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1

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Costa Rica Efficiency-seeking FDI: (1) Electronics (2) Medical devices (3) IT-based services (4) Clothing (past) (5) Automotive equipment (future) Market-based FDI: (1) Tourism (2) Real estate #12;Why

2

FDI as a Sustainable Development Strategy: Evidence from Mexican Manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CA 94720 FDI as a Sustainable Development Strategy: EvidenceSecurity and Sustainable Development, Berkeley, California.P. Gallagher: FDI as a Sustainable Development Strategy:

Gallagher, Kevin P

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

FDI Waves, Waves of Neglect of Political Risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Studies of the impact of local political risk on foreign direct investment inflows overlook that worldwide FDI comes in waves. Using a simple model we show that the impact of political risk on FDI inflows is likely to be weaker, the larger the worldwide amount of FDI, which may question standard estimates and their policy implications. Using a large sample of developing and developed economies, we estimate the sensitivity of the distribution of FDI inflows across countries, to the local political risk. We find that it is a decreasing function of the worldwide amount of FDI. This finding has been upheld after many robustness checks.

Pierre-Guillaume Méon; Khalid Sekkat

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Ownership biases and FDI in China: two provinces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jiangsu and Zhejiang are of two of China most prosperous and dynamic provinces. This paper first presents a factual account of two empirical phenomena: 1) FDI has played a more substantial role in the economic development ...

Huang, Yasheng

2005-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

5

Impact of Political Risk and Uncertainty on FDI in South Asia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the potential effect of political risk and macroeconomic policy uncertainty on FDI in South Asia. To highlight the affect of political risk and macro policy uncertainty on FDI, we ... ) is use...

Muhammad Azam; Muhammad Arshad Khan; Nasir Iqbal

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

In search of FDI-transmitted R&D spillovers: A study based on Swedish data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Search of FDI-Transmitted R& D Spillovers: A Study Based on Swedish Data. — This paper analyzes empirically whether inward ... investment (FDI) work as channels for international R&D spillovers. The authors ut...

Henrik Braconier; Karolina Ekholm…

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Microsoft Word - FDI A&D 2007.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Acquisitions and Divestitures in U.S. Energy Acquisitions and Divestitures in U.S. Energy by Foreign Direct Investors 2007 Findings  Based on EIA's latest analysis of information on acquisitions and divestitures by foreign direct investors in the U.S. energy industry, net FDI acquisitions (the value of acquisitions minus divestitures) jumped from negative in 2006 to the highest level since 1998, when British Petroleum purchased Amoco.  Gross FDI acquisitions in 2007 were almost five times higher than in 2006, and were exceeded only by 1998 and 2000, when a large single acquisition dominated each year. In contrast, eleven transactions exceeded $1 billion in 2007.  Divestitures in 2007 dropped to about one-sixth of the 2006 amount, reaching the lowest level of FDI divestitures since 1997. The only large divestiture by a foreign direct

8

What kind of theory for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Bulgaria?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to present a theoretical framework to analyse and understand the reasons behind Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) decisions in Bulgaria, during its transition to a market economy. The analysis points out that the process concerning investment decisions in Bulgaria has been a distinctly dynamic and complex process, which was affected by diverse factors at different stages of transition. More precisely, over time and as the transition reforms progressed, many of the location challenges turned into location advantages that contributed to the attraction of significant amounts of FDI, especially in the last few years before the global economic crisis struck.

Christina Sakali

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

EKF BASED ESTIMATOR FOR FDI IN THE MODEL IV FCCU Yuanjie Huang, Sourabh Dash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EKF BASED ESTIMATOR FOR FDI IN THE MODEL IV FCCU Yuanjie Huang, Sourabh Dash G. V. Reklaitis study, a EKF based estimator for the Model IV FCCU is investigated. This model is multivariable variables. Performance of the estimator's application to the AmocoModel IV FCCU case study in terms of early

Venkatasubramanian, Venkat

10

Columbia FDI Perspectives Perspectives on topical foreign direct investment issues by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Columbia FDI Perspectives Perspectives on topical foreign direct investment issues by the Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment No. 19, February 23, 2010 Editor-in-Chief: Karl P Committee on International Economic Policy with reviewing the U.S. Model bilateral investment treaty (BIT

Tufts University

11

Thinking locally: exploring the importance of a subsidiary-centred model of FDI-related spillovers in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates FDI-related spillovers in Brazil. Contrasting to previous studies on other emerging economies, it found horizontal spillovers. However, spillovers did not arise simply as consequence of technology transfer from MNC headquarters as the standard approach presumes; nor were associated with differences in technological intensity across industries, in domestic firms' absorptive capability. Instead, spillovers were associated with particular kinds of localised knowledge-creation activities by subsidiaries. Those findings have both significant theory and policy implications. They help to make clear the explanatory limitations of the dominant 'centrally-driven' perspectives, and point to the relevance of focusing on subsidiaries' technological behaviour in order to explain the existence or not of FDI-related spillovers. This implies that government policies aiming at simply attracting FDI do not ensure that FDI-related spillovers will automatically take place. Instead, effective policies on this matter should be concerned with the innovative behaviour of already established subsidiaries.

Anabel Marin; Ionara Costa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

FDI in retail sector India: structural reform more than a political reform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In our brief study, we try to address one of these market inefficiencies, by studying the Indian retail sector, which has posed as a structural defect causing a political battle rather than an economic one. We take a historical outlook to the contribution of retail and wholesale sector in our economy with respect to other sectors, before and after FDI was introduced. To prove this defect, we concentrate on two aspects of the retail sector. We discuss the present procurement and distribution system in the basic agricultural commodities which is majorly handled by the government agencies. We also brush along the outdated legislation which regulates the whole market and is the underlying cause of un-competitiveness in the sector. We analyse the views of skeptics and try to reason out some biases within their work. We conclude with recommendations that free market is better than a nationalised one.

Ankit Arora

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

(17-18 March 2008, Cairo- Egypt) ASSESSING THE EMPLOYMENT EFFECT OF FDI INFLOWS TO EGYPT: DOES THE MODE OF ENTRY MATTER? 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foreign direct investment (FDI) has dominated economic literature, especially the development areas of economics, over the last thirty years, due to the potential effects it has on the economy of a host country; these effects range from influencing the production, employment, income, prices, exports, imports, to affecting the economic growth, balance of

Nada Massoud; Nada Massoud; I. Introduction

14

RAPID/Roadmap/3-FD-i | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

against the lessee; and The legal entity is in good standing and authorized to conduct business in the jurisdiction where the land is located. The BIA begins reviewing...

15

C:\Documents and Settings\fg3\My Documents\HOMEPAGE\finance\fdi\fdi2001.prn.pdf  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Foreign Direct Investment In U.S. Energy 2001 Foreign Direct Investment In U.S. Energy 2001 July 2003 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. ii Contacts This report was prepared in the Office of Energy Markets and End Use of the Energy Information Administration (EIA), U.S. Department of Energy, under the general direction of W. Calvin Kilgore. The project was directed by Mark E. Rodekohr, Director of the Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division (202) 586-1130, and

16

The Fault Diagnosis of Electric Railway Traction Substation with Model-Based Diagnosis of Integration of FDI and DX Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most diagnosis systems used in electric railway substation are expert systems based on experiences, which ... applied to diagnose the electric devices in railway substation. The system model knowledge can be obta...

Zhigang Liu; Zhiwei Han; Wei Zhong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Role of Political Violence in Foreign Direct Investment Decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most developing countries are trying to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) because the traditional sources of ... . FDI has other advantages in terms of risk sharing and technology transfers. The role of political

H. Singh

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Out of passivity: potential role of OFDI in IFDI-based learning trajectory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study discusses how outward foreign direct investment (FDI) can complement the inward FDI-based technological capability-building process, through an analysis of the Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation case. When ...

Nam, Kyung-Min

19

Integrated Fault Detection and Isolation: Application to a Winery's Wastewater Treatment Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, an integrated object-oriented fuzzy logic fault detection and isolation (FDI) module for a biological wastewater treatment process is presented. The defined FDI strategy and the software implementation are detailed. Using experimental ... Keywords: anaerobic digestion, fuzzy logic, object-oriented programming, on-line fault detection and isolation (FDI), wastewater treatment

Antoine Genovesi; Jérôme Harmand; Jean-Philippe Steyer

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Essays on the Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth and Welfare: The Case of Sub-Saharan Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

restrictions on cross border capital flows, and reaching record levels in the 2000s when it averaged US$ 20,266.6 million. In the last three years, 2010-2012, FDI flows averaged nearly US$ 38 million with annual flows topping US$ 40 millions in 2011 and 2012... industry level data from 29 countries for the period 1985-2000, find that FDI in- creases growth when we account for the “quality” of FDI, adding that FDI at the industry level contributes to higher growth. Again the issue of the quality of FDI raises...

Kamara, Yusufu Unisa

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Simulation of Sensor Fault Diagnosis for Wind Turbine Generators DFIG and PMSM Using Kalman Filter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fault detection and isolation of generators used in wind turbines gathering interest as to maximize the reliability and avail of distributed energy systems with recent unmatched growth in construction of offshore wind farms. In particular it is interested in performing fault detection and isolation (FDI) of incipient faults affecting the measurements of the three-phase signals (currents) in a controlled DFIG and PMSG. Although different authors have dealt with FDI for sensors in induction machines and in DFIGs, most of them rely on the machine model with constant parameters. However, the parameter uncertainties due to changes in the operating conditions will produce degradation in the performance of such FDI systems. The robust techniques to detect faults are exist but there is a need of extra sensor. This paper proposed a systematic methodology for the design of sensor FDI systems with the following characteristics: i) capable of detecting and isolating incipient additive (bias) faults, ii) robust against changes in the references/disturbances affecting the controlled DFIG and PMSG as well as modeling/parametric uncertainties, iii) residual generation system based on a multi-observer strategy to enhance the isolation process, The designed sensor FDI systems have been validated using measured voltages, as well as simulated data from a controlled DFIG. First the state space models of DFIG and PMSM explained followed by kalman filter introduction and current sensor fault detection using a bank of kalman filter named dedicated Observer Scheme and generalized Observer scheme to detect simultaneous and multiple faults was theorized and simulated using MATLAB simulation tool .The simulation results were summarized with and without Sensor fault.

R. Saravanakumar; M. Manimozhi; D.P. Kothari; M. Tejenosh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive technology development Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning at the MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY... direct investment (FDI), intra-organizational proximity, and in-house technology development performances... for the...

23

Development of foreign direct investment in Finland.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??During 1990 to 2009, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI henceforth) in Finland has fluctuated greatly. This paper focused on analyzing the overall development and basic characteristics… (more)

Yanyan, Yan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Bilateral Investment Treaties and Foreign Direct Investment: Correlation versus Causation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and similar international investment agreements, as well asThe di?usion of bilateral investment treaties, 1960-2000. UCM. : 2003, Do bilateral investment treaties attract FDI?

Aisbett, Emma

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

The effect of trade liberalisation and foreign direct investment in Mexico.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis analyses how trade liberalisation and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) have impacted on Mexico’s economy. Time series econometric estimations techniques and estimations of a… (more)

Vasquez Galan, Belem Iliana

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Location Decisions and Network Configurations of Foreign Investment in Urban China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decisiones locacionales y configuraciones de redes de inversi´on for´anea directa (FDI, por acr´onimo en ingl localizaci´on y redes de FDI: descentralizaci´on y empoderamiento de los estados locales, mercadizaci´on e

Wei, Yehua Dennis

27

Fault detection and isolation of a dual spool gas turbine engine using dynamic neural networks and multiple model approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a fault detection and isolation (FDI) scheme for an aircraft jet engine is developed. The proposed FDI system is based on the multiple model approach and utilizes dynamic neural networks (DNNs) to accomplish this goal. Towards this end, ... Keywords: Bank of detection and isolation filters, Dual spool gas turbine engine, Dynamic neural networks, Fault diagnosis, Multiple model scheme

Z. N. Sadough Vanini; K. Khorasani; N. Meskin

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

The drivers of foreign direct investment in telecommunications among developing countries : the role of government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the late 1980s, globalization of the world's economies and technological development created the conditions for the expansion of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in telecommunications. This tendency has been further ...

Cruz Alemán, Guillermo Alberto

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

NICOLA BORREGAARD WORKING GROUP ON DEVELOPMENT AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investments in the services sector (hotels, real estate, call centers, finance) #12;Key aspects determining sustainable investments · Commitment by the individual company (example Masisa) #12;FDI and large scale

30

Foreign direct investment, intra-organizational proximity, and technological capability : the case of China's automobile industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three self-contained essays, each of which examines part of the causal link among inward/outward foreign direct investment (FDI), intra-organizational proximity, and in-house technology ...

Nam, Kyung-min

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Capital controls and foreign direct investment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the effect of three types of capital control policies on FDI (a) the existence of multiple exchange rates; (b) restrictions on capital account, and (c) restrictions on the repatriation of export proceeds. ...

Asiedu, Elizabeth; Lien, Donald

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

localization that limits the present measurements. The knowledge thus gained will have input not only to fusion research, but to may ques- tions of basic plasma physics....

33

Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the Department of Physics & Astronomy. Chapel Hill 2005 Approved: A. E. Champagne, Advisor J. C. Blackmon, Reader C. Iliadis, Reader ABSTRACT Ryan P. Fitzgerald: Measurement of...

34

1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Foreign Direct Investors by Foreign Direct Investors in U.S. Energy 2005 Findings Total acquisitions and divestitures by foreign direct investors (FDI) in the U.S. energy industry fell 18 percent in 2005, with much of the decline attributable to divestitures. Acquisitions by FDI declined moderately, with most of the fall due to lower levels of investment in electric power. Divestitures by FDI fell 33 percent, their lowest level since 1999, with both coal and petroleum refining and marketing and mid/downstream natural gas falling to nearly zero. The largest acquisition was Norsk Hydro's (Norway) purchase of Spinnaker Exploration, an oil and gas producer with assets largely in the Gulf of Mexico. The largest divestiture was Credit Suisse's (Switzerland) sale of American Ref-Fuel Holdings, an

35

Do International Investment Agreements promote Foreign Direct Investment?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main objective of this study is to empirically evaluate the influences of IIAs on FDI patterns in the developing countries. Our study primarily focuses on the effects of four types of international instruments: Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs), the avoidance of Double Taxation Treaties (DTTs), Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) and World Trade Organization (WTO). We estimate the gravity equation for bilateral FDI stock from seven source countries and 122 developing host countries over the period 1966-2005. Our results show that foreign investors positively respond to BITs, DTTs, PTAs and the WTO agreement.

Ali Al-Sadig

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Imports, Productivity Growth, and Supply Chain Learning Garrick Blalock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of international technology transfer adds a critical third component, along with exports and FDI, to the argument technology transfer. Using a detailed panel of Indonesian manufacturers, our analysis shows that firms-driven technology transfer occurs. To our knowledge, these are the first firm-level results showing that downstream

Veloso, Francisco

37

Aircraft Power Generators: Hybrid Modeling and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aircraft Power Generators: Hybrid Modeling and Simulation for Fault Detection ASHRAF TANTAWY University Integrated drive generators (IDGs) are the main source of electrical power for a number, and a majority of the existing FDI techniques for the electrical subsystem (brushless generator) are based

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

38

Dynamic neural network-based fault diagnosis of gas turbine engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a neural network-based fault detection and isolation (FDI) scheme is presented to detect and isolate faults in a highly nonlinear dynamics of an aircraft jet engine. Towards this end, dynamic neural networks (DNN) are first developed to ... Keywords: Aircraft jet engine, Bank of filters, Computational intelligence, Dynamic neural networks, Fault detection and isolation, Fault diagnosis, Multiple model schemes

S. Sina Tayarani-Bathaie; Z. N. Sadough Vanini; K. Khorasani

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Relaxed fault detection and isolation: An application to a nonlinear case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given a number of possibly concurrent faults (and disturbances) that may affect a nonlinear dynamic system, it may not be possible to solve the standard fault detection and isolation (FDI) problem, i.e., to detect and isolate each single fault from all ... Keywords: Fault detection and isolation, Fault sets, Geometric conditions, Nonlinear systems, Robot manipulators

Raffaella Mattone; Alessandro De Luca

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Density measurements Viscosity measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Density measurements Viscosity measurements Temperature measurements Pressure measurements Flow rate measurements Velocity measurements Sensors How to measure fluid flow properties ? Am´elie Danlos Ravelet Experimental methods for fluid flows: an introduction #12;Density measurements Viscosity

Ravelet, Florent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Measurement-Measurement-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet Measurement- System A Measurement- System B Control System GPS Satellite GPS Satellite GPS Receiver GPS Receiver 2) measurement 3) data1) command Methodology for One-way IP Performance Measurement This paper proposes a methodology for measurement of one-way IP performance metrics such as one-way delay

Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"

42

Foreign Direct Investment in U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

in in 2000 This report presents an analysis of foreign direct investment in U.S. energy resources and companies in 2000. Foreign direct investment (FDI) is the ownership or control of 10 percent, or more, of a U.S. business (or asset) by a foreign entity. In this report a U.S. business with at least 10 percent foreign ownership is a "foreign- affiliated company" (FDI affiliate) and the foreign owner holding at least 10 percent ownership is the "parent." The report describes the role of foreign ownership in U.S. energy enterprises with respect to net investment (including net loans), energy operations, capital investment, and financial performance. Additionally, since energy investments are made in a global context, this report examines patterns of direct investment in foreign

43

Bilateral political relations and sovereign wealth fund investment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the role of bilateral political relations in sovereign wealth fund (SWF) investment decisions. Our empirical results suggest that political relations play a role in SWF decision making. Contrary to predictions based on the FDI and political relations literature, we find that relative to nations in which they do not invest, \\{SWFs\\} prefer to invest in nations with which they have weaker political relations. Using a two-stage Cragg model, we find that political relations are an important factor in where \\{SWFs\\} invest but matter less in determining how much to invest. Inconsistent with the FDI and political relations literature, these results suggest that \\{SWFs\\} behave differently than rational investors who maximize return while minimizing risk. Consistent with the trade and political relations literature, we find that SWF investment has a positive (negative) impact for relatively closed (open) countries. Our results suggest that \\{SWFs\\} use—at least partially—non-financial motives in investment decisions.

April Knill; Bong-Soo Lee; Nathan Mauck

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Foreign direct investment in emerging markets and acquirers’ value gains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We investigate the shareholder wealth effects of 306 foreign direct investment (FDI) announcements by UK firms in seventy-five emerging markets (EM). Our results show that acquirers enjoy highly significant gains during the announcement period of FDI. Perhaps surprisingly, the highest gains are accrued to acquirers investing in countries with high political risk and high corruption ratings. The type of asset acquired has also a significant effect on the gains of acquirers’ shareholders, with the highest gains accrued to acquirers of physical assets. Also, investments in physical assets in EM with a high corruption rating elicit the highest gains. We contend that UK firms following resource-seeking strategies in EM with a high corruption rating are facilitated access to resources on favorable terms and this is viewed positively by the market participants. Our results are robust to alternative model specifications and the endogenous choice to expand internationally.

Leonidas Barbopoulos; Andrew Marshall; Cameron MacInnes; Patrick McColgan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

vibration measurement ? Erschütterungsmessung, Schwingungsmessung f [Schwingungsmessungen dienen dazu, die Schwingungsanfälligkeit von Bauwerken realitätsnah zu erfassen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Measurement fundamentals  

SciTech Connect

The need to have accurate petroleum measurement is obvious. Petroleum measurement is the basis of commerce between oil producers, royalty owners, oil transporters, refiners, marketers, the Department of Revenue, and the motoring public. Furthermore, petroleum measurements are often used to detect operational problems or unwanted releases in pipelines, tanks, marine vessels, underground storage tanks, etc. Therefore, consistent, accurate petroleum measurement is an essential part of any operation. While there are several methods and different types of equipment used to perform petroleum measurement, the basic process stays the same. The basic measurement process is the act of comparing an unknown quantity, to a known quantity, in order to establish its magnitude. The process can be seen in a variety of forms; such as measuring for a first-down in a football game, weighing meat and produce at the grocery, or the use of an automobile odometer.

Webb, R.A. [Marathon Pipe Line Co., Findlay, OH (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

ARM - Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement Instrument Sponsor Aircraft State PositionVelocity @ 10Hz Trimble DSM(tm) AAF PitchRollAzimuth Trimble Advanced Navigation System (TANS)10Hz AAF...

48

Shell Measures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

49

Abstract Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

however, are not well understood in this energy range. This dissertation presents a measurement of the ratio of CC + to CCQE cross-sections for muon neutrinos on mineral oil (CH...

50

A Measuring  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

clozapine. Relation to extrapyramidal side ffects. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1992; 49538-544. Smith M, Wolf AP, Brodie JD, et. al. Serial '*F-N- methylspiroperidol PET studies to measure...

51

15 - Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on the various methods and equipments used in the measurement of liquids and gases in pipelines. Streams that transport mixed natural gas liquids require the use of mass measurement to accurately account for the volume of the components, which make up the mix. Mass measurement eliminates the effects of non-ideal mixing and the need for compressibility factors. The measurement system that provides basic simplicity, reliability, wide acceptance, and the capability of handling variable mix streams without breaking new frontiers in measurement methods is the orifice flow measuring element with online density meter and microprocessor flow computer. The orifice is a static device generally inert to the measured fluid conditions, and calibration consists of simple dimensional measurement and conformance to specified physical tolerances. The second element, the density meter, is an external unit that is easily isolated from the flowing stream for calibration, inspection, and maintenance. The relative insensitivity of CO2 density to small changes in pressure in the primary flow to the orifice meters permits locating the density meter upstream of the meter manifold, thereby serving several meters. The microprocessor flow computer, or third element of the system, is essential to achieve the advantages of integrated mass flow, which comes from the ability of the computer to make computations in essentially "real time." A development program to improve the overall uncertainty of orifice metering was initiated by Shell Pipeline Corporation. The program's goal was to develop an economical method for proving ethylene orifice meters under actual operating conditions. Shell's ethylene systems are operated in the dense phase fluid region due to lower transportation costs. The ethylene meter stations operate in two regions, the dense-phase fluid and single-phase gas regions.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Does financial development contribute to SAARC?S energy demand? From energy crisis to energy reforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract SAARC members urgently need to secure sustainable energy supplies at affordable prices. Alarmingly high oil prices in the face of ever increasing energy demand have resulted in severe pressure on resources of SAARC members. The objective of this study examine the relationship among energy consumption, economic growth, relative prices of energy, FDI and different financial development indicators (i.e., broad money supply, liquid liabilities, domestic credit provided by banking sector and domestic credit to private sector) in the panel of selected SAARC countries namely Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka over a period of 1975–2011. Panel cointegration test suggest that the variables are cointegrated and have a long-run relationship between them. In addition, three different panel data methods i.e. pooled least square, fixed effects and random effects have been used to test the validity of the “energy-growth nexus via financial development” in the SAARC region. Specification tests (i.e., F-test and Hausman test) indicate that the fixed effect model considered as the best model to examine the relationship between energy and growth determinants, this implies that variables are apparently influenced by country effects only. The fixed effect model shows that there is a significant relationship among energy consumption, economic growth, FDI and financial development (FD) proxies, however, FD indicators has a larger impact on increasing energy demand, followed by GDP per capita and FDI. Therefore, it is concluded that there is a trade-off between the energy and growth variables in SAARC region, collective efforts is required to transform SAARC region from an energy-starved to an energy efficient region.

Arif Alam; Ihtisham Abdul Malik; Alias Bin Abdullah; Asmadi Hassan; Faridullah; Usama Awan; Ghulam Ali; Khalid Zaman; Imran Naseem

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Case No. VBH-0036  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 September 23, 1999 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Complainant: XXXXXXX Date of Filing: August 24, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0036 XXXXXXX (the complainant) filed a complaint against his employer, Fluor Daniel, Inc. (FDI), and two other DOE contractors, Duke Engineering & Services (DE&S) and TRW Environmental Safety Systems (TRW), pursuant to the DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In that complaint, the complainant alleges that he suffered reprisals because he had made a disclosure that is protected by Part 708. I. Background The Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to encourage contractor employees to

54

UNIDO Investment and Technology Promotion | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNIDO Investment and Technology Promotion UNIDO Investment and Technology Promotion Jump to: navigation, search Name UNIDO Investment and Technology Promotion Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization Topics Finance, Implementation, Market analysis Website http://www.unido.org/index.php References UNIDO Investment and Technology Promotion [1] "Economic growth required for eradication of poverty and the achievement of the other associated MDGs depends on capital accumulation (investment) and technical change going hand in hand. Investment in plant and machinery, with its impulse of new ideas and technologies, contributes to productivity growth, as do technological progress, upgrading and diffusion. Foreign direct investment (FDI) in particular is an important driver of industrial

55

Foreign direct investment and governance quality in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies the effect of poor governance quality on foreign direct investment in Russia. Using a survey of businesses across forty administrative districts, we find that higher frequency of using illegal payments and higher pressure from regulatory agencies, enforcement authorities, and criminals, negatively affect foreign direct investment. Our identification strategy builds on the exogenous cross-regional variation in worker strikes during 1895–1914, the period before the October Revolution. We find that moving from the average to the top governance quality across Russian regions more than doubles the FDI stock.

Olga Kuzmina; Natalya Volchkova; Tatiana Zueva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Measuring Terrorism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Terrorism will be high on the political agenda for many years to come. Various policies are open to a government fighting terrorism but, in any case, considerable costs are involved. In the competition for political support, the costs and benefits of anti-terrorism policies will be debated. Better information about terrorism and its consequences can improve policy outcome if there is electoral competition. Over the last few years, economic scholars have analysed the effects terrorist acts have on various aspects of the economy. The findings of these impact studies are summarised in this paper. They capture, however, only part of the overall utility losses. Hence, several approaches to value public goods and conceptual issues concerning their application to terrorism are discussed. In particular, the hedonic market approach, the averting behaviour method, the contingent valuation method and vote and popularity functions are reviewed. Further, an exploratory analysis of estimating individuals ’ utility losses using life satisfaction or happiness data is presented. This paper also discusses a substantially different approach combining measurement and decision-making, namely popular referenda.

Bruno S. Frey; Simon Luechinger

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Magnetotelluric measurements  

SciTech Connect

The ideas of flux quantization and Josephson tunneling are reviewed, and the operation of the dc SQUID as a magnetometer is described. The SQUID currently used for magnetotellurics has a sensitivity of 10/sup -14/ T Hz/sup -1/2/, a dynamic range at 10/sup 7/ in a 1 Hz bandwidth, a frequency response from 0 to 40 kHz, and a slewing rate of 5 x 10/sup -5/T s/sup -1/. Recent improvements in sensitivity are discussed: SQUIDS are rapidly approaching the limit imposed by the uncertainty principle. The essential ideas of magnetotelluric (MT) measurements are outlined, and it is shown how the remote reference method can lead to major reductions in bias errors compared to more conventional schemes. The field techniques of the Berkeley group are described. The practical application of MT requires that amplitude and phase spectra of apparent resistivities be transformed into a geologically useful distribution of subsurface resistivities. In many areas where MT is being applied today, the technique may not provide the information needed because stations are too few and widely spaced, or because we are unable to interpret data influenced by complex 3-D resistivity features. The results of two surveys, one detailed, the other regional, over the Klamath Basin, Oregon, are examined. The detailed survey is able to resolve small (1 km wide) structural features that are missed or add a component of spatial aliasing to the regional data. On the other hand, the regional survey avoids truncation effects that may occur when the survey undersamples an area.

Clarke, J.; Goldstein, N.E.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

SOFTWARE RELATEDSOFTWARE-RELATED MEASUREMENT:MEASUREMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOFTWARE RELATEDSOFTWARE-RELATED MEASUREMENT:MEASUREMENT: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES CEM KANER, J and lazy? Most managers who I know have tried at least oney g measurement program--and abandoned them: · Measurement theory and how it applies to software development metrics (which, at their core, are typically

59

Vibration Measurement and Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Successful vibration measurement and analysis require an intimate familiarity with types of measurement, transducer characteristics and application, plus the...

V. Schlegel

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Heterodyne vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analytic expressions are derived for the vibration amplitude and frequency in a heterodyne measurement method. The measurement accuracy is estimated.

A. A. Titov

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NVLAP Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty #12;Assessor Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 3 Measurement Uncertainty ·Calibration and testing labs performing Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 4 Measurement Uncertainty ·When the nature of the test precludes

62

Introduction Dynamic Risk Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Dynamic Risk Measures Dynamic Risk Measures from BMO martingales Bid-Ask Dynamic Pricing Procedure Conclusion MESURES DE RISQUE DYNAMIQUES DYNAMIC RISK MEASURES Jocelyne Bion-Nadal CNRS Risk Measures Dynamic Risk Measures from BMO martingales Bid-Ask Dynamic Pricing Procedure Conclusion

Bion-Nadal, Jocelyne

63

Measuring Verification Coverage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to measure verification progress, we measure verification converage because verification coverage defines the extent of the verification problem. In order to measure anything however, we need metrics....

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Ground Vibration Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurement of ground vibration is important for checking of amplitudes of ... confirmation of efficiency of control measures of ground vibration. The properties of measuring instruments used can affect the resul...

Dr. Milutin Srbulov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Measuring Energy Achievements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation covers types of energy measurements essential to industrial facilities and discusses the benefits of metrics. ArcelorMittal provides examples from their experience measuring energy achievements.

66

Measuring Energy Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

20 Measuring Energy Sustainability David L. Greene Abstract For the purpose of measurement, energy here is only meaningful when placed in a broader context. Still, measuring energy sustainability in relation to measures of ultimate resources, and because conflicts between fossil energy use

67

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC Hideki Hamagaki Center for Nuclear Study Graduate School of Science the University of Tokyo #12;2006/06/29 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ATHIC 2006 Hideki;2006/06/29 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ATHIC 2006 Hideki Hamagaki 3 Prologue ­ scope of EM measurements · EM

Hamagaki, Hideki

68

NREL: Measurements and Characterization - About Measurements and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Measurements and Characterization About Measurements and Characterization Graphic of three intersecting circles depicting the M&C modes of support, collaborative R&D, and technique development. The modes of operation for the M&C group at NREL integrates support, collaborative R&D, and technique development. The Measurements and Characterization (M&C) division at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the National Center for Photovoltaics provides characterization support, collaborative research, and the development of new measurement techniques for the advancement of the photovoltaic (PV) generation of energy. The M&C group uses experienced researchers and state-of-the-art capabilities to solve problems in all phases of material and device development. Throughout this site you will

69

ARM - Measurement - Lightning stroke  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsLightning stroke ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement :...

70

Examples of vibration measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed treatment of the vibration measurement techniques, applied in various fields of engineering ... only some of the most widely used modern measurement methods will be briefly presented, as well...

Gheorghe Buzdugan; Elena Mih?ilescu; Mircea Rade?

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

ARM - Measurement - Cloud size  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud size Information about the physical dimensions of a cloud, including such measurements...

72

Validating Energy Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy measurements play a very important role in a detailed energy analysis. The role is more important in industrial processes where wide variations of process conditions exist. Valid energy measurements make the decision making process easier...

Chari, S.; Thomas, D.

73

Quantum Operations and Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to perform a projective von Neumann measurement. This is also called the Stinespring dilation form of E. 6

Seevinck, Michiel

74

ARM - CLASIC Measurement Platforms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provide spaceborne measurements, including surface albedo, surface fluxes, soil moisture remote sensing (Polarimetric Scanning Radiometer), vegetation indices and derived...

75

Quadrupole magnets measurement  

SciTech Connect

A rotating coil setup is designed for quadrupole magnet measurement at the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF); Hall probe measurement was also performed for one of each type of quadrupole magnet. Both mechanical and magnetic properties of the quadrupole magnets were measured, the results are reported here. 5 refs., 12 figs., 12 tabs.

Wang, Xijie (California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (USA). Center for Advanced Accelerators Physics); Sylvester, C. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Internet Performance Measurement Collaborators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet Performance Measurement Collaborators Cross Industry Working Team (XIWT) High Performance of the timestamp mechanism in the ANS Surveyor Probe device FY98 · GITS Internet Performance Measurement Toolkit developed FY99 · GITS measurement systems deployed in the field FY00 Goal To advance the state of the art

77

Similarity measurement in context  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Context plays a crucial role when measuring the similarity of two concepts. Nonetheless, the modelling of context has been mostly neglected in existing similarity measurement theories. In this paper, we explore the influence of context in existing similarity ... Keywords: context, geospatial concepts, similarity measurement

Carsten Keßler

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC Hideki Hamagaki Center for Nuclear Study University of Tokyo #12;2/10/2005 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ICPAQGP 05 Hideki Hamagaki 2 Prologue · EM probe and where they are produced; #12;2/10/2005 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ICPAQGP 05 Hideki Hamagaki

Hamagaki, Hideki

79

NREL: Measurements and Characterization - Device Performance Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Device Performance Measurement Device Performance Measurement The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is the premier U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research laboratory for testing performance of commercial, developmental, and research photovoltaic (PV) devices. Our Device Performance group is one of only two laboratories in the world to hold an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 17025 accreditation for primary reference cell and secondary module calibration, in addition to accreditation for secondary reference cell calibration under American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM), and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards. One of only four laboratories in the world certified in accordance with the IEC standard for calibrating terrestrial primary reference PV cells, we

80

ARM - Measurement - Soil moisture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

moisture moisture ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Soil moisture The moisture of the soil measured near the surface. This includes soil wetness and soil water potential. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AMC : Ameriflux Measurement Component CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems SOIL : Soil Measurement from the SGP SWATS : Soil Water and Temperature System SEBS : Surface Energy Balance System

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ARM - Measurement - Horizontal wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsHorizontal wind govMeasurementsHorizontal wind ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Horizontal wind The horizontal wind in terms of either speed and direction, or the zonal (u) and meridional (v) components. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System DISDROMETER : Impact Disdrometer

82

ARM - Measurement - Vertical velocity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsVertical velocity govMeasurementsVertical velocity ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Vertical velocity The component of the velocity vector, along the local vertical. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System KAZR : Ka ARM Zenith Radar MMCR : Millimeter Wavelength Cloud Radar SODAR : Mini Sound Detection and Ranging

83

ARM - Measurement - Precipitation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsPrecipitation govMeasurementsPrecipitation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Precipitation All liquid or solid phase aqueous particles that originate in the atmosphere and fall to the earth's surface. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems DISDROMETER : Impact Disdrometer LDIS : Laser Disdrometer MWRHF : Microwave Radiometer - High Frequency

84

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 ARM 2003 Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement WARNING! WARNING! Today is April 1 But that has NO bearing on this message Today is April 1 But that has NO bearing on this message ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Two Topics Two Topics * Status of ARM (quick overview) * Science plan - ARM in the next 5 years * Status of ARM (quick overview) * Science plan - ARM in the next 5 years ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ARM Status - Science ARM Status - Science * Steadily increasing productivity - Poster session - over 220 posters (may need to do something about submissions next year) - Peer-reviewed articles: 2.5 to 3 per year per

85

ARM - Measurement - Virtual temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsVirtual temperature govMeasurementsVirtual temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Virtual temperature The virtual temperature Tv = T(1 + rv/{epsilon}), where rv is the mixing ratio, and {epsilon} is the ratio of the gas constants of air and water vapor ( 0.622). Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RWP : Radar Wind Profiler

86

ENVIRONMENTAL MEASUREMENTS OF RADIOXENON  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive xenon (radioxenon) is produced by the fissioning of nuclear material, either via neutron-induced or spontaneous fission, and also via neutron activation of xenon gas and other reactions. The most abundant xenon isotopes in the atmosphere are 131mXe, 133Xe and 135Xe, having been measured at several locations in the northern hemisphere associated with reactor operation, medical isotope production, and more recently associated with the spontaneous fission of 240Pu from the legacy materials at plutonium production facility in Hanford, Washington. Radioactive xenon measurement at levels near the average atmospheric level (1-10 mBq/m3) is a “specialty” measurement, requiring specialized collection, separation, and nuclear measurement techniques. This paper describes the political and scientific drivers for making radioxenon measurements, background sources, and current techniques for these measurements.

Bowyer, Ted W.; Hayes, James C.; McIntyre, Justin I.

2007-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

87

Extremal generalized quantum measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A measurement on a section K of the set of states of a finite dimensional C*-algebra is defined as an affine map from K to a probability simplex. Special cases of such sections are used in description of quantum networks, in particular quantum channels. Measurements on a section correspond to equivalence classes of so-called generalized POVMs, which are called quantum testers in the case of networks. We find extremality conditions for measurements on K and characterize generalized POVMs such that the corresponding measurement is extremal. These results are applied to the set of channels. We find explicit extremality conditions for two outcome measurements on qubit channels and give an example of an extremal qubit 1-tester such that the corresponding measurement is not extremal.

Anna Jencova

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

88

Viscosity Measurements with Glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 May 1925 research-article Viscosity Measurements with Glass Vaughan H. Stott Edith Irvine D. Turner The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve...

1925-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Guidelines for Performance Measurement  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Federal agencies, states, businesses, and foreign governments are increasingly relying on performance measurement information to help chart progress in increasingly frugal times. No cancellations.

1996-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

90

Insulation Resistance Measurement Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A traditional method of insulation resistance measurement in live DC networks is ... of an ammeter is described. Formulas for insulation equivalent resistance calculation are derived with help...

Piotr Olszowiec

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Measuring Schwarzschild Coordinates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... to determine, from their measurements at different constant positions relative to that frame, the Schwarzschild mass and the radius of the underlying star. As Banerji says, "a high ...

1972-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

92

Measuring axial pump thrust  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for measuring the hydraulic axial thrust of a pump under operation conditions is disclosed. The axial thrust is determined by forcing the rotating impeller off of an associated thrust bearing by use of an elongate rod extending coaxially with the pump shaft. The elongate rod contacts an impeller retainer bolt where a bearing is provided. Suitable measuring devices measure when the rod moves to force the impeller off of the associated thrust bearing and the axial force exerted on the rod at that time. The elongate rod is preferably provided in a housing with a heat dissipation mechanism whereby the hot fluid does not affect the measuring devices. 1 fig.

Suchoza, B.P.; Becse, I.

1988-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

93

Aerial Measuring System  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish policy for the Department of Energy's (DOE) Aerial Measuring System (AMS) Program. This directive does not cancel another directive. Canceled by DOE O 153.1.

1991-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

94

Digital Measures screen changes 1 Digital Measures screen changes 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Digital Measures screen changes 1 #12; Digital Measures screen changes 2 #12; Digital Measures screen changes 3 #12; Digital Measures screen changes 4 #12; Digital Measures screen changes 5 #12; Digital Measures screen changes 6 #12; Digital Measures screen changes 7 #12

Barrash, Warren

95

Planetary heat flow measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ESA's Rosetta mission towards comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko. It...Heat flow measurements on comets have a different motivation...penetrator is by no means limited to comets; it has also been tested in...measurement. Currently, a landing on Mercury within the framework...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Problems of Quantum Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the probabilities of measurement results from Schroedinger's equation plus a definition of macroscopic as a particular kind of thermodynamic limit. Bohr's insight that a measurement apparatus must be classical in nature and classically describable is made precise in a mathematical sense analogous to the procedures of classical statistical mechanics and the study of Hamiltonian heat baths.

Joseph F. Johnson

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

97

ARM - Measurement - Hygroscopic growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hygroscopic growth The rate that aerosol particles grow at relative humidity values less than 100 percent. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System SMPS : Scanning mobility particle sizer TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

98

ARM - Measurement - Isotope ratio  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsIsotope ratio govMeasurementsIsotope ratio ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Isotope ratio Ratio of stable isotope concentrations. Categories Atmospheric Carbon, Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments FLASK : Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Field Campaign Instruments FLASK : Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Datastreams FLASK : Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes

99

ARM - Measurement - Advective tendency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsAdvective tendency govMeasurementsAdvective tendency ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Advective tendency The large-scale advective tendency of temperature and moisture used to force SCMs and CSRMs, derived from constrained variational analysis. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model

100

ARM - Measurement - Backscattered radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsBackscattered radiation govMeasurementsBackscattered radiation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Backscattered radiation The scattering of radiant energy into the hemisphere of space bounded by a plane normal to the direction of the incident radiation and lying on the same side as the incident ray. Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System IAP : In-situ Aerosol Profiles (Cessna Aerosol Flights)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric turbulence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbulence turbulence ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric turbulence High frequency velocity fluctuations that lead to turbulent transport of momentum, heat, mositure, and passive scalars, and often expressed in terms of variances and covariances. Categories Atmospheric State, Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

102

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric pressure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pressure pressure ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric pressure The pressure exerted by the atmosphere as a consequence of gravitational attraction exerted upon the "column" of air lying directly above the point in question. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

103

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

temperature temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric temperature The temperature indicated by a thermometer exposed to the air in a place sheltered from direct solar radiation. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

104

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor size  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

size size ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor size The size of a hydrometeor, measured directly or derived from other measurements . Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments DISDROMETER : Impact Disdrometer LDIS : Laser Disdrometer External Instruments CPOL : C-Band Polarimetric Radar Field Campaign Instruments EC-CONVAIR580-BULK : Environment Canada Convair 580 Bulk Parameters

105

Extremal covariant measurements  

SciTech Connect

We characterize the extremal points of the convex set of quantum measurements that are covariant under a finite-dimensional projective representation of a compact group, with action of the group on the measurement probability space which is generally nontransitive. In this case the POVM density is made of multiple orbits of positive operators, and, in the case of extremal measurements, we provide a bound for the number of orbits and for the rank of POVM elements. Two relevant applications are considered, concerning state discrimination with mutually unbiased bases and the maximization of the mutual information.

Chiribella, Giulio; Mauro D'Ariano, Giacomo [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia, Unita di Pavia, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy) and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Extremal covariant measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We characterize the extremal points of the convex set of quantum measurements that are covariant under a finite-dimensional projective representation of a compact group, with action of the group on the measurement probability space which is generally non-transitive. In this case the POVM density is made of multiple orbits of positive operators, and, in the case of extremal measurements, we provide a bound for the number of orbits and for the rank of POVM elements. Two relevant applications are considered, concerning state discrimination with mutually unbiased bases and the maximization of the mutual information.

G. Chiribella; G. M. D'Ariano

2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

107

Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 6 Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process Document Number: P-006 Rev 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): P-008 Corrective-Preventive Action Process, P-004 Business System Management Review and REG-003 Records Register P-006 Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process 11_0304 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 08_0416 Changed verbiage in Step 6 to, "CAR/PAR/IO using P-008, Corrective-Preventive Action & Improvement Opportunity"

108

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric moisture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

moisture moisture ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric moisture The moisture content of the air as indicated by several measurements including relative humidity, specific humidity, dewpoint, vapor pressure, water vapor mixing ratio, and water vapor density; note that precipitable water is a separate type. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer

109

Measurement and Evaluation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under the guidance of the sampling theory, correct sampling procedures are taken, after which measurement can be performed with a variety of methods to determine the particle size, number, and distribution. After...

Zhonglin Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Activity Based Performance Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance Potential applications · Measuring value created by new technology...or any intervention) · 2 sites recently launched (SMEs, KM) #12;RFID findings #12;© MIT Sloan School of Management 8 RFID

Brock, David

111

Performance Measurement of MEAs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

iii. Electrolyte membrane durability iv. Target cost of membrane v. Automotive fuel cell MEA degradation map 3 3 Measurement of MEA Performance 4 4 25cm 2 72mm 72mm 50mm...

112

Electron Heat Transport Measured  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heat Transport Measured in a Stochastic Magnetic Field T. M. Biewer, * C. B. Forest, J. K. Anderson, G. Fiksel, B. Hudson, S. C. Prager, J. S. Sarff, and J. C. Wright...

113

Measuring Strong Nanostructures  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Andy Minor of Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy explains measuring stress and strain on nanostructures with the In Situ Microscope. More information: http://newscenter.lbl.gov/press-relea...

Andy Minor

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

114

ARM - Measurement - Cloud fraction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud fraction Fraction of sky covered by clouds, observed directly or derived from SW...

115

Cross-Section Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cross-Section Measurement of 2 H(n,np)n at 16 MeV in Symmetric Constant Relative Energy Configurations Alexander Hoff Couture A dissertation submitted to the faculty of the...

116

In situ measurement system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multipurpose in situ underground measurement system comprising a plurality of long electrical resistance elements in the form of rigid reinforcing bars, each having an open loop hairpin configuration of shorter length than the other resistance elements. The resistance elements are arranged in pairs in a unitized structure, and grouted in place in the underground volume. Measurement means are provided for obtaining for each pair the electrical resistance of each element and the difference in electrical resistance of the paired elements, which difference values may be used in analytical methods involving resistance as a function of temperature. A scanner means sequentially connects the resistance-measuring apparatus to each individual pair of elements. A source of heating current is also selectively connectable for heating the elements to an initial predetermined temperature prior to electrical resistance measurements when used as an anemometer.

Lord, D.E.

1980-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

117

ARM - Measurement - Aerosol concentration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

concentration concentration ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol concentration A measure of the amount of aerosol particles (e.g. number, mass, volume) per unit volume of air. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System CSPHOT : Cimel Sunphotometer CPC : Condensation Particle Counter IAP : In-situ Aerosol Profiles (Cessna Aerosol Flights) TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer

118

Measuring Neutrino Interactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Neutrino Interactions with MiniBooNE R. Tayloe for the MiniBooNE collaboration Physics Department, Indiana University Bloomington, IN 47405, USA Abstract. The MiniBooNE...

119

Orifice flow measurement uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

A computer program is now available from Union Carbide that evaluates the total flow uncertainty of orifice flowmeter systems. Tolerance values for every component in the system and the sensitivity of the measured flowrate to each component can be established using historical data and published hardware specifications. Knowing the tolerance and sensitivity values, a total measurement uncertainty can be estimated with a 95% confidence level. This computer program provides a powerful design tool to ensure correct component matching and total metering system optimization.

Samples, C.R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Pulse flux measuring device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for measuring particle flux comprises first and second photodiode detectors for receiving flux from a source and first and second outputs for producing first and second signals representing the flux incident to the detectors. The device is capable of reducing the first output signal by a portion of the second output signal, thereby enhancing the accuracy of the device. Devices in accordance with the invention may measure distinct components of flux from a single source or fluxes from several sources.

Riggan, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Tevatron admittance measurement  

SciTech Connect

We measured the Tevatron beam admittance by the means of exciting the beam with noise and causing emittance growth. The noise power was about 3W with a bandwidth of 100Hz and centered either in the horizontal betatron frequency or vertical betatron frequency. We were able to controllably blow the beam emittance up quickly. From the point where the beam emittance stopped growing, we measured the beam acceptance of the Tevatron.

Zhang, X.L.; Shiltsev, V.; Tan, C.Y.; /Fermilab

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Ultrasonic differential measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for ultrasonic resonance testing of an object is shown and described. Acoustic vibrations are applied to an object at a plurality of frequencies. Measurements of the object's vibrational response are made simultaneously at different locations on said object. The input frequency is stepped by using small frequency changes over a predetermined range. There is a pause interval or ring delay which permits the object to reach a steady state resonance before a measurement is taken.

Rhodes, George W. (Albuquerque, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Measures on Mixing Angles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the problem of the apparently very small magnitude of CP violation in the standard model, measured by the Jarlskog invariant J. In order to make statements about probabilities for certain values of J, we seek to find a natural measure on the space of Kobayashi-Maskawa matrices, the double quotient U(1)^2\\SU(3)/U(1)^2. We review several possible, geometrically motivated choices of the measure, and compute expectation values for powers of J for these measures. We find that different choices of the measure generically make the observed magnitude of CP violation appear finely tuned. Since the quark masses and the mixing angles are determined by the same set of Yukawa couplings, we then do a second calculation in which we take the known quark mass hierarchy into account. We construct the simplest measure on the space of 3 x 3 Hermitian matrices which reproduces this known hierarchy. Calculating expectation values for powers of J in this second approach, we find that values of J close to the observed value are now rather likely, and there does not seem to be any fine tuning. Our results suggest that the choice of Kobayashi-Maskawa angles is closely linked to the observed mass hierarchy. We close by discussing the corresponding case of neutrinos.

Gary W. Gibbons; Steffen Gielen; C. N. Pope; Neil Turok

2008-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

124

''When Cost Measures Contradict''  

SciTech Connect

When regulators put forward new economic or regulatory policies, there is a need to compare the costs and benefits of these new policies to existing policies and other alternatives to determine which policy is most cost-effective. For command and control policies, it is quite difficult to compute costs, but for more market-based policies, economists have had a great deal of success employing general equilibrium models to assess a policy's costs. Not all cost measures, however, arrive at the same ranking. Furthermore, cost measures can produce contradictory results for a specific policy. These problems make it difficult for a policy-maker to determine the best policy. For a cost measures to be of value, one would like to be confident of two things. First one wants to be sure whether the policy is a winner or loser. Second, one wants to be confident that a measure produces the correct policy ranking. That is, one wants to have confidence in a policy measure's ability to correctly rank policies from most beneficial to most harmful. This paper analyzes empirically these two properties of different costs measures as they pertain to assessing the costs of the carbon abatement policies, especially the Kyoto Protocol, under alternative assumptions about implementation.

Montgomery, W. D.; Smith, A. E.; Biggar, S. L.; Bernstein, P. M.

2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

125

Light and Energy -Daylight measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light and Energy - Daylight measurements #12;Light and Energy - Daylight measurements Authors: Jens;3 Title Light and Energy Subtitle Daylight measurements Authors Jens Christoffersen, Ásta Logadóttir ............................................................................... 7 Measurement results: Kyosemi.................................................................. 9

126

Faraday Rotation Measure Synthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the rotation measure work of Burn (1966) to the cases of limited sampling of lambda squared space and non-constant emission spectra. We introduce the rotation measure transfer function (RMTF), which is an excellent predictor of n-pi ambiguity problems with the lambda squared coverage. Rotation measure synthesis can be implemented very efficiently on modern computers. Because the analysis is easily applied to wide fields, one can conduct very fast RM surveys of weak spatially extended sources. Difficult situations, for example multiple sources along the line of sight, are easily detected and transparently handled. Under certain conditions, it is even possible to recover the emission as a function of Faraday depth within a single cloud of ionized gas. Rotation measure synthesis has already been successful in discovering widespread, weak, polarized emission associated with the Perseus cluster (De Bruyn and Brentjens, 2005). In simple, high signal to noise situations it is as good as traditional linear fits to polarization angle versus lambda squared plots. However, when the situation is more complex or very weak polarized emission at high rotation measures is expected, it is the only viable option.

M. A. Brentjens; A. G. de Bruyn

2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

127

VBH-0036 - In the Matter of Whistle Blower Hearing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VBH-0036 - In the Matter of Whistle Blower Hearing VBH-0036 - In the Matter of Whistle Blower Hearing VBH-0036 - In the Matter of Whistle Blower Hearing XXXXXXX (the complainant) filed a complaint against his employer, Fluor Daniel, Inc. (FDI), and two other DOE contractors, Duke Engineering & Services (DE&S) and TRW Environmental Safety Systems (TRW), pursuant to the DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In that complaint, the complainant alleges that he suffered reprisals because he had made a disclosure that is protected by Part 708. vbh0036n.pdf More Documents & Publications VWZ-0009 - In the Matter of Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. VBU-0039 - In the Matter of Edward J. Seawalt VBH-0036 - In the Matter of Whistle Blower Hearing

128

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 The purpose of this report is to provide an assessment of the extent of foreign ownership of energy assets in the United States. Section 657, Subpart 8 of the U.S. Department of Energy Organization Act (Public Law 95-91) requires an annual report to Congress which presents: "a summary of activities in the United States by companies which are foreign owned or controlled and which own or control United States energy sources and supplies ... ." EIA intends the information in this report for use by the U.S. Congress, Government agencies, industry analysts, and the general public. Introduction Foreign direct investment (FDI) in the United States is defined as the ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by one foreign investor of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of an incorporated U.S. business enterprise

129

Foreign direct investment flows from the south to the east of the EU: dissecting the different effects of psychic distance stimuli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the influence of psychic distance stimuli on foreign direct investment flows from countries located in the south of Europe towards the new members of the European Union from central and Eastern Europe. By applying panel data techniques, evidence of a negative relation is obtained for distance in democracy, whereas a positive one is obtained for per capita GDP and distance in education and industrial development, which demonstrates that these investment flows are characterised by an efficiency-seeking approach and low educational and technical requirements. This FDI motivation prompts firms to maximise cost advantages such as reduced salaries or input prices. Also interestingly, political risk does not seem an obstacle, in accordance with recent literature on political capabilities. The results highlight the fact that distance does not always constitute a barrier but an opportunity for the firm.

Alfredo Jiménez; Carmen Palmero; Juan Alfredo Jiménez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

ARM - Measurement - Aerosol absorption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

absorption absorption ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol absorption The process in which radiation energy is retained by aerosols. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System CSPHOT : Cimel Sunphotometer IAP : In-situ Aerosol Profiles (Cessna Aerosol Flights) PSAP : Particle Soot Absorption Photometer PASS : Photoacoustic Soot Spectrometer External Instruments OMI : Ozone Monitoring Instrument

131

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor image  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

image image ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor image Images of hydrometeors from which one can derive characteristics such as size and shape. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Field Campaign Instruments LEARJET : Lear Jet PARTIMG : Particle imager UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments SPEC-CPI : Stratton Park Engineering Company - Cloud particle imager UAV-PROTEUS : UAV Proteus

132

ARM - Measurement - Cloud extinction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

extinction extinction ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud extinction The removal of radiant energy from an incident beam by the process of cloud absorption and/or scattering. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments NEPHELOMETER : Nephelometer Field Campaign Instruments CEP : Cloud Extinction Probe CLDAEROSMICRO : Cloud and Aerosol Microphysical Properties EC-CONVAIR580-BULK : Environment Canada Convair 580 Bulk Parameters

133

ARM - Measurement - Surface condition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

condition condition ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface condition State of the surface, including vegetation, land use, surface type, roughness, and such; often provided in model output. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments NAV : Navigational Location and Attitude SURFLOG : SGP Surface Conditions Observations by Site Technicians S-TABLE : Stabilized Platform MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

134

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor phase  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

phase phase ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor phase Hydrometeor phase such as liquid ice or mixed phase Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Value-Added Products VISST : Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst Algorithm (Process) VISSTPX04G08V2MINNIS : VISST-derived pixel-level products from satellite GOES8, version 2 VISSTPX04G08V3MINNIS : VISST-derived pixel-level products from satellite GOES8, version 3

135

ARM - Measurement - Radar polarization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

polarization polarization ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Radar polarization The temporal and geometric behavior of the electric field vector of an electromagnetic wave transmitted or received by a radar system, e.g. elliptical polarization, differential reflectivity, phase shift, co-polar correlation coefficient, linear depolarization ratio. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CSAPR : C-Band ARM Precipitation Radar

136

Measurement of Acoustic Impedance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic impedance of a sample of material forming one boundary of a shallow cylindrical cavity can be determined by measuring the sound pressure produced when a known volume current is injected into the cavity from a high impedance source. The volume current is effectively determined by observing the pressure when the cavity is terminated rigidly. An impedance determination is thus reduced to measurement of the complex ratio of two observed voltages. By designing a ring source to suppress the first radial mode of the cavity the upper frequency limit set by uniformity of pressure distribution is extended by at least an octave. By avoiding leaks measurements can also be extended to very low frequencies. Secondary effects due to finite source impedance viscosity and heat losses at the walls have been evaluated. The method appears to be simple rapid and precise.

O. K. El?Mawardi

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Photon position measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The positive operator valued measure (POVM) for a photon counting array detector is derived and found to equal photon flux density integrated over pixel area and measurement time. Since photon flux density equals number density multiplied by the speed of light, this justifies theoretically the observation that a photon counting array provides a coarse grained measurement of photon position. The POVM obtained here can be written as a set of projectors onto a basis of localized states, consistent with the description of photon position in a recent quantum imaging proposal [M. Tsang, Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{102}, 253601 (2009)]. The wave function that describes a photon counting experiment is the projection of the photon state vector onto this localized basis. Collapse is to the electromagnetic vacuum and not to a localized state, thus violating the text book rules of quantum mechanics but compatible with the theory of generalized observables and the nonlocalizability of an incoming photon.

Margaret Hawton

2010-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

138

Photon position measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The positive operator valued measure (POVM) for a photon counting array detector is derived and found to equal photon flux density integrated over pixel area and measurement time. Since photon flux density equals number density multiplied by the speed of light, this justifies theoretically the observation that a photon counting array provides a coarse grained measurement of photon position. The POVM obtained here can be written as a set of projectors onto a basis of localized states, consistent with the description of photon position in a recent quantum imaging proposal [M. Tsang, Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{102}, 253601 (2009)]. The wave function that describes a photon counting experiment is the projection of the photon state vector onto this localized basis. Collapse is to the electromagnetic vacuum and not to a localized state, thus violating the text book rules of quantum mechanics but compatible with the theory of generalized observables and the nonlocalizability of an incoming photon.

Hawton, Margaret

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Downhole steam quality measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to an empirical electrical method for remote sensing of steam quality utilizing flow-through grids which allow measurement of the electrical properties of a flowing two-phase mixture. The measurement of steam quality in the oil field is important to the efficient application of steam assisted recovery of oil. Because of the increased energy content in higher quality steam it is important to maintain the highest possible steam quality at the injection sandface. The effectiveness of a steaming operation without a measure of steam quality downhole close to the point of injection would be difficult to determine. Therefore, a need exists for the remote sensing of steam quality.

Lee, D.O.; Montoya, P.C.; Muir, J.F.; Wayland, J.R. Jr.

1985-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

140

Structural power flow measurement  

SciTech Connect

Previous investigations of structural power flow through beam-like structures resulted in some unexplained anomalies in the calculated data. In order to develop structural power flow measurement as a viable technique for machine tool design, the causes of these anomalies needed to be found. Once found, techniques for eliminating the errors could be developed. Error sources were found in the experimental apparatus itself as well as in the instrumentation. Although flexural waves are the carriers of power in the experimental apparatus, at some frequencies longitudinal waves were excited which were picked up by the accelerometers and altered power measurements. Errors were found in the phase and gain response of the sensors and amplifiers used for measurement. A transfer function correction technique was employed to compensate for these instrumentation errors.

Falter, K.J.; Keltie, R.F.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Chapter 15 - Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter deals with the multiphase flow meter. The major parts of the TopFlow meter are the Venturi insert and the electrodes inside the Venturi throat. The flow rates of oil, water, and gas are calculated based on the measurements performed by the electrodes and the measurement of the differential pressure across the Venturi inlet. The TopFlow meter utilizes a capacitance sensor for oil-continuous liquid mixtures, where the capacitance caused by the dielectric constant of the fluid mixture is measured in the throat of the Venturi. Similarly, it utilizes a four-electrode conductance sensor for water-continuous liquid mixtures, where the conductance is caused by the conductivity of the fluid mixture. All the necessary electrodes are incorporated within a Venturi that is somewhat modified. Advanced data processing is utilized to have continuous readings of the flow rates of oil, water, and gas.

E.W. McAllister

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

ARM - Measurement - Surface albedo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

albedo albedo ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface albedo The fraction of incoming solar radiation at a surface (i.e. land, cloud top) that is effectively reflected by that surface. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments MFR : Multifilter Radiometer External Instruments ETA : Eta Model Runs ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model

143

Measuring Residential Ventilation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Residential Ventilation Measuring Residential Ventilation System Airflows: Part 2 - Field Evaluation of Airflow Meter Devices and System Flow Verification J. Chris Stratton, Iain S. Walker, Craig P. Wray Environmental Energy Technologies Division October 2012 LBNL-5982E 2 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor the Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any

144

Top Quark Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ten years after its discovery at the Tevatron collider, we still know little about the top quark. Its large mass suggests it may play a key role in the mechanism of Electroweak Symmetry Breaking (EWSB), or open a window of sensitivity to new physics related to EWSB and preferentially coupled to it. To determine whether this is the case, precision measurements of top quark properties are necessary. The high statistics samples being collected by the Tevatron experiments during Run II start to incisively probe the top quark sector. This report summarizes the experimental status of the top quark, focusing in particular on the recent measurements from the Tevatron Run II.

A. Juste

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

145

MTSC735, Spring 2008 Electrical measurements 1 Electrical measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

position between coil windings. Circuit designed to have zero output at equilibrium. MTSC735, Spring 20081 MTSC735, Spring 2008 Electrical measurements 1 Electrical measurements Critical to all/reducing noise from measurements MTSC735, Spring 2008 Electrical measurements 2 Measurements Believe nothing

Plaisted, David A.

146

Measuring biodiversity for conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring biodiversity for conservation Summary Policy document 10/03 May 2003 ISBN 0 85403 592 3. 2002). Conserving biodiversity is essential to sustainability. Biodiversity provides substantial socio This report can be found at www.royalsoc.ac.uk #12;The reality of ongoing biodiversity loss The living world

Reynolds, John D.

147

Viscosity Measurements on Nitrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Viscosity Measurements on Nitrogen ... (15)?Clarke, A. G.; Smith, E. B. Low-temperature viscosities and intermolecular forces of simple gases. ... The coupling also serves as a frictionless bearing for a slender rotating cylindrical body which is slowed down due to the viscous drag of the fluid surrounding the cylinder. ...

Daniel Seibt; Eckhard Vogel; Eckard Bich; Daniel Buttig; Egon Hassel

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

148

Measuring solar abundances  

SciTech Connect

This is the rapporteur paper of Working Group 2 on Measuring Solar Abundances. The working group presented and discussed the different observations and methods for obtaining the elemental and isotopic composition of the Sun, and critically reviewed their results and the accuracies thereof. Furthermore, a few important yet unanswered questions were identified, and the potential of future missions to provide answers was assessed.

Reisenfeld, D. B. (Daniel B.); Von Steiger, R. (Rudolf); Vial, J.-C. (Jean-Claude); Bochsler, P.; Chaussidon, M.; Cohen, C. M. S.; Fleck, B.; Heber, V. S.; Wiens, R. C. (Roger C.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Dynamic Modelling, Measurement and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Modelling, Measurement and Control of Co-rotating Twin-Screw Extruders Justin Rae Elsey, B;Summary Co-rotating twin-screw extruders are unique and versatile machines that are used widely that these extruders are currently being optimally utilised. The most signi cant improvement to the eld of twin-screw

Fernandez, Thomas

150

Core Measure Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Core Measure Core Measure Results FY 07 Results FY 08 Results FY 09 Results FY 10 Target FY 10 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness NM 81 NM NM NM -Quality NM 90 NM NM NM Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. NM 87 NM NM NM Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 86 87 84 87 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Electronic Commerce: - % of delivery & purchase orders issued electronically as a % of total simplified actions 70 72 89 99 100 - % of new competitive transactions > $100K conducted through EC 70 72 91 100 95 Performance Based Service Contracts: - PBSCs awarded as a % of eligible new

151

Impedance Measurement Box  

SciTech Connect

Energy storage devices, primarily batteries, are now more important to consumers, industries and the military. With increasing technical complexity and higher user expectations, there is also a demand for highly accurate state-of-health battery assessment techniques. IMB incorporates patented, proprietary, and tested capabilities using control software and hardware that can be part of an embedded monitoring system. IMB directly measures the wideband impedance spectrum in seconds during battery operation with no significant impact on service life. It also can be applied to batteries prior to installation, confirming health before entering active service, as well as during regular maintenance. For more information about this project, visit http://www.inl.gov/rd100/2011/impedance-measurement-box/

Christophersen, Jon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Measuring Value in Healthcare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A statistical description and model of individual healthcare expenditures in the US has been developed for measuring value in healthcare. We find evidence that healthcare expenditures are quantifiable as an infusion-diffusion process, which can be thought of intuitively as a steady change in the intensity of treatment superimposed on a random process reflecting variations in the efficiency and effectiveness of treatment. The arithmetic mean represents the net average annual cost of healthcare; and when multiplied by the arithmetic standard deviation, which represents the effective risk, the result is a measure of healthcare cost control. Policymakers, providers, payors, or patients that decrease these parameters are generating value in healthcare. The model has an average absolute prediction error of approximately 10-12% across the range of expenditures which spans 6 orders of magnitude over a nearly 10-year period. For the top 1% of the population with the largest expenditures, representing 20%-30% of total ...

Gardner, Christopher

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Sensors and Measurements Discussion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurements for Assessment of Measurements for Assessment of Hydrate Related Geohazards" Report Type: Topical No: 41330R07 Starting March 2002 Ending September 2004 Edited by: R.L. Kleinberg and Emrys Jones September 2004 DOE Award Number: DE-FC26-01NT41330 Submitting Organization: ChevronTexaco Energy Technology Company 2811 Hayes Road Houston, TX 77082 ii DISCLAIMER "This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not

154

Measuring Excellence at Concordia University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring Excellence at Concordia University Prepared by the Institutional Planning Office May 2006 #12;Concordia University May 2006 Measuring Excellence at Concordia] #12;Concordia University May 2006 Measuring Excellence at Concordia University First Annual Report

Chvátal, Va�ek

155

Measuring Information Transfer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An information theoretic measure is derived that quantifies the statistical coherence between systems evolving in time. The standard time delayed mutual information fails to distinguish information that is actually exchanged from shared information due to common history and input signals. In our new approach, these influences are excluded by appropriate conditioning of transition probabilities. The resulting transfer entropy is able to distinguish effectively driving and responding elements and to detect asymmetry in the interaction of subsystems.

Thomas Schreiber

2000-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

156

Reimagining Quality Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...would reflect both the appropriateness of individualized care plans and the degree to which they are being carried out effectively, both for individual patients and for the population cared for by a given physician, medical group, or health care system or within a particular community. Patients with multiple... In a reimagined approach, quality measurement in health care would be integrated with care delivery, address the challenges that confront doctors every day, and reflect individual patients' preferences and goals for treatment and health outcomes.

McGlynn E.A.Schneider E.C.Kerr E.A.

2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

157

Concentrating Energy by Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent article [A. Kurcz et al., Phys. Rev. A 81, 063821 (2010)] we predicted an energy concentrating mechanism in composite quantum systems. Its result is a non-zero stationary state photon emission rate even in the absence of external driving. Here we discuss the possible origin of the predicted effect. We attribute it to the presence of a non-trivial interaction between different system components and to repeated environment-induced photon measurements.

Almut Beige; Antonio Capolupo; Andreas Kurcz; Emilio Del Giudice; Giuseppe Vitiello

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

158

Measured Performance Signature Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information for adaptive on-line optimum dispatch, equipment performance monitoring, or for conducting system "what if' scenarios. The MPS is a very useful technique which may be applied to Acceptance Testing Monitoring and Operations Optimization... performance signature, may be determined from on-line measurements, and corrected to a specified reference. This procedure also provides information for adaptive on-line optimum dispatch, incremental plant heat rate data for centralized system dispatch...

Ahner, D. J.

159

Top Quark Mass Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First observed in 1995 the top quark is one of a pair of third?generation quarks in the Standard Model of particle physics. It has charge +2/3e and a mass of 171.4 GeV about 40 times heavier than its partner the bottom quark. The CDF and DØ collaborations have identified several hundred events containing the decays of top?antitop pairs in the large dataset collected at the Tevatron proton?antiproton collider over the last four years. They have used these events to measure the top quark’s mass to nearly 1% precision and to study other top quark properties. The mass of the top quark is a fundamental parameter of the Standard Model and knowledge of its value with small uncertainty allows us to predict properties of the as?yet?unobserved Higgs boson. This paper presents the status of the measurements of the top quark mass. It is based on a talk I gave at the Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics in Puerto Rico May 2006 which also included discussion of measurements of other top quark properties.

A. P. Heinson; CDF Collaboration; DØ Collaboration

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

AC resistance measuring instrument  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An auto-ranging AC resistance measuring instrument for remote measurement of the resistance of an electrical device or circuit connected to the instrument includes a signal generator which generates an AC excitation signal for application to a load, including the device and the transmission line, a monitoring circuit which provides a digitally encoded signal representing the voltage across the load, and a microprocessor which operates under program control to provide an auto-ranging function by which range resistance is connected in circuit with the load to limit the load voltage to an acceptable range for the instrument, and an auto-compensating function by which compensating capacitance is connected in shunt with the range resistance to compensate for the effects of line capacitance. After the auto-ranging and auto-compensation functions are complete, the microprocessor calculates the resistance of the load from the selected range resistance, the excitation signal, and the load voltage signal, and displays of the measured resistance on a digital display of the instrument. 8 figs.

Hof, P.J.

1983-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Cable Measuring Engine Operation Procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEASURING ENGINE OPERATION PROCEDURES LBNL-40565 SC-MAG-597MEASURING ENGINE OPERATION PROCEDURES INDEX IN T ROD U C TCALIBRATION PROCEDURE . .

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Measure concentration, functional inequalities, and curvature of metric measure spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measure concentration, functional inequalities, and curvature of metric measure spaces M. Ledoux of measure phenomenon #12;circle of ideas between analysis, geometry and probability theory concentration of measure phenomenon dimension free #12;circle of ideas between analysis, geometry and probability theory

Ledoux, Michel

163

Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44 Ballot Information Shall the undergraduates and graduate students of UCSC amend Measure 28, the Renewable Energy fee passed in Spring 2006 as follows Student Association. This measure will also allow the reserve money to be spent on energy efficiency

California at Santa Cruz, University of

164

CLASIC Measurement Platforms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 SGP Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC): Measurement Platforms June 2007 Mark A. Miller, Principal Investigator and The CLASIC Steering Committee: Roni Avissar, Larry Berg, Sylvia Edgerton, Marc Fischer, Tom Jackson, Bill Kustas, Pete Lamb, Greg McFarquhar, Qilong Min, Beat Schmid, Margaret Torn, and Dave Turner Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research M.R. Miller et al., DOE/SC-ARM-0704 Contents 1. Introduction.............................................................................................................................1 2. Satellites..................................................................................................................................1

165

Upsilon measurement in STAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present preliminary results of Upsilon production in p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV at central rapidity. This measurement was performed at the STAR experiment through the Upsilon->e^+e^- decay channel. In this manuscript we describe the experimental details, from the development of a specially designed trigger setup to the analysis methods used to discriminate electrons from hadrons. The production cross-section obtained B*{(dsigma/dy)|(y=0)}=91(28)(22) pb is compatible with our expectations based on pQCD calculations.

Mauro R. Cosentino

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

166

Driver eye height measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was establish d in the early sixties when passenger vehicles were styled differentl; than tnda; . The changing design of passenger cars has resulted in a considerable lowering in the eye heights of drivers between 1960 and 1978. The objective of this ress rch... was to determine sI. atistically reliable measures of current driver eye height for different classes of vehicles and to determine the impact of these dat- on design and operating standards for streets and highways. It was found that 68 percent of drivers...

Abrahamson, Anthony Daniel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

167

Optically measuring interior cavities  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measuring the three-dimensional volume or perimeter shape of an interior cavity includes the steps of collecting a first optical slice of data that represents a partial volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity, collecting additional optical slices of data that represents a partial volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity, and combining the first optical slice of data and the additional optical slices of data to calculate of the three-dimensional volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity.

Stone, Gary Franklin (Livermore, CA)

2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

168

Optical Quadratic Measure Eigenmodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a mathematically rigorous technique which facilitates the optimization of various optical properties of electromagnetic fields. The technique exploits the linearity of electromagnetic fields along with the quadratic nature of their interaction with matter. In this manner we may decompose the respective fields into optical quadratic measure eigenmodes (QME). Key applications include the optimization of the size of a focused spot, the transmission through photonic devices, and the structured illumination of photonic and plasmonic structures. We verify the validity of the QME approach through a particular experimental realization where the size of a focused optical field is minimized using a superposition of Bessel beams.

Michael Mazilu; Joerg Baumgartl; Sebastian Kosmeier; Kishan Dholakia

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

169

Surface cleanliness measurement procedure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A procedure and tools for quantifying surface cleanliness are described. Cleanliness of a target surface is quantified by wiping a prescribed area of the surface with a flexible, bright white cloth swatch, preferably mounted on a special tool. The cloth picks up a substantial amount of any particulate surface contamination. The amount of contamination is determined by measuring the reflectivity loss of the cloth before and after wiping on the contaminated system and comparing that loss to a previous calibration with similar contamination. In the alternative, a visual comparison of the contaminated cloth to a contamination key provides an indication of the surface cleanliness.

Schroder, Mark Stewart (Hendersonville, NC); Woodmansee, Donald Ernest (Simpsonville, SC); Beadie, Douglas Frank (Greenville, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Method for resonant measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measurement of objects to determine object flaws, Poisson's ratio (.sigma.) and shear modulus (.mu.) is shown and described. First, the frequency for expected degenerate responses is determined for one or more input frequencies and then splitting of degenerate resonant modes are observed to identify the presence of flaws in the object. Poisson's ratio and the shear modulus can be determined by identification of resonances dependent only on the shear modulus, and then using that shear modulus to find Poisson's ratio using other modes dependent on both the shear modulus and Poisson's ratio.

Rhodes, George W. (5201 Rio Grande Blvd., N.W., Albuquerque, NM 87107); Migliori, Albert (Rte. 4, Box 258 Tano Rd., Sante Fe, NM 87501); Dixon, Raymond D. (396 Connie Ave., White Rock, NM 87544)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

7, 1401114039, 2007 measurements in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) methane measurements conducted in the bo- real forests of Finland and the tropical forests of Suriname

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

172

Paleomagnetic Measurements | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paleomagnetic Measurements Paleomagnetic Measurements Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Paleomagnetic Measurements Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Lab Analysis Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Rock Lab Analysis Parent Exploration Technique: Rock Lab Analysis Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Can determine detailed information about rock composition and morphology Stratigraphic/Structural: Historic structure and deformation of land Hydrological: Thermal: Dictionary.png Paleomagnetic Measurements: Paleomagnetism is the study of remnant magnetization in rocks. Paleomagnetic measurements are measurements of the magnetic properties in rocks; these properties are locked in during the formation of the rock. A

173

Measurement uncertainty in the performance verification of indicating measuring instruments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with measurement uncertainty in the performance verification of the metrological characteristics of indicating measuring instruments to specified tolerances, often called maximum permissible errors (MPE). Performance verification differs from other types of calibrations in that the measurement does not necessarily result in an assigned quantity value. When a measurement involves assigning a quantity value, as is typical with the calibration of material measures or inspection of features on commercial workpieces, the measurand is different than in performance verification. The research literature and published standards and practice for measurement uncertainty typically only address the measurement uncertainty associated with assigned quantity values. When these general approaches to measurement uncertainty are applied to performance verification as well, the measurement uncertainty is not properly estimated and therefore incorrect practice is wide spread in the calibration industry. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the measurand in performance verification and to develop an associated general measurement uncertainty model. Examples are presented that highlight some cases where a measurand associated with performance verification results in a very different measurement uncertainty than when the measurand is associated with the assignment of a quantity value. Some issues for future work are also identified, particularly for consideration in the standardization of specifications for indicating measuring instruments.

James G. Salsbury; Edward P. Morse

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Common Use Areas All floored areas in the building for circulation and standard facilities provided and the like. These are extracts of NWPC standard method of measurement of building areas with an addition fromSection S ANNEXURE 4 MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS 1. GROSS BUILDING

Wang, Yan

175

Dilepton measurements with HADES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HADES is the only operating dielectron spectrometer in the energy regime 1-2 AGeV. The physics program aims at a systematic investigation of dielectron production in heavy ion as well as elementary and pion-induced reactions. This contribution highlights recent results on electron pair production in C12+C12 collisions at an incident energy of 2 AGeV with HADES. The measured pair production probabilities span over five orders of magnitude. Dalitz decays of pi0 and eta account for all the yield up to 0.15 GeV/c2, but for only about 50% above this invariant mass. The excess yield compared to the hadronic cocktail between the pi0-Dalitz and the rho/omega invariant-mass region is in agreement with the former DLS result if one assumes that it scales with beam energy like pion production. Preliminary results from C12+C12 collisions at an incident energy of 1 AGeV support this scenario.

Müntz, C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Dilepton measurements with HADES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HADES is the only operating dielectron spectrometer in the energy regime 1-2 AGeV. The physics program aims at a systematic investigation of dielectron production in heavy ion as well as elementary and pion-induced reactions. This contribution highlights recent results on electron pair production in C12+C12 collisions at an incident energy of 2 AGeV with HADES. The measured pair production probabilities span over five orders of magnitude. Dalitz decays of pi0 and eta account for all the yield up to 0.15 GeV/c2, but for only about 50% above this invariant mass. The excess yield compared to the hadronic cocktail between the pi0-Dalitz and the rho/omega invariant-mass region is in agreement with the former DLS result if one assumes that it scales with beam energy like pion production. Preliminary results from C12+C12 collisions at an incident energy of 1 AGeV support this scenario.

C. Muentz; for the HADES collaboration

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

177

Entanglement Cost of Nonlocal Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For certain joint measurements on a pair of spatially separated particles, we ask how much entanglement is needed to carry out the measurement exactly. For a class of orthogonal measurements on two qubits with partially entangled eigenstates, we present upper and lower bounds on the entanglement cost. The upper bound is based on a recent result by D. Berry [Phys. Rev. A 75, 032349 (2007)]. The lower bound, based on the entanglement production capacity of the measurement, implies that for almost all measurements in the class we consider, the entanglement required to perform the measurement is strictly greater than the average entanglement of its eigenstates. On the other hand, we show that for any complete measurement in d x d dimensions that is invariant under all local Pauli operations, the cost of the measurement is exactly equal to the average entanglement of the states associated with the outcomes.

Somshubhro Bandyopadhyay; Gilles Brassard; Shelby Kimmel; William K. Wootters

2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

178

On Jordan's measurements Frdric Brechenmacher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 On Jordan's measurements Frédéric Brechenmacher Univ. Lille : ANR CaaF� ("ANR-10-JCJC 0101"). Introduction The Jordan measure, the Jordan curve theorem, as well as the other generic references to Camille Jordan

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

179

Entanglement cost of nonlocal measurements  

SciTech Connect

For certain joint measurements on a pair of spatially separated particles, we ask how much entanglement is needed to carry out the measurement exactly. For a class of orthogonal measurements on two qubits with partially entangled eigenstates, we present upper and lower bounds on the entanglement cost. The upper bound is based on a recent result by Berry [Phys. Rev. A 75, 032349 (2007)]. The lower bound, based on the entanglement production capacity of the measurement, implies that for almost all measurements in the class we consider, the entanglement required to perform the measurement is strictly greater than the average entanglement of its eigenstates. On the other hand, we show that for any complete measurement in dxd dimensions that is invariant under all local generalized Pauli operations, the cost of the measurement is exactly equal to the average entanglement of the states associated with the outcomes.

Bandyopadhyay, Somshubhro; Brassard, Gilles [Departement IRO, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Kimmel, Shelby; Wootters, William K. [Department of Physics, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts 01267 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Prioritization Tool Measurement Input Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

BTO encourages stakeholders to recommend updates and improvements to the Prioritization Tool by using the below Measure Input Form.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

MEASUREMENT, MATERIALS & SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT CENTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M2SEC MEASUREMENT, MATERIALS & SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT CENTER #12;#12;M2SEC | The University 66045 MEASUREMENT, MATERIALS & SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT CENTER The Measurement, Materials Sustainable initiative themes of KU's strategic plan, Bold Aspirations: · Sustaining The Planet, Powering The World

182

ERROR ESTIMATIONS FOR INDIRECT MEASUREMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1 ERROR ESTIMATIONS FOR INDIRECT MEASUREMENTS: RANDOMIZED VS. DETERMINISTIC ALGORITHMS difficult or even impossible to directly measure the quantity in which we are interested: e.g., we cannot directly measure a distance to a distant galaxy or the amount of oil in a given well. Since we cannot

Kreinovich, Vladik

183

Bruce A. Measure Dick Wallace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bruce A. Measure Chair Montana Dick Wallace Vice-Chair Washington Rhonda Whiting Montana W. Bill Council Meeting Portland Oregon December 14-15, 2010 Minutes Council Chair Bruce Measure called products, Measure noted. Next year's meetings of the board will be held in March, July, and November, he

184

Extremal covariant measurements Giulio Chiribellaa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extremal covariant measurements Giulio Chiribellaa and Giacomo Mauro D'Arianob Istituto Nazionale characterize the extremal points of the convex set of quantum measurements that are covariant under a finite operators, and, in the case of extremal measurements, we provide a bound for the number of orbits

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro

185

Information content of polarization measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Information entropy is applied to the state of knowledge of reaction amplitudes in pseudoscalar meson photoproduction, and a scheme is developed that quantifies the information content of a measured set of polarization observables. It is shown that this definition of information is a more practical measure of the quality of a set of measured observables than whether the combination is a mathematically complete set. It is also shown that, when experimental uncertainty is introduced, complete sets of measurements do not necessarily remove ambiguities and that experiments should strive to measure as many observables as practical to extract amplitudes.

D. G. Ireland

2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

186

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Jump to: navigation, search Logo: FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Name FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Address 2890 Cherokee Lane Place Riverwoods, Illinois Zip 60015 Sector Vehicles Product Distance Measuring Instrument Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number (888) 876-6050 Website http://www.fast-measure.com Coordinates 42.181686°, -87.898862° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.181686,"lon":-87.898862,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

187

ARM - Measurement - Trace gas concentration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsTrace gas concentration govMeasurementsTrace gas concentration ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Trace gas concentration The amount per unit volume of trace gases other than carbon dioxide, ozone and water vapor, typically measured in conjunction with in situ aerosol measurements, e.g. carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide. Categories Atmospheric Carbon, Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO : Carbon Monoxide Mixing Ratio System

188

ARM - Measurement - Soil surface temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

surface temperature surface temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Soil surface temperature The temperature of the soil measured near the surface. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AMC : Ameriflux Measurement Component CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems SOIL : Soil Measurement from the SGP SWATS : Soil Water and Temperature System MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

189

ARM - Measurement - Sensible heat flux  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsSensible heat flux govMeasurementsSensible heat flux ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Sensible heat flux The time rate of flow for the energy transferred from a warm or hot surface to whatever is touching it, typically air. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System EBBR : Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station

190

ARM - Measurement - Latent heat flux  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsLatent heat flux govMeasurementsLatent heat flux ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Latent heat flux The time rate of flow for the specific enthalpy difference between two phases of a substance at the same temperature, typically water. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System EBBR : Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station

191

Measure Title: Sustainable Food, Health, and Wellness Initiative Measure #: Measure 43  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measure Title: Sustainable Food, Health, and Wellness Initiative Measure #: Measure 43 Ballot related to sustainable food, health and wellness initiatives, for on-campus and off- campus undergraduate,663* annually. · The funding will be governed by the Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems (CASFS

California at Santa Cruz, University of

192

ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Integrated Column Description An Integrated Column Description of the Atmosphere An Integrated Column Description of the Atmosphere Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The "other" Washington ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Credits to Credits to * Ric Cederwall * Xiquan Dong * Chuck Long * Jay Mace * Mark Miller * Robin Perez * Dave Turner and the rest of the ARM science team * Ric Cederwall * Xiquan Dong * Chuck Long * Jay Mace * Mark Miller * Robin Perez * Dave Turner and the rest of the ARM science team ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Outline Outline * A little philosophy

193

A comparison of cloudiness measures derived from longwave measurements and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A comparison of cloudiness measures derived from longwave measurements and A comparison of cloudiness measures derived from longwave measurements and shortwave sky imagers Takara, Ezra Florida State University Ellingson, Robert Florida State University Ma, Yingtao University of Maryland Category: Cloud Properties In the longwave, two measures of cloudiness for single layer clouds are the probability of clear line of sight (PCLoS) and the effective cloud fraction. As the name states, the PCLoS is the probability of a clear line of sight through a broken cloud field. The effectivecloud fraction is the fraction of the sky that is taken up by the clouds; this includes the portion blocked by the cloud sides as well as the fraction taken up by the cloud bases. The effective cloud fraction can be derived from measurements or from the PCLoS. Here the PCLoS obtained from the shortwave-based Total

194

Measures of disturbance and incompatibility for quantum measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a class of incompatibility measures for quantum observables based on quantifying the effect of a measurement of one observable on the statistics of the outcomes of another. Specifically, for a pair of observables $A$ and $B$ with purely discrete spectra, we compare the following two probability distributions: one resulting from a measurement of $A$ followed by a measurement of $B$ on a given state, and the other obtained from a measurement of $B$ alone on the same state. We show that maximizing the distance between these two distributions over all states yields a valid measure of the incompatibility of observables $A$ and $B$, which is zero if and only if they commute and is strictly greater than zero (and less than or equal to one) otherwise. For finite dimensional systems, we obtain a tight upper bound on the incompatibility of any pair of observables and show that the bound is attained when the observables are totally non-degenerate and associated with mutually unbiased bases. In the process, we also establish an important connection between the incompatibility of a pair of observables and the maximal disturbances due to their measurements. Finally, we indicate how these measures of incompatibility and disturbance can be extended to the more general class of non-projective measurements. In particular, we obtain a non-trivial upper bound on the incompatibility of one L\\"uders instrument with another.

Prabha Mandayam; M. D. Srinivas

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

195

Cloning of a quantum measurement  

SciTech Connect

We analyze quantum algorithms for cloning of a quantum measurement. Our aim is to mimic two uses of a device performing an unknown von Neumann measurement with a single use of the device. When the unknown device has to be used before the bipartite state to be measured is available we talk about 1{yields}2 learning of the measurement, otherwise the task is called 1{yields}2 cloning of a measurement. We perform the optimization for both learning and cloning for arbitrary dimension d of the Hilbert space. For 1{yields}2 cloning we also propose a simple quantum network that achieves the optimal fidelity. The optimal fidelity for 1{yields}2 learning just slightly outperforms the estimate and prepare strategy in which one first estimates the unknown measurement and depending on the result suitably prepares the duplicate.

Bisio, Alessandro; D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro; Perinotti, Paolo; Sedlak, Michal [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica ''A. Volta'' and INFN, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica ''A. Volta'' via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy) and Institute of Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, SK-845 11 Bratislava (Slovakia)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Quantum measurements of coupled systems  

SciTech Connect

We propose an approach to measuring coupled systems, which gives a parametrically smaller error than the conventional fast projective measurements. The measurement error is due to the excitations being not entirely localized on individual systems even where the excitation energies are different. Our approach combines spectral selectivity of the detector with temporal resolution and uses the ideas of the quantum diffusion theory. The results bear on quantum computing with perpetually coupled qubits.

Fedichkin, L.; Dykman, M. I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Shapiro, M. [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Measurement enhancement for state estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the control center receives the system-wide device information and measurement data through the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system. However, the information and measurement data provided by SCADA may not always be accurate and reliable... estimation use the measurement data from SCADA system, the status information about the circuit breakers (CB), switches and transformer taps, as well as the parameters of transmission lines, transformers, shunts capacitors/reactors and other devices...

Chen, Jian

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Efficiency measurements of TPV cells  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus for measuring TPV cell efficiencies at different radiation intensities and for different graybody emitter temperatures has been constructed. The apparatus has been used for measuring V-I characteristics, efficiencies and fill factors for several InGaAs TPV cells. Measured results are used to determine how cells may function together with edge filters, and those results are compared with theory. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Broman, L.; Jarefors, K. [Solar Energy Research Center, Hoegskolan Dalarna, S-781 88 Borlaenge (Sweden); Marks, J. [Department of Operational Efficiency, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7060, S-750 07 Uppsala (Sweden); Wanlass, M. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 (United States of America)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Viscosity Measurements on Gaseous Ethane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Viscosity Measurements on Gaseous Ethane ... Only the pressures, densities, and viscosities are given in the table with regard to the large number of experimental points. ...

Jörg Wilhelm; Daniel Seibt; Eckhard Vogel; Daniel Buttig; Egon Hassel

2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

200

Purification of noisy quantum measurements  

SciTech Connect

We consider the problem of improving noisy quantum measurements by suitable preprocessing strategies making many noisy detectors equivalent to a single ideal detector. For observables pertaining to finite-dimensional systems (e.g., qubits or spins) we consider preprocessing strategies that are reminiscent of quantum error correction procedures and allow one to perfectly measure an observable on a single quantum system for increasing number of inefficient detectors. For measurements of observables with an unbounded spectrum (e.g., photon number and homodyne and heterodyne detection), the purification of noisy quantum measurements can be achieved by preamplification as suggested by Yuen [Opt. Lett. 12, 789 (1987)].

Dall'Arno, Michele; D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro [Quit Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo IV, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Sacchi, Massimiliano F. [Quit Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (IFN-CNR), Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milano (Italy)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Nuclear Safeguards Verification Measurement Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter deals with the “nuclear safeguards” verification system and describes procedures and measurement methods that allow the safeguards inspectorates/authorities...

M. Zendel; D. L. Donohue; E. Kuhn; S. Deron; T. Bíró

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Vibration measurement using videogrammetric method.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Measuring displacement for large-scale structures has always been an important yet challenging task. In most applications, it is not feasible to provide a stationary platform… (more)

Xiao, Xinghua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

ARM - Measurement - Longwave narrowband radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Send Measurement : Longwave narrowband radiance The rate at which radiant energy in the longwave portion of the spectrum is emitted in narrow wavelength bands in a...

204

Mini genset for vibration measurement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detta examensarbete gjordes vid Wärtsilä Service, Vibration Environmental and Measurement Technologies i Runsor, Vasa. Syftet med detta examensarbete var att designa och bygga ett minigenset… (more)

Mann, Dennis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Audio-Frequency Power Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... " prepared by the National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, is a brief pamphlet dealing with "Audio-Frequency Power Measurements" (pp. 16. London: H.M.S.O., 1954; ...

1955-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

206

Can Wind Lidars Measure Turbulence?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling of the systematic errors in the second-order moments of wind speeds measured by continuous-wave (ZephIR) and pulsed (WindCube) lidars is presented. These lidars use the conical scanning technique to measure the velocity field. The model ...

A. Sathe; J. Mann; J. Gottschall; M. S. Courtney

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Distributed Internet Security and Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BGP (the Internet's interdomain routing protocol). It introduces Pretty Good BGP, an anomaly detection#12;Distributed Internet Security and Measurement by Josh Karlin B.A., Computer Science Internet Security and Measurement by Josh Karlin ABSTRACT OF DISSERTATION Submitted in Partial Fulfillment

Forrest, Stephanie

208

ESnet Network Measurement Current Status  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 ESnet Network Measurement Current Status Joe Metzger Jan 24th 2008 ESCC meeting Energy SciencesSONAR collaboration focused on dynamic hybrid network issues ­ publication, visualization, and analysis of dynamic Architecture ­ Protocols based on the Open Grid Forum Network Measurement Working Group Schemas · Several

209

Phenomenology of the CAH+ measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CAH+ measure regulates the infinite spacetime volume of the multiverse by constructing a surface of constant comoving apparent horizon (CAH) and then removing the future lightcones of all points on that surface (the latter prescription is referred to by the "+" in the name of the measure). This measure was motivated by the conjectured duality between the bulk of the multiverse and its future infinity and by the causality condition, requiring that the cutoff surfaces of the measure should be spacelike or null. Here we investigate the phenomenology of the CAH+ measure and find that it does not suffer from any known pathologies. The distribution for the cosmological constant Lambda derived from this measure is in a good agreement with the observed value, and the distribution for the number of inflationary e-foldings satisfies the observational constraint. The CAH+ measure does not exhibit any "runaway" behaviors at zero or negative values of Lambda, which have been recently shown to afflict a number of other measures.

Michael P. Salem; Alexander Vilenkin

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

210

ARM - Measurement - Organic Carbon Concentration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsOrganic Carbon Concentration govMeasurementsOrganic Carbon Concentration ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Organic Carbon Concentration The concentration of carbon bound in organic compounds. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments ACSM : Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor Field Campaign Instruments AEROSCARBON : Aerosol Carbon Analyzer AEROSMASSSPEC : Aerosol Mass Spectrometer Datastreams AOS : Aerosol Observing System Datastreams

211

ARM - Measurement - Sea surface temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsSea surface temperature govMeasurementsSea surface temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Sea surface temperature The temperature of sea water near the surface. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data Field Campaign Instruments ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai

212

ARM - Measurement - Radiative heating rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsRadiative heating rate govMeasurementsRadiative heating rate ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Radiative heating rate The heating rate due to the divergence of long and shortwave radiative flux. Categories Radiometric, Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams MOLTSEDASSNDCLASS1 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS

213

ARM - Measurement - Soil moisture flux  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

moisture flux moisture flux ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Soil moisture flux A quantity measured according to the formula B = {lambda}(dq/dz), where {lambda} is the conductivity of the soil that the moisture is moving through. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems External Instruments ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts

214

ARM - Measurement - Soil heat flux  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heat flux heat flux ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Soil heat flux A quantity measured according to the formula B = {lambda}(dT/dz), where {lambda} is the conductivity of the soil that the heat is moving through. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems EBBR : Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station SEBS : Surface Energy Balance System External Instruments

215

measured data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

measured data measured data Dataset Summary Description A csv with measured data from NREL's Research and Support Facility (RSF) for 2011.The dataset contains hourly data for: - Total Cooling (kW)- Total Heating (kW)- Total Mechanical (kW)- Total Lighting (kW)- Total Plug Loads (kW)- Total Data Center (kW)- Total Building (kW)- PV (kW)- Building Net (kW) Source NREL Date Released February 07th, 2013 (10 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 measured data NREL RSF Data text/csv icon rsf_measured_data_2011.csv (csv, 470.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Attribution License Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

216

Measured Performance of Selective Glazings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measured Performance of Selective Glazings Measured Performance of Selective Glazings Title Measured Performance of Selective Glazings Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBL-37747 Year of Publication 1995 Authors Klems, Joseph H., Mehry Yazdanian, and Guy O. Kelley Conference Name Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VI Conference Date Published 12/1995 Conference Location Clearwater Beach, FL Call Number LBL-37747 Abstract Measurements of the net heat flow through four selective glazings in comparison with clear double glazing under late summer outdoor conditions are presented. The solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) for each glazing is extracted from the data and shown to be angle-dependent. Good agreement is found between measured properties and calculations with WINDOW 4.1.

217

ARM - Measurement - Backscatter depolarization ratio  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsBackscatter depolarization ratio govMeasurementsBackscatter depolarization ratio ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Backscatter depolarization ratio The ratio of cross polarized to co-polarized elastic backscatter. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments HSRL : High Spectral Resolution Lidar RL : Raman Lidar Field Campaign Instruments HSRL : High Spectral Resolution Lidar MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai MPL-AIR : Micropulse Lidar- Airborne

218

Integrated Emissivity And Temperature Measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-channel spectrometer and a light source are used to measure both the emitted and the reflected light from a surface which is at an elevated temperature relative to its environment. In a first method, the temperature of the surface and emissivity in each wavelength is calculated from a knowledge of the spectrum and the measurement of the incident and reflected light. In the second method, the reflected light is measured from a reference surface having a known reflectivity and the same geometry as the surface of interest and the emitted and the reflected light are measured for the surface of interest. These measurements permit the computation of the emissivity in each channel of the spectrometer and the temperature of the surface of interest.

Poulsen, Peter (Livermore, CA)

2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

219

Measurement-based quantum repeaters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce measurement-based quantum repeaters, where small-scale measurement-based quantum processors are used to perform entanglement purification and entanglement swapping in a long-range quantum communication protocol. In the scheme, pre-prepared entangled states stored at intermediate repeater stations are coupled with incoming photons by simple Bell-measurements, without the need of performing additional quantum gates or measurements. We show how to construct the required resource states, and how to minimize their size. We analyze the performance of the scheme under noise and imperfections, with focus on small-scale implementations involving entangled states of few qubits. We find measurement-based purification protocols with significantly improved noise thresholds. Furthermore we show that already resource states of small size suffice to significantly increase the maximal communication distance. We also discuss possible advantages of our scheme for different set-ups.

Zwerger, M; Briegel, H J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Specimen coordinate automated measuring machine/fiducial automated measuring machine  

SciTech Connect

The Specimen coordinate Automated Measuring Machine (SCAMM) and the Fiducial Automated Measuring Machine (FAMM) is a computer controlled metrology system capable of measuring length, width, and thickness, and of locating fiducial marks. SCAMM and FAMM have many similarities in their designs, and they can be converted from one to the other without taking them out of the hot cell. Both have means for: supporting a plurality of samples and a standard; controlling the movement of the samples in the +/- X and Y directions; determining the coordinates of the sample; compensating for temperature effects; and verifying the accuracy of the measurements and repeating as necessary. SCAMM and FAMM are designed to be used in hot cells.

Hedglen, Robert E. (Bethel Park, PA); Jacket, Howard S. (Pittsburgh, PA); Schwartz, Allan I. (Turtle Creek, PA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Comparison of HEU Measurements Using Measured and Simulated Data  

SciTech Connect

Correlated neutron data analyzed using the Feynman Variance-to-Mean method are can be used to assess the multiplication and mass of special nuclear material (SNM) systems. After list-mode data are acquired, the multiplication and mass can be determined using detector parameters. This work compares data sets that were measured to simulated data using recent MCNP list-mode modifications. In addition, both sets of data are analyzed using both measured and simulated parameters to infer the system multiplication.

Hutchinson, Jesson D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sood, Avneet [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith-Nelson, Mark A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dinwiddie, Derek R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Myers, William L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

222

Review of air flow measurement techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

static pressure distributions were measured in the duct and HVACstatic pressure distributions were measured in the duct and HVACstatic pressure distributions were measured in the duct and HVAC

McWilliams, Jennifer

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Medición de la carga y el ímpetu Medición de la carga y el ímpetu Avanzar Volver Principal ESTOY PERDIDO!!! Una función importante del detector es medir la carga y el ímpetu de una partícula. Por esta razón, las partes internas del detector, especialmente el dispositivo de rastreo, están dentro de un fuerte campo magnético. Las señas de las partículas cargadas pueden ser leídas fácilmente, a partir de sus rastros ya que, en un mismo campo magnético, las partículas positivas y negativas doblan en direcciones opuestas . Se pueden calcular los ímpetus de las partículas, dado que las trayectorias de las partículas que tienen mayor ímpetu doblan menos que las de aquéllas con menor ímpetu. Esto es así porque una partícula con mayor ímpetu permanece menos tiempo en el campo magnético o bien tiene

224

Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the incoming signals from the nine detectors The pulse height peaks correspond to the energy deposited by vertical muons traveling straight through the detectors Katherine...

225

Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

radial profile of magnetic field in the Gas-Dynamic Trap using a motional Stark effect diagnostic P. A. Bagryansky, P. P. Deichuli, A. A. Ivanov, S. A. Korepanov, A. A. Lizunov, S....

226

Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

magnetic field induced by a turbulent flow of liquid metal a... M. D. Nornberg, E. J. Spence, R. D. Kendrick, C. M. Jacobson, and C. B. Forest b Department of Physics, University...

227

ARM - Measurement - Aerosol optical depth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

depth depth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol optical depth A measure of how much light aerosols prevent from passing through a column of atmosphere. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments HSRL : High Spectral Resolution Lidar MPL : Micropulse Lidar MFRSR : Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer NIMFR : Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer Field Campaign Instruments AOS-PMFOV : Acoustical Optical Spectrometer-Photometer with Multiple

228

ARM - Measurement - Surface skin temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

skin temperature skin temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface skin temperature The radiative surface skin temperature, from an IR thermometer measuring the narrowband radiating temperature of the ground surface in its field of view. Categories Radiometric, Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments IRT : Infrared Thermometer MFRIRT : Multifilter Radiometer and Infrared Thermometer External Instruments

229

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave narrowband radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

narrowband radiance narrowband radiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave narrowband radiance A measure of the intrinsic radiant energy flux intensity, at wavelengths between 0.4 and 4 {mu}, emitted by a radiator in a given direction, expressed in units of energy per unit time per unit solid angle. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CSPHOT : Cimel Sunphotometer SWS : Shortwave Spectroradiometer

230

ARM - Measurement - Aerosol particle size  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

particle size particle size ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol particle size Linear size (e.g. radius or diameter) of an aerosol particle. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Field Campaign Instruments AEROSMASSSPEC : Aerosol Mass Spectrometer CPI : Cloud Particle Imager DRI-GND : Desert Research Institute Ground-Based Aerosol Instruments DRUM-AEROSOL : Drum Aerosol Sampler AEROSOL-TOWER-EML : EML Tower based Aerosol Measurements

231

Viscosity Measurements on Gaseous Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Viscosity Measurements on Gaseous Propane ... However, in that case, the viscosities will have to be re-evaluated too, which also requires the parameters of the wire oscillation, the logarithmic decrement and the frequency. ...

Jörg Wilhelm; Eckhard Vogel

2001-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

232

Measurements and Characterization (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Measurements and Characterization that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information for Analytical Microscopy, Electro-Optical Characterization, Surface Analysis, and Cell and Module Performance.

Not Available

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Optimal measurements in quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four common optimality criteria for measurements are formulated using relations in the set of observables, and their connections are clarified. As case studies, 1-0 observables, localization observables, and photon counting observables are considered.

T. Heinonen

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

234

Harvard Forest Environmental Measurement Site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harvard University #12;Site Descrip>on · Mixed hardwood and conifer forest · 40Harvard Forest Environmental Measurement Site Petersham, MA Evan Goldman interannual variability and long-term trends in fluxes and forest physiological responses

235

Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Support Contract FY15 Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plan Printed on: December 30, 2014 Mission Support Contract Section J - November 2014 Contract No. DE-AC06-09RL14728...

236

Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Operations and maintenance (O&M) measurement tends to focus on reliability as the sole metric. Every Federal agency wants a reliable facility, but this metric alone is not enough to build a...

237

ARM - Measurement - Cloud top height  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud top height For a given cloud or cloud layer, the highest level of the atmosphere where...

238

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor optical properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

optical properties ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor...

239

Thermal Dosimetry and Temperature Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Saptem ber 15 and 16, 1978, San Diego, Calif. 2 The abbreviations used are: RF, radiofrequency; LED, light-emitting diode. gross temperature measurement errors when the probes are used to monitor tissue or phantom material in an electromag...

D. A. Christensen

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Informational power of quantum measurements  

SciTech Connect

We introduce the informational power of a quantum measurement as the maximum amount of classical information that the measurement can extract from any ensemble of quantum states. We prove the additivity by showing that the informational power corresponds to the classical capacity of a quantum-classical channel. We restate the problem of evaluating the informational power as the maximization of the accessible information of a suitable ensemble. We provide a numerical algorithm to find an optimal ensemble and quantify the informational power.

Dall'Arno, Michele; D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro [Quit Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', via A. Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo IV, via A. Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Sacchi, Massimiliano F. [Quit Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', via A. Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (INF-CNR), Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, I-20133, Milano (Italy)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Measuring Solar Abundances with Seismology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The revision of the photospheric abundances proferred by Asplund et al has rendered opacity theory inconsistent with the seismologically determined opacity through the Sun. This highlights the need for a direct seismological measurement of solar abundances. Here we describe the technique used to measure abundances with seismology, examine our ability to detect differences between solar models using this technique, and discuss its application in the Sun.

Katie Mussack; Douglas Gough

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

R Measurements at High Q^2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous Measurements of R at high Q^2 are reviewed. Recent R measurement results, including those from the Beijing Spectrometer Experiment, are described. The present status of R measurements and future measurement possiblities are summarized.

F. A. Harris

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Interoperability testing for shop floor measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Manufactured parts are typically measured to ensure quality. Measurement involves equipment and software from many different vendors, and interoperability is a major problem faced by manufacturers. The I++ Dimensional Measuring Equipment (DME) specification ... Keywords: interoperability, measurement, software testing

Fred Proctor; Bill Rippey; John Horst; Joe Falco; Tom Kramer

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Acoustic Building Infiltration Measurement System (ABIMS)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Acoustic Building Infilitration Measurement System project is developing an acoustic method of measuring the infiltration of a building envelope.

245

SOME PROPERTIES OF PATH MEASURES CHRISTIAN LEONARD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOME PROPERTIES OF PATH MEASURES CHRISTIAN L´EONARD Abstract. We call any measure on a path space, a path measure. Some notions about path measures which appear naturally when solving the Schr of an unbounded path measure 3 2. Relative entropy with respect to an unbounded measure 7 3. Positive integration

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

Entanglement cost of generalised measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bipartite entanglement is one of the fundamental quantifiable resources of quantum information theory. We propose a new application of this resource to the theory of quantum measurements. According to Naimark's theorem any rank 1 generalised measurement (POVM) M may be represented as a von Neumann measurement in an extended (tensor product) space of the system plus ancilla. By considering a suitable average of the entanglements of these measurement directions and minimising over all Naimark extensions, we define a notion of entanglement cost E_min(M) of M. We give a constructive means of characterising all Naimark extensions of a given POVM. We identify various classes of POVMs with zero and non-zero cost and explicitly characterise all POVMs in 2 dimensions having zero cost. We prove a constant upper bound on the entanglement cost of any POVM in any dimension. Hence the asymptotic entanglement cost (i.e. the large n limit of the cost of n applications of M, divided by n) is zero for all POVMs. The trine measurement is defined by three rank 1 elements, with directions symmetrically placed around a great circle on the Bloch sphere. We give an analytic expression for its entanglement cost. Defining a normalised cost of any d-dimensional POVM by E_min(M)/log(d), we show (using a combination of analytic and numerical techniques) that the trine measurement is more costly than any other POVM with d>2, or with d=2 and ancilla dimension 2. This strongly suggests that the trine measurement is the most costly of all POVMs.

Richard Jozsa; Masato Koashi; Noah Linden; Sandu Popescu; Stuart Presnell; Dan Shepherd; Andreas Winter

2003-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

247

Non-doubling Ahlfors measures, Perimeter measures, and the ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The X-perimeter of a C1,1 domain is an upper 1-Ahlfors measure. 39 ... Failure of the 1-Ahlfors condition for the X-perimeter of C1,? domains 55. Chapter 7. ...... + mr the topological dimension of G. The notation {ej,1, ..., ej,mj }, j = 1, ..., r, will.

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

248

Final Detailed Measurement Program Plan Detailed Measurement Program Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by TrueWind Solutions, LLC Albany, New York for California Energy Commission Sacramento, California was developed by TrueWind Solutions, hereon referred to as TrueWind, to guide Task 4 of the Wind Energy Resource Modeling and Measurement Project, contact number 500-03-006, with the California Energy Commission

249

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor Size Distribution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Size Distribution Size Distribution ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor Size Distribution The number of hydrometeors observed in a given size range. Categories Cloud Properties, Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments LDIS : Laser Disdrometer Datastreams LDIS : Laser Disdrometer Datastreams PARS2 : OTT Parsivel2 Laser Disdrometer VDIS : Video Disdrometer Datastreams VDIS : Video Disdrometer Drop Size Distribution

250

ARM - Measurement - Cloud ice particle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ice particle ice particle ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud ice particle Particles made of ice found in clouds. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Field Campaign Instruments REPLICATOR : Balloon-borne Ice Crystal Replicator CPI : Cloud Particle Imager CVI-AIR : Counterflow Virtual Impactor LEARJET : Lear Jet PARTIMG : Particle imager UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments

251

ARM - Measurement - Particle size distribution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

size distribution size distribution ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Particle size distribution The number of particles present in any given volume of air within a specified size range. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System CSPHOT : Cimel Sunphotometer TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer UHSAS : Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer Field Campaign Instruments

252

ARM - Measurement - Total cloud water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cloud water cloud water ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Total cloud water The total concentration (mass/vol) of ice and liquid water particles in a cloud; this includes condensed water content (CWC). Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments NCEPGFS : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System Field Campaign Instruments CSI : Cloud Spectrometer and Impactor PDI : Phase Doppler Interferometer

253

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor fall velocity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fall velocity fall velocity ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor fall velocity Fall velocity of hydrometeors (e.g. rain, snow, graupel, hail). Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments DISDROMETER : Impact Disdrometer LDIS : Laser Disdrometer WSACR : Scanning ARM Cloud Radar, tuned to W-Band (95GHz) Field Campaign Instruments DISDROMETER : Impact Disdrometer PDI : Phase Doppler Interferometer

254

ARM - Measurement - Cloud condensation nuclei  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

condensation nuclei condensation nuclei ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud condensation nuclei Small particles (typically 0.0002 mm, or 1/100 th the size of a cloud droplet) about which cloud droplets coalesce. Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System CCN : Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

255

ARM - Measurement - Longwave spectral radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spectral radiance spectral radiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave spectral radiance The rate at which the spectrally resolved radiant energy in the longwave portion of the spectrum is emitted in a particular direction per unit area perpendicular to the direction of radiation. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer ASSIST : Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral

256

ARM - Measurement - Cloud droplet size  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

droplet size droplet size ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud droplet size Linear size (e.g. radius or diameter) of a cloud particle Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Field Campaign Instruments CPI : Cloud Particle Imager CVI-AIR : Counterflow Virtual Impactor MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai PDI : Phase Doppler Interferometer UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments SPEC-CPI : Stratton Park Engineering Company - Cloud particle imager

257

Measuring Dependence on Imported Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Dependence on Imported Oil Dependence on Imported Oil by C. William Skinner* U.S. dependence on imported oil** can be measured in at least two ways. The differences hinge largely on whether oil imports are defined as net imports (total imports minus exports) or as total imports. EIA believes that the net-imports definition gives a clearer indication of the fraction of oil consumed that could not have been supplied from domestic sources and is thus the most appropriate measure. With this issue of the Monthly Energy Review, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) introduces a revised table that expresses depend- ence on imports in terms of both measures. How dependent is the United States on foreign oil? How dependent are we on oil from the Persian Gulf or other sensitive areas? Do we import more than we produce domes-

258

ARM - Measurement - Aerosol optical properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

properties properties ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol optical properties The optical properties of aerosols, including asymmetry factor, phase-function, single-scattering albedo, refractive index, and backscatter fraction. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CSPHOT : Cimel Sunphotometer NEPHELOMETER : Nephelometer Field Campaign Instruments AOS-PMFOV : Acoustical Optical Spectrometer-Photometer with Multiple

259

ARM - Measurement - Cloud base height  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

base height base height ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud base height For a given cloud or cloud layer, the lowest level of the atmosphere where cloud properties are detectable. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments BLC : Belfort Laser Ceilometer MPL : Micropulse Lidar MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RL : Raman Lidar VCEIL : Vaisala Ceilometer External Instruments NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC

260

ARM - Measurement - Aerosol backscattered radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

backscattered radiation backscattered radiation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol backscattered radiation The scattering of radiant energy into the hemisphere of space bounded by a plane normal to the direction of the incident radiation and lying on the same side as the incident ray. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System MPL : Micropulse Lidar NEPHELOMETER : Nephelometer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

ARM - Measurement - Cloud optical depth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

optical depth optical depth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud optical depth Amount of light cloud droplets or ice particles prevent from passing through a column of atmosphere. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites Field Campaign Instruments EC-CONVAIR580-BULK : Environment Canada Convair 580 Bulk Parameters GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites

262

Future Muon Dipole Moment Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the famous experiments of Stern and Gerlach to the present, measurements of magnetic dipole moments, and searches for electric dipole moments of ``elementary'' particles have played a major role in our understanding of sub-atomic physics. In this talk I discuss the progress on measurements and theory of the magnetic dipole moment of the muon. I also discuss a new proposal to search for a permanent electric dipole moment (EDM) of the muon and put it into the more general context of other EDM searches. These experiments, along with searches for the lepton flavor violating decays $\\mu \\to e \\gamma$ and $\\mu^- + A \\to e^- + A$, provide a path to the high-energy frontier through precision measurements.

B. Lee Roberts

2004-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

263

$J/?$ and $?$ measurements in STAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy-quarkonium states are expected to evidenciate the deconfinement of the nuclear matter into a Quark-Gluon Plasma in heavy-ion collisions. To strive conclusive information from quarkonium production modification in A+A collisions, systematic measurements of the $J/\\psi$ and $\\Upsilon$ states in p+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions are necessary. To accomplish this mission the STAR experiment has a Quarkonium program based on the development of specific trigger setups that take advantage of the large STAR acceptance. In this work we present the preliminary results of the $J/\\psi$ and $\\Upsilon$ measurement in 200 GeV p+p and the first measurements of $\\Upsilon$ in 200 GeV heavy ion collisions.

Mauro R. Cosentino; for the Star Collaboration

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

264

Thermomechanical measurements on thermal microactuators.  

SciTech Connect

Due to the coupling of thermal and mechanical behaviors at small scales, a Campaign 6 project was created to investigate thermomechanical phenomena in microsystems. This report documents experimental measurements conducted under the auspices of this project. Since thermal and mechanical measurements for thermal microactuators were not available for a single microactuator design, a comprehensive suite of thermal and mechanical experimental data was taken and compiled for model validation purposes. Three thermal microactuator designs were selected and fabricated using the SUMMiT V{sup TM} process at Sandia National Laboratories. Thermal and mechanical measurements for the bent-beam polycrystalline silicon thermal microactuators are reported, including displacement, overall actuator electrical resistance, force, temperature profiles along microactuator legs in standard laboratory air pressures and reduced pressures down to 50 mTorr, resonant frequency, out-of-plane displacement, and dynamic displacement response to applied voltages.

Baker, Michael Sean; Epp, David S.; Serrano, Justin Raymond; Gorby, Allen D.; Phinney, Leslie Mary

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Measured performance of selective glazings  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the net heat flow through four selective glazings in comparison with clear double glazing under late summer outdoor conditions are presented. The SHGC for each glazing is extracted from the data and shown to be angle-dependent. The method of extracting the angle-dependent SHGC from the data is checked by comparing the measured SHGC for the clear double glazing to the calculation of OW 4. 1, which is assumed to be correct. Good agreement between the two is found. The measured angle-dependent SHGC`s of the selective glazings are then used to test the OW 4.1 selective glazing calculation and good agreement is again found.

Klems, J.H.; Yazdanian, M.; Kelley, G.O.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Compressed natural gas measurement issues  

SciTech Connect

The Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition`s Measurement and Metering Task Group (MMTG) was established on July 1st, 1992 to develop suggested revisions to National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) Handbook 44-1992 (Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices) and NIST Handbook 130-1991 (Uniform Laws & Regulations). Specifically, the suggested revisions will address the sale and measurement of compressed natural gas when sold as a motor vehicle fuel. This paper briefly discusses the activities of the MMTG and its interaction with NIST. The paper also discusses the Institute of Gas Technology`s (IGT) support of the MMTG in the area of natural gas composition, their impact on metering technology applicable to high pressure fueling stations as well as conversion factors for the establishment of ``gallon gasoline equivalent`` of natural gas. The final portion of this paper discusses IGT`s meter research activities and its meter test facility.

Blazek, C.F.; Kinast, J.A.; Freeman, P.M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

267

Pulsation effects on orifice measurement  

SciTech Connect

The natural gas transmission industry has historically relied on the orifice as the contractual standard for custody transfer. The simplicity, reliability, low maintenance, rangeability (afforded by changing plate beta ratios) and repeatability of the orifice, together with reliable secondary systems, has dispelled flow measurement replacement attempts. While an influx of other meter types has occurred in recent years, the dominance of orifice meters dictate that any serious attempt at improved gas measurement accuracy must emphasize all phases of orifice meter installation. This paper reports on unsteady flow (pulsation) which can compromise orifice system accuracy. Instruments and error calculations for pulsation are reviewed.

Doelling, C. (Pipeline and Compressor Research Council, Tulsa, OK (US))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Quantum Theory and Spacelike Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimentally observed violations of Bell inequalities rule out local realistic theories. Consequently, the quantum state vector becomes a strong candidate for providing an objective picture of reality. However, such an ontological view of quantum theory faces difficulties when spacelike measurements on entangled states have to be described, because time ordering of spacelike events can change under Lorentz-Poincar\\'e transformations. In the present paper it is shown that a necessary condition for consistency is to require state vector reduction on the backward light-cone. A fresh approach to the quantum measurement problem appears feasible within such a framework.

Bernd A. Berg

1998-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

269

Efficient universal programmable quantum measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A universal programmable detector is a device that can be tuned to perform any desired measurement on a given quantum system, by changing the state of an ancilla. With a finite dimension d for the ancilla only approximate universal programmability is possible, with "size" d=f(1/e) increasing function of the "accuracy" 1/e. In this letter we show that, much better than the exponential size known in the literature, one can achieve polynomial size. An explicit example with linear size is also presented. Finally, we show that for covariant measurements exact programmability is feasible.

Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Paolo Perinotti

2004-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

270

Beta ray flux measuring device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A beta ray flux measuring device in an activated member in-core instrumentation system for pressurized water reactors. The device includes collector rings positioned about an axis in the reactor's pressure boundary. Activated members such as hydroballs are positioned within respective ones of the collector rings. A response characteristic such as the current from or charge on a collector ring indicates the beta ray flux from the corresponding hydroball and is therefore a measure of the relative nuclear power level in the region of the reactor core corresponding to the specific exposed hydroball within the collector ring.

Impink, Jr., Albert J. (Murrysville, PA); Goldstein, Norman P. (Murrysville, PA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Automatic HTS force measurement instrument  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is disclosed for measuring the levitation force of a high temperature superconductor sample with respect to a reference magnet includes a receptacle for holding several high temperature superconductor samples each cooled to superconducting temperature. A rotatable carousel successively locates a selected one of the high temperature superconductor samples in registry with the reference magnet. Mechanism varies the distance between one of the high temperature superconductor samples and the reference magnet, and a sensor measures levitation force of the sample as a function of the distance between the reference magnet and the sample. A method is also disclosed. 3 figs.

Sanders, S.T.; Niemann, R.C.

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

272

Automatic HTS force measurement instrument  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for measuring the levitation force of a high temperature superconductor sample with respect to a reference magnet includes a receptacle for holding several high temperature superconductor samples each cooled to superconducting temperature. A rotatable carousel successively locates a selected one of the high temperature superconductor samples in registry with the reference magnet. Mechanism varies the distance between one of the high temperature superconductor samples and the reference magnet, and a sensor measures levitation force of the sample as a function of the distance between the reference magnet and the sample. A method is also disclosed.

Sanders, Scott T. (Valparaiso, IN); Niemann, Ralph C. (Downers Grove, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

sin 2 beta + gamma Measurements  

SciTech Connect

I report on the most recent measurements done to constrain sin(2{beta}+{gamma}) with neutral B mesons. Direct measurements of 2{beta} + {gamma} will provide a precise test of the standard model predictions with higher statistics. Present constraints come from studies of B {yields} D{sup (*){+-}}{pi}{sup {-+}}/{rho}{sup {-+}} decays done by BABAR and Belle collaborations with full and inclusive techniques to reconstruct B mesons. B {yields} D{sup 0(*)}K{sup 0} decays are also very promising but statistics are too low to give any constraint at the moment.

Therin, G; /Paris U., VI-VII

2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

274

Pulse measurement apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An embodiment of the invention is directed to a pulse measuring system that measures a characteristic of an input pulse under test, particularly the pulse shape of a single-shot, nano-second duration, high shape-contrast optical or electrical pulse. An exemplary system includes a multi-stage, passive pulse replicator, wherein each successive stage introduces a fixed time delay to the input pulse under test, a repetitively-gated electronic sampling apparatus that acquires the pulse train including an entire waveform of each replica pulse, a processor that temporally aligns the replicated pulses, and an averager that temporally averages the replicated pulses to generate the pulse shape of the pulse under test. An embodiment of the invention is directed to a method for measuring an optical or an electrical pulse shape. The method includes the steps of passively replicating the pulse under test with a known time delay, temporally stacking the pulses, and temporally averaging the stacked pulses. An embodiment of the invention is directed to a method for increasing the dynamic range of a pulse measurement by a repetitively-gated electronic sampling device having a rated dynamic range capability, beyond the rated dynamic range of the sampling device; e.g., enhancing the dynamic range of an oscilloscope. The embodied technique can improve the SNR from about 300:1 to 1000:1. A dynamic range enhancement of four to seven bits may be achieved.

Marciante, John R. (Webster, NY); Donaldson, William R. (Pittsford, NY); Roides, Richard G. (Scottsville, NY)

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

275

Atmosphere-Surface Exchange Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...HICKS, B.B., A SIMULATION OF THE EDDY ACCUMULATION...CLOSURES IN 2ND-ORDER MODELING, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC...Their advantag-es are rapid response, linear output...the measurement and modeling of surface fluxes are...the appli-cation of automated conditional sampling...

W. F. Dabberdt; D. H. Lenschow; T. W. Horst; P. R. Zimmerman; S. P. Oncley; A. C. Delany

1993-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

276

Methods for measuring turbine efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the most common methods used for measuring hydro turbine efficiency. These methods are the acoustic flowmeter method, the Gibson (pressure-time) method, pressure drop across a flow restriction, propeller-driven flowmeters, the volumetric method, Winter-Kennedy taps, and the thermodynamic method. A new computerized variation of the Gibson method is also described.

O'Kelly, F.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Trace Evidence Measurement Science & Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and conformity assessment activities ... Article I, Section 8: "The Congress shall have the power to Assessment ­ Problems Relating to the Interpretation of Forensic Evidence · NIST: Measurement services with those of other nations · to advise government and industry on scientific and technical problems

Perkins, Richard A.

278

Measuring and Improving Cell Capability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring and Improving Cell Capability by Tom Bering Rate Parts / Hour Parts / Car Good Parts 1000 ppm defects/part 1 ppm defects/part 0.1 ppm defects/part 0.001 ppm defects/part 3600 Good Parts / Hour Defect Every 20 Min. Defect Every 2 Weeks Defect Every 20 Weeks Defect Every 40 Years 5000 Good Parts = 1

Bone, Gary

279

Bruce A. Measure Dick Wallace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Booth Idaho James A. Yost Idaho Tom Karier Washington Bill Bradbury Oregon Joan M. Dukes Oregon Council Meeting Boise Idaho March 8-9, 2011 Minutes Chairman Measure called the meeting to order at 1:30 p the entities will work closely on projects of mutual interest, share scientific information, and sponsor joint

280

LHC Network Measurement Joe Metzger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 HENP SIG LHC Network Measurement Challenges Joe Metzger April 22 2008 Internet2 Spring Members #12;2 Current Network Environment · Most R&E network backbones are composed of 10Gbps links · The LHC... ­ Network topology is constantly changing! ­ LHC data transfer flows are not typical internet flows ­ Many

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Standby Measuring Standby Power to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories Product Designation Process Low Standby Power Low Standby Product List Measuring Standby Power Frequently Asked Questions Energy & Cost Savings Calculators Model Acquisitions Language

282

A Mathematical Perspective For Software Measures Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Mathematical Perspective For Software Measures Research Austin C. Melton y , David A. Gustafsonz software measures research. In the prevailing paradigm for the validation of software measures there is a fundamental assumption that the sets of measured documents are ordered, and that measures should report

Bieman, James M.

283

DipZoom: The Internet Measurements Marketplace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DipZoom: The Internet Measurements Marketplace (Position Paper) Michael Rabinovich, Sipat Triukose measurements. Unlike existing approaches that face a difficult challenge of building a measurement platform with suf- ficiently diverse measurements and measuring hosts, DipZoom offers a matchmaking service instead

Rabinovich, Michael "Misha"

284

Convex and coherent risk measures Hans FOLLMER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Monetary risk measure, convex risk measure, coherent risk measure, acceptance set, Value at Risk. Section 3 briefly discusses the representation of monetary risk measures in terms of their acceptance sets-free manner, makes the position acceptable. The following axiomatic approach to such risk measures

Föllmer, Hans

285

Core Measure Average KTR Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measure Measure Average KTR Results FY 12 Target FY 12 DOE M&O CONTRACTOR (KTR) BSC RESULTS FY 2012 Customer Perspective and level of communication provided by the procurement office 95 92 Internal Business Perspective: Assessment (%) of the degree to which the purchasing system is in compliance with stakeholder requirements 97 Local Goals % Delivery on-time (includes JIT, excludes Purchase Cards) 88 84 % of total dollars obligated, on actions > $150K , that were awarded using effective competition 73 Local Goals Rapid Purchasing Techniques: -% of transactions placed by users 77 Local Goals -% of transactions placed through electronic commerce 62 Local Goals Average Cycle Time: -Average cycle time for <= $150K 8 6 to 9 days

286

Opcode counting for performance measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, systems and computer program products are disclosed for measuring a performance of a program running on a processing unit of a processing system. In one embodiment, the method comprises informing a logic unit of each instruction in the program that is executed by the processing unit, assigning a weight to each instruction, assigning the instructions to a plurality of groups, and analyzing the plurality of groups to measure one or more metrics. In one embodiment, each instruction includes an operating code portion, and the assigning includes assigning the instructions to the groups based on the operating code portions of the instructions. In an embodiment, each type of instruction is assigned to a respective one of the plurality of groups. These groups may be combined into a plurality of sets of the groups.

Gara, Alan; Satterfield, David L; Walkup, Robert E

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

287

Measurement of the tau lifetime  

SciTech Connect

If the tau lepton couples to the charged weak current with universal strength, its lifetime can be expressed in terms of the muon's lifetime, the ratio of the masses of the muon and the tau, and the tau's branching ratio into e anti nu/sub e/ nu/sub tau/ as tau/sub tau/ = tau/sub ..mu../ (m/sub ..mu..//m/sub tau/)/sup 5/ B(tau ..-->.. e anti nu/sub e/nu/sub tau/) = 2.8 +- 0.2 x 10/sup -13/ s. This paper describes the measurement of the tau lifetime made by the Mark II collaboration, using a new high precision drift chamber in contunction with the Mark II detector at PEP. The results of other tau lifetime measurements are summarized.

Jaros, J.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Introductory Experiment in Electrical Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The author has felt that the transition from the elementary to the intermediate laboratory may sometimes be too abrupt and that while the student is getting accustomed to the more advanced laboratory he misses some of the important points in the early experiments he performs. The experiment described is designed to accustom the student to the new level of experiments and give him some insight into some fundamental principles of experimentation. The experiment consists of measuring a resistance by several different methods. The results are then compared and the relative merits of the methods are discussed. The methods used are the ohmmeter the voltmeter-ammeter method the Wheatstone bridge the potentiometer and the substitution method. Details of these measurements will be discussed.

Francis T. Worrell

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Finite Quantum Measure Spaces Denise Schmitz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite Quantum Measure Spaces Denise Schmitz 4 June 2012 Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Preliminaries 2 2.1 Finite Measure Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.2 Quantum Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 Quantum Measures 3 3.1 Grade-2 Additivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Morrow, James A.

290

Superluminal neutrino: a quantum weak measurement effect?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superluminal neutrino: a quantum weak measurement effect? Pragya Shukla · Dynamical laws, both in quantum and classical theory, are ?me-symmetric. · Measurements, the result of a measurement performed at a later ?me t1 or previous ?me

291

Measurements and Calculations on Heliostat Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The HERMES (Heliostat and Receiver Measuring System) has proved to ... for measurements of high solar fluxes from complete heliostat fields. The relevant measured data were heliostat field efficiency, beam qualit...

W. Schiel; G. Lemperle

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Measure Transformer Semantics for Bayesian Machine Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measure Transformer Semantics for Bayesian Machine Learning Johannes Borgstr¨om1, Andrew D. Gordon1 define combinators for measure transformers, based on theorems in measure theory, and use these to give

Plotkin, Joshua B.

293

Defining and Measuring Safeguards Culture  

SciTech Connect

In light of the shift toward State Level Evaluations and information driven safeguards, this paper offers a refined definition of safeguards culture and a set of metrics for measuring the extent to which a safeguards culture exists in a state. Where the IAEA is able to use the definition and metrics to come to a positive conclusion about the country, it may help reduce the burden on the Agency and the state.

Frazar, Sarah L.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

2010-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

294

Comparison of measurement methods for partial discharge measurement in power cables:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nowadays there are many partial discharge (PD) measurement systems on the market. There are systems that measure according to the IEC60270 standard (conventional measurement) and… (more)

Van Veen, L.W.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Wildlife toxicity extrapolations: Measurement endpoints  

SciTech Connect

Ecotoxicological assessments must rely on the extrapolation of toxicity data from a few indicator species to many species of concern. Data are available from laboratory studies (e.g., quail, mallards, rainbow trout, fathead minnow) and some planned or serendipitous field studies of a broader, but by no means comprehensive, suite of species. Yet all ecological risk assessments begin with an estimate of risk based on information gleaned from the literature. One is then confronted with the necessity of extrapolating toxicity information from a limited number of indicator species to ail organisms of interest. This is a particularly acute problem when trying to estimate hazard to wildlife in terrestrial systems as there is an extreme paucity of data for most chemicals in all but a handful of species. This section continues the debate by six panelists of the ``correct`` approach for determining wildlife toxicity thresholds by examining which are the appropriate measurement endpoints. Should only mortality, growth, or reproductive endpoints be used? Since toxicity threshold values may be used to make management decisions, should values related to each measurement endpoint be presented to allow the risk assessor to choose the measurement endpoint most relevant to the assessment questions being asked, or is a standard approach that uses the lowest value that causes a toxicologic response in any system of the animal a more appropriate, conservative estimate?

Fairbrother, A. [Ecological Planning and Toxicology, Inc., Corvallis, OR (United States); Berg, M. van den [Univ. of Utrecht (Netherlands). Research Inst. of Toxicology

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

296

Accountability Measures — Using Measurement to Promote Quality Improvement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effectiveness to make improved outcomes likely). Organizations that wish to improve their performance record may be tempted to create clever discharge-instruction forms with just the right check-boxes and printed information summaries to satisfy the chart reviewers' rules concerning compliance with the... The authors argue that quality measures in health care should be based on strong evidence that a care process directly improves outcomes, should capture the actual performance of a process, should address a process proximate to the desired outcome, and should not have unintended adverse consequences.

Chassin M.R.Loeb J.M.Schmaltz S.P.Wachter R.M.

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

297

Assessment of Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification Methods...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Assessment of Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification Methods - 2014 BTO Peer Review Assessment of Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification Methods - 2014 BTO Peer Review...

298

Benefits of Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Benefits of Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification Benefits of Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification This document provides information about the benefits of performing...

299

Particle Number & Particulate Mass Emissions Measurements on...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Number & Particulate Mass Emissions Measurements on a 'Euro VI' Heavy-duty Engine using the PMP Methodologies Particle Number & Particulate Mass Emissions Measurements on a 'Euro...

300

Standardization of Transport Properties Measurements: Internal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Standardization of Transport Properties Measurements: Internal Energy Agency (IEA-AMT) Annex on Thermoelectric Standardization of Transport Properties Measurements: Internal Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Measure and Evaluate Institutional Change for Sustainability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The measure and evaluation step is crucial to ensure that institutional change efforts produce successful results in meeting sustainability goals. To measure success, an evaluation is needed.

302

Satisficing measures for analysis of risky positions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

satisficing measures and show that they are dual to classes of risk measures. ..... augment a position in order to make it “acceptable” according to some standard ...

2008-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

303

Measurements - Ion Beams - Radiation Effects Facility / Cyclotron...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ion Beams Available Beams Beam Change Times Measurements Useful Graphs Measurements The beam uniformity and flux are determined using an array of five detectors. Each...

304

DEFLECTION MEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS· C. Peters LawrenceMEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS" C. Peters Lawrenceinch thick 7075- T6 aluminum alloy plate. Inside corners

Peters, C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Laboratory Measurement of Sorption in Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory Measurement of Sorption in Porous Media A REPORT SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT of pressure change used to determine equilibrium were made. The sorption isotherms measured for geothermal

Stanford University

306

Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the...

307

Measure and Evaluate Institutional Change for Sustainability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Measure and Evaluate Institutional Change for Sustainability Measure and Evaluate Institutional Change for Sustainability Graphic showing 5 gears. They progress from Determine Goal...

308

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Measurements and Characterization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurements and Characterization Photovoltaics Research The Measurements and Characterization group at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the National Center for...

309

Differential probes aid flow measurement  

SciTech Connect

Nonconstricting differential pressure flow probes which help solve the problems of clogging, wear, and pressure loss at the Seawater Filtration Facility in Saudi Arabia are described. Treated seawater is pumped into oil-bearing formations for secondary recovery. Figures showing principle of operation for probes, installation schematic and long-term accuracy results (flow probes vs. orifice meters) are presented. The new diamond-shaped design flow sensor offers accurate flow measurement with low permanent pressure loss, which translates into cost savings for the operator.

Mesnard, D.R.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Method for measuring surface temperature  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method for measuring a surface temperature using is a fluorescent temperature sensor or optical thermometer. The sensor includes a solution of 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane within a 1-butyl-1-1-methyl pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquid solvent. The 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane remains unassociated when in the ground state while in solution. When subjected to UV light, an excited state is produced that exists in equilibrium with an excimer. The position of the equilibrium between the two excited states is temperature dependent.

Baker, Gary A. (Los Alamos, NM); Baker, Sheila N. (Los Alamos, NM); McCleskey, T. Mark (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

311

Tools for measuring surface cleanliness  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A procedure and tools for quantifying surface cleanliness are described. Cleanliness of a target surface is quantified by wiping a prescribed area of the surface with a flexible, bright white cloth swatch, preferably mounted on a special tool. The cloth picks up a substantial amount of any particulate surface contamination. The amount of contamination is determined by measuring the reflectivity loss of the cloth before and after wiping on the contaminated system and comparing that loss to a previous calibration with similar contamination. In the alternative, a visual comparison of the contaminated cloth to a contamination key provides an indication of the surface cleanliness.

Schroder, Mark Stewart (Hendersonville, NC); Woodmansee, Donald Ernest (Simpsonville, SC); Beadie, Douglas Frank (Greenville, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Geodesic measures of the landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the landscape models of eternal inflation with an arbitrary number of different vacua states, both recyclable and terminal. We calculate the abundances of bubbles following different geodesics. We show that the results obtained from generic time-like geodesics have undesirable dependence on initial conditions. In contrast, the predictions extracted from ``eternal'' geodesics, which never enter terminal vacua, do not suffer from this problem. We derive measure equations for ensembles of geodesics and discuss possible interpretations of initial conditions in eternal inflation.

Vitaly Vanchurin

2007-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

313

Measurement of radionuclides in waste packages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for non-destructively assaying the radionuclide content of solid waste in a sealed container by analysis of the waste's gamma-ray spectrum and neutron emissions. Some radionuclides are measured by characteristic photopeaks in the gamma-ray spectrum; transuranic nuclides are measured by neutron emission rate; other radionuclides are measured by correlation with those already measured.

Brodzinski, R.L.; Perkins, R.W.; Rieck, H.G.; Wogman, N.A.

1984-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

314

Lab 12: Measurements Lab This lab introduces . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lab 12: Measurements Lab Objectives This lab introduces . . . Materials 1) 2 Liter Bottle 2) Bicycle Pump 3) Rocket Fins 4) Water 5) Scale 6) Angle thingie Theory What is a Measurement? A measurement tells us about a quantity of something. For example, a measurement can inform us about how heavy

Wedeward, Kevin

315

Instantaneous Measurement of Nonlocal Variables Lev Vaidman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Instantaneous Measurement of Nonlocal Variables Lev Vaidman 1 School of Physics and Astronomy variables related to two or more separate sites can be measured instantaneously, except for a finite time of the measurement. It is a verification measurement: it yields reliably the eigenvalues of the nonlocal variables

Vaidman, Lev

316

Characterizing a data model for software measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterizing a data model for software measurement L. Chirinos, F. Losavio, and J. Bøegh Journal of Systems and Software 2005 2006. 7. 19 Yoon, Kyung-A #12;YV YW Contents Introduction Software measurement elements Data model for software measurement Considerations for implementing the software measurement data

Bae, Doo-Hwan

317

Measurements I 17.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 17 Measurements I 17.1 Introduction I place a tape measure with one end on the floor next are the essential features of this measurement process? The key point is the establishment of a correlation between a physical property (the height) of a measured system (the table) and a suitable record (in the notebook

Griffiths, Robert B.

318

WEAK MEASUREMENT IN QUANTUM MECHANICS ABRAHAM NEBEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WEAK MEASUREMENT IN QUANTUM MECHANICS ABRAHAM NEBEN PHYS 342 Final Project March 10, 2011 Contents of Postselection 4 4. Impossible Spin Measurements 5 5. Hardy's Paradox 5 6. Controversy over Weak Measurement 8 7 of a Measurement of a Component of the Spin of a Spin-1/2 Particle Can Turn Out to be 100." [1] The topic

Rosner, Jonathan L.

319

ESPC ENABLE Measurement and Verification Plan Template  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document contains a comprehensive measurement and verification plan template for a proposed ESPC ENABLE project.

320

Viscosity measurements in dense microemulsions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the results of a measurement of the shear viscosity as a function of the temperature and of the water volume fraction in a three-component sodium di(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate-decane-water microemulsion. The explored concentration range is 0???0.73 and the packing fraction of the water-in-oil spherical droplets has been changed in order to obtain a very dense glass-forming liquid. Well-defined maxima in the relative viscosity have been observed at different concentrations and the corresponding temperature values decrease with increasing ?. The data are discussed considering the system as a colloidal one in which aggregation phenomena are present. In such a way, on the basis of a two-fluid model, we can consider two different contributions to the viscosity. One is directly connected to the repulsive interaction potential, while the second one is directly connected to the attractive interaction that contributes indirectly, through the formation of aggregates. The results are compatible with those previously obtained by light-scattering measurements that gives clear evidence of the presence of a large structural order at the glass transition.

D. Majolino; F. Mallamace; S. Venuto; N. Micali

1990-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

System for measuring film thickness  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for determining the thicknesses of thin films of materials exhibiting fluorescence in response to exposure to excitation energy from a suitable source of such energy. A section of film is illuminated with a fixed level of excitation energy from a source such as an argon ion laser emitting blue-green light. The amount of fluorescent light produced by the film over a limited area within the section so illuminated is then measured using a detector such as a photomultiplier tube. Since the amount of fluorescent light produced is a function of the thicknesses of thin films, the thickness of a specific film can be determined by comparing the intensity of fluorescent light produced by this film with the intensity of light produced by similar films of known thicknesses in response to the same amount of excitation energy. The preferred embodiment of the invention uses fiber optic probes in measuring the thicknesses of oil films on the operational components of machinery which are ordinarily obscured from view.

Batishko, Charles R. (West Richland, WA); Kirihara, Leslie J. (Richland, WA); Peters, Timothy J. (Richland, WA); Rasmussen, Donald E. (Richland, WA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Geothermal Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.ornl.gov/sci/ees/etsd/btric/ground-source.shtml Cost: Free References: Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool [1] Logo: Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool The Geothermal Properties Measurement tool was developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for geothermal heat pump (GHP) designers and installers to better determine the geothermal properties of a certain location. The Geothermal Properties Measurement Excel tool was developed at Oak Ridge

323

Compressive direct measurement of the quantum wavefunction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The direct measurement of a complex wavefunction has been recently realized by using weak-values. In this paper, we introduce a method that exploits sparsity for compressive measurement of the transverse spatial wavefunction of photons. The procedure involves a weak measurement in random projection operators in the spatial domain followed by a post-selection in the momentum basis. Using this method, we experimentally measure a 192-dimensional state with a fidelity of $90%$ using only $25$ percent of the total required measurements. Furthermore, we demonstrate measurement of a 19200 dimensional state; a task that would require an unfeasibly large acquiring time with the conventional direct measurement technique.

Mohammad Mirhosseini; Omar S. Magaña-Loaiza; Seyed Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani; Robert W. Boyd

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

324

Measure Your Sew - How: Sewing Tools.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in this series . ? Extension clothing specialist. The Texas A&M University System. Measuring Measuring tools are important in fitting to obtain a symmetrical appearance. Most measuring tools available today are marked in inches and yards as well... as centimeters and meters. Select tools with numbers clearly printed in the units needed. Measure often and accurately for sewing success. Essentials Ruler. A 12- to 18-inch (30-46 cm) ruler in plastic or other transparent material is ideal for measuring...

Saunders, Becky

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Ultrasonic thickness measurement of weathering steel  

SciTech Connect

The popular and traditional method of measuring thickness over a single time of flight path using the first echo received as the timing mark can make reliable measurements on weathering steel difficult. Multiple-echo measurement is capable of obtaining good, repeatable, and accurate measurements on not only weathering steels but on all metals used extensively today. Corrosion monitoring of weathering steel can be properly carried out provided the measurements taken are reliable.

Cartwright, D.L. [Cygnus Instruments Ltd., Dorchester (United Kingdom)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Bridge Decomposition of Restriction Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by Kesten's bridge decomposition for two-dimensional self-avoiding walks in the upper half plane, we show that the conjectured scaling limit of the half-plane SAW, the SLE(8/3) process, also has an appropriately defined bridge decomposition. This continuum decomposition turns out to entirely be a consequence of the restriction property of SLE(8/3), and as a result can be generalized to the wider class of restriction measures. Specifically we show that the restriction hulls with index less than one can be decomposed into a Poisson Point Process of irreducible bridges in a way that is similar to Ito's excursion decomposition of a Brownian motion according to its zeros.

Tom Alberts; Hugo Duminil-Copin

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Ultrasonic material hardness depth measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is an ultrasonic surface hardness depth measurement apparatus and method permitting rapid determination of hardness depth of shafts, rods, tubes and other cylindrical parts. The apparatus of the invention has a part handler, sensor, ultrasonic electronics component, computer, computer instruction sets, and may include a display screen. The part handler has a vessel filled with a couplant, and a part rotator for rotating a cylindrical metal part with respect to the sensor. The part handler further has a surface follower upon which the sensor is mounted, thereby maintaining a constant distance between the sensor and the exterior surface of the cylindrical metal part. The sensor is mounted so that a front surface of the sensor is within the vessel with couplant between the front surface of the sensor and the part.

Good, Morris S. (Richland, WA); Schuster, George J. (Kennewick, WA); Skorpik, James R. (Kennewick, WA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Programmable quantum channels and measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review some partial results for two strictly related problems. The first problem consists in finding the optimal joint unitary transformation on system and ancilla which is the most efficient in programming any desired channel on the system by changing the state of the ancilla. In this respect we present a solution for dimension two for both system and ancilla. The second problem consists in finding the optimal universal programmable detector, namely a device that can be tuned to perform any desired measurement on a given quantum system, by changing the state of an ancilla. With a finite dimension for the ancilla only approximate universal programmability is possible, with minimal dimension increasing function versus the precision of the approximation. We show that one can achieve a dimension growing polynomially versus the precision, and even linearly in specific cases.

Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Paolo Perinotti

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

329

State Transfer and Spin Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a Hamiltonian that can be used for amplifying the signal from a quantum state, enabling the measurement of a macroscopic observable to determine the state of a single spin. We prove a general mapping between this Hamiltonian and an exchange Hamiltonian for arbitrary coupling strengths and local magnetic fields. This facilitates the use of existing schemes for perfect state transfer to give perfect amplification. We further prove a link between the evolution of this fixed Hamiltonian and classical Cellular Automata, thereby unifying previous approaches to this amplification task. Finally, we show how to use the new Hamiltonian for perfect state transfer in the, to date, unique scenario where total spin is not conserved during the evolution, and demonstrate that this yields a significantly different response in the presence of decoherence.

A. Kay

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

330

Aerial Measuring System | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Measuring System | National Nuclear Security Administration Measuring System | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Aerial Measuring System Home > About Us > Our Programs > Emergency Response > Responding to Emergencies > Consequence Management > Aerial Measuring System Aerial Measuring System AMS Logo NNSA's Aerial Measuring System (AMS) provides specialized airborne

331

A Handy Internet Politics Measurement Note Internet Politcs Measurement Measurement and analysis on the Internet politics through  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Handy Internet Politics Measurement Note Internet Politcs Measurement ­ Measurement and analysis on the Internet politics through case studies on (i) well-known but failed technical ideas in history, (ii........................................................................................................4 Abuse of Censorship-free Speech, "Human Search Engine" (China) ...............................4

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

332

Semitransparency in interaction-free measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the effect of semitransparency in a quantum-Zeno-like interaction-free measurement setup, a quantum-physics based approach that might significantly reduce sample damage in imaging and microscopy. With an emphasis on applications in electron microscopy, we simulate the behavior of probe particles in an interaction-free measurement setup with semitransparent samples, and we show that the transparency of a sample can be measured in such a setup. However, such a measurement is not possible without losing (i.e., absorbing or scattering) probe particles in general, which causes sample damage. We show how the amount of lost particles can be minimized by adjusting the number of round trips through the setup, and we explicitly calculate the amount of lost particles in measurements which either aim at distinguishing two transparencies or at measuring an unknown transparency precisely. We also discuss the effect of the sample causing phase shifts in interaction-free measurements. Comparing the resulting loss of probe particles with a classical measurement of transparency, we find that interaction-free measurements only provide a benefit in two cases: first, if two semitransparent samples with a high contrast are to be distinguished, interaction-free measurements lose less particles than classical measurements by a factor that increases with the contrast. This implies that interaction-free measurements with zero loss are possible if one of the samples is perfectly transparent. A second case where interaction-free measurements outperform classical measurements is if three conditions are met: the particle source exhibits Poissonian number statistics, the number of lost particles cannot be measured, and the transparency is larger than approximately 1/2. In all other cases, interaction-free measurements lose as many probe particles as classical measurements or more.

Sebastian Thomas; Christoph Kohstall; Pieter Kruit; Peter Hommelhoff

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

333

The Surface Measure and Cone Measure on the sphere of `np Assaf Naor *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Surface Measure and Cone Measure on the sphere of `np of Schechtman and Zinn, is used to s* *tudy the distance between the cone measure and surface measure Introduction For every star shaped body K Rn, one can define two natural measures on the b* *oundary of K

Naor, Assaf

334

Math 111a, Fall 2013, Homework # 4 Measurable Functions and Measure Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Math 111a, Fall 2013, Homework # 4 Measurable Functions and Measure Spaces Unless otherwise specified, in all the problems below (X, A, µ) is a measure space, and subsets belonging to A are referred to as measurable. 1. (Lang, Problem 3 on p. 172) Let {fn} be a sequence of real-valued measurable functions on X

Kleinbock, Dmitry

335

Construction of Measures Measure spaces provide a framework for classifying functions and for construc-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 3 Construction of Measures Measure spaces provide a framework for classifying functions of mathematics. We turn now to construction of measure spaces. A general method the in- ception of which began with the introduction of Lebesgue measure on � and Lebesgue measurable sets in � by H. Lebesgue will be first treated

336

Lifetime measurements in Sc45  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lifetimes of levels in Sc45 have been determined by the Doppler-shift-attenuation method with the Ca44(p,?)Sc45 reaction for 11 levels between 1.4 and 3.8 MeV. The energies (keV) of the levels and mean lives (psec) studied in this work are: 1408 (< 0.12); 1800 (0.095); 2092 (0.012); 2151 (0.087); 2303 (0.080); 2352 (0.060); 2531 (0.12); 2590 (0.050); 2778 (0.019); 2895 (0.010); 3714 (0.019). On the basis of E2 transition strengths the spin assignment of 52 has been determined for the 2092-keV state and further restrictions have been made to the range of possible spins for a number of states.[NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ca44(p,?), E=0.86 MeV; Sc45 levels, Ex=1.4-3.8 MeV, measured T12, deduced J.

R. L. Schulte; J. D. King; H. W. Taylor

1974-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Measured speed versus true speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical predictions, derived from the Lorentz and the Tangherlini transformations, for the one-way speed of any physical entity are confronted with the corresponding expressions for the one-way measured speed obtained from a gedanken experiment. The experiment demonstrates that, for an inertial frame $K'$ in motion relative to an inertial frame $K$ where the one-way speed of light is isotropic, even the special theory of relativity renders the one-way speed of light as function of the velocity of $K'$ in agreement with the Tangherlini transformations. However, the two-way speed of light remains constant for all inertial frames, in agreement with the two-way experimental techniques. This implies that there must exist \\emph{one and only one} inertial frame where the one-way speed of light is isotropic. These investigations also show how we can determine, with certain restrictions, the true speed of a physical entity and of the true speed of $K'$ relative to $K$.

Israel Perez

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Impedance tube measurements of printed porous materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An impedance tube has been used to make measurements of the acoustic impedance of porous samples. Porous with designed porosities and tortuosities have been produced using 3D printing. Measured impedances are compared to calculated values.

Carl Frederickson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Systems of Insulation Resistance Continuous Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter several methods of continuous measurement of insulation resistance in AC IT systems are described. ... source is explained. Another method of continuous insulation resistance measurement is imposi...

Piotr Olszowiec

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Systems of Insulation Resistance Continuous Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter several methods of continuous measurement of insulation resistance in AC IT systems are described. ... source is explained. Another method of continuous insulation resistance measurement is imposi...

Piotr Olszowiec

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Observations, measurements and semantic reference spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

What is needed to enable communication about observation and measurement results in information systems? Information system ontologies make a certain conceptualization explicit and partially account for the meanings of symbols associated with this conceptualization. ... Keywords: Foundational ontology, measurement theory, semantics

Florian Probst

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Interferometric vibration measurement using optical fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The measurement of vibration generally requires the determination of the displacement ... function of time. The aim of the measurement is to determine the amplitude and frequency content of the vibration, or trac...

K. Weir; B. T. Meggitt

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Measuring icon complexity: An automated analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measures of icon designs rely heavily on surveys of the ... to which changes in the structure of an icon will alter its perceived complexity can be ... reduce development costs and time. Measures of icon complexi...

Alex Forsythe; Noel Sheehy; Martin Sawey

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

EM Corporate Performance Measures- Complex Wide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The corporate (i.e., relating to the entire DOE-EM complex) measures are tracked in the context of the total measure (life-cycle) necessary to complete cleanup of each site, as well as the EM...

345

Precision Measurements with High Energy Neutrino Beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutrino scattering measurements offer a unique tool to probe the electroweak and strong interactions as described by the Standard Model (SM). Electroweak measurements are accessible through the comparison of neutrino neutral- and charged-current scattering. These measurements are complimentary to other electroweak measurements due to differences in the radiative corrections both within and outside the SM. Neutrino scattering measurements also provide a precise method for measuring the F_2(x,Q^2) and xF_3(x,Q^2 structure functions. The predicted Q^2 evolution can be used to test perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics as well as to measure the strong coupling constant, alpha _s, and the valence, sea, and gluon parton distributions. In addition, neutrino charm production, which can be determined from the observed dimuon events, allows the strange-quark sea to be investigated along with measurements of the CKM matrix element |V_{cd}| and the charm quark mass.

Janet M. Conrad; Michael H. Shaevitz; Tim Bolton

1997-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

346

Energy Measurement Techniques for Smart Metering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter discusses topology, architecture and circuit design of energy measurement unit for Smart Metering. The chapter establishes step-by-step design methodology of energy measurement unit of a smart meter ...

Sumit Adhikari

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Measuring the Surface Roughness of Stream Stones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measuring the fine-scale heterogeneity of stones and other substrates is a challenge for benthic ecologists. I describe a method for measuring the roughness of stones that is based on the ratio of two surface ...

Elizabeth A. Bergey

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

DNA Concentration By UV Spectrophotometry Measure Absorption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DNA Concentration By UV Spectrophotometry Measure Absorption: 1. Dilute DNA to 0.5 to 50 µg 2. Measure absorption at 260 nm (A260). Start by zeroing instrument with TE buffer or dH2O alone

Aris, John P.

349

Single molecule measurements and molecular motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Hideyuki Okano and Atsushi Iriki Single molecule measurements and molecular motors...Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan Single molecule imaging and manipulation are...machines like molecular motors. The single molecule measurements allow a dynamic...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Transcutaneous measurement of glucose using Raman spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transcutaneous glucose measurement would provide the ability to obtain frequent measurements without the pain and risk of infection associated with obtaining a blood sample and eliminates the need for reagents. Because of ...

Oh, Jeankun, 1968-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Measurement and Characterization of Unregulated Emissions from...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Measurement and Characterization of Unregulated Emissions from Advanced Technologies Effects of Advanced Combustion Technologies on...

352

Method of ultrasonic measurement of texture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for measuring texture of metal plates or sheets using non-destructive ultrasonic investigation includes measuring the velocity of ultrasonic energy waves in lower order plate modes in one or more directions, and measuring phase velocity dispersion of higher order modes of the plate or sheet if needed. Texture or preferred grain orientation can be derived from these measurements with improves reliability and accuracy. The method can be utilized in production on moving metal plate or sheet. 9 figures.

Thompson, R.B.; Smith, J.F.; Lee, S.S.; Taejon Ch'ungmam; Yan Li.

1993-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

353

Method of ultrasonic measurement of texture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for measuring texture of metal plates or sheets using non-destructive ultrasonic investigation includes measuring the velocity of ultrasonic energy waves in lower order plate modes in one or more directions, and measuring phase velocity dispersion of higher order modes of the plate or sheet if needed. Texture or preferred grain orientation can be derived from these measurements with improves reliability and accuracy. The method can be utilized in production on moving metal plate or sheet.

Thompson, R. Bruce (Ames, IA); Smith, John F. (Ames, IA); Lee, Seung S. (Taejon Ch'ungmam, KR); Li, Yan (Ames, IA)

1993-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

354

ESPC ENABLE: Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs) Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation slide outlining details on the energy conservation measures (ECMs) offered throughout the Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC) ENABLE program.

355

International Approaches to Measurement and Verification of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-6419E International Approaches to Measurement and Verification of Continual ImprovementKane, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, and Julia Vetromile, DNV KEMA ABSTRACT Effective measurement and verification.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. #12;International Approaches to Measurement

356

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 #12;M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 Prepared For: U 2007. M&V Guidelines 3.0 FEMPii #12;Contents Section Page Section 1 Measurement and Verification (M

357

Measure, Randomness and Sublocales Alex Simpson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measure, Randomness and Sublocales Alex Simpson Laboratory for Foundations of Computer Science, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, UK Abstract This paper investigates aspects of measure and randomness in the context of locale theory (point-free topology). We prove that every measure (-continuous

Simpson, Alex

358

Measuring Internet Performance: Challenges and Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring Internet Performance: Challenges and Opportunities Rocky K. C. Chang Internet;Internet Infrastructure and Security Laboratory 2 #12;Measuring end-to-end performance · Source: Akamai's network performance comparison 3 #12;End-to-end network monitoring ... 4 #12;Why measuring network path

Chang, Rocky Kow-Chuen

359

Inhibition of the Measurement of the Wavefunction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inhibition of the Measurement of the Wavefunction of a Single Quantum System and the Projection of measurements performed on an en- semble of identical systems. Therefore, the wavefunction is said to have that the wavefunction of a single system could be determined from the results of a se- ries of "protective measurements

Utah, University of

360

Measure and integration, an introduction1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measure and integration, an introduction1 Henk de Snoo (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen) Henrik Winkler (TU Ilmenau) 1 under construction; version 16/10/13 #12;#12;Contents Chapter 1. Algebras and measures 1 1. Finitely additive algebras and -algebras 1 2. Continuity properties of measures 4 3. Generators

Knobloch,Jürgen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Coherent versus incoherent sequential quantum measurements  

SciTech Connect

We compare a trade-off between knowledge and decoherence for the incoherent and coherent partial sequential compatible measurements on single-qubit systems. The individual partial measurement nondestructively monitors basis states of the system by single-qubit meter. For the same decoherence caused by this unbiased measurement, the individual coherent measurement gives more knowledge than the incoherent one. For identical sequential coherent measurements, knowledge accumulated not additively increases more slowly than for the incoherent measurements. The overall knowledge can be accumulated using an adaptive measurement strategy on the meters if the single-qubit coherence of meters is kept. On the other hand, preservation of the mutual qubit coherence between the meters necessary for the collective measurement strategy is not required. A loss of single-qubit coherence degrades the coherent measurements back to the incoherent ones. Since the decoherence caused by the measurement process is a quadratic function of knowledge extracted by the individual measurement, Zeno-like behavior can be observed for repetitive weak compatible measurements. This unconditional universal effect does not depend on any dynamics of the qubit and it is a direct consequence of optimally controlled sequential evolution of quantum information.

Filip, Radim [Department of Optics, Palacky University, 17. listopadu 1192/12, CZ-771 46 Olomouc (Czech Republic)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Information gain in quantum continual measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspired by works on information transmission through quantum channels, we propose the use of a couple of mutual entropies to quantify the efficiency of continual measurement schemes in extracting information on the measured quantum system. Properties of these measures of information are studied and bounds on them are derived.

Albert Barchielli; Giancarlo Lupieri

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

General Chemistry Introduction: Definitions and Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements SI Fundamental Units of Measurement Physical Quantity (Dimension) Unit Name Abbreviation MassGeneral Chemistry Introduction: Definitions and Measurements CHM1050_3 *Aspartame ­ NutraSweetTM. 5 transformations and energy associated with those transformations. CHM1050_3 Chemistry: A Definition #12;CHM1050

Zakarian, Armen

364

Understanding the Mind by Measuring the Brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tried to measure the speed of thought by tracking the discrepancy between the actual and perceived position of a swinging pendulum. By 1879, he had invented the reaction time experiment to measure the speed of perception by presenting participants with a tone or light of a particular color and measuring their latency

Barrett, Lisa Feldman

365

Duct leakage measurement and analysis  

SciTech Connect

Leakage measurements were made on 6-in. (150-mm) and 10-in. (250-mm) round and 14-in. by 6-in. (350-mm by 150-mm) and 22-in. by 8-in. (560-mm by 200-mm) rectangular ducts for both positive and negative internal pressures. The data were found to fit a power law model, with the leakage rate (Q) increasing with a power, n, of static pressure difference ({Delta}p), i.e., Q {proportional_to} ({Delta}p){sup n}. A convenient leakage prediction equation, Q = C ({Delta}p*){sup n}, uses a normalized pressure difference, {Delta}p* = {Delta}p/{Delta}p{sub ref}, with {Delta}p in in. wg (Pa) and a reference pressure difference, {Delta}p{sub ref}, of 1 in. wg (250 Pa). C{sub D}, the recommended design values of C for a repetitive element of a duct system--one duct section and one joint, ranged from 0.01 cfm (0.005 L/s) for a Vanstone flanged joint to 18.5 cfm (8.7 L/s) for an unsealed 22-in. by 8-in (560-mm by 200-mm) duct with a slip-and-drive joint. Most test ducts had C{sub D} values of 6 to 8 cfm (3 to 4 L/s) and had values of n close to 0.58. Joints were found to account for most of the leakage, and thus most of the value of C{sub D}, in unsealed ducts, with seams contributing only 10% to 38% of the total.

Swim, W.B.; Griggs, E.I. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Special Feature: Quantum Measurement Standards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This special feature is intended to present a comprehensive review of the present state and novel trends in the field of quantum measurement standards. Most of the present metrological research is concentrated on establishing and strengthening the links between the units and fundamental constants. This will be demonstrated in the nine articles in this feature. The first four articles are devoted to time, frequency and length metrology. They describe quantum standards that are used or intended to be used for the realization of the SI base units of time and length, the second and the metre. The two units are related to each other by an adopted fixed value of the speed of light in vacuum and the second is at present defined by the energy difference (frequency) of a hyperfine transition in the ground state of caesium. The special feature starts with the discussion of caesium atomic clocks as direct realizations of the second and as a basis for other standards (e.g. the Josephson voltage quantum standard). Whereas Cs atomic clocks still provide us with the most accurate realization of the second, optical frequency standards based on cold trapped ions or cold atoms may eventually lead us to even lower uncertainty levels and may replace the present definition of the second by an optical transition. This situation is described in the contribution on optical frequency standards based on trapped single ions. Since optical frequency standards are also needed as wavelength standards in length metrology, the third contribution reviews the definition of the metre. It describes the different methods of realization, in particular by optical frequency standards including standards based on cold atoms. The use of optical frequency standards in time and length metrology requires the precise knowledge of their frequencies. Methods of optical frequency measurements based on various methods—including frequency comb generators—are discussed in the fourth article. Turning to the electric units, the discovery of two macroscopic quantum effects, the Josephson effect—discovered in the early sixties—and the quantum Hall effect—discovered in 1980—allowed the linking of electric units to fundamental constants. By use of the Josephson effect quantized voltage values are realized as multiples of the product of a certain frequency and of the superconducting flux quantum (h/2e). Quantized resistance values are realized with the quantum Hall effect as submultiples of h/e2, where this fundamental constant can also be interpreted as the quotient of the flux quantum of a normal conductor and the elementary charge. The metrological application became much easier by making use of the possibility of designing and manufacturing appropriate samples with microelectronic techniques. Since 1990 all calibrations of voltages or resistances worldwide have been based on these two quantum effects. Relative uncertainties of the order of 10-9 are obtained. International comparisons have proved that the calibration results in different laboratories also agree within relative uncertainties of a few parts in 109. Great attempts have also been made to realize a current quantum standard by counting single electrons. The Josephson effect and its application are described by Kohlmann and co-workers. The quantum Hall effect is only briefly described in this issue of Measurement Science and Technology since a comprehensive review article by Jeckelmann and Jeanneret appeared recently [1]. The unit of mass, the kilogram, is the only base unit in the SI that is derived from an artefact. Therefore one major task of today's metrological research is the linking of the unit of mass to a fundamental constant. There are two rival attempts: the comparison of mechanical and electrical power using the watt-balance and the counting of a large number of identical particles, like atoms or ions. The watt balance was pioneered by B Kibble. This experiment consists of two parts. A balance in equilibrium is opposed to a gravitational force and to a force on a coil fed by a current and opp

Erich Braun; Jürgen Helmcke

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Measures on algebraic-topological structures Piotr ZAKRZEWSKI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measures on algebraic-topological structures Invariant measures on arbitrary G-spaces 2 2 Nonmeasurable sets for invariant measures 12 3 Extensions of invariant measures 17

Zakrzewski, Piotr

368

Joint measurability, steering and entropic uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The notion of incompatibility of measurements in quantum theory is in stark contrast with the corresponding classical perspective, where all physical observables are jointly measurable. It is of interest to examine if the results of two or more measurements in the quantum scenario can be perceived from a classical point of view or they still exhibit non-classical features. Clearly, commuting observables can be measured jointly using projective measurements and their statistical outcomes can be discerned classically. However, such simple minded association of compatibility of measurements with commutativity turns out to be limited in an extended framework, where the usual notion of sharp projective valued measurements of self adjoint observables gets broadened to include unsharp measurements of generalized observables constituting positive operator valued measures (POVM). There is a surge of research activity recently towards gaining new physical insights on the emergence of classical behavior via joint measurability of unsharp observables. Here, we explore the entropic uncertainty relation for a pair of discrete observables (of Alice's system) when an entangled quantum memory of Bob is restricted to record outcomes of jointly measurable POVMs only. Within the joint measurability regime, the sum of entropies associated with Alice's measurement outcomes - conditioned by the results registered at Bob's end - are constrained to obey an entropic steering inequality. In this case, Bob's non-steerability reflects itself as his inability in predicting the outcomes of Alice's pair of non-commuting observables with better precision, even when they share an entangled state. As a further consequence, the quantum advantage envisaged for the construction of security proofs in key distribution is lost, when Bob's measurements are restricted to the joint measurability regime.

H. S. Karthik; A. R. Usha Devi; A. K. Rajagopal

2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

369

Deformation and Vibration Measurement and Data Evaluation on Large Structures Employing Optical Measurement Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deformation and vibration measurements and frequency analysis are part of complex ... development and testing time optimization for deformation and vibration measurement procedures. This paper focuses on one rece...

Hagen Berger; Markus Klein; Theodor Möller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Sensors & Measurement | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensors and Measurements Sensors and Measurements SHARE Sensors and Measurement Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) capability in the research and development of sensor materials, sensors technologies, new instrumentation, and measurement systems is critical to its ability to translate breakthrough science into robust technologies, systems, and methods that address high-risk, high-complexity, multidisciplinary issues of national importance. This capability is manifested in a culture that effectively creates and manages complex systems by (1) developing detailed analytical processes to establish requirements, (2) analyzing candidate system architectures, (3) engineering in critical performance attributes, and (4) delivering measurement systems that operate as expected from the outset and

371

Measuring neutrino oscillation parameters using $\  

SciTech Connect

MINOS is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. It consists of two large steel-scintillator tracking calorimeters. The near detector is situated at Fermilab, close to the production point of the NuMI muon-neutrino beam. The far detector is 735 km away, 716m underground in the Soudan mine, Northern Minnesota. The primary purpose of the MINOS experiment is to make precise measurements of the 'atmospheric' neutrino oscillation parameters ({Delta}m{sub atm}{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub atm}). The oscillation signal consists of an energy-dependent deficit of {nu}{sub {mu}} interactions in the far detector. The near detector is used to characterize the properties of the beam before oscillations develop. The two-detector design allows many potential sources of systematic error in the far detector to be mitigated by the near detector observations. This thesis describes the details of the {nu}{sub {mu}}-disappearance analysis, and presents a new technique to estimate the hadronic energy of neutrino interactions. This estimator achieves a significant improvement in the energy resolution of the neutrino spectrum, and in the sensitivity of the neutrino oscillation fit. The systematic uncertainty on the hadronic energy scale was re-evaluated and found to be comparable to that of the energy estimator previously in use. The best-fit oscillation parameters of the {nu}{sub {mu}}-disappearance analysis, incorporating this new estimator were: {Delta}m{sup 2} = 2.32{sub -0.08}{sup +0.12} x 10{sup -3} eV{sup 2}, sin {sup 2} 2{theta} > 0.90 (90% C.L.). A similar analysis, using data from a period of running where the NuMI beam was operated in a configuration producing a predominantly {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} beam, yielded somewhat different best-fit parameters {Delta}{bar m}{sup 2} = (3.36{sub -0.40}{sup +0.46}(stat.) {+-} 0.06(syst.)) x 10{sup -3}eV{sup 2}, sin{sup 2} 2{bar {theta}} = 0.86{sub -0.12}{sup _0.11}(stat.) {+-} 0.01(syst.). The tension between these results is intriguing, and additional antineutrino data is currently being taken in order to further investigate this apparent discrepancy.

Backhouse, Christopher James; /Oxford U.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Theoretical uncertainty of orifice flow measurement  

SciTech Connect

Orifice meters are the most common meters used for fluid flow measurement, especially for measuring hydrocarbons. Meters are rugged, mechanically simple, and well suited for field use under extreme weather conditions. Because of their long history of use and dominance in the fluid flow measurement, their designs, installation requirements, and equations for flow rate calculation have been standardized by different organizations in the United States and internationally. These standards provide the guideline for the users to achieve accurate flow measurement. and minimize measurement uncertainty. This paper discusses different factors that contribute to the measurement inaccuracy and provide an awareness to minimize or eliminate these errors. Many factors which influence the overall measurement uncertainty are associated with the orifice meter application. Major contributors to measurement uncertainty include the predictability of flow profile, fluid properties at flowing condition, precision of empirical equation for discharge coefficient, manufacturing tolerances in meter components, and the uncertainty associated with secondary devices monitoring the static line pressure, differential pressure across the orifice plate, flowing temperature, etc. Major factors contributing to the measurement uncertainty for a thin, concentric, square-edged orifice flowmeter are as follows: (a) Tolerances in prediction of coefficient of discharge, (b) Predictability in defining the physical properties of the flowing fluid, (c) Fluid flow condition, (d) Construction tolerances in meter components, (e) Uncertainty of secondary devices/instrumentation, and (f) Data reduction and computation. Different factors under each of the above areas are discussed with precautionary measures and installation procedures to minimize or eliminate measurement uncertainty.

Husain, Z.D. [Daniel Flow Products, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Information and noise in quantum measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Even though measurement results obtained in the real world are generally both noisy and continuous, quantum measurement theory tends to emphasize the ideal limit of perfect precision and quantized measurement results. In this article, a more general concept of noisy measurements is applied to investigate the role of quantum noise in the measurement process. In particular, it is shown that the effects of quantum noise can be separated from the effects of information obtained in the measurement. However, quantum noise is required to “cover up” negative probabilities arising as the quantum limit is approached. These negative probabilities represent fundamental quantum-mechanical correlations between the measured variable and the variables affected by quantum noise.

Holger F. Hofmann

2000-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

374

Image Analysis for AutomaticImage Analysis for Automatic PhenotypingPhenotyping MeasurementsMeasurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Image Analysis for AutomaticImage Analysis for Automatic PhenotypingPhenotyping MeasurementsMeasurements (BioSS) WageningenWageningen, 8 March 2012, 8 March 2012 #12;Measurements · How many are there? · How "large" are they? · How "similar" are they? #12;Measurements · How many are there? · How "large" are they

Glasbey, Chris

375

Report of the working group on precision measurements - measurements of the W boson mass and width.  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the prospects for measuring the W mass and width in Run II. The basic techniques used to measure M{sub W} are described and the statistical, theoretical and detector-related uncertainties are discussed in detail. Alternative methods of measuring the W mass at the Tevatron and the prospects for M{sub W} measurements at other colliders are also described.

Brock, R.; Erler, J.; Kim, Y.-K.; Marciano, W.; Ashmanskas, W.; Baur, U.; Ellison, J.; Lancaster, M.; Nodulman, L.; Rha, J.; Waters, D.; Womersley, J.

2000-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

376

Data Quality of Quality Measurement Experiments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Quality of Quality Measurement Experiments Data Quality of Quality Measurement Experiments S. Bottone and S. Moore Mission Research Corporation Santa Barbara, California Introduction Quality Measurement Experiments (QME) are a special class of Value-Added Products (VAP). QMEs add value to Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program datastreams by providing for continuous assessment of the quality of incoming data based on internal consistency checks, comparisons between independent similar measurements, or comparisons between measurements and modeled results. Like any datastream, QME datastreams need to be checked for data quality. For each QME, we analyze a representative sample of files from the ARM data archive to determine 'typical' values of the QME variables. We then design outlier tests, specific to each variable, to be applied to

377

Measuring Airflows at Registers in Residential Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Airflows at Registers in Residential Buildings Measuring Airflows at Registers in Residential Buildings Speaker(s): Cyril Guillot Date: August 29, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Measuring airflows at registers is a central issue in all HVAC (Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning) studies. It is a basic measurement that is required in many Cooling/Heating systems tests and in air conditioner performance diagnostics. These measurements can, for instance, be used to determine if individual rooms receive adequate airflow in terms of comfort, to estimate total air handler flow and supply/return imbalances, and to assess duct air leakage. First, I calibrated the Minneapolis Duct Blasters, useful in the most accurate flow hood we have, then I worked on an existing project: measuring airflows with laundry baskets. Finally, I

378

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Argonne scientists study climate change 1 of 22 Argonne scientists study climate change The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science provided $60 million in ARRA funding for climate research to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility, a DOE national user facility that has been operating climate observing sites around the world for nearly two decades. These sites help scientists study clouds and their influence on the sun's radiant energy, which heats our planet. Above is one of the purchases: the Vaisala Present Weather Detector. It optically measures visibility, present weather, precipitation intensity, and precipitation type. It provides a measure of current weather conditions by combining measurements from three

379

A disturbance tradeoff principle for quantum measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a fundamental principle of disturbance tradeoff for quantum measurements, along the lines of the celebrated uncertainty principle: The disturbances associated with measurements performed on distinct yet identically prepared ensembles of systems in a pure state cannot all be made arbitrarily small. Indeed, we show that the average of the disturbances associated with a set of projective measurements is strictly greater than zero whenever the associated observables do not have a common eigenvector. For such measurements, we show an equivalence between disturbance tradeoff measured in terms of fidelity and the entropic uncertainty tradeoff formulated in terms of the Tsallis entropy ($T_{2}$). We also investigate the disturbances associated with the class of non-projective measurements, where the difference between the disturbance tradeoff and the uncertainty tradeoff manifests quite clearly.

Prabha Mandayam; M. D. Srinivas

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

380

Radiation beam calorimetric power measurement system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radiation beam calorimetric power measurement system for measuring the average power of a beam such as a laser beam, including a calorimeter configured to operate over a wide range of coolant flow rates and being cooled by continuously flowing coolant for absorbing light from a laser beam to convert the laser beam energy into heat. The system further includes a flow meter for measuring the coolant flow in the calorimeter and a pair of thermistors for measuring the temperature difference between the coolant inputs and outputs to the calorimeter. The system also includes a microprocessor for processing the measured coolant flow rate and the measured temperature difference to determine the average power of the laser beam.

Baker, John (Livermore, CA); Collins, Leland F. (Pleasanton, CA); Kuklo, Thomas C. (Ripon, CA); Micali, James V. (Dublin, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Measuring momentum for charged particle tomography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, apparatus and systems for detecting charged particles and obtaining tomography of a volume by measuring charged particles including measuring the momentum of a charged particle passing through a charged particle detector. Sets of position sensitive detectors measure scattering of the charged particle. The position sensitive detectors having sufficient mass to cause the charged particle passing through the position sensitive detectors to scatter in the position sensitive detectors. A controller can be adapted and arranged to receive scattering measurements of the charged particle from the charged particle detector, determine at least one trajectory of the charged particle from the measured scattering; and determine at least one momentum measurement of the charged particle from the at least one trajectory. The charged particle can be a cosmic ray-produced charged particle, such as a cosmic ray-produced muon. The position sensitive detectors can be drift cells, such as gas-filled drift tubes.

Morris, Christopher (Los Alamos, NM); Fraser, Andrew Mcleod (Los Alamos, NM); Schultz, Larry Joe (Los Alamos, NM); Borozdin, Konstantin N. (Los Alamos, NM); Klimenko, Alexei Vasilievich (Maynard, MA); Sossong, Michael James (Los Alamos, NM); Blanpied, Gary (Lexington, SC)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

382

In situ measurements of neutron multiplying systems  

SciTech Connect

Historical and recent examples of the application of in situ measurements to provide knowledge for specific operations and general criticality safety guidance are reviewed. The importance of the American National Standard, Safety in Conducting Subcritical Neutron-Multiplication Measurements In Situ, ANSI/ANS-8.6, 1988 is discussed. Examples of possible future applications of in-situ measurements are provided. 4 refs., 4 figs.

McLaughlin, T.P.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Machine Learning for Precise Quantum Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptive feedback schemes are promising for quantum-enhanced measurements yet are complicated to design. Machine learning can autonomously generate algorithms in a classical setting. Here we adapt machine learning for quantum information and use our framework to generate autonomous adaptive feedback schemes for quantum measurement. In particular our approach replaces guesswork in quantum measurement by a logical, fully-automatic, programmable routine. We show that our method yields schemes that outperform the best known adaptive scheme for interferometric phase estimation.

Alexander Hentschel; Barry C. Sanders

2009-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

384

Entropic uncertainties for joint quantum measurements  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the uncertainty associated with a joint quantum measurement of two spin components of a spin-(1/2) particle and quantify this in terms of entropy. We consider two entropic quantities, the joint entropy and the sum of the marginal entropies, and obtain lower bounds for each of these quantities. For the case of joint measurements where we measure each spin observable equally well, these lower bounds are tight.

Brougham, Thomas [Department of Physics, FJFI, CVUT, Brehova 7, 115 19 Praha 1 (Czech Republic); SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 ONG (United Kingdom); Andersson, Erika [SUPA, Department of Physics, School of EPS, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4As (United Kingdom); Barnett, Stephen M. [SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 ONG (United Kingdom)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Measurement of optical efficiency of fluorescent luminaires  

SciTech Connect

By controlling the lamp wall temperature of fluorescent lamps with a Peltier device, the optical efficiency of luminaires can be measured directly. Measurements of the fixture efficiency for a luminaire can vary by over 8% depending upon the lamp-ballast system used in the measurement. The authors suggest that optical efficiency may be an improved metric for evaluating fixture designs. 6 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.; Rubinstein, F.; Siminovitch, M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Reports of Jupiter II: Measurements and analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the reaction rate measurements and analyses and the basic data for reaction rate measurements for ZPPR-13C in: The high [sup 240]Pu zone of ZPPR-13C; The high-heavy-metal-volume- fraction zone;The pin zone; The [sup 235]U fuel zone; and the enriched uranium zone. In-cell reaction rate measurements and cell factors for the zone studies in ZPPR Assembly 13C are provided.

NONE

1986-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Getting More Performance from Performance Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...accountability and a workforce skilled in quality-improvement science. In the table, we offer some recommendations for avoiding the repetition of past failures and increasing the likelihood of success for performance initiatives. The science and practice of performance measurement have advanced substantially... Under today's performance-measurement paradigm, too many resources are invested in assessing too many activities that may not have major effects on patients' health. What can past successes and failures teach us about performance measures that effectively improve care?

Cassel C.K.; Conway P.H.; Delbanco S.F.

2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

388

Weak measurement and control of entanglement generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we show how weak joint measurement and local feedback can be used to control entanglement generation between two qubits. To do this, we make use of a decoherence free subspace (DFS). Weak measurement and feedback can be used to drive the system into this subspace rapidly. Once within the subspace, feedback can generate entanglement rapidly, or turn off entanglement generation dynamically. We also consider, in the context of weak measurement, some of differences between purification and generating entanglement.

Charles D. Hill; J. F. Ralph

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

389

Quantum correlation cost of the weak measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum correlation cost (QCC) characterizing how much quantum correlation is used in a weak-measurement process is presented based on the trace norm. It is shown that the QCC is related to the trace-norm-based quantum discord (TQD) by only a factor that is determined by the strength of the weak measurement, so it only catches partial quantumness of a quantum system compared with the TQD. We also find that the residual quantumness can be `extracted' not only by the further von Neumann measurement, but also by a sequence of infinitesimal weak measurements. As an example, we demonstrate our outcomes by the Bell-diagonal state.

Jun Zhang; Shao-xiong Wu; Chang-shui Yu

2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

390

Needs and challenges in precision wear measurement  

SciTech Connect

Accurate, precise wear measurements are a key element in solving both current wear problems and in basic wear research. Applications range from assessing durability of micro-scale components to accurate screening of surface treatments and thin solid films. Need to distinguish small differences in wear tate presents formidable problems to those who are developing new materials and surface treatments. Methods for measuring wear in ASTM standard test methods are discussed. Errors in using alterate methods of wear measurement on the same test specimen are also described. Human judgemental factors are a concern in common methods for wear measurement, and an experiment involving measurement of a wear scar by ten different people is described. Precision in wear measurement is limited both by the capabilities of the measuring instruments and by the nonuniformity of the wear process. A method of measuring wear using nano-scale indentations is discussed. Current and future prospects for incorporating advanced, higher-precision wear measurement methods into standards are considered.

Blau, P.J.

1996-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

391

Mercury Effects, Sources and Control Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury Effects, Sources and Control Measures Prepared by Alan B. Jones, Brooks Rand, Ltd., Seattle ................................................................................................................................1 MERCURY SOURCES....................................................................................................................................................................................8 Mercury dumping from naval vessels

392

Density Measurements of Argonne Premium Coal Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density Measurements of Argonne Premium Coal Samples ... Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review ... Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review ...

He Huang; Keyu Wang; David M. Bodily; V. J. Hucka

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification Overview | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measurement and Verification Plan for Your Energy Efficiency ProjectProgram A Primer on EM&V, Data Collection, Tracking and Reporting of Efficiency Savings, and Supporting...

394

Nuclear beta-decay measurements and |Vud|  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some recent work in nuclear beta decay related to the value of |Vud| is described along with some near-term goals for future measurements.

Dan Melconian

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

395

Measured Peak Equipment Loads in Laboratories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of measured equipment load data for laboratories, designersmeasured peak equipment load data from 39 laboratory spacesmeasured equipment load data from various laboratory spaces

Mathew, Paul A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetric Measurements of Trace Uranium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurements of Trace Uranium at the Bismuth Film Electrode. Abstract: Bismuth-coated carbon-fiber electrodes have been successfully applied for adsorptive-stripping...

397

Electrical Calcium Test for Measuring Barrier Permeability -...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search Electrical Calcium Test for Measuring Barrier Permeability National Renewable Energy Laboratory Contact NREL...

398

Burn site groundwater interim measures work plan.  

SciTech Connect

This Work Plan identifies and outlines interim measures to address nitrate contamination in groundwater at the Burn Site, Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico. The New Mexico Environment Department has required implementation of interim measures for nitrate-contaminated groundwater at the Burn Site. The purpose of interim measures is to prevent human or environmental exposure to nitrate-contaminated groundwater originating from the Burn Site. This Work Plan details a summary of current information about the Burn Site, interim measures activities for stabilization, and project management responsibilities to accomplish this purpose.

Witt, Jonathan L. (North Wind, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID); Hall, Kevin A. (North Wind, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID)

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Conductivity measurement on thick insulating plaque samples.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The conductivity is one of the main properties of HVDC cable insulation materials and needs to be evaluated carefully. Since measurement on cables is… (more)

Huldén, Pierre

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Measuring marketing performance in South Africa .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Despite the growing global awareness and importance of marketing performance measurement, little research on the subject has been conducted from a South African perspective. This… (more)

Papageorge, Basil

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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401

Implementing Rational Surface Locations Measured From Thomson...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rational Surface Locations Measured From Thomson Scattering Into MSTfit by Curtis A. Johnson Senior Thesis (Physics) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison 2014 i Abstract...

402

Accurate performance measurement of silicon solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shepard for electronics advice. I would like to acknowledge the Energy Research & Development Corporation uncertainty. For routine measurement of large numbers of sola

403

Zirconium Plate Measuring Instrument (ZPMI) Design Report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the design of a device intended to measure radiation-induced strain in zirconium plate specimens as a function of neutron fluence.

K. Davies; J. H. Jackson

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

ESPC ENABLE Measurement and Verification Protocol  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document provides an overview of the Measurement and Verification (M&V) Protocol utilized within ENABLE energy savings performance contract projects.

405

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement : Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in narrow bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4mum, that comes directly...

406

MEASUREMENT OF VISIBLE LIGHT ABSORPTION BY ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy Commission under contract ... the measurement of light absorption by these particles is .... poorer resolution by the Hubbard unit is largely the result of a

407

THE MEASUREMENT OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC AND ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

combustion unit, precludes the use of their method for the analysis of ... Energy Commission. have been ... has been measured either by acid-base. ( Krogh and

408

Measures of the glottal source spectrum.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. K. , & Antoñanzas- Barroso, N. (1985). Measures of88. Javkin, H. , Antoñanzas-Barroso, N. , & Maddieson, I. (B. R. , & Antoñanzas-Barroso, N. (2006). Analysis and

Kreiman, Jody; Gerratt, Bruce R; Antoñanzas-Barroso, Norma

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Measurement and Characterization of Unregulated Emissions from...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Ethanol Effects on Lean-Burn and Stoichiometric GDI Emissions Measurement and Characterization of Unregulated Emissions from Advanced...

410

INFILTRATION MEASUREMENTS IN AUDIT AND RETROFIT PROGRAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Agency (IEA) Energy Audit Workshop, Elsinore,13-15, 1981. (IEA) Energy Audit INFILTRATION MEASUREMENTS INThe first is an energy audit to determine economically

Grimsrud, D.T.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Preparing for Project Implementation Measuring Energy Achievements...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for Project Implementation Measuring Energy Achievements Save Energy Now LEADER Web Conference Project Implementation Seminar Series Save Energy Now LEADER Web Conference...

412

Sandia National Laboratories: CRF Researchers Measure Reaction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science magazine. Sandia combustion researchers Craig Taatjes and David Osborn discuss data found from the detection and measurement of Criegee intermediate reactions. The...

413

Sandia National Laboratories: Synchrotron photoionization measurements...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

photoionization measurements of fundamental autoignition reactions: Product formation in low-temperature isobutane oxidation Two CRF Papers Named "Distinguished" for 34th...

414

Offshore wave power measurements—A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first wave power patent was filed in 1799. Since then, hundreds of ideas for extraction of energy from ocean waves have surfaced. In the process of developing a concept, it is important to learn from previous successes and failures, and this is not least important when moving into the ocean. In this paper, a review has been made with the purpose of finding wave power projects that have made ocean trials, and that also have reported what has been measured during the trials, and how it has been measured. In relation to how many projects have done work on wave power, surprisingly few have reported on such measurements. There can be many reasons for this, but one is likely the great difficulties in working with experiments in an ocean environment. Many of the projects have reported on sensor failures, unforeseen events, and other general problems in making measurements at sea. The most common site measurement found in this review was wave height. Such measurements was almost universal, although the technologies used differed somewhat. The most common device measurements were electric voltages and/or currents and system pressures (air and water). Device motion and mooring forces were also commonly measured. The motion measurements differed the most between the projects, and many varying methods were used, such as accelerometers, wire sensors, GPS systems, optical systems and echo sounders.

Simon Lindroth; Mats Leijon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband total upwelling irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flights) MFR : Multifilter Radiometer MFRIRT : Multifilter Radiometer and Infrared Thermometer RAD : Radiation Measurements at AMF SIRS : Solar and Infrared Radiation Station...

416

Introduction Modelling in finance Risk measures Pricing via risk measures Option Pricing and Hedging via Risk Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, then the risk is acceptable. When positive, (X) is the minimum extra cash the agent has to add to her portfolio X to make the risk acceptable. Ove G¨ottsche University of Twente Option Pricing and Hedging viaIntroduction Modelling in finance Risk measures Pricing via risk measures Option Pricing

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

417

Bruce A. Measure Joan M. Dukes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bruce A. Measure Chair Montana Joan M. Dukes Vice-Chair Oregon Rhonda Whiting Montana W. Bill Booth Meeting Coeur d' Alene, Idaho November 8-9, 2011 Minutes Council Chair Bruce Measure called the meeting and issues from the workshop the committee held on November 2. We had a presentation on the Hatchery Science

418

Optimal data processing for quantum measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the general measurement scenario in which the ensemble average of an operator is determined via suitable data-processing of the outcomes of a quantum measurement described by a POVM. We determine the optimal processing that minimizes the statistical error of the estimation.

Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Paolo Perinotti

2006-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

419

Measuring class cohesion using mutant methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Class cohesion is a measure of software quality and maintainability. A highly cohesive class implies that its modules are functionally coherent and integrated. To date, there are varying cohesion metrics that measure class cohesion from different perspectives. ... Keywords: class cohesion, mutant methods, mutant operators

Sim-Hui Tee

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

CORONAL MAGNETIC FIELD MEASUREMENTS THROUGH GYRORESONANCE EMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 5 CORONAL MAGNETIC FIELD MEASUREMENTS THROUGH GYRORESONANCE EMISSION Stephen M. White This article reviews the use of gyroresonance emission at radio wavelengths to measure coronal magnetic fields. Keywords: Sun, solar corona, solar magnetic fields, solar radio emission Introduction Since the realization

White, Stephen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Measuring and reporting Greenhouse Gas (GHG)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring and reporting Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from freight transport Quick reference guide through in measuring and reporting the GHG emissions from your transport operations. You should always use it together with the `full' transport emissions reporting guidance. The transport GHG emissions reporting

422

Information and fidelity in projective measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we explicitly calculate information and fidelity of an r-rank projective measurement on a completely unknown state in a d-dimensional Hilbert space. We also show a tradeoff between information and fidelity at the level of a single outcome and discuss the efficiency of measurement with respect to fidelity.

Hiroaki Terashima

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

423

Measurements and Standards for Thermoelectric Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements and Standards for Thermoelectric Materials CERAMICS Our goal is to develop standard, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity) for thin film and bulk thermoelectric materials to enable the commercialization of these materials. Objective Impact and Customers · Thermoelectric SRMs and measurement methods

424

QUIKSCAT MEASUREMENTS AND ECMWF WIND FORECASTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. (2004) this forecast error was encountered when assimilating satellite measurements of zonal wind speeds between satellite measurements and meteorological forecasts of near-surface ocean winds. This type of covariance enters in assimilation techniques such as Kalman filtering. In all, six residual fields

Malmberg, Anders

425

QUIKSCAT MEASUREMENTS AND ECMWF WIND FORECASTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. (2004) this forecast error was encountered when assimilating satellite measurements of zonal wind speeds between satellite measurements and meteorological forecasts of near­surface ocean winds. This type of covariance enters in assimilation techniques such as Kalman filtering. In all, six residual fields

Malmberg, Anders

426

Measurement of the D -> pipi branching fractions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using data from CLEO II at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring we provide a new measurement of the branching fraction for D0 --> pi+pi-, and we present the first measurements of D0 --> pi0pi0 and of D+ --> pi+pi0, which is ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Neutron apparatus for measuring strain in composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for orienting a pulsed neutron source and a multi-angle diffractometer toward a sample of a ceramic-matrix or metal-matrix composite so that the measurement of internal strain (from which stress is calculated) is reduced to uncomplicated time-of-flight measurements.

Kupperman, David S. (Oak Park, IL); Majumdar, Saurindranath (Naperville, IL); Faber, Jr., John F. (Downers Grove, IL); Singh, J. P. (Bolingbrook, IL)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Bioassay and dose measurement in UV disinfection.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reactors. Bioassay and dose measurement in UV disinfection...determined as a function of UV dose to prepare a standard...Sewage Spores, Bacterial radiation effects Sterilization...Microbiology Bioassay and Dose Measurement in UV Disinfection...meth- ods of UV dose estimation used in previous studies...

R G Qualls; J D Johnson

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Planning Report 04-3 Measuring Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning Report 04-3 Measuring Economic Effects of Technical Barriers to Trade on U.S. Exporters not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of its research sponsors. Measuring Economic Effects of Technical, such as tariffs, concern has grown about the possible economic effects of technical barriers to trade (TBTs

430

Temperature Measurements at an Implosion Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Temperature Measurements at an Implosion Focus T. Saito I. I. Glass Spectroscopic temperature...temperatures were measured at the implosion focus by using a medium quartz Hilger spectrograph...very close to unity, confirmed that the plasma was a black body. Numerical studies with...

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Recent measurements of the B hadron lifetime  

SciTech Connect

Recent measurements of the B hadron lifetime from PEP and PETRA experiments are presented. These measurements firmly establish that the B lifetime is long (approx.1 psec), implying that the mixing between the third generation of quarks and the lighter quarks is much weaker that the mixing between the first two generations.

Ong, R.A.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

AT 560 (2 Credits) Air Pollution Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AT 560 (2 Credits) Air Pollution Measurement Spring 2013 Instructor: Jeff Collett, 491 Resolution and Student Conduct Services." #12;ATS 560 - Air Pollution Measurement Spring 2013 Schedule Useful. 11, 13 Atmospheric Aero- sols/Sampling Lab #2: Aerosol and trace gas sampling; 5 Feb. 18, 20 Intro

433

Measuring Improved Reliability in Stochastic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for such a path, this represents a better measure of the path's reliability. If the distribution were asymmetricMeasuring Improved Reliability in Stochastic Systems Jeremy Bradley \\Lambda Neil Davies y 30 June 1999 Abstract In this paper, we examine reliability of stochastic systems with specific application

Bradley, Jeremy

434

Offshore Wind Turbine Wakes Measured by Sodar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A ship-mounted sodar was used to measure wind turbine wakes in an offshore wind farm in Denmark. The wake magnitude and vertical extent were determined by measuring the wind speed profile behind an operating turbine, then shutting down the ...

R. J. Barthelmie; L. Folkerts; F. T. Ormel; P. Sanderhoff; P. J. Eecen; O. Stobbe; N. M. Nielsen

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Extreme phase and rotated quadrature measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the extreme points of the convex set of covariant phase observables. Such extremals describe the best phase parameter measurements of laser light - the best in the sense that they are free from classical randomness due to fluctuations in the measuring procedure. We also characterize extreme fuzzy rotated quadratures.

Juha-Pekka Pellonpää

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

436

Strangeness Production at SIS measured with HADES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n this paper we review the recent results on strangeness production measured by HADES in the Ar+KCl system at a beam energy of 1.756 AGeV. A detailed comparison of the measured hadron yields with the statistical model is also discussed.

,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Strangeness Production at SIS measured with HADES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n this paper we review the recent results on strangeness production measured by HADES in the Ar+KCl system at a beam energy of 1.756 AGeV. A detailed comparison of the measured hadron yields with the statistical model is also discussed.

J. Pietraszko; L. Fabbietti

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

438

NREL: Measurements and Characterization - Current Versus Voltage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current Versus Voltage Current Versus Voltage The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Device Performance group uses current versus voltage (I-V) measurement systems to assess the main performance parameters for photovoltaic (PV) cells and modules. I-V measurement systems determine the output performance of devices, including: open-circuit voltage (Voc), short-circuit current (Isc), fill factor (FF), maximum power output of the device (Pmax), voltage at maximum power (Vmax), current at maximum power (Imax), and conversion efficiency of the device (η). Some I-V systems may also be used to perform dark I-V measurements to determine diode properties and series and shunt resistances. We use three I-V systems to measure performance of individual PV cells; and four for modules - two for measurements under simulated conditions; and

439

ARM - Measurement - Net broadband total irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsNet broadband total irradiance govMeasurementsNet broadband total irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Net broadband total irradiance The difference between upwelling and downwelling, covering longwave and shortwave radiation. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments EBBR : Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station SEBS : Surface Energy Balance System External Instruments ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model

440

DOE ARM Data and Measurement Needs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Philosophy Philosophy Practice Proposal DOE ARM Data and Measurement Needs Ann Fridlind * NASA GISS 10 March 2008 Ann Fridlind * NASA GISS DOE ARM Data and Measurement Needs Philosophy Practice Proposal Programmatic goals Programmatic tools Pursue the newest technologies "Build it and they will come" Ann Fridlind * NASA GISS DOE ARM Data and Measurement Needs Philosophy Practice Proposal Programmatic goals Programmatic tools Pursue the newest technologies "Build it and they will come" Inspire the masses (and money providers) Ann Fridlind * NASA GISS DOE ARM Data and Measurement Needs Philosophy Practice Proposal Programmatic goals Programmatic tools Pursue the newest technologies "Build it and they will come" Inspire the masses (and money providers) Hope that scientific results follow Ann Fridlind * NASA GISS DOE ARM Data and Measurement Needs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Measurement and Verification | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measurement and Verification Measurement and Verification Measurement and Verification October 16, 2013 - 4:43pm Addthis Photo of a man with a clipboard and measuring tools standing in front of an open energy panel box. A National Park Service energy manager checks an energy management system at the Zion National Park Visitor Center. Measurement and verification (M&V) play a vital role in renewable energy projects. M&V verifies verify that renewable energy technologies successfully meet the energy generation or savings requirements as specified by the agency and the system design. Federal sustainable building guidelines require M&V systems for sustainable building projects and the use of M&V data for benchmarking systems. However, these systems deliver value well beyond regulatory compliance.

442

Method for High Accuracy Multiplicity Correlation Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiplicity correlation measurements provide insight into the dynamics of high energy collisions. Models describing these collisions need these correlation measurements to tune the strengths of the underlying QCD processes which influence all observables. Detectors, however, often possess limited coverage or reduced efficiency that influence correlation measurements in obscure ways. In this paper, the effects of non-uniform detection acceptance and efficiency on the measurement of multiplicity correlations between two distinct detector regions (termed forward-backward correlations) are derived. This result is transformed into a correction method. Verification of the presented correction method is provided through simulations using different event generators. The result of the method allows one to correct measurements in a simulation independent manner with high accuracy and thereby shed light on the underlying processes.

Gulbrandsen, K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

A measurement infrastructure for sustainable manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global resource degradation, climate change, and environmental pollution are worsening due to increasing globalised industrialisation. Manufacturing industries have thus been put under pressure to cope with these problems while maintaining competitiveness. Sustainable manufacturing has been proposed to meet these challenges. The measurement of sustainability in manufacturing enables the quantitative measure of sustainability performance in specific manufacturing processes that will support decision-making for more sustainable processes and products. This paper describes a proposed sustainable manufacturing measurement infrastructure. The centre piece of this infrastructure is a sustainability performance management component that will effectively manage a sustainable indicator repository, measurement process guidelines, and sustainability performance analysis, evaluation, and reporting. The sustainability measurement infrastructure provides a foundation for decision-making tools development and enables users to create a tight integration into business strategy development processes. Examples in this paper are on carbon emissions and energy consumption.

Shaw C. Feng; Che B. Joung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Measuring spatial variability in soil characteristics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides systems and methods for measuring a load force associated with pulling a farm implement through soil that is used to generate a spatially variable map that represents the spatial variability of the physical characteristics of the soil. An instrumented hitch pin configured to measure a load force is provided that measures the load force generated by a farm implement when the farm implement is connected with a tractor and pulled through or across soil. Each time a load force is measured, a global positioning system identifies the location of the measurement. This data is stored and analyzed to generate a spatially variable map of the soil. This map is representative of the physical characteristics of the soil, which are inferred from the magnitude of the load force.

Hoskinson, Reed L. (Rigby, ID); Svoboda, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Sawyer, J. Wayne (Hampton, VA); Hess, John R. (Ashton, ID); Hess, J. Richard (Idaho Falls, ID)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

ARM - Measurement - Planetary boundary layer height  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsPlanetary boundary layer height govMeasurementsPlanetary boundary layer height ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Planetary boundary layer height Top of the planetary boundary layer; also known as depth or height of the mixing layer. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments VCEIL : Vaisala Ceilometer External Instruments NCEPGFS : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System Field Campaign Instruments

446

Multi-area power system state estimation utilizing boundary measurements and phasor measurement units ( PMUs)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

estimation is explained for a simple serial estimator. Then the thesis shows how conventional measurements and newer, more accurate PMU measurements work within the framework of weighted least squares estimation. Next, the multi-area state estimator...

Freeman, Matthew A

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

447

Magnetic measurements at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Revision  

SciTech Connect

Recent magnetic measurement activities at LBL have been concentrated in two separate areas, electro-magnets and permanent magnets for the Advanced Light Source (ALS), and superconducting magnets for the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory (SSCL). A survey of the many different measurement systems is presented. These include: AC magnetic measurements of an ALS booster dipole engineering model magnet, dipole moment measurements of permanent magnet blocks for ALS wigglers and undulators, permeability measurements of samples destined for wiggler and undulator poles, harmonic error analysis of SSC one meter model dipoles and quadrupoles and five meter long SSC prototype quadrupoles, harmonic error analysis of ALS dipoles, quadrupoles, and sextupoles, precision Hall probe mapping of ALS storage ring combined function magnets, and the design of the ALS insertion device magnets mapping system. We also describe a new UNIX based data acquisition system that is being developed for the SSC. Probes used for magnetic measurements include Helmholtz coils, integral coils, point coils, and bucking harmonic analysis coils, several different types of Hall probes, and nuclear magnetic resonance magnetometers. Both analog and digital integrators are used with the coils. Some problems that occurred and their rectification is described. The mechanisms used include rotating systems with optical encoders, X-Y mapping systems with optical encoders and a laser position measuring device. 10 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Green, M.I.; Barale, P.; Callapp, L.; Case-Fortier, M.; Lerner, D.; Nelson, D.; Schermer, R.; Skipper, G.; Van Dyke, D.; Cork, C.; Halbach, K.; Hassenzahl, W.; Hoyer, E.; Marks, S.; Harten, T.; Luchini, K.; Milburn, J.; Tanabe, J.; Zucca, F.; Keller, R.; Selph, F.; Gilbert, W.; Green, M.A.; O`Neil, J.; Schafer, R.; Taylor, C.; Greiman, W.; Hall, D.; MacFarlane, J.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Quantum measurements of atoms using cavity QED  

SciTech Connect

Generalized quantum measurements are an important extension of projective or von Neumann measurements in that they can be used to describe any measurement that can be implemented on a quantum system. We describe how to realize two nonstandard quantum measurements using cavity QED. The first measurement optimally and unambiguously distinguishes between two nonorthogonal quantum states. The second example is a measurement that demonstrates superadditive quantum coding gain. The experimental tools used are single-atom unitary operations effected by Ramsey pulses and two-atom Tavis-Cummings interactions. We show how the superadditive quantum coding gain is affected by errors in the field-ionization detection of atoms and that even with rather high levels of experimental imperfections, a reasonable amount of superadditivity can still be seen. To date, these types of measurements have been realized only on photons. It would be of great interest to have realizations using other physical systems. This is for fundamental reasons but also since quantum coding gain in general increases with code word length, and a realization using atoms could be more easily scaled than existing realizations using photons.

Dada, Adetunmise C.; Andersson, Erika [SUPA, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Jones, Martin L.; Kendon, Vivien M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Everitt, Mark S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 101-8430 (Japan)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

Earth resistivity measurement near substation ground grids  

SciTech Connect

Proper substation grounding grid design requires good, accurate soil resistivity measurements. This data is essential to model the substation ground grid to design a safe ground grid with a satisfactory ground grid resistance at minimum cost. For substations with several decades of service, there is some concern that a grid may have deteriorated, been damaged during equipment installation or excavation, or that initial soil resistivity measurements were lost or may not have been correctly performed. Ground grid conductors change the substation surface voltage distribution. Any voltage measurements taken at the complete substation will also vary from the tests made without conductors present. During testing, current was injected in the soil by probes placed near the ground grid. The current tends to follow the ground grid conductors since copper is a far better conductor than the soil it is placed in. Resistance readings near grids will be lower than readings in undisturbed soil. Since computer models were unavailable for many years, analyzing the effect of the grid conductors on soil resistivity measurements was very difficult. As a result, soil resistivity measurements made close to substations were of little use to the engineer unless some means of correcting the measured values could be developed. This paper will present results of soil resistivity measurements near a substation ground grid before and after a ground grid has been installed and describes a means of calculating the undisturbed soil model.

Lodwig, S.G.; Mateja, S.A. [ComEd, Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Entanglement consumption of instantaneous nonlocal quantum measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic causality has dramatic consequences on the measurability of nonlocal variables and poses the fundamental question of whether it is physically meaningful to speak about the value of nonlocal variables at a particular time. Recent work has shown that by weakening the role of the measurement in preparing eigenstates of the variable it is in fact possible to measure all nonlocal observables instantaneously by exploiting entanglement. However, for these measurement schemes to succeed with certainty an infinite amount of entanglement must be distributed initially and all this entanglement is necessarily consumed. In this work we sharpen the characterisation of instantaneous nonlocal measurements by explicitly devising schemes in which only a finite amount of the initially distributed entanglement is ever utilised. This enables us to determine an upper bound to the average consumption for the most general cases of nonlocal measurements. This includes the tasks of state verification, where the measurement verifies if the system is in a given state, and verification measurements of a general set of eigenstates of an observable. Despite its finiteness the growth of entanglement consumption is found to display an extremely unfavourable exponential of an exponential scaling with either the number of qubits needed to contain the Schmidt rank of the target state or total number of qubits in the system for an operator measurement. This scaling is seen to be a consequence of the combination of the generic exponential scaling of unitary decompositions combined with the highly recursive structure of our scheme required to overcome the no-signalling constraint of relativistic causality.

S. R. Clark; A. J. Connor; D. Jaksch; S. Popescu

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

451

Automated Measurement and Signaling Systems for the Transactional Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the Transactional Network Measurement and Verificationin the Transactional Network Measurement and Verification12 Figure 8. EE Measurement and Verification (Cumulative

Piette, Mary Ann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Example Measurement & Verification Plan for a Super ESPC Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Example Measurement & Verification Plan for a Super ESPC Project Example Measurement & Verification Plan for a Super ESPC Project Report features a comprehensive measurement and...

453

International performance measurement and verification protocol for new construction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol for New1. INTRODUCTION Measurement and Verification (M&V) of energyPerformance Measurement & Verification Protocol.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

WHY DO DIFFERENCES BETWEEN STATE-MEASURED ACHIEVEMENT GAPS AND NATIONALLY-MEASURED ACHIEVEMENT GAPS EXIST?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

legitimacy on state assessments is the yardstick for measuring success, state-assessment proficiency will be the outcome. It could be argued that, in this case, actual achievement is displaced as a secondary result. This dissertation, though, does... in this study as legitimacy measures rather than measures of learning. This dissertation does not assume that the NAEP is a more virtuous assessment but rather a low-stakes measure of legitimacy. Because the United States adopted a national policy requiring...

Courtney, Christina Leigh

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

455

Sensors & Measurement | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrical and Electronics Systems Research Sustainable Electricity Systems Biology Transportation Clean Energy Home | Science & Discovery | Clean Energy | Research Areas | Sensors & Measurement SHARE Sensors & Measurement Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) capability in the research and development of sensor materials, sensors technologies, new instrumentation, and measurement systems is critical to its ability to translate breakthrough science into robust technologies, systems, and methods that address high-risk, high-complexity, multidisciplinary issues of national importance. This capability is manifested in a culture that effectively creates and manages complex systems by (1) developing detailed analytical processes to establish requirements, (2) analyzing candidate system

456

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements and Radiosonde Comparisons During the WVIOP2000 Field Experiment D. Cimini University of L'Aquila L'Aquil, Italy E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Y. Han Science System Applications National Aeronautics Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland S. Keihm Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California Introduction During September to October 2000, a water vapor intensive operational period (WVIOP) was conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and

457

REVIEW OF AIR FLOW MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

9747 9747 Review of Airflow Measurement Techniques Jennifer McWilliams Energy Performance of Buildings Group Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA 94720 December 1, 2002 Abstract Airflow measurement techniques are necessary to determine the most basic of indoor air quality questions: "Is there enough fresh air to provide a healthy environment for the occupants of the building?" This paper outlines airflow measurement techniques, but it does not make recommendations for techniques that should be used. The airflows that will be discussed are those within a room or zone, those between rooms or zones, such as through doorways (open or closed) or passive vents, those between the building and

458

Coordinate Measuring Machine Pit Artifact Inspection Procedure  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this document is to outline a procedure for dimensional measurement of Los Alamos National Laboratory's CMM Pit Artifact. This procedure will be used by the Manufacturing Practice's Inspection Technology Subgroup of the Interagency Manufacturing Operations Group and Joint Operations Weapon Operations Group (IMOG/JOWOG 39) round robin participants. The intent is to assess the state of industry within the Nuclear Weapons Complex for measurements made on this type of part and find which current measurement strategies and techniques produce the best results.

Montano, Joshua D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

Super-PINGU for measuring CP violation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose to measure leptonic CP phase, after neutrino mass hierarchy is established, with an upgrade of the PINGU detector and using atmospheric neutrino flux. The upgrade, called super-PINGU, will require a few megaton effective volume at 0.5-1 GeV range to distinguish $\\delta$ in the range $\\pi/2$-$3\\pi/2$ from 0 after 4 years of operation. The distinguishability (similar to significance) of measuring $\\delta$ depends crucially on various flux, cross-section, event reconstruction (energy and angle) and flavor identification uncertainties. We explore effects of these uncertainties on the distinguishability of measuring CP phase and suggest possible ways to minimize their impact.

Razzaque, Soebur

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Compact proton spectrometers for measurements of shock  

SciTech Connect

The compact Wedge Range Filter (WRF) proton spectrometer was developed for OMEGA and transferred to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) as a National Ignition Campaign (NIC) diagnostic. The WRF measures the spectrum of protons from D-{sup 3}He reactions in tuning-campaign implosions containing D and {sup 3}He gas; in this work we report on the first proton spectroscopy measurement on the NIF using WRFs. The energy downshift of the 14.7-MeV proton is directly related to the total {rho}R through the plasma stopping power. Additionally, the shock proton yield is measured, which is a metric of the final merged shock strength.

Mackinnon, A; Zylstra, A; Frenje, J A; Seguin, F H; Rosenberg, M J; Rinderknecht, H G; Johnson, M G; Casey, D T; Sinenian, N; Manuel, M; Waugh, C J; Sio, H W; Li, C K; Petrasso, R D; Friedrich, S; Knittel, K; Bionta, R; McKernan, M; Callahan, D; Collins, G; Dewald, E; Doeppner, T; Edwards, M J; Glenzer, S H; Hicks, D; Landen, O L; London, R; Meezan, N B

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

On quantum interferometric measurements of temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a detailed description of the interferometric thermometer, which is a device that estimates the temperature of a sample from measurements of the optical phase. For the first time, we rigorously analyze the operation of such a device by studying the interaction of the optical probe system with a heated sample. We find that this approach to thermometry is capable of measuring the temperature of a sample in the nK regime. Furthermore, we compare the theoretical precision of interferometric thermometers with the precision offered by the idealized pyrometers, which infer the temperature from a measurement of the total thermal radiation emitted by the sample.

Marcin Jarzyna; Marcin Zwierz

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

462

Measurement of the Speed of Light. II. Wavelength Measurements and Conclusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

30 June 1977 research-article Measurement of the Speed of Light. II. Wavelength Measurements and Conclusion T. G...this wavelength measurement leads to a value for the speed of light in vacuum of 299 792 459.0 0.6 m/s (Blaney et...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Measurement of the Speed of Light. I. Introduction and Frequency Measurement of a Carbon Dioxide Laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

30 June 1977 research-article Measurement of the Speed of Light. I. Introduction and Frequency Measurement of a Carbon...part II following, describe a determination of the speed of light made by measuring the frequency and wavelength of radiation...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

ARM - Measurement - Longwave broadband downwelling irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

downwelling irradiance downwelling irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave broadband downwelling irradiance The total diffuse and direct radiant energy, at wavelengths longer than approximately 4 {mu}m, that is being emitted downwards. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments BSRN : Baseline Solar Radiation Network BRS : Broadband Radiometer Station CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems

465

ARM - Measurement - Longwave narrowband brightness temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

narrowband brightness temperature narrowband brightness temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave narrowband brightness temperature A descriptive measure of radiation in terms of the temperature of a hypothetical black body emitting an identical amount of radiation in the same narrow band of wavelengths. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments IRT : Infrared Thermometer Field Campaign Instruments RAD-AIR : Airborne Radiometers

466

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband total downwelling irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

downwelling irradiance downwelling irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave broadband total downwelling irradiance The total diffuse and direct radiant energy that comes from some continuous range of directions, at wavelengths between 0.4 and 4 {mu}m, that is being emitted downwards. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AMC : Ameriflux Measurement Component BSRN : Baseline Solar Radiation Network

467

Measurement and Verification for Demand Response  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measurement and Verification for Measurement and Verification for Demand Response Prepared for the National Forum on the National Action Plan on Demand Response: Measurement and Verification Working Group AUTHORS: Miriam L. Goldberg & G. Kennedy Agnew-DNV KEMA Energy and Sustainability National Forum of the National Action Plan on Demand Response Measurement and Verification for Demand Response was developed to fulfill part of the Implementation Proposal for The National Action Plan on Demand Response, a report to Congress jointly issued by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in June 2011. Part of that implementation proposal called for a "National Forum" on demand response to be conducted by DOE and FERC. Given that demand response has matured, DOE and FERC decided that a "virtual" project

468

A Labor Measurement Structure for Retail Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To compete effectively with the competition, retail companies like Karls need to adopt work measurement techniques to understand and plan for the correct amount of payroll. Proper allocation of payroll equates to a better sales margin and healthy...

VonAchen, James D.

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Consideration of spatial effects in reactivity measurements  

SciTech Connect

Various methods of considering spatial effects in reactivity measurements are presented. These methods are employed both at the critical (mainly fast-neutron) facilities and at the BN-600 reactor.

Matveenko, I. P., E-mail: matveenko@ippe.ru; Lititskii, V. A.; Shokod'ko, A. G. [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Multiple Scattering Measurements in the MICE Experiment  

SciTech Connect

The international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE), under construction at RAL, will test a prototype cooling channel for a future Neutrino Factory or Muon Collider. The cooling channel aims to achieve, using liquid hydrogen absorbers, a 10% reduction in transverse emittance. The change in 4D emittance will be determined with an accuracy of 1% by measuring muons individually. Step IV of MICE will make the first precise emittance-reduction measurements of the experiment. Simulation studies using G4MICE, based on GEANT4, find a significant difference in multiple scattering in low Z materials, compared with the standard expression quoted by the Particle Data Group. Direct measurement of multiple scattering using the scintillating-fibre trackers is found to be possible, but requires the measurement resolution to be unfolded from the data.

Carlisle, T.; Cobb, J.; /Oxford U.; Neuffer, D.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Extending semantic similarity measurement with thematic roles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Semantic similarity measurement plays a significant role in semantic interoperability and in information retrieval within the geo domain as it supports the detection of conceptually close but not identical entities. In feature-based models, the similarity ...

Krzysztof Janowicz

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Guidance on measuring and reporting Greenhouse Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guidance on measuring and reporting Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from freight transport This guidance provides clear instructions on calculating the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from freight and report your greenhouse gas emissions', by providing more specific information and examples relating

473

W. Bill Booth Bruce A. Measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W. Bill Booth Chair Idaho Bruce A. Measure Vice-Chair Montana James A. Yost Idaho Tom Karier the ISRP and the CSKT held a teleconference on March 30, 2007. On May 25, 2007 received the revised

474

The impact of uncertainty and risk measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

papers indicating crude oil price shocks as a contributingdifferent measures of the crude oil price volatility series.of real average crude oil prices from 1957Q1 to 2010Q1

Jo, Soojin; Jo, Soojin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Obtaining accurate measurement using redundant sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional wisdom suggests to accomplish accurate measurement, the sensors used must have high precision and excellent dynamic range. This generally results in sensor systems that are complex, costly, and often sensitive to environmental factors...

Burnett, Michael Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

476

20130113-Zurawski-DMZ-Tutorial-Measurement.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance*Measurement*&* Monitoring*via*perfSONAR* January'13 th '2013'-'TIP2013:'Building'a'Science'DMZ' Jason'Zurawski'-'Senior'Research'Engineer' Outline' 2'-'28...

477

W. Bill Booth Bruce A. Measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W. Bill Booth Chair Idaho Bruce A. Measure Vice-Chair Montana James A. Yost Idaho Tom Karier on the consultations held with entities through the October Council meeting and the key themes from those discussions

478

High Precision Measurements Using High Frequency Signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalized lock-in amplifiers use digital cavities with Q-factors as high as 5X10^8. In this letter, we show that generalized lock-in amplifiers can be used to analyze microwave (giga-hertz) signals with a precision of few tens of hertz. We propose that the physical changes in the medium of propagation can be measured precisely by the ultra-high precision measurement of the signal. We provide evidence to our proposition by verifying the Newton's law of cooling by measuring the effect of change in temperature on the phase and amplitude of the signals propagating through two calibrated cables. The technique could be used to precisely measure different physical properties of the propagation medium, for example length, resistance, etc. Real time implementation of the technique can open up new methodologies of in-situ virtual metrology in material design.

Jin, Aohan; Sakurai, Atsunori; Liu, Liang; Edman, Fredrik; Öwall, Viktor; Pullerits, Tonu; Karki, Khadga J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Measurement of DWPF glass viscosity - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This report details the results of a scoping study funded by the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) for the measurement of melt viscosities for simulated glasses representative of Macrobatch 2 (Tank 42/51 feed).

Harbour, J.R.

2000-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

480

The Measured Cost of Conservative Garbage Collection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approaches. Techniques for dynamic storage management can be divided into two broad categories: explicit programs to use automatic storage management. Another common approach to automatic The Measured Cost of Conservative Garbage Collection Benjamin Zorn Department of Computer Science

Ramsey, Norman

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fdi measures fdi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Bragg scattering measurement of atmospheric plasma decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay processes of the plasma layers generated by two intersecting microwave pulses in 1 torr dry air are investigated by Bragg scattering method. The results of measurement show that the electrons decay i...

Y. S. Zhang; S. P. Kuo

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Measuring the Cosmic Shear in Fourier Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose to measure the weak cosmic shear using the spatial derivatives of the galaxy surface brightness field. The measurement should be carried out in Fourier space, in which the point spread function (PSF) can be transformed to a desired form with multiplications, and the spatial derivatives can be easily measured. This method is mathematically well defined regardless of the galaxy morphology and the form of the PSF, and involves simple procedures of image processing. Furthermore, with high resolution galaxy images, this approach allows one to probe the shape distortions of galaxy substructures, which can potentially provide much more independent shear measurements than the ellipticities of the whole galaxy. We demonstrate the efficiency of this method using computer-generated mock galaxy images.

Jun Zhang

2006-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

483

Heat Loss Measurement Using Infrared Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in various applications. Examples of two applications are presented. The first describes the development of heat balance data for a solvent refined coal processing unit. The second describes the measurement of heat loss and thermal resistance in a double...

Seeber, S. A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Optical instrumentation for vibration measurement and monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Monitoring of machine tool vibrations is an important aspect of precision manufacturing ... of a simple and unique instrument for precise vibration measurement that can be used in industry. The ... laboratory. Th...

Devdas Shetty; Ahad Ali; Jonathan Hill

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Measuring atomic properties with an atom interferometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two experiments are presented which measure atomic properties using an atom interferometer. The interferometer splits the sodium de Broglie wave into two paths, one of which travels through an interaction region. The paths ...

Roberts, Tony David, 1972-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Nucleon measurements at the precision frontier  

SciTech Connect

We comment on nucleon measurements at the precision frontier. As examples of what can be learned, we concentrate on three topics, which are parity violating scattering experiments, the proton radius puzzle, and the symbiosis between nuclear and atomic physics.

Carlson, Carl E. [Physics Department, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

487

Radiosondes Corrected for Inaccuracy in RH Measurements  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Corrections for inaccuracy in Vaisala radiosonde RH measurements have been applied to ARM SGP radiosonde soundings. The magnitude of the corrections can vary considerably between soundings. The radiosonde measurement accuracy, and therefore the correction magnitude, is a function of atmospheric conditions, mainly T, RH, and dRH/dt (humidity gradient). The corrections are also very sensitive to the RH sensor type, and there are 3 Vaisala sensor types represented in this dataset (RS80-H, RS90, and RS92). Depending on the sensor type and the radiosonde production date, one or more of the following three corrections were applied to the RH data: Temperature-Dependence correction (TD), Contamination-Dry Bias correction (C), Time Lag correction (TL). The estimated absolute accuracy of NIGHTTIME corrected and uncorrected Vaisala RH measurements, as determined by comparison to simultaneous reference-quality measurements from Holger Voemel's (CU/CIRES) cryogenic frostpoint hygrometer (CFH), is given by Miloshevich et al. (2006).

Miloshevich, Larry

488

Measurement on physical parameters of raindrop energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As a result, how to determine the rainfall energy (e) and intensity (I) of one unit period is the key to measure and calculate the energy. Between these two parameters, I is ... rainfall precipitation and rainfal...

Minghang Guo; Jinshi Jian; Zhun Zhao; Juying Jiao

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

EM Corporate Performance Measures- Site Office Level  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Environmental Management assigns specific measures to each site that is tailored to the unique nature and scope of each area’s contamination and cleanup work.

490

Thermodynamics and the measure of entanglement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We point out formal correspondences between thermodynamics and entanglement. By applying them to previous work, we show that entropy of entanglement is the unique measure of entanglement for pure states.

Sandu Popescu and Daniel Rohrlich

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Arterial endothelial function measurement method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A "relaxoscope" (100) detects the degree of arterial endothelial function. Impairment of arterial endothelial function is an early event in atherosclerosis and correlates with the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. An artery (115), such as the brachial artery (BA) is measured for diameter before and after several minutes of either vasoconstriction or vasorelaxation. The change in arterial diameter is a measure of flow-mediated vasomodification (FMVM). The relaxoscope induces an artificial pulse (128) at a superficial radial artery (115) via a linear actuator (120). An ultrasonic Doppler stethoscope (130) detects this pulse 10-20 cm proximal to the point of pulse induction (125). The delay between pulse application and detection provides the pulse transit time (PTT). By measuring PTT before (160) and after arterial diameter change (170), FMVM may be measured based on the changes in PTT caused by changes in vessel caliber, smooth muscle tone and wall thickness.

Maltz, Jonathan S; Budinger, Thomas F

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

492

Designing the lean enterprise performance measurement system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research contained in this thesis explores design attributes of the enterprise performance measurement system required for the transformation to the lean enterprise and its management. Arguments are made from the ...

Mahidhar, Vikram

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Nanoparticle Measurements and Standards for Biomedical and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoparticle Measurements and Standards for Biomedical and Health Applications NANOMATERIALS Our consensus standards for characterization of biomedical nanoparticles are currently under development within for the biomedical and EHS sectors. Approach Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory Taking therapeutic

Magee, Joseph W.

494

Sobolev Spaces Autumn 2008 Background Lebesgue Measure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

infimum of measurable function f : X R are ess supX f = min{ R | f a.e.} ess infX f = max{ R | f a||p = X |f|p dµ 1/p . L() comprises all essentially bounded measurable functions on (i.e. finite ess inf and ess sup), and ||f|| = ess sup |f|. Define Lp() to be the set of equivalence classes of Lp() under

Burton, Geoffrey R.

495

PVT measurements for five natural gas mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PVT MEASUREMENTS FOR FIVE NATURAL GAS MIXTURES A Thesis by PHILIP PARAYIL SIMON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991..., The Netherlands), Ruhrgas (Germany), National Institute of Standards and Technology (Boulder, Colorado, USA), and Texas A&M University (USA). This work involved the measurement of the compressibility factors of the five natural gas mixtures at temperatures...

Simon, Philip Parayil

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

496

LDV Measurement of Confined Parallel Jet Mixing  

SciTech Connect

Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) measurements were taken in a confinement, bounded by two parallel walls, into which issues a row of parallel jets. Two-component measurements were taken of two mean velocity components and three Reynolds stress components. As observed in isolated three dimensional wall bounded jets, the transverse diffusion of the jets is quite large. The data indicate that this rapid mixing process is due to strong secondary flows, transport of large inlet intensities and Reynolds stress anisotropy effects.

R.F. Kunz; S.W. D'Amico; P.F. Vassallo; M.A. Zaccaria

2001-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

Optical distance measurement device and method thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method of efficiently obtaining distance measurements of a target. A modulated optical beam may be used to determine the distance to the target. A first beam splitter may be used to split the optical beam and a second beam splitter may be used to recombine a reference beam with a return ranging beam. An optical mixing detector may be used in a receiver to efficiently detect distance measurement information.

Bowers, Mark W. (Patterson, CA)

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

498

Mechanical Measurements of the ALMA Prototype Antennas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The specifications of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) have placed stringent requirements on the mechanical performance of its antennas. As part of the evaluation process of the VertexRSI and Alcatel EIE Consortium (AEC) ALMA prototype antennas, measurements of the path length, thermal, and azimuth bearing performance were made under a variety of weather conditions and observing modes. The results of mechanical measurements, reported here, are compared to the antenna specifications.

A. Greve; J. G. Mangum

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

499

Recent results from COMPASS muon scattering measurements  

SciTech Connect

A sample of recent results in muon scattering measurements from the COMPASS experiment at CERN will be reviewed. These include high energy processes with longitudinally polarised proton and deuteron targets. High energy polarised measurements provide important constraints for studying the nucleon spin structure and thus permit to test the applicability of the theoretical framework of factorisation theorems and perturbative QCD. Specifically, latest results on longitudinal quark polarisation, quark helicity densities and gluon polarisation will be reviewed.

Capozza, Luigi [Irfu/SPhN - CEA Saclay, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Collaboration: COMPASS Collaboration

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

500

Radar range measurements in the atmosphere.  

SciTech Connect

The earth's atmosphere affects the velocity of propagation of microwave signals. This imparts a range error to radar range measurements that assume the typical simplistic model for propagation velocity. This range error is a function of atmospheric constituents, such as water vapor, as well as the geometry of the radar data collection, notably altitude and range. Models are presented for calculating atmospheric effects on radar range measurements, and compared against more elaborate atmospheric models.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z