Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refiners Switch to Reformulated Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model Contents * Summary * Introduction o Table 1. Comparison of Simple Model and Complex Model RFG Per Gallon Requirements * Statutory, Individual Refinery, and Compliance Baselines o Table 2. Statutory Baseline Fuel Compositions * Simple Model * Complex Model o Table 3. Complex Model Variables * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * RFG Simple and Complex Model Spreadsheets * Areas Particpating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 , (Adobe

2

Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules Contents * Introduction o Table 1. History of Foreign Refiner Regulations * Foreign Refinery Baseline * Monitoring Imported Conventional Gasoline * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 Introduction On August 27, 1997, the EPA promulgated revised the rules that allow foreign refiners to establish and use individual baselines, but it would not be mandatory (the optional use of an

3

Reformulated gasoline quality issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One year ago, a panel of industry experts were interviewed in the November/December 1994 issue of Fuel Reformulation (Vol. 4, No. 6). With the focus then and now on refinery investments, the panelists were asked to forecast which refining processes would grow in importance. It is apparent from their response, and from other articles and discussions throughout the year, that hydroprocessing and catalytic conversion processes are synergistic in the overall refinery design, with flexibility and process objectives varying on a unit-by-unit case. To an extent, future refinery investments in downstream petrochemicals, such as for paraxylene production, are based on available catalytic reforming feedstock. Just a importantly, hydroprocessing units (hydrotreating, hydrocracking) needed for clean fuel production (gasoline, diesel, aviation fuel), are heavily dependent on hydrogen production from the catalytic reformer. Catalytic reforming`s significant influence in the refinery hydrogen balance, as well as its status as a significant naphtha conversion route to higher-quality fuels, make this unit a high-priority issue for engineers and planners striving for flexibility.

Gonzalez, R.G.; Felch, D.E.; Edgar, M.D.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Reformulated gasoline study, executive summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of adopting alternative standards for reformulated gasoline (RFG) in New York State has been studied for the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (the Energy Authority). In addition to Federal RFG (EPA 1) and EPA II, California Air Resources Board RFG (CARB 2) and a modified Federal low sulfur RFG (LS-EPA II) were investigated. The effects of these alternative RFGs on petroleum refinery gasoline production costs, gasoline distribution costs, New York State air quality and the New York State economy were considered. New York has already adopted the California low emission vehicle (LEV) and other emission control programs that will affect vehicles and maintenance. From 1998 to 2012 without the introduction of any type of RFG, these programs are estimated to reduce New York State mobile source summer emissions by 341 tons per day (or 40%) of non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) and by 292 tons per day (or 28%) of nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), and to reduce winter emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) by 3,072 tons per day (or 39%). By 2012, the planned imposition of Federal RFG will produce further reductions (percent of 1998 levels) of 10 %, 4 % and 11%, respectively, for NMHC, NO{sub x} and CO. If New York State goes beyond EPA II and adopts CARB 2 specifications, further reductions achieved in 2012 are estimated to be very small, equaling 2% or less of 1998 levels of NMHC and NO{sub x} emissions, while CO emissions would actually increase by about 2%. When compared to EPA II over the same time frame, LS-EPA II would produce negligible (less than 1%) reductions in each of the above emissions categories.

Cunningham, R.E.; Michalski, G.W. [Turner, Mason & Co., Dallas, TX (United States); Baron, R.E.; Lyons, J.M.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

6

Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reformulated Gasoline Program Reformulated Gasoline Program Contents * Introduction * Mandated RFG Program Areas o Table 1. Mandated RFG Program Areas * RFG Program Opt-In Areas o Table 2. RFG Program Opt-In Areas * RFG Program Opt-Out Procedures and Areas o Table 3. History of EPA Rulemaking on Opt-Out Procedures o Table 4. RFG Program Opt-Out Areas * State Programs o Table 5. State Reformulated Gasoline Programs * Endnotes Spreadsheets Referenced in this Article * Reformulated Gasoline Control Area Populations Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000 * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Areas Participating in Oxygenated Gasoline Program

7

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

benzene extracted from the reformulated motor gasoline pool in their conventional motor gasoline. Importers lacking 1990 motor gasoline quality data with which to

8

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

9

Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

earth and provides protection from harmful radiation. The Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG) standards consist of 2

10

Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Demand and Price Outlook for Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000 Tancred Lidderdale and Aileen Bohn (1) Contents * Summary * Introduction * Reformulated Gasoline Demand * Oxygenate Demand * Logistics o Interstate Movements and Storage o Local Distribution o Phase 2 RFG Logistics o Possible Opt-Ins to the RFG Program o State Low Sulfur, Low RVP Gasoline Initiatives o NAAQS o Tier 2 Gasoline * RFG Production Options o Toxic Air Pollutants (TAP) Reduction o Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Reduction o Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Reduction o Summary of RFG Production Options * Costs of Reformulated Gasoline o Phase 1 RFG Price Premium o California Clean Gasoline Price Premium o Phase 2 RFG Price Premium o Reduced Fuel Economy

11

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995 by Tancred Lidderdale* Provisions of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 designed to reduce ground-level ozone will increase the demand for reformulated motor gaso- line in a number of U.S. metropolitan areas. Refor- mulated motor gasoline is expected to constitute about one-third of total motor gasoline demand in 1995, and refiners will have to change plant opera- tions and modify equipment in order to meet the higher demand. The costs incurred are expected to create a wholesale price premium for reformu- lated motor gasoline of up to 4.0 cents per gallon over the price of conventional motor gasoline. This article discusses the effects of the new regulations on the motor gasoline market and the refining

12

Process for conversion of lignin to reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for converting lignin into high-quality reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline compositions in high yields is disclosed. The process is a two-stage, catalytic reaction process that produces a reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product with a controlled amount of aromatics. In the first stage, a lignin material is subjected to a base-catalyzed depolymerization reaction in the presence of a supercritical alcohol as a reaction medium, to thereby produce a depolymerized lignin product. In the second stage, the depolymerized lignin product is subjected to a sequential two-step hydroprocessing reaction to produce a reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product. In the first hydroprocessing step, the depolymerized lignin is contacted with a hydrodeoxygenation catalyst to produce a hydrodeoxygenated intermediate product. In the second hydroprocessing step, the hydrodeoxygenated intermediate product is contacted with a hydrocracking/ring hydrogenation catalyst to produce the reformulated hydrocarbon gasoline product which includes various desirable naphthenic and paraffinic compounds.

Shabtai, Joseph S. (Salt Lake City, UT); Zmierczak, Wlodzimierz W. (Salt Lake City, UT); Chornet, Esteban (Golden, CO)

1999-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

13

Reformulating Competition? Gasoline Content Regulation and Wholesale Gasoline Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the volume of normal butane blended into gasoline, or bythe volume of normal butane rejected from motor gasoline.

Brown, Jennifer; Hastings, Justine; Mansur, Erin T.; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Assessment of California reformulated gasoline impact on vehicle fuel economy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fuel economy data contained in the 1996 California Air Resources Board (CAROB) report with respect to the introduction of California Reformulated Gasoline (CaRFG) has been examined and reanalyzed by two additional statistical methodologies. Additional data has also been analyzed by these two statistical approaches. Within the assumptions of the analysis, point estimates for the reduction in fuel economy using CaRFG as compared to conventional, non-reformulated gasoline were 2-4 %, with a 95% upper confidence bound of 6 %. Substantial variations in fuel economy are routine and inevitable due to additional factors which affect mileage, even if there is no change in fuel reformulation. This additional analysis confirms the conclusion reached by CAROB with respect to the impact of CaRFG on fuel economy.

Aceves, S.; Glaser, R.; Richardson, J.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Process for conversion of lignin to reformulated, partially oxygenated gasoline  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-yield process for converting lignin into reformulated, partially oxygenated gasoline compositions of high quality is provided. The process is a two-stage catalytic reaction process that produces a reformulated, partially oxygenated gasoline product with a controlled amount of aromatics. In the first stage of the process, a lignin feed material is subjected to a base-catalyzed depolymerization reaction, followed by a selective hydrocracking reaction which utilizes a superacid catalyst to produce a high oxygen-content depolymerized lignin product mainly composed of alkylated phenols, alkylated alkoxyphenols, and alkylbenzenes. In the second stage of the process, the depolymerized lignin product is subjected to an exhaustive etherification reaction, optionally followed by a partial ring hydrogenation reaction, to produce a reformulated, partially oxygenated/etherified gasoline product, which includes a mixture of substituted phenyl/methyl ethers, cycloalkyl methyl ethers, C.sub.7 -C.sub.10 alkylbenzenes, C.sub.6 -C.sub.10 branched and multibranched paraffins, and alkylated and polyalkylated cycloalkanes.

Shabtai, Joseph S. (Salt Lake City, UT); Zmierczak, Wlodzimierz W. (Salt Lake City, UT); Chornet, Esteban (Golden, CO)

2001-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Energy Information Administration`s assessment of reformulated gasoline. Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is divided into two volumes. The first volume contains EIA`s findings and analyses on reformulated gasoline as it affects the petroleum industry. The data contained herein should assist members of the Congress, Federal, State and local governments, analysts, researchers, the media and academia to understand the RFG program and the current status of implementation. This second volume contains 10 appendices that include letter from Congressman Dingell, survey results, survey forms, and historical summary data. A glossary and a list of acronyms and abbreviations are printed in Volumes 1 and 2.

NONE

1994-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Energy Information Administration`s assessment of reformulated gasoline. Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains EIA`s findings and analyses on reformulated gasoline as it affects the petroleum industry. The data contained herein should assist members of the Congress, Federal, State and local governments, analysts, researchers, the media and academia to understand the RFG program and the current status of implementation. The second volume contains 10 appendices that include letter from Congressman Dingell, survey results, survey forms, and historical summary data. A glossary and a list of acronyms and abbreviations are printed in Volumes 1 and 2.

NONE

1994-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

18

Imports of Reformulated Gasoline Blended with Fuel Ethanol  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

19

Stocks of Reformulated Gasoline Blended with Fuel Ethanol  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

20

Update of Summer Reformulated Gasoline Supply Assessment for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

months as the petroleum industry began the switch from winter- to summer-grade gasoline. ... domestic suppliers (including suppliers from the Gulf Coast) ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

,"U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0r_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0r_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

22

,"U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Reformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0r_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0r_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

23

Spill, RFG rules promise trouble for U. S. pipelines. [ReFormulated Gasoline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of current and impending governmental regulations on US pipeline operations occupied much of April's API Pipeline Conference in Houston. Entire sessions were devoted to ramifications of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 and governmentally mandated rules for reformulated gasoline. Other papers discussed how the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission may regulate oil-pipeline rates in the future and what issues individual state legislatures may be examining. If pipeline operators weren't hearing what governments planned, they were hearing what their own industry wanted them to do, mostly in the form of standards, such as API 2610 for terminal and tank facilities, or recommended practices, as for ensuring crude oil quality at terminal and tank sites. The paper discusses the Oil Pollution Act rules; contingency plans proposed by the EPA; NOAA proposals for natural-resource damage assessments; major regulatory issues that will affect pipelines in the future; liabilities and documentation associated with RFG in pipelines; product codes; transfer documentation; operation; oversight programs; and unanswered questions.

True, W.R.

1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

24

The Energy Information Administration`s assessment of reformulated gasoline: An update  

SciTech Connect

This report (Part II) concludes a two part study of The Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) assessment of Reformulated Gasoline (RFG). The data contained herein updates EIA`s previous findings and analyses on reformulated gasoline as it affects the petroleum industry. The major findings of Part II have not changed considerably from Part I: Supplies of RFG are adequate to meet demand, but a tight supply-demand balance exists, leaving the RFG system with little ability to absorb unexpected supply or delivery system disruption. In December 1994, the estimated demand for RFG was 2.6 million barrels per day, with the production capability just meeting this demand. The study concludes that current prices for RFG are consistent with the costs underlying the product, and the difference in RFG and conventional gasoline indicates confidence in supply. The study also follows the impact of recent events such as: postponement of the Renewable Oxygenate Standard, the decision to require importers to use the U.S. average baseline for limiting emissions, the disruption of the Colonial Pipeline in Texas, and Pennsylvania`s request to opt-out of the RFG program.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Fuel cycle evaluations of biomass-ethanol and reformulated gasoline. Volume 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is using the total fuel cycle analysis (TFCA) methodology to evaluate energy choices. The National Energy Strategy (NES) identifies TFCA as a tool to describe and quantify the environmental, social, and economic costs and benefits associated with energy alternatives. A TFCA should quantify inputs and outputs, their impacts on society, and the value of those impacts that occur from each activity involved in producing and using fuels, cradle-to-grave. New fuels and energy technologies can be consistently evaluated and compared using TFCA, providing a sound basis for ranking policy options that expand the fuel choices available to consumers. This study is limited to creating an inventory of inputs and outputs for three transportation fuels: (1) reformulated gasoline (RFG) that meets the standards of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) using methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE); (2) gasohol (E10), a mixture of 10% ethanol made from municipal solid waste (MSW) and 90% gasoline; and (3) E95, a mixture of 5% gasoline and 95% ethanol made from energy crops such as grasses and trees. The ethanol referred to in this study is produced from lignocellulosic material-trees, grass, and organic wastes -- called biomass. The biomass is converted to ethanol using an experimental technology described in more detail later. Corn-ethanol is not discussed in this report. This study is limited to estimating an inventory of inputs and outputs for each fuel cycle, similar to a mass balance study, for several reasons: (1) to manage the size of the project; (2) to provide the data required for others to conduct site-specific impact analysis on a case-by-case basis; (3) to reduce data requirements associated with projecting future environmental baselines and other variables that require an internally consistent scenario.

Tyson, K.S.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Update of Summer Reformulated Gasoline Supply Assessment for New York and Connecticut  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In October 2003, EIA published a review of the status of the methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) ban transition in New York (NY) and Connecticut (CT) that noted significant uncertainties in gasoline supply for those States for the summer of 2004. To obtain updated information, EIA spoke to major suppliers to the two States over the past several months as the petroleum industry began the switch from winter- to summer-grade gasoline.

Information Center

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules (Released in the STEO January 1998)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On August 27, 1997, the EPA promulgated revised the rules that allow foreign refiners to establish and use individual baselines, but it would not be mandatory (the optional use of an individual refinery baseline is not available to domestic refiners.) If a foreign refiner did not establish and use an individual baseline, the gasoline they export to the U.S. would be regulated through the importer, and subject to the importer's baseline (most likely the statutory baseline). Specific regulatory provisions are implemented to ensure that the option to use an individual baseline would not lead to adverse environmental impacts. This involves monitoring the average quality of imported gasoline, and if a specified benchmark is exceeded, remedial action would be taken by adjusting the requirements applicable to imported gasoline.

Information Center

1998-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

28

Impact of the renewable oxygenate standard for reformulated gasoline on ethanol demand, energy use, and greenhouse gas emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To assure a place for renewable oxygenates in the national reformulated gasoline (RFG) program, the US Environmental Protection Agency has promulgated the renewable oxygenate standard (ROS) for RFG. It is assumed that ethanol derived from corn will be the only broadly available renewable oxygenate during Phase I of the RFG program. This report analyzes the impact that the ROS could have on the supply of ethanol, its transported volume, and its displacement from existing markets. It also considers the energy and crude oil consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that could result from the production and use of various RFGs that could meet the ROS requirements. The report concludes that on the basis of current and projected near-term ethanol capacity, if ethanol is the only available renewable oxygenate used to meet the requirements of the ROS, diversion of ethanol from existing use as a fuel is likely to be necessary. Year-round use of ethanol and ETBE would eliminate the need for diversion by reducing winter demand for ethanol. On an RFG-program-wide basis, using ethanol and ETBE to satisfy the ROS can be expected to slightly reduce fossil energy use, increase crude oil use, and have essentially no effect on GHG emissions or total energy use relative to using RFG oxygenated only with MTBE.

Stork, K.C.; Singh, M.K.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

30

Imports of Total Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Reformulated and conventional gasoline production excludes adjustments for fuel ethanol and motor gasoline blending components. Historical data prior to June 4, ...

31

Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Series: Finished Motor Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline (less Adj.) Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blenede w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 & Ed55 Other Conventional Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline Adjustment Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene-Type Jet, Commercial Kerosene-Type Jet, Military Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm Sulfur and Under Distillate Fuel Oil > 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate Fuel Oil > 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Propane/Propylene Period: Weekly 4-Week Average

32

Market Power in California's Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price (See Figure 2.2a). Jet Fuel Distillate Fuel Oil: Reformulated Gasoline Residual Fuel Oil Petroleum Coke

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Lewis, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Reformulated Gasoline Imports from Brazil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

34

Stocks of Finished Motor Gasoline - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Reformulated and conventional gasoline production excludes adjustments for fuel ethanol and motor gasoline blending components. Historical data prior to June 4, ...

35

Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formulations Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, 2000-2006 FigureI: Weekly Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices for2001- 2006 Crude Oil CA Regular Reformulated Figure II:

Gicheva, Dora; Hastings, Justine; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

OFF-HIGHWAY GASOLINE CONSUMPTION ESTIMATION MODELS USED IN THE FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION ATTRIBUTION AND PROCESS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

222 222 Center for Transportation Analysis Energy and Transportation Science Division OFF-HIGHWAY GASOLINE CONSUMPTION ESTIMATION MODELS USED IN THE FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION ATTRIBUTION AND PROCESS 2008 Updates Ho-Ling Hwang, Ph.D. Stacy Davis Date Published: December 2009 Prepared by OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6283 managed by UT-BATTELLE, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 iii TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES....................................................................................v LIST OF ACRONYMS .................................................................................................... vii ABSTRACT ....................................................................................................................... ix

37

Houston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Notes: Conventional area is any area that does not require the sale of reformulated gasoline. ... Publication of Low Sulfur On-Highway Diesel (LSD) ...

38

New Jersey Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

39

Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Reformulated Gasoline Blending ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: RBOB with Ether and RBOB ...

40

Reformulated Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Turkey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Reformulated Gasoline Sales to End Users Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 2.390 2.836 1.979 2.394 - - 1994-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.336 2.808 1.924 2.347 - - 1994-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.360 2.807...

42

Reformulated Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Ecuador  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

43

Reformulated Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

44

Reformulated Gasoline Sales to End Users Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

94-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1994-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1994-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1994-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1994-2013 Massachusetts - - - - -...

45

Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Reformulated Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Boston: 2.710: 3.172: 2.306: 2.744: 3.526: 3.636: 2003-2012: Chicago: 2.941: 3.407: 2.463: 2.936 : 2000-2010: Houston: 2.606: 3.081: 2.167: 2.588 : 2000-2010 ...

46

Retail Prices for Midgrade Gasoline - Reformulated Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Boston: 3.809: 3.767: 3.712: 3.687: 3.648: 3.615: 2003-2013: Chicago: 3.885: 3.829: 3.739: 3.662: 3.673: 3.669: 2000-2013: Houston: 3.516: 3.432: 3.384: 3 ...

47

Retail Prices for Midgrade Gasoline - Reformulated Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Boston: 2.836: 3.302: 2.431: 2.868: 3.672: 3.816: 2003-2012: Chicago: 3.051: 3.520: 2.571: 3.053 : 2000-2010: Houston: 2.721: 3.218: 2.317: 2.744 : 2000-2010 ...

48

Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Reformulated Areas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3.683 3.612 3.574 3.571 2000-2013 Texas 3.265 3.190 3.142 3.094 3.063 3.111 2000-2013 Cities Boston 3.630 3.589 3.546 3.499 3.443 3.397 2003-2013 Chicago 3.710 3.654 3.565 3.491...

49

Retail Prices for Premium Gasoline - Reformulated Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Boston: 3.926: 3.889: 3.832: 3.808: 3.766: 3.736: 2003-2013: Chicago: 4.070: 4.020: 3.928: 3.846: 3.863: 3.853: 2000-2013: Houston: 3.671: 3.597: 3.546: 3 ...

50

Retail Prices for Premium Gasoline - Reformulated Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Boston: 2.942: 3.407: 2.535: 2.976: 3.789: 3.939: 2003-2012: Chicago: 3.154: 3.623: 2.675: 3.158 : 2000-2010: Houston: 2.831: 3.341: 2.438: 2.870 : 2000-2010 ...

51

Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently, 1995  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate.

John Zyren

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Diesel Fuel Release Date: November 25, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 2, 2013 Reformulated Gasoline. States in each PADD Region. Procedures & Methodology ...

53

Stocks of Finished Motor Gasoline - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly data for RBOB with Ether, RBOB with Alcohol, and Reformulated GTAB Motor Gasoline Blending Components are discontinued as of the week ending June 4, ...

54

Off-Highway Gasoline Consuption Estimation Models Used in the Federal Highway Administration Attribution Process: 2008 Updates  

SciTech Connect

This report is designed to document the analysis process and estimation models currently used by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to estimate the off-highway gasoline consumption and public sector fuel consumption. An overview of the entire FHWA attribution process is provided along with specifics related to the latest update (2008) on the Off-Highway Gasoline Use Model and the Public Use of Gasoline Model. The Off-Highway Gasoline Use Model is made up of five individual modules, one for each of the off-highway categories: agricultural, industrial and commercial, construction, aviation, and marine. This 2008 update of the off-highway models was the second major update (the first model update was conducted during 2002-2003) after they were originally developed in mid-1990. The agricultural model methodology, specifically, underwent a significant revision because of changes in data availability since 2003. Some revision to the model was necessary due to removal of certain data elements used in the original estimation method. The revised agricultural model also made use of some newly available information, published by the data source agency in recent years. The other model methodologies were not drastically changed, though many data elements were updated to improve the accuracy of these models. Note that components in the Public Use of Gasoline Model were not updated in 2008. A major challenge in updating estimation methods applied by the public-use model is that they would have to rely on significant new data collection efforts. In addition, due to resource limitation, several components of the models (both off-highway and public-us models) that utilized regression modeling approaches were not recalibrated under the 2008 study. An investigation of the Environmental Protection Agency's NONROAD2005 model was also carried out under the 2008 model update. Results generated from the NONROAD2005 model were analyzed, examined, and compared, to the extent that is possible on the overall totals, to the current FHWA estimates. Because NONROAD2005 model was designed for emission estimation purposes (i.e., not for measuring fuel consumption), it covers different equipment populations from those the FHWA models were based on. Thus, a direct comparison generally was not possible in most sectors. As a result, NONROAD2005 data were not used in the 2008 update of the FHWA off-highway models. The quality of fuel use estimates directly affect the data quality in many tables published in the Highway Statistics. Although updates have been made to the Off-Highway Gasoline Use Model and the Public Use Gasoline Model, some challenges remain due to aging model equations and discontinuation of data sources.

Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL; Davis, Stacy Cagle [ORNL

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Prices Gasoline Price Data Sign showing gasoline prices Local Prices: Find the cheapest gasoline prices in your area. State & Metro Area Prices: Average prices from AAA's...

56

Round 1 Emissions Results from Compressed Natural Gas Vans and Gasoline Controls Operating in the U.S. Federal Fleet  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Round 1 Emissions Results from Compressed Round 1 Emissions Results from Compressed Natural Gas Vans and Gasoline Controls Operating in the U.S. Federal Fleet Kenneth J. Kelly, Brent K. Bailey, and Timothy C. Coburn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Leslie Eudy ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc. Peter Lissiuk Environmental Research and Development Corp. Presented at Society for Automotive Engineers International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting Dearborn, MI May 6-8, 1996 The work described here was wholly funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, a U.S. government agency. As such, this information is in the public domain, may be copied and otherwise accessed freely, and is not subject to copyright laws. These papers were previously published in hard copy form by the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.

57

Motor gasoline assessment, Spring 1997  

SciTech Connect

The springs of 1996 and 1997 provide an excellent example of contrasting gasoline market dynamics. In spring 1996, tightening crude oil markets pushed up gasoline prices sharply, adding to the normal seasonal gasoline price increases; however, in spring 1997, crude oil markets loosened and crude oil prices fell, bringing gasoline prices down. This pattern was followed throughout the country except in California. As a result of its unique reformulated gasoline, California prices began to vary significantly from the rest of the country in 1996 and continued to exhibit distinct variations in 1997. In addition to the price contrasts between 1996 and 1997, changes occurred in the way in which gasoline markets were supplied. Low stocks, high refinery utilizations, and high imports persisted through 1996 into summer 1997, but these factors seem to have had little impact on gasoline price spreads relative to average spread.

NONE

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006 - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

increased liability exposure due to the elimination of the oxygen content requirement for reformulated gasoline (RFG) included in the Energy Policy Act of 2005.

59

Date of switch to summer-grade gasoline approaches - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In California all counties implement a version of the California Reformulated Gasoline Program, ... of the May 1 compliance date ... that can be used in ...

60

Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Greater than Ed55 Conventional Other Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm Sulfur and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Less Than 0.31 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel 0.31 to 1.00 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel Greater Than 1.00 Percent Sulfur Special Naphthas Lubricants Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Processing Gain(-) or Loss(+) Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

62

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and diesel price estimates from the Energy Information Administration Understanding Gas Prices Photo of gasoline receipt What determines the cost of gasoline? What's the...

63

U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Sales to End Users, Total 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 Through Retail Outlets 26,507.1 22,632.7 22,641.3 22,038.2 22,474.5 21,660.0 1983-2013 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2013 DTW 24,954.1 29,704.3 30,138.3 29,222.8 30,011.9 28,880.3 1994-2013 Rack 236,373.7 242,166.6 243,892.5 243,789.7 248,761.4 237,431.5 1994-2013

64

Variable-Rate State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasoline tax, fell correspondingly. As shown in Figure 3, state motorGasoline Taxes Inflation and increased fuel economy have reduced the buying power of the revenues collected from state and federal motor

Ang-Olson, Jeffrey; Wachs, Martin; Taylor, Brian D.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

A Dozen Reasons for Raising Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline Taxes Martin Wachs University of California, Berkeley MotorMotor Fuel Taxes Are Lower Now Than In The Past. The federal gasoline taxgasoline and other motor fuels depends on changes in response to many factors in addition to tax

Wachs, Martin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE, Oxygenates, and MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline Contents * Introduction * Federal gasoline product quality regulations * What are oxygenates? * Who gets gasoline with oxygenates? * Which areas get MTBE? * How much has been invested in MTBE production capacity? * What does new Ethanol capacity cost? * What would an MTBE ban cost? * On-line information resources * Endnotes * Summary of revisions to this analysis Introduction The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an

67

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

84.5 84.5 84.3 77.3 74.4 72.2 75.5 93.4 93.0 82.9 78.3 W 81.7 February ............................. 84.3 84.0 77.5 71.6 71.6 74.6 93.3 92.9 83.1 75.4 81.2 81.0 March .................................. 82.7 82.5 77.8 70.5 71.8 74.1 91.7 91.3 83.3 74.2 W 80.7 April .................................... 82.8 82.6 79.3 68.6 68.2 73.7 91.9 91.5 84.4 72.5 W 80.9 May ..................................... 82.3 81.6 77.5 68.2 63.8 71.9 91.5 90.8 83.2 72.3 W 79.9 June .................................... 80.3 79.4 75.0 63.9 58.9 68.5 89.9 89.0 80.9 68.7 W 77.2 July ..................................... 78.8 78.0 73.0 64.8 59.0 67.9 88.3 87.5 79.0 69.2 W 75.8 August ................................ 85.0 84.5 80.6 74.0 70.7 76.5 94.5 93.9 86.5 78.3 W 83.9 September .......................... 88.1 87.2 83.6 71.9 71.2 77.2 97.6 96.7 89.4 75.8 W

68

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

73.0 73.0 72.5 68.2 57.5 55.3 62.2 82.0 81.4 74.0 61.5 W 70.2 February ............................. 67.2 66.8 62.0 54.9 53.1 57.9 76.8 76.4 67.7 58.9 W 65.0 March .................................. 62.7 62.4 57.3 52.2 49.7 54.3 72.2 71.9 63.2 56.0 W 61.0 April .................................... 65.2 65.0 59.8 55.6 53.9 57.3 74.1 73.9 65.6 59.7 W 63.8 May ..................................... 69.7 69.3 65.1 58.0 53.8 60.7 78.8 78.4 70.9 62.1 W 68.2 June .................................... 68.6 68.0 63.7 54.5 48.4 57.8 77.8 77.3 69.8 58.9 W 66.3 July ..................................... 66.9 66.4 61.6 51.8 47.6 55.5 76.6 76.1 68.0 56.2 W 64.1 August ................................ 65.0 64.4 59.4 48.1 45.2 52.8 75.1 74.5 65.7 52.4 W 61.4 September .......................... 63.4 63.0 58.4 49.1 46.1 52.8 73.4 73.0 64.6 53.1 W

69

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

59.5 59.5 58.9 54.4 42.1 37.1 46.8 70.2 69.7 61.7 46.4 - 56.9 February ............................. 57.3 56.7 52.7 40.6 39.2 45.9 68.2 67.7 60.2 44.8 W 55.3 March .................................. 64.5 64.4 60.1 52.3 48.6 55.3 74.2 73.8 67.6 55.6 W 63.8 April .................................... 82.3 81.6 79.9 62.3 57.2 69.6 92.4 91.6 84.9 65.4 W 78.7 May ..................................... 79.8 78.9 76.3 59.2 54.0 66.0 90.6 89.9 82.9 63.9 W 76.6 June .................................... 74.7 74.6 71.0 61.1 58.0 64.9 85.2 84.8 77.6 64.9 W 73.4 July ..................................... 79.4 79.3 75.9 69.7 66.3 71.9 89.3 88.9 81.9 72.6 NA 78.7 August ................................ 86.5 86.0 82.9 73.3 73.5 77.7 96.4 95.7 88.9 76.6 W 84.8 September .......................... 86.9 86.3 82.0 73.5 70.5 76.9 96.3 95.6 88.7 77.5 W

70

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2.2 2.2 71.6 66.6 60.0 56.1 63.1 81.2 80.6 71.7 64.6 - 69.7 February ............................. 72.7 72.2 67.3 60.3 56.4 63.3 81.5 80.9 72.7 64.8 - 70.4 March .................................. 77.0 76.6 71.7 66.0 64.7 68.7 85.9 85.3 77.7 70.0 - 75.5 April .................................... 87.8 87.6 82.8 76.2 76.2 79.5 96.1 95.6 88.4 80.5 - 86.2 May ..................................... 94.1 93.7 89.0 76.6 74.5 82.0 103.1 102.3 93.9 80.5 - 90.1 June .................................... 91.6 91.0 86.1 70.6 67.0 77.6 100.7 99.7 91.6 74.8 - 86.7 July ..................................... 87.8 87.6 83.0 70.8 68.0 76.3 96.9 96.3 88.3 74.9 - 84.3 August ................................ 84.0 83.8 78.3 68.9 65.0 72.8 93.1 92.5 83.5 73.3 W 80.6 September .......................... 82.1 82.0 76.0 69.6 66.1 72.2 91.0 90.6 81.2 73.7 W

71

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.6 4.6 73.9 70.5 59.6 55.7 64.4 84.2 83.3 75.7 63.9 - 72.4 February ............................. 73.7 73.0 69.3 59.8 57.2 64.1 82.9 82.1 74.2 64.6 - 71.6 March .................................. 72.3 71.6 68.0 57.9 54.1 62.3 81.7 80.8 73.1 62.4 - 70.1 April .................................... 74.8 74.2 70.8 64.0 59.7 67.0 83.8 83.2 75.8 68.3 - 73.7 May ..................................... 80.4 80.0 75.3 69.5 64.6 71.9 89.2 88.6 80.5 74.2 - 78.7 June .................................... 81.7 81.0 75.3 65.9 61.6 70.3 90.3 89.5 80.6 70.7 - 77.7 July ..................................... 78.7 77.8 71.7 60.3 57.9 65.6 87.5 86.5 77.1 65.1 - 73.6 August ................................ 75.5 74.7 68.8 59.9 56.7 63.6 83.9 83.2 73.8 64.5 - 71.0 September .......................... 73.5 72.9 67.4 61.0 56.9 63.4 81.6 81.0 72.2 65.2 -

72

U.S. Exports of Reformulated Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 0: 0: 1,150: 634: 79: 1,346: 175: 2000's: 208: 1,870: 1,948: 664: 647: 4,694 ...

73

Blender Net Input of Reformulated GTAB Gasoline Blending ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: RBOB with Ether, RBOB ...

74

Reformulated Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Non OPEC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

75

Retail Prices for Gasoline All Grades - Reformulated Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Boston: 2.765: 3.228: 2.361: 2.799: 3.589: 3.710: 2003-2012: Chicago: 2.981: 3.448: 2.503: 2.978 : 2000-2010: Houston: 2.658: 3.142: 2.231: 2.654 : 2000-2010 ...

76

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

... 77.0 76.6 71.7 66.0 64.7 68.7 85.9 85.3 77.7 70.0 - 75.5 April ... 87.8 87.6 82.8 76.2 76.2 79.5 96.1 95.6...

77

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

84.5 84.3 77.3 74.4 72.2 75.5 93.4 93.0 82.9 78.3 W 81.7 February ... 84.3 84.0 77.5 71.6 71.6 74.6 93.3 92.9 83.1 75.4 81.2 81.0 March...

78

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.6 73.9 70.5 59.6 55.7 64.4 84.2 83.3 75.7 63.9 - 72.4 February ... 73.7 73.0 69.3 59.8 57.2 64.1 82.9 82.1 74.2 64.6 - 71.6 March ......

79

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

64.9 85.2 84.8 77.6 64.9 W 73.4 July ... 79.4 79.3 75.9 69.7 66.3 71.9 89.3 88.9 81.9 72.6 NA 78.7 August ......

80

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

68.0 56.2 W 64.1 August ... 65.0 64.4 59.4 48.1 45.2 52.8 75.1 74.5 65.7 52.4 W 61.4 September ... 63.4 63.0 58.4 49.1 46.1...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Stocks of Reformulated Gasoline - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Stocks include those ...

82

Indiana Reformulated Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

241: 219: 111: 104: 124: 59: 2000: 155: 107: 66: 257: 359: 337: 443: 341: 213: 209: 81: 74: 2001: 416: 699: 131: 227: 419: 342: 396: 200: 273: 262: 253: 185: 2002 ...

83

Refiner and Blender Net Production of Reformulated Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3,143 3,087 2,984 3,047 3,090 3,066 1993-2013 PADD 1 1,297 1,248 1,242 1,276 1,293 1,241 1993-2013 PADD 2 357 366 339 346 363 352 1993-2013 PADD 3 434 408 377 383 390 411 1993-2013...

84

Reformulated GTAB Gasoline Blending Components Total Stocks Stocks ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil stocks in the ...

85

Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The public is probably more knowledgeable about what they pay for gasoline than about anything else they use regularly. Most Americans are bombarded several times a day with the price of gasoline. Many people who phone our office don't only want to know why prices have risen, but why their prices are different than prices in some other area - the gasoline station two blocks away, the average price quoted on the news, the price their uncle is paying in a different region of the country. This chart shows some of the different state averages for a specific month. Besides taxes, these differences are due to factors such as distance from refining sources, and mix of reformulated versus conventional fuels. What this snapshot does not show,is that all of these prices can

86

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gasoline Gallon Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition

87

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline (Released in the STEO October 1999)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an increase in MTBE production between 1990 and 1994. MTBE demand increased from 83,000 in 1990 to 161,000 barrels per day in 1994. The reformulated gasoline (RFG) program provided a further boost to oxygenate blending. The MTBE contained in motor gasoline increased to 269,000 barrels per day by 1997.

Information Center

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

02/22/2006 02/22/2006 Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006 Summary In 2005, a number of petroleum companies announced their intent to remove methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from their gasoline in 2006. Companies' decisions to eliminate MTBE have been driven by State bans due to water contamination concerns, continuing liability exposure from adding MTBE to gasoline, and perceived potential for increased liability exposure due to the elimination of the oxygen content requirement for reformulated gasoline (RFG) included in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. EIA's informal discussions with a number of suppliers indicate that most of the industry is trying to move away from MTBE before the 2006 summer driving season. Currently, the largest use of MTBE is in RFG consumed on the East Coast outside of

89

Overview of sSupply of Chicago/Milwaukee Gasoline This Spring:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supply of Chicago/Milwaukee Gasoline Spring 20001 Supply of Chicago/Milwaukee Gasoline Spring 20001 Joanne Shore, Petroleum Division Tight Supply at the Beginning of Summer Gasoline Season This summer's run-up in Midwest gasoline prices, like other recent price spikes, stemmed from a number of factors. The stage was set for gasoline volatility as a result of tight crude oil supplies, which led to low crude oil and low product stocks and relatively high crude oil prices. With little stock cushion to absorb unexpected events, Midwest gasoline prices surged when a number of supply problems developed, including pipeline and refinery supply problems, and an unexpectedly difficult transition to summer-grade Phase II reformulated gasoline (RFG). Prior to the current summer driving season, gasoline stocks were low

90

NIST 130 Gasoline Concerns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2004 – Added Motor Oil, ATF ... 2.1 Gasoline and Gasoline-Oxygenate Blends ... Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel,” except that ...

2011-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

91

Primer on Gasoline Prices  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This brochure answers, in laymen's terms, questions such as "What are the components of the retail price of gasoline? Why do gasoline prices fluctuate?

Information Center

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

Ethanol Demand in United States Gasoline Production  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (OWL) Refinery Yield Model (RYM) has been used to estimate the demand for ethanol in U.S. gasoline production in year 2010. Study cases examine ethanol demand with variations in world oil price, cost of competing oxygenate, ethanol value, and gasoline specifications. For combined-regions outside California summer ethanol demand is dominated by conventional gasoline (CG) because the premised share of reformulated gasoline (RFG) production is relatively low and because CG offers greater flexibility for blending high vapor pressure components like ethanol. Vapor pressure advantages disappear for winter CG, but total ethanol used in winter RFG remains low because of the low RFG production share. In California, relatively less ethanol is used in CG because the RFG production share is very high. During the winter in California, there is a significant increase in use of ethanol in RFG, as ethanol displaces lower-vapor-pressure ethers. Estimated U.S. ethanol demand is a function of the refiner value of ethanol. For example, ethanol demand for reference conditions in year 2010 is 2 billion gallons per year (BGY) at a refiner value of $1.00 per gallon (1996 dollars), and 9 BGY at a refiner value of $0.60 per gallon. Ethanol demand could be increased with higher oil prices, or by changes in gasoline specifications for oxygen content, sulfur content, emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCS), and octane numbers.

Hadder, G.R.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

93

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook ... State gasoline taxes ... that occurred between spring 1999 and fall 2001, ...

94

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices. WTI Crude Oil Price. Retail Gasoline Price. Source: Energy Information Administration

95

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preferences. · Identification of population segments with a strong interest for electric cars. · Forecasting

96

Control theoretic model of automobile demand and gasoline consumption  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this research is to examine the controllability of gasoline consumption and automobile demand using gasoline price as a policy instrument. The author examines the problem of replacing the standby motor-fuel rationing plan with use of the federal excise tax on gasoline. It is demonstrated that the standby targets are attainable with the tax. The problem of multiple control of automobile demand and gasoline consumption is also addressed. When the federal gasoline excise tax is used to control gasoline consumption, the policy maker can also use the tax to direct automobile demand. There exists a trade-off between various automobile demand targets and the target implied for gasoline consumption. We seek to measure this trade-off and use the results for planning. This research employs a time series of cross section data base with a disaggregated model of automobile demand, and an aggregate model of gasoline consumption. Automobile demand is divided into five mutually exclusive classes of cars. Gasoline demand is model as the sum of regular, premium, and unleaded gasoline. The pooled data base is comprised of a quarterly time series running from 1963 quarter one through 1979 quarter four, for each of the 48 continuous states. The demand equations are modelled using dynamic theories of demand. Estimates of the respective equations are made with error components and covariance techniques. Optimal control is applied to examine the gasoline-control problem.

Panerali, R.B.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

motor gasoline is projected to be about 1.38 per gallon. As was the case with heating oil, last year's peak average gasoline price, at 1.633 per gallon in June, was the...

98

Refiners have several options for reducing gasoline benzene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the linkage between gasoline benzene content and evaporative, running, and tailpipe emission is not yet defined, the U.S. 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments mandate a benzene content of less than 1.0 vol% in reformulated gasolines. Likewise, the California Air Resources Board plans to restrict benzene to less than about 0.8 vol %. Mobil Research and Development Corp. and Badger Co. Inc. have developed several alternatives for reducing benzene levels in gasoline. Where benzene extraction is viable and maximum catalytic reformer hydrogen is needed, the companies' cumene and ethylbenzene processes are desirable. Mobil's benzene reduction process can be an alternative to benzene hydrosaturation. All of these processes utilize low-value offgas from the fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit.

Goelzer, A.R.; Hernandez-Robinson, A. (Badger Co. Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States)); Ram, S. (Raytheon Engineers and Constructors Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States)); Chin, A.A. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Paulsboro, NJ (United States)); Harandi, M.N.; Smith, C.M. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Princeton, NJ (United States))

1993-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

99

Conventional Gasoline Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

100

Venezuela Gasoline Production & Demand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Change and Uncertainty Today’s gasoline imports essential to meet ... Refinery-based MTBE production and some merchant MTBE facilities will be ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #767: February 18, 2013 Federal Excise  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: February 18, 7: February 18, 2013 Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline, 1932 - 2012 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #767: February 18, 2013 Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline, 1932 - 2012 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #767: February 18, 2013 Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline, 1932 - 2012 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #767: February 18, 2013 Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline, 1932 - 2012 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #767: February 18, 2013 Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline, 1932 - 2012 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #767: February 18, 2013 Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline, 1932 - 2012 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #767: February 18, 2013 Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline, 1932 - 2012 on

102

gasoline | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

gasoline gasoline Dataset Summary Description These data files contain volume, mass, and hardness changes of elastomers and plastics representative exposed to gasoline containing various levels of ethanol. These materials are representative of those used in gasoline fuel storage and dispensing hardware. All values are compared to the original untreated condition. The data sets include results from specimens exposed directly to the fuel liquid and also a set of specimens exposed only to the fuel vapors. Source Mike Kass, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Date Released August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords compatibility elastomers ethanol gasoline plastics polymers Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon plastics_dma_results_san.xlsx (xlsx, 4.9 MiB)

103

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... - - - - - - - - - - - - December ................... - - - - - - - - - - - - 1993 ............................... - - - - - - - - - - - -

104

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 7.1 7.4 19.6 W W 40.7 2.8 2.8 7.0 2.8 - 9.8 February ..................... 7.5 7.8 20.5 17.3 5.1 42.9 2.9 3.0 7.4 2.9 - 10.3 March .......................... 7.5 7.8 20.5 17.1 5.8 43.4 3.0 3.1 7.2 3.0 - 10.2 April ............................ 7.7 8.0 20.6 16.9 3.9 41.3 3.0 3.0 7.3 3.0 - 10.3 May ............................. 8.0 8.2 21.2 17.8 5.2 44.1 3.0 3.0 7.5 3.1 - 10.6 June ............................ 8.4 8.6 21.6 18.5 4.8 44.9 3.2 3.2 7.8 3.3 - 11.0 July ............................. 8.1 8.3 20.8 17.6 5.5 44.0 3.0 3.0 7.6 3.2 - 10.8 August ........................ 8.2 8.5 21.0 18.0 6.6 45.7 3.1 3.1 7.6 3.3 - 10.9 September .................. 8.0 8.3 20.4 W W 43.0 3.2 3.2 7.4 3.0 - 10.5 October ....................... 7.7 8.0 20.5 W W 42.8 3.0 3.0 W W - 10.5 November ...................

105

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 10.7 11.1 26.1 20.5 8.0 54.6 3.3 3.4 7.9 3.3 W 11.3 1997 January ....................... 11.3 11.8 27.2 19.8 7.3 54.3 3.2 3.3 7.9 3.0 W 10.8 February ..................... 12.1 12.6 28.3 20.7 6.9 55.9 3.3 3.4 8.1 3.0 W 11.1 March .......................... 12.4 12.9 28.4 21.2 7.4 57.0 3.4 3.5 8.0 3.1 W 11.1 April ............................ 12.4 12.8 29.0 21.1 7.0 57.1 3.4 3.5 7.9 3.0 W 11.0 May ............................. 12.0 12.4 27.3 21.1 7.9 56.3 3.3 3.4 7.9 3.1 W 11.1 June ............................ 12.2 12.6 27.4 21.5 7.0 56.0 3.4 3.5 7.9 3.2 W 11.1 July ............................. 14.0 14.4 27.5 22.7 6.8 57.0 3.8 3.9 8.0 3.4 W 11.5 August ........................ 14.8 15.1 28.1 23.2 8.5 59.8 3.9 4.0 8.0 3.4 W 11.5 September .................. 14.7 15.1 27.7 22.0 7.3 57.0 3.7 3.8

106

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... 77.9 77.7 72.6 60.3 58.7 65.2 89.8 89.5 77.9 69.0 - 75.4 December ................... 76.4 75.7 72.0 56.7 53.3 63.7 87.8 87.2 77.0 62.5 W 72.6 1994 ...............................

107

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... 0.3 0.3 1.7 0.8 1.4 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 - 0.6 December ................... 6.7 7.0 23.0 W W 47.3 2.0 2.0 7.5 W W 10.7 1994 ...............................

108

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 75.7 75.1 72.1 59.0 56.1 65.0 85.3 84.8 77.1 63.5 - 73.2 February ..................... 74.4 73.8 70.9 59.4 57.5 64.7 83.5 83.1 75.6 64.3 - 72.4 March .......................... 73.0 72.4 69.7 57.4 54.0 62.7 82.1 81.7 74.5 62.1 - 70.9 April ............................ 75.0 74.5 71.4 64.0 59.5 67.3 84.0 83.7 76.4 68.4 - 74.0 May ............................. 80.3 80.0 76.4 69.6 64.8 72.3 89.0 88.8 81.4 74.1 - 79.3 June ............................ 81.8 81.5 77.4 65.9 61.8 71.0 90.4 90.0 81.9 70.8 - 78.6 July ............................. 79.2 78.6 74.2 59.6 58.1 66.3 87.7 87.3 78.2 64.7 - 74.2 August ........................ 75.4 74.8 70.1 59.3 57.5 64.0 83.5 83.1 74.2 64.1 - 71.1 September .................. 72.6 72.2 68.3 60.5 58.0 63.9 80.5 80.2 72.4 64.7 - 70.2 October .......................

109

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 71.4 71.0 67.6 59.2 56.0 63.1 80.9 80.6 72.3 63.8 - 69.9 February ..................... 72.2 71.7 67.8 59.8 56.8 63.2 81.3 81.0 73.1 64.2 - 70.5 March .......................... 76.7 76.3 72.0 65.8 65.5 68.8 86.0 85.7 77.9 70.0 - 75.6 April ............................ 87.7 87.3 83.5 77.0 77.3 80.2 96.5 96.2 88.8 81.4 - 86.7 May ............................. 95.7 95.3 91.7 77.0 74.8 83.4 105.1 104.7 96.8 81.4 - 92.2 June ............................ 93.5 92.9 89.1 70.5 68.0 78.9 103.0 102.4 94.0 75.1 - 88.3 July ............................. 88.8 88.4 85.3 70.7 68.7 77.3 98.6 98.3 90.3 75.2 - 85.6 August ........................ 84.3 84.0 79.9 68.9 65.2 73.4 94.0 93.7 85.1 73.4 W 81.5 September .................. 81.4 81.1 76.8 69.5 66.5 72.6 91.0 90.8 82.3 73.8 W 79.8 October .......................

110

Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000 (Released in the STEO August 1999)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article presents projections of demand and the market price premium for Phase 2 RFG in the year 2000. The projections in this article are based on forecasts in the Short-Term Energy Outlook, which is published monthly by the Energy Information Administration.

Information Center

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program (Released in the STEO June 1999)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act, as amended in 1990 (the Act), required States to identify all areas that do not meet the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone, and directed EPA to designate these areas as ozone nonattainment areas. Section 181 of the Act required EPA to classify each area as a marginal, moderate, serious, severe or extreme ozone nonattainment area. EPA classified all areas that were designated as in nonattainment for ozone at the time of the enactment of the 1990 Amendments, except for certain "nonclassifiable" areas (56 FR 56694, November 6, 1991).

Information Center

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

U.S. Reformulated RBOB Gasoline Blending Components Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil stocks in the ...

113

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - November ... 77.9 77.7 72.6 60.3 58.7 65.2 89.8 89.5 77.9 69.0 - 75.4 December ... 76.4 75.7 72.0 56.7 53.3 63.7 87.8 87.2 77.0 62.5 W 72.6...

114

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1995 January ... 75.7 75.1 72.1 59.0 56.1 65.0 85.3 84.8 77.1 63.5 - 73.2 February ... 74.4 73.8 70.9 59.4 57.5 64.7 83.5 83.1 75.6 64.3 -...

115

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

92.4 92.1 83.7 74.1 W 80.9 1997 January ... 82.4 82.1 77.1 74.3 73.6 75.6 92.1 91.8 82.7 78.1 W 81.4 February ... 82.9 82.6 77.8 71.2 72.9...

116

Net Imports of Reformulated Gasoline into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

117

Impact of California Reformulated Gasoline On Motor Vehicle Emissions. 1. Mass Emission Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CA, Personal communication,Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CA, Personal communication,Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CA, 1994o (8) Auto/Oil A~

Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Singer, Brett C.; Harley, Robert A.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

DOE Awarded Patent for Reformulated Diesel Fuel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Awarded Patent for Reformulated Diesel Fuel Awarded Patent for Reformulated Diesel Fuel DOE Awarded Patent for Reformulated Diesel Fuel May 19, 2006 - 10:46am Addthis Available free of Licensing Fees, Cleaner for the Environment WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced that it has developed, patented, and made commercially available reformulated diesel fuels which when used can reduce nitrogen oxides up to 10% and particulate matter up to 22% compared to those currently available. The diesel fuel formulations covered under this patent will be commercially available for use without licensing or royalty fees. This reformulated diesel fuel patent resulted from research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and its subcontractors. "DOE's personnel continue to bring to the forefront technologies and

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tier 2 Vehicle and Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program

120

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Tenneco upgrades natural gasoline  

SciTech Connect

Tenneco Oil Co. recently completed a natural gasoline upgrading project at its LaPorte, Tex., facility. The project was started in October 1985. The purpose was to fractionate natural gasoline and isomerize the n-pentane component. Three factors made this a particularly attractive project for the LaPorte complex: 1. The phase down of lead in gasoline made further processing of natural gasoline desirable. 2. Idle equipment and trained personnel were available at the plant as a result of a switch of Tenneco's natural gas liquids (NGL) fractionation to its Mont Belvieu, Tex., facility. 3. The plant interconnects with Houston's local markets. It has pipelines to Mont Belvieu, Texas City, and plants along the Houston Ship Channel, as well as truck, tank car, and barge-loading facilities. Here are the details on the operation of the facilities, the changes which were required to enable the plant to operate successfully, and how this conversion was completed in a timely fashion.

O'Gorman, E.K.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

EIA Energy Kids - Gasoline - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

File Scrub L4 ::::: EE ... gasoline_home-basics ... gasoline_history-basics. History of Gasoline The first oil well was dug just before the Civil War.

123

Motor gasolines, Summer 1982  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 796 samples of motor gasoline, were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 22 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

0101,"SPRAGUE ENERGY CORP",1,150,"MOGAS, REFORMULATED",0131,...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

101,"SPRAGUE ENERGY CORP",1,150,"MOGAS, REFORMULATED",0131,"PORTSMOUTH, NH","NH",100,260,"CANADA",240,0,0 0101,"SPRAGUE ENERGY CORP",2,462,"DIST, > 0.05% SUL (DOM.)",0401,"BOSTON,...

125

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

126

El Paso Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Good morning. IÂ’m glad to be here in El Paso to share some of my agencyÂ’s insights on crude oil and gasoline prices. I represent the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. My division has the responsibility to monitor petroleum supplies and prices in the United States. As part of that work, we operate a number of surveys on a weekly, monthly, and annual basis. One of these is a weekly survey of retail gasoline prices at about 800 stations nationwide. This survey in particular allows us to observe the differences between local gasoline markets in the United States. While we track relatively few stations in the El Paso area, we have compared our price data with that collected by the El Paso City-County Health and Environmental District and

127

Gasoline price data systems  

SciTech Connect

Timely observation on prices of gasoline at the wholesale and retail level by geographical area can serve several purposes: (1) to facilitate the monitoring of compliance with controls on distributor margins; (2) to indicate changes in the competitive structure of the distribution system; (3) to measure the incidence of changes in crude oil and refiner costs on retail prices by grade of gasoline, by type of retail outlet, and by geographic area; (4) to identify anomalies in the retail pricing structure that may create incentives for misfueling; and (5) to provide detailed time series data for use in evaluating conservation response to price changes. In order to provide the needed data for these purposes, the following detail on gasoline prices and characteristics of the sampling procedure appear to be appropriate: (1) monthly sample observations on wholesale and retail prices by gasoline grade and type of wholesale or retail dealer, together with volume weights; (2) sample size sufficient to provide detail by state and large cities; (3) responses to be tabulated and reports provided within 30 days after date of observation; and (4) a quick response sampling procedure that can provide weekly data, at least at the national level, when needed in time of rapidly changing prices. Price detail by state is suggested due to its significance for administrative purposes and since gasoline consumption data are estimated by state from other sources. Price detail for large cities are suggested in view of their relevancy as problem areas for vehicle emissions, reflecting one of the analytical uses of the data. In this report, current reporting systems and data on gasoline prices are reviewed and evaluated in terms of the needs outlined above. Recommendations are made for ways to fill the gaps in existing data systems to meet these needs.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Proposed standby gasoline rationing plan: public comments  

SciTech Connect

Under the proposed plan, DOE would allocate ration rights (rights to purchase gasoline) to owners of registered vehicles. All vehicles in a given class would receive the same entitlement. Essential services would receive supplemental allotments of ration rights as pririty firms. Once every 3 months, ration checks would be mailed out to all vehicle registrants, allotting them a certain amount of ration rights. These checks would then be cashed at Coupon Issuance Points, where the bearer would receive ration coupons to be used at gasoline stations. Large users of gasoline could deposit their allotment checks in accounts at ration banks. Coupons or checks would be freely exchangeable in a white market. A certain percentage of the gasoline supply would be set aside in reserve for use in national emergencies. When the plan was published in the Federal Register, public comments were requested. DOE also solicited comments from private citizens, public interest groups, business and industry, state and local governments. A total of 1126 responses were reveived and these are analyzed in this paper. The second part of the report describes how the comments were classified, and gives a statistical breakdown of the major responses. The last section is a discussion and analysis of theissue raised by commenting agencies, firms, associations, and individuals. (MCW)

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Analysis of multiple query reformulations on the web: The interactive information retrieval context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the facets and patterns of multiple Web query reformulations with a focus on reformulation sequences. Based on IR interaction models, it was presumed that query reformulation is the product of the interaction between the user and ... Keywords: Interactive information retrieval, Query reformulation, Web search engine, Web searching

Soo Young Rieh; Hong (Iris) Xie

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Gasoline prices - January 7, 2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7, 2013 Gasoline prices flat this week (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed little movement from last week. Prices remained flat at 3.30 a...

131

Gasoline prices decrease (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.70 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.4 cents from a week ago, based on the...

132

Is the gasoline tax regressive?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Claims of the regressivity of gasoline taxes typically rely on annual surveys of consumer income and expenditures which show that gasoline expenditures are a larger fraction of income for very low income households than ...

Poterba, James M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Gasoline Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

viewing this page, please call (202) 586-8800 Gasoline Price Pass-through EIA Home > Petroleum > Petroleum Feature Articles Gasoline Price Pass-through January 2003 by Michael...

134

European Lean Gasoline Direct Injection Vehicle Benchmark  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lean Gasoline Direct Injection (LGDI) combustion is a promising technical path for achieving significant improvements in fuel efficiency while meeting future emissions requirements. Though Stoichiometric Gasoline Direct Injection (SGDI) technology is commercially available in a few vehicles on the American market, LGDI vehicles are not, but can be found in Europe. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) obtained a European BMW 1-series fitted with a 2.0l LGDI engine. The vehicle was instrumented and commissioned on a chassis dynamometer. The engine and after-treatment performance and emissions were characterized over US drive cycles (Federal Test Procedure (FTP), the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET), and US06 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (US06)) and steady state mappings. The vehicle micro hybrid features (engine stop-start and intelligent alternator) were benchmarked as well during the course of that study. The data was analyzed to quantify the benefits and drawbacks of the lean gasoline direct injection and micro hybrid technologies from a fuel economy and emissions perspectives with respect to the US market. Additionally that data will be formatted to develop, substantiate, and exercise vehicle simulations with conventional and advanced powertrains.

Chambon, Paul H [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Sampling Methodology Gasoline Sampling Methodology The sample for the Motor Gasoline Price Survey was drawn from a frame of approximately 115,000 retail gasoline outlets. The gasoline outlet frame was constructed by combining information purchased from a private commercial source with information contained on existing EIA petroleum product frames and surveys. Outlet names, and zip codes were obtained from the private commercial data source. Additional information was obtained directly from companies selling retail gasoline to supplement information on the frame. The individual frame outlets were mapped to counties using their zip codes. The outlets were then assigned to the published geographic areas as defined by the EPA program area, or for conventional gasoline areas, as defined by the Census Bureau's Standard Metropolitan

136

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? 5/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn't Reflect Potential Volatility Midwest Looking Like Last Year RFG Responding More Strongly Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations.Retail Regular Gasoline Price, Cents per Gallon May 8, 2001 Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices WTI Crude Oil Prices Are Expected To Remain Relatively High Through At Least 2001 Low Total OECD Oil Stocks* Keep Market Balance Tight Low U.S. Stocks Indicate Tight U.S. Market Regional Inventories Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) "New Factor" Contributing to Volatility: Excess Capacity is Gone Regional Refinery Utilization Shows Gulf Coast Pressure

137

Fuel excise taxes and consumer gasoline demand: comparing average retail price effects and gasoline tax effects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Interest in using gasoline taxes as a gasoline consumption reduction policy has increased. This study asks three questions to help determine how consumer gasoline consumption… (more)

Sauer, William

138

Effect of CNG start - gasoline run on emissions from a 3/4 ton pick-up truck  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes experiments to determine the effect on exhaust emissions of starting on compressed natural gas (CNG) and then switching to gasoline once the catalyst reaches operating temperature. Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and detailed exhaust hydrocarbon speciation data were obtained for dedicated CNG, then unleaded gasoline, and finally CNG start - gasoline run using the Federal Test Procedure at 24{degree}C and at -7{degree}C. The results was a reductiopn in emissions from the gasoline baseline, especially at -7{degree}C. It was estimated that CNG start - gasoline run resulted in a 71 percent reduction in potential ozone formation per mile. 3 refs., 6 figs., 11 tabs.

Springer, K.J.; Smith, L.R.; Dickinson, A.G.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

...2 2. Weekly Total Motor Gasoline Inventories and Gasoline-Crude Oil Price Spread ...4 3. Gasoline Product Supplied...

140

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components The components for the gasoline and diesel fuel pumps are calculated in the following manner in cents per gallon and then converted into a percentage: Crude Oil - the monthly average of the composite refiner acquisition cost, which is the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners. Refining Costs & Profits - the difference between the monthly average of the spot price of gasoline or diesel fuel (used as a proxy for the value of gasoline or diesel fuel as it exits the refinery) and the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners (the crude oil component). Distribution & Marketing Costs & Profits - the difference between the average retail price of gasoline or diesel fuel as computed from EIA's

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Gasoline Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Price Pass-through Gasoline Price Pass-through January 2003 by Michael Burdette and John Zyren* The single most visible energy statistic to American consumers is the retail price of gasoline. While the average consumer probably has a general notion that gasoline prices are related to those for crude oil, he or she likely has little idea that gasoline, like most other goods, is priced at many different levels in the marketing chain, and that changes ripple through the system as prices rise and fall. When substantial price changes occur, especially upward, there are often allegations of impropriety, even price gouging, on the part of petroleum refiners and/or marketers. In order to understand the movement of gasoline prices over time, it is necessary to examine the relationship between prices at retail and various wholesale levels.

142

Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

143

Gasoline Volatility - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... anything goes wrong both because of its unique gasoline that not all refiners can make,and because of its geographic distance ... problems with ...

144

California Gasoline Price Study, 2003  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This is the final report to Congressman Ose describing the factors driving California's spring 2003 gasoline price spike and the subsequent price increases in June and August.

Information Center

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Variable-Rate State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state levy taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel. Motor fueltax on gasoline of 7.5 cents per gallon and a “second motormotor fuel taxes could keep pace with changing conditions might be by indexing gasoline taxes

Ang-Olson, Jeffrey; Wachs, Martin; Taylor, Brian D.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

EIA lowers forecast for summer gasoline prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

EIA lowers forecast for summer gasoline prices U.S. gasoline prices are expected to be lower this summer than previously thought. The price for regular gasoline this summer is now...

147

Smokeless Gasoline Fire Test  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the recent concern by environmentalists, the hypothetical accident thermal test can no longer be performed by simply burning gasoline in an open pit. The uncontrolled open pit technique creates thick, dense, black clouds of smoke which are not permitted by local authorities. This paper deals with the design of the fire test facility and the techniques used to eliminate the smoke plume. The techniques include the addition of excess air to the fire in combination with a spray of water mist near the fuel surface. The excess air technique has been used successfully in an experimental setup; it was found that the temperature could be controlled in the neighborhood of the required 1475 degrees F environment and the smoke could be reduced to very low levels. The water spray technique has been successfully used by others in similar applications and, on completion of a permanent fire test facility at Mound Laboratory (anticipated July, 1974), test results will be available. The water is believed to interact with the combustion reaction to provide more complete combustion. The permanent facility will be a 10 x 10 ft cement block enclosure lined with firebrick. It will be 8 ft high on three sides and 4 ft high on one side to provide for observation of the test. A 5000 gal underground tank provides storage for the aviation gasoline which is gravity fed to the fire.

Williams, H.; Griffin, J. F.

1974-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Learn more... Learn more... Price trends and regional differences What causes fluctuations in motor gasoline prices? Retail gasoline prices are mainly affected by crude oil prices and the level of gasoline supply relative to demand. Strong and increasing demand for gasoline and other petroleum products in the United States and the rest of the world at times places intense pressure on available supplies. Even when crude oil prices are stable... read more in Gasoline Explained What causes fluctuations in diesel fuel oil prices? The retail price of a gallon of diesel fuel reflects the underlying costs and profits (or losses) of producing and delivering the product to customers. The price of diesel at the pump reflects the costs and profits of the entire production and distribution chain, including... read more in

149

Delaware Rack Prices for Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, Average: 2.144: 2.529: 1.724: 2.165 - ...

150

South Carolina Rack Prices for Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, Average: 2.136: 2.576: 1.732: 2.127 - ...

151

Price Changes in the Gasoline Market  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1999 Price Changes in the Gasoline Market Are Midwestern Gasoline Prices Downward Sticky? Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the...

152

U.S. Total Gasoline Inventory Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 Notes: Gasoline inventories in the United States began last summer's driving season low and ended low. In October 2000, with the market focusing on distillate, gasoline...

153

EIA initiates daily gasoline availability survey for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

To develop the emergency survey, EIA used the representative sample of retail stations selling gasoline used in EIA's Form EIA-878, "Motor Gasoline ...

154

California Gasoline Price Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND RESOURCES COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES MAY 9, 2005 Mr. Chairman, I appreciate this opportunity to testify today on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) insights into factors affecting recent gasoline prices. EIA is the statutorily chartered statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. We are charged with providing objective, timely, and relevant data, analysis, and projections for the use of the Department of Energy, other Government agencies, the U.S. Congress, and the public. We produce data and analysis reports that are meant to assist policy makers in determining energy policy. Because we have an element of

155

Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Next we examine the wholesale market's added contribution to gasoline price variation and analyze the factors that impact the gasoline balance. There are two points to take away from this chart: The U.S. market moves with the world market, as can be seen with the high inventories in 1998, being drawn down to low levels during 1999. Crude and product markets are not independent. Crude oil and product markets move together fairly closely, with some lead/lag effects during transitions. The relationship between international crude oil markets and domestic product markets raises another issue. A subtle, but very important point, lost in recent discussions of gasoline price increases: The statement has been made that crude markets are not a factor in this past spring's high gasoline prices, since crude prices were

156

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) Impacts

157

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Petroleum > Analysis > Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) ...

158

Puerto Rico Refinery Desulfurization, Gasoline Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Puerto Rico Refinery Desulfurization, Gasoline Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

159

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline outlets. The prices are published around 5:00 p.m. ET Monday, except on government holidays, when the data are released on Tuesday (but still represent Monday's price). The reported price includes all taxes and is the pump price paid by a consumer as of 8:00 A.M. Monday. This price represents the self-serve price except in areas having only full-serve. The price data are used to calculate weighted average price estimates at the city, state, regional and national levels using sales and delivery volume data from other EIA surveys and population estimates from the Bureau of Census.

160

Gasoline Prices at Historical Lows  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Before looking at El Paso gasoline prices, letÂ’s take a minute to look at the U.S. average price for context. Gasoline prices this year, adjusted for inflation, are the lowest ever. Back in March, before prices began to rise ahead of the traditional high-demand season, the U.S. average retail price fell to $1.00 per gallon. Prices rose an average of 7.5 cents, less than the typical seasonal runup, to peak in early June. Since then, prices have fallen back to $1.013. Given recent declines in crude oil and wholesale gasoline prices, we expect retail prices to continue to ease over at least the next few weeks. Since their sharp runup during the energy crises of the 1970Â’s, gasoline prices have actually been non-inflationary. Adjusting the historical prices by the Consumer Price Index, we can see that todayÂ’s

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Notes: This graph illustrates how crude oil explains much of the large movements in gasoline prices that we have seen over time -- such as during the Gulf War at the end of 1990,...

162

Gasoline price spikes and regional gasoline context regulations : a structural approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1999, gasoline prices in California, Illinois and Wisconsin have spiked occasionally well above gasoline prices in nearby states. In May and June 2000, for example, gasoline prices in Chicago rose twenty eight cents ...

Muehlegger, Erich J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The Numbers Game: The Politics of the Federal Surface Transportation Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motor vehicle user tax revenues, including proceeds from gasoline, tire, and heavy vehicle taxes,in gasoline consumption, and hence in motor fuels taxmotor fuels tax. Revenue conflicts have Serious proposals to repeal or suspend portions of the federal gasoline tax

Brown, Jeffrey Richard

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/ Sales Type: Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets Gasoline, All Grades - Other End Users Gasoline, All Grades - Sales for Resale Gasoline, All Grades - DTW (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Rack (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Bulk (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Regular Gasoline - Other End Users Regular Gasoline - Sales for Resale Regular Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Midgrade Gasoline - Other End Users Midgrade Gasoline - Sales for Resale Midgrade Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Premium - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Premium Gasoline - Other End Users Premium Gasoline - Sales for Resale Premium Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Period: Monthly Annual

165

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline outlets. The prices are published around 5:00 p.m. ET Monday, except on government holidays, when the data are released on Tuesday (but still represent Monday's price). The reported price includes all taxes and is the pump price paid by a consumer as of 8:00 A.M. Monday. This price represents the self-serve price except in areas having only full-serve. The price data are used to calculate weighted average price estimates at the city, state, regional and national levels using sales and delivery volume data from other EIA surveys and population estimates from the Bureau of Census.

166

Standby gasoline rationing plan: narrative  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the rationing plan are to provide a mechanism capable of maintaining an orderly and equitable market for gasoline in a severe supply shortfall, and capable of rapid implementation; and to comply with requirements of EPCA, which mandates the development of a contingency rationing plan. Eligibility for ration allotments will be based principally on motor vehicle registration records, maintained in a national vehicle registration file. Supplemental allotments will be granted for certain priority activities to ensure the maintenance of essential public services. Supplemental allotments will also be granted to businesses and government organizations with significant off-highway gasoline requirements. Local rationing boards or other offices will be established by states, to provide special allotments to hardship applicants, within DOE guidelines. The background and history of the plan are described. The gasoline rationing plan operations, government operations, program costs, staffing, and funding are also detailed in this report. (MCW)

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Standby Gasoline Rationing Plan. Contingency gasoline rationing regulations  

SciTech Connect

The Economic Regulatory Administration issues final rules with respect to standby gasoline rationing. The plan is designed for and would be used only in the event of a severe gasoline shortage. The plan provides that eligibility for ration allotments will be primarily on the basis of motor vehicle registrations. DOE will mail government ration checks to the parties named in a national vehicle registration file to be maintained by DOE. Ration recipients may cash these checks for ration coupons at various designated coupon issuance points. Retail outlets and other suppliers will be required to redeem the ration coupons received in exchange for gasoline sold. Supplemental gas will be given to high-priority activities. A ration banking system will be established with two separate and distinct of ration accounts: retail outlets and other suppliers will open redemption accounts for the deposit of redeemed ration rights; and individuals or firms may open ration rights accounts, which will operate in much the same manner as monetary checking accounts. A white market will be permitted for the sale of transfer of ration rights. A percentage of the total ration rights to be issued will be reserved for distribution to the states as a State Ration Reserve, to be used by the states primarily for the relief of hardship. A National Ration Reserave will also be established. All sections of the Standby Gasoline Rationing Regulations are analyzed. (MCW)

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Outlook Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans Tancred Lidderdale Contents 1. Summary 2. MTBE Supply and Demand 3. Ethanol Supply 4. Gasoline Supply 5. Gasoline Prices A. Long-Term Equilibrium Price Analysis B. Short-Term Price Volatility 6. Conclusion 7. Appendix A. Estimating MTBE Consumption by State 8. Appendix B. MTBE Imports and Exports 9. Appendix C. Glossary of Terms 10. End Notes 11. References 1. Summary The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending State bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year. Three impending State bans on MTBE blending could significantly affect gasoline

169

Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

, 2013 Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3 12 cents from a week...

170

Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline decreased for the second week in a row to 3.71 a gallon on Monday. That's down...

171

Gasoline prices continue to rise (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices continue to rise (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.67 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7 cents from a week ago, based on the...

172

Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.61 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3.7 cents from a week ago, based on...

173

Gasoline prices inch down (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices inch down (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the...

174

Household gasoline demand in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuing rapid growth in U.S. gasoline consumption threatens to exacerbate environmental and congestion problems. We use flexible semiparametric and nonparametric methods to guide analysis of household gasoline consumption, ...

Schmalensee, Richard

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update - Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. ...

176

Why Is West Coast Gasoline So Expensive?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Testimony on current gasoline prices as well as the unique situations on the West Coast with regard to prices.

Information Center

2001-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

177

Washington Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

178

North Carolina Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail ...

179

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending State bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year.

Information Center

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Microsoft Word - Gasoline_2008 Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 April 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Motor Gasoline Consumption 2008 A Historical Perspective and Short-Term Projections 1 Highlights * Income growth rates have less of an impact on recent trends in gasoline consumption than in the past, but short-run effects are still significant. * High gasoline prices are once again motivating drivers to conserve by driving less and purchasing more fuel-efficient transportation. * The increasing share of lower-Btu-content ethanol has contributed to a growing divergence between volume-based and energy-content-based measures of trends in gasoline consumption. * Consumer sensitivity to gasoline price changes increases during periods when

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Effect of CNG start-gasoline run on emissions from a 3/4 ton pick-up truck  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes experiments to determine the effect on exhaust emissions of starting on compressed natural gas (CNG) and then switching to gasoline once the catalyst reaches operating temperature. Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and detailed exhaust hydrocarbon speciation data were obtained for dedicated CNG, then unleaded gasoline, and finally CNG start-gasoline run using the Federal Test Procedure at 24{degree}C and at -7{degree}C. The result was a reduction in emissions from the gasoline baseline, especially at -7{degree}C. It was estimated that CNG start - gasoline run resulted in a 71 percent reduction in potential ozone formation per mile. 3 refs., 6 figs., 11 tabs.

Springer, K.J.; Smith, L.R.; Dickinson, A.G.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

U.S. total motor gasoline exports down slightly from last year but ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. ... Total motor gasoline = finished motor gasoline + motor gasoline blending components.

183

Impact of Eliminating Biofuels Production on US Gasoline Prices: An Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of Eliminating Biofuels Production on US Gasoline Prices: An Equilibrium Analysis Joshua to encourage biofuel production. Recent demands for reduced federal spending have increased scrutiny are employed in the US to encourage biofuel production and consumption. The Energy Independence and Security

184

Reformulation of nonlinear integral magnetostatic equations for rapid iterative convergence  

SciTech Connect

The integral equations of magnetostatics, conventionally given in terms of the field variables M and H, are reformulated with M and B. Stability criteria and convergence rates of the eigenvectors of the linear iteration matrices are evaluated. The relaxation factor ..beta.. in the MH approach varies inversely with permeability ..mu.., and nonlinear problems with high permeability converge slowly. In contrast, MB iteration is stable for ..beta.. < 2, and nonlinear problems converge rapidly, at a rate essentially independent of ..mu... For a permeability of 10/sup 3/, the number of iterations is reduced by two orders of magnitude over the conventional method, and at higher permeabilities the reduction is proportionally greater. The dependence of MB convergence rate on ..beta.., degree of saturation, element aspect ratio, and problem size is found numerically. An analytical result for the MB convergence rate for small nonlinear problems is found to be accurate for ..beta..less than or equal to1.2. The results are generally valid for two- and three-dimensional integral methods and are independent of the particular discretization procedures used to compute the field matrix.

Bloomberg, D.S.; Castelli, V.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Essays on gasoline price spikes, environmental regulation of gasoline content, and incentives for refinery operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1999, regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets in the United States have experienced significant price volatility, both intertemporally and across geographic markets. In particular, gasoline prices in California, ...

Muehlegger, Erich J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A Reformulation and Implementation of the Bryan-Cox-Semtner Ocean Model on the Connection Machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Certain aspects of the Semtner-Chervin version of the Bryan-Cox-Semtner global ocean model are reformulated for improved efficiency on parallel computer architectures and on the Connection Machine CM-2 in particular. These changes involve (a) the ...

John K. Dukowicz; Richard D. Smith; Robert C. Malone

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

DOE Energy Information Administration Motor Gasoline Watch  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Watch November 18, 1998. SUPPLY. Higher production levels and a decline in demand contributed to an increase in stocks last week.

188

Regular Gasoline Rack Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, ... History; U.S.-----1994-2013: East Coast (PADD 1) ... Alabama-----1994-2013: Arkansas-----

189

U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Sales to End Users, Average-----1983-2013:

190

Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, ... History; U.S.-----1983-2013: East Coast (PADD 1) ... Alabama-----1983-2013: Arkansas-----

191

Market Power in California's Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the difference in production costs. A number of observersgasoline. The marginal production cost of gasoline includesof imports with similar production costs as in-state, but an

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Lewis, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update - Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

193

EIA's Testimony on Current Gasoline Situation  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On April 25, Dr. John Cook, Petroleum Division Director in the Office of Oil and Gas, testified on West Coast gasoline prices before the Senate Subcommittee on Consumer Affairs , Foreign Commerce, and Tourism. This Subcommittee is under the jurisdiction of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation. Dr. Cook provided the Subcommittee with information on the current gasoline price situation as well as identified unique characteristics of the West Coast gasoline market that help make its gasoline prices generally higher than other regions of the United States.

Information Center

2001-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

194

California Gasoline Price Study, 2003 Preliminary Findings  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This is the preliminary report to Congressman Ose describing the factors driving California's spring 2003 gasoline price spike and the subsequent price increases in June and August.

Information Center

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

2012 Brief: Retail gasoline prices vary significantly ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ... Retail gasoline prices are published by region, for 9 selected states, 10 selected cities, ...

196

Ethanol blending provides another proxy for gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook ... Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... and inventory data that enter into the traditional gasoline product supplied calculation.

197

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update - Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Get the RSS feed. Release Schedule. Details... Procedures, Methodology & CV's Gasoline Diesel fuel. ... How do I calculate/find diesel fuel surcharges? ...

198

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly?  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... this decline comes on the heels of a 33-cent drop in the national average ... the introduction of Phase 2 ... 11 combined to relieve pressure on the gasoline ...

199

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Pump Components History Gasoline Pump Components History WHAT WE PAY FOR IN A GALLON OF REGULAR GASOLINE Mon-yr Retail Price (Dollars per gallon) Refining (percentage) Distribution & Marketing (percentage) Taxes (percentage) Crude Oil (percentage) Jan-00 1.289 7.8 13.0 32.1 47.1 Feb-00 1.377 17.9 7.5 30.1 44.6 Mar-00 1.517 15.4 12.8 27.3 44.6 Apr-00 1.465 10.1 20.2 28.3 41.4 May-00 1.485 20.2 9.2 27.9 42.7 Jun-00 1.633 22.2 8.8 25.8 43.1 Jul-00 1.551 13.2 15.8 27.2 43.8 Aug-00 1.465 15.8 7.5 28.8 47.8 Sep-00 1.550 15.4 9.0 27.2 48.3 Oct-00 1.532 13.7 10.1 27.5 48.6 Nov-00 1.517 10.4 11.8 27.8 50.0 Dec-00 1.443 8.0 17.9 29.2 44.8 Jan-01 1.447 17.8 10.4 29.2 42.7 Feb-01 1.450 17.3 11.0 29.1 42.6 Mar-01 1.409 18.8 9.7 30.0 41.5

200

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices EIA released a new analytical report entitled Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008. It includes a discussion of scheduled refinery outages in 2008 prepared in accordance with Section 804 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007, which requires EIA to review and analyze information on such outages from commercial reporting services and assess to their expected effects on the price and supply of gasoline. Changes in wholesale gasoline prices relative to crude oil are determined by the tightness between gasoline supply (production and net imports) and demand. Expectations for U.S. gasoline supply relative to demand are for a more favorable situation in January through May 2008 than was the case in the comparable 2007 period. Demand growth, which varies seasonally and depends on economic factors, is expected to slow. New gasoline supply is affected by refinery outages, refinery run decisions, and import variations. Planned refinery outages for January through May 2008 are lower than for the same period in 2007. Given lower planned outages and assuming the return of unplanned outages to more typical levels, including the return of BP's Texas City refinery to full operation, gasoline production could increase between 100 and 200 thousand barrels per day over last year's level, depending on the market incentives. In addition, ethanol use, which adds to gasoline supply, is expected to continue to increase. Considering the uncertainty in all the gasoline supply components, there is little likelihood of events combining in 2008 to lead to the kind of tight supply downstream from crude oil markets seen in spring 2007. In summary, refinery outage and import impacts should contribute less to gasoline price increases in 2008 than in 2007. If all of the low-range estimates for supply occurred, total gasoline supply would increase about 200 thousand barrels per day (Figure S1). However, record crude oil prices are nonetheless pushing current and expected gasoline prices to record levels.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

How much gasoline does the United States consume? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much gasoline does the United States consume? In 2012, ... (or 3.18 billion barrels) of gasoline where consumed 2 in the United States, ...

202

Maryland DTW Prices for Motor Gasoline - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, Average: 2.259: 2.688: 1.820: 2.261 - ...

203

Michigan Rack Prices for Motor Gasoline - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, Average: 2.191: 2.555: 1.758: 2.140 - ...

204

Massachusetts Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

205

Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or Rent Gasoline and Motor Oil Income after taxes Number ofor Rent Gasoline and Motor Oil Income after taxes Number of

Gicheva, Dora; Hastings, Justine; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

At end of summer driving season, gasoline prices are lower ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline ... the U.S. national average retail price for regular gasoline has fallen 13 cents per gallon below the apparent summer peak of ...

207

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #540: October 13, 2008 Gasoline...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

40: October 13, 2008 Gasoline Prices Adjusted for Inflation to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 540: October 13, 2008 Gasoline Prices Adjusted for...

208

Impact of Ethanol Blending on U.S. Gasoline Prices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study assesses the impact of ethanol blending on gasoline prices in the US today and the potential impact of ethanol on gasoline prices at higher blending concentrations.

Not Available

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Why has diesel fuel been more expensive than gasoline? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Why has diesel fuel been more expensive than gasoline? On-highway diesel fuel prices have been higher than regular gasoline prices almost continuously ...

210

Gasoline Price Differences Caused by:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: While my agency cannot be expert in every local gasoline market in the United States, we are familiar with a number of factors that can account for significant differences in prices between markets: Proximity of supply - distance from the refineries supplying the local market. Additionally, the proximity of those refineries to crude oil supplies can be a factor, as well as shipping logistics, including pipeline or waterborne, from refinery to market. Cost of supply - including crude oil, refinery operating, and transportation costs. Supply/demand balance - some regions are typically in excess or short supply, while others may vary seasonally, or when supply interruptions (such as refinery shutdowns) occur. Competitive environment - including the number of suppliers, and the

211

Chicago Gasoline - WTI Spot Spread - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Chicago Gasoline - WTI Spot Spread. Previous slide: Next slide: Back to first slide: View graphic version

212

Colorado Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Colorado Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

213

Michigan Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

214

Chemistry Impacts in Gasoline HCCI  

SciTech Connect

The use of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines is of interest because it has the potential to produce low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions while providing diesel-like efficiency. In HCCI combustion, a premixed charge of fuel and air auto-ignites at multiple points in the cylinder near top dead center (TDC), resulting in rapid combustion with very little flame propagation. In order to prevent excessive knocking during HCCI combustion, it must take place in a dilute environment, resulting from either operating fuel lean or providing high levels of either internal or external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Operating the engine in a dilute environment can substantially reduce the pumping losses, thus providing the main efficiency advantage compared to spark-ignition (SI) engines. Low NOx and PM emissions have been reported by virtually all researchers for operation under HCCI conditions. The precise emissions can vary depending on how well mixed the intake charge is, the fuel used, and the phasing of the HCCI combustion event; but it is common for there to be no measurable PM emissions and NOx emissions <10 ppm. Much of the early HCCI work was done on 2-stroke engines, and in these studies the CO and hydrocarbon emissions were reported to decrease [1]. However, in modern 4-stroke engines, the CO and hydrocarbon emissions from HCCI usually represent a marked increase compared with conventional SI combustion. This literature review does not report on HCCI emissions because the trends mentioned above are well established in the literature. The main focus of this literature review is the auto-ignition performance of gasoline-type fuels. It follows that this discussion relies heavily on the extensive information available about gasoline auto-ignition from studying knock in SI engines. Section 2 discusses hydrocarbon auto-ignition, the octane number scale, the chemistry behind it, its shortcomings, and its relevance to HCCI. Section 3 discusses the effects of fuel volatility on fuel and air mixing and the consequences it has on HCCI. The effects of alcohol fuels on HCCI performance, and specifically the effects that they have on the operable speed/load range, are reviewed in Section 4. Finally, conclusions are drawn in Section 5.

Szybist, James P [ORNL; Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Reformulated All Formulations Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

216

Summer 2002 Motor Gasoline Outlook2.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summer 2002 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2002), rising average crude oil costs are expected to yield above -average seasonal gasoline price increases at the pump. However, year-over-year comparisons for pump prices are still likely to be lower this summer. Inventories are at higher levels than last year in April, so some cushion against early-season price spikes is in place and price levels are expected to range below last year's averages, assuming no unanticipated disruptions. Still, OPEC production restraint and tightening world oil markets now probably mark the end of the brief respite (since last fall) from two years of relatively high gasoline prices. * Retail gasoline prices (regular grade) are expected to average $1.46 per gallon, 5

217

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? As of October 29, 2001, the national average retail price of regular gasoline was $1.235 per gallon, its lowest level since November 8, 1999 (Figure 1). The average price has fallen 29 cents in 6 weeks since September 17, with further declines perhaps to come. The sharpest decline has been in the Midwest (Petroleum Administration for Defense District 2), where the average has dropped 57 cents in 8 weeks since Labor Day (September 3). Additionally, this decline comes on the heels of a 33-cent drop in the national average in 10 weeks from Memorial Day through August 6, interrupted only by a brief 17-cent rise in August. In total, the national average retail gasoline price has fallen nearly 48 cents from its peak on May 14. This is already the widest one-year range in retail prices

218

Minnesota Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Area: Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History; Gasoline - All Grades: 3 ...

219

2003 California Gasoline Price Study (preliminary version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

SR/O&G/2003-01 2003 California Gasoline Price Study: Preliminary Findings May 2003 Office of Oil and Gas Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy

220

Gasoline prices continue to fall (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

price for regular gasoline fell to 3.52 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Gasoline prices continue to fall (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

price for regular gasoline fell to 3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's down 6.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration....

222

Gasoline price up this week (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

price for regular gasoline rose to 3.36 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration....

223

Gasoline prices up this week (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for regular gasoline rose to 3.75 a gallon on Monday. That's up almost 14 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration....

224

Gasoline price shows small increase (Short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

price for regular gasoline rose to 3.32 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration....

225

Washington Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

3.930: 3.875: 3.809: 2003-2013-= No Data Reported; ... EIA did not collect weekly retail motor gasoline data between December 10, 1990 and January 14, 1991.

226

Gasoline price shows small increase (long version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed little movement from last week. Prices rose 410 of a cent to 3.30 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly...

227

Conversion of waste organic material to gasoline  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present status of a development project to convert organic waste material to gasoline has been described. The method is based on the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of straight-chain hydrocarbons from the pyrolysis gas with the subsequent reforming of these hydrocarbons to gasoline. The concept appears technically feasible. Implementation on a large scale is dependent on refinements in process performance and demonstrated operational reliability. If these objectives are achieved, the process economics could be attractive.

Kuester, J.L.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Trends in motor gasolines: 1942-1981  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trends in motor gasolines for the years of 1942 through 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. The surveys have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948. Various companies from throughout the country obtain samples from retail outlets, analyze the samples by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures, and report data to the Bartlesville center for compilation, tabulation, calculation, analysis and publication. A typical motor gasoline report covers 2400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots, and tables of test results from about a dozen different tests. From these data in 77 semiannual surveys, a summary report has thus been assembled that shows trends in motor gasolines throughout the entire era of winter 1942 to 1943 to the present. Trends of physical properties including octane numbers, antiknock ratings, distillation temperatures, Reid vapor pressure, sulfur and lead content are tabulated, plotted and discussed in the current report. Also included are trend effects of technological advances and the interactions of engine design, societal and political events and prices upon motor gasoline evolution during the 40 year period.

Shelton, E M; Whisman, M L; Woodward, P W

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

DIGMA: a role playing game with agent plan reformulation and situational reassessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been used in various game genres such as strategy, adventure, and role-playing. Though it is widely used, there are still many issues that have yet to be addressed. Among these issues are the need for detection and handling ... Keywords: machine learning, multi-agent system, plan reformulation, role-playing game, situational reassessment

Paul Inventado; Merlin Suarez; Stephen Dellosa; Deryk De Guzman; Paul Lao

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Automatic Reformulation of Children's Search Queries Maarten van Kalsbeek, Joost de Wit, Dolf Trieschnigg,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Terms Algorithms, Human Factors, Design Keywords Automatic Query Expansion, Search Behavior, 1 children may make. Most of the search engines offer only the possibility to enter a Boolean queryAutomatic Reformulation of Children's Search Queries Maarten van Kalsbeek, Joost de Wit, Dolf

Hiemstra, Djoerd

231

C.A.: Reformulating CSPs for Scalability with Application to Geospatial Reasoning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. While many real-world combinatorial problems can be advantageously modeled and solved using Constraint Programming, scalability remains a major issue in practice. Constraint models that accurately reflect the inherent structure of a problem, solvers that exploit the properties of this structure, and reformulation techniques that modify the problem encoding to reduce the cost of problem solving are typically used to overcome the complexity barrier. In this paper, we investigate such approaches in a geospatial reasoning task, the buildingidentification problem (BID), introduced and modeled as a Constraint Satisfaction Problem by Michalowski and Knoblock [1]. We introduce an improved constraint model, a custom solver for this problem, and a number of reformulation techniques that modify various aspects of the problem encoding to improve scalability. We show how interleaving these reformulations with the various stages of the solver allows us to solve much larger BID problems than was previously possible. Importantly, we describe the usefulness of our reformulations techniques for general Constraint Satisfaction Problems, beyond the BID application. 1

Kenneth M. Bayer; Martin Michalowski; Berthe Y. Choueiry; Craig A. Knoblock

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Towards OLAP query reformulation in peer-to-peer data warehousing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inter-business collaborative contexts prefigure a distributed scenario where companies organize and coordinate themselves to develop common and shared opportunities. Traditional business intelligence systems do not provide support to this end. Peer Data ... Keywords: data warehouse integration, peer-to-peer architecture, query reformulation, schema mapping

Matteo Golfarelli; Federica Mandreoli; Wilma Penzo; Stefano Rizzi; Elisa Turricchia

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

The potential for low petroleum gasoline  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Energy Policy Act requires the Secretary of Energy to determine the feasibility of producing sufficient replacement fuels to replace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuels by light duty vehicles in the year 2010. The Act also requires the Secretary to determine the greenhouse gas implications of the use of replacement fuels. A replacement fuel is a non-petroleum portion of gasoline, including certain alcohols, ethers, and other components. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model has been used to study the cost and refinery impacts for production of {open_quotes}low petroleum{close_quotes} gasolines, which contain replacement fuels. The analysis suggests that high oxygenation is the key to meeting the replacement fuel target, and a major contributor to cost increase is investment in processes to produce and etherify light olefins. High oxygenation can also increase the costs of control of vapor pressure, distillation properties, and pollutant emissions of gasolines. Year-round low petroleum gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components might be produced with cost increases of 23 to 37 cents per gallon of gasoline, and with greenhouse gas emissions changes between a 3 percent increase and a 16 percent decrease. Crude oil reduction, with decreased dependence on foreign sources, is a major objective of the low petroleum gasoline program. For year-round gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components, crude oil use is reduced by 10 to 12 percent, at a cost $48 to $89 per barrel. Depending upon resolution of uncertainties about extrapolation of the Environmental Protection Agency Complex Model for pollutant emissions, availability of raw materials and other issues, costs could be lower or higher.

Hadder, G.R.; Webb, G.M.; Clauson, M.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Motor gasolines, winter 1982-83  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical data for 1330 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 28 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.5 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 89.1 for leaded below 93.0, and no data was reported in this report for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above. 21 figures, 5 tables.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

PADD 5 Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

531 3.526 3.538 3.581 3.602 3.581 1993-2014 531 3.526 3.538 3.581 3.602 3.581 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.395 3.386 3.384 3.401 3.423 3.420 1995-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.587 3.582 3.600 3.654 3.675 3.647 1995-2014 Regular 3.477 3.472 3.483 3.526 3.547 3.526 1992-2014 Conventional Areas 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 1992-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.535 3.531 3.549 3.603 3.624 3.595 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.618 3.611 3.626 3.668 3.690 3.669 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.479 3.471 3.470 3.483 3.510 3.508 1995-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.660 3.654 3.673 3.725 3.746 3.718 1995-2014 Premium 3.730 3.721 3.736 3.777 3.799 3.782 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.633 3.619 3.617 3.632 3.655 3.659 1995-2014 Reformulated Areas

236

New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

722 3.734 3.749 3.774 3.785 3.741 2000-2014 722 3.734 3.749 3.774 3.785 3.741 2000-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.730 3.734 3.735 3.757 3.768 3.749 2000-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.716 3.735 3.761 3.789 3.799 3.734 2000-2014 Regular 3.618 3.635 3.649 3.679 3.690 3.644 2000-2014 Conventional Areas 3.638 3.647 3.649 3.672 3.683 3.661 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.600 3.624 3.650 3.686 3.697 3.629 2000-2014 Midgrade 3.853 3.858 3.875 3.889 3.898 3.860 2000-2014 Conventional Areas 3.826 3.831 3.833 3.847 3.853 3.843 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.870 3.875 3.902 3.916 3.928 3.871 2000-2014 Premium 3.984 3.988 4.001 4.016 4.025 3.988 2000-2014 Conventional Areas 3.986 3.979 3.975 3.998 4.008 3.997 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas

237

Texas Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

034 3.066 3.217 3.198 3.179 3.120 2000-2013 034 3.066 3.217 3.198 3.179 3.120 2000-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.034 3.051 3.204 3.184 3.168 3.123 2000-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.035 3.088 3.237 3.219 3.196 3.115 2000-2013 Regular 2.959 2.989 3.146 3.125 3.108 3.048 2000-2013 Conventional Areas 2.967 2.985 3.142 3.119 3.107 3.059 2000-2013 Reformulated Areas 2.946 2.996 3.152 3.133 3.110 3.030 2000-2013 Midgrade 3.149 3.186 3.320 3.305 3.284 3.226 2000-2013 Conventional Areas 3.130 3.153 3.286 3.275 3.254 3.212 2000-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.177 3.234 3.368 3.346 3.326 3.246 2000-2013 Premium 3.312 3.346 3.483 3.472 3.443 3.389 2000-2013 Conventional Areas 3.295 3.309 3.452 3.440 3.411 3.376 2000-2013 Reformulated Areas

238

Chicago Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

77 3.721 3.632 3.557 3.568 3.561 2000-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.777 3.721 3.632 3.557 3.568 3.561 2000-2013 Regular 3.710 3.654 3.565 3.491 3.501 3.495 2000-2013...

239

Boston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

03 3.662 3.615 3.575 3.523 3.481 2003-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.703 3.662 3.615 3.575 3.523 3.481 2003-2013 Regular 3.630 3.589 3.546 3.499 3.443 3.397 2003-2013...

240

San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

098 4.079 4.015 3.971 3.936 3.901 2000-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 4.098 4.079 4.015 3.971 3.936 3.901 2000-2013 Regular 4.054 4.033 3.969 3.924 3.889 3.856 2000-2013...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Houston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

371 3.294 3.242 3.175 3.156 3.159 2000-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.371 3.294 3.242 3.175 3.156 3.159 2000-2013 Regular 3.276 3.198 3.146 3.082 3.063 3.064 2000-2013...

242

Motor gasoline from shale oil. [Review of selected research on upgrading shale gasoline  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Shale oil produced from oil shale of the Rocky Mountain region by many of the usual retorting processes consists mainly of high boiling compounds of nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen; less than half of the oil consists of hydrocarbons. Selected research on the upgrading of shale oil is reviewed. Thermal cracking of the oil followed by acid and caustic treating of the gasoline fraction has produced stable gasolines with low to moderate octane numbers. Hydrogenating the raw crude oil has produced higher yields of stable gasolines, also with low to moderate octane numbers. The yields and octane numbers of the gasolines are dependent on the hydrogenation temperatures used. Low-octane hydrogenated gasoline has been catalytically reformed over platinum-containing catalyst to produce high-octane motor fuel.

Cottingham, P.L.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: August 4, 9: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on AddThis.com... Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations The number of retail outlets that sell gasoline to the public has declined by 17.7% from 1993 to 2002 - from 207,416 in 1993, to 170,678 in 2002.

244

Low Gasoline Stocks Indicate Increased Odds of Spring Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

We cannot just focus on distillate. Gasoline will likely be our next We cannot just focus on distillate. Gasoline will likely be our next major concern. Gasoline stock levels have fallen well below the typical band for this time of year, primarily for the same reason distillate stocks fell to low levels -- namely relatively low production due to low margins. At the end of January, total gasoline inventories were almost 13 million barrels (6%) below the low end of the normal band. While gasoline stocks are generally not as important a supply source to the gasoline market this time of year as are distillate stocks to the distillate market, gasoline stocks still are needed. Gasoline stocks are usually used to help meet gasoline demand during February and March as refiners go through maintenance and turnarounds, but we do not have the

245

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal...

246

federal agency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Federal Agency Information. ... Information on Biometric Standards. Analysis Model for Selection of Concensus Standards.

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

247

Adsorbent-treated cat cracked gasoline in motor fuels  

SciTech Connect

A methof is described for supressing carburetor deposit formation of motor fuels containing untreated cat cracked gasoline by blending adsorbent-treated cat cracked gasoline into the motor fuel. Up to about 50 percent by weight of the total composition is adsorbent treated cat cracked gasoline, but preferably from about 5 to about 25 percent by weight of the total composition is adsorbent treated cat cracked gasoline. In a preferred embodiment a standard reference fuel capable of providing a predetermined level of carburetor deposit formation is provided by the addition of either adsorbent-treated cat cracked gasoline, untreated cat cracked gasoline, or aromatic amines to a base fuel.

Thomas, S.P.

1980-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2003 Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2003), high crude oil costs and other factors are expected to yield average retail motor gasoline prices higher than those of last year. Current crude oil prices reflect a substantial uncertainty premium due to concerns about the current conflict in the Persian Gulf, lingering questions about whether Venezuelan oil production will recover to near pre-strike levels in time for the peak driving season, and the impact of recent disruptions in Nigerian oil output. Moreover, unusually low crude oil and gasoline inventory levels at the outset of the driving season are expected to keep prices high throughout much of the

249

Metropolitan functional specialization, transportation, and gasoline consumption  

SciTech Connect

This study examines metropolitan functional specialization relative to urban commuting patterns and per capita gasoline consumption in 55 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas throughout the United States. Under the concept of sustenance organization in human ecology, social scientists have documented support for the importance of the key urban economic function for composition and distribution of population and firms in cities. However, sociological and ecological knowledge of the relationships of functional specialization, commuting, and transportation energy use is extremely limited. The present research utilizes the concept of function specialization and the framework of the ecological complex in developing relationships and models of personal daily urban travel patterns and gasoline use. The effort is made to examine human ecological factors in a physical approach to energy consumption. Relationships are tested using correlation matrices, regression analyses, and scatterplots where necessary. The findings indicate that the functional specialization of communities is significant in accounting for variance and patterns in their commuting travel and per capita gasoline consumption.

Hoffman, W.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Gasoline from Wood via Integrated Gasification, Synthesis, and Methanol-to-Gasoline Technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) assessment of the feasibility of making gasoline via the methanol-to-gasoline route using syngas from a 2,000 dry metric tonne/day (2,205 U.S. ton/day) biomass-fed facility. A new technoeconomic model was developed in Aspen Plus for this study, based on the model developed for NREL's thermochemical ethanol design report (Phillips et al. 2007). The necessary process changes were incorporated into a biomass-to-gasoline model using a methanol synthesis operation followed by conversion, upgrading, and finishing to gasoline. Using a methodology similar to that used in previous NREL design reports and a feedstock cost of $50.70/dry ton ($55.89/dry metric tonne), the estimated plant gate price is $16.60/MMBtu ($15.73/GJ) (U.S. $2007) for gasoline and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) produced from biomass via gasification of wood, methanol synthesis, and the methanol-to-gasoline process. The corresponding unit prices for gasoline and LPG are $1.95/gallon ($0.52/liter) and $1.53/gallon ($0.40/liter) with yields of 55.1 and 9.3 gallons per U.S. ton of dry biomass (229.9 and 38.8 liters per metric tonne of dry biomass), respectively.

Phillips, S. D.; Tarud, J. K.; Biddy, M. J.; Dutta, A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Motor Gasoline Market Model documentation report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Motor Gasoline Market Model (MGMM), describe its basic approach and to provide detail on model functions. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. The MGMM performs a short-term (6- to 9-month) forecast of demand and price for motor gasoline in the US market; it also calculates end of month stock levels. The model is used to analyze certain market behavior assumptions or shocks and to determine the effect on market price, demand and stock level.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Michigan Fleet Reduces Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on AddThis.com... Feb. 11, 2010 Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use D iscover how the City of Ann Arbor reduced municipal fleet gas and diesel

253

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: February 26, 8: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on AddThis.com... Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations

254

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study 8/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price Correlation of Price to Inventory Levels Crude Prices Strongly Related to OECD.Crude & Product Inventories Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices Cumulative Gasoline Price Pass-through Illustration of How Lag Effect Dampens and Slows Retail Price Changes from Wholesale Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected Summary: Most Gasoline Price Movement Can Be Explained As Rational Market Behavior Author: Joanne Shore

255

U.S. gasoline prices decreased (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

December 2, 2013 U.S. gasoline prices decreased (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.27 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a...

256

How much carbon dioxide is produced by burning gasoline and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much carbon dioxide is produced by burning gasoline and diesel fuel? About 19.64 pounds of carbon dioxide (CO 2) are produced from burning a gallon of gasoline ...

257

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #27: April 21, 1997 Gasoline...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: April 21, 1997 Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Prices for Selected Countries: 1996 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 27: April 21, 1997 Gasoline and Diesel...

258

April 2006 Factsheet: How to Beat High Gasoline Prices | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 2006 Factsheet: How to Beat High Gasoline Prices April 2006 Factsheet: How to Beat High Gasoline Prices A fact sheet from April 2006 on ways for consumers to reduce their...

259

Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, 2000-2006 Figure I:Weekly Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices for 2001- 2006 Crudeargue that increases in oil prices may lead to recessions

Gicheva, Dora; Hastings, Justine; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn't Reflect Potential...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Notes: EIA's gasoline price forecast has gasoline prices, on a monthly average, possibly exceeding 1.70 per gallon. Of course, weekly prices would likely peak this summer even...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. HeffnerImage in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. Heffner,6, 2005 Abstract Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have image,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6, 2005 Abstract Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have image,Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. HeffnerImage in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. Heffner,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.A meta-analysis of the price elasticity of gasoline demand.2007. Consumer demand un- der price uncertainty: Empirical

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global gasoline and diesel price and income elasticities.shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.Habits and Uncertain Relative Prices: Simulating Petrol Con-

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Microsoft Word - Summer 2004 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 2004 April 2004 Summer 2004 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary * Gasoline markets are tight as the 2004 driving season begins and conditions are likely to remain volatile through the summer. High crude oil costs, strong gasoline demand growth, low gasoline inventories, uncertainty about the availability of gasoline imports, high transportation costs, and changes in gasoline specifications have added to current and expected gasoline costs and pump prices. * For the upcoming summer driving season (April to September 2004), retail gasoline prices (regular grade, all formulations) are projected to average $1.76 per gallon, about 20 cents above last summer. A 95-percent confidence range for the summer price average, excluding specific consideration of major

266

Weather and other events can cause disruptions to gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. ... Weather and other events can cause disruptions to gasoline infrastructure and ...

267

National Survey of E85 and Gasoline Prices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Study compares the prices of E85 and regular gasoline nationally and regionally over time for one year.

Bergeron, P.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Alabama Aviation Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual : Download Data (XLS File) Alabama Aviation Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier ... Alabama Prices, ...

269

Price spread between regular and premium gasoline has changed over ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, ... more cost savings result from reducing octane levels for premium gasoline blendstock ...

270

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update Data Revision Notice  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. ...

271

Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Use of Portable Gasoline ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Health hazard assessment of CO poisoning associated with emissions from a portable, 5.5 Kilowatt, gasoline-powered generator. ...

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

272

Weather and other events can cause disruptions to gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weather and other events can cause disruptions to gasoline infrastructure and supply. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration.

273

Why do Motor Gasoline Prices Vary Regionally? California Case Study  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Analysis of the difference between the retail gasoline prices in California and the average U.S. retail prices.

Information Center

1998-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

Price spread between regular and premium gasoline has changed ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power plant ... period coincides with increased blending of ethanol into the motor gasoline ... savings result from reducing octane levels ...

275

Estimating Impacts of Diesel Fuel Reformulation with Vector-based Blending  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model has been used to study the refining cost, investment, and operating impacts of specifications for reformulated diesel fuel (RFD) produced in refineries of the U.S. Midwest in summer of year 2010. The study evaluates different diesel fuel reformulation investment pathways. The study also determines whether there are refinery economic benefits for producing an emissions reduction RFD (with flexibility for individual property values) compared to a vehicle performance RFD (with inflexible recipe values for individual properties). Results show that refining costs are lower with early notice of requirements for RFD. While advanced desulfurization technologies (with low hydrogen consumption and little effect on cetane quality and aromatics content) reduce the cost of ultra low sulfur diesel fuel, these technologies contribute to the increased costs of a delayed notice investment pathway compared to an early notice investment pathway for diesel fuel reformulation. With challenging RFD specifications, there is little refining benefit from producing emissions reduction RFD compared to vehicle performance RFD. As specifications become tighter, processing becomes more difficult, blendstock choices become more limited, and refinery benefits vanish for emissions reduction relative to vehicle performance specifications. Conversely, the emissions reduction specifications show increasing refinery benefits over vehicle performance specifications as specifications are relaxed, and alternative processing routes and blendstocks become available. In sensitivity cases, the refinery model is also used to examine the impact of RFD specifications on the economics of using Canadian synthetic crude oil. There is a sizeable increase in synthetic crude demand as ultra low sulfur diesel fuel displaces low sulfur diesel fuel, but this demand increase would be reversed by requirements for diesel fuel reformulation.

Hadder, G.R.

2003-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Author's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 2010 Keywords: Gasoline prices Traffic crashes Traffic safety Age Gender Race Problem: Limited-grade unleaded gasoline price data from the Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy were used to investigate the effects of gasoline prices on traffic safety by age, gender, and race

Levinson, David M.

277

LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL P. Dirrenberger1 , P.A. Glaude*1 (2014) 162-169" DOI : 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.07.015 #12;2 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES, Sweden Abstract The adiabatic laminar burning velocities of a commercial gasoline and of a model fuel (n

278

Price changes in the gasoline market: Are Midwestern gasoline prices downward sticky?  

SciTech Connect

This report examines a recurring question about gasoline markets: why, especially in times of high price volatility, do retail gasoline prices seem to rise quickly but fall back more slowly? Do gasoline prices actually rise faster than they fall, or does this just appear to be the case because people tend to pay more attention to prices when they`re rising? This question is more complex than it might appear to be initially, and it has been addressed by numerous analysts in government, academia and industry. The question is very important, because perceived problems with retail gasoline pricing have been used in arguments for government regulation of prices. The phenomenon of prices at different market levels tending to move differently relative to each other depending on direction is known as price asymmetry. This report summarizes the previous work on gasoline price asymmetry and provides a method for testing for asymmetry in a wide variety of situations. The major finding of this paper is that there is some amount of asymmetry and pattern asymmetry, especially at the retail level, in the Midwestern states that are the focus of the analysis. Nevertheless, both the amount asymmetry and pattern asymmetry are relatively small. In addition, much of the pattern asymmetry detected in this and previous studies could be a statistical artifact caused by the time lags between price changes at different points in the gasoline distribution system. In other words, retail gasoline prices do sometimes rise faster than they fall, but this is largely a lagged market response to an upward shock in the underlying wholesale gasoline or crude oil prices, followed by a return toward the previous baseline. After consistent time lags are factored out, most apparent asymmetry disappears.

NONE

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The Social-Cost Calculator (SCC): Documentation of Methods and Data, and Case Study of Sacramento  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plus state excise taxes on motor gasoline, March 2002 (FHWA,motor fuel CA CA:US Notes Price of regular reformulated gasoline, before taxes,motor fuel has several relevant components: Fuel taxes are federal, state, and local excise and sales taxes on gasoline

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

THE SOCIAL-COST CALCULATOR (SCC): DOCUMENTATION OF METHODS AND DATA, AND CASE STUDY OF SACRAMENTO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plus state excise taxes on motor gasoline, March 2002 (FHWA,motor fuel CA CA:US Notes Price of regular reformulated gasoline, before taxes,motor fuel has several relevant components: Fuel taxes are federal, state, and local excise and sales taxes on gasoline

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Management...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Energy Management Program Contacts to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Management Program Contacts on Facebook Tweet about Federal...

282

Energy prices: Gasoline price increases in early 1985 interrupted previous trend  

SciTech Connect

In 1985, wholesale gasoline prices did not continue the downward trend begun in 1981 despite a continuing decline in crude oil prices. As a result, the spread between these two prices increased in 1985, but only to a level approximating what existed in 1981 and 1982. The Federal Trade Commission investigated two proposed mergers between Texaco, Inc., with Getty Oil Company and Chevron Corporation with Gulf Corporation that had the potential for anticompetitive effects. Using a regression analysis, GAO suggests that increases in concentration at the state level have a positive association with gasoline prices. Because the required divestitures eliminated the increases in concentration exceeding the merger guidelines, GAO believes the two mergers would have had only a small effect on prices.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Engines - Fuel Injection and Spray Research - Gasoline Sprays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Sprays Gasoline Sprays Animated image of fuel emerging from a gasoline injector Animated image of fuel emerging from a gasoline injector (simulated environment). Some newer automobiles in the U.S. use gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines. These advanced gasoline engines inject the fuel directly into the engine cylinder rather than into the intake port. These engines can achieve higher fuel efficiency, but they depend on a precise fuel/air mixture at the spark plug to initiate ignition. This leads to more stringent requirements on spray quality and reproducibility. GDI also enables new combustion strategies for gasoline engines such as lean burn engines that use less fuel and air. Lean burn engines may achieve efficiencies near those of diesels while producing low emissions. This

284

Why Are Gasoline Prices Rising so Fast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Statement of John Cook Statement of John Cook Before the Committee on Government Reform Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs U.S. House of Representatives June 14, 2001 Thank you Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee for the opportunity to testify today. Gasoline prices have begun declining, as expected, from this spring's apparent peak price of $1.71 on May 14, with the national average for regular gasoline at $1.65 per gallon as of June 11 (Figure 1). Between late March and mid-May, retail prices rose 31 cents per gallon, with some regions experiencing even greater increases. Like last year, Midwest consumers saw some of the largest increases, and along with California, some of the highest prices. Prices in the Midwest increased 43 cents per

285

Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Gasoline Surrogate Mixtures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, a recently revised version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multi-component gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines. Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

286

Vehicle trends and future gasoline needs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The passenger car continues to change at a rapid pace, responding both to customers' preferences and to regulations. Vehicle trends place demands on the powertrain for high specific output, efficiency and reliability. Engine design and calibration must be optimized to utilize available fuel octane fully since low speed knock remains a significant constraint. Emerging capabilities for engine control provide flexible, adaptive approaches for fuel/engine matching. Recent, substantial increases in fuel volatility raise concerns for both driveability and emissions. Expanded use of fuel injection will be helpful for future vehicles, but new problems have appeared, and tighter definition of gasoline properties will be needed. The high sensitivity of fuel systems and emission controls to fuel quality is demonstrated by injector deposits and plugged catalysts. Dependable gasoline quality is essential. High standards of quality and reliability are necessary for fuel and lubricant products. The precision offered by current emission control systems can only be achieved with fuels that are properly prepared and marketed.

Baker, R.E.; Chui, G.K.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Gasoline surrogate modeling of gasoline ignition in a rapid compression machine and comparison to experiments  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of gasoline in homogeneous charge compression ignition engines (HCCI) and in duel fuel diesel - gasoline engines, has increased the need to understand its compression ignition processes under engine-like conditions. These processes need to be studied under well-controlled conditions in order to quantify low temperature heat release and to provide fundamental validation data for chemical kinetic models. With this in mind, an experimental campaign has been undertaken in a rapid compression machine (RCM) to measure the ignition of gasoline mixtures over a wide range of compression temperatures and for different compression pressures. By measuring the pressure history during ignition, information on the first stage ignition (when observed) and second stage ignition are captured along with information on the phasing of the heat release. Heat release processes during ignition are important because gasoline is known to exhibit low temperature heat release, intermediate temperature heat release and high temperature heat release. In an HCCI engine, the occurrence of low-temperature and intermediate-temperature heat release can be exploited to obtain higher load operation and has become a topic of much interest for engine researchers. Consequently, it is important to understand these processes under well-controlled conditions. A four-component gasoline surrogate model (including n-heptane, iso-octane, toluene, and 2-pentene) has been developed to simulate real gasolines. An appropriate surrogate mixture of the four components has been developed to simulate the specific gasoline used in the RCM experiments. This chemical kinetic surrogate model was then used to simulate the RCM experimental results for real gasoline. The experimental and modeling results covered ultra-lean to stoichiometric mixtures, compressed temperatures of 640-950 K, and compression pressures of 20 and 40 bar. The agreement between the experiments and model is encouraging in terms of first-stage (when observed) and second-stage ignition delay times and of heat release rate. The experimental and computational results are used to gain insight into low and intermediate temperature processes during gasoline ignition.

Mehl, M; Kukkadapu, G; Kumar, K; Sarathy, S M; Pitz, W J; Sung, S J

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

This Week In Petroleum Gasoline Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regular Gasoline Retail Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Regular Gasoline Retail Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Retail Average Regular Gasoline Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13 12/17/12 U.S. 3.265 3.194 3.219 3.293 3.272 3.269 3.239 3.254 East Coast (PADD 1) 3.289 3.243 3.282 3.386 3.389 3.382 3.373 3.350 Midwest (PADD 2) 3.188 3.074 3.126 3.191 3.121 3.132 3.079 3.144 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 3.030 2.978 3.004 3.140 3.124 3.104 3.047 3.045 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 3.307 3.227 3.183 3.145 3.113 3.077 3.055 3.211 West Coast (PADD 5) 3.564 3.507 3.467 3.457 3.475 3.477 3.472 3.457 Retail Conventional Regular Gasoline Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13

289

Federal Energy Management Program: Sustainable Federal Fleets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sustainable Sustainable Federal Fleets to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Sustainable Federal Fleets on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Sustainable Federal Fleets on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Sustainable Federal Fleets on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Sustainable Federal Fleets on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Sustainable Federal Fleets on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Sustainable Federal Fleets on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Data Center Energy Efficiency Industrial Facilities Sustainable Federal Fleets Laboratories for the 21st Century Institutional Change

290

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Correctional Institution -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Federal Correctional Institution - Phoenix, Arizona to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Correctional Institution - Phoenix, Arizona on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Correctional Institution - Phoenix, Arizona on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Correctional Institution - Phoenix, Arizona on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Correctional Institution - Phoenix, Arizona on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Correctional Institution - Phoenix, Arizona on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Correctional Institution - Phoenix, Arizona on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Technology Deployment

291

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09 09 Federal Register / Vol. 62, No. 99 / Thursday, May 22, 1997 / Notices collection on the respondents, including through the use of information technology. Dated: May 16, 1997. Gloria Parker, Director, Information Resources Management Group. Office of Management Type of Review: New. Title: Department of Education Federal Cash Award Certification Statement and Department of Education Federal Cash Quarterly Confirmation Statement. Frequency: Annually. Affected Public: Business or other for- profit; Not for Profit institutions; Federal Government; State, Local or Tribal Government, SEAs or LEAs. Annual Reporting and Recordkeeping Hour Burden: Responses: 12,000. Burden Hours: 38,160. Abstract: The collection of the Federal Cash Award Statement is necessary for the Agency to monitor cash advanced to

292

Federal Register  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

151 151 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 60, No. 203 Friday, October 20, 1995 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal IRegulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1610. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. Prices of new books are listed in the first FEDERAL REGISTER issue of each week. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Western Area Power Administration 10 CFR Part 905 Energy Planning and Management Program AGENCY: Western Area Power Administration, DOE. A cmoN: Final rule. summARv: The Western Area Power Administration is publishing this final rule to adopt an Energy Planning and

293

Ethanol Demand in United States Regional Production of Oxygenate-limited Gasoline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................... ix EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...............................................S-1 1. INTRODUCTION ....................................................1 2. THE ORNL REFINERY YIELD MODEL ..................................5 3. THE ORNL-RYM REPRESENTATION OF CLEANER GASOLINES ...........7 3.1 FORMULA AND EMISSIONS STANDARDS ........................7 3.2 REPRESENTATION OF NON-LINEAR EMISSIONS MODELS IN A LINEAR PROGRAM .............................................8 4. STUDY PREMISES ..................................................11 4.1 REFINERY PRODUCTS ........................................11 4.2 REFINERY RAW MATERIALS ................................. 26 4.3 PRODUCT REVENUES AND RAW MATERIAL COSTS ..............27 4.4 FEDERAL TAX IMPLICATIONS FOR ETHANOL CONCENTRATIONS ....................................... 27 4.5 REFINERY CAPACITY ....................................... 27 4.6 STUDY CASES ...............................................

G. R. Hadder; Office Of Transportation Technologies

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: October 15, 1: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491:

295

Why Events Overseas Matter to Gasoline Retailers and Consumers  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Attempts to explain how changes in the global supply and demand of crude oil can affect retail gasoline prices in various parts of the country. It does this by exploring 3 recent gasoline price spikes: Spring 2001, March 2003, and August 2003. The presentation compares and contrasts these price spikes in order to give the audience an understanding of the various reasons behind gasoline price increases.

Information Center

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

NIST to Study Hazards of Portable Gasoline-Powered ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... when a storm shuts off the electricity, can also ... a gasoline-powered portable generator in the ... of variable outdoor temperatures and wind speeds, as ...

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

297

Gasoline Prices at Historical Lows - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Given recent declines in crude oil and wholesale gasoline prices, we expect retail prices to continue to ease over at least the next few weeks.

298

Motor Gasoline Assessment Spring 1997 - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0613 July 1997 Motor Gasoline Assessment Spring 1997 Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information ...

299

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

300

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 2012 56 Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

302

Product Supplied for Finished Gasoline - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

303

Refiner and Blender Inputs of Motor Gasoline Blending Components  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

304

Carbonyl Emissions from Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbonyl compounds present in motor vehicle exhaust, rangingfrom gasoline and diesel motor vehicles. Environ. Sci. Tech.composition and toxicity of motor vehicle emission samples.

Jakober, Chris A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 76 Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

306

Refiner and Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

307

Table 45. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 45. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) — Continued

308

Table 45. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 136 Table 45. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation,

309

Why is the United States exporting gasoline when prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural ... 2012. Other FAQs about ... Why is the United States ...

310

How much carbon dioxide is produced by burning gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Most of the retail gasoline now sold in the U.S ... for transportation in 2012 resulted in the emission of about ... built in the United States?

311

How can I find historical gasoline prices for each state ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural ... 2012. Other FAQs about ... Why is the United States ...

312

Summer 2000 Motor Gasoline Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

growth this year, while small by historical ... Last year, West Coast refinery outages in February and ... expected to be generated by higher gasoline costs this ...

313

EU-15 Gasoline & Distillate Demand - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The European refining system is not well matched to its demand slate. Unlike the United States, Europe produces more gasoline than it can use, which ...

314

Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn’t Reflect ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced ... with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined ...

315

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Sales for Resale  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type ... Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: ... Alabama: 2.759: 2.740: 2.731: ...

316

Montana Premium Gasoline Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Sales to End Users, Average: 2.518: 2.929: 2.085: ...

317

Microsoft Word - Summer 2006 Motor Gasoline Prices.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

gasoline prices can be broken down into the following three basic elements: 1. Crude oil costs - the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot price at Cushing, Oklahoma,...

318

Few transportation fuels surpass the energy densities of gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural gas, either in liquefied form (LNG) or compressed (CNG), are lighter than gasoline but again have lower densities per unit volume.

319

Inquiry into August 2003 Gasoline Price Spike – Revised Outline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Appendix D. Analytic Investigation of Gasoline Price Pass-Through 52 ... conduct an inquiry into the causes of the price increases. This report summarizes the

320

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This briefing summarizes EIA analysis to date that suggests: Most, if not all, recent retail gasoline price movements can be explained by market fundamentals, I.e ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Gasoline prices — second largest one-week increase since ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short, timely articles with graphics on energy, facts, issues, and trends. FAQs ... The national average retail price for regular grade gasoline on Monday, ...

322

Ethanol blending provides another proxy for gasoline demand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook ... Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... and inventory data that enter into the traditional gasoline product supplied calculation.

323

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

324

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

325

Midwest gasoline prices returning to normal - Today in Energy - U ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

As previously reported, Midwest gasoline prices shot up in April and May with refinery outages—some planned, some not—that lasted longer than expected, thus ...

326

Alkylation is an important source for octane in gasoline - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

327

Average summer gasoline prices expected to be slightly lower than ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

328

U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(Dollars per Gallon, Including Taxes) Area: ... EIA did not collect weekly retail motor gasoline data between December 10, 1990 and January 14, 1991.

329

Imports of Total Motor Gasoline - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

330

2012 Brief: Retail gasoline prices vary significantly across the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Prices were the lowest in Houston in mid-December, as an increase in supply led to gasoline inventories along the Gulf Coast region (PADD 3) ...

331

Gasoline prices rise in the Midwest as the summer driving ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

National average gasoline prices were $3.68 per gallon for regular unleaded fuel as of May 24, about the same price as a year ago, according to ...

332

EIA initiates daily gasoline availability survey for metropolitan ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... As a result of the subsequent disruptions to the supply chain for gasoline, EIA implemented an emergency survey starting on Friday ...

333

Gasoline product supplied may reflect snowstorm effects on driving ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... driving that does not take place due to poor road conditions is ... which may have contributed to the large weekly gasoline stock builds seen in January ...

334

Average summer gasoline prices expected to be slightly lower ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The retail price for regular gasoline is expected to average $3.63 per gallon during this summer driving season, slightly below average prices over ...

335

Edgeworth Price Cycles: Evidence from the Toronto Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ” QuarterlyGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of7] Eckert, A. “Retail Price Cycles and Response Asymmetry”,

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Interagency Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Meetings to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Interagency Energy Management Task Force Meetings on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management...

337

Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: In order to illustrate and quantify, to a large extent, the various market forces driving gasoline prices, we begin by decomposing those factors according to their location within the supply chain, i.e., the international crude market, U.S. wholesale gasoline markets, and the retail segment. Historically, variation in gasoline prices usually stems from changes in crude oil prices. As the major feedstock in the production of gasoline, shifts in the balance between supply and demand in crude markets explain a large portion of observed movements at the retail level. But shifts in the wholesale gasoline supply/demand balance also contribute to price pressure or movements at both the wholesale and retail levels beyond that stemming from crude oil markets.

338

DOE Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline DOE Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline April 20, 2006 - 12:26pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today is reminding consumers about the Department of Energy's (DOE) gasoline price reporting system. Consumers can report activity at local gasoline filling stations that they believe may constitute "gouging" or "price fixing" by visiting gaswatch.energy.gov/. "There are many legitimate factors influencing the price consumers are paying at the pump, including growing demand, the high price of crude oil, the lingering effects of last summer's hurricanes on our refining sector and the regular transition of fuel blends as we head into the summer," said Secretary Bodman. "And while the majority of local merchants are fair and

339

Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry During Lean NOx Trap Regeneration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lean NOx Trap (LNT) catalysts can effectively reduce NOx from lean engine exhaust. Significant research for LNTs in diesel engine applications has been performed and has led to commercialization of the technology. For lean gasoline engine applications, advanced direct injection engines have led to a renewed interest in the potential for lean gasoline vehicles and, thereby, a renewed demand for lean NOx control. To understand the gasoline-based reductant chemistry during regeneration, a BMW lean gasoline vehicle has been studied on a chassis dynamometer. Exhaust samples were collected and analyzed for key reductant species such as H2, CO, NH3, and hydrocarbons during transient drive cycles. The relation of the reductant species to LNT performance will be discussed. Furthermore, the challenges of NOx storage in the lean gasoline application are reviewed.

Choi, Jae-Soon [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL; Partridge Jr, William P [ORNL; Parks, II, James E [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL; Chambon, Paul H [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Does EIA have gasoline prices by city, county, or zip code ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including ... How many gallons of gasoline does ... Why is the United States exporting ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Price Changes in the Gasoline Market - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0626 February 1999 Price Changes in the Gasoline Market Are Midwestern Gasoline Prices Downward Sticky? Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585

342

U.S. Total Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Total Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier (Thousand Gallons per Day) ... Prime Supplier Sales of Motor Gasoline ; U.S. Prices, ...

343

U.S. household expenditures for gasoline account for nearly 4% of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity. Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, ... a rise in average gasoline prices has led to higher overall household gasoline expenditures.

344

Figure 102. U.S. motor gasoline and diesel fuel consumption ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 102. U.S. motor gasoline and diesel fuel consumption, 2000-2040 (million barrels per day) Motor Gasoline Petroleum Portion ...

345

Clearing the Air? The Effects of Gasoline Content Regulation on Air Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

components—particularly butane—in the gasoline they sell (times more reactive than butane, the compound that refinersprimarily by removing the VOC butane from their gasoline, as

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Kellogg, Ryan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Why is the United States exporting gasoline when prices are so ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much carbon dioxide is produced by burning gasoline and diesel fuel? What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular gasoline?

347

Estimated U.S. gasoline consumption low compared to five-year ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... Product supplied measures the amount of gasoline that went into the supply chain and is used as a proxy for gasoline consumption.

348

Assessment of Summer 1997 motor gasoline price increase  

SciTech Connect

Gasoline markets in 1996 and 1997 provided several spectacular examples of petroleum market dynamics. The first occurred in spring 1996, when tight markets, following a long winter of high demand, resulted in rising crude oil prices just when gasoline prices exhibit their normal spring rise ahead of the summer driving season. Rising crude oil prices again pushed gasoline prices up at the end of 1996, but a warm winter and growing supplies weakened world crude oil markets, pushing down crude oil and gasoline prices during spring 1997. The 1996 and 1997 spring markets provided good examples of how crude oil prices can move gasoline prices both up and down, regardless of the state of the gasoline market in the United States. Both of these spring events were covered in prior Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports. As the summer of 1997 was coming to a close, consumers experienced yet another surge in gasoline prices. Unlike the previous increase in spring 1996, crude oil was not a factor. The late summer 1997 price increase was brought about by the supply/demand fundamentals in the gasoline markets, rather than the crude oil markets. The nature of the summer 1997 gasoline price increase raised questions regarding production and imports. Given very strong demand in July and August, the seemingly limited supply response required examination. In addition, the price increase that occurred on the West Coast during late summer exhibited behavior different than the increase east of the Rocky Mountains. Thus, the Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PADD) 5 region needed additional analysis (Appendix A). This report is a study of this late summer gasoline market and some of the important issues surrounding that event.

NONE

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Strengthening Federal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jan. 24 Jan. 24 / Administration of George W. Bush, 2007 Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management January 24, 2007 By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and to strengthen the environmental, energy, and transpor- tation management of Federal agencies, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the United States that Federal agencies conduct their environmental, transportation, and en- ergy-related activities under the law in sup- port of their respective missions in an envi- ronmentally, economically and fiscally sound, integrated, continuously improving, efficient, and sustainable manner. Sec. 2. Goals for Agencies. In imple-

350

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

44 44 Federal Register / Vol. 61, No. 114 / Wednesday, June 12, 1996 / Notices will be issued this fall in accordance with the reallocation procedures contained in the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA). Under section 442(e) of the HEA, unexpended FWS funds returned to the Secretary must be reallocated to eligible institutions that used at least 10 percent of the total FWS Federal funds granted to the institution to compensate students employed in community services. Because reallocated FWS funds will be distributed on the basis of fair share shortfall criteria, institutions must also have a fair share shortfall to receive these funds. Institutions must use all the reallocated FWS Federal funds to compensate students employed in community services. To ensure

351

GASOLINE VEHICLE EXHAUST PARTICLE SAMPLING STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The University of Minnesota collaborated with the Paul Scherrer Institute, the University of Wisconsin (UWI) and Ricardo, Inc to physically and chemically characterize the exhaust plume from recruited gasoline spark ignition (SI) vehicles. The project objectives were: (1) Measure representative particle size distributions from a set of on-road SI vehicles and compare these data to similar data collected on a small subset of light-duty gasoline vehicles tested on a chassis dynamometer with a dilution tunnel using the Unified Drive Cycle, at both room temperature (cold start) and 0 C (cold-cold start). (2) Compare data collected from SI vehicles to similar data collected from Diesel engines during the Coordinating Research Council E-43 project. (3) Characterize on-road aerosol during mixed midweek traffic and Sunday midday periods and determine fleet-specific emission rates. (4) Characterize bulk- and size-segregated chemical composition of the particulate matter (PM) emitted in the exhaust from the gasoline vehicles. Particle number concentrations and size distributions are strongly influenced by dilution and sampling conditions. Laboratory methods were evaluated to dilute SI exhaust in a way that would produce size distributions that were similar to those measured during laboratory experiments. Size fractionated samples were collected for chemical analysis using a nano-microorifice uniform deposit impactor (nano-MOUDI). In addition, bulk samples were collected and analyzed. A mixture of low, mid and high mileage vehicles were recruited for testing during the study. Under steady highway cruise conditions a significant particle signature above background was not measured, but during hard accelerations number size distributions for the test fleet were similar to modern heavy-duty Diesel vehicles. Number emissions were much higher at high speed and during cold-cold starts. Fuel specific number emissions range from 1012 to 3 x 1016 particles/kg fuel. A simple relationship between number and mass emissions was not observed. Data were collected on-road to compare weekday with weekend air quality around the Twin Cities area. This portion of the study resulted in the development of a method to apportion the Diesel and SI contribution to on-road aerosol.

Kittelson, D; Watts, W; Johnson, J; Zarling, D Schauer,J Kasper, K; Baltensperger, U; Burtscher, H

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

352

Making Government Accountable: Lessons from a Federal Job Training Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the evolution of a performance measurement system in a government job-training program. In this program, a federal agency establishes performance measures and standards for substate agencies. We show that the performance measurement system’s evolution is at least partly explained as a process of trial-and-error, characterized by a feedback loop: the federal agency establishes performance measures, the local managers learn how to game them, the federal agency learns about gaming and reformulates the performance measures, leading to possibly new gaming, and so on. The dynamics suggest that implementing a performance measurement system in government is not a one-time challenge but benefits from careful monitoring and perhaps frequent revision.

Pascal Courty; Gerald Marschke

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

2003 California Gasoline Price Study (preliminary version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 2003 California Gasoline Price Study: Preliminary Findings May 2003 Office of Oil and Gas Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Contacts and Acknowledgments This report was prepared by the Office of Oil and Gas of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) under the direction of John Cook, Director, Petroleum Division. Questions concerning the report may be directed to Joanne Shore (202/586-4677),

354

Exhaust particle characterization for lean and stoichiometric DI vehicles operating on ethanol-gasoline blends  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines can offer better fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected (PFI) counterparts, and are now appearing in increasingly more U.S. and European vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged GDI engines are replacing large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, in order for manufacturers to meet the U.S. fuel economy standards for 2016. Furthermore, lean-burn GDI engines can offer even higher fuel economy than stoichiometric GDI engines and have overcome challenges associated with cost-effective aftertreatment for NOx control. Along with changes in gasoline engine technology, fuel composition may increase in ethanol content beyond the current 10% due to the recent EPA waiver allowing 15% ethanol. In addition, the Renewable Fuels Standard passed as part of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) mandates the use of biofuels in upcoming years. GDI engines are of environmental concern due to their high particulate matter (PM) emissions relative to port-fuel injected (PFI) gasoline vehicles; widespread market penetration of GDI vehicles may result in additional PM from mobile sources at a time when the diesel contribution is declining. In this study, we characterized particulate emissions from a European certified lean-burn GDI vehicle operating on ethanol-gasoline blends. Particle mass and particle number concentration emissions were measured for the Federal Test Procedure urban driving cycle (FTP 75) and the more aggressive US06 driving cycle. Particle number-size distributions and organic to elemental carbon ratios (OC/EC) were measured for 30 MPH and 80 MPH steady-state operation. In addition, particle number concentration was measured during wide open throttle accelerations (WOTs) and gradual accelerations representative of the FTP 75. Fuels included certification gasoline and 10% (E10) and 20% (E20) ethanol blends from the same supplier. The particle mass emissions were approximately 3 and 7 mg/mile for the FTP75 and US06, respectively, with lower emissions for the ethanol blends. The data are compared to a previous study on a U.S.-legal stoichiometric GDI vehicle operating on the same ethanol blends. The lean-burn GDI vehicle emitted a higher number of particles, but had an overall smaller average size. Particle number per mile decreased with increasing ethanol content for the transient tests. For the 30 and 80 mph tests, particle number concentration decreased with increasing ethanol content, although the shape of the particle size distribution remained the same. Engine-out OC/EC ratios were highest for the stoichiometric GDI vehicle with E20, but tailpipe OC/EC ratios were similar for all vehicles.

Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09 09 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 93 / Friday, May 14, 1999 / Notices technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. Burden Statement: The annual public reporting and recordkeeping burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 3.03 hours per response. It is estimated that any individual may respond to synopses or market research questions 5 times per year. EPA anticipates publicizing approximately 260 contract actions per year, and conducting 3790 market research inquiries. Burden means the total time, effort, or financial resources expended by persons to generate, maintain, retain, or disclose or provide information to or for a Federal agency. This includes the time needed to review

356

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

901 901 Federal Register / Vol. 69, No. 230 / Wednesday, December 1, 2004 / Notices As a result of this dispute, the SLA requested the Secretary of Education to convene a Federal arbitration panel to hear this complaint. A panel was convened, and a hearing on this matter was held on May 13, 2002. Arbitration Panel Decision The arbitration panel heard the following issue: whether the Army's alleged failure to negotiate with the SLA in good faith for the full food services and dining facility attendant services contract at Ft. Campbell, Kentucky, constituted a violation of the Act (20 U.S.C. 107 et seq.) and the implementing regulations in 34 CFR part 395. After considering the evidence presented, the majority of the panel ruled that the Act clearly covers all

357

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

32 32 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 114 / Tuesday, June 15, 1999 / Notices that the original selection list would remain in effect. The complainant requested review of the SLA's stipulated decision by a Federal arbitration panel. The panel was convened on April 17, 1998. Arbitration Panel Decision The issue before the arbitration panel was whether the SLA's stipulated decision to make a determination concerning the continuation of the special assignment process at the time a military base became available was inconsistent with the ALJ's determination. The arbitration panel ruled that, at the time a military base contract became available, there may be a compelling reason that would benefit both the program and the complainant that would justify not assigning complainant

358

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

25 25 Federal Register / Vol. 62, No. 224 / Thursday, November 20, 1997 / Notices implementation from 8:30 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. For the rest of the day, the Council will meet with representatives from the State School-to-Work Implementation Grantees in small groups to discuss and determine strategies for addressing State sustainability issues. The meeting will close with a summary of the day's meeting and a discussion of future actions. Public Participation: The meeting on Tuesday, December 2, 1997, from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. at the Renaissance Mayflower Hotel, will be open to the public. Seats will be reserved for the media. Individuals with disabilities in need of special accommodations should contact the Designated Federal Official (DFO), listed below, at least seven (7)

359

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

66 66 Federal Register / Vol. 63, No. 142 / Friday, July 24, 1998 / Notices Dated: July 16, 1998. Richard D. Wilson, Acting Assistant Administrator. [FR Doc. 98-19832 Filed 7-23-98; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560-50-P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [ER-FRL-5494-1] Environmental Impact Statements and Regulations; Availability of EPA Comments Availability of EPA comments prepared July 6, 1998 Through July 10, 1998 pursuant to the Environmental Review Process (ERP), under Section 309 of the Clean Air Act and Section 102(2)(c) of the National Environmental Policy Act as amended. Requests for copies of EPA comments can be directed to the Office of Federal Activities AT (202) 564-5076. An explanation of the ratings assigned to draft environmental impact statements (EISs) was published

360

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 Federal Register / Vol. 61, No. 47 / Friday, March 8, 1996 / Notices Comment date: March 18, 1996, in accordance with Standard Paragraph E at the end of this notice. 13. Benjamin F. Montoya [Docket No. ID-2945-000] Take notice that on February 23, 1996, Benjamin F. Montoya (Applicant) tendered for filing an application under Section 305(b) of the Federal Power Act to hold the following positions: President, Chief Executive Officer and Director, Public Service Company of New Mexico, a New Mexico corporation Director, Northwest Corporation Comment date: March 15, 1996, in accordance with Standard Paragraph E at the end of this notice. 14. Montana Power Company [Docket No. TX96-6-000] Take notice that on February 26, 1996, Montana Power Company (MPC) tendered for filing an application

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Availability of Gasoline Imports in the Short to Mid Term: U.S. Perspective  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Analyzes changes in gasoline markets, both here in the United States and abroad, that might affect the availability of gasoline imports between now and 2007. This includes changes in gasoline specifications both here and in other countries that supply imported gasoline, as well as growing demand in these countries.

Joanne Shore

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Research guidance studies to assess gasoline from coal by methanol-to-gasoline and sasol-type Fischer--Tropsch technologies. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study provides a technical and economic comparison between the new Mobil methanol-to-gasoline technology under development and the commercially available Fischer--Tropsch technology for the production of motor gasoline meeting U.S. quality standards. Conceptual plant complexes, sited in Wyoming, are complete grass-roots facilities. The Lurgi dry-ash, pressure technology is used to gasify sub-bituminous strip coal. Except for the Mobil process, processes used are commercially available. Coproduction of products, namely SNG, LPG and gasoline, is practiced. Four sensitivity cases have also been developed in less detail from the two base cases. In all areas, the Mobil technology is superior to Fischer--Tropsch: process complexity, energy usage, thermal efficiency, gasoline selectivity, gasoline quality, investment and gasoline selectivity, gasoline quality, investment and gasoline cost. Principal advantages of the Mobil process are its selective yield of excellent quality gasoline with minimum ancillary processing. Fischer--Tropsch not only yields a spectrum of products, but the production of a gasoline meeting U.S. specifications is difficult and complex. This superiority results in about a 25% reduction in the gasoline cost. Sensitivity study conclusions include: (1) the conversion of methanol into gasoline over the Mobil catalyst is highly efficient, (2) if SNG is a valuable product, increased gasoline yield via the reforming of SNG is uneconomical, and (3) fluid-bed operation is somewhat superior to fixed-bed operation for the Mobil methanol conversion technology.

Schreiner, M.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

New EPA Fuel Economy and Environment Label - Gasoline Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Vehicles Gasoline Vehicles Gasoline Vehicles Fuel Economy In addition to the MPG estimates displayed on previous labels, combined city/highway fuel use is also given in terms of gallons per 100 miles. New! Fuel Economy & Greenhouse Gas Rating Use this scale to compare vehicles based on tailpipe greenhouse gas emissions, which contribute to climate change. New! Smog Rating You can now compare vehicles based on tailpipe emissions of smog-forming air pollutants. New! Five-Year Fuel Savings This compares the five-year fuel cost of the vehicle to that of an average gasoline vehicle. The assumptions used to calculate these costs are listed at the bottom of the label. Annual Fuel Cost This cost is based on the combined city/highway MPG estimate and assumptions about driving and fuel prices listed at the bottom of the

364

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - 532.1 532.1 See footnotes at end of table. 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information...

365

U.S. Exports of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1930's: 30,613: 28,646 ...

366

Texas Total Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Texas Total Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier (Thousand Gallons per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1983: 26,179.1: 26,695.0 ...

367

gasoline consumption - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Product Supplied of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1945: 1,300: 1,382: 1,372: 1,512 ...

368

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Most, if not all, recent retail gasoline price movements can be explained by market fundamentals, I.e., underlying movements in supply, demand, and inventories in crude oil and...

369

Gasoline Prices, Fuel Economy, and the Energy Paradox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is often asserted that consumers purchasing automobiles or other goods and services underweight the costs of gasoline or other "add-ons." We test this hypothesis in the US automobile market by examining the effects of ...

Wozny, Nathan

370

West Coast (PADD 5) Imports from Spain of Gasoline Blending ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Coast (PADD 5) Imports from Spain of Gasoline Blending Components (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9;

371

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 12-Month Report R. Barnitt Technical Report NRELTP-5400-48896 January 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the...

372

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's ...

373

California Total Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Total Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9;

374

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Joint Model of the Global Crude Oil Market and the U.S.Noureddine. 2002. World crude oil and natural gas: a demandelasticity of demand for crude oil, not gasoline. Results

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Joint Model of the Global Crude Oil Market and the U.S.Noureddine. 2002. World crude oil and natural gas: a demandelasticity of demand for crude oil, not gasoline. Results

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #533: August 25, 2008 Gasoline...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tax Rates by State, 2008 The tax rates for gasoline can vary substantially from state to state. Alaska has by far the lowest tax rate at 8 cents per gallon while Washington State...

377

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #639: September 6, 2010 Gasoline...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

per gallon for all states. Each state applies additional taxes which vary from state to state. As of July 2010, Alaska had the lowest overall tax rate for gasoline at 26.4 cents...

378

Colorado Total Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Colorado Total Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9;

379

Learn More About the Fuel Economy Label for Gasoline Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

different text and icons in the labels for other vehicles: Diesel Vehicle Compressed Natural Gas Vehicle Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Flexible-Fuel Vehicle: Gasoline-Ethanol (E85)...

380

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 3,004.6:

382

2003 California Gasoline Price Study Final Report November 2003  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

SR/O&G/2003-03 2003 California Gasoline Price Study Final Report November 2003 Office of Oil and Gas Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy

383

South Dakota Gasoline Midgrade Bulk Sales (Volume) by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

South Dakota Gasoline Midgrade Bulk Sales (Volume) by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9;

384

Federal Methanol Fleet Project final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Federal Methanol Fleet Project concluded with the termination of data collection from the three fleet sites in February 1991. The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) completed five years of operation, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) completed its fourth year in the project, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) completed its third. Twenty of the thirty-nine vehicles in the fleet were powered by fuel methanol (typically M85, 85 % methanol, 15 % unleaded gasoline, although the LBL fleet used M88), and the remaining control vehicles were comparable gasoline vehicles. Over 2.2 million km (1.4 million miles) were accumulated on the fleet vehicles in routine government service. Data collected over the years have included vehicle mileage and fuel economy, engine oil analysis, emissions, vehicle maintenance, and driver acceptance. Fuel economies (on an energy basis) of the methanol and gasoline vehicles of the same type were comparable throughout the fleet testing. Engine oil analysis has revealed higher accumulation rates of iron and other metals in the oil of the methanol vehicles, although no significant engine damage has been attributed to the higher metal content. Vehicles of both fuel types have experienced degradation in their emission control systems, however, the methanol vehicles seem to have degraded their catalytic converters at a higher rate. The methanol vehicles have required more maintenance than their gasoline counterparts, in most cases, although the higher levels of maintenance cannot be attributed to ``fuel-related`` repairs. According to the daily driver logs and results from several surveys, drivers of the fleet vehicles at all three sites were generally satisfied with the methanol vehicles.

West, B.H.; McGill, R.N. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Hillis, S.L.; Hodgson, J.W. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Federal Methanol Fleet Project final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Federal Methanol Fleet Project concluded with the termination of data collection from the three fleet sites in February 1991. The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) completed five years of operation, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) completed its fourth year in the project, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) completed its third. Twenty of the thirty-nine vehicles in the fleet were powered by fuel methanol (typically M85, 85 % methanol, 15 % unleaded gasoline, although the LBL fleet used M88), and the remaining control vehicles were comparable gasoline vehicles. Over 2.2 million km (1.4 million miles) were accumulated on the fleet vehicles in routine government service. Data collected over the years have included vehicle mileage and fuel economy, engine oil analysis, emissions, vehicle maintenance, and driver acceptance. Fuel economies (on an energy basis) of the methanol and gasoline vehicles of the same type were comparable throughout the fleet testing. Engine oil analysis has revealed higher accumulation rates of iron and other metals in the oil of the methanol vehicles, although no significant engine damage has been attributed to the higher metal content. Vehicles of both fuel types have experienced degradation in their emission control systems, however, the methanol vehicles seem to have degraded their catalytic converters at a higher rate. The methanol vehicles have required more maintenance than their gasoline counterparts, in most cases, although the higher levels of maintenance cannot be attributed to fuel-related'' repairs. According to the daily driver logs and results from several surveys, drivers of the fleet vehicles at all three sites were generally satisfied with the methanol vehicles.

West, B.H.; McGill, R.N. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Hillis, S.L.; Hodgson, J.W. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Federal Energy Management Program: Sustainable Federal Fleets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Fleets Federal Fleets The Federal Fleet Program Overview outlines FEMP services and assistance available to Federal fleet managers to increase the use of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles. FEMP's Sustainable Federal Fleets website provides guidance and assistance to help implement Federal legislative and regulatory requirements mandating reduced petroleum consumption and increased alternative fuel use. FEMP's efforts include assisting agencies with implementing and managing energy-efficient and alternative fuel vehicles and facilitating a coordinated effort to reduce petroleum consumption and increase alternative fuel use annually. Content on Sustainable Federal Fleets spans Federal requirements and reporting compliance, alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, fleet performance data, analysis services, information resources, and FEMP contacts.

387

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidance and Requirements for Fluorescent Tube Lamps to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency Acquisition Guidance and Requirements...

388

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Interagency Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the Program Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Interagency Energy Management Task Force to someone by...

389

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Energy Efficiency Acquisition Guidance and Requirements for Residential Electric Resistance Water Heaters to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program:...

390

Restructuring: The Changing Face of Motor Gasoline Marketing  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report reviews the U.S. motor gasoline marketing industry during the period 1990 to 1999, focusing on changes that occurred during the period. The report incorporates financial and operating data from the Energy Information Administration's Financial Reporting System (FRS), motor gasoline outlet counts collected by the National Petroleum News from the States, and U.S. Census Bureau salary and employment data published in County Business Patterns

Information Center

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Fractionation of reformate: A new variant of gasoline production technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Novo-Ufa Petroleum Refinery is the largest domestic producer of the unique high-octane unleaded automotive gasolines AI-93 and AI-95 and the aviation gasolines B-91/115 and B-92. The base component for these gasolines is obtained by catalytic reforming of wide-cut naphtha; this basic component is usually blended with certain other components that are expensive and in short supply: toluene, xylenes, and alkylate. For example, the unleaded gasoline AI-93 has been prepared by blending reformate, alkylate, and toluene in a 65:20:15 weight ratio; AI-95 gasoline by blending alkylate and xylenes in an 80:20 weight ratio; and B-91/115 gasoline by compounding a reformate obtained with light straight-run feed, plus alkylate and toluene, in a 55:35:10 weight ratio. Toluene and xylenes have been obtained by process schemes that include the following consecutive processes: redistillation of straight-run naphtha cuts to segregate the required narrow fraction; catalytic reforming (Platforming) of the narrow toluene-xylene straight-run fraction; azeotropic distillation of the reformate to recover toluene and xylenes. A new technology based on the use of reformate fractions is proposed.

Karakuts, V.N.; Tanatarov, M.A.; Telyashev, G.G. [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

893 893 Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 158 / Friday, August 15, 2003 / Notices Title: Comprehensive Program Annual Performance Report. Frequency: One time. Affected Public: Not-for-profit institutions. Reporting and Recordkeeping Hour Burden: Responses: 140. Burden Hours: 2,800. Abstract: The Comprehensive Program is a discretionary grant program that makes competitive awards to support reform and innovations through projects that improve educational practice at the postsecondary level. Grantees annually submit a performance report to demonstrate that substantial progress is being made toward meeting the objectives of their projects. Reporting requirements are currently based on broad criteria from the Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR). This request is to

393

Federal Register Notices Archive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Federal Register Notice of TIP 2009 Competition ...more. White Papers: Federal Register Notice Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request ...

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

394

Federal Register Notices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Federal Register Notice of 2010 TIP Competition ...more. White Papers: Federal Register Notice Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request ...

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

395

East Coast (PADD 1) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

482 3.472 3.480 3.511 3.538 3.512 1993-2014 482 3.472 3.480 3.511 3.538 3.512 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.457 3.438 3.442 3.471 3.511 3.488 1994-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.522 3.529 3.542 3.577 3.581 3.550 1994-2014 Regular 3.382 3.373 3.380 3.413 3.438 3.410 1992-2014 Conventional Areas 3.359 3.339 3.343 3.372 3.410 3.386 1992-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.419 3.428 3.440 3.480 3.484 3.450 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.566 3.554 3.565 3.590 3.622 3.598 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.525 3.507 3.515 3.539 3.582 3.559 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.642 3.644 3.659 3.687 3.695 3.670 1994-2014 Premium 3.755 3.746 3.754 3.782 3.811 3.789 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.733 3.716 3.720 3.751 3.797 3.778 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas

396

Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

267 3.312 3.445 3.432 3.407 3.379 1993-2013 267 3.312 3.445 3.432 3.407 3.379 1993-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.272 3.313 3.446 3.433 3.409 3.381 1994-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.215 3.295 3.432 3.420 3.392 3.356 1994-2013 Regular 3.159 3.203 3.338 3.325 3.300 3.270 1993-2013 Conventional Areas 3.165 3.206 3.341 3.327 3.303 3.274 1993-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.093 3.176 3.311 3.301 3.270 3.235 1994-2013 Midgrade 3.365 3.408 3.535 3.524 3.499 3.474 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.366 3.407 3.533 3.521 3.496 3.473 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.354 3.426 3.561 3.550 3.526 3.489 1994-2013 Premium 3.558 3.605 3.735 3.726 3.699 3.675 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.561 3.605 3.734 3.726 3.698 3.675 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas

397

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

80 3.124 3.139 3.197 3.200 3.185 1993-2014 80 3.124 3.139 3.197 3.200 3.185 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.176 3.127 3.126 3.186 3.190 3.181 1994-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.196 3.115 3.183 3.232 3.233 3.198 1994-2014 Regular 3.104 3.047 3.061 3.117 3.123 3.108 1992-2014 Conventional Areas 3.102 3.053 3.051 3.109 3.115 3.106 1992-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.110 3.030 3.096 3.146 3.149 3.113 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.278 3.223 3.242 3.299 3.299 3.285 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.263 3.216 3.217 3.280 3.280 3.273 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.326 3.246 3.323 3.362 3.359 3.326 1994-2014 Premium 3.455 3.401 3.417 3.479 3.476 3.462 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.445 3.399 3.399 3.464 3.462 3.454 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.487 3.408 3.475 3.528 3.522 3.489 1994-2014

398

New England (PADD 1A) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

71 3.585 3.598 3.624 3.633 3.610 1993-2014 71 3.585 3.598 3.624 3.633 3.610 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.578 3.578 3.588 3.629 3.626 3.613 1994-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.570 3.586 3.601 3.622 3.634 3.609 1994-2014 Regular 3.494 3.508 3.520 3.548 3.556 3.530 1993-2014 Conventional Areas 3.501 3.501 3.511 3.555 3.552 3.535 1993-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.493 3.510 3.522 3.547 3.557 3.529 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.682 3.695 3.716 3.731 3.746 3.730 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.685 3.684 3.695 3.727 3.724 3.720 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.681 3.697 3.721 3.733 3.751 3.733 1994-2014 Premium 3.829 3.840 3.858 3.875 3.889 3.872 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.846 3.849 3.857 3.892 3.891 3.884 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.825 3.837 3.858 3.871 3.888 3.869 1994-2014

399

West Coast less California Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

350 3.348 3.344 3.369 3.393 3.392 1998-2014 350 3.348 3.344 3.369 3.393 3.392 1998-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.395 3.386 3.384 3.401 3.423 3.420 2000-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.138 3.162 3.155 3.214 3.252 3.258 1998-2014 Regular 3.298 3.295 3.292 3.317 3.341 3.338 1998-2014 Conventional Areas 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.078 3.104 3.097 3.155 3.194 3.201 1998-2014 Midgrade 3.435 3.432 3.430 3.451 3.481 3.477 1998-2014 Conventional Areas 3.479 3.471 3.470 3.483 3.510 3.508 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.238 3.257 3.249 3.309 3.348 3.336 1998-2014 Premium 3.589 3.582 3.578 3.602 3.627 3.632 1998-2014 Conventional Areas 3.633 3.619 3.617 3.632 3.655 3.659 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas

400

Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

00 3.439 3.518 3.537 3.548 3.555 1993-2013 00 3.439 3.518 3.537 3.548 3.555 1993-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.456 3.492 3.551 3.571 3.589 3.592 1994-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.365 3.406 3.498 3.516 3.523 3.533 1994-2013 Regular 3.295 3.341 3.423 3.441 3.447 3.457 1993-2013 Conventional Areas 3.371 3.411 3.471 3.496 3.509 3.514 1993-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.247 3.297 3.393 3.407 3.408 3.421 1994-2013 Midgrade 3.491 3.518 3.592 3.617 3.634 3.636 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.484 3.524 3.581 3.592 3.609 3.611 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.496 3.514 3.598 3.632 3.649 3.651 1994-2013 Premium 3.663 3.684 3.760 3.779 3.800 3.805 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.700 3.721 3.781 3.791 3.820 3.818 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.641 3.662 3.748 3.772 3.789 3.797 1994-2013

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 21 Federal Register / Vol. 66, No. 226 / Friday, November 23, 2001 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Energy Technology Laboratory; Notice of Availability of a Financial Assistance Solicitation AGENCY: National Energy Technology Laboratory, Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Notice of availability of a financial assistance solicitation. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the intent to issue Financial Assistance Solicitation No. DE-PS26-02NT41423 entitled ''Black Liquor/Biomass Gasification Technology Support Research and Development.'' It is the intent of the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), on behalf of the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, to solicit the submission of

402

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 220 / Friday, November 14, 2003 / Notices 1 Because the plants' refueling schedules determine the availability for lead assembly use, Duke Power Company has submitted a license amendment request to the NRC to allow irradiation of MOX lead assemblies at Catawba. The SA also analyzes the use of the McGuire Nuclear Station (McGuire) in North Carolina, which could be used in lieu of Catawba, if a license amendment request were submitted and approved. SUMMARY: The Leader, Regulatory Information Management Group, Office of the Chief Information Officer, invites comments on the proposed information collection requests as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments on or before January

403

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

57 57 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 54 / Tuesday, March 22, 2005 / Notices shall include a detailed explanation of the dispute. Upon the other Manager's receipt of such notice, that Manager shall have 15 working days to provide to the disputing Party a written answer to the notice and explanation. The notice and answer, including any exhibits thereto, shall be the Record of Dispute. After such 15-day period has expired, the Managers shall make their best efforts to resolve the dispute within 20 working days. C. If the Managers do not resolve the dispute within 20 days, the dispute will be elevated to FWS's Regional Director and DOE's Rocky Flats Manager or successor. Within 30 working days of receiving the Record of Dispute, they shall confer and attempt to resolve the

404

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

13 13 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 223 / Friday, November 19, 1999 / Notices numbers for EPA's regulations are listed in 40 CFR part 9 and 48 CFR Chapter 15. The EPA would like to solicit comments to: (i) Evaluate whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (ii) Evaluate the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (iii) Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (iv) Minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated electronic,

405

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

78 78 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 158 / Wednesday, August 17, 2005 / Notices requirements and practices for institutions participating in the Title IV, Higher Education Act (HEA) programs. The public is alerted that this package is a request for an extension of a currently approved collection. Until the anticipated reauthorization of the Higher Education Act and any resulting changes to the implementing regulations, the existing paperwork collection is simply extended, rather than revised. Requests for copies of the proposed information collection request may be accessed from http://edicsweb.ed.gov, by selecting the ''Browse Pending Collections'' link and by clicking on link number 2853. When you access the information collection, click on ''Download Attachments'' to view.

406

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

87 87 Federal Register / Vol. 61, No. 173 / Thursday, September 5, 1996 / Notices of burden accurate, (4) how might the Department enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected, and (5) how might the Department minimize the burden of this collection on the respondents, including through the use of information technology. Dated: August 29, 1996. Gloria Parker, Director, Information Resources Group. Office of Elementary and Secondary Education Type of Review: New. Title: Guidance on the Goals 2000 Amendments (Draft). Frequency: One-time submission. Affected Public: State, local or Tribal Gov't, SEAs or LEAs. Reporting and Recordkeeping Hour Burden: Responses: 30 Burden Hours: 3,000 Abstract: The Omnibus Consolidated Rescissions and Appropriations Act of

407

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

04 04 Federal Register / Vol. 67, No. 130 / Monday, July 8, 2002 / Notices Background The claim in question arose when the Department's Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education (Assistant Secretary) issued a program determination letter (PDL) on March 26, 1997. The PDL demanded a refund of $1,846,718 of funds provided to the PRDE for school years 1991-92 and 1992-93 under Chapter 1 of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (1988)). Specifically, the Assistant Secretary found that the PRDE had used Chapter 1 funds to assess the educational needs of all public and private school children in violation of statutory and regulatory requirements that permitted the use of those funds only for programs designed to meet the

408

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

90 90 Federal Register / Vol. 61, No. 173 / Thursday, September 5, 1996 / Notices written comments concerning (1) the scope of the EIS, (2) the issues the EIS should address, and (3) the alternatives the EIS should analyze. Please address written comments to Mr. Grainger at the address indicated above. These comments should be postmarked by November 1, 1996 to ensure full consideration. Organizations and individuals wishing to participate in the public meeting can call 1-800-242-8269 between 8:30 AM and 5:00 PM Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, or submit their requests to Mr. Grainger at the address indicated above. DOE requests that anyone who wishes to speak at the scoping meeting preregister by contacting Mr. Grainger, either by phone or in writing. Preregistration

409

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

30 30 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 214 / Friday, November 5, 1999 / Notices natural or human environment. Because no significant environmental impacts will result from implementation of the proposed action, an Environmental Impact Statement is not required and will not be prepared. The Army will not initiate the proposed action for 15 days following the completion of the EA and FNSI and publication of a public notice in a local newspaper. This EA is available for review at the following repositories: Lassen Community College Library, Highway 139, P.O. Box 3000, Susanville, CA 96130; Lassen County Public Works, 707 Nevada Street, Suite 2, Susanville, CA 96130; and the Washoe County Library, Downtown Branch, 301 South Center Street, Reno NV 89501. Dated: November 1, 1999.

410

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2266 2266 Federal Register / Vol. 66, No. 86 / Thursday, May 3, 2001 / Notices The States eligible to apply for incentive grant awards, and the amount they are eligible to receive are Florida, $2,645,125; Indiana, $1,308,726; Kentucky, $1,400,631; Texas, $3,000,000; Utah, $882,167; and Vermont $843,351. The six eligible States must submit their applications for incentive funding to the Department of Labor by June 18, 2001. As set forth in the provisions of WIA section 503(b)(2), and 20 CFR 666.220(b), the application must include assurances that: A. The legislature of the State was consulted with respect to the development of the application. B. The application was approved by the Governor, the eligible agency for adult education (as defined in section 203 of WIA), and the State agency

411

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07 07 Federal Register / Vol. 69, No. 146 / Friday, July 30, 2004 / Notices assessment; and (f) environmental statistics. Process and Deadline for Submitting Nominations Any interested person or organization may nominate individuals qualified in the areas of expertise described above to serve on the Subcommittee. Nominations should be submitted in electronic format through the Form for Nominating Individuals to Panels of the EPA Science Advisory Board provided on the SAB Web site, http:// www.epa.gov/sab. The form can be accessed through a link on the blue navigational bar on the SAB Web site, http://www.epa.gov/sab. To be considered, all nominations must include the information required on that form. Anyone who is unable to submit nominations using this form, and any

412

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 Federal Register / Vol. 61, No. 17 / Thursday, January 25, 1996 / Notices Department of Energy Organization Act (Public Law 95-91), and rules and regulations issued in implementation of those Acts. Further information regarding this Advisory Board may be obtained from Rachel Murphy Samuel at (202) 586- 3279. Issued in Washington, DC, on January 18, 1996. JoAnne Whitman, Deputy Advisory Committee Management Officer. [FR Doc. 96-1197 Filed 1-24-96; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6450-01-P Alternative Strategies for the Long- Term Management and Use of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride AGENCY: Department of Energy ACTION: Notice of Intent (NOI). SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) announces its intent to prepare a programmatic environmental impact statement (PEIS) pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act

413

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

247 247 Federal Register / Vol. 61, No. 138 / Wednesday, July 17, 1996 / Notices by the Secretary of Commerce. The purpose of this meeting is to review the 1996 Award applications and to select applications to be considered in the site visit stage of the evaluation. The applications under review contain trade secrets and proprietary commercial information submitted to the Government in confidence. DATES: The meeting will convene August 7, 1996, at 8:00 a.m. and adjourn at 5:00 p.m. on August 7, 1996. The entire meeting will be closed. ADDRESS: The meeting will be held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Administration Building, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Harry Hertz, Director for Quality Programs, National Institute of

414

Federal Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local government agencies are often the first places where homeowners seek financial assistance for mortgage relief. These requests come at a time when municipalities are facing increasing budgetary demands and diminishing revenues. With unemployment at an all time high and worsening economic conditions, the foreclosure crisis is not likely to abate in the near future. Due to the deep and spreading nationwide foreclosure crisis, Congress has enacted legislation that authorizes agencies in the federal government and national organizations to develop or expand programs to intervene and to assist borrowers by revising and guaranteeing loan agreements. Additionally, large financial institutions and banks are absorbing assets of failed entities and creating programs for homeowners to work out new loan terms. This document provides summaries of the major program offerings to borrowers by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development ( HUD), Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, NeighborWorks, large banks, and financial institutions that have clients nation-wide.

Hope For Homeowners Program

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09 09 Federal Register / Vol. 62, No. 182 / Friday, September 19, 1997 / Notices Information Officer, publishes this notice containing proposed information collection requests at the beginning of the Departmental review of the information collection. Each proposed information collection, grouped by office, contains the following: (1) Type of review requested, e.g., new, revision, extension, existing or reinstatement; (2) Title; (3) Summary of the collection; (4) Description of the need for, and proposed use of, the information; (5) Respondents and frequency of collection; and (6) Reporting and/or Recordkeeping burden. ED invites public comment at the address specified above. Copies of the requests are available from Patrick J. Sherrill at the address specified above. The Department of Education is

416

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 Federal Register / Vol. 69, No. 51 / Tuesday, March 16, 2004 / Notices meeting and will be provided opportunities to speak following previously scheduled speakers. Speakers will be requested to limit their initial comments to about five minutes. Speakers who need more than five minutes should indicate the length of time desired in their request. Depending on the number of speakers, DOE may need to limit speakers to five minutes initially but will provide additional opportunities as time permits. Speakers may also provide written materials to supplement their presentations. Oral and written comments will be given equal consideration. DOE will begin the meeting with an overview of the proposed Low-Emission Boiler System Project. The meeting will not be conducted as an evidentiary

417

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

146 146 Federal Register / Vol. 65, No. 122 / Friday, June 23, 2000 / Notices instructions; develop, acquire, install, and utilize technology and systems for the purposes of collecting, validating, and verifying information, processing and maintaining information, and disclosing and providing information; adjust the existing ways to comply with any previously applicable instructions and requirements; train personnel to be able to respond to a collection of information; search data sources; complete and review the collection of information; and transmit or otherwise disclose the information. EPA estimates that the changes discussed today, when implemented, will reduce burden by 23,000 hours and an insignificant number of dollars. Dated: June 14, 2000. Elizabeth Cotsworth, Director, Office of Solid Waste.

418

Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

139 139 Federal Register / Vol. 69, No. 225 / Tuesday, November 23, 2004 / Notices EIS until March 31, 2004. Once scoping ended, BPA revised the Scoping Summary to reflect all comments received, and republished the summary on April 7, 2004. Based on the results of the public scoping conducted for the Transmission Policy-Level EIS and internal considerations such as the current and most recently projected activities of BPA's Transmission Business Line and budget issues, BPA has decided that continued consideration of a comprehensive policy for BPA's transmission business is not in the best interests of the agency at this time. As a result, it is no longer necessary to proceed with preparation of the Transmission Policy-Level EIS. Therefore, BPA is issuing this notice of

419

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: April 26, 7: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on AddThis.com... Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates At 7.5 cents per gallon, Georgia had the lowest state gasoline tax in the

420

Biomass-based alcohol fuels: the near-term potential for use with gasoline  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report serves as an introduction to the requirements and prospects for a nationwide alcohol-gasoline fuel system based on alcohols derived from biomass resources. Technological and economic factors of the production and use of biomass-based methanol and ethanol fuels are evaluated relative to achieving 5 or 10 percent alcohol-gasoline blends by 1990. It is concluded the maximum attainable is a nationwide 5 percent methanol or ethanol-gasoline system replacing gasoline by 1990. Relative to existing gasoline systems, costs of alcohol-gasoline systems will be substantial.

Park, W.; Price, G.; Salo, D.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Gasoline Price Volatility Is a Concern This Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 of 5 5 of 5 Notes: March began with gasoline spot prices showing large increases over crude oil. Spot prices were nearly 20 cents per gallon over the already high crude oil prices, when normally the spread would be half that size. This spread was comparable to the spread seen in August 1997 when high demand, low stocks, and some refinery problems cause prices to surge. By the end of March the spread had fallen to about 16 cents per gallon, and by mid April was at about 11 cents per gallon as the inventory situation improved. Crude oil prices have also been falling, pulling gasoline spot prices down. Retail prices, which lag behind changes in the spot market, are turning down also. Regular gasoline prices peaked the week of March 20 at $1.53 and fell to $1.48 the week of April 10.

422

Short-Term Energy Outlook April 1999-Summer Gasoline Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summer Motor Gasoline Outlook Summer Motor Gasoline Outlook This year's base case outlook for summer (April-September) motor gasoline markets may be summarized as follows: * Pump Prices: (average regular) projected to average about $1.13 per gallon this summer, up 9-10 cents from last year. The increase, while substantial, still leaves average prices low compared to pre-1998 history, especially in inflation-adjusted terms. * Supplies: expected to be adequate, overall. Beginning-of-season inventories were even with the 1998 level, which was at the high end of the normal range. However, some refinery problems on the West Coast have tightened things up, at least temporarily. * Demand: up 2.0 percent from last summer due to solid economic growth and low (albeit rising) fuel prices; highway travel may reach 1.4 trillion miles for the

423

Gasoline Price Volatility Is a Concern This Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Last summer's low stocks and transition to Phase 2 RFG added price pressure over and above the already high crude price pressure on gasoline. As we ended last winter, gasoline inventories were low, and the spread between spot prices and crude oil were higher than typical as a result. Inventories did not recover and the spread remained higher than average through most of the summer. In November and December, as gasoline demand eased, prices relaxed and spreads returned to average levels -- only to rebound again in January and February as refineries began to undergo maintenance and the market watched the already low stock cushion erode further. This February, spreads are higher than last year -- averaging 14 cents so far. This is about twice what we would typically see this time of

424

Performance of gasoline and diesel fuels produced from COED syncrude  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fuel consumption and exhaust emissions characteristics were evaluated for gasoline and diesel fuel produced from coal liquid derived syncrude. The engine types used were: (1) current technology spark-ignition, homogeneous charge, (2) stratified-charge, and (3) Stirling. There were no significant changes in fuel consumption or exhaust emissions between syncrude-derived fuels and conventional fuels in stratified-charge and Stirling engines. Because of its low (approximately equal to 70) octane number and volatility, the synthetic gasoline required a reduction in compression ratio to achieve knock-limited, MBT spark timing. This was in comparison to the reference gasoline, in a single-cylinder spark-ignited test engine, at one speed/load point. Exhaust emissions were very similar between the two fuels.

Bechtold, R.L.; Fleming, R.D.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Three faces of US refining: Margins by gasoline customer type  

SciTech Connect

While it is well known that the US gasoline market has become more volatile in recent years, it is less widely appreciated that the deeply structured, term-contract-oriented companies within the refining and marketing sectors are likely to obtain the best profit margins. This issue stratifies refining margins by class of wholesale-gasoline trade. This issue also presents the following: (a) ED refining netback data series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of September 8, 1989; and (b) ED fuel price/tax series for countries of the Western Hemisphere, September 1989 edition. 5 figs., 5 tabs.

1989-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

426

Federal Energy Management Program: Better Buildings Federal Award  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Better Buildings Federal Award on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Better Buildings Federal...

427

Coordination of Federal Transmission Permitting on Federal Lands...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coordination of Federal Transmission Permitting on Federal Lands (216(h)) Coordination of Federal Transmission Permitting on Federal Lands (216(h)) On October 23, 2009, the...

428

Table EN1. Federal and State Motor Gasoline Taxes1 (Cents per Gallon)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The City of White Plains charges a total of 7.75% sales tax. 8 The San Francisco Metropolitan Area is comprised of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, ...

429

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: May 4, 2009 9: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on AddThis.com... Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World

430

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? The national average retail price of a gallon of regular gasoline in October 2013 was $3.34.

431

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #261: March 31, 2003 U.S. Gasoline...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: March 31, 2003 U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, January 1998-February 2003 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 261: March 31, 2003 U.S. Gasoline and...

432

Why has diesel fuel been more expensive than gasoline? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much does it cost to produce crude oil and natural gas? What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular gasoline? What's up (and down) with gasoline prices?

433

Do Gasoline Prices Resond Asymmetrically to Cost Shocks? The Confounding Effect of Edgeworth Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2006) "Retail Gasoline Price Cycles: Evidence from Guelph,Station-Specific Retail Price D a t a " , mimeo. Bachmeier,on Asymmetric Gasoline Price Re­ and Statistics "Rockets and

Noel, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

U.S. monthly gasoline price in December on track to be lowest...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Cheaper gasoline prices forcast over the next two years U.S. drivers are forecast to see moderately lower average gasoline prices at the pump over the next two years. The new...

435

How many gallons of gasoline does one barrel of oil make? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How many gallons of gasoline does one barrel of oil make? U.S. refineries produce about 19 gallons of motor gasoline from one barrel (42 gallons) of crude oil.

436

Advanced Membrane Systems: Recovering Wasteful and Hazardous Fuel Vapors at the Gasoline Tank  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Case study covering Compact Membrane Systems, Inc. and its membrane vapor processor that recovers fuel vapors from gasoline refueling.

437

Table 5.24 Retail Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sources: Motor Gasoline by Grade: · 1949-1973— Platt's Oil Price Handbook and Oilmanac, 1974, 51st Edition.

438

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Sustainable  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Basics Federal Requirements By Regulation

439

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Renewable  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Federal Requirements for Renewable Energy to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Renewable Energy on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Renewable Energy on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Renewable Energy on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Renewable Energy on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Renewable Energy on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Renewable Energy on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Technology Deployment Renewable Energy Federal Requirements Renewable Resources & Technologies

440

Analysis of the relative competitive position of marketers of motor gasoline  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In an effort to analyze the causes of changes in motor gasoline marketing, various economic data were collected and are presented. These data include; (1) gasoline sales by refiners; (2) sales through salaried retail outlets; (3) the number of gasoline retail outlets; and (4) the number of branded independent retail outlets. (PMA)

Not Available

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Analysis of leaded and unleaded gasoline pricing. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the evaluation of the cost price relation between the two fuels. The original scope of work identified three separate categories of effort: Gather and organize available data on the wholesale and retail prices of gasoline at a national level for the past 5 years. Using the data collected in Subtask 1, develop models of pricing practices that aid in explaining retail markups and price differentials for different types and grades of gasoline at different retail outlets in the current gasoline market. Using the data from Subtask 1 and the analysis framework from Subtask 2, analyze the likely range of future retail markups and price differentials for different grades of leaded and unleaded gasoline. The report is organized in a format that is different than suggested by the subtasks outlined above. The first section provides a characterization of the problem - data available to quantify cost and price of the fuels as well as issues that directly affect this relationship. The second section provides a discussion of issues likely to affect this relation in the future. The third section postulates a model that can be used to quantify the relation between fuels, octane levels, costs and prices.

1985-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

Utilization of Renewable Oxygenates as Gasoline Blending Components  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the use of higher alcohols and several cellulose-derived oxygenates as blend components in gasoline. Material compatibility issues are expected to be less severe for neat higher alcohols than for fuel-grade ethanol. Very little data exist on how blending higher alcohols or other oxygenates with gasoline affects ASTM Standard D4814 properties. Under the Clean Air Act, fuels used in the United States must be 'substantially similar' to fuels used in certification of cars for emission compliance. Waivers for the addition of higher alcohols at concentrations up to 3.7 wt% oxygen have been granted. Limited emission testing on pre-Tier 1 vehicles and research engines suggests that higher alcohols will reduce emissions of CO and organics, while NOx emissions will stay the same or increase. Most oxygenates can be used as octane improvers for standard gasoline stocks. The properties of 2-methyltetrahydrofuran, dimethylfuran, 2-methylfuran, methyl pentanoate and ethyl pentanoate suggest that they may function well as low-concentration blends with gasoline in standard vehicles and in higher concentrations in flex fuel vehicles.

Yanowitz, J.; Christensen, E.; McCormick, R. L.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Supermarket and Gasoline: An Empirical Study of Bundled Discount  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

purchases are above a certain dollar amount are offered a discount off the pump price of those gasoline://www.ftc.gov/os/2004/06/040618staffcommentsmichiganpetrol.pdf. 3 Parish Oil Co, Inc. v. Dillon Companies, Inc., 2006 WL 2632566 (D. Colo. 2006) #12;2 discounts on market average pump price, the relative pump price between

Schweik, Charles M.

444

Comparing Scales of Environmental Effects from Gasoline and Ethanol Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the environmental effects of alternative fuel production is critical to characterizing the sustainability of energy resources to inform policy and regulatory decisions. The magnitudes of these environmental effects vary according to the intensity and scale of fuel production along each step of the supply chain. We compare the scales (i.e., spatial extent and temporal duration) of ethanol and gasoline production processes and environmental effects based on a literature review, and then synthesize the scale differences on space-time diagrams. Comprehensive assessment of any fuel-production system is a moving target, and our analysis shows that decisions regarding the selection of spatial and temporal boundaries of analysis have tremendous influences on the comparisons. Effects that strongly differentiate gasoline and ethanol supply chains in terms of scale are associated with when and where energy resources are formed and how they are extracted. Although both gasoline and ethanol production may result in negative environmental effects, this study indicates that ethanol production traced through a supply chain may impact less area and result in more easily reversed effects of a shorter duration than gasoline production.

Parish, Esther S [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; McBride, Allen [ORNL; Johnson, Timothy L [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Raleigh, North Carolina; Hilliard, Michael R [ORNL; Bielicki, Dr Jeffrey M [University of Minnesota

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

62.6 71.6 92.3 89.9 82.6 72.7 - 78.2 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information Administration ...

446

Polygeneration Integration of Gasoline Synthesis and IGCC Power Production Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas produced by gasification in a gas turbine. This synthesis gas is also an excellent raw material for a gas turbine in a combined cycle power generation scheme. Coal Residue Gasification Gas Cleaning for chemicals production such as methanol, DiMethyl Ether (DME), gasoline, Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG), hydrogen

447

[98e]-Catalytic reforming of gasoline and diesel fuel  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory is developing a fuel processor for converting liquid hydrocarbon fuels to a hydrogen-rich product suitable for a polymer electrolyte fuel cell stack. The processor uses an autothermal reformer to convert the feed to a mixture of hydrogen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and water with trace quantities of other components. The carbon monoxide in the product gas is then converted to carbon dioxide in water-gas shift and preferential oxidation reactors. Fuels that have been tested include standard and low-sulfur gasoline and diesel fuel, and Fischer-Tropsch fuels. Iso-octane and n-hexadecane were also examined as surrogates for gasoline and diesel, respectively. Complete conversion of gasoline was achieved at 750 C in a microreactor over a novel catalyst developed at Argonne. Diesel fuel was completely converted at 850 C over this same catalyst. Product streams contained greater than 60% hydrogen on a dry, nitrogen-free basis with iso-octane, gasoline, and n-hexadecane. For a diesel fuel, product streams contained >50% hydrogen on a dry, nitrogen-free basis. The catalyst activity did not significantly decrease over >16 hours operation with the diesel fuel feed. Coke formation was not observed. The carbon monoxide fraction of the product gas could be reduced to as low as 1% on a dry, nitrogen-free basis when the water-gas shift reactors were used in tandem with the reformer.

Pereira, C.; Wilkenhoener, R.; Ahmed, S.; Krumpelt, M.

2000-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

448

50,000 mile methanol/gasoline blend fleet study: a progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Seven current production automobiles are being used in a fleet study to obtain operational experience in using 10% methanol/90% gasoline blends as an automotive fuel. Data from chassis dynamometer tests (run according to the 1975--1978 Federal test procedure) have been obtained, showing fuel economy and exhaust emissions of carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, unburned fuel, methanol, and aldehydes. These data are shown for each of the vehicles when operated on the 10% methanol blend, and on unleaded low octane Indolene. Chassis dynamometer tests were run at 5,000-mile intervals during the 35,000 miles accumulated on each of the four 1977 model-year vehicles and at 5,000 and 10,000 mile accumulation levels for each of the three 1978 model-year vehicles. These data show an average decrease in volumetric fuel economy (approx. = 5%) and a reduction in carbon monoxide emissions associated with the use of the 10% methanol blend. Exhaust emission deterioration factors are projected from the Federal test procedure urban cycle data. The most severe driveability problems that have been encountered thus far into the program are related to operating on a phase separated fuel and materials compatibility problems with an elastomer in the air-fuel control hardware of one vehicle.

Stamper, K R

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Biomass to Gasoline and DIesel Using Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion  

SciTech Connect

Cellulosic and woody biomass can be directly converted to hydrocarbon gasoline and diesel blending components through the use of integrated hydropyrolysis plus hydroconversion (IH2). The IH2 gasoline and diesel blending components are fully compatible with petroleum based gasoline and diesel, contain less than 1% oxygen and have less than 1 total acid number (TAN). The IH2 gasoline is high quality and very close to a drop in fuel. The DOE funding enabled rapid development of the IH2 technology from initial proof-of-principle experiments through continuous testing in a 50 kg/day pilot plant. As part of this project, engineering work on IH2 has also been completed to design a 1 ton/day demonstration unit and a commercial-scale 2000 ton/day IH2 unit. These studies show when using IH2 technology, biomass can be converted directly to transportation quality fuel blending components for the same capital cost required for pyrolysis alone, and a fraction of the cost of pyrolysis plus upgrading of pyrolysis oil. Technoeconomic work for IH2 and lifecycle analysis (LCA) work has also been completed as part of this DOE study and shows IH2 technology can convert biomass to gasoline and diesel blending components for less than $2.00/gallon with greater than 90% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. As a result of the work completed in this DOE project, a joint development agreement was reached with CRI Catalyst Company to license the IH2 technology. Further larger-scale, continuous testing of IH2 will be required to fully demonstrate the technology, and funding for this is recommended. The IH2 biomass conversion technology would reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil, reduce the price of transportation fuels, and significantly lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It is a breakthrough for the widespread conversion of biomass to transportation fuels.

Marker, Terry; Roberts, Michael; Linck, Martin; Felix, Larry; Ortiz-Toral, Pedro; Wangerow, Jim; Tan, Eric; Gephart, John; Shonnard, David

2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

450

IDENTIFYING THE USAGE PATTERNS OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AND OTHER OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE USING GASOLINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Energy Research (NIPER), 2) the Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association (MVMA), and 3) the U interested in fuel comparisons Thousands each year Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association (MVMA) National gasoline survey Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association 23 cities throughout the U.S. Summer of 1988

451

Federal Information Processing Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS). ... Replacement Standards for Withdrawn FIPS on Geographic Codes.

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

452

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Facility Annual Energy Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Facility Federal Facility Annual Energy Reports and Performance to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Facility Annual Energy Reports and Performance on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Facility Annual Energy Reports and Performance on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Facility Annual Energy Reports and Performance on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Facility Annual Energy Reports and Performance on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Facility Annual Energy Reports and Performance on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Facility Annual Energy Reports and Performance on AddThis.com... Requirements by Subject

453

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products September 2011 Update to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products September 2011 Update on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products September 2011 Update on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products September 2011 Update on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products September 2011 Update on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products September 2011 Update on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal

454

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products November 2011 Update to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products November 2011 Update on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products November 2011 Update on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products November 2011 Update on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products November 2011 Update on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products November 2011 Update on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal

455

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy-Efficient  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Federal Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products February 2012 Update to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products February 2012 Update on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products February 2012 Update on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products February 2012 Update on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products February 2012 Update on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products February 2012 Update on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal

456

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for the Procurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Federal Requirements for the Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for the Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for the Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for the Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for the Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for the Procurement of Energy-Efficient Products on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal

457

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Federal Requirements for Water Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Water Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Water Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Water Efficiency on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Water Efficiency on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Water Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Requirements for Water Efficiency on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Basics

458

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Utility Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Utility Partners to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Utility Partners on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Utility Partners on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Utility Partners on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Utility Partners on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Utility Partners on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Utility Partners on AddThis.com...

459

REFORMULATION OF COAL-DERIVED TRANSPORTATION FUELS: SELECTIVE OXIDATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE ON METAL FOAM CATALYSTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Uses for structured catalytic supports, such as ceramic straight-channel monoliths and ceramic foams, have been established for a long time. One of the most prominent examples is the washcoated ceramic monolith as a three-way catalytic converter for gasoline-powered automobiles. A distinct alternative to the ceramic monolith is the metal foam, with potential use in fuel cell-powered automobiles. The metal foams are characterized by their pores per inch (ppi) and density ({rho}). In previous research, using 5 wt% platinum (Pt) and 0.5 wt% iron (Fe) catalysts, washcoated metal foams, 5.08 cm in length and 2.54 cm in diameter, of both varying and similar ppi and {rho} were tested for their activity (X{sub CO}) and selectivity (S{sub CO}) on a CO preferential oxidation (PROX) reaction in the presence of a H{sub 2}-rich gas stream. The variances in these metal foams' activity and selectivity were much larger than expected. Other structured supports with 5 wt% Pt, 0-1 wt% Fe weight loading were also examined. A theory for this phenomenon states that even though these structured supports have a similar nominal catalyst weight loading, only a certain percentage of the Pt/Fe catalyst is exposed on the surface as an active site for CO adsorption. We will use two techniques, pulse chemisorption and temperature programmed desorption (TPD), to characterize our structured supports. Active metal count, metal dispersion, and other calculations will help clarify the causes for the activity and selectivity variations between the supports. Results on ceramic monoliths show that a higher Fe loading yields a lower dispersion, potentially because of Fe inhibition of the Pt surface for CO adsorption. This theory is used to explain the reason for activity and selectivity differences for varying ppi and {rho} metal foams; less active and selective metal foams have a lower Fe loading, which justifies their higher metal dispersion. Data on the CO desorption temperature and average metal crystallite size for TPD are also collected.

Paul Chin; George W. Roberts; James J. Spivey

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

460

Ethanol Blend Effects On Direct Injection Spark-Ignition Gasoline Vehicle Particulate Matter Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct injection spark-ignition (DISI) gasoline engines can offer better fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected counterparts, and are now appearing increasingly in more U.S. vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged DISI engines are likely to be used in lieu of large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, to meet fuel economy standards for 2016. In addition to changes in gasoline engine technology, fuel composition may increase in ethanol content beyond the 10% allowed by current law due to the Renewable Fuels Standard passed as part of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA). In this study, we present the results of an emissions analysis of a U.S.-legal stoichiometric, turbocharged DISI vehicle, operating on ethanol blends, with an emphasis on detailed particulate matter (PM) characterization. Gaseous species, particle mass, and particle number concentration emissions were measured for the Federal Test Procedure urban driving cycle (FTP 75) and the more aggressive US06 cycle. Particle number-size distributions and organic to elemental carbon ratios (OC/EC) were measured for 30 MPH and 80 MPH steady-state operation. In addition, particle number concentration was measured during wide open throttle accelerations (WOTs) and gradual accelerations representative of the FTP 75. For the gaseous species and particle mass measurements, dilution was carried out using a full flow constant volume sampling system (CVS). For the particle number concentration and size distribution measurements, a micro-tunnel dilution system was employed. The vehicles were fueled by a standard test gasoline and 10% (E10) and 20% (E20) ethanol blends from the same supplier. The particle mass emissions were approximately 3 and 7 mg/mile for the FTP75 and US06, respectively, with lower emissions for the ethanol blends. During steady-state operation, the geometric mean diameter of the particle-number size distribution remained approximately the same (50 nm) but the particle number concentration decreased with increasing ethanol content in the fuel. In addition, increasing ethanol content significantly reduced the number concentration of 50 and 100 nm particles during gradual and WOT accelerations.

Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Techno-economic Analysis for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Gasoline via the Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) Process  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biomass is a renewable energy resource that can be converted into liquid fuel suitable for transportation applications. As a widely available biomass form, lignocellulosic biomass can have a major impact on domestic transportation fuel supplies and thus help meet the Energy Independence and Security Act renewable energy goals (U.S. Congress 2007). With gasification technology, biomass can be converted to gasoline via methanol synthesis and methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) technologies. Producing a gasoline product that is infrastructure ready has much potential. Although the MTG technology has been commercially demonstrated with natural gas conversion, combining MTG with biomass gasification has not been shown. Therefore, a techno-economic evaluation for a biomass MTG process based on currently available technology was developed to provide information about benefits and risks of this technology. The economic assumptions used in this report are consistent with previous U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biomass Programs techno-economic assessments. The feedstock is assumed to be wood chips at 2000 metric ton/day (dry basis). Two kinds of gasification technologies were evaluated: an indirectly-heated gasifier and a directly-heated oxygen-blown gasifier. The gasoline selling prices (2008 USD) excluding taxes were estimated to be $3.20/gallon and $3.68/gallon for indirectly-heated gasified and directly-heated. This suggests that a process based on existing technology is economic only when crude prices are above $100/bbl. However, improvements in syngas cleanup combined with consolidated gasoline synthesis can potentially reduce the capital cost. In addition, improved synthesis catalysts and reactor design may allow increased yield.

Jones, Susanne B.; Zhu, Yunhua

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Federal Interagency Chemistry Representatives (FICR) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Federal Interagency Chemistry Representatives (FICR) Meeting 2013 - A Federal Green Chemistry Forum. ...

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

463

Federal Financial Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

FEDERAL FINANCIAL REPORT FEDERAL FINANCIAL REPORT (Follow form instructions) 1. Federal Agency and Organizational Element 2. Federal Grant or Other Identifying Number Assigned by Federal Agency Page of to Which Report is Submitted (To report multiple grants, use FFR Attachment) 1 pages 3. Recipient Organization (Name and complete address including Zip code) 4a. DUNS Number 4b. EIN 5. Recipient Account Number or Identifying Number 6. Report Type 7. Basis of Accounting

464

Appendix D - Federal Highway User Fees  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D - FEDERAL HIGHWAY USER FEES D - FEDERAL HIGHWAY USER FEES FEDERAL HIGHWAY-USER FEES 1/ OCTOBER 2001 TABLE FE-21B USER FEE TAX RATE DISTRIBUTION OF TAX EFFECTIVE DATE HIGHWAY TRUST FUND LEAKING UNDER- GROUND STORAGE TANK TRUST FUND GENERAL FUND HIGHWAY ACCOUNT MASS TRANSIT ACCOUNT Fuel Taxes (Cents per Gallon) Gasoline 18.3 01/01/96 12 2 - 4.3 18.4 10/01/97 15.44 2.86 0.1 - Diesel and Kerosene fuel 24.3 01/01/96 18 2 - 4.3 24.4 10/01/97 21.44 2.86 0.1 - Special fuels 2/ 3/ 18.3 01/01/96 12 2 - 4.3 Liquefied Petroleum Gas 13.6 10/01/97 11.47 2.13 - - Liquefied Natural Gas 11.9 10/01/97 10.04 1.86 - - Other Special Fuels 18.4 10/01/97 15.44 2.86 0.1 - Neat alcohol (85% alcohol) 3/ 4/ 9.25 10/01/97 7.72 1.43 0.1 - Compressed natural gas 5/ 4.3 10/01/93 - - - 4.3

465

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: May 16, 2011 5: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on AddThis.com...

466

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

efficient electric water heaters available, saving 50% to 60% over standard products. ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency...

467

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Technology Deployment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Initiatives Solid State Lighting Working Group Distributed Energy ResourcesCombined Heat & Power Resources Renewable Energy Federal Technology Deployment Working Group Energy...

468

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Fleet Reporting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

legislation requires agencies to annually report information on Federal motor vehicle usage and the makeup of their motor vehicle fleets. Agencies must also report the use of...

469

PRESERVATION OF FEDERAL RECORDS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PRESERVATION OF FEDERAL RECORDS PRESERVATION OF FEDERAL RECORDS The Federal Records Act requires the Department of Energy (DOE) Records Officer to remind departing Federal and contractor employees that Federal records may not be removed from Government custody nor may they be destroyed except in accordance with a records disposition schedule that has been approved by the Archivist of the United States. The creation of adequate documentation and the preservation of Federal records are required by law and regulation (contained in 36 CFR Chapter XII). As Federal and contractor employees, you have Federal record-keeping responsibilities that are regulated by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) to ensure the retention and preservation of Federal records. PURPOSE The purpose of this brochure is to provide records exit procedures for

470

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008 April 2008 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the U.S. Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requestor. Preface and Contacts

471

Inquiry into August 2003 Gasoline Price Spike Â… Revised Outline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Inquiry into August 2003 Gasoline Price Spike Inquiry into August 2003 Gasoline Price Spike November 2003 Office of Oil and Gas Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Contacts and Acknowledgments This report was prepared by the Office of Oil and Gas of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) under the direction of John Cook, Director, Petroleum Division. Questions concerning the report may be directed to Joanne Shore (202/586-4677),

472

Potential for producing and marketing gasoline substitutes from western coal  

SciTech Connect

Through June, 1978, one major emphasis of the program is a regional coal assessment for input to the ERDA National Coal Assessment (NCA). The NCA will utilize information on regional energy options to (1) generate development scenarios and to (2) evaluate regional impacts associated with these scenarios. One problem that the NCA must face is determining the likelihood of a particular development occurring within the region. Before embarking on a large-scale program to assess the socio-economic, environmental, and health effects of placing several coal liquefaction plants in the western United States, it was essential to have some indication of ''if'' and ''when'' state-of-the-art and future technologies might be utilized. A multisector model with regional detail would be required to thoroughly assess the likelihood of commercial-scale liquefaction occurring in Montana and Wyoming under market conditions. However, significant information can be obtained from a constrained partial analysis, which was the procedure for this study. Some fundamental terminology used in this analysis is reviewed in Section 2 of this report. Future demand and potential supply of gasoline from domestic crude oil are treated in Sections 3 and 4. The costs of supplying synthetic gasoline and methanol from western coal as well as the qualitative aspects of these fuels are examined in Section 5. In Section 6 the supply and demand functions are solved simultaneously under various import schemes to trace out a family of gasoline-market equilibrium price curves over time. Three scenarios are then analyzed by comparing the costs of supplying synthetic fuels with the market equilibrium prices for gasoline. Market potential for the synthetic fuels is estimated for a wide range of coal prices. Section 7 includes a summary, concluding comments, and research recommendations. (MCW)

Currie, J.W.; Braun, D.J.

1976-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Potential for producing and marketing gasoline substitutes from western coal  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Through June, 1978, one major emphasis of the program is a regional coal assessment for input to the ERDA National Coal Assessment (NCA). The NCA will utilize information on regional energy options to (1) generate development scenarios and to (2) evaluate regional impacts associated with these scenarios. One problem that the NCA must face is determining the likelihood of a particular development occurring within the region. Before embarking on a large-scale program to assess the socio-economic, environmental, and health effects of placing several coal liquefaction plants in the western United States, it was essential to have some indication of ''if'' and ''when'' state-of-the-art and future technologies might be utilized. A multisector model with regional detail would be required to thoroughly assess the likelihood of commercial-scale liquefaction occurring in Montana and Wyoming under market conditions. However, significant information can be obtained from a constrained partial analysis, which was the procedure for this study. Some fundamental terminology used in this analysis is reviewed in Section 2 of this report. Future demand and potential supply of gasoline from domestic crude oil are treated in Sections 3 and 4. The costs of supplying synthetic gasoline and methanol from western coal as well as the qualitative aspects of these fuels are examined in Section 5. In Section 6 the supply and demand functions are solved simultaneously under various import schemes to trace out a family of gasoline-market equilibrium price curves over time. Three scenarios are then analyzed by comparing the costs of supplying synthetic fuels with the market equilibrium prices for gasoline. Market potential for the synthetic fuels is estimated for a wide range of coal prices. Section 7 includes a summary, concluding comments, and research recommendations. (MCW)

Currie, J.W.; Braun, D.J.

1976-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Results from the first year of operation of the Federal Methanol Fleet at Argonne National Laboratory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory, under the auspices of the Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Utilization Program, has managed the Federal Methanol Fleet Project since its inception in fiscal year 1985. This congressionally-mandated project directed the Department of Energy to introduce methanol-fueled vehicles into civilian government fleet operations. This interim report describes the first year of operation of a methanol fleet at Argonne National Laboratory in Argonne, Illinois. The fleet consists of five methanol-fueled 1986 Chevrolet S-10 pickup trucks along with five Chevrolet S-10s for comparison, as well as five methanol-fueled 1986 Ford Crown Victorias paired with four gasoline Fords. Data have been collected and tabulated on fuel consumption, maintenance records, oil sample analyses, and driver perceptions of vehicle operability. Energy efficiency for the methanol vehicles was slightly greater than that for the counterpart gasoline vehicles. Maintenance records reveal that the methanol vehicles required substantially more service than the gasoline vehicles, but a large proportion of the difference was due to methanol component replacements where improvements or upgrades were scheduled to be implemented after the vehicles were in service. Oil sample analyses revealed that engine wear rates were higher in the methanol vehicles. Drivers indicated that the methanol vehicles are quite acceptable, but they rated the gasoline vehicles higher. The Argonne fleet serves as the cold-weather site of the Federal Methanol Fleet and, as such, the methanol vehicles have been outfitted with special systems to aid in cold-starting and driveability.

McGill, R.N.; Hillis, S.L.; Larsen, R.P.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Impacts of Mid-level Biofuel Content in Gasoline on SIDI Engine-Out and Tailpipe Particulate Matter Emissions: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The influences of ethanol and iso-butanol blended with gasoline on engine-out and post Three-Way Catalyst (TWC) particle size distribution and number concentration were studied using a GM 2.0L turbocharged Spark Ignition Direct Injection (SIDI) engine. The engine was operated using the production ECU with a dynamometer controlling the engine speed and the accelerator pedal position controlling the engine load. A TSI Fast Mobility Particle Sizer (FMPS) spectrometer was used to measure the particle size distribution in the range from 5.6 to 560 nm with a sampling rate of 1 Hz. US federal certification gasoline (E0), two ethanol-blended fuels (E10 and E20), and 11.7% iso-butanol blended fuel (BU12) were tested. Measurements were conducted at ten selected steady-state engine operation conditions. Bi-modal particle size distributions were observed for all operating conditions with peak values at particle sizes of 10 nm and 70 nm. Idle and low speed / low load conditions emitted higher total particle numbers than other operating conditions. At idle, the engine-out Particulate Matter (PM) emissions were dominated by nucleation mode particles, and the production TWC reduced these nucleation mode particles by more than 50%, while leaving the accumulation mode particle distribution unchanged. At engine load higher than 6 bar NMEP, accumulation mode particles dominated the engine-out particle emissions and the TWC had little effect. Compared to the baseline gasoline (E0), E10 does not significantly change PM emissions, while E20 and BU12 both reduce PM emissions under the conditions studied. Iso-butanol was observed to impact PM emissions more than ethanol, with up to 50% reductions at some conditions. In this paper, the issues related to PM measurement using FMPS are also discussed. While some uncertainties are due to engine variation, the FMPS must be operated under careful maintenance procedures in order to achieve repeatable measurement results.

He, X.; Ireland, J. C.; Zigler, B. T.; Ratcliff, M. A.; Knoll, K. E.; Alleman, T. L.; Tester, J. T.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-40 Federal Register /Vol. 75, No. 55 /Tuesday, March 23, 2010 /page 14059 A summary for the FAR rule follows. Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS) (FAR case 2008-027) Effective Date: April 22, 2010. This final rule amends the FAR to implement section 872 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009. Section 872 requires the establishment of a data system, Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS), containing specific information on the integrity and performance of covered Federal agency contractors and grantees. FAPIIS is available for use in award decisions at www.ppirs.gov. Government input to FAPIIS is accomplished at www.cpars.csd.disa.mil.

477

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

all petroleum reports all petroleum reports Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update Gasoline Release Date: December 16, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 23, 2013 Diesel Fuel Release Date: December 16, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 23, 2013 U.S. Regular Gasoline Prices* (dollars per gallon)full history Change from 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13 week ago year ago U.S. 3.272 3.269 3.239 values are down -0.030 values are down -0.015 East Coast (PADD1) 3.389 3.382 3.373 values are down -0.009 values are up 0.023 New England (PADD1A) 3.475 3.494 3.508 values are up 0.014 values are up 0.015 Central Atlantic (PADD1B) 3.441 3.447 3.457 values are up 0.010 values are down -0.029 Lower Atlantic (PADD1C) 3.325 3.300 3.270 values are down -0.030 values are up 0.063

478

Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethanol made from corn comprises 10 % of US gasoline, up from 3 % in 2003. This dramatic increase was spurred by recent policy initiatives such as the Renewable Fuel Standard and state-level blend mandates, and supported by direct subsidies such as the Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit. Some proponents of ethanol have argued that ethanol production greatly lowers gasoline prices, with one industry group claiming it reduced gasoline prices by 89 cents in 2010 and $1.09 in 2011. The estimates have been cited in numerous speeches by Secretary of Agriculture Thomas Vilsack. These estimates are based on a series of papers by Xiaodong Du and Dermot Hayes. We show that these results are driven by implausible economic assumptions and spurious statistical correlations. To support this last point, we use the same statistical models and find that ethanol production “decreases ” natural gas prices, but “increases” unemployment in both the US and Europe. We even show that ethanol production “increases ” the ages of our children.

Christopher R. Knittel; Aaron Smith

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Lean NOx catalysis for gasoline fueled European cars  

SciTech Connect

There is increasing interest in operating gasoline fueled passenger cars lean of the stoichiometric air/fuel (A/F) ratio to improve fuel economy. These types of engines will operate at lean A/F ratios while cruising at partial load, and return to stoichiometric or even rich conditions when more power is required. The challenge for the engine and catalyst manufacturer is to develop a system which will combine the high activity rates of a state-of-the-art three-way catalyst (TWC) with the ability to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) in the presence of excess oxygen. The objective is to achieve the future legislative limits (EURO III/IV) in the European Union. Recent developments in automotive pollution control catalysis show that the use of NOx adsorption materials is a suitable way to reduce NOx emissions of gasoline-fueled lean-burn engines. However, the primary task for the implementation of this technology in the European market will be to improve the catalyst`s high-temperature stability and to decrease its susceptibility to sulfur poisoning. Outlined here are results of a recent R and D program to achieve NOx reduction under lean-burn gasoline engine conditions. Model gas test results as well as engine bench data are used for discussion of the parameters which control NOx adsorption efficiency under various conditions.

NONE

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Greenhouse Gas Inventories and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inventories and Performance to someone by E-mail Inventories and Performance to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Greenhouse Gas Inventories and Performance on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Greenhouse Gas Inventories and Performance on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Greenhouse Gas Inventories and Performance on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Greenhouse Gas Inventories and Performance on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Greenhouse Gas Inventories and Performance on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Greenhouse Gas Inventories and Performance on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "federal reformulated gasoline" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industry Commitment to someone by E-mail Industry Commitment to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Industry Commitment on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Industry Commitment on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Industry Commitment on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Industry Commitment on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Industry Commitment on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Industry Commitment on AddThis.com... Energy Savings Performance Contracts

482

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency Acquisition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Energy Federal Energy Efficiency Acquisition Guidance and Requirements for Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency Acquisition Guidance and Requirements for Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency Acquisition Guidance and Requirements for Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency Acquisition Guidance and Requirements for Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency Acquisition Guidance and Requirements for Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency

483

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Participants to someone by E-mail Participants to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Participants on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Participants on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Participants on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Participants on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Participants on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Participants on AddThis.com... Energy Savings Performance Contracts ENABLE Utility Energy Service Contracts

484

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Water Efficiency Best...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Water Efficiency Best Management Practices to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Water Efficiency Best Management Practices on Facebook...

485

Federal Energy Management Program: Guiding Principles for Federal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Guiding Principles for Federal...

486

Federal Energy Management Program: 2011 Federal Energy and Water...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2011 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winners to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: 2011 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winners on...

487

Federal Agency NEPA Procedures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Each Federal agency is required to develop NEPA procedures that supplement the CEQ Regulations. Developed in consultation with CEQ, Federal agency NEPA procedures must meet the standards in the CEQ...

488

Investigation of Knock limited Compression Ratio of Ethanol Gasoline Blends  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ethanol offers significant potential for increasing the compression ratio of SI engines resulting from its high octane number and high latent heat of vaporization. A study was conducted to determine the knock limited compression ratio of ethanol gasoline blends to identify the potential for improved operating efficiency. To operate an SI engine in a flex fuel vehicle requires operating strategies that allow operation on a broad range of fuels from gasoline to E85. Since gasoline or low ethanol blend operation is inherently limited by knock at high loads, strategies must be identified which allow operation on these fuels with minimal fuel economy or power density tradeoffs. A single cylinder direct injection spark ignited engine with fully variable hydraulic valve actuation (HVA) is operated at WOT conditions to determine the knock limited compression ratio (CR) of ethanol fuel blends. The geometric compression ratio is varied by changing pistons, producing CR from 9.2 to 13.66. The effective CR is varied using an electro-hydraulic valvetrain that changed the effective trapped displacement using both Early Intake Valve Closing (EIVC) and Late Intake Valve Closing (LIVC). The EIVC and LIVC strategies result in effective CR being reduced while maintaining the geometric expansion ratio. It was found that at substantially similar engine conditions, increasing the ethanol content of the fuel results in higher engine efficiency and higher engine power. These can be partially attributed to a charge cooling effect and a higher heating valve of a stoichiometric mixture for ethanol blends (per unit mass of air). Additional thermodynamic effects on and a mole multiplier are also explored. It was also found that high CR can increase the efficiency of ethanol fuel blends, and as a result, the fuel economy penalty associated with the lower energy content of E85 can be reduced by about a third. Such operation necessitates that the engine be operated in a de-rated manner for gasoline, which is knock-prone at these high CR, in order to maintain compatibility. By using EIVC and LIVC strategies, good efficiency is maintained with gasoline, but power is reduced by about 34%.

Szybist, James P [ORNL; Youngquist, Adam D [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Moore, Wayne [Delphi; Foster, Matthew [Delphi; Confer, Keith [Delphi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Federal Reserve System. Filename  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* Any views expressed represent those of the author only and not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve

Til Schuermann; Fannie Mae; Freddie Mac; Wells Fargo; Morgan Stanley; Deutsche Bank

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Federal Employee Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Chief Human Capital Officer the Chief Human Capital Officer Office of Learning and Workforce Development July 26, 2011 Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Federal Employee Training Page 2 of 53 July 26, 2011 Desk Reference Contents CHAPTER I. TRAINING REQUESTs, APPROVALs, AUTHORIZATIONS AND ALLOWABLE COSTs ........................................................................................................................................................... 3 1. TRAINING REQUESTS. ................................................................................................................. 3 2. TRAINING APPROVALS. .............................................................................................................. 3

491

Federal Energy Management Program: Outreach  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outreach to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Outreach on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Outreach on Twitter Bookmark Federal...

492

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #316: April 19, 2004 U.S. Gasoline and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: April 19, 6: April 19, 2004 U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, January 1998-February 2004 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #316: April 19, 2004 U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, January 1998-February 2004 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #316: April 19, 2004 U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, January 1998-February 2004 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #316: April 19, 2004 U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, January 1998-February 2004 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #316: April 19, 2004 U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, January 1998-February 2004 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #316: April 19, 2004 U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, January 1998-February 2004 on Digg

493

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #425: May 22, 2006 The Price of Gasoline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: May 22, 2006 5: May 22, 2006 The Price of Gasoline and Vehicle Travel: How Do They Relate? to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #425: May 22, 2006 The Price of Gasoline and Vehicle Travel: How Do They Relate? on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #425: May 22, 2006 The Price of Gasoline and Vehicle Travel: How Do They Relate? on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #425: May 22, 2006 The Price of Gasoline and Vehicle Travel: How Do They Relate? on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #425: May 22, 2006 The Price of Gasoline and Vehicle Travel: How Do They Relate? on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #425: May 22, 2006 The Price of Gasoline and Vehicle Travel: How Do They Relate? on Digg

494

Evaluation and reporting of county gasoline use methodologies. Final report, June 1991-September 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report reviews two EPA studies that investigated improvements in the allocation of state-level gasoline sales to the county level in order to improve annual county-level emissions estimates from the source category. The studies attempted to develop improved allocation procedures for estimating county-level gasoline sales using data for several states. The first study developed regression equations using county-level data to estimate county gasoline sales, while the second study analyzed proportional allocation methods using state- and county-level data to estimate county gasoline. Estimated county gasoline sales using the regression equations were generally closer to actual sales than gasoline sales predicted using the existing EPA approach.

Kersteter, S.L.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #123: April 10, 2000 U.S. Gasoline and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: April 10, 3: April 10, 2000 U.S. Gasoline and Oil Prices: January 1998 - March 2000 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #123: April 10, 2000 U.S. Gasoline and Oil Prices: January 1998 - March 2000 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #123: April 10, 2000 U.S. Gasoline and Oil Prices: January 1998 - March 2000 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #123: April 10, 2000 U.S. Gasoline and Oil Prices: January 1998 - March 2000 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #123: April 10, 2000 U.S. Gasoline and Oil Prices: January 1998 - March 2000 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #123: April 10, 2000 U.S. Gasoline and Oil Prices: January 1998 - March 2000 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #123:

496

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy and Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Energy and Federal Energy and Water Management Awards to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy and Water Management Awards on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy and Water Management Awards on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy and Water Management Awards on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy and Water Management Awards on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy and Water Management Awards on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy and Water Management Awards on AddThis.com... Project Assistance Training Outreach Awards for Saving Energy Federal Energy and Water Management Better Buildings Federal Award

497

Department of Energy gasoline-allocation program. Report of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate made by the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. [Senate report  

SciTech Connect

The gasoline-allocation program was a failure in 1979 and may have actually contributed to gasoline lines. It failed to address adequately the competitive concerns of the oil industry, particularly with respect to retail-gasoline dealers. DOE failed to coordinate its efforts with State and local authorities, and failed to prevent fraud and abuse within the program. The federal government failed to reassure the public during a period of uncertainty. Two major causes for the failure were a lack of departmental planning and preparedness before 1979 and inherent flaws in the structure of the program. The key flaws were the use of an historical base period and, perhaps, an overly broad congressional mandate which required the program to address conflicting priorities. DOE is only slightly more prepared for an oil-supply disruption now than before 1979. The report recommends developing sound contingency plans for a supply disruption, increasing the levels of priority and attention given such plans, and revamping the structure and procedures of the exceptions process. 232 references.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Gasoline prices rise due to increased crude oil costs - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

However, as a result of vehicle fuel economy improvements, costs-per-mile-driven are not at record highs. Further, gasoline prices vary significantly by region, ...

499

How many gallons of gasoline does one barrel of oil make? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

500

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

17 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type