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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to expand at a double-digit annual growth rate shows that efforts to grow the solar market and make solar energy more accessible to all Americans are working. The solar...

2

Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America Solar Among the Fastest Growing Job Markets in America November 8, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) -- currently the largest solar photovoltaic power plant in the Eastern United States -- generates enough renewable energy to power approximately 4,500 homes. LISF is located at Brookhaven National Laboratory. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) -- currently the largest solar photovoltaic power plant in the Eastern United States -- generates enough renewable energy to power approximately 4,500 homes. LISF is located at Brookhaven National Laboratory. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory. Minh Le Minh Le Program Manager, Solar Program

3

Master Project: Study of the interaction between multiple Wind Farms Wind Energy is the fastest growing source of energy, and its expansion seems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of wind turbines (so called wind farms) are being built. At present, much knowledge exists regarding single wind turbines and also about wind turbine interaction. Nevertheless, little is known aboutMaster Project: Study of the interaction between multiple Wind Farms Wind Energy is the fastest

4

Primary coal crushers grow to meet demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mine operators look for more throughput with less fines generation in primary crushers (defined here as single role crushers and two stage crushers). The article gives advice on crusher selection and application. Some factors dictating selection include the desired product size, capacity, Hard Grove grindability index, percentage of rock to be freed and hardness of that rock. The hardness of coal probably has greatest impact on product fineness. 2 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Fiscor, S.

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Los Alamos supercomputer remains fastest in world  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

world Los Alamos supercomputer remains fastest in world The latest list of the TOP500 computers in the world continued to place the Roadrunner supercomputer as fastest in the world...

6

Pennsylvania is the fastest-growing natural gas-producing ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ... ...

7

What is the fastest type of energy?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What is the fastest type of energy? Since almost all forms of radiation move at the speed of light, we can determine that there are SEVERAL types of energies that are equally fast....

8

NNSA's Sequoia supercomputer ranked as world's fastest  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| NR-12-06-07 NNSA's Sequoia supercomputer ranked as world's fastest Donald B Johnston, LLNL, (925) 423-4902, johnston19@llnl.gov Printer-friendly From left to right in front of...

9

DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science November 10, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis OAK RIDGE,...

10

NERSC's Hopper is Among World's Top 10 Fastest Computers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hopper Among World's Top 10 Fastest Computers Hopper Among World's Top 10 Fastest Computers One of only 10 Petaflops Systems Worldwide June 17, 2011 | Tags: Hopper, NERSC Linda Vu,...

11

Once the World's Fastest Supercomputer; Central to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

End of the road for Roadrunner End of the road for Roadrunner March 29, 2013 Once the World's Fastest Supercomputer; Central to the Success of Stockpile Stewardship LOS ALAMOS, N. M., March 29, 2013-Roadrunner, the first supercomputer to break the once-elusive petaflop barrier-one million billion calculations per second-will be decommissioned on Sunday, March 31. During its five operational years, Roadrunner, part of the National Nuclear Security Administration's Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program to provide key computer simulations for the Stockpile Stewardship Program, was a workhorse system providing computing power for stewardship of the U.S. nuclear deterrent, and in its early shakedown phase, a wide variety of unclassified science. The IBM system achieved petaflop speed in 2008, shortly after installation at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

12

Scientists use world's fastest computer to simulate nanoscale...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale material failure Scientists use world's fastest computer to simulate nanoscale material failure With this new tool, scientists can better study what nanowires do under...

13

Scientists use world's fastest computer to model materials under...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials under extreme conditions Scientists use world's fastest computer to model materials under extreme conditions Materials scientists are for the first time attempting to...

14

Sequoia Ranked as Fastest Supercomputer in the World  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

With 1.6 million cores and 1.6 petabytes of memory, Sequoia takes the title for the fastest supercomputer on the planet.

15

NNSA's Sequoia Ranks as Fastest Supercomputer in World | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Sequoia Ranks as Fastest Supercomputer in World | National Nuclear Sequoia Ranks as Fastest Supercomputer in World | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA's Sequoia Ranks as Fastest Supercomputer in World NNSA's Sequoia Ranks as Fastest Supercomputer in World Posted By Office of Public Affairs NNSA Sequoia, a supercomputer built for NNSA, has been named the fastest in the

16

United States Regains Lead with World's Fastest Supercomputer |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Regains Lead with World's Fastest Supercomputer United States Regains Lead with World's Fastest Supercomputer United States Regains Lead with World's Fastest Supercomputer June 18, 2012 - 2:02pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that a supercomputer called Sequoia at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, California, received the rank of the world's most powerful computing system. The Top500 list, which annually ranks the world's fastest supercomputers, released its list at the International Supercomputing Conference (ISC12) in Hamburg, Germany on Monday, June 18. Supercomputers at four other Department of Energy national laboratories ranked in the top 20: Mira at Argonne National Laboratory in Argonne, Illinois, ranked third; Jaguar at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak

17

United States Regains Lead with World's Fastest Supercomputer |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Regains Lead with World's Fastest Supercomputer United States Regains Lead with World's Fastest Supercomputer United States Regains Lead with World's Fastest Supercomputer June 18, 2012 - 2:02pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that a supercomputer called Sequoia at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, California, received the rank of the world's most powerful computing system. The Top500 list, which annually ranks the world's fastest supercomputers, released its list at the International Supercomputing Conference (ISC12) in Hamburg, Germany on Monday, June 18. Supercomputers at four other Department of Energy national laboratories ranked in the top 20: Mira at Argonne National Laboratory in Argonne, Illinois, ranked third; Jaguar at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak

18

Oak Ridge 'Jaguar' Supercomputer is World's Fastest | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oak Ridge 'Jaguar' Supercomputer is World's Fastest Oak Ridge 'Jaguar' Supercomputer is World's Fastest Oak Ridge 'Jaguar' Supercomputer is World's Fastest November 16, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC -An upgrade to a Cray XT5 high-performance computing system deployed by the Department of Energy has made the "Jaguar" supercomputer the world's fastest. Located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Jaguar is the scientific research community's most powerful computational tool for exploring solutions to some of today's most difficult problems. The upgrade, funded with $19.9 million under the Recovery Act, will enable scientific simulations for exploring solutions to climate change and the development of new energy technologies. "Supercomputer modeling and simulation is changing the face of science and

19

FASTEST MIXING MARKOV CHAIN ON GRAPHS WITH SYMMETRIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how to exploit symmetries of a graph to efficiently compute the fastest mixing Markov chain on the graph (i.e., find the transition probabilities on the edges to minimize the second-largest eigenvalue modulus of ...

Xiao, Lin

20

DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science DOE's Oak Ridge Supercomputer Now World's Fastest for Open Science November 10, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis OAK RIDGE, Tenn. -- The latest upgrade to the Cray XT Jaguar supercomputer at the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has increased the system's computing power to a peak 1.64 "petaflops," or quadrillion mathematical calculations per second, making Jaguar the world's first petaflop system dedicated to open research. Scientists have already used the newly upgraded Jaguar to complete an unprecedented superconductivity calculation that achieved a sustained performance of more than 1.3 petaflops. "Jaguar is one of science's newest and most formidable tools for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Firm Uses DOE?s Fastest Supercomputer to Streamline Long-Haul Trucks  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Sophisticated simulation on the world?s fastest computer for science makes trucks more aerodynamic, saves fuel, helps environment.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

22

Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to explore magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supercomputer to explore magnetic reconnection Supercomputer to explore magnetic reconnection Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to explore magnetic reconnection The focus is to understand the three-dimensional evolution of thin electrical current layers where magnetic reconnection initially develops. October 30, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy

23

Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to model origins of the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Origins of the unseen universe Origins of the unseen universe Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to model origins of the unseen universe The model aims to look at galaxy-scale mass concentrations above and beyond quantities seen in state-of-the-art sky surveys. October 26, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

24

Scientists use world's fastest computer to understand nonlinear physics of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nonlinear physics of high-power lasers Nonlinear physics of high-power lasers Scientists use world's fastest computer to understand nonlinear physics of high-power lasers To achieve fusion scientists must put as much laser energy on target as possible. October 28, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact

25

The Five Fastest Supercomputers at the National Labs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Five Fastest Supercomputers at the National Labs The Five Fastest Supercomputers at the National Labs The Five Fastest Supercomputers at the National Labs Addthis Titan 1 of 5 Titan Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Titan has a theoretical peak performance of more than 20 petaflops, or more than 20 quadrillion calculations per second. This will enable researchers across the scientific arena, from materials to climate change to astrophysics, to acquire unparalleled accuracy in their simulations and achieve research breakthroughs more rapidly than ever before. Titan is currently the second fastest supercomputer in the world. Image: Courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Sequoia 2 of 5 Sequoia Sequoia is a 20 petaflop, that is 20 quadrillion floating point operations per second, IBM BlueGene/Q system at Lawrence Livermore National

26

'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise at NNSS | National Nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise at NNSS | National Nuclear 'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise at NNSS | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > 'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise ... 'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise at NNSS Posted By Office of Public Affairs NNSA Blog As part of the project to translocate 60 desert tortoises to the

27

'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise at NNSS | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise at NNSS | National Nuclear 'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise at NNSS | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > 'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise ... 'Scurry' selected as name of fastest tortoise at NNSS Posted By Office of Public Affairs NNSA Blog As part of the project to translocate 60 desert tortoises to the

28

U.S. Department of Energy's New Supercomputer is Fastest in the World |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Supercomputer is Fastest in the New Supercomputer is Fastest in the World U.S. Department of Energy's New Supercomputer is Fastest in the World June 9, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis Computer Breaks One Petaflop Barrier WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced that the new Roadrunner supercomputer is the first to achieve a petaflop of sustained performance. Roadrunner will be used by the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to perform calculations that vastly improve the ability to certify that the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile is reliable without conducting underground nuclear tests. "This enormous accomplishment is the most recent example of how the U.S. Department of Energy's world-renowned supercomputers are strengthening

29

Cotton Growing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cotton Growing Cotton Growing Name: anna Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Hi, My name is Anna, and I live in southern Maryland. Everybody i ask says I'm crazy or they don't have a clue about growing cotton. I believe any thing is possible. I would love to grow some not as a crop because i dont have that much room. But ihave even gone to places like SouthernStates and they can't hlep me even find seeds or whatever it is you plant. If yu could please tell me how to get some, along with maybe some instruction to grow it. I would be mighty obliged, Well Thank You Kindly For any help. P.S. please don't tell me you can't grow cotton in Maryland. L, Anna Replies: Dear Anna, The following may be useful: http://muextension.missouri.edu/xplor/agguides/crops/g04268.htm

30

New Titan Supercomputer Named Fastest in the World | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11:04am 11:04am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu today announced that Titan, a new supercomputer located at the Energy Department's Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, has been named the world's most powerful according to the TOP500 list of the world's fastest supercomputers. Ten times more powerful than its predecessor, the Jaguar system, Titan will provide unprecedented power to accelerate scientific discoveries using technologies first developed for video game systems like Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3. The Department now has five systems out of the fastest 20 in the world, with Sequoia at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, California, in second place; Mira at Argonne National Laboratory in

31

A universally fastest algorithm for Max 2-Sat, Max 2-CSP, and everything in between  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce "hybrid" Max 2-CSP formulas consisting of "simple clauses", namely conjunctions and disjunctions of pairs of variables, and general 2-variable clauses, which can be any integer-valued functions of pairs of boolean variables. This allows an algorithm to use both efficient reductions specific to AND and OR clauses, and other powerful reductions that require the general CSP setting. We use new reductions introduced here, and recent reductions such as "clause-learning" and "2-reductions" generalized to our setting's mixture of simple and general clauses. Parametrizing an instance by the fraction p of non-simple clauses, we give an exact (exponential-time) algorithm that is the fastest known polynomial-space algorithm for p=0 (which includes the well-studied Max 2-Sat problem but also instances with arbitrary mixtures of AND and OR clauses); the only efficient algorithm for mixtures of AND, OR, and general integer-valued clauses; and tied for fastest for general Max 2-CSP (p=1). Since a ...

Gaspers, Serge

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Implementation of the Loveland FASTEST reg sign automated process instrument calibration system  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Plant, operated by E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company for the United States Department of Energy, has successfully implemented the use of a computer-based calibration and testing system for process instrumentation. The Loveland Controls CO. FASTEST system consists of a personal computer with an instrument record database which is interfaced to portable calibrators. Calibration procedures and instrument calibration specifications are downloaded from the database into the microprocessor-controlled calibrators to provide computer-paced testing and calibration of the process instruments. The As-Found/As-Left test results are automatically recorded by the calibrators and uploaded back to the database. This provides a detailed historical record of test results and a graphical display of instrument performances which are accessed through the computer-generated reports. Use of the Loveland FASTEST system in the Separations Program has benefited Production, Technical, Maintenance, and Quality departments. The system allows for better control of the process and provide an estimated annual cost savings of $200,000 through minimized paperwork and reduced calibration time and personnel requirements.

Walther, C.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

IRAS 18113-2503: the water fountain with the fastest jet?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) water maser observations at 22 GHz toward the source IRAS 18113-2503. Maser components span over a very high velocity range of ~500 km/s, the second largest found in a Galactic maser, only surpassed by the high-mass star forming region W49N. Maser components are grouped into a blue and a redshifted cluster, separated by 0.12". Further mid-IR and radio data suggest that IRAS 18113-2503 is a post-AGB star, thus a new bona fide member of the rare class of "water fountains". It is the evolved object with the largest total velocity spread in its water masers, and with the highest velocity dispersion within its red- and blue-shifted lobes (~170 km/s). The large total velocity range of emission probably indicates that IRAS 18113-2503 has the fastest jet among the known water fountain stars. On the other hand, the remarkably high velocity dispersion within each lobe may be interpreted in terms of shocks produced by an episode of mass ejection whose velocity increased up to ...

Gomez, Jose F; Suarez, Olga; Miranda, Luis F; Guerrero, Martin A; Ramos-Larios, Gerardo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Abstract--Wind energy is the fastest growing source of renewable energy in the power industry and it will continue to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of upgrade expense and minimal power-quality impacts. A number of single wind turbines and clusters estimated to be 1/2 cent/kWh.6,7 7 Large, utility-grade wind turbines can't be installed on the distribution (long lines with thin wires and few customers--maybe even single- phase), this can be true. However

Tolbert, Leon M.

35

Growing tissue in the lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

tissue in the lab tissue in the lab Name: mike s Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How do Scientists grow new tissue cells in the lab? Replies: I'm not quite sure what you mean by "new" cells. Several kinds of cell growing are done. One way is to break an organ or tissue apart into its individual cells and grow them in a medium of nutrients, controlled temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide/oxygen. This is called "primary culture" because the cells come right out of an organism. Another method is to create an "immortal cell line". This is a type of cell isolated from a cancerous tumor, or a non-tumor cell which is infected with a cancer gene after it's isolated. Being cancerous, these cells grow forever in a dish, with the appropriate nutrients etc as long as you remove cells from time to time to prevent overcrowding. These cells can be frozen at about -100F forever and rethawed when needed. There is a library of frozen cells, thousands of types, and a catalog. Scientists can order what they need any time! Finally, you can make specific mutant cell lines by starting as above with an immortal cell, and inserting a specific gene (or deleting one) permanently from the DNA of the cell to change almost any property you want. So there it is.

36

How do plants grow?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How do plants grow? How do plants grow? Name: Sally McCombs Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: A 4th grade class at our school is doing plant research and would like to know if plants grow from the top up or from the bottom up? Thanks for your help! Replies: Plants grow from the top up (or from the bottom down, in the case of root growth). Right at the tip, more cells form by division, and just behind that is an area where cells get bigger). More amazing than all of this is where your question comes from. I went to 4th grade there!!! Amazing, Just after the school was built, I think, maybe around 1959 to about early 1960's. Then I moved on to St. Pete High School, then my parents got jobs in Alabama, where I did the last year of High School. Then onto college in New England, graduate school in California, a research job in England, and now finally as a professor at the University of Washington in Seattle. Brings back memories...

37

Mitigation, Adaptation, Uncertainty -- Growing Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UrbanLab is Sarah Dunn + Martin Felsen, with Lee Greenberg,Growing Water Martin Felsen and Sarah Dunn The Growing Water

Felsen, Martin; Dunn, Sarah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Stability of growing vesicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the stability of growing vesicles using the formalism of nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The vesicles are growing due to the accretion of lipids to the bilayer which forms the vesicle membrane. The thermodynamic description is based on the hydrodynamics of a water{/}lipid mixture together with a model of the vesicle as a discontinuous system in the sense of linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics. This formulation allows the forces and fluxes relevant to the dynamic stability of the vesicle to be identified. The method is used to analyze the stability of a spherical vesicle against arbitrary axisymmetric perturbations. It is found that there are generically two critical radii at which changes of stability occur. In the case where the perturbation takes the form of a single zonal harmonic, only one of these radii is physical and is given by the ratio $2 L_p / L_\\gamma$, where $L_p$ is the hydraulic conductivity and $L_\\gamma$ is the Onsager coefficient related to changes in membrane area due to lipid accretion. The stability of such perturbations is related to the value of $l$ corresponding to the particular zonal harmonic: those with lower $l$ are more unstable than those with higher $l$. Possible extensions of the current work and the need for experimental input are discussed.

Richard G. Morris; Alan J. McKane

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

How plants grow toward light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How plants grow toward light How plants grow toward light Name: schwobtj Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: When a seed is planted below the surface of the ground, how does it "know" to grow toward the light? Replies: Plants don't know where the light is, they do respond to gravity. Since light is usually up, a plant seed grows up and finds light enough to keep things going. Psych One way that plants below ground can tell which way is up is with the use of STATOLITHS. Statoliths are dense pieces of material that settle to the bottom of a STATOCYST. In plants, pieces of starch or another material denser than water will settle to the bottom of the cell. Somehow the plant cell determines on what side the statolith has fallen, and then somehow relays a message (probably a chemical) that tells the bottom cells to grow faster than the top cells, therefore causing upward growth. There is still quite a lot of mystery in there to be discovered. I got this explanation from BIOLOGY by Neil Campbell. This is similar to the way in which plants use chemical signals to help them grow towards light.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

International LNG trade : the emergence of a short-term market; International liquefied natural gas trade : the emergence of a short-term market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Natural gas is estimated to be the fastest growing component of world primary energy consumption. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) supply chain is a way of… (more)

Athanasopoulos, Panagiotis G

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Crosslinked polyimide hollow fiber membranes for aggressive natural gas feed streams .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Natural gas is one of the fastest growing primary energy sources in the world today. The increasing world demand for energy requires increased production of… (more)

Omole, Imona C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

International Energy Outlook - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas International Energy Outlook 2004 Natural Gas Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO2004 forecast. Consumption of natural gas is projected...

44

Grow NJ (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grow NJ (New Jersey) Grow NJ (New Jersey) Eligibility Commercial Savings For Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization...

45

Silicon crystal growing by oscillating crucible technique  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for growing silicon crystals from a molten melt comprising oscillating the container during crystal growth is disclosed.

Schwuttke, G.H.; Kim, K.M.; Smetana, P.

1983-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

46

Growing Nanowires Horizontally Yields New Benefit: 'Nano ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growing Nanowires Horizontally Yields New Benefit: 'Nano-LEDs'. ... Optical microscope image of “nano LEDs” emitting light. ...

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

47

Forecast Technical Document Growing Stock Volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Growing Stock Volume Forecasts A document describing how growing stock (`standing') volume is handled in the 2011 Production Forecast. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Growing stock volume forecasts Background A forecast of standing volume (or

48

Scientists Classify Forest Disturbances to Grow Understanding...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists Classify Forest Disturbances to Grow Understanding of Climate Change Daniel Hayes, shown here outside of Nome, Alaska, traveled to the Arctic in June to study climate...

49

Only tough choices in Meeting growing demand  

SciTech Connect

U.S. electricity demand is not growing very fast by international or historical standards. Yet meeting this relatively modest growth is proving difficult because investment in new capacity is expected to grow at an even slower pace. What is more worrisome is that a confluence of factors has added considerable uncertainties, making the investment community less willing to make the long-term commitments that will be needed during the coming decade.

NONE

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

Renewable energy has political support, room to grow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Renewable energy sources enjoy growing political support and have plenty of room to grow in the worldwide energy mix. And grow they will, according to most projections. The US Energy Information Administration`s (EIA`s) International Energy Outlook 1997 says consumption of hydroelectricity and other renewables will increase by 56% during 1995--2015. The renewable share of the total energy mix will remain at about current levels, however. The EIA projection includes only renewable fuels used in the generation of electricity. It therefore excludes most biomass energy. Despite the importance of biomass energy, data on consumption of it are sparse. IEA estimates that in the industrialized world, the biomass share of primary energy consumption amounts to 3.5%. Also excluded from EIA`s projection because of insufficiency of data are dispersed renewables, a category that includes energy consumed at the site of production, such as solar panels used for water heating. This paper discusses regional trends, North American activity, Western Europe, Asian developments, and the rest of the world.

NONE

1997-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

51

Green Button Initiative Growing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Button Initiative Growing Green Button Initiative Growing Green Button Initiative Growing May 17, 2013 - 1:17pm Addthis The Green Button initiative, which is the common-sense idea that electricity customers should be able to securely download their own energy usage information from their utility websites, is continuing to gain traction across the country. In the May 1 issue of PowerGrid International, OE's smart grid standards and interoperability coordinator Chris Irwin discusses the growth of Green Button. This initiative to enable energy innovation is part of a comprehensive grid modernization strategy to move the nation to a cleaner, more secure energy future. Addthis Related Articles At the White House Energy Datapalooza in October 2012, developers showcased new apps that help consumers harness and interpret their energy use data. The expanding Green Button movement will make apps like these more ubiquitous. | Photo by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department.

52

Prealloyed catalyst for growing silicon carbide whiskers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A prealloyed metal catalyst is used to grow silicon carbide whiskers, especially in the .beta. form. Pretreating the metal particles to increase the weight percentages of carbon or silicon or both carbon and silicon allows whisker growth to begin immediately upon reaching growth temperature.

Shalek, Peter D. (Los Alamos, NM); Katz, Joel D. (Niagara Falls, NY); Hurley, George F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving energy savings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving energy savings for electronic equipment operating in low power modes Title Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving...

54

Modeling wealth distribution in growing markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce an auto-regressive model which captures the growing nature of realistic markets. In our model agents do not trade with other agents, they interact indirectly only through a market. Change of their wealth depends, linearly on how much they invest, and stochastically on how much they gain from the noisy market. The average wealth of the market could be fixed or growing. We show that in a market where investment capacity of agents differ, average wealth of agents generically follow the Pareto-law. In few cases, the individual distribution of wealth of every agent could also be obtained exactly. We also show that the underlying dynamics of other well studied kinetic models of markets can be mapped to the dynamics of our auto-regressive model.

Urna Basu; P. K. Mohanty

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

55

Quantum grow—A quantum dynamics sampling approach for growing potential energy surfaces and nonadiabatic couplings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A quantum sampling algorithm for the interpolation of diabatic potential energy matrices by the Grow method is introduced. The new procedure benefits from penetration of the wave packet into classically forbidden regions

Oded Godsi; Michael A. Collins; Uri Peskin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

International LNG trade : the emergence of a short-term market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural gas is estimated to be the fastest growing component of world primary energy consumption. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) supply chain is a way of transporting natural gas over seas, by following a procedure of gas ...

Athanasopoulos, Panagiotis G

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Canastota`  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distinct male cultivar of Salix sachalinensis.times.S. miyabeana named `Canastota`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 2.7-fold more woody biomass than its female parent (Salix sachalinensis `SX61`), 28% greater woody biomass yield than its male parent (Salix miyabeana `SX64`), and 20% greater woody biomass yield than a standard production cultivar, Salix dasyclados `SV1` when grown in the same field for the same length of time (two growing seasons after coppice) in Tully, N.Y. `Canastota` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. `Canastota` displays a low incidence of rust disease or damage by willow sawfly.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Turkey opens electricity markets as demand grows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turkey's growing power market has attracted investors and project developers for over a decade, yet their plans have been dashed by unexpected political or financial crises or, worse, obstructed by a lengthy bureaucratic approval process. Now, with a more transparent retail electricity market, government regulators and investors are bullish on Turkey. Is Turkey ready to turn the power on? This report closely examine Turkey's plans to create a power infrastructure capable of providing the reliable electricity supplies necessary for sustained economic growth. It was compiled with on-the-ground research and extensive interview with key industrial and political figures. Today, hard coal and lignite account for 21% of Turkey's electricity generation and gas-fired plants account for 50%. The Alfin Elbistan-B lignite-fired plant has attracted criticism for its lack of desulfurization units and ash dam facilities that have tarnished the industry's image. A 1,100 MW hard-coal fired plant using supercritical technology is under construction. 9 figs., 1 tab.

McKeigue, J.; Da Cunha, A.; Severino, D. [Global Business Reports (United States)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Cultivation of fast-growing hardwoods  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The intensive culture of hybrid poplar has received in-depth study as part of the Fast-Growing Hardwood Program. Research has concentrated on short-rotation intensive culture systems. Specific studies and operations included establishing and maintaining a nursery/cutting orchard, installing clone-site trials in central and southern New York State and initiating studies of no-till site preparation, nutrient utilization efficiency, wood quality and soil solution chemistry. The nursery/cutting orchard was used to provide material for various research plantings and as a genotype repository. Clone- site trials results showed that hybrid poplar growth potential was affected by clone type and was related to inherent soil-site conditions. No-till techniques were shown to be successful in establishing hybrid poplar in terms of survival and growth when compared to conventional clean tillage and/or no competition control, and can be considered for use on sites that are particularly prone to erosion. Nutrient use efficiency was significantly affected by clone type, and should be a consideration when selecting clones for operational planting if fertilization is to be effectively and efficiently used. Wood quality differed among clones with site condition and tree age inferred as important factors. Soil solution chemistry was minimally affected by intensive cultural practices with no measured adverse effect on soil water quality. Generally, results of these studies showed that appropriate hybrid poplar clones grown in short-rotation intensively cultured systems can be used successfully in New York State if proper site conditions exist and appropriate establishment and maintenance techniques are used. 37 refs., 4 figs., 22 tabs.

White, E.H.; Abrahamson, L.P. (State Univ. of New York, Syracuse, NY (United States). Coll. of Environmental Science and Forestry)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

On carbon footprints and growing energy use  

SciTech Connect

Could fractional reductions in the carbon footprint of a growing organization lead to a corresponding real reduction in atmospheric CO{sub 2} emissions in the next ten years? Curtis M. Oldenburg, head of the Geologic Carbon Sequestration Program of LBNL’s Earth Sciences Division, considers his own organization's carbon footprint and answers this critical question? In addressing the problem of energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change, it is essential that we understand which activities are producing GHGs and the scale of emission for each activity, so that reduction efforts can be efficiently targeted. The GHG emissions to the atmosphere of an individual or group are referred to as the ‘carbon footprint’. This terminology is entirely appropriate, because 85% of the global marketed energy supply comes from carbon-rich fossil fuel sources whose combustion produces CO{sub 2}, the main GHG causing global climate change. Furthermore, the direct relation between CO2 emissions and fossil fuels as they are used today makes energy consumption a useful proxy for carbon footprint. It would seem to be a simple matter to reduce energy consumption across the board, both individually and collectively, to help reduce our carbon footprints and therefore solve the energyclimate crisis. But just how much can we reduce carbon footprints when broader forces, such as growth in energy use, cause the total footprint to simultaneously expand? In this feature, I present a calculation of the carbon footprint of the Earth Sciences Division (ESD), the division in which I work at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and discuss the potential for reducing this carbon footprint. It will be apparent that in terms of potential future carbon footprint reductions under projections of expected growth, ESD may be thought of as a microcosm of the situation of the world as a whole, in which alternatives to the business-as-usual use of fossil fuels are needed if absolute GHG emission reductions are to be achieved.

Oldenburg, C.M.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives and Policies Home > Groups > Utility Rate Graham7781's picture Submitted by...

62

NREL: Wind Research - Providing Incentives to Help Grow Small...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Providing Incentives to Help Grow Small Wind: Wind Powering America Lessons Learned February 25, 2013 Wind Powering America asked Mark Mayhew, small wind program manager for the...

63

Primary enzyme quantitation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to the quantitation of a primary enzyme concentration by utilizing a substrate for the primary enzyme labeled with a second enzyme which is an indicator enzyme. Enzyme catalysis of the substrate occurs and results in release of the indicator enzyme in an amount directly proportional to the amount of primary enzyme present. By quantifying the free indicator enzyme one determines the amount of primary enzyme present.

Saunders, G.C.

1982-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

64

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Illinois Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program encourages companies to remain, expand, or locate in Illinois. The program provides tax credits to qualifying companies equal to the amount of state income taxes withheld from salaries for newly created jobs. A company must

65

Maine Company Growing with Weatherization Work | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maine Company Growing with Weatherization Work Maine Company Growing with Weatherization Work Maine Company Growing with Weatherization Work January 5, 2010 - 2:15pm Addthis BIOSAFE Environmental Services Inc. touts itself as a leader in lead and asbestos removal and has worked for more than a decade making homes hazard-free. So it came as a surprise to Mark Coleman, president and founder of BIOSAFE, when in 2003 he received an interesting proposal from Maine's regional community action programs. "They realized we had talent in . . . lead abatement and home repair and approached us about expanding into weatherization," he said. Mark welcomed the chance to collaborate with the community action groups to grow the business and offer employment to out-of-work individuals, he says. "We saw an opportunity to create job growth through federal funding and

66

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Industrial Construction Retail Supplier Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Indiana Economic Development Corporation The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit is awarded to businesses with projects that result in net new jobs. The tax credit must be a major factor in the company's decision to move forward with the project in Indiana. The refundable tax credit is calculated as a percentage of the expected increased tax withholdings generated from the new jobs. The

67

Hanford Grows Young Minds Through Site Tours | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford Grows Young Minds Through Site Tours Hanford Grows Young Minds Through Site Tours Hanford Grows Young Minds Through Site Tours June 3, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis John Britton, with Office of River Protection contractor Washington River Protection Solutions, explains the Hanford tank waste program to Western Washington University students in a recent tour of the Hanford site. John Britton, with Office of River Protection contractor Washington River Protection Solutions, explains the Hanford tank waste program to Western Washington University students in a recent tour of the Hanford site. RICHLAND, Wash. - It is harvest season for cherries, raspberries and rhubarb in Washington state. But employees at the Hanford site are helping grow the young minds of the nation's future science, technology,

68

Idaho Cleanup Project grows its workforce to complete ARRA work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Idaho Cleanup Project grows its workforce to complete ARRA work CWI President and CEO John Fulton greets newly hired ICP employees at a June orientation session in Idaho Falls....

69

Tropospheric Static Stability and Central North American Growing Season Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the relation between tropospheric static stability and central North American growing season (May–August) rainfall for the highly contrasting years of 1975. 1976, and 1979. It uses two extensive sets of meteorological data ...

Randy A. Peppler; Peter J. Lamb

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

System development & validation process for emerging growing organizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis has the main purpose of presenting the Development and Validation phase of the product development system from the point of view of an emerging and growing product development organization, denoting the obstacles ...

Almazán López, José Antonio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

primary frequency standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST-F1 Cesium Fountain Atomic Clock The Primary Time and Frequency Standard for the United States. NIST-F1, the nation's ...

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

72

Education research Primary Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Education research Primary Science Survey Report December 2011 #12;Primary Science Survey Report, Wellcome Trust 1 Background In May 2009 Key Stage 2 science SATs (Standard Assessment Tests) were abolished fiasco might occur, where the results were delayed and their quality questioned. The loss of science SATs

Rambaut, Andrew

73

Better Buildings Challenge Continues to Grow | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Better Buildings Challenge Continues to Grow Better Buildings Challenge Continues to Grow Better Buildings Challenge Continues to Grow June 18, 2012 - 9:49am Addthis Heather Zichal, Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change, at the 23rd Annual Energy Efficiency Forum in Washington, D.C. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Efficiency Forum. Heather Zichal, Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change, at the 23rd Annual Energy Efficiency Forum in Washington, D.C. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Efficiency Forum. Maria Tikoff Vargas Director, Department of Energy Better Buildings Challenge What are the key facts? The Better Buildings Challenge helps America's commercial and industrial buildings become 20 percent more efficient over the next decade. Last week, at the 23rd Annual Energy Efficiency Forum, six new

74

The Growing Web of Open Data | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data September 26, 2012 - 10:57am Addthis NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Across the federal government, Open Data Initiatives aim to "liberate" government data to empower entrepreneurs, improve the lives of Americans, and create jobs. An example of this process is the way that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration makes weather data freely available for download by anyone. This open data has been used to improve weather newscasts, mobile applications, websites, and even insurance plans.

75

The Growing Web of Open Data | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data September 26, 2012 - 10:57am Addthis NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Across the federal government, Open Data Initiatives aim to "liberate" government data to empower entrepreneurs, improve the lives of Americans, and create jobs. An example of this process is the way that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration makes weather data freely available for download by anyone. This open data has been used to improve weather newscasts, mobile applications, websites, and even insurance plans.

76

Northern Virginia Grows Local Energy Business | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northern Virginia Grows Local Energy Business Northern Virginia Grows Local Energy Business Northern Virginia Grows Local Energy Business January 7, 2010 - 1:08pm Addthis Kristan Castro weatherizes a northern Virginia home. | Photo courtesy EDGE Energy Kristan Castro weatherizes a northern Virginia home. | Photo courtesy EDGE Energy Joshua DeLung What does this mean for me? American taxpayers can benefit from the Residential Energy Property Credit (Section 1121) that increases the energy tax credit for homeowners' energy-efficiency improvements to their existing homes. It didn't take long for Kristan Castro to be convinced of the benefits of performing energy audits on homes and weatherizing them to improve their energy efficiency. He's been in the remodeling business for about 13 years, but it wasn't until this year that he decided to join a team that

77

Growing bubbles in a slightly supersaturated liquid solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have designed and constructed an experimental system to study gas bubble growth in slightly supersatu- rated liquids. This is achieved by working with carbon dioxide dissolved in water, pressurized at a maximum of 1 MPa and applying a small pressure drop from saturation conditions. Bubbles grow from hydrophobic cavities etched on silicon wafers, which allows us to control their number and position. Hence, the experiment can be used to investigate the interaction among bubbles growing in close proximity when the main mass transfer mechanism is diffusion and there is a limited availability of the dissolved species.

Enríquez, Oscar R; Bruggert, Gert-Wim; Lohse, Detlef; Prosperetti, Andrea; van der Meer, Devaraj; Sun, Chao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Greater fuel diversity needed to meet growing US electricity demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity demand is growing in the USA. One way to manage the uncertainty is to diversity fuel sources. Fuel sources include coal, natural gas, nuclear and renewable energy sources. Tables show actual and planned generation projects by fuel types. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Burt, B.; Mullins, S. [Industrial Info Resources (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

POFGEC: growing neural network of classifying potential function generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose an architecture and learning algorithm for a growing neural network. Drawing inspiration from the idea of electrical potentials, we develop a classifier based on a set of synthesised potential fields over the domain of input ... Keywords: classification rules, electrical potentials, kernels, neural networks, potential function generators, potential functions

Natacha Gueorguieva; Iren Valova; Georgi Georgiev

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

HEAT THAT GROWS ON TREES Short description of timber energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEAT THAT GROWS ON TREES 6 Short description of timber energy · Along with hydro-electric power, wood is Switzerland's most important energy source. · Wood is CO2-neutral: in sustainably managed, a balance is maintained between growth and combustion). · Wood energy represents a welcome potential use

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Temperature Dependence of Static Charging in Ice Growing by Riming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Charge transfer between colliding ice particles is measured using a wind tunnel inside a cold room. A cylinder growing by riming in a wind tunnel was used as a target for collisions between 5 and 6 m s?1 with ice spheres of 100-µm diameter. The ...

Eldo E. Avila; Guillermo G. Aguirre Varela; Giorgio M. Caranti

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Net Primary Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 study sites, plus a worldwide data set, have been added to the global terrestrial Net Primary Production (NPP) reference database. The NPP database has been compiled by Dick...

83

Optimal Management of Renewable Resources with Growing Demand and Stock Externalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAi\\IAGEMEJ. 'n' OF RENEWABLE RESOURCES WIlli GROWING DEMANDapproximation, the problem of a renewable resource is: -f" (MA. ? \\IAGEMENl' OF RENEWABLE RESOURCES WIlli GROWING

Berck, Peter

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

SAR Imagery Segmentation by Statistical Region Growing and Hierarchical Merging  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an approach to accomplish synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image segmentation, which are corrupted by speckle noise. Some ordinary segmentation techniques may require speckle filtering previously. Our approach performs radar image segmentation using the original noisy pixels as input data, eliminating preprocessing steps, an advantage over most of the current methods. The algorithm comprises a statistical region growing procedure combined with hierarchical region merging to extract regions of interest from SAR images. The region growing step over-segments the input image to enable region aggregation by employing a combination of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test with a hierarchical stepwise optimization (HSWO) algorithm for the process coordination. We have tested and assessed the proposed technique on artificially speckled image and real SAR data containing different types of targets.

Ushizima, Daniela Mayumi; Carvalho, E.A.; Medeiros, F.N.S.; Martins, C.I.O.; Marques, R.C.P.; Oliveira, I.N.S.

2010-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

85

Process for growing silicon carbide whiskers by undercooling  

SciTech Connect

A method of growing silicon carbide whiskers, especially in the .beta. form, using a heating schedule wherein the temperature of the atmosphere in the growth zone of a furnace is first heated to or beyond the growth temperature and then is cooled to or below the growth temperature to induce nucleation of whiskers at catalyst sites at a desired point in time which results in the selection.

Shalek, Peter D. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Primary Radiation Damage Formation  

SciTech Connect

The physical processes that give rise to changes in the microstructure, and the physical and mechanical properties of materials exposed to energetic particles are initiated by essentially elastic collisions between atoms in what has been called an atomic displacement cascade. The formation and evolution of this primary radiation damage mechanism are described to provide an overview of how stable defects are formed by displacement cascades, as well as the nature and morphology of the defects themselves. The impact of the primary variables cascade energy and irradiation temperature are discussed, along with a range of secondary factors that can influence damage formation.

Stoller, Roger E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

The Five Fastest Supercomputers at the National Labs | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercomputers' Pictorial Superpowers How the Smart Grid Helps Homeowners Reduce Their Energy Use EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 Students Earn Street Cred With the...

88

The Five Fastest Supercomputers at the National Labs | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

What&039;s your energypledge? What's your EnergyPledge? 1. Secretary Chu at the Detroit Auto Show Snapshots of the Year in Energy: 12 Awesome Photos from 2012 Day 12: Drive...

89

The Five Fastest Supercomputers at the National Labs | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fleets: An Infographic Turning Bacteria into Fuel 2012 ARPA-E Technology Showcase LED Lighting on the National Mall Detroit Auto Show 2012 Federal Energy Management Trade Show...

90

NNSA's Sequoia Ranks as Fastest Supercomputer in World | National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA...

91

Fastest Electropolishing Technique on Niobium for Particle Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Field emission on the inner surfaces of niobium (Nb) superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities is still one of the major obstacles for reaching high accelerating gradients for SRF community. Our previous experimental results [1] seemed to imply that the threshold of field emission was related to the thickness of Nb surface oxide layers. In this contribution, a more detailed study on the influences of the surface oxide layers on the field emission on Nb surfaces will be reported. By anodization technique, the thickness of the surface pentoxide layer was artificially fabricated from 3nm up to 460nm. A home-made scanning field emission microscope (SFEM) was employed to perform the scans on the surfaces. Emitters were characterized using a scanning electron microscope together with an energy dispersive x-ray analyzer. The experimental results could be understood by a simple model calculation based on classic electromagnetic theory as shown in Ref.1. Possibly implications for Nb SRF cavity applications from this study will be discussed.

A.T. Wu, S. Jin, R.A. Rimmer, X.Y. Lu, K. Zhao

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to create the largest...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

physics and new materials. Contact Kevin Roark Communications Office (505) 665-9202 Email Mapping Darwinian evolutionary relationships results in an HIV family tree that may lead...

93

A Pilot Plant: The Fastest Path to Commercial Fusion Energy  

SciTech Connect

Considerable effort has been dedicated to determining the possible properties of a magneticconfinement fusion power plant, particularly in the U.S.1, Europe2 and Japan3. There has also been some effort to detail the development path to fusion energy, particularly in the U.S.4 Only limited attention has been given, in Japan5 and in China6, to the options for a specific device to form the bridge from the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, ITER, to commercial fusion energy. Nor has much attention been paid, since 2003, to the synergies between magnetic and inertial fusion energy development. Here we consider, at a very high level, the possibility of a Qeng ? 1 Pilot Plant, with linear dimensions ~ 2/3 the linear dimensions of a commercial fusion power plant, as the needed bridge. As we examine the R&D needs for such a system we find significant synergies between the needs for the development of magnetic and inertial fusion energy.

Robert J. Goldston

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

94

Far East LPG sales will grow faster than in West  

SciTech Connect

LPG sales through 2010 in regions east of the Suez Canal (East of Suez) will grow at more than twice those in regions west of the canal. East-of-Suez sales will grow at more than 4.0%/year, compared to slightly less than 2.0%/year growth in sales West of Suez. East-of-Suez sales will reach 92 million tons/year (tpy) by 2010, accounting for 39% of the worldwide total. This share was 31% in1995 and only 27% in 1990. LPG sales worldwide will reach 192 million tons in 2000 and 243 million tpy by 2010. In 1995, they were 163 million tons. These are some of the major conclusions of a recent study by Frank R. Spadine, Christine Kozar, and Rudy Clark of New York City-based consultant Poten and Partners Inc. Details of the study are in the fall report ``World Trade in LPG 1990--2010``. This paper discusses demand segments, seaborne balance, Western sources, largest trading region, North American supplies, and other supplies.

1996-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

95

Growing Pains for New Energy-Saving Technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As we contemplate a revolution in the lighting industry, it is yet unclear in what form tomorrow's solid-state lighting will emerge. Similarly, photovoltaic (PV) power supplied on a utility scale may take a different form from today's flat-plate silicon modules. The success of the PV industry-now a multibillion dollar a year industry and growing at more than 25% per year-has largely come from integrating solar cells into other products. In many cases, this integration required the formation of new business entities. The solid-state lighting industry faces hurdles that are similar to those faced by the PV industry. Therefore, based on the experiences of the PV industry and others, we predict that the growing pains of the solid-state lighting industry will include: (1) identifying entry markets, (2) integrating light-emitting diodes into attractive products, (3) attaining high reliability for these products, and (4) increasing production of these products, thus lowering costs and opening up new markets. These activities must be implemented, keeping in mind that most consumers do not care about buying ''solid-state lighting'' and ''solar cells.'' Rather, they want to buy attractive lighting and inexpensive electricity.

Kurtz, S.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: April 20, 7: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on AddThis.com... Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older The median age of cars continues to grow in 2008 while the median age of

97

Scientists Classify Forest Disturbances to Grow Understanding of Climate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 SHARE Scientists Classify Forest Disturbances to Grow Understanding of Climate Change Daniel Hayes, shown here outside of Nome, Alaska, traveled to the Arctic in June to study climate change. Image credit: Santonu Goswami Daniel Hayes, shown here outside of Nome, Alaska, traveled to the Arctic in June to study climate change. Image credit: Santonu Goswami (hi-res image) This feature describes Oak Ridge National Laboratory research presented at the 98th annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America. The theme of the meeting, held Aug. 4-9 in Minnesota, is "Sustainable Pathways: Learning From the Past and Shaping the Future." Fire, logging, insects and extreme weather can wreak havoc on forests. With support from the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation,

98

COLLOQUIUM: Are Mushrooms the Next Polymers?: Growing Plastic Replacements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 20, 2013, 4:15pm to 6:30pm March 20, 2013, 4:15pm to 6:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Are Mushrooms the Next Polymers?: Growing Plastic Replacements with Fungi Mr. Gavin McIntyre Ecovative Design LLC Colloquium Committee: The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory 2013-2014 Colloquium Committee is comprised of the following people. Please feel free to contact them by e-mail regarding any possible speakers or topics for future colloquia. Carol Ann Austin caustin@pppl.gov John Greenwald, Chair jgreenwa@pppl.gov Charles H. Skinner cskinner@pppl.gov Daren Stotler dstotler@pppl.gov Carol Ann Austin 609-243-2484 Contact Information Coordinator(s): Ms. Carol Ann Austin caustin@pppl.gov Host(s): Ms. Kelsey Tresemer ktreseme@pppl.gov PPPL Entrance Procedures Visitor Information, Directions, Security at PPPL

99

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Tully Champion`  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.S. miyabeana named `Tully Champion`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 25% more woody biomass than two current production clones (Salix dasyclados `SV1` and Salix miyabeana `SX64`), more than 2.5-fold greater biomass than one of its parents (Salix miyabeana `SX67`), and nearly 3-fold more biomass than another production clone (Salix sacchalinensis, `SX61`) when grown in the same field for the same length of time (two growing seasons after coppice) in Tully, N.Y. `Tully Champion` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested repeatedly after two to four years of growth. `Tully Champion` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

100

Impacts of Climate Change on the Growing Season in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the effects of climate change on the vegetative growing season is key to quantifying future hydrologic water budget conditions. The U.S. Geological Survey modeled changes in future growing season length at 14 basins across 11 states. ...

Daniel E. Christiansen; Steven L. Markstrom; Lauren E. Hay

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Human Contribution to the Lengthening of the Growing Season during 1950–99  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing surface temperatures are expected to result in longer growing seasons. An optimal detection analysis is carried out to assess the significance of increases in the growing season length during 1950–99, and to measure the anthropogenic ...

Nikolaos Christidis; Peter A. Stott; Simon Brown; David J. Karoly; John Caesar

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Neustar White Paper: When Smart Grids Grow Smart Enough to Solve...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Solve Crimes Neustar White Paper: When Smart Grids Grow Smart Enough to Solve Crimes Smart Grid data access Neustar White Paper: When Smart Grids Grow Smart Enough to Solve...

103

Biotechnology and genetic optimization of fast-growing hardwoods  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A biotechnology research program was initiated to develop new clones of fast-growing Populus clones resistant to the herbicide glyphosate and resistant to the leaf-spot and canker disease caused by the fungus Septoria musiva. Glyphosate-resistant callus was selected from stem segments cultured in vitro on media supplemented with the herbicide. Plants were regenerated from the glyphosate-resistant callus tissue. A portion of plants reverted to a glyphosate susceptible phenotype during organogenesis. A biologically active filtrate was prepared from S. musiva and influenced fresh weight of Populus callus tissue. Disease-resistant plants were produced through somaclonal variation when shoots developed on stem internodes cultured in vitro. Plantlets were screened for disease symptoms after spraying with a suspension of fungal spores. A frequency of 0.83 percent variant production was observed. Genetically engineered plants were produced after treatment of plant tissue with Agrobacterium tumefasciens strains carrying plasmid genes for antibiotic resistance. Transformers were selected on media enriched with the antibiotic, kanamycin. Presence of foreign DNA was confirmed by Southern blot analysis. Protoplasts of popular were produced but did not regenerate into plant organs. 145 refs., 12 figs., 36 tabs.

Garton, S.; Syrkin-Wurtele, E.; Griffiths, H.; Schell, J.; Van Camp, L.; Bulka, K. (NPI, Salt Lake City, UT (United States))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Soviet Union oil sector outlook grows bleaker still  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the outlook for the U.S.S.R's oil sector which grows increasingly bleak and with it prospects for the Soviet economy. Plunging Soviet oil production and exports have analysts revising near term oil price outlooks, referring to the Soviet oil sector's self-destructing and Soviet oil production in a freefall. County NatWest, Washington, citing likely drops in Soviet oil production and exports (OGJ, Aug. 5, p. 16), has jumped its projected second half spot price for West Texas intermediate crude by about $2 to $22-23/bbl. Smith Barney, New York, forecasts WTI postings at $24-25/bbl this winter, largely because of seasonally strong world oil demand and the continued collapse in Soviet oil production. It estimates the call on oil from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries at more than 25 million b/d in first quarter 1992. That would be the highest level of demand for OPEC oil since 1980, Smith Barney noted.

Not Available

1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

105

Interest grows in African oil and gas opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As African countries continue a slow drift towards democratic government and market economics, the continent is increasingly attractive to international oil and gas companies. Though Africa remains politically diverse, and its volatile politics remains a major barrier to petroleum companies, a number of recent developments reflect its growing significance for the industry. Among recent projects and events reflecting changes in Africa: oil and gas exporter Algeria has invited foreign oil companies to help develop major gas discoveries, with a view to boosting exports to Europe; oil and gas producer Egypt invited foreign companies to explore in the Nile Delta region, and the result appears to be a flowering world scale gas play; west African offshore exploration has entered deep water and new areas, and a number of major projects are expected in years to come; Nigeria`s reputation as a difficult place to operate has been justified by recent political and civil events, but a long-planned liquefied natural gas (LNG) export plant is being built there; South Africa, which has returned to the international scene after years of trade isolation because of apartheid, is emerging as a potential driver for energy industry schemes throughout the continent. Activities are discussed.

Knott, D.

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

106

OPEC influence grows with world output in next decade  

SciTech Connect

World crude oil and condensate output will rise to 75 million bopd in 2004, concludes a recently released Petroconsultant study, entitled Worldwide Crude Oil 10-Year Forecast. It also projects that OPEC`s role in supplying demand will simultaneously grow to nearly 50% of total output. In reaching these conclusions, this report analyzed and predicted each of 94 significant producing nations for the 1995--2004 period. Output has been projected separately for the onshore and offshore sectors. Each nation, including the new republics of the former Soviet Union and individual emirates of the United Arab Emirates, is discussed within its regional and global framework; and key aspects of each of the seven major regions have been delineated. The study integrated full-cycle resource analysis, economics, infrastructure, politics, history, consumption levels and patterns, energy balances, and other pertinent data to cover both supply and demand pictures. The entire discovery and production history was used to frame exploration and development maturity. Future discovery potential has been estimated from largely geologic parameters.

Foreman, N.E. [Petroconsultants, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Surveillance and human-computer interaction applications of self-growing models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of the work is to build self-growing based architectures to support visual surveillance and human-computer interaction systems. The objectives include: identifying and tracking persons or objects in the scene or the interpretation of user gestures ... Keywords: Growing Neural Gas, Human-computer interaction, Self-growing models, Surveillance systems, Topology preservation

José García-Rodríguez; Juan Manuel García-Chamizo

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

External (SON) - Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) Website ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Primary Standards Laboratory Eric Detlefs Manager (505) 845-8961 Primary Physical Standards Dept Roger Burton Manager (505) 284-9901 Primary Electrical Standards Dept Project...

109

Net Primary Production (NPP) Project Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RegionalGlobal > Net Primary Production (NPP) Net Primary Production (NPP) Project Overview The ORNL DAAC Net Primary Production (NPP) data set collection contains field...

110

Primary Metals - Compressor Motors Failing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of four failures of compressor motors for a two stage chiller at a primary metals manufacturing facility.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

111

XI. Index of Primary Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

XI Index of Primary Contacts XI Index of Primary Contacts A Aaron, Tim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Aceves, Salvador M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186 Adams, Stephen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .713 Adzic, Radoslav. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .384 Ahluwalia, Rajesh K.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .511 Ahmed, S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .451 Ahn, Channing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262, 267 Alam, Mohammad S.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .509 Andersen, Cindi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .811 Anton, Donald L.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .230, 243 Arduengo III, Anthony J. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .274

112

Photo of the Week: How to Grow Superconducting Crystals | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How to Grow Superconducting Crystals How to Grow Superconducting Crystals Photo of the Week: How to Grow Superconducting Crystals September 13, 2013 - 11:29am Addthis Many of the materials that scientists work with at Brookhaven National Laboratory are too small and too precise for traditional tools. In cases like these, the labs grow materials instead of building them. Brookhaven physicist Genda Gu pioneered techniques that grow some of the largest single-crystal high-temperature superconductors in the world. The glowing chamber in this photo grows superconducting crystals. To do so, the furnace focuses infrared light onto a rod, melting it around 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Under just the right conditions, the liquefied material recrystallizes as a single uniform structure, which is highly sensitive and takes about one month to form. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory.

113

Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

5, 2012 Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year Washington, DC - Science.gov, known for its groundbreaking search and retrieval of government science...

114

Effect of energy supply on amino acid utilization by growing steers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Effects of energy supply on the efficiency of methionine and leucine utilization in growing steers were evaluated in 3 studies. We hypothesized that increased energy… (more)

Schroeder, Guillermo Fernando

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Investigating the feasibility of growing algae for fuel in southern Nevada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microalgae capable of growing in waste are adequate to be mass-cultivated for biodiesel, avoiding fertilizers and clean water, two obstacles to sustainability of the feedstock… (more)

Moazeni, Faegheh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Material World: Forecasting Household Appliance Ownership in a Growing Global Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Household Income and Appliance Ownership. ECEEE Summerof decreasing prices of appliances, if price data becomesForecasting Household Appliance Ownership in a Growing

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... Oil shipments through the Strait of Malacca supply China and Indonesia, two of the world's fastest growing ...

118

Harvest evaluation model and system of fast-growing and high-yield poplar plantation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper is based on the research of forestry experts' systems funded by ''National Tenth-Five-Year 863 Plan''. In the context of the collective forest rights system reforms, in order to enhance the technological support to the farmers in the fast-growing ... Keywords: Decision support system, Fast-growing poplar plantation, Forest management, Growth model, Harvest evaluation and prediction, Harvest model

Baoguo Wu; Yan Qi; Chi Ma; Hongquan Zhang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

NRRI NowSpring/Summer 2008 GrowingStrongIndustries~DevelopingNewIdeas~NurturingNaturalResources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,500 mattresses a month to Duluth Goodwill Industries (and growing!) 360 pounds per cubic yard ­ compaction rateNRRI NowSpring/Summer 2008 GrowingStrongIndustries~DevelopingNewIdeas~NurturingNaturalResources 2 The afterlife of mattresses Birds in the riparian zone Pellet industry heats up Watchdogs for change Biology

Netoff, Theoden

120

The Interannual Variability of the Onset of the Maize Growing Season over South Africa and Zimbabwe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsistence farmers within southern Africa have identified the onset of the maize growing season as an important seasonal characteristic, advance knowledge of which would aid preparations for the planting of rain-fed maize. Onset over South ...

M. A. Tadross; B. C. Hewitson; M. T. Usman

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Building community assets through individual development accounts : growing a strategic network in Lawrence, Massachusetts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aims to inform the decision-making process for growing an asset-building program through strategic partnerships with other community-based organizations (CBOs). The impetus for this paper came from Lawrence ...

Wu, Cindy C. (Cindy Cin-Wei)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Microphysical Measurements from an Aircraft Ascending with a Growing Isolated Maritime Cumulus Tower  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of precipitation in the top of an isolated maritime cumulus tower is traced by four rapid penetrations with an instrumented aircraft between 400 and 1000 m below the visible top of the growing tower. The hydrometeor distribution ...

Paul T. Willis; John Hallett

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Growing machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

construction is developed in three dimensions. It is similarly shown that right-angled tetrahedrons, when folded from an edge-connected string, can generate any three dimensional structure where the primitive pixel (or ...

Griffith, Saul Thomas, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

International Energy Outlook 2001 - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO2001 forecast. The use of natural gas is projected to nearly double between 1999 and 2020, providing a relatively clean fuel for efficient new gas turbine power plants. Natural gas is expected to be the fastest growing component of world energy consumption in the International Energy Outlook 2001 (IEO2001) reference case. Gas use is projected to almost double, to 162 trillion cubic feet in 2020 from 84 trillion cubic feet in 1999 (Figure 38). With an average annual growth rate of 3.2 percent, the share of natural gas in total primary energy consumption is projected to grow to 28 percent from 23 percent. The largest increments in gas use are expected in Central and

125

Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from 15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and Wireless Water Heaters Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and Wireless Water Heaters October 15, 2010 - 5:56pm Addthis Nanoparticles grown under the irradiation of high-energy X-rays | Source: Argonne National Lab and Carnegie Institution of Washington Nanoparticles grown under the irradiation of high-energy X-rays | Source: Argonne National Lab and Carnegie Institution of Washington Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Watching nanoparticles in real time can help improve the performance of their application as solar cells, chemical and biological sensors and diagnostic imaging. Scientists are using bacteria with free wastewater to develop

126

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money March 12, 2010 - 5:20pm Addthis Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Joshua DeLung North Carolina will receive $132 million, or 10 times more money than in years past, for its weatherization program through the Recovery Act. Martin County Community Action is tasked with weatherizing about 1,029 units with its $7.7 million share. The agency has also surpassed its 123 units from its usual fiscal year funding. "It's been interesting ramping up like this, but we've put our agency in a position the last couple of years to be able to do more creative

127

Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry February 21, 2013 - 3:06pm Addthis Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Sign up at the Google+ Event page. Email questions to newmedia@hq.doe.gov, and tweet questions to @ENERGY using #AskEnergy. Tune in at 2pm ET on energy.gov/live. Over the past four years, solar energy generation in the U.S. has more than doubled. At the same time, the cost of solar power continues to fall each year and American companies and workers are helping to lead the way with

128

Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and Wireless Water Heaters Geek-Up[10.15.2010]: Growing Nanoparticles, Developing Plastic from Bacteria and Wireless Water Heaters October 15, 2010 - 5:56pm Addthis Nanoparticles grown under the irradiation of high-energy X-rays | Source: Argonne National Lab and Carnegie Institution of Washington Nanoparticles grown under the irradiation of high-energy X-rays | Source: Argonne National Lab and Carnegie Institution of Washington Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Watching nanoparticles in real time can help improve the performance of their application as solar cells, chemical and biological sensors and diagnostic imaging.

129

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money March 12, 2010 - 5:20pm Addthis Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Joshua DeLung North Carolina will receive $132 million, or 10 times more money than in years past, for its weatherization program through the Recovery Act. Martin County Community Action is tasked with weatherizing about 1,029 units with its $7.7 million share. The agency has also surpassed its 123 units from its usual fiscal year funding. "It's been interesting ramping up like this, but we've put our agency in a position the last couple of years to be able to do more creative

130

Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year | OSTI, US Dept  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year December 5, 2012 Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year Washington, DC - Science.gov, known for its groundbreaking search and retrieval of government science information, is celebrating its 10th Anniversary. Through federated one-stop search of U.S. government science information, the portal offers free access to research and development results from 17 organizations within 13 federal science agencies. Science.gov was the first government science search engine to rank results for relevancy in real time and was a pioneer in precision searching across full-text documents. In addition, over the past 10 years the number of pages available at Science.gov has grown from 47 million to over 200

131

Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry February 21, 2013 - 3:06pm Addthis Join Secretary Chu Tomorrow for a Google+ Hangout on America's Growing Solar Industry Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Sign up at the Google+ Event page. Email questions to newmedia@hq.doe.gov, and tweet questions to @ENERGY using #AskEnergy. Tune in at 2pm ET on energy.gov/live. Over the past four years, solar energy generation in the U.S. has more than doubled. At the same time, the cost of solar power continues to fall each year and American companies and workers are helping to lead the way with

132

Umatilla Tribes to Grow Native Plants for Hanford | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Umatilla Tribes to Grow Native Plants for Hanford Umatilla Tribes to Grow Native Plants for Hanford Umatilla Tribes to Grow Native Plants for Hanford January 2, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation’s field station, located in Mission, Ore., will be home to one-of-a-kind research and development for revegetation efforts. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation's field station, located in Mission, Ore., will be home to one-of-a-kind research and development for revegetation efforts. Tribal construction workers stand in front of the hexagonal greenhouse dome structure that will house the seeds for revegetation efforts. Tribal construction workers stand in front of the hexagonal greenhouse dome structure that will house the seeds for revegetation efforts.

133

Mesoscopic model for filament orientation in growing actin networks: the role of obstacle geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Propulsion by growing actin networks is a universal mechanism used in many different biological systems. Although the core molecular machinery for actin network growth is well preserved in most cases, the geometry of the propelled obstacle can vary considerably. In recent years, filament orientation distribution has emerged as an important observable characterizing the structure and dynamical state of the growing network. Here we derive several continuum equations for the orientation distribution of filaments growing behind stiff obstacles of various shapes and validate the predicted steady state orientation patterns by stochastic computer simulations based on discrete filaments. We use an ordinary differential equation approach to demonstrate that for flat obstacles of finite size, two fundamentally different orientation patterns peaked at either +35/-35 or +70/0/-70 degrees exhibit mutually exclusive stability, in agreement with earlier results for flat obstacles of very large lateral extension. We calculat...

Weichsel, Julian; 10.1088/1367-2630/15/3/035006

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Primary Energy Ventures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Primary Energy Ventures Primary Energy Ventures Jump to: navigation, search Name Primary Energy Ventures Place Oak Brook, Illinois Zip 60523 Product Primary Energy Ventures is a privately held developer, owner and operator of on-site combined heat and power and recycled energy projects. References Primary Energy Ventures[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Primary Energy Ventures is a company located in Oak Brook, Illinois . References ↑ "Primary Energy Ventures" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Primary_Energy_Ventures&oldid=349951" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes

135

Primary Production, Recycling, and Environment - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ARTICLES: Selected Readings on Magnesium Production, Recycling and Environment Links to key papers on magnesium primary production, recycling and ...

136

Detection of Oil Spills in SAR Images Using Wavelets and Region Growing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of Oil Spills in SAR Images Using Wavelets and Region Growing R�GIA T. S. ARA�JO, FÁTIMA an algorithm to detect oil spills in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images that can be used to support sensing of environmental disasters. Spillage of oil in coastal waters can be a catastrophic event

de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

137

The effect of palm oil supplementation on growth and carcass composition of growing lambs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of palm oil supplementation on growth and carcass composition of growing lambs M Hilmi Selangor, Malaysia Palm oil is considered as a cheap source of energy supplementation in a commercial feed for sheep. However there is a scarcity of report on the effect of oil supplementation on the growth

Recanati, Catherine

138

Water is used for many purposes, includ-ing growing crops, producing copper,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WATER USES Water is used for many purposes, includ- ing growing crops, producing copper, generating electricity, watering lawns, keeping clean, drinking and recreation. Bal- ancing the water budget comes down of the water budget. Reducing demand involves re- ducing how much water each person uses, lim- iting the number

139

improving energy efficiency in the built environment is now seen as a growing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

improving energy efficiency in the built environment is now seen as a growing policy priority the 1973 oil embargo. Codes by state but they generally establish a minimum energy efficiency stan- dard.S. Department of Energy to establish building code energy efficiency targets by January 1, 2014. it also

Kotchen, Matthew J.

140

Technology Assistance Program Growing technology-based business with free service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) may be just what you're looking for. Created in 1994 and sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, the TAP program at PNNL helps grow and diversify the nation Assistance Program leverages PNNL's expertise in a variety of scientific disciplines to help members

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Sea Surface Temperature Patterns on the West Florida Shelf Using Growing Hierarchical Self-Organizing Maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neural network analyses based on the self-organizing map (SOM) and the growing hierarchical self-organizing map (GHSOM) are used to examine patterns of the sea surface temperature (SST) variability on the West Florida Shelf from time series of ...

Yonggang Liu; Robert H. Weisberg; Ruoying He

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

NRRI's Bill Berguson promotes fast-growing trees as part of America's new energy future.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to increase energy independence with new biorefinery industries and sustainable new crops. A study undertaken Commission with representatives from the union, paper industry, legislature, University, energy company andNRRI's Bill Berguson promotes fast-growing trees as part of America's new energy future. Winter

Netoff, Theoden

143

Decaying Singular Vectors and Their Impact on Analysis and Forecast Correction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The full set of kinetic energy singular values and singular vectors for the forward tangent propagator of a quasigeostrophic potential vorticity model is examined. In contrast to the fastest growing singular vectors, the fastest decaying vectors ...

C. A. Reynolds; T. N. Palmer

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

UPI: A Primary Index for Uncertain Databases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertain data management has received growing attention from industry and academia. Many efforts have been made to optimize uncertain databases, including the development of special index data structures. However, none ...

Kimura, Hideaki

145

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO2000 forecast. The use of natural gas is projected to more than double between 1997 and 2020, providing a relatively clean fuel for efficient new gas turbine power plants. Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO2000 forecast. The use of natural gas is projected to more than double between 1997 and 2020, providing a relatively clean fuel for efficient new gas turbine power plants. World natural gas consumption continues to grow, increasing its market share of total primary energy consumption. In the International Energy Outlook 2000 (IEO2000), natural gas remains the fastest growing component of world energy consumption. Over the IEO2000 forecast period from 1997 to 2020, gas use is projected to more than double in the reference case, reaching 167 trillion cubic feet in 2020 from the 1997 level of 82 trillion cubic feet (Figure 46). Over the 1997-2020 period, the role of natural gas in energy use is projected to increase in all regions except the Middle

146

Effect of steam conditioning practices on pellet quality and growing broiler nutritional value.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Feed currently incurs 60-65% of the total cost of broiler production. Pellets are the primary feed form for commercially-reared broilers. Understanding how to optimize pellet… (more)

Cutlip, Sarah Elizabeth.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives and Policies Home > Groups > Utility Rate Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 12 December, 2012 - 11:30 DOE energy efficiency FOA funding opportunity Renewable Energy A new funding opportunity is available to anyone interested in helping develop a public database of federal, state, and local policies and incentives. These resources will be made available through state-of-the-art web and mobile interfaces, on-demand web services, and a downloadable data feed designed to reach a wide variety of stakeholders including energy professionals and end consumers. The Department of Energy is anticipating providing $1.5 million total to one Awardee over a period of up to three years to accomplish the goals of

148

Contoured inner after-heater shield for reducing stress in growing crystalline bodies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for growing hollow crystalline bodies by the EFG process, comprising an EFG die having a top surface shaped for growing a hollow crystalline body having a cross-sectional configuration in the shape of a polygon having n faces, and a radiation shield adjacent to and surrounded by the top end surface of the die, characterized in that the shield has an inner edge defining a similar polygon with n sides, and the inner edge of the shield is notched so that the spacing between the n faces and the n sides is greatest between the central portions of the n faces and the n sides, whereby the greater spacing at the central portions helps to reduce lateral temperature gradients in the crystalline body that is grown by use of the die.

Kalejs, Juris P. (Wellesley, MA)

1996-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

149

Mesoscopic model for filament orientation in growing actin networks: the role of obstacle geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Propulsion by growing actin networks is a universal mechanism used in many different biological systems. Although the core molecular machinery for actin network growth is well preserved in most cases, the geometry of the propelled obstacle can vary considerably. In recent years, filament orientation distribution has emerged as an important observable characterizing the structure and dynamical state of the growing network. Here we derive several continuum equations for the orientation distribution of filaments growing behind stiff obstacles of various shapes and validate the predicted steady state orientation patterns by stochastic computer simulations based on discrete filaments. We use an ordinary differential equation approach to demonstrate that for flat obstacles of finite size, two fundamentally different orientation patterns peaked at either +35/-35 or +70/0/-70 degrees exhibit mutually exclusive stability, in agreement with earlier results for flat obstacles of very large lateral extension. We calculate and validate phase diagrams as a function of model parameters and show how this approach can be extended to obstacles with piecewise straight contours. For curved obstacles, we arrive at a partial differential equation in the continuum limit, which again is in good agreement with the computer simulations. In all cases, we can identify the same two fundamentally different orientation patterns, but only within an appropriate reference frame, which is adjusted to the local orientation of the obstacle contour. Our results suggest that two fundamentally different network architectures compete with each other in growing actin networks, irrespective of obstacle geometry, and clarify how simulated and electron tomography data have to be analyzed for non-flat obstacle geometries.

Julian Weichsel; Ulrich S. Schwarz

2013-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

150

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

natgas.jpg (4355 bytes) natgas.jpg (4355 bytes) Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO99 forecast. Because it is a cleaner fuel than oil or coal and not as controversial as nuclear power, gas is expected to be the fuel of choice for many countries in the future. Prospects for natural gas demand worldwide remain bright, despite the impact of the Asian economic recession on near-term development. Natural gas consumption in the International Energy Outlook 1999 (IEO99) is somewhat increased from last year’s outlook, and the fuel remains the fastest growing primary energy source in the forecast period. Worldwide gas use more than doubles in the reference case projection, reaching 174 trillion cubic feet in 2020 from 82 trillion cubic feet in 1996 (Figure

151

International Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO2003 forecast. Consumption of natural gas is projected to nearly double between 2001 and 2025, with the most robust growth in demand expected among the developing nations. Natural gas is expected to be the fastest growing component of world primary energy consumption in the International Energy Outlook 2003 (IEO2003) reference case. Consumption of natural gas worldwide is projected to increase by an average of 2.8 percent annually from 2001 to 2025, compared with projected annual growth rates of 1.8 percent for oil consumption and 1.5 percent for coal. Natural gas consumption in 2025, at 176 trillion cubic feet, is projected to be nearly double the 2001 total of 90 trillion cubic feet (Figure 40). The natural gas share of total energy consumption is projected to increase from 23 percent in 2001 to 28 percent in 2025.

152

Property:Primary Organization | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Primary Organization Primary Organization Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Primary Organization Property Type Page Company Pages using the property "Primary Organization" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Technologies/Aegir Dynamo + Ocean Navitas + MHK Technologies/AirWEC + Resolute Marine Energy Inc + MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine + Checkmate SeaEnergy + MHK Technologies/AquaBuoy + Finavera Renewables Ocean Energy Ltd + MHK Technologies/Aquanator + Atlantis Resources Corporation + MHK Technologies/Aquantis + Ecomerit Technologies LLC see Dehlsen Associates LLC + MHK Technologies/Archimedes Wave Swing + AWS Ocean Energy formerly Oceanergia + MHK Technologies/Atlantis AN 150 + Atlantis Resources Corporation +

153

U.S. Residential Housing Primary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency Page > Energy Intensities >Table 7c Glossary U.S. Residential Housing Primary Page Last Revised: July 2009

154

Primary Dendrite Array Morphology: Observations from Ground ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Influence of natural convection on primary dendrite array ... Solidification and Microstructure Evaluation of the Ni-Ga and Co-Ni-Ga Alloys.

155

Primary Production, Recycling, and Environment - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Link directory to a variety of general information sources on magnesium production, 0 ... Links to key papers on magnesium primary production, recycling and ...

156

Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) Eligibility Agricultural Commercial...

157

Response to Comments on "A Bacterium That Can Grow Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus"  

SciTech Connect

Concerns have been raised about our recent study describing a bacterium that can grow using arsenic (As) instead of phosphorus (P). Our data suggested that As could act as a substitute for P in major biomolecules in this organism. Although the issues raised are of investigative interest, we contend that they do not invalidate our conclusions. We argue that while no single line of evidence we presented was sufficient to support our interpretation of the data, taken as an entire dataset we find no plausible alternative to our conclusions. Here we reply to the critiques and provide additional arguments supporting the assessment of the data we reported.

Wolfe-Simon, F; Blum, J S; Kulp, T R; Gordon, G W; Hoeft, S E; Pett-Ridge, J; Stolz, J F; Webb, S M; Weber, P K; Davies, P W; Anbar, A D; Oremland, R S

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

158

Method of growing films by flame synthesis using a stagnation-flow reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of stabilizing a strained flame in a stagnation flow reactor. By causing a highly strained flame to be divided into a large number of equal size segments it is possible to stablize a highly strained flame that is on the verge of extinction, thereby providing for higher film growth rates. The flame stabilizer is an annular ring mounted coaxially and coplanar with the substrate upon which the film is growing and having a number of vertical pillars mounted on the top surface, thereby increasing the number of azimuthal nodes into which the flame is divided and preserving an axisymmetric structure necessary for stability.

Hahn, David W. (Dublin, CA); Edwards, Christopher F. (Sunnyvale, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Solar Photovoltaic Economic Development: Building and Growing a Local PV Industry, August 2011 (Book)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. photovoltaic (PV) industry is forecast to grow, and it represents an opportunity for economic development and job creation in communities throughout the United States. This report helps U.S. cities evaluate economic opportunities in the PV industry. It serves as a guide for local economic development offices in evaluating their community?s competitiveness in the solar PV industry, assessing the viability of solar PV development goals, and developing strategies for recruiting and retaining PV companies to their areas.

Not Available

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Method of growing films by flame synthesis using a stagnation-flow reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for stabilizing a strained flame in a stagnation flow reactor. By causing a highly strained flame to be divided into a large number of equal size segments it is possible to stablize a highly strained flame that is on the verge of extinction, thereby providing for higher film growth rates. The flame stabilizer is an annular ring mounted coaxially and coplanar with the substrate upon which the film is growing and having a number of vertical pillars mounted on the top surface, thereby increasing the number of azimuthal nodes into which the flame is divided and preserving an axisymmetric structure necessary for stability. 5 figs.

Hahn, D.W.; Edwards, C.F.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

China's growing CO{sub 2} emissions - a race between increasing consumption and efficiency gains  

SciTech Connect

China's rapidly growing economy and energy consumption are creating serious environmental problems on both local and global scales. Understanding the key drivers behind China's growing energy consumption and the associated CO{sub 2} emissions is critical for the development of global climate policies and provides insight into how other emerging economies may develop a low emissions future. Using recently released Chinese economic input-output data and structural decomposition analysis we analyze how changes in China's technology, economic structure, urbanization, and lifestyles affect CO{sub 2} emissions. We find that infrastructure construction and urban household consumption, both in turn driven by urbanization and lifestyle changes, have outpaced efficiency improvements in the growth of CO{sub 2} emissions. Net trade had a small effect on total emissions due to equal, but significant, growth in emissions from the production of exports and emissions avoided by imports. Technology and efficiency improvements have only partially offset consumption growth, but there remains considerable untapped potential to reduce emissions by improving both production and consumption systems. As China continues to rapidly develop there is an opportunity to further implement and extend policies, such as the Circular Economy, that will help China avoid the high emissions path taken by today's developed countries. 65 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Glen P. Peters; Christopher L. Weber; Dabo Guan; Klaus Hubacek [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

(Assessment of the potential of Yunnan Province, China to grow and convert biomass to electricity)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the trip was to conduct a preliminary evaluation of biomass energy development in Yunnan Province, China. The evaluation included an assessment of the potential to grow and convert biomass to electricity, and an evaluation of the institutional relationships, which would be critical to the establishment of a collaborative biomass energy development project. This site visit was undertaken to evaluate the potential of an integrated biomass energy project, including the growing and handling of biomass feedstocks and its conversion to electricity. Based on this site visit, it was concluded that biomass production risks are real and further research on species screening and experiments is necessary before proceeding to the conversion phase of this project. The location of potential sites inspected and the logistics required for handling and transporting biomass may also be a concern. The commitment of support (labor and land) and leadership to this project by the Chinese is overwhelming exceeding all pre-site visit expectations. In sum, there is a definite opportunity in Yunnan for an integrated biomass energy project and a potential market for US technology.

Perlack, R.D.

1990-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

External (SON) - Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) Website  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home Fact Sheets Links Contacts Primary Standards Laboratory Enter keyword below to search the PSL site: Search! The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) develops and maintains primary standards traceable to national standards and calibrates and certifies customer reference standards. The PSL provides technical guidance, support, and consultation; develops precision measurement techniques; provides oversight, including technical surveys and measurement audits; and anticipates future measurement needs of the nuclear weapons complex and other Department of Energy programs. The PSL also helps industry, universities, and government agencies establish or verify new capabilities and products and improve measurement technology. NVLAP Accreditation NVLAP Accreditation

164

Self-potential modeling from primary flows  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new method for the calculation of self potentials (SP) based on induced current sources is presented. The induced current sources are due to divergences of the convective current which is driven, in turn, by a primary flow, either heat or fluid. Numerical modeling utilizing this method has been implemented using a two-dimensional transmission surface algorithm. When the primary flow is driven by the gradient of a potential, joint modeling of the primary flow and the resultant SP is possible with this algorithm. Examples of simple geometrical models in the presence of point sources for the primary flow are presented and discussed. Lastly, a field example of the joint modeling of temperature and SP data is illustrated with data from Red Hill Hot Spring, Utah.

Sill, W.R.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Seasonal Prediction of Air Temperature Associated with the Growing-Season Start of Warm-Season Crops across Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal prediction of growing-season start of warm-season crops (GSSWC) is an important task for the agriculture sector to identify risks and opportunities in advance. On the basis of observational daily surface air temperature at 210 stations ...

Zhiwei Wu; Hai Lin; Ted O’Brien

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Seasonal Prediction of Killing-Frost Frequency in South-Central Canada during the Cool/Overwintering-Crop Growing Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal killing-frost frequency (KFF) during the cool/overwintering-crop growing season is important for the Canadian agricultural sector to prepare and respond to such extreme agrometeorological events. On the basis of observed daily surface air ...

Zhiwei Wu; Hai Lin; Yun Li; Youmin Tang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

GROW1: a crop growth model for assessing impacts of gaseous pollutants from geothermal technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A preliminary model of photosynthesis and growth of field crops was developed to assess the effects of gaseous pollutants, particularly airborne sulfur compounds, resulting from energy production from geothermal resources. The model simulates photosynthesis as a function of such variables as irradiance, CO/sub 2/ diffusion resistances, and internal biochemical processes. The model allocates the products of photosynthesis to structural (leaf, stem, root, and fruit) and storage compartments of the plant. The simulations encompass the entire growing season from germination to senescence. The model is described conceptually and mathematically and examples of model output are provided for various levels of pollutant stress. Also, future developments that would improve this preliminary model are outlined and its applications are discussed.

Kercher, J.R.

1977-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

168

Method of synthesizing and growing copper-indium-diselenide (CuInSe.sub.2) crystals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for preparing CuInSe.sub.2 crystals includes melting a sufficient quantity of B.sub.2 O.sub.3 along with stoichiometric quantities of Cu, In, and Se in a crucible in a high pressure atmosphere of inert gas to encapsulate the CuInSe.sub.2 melt and confine the Se to the crucible. Additional Se in the range of 1.8 to 2.2 percent over the stoichiometric quantity is preferred to make up for small amounts of Se lost in the process. The crystal is grown by inserting a seed crystal through the B.sub.2 O.sub.3 encapsulate into contact with the CuInSe.sub.2 melt and withdrawing the seed upwardly to grow the crystal thereon from the melt.

Ciszek, Theodore F. (Evergreen, CO)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

New Titan Supercomputer Named Fastest in the World | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4:37pm 4:37pm Addthis Oak Ridge National Laboratory is home to Titan, the world’s most powerful supercomputer for open science with a theoretical peak performance exceeding 20 petaflops (quadrillion calculations per second). That kind of computational capability—almost unimaginable—is on par with each of the world’s 7 billion people being able to carry out 3 million calculations per second. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is home to Titan, the world's most powerful supercomputer for open science with a theoretical peak performance exceeding 20 petaflops (quadrillion calculations per second). That kind of computational capability-almost unimaginable-is on par with each of the world's 7 billion people being able to carry out 3 million calculations

170

Executive Summary The Eastern Panhandle (Berkeley, Jefferson, and Morgan counties) has been among the fastest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distance from Pittsburgh, PA, Cleveland, OH, Washington DC, and New York City. Within the state Orchestra, and conducted the University Choir in the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. During the last Graduate Reid Hartman at the Smithsonian Folklife Festival in Washington, DC 8 school of music | college

Mohaghegh, Shahab

171

17th Edition of TOP500 List of World's Fastest Supercomputers Reseased  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computing Center (NERSC), an unclassified supercomputingby the new IBM SP system at NERSC/LBNL. At number five is a2 is a new IBM SP system at NERSC/LBNL - #5 is a new Hitachi

Strohmaier, Erich; Meuer, Hans W.; Dongarra, Jack J.; Simon, Horst D.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

NREL: NEWS - Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Up with the Rapidly Growing Wind Industry NREL - Keeping Up with the Rapidly Growing Wind Industry Wind energy-it's the fastest growing electricity-generating technology in the...

173

Estimated Rare Earth Reserves and Deposits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Many of the fastest growing clean energy technologies, from batteries to solar panels to magnets, are made with materials that have unique chemical and physical characteristics, including magnetic,...

174

Dispatch modelling of a regional power generation system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The climate change issue has raised the interest for renewable energy technologies, amongst which wind power is the fastest growing. The introduction of wind… (more)

Edqvist, Lisa

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Dynamic modeling and control of hybrid ground source heat pump systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems are one of the fastest growing applications of renewable energy in the world with annual increases of 10% over… (more)

Chen, Chang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Half of the increase is attributed to China and India. Renewable energy and nuclear power are the world’s fastest-growing energy sources, ...

177

Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... 2013 * China poised to become the world’s largest net oil importer later ... 2013 Renewable energy and nuclear power are the fastest growing ...

178

EMICONDUCTORS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and CIGS, are the fastest-growing segment of the solar industry, with 43 ... Generation (thin films of CdTe, CIGS, and related materials) PV devices are ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

179

Modeling, Control and Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) of Doubly-fed Induction Generator (DFIG) Wind Power System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wind power is the fastest growing renewable energy and is promising to be the number one source of clean energy in the near future. Among… (more)

Zou, Yu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Carbon-Free Compressed Air Energy Storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The inherent intermittency of the two fastest growing renewable energy sources, wind and solar, presents a significant barrier to widespread penetration and replacement of fossil-fuel… (more)

Shively, Dustin Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A GIS Analysis on Possible Photovoltaic Cell Use for Energy Reduction During Peak Hours in Huntington, West Virginia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Solar panels are one of the fastest growing renewable energy technologies. This study aims to identify to what extent roof-mounted solar panels can reduce the… (more)

Tadlock, James Eric

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

International Energy Outlook 2013 - Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

However, fossil fuels continue to supply almost 80 percent of world energy use through 2040. Natural gas is the fastest-growing fossil fuel in the outlook. Global ...

183

EIA projects world energy consumption will increase 56% by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

However, fossil fuels continue to supply nearly 80% of world energy use through 2040. Natural gas is the fastest-growing fossil fuel, ...

184

Eric J. Tobin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Solar is the fastest growing industry in the US, and the US is expected to become the world's largest solar market within a few years. ...

2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

185

Large-scale Solar PV Investment Planning Studies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the pursuit of a cleaner and sustainable environment, solar photovoltaic (PV) power has been established as the fastest growing alternative energy source in the… (more)

Muneer, Wajid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

New Report Finds the United States Leading in Wind Power Growth  

New Report Finds the United States Leading in Wind Power Growth For the third year in a row, the United States was the fastest growing wind power ...

187

External (SON) - Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) Website  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enter keyword below to search the PSL site: Search! The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) develops and maintains primary standards traceable to national standards and calibrates and certifies customer reference standards. The PSL provides technical guidance, support, and consultation; develops precision measurement techniques; provides oversight, including technical surveys and measurement audits; and anticipates future measurement needs of the nuclear weapons complex and other Department of Energy programs. The PSL also helps industry, universities, and government agencies establish or verify new capabilities and products and improve measurement technology. NVLAP Accreditation NVLAP Accreditation The Primary Standards Laboratory is accredited over a broad range of parameters by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) as a calibration laboratory (Lab Code 105002). This accreditation validates the high level of technical competence achieved by the laboratory and its staff.

188

Category:PrimarySchool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PrimarySchool PrimarySchool Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Building Type Media in category "PrimarySchool" The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. SVPrimarySchool Bismarck ND Montana-Dakota Utilities Co (North Dakota).png SVPrimarySchool Bismar... 70 KB SVPrimarySchool Cedar City UT Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc (Utah).png SVPrimarySchool Cedar ... 60 KB SVPrimarySchool International Falls MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVPrimarySchool Intern... 86 KB SVPrimarySchool LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png SVPrimarySchool LA CA ... 86 KB SVPrimarySchool Memphis TN City of Memphis Tennessee (Utility Company).png SVPrimarySchool Memphi... 65 KB SVPrimarySchool Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png

189

The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a wide variety...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a wide variety of primary thermometry standards to assure...

190

The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a wide variety...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a wide variety of primary standards to assure accurate...

191

The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a wide variety...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a wide variety of primary acceleration and shock...

192

,,,,,,,,,,"Lease Equipment Costs for Primary Oil Production in...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Lease Equipment Costs for Primary Oil Recovery ",,,"Oil Production--West Texas" ,,"Operations (10 Producing Wells)" ,,,"Lease Equipment Costs for Primary Oil...

193

EIA Data: Total International Primary Energy Consumption

This...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EIA Data: Total International Primary Energy Consumption

This table lists total primary energy consumption by country and region in Quadrillion Btu.  Figures in this table...

194

Gas-export potential will grow until domestic economies hike local demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prospects appear good for near-term growth of exportable natural-gas supplies for some member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (C.I.S.). These conclusions are a result of Enron Corp.'s recent investigations in the C.I.S. and other former Soviet republics. They are based on data obtained in cooperation with Vinigaz, the research arm of the Russian state gas concern Gazprom, and from various other research and consulting groups. These studies indicate that gas-export potential will grow as local demand for gas shrinks in the C.I.S. (as the energy needs of the individual republics decline during the period of economic transition) and while the C.I.S.-area countries continue to require foreign currency to help fund redevelopment and reduce debt. This concluding of two articles reviews the economic outlook for outside investment in the oil, gas, and gas-liquids infrastructure and the role of natural-gas supply and price in the development of domestic and export markets.

Carson, M.; Stram, B. (Enron Corp., Houston, TX (United States))

1993-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

195

Oil demand continues to grow in the U.S. and worldwide  

SciTech Connect

Rising oil consumption is challenging the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production quota--but not the group`s ability to meet demand. In the second half of 1995, the oil market will continue to need more oil from OPEC members than the group claims to be willing to produce with its quota at 24.52 million b/d. If the quota really limited supply, ingredients would be in place for a significant price hike. Growth in a non-OPEC production intensities temptations on OPEC members to cheat on quotas and has become a key factor in the market. OPEC producers have seen that if they don`t meet incremental demand at the current price, other producers will. OPEC eventually will have to raise its quota or acknowledge that the artificial production limit lacks meaning. At present, the only real limit to supply is production capacity, which remains in excess relative to demand and which has demonstrated its ability to grow both within and outside of OPEC when prices rise. The paper discusses worldwide trends, pressures on OPEC, world crude prices, US prices, natural gas prices, US energy demand, natural gas use, gas supply, US demand for petroleum products, imports, and inventories.

Tippee, B.; Beck, R.J.

1995-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Preoperational test report, primary ventilation system  

SciTech Connect

This represents a preoperational test report for Primary Ventilation Systems, Project W-030. Project W-030 provides a ventilation upgrade for the four Aging Waste Facility tanks. The system provides vapor space filtered venting of tanks AY101, AY102, AZ101, AZ102. The tests verify correct system operation and correct indications displayed by the central Monitor and Control System.

Clifton, F.T.

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

197

Don't Look: Growing Clonal Versus Nonclonal Neural Stem Cell BRENDA L.K. COLES-TAKABE,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the presence of stem cells many researchers have taken advantage of the in vitro proliferation of neural stem Genetics, TD-CCBR, Room 1102, 160 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E1, Canada. Telephone: 416 adhesiveness, since the neural stem cells that grow in the neuro- sphere assay require only a light mechanical

Zandstra, Peter W.

198

Remote area wind energy harvesting for low-power autonomous sensors Abstract--A growing demand for deployment of autonomous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote area wind energy harvesting for low-power autonomous sensors Abstract--A growing demand wind energy harvesting is presented, with a focus on an anemometer-based solution. By utilizing for localized, independent energy harvesting capabilities for each node. In this paper, a method of remote area

199

Advanced Analysis of the Responses of Cotton Genotypes Growing Under Water Stress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ever-growing world population raises the concern and necessity of rational use and distribution of limited water resources. Water deficit is the single most dominant abiotic factor limiting cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) yield in drought-prone Texas croplands. Characterizing plant traits conferring drought tolerance to cotton genotypes and then transferring this information back to breeders and geneticists have the potential of significantly increasing and stabilizing production statewide. Although a plethora of physiological studies have been conducted and have demonstrated that drought tolerance in plants is likely to be conferred by a combination of plant traits rather than a single trait, this knowledge has not translated into improved breeding lines. Experiments were conducted in 2010 and 2011 in the Drought Tolerance Laboratory (Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Corpus Christi, TX) to analyze the responses of cotton genotypes to different levels of water stress. This facility is equipped with computerized systems capable of continuously monitoring whole-plant water use as well as several environmental parameters. Sixteen cotton genotypes were provided by Monsanto Co. and the Texas AgriLife Cotton Improvement Programs at College Station and Lubbock. Seeds were pre-germinated in wet paper towels and then hand planted in large pots previously filled with fritted clay. A total of 3 and 8 (2010 and 2011, respectively) pots containing plants of each genotype were permanently placed on micro-lysimeters for continuous measurement of water use. Water regimes were imposed in 2010 (well-watered and water-stressed), and 2011 (water-stressed) when plants reached the early-flowering stage and were carried until plants reached maturity (100% open bolls). Data collected showed that genotypes have very distinct water use patterns. The water stress treatment imposed on the test plants negatively affected plant growth that was indicated by a lower plant height, total number of leaves, and main-stem nodes of stressed plants when contrasted to their well-watered counterparts. Stomatal density was remarkably different among genotypes and a higher density was found on the abaxial (lower) leaf surface for all genotypes studied. Root dry mass production had different responses depending upon the severity of the water stress. Highest root dry mass was observed when plants were exposed to a mild stress and lowest when a more severe water restriction was imposed.

Maeda, Murilo 1985-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The relationship between residual feed intake and feeding behavior in growing heifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to determine if feeding behavior traits are correlated with performance and feed efficiency traits in growing heifers. Individual dry matter intake (DMI) was measured in Brangus heifers (n = 115) fed a roughage-based diet (ME = 2.1 Mcal/kg) for 70 d using Calan gate feeders (6 heifers/pen). Residual feed intake (RFI) was computed as the residuals from linear regression of DMI on mid-test BW0.75 and average daily gain (ADG). Heifers with the highest (n = 18) and lowest (n = 18) RFI were identified for feeding behavior measurements. During days 28 through 56 of the 70-d feeding trial, continuous video recordings were obtained for all heifers. Video images of two sets of four 24-h periods, two weeks apart, were analyzed for the focal animals. All occurrences of feeding were timed and counted per day, and the eight 24-h periods averaged to derive the overall feeding event (FE) and meal duration and frequency for each focal heifer. Total feeding event duration was defined as the total min per day the animal’s head was down in the feed bunk. A meal included all visits an animal made to the feed bunk that were separated by less than 5 min. The mean RFI values for the low and high RFI heifers were (mean ± SE) - 1.03 and 1.00 ± 0.03 kg/d, respectively. Low RFI heifers consumed 21.9% less (P < 0.0001) DMI, but had similar BW and ADG compared to high RFI heifers. Heifers with low RFI spent more time (P < 0.0001) eating (152 vs 124 ± 4.26 min/d) at a lower eating rate (62.8 vs 99.6 ± 3.28 g/min), but had similar FE frequencies compared to high RFI heifers. Feeding event duration was negatively correlated with RFI while FE frequency and FE eating rate were positively correlated with RFI. However, meal duration and frequency were not correlated with RFI. Therefore, measuring FE characteristics could prove more useful than analyzing meals when trying to predict RFI. Additionally, eating rate appeared to be more closely related to RFI than any of the other feeding behavior traits measured.

Bingham, Glenda Marie

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Battery cell for a primary battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A battery cell for a primary battery, particularly a flat cell battery to be activated on being taken into use, e.g., when submerged into water. The battery cell comprises a positive current collector and a negative electrode. A separator layer which, being in contact with the negative electrode, is disposed between said negative electrode and the positive current collector. A depolarizing layer containing a depolarizing agent is disposed between the positive current collector and the separate layer. An intermediate layer of a porous, electrically insulating, and water-absorbing material is disposed next to the positive current collector and arranged in contact with the depolarizing agent.

Hakkinen, A.

1984-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

202

Many Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings for Electronic Equipment Operating in Low Power Modes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings for Electronic Equipment Operating in Low Power Modes Christopher Payne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Alan Meier, International Energy Agency ABSTRACT An increasing amount of electricity is used by equipment that is neither fully "on" nor fully "off." We call these equipment states low power modes, or "lopomos." "Standby" and "sleep" are the most familiar lopomos, but some new products already have many modes. Lopomos are becoming common in household appliances, safety equipment, and miscellaneous products. Ross and Meier (2000) reports that several international studies have found standby power to be as much as 10% of residential energy consumption. Lopomo energy consumption is

203

Research and development of stock management strategies to optimise growth potential in on-growing of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, and Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Aquaculture is an essential developing sector for world food production, however the attainment of sexual maturity during commercial on-growing is a major bottleneck to industry… (more)

Cowan, Mairi E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Ion source with improved primary arc collimation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved negative ion source is provided in which a self-biasing, molybdenum collimator is used to define the primary electron stream arc discharge from a filament operated at a negative potential. The collimator is located between the anode and the filament. It is electrically connected to the anode by means of an appropriate size resistor such that the collimator is biased at essentially the filament voltage during operation. Initially, the full arc voltage appears across the filament to collimator until the arc discharge strikes. Then the collimator biases itself to essentially filament potential due to current flow through the resistor thus defining the primary electron stream without intercepting any appreciable arc power. The collimator aperture is slightly smaller than the anode aperture to shield the anode from the arc power which, in the past, has caused overheating and erosion of the anode collimator during extended time pulsed-beam operation of the source. With the self-biasing collimator of this invention, the ion source may be operated from short pulse periods to steady-state without destroying the anode.

Dagenhart, W.K.

1983-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

205

The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a wide variety...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a variety of primary mass and force standards to assure...

206

The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a wide variety...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000 The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a variety of primary optical standards to assure accurate...

207

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #288: October 6, 2003 Primary...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sources by Sector, 2002 on AddThis.com... Fact 288: October 6, 2003 Primary Energy Sources by Sector, 2002 Nearly 97% of primary energy used in the transportation sector is...

208

Using RPS Policies to Grow the Solar Market in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The market for photovoltaics in the United States remains small relative to the nation's solar resource potential. Nonetheless, annual grid-connected PV installations have grown from just 4 MW in 2000 to over 100 MW in 2006, fast enough to the catch the attention of the global solar industry. The state of California deserves much of the credit for this growth. The State's historical rebate programs resulted in roughly 75% of the nation's grid-connected PV additions from 2000 through 2006 being located in California, and the $3 billion California Solar Initiative will ensure that the State remains a mainstay of the US solar industry for years to come. But California is not the only market for solar in the US; other states have recently developed policies that may rival those of the western state in terms of future growth potential. In particular, 25 states, as well as Washington, D.C., have established renewables portfolio standards (RPS), sometimes called quota systems in Europe, requiring electricity suppliers in those states to source a minimum portion of their need from renewable electricity. (Because a national RPS is not yet in place, my focus here is on state policies). Under many of these state policies, solar is not expected to fare particularly well: PV installations simply cannot compete on cost or scale with large wind plants in the US, at least not yet. In response, an expanding list of states have established solar or distributed generation (DG) set-asides within their RPS policies, effectively requiring that some fraction of RPS-driven supply derive from solar energy. The popularity of set-asides for solar and/or DG has increased dramatically in recent years. Already, 11 states and D.C. have developed such RPS set-asides. These include states with outstanding solar resources, such as Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico, as well as areas where the solar resource is less robust, including North Carolina, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, New Hampshire, Delaware, and DC. Among those states with set-asides, two are restricted to PV applications, nine also allow solar-thermal electric to qualify, three allow solar heating and/or cooling to qualify, and three have broader renewable DG set-asides. The policies also differ in their targets and timeframes, whether projects must be located in-state, the application of cost caps, and the degree of oversight on how suppliers contract with solar projects. Only three of these states have more than two years of experience with solar or DG set-asides so far: Arizona, Nevada, and New Jersey. And yet, despite the embryonic stage of these policies, they have already begun to have a significant impact on the grid-connected PV market. From 2000-2006, 16% (or 48 MW) of grid-connected PV installations in the US occurred in states with such set-asides, a percentage that increases to 67% if one only considers PV additions outside of California. The importance of these programs is growing and will continue to expand. In fact, if one assumes (admittedly somewhat optimistically) that these policies will be fully achieved, then existing state solar or DG set-asides could result in 400 MW of solar capacity by 2010, 2,000 MW by 2015, and 6,500 MW by 2025. This equates to annual additions of roughly 100 MW through 2010, increasing to over 500 MW per year by 2015 and 700 MW per year by 2020. PV is not assured of all of this capacity, and will receive strong competition from solar-thermal electric facilities in the desert southwest. Nonetheless, set-asides in those states outside of the southwest will favor PV, and even some of the southwestern states have designed their RPS programs to ensure that PV fares well, relative to other forms of solar energy. Since 2000, Arizona and, more recently, New Jersey have represented the largest solar set-aside-driven PV markets. Even more-recent additions are coming from Colorado, Nevada, New York, and Pennsylvania. In the long-term, the largest markets for solar electricity are predicted to include New Jersey, Maryland,

Wiser, Ryan H; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

209

Using RPS Policies to Grow the Solar Market in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The market for photovoltaics in the United States remains small relative to the nation's solar resource potential. Nonetheless, annual grid-connected PV installations have grown from just 4 MW in 2000 to over 100 MW in 2006, fast enough to the catch the attention of the global solar industry. The state of California deserves much of the credit for this growth. The State's historical rebate programs resulted in roughly 75% of the nation's grid-connected PV additions from 2000 through 2006 being located in California, and the $3 billion California Solar Initiative will ensure that the State remains a mainstay of the US solar industry for years to come. But California is not the only market for solar in the US; other states have recently developed policies that may rival those of the western state in terms of future growth potential. In particular, 25 states, as well as Washington, D.C., have established renewables portfolio standards (RPS), sometimes called quota systems in Europe, requiring electricity suppliers in those states to source a minimum portion of their need from renewable electricity. (Because a national RPS is not yet in place, my focus here is on state policies). Under many of these state policies, solar is not expected to fare particularly well: PV installations simply cannot compete on cost or scale with large wind plants in the US, at least not yet. In response, an expanding list of states have established solar or distributed generation (DG) set-asides within their RPS policies, effectively requiring that some fraction of RPS-driven supply derive from solar energy. The popularity of set-asides for solar and/or DG has increased dramatically in recent years. Already, 11 states and D.C. have developed such RPS set-asides. These include states with outstanding solar resources, such as Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico, as well as areas where the solar resource is less robust, including North Carolina, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, New Hampshire, Delaware, and DC. Among those states with set-asides, two are restricted to PV applications, nine also allow solar-thermal electric to qualify, three allow solar heating and/or cooling to qualify, and three have broader renewable DG set-asides. The policies also differ in their targets and timeframes, whether projects must be located in-state, the application of cost caps, and the degree of oversight on how suppliers contract with solar projects. Only three of these states have more than two years of experience with solar or DG set-asides so far: Arizona, Nevada, and New Jersey. And yet, despite the embryonic stage of these policies, they have already begun to have a significant impact on the grid-connected PV market. From 2000-2006, 16% (or 48 MW) of grid-connected PV installations in the US occurred in states with such set-asides, a percentage that increases to 67% if one only considers PV additions outside of California. The importance of these programs is growing and will continue to expand. In fact, if one assumes (admittedly somewhat optimistically) that these policies will be fully achieved, then existing state solar or DG set-asides could result in 400 MW of solar capacity by 2010, 2,000 MW by 2015, and 6,500 MW by 2025. This equates to annual additions of roughly 100 MW through 2010, increasing to over 500 MW per year by 2015 and 700 MW per year by 2020. PV is not assured of all of this capacity, and will receive strong competition from solar-thermal electric facilities in the desert southwest. Nonetheless, set-asides in those states outside of the southwest will favor PV, and even some of the southwestern states have designed their RPS programs to ensure that PV fares well, relative to other forms of solar energy. Since 2000, Arizona and, more recently, New Jersey have represented the largest solar set-aside-driven PV markets. Even more-recent additions are coming from Colorado, Nevada, New York, and Pennsylvania. In the long-term, the largest markets for solar electricity are predicted to include New Jersey, Maryland, Arizona, and P

Wiser, Ryan H; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

210

Trends, with an Application to Relative Primary Commodity Prices ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing for unit roots and the impact of quadratic trends, with an application to relative primary commodity prices by

David I. Harvey; Stephen J. Leybourne; A. M. Robert Taylor; David I. Harvey; Stephen J. Leybourne; A. M. Robert Taylor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

PVLV: The Primary Value and Learned Value Pavlovian Learning Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Colorado at Boulder The authors present their primary value learned value (PVLV) model robust to variability in the environment. The primary value (PV) system controls performance and learning during primary rewards, whereas the learned value (LV) system learns about conditioned stimuli. The PV

O'Reilly, Randall C.

212

Fracturing controlled primary migration of hydrocarbon fluids during heating of organic-rich shales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-resolved three-dimensional in situ high resolution synchrotron x-ray tomographic imaging was used to investigate the effects of slowly heating organic-rich Green River Shale from 60\\deg; to 400\\deg;C, in air without confinement, to better understand primary migration of hydrocarbon fluids in very low permeability source rock. Cracks nucleate in the interior of the sample at a temperature around 350\\deg;C. As the temperature increases, they grow and coalesce along lamination planes to form bigger cracks. This process is accompanied by a release of light hydrocarbons generated by decomposition of the initially immature organic matter, as determined by thermogravimetry and gas chromatography. These results provide the first 4D monitoring of an invasion percolation-like fracturing process in organic-rich shales. This process increases the permeability of the sample and provides pathways for fluid expulsion - an effect that might also be relevant for primary migration under natural conditions. We propose a 2D...

Kobchenko, Maya; Renard, Francois; Dysthe, Dag Kristian; Malthe-Sorenssen, Anders; Mazzini, Adriano; Scheibert, Julien; Jamtveit, Bjorn; Meakin, Paul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Primary electron transfer in photosynthetic reaction centers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple model is presented for the primary step in the photoinduced electron transfer in the photosynthetic reaction centers of Rps. viridis and Rb. sphaeroides. The interaction of the chromophore system (consisting of photoexcited donor P, conduction intermediate B{sub L}, and acceptor H{sub L}) with the environment is assumed to be negligible until vibronic deexcitation takes place resulting in a stochastically perturbed adiabatic electron transfer. This process constitutes a three-level problem. It is shown that this problem, in the present case, can be approximated by a two-level problem which can simple be solved. The unidirectionality of the electron flow is explained by coincidence of energy levels in the L branch due to evolutionary constraint.

Kitzing, E.V.; Kuhn, H. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Biophysikalische Chemie, Goettingen (Germany, F.R.))

1990-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

214

Status of fossil energy resources: A global perspective  

SciTech Connect

This article deals with recently status of global fossil energy sources. Fossil energy sources have been split into three categories: oil,coal, and natural gas. Fossil fuels are highly efficient and cheap. Currently oil is the fastest primary energy source in the world (39% of world energy consumption). Coal will be a major source of energy for the world for the foreseeable future (24% of world energy consumption). In 2030, coal covers 45% of world energy needs. Natural gas is expected to be the fastest growing component of world energy consumption (23% of world energy consumption). Fossil fuel extraction and conversion to usable energy has several environmental impacts. They could be a major contributor to global warming and greenhouse gases and a cause of acid rain; therefore, expensive air pollution controls are required.

Balat, M. [SILA Science, Trabzon (Turkey)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Combustor with two stage primary fuel assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combustor for a gas turbine having first and second passages for pre-mixing primary fuel and air supplied to a primary combustion zone. The flow of fuel to the first and second pre-mixing passages is separately regulated using a single annular fuel distribution ring having first and second row of fuel discharge ports. The interior portion of the fuel distribution ring is divided by a baffle into first and second fuel distribution manifolds and is located upstream of the inlets to the two pre-mixing passages. The annular fuel distribution ring is supplied with fuel by an annular fuel supply manifold, the interior portion of which is divided by a baffle into first and second fuel supply manifolds. A first flow of fuel is regulated by a first control valve and directed to the first fuel supply manifold, from which the fuel is distributed to first fuel supply tubes that direct it to the first fuel distribution manifold. From the first fuel distribution manifold, the first flow of fuel is distributed to the first row of fuel discharge ports, which direct it into the first pre-mixing passage. A second flow of fuel is regulated by a second control valve and directed to the second fuel supply manifold, from which the fuel is distributed to second fuel supply tubes that direct it to the second fuel distribution manifold. From the second fuel distribution manifold, the second flow of fuel is distributed to the second row of fuel discharge ports, which direct it into the second pre-mixing passage.

Sharifi, Mehran (Winter Springs, FL); Zolyomi, Wendel (Oviedo, FL); Whidden, Graydon Lane (Orlando, FL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Radioimmunoguided surgery in primary colon cancer  

SciTech Connect

Radioimmunoguided surgery (RIGS), the intraoperative use of a hand-held gamma detecting probe (GDP) to identify tissue containing radiolabeled monoclonal antibody (MAb), was performed upon 30 patients with primary colon carcinoma. Each patient received an intravenous injection of MAb B72.3 (1.0 to 0.25 mg) radiolabeled with {sup 125}I (5.0 to 1.0 mCi) 8 to 34 days before exploration. The GDP was used to measure radioactivity in colon tissue, tumor bed, nodal drainage areas, and areas of suspected metastases. Antibody localized to histologically documented tumor in 23 of 30 patients (77%). Tumor margins were more clearly defined in 20 of 30 patients (67%). GDP counts led to major alterations in surgical resection in five patients (17%) and changes in adjuvant therapy in four (14%). GDP counts identified occult liver metastases in two patients (7%) and correctly indicated the benign nature of liver masses in three (10%). In four patients (13%), occult nodal metastases were identified. RIGS can precisely delineate tumor margins, define the extent of nodal involvement, and localize occult tumor, providing a method of immediate intraoperative staging that may lessen recurrences and produce higher survival rates.

Nieroda, C.A.; Mojzisik, C.; Sardi, A.; Ferrara, P.J.; Hinkle, G.; Thurston, M.O.; Martin, E.W. Jr. (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Primary Piping Static Test Design Request  

SciTech Connect

It is requested that a design be initiated for the primary piping static test. This test is necessary to provide information as to the reliability of the pipe subjected to reactor operating conditions. The test conditions are as follows: temperature - 2000 F (isothermal), pressure effective - 42 psi, and test time - 10,000 hours. It will be necessary to test two sizes of pipe as shown on the preliminary piping layout (2.250-inch O.D. x .095-inch wall and 3 1/2 SCH. 10 pipe). The test specimens shall be jacketed in an inconel containment vessel. The test rig should be similar to the design of the 4-inch pressure vessels (T-1030244). In addition an outer containment vessel constructed of stainless steel must be provided around the clam shell heaters and the inconel containment vessel. This is to provide an inert atmosphere for the inconel vessel. Provisions should be made in the design for a 1/4-inch clad thermocouple. It is planned to use the pipe test as a vehicle for studying experimental Tc's (Cb-Mo and W-W.26% Re).

O' Brien, R.W.

1961-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

218

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "New Jersey" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,...

219

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Illinois" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,19...

220

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Virginia" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,19...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Texas" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,...

222

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Washington" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,...

223

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Montana" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,199...

224

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Maine" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,...

225

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "South Dakota" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,199...

226

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Kansas" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999...

227

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "West Virginia" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,19...

228

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Louisiana" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1...

229

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "New Hampshire" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,19...

230

Vocabulary Development and Instruction: A Handbook for Primary Grade Teachers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT AND INSTRUCTION: A HANDBOOK FOR PRIMARY GRADE TEACHERS by Mary B. Alldrin Master of Arts in Education Reading/Language Arts Option California State… (more)

Alldrin, Mary B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

UK Availability and Consumption of Primary and Secondary Fuels...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Availability and Consumption of Primary and Secondary Fuels (1974) The then UK Department of Energy, in conjunction with the UK Government Statistical Service published statistics...

232

Refining Primary Lead by Granulation–Leaching–Electrowinning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Primary lead production is usually viewed in terms of two distinct operations: ... and local energy costs are certainly factors that would be relevant in a choice ...

233

Table E1. Estimated Primary Energy Consumption in the United ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table E1. Estimated Primary Energy Consumption in the United States, Selected Years, 1635-1945 (Quadrillion Btu) Year: Fossil Fuels

234

Primary Lead Reduction—A Survey of Existing Smelters and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 1, 2000 ... Primary Lead Reduction—A Survey of Existing Smelters and Refineries by A.H. Siegmund. Publisher: TMS. Product Format: PDF. Pages: 55- ...

235

Table A22. Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption)...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Combustible Energy for Nonfuel" " Purposes by Census Region, Census Division, and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment," 1994 "...

236

U.S. Commercial Buildings Weather Adjusted Primary Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weather-Adjusted Primary Energy. 1. by Census Region and Principal. Building Activity, 1992, 1995, and 2003 (Million Btu per Building) Principal ...

237

U.S. Commercial Buildings Weather Adjusted Primary Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Using . Weather-Adjusted. Primary Energy. 1. by Census Region and Principal Building Activity, 1992, 1995, and 2003 (Thousand Btu per Square Foot) ...

238

Primary causes of wetland loss at Madison Bay, Terrebonne ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Get this from a library! Primary causes of wetland loss at Madison Bay, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana. [Robert A Morton; Ginger Tiling; Nicholas F ...

239

Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 3 Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview (Quadrillion Btu) Production Trade

240

Global Primary Aluminium Industry 2010 Life Cycle Inventory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within this framework, the Primary Aluminium Industry has established a global Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data set. Inventory flows include inputs of raw materials  ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Gas Pressure Scale Based on Primary Standard Piston ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Gas Pressure Scale Based on Primary Standard Piston Gauges. Summary: ... Distortion is a major contributor to uncertainty at higher pressures. ...

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

242

Photon Absorbed-Dose-to-Water Primary Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photon Absorbed-Dose-to-Water Primary Standards. ... and scattering/perturbation for the water calorimeter in both Co-60 and high-energy x-ray ...

2013-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

243

Texas Large Construction Site Notice for Primary Operators |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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244

Spatial and temporal responses of different crop-growing environments to agricultural drought: a study in Haryana state, India using NOAA AVHRR data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal responses to agricultural drought of different districts with different crop-growing environments were assessed using National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR)-derived ...

C. S. Murthy; M. V. R. Sesha Sai; K. Chandrasekar; P. S. Roy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Method of growing GaN films with a low density of structural defects using an interlayer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A dramatic reduction of the dislocation density in GaN was obtained by insertion of a single thin interlayer grown at an intermediate temperature (IT-IL) after the growth of an initial grown at high temperature. A description of the growth process is presented with characterization results aimed at understanding the mechanisms of reduction in dislocation density. A large percentage of the threading dislocations present in the first GaN epilayer are found to bend near the interlayer and do not propagate into the top layer which grows at higher temperature in a lateral growth mode. TEM studies show that the mechanisms of dislocation reduction are similar to those described for the epitaxial lateral overgrowth process, however a notable difference is the absence of coalescence boundaries.

Bourret-Courchesne, Edith D. (Richmond, CA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Growing Tulip Poplar Trees  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a tree from seed...I have found several self-seeding in my foundation plantings from compost I brought from a community compost area. (Locusts are another prominent tree species...

247

Performance of Primary Users in Spectrum Sharing Cognitive Radio Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the performance of the primary user in a multiuser cognitive radio environment. Using spectrum sharing method, multiple cognitive users compete to share a channel dedicated to the primary user in order to transmit their data to ... Keywords: Bit error rate, Channel capacity, Cognitive communications, Outage probability, Spectrum sharing, User scheduling

Abdallah K. Farraj; Eman M. Hammad

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Gene expression analysis of human primary prostate epithelial and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

expression analysis of human primary prostate epithelial and expression analysis of human primary prostate epithelial and fibroblast cell cultures to an acute dose of 10cGy J. Tyson McDonald Steward St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center Abstract Primary tissue represents a better model for studies than immortalized cell lines that are adapted to culture conditions and may no longer reflect a realistic biological state. In this study, normal tissues from clinically indicated robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy were grossly identified, sectioned into frozen or formalin fixed samples, and processed as primary cultures. Normal epithelial and fibroblast primary cell cultures were derived from regions of normal tissue, as confirmed by analysis on adjacent tissue by hematoxylin and eosin staining, were exposed to acute

250

"Magic mirror on the wall, who's the fastest Database of them all?" A Survey of Database Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarks are important tools for measuring the performance of database management systems (DBMS) and for understanding vendor claims of performance. This paper defines DBMS benchmarks, explores the role of the Transaction Processing Performance Council as the only benchmark standards organization, and surveys eight existing DBMS benchmarks for on-line transaction processing, relational, and object-oriented databases. 1 Introduction When examining the performance of a commercial database management system (DBMS),one is bombarded with vendor performance claims. Each vendor will shower you with claims of "tpsA-Local" ratings, or top performance on the "TPC-C" benchmark. If you are looking at a commercial object-oriented DBMS, vendors will tell you they have the best performance on the "Cattell" (or OO1 or "Sun") benchmark. The use of benchmark performance measurements by commercial DBMS vendors seems a bit like the Queen in Snow White asking the magic mirror who is the fairest. If the ...

Usaf Maj; Timothy J. Halloran; Timothy J. Halloran; Mark A. Roth; Mark A. Roth

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving energy savings for electronic equipment operating in low power modes  

SciTech Connect

An increasing amount of electricity is used by equipment that is neither fully ''on'' nor fully ''off.'' We call these equipment states low power modes, or ''lopomos.'' ''Standby'' and ''sleep'' are the most familiar lopomos, but some new products already have many modes. Lopomos are becoming common in household appliances, safety equipment, and miscellaneous products. Ross and Meier (2000) reports that several international studies have found standby power to be as much as 10 percent of residential energy consumption. Lopomo energy consumption is likely to continue growing rapidly as products with lopomos that use significant amounts of energy penetrate the market. Other sectors such as commercial buildings and industry also have lopomo energy use, perhaps totaling more in aggregate than that of households, but no comprehensive measurements have been made. In this paper, we propose a research agenda for study of lopomo energy consumption. This agenda has been developed with input from over 200 interested parties. Overall, there is consensus that lopomo energy consumption is an important area for research. Many see this as a critical time for addressing lopomo issues. As equipment designs move from the binary ''on/off'' paradigm to one that encompasses multiple power modes, there is a unique opportunity to address the issue of low power mode energy consumption while technology development paths are still flexible.

Payne, Christopher T.; Meier, Alan K.

2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

252

Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

No person shall operate a source which has a significant impact on air quality in such a manner as to cause or contribute to a violation of ambient air quality standards. Connecticut primary and...

253

The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) maintains a wide variety...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for the US Department of Energy under contract DE-ACO4-94AL85000. The Primary Standards Laboratory (PSL) and Sandia's Radiation Protection organization maintain a variety...

254

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Utah" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2...

255

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Iowa" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2...

256

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "Ohio" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2...

257

Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 5. Electric Power Industry Generation by Primary Energy Source, 1990 Through 2010 (Megawatthours)" "New York" "Energy Source",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,19...

258

AEO2011: Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring Regions

259

Primary aluminum production : climate policy, emissions and costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate policy regarding perfluorocarbons (PFCs) may have a significant influence on investment decisions in the production of primary aluminum. This work demonstrates an integrated analysis of the effectiveness and likely ...

Harnisch, Jochen.; Sue Wing, Ian.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.

260

Single Crystal Superalloys: The Transition from Primary to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

clear to what extent this is due to an intrinsic link between the mechanisms of primary ..... Weak beam micrograph of A deformed to the start of secondary creep at ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

PWR Primary Water Chemistry Guidelines: Volume 1 Revision 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-of-the art water chemistry programs help ensure the continued integrity of reactorcoolant system (RCS) materials of construction and fuel cladding, ensure satisfactorycore performance, and support the industry trend toward reduced radiation fields. These revised PWR Primary Water Chemistry Guidelines, prepared by a committee ofindustry experts, reflect the recent field and laboratory data on primary coolant systemcorrosion and performance issues. PWR operators can use these Guidelines to updatethei...

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

262

Pressurized Water Reactor Primary Zinc Application Sourcebook, Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities continually strive to optimize core design, address primary system material issues, and minimize dose impact on plant personnel. To meet these challenges, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Westinghouse, and Southern Nuclear-Plant Farley began zinc injection in 1994 for mitigation of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) and radiation field reductions. Additional information from industry research continues to show the beneficial impact of zinc injection on radiation fields...

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

263

IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative The GPPDI Workshop was held in Cincinnati, U.S.A., December 1996 (Olson et al., 1997). Summary (September 1996) by Dick Olson and Steve Prince from Global Change Newsletter No. 27; International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: A Study of Global Change (IGBP) of the International Council of Scientific Unions Global modelling and monitoring of net primary production (NPP) is being given high priority in IGBP owing to increasing concern over issues such as the consequences of perturbations in the carbon cycle, the impacts of global land-use change, global climate change, and global food security. Significant advances have been made in process modelling and in the use of remote sensing to monitor global vegetation. The advances in modelling and remote sensing of NPP have highlighted the lack of readily available, reliable information from field studies with which to parameterise and validate the models. The Global Primary Production Data Initiative (GPPDI) is intended to remedy this problem by identifying existing field data sets of primary production and associated environmental data. The programme is using data sets for representative sites, and extrapolating or regionalising the better data sets to grid cells sizes of up to 0.5º x 0.5º. Emphasis is on variables needed to parameterise and validate primary production models, including above and below ground NPP, standing crop, LAI, climate data, site data and landscape variability.

264

Vasculatures in Tumors Growing From Preirradiated Tissues: Formed by Vasculogenesis and Resistant to Radiation and Antiangiogenic Therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate vasculatures and microenvironment in tumors growing from preirradiated tissues (pre-IR tumors) and study the vascular responses of pre-IR tumors to radiation and antiangiogenic therapy. Methods and Materials: Transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate C1 tumors were implanted into unirradiated or preirradiated tissues and examined for vascularity, hypoxia, and tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) infiltrates by immunohistochemistry. The origin of tumor endothelial cells was studied by green fluorescent protein-tagged bone marrow (GFP-BM) transplantation. The response of tumor endothelial cells to radiation and antiangiogenic agent was evaluated by apoptotic assay. Results: The pre-IR tumors had obvious tumor bed effects (TBE), with slower growth rate, lower microvascular density (MVD), and more necrotic and hypoxic fraction compared with control tumors. The vessels were dilated, tightly adhered with pericytes, and incorporated with transplanted GFP-BM cells. In addition, hypoxic regions became aggregated with TAM. As pre-IR tumors developed, the TBE was overcome at the tumor edge where the MVD increased, TAM did not aggregate, and the GFP-BM cells did not incorporate into the vessels. The vessels at tumor edge were more sensitive to the following ionizing radiation and antiangiogenic agent than those in the central low MVD regions. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that vasculatures in regions with TBE are mainly formed by vasculogenesis and resistant to radiation and antiangiogenic therapy. Tumor bed effects could be overcome at the edge of larger tumors, but where vasculatures are formed by angiogenesis and sensitive to both treatments. Vasculatures formed by vasculogenesis should be the crucial target for the treatment of recurrent tumors after radiotherapy.

Chen, Fang-Hsin; Chiang, Chi-Shiun [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan (China); Wang, Chun-Chieh [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-LinKou, Taiwan (China); Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Chang Gung University, Taiwan (China); Fu, Sheng-Yung [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan (China); Tsai, Chien-Sheng [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-LinKou, Taiwan (China); Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Chang Gung University, Taiwan (China); Jung, Shih-Ming [Department of Pathology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-LinKou, Taiwan (China); Wen, Chih-Jen [Animal Molecular Imaging Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-LinKou, Taiwan (China); Lee, Chung-Chi [Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Chang Gung University, Taiwan (China); Hong, Ji-Hong, E-mail: jihong@adm.cgmh.org.tw [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-LinKou, Taiwan (China); Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Chang Gung University, Taiwan (China)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Science communication is a rapidly growing vibrant field of expertise within the domain of science and technology. Science communicators can bridge the gap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Science communication is a rapidly growing vibrant field of expertise within the domain of science and technology. Science communicators can bridge the gap between science and society, and hence, take the fruits of science and technology down to the masses, and result in scientifically informed

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

266

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses that were the focus of her studies, but it was the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses like Introduction to Art History and The Near East from Alexander to Muhammad," she said. "In Pakistan at an orphanage in Mexico. Looking ahead, Ayesha intends to earn her medical degree and work in rural Pakistan. "I

267

Water UseWater Use ater is an essential part of life and an essential part of any farm. It is necessary for growing produce and often  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. It is necessary for growing produce and often for cleaning produce before it is sold. Water may also be usedWater UseWater Use W ater is an essential part of life and an essential part of any farm to protect crops from frost or to apply fertilizers or pesticides. Ensuring that you have clean water

Liskiewicz, Maciej

268

Generation of a Consistent Terrestrial Net Primary Production Data Set  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation of a Consistent Terrestrial Net Generation of a Consistent Terrestrial Net Primary Production Data Set Final Report NASA Reference Number TE/99-0005 May 3, 2001 Richard J. Olson and Jonathan M. O. Scurlock Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6407 This project, "Generation of a Consistent Terrestrial Net Primary Production Data Set", is a coordinated, international effort to compile global estimates of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP) for parameterization, calibration, and validation of NPP models. The project (NASA Reference Number TE/99-0005) was funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Office of Earth Science, Terrestrial Ecology Program under Interagency Agreement number 2013-M164-A1, under

269

Radiation Chemistry of Ionic Liquids: Reactivity of Primary Species  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquids: Reactivity of Primary Species Liquids: Reactivity of Primary Species James F. Wishart In "Ionic Liquids as Green Solvents: Progress and Prospects" Rogers, R. D. and Seddon, K. R. , Eds.; ACS Symp. Ser. 856, Ch. 31, pp. 381-395, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2003. (ISBN 0-84123-856-1) [Information about the book] Abstract: An understanding of the radiation chemistry of ionic liquids is important for development of their applications in radioactive material processing and for the application of pulse radiolysis techniques to the general study of chemical reactivity in ionic liquids. The distribution of primary radiolytic species and their reactivities determine the yields of ultimate products and the radiation stability of a particular ionic liquid. This chapter introduces some principles of radiation chemistry and the

270

Safety and performance enhancement circuit for primary explosive detonators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A safety and performance enhancement arrangement for primary explosive detonators. This arrangement involves a circuit containing an energy storage capacitor and preset self-trigger to protect the primary explosive detonator from electrostatic discharge (ESD). The circuit does not discharge into the detonator until a sufficient level of charge is acquired on the capacitor. The circuit parameters are designed so that normal ESD environments cannot charge the protection circuit to a level to achieve discharge. When functioned, the performance of the detonator is also improved because of the close coupling of the stored energy.

Davis, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

271

Density derived estimates of standing crop and net primary production in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

estimates of standing crop and net primary production in thevariables of standing crop and net primary production (NPP)southern California. Standing crop was much more strongly

Reed, Daniel; Rassweiler, Andrew; Arkema, Katie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural gas trails coal as the fastest growing primary energy source in IEO2006. Natural gas trails coal as the fastest growing primary energy source in IEO2006. The natural gas share of total world energy consumption increases from 24 percent in 2003 to 26 percent in 2030. Consumption of natural gas worldwide increases from 95 trillion cubic feet in 2003 to 182 trillion cubic feet in 2030 in the IEO2006 reference case (Figure 34). Although natural gas is expected to be an important fuel source in the electric power and industrial sectors, the annual growth rate for natural gas consumption in the projec- tions is slightly lower than the growth rate for coal con- sumption-in contrast to past editions of the IEO. Higher world oil prices in IEO2006 increase the demand for and price of natural gas, making coal a more econom- ical fuel source in the projections. Natural gas consumption worldwide increases at an average rate of 2.4 percent

273

PWR Primary-to-Secondary Leak Guidelines - Revision 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Primary-to-secondary leakage of steam generator tubes in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) can result from mechanisms that propagate slowly or rapidly. This report represents Revision 3 of industry-wide guidelines first proposed in 1995 to address the issue of leakage.

2004-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

274

Survey of Iron and Nickel Concentrations in PWR Primary Coolant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concentrations of iron and nickel corrosion products in primary coolant water were measured at eleven different pressurized water reactors. Two reactors experienced anomalies in the axial power distribution during the cycles that were sampled. The axial power distribution anomalies appeared to be associated with high-coolant nickel concentrations early in the fuel cycle.

2001-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

275

Dynamics affecting the primary charge transfer in photosynthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of a 60-picosecond molecular dynamics trajectory of the reaction center of Rhodopseudomonas viridis provides an understanding of observations concerning vibrational coherence and the nonexponential kinetics of the primary charge transfer in photosynthesis. Complex kinetics arise from energy gap correlations that persist beyond 1 picosecond.

Gehlen, J.N.; Marchi, M.; Chandler, D. (Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States))

1994-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

276

Primary Standards Laboratory report 1st half 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories operates the Primary Standards Laboratory for the Department of Energy, Albuquerque Operations Office (DOE/AL). This report summarizes metrology activities that received emphasis in the first half of 1993 and provides information pertinent to the operation of the DOE/AL system-wide Standards and Calibration Program.

Levy, W.G.T. [comp.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Use of lidar data to simulate forest net primary production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method has been recently presented to predict the net primary production NPP of Mediterranean forests by integrating conventional and remote-sensing data. This method was based on the use of two models, C-Fix and BIOME-BGC, whose outputs are combined ...

Fabio Maselli; Riccardo Mari; Marta Chiesi

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

A high speed transcription interface for annotating primary linguistic data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new transcription mode for the annotation tool ELAN. This mode is designed to speed up the process of creating transcriptions of primary linguistic data (video and/or audio recordings of linguistic behaviour). We survey the basic transcription ...

Mark Dingemanse; Jeremy Hammond; Herman Stehouwer; Aarthy Somasundaram; Sebastian Drude

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

"Table A3. Total Primary Consumption of Combustible Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"*",0,"*","*",0,0,0,"*",32.5 3274," Lime","*",0,0,"*",0,"Q","W","*",31.9 3296," Mineral Wool","*",0,"W","*","W",0,0,"*",2 33,"Primary Metal Industries",909,"W","*",22,"W",808,17,54...

280

"Table A3. Total Primary Consumption of Combustible Energy...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"*",0,21,"*",0,0,0,"*",32.5 3274," Lime","*",0,0,"*",0,"Q","W","*",31.9 3296," Mineral Wool","*",0,"W","*","W",0,0,"*",2 33,"Primary Metal Industries",909,"W",61,22,"W",30190,671,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Direct use geothermal energy utilization for ethanol production and commercial mushroom growing at Brady's Hot Springs, Nevada. Volume 1. Technical feasibility  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report is concerned with the technical and economic viability of constructing and operating two geothermally cascaded facilities, a bio-mass fuel ethanol production facility and a mushroom growing facility, where Geothermal Food Processors presently operates the world's largest direct-use geothermal vegetable dehydration facility. A review and analysis of the data generated from the various project tasks indicates that existing, state-of-the-art, ethanol production and mushroom growing technologies can be successfully adapted to include the use of geothermal energy. Additionally, a carefully performed assessment of the geothermal reservoir indicates that this resource is capable of supporting the yearly production of 10 million gallons of fuel ethanol and 1.5 million pounds of mushrooms, in addition to the demands of the dehydration plant. Further, data indicates that the two facilities can be logistically supported from existing agricultural and commerce sources located within economical distances from the geothermal source.

Not Available

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Microfinance regulation in China and India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The regulatory responses of Governments in different countries to emerging microfinance sectors have varied dramatically and as a result so have the outcomes for these sectors. As two of the fastest growing developing ...

Gowrie-Smith, Lachlan Ian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

An Evaluation of Multiscalar Drought Indices in Nevada and Eastern California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nevada and eastern California are home to some of the driest and warmest climates, most mountainous regions, and fastest growing metropolitan areas of the United States. Throughout Nevada and eastern California, snow-dominated watersheds provide ...

Daniel J. McEvoy; Justin L. Huntington; John T. Abatzoglou; Laura M. Edwards

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

NETL: News Release - DOE Launches Carbon Dioxide Sequestration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Injecting an oil reservoir with CO2-the same gas that gives soda pop its fizz-thins crude oil left behind and moves it to producing wells. As the fastest-growing technique for...

285

Interpretation of Tropical Cyclone Forecast Sensitivity from the Singular Vector Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the leading singular vectors (SVs), which are the fastest-growing perturbations (in a linear sense) to a given forecast, are used to examine and classify the dynamic relationship between tropical cyclones (TCs) and synoptic-scale ...

Jan-Huey Chen; Melinda S. Peng; Carolyn A. Reynolds; Chun-Chieh Wu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Understanding Utah Winter Storms: The Intermountain Precipitation Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Winter storms and their prediction are of increasing importance throughout the region of the United States with the fastest growing population, the Intermountain West. Such storms can produce heavy orographic snowfall, lake-effect snowbands, and ...

David M. Schultz; W. James Steenburgh; R. Jeffrey Trapp; John Horel; David E. Kingsmill; Lawrence B. Dunn; W. David Rust; Linda Cheng; Aaron Bansemer; Justin Cox; John Daugherty; David P. Jorgensen; José Meitín; Les Showell; Bradley F. Smull; Keli Tarp; Marilu Trainor

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

EIA Renewable Energy-Wind Data and Information  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind generation. Wind power has been the fastest-growing source of new electric power generation for several years. In 2010, generation from wind power increased 28.1 ...

288

Waiting for the interurban : the politics of light-rail planning in Seattle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation systems pose some of the most intractable challenges to sustainable, climate-friendly cities. As the fastest growing source of greenhouse-gas emissions, transportation is critical to sustainability. Yet ...

Foltz, Kimberly

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Language resources and localisation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Localisation is one of the fastest growing industrial sectors in the digital world. Since the mid-eighties, the role of localisation has developed and changed dramatically. Localisation has been redefined as the provision of services and technologies ...

Reinhard Schäler

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Advantages and Challenges of Wind Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Wind energy offers many advantages, which explains why it's the fastest-growing energy source in the world. Research efforts are aimed at addressing the challenges to greater use of wind energy.

291

The development of novel excipients for the stabilization of proteins against aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although protein based therapeutics is the fastest growing sector of the pharmaceutical industry, production costs remain incredibly high and rapid commercialization of new protein drug candidates are not being fully ...

Schneider, Curtiss P. (Curtiss Paul)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

EMC Corporation: Managing IT M&A Integrations to Enable Profitable Growth by Acquisitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMC Corporation is one of the fastest profitably growing public companies in the United States. It pursues both organic and acquisitive growth. Between 2005 and 2010, it acquired over 50 companies. EMC used to be a vendor ...

Tanriverdi, Hüseyin

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Drinking up the desert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As one of the fastest-growing cities in America, Tucson, Arizona suffers from a classic case of urban sprawl. Fueled by the prevalence of lot splits and cheap suburban land, little was done to curb the city's unsustainable ...

Song, Lisa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

RUTGERS ECONOMIC ADVISORY SERVICE CENTER FOR URBAN POLICY RESEARCH EDWARD J. BLOUSTEIN SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND PUBLIC POLICY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decrease slightly in utilities. All other major sectors will experience employment gains. The services. The fastest-growing industries will be "other services," 1 business services, nonbank finance, 2 and hotels

295

Supplying Baseload Power and Reducing Transmission Requirements by Interconnecting Wind Farms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind is the world’s fastest growing electric energy source. Because it is intermittent, though, wind is not used to supply baseload electric power today. Interconnecting wind farms through the transmission grid is a simple and effective way of ...

Cristina L. Archer; Mark Z. Jacobson

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Large Neighborhood Search for LNG Inventory Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural gas is expected to be the world's fastest growing fossil fuel with consumption increas- ing at an average rate of 1.6% per year from 2008 to 2035 [

297

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

world's fastest-growing energy sources, each increasing by 2.5 percent per year. However, fossil fuels continue to supply almost 80 percent of world energy use through 2040....

298

Big box, no more quick fixes : a historical account of consumption, retail and discount shopping typologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As of 2011, the fastest growing sectors of the American economy are related to, or directly involved in the retail business. The conditions which led to this phenomenon are rooted in the fundamental precepts of capitalism, ...

Scanlon, Erik R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The Political Economy of Wind Power in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a lack of flexible generation sources (such as natural gas),China‘s electricity generation mix. Source: Karhl et al. ,fired generation has been by far the fastest growing source

Swanson, Ryan Landon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Unstable Waves on Oceanic Fronts: Large Amplitude Behavior and Mean Flow Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primitive equation numerical model is used to study the large amplitude behavior of unstable waves on an oceanic density front, concentrating on a single wave mode corresponding to the fastest growing linear solution. At Small amplitude the ...

Richard A. Wood

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fun and Games: Multi-Language Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer games (or "electronic games" if you encompass those games played on console-class hardware) comprise one of the fastest-growing application markets in the world. Within the development community that creates these entertaining marvels, multi-language ...

Andrew M. Phelps; David M. Parks

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

La Casita -- housing designed for Latinos : two cases from Southern California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the nation's fastest growing minority group, Latinos are expected to be the main engine of household growth over the next decade. This demographic trend is most apparent in Southern California. While much attention has ...

Murillo, Brittanya Alicia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

EBR-II Primary Tank Wash-Water Alternatives Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EBR-II reactor at Idaho National Laboratory was a liquid sodium metal cooled reactor that operated for 30 years. It was shut down in 1994; the fuel was removed by 1996; and the bulk of sodium metal coolant was removed from the reactor by 2001. Approximately 1100 kg of residual sodium remained in the primary system after draining the bulk sodium. To stabilize the remaining sodium, both the primary and secondary systems were treated with a purge of moist carbon dioxide. Most of the residual sodium reacted with the carbon dioxide and water vapor to form a passivation layer of primarily sodium bicarbonate. The passivation treatment was stopped in 2005 and the primary system is maintained under a blanket of dry carbon dioxide. Approximately 670 kg of sodium metal remains in the primary system in locations that were inaccessible to passivation treatment or in pools of sodium that were too deep for complete penetration of the passivation treatment. The EBR-II reactor was permitted by the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) in 2002 under a RCRA permit that requires removal of all remaining sodium in the primary and secondary systems by 2022. The proposed baseline closure method would remove the large components from the primary tank, fill the primary system with water, react the remaining sodium with the water and dissolve the reaction products in the wash water. This method would generate a minimum of 100,000 gallons of caustic, liquid, low level radioactive, hazardous waste water that must be disposed of in a permitted facility. On February 19-20, 2008, a workshop was held in Idaho Falls, Idaho, to look at alternatives that could meet the RCRA permit clean closure requirements and minimize the quantity of hazardous waste generated by the cleanup process. The workshop convened a panel of national and international sodium cleanup specialists, subject matter experts from the INL, and the EBR-II Wash Water Project team that organized the workshop. The workshop was conducted by a trained facilitator using Value Engineering techniques to elicit the most technically sound solutions from the workshop participants. The path forward includes developing the OBA into a well engineered solution for achieving RCRA clean closure of the EBR-II Primary Reactor Tank system. Several high level tasks are also part of the path forward such as reassigning responsibility of the cleanup project to a dedicated project team that is funded by the DOE Office of Environmental Management, and making it a priority so that adequate funding is available to complete the project. Based on the experience of the sodium cleanup specialists, negotiations with the DEQ will be necessary to determine a risk-based de minimus quantity for acceptable amount of sodium that can be left in the reactor systems after cleanup has been completed.

Demmer, R. L.; Heintzelman, J. B.; Merservey, R. H.; Squires, L. N.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Cosmic-Ray Positrons: Are There Primary Sources?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cosmic rays at the Earth include a secondary component originating in collisions of primary particles with the diffuse interstellar gas. The secondary cosmic rays are relatively rare but carry important information on the Galactic propagation of the primary particles. The secondary component includes a small fraction of antimatter particles, positrons and antiprotons. In addition, positrons and antiprotons may also come from unusual sources and possibly provide insight into new physics. For instance, the annihilation of heavy supersymmetric dark matter particles within the Galactic halo could lead to positrons or antiprotons with distinctive energy signatures. With the High-Energy Antimatter Telescope (HEAT) balloon-borne instrument, we have measured the abundances of positrons and electrons at energies between 1 and 50 GeV. The data suggest that indeed a small additional antimatter component may be present that cannot be explained by a purely secondary production mechanism. Here we describe the signature of the effect and discuss its possible origin.

Stephane Coutu; Steven W. Barwick; James J. Beatty; Amit Bhattacharyya; Chuck R. Bower; Christopher J. Chaput; Georgia A. de Nolfo; Michael A. DuVernois; Allan Labrador; Shawn P. McKee; Dietrich Muller; James A. Musser; Scott L. Nutter; Eric Schneider; Simon P. Swordy; Gregory Tarle; Andrew D. Tomasch; Eric Torbet

1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

305

Energetics and Kinetics of Primary Charge Separation in Bacterial Photosynthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the results of Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations and formal modeling of the free energy surfaces and reaction rates of primary charge separation in the reaction center of \\textit{Rhodobacter sphaeroides}. Two simulation protocols were used to produce MD trajectories. Standard force field potentials were employed in the first protocol. In the second protocol, the special pair was made polarizable to reproduce a high polarizability of its photoexcited state observed by Stark spectroscopy. The charge distribution between covalent and charge-transfer states of the special pair was dynamically adjusted during the simulation run. We found from both protocols that the breadth of electrostatic fluctuations of the protein/water environment far exceeds previous estimates resulting in about 1.6 eV reorganization energy of electron transfer in the first protocol and 2.5 eV in the second protocol. Most of these electrostatic fluctuations become dynamically frozen on the time-scale of primary charge separation ...

LeBard, David N; Matyushov, Dmitry V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

High temperature sodium testing of the CRBR prototype primary pump  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Qualification testing in sodium of the CRBR primary pump was conducted through 1982. This paper presents an overview of the test program, a description of the Sodium Pump Test Facility (largest of its kind in the world), a brief description of the test article and summary overview of results. Of special interest were the high temperature gas convection tests and the extensive flow/speed control (dynamic) tests. Special innovative test methods were employed to investigate these phenomena.

Tessier, M.J.; Grimaldi, J.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Commercial Reference Building: Primary School | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Primary School Primary School Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Primary School for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for the three categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

308

Global net primary production and heterotrophic respiration for 1987  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ecosystem process model, BIOME-BGC, was parameterized and used to simulate the actual net primary production and heterotrophic respiration using daily climatic data, land cover type, leaf area index gridded to 1{degree} latitude by 1{degree} longitude grid cells for the year 1987. Global net primary production was 52 Pg C. These estimates were validated directly by two different methods. First, the grid cells were aggregated and used as inputs to a 3D atmospheric transport model, to compare CO{sub 2} station data with predictions. We simulated the intra-annual variation of atmospheric CO{sub 2} well for the northern hemisphere, but not for the southern hemisphere. Second, we calculated the net {sup 13}C uptake of vegetation, which is a function of water use efficiency. The {sup 13}C/{sup 12}C ratios agreed with measured data, indicating a strong limitation of global primary processes by the hydrologic cycle, especially precipitation. These are different from other global carbon models as we can simulate the year-to-year variation of climate, including El Nino, on the global carbon cycle.

Hunt, R.E. Jr.; Piper, S.C.; Nemani, R. [Univ. of Montana, Missoula, MT (United States)]|[Scripps Institute of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA (United States)] [and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Cool Roofs Are Ready to Save Energy, Cool Urban Heat Islands, and Help Slow Global Warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

roofing is the fastest growing sector roofing is the fastest growing sector of the building industry, as building owners and facility managers realize the immediate and long-term benefits of roofs that stay cool in the sun. Studies exploring the energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of cool roofs show that in warm or hot climates, substituting a cool roof for a conventional roof can: * Reduce by up to 15% the annual air-

310

International Energy Outlook 1998  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas By 2020, the world’s annual consumption of natural gas is projected to be more than double the 1995 level. Much of the growth is expected to fuel electricity generation worldwide. Reserves Regional Activity Natural gas is expected to be the fastest-growing primary energy source in the world over the next 25 years. In the IEO98 reference case, gas consumption grows by 3.3 percent annually through 2020, as compared with 2.1-percent annual growth for oil and renewables and 2.2 percent for coal. By 2020, the world’s consumption of natural gas is projected to equal 172 trillion cubic feet, more than double the 1995 level (Figure 43). Much of the growth is expected to fuel electricity generation worldwide (Figure 44), but resource availability, cost, and environmental considerations will

311

NPO Qualifying Officials Primary Functional Area* Qualifying Official  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NPO Qualifying Officials NPO Qualifying Officials Primary Functional Area* Qualifying Official Aviation Safety Officer/ Aviation Manager Richard Caummisar Chemical Processing Jim Goss, Ken Ivey Civil/Structural Engineering Dale Christensen Conduct of Maintenance Any Qualified Facility Representative, Carlos Alvarado, Earl Burkholder, Terrv Zimmennan Construction Management and Engineering Anna Beard, Terry Zimmennan, Dale Christenson, Don Peters Construction Project/Safety Richard Caummisar, Terry Zimmerman, Susan Morris Criticality Safety Roy Hedtke, Ed Kendall Deactivation and Decommission Catherine Schidel Explosives Safety Program Scott Wood Electrical Systems Scott Doleml, Roger Kulavich, Steve Wellbaum .Emergency Management Rodney Barnes Environmental Management Areas Susan Morris. Craig Snider, Jim Donnelly

312

The primary control on ancient land plant diversity is climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reproductive strategy and competition have been proposed as determinants of ancient land plant diversity. However climate is the primary control on modern plant productivity and diversity and may be the primary control on ancient diversity. For Silurian through Mid-Carboniferous land plants, the most profound diversity collapse and the greatest diversity increase occurred during times of global climate change. In the middle to late Frasnian, land plant diversity fell precipitously and remained low through the middle Famennian. Global warming probably triggered this event. Climate models suggest global warming at the end of Frasnian; the cosmopolitan faunas and floras of the Famennian indicate a uniform global climate. The diverse floras of the late Givetian and early Frasnian show pronounced latitudinal differentiation which disappeared after the diversity collapse. The depauperate floras of the late Frasnian--middle Famennian fall into two or three biogeographic units, each of which spans a large paleolatitudinal range. Land plant diversity remained constant during the Early Carboniferous and rose dramatically at the Mid-Carboniferous boundary at the onset of, and perhaps in response to, Southern Hemisphere glaciation. Polar glaciation contributes to ever wet, ever warm tropical climate because polar high pressure zones confine the intertropical convergence zone to a narrow latitudinal belt near the equator. As land plant diversity rose, the paleoequatorial coal belt of the Late Carboniferous became established, suggesting a correlation between increases in land plant diversity and tropical precipitation.

Raymond, A. (Texas A M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Geology)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

PRELIMINARY STRESS AND FATIGUE ANALYSIS OF THE SM-1 PRIMARY SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary analysis of the SM-1 primary system showed it-was safe from strain cycling damage with the possible exception of steam generator tube sheet and primary pump casing. These are recommended for further analysis. (auth)

Chittum, R.A.; Knipe, R.K.; McLaughlin, D.W.

1962-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

314

California Is the Primary U.S. Stop for LHC's ALICE Data - NERSC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Is the Primary U.S. Stop for LHC's ALICE Data California Is the Primary U.S. Stop for LHC's ALICE Data July 30, 2010 | Tags: Fusion Energy Contact: Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510...

315

Net primary energy balance of a solar-driven photo-electrochemical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Net primary energy balance of a solar-driven photo-electrochemical water-splitting device Title Net primary energy balance of a solar-driven photo-electrochemical water-splitting...

316

A Comparison of TCO2 and 14C Estimates of Primary Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17. Linear regression of the production of dissolved organicof marine primary production through time. Modified estimateplanktonic community production. ”” Limnology and

Broughton, Jennifer Anne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Steam Generator Management Program: Assessment of Channel Head Susceptibility to Primary Water Stress Corrosion Cracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There have been several documented cases of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) indications in the divider plate assembly in Westinghouse model steam generators in operation outside the United States. These indications were observed in plants that operated with proper primary water chemistry. The function of the divider plate in most steam generators is to separate the cold and hot legs of the channel head as the primary water enters the steam generator so that the primary coolant flows up in...

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

318

Primary charge separation in isolated photosystem II reaction centers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Primary charge-separation in isolated bacterial reaction center (RC) complex occurs in 2.8 ps at room temperature and 0.7--1.2 ps at 10 K. Because of similarities between the bacterial and photosystem II (PSII) RCs, it has been of considerable interest to obtain analogous charge-separation rates in the higher plant system. Our previous femtosecond transient absorption studies used PSII RC material stabilized with PEG or by exchanging dodecyl maltoside (DM) for Triton in the isolation procedure. These materials gave charge-separation 1/e times of 3.0 [plus minus] 0.6 ps at 4[degree]C and 1.4[plus minus] 0.2 ps at 15 K based on the risetime of transient absorption kinetics at 820 nm. These values were thought to represent the time required for formation of the P680[sup +]-Pheo[sup [minus

Seibert, M.; Toon, S. (National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)); Govindjee (Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (United States)); O'Neil, M.P.; Wasielewski, M.R. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

ORNL DAAC, Net Primary Productivity Data, Feb. 5, 2003  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compilation Available Compilation Available The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a Net Primary Productivity (NPP) compilation that brings together individual detailed site NPP data from the ORNL DAAC holdings in a form that is especially useful for comparative study and ecosystem modeling. "NPP Multi-Biome: Grassland, Boreal Forest, and Tropical Forest Sites, 1939-1996" offers NPP estimates, vegetation type, and climate information for 53 sites in the ORNL DAAC archive. Selection of the sites was originally based on the availability of consistent NPP and biomass data from the literature. The data set encompasses 34 grasslands, 14 tropical forest sites, and 5 boreal forest sites. Half of the sites include estimates of belowground NPP. Visit the NPP project page to access the NPP data and documentation

320

Vapor Pressures and Heats of Vaporization of Primary Coal Tars  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

/ PC92544-18 / PC92544-18 VAPOR PRESSURES AND HEATS OF VAPORIZATION OF PRIMARY COAL TARS FINAL REPORT Grant Dates: August, 1992 - November, 1996 Principal Authors: Eric M. Suuberg (PI) and Vahur Oja Report Submitted: April, 1997 Revised: July, 1997 Grant Number: DE-FG22-92PC92544 Report Submitted by: ERIC M. SUUBERG DIVISION OF ENGINEERING BROWN UNIVERSITY PROVIDENCE, RI 02912 TEL. (401) 863-1420 Prepared For: U. S. DEPT. OF ENERGY FEDERAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CENTER P.O. BOX 10940 PITTSBURGH, PA 15236 DR. KAMALENDU DAS, FETC, MORGANTOWN , WV TECHNICAL PROJECT OFFICER "US/DOE Patent Clearance is not required prior to the publication of this document" ii United States Government Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any

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321

Thermal characteristics of a classical solar telescope primary mirror  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed thermal and structural analysis of a 2m class solar telescope mirror which is subjected to a varying heat load at an observatory site. A 3-dimensional heat transfer model of the mirror takes into account the heating caused by a smooth and gradual increase of the solar flux during the day-time observations and cooling resulting from the exponentially decaying ambient temperature at night. The thermal and structural response of two competing materials for optical telescopes, namely Silicon Carbide -best known for excellent heat conductivity and Zerodur -preferred for its extremely low coefficient of thermal expansion, is investigated in detail. The insight gained from these simulations will provide a valuable input for devising an efficient and stable thermal control system for the primary mirror.

Banyal, Ravinder K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Interfacing primary heat sources and cycles for thermochemical hydrogen production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advantages cited for hydrogen production from water by coupling thermochemical cycles with primary heat include the possibility of high efficiencies. These can be realized only if the cycle approximates the criteria required to match the characteristics of the heat source. Different types of cycles may be necessary for fission reactors, for fusion reactors or for solar furnaces. Very high temperature processes based on decomposition of gaseous H/sub 2/O or CO/sub 2/ appear impractical even for projected solar technology. Cycles based on CdO decomposition are potentially quite efficient and require isothermal heat at temperatures that may be available from solar furnaces of fusion reactors. Sulfuric acid and solid sulfate cycles are potentially useful at temperatures available from each heat source. Solid sulfate cycles offer advantages for isothermal heat sources. All cycles under development include concentration and drying steps. Novel methods for improving such operations would be beneficial.

Bowman, M.G.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Assessment of the magnesium primary production technology. Final report  

SciTech Connect

At current production levels, direct energy savings achievable in primary magnesium production are 1.2 milliquads of energy per annum. Were magnesium to penetrate the automotive market to an average level of 50 pounds per vehicle, the resultant energy savings at the production stage would be somewhat larger, but the resulting savings in gasoline would conserve an estimated 325 milliquads of energy per year. The principal barrier to more widespread use of magnesium in the immediate future is its price. A price reduction of magnesium of 10% would lead to widespread conversion of aluminum die and permanent mold castings to magnesium. This report addresses the technology of electrolytic and thermic magnesium production and the economics of expanded magnesium production and use.

Flemings, M.C.; Kenney, G.B.; Sadoway, D.R.; Clark, J.P.; Szekely, J.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

PRIMARY SHIELDING CALCULATIONS ON THE IBM 650 (ROC CODES)  

SciTech Connect

Four programs written for the IBM 650 to calculate the gamma dose rates in the primary shielding of thermal reactors are described. Their functions are outlined as follows: Program 651-calculates the core attenuation coefficient and equivalent core gamma volumetric source values for a specific core. Program 652- calculates the activation gamma source data in the shield and prepares tabular data in machine storage for Programs 653 and 654. Program 653- calculates the gamma dose rates in the shield due to gammas arising from activation of shield materials. Program 654calculates the gamma dose rates in the shield due to gammas arising in the core. Gamma photo source values are obtained on the basis of two group neutron flux distributions throughout the reactor core and shield. (W.D.M.)

Rosen, S.S.; Oby, P.V.; Caton, R.L.

1958-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

RELAP5 MODEL OF THE DIVERTOR PRIMARY HEAT TRANSFER SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the RELAP5 model that has been developed for the divertor primary heat transfer system (PHTS). The model is intended to be used to examine the transient performance of the divertor PHTS and evaluate control schemes necessary to maintain parameters within acceptable limits during transients. Some preliminary results are presented to show the maturity of the model and examine general divertor PHTS transient behavior. The model can be used as a starting point for developing transient modeling capability, including control system modeling, safety evaluations, etc., and is not intended to represent the final divertor PHTS design. Preliminary calculations using the models indicate that during normal pulsed operation, present pressurizer controls may not be sufficient to keep system pressures within their desired range. Additional divertor PHTS and control system design efforts may be required to ensure system pressure fluctuation during normal operation remains within specified limits.

Popov, Emilian L [ORNL; Yoder Jr, Graydon L [ORNL; Kim, Seokho H [ORNL

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A STUDY OF THE PRIMARY SHIELD FOR THE PRDC REACTOR  

SciTech Connect

Temperature distributions, irradiation effects, stacking arrangements, voidage, and economics for the borated-graphite shield of the PRDC reactor were investigated. Of the shield systems considered, four are reported here. System 1 contalns 30 in. of 1% borated graphite, with either ordinary graphite or a cement as a filler for the remaindcr of the volume. The maximum temperature at the flex plates in this system was calculated to be 5OO deg F. Systems 2 and 3 consist of 2 in. of 5% borated graphite near the core vessel and 1/2 in. of Boral at the primary-shield tank. A filler material of carbon blocks is used in System 2 and graphite in System 3. The calculated maximum temperatures were 700 deg F and 35O deg F, respectively. System 4 consists of a laminated structure of Boral and graphite near the primary-shield tank and carbon-block filler. It was calculated to have a maximum temperature of 600 deg F at the flex plates. The maximum temperature at the flex plates recommended by APDA is 500 deg F. Energy storage and radiation damage were found to be within permissible limits in all four systems. However, these conclusions are based on experimental data from the Hanford reactor in which the neutron-energy spectrum differs considerably from the PRDC spectrum. A porosity of less than 740 cu ft is required in order that a sodium leak from the core vessel does not expose the core. The voidages in any of the systems mentioned above is about 400 cu ft excluding absorption effects. these are believed to be small. The systems coataining Boral were found to be less expensive than the ones using only borated graphite. Over-all material costs range between 0,000 for Boral systems and 0,000 for borated- graphite systems. (auth)

Epstein, H.M.; Dingee, D.A.; Chastain, J.W.

1957-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

A Theoretical Study of the Wet Removal of Atmospheric Pollutants. Part II: The Uptake and Redistribution Of (NH4)2SO4 Particles and SO2 Gas Simultaneously Scavenged by Growing Cloud Drops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical model has been formulated which allows the processes which control the wet deposition of atmospheric aerosol particles and pollutant gases to be included in cloud dynamic models. The cloud considered in the model was allowed to grow ...

A. I. Flossmann; H. R. Pruppacher; J. H. Topalian

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Mitigation, Adaptation, Uncertainty -- Growing Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

naturally flows into Lake Michigan; all surface and ground-reversed, away from Lake Michigan, making the river thewater (extracted from Lake Michigan) per day. This water

Felsen, Martin; Dunn, Sarah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Framework combining static optimization, dynamic scheduling and decision analysis applicable to complex primary HVAC&R systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The primary objective of this work is to propose a general and computationally efficient methodology for dynamic scheduling and optimal control of primary HVAC&R systems… (more)

Jiang, Wei

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Agency Bureau Primary Activity Code Secondary Activity Code  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENCLOSURE 1 ENCLOSURE 1 Agency Bureau Primary Activity Code Secondary Activity Code Additional Activity Code Description of Activity Competed Type of Competition Location (State) # of FTE in study # of Bids Received Start Date (Day/Mo/Yr) End Date (Day/Mo/Yr) Expected Phase-In Completion Date (Day/Mo/Yr) Actual Phase- In Completion Date (Day/Mo/Yr) Source Selection Strategy Used Winning Provider FY 2006 Costs Total Cost All Years Estimated Savings Period of Est. Savings (Performance Period--in years) Annualized Savings Actual Savings (if available) Saving Methodology: Calculation / Proxy Quantifiable Description of Improvements in Service or Performance (if appropriate) 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.628 FY 2007 FIXED COSTS*

331

Primary charge separation in isolated photosystem II reaction centers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Primary charge-separation in isolated bacterial reaction center (RC) complex occurs in 2.8 ps at room temperature and 0.7--1.2 ps at 10 K. Because of similarities between the bacterial and photosystem II (PSII) RCs, it has been of considerable interest to obtain analogous charge-separation rates in the higher plant system. Our previous femtosecond transient absorption studies used PSII RC material stabilized with PEG or by exchanging dodecyl maltoside (DM) for Triton in the isolation procedure. These materials gave charge-separation 1/e times of 3.0 {plus_minus} 0.6 ps at 4{degree}C and 1.4{plus_minus} 0.2 ps at 15 K based on the risetime of transient absorption kinetics at 820 nm. These values were thought to represent the time required for formation of the P680{sup +}-Pheo{sup {minus}} state. Recent results of Hastings et al. obtained at high data acquisition rates and low flash intensities, suggest that the Pheo{sup {minus}} state may form more slowly. In light of this work, we have carried out additional time domain studies of both electron transport and energy transfer phenomena in stabilized DM PSII RCs at room temperature. We used a 1-kHz repetition rate femtosecond transient absorption spectrometer with a 200 fs instrumental time resolution and compared the results with those obtained by others using frequency domain hole-burning techniques.

Seibert, M.; Toon, S. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Govindjee [Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (United States); O`Neil, M.P.; Wasielewski, M.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

332

Effects of Nonaqueous Electrolytes on Primary Li-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

The effects of nonaqueous electrolytes on the performance of primary Li-air batteries operated in dry air environment have been investigated. Organic solvents with low volatility and low moisture absorption are necessary to minimize the change of electrolyte compositions and the reaction between Li anode and water during the discharge process. The polarity of aprotic solvents outweighs the viscosity, ion conductivity and oxygen solubility on the performance of Li-air batteries once these latter properties attain certain reasonable level, because the solvent polarity significantly affects the number of tri-phase regions formed by oxygen, electrolyte, and active carbons (with catalyst) in the air electrode. The most feasible electrolyte formulation is the system of LiTFSI in PC/EC mixtures, whose performance is relatively insensitive to PC/EC ratio and salt concentration. The quantity of such electrolyte added to a Li-air cell has notably effects on the discharge performance of the Li-air battery as well, and a maximum in capacity is observed as a function of electrolyte amount. The coordination effect from the additives or co-solvents [tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane and crown ethers in this study] also greatly affects the discharge performance of a Li-air battery.

Xu, Wu; Xiao, Jie; Wang, Deyu; Zhang, Jian; Zhang, Jiguang

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

333

VAPOR PRESSURES AND HEATS OF VAPORIZATION OF PRIMARY COAL TARS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project had as its main focus the determination of vapor pressures of coal pyrolysis tars. It involved performing measurements of these vapor pressures and from them, developing vapor pressure correlations suitable for use in advanced pyrolysis models (those models which explicitly account for mass transport limitations). This report is divided into five main chapters. Each chapter is a relatively stand-alone section. Chapter A reviews the general nature of coal tars and gives a summary of existing vapor pressure correlations for coal tars and model compounds. Chapter B summarizes the main experimental approaches for coal tar preparation and characterization which have been used throughout the project. Chapter C is concerned with the selection of the model compounds for coal pyrolysis tars and reviews the data available to us on the vapor pressures of high boiling point aromatic compounds. This chapter also deals with the question of identifying factors that govern the vapor pressures of coal tar model materials and their mixtures. Chapter D covers the vapor pressures and heats of vaporization of primary cellulose tars. Chapter E discusses the results of the main focus of this study. In summary, this work provides improved understanding of the volatility of coal and cellulose pyrolysis tars. It has resulted in new experimentally verified vapor pressure correlations for use in pyrolysis models. Further research on this topic should aim at developing general vapor pressure correlations for all coal tars, based on their molecular weight together with certain specific chemical characteristics i.e. hydroxyl group content.

Eric M. Suuberg; Vahur Oja

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Variation and Trends of Landscape Dynamics, Land Surface Phenology and Net Primary Production of the Appalachian Mountains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gradients of the Appalachian Mountains in elevations and latitudes provide a unique regional perspective of landscape variations in the eastern United States and a section of the southeastern Canada. This study reveals patterns and trends of landscape dynamics, land surface phenology and ecosystem production along the Appalachian Mountains using time series data from Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies (GIMMS) and AVHRR Global Production Efficiency Model (GloPEM) datasets. We analyzed the spatial and temporal patterns of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), length of growing season (LOS) and net primary production (NPP) of selected ecoregions along the Appalachian Mountains regions. We compared the results out of the Appalachian Mountains regions in different spatial contexts including the North America and the Appalachian Trail corridor area. To reveal latitudinal variations we analyzed data and compared the results between 30°N-40°N and 40°N-50°N latitudes. The result revealed significant decreases in annual peak NDVI in the Appalachian Mountains regions. The trend for the Appalachian Mountains regions was -0.0018 (R2=0.55, P<0.0001) NDVI unit decrease per year during 25 years between 1982 and 2006. The LOS had prolonged 0.3 day yr-1 during 25 years over the Appalachian Mountains regions. The NPP increased by 2.68 gC m-2yr-2 in Appalachian Mountains regions from 1981 to 2000. The comparison with the North America reveals the effects of topography and ecosystem compositions of the Appalachian Mountains. The comparison with the Appalachian Trail corridor area provides a regional mega-transect view of the measured variables.

Wang, Yeqiao; Zhao, Jianjun; Zhou, Yuyu; Zhang, Hongyan

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Cognitive Multiple Access Network with Outage Margin in the Primary System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates the problem of spectrally efficient operation of a multiuser uplink cognitive radio system in the presence of a single primary link. The secondary system applies opportunistic interference cancelation (OIC) and decode the primary signal when such an opportunity is created. We derive the achievable rate in the secondary system when OIC is used. This scheme has a practical significance, since it enables rate adaptation without requiring any action from the primary system. The \\emph{exact} expressions for outage probability of the primary user are derived, when the primary system is exposed to interference from secondary users. Moreover, approximated formulas and tight lower and upper bounds for the ergodic sum-rate capacity of the secondary network are found. Next, the power allocation is investigated in the secondary system for maximizing the sum-rate under an outage constraint at the primary system. We formulate the power optimization problem in various scenarios depending on the avail...

Maham, Behrouz; Zhou, Xiangyun; Hjørungnes, Are

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Lipid Metabolism, Gene Expression, Substrate Oxidation, and Meat Quality of Growing-finishing Pigs Supplemented with Conjugated Linoleic Acid and Arginine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We hypothesized that supplementation of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and arginine singly or in combination would increase animal performance and meat quality by decreasing adiposity and increasing lean mass in growing-finishing pigs. Sixteen pigs (80 kg) were assigned to four treatments in a 2 x 2 factorial design, differing in dietary fatty acid and amino acid composition [control: 2.05% alanine (isonitrogenous control) plus 1% canola oil (lipid control); CLA: 2.05% alanine + 1% CLA; arginine: 1% arginine + 1% canola oil; arginine + CLA: 1% arginine + 1 CLA]. Preliminary tests indicated that up to 2% arginine was acceptable without interfering with lysine absorption. Pigs were allowed to feed free choice until reaching 110 kg. There were no significant differences across treatments in feed intake, weight gain, or feed efficiency. CLA tended to decrease carcass length (P = 0.06), whereas backfat thickness tended to be greater in pigs supplemented with arginine (P = 0.08). Arginine decreased muscle pH at 45 min postmortem (P = 0.001) and tended to increase lightness of muscle at 24 h postmortem (P = 0.07). CLA supplementation increased the concentrations of trans-isomers of 18:1 (P = 0.001) and SFA (P = 0.01) in s.c. and r.p. adipose tissue. CLA supplementation increased palmitate incorporation into total lipids in longissimus muscle (P = 0.01). Glucose oxidation to CO? in r.p. and s.c. adipose tissue were greater in pigs supplemented with CLA in the absence or presence of arginine (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively). The volume of s.c. adipocytes in s.c. and r.p. adipose tissues was greater in pigs supplemented with CLA, arginine, or CLA plus arginine than in control pigs (P = 0.001). Neither CLA nor arginine affected the expression of PGC-1[alpha],AMPK, mTOR, CPT-1A, FAS, or SCD (P > 0.05) in any tissues. We conclude that there was no significant interaction between arginine and CLA. Supplementary CLA or arginine to finishing-growing pigs did not modulate growth performance and did not reduce adiposity. CLA increased intramuscular fat content without deteriorating meat quality traits and increased saturated fatty acids and substrate oxidation in adipose tissues. In the presence of 1% of canola oil or CLA in the diet, arginine has the potential to deteriorate meat quality by reducing early postmortem pH and by increasing carcass fatness.

Go, Gwang-Woong, 1979-

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 5 Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source (Quadrillion Btu)

338

Total Primary Energy Use in the U.S. by Sector, 1998 (chart)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Figure 1. Total Primary Energy Use by Sector [Trends in Building-Related Energy and ...

339

U.S. Primary Energy Use and GDP, 1970-1998 (chart)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Figure 2. U.S. primary energy use and GDP [Trends in Building-Related Energy and ...

340

Detroit politics in a global perspective: a Marxist analysis of the 2009 Detroit mayoral primary.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 2009 Detroit mayoral primary ballot listed a candidate named D'Artagnon Collier. Collier is a member of the Socialist Equality Party. This thesis analyzes the… (more)

Stephens, Christopher Cody

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption Estimates by Source, 1949 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption Estimates by Source, 1949-2011 (Quadrillion Btu) Year: Fossil Fuels: Nuclear Electric Power

342

Table 1.4a Primary Energy Imports by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

10 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2013 Table 1.4a Primary Energy Imports by Source (Quadrillion Btu) Imports

343

Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2013 7 Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu)

344

Identifying and bridging the gaps of ICT integration in primary and secondary education in Indonesia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to explore gaps of ICT integration in Indonesian education in primary and secondary schools in Indonesia. The gaps of… (more)

Mutohar, Agus

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 1c. U.S. Commercial Buildings Primary ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Commercial Buildings Primary Energy Consumption by Principal Building Activity and Census Region. ... 3 Laboratory buildings are included in the "Other" category.

346

Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 7 Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source (Quadrillion Btu)

347

Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview, 1949-2011 (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 1.1 Primary Energy Overview, 1949-2011 (Quadrillion Btu) Year: Production: Trade: Stock Change and Other 8: Consumption: Fossil Fuels 2

348

Table 1.4b Primary Energy Exports by Source and Total Net Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review August 2013 11 Table 1.4b Primary Energy Exports by Source and Total Net Imports

349

Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source (Quadrillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review August 2013 5 Table 1.2 Primary Energy Production by Source (Quadrillion Btu) Fossil Fuels

350

Environmental and societal consequences of a possible CO/sub 2/-induced climate change. Volume II, Part 8. Impacts of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels on agricultural growing seasons and crop water use efficiencies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The researchable areas addressed relate to the possible impacts of climate change on agricultural growing seasons and crop adaptation responses on a global basis. The research activities proposed are divided into the following two main areas of investigation: anticipated climate change impacts on the physical environmental characteristics of the agricultural growing seasons and, the most probable food crop responses to the possible changes in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ levels in plant environments. The main physical environmental impacts considered are the changes in temperature, or more directly, thermal energy levels and the growing season evapotranspiration-precipitation balances. The resulting food crop, commercial forest and rangeland species response impacts addressed relate to potential geographical shifts in agricultural growing seasons as determined by the length in days of the frost free period, thermal energy changes and water balance changes. In addition, the interaction of possible changes in plant water use efficiencies during the growing season in relationship to changing atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentrations, is also considered under the scenario of global warming due to increases in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentration. These proposed research investigations are followed by adaptive response evaluations.

Newman, J. E.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Assessing the Significance of Above- and Belowground Carbon Allocation of Fast- and Slow-Growing Families of Loblolly Pine - Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During this project we experimentally evaluated the below-ground biomass and carbon allocation and partitioning of four different fast- and slow-growing families of loblolly pine located in Scotland County, NC, in an effort to increase the long-term performance of the crop. The trees were subjected to optimal nutrition and control since planting in 1993. Destructive harvests in 1998 and 2000 were used for whole?plant biomass estimates and to identify possible family differences in carbon acquisition (photosynthesis) and water use efficiency. At regular intervals throughout each year we sampled tissues for carbohydrate analyses to assess differences in whole-tree carbon storage. Mini rhizotron observation tubes were installed to monitor root system production and turnover. Stable isotope analysis was used to examine possible functional differences in water and nutrient acquisition of root systems between the various families. A genetic dissection of root ontogenic and architectural traits, including biomass partitioning, was conducted using molecular markers to better understand the functional implications of these traits on resource acquisition and whole-plant carbon allocation.

Topa, M. A.; Weinstein, D. A.; Retzlaff, W. A.

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Access and Use of Information by Primary Health Care Providers in Rural Uganda: A Qualitative Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article summarises findings from a qualitative study conducted in rural Uganda, East Africa. The main aim of the study was to investigate the accessibility and use of health information in the lower echelons of Primary Health Care PHC. Women, as ... Keywords: Information Activities in Rural Africa, Information Behaviour, Information Models, Information Use, Primary Health Care, Value of Information, Women

Maria G. N. Musoke

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Evaluation of Zinc Addition to Primary Coolant of Farley-2 PWR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A demonstration project at Southern Nuclear Operating Company's Farley Unit 2 showed that the addition of 35-45 ppb zinc to the primary coolant resulted in lower radiation dose rates and an apparent decrease in primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) of Alloy 600 steam generator tubing. The zinc had no significant effect on fuel cladding corrosion.

1996-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

354

Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis of Primary Cell Wall Composition in Arabidopsis1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fingerprinting techniques: monosaccharide composition analysis by gas chromatography, xyloglucan oligosaccharideQuantitative Trait Loci Analysis of Primary Cell Wall Composition in Arabidopsis1 Gre´gory Mouille2 trait loci (QTL) analysis was used to identify genes underlying natural variation in primary cell wall

Pauly, Markus

355

Table A33. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Employment  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Employment" Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Employment" " Size Categories, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991 (Continued)" " (Estimates in Trillion Btu)" ,,,,,"Employment Size" ,,,"-","-","-","-","-","-","RSE" "SIC"," "," "," "," "," "," ",,500,"Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","Total","Under 20","20-49","50-99","100-249","250-499","and Over","Factors"," "," "," "," "," "," "," "

356

Exploring the efficacy of IT with slow learners: case studies in primary schools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study looks at the changes effected with the introduction of IT into the Learning Support Programme (LSP) in 6 Singapore primary schools. It focuses how the teaching methodologies working with slow learners (or learners at risk) changed with the ... Keywords: information technology, primary schools, slow learners

Marissa Wettasinghe; Mazlan Hasan

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

COUNT OF SENATE ACADEMIC EMPLOYEES BY PRIMARY TITLE TYPE (CTO) AND UNIT AS OF March 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COUNT OF SENATE ACADEMIC EMPLOYEES BY PRIMARY TITLE TYPE (CTO) AND UNIT AS OF March 2013 ARTS BY PRIMARY TITLE TYPE (CTO) AND UNIT AS OF March 2013 ARTS DIVISION DIVISION OF GRADUATE STUDIES ENGINEERING HUMANITIES DIVISION LIBRARY MULTICAMPUS RESEARCH UNITS PHYSICAL & BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES SOCIAL SCIENCES

California at Santa Cruz, University of

358

Yale University committed to reducing its primary greenhouse gas emissions 43% below 2005 levels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yale University committed to reducing its primary greenhouse gas emissions 43% below 2005 levels. Beginning in 2013, emissions from the University fleet are included in the reduction target. Greenhouse Gas. 2005 2013 In 2005,Yale University pledged to reduce its primary greenhouse gas emissions forty

359

International Energy Outlook 2006 - Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas International Energy Outlook 2006 Chapter 4: Natural Gas Natural gas trails coal as the fastest growing primary energy source in IEO2006. The natural gas share of total world energy consumption increases from 24 percent in 2003 to 26 percent in 2030. Figure 34. World Natural Gas Consumption by Region, 1990-2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 35. World Natural Gas Consumption by End-Use Sector, 2003-2030 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Consumption of natural gas worldwide increases from 95 trillion cubic feet in 2003 to 182 trillion cubic feet in 2030 in the IEO2006 reference case

360

International Energy Outlook 1998  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Electricity Between 1995 and 2020, the world’s annual consumption of electricity is projected to rise from 12 trillion kilowatthours to 23 trillion kilowatthours. The greatest increases are expected in developing Asia and in Central and South America. Primary Fuel Use The Financing of Electric Power Expansion Public Policy Reform in the Electricity Industry Regional Highlights Throughout the world, electricity is and will continue to be the fastest growing component of energy demand. Between 1995 and 2020, total world electricity demand is expected to rise from 12 trillion kilowatthours to 23 trillion kilowatthours (Table 25). Demand growth will be slowest in the industrialized countries; but even in the advanced economies, which currently account for about 60 percent of world electricity use, absolute

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

EIA - Forecasts and Analysis of Energy Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Natural Gas Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source in the IEO2005 forecast. Consumption of natural gas is projected to increase by nearly 70 percent between 2002 and 2025, with the most robust growth in demand expected among the emerging economies. Figure 34. World Natural Gas Consumption, 1980-2025 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center on 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 35. Natural Gas Consumption by Region, 1980-2025 (Trillion Cubic Feet). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 36. Increase in Natural Gas Consumption by Region and Country, 2002-2025. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data

362

NETL: News Release - DOE Study Raises Estimates of Coalbed Methane  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

December 16, 2002 December 16, 2002 DOE Study Raises Estimates of Coalbed Methane Potential in Powder River Basin Actual Production Will Hinge on Water Disposal Method WASHINGTON, DC - The Powder River Basin, a vast region of high plains in Wyoming and Montana known for producing low-sulfur coal, is also becoming a primary source of America's fastest growing natural gas resource, coalbed methane. Now, a new Department of Energy report projects that the region may hold more coalbed methane than previously estimated but the amount that will actually be produced will depend largely on the choice of the water disposal method. MORE INFO Download report [7.35MB PDF] The study, Powder River Basin Coalbed Methane Development and Produced Water Management Study, was prepared by Advanced Resources International of

363

World Energy Consumption by Fuel Type, 1970-2020  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Consumption by Fuel Type, 1970-2020 Energy Consumption by Fuel Type, 1970-2020 Source: EIA, International Energy Outlook 2000 Previous slide Next slide Back to first slide View graphic version Notes: Natural gas is projected to be the fastest-growing component of primary world energy consumption, more than doubling between 1997 and 2020. Gas accounts for the largest increment in electricity generation (41 percent of the total increment of energy used for electricity generation). Combined-cycle gas turbine power plants offer some of the highest commercially available plant efficiencies, and natural gas is environmentally attractive because it emits less sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and particulate matter than does oil or coal. In the IEO2000 projection, world natural gas consumption reaches the level of coal by

364

World Energy Consumption by Fuel Type, 1970-2020  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Natural gas is projected to be the fastest-growing component of primary world energy consumption, more than doubling between 1997 and 2020. Gas accounts for the largest increment in electricity generation (41 percent of the total increment of energy used for electricity generation). Combined-cycle gas turbine power plants offer some of the highest commercially available plant efficiencies, and natural gas is environmentally attractive because it emits less sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and particulate matter than does oil or coal. In the IEO2000 projection, world natural gas consumption reaches the level of coal by 2005, and by 2020 gas use exceeds coal by 29 percent. Oil currently provides a larger share of world energy consumption than any other energy source and is expected to remain in that position

365

Merging photovoltaic hardware development with hybrid applications in the USA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of multi-source power systems, ``hybrids,`` is one of the fastest growing, potentially significant markets for photovoltaic (PV) system technology today. Cost-effective applications today include remote facility power, remote area power supplies, remote home and village power, and power for dedicated electrical loads such as communications systems. This market sector is anticipated to be one of the most important growth opportunities for PV over the next five years. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) are currently engaged in an effort to accelerate the adoption of market-driven PV hybrid power systems and to effectively integrate PV with other energy sources. This paper provides details of this development and the ongoing hybrid activities in the United States. Hybrid systems are the primary focus of this paper.

Bower, W.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

GROUP 4: Is biomass burning carbon-neutral? Global environment aspect. It is argued that since trees take CO2 out of the air and give off oxygen as they grow,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GROUP 4: Is biomass burning carbon-neutral? Global environment aspect. It is argued that since trees take CO2 out of the air and give off oxygen as they grow, that by burning them we are just putting in terms of CO2 in the atmosphere. Investigate the national scene, which seems very pro- biomass burning

367

Primary production and biovolume of chroococcoid cyanobacteria in relation to other phytoplankton in southeastern US lakes  

SciTech Connect

Primary production rates and algal biovolumes were measured for various size classes of phytoplankton in three South Carolina lakes. Size classes of less than 3 ..mu..m accounted for 15 to 40% of the total primary production but only represented less than 5% of the total algal biovolume. Fluorescence microscopic analyses and laboratory culturing experiments indicated that chroococcoid cyanobacteria (unicellular blue-green algae) were primarily responsible for the relatively high primary production rates by the less than 3-..mu..m component of the phytoplankton.

Tison, D.L.; Wilde, E.W.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Cost-effectiveness of primary offer of IVF vs. primary offer of IUI followed by IVF (for IUI failures) in couples with unexplained or mild male factor subfertility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycles IUI ("primary" IVF) 1cycle IUI + IVF for failures 2 cycles IUI + IVF for failures 3 cycles IUI + IVF for failures 4 cycles IUI + IVF for failures 5cycles IUI + IVF for failures 6 cycles IUI + IVF for failures Tr ea tm en t c os t £0 £5,000 £10...

Pashayan, Nora; Lyratzopoulos, Georgios; Mathur, Raj

2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

369

New Primary Ice-Nucleation Parameterizations in an Explicit Cloud Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two new primary ice-nucleation parameterizations are examined in the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) cloud model via sensitivity tests on a wintertime precipitation event in the Sierra Nevada region. A model combining the effects of ...

Michael P. Meyers; Paul J. DeMott; William R. Cotton

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Impacts of Electric Vehicles on Primary Energy Consumption and Petroleum Displacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be derived primarily from non-petroleum sources. 3O power isis due to two sources: the use of petroleum for electricityas the impact with petroleum as the primary source. For this

Wang, Quanlu; Delucchi, Mark A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

PSU-PAL-99-1 Cosmic-Ray Positrons: Are There Primary Sources?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Galactic cosmic rays consist of primary and secondary particles. Primary cosmic rays are thought to be energized by first order Fermi acceleration processes at supernova shock fronts within our Galaxy. The cosmic rays that eventually reach the Earth from this source are mainly protons and atomic nuclei, but also include electrons. Secondary cosmic rays are created in collisions of primary particles with the diffuse interstellar gas. They are relatively rare but carry important information on the Galactic propagation of the primary particles. The secondary component includes a small fraction of antimatter particles, positrons and antiprotons. In addition, positrons and antiprotons may also come from unusual sources and possibly provide insight into new physics. For instance, the annihilation of heavy supersymmetric dark matter particles within the Galactic halo could lead to positrons or antiprotons with distinctive energy signatures. With the High-Energy

Stéphane Coutu; Steven W. Barwick; James J. Beatty; Amit Bhattacharyya; R. Bower; Christopher J. Chaput; Georgia A. De Nolfo; Michael A. Duvernois; Shawn P. Mckee; Dietrich Müller; James A. Musser; Scott L. Nutter; Simon P. Swordy; Gregory Tarlé; Andrew D. Tomasch; Eric Torbet

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

A Chronology of El Niño Events from Primary Documentary Sources in Northern Peru  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a chronology of El Niño (EN) events based on documentary records from northern Peru. The chronology, which covers the period 1550–1900, is constructed mainly from primary sources from the city of Trujillo (Peru), the Archivo ...

R. Garcia-Herrera; D. Barriopedro; E. Hernández; H. F. Diaz; R. R. Garcia; M. R. Prieto; R. Moyano

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Unstable Interactions between a Hurricane’s Primary Eyewall and a Secondary Ring of Enhanced Vorticity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intense tropical cyclones often exhibit concentric eyewall patterns in their radar reflectivity. Deep convection within the inner, or primary, eyewall is surrounded by a nearly echo-free moat, which in turn is surrounded by an outer, or secondary ...

James P. Kossin; Wayne H. Schubert; Michael T. Montgomery

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Modal and Nonmodal Perturbations of Monochromatic High-Frequency Gravity Waves: Primary Nonlinear Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary nonlinear dynamics of high-frequency gravity waves (HGWs) perturbed by their most prominent normal modes (NMs) or singular vectors (SVs) in a rotating Boussinesq fluid have been studied by direct numerical simulations (DNSs), with ...

Ulrich Achatz

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Responses of primary production and total carbon storage to changes in climate and atmospheric CO? concentration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The authors used the terrestrial ecosystem model (TEM, version 4.0) to estimate global responses of annual net primary production (NPP) and total carbon storage to changes in climate and atmospheric CO2, driven by the ...

Xiao, Xiangming.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; McGuire, A. David.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.

376

Primary cutaneous CD30+ large-cell lymphoma presenting as a scrotal plaque  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

studies have shown that CD30 negative LCLs have a worseprognosis than CD30+ LCLs [ 4 , 8 ] and should be treatedfrom some primary cutaneous CD30+ LCLs, making the clinical

Modi, Sapna; Yang, Deborah J; Sule, Norman; Rosen, Ted

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Influence of flow properties on a structure of a mineral wool primary layer  

SciTech Connect

Mineral wool primary layer formation is influenced by the aerodynamic characteristics of the blow-away airflow and the secondary surrounding airflow. The distribution of mineral wool fibres in the primary layer was determined experimentally using a computer-aided visualization method. The flow properties in the region where the primary layer is formed were analysed. Numerical simulations with experiment-based boundary conditions were performed. The numerically obtained profile of mineral wool thickness at the collection chamber outlet agreed with the results of the experiment. Presented numerical model confirms that the forming of the primary layer is significantly dependent on local aerodynamic characteristic of the airflow in the collection chamber. Interaction between the local anomalies on the forming layer and the corresponding aerodynamic effects in the surrounding region was also analysed. (author)

Bajcar, Tom; Blagojevic, Bogdan; Sirok, Brane; Dular, Matevz [Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Askerceva 6, SI - 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Models and algorithms for a multilevel control system of primary oil refinery installations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Algorithms and mathematical models for the technological process of primary oil refinery operating in the uncertain conditions are developed; the solution of the optimal control problem in the form of stochastic programming with probabilistic characteristics ...

I. A. Guseinov; E. A. Melikov; N. A. Khanbutaeva; I. R. Efendiev

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Guidelines for Fabrication and Assembly of Alloy 690 Components in PWR Primary Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although test data and field experience indicate that Alloy 690 is significantly more resistant to primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) degradation than Alloy 600, laboratory testing has shown that thermo-mechanical processing and surface bulk cold work can introduce vulnerabilities to PWSCC. This document provides guidelines for the fabrication, assembly, and installation of heavy section Alloy 690 parts and components in the primary system of pressurized water reactors (PWRs). The ...

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

380

"Table A11. Total Primary Consumption of Combustible Energy for Nonfuel"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Total Primary Consumption of Combustible Energy for Nonfuel" 1. Total Primary Consumption of Combustible Energy for Nonfuel" " Purposes by Census Region and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment," 1991 " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" " "," "," "," ","Natural"," "," ","Coke"," "," " " ","Total","Residual","Distillate","Gas(c)"," ","Coal","and Breeze","Other(d)","RSE" " ","(trillion","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(billion","LPG","(1000","(1000","(trillion","Row"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Table A14. Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy for All P  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy for All Purposes" 4. Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy for All Purposes" " by Value of Shipment Categories, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1994" " (Estimates in Trillion Btu)" ,,,," Value of Shipments and Receipts(b)" ,,,," "," (million dollars)" ,,,,,,,,,"RSE" "SIC"," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",500,"Row"," "," "," ",," "," "," "," " "Code(a)","Industry Group and Industry","Total","Under 20","20-49","50-99","100-249","250-499","and Over","Factors"," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",," "

382

Table A30. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Value of  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Value of" 0. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Value of" "Shipment Categories, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991" " (Estimates in Trillion Btu)" ,,,," Value of Shipments and Receipts(b)" ,,,," ","(million dollars)" ,,,"-","-","-","-","-","-","RSE" "SIC"," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",500,"Row"," "," "," ",," "," "," "," " "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","Total","Under 20","20-49","50-99","100-249","250-499","and Over","Factors"," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",," "

383

Pressurized Water Reactor Zinc Application: Data Analysis and Evaluation of Primary Chemistry Responses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Pressurized Water Reactor Zinc Application Users Group (PWR ZUG) facilitates and improves the use of zinc injection in PWR primary coolant systems by assisting in the evaluation of zinc injection performance; documentation of lessons learned; communication of information on zinc injection qualification, monitoring, and operating experience; and review of zinc application effectiveness regarding primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) and radiation fiel...

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

2012 Short Course Fats and Oils for Confectionary and Chocolates: Chemistry, Primary Sources, Crystallization, Alternatives, and Stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fats and Oils for Confectionary and Chocolates: Chemistry, Primary Sources, Crystallization, Alternatives, and Stability held at the 103rd AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2012 Short Course Fats and Oils for Confectionary and Chocolates: Chemistry, Primary So

385

Impact of Primary Gleason Grade on Risk Stratification for Gleason Score 7 Prostate Cancers  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the primary Gleason grade (GG) in Gleason score (GS) 7 prostate cancers for risk of non-organ-confined disease with the goal of optimizing radiotherapy treatment option counseling. Methods: One thousand three hundred thirty-three patients with pathologic GS7 were identified in the Duke Prostate Center research database. Clinical factors including age, race, clinical stage, prostate-specific antigen at diagnosis, and pathologic stage were obtained. Data were stratified by prostate-specific antigen and clinical stage at diagnosis into adapted D'Amico risk groups. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed evaluating for association of primary GG with pathologic outcome. Results: Nine hundred seventy-nine patients had primary GG3 and 354 had GG4. On univariate analyses, GG4 was associated with an increased risk of non-organ-confined disease. On multivariate analysis, GG4 was independently associated with seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) but not extracapsular extension. Patients with otherwise low-risk disease and primary GG3 had a very low risk of SVI (4%). Conclusions: Primary GG4 in GS7 cancers is associated with increased risk of SVI compared with primary GG3. Otherwise low-risk patients with GS 3+4 have a very low risk of SVI and may be candidates for prostate-only radiotherapy modalities.

Koontz, Bridget F., E-mail: bridget.koontz@duke.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke Prostate Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Tsivian, Matvey [Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Duke Prostate Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Mouraviev, Vladimir [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke Prostate Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Sun, Leon [Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Duke Prostate Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Vujaskovic, Zeljko [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke Prostate Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Moul, Judd [Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Duke Prostate Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Lee, W. Robert [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke Prostate Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Nuclear reactor having a polyhedral primary shield and removable vessel insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear reactor is provided having a generally cylindrical reactor vessel disposed within an opening in a primary shield. The opening in the primary shield is defined by a plurality of generally planar side walls forming a generally polyhedral-shaped opening. The reactor vessel is supported within the opening in the primary shield by reactor vessel supports which are in communication and aligned with central portions of some of the side walls. The reactor vessel is connected to the central portions of the reactor vessel supports. A thermal insulation polyhedron formed from a plurality of slidably insertable and removable generally planar insulation panels substantially surrounds at least a portion of the reactor vessel and is disposed between the reactor vessel and the side walls of the primary shield. The shape of the insulation polyhedron generally corresponds to the shape of the opening in the primary shield. Reactor monitoring instrumentation may be mounted in the corners of the opening in the primary shield between the side walls and the reactor vessel such that insulation is not disposed between the instrumentation and the reactor vessel. 5 figures.

Ekeroth, D.E.; Orr, R.

1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

387

Nuclear reactor having a polyhedral primary shield and removable vessel insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear reactor is provided having a generally cylindrical reactor vessel disposed within an opening in a primary shield. The opening in the primary shield is defined by a plurality of generally planar side walls forming a generally polyhedral-shaped opening. The reactor vessel is supported within the opening in the primary shield by reactor vessel supports which are in communication and aligned with central portions of some of the side walls. The reactor vessel is connected to the central portions of the reactor vessel supports. A thermal insulation polyhedron formed from a plurality of slidably insertable and removable generally planar insulation panels substantially surrounds at least a portion of the reactor vessel and is disposed between the reactor vessel and the side walls of the primary shield. The shape of the insulation polyhedron generally corresponds to the shape of the opening in the primary shield. Reactor monitoring instrumentation may be mounted in the corners of the opening in the primary shield between the side walls and the reactor vessel such that insulation is not disposed between the instrumentation and the reactor vessel.

Ekeroth, Douglas E. (Delmont, PA); Orr, Richard (Pittsburgh, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Building Evalution Tools to Assess the Usability of Primary Care Clinics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Primary care clinics play a vital role in the US healthcare system, providing preventative and cost-effective care. New trends in healthcare such as the development of the medical home model for care, the application of electronic medical records (EMRs), the effort to increase access to care, and the need to adhere to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) will have direct impacts on the work flow and spatial delineation of primary care clinics. To ensure the success of primary care practices, the architectural design of primary care clinics needs to address these changes to satisfy both patients and staff, and to improve efficiency and outcomes of care. There is limited literature on the design usability (efficiency, effectiveness, and user satisfaction) of primary care clinics. This study developed a set of building usability evaluation tools to collect, analyze and interpret the “usability” of a primary care facility. The study used previous literature as well as a case study primary care clinic in Maryland as a basis to develop these tools. In the clinic, data were collected through an initial interview with the head nurse, a forty-hour behavioral observation, and a staff survey. A behavioral observation tool and a survey questionnaire were developed for the data collection. For data analysis, JMP Pro 9 software was used to analyze the data collected through behavioral observation and the staff survey. The literature review developed a “Building Usability Framework” specifically for healthcare design. A data analysis tool, the “Usability Matrix” was created to integrate and understand the analyzed data within the Building Usability Framework. Integrating the analyzed data from the case study within the Usability Matrix, a primary care clinic usability evaluation survey was developed at the end of the study. This survey along with the behavioral observation tool and design analysis tools were compiled together to produce the “Building Usability Evaluation Tool-Kit for Primary Care Clinics.” This tool-kit can be used by architects and researchers interested in designing and analyzing “usable” primary care clinics.

Hussain, Tahseen 1986-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

AEO2011: Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring Regions Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is Table 138, and contains only the reference case. This dataset is in billion cubic feet per year. The data is broken down into New England, Middle Atlantic, East North Central, West Central, South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, Mountain, Pacific, Florida, Arizona/New Mexico, California. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIS Natural Gas Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring Regions- Reference Case (xls, 60 KiB)

390

"Table B23. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" 3. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Space Heating","Primary Space-Heating Energy Source Useda" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat" "All Buildings ................",67338,61602,17627,32729,3719,5077 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,5684,1567,3080,482,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7090,1496,4292,557,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,9865,3035,5320,597,232 "25,001 to 50,000 .............",9311,8565,2866,4416,486,577

391

File:Large Construction Site Notice for Primary Operators.pdf | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Primary Operators.pdf Primary Operators.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:Large Construction Site Notice for Primary Operators.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 866 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 17:00, 10 April 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 17:00, 10 April 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (866 KB) Alevine (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage There are no pages that link to this file. Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital

392

Comparison between Poissonian and Markovian Primary Traffics in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive Radio generates a big interest as a key cost-effective solution for the underutilization of frequency spectrum in legacy communication networks. The objective of this work lies in conducting a performance evaluation of the end-to-end message delivery under both Markovian and Poissonian primary traffics in lossy Cognitive Radio networks. We aim at inferring the most appropriate conditions for an efficient secondary service provision according to the Cognitive Radio network characteristics. Meanwhile, we have performed a general analysis for many still open issues in Cognitive Radio, but at the end only two critical aspects have been considered, namely, the unforeseen primary reclaims in addition to the collided cognitive transmissions due to the Opportunistic Spectrum Sharing. Some graphs, in view of the average Spectral Efficiency, have been computed and plotted to report some comparative results for a given video transmission under the Markovian and the Poissonian primary interruptions.

Chaoub, Abdelaali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Molecular Analysis of Primary Vapor and Char Products during Stepwise Pyrolysis of Poplar Biomass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pyrolysis of biomass produces both pyrolysis oil and solid char. In this study, poplar has been pyrolyzed in a stepwise fashion over a series of temperatures from 200 to 500°C, and both the primary products contributing to pyrolysis oil and the changes in the pyrolyzing poplar surface leading toward char have been characterized at each step. The primary products were identified by direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry, and the changes in the poplar surface were monitored using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) photoacoustic spectroscopy, with a sampling depth of a few micrometers. The primary products from pyrolyzing cellulose, xylan, and lignin under similar conditions were also characterized to identify the sources of the poplar products.

Jones, Roger W.; Reinot, Tonu; McClelland, John F.

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

394

Molecular Analysis of Primary Vapor and Char Products during Stepwise Pyrolysis of Poplar Biomass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pyrolysis of biomass produces both pyrolysis oil and solid char. In this study, poplar has been pyrolyzed in a stepwise fashion over a series of temperatures from 200 to 500 C, and both the primary products contributing to pyrolysis oil and the changes in the pyrolyzing poplar surface leading toward char have been characterized at each step. The primary products were identified by direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry, and the changes in the poplar surface were monitored using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) photoacoustic spectroscopy, with a sampling depth of a few micrometers. The primary products from pyrolyzing cellulose, xylan, and lignin under similar conditions were also characterized to identify the sources of the poplar products.

Jones, Roger W.; Reinot, Tonu; McClelland, John F.

2010-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

395

Effect of neutron composition and excitation energy on the primary fragment yield distribution in multifragmentation reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The isotopic properties of the primary and secondary fragment yield distribution in the multifragmentation of $^{58}$Fe + $^{58}$Ni and $^{58}$Fe + $^{58}$Fe reactions are studied with respect to the $^{58}$Ni + $^{58}$Ni reaction at 30, 40 and 47 MeV/nucleon. The reduced neutron and proton densities from the observed fragment yield distribution show primary fragment yield distribution to undergo strongly secondary de-excitations. The effect is small at the lowest excitation energy and smallest neutron-to-proton ratio and becomes large at higher excitation energies and higher neutron-to-proton ratio. The symmetry energy of the primary fragments deduced from the reduced neutron density is significantly lower than that for the normal nuclei at saturation density, indicating that the fragments are highly excited and formed at a reduced density. Furthermore, the symmetry energy is also observed to decrease slowly with increasing excitation energy. The observed effect is explained using the statistical multifragmentation model.

D. V. Shetty; A. S. Botvina; S. J. Yennello; G. A. Souliotis; E. Bell; A. Keksis

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

396

HTGR-GT primary coolant transient resulting from postulated turbine deblading  

SciTech Connect

The turbomachine is located within the primary coolant system of a nuclear closed cycle gas turbine plant (HTGR-GT). The deblading of the turbine can cause a rapid pressure equilibration transient that generates significant loads on other components in the system. Prediction of and design for this transient are important aspects of assuring the safety of the HTGR-GT. This paper describes the adaptation and use of the RATSAM program to analyze the rapid fluid transient throughout the primary coolant system during a spectrum of turbine deblading events. Included are discussions of (1) specific modifications and improvements to the basic RATSAM program, which is also briefly described; (2) typical results showing the expansion wave moving upstream from the debladed turbine through the primary coolant system; and (3) the effect on the transient results of different plenum volumes, flow resistances, times to deblade, and geometries that can choke the flow.

Cadwallader, G.J.; Deremer, R.K.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Elevated Temperature Primary Load Design Method Using Pseudo Elastic-Perfectly Plastic Model  

SciTech Connect

A new primary load design method for elevated temperature service has been developed. Codification of the procedure in an ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III Code Case is being pursued. The proposed primary load design method is intended to provide the same margins on creep rupture, yielding and creep deformation for a component or structure that are implicit in the allowable stress data. It provides a methodology that does not require stress classification and is also applicable to a full range of temperature above and below the creep regime. Use of elastic-perfectly plastic analysis based on allowable stress with corrections for constraint, steady state stress and creep ductility is described. This approach is intended to ensure that traditional primary stresses are the basis for design, taking into account ductility limits to stress re-distribution and multiaxial rupture criteria.

Carter, Peter [Stress Engineering Services Inc.; Sham, Sam [ORNL; Jetter, Robert I [Consultant

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

The impact of BWR MK I primary containment failure dynamics on secondary containment integrity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the past four years, the ORNL BWRSAT Program has developed a series of increasingly sophisticated BWR secondary containment models. These models have been applied in a variety of studies to evaluate the severe accident mitigation capability of BWR secondary containments. This paper describes the results of a recent ORNL study of the impact of BWR MK I primary containment failure dynamics on secondary containment integrity. A 26-cell MELCOR Browns Ferry secondary containment model is described and the predicted thermodynamic response of the secondary containment to a variety of postulated primary containment failure modes is presented. The effects of primary containment failure location, timing, and ultimate hole size on secondary containment response is investigated, and the potential impact of hydrogen deflagrations on secondary containment integrity is explored.

Greene, S.R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Primary Credit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper extends the model in Kiyotaki and Moore (2008) to include nominal wage and price frictions and explicitly incorporates the zero bound on the short-term nominal interest rate. We subject this model to a shock which arguably captures the 2008 US financial crisis. Within this framework we ask: Once interest rate cuts are no longer feasible due to the zero bound, what are the effects of non-standard open market operations in which the government exchanges liquid government liabilities for illiquid private assets? We find that the effect of this non-standard monetary policy can be large at zero nominal interest rates. We show model simulations in which these policy interventions prevented a repeat of the Great Depression in 2008-2009. The views expressed herein are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York or the Federal Reserve System. We thank Sonia Gilbukh for outstanding research assistance. We also thank John Moore as well as seminar participants at the NY

Marco Del Negro; Gauti Eggertsson; Andrea Ferrero; Nobuhiro Kiyotaki; Oct Jan; Apr Jul; Oct Jan Apr

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Primary explosives  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides a compound of the formula (Cat).sup.+.sub.z[M.sup.++(5-nitro-1H-tetrazolato-N2).sup.-.sub.x(H.sub.2- O).sub.y] where x is 3 or 4, y is 2 or 3, x+y is 6, z is 1 or 2, and M.sup.++ is selected from the group consisting of iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, chromium, and manganese, and (Cat).sup.+ is selected from the group consisting of ammonium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and cesium. A method of preparing the compound of that formula is also disclosed.

Hiskey, Michael A. (Los Alamos, NM); Huynh, My Hang V. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Primary explosives  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides a compound of the formula (Cat).sup.+.sub.z[M.sup.++(5-nitro-1H-tetrazolato-N2).sup.-.sub.x(H.sub.2- O).sub.y] where x is 3 or 4, y is 2 or 3, x+y is 6, z is 1 or 2, and M.sup.++ is selected from the group consisting of iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, chromium, and manganese, and (Cat).sup.+ is selected from the group consisting of ammonium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and cesium. A method of preparing the compound of that formula is also disclosed.

Hiskey, Michael A. (Los Alamos, NM); Huynh, My Hang V. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

402

Table A9. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A9. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census" A9. Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census" " Region and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1991" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" ,,,,,,,,"Coke" " "," ","Net","Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(d)"," ","Coal","and Breeze"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","(billion","LPG","(1000","(1000","Other(e)","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","(trillion Btu)","(million kWh)","(1000 bbls)","(1000 bbls)","(cu ft)","(1000 bbls)","short tons)","short tons)","(trillion Btu)","Factors"

403

Table A20. Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy for All P  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy for All Purposes by Census" Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy for All Purposes by Census" " Region, Census Division, and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1994" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" ,,,,,,,,"Coke",,"Shipments" " "," ","Net","Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(e)"," ","Coal","and Breeze"," ","of Energy Sources","RSE" " ","Total(b)","Electricity(c)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(d)","(billion","LPG","(1000","(1000","Other(f)","Produced Onsite(g)","Row"

404

Table A17. Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy for All P  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy for All Purposes" Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy for All Purposes" " by Employment Size Categories, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1994" " (Estimates in Trillion Btu)" ,,,," "," Employment Size(b)" ,,,,,,,,,"RSE" "SIC"," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",1000,"Row" "Code(a)","Industry Group and Industry","Total","Under 50","50-99","100-249","250-499","500-999","and Over","Factors" ,"RSE Column Factors:",0.6,1.5,1.5,1,0.9,0.9,0.9 , 20,"Food and Kindred Products",1193,119,207,265,285,195,122,6

405

HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK (DST) THERMAL & SEISMIC PROJECT BUCKLING EVALUATION METHODS & RESULTS FOR THE PRIMARY TANKS  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a detailed buckling evaluation of the primary tanks in the Hanford double shell waste tanks. The analysis is part of a comprehensive structural review for the Double-Shell Tank Integrity Project. This work also provides information on tank integrity that specifically responds to concerns raise by the Office of Environment, Safety, and Health (ES&H) Oversight (EH-22) during a review (in April and May 2001) of work being performed on the double-shell tank farms, and the operation of the aging waste facility (AWF) primary tank ventilation system.

MACKEY, T.C.

2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

406

Comparison of Carbon and Hi-Z Primary Collimators for the LHC Phase II Collimation System  

SciTech Connect

A current issue with the LHC collimation system is single-diffractive, off-energy protons from the primary collimators that pass completely through the secondary collimation system and are absorbed immediately downbeam in the cold magnets of the dispersion suppressor section. Simulations suggest that the high impact rate could result in quenching of these magnets. We have studied replacing the 60 cm primary graphite collimators, which remove halo mainly by inelastic strong interactions, with 5.25 mm tungsten, which remove halo mainly by multiple coulomb scattering and thereby reduce the rate of single-diffractive interactions that cause losses in the dispersion suppressor.

Keller, Lewis; /SLAC; Markiewicz, Thomas; /SLAC; Smith, Jeffrey; /SLAC; Assmann, Ralph; /CERN; Bracco, Chiara; /CERN; Weiler, Thomas; /Karlsruhe, Inst. Technol.

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

EVALUATION OF THE TEMPORARY TENT COVER TRUSS SYSTEM AP PRIMARY VENT SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this calculation is to evaluate a temporary ten cover truss system. This system will be used to provide weather protection to the workers during replacement of the filter for the Primary Ventilation System in AP Tank Farm. The truss system has been fabricated utilizing tubes and couplers, which are normally used for scaffoldings.

HAQ MA

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

408

Analysis of LMFBR primary system response to an HCDA using an Eulerian computer code  

SciTech Connect

Applications of an Eulerian code to predict the response of LMFBR containment and primary piping systems to hypothetical core disruptive accidents (HCDA), and to analyze sodium spillage problems, are described. The computer code is an expanded version of the ICECO code. Sample problems are presented for slug impact and sodium spillage, dynamics of the HCDA bubbles, and response of a piping loop. (JWR)

Chang, Y.W.; Wang, C.Y.; Chu, H.Y.; Abdel-Moneim, M.T.; Gvildys, J.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Index of Primary Contacts, excerpt from 2007 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

99 99 FY 2007 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen Program XIII. Index of Primary Contacts A Aardahl, Chris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492 Aaron, Tim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Abu-Omar, Mahdi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 767 Aceves, Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302, 605, 1075 Acquaviva, Jim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Adams, Thad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Adrianowycz, Orest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 722 Adzic, Radoslav . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 751 Ahluwalia, Rajesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 611, 675 Ahmed, S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Ahn, Channing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

410

Theoretical calculations of the primary defects induced by pions and protons in SiC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present work, the bulk degradation of SiC in hadron (pion and proton) fields, in the energy range between 100 MeV and 10 GeV, is characterised theoretically by means of the concentration of primary defects per unit fluence. The results are compared to the similar ones corresponding to diamond, silicon and GaAs.

Sorina Lazanu; Ionel Lazanu; Emilio Borchi; Mara Bruzzi

2000-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

411

Wind buffeting effects on the Gemini 8m primary mirrors M. K. Cho1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind buffeting effects on the Gemini 8m primary mirrors M. K. Cho1,2 , L. Stepp1 , and S. Kim3 and Mechanical Engineering, University of Arizona, 1130 N. Mountain, Tucson, AZ 85721 #12;Wind buffeting effects mirror distortion caused by wind pressure variations. To quantify telescope wind loading effects

412

Key Words: Shewanella algae; Fasciitis, Necrotizing; Primary Bacteremia Address for correspondence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shewanella algae infections are rare in humans. Previously reported cases of S. algae have mainly been associated with direct contact with seawater. We report a case of primary S. algae bacteremia occurring after the ingestion of raw seafood in a patient with liver cirrhosis that presented a fulminent course of necrotizing fasciitis.

Primary Shewanella; Bacteremia Mimicking; Vibrio Septicemia; Dae Seong Myung; Young-sun Jung; Seung-ji Kang; Young A Song; Kyung-hwa Park; Sook-in Jung; Soo Hyun Kim; Jong-hee Shin; Sook-in Jung M. D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Promoting multicultural education in the primary classroom: broadband videoconferencing facilities and digital video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this study was to explore the impact of interaction (through gathering local field data and engaging in remote reciprocal presentations) on aspects of multicultural awareness. Sixty-six 11-12-year-old Scottish primary school pupils collected ... Keywords: computer-mediated communication, cooperative/collaborative learning, cross-cultural projects, elementary education, improving classroom teaching, multicultural education

Allen Thurston

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Developing strategic and reasoning abilities with computer games at primary school level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper reports a small-scale, long-term pilot project designed to foster strategic and reasoning abilities in young primary school pupils by engaging them in a number of computer games, mainly those usually called mind games (brainteasers, puzzlers, ... Keywords: Elementary education, Interactive learning environments, Pedagogical issues

R. M. Bottino; L. Ferlino; M. Ott; M. Tavella

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Highly accurate and consistent method for prediction of helix and strand content from primary protein sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objective:: One of interesting computational topics in bioinformatics is prediction of secondary structure of proteins. Over 30 years of research has been devoted to the topic but we are still far away from having reliable prediction methods. A critical ... Keywords: Bioinformatics, Composition moment vector, Composition vector, Primary protein sequence, Protein content prediction, Proteomics, Secondary protein structure

Jishou Ruan; Kui Wang; Jie Yang; Lukasz A. Kurgan; Krzysztof Cios

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to the Primary Motor Cortex Interferes with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to the Primary Motor Cortex Interferes with Motor- cranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to test the idea that this ``motor learning by observing'' is based representations of novel motor skills can be ac- quired through visual observation. We used repetitive trans

Miall, Chris

417

Primary cell of high energy density in which the anode active material is an alkali metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primary cell of high specific energy in which the anode active material is an alkali metal and the cathode active material is sulphur oxychloride which simultaneously acts as an electrolyte solvent, said electrolyte further containing a dissolved salt and a co-solvent. The co-solvent is chosen from among phosphoryl chloride and benzoyl chloride; the dissolved salt is lithium tetrachloroaluminate.

Gabano, J.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

SHR Service Team: Academic Divisions -Contact Matrix Primary Contact by Unit/Division  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SHR Service Team: Academic Divisions - Contact Matrix Primary Contact by Unit/Division Astronomy by Unit/Division Arts Humanities Library Social Sciences SHR Operations Services Timekeeping Time Contact by Unit/Division SOE Silicon Valley Center UARC UNEX SHR Operations Services Timekeeping Time

California at Santa Cruz, University of

419

290 Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories Appendix A Primary Containment for Biohazards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(BSOs) should understand that an active cabinet is a primary containment device. A BSC must be routinely. Since the air that flows to the rear grille is discharged into the exhaust system, activities that may. They can be used for certain clean activities, such as the dust-free assembly of sterile equipment

Manning, Sturt

420

Towards deeper learning through creativity within online communities in primary education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite recent British government moves to equip all Primary Schools with fast broadband connections to the Internet, it would seem that many schools as yet make little use of the increased capacity this affords other than to incorporate more and more ... Keywords: computer-mediated communication, cooperative/collaborative learning, learning communities, pedagogical issues, virtual reality

Keith Turvey

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Towards deeper learning through creativity within online communities in primary education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite recent British government moves to equip all Primary Schools with fast broadband connections to the Internet, it would seem that many schools as yet make little use of the increased capacity this affords other than to incorporate more and more ... Keywords: Computer-mediated communication, Cooperative/collaborative learning, Learning communities, Pedagogical issues, Virtual reality

Keith Turvey

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Evaluation of yield regulation options for primary forest in Tapajos National Forest, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of yield regulation options for primary forest in Tapajo´s National Forest, Brazil PaulJN, Scotland b Instituto do Homem e Meio Ambiente da Amazo^nia (IMAZON), CEP 66060-160 Bele´m, Brazil c Projeto Dendrogene, EMBRAPA, CEP 66095-100 Bele´m, Brazil Received 23 November 2005; received

423

Survey and alignment report on the primary control network for the APS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During November 1992 the survey and alignment team measured the entire primary control network for the APS. This task had to be finished before the enclosure of the EAA and the RF buildings were put in place, inhibiting several lines of sight necessary for the determination of the monument locations.

Friedsam, H.; Penicka, M.; Zhao, S.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Evaluation of NaK as the Primary Coolant for the SNAP II System  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation was made of the use of NaK as the primary coolant for the SNAP-2 system. Pumping-power limitations based on the mercury Rankine cycle are analyzed. Problems pertinent to any design-specification modifications are reviewed.

Wallerstedt, R.

1959-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

425

On the Role of Primary and Secondary Assets in Adaptive Security: An Application in Smart Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Role of Primary and Secondary Assets in Adaptive Security: An Application in Smart Grids scenarios in the customer domain of a smart grid. We suggest that modeling secondary assets aids the design of monitoring functions. Keywords-Adaptive security; Smart grid; Assets; Adaptive software I

426

On inconsistency of experimental data on primary nuclei spectra with sea level muon intensity measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the first time a complete set of the most recent direct data on primary cosmic ray spectra is used as input into calculations of muon flux at sea level in wide energy range $E_\\mu=1-3\\cdot10^5$ GeV. Computations have been performed with the CORSIKA/QGSJET and CORSIKA/VENUS codes. The comparison of the obtained muon intensity with the data of muon experiments shows, that measurements of primary nuclei spectra conform to sea level muon data only up to several tens of GeV and result in essential deficit of muons at higher energies. As it follows from our examination, uncertainties in muon flux measurements and in the description of nuclear cascades development are not suitable to explain this contradiction, and the only remaining factor, leading to this situation, is underestimation of primary light nuclei fluxes. We have considered systematic effects, that may distort the results of the primary cosmic ray measurements with the application of the emulsion chambers. We suggest, that re-examination of these measurements is required with the employment of different hadronic interaction models. Also, in our point of view, it is necessary to perform estimates of possible influence of the fact, that sizable fraction of events, identified as protons, actually are antiprotons. Study of these cosmic ray component begins to attract much attention, but today nothing definite is known for the energies $>40$ GeV. In any case, to realize whether the mentioned, or some other reasons are the sources of disagreement of the data on primaries with the data on muons, the indicated effects should be thoroughly analyzed.

A. A. Lagutin; A. G. Tyumentsev; A. V. Yushkov

2004-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

427

A COMPACT DEGENERATE PRIMARY-STAR PROGENITOR OF SN 2011fe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While a white dwarf (WD) is, from a theoretical perspective, the most plausible primary star of a Type Ia supernova (SN Ia), many other candidates have not been formally ruled out. Shock energy deposited in the envelope of any exploding primary contributes to the early SN brightness and, since this radiation energy is degraded by expansion after the explosion, the diffusive luminosity depends on the initial primary radius. We present a new non-detection limit of the nearby SN Ia 2011fe, obtained at a time that appears to be just 4 hr after explosion, allowing us to directly constrain the initial primary radius (R{sub p} ). Coupled with the non-detection of a quiescent X-ray counterpart and the inferred synthesized {sup 56}Ni mass, we show that R{sub p} {approx} 10{sup 4} g cm{sup -3}, and that the effective temperature must be less than a few Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} K. This rules out hydrogen-burning main-sequence stars and giants. Constructing the helium-burning and carbon-burning main sequences, we find that such objects are also excluded. By process of elimination, we find that only degeneracy-supported compact objects-WDs and neutron stars-are viable as the primary star of SN 2011fe. With few caveats, we also restrict the companion (secondary) star radius to R{sub c} {approx}< 0.1 R{sub Sun }, excluding Roche-lobe overflowing red giant and main-sequence companions to high significance.

Bloom, Joshua S.; Kasen, Daniel; Shen, Ken J.; Nugent, Peter E. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley CA, 94720-3411 (United States); Butler, Nathaniel R. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 871404, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 (United States); Graham, Melissa L.; Andrew Howell, D. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Dr., Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Kolb, Ulrich; Holmes, Stefan; Haswell, Carole A. [Department of Physical Sciences, Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA (United Kingdom); Burwitz, Vadim [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, 85748 Garching (Germany); Rodriguez, Juan [Observatori Astronomic de Mallorca, Cami de l'Observatori, 07144 Costitx, Mallorca (Spain); Sullivan, Mark, E-mail: jbloom@astro.berkeley.edu [Department of Physics (Astrophysics), University of Oxford, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

428

Energy and the economy: Soaring development in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Thailand's economy is one of the fastest growing in the world. Spectacular economic growth has brought a number of growing pains, energy being one of the many notables. Thailand's growth campaign has been fueled by oil, and as the economy shows little sign of slowing, energy use continues to grow. The government must balance a surging economy while scrambling to maintain sufficient energy supplies and infrastructure.

1993-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

429

Utredning av primärluftförvärmning till två avfallseldade pannor; Investigation of primary air preheating for two waste incineration boilers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this degree-project was to investigate the possibilities for primary air preheating into the two smallest waste incineration boilers of Halmstad Energy… (more)

Björkman, Mattias

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Genomic medicine in primary care: Texas physicians' adoption of an innovation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New applications of genomic medicine stemming from the Human Genome Project are predicted to become routine components of primary care. Primary care physicians (PCPs) will increasingly become responsible for screening patients for inherited diseases, recommending genetic testing, and making referrals to genetic services. Clinical applications of genomic medicine will occur at a variable pace. Characteristics of an innovation such as genomic medicine are strong indicators of its potential for adoption. The purpose of this study is to assess whether (and to what extent) physicians' perceptions of genomic medicine as an innovation influence their likelihood of adopting this innovation into primary care. The study's sample consists of 400 primary care physicians in Texas and employs a survey design. Based on Rogers' Diffusion of Innovations Theory, the perceived characteristics of genomic medicine - Relative Advantage, Compatibility, Complexity, Trialability, and Observability - are the study's independent/predictor variables. Likelihood of PCPs Adopting Genomic Medicine is the dependent variable. The nature of the social system (private or group practice) is examined as a possible moderator variable. The study suggests that Texas PCPs who are likely to adopt genomic medicine strongly perceive its clinical uses (such as genetic testing for carrier status or susceptibility to common diseases, testing an embryo for genetic disorders before it is implanted, and supplementing a family history) to be highly advantageous. For half of the PCPs, genetic services such as genetic counseling and genetic testing are not compatible with current practice. Perceived complexity of the innovation is the strongest predictor of likelihood of PCPs adopting genomic medicine. Many PCPs find it difficult to stay updated on genomic medicine and locate genetic services. Although Texas PCPs feel genomic medicine can be gradually incorporated into primary care practice, most are not presently observing their colleagues adopting genomic medicine or assisting their patients to make decisions regarding genetic services. Future efforts to advance the use of genomic medicine in primary care will require more emphasis on genetics in medical school curriculum and continuing education programs. Links with specialists trained in genetic counseling and health education will be essential to translate relevant information to patients and families.

Suther, Sandra Gayle

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Review of VVER Primary Water Chemistry and the Potential for its Use in PWRs: Potassium Hydroxide and/or Ammonia Based Water Chemist ries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Russian designed pressurized water reactors (PWRs) -- vodo-vodyannoy energeticheskiyr reactors (water-cooled, water-moderated reactors), or VVERs -- differ significantly from Western designed PWRs. Most have only stainless steels and zirconium alloys in contact with the primary coolant and use a different primary water chemistry. This report describes the various VVER primary circuit designs and primary water chemistries and considers whether a VVER type of primary water chemistry could be used in a West...

2002-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

432

INTEGRATED DRILLING SYSTEM USING MUD ACTUATED DOWN HOLE HAMMER AS PRIMARY ENGINE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A history and project summary of the development of an integrated drilling system using a mud-actuated down-hole hammer as its primary engine are given. The summary includes laboratory test results, including atmospheric tests of component parts and simulated borehole tests of the hammer system. Several remaining technical hurdles are enumerated. A brief explanation of commercialization potential is included. The primary conclusion for this work is that a mud actuated hammer can yield substantial improvements to drilling rate in overbalanced, hard rock formations. A secondary conclusion is that the down-hole mud actuated hammer can serve to provide other useful down-hole functions including generation of high pressure mud jets, generation of seismic and sonic signals, and generation of diagnostic information based on hammer velocity profiles.

John V. Fernandez; David S. Pixton

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

HQ State HQ City Primary Awardee Brief Project Description Project Locations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Primary Awardee Primary Awardee Brief Project Description Project Locations Recovery Act Funding* Participant Share Total Project Value Including Cost Share Los Angeles Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Implement a smart grid demonstration at university campus properties and technology transfer laboratories to establish a fully-integrated Smart Grid system and suite of technologies as applied to demand response, conduct a comprehensive portfolio of behavioral studies, demonstrate next- generation cyber security technologies, and demonstrate the integration of substantial number of PHEVs into Smart Grid. Los Angeles, CA $60,280,000 $60,280,000 $120,560,000 Rosemead Southern California Edison Company Demonstrate an integrated, scalable model of a Smart Grid System from transmission through

434

DOE Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Program Focus Groups with Primary Stakeholders in Seattle -- Final Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Building Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Program Focus Groups with Primary Stakeholders in Seattle Final Report G Redmond Wolf J Dohack LD Winges Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation Seattle, Washington Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Washington, D.C. February 2012 DOE Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Program Focus Groups with Primary Stakeholders in Seattle Final Report G Redmond Wolf J Dohack LD Winges Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation Seattle, Washington Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Washington, D.C. February 2012 Contents 1.0 Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 1

435

90.1 Prototype Building Models Primary School | Building Energy Codes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Primary School Primary School The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

436

Study of the ultrahigh-energy primary-cosmic-ray composition with the MACRO experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the analysis of multiple-muon events collected with one supermodule (1013 h live time) and two supermodules (1195 h live time) of the MACRO detector at Gran Sasso, Italy. Multimuon rates are shown to be sensitive to primary-cosmic-ray energies between {similar to}50 TeV and several thousand TeV. Experimental data are compared with the expected rates from two composition models: a light (i.e., proton-rich) and a heavy (i.e., Fe-rich) composition. The predictions are based on a Monte Carlo simulation of the hadronic interactions of cosmic-ray nuclei, followed by a detailed tracking of the muons through the rock and the experimental apparatus. The results show good sensitivity of the MACRO detector to primary composition. The data exhibit a preference towards the light composition model.

Ahlen, S.; Ambrosio, M.; Antolini, R.; Auriemma, G.; Baldini, A.; Bam, B.B.; Barbarino, G.C.; Barish, B.C.; Battistoni, G.; Bellotti, R.; Bemporad, C.; Bernardini, P.; Bilokon, H.; Bisi, V.; Bloise, C.; Bussino, S.; Cafagna, F.; Calicchio, M.; Campana, P.; Campana, D.; Carboni, M.; Cecchini, S.; Cei, F.; Chiarella, V.; Chiera, C.; Cobis, A.; Cormack, R.; Corona, A.; Coutu, S.; DeCataldo, G.; DeMarzo, C.; De Vincenzi, M.; Di Credico, A.; Diehl, E.; Erriquez, O.; Favuzzi, C.; Ficenec, D.; Forti, C.; Foti, L.; Fusco, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Giannini, G.; Giglietto, N.; Giubellino, P.; Grassi, M.; Green, P.; Grillo, A.; Guarino, F.; Gustavino, C.; Habig, A.; Heinz, R.; Hong, J.T.; Iarocci, E.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kearns, E.; Klein, S.; Kyriazopoulou, S.; Lamanna, E.; Lane, C.; Lee, C.; Levin, D.; Lipari, P.; Liu, G.; Liu, R.; Longo, M.J.; Ludlam, G.; Mancarella, G.; Mandrioli, G.; Margiotta-Neri, A.; Marin, A.; Marini, A.; Martello, D.; Martellotti, G.; Marzari Chiesa, A.; Masera, M.; Matteuzzi; (MACRO Collaboration)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Test report of evaluation of primary exhaust ventilation flowmeters for double shell hydrogen watch list tanks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document reports the results of testing four different flowmeters for use in the primary exhaust ventilation ducts of Double Shell Tanks on the hydrogen watch list that do not already have this capability. This currently includes tanks 241-AW-101,241-AN- 103, 241-AN-104, 241-AN-105 and 241-SY-103. The anticipated airflow velocity in these tanks range from 0.25 m/s(50 ft/min) to 1/78 m/s (350 ft/min). Past experiences at Hanford have forced the evaluation and selection of instruments to be used at the low flow and relatively high humidity conditions found in these tanks. Based on the results of this test, a flow meter has been chosen for installation in the primary exhaust ventilation ducts of the above mentioned waste tanks.

Willingham, W.E., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

438

Metallic and Non-Metallic Materials for the Primary Support Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary support structure (PSS) is required for mechanical support of reactor module (RM) components and mounting of the RM to the spacecraft. The PSS would provide support and accept all loads associated with dynamic (e. g., launch and maneuvering) or thermally induced loading. Prior to termination of NRPCT involvement in Project Prometheus, the NRPCT Mechanical Systems team developed preliminary finite element models to gain a basic understanding of the behavior of the structure, but optimization of the models, specification of the final design, and materials selection were not completed. The Space Plant Materials team had evaluated several materials for potential use in the primary support structure, namely titanium alloys, beryllium, aluminum alloys and carbon-carbon composites. The feasibility of application of each material system was compared based on mass, stiffness, thermal expansion, and ease of fabrication. Due to insufficient data on environmental factors, such as temperatures and radiation, and limited modeling support, a final materials selection was not made.

RA Wolf; RP Corson

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

439

Program on Technology Innovation: Effects of High Temperature on ESBWR Primary Containment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The civil/structural design of the Economic and Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR), General Electric's most advanced boiling water reactor, is an important aspect of the design that will be reviewed by the NRC as part of obtaining Final Design Approval. This report describes the advanced engineering modeling and nonlinear analysis techniques currently being used in support of the structural design of the ESBWR primary containment and reactor building for operations at elevated temperatures. The rep...

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

440

Primary Contacts Index; DOE Hydrogen Program FY 2009 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 FY 2009 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen Program XIII. Primary Contacts Index A Aceves, Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336, 771, 1257 Adams, Thad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95, 358 Adrianowycz, Orest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1108 Ahluwalia, Rajesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 714, 919 Ahmed, Shabbir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49, 1274 Ahn, Channing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487, 625 Allendorf, Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498 Anton, Donald . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483, 675, 720 Arif, Muhammad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 952 Autrey, Tom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528, 846 B Bain, Richard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Balachandran, U . (Balu) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Baldwin, Don . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350 Barclay, John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327 Barton, Tom . . . .

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The aftermath of primary power and its implications for independent transmission in PJM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent decision by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in ''Primary Power'' will have fundamental ramifications for transmission investment in the far-reaching PJM footprint. This decision, which is pending on rehearing and will likely be appealed, will determine whether transmission projects that are entitled to regulated rate recovery under the PJM tariff can only be built by incumbent transmission owners and whether new independent transmission entities are limited to building transmission projects on a ''merchant'' basis. (author)

Farrah, Elias G.; Elstein, S. Shamai

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

Steam Generator Management Program: PWR Primary-to-Secondary Leak Guidelines Revision 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Primary-to-secondary leakage of steam generator tubes in PWRs can result from mechanisms that propagate slowly or rapidly. Control room operators rely on online data for a rapid assessment of tube leakage conditions to ensure that the plant is maneuvered safely and to minimize the risk of tube rupture. Industry experts prepared and reviewed these revised guidelines to incorporate recent industry operating experience and technology improvements and to review the technical bases for action levels. This rep...

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

443

Modeling and Analysis of Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Primary Coolant Zinc Transients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of plant responses to transients in power production and zinc injection rates has the potential to reveal additional information about how, where, and at what rate zinc is deposited and incorporated into the films on primary system surfaces. Although the process of zinc transport and incorporation is complicated by the numerous mechanisms and surfaces available for incorporation, a control theory type analysis (linear systems analysis) could be useful for the analysis of transients, including in...

2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

444

Engineering study and conceptual design report for primary ventilation duct flow monitoring  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this engineering study is to develop the preferred method and concepts for measurement of the primary exhaust ventilation flow rates in Double Shell Tanks (DSTs) on the hydrogen watch list. This includes tanks 101-AW, 103, 104, and 105-AN, and 103-SY. A systems engineering approach is utilized to weight the desired characteristics of the flow monitoring system, and then select the best alternative

Hertelendy, N.A.

1995-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

445

Recent world fossil-fuel and primary energy production and consumption trends  

SciTech Connect

Worldwide fossil fuel and primary electric power production figures since 1973 show a recent drop in oil production similar to the 1975 decline after recession. Crude oil consumption has declined since 1978, while production has increased. Natural gas production and consumption continue to increase as does power generation from all energy sources. Differences are noted between data sources and comparisons made of the validity of the data. 13 references, 7 figures, 12 tables. (DCK)

Parent, J.D.

1982-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

446

Thermal analysis and cooling structure design of the primary collimator in CSNS/RCS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) of the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is a high intensity proton ring with beam power of 100 kW. In order to control the residual activation to meet the requirements of hands-on maintenance, a two-stage collimation system has been designed for the RCS. The collimation system consists of one primary collimator made of thin metal to scatter the beam and four secondary collimators as absorbers. Thermal analysis is an important aspect in evaluating the reliability of the collimation system. The calculation of the temperature distribution and thermal stress of the primary collimator with different materials is carried out by using ANSYS code. In order to control the temperature rise and thermal stress of the primary collimator to a reasonable level, an air cooling structure is intended to be used. The mechanical design of the cooling structure is presented, and the cooling effciency with different chin numbers and wind velocity is also analyzed. Finally, the fatigue life...

Zou, Yi-Qing; Kang, Ling; Qu, Hua-Min; He, Zhe-Xi; Yu, Jie-Bing; 10.1088/1674-1137/37/5/057004

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Excitation trapping and primary charge stabilization in Rhodopseudomonas viridis cells, measured electrically with picosecond resolution  

SciTech Connect

The transmembrane primary charge separation in the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas viridis was monitored by electric measurements of the light-gradient type. Excitation of whole cells with 30-ps laser pulses at either 532 nm or 1064 nm gave rise to a biphasic increase of the photovoltage. The fast phase, contributing about 50% of the total, rose with an exponential time constant less than or equal to 40 ps and was independent of the redox state of the quinone electron acceptor. It is assigned to the migration of the excitation energy in the antenna and its subsequent trapping by the reaction center, monitored by the ultrafast charge separation between the primary electron donor and the bacteriopheophytin intermediary acceptor. The slower phase (125 +/- 50 ps) only occurred when the quinone was oxidized and disappeared when it was reduced (either chemically or photochemically). It is assigned to the forward electron transfer from the bacteriopheophytin to the quinone. The relative amplitudes of these two electrogenic steps demonstrate that the bacteriopheophytin intermediary acceptor is located halfway between the primary donor and the quinone.

Deprez, J.; Trissl, H.W.; Breton, J.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK (DST) THERMAL & SEISMIC PROJECT BUCKLING EVALUATION METHODS & RESULTS FOR THE PRIMARY TANKS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents a detailed buckling evaluation of the primary tanks in the Hanford double-shell waste tanks (DSTs), which is part of a comprehensive structural review for the Double-Shell Tank Integrity Project. This work also provides information on tank integrity that specifically responds to concerns raised by the Office of Environment, Safety, and Health (ES&H) Oversight (EH-22) during a review of work performed on the double-shell tank farms and the operation of the aging waste facility (AWF) primary tank ventilation system. The current buckling review focuses on the following tasks: (1) Evaluate the potential for progressive I-bolt failure and the appropriateness of the safety factors that were used for evaluating local and global buckling. The analysis will specifically answer the following questions: (a) Can the EH-22 scenario develop if the vacuum is limited to -6.6-inch water gage (w.g.) by a relief valve? (b) What is the appropriate factor of safety required to protect against buckling if the EH-22 scenario can develop? (c) What is the appropriate factor of safety required to protect against buckling if the EH-22 scenario cannot develop? (2) Develop influence functions to estimate the axial stresses in the primary tanks for all reasonable combinations of tank loads, based on detailed finite element analysis. The analysis must account for the variation in design details and operating conditions between the different DSTs. The analysis must also address the imperfection sensitivity of the primary tank to buckling. (3) Perform a detailed buckling analysis to determine the maximum allowable differential pressure for each of the DST primary tanks at the current specified limits on waste temperature, height, and specific gravity. Based on the I-bolt loads analysis and the small deformations that are predicted at the unfactored limits on vacuum and axial loads, it is very unlikely that the EH-22 scenario (i.e., progressive I-bolt failure leading to global buckling of the tank under increased vacuum) could occur.

MACKEY TC; JOHNSON KI; DEIBLER JE; PILLI SP; RINKER MW; KARRI NK

2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

449

The growing demand among various industries, particularly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the durability necessary for armored vehicles to resist improvised explosive devices. "Our steel could

Baskaran, Mark

450

Growing Significance of Renewable Energy (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presentation on renewable energy innovations and policies by Dr. Dan Arvizu of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Arvizu, D. E.

2007-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

451

Silviculture: growing more wood on less land  

SciTech Connect

Maximizing the production of a concentrated, homogeneous wood supply virtually dictates intensively managed plantations. This management system implies: (1) improving the composite genotype of plantation trees; (2) optimizing their morphological and physiological condition prior to and at planting time; (3) improving the physiological environment of the crop at all stages of development; (4) protecting the plantation from pests and catastrophic events; and (5) modifying the shapes, dimensions, and qualities of crop trees to enhance the utility and value of harvested timber. Beneficiation of forest residuals for fiber and fuel is pushing forest industry relentlessly toward total stand utilization. Relative to the productivity of undisturbed or partially logged humid tropical forests, plantation growth rates represent four-fold to ten-fold increases in volume production. Displacement of some proportion of shifting agriculture and natural forest management systems by intensively managed plantations is desirable and biologically feasible. A key to successful tropical forest management and preservation is population stability, a condition toward which integrated wood conversion facilities supplied by a reliable plantation system can make a major contribution. There are some pressing and many esoteric reasons for conserving forest resources but pressures for utilizing and renewing these resources are immediate and unavoidable.

Gladstone, W.T.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

McElroy grows longwall production safely  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of America's leading underground coal mines has successfully transitions to a two-panel mine. A second longwall face way installed by CONSOL Energy at the McElroy mine south of Moundsville, W.Va. as part of a $200 m upgrade some five years ago. The article describes this installation and the current operations. 3 photos.

Fiscor, S.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Tape storage solutions: meeting growing data demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The exponential data growth caused by content-rich applications and new data compliance regulations has led to an increased demand for tape storage due to tape's low cost per GB and long shelf-life. However, tape technology suffers from several disadvantages: ...

Xianbo Zhang / David H. Du

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Apparatus for growing a dendritic web  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A melt system including a susceptor-crucible assembly having improved gradient control when melt replenishment is used during dendritic web growth. The improvement lies in the formation of a thermal barrier in the base of the receptor which is in the form of a vertical slot in the region of the susceptor underlying the crucible at the location of a compartmental separator dividing the crucible into a growth compartment and a melt replenishment compartment. The result achieved is a step change in temperature gradient in the melt thereby providing a more uniform temperature in the growth compartment from which the dendritic web is drawn.

Duncan, Charles S. (Pittsburgh, PA); Piotrowski, Paul A. (Monroeville, PA); Skutch, Maria E. (Trafford, PA); McHugh, James P. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1983-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

455

Baldrige-Driven Performance Excellence Helps Grow ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The job growth was significantly higher than the average growth in jobs of 3.2 ... periods (as reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the ...

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

456

Growing Caladiums in the Florida Garden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plants. This has been due in part to the limited supply of bulbs (botanically known as tubers) from which caladium growers, more bulbs (and better bulbs) have become available in recent years. `Florida Moonlight for caladiums. Caladiums are considered "light feeders", but do respond to low lev

Watson, Craig A.

457

Scale-Free Growing Networks and Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a possible relation between complex networks and gravity. Our guide in our proposal is the power-law distribution of the node degree in network theory and the information approach to gravity. The established bridge may allow us to carry geometric mathematical structures, which are considered in gravitational theories, to probabilistic aspects studied in the framework of complex networks and vice versa.

J. A. Nieto

2011-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

458

Available Technologies: Scalable Methods for Growing ...  

The four new technologies described below, developed by Alex Zettl and his team from the Materials Sciences Division, comprise a valuable nano-toolbox ...

459

The growing world LP-gas supply  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possible range of future (LPG) export availabilities is huge, but actual production levels depend on factors, many of which are beyond our direct control - world demand for crude oil and gas, developments in technology, and the price of both energy in general and LPG specifically. Although these factors limit some of the potential developments, a substantial increase in LPG supply is certain, and this is likely to depress its price relative to other products. Over the last few years, a dramatic expansion has taken place in the industry. From 1980 to 1987, non-Communist world production of LPG increased by close to 35%, to a total of 115 million tonnes. If this is set against the general energy scene, LPG represented 3.7% of crude oil production by weight in 1980, rising to 5.4% in 1987. This growth reflects rise in consciousness around the world of the value of the product. LPG is no longer regarded as a byproduct, which is flared or disposed of at low value, but increasingly as a co-product, and much of the growth in production has been due to the installation of tailored recovery systems. LPG markets historically developed around sources of supply, constrained by the costs of transportation. The major exceptions, of course, were the Middle East, the large exporter, and Japan, the large importer.

Hoare, M.C.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Growing demand for gas spawns pipeline projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that burgeoning demand for gas is fueling pipeline construction in Eastern and Western hemispheres. In the East, the North Sea is the focal point for activity. And in the West, the U.S. gas market is the power behind construction. As predictions of U.S. gas demand increase, Canadian pipeliners adjust expansion plans to be ready to capture greater shares of markets. Canada's TransCanada Pipelines Ltd. is racing to step up its share of the U.S. market. TransCanada's Western Gas Marketing Ltd. sold 242.3 bcf of gas in the 3 months ended last June 30, a 9.8% increase from last year. TransCanada reported lower volumes sold into Canadian markets, while exports into the U.S. continued to rise. Gas Research Institute (GRI) projects Canadian gas exports to the U.S. by 2000 will reach 2 tcf/year and LNG exports 800 bcf/year. U.S. gas supplies could increase to 23.9 tcf/year by 2010, mostly from Lower 48 production. GRI says supplies from Canada will make up the balance. In the past 2 years, TransCanada has spent about $1 billion expanding its interprovincial main line system.

Not Available

1991-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Region growing for multi-route cuts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study a number of multi-route cut problems: given a graph G = (V, E) and connectivity thresholds k(u, v) on pairs of nodes, the goal is to find a minimum cost set of edges or vertices the removal of which ...

Siddharth Barman; Shuchi Chawla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Growing Energy Biomass crops as a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to provide our heat, electricity and liquid transport fuels. It is widely agreed that wind, wave, tidal carbon emissions set by the Kyoto Protocol are to be met. Biomass from crop plants can make an important of research activities aimed at the sustainable production of biomass from energy crops for heat and power

Rambaut, Andrew

463

Growing Supermassive Black Holes by Chaotic Accretion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is recent observational evidence (Barth et al., 2003, Willott et al, 2003) for supermassive black holes (SMBH)

A. R. King; J. E. Pringle

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Otisco`  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.S. miyabeana named `Otisco`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 42% more woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX64`) and 33% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Otisco` produced greater than 2.5-fold more stem biomass than two other current production cultivars, `SX67` and `SX61`. `Otisco` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Otisco` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

465

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Oneida`  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distinct male cultivar of Salix purpurea.times.S. miyabeana named `Oneida`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing 2.7-times greater woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX67`) and greater than 36% more biomass than current production cultivars (`SV1` and `SX64`). `Oneida` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Oneida` displays a low incidence of rust disease or damage by beetles or sawflies.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Fast-growing shrub willow named `Owasco`  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distinct female cultivar of Salix viminalis.times.Salix miyabeana named `Owasco`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing greater than 49% more woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX64`) and 39% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Otisco` produced greater than 2.7-fold more stem biomass than two other current production cultivars, `SX67` and `SX61`. `Owasco` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Owasco` displays a low incidence of rust disease and is not damaged by potato leafhoppers.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P. (Marcellus, NY); Kopp, Richard F. (Marietta, NY); Smart, Lawrence B. (Geneva, NY); Volk, Timothy A. (Syracuse, NY)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

467

Fast-growing willow shrub named `Millbrook`  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distinct female cultivar of Salix purpurea.times.Salix miyabeana named `Millbrook`, characterized by rapid stem growth producing 9% more woody biomass than one of its parents (`SX64`) and 2% more biomass than a current production cultivar (`SV1`). `Millbrook` produced greater than 2-fold more stem biomass than two other current production cultivars, `SX67` and `SX61`. `Millbrook` can be planted from dormant stem cuttings, produces multiple stems after coppice, and the stem biomass can be harvested when the plant is dormant. In the spring following harvest, the plant will re-sprout very vigorously, producing new stems that can be harvested after two to four years of growth. This harvest cycle can be repeated several times. The stem biomass can be chipped and burned as a source of renewable energy, generating heat and/or electricity. `Millbrook` displays a low incidence of rust disease.

Abrahamson, Lawrence P [Marcellus, NY; Kopp, Richard F [Marietta, NY; Smart, Lawrence B [Geneva, NY; Volk, Timothy A [Syracuse, NY

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

468

Learning Topologic Maps with Growing Neural Gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-organising neural networks try to preserve the topology of an input space by means of their competitive learning. This capacity has been used, among others, for the representation of objects and their motion. In this work we use a kind of self-organising ... Keywords: Self-organising maps, computational geometry, robot navigation, topologic maps, topology preservation

José García-Rodríguez; Francisco Flórez-Revuelta; Juan Manuel García-Chamizo

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Coordination and bifurcation in growing spatial economies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

opment of infrastructure and its impact on agglomeration within a city. This debate is ... and Mumford (1961) regarding the causes of the revival of cities in medie-.

470

Growing role for power-plant modeling  

SciTech Connect

The use of models is described in nuclear plant design as an aid in planning construction, training operating and maintenance personnel, and eliminating construction and operational problems. Model types discussed include preliminary models, general arrangement models, site models, specific design or study models, construction models, and final design models. (DG)

Hickman, R.S.; Munguia, A.J.; Askwith, H.H.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Avoiding the Spectrum Crunch: Growing the Wireless ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST is leveraging recent funding from DARPA, with whom we are (1) developing oscilloscope-based techniques to provide a calibrated ...

2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

472

Growing Mineral Wool Production through Electric Furnaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The Tenova Group has collaborated to design and supply one of the largest .... Strengthening Sintering of Refractory Iron Ore with Biomass Fuel.

473

Growing a pattern language (for security)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers and practitioners have been successfully documenting software patterns for over two decades. But the next step--building pattern languages--has proven much more difficult. This paper describes an approach for building a large pattern language ... Keywords: architecture, pattern language, patterns

Munawar Hafiz; Paul Adamczyk; Ralph E. Johnson

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Pressure solution and microfracturing in primary oil migration, upper cretaceous Austin Chalk, Texas Gulf Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Upper Cretaceous Austin Chalk is a well known source rock and fractured reservoir. Production is mainly from fractures, and the mechanism by which oil migrates from the matrix into the fractures is not well understood. Microfracturing due to oil generation offers a possible explanation for the mechanism of the primary migration of oil in the Austin Chalk. Detailed petrographic analysis was undertaken to study the primary migration of oil in the Austin Chalk. The important components of the primary migration system are the solution seams, swarms of horizontal microfractures associated with the solution seams and the tectonic fractures from which the oil is recovered. Pressure solution is manifest in the Austin Chalk as millimeter-scale solution seams and smaller microseams. The solution seams are composites formed by the superposition of the microseams in an anastomosing network. Evidence for pressure solution is the presence of truncated fossils along seams and the high concentration of insolubles within them. A significant amount of organic matter and bitumen was observed to be concentrated within the seams. Associated with the solution seams are swarms of horizontal microftactures, many of them filled with calcite. Numerous vertical, tectonic fractures are found intersecting the solution seams. Pressure solution serves to concentrate organic matter within the solution seams and oil is generated here. It is postulated that the accompanying increase in fluid volume raises the pore pressures and fractures the rock. These newly created microfractures are avenues for migration of fluids from the seams. It is likely that oil migrates from the seams into the tectonic fractures via the microftactures. Oil may also be migrating directly from the seams into the fractures along an organic network. The matrix recharges the fractures by the mechanism postulated in this study. Thus, production can be sustained at low rates even after the initial period of decline. Further studies should attempt to correlate the carbonate in the matrix with that in the microfractures, and the oil in the seams with that in the fractures.

Chanchani, Jitesh

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Thermal Analysis of the Divertor Primary Heat Transfer System Piping During the Gas Baking Process  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary analysis has been performed examining the temperature distribution in the Divertor Primary Heat Transfer System (PHTS) piping and the divertor itself during the gas baking process. During gas baking, it is required that the divertor reach a temperature of 350 C. Thermal losses in the piping and from the divertor itself require that the gas supply temperature be maintained above that temperature in order to ensure that all of the divertor components reach the required temperature. The analysis described in this report was conducted in order to estimate the required supply temperature from the gas heater.

Yoder Jr, Graydon L [ORNL; Harvey, Karen [ORNL; Ferrada, Juan J [ORNL

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Gender homophily from spatial behavior in a primary school: a sociometric study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate gender homophily in the spatial proximity of children (6 to 12 years old) in a French primary school, using time-resolved data on face-to-face proximity recorded by means of wearable sensors. For strong ties, i.e., for pairs of children who interact more than a defined threshold, we find statistical evidence of gender preference that increases with grade. For weak ties, conversely, gender homophily is negatively correlated with grade for girls, and positively correlated with grade for boys. This different evolution with grade of weak and strong ties exposes a contrasted picture of gender homophily.

Stehlé, J; Picard, T; Barrat, C Cattuto A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Primary productivity control of simulated carbon cycle-climate feedbacks. Geophys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[1] Positive feedbacks between the terrestrial carbon cycle and climate represent an outstanding area of uncertainty in simulations of future climate change. Coupled climatecarbon cycle models have simulated widely divergent feedback magnitudes, and attempts to explain model differences have had only limited success. In this study, we demonstrate that the response of vegetation primary productivity to climate changes is a critical controlling factor in determining the strength of simulated carbon cycle-climate feedbacks. This conclusion sheds new light on coupled climate-carbon cycle model results, and highlights the need for improved model representation of photosynthesis processes so as to better constrain future projections of climate change. Citation: Matthews, H. D.,

H. Damon Matthews; Michael Eby; Andrew J. Weaver; Barbara J. Hawkins; M. Eby; A. J. Weaver; B. J. Hawkins

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

The Federal Reserve’s Primary Dealer Credit Facility.” Unpublished paper, Federal Reserve Bank of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As liquidity conditions in the “repo market”—the market where broker-dealers obtain financing for their securities—deteriorated following the near-bankruptcy of Bear Stearns in March 2008, the Federal Reserve took the step of creating a special facility to provide overnight loans to dealers that have a trading relationship with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Six months later, in the wake of new strains in the repo market, the Fed expanded the facility by broadening the types of collateral accepted for loans. Both initiatives were designed to help restore the orderly functioning of the market and to prevent the spillover of distress to other financial firms. On March 16, 2008, at the height of the Bear Stearns crisis, the Federal Reserve Board granted the Federal Reserve Bank of New York the authority to establish the Primary Dealer Credit Facility (PDCF). The facility allows primary dealers—banks and securities broker-dealers that trade U.S. government and other securities with market participants and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York—to borrow from the New York Fed on a collateralized basis in times of market stress. 1 By extension, this provision of credit is designed to ease liquidity pressures in the broader “repo market, ” the secured funding market where primary dealers and others normally obtain much of the financing for their securities holdings. In the days leading up to the Fed’s action, access to repo financing had narrowed sharply, and the Fed recognized the need to provide dealers with an alternate source of funds. This edition of Current Issues offers an overview of the Primary Dealer Credit Facility. We consider the events that led to the creation of the facility—chiefly, the 2008 Bear Stearns turmoil and the liquidity strains that developed in the overnight repo market—and the reasons for the expansion of the facility in September 2008. 2 In addition, we discuss the economics of the facility in relation to the Federal Reserve’s role as lender of last resort. Also considered are issues relating to the supervision of financial institutions and the risk of moral hazard that have been raised following the launch of the PDCF. 3

Tobias Adrian; Christopher R. Burke; James J. Mcandrews

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Fast computational methods for predicting protein structure from primary amino acid sequence  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides a method utilizing primary amino acid sequence of a protein, energy minimization, molecular dynamics and protein vibrational modes to predict three-dimensional structure of a protein. The present invention also determines possible intermediates in the protein folding pathway. The present invention has important applications to the design of novel drugs as well as protein engineering. The present invention predicts the three-dimensional structure of a protein independent of size of the protein, overcoming a significant limitation in the prior art.

Agarwal, Pratul Kumar (Knoxville, TN)

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

480

Worldwide estimates and bibliography of net primary productivity derived from pre-1982 publications  

SciTech Connect

An extensive compilation of more than 700 field estimates of net primary productivity of natural and agricultural ecosystems worldwide was synthesized in Germany in the 1970s and early 1980s. Although the Osnabrueck data set has not been updated since the 1980s, it represents a wealth of information for use in model development and validation. This report documents the development of this data set, its contents, and its recent availability on the Internet from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center for Biogeochemical Dynamics. Caution is advised in using these data, which necessarily include assumptions and conversions that may not be universally applicable to all sites.

Esser, G. [Justus-Liebig-Univ., Giessen (Germany). Inst. for Plant Ecology] [Justus-Liebig-Univ., Giessen (Germany). Inst. for Plant Ecology; Lieth, H.F.H. [Univ. of Osnabrueck (Germany). Systems Research Group] [Univ. of Osnabrueck (Germany). Systems Research Group; Scurlock, J.M.O.; Olson, R.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fastest growing primary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

An ambidextrous organisation in practice: strategic actions in Ericsson?s management of "Bluetooth"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The successful and rapid evolution of the revolutionary "Bluetooth" technology has not gone unnoticed. By 2002, over 2500 companies had joined what is now one of the fastest growing industrial organisations ever to promote a new technology. The ... Keywords: Bluetooth, Ericsson, ambidextrous organisation

Dennis Nobelius

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Instability of Equivalent-Barotropic Riders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown, by the integration of numerical initial-value problems, that modon-with-rider solutions to the equivalent barotropic equation are unstable in the parametric range relevant to Gulf Stream rings. The fastest growing mode is found to ...

Mark Swenson

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Grid-connected Solar Electric Systems: The Earthscan Expert Handbook for Planning, Design and Installation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar electricity or photovoltaics (PV) is the world's fastest growing energy technology. It can be used on a wide variety of scales, from single dwellings to utility-scale solar farms providing power for whole communities. It can be integrated into ...

Geoff Stapleton; Susan Neill

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Global Warming Local Warning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

informed consumption and lifestyle decisions. "Green energy must be put at the heart of sustainable from the expected increase in freak and extreme weather conditions. My concern as Green Party MEP working to combat aviation subsidies, since air transport is the fastest growing source of greenhouse gas

Williams, Paul

485

A behavior-based SMS antispam system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short messaging service (SMS) is one of the fastest-growing telecom value-added services worldwide. However, mobile message spam is a side effect for ordinary mobile phone users that seriously troubles their daily life and, as a result, threatens the ...

C. Wang; Y. Zhang; X. Chen; Z. Liu; L. Shi; G. Chen; F. Qiu; C. Ying; W. Lu

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Study of Electrode Surface by IR Spectroscopy X. Zhang and P. N. Ross  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and are inefficient at high rates of dis- charge. Lithium Ion: This is the fastest growing battery technol- ogy today, with significantly higher energy densities, and cycle life about twice that of Ni-MH batteries. Lithium ion batteries of a lithium/thionyl chloride cell. The battery consists of an anode (lithium), a cathode (carbon

487

Sizing of isolated wind-electrolyzer systems by use of a probalistic method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind Power is currently the fastest growing energy source in the world. Norway is one of the best-situated European countries for using wind power, and several large-scale wind farms are given concession. If wind power is combined with other energy sources ... Keywords: dimensioning, electrolysis, hydrogen storage, isolated systems, probalistic methods, wind power

Terje Gjengedal; Lars Nesje Grimsmo; Magnus Korpaas

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Ris Energy Report 4 Distributed generation 1 What is distributed generation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø Energy Report 4 Distributed generation 1 5 What is distributed generation? Distributed as distributed energy resources (DERs). It appears that there is no consensus on precise defi- nitions of DG. Wind energy is presently the fastest growing and largest contributor to distributed genera- tion from

489

Diurnal and seasonal variations of wind farm impacts on land surface temperature over western Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry has installed a total of 46,919 megawatts (MW) of capac- ity, making it second in the world behind, University at Albany, State University of New York, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, USA e energy is among the world's fastest growing sources of energy. Through the end of 2011, the US wind

Zhou, Liming

490

Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis in Wind Energy Conversion Systems: A Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and it is expected to remain so for some time. At the end of 2003 the installed wind capacity stands at over 40000 MW the need for future research, this paper is intended as a tutorial overview based on a review of the state. INTRODUCTION Wind energy conversion is the fastest-growing source of new electric generation in the world

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

491

OUT Success Stories: Photovoltaic Deployment in West Bengal, India  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bringing electric power to thousands of people in India allows them to pump water electrically and to light their homes at night. For these applications, photovoltaic (PV) electricity is often the least expensive and most reliable power alternative. This market represents one of the largest and fastest growing sectors for renewable energy technology.

Strawn, N.

2000-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

492

Memory Fault Modeling Trends: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, embedded memories are the fastest growing segment of system on chip. They therefore have a major impact on the overall Defect per Million (DPM). Further, the shrinking technologies and processes introduce new defects that cause previously ... Keywords: data backgrounds, dynamic faults, fault coverage, fault models, memory tests, static faults

Said Hamdioui; Rob Wadsworth; John Delos Reyes; Ad J. Van De Goor

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Urban Heat Island Research in Phoenix, Arizona: Theoretical Contributions and Policy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past 60 years, metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona, has been among the fastest-growing urban areas in the United States, and this rapid urbanization has resulted in an urban heat island (UHI) of substantial size and intensity. During this time, an ...

Winston T. L. Chow; Dean Brennan; Anthony J. Brazel

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Volume 1, Issue 6 While conducting research in Indonesia, Associate Professor Amanda Clarke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volume 1, Issue 6 While conducting research in Indonesia, Associate Professor Amanda Clarke, Indonesia that suddenly erupted on May 29, 2006. The world's fastest growing mud volcano was dubbed LUSI drama Mud Max that explores the impacts of natural disasters in Indonesia with a special emphasis

Shumway, John

495

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. NATIONAL WIND TECHNOLOGY CENTER www.nrel.gov/wind Wind energy is one of the fastest growing electricity generation sources in the world. NREL's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC), the nation's premier wind energy technology research facility, fosters

496

A Conceptual Framework of Service Innovation and Its Implications for Future Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The service sector is the most important and fastest growing business sector of developed countries nowadays. However, a lack of conceptual foundation for service science and service innovation is identified. This paper aims at closing this gap, indicating ... Keywords: Conceptual Framework, Service Innovation, Service Science, Service-dominant Logic

Sven Schwarz; Carolin Durst; Freimut Bodendorf

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Director of Engineering, Google Australia and New Zealand Date: Friday 19 August 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alan Noble Director of Engineering, Google Australia and New Zealand NICTA Canberra Research and management experience, in Australia, the United States and Japan. Since Feb 2007 he has lead Google's research and development operations in Australia, one of Google's fastest growing engineering centres

Heiser, Gernot

498

Wind Turbine Bearing Failure Detection Using Generator Stator Current Homopolar Component  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems (WECS) are the fastest growing sources of new electric generation in the world and it is expected generation systems, which are facing to constantly changing operating parameters, such as fuel cost, multiple, leading to a best electricity generating opportunities. However, the offshore or onshore environments

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

499

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING and IAEA NUCLEAR FUSION Nucl. Fusion 42 (2002) 6675 PII: S0029-5515(02)32320-2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas puff and the other with a spontaneous transition from type I to III ELMs at the heating power, United States of America 2 Euratom/UKAEA Fusion Association, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom 3 threshold. Linear gyrokinetic analysis gives the growth rate lin of the fastest growing modes. The flow

Budny, Robert

500

Production techniques of PV's and polycrystalline PV performance analyses for permanent resistive load  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) panels which are used to convert solar energy to electrical energy one of the fastest growing source on energy sector. Their efficiencies are increasing day by day with new technologies. Photovoltaic's average efficiencies are still ... Keywords: D.C. loads, energy consumption, photovoltaic, production techniques

Safak Sa?lam; Gökhan Koçyi?it; Nevzat Onat

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z