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Sample records for fe ru os

  1. Thermodynamics and superconductivity of Th7(Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Rh, Ir)3 system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, James L; Lashley, Jason C; Volz, Heather M; Fisher, Robert A

    2008-01-01

    Expanding the temperature range of previous specific-heat measurements on the Th7(Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Rh, Ir)3 system, we measure the effect of transition-metal substitution on total entropy (S{sub 298 k}), electronic specific heat ({gamma}), and Debye temperature ({Theta}D). In addition we measure the pressure dependence, up to 10 kbar, of the superconducting transition.

  2. Composition and work function relationship in Os-Ru-W ternary alloys

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Composition and work function relationship in Os-Ru-W ternary alloys Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Composition and work function relationship in Os-Ru-W ternary alloys Os-Ru thin films with varying concentrations of W were sputter deposited in order to investigate their structure-property relationships. The films were analyzed with x-ray diffraction to investigate their crystal structures, and a Kelvin probe to investigate their work

  3. Tuning the magnetic and structural phase transitions of PrFeAsO via Fe/Ru spin dilution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yiu, Yuen; Bonfa, Pietro; Sanna, Samuele; De Renzi, Roberto; Caretta, Pietro; McGuire, Michael A; Huq, Ashfia; Nagler, Stephen E

    2014-01-01

    Neutron diffraction and muon spin relaxation measurements are used to obtain a detailed phase diagram of PrFe1{xRuxAsO. The isoelectronic substitution of Ru for Fe acts eectively as spin dilution, suppressing both the structural and magnetic phase transitions. The temperature, TS, of the tetragonal-orthorhombic structural phase transition decreases gradually as a function of x. Slightly below TS coherent precessions of the muon spin are observed corresponding to static magnetism, possibly re ecting a signicant magneto-elastic coupling in the FeAs layers. Short range order in both the Fe and Pr moments persists for higher levels of x. The static magnetic moments disappear at a concentration coincident with that expected for percolation of the J1 - J2 square lattice model.

  4. Chemical pressure tuning of URu2Si2 via isoelectronic substitution of Ru with Fe

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Das, Pinaki; Kanchanavatee, N.; Helton, J. S.; Huang, K.; Baumbach, R. E.; Bauer, E. D.; White, B. D.; Burnett, V. W.; Maple, M. B.; Lynn, J. W.; et al

    2015-02-26

    We have used specific heat and neutron diffraction measurements on single crystals of URu2–xFexSi₂ for Fe concentrations x ≤ 0.7 to establish that chemical substitution of Ru with Fe acts as “chemical pressure” Pch as previously proposed by Kanchanavatee et al. [Phys. Rev. B 84, 245122 (2011)] based on bulk measurements on polycrystalline samples. Neutron diffraction reveals a sharp increase of the uranium magnetic moment at x = 0.1, reminiscent of the behavior at the “hidden order” to large moment antiferromagnetic (LMAFM) phase transition observed at a pressure Px ≈ 0.5-0.7 GPa in URu₂Si₂. Using the unit cell volume determinedmore » from our measurements and an isothermal compressibility κT = 5.2×10⁻³ GPa⁻¹ for URu₂Si₂, we determine the chemical pressure Pch in URu2−xFexSi₂ as a function of x. The resulting temperature T-chemical pressure Pch phase diagram for URu2−xFexSi₂ is in agreement with the established temperature T-external pressure P phase diagram of URu₂Si₂.« less

  5. Chemical pressure tuning of URu?Si? via isoelectronic substitution of Ru with Fe

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Das, Pinaki; Kanchanavatee, N.; Helton, J. S.; Huang, K.; Baumbach, R. E.; Bauer, E. D.; White, B. D.; Burnett, V. W.; Maple, M. B.; Lynn, J. W.; et al

    2015-02-01

    We have used specific heat and neutron diffraction measurements on single crystals of URu2xFexSi? for Fe concentrations x ? 0.7 to establish that chemical substitution of Ru with Fe acts as chemical pressure Pch as previously proposed by Kanchanavatee et al. [Phys. Rev. B 84, 245122 (2011)] based on bulk measurements on polycrystalline samples. Notably, neutron diffraction reveals a sharp increase of the uranium magnetic moment at x = 0.1, reminiscent of the behavior at the hidden order to large moment antiferromagnetic (LMAFM) phase transition observed at a pressure Px ? 0.5-0.7 GPa in URu?Si?. Using the unit cell volumemoredetermined from our measurements and an isothermal compressibility ?T = 5.210? GPa? for URu?Si?, we determine the chemical pressure Pch in URu2?xFexSi? as a function of x. The resulting temperature T-chemical pressure Pch phase diagram for URu2?xFexSi? is in agreement with the established temperature T-external pressure P phase diagram of URu?Si?.less

  6. Exotic magnetism on the quasi-FCC lattices of the d3 double perovskites La2NaB'O6 (B' = Ru, Os)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aczel, Adam A; Baker, Peter J.; Bugaris, Dan; Yeon, Jeongho; Zur Loye, Hans-Conrad; Guidi, T.; Adroja, D. T.

    2014-01-01

    We find evidence for long-range and short-range ($\\zeta$~$=$~70~\\AA~at 4~K) incommensurate magnetic order on the quasi-face-centered-cubic (FCC) lattices of the monoclinic double perovskites La$_2$NaRuO$_6$ and La$_2$NaOsO$_6$ respectively. Incommensurate magnetic order on the FCC lattice has not been predicted by mean field theory, but may arise via a delicate balance of inequivalent nearest neighbour and next nearest neighbour exchange interactions. In the Ru system with long-range order, inelastic neutron scattering also reveals a spin gap $\\Delta$~$\\sim$~2.75~meV. Magnetic anisotropy is generally minimized in the more familiar octahedrally-coordinated $3d^3$ systems, so the large gap observed for La$_2$NaRuO$_6$ may result from the significantly enhanced value of spin-orbit coupling in this $4d^3$ material.

  7. Tailoring the composition of ultrathin, ternary alloy PtRuFe nanowires for the methanol oxidation reaction and formic acid oxidation reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scofield, Megan E.; Koenigsmann, Christopher; Wang, Lei; Lui, Haiqing; Wong, Stanislaus S.

    2014-11-25

    In the search for alternatives to conventional Pt electrocatalysts, we have synthesized ultrathin, ternary PtRuFe nanowires (NW), possessing different chemical compositions in order to probe their CO tolerance as well as electrochemical activity as a function of composition for both (i) the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) and (ii) the formic acid oxidation reaction (FAOR). As-prepared multifunctional ternary NW catalysts exhibited both higher MOR and FAOR activity as compared with binary Pt?Ru? NW, monometallic Pt NW, and commercial catalyst control samples. In terms of synthetic novelty, we utilized a sustainably mild, ambient wet-synthesis method never previously applied to the fabrication of crystalline, pure ternary systems in order to fabricate ultrathin, homogeneous alloy PtRuFe NWs with a range of controlled compositions. These NWs were subsequently characterized using a suite of techniques including XRD, TEM, SAED, and EDAX in order to verify not only the incorporation of Ru and Fe into the Pt lattice but also their chemical homogeneity, morphology, as well as physical structure and integrity. Lastly, these NWs were electrochemically tested in order to deduce the appropriateness of conventional explanations such as (i) the bi-functional mechanism as well as (ii) the ligand effect to account for our MOR and FAOR reaction data. Specifically, methanol oxidation appears to be predominantly influenced by the Ru content, whereas formic acid oxidation is primarily impacted by the corresponding Fe content within the ternary metal alloy catalyst itself.

  8. Tailoring the composition of ultrathin, ternary alloy PtRuFe nanowires for the methanol oxidation reaction and formic acid oxidation reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scofield, Megan E.; Koenigsmann, Christopher; Wang, Lei; Liu, Haiqing; Wong, Stanislaus S.

    2014-11-25

    In the search for alternatives to conventional Pt electrocatalysts, we have synthesized ultrathin, ternary PtRuFe nanowires (NW), possessing different chemical compositions in order to probe their CO tolerance as well as electrochemical activity as a function of composition for both (i) the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) and (ii) the formic acid oxidation reaction (FAOR). As-prepared multifunctional ternary NW catalysts exhibited both higher MOR and FAOR activity as compared with binary Pt?Ru? NW, monometallic Pt NW, and commercial catalyst control samples. In terms of synthetic novelty, we utilized a sustainably mild, ambient wet-synthesis method never previously applied to the fabrication of crystalline, pure ternary systems in order to fabricate ultrathin, homogeneous alloy PtRuFe NWs with a range of controlled compositions. Thus, these NWs were subsequently characterized using a suite of techniques including XRD, TEM, SAED, and EDAX in order to verify not only the incorporation of Ru and Fe into the Pt lattice but also their chemical homogeneity, morphology, as well as physical structure and integrity. Lastly, these NWs were electrochemically tested in order to deduce the appropriateness of conventional explanations such as (i) the bi-functional mechanism as well as (ii) the ligand effect to account for our MOR and FAOR reaction data. Specifically, methanol oxidation appears to be predominantly influenced by the Ru content, whereas formic acid oxidation is primarily impacted by the corresponding Fe content within the ternary metal alloy catalyst itself.

  9. Inverse magnetocaloric effect in Ce(Fe{sub 0.96}Ru{sub 0.04}){sub 2}: Effect of fast neutron irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dube, V.; Mishra, P. K.; Prajapat, C. L.; Singh, M. R.; Ravikumar, G.; Rajarajan, A. K.; Sastry, P. U.; Thakare, S. V.

    2013-02-05

    We have shown the effect of fast neutron irradiation on the magnetic phase transition and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) in a doped Ce(Fe{sub 0.96}Ru{sub 0.04}){sub 2}, intermettalic. We show that this leads to suppression of MCE and a to a disordered ferromagnetic phase.

  10. Tailoring the composition of ultrathin, ternary alloy PtRuFe nanowires for the methanol oxidation reaction and formic acid oxidation reaction

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Scofield, Megan E.; Koenigsmann, Christopher; Wang, Lei; Liu, Haiqing; Wong, Stanislaus S.

    2014-11-25

    In the search for alternatives to conventional Pt electrocatalysts, we have synthesized ultrathin, ternary PtRuFe nanowires (NW), possessing different chemical compositions in order to probe their CO tolerance as well as electrochemical activity as a function of composition for both (i) the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) and (ii) the formic acid oxidation reaction (FAOR). As-prepared ‘multifunctional’ ternary NW catalysts exhibited both higher MOR and FAOR activity as compared with binary Pt₇Ru₃ NW, monometallic Pt NW, and commercial catalyst control samples. In terms of synthetic novelty, we utilized a sustainably mild, ambient wet-synthesis method never previously applied to the fabrication ofmore » crystalline, pure ternary systems in order to fabricate ultrathin, homogeneous alloy PtRuFe NWs with a range of controlled compositions. Thus, these NWs were subsequently characterized using a suite of techniques including XRD, TEM, SAED, and EDAX in order to verify not only the incorporation of Ru and Fe into the Pt lattice but also their chemical homogeneity, morphology, as well as physical structure and integrity. Lastly, these NWs were electrochemically tested in order to deduce the appropriateness of conventional explanations such as (i) the bi-functional mechanism as well as (ii) the ligand effect to account for our MOR and FAOR reaction data. Specifically, methanol oxidation appears to be predominantly influenced by the Ru content, whereas formic acid oxidation is primarily impacted by the corresponding Fe content within the ternary metal alloy catalyst itself.« less

  11. Magnetic properties of RT2Zn20; R = rare earth, T = Fe, Co, Ru, Os and Ir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, Shuang

    2008-12-15

    It is well known that rare earth intermetallic compounds have versatile, magnetic properties associated with the 4f electrons: a local moment associated with the Hund's rule ground state is formed in general, but a strongly correlated, hybridized state may also appear for specific 4f electronic configuration (eg. for rare earth elements such as Ce or Yb). On the other hand, the conduction electrons in rare earth intermetallic compounds, certainly ones associated with non hybridizing rare earths, usually manifest non-magnetic behavior and can be treated as a normal, non-interacted Fermi liquid, except for some 3d-transition metal rich binary or ternary systems which often manifest strong, itinerant, d electron dominant magnetic behavior. Of particular interest are examples in which the band filling of the conduction electrons puts the system in the vicinity of a Stoner transition: such systems, characterized as nearly or weakly ferromagnet, manifest strongly correlated electronic properties [Moriya, 1985]. For rare earth intermetallic compounds, such systems provide an additional versatility and allow for the study of the behaviors of local moments and hybridized moments which are associated with 4f electron in a correlated conduction electron background.

  12. First-principles studies of structural stabilities and enthalpies of formation of refractory intermetallics: TM and TM3 (T = Ti, Zr, Hf; M = Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xing, Weiwei; Chen, X.; Li, Dianzhong; Li, Y. Y.; Fu, Chong Long; Meschel, S.

    2012-01-01

    Using first-principles local density functional approach, we have calculated the ground-state structural phase stabilities and enthalpies of formation of thirty-six binary transition-metal refractory TM and TM3 compounds formed by Group IV elements T (T = Ti, Zr, Hf) and platinum group elements M (M = Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt) . We compared our results with the available experimental data and found good agreement between theory and experiment in both the trends of structural stabilities and the magnitudes of formation enthalpies. Moreover, based on our calculated results, an empirical relationship between cohesive energies ( E) and melting temperatures (Tm) was derived as Tm = 0.0292 E/kB (where kB is the Boltzmann constant) for both TM and TM3 compounds.

  13. Oxygen trapped by rare earth tetrahedral clusters in Nd4FeOS6: Crystal structure, electronic structure, and magnetic properties

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lin, Qisheng; Taufour, Valentin; Zhang, Yuemei; Wood, Max; Drtina, Thomas; Bud’ko, Sergey L.; Canfield, Paul C.; Miller, Gordon J.

    2015-05-22

    Single crystals of Nd4FeOS6 were grown from an Fe-S eutectic solution. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed a Nd4MnOSe6-type structure (P63mc, a = 9.2693(1) Å, c = 6.6650(1) Å, V = 495.94(1) Å3, Z = 2), featuring parallel chains of face-sharing [FeS6x1/2]4- trigonal antiprisms and interlinked [Nd4OS3]4+ cubane-like clusters. Oxygen atoms were found to be trapped by Nd4 clusters in the [Nd4OS3]4+ chains. Structural differences among Nd4MnOSe6-type Nd4FeOS6 and the related La3CuSiS7- and Pr8CoGa3-type structures have been described. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on Nd4FeOS6 suggested the dominance of antiferromagnetic interactions at low temperature, but no magnetic ordering down to 2 Kmore » was observed. Spin-polarized electronic structure calculations revealed magnetic frustration with dominant antiferromagnetic interactions.« less

  14. Oxygen trapped by rare earth tetrahedral clusters in Nd4FeOS6: Crystal structure, electronic structure, and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Qisheng; Taufour, Valentin; Zhang, Yuemei; Wood, Max; Drtina, Thomas; Budko, Sergey L.; Canfield, Paul C.; Miller, Gordon J.

    2015-05-22

    Single crystals of Nd4FeOS6 were grown from an Fe-S eutectic solution. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed a Nd4MnOSe6-type structure (P63mc, a = 9.2693(1) , c = 6.6650(1) , V = 495.94(1) 3, Z = 2), featuring parallel chains of face-sharing [FeS6x1/2]4- trigonal antiprisms and interlinked [Nd4OS3]4+ cubane-like clusters. Oxygen atoms were found to be trapped by Nd4 clusters in the [Nd4OS3]4+ chains. Structural differences among Nd4MnOSe6-type Nd4FeOS6 and the related La3CuSiS7- and Pr8CoGa3-type structures have been described. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on Nd4FeOS6 suggested the dominance of antiferromagnetic interactions at low temperature, but no magnetic ordering down to 2 K was observed. Spin-polarized electronic structure calculations revealed magnetic frustration with dominant antiferromagnetic interactions.

  15. Fragility of ferromagnetic double exchange interactions and pressure tuning of magnetism in 3d–5d double perovskite Sr₂FeOsO₆

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Veiga, L. S. I.; Fabbris, G.; van Veenendaal, M.; Souza-Neto, N. M.; Feng, H. L.; Yamaura, K.; Haskel, D.

    2015-06-19

    The ability to tune exchange (magnetic) interactions between 3d transition metals in perovskite structures has proven to be a powerful route to discovery of novel properties. Here we demonstrate that the introduction of 3d-5d exchange pathways in double perovskites enables additional tunability, a result of the large spatial extent of 5d wave functions. Using x-ray probes of magnetism and structure at high pressure, we show that compression of Sr₂FeOsO₆ drives an unexpected continuous change in the sign of Fe-Os exchange interactions and a transition from antiferromagnetic to ferrimagnetic order. We analyze the relevant electron-electron interactions, shedding light into fundamental differencesmore »with the more thoroughly studied 3d-3d systems.« less

  16. Adsorption and diffusion of Ru adatoms on Ru(0001)-supported...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Accepted Manuscript: Adsorption and diffusion of Ru adatoms on Ru(0001)-supported graphene: Large-scale first-principles calculations This content will become publicly available on...

  17. Percolation theory and quantum critical systems: A new description of the critical behavior in Ce(Ru{sub 0.24}Fe{sub 0.76}){sub 2}Ge{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaddy, John; Heitmann, Tom; Montfrooij, Wouter

    2014-05-07

    The onset of ordering in quantum critical systems is characterized by a competition between the Kondo shielding of magnetic moments and the ordering of these moments. We show how a distribution of Kondo shielding temperaturesresulting from chemical dopingleads to critical behavior whose main characteristics are given by percolation physics. With the aid of Monte Carlo computer simulations, we are able to infer the low temperature part of the distribution of shielding temperatures in heavily doped quantum critical Ce(Ru{sub 0.24}Fe{sub 0.76}){sub 2}Ge{sub 2}. Based on this distribution, we show that the ordering dynamicssuch as the growth of the correlation length upon coolingcan be understood by the spawning of magnetic clusters. Our findings explain why the search for universal exponents in quantum critical systems has been unsuccessful: the underlying percolation network associated with the chemical doping of quantum critical systems has to be incorporated in the modeling of these quantum critical systems.

  18. Doc.~:Ru.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    .' , .' c,j .c; Distriblition:~ ;. <; ~..,:L.D.i&%.ay,FiN-OR00 Doc.~:Ru. ,.,. 75. ' Br..Reading 'ire' ,lliv. Read&q File ,: '. ~ ,, .-' . ...: - SURNAME..

  19. The series of carbon-chain complexes {Ru(dppe)Cp*}?{?-(C?C)x} (x = 48, 11): Synthesis, structures, properties and some reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce, Michael I.; Cole, Marcus L.; Ellis, Benjamin G.; Gaudio, Maryka; Nicholson, Brian K.; Parker, Christian R.; Skelton, Brian W.; White, Allan H.

    2015-01-28

    The construction of a series of compounds {Ru(dppe)Cp*}2(?-C2x) (Ru*-C2x-Ru*, x = 48, 11)) is described. A direct reaction between RuCl(dppe)Cp* and Me3Si(Ctriple bond; length of mdashC)4SiMe3 afforded Ru*-C8-Ru* in 89% yield. The Pd(0)/Cu(I)-catalysed coupling of Ru{Ctriple bond; length of mdashCCtriple bond; length of mdashCAu(PPh3)}(dppe)Cp*Ru*-C4-Au (2 equiv.) with diiodoethyne gave Ru*-C10-Ru* (64%), or of 1 equiv. with I(Ctriple bond; length of mdashC)3I gave Ru*-C14-Ru* (36%); similarly, Ru{(Ctriple bond; length of mdashC)4Au(PPh3)}(dppe)Cp*Ru*-C8-Au and I(Ctriple bond; length of mdashC)3I gave Ru*-C22-Ru* (12%). Desilylation (TBAF) of Ru{(Ctriple bond; length of mdashC)xSiMe3}(dppe)Cp*Ru*-C2x-Si (x = 3, 4) followed by oxidative coupling [Cu(OAc)2/py] gave Ru*-C12-Ru* (82%) and Ru*-C16-Ru* (58%), respectively. Similar oxidative coupling of Ru(Ctriple bond; length of mdashCCtriple bond; length of mdashCH)(dppe)Cp* was a second route to Ru*-C8-Ru* (82%). Appropriate precursors are already known, or obtained by coupling of Ru*-C2x-Si (x = 2, 4) with AuCl(PPh3)/NaOMe [Ru*-C4-Au, 95%; Ru*-C8-Au, 74%] or from Pd(0)/Cu(I) catalysed coupling of Ru*-C2x-Au (x = 2, 3) with I(Ctriple bond; length of mdashC)2SiMe3 (Ru*-C8-Si, 64%; Ru*-C10-Si, 2%). Reactions between Ru*-C2x-Ru* (x = 3, 4) and Fe2(CO)9 gave {Fe3(CO)9}{?3-CCtriple bond; length of mdashC[Ru(dppe)Cp*]}2Fe(C3-Ru*)2 and {Fe3(CO)9}{?3-CCtriple bond; length of mdashC[Ru(dppe)Cp*]}{?3-C(Ctriple bond; length of mdashC)2[Ru(dppe)Cp*]} Fe(C3-Ru*)(C5-Ru*), respectively. The redox properties of the series of complexes with 2x = 216 were measured and showed a diminution of the separation of the first two oxidation potentials, ?E = E2 - E1, with increasing carbon chain length. The X-ray-determined molecular structures of Ru*-C8-Si, Ru*-C8-Ru*, Ru*-C14-Ru* (two C6H6 solvates), {Ru(PPh3)2Cp}2{?-(Ctriple bond; length of mdashC)4}4CHCl3Ru-C8-Ru4CHCl3 and of Fe(C3-Ru*)2 and Fe(C3-Ru*)(C5-Ru*) are reported.

  20. Ru!fsa!!

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    prejmt . Ru!fsa!! sgI5~1k !~a$i~ns . : r l u s e l i c c u at c ~ r t ; J~III~IU:,ILIIII UII ENGINEERING \'IITH NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVES . . (4th Plovjshare Symposium) . .. ... DISTRIBUTION OF .r!r!s I:O(:~!A~EST IS UXLIAIIT PD Las Vegas, Nevada, January 1C70 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. . . m e n t a l l y and a n a l y v i c a l l y d e r i v e d pre-even?. e s t i m a t e s .

  1. Effect of Ru thickness on spin pumping in Ru/Py bilayer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behera, Nilamani; Singh, M. Sanjoy; Chaudhary, Sujeet; Pandya, Dinesh K. Muduli, P. K.

    2015-05-07

    We report the effect of Ru thickness (t{sub Ru}) on ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) line-width of Ru(t{sub Ru})/Py(23?nm) bilayer samples grown on Si(100)/SiO{sub 2} substrates at room temperature by magnetron sputtering. The FMR line-width is found to vary linearly with frequency for all thicknesses of Ru, indicating intrinsic origin of damping. For Ru thicknesses below 15?nm, Gilbert-damping parameter, ? is almost constant. We ascribe this behavior to spin back flow that is operative for Ru thicknesses lower than the spin diffusion length in Ru, ?{sub sd}. For thicknesses >15?nm (>?{sub sd}), the damping constant increases with Ru thickness, indicating spin pumping from Py into Ru.

  2. Simulating Ru L3-Edge X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy with Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory: Model Complexes and Electron Localization in Mixed-Valence Metal Dimers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuiken, Benjamin E. Van; Valiev, Marat; Daifuku, Stephanie L.; Bannan, Caitlin; Strader, Matthew L.; Cho, Hana; Huse, Nils; Schoenlein, Robert W.; Govind, Niranjan; Khalil, Munira

    2013-04-26

    Ruthenium L3-edge X-ray absorption (XA) spectroscopy probes unoccupied 4d orbitals of the metal atom and is increasingly being used to investigate the local electronic structure in ground and excited electronic states of Ru complexes. The simultaneous development of computational tools for simulating Ru L3-edge spectra is crucial for interpreting the spectral features at a molecular level. This study demonstrates that time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) is a viable and predictive tool for simulating ruthenium L3-edge XA spectroscopy. We systematically investigate the effects of exchange correlation functional and implicit and explicit solvent interactions on a series of RuII and RuIII complexes in their ground and electronic excited states. The TDDFT simulations reproduce all of the experimentally observed features in Ru L3-edge XA spectra within the experimental resolution (0.4 eV). Our simulations identify ligand-specific charge transfer features in complicated Ru L3-edge spectra of [Ru(CN)6]4- and RuII polypyridyl complexes illustrating the advantage of using TDDFT in complex systems. We conclude that the B3LYP functional most accurately predicts the transition energies of charge transfer features in these systems. We use our TDDFT approach to simulate experimental Ru L3-edge XA spectra of transition metal mixed-valence dimers of the form [(NC)5MII-CN-RuIII(NH3)5] (where M = Fe or Ru) dissolved in water. Our study determines the spectral signatures of electron delocalization in Ru L3-edge XA spectra. We find that the inclusion of explicit solvent molecules is necessary for reproducing the spectral features and the experimentally determined valencies in these mixed-valence complexes. This study validates the use of TDDFT for simulating Ru 2p excitations using popular quantum chemistry codes and providing a powerful interpretive tool for equilibrium and ultrafast Ru L3-edge XA spectroscopy.

  3. Glycerol Hydrogenolysis on Carbon-Supported PtRu and AuRu Bimetallic Catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maris,E.; Ketchie, W.; Murayama, M.; Davis, R.

    2007-01-01

    Bimetallic PtRu and AuRu catalysts were prepared by a surface redox method in which Pt or Au was deposited onto the surface of carbon-supported Ru nanoparticles with an average diameter of 2-3 nm. Characterization by H2 chemisorption, analytical TEM, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Ru K-edge, Pt LIII-edge, and Au LIII-edge confirmed that Pt and Au were successfully deposited onto Ru without disrupting the Ru particles. Depression of the ethane hydrogenolysis rate over Ru after addition of Au provided further evidence of successful deposition. The bimetallic particles were subsequently evaluated in the aqueous-phase hydrogenolysis of glycerol at 473 K and 40 bar H2 at neutral and elevated pH. Although monometallic Pt and Ru exhibited different activities and selectivities to products, the bimetallic PtRu catalyst functioned more like Ru. A similar result was obtained for the AuRu bimetallic catalyst. The PtRu catalyst appeared to be stable under the aqueous-phase reaction conditions, whereas the AuRu catalyst was altered by the harsh conditions. Gold appeared to migrate off the Ru and agglomerate on the carbon during the reaction in liquid water.

  4. Structural and Architectural Evaluation of Bimetallic Nanoparticles: A Case Study of Pt−Ru Core−Shell and Alloy Nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alayoglu, S.; Zavalij, P; Eichhorn, B; Wang, Q; Frenkel, A; Chupas, P

    2009-01-01

    A comprehensive structural/architectural evaluation of the PtRu (1:1) alloy and Ru at Pt core-shell nanoparticles (NPs) provides spatially resolved structural information on sub-5 nm NPs. A combination of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), pair distribution function (PDF) analyses, Debye function simulations of X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field emission transmission electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy (FE-TEM/EDS) analyses provides complementary information used to construct a detailed picture of the core/shell and alloy nanostructures. The 4.4 nm PtRu (1:1) alloys are crystalline homogeneous random alloys with little twinning in a typical face-centered cubic (fcc) cell. The Pt atoms are predominantly metallic, whereas the Ru atoms are partially oxidized and are presumably located on the NP surface. The 4.0 nm Ru at Pt NPs have highly distorted hcp Ru cores that are primarily in the metallic state but show little order beyond 8 A. In contrast, the 1-2 monolayer thick Pt shells are relatively crystalline but are slightly distorted (compressed) relative to bulk fcc Pt. The homo- and heterometallic coordination numbers and bond lengths are equal to those predicted by the model cluster structure, showing that the Ru and Pt metals remain phase-separated in the core and shell components and that the interface between the core and shell is quite normal.

  5. Composition and work function relationship in Os-Ru-W ternary...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Department of Chemical and Materials ... Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces and Films; Journal Volume: ... EMISSION; THIN FILMS; WORK ...

  6. AuRu/AC as an effective catalyst for hydrogenation reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villa, Alberto; Chan-Thaw, Carine E.; Campisi, Sebastiano; Bianchi, Claudia L.; Wang, Di; Kotula, Paul G.; Kbel, Christian; Prati, Laura

    2015-03-23

    AuRu bimetallic catalysts have been prepared by sequential deposition of Au on Ru or vice versa obtaining different nanostructures: when Ru has been deposited on Au, a AucoreRushell has been observed, whereas the deposition of Au on Ru leads to a bimetallic phase with Ru enrichment on the surface. In the latter case, the unexpected Ru enrichment could be attributed to the weak adhesion of Ru on the carbon support, thus allowing Ru particles to diffuse on Au particles. Both structures result very active in catalysing the liquid phase hydrogenolysis of glycerol and levulinic acid but the activity, the selectivity and the stability depend on the structure of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Ru@Au/AC coreshell structure mostly behaved as the monometallic Ru, whereas the presence of bimetallic AuRu phase in Au@Ru/AC provides a great beneficial effect on both activity and stability.

  7. AuRu/AC as an effective catalyst for hydrogenation reactions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Villa, Alberto; Chan-Thaw, Carine E.; Campisi, Sebastiano; Bianchi, Claudia L.; Wang, Di; Kotula, Paul G.; Kübel, Christian; Prati, Laura

    2015-03-23

    AuRu bimetallic catalysts have been prepared by sequential deposition of Au on Ru or vice versa obtaining different nanostructures: when Ru has been deposited on Au, a Aucore–Rushell has been observed, whereas the deposition of Au on Ru leads to a bimetallic phase with Ru enrichment on the surface. In the latter case, the unexpected Ru enrichment could be attributed to the weak adhesion of Ru on the carbon support, thus allowing Ru particles to diffuse on Au particles. Both structures result very active in catalysing the liquid phase hydrogenolysis of glycerol and levulinic acid but the activity, the selectivitymore » and the stability depend on the structure of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Ru@Au/AC core–shell structure mostly behaved as the monometallic Ru, whereas the presence of bimetallic AuRu phase in Au@Ru/AC provides a great beneficial effect on both activity and stability.« less

  8. Enhanced thermoelectric power and electronic correlations in RuSe?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Kefeng; Wang, Aifeng; Tomic, A.; Wang, Limin; Abeykoon, A. M. Milinda; Dooryhee, E.; Billinge, S. J.L.; Petrovic, C.

    2015-03-03

    We report the electronic structure, electric and thermal transport properties of Ru??xIrxSe? (x ? 0.2). RuSe? is a semiconductor that crystallizes in a cubic pyrite unit cell. The Seebeck coefficient of RuSe? exceeds -200 V/K around 730 K. Ir substitution results in the suppression of the resistivity and the Seebeck coefficient, suggesting the removal of the peaks in density of states near the Fermi level. Ru?.?Ir?.?Se? shows a semiconductor-metal crossover at about 30 K. The magnetic field restores the semiconducting behavior. Our results indicate the importance of the electronic correlations in enhanced thermoelectricity of RuSb?.

  9. MoRu/Be multilayers for extreme ultraviolet applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bajt, Sasa C. (Livermore, CA); Wall, Mark A. (Stockton, CA)

    2001-01-01

    High reflectance, low intrinsic roughness and low stress multilayer systems for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography comprise amorphous layers MoRu and crystalline Be layers. Reflectance greater than 70% has been demonstrated for MoRu/Be multilayers with 50 bilayer pairs. Optical throughput of MoRu/Be multilayers can be 30-40% higher than that of Mo/Be multilayer coatings. The throughput can be improved using a diffusion barrier to make sharper interfaces. A capping layer on the top surface of the multilayer improves the long-term reflectance and EUV radiation stability of the multilayer by forming a very thin native oxide that is water resistant.

  10. Adsorption and diffusion of Ru adatoms on Ru(0001)-supported graphene: Large-scale first-principles calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Yong; Evans, James W.

    2015-10-27

    Large-scale first-principles density functional theory calculations are performed to investigate the adsorption and diffusion of Ru adatoms on monolayer graphene (G) supported on Ru(0001). The G sheet exhibits a periodic moir-cell superstructure due to lattice mismatch. Within a moir cell, there are three distinct regions: fcc, hcp, and mound, in which the C6-ring center is above a fcc site, a hcp site, and a surface Ru atom of Ru(0001), respectively. The adsorption energy of a Ru adatom is evaluated at specific sites in these distinct regions. We find the strongest binding at an adsorption site above a C atom in the fcc region, next strongest in the hcp region, then the fcc-hcp boundary (ridge) between these regions, and the weakest binding in the mound region. Behavior is similar to that observed from small-unit-cell calculations of Habenicht et al. [Top. Catal. 57, 69 (2014)], which differ from previous large-scale calculations. We determine the minimum-energy path for local diffusion near the center of the fcc region and obtain a local diffusion barrier of ~0.48 eV. We also estimate a significantly lower local diffusion barrier in the ridge region. These barriers and information on the adsorption energy variation facilitate development of a realistic model for the global potential energy surface for Ru adatoms. Furthermore, this in turn enables simulation studies elucidating diffusion-mediated directed-assembly of Ru nanoclusters during deposition of Ru on G/Ru(0001).

  11. Adsorption and diffusion of Ru adatoms on Ru(0001)-supported graphene: Large-scale first-principles calculations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Han, Yong; Evans, James W.

    2015-10-27

    Large-scale first-principles density functional theory calculations are performed to investigate the adsorption and diffusion of Ru adatoms on monolayer graphene (G) supported on Ru(0001). The G sheet exhibits a periodic moiré-cell superstructure due to lattice mismatch. Within a moiré cell, there are three distinct regions: fcc, hcp, and mound, in which the C6-ring center is above a fcc site, a hcp site, and a surface Ru atom of Ru(0001), respectively. The adsorption energy of a Ru adatom is evaluated at specific sites in these distinct regions. We find the strongest binding at an adsorption site above a C atom inmore » the fcc region, next strongest in the hcp region, then the fcc-hcp boundary (ridge) between these regions, and the weakest binding in the mound region. Behavior is similar to that observed from small-unit-cell calculations of Habenicht et al. [Top. Catal. 57, 69 (2014)], which differ from previous large-scale calculations. We determine the minimum-energy path for local diffusion near the center of the fcc region and obtain a local diffusion barrier of ~0.48 eV. We also estimate a significantly lower local diffusion barrier in the ridge region. These barriers and information on the adsorption energy variation facilitate development of a realistic model for the global potential energy surface for Ru adatoms. Furthermore, this in turn enables simulation studies elucidating diffusion-mediated directed-assembly of Ru nanoclusters during deposition of Ru on G/Ru(0001).« less

  12. Project RU LlSON COPY ON-SITE RADIOLOGICAL PROGRAMS DURING REENTRY DISILLING THROUGH PRODUCTION TESTING

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    RU LlSON COPY ON-SITE RADIOLOGICAL PROGRAMS DURING REENTRY DISILLING THROUGH PRODUCTION TESTING FINAL REPOAT EBERLlNE INSTRUMENT CORPORATION Santa Fe, New Mexico Date Published - December 1973 PREPARED FOR THE U. S. ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION N E V A D A OPERATIONS OFFICE UNDER CONTRACT NO. AT(26-11-294 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. Project RULISON ON-S1l'E RADIOLOGICAL PROGRAMS D U

  13. Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    International science conferences in Santa Fe June 22, 2012 Focus on insulating materials and radiation effects in solids LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, June 22, 2012-Los Alamos National...

  14. Enhanced thermoelectric power and electronic correlations in RuSe₂

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Kefeng; Wang, Aifeng; Tomic, A.; Wang, Limin; Abeykoon, A. M. Milinda; Dooryhee, E.; Billinge, S. J.L.; Petrovic, C.

    2015-03-03

    We report the electronic structure, electric and thermal transport properties of Ru₁₋xIrxSe₂ (x ≤ 0.2). RuSe₂ is a semiconductor that crystallizes in a cubic pyrite unit cell. The Seebeck coefficient of RuSe₂ exceeds -200 µV/K around 730 K. Ir substitution results in the suppression of the resistivity and the Seebeck coefficient, suggesting the removal of the peaks in density of states near the Fermi level. Ru₀.₈Ir₀.₂Se₂ shows a semiconductor-metal crossover at about 30 K. The magnetic field restores the semiconducting behavior. Our results indicate the importance of the electronic correlations in enhanced thermoelectricity of RuSb₂.

  15. Complex of transferrin with ruthenium for medical applications. [Ru 97, Ru 103

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Richards, P.; Srivastava, S.C.; Meinken, G.E.

    1980-11-03

    A novel Ruthenium-transferrin complex, prepared by reacting iron-free human transferrin dissolved in a sodium acetate solution at pH 7 with ruthenium by heating at about 40/sup 0/C for about 2 hours, and purifying said complex by means of gel chromatography with pH 7 sodium acetate as eluent. The mono- or di-metal complex produced can be used in nuclear medicine in the diagnosis and/or treatment of tumors and abscesses. Comparitive results with Ga-67-citrate, which is the most widely used tumor-localizing agent in nuclear medicine, indicate increased sensitivity of detection and greater tumor uptake with the Ru-transferrin complex.

  16. Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    International science conferences in Santa Fe June 22, 2012 Focus on insulating materials and radiation effects in solids LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, June 22, 2012-Los Alamos National Laboratory together with New Mexico Consortium, Los Alamos National Bank and Netzsch Group are sponsoring two international conferences in Santa Fe. Organizers anticipate the arrival of more than 300 scientists from around the world. What: * The 2012 International Conference on Defects in Insulating Materials is the

  17. Carbon-Supported bimetallic Pd-Fe catalysts for vapor-phase hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Junming; Karim, Ayman M.; Zhang, He; Kovarik, Libor; Li, Xiaohong S.; Hensley, Alyssa; McEwen, Jean-Sabin; Wang, Yong

    2013-10-01

    Abstract Carbon supported metal catalysts (Cu/C, Fe/C, Pd/C, Pt/C, PdFe/C and Ru/C) have been prepared, characterized and tested for vapor-phase hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of guaiacol (GUA) at atmospheric pressure. Phenol was the major intermediate on all catalysts. Over the noble metal catalysts saturation of the aromatic ring was the major pathway observed at low temperature (250 C), forming predominantly cyclohexanone and cyclohexanol. Substantial ring opening reaction was observed on Pt/C and Ru/C at higher reaction temperatures (e.g., 350 C). Base metal catalysts, especially Fe/C, were found to exhibit high HDO activity without ring-saturation or ring-opening with the main products being benzene, phenol along with small amounts of cresol, toluene and trimethylbenzene (TMB). A substantial enhancement in HDO activity was observed on the PdFe/C catalysts. Compared with Fe/C, the yield to oxygen-free aromatic products (i.e., benzene/toluene/TMB) on PdFe/C increased by a factor of four at 350 C, and by approximately a factor of two (83.2% versus 43.3%) at 450 C. The enhanced activity of PdFe/C is attributed to the formation of PdFe alloy as evidenced by STEM, EDS and TPR.

  18. Synthesis of Pd?Ru@Pt nanoparticles for oxygen reduction reaction in acidic electrolytes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sun, Yu; Hsieh, Yu-Chi; Chang, Li-Chung; Wu, Pu-Wei; Lee, Jyh-Fu

    2014-11-22

    Nanoparticles of PdRu, Pd?Ru, and Pd?Ru are synthesized and impregnated on carbon black via a wet chemical reflux process. X-ray diffraction patterns of the as-synthesized samples, PdxRu/C (x=1/3/9), suggest succesful formation of alloy without presence of individual Pd and Ru nanoparticles. Images from transmission electron microscope confirm irregularly-shaped nanoparticles with average size below 3 nm. Analysis from extended X-ray absorption fine structure on both Pd and Ru K-edge absorption profiles indicate the Ru atoms are enriched on the surface of PdxRu/C. Among these samples, the Pd?Ru/C exhibits the strongest electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in an oxygen-saturated 0.1moreM aqueous HClO? solution. Subsequently, the Pd?Ru/C undegoes Cu under potential deposition, followed by a galvanic displacement reaction to deposit a Pt monolayer on the Pd?Ru surface (Pd?Ru@Pt). The Pd?Ru@Pt reveals better ORR performance than that of Pt, reaching a mass activity of 0.38 mA ?g? Pt, as compared to that of commercially available Pt nanoparticles (0.107 mA ?g? Pt). The mechanisms responsible for the ORR enhancement are attributed to the combined effects of lattice strain and ligand interaction. In addition, this core-shell Pd?Ru@Pt electrocatalyst represents a substantial reduction in the amount of Pt consumption and raw material cost.less

  19. Synthesis of Pd9Ru@Pt nanoparticles for oxygen reduction reaction in acidic electrolytes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sun, Yu; Hsieh, Yu -Chi; Chang, Li -Chung; Wu, Pu -Wei; Lee, Jyh -Fu

    2014-11-22

    Nanoparticles of PdRu, Pd₃Ru, and Pd₉Ru are synthesized and impregnated on carbon black via a wet chemical reflux process. X-ray diffraction patterns of the as-synthesized samples, PdxRu/C (x=1/3/9), suggest succesful formation of alloy without presence of individual Pd and Ru nanoparticles. Images from transmission electron microscope confirm irregularly-shaped nanoparticles with average size below 3 nm. Analysis from extended X-ray absorption fine structure on both Pd and Ru K-edge absorption profiles indicate the Ru atoms are enriched on the surface of PdxRu/C. Among these samples, the Pd₉Ru/C exhibits the strongest electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in an oxygen-saturated 0.1more » M aqueous HClO₄ solution. Subsequently, the Pd₉Ru/C undegoes Cu under potential deposition, followed by a galvanic displacement reaction to deposit a Pt monolayer on the Pd₉Ru surface (Pd₉Ru@Pt). The Pd₉Ru@Pt reveals better ORR performance than that of Pt, reaching a mass activity of 0.38 mA μg⁻¹ Pt, as compared to that of commercially available Pt nanoparticles (0.107 mA μg⁻¹ Pt). Thus, the mechanisms responsible for the ORR enhancement are attributed to the combined effects of lattice strain and ligand interaction. In addition, this core-shell Pd₉Ru@Pt electrocatalyst represents a substantial reduction in the amount of Pt consumption and raw material cost.« less

  20. Photoelectrocatalytic study of water oxidation at n-RuS{sub 2} electrodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salvador, P.; Alonso-Vante, N.; Tributsch, H.

    1998-01-01

    A kinetic study of the photocatalytic oxidation of water at a n-RuS{sub 2} semiconducting single crystal has been undertaken on the basis of photocurrent transients (photocurrent-time behavior as a function of the polarization potential, illumination intensity, and temperature) and electrolyte electroreflectance experiments. The main factor defining the catalytic activity of RuS{sub 2} for water oxidation, both in the dark and under illumination, is a low overpotential ({eta} {approx} 0.3 V), which is comparable to that of the RuO{sub 2} catalyst for oxygen evolution at darkness. Evidence has been given that {eta} is determined by the E{sup o}(Ru{sub s}-OH{sup 0}/Ru{sub s}-H{sub 2}O) redox potential, which strongly depends on the bonding energy of Ru surface species with OH{sup o} radicals generated by direct oxidation of adsorbed water molecules (interfacial Ru-peroxo-type complex formation). This bonding energy increases as the RuS{sub 2} surface becomes oxidized under anodic polarization and reaches its maximum value at the potential of the S{sub 2}RuO{sub 2}/RuS{sub 2} transition (VIII Ru oxidation state). Further oxidation of the Ru-peroxo-type complexes leads to oxygen evolution at a rate which increases with the degree of oxidation of the Ru surface active centers. Although O{sub 2} evolution probably already takes place on Ru(VI) surface sites, high evolution rates (current densities) are only reached under oxidation state VIII. However, in this state (idealized S{sub 2}Ru(VIII)O{sub 2}) Ru-S surface bonds are weakened and occasionally broken, contributing to RuS{sub 2} dissolution with generation of volatile RuO{sub 4} and SO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}} soluble ions as the main corrosion products. This phenomenon may be attributed to the reaction in acidic medium of H{sub 2}O molecules with Ru(VIII) surface species, giving rise to the formation of unstable intermediate complexes.

  1. Dimerization Induced Deprotonation of Water on RuO2(110)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mu, Rentao; Cantu Cantu, David; Lin, Xiao; Glezakou, Vassiliki Alexandra; Wang, Zhitao; Lyubinetsky, Igor; Rousseau, Roger J.; Dohnalek, Zdenek

    2014-10-02

    RuO2 has proven to be indispensable as a co-catalyst in numerous systems designed for photocatalytic water splitting. In this study we have carried out a detailed mechanistic study of water behavior on the most stable RuO2 face, RuO2(110), by employing variable temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory calculations. We show that water monomers adsorb molecularly on Ru sites, become mobile above 238 K, diffuse along the Ru rows and form water dimers. The onset for dimer diffusion is observed at ~277 K indicating significantly higher diffusion barrier than that for monomers. More importantly, we find that water dimers deprotonate readily to form Ru-bound H3O2 and bridging OH species. The observed behavior is compared and contrasted with that observed for water on isostructural rutile TiO2(110).

  2. Sol-gel Ru/SiO[sub 2] - catalysts: Theoretical and experimental determination of the Ru-in-silica structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopez, T.; Gomez, R.; Novaro, O. ); Ramirez-Solis, A.; Sanchez-Mora, E.; Castillo, S.; Poulain, E.; Martinez-Magadan, J.M. )

    1993-05-01

    Preparation of Ru/SiO[sub 2] catalysts with sol-gel techniques allows better selectivity and much greater resistance to coke formation and deactivation than the traditional impregnation method. This has been attributed to the incorporation of Ru into the silica network for the sol-gel catalyst. To further understand the structure of the Ru occluded in the silica network, a variety of spectroscopical studies and quantum mechanical calculations were carried out, confirming previously proposed structures and showing good agreement between the theoretical and experimental results. 26 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. miniFE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    miniFE miniFE Description FE is a Finite Element mini-application which implements a couple of kernels representative of implicit finite-element applications. It assembles a sparse...

  4. High antiferromagnetic transition temperature of a honeycomb compound SrRu2O6

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tian, Wei; Svoboda, Chris; Ochi, M.; Matsuda, M.; Cao, Huibo; Cheng, J. -G.; Sales, B. C.; Mandrus, D.; Arita, R.; Trivedi, Nandini; et al

    2015-09-14

    We study the high-temperature magnetic order in a quasi-two-dimensional honeycomb compound SrRu2O6 by measuring magnetization and neutron powder diffraction with both polarized and unpolarized neutrons. SrRu2O6 crystallizes into the hexagonal lead antimonate (PbSb2O6, space group P31m) structure with layers of edge-sharing RuO6 octahedra separated by Sr2+ ions. SrRu2O6 is found to order at TN = 565 K with Ru moments coupled antiferromagnetically both in plane and out of plane. The magnetic moment is 1.30(2) μB/Ru at room temperature and is along the crystallographic c axis in the G-type magnetic structure. We perform density functional calculations with constrained random-phase approximation (RPA)more » to obtain the electronic structure and effective intra- and interorbital interaction parameters. The projected density of states shows strong hybridization between Ru 4d and O 2p. By downfolding to the target t2g bands we extract the effective magnetic Hamiltonian and perform Monte Carlo simulations to determine the transition temperature as a function of interand intraplane couplings. We find a weak interplane coupling, 3% of the strong intraplane coupling, permits three-dimensional magnetic order at the observed TN .« less

  5. Synthesis of Pd9Ru@Pt nanoparticles for oxygen reduction reaction in acidic electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Yu; Hsieh, Yu -Chi; Chang, Li -Chung; Wu, Pu -Wei; Lee, Jyh -Fu

    2014-11-22

    Nanoparticles of PdRu, Pd?Ru, and Pd?Ru are synthesized and impregnated on carbon black via a wet chemical reflux process. X-ray diffraction patterns of the as-synthesized samples, PdxRu/C (x=1/3/9), suggest succesful formation of alloy without presence of individual Pd and Ru nanoparticles. Images from transmission electron microscope confirm irregularly-shaped nanoparticles with average size below 3 nm. Analysis from extended X-ray absorption fine structure on both Pd and Ru K-edge absorption profiles indicate the Ru atoms are enriched on the surface of PdxRu/C. Among these samples, the Pd?Ru/C exhibits the strongest electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in an oxygen-saturated 0.1 M aqueous HClO? solution. Subsequently, the Pd?Ru/C undegoes Cu under potential deposition, followed by a galvanic displacement reaction to deposit a Pt monolayer on the Pd?Ru surface (Pd?Ru@Pt). The Pd?Ru@Pt reveals better ORR performance than that of Pt, reaching a mass activity of 0.38 mA ?g? Pt, as compared to that of commercially available Pt nanoparticles (0.107 mA ?g? Pt). Thus, the mechanisms responsible for the ORR enhancement are attributed to the combined effects of lattice strain and ligand interaction. In addition, this core-shell Pd?Ru@Pt electrocatalyst represents a substantial reduction in the amount of Pt consumption and raw material cost.

  6. Synthesis and thermoelectric properties of RuO{sub 2} nanorods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Music, Denis; Basse, Felix H.-U.; Schneider, Jochen M.; Hassdorf, Ralf

    2010-07-15

    We have explored the effect of the O/Ru ratio on the morphology and the Seebeck coefficient of RuO{sub 2} nanorods (space group P4{sub 2}/mnm) synthesized by reactive sputtering. At an O/Ru ratio of 1.69, a faceted surface is observed, while nanorod formation occurs at O/Ru ratios of 2.03 and 2.24. Using classical molecular dynamics with the potential parameters derived in this work, we show that volatile species enable nanorod formation. Based on ab initio calculations, two effects of the nanorod formation on the Seebeck coefficient are observed: (i) increase due to additional states in the vicinity of the Fermi level and (ii) decrease due to oxygen point defects (volatile species). These two competing effects give rise to a moderate increase in the Seebeck coefficient upon nanorod formation.

  7. Tuning the metal-insulator crossover and magnetism in SrRuO3...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Tuning the metal-insulator crossover and magnetism in SrRuO3 by ionic gating Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Tuning the metal-insulator crossover and ...

  8. Mechanism of water oxidation by [Ru(bda)(L)₂]: The return of the "blue dimer"

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Concepcion, Javier J.; Zhong, Diane K.; Szalda, David J.; Muckerman, James T.; Fujita, Etsuko

    2015-02-05

    We describe here a combined solution-surface-DFT calculations study for complexes of the type [Ru(bda)(L)₂] including X-ray structure of intermediates, their reactivity, as well as pH-dependent electrochemistry and spectroelectrochemistry. These studies shed light on the mechanism of water oxidation by [Ru(bda)(L)₂], revealing key features unavailable from solution studies with sacrificial oxidants.

  9. Epitaxial growth of highly conductive RuO{sub 2} thin films on (100) Si

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, Q.X.; Song, S.G.; Wu, X.D.; Cho, J.H.; Foltyn, S.R.; Findikoglu, A.T.; Smith, J.L.

    1996-02-01

    Conductive RuO{sub 2} thin films have been heteroepitaxially grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si substrates with yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) buffer layers. The RuO{sub 2} thin films deposited under optimized processing conditions are {ital a}-axis oriented normal to the Si substrate surface with a high degree of in-plane alignment with the major axes of the (100) Si substrate. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy analysis on the RuO{sub 2}/YSZ/Si multilayer shows an atomically sharp interface between the RuO{sub 2} and the YSZ. Electrical measurements show that the crystalline RuO{sub 2} thin films are metallic over a temperature range from 4.2 to 300 K and are highly conductive with a room-temperature resistivity of 37{plus_minus}2 {mu}{Omega}cm. The residual resistance ratio ({ital R}{sub 300K}/{ital R}{sub 4.2K}) above 5 for our RuO{sub 2} thin films is the highest ever reported for such films on Si substrates. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  10. Getting to Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Getting to Santa Fe Getting to Santa Fe Find quick links on hotel and transportation information. Explore the surrounding area while you visit Santa Fe. Institute Administrator Caryll Blount Institute for Materials Science (505) 665-3950 Email La Fonda La Fonda on the Plaza 100 E. San Francisco St. Santa Fe, NM 87501 General phone numbers: 1-505-982-5511 1-800-523-5002 Concierge (Rebekah): concierge@lafondasantafe.com Additional Travel Information Santa Fe Travel site: This site provides you

  11. Influence of Electron Doping on Magnetic Order in CeRu2Al10

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kobayashi, Riki; Kaneko, Koji; Saito, Kotaro; Mignot, Jean-Michel; Andre, Gilles; Robert, Julien; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Matsuda, Masaaki; Chi, Songxue; Haga, Yoshinori; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Nishioka, Takashi; Tanida, Hiroshi; Sera, Masafumi

    2014-01-01

    The effect of electron doping by the substitution of Rh for Ru on unconventional magnetic order in CeRu2Al10 was investigated via neutron powder diffraction. In Ce(Ru1 xRhx)2Al10 with x = 0.05, 0.12, and 0.2, reorientation of the ordered moment from the c-axis as in pure CeRu2Al10 to the a-axis takes place in all samples, while the ordering vector q 0; 1; 0 remains unchanged within this concentration range. The moment reorientation is accompanied by an increase in its size by a factor of 2.4, from = 0.43 B at x = 0 to = 1.06, 1.04, and 1.02 B for x = 0.05, 0.12, and 0.2, respectively. The continuous decrease in the N el temperature T0(TN), despite an abrupt increase in , underlines the strong anisotropy in the exchange interaction in CeRu2Al10 and the fact that this anisotropy is easily suppressed by electron doping. 1.

  12. Fe(A)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    many important materials. Using a combination of surface science techniques a novel adsorption behavior for water is demonstrated to occur at the (001) surface of magnetite (Fe 3...

  13. On the solubility of yttrium in RuO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Music, Denis; Zumdick, Naemi A.; Hallstedt, Bengt; Schneider, Jochen M.

    2011-09-01

    We have investigated the solubility of Y in rutile RuO{sub 2} using experimental and theoretical methods. Nanostructured Ru-Y-O thin films were synthesized via combinatorial reactive sputtering with an O/metal ratio of 2.6 and a Y content of 0.3 to 12.6 at. %. A solubility limit of 1.7 at. % was identified using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. Based on ab initio and thermodynamic modeling, the solubility of Y can be understood. Smaller Y amounts are incorporated into the lattice, forming a metastable film, with local structural deformations due to size effects. As the Y content is increased, extensive local structural deformations are observed, but phase separation does not occur due to kinetic limitations. Nanostructured RuO{sub 2} alloyed with Y might lead to enhanced phonon scattering and quantum confinement effects, which in turn improve the thermoelectric efficiency.

  14. Catalytic Ionic Hydrogenation of Ketones by {[Cp*Ru(CO)2]2(? H)}+

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fagan, Paul J.; Voges, Mark H.; Bullock, R. Morris

    2010-02-22

    {[Cp*Ru(CO)2]2(? H)}+OTf functions as a homogeneous catalyst precursor for hydrogenation of ketones to alcohols, with hydrogenations at 1 mol % catalyst loading at 90 C under H2 (820 psi) proceeding to completion and providing >90% yields. Hydrogenation of methyl levulinate generates ?-valerolactone, presumably by ring-closing of the initially formed alcohol with the methyl ester. Experiments in neat Et2C=O show that the catalyst loading can be <0.1 mole %, and that at least 1200 turnovers of the catalyst can be obtained. These reactions are proposed to proceed by an ionic hydrogenation pathway, with the highly acidic dihydrogen complex [Cp*Ru(CO)2(?2-H2)]+OTf- being formed under the reaction conditions from reaction of H2 with {[Cp*Ru(CO)2]2(? H)}+OTf .

  15. Ferromagnetic Kondo lattice CeRuSi{sub 2} with non-Fermi-liquid behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nikiforov, V. N.; Baran, M.; Irkhin, V. Yu.

    2013-05-15

    The structure, electronic, thermodynamic, and magnetic properties of the CeRuSi{sub 2} Kondo lattice with ferromagnetic ordering characterized by a small moment of the ground state are investigated. Anomalies in the temperature dependences of heat capacity and resistivity (unusual power or logarithmic behavior) observed in the low-temperature range indicate a non-Fermi-liquid behavior. The results are compared with those for other Ce{sub l}Ru{sub n}X{sub m} compounds and anomalous systems based on rare-earth elements and actinides that had been studied earlier.

  16. BIG RU N INDIANA LAKESHORE RUN E LUMBER CIT Y WARSAW JOHNST

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    RU N INDIANA LAKESHORE RUN E LUMBER CIT Y WARSAW JOHNST OWN BU RNSIDE MILLSTONE FROSTBUR G JUN EAU PLU MVILLE CHERRY HILL KAN E BOSWELL MAR ION CENT ER CREEKSIDE SALTSBUR G POINT N BLAIR SVILL E COU NCIL RU N SIGEL LEWISVILLE BEAR C REEK AR MBRUST OHIOPYLE HALLT ON BR OOKVILLE MAR KTON NOL O RAT HMEL COR SICA MAR CHAND SMIC KSBU RG HOWE APOLLO SEVEN SPRIN GS YAT ESBORO MCNEES LUCIND A GEORGE PIN EY LEEPER TIMBLIN WILL ET FERGUSON CLIMAX PANIC DAVY HILL TIDIOUT E GRAMPIAN SLIGO ROC KVI LLE

  17. Tuning the metal-insulator crossover and magnetism in SrRuO3 by ionic

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    gating (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Tuning the metal-insulator crossover and magnetism in SrRuO3 by ionic gating Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Tuning the metal-insulator crossover and magnetism in SrRuO3 by ionic gating Reversible control of charge transport and magnetic properties without degradation is a key for device applications of transition metal oxides. Chemical doping during the growth of transition metal oxides can result in large changes in

  18. V-191: Apple Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1: Apple Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities V-191: Apple Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities July 3, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apple has issued a security update for Mac OS X...

  19. Effects of varying CoCrV seed layer deposition pressure on Ru crystallinity in perpendicular magnetic recording media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joost, W. [Heraeus Materials Technology, Chandler, Arizona 85226 (United States); School of Materials, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); Das, A. [Heraeus Materials Technology, Chandler, Arizona 85226 (United States); Alford, T. L. [School of Materials, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States)

    2009-10-01

    The effects of varying deposition parameters of a CoCrV seed layer under Ru on the structural and interfacial properties of both layers were studied. While sputtering power showed little effect on film structure, sputtering pressure during deposition of the seed layer had a significant effect on the structural properties of the seed layer. In particular, the grain morphology and crystallinity of the seed layer varied considerably with deposition pressure. Deposition of Ru using a constant recipe for all samples demonstrated the effect of varying seed layer deposition pressure on the Ru layer. The strain energy of the Ru film, a measurement of contraction due to the registry with the seed layer, was greatest at moderate seed layer sputtering pressures, while the Ru(0002) peak area was greatest at low sputtering pressures. The competing contributions of interfacial energy and strain energy describe this effect, with interfacial energy dominating at low sputtering pressures.

  20. Heteroepitaxial growth of highly conductive metal oxide RuO{sub 2} thin films by pulsed laser deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, Q.X.; Wu, X.D.; Foltyn, S.R.; Findikoglu, A.T.; Tiwari, P.; Zheng, J.P.; Jow, T.R.

    1995-09-18

    Highly conductive ruthenium oxide (RuO{sub 2}) has been epitaxially grown on LaAlO{sub 3} substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The RuO{sub 2} film is ({ital h}00) oriented normal to the substrate surface. The heteroepitaxial growth of RuO{sub 2} on LaAlO{sub 3} is demonstrated by the strong in-plane orientation of thin films with respect to the major axes of the substrate. High crystallinity of RuO{sub 2} thin films is also determined from Rutherford backscattering channeling measurements. Electrical measurements on the RuO{sub 2} thin films demonstrate a quite low room-temperature resistivity of 35{plus_minus}2 {mu}{Omega} cm at deposition temperatures of above 500 {degree}C. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

  1. NiW and NiRu Bimetallic Catalysts for Ethylene Steam Reforming: Alternative Mechanisms for Sulfur Resistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rangan, M.; Yung, M. M.; Medlin, J. W.

    2012-06-01

    Previous investigations of Ni-based catalysts for the steam reforming of hydrocarbons have indicated that the addition of a second metal can reduce the effects of sulfur poisoning. Two systems that have previously shown promise for such applications, NiW and NiRu, are considered here for the steam reforming of ethylene, a key component of biomass derived tars. Monometallic and bimetallic Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-supported Ni and W catalysts were employed for ethylene steam reforming in the presence and absence of sulfur. The NiW catalysts were less active than Ni in the absence of sulfur, but were more active in the presence of 50 ppm H{sub 2}S. The mechanism for the W-induced improvements in sulfur resistance appears to be different from that for Ru in NiRu. To probe reasons for the sulfur resistance of NiRu, the adsorption of S and C{sub 2}H{sub 4} on several bimetallic NiRu alloy surfaces ranging from 11 to 33 % Ru was studied using density functional theory (DFT). The DFT studies reveal that sulfur adsorption is generally favored on hollow sites containing Ru. Ethylene preferentially adsorbs atop the Ru atom in all the NiRu (111) alloys investigated. By comparing trends across the various bimetallic models considered, sulfur adsorption was observed to be correlated with the density of occupied states near the Fermi level while C{sub 2}H{sub 4} adsorption was correlated with the number of unoccupied states in the d-band. The diverging mechanisms for S and C{sub 2}H{sub 4} adsorption allow for bimetallic surfaces such as NiRu that enhance ethylene binding without accompanying increases in sulfur binding energy. In contrast, bimetallics such as NiSn and NiW appear to decrease the affinity of the surface for both the reagent and the poison.

  2. MgO-Supported Cluster Catalysts with Pt-Ru Interactions Prepared from Pt3Ru6(CO)21(u3-H)(u-H)3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chotisuwan,S.; Wittapyakun, J.; Lobo-Lapidus, R.; Gates, B.

    2007-01-01

    Bimetallic MgO-supported catalysts were prepared by adsorption of Pt{sub 3}Ru{sub 6}(CO){sub 21}({mu}{sub 3}-H)({mu}-H){sub 3} on porous MgO. Characterization of the supported clusters by infrared (IR) spectroscopy showed that the adsorbed species were still in the form of metal carbonyls. The supported clusters were decarbonylated by treatment in flowing helium at 300 C, as shown by IR and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) data, and the resulting supported PtRu clusters were shown by EXAFS spectroscopy to have metal frames that retained Pt-Ru bonds but were slightly restructured relative to those of the precursor; the average cluster size was almost unchanged as a result of the decarbonylation. These are among the smallest reported bimetallic clusters of group-8 metals. The decarbonylated sample catalyzed ethylene hydrogenation with an activity similar to that reported previously for {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-supported clusters prepared in nearly the same way and having nearly the same structure. Both samples were also active for n-butane hydrogenolysis, with the MgO-supported catalyst being more active than the {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-supported catalyst.

  3. Mac OS X Printing with LPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mac OS X Printing with LPD Last Modified by Jerry Camuso, 02/12/2015. 1 . From the "System Preferences", click on "Print & Fax" 2 . Click on "+" sign to add a new printer 3. Use "IP Printer" and select or type the following: Protocol: Line Printer Daemon - LPD Address: printserv.slac.stanford.edu Queue: Your print queue name from SLAC printserv. PLEASE NOTE: this information can be found at the bottom of this document Under "SSRL beamline print

  4. miniFE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    miniFE miniFE Description FE is a Finite Element mini-application which implements a couple of kernels representative of implicit finite-element applications. It assembles a sparse linear-system from the steady-state conduction equation on a brick-shaped problem domain of linear 8-node hex elements. It then solves the linear-system using a simple un-preconditioned conjugate-gradient algorithm. Thus the kernels that it contains are: computation of element-operators (diffusion matrix, source

  5. Behavior of the Ru-bda water oxidation catalyst covalently anchored on glassy carbon electrodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matheu, Roc; Francs, Laia; Chernev, Petko; Ertem, Mehmed Z.; Batista, Victor; Haumann, Michael; Sala, Xavier; Llobet, Antoni

    2015-05-07

    Electrochemical reduction of the dizaonium complex, [RuII(bda)(NO)(NN2)2]3+, 23+ (NN22+ is 4-(pyridin-4-yl) benzenediazonium and bda2 is [2,2'-bipyridine]-6,6'-dicarboxylate), in acetone produces the covalent grafting of this molecular complex onto glassy carbon (GC) electrodes. Multiple cycling voltammetric experiments on the GC electrode generates hybrid materials labeled as GC-4, with the corresponding Ru-aqua complex anchored on the graphite surface. GC-4 has been characterized at pH = 7.0 by electrochemical techniques and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and has been shown to act as an active catalyst for the oxidation of water to dioxygen. This new hybrid material has a lower catalytic performance than its counterpart in homogeneous phase and progressively decomposes to form RuO2 at the electrode surface. The resulting metal oxide attached at the GC electrode surface, GC-RuO2, is a very fast and rugged heterogeneous water oxidation catalyst with TOFis of 300 s1 and TONs >45000. The observed performance is comparable to the best electrocatalysts reported so far, at neutral pH.

  6. Influence of nanostructure on charge transport in RuO{sub 2} thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steeves, M. M.; Lad, R. J.

    2010-07-15

    Polycrystalline thin films of RuO{sub 2} were grown on fused-quartz substrates and a parametric study was carried out to probe the influence of film nanostructure on the four-point Van der Pauw resistivity and Hall coefficient. The films were grown via reactive rf magnetron sputtering of a Ru target in an Ar/O{sub 2} plasma using deposition rates from 0.27 to 3.5 A/s and substrate temperatures from 16 to 500 deg. C Room-temperature resistivities of the RuO{sub 2} films ranged from 58 to 360 {mu}{Omega} cm. Upon first heating following deposition, some films showed decreasing resistivity with increasing temperature, but the resistivities also decreased upon subsequent cooling suggesting that the annealing treatment reduces the film defect density. The temperature coefficient of resistance was found to be small (<0.001 K{sup -1}) in agreement with previous investigations. Hall coefficient measurements of the polycrystalline thin films demonstrated that either n-type or p-type majority carriers can be present depending on deposition conditions and the resulting nanostructure, in contrast to single-crystal RuO{sub 2}, which is an n-type metal. Grain size and homogeneous strain within the films were measured by x-ray diffraction and are correlated to the majority carrier type.

  7. Behavior of the Ru-bda water oxidation catalyst covalently anchored on glassy carbon electrodes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Matheu, Roc; Francàs, Laia; Chernev, Petko; Ertem, Mehmed Z.; Batista, Victor; Haumann, Michael; Sala, Xavier; Llobet, Antoni

    2015-05-07

    Electrochemical reduction of the dizaonium complex, [RuII(bda)(NO)(N–N2)2]3+, 23+ (N–N22+ is 4-(pyridin-4-yl) benzenediazonium and bda2– is [2,2'-bipyridine]-6,6'-dicarboxylate), in acetone produces the covalent grafting of this molecular complex onto glassy carbon (GC) electrodes. Multiple cycling voltammetric experiments on the GC electrode generates hybrid materials labeled as GC-4, with the corresponding Ru-aqua complex anchored on the graphite surface. GC-4 has been characterized at pH = 7.0 by electrochemical techniques and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and has been shown to act as an active catalyst for the oxidation of water to dioxygen. This new hybrid material has a lower catalytic performance than its counterpartmore » in homogeneous phase and progressively decomposes to form RuO2 at the electrode surface. The resulting metal oxide attached at the GC electrode surface, GC-RuO2, is a very fast and rugged heterogeneous water oxidation catalyst with TOFis of 300 s–1 and TONs >45000. The observed performance is comparable to the best electrocatalysts reported so far, at neutral pH.« less

  8. Getting to Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with Road Runner for 65 + tax they will also take two passengers The Capital City Cab (Santa Fe taxi company) - 50 each way. Reservation not required Hertz car rental (LANL...

  9. Crystal and magnetic structure of Ca{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7} (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Article) | SciTech Connect and magnetic structure of Ca{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7} Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Crystal and magnetic structure of Ca{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7} The crystal structure of the double-layered Ca{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7} has been studied by convergent beam electron diffraction and powder neutron diffraction. The temperature dependence of the diffraction pattern reveals that all the lattice constants jump at the first-order metal-nonmetal transition at 48 K

  10. Oblique-incidence sputtering of Ru intermediate layer for decoupling of intergranular exchange in perpendicular recording media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saito, Shin; Inoue, Ken; Takahashi, Migaku

    2011-04-01

    During the Ru deposition process for granular type perpendicular magnetic recording media, both a reduction in the Ru intermediate layer thickness and lowering of sputtering gas pressure were successfully achieved by focusing on a self-shadowing effect. Oblique-incidence sputtering with a 60 deg. incident angle under an Ar gas pressure of 0.6 Pa yielded (1) columnar Ru grains with a growth direction of 30 deg. from the film normal, (2) c-plane sheet texture by epitaxial growth on the Pt underlayer, and (3) a flat envelope of the surface and a deep gap at grain boundaries. This change in the Ru structure significantly contributes to reducing exchange coupling among magnetic grains, especially in the initial growth region in an overlying granular medium.

  11. Sr{sub 4}Ru{sub 6}ClO{sub 18}, a new Ru{sup 4+/5+} oxy-chloride, solved by precession electron diffraction: Electric and magnetic behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roussel, Pascal; Palatinus, Lukas; Belva, Frdric; Daviero-Minaud, Sylvie; Mentre, Olivier; Huve, Marielle

    2014-04-01

    The crystal structure of Sr{sub 4}Ru{sub 6}ClO{sub 18}, a new Ru{sup 4+/5+} oxo-chloride, has been determined from Precession Electron Diffraction (PED) data acquired on a nanocrystal in a transmission electron microscope using the technique of electron diffraction tomography. This approach is described in details following a pedagogic route and a systematic comparison is made of this rather new method with other experimental methods of electron diffraction, and with the standard single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. Both transport and magnetic measurements, showed a transition at low temperature that may be correlated to Ru{sup 4+}/Ru{sup 5+} charge ordering. - Graphical abstract: Structure of Sr{sub 4}Ru{sub 6}ClO{sub 18}, determined using Precession Electron Diffraction data. - Highlights: Structure of Sr{sub 4}Ru{sub 6}ClO{sub 18} was solved ab initio using precession electron diffraction. This was done both on a nanometric sample and on a micrometric one. Different type of experimental methods of electron diffraction are compared. Single crystal X-ray diffraction was used to confirm the results. Transport properties were characterized and show exotic behavior.

  12. Biomimetic model for [FeFe]-hydrogenase: Asymmetrically disubstituted...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biomimetic model for FeFe-hydrogenase: Asymmetrically disubstituted diiron complex with a redox-active 2,2'-bipyridyl ligand Authors: Roy, S., Groy, T., Jones, A.K. Title:...

  13. Pulsed laser deposition and characterization of conductive RuO{sub 2} thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iembo, A.; Fuso, F.; Arimondo, E.; Ciofi, C.; Pennelli, G.; Curro, G.M.; Neri, F.; Allegrini, M. |

    1997-06-01

    RuO{sub 2} thin films have been produced on silicon-based substrates by {ital in situ} pulsed laser deposition for the first time. The electrical properties, the surface characteristics, the crystalline structure, and the film-substrate interface of deposited samples have been investigated by 4-probe resistance versus temperature technique, scanning electron microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy, respectively. The films show good electrical properties. The RuO{sub 2}-substrate interface is very thin ({approx}3 nm), since not degraded by any annealing process. These two characteristics render our films suitable to be used as electrodes in PZT-based capacitors.{copyright} {ital 1997 Materials Research Society.}

  14. Upper limit on spontaneous supercurrents in Sr2RuO4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Suk Bum

    2010-04-05

    It is widely believed that the perovskite Sr{sub 2}RuO{sub 4} is an unconventional superconductor with broken time reversal symmetry. It has been predicted that superconductors with broken time reversal symmetry should have spontaneously generated supercurrents at edges and domain walls. We have done careful imaging of the magnetic fields above Sr{sub 2}RuO{sub 4} single crystals using scanning Hall bar and SQUID microscopies, and see no evidence for such spontaneously generated supercurrents. We use the results from our magnetic imaging to place upper limits on the spontaneously generated supercurrents at edges and domain walls as a function of domain size. For a single domain, this upper limit is below the predicted signal by two orders of magnitude. We speculate on the causes and implications of the lack of large spontaneous supercurrents in this very interesting superconducting system.

  15. Characteristics of conductive SrRuO{sub 3} thin films with different microstructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, Q.X.; Chu, F.; Adams, C.D.; Wu, X.D.; Hawley, M.; Cho, J.H.; Findikoglu, A.T.; Foltyn, S.R.; Smith, J.L.; Mitchell, T.E.

    1996-09-01

    Conductive SrRuO{sub 3} thin films were epitaxially grown on (100) LaAlO{sub 3} substrates by pulsed laser deposition over a temperature range from 650{degree}C to 825{degree}C. Well-textured films exhibiting a strong orientation relationship to the underlying substrate could be obtained at a deposition temperature as low as 450{degree}C. The degree of crystallinity of the films improved with increasing deposition temperature as confirmed by x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy. Scanning electron microscopy revealed no particulates on the film surface. The resistivity of the SrRuO{sub 3} thin films was found to be a strong function of the crystallinity of the film and hence the substrate temperature during film deposition. A residual resistivity ratio (RRR={rho}{sub 300K}/{rho}{sub 4.2K}) of more than 8 was obtained for the SrRuO{sub 3} thin films deposited under optimized processing conditions. {copyright} {ital 1996 Materials Research Society.}

  16. Manipulating Magnetism: Ru-2(5+) Paddlewheels Devoid of Axial Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiarella, Gina M [Texas A& M University; Cotton, F. A. [Texas A& M University; Murillo, Carlos A [Texas A& M University; Ventura, Karen [University of Texas at El Paso; Vilagran, Dino [University of Texas at El Paso; Wang, Xiaoping [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    Variable-temperature magnetic and structural data of two pairs of diruthenium isomers, one pair having an axial ligand and the formula Ru-2(DArF)(4)Cl (where DArF is the anion of a diarylformamidine isomer and Ar = p-anisyl or m-anisyl) and the other one being essentially identical but devoid of axial ligands and having the formula [Ru-2(DArF)(4)]BF4, show that the axial ligand has a significant effect on the electronic structure of the diruthenium unit. Variable temperature crystallographic and magnetic data as well as density functional theory calculations unequivocally demonstrate the occurrence of pi interactions between the p orbitals of the chlorine ligand and the pi* orbitals in the Ru-2(5+) units. The magnetic and structural data are consistent with the existence of combined ligand sigma/metal sigma and ligand p pi/metal-d pi interactions. Electron paramagnetic resonance data show unambiguously that the unpaired electrons are in metal-based molecular orbitals.

  17. Catalytic Ionic Hydrogenation of Ketones by {[Cp*Ru(CO)2]2(-H)}+

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bullock, R.M.; Fagan, P.J.; Voges, M.H.

    2010-02-22

    {l_brace}[Cp*Ru(CO){sub 2}]{sub 2}({mu}-H){r_brace}{sup +}OTf{sup -} functions as a homogeneous catalyst precursor for hydrogenation of ketones to alcohols, with hydrogenations at 1 mol % catalyst loading at 90 C under H{sub 2} (820 psi) proceeding to completion and providing >90% yields. Hydrogenation of methyl levulinate generates {gamma}-valerolactone, presumably by ring-closing of the initially formed alcohol with the methyl ester. Experiments in neat Et{sub 2}C=O show that the catalyst loading can be <0.1 mol % and that at least 1200 turnovers of the catalyst can be obtained. These reactions are proposed to proceed by an ionic hydrogenation pathway, with the highly acidic dihydrogen complex [Cp*Ru(CO){sub 2}({eta}{sup 2}-H{sub 2})]{sup +}OTf{sup -} being formed under the reaction conditions from reaction of H2 with {l_brace}[Cp*Ru(CO){sub 2}]{sub 2}({mu}-H){r_brace}{sup +}OTf{sup -}.

  18. High antiferromagnetic transition temperature of a honeycomb compound SrRu2O6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tian, Wei; Svoboda, Chris; Ochi, M.; Matsuda, M.; Cao, Huibo; Cheng, J. -G.; Sales, B. C.; Mandrus, D.; Arita, R.; Trivedi, Nandini; Yan, Jiaqiang

    2015-09-14

    We study the high-temperature magnetic order in a quasi-two-dimensional honeycomb compound SrRu2O6 by measuring magnetization and neutron powder diffraction with both polarized and unpolarized neutrons. SrRu2O6 crystallizes into the hexagonal lead antimonate (PbSb2O6, space group P31m) structure with layers of edge-sharing RuO6 octahedra separated by Sr2+ ions. SrRu2O6 is found to order at TN = 565 K with Ru moments coupled antiferromagnetically both in plane and out of plane. The magnetic moment is 1.30(2) ?B/Ru at room temperature and is along the crystallographic c axis in the G-type magnetic structure. We perform density functional calculations with constrained random-phase approximation (RPA) to obtain the electronic structure and effective intra- and interorbital interaction parameters. The projected density of states shows strong hybridization between Ru 4d and O 2p. By downfolding to the target t2g bands we extract the effective magnetic Hamiltonian and perform Monte Carlo simulations to determine the transition temperature as a function of interand intraplane couplings. We find a weak interplane coupling, 3% of the strong intraplane coupling, permits three-dimensional magnetic order at the observed TN .

  19. Features of the band structure and conduction mechanisms in the n-HfNiSn semiconductor heavily doped with Ru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romaka, V. A.; Rogl, P.; Romaka, V. V.; Stadnyk, Yu. V.; Korzh, R. O.; Krayovskyy, V. Ya.; Horyn, A. M.

    2014-12-15

    The crystal and electronic structure and energy and kinetic properties of the n-HfNiSn semiconductor heavily doped with a Ru acceptor impurity are investigated in the temperature and Ru concentration ranges T = 80400 K and N{sub A}{sup Ru} ? 9.5 10{sup 19}?5.7 10{sup 20} cm{sup ?3} (x = 00.03), respectively. The mechanism of structural-defect generation is established, which changes the band gap and degree of compensation of the semiconductor and consists in the simultaneous concentration reduction and elimination of donor structural defects by means of the displacement of ?1% of Ni atoms from the Hf (4a) positions, the generation of acceptor structural defects upon the substitution of Ru atoms for Ni atoms in the 4c positions, and the generation of donor defects in the form of vacancies in the Sn (4b) positions. The calculated electronic structure of HfNi{sub 1?x}Ru{sub x}Sn is consistent with the experiment. The results obtained are discussed within the Shklovsky-Efros model for a heavily doped and compensated semiconductor.

  20. Observation of large magnetocaloric effect in HoRu{sub 2}Si{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paramanik, Tapas Das, Kalipada; Das, I.

    2014-02-28

    Detailed magnetic, magnetotransport, and magnetocaloric measurements on HoRu{sub 2}Si{sub 2} have been performed. In this Letter, we report presence of spin reorientation transition below paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic transition temperature (T{sub N} = 19 K). Large magnetic entropy change 9.1 J/kg K and large negative magnetoresistance ∼21% in a magnetic field of 5 T has been observed around T{sub N}, which is associated with field induced spin-flip metamagnetic transition.

  1. Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}: Crystal growth and some properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borshchevsky, A.; Fleurial, J.P.

    1993-10-01

    Large samples of Ru{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} were grown from Ge-rich off-stoichiometric melts at a temperature close to 1,460 C by a vertical gradient freeze method in graphite and glassy carbon crucibles. Diffusionless transition from high temperature tetragonal structure to low temperature orthorhombic structure causes twinning and crack formation. Thermal expansion coefficients of both low and high temperature phases were measured. Some electrical transport properties in the 25--1,000 C temperature range in different crystallographic directions are also described for this high temperature semiconductor. Substantial anisotropy is observed.

  2. Self-calibration of a W/Re thermocouple using a miniature Ru-C (1954 C) eutectic cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ongrai, O. [National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Hampton Road, Teddington, Middlesex (United Kingdom) [National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Hampton Road, Teddington, Middlesex (United Kingdom); University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey (United Kingdom); National Institute of Metrology, Klong 5, Klong Luang, Pathumthani (Thailand); Pearce, J. V.; Machin, G. [National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Hampton Road, Teddington, Middlesex (United Kingdom)] [National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Hampton Road, Teddington, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Sweeney, S. J. [University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey (United Kingdom)] [University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey (United Kingdom)

    2013-09-11

    Previous successful investigations of miniature cobalt-carbon (Co-C, 1324 C) and palladium-carbon (Pd-C, 1492 C) high temperature fixed-point cells for thermocouple self-calibration have been reported [1-2]. In the present work, we describe a series of measurements of a miniature ruthenium-carbon (Ru-C) eutectic cell (melting point 1954 C) to evaluate the repeatability and stability of a W/Re thermocouple (type C) by means of in-situ calibration. A miniature Ru-C eutectic fixed-point cell with outside diameter 14 mm and length 30 mm was fabricated to be used as a self-calibrating device. The performance of the miniature Ru-C cell and the type C thermocouple is presented, including characterization of the stability, repeatability, thermal environment influence, ITS-90 temperature realization and measurement uncertainty.

  3. Coupling reactions of phenylacetylene with water, hydrogen sulfide and primary amines mediated by a Ru(II) phenylvinylidene complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bianchini, C.; Peruzzini, M.; Zanobini, F. [Istituto per lo Studio della Stereochimica ed Energetica dei Composti di Coordinazione, Florence (Italy)] [and others

    1995-12-31

    The Ru(II) fragment [(PNP)RuCl{sub 2}] assists the reaction of phenylacetylene with water, hydrogen sulfide and primary amines to give carbonyl, {eta}{sup 1}-benzylthioaldehyde, and isonitrile complexes, respectively [PNP = CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}N(CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}PPh{sub 2}){sub 2}]. In all of these processes, the reaction is initiated by the 1-alkyne to vinylidene tautomerization at the Ru(II) center, followed by attack of the H{sub 2}Z molecule (Z = O, S, NR) on the vinylidene ligand. The mechanisms which account for these transformations have been completely elucidated and several of the intermediates in these reactions have been isolated and fully characterized. The scope of these reactions in view of their potential applications in organic syntheses involving thioaldehydes and optically pure isonitriles will be briefly presented.

  4. Constructing hierarchical interfaces: TiO2-supported PtFe-FeOx nanowires for room temperature CO oxidation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhu, Huiyuan; Wu, Zili; Dong, Su; Veith, Gabriel M.; Lu, Hanfeng; Zhang, Pengfei; Chai, Song -Hai; Dai, Sheng

    2015-08-05

    This is a report of a facile approach to constructing catalytic active hierarchical interfaces in one-dimensional (1D) nanostructure, exemplified by the synthesis of TiO2-supported PtFe–FeOx nanowires (NWs). The hierarchical interface, constituting atomic level interactions between PtFe and FeOx within each NW and the interactions between NWs and support (TiO2), enables CO oxidation with 100% conversion at room temperature. We identify the role of the two interfaces by probing the CO oxidation reaction with isotopic labeling experiments. Both the oxygen atoms (Os) in FeOx and TiO2 participate in the initial CO oxidation, facilitating the reaction through a redox pathway. Moreover, themore » intact 1D structure leads to the high stability of the catalyst. After 30 h in the reaction stream, the PtFe–FeOx/TiO2 catalyst exhibits no activity decay. These results provide a general approach and new insights into the construction of hierarchical interfaces for advanced catalysis.« less

  5. Santa Fe, NM 87506

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    July 31, 2014 Ms. Kimberly Davis Lebak Manager Los Alamos Field Office 3747 West Jemez Road, MS A316 Los Alamos, NM 87544 Mr. Pete Maggiore Assistant Manager for Environmental Operations 3747 West Jemez Road, MS A316 Los Alamos, NM 87544 Dear Ms. Lebak and Mr. Maggiore, I am pleased to enclose Recommendation 2014-02, unanimously approved by the Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board at its July 30 th meeting in Santa Fe. Please call Lee Bishop, DDFO or Menice Santistevan, Executive

  6. Multifold Seebeck increase in RuO{sub 2} films by quantum-guided lanthanide dilute alloying

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Music, Denis Basse, Felix H.-U.; Schneider, Jochen M.; Han, Liang; Borca-Tasciuc, Theo; Devender; Gengler, Jamie J.; Voevodin, Andrey A.; Ramanath, Ganpati

    2014-02-03

    Ab initio predictions indicating that alloying RuO{sub 2} with La, Eu, or Lu can increase the Seebeck coefficient ? manifold due to quantum confinement effects are validated in sputter-deposited La-alloyed RuO{sub 2} films showing fourfold ? increase. Combinatorial screening reveals that ? enhancement correlates with La-induced lattice distortion, which also decreases the thermal conductivity twentyfold, conducive for high thermoelectric figures of merit. These insights should facilitate the rational design of high efficiency oxide-based thermoelectrics through quantum-guided alloying.

  7. Growth of epitaxial (Sr,Ba){sub n+1}Ru{sub n}O{sub 3n+1} films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlom, D.G.; Knapp, S.B.; Wozniak, S. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering] [and others

    1997-12-01

    We have grown epitaxial (Sr,Ba) (n+1)Ru(n)O(3n+1) films, n = 1, 2, and infinity, by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) and controlled their orientation by choosing appropriate substrates. The growth conditions yielding phase pure films have been mapped out. Resistivity versus temperature measurements show that both a and c axis films of Sr2RuO4 are metallic, but not superconducting. The latter is probably due to the presence of low-level impurities that are difficult to avoid given the target preparation process involved in growing these films by PLD.

  8. Strain relaxation in epitaxial SrRuO{sub 3} thin films on LaAlO{sub 3} substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, M.; Du, H.; Dai, C.; Lin, Y.; Ma, C. R.; Liu, M.; Collins, G.; Zhang, Y. M.; Chen, C. L.

    2013-09-30

    Strain relaxation behavior of epitaxial SrRuO{sub 3} thin films on (001) LaAlO{sub 3} substrates was investigated using high resolution X-ray diffraction. Lattice distortion and dislocation densities were systematically studied with samples under different growth conditions. Reciprocal space maps reveal different strain relaxation behavior in SrRuO{sub 3} thin films grown at different temperatures. Two kinds of strain relaxation mechanisms were proposed to understand the growth dynamics, including the evolution of threading dislocations and the tilt of crystalline planes.

  9. Spin-lozenge thermodynamics and magnetic excitations in Na3RuO4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haraldsen, Jason T; Stone, Matthew B; Lumsden, Mark D; Barnes, Ted {F E }; Jin, Rongying; Taylor, J. W.; Fernandez-Alonso, F

    2009-01-01

    We report inelastic and elastic neutron scattering, magnetic susceptibility, and heat capacity measurements of polycrystalline sodium ruthenate (Na3RuO4). Previous work suggests this material consists of isolated tetramers of S = 3/2 Ru5+ ions in a so-called lozenge configuration. Using a Heisenberg antiferromagnet Hamiltonian, we analytically determine the energy eigenstates for general spin S. From this model, the neutron scattering cross-sections for excitations associated with spin-3/2 tetramer configurations is determined. Comparison of magnetic susceptibility and inelastic neutron scattering results shows that the proposed lozenge model is not distinctly supported, but provides evidence that the system may be better described as a pair of non-interacting inequivalent dimers, i.e double dimers. However, the existence of long-range magnetic order below Tc ≈ 28 K immediately questions such a description. Although no evidence of the lozenge model is observed, future studies on single crystals may further clarify the appropriate magnetic Hamiltonian.

  10. Santa Fe Jets and Heavy Flavor Workshop

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Santa Fe Jets and Heavy Flavor Workshop Santa Fe Jets and Heavy Flavor Workshop WHEN: Jan 11, 2016 8:30 AM - Jan 13, 2016 5:30 PM WHERE: Inn and Spa at Loretto 211 Old Santa Fe...

  11. Constructing hierarchical interfaces: TiO2-supported PtFe-FeOx nanowires for room temperature CO oxidation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Huiyuan; Wu, Zili; Dong, Su; Veith, Gabriel M; Lu, Hanfeng; Zhang, Pengfei; Chai, Songhai; Dai, Sheng

    2015-08-05

    This is a report of a facile approach to constructing catalytic active hierarchical interfaces in one-dimensional (1D) nanostructure, exemplified by the synthesis of TiO2-supported PtFeFeOx nanowires (NWs). The hierarchical interface, constituting atomic level interactions between PtFe and FeOx within each NW and the interactions between NWs and support (TiO2), enables CO oxidation with 100% conversion at room temperature. We identify the role of the two interfaces by probing the CO oxidation reaction with isotopic labeling experiments. Both the oxygen atoms (Os) in FeOx and TiO2 participate in the initial CO oxidation, facilitating the reaction through a redox pathway. Moreover, the intact 1D structure leads to the high stability of the catalyst. After 30 h in the reaction stream, the PtFeFeOx/TiO2 catalyst exhibits no activity decay. These results provide a general approach and new insights into the construction of hierarchical interfaces for advanced catalysis.

  12. EERC MAC OS X Download | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    MAC OS X Download EERC MAC OS X Download EERC computes an average annual escalation rate for a specified time period, which can be used as an escalation rate for contract payments in energy savings performance contracts and utility energy services contracts.Escalation rates can be computed based on the Energy Information Administration (EIA) energy price projections used for calculating the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) discount factors and on EIA projections adjusted by NIST for

  13. FE Clean Energy Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    FE Clean Energy Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: FE Clean Energy Group Place: Darien, Connecticut Zip: 6820 Sector: Efficiency Product: A Private Equity Fund Manager which...

  14. FE Categorical Exclusions | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FE Categorical Exclusions FE Categorical Exclusions RSS June 4, 2014 CX-011993: Categorical Exclusion Determination Cheniere Marketing, LLC CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 06042014...

  15. Intramolecular proton transfer boosts water oxidation catalyzed by a Ru complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matheu, Roc; Ertem, Mehmed Z.; Benet-Buchholz, J.; Coronado, Eugenio; Batista, Victor S.; Sala, Xavier; Llobet, Antoni

    2015-07-30

    We introduce a new family of complexes with the general formula [Run(tda)(py)2]m+ (n = 2, m = 0, 1; n = 3, m = 1, 2+; n = 4, m = 2, 32+), with tda2– being [2,2':6',2"-terpyridine]-6,6"-dicarboxylate, including complex [RuIV(OH)(tda-κ-N3O)(py)2]+, 4H+, which we find to be an impressive water oxidation catalyst, formed by hydroxo coordination to 32+ under basic conditions. The complexes are synthesized, isolated, and thoroughly characterized by analytical, spectroscopic (UV–vis, nuclear magnetic resonance, electron paramagnetic resonance), computational, and electrochemical techniques (cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry, coulometry), including solid-state monocrystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In oxidation state IV, the Ru center is seven-coordinated and diamagnetic, whereas in oxidation state II, the complex has an unbonded dangling carboxylate and is six-coordinated while still diamagnetic. With oxidation state III, the coordination number is halfway between the coordination of oxidation states II and IV. Species generated in situ have also been characterized by spectroscopic, computational, and electrochemical techniques, together with the related species derived from a different degree of protonation and oxidation states. 4H+ can be generated potentiometrically, or voltammetrically, from 32+, and both coexist in solution. While complex 32+ is not catalytically active, the catalytic performance of complex 4H+ is characterized by the foot of the wave analysis, giving an impressive turnover frequency record of 8000 s–1 at pH 7.0 and 50,000 s–1 at pH 10.0. Density functional theory calculations provide a complete description of the water oxidation catalytic cycle of 4H+, manifesting the key functional role of the dangling carboxylate in lowering the activation free energies that lead to O–O bond formation.

  16. Understanding the Electronic Structure of 4d Metal Complexes: From Molecular Spinors to L-Edge Spectra of a di-Ru Catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperovich, Igor; Smolentsev, Grigory; Moonshiram, Dooshaye; Jurss, Jonah W.; Concepcion, Javier J.; Meyer, Thomas J.; Soldatov, Alexander; Pushkar, Yulia

    2015-09-17

    L{sub 2,3}-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) has demonstrated unique capabilities for the analysis of the electronic structure of di-Ru complexes such as the blue dimer cis,cis-[Ru{sub 2}{sup III}O(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}(bpy){sub 4}]{sup 4+} water oxidation catalyst. Spectra of the blue dimer and the monomeric [Ru(NH{sub 3}){sub 6}]{sup 3+} model complex show considerably different splitting of the Ru L{sub 2,3} absorption edge, which reflects changes in the relative energies of the Ru 4d orbitals caused by hybridization with a bridging ligand and spin-orbit coupling effects. To aid the interpretation of spectroscopic data, we developed a new approach, which computes L{sub 2,3}-edges XAS spectra as dipole transitions between molecular spinors of 4d transition metal complexes. This allows for careful inclusion of the spin-orbit coupling effects and the hybridization of the Ru 4d and ligand orbitals. The obtained theoretical Ru L{sub 2,3}-edge spectra are in close agreement with experiment. Critically, existing single-electron methods (FEFF, FDMNES) broadly used to simulate XAS could not reproduce the experimental Ru L-edge spectra for the [Ru(NH{sub 3}){sub 6}]{sup 3+} model complex nor for the blue dimer, while charge transfer multiplet (CTM) calculations were not applicable due to the complexity and low symmetry of the blue dimer water oxidation catalyst. We demonstrated that L-edge spectroscopy is informative for analysis of bridging metal complexes. The developed computational approach enhances L-edge spectroscopy as a tool for analysis of the electronic structures of complexes, materials, catalysts, and reactive intermediates with 4d transition metals.

  17. Thickness-dependent metal-insulator transition in epitaxial SrRuO? ultrathin films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shen, Xuan; Qiu, Xiangbiao; Su, Dong; Zhou, Shengqiang; Li., Aidong; Wu, Di

    2015-01-06

    Transport characteristics of ultrathin SrRuO? films, deposited epitaxially on TiO?-terminated SrTiO? (001) single-crystal substrates, were studied as a function of film thickness. Evolution from a metallic to an insulating behavior is observed as the film thickness decreases from 20 to 4 unit cells. In films thicker than 4 unit cells, the transport behavior obeys the Drude low temperature conductivity with quantum corrections, which can be attributed to weak localization. Fitting the data with 2-dimensional localization model indicates that electron-phonon collisions are the main inelastic relaxation mechanism. In the film of 4 unit cells in thickness, the transport behavior follows variablemorerange hopping model, indicating a strongly localized state. Magnetoresistance measurements reveal a likely magnetic anisotropy with the magnetic easy axis along the out-of-plane direction.less

  18. Thickness-dependent metal-insulator transition in epitaxial SrRuO3 ultrathin films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shen, Xuan; Qiu, Xiangbiao; Su, Dong; Zhou, Shengqiang; Li, Aidong; Wu, Di

    2015-01-06

    Transport characteristics of ultrathin SrRuO₃ films, deposited epitaxially on TiO₂-terminated SrTiO₃ (001) single-crystal substrates, were studied as a function of film thickness. Evolution from a metallic to an insulating behavior is observed as the film thickness decreases from 20 to 4 unit cells. In films thicker than 4 unit cells, the transport behavior obeys the Drude low temperature conductivity with quantum corrections, which can be attributed to weak localization. Fitting the data with 2-dimensional localization model indicates that electron-phonon collisions are the main inelastic relaxation mechanism. In the film of 4 unit cells in thickness, the transport behavior follows variablemore » range hopping model, indicating a strongly localized state. As a result, magnetoresistance measurements reveal a likely magnetic anisotropy with the magnetic easy axis along the out-of-plane direction.« less

  19. Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ostrom, H.; Oberg, H.; Xin, H.; LaRue, J.; Beye, M.; Dell'Angela, M.; Gladh, J.; Ng, M. L.; Sellberg, J. A.; Kaya, S.; Mercurio, G.; Nordlund, D.; Hantschmann, M.; Hieke, F.; Kuhn, D.; Schlotter, W. F.; Dakovski, G. L.; Turner, J. J.; Minitti, M. P.; Mitra, A.; Moeller, S. P.; Fohlisch, A.; Wolf, M.; Wurth, W.; Persson, M.; Norskov, J. K.; Abild-Pedersen, F.; Ogasawara, H.; Pettersson, L. G. M.; Nilsson, A.

    2015-02-12

    Femtosecond x-ray laser pulses are used to probe the CO oxidation reaction on ruthenium (Ru) initiated by an optical laser pulse. On a time scale of a few hundred femtoseconds, the optical laser pulse excites motions of CO and O on the surface, allowing the reactants to collide, and, with a transient close to a picosecond (ps), new electronic states appear in the O K-edge x-ray absorption spectrum. Density functional theory calculations indicate that these result from changes in the adsorption site and bond formation between CO and O with a distribution of OCO bond lengths close to the transition state (TS). After 1 ps, 10% of the CO populate the TS region, which is consistent with predictions based on a quantum oscillator model.

  20. Synthesis and Characterization of RuO2/poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) Composite Nanotubes for Supercapacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Ran; Duay, Jonathon; Lane, Timothy; Lee, Sang Bok

    2010-01-18

    We report the synthesis of composite RuO2/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) nanotubes with high specific capacitance and fast charging/discharging capability as well as their potential application as electrode materials for a high-energy and high-power supercapacitor. RuO2/PEDOT nanotubes were synthesized in a porous alumina membrane by a step-wise electrochemical deposition method, and their structures were characterized using electron microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry was used to qualitatively characterize the capacitive properties of the composite RuO2/PEDOT nanotubes. Their specific capacitance, energy density and power density were evaluated by galvanostatic charge/discharge cycles at various current densities. The pseudocapacitance behavior of these composite nanotubes originates from ion diffusion during the simultaneous and parallel redox processes of RuO2 and PEDOT. We show that the energy density (specific capacitance) of PEDOT nanotubes can be remarkably enhanced by electrodepositing RuO2 into their porous walls and onto their rough internal surfaces. The flexible PEDOT prevents the RuO2 from breaking and detaching from the current collector while the rigid RuO2 keeps the PEDOT nanotubes from collapsing and aggregating. The composite RuO2/PEDOT nanotube can reach a high power density of 20 kW kg-1 while maintaining 80% energy density (28 Wh kg-1) of its maximum value. This high power capability is attributed to the fast charge/discharge of nanotubular structures: hollow nanotubes allow counter-ions to readily penetrate into the composite material and access their internal surfaces, while a thin wall provides a short diffusion distance to facilitate ion transport. The high energy density originates from the RuO2, which can store high electrical/electrochemical energy intrinsically. The high specific capacitance (1217 Fg-1) which is contributed by the RuO2 in the composite RuO2/PEDOT nanotube is realized because of the high specific surface area of the nanotubular structures. Such PEDOT/RuO2 composite nanotube materials are an ideal candidate for the development of high-energy and high-power supercapacitors.

  1. Photoionization of FE3+ Ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ovchinnikov, O.; Schlachter, F.

    2003-01-01

    Photoionization of Fe3+ ions was studied for the first time using synchrotron radiation from the Advanced Light Source (ALS) and the merged-beams technique. Fe3+ ions were successfully produced using ferrocene in an electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECR). The measured yield of Fe4+ photoions as a function of photon energy revealed the presence of resonances that correspond to excitation of autoionizing states. These resonances are superimposed upon the photoion yield produced by direct photoionization, which is a smooth, slowly decreasing function of energy. The spectra for the photoionization of Fe3+ will be analyzed and compared with theory. The data collected will also serve to test models for the propagation of light through ionized matter.

  2. FE Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    with senior executives in the Office of Fossil Energy (FE). In this edition we talk to Paula Gant, Deputy Secretary for Oil and Gas August 17, 2015 Profiles in Leadership:...

  3. FE Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    implement the change. August 5, 2014 FE's Christopher Smith spoke recently during the Africa Leaders' Visit: Energy event in Houston. During the three-day event organized by the...

  4. Microsoft Word - FeMoco.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fig. 1. Fourier transforms calculated over the k-range 2-16 Å -1 of EXAFS data (dotted) and fits (solid) from (left) MoFe protein- bound FeMoco and (right) the NifEN-bound FeMoco precursor. The EXAFS data were obtained, respectively, by subtraction of ΔnifB MoFe protein EXAFS from wild-type MoFe protein EXAFS and ΔnifB NifEN EXAFS from NifEN EXAFS. The insets show the structure of FeMoco (left) and a structural model consistent with the XAS analysis of the NifEN-bound FeMoco precursor

  5. Pt3Ru6 Clusters Supported on gamma-Al2O3: Synthesis from Pt3Ru6(Cu)21(u3-H)(u-H)3, Structural Characterization, and Catalysis of Ethylene Hydrogenation and n-Butane Hydrogenolysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chotisuwan,S.; Wittayakun, J.; Gates, B.

    2006-01-01

    The supported clusters Pt-Ru/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were prepared by adsorption of the bimetallic precursor Pt{sub 3}Ru{sub 6}(Cu){sub 21}({mu}{sub 3}-H)({mu}-H){sub 3} from CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} solution onto {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} followed by decarbonylation in He at 300 C. The resultant supported clusters were characterized by infrared (IR) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies and as catalysts for ethylene hydrogenation and n-butane hydrogenolysis. After adsorption, the {nu}{sub CO} peaks characterizing the precursor shifted to lower wavenumbers, and some of the hydroxyl bands of the support disappeared or changed, indicating that the CO ligands of the precursor interacted with support hydroxyl groups. The EXAFS results show that the metal core of the precursor remained essentially unchanged upon adsorption, but there were distortions of the metal core indicated by changes in the metal-metal distances. After decarbonylation of the supported clusters, the EXAFS data indicated that Pt and Ru atoms interacted with support oxygen atoms and that about half of the Pt-Ru bonds were maintained, with the composition of the metal frame remaining almost unchanged. The decarbonylated supported bimetallic clusters reported here are the first having essentially the same metal core composition as that of a precursor metal carbonyl, and they appear to be the best-defined supported bimetallic clusters. The material was found to be an active catalyst for ethylene hydrogenation and n-butane hydrogenolysis under conditions mild enough to prevent substantial cluster disruption.

  6. Ultralow charge-transfer resistance with ultralow Pt loading for hydrogen evolution and oxidation using Ru@Pt core-shell nanocatalysts

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Jia X.; Zhang, Yu; Capuano, Christopher B.; Ayers, Katherine E.

    2015-07-15

    We evaluated the activities of well-defined Ru@Pt core-shell nanocatalysts for hydrogen evolution and oxidation reactions (HER-HOR) using hanging strips of gas diffusion electrode (GDE) in solution cells. With gas transport limitation alleviated by micro-porous channels in the GDEs, the charge transfer resistances (CTRs) at the hydrogen reversible potential were conveniently determined from linear fit of ohmic-loss-corrected polarization curves. In 1M HClO₄ at 23°C, a CTR as low as 0.04 Ω cm² was obtained with only 20 μg cm⁻² Pt and 11 μg cm⁻² Ru using the carbon-supported Ru@Pt with 1:1 Ru:Pt atomic ratio. Derived from temperature-dependent CTRs, the activation barriermore » of the Ru@Pt catalyst for the HER-HOR in acids is 0.2 eV or 19 kJ mol⁻¹. Using the Ru@Pt catalyst with total metal loadings <50 μg cm⁻² for the HER in proton-exchange-membrane water electrolyzers, we recorded uncompromised activity and durability compared to the baseline established with 3 mg cm⁻² Pt black.« less

  7. Ultralow charge-transfer resistance with ultralow Pt loading for hydrogen evolution and oxidation using Ru@Pt core-shell nanocatalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jia X.; Zhang, Yu; Capuano, Christopher B.; Ayers, Katherine E.

    2015-07-15

    We evaluated the activities of well-defined Ru@Pt core-shell nanocatalysts for hydrogen evolution and oxidation reactions (HER-HOR) using hanging strips of gas diffusion electrode (GDE) in solution cells. With gas transport limitation alleviated by micro-porous channels in the GDEs, the charge transfer resistances (CTRs) at the hydrogen reversible potential were conveniently determined from linear fit of ohmic-loss-corrected polarization curves. In 1M HClO₄ at 23°C, a CTR as low as 0.04 Ω cm² was obtained with only 20 μg cm⁻² Pt and 11 μg cm⁻² Ru using the carbon-supported Ru@Pt with 1:1 Ru:Pt atomic ratio. Derived from temperature-dependent CTRs, the activation barrier of the Ru@Pt catalyst for the HER-HOR in acids is 0.2 eV or 19 kJ mol⁻¹. Using the Ru@Pt catalyst with total metal loadings <50 μg cm⁻² for the HER in proton-exchange-membrane water electrolyzers, we recorded uncompromised activity and durability compared to the baseline established with 3 mg cm⁻² Pt black.

  8. V-137: Apple Mac OS X update for Java | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7: Apple Mac OS X update for Java V-137: Apple Mac OS X update for Java April 18, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apple Mac OS X update for Java PLATFORM: Mac OS X 10.6, OS X Lion...

  9. Microsoft Word - FeV.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fe K-edge XAS spectra of the Fe(III)-azide precursor (black) and the Fe(V)-nitrido complex (red) Characterization of a Genuine S=1/2 Fe(V) Complex Núria Aliaga-Alcalde, 1 Serena DeBeer George, 2 Bernd Mienert, 1 Eckhard Bill, 1 Karl Wieghardt 1 and Frank Neese 11 1 Max Planck Institut für Bioanorganische Chemie, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany 2 Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA High-valent Fe(IV) and Fe(V) intermediates are invoked in the

  10. V-115: Apple iOS Bugs Let Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: Apple iOS Bugs Let Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges V-115: Apple iOS Bugs Let Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges March 20, 2013 - 12:08am Addthis PROBLEM: Apple iOS Bugs...

  11. High temperature-induced phase transitions in Sr{sub 2}GdRuO{sub 6} complex perovskite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Triana, C.A.; Corredor, L.T.; Landinez Tellez, D.A.; Roa-Rojas, J.

    2011-12-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crystal structure, thermal expansion and phase transitions at high-temperature of Sr{sub 2}GdRuO{sub 6} perovskite has been investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer X-ray diffraction pattern at 298 K of Sr{sub 2}GdRuO{sub 6} corresponds to monoclinic perovskite-type structure with P2{sub 1}/n space group. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Evolution of X-ray diffraction patterns at high-temperature shows that the Sr{sub 2}GdRuO{sub 6} perovskite suffers two-phase transitions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer At 573 K the X-ray diffraction pattern of Sr{sub 2}GdRuO{sub 6} corresponds to monoclinic perovskite-type structure with I2/m space group. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer At 1273 K the Sr{sub 2}GdRuO{sub 6} perovskite suffers a complete phase-transition from monoclinic I2/m (no. 12) to tetragonal I4/m (no. 87). -- Abstract: The crystal structure behavior of the Sr{sub 2}GdRuO{sub 6} complex perovskite at high-temperature has been investigated over a wide temperature range between 298 K {<=} T {<=} 1273 K. Measurements of X-ray diffraction at room-temperature and Rietveld analysis of the experimental patterns show that this compound crystallizes in a monoclinic perovskite-like structure, which belongs to the P2{sub 1}/n (no. 14) space group and 1:1 ordered arrangement of Ru{sup 5+} and Gd{sup 3+} cations over the six-coordinate M sites. Experimental lattice parameters were obtained to be a =5.8103(5) Angstrom-Sign , b =5.8234(1) Angstrom-Sign , c =8.2193(9) Angstrom-Sign , V = 278.11(2) Angstrom-Sign {sup 3} and angle {beta} = 90.310(5) Degree-Sign . The high-temperature analysis shows the occurrence of two-phase transitions on this material. First, at 573 K it adopts a monoclinic perovskite-type structure with I2/m (no. 12) space group with lattice parameters a = 5.8275(6) Angstrom-Sign , b = 5.8326(3) Angstrom-Sign , c = 8.2449(2) Angstrom-Sign , V = 280.31(3) Angstrom-Sign {sup 3} and angle {beta} = 90.251(3) Degree-Sign . Close to 1273 K it undergoes a complete phase-transition from monoclinic I2/m (no. 12) to tetragonal I4/m (no. 87), with lattice parameters a = 5.8726(1) Angstrom-Sign , c = 8.3051(4) Angstrom-Sign , V = 286.39(8) Angstrom-Sign {sup 3} and angle {beta} = 90.0 Degree-Sign . The high-temperature phase transition from monoclinic I2/m (no. 12) to tetragonal I4/m (no. 87) is characterized by strongly anisotropic displacements of the anions.

  12. NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2006 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the September 27, 2006 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Presentation LANL, Transuranic Waste Program, Lee Lucero

  13. NNMCAB Board Minutes: June 2001 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the June 20, 2001 Board meeting at Hotel Santa Fe Presentation NNMCAB Waste Management Committee

  14. NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2010 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the November 17, 2010 Board meeting at Lodge at Santa Fe Presentation LANL, Environmental Surveillance Report for 2009

  15. NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2006 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the January 25, 2006 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Presentation LANL, Groundwater Issues

  16. Population of 195Os via a deep-inelastic reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valiente-Dobon, J.J.; Wheldon, C.; Regan, P.H.; Langdown, S.D.; Yamamoto, A.D.; Wu, C.Y.; Cline, D.; Hayes, A.; Hua, H.; Teng, R.; Andreoiu, C.; Svensson, C.E.; Chapman, R.; Liang, X.; Fallon, P.; Lee, I.Y.; Macchiavelli, A.O.; Ward, D.; Freeman, S. J.; Smith, J.F.

    2004-09-13

    The present work reports on the {sub 76}{sup 195}Os isotope, which is the most neutron-rich osmium isotope for which transitions have been measured. It has been populated following a multi-nucleon transfer reaction between a thin {sub 78}{sup 198}Pt target and an 850-MeV {sub 54}{sup 136}Xe beam. Evidence from {gamma}-ray coincidences has been found for an I{sup {pi}} = ((27/2){sup -}) isomeric state with a measured half-life of 26 {+-} 9ns.

  17. Process and genes for expression and overexpression of active [FeFe] hydrogenases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Seibert, Michael; King, Paul W; Ghirardi, Maria Lucia; Posewitz, Matthew C; Smolinski, Sharon L

    2014-09-16

    A process for expression of active [FeFe]-hydrogenase in a host organism that does not contain either the structural gene(s) for [FeFe]-hydrogenases and/or homologues for the maturation genes HydE, HydF and HyG, comprising: cloning the structural hydrogenase gene(s) and/or the maturation genes HydE, HydF and HydG from an organisms that contains these genes into expression plasmids; transferring the plasmids into an organism that lacks a native [FeFe]-hydrogenase or that has a disrupted [FeFe]-hydrogenase and culturing it aerobically; and inducing anaerobiosis to provide [FeFe] hydrogenase biosynthesis and H?2#191 production.

  18. Intramolecular proton transfer boosts water oxidation catalyzed by a Ru complex

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Matheu, Roc; Ertem, Mehmed Z.; Benet-Buchholz, J.; Coronado, Eugenio; Batista, Victor S.; Sala, Xavier; Llobet, Antoni

    2015-07-30

    We introduce a new family of complexes with the general formula [Run(tda)(py)2]m+ (n = 2, m = 0, 1; n = 3, m = 1, 2+; n = 4, m = 2, 32+), with tda2– being [2,2':6',2"-terpyridine]-6,6"-dicarboxylate, including complex [RuIV(OH)(tda-κ-N3O)(py)2]+, 4H+, which we find to be an impressive water oxidation catalyst, formed by hydroxo coordination to 32+ under basic conditions. The complexes are synthesized, isolated, and thoroughly characterized by analytical, spectroscopic (UV–vis, nuclear magnetic resonance, electron paramagnetic resonance), computational, and electrochemical techniques (cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry, coulometry), including solid-state monocrystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In oxidation state IV, the Rumore » center is seven-coordinated and diamagnetic, whereas in oxidation state II, the complex has an unbonded dangling carboxylate and is six-coordinated while still diamagnetic. With oxidation state III, the coordination number is halfway between the coordination of oxidation states II and IV. Species generated in situ have also been characterized by spectroscopic, computational, and electrochemical techniques, together with the related species derived from a different degree of protonation and oxidation states. 4H+ can be generated potentiometrically, or voltammetrically, from 32+, and both coexist in solution. While complex 32+ is not catalytically active, the catalytic performance of complex 4H+ is characterized by the foot of the wave analysis, giving an impressive turnover frequency record of 8000 s–1 at pH 7.0 and 50,000 s–1 at pH 10.0. Density functional theory calculations provide a complete description of the water oxidation catalytic cycle of 4H+, manifesting the key functional role of the dangling carboxylate in lowering the activation free energies that lead to O–O bond formation.« less

  19. Isotopic tracer studies of Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis over Ru/TiO sub 2 catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krishna, K.R.

    1992-01-01

    Fischer-Tropsch synthesis is a process in which CO and H{sub 2} react to give predominantly liquid hydrocarbons. The reaction can be considered a special type of polymerization in which the monomer is produced in situ, and chain growth occurs by a sequence of independently repeated additions of the monomer to the growing chain. A investigation has been conducted to study the CO hydrogenation reaction in order to better understand catalyst deactivation and the elementary surface processes involved in chain growth. Isotopic tracers are used in conjunction with transient-response techniques in this study of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over Ru/TiO{sub 2} catalysts. Experiments are conducted at a total pressure of 1 atmosphere, reaction temperatures of 453--498 K and D{sub 2}/CO (or H{sub 2}/CO) ratios of 2--5. Synthesis products are analyzed by gas chromatography or isotope-ratio gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Rate constants for chain initiation, propagation and termination are evaluated under steady-state reaction conditions by using transients in isotopic composition. The activation energy for chain termination is much higher than that for propagation, accounting for the observed decrease in the chain growth parameter are also estimated. Coverages by reaction intermediates are also estimated. When small amounts of {sup 12}C-labelled ethylene are added to {sup 13}CO/H{sub 2} synthesis gas, ethylene acts as the sole chain initiator. Ethylene-derived carbon also accounts for 45% of the C{sub 1} monomer pool. 102 refs., 29 figs., 11 tabs.

  20. Isotopic tracer studies of Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis over Ru/TiO{sub 2} catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krishna, K.R.

    1992-01-01

    Fischer-Tropsch synthesis is a process in which CO and H{sub 2} react to give predominantly liquid hydrocarbons. The reaction can be considered a special type of polymerization in which the monomer is produced in situ, and chain growth occurs by a sequence of independently repeated additions of the monomer to the growing chain. A investigation has been conducted to study the CO hydrogenation reaction in order to better understand catalyst deactivation and the elementary surface processes involved in chain growth. Isotopic tracers are used in conjunction with transient-response techniques in this study of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over Ru/TiO{sub 2} catalysts. Experiments are conducted at a total pressure of 1 atmosphere, reaction temperatures of 453--498 K and D{sub 2}/CO (or H{sub 2}/CO) ratios of 2--5. Synthesis products are analyzed by gas chromatography or isotope-ratio gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Rate constants for chain initiation, propagation and termination are evaluated under steady-state reaction conditions by using transients in isotopic composition. The activation energy for chain termination is much higher than that for propagation, accounting for the observed decrease in the chain growth parameter are also estimated. Coverages by reaction intermediates are also estimated. When small amounts of {sup 12}C-labelled ethylene are added to {sup 13}CO/H{sub 2} synthesis gas, ethylene acts as the sole chain initiator. Ethylene-derived carbon also accounts for 45% of the C{sub 1} monomer pool. 102 refs., 29 figs., 11 tabs.

  1. Microsoft Word - FeSCs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Schematic of the band structure along the high symmetry direction of Γ-M showing the (left) unrenormalized case, (middle) orbital-selective renormalized case at low temperatures, and (right) orbital-selective Mott phase where the d xy orbital completely loses coherence in the high temperature phase. Strong Orbital-selective Correlation Effects Unite Iron Chalcogenide Superconductors Seven years ago when superconductivity was first discovered in the iron-based compounds (FeSCs), one of the very

  2. Comparison of Two Preparation Methods on Catalytic Activity and Selectivity of Ru-Mo/HZSM5 for Methane Dehydroaromatization

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Petkovic, Lucia M.; Ginosar, Daniel M.

    2014-01-01

    Catalytic performance of Mo/HZSM5 and Ru-Mo/HZSM5 catalysts prepared by vaporization-deposition of molybdenum trioxide and impregnation with ammonium heptamolybdate was analyzed in terms of catalyst activity and selectivity, nitrogen physisorption analyses, temperature-programmed oxidation of carbonaceous residues, and temperature-programmed reduction. Vaporization-deposition rendered the catalyst more selective to ethylene and coke than the catalyst prepared by impregnation. This result was assigned to lower interaction of molybdenum carbide with the zeolite acidic sites.

  3. XMM-NEWTON OBSERVATIONS OF THE DWARF NOVA RU Peg IN QUIESCENCE: PROBE OF THE BOUNDARY LAYER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balman, Soelen; Godon, Patrick; Sion, Edward M.; Ness, Jan-Uwe; Schlegel, Eric; Barrett, Paul E.; Szkody, Paula E-mail: patrick.godon@villanova.edu E-mail: juness@sciops.esa.int E-mail: barrett.paul@usno.navy.mil

    2011-11-10

    We present an analysis of X-ray and UV data obtained with the XMM-Newton Observatory of the long-period dwarf nova RU Peg. RU Peg contains a massive white dwarf (WD), possibly the hottest WD in a dwarf nova (DN), it has a low inclination, thus optimally exposing its X-ray emitting boundary layer (BL), and has an excellent trigonometric parallax distance. We modeled the X-ray data using XSPEC assuming a multi-temperature plasma emission model built from the MEKAL code (i.e., CEVMKL). We obtained a maximum temperature of 31.7 keV, based on the European Photon Imaging Camera MOS1, 2 and pn data, indicating that RU Peg has an X-ray spectrum harder than most DNe, except U Gem. This result is consistent with and indirectly confirms the large mass of the WD in RU Peg. The X-ray luminosity we computed corresponds to a BL luminosity for a mass accretion rate of 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -11} M{sub sun} yr{sup -1} (assuming M{sub wd} = 1.3 M{sub sun}), in agreement with the expected quiescent accretion rate. The modeling of the O VIII emission line at 19 A as observed by the Reflection Grating Spectrometer implies a projected stellar rotational velocity v{sub rot}sin i = 695 km s{sup -1}, i.e., the line is emitted from material rotating at {approx}936-1245 km s{sup -1} (i {approx} 34 Degree-Sign -48 Degree-Sign) or about 1/6 of the Keplerian speed; this velocity is much larger than the rotation speed of the WD inferred from the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer spectrum. Cross-correletion analysis yielded an undelayed (time lag {approx} 0) component and a delayed component of 116 {+-} 17 s where the X-ray variations/fluctuations lagged the UV variations. This indicates that the UV fluctuations in the inner disk are propagated into the X-ray emitting region in about 116 s. The undelayed component may be related to irradiation effects.

  4. Suhr 7900.955 L*E+ru Pkzza. S. Iv.. Washington, D.C. 20024-i

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Suhr 7900.955 L*E+ru Pkzza. S. Iv.. Washington, D.C. 20024-i 7117~03.8J.cdy.4 23 September 19E M r. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear M r. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UN11 The attached elimination recommendation was prepar with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enc Aerospace letter subject: Status of

  5. Radiation effects on interface reactions of U/Fe, U/(Fe+Cr), and U/(Fe+Cr+Ni)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shao, Lin; Chen, Di; Wei, Chaochen; Martin, Michael S.; Wang, Xuemei; Park, Youngjoo; Dein, Ed; Coffey, Kevin R.; Sohn, Yongho; Sencer, Bulent H.; et al

    2014-10-01

    We study the effects of radiation damage on interdiffusion and intermetallic phase formation at the interfaces of U/Fe, U/(Fe + Cr), and U/(Fe + Cr + Ni) diffusion couples. Magnetron sputtering is used to deposit thin films of Fe, Fe + Cr, or Fe + Cr + Ni on U substrates to form the diffusion couples. One set of samples are thermally annealed under high vacuum at 450 C or 550 C for one hour. A second set of samples are annealed identically but with concurrent 3.5 MeV Fe++ ion irradiation. The Fe++ ion penetration depth is sufficient to reachmore »the original interfaces. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry analysis with high fidelity spectral simulations is used to obtain interdiffusion profiles, which are used to examine differences in U diffusion and intermetallic phase formation at the buried interfaces. For all three diffusion systems, Fe++ ion irradiations enhance U diffusion. Furthermore, the irradiations accelerate the formation of intermetallic phases. In U/Fe couples, for example, the unirradiated samples show typical interdiffusion governed by Fick’s laws, while the irradiated ones show step-like profiles influenced by Gibbs phase rules.« less

  6. Radiation effects on interface reactions of U/Fe, U/(Fe+Cr), and U/(Fe+Cr+Ni)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shao, Lin; Chen, Di; Wei, Chaochen; Martin, Michael S.; Wang, Xuemei; Park, Youngjoo; Dein, Ed; Coffey, Kevin R.; Sohn, Yongho; Sencer, Bulent H.; et al

    2014-10-01

    We study the effects of radiation damage on interdiffusion and intermetallic phase formation at the interfaces of U/Fe, U/(Fe + Cr), and U/(Fe + Cr + Ni) diffusion couples. Magnetron sputtering is used to deposit thin films of Fe, Fe + Cr, or Fe + Cr + Ni on U substrates to form the diffusion couples. One set of samples are thermally annealed under high vacuum at 450 C or 550 C for one hour. A second set of samples are annealed identically but with concurrent 3.5 MeV Fe++ ion irradiation. The Fe++ ion penetration depth is sufficient to reachmore » the original interfaces. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry analysis with high fidelity spectral simulations is used to obtain interdiffusion profiles, which are used to examine differences in U diffusion and intermetallic phase formation at the buried interfaces. For all three diffusion systems, Fe++ ion irradiations enhance U diffusion. Furthermore, the irradiations accelerate the formation of intermetallic phases. In U/Fe couples, for example, the unirradiated samples show typical interdiffusion governed by Fick’s laws, while the irradiated ones show step-like profiles influenced by Gibbs phase rules.« less

  7. Radiation effects on interface reactions of U/Fe, U/(Fe+Cr), and U/(Fe+Cr+Ni)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shao, Lin; Chen, Di; Wei, Chaochen; Martin, Michael S.; Wang, Xuemei; Park, Youngjoo; Dein, Ed; Coffey, Kevin R.; Sohn, Yongho; Sencer, Bulent H.; Rory Kennedy, J.

    2014-10-01

    We study the effects of radiation damage on interdiffusion and intermetallic phase formation at the interfaces of U/Fe, U/(Fe + Cr), and U/(Fe + Cr + Ni) diffusion couples. Magnetron sputtering is used to deposit thin films of Fe, Fe + Cr, or Fe + Cr + Ni on U substrates to form the diffusion couples. One set of samples are thermally annealed under high vacuum at 450 C or 550 C for one hour. A second set of samples are annealed identically but with concurrent 3.5 MeV Fe++ ion irradiation. The Fe++ ion penetration depth is sufficient to reach the original interfaces. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry analysis with high fidelity spectral simulations is used to obtain interdiffusion profiles, which are used to examine differences in U diffusion and intermetallic phase formation at the buried interfaces. For all three diffusion systems, Fe++ ion irradiations enhance U diffusion. Furthermore, the irradiations accelerate the formation of intermetallic phases. In U/Fe couples, for example, the unirradiated samples show typical interdiffusion governed by Ficks laws, while the irradiated ones show step-like profiles influenced by Gibbs phase rules.

  8. Epitaxial YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}}/Sr{sub 2}RuO{sub 4} heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlom, D.G.; Merritt, B.A.; Madhavan, S. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering] [and others

    1997-09-01

    The anisotropic oxide superconductors YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} and Sr{sub 2}RuO{sub 4} have been epitaxially combined in various ways (c-axis on c-axis, c-axis on a-axis, and a-axis on a-axis) though the use of appropriate substrates. Phase-pure a-axis oriented or c-axis oriented epitaxial Sr{sub 2}RuO{sub 4} films were grown by pulsed laser deposition. YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} films were then grown on both orientations of Sr{sub 2}RuO{sub 4} films and the resulting epitaxy was characterized.

  9. Fe-based long range ordered alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liu, C.T.

    Malleable long range ordered alloys with high critical ordering temperatures exist in the V(Co,Fe)/sub 3/ and V(Co,Fe,Ni)/sub 3/ system. The composition comprising by weight 22 to 23% V, 35 to 50% Fe, 0 to 22% Co and 19 to 40% Ni with an electron density no greater than 8.00. Excellent high temperature properties occur in alloys having compositions comprising by weight 22 to 23% V, 35 to 45% Fe, 0 to 10% Co, 25 to 35% Ni; 22 to 23% V, 28 to 33% Ni and the remainder Fe; and 22 to 23% V, 19 to 22% Co and the remainder Fe. The alloys are fabricable by casting, deforming and annealing for sufficient time to provide ordered structure.

  10. Fe-based long range ordered alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liu, Chain T; Inouye, Henry; Schaffhauser, Anthony C.

    1980-01-01

    Malleable long range ordered alloys having high critical ordering temperatures exist in the V(Co,Fe).sub.3 and V(Co,Fe,Ni).sub.3 system having the composition comprising by weight 22-23% V, 35-50% Fe, 0-22% Co and 19-40% Ni with an electron density no greater than 8.00. Excellent high temperature properties occur in alloys having compositions comprising by weight 22-23% V, 35-45% Fe, 0-10% Co, 25-35% Ni; 22-23% V, 28-33% Ni and the remainder Fe; and 22-23% V, 19-22% Ni, 19-22% Co and the remainder Fe. The alloys are fabricable by casting, deforming and annealing for sufficient time to provide ordered structure.

  11. FE Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Blog FE Blog RSS January 7, 2016 Carbon capture is an important part of the Energy Department's Fossil Energy research and development efforts, but it can be hard to understand. This infographic breaks it down for you. | Infographic by <a href="/node/1332956">Carly Wilkins</a>, Energy Department. INFOGRAPHIC: Carbon Capture 101 Carbon capture is an important part of the Energy Department's Fossil Energy research and development efforts, but how does it work? This

  12. Phase relations in the Fe-FeSi system at high pressures and temperatur...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    We determined melting temperatures and subsolidus phase relations of Fe-9 wt% Si and ... We find the B2 crystal structure in Fe-9Si where previous studies reported the less ...

  13. High-pressure viscosity of liquid Fe and FeS revisited by falling...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: High-pressure viscosity of liquid Fe and FeS revisited by falling sphere viscometry using ultrafast X-ray imaging Authors: Kono, Yoshio ; Kenney-Benson, Curtis ; Shibazaki, ...

  14. Equations of state in the Fe-FeSi system at high pressures and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: Equations of state in the Fe-FeSi system at high pressures and temperatures Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Equations of ...

  15. Identification of Highly Active Fe Sites in (Ni,Fe)OOH for Electrocata...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of site specific OER overpotentials using DFT+U reveals the origin of enhanced OER activity in Fe-doped -NiOOH, in which Fe sites have near-optimum binding energies for...

  16. FE0023592 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Email Page email Print This Page print Performer: Research Triangle Institute fe0023592-image.jpg Block Flow Diagram of Hybrid Integrated CTL Process Website: Research Triangle...

  17. fe0013689-WVU | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessing Fugitive Methane Emissions Using Natural Gas Engines in Unconventional Resource Development Last Reviewed 1212015 DE-FE0013689 Goal The project goal is to create an...

  18. fe0013919-UTAustin | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    METHANE HYDRATE PROJECTS Mechanisms for Methane Transport and Hydrate Accumulation in Coarse-Grained Reservoirs Last Reviewed 11242015 DE-FE0013919 Goal The project goal is to...

  19. fe0013590-PSU | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Continuous, Regional Methane Emissions Estimates in Northern Pennsylvania Gas Fields Using Atmospheric Inversions Last Reviewed 11302015 DE-FE0013590 Goal The goal of this...

  20. fe0013999-MIT | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fate of Methane Emitted From Dissociating Marine Hydrates: Modeling, Laboratory, and Field Constraints Last Reviewed 1222015 DE-FE0013999 Goal The overall goals of this research...

  1. Fe-V redox flow batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Li, Liyu; Kim, Soowhan; Yang, Zhenguo; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Jianlu; Chen, Baowei; Nie, Zimin; Xia, Guanguang

    2014-07-08

    A redox flow battery having a supporting solution that includes Cl.sup.- anions is characterized by an anolyte having V.sup.2+ and V.sup.3+ in the supporting solution, a catholyte having Fe.sup.2+ and Fe.sup.3+ in the supporting solution, and a membrane separating the anolyte and the catholyte. The anolyte and catholyte can have V cations and Fe cations, respectively, or the anolyte and catholyte can each contain both V and Fe cations in a mixture. Furthermore, the supporting solution can contain a mixture of SO.sub.4.sup.2- and Cl.sup.- anions.

  2. Santa Fe Community College selects new president

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Santa Fe Community College Selects New President Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest Issue: Dec. 2015-Jan. 2016...

  3. International science conferences in Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Santa Fe The conference are 2012 International Conference on Defects in Insulating Materials and Computer Simulation of Radiation Effects in Solids. June 22, 2012 Los Alamos...

  4. NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2008 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the January 30, 2008 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Presentation DOE, Quarterly Progress Review and Budget Update on Environmental Programs at LANL, David Gregory

  5. NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2008 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the March 26, 2008 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Presentations LANL, How Does LANL Conduce Risk Assessment, Rich Mirenda

  6. NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2006 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the July 26, 2006 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2006-05 and 2006-07

  7. NNMCAB Board Agenda: December 2014 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Agenda for the December 10, 2014 Special Board meeting at Lodge at Santa Fe Presentation DOE, Transition EM Legacy Clean-up at Los Alamos, Jack Craig

  8. fe0024271-utaustin | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fracture Diagnostics Using Low Frequency Electromagnetic Induction and Electrically Conductive Proppants Last Reviewed 12415 DE-FE0024271 Goal The project goal is to develop a...

  9. Microsoft Word - Fe-S_Clusters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    April 2010 Figure 1. Top: overall ribbon and surface representation of the x-ray crystal structure of [FeFe]-hydrogenase HydA ΔEFG . Loop regions important for the cluster insertion process are colored green. Bottom: Ball and stick representation of the active site of HydA ΔEFG at which a [4Fe-4S] cluster is present. Coloring scheme: rust, iron; orange, sulfur; gray, carbon; red, oxygen; blue, nitrogen. Assembly and Evolution of Complex Fe-S Clusters as Revealed by X-ray Crystallography

  10. NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2005 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the September 28, 2005 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Presentation Risk Assessment Corporation, Risk Assessments, Helen Grogan Consideration and Action on Recommendations

  11. Phase relations in the Fe–FeSi system at high pressures and temperatures

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Phase relations in the Fe–FeSi system at high pressures and temperatures Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Phase relations in the Fe–FeSi system at high pressures and temperatures Authors: Fischer, Rebecca A. ; Campbell, Andrew J. ; Reaman, Daniel M. ; Miller, Noah A. ; Heinz, Dion L. ; Dera, Przymyslaw ; Prakapenka, Vitali B. [1] ; UC) [2] + Show Author Affiliations (Maryland) ( Publication Date: 2013-06-12 OSTI Identifier:

  12. Equations of state in the Fe-FeSi system at high pressures and temperatures

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: Equations of state in the Fe-FeSi system at high pressures and temperatures Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Equations of state in the Fe-FeSi system at high pressures and temperatures Authors: Fischer, Rebecca A. ; Campbell, Andrew J. ; Caracas, Razvan ; Reaman, Daniel M. ; Heinz, Dion L. ; Dera, Przemyslaw ; Prakapenka, Vitali B. [1] ; UC) [2] ; Claude-Bernard) [2] + Show Author Affiliations

  13. Low-temperature growth and orientational control in RuO{sub 2} thin films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bai, G.R.; Wang, A.; Foster, C.M.; Vetrone, J.; Patel, J.; Wu, X.

    1996-08-01

    For growth temperatures in the range of 275 C to 425 C, highly conductive RuO{sub 2} thin films with either (110)- or (101)-textured orientations have been grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on both SiO{sub 2}/Si(001) and Pt/Ti/SiO{sub 2}/Si(001) substrates. Both the growth temperature and growth rate were used to control the type and degree of orientational texture of the RuO{sub 2} films. In the upper part of this growth temperature range ({approximately} 350 C) and at a low growth rate (< 30 {angstrom}/min.), the RuO{sub 2} films favored a (110)-textured. In contrast, at the lower part of this growth temperature range ({approximately} 300 C) and at a high growth rate (> 30 {angstrom}/min.), the RuO{sub 2} films favored a (101)-textured. In contrast, a higher growth temperatures (> 425 C) always produced randomly-oriented polycrystalline films. For either of these low-temperature growth processes, the films produced were crack-free, well-adhered to the substrates, and had smooth, specular surfaces. Atomic force microscopy showed that the films had a dense microstructure with an average grain size of 50--80 nm and a rms. surface roughness of {approximately} 3--10 nm. Four-probe electrical transport measurements showed that the films were highly conductive with resistivities of 34--40 {micro}{Omega}-cm ({at} 25 C).

  14. V-069: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple Vulnerabilities V-069: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple Vulnerabilities January 15, 2013 -...

  15. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of NaOsO3 (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Electronic structure and magnetic properties of NaOsO3 Prev Next Title: Electronic structure and magnetic properties of NaOsO3 Authors: Du, Yongping ; Wan, Xiangang ; Sheng, ...

  16. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of NaOsO3 (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Electronic structure and magnetic properties of NaOsO3 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Electronic structure and magnetic properties of NaOsO3 Authors: Du, Yongping ; ...

  17. Quasi-elastic region of the /sup 56/Fe + /sup 56/Fe and /sup 56/Fe + /sup 238/U reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weston-Dawkes, A.P.

    1986-01-01

    Projectile-like fragments (PLF's) were detected for the 15-MeV/uFe + Fe and Fe + U reactions. The mass, charge and energy of the PLF's were recorded. For the Fe + Fe reaction light-charged particles were also recorded in coincidence with PLF's. Products with kinetic energies corresponding to the first 100 MeV of energy loss were studied in detail for a variety of questions that remain concerning the quasi-elastic region. PLF energy spectra clearly show the presence of structures. These structures can be classified as either narrow or broad in kinetic energy width. By use of evaporation calculations, it was shown that broad structures were due to normal evaporation processes. Narrow structures with widths of 8 to 10 MeV could not be duplicated by evaporation calculations and their origin is still unexplained.

  18. Residential Lighting Usage Estimate Tool, v1.0, MacOS version | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Energy MacOS version Residential Lighting Usage Estimate Tool, v1.0, MacOS version MacOS version of the Residential Lighting Usage Estimate Tool, v1.0. File Spreadsheet More Documents & Publications Residential Lighting Usage Estimate Tool, v1.0, Windows

  19. InP:Fe photoconducting device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hammond, R.B.; Paulter, N.G.; Wagner, R.S.

    A photoconducting device fabricated from Fe-doped, semi-insulating InP crystals exhibits an exponential decay transient with decay time inversely related to Fe concentration. Photoconductive gain as high as 5 is demonstrated in photoconducting devices with AuGe and AuSn contacts. Response times from 150 to 1000 picoseconds can be achieved.

  20. InP:Fe Photoconducting device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hammond, Robert B.; Paulter, Nicholas G.; Wagner, Ronald S.

    1984-01-01

    A photoconducting device fabricated from Fe-doped, semi-insulating InP crystals exhibits an exponential decay transient with decay time inversely related to Fe concentration. Photoconductive gain as high as 5 is demonstrated in photoconducting devices with AuGe and AuSn contacts. Response times from 150 to 1000 picoseconds can be achieved.

  1. FE FY 2015 Budget Request Presentation | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    5 Budget Request Presentation FE FY 2015 Budget Request Presentation File fy15_budget_rollout.pptx More Documents & Publications FE FY 2017 BUDGET REQUEST PRESENTATION FE FY 2016

  2. FE FY 2016 BUDGET REQUEST PRESENTATION | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    6 BUDGET REQUEST PRESENTATION FE FY 2016 BUDGET REQUEST PRESENTATION PDF icon FY16_budget_rollout 2-2-15.pdf More Documents & Publications FE FY 2015 Budget Request Presentation FE FY 2017

  3. Controlled Anisotropic Growth of Co-Fe-P from Co-Fe-O Nanoparticles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mendoza-Garcia, Adriana; Zhu, Huiyuan; Yu, Yongsheng; Li, Qing; Zhou, Lin; Su, Dong; Kramer, Matthew J.; Sun, Shouheng

    2015-06-26

    Presented here is a facile approach to bimetallic phosphides, Co-Fe-P, via high-temperature (300°C) reaction between Co-Fe-O nanoparticles and trioctylphosphine. The growth of Co-Fe-P from the Co-Fe-O is anisotropic. As a result, Co-Fe-P nanorods (from the polyhedral Co-Fe-O nanoparticles) and sea-urchin-like Co-Fe-P (from the cubic Co-Fe-O nanoparticles) are synthesized with both nanorod and the sea-urchin-arm dimensions controlled by Co/Fe ratios. The Co-Fe-P structure, especially the sea-urchin-like (Co0.54Fe0.46)2P, shows enhanced catalysis for oxygen evolution reaction in KOH with its catalytic efficiency surpassing Ir catalyst. Our synthesis is simple and may be readily extended to the preparation of other multimetallic phosphides for importantmore » catalysis and energy storage applications.« less

  4. Controlled Anisotropic Growth of Co-Fe-P from Co-Fe-O Nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendoza-Garcia, Adriana; Zhu, Huiyuan; Yu, Yongsheng; Li, Qing; Zhou, Lin; Su, Dong; Kramer, Matthew J.; Sun, Shouheng

    2015-06-26

    Presented here is a facile approach to bimetallic phosphides, Co-Fe-P, via high-temperature (300C) reaction between Co-Fe-O nanoparticles and trioctylphosphine. The growth of Co-Fe-P from the Co-Fe-O is anisotropic. As a result, Co-Fe-P nanorods (from the polyhedral Co-Fe-O nanoparticles) and sea-urchin-like Co-Fe-P (from the cubic Co-Fe-O nanoparticles) are synthesized with both nanorod and the sea-urchin-arm dimensions controlled by Co/Fe ratios. The Co-Fe-P structure, especially the sea-urchin-like (Co0.54Fe0.46)2P, shows enhanced catalysis for oxygen evolution reaction in KOH with its catalytic efficiency surpassing Ir catalyst. Our synthesis is simple and may be readily extended to the preparation of other multimetallic phosphides for important catalysis and energy storage applications.

  5. Thickness-dependent metal-insulator transition in epitaxial SrRuO3 ultrathin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Xuan; Qiu, Xiangbiao; Su, Dong; Zhou, Shengqiang; Li, Aidong; Wu, Di

    2015-01-06

    Transport characteristics of ultrathin SrRuO? films, deposited epitaxially on TiO?-terminated SrTiO? (001) single-crystal substrates, were studied as a function of film thickness. Evolution from a metallic to an insulating behavior is observed as the film thickness decreases from 20 to 4 unit cells. In films thicker than 4 unit cells, the transport behavior obeys the Drude low temperature conductivity with quantum corrections, which can be attributed to weak localization. Fitting the data with 2-dimensional localization model indicates that electron-phonon collisions are the main inelastic relaxation mechanism. In the film of 4 unit cells in thickness, the transport behavior follows variable range hopping model, indicating a strongly localized state. As a result, magnetoresistance measurements reveal a likely magnetic anisotropy with the magnetic easy axis along the out-of-plane direction.

  6. V-165: Cisco WebEx for iOS Certificate Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Spoof the Server | Department of Energy 65: Cisco WebEx for iOS Certificate Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof the Server V-165: Cisco WebEx for iOS Certificate Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof the Server May 28, 2013 - 12:46am Addthis PROBLEM: Cisco WebEx for iOS Certificate Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof the Server PLATFORM: Cisco WebEx for iOS 4.1, Other versions may also be affected. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Cisco WebEx for iOS. REFERENCE LINKS:

  7. NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2009 Santa Fe | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - September 30, 2009 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2009 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2009 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2009 Santa...

  8. A Series of Highly Stable Mesoporous Metalloporphyrin Fe-MOFs...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A Series of Highly Stable Mesoporous Metalloporphyrin Fe-MOFs Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A Series of Highly Stable Mesoporous Metalloporphyrin Fe-MOFs Authors: ...

  9. FE0023592 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FE0023592 Breakthrough Hybrid CTL Process Integrating Advanced Technologies for Coal Gasification, NG Partial Oxidation, Warm Syngas Cleanup and Syngas-to-Jet Email Page email Print This Page print Performer: Research Triangle Institute fe0023592-image.jpg Block Flow Diagram of Hybrid Integrated CTL Process Website: Research Triangle Institute Award Number: FE0023592 Project Duration: 10/01/2014 - 03/31/2017 Total Award Value: $5,500,000.00 DOD Share: $3,981,705.00 DOE Share: $418,295.00

  10. Microsoft Word - Santa Fe Dec 14.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    4, 2005 10 4:00 P.M. Genoveva Chavez Community Center 11 3221 Rodeo Road Santa Fe, New Mexico 12 13 14 15 16 FACILITATED BY: MARGO COVINGTON 17 18 19 20 REPORTED BY: Betty J. Lanphere, NM CCR #70 21 Betty J. Lanphere & Associates, Inc. Post Office Box 449 22 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87504 23 24 25 Betty J. Lanphere & Associates, Inc. P. O. Box 449 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87504 - (505) 983-7367 1 2 A P P E A R A N C E S 3 FOR DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY: 4 Lisa Cummings EIS Document Manager 5 U.S. DOE

  11. fe0014055-CMU | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Measurements and Modeling to Quantify Emissions of Methane and VOCs from Shale Gas Operations Last Reviewed 11302015 DE-FE0014055 Goal The goals of this project are to determine...

  12. NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2005 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the July 27, 2005 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Presentation LANL, Public Health Assessment for Los Alamos National Laboratory, Michael Brooks Presentation LANL, Well Drilling Techniques, Groundwater Program

  13. NNMCAB Board Agenda: January 2014 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Agenda for the January 29, 2014 Board meeting at Lodge at Santa Fe Presentation DOE.LANL, MDA-G Post TRU Waste Retrieval Proposed Remedy; A Path to Long Term Stewardship, Pete Maggiore, Jeff Mousseau

  14. fe0024311-ttu | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Maximize Liquid Oil Production from Shale Oil and Gas Condensate Reservoirs by Cyclic Gas Injection Last Reviewed 1242015 DE-FE0024311 Goal The project goal is to evaluate the...

  15. fe0013889-TEES | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    THCM Coupled Model for Hydrate-bearing Sediments: Data Analysis and Design of New Field Experiments (Marine and Permafrost Settings) Last Reviewed 11272015 DE-FE0013889 Goal The...

  16. NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2005 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the March 30, 2005 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2005-03 Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2005-04

  17. Isolation and Performance Guarantee Provisioning in Argo NodeOS with Custom

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Compute Containers | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Isolation and Performance Guarantee Provisioning in Argo NodeOS with Custom Compute Containers Event Sponsor: Mathematics and Computer Science Division Seminar Start Date: Feb 23 2016 - 12:00pm Building/Room: Building 240/Room 4301 Location: Argonne National Laboratory Speaker(s): Judicael Zounmevo Host: Kate Keahey We will discuss the Argo NodeOS single-kernel approach to OS specialization via our in-development compute

  18. T-585: Mac OS X v10.6.7 Security Update 2011-001

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Mac OS Update: Mac OS 10.6.7 fixes multiple vulnerabilities in the following release. This update can be installed on non-startup volumes, but you should only do this if the current startup volume has already been updated to Mac OS X Server v10.6.7. The simplest way to avoid issues from an improper installation is to start up from the volume that you wish to update.

  19. fe0001547 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1547 Recovery Act: CO2 Capture From Biofuels Production and Sequestration into the Mt. Simon Sandstone Reservoir Email Page email Print This Page print Performer: Archer Daniels Midland Corporation (ADM) fe0001547 ADM's Agricultural Processing and Biofuels Plant, Decatur, IL. Website: Archer Daniels Midland Corporation (ADM) Award Number: FE0001547 Project Duration: 11/16/2009 - 09/30/2017 Total Award Value: $207,942,199.00 DOE Share: $141,405,945.00 Performer Share: $66,536,254.00 Technology

  20. fe0024360-paulsson | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fe0024360-paulsson Injection and Tracking of Micro-seismic emitters to Optimize Unconventional Oil and Gas (UOG) Development Last Reviewed 12/2/2015 DE-FE0024360 Goal The project goal is to develop fracture and fractureproppant mapping and monitoring technologies that will allow for both efficient and environmentally prudent development of UOG by developing and simultaneously deploying two novel technologies in an UOG well. The first technology, an acoustic micro emitter (AME) can be mixed with

  1. DNA analysis conference in Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DNA analysis conference in Santa Fe DNA analysis conference in Santa Fe Los Alamos National Laboratory is hosting a DNA sequence analysis and bioinformatics event, the 10th annual Sequencing, Finishing and Analysis in the Future (SFAF) workshop. May 27, 2015 DNA extracted from a soil sample is stored in a small vial of clear liquid. In general, living cells function by using the sequences of bases in their DNA as a blueprint for assembling proteins. A particularly important type of protein is

  2. High-pressure viscosity of liquid Fe and FeS revisited by falling sphere

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    viscometry using ultrafast X-ray imaging (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: High-pressure viscosity of liquid Fe and FeS revisited by falling sphere viscometry using ultrafast X-ray imaging Citation Details In-Document Search Title: High-pressure viscosity of liquid Fe and FeS revisited by falling sphere viscometry using ultrafast X-ray imaging Authors: Kono, Yoshio ; Kenney-Benson, Curtis ; Shibazaki, Yuki ; Park, Changyong ; Shen, Guoyin ;

  3. Identification of Highly Active Fe Sites in (Ni,Fe)OOH for Electrocatalytic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Water Splitting | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource Identification of Highly Active Fe Sites in (Ni,Fe)OOH for Electrocatalytic Water Splitting Thursday, April 30, 2015 Operando XAS showing structural changes at Fe dopants in Ni(OH)2/NiOOH host structure. Ni(OH)2 is oxidized into γ-NiOOH under OER operating conditions, inducing significant M-O bond contraction at both Ni and Fe sites. Theoretical modeling of site specific OER overpotentials using DFT+U reveals the origin of

  4. Transverse thermoelectric effect in La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3}|SrRuO{sub 3} superlattices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shiomi, Y.; Handa, Y.; Kikkawa, T.; Saitoh, E.

    2015-06-08

    Transverse thermoelectric effects in response to an out-of-plane heat current have been studied in an external magnetic field for ferromagnetic superlattices consisting of La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3} and SrRuO{sub 3} layers. The superlattices were fabricated on SrTiO{sub 3} substrates by pulsed laser deposition. We found that the sign of the transverse thermoelectric voltage for the superlattices is opposite to that for La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3} and SrRuO{sub 3} single layers at 200?K, implying an important role of spin Seebeck effects inside the superlattices. At 10?K, the magnetothermoelectric curves shift from the zero field due to an antiferromagnetic coupling between layers in the superlattices.

  5. U-228: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis PROBLEM: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: Adobe Flash Player versions included with BlackBerry PlayBook tablet software versions...

  6. V-158: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in BlackBerry Tablet OS, which can be exploited by malicious people to bypass certain security restrictions and compromise a user's system.

  7. T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions | Department of Energy 6: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions July 26, 2011 - 1:06am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Apple iOS. A remote user with the ability to conduct a man-in-the-middle attack can access or modify SSL/TLS sessions. PLATFORM: iOS 4.2.5

  8. V-054: IBM WebSphere Application Server for z/OS Arbitrary Command Execution Vulnerability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A vulnerability was reported in the IBM HTTP Server component 5.3 in IBM WebSphere Application Server (WAS) for z/OS

  9. Isonitrile radionuclide complexes for labelling and imaging agents

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Alun G.; Davison, Alan; Abrams, Michael J.

    1984-06-04

    A coordination complex of an isonitrile ligand and radionuclide such as Tc, Ru, Co, Pt, Fe, Os, Ir, W, Re, Cr, Mo, Mn, Ni, Rh, Pd, Nb and Ta, is useful as a diagnostic agent for labelling liposomes or vesicles, and selected living cells containing lipid membranes, such as blood clots, myocardial tissue, gall bladder tissue, etc.

  10. Isolation and microbial reduction of Fe(III) phyllosilicates from

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    subsurface sediments (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Isolation and microbial reduction of Fe(III) phyllosilicates from subsurface sediments Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Isolation and microbial reduction of Fe(III) phyllosilicates from subsurface sediments Fe(III)-bearing phyllosilicates can be important sources of Fe(III) for dissimilatory microbial iron reduction in clay-rich anoxic soils and sediments. The goal of this research was to isolate Fe(III) phyllosilicate

  11. NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2009 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    09 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2009 Santa Fe At This Meeting: NNMCAB Written Reports Report on FY'11 EM Budget Report on Community Outreach Update from Liaisons (DOE, LANL, NMED) Consideration and Action on Recommendation PDF icon Board Minutes - March 25, 2009 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2009 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2009 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2008 Santa Fe

  12. Neutron physics of the Re/Os clock. III. Resonance analyses and stellar (n,gamma) cross sections of {sup 186,187,188}Os

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujii, K.; Abbondanno, U.; Belloni, F.; Milazzo, P. M.; Moreau, C.; Mosconi, M.; Kaeppeler, F.; Audouin, L.; Dillmann, I.; Heil, M.; Plag, R.; Voss, F.; Walter, S.; Wisshak, K.; Mengoni, A.; Domingo-Pardo, C.; Aerts, G.; Andriamonje, S.; Berthoumieux, E.; Dridi, W.

    2010-07-15

    Neutron resonance analyses have been performed for the capture cross sections of {sup 186}Os, {sup 187}Os, and {sup 188}Os measured at the n{sub T}OF facility at cern. Resonance parameters have been extracted up to 5, 3, and 8 keV, respectively, using the sammy code for a full R-matrix fit of the capture yields. From these results average resonance parameters were derived by a statistical analysis to provide a comprehensive experimental basis for modeling of the stellar neutron capture rates of these isotopes in terms of the Hauser-Feshbach statistical model. Consistent calculations for the capture and inelastic reaction channels are crucial for the evaluation of stellar enhancement factors to correct the Maxwellian averaged cross sections obtained from experimental data for the effect of thermally populated excited states. These factors have been calculated for the full temperature range of current scenarios of s-process nucleosynthesis using the combined information of the experimental data in the region of resolved resonances and in the continuum. The consequences of this analysis for the s-process component of the {sup 187}Os abundance and the related impact on the evaluation of the time duration of galactic nucleosynthesis via the Re/Os cosmochronometer are discussed.

  13. T-632: Google Chrome OS before R12 0.12.433.38 Beta Update

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CVE-2011-2171 addresses unspecified vulnerabilities in the dbugs package of Google Chrome OS. Prior versions of Google Chrome can be fixed by updating to the current release. Information and content related to this CVE was last updated on 05/25/2011. To find out more information about Chromium OS Security and Reported Bugs, please visit: The Chromium Projects Security Overview.

  14. Neutron physics of the Re/Os clock. II. The (n,n{sup '}) cross section of {sup 187}Os at 30 keV neutron energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosconi, M.; Heil, M.; Kaeppeler, F.; Plag, R.; Mengoni, A.

    2010-07-15

    The inelastic neutron-scattering cross section of {sup 187}Os has been determined in a time-of-flight experiment at the Karlsruhe 3.7-MV Van de Graaff accelerator. An almost monoenergetic beam of 30-keV neutrons was produced at the threshold of the {sup 7}Li(p,n){sup 7}Be reaction. Information on the inelastic channel is required for reliable calculations of the so-called stellar enhancement factor, by which the laboratory cross section of {sup 187}Os must be corrected in order to account for the thermal population of low-lying excited states at the temperatures of s-process nucleosynthesis, in particular of the important state at 9.75 keV. This correction represents a crucial step in the interpretation of the {sup 187}Os/{sup 187}Re pair as a cosmochronometer.

  15. Tuning the metal-insulator crossover and magnetism in SrRuO3 by ionic gating

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yi, Hee Taek; Gao, Bin; Xie, Wei; Cheong, Sang -Wook; Podzorov, Vitaly

    2014-10-13

    Reversible control of charge transport and magnetic properties without degradation is a key for device applications of transition metal oxides. Chemical doping during the growth of transition metal oxides can result in large changes in physical properties, but in most of the cases irreversibility is an inevitable constraint. We report a reversible control of charge transport, metal-insulator crossover and magnetism in field-effect devices based on ionically gated archetypal oxide system - SrRuO3. In these thin-film devices, the metal-insulator crossover temperature and the onset of magnetoresistance can be continuously and reversibly tuned in the range 90–250 K and 70–100 K, respectively,more » by application of a small gate voltage. We infer that a reversible diffusion of oxygen ions in the oxide lattice dominates the response of these materials to the gate electric field. These findings provide critical insights into both the understanding of ionically gated oxides and the development of novel applications.« less

  16. Deprotonated Water Dimers: The Building Blocks of Segmented Water Chains on Rutile RuO2(110)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mu, Rentao; Cantu Cantu, David; Glezakou, Vassiliki Alexandra; Lyubinetsky, Igor; Rousseau, Roger J.; Dohnalek, Zdenek

    2015-10-15

    Despite the importance of RuO2 in photocatalytic water splitting and catalysis in general, the interactions of water with even its most stable (110) surface are not well-understood. In this study we employ a combination of high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy imaging with density functional theory based ab initio molecular dynamics, and we follow the formation and binding of linear water clusters on coordinatively unsaturated ruthenium rows. We find that clusters of all sizes (dimers, trimers, tetramers, extended chains) are stabilized by donating one proton per every two water molecules to the surface bridge bonded oxygen sites, in contrast with water monomers that do not show a significant propensity for dissociation. The clusters with odd number of water molecules are less stable than the clusters with even number, and are generally not observed under thermal equilibrium. For all clusters with even numbers, the dissociated dimers represent the fundamental building blocks with strong intra-dimer hydrogen bonds and only very weak inter-dimer interactions resulting in segmented water chains.

  17. 57Fe Mössbauer study of Lu2Fe3Si5 iron silicide superconductor

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ma, Xiaoming; Ran, Sheng; Pang, Hua; Li, Fashen; Canfield, Paul C.; Bud'ko, Sergey L.

    2015-08-01

    With the advent of Fe–As based superconductivity it has become important to study how superconductivity manifests itself in details of 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy of conventional, Fe-bearing superconductors. The iron-based superconductor Lu2Fe3Si5 has been studied by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy over the temperature range from 4.4 K to room temperature with particular attention to the region close to the superconducting transition temperature (Tc=6.1 K). Consistent with the two crystallographic sites for Fe in this structure, the observed spectra appear to have a pattern consisting of two doublets over the whole temperature range. Furthermore, the value of Debye temperature was estimated from temperaturemore » dependence of the isomer shift and the total spectral area and compared with the specific heat capacity data. Neither abnormal behavior of the hyperfine parameters at or near Tc, nor phonon softening were observed.« less

  18. Influence of piezoelectric strain on the Raman spectra of BiFeO3 films deposited on PMN-PT substrates

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Himcinschi, Cameliu; Guo, Er -Jia; Talkenberger, Andreas; Dorr, Kathrin; Kortus, Jens

    2016-01-27

    In this study, BiFeO3 epitaxial thin films were deposited on piezoelectric 0.72Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.28PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) substrates with a conductive buffer layer (La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 or SrRuO3) using pulsed laser deposition. The calibration of the strain values induced by the electric field applied on the piezoelectric PMN-PT substrates was realised using X-Ray diffraction measurements. The method of piezoelectrically induced strain allows to obtain a quantitative correlation between strain and the shift of the Raman-active phonons, ruling out the influence of extrinsic factors, such as growth conditions, crystalline quality of substrates, or film thickness. Using the Poisson number for BiFeO3 one can determine the volume changemore » induced by strain, and therefore the Gr neisen parameters for specific phonon modes.« less

  19. Magnetic interaction in oxygenated alpha Fe-phthalocyanines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzmann, Ern?, E-mail: kuzmann@caesar.elte.hu; Homonnay, Zoltn; Horvth, Attila [Institute of Chemistry, Etvs Lornd University, P.O. Box 32, 1512 Budapest (Hungary); Pechousek, Jiri; Cuda, Jan; Machala, Libor; Zoppellaro, Giorgio; Zboril, Radek [Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Departments of Experimental Physics and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science Palacky University, 17. Listopadu 1192/12, 771 46 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Yin, Houping; Wei, Yen [Department of Chemistry, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Klencsr, Zoltn [Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 1117 (Hungary); Kubuki, Shiro [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 1-1 Minami-Osawa, Hachi-Oji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan); Nath, Amar [Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina, Asheville, NC 28804 (United States)

    2014-10-27

    Alpha iron phthalocyanines (?-FePc) oxygenated at low temperatures were investigated with the help of {sup 57}Fe Mssbauer spectroscopy, magnetization measurements (SQUID) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD). Mssbauer spectroscopy revealed that upon oxygenation of ?-FePc, new species were formed which could be associated with Fe{sup III}Pc oxygen adducts. Unexpectedly, magnetically split spectrum of oxygenated ?-FePc was observed below 20 K. In-field Mssbauer spectra in a 5 T external magnetic field at 5K and magnetization measurements indicate antiferromagnetic coupling in oxygenated ?-FePc.

  20. FE Categorical Exclusions | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    FE Categorical Exclusions FE Categorical Exclusions RSS January 28, 2016 CX-200006: Categorical Exclusion Determination ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 2/4/2016 Location(s): Other Offices(s): Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Regulation January 28, 2016 CX-200005: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA) CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 1/28/2016 Location(s): Other Offices(s): Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Regulation January 28,

  1. Membrane separation advances in FE hydrogen program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-12-31

    Since its inception in Fiscal Year 2003 the US Office of Fossil Energy (FE) Hydrogen from Coal Program has sponsored more than 60 projects and made advances in the science of separating out pure hydrogen from syngas produced through coal gasification. The Program is focusing on advanced hydrogen separation technologies, which include membranes, and combining the WGS reaction and hydrogen separation in a single operation known as process intensification. The article explains the technologies and describes some key FE membrane projects. More details are available from http://www.fossil.energy.gov. 1 fig.

  2. Hopper OS upgrade and new SW set to default next Wed, Feb 27

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OS upgrade and new SW set to default next Wed, Feb 27 Hopper OS upgrade and new SW set to default next Wed, Feb 27 February 21, 2013 by Helen He 1) There will be a scheduled hardware and software maintenance for Hopper next Wednesday, February 27, from 7 am to 7 pm Pacific time. This is a major OS upgrade. Most applications are highly recommended to recompile (or at least relink) after the maintenance. C++ and PGAS applications are recommended to recompile and relink. Please plan your work

  3. U-107: Cisco NX-OS IP Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy 7: Cisco NX-OS IP Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service U-107: Cisco NX-OS IP Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service February 21, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Cisco NX-OS. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. PLATFORM: Nexus 1000v, 5000, and 7000 Series Switches ABSTRACT: A remote user can send a specially crafted IP packet to cause the target device to reload. reference LINKS: Cisco

  4. Phosphorescence quenching by mechanical stimulus in CaZnOS:Cu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tu, Dong; Kamimura, Sunao; Xu, Chao-Nan; Fujio, Yuki; Sakata, Yoshitaro; Ueno, Naohiro

    2014-07-07

    We have found that phosphorescence intensity of CaZnOS:Cu decreased visibly under an applied load. This mechanical quenching (MQ) of phosphorescence in CaZnOS:Cu corresponded to the mechanical stimuli. We have thus demonstrated that the MQ of CaZnOS:Cu could be used for visualizing stress distributions in practical applications. We propose that MQ arises from non-radiative recombination due to electron-transfer from trap levels to non-radiative centers as a result of the mechanical load.

  5. Regulation of brain copper homeostasis by the brain barrier systems: Effects of Fe-overload and Fe-deficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monnot, Andrew D.; Behl, Mamta; Ho, Sanna; Zheng, Wei

    2011-11-15

    Maintaining brain Cu homeostasis is vital for normal brain function. The role of systemic Fe deficiency (FeD) or overload (FeO) due to metabolic diseases or environmental insults in Cu homeostasis in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain tissues remains unknown. This study was designed to investigate how blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-SCF barrier (BCB) regulated Cu transport and how FeO or FeD altered brain Cu homeostasis. Rats received an Fe-enriched or Fe-depleted diet for 4 weeks. FeD and FeO treatment resulted in a significant increase (+ 55%) and decrease (- 56%) in CSF Cu levels (p < 0.05), respectively; however, neither treatment had any effect on CSF Fe levels. The FeD, but not FeO, led to significant increases in Cu levels in brain parenchyma and the choroid plexus. In situ brain perfusion studies demonstrated that the rate of Cu transport into the brain parenchyma was significantly faster in FeD rats (+ 92%) and significantly slower (- 53%) in FeO rats than in controls. In vitro two chamber Transwell transepithelial transport studies using primary choroidal epithelial cells revealed a predominant efflux of Cu from the CSF to blood compartment by the BCB. Further ventriculo-cisternal perfusion studies showed that Cu clearance by the choroid plexus in FeD animals was significantly greater than control (p < 0.05). Taken together, our results demonstrate that both the BBB and BCB contribute to maintain a stable Cu homeostasis in the brain and CSF. Cu appears to enter the brain primarily via the BBB and is subsequently removed from the CSF by the BCB. FeD has a more profound effect on brain Cu levels than FeO. FeD increases Cu transport at the brain barriers and prompts Cu overload in the CNS. The BCB plays a key role in removing the excess Cu from the CSF.

  6. Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY [FE Docket No. 10-161-LNG; FE Docket No.

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 107 / Wednesday, June 4, 2014 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY [FE Docket No. 10-161-LNG; FE Docket No. 11-59-LNG; FE Docket No. 11-128-LNG; et. al.] Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Perspective on Exporting Liquefied Natural Gas From the United States AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Perspective on Exporting Liquefied Natural Gas from the United States and request for comments. Freeport

  7. T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSLTLS Sessions T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSLTLS Sessions ...

  8. Ferromagnetism of Fe3Sn and alloys

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sales, Brian C.; Saparov, Bayrammurad; McGuire, Michael A.; Singh, David J.; Parker, David S.

    2014-11-12

    Hexagonal Fe3Sn has many of the desirable properties for a new permanent magnet phase with a Curie temperature of 725 K, a saturation moment of 1.18 MA/m. and anisotropy energy, K1 of 1.8 MJ/m3. However, contrary to earlier experimental reports, we found both experimentally and theoretically that the easy magnetic axis lies in the hexagonal plane, which is undesirable for a permanent magnet material. One possibility for changing the easy axis direction is through alloying. We used first principles calculations to investigate the effect of elemental substitutions. The calculations showed that substitution on the Sn site has the potential tomore » switch the easy axis direction. Transition metal substitutions with Co or Mn do not have this effect. We attempted synthesis of a number of these alloys and found results in accord with the theoretical predictions for those that were formed. However, the alloys that could be readily made all showed an in-plane easy axis. The electronic structure of Fe3Sn is reported, as are some are magnetic and structural properties for the Fe3Sn2, and Fe5Sn3 compounds, which could be prepared as mm-sized single crystals.« less

  9. NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2006 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the March 29, 2006 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Presentation DOE/LANL, Progress and Alternatives for Closure of MDA-L and MDA-G in the Corrective Measures Evaluation, Jim Orban, Dave McInroy

  10. NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2005 Santa Fe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the November 30, 2005 Board meeting at Santa Fe Community College Presentation EPA, Impacts of Well Construction Practices on Los Alamos National Laboratory Presentation LANL, Pathways Protection Program-Environmental Stewardship Division on Groundwater Monitoring Issues at LANL, Jean Dewart

  11. Compressibility of Ir-Os alloys under high pressure (Journal Article) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Compressibility of Ir-Os alloys under high pressure Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Compressibility of Ir-Os alloys under high pressure Authors: Yusenko, Kirill V. [1] ; Bykova, Elena [2] ; Bykov, Maxim [2] ; Gromilov, Sergey A. [3] ; Kurnosov, Alexander V. [2] ; Prescher, Clemens [4] ; Prakapenka, Vitali B. [4] ; Hanfland, Michael [5] ; van Smaalen, Sander [2] ; Margadonna, Serena [1] ; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S. [2] + Show Author Affiliations Univ. of Oslo, Oslo

  12. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT - GULF LNG LIQUEFACTION COMPANY, LLC - FE...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    GULF LNG LIQUEFACTION COMPANY, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-47-LNG - ORDER 3104 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT - GULF LNG LIQUEFACTION COMPANY, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-47-LNG - ORDER 3104 PDF icon ...

  13. Structural Insights into FeMo Cofactor Biosynthesis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a catalytic component and a specific reductase, which, in the standard system, are referred to as the MoFe protein and the Fe protein. At the active site of the...

  14. Santa Fe Chamber of Commerce Business Awards Gala

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Santa Fe Chamber of Commerce Business Awards Gala Santa Fe Chamber of Commerce Business Awards Gala WHEN: Jun 04, 2015 5:30 PM - 7:30 PM WHERE: Skylight 139 West San Francisco...

  15. Santa Fe, New Mexico: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Santa Fe is a city in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. It falls under New Mexico's 3rd congressional district.12 Registered Energy...

  16. AgFe Management Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AgFe Management Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: AgFe Management Ltd Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: W11 1QF Product: London-based, Financial Asset Management and...

  17. 2011 Annual Planning Summary for Fossil Energy (FE)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2011 and 2012 within Fossil Energy (FE).

  18. NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2010 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    0 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2010 Santa Fe At This Meeting: NNMCAB Written Reports Open Forum for Members Presentation LANL, Status of Corrective Actions, Dave McInroy Presentation DOE, Natural Resource Damage Assessment, Nancy Werdel PDF icon Board Minutes - January 27, 2010 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2009 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2011 Los Alamos NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2009 Santa Fe

  19. NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2009 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    9 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2009 Santa Fe At This Meeting: NNMCAB Written Reports Consideration and Action on NNMCAB Annual Evaluation Report LANS End of Year Report Presentation LANL, Groundwater Monitoring System, Danny Katzman Presentation NNMCAB, Remote Handled 33 Shafts at Area G, Robert Villarreal PDF icon Board Minutes - November 18, 2009 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2010 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2009 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board

  20. Multiferroicity and spiral magnetism in FeVO{sub 4} with quenched Fe orbital moments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daoud-Aladine, A.; Chapon, L. C.; Kundys, B.; Martin, C.; Simon, C.; Radaelli, P. G.; Brown, P. J.

    2009-12-01

    FeVO{sub 4} has been studied by heat capacity, magnetic susceptibility, electric polarization and single-crystal neutron-diffraction experiments. The triclinic crystal structure is made of S-shaped clusters of six Fe{sup 3+} ions, linked by VO{sub 4}{sup 3-} groups. Two long-range magnetic ordering transitions occur at T{sub N1}=22 K and T{sub N2}=15 K. Both magnetic structures are incommensurate and below T{sub N2}, FeVO{sub 4} becomes weakly ferroelectric coincidentally with the loss of the collinearity of the magnetic structure in a very similar fashion than in the classical TbMnO{sub 3} multiferroic material. However we argue that the symmetry considerations and the mechanisms invoked to explain these properties in TbMnO{sub 3} do not straightforwardly apply to FeVO{sub 4}. First, the magnetic structures, even the collinear structure, are all acentric so that ferroelectricity in FeVO{sub 4} is not correlated with the fact magnetic ordering is breaking inversion symmetry. Regarding the mechanism, FeVO{sub 4} has quenched orbital moments that questions the exact role of the spin-orbit interactions.

  1. Corrosion performance of Fe-Cr-Al and Fe aluminide alloys in complex gas environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natesan, K.; Johnson, R.N.

    1995-05-01

    Alumina-forming structural alloys can offer superior resistance to corrosion in the presence of sulfur-containing environments, which are prevalent in coal-fired fossil energy systems. Further, Fe aluminides are being developed for use as structural materials and/or cladding alloys in these systems. Extensive development has been in progress on Fe{sub 3}Al-based alloys to improve their engineering ductility. In addition, surface coatings of Fe aluminide are being developed to impart corrosion resistance to structural alloys. This paper describes results from an ongoing program that is evaluating the corrosion performance of alumina-forming structural alloys, Fe-Al and Fe aluminide bulk alloys, and Fe aluminide coatings in environments typical of coal-gasification and combustion atmospheres. Experiments were conducted at 650-1000{degrees}C in simulated oxygen/sulfur gas mixtures. Other aspects of the program are corrosion evaluation of the aluminides in the presence of HCl-containing gases. Results are used to establish threshold Al levels in the alloys for development of protective alumina scales and to determine the modes of corrosion degradation that occur in the materials when they are exposed to S/Cl-containing gaseous environments.

  2. Interface characterization of epitaxial Fe/MgO/Fe magnetic tunnel junctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Shouguo; Ward, R. C. C.; Zhang, Xiaoguang; Kohn, A.; Ma, Q. L.; Zhang, J.; Liu, H. F.; Han, Prof. X. F.

    2012-01-01

    Following predictions by first-principles theory of huge tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) effect in epitaxial Fe/MgO/Fe magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs), measured magnetoresistance (MR) ratio about 200% at room temperature (RT) have been reported in MgO-based epitaxial MTJs. Recently, MR ratio of about 600% has been reported at RT in MgO-based amorphous MTJs with core structure of CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB grown by magnetron sputtering with amorphous CoFeB layers. The sputtered CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB MTJs shows a great potential application in spintronic devices. Although epitaxial structure will probably not be used in devices, it remains an excellent model system to compare theoretical calculations with experimental results and to enhance our understanding of the spin dependent tunneling. Both theoretical calculations and experimental results clearly indicate that the interfacial structure plays a crucial role on coherent tunneling across single crystalMgO barrier, especially in epitaxial MgO-based MTJs grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Surface X-ray diffraction, Auger electron spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectra, and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism have been used for interface characterization. However, no consistent viewpoint has been reached, and this is still an open issue. In this article, recent studies on the interface characterization in MgO-based epitaxial MTJs will be introduced, with a focus on research by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and spin dependent tunneling spectroscopy.

  3. Comprehensive Fe-ligand vibration identification in {FeNO}6 Hemes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, Jianfeng; Peng, Qian; Oliver, Allen G.; Alp, E. Ercan; Hu, Michael Y.; Zhao, Jiyong; Sage, J. Timothy; Scheidt, W. Robert

    2014-12-09

    Oriented single-crystal nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy (NRVS) has been used to obtain all iron vibrations in two {FeNO}6 porphyrinate complexes, five-coordinate [Fe(OEP)(NO)]ClO4 and six-coordinate [Fe(OEP)(2-MeHIm)(NO)]ClO4. A new crystal structure was required for measurements of [Fe(OEP)(2-MeHIm)(NO)]ClO4, and the new structure is reported herein. Single crystals of both complexes were oriented to be either parallel or perpendicular to the porphyrin plane and/or axial imidazole ligand plane. Thus, the FeNO bending and stretching modes can now be unambiguously assigned; the pattern of shifts in frequency as a function of coordination number can also be determined. The pattern is quite distinct from those foundmore » for CO or {FeNO}7 heme species. This is the result of unchanging Fe–NNO bonding interactions in the {FeNO}6 species, in distinct contrast to the other diatomic ligand species. DFT calculations were also used to obtain detailed predictions of vibrational modes. Predictions were consistent with the intensity and character found in the experimental spectra. The NRVS data allow the assignment and observation of the challenging to obtain Fe–Im stretch in six-coordinate heme derivatives. Furthermore, NRVS data for this and related six-coordinate hemes with the diatomic ligands CO, NO, and O2 reveal a strong correlation between the Fe–Im stretch and Fe–NIm bond distance that is detailed for the first time.« less

  4. Fe-implanted 6H-SiC: Direct evidence of Fe{sub 3}Si nanoparticles observed by atom probe tomography and {sup 57}Fe Mssbauer spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diallo, M. L.; Fnidiki, A. Lard, R.; Cuvilly, F.; Blum, I.; Lechevallier, L.; Debelle, A.; Thom, L.; Viret, M.; Marteau, M.; Eyidi, D.; Declmy, A.

    2015-05-14

    In order to understand ferromagnetic ordering in SiC-based diluted magnetic semiconductors, Fe-implanted 6H-SiC subsequently annealed was studied by Atom Probe Tomography, {sup 57}Fe Mssbauer spectroscopy and SQUID magnetometry. Thanks to its 3D imaging capabilities at the atomic scale, Atom Probe Tomography appears as the most suitable technique to investigate the Fe distribution in the 6H-SiC host semiconductor and to evidence secondary phases. This study definitely evidences the formation of Fe{sub 3}Si nano-sized clusters after annealing. These clusters are unambiguously responsible for the main part of the magnetic properties observed in the annealed samples.

  5. fe0013902-groundmetrics | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Evaluation of Deep Subsurface Resistivity Imaging for Hydrofracture Monitoring Last Reviewed 12/2/2015 DE-FE0013902 Goal The goal of this project is to quantify how well an in-situ measurement of bulk electrical resistivity using the new method of Depth to Surface Electromagnetic (DSEM) imaging can be related to the changes in rock properties and fluid propagation that occur as a result of hydraulic fracturing. Performer GroundMetrics, Inc. (GMI), San Diego, CA, 92123 Collaborators Global

  6. fe0014144-Oceanit | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES "Nanite" for Better Well-Bore Integrity and Zonal Isolation Last Reviewed 12/2/2015 DE-FE0014144 Goal The project goal is to demonstrate how real-time sensing of Nanite(tm) can improve long-term wellbore integrity and zonal isolation in shale gas and applicable oil and gas operations. Nanite is a cementitious material that contains a proprietary formulation of functionalized nanomaterial additive to transform conventional cement into a smart

  7. fe0022898-usgs | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alaska Natural Gas Hydrate Production Testing: Test Site Selection, Characterization, and Testing Operations Last Reviewed 6/30/2015 DE-FE0022898 Goal The primary goal of this project is to provide geologic and geophysical technical support to identify and characterize gas hydrate production test sites on the Alaska North Slope. Performer U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) - Denver, CO Background This Interagency Agreement is intended to support the DOE and its research partners in understanding,

  8. fe0024271-utaustin | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fracture Diagnostics Using Low Frequency Electromagnetic Induction and Electrically Conductive Proppants Last Reviewed 12/4/15 DE-FE0024271 Goal The project goal is to develop a new Low Frequency Electromagnetic Induction method, which has the potential to estimate not only the propped length, height, and orientation of hydraulic fractures but also the vertical distribution of proppant within the fracture. The proposed low frequency electromagnetic induction tool can be used to detect far-field

  9. fe0024292-gti | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Resources - Field Labs Hydraulic Fracturing Test Site (HFTS) Last Reviewed 12/3/2015 DE-FE0024292 Goal This project is to conduct a field-based hydraulic fracturing research program for horizontal shale wells with the objectives of reducing and minimizing potential environmental impacts, demonstrating safe and reliable operations, and improving the efficiency of hydraulic fracturing. The research will advance our understanding of the hydraulic fracturing process in shale reservoirs, and thus,

  10. fe0024293-geglobal | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    nXis Well Integrity Inspection in Unconventional Wells Last Reviewed November 30, 2015 DE-FE0024293 Goal The goal of this project is to develop a novel well-integrity inspection system capable of providing enhanced information about the flaw structure and topology of conventional and unconventional gas-filled wells. This will be achieved by developing a novel combined X-ray/neutron backscatter imaging device, suitably sized for operation in well bores. Performers GE Global Inc., Niskayuna, NY

  11. fe0024296-msu | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Resources Methods to Enhance Wellbore Cement Integrity with Microbially-Induced Calcite Precipitation (MICP) Last Reviewed 12/1/2015 DE-FE0024296 Goal The goal of this project is to develop improved methods for sealing compromised wellbore cement in leaking natural gas and oil wells, thereby reducing the risk of unwanted upward gas migration. Integrated laboratory testing, simulation modeling, and field testing will be conducted to achieve this goal. Performer Montana State University (MSU),

  12. fe0024297-WVU | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Resources - Field Laboratories Marcellus Shale Energy and Environment Laboratory (MSEEL) Last Reviewed December 2015 DE-FE0024297 Goal The goal of the Marcellus Shale Energy and Environment Laboratory (MSEEL) is to provide a long-term field site to develop and validate new knowledge and technology to improve recovery efficiency and minimize environmental implications of unconventional resource development. Performer West Virginia University, Northeast Natural Energy and Ohio State University

  13. fe0024311-ttu | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Maximize Liquid Oil Production from Shale Oil and Gas Condensate Reservoirs by Cyclic Gas Injection Last Reviewed 12/4/2015 DE-FE0024311 Goal The project goal is to evaluate the oil recovery potential of cyclic gas injection. Detailed project objectives include: Studying the dominant mechanisms of gas injection in shale reservoirs (e.g., pressure maintenance or miscibility) Finding the most effective mode of gas injection in shale oil and gas condensate reservoirs (e.g., gas flooding or

  14. fe0024357-osu | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Resources - Field Labs Utica Shale Energy and Environment Laboratory (USEEL) Last Reviewed 9/9/2015 DE-FE0024357 Goal The goal of this project is to develop and maintain a field research facility in the heart of the Utica Shale play that will provide a platform for environmental and geotechnical studies before, during, and after unconventional oil and gas (UOG) development. Performers The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia The Wilds,

  15. FE Clean Coal News | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Clean Coal News FE Clean Coal News RSS December 2, 2015 DOE Selects Projects To Enhance Its Research into Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Coal and Coal Byproducts The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has selected 10 projects to receive funding for research in support of the lab's program on Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Coal and Coal Byproducts. The selected research projects will further program goals by focusing on the development of

  16. FE Petroleum Reserves News | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Petroleum Reserves News FE Petroleum Reserves News RSS April 9, 2015 Contracts Awarded to Repurchase Oil for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve The U. S. Department of Energy announced the award of contracts for delivery of crude oil to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. BP Products North America, Inc., will deliver 2,197,500 barrels and Noble Americas will deliver 2,000,000 barrels to the Reserve's Bryan Mound site in Freeport, Texas. Deliveries are expected to be completed by July 31, 2015.

  17. FE0001175_PTTC | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Targeted Technology Transfer for Oil and Natural Gas Last Reviewed 12/8/2014 DE-FE0001175 Goal The goal of this project is to conduct an encompassing suite of oil and natural gas related technology and information transfer activities that provide insight to producers and other stakeholders in a concise, meaningful format that encourages them to make timely and informed technical and business decisions. Performer Petroleum Technology Transfer Council,(PTTC), Tulsa, OK Collaborators Eastern: West

  18. FE0005961_UIllinois | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RVA: 3-D Visualization and Analysis Software to Support Management of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources Last Reviewed 12/2/2015 DE-FE0005961 Goal This project will produce a state-of-the-art 3-D visualization and analysis software package targeted for improving development of oil and gas resources. The software [RVA (Reservoir Visualization and Analysis)] will display data, models, and reservoir simulation results and have the ability to jointly visualize and query data from geologic models

  19. FE00880_RBDMS | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Risk Based Data Management System (RBDMS) and Cost Effective Regulatory Approaches (CERA) Related to Hydraulic Fracturing and Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Last Reviewed 11/30/2015 DE-FE0000880 Goal The goal of this project is to enhance the RBDMS by adding new components relevant to environmental topics associated with hydraulic fracturing (HF), and by management of myriad data regarding oil and natural gas well histories, brine disposal, production, enhanced recovery,

  20. International science conferences in Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    International science conferences International science conferences in Santa Fe The conference are 2012 International Conference on Defects in Insulating Materials and Computer Simulation of Radiation Effects in Solids. June 22, 2012 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los

  1. La Fonda on the Plaza --- Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    La Fonda on the Plaza --- Santa Fe March 8 to 11, 2015 Quantum and Dirac Materials for Energy Applications Conference Welcome to the Quantum and Dirac Materials for Energy Applications Conference (QDM-15). This conference follows the Competing Orders in Functional Materials and their Applications Workshop, which was held at Nordita in Stockholm, Sweden in June of 2013. The Quantum and Dirac Materials for Energy Applications Conference is hosted by the Institute for Materials Science (IMS) at Los

  2. The Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) Clean

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program (1986-1993) laid the foundation for effective technologies now in use that have helped significantly lower emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and airborne particulates (PM 10 ). The program forged cost-sharing partnerships between the U.S. Department of Energy, industry, universities and technology suppliers and users. The U.S. General Accounting Office said the program demonstrated "how the

  3. FE Speeches and Testimony | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Speeches and Testimony FE Speeches and Testimony RSS March 25, 2014 DOE's Program Regulating Liquefied Natural Gas Export Applications Statement of Paula Gant, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Oil and Natural Gas, Before the House Subcommittee on Energy and Power, Committee on Energy and Commerce March 25, 2014 FY 2015 Appropriations Hearing Statement by Christopher Smith, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy before the House Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and

  4. Ultra-high-performance coreshell structured Ru@Pt/C catalyst prepared by a facile pulse electrochemical deposition method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Dan; Li, Yuexia; Liao, Shijun; Su, Dong; Song, Huiyu; Li, Yingwei; Yang, Lijun; Li, Can

    2015-08-03

    Coreshell structured catalysts, made by placing either a monolayer or a thin layer of a noble metal on relatively cheap core-metal nanoparticles, are fascinating and promising fuel cell catalysts due to their high utilization of noble metals. Here, we report our development of a coreshell structured catalyst, Ru@Pt/C, generated by a novel and facile pulse electrochemical deposition (PED) approach. We demonstrate that compared with a commercial Pt/C catalyst, this novel catalyst achieves over four times higher mass activity towards the anodic oxidation of methanol, and 3.6 times higher mass activity towards the cathodic reduction of oxygen. Importantly, we find that the intrinsic activity of Pt in this Ru@Pt/C catalyst is doubled due to the formation of the coreshell structure. The catalyst also shows superior stability: even after 2000 scans, it still retains up to 90% of the peak current. As a result, our findings demonstrate that this novel PED approach is a promising method for preparing high-performance coreshell catalysts for fuel cell applications.

  5. Ultra-high-performance core–shell structured Ru@Pt/C catalyst prepared by a facile pulse electrochemical deposition method

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Dan; Li, Yuexia; Liao, Shijun; Su, Dong; Song, Huiyu; Li, Yingwei; Yang, Lijun; Li, Can

    2015-08-03

    Core–shell structured catalysts, made by placing either a monolayer or a thin layer of a noble metal on relatively cheap core-metal nanoparticles, are fascinating and promising fuel cell catalysts due to their high utilization of noble metals. Here, we report our development of a core–shell structured catalyst, Ru@Pt/C, generated by a novel and facile pulse electrochemical deposition (PED) approach. We demonstrate that compared with a commercial Pt/C catalyst, this novel catalyst achieves over four times higher mass activity towards the anodic oxidation of methanol, and 3.6 times higher mass activity towards the cathodic reduction of oxygen. Importantly, we find thatmore » the intrinsic activity of Pt in this Ru@Pt/C catalyst is doubled due to the formation of the core–shell structure. The catalyst also shows superior stability: even after 2000 scans, it still retains up to 90% of the peak current. As a result, our findings demonstrate that this novel PED approach is a promising method for preparing high-performance core–shell catalysts for fuel cell applications.« less

  6. Structural characterisation of BaTiO{sub 3} thin films deposited on SrRuO{sub 3}/YSZ buffered silicon substrates and silicon microcantilevers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colder, H.; Jorel, C. Mchin, L.; Domengs, B.; Marie, P.; Boisserie, M.; Guillon, S.; Nicu, L.; Galdi, A.

    2014-02-07

    We report on the progress towards an all epitaxial oxide layer technology on silicon substrates for epitaxial piezoelectric microelectromechanical systems. (101)-oriented epitaxial tetragonal BaTiO{sub 3} (BTO) thin films were deposited at two different oxygen pressures, 5.10{sup ?2} mbar and 5.10{sup ?3} mbar, on SrRuO{sub 3}/Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) buffered silicon substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The YSZ layer full (001) orientation allowed the further growth of a fully (110)-oriented conductive SrRuO{sub 3} electrode as shown by X-ray diffraction. The tetragonal structure of the BTO films, which is a prerequisite for the piezoelectric effect, was identified by Raman spectroscopy. In the BTO film deposited at 5.10{sup ?2} mbar strain was mostly localized inside the BTO grains whereas at 5.10{sup ?3} mbar, it was localized at the grain boundaries. The BTO/SRO/YSZ layers were finally deposited on Si microcantilevers at an O{sub 2} pressure of 5.10{sup ?3} mbar. The strain level was low enough to evaluate the BTO Young modulus. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to investigate the epitaxial quality of the layers and their epitaxial relationship on plain silicon wafers as well as on released microcantilevers, thanks to Focused-Ion-Beam TEM lamella preparation.

  7. K{sub 2}NaOsO{sub 5.5} and K{sub 3}NaOs{sub 2}O{sub 9}: The first osmium perovskites containing alkali cations at the 'A' site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mogare, Kailash M.; Klein, Wilhelm; Jansen, Martin

    2012-07-15

    K{sub 2}NaOsO{sub 5.5} and K{sub 3}NaOs{sub 2}O{sub 9} were obtained from solid-state reactions of potassium superoxide, sodium peroxide and osmium metal at elevated oxygen pressures. K{sub 2}NaOsO{sub 5.5} crystallizes as an oxygen-deficient cubic double perovskite in space group Fm3{sup Macron }m with a=8.4184(5) A and contains isolated OsO{sub 6} octahedra. K{sub 3}NaOs{sub 2}O{sub 9} crystallizes hexagonally in P6{sub 3}/mmc with a=5.9998(4) A and c=14.3053(14) A. K{sub 3}NaOs{sub 2}O{sub 9} consists of face sharing Os{sub 2}O{sub 9} pairs of octahedra. According to magnetic measurements K{sub 2}NaOsO{sub 5.5} is diamagnetic, whereas K{sub 3}NaOs{sub 2}O{sub 9} displays strong antiferromagnetic coupling (T{sub N}=140 K), indicating enhanced magnetic interactions within the octahedral pair. - Graphical abstract: High oxidation states of Os, obtained by high oxygen pressure synthesis, are accommodated in double and triple perovskite matrices. K{sub 3}NaOs{sub 2}O{sub 9} displays enhanced magnetic interactions. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New osmates containing highly oxidized Os were obtained by high O{sub 2} pressure synthesis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High oxidation states of Os are accommodated in double and triple perovskite matrices. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both compounds represent the first Os perovskites with an alkali metal at the A site. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer K{sub 3}NaOs{sub 2}O{sub 9} displays enhanced magnetic interactions within the octahedral pair.

  8. VERY LATE PHOTOMETRY OF SN 2011fe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerzendorf, W. E. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 Saint George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Taubenberger, S.; Seitenzahl, I. R.; Ruiter, A. J., E-mail: wkerzendorf@gmail.com [Max-Planck-Institut fr Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strae 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2014-12-01

    The Type Ia supernova SN 2011fe is one of the closest supernovae of the past decades. Due to its proximity and low dust extinction, this object provides a very rare opportunity to study the extremely late time evolution (>900 days) of thermonuclear supernovae. In this Letter, we present our photometric data of SN 2011fe taken at an unprecedented late epoch of ?930 days with GMOS-N mounted on the Gemini North telescope (g=23.43 0.28, r=24.14 0.14, i=23.91 0.18, and z=23.90 0.17) to study the energy production and retention in the ejecta of SN 2011fe. Together with previous measurements by other groups, our result suggests that the optical supernova light curve can still be explained by the full thermalization of the decay positrons of {sup 56}Co. This is in spite of theoretical predicted effects (e.g., infrared catastrophe, positron escape, and dust) that advocate a substantial energy redistribution and/or loss via various processes that result in a more rapid dimming at these very late epochs.

  9. 57Fe Mössbauer study of Lu2Fe3Si5 iron silicide superconductor

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ma, Xiaoming; Ran, Sheng; Pang, Hua; Li, Fashen; Canfield, Paul C.; Bud'ko, Sergey L.

    2015-03-28

    With the advent of Fe–As based superconductivity it has become important to study how superconductivity manifests itself in details of 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy of conventional, Fe-bearing superconductors. The iron-based superconductor Lu2Fe3Si5 has been studied by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy over the temperature range from 4.4 K to room temperature with particular attention to the region close to the superconducting transition temperature (Tc=6.1 K). Furthermore, consistent with the two crystallographic sites for Fe in this structure, the observed spectra appear to have a pattern consisting of two doublets over the whole temperature range. The value of Debye temperature was estimated from temperaturemore » dependence of the isomer shift and the total spectral area and compared with the specific heat capacity data. As a result, neither abnormal behavior of the hyperfine parameters at or near Tc, nor phonon softening were observed.« less

  10. Incorporation of oxidized uranium into Fe (hydr)oxides during Fe(II) catalyzed remineralization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nico, Peter S.; Stewart, Brandy D.; Fendorf, Scott

    2009-07-01

    The form of solid phase U after Fe(II) induced anaerobic remineralization of ferrihydrite in the presence of aqueous and absorbed U(VI) was investigated under both abiotic batch and biotic flow conditions. Experiments were conducted with synthetic ground waters containing 0.168 mM U(VI), 3.8 mM carbonate, and 3.0 mM Ca{sup 2+}. In spite of the high solubility of U(VI) under these conditions, appreciable removal of U(VI) from solution was observed in both the abiotic and biotic systems. The majority of the removed U was determined to be substituted as oxidized U (U(VI) or U(V)) into the octahedral position of the goethite and magnetite formed during ferrihydrite remineralization. It is estimated that between 3% and 6% of octahedral Fe(III) centers in the new Fe minerals were occupied by U(VI). This site specific substitution is distinct from the non-specific U co-precipitation processes in which uranyl compounds, e.g. uranyl hydroxide or carbonate, are entrapped with newly formed Fe oxides. The prevalence of site specific U incorporation under both abiotic and biotic conditions and the fact that the produced solids were shown to be resistant to both extraction (30 mM KHCO{sub 3}) and oxidation (air for 5 days) suggest the potential importance of sequestration in Fe oxides as a stable and immobile form of U in the environment.

  11. HPC Colony II: FAST_OS II: Operating Systems and Runtime Systems at Extreme

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scale (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect HPC Colony II: FAST_OS II: Operating Systems and Runtime Systems at Extreme Scale Citation Details In-Document Search Title: HPC Colony II: FAST_OS II: Operating Systems and Runtime Systems at Extreme Scale HPC Colony II has been a 36-month project focused on providing portable performance for leadership class machines-a task made difficult by the emerging variety of more complex computer architectures. The project attempts to move the burden of

  12. HPC Colony II: FAST_OS II: Operating Systems and Runtime Systems at Extreme

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scale (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect HPC Colony II: FAST_OS II: Operating Systems and Runtime Systems at Extreme Scale Citation Details In-Document Search Title: HPC Colony II: FAST_OS II: Operating Systems and Runtime Systems at Extreme Scale × You are accessing a document from the Department of Energy's (DOE) SciTech Connect. This site is a product of DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and is provided as a public service. Visit OSTI to utilize additional

  13. Neutron physics of the Re/Os clock. I. Measurement of the (n,gamma) cross sections of {sup 186,187,188}Os at the CERN n{sub T}OF facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosconi, M.; Kaeppeler, F.; Audouin, L.; Dillmann, I.; Heil, M.; Plag, R.; Voss, F.; Walter, S.; Wisshak, K.; Fujii, K.; Abbondanno, U.; Belloni, F.; Milazzo, P. M.; Moreau, C.; Mengoni, A.; Domingo-Pardo, C.; Aerts, G.; Andriamonje, S.; Berthoumieux, E.; Dridi, W.

    2010-07-15

    The precise determination of the neutron capture cross sections of {sup 186}Os and {sup 187}Os is important to define the s-process abundance of {sup 187}Os at the formation of the solar system. This quantity can be used to evaluate the radiogenic component of the abundance of {sup 187}Os due to the decay of the unstable {sup 187}Re (t{sub 1/2}=41.2 Gyr) and from this to infer the time duration of the nucleosynthesis in our galaxy (Re/Os cosmochronometer). The neutron capture cross sections of {sup 186}Os, {sup 187}Os, and {sup 188}Os have been measured at the CERN n{sub T}OF facility from 1 eV to 1 MeV, covering the entire energy range of astrophysical interest. The measurement has been performed by time-of-flight technique using isotopically enriched samples and two C{sub 6}D{sub 6} scintillation detectors for recording the prompt gamma rays emitted in the capture events. Maxwellian averaged capture cross sections have been determined for thermal energies between kT=5 and 100 keV corresponding to all possible s-process scenarios. The estimated uncertainties for the values at 30 keV are 4.1, 3.3, and 4.7% for {sup 186}Os, {sup 187}Os, and {sup 188}Os, respectively.

  14. Proteome of Geobacter sulfurreducens grown with Fe(III) oxide or Fe(III) citrate as the electron acceptor.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding, Y-H R.; Hixson, Kim K.; Aklujkar, Ma; Lipton, Mary S.; Smith, Richard D.; Lovley, Derek R.; Mester, Tunde

    2008-12-01

    e(III) oxides are the most abundant source of reducible Fe(III) by microorganisms in most soils and sediments, yet few studies on the physiology of Fe(III)-reducing microorganisms during growth on Fe(III) oxide have been conducted because of the technical difficulties in working with cell growth and harvest in the presence of Fe(III) oxides. Geobacter sulfurreducens is a representative of the Geobacter species that predominate in a variety of subsurface environments in which Fe(III) oxide is important. In order to better understand the physiology of Geobacter species during growth on Fe(III) oxide, the proteome of G. sulfurreducens grown on Fe(III) oxide was compared with the proteome of cells grown with soluble Fe(III) citrate. Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) revealed 19 proteins that were more abundant during growth on Fe(III) oxide than on soluble Fe(III). These included proteins related to protein synthesis, electron transfer and energy production, oxidative stress, protein folding, outer membrane proteins, nitrogen metabolism and hypothetical proteins. Further analysis of the proteome with the accurate mass and time (AMT) tag method revealed additional proteins associated with growth on Fe(III) oxide. These included the outer-membrane c-type cytochrome, OmcS and OmcG, which genetic studies have suggested are required for Fe(III) oxide reduction. Furthermore, several other cytochromes, as yet unstudied, were detected to be significantly up regulated during growth on Fe(III) oxide and other proteins of unknown function were more abundant during growth on Fe(III) oxide than on soluble Fe(III). PilA, the structural protein for pili, which is required for Fe(III) oxide reduction, and other pilin-associated proteins were also more abundant during growth on Fe(III) oxide. Confirmation of the differential expression of proteins known to be important in Fe(III) oxide reduction was observed, and an additional number of previously unidentified proteins were found with significant abundance in the cells grown under conditions of Fe(III) oxide reduction.

  15. On the transition rates of the Fe X and Fe XIV corona lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trabert, E

    2003-11-20

    Despite a considerable scatter of the theoretical predictions of the M1/E2 transition rate of the ''red iron line'' (FeX) in the solar corona, there is disagreement of all the results with the single measurement that used an electrostatic ion trap. Employing a heavy-ion storage ring for measuring the same transition in isoelectronic ions of Co, Ni, and Cu, the situation has been clarified, and a new data point for FeX can be determined by extrapolation. This result agrees with the basic atomic structure prediction for the line strength in combination with the experimental transition energy. For the ''green iron line'' (FeXIV), a recent measurement with an electron beam ion trap has resolved similar discrepancies.

  16. Interfacial electronic transport phenomena in single crystalline Fe-MgO-Fe thin barrier junctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gangineni, R. B.; Negulescu, B.; Baraduc, C.; Gaudin, G.

    2014-05-05

    Spin filtering effects in nano-pillars of Fe-MgO-Fe single crystalline magnetic tunnel junctions are explored with two different sample architectures and thin MgO barriers (thickness: 3–8 monolayers). The two architectures, with different growth and annealing conditions of the bottom electrode, allow tuning the quality of the bottom Fe/MgO interface. As a result, an interfacial resonance states (IRS) is observed or not depending on this interface quality. The IRS contribution, observed by spin polarized tunnel spectroscopy, is analyzed as a function of the MgO barrier thickness. Our experimental findings agree with theoretical predictions concerning the symmetry of the low energy (0.2 eV) interfacial resonance states: a mixture of Δ{sub 1}-like and Δ{sub 5}-like symmetries.

  17. Stellar and laboratory XUV/EUV line ratios in Fe XVIII and Fe XIX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Traebert, E.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Clementson, J.

    2012-05-25

    A so-called XUV excess has been suspected with the relative fluxes of Fe XVIII and Fe XIX lines observed in the XUV and EUV ranges of the spectrum of the star Capella as observed by the Chandra spacecraft, even after correction for interstellar absorption. This excess becomes apparent in the comparison of the observations with simulations of stellar spectra obtained using collisional-radiative models that employ, for example, the Atomic Plasma Emission Code (APEC) or the Flexible Atomic Code (FAC). We have addressed this problem by laboratory studies using the Livermore electron beam ion trap (EBIT).

  18. U-121: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ID: 1026774 Apple Security Updates About the security content of iOS 5.1 Software Update CVE-2012-0641, CVE-2012-0642, CVE-2012-0643, CVE-2011-3453, CVE-2012-0644, CVE-2012-0585,...

  19. Lifetimes of the first excited 2{sup +} states in {sup 176,178,180}Os

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moeller, O.; Melon, B.; Dewald, A.; Fitzler, A.; Jolie, J.; Christen, S.; Saha, B.; Zell, K.O.; Heidemann, M.; Petkov, P.; Tonev, D.

    2005-09-01

    By use of the pulsed-beam technique, the lifetimes of the first excited 2{sup +} states in {sup 176,178}Os were measured for the first time and the lifetime of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} state in {sup 180}Os was determined to a greater accuracy. In addition, for {sup 178}Os, a recoil-distance Doppler-shift experiment and an experiment to measure the nuclear deorientation effect that is due to the hyperfine interactions were also performed. The results obtained from this measurement are consistent with the lifetime value extracted by means of the pulsed-beam experiment. As well, the lifetimes of two I{sup {pi}}=7{sup -} isomers in {sup 180}Os were determined more accurately. Together with previously published data for the even-even osmium isotopes, the newly determined B(E2,2{sub 1}{sup +}{yields}0{sub 1}{sup +}) transition strengths show a maximum value at the N=104 midshell. This maximum corresponds to the simple expectation of the N{sub {pi}}N{sub {nu}} rule of the interacting boson approximation (IBA) but remains to be explained by microscopic models.

  20. Business_Practice_Standards_Draft_WEB_OS_06-11-15

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Consolidation (API 5.d R09015) Business Practice Standards Draft WEQ OS Marie Pompel - June 2015 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Timeline API 5.d -...

  1. T-634: Apple Mac OS X MacDefender Fake Antivirus Malicious Software

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Apple Mac OS X users could infect their systems after visiting a malicious web page. Reports suggest that the Apple Safari web browser could allow automatic download and execution of the JavaScript-based malware because of an incorrectly set security option in Safari.

  2. [?/Fe]ABUNDANCES OF FOUR OUTER M31 HALO STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vargas, Luis C.; Geha, Marla; Tollerud, Erik J. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, 260 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Gilbert, Karoline M. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Kirby, Evan N. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, MC 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Guhathakurta, Puragra, E-mail: luis.vargas@yale.edu [UCO/Lick Observatory and Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

    2014-12-10

    We present alpha element to iron abundance ratios, [?/Fe], for four stars in the outer stellar halo of the Andromeda Galaxy (M31). The stars were identified as high-likelihood field halo stars by Gilbert et al. and lie at projected distances between 70 and 140 kpc from M31's center. These are the first alpha abundances measured for a halo star in a galaxy beyond the Milky Way. The stars range in metallicity between [Fe/H] = 2.2 and [Fe/H] = 1.4. The sample's average [?/Fe] ratio is +0.20 0.20. The best-fit average value is elevated above solar, which is consistent with rapid chemical enrichment from Type II supernovae. The mean [?/Fe] ratio of our M31 outer halo sample agrees (within the uncertainties) with that of Milky Way inner/outer halo stars that have a comparable range of [Fe/H].

  3. fe0014066-battelle | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development and Validation of an Acid Mine Drainage Treatment Process for Source Water Last Reviewed 12/11/2015 DE-FE00 14066 Goal The goal of this project is to research and optimize a Floatation Liquid-Liquid Extraction (FLLX) water treatment system to process and repurpose water of lesser quality, i.e., acid mine drainage (AMD water) for use in hydraulic fracturing (HF) operations and assess the feasibility of using the system byproducts for flowback water processing. The objectives of this

  4. fe0024314-swri | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development and Field Testing Novel Natural Gas Surface Process Equipment for Replacement of Water as Primary Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Last Reviewed 11/30/2015 DE-FE0024314 Goal The goal of this project is to develop and field test the use of readily available natural gas collected at the wellhead as a primary fracturing fluid. The work proposes to develop, validate, and demonstrate affordable non-water-based and non CO2-based stimulation technologies, which can be used instead of, or in

  5. FE0005889_UTPermian | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Case Studies of the ROZ CO2 Flood and the Combined ROZ/MPZ CO2 Flood at the Goldsmith Landreth Unit, Ector County, Texas Last Reviewed 11/30/2015 DE-FE0005889 Goal The goal of the project is to assist in optimizing the technical and economic performance of a residual oil zone (ROZ) carbon dioxide (CO2) flood and transfer the knowledge to other operators. The objectives are to (1) characterize the main pay zone (MPZ) and ROZ within the ROZ pilot area; (2) conduct laboratory analyses and reservoir

  6. FE0005902-UTA | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Novel CO2 Foam Concepts and Injection Schemes for Improving CO2 Sweep Efficiency in Sandstone and Carbonate Hydrocarbon Formations Last Reviewed 6/12/2015 DE-FE0005902 Goal The goal of this project is to develop mobility control agents using surfactants injected with carbon dioxide (CO2) rather than with water for CO2 enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR) in heterogeneous carbonate and sandstone reservoirs. Objectives are to (1) reduce CO2 mobility in CO2 swept portions of the reservoir-but not at the

  7. FE0005958-Impact | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Improved Mobility Control in CO2 Enhanced Recovery Using SPI Gels Last Reviewed 12/8/2014 DE-FE0005958 Goal The goal of this project is to demonstrate the potential of using Silica Polymer Initiator-Carbon dioxide (SPI-CO2) gel systems for profile modifications in CO2 injection/ production wells. The objective is to advance SPI-CO2Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) gel technology by performing multiple small-scale field injectivity tests using both 'Huff & Puff' and conventional pattern flood

  8. FE0005979-NMIMT | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanoparticle-stabilized CO2 Foam for CO2-EOR Application Last Reviewed 5/26/2015 DE-FE0005979 Goal The goal of this project is to develop and evaluate, through coreflood tests at reservoir conditions, a nanoparticle-stabilized carbon dioxide (CO2) foam system that can improve CO2 sweep efficiency in CO2 enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and minimize particle retention in the reservoir. Performer New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology/Petroleum Recovery Research Center, Socorro, NM 87801-4681

  9. NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2008 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    May 2008 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2008 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Development of Ad Hoc Committee Election of Vice-Chair to Fill Term Consideration and Action on NNMCAB Bylaws Amendment Subcommittee Reports Presentation San Ildefonso, Tribal Risk Assessment, Raymond Martinez PDF icon Board Minutes - May 22, 2008 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2007 Pojoaque NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2009 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2007

  10. FE's Corbin Among DOE Leaders Selected to Receive Prestigious Award |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy FE's Corbin Among DOE Leaders Selected to Receive Prestigious Award FE's Corbin Among DOE Leaders Selected to Receive Prestigious Award January 6, 2016 - 3:38pm Addthis 2015 Presidential Rank Awards 2015 Presidential Rank Awards Secretary Ernest Moniz has announced that Fossil Energy's (FE) Bob Corbin, Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Office of Petroleum Reserves, is one of 11 leaders from the Department of Energy (DOE) selected to receive a 2015 Presidential Rank

  11. NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2007 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    7 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2007 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Consideration and Action on EM SSAB Chairs Letters Subcommittee Reports Update from Liaisons (EPA, DOE, NMED) Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2007-05 Presentation LANL, LANL Responses to 17 National Academies of Sciences Recommendations Regarding Groundwater Monitoring, Huber PDF icon Board Minutes - November 28, 2007 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2007 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board

  12. NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2007 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    7 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2007 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2007-03 Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2007-04 Update from Liaisons (EPA, DOE, LANS, NMED) Approval of FY'2008 Committee Work Plans Presentation DOE, Quarterly Performance Reports on Environmental Programs, George Rael PDF icon Board Minutes - September 19, 2007 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2007 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: May

  13. Exponentially decaying magnetic coupling in sputtered thin film FeNi/Cu/FeCo trilayers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, Yajun Akansel, Serkan; Thersleff, Thomas; Brucas, Rimantas; Lansaker, Pia; Leifer, Klaus; Svedlindh, Peter; Harward, Ian; Celinski, Zbigniew; Ranjbar, Mojtaba; Dumas, Randy K.; Jana, Somnath; Pogoryelov, Yevgen; Karis, Olof; Åkerman, Johan

    2015-01-26

    Magnetic coupling in trilayer films of FeNi/Cu/FeCo deposited on Si/SiO{sub 2} substrates have been studied. While the thicknesses of the FeNi and FeCo layers were kept constant at 100 Å, the thickness of the Cu spacer was varied from 5 to 50 Å. Both hysteresis loop and ferromagnetic resonance results indicate that all films are ferromagnetically coupled. Micromagnetic simulations well reproduce the ferromagnetic resonance mode positions measured by experiments, enabling the extraction of the coupling constants. Films with a thin Cu spacer are found to be strongly coupled, with an effective coupling constant of 3 erg/cm{sup 2} for the sample with a 5 Å Cu spacer. The strong coupling strength is qualitatively understood within the framework of a combined effect of Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida and pinhole coupling, which is evidenced by transmission electron microscopy analysis. The magnetic coupling constant surprisingly decreases exponentially with increasing Cu spacer thickness, without showing an oscillatory thickness dependence. This is partially connected to the substantial interfacial roughness that washes away the oscillation. The results have implications on the design of multilayers for spintronic applications.

  14. Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas Eriksen...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas Eriksen, Kristoffer A. Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fontes, Christopher J. Los Alamos National Laboratory; Colgan,...

  15. Nanoimprint-lithography Patterned Epitaxial Fe Nanowire Arrays...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    epitaxial Fe nanowire arrays on MgO(001) substrates by nanoimprint lithography with a direct metallization of epitaxial materials through a metallic mask, which avoided the...

  16. Santa Fe New Mexican: For cybersecurity, in quantum encryption...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For cybersecurity, in quantum encryption we trust Santa Fe New Mexican: For cybersecurity, in quantum encryption we trust Los Alamos physicists developed a quantum random number...

  17. Santa Fe Oversize/Overweight Permit Application | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Permit ApplicationPermit Application: Santa Fe OversizeOverweight Permit ApplicationLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took...

  18. Santa Fe Community College offers new welding program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Santa Fe Community College Offers Welding Program Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest Issue: Dec. 2015-Jan. 2016...

  19. QER Public Meeting Santa Fe, NM Electricity Infrastructure Transmissio...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    QER Public Meeting Santa Fe, NM Electricity Infrastructure Transmission, Storage, and Distribution - Jurisdictional issues and priorities Remarks of Susan Ackerman, Chair, Oregon...

  20. Building operator certification offered in Santa Fe next year

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The coursework is provided by the Santa Fe Community College's Center of Excellence in Green Building and Energy Efficiency. January 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives. Contacts ...

  1. Los Alamos National Security invests in Santa Fe Community College...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos National Security invests in Santa Fe Community College Foundation The new center is an educational and training facility for alternative energy and green jobs. July 16, ...

  2. Phase coexistence in the Fe-Nd system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, F.A.O.; Gama, S. , Caixa Postal 6165, 13081 Campinas, Sao Paulo )

    1989-01-01

    The authors discuss phase coexistence in the Fe-Nd binary system investigated by metallography, x-ray diffractometry, electron microprobe analysis, and differential thermal analysis. The technique of diffusion couples also has been used. The Fe/sub 17/Nd/sub 2/ compound is peritectically formed at 1185{sup 0}C and the eutectic reaction is L {yields} Fe/sub 17/Nd/sub 2/ + Nd/sup */, occurring at 670{sup 0}C; the Fe/sub 2/Nd phase was not found. A double thermal arrest is observed at the eutectic temperature and its origin is not well understood yet.

  3. Local magnetism in the molecule-based metamagnet [Ru2(O2CMe)4]3[Cr(CN)6] probed with implanted muons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lancaster, T.; Pratt, F. L.; Blundell, S. J.; Steele, Andrew J.; Baker, Peter J.; Wright, Jack D.; Fishman, Randy Scott; Miller, Joel S.

    2011-01-01

    We present a muon-spin relaxation study of local magnetism in the molecule-based metamagnet [Ru2(O2CMe)4]3[Cr(CN)6]. We observe magnetic order with TN = 33 K, although above 25 K the sublattice spins become less rigid and a degree of static magnetic disorder is observed. The comparison of measurements in applied magnetic field with simulations allows us to understand the origin of the muon response across the metamagnetic transition and to map out the phase diagram of the material. Applied hydrostatic pressures of up to 6 kbar lead to an increase in the local magnetic field along with a complex change in the internal magnetic field distribution.

  4. Dopant-Induced Nanoscale Electronic Inhomogeneities in Ca2-xSrxRuO4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Jiandi; Ismail, #; Moore, R. G.; Wang, S. -C.; Ding, H.; Jin, Rongying; Mandrus, David; Plummer, E Ward

    2006-01-01

    Ca{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}RuO{sub 4} single crystals with 0.1 {le} x {le} 2.0 have been studied systematically using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy, low-energy electron diffraction, and angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES). In contrast with the well-ordered lattice structure, the local density of states at the surface clearly shows a strong doping dependent nanoscale electronic inhomogeneity, regardless of the fact of isovalent substitution. Remarkably, the surface electronic roughness measured by STM and the inverse spectral weight of quasiparticle states determined by ARPES are found to vary with x in the same manner as the bulk in-plane residual resistivity, following the Nordheim rule. For the first time, the surface measurements - especially those with STM - are shown to be in good agreement with the bulk transport results, all clearly indicating a doping-induced electronic disorder in the system.

  5. Photovoltaic properties of Aurivillius phase Bi{sub 5}FeTi{sub 3}O{sub 15} thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kooriyattil, Sudheendran; Katiyar, Rajesh K.; Pavunny, Shojan P. E-mail: shojanpp@gmail.com; Morell, Gerardo; Katiyar, Ram S. E-mail: shojanpp@gmail.com

    2014-08-18

    We report a remarkable photovoltaic effect in pulsed laser deposited multiferroic aurivillius phase Bi{sub 5}FeTi{sub 3}O{sub 15} (BFTO) thin films sandwiched between ZnO:Al transparent conductive oxide top electrode and SrRuO{sub 3} bottom electrode fabricated on amorphous fused silica substrates. The structural and micro structural properties of these films were analysed by X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy techniques. The films were showing a photo sensitive ferroelectric behaviour with a notable apparent polarization in the range of 1015??C/cm{sup 2}. These films also exhibited a switchable photo-response and this parameter was observed to be sensitive to polarisation field and the polarization direction. The device shows a large ON/OFF photo current ratio with an open circuit voltage of 0.14?V. The photo response at zero bias of this BFTO based heterostructures showed rapid increase to a saturation value of 6??A at zero bias.

  6. Elucidating hydrogen oxidation/evolution kinetics in base and acid by enhanced activities at the optimized Pt shell thickness on the Ru core

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Elbert, Katherine; Hu, Jue; Ma, Zhong; Zhang, Yu; Chen, Guangyu; An, Wei; Liu, Ping; Isaacs, Hugh S.; Adzic, Radoslav R.; Wang, Jia X.

    2015-10-05

    Hydrogen oxidation and evolution on Pt in acid are facile processes, while in alkaline electrolytes, they are 2 orders of magnitude slower. Thus, developing catalysts that are more active than Pt for these two reactions is important for advancing the performance of anion exchange membrane fuel cells and water electrolyzers. Herein, we detail a 4-fold enhancement of Pt mass activity that we achieved using single-crystalline Ru@Pt core–shell nanoparticles with two-monolayer-thick Pt shells, which doubles the activity on Pt–Ru alloy nanocatalysts. For Pt specific activity, the two- and one-monolayer-thick Pt shells exhibited enhancement factors of 3.1 and 2.3, respectively, compared tomore » the Pt nanocatalysts in base, differing considerably from the values of 1 and 0.4, respectively, in acid. To explain such behavior and the orders of magnitude difference in activity on going from acid to base, we performed kinetic analyses of polarization curves over a wide range of potential from –250 to 250 mV using the dual-pathway kinetic equation. From acid to base, the activation free energies increase the most for the Volmer reaction, resulting in a switch of the rate-determining step from the Tafel to the Volmer reaction, and a shift to a weaker optimal hydrogen binding energy. Furthermore, the much higher activation barrier for the Volmer reaction in base than in acid is ascribed to one or both of the two catalyst-insensitive factors: slower transport of OH– than H+ in water and a stronger O–H bond in water molecules (HO–H) than in hydrated protons (H2O–H+).« less

  7. Elucidating hydrogen oxidation/evolution kinetics in base and acid by enhanced activities at the optimized Pt shell thickness on the Ru core

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elbert, Katherine; Hu, Jue; Ma, Zhong; Zhang, Yu; Chen, Guangyu; An, Wei; Liu, Ping; Isaacs, Hugh S.; Adzic, Radoslav R.; Wang, Jia X.

    2015-10-05

    Hydrogen oxidation and evolution on Pt in acid are facile processes, while in alkaline electrolytes, they are 2 orders of magnitude slower. Thus, developing catalysts that are more active than Pt for these two reactions is important for advancing the performance of anion exchange membrane fuel cells and water electrolyzers. Herein, we detail a 4-fold enhancement of Pt mass activity that we achieved using single-crystalline Ru@Pt core–shell nanoparticles with two-monolayer-thick Pt shells, which doubles the activity on Pt–Ru alloy nanocatalysts. For Pt specific activity, the two- and one-monolayer-thick Pt shells exhibited enhancement factors of 3.1 and 2.3, respectively, compared to the Pt nanocatalysts in base, differing considerably from the values of 1 and 0.4, respectively, in acid. To explain such behavior and the orders of magnitude difference in activity on going from acid to base, we performed kinetic analyses of polarization curves over a wide range of potential from –250 to 250 mV using the dual-pathway kinetic equation. From acid to base, the activation free energies increase the most for the Volmer reaction, resulting in a switch of the rate-determining step from the Tafel to the Volmer reaction, and a shift to a weaker optimal hydrogen binding energy. Furthermore, the much higher activation barrier for the Volmer reaction in base than in acid is ascribed to one or both of the two catalyst-insensitive factors: slower transport of OH than H+ in water and a stronger O–H bond in water molecules (HO–H) than in hydrated protons (H2O–H+).

  8. Local structure of Fe in Fe-doped misfit-layered calcium cobaltite: An X-ray absorption spectroscopy study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prasoetsopha, Natkrita; Pinitsoontorn, Supree; Bootchanont, Atipong; Kidkhunthod, Pinit; Srepusharawoot, Pornjuk; Kamwanna, Teerasak; Amornkitbamrung, Vittaya; Kurosaki, Ken; Yamanaka, Shinsuke

    2013-08-15

    Polycrystalline Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 9+?} ceramics (x=0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05) were fabricated using a simple thermal hydro-decomposition method and a spark plasma sintering technique. Thermoelectric property measurements showed that increasing Fe concentration resulted in a decrease in electrical resistivity, thermopower and thermal conductivity, leading to an improvement in the dimensionless figure-of-merit, >35% for x=0.05 at 1073 K. An X-ray absorption spectroscopy technique was used to investigate the local structure of Fe ions in the Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 9+?} structure for the first time. By fitting data from the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra and analyzing the X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra incorporated with first principle simulation, it was shown that Fe was substituted for Co in the the Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3} (rocksalt, RS) layer rather than in the CoO{sub 2} layer. Variation in the thermoelectric properties as a function of Fe concentration was attributed to charge transfer between the CoO{sub 2} and the RS layers. The origin of the preferential Fe substitution site was investigated considering the ionic radii of Co and Fe and the total energy of the system. - Graphical abstract: The Fe K-edge XANES spectra of: (a) experimental result in comparison to the simulated spectra when Fe atoms were substituted in the RS layer; (b) with magnetic moment; (c) without magnetic moment, and in the CoO{sub 2} layer; (d) with magnetic moment and (e) without magnetic moment. Highlights: Synthesis, structural studies, and thermoelectric properties of Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 9+?}. Direct evidence for the local structure of the Fe ions in the Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 9+?} using XAS analysis. EXAFS and XANES analysis showed that Fe was likely to be situated in the RS layer structure. Changes in TE property with Fe content was due to charge transfer between the CoO{sub 2} and the RS layers. Total energy calculation showed energetically favorable Fe substitution in the RS layer.

  9. Spin and charge transport in double-junction Fe/MgO/GaAs/MgO/Fe heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolski, S. Szczepa?ski, T.; Dugaev, V. K.; Barna?, J.; Landgraf, B.; Slobodskyy, T.; Hansen, W.

    2015-01-28

    We present theoretical and experimental results on tunneling current in single Fe/MgO/GaAs and double Fe/MgO/GaAs/MgO/Fe tunnel junctions. The charge and spin currents are calculated as a function of external voltage for different sets of parameters characterizing the semiconducting GaAs layer. Transport characteristics of a single Fe/MgO/GaAs junction reveal typical diode as well as spin diode features. The results of numerical calculations are compared with current-voltage characteristics measured experimentally for double tunnel junction structures, and a satisfactory agreement of the theoretical and experimental results has been achieved.

  10. Simple description of light W, Os, and Pt nuclei in the interacting boson model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCutchan, E.A.; Zamfir, N.V.

    2005-05-01

    A simple, two-parameter IBA-1 Hamiltonian is applied to light W, Os, and Pt nuclei with N {<=} 104. Equal emphasis is placed on fitting all low-lying positive parity excitations resulting in a good description of energy levels and electromagnetic transition rates. A mapping of these parameters into the IBA symmetry triangle finds that these nuclei lie rather central in the triangle and close to the phase transition region of the IBA model.

  11. T-529: Apple Mac OS PackageKit Distribution Script Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A format string issue exists in PackageKit's handling of distribution scripts. A man-in-the-middle attacker may be able to cause an unexpected application termination or arbitrary code execution when Software Update checks for new updates. This issue is addressed through improved validation of distribution scripts. This issue does not affect systems prior to Mac OS X v10.6.

  12. Photoinduced reduction of surface states in Fe:ZnO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knut, R. Palmgren, P.; Karis, O.; Lagerqvist, U.; Pohl, A.; Pal, P.; Svedlindh, P.

    2015-05-28

    We report on the electronic structure of nano-crystalline Fe:ZnO, which has recently been found to be an efficient photocatalyst. Using resonant photoemission spectroscopy, we determine the binding energy of Fe 3d states corresponding to different valencies and coordination of the Fe atoms. The photo-activity of ZnO reduces Fe from 3+ to 2+ in the surface region of the nano-crystalline material due to the formation of oxygen vacancies. Electronic states corresponding to low-spin Fe{sup 2+} are observed and attributed to crystal field modification at the surface. These states are potentially important for the photocatalytic sensitivity to visible light due to their location deep in the ZnO bandgap. X-ray absorption and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy suggest that Fe is only homogeneously distributed for concentrations up to 3%. Increased concentrations does not result in a higher concentration of Fe ions in the surface region. This is limiting the photocatalytic functionality of ZnO, where the most efficient Fe doping concentration has been shown to be 1%-4%.

  13. FE Budget-in-Brief FY 2014 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Budget-in-Brief FY 2014 FE Budget-in-Brief FY 2014 PDF icon Fossil Energy Budget-in-Brief for FY 2014 More Documents & Publications Fossil Energy FY 2015 Budget in Brief Fossil Energy FY 2013 Budget-in-Brief FE FY 2017 BUDGET REQUEST PRESENTATION

  14. F.E. Warren Air Force Base Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    F.E. Warren Air Force Base Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name F.E. Warren Air Force Base Wind Farm Facility F.E. Warren Air Force Base Sector Wind energy Facility Type...

  15. Delocalized Molecular Orbitals of the [6Fe-6S] Cluster of the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Delocalized Molecular Orbitals of the 6Fe-6S Cluster of the FeFe-Hydrogenase Hydrogenases catalyze the stoichiometrically simple (H2 2 H+ + 2 e-), but energetically difficult...

  16. Bulk amorphous steels based on Fe alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, ZhaoPing; Liu, Chain T.

    2006-05-30

    A bulk amorphous alloy has the approximate composition: Fe.sub.(100-a-b-c-d-e)Y.sub.aMn.sub.bT.sub.cM.sub.dX.sub.e wherein: T includes at least one of the group consisting of: Ni, Cu, Cr and Co; M includes at least one of the group consisting of W, Mo, Nb, Ta, Al and Ti; X includes at least one of the group consisting of Co, Ni and Cr; a is an atomic percentage, and a<5; b is an atomic percentage, and b.ltoreq.25; c is an atomic percentage, and c.ltoreq.25; d is an atomic percentage, and d.ltoreq.25; and e is an atomic percentage, and 5.ltoreq.e.ltoreq.30.

  17. Electron transfer activation of a second water channel for proton transport in [FeFe]-hydrogenase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sode, Olaseni; Voth, Gregory A.

    2014-12-14

    Hydrogenase enzymes are important because they can reversibly catalyze the production of molecular hydrogen. Proton transport mechanisms have been previously studied in residue pathways that lead to the active site of the enzyme via residues Cys299 and Ser319. The importance of this pathway and these residues has been previously exhibited through site-specific mutations, which were shown to interrupt the enzyme activity. It has been shown recently that a separate water channel (WC2) is coupled with electron transport to the active site of the [FeFe]-hydrogenase. The water-mediated proton transport mechanisms of the enzyme in different electronic states have been studied using the multistate empirical valence bond reactive molecular dynamics method, in order to understand any role WC2 may have in facilitating the residue pathway in bringing an additional proton to the enzyme active site. In a single electronic state A{sup 2?}, a water wire was formed through which protons can be transported with a low free energy barrier. The remaining electronic states were shown, however, to be highly unfavorable to proton transport in WC2. A double amino acid substitution is predicted to obstruct proton transport in electronic state A{sup 2-} by closing a cavity that could otherwise fill with water near the proximal Fe of the active site.

  18. Stability of precipitate phases in Fe-rich Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo alloys

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yang, Ying; Tan, Lizhen; Busby, Jeremy T

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the stability of precipitate phases in the Fe-rich Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo alloys is critical to the alloy design and application of Mo-containing Austenitic steels. Coupled with thermodynamic modeling, stability of the and phases in two Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo alloys were investigated at 1000, 850 and 700 C for different annealing time. The morphologies, compositions and crystal structures of the matrix and precipitate phases were carefully examined by Scanning Electron Microscopy, Electron Probe Microanalysis, X-ray diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopy. Two key findings resulted from this work. One is that the phase is stable at high temperature and transformed into the phase at lowmoretemperature. The other is that both the and phases have large solubilites of Cr, Mo and Ni, among which the Mo solubility has a major role on the relative stability of the precipitate phases. The developed thermodynamic models were then applied to evaluating the Mo effect on the stability of precipitate phases in AISI 316 and NF709 alloys.less

  19. Thermal stability of intermetallic phases in Fe-rich Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Ying; Tan, Lizhen; Busby, Jeremy T.

    2015-06-12

    Understanding the stability of precipitate phases in the Fe-rich Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo alloys is critical to the alloy design and application of Mo-containing Austenitic steels. Coupled with thermodynamic modeling, stability of the chi and Laves phases in two Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo alloys were investigated at 1000, 850 and 700 °C for different annealing time. The morphologies, compositions and crystal structures of the matrix and precipitate phases were carefully examined by Scanning Electron Microscopy, Electron Probe Microanalysis, X-ray diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopy. The two key findings resulted from this work. One is that the chi phase is stable at high temperature and transformed into the Laves phase at low temperature. The other is that both the chi and Laves phases have large solubilites of Cr, Mo and Ni, among which the Mo solubility has a major role on the relative stability of the precipitate phases. The developed thermodynamic models were then applied to evaluating the Mo effect on the stability of precipitate phases in AISI 316 and NF709 alloys.

  20. Thermal stability of intermetallic phases in Fe-rich Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo alloys

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yang, Ying; Tan, Lizhen; Busby, Jeremy T.

    2015-06-12

    Understanding the stability of precipitate phases in the Fe-rich Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo alloys is critical to the alloy design and application of Mo-containing Austenitic steels. Coupled with thermodynamic modeling, stability of the chi and Laves phases in two Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo alloys were investigated at 1000, 850 and 700 °C for different annealing time. The morphologies, compositions and crystal structures of the matrix and precipitate phases were carefully examined by Scanning Electron Microscopy, Electron Probe Microanalysis, X-ray diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopy. The two key findings resulted from this work. One is that the chi phase is stable at high temperature and transformed intomore » the Laves phase at low temperature. The other is that both the chi and Laves phases have large solubilites of Cr, Mo and Ni, among which the Mo solubility has a major role on the relative stability of the precipitate phases. The developed thermodynamic models were then applied to evaluating the Mo effect on the stability of precipitate phases in AISI 316 and NF709 alloys.« less

  1. In situ observation of defect annihilation in Kr ion-irradiated bulk Fe/amorphous-Fe 2 Zr nanocomposite alloy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yu, K. Y.; Fan, Z.; Chen, Y.; Song, M.; Liu, Y.; Wang, H.; Kirk, M. A.; Li, M.; Zhang, X.

    2014-08-26

    Enhanced irradiation tolerance in crystalline multilayers has received significant attention lately. However, little is known on the irradiation response of crystal/amorphous nanolayers. We report on in situ Kr ion irradiation studies of a bulk Fe96Zr4 nanocomposite alloy. Irradiation resulted in amorphization of Fe2Zr and formed crystal/amorphous nanolayers. α-Fe layers exhibited drastically lower defect density and size than those in large α-Fe grains. In situ video revealed that mobile dislocation loops in α-Fe layers were confined by the crystal/amorphous interfaces and kept migrating to annihilate other defects. This study provides new insights on the design of irradiation-tolerant crystal/amorphous nanocomposites.

  2. Magnetism in Na-filled Fe-based skutterudites

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xing, Guangzong; Fan, Xiaofeng; Zheng, Weitao; Ma, Yanming; Shi, Hongliang; Singh, David J.

    2015-06-01

    The interplay of superconductivity and magnetism is a subject of ongoing interest, stimulated most recently by the discovery of Fe-based superconductivity and the recognition that spin-fluctuations near a magnetic quantum critical point may provide an explanation for the superconductivity and the order parameter. We investigate magnetism in the Na filled Fe-based skutterudites using first principles calculations. NaFe4Sb12 is a known ferromagnet near a quantum critical point. We find a ferromagnetic metallic state for this compound driven by a Stoner type instability, consistent with prior work. In accord with prior work, the magnetization is overestimated, as expected for a material nearmore » an itinerant ferromagnetic quantum critical point. NaFe4P12 also shows a ferromagnetic instability at the density functional level, but this instability is much weaker than that of NaFe4Sb12, possibly placing it on the paramagnetic side of the quantum critical point. NaFe4As12 shows intermediate behavior. We also present results for skutterudite FeSb3, which is a metastable phase that has been reported in thin film form.« less

  3. Itinerant magnetism in metallic CuFe2Ge2

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shanavas, K. V.; Singh, David J.; He, Ruihua

    2015-03-25

    Theoretical calculations are performed to understand the electronic structure and magnetic properties of CuFe2Ge2. The band structure reveals large electron density N(EF) at the Fermi level suggesting a strong itinerant character of magnetism. The Fermi surface is dominated by two dimensional sheet like structures, with potentially strong nesting between them. The magnetic ground state appears to be ferromagnetic along a and antiferromagnetic in other directions. The results show that CuFe2Ge2 is an antiferromagnetic metal, with similarities to the Fe-based superconductors; such as magnetism with substantial itinerant character and coupling between magnetic order and electrons at the Fermi energy.

  4. Accelerated decarburization of Fe-C metal alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pal, U.B.; Sadoway, D.R.

    1997-05-27

    A process is described for improving the rate of metal production and FeO utilization in a steelmaking process or a process combining iron-making and steelmaking in a single reactor that uses or generates Fe-C metal alloy droplets submerged in an FeO-containing slag. The process involves discharging a charge build-up (electron accumulation) in the slag at the slag-metal alloy interface by means of an electron conductor connected between the metal alloy droplets and a gas at a gas-slag interface, said gas having an oxygen partial pressure of at least about 0.01 atmosphere. 2 figs.

  5. Accelerated decarburization of Fe-C metal alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pal, Uday B.; Sadoway, Donald R.

    1997-01-01

    A process for improving the rate of metal production and FeO utilization in a steelmaking process or a process combining iron-making and steelmaking in a single reactor that uses or generates Fe-C metal alloy droplets submerged in an FeO-containing slag. The process involves discharging a charge build-up (electron accumulation) in the slag at the slag-metal alloy interface by means of an electron conductor connected between the metal alloy droplets and a gas at a gas-slag interface, said gas having an oxygen partial pressure of at least about 0.01 atmosphere.

  6. Synthesis and properties of titanomagnetite (Fe3-xTixO4) nanoparticles: A tunable solid-state Fe(II/III) redox system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearce, Carolyn I.; Qafoku, Odeta; Liu, Juan; Arenholz, Elke; Heald, Steve M.; Kukkadapu, Ravi K.; Gorski, Christopher A.; Henderson, C. Michael B.; Rosso, Kevin M.

    2012-12-01

    Titanomagnetite (Fe3-xTixO4) nanoparticles were synthesized by room temperature aqueous precipitation, in which Ti(IV) replaces Fe(III) and is charge compensated by conversion of Fe(III) to Fe(II) in the unit cell. A comprehensive suite of tools was used to probe composition, structure, and magnetic properties down to site-occupancy level, emphasizing distribution and accessibility of Fe(II) as a function of x. Synthesis of nanoparticles in the range 0 ? x ? 0.6 was attempted; Ti, total Fe and Fe(II) content were verified by chemical analysis. TEM indicated homogeneous spherical 10 12 nm particles. ?-XRD and Mssbauer spectroscopy on anoxic aqueous suspensions verified the inverse spinel structure and Ti(IV) incorporation in the unit cell up to x ? 0.38, based on Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratio deduced from the unit cell edge and Mssbauer spectra. Nanoparticles with a higher value of x possessed a minor amorphous secondary Fe(II)/Ti(IV) phase. XANES/EXAFS indicated Ti(IV) incorporation in the octahedral sublattice (B-site) and proportional increases in Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratio. XA/XMCD indicate these increases arise from increasing B-site Fe(II), and that these charge-balancing equivalents segregate to those B-sites near particle surfaces. Dissolution studies showed that this segregation persists after release of Fe(II) into solution, in amounts systematically proportional to x and thus the Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratio. A mechanistic reaction model was developed entailing mobile B-site Fe(II) supplying a highly interactive surface phase that undergoes interfacial electron transfer with oxidants in solution, sustained by outward Fe(II) migration from particle interiors and concurrent inward migration of charge-balancing cationic vacancies in a ratio of 3:1.

  7. ELECTRON-ION RECOMBINATION OF Fe XII FORMING Fe XI: LABORATORY MEASUREMENTS AND THEORETICAL CALCULATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Novotny, O.; Hahn, M.; Lestinsky, M.; Savin, D. W.; Badnell, N. R.; Bernhardt, D.; Mueller, A.; Schippers, S.; Grieser, M.; Krantz, C.; Repnow, R.; Wolf, A.

    2012-07-01

    We have measured electron-ion recombination for Fe XII forming Fe XI using a merged-beam configuration at the heavy-ion storage ring TSR located at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics in Heidelberg, Germany. The measured merged-beam recombination rate coefficient (MBRRC) for collision energies from 0 to 1500 eV is presented. This work uses a new method for determining the absolute MBRRC based on a comparison of the ion beam decay rate with and without the electron beam on. For energies below 75 eV, the spectrum is dominated by dielectronic recombination (DR) resonances associated with 3s {yields} 3p and 3p {yields} 3d core excitations. At higher energies, we observe contributions from 3 {yields} N' and 2 {yields} N' core excitation DR. We compare our experimental results to state-of-the-art multi-configuration Breit-Pauli (MCBP) calculations and find significant differences, both in resonance energies and strengths. We have extracted the DR contributions from the measured MBRRC data and transformed them into a plasma recombination rate coefficient (PRRC) for temperatures in the range of 10{sup 3}-10{sup 7} K. We show that the previously recommended DR data for Fe XII significantly underestimate the PRRC at temperatures relevant for both photoionized plasmas (PPs) and collisionally ionized plasmas (CPs). This is contrasted with our MCBP PRRC results, which agree with the experiment to within 30% at PP temperatures and even better at CP temperatures. We find this agreement despite the disagreement shown by the detailed comparison between our MCBP and experimental MBRRC results. Last, we present a simple parameterized form of the experimentally derived PRRC for easy use in astrophysical modeling codes.

  8. Magneto-optical characterizations of FeTe???Se??? thin...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    distributed in the two thin films. Compared with bulk crystals, FeTeSe thin film demonstrates not only higher Tc, but also much larger Jc, which is attractive...

  9. Clean Energy- FE Dkt No. 14-54-LNG (FTA)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) gives notice of receipt of an application filed on March 18, 2014, by Clean Energy, requesting blanket authorization to engage in...

  10. DE-FE0012829 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Test of a Nanoporous, Super-hydrophobic Membrane Contactor Process for Post-combustion CO2 Capture Project No.: DE-FE0012829 GTI is building a 1 MWe equivalent pilot-scale CO2...

  11. fe0013531-Oregon-State | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessing the Response of Methane Hydrates to Environmental Change at the Svalbad Continental Margin Last Reviewed 1242015 DE-FE0013531 Goal The project goal is to study the...

  12. de-fe0012870 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SORBENT BASED POST-COMBUSTION CO2 SLIPSTREAM TESTING Project No.: DE-FE0012870 TDA Research Inc. is conducting a pilot-scale demonstration to evaluate its sorbent-based CO2 capture...

  13. de-fe0013303 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ion Advanced Solvent CO2 Capture Pilot Project Project No.: DE-FE0013303 ION Engineering is conducting small pilot-scale ( 0.7 MW) testing of an advanced CO2 capture solvent...

  14. Santa Fe Springs, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Santa Fe Springs is a city in Los Angeles County, California. It falls under California's...

  15. Santa Fe, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Santa Fe is a city in Galveston County, Texas. It falls under Texas's 22nd congressional...

  16. Eldorado at Santa Fe, New Mexico: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    at Santa Fe, New Mexico: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 35.526365, -105.93424 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  17. Startup Funding Forum on October 18 in Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2015-Jan. 2016 all issues All Issues submit Startup Funding Forum on October 18 in Santa Fe Coronado Ventures Forum will present "Early-Stage Fundraising Options for Founders...

  18. Rancho Santa Fe, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Rancho Santa Fe is a census-designated place in San Diego County, California.1 Registered Energy...

  19. FE FY 2016 BUDGET REQUEST PRESENTATION | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    6budgetrollout 2-2-15.pdf More Documents & Publications FE FY 2015 Budget Request Presentation Fossil Energy FY 2013 Budget-in-Brief Fossil Energy FY 2015 Budget in Brief...

  20. de-fe0013064 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robust and Energy Efficient Dual-Stage Membrane-Based Process for Enhanced CO2 Capture Project No.: DE-FE0013064 Media and Process Technology, Inc is developing a process that...

  1. DE-FE0013118 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bench-Scale Development of a Hybrid Membrane-Absorption CO2 Capture Process Project No.: DE-FE0013118 Membrane Technology and Research (MTR) is developing and evaluating a hybrid...

  2. The effect of Fe spin crossovers on its partitioning behavior...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: The effect of Fe spin crossovers on its partitioning behavior and oxidation state in a pyrolitic Earth;s lower mantle system ...

  3. Duo at Santa Fe's Monte del Sol Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Duo at Santa Fe's Monte del Sol Charter School takes top award in 25th New Mexico Supercomputing Challenge April 21, 2015 Using nanotechnology robots to kill cancer cells LOS...

  4. Magnetically Driven Metal-Insulator Transition in NaOsO3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calder, Stuart A [ORNL; Christianson, Andrew D [ORNL; Lumsden, Mark D [ORNL; Lang, Jonathan [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; McMorrow, D. F. [University College, London; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Kim, Jong-Woo [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Schlueter, J. A. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Shi, Y. G. [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Yamaura, K. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; Sun, Y. S. [MANA; Tsujimoto, Y. [Kyoto University, Japan

    2012-01-01

    The metal-insulator transition (MIT) is one of the most dramatic manifestations of electron correlations in materials. Various mechanisms producing MITs have been extensively considered, including the Mott (electron localization via Coulomb repulsion), Anderson (localization via disorder), and Peierls (local- ization via distortion of a periodic one-dimensional lattice) mechanisms. One additional route to a MIT proposed by Slater, in which long-range magnetic order in a three dimensional system drives the MIT, has received relatively little attention. Using neutron and x-ray scattering we show that the MIT in NaOsO3 is coincident with the onset of long-range commensurate three dimensional magnetic order. While candidate materials have been suggested, our experimental methodology allows the first definitive demonstration of the long predicted Slater MIT.

  5. Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas (Conference) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas No abstract prepared. Authors: Eriksen, Kristoffer A. [1] ; Fontes, Christopher J. [1] ; Colgan, James P. [1] ; Zhang, Honglin [1] ; Hungerford, Aimee L. [1] ; Fryer, Christopher L. [1] ; Hughes, John P. [2] ; Smith, Randall K. [3] ; Badenes, Carles [4] + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National Laboratory Rutgers

  6. DE-FE0010180 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gas Hydrate Dynamics on the Alaskan Beaufort Continental Slope: Modeling and Field Characterization Last Reviewed 11/27/2015 DE-FE0010180/DE-FE0005806 Goal The goal of this research is to assess the contemporary state of the upper continental slope along U.S. coastal margins to determine if gas hydrates are in equilibrium with present-day climate conditions Performers Southern Methodist University (SMU) - Dallas, TX Oregon State University (OSU) - Corvallis, OR US Geological Survey (USGS) -

  7. Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas (Conference) |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SciTech Connect Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas No abstract prepared. Authors: Eriksen, Kristoffer A. [1] ; Fontes, Christopher J. [1] ; Colgan, James P. [1] ; Zhang, Honglin [1] ; Hungerford, Aimee L. [1] ; Fryer, Christopher L. [1] ; Hughes, John P. [2] ; Smith, Randall K. [3] ; Badenes, Carles [4] + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National Laboratory Rutgers

  8. 15.03.03 RH Fe Elecrolyte - JCAP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Effects of Fe Electrolyte Composition on Ni ( OH ) 2/NiOOH Structure and Oxygen Evolution Activity Klaus, S., Cai, Y., Louie, M. W., Trotochaud, L. & Bell, A. T. Effects of Fe Electrolyte Impurities on Ni ( OH ) 2/NiOOH Structure and Oxygen Evolution Activity. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119 ( 13), 7243-7254, DOI: 10.1021/ acs . jpcc . 5b00105 (2015). Scientific Achievement Electrochemical characterization, in situ Raman spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance measurements

  9. Voltage modulation of propagating spin waves in Fe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nawaoka, Kohei; Shiota, Yoichi; Miwa, Shinji; Tamura, Eiiti; Tomita, Hiroyuki; Mizuochi, Norikazu; Shinjo, Teruya; Suzuki, Yoshishige

    2015-05-07

    The effect of a voltage application on propagating spin waves in single-crystalline 5?nm-Fe layer was investigated. Two micro-sized antennas were employed to excite and detect the propagating spin waves. The voltage effect was characterized using AC lock-in technique. As a result, the resonant field of the magnetostatic surface wave in the Fe was clearly modulated by the voltage application. The modulation is attributed to the voltage induced magnetic anisotropy change in ferromagnetic metals.

  10. NNMCAB Board Minutes: December 2014 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    4 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: December 2014 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Update from Liaisons (DOE, NNSA) Presentation DOE HQ, Transition of Environmental Management Clean-up at LANL, Jack Craig Presentation RCLC, Perspectives from the Regional Coalition of LANL Communities, Darien Cabral PDF icon Board Minutes - December 10, 2014 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2015 Pojoaque NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2013 Ohkay Owingeh NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2013

  11. NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2014 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    4 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: January 2014 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Upcoming Public, Hearings Comment Periods, and Permits Update from Liaisons (LANL, DOE) Presentation DOE/LANL, Material Disposal Area G, Pete Maggiore, Jeff Mousseau PDF icon Board Minutes - January 29, 2014 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2014 Albuquerque NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2013 Albuquerque NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2013 Ohkay Owingeh

  12. NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2008 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    8 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2008 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Consideration of Letter to Secretary Respoli Bylaw Amendments Subcommittee Reports Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2008-01 "Expedite Planned Change Request for Shielded Containers" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2008-02 "Enhanced Organization and Training for LANL in Interfacing with Regulators Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2008-03 "EPA Storm Water Discharge Permit"

  13. NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2014 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    4 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2014 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2014-02 "WIPP Waste Disposal to Remain Continually Operational" Election of Officers for FY'15 Governor Aguilar on San Ildefonso Environmental Issues Update from Liaisons (LANL, DOE, NMED) Presentation DOE, LANL Technical Area 21, David Rhodes PDF icon Board Minutes - July 30, 2014 More Documents & Publications NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2014 Taos NNMCAB Board

  14. NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2011 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2011 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Update on NNMCAB Sponsored Forum "Surface and Groundwater Quality at LANL" Report on Waste Management Conference 2011 Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2011-04 "Achieving 2005 Consent Order Milestones in the Next Four Years" Presentation DOE, FY'2012 DOE Budget, Ed Worth, Lee Bishop Presentation LANL, Independence of Analytical Labs. Nita Patel PDF icon Board Minutes - March 30, 2011 More Documents

  15. NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2009 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    9 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2009 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Subcommittee Reports Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2009-02 Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2009-03 Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2009-04 Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2009-05 Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2009-06 Presentation Eight Northern Pueblos, Tribal Youth Summer Camp 2008, Jackie Gutierrez Presentation DOE, Implementation of NNMCAB Recommendations, Jeff

  16. NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2012 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2012 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Report on Spring EM SSAB Meeting NNMCAB Written Reports Consideration and Action on EM SSAB Chairs Letters Report on NNMCAB Letter to Secretary Huizenga Presentation NMED, RCRA The LANL Hazardous Waste Facility Permit and Consent Order, John Kieling Presentation DOE, State of the Laboratory, Ed Worth, Bruch Schappell Presentation DOE, 3706 TRU Waste Campaign Update, Lee Bishop PDF icon Board Minutes - May 30, 2012 More Documents

  17. NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2008 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    8 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: November 2008 Santa Fe At This Meeting: NNMCAB Written Reports NMED Update on Consent Order Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2008-10 "Independent Review of MDA-G Corrective Measures" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2008-11 "Outfall into Sandia Canyon" Update from Liaisons (NMED, EPA, DOE, LANL) Presentation LANL, Environmental Surveillance Report PDF icon Board Minutes - November 19, 2008 More Documents & Publications

  18. NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2008 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    08 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: September 2008 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Election of Officers for FY'2009 Consideration and Action NNMCAB Bylaws Amendments Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2008-04 "Budget Planning and Priorities" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2008-07 "Enhanced Organization and Training for LANL" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2008-08 "Improve Documentation for Monitoring Wells" Consideration and Action on

  19. Demonstration of Security Benefits of Renewable Generation at FE Warren Air Force Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warwick, William M.; Myers, Kurt; Seifert, Gary

    2010-12-31

    Report detailing field demonstration of security benefits of renewable generation at FE Warren Air Force Base.

  20. Surface chemical reactivity of ultrathin Pd(111) films on Ru(0001): Importance of orbital symmetry in the application of the d-band model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, Xiangshi; Cooper, Valentino R.; Weitering, Hanno H.; Snijders, Paul C.

    2015-09-22

    The chemical bonding of adsorbate molecules on transition-metal surfaces is strongly influenced by the hybridization between the molecular orbitals and the metal d-band. The strength of this interaction is often correlated with the location of the metal d-band center relative to the Fermi level. Here, we exploit finite size effects in the electronic structure of ultrathin Pd(111) films grown on Ru(0001) to tune their reactivity by changing the film thickness one atom layer at a time, while keeping all other variables unchanged. Interestingly, while bulk Pd(111) is reactive toward oxygen, Pd(111) films below five monolayers are surprisingly inert. This observation is fully in line with the d-band model prediction when applied to the orbitals involved in the bonding. The shift of the d-band center with film thickness is primarily attributed to shifts in the partial density of states associated with the 4dxz and 4dyz orbitals. This study provides an in-depth look into the orbital specific contributions to the surface chemical reactivity, providing new insights that could be useful in surface catalysis.

  1. Thermoelectric, electronic, optical and chemical bonding properties of Ba{sub 2}PrRuO{sub 6}: At temperature 7 K and 150 K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reshak, A.H.; Khan, Wilayat

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: DFT-FPLAPW method used for calculating the electronic structure. The Fermi surface of BPRO (7 K and 150 K) is also calculated. The complex dielectric function has been calculated. Thermoelectric properties were also calculated using BoltzTraP code. Power factor shows that both compounds are good thermoelectric materials at 600 K. - Abstract: We present first principles calculations of the band structure, density of states, electronic charge density, Fermi surface and optical properties of Ba{sub 2}PrRuO{sub 6} single crystals at two different temperatures. The atomic positions were optimized by minimizing the forces acting on the atoms. We have employed the full potential linear augmented plane wave method within local density approximation, generalized gradient approximation and EngelVosko generalized gradient approximation to treat the exchange correlation potential. The calculation shows that the compound is superconductor with strong hybridization near the Fermi energy level. Fermi surface is composed of two sheets. The calculated electronic specific heat capacities indicate, very close agreement with the experimental one. The bonding features of the compounds are analyzed using the electronic charge density in the (1 0 0) and (010) crystallographic planes. The dispersion of the optical constants was calculated and discussed. The thermoelectric properties are also calculated using the BoltzTrap code.

  2. Surface chemical reactivity of ultrathin Pd(111) films on Ru(0001): Importance of orbital symmetry in the application of the d-band model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yin, Xiangshi; Cooper, Valentino R.; Weitering, Hanno H.; Snijders, Paul C.

    2015-09-22

    The chemical bonding of adsorbate molecules on transition-metal surfaces is strongly influenced by the hybridization between the molecular orbitals and the metal d-band. The strength of this interaction is often correlated with the location of the metal d-band center relative to the Fermi level. Here, we exploit finite size effects in the electronic structure of ultrathin Pd(111) films grown on Ru(0001) to tune their reactivity by changing the film thickness one atom layer at a time, while keeping all other variables unchanged. Interestingly, while bulk Pd(111) is reactive toward oxygen, Pd(111) films below five monolayers are surprisingly inert. This observationmore » is fully in line with the d-band model prediction when applied to the orbitals involved in the bonding. The shift of the d-band center with film thickness is primarily attributed to shifts in the partial density of states associated with the 4dxz and 4dyz orbitals. This study provides an in-depth look into the orbital specific contributions to the surface chemical reactivity, providing new insights that could be useful in surface catalysis.« less

  3. Uranium(VI) reduction by nanoscale zero-valent iron in anoxic batch systems: The role of Fe(II) and Fe(III)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yan, Sen; Chen, Yongheng; Xiang, Wu; Bao, Zhengyu; Liu, Chongxuan; Deng, Baolin

    2014-12-01

    The role of Fe(II) and Fe(III) on U(VI) reduction by nanoscale zerovalent iron (nanoFe0) was investigated using two iron chelators 1,10-phenanthroline and triethanolamine (TEA) under a CO2-free anoxic condition. The results showed U(VI) reduction was strongly inhibited by 1,10-phenanthroline and TEA in a pH range from 6.92 to 9.03. For instance, at pH 6.92 the observed U(VI) reduction rates decreased by 80.7% and 82.3% in the presence of 1,10-phenanthroline and TEA, respectively. The inhibition was attributed to the formation of stable complexes between 1,10-phenanthroline and Fe(II) or TEA and Fe(III). In the absence of iron chelators, U(VI) reduction can be enhanced by surface-bound Fe(II) on nanoFe0. Our results suggested that Fe(III) and Fe(II) probably acted as an electron shuttle to mediate the transfer of electrons from nanoFe0 to U(VI), therefore a combined system with Fe(II), Fe(III) and nanoFe0 can facilitate the U(VI) reductive immobilization in the contaminated groundwater.

  4. U-165: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Spoof Address Bar URLs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two vulnerabilities were reported in Apple iOS. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system. A remote user can spoof the address bar URL.

  5. Mssbauer investigations of hyperfine interactions features of {sup 57}Fe nuclei in BiFeO{sub 3} ferrite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sobolev, Alexey, E-mail: salex12@rambler.ru; Presniakov, Igor, E-mail: salex12@rambler.ru; Rusakov, Vyacheslav, E-mail: salex12@rambler.ru; Matsnev, Mikhail; Gorchakov, Dmitry; Glazkova, Iana [Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991, Moscow (Russian Federation); Belik, Alexey [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA), National Institute for Material Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0044 (Japan)

    2014-10-27

    New results of {sup 57}Fe Mssbauer studies on BiFeO{sub 3} powder sample performed at various temperatures above and below magnetic phase transitions point T{sub N} ? 640K are reported. We have performed self-consistent calculations of the lattice contributions to the EFG tensor, taking into account dipole moments of the O{sup 2?} and Bi{sup 3+} ions. Low-temperature {sup 57}Fe Mssbauer spectra recorded at T < T{sub N} were analyzed assuming an anharmonic cycloidal modulation of the Fe{sup 3+} magnetic moments. The cycloidal modulation of the iron spin was described with the elliptic Jacobi function sn[(4K(m)/?)x,m]. The good fit of the experimental spectra was obtained for the anharmonicity m = 0.44 0.04 (T = 4.9K) resulting from the easy-axis magnetic anisotropy.

  6. Crystal structure, magnetism and transport properties of Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}Al{sub 4.1}B{sub 10}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janka, Oliver; Baumbach, Ryan E.; Thompson, Joe D.; Bauer, Eric D.; Kauzlarich, Susan M.

    2013-09-15

    Single crystals of Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}Al{sub 4.1}B{sub 10} were obtained from a process in which a polycrystalline sample of CeRu{sub 2}Al{sub 2}B was annealed in an excess of a NiIn flux. The initial phase, CeRu{sub 2}Al{sub 2}B, does not recrystallize, instead, crystals of a new phase, Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}Al{sub 4.1}B{sub 10}, could be isolated once the flux was removed. The title compound crystallizes in the tetragonal space group P4/nmm (No. 129) with a=1139.02(8), c=801.68(6) pm (c/a=0.70) in the Nd{sub 3}Ni{sub 29}Si{sub 4}B{sub 10} structure type. Electrical resistivity measurements reveal metallic behavior with a minimum of 700 ? cm and a small residual resistivity ratio of RRR=1.4 indicating a large amount of disorder scattering. The cerium atoms are either in the 4+ or an intermediate valence state with a valence fluctuation temperature far above room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Single crystals of Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}A{sub l4.1}B{sub 10} were obtained using a process in which a polycrystalline sample of CeRu{sub 2}Al{sub 2}B was annealed in an excess of a NiIn flux. Electrical resistivity measurements reveal metallic behavior with a minimum of 700 ?? cm and a small residual resistivity ratio of RRR=1.4 indicating a large amount of disorder scattering. The cerium atoms are either in the 4+ or an intermediate valence state with a valence fluctuation temperature far above room temperature. Display Omitted - Highlights: Flux synthesis of high quality single crystals of Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}Al{sub 4.1}B{sub 10} is presented along with the crystal structure, magnetic and transport properties. The compound is isostructural to Nd{sub 3}Ni{sub 29}Si{sub 4}B{sub 10} but is first of this structure type showing mixed occupancies of d-elements. This is an intermetallic phase with Ce in either the 4+ or an intermediate valence state. The fact that this structure with mixed occupied transition metal sites exists suggests that more compounds of this type should be accessible and the physical properties tuned.

  7. Campbell penetration depth in Fe-based superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prommapan, Plegchart

    2011-08-15

    A 'true' critical current density, j{sub c}, as opposite to commonly measured relaxed persistent (Bean) current, j{sub B}, was extracted from the Campbell penetration depth, {lambda}{sub c}(T,H) measured in single crystals of LiFeAs, and optimally electron-doped Ba(Fe{sub 0.954}Ni{sub 0.046}){sub 2}As{sub 2} (FeNi122). In LiFeAs, the effective pinning potential is nonparabolic, which follows from the magnetic field - dependent Labusch parameter {alpha}. At the equilibrium (upon field - cooling), {alpha}(H) is non-monotonic, but it is monotonic at a finite gradient of the vortex density. This behavior leads to a faster magnetic relaxation at the lower fields and provides a natural dynamic explanation for the fishtail (second peak) effect. We also find the evidence for strong pinning at the lower fields.The inferred field dependence of the pinning potential is consistent with the evolution from strong pinning, through collective pinning, and eventually to a disordered vortex lattice. The value of j{sub c}(2 K) {approx_equal} 1.22 x 10{sup 6} A/cm{sup 2} provide an upper estimate of the current carrying capability of LiFeAs. Overall, vortex behavior of almost isotropic, fully-gapped LiFeAs is very similar to highly anisotropic d-wave cuprate superconductors, the similarity that requires further studies in order to understand unconventional superconductivity in cuprates and pnictides. In addition to LiFeAs, we also report the magnetic penetration depth in BaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} based superconductors including irradiation of FeNi122. In unirradiated FeNi122, the maximum critical current value is, j{sub c}(2K) {approx_equal} 3.3 x 10{sup 6} A/cm{sup 2}. The magnetic-dependent feature was observed near the transition temperature in FeTe{sub 0.53}Se{sub 0.47} and irradiated FeNi122. Because of this feature, further studies are required in order to properly calibrate the Campbell penetration depth. Finally, we detected the crossing between the magnetic penetration depth and London penetration depth in optimally hold-doped Ba{sub 0.6}K{sub 0.4}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} (BaK122) and isovalent doped BaFe{sub 2}(As{sub 0.7}P{sub 0.3}){sub 2} (BaP122). These phenomena probably coincide with anomalous Meissner effect reported in pnicitde superconductors [Prozorov et al. (2010b)] however more studies are needed in order to clarify this.

  8. Effect of Ag addition to L1{sub 0} FePt and L1{sub 0} FePd films grown by molecular beam epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tokuoka, Y.; Seto, Y.; Kato, T.; Iwata, S.

    2014-05-07

    L1{sub 0} ordered FePt-Ag (5?nm) and FePd-Ag (5?nm) films were grown on MgO (001) substrate at temperatures of 250400?C by using molecular beam epitaxy method, and their crystal and surface structures, perpendicular magnetic anisotropies and Curie temperatures were investigated. In the case of FePt-Ag, Ag addition with the amount of 1020 at.?% was effective to promote L1{sub 0} ordering and granular growth, resulting in the increase of the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and coercivity of the FePt-Ag films. On the other hand, in the case of FePd-Ag, Ag addition changed the surface morphology from island to continuous film associated with the reductions of its coercivity and perpendicular anisotropy. The variations of lattice constants and Curie temperature with Ag addition were significantly different between FePt-Ag and FePd-Ag. For FePd-Ag, the c and a axes lattice spacings and Curie temperature gradually changed with increasing Ag content, while they unchanged for FePt-Ag. These results suggest the possibility of the formation of FePdAg alloy in FePd-Ag, while Ag segregation in FePt-Ag.

  9. Dual and Triple Ion-Beam Irradiations of Fe, Fe(Cr) and Fe(Cr)-ODS Final Report: IAEA SMoRE CRP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fluss, M J; Hsiung, L L; Marian, J

    2011-11-20

    Structures of nanoparticles in Fe-16Cr-4.5Al-0.3Ti-2W-0.37Y2O3 (K3) and Fe-20Cr-4.5Al-0.34Ti-0.5Y2O3 (MA956) oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels produced by mechanical alloying (MA) and followed by hot extrusion have been studied using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) techniques to gain insight about the formation mechanism of nanoparticles in MA/ODS steels. The observations of Y-Al-O complex-oxide nanoparticles in both ODS steels imply that decomposition of Y2O3 in association with internal oxidation of Al occurred during mechanical alloying. While the majority of oxide nanoparticles formed in both steels is Y4Al2O9, a few oxide particles of YAlO3 are also occasionally observed. These results reveal that Ti (0.3 wt %) plays an insignificant role in forming oxide nanoparticles in the presence of Al (4.5 wt %). HRTEM observations of crystalline nanoparticles larger than {approx}2 nm and amorphous or disordered cluster domains smaller than {approx}2 nm provide an insight into the formation mechanism of oxide nanoparticle in MA/ODS steels, which we believe from our observations involves a solid-state amorphous precursor followed by recrystallization. Dual ion-beam irradiations using He{sup +} + Fe{sup +8} ions were employed to gain more detailed insight about the role of nanoparticles in suppressing radiation-induced swelling. This is elaborated through TEM examinations of cavity distributions in ion-irradiated Fe-14Cr and K3-ODS ferritic steels. HRTEM observations of helium-filled cavities (helium bubbles) preferably trapped at nanoscale oxide particles and clusters in ion-irradiated K3-ODS are presented. Finally, we describe the results from triple ion-beam irradiations using H{sup +} + He{sup +} + Fe{sup +8} ions to emulate fusion first wall radiation effects. Preliminary work is reported that confirms the existence of significant hydrogen synergistic effects described earlier by Tanaka et al., for Fe(Cr) and by Wakai et al., for F82H reduced activation ferritic martensitic (RAF/M) steel. These previous results combined with our data suggest a complex new 'catalytic' mechanism whereby H interacts with the steady state population of defects and the embryonic cavities so as to accelerated cavity (void) growth in both Fe(Cr) and under special conditions in ODS steels.

  10. Mechanically-induced disorder in CaFe2As2: A 57Fe Mössbauer study

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ma, Xiaoming; Ran, Sheng; Canfield, Paul C.; Bud'ko, Sergey L.

    2015-10-17

    57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy was used to perform a microscopic study on the extremely pressure and strain sensitive compound, CaFe2As2, with different degrees of strain introduced by grinding and annealing. At the base temperature, in the antiferromagnetic/orthorhombic phase, compared to a sharp sextet Mössbauer spectrum of single crystal CaFe2As2, which is taken as an un-strained sample, an obviously broadened sextet and an extra doublet were observed for ground CaFe2As2 powders with different degrees of strain. The Mössbauer results suggest that the magnetic phase transition of CaFe2As2 can be inhomogeneously suppressed by the grinding induced strain to such an extent that themore » antiferromagnetic order in parts of the grains forming the powdered sample remain absent all the way down to 4.6 K. However, strain has almost no effect on the temperature dependent hyperfine magnetic field in the grains with magnetic order. Additional electronic and asymmetry information was obtained from the isomer shift and quadrupole splitting. Similar isomer shift values in the magnetic phase for samples with different degrees of strain, indicate that the stain does not bring any significant variation of the electronic density at 57Fe nucleus position. As a result, the absolute values of quadrupole shift in the magnetic phase decrease and approach zero with increasing degrees of strain, indicating that the strain reduces the average lattice asymmetry at Fe atom position.« less

  11. Cladding burst behavior of Fe-based alloys under LOCA

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Terrani, Kurt A.; Dryepondt, Sebastien N.; Pint, Bruce A.; Massey, Caleb P.

    2015-12-17

    Burst behavior of austenitic and ferritic Fe-based alloy tubes has been examined under a simulated large break loss of coolant accident. Specifically, type 304 stainless steel (304SS) and oxidation resistant FeCrAl tubes were studied alongside Zircaloy-2 and Zircaloy-4 that are considered reference fuel cladding materials. Following the burst test, characterization of the cladding materials was carried out to gain insights regarding the integral burst behavior. Given the widespread availability of a comprehensive set of thermo-mechanical data at elevated temperatures for 304SS, a modeling framework was implemented to simulate the various processes that affect burst behavior in this Fe-based alloy. Themore » most important conclusion is that cladding ballooning due to creep is negligible for Fe-based alloys. Thus, unlike Zr-based alloys, cladding cross-sectional area remains largely unchanged up to the point of burst. Furthermore, for a given rod internal pressure, the temperature onset of burst in Fe-based alloys appears to be simply a function of the alloy's ultimate tensile strength, particularly at high rod internal pressures.« less

  12. Microporous Separators for Fe/V Redox Flow Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, Xiaoliang; Li, Liyu; Luo, Qingtao; Nie, Zimin; Wang, Wei; Li, Bin; Xia, Guanguang; Miller, Eric; Chambers, Jeff; Yang, Zhenguo

    2012-06-28

    The Fe/V redox flow battery has demonstrated promising performance that is advantageous over other redox flow battery systems. The less oxidative nature of the Fe(III) species enables use of hydrocarbon - based ion exchange membranes or separators. Daramic(reg. sign) microporous polyethylene separators were tested on Fe/V flow cells using the sulphuric/chloric mixed acid - supporting electrolytes. Among them, Daramic(reg. sign) C exhibited good flow cell cycling performance with satisfactory repeatability over a broad temperature range of 5 - 50 degrees C. Energy efficiency (EE) of C remains above 67% at current densities of 50 - 80 cm{sup -2} in the temperature range from room temperature to 50 degrees C. The capacity decay problem could be circumvented through hydraulic pressure balancing by applying different pump rates to the positive and negative electrolytes. Stable capacity and energy were obtained over 40 cycles at room temperature and 40 degrees C. These results manifest that the extremely low-cost separators ($10/cm2) are applicable in the Fe/V flow battery system at an acceptable sacrifice of energy efficiency. This stands for a remarkable breakthrough in significant reduction of the capital cost of the Fe/V flow battery system, and is promising to promote its market penetration in grid stabilization and renewable integration.

  13. Mechanistic insight into peroxydisulfate reactivity: Oxidation of the cis,cis-[Ru(bpy)2(OH2)]2O4+ "Blue Dimmer"

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hurst, James K.; Roemeling, Margo D.; Lymar, Sergei V.

    2015-04-10

    One-electron oxidation of the μ-oxo dimer (cis,cis-[RuIII(bpy)2(OH2)]2O4+, {3,3}) to {3,4} by S2O82- can be described by three concurrent reaction pathways corresponding to the three protic forms of {3,3}. Free energy correlations of the rate constants, transient species dynamics determined by pulse radiolysis, and medium and temperature dependencies of the alkaline pathway all suggest that the rate determining step in these reactions is a strongly non-adiabatic dissociative electron transfer within a precursor ion pair leading to the {3,4}|SO42-|SO4•- ion triple. As deduced from the SO4•- scavenging experiments with 2-propanol, the SO4•- radical then either oxidizes {3,4} to {4,4} within the ionmore » triple, effecting a net two-electron oxidation of {3,3}, or escapes in solution with ~25 % probability to react with additional {3,3} and {3,4}, that is, effecting sequential one-electron oxidations. The reaction model presented also invokes rapid {3,3} + {4,4} → 2{3,4} comproportionation, for which kcom ~5×107 M-1 s-1 was independently measured. The model provides an explanation for the observation that despite favorable energetics, no oxidation beyond the {3,4} state was detected. As a result, the indiscriminate nature of oxidation by SO4•- indicates that its fate must be quantitatively determined when using S2O82- as an oxidant« less

  14. Single-crystal epitaxial thin films of SrFeO{sub 2} with FeO{sub 2} 'infinite layers'

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inoue, Satoru; Kawai, Masanori; Shimakawa, Yuichi [Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); Mizumaki, Masaichiro; Kawamura, Naomi [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute/SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Watanabe, Takashi; Tsujimoto, Yoshihiro; Kageyama, Hiroshi; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2008-04-21

    Single-crystal thin films of SrFeO{sub 2}, which is an oxygen-deficient perovskite with ''infinite layers'' of Fe{sup 2+}O{sub 2}, were prepared by using CaH{sub 2} for low-temperature reduction of epitaxial SrFeO{sub 2.5} single-crystal films deposited on KTaO{sub 3} substrates. This reduction process, removing oxygen ions from the perovskite structure framework and causing rearrangements of oxygen ions, topotactically transforms the brownmillerite SrFeO{sub 2.5} to the c-axis oriented SrFeO{sub 2}.

  15. Spin-Lattice Coupling and Superconductivity in Fe Pnictides

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Egami, T.; Fine, B. V.; Parshall, D.; Subedi, A.; Singh, D. J.

    2010-01-01

    We consider strong spin-lattice and spin-phonon coupling in iron pnictides and discuss its implications on superconductivity. Strong magneto-volume effect in iron compounds has long been known as the Invar effect. Fe pnictides also exhibit this effect, reflected in particular on the dependence of the magnetic moment on the atomic volume of Fe defined by the positions of the nearest neighbor atoms. Through the phenomenological Landau theory, developed on the basis of the calculations by the density functional theory (DFT) and the experimental results, we quantify the strength of the spin-lattice interaction as it relates to the Stoner criterion for themore »onset of magnetism. We suggest that the coupling between electrons and phonons through the spin channel may be sufficiently strong to be an important part of the superconductivity mechanism in Fe pnictides.« less

  16. Electronic and magnetic properties of Si substituted Fe3Ge

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shanavas, Kavungal Veedu; McGuire, Michael A.; Parker, David S.

    2015-09-23

    Using first principles calculations we studied the effect of Si substitution in the hexagonal Fe3Ge. We find the low temperature magnetic anisotropy in this system to be planar and originating mostly from the spin-orbit coupling in Fe-d states. Reduction of the unitcell volume reduces the in-plane magnetic anisotropy, eventually turning it positive which reorients the magnetic moments to the axial direction. We find that substituting Ge with the smaller Si ions also reduces the anisotropy, potentially enhancing the region of stability of the axial magnetization, which is beneficial for magnetic applications. Thus our experimental measurements on samples of Fe3Ge1–xSix confirmmore » these predictions and show that substitution of about 6% of the Ge with Si increases by approximately 35 K the temperature range over which anisotropy is uniaxial.« less

  17. Bimetallic Fe-Ni Oxygen Carriers for Chemical Looping Combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhavsar, Saurabh; Veser, Goetz

    2013-11-06

    The relative abundance, low cost, and low toxicity of iron make Fe-based oxygen carriers of great interest for chemical looping combustion (CLC), an emerging technology for clean and efficient combustion of fossil and renewable fuels. However, Fe also shows much lower reactivity than other metals (such as Ni and Cu). Here, we demonstrate strong improvement of Fe-based carriers by alloying the metal phase with Ni. Through a combination of carrier synthesis and characterization with thermogravimetric and fixed-bed reactor studies, we demonstrate that the addition of Ni results in a significant enhancement in activity as well as an increase in selectivity for total oxidation. Furthermore, comparing alumina and ceria as support materials highlights the fact that reducible supports can result in a strong increase in oxygen carrier utilization.

  18. Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of Pure LiFePO 4 and Nanocomposite C- LiFePO 4 Cathodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kumar, Arun; Thomas, R.; Karan, N. K.; Saavedra-Arias, J. J.; Singh, M. K.; Majumder, S. B.; Tomar, M. S.; Katiyar, R. S.

    2009-01-01

    Pure limore » thium iron phosphate ( LiFePO 4 ) and carbon-coated LiFePO 4 (C- LiFePO 4 ) cathode materials were synthesized for Li-ion batteries. Structural and electrochemical properties of these materials were compared. X-ray diffraction revealed orthorhombic olivine structure. Micro-Raman scattering analysis indicates amorphous carbon, and TEM micrographs show carbon coating on LiFePO 4 particles. Ex situ Raman spectrum of C- LiFePO 4 at various stages of charging and discharging showed reversibility upon electrochemical cycling. The cyclic voltammograms of LiFePO 4 and C- LiFePO 4 showed only a pair of peaks corresponding to the anodic and cathodic reactions. The first discharge capacities were 63, 43, and 13 mAh/g for C/5, C/3, and C/2, respectively for LiFePO 4 where as in case of C- LiFePO 4 that were 163, 144, 118, and 70 mAh/g for C/5, C/3, C/2, and 1C, respectively. The capacity retention of pure LiFePO 4 was 69% after 25 cycles where as that of C- LiFePO 4 was around 97% after 50 cycles. These results indicate that the capacity and the rate capability improved significantly upon carbon coating.« less

  19. Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of PureLiFePO4and Nanocomposite C-LiFePO4Cathodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kumar, Arun; Thomas, R.; Karan, N. K.; Saavedra-Arias, J. J.; Singh, M. K.; Majumder, S. B.; Tomar, M. S.; Katiyar, R. S.

    2009-01-01

    Pure lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) and carbon-coatedLiFePO4(C-LiFePO4) cathode materials were synthesized for Li-ion batteries. Structural and electrochemical properties of these materials were compared. X-ray diffraction revealed orthorhombic olivine structure. Micro-Raman scattering analysis indicates amorphous carbon, and TEM micrographs show carbon coating onLiFePO4particles. Ex situ Raman spectrum of C-LiFePO4at various stages of charging and discharging showed reversibility upon electrochemical cycling. The cyclic voltammograms ofLiFePO4and C-LiFePO4showed only a pair of peaks corresponding to the anodic and cathodic reactions. The first discharge capacities were 63, 43, and 13?mAh/g for C/5, C/3, and C/2, respectively forLiFePO4where as in case of C-LiFePO4that were 163, 144,more118, and 70?mAh/g for C/5, C/3, C/2, and 1C, respectively. The capacity retention of pureLiFePO4was 69% after 25 cycles where as that of C-LiFePO4was around 97% after 50 cycles. These results indicate that the capacity and the rate capability improved significantly upon carbon coating.less

  20. Optimization of L1{sub 0} FePt/Fe{sub 45}Co{sub 55} thin films for rare earth free permanent magnet applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giannopoulos, G. Psycharis, V.; Niarchos, D.; Reichel, L.; Markou, A.; Panagiotopoulos, I.; Damm, C.; Fhler, S.; Khan, Imran; Hong, Jisang

    2015-06-14

    The magnetic properties of magnetron sputtered bilayers consisting of Fe{sub 45}Co{sub 55} ultrathin layers on top of L1{sub 0} FePt films epitaxially grown on MgO substrates are studied in view of their possible application as rare earth free permanent magnets. It is found that FePt layers induce a tetragonal distortion to the Fe-Co layers which leads to increased anisotropy. This allows to take advantage of the Fe-Co high magnetic moment with less significant loss of the coercivity compared to a typical hard/soft exchange spring system. A maximum energy product approaching 50 MGOe is obtained for a FePt(7 ML)/FeCo/(5 ML) sample. The results are in accordance with first-principles computational methods, which predict that even higher energy products are possible for micromagnetically optimized microstructures.

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Santa Fe Metro Fleet Runs on Natural Gas

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Santa Fe Metro Fleet Runs on Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Santa Fe Metro Fleet Runs on Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Santa Fe Metro Fleet Runs on Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Santa Fe Metro Fleet Runs on Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Santa Fe Metro Fleet Runs on Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Santa Fe Metro Fleet Runs on

  2. Magnetic order and electronic structure of 5d3 double perovskite Sr2ScOsO6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calder, Stuart A; Morrow, Ryan; Taylor, Alice E; Lumsden, Mark D; Woodward, Patrick; Christianson, Andrew D; Singh, David J

    2015-01-01

    The magnetic susceptibility, crystal and magnetic structures, and electronic structure of double perovskite Sr2ScOsO6 are reported. Using both neutron and x-ray powder diffraction we find that the crystal structure is monoclinic P21/n from 3.5 to 300 K. Magnetization measurements indicate an antiferromagnetic transition at TN=92 K, one of the highest transition temperatures of any double perovskite hosting only one magnetic ion. Type I antiferromagnetic order is determined by neutron powder diffraction, with an Os moment of only 1.6(1) muB, close to half the spin-only value for a crystal field split 5d electron state with t2g^3 ground state. Density functional calculations show that this reduction is largely the result of strong Os-O hybridization, with spin-orbit coupling responsible for only a ~0.1 muB reduction in the moment.

  3. DE-FE0003060 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DE-FE0003060 Global Assessment of Methane Gas Hydrates Last Reviewed 3/17/2015 DE-FE0003060 Goal The goal of this project is to develop a global assessment of methane gas hydrates that will facilitate informed decision-making regarding the potential development of gas hydrate resources between the scientific community and other stakeholders/decision makers. The Assessment will provide science-based information on the role of gas hydrates in natural climate change and the carbon cycle, their

  4. Duo at Santa Fe's Monte del Sol Charter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Duo at Santa Fe's Monte del Sol Charter School takes top award in 25th New Mexico Supercomputing Challenge April 21, 2015 Using nanotechnology robots to kill cancer cells LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 21, 2015-Meghan Hill and Katelynn James of Santa Fe's Monte del Sol Charter Sol took the top prize in the 25 th New Mexico Supercomputing Challenge Tuesday at Los Alamos National Laboratory for their research project, "Using Concentrated Heat Systems to Shock the P53 Protein to Direct Cancer into

  5. La Fonda on the Plaza, Santa Fe, NM: June 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sequencing, Finishing, and Analysis in the Future (SFAF) La Fonda on the Plaza, Santa Fe, NM: June 1 st - 3 rd , 2016 Please join us for the 11 th annual "Sequencing, Finishing and Analysis in the Future" Meeting on Wednesday, June 1 st through June 3 rd in beautiful, historic Santa Fe, NM. The three-day SFAF conference will focus on Next Generation Sequencing technologies, applications, and their effect on the rapidly advancing field of Genomics. If you have any questions, or would

  6. FE DOCKET NO. 10-161-LNG | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    0-161-LNG FE DOCKET NO. 10-161-LNG ORDER CONDITIONALLY GRANTING LONG-TERM MULTI-CONTRACT AUTHORIZATION TO EXPORT LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS BY VESSEL FROM THE FREEPORT LNG TERMINAL ON QUINTANA ISLAND, TEXAS TO NON-FREE TRADE AGREEMENT NATIONS Based on a review of the complete record and for the reasons set forth below, DOE/FE has concluded that the opponents of the FLEX Application have not demonstrated that the requested authorization would be inconsistent with the public interest. As further

  7. NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2009 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    09 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: July 2009 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Draft FY'2010 Committee Work Plans Update from Liaisons (LANS, DOE, EPA) Q&A With New Mexico Environment Department Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2009-06 "Support for Innovative Approaches to Community Outreach at TA-21" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2009-07 "DOE Will Sponsor a Dose Reconstruction Study at LANL" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2009-08 "Establish

  8. NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2010 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    0 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: March 2010 Santa Fe At This Meeting: NNMCAB Written Reports Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2010-02 "Reducing All Outfalls At LANL" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2010-03 "Sufficient Funding for LANL Consent Order Clean-up Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2010-04 "Unfunded Liabilities" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2010-05 "Interim Measure for VOC Source Removal at MDA-L and MDA -G"

  9. NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2013 Santa Fe | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    3 Santa Fe NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2013 Santa Fe At This Meeting: Update from Liaisons (LANL, NMED, DOE) Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2013-04 "Update on Status of Submitted Recommendations" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2013-05 "Recommendation for LANL Clean-Up" Consideration and Action on Recommendation 2013-07 "Realign Consent Order Priorities" Presentation LANL, Update on Chromium Filed Work, Dave McInroy, Danny Katzman PDF icon Board

  10. The Pd/Fe Interface in the Epitaxial System Pd/Fe/GaAs(001)- 4 x 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Budnik, P.S.; Gordon, R.A.; Crozier, E.D.

    2007-01-18

    Magnetic properties of thin magnetic films are strongly affected by the nature of the interface between magnetic and non-magnetic layers. In spintronic devices the extent to which spins are scattered at an interface depends upon interfacial roughness, alloying, and impurities. We present a polarization-dependent XAFS study of a 1Pd/9Fe/GaAs(001)-(4 x 6) structure grown in situ in the MBE facility at the PNC/XOR, APS. To increase the interfacial roughness, the 1ML Pd was grown on the 9 ML Fe without first sputtering and annealing the Fe. An estimate of interfacial roughness, evidence for formation of Pd islands, their height, and the amount of As floating to the Pd surface from the GaAs are given.

  11. QER- Comment of Sustainable Santa Fe Programs Manager

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    At the City of Santa Fe we have had difficulty in getting energy usage data from the investor-owned utility to be able to track progress towards energy use and greenhouse gas reduction goals. It would be helpful if that information were required to be publicly available at the Zip code level. Thanks.

  12. Important role of the non-uniform Fe distribution for the ferromagnetism in group-IV-based ferromagnetic semiconductor GeFe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wakabayashi, Yuki K.; Ohya, Shinobu; Ban, Yoshisuke; Tanaka, Masaaki [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

    2014-11-07

    We investigate the growth-temperature dependence of the properties of the group-IV-based ferromagnetic semiconductor Ge{sub 1?x}Fe{sub x} films (x?=?6.5% and 10.5%), and reveal the correlation of the magnetic properties with the lattice constant, Curie temperature (T{sub C}), non-uniformity of Fe atoms, stacking-fault defects, and Fe-atom locations. While T{sub C} strongly depends on the growth temperature, we find a universal relationship between T{sub C} and the lattice constant, which does not depend on the Fe content x. By using the spatially resolved transmission-electron diffractions combined with the energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, we find that the density of the stacking-fault defects and the non-uniformity of the Fe concentration are correlated with T{sub C}. Meanwhile, by using the channeling Rutherford backscattering and particle-induced X-ray emission measurements, we clarify that about 15% of the Fe atoms exist on the tetrahedral interstitial sites in the Ge{sub 0.935}Fe{sub 0.065} lattice and that the substitutional Fe concentration is not correlated with T{sub C}. Considering these results, we conclude that the non-uniformity of the Fe concentration plays an important role in determining the ferromagnetic properties of GeFe.

  13. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR TEXAS LNG - TEXAS LNG - FTA - FE DKT...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    TEXAS LNG - TEXAS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-160-LNG - 3443 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR TEXAS LNG - TEXAS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-160-LNG - 3443 October 2014 April 2015 More...

  14. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR Cameron LNG, LLC - FE Dkt. No. 15-36...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Cameron LNG, LLC - FE Dkt. No. 15-36-LNG - ORDER 3680 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR Cameron LNG, LLC - FE Dkt. No. 15-36-LNG - ORDER 3680 NO REPORTS RECEIVED More Documents &...

  15. Technology Implimentation Plan - ATF FeCrAl Cladding for LWR Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snead, Mary A.; Snead, Lance; Terrani, Kurt A.; Field, Kevin G.; Worrall, Andrew; Robb, Kevin R.; Yamamoto, Yukinori; Powers, Jeffrey J.; Dryepondt, Sebastien N.; Pint, Bruce A.; Hu, Xunxiang

    2015-06-01

    Technology implimentation plan for FeCrAl development under the FCRD Advanced Fuel program. The document describes the activities required to get FeCrAl clad ready for LTR testing

  16. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR ALASKA LNG PROJECT, LLC - FE DKT NO....

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ALASKA LNG PROJECT, LLC - FE DKT NO. 14-96-LNG - ORDER 3643 (NFTA) SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR ALASKA LNG PROJECT, LLC - FE DKT NO. 14-96-LNG - ORDER 3643 (NFTA) PDF icon October 2015 ...

  17. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR SOUTHERN LNG COMPANY - FE DKT. NO. 12...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR SOUTHERN LNG COMPANY - FE DKT. NO. 12-54-LNG - ORDER 3106 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR SOUTHERN LNG COMPANY - FE DKT. NO. 12-54-LNG - ORDER 3106 PDF icon October ...

  18. Synthesis and equation of state of perovskite in the (Mg,Fe)...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Synthesis and equation of state of perovskite in the (Mg,Fe)subscript 3Alsubscript 2Si... in the (Mg,Fe)subscript 3Alsubscript 2Sisubscript 3Osubscript 12 system to 177 ...

  19. Transport measurements of FeAs superconductors in the 150T single...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Transport measurements of FeAs superconductors in the 150T single-turn magnet Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Transport measurements of FeAs superconductors in the 150T...

  20. Low temperature thermoelectric properties of Co0.9Fe0.1Sb3-based...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Low temperature thermoelectric properties of Co0.9Fe0.1Sb3-based skutterudite nanocomposites with FeSb2 nanoinclusions Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Low temperature ...

  1. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR GOLDEN PASS PRODUCTS LLC - FE DKT. NO...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - GULF LNG LIQUEFACTION COMPANY, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-47-LNG - ORDER 3104 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR SOUTHERN LNG COMPANY - FE DKT. NO. 12-54-LNG - ORDER 3106 Semi-annual Reports for...

  2. Accelerated Thermal Aging of Fe-Zeolite SCR Catalysts Using an...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermal Aging of Fe-Zeolite SCR Catalysts Using an Engine-Based Systems Approach Accelerated Thermal Aging of Fe-Zeolite SCR Catalysts Using an Engine-Based Systems Approach This...

  3. High spin polarization in CoFeMnGe equiatomic quaternary Heusler...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: High spin polarization in CoFeMnGe equiatomic quaternary Heusler alloy We report the structure, magnetic property, and spin polarization of CoFeMnGe equiatomic...

  4. Iron Pyrite Thin Films Synthesized from an Fe(acac)[subscript...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Iron Pyrite Thin Films Synthesized from an Fe(acac)subscript 3 Ink Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Iron Pyrite Thin Films Synthesized from an Fe(acac)subscript 3 Ink...

  5. Details of the FY 2014 Budget Request for FE | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Details of the FY 2014 Budget Request for FE Details of the FY 2014 Budget Request for FE Detailed budget justifications for the Office of Fossil Energy for FY 2014 budget request....

  6. Structure and Electrochemistry of Vanadium-Modified LiFePO4 ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Structure and Electrochemistry of Vanadium-Modified LiFePO4 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Structure and Electrochemistry of Vanadium-Modified LiFePO4...

  7. Vast Energy Resource in Residual Oil Zones, FE Study Says | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vast Energy Resource in Residual Oil Zones, FE Study Says Vast Energy Resource in Residual Oil Zones, FE Study Says July 20, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Billions of ...

  8. Magnetocaloric effect of Pr2Fe17-x Mn x alloys (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: Magnetocaloric effect of Pr2Fe17-x Mn x alloys Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Magnetocaloric effect of Pr2Fe17-x Mn x ...

  9. Pairing state with a time-reversal symmetry breaking in FeAs...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    in FeAs-based superconductors Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Pairing state with a time-reversal symmetry breaking in FeAs-based superconductors You are ...

  10. Transport measurements of FeAs superconductors in the 150T single...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Transport measurements of FeAs superconductors in the 150T single-turn magnet Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Transport measurements of FeAs superconductors in the 150T ...

  11. Approaching isotropy in the vortex system of SmFeAs(O,F) at extreme...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    vortex system of SmFeAs(O,F) at extreme magnetic fields Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Approaching isotropy in the vortex system of SmFeAs(O,F) at extreme magnetic ...

  12. U-264: Apple OS X Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Several vulnerabilities were reported in Apple OS X. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system. A remote user can obtain a password hash in certain cases. A local user can obtain elevated privileges on the target system. A local user can obtain password keystrokes.

  13. Structural and Mssbauer spectroscopic study of Fe-Ni alloy nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Asheesh; Banerjee, S. Sudarsan, V.; Meena, S. S.

    2014-04-24

    Nano-crystalline Fe-Ni alloys have been synthesized in ethylene glycol medium. Based on XRD studies it is confirmed that, in these alloys Fe atoms are incorporated at Ni site to form Ni-Fe solid solutions. Mssbauer studies have established that for alloy particles having smaller size there is significant concentration of two different types of paramagnetic Fe species and their relative concentration decreased with increase in particle size.

  14. High strength-high conductivity Cu--Fe composites produced by powder compaction/mechanical reduction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Verhoeven, John D. (Ames, IA); Spitzig, William A. (Ames, IA); Gibson, Edwin D. (Ames, IA); Anderson, Iver E. (Ames, IA)

    1991-08-27

    A particulate mixture of Cu and Fe is compacted and mechanically reduced to form an "in-situ" Cu-Fe composite having high strength and high conductivity. Compaction and mechanical reduction of the particulate mixture are carried out at a temperature and time at temperature selected to avoid dissolution of Fe into the Cu matrix particulates to a harmful extent that substantially degrades the conductivity of the Cu-Fe composite.

  15. High strength-high conductivity Cu-Fe composites produced by powder compaction/mechanical reduction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Verhoeven, J.D.; Spitzig, W.A.; Gibson, E.D.; Anderson, I.E.

    1991-08-27

    A particulate mixture of Cu and Fe is compacted and mechanically reduced to form an ''in-situ'' Cu-Fe composite having high strength and high conductivity. Compaction and mechanical reduction of the particulate mixture are carried out at a temperature and time at temperature selected to avoid dissolution of Fe into the Cu matrix particulates to a harmful extent that substantially degrades the conductivity of the Cu-Fe composite. 5 figures.

  16. Importance of Doping and Frustration in Itinerant Fe-doped Cr2Al

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Susner, Michael A; Parker, David S; Safa-Sefat, Athena

    2015-01-01

    We have performed an experimental and theoretical study comparing the effects of Fe-doping of Cr2Al, an antiferromagnet with a N el temperature of 670 K, with known results on Fe-doping of antiferromagnetic bcc Cr. (Cr1-xFex)2Al materials are found to exhibit a rapid suppression of antiferromagnetic order with the presence of Fe, decreasing TN to 170 K for x=0.10. Antiferromagnetic behavior disappears entirely at x 0.125 after which point increasing paramagnetic behavior is exhibited. This is unlike the effects of Fe doping of bcc antiferromagnetic Cr, in which TN gradually decreases followed by the appearance of a ferromagnetic state. Theoretical calculationsmore » explain that the Cr2Al-Fe suppression of magnetic order originates from two effects: the first is band narrowing caused by doping of additional electrons from Fe substitution that weakens itinerant magnetism; the second is magnetic frustration of the Cr itinerant moments in Fe-substituted Cr2Al. In pure-phase Cr2Al, the Cr moments have an antiparallel alignment; however, these are destroyed through Fe substitution and the preference of Fe for parallel alignment with Cr. This is unlike bulk Fe-doped Cr alloys in which the Fe anti-aligns with the Cr atoms, and speaks to the importance of the Al atoms in the magnetic structure of Cr2Al and Fe-doped Cr2Al.« less

  17. Importance of Doping and Frustration in Itinerant Fe-doped Cr2Al

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susner, Michael A; Parker, David S; Safa-Sefat, Athena

    2015-01-01

    We have performed an experimental and theoretical study comparing the effects of Fe-doping of Cr2Al, an antiferromagnet with a N el temperature of 670 K, with known results on Fe-doping of antiferromagnetic bcc Cr. (Cr1-xFex)2Al materials are found to exhibit a rapid suppression of antiferromagnetic order with the presence of Fe, decreasing TN to 170 K for x=0.10. Antiferromagnetic behavior disappears entirely at x 0.125 after which point increasing paramagnetic behavior is exhibited. This is unlike the effects of Fe doping of bcc antiferromagnetic Cr, in which TN gradually decreases followed by the appearance of a ferromagnetic state. Theoretical calculations explain that the Cr2Al-Fe suppression of magnetic order originates from two effects: the first is band narrowing caused by doping of additional electrons from Fe substitution that weakens itinerant magnetism; the second is magnetic frustration of the Cr itinerant moments in Fe-substituted Cr2Al. In pure-phase Cr2Al, the Cr moments have an antiparallel alignment; however, these are destroyed through Fe substitution and the preference of Fe for parallel alignment with Cr. This is unlike bulk Fe-doped Cr alloys in which the Fe anti-aligns with the Cr atoms, and speaks to the importance of the Al atoms in the magnetic structure of Cr2Al and Fe-doped Cr2Al.

  18. The local structure and ferromagnetism in Fe-implanted SrTiO? single crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lobacheva, O. Chavarha, M.; Yiu, Y. M.; Sham, T. K.; Goncharova, L. V.

    2014-07-07

    We report a connection between the local structure of low-level Fe impurities and vacancies as the cause of ferromagnetic behavior observed in strontium titanate single crystals (STO), which were implanted with Fe and Si ions at different doses then annealed in oxygen. The effects of Fe doping and post-implantation annealing of STO were studied by X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) spectroscopy and Superconducting Quantum Interference Device magnetometry. XANES spectra for Fe and Ti K- and L-edge reveal the changes in the local environment of Fe and Ti following the implantation and annealing steps. The annealing in oxygen atmosphere partially healed implantation damages and changed the oxidation state of the implanted iron from metallic Fe? to Fe?/Fe? oxide. The STO single crystals were weak ferromagnets prior to implantation. The maximum saturation moment was obtained after our highest implantation dose of 210? Fe atom/cm, which could be correlated with the metallic Fe? phases in addition to the presence of O/Ti vacancies. After recrystallization annealing, the ferromagnetic response disappears. Iron oxide phases with Fe? and Fe? corresponding to this regime were identified and confirmed by calculations using Real Space Multiple Scattering program (FEFF9).

  19. Magnetic behaviour of the rare earth binary R-Fe alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, F.A.O.; Turtelli, R.S.; Gama, S.; Machado, F.L.A. )

    1989-09-01

    Thermomagnetic analysis and coercive field measurements in rare-earth-rich alloys of the systems Fe-Ce, Fe-Pr and Fe-Nd suggest the presence of two different magnetically hard phases in all these systems. These phases can be metastable and their magnetic properties are strongly affected by heat-treatments at 600{sup 0}C.

  20. A synthesis of LiFePO{sub 4} starting from FePO{sub 4} under reducing atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prosini, Pier Paolo; Cento, Cinzia; Masci, Amedeo; Carewska, Maria; Gislon, Paola

    2014-06-19

    A fast and easy way to produce LiFePO{sub 4} starting from FePO{sub 4}, used as iron and phosphorus source, is proposed. 5% hydrogen is employed as a reducing agent and various compounds containing lithium as lithiation agents. The selected lithiation agents included: LiCl, CH{sub 3}COOLi, LiOH, Li{sub 2}S, LiH, and Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3}. Solid state synthesis is used for the LiFePO{sub 4} preparation and the so obtained materials are structurally characterized by XRD. The materials are used to fabricate composite electrode and their specific capacity is evaluated by low rate galvanostatic charge/discharge cycles (C/10 rate). Among the various lithium salts, the acetate give rise to the LiFePO{sub 4} with the best electrochemical performance. The morphology of this material is further investigated by SEM microscopy and the specific capacity is evaluated as a function of the discharge rate and the cycle number.

  1. Molecular Dynamics Study of Fe(II) Adsorption, Electron Exchange, and Mobility at Goethite (alpha-FeOOH) Surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zarzycki, Piotr P.; Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Rosso, Kevin M.

    2015-02-12

    We present classical molecular simulations of the adsorption free energy profiles for the aqueous Fe(II) ion approaching key low index crystal faces of goethite at neutral surface charge conditions. Calculated profiles show minima corresponding to stable outer- and inner-sphere adsorbed structures. We analyzed the energetics and kinetics of most possible interfacial electron transfer reactions, as well as analyzing the same for subsurface migration pathways of injected electrons through calculating the Marcus free energy surfaces. We conclude that inner-sphere Fe(II)-complex formation is required for the interfacial electron transfer to occur, but the energetic cost of moving from the outer-sphere to inner-sphere geometry may prevent electron injection at some faces. We also show that some surfaces, especially (101), (100) and (001), are more energetically prone toward reduction than others. We demonstrate that subsurface charge migration in directions parallel to the surface, which run along the iron chains, is more energetically plausible than conduction through the resistive crystal bulk phase. Collectively this leads to the conclusion that Fe(II)-catalyzed recrystallization of goethite most likely proceeds by short path length electron migration through specific goethite surfaces along specific directions, until capture at Fe sites structurally susceptible to reduction and release.

  2. Ultra-thin L1{sub 0}-FePt for perpendicular anisotropy L1{sub 0}-FePt/Ag/[Co/Pd]{sub 30} pseudo spin valves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ho, Pin; Chow, Gan Moog; Chen, Jing-Sheng, E-mail: msecj@nus.edu.sg [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Han, Guchang [Data Storage Institute, Agency of Science, Technology and Research (A-STAR), Singapore 117608 (Singapore); He, Kaihua [School of Mathematics and Physics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2014-05-07

    Perpendicular anisotropy L1{sub 0}-FePt/Ag/[Co/Pd]{sub 30} pseudo spin valves (PSVs) with ultra-thin L1{sub 0}-FePt alloy free layer possessing high anisotropy and thermal stability have been fabricated and studied. The thickness of the L1{sub 0}-FePt layer was varied between 2 and 4?nm. The PSV became increasingly decoupled with reduced L1{sub 0}-FePt thickness due to the larger difference between the coercivity of the L1{sub 0}-FePt and [Co/Pd]{sub 30} films. The PSV with an ultra-thin L1{sub 0}-FePt free layer of 2?nm displayed a high K{sub u} of 2.21??10{sup 7}?ergs/cm{sup 3}, high thermal stability of 84 and a largest giant magnetoresistance of 0.54%.

  3. Evolution of stable and metastable phases and coercivity in rare-earth-rich alloys of the Fe-Nd and Fe-Pr systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, F.A.O. ); Gama, S. )

    1990-09-01

    The authors have studied eutectic alloys of the Fe-Nd and Fe-Pr systems regarding their magnetic behavior in the as-cast state and heat-treated at 600 C for different periods. In both systems the initial precipitation of a metastable phase is observed. This phase transforms into Fe{sub 17}Nd{sub 2} and this finally into a second phase with Fe{sub 17}Nd{sub 5} stoichiometry that is stable. For the Fe-Pr system the precipitation of two metastable phases that transform into the stable Fe{sub 17}Pr{sub 2} is observed. The authors have also measured the influence of these transformations on the coercivity of these alloys.

  4. Magnetotransport of proton-irradiated BaFe 2 As 2 and BaFe 1.985 Co 0.015

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    As 2 single crystals (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Magnetotransport of proton-irradiated BaFe 2 As 2 and BaFe 1.985 Co 0.015 As 2 single crystals Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Magnetotransport of proton-irradiated BaFe 2 As 2 and BaFe 1.985 Co 0.015 As 2 single crystals Authors: Moseley, D. A. ; Yates, K. A. ; Peng, N. ; Mandrus, D. ; Sefat, A. S. ; Branford, W. R. ; Cohen, L. F. Publication Date: 2015-02-17 OSTI Identifier: 1180760 Type: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript

  5. Engineering of high performance supercapacitor electrode based on Fe-Ni/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-NiO core/shell hybrid nanostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Ashutosh K. E-mail: aksingh@bose.res.in; Mandal, Kalyan

    2015-03-14

    The present work reports on fabrication and supercapacitor applications of a core/shell Fe-Ni/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-NiO hybrid nanostructures (HNs) electrode. The core/shell Fe-Ni/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-NiO hybrid nanostructures have been fabricated through a two step method (nanowire fabrication and their controlled oxidation). The 1D hybrid nanostructure consists of highly porous shell layer (redox active materials NiO and Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) and the conductive core (FeNi nanowire). Thus, the highly porous shell layer allows facile electrolyte diffusion as well as faster redox reaction kinetics; whereas the conductive FeNi nanowire core provides the proficient express way for electrons to travel to the current collector, which helps in the superior electrochemical performance. The core/shell Fe-Ni/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-NiO hybrid nanostructures electrode based supercapacitor shows very good electrochemical performances in terms of high specific capacitance nearly 1415?F g{sup ?1} at a current density of 2.5?A g{sup ?1}, excellent cycling stability and rate capability. The high quality electrochemical performance of core/shell hybrid nanostructures electrode shows its potential as an alternative electrode for forthcoming supercapacitor devices.

  6. Oxygen vacancies induced switchable and nonswitchable photovoltaic effects in Ag/Bi{sub 0.9}La{sub 0.1}FeO{sub 3} /La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} sandwiched capacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, R. L. E-mail: jrsun@iphy.ac.cn; Yang, H. W.; Chen, Y. S.; Sun, J. R. E-mail: jrsun@iphy.ac.cn; Shen, B. G.; Zhao, Y. G.

    2014-01-20

    The short circuit photocurrent (I{sub sc}) was found to be strongly dependent on the oxygen vacancies (V{sub Os}) distribution in Ag/Bi{sub 0.9}La{sub 0.1}FeO{sub 3}/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} heterostructures. In order to manipulate the V{sub Os} accumulated at either the Ag/Bi{sub 0.9}La{sub 0.1}FeO{sub 3} or the Bi{sub 0.9}La{sub 0.1}FeO{sub 3}/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} interface by pulse voltages, switchable or nonswitchable photocurrent can be observed without or with changing the polarization direction. The sign of photocurrent could be independent of the direction of polarization when the variation of diffusion current and the modulation of the Schottky barrier at the Ag/Bi{sub 0.9}La{sub 0.1}FeO{sub 3} interface induced by oxygen vacancies are large enough to offset those induced by polarization. Our work provides deep insights into the nature of photovoltaic effects in ferroelectric films, and will facilitate the advanced design of switchable devices combining spintronic, electronic, and optical functionalities.

  7. Low temperature thermoelectric properties of Co0.9Fe0.1Sb3-based

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    skutterudite nanocomposites with FeSb2 nanoinclusions (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Low temperature thermoelectric properties of Co0.9Fe0.1Sb3-based skutterudite nanocomposites with FeSb2 nanoinclusions Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Low temperature thermoelectric properties of Co0.9Fe0.1Sb3-based skutterudite nanocomposites with FeSb2 nanoinclusions Bulk thermoelectric nanocomposite materials have great potential to exhibit higher ZT due to effects arising from their

  8. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of PrFeAsO0.7: Comparison

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    with LaFePO (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of PrFeAsO0.7: Comparison with LaFePO Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of PrFeAsO0.7: Comparison with LaFePO Authors: Nishi, I. ; Ishikado, M. ; Ideta, S. ; Malaeb, W. ; Yoshida, T. ; Fujimori, A. ; Kotani, Y. ; Kubota, M. ; Ono, K. ; Yi, M. ; Lu, D. H. ; Moore, R. ; Shen, Z.-X. ; Iyo, A. ; Kihou, K. ; Kito, H. ; Eisaki, H. ; Shamoto, S. ;

  9. Assembly and Evolution of Complex Fe-S Clusters as Revealed by X-ray

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Crystallography Assembly and Evolution of Complex Fe-S Clusters as Revealed by X-ray Crystallography Complex Fe-S cluster-containing enzymes are ubiquitous in nature where they are involved in a number of fundamental reactions for life including carbon dioxide fixation, nitrogen fixation, and hydrogen metabolism. One of the more complex and unusual biological clusters is found in the [FeFe]-hydrogenase. The active-site H-cluster in these enzymes has a [4Fe-4S] subcluster bridged via a

  10. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS -- WENTWORTH GAS MARKETING LLC - FTA - FE DKT NO.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    14-63-CNG - ORDER 3515 | Department of Energy -- WENTWORTH GAS MARKETING LLC - FTA - FE DKT NO. 14-63-CNG - ORDER 3515 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS -- WENTWORTH GAS MARKETING LLC - FTA - FE DKT NO. 14-63-CNG - ORDER 3515 No Reports Received More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR TEXAS LNG - TEXAS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-160-LNG - 3443 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS - TEXAS LNG BROWNSVILLE LLC - FE DKT. 15-62-LNG - Order 3716 FTA Wentworth Gas Martketing LLC - FE Dkt. No. 14-63

  11. Microsoft Word - santa-fe-county-fact-sheet-2013-2014.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LANL:CPO: Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Santa Fe County LA-UR 11-02378 (3/31/14) Santa Fe County Los Alamos National Laboratory 2013-2014 Impacts and Investments Santa Fe County is home to 1,982 LANL employees and contractors. As of July 2013, $250,917,180 in annual base salaries was being paid to LANL employees (excluding contractors and craft employees) in Santa Fe County. In FY13, LANL purchased $14,993,363 in products and services from businesses in Santa Fe

  12. Thermoelectric properties of Co0.9Fe0.1Sb3-based skutterudite

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    nanocomposites with FeSb2 nanoinclusions (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Thermoelectric properties of Co0.9Fe0.1Sb3-based skutterudite nanocomposites with FeSb2 nanoinclusions Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Thermoelectric properties of Co0.9Fe0.1Sb3-based skutterudite nanocomposites with FeSb2 nanoinclusions Bulk thermoelectric nanocomposite materials have great potential to exhibit higher figure of merit due to effects arising from the nanostructure. In this paper, we report

  13. Ferromagnetic interactions and martensitic transformation in Fe doped Ni-Mn-In shape memory alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lobo, D. N.; Priolkar, K. R.; Emura, S.; Nigam, A. K.

    2014-11-14

    The structure, magnetic, and martensitic properties of Fe doped Ni-Mn-In magnetic shape memory alloys have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry, magnetization, resistivity, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and EXAFS. While Ni{sub 2}MnIn{sub 1?x}Fe{sub x} (0???x???0.6) alloys are ferromagnetic and non martensitic, the martensitic transformation temperature in Ni{sub 2}Mn{sub 1.5}In{sub 1?y}Fe{sub y} and Ni{sub 2}Mn{sub 1.6}In{sub 1?y}Fe{sub y} increases for lower Fe concentrations (y???0.05) before decreasing sharply for higher Fe concentrations. XRD analysis reveals presence of cubic and tetragonal structural phases in Ni{sub 2}MnIn{sub 1?x}Fe{sub x} at room temperature with tetragonal phase content increasing with Fe doping. Even though the local structure around Mn and Ni in these Fe doped alloys is similar to martensitic Mn rich Ni-Mn-In alloys, presence of ferromagnetic interactions and structural disorder induced by Fe affect Mn-Ni-Mn antiferromagnetic interactions resulting in suppression of martensitic transformation in these Fe doped alloys.

  14. The effect of Fe-Rh alloying on CO hydrogenation to C2+ oxygenates

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Palomino, Robert; Magee, Joseph W.; Llorca, Jordi; Senanayake, Sanjaya D.; White, Michael G.

    2015-05-20

    A combination of reactivity and structural studies using X-ray diffraction (XRD), pair distribution function (PDF), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to identify the active phases of Fe-modified Rh/TiO2 catalysts for the synthesis of ethanol and other C2+ oxygenates from CO hydrogenation. XRD and TEM confirm the existence of Fe–Rh alloys for catalyst with 1–7 wt% Fe and ~2 wt% Rh. Rietveld refinements show that FeRh alloy content increases with Fe loading up to ~4 wt%, beyond which segregation to metallic Fe becomes favored over alloy formation. Catalysts that contain Fe metal after reduction exhibit some carburization as evidencedmore »by the formation of small amounts of Fe3C during CO hydrogenation. Analysis of the total Fe content of the catalysts also suggests the presence of FeOx also increased under reaction conditions. Reactivity studies show that enhancement of ethanol selectivity with Fe loading is accompanied by a significant drop in CO conversion. Comparison of the XRD phase analyses with selectivity suggests that higher ethanol selectivity is correlated with the presence of Fe–Rh alloy phases. As a result, the interface between Fe and Rh serves to enhance the selectivity of ethanol, but suppresses the activity of the catalyst which is attributed to the blocking or modifying of Rh active sites.« less

  15. The effect of Fe-Rh alloying on CO hydrogenation to C2+ oxygenates

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Palomino, Robert; Magee, Joseph W.; Llorca, Jordi; Senanayake, Sanjaya D.; White, Michael G.

    2015-05-20

    A combination of reactivity and structural studies using X-ray diffraction (XRD), pair distribution function (PDF), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to identify the active phases of Fe-modified Rh/TiO2 catalysts for the synthesis of ethanol and other C2+ oxygenates from CO hydrogenation. XRD and TEM confirm the existence of Fe–Rh alloys for catalyst with 1–7 wt% Fe and ~2 wt% Rh. Rietveld refinements show that FeRh alloy content increases with Fe loading up to ~4 wt%, beyond which segregation to metallic Fe becomes favored over alloy formation. Catalysts that contain Fe metal after reduction exhibit some carburization as evidencedmore » by the formation of small amounts of Fe3C during CO hydrogenation. Analysis of the total Fe content of the catalysts also suggests the presence of FeOx also increased under reaction conditions. Reactivity studies show that enhancement of ethanol selectivity with Fe loading is accompanied by a significant drop in CO conversion. Comparison of the XRD phase analyses with selectivity suggests that higher ethanol selectivity is correlated with the presence of Fe–Rh alloy phases. As a result, the interface between Fe and Rh serves to enhance the selectivity of ethanol, but suppresses the activity of the catalyst which is attributed to the blocking or modifying of Rh active sites.« less

  16. Oxide shell reduction and magnetic property changes in core-shell Fe nanoclusters under ion irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sundararajan, Jennifer A.; Kaur, Maninder; Qiang, You, E-mail: youqiang@uidaho.edu [Department of Physics, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844 (United States); Jiang, Weilin [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); McCloy, John S. [School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 (United States)

    2014-05-07

    Ion irradiation effects are studied on the Fe-based core-shell nanocluster (NC) films with core as Fe and shell as Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/Fe{sub 3}N. These NC films were deposited on Si substrates to thickness of ?0.5 ?m using a NC deposition system. The films were irradiated at room temperature with 5.5?MeV Si{sup 2+} ions to ion fluences of 10{sup 15} and 10{sup 16} ions/cm{sup 2}. It is found that the irradiation induces grain growth, Fe valence reduction in the shell, and crystallization or growth of Fe{sub 3}N. The film retained its Fe-core and its ferromagnetic properties after irradiation. The nature and mechanism of oxide shell reduction and composition dependence after irradiation were studied by synthesizing additional NC films of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and FeO?+?Fe{sub 3}N and irradiating them under the same conditions. The presence of nanocrystalline Fe is found to be a major factor for the oxide shell reduction. The surface morphologies of these films show dramatic changes in the microstructures due to cluster growth and agglomeration as a result of ion irradiation.

  17. Spectroscopic study of Gd nanostructures quantum confined in Fe corrals

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cao, R. X.; Sun, L.; Miao, B. F.; Li, Q. L.; Zheng, C.; Wu, D.; You, B.; Zhang, W.; Han, P.; Bader, S. D.; et al

    2015-07-10

    Low dimensional nanostructures have attracted attention due to their rich physical properties and potential applications. The essential factor for their functionality is their electronic properties, which can be modified by quantum confinement. Here the electronic states of Gd atom trapped in open Fe corrals on Ag(111) were studied via scanning tunneling spectroscopy. A single spectroscopic peak above the Fermi level is observed after Gd adatoms are trapped inside Fe corrals, while two peaks appear in empty corrals. The single peak position is close to the higher energy peak of the empty corrals. These findings, attributed to quantum confinement of themore » corrals and Gd structures trapped inside, are supported by tight-binding calculations. As a result, this demonstrates and provides insights into atom trapping in open corrals of various diameters, giving an alternative approach to modify the properties of nano-objects.« less

  18. Reaction-based reactive transport modeling of Fe(III)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kemner, K.M.; Kelly, S.D.; Burgos, Bill; Roden, Eric

    2006-06-01

    This research project (started Fall 2004) was funded by a grant to Argonne National Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, and The University of Alabama in the Integrative Studies Element of the NABIR Program (DE-FG04-ER63914/63915/63196). Dr. Eric Roden, formerly at The University of Alabama, is now at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Our project focuses on the development of a mechanistic understanding and quantitative models of coupled Fe(III)/U(VI) reduction in FRC Area 2 sediments. This work builds on our previous studies of microbial Fe(III) and U(VI) reduction, and is directly aligned with the Scheibe et al. NABIR FRC Field Project at Area 2.

  19. fe0013531-Oregon-State | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessing the Response of Methane Hydrates to Environmental Change at the Svalbad Continental Margin Last Reviewed 12/4/2015 DE-FE0013531 Goal The project goal is to study the biogeochemical response of gas hydrates to environmental change at the Svalbad Continental Margin. Performer Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97339-1086 Background More research is needed to better understand the role gas hydrates play in the global carbon cycle and their potential as a future energy resource. This

  20. fe0025387-Petrotechnical-Resources | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Support for Methane Hydrate Research on the Alaska North Slope Last Reviewed 1/15/2016 DE-FE0025387 Goal The objective of this contract between the Department of Energy (DOE) and Petrotechnical Resources of Alaska (PRA) is to provide specific planning, analytical, arctic engineering, and environmental services associated with the potential drilling of methane hydrate stratigraphic test well(s) and a long-term methane hydrate production test well on the North Slope of Alaska. Performer

  1. Engineering Multimetallic FePt-based nanowires for enhancing oxygen

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    reduction and methanol oxidation reactions (Conference) | SciTech Connect and methanol oxidation reactions Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Engineering Multimetallic FePt-based nanowires for enhancing oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation reactions Authors: Guo, Shaojun [1] + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National Laboratory [Los Alamos National Laboratory Publication Date: 2014-04-28 OSTI Identifier: 1129839 Report Number(s): LA-UR-13-28235 DOE Contract Number:

  2. Engineering Multimetallic FePt-based nanowires for enhancing oxygen

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    reduction and methanol oxidation reactions (Conference) | SciTech Connect and methanol oxidation reactions Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Engineering Multimetallic FePt-based nanowires for enhancing oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation reactions × You are accessing a document from the Department of Energy's (DOE) SciTech Connect. This site is a product of DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and is provided as a public service. Visit OSTI to utilize

  3. Engineering Multimetallic FePt-based nanowires for enhancing oxygen

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    reduction reaction and methanol oxidation reaction (Conference) | SciTech Connect reaction and methanol oxidation reaction Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Engineering Multimetallic FePt-based nanowires for enhancing oxygen reduction reaction and methanol oxidation reaction Authors: Guo, Shaojun [1] + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National Laboratory [Los Alamos National Laboratory Publication Date: 2014-04-28 OSTI Identifier: 1129838 Report Number(s): LA-UR-13-28232 DOE

  4. Engineering Multimetallic FePt-based nanowires for enhancing oxygen

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    reduction reaction and methanol oxidation reaction (Conference) | SciTech Connect reaction and methanol oxidation reaction Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Engineering Multimetallic FePt-based nanowires for enhancing oxygen reduction reaction and methanol oxidation reaction × You are accessing a document from the Department of Energy's (DOE) SciTech Connect. This site is a product of DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and is provided as a public service.

  5. Quadrennial Energy Review Stakeholder Meeting #10: Santa Fe, NM

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0: Santa Fe, NM State, Local and Tribal Issues August 11, 2014 Opening Remarks Melanie Kenderdine, Director, Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis and Energy Counselor to the Secretary, U.S. Department of Energy The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is undertaking the analytical work for the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) and is responsible for the stakeholder outreach process. Ms. Kenderdine introduced Secretary Moniz, Secretary Jewell and Senator Heinrich. The Honorable Martin Heinrich

  6. SF 6432-FE Fixed Price Contracts Outside the US

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Owner: Procurement Policy Department Release Date: 11/17/15 Page 1 of 16 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-FE (11/2015) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO REQUESTS FOR QUOTATION AND CONTRACTS AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN

  7. DE-FE0009897 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrate-Bearing Clayey Sediments: Morphology, Physical Properties, Production and Engineering/Geological Implications Last Reviewed 12/1/2015 DE-FE0009897 Goal The primary goal of this research effort is to contribute to an in-depth understanding of hydrate bearing, fine-grained sediments with a focus on investigation of their potential for hydrate-based gas production. Performer Georgia Tech Research Corporation, Atlanta GA Background Fine-grained sediments host more than 90 percent of global

  8. DE-FE0009927 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Verification Of Capillary Pressure Functions And Relative Permeability Equations For Modeling Gas Production From Gas Hydrates Last Reviewed 11/30/2015 DE-FE0009927 Goal The goal of this project is to verify and validate the capillary pressure functions and relative permeability equations that are frequently used in hydrate numerical simulators. In order to achieve this goal, numerical simulation using a network model will be used to suggest fitting parameters, modify existing equations or, if

  9. DE-FE0010120 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reconstructing Paleo-SMT Positions on the Cascadia Margin Using Magnetic Susceptibility Last Reviewed 1/2/2015 DE-FE0010120 Goal The goal of this project is to provide the gas hydrate community with a proven, geologically well-preserved proxy for paleo- sulfate-methane transition (SMT) reconstructions using magnetic susceptibility (χ) and grain size measurements to track diagenetic changes that are associated with the anaerobic oxidation of methane. To achieve this goal, this project aims to

  10. DE-FE0010144 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mapping Permafrost and Gas Hydrate using Marine Controlled Source Electromagnetic Methods (CSEM) Last Reviewed 11/27/2015 DE-FE0010144 Goal The objective of this project is to develop and test a towed electromagnetic source and receiver system suitable for deployment from small coastal vessels to map near-surface electrical structure in shallow water. The system will be used to collect permafrost data in the shallow water of the U.S. Beaufort Inner Shelf at locations coincident with seismic

  11. DE-FE0010160 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Hydrate Reservoir Modeling Using Rock Physics Techniques Last Reviewed 11/27/2015 DE-FE0010160 Goal The primary goal of this research is to develop analytical techniques capable of quantitatively evaluating the nature of methane hydrate reservoir systems through modeling of their acoustic response using techniques that integrate rock physics theory, amplitude analysis, and spectral decomposition. Performers Fugro GeoConsulting, Inc., Houston TX Background Past efforts under the

  12. DE-FE0010175 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Planning of a Marine Methane Hydrate Pressure Coring Program for the Walker Ridge and Green Canyon Areas of the Gulf of Mexico Last Reviewed 11/27/2015 DE-FE0010175 Goal The primary goal of this research is to develop scientific, operational, and logistical plans for a future methane hydrate-focused offshore coring program, including a scope of work, technical specifications, and schedule and budget estimate needed to implement a marine expedition. Performers Fugro GeoConsulting, Inc., Houston

  13. DE-FE0010406 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controls On Methane Expulsion During Melting Of Natural Gas Hydrate Systems Last Reviewed 11/30/2015 DE-FE0010406 Goal The project goal is to predict, given characteristic climate-induced temperature change, the conditions under which gas will be expelled from existing accumulations of gas hydrate into the shallow ocean or directly to the atmosphere. When those conditions are met, the fraction of the gas accumulation that escapes and the rate of escape shall be quantified. The predictions shall

  14. DE-FE0010496 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Application of CrunchFlow Routines to Constrain Present and Past Carbon Fluxes at Gas-Hydrate Bearing Sites Last Reviewed 3/6/2014 DE-FE0010496 Goal The goal of this project is to apply a multi-component, multi-dimensional reactive transport simulation code to constrain modern day methane fluxes and to reconstruct past episodes of methane flux that can be correlated with environmental changes. Performers Oregon State University - Corvallis, OR Background The importance of understanding the role

  15. DE-FE0010667 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Liquid-Rich Shale Potential of Utah's Uinta and Paradox Basins: Reservoir Characterization and Development Optimization Last Reviewed 12/4/2015 DE-FE0010667 Goal The project goal is to provide reservoir-specific geological and engineering analyses of the emerging Green River Formation (GRF) tight oil plays in the Uinta Basin, and the established, yet understudied Cane Creek shale (and possibly other shale units) of the Paradox Formation in the Paradox Basin. Performers Utah Geological Survey,

  16. DE-FE0012862 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Novel Flow Sheet for Low Energy CO2 Capture Enabled by Biocatalyst Delivery System Project No.: DE-FE0012862 Akermin is conducting laboratory and integrated bench-scale pilot testing to validate the performance of their next generation Biocatalyst Delivery System (BDS). This effort builds upon work conducted under a previous project. The novel system enables on-stream replacement of the catalyst and enables integration with an advanced process flow scheme. Akermin is exploring an enzyme-enabled

  17. DE-FE0013122 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Supersonic Post-Combustion Inertial CO2 Extraction System Project No.: DE-FE0013122 Alliant Techsystems Operations, LLC is developing a new method for CO2 capture that utilizes a unique aero-thermodynamic inertial separation device derived from aerospace applications. Flue gas from coal-fired power plants is directed to a converging-diverging nozzle and expanded to supersonic velocities. This process converts potential energy (in the form of pressure and temperature) into kinetic energy. The

  18. DE-FE0013127 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bench Scale Development and Testing of Aerogel Sorbent for CO2 Capture Project No.: DE-FE0013127 Formation of aerogel pellets Formation of aerogel pellets Aspen Aerogels is developing and testing an innovative advanced aerogel solid sorbent for coal-fired power plants. The aerogel sorbents have high surface area and porosity, unique and tailored pore size distribution, highly-stable functionality, and excellent hydrophobicity for resisting degradation from flue gas and its contaminants over

  19. FE0003537_UofOklahoma | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Next Generation Surfactants for Improved Chemical Flooding Technology Last Reviewed 12/15/2012 DE-FE0003537 Goal The principle objective of the project is to characterize and test current and next generation high performance surfactants for improved chemical flooding technology, focusing on reservoirs in Pennsylvanian age (Penn) sands. Performer Oklahoma University Enhanced Oil Recovery Design Center, Norman, OK Background Primary and secondary methods have produced approximately one-third of

  20. FE0006011-SkyResearch. | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development of Real-Time Semi-autonomous Geophysical Data Acquisition and Processing System to Monitor Flood Performance Last Reviewed 6/26/2015 DE-FE0006011 Goal The objective of this project is to design, develop, and validate a real-time, semi-autonomous geophysical data acquisition and processing system using electromagnetic technology to monitor carbon-dioxide (CO2) flood performance. Performers White River Technologies, Ashland, OR 97520 University of British Columbia (UBC) Vancouver,

  1. FWP04FE12 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power Generation in Natural Gas Pipelines FWP04FE12 Goal: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) will evaluate the concept of power generation from natural gas flow in a pipeline, using flow-induced vibration in the system. Mechanical vibration produced in the pipeline may be converted to useful electrical power using piezoelectric transduction. This project will evaluate the feasibility of the concept and the specific technical issues related to generating power with this technique. LANL will

  2. Thermodynamic studies of CaLaFe??O??(s)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rakshit, S.K.; Parida, S.C.; Lilova, Kristina; Navrotsky, Alexandra

    2013-05-01

    Thermodynamic studies on CaLaFe??O??(s) were carried out using Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry and calorimetry, viz. differential scanning calorimetry and high temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry. Standard molar Gibbs free energy of formation (?{sub f}G?{sub m}), enthalpy of formation and heat capacity (C?{sub ?,m}) of the compound were calculated as a function of temperature for the first time. C?{sub ?,m}(CaLaFe??O??) was determined and used for second law analysis, from which enthalpy and entropy of formation of the compound were calculated and the respective values are: ?{sub f}H?{sub m}(298.15 K)/kJ mol?=-6057(8) and S?{sub m}(298.15 K)/J K? mol?=427(5). ?{sub f}H?{sub m}(298.15 K)/kJ mol?: -6055(6) was also calculated using oxide melt solution calorimetry, which is in close agreement with the second law value. A heat capacity anomaly was also observed at T=684 K. A table of thermodynamic data from 298.15 K to 1000 K for CaLaFe??O??(s) was also constructed to represent an optimized set of data. - graphical abstract: Variation of standard molar heat capacities of CaLaF??O??(s) and MFe??O??(s) (M=Sr, Ba and Pb) as a function of temperature. Highlights: Thermodynamic studies on CaLaFe??O??(s) were performed using KEQMS and solution calorimetry. It was synthesized using gel combustion route and characterized by XRD technique. The compound is magnetic in nature and shows a heat capacity anomaly at 684 K. Thermodynamic table was constructed from 298 K to 1000 K.

  3. FE Press Releases and Techlines | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Press Releases and Techlines FE Press Releases and Techlines RSS December 2, 2015 DOE Selects Projects To Enhance Its Research into Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Coal and Coal Byproducts The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has selected 10 projects to receive funding for research in support of the lab's program on Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Coal and Coal Byproducts. The selected research projects will further program goals by

  4. Kinetic and Mechanistic Studies of Carbon-to-Metal Hydrogen Atom Transfer Involving Os-Centered Radicals: Evidence for Tunneling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewandowska-Androlojc, Anna; Grills, David C.; Zhang, Jie; Bullock, R. Morris; Miyazawa, Akira; Kawanishi, Yuji; Fujita, Etsuko

    2014-03-05

    We have investigated the kinetics of novel carbon-to-metal hydrogen atom transfer reactions, in which homolytic cleavage of a C-H bond is accomplished by a single metal-centered radical. Studies by means of time-resolved IR spectroscopic measurements revealed efficient hydrogen atom transfer from xanthene, 9,10-dihydroanthracene and 1,4-cyclohexadiene to Cp(CO)2Os and (n5-iPr4C5H)(CO)2Os radicals, formed by photoinduced homolysis of the corresponding osmium dimers. The rate constants for hydrogen abstraction from these hydrocarbons were found to be in the range 1.54 105 M 1 s 1 -1.73 107 M 1 s-1 at 25 C. For the first time, kinetic isotope effects for carbon-to-metal hydrogen atom transfer were determined. Large primary kinetic isotope effects of 13.4 1.0 and 16.6 1.4 were observed for the hydrogen abstraction from xanthene to form Cp(CO)2OsH and (n5-iPr4C5H)(CO)2OsH, respectively, at 25 C. Temperature-dependent measurements of the kinetic isotope effects over a 60 -C temperature range were carried out to obtain the difference in activation energies and the pre-exponential factor ratio. For hydrogen atom transfer from xanthene to (n5-iPr4C5H)(CO)2Os, the (ED - EH) = 3.25 0.20 kcal/mol and AH/AD = 0.056 0.018 values are greater than the semi-classical limits and thus suggest a quantum mechanical tunneling mechanism. The work at BNL was carried out under contract DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy and supported by its Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. RMB also thanks the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences for support. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  5. Facile synthesis and characterization of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}/{alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite hollow nanospheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Yu [Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemical, School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China) [Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemical, School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Dalian Jiaotong University, Dalian 116028 (China); Li, Xinyong, E-mail: xyli@dlut.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemical, School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China) [Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemical, School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845 (Australia); Zhao, Qidong; Hou, Yang [Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemical, School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemical, School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Tade, Moses [Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845 (Australia)] [Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845 (Australia); Liu, Shaomin, E-mail: Shaomin.Liu@curtin.edu.au [Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845 (Australia)] [Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845 (Australia)

    2011-12-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}/{alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite hollow nanospheres were successfully synthesized via a facile method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Detailed structural, morphology and the phase composition were studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The incorporation of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} gives an appropriate band gap value to utilize solar energy. -- Abstract: ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}/{alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite hollow nanospheres were successfully fabricated via a facile one-pot solvothermal method, utilizing polyethylene glycol as soft template. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed that the prepared nanospheres with cubic spinel and rhombohedra composite structure had a uniform diameter of about 370 nm, and the hollow structure could be further confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Energy dispersive X-ray, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared techniques were also applied to characterize the elemental composition and chemical bonds in the hollow nanospheres. The ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}/{alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite hollow nanospheres show attractive light absorption property for potential applications in electronics, optics, and catalysis.

  6. MAS NMR Study of the Metastable Solid Solutions Found in the LiFePO4/FePO4 System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabana, Jordi; Shirakawa, Junichi; Chen, Guoying; Richardson, Thomas; Grey, Clare P.

    2009-10-09

    Li and 3IP NMR experiments were conducted on a series of single- or two-phase samples in the LiFePCvFePCM system with different overall lithium contents, and containing the two end-members and/or two metastable solid solution hases, Lio.6FeP04 or Lio.34FeP04. These experiments were carried out at different temperatures in order to search for vacancy/charge ordering and ion/electron mobility in the metastable phases. Evidence for Li+-Fe2+ interactions was bserved for both Lio.6FeP04 and Lio.34FePC>4. The strength of this interaction leads to the formation of LiFePCvlike clusters in the latter, as shown by the room temperature data. Different motional processes are proposed to exist as the temperature is increased and various scenarios are discussed. While concerted lithium-electron hopping and/or correlations explains the data below 125C, evidence for some uncorrelated motion is found at higher temperatures, together with the onset of phase mixing.

  7. In situ observation of defect annihilation in Kr ion-irradiated bulk Fe/amorphous-Fe 2 Zr nanocomposite alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, K. Y.; Fan, Z.; Chen, Y.; Song, M.; Liu, Y.; Wang, H.; Kirk, M. A.; Li, M.; Zhang, X.

    2014-08-26

    Enhanced irradiation tolerance in crystalline multilayers has received significant attention lately. However, little is known on the irradiation response of crystal/amorphous nanolayers. We report on in situ Kr ion irradiation studies of a bulk Fe96Zr4 nanocomposite alloy. Irradiation resulted in amorphization of Fe2Zr and formed crystal/amorphous nanolayers. ?-Fe layers exhibited drastically lower defect density and size than those in large ?-Fe grains. In situ video revealed that mobile dislocation loops in ?-Fe layers were confined by the crystal/amorphous interfaces and kept migrating to annihilate other defects. This study provides new insights on the design of irradiation-tolerant crystal/amorphous nanocomposites.

  8. The lick AGN monitoring project 2011: Fe II reverberation from the outer broad-line region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barth, Aaron J.; Cooper, Michael C.; Pancoast, Anna; Treu, Tommaso; Bennert, Vardha N.; Brewer, Brendon J.; Canalizo, Gabriela; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Li, Weidong; Cenko, S. Bradley; Clubb, Kelsey I.; Gates, Elinor L.; Greene, Jenny E.; Malkan, Matthew A.; Sand, David J.; Stern, Daniel; Assef, Roberto J.; Woo, Jong-Hak; Bae, Hyun-Jin; Buehler, Tabitha; and others

    2013-06-01

    The prominent broad Fe II emission blends in the spectra of active galactic nuclei have been shown to vary in response to continuum variations, but past attempts to measure the reverberation lag time of the optical Fe II lines have met with only limited success. Here we report the detection of Fe II reverberation in two Seyfert 1 galaxies, NGC 4593 and Mrk 1511, based on data from a program carried out at Lick Observatory in Spring 2011. Light curves for emission lines including H? and Fe II were measured by applying a fitting routine to decompose the spectra into several continuum and emission-line components, and we use cross-correlation techniques to determine the reverberation lags of the emission lines relative to V-band light curves. In both cases, the measured lag (?{sub cen}) of Fe II is longer than that of H?, although the inferred lags are somewhat sensitive to the choice of Fe II template used in the fit. For spectral decompositions done using the Fe II template of Vron-Cetty et al., we find ?{sub cen}(Fe II)/?{sub cen}(H?) = 1.9 0.6 in NGC 4593 and 1.5 0.3 in Mrk 1511. The detection of highly correlated variations between Fe II and continuum emission demonstrates that the Fe II emission in these galaxies originates in photoionized gas, located predominantly in the outer portion of the broad-line region.

  9. Oxide Shell Reduction and Magnetic Property Changes in Core-Shell Fe Nanoclusters under Ion Irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sundararajan, Jennifer A.; Kaur, Maninder; Jiang, Weilin; McCloy, John S.; Qiang, You

    2014-02-12

    Ion irradiation effects are studied on the Fe-based core-shell nanocluster (NC) films with core as Fe and shell as Fe3O4/FeO. These NC films were were deposited on Si substrates to thickness of ~0.5 micrometers using a NC deposition system. The films were irradiated at room temperature with 5.5 MeV Si2+ ions to ion fluences of 1015 and 1016 ions/cm2. It is found that the irradiation induces grain growth, Fe valence reduction in the shell, and crystallization of Fe3N. The nature and mechanism of oxide shell reduction and composition dependence after irradiation were studied by synthesizing additional NC films of Fe3O4 and FeO+Fe3N and irradiating them under the same conditions. The presence of nanocrystalline Fe is found to be a major factor for the oxide shell reduction. The surface morphologies of these films show dramatic changes in the microstructures due to cluster growth and agglomeration as a result of ion irradiation.

  10. The reaction mechanism of FeSb2 as anode for sodium-ion batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Baggetto, Loic; Hah, Hien-Yoong; Johnson, Prof. Dr. Charles E.; Bridges, Craig A; Johnson, Jackie A.; Veith, Gabriel M

    2014-01-01

    The electrochemical reaction of FeSb2 with Na is reported for the first time. The first discharge (sodiation) potential profile of FeSb2 is characterized by a gentle slope centered at 0.25 V. During charge (Na removal) and the subsequent discharge, the main reaction takes place near 0.7 V and 0.4 V, respectively. The reversible storage capacity amounts to 360 mA h g1, which is smaller than the theoretical value of 537 mA h g1. The reaction, studied by ex situ and in situ X-ray diffraction, is found to proceed by the consumption of crystalline FeSb2 to form an amorphous phase. Uponmore » further sodiation, the formation of nanocrystalline Na3Sb domains is evidenced. During desodiation, Na3Sb domains convert into an amorphous phase. The chemical environment of Fe, probed by 57Fe Mo ssbauer spectroscopy, undergoes significant changes during the reaction. During sodiation, the well-resolved doublet of FeSb2 with an isomer shift around 0.45 mm s1 and a quadrupole splitting of 1.26 mm s1 is gradually converted into a doublet line centered at about 0.15 mm s1 along with a singlet line around 0 mm s1. The former signal results from the formation of a Fe-rich FexSb alloy with an estimated composition of Fe4Sb while the latter signal corresponds to superparamagnetic Fe due to the formation of nanosized pure Fe domains. Interestingly the signal of Fe4Sb remains unaltered during desodiation. This mechanism is substantially different than that observed during the reaction with Li. The irreversible formation of a Fe-rich Fe4Sb alloy and the absence of full desodiation of Sb domains explain the lower than theoretical practical storage capacity.« less

  11. Antiferromagnetic transitions of osmium-containing rare earth double perovskites Ba{sub 2}LnOsO{sub 6} (Ln=rare earths)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hinatsu, Yukio Doi, Yoshihiro; Wakeshima, Makoto

    2013-10-15

    The perovskite-type compounds containing both rare earth and osmium Ba{sub 2}LnOsO{sub 6} (Ln=Pr, Nd, SmLu) have been prepared. Powder X-ray diffraction measurements and Rietveld analysis show that Ln{sup 3+} and Os{sup 5+} ions are structurally ordered at the M site of the perovskite BaMO{sub 3}. Magnetic susceptibility and specific heat measurements show that an antiferromagnetic ordering of Os{sup 5+} ions has been observed for Ba{sub 2}LnOsO{sub 6} (Ln=Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Lu) at 6571 K. Magnetic ordering of Ln{sup 3+} moments occurs when the temperature is furthermore decreased. - Graphical abstract: The perovskite-type compounds containing both rare earth and osmium Ba{sub 2}LnOsO{sub 6} (Ln=Pr, Nd, SmLu) have been prepared. An antiferromagnetic ordering of Os{sup 5+} ions has been observed for Ba{sub 2}LnOsO{sub 6} (Ln=Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Lu) at 6571 K. Measurements and analysis of the specific heat for Ba{sub 2}PrOsO{sub 6} show that magnetic ordering of the Pr{sup 3+} moments should have occurred at ?20 K. Display Omitted.

  12. Temperature dependence of the coercive force in Nd sub 4 Fe sub 77 B sub 19

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eckert, D.; Muller, K.H.; Handstein, A.; Schneider, J. ); Grossinger, R.; Krewenka, R. )

    1990-09-01

    The temperature dependence of coercivity {sub J}H{sub c} of Fe{sub 3}B-based Nd{sub 4}Fe{sub 77}B{sub 19} permanent magnetic materials is analysed. The coercivity of these melt-spun materials vanishes above the Curie temperature of the minor phase Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B. As well as melt-spun Nd-rich magnets, Nd{sub 4}Fe{sub 77}B{sub 19} magnets show a maximum in the {sub J}H{sub c} versus T curve at low temperatures. The coercivity of these melt-spun materials has a smaller temperature coefficient than sintered Nd-rich NdFeB magnets. The relation of the observed T- dependence of {sub J}H{sub c}, to the anisotropy field H{sub A}(T) of Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B is discussed.

  13. Microsoft Word - FE PSRP 08-19-09 _3_.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    PSRP Name: Fossil Energy Research & Development (R&D) PSRP Lead Program Office and/or Laboratory/Site Office: Office of Fossil Energy (FE)/National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) PSRP Lead Manager: Victor K. Der Phone: (202) 586-6660 E-mail: victor.der@hq.doe.gov Address: 1000 Independence Avenue, SW; Washington DC 20585 Does this program align with an existing PART program? Y Does this program align with an existing CFDA program? N 1. Objectives Program Purpose The American

  14. de-fe0010808-uta | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Generation Hydraulic Fracturing Model for Horizontal Wells Last Reviewed 12/2/2015 DE-FE0010808 Goal The project goal is to develop a "new generation" hydraulic fracturing model that will, for the first time, provide an operator with the ability to model the simultaneous propagation of non-planar hydraulic fractures from multiple perforation clusters and create a realistic picture of the stimulated rock volume (SRV) around horizontal wells. The model will be used to simulate the

  15. Cu-Ni-Fe anodes having improved microstructure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bergsma, S. Craig; Brown, Craig W.

    2004-04-20

    A method of producing aluminum in a low temperature electrolytic cell containing alumina dissolved in an electrolyte. The method comprises the steps of providing a molten electrolyte having alumina dissolved therein in an electrolytic cell containing the electrolyte. A non-consumable anode and cathode is disposed in the electrolyte, the anode comprised of Cu--Ni--Fe alloys having single metallurgical phase. Electric current is passed from the anode, through the electrolyte to the cathode thereby depositing aluminum on the cathode, and molten aluminum is collected from the cathode.

  16. Oxidation sulfidation resistance of Fe-Cr-Ni alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Natesan, Ken (Naperville, IL); Baxter, David J. (Woodridge, IL)

    1984-01-01

    High temperature resistance of Fe-Cr-Ni alloy compositions to oxidative and/or sulfidative conditions is provided by the incorporation of about 1-8 wt. % of Zr or Nb and results in a two-phase composition having an alloy matrix as the first phase and a fine grained intermetallic composition as the second phase. The presence and location of the intermetallic composition between grains of the matrix provides mechanical strength, enhanced surface scale adhesion, and resistance to corrosive attack between grains of the alloy matrix at temperatures of 500.degree.-1000.degree. C.

  17. Improved oxidation sulfidation resistance of Fe-Cr-Ni alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Natesan, K.; Baxter, D.J.

    1983-07-26

    High temperature resistance of Fe-Cr-Ni alloy compositions to oxidative and/or sulfidative conditions is provided by the incorporation of about 1 to 8 wt % of Zr or Nb and results in a two-phase composition having an alloy matrix as the first phase and a fine grained intermetallic composition as the second phase. The presence and location of the intermetallic composition between grains of the matrix provides mechanical strength, enhanced surface scale adhesion, and resistance to corrosive attack between grains of the alloy matrix at temperatures of 500 to 1000/sup 0/C.

  18. Microsoft Word - chapter FeCrMo_ver2.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference on Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials Low-Alloy Ferritic Steels: Tempered Fe-Cr-Mo Alloys (code 1211) Prepared by: B.P. Somerday, Sandia National Laboratories Editors C. San Marchi B.P. Somerday Sandia National Laboratories This report may be updated and revised periodically in response to the needs of the technical community; up-to-date versions can be requested from the editors at the address given below or downloaded at http://www.ca.sandia.gov/matlsTechRef/ . The success of this

  19. Long Term Applications Received by DOE/FE to Export

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Term Applications Received by DOE/FE to Export Domestically Produced LNG from the Lower-48 States (as of December 4, 2015) All Changes Since December 2, 2015 Update Are In Red 1 Company Quantity (a) FTA Applications (b) (Docket Number) Non-FTA Applications (c) (Docket Number) Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC 2.2 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) (d) Approved (10-85-LNG) Approved (F) (10-111-LNG) Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC 1.4 Bcf/d (d) Approved (10-160-LNG) Approved

  20. DE-FE00013123 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pilot Scale Evaluation of an Advanced Carbon Sorbent-Based Process for Post-combustion CO2 Capture Project No.: DE-FE00013123 SRI is incorporating an advanced carbon capture sorbent-based process in a 0.5 MWe slipstream pilot plant that will reduce the parasitic plant load by using a CO2 capture sorbent requiring a reduced amount of steam. The process is based on advanced carbon sorbents having a low heat of adsorption, high CO2 adsorption capacity, and excellent selectivity. Design and

  1. DE-FE0002911 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE/NETL Methane Hydrate Projects Natural Gas Hydrates in Permafrost and Marine Settings: Resources, Properties, and Environmental Issues Last Reviewed 12/1/2015 DE-FE0002911 Goal The objective of this DOE-US Geological Survey(USGS) Interagency Agreement (IA) is to provide world-class expertise and research in support of the goals of the 2005 Energy Act for National Methane Hydrates R&D, the DOE-led U.S. interagency roadmap for gas hydrates research, and elements of the USGS mission related

  2. DE-FE0010799 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small Molecular Associative Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Thickeners for Improved Mobility Control Last Reviewed 12/4/2015 DE-FE0010799 Goal The overall research goal is to test the effectiveness of various CO2 thickener compounds that can induce very large changes in CO2 viscosity at typical injection and reservoir conditions associated with Carbon Dioxide Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2-EOR). The study consists of two phases. Phase 1 objectives are (1) to obtain commitment letters from CO2-EOR operators to

  3. DE-FE0012926 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    An Advanced Catalytic Solvent for Lower Cost Post-Combustion CO2 Capture in a Coal-fired Power Plant Project No.: DE-FE0012926 The University of Kentucky is testing an advanced catalyzed amine solvent coupled with a membrane dewatering component. The system will be used with a heat-integration process to reduce the energy of regeneration and show higher mass transfer, and lower capital cost, for post-combustion CO2 capture. A homogeneous catalyst is being used for enhanced scrubber kinetics.

  4. DE-FE0012959 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development of Mixed-Salt Technology for Carbon Dioxide Capture from Coal Power Plants Project No.: DE-FE0012959 SRI is testing a newly developed, low-cost, ammonia-based, mixed-salt, solvent CO2 capture technology at the bench-scale. This technology can be used in existing or new pulverized coal power plants. The project aims to show that the process can capture CO2 at high efficiency (> 90 percent) with high CO2 loading (> 10 weight percent) and require less than 2 gigajoules per tonne

  5. DE-FE0012965 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development of a Precombustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Process Using High Temperature Polybenzimidazole Hollow-Fiber Membrane Project No.: DE-FE0012965 SRI is conducting a bench-scale testing of a CO2 capture system using a high-temperature polymer-membrane-based gas separator. The system was developed at bench-scale as part of a previous project, and is being optimized for integration into an IGCC plant. Membrane modules of sufficient capacity will be fabricated to process a synthesis gas

  6. DE-FE0013687 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bench-Scale Process for Low-Cost Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture Using a Phase-Changing Absorbent Project No.: DE-FE0013687 GE global is constructing and operating a continuous, bench-scale CO2 capture system that employs a phase-changing silicone solvent . Experimental data obtained at the laboratory scale in a previous ARPA-E funded project, including mass transfer and kinetic information, is being used to determine process scalability and perform a techno-economic assessment of the commercial

  7. DE-FE0013755 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pilot-Scale Silicone Process for Low-Cost Carbon Dioxide Capture Project No.: DE-FE0013755 General Electric is using a novel silicone solvent to capture CO2 with a continuous pilot-scale system at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) test facility. This effort is based on a previous project focused on development at bench-scale. The system integrates unit operations unique to the aminosilicone-based CO2 capture process with existing infrastructure at NCCC. It will be sized appropriately to

  8. DE-FE0013865 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bench-Scale Development of a Non-Aqueous Solvent (NAS) CO2 Capture Process for Coal-Fired Power Plants Project No.: DE-FE0013865 Research Triangle Institute (RTI) is continuing the development process for a non-aqueous solvent (NAS)-based CO2 capture process that was originated at laboratory scale under an ARPA-E project. This project will conduct bench-scale testing to show the potential of the technology to reduce the parasitic energy penalty. Key technical and economic challenges and

  9. FWP05FE03 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Multi-Purpose Sensor for Detecting Pipeline Defects FWP05FE03 Goal: The goal of this project is to develop a multi-purpose sensor to be run inside a pipeline that can determine ovality of the pipe, structural defects in the pipe, wall thickness, the velocity/flow rate of gas within the pipe, and potentially detect external defects. The sensor will be integrated with an autonomous robotic platform providing a flexible in-line natural gas pipeline inspection tool. Background: The Los Alamos

  10. DE-FE0004001 Full text of Clauses

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PART I SECTION A - SOLICITATION/CONTRACT FORM OMB Approval No. 9000-0008 SOLICITATION, OFFER AND AWARD 1. RATING PAGE OF 1 246 PAGES 2. CONTRACT NO. DE-FE0004001 3. SOLICITATION NO. DE-SO26-08000664 4. TYPE OF SOLICITATION SEALED BID (IFB) X NEGOTIATED (RFP) 5. DATE ISSUED January 30, 2009 6. REQUISITION/PURCHASE NO. 26-08NT007047 7. ISSUED BY CODE 8. ADDRESS OFFER TO (If other than Item 7) U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory PO Box 880, 3610 Collins Ferry Road

  11. Long Term Applications Received by DOE/FE to Export

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Term Applications Received by DOE/FE to Export Domestically Produced LNG from the Lower-48 States (as of March 18, 2016) All Changes Since February 23, 2016 Update Are In Red 1 Company Quantity (a) FTA Applications (b) (Docket Number) Non-FTA Applications (c) (Docket Number) Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC 2.2 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) (d) Approved (10-85-LNG) Approved (F) (10-111-LNG) Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC 1.4 Bcf/d (d) Approved (10-160-LNG) Approved (F)

  12. Active eutectoid decomposition in Zr-3 wt.% Fe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, L.; Ramanujan, R.V.; Tewari, R.; Mukhopadhyay, P.; Banerjee, S.

    1999-02-19

    In the work reported here, the microstructural features associated with the active eutectoid decomposition of a near eutectoid alloy (Zr-3 wt.%Fe) on {beta} quenching were examined. The effects of aging after {beta} quenching, and of furnace cooling from the {beta} phase field, on the microstructure of the alloy were also studied. The microstructural characterization was carried out using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The room temperature mechanical properties corresponding to some of the microstructures were evaluated by mechanical testing.

  13. Long Term Applications Received by DOE/FE to Export

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Term Applications Received by DOE/FE to Export Domestically Produced LNG from the Lower-48 States (as of February 23, 2016) All Changes Since February 18, 2016 Update Are In Red 1 Company Quantity (a) FTA Applications (b) (Docket Number) Non-FTA Applications (c) (Docket Number) Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC 2.2 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) (d) Approved (10-85-LNG) Approved (F) (10-111-LNG) Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC 1.4 Bcf/d (d) Approved (10-160-LNG) Approved

  14. Pervasive faint Fe XIX emission from a solar active region observed with

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    EUNIS-13: Evidence for nanoflare heating (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Pervasive faint Fe XIX emission from a solar active region observed with EUNIS-13: Evidence for nanoflare heating Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Pervasive faint Fe XIX emission from a solar active region observed with EUNIS-13: Evidence for nanoflare heating We present spatially resolved EUV spectroscopic measurements of pervasive, faint Fe XIX 592.2 Å line emission in an active region observed during

  15. Microbial Lithotrophic Oxidation of Structural Fe(II) in Biotite (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Article) | SciTech Connect Microbial Lithotrophic Oxidation of Structural Fe(II) in Biotite Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Microbial Lithotrophic Oxidation of Structural Fe(II) in Biotite Microorganisms are known to participate in the weathering of primary phyllosilicate minerals through production of organic ligands and acids, and through uptake of products of weathering. Here we show that a lithotrophic Fe(II)-oxidizing, nitrate-reducing enrichment culture (Straub, 6 1996) can

  16. Site-specific electronic configurations of Fe 3d states by energy loss by channeled electrons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tatsumi, Kazuyoshi; Muto, Shunsuke; Nishida, Ikuo; Rusz, Jan

    2010-05-17

    Site-specific configurations of Fe 3d electrons in a spinel ferrite were investigated by electron energy loss spectroscopy under electron channeling conditions. Site-specific spectra were extracted by applying a multivariate curve resolution (MCR) technique to the data set. An electronic difference in the Fe sites caused by ligand field splitting of trivalent Fe was probed. This demonstrated the promise of site-specific valence and spin state analysis in spintronics applications of spinel ferrites.

  17. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR - EOS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-115-LNG - Order

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3364 | Department of Energy - EOS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-115-LNG - Order 3364 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR - EOS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-115-LNG - Order 3364 PDF icon October 2014 PDF icon April 2015 PDF icon October 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR BARCA LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-117-LNG - ORDER 3365

  18. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR BARCA LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-117-LNG - ORDER

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3365 | Department of Energy BARCA LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-117-LNG - ORDER 3365 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR BARCA LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-117-LNG - ORDER 3365 PDF icon October 2014 PDF icon April 2015 PDF icon October 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR - EOS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-115-LNG - Order 3364

  19. Ontario Power Generation Motion to Intervene & Comments in FE Docket No.

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    99-1 | Department of Energy Ontario Power Generation Motion to Intervene & Comments in FE Docket No. 99-1 Ontario Power Generation Motion to Intervene & Comments in FE Docket No. 99-1 Ontario Power Generation hereby moves to intervene in, and comments on, the DOE's proposed open access requirements for International Electric Transmission Facilities. PDF icon Ontario Power Company Motion to Intervene & Comments in FE Docket No. 99-1 More Documents & Publications Motion to

  20. FE Teams Earn Secretary of Energy Achievement Awards | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    FE Teams Earn Secretary of Energy Achievement Awards FE Teams Earn Secretary of Energy Achievement Awards October 4, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Secretary of Energy Steven Chu today honored two Office of Fossil Energy (FE) groups - the National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL) Coronary Stents Team and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's (SPR) 2011 Drawdown Team - with Secretary of Energy Achievement Awards for exceptional performance in carrying out the Department's mission. Small

  1. Comments of the Northeast Power Coordinating Council FE Docket No. 99-1 |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy the Northeast Power Coordinating Council FE Docket No. 99-1 Comments of the Northeast Power Coordinating Council FE Docket No. 99-1 On July 21, 1999 the Department of Energy, hereinafter "DOE" or the "Department" issued its Notice of Proposed Amendment to the Predidential Permits and Export Authorizations and Delegation and Assignment to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. PDF icon Comments of the Northeast Power Coordinating Council FE Docket

  2. Effect of CoFe insertion in Co{sub 2}MnSi/CoFe/n-GaAs junctions on spin injection properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebina, Yuya; Akiho, Takafumi; Liu, Hong-xi; Yamamoto, Masafumi; Uemura, Tetsuya

    2014-04-28

    The CoFe thickness (t{sub CoFe}) dependence of spin injection efficiency was investigated for Co{sub 2}MnSi/CoFe/n-GaAs junctions. The ?V{sub NL}/I value, which is a measure of spin injection efficiency, strongly depended on t{sub CoFe}, where ?V{sub NL} is the amplitude of a nonlocal spin-valve signal, and I is an injection current. Importantly, the maximum value of ?V{sub NL}/I for a Co{sub 2}MnSi/CoFe/n-GaAs junction was one order of magnitude higher than that for a CoFe/n-GaAs junction, indicating that a Co{sub 2}MnSi electrode works as a highly polarized spin source. No clear spin signal, on the other hand, was observed for a Co{sub 2}MnSi/n-GaAs junction due to diffusion of Mn atoms into the GaAs channel. Secondary ion mass spectrometry analysis indicated that the CoFe insertion effectively suppressed the diffusion of Mn into GaAs, resulting in improved spin injection properties compared with those for a Co{sub 2}MnSi/n-GaAs junction.

  3. Magnetic Interaction Reversal In Watermelon Nanostructured Cr-doped Fe Nanoclusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaur, Maninder; Dai, Qilin; Bowden, Mark E.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Wu, Yaqiao; Tang, Jinke; Qiang, You

    2013-11-11

    Cr-doped core-shell Fe/Fe-oxide nanoclusters (NCs) were synthesized at varied atomic percentages of Cr from 0 at. % to 8 at. %. The low concentrations of Cr (<10 at. %) were selected in order to inhibit the complete conversion of the Fe-oxide shell to Cr2O3 and the Fe core to FeCr alloy. The magnetic interaction in Fe/Fe-oxide NCs (rv25 nm) can be controlled by antiferromagnetic Cr-dopant. We report the origin of r-FeCr phase at very low Cr concentration (2 at. %) unlike in previous studies, and the interaction reversal from dipolar to exchange interaction in watermelon-like Cr-doped core-shell NCs. The giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect,1,2 where an antiferromagnetic (AFM) exchange coupling exists between two ferromagnetic (FM) layers separated by a certain type of magnetic or non-magnetic spacer,3 has significant potential for application in the magnetic recording industry. Soon after the discovery of the GMR, the magnetic properties of multilayer systems (FeCr) became a subject of intensive study. The application of bulk iron-chromium (Fe-Cr) alloys has been of great interest, as these alloys exhibit favorable prop- erties including corrosion resistance, high strength, hardness, low oxidation rate, and strength retention at elevated temper- ature. However, the structural and magnetic properties of Cr-doped Fe nanoclusters (NCs) have not been investigated in-depth. Of all NCs, Fe-based clusters have unique magnetic properties as well as favorable catalytic characteristics in reactivity, selectivity, and durability.4 The incorporation of dopant of varied type and concentration in Fe can modify its chemical ordering, thereby optimizing its electrical, optical, and magnetic properties and opening up many new applications. The substitution of an Fe atom (1.24 A˚ ) by a Cr atom (1.25 A˚ ) can easily modify the magnetic properties, since (i) the curie temperature (Tc ) of Fe is 1043 K, while Cr is an itinerant AFM with a bulk Neel temperature TN =311 K, and (ii) Fe and Cr share the same crystal structure (bcc) with only 0.5% difference between their lattice constants.

  4. Microsoft Word - santa-fe-county-fact-sheet-2013-2014.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the following schools in Santa Fe County participated in one or more of LANL's regional education programs. * Academy for Technology and the Classics * Acequia Madre Elementary *...

  5. The thermal equation of state of (Mg, Fe)SiO[subscript 3] bridgmanite...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: The thermal equation of state of (Mg, Fe)SiOsubscript 3 bridgmanite (perovskite) and implications for lower mantle structures ...

  6. Complex temperature evolution of the electronic structure of CaFe{sub

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    2}As{sub 2} (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Complex temperature evolution of the electronic structure of CaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Complex temperature evolution of the electronic structure of CaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} Employing high resolution photoemission spectroscopy, we investigate the temperature evolution of the electronic structure of CaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}, which is a parent compound of high temperature superconductors-CaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} exhibits

  7. Characterization of a Genuine S=1/2 Fe(V) Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Characterization of a Genuine S=1/2 Fe(V) Complex Núria Aliaga-Alcalde,1 Serena DeBeer George,2 Bernd Mienert,1 Eckhard Bill,1 Karl Wieghardt1 and Frank Neese1 1Max Planck Institut für Bioanorganische Chemie, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany 2Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA High-valent Fe(IV) and Fe(V) intermediates are invoked in the catalytic mechanisms of both heme and non-heme iron enzymes.[1, 2] Over the last several years, many Fe(IV)-oxo

  8. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR - CORPUS CHRISTI LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    15-97-LNG - ORDER 3699 | Department of Energy CORPUS CHRISTI LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 15-97-LNG - ORDER 3699 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR - CORPUS CHRISTI LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 15-97-LNG - ORDER 3699 PDF icon October 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR CHENIERE MARKETING, LLC AND CORPUS CHRISTI LIQUEFACTION, LLC (NFTA) - FE DKT. NO. 12-97-LNG - ORDER 3638 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR FREEPORT LNG EXPANSION L.P. & FLNG LIQUEFACTION, LLC - FE DKT.

  9. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR ALASKA LNG PROJECT LLC - FE DKT. NO. 14-96-LNG -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ORDER NO. 3554 | Department of Energy ALASKA LNG PROJECT LLC - FE DKT. NO. 14-96-LNG - ORDER NO. 3554 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR ALASKA LNG PROJECT LLC - FE DKT. NO. 14-96-LNG - ORDER NO. 3554 PDF icon APRIL 2015 PDF icon October 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR ALASKA LNG PROJECT, LLC - FE DKT NO. 14-96-LNG - ORDER 3643 (NFTA) SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT - PORT ARTHUR LNG - DKT. NO. 15-53-LNG - ORD. 3698 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT - GULF LNG LIQUEFACTION COMPANY, LLC - FE DKT. NO.

  10. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR AMERICAN LNG MARKETING LLC, FE DKT. 15-19-LNG -

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    ORDER 3656 | Department of Energy AMERICAN LNG MARKETING LLC, FE DKT. 15-19-LNG - ORDER 3656 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR AMERICAN LNG MARKETING LLC, FE DKT. 15-19-LNG - ORDER 3656 PDF icon October 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR AMERICAN LNG MARKETING LLC - FTA - DKT. 14-209-LNG - ORDER NO. 3601 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR Louisiana LNG Energy LLC - FE DKT. NO 14-19-LNG - ORDER 3482 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR MAIN PASS ENERGY HUB, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-114-LNG - ORDER 3220

  11. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR GASFIN DEVELOPMENT USA, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 13-06-LNG

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    - ORDER 3253 | Department of Energy GASFIN DEVELOPMENT USA, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 13-06-LNG - ORDER 3253 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR GASFIN DEVELOPMENT USA, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 13-06-LNG - ORDER 3253 PDF icon April 2013 PDF icon October 2013 PDF icon April 2014 PDF icon October 2014 PDF icon April 2015 PDF icon October 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT - GULF LNG LIQUEFACTION COMPANY, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-47-LNG - ORDER 3104 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR - EOS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO.

  12. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR GOLDEN PASS PRODUCTS LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-88-LNG -

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    ORDER 3147 | Department of Energy GOLDEN PASS PRODUCTS LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-88-LNG - ORDER 3147 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR GOLDEN PASS PRODUCTS LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-88-LNG - ORDER 3147 PDF icon April 2013 PDF icon October 2013 PDF icon April 2014 PDF icon October 2014 PDF icon April 2015 PDF icon October 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT - GULF LNG LIQUEFACTION COMPANY, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-47-LNG - ORDER 3104 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR SOUTHERN LNG COMPANY - FE DKT. NO.

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    3413 | Department of Energy JORDAN COVE ENERGY FE DKT. NO. 12-32-LNG - ORDER 3413 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR JORDAN COVE ENERGY FE DKT. NO. 12-32-LNG - ORDER 3413 PDF icon April 2014 PDF icon October 2014 PDF icon April 2015 PDF icon October 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR JORDAN COVE ENERGY PROJECT, L.P. - FE DKT. NO. 11-127-LNG - ORDER 3041 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR JORDAN COVE LNG L.P. - FE DKT. NO. 13-141-LNG - ORDER 3412 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT - GULF LNG

  14. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR SEAONE PASCAGOULA, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 14-83-LNG -

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    ORDER 3555 | Department of Energy SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR SEAONE PASCAGOULA, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 14-83-LNG - ORDER 3555 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR SEAONE PASCAGOULA, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 14-83-LNG - ORDER 3555 PDF icon April 2015 PDF icon October 2015 More Documents & Publications SeaOne Gulfport, LLC (formerly known as SeaOne Pascaguola, LLC)- FE Dkt. No. 14-83-CGL SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT - GULF LNG LIQUEFACTION COMPANY, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-47-LNG - ORDER 3104 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR AMERICAN LNG

  15. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR TEXAS LNG - TEXAS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO.

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    13-160-LNG - 3443 | Department of Energy TEXAS LNG - TEXAS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-160-LNG - 3443 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR TEXAS LNG - TEXAS LNG - FTA - FE DKT. NO. 13-160-LNG - 3443 PDF icon October 2014 PDF icon April 2015 More Documents & Publications SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS - TEXAS LNG BROWNSVILLE LLC - FE DKT. 15-62-LNG - Order 3716 FTA SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR - STROM, INC. - FE DKT. NO. 14-56-LNG - ORDER NO 3537 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR WALLER LNG SERVICES, LLC D/B/A WALLER POINT LNG

  16. Nanostructure evolution in joining of Al and Fe nanoparticles with femtosecond laser irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiao, Z.; Huang, H.; Zhou, Y. E-mail: nzhou@uwaterloo.ca; Liu, L.; Hu, A.; Duley, W.; He, P. E-mail: nzhou@uwaterloo.ca

    2014-04-07

    The joining of Al-Fe nanoparticles (NPs) by femtosecond (fs) laser irradiation is reported in this paper. Fe and Al NPs were deposited on a carbon film in vacuum via fs laser ablation. Particles were then exposed to multiple fs laser pulses at fluences between 0.5 and 1.3?mJ/cm{sup 2}. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Electron Diffraction X-ray observations indicate that Al and Fe NPs bond to each other under these conditions. For comparison, bonding of Al to Al and Fe to Fe NPs was also investigated. The nanostructure, as observed using TEM, showed that individual Al NPs were monocrystalline while individual Fe NPs were polycrystalline prior to joining and that these structures are retained after the formation of Al-Al and Fe-Fe NPs. Al-Fe NPs produced by fs laser joining exhibited a mixed amorphous and crystalline phase at the interface. Bonding is suggested to originate from intermixing within a region of high field intensity between particles.

  17. Structural and magnetic stability of Fe{sub 2}NiSi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Dinesh C. Bhat, Idris Hamid Chauhan, Mamta

    2014-04-24

    Full-potential ab-initio calculations in the stable F-43m phase have been performed to investigate the structural and magnetic properties of Fe{sub 2}NiSi inverse Heusler alloys. The spin magnetic moment distributions show that present material is ferromagnetic in stable F-43m phase. Further, spin resolved electronic structure calculations show that the discrepancy in magnetic moments of Fe-I and Fe-II depend upon the hybridization of Fe with the main group element. It is found that the main group electron concentration is predominantly responsible in establishing the magnetic properties, formation of magnetic moments and the magnetic order for present alloy.

  18. Thickness-dependent coherent phonon frequency in ultrathin FeSe/SrTiO3

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    films (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Thickness-dependent coherent phonon frequency in ultrathin FeSe/SrTiO3 films Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Thickness-dependent coherent phonon frequency in ultrathin FeSe/SrTiO3 films Ultrathin FeSe films grown on SrTiO3 substrates are a recent milestone in atomic material engineering due to their important role in understanding unconventional superconductivity in Fe-based materials. By using femtosecond time- and angle-resolved

  19. The Effects of Hydrocarbons on NOx Reduction over Fe-based SCR Catalyst |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Hydrocarbons on NOx Reduction over Fe-based SCR Catalyst The Effects of Hydrocarbons on NOx Reduction over Fe-based SCR Catalyst Study of effects of hydrocarbons on ammonia storage and NOx reduction over a commercial Fe-zeolite SCR catalyst to understand catalyst behaviors at low temperatures and improve NOx reduction performance and reduce system cost PDF icon deer10_lee.pdf More Documents & Publications Hydrocarbon Inhibition and HC Storage Modeling in Fe-Zeolite

  20. Ferro-Orbital Ordering Transition in Iron Telluride Fe1+yTe ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    frustration effects of the interstitial Fe decouple different orders, leading to a sequence of transitions. While the lattice distortion is closely followed by incommensurate...