determining both the intragranular and through-grain-boundary critical current densities in practical coated conductors from contact-free magnetic hysteresis measurements. The model incorporates the vector nature of current density J within the superconducting grains and current conservation with respect to the grain boundaries. Using physically observed values for the grain aspect ratio as input, the analysis yields the low-field intragranular critical current density J{sub c}{sup G} from a single field-dependent measurement of the global J{sub c} and provides a consistent description that spans the entire range from the weak-link (J{sub c}/J{sub c}{sup G}) to the single-grain (J{sub c}/J{sub c}{sup G} {yields} 1) limit. Results are given for ex situ processed RBCO coatings on RABiTS.
Change in Hamiltonian General Relativity from the Lack of a Time-like Killing Vector Field
J. Brian Pitts
2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
In General Relativity in Hamiltonian form, change has seemed to be missing, defined only asymptotically, or otherwise obscured at best, because the Hamiltonian is a sum of first-class constraints and a boundary term and thus supposedly generates gauge transformations. Attention to the gauge generator G of Rosenfeld, Anderson, Bergmann, Castellani et al., a specially tuned sum of first-class constraints, facilitates seeing that a solitary first-class constraint in fact generates not a gauge transformation, but a bad physical change in electromagnetism (changing E) or GR. The change spoils the Lagrangian constraints in terms of the physically relevant velocities rather than auxiliary canonical momenta. While Maudlin has defended change in GR much as G. E. Moore resisted skepticism, there remains a need to exhibit the technical flaws in the argument. Insistence on Hamiltonian-Lagrangian equivalence, a theme emphasized by Mukunda, Castellani, Sugano, Pons, Salisbury, Shepley and Sundermeyer among others, holds the key. Taking objective change to be ineliminable time dependence, there is change in vacuum GR just in case there is no time-like vector field satisfying Killing's equation. Throwing away the spatial dependence of GR for convenience, one finds that the time evolution from Hamilton's equations is real change just when there is no time-like Killing vector. Hence change is real and local even in the Hamiltonian formalism. The considerations here resolve the Earman-Maudlin standoff: the Hamiltonian formalism is helpful, and, suitably reformed, it does not have absurd consequences for change. Hence the classical problem of time is resolved, apart from the issue of observables, for which the solution is outlined. The quantum problem of time, however, is not automatically resolved due to issues of quantum constraint imposition.
Kansa, E., E-mail: edwardjkansa@netzero.com [Computational Sciences, LLC, 8000 Madison Blvd., Madison, AL 35758-2035 (United States); Shumlak, U., E-mail: shumlak@uw.edu [Computational Sciences, LLC, 8000 Madison Blvd., Madison, AL 35758-2035 (United States); Aerospace and Energetics Research Program, University of Washington, Box 352250, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Tsynkov, S., E-mail: tsynkov@math.ncsu.edu [Computational Sciences, LLC, 8000 Madison Blvd., Madison, AL 35758-2035 (United States); Department of Mathematics, North Carolina State University, Box 8205, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States)
2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Confining dense plasma in a field reversed configuration (FRC) is considered a promising approach to fusion. Numerical simulation of this process requires setting artificial boundary conditions (ABCs) for the magnetic field because whereas the plasma itself occupies a bounded region (within the FRC coils), the field extends from this region all the way to infinity. If the plasma is modeled using single fluid magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), then the exterior magnetic field can be considered quasi-static. This field has a scalar potential governed by the Laplace equation. The quasi-static ABC for the magnetic field is obtained using the method of difference potentials, in the form of a discrete Calderon boundary equation with projection on the artificial boundary shaped as a parallelepiped. The Calderon projection itself is computed by convolution with the discrete fundamental solution on the three-dimensional Cartesian grid.
Uniformly Loaded Rectangular Thin Plates with Symmetrical Boundary Conditions
Milan Batista
2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
In the article the Fourier series analytical solutions of uniformly loaded rectangular thin plates with symmetrical boundary conditions are considered. For all the cases the numerical values are tabulated.
Eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets
Waterman, Stephanie N
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis examines the nature of eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets and recirculation gyre dynamics from both theoretical and observational perspectives. It includes theoretical studies of ...
Examining A Hypersonic Turbulent Boundary Layer at Low Reynolds Number
Semper, Michael Thomas
2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of the current study was to answer several questions related to hypersonic, low Reynolds number, turbulent boundary layers, of which available data related to turbulence quantities is scarce. To that end, a unique research facility...
3?D Surface Topography Boundary Conditions in Seismic Wave Modelling
Hestholm, Stig
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
New alternative formulations of exact boundary conditions for arbitrary three{dimensional (3?D) free surface topographies on seismic media have been derived. They are shown to be equivalent with previously published ...
ROUTINE CLOUD-BOUNDARY ALGORITHM DEVELOPMENT FOR ARM MICROPULSE LIDAR
ROUTINE CLOUD-BOUNDARY ALGORITHM DEVELOPMENT FOR ARM MICROPULSE LIDAR Chitra Sivaraman, Pacific implemented for use with the ARM micropulse lidar (MPL) systems. As part of this value-added product (VAP
Performance of a boundary layer ingesting propulsion system
Plas, Angélique (Angélique Pascale)
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents an assessment of the aerodynamic performance of an aircraft propulsion system, with embedded engines, in the presence of aircraft fuselage boundary layer ingestion (BLI). The emphasis is on defining ...
Using statistical models to predict phrase boundaries for speech synthesis.
Sanders, Eric; Taylor, Paul A
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes a variety of methods for inserting phrase boundaries in text. The methods work by examining the likelihood of a phrase break occurring in a sequence of three part-of-speech tags. The paper explains ...
Interaction between surface and atmosphere in a convective boundary layer /
Garai, Anirban
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of cold fluid constitute most of the heat transport andevent cold air descends to the ground, heat transport fromcold air during sweep events. The convective boundary layer has a great influence on moisture transport,
Numerical simulations of supercell interactions with thermal boundaries
Kay, Michael Paul
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to examine the effects of the interaction of simulated supercede thunderstorms with thermal boundaries on storm morphology and low-level rotation. This study differs from previous supercede modeling studies that use homogeneous initial conditions. A non...
Fusion of conformal interfaces and bulk induced boundary RG flows
Konechny, Anatoly
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the basic radius changing conformal interface for a free compact boson. After investigating different theoretical aspects of this object we focus on the fusion of this interface with conformal boundary conditions. At fractions of the self-dual radius there exist exceptional D-branes. It was argued in [1] that changing the radius in the bulk induces a boundary RG flow. Following [2] we conjecture that fusing the basic radius changing interface (that changes the radius from a fraction of the self-dual radius) with the exceptional boundary conditions gives the boundary condition which is the end point of the RG flow considered in [1]. By studying the fusion singularities we recover RG logarithms and see, in particular instances, how they get resummed into power singularities. We discuss what quantities need to be calculated to gain full non-perturbative control over the fusion.
Fusion of conformal interfaces and bulk induced boundary RG flows
Anatoly Konechny
2015-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the basic radius changing conformal interface for a free compact boson. After investigating different theoretical aspects of this object we focus on the fusion of this interface with conformal boundary conditions. At fractions of the self-dual radius there exist exceptional D-branes. It was argued in [1] that changing the radius in the bulk induces a boundary RG flow. Following [2] we conjecture that fusing the basic radius changing interface (that changes the radius from a fraction of the self-dual radius) with the exceptional boundary conditions gives the boundary condition which is the end point of the RG flow considered in [1]. By studying the fusion singularities we recover RG logarithms and see, in particular instances, how they get resummed into power singularities. We discuss what quantities need to be calculated to gain full non-perturbative control over the fusion.
Science at the interface : grain boundaries in nanocrystalline metals.
Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Follstaedt, David Martin; Knapp, James Arthur; Brewer, Luke N.; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Hattar, Khalid M.; Clark, Blythe B.; Olmsted, David L.; Medlin, Douglas L.
2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Interfaces are a critical determinant of the full range of materials properties, especially at the nanoscale. Computational and experimental methods developed a comprehensive understanding of nanograin evolution based on a fundamental understanding of internal interfaces in nanocrystalline nickel. It has recently been shown that nanocrystals with a bi-modal grain-size distribution possess a unique combination of high-strength, ductility and wear-resistance. We performed a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the structure and motion of internal interfaces in nanograined metal and the resulting grain evolution. The properties of grain boundaries are computed for an unprecedented range of boundaries. The presence of roughening transitions in grain boundaries is explored and related to dramatic changes in boundary mobility. Experimental observations show that abnormal grain growth in nanograined materials is unlike conventional scale material in both the level of defects and the formation of unfavored phases. Molecular dynamics simulations address the origins of some of these phenomena.
Grain boundary relaxation strengthening of nanocrystalline Ni–W alloys
Rupert, Timothy J.
The hardening effect caused by the relaxation of nonequilibrium grain boundary structure has been explored in nanocrystalline Ni–W alloys. First, the kinetics of relaxation hardening are studied, showing that higher annealing ...
Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary Print Earth is a dynamic planet in which convection takes place on the scale of thousands of kilometers. Because Earth is mostly...
Crossing the Boundaries in Information Science: Perspectives on Interdisciplinarity
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Crossing the Boundaries in Information Science: Perspectives on Interdisciplinarity Tatjana Aparac, interdisciplinarity, research agenda information science, documentation. ABSTRACT Information science has often been & Barlow, 2012), while the development of information science in Europe has largely stayed close
Grain Boundary (GB) Studies in Nano- and Micro- Crystalline Materials
Tanju, Mst Sohanazaman
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
boundaries in silicon? Materials research society, Vol.122,bicrystal? Journal of Materials Science, 40(2005)3137- 5.in ZnO? Journal of Materials Science, 40(2005)3067-3074. 6.
Distributed Roughness Receptivity in a Flat Plate Boundary Layer
Kuester, Matthew Scott
2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
the incoming boundary layer. This dissertation describes an experiment specifically designed to study the shielding effect. Three roughness configurations, a deterministic distributed roughness patch, a slanted rectangle, and the combination of the two, were...
A convective-like energy-stable open boundary condition for ...
S. Dong
2015-09-21T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 15, 2015 ... Energy stability. Outflow. Open boundary condition. Outflow boundary condition. Velocity correction. We present a new energy-stable open ...
Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-Term Supply Potential of Domestic Biofuels
Jones, Andrew; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-Term SupplyAugust 22, 2007 Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-significant amount of liquid biofuel (equivalent to 30-100%
Distributed boundary layer suction utilizing wing tip effects
Edwards, Jay Thomas
1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of this system to existing light aircraft would present no mechanical complications, either in the perforation of the wings or in the maintenance of the system. Recommendations for Other A lications 1. An investigation into the possibility of delaying... Means of Effecting Boundary Layer Control by Suction, " Aeronautical En ineerin Review, September, 1953. 17. Cornish, J. , "Practical High Lift Systems Using Distributed Boundary Layer Control, " Research Report $19, Miss. State College, 1958. 18...
Modelling general relativistic perfect fluids in field theoretic language
Nikolai V. Mitskievich
1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z
Skew-symmetric massless fields, their potentials being $r$-forms, are close analogues of Maxwell's field (though the non-linear cases also should be considered). We observe that only two of them ($r=$2 and 3) automatically yield stress-energy tensors characteristic to normal perfect fluids. It is shown that they naturally describe both non-rotating ($r=2$) and rotating (then a combination of $r=2$ and $r=3$ fields is indispensable) general relativistic perfect fluids possessing every type of equations of state. Meanwile, a free $r=3$ field is completely equivalent to appearance of the cosmological term in Einstein's equations. Sound waves represent perturbations propagating on the background of the $r=2$ field. Some exotic properties of these two fields are outlined.
D. Gottschalk; A. McBride; B. D. Reddy; A. Javili; P. Wriggers; C. B. Hirschberger
2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
A detailed theoretical and numerical investigation of the infinitesimal single-crystal gradient plasticity and grain-boundary theory of Gurtin (2008) "A theory of grain boundaries that accounts automatically for grain misorientation and grain-boundary orientation". Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 56 (2), 640-662, is performed. The governing equations and flow laws are recast in variational form. The associated incremental problem is formulated in minimization form and provides the basis for the subsequent finite element formulation. Various choices of the kinematic measure used to characterize the ability of the grain boundary to impede the flow of dislocations are compared. An alternative measure is also suggested. A series of three-dimensional numerical examples serve to elucidate the theory.
Kumar Awasthi, Mukesh, E-mail: mukeshiitr.kumar@gmail.com [Department of Mathematics, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun (India)
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the linear magnetohydrodynamic Kelvin–Helmholtz instability of the interface between two viscous, incompressible, and electrically conducting fluids. The phases are enclosed between two coaxial cylindrical porous layers with the interface through which mass and heat transfer takes place. The fluids are subjected to a constant magnetic field parallel to the streaming direction, and the suction/injection velocities for the fluids at the permeable boundaries are also taken into account. Here, we use an irrotational theory in which the motion and pressure are irrotational, and the viscosity enters through the jump in the viscous normal stress in the normal stress balance at the interface. We consider both asymmetric and axisymmetric disturbances in our analysis. A quadratic dispersion relation is deduced and stability criterion is given in terms of a critical value of relative velocity, as well as, magnetic field. It has been observed that in the case of permeable boundaries, heat and mass transfer phenomena play a dual in the stability analysis. The flow through porous medium is more stable than the pure flow.
Goyal, Amit [ORNL; Field, Dr. David [Washington State University; Held, R. [Institute of Physics, Augsburg University, Augsburg, Germany; Mannhart, J. [Institute of Physics, Augsburg University, Augsburg, Germany
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Grain boundaries (GBs) in high-temperature superconductors suppress the critical current density (Jc) dramatically [1-3]. The Jc drops exponentially when GB-misorientation exceeds 4 [3]. To reduce the number of high-angle GBs, fabrication of biaxially-textured, superconducting wires via epitaxial growth on cube-textured metals has been widely investigated [4-6]. Such wires have exhibited very high-Jc in applied magnetic fields despite having a majority of GBs with total misorientations greater than 4 . Here we show that GB networks in these wires have numerous GBs with out-of-plane misorientations > 4 and few boundaries having in-plane misorientations > 4 . The high performance can be explained if the Jc is determined primarily by in-plane misorientations. This supposition was confirmed by in-field transport measurements on artificially fabricated bicrystals of superconductors having only out-of-plane misorientations. Atomic resolution imaging of bicrystals with out-of-plane misorientations show that superconducting ab-planes are continuous across such GBs in contrast to GBs with in-plane misorientations.
Andrey Piatnitski; Volodymyr Rybalko
2010-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
The paper deals with homogenization problem for nonlinear elliptic and parabolic equations in a periodically perforated domain, a nonlinear Fourier boundary conditions being imposed on the perforation border. Under the assumptions that the studied differential equation satisfies monotonicity and 2-growth conditions and that the coefficient of the boundary operator is centered at each level set of unknown function, we show that the problem under consideration admits homogenization and derive the effective model.
Piatnitski, Andrey
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The paper deals with homogenization problem for nonlinear elliptic and parabolic equations in a periodically perforated domain, a nonlinear Fourier boundary conditions being imposed on the perforation border. Under the assumptions that the studied differential equation satisfies monotonicity and 2-growth conditions and that the coefficient of the boundary operator is centered at each level set of unknown function, we show that the problem under consideration admits homogenization and derive the effective model.
Smooth Field Theories and Homotopy Field Theories
Wilder, Alan Cameron
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1 . . . . . . . . 4 Categories of Field Theories 4.1 Functorto super symmetric field theories. CRM Proceedings and0-dimensional super symmetric field theories. preprint 2008.
Item 4, Attachment 1: Pulse Outline Pulse Outline for 2013
, Sedlak - Water Board Strategies (R2 policy, State Strategy), Green Chemistry, etc. Management Update Microcystin in the Bay Kudela SPATT data Mercury: 4 pages MeHg in water, MeHg in sediment, Hg in sediment, coastal fish, rail feathers? PCBs: 2 pages Sum of PCBs in sediment, PCBs in small fish PAHs: 4 pages Sum
Schwinger functions in noncommutative quantum field theory
Dorothea Bahns
2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that the $n$-point functions of scalar massive free fields on the noncommutative Minkowski space are distributions which are boundary values of analytic functions. Contrary to what one might expect, this construction does not provide a connection to the popular traditional Euclidean approach to noncommutative field theory (unless the time variable is assumed to commute). Instead, one finds Schwinger functions with twistings involving only momenta that are on the mass-shell. This explains why renormalization in the traditional Euclidean noncommutative framework crudely differs from renormalization in the Minkowskian regime.
Field boundary layer characteristics as modified by clams in habitats of varying survival rates
Profile u (m s-1) y(m) Q (m3 s-1) Vertical Jet + = Q UU -Vertical jets in crossflow have been shown as those in the jets-in-crossflow literature. Hypothesis and Objective · Hypothesis: Clam presence
Boundary migration in Zn bicrystal induced by a high magnetic field A. D. Sheikh-Alia)
Garmestani, Hamid
, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 D. A. Molodov Institut fu¨r Metallkunde und Metallphysik, RWTH Aachen, D-52056
Garmestani, Hamid
Dirac Drive, Tallahassee, FL 32310, USA b Institut fuur Metallkunde und Metallphysik, RWTH Aachen, D
Extended self-similarity of atmospheric boundary layer wind fields in mesoscale regime: Is it real?
Kiliyanpilakkil, V P
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter, we study the scaling properties of multi-year observed and atmospheric model-generated wind time series. We have found that the extended self-similarity holds for the observed series, and remarkably, the scaling exponents corresponding to the meoscale range closely match the well-accepted inertial-range turbulence values. However, the scaling results from the simulated time series are significantly different.
The boundary rigidity problem in the presence of a magnetic field
Energy estimates method. 25. 5.1. Semibasic tensor .... The function A(x, y) is referred to as Ma˜né's action potential (of energy 1/2), and we call the ...... direct differentiation shows that (Pu)j = ??j u ? ?j?i??i u + ?ju, and the first order part is clearly tangent to ...... Now, the claim follows from Lyapunov's inequality [16, p. 346]. D ...
Fast wave evanescence in filamentary boundary plasmas
Myra, J. R. [Lodestar Research Corporation, Boulder, Colorado 80027 (United States)] [Lodestar Research Corporation, Boulder, Colorado 80027 (United States)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
Radio frequency waves for heating and current drive of plasmas in tokamaks and other magnetic confinement devices must first traverse the scrape-off-layer (SOL) before they can be put to their intended use. The SOL plasma is strongly turbulent and intermittent in space and time. These turbulent properties of the SOL, which are not routinely taken into account in wave propagation codes, can have an important effect on the coupling of waves through an evanescent SOL or edge plasma region. The effective scale length for fast wave (FW) evanescence in the presence of short-scale field-aligned filamentary plasma turbulence is addressed in this paper. It is shown that although the FW wavelength or evanescent scale length is long compared with the dimensions of the turbulence, the FW does not simply average over the turbulent density; rather, the average is over the exponentiation rate. Implications for practical situations are discussed.
OUTFLOWS AND DARK BANDS AT ARCADE-LIKE ACTIVE REGION CORE BOUNDARIES
Scott, J. T.; Martens, P. C. H.; Tarr, L. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States)
2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
Observations from the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board Hinode have revealed outflows and non-thermal line broadening in low intensity regions at the edges of active regions (ARs). We use data from Hinode's EIS, Solar Dynamic Observatory's Atmospheric Imaging Assembly and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager, and the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer instrument to investigate the boundaries of arcade-like AR cores for NOAA ARs 11112, 10978, and 9077. A narrow, low intensity region that is observed at the core's periphery as a dark band shows outflows and increased spectral line broadening. This dark band is found to exist for days and appears between the bright coronal loop structures of different coronal topologies. We find a case where the dark band region is formed between the magnetic field from emerging flux and the field of the pre-existing flux. A magnetic field extrapolation indicates that this dark band is coincident with the spine lines or magnetic separatrices in the extrapolated field. This occurs over unipolar regions where the brightened coronal field is separated in connectivity and topology. This separation does not appear to be infinitesimal and an initial estimate of the minimum distance of separation is found to be Almost-Equal-To 1.5-3.5 Mm.
Oil and gas field code master list 1997
NONE
1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Oil and Gas Field Code Master List 1997 is the sixteenth annual listing of all identified oil and gas fields in the US. It is updated with field information collected through October 1997. The purpose of this publication is to provide unique, standardized codes for identification of domestic fields. Use of these field codes fosters consistency of field identification by government and industry. As a result of their widespread adoption they have in effect become a national standard. The use of field names and codes listed in this publication is required on survey forms and other reports regarding field-specific data collected by EIA. There are 58,366 field records in this year`s FCML, 437 more than last year. The FCML includes: field records for each State and county in which a field resides; field records for each offshore area block in the Gulf of Mexico in which a field resides; field records for each alias field name (definition of alias is listed); fields crossing State boundaries that may be assigned different names by the respective State naming authorities. This report also contains an Invalid Field Record List of 4 records that have been removed from the FCML since last year`s report. These records were found to be either technically incorrect or to represent field names which were never recognized by State naming authorities.
Pseudo Limits, Biadjoints, and Pseudo Algebras: Categorical Foundations of Conformal Field Theory
Thomas M. Fiore
2006-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper I develop categorical foundations needed for a rigorous approach to the definition of conformal field theory outlined by Graeme Segal. I discuss pseudo algebras over theories and 2-theories, their pseudo morphisms, bilimits, bicolimits, biadjoints, stacks, and related concepts.
Bilski, P; D'Errico, F; Esposito, A; Fehrenbacher, G; Fernàndez, F; Fuchs, A; Golnik, N; Lacoste, V; Leuschner, A; Sandri, S; Silari, M; Spurny, F; Wiegel, B; Wright, P
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report outlines the research needs and research activities within Europe to develop new and improved methods and techniques for the characterization of complex radiation fields at workplaces around high-energy accelerators and the next generation of thermonuclear fusion facilities under the auspices of the COordinated Network for RAdiation Dosimetry (CONRAD) project funded by the European Commission.
Dipole tilt angle effects on the latitude of the cusp and cleft/low-latitude boundary layer
Newell, P.T.; Meng, C.I. (Johns Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD (USA))
1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
A large data set of approximately 12,000 Defense Meteorological Satellite Program satellite F7 crossings of the cusp or the cleft (i.e., the dayside magnetospheric boundary layer) over a 3-year period is studied for seasonal dependence in latitudinal position. A carefully tested algorithm is used to distinguish the various dayside particle precipitation regions and boundaries. It is found that in the 1,100-1,300 MLT sector, the cusp proper exhibits about {minus}0.06{degree} magnetic latitude (MLAT) shift for each degree increase in dipole tilt angle. Thus the difference between the average summer and winter cusp positions is close to 4{degree} MLAT, approximately symmetric about equinox. For the cleft (magnetospheric boundary layer) the variation is smaller. For example, in the 0700-0900 MLT sector the cleft equatorward boundary shift is {minus} 0.027{degree} MLAT/1{degree} dipole tilt. These results are in general agreement with the predictions of empirical magnetospheric magnetic field models. Various ground-based and low-altitude observations can be systematically affected by the seasonal latitudinal shift herein documented.
Microsoft Word - CADD Outline .doc
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
further information."** All Final Documents must include an Appendix with the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection Comment Response Sheets Library Distribution List ** Note...
NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY Outline
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma | Department ofEnergy 9 Lehman final 1003applications |Materials-LosNASA Enhanced UseNASCAR
Electric and Magnetic Fields Facts
none,
2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
This discussion outlines the EMF issue, summarizes the research conducted to date, and describes what Western Area Power Administration is doing to address concerns about EMF.
Intimacy, Manipulation, and the Maintenance of Social Boundaries at San Quentin Prison
Lindahl, Nicole
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Manipulation, and the Maintenance of Social Boundaries atand volunteers to explore the maintenance and regulation of
Background independent quantizations: the scalar field II
W. Kaminski; J. Lewandowski; A. Okolow
2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
We are concerned with the issue of quantization of a scalar field in a diffeomorphism invariant manner. We apply the method used in Loop Quantum Gravity. It relies on the specific choice of scalar field variables referred to as the polymer variables. The quantization, in our formulation, amounts to introducing the `quantum' polymer *-star algebra and looking for positive linear functionals, called states. Assumed in our paper homeomorphism invariance allows to derive the complete class of the states. They are determined by the homeomorphism invariant states defined on the CW-complex *-algebra. The corresponding GNS representations of the polymer *-algebra and their self-adjoint extensions are derived, the equivalence classes are found and invariant subspaces characterized. In the preceding letter (the part I) we outlined those results. Here, we present the technical details.
Graphene as a Lattice Field Theory
Hands, Simon; Strouthos, Costas
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce effective field theories for the electronic properties of graphene in terms of relativistic fermions propagating in 2+1 dimensions, and outline how strong inter-electron interactions may be modelled by numerical simulation of a lattice field theory. For strong enough coupling an insulating state can form via condensation of particle-hole pairs, and it is demonstrated that this is a theoretical possibility for monolayer graphene. For bilayer graphene the effect of an interlayer bias voltage can be modelled by the introduction of a chemical potential (akin to isopsin chemical potential in QCD) with no accompanying sign problem; simulations reveal the presence of strong interactions among the residual degrees of freedom at the resulting Fermi surface, which is disrupted by an excitonic condensate. We also present preliminary results for the quasiparticle dispersion, which permit direct estimates of both the Fermi momentum and the induced gap.
Graphene as a Lattice Field Theory
Simon Hands; Wes Armour; Costas Strouthos
2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce effective field theories for the electronic properties of graphene in terms of relativistic fermions propagating in 2+1 dimensions, and outline how strong inter-electron interactions may be modelled by numerical simulation of a lattice field theory. For strong enough coupling an insulating state can form via condensation of particle-hole pairs, and it is demonstrated that this is a theoretical possibility for monolayer graphene. For bilayer graphene the effect of an interlayer bias voltage can be modelled by the introduction of a chemical potential (akin to isopsin chemical potential in QCD) with no accompanying sign problem; simulations reveal the presence of strong interactions among the residual degrees of freedom at the resulting Fermi surface, which is disrupted by an excitonic condensate. We also present preliminary results for the quasiparticle dispersion, which permit direct estimates of both the Fermi momentum and the induced gap.
Nonlinear electric field structures in the inner magnetosphere
Malaspina, D. M. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Andersson, L. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Ergun, R. E. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Wygant, J. R. [Univ. of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Bonnell, J. W. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Kletzing, C. [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States); Reeves, G. D. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Skoug, R. M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Larsen, B. A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
Recent observations by the Van Allen Probes spacecraft have demonstrated that a variety of electric field structures and nonlinear waves frequently occur in the inner terrestrial magnetosphere, including phase space holes, kinetic field-line resonances, nonlinear whistler-mode waves, and several types of double layer. However, it is nuclear whether such structures and waves have a significant impact on the dynamics of the inner magnetosphere, including the radiation belts and ring current. To make progress toward quantifying their importance, this study statistically evaluates the correlation of such structures and waves with plasma boundaries. A strong correlation is found. These statistical results, combined with observations of electric field activity at propagating plasma boundaries, are consistent with the identification of these boundaries as the source of free energy responsible for generating the electric field structures and nonlinear waves of interest. Therefore, the ability of these structures and waves to influence plasma in the inner magnetosphere is governed by the spatial extent and dynamics of macroscopic plasma boundaries in that region.
Active manipulation of fields modeled by the Helmholtz Daniel Onofrei
Onofrei, Daniel
Active manipulation of fields modeled by the Helmholtz equation Daniel Onofrei May 27, 2014, now exterior active sources, modeled with the help of the above boundary controls (which can represent of active control in the context of scalar Helmholtz equation. Given a source region Da and {v0, v1, ..., vn
Active manipulation of fields modeled by the Helmholtz Daniel Onofrei
Onofrei, Daniel
Active manipulation of fields modeled by the Helmholtz equation Daniel Onofrei October 27, 2014 exterior active sources, modeled with the help of the above boundary controls (which can represent velocity]) uses a discrete number of active sources located in the exterior of the control region to manipulate
Nonlinear electric field structures in the inner magnetosphere
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Malaspina, D. M.; Andersson, L.; Ergun, R. E.; Wygant, J. R.; Bonnell, J. W.; Kletzing, C.; Reeves, G. D.; Skoug, R. M.; Larsen, B. A.
2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
Recent observations by the Van Allen Probes spacecraft have demonstrated that a variety of electric field structures and nonlinear waves frequently occur in the inner terrestrial magnetosphere, including phase space holes, kinetic field-line resonances, nonlinear whistler-mode waves, and several types of double layer. However, it is nuclear whether such structures and waves have a significant impact on the dynamics of the inner magnetosphere, including the radiation belts and ring current. To make progress toward quantifying their importance, this study statistically evaluates the correlation of such structures and waves with plasma boundaries. A strong correlation is found. These statistical results, combinedmore »with observations of electric field activity at propagating plasma boundaries, are consistent with the identification of these boundaries as the source of free energy responsible for generating the electric field structures and nonlinear waves of interest. Therefore, the ability of these structures and waves to influence plasma in the inner magnetosphere is governed by the spatial extent and dynamics of macroscopic plasma boundaries in that region.« less
The divergent wind component in data sparse tropical wind fields
Snyder, Bruce Alan
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
boundary data were estimated by linear extrapolation from inner to outer grid points. Comparisons of level Illb wind data and cloud drift winds were made using Geostationary Operational Environmental Satelhte (GOES) West observed winds obtained from... for 0000 GMT 25 January 1979 were drawn and subjectively compared. Claudy regions viewed in enhanced GOES West imagery were superimposed on these streamline fields to determine whether the aliased wind fields correlated well with the convective activity...
Gorshkov, Aleksei V [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
The problem of stabilizing a solution of the 2D Navier-Stokes system defined in the exterior of a bounded domain with smooth boundary is investigated. For a given initial velocity field a control on the boundary of the domain must be constructed such that the solution stabilizes to a prescribed vortex solution or trivial solution at the rate of 1/t{sup k}. On the way, related questions are investigated, concerning the behaviour of the spectrum of an operator under a relatively compact perturbation and the existence of attracting invariant manifolds. Bibliography: 21 titles.
Gradient zone boundary control in salt gradient solar ponds
Hull, John R. (Downers Grove, IL)
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus for suppressing zone boundary migration in a salt gradient solar pond includes extending perforated membranes across the pond at the boundaries, between the convective and non-convective zones, the perforations being small enough in size to prevent individual turbulence disturbances from penetrating the hole, but being large enough to allow easy molecular diffusion of salt thereby preventing the formation of convective zones in the gradient layer. The total area of the perforations is a sizable fraction of the membrane area to allow sufficient salt diffusion while preventing turbulent entrainment into the gradient zone.
Polymer Effects on Heat Transport in Laminar Boundary Layer Flow
Roberto Benzi; Emily S. C. Ching; Vivien W. S. Chu
2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a laminar Blasius boundary-layer flow above a slightly heated horizontal plate and study the effect of polymer additives on the heat transport. We show that the action of the polymers can be understood as a space-dependent effective viscosity that first increases from the zero-shear value then decreases exponentially back to the zero-shear value as one moves away from the boundary. We find that with such an effective viscosity, both the horizontal and vertical velocities near the plate are decreased thus leading to an increase in the friction drag and a decrease in the heat transport in the flow.
Belyaev, Mikhail A.; Rafikov, Roman R.; Stone, James M., E-mail: rrr@astro.princeton.edu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)
2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
We perform global unstratified three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations of an astrophysical boundary layer (BL)-an interface region between an accretion disk and a weakly magnetized accreting object such as a white dwarf-with the goal of understanding the effects of magnetic field on the BL. We use cylindrical coordinates with an isothermal equation of state and investigate a number of initial field geometries including toroidal, vertical, and vertical with zero net flux. Our initial setup consists of a Keplerian disk attached to a non-rotating star. In a previous work, we found that in hydrodynamical simulations, sound waves excited by shear in the BL were able to efficiently transport angular momentum and drive mass accretion onto the star. Here we confirm that in MHD simulations, waves serve as an efficient means of angular momentum transport in the vicinity of the BL, despite the magnetorotational instability (MRI) operating in the disk. In particular, the angular momentum current due to waves is at times larger than the angular momentum current due to MRI. Our results suggest that angular momentum transport in the BL and its vicinity is a global phenomenon occurring through dissipation of waves and shocks. This point of view is quite different from the standard picture of transport by a local anomalous turbulent viscosity. In addition to angular momentum transport, we also study magnetic field amplification within the BL. We find that the field is indeed amplified in the BL, but only by a factor of a few, and remains subthermal.
Large-Scale Streamwise Turbulent Structures in Hypersonic Boundary Layers
English, Benjamin L.
2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
................................................................... 80 REFERENCES ......................................................................................................... 82 ix LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Typical laminar and turbulent boundary layer profiles. Figure taken from Ref. [1... configuration. Figure taken from Ref. [19] ............................................................................................ 12 5 WPG and SPG floor model profiles. Figure taken from Ref. [19] .... 14 6 Diamond roughness element topology...
A low temperature analysis of the boundary driven Kawasaki Process
Maes, Christian
A low temperature analysis of the boundary driven Kawasaki Process Christian Maes and Winny O'Kelly de Galway Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, KU Leuven June 17, 2013 Abstract Low temperature configurations even though the particle current tends to zero as the temperature reaches zero. That is because
A Theory of Spatial Regions with Indeterminate Boundaries
Leeds, University of
, School of Computer Studies, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK. email: fagc,ngottsg@scs.leeds review a first order theory of regions with crisp, well defined, boundaries. Then we present at Leeds has been to evaluate, extend and implement a theory 2 of space and time based upon Clarke
NASA/TM2014218280 Analysis of Well-Clear Boundary
Muñoz, César A.
NASA/TM2014218280 Analysis of Well-Clear Boundary Models for the Integration of UAS in the NAS Research Center, Hampton, Virginia June 2014 #12;NASA STI Program . . . in Profile Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA scientific
Ozone Chemistry in the High-Latitude Boundary Layer
Toohey, Darin W.
Ozone Chemistry in the High-Latitude Boundary Layer Linnea Avallone Department of Atmospheric layer ozone loss phenomenon · In situ observations of BrO at Arctic sites · Preliminary results from Antarctic experiments in 2002 and 2004 #12;Brief History · Springtime ozone loss observed at many sites
Connectivity of Confined Dense Networks: Boundary Effects and Scaling Laws
Goussev, Arseni O.
in statistical physics to analyze the effects that the boundaries of the geometry have on connectivity dense networks for each of these models. Finally, in order to demonstrate the versatility of our theory@toshiba-trel.com. #12;2 e.g., [1][3]). From a communications perspective, it is of paramount importance to understand
Stratified Flow over Topography: Wave Generation and Boundary Layer Separation
Sutherland, Bruce
Stratified Flow over Topography: Wave Generation and Boundary Layer Separation B. R. Sutherland topography. We have chosen to use periodic, finiteamplitude hills which are representative of the Earth upon internal waves generated by flow over rough topography. 1 Introduction Internal waves propagate
Stratified Flow over Topography: Wave Generation and Boundary Layer Separation
Sutherland, Bruce
Stratified Flow over Topography: Wave Generation and Boundary Layer Separation B. R. Sutherland topography. We have chosen to use periodic, finite-amplitude hills which are representative of the Earth upon internal waves generated by flow over rough topography. 1 Introduction Internal waves propagate
Boundary Integral Methods for Multicomponent Fluids and Multiphase Materials
of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, NY 10012. 1 #12;governing the bulk fluid or materialBoundary Integral Methods for Multicomponent Fluids and Multiphase Materials T.Y. Hou J integral methods in two dimensions to multi-component fluid flows and multi-phase problems in materials
Convexity and uniqueness in a free boundary problem arising in ...
this subsequence there exists e0 = lim e k, where ek = (y k x 0)=jyk x 0j. Then .... x . Therefore v admits its maximum at the origin y = 0. Hence. (27). jrw + (0)j= lim .... [HS] Henrot, A., Shahgholian, H., Convexity of free boundaries with Bernoulli.
NONLINEAR GEOSTROPHIC ADJUSTMENT IN THE PRESENCE OF A BOUNDARY
the initial disturbance, and Kelvin waves confined near the boundary. The theory provides simple formulae the fast-slow splitting, in spite of the fact that the frequency gap between the Kelvin waves and slow. In the case of a localised initial disturbance the total mass of the lowest-order slow component
An Unstable Elliptic Free Boundary Problem arising in Solid Combustion
Monneau, Régis
An Unstable Elliptic Free Boundary Problem arising in Solid Combustion R. Monneau Ecole Nationale in solid combustion. The maximal solution and every local minimizer of the energy are regular, that is, {u combustion, singularity, unstable problem, Aleksandrov reflection, unique blow-up limit, second variation
well posedness of Hyperbolic Initial Boundary Value Problems
MÃ©tivier, Guy
direction, we show on an example that, even for symmetric systems in the sense of Friedrichs, with variable and the class M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.3 The incoming bundle, block decomposition and if the boundary condition is maximal 2 #12;strictly dissipative , then for all T 0, u0 L2(Rd), f L1([0, T]; L2
A MULTIPOLE BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHOD FOR TWO DIMENSIONAL ELASTOSTATICS 3
Yamamoto, Hirosuke
A MULTIPOLE BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHOD FOR TWO DIMENSIONAL ELASTOSTATICS 3 YOSIHIRO YAMADAy z AND KEN. To avoid these problems, Rokhlin proposed the multipole method for the potential prob- lem. This paper requires O(N log N) work and memory. Theoretical error estimates for the multipole expansions are also
Boundary value problems for the one-dimensional Willmore equation
Grunau, Hans-Christoph
Boundary value problems for the one-dimensional Willmore equation Klaus Deckelnick and HansÂknown that the corresponding surface has to satisfy the Willmore equation H + 2H(H2 - K) = 0 on , (1) e-mail: Klaus Willmore surfaces of prescribed genus has been proved by Simon [Sn] and Bauer & Kuwert [BK]. Also, local
A Navier boundary value problem for Willmore surfaces of revolution #
Grunau, Hans-Christoph
A Navier boundary value problem for Willmore surfaces of revolution # Klaus Deckelnick + and Hans Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) is gratefully acknowledged + eÂmail: Klaus.Deckelnick@ovgu.de # eÂmail: Hans of closed Willmore surfaces of prescribed genus was proved by Simon [Sn] and Bauer & Kuwert [BK]. Con
Boundary value problems for the onedimensional Willmore equation
Grunau, Hans-Christoph
Boundary value problems for the oneÂdimensional Willmore equation Klaus Deckelnick # and Hans--known that the corresponding surface # has to satisfy the Willmore equation #H + 2H(H 2 -K) = 0 on #, (1) # eÂmail: Klaus Willmore surfaces of prescribed genus has been proved by Simon [Sn] and Bauer & Kuwert [BK]. Also, local
Radiating Instability of a Meridional Boundary Current HRISTINA G. HRISTOVA
energy away from the source of instability. It can be contrasted with a trapped instability ocean basins. Un- stable boundary currents can be an important source of eddy kinetic energy. Radiating instabilities propagate energy away from the locally unstable region by coupling to the free
Two-Baryon Systems with Twisted Boundary Conditions
Zohreh Davoudi
2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
I derive the most general quantization condition for energy eigenvalues of two interacting baryons in a finite cubic volume when arbitrary twisted boundary conditions are imposed on their finite-volume wavefunctions. These quantization conditions are used, along with experimentally known scattering parameters of two-nucleon systems in the coupled 3S1-3D1 channels, to demonstrate the expected effect of a selection of twisted boundary conditions on the spectrum of the deuteron. It is shown that an order of magnitude reduction in the finite-volume corrections to the deuteron binding energy arise in moderate volumes with a proper choice of boundary conditions on the proton and the neutron, or by averaging the result of periodic and anti-periodic boundary conditions. These observations mean that a sub-percent accuracy can be achieved in the determination of the deuteron binding energy at (spatial) volumes as small as ~(9[fm])^3 in upcoming lattice QCD calculations of this nucleus with physical light-quark masses. The results reviewed in this talk are presented in details in Ref. [1].
The Harrison Diffusion Kinetics Regimes in Solute Grain Boundary Diffusion
Belova, Irina [University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia; Fiedler, T [University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia; Kulkarni, Nagraj S [ORNL; Murch, Prof. Graeme [University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Knowledge of the limits of the principal Harrison kinetics regimes (Type-A, B and C) for grain boundary diffusion is very important for the correct analysis of the depth profiles in a tracer diffusion experiment. These regimes for self-diffusion have been extensively studied in the past by making use of the phenomenological Lattice Monte Carlo (LMC) method with the result that the limits are now well established. The relationship of those self-diffusion limits to the corresponding ones for solute diffusion in the presence of solute segregation to the grain boundaries remains unclear. In the present study, the influence of solute segregation on the limits is investigated with the LMC method for the well-known parallel grain boundary slab model by showing the equivalence of two diffusion models. It is shown which diffusion parameters are useful for identifying the limits of the Harrison kinetics regimes for solute grain boundary diffusion. It is also shown how the measured segregation factor from the diffusion experiment in the Harrison Type-B kinetics regime may differ from the global segregation factor.
Modeling of dislocationgrain boundary interactions in FCC metals
Cai, Wei
- dynamics simulations (DD). The conceptual approach to be followed for single-crystal plasticity is straight using atomistic methods. For polycrystal plasticity, however, the prob- lem is significantly more complex due to the role of grain boundaries (GB) in plastic deformation. While the in- teractions between
Condition Number Estimates for Combined Potential Boundary Integral
Langdon, Stephen
Condition Number Estimates for Combined Potential Boundary Integral Operators in Acoustic parameter. Of independent interest we also obtain upper and lower bounds on the norms of two oscillatory integral operators, namely the classical acoustic single- and double-layer potential operators. 1
Condition Number Estimates for Combined Potential Boundary Integral
Langdon, Stephen
Condition Number Estimates for Combined Potential Boundary Integral Operators in Acoustic parameter. Of independent interest we first obtain upper and lower bounds on the norms of two oscillatory integral operators, namely the classical acoustic single- and double-layer potential operators. 1
PPRODO: Prediction of Protein Domain Boundaries Using Neural Networks
Lee, Jooyoung
PPRODO: Prediction of Protein Domain Boundaries Using Neural Networks Jaehyun Sim, Seung-Yeon Kim-BLAST. A 10-fold cross-validation technique is performed to obtain the parameters of neural networks using; neural network INTRODUCTION Domains are semi-independent 3-dimensional (3D) units in proteins, and often
Measurements of grain boundary properties in nanocrystalline ceramics
Chiang, Y.M.; Smyth, I.P.; Terwilliger, C.D. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (USA). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering); Petuskey, W.T. (Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (USA). Dept. of Chemistry); Eastman, J.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))
1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The advent of nanocrystalline ceramics prepared by a variety of solution-chemical and vapor deposition methods offers a unique opportunity for the determination grain boundary properties by bulk'' thermodynamic methods. In this paper we discuss results from two types of measurements on model nanocrystalline ceramics. The first is a solution thermodynamic measurement of the activity of nanocrystalline SiC in polycarbosilane-derived silicon carbide fibers (Nicalon). Structural studies have shown that Nicalon consists of well-ordered cubic ({beta} or 3C polytype) SiC grains separated by a very thin grain boundary layer (<1 nm thick) containing the oxygen. The physical properties and chemical reactivity of these fibers are distinctly different from that of bulk silicon carbide. Direct measurement of the alloy composition and analysis of the microstructure has allowed the dissolution reaction to be identified and a lower limit for the SiC activity in the nanocrystalline form to be determined. A second method of measuring grain boundary properties we have investigated for nanocrystalline Si and TiO{sub 2} is high temperature calorimetry. In appropriate samples the grain boundary enthalpy can be measured through the heat evolved during grain growth. Preliminary results on nanocrystalline Si prepared by the recrystallization of amorphous evaporated films and on TiO{sub 2} condensed from the vapor phase are discussed. 29 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.
Transmission Line Boundary Protection Using Wavelet Transform and Neural Network
use data from two ends. The non-unit protection such as distance relay, can not protect the entire end only. In this case, the relay at one end can protect the entire line length with no intentional1 Transmission Line Boundary Protection Using Wavelet Transform and Neural Network Nan Zhang
On Boundary Control Problems in Slow Processes for Piezothermoelastic Plates
Adriano Montanaro
2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a piezothermoelastic panel occupied by a material of hexagonal crystal class. We study the response when the boundary conditions vary very slowly with time and one of the bounding faces is subject to thermal exposure. We show that in some cases the temperature on the other bounding face can be controlled by the difference of electric potential between the faces.
Constructing a class of solutions for the Hamilton-Jacobi equation in field theory
Danilo Bruno
2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
A new approach leading to the formulation of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for field theories is investigated within the framework of jet-bundles and multi-symplectic manifolds. An algorithm associating classes of solutions to given sets of boundary conditions of the field equations is provided. The paper also puts into evidence the intrinsic limits of the Hamilton-Jacobi method as an algorithm to determine families of solutions of the field equations, showing how the choice of the boundary data is often limited by compatibility conditions.
Integral Operators Basic in Random Fields Estimation Theory
Alexander Kozhevnikov; Alexander G. Ramm
2004-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
The paper deals with the basic integral equation of random field estimation theory by the criterion of minimum of variance of the error estimate. This integral equation is of the first kind. The corresponding integra$ operator over a bounded domain $\\Omega $ in ${\\Bbb R}^{n}$ is weakly singular. This operator is an isomorphism between appropriate Sobolev spaces. This is proved by a reduction of the integral equ$ an elliptic boundary value problem in the domain exterior to $\\Omega .$ Extra difficulties arise due to the fact that the exterior boundary value problem should be solved in the Sobolev spaces of negative order.
The Casimir effect with quantized charged spinor matter in background magnetic field
Yu. A. Sitenko
2015-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
We study the influence of a background uniform magnetic field and boundary conditions on the vacuum of a quantized charged spinor matter field confined between two parallel neutral plates; the magnetic field is directed orthogonally to the plates. The admissible set of boundary conditions at the plates is determined by the requirement that the Dirac Hamiltonian operator be self-adjoint. It is shown that, in the case of a sufficiently strong magnetic field and a sufficiently large separation of the plates, the generalized Casimir force is repulsive, being independent of the choice of a boundary condition, as well as of the distance between the plates. The detection of this effect seems to be feasible in the foreseeable future.
Optimization code with weighting function for the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fields
T. Wiegelmann
2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
We developed a code for the reconstruction of nonlinear force-free and non-force-free coronal magnetic fields. The 3D magnetic field is computed numerically with the help of an optimization principle. The force-free and non-force-free codes are compiled in one program. The force-free approach needs photospheric vector magnetograms as input. The non-force-free code additionally requires the line-of-sight integrated coronal density distribution in combination with a tomographic inversion code. Previously the optimization approach has been used to compute magnetic fields using all six boundaries of a computational box. Here we extend this method and show how the coronal magnetic field can be reconstructed only from the bottom boundary, where the boundary conditions are measured with vector magnetographs. The program is planed for use within the Stereo mission.
Smooth Field Theories and Homotopy Field Theories
Wilder, Alan Cameron
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
CHAPTER 3. FIELD THEORIES Definition 3.2.1. A smooth fielda ’top down’ definition of field theories. Taking as ourin the following. Definition A field theory is a symmetric
Yang, Zhiguo; Rong, Zhijian; Wang, Bo; Zhang, Baile
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we present an efficient spectral-element method (SEM) for solving general two-dimensional Helmholtz equations in anisotropic media, with particular applications in accurate simulation of polygonal invisibility cloaks, concentrators and circular rotators arisen from the field of transformation electromagnetics (TE). In practice, we adopt a transparent boundary condition (TBC) characterized by the Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DtN) map to reduce wave propagation in an unbounded domain to a bounded domain. We then introduce a semi-analytic technique to integrate the global TBC with local curvilinear elements seamlessly, which is accomplished by using a novel elemental mapping and analytic formulas for evaluating global Fourier coefficients on spectral-element grids exactly. From the perspective of TE, an invisibility cloak is devised by a singular coordinate transformation of Maxwell's equations that leads to anisotropic materials coating the cloaked region to render any object inside invisible to observe...
Accurate Wind Characterization in Complex Terrain Using the Immersed Boundary Method
Lundquist, K A; Chow, F K; Lundquist, J K; Kosovic, B
2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes an immersed boundary method (IBM) that facilitates the explicit resolution of complex terrain within the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Two different interpolation methods, trilinear and inverse distance weighting, are used at the core of the IBM algorithm. Functional aspects of the algorithm's implementation and the accuracy of results are considered. Simulations of flow over a three-dimensional hill with shallow terrain slopes are preformed with both WRF's native terrain-following coordinate and with both IB methods. Comparisons of flow fields from the three simulations show excellent agreement, indicating that both IB methods produce accurate results. However, when ease of implementation is considered, inverse distance weighting is superior. Furthermore, inverse distance weighting is shown to be more adept at handling highly complex urban terrain, where the trilinear interpolation algorithm breaks down. This capability is demonstrated by using the inverse distance weighting core of the IBM to model atmospheric flow in downtown Oklahoma City.
Coupled Mesoscale-Large-Eddy Modeling of Realistic Stable Boundary Layer Turbulence
Wang, Yao; Manuel, Lance
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Site-specific flow and turbulence information are needed for various practical applications, ranging from aerodynamic/aeroelastic modeling for wind turbine design to optical diffraction calculations. Even though highly desirable, collecting on-site meteorological measurements can be an expensive, time-consuming, and sometimes a challenging task. In this work, we propose a coupled mesoscale-large-eddy modeling framework to synthetically generate site-specific flow and turbulence data. The workhorses behind our framework are a state-of-the-art, open-source atmospheric model called the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and a tuning-free large-eddy simulation (LES) model. Using this coupled framework, we simulate a nighttime stable boundary layer (SBL) case from the well-known CASES-99 field campaign. One of the unique aspects of this work is the usage of a diverse range of observations for characterization and validation. The coupled models reproduce certain characteristics of observed low-level jets....
Tackley, Paul J.
The interaction between the post-perovskite phase change and a thermo-chemical boundary layer near convection with the newly-discovered post-perovskite (PPV) phase change are used to characterize its depth. The strongly exothermic nature of the post-perovskite phase change induces an anti
Aleph Field Solver Challenge Problem Results Summary.
Hooper, Russell; Moore, Stan Gerald
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Aleph models continuum electrostatic and steady and transient thermal fields using a finite-element method. Much work has gone into expanding the core solver capability to support enriched mod- eling consisting of multiple interacting fields, special boundary conditions and two-way interfacial coupling with particles modeled using Aleph's complementary particle-in-cell capability. This report provides quantitative evidence for correct implementation of Aleph's field solver via order- of-convergence assessments on a collection of problems of increasing complexity. It is intended to provide Aleph with a pedigree and to establish a basis for confidence in results for more challeng- ing problems important to Sandia's mission that Aleph was specifically designed to address.
Lunquist, K A; Chow, F K; Lundquist, J K; Mirocha, J D
2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
Flow and dispersion processes in urban areas are profoundly influenced by the presence of buildings which divert mean flow, affect surface heating and cooling, and alter the structure of turbulence in the lower atmosphere. Accurate prediction of velocity, temperature, and turbulent kinetic energy fields are necessary for determining the transport and dispersion of scalars. Correct predictions of scalar concentrations are vital in densely populated urban areas where they are used to aid in emergency response planning for accidental or intentional releases of hazardous substances. Traditionally, urban flow simulations have been performed by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes which can accommodate the geometric complexity inherent to urban landscapes. In these types of models the grid is aligned with the solid boundaries, and the boundary conditions are applied to the computational nodes coincident with the surface. If the CFD code uses a structured curvilinear mesh, then time-consuming manual manipulation is needed to ensure that the mesh conforms to the solid boundaries while minimizing skewness. If the CFD code uses an unstructured grid, then the solver cannot be optimized for the underlying data structure which takes an irregular form. Unstructured solvers are therefore often slower and more memory intensive than their structured counterparts. Additionally, urban-scale CFD models are often forced at lateral boundaries with idealized flow, neglecting dynamic forcing due to synoptic scale weather patterns. These CFD codes solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations and include limited options for representing atmospheric processes such as surface fluxes and moisture. Traditional CFD codes therefore posses several drawbacks, due to the expense of either creating the grid or solving the resulting algebraic system of equations, and due to the idealized boundary conditions and the lack of full atmospheric physics. Meso-scale atmospheric boundary layer simulations, on the other hand, are performed by numerical weather prediction (NWP) codes, which cannot handle the geometry of the urban landscape, but do provide a more complete representation of atmospheric physics. NWP codes typically use structured grids with terrain-following vertical coordinates, include a full suite of atmospheric physics parameterizations, and allow for dynamic synoptic scale lateral forcing through grid nesting. Terrain following grids are unsuitable for urban terrain, as steep terrain gradients cause extreme distortion of the computational cells. In this work, we introduce and develop an immersed boundary method (IBM) to allow the favorable properties of a numerical weather prediction code to be combined with the ability to handle complex terrain. IBM uses a non-conforming structured grid, and allows solid boundaries to pass through the computational cells. As the terrain passes through the mesh in an arbitrary manner, the main goal of the IBM is to apply the boundary condition on the interior of the domain as accurately as possible. With the implementation of the IBM, numerical weather prediction codes can be used to explicitly resolve urban terrain. Heterogeneous urban domains using the IBM can be nested into larger mesoscale domains using a terrain-following coordinate. The larger mesoscale domain provides lateral boundary conditions to the urban domain with the correct forcing, allowing seamless integration between mesoscale and urban scale models. Further discussion of the scope of this project is given by Lundquist et al. [2007]. The current paper describes the implementation of an IBM into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, which is an open source numerical weather prediction code. The WRF model solves the non-hydrostatic compressible Navier-Stokes equations, and employs an isobaric terrain-following vertical coordinate. Many types of IB methods have been developed by researchers; a comprehensive review can be found in Mittal and Iaccarino [2005]. To the authors knowledge, this is the first IBM approach that is able to
Accelerated boundary integral method for multiphase flow in non-periodic geometries
Amit Kumar; Michael D. Graham
2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z
An accelerated boundary integral method for Stokes flow of a suspension of deformable particles is presented for an arbitrary domain and implemented for the important case of a planar slit geometry. The computational complexity of the algorithm scales as O(N) or $O(N\\log N$), where $N$ is proportional to the product of number of particles and the number of elements employed to discretize the particle. This technique is enabled by the use of an alternative boundary integral formulation in which the velocity field is expressed in terms of a single layer integral alone, even in problems with non-matched viscosities. The density of the single layer integral is obtained from a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind involving the double layer integral. Acceleration in this implementation is provided by the use of General Geometry Ewald-like method (GGEM) for computing the velocity and stress fields driven by a set of point forces in the geometry of interest. For the particular case of the slit geometry, a Fourier-Chebyshev spectral discretization of GGEM is developed. Efficient implementations employing the GGEM methodology are presented for the resulting single and the double layer integrals. The implementation is validated with test problems on the velocity of rigid particles and drops between parallel walls in pressure driven flow, the Taylor deformation parameter of capsules in simple shear flow and the particle trajectory in pair collisions of capsules in shear flow. The computational complexity of the algorithm is verified with results from several large scale multiparticle simulations.
Observation of low magnetic field density peaks in helicon plasma
Barada, Kshitish K.; Chattopadhyay, P. K.; Ghosh, J.; Kumar, Sunil; Saxena, Y. C. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)
2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Single density peak has been commonly observed in low magnetic field (<100 G) helicon discharges. In this paper, we report the observations of multiple density peaks in low magnetic field (<100 G) helicon discharges produced in the linear helicon plasma device [Barada et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 063501 (2012)]. Experiments are carried out using argon gas with m = +1 right helical antenna operating at 13.56 MHz by varying the magnetic field from 0 G to 100 G. The plasma density varies with varying the magnetic field at constant input power and gas pressure and reaches to its peak value at a magnetic field value of {approx}25 G. Another peak of smaller magnitude in density has been observed near 50 G. Measurement of amplitude and phase of the axial component of the wave using magnetic probes for two magnetic field values corresponding to the observed density peaks indicated the existence of radial modes. Measured parallel wave number together with the estimated perpendicular wave number suggests oblique mode propagation of helicon waves along the resonance cone boundary for these magnetic field values. Further, the observations of larger floating potential fluctuations measured with Langmuir probes at those magnetic field values indicate that near resonance cone boundary; these electrostatic fluctuations take energy from helicon wave and dump power to the plasma causing density peaks.
Deriving Potential Coronal Magnetic Fields from Vector Magnetograms
Welsch, Brian T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The minimum-energy configuration for the magnetic field above the solar photosphere is curl-free (hence, by Ampere's law, also current-free), so can be represented as the gradient of a scalar potential. Since magnetic fields are divergence free, this scalar potential obeys Laplace's equation, given an appropriate boundary condition (BC). With measurements of the full magnetic vector at the photosphere, it is possible to employ either Neumann or Dirichlet BCs there. Historically, the Neumann BC was used, since available line-of-sight magnetic field measurements approximated the radial field needed for the Neumann BC. Since each BC fully determines the 3D vector magnetic field, either choice will, in general, be inconsistent with some aspect of the observed field on the boundary, due to the presence of both currents and noise in the observed field. We present a method to combine solutions from both Dirichlet and Neumann BCs to determine a hybrid potential field that minimizes the integrated square of the residu...
Inflation and deformation of conformal field theory
Garriga, Jaume; Urakawa, Yuko, E-mail: jaume.garriga@ub.edu, E-mail: yurakawa@ffn.ub.es [Departament de Física Fonamental i Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona (Spain)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
It has recently been suggested that a strongly coupled phase of inflation may be described holographically in terms of a weakly coupled quantum field theory (QFT). Here, we explore the possibility that the wave function of an inflationary universe may be given by the partition function of a boundary QFT. We consider the case when the field theory is a small deformation of a conformal field theory (CFT), by the addition of a relevant operator O, and calculate the primordial spectrum predicted in the corresponding holographic inflation scenario. Using the Ward-Takahashi identity associated with Weyl rescalings, we derive a simple relation between correlators of the curvature perturbation ? and correlators of the deformation operator O at the boundary. This is done without specifying the bulk theory of gravitation, so that the result would also apply to cases where the bulk dynamics is strongly coupled. We comment on the validity of the Suyama-Yamaguchi inequality, relating the bi-spectrum and tri-spectrum of the curvature perturbation.
Higher spins in AdS_5 at one loop: vacuum energy, boundary conformal anomalies and AdS/CFT
M. Beccaria; A. A. Tseytlin
2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z
We consider general-symmetry higher spin fields in AdS_5 and derive expressions for their one-loop corrections to vacuum energy E and the associated 4d boundary conformal anomaly a-coefficient. We a propose a similar expression for the second conformal anomaly c-coefficient. We show that all the three quantities (E, a, c) computed for N=8 gauged 5d supergravity are -1/2 of the values for N=4 conformal 4d supergravity and also twice the values for N=4 Maxwell multiplet. This gives 5d derivation of the fact that the system of N=4 conformal supergravity and four N=4 Maxwell multiplets is anomaly free. The values of (E, a, c) for the states at level p of Kaluza-Klein tower of 10d type IIB supergravity compactified on S^5 turn out to be equal to those for p copies of N=4 Maxwell multiplets. This may be related to the fact that these states appear in the tensor product of p superdoubletons. Under a natural regularization of the sum over p, the full 10d supergravity contribution is then minus that of the Maxwell multiplet, in agreement with the standard adjoint AdS/CFT duality (SU(n) SYM contribution is n^2-1 of one Maxwell multiplet). We also verify the matching of (E, a, c) for spin 0 and 1/2 boundary theory cases of vectorial AdS/CFT duality. The consistency conditions for vectorial AdS/CFT turn out to be equivalent to the cancellation of anomalies in the closely related 4d conformal higher spin theories. In addition, we study novel example of vectorial AdS/CFT duality when the boundary theory is described by free spin 1 fields and is dual to a particular higher spin theory in AdS_5 containing fields in mixed-symmetry representations. We also discuss its supersymmetric generalizations.
Chen, Long-Qing
Phase-field modeling of corrosion kinetics under dual-oxidants This article has been downloaded 310 stainless steel at 875 C with the experimentally determined kinetic boundary [1]. phase boundaries and experimentally observed ones. One such example is the corrosion of 310 type stainless steel exposed to dual
Steiner, Ullrich
-Watt University) http://www.journaltocs.ac.uk/ #12;HADDON LIBRARY BLISS CLASSIFICATION Overleaf is an outlineHADDON LIBRARY OF ARCHAEOLOGY & ANTHROPOLOGY The Haddon Library is an important collection of published material in the field of archaeology and anthropology. The library holds around 66,000 items
Title: Boundary File: GTHA (Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area) Data Creator /
of Natural Resources 2012 Municipal Boundary shapefiles: Municipal Boundary Upper Tier and District Data Type: Digital Vector Data Format: Shapefile Datum / Map Projection: WGS84 / UTM (17) Resolution: N
An evaluation of grain boundary engineering technology and processing scale-up
Zelinski, Jeffrey A
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Grain boundary engineering is the manipulation of low stacking-fault energy, face- centered cubic material microstructures to break the connectivity of the general grain boundary network through the addition of special ...
An Examination of Configurations for Using Infrared to Measure Boundary Layer Transition
Freels, Justin Reed
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Infrared transition location estimates can be fast and useful measurements in wind tunnel and flight tests. Because turbulent boundary layers have a much higher rate of convective heat transfer than laminar boundary layers, a difference in surface...
Oil and Gas field code master list 1995
NONE
1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This is the fourteenth annual edition of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Oil and Gas Field Code Master List. It reflects data collected through October 1995 and provides standardized field name spellings and codes for all identified oil and/or gas fields in the US. The Field Code Index, a listing of all field names and the States in which they occur, ordered by field code, has been removed from this year`s publications to reduce printing and postage costs. Complete copies (including the Field Code Index) will be available on the EIA CD-ROM and the EIA World-Wide Web Site. Future editions of the complete Master List will be available on CD-ROM and other electronic media. There are 57,400 field records in this year`s Oil and Gas Field Code Master List. As it is maintained by EIA, the Master List includes the following: field records for each State and county in which a field resides; field records for each offshore area block in the Gulf of Mexico in which a field resides; field records for each alias field name (see definition of alias below); and fields crossing State boundaries that may be assigned different names by the respective State naming authorities. Taking into consideration the double-counting of fields under such circumstances, EIA identifies 46,312 distinct fields in the US as of October 1995. This count includes fields that no longer produce oil or gas, and 383 fields used in whole or in part for oil or gas Storage. 11 figs., 6 tabs.
Cumulative theoretical uncertainties in lithium depletion boundary age
Tognelli, Emanuele; Degl'Innocenti, Scilla
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We performed a detailed analysis of the main theoretical uncertainties affecting the age at the lithium depletion boundary (LDB). To do that we computed almost 12000 pre-main sequence models with mass in the range [0.06, 0.4] M_sun by varying input physics (nuclear reaction cross-sections, plasma electron screening, outer boundary conditions, equation of state, and radiative opacity), initial chemical elements abundances (total metallicity, helium and deuterium abundances, and heavy elements mixture), and convection efficiency (mixing length parameter, alpha_ML). As a first step, we studied the effect of varying these quantities individually within their extreme values. Then, we analysed the impact of simultaneously perturbing the main input/parameters without an a priori assumption of independence. Such an approach allowed us to build for the first time the cumulative error stripe, which defines the edges of the maximum uncertainty region in the theoretical LDB age. We found that the cumulative error stripe ...
Warm Bias and Parameterization of Boundary Upwelling in Ocean Models
Cessi, Paola; Wolfe, Christopher
2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
It has been demonstrated that Eastern Boundary Currents (EBC) are a baroclinic intensification of the interior circulation of the ocean due to the emergence of mesoscale eddies in response to the sharp buoyancy gradients driven by the wind-stress and the thermal surface forcing. The eddies accomplish the heat and salt transport necessary to insure that the subsurface flow is adiabatic, compensating for the heat and salt transport effected by the mean currents. The EBC thus generated occurs on a cross-shore scale of order 20-100 km, and thus this scale needs to be resolved in climate models in order to capture the meridional transport by the EBC. Our result indicate that changes in the near shore currents on the oceanic eastern boundaries are linked not just to local forcing, such as coastal changes in the winds, but depend on the basin-wide circulation as well.
Boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and fusion
Nicolai Reshetikhin; Jasper Stokman; Bart Vlaar
2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we extend our previous results concerning Jackson integral solutions of the boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations with diagonal K-operators to higher-spin representations of quantum affine $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$. First we give a systematic exposition of known results on $R$-operators acting in the tensor product of evaluation representations in Verma modules over quantum $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$. We develop the corresponding fusion of $K$-operators, which we use to construct diagonal $K$-operators in these representations. We construct Jackson integral solutions of the associated boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and explain how in the finite-dimensional case they can be obtained from our previous results by the fusion procedure.
Applications of Fourier analysis in homogenization and boundary layer
Aleksanyan, Hayk; Sjölin, Per
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we prove convergence results for the boundary layer homogenization problem for solutions of partial differential system with rapidly oscillating Dirichlet data. Our method is based on analysis of oscillatory integrals. In the uniformly convex regime and smooth boundaries we prove pointwise as well as $L^p$ convergence results. Namely, we prove $|u_{\\e}(x)-u_0 (x)| \\leq C_{\\kappa} \\e^{(d-1)/2}\\frac{1}{d(x)^{\\kappa}}$, $\\forall x\\in D$, $ \\forall \\ \\kappa>d-1$, and for $1\\leq pboundary of $D$. In particular for $p=2$ our result relates to the recent result of D. G\\'{e}rarad-Varet and N. Masmoudi \\cite{GM}.
Accumulating Particles at the Boundaries of a Laminar Flow
Michael Schindler; Peter Talkner; Marcin Kostur; Peter Hanggi
2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
The accumulation of small particles is analyzed in stationary flows through channels of variable width at small Reynolds number. The combined influence of pressure, viscous drag and thermal fluctuations is described by means of a Fokker-Planck equation for the particle density. It is shown that in the limit of vanishing particle size a uniform particle distribution is always approached in the long time limit. For extended spherical particles, conditions are specified that lead to inhomogeneous densities and consequently to particle accumulation and depletion. Hereby the boundary conditions for the particle density play a decisive role: The centers of spherical particles must keep the minimal distance of their radius from the fluid boundaries. The normal components of the forces acting on the sphere then may assume finite values which are diffusively transported into the bulk of the fluid.
Dmitriev, A V; Tsai, L -C
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Experimental data from a constellation of five NOAA POES satellites were used for studying the penetration of solar energetic particles (SEP) to high latitudes during long-lasting SEP events on December 5 to 15, 2006. We determined cutoff latitudes for electrons with energies >100 keV and > 300 keV, and protons with energies from 240 keV to >140 MeV. The large number of satellites allowed us to derive snap shots of the cutoff boundaries with 1-hour time resolution. The boundaries were fitted well by ellipses. Based on the elliptical approach, we developed a model of cutoff latitudes for protons and electrons in the northern and southern hemispheres. The cutoff latitude is represented as a function of rigidity, R, of particles, MLT, geomagnetic indices: Dst, Kp, AE, and dipole tilt angle PS. The model predicts tailward and duskward shifting of the cutoff boundaries in relation to intensification of the cross-tail current, field-aligned currents, and symmetrical and asymmetrical parts of the ring current. The m...
Ergodic Boundary/Point Control of Stochastic Semilinear Systems
Duncan, T. E.; Maslowski, Bozenna J.
1998-03-05T23:59:59.000Z
is shown to depend continuously on the system parameter. Key words. ergodic control, stochastic semilinear equations, Markov processes in Hilbert spaces, invariant measures, boundary control AMS subject classi#12;cations. 93E20, 93C20, 60H15 PII. S...0363012996303190 1. Introduction. An ergodic control problem for a stochastic process in a Hilbert space H is formulated and solved where the process is a solution of a parameter- dependent semilinear stochastic di#11;erential equation in H. The problem...
Ergodic boundary/point control of stochastic semilinear systems
Duncan, Tyrone E.; Maslowski, B.; Pasik-Duncan, B.
1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
is shown to depend continuously on the system parameter. Key words. ergodic control, stochastic semilinear equations, Markov processes in Hilbert spaces, invariant measures, boundary control AMS subject classi#12;cations. 93E20, 93C20, 60H15 PII. S...0363012996303190 1. Introduction. An ergodic control problem for a stochastic process in a Hilbert space H is formulated and solved where the process is a solution of a parameter- dependent semilinear stochastic di#11;erential equation in H. The problem...
Vanishing viscosity and the accumulation of vorticity on the boundary
James P. Kelliher
2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
We say that the vanishing viscosity limit holds in the classical sense if the velocity for a solution to the Navier-Stokes equations converges in the energy norm uniformly in time to the velocity for a solution to the Euler equations. We prove, for a bounded domain in dimension 2 or higher, that the vanishing viscosity limit holds in the classical sense if and only if a vortex sheet forms on the boundary.
On Lyapunov boundary control of unstable magnetohydrodynamic plasmas
Tasso, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Euratom Association, 85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Throumoulopoulos, G. N. [Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, Association Euratom-Hellenic Republic, GR 451 10 Ioannina (Greece)
2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
Starting from a simple, marginally stable model considered for Lyapunov based boundary control of flexible mechanical systems, we add a term driving an instability and prove that for an appropriate control condition the system can become Lyapunov stable. A similar approximate extension is found for the general energy principle of linearized magnetohydrodynamics. The implementation of such external instantaneous actions may, however, impose challenging constraints for fusion plasmas.
On the extraction of spectral quantities with open boundary conditions
Mattia Bruno; Piotr Korcyl; Tomasz Korzec; Stefano Lottini; Stefan Schaefer
2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss methods to extract decay constants, meson masses and gluonic observables in the presence of open boundary conditions. The ensembles have been generated by the CLS effort and have 2+1 flavors of O(a)-improved Wilson fermions with a small twisted-mass term as proposed by L\\"uscher and Palombi. We analyse the effect of the associated reweighting factors on the computation of different observables.
Intergranular degradation assessment via random grain boundary network analysis
Kumar, Mukul (San Ramon, CA); Schwartz, Adam J. (Pleasanton, CA); King, Wayne E. (San Ramon, CA)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method is disclosed for determining the resistance of polycrystalline materials to intergranular degradation or failure (IGDF), by analyzing the random grain boundary network connectivity (RGBNC) microstructure. Analysis of the disruption of the RGBNC microstructure may be assess the effectiveness of materials processing in increasing IGDF resistance. Comparison of the RGBNC microstructures of materials exposed to extreme operating conditions to unexposed materials may be used to diagnose and predict possible onset of material failure due to
Heterotic $?$'-corrections in Double Field Theory
Oscar A. Bedoya; Diego Marques; Carmen Nunez
2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the generalized flux formulation of Double Field Theory to include all the first order bosonic contributions to the $\\alpha '$ expansion of the heterotic string low energy effective theory. The generalized tangent space and duality group are enhanced by $\\alpha'$ corrections, and the gauge symmetries are generated by the usual (gauged) generalized Lie derivative in the extended space. The generalized frame receives derivative corrections through the spin connection with torsion, which is incorporated as a new degree of freedom in the extended bein. We compute the generalized fluxes and find the Riemann curvature tensor with torsion as one of their components. All the four-derivative terms of the action, Bianchi identities and equations of motion are reproduced. Using this formalism, we obtain the first order $\\alpha'$ corrections to the heterotic Buscher rules. The relation of our results to alternative formulations in the literature is discussed and future research directions are outlined.
Accumulation on the boundary for one-dimensional stochastic particle system
V. A. Malyshev; A. A. Zamyatin
2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
We consider infinite particle system on the positive half-line moving independently of each other. When a particle hits the boundary it immediately disappears, and the boundary moves to the right on some fixed quantity (particle size). We study the speed of the boundary movement (growth). Possible applications - dynamics of the traffic jam growth, growth of thrombus, epitaxy. Nontrivial mathematics is related to the correlation between particle dynamics and boundary growth.
Internal split field generator
Thundat; Thomas George (Knoxville, TN); Van Neste, Charles W. (Kingston, TN); Vass, Arpad Alexander (Oak Ridge, TN)
2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
A generator includes a coil of conductive material. A stationary magnetic field source applies a stationary magnetic field to the coil. An internal magnetic field source is disposed within a cavity of the coil to apply a moving magnetic field to the coil. The stationary magnetic field interacts with the moving magnetic field to generate an electrical energy in the coil.
Coupled wake boundary layer model of wind-farms
Stevens, Richard J A M; Meneveau, Charles
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present and test a coupled wake boundary layer (CWBL) model that describes the distribution of the power output in a wind-farm. The model couples the traditional, industry-standard wake expansion/superposition approach with a top-down model for the overall wind-farm boundary layer structure. The wake expansion/superposition model captures the effect of turbine positioning, while the top-down portion adds the interaction between the wind-turbine wakes and the atmospheric boundary layer. Each portion of the model requires specification of a parameter that is not known a-priori. For the wake model the wake expansion coefficient is required, while the top-down model requires an effective span-wise turbine spacing within which the model's momentum balance is relevant. The wake expansion coefficient is obtained by matching the predicted mean velocity at the turbine from both approaches, while the effective span-wise turbine spacing depends on turbine positioning and thus can be determined from the wake expansion...
Improving Subtropical Boundary Layer Cloudiness in the 2011 NCEP GFS
Fletcher, J. K.; Bretherton, Christopher S.; Xiao, Heng; Sun, Ruiyu N.; Han, J.
2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
The current operational version of National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Forecasting System (GFS) shows significant low cloud bias. These biases also appear in the Coupled Forecast System (CFS), which is developed from the GFS. These low cloud biases degrade seasonal and longer climate forecasts, particularly of short-wave cloud radiative forcing, and affect predicted sea surface temperature. Reducing this bias in the GFS will aid the development of future CFS versions and contributes to NCEP's goal of unified weather and climate modelling. Changes are made to the shallow convection and planetary boundary layer parameterisations to make them more consistent with current knowledge of these processes and to reduce the low cloud bias. These changes are tested in a single-column version of GFS and in global simulations with GFS coupled to a dynamical ocean model. In the single-column model, we focus on changing parameters that set the following: the strength of shallow cumulus lateral entrainment, the conversion of updraught liquid water to precipitation and grid-scale condensate, shallow cumulus cloud top, and the effect of shallow convection in stratocumulus environments. Results show that these changes improve the single-column simulations when compared to large eddy simulations, in particular through decreasing the precipitation efficiency of boundary layer clouds. These changes, combined with a few other model improvements, also reduce boundary layer cloud and albedo biases in global coupled simulations.
Gapped Domain Walls, Gapped Boundaries and Topological Degeneracy
Tian Lan; Juven Wang; Xiao-Gang Wen
2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
Gapped domain walls, as topological line defects between 2+1D topologically ordered states, are examined. We provide simple criteria to determine the existence of gapped domain walls, which apply to both Abelian and non-Abelian topological orders. Our criteria also determine which 2+1D topological orders must have gapless edge modes, namely which 1+1D global gravitational anomalies ensure gaplessness. Furthermore, we introduce a new mathematical object, the tunneling matrix $\\mathcal W$, whose entries are the fusion-space dimensions $\\mathcal W_{ia}$, to label different types of gapped domain walls. By studying many examples, we find evidence that the tunneling matrices are powerful quantities to classify different types of gapped domain walls. Since a gapped boundary is a gapped domain wall between a bulk topological order and the vacuum, regarded as the trivial topological order, our theory of gapped domain walls inclusively contains the theory of gapped boundaries. In addition, we derive a topological ground state degeneracy formula, applied to arbitrary orientable spatial 2-manifolds with gapped domain walls, including closed 2-manifolds and open 2-manifolds with gapped boundaries.
Stability boundaries for wrinkling in highly stretched elastic sheets
Qingdu Li; Timothy J. Healey
2015-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
We determine stability boundaries for the wrinkling of highly uni-directionally stretched, finely thin, rectangular elastic sheets. For a given fine thickness and length, a stability boundary here is a curve in the parameter plane, aspect ratio vs. the macroscopic strain; the values on one side of the boundary are associated with a flat, unwrinkled state, while wrinkled configurations correspond to all values on the other. In our recent work we demonstrated the importance of finite elasticity in the membrane part of such a model in order to capture the correct phenomena. Here we present and compare results for four distinct models:(i) the popular F\\"oppl-von K\\'arm\\'an plate model (FvK), (ii) a correction of the latter, used in our earlier work, in which the approximate 2D F\\"oppl strain tensor is replaced by the exact Green strain tensor, (iii) and (iv): effective 2D finite-elasticity membrane models based on 3D incompressible neo-Hookean and Mooney-Rivlin materials, respectively. In particular, (iii) and (iv) are superior models for elastomers. The 2D nonlinear, hyperelastic models (ii)-(iv) all incorporate the same quadratic bending energy used in FvK. Our results illuminate serious shortcomings of the latter in this problem, while also pointing to inaccuracies of model (ii), in spite of yielding the correct qualitative phenomena in our earlier work. In each of these, the shortcoming is a due to a deficiency of the membrane part of the model.
Recursive recovery of Markov transition probabilities from boundary value data
Patch, S.K.
1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
In an effort to mathematically describe the anisotropic diffusion of infrared radiation in biological tissue Gruenbaum posed an anisotropic diffusion boundary value problem in 1989. In order to accommodate anisotropy, he discretized the temporal as well as the spatial domain. The probabilistic interpretation of the diffusion equation is retained; radiation is assumed to travel according to a random walk (of sorts). In this random walk the probabilities with which photons change direction depend upon their previous as well as present location. The forward problem gives boundary value data as a function of the Markov transition probabilities. The inverse problem requires finding the transition probabilities from boundary value data. Problems in the plane are studied carefully in this thesis. Consistency conditions amongst the data are derived. These conditions have two effects: they prohibit inversion of the forward map but permit smoothing of noisy data. Next, a recursive algorithm which yields a family of solutions to the inverse problem is detailed. This algorithm takes advantage of all independent data and generates a system of highly nonlinear algebraic equations. Pluecker-Grassmann relations are instrumental in simplifying the equations. The algorithm is used to solve the 4 {times} 4 problem. Finally, the smallest nontrivial problem in three dimensions, the 2 {times} 2 {times} 2 problem, is solved.
A spectral boundary integral method for flowing blood cells Hong Zhao a
Olson, Luke
A spectral boundary integral method for flowing blood cells Hong Zhao a , Amir H.G. Isfahani January 2010 Keywords: Stokes flow Particle-mesh Ewald Red blood cells Spherical harmonics Boundary element methods a b s t r a c t A spectral boundary integral method for simulating large numbers of blood
Boundary energy of the open XXZ chain from new exact solutions
Rajan Murgan; Rafael I. Nepomechie; Chi Shi
2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
Bethe Ansatz solutions of the open spin-1/2 integrable XXZ quantum spin chain at roots of unity with nondiagonal boundary terms containing two free boundary parameters have recently been proposed. We use these solutions to compute the boundary energy (surface energy) in the thermodynamic limit.
Coremantle boundary topography as a possible constraint on lower mantle chemistry and dynamics
Rhoads, James
Coremantle boundary topography as a possible constraint on lower mantle chemistry and dynamics November 2009 Editor: Y. Ricard Keywords: mantle convection coremantle boundary CMB topography), each of which uniquely affects the topography on Earth's coremantle boundary (CMB). The thermochemical
Uranium vacancy mobility at the ?5 symmetric tilt and ?5 twist grain boundaries in UO?
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Uberuaga, Blas Pedro; Andersson, David A.
2015-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ionic transport at grain boundaries in oxides dictates a number of important phenomena, from ionic conductivity to sintering to creep. For nuclear fuels, it also influences fission gas bubble nucleation and growth. Here, using a combination of atomistic calculations and object kinetic Monte Carlo (okMC) simulations, we examine the kinetic pathways associated with uranium vacancies at two model grain boundaries in UO2. The barriers for vacancy motion were calculated using the nudged elastic band method at all uranium sites at each grain boundary and were used as the basis of the okMC simulations. For both boundaries considered – a simplemore »tilt and a simple twist boundary – the mobility of uranium vacancies is significantly higher than in the bulk. For the tilt boundary, there is clearly preferred migration along the tilt axis as opposed to in the perpendicular direction while, for the twist boundary, migration is essentially isotropic within the boundary plane. These results show that cation defect mobility in fluorite-structured materials is enhanced at certain types of grain boundaries and is dependent on the boundary structure with the tilt boundary exhibiting higher rates of migration than the twist boundary.« less
A case study of boundary layer ventilation by convection and coastal processes
Dacre, Helen
a regional or even a global problem. Therefore boundary layer ventilation is a key process in linking localA case study of boundary layer ventilation by convection and coastal processes H. F. Dacre,1 S. L; published 12 September 2007. [1] It is often assumed that ventilation of the atmospheric boundary layer
Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly
Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly Circular Plasmaboundary, highbeta equi libria in large aspect ratio tokamaks with a nearly circular plasma boundary in tokamaks for the purpose of developing an economic fusion reactor. It has long been recognized
SAID/SAPSrelated VLF waves and the outer radiation belt boundary
Santolik, Ondrej
SAID/SAPSrelated VLF waves and the outer radiation belt boundary Evgeny Mishin,1 Jay Albert,1 for the alteration of the outer radiation belt boundary during (sub)storms. Citation: Mishin, E., J. Albert, and O. Santolik (2011), SAID/SAPSrelated VLF waves and the outer radiation belt boundary, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38
Matched interface and boundary (MIB) method for elliptic problems with sharp-edged interfaces
Zhou, Yongcheng
Matched interface and boundary (MIB) method for elliptic problems with sharp-edged interfaces with sharp-edged interfaces, thin-layered interfaces and interfaces that intersect with geometric boundary. This work generalizes the matched interface and boundary (MIB) method previously designed for solving
Relative grain boundary area and energy distributions in nickel Jia Li, Shen J. Dillon 1
Rohrer, Gregory S.
Relative grain boundary area and energy distributions in nickel Jia Li, Shen J. Dillon 1 , Gregory crystallographic parameters, a quantity that will be referred to as the grain boundary energy distribution (GBED20]. The first comprehensive measurement of the grain boundary energy distribution was carried out for Mg
An Embedded Boundary Integral Solver for the Unsteady Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations1
Zorin, Denis
An Embedded Boundary Integral Solver for the Unsteady Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations1-Stokes operator discretization is done using boundary integrals and structured-grid finite elements. We use a two is formulated as a double-layer boundary integral equation. Domain integrals are computed via finite elements
A fast multipole boundary element method for solving the thin plate bending problem
Liu, Yijun
A fast multipole boundary element method for solving the thin plate bending problem S. Huang, Y: Fast multipole method Boundary element method Thin plate bending problem a b s t r a c t A fast multipole boundary element method (BEM) for solving large-scale thin plate bending problems is presented
Numerical Simulations of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer over Sand Ripples
Slinn, Donald
locations. Under conditions of oscillatory potential flow external to the boundary layer causedNumerical Simulations of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer over Sand Ripples by Thomas Pierro A Thesis boundary layer are believed to play a major role in the re-suspension and transport of sediment, as well
Dielectric Boundary Force in Molecular Solvation with the PoissonBoltzmann Free Energy: A Shape
Li, Bo
Dielectric Boundary Force in Molecular Solvation with the PoissonÂBoltzmann Free Energy: A Shape boundary force acting on such a boundary is the negative first variation of the elec- trostatic free energy [17,18,35,43,44]. Such a predefined interface is used to compute the solvation free energy as the sum
A Robust Bayesian Fusion Algorithm for Lane and Pavement boundary detection
Hero, Alfred O.
1 A Robust Bayesian Fusion Algorithm for Lane and Pavement boundary detection Bing Ma, Sridhar Lakshmanan, Alfred O. Hero Abstract In this paper we propose to jointly detect lane and pavement boundaries is employed to locate the lane and pavement boundaries. Since the circular model parameters possess compatible
Rohrer, Gregory S.
-boundary energies is to measure the geometry of the thermal grooves that form where the boundaries intersect a free is the excess free energy per unit area of the ith interface; ti the unit vector that lies in the ith interface) reduces to: gb s = 2 cos s 2 (2) In Eq. (2), the ratio of the grain-boundary excess free energy
H. Itoyama; A. Mironov; A. Morozov
2007-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
We describe an algebro-geometric construction of polygon-bounded minimal surfaces in ADS_5, based on consideration of what we call the "boundary ring" of polynomials. The first non-trivial example of the Nambu-Goto (NG) solutions for Z_6-symmetric hexagon is considered in some detail. Solutions are represented as power series, of which only the first terms are evaluated. The NG equations leave a number of free parameters (a free function). Boundary conditions, which fix the free parameters, are imposed on truncated series. It is still unclear if explicit analytic formulas can be found in this way, but even approximate solutions, obtained by truncation of power series, can be sufficient to investigate the Alday-Maldacena -- BDS/BHT version of the string/gauge duality.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Vogelmann, Andrew M.; Fridlind, Ann M.; Toto, Tami; Endo, Satoshi; Lin, Wuyin; Wang, Jian; Feng, Sha; Zhang, Yunyan; Turner, David D.; Liu, Yangang; et al
2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Observation-based modeling case studies of continental boundary layer clouds have been developed to study cloudy boundary layers, aerosol influences upon them, and their representation in cloud- and global-scale models. Three 60-hour case study periods span the temporal evolution of cumulus, stratiform, and drizzling boundary layer cloud systems, representing mixed and transitional states rather than idealized or canonical cases. Based on in-situ measurements from the RACORO field campaign and remote-sensing observations, the cases are designed with a modular configuration to simplify use in large-eddy simulations (LES) and single-column models. Aircraft measurements of aerosol number size distribution are fit to lognormal functionsmore »for concise representation in models. Values of the aerosol hygroscopicity parameter, ?, are derived from observations to be ~0.10, which are lower than the 0.3 typical over continents and suggestive of a large aerosol organic fraction. Ensemble large-scale forcing datasets are derived from the ARM variational analysis, ECMWF forecasts, and a multi-scale data assimilation system. The forcings are assessed through comparison of measured bulk atmospheric and cloud properties to those computed in 'trial' large-eddy simulations, where more efficient run times are enabled through modest reductions in grid resolution and domain size compared to the full-sized LES grid. Simulations capture many of the general features observed, but the state-of-the-art forcings were limited at representing details of cloud onset, and tight gradients and high-resolution transients of importance. Methods for improving the initial conditions and forcings are discussed. The cases developed are available to the general modeling community for studying continental boundary clouds.« less
Meyer, Christian
: glass, aggregate, pozzolan, ASR, waste legislation, recycling Ewan Byars is the Director of the WRAPABSTRACT. This paper outlines the social, legislative and technical reasons for recycling waste glass, with specific emphasis on its use in concrete as high-value decorative aggregate or cement
Outline c and b Production in p¯p c and b Production in DIS Photoproduction of c and b b Production at HERA Conclusions Heavy Flavor Production at HERA and the Tevatron Bruce Straub, University of Oxford Physics in Collision, Buzios, Brazil , 5-9 July 2006 Heavy Flavor Production at HERA and the Tevatron
Propagator of a Charged Particle with a Spin in Uniform Magnetic and Perpendicular Electric Fields
Ricardo Cordero-Soto; Raquel M. Lopez; Erwin Suazo; Sergei K. Suslov
2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
We construct an explicit solution of the Cauchy initial value problem for the time-dependent Schroedinger equation for a charged particle with a spin moving in a uniform magnetic field and a perpendicular electric field varying with time. The corresponding Green function (propagator) is given in terms of elementary functions and certain integrals of the fields with a characteristic function, which should be found as an analytic or numerical solution of the equation of motion for the classical oscillator with a time-dependent frequency. We discuss a particular solution of a related nonlinear Schroedinger equation and some special and limiting cases are outlined.
Lie Groupoids in Classical Field Theory I: Noether's Theorem
Costa, Bruno T; Pêgas, Luiz Henrique P
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the two papers of this series, we initiate the development of a new approach to implementing the concept of symmetry in classical field theory, based on replacing Lie groups/algebras by Lie groupoids/algebroids, which are the appropriate mathematical tools to describe local symmetries when gauge transformations are combined with space-time transformations. Here, we outline the basis of the program and, as a first step, show how to (re)formulate Noether's theorem about the connection between symmetries and conservation laws in this approach.
Turbine exhaust diffuser with region of reduced flow area and outer boundary gas flow
Orosa, John
2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
An exhaust diffuser system and method for a turbine engine. The outer boundary may include a region in which the outer boundary extends radially inwardly toward the hub structure and may direct at least a portion of an exhaust flow in the diffuser toward the hub structure. At least one gas jet is provided including a jet exit located on the outer boundary. The jet exit may discharge a flow of gas downstream substantially parallel to an inner surface of the outer boundary to direct a portion of the exhaust flow in the diffuser toward the outer boundary to effect a radially outward flow of at least a portion of the exhaust gas flow toward the outer boundary to balance an aerodynamic load between the outer and inner boundaries.
Molecular dynamics simulations of grain boundary thermal resistance in UO2
Tianyi Chen; Di Chen; Bulent H. Sencer; Lin Shao
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
By means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we have calculated Kaptiza resistance of UO2 with or without radiation damage. For coincident site lattice boundaries of different configurations, the boundary thermal resistance of unirradiated UO2 can be well described by a parameter-reduced formula by using boundary energies as variables. We extended the study to defect-loaded UO2 by introducing damage cascades in close vicinity to the boundaries. Following cascade annealing and defect migrations towards grain boundaries, the boundary energy increases and so does Kaptiza resistance. The correlations between these two still follow the same formula extracted from the unirradiated UO2. The finding will benefit multi-scale modeling of UO2 thermal properties under extreme radiation conditions by combining effects from boundary configurations and damage levels.
Cambridge, University of
. Confinement of the Sun's interior magnetic field: some exact boundary-layer solutions T. S. Wood and M. E. Mc. The profiles of velocity and magnetic field within the confinement layer are fixed by two external conditions, solar tachocline, interior magnetic field confinement, Ferraro constraint, helium settling layer, helium
Quantization of exciton in magnetic field background
Pulak Ranjan Giri; S. K. Chakrabarti
2007-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
The possible mismatch between the theoretical and experimental absorption of the edge peaks in semiconductors in a magnetic field background may arise due to the approximation scheme used to analytically calculate the absorption coefficient. As a possible remedy we suggest to consider nontrivial boundary conditions on x-y plane by in-equivalently quantizing the exciton in background magnetic field. This inequivalent quantization is based on von Neumann's method of self-adjoint extension, which is characterized by a parameter \\Sigma. We obtain bound state solution and scattering state solution, which in general depend upon the self-adjoint extension parameter \\Sigma. The parameter \\Sigma can be used to fine tune the optical absorption coefficient K(\\Sigma) to match with the experiment.
Preliminary Phase Field Computational Model Development
Li, Yulan; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Xu, Ke; Suter, Jonathan D.; McCloy, John S.; Johnson, Bradley R.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep
2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
This interim report presents progress towards the development of meso-scale models of magnetic behavior that incorporate microstructural information. Modeling magnetic signatures in irradiated materials with complex microstructures (such as structural steels) is a significant challenge. The complexity is addressed incrementally, using the monocrystalline Fe (i.e., ferrite) film as model systems to develop and validate initial models, followed by polycrystalline Fe films, and by more complicated and representative alloys. In addition, the modeling incrementally addresses inclusion of other major phases (e.g., martensite, austenite), minor magnetic phases (e.g., carbides, FeCr precipitates), and minor nonmagnetic phases (e.g., Cu precipitates, voids). The focus of the magnetic modeling is on phase-field models. The models are based on the numerical solution to the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation. From the computational standpoint, phase-field modeling allows the simulation of large enough systems that relevant defect structures and their effects on functional properties like magnetism can be simulated. To date, two phase-field models have been generated in support of this work. First, a bulk iron model with periodic boundary conditions was generated as a proof-of-concept to investigate major loop effects of single versus polycrystalline bulk iron and effects of single non-magnetic defects. More recently, to support the experimental program herein using iron thin films, a new model was generated that uses finite boundary conditions representing surfaces and edges. This model has provided key insights into the domain structures observed in magnetic force microscopy (MFM) measurements. Simulation results for single crystal thin-film iron indicate the feasibility of the model for determining magnetic domain wall thickness and mobility in an externally applied field. Because the phase-field model dimensions are limited relative to the size of most specimens used in experiments, special experimental methods were devised to create similar boundary conditions in the iron films. Preliminary MFM studies conducted on single and polycrystalline iron films with small sub-areas created with focused ion beam have correlated quite well qualitatively with phase-field simulations. However, phase-field model dimensions are still small relative to experiments thus far. We are in the process of increasing the size of the models and decreasing specimen size so both have identical dimensions. Ongoing research is focused on validation of the phase-field model. Validation is being accomplished through comparison with experimentally obtained MFM images (in progress), and planned measurements of major hysteresis loops and first order reversal curves. Extrapolation of simulation sizes to represent a more stochastic bulk-like system will require sampling of various simulations (i.e., with single non-magnetic defect, single magnetic defect, single grain boundary, single dislocation, etc.) with distributions of input parameters. These outputs can then be compared to laboratory magnetic measurements and ultimately to simulate magnetic Barkhausen noise signals.
Control of stochasticity in magnetic field lines
Cristel Chandre; Michel Vittot; Guido Ciraolo; Philippe Ghendrih; Ricardo Lima
2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
We present a method of control which is able to create barriers to magnetic field line diffusion by a small modification of the magnetic perturbation. This method of control is based on a localized control of chaos in Hamiltonian systems. The aim is to modify the perturbation locally by a small control term which creates invariant tori acting as barriers to diffusion for Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom. The location of the invariant torus is enforced in the vicinity of the chosen target. Given the importance of confinement in magnetic fusion devices, the method is applied to two examples with a loss of magnetic confinement. In the case of locked tearing modes, an invariant torus can be restored that aims at showing the current quench and therefore the generation of runaway electrons. In the second case, the method is applied to the control of stochastic boundaries allowing one to define a transport barrier within the stochastic boundary and therefore to monitor the volume of closed field lines.
Relativistic tidal heating of Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions
So, Lau Loi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purdue and Favata calculate the tidal heating used certain classical pseudotensors. Booth and Creighton employed the quasi-local mass formalism of Brown and York to demonstrate the same subject. All of them give the result matched with the Newtonian theory. Here we present another Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions and all give the same desired value. This indicates that the tidal heating is unique as Thorne predicted. Moreover, we discovered that the pseudo-tensor method and quasi-local method are fundamentally different.
Relativistic tidal heating of Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions
Lau Loi So
2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
Purdue and Favata calculate the tidal heating used certain classical pseudotensors. Booth and Creighton employed the quasi-local mass formalism of Brown and York to demonstrate the same subject. All of them give the result matched with the Newtonian theory. Here we present another Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions and all give the same desired value. This indicates that the tidal heating is unique as Thorne predicted. Moreover, we discovered that the pseudo-tensor method and quasi-local method are fundamentally different.
Boundary County, Idaho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a gHigh4-FD-aBeijing Sinohytec JumpBorgford BioEnergy LLC JumpBostonBouillante 2BoulevardBoundary
NEUTRINO SPIN AND FLAVOUR CONVERSION AND OSCILLATIONS IN MAGNETIC FIELD
A. M. Egorov; G. G. Likhachev; A. I. Studenikin
1995-06-09T23:59:59.000Z
A review of the neutrino conversion and oscillations among the two neutrino species (active and sterile) induced by strong twisting magnetic field is presented and implications to neutrinos in neutron star, supernova, the Sun and interstellar galactic media are discussed. The ``cross-boundary effect" (CBE) (i.e., a possible conversion of one half of neutrinos of the bunch from active into sterile specie) at the surface of neutron star is also studied for a realistic neutron star structure.
Commutativity of Substitution and Variation in Actions of Quantum Field Theory
Zhong Chao Wu
2009-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
There exists a paradox in quantum field theory: substituting a field configuration which solves a subset of the field equations into the action and varying it is not necessarily equivalent to substituting that configuration into the remaining field equations. We take the $S^4$ and Freund-Rubin-like instantons as two examples to clarify the paradox. One must match the specialized configuration field variables with the corresponding boundary conditions by adding appropriate Legendre terms to the action. Some comments are made regarding exceptional degenerate cases.
Statistical mechanics of the nonlinear Schroedinger equation. II. Mean field approximation
Lebowitz, J.L.; Rose, H.A.; Speer, E.R.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The authors investigate a mean field approximation to the statistical mechanics of complex fields with dynamics governed by the nonlinear Schroedinger equation. Such fields, whose Hamiltonian is unbounded below, may model plasmas, lasers, and other physical systems. Restricting themselves to one-dimensional systems with periodic boundary conditions, we find in the mean field approximation a phase transition from a uniform regime to a regime in which the system is dominated by solitons. They compute explicitly, as a function of temperature and density (L/sup 2/ norm), the transition point at which the uniform configuration becomes unstable to local perturbations; static and dynamic mean field approximations yield the same result.
Problems and Successes in the Numerical Approach to the Conformal Field Equations
Sascha Husa
2002-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
This talk reports on the status of an approach to the numerical study of isolated systems with the conformal field equations. We first describe the algorithms used in a code which has been developed at AEI in the last years, and discuss a milestone result obtained by Huebner. Then we present more recent results as examples to sketch the problems we face in the conformal approach to numerical relativity and outline a possible roadmap toward making this approach a practical tool.
External split field generator
Thundat, Thomas George (Knoxville, TN); Van Neste, Charles W. (Kingston, TN); Vass, Arpad Alexander (Oak Ridge, TN)
2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
A generator includes a coil disposed about a core. A first stationary magnetic field source may be disposed on a first end portion of the core and a second stationary magnetic field source may be disposed on a second end portion of core. The first and second stationary magnetic field sources apply a stationary magnetic field to the coil. An external magnetic field source may be disposed outside the coil to apply a moving magnetic field to the coil. Electrical energy is generated in response to an interaction between the coil, the moving magnetic field, and the stationary magnetic field.
Fluorescence photon migration by the boundary element method
Fedele, Francesco [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405 (United States); Eppstein, Margaret J. [Department of Computer Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405 (United States)]. E-mail: maggie.eppstein@uvm.edu; Laible, Jeffrey P. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405 (United States); Godavarty, Anuradha [Photon Migration Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77842-3012 (United States); Sevick-Muraca, Eva M. [Photon Migration Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77842-3012 (United States)
2005-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
The use of the boundary element method (BEM) is explored as an alternative to the finite element method (FEM) solution methodology for the elliptic equations used to model the generation and transport of fluorescent light in highly scattering media, without the need for an internal volume mesh. The method is appropriate for domains where it is reasonable to assume the fluorescent properties are regionally homogeneous, such as when using highly specific molecularly targeted fluorescent contrast agents in biological tissues. In comparison to analytical results on a homogeneous sphere, BEM predictions of complex emission fluence are shown to be more accurate and stable than those of the FEM. Emission fluence predictions made with the BEM using a 708-node mesh, with roughly double the inter-node spacing of boundary nodes as in a 6956-node FEM mesh, match experimental frequency-domain fluorescence emission measurements acquired on a 1087 cm{sup 3} breast-mimicking phantom at least as well as those of the FEM, but require only 1/8 to 1/2 the computation time.
Thermographic analysis of turbulent non-isothermal water boundary layer
Znamenskaya, Irina A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The paper is devoted to the investigation of the turbulent water boundary layer in the jet mixing flows using high-speed infrared (IR) thermography. Two turbulent mixing processes were studied: a submerged water jet impinging on a flat surface and two intersecting jets in a round disc-shaped vessel. An infrared camera (FLIR Systems SC7700) was focused on the window transparent for IR radiation; it provided high-speed recordings of heat fluxes from a thin water layer close to the window. Temperature versus time curves at different points of water boundary layer near the wall surface were acquired using the IR camera with the recording frequency of 100 Hz. The time of recording varied from 3 till 20 min. The power spectra for the temperature fluctuations at different points on the hot-cold water mixing zone were calculated using the Fast Fourier Transform algorithm. The obtained spectral behavior was compared to the Kolmogorov "-5/3 spectrum" (a direct energy cascade) and the dual-cascade scenario predicted for...
Retrieval of Urban Boundary Layer Structures from Doppler Lidar Data. Part I: Accuracy Assessment
Xia, Quanxin; Lin, Ching Long; Calhoun, Ron; Newsom, Rob K.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Two coherent Doppler lidars from the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and Arizona State University (ASU) were deployed in the Joint Urban 2003 atmospheric dispersion field experiment (JU2003) held in Oklahoma City. The dual lidar data are used to evaluate the accuracy of the four-dimensional variational data assimilation (4DVAR) method and identify the coherent flow structures in the urban boundary layer. The objectives of the study are three-fold. The first objective is to examine the effect of eddy viscosity models on the quality of retrieved velocity data. The second objective is to determine the fidelity of single-lidar 4DVAR and evaluate the difference between single- and dual-lidar retrievals. The third objective is to correlate the retrieved flow structures with the ground building data. It is found that the approach of treating eddy viscosity as part of control variables yields better results than the approach of prescribing viscosity. The ARL single-lidar 4DVAR is able to retrieve radial velocity fields with an accuracy of 98% in the along-beam direction and 80-90% in the cross-beam direction. For the dual-lidar 4DVAR, the accuracy of retrieved radial velocity in the ARL cross-beam direction improves to 90-94%. By using the dual-lidar retrieved data as a reference, the single-lidar 4DVAR is able to recover fluctuating velocity fields with 70-80% accuracy in the along-beam direction and 60-70% accuracy in the cross-beam direction. Large-scale convective roll structures are found in the vicinity of downtown airpark and parks. Vortical structures are identified near the business district. Strong updrafts and downdrafts are also found above a cluster of restaurants.
On imposing dynamic contact-angle boundary conditions for wall ...
S. Dong
2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 18, 2012 ... as level set [27,31], front tracking [36,35], volume of fluids [30], or phase field [25,
A Convective-like Energy-Stable Open Boundary Condition for Simulations of Incompressible Flows
Dong, Suchuan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new energy-stable open boundary condition, and an associated numerical algorithm, for simulating incompressible flows with outflow/open boundaries. This open boundary condition ensures the energy stability of the system, even when strong vortices or backflows occur at the outflow boundary. Under certain situations it can be reduced to a form that can be analogized to the usual convective boundary condition. One prominent feature of this boundary condition is that it provides a control over the velocity on the outflow/open boundary. This is not available with the other energy-stable open boundary conditions from previous works. Our numerical algorithm treats the proposed open boundary condition based on a rotational velocity-correction type strategy. It gives rise to a Robin-type condition for the discrete pressure and a Robin-type condition for the discrete velocity on the outflow/open boundary, respectively at the pressure and the velocity sub-steps. We present extensive numerical experiments on...
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Karen Johnson; Michael Jensen
ARSCL: cloud boundaries from first Clothiaux algorithms on Vaisala or Belfort ceilometers, Micropulse lidar, and MMCR
Introduction Classical Field Theory
Baer, Christian
Introduction Classical Field Theory Locally Covariant Quantum Field Theory Renormalization Time evolution Conclusions and outlook Locality and Algebraic Structures in Field Theory Klaus Fredenhagen IIÂ¨utsch and Pedro Lauridsen Ribeiro) Klaus Fredenhagen Locality and Algebraic Structures in Field Theory #12
Ian Williams; Erdal C. O?uz; Robert L. Jack; Paul Bartlett; Hartmut Löwen; C. Patrick Royall
2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
The behaviour of materials under spatial confinement is sensitively dependent on the nature of the confining boundaries. In two dimensions, confinement within a hard circular boundary inhibits the hexagonal ordering observed in bulk systems at high density. Using colloidal experiments and Monte Carlo simulations, we investigate two model systems of quasi hard discs under circularly symmetric confinement. The first system employs an adaptive circular boundary, defined experimentally using holographic optical tweezers. We show that deformation of this boundary allows, and indeed is required for, hexagonal ordering in the confined system. The second system employs a circularly symmetric optical potential to confine particles without a physical boundary. We show that, in the absence of a curved wall, near perfect hexagonal ordering is possible. We propose that the degree to which hexagonal ordering is suppressed by a curved boundary is determined by the `strictness' of that wall.
The XXX spin s quantum chain and the alternating $s^{1}$, $s^{2}$ chain with boundaries
Anastasia Doikou
2002-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
The integrable XXX spin s quantum chain and the alternating $s^{1}$, $s^{2}$ ($s^{1}-s^{2}={1\\over 2}$) chain with boundaries are considered. The scattering of their excitations with the boundaries via the Bethe ansatz method is studied, and the exact boundary S matrices are computed in the limit $s, s^{1, 2} \\to \\infty$. Moreover, the connection of these models with the SU(2) Principal Chiral, WZW and the RSOS models is discussed.