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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Developing sustainable food supply chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...unavailable, and oil palm estate and cooperative schemes...value from (more) sustainable production, especially...being developed by the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative...achieve separately (Sustainable Food Laboratory 2005...businesses focus on making a real difference and often...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Developing sustainable food supply chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...consumers to buy green. For those food businesses dependent on hedonistic...environment. No time or energy for strategy vision long-term business vision no long-term...66-67. In How green is my kitchen...that affect our business, 70 pp. See www...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Fast Food with Slow Cookers SESSION GOALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast Food with Slow Cookers SESSION GOALS: Participants will learn how to use a slow cooker to help cooker. SESSION OBJECTIVES: By participating in today's session, participants will be able to: 1. Demonstrate an understanding of key food safety principles when using a slow cooker. 2. Prepare more

4

Confirmation of a new food chain utilizing geothermal energy ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Confirmation of a new food chain utilizing geothermal energy: Unusual fatty acids of a deep-sea bivalve, Calyptogena phaseoliformis. Saito, Hiroaki, Kazufumi ...

5

8 - Continuous temperature monitoring along the chilled food supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter addresses the need for continuous temperature monitoring along the entire food supply chain to ensure food quality and safety. In the first part, the needs and expectations as well as barriers of supply chain actors regarding novel technologies are discussed. In the second part, novel technologies for the continuous control of temperature conditions in chilled food chains are presented. These include temperature monitoring systems based on radio frequency identification (RFID) and smart labels, such as time temperature indicators (TTIs). Finally, solutions are presented which show how temperature monitoring systems can be linked with product characteristics to improve food quality and safety.

M. Eden; V. Raab; J. Kreyenschmidt; T. Hafliđason; G. Olafsdóttir; S.G. Bogason

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

The availability of healthy food options in fast food outlets in six rural counties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2006 Major Subject: Nutrition THE AVAILABILITY OF HEALTHY FOOD OPTIONS IN FAST FOOD OUTLETS IN SIX RURAL COUNTIES A Thesis by JENNIFER SUE CREEL Submitted... Anding Chair of Nutrition Faculty, Nancy Turner December 2006 Major Subject: Nutrition iii ABSTRACT The Availability of Healthy Food Options in Fast Food Outlets in Six Rural Counties. (December 2006) Jennifer Sue...

Creel, Jennifer Sue

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Fast Transport of Mixed Ion-Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the dynamics of mixed-species ion crystals during transport between spatially distinct locations in a linear Paul trap in the diabatic regime. In a general mixed-species crystal, all degrees of freedom along the direction of transport are excited by an accelerating well, so unlike the case of same-species ions, where only the center-of-mass-mode is excited, several degrees of freedom have to be simultaneously controlled by the transport protocol. We design protocols that lead to low final excitations in the diabatic regime using invariant-based inverse-engineering for two different-species ions and also show how to extend this approach to longer mixed-species ion strings. Fast transport of mixed-species ion strings can significantly reduce the time overhead in certain architectures for scalable quantum information processing with trapped ions.

M. Palmero; R. Bowler; J. P. Gaebler; D. Leibfried; J. G. Muga

2014-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

8

E-Print Network 3.0 - agri-food supply chains Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& vegetables supply chains specificities and stakes as element of discussion on Social-LCA Summary: 2039 ABSTRACT Agri-food supply chains are at the heart of sustainable...

9

Fast food in a Chinese provincial city: a comparative analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, anthropologist James Watson rejects the idea that Western food chains are undermining local cuisine and culture (Watson, 1997a). While McDonald's introduced a new way of eating into some East Asian countries, these cultures in turn changed certain things about..., anthropologist James Watson rejects the idea that Western food chains are undermining local cuisine and culture (Watson, 1997a). While McDonald's introduced a new way of eating into some East Asian countries, these cultures in turn changed certain things about...

Zhu, Haiying

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

10

Data Collection for HWIR: Section 10 - Farm Food Chain  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DATA COLLECTION FOR THE DATA COLLECTION FOR THE HAZARDOUS WASTE IDENTIFICATION RULE SECTION 10.0 FARM FOOD CHAIN AND TERRESTRIAL FOODWEB DATA Work Assignment Managers Stephen M. Kroner and Technical Direction: David A. Cozzie U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste Washington, DC 20460 Prepared by: Center for Environmental Analysis Research Triangle Institute 3040 Cornwallis Road Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194 Under Contract No. 68-W-98-085 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste Washington, DC 20460 October 1999 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS A number of individuals have been involved with the database development in support of the aquatic food web module. David Cozzie and Stephen Kroner of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Office of Solid Waste, provided overall technical direction and review

11

Aggregation methods in food chains with nutrient recycling B.W. Kooi a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aggregation methods in food chains with nutrient recycling B.W. Kooi a, *, J.C. Poggiale b , P recycling is taken into account. The food chain is formed by a nutrient and two populations, prey. The excreted material together with death material, detritus, is decomposed and this gives the recycling

Poggiale, Jean-Christophe

12

Food waste within food supply chains: quantification and potential for change to 2050  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...potential for food waste reduction Interviewees...potential for food waste reduction. In developing...skills and knowledge, storage, transport and distribution...Kader 2005). For long-term sustainability...approaches to food waste reduction include...labelling and food storage also have food waste...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

www.landesbioscience.com GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 1 GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 3:4, 1-5; October/November/December 2012; 2012 Landes Bioscience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.landesbioscience.com GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 1 GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain 3:4, 1-5; October/November/December 2012, the 35S pro- moter (P35S) and terminator are widely used in research and plant biotechnology.3,4 The P35S

14

Temperature management for the quality assurance of a perishable food supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Compared to most product supply chains, food supply chains are often more complex and more difficult to manage because the food product is perishable and has a short shelf life. A cold chain or temperature-controlled supply chain provides the essential facilities and methods required to maintain the quality and quantity of foods. Since foods can be time and temperature sensitive in nature, they need to be properly taken care of in terms of harvesting, preparation, packaging, transportation and handling – in other words, throughout the entire chain. Temperature is the most important factor in prolonging or maintaining the shelf life of perishables. Refrigeration is one of most widely used methods to date to slow the bacteria growth that leads to food deterioration. The proper control and management of temperature is crucial in delivering perishables to consumers and ensuring that those perishables are in good condition and safe to eat. This paper addresses the methods used to improve the ability to define an optimal target temperature for multi-commodity refrigerated storage. Simulation results support the fact that the presented methods provide more accurate results compared to the conventional method. In addition, an experiment with a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) was conducted. As a result, the sensor-based methods for real time quality monitoring and assessment that consider product metabolism and Euclidean distance cost depending on temperature changes are found to be superior to the traditional visual assessment method.

Myo Min Aung; Yoon Seok Chang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Accelerating Bitcoin's Transaction Processing Fast Money Grows on Trees, Not Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accelerating Bitcoin's Transaction Processing Fast Money Grows on Trees, Not Chains Yonatan Sompolinsky Aviv Zohar Abstract Bitcoin is a potentially disruptive new crypto-currency based that will affect Bitcoin's success, is whether or not it will be able to scale to support the high volume

16

Ecosystem consequences of diversity depend on food chain length in estuarine vegetation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Emmett Duffy*, J. Paul Richardson and Kristin E. France School of Marine Science and Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062-1346, USA *Correspondence: E-mail: jeduffy@vims.edu Abstract Biodiversity and food chain length each can strongly influence ecosystem

Duffy, J. Emmett

17

Probabilistic accident consequence uncertainty analysis: Food chain uncertainty assessment. Volume 2: Appendices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume is the second of a two-volume document that summarizes a joint project by the US Nuclear Regulatory and the Commission of European Communities to assess uncertainties in the MACCS and COSYMA probabilistic accident consequence codes. These codes were developed primarily for estimating the risks presented by nuclear reactors based on postulated frequencies and magnitudes of potential accidents. This two-volume report, which examines mechanisms and uncertainties of transfer through the food chain, is the first in a series of five such reports. A panel of sixteen experts was formed to compile credible and traceable uncertainty distributions for food chain transfer that affect calculations of offsite radiological consequences. Seven of the experts reported on transfer into the food chain through soil and plants, nine reported on transfer via food products from animals, and two reported on both. The expert judgment elicitation procedure and its outcomes are described in these volumes. This volume contains seven appendices. Appendix A presents a brief discussion of the MAACS and COSYMA model codes. Appendix B is the structure document and elicitation questionnaire for the expert panel on soils and plants. Appendix C presents the rationales and responses of each of the members of the soils and plants expert panel. Appendix D is the structure document and elicitation questionnaire for the expert panel on animal transfer. The rationales and responses of each of the experts on animal transfer are given in Appendix E. Brief biographies of the food chain expert panel members are provided in Appendix F. Aggregated results of expert responses are presented in graph format in Appendix G.

Brown, J. [National Radiological Protection Board (United Kingdom); Goossens, L.H.J.; Kraan, B.C.P. [Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)] [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

The CCKB antagonist CI988 reduces food intake in fasted rats via a dopamine mediated pathway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Studies have shown a reduction of food intake following peripheral and brain injection of CCK. However, it remains to be established whether endogenous central CCK is involved in the regulation of food intake. We investigated the role of central CCK in the regulation of food intake by pharmacological manipulation of the CCKB (CCK2) receptor system. Intracerebroventricularly (ICV) cannulated male Sprague Dawley rats were fasted for 24 h and received an ICV injection of the CCKB receptor antagonist CI988 at a dose of 10 nmol or 49 nmol or vehicle. Another group received two consecutive ICV injections consisting of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor-1 (CRF1) antagonist, CP376395 (3 nmol) or the CRF2 receptor antagonist, K41498 (2 nmol) alone, or followed by CI988 (49 nmol). Lastly, another group of rats received an intraperitoneal (IP) injection of the dopamine antagonist, flupentixol (?197 and ?493 nmol/kg) alone, or followed by CI988 (49 nmol, ICV). Cumulative food intake was assessed for 11 h. Vehicle injected rats showed a robust feeding response. CI988 at 49 nmol reduced food intake by 30% starting at 2 h post injection. CP376395 and K41498 had no effect on food intake. Flupentixol injected IP at a dose of 197 and 493 nmol/kg alone did not modulate food intake whereas the higher dose blocked the CI988-induced reduction of feeding. During the dark phase, CI988 had no effect on food intake in unfasted rats. In summary, CCKB signaling is involved in the regulation of food intake after a fast likely by downstream dopamine signaling.

Lisa Frommelt; Vanessa Lembke; Tobias Hofmann; Miriam Goebel-Stengel; Hubert Mönnikes; Bertram Wiedenmann; Burghard F. Klapp; Andreas Stengel; Peter Kobelt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Sharp and fast: Sensors and switches based on polymer brushes with adsorption-active minority chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a design for polymer-based sensors and switches with sharp switching transition and fast response time. The switching mechanism involves a radical change in the conformations of adsorption-active minority chains in a brush. Such transitions can be induced by a temperature change of only about ten degrees, and the characteristic time of the conformational change is less than a second. We present an analytical theory for these switches and support it by self-consistent field calculations and Brownian dynamics simulations.

Leonid I. Klushin; Alexander M. Skvortsov; Alexey A. Polotsky; Shuanhu Qi; Friederike Schmid

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

20

Uranium in the Near-shore Aquatic Food Chain: Studies on Periphyton and Asian Clams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The benthic aquatic organisms in the near-shore environment of the Columbia River are the first biological receptors that can be exposed to groundwater contaminants coming from the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. The primary contaminant of concern in the former nuclear fuels processing area at the Site, known as the 300 Area, is uranium. Currently, there are no national clean up criteria for uranium and ecological receptors. This report summarizes efforts to characterize biological uptake of uranium in the food chain of the benthic aquatic organisms and provide information to be used in future assessments of uranium and the ecosystem.

Bunn, Amoret L.; Miley, Terri B.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Brandt, Charles A.; Napier, Bruce A.

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Assessment of Food Chain Pathway Parameters in Biosphere Models: Annual Progress Report for Fiscal Year 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Annual Progress Report describes the work performed and summarizes some of the key observations to date on the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s project Assessment of Food Chain Pathway Parameters in Biosphere Models, which was established to assess and evaluate a number of key parameters used in the food-chain models used in performance assessments of radioactive waste disposal facilities. Section 2 of this report describes activities undertaken to collect samples of soils from three regions of the United States, the Southeast, Northwest, and Southwest, and perform analyses to characterize their physical and chemical properties. Section 3 summarizes information gathered regarding agricultural practices and common and unusual crops grown in each of these three areas. Section 4 describes progress in studying radionuclide uptake in several representative crops from the three soil types in controlled laboratory conditions. Section 5 describes a range of international coordination activities undertaken by Project staff in order to support the underlying data needs of the Project. Section 6 provides a very brief summary of the status of the GENII Version 2 computer program, which is a “client” of the types of data being generated by the Project, and for which the Project will be providing training to the US NRC staff in the coming Fiscal Year. Several appendices provide additional supporting information.

Napier, Bruce A.; Krupka, Kenneth M.; Fellows, Robert J.; Cataldo, Dominic A.; Valenta, Michelle M.; Gilmore, Tyler J.

2004-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

22

Estimated dose to man from uranium milling via the terrestrial food-chain pathway  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the major pathways of radiological exposure to man from uranium milling operations is through the terrestrial food chain. Studies by various investigators have shown the extent of uptake and distribution of U-238, U-234, Th-230, Ra-226, Pb-210, and Po-210 in plants and animals. These long-lived natural radioisotopes, all nuclides of the uranium decay series, are found in concentrated amounts in uranium mill tailings. Data from these investigations are used to estimate the dose to man from consumption of beef and milk contaminated by the tailings. This dose estimate from this technologically enhanced source is compared with that from average normal dietary intake of these radionuclides from natural sources.

Rayno, D.R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Biological monitoring of an agricultural food chain: soil cadmium and lead in ruminant tissues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hypothesis that low-level contamination of a sandy loam soil with cadmium and lead at 0.01-9.0 and 3.0-54.0 ug g-1 soil respectively could induce a response in grasses as measured by the accumulation of soil Cd and Pb in sudan sorghum hay, was verified at the 0.08 and 0.05 levels respectively. Employing these data and the concentrations of Cd and Pb in blood, liver, kidney, select brain tissues and fetal tissues of pregnant goats as test animals consuming the hay over a 98 day feeding period, an assessment of the magnitude of these metals retained along select pathways of the agricultural food chain was developed.

Brams, E.; Anthony, W.; Weatherspoon, L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Pesticide safety risk, food chain organization, and the adoption of sustainable farming practices. The case of Moroccan early tomatoes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Pesticide safety risk, food chain organization, and the adoption of sustainable farming practices standards and more recently process standards (Good agricultural practices and integrated pest management. The case of Moroccan early tomatoes Magali Aubert1 , Zouhair Bouhsina1 , Jean-Marie Codron1 , Sylvain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

Human and animal health risk assessments of chemicals in the food chain: Comparative aspects and future perspectives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemicals from anthropogenic and natural origins enter animal feed, human food and water either as undesirable contaminants or as part of the components of a diet. Over the last five decades, considerable efforts and progress to develop methodologies to protect humans and animals against potential risks associated with exposure to such potentially toxic chemicals have been made. This special issue presents relevant methodological developments and examples of risk assessments of undesirable substances in the food chain integrating the animal health and the human health perspective and refers to recent Opinions of the Scientific Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM) of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). This introductory review aims to give a comparative account of the risk assessment steps used in human health and animal health risk assessments for chemicals in the food chain and provides a critical view of the data gaps and future perspectives for this cross-disciplinary field. - Highlights: ? Principles of human and animal health risk assessment. ? Data gaps for each step of animal health risk assessment. ? Implications of animal risk assessment on human risk assessment. ? Future perspectives on chemical risk assessment.

Dorne, J.L.C.M., E-mail: jean-lou.dorne@efsa.europa.eu [Emerging Risk Unit, Via Carlo Magno 1A, 43126 Parma (Italy); Fink-Gremmels, J. [Utrecht University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Yalelaan 104, 3584 CM Utrecht (Netherlands)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing food chain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the light of food culture and history. Appetite 45, 15-23. 2005... cycle assessment (LCA) of agricultural food production. Department of Agricultural Engineering. Thesis......

27

Probabilistic accident consequence uncertainty analysis: Food chain uncertainty assessment. Volume 1: Main report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume is the first of a two-volume document that summarizes a joint project conducted by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the European Commission to assess uncertainties in the MACCS and COSYMA probabilistic accident consequence codes. These codes were developed primarily for estimating the risks presented by nuclear reactors based on postulated frequencies and magnitudes of potential accidents. This document reports on an ongoing project to assess uncertainty in the MACCS and COSYMA calculations for the offsite consequences of radionuclide releases by hypothetical nuclear power plant accidents. A panel of sixteen experts was formed to compile credible and traceable uncertainty distributions for food chain variables that affect calculations of offsite consequences. The expert judgment elicitation procedure and its outcomes are described in these volumes. Other panels were formed to consider uncertainty in other aspects of the codes. Their results are described in companion reports. Volume 1 contains background information and a complete description of the joint consequence uncertainty study. Volume 2 contains appendices that include (1) a summary of the MACCS and COSYMA consequence codes, (2) the elicitation questionnaires and case structures for both panels, (3) the rationales and results for the panels on soil and plant transfer and animal transfer, (4) short biographies of the experts, and (5) the aggregated results of their responses.

Brown, J. [National Radiological Protection Board (United Kingdom); Goossens, L.H.J.; Kraan, B.C.P. [Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)] [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Assessment of selenium food chain transfer and critical exposure factors for avian wildlife species: Need for site-specific data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations of selenium poisoning in Belews Lake, NC in the mid-1970s and Kesterson Reservoir, CA in the mid-1980s precipitated a large number of selenium studies. Numerous authors have evaluated the potential for selenium to cause ecologically significant effects via food chain transfer in aquatic ecosystems, especially wetlands. Additionally, bioaccumulation models have been proposed for estimating selenium concentrations in food chains and water that should not be exceeded in order to avoid reproductive effects in avian and aquatic species. The current national chronic ambient water quality criterion (WQC) for protection of aquatic life is 5 {micro}g/L. Scientists with the US Fish and Wildlife Service have recommended setting the ambient water quality criterion at 2 {micro}g/L for both aquatic and wildlife protection.

Adams, W.J. [Kennecott Utah Copper, Magna, UT (United States); Brix, K.V.; Cothern, K.A.; Tear, L.M.; Cardwell, R.D.; Toll, J.E. [Parametrix, Inc., Kirkland, WA (United States); Fairbrother, A. [Ecological Planning and Toxicology, Inc., Corvallis, OR (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

FAST  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002363MLTPL00 FAST - A Framework for Agile Software Testing v. 2.0  https://software.sandia.gov/trac/fast 

30

PATHWAY: a simulation model of radionuclide-transport through agricultural food chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PATHWAY simulates the transport of radionuclides from fallout through an agricultural ecosystem. The agro-ecosystem is subdivided into several land management units, each of which is used either for grazing animals, for growing hay, or for growing food crops. The model simulates the transport of radionuclides by both discrete events and continuous, time-dependent processes. The discrete events include tillage of soil, harvest and storage of crops,and deposition of fallout. The continuous processes include the transport of radionuclides due to resuspension, weathering, rain splash, percolation, leaching, adsorption and desorption of radionuclides in the soil, root uptake, foliar absorption, growth and senescence of vegetation, and the ingestion assimilation, and excretion of radionuclides by animals. Preliminary validation studies indicate that the model dynamics and simulated values of radionuclide concentrations in several agricultural products agree well with measured values when the model is driven with site specific data on deposition from world-wide fallout.

Kirchner, T.B.; Whicker, F.W.; Otis, M.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Emulating the fast-start swimming performance of the Chain Pickerel (Esox niger) using a mechanical fish design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mean maximum start-up accelerations and velocities achieved by the fast-start specialist, northern pike, are reported at 120 ms-2 and 4 ms-1, respectively (Harper and Blake, 1990). In this thesis, a simple mechanical system ...

Watts, Matthew Nicholas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Fast Food, Slow Death and the Propaganda of Health: Jewel Thais-Williams’ Radical Battle for Black Survival  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context for Choice: Health Implications of Targeted Food andhealth for the sake of ease. As we all probably know, the implications

Hope, Analena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Fast Chain Contraction during Protein Folding: ``Foldability'' and Collapse Dynamics Linlin Qiu, Cherian Zachariah,* and Stephen J. Hagen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Cherian Zachariah,* and Stephen J. Hagen University of Florida, Physics Department, P.O. Box 118440 of the equilibrium ``foldability'' of these molecules? We have measured the rate of chain contraction in two scale (10Ăż5s) as the natural protein, and both pass over an energetic barrier at least as large

Hagen, Stephen J.

34

Food Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Definition Buildings used for preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption. Sub Categories fast food, restaurant or cafeteria References EIA CBECS Building...

35

Fresh Food Online Supermarket Development Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The preservation of fresh food is difficult, so the problems of food safety and the waste of it are very serious. The development of Fresh food online supermarkets will contribute to solve the problem. On the basis of describing the concept, scope and ... Keywords: Cold Chain Logistics, Food Safety, Fresh Food, Internet, Online Supermarket, SWOT

Xie Xiang, Liu Jiashi, Guan Zhongliang, Ke Xinsheng

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Accurate-Mass Databases for Comprehensive Screening of Pesticide Residues in Food by Fast Liquid Chromatography Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of agrochemicals at various stages of cultivation has an important impact in food protection and quality preservation. ... The chromatographic method held the initial mobile phase composition (10% B) constant for 1 min, followed by a linear gradient to 100% B up to 12 min, and kept for 5 min at 100% B. The flow rate used was 0.6 mL min?1. ... Accurate-Mass Database of the Studied Pesticides Including Retention Times (RT), Theoretical Accurate Masses, and Elemental Compositions of the Detected Ions ...

Milagros Mezcua; Octavio Malato; Juan F. García-Reyes; Antonio Molina-Díaz; Amadeo R. Fernández-Alba

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

37

E-Print Network 3.0 - agri-food marketing system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& vegetables supply chains specificities and stakes as element of discussion on Social-LCA Summary: 2039 ABSTRACT Agri-food supply chains are at the heart of sustainable...

38

Chernobyl nuclear accident: Effects on food. (Latest citations from the Food Science and Technology Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning studies and measurements of the radioactive contamination by the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident of food and the food chain. The studies cover meat and dairy products, vegetables, fish, food chains, and radioactive contamination of agricultural farms and lands. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

MERCURY IN A MARINE PELAGIC FOOD CHAIN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

were greater than those for zooplankton; however, .... ing greater cfficicncy in sample digestion. After acid .... year class was as great as the range over the first to ...

1999-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

40

Bomb tests attack the food chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ciguatera poisoning, the most common type of fish poisoning in the world, has become a major public health problem in some parts of the South Pacific. This area has always been the site of periodic outbreaks, especially after severe storms or natural disasters that damage core reefs. But since World War II it has become evident that military activities and major construction projects that wreak havoc on corals also lead to ciguatera outbreaks. Extraordinarily high rates of ciguatera poisoning have occurred on the small Pacific islands that have been used for nuclear tests and on the islands that host the military infrastructures and activities that accompany the tests. This is true for both the Marshall Islands near Bikini and Eniwetok, where U.S. tests took place, and in French Polynesia, in the area around Moruroa Atoll where the French government continues to test. Ciguatera poisoning has a disastrous effect on people who depend on fishing as a way of life and on fish as the major source of protein. 10 refs.

Ruff, T. (Monash Medical School, Melbourne (Australia))

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Radioactivity in food crops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Published levels of radioactivity in food crops from 21 countries and 4 island chains of Oceania are listed. The tabulation includes more than 3000 examples of 100 different crops. Data are arranged alphabetically by food crop and geographical origin. The sampling date, nuclide measured, mean radioactivity, range of radioactivities, sample basis, number of samples analyzed, and bibliographic citation are given for each entry, when available. Analyses were reported most frequently for /sup 137/Cs, /sup 40/K, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 226/Ra, /sup 228/Ra, plutonium, uranium, total alpha, and total beta, but a few authors also reported data for /sup 241/Am, /sup 7/Be, /sup 60/Co, /sup 55/Fe, /sup 3/H, /sup 131/I, /sup 54/Mn, /sup 95/Nb, /sup 210/Pb, /sup 210/Po, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 125/Sb, /sup 228/Th, /sup 232/Th, and /sup 95/Zr. Based on the reported data it appears that radioactivity from alpha emitters in food crops is usually low, on the order of 0.1 Bq.g/sup -1/ (wet weight) or less. Reported values of beta radiation in a given crop generally appear to be several orders of magnitude greater than those of alpha emitters. The most striking aspect of the data is the great range of radioactivity reported for a given nuclide in similar food crops with different geographical origins.

Drury, J.S.; Baldauf, M.F.; Daniel, E.W.; Fore, C.S.; Uziel, M.S.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

FOOD AND DRINK REGULATIONS Serving hot food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

legislation. · The food must be prepared and cooked off site. Preparing food implies any form of preparation

O'Mahony, Donal E.

43

Food Safety for Tailgate Parties and Picnics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cannot store them properly. Wrap hot casseroles in several layers of alu- minum foil, followed by newspapers and a towel. Or, use insulated containers. Hot casseroles should be served within 2 hours. Cold foods can be transported in an ice chest with ice... or cold packs to keep the foods below 40 degrees F. Pack the food in shallow containers and pre-chill them before placing them in the ice chest. Keep sandwiches cold or eat them within 2 hours. Watch the clock on ready-to-serve and fast food, too. Fried...

Van Laanen, Peggy

2001-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

44

Identifying causes of mechanical defects and critical control points in fruit supply chains: an overview of a banana supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The issue of food losses is of high importance in the efforts to combat hunger, raise income and improve food security in many developing countries. Therefore, there is need to minimise food losses in agri-food supply chains. This study was conducted with the aim to identify causes of mechanical defects in banana fruit supply chain in Zimbabwe and to also establish critical control points at which incidence of the mechanical fruit defects can be minimised in the chain. Data was gathered through interviews and participatory observation. Most of the causes of mechanical defects were found to be due to poor handling at the different stages in the chain. Propping, maturity at harvest, handling during harvesting and packing, and control of temperature and relative humidity during fruit ripening were established as critical control points at which incidence of mechanical damage can be minimised.

Lesley Macheka; Ruth Tambudzai Ngadze; Faith Angeline Manditsera; Juliet Mubaiwa; Robert Musundire

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Fast valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast valve is disclosed that can close on the order of 7 milliseconds. It is closed by the force of a compressed air spring with the moving parts of the valve designed to be of very light weight and the valve gate being of wedge shaped with O-ring sealed faces to provide sealing contact without metal to metal contact. The combination of the O-ring seal and an air cushion create a soft final movement of the valve closure to prevent the fast air acting valve from having a harsh closing. 4 figs.

Van Dyke, W.J.

1992-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

46

Fast valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast valve is disclosed that can close on the order of 7 milliseconds. It is closed by the force of a compressed air spring with the moving parts of the valve designed to be of very light weight and the valve gate being of wedge shaped with O-ring sealed faces to provide sealing contact without metal to metal contact. The combination of the O-ring seal and an air cushion create a soft final movement of the valve closure to prevent the fast air acting valve from having a harsh closing.

Van Dyke, William J. (Grafton, VA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A novel capillary polymerase chain reaction machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I built a novel prototype capillary polymerase chain reaction machine. The purpose was to perform a single reaction as fast as possible with a reaction volume - 100 nl. The PCR mix is in the form of a 1 /1 droplet that ...

Chiou, Jeffrey Tsungshuan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Holiday Foods.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

28 28 2 2trJ 29 29 2" ~ .____./ 30 30 30 30 30 HOLIDAY FOODS Frances L. Reasonover and Mary K. Sweeten* The flavor , color, temperature and texture of foods enhance holiday occasions. However, in addition to attractiveness and taste... and almond extract. Serves 75 to 100. APRICOT PUNCH 2 large cans of apricots put through a sieve, or 2 large cans apricot nectar 4 cups orange juice 2 cups lemon juice 1 quart ginger ale 1 1/2 gallons lime or orange sherbet Sweetener may be added...

Reasonover, Frances L.; Sweeten, Mary K.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Moose Food  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Moose Food Moose Food Name: Mrs. Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: My husband & I own 30 acres of prime moose habitat. Unfortunately they have just about eaten up all of the aquatic browse. Either that or the hard winters in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and the fact that we have a shallow lake has killed these plants the moose like. What would be best to plant native to our lakes in michigan for the moose? They like aquatic plants the best that we have observed from afar, but what kinds. Hope you can help. The biologist for our area is new & didn't have any names of aquatic plants. Replies: Dear Mrs. The following sites may be useful: http://www.mooseworld.com/moosebrowse.htm http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF9/910.html http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/taxbre/value_and_use.html

50

LCA Food 2012—towards sustainable food systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The production, transformation, distribution and consumption of food and drink contribute strongly to human prosperity and health. However, the food and agriculture sector also causes major environmental impacts....

Hayo M. G. van der Werf; Michael S. Corson…

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Linear chain magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Linear chain magnetism ... A brief introduction to this concept, which is also called lower dimensional magnetism. ...

Richard L. Carlin

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Agriculture's Hold on the Commonwealth Food Marketing and Lumber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agriculture's Hold on the Commonwealth 43 Food Marketing and Lumber Processing in Massachusetts, University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Food Marketing and Lumber Processing in Massachusetts, 1958 to1997 44 marketing chain) because processing is directly linked to primary production, the topic of our first white

Schweik, Charles M.

53

Fast company | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fast company Fast company High performance computing accelerates scientific advances EMSL's NWChem software is being used for applications in biology such as modeling metabolic...

54

Safe Chain Saw Operation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Z TA24S.7 8873 NO.1409 B-1409 SAFE CHAIN SAW OPERATION Gary S. Nelson* A chain saw is a portable power cutting machine. Used properly, it will trim or cut down trees, clear land or cut fireplace wood. Improperly used, a chain saw can... ground level , losing balance, shifting chain saw weight while cutting at or above waist level or ex periencing chain saw kickback. Often, loss of balance causes an operator to reach into the running saw blade as he grabs to steady himself. Other...

Nelson, Gary S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Safe Home Food Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proper food storage can preserve food quality and prevent spoilage and food/borne illness. The specifics of pantry, refrigerator and freezer storage are given, along with helpful information on new packaging, label dates, etc. A comprehensive table...

Van Laanen, Peggy

2002-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

56

Reducing food losses by intelligent food logistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1006 62 Theme Issue Intelligent food logistics: decrease waste and improve quality...Reducing food losses by intelligent food logistics Reiner Jedermann 1 Mike Nicometo 2 Ismail...Bremen Research Cluster for Dynamics in Logistics (LogDynamics), Bremen, Germany One...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

West Pico Food | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pico Food Pico Food Jump to: navigation, search Name West Pico Food Place Vernon, California Sector Solar Product A distributor of wholesale frozen foods to supermarket chains in Southern California, which has had a solar installation built on its roof. Coordinates 42.761624°, -72.511495° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.761624,"lon":-72.511495,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

58

Global Food Security | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Food Security Global Food Security aWhere aWhere transforms how global development initiatives are managed and monitored. aWhere's location intelligence data management platform enables integration of complex agricultural, environmental and public health data into local, actionable insight. Application URL: http://www.awhere.com/en-us Read more about aWhere 0 comment(s) | Food Frequency Method Online A fast, low cost, effective method to assess micro-nutrient deficiencies in a developing country on a household basis, while also allowing for an aggregation to a community or regional basis quickly and effectively. Application URL: http://www.foodfrequencyonline.org/index Read more about Food Frequency Method Online 0 comment(s) | e-Afghan AG e-Afghan Ag provides credible relevant information to those helping farmers

59

Automated nucleic acid chain tracing in real time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is presented for the automatic building of nucleotide chains into electron density which is fast enough to be used in interactive model-building software. Likely nucleotides lying in the vicinity of the current view are located and then grown into connected chains in a fraction of a second. When this development is combined with existing tools, assisted manual model building is as simple as or simpler than for proteins.

Cowtan, K.

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

60

A Look at Food Service Buildings - Index Page  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Food Service Food Service Home: A Look at CBECS Building Activities How large are they? How many employees are there? Where are they located? How old are they? Who owns and occupies them? How do they use energy and how much does it cost? How do they use electricity? How do they use natural gas? What types of equipment do they use? How do they measure up on conservation efforts? Summary Comparison Table (All Activities) FOOD SERVICE BUILDINGS There were an estimated 285,000 food service buildings in the U.S. in 1995. Number of Buildings In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), food service buildings are those used for the preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption; they include buildings such as fast food establishments, full service restaurants, caterers, cafeterias, diners, and bars.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Ising-Chain Statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The general n-spin correlation function for the Ising chain is calculated exactly. The perpendicular magnetic susceptibility is calculated for arbitrary values of the parallel magnetic field.

James S. Marsh

1966-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

62

Microbial Communities Involved in Anaerobic Degradation of Unsaturated or Saturated Long-Chain Fatty Acids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...found in wastewaters from various sources, e.g., dairy industry, food processing industry, slaughterhouses, wool scouring industry, and vegetable oil/fat refineries. LCFA vary in chain length and degree of saturation, and the most abundant...

Diana Z. Sousa; M. Alcina Pereira; Alfons J. M. Stams; M. Madalena Alves; Hauke Smidt

2006-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

63

Holiday Food Drive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Food Drive Food Drive Holiday Food Drive During the recent holiday food drive, employees donated enough food to provide about 23,604 holiday meals for Northern New Mexico families. More than 432 frozen turkeys were donated this year by employees and other donors during 'Bring a Turkey to Work Day,' an annual Lab event that takes places Thanksgiving week. September 16, 2013 LANL employees organize food for the Holiday Food Drive. Contacts Giving Drives Ed Vigil Community Programs Office (505) 665-9205 Email Giving Drives Enrique Trujillo Community Programs Office (505) 665-6384 Email Helping feed Northern New Mexico families Community partners The Food Depot (Santa Fe) Del Norte Credit Union Smith's Food and Drug Giving Holiday Food Drive Holiday Gift Drive LANL Laces Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund

64

The changing role of veterinary expertise in the food chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...would be greater individual liberty-liberty not bounded by arbitrary rules of nation-states...unblocking barriers to the neoliberal project, and continuing to sustain it rather...regulation. Arguably, a different political project would have resulted in different forms...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Consumption patterns, complexity and enrichment in aquatic food chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...22 May 1998 research-article Consumption patterns, complexity and enrichment...patterns resembling ratio-dependent consumption. However, whereas the prey-dependent...prey-dependent|enrichment|omnivory| Consumption patterns, complexity and enrichment...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

The changing role of veterinary expertise in the food chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...apparent in the private pet care sector, it has also...responsibilities of animal health. This agenda was prompted...science-based animal health policy [7]. Secondly...organizational and managerial reforms. The younger, more...relationship to public health have been brought into...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

An Arctic Terrestrial Food-Chain Bioaccumulation Model for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and sediment quality criteria, remedial cleanup efforts, and environmental for further investigation and illustrate the uncertainty associated with the model's ap- plicability. Finally that are currently beyond the capabilities of empirical investigation. These predictions can be useful for evaluating

Gobas, Frank

68

Food Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and food service segments of the food industry. Other ca- reer options include positions with federalFood Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition Institute for Food Safety of Food Science and Nutrition (FdSN) at the School of Applied Technology and the Institute for Food Safety

Heller, Barbara

69

Barloworld Supply Chain Software USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Barloworld Supply Chain Software USA Supply Chain Consultant / Inventory Analyst Position November 2011 #12;Barloworld SCS USA ­ Supply Chain / Inventory Analyst Aug 2011 Page 2 of 4 INTRODUCTION Barloworld Supply Chain Software (SCS) USA would like to invite you to apply for a Supply Chain

Heller, Barbara

70

CALCULATING THE CARBON FOOTPRINT SUPPLY CHAIN FOR THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of carbon emissions Other factors driving companies to reduce carbon emissions of their supply chain of carbon dioxide emitted to develop tools to measure the amount of carbon emissions produced from footprint of a can of food is the total amount of carbon emissions from production, transportation

Su, Xiao

71

Fast-Neutron Handbook  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... FAST neutron physics, in the present context, concerns the study of interactions of atomic nuclei with neutrons ...

J. H. MONTAGUE

1961-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

72

carleton.ca Food Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

); food safety (contaminants, food poisoning); and the sensory properties of food (taste, appearancecarleton.ca Food Science and Nutrition #12;The production and distribution of food is one on the effective processing, storage and handling of food. The field of food science integrates and applies

Dawson, Jeff W.

73

Food Sales | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Building Type Food Sales Definition Buildings used for retail or wholesale of food. Sub Categories grocery store or food market, gas station with a convenience...

74

Safer Food with Irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This publication answers questions about food irradiation and how it helps prevent foodborne illnesses. Included are explanations of how irradiation works and its benefits. Irradiation is a safe method of preserving food quality and ensuring its...

Thompson, Britta; Vestal, Andy; Van Laanen, Peggy

2003-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

75

Natural Toxicants in Foods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of exploring the potential naturally occurring toxic hazards of food plants is not to suggest an irrational avoidance of these common foods. However, it is important to identify, define, and invest...

Ross C. Beier; Herbert N. Nigg

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Food Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Food Service Food service buildings are those used for preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Food Service Buildings... An overwhelming majority (72 percent) of food service buildings were small buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet). Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Food Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Categories Figure showing number of food service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Food Service Buildings

77

European supply chain study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction: Supply chain management has been defined as, "..a set of approaches utilized to efficiently integrate suppliers, manufacturers, warehouses and stores, so that merchandise is produced and distributed at the ...

Puri, Mohitkumar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Four Simple Food Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information and Seafood Hotline: 1-888-SAFE FOOD Partnership for Food Safety Education Web Site www. August, 2004 Separate: Separate raw meat, poultry and seafood from other foods in your grocery shopping not eat refrigerated smoked seafood unless it is contained in a cooked dish

Garfunkel, Eric

79

Carbon footprint of food – approaches from national input–output statistics and a LCA of a food portion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of the study, on which this paper is based, was to provide guidance to consumers to make environmentally responsible choices in their food consumption, to assist food supply chain stakeholders to identify the key areas for environmental improvements, and to provide policy makers with a tool for monitoring the potential impacts on climate change resulting from developments within the food sector. At the macro level, the EIO-LCA model was developed specifically for the Finnish food chain; at the micro level, \\{LCAs\\} were performed on 30 lunch portions. The contribution of the Finnish food chain to climate change was 14%, which comprised 40% CO2 emissions, 25% CH4 emissions, and 34% N2O emissions. The share of impacts from domestic agricultural processes was the highest, at 69%. The impact of a single lunch portion ranged between 0.65 and 3.80 kg of equivalent CO2. According to the EIO-LCA model, the average impact was 7.7 kg CO2 eq/person daily. The consumer phase accounted for between 8 and 47% of the climate change impacts for homemade portions. In ready-to-eat portions industry and retail phases were emphasized, representing 25–38% of climate change impacts. We present an approach to steer the Finnish food sector onto an environmentally sustainable path; practical tools for consumers and farmers will especially need to be developed further.

Yrjö Virtanen; Sirpa Kurppa; Merja Saarinen; Juha-Matti Katajajuuri; Kirsi Usva; Ilmo Mäenpää; Johanna Mäkelä; Juha Grönroos; Ari Nissinen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Fast food  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology Institute for Food Safety and Health IIT Program Manager: Renee McBrien The Institute for Food Safety and Health (IFSH), with IIT faculty, U ground for individuals seeking graduate edu- cation in food safety and technology and food process

Heller, Barbara

82

Fast reactor safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... SIR, - In his article on fast reactor safety (26 July, page 270) Norman Dombey claims to introduce to non-specialists ... , page 270) Norman Dombey claims to introduce to non-specialists some features of fast reactors that are not available outside the technical literature. The non-specialist would do well ...

R.D. SMITH

1979-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

83

Investigacin Supply chain collaboration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These interactions among firms' decisions ask for alignment and coordination of actions. Therefore, game theory quantities, among others. Nowadays, business decisions are dominated by the globalization of markets, and that the decisions taken by a firm do also affect the performance of the other parties in the supply chain

Boucherie, Richard J.

84

NUFinancials Supply Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUFinancials Supply Chain FMS801 & 803 Purchasing Glossary 03/31/2010 © 2010 Northwestern University FMS801 & 803 1 Purchasing Glossary Guide to terms used in iBuyNU and NUFinancials purchasing Term, faculty salary, office supplies. Similar to CUFS Object Code, Revenue Source, and Balance Sheet. Note

Shull, Kenneth R.

85

Negotiations Within Supply Chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we consider a negotiation between a supplier and its retailer. Due to the supplier's commitments with other customers the negotiation is about the maximum order quantity the retailer can order at a fixed price. We propose a structuring ... Keywords: capacity, contract, cooperation, negotiations, scenario, supply chain management

Carsten Homburg; Christoph Schneeweiss

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Temporary Food Service  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Food Service The SLAC Caf, auditorium and visitor center have been closed and will be replaced with a new Science and User Support Building (SUSB). During this construction...

87

Learning Outcomes Food Science & Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the long-term sustainability of Oregon's food processing industry · Provide service to the professionLearning Outcomes Food Science & Technology Oregon State University The Department's Learning of the Department of Food Science & Technology at Oregon State University is to serve food technologists, food

Escher, Christine

88

Food price volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of commodity price changes in energy and metals as well as for foods...commodities, in particular corn, sugar and vegetable oils...smaller in food markets than in energy and metals markets, reflecting...insignificant fall grains (%) maize (corn) 19.3 19.4 19.2 1.02...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Food Environments Near Home and School Related to Consumption of Soda and Fast Food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stores (including gas stations with convenience stores),including those in gas stations), liquor stores, dollarstores (including gas stations with convenience stores),

Babey, Susan H; Wolstein, Joelle; Diamant, Allison L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Indian Agriculture and Foods  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Agriculture and Foods Agriculture and Foods Nature Bulletin No. 387-A September 19, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation INDIAN AGRICULTURE AND FOODS Most of the Indian tribes east of the Great Plains were part-time farmers. Some of them cultivated sunflowers, giant ragweed, canary grass and pigweed for their seeds, which they used as food. Many grew tobacco. But corn, beans and squash -- wherever the climate permitted - - were the principal crops. There were several varieties of beans. They ate both the seeds and rinds of some dozens of kinds of squash and pumpkin. When game was not abundant there was a wealth of wild fruits, berries, and many kinds of wild plants with edible leaves, seeds, or roots. Corn, however, was the ' staff of life" and they depended on corn, beans and squash -- "the three sisters" -- for year-round food.

91

Summer Food Safety  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SUMMER FOOD SAFETY SUMMER FOOD SAFETY Year after year, we hear and read the same advice: Handle food carefully in the summer because foodborne illness -- also known as "food poisoning" -- is more prevalent in warmer weather. Do foodborne illnesses increase during the summer months? If so, why? Yes, foodborne illnesses do increase during the summer, and the answer appears to be twofold. First, there are the natural causes. Bacteria are present throughout the environment in soil, air, water, and in the bodies of people and animals. These microorganisms grow faster in the warm summer months. Most foodborne bacteria grow fastest at temperatures from 90 to 110 °F. Bacteria also need moisture to flourish, and summer weather is often hot and humid. Given the right circumstances, harmful bacteria can quickly multiply on food to large numbers.

92

The Tourism Global Value Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Tourism Global Value Chain ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Michelle Christian 2011 CENTER on GLOBALIZATION, GOVERNANCE & COMPETITIVENESS #12;The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic: November 17, 2011 #12;The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development i Table

Richardson, David

93

Environmental Poisons in Our Food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that Environmental Poisons in Our Food comparison looks likeEnvironmental Poisons in Our Food. Chicago: PNB Publishers,what is Environmental Poisons in Our Food? It is more than a

Kaag, Cindy

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

The global food supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cure-alls include land reforms, crash programs in education...initiated somewhat earlier, Mexico moved from a substantial...principal sources of food energy for the world's population...essential agricultural reforms. If the population problem...

J G Harrar

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

chain 2chain 3 4row of 6 racks and 2 row of 5 racks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chain 1 chain 2chain 3 4row of 6 racks and 2 row of 5 racks chain 4 chain 10 6 5 4 3 2 1 chain 5 chain 6 f b fb f b b f f b b f 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 1:50 Rack A with 52 HU (2500*900*600) door door HV.0 1840.0 300.0 #12;chain 10 Layout of 2nd floorchain 4 chain 3 chain 2 chain 5 chain 6 chain 101:50 Rack

96

Challenges facing food engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Food engineering (FE) was identified as a promising field in the mid-20th century. In the succeeding years, demand for food engineers in industry has continued unabated, but the field, in an academic sense, has not quite lived up to its potential. Yet, the coming challenges of the 21st century offer many opportunities for persons with FE training. This article is based on a plenary session held during the Conference of Food Engineering 2012, in Leesburg, Virginia, USA, and consists of a compilation of opinions of the authors. In order to develop further, FE needs to shed its historical mindset, and embrace a broader vision of its scope to include product, internal human and industrial processes, equipment, package and sensor/automation engineering. Training in FE could be vital to helping address issues such as water availability and quality, health and wellness, food safety, energy and sustainability. A number of 21st century developments will drive this change, including world population growth and aging; the digital universe, “big data” and informatics; personalization, food, health and wellness; food security, environment, sustainability and social responsibility; and the innovation ecosystem (open innovation and partnerships). Food engineering education will also have to change to keep pace with the extraordinary expansion of knowledge, the availability of virtual tools, diminishing funding and laboratory resources, and the possibility of creating partnerships between industry and academia. Studying inner transport phenomena, utilization of new techniques, such as micro processing for modeling and simulation of the digestion system, bioavailability, satiety, DNA predisposition, and nutrigenomics offer unique opportunities. The case of FE in UK and Europe are addressed, where consortia involving different industries have been able to partner to focus on problems with a common scientific theme to leverage their efforts. Finally, the experience of one food company in hiring food engineers as well as chemical engineers is highlighted, together with their interview processes and criteria. While this represents a collection of the opinions of the individual authors, it is hoped that the discussion stimulates a more wide-ranging conversation about FE to enable it to develop further into the 21st century.

I. Sam Saguy; R. Paul Singh; Tim Johnson; Peter J. Fryer; Sudhir K. Sastry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Identifying of meat species using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Meat has been widely consumed as an important protein source in daily life of human. Furthermore, with busy and intense urban lifestyle, processed food is now one of the main protein sources of one’s diet. Consumers rely on the food labeling to decide if the meat product purchased is safe and reliable. Therefore, it is important to ensure the food labeling is done in a correct manner to avoid consumer fraud. More consumers are now concern about the food quality and safety as compared to before. This study described the meat species identification and detection method using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in 8 types of meats (cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, chicken, duck, pork and horse). The objective of this study is to decide on the specificity of oligonucleotide sequences obtained from previous study. There were 5 proposed oligonucleotide primer in this study. The main important finding in this work is the specificity of oligonucleotide primers to raw meats. It if found that the oligonucleotide primers proposed were not specific to the local raw meat species. Therefore, further study is needed to obtain a species-specific oligonucletide primers for PCR, in order to be applied in food product testing.

Foong, Chow Ming; Sani, Norrakiah Abdullah [School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

98

Carbon Emissions: Food Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Food Industry Food Industry Carbon Emissions in the Food Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 20) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 24.4 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 6.6% Total First Use of Energy: 1,193 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 5.5% Carbon Intensity: 20.44 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 24.4 Net Electricity 9.8 Natural Gas 9.1 Coal 4.2 All Other Sources 1.3 Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998

99

Analyzing Food Safety Cultures: A Means to Improve Food Safety in the Catering Sector .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Food safety is one of the most pertinent issues in the food service industry. Food borne illness and food poisoning can be lethal and can… (more)

Ghezzi, Sara

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Food Adulteration in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proper provision for its enfolrcement, passage of the Federal Food Law. The time seems propitious for the 4 and which will, in co-operation with the Federal law, rfd the State of all adulterated or illegal food. The present Texas law is a good one... itself until the past summer. 3 Samples were then collected in Houston, Bryan, Waco, Dallas, Ft. Worth, and Clebiurne These samples were examined for adulteration or illegal additions, and the results are presented in the following tables. Table I...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1906-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Quantum reservoirs with ion chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ion chains are promising platforms for studying and simulating quantum reservoirs. One interesting feature is that their vibrational modes can mediate entanglement between two objects which are coupled through the vibrational modes of the chain. In this work we analyse entanglement between the transverse vibrations of two heavy impurity defects embedded in an ion chain, which is generated by the coupling with the chain vibrations. We verify general scaling properties of the defects dynamics and demonstrate that entanglement between the defects can be a stationary feature of these dynamics. We then analyse entanglement in chains composed of tens of ions and propose a measurement scheme which allows one to verify the existence of the predicted entangled state.

B. G. Taketani; T. Fogarty; E. Kajari; Th. Busch; Giovanna Morigi

2014-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

102

Trends in Energy Intake among US Children by Eating Location and Food Source, 1977-2006  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Little is known about the influence of location of food consumption and preparation upon daily energy intake of children. Objective To examine trends in daily energy intake by children for foods eaten at home or away from home, by source of preparation, and for combined categories of eating location and food source. Subjects The analysis uses data from 29,217 children aged 2 to 18 years from the 1977-1978 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey, 1989-1991 and 1994-1998 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals, and 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Methods Nationally representative weighted percentages and means of daily energy intake by eating location were analyzed for trends from 1977 to 2006. Comparisons by food source were examined from 1994 to 2006. Analyses were repeated for three age groups: 2 to 6 years, 7 to 12 years, and 13 to 18 years. Difference testing was conducted using a t test. Results Increased energy intake (+179 kcal/day) by children from 1977-2006 was associated with a major increase in energy eaten away from home (+255 kcal/day). The percentage of daily energy eaten away from home increased from 23.4% to 33.9% from 1977-2006. No further increase was observed from 1994-2006, but the sources of energy shifted. The percentage of energy from fast food increased to surpass intake from schools and become the largest contributor to foods prepared away from home for all age groups. For foods eaten away from home, the percentage of daily energy from stores increased to become the largest source of energy eaten away from home. Fast food eaten at home and store-bought food eaten away from home increased significantly. Conclusions Eating location and food source significantly influence daily energy intake for children. Foods prepared away from home, including fast food eaten at home and store-prepared food eaten away from home, are fueling the increase in total energy intake. However, further research using alternative data sources is necessary to verify that store-bought foods eaten away from home are increasingly store-prepared.

Jennifer M. Poti; Barry M. Popkin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Food-Borne Trematodiases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...irrigation systems had been built in Egypt and Peru (70). The construction...29). To meet the projected demand and to maintain food security...who were treated with three daily 25-mg/kg doses of praziquantel...only four countries: Ecuador, Egypt, France, and Venezuela (50...

Jennifer Keiser; Jürg Utzinger

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Carbon Strategy for the Food Industry FAPC Food Process Engineer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service · Division of Agricultural Sciences issues for food processors: · Green house gas (GHG) · Carbon footprint · Life cycle assessment (LCA

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

105

Food consumption trends and drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...original work is properly cited. Food consumption trends and drivers John Kearney...Government policy. A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections...largely responsible for these observed consumption trends are the subject of this review...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Food Safety Assurance Systems: Food Safety and Ethics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this article, ethical issues related to food operations and food safety are discussed. The article starts out by raising the question: What is ethics? Concepts such as, the utilitarian approach, rights approach, fairness or justice approach, common good approach, and virtue approach are briefly explained as an introduction to the further discussion of ethical dilemmas in relation to food safety. Dilemmas related to specific food safety issues, as unpasteurized cheese production and genetically modified organisms among others, are used to illustrate the problems. The precautionary principle and problems related to ethical decision making for the food industry are also presented.

N. Veflen Olsen; Y Motarjemi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

The NASA Food Commercial Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The NASA Food Technology Commercial Space Center and How Your Company Can Participate space in a range of food development projects. For more information about NASA FTCSC or to arrange a presentation about the NASA FTCSC program, contact Dr. Anthony L. Pometto III Director NASA Food Technology

Lin, Zhiqun

108

FOOD FISH FACTS (Osmerus mordax)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

89 FOOD FISH FACTS Smelt (Osmerus mordax) Smelt have been a popular food fish on the North American in baskets . Among early Pacific slope Indians, fish were extremely important as food and used as one. Uses of Smelt Smelt have delicate , sweet flavor an d con - tain a pleasant oil that aids digestion. l

109

Safe Food in a Hurry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] Safe Food in a Hurry Mary K. Sweeten* Foodborne illness can lead to time away from the job for the employed homemaker besides causing family misery. You have to work to prevent food poisoning as you buy, store, cook and serve food. When you must...

Sweeten, Mary K.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Food Safety and Meat Microbiology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Safety and Meat Microbiology School July 17-19, 2012 Master Meat Crafter Program Department) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison Meat Science Laboratory are again hosting the Food Safety and Meat your food safety systems and the safety of your products. Topics will include microbiology, sanitation

Sheridan, Jennifer

111

Food Safety Policy December 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Safety Policy December 2011 #12;www.surrey.ac.uk2 Food Safety Policy Some Useful Telephone) Security Extension Number: 2002 or from external phones: (01483) 682002 Health and Safety Department the line to be put through to an operator. www.surrey.ac.uk 3 Food Safety Policy Contents Page 1

Doran, Simon J.

112

Internet-Enabled Supply ChainsInternet-Enabled Supply Chains Quan Z. Sheng, University of Adelaide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

89 Internet-Enabled Supply ChainsInternet-Enabled Supply Chains Quan Z. Sheng, University of the Internet-enabled Supply Chain 89 Key Supply Chain Processes and the Internet 89 Impacts of Internet-Enabled Supply Chains 92 Enabling Technologies for Internet-Enabled Supply Chain Management 92 Internet-based EDI

Sheng, Michael

113

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation promotes long chain fatty...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

membrane oxygenation promotes long chain fatty acid oxidation in the immature swine heart in vivo. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation promotes long chain fatty acid oxidation...

114

Total supply chain cost model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sourcing and outsourcing decisions have taken on increased importance within Teradyne to improve efficiency and competitiveness. This project delivered a conceptual framework and a software tool to analyze supply chain ...

Wu, Claudia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Montana State University 1 Sustainable Food &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, bioenergy production, marketing, distribution, and local food systems. Sustainable Food Systems OptionMontana State University 1 Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems This program is a unique, processing, distribution, and utilization of food and bioenergy. The degree focuses on ecologically sound

Maxwell, Bruce D.

116

Fast Ignitor coupling physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fast Ignitor is an alternate approach to ICF in which short pulse lasers are used to initiate burn at the surface of the compressed DT fuel. The aim is to avoid the need for careful central focusing of final shocks, and possibly to lower substantially the energy requirements for ignition. Ultimately, both goals may prove crucial to Science Based Stockpile Stewardship (SBSS). This will be the case should either emerging energetic needs, or finding difficulties render the presently planned radiative fusion approach to ignition with the NIF impractical. Ignition is a first step towards the achievement of substantial energy and neutron outputs for such Stewardship.

Mason, R.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Tabak, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Fast SCR Thyratron Driver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of an improvement project on the linear accelerator at SLAC, it was necessary to replace the original thyratron trigger generator, which consisted of two chassis, two vacuum tubes, and a small thyratron. All solid-state, fast rise, and high voltage thyratron drivers, therefore, have been developed and built for the 244 klystron modulators. The rack mounted, single chassis driver employs a unique way to control and generate pulses through the use of an asymmetric SCR, a PFN, a fast pulse transformer, and a saturable reactor. The resulting output pulse is 2 kV peak into 50 {Omega} load with pulse duration of 1.5 {mu}s FWHM at 180 Hz. The pulse risetime is less than 40 ns with less than 1 ns jitter. Various techniques are used to protect the SCR from being damaged by high voltage and current transients due to thyratron breakdowns. The end-of-line clipper (EOLC) detection circuit is also integrated into this chassis to interrupt the modulator triggering in the event a high percentage of line reflections occurred.

Nguyen, M.N.; /SLAC

2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

118

Toward a Life Cycle-Based, Diet-level Framework for Food Environmental Impact and Nutritional Quality Assessment: A Critical Review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life cycle assessment (LCA) has been used effectively to evaluate the environmental impacts of food production value chains and to identify opportunities for targeted improvement strategies. ... Additional research needs include development of regionally specific life cycle inventory databases for food and agriculture and expansion of the scope of assessments beyond the current focus on greenhouse gas emissions. ...

Martin C. Heller; Gregory A. Keoleian; Walter C. Willett

2013-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

119

Relationship Marketing Moderating Effect on Value Chain of Horticulture Produce: An Intermediaries’ Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Transformation of Malaysia horticulture industry had detected transition from supply chain to value chain perspective as well as emerging of new type of intermediaries called the packers. However no major changes of marketing activity at farm level and stringent quality requirements at entry level impose by hypermarket, small scale production, coupled with the lack of integration across the value chain and limited compliance to global food safety are highlighted as the challenges in this industry. Intermediation might contribute to the chain deficiency process and actors. Nevertheless, relationship marketing approach had emphasized people as the main dimension on marketing research which may reveal the intangible aspect of the challenges. Therefore this paper proposed the conceptual framework to investigate the moderating effect of relationship marketing towards intermediaries’ roles and functions that contribute to smallholder business performance as well as the firm performance.

Shahiida bt Musa; Bonaventure Boniface; Geoffrey Tanakinjal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Sustainable Supply Chain | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sustainable Supply Chain Sustainable Supply Chain Sustainable Supply Chains Submissions Let's Talk About Sustainable Supply Chain Welcome to the Sustainable Supply Chain Community of Practice Bringing together government, industry, associations, non-profits and academic institutions to achieve more sustainable supply chains. Sustainable Supply Chain - New Updates New Updates View More Be a Champion Be a champion The Sustainable Supply Chain Community of Practice seeks champions from industry, academia and non-profits to lead each of the community market sectors. Do you know or are you a member of a leading edge organization that is implementing sustainable supply chain practices within one of the seven current community market sectors? If yes, nominate the organization as a Champion. Sustainable supply chain practices lead to cost savings,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Theory of Fast Electron Transport for Fast Ignition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast Ignition Inertial Confinement Fusion is a variant of inertial fusion in which DT fuel is first compressed to high density and then ignited by a relativistic electron beam generated by a fast (laser pulse, which is usually brought in to the dense plasma via the inclusion of a re-entrant cone. The transport of this beam from the cone apex into the dense fuel is a critical part of this scheme, as it can strongly influence the overall energetics. Here we review progress in the theory and numerical simulation of fast electron transport in the context of Fast Ignition. Important aspects of the basic plasma physics, descriptions of the numerical methods used, a review of ignition-scale simulations, and a survey of schemes for controlling the propagation of fast electrons are included. Considerable progress has taken place in this area, but the development of a robust, high-gain FI `point design' is still an ongoing challenge.

Robinson, A P L; Davies, J R; Gremillet, L; Honrubia, J J; Johzaki, T; Kingham, R J; Sherlock, M; Solodov, A A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Iodine content of food groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The iodine content of several kinds of foods representing different product groups available on the Swiss market was analyzed by isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using the enriched long-lived nuclide 129I. Considerable variations in levels of iodine between single foodstuffs within food groups were found, which also applied for levels in different food groups. The contribution of the food groups to the average daily iodine intake for the Swiss population was estimated from recent food consumption data. Bread and milk were identified as significant sources of iodine in the Swiss diet as they contributed 58 and 29 ?g/day, respectively. The estimated contribution of all basic food groups to the per capita intake of iodine was approximately 140 ?g/day, which was somewhat below the amount recognized for adequate nutrition (150 ?g/day). In view of the additional consumption of iodized kitchen salt, an average of 140 ?g/day underestimates the actual iodine intake.

M. Haldimann; A. Alt; A. Blanc; K. Blondeau

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Differential evolution Markov chain with snooker updater and fewer chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differential Evolution Markov Chain (DE-MC) is an adaptive MCMC algorithm, in which multiple chains are run in parallel. Standard DE-MC requires at least N=2d chains to be run in parallel, where d is the dimensionality of the posterior. This paper extends DE-MC with a snooker updater and shows by simulation and real examples that DE-MC can work for d up to 50--100 with fewer parallel chains (e.g. N=3) by exploiting information from their past by generating jumps from differences of pairs of past states. This approach extends the practical applicability of DE-MC and is shown to be about 5--26 times more efficient than the optimal Normal random walk Metropolis sampler for the 97.5% point of a variable from a 25--50 dimensional Student T{sub 3} distribution. In a nonlinear mixed effects model example the approach outperformed a block-updater geared to the specific features of the model.

Vrugt, Jasper A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ter Braak, Cajo J F [NON LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

125

Action Plan Food Science and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AgroquĂ­mica y Tecnolo- gĂ­a de Alimentos (Institute of Agrochemicals and Food Technology) in Valencia. During

Fitze, Patrick

126

Fast Ignition Program Presented at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser drive Direct Laser drive #12;Fast Ignition may allow longer wavelength laser implosion systemsFast Ignition Program Presented at FESAC Development Path Panel General Atomics January 14, 2003 E. Michael Campbell ·Promise ·Status ·Challenges ·Implementation ·Plan #12;The original FI concept uses laser

127

Food, Nutrition and Health 300 Food Process Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conduction, convection, radiation and latent heat. 3. Technology of thermal processing of foods. 4. Evaluation of thermal properties of food and packaging materials. 4. Calculation of sterilization, pasteurization and low temperature preservation. . Prerequisite PHYS 101 or 121. [3-0-1]. The overall objectives

Farrell, Anthony P.

128

Food and Feed Safety and Quality "Food&Feed"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on human health · Feed preservation and impact on the hygienic quality, both microbial and chemical of chemicals, especially endocrine disruptors · Veterinary drugs in food producing animals, residues in foodD work, by offering · a scientific platform ­ training in scientific presentations and discussions

129

CONCEPTUALIZING “HYBRID” FOOD NETWORKS: ENGAGING CONVENTIONAL FOOD SYSTEM INFRASTRUCTURE TO BUILD LOCAL FOOD SYSTEMS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Many alternative food movements have been built around the mantra of “cutting out the middleman.” Direct relationships between producers and consumers counter the faceless anonymity… (more)

Bloom, J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

FOOD SECURITY: WAYS FORWARD THROUGH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOOD SECURITY: WAYS FORWARD THROUGH COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING1 "Given the chance, poor. The Sustainable Community Connections project, coordinated by AWISH-HELLAS, seeks to address food security issues) olive oil-related products, with targeting of markets in the European Union (EU) and United States (US

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

131

Purdue extension Food Entrepreneurship Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pesticides and fertilizers, including sewage sludge, and with- out adding synthetic ingredients. Foods cannot agent in the state of Indiana. Certifica- tion applications for farmers, livestock producers, and food agricultural products do not need to be certified. However, land The sample cereal boxes above illustrate

132

Food Newsletter Summary November 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Newsletter Summary November 2013 Scottish Government Scotch Beef back on the US menu Seal Bennett. LiveWell for Life Paving the way for sustainable consumption Between July and October of food consumption be in 2050? ­ a discussion paper about what we eat in the future In September 2013

Siddharthan, Advaith

133

Are the World Food Programme’s food consumption groups a good proxy for energy deficiency?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Food Consumption Score (FCS) is the World Food Programme’s main food access indicator, ... as having poor, borderline or acceptable food consumption. The ability of the FCS and its thresholds to classify hous...

Margarita Lovon; Astrid Mathiassen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

THE MATERIALS OF FAST BREEDER REACTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) concern the behavior ofmetal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR). Despite the simplicityinduced by irradiation. LMFBR funding is the largest single

Olander, Donald R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Fast Pulsing Neutron Generators for Security Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAST PULSING NEUTRON GENERATORS FOR SECURITY APPLICATION* Q.time/fast pulsing neutron generator is needed primarily forA compact neutron generator, currently being developed in

Ji, Q.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Cationic triple-chain amphiphiles facilitate vesicle fusion compared to double-chain or single-chain analogues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-chain analogues. Two types of vesicle fusion experiments were conducted, mixing of oppositely charged vesicles-determining step for certain cell types is endosomal escape, which can occur either by a fusion or disruptionCationic triple-chain amphiphiles facilitate vesicle fusion compared to double-chain or single

Smith, Bradley D.

137

University of Oklahoma Food Services Policy on Food I. Purpose of policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Oklahoma Food Services Policy on Food Allergies I. Purpose of policy The purpose offered to students with food allergies through the Department of Housing and Food Services.1 II. To Whom Services; and (2) Food Service employees. III. Policy Definitions Food Allergens ­ Substances that can

Oklahoma, University of

138

Potential Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants 1...RESEARCH VOL.35 Food Additives and Contaminants argument...substance that caused removal of the cranberries...consideration was given to the removal of Tween 60 as a food additive. The compound has...

Philippe Shubik

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Supply Chain Management Faculty Brian Fugate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relationships, strategy and sustainability in the supply chain, and she won the College of Business Excellence involvement in new product development, and sustainability practices in supply chain management. He has

140

An integrative framework for architecting supply chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the limitations of classic models of supply chain management, and proposes a new view based on the concept of value-driven supply chains, and a method of analysis and design based on the concepts of ...

Cela Díaz, Fernando

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Portfolio for fast reactor collaboration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of the LMFBR type reactor in the United Kingdom is reviewed. Design characteristics of a commercial demonstration fast reactor are presented and compared with the Super Phenix reactor.

Rippon, S.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Interfacial effects in fast reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of increased resonance capture rates near zone interfaces in fast reactor media has been examined both theoretically and experimentally. An interface traversing assembly was designed, constructed and employed ...

Saidi, Mohammad Said

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

SPP Success Story AvistaFoodLion 2-27-06  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Avista Advantage Food Lion, LLC Avista Advantage Food Lion, LLC 1313 North Atlantic, 5 th Floor, Spokane, WA 99201 2110 Executive Drive, Salisbury, NC 28147 Business: Provider of Facility IQ TM Services Business: Grocery chain Ed Schlect, Founder & VP - Consulting Services Gina Rye, Energy Engineer Phone: 509-329-7602 / Fax: 509-329-7230 Phone: 704-633-8250 / Fax: 704-636-4940 Email: eschlect@avistaadvantage.com Email: glrye@foodlion.com Automated ENERGY STAR benchmarking, provided by Avista Advantage, allows Food Lion to manage and save energy - 25% over five years! Project Scope Food Lion, with Avista's help, has benchmarked more than 42 million square feet within 1,200 facilities and produces monthly updates of the energy performance rating for all of those facilities.

144

The Offshore Services Global Value Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Offshore Services Global Value Chain ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Karina & COMPETITIVENESS #12;The Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development "Skills & Competitiveness, Duke University Posted: November 17, 2011 #12;The Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Economic

Richardson, David

145

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive...

146

A Primer on Food Additives.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of their workers. The readers' loud reactions became a pow erful, moving force that helped persuade Con gress to pass the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906 as well as the Meat Inspection Act of the same year. The First Food Revolution Before the Civil War.... Factory conditions began to improve. Now that there was a law, complete with inspections and penalties for convicted transgressors, the food additive situation began to change, as did attitudes toward sanitation. The 1906 law de fined as adulterated...

Anonymous,

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

POTLUCK FOOD SAFETY 1. Definition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an oven or microwave. If an oven or microwave is not available, the dish should be placed in an insulated chaffing dishes, ice pans, holding cabinets or ice chests. The food coordinator should monitor

148

SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors Maribel Alvarez Diane Austin Mamadou Baro Tim. Potential Helpful Minors Environmental Studies Environmental Sciences Nutritional Science Sustainable Built Environments Sustainable Plant Systems Potential Employers Documentary Films Government Jobs

Holliday, Vance T.

149

Trees, soils, and food security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1996). Such progress could improve household welfare by providing traditional food...Gelder, A. 1995 Development research and energy planning in Kenya. Ambio 14, 228236...mposium Series 1, pp. 108119. Tsukuba, Japan: JIRCAS. Sanchez P. A., Izac, A...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Food security and sustainable intensification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...should be produced using sustainable intensification (SI...nutrition. food security|sustainable intensification|biodiversity...diets are deficient in energy, about the same number suffer the diseases of energy surplus, whereas...more environmentally sustainable methods of farming...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Emergency Food and Water Supplies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E-11 5-99 Emergency Food and Water Supplies Peggy Van Laanen* Cleaning and Sanitizing Equipment After Any Disaster Emergency Food Preparation Equipment Needs Assembling an Emergency... sealed, airtight metal lids, are safe to use after being thoroughly cleaned and sanitized. All cans, free of rust or dents, must be washed and sanitized before they are opened. Wash containers in a detergent solution using a scrub brush. Rinse...

Van Laanen, Peggy

1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

152

An internship in food services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(see Appendix A). The Director of Food Services, Mr. Lloyd Smith, makes most decisions, particularly those dealing with expansion and administrative staffing. Anything new or innovative goes across the Director's desk for approval. Because... experience. The skills learned are skills that are transferrable to many industries. Anyone interested in the hospitality industry or sales would definitely benefit from an internship in the Department of Food Services at Texas A&M University. ANALYSIS...

Smith, Bradley J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Single chain elasticity and thermoelasticity of polyethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single-chain elasticity of polyethylene at $\\theta$ point up to 90% of stretching with respect to its contour length is computed by Monte-Carlo simulation of an atomistic model in continuous space. The elasticity law together with the free-energy and the internal energy variations with stretching are found to be very well represented by the wormlike chain model up to 65% of the chain elongation, provided the persistence length is treated as a temperature dependent parameter. Beyond this value of elongation simple ideal chain models are not able to describe the Monte Carlo data in a thermodynamic consistent way. This study reinforces the use of the wormlike chain model to interpret experimental data on the elasticity of synthetic polymers in the finite extensibility regime, provided the chain is not yet in its fully stretched regime. Specific solvent effects on the elasticity law and the partition between energetic and entropic contributions to single chain elasticity are investigated.

John T. Titantah; Carlo Pierleoni; Jean-Paul Ryckaert

2002-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

154

Assessment of Potential for Ion Driven Fast Ignition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mm radius ion beams Fast Ignition (laser or fast ion pulse)deg half cone angle Fast Ignition (laser or fast ion pulse)ion beam pulses for fast ignition, laser generated ion beams

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Fast acting inlet guide vanes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fast acting inlet guide vane (IGV) system was developed for the model Siemens V94.2 gas turbine (GT). This system enables the GT to perform larger and faster load changes in the case of electrical grid disturbances. Disturbances in electrical grids are caused by an unbalance between actual power generation and power consumption resulting in grid frequency deviations. In order to reduce such deviations, it is desirable for a GT (connected to the grid), to increase/reduce load as fast as required. This task is achieved by the fast responding IGV system: Basically, the occurring grid frequency deviation is monitored by the IGV system. Depending on this deviation, the compressor air mass flow is adapted to the changing fuel mass flow (which is set approximately proportional to the frequency deviation by the GT controller). The fast IGV actuator plays a main role in this dynamic response, allowing the vanes to open/close very fast. Tests performed on Poolbeg site (Ireland) proved safe and rapid load changes with a typical load ramp of 50 MW within 3 sec.

Minne, M.; Kull, R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic side chain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1. Interactions between oppositely charged amino acid side- chains in the interaction interface... chain- main chain, main chain- sidechain and sidechain-side- chain. Only...

157

Rapid manufacturing: impact on supply chain methodologies and practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates the use of Rapid Manufacturing (RM) as the enabling technology for flexible manufacturing in a number of industrial sectors. This paper discusses the evolution of Rapid Prototyping (RP) to RM and the current issues that require further research for the successful integration of this technology within manufacturing companies. The use of RM will have particular impact on supply chain management paradigms such as lean and agile and has particular strategic fit with mass customisation. The effect of RM will have on these paradigms is discussed and confirmed with example cases from automotive production, motor sport and medical devices industries. In conclusion, RM has already been shown in the three cases to offer benefits, particularly where fast reconfiguration of the manufacturing process is required and with the production of customised components.

Christopher Tuck; Richard Hague; Neil Burns

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Income distribution trends and future food demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...available for food consumption. While there is...between food and energy markets via biofuels...century studied food consumption of the Belgian working...in the market or home-produced. Two...over time. Food consumption can be disaggregated...is poor. Their average income is Y, while...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Revised version Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49, 2493-2496, 2001. DOI: 10.1021/jf0014011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollutants occurring widely in the terrestrial environment. To study the transfer of PAHs in the food chain]benzo[a]pyrene. The analysis of blood radioactivity showed that both PAHs were absorbed with a maximum concentration at 5-6 h after milk ingestion, similarly to fat metabolism. The blood radioactivity then decreased to reach

Boyer, Edmond

160

Public Health, Food Studies And Nutrition Department Of Public Health, Food Studies And Nutrition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

therapy, practice of dietetics, community nutrition, food science, and food service systems. All studentsPublic Health, Food Studies And Nutrition Department Of Public Health, Food Studies And Nutrition Kay Stearns Bruening, Chair, 315-443-2386 426 Ostrom Ave. The Department of Public Health, Food

Mather, Patrick T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Food Services | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Food Services Food Services Food Services The Department offers many food services for employees within the Headquarters' buildings. Forrestal Forrestal Cafeteria (2nd floor, West Building). See the Cafeteria web page for further information. Hours: Monday-Friday 6:45 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Breakfast hours are from 6:45 a.m. until 10:00 a.m., lunch from 11:00 a.m. until 2:00 p.m., and a "Happy Hour" is featured from 2:00-2:30 p.m. offering 30% off all hot and cold buffet items. Other Places to Eat, Forrestal Food services available inside the Forrestal building (DOE Powerpedia) Places to eat near the Forrestal building (DOE Powerpedia) Germantown Germantown Cafeteria - See the Cafeteria web page for further information. Hours: Monday-Friday 6:45 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Breakfast hours are from 7:00 a.m. until 10:00 a.m., lunch from 11:00 a.m.

162

Manufacturing supply chain applications 2: parameterization of fast and accurate simulations for complex supply networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

More efficient and effective control of supply networks is conservatively worth billions of dollars to the world economy. Adopting an approach by which the basic disciplines of Industrial Engineering, Control Engineering, System Simulation and Business ...

Brett Marc Duarte; John W. Fowler; Kraig Knutson; Esma Gel; Dan Shunk

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Enhanced Model for Fast Ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser Fusion is a prime candidate for alternate energy production, capable of serving a major portion of the nationâ??s energy needs, once fusion fuel can be readily ignited. Fast Ignition may well speed achievement of this goal, by reducing net demands on laser pulse energy and timing precision. However, Fast Ignition has presented a major challenge to modeling. This project has enhanced the computer code ePLAS for the simulation of the many specialized phenomena, which arise with Fast Ignition. The improved code has helped researchers to understand better the consequences of laser absorption, energy transport, and laser target hydrodynamics. ePLAS uses efficient implicit methods to acquire solutions for the electromagnetic fields that govern the accelerations of electrons and ions in targets. In many cases, the code implements fluid modeling for these components. These combined features, â??implicitness and fluid modeling,â? can greatly facilitate calculations, permitting the rapid scoping and evaluation of experiments. ePLAS can be used on PCs, Macs and Linux machines, providing researchers and students with rapid results. This project has improved the treatment of electromagnetics, hydrodynamics, and atomic physics in the code. It has simplified output graphics, and provided new input that avoids the need for source code access by users. The improved code can now aid university, business and national laboratory users in pursuit of an early path to success with Fast Ignition.

Dr. Rodney J. Mason

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

164

Spontaneous symmetry breaking and the chain criterion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the first time I have rigorously proved the equivalence between the necessary symmetry condition of the original Landau theory of second-order phase transitions, the chain criterion, and some recent propositions. I have introduced the new chain criterion which contains a powerful corollary. I have also established the validity of the chain criterion beyond the Landau theory, emphasizing its use as an algorithm for calculation of little groups.

Marko V. Jari?

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Linear chain tensioning of moored production vessels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Part 1 of this two-part series discussed the worldwide floating production vessel (FPV) market and evolution of the linear puller concept. The three principal types of chain jack systems - hollow ram, single and twin cylinders - were introduced. And advantages of this relatively new form of passive mooring were outlined. This concluding article covers applications of linear chain pullers on various vessels, including use on an example 35,000-t North Sea semi-submersible. Chain wear and how linear pullers avoid wear associated with windlass-type systems are discussed, along with the optimization possible through use of a swiveling chain fair-lead latch (SCFL).

Peters, B. (Bardex Corp., London (United Kingdom))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Better Plants Supply Chain Pilot Overview  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

be helping their suppliers achieve energy and cost savings, while simultaneously reducing carbon emissions. This can lead to stronger, more competitive supply chains and help...

167

Optimizing a Retailer's Containerized Import Supply Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M.G. , 2005. Distribution network design: New problems andapproach for distribution chain design in agile virtualinto a strategic distribution network design model with

Davidson, Evan Taitz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Selenium Partitioning and Food-Chain Transfer at the Salton Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wetlands in the Imperial Valley (California). ” Ecologicalfreshwater lakes in the Imperial Valley. These lakes, FinneyTwo freshwater lakes in Imperial Valley were studied to gain

Tobin, Jennifer Marie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Transfer of selenium from prey to predators in a simulated terrestrial food chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecotoxicology and Physiological Ecology Program, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Drawer E, Aiken, SC 29801, USA b Department of Zoology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078 of controls. Female gonad concentrations approached the highest of thresholds for reproductive toxicity

Hopkins, William A.

170

from Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC NEWS SRS Employees Donate Food to Golden Harvest Food Bank  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Employees Donate Food to Golden Harvest Food Bank Employees Donate Food to Golden Harvest Food Bank AIKEN, S.C. - (June 7, 2012) Today, the Savannah River Site (SRS) donated $22,000 and 18,000 pounds of food during its annual food drive for the Golden Harvest Food Bank. Several SRS organizations participated in this food drive-Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Savannah River Remediation, U.S. Forest Service-Savannah River, URS and WSI- Savannah River. The SRS food drive is one of Golden Harvest Food Bank's largest, local fund-raisers. According to Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC President and CEO Dwayne Wilson, the Site's past food drives have collec- tively yielded over 262,475 pounds of food for Golden Harvest. "We're pleased to support Golden Harvest in their highly effective efforts as they strive

171

Geography of urban food access : exploring potential causes of food deserts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We believe we understand food deserts, but we do not. In the last decade the phenomenon of food deserts has been often discussed, and many solutions are proposed to alleviate food access issues in American cities. However, ...

Cameron, Caitlin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Peak Oil Food Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Network Network Jump to: navigation, search Name Peak Oil Food Network Place Crested Butte, Colorado Zip 81224 Website http://www.PeakOilFoodNetwork. References Peak Oil Food Network[1] LinkedIn Connections This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Peak Oil Food Network is a networking organization located in Crested Butte, Colorado, and is open to the general public that seeks to promote the creation of solutions to the challenge of food production impacted by the peak phase of global oil production. Private citizens are encouraged to join and contribute by adding comments, writing blog posts or adding to discussions about food and oil related topics. Peak Oil Food Network can be followed on Twitter at: http://www.Twitter.com/PeakOilFoodNtwk Peak Oil Food Network on Twitter

173

Supply Chain The effective supply chain has become a new organizational and operational  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MBA in Supply Chain Management #12;The effective supply chain has become a new organizational a virtual integration of business partners to achieve new levels of efficiency and productivity, as well

Lin, Xiaodong

174

World Food Crisis: Imperfect Markets Starving Development, A Decomposition of Recent Food Price Increases.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The recent decade has experienced two rather substantial food price spikes. This thesis sets out to provide an in-depth look at the recent food price… (more)

Costello, Christine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Fast scanning two-photon microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast scanning two-photon microscopy coupled with the use light activated ion channels provides the basis for fast imaging and stimulation in the characterization of in vivo neural networks. A two-photon microscope capable ...

Chang, Jeremy T

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Clean technology in food processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...agriculture. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) provides one way of taking an integrated...across the total supply chain. The stages in LCA include drawing the system boundary, inventory...agricultural industries. Nevertheless, LCA does provide a way forward to develop a...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Introduction The Sustainable Supply Chain Taxes Permits Integration Future Research Sustainable Supply Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction The Sustainable Supply Chain Taxes Permits Integration Future Research Sustainable;Introduction The Sustainable Supply Chain Taxes Permits Integration Future Research 1 Introduction 2 The Sustainable Supply Chain 3 Taxes 4 Permits 5 Integration 6 Future Research Dissertation Defense by Trisha D

Nagurney, Anna

178

Genetic Engineered Food and Safety  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Genetic Engineered Food and Safety Genetic Engineered Food and Safety Name: Christopher Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Is genetically engineered food safe to eat? Replies: Well, I hope so, since I and you and all of us have been eating it for centuries. All common foodstuffs have been seriously engineered since they were discovered. The modern tomato plant, apple tree, wheat stalk, and corn plant bear only a general resemblance to their ancestors, as farmers have engineered them to increase their yield, shelf life, resistance to disease, etc. It is, however, true that up until recently changes to the genetic code of foodstuffs could only be made via natural mutation (which occurs via naturally-occuring ionizing radiation and mutagenic chemicals), and the food engineer's job was limited to selecting those changes he wanted to preserve, and those he wanted to weed out. Now you can induce mutations directly, with intention and forethought, and avoid much of the waiting around for natural mutation that was heretofore necessary in plant breeding.

179

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity Energy and Scale Issues in Implementation Kristina and biodiversity ­ energy and scale issues in implementation Abstract The aim of this thesis was to test the hypotheses that (1) biodiversity at a farm level differs between small and large farms, and (2

180

COMMERCIAL SERVICES SUSTAINABLE FOOD POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMMERCIAL SERVICES SUSTAINABLE FOOD POLICY February 2013 Commercial Services (CS) provides a range high standards of sustainability across all its activities. This policy supports CS aim to become a `Sustainable, Efficient and Effective Organisation' that "....will carefully consider the impact of our

Haase, Markus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

FOOD REFORM MOVEMENTS Nicolas Larchet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOOD REFORM MOVEMENTS Nicolas Larchet Social historians have broadly defined two cycles of American history characterized by an efflorescence of social movements aiming to reform both the individual to the 1920s. The reform impulse thrived wherever there was a perceived vice, abuse or corruption

Boyer, Edmond

182

Food research 'lost in translation'  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... dearth of investment in agricultural and plant science, and virtually no links between public and private sectors, are key drivers of the shortage of affordable food in Africa, a meeting ... shocked" at how little dialogue existed between public agricultural research centres in Africa and the private sector. ...

Natasha Gilbert

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

183

INFORMATION--ARTS & CRAFTS --FOOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INFORMATION--ARTS & CRAFTS --FOOD Listed in alphabetical order Ballroom and Kurtzman Room "Al Servicio de la Comunidad" (Latino Catholic Community): Information on community events and volunteer. All proceeds benefit the women of Arte Papel. Brazil Nuts: Student organization at Pitt. Information

Machery, Edouard

184

Cook food to proper temperature.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and after handling or eating food; nafter playing with pets or visiting a zoo; nafter coughing, sneezing out of their mouths when they cough or sneeze. · Have the children touch something (table or chair. · Explain that if you wash your hands after coughing or sneezing in them, the germs will be washed away

Liskiewicz, Maciej

185

Food security and sustainable intensification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mitigate greenhouse gas emissions while simultaneously...effects on reducing fertility...in their energy and resource...projecting future energy prices is...pollution, by reducing soil and...to reduce greenhouse gas emissions Action to...opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the food...Livestock-related greenhouse...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Fast neutron imaging device and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast neutron imaging apparatus and method of constructing fast neutron radiography images, the apparatus including a neutron source and a detector that provides event-by-event acquisition of position and energy deposition, and optionally timing and pulse shape for each individual neutron event detected by the detector. The method for constructing fast neutron radiography images utilizes the apparatus of the invention.

Popov, Vladimir; Degtiarenko, Pavel; Musatov, Igor V.

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

187

Fashion Supply Chain Network Competition Ecolabelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, energy, as well as chemicals. For example, it is estimated that cotton uses only 3% of the worldFashion Supply Chain Network Competition with Ecolabelling Anna Nagurney1,2 , Min Yu3 , and Jonas April 2014; revised June 2014 To appear in Sustainable Fashion Supply Chain Management: From Sourcing

Nagurney, Anna

188

Supply Chain Networks: Challenges and Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Management University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 Department of Management, and consumers at the demand markets. Today, supply chains may span thousands of miles across the globe, involve as the stability and resiliency of supply chains, as well as their adaptability and responsiveness to events

Nagurney, Anna

189

Supply Chain Networks: Challenges and Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Management University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 Boston INFORMS Chapter and suppliers, distributors, retailers, and consumers at the demand markets. Today, supply chains may span chains, as well as their adaptability and responsiveness to events in a global environment of increasing

Nagurney, Anna

190

Supply Chain Networks: Challenges and Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Management University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 International Conference of manufacturers and suppliers, distributors, retailers, and consumers at the demand markets. Today, supply chains chains, as well as their adaptability and responsiveness to events in a global environment of increasing

Nagurney, Anna

191

Supply Chains and Transportation Networks Anna Nagurney  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management Isenberg School of Management University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 December, and consumers at the demand markets. Supply chains are the backbones of our globalized Network Economy of cooperation. For example, in a vertically integrated supply chain the same firm may be responsible

Nagurney, Anna

192

Free Energy of the Antiferromagnetic Linear Chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rigorous upper and lower bounds for the free energy of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg linear chain are obtained from general convexity properties of the free energy. The lower bound is here derived; the upper bound has been obtained previously by Bulaevskii. Both are compared with the calculations of Bonner and Fisher for finite chains.

Robert B. Griffiths

1964-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

193

Internal Markets for Supply Chain Capacity Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal Markets for Supply Chain Capacity Allocation David McAdams and Thomas W. Malone Sloan David McAdams & Thomas Malone #12;Internal Markets for Supply Chain Capacity Allocation David Mc ("internal markets") to help allocate manufacturing capacity and determine the prices, delivery dates

194

Double Counting in Supply Chain Carbon Footprinting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon footprinting is a tool for firms to determine the total greenhouse gas GHG emissions associated with their supply chain or with a unit of final product or service. Carbon footprinting typically aims to identify where best to invest in emission ... Keywords: carbon footprint, emissions allocation, supply chain, sustainable operations

Felipe Caro; Charles J. Corbett; Tarkan Tan; Rob Zuidwijk

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Fast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experimenta...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experimenta... A; published online 23 April 2004 Ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in a spherical torus Y.-K. M profile, which promotes greater off-axis absorption where the fast ion population is small. Ion loss codes

Egedal, Jan

196

Fast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experiment a...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experiment a; published online 23 April 2004# Ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in a spherical torus #Y.­K. M, likely due to a larger # profile, which promotes greater off­axis absorption where the fast ion

Egedal, Jan

197

Magnetic moments of long isotopic chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dipole magnetic moments of several long isotopic chains are analyzed within the self-consistent Finite Fermi System theory based on the Generalized Energy Density Functional method with exact account for the pairing and quasi-particle continuum. New data for nuclei far from the beta-stability valley are included in the analysis. For a number of semi-magic isotopes of the tin and lead chains a good description of the data is obtained, with accuracy of 0.1 - 0.2 mu_N. A chain of non-magic isotopes of copper is also analyzed in detail. It is found that the systematic analysis of magnetic moments of this long chain yields rich information on the evolution of the nuclear structure of the Cu isotopes. In particular, it may give a signal of deformation for the ground state of some nuclei in the chain.

I. N. Borzov; E. E. Saperstein; S. V. Tolokonnikov; G. Neyens; N. Severijns

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

198

AVTA: Bidirectional Fast Charging Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report is an analysis of bi-directional fast charging, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

199

California Department of Food and Agriculture | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Food and Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Logo: California Department of Food and Agriculture Name: California Department of Food and Agriculture Abbreviation: CDFA Address:...

200

Oktoberfest Set for Wednesday, Oct. 29. Volunteers Needed. Food...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

success. More than a dozen volunteer positions still need to be filled -ranging from food service (replenishing food on food lines to assisting with children's games and field...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Diagnostics for Fast Ignition Science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept for Electron Fast Ignition Inertial Confinement Fusion demands sufficient laser energy be transferred from the ignitor pulse to the assembled fuel core via {approx}MeV electrons. We have assembled a suite of diagnostics to characterize such transfer. Recent experiments have simultaneously fielded absolutely calibrated extreme ultraviolet multilayer imagers at 68 and 256eV; spherically bent crystal imagers at 4 and 8keV; multi-keV crystal spectrometers; MeV x-ray bremmstrahlung and electron and proton spectrometers (along the same line of sight); nuclear activation samples and a picosecond optical probe based interferometer. These diagnostics allow careful measurement of energy transport and deposition during and following laser-plasma interactions at extremely high intensities in both planar and conical targets. Augmented with accurate on-shot laser focal spot and pre-pulse characterization, these measurements are yielding new insight into energy coupling and are providing critical data for validating numerical PIC and hybrid PIC simulation codes in an area that is crucial for many applications, particularly fast ignition. Novel aspects of these diagnostics and how they are combined to extract quantitative data on ultra high intensity laser plasma interactions are discussed, together with implications for full-scale fast ignition experiments.

MacPhee, A; Akli, K; Beg, F; Chen, C; Chen, H; Clarke, R; Hey, D; Freeman, R; Kemp, A; Key, M; King, J; LePape, S; Link, A; Ma, T; Nakamura, N; Offermann, D; Ovchinnikov, V; Patel, P; Phillips, T; Stephens, R; Town, R; Wei, M; VanWoerkom, L; Mackinnon, A

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

202

Energy Savings in Food Processing Dehumidification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food processors have the unique responsibility of maintaining environmental, process and sanitation standards for government and consumers. Usually the food plant is a large facility with many sources of contamination, all of which must...

Turney, R. L.; Young, F. J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Electron Beam--21st Century Food Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This publication explains electron beam irradiation technology to consumers, industry professionals and government officials. Electron beam irradiation is a method of treating food and other products for pathogens that might jeopardize food safety....

Vestal, Andy

2003-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

204

Food From The onn Dining Service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Raw Fr esh Food From The Earth U C onn Dining Service s Available at: Bookworms Cafe & Wilbur's Cafe RAW FRESH FOOD FROM THE EARTH AVOCADO CHOCOLATE PUDDING Raw, Imported Cocoa Powder, Avocado, Maple

Alpay, S. Pamir

205

Fast algorithm for relaxation processes in big-data systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relaxation processes driven by a Laplacian matrix can be found in many real-world big-data systems, for example, in search engines on the World Wide Web and the dynamic load-balancing protocols in mesh networks. To numerically implement such processes, a fast-running algorithm for the calculation of the pseudoinverse of the Laplacian matrix is essential. Here we propose an algorithm which computes quickly and efficiently the pseudoinverse of Markov chain generator matrices satisfying the detailed-balance condition, a general class of matrices including the Laplacian. The algorithm utilizes the renormalization of the Gaussian integral. In addition to its applicability to a wide range of problems, the algorithm outperforms other algorithms in its ability to compute within a manageable computing time arbitrary elements of the pseudoinverse of a matrix of size millions by millions. Therefore our algorithm can be used very widely in analyzing the relaxation processes occurring on large-scale networked systems.

S. Hwang; D.-S. Lee; B. Kahng

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

206

Single-Chain Antibody Library  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have constructed a nonimmune library consisting of 109 human antibody scFv fragments, which have been cloned and expressed on the surface of yeast. Nanomolar-affinity scFvs are routinely obtained by magnetic bead screening and flow cytometric sorting. The yeast library can be amplified 1010 fold without measurable loss of clonal diversity. This allows for indefinite expansion of the library. All scFv clones can be assessed directly on the yeast cell surface by immunofluorescent labeling and flow cytometry, obviating separate subcloning, expression, and purification steps. The ability to use multiplex library screening demonstrates the utility of this approach for high-throughput antibody isolation for proteomic applications. The yeast library may be used for research projects or teaching performed for U.S. Government purposes only. If you would like to request an aliquot of the single-chain antibody library for your research, please print and fill out the Materials Transfer Agreement (MTA) [PDF, 20K]. The website provides the contact information for mailing the MTA. [copied from http://www.sysbio.org/dataresources/singlechain.stm

Baird, Cheryl

207

Thermodynamics of multiferroic spin chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The minimal model to describe many spin-chain materials with ferroelectric properties is the Heisenberg model with ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor coupling J1 and antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor coupling J2. Here we study the thermodynamics of this model using a density-matrix algorithm applied to transfer matrices. We find that the incommensurate spin-spin correlations—crucial for the ferroelectric properties and the analog of the classical spiral pitch angle—depend not only on the ratio J2/|J1| but also strongly on temperature. We study small easy-plane anisotropies which can stabilize a vector chiral order as well as the finite-temperature signatures of multipolar phases, stable at finite magnetic field. Furthermore, we fit the susceptibilities of LiCuVO4, LiCu2O2, and Li2ZrCuO4. Contrary to the literature, we find that for LiCuVO4 the best fit is obtained with J2?90?K and J2/|J1|?0.5 and show that these values are consistent with the observed spin incommensurability. Finally, we discuss our findings concerning the incommensurate spin-spin correlations and multipolar orders in relation to future experiments on these compounds.

J. Sirker

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

208

Food Service Equipment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Equipment Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleFoodServiceEquipment&oldid380620...

209

Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pressures on food prices, economic...will have many effects on the global...recent data are averages for the period...burning of fossil fuels, with smaller...Goldberg R. , The effect of changes in...other renewable fuels for transport...surging food prices . Agric. Econ...osterdal, “Effects of food price...

Tim Wheeler; Joachim von Braun

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

210

Agent Notes Day 3 ~ Food Safety Training  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. If possible, acquire food and refrigerator thermometers for each participant. Also, show a variety of thermometers (food, refrigerator, oven, candy, etc.), and explain their purpose. You may set up any food for foodborne illness because their immune systems are not fully developed. This lesson outlines the causes

211

Potential Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants 1...as a result of the manufacturing process used; an example...Specifi cations of food additives are of immense significance...use of DES as a food additive for cattle. I am unable...occupational hazards from manufacturing these materials even...

Philippe Shubik

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

CSU Master Food Safety Advisor Program Do you enjoy the art and science of food preservation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSU Master Food Safety Advisor Program Do you enjoy the art and science of food preservation? Would Advisor! What is a Master Food Safety Advisor The Master food Safety Advisor program serves to extend CSU Safety Advisor is a trained volunteer educator and resource person in the community to provide the public

213

5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophan suppresses food intake in food-deprived and stressed rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophan suppresses food intake in food-deprived and stressed rats Ahmed Amera , Jeff consumption and tissue 5-HTP levels among rats subjected to two different hyperphagic stimuli, food in a 1- h feeding test in food-deprived rats. In this study, both serotonin and 5-HTP exhibited anorectic

Wurtman, Richard

214

Structure of Human Ferritin L Chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ferritin is the major iron-storage protein present in all cells. It generally contains 24 subunits, with different ratios of heavy chain (H) to light chain (L), in the shape of a hollow sphere hosting up to 4500 ferric Fe atoms inside. H-rich ferritins catalyze the oxidation of iron(II), while L-rich ferritins promote the nucleation and storage of iron(III). Several X-ray structures have been determined, including those of L-chain ferritins from horse spleen (HoSF), recombinant L-chain ferritins from horse (HoLF), mouse (MoLF) and bullfrog (BfLF) as well as recombinant human H-chain ferritin (HuHF). Here, structures have been determined of two crystal forms of recombinant human L-chain ferritin (HuLF) obtained from native and perdeuterated proteins. The structures show a cluster of acidic residues at the ferrihydrite nucleation site and at the iron channel along the threefold axis. An ordered Cd{sup 2+} structure is observed within the iron channel, offering further insight into the route and mechanism of iron transport into the capsid. The loop between helices D and E, which is disordered in many other L-chain structures, is clearly visible in these two structures. The crystals generated from perdeuterated HuLF will be used for neutron diffraction studies.

Wang,Z.; Li, C.; Ellenburg, M.; Soistman, E.; Ruble, J.; Wright, B.; Ho, J.; Carter, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Vision - Food | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vision - Food Vision - Food Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture This website is supported by the Interagency Council on Agricultural and Rural Statistics (ICARS). ICARS is the effort of the US federal government's statistical agencies in support of the "Global Strategy to Improve Agriculture and Rural Statistics" which was developed under the United Nations Statistical Commission. The impetus for the Global Strategy was the recognition that agriculture and rural statistics are declining across the globe at the same time as new data requirements are emerging. ICARS brings together experts from economic, demographic, environmental and agricultural statistical agencies and from natural resource agencies to

216

Photosynthesis—path to food  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photosynthesis—path to food ... The idea of producing more and better agricultural products by tinkering with the extremely complex mechanisms which control photosynthesis is today little more than a dream. ... However, much research remains to be done to bring the dream to reality, he said at the Symposium on Photosynthesis, held to highlight the dedication of International Minerals & Chemical's -S6.5 million Growth Science Center in Libertyville, 111. ...

1966-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

217

Tankless water heaters fill the bill at fast-food restaurants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article explains why Kentucky Fried Chicken has installed a PH-24 water heater. The tankless water heater meets the restaurant's criteria for space spacing, flow rates, certification and availability, and money saving efficiency. This article describes the system and its advantages.

Not Available

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Fast Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatography—Mass Spectrometry for Food Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......lard, beef, and mutton tallow and palm oil) were analyzed in order to study linearity...per run. This ben- efit comes at the price of decreased resolution. The calculated...programming in gas chromatography using resistive heating. J. High Resol. Chromatogr. 22(8......

Steven W. Lloyd; Casey C. Grimm

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Influence of the Position of the Side Chain on Crystallization and Solar Cell Performance of DPP-Based Small Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three isomeric ?-conjugated molecules based on diketopyrrolopyrrole and bithiophene (DPP2T) substituted with hexyl side chains in different positions are investigated for use in solution-processed organic solar cells. ... Solution-processed organic photovoltaic cells are considered to be a viable option in meeting the future global energy demand when high efficiencies can be combined with fast printing production techniques. ... solar cell based on merocyanine dyes - traditional colorants that can easily be mass-produced and purified - is presented. ...

Veronique S. Gevaerts; Eva M. Herzig; Mindaugas Kirkus; Koen H. Hendriks; Martijn M. Wienk; Jan Perlich; Peter Müller-Buschbaum; René A. J. Janssen

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

220

Nuclear chain reaction: forty years later  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proceedings from a 1982 symposium 40 years after the first controlled nuclear chain reaction took place in Chicago covers four sessions and public discussion. The session covered the history of the chain reaction; peaceful uses in technology, medicine, and biological science; peaceful uses in power generation; and nuclear weapons control. Among the speakers were Eugene Wigner, Glenn Seaborg, Alvin Weinberg, and others who participated in the first chain reaction experiments. The proceedings reflect differences of opinion among the scientists as well as the general public. References, slides, and tables used to illustrate the individual talks are included with the papers.

Sachs, R.G. (ed.)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Spectroscopy of element 115 decay chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-resolution a, X-ray and -ray coincidence spectroscopy experiment was conducted at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum fu r Schwerionenforschung. Thirty correlated a-decay chains were detected following the fusion-evaporation reaction 48Ca + 243Am. The observations are consistent with previous assignments of similar decay chains to originate from element Z = 115. The data includes first candidates of fingerprinting the decay step Mt --> Bh with characteristic X rays. For the first time, precise spectroscopy allows the derivation of excitation schemes of isotopes along the decay chains starting with elements Z > 112. Comprehensive Monte-Carlo simulations accompany the data analysis. Nuclear structure models provide a first level interpretation.

Rudolph, Dirk [Lund University, Sweden; Forsberg, U. [Lund University, Sweden; Golubev, P. [Lund University, Sweden; Sarmiento, L. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Yakushev, A. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Andersson, L.-L. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Di Nitto, A. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Duehllmann, Ch. E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Gates, J. M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gregorich, K. E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Hessberger, F. P. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Herzberg, R.-D [University of Liverpool; Khuyagbaatar, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Kratz, J. V. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr [ORNL; Schaedel, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Aberg, S. [Lund University, Sweden; Ackermann, D. [GSI-Hemholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany; Block, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Brand, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Carlsson, B. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Cox, D. [University of Liverpool; Derkx, X. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Eberhardt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Even, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Fahlander, C. [Lund University, Sweden; Gerl, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Jaeger, E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kindler, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Krier, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kojouharov, I. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kurz, N. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Lommel, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Mistry, A. [University of Liverpool; Mokry, C. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Nitsche, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Omtvedt, J. P. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Papadakis, P. [University of Liverpool; Ragnarsson, I. [Lund University, Sweden; Runke, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schaffner, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schausten, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Thoerle-Pospiech, P. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Torres, T. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Traut, T. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Trautmann, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Tuerler, A. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Ward, A. [University of Liverpool; Ward, D. E. [Lund University, Sweden; Wiehl, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

An engineering approach to improving hospital supply chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores supply chain management practices that have been implemented, and have improved supply chains in industries outside of healthcare. The presented supply chain practices have been selected because they ...

Cheng, Scott Hsiang-Jen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Securing the Sustainability of Global Medical Nuclear Supply Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Securing the Sustainability of Global Medical Nuclear Supply Chains Through Economic Cost Recovery University of Massachusetts Amherst Securing the Sustainability of Medical Nuclear Supply Chains #12 of Massachusetts Amherst Securing the Sustainability of Medical Nuclear Supply Chains #12;This presentation

Nagurney, Anna

224

Criticality without Frustration for Quantum Spin-1 Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frustration-free (FF) spin chains have a property that their ground state minimizes all individual terms in the chain Hamiltonian. We ask how entangled the ground state of a FF quantum spin-s chain with nearest-neighbor ...

Movassagh, Ramis

225

Impact of demographics on supply chain risk management practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Do demographic factors play a role in the choice of supply chain risk management practices by supply chain professionals? Are there stronger relationships between certain demographic factors and supply chain risk management ...

Kanyagui, Kenneth (Kenneth K.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Economic Contributions of Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Related Food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.36 billion), which includes food service establishments (restaurants and bars) and retail food storesFE935 Economic Contributions of Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Related Food Industries

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

227

Closing Data Gaps for LCA of Food Products: Estimating the Energy Demand of Food Processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Closing Data Gaps for LCA of Food Products: Estimating the Energy Demand of Food Processing ... To quantify the environmental impacts arising from food production, environmental assessment tools such as life cycle assessment (LCA) should be applied. ... Most of the published LCA’s on food are assessing primary agricultural products, e.g., refs 4 and 5, whereas the number of studies available on processed food is lower, e.g., refs 6?8. ...

Neus Sanjuán; Franziska Stoessel; Stefanie Hellweg

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

228

Fast-acting valve actuator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast-acting valve actuator utilizes a spring driven pneumatically loaded piston to drive a valve gate. Rapid exhaust of pressurized gas from the pneumatically loaded side of the piston facilitates an extremely rapid piston stroke. A flexible selector diaphragm opens and closes an exhaust port in response to pressure differentials created by energizing and de-energizing a solenoid which controls the pneumatic input to the actuator as well as selectively providing a venting action to one side of the selector diaphragm.

Cho, Nakwon (Knoxville, TN)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Fast Generators of Direct Photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three fast generators of direct photons in the central rapidity region of high-energy heavy-ion collisions have been presented The generator of prompt photons is based on a tabulation of $p+p(\\bar p)$ data and binary scaling. Two generators of thermal direct photons, for hot hadron gas (HHG) and quark-gluon plasma (QGP) scenarios, assume the 1+1 Bjorken hydrodynamics. SPS and RHIC data can be fitted better by scenario with QGP. Predictions for the LHC energy have been made. The generators have been realized as macros for the ROOT analysis package.

S. M. Kiselev

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

230

Data - Food Community | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data - Food Community Data - Food Community Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture Search Terms Category -Any- Agriculture Investment and Engineering Animals and Animal Systems Agriculture Fire Hazard Food/Non-Food Agricultural Products Geography and Environment Human Health and Nutrition International Trade Local and Regional Food Systems Markets, Prices, and Economics Natural Resources and Environment Plants and Plant Systems Agriculture Rural Development Science and Technology Water Quality Watershed Protection Items per page 25 50 100 Apply Name Downloads Rating Pesticide Data Program 1994 The USDA Pesticide Data Program (PDP) database provides national data on pesticide residues in food and water, with an emphasis on foods consumed by infants and children. PDP data are used primarily...

231

Multiperiod Competitive Supply Chain Networks with Inventorying and A Transportation Network Equilibrium Reformulation Multiperiod Competitive Supply Chain Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiperiod Competitive Supply Chain Networks with Inventorying and A Transportation Network Equilibrium Reformulation Multiperiod Competitive Supply Chain Networks with Inventorying and A Transportation Competitive Supply Chain Networks with Inventorying and A Transportation Network Equilibrium Reformulation

Nagurney, Anna

232

Enrico Fermi Achieves First Self Sustain Nuclear Chain Reaction...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Self Sustain Nuclear Chain Reaction Chicago, IL Metallurgical Laboratory scientists led by Enrico Fermi achieve the first self-sustained nuclear chain reaction in pile...

233

U.S. Offshore Wind Manufacturing and Supply Chain Development...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

U.S. Offshore Wind Manufacturing and Supply Chain Development U.S. Offshore Wind Manufacturing and Supply Chain Development This report seeks to provide an organized, analytical...

234

Electrochemical Branched-DNA Assay for Polymerase Chain Reaction...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Branched-DNA Assay for Polymerase Chain Reaction-Free Detection and Quantification of Oncogenes in Messenger RNA Electrochemical Branched-DNA Assay for Polymerase Chain...

235

Segmentation strategies for managing retail supply chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-technology manufacturing companies often face rapid price decline and capacity constraints. Especially in the retail side of the business where the supply chain is much longer and revenue is sometimes not recognized ...

Liang, Catherine G. (Catherine Gloria)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Supply chain and the executive agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, supply chain pundits and consultants emphasized the importance of strategies such as just-in-time, lean manufacturing, off- shoring or frequent deliveries to retail outlets. However, with significant ...

Peruvankal, James Paul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Economic analysis of the meat supply chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and overseas animal disease outbreaks on the Korean meat supply chain. Market impacts are investigated using both forecasts and historical decomposition of price innovations based on an error correction model (ECM) of the Korean meat sector. Results indicate...

Park, Moon-Soo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

The supply chain response to environmental pressures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding and shaping the relationship between supply chain management and the natural environment is critical not only to human health and the environment, but to the future success of business. While the cumulative ...

Paquette, Julie Rebecca

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Free Energy of Multiple Overlapping Chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

How accurate is pair additivity in describing interactions between soft polymer-based nanoparticles? Using numerical simulations we compute the free energy cost required to overlap multiple chains in the same region of space, and provide a quantitative measure of the effectiveness of pair additivity as a function of chain number and length. Our data suggest that pair additivity can indeed become quite inadequate as the chain density in the overlapping region increases. We also show that even a scaling theory based on polymer confinement can only partially account for the complexity of the problem. In fact, we unveil and characterize an isotropic to star-polymer crossover taking place for large number of chains, and propose a revised scaling theory that better captures the physics of the problem.

Katherine Klymko and Angelo Cacciuto

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

240

Internal Markets for Supply Chain Capacity Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores the possibility of solving supply chain capacity allocation problems using internal markets among employees of the same company. Unlike earlier forms of transfer pricing, IT now makes it easier for such ...

McAdams, David

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Ethylene detection in fruit supply chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Steffen Janssen and Walter Lang Ethylene detection in fruit supply chains S...and advanced warehouse management . Ethylene is a gaseous ripening phytohormone of fruits and plants. Presently, ethylene is primarily measured with stationary...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Polynomial policies in supply chain networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis aims to solve the periodic-reviewed inventory control problem in supply chain networks with uncertain demand so as to minimize the overall cost of the system over a fixed planning time horizon. In such problems, ...

He, Liwei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Better Plants Supply Chain Pilot – Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy (DOE) is working with Better Plants Partners to improve energy efficiency throughout their supply chains. Around 40 to 60 percent of a manufacturing company’s energy and carbon footprint can reside upstream in its supply chain—from raw materials, transport, and packaging to the energy consumed in manufacturing processes—but this number can be as high as 80 percent. Coordinating energy management practices between companies and their supply chains has the potential to significantly improve industrial energy productivity and reduce the amount of energy embedded in manufactured products. Through this Supply Chain Pilot, DOE will work with a select group of Better Plants Partners to extend the benefits of energy efficiency to their suppliers. Partners will leverage existing Better Plants Program resources and encourage suppliers to collectively set, track, and meet energy savings goals.

244

Using Simulation to Investigate Supply Chain Disruptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Managers and researchers are coming to realize that Supply Chain Disruptions (SCDs) constitute a real and significant threat – a threat that has to be better understood. However, the challenge facing many rese...

Steven A. Melnyk; Alexander Rodrigues; Gary L. Ragatz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Irradiation of Food — Helping to Ensure Food Safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...products. Many people are unaware that radiation is used to sterilize or treat many of the products that they use in their own homes, such as baby-bottle nipples, personal-hygiene products, cosmetics, bandages, polymerized flooring materials, Teflon-coated skillets, and insulation on electrical wire... In this issue of the Journal, Osterholm and Norgan (pages 1898–1901) present a convincing argument that physicians and other health care professionals, as health advocates, should also be advocates for the irradiation of foods to prevent the transmission ...

Thayer D.W.

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

246

Fast Start Financing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fast Start Financing Fast Start Financing Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Fast Start Financing Agency/Company /Organization: Government of the Netherlands Partner: United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, World Bank Topics: Finance, Market analysis Resource Type: Maps Website: www.faststartfinance.org/home Fast Start Financing Screenshot References: Fast Start Financing [1] Overview "www.faststartfinance.org aims to provide transparency about the amount, direction and use of fast start climate finance, in turn building trust in its delivery and impact. Development of the website was initiated by the government of the Netherlands, with support from the governments of Costa Rica, Colombia,

247

Implications of Fast Reactor Transuranic Conversion Ratio  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretically, the transuranic conversion ratio (CR), i.e. the transuranic production divided by transuranic destruction, in a fast reactor can range from near zero to about 1.9, which is the average neutron yield from Pu239 minus 1. In practice, the possible range will be somewhat less. We have studied the implications of transuranic conversion ratio of 0.0 to 1.7 using the fresh and discharge fuel compositions calculated elsewhere. The corresponding fissile breeding ratio ranges from 0.2 to 1.6. The cases below CR=1 (“burners”) do not have blankets; the cases above CR=1 (“breeders”) have breeding blankets. The burnup was allowed to float while holding the maximum fluence to the cladding constant. We graph the fuel burnup and composition change. As a function of transuranic conversion ratio, we calculate and graph the heat, gamma, and neutron emission of fresh fuel; whether the material is “attractive” for direct weapon use using published criteria; the uranium utilization and rate of consumption of natural uranium; and the long-term radiotoxicity after fuel discharge. For context, other cases and analyses are included, primarily once-through light water reactor (LWR) uranium oxide fuel at 51 MWth-day/kg-iHM burnup (UOX-51). For CR<1, the heat, gamma, and neutron emission increase as material is recycled. The uranium utilization is at or below 1%, just as it is in thermal reactors as both types of reactors require continuing fissile support. For CR>1, heat, gamma, and neutron emission decrease with recycling. The uranium utilization exceeds 1%, especially as all the transuranic elements are recycled. exceeds 1%, especially as all the transuranic elements are recycled. At the system equilibrium, heat and gamma vary by somewhat over an order of magnitude as a function of CR. Isotopes that dominate heat and gamma emission are scattered throughout the actinide chain, so the modest impact of CR is unsurprising. Neutron emitters are preferentially found among the higher actinides, so the neutron emission varies much stronger with CR, about three orders of magnitude.

Steven J. Piet; Edward A. Hoffman; Samuel E. Bays

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Scattering of Fast Neutrons by Boron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cross section of boron for the scattering of fast neutrons through angles greater than 30° was measured at neutron energies between 0.2 and 3 Mev.

H. H. Barschall; M. E. Battat; W. C. Bright

1946-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Fast Algorithms for the Minimum Volume Estimator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: The MVE estimator is an important tool in robust regression and outlier detection in statistics. We develop fast and efficient algorithms for the MVE ...

S D Ahipasaoglu

250

FastStokes : a fast 3-D fluid simulation program for micro-electro-mechanical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed boundary integral equation formulas and a corresponding fast 3-D Stokes flow simulation program named FastStokes to accurately simulate viscous drag forces on geometrically complicated MEMS (micro- electro- ...

Wang, Xin, 1972 Jan. 8-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

FastBit Reference Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An index in a database system is a data structure that utilizes redundant information about the base data to speed up common searching and retrieval operations. Most commonly used indexes are variants of B-trees, such as B+-tree and B*-tree. FastBit implements a set of alternative indexes call compressed bitmap indexes. Compared with B-tree variants, these indexes provide very efficient searching and retrieval operations by sacrificing the efficiency of updating the indexes after the modification of an individual record. In addition to the well-known strengths of bitmap indexes, FastBit has a special strength stemming from the bitmap compression scheme used. The compression method is called the Word-Aligned Hybrid (WAH) code. It reduces the bitmap indexes to reasonable sizes and at the same time allows very efficient bitwise logical operations directly on the compressed bitmaps. Compared with the well-known compression methods such as LZ77 and Byte-aligned Bitmap code (BBC), WAH sacrifices some space efficiency for a significant improvement in operational efficiency. Since the bitwise logical operations are the most important operations needed to answer queries, using WAH compression has been shown to answer queries significantly faster than using other compression schemes. Theoretical analyses showed that WAH compressed bitmap indexes are optimal for one-dimensional range queries. Only the most efficient indexing schemes such as B+-tree and B*-tree have this optimality property. However, bitmap indexes are superior because they can efficiently answer multi-dimensional range queries by combining the answers to one-dimensional queries.

Wu, Kesheng

2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

252

Heterogeneous Recycling in Fast Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current sodium fast reactor (SFR) designs have avoided the use of depleted uranium blankets over concerns of creating weapons grade plutonium. While reducing proliferation risks, this restrains the reactor design space considerably. This project will analyze various blanket and transmutation target configurations that could broaden the design space while still addressing the non-proliferation issues. The blanket designs will be assessed based on the transmutation efficiency of key minor actinide (MA) isotopes and also on mitigation of associated proliferation risks. This study will also evaluate SFR core performance under different scenarios in which depleted uranium blankets are modified to include minor actinides with or without moderators (e.g. BeO, MgO, B4C, and hydrides). This will be done in an effort to increase the sustainability of the reactor and increase its power density while still offering a proliferation resistant design with the capability of burning MA waste produced from light water reactors (LWRs). Researchers will also analyze the use of recycled (as opposed to depleted) uranium in the blankets. The various designs will compare MA transmutation efficiency, plutonium breeding characteristics, proliferation risk, shutdown margins and reactivity coefficients with a current reference sodium fast reactor design employing homogeneous recycling. The team will also evaluate the out-of-core accumulation and/or burn-down rates of MAs and plutonium isotopes on a cycle-by-cycle basis. This cycle-by-cycle information will be produced in a format readily usable by the fuel cycle systems analysis code, VISION, for assessment of the sustainability of the deployment scenarios.

Dr. Benoit Forget; Michael Pope; Piet, Steven J.; Michael Driscoll

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

253

Fast Ignition Program in Japan "Progress of Fast Ignition Project; FIREX"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Fast Ignition Program in Japan "Progress of Fast Ignition Project; FIREX" Fast Ignition.4 Fusion , Laser Astrophysics, EUV, and so on are main projects Laser Spectroscopy NIFS, Okayama Univ., High Pressure EOS AIST Tokyo Inst. Tech Laser Acceleration, Terahertz Coherent X-Ray JAEA KPRI Fusion

254

Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for hot food holding cabinets, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

255

GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR SERVING SAFE FOOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to contamination by sneezing or coughing. · Dispose of any food that has been out for more than 2 hours. When

256

Chain elongation with reactor microbiomes: upgrading dilute ethanol to medium-chain carboxylates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through a reversed b-oxidation pathway.6­8 This bacterium uses ethanol as a source of carbon, energy for elongation by C. kluyveri, one molecule of ethanol is oxidized to acetic acid for metabolic energy.6 OpenChain elongation with reactor microbiomes: upgrading dilute ethanol to medium-chain carboxylates

Angenent, Lars T.

257

Research Program of a Super Fast Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research program of a supercritical-pressure light water cooled fast reactor (Super Fast Reactor) is funded by MEXT (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) in December 2005 as one of the research programs of Japanese NERI (Nuclear Energy Research Initiative). It consists of three programs. (1) development of Super Fast Reactor concept; (2) thermal-hydraulic experiments; (3) material developments. The purpose of the concept development is to pursue the advantage of high power density of fast reactor over thermal reactors to achieve economic competitiveness of fast reactor for its deployment without waiting for exhausting uranium resources. Design goal is not breeding, but maximizing reactor power by using plutonium from spent LWR fuel. MOX will be the fuel of the Super Fast Reactor. Thermal-hydraulic experiments will be conducted with HCFC22 (Hydro chlorofluorocarbons) heat transfer loop of Kyushu University and supercritical water loop at JAEA. Heat transfer data including effect of grid spacers will be taken. The critical flow and condensation of supercritical fluid will be studied. The materials research includes the development and testing of austenitic stainless steel cladding from the experience of PNC1520 for LMFBR. Material for thermal insulation will be tested. SCWR (Supercritical-Water Cooled Reactor) of GIF (Generation-4 International Forum) includes both thermal and fast reactors. The research of the Super Fast Reactor will enhance SCWR research and the data base. The research period will be until March 2010. (authors)

Oka, Yoshiaki; Ishiwatari, Yuki; Liu, Jie; Terai, Takayuki; Nagasaki, Shinya; Muroya, Yusa; Abe, Hiroaki [Nuclear Professional School / Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management, The University of Tokyo, Tokaimura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki, 319-1188 (Japan); Mori, Hideo [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kyushu University (Japan); Akiba, Masato; Akimoto, Hajime; Okumura, Keisuke; Akasaka, Naoaki [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (Japan); GOTO, Shoji [Tokyo Electric Power Company (Japan)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Fast algorithms for triangular Josephson junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop fast algorithms for the numerical study of two-dimensional triangular Josephson junction arrays. The Dirac bra-ket formalism is introduced in the context of such arrays. We note that triangular arrays can have both hexagonal and rectangular periodicity and develop algorithms for each. Boundaries are next introduced and fast algorithms for finite arrays are developed. 40 refs., 4 figs.

Datta, S.; Sahdev, D. [Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (India)] [Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (India)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Developing fast and efficient climate models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

report from Tyndall research project IT 1.31 Planning and Prototyping a Climate Module for the Tyndall The aim of this project was to develop a fast and efficient climate model, as a vital componentDeveloping fast and efficient climate models John Shepherd, Peter Challenor, Bob Marsh, Mark

Williamson, Mark

260

FAST User's Guide - Updated August 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The FAST (Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures, and Turbulence) Code is a comprehensive aeroelastic simulator capable of predicting both the extreme and fatigue loads of two- and three-bladed horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWTs). This document covers the features of FAST and outlines its operating procedures.

Jonkman, J. M.; Buhl, M. L. Jr.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Advanced Safeguards Approaches for New Fast Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This third report in the series reviews possible safeguards approaches for new fast reactors in general, and the ABR in particular. Fast-neutron spectrum reactors have been used since the early 1960s on an experimental and developmental level, generally with fertile blanket fuels to “breed” nuclear fuel such as plutonium. Whether the reactor is designed to breed plutonium, or transmute and “burn” actinides depends mainly on the design of the reactor neutron reflector and the whether the blanket fuel is “fertile” or suitable for transmutation. However, the safeguards issues are very similar, since they pertain mainly to the receipt, shipment and storage of fresh and spent plutonium and actinide-bearing “TRU”-fuel. For these reasons, the design of existing fast reactors and details concerning how they have been safeguarded were studied in developing advanced safeguards approaches for the new fast reactors. In this regard, the design of the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II “EBR-II” at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) was of interest, because it was designed as a collocated fast reactor with a pyrometallurgical reprocessing and fuel fabrication line – a design option being considered for the ABR. Similarly, the design of the Fast Flux Facility (FFTF) on the Hanford Site was studied, because it was a successful prototype fast reactor that ran for two decades to evaluate fuels and the design for commercial-scale fast reactors.

Durst, Philip C.; Therios, Ike; Bean, Robert; Dougan, A.; Boyer, Brian; Wallace, Rick L.; Ehinger, Michael H.; Kovacic, Don N.; Tolk, K.

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Analytical model for fast-shock ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model and its improvements are introduced for a recently proposed approach to inertial confinement fusion, called fast-shock ignition (FSI). The analysis is based upon the gain models of fast ignition, shock ignition and considerations for the fast electrons penetration into the pre-compressed fuel to examine the formation of an effective central hot spot. Calculations of fast electrons penetration into the dense fuel show that if the initial electron kinetic energy is of the order ?4.5 MeV, the electrons effectively reach the central part of the fuel. To evaluate more realistically the performance of FSI approach, we have used a quasi-two temperature electron energy distribution function of Strozzi (2012) and fast ignitor energy formula of Bellei (2013) that are consistent with 3D PIC simulations for different values of fast ignitor laser wavelength and coupling efficiency. The general advantages of fast-shock ignition in comparison with the shock ignition can be estimated to be better than 1.3 and it is seen that the best results can be obtained for the fuel mass around 1.5 mg, fast ignitor laser wavelength ?0.3??micron and the shock ignitor energy weight factor about 0.25.

Ghasemi, S. A., E-mail: abo.ghasemi@yahoo.com; Farahbod, A. H. [Plasma Physics Research School, NSTRI, North Kargar Avenue, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sobhanian, S. [Department of Physics, Tabriz University, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

FAST ION STUDIES OF ION CYCLOTRON HEATING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAST ION STUDIES OF ION CYCLOTRON HEATING IN THE PLT TOKAMAK Gregory Wayne Hammett;@1986 Gregory Wayne Hammett ALL RIGHTS RESERVED #12;Abstract Fast Ion Studies of Ion Cyclotron Heating about the physics of wave heating. Previous experiments have demonstrated that ion cyclotron heating

Hammett, Greg

264

Molecular dynamics simulation of chains mobility in polyethylene crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mobility of polymer chains in perfect polyethylene (PE) crystal was calculated as a function of temperature and chain length through Molecular dynamics (MD) in united atom approximation. The results demonstrate that the chain mobility drastically increases in the vicinity of the phase transition from the orthorhombic to quasi-hexagonal phase. In the quasi-hexagonal phase, the chain mobility is almost independent on temperature and inversely proportional to the chain length.

V. I. Sultanov; V. V. Atrazhev; D. V. Dmitriev; S. F. Burlatsky

2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

265

E:FoodEngineering&PhysicalProperties JFS E: Food Engineering and Physical Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E:FoodEngineering&PhysicalProperties JFS E: Food Engineering and Physical Properties Classification in the type of starch modification were mainly related to the following properties: permeability, solubility years, both in terms of materials and processes. The use of plastic materials in food packaging

Ferreira, MĂĄrcia M. C.

266

APPLIED BIOLOGY 360 ~ FOOD & ENVIRONMENT II (Agroecology II) Faculty of Land and Food Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: APBI 360 uses a systems approach to investigate the functions and interactions of plants and animals/ 204 pp Gliessman, S.R. 2007. Agroecology ­ The Ecology of Sustainable Food Systems. Second Edition1 APPLIED BIOLOGY 360 ~ FOOD & ENVIRONMENT II (Agroecology II) Faculty of Land and Food Systems

Farrell, Anthony P.

267

Critical dynamics of nonperiodic Ising chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The critical dynamics of the nonperiodic ferromagnetic Ising chains with two different coupling constants (J1>J2>0) arranged in nonperiodic sequences are studied by trace map method. For Glauber dynamics, it is found that the dynamical critical exponent z=1+J1/J2 for the Fibonacci, general Fibonacci (e.g., silver-mean, copper-mean), and period-doubling ferromagnetic Ising chains. The applicability of the trace map method and the origin of the nonuniversality are briefly discussed.

Peiqing Tong

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Peppytides: Interactive Models of Polypeptide Chains  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Peppytides are scaled, 3D-printed models of polypeptide chains that can be folded into accurate protein structures. Designed and created by Berkeley Lab Researcher, Promita Chakraborty, and Berkeley Lab Senior Scientist, Dr. Ron Zuckermann, Peppytides are accurate physical models of polypeptide chains that anyone can interact with and fold intro various protein structures - proving to be a great educational tool, resulting in a deeper understanding of these fascinating structures and how they function. Build your own Peppytide model and learn about how nature's machines fold into their intricate architectures!

Zuckermann, Ron; Chakraborty, Promita; Derisi, Joe

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

269

Peppytides: Interactive Models of Polypeptide Chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Peppytides are scaled, 3D-printed models of polypeptide chains that can be folded into accurate protein structures. Designed and created by Berkeley Lab Researcher, Promita Chakraborty, and Berkeley Lab Senior Scientist, Dr. Ron Zuckermann, Peppytides are accurate physical models of polypeptide chains that anyone can interact with and fold intro various protein structures - proving to be a great educational tool, resulting in a deeper understanding of these fascinating structures and how they function. Build your own Peppytide model and learn about how nature's machines fold into their intricate architectures!

Zuckermann, Ron; Chakraborty, Promita; Derisi, Joe

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

270

Group Constants Generation of the Pseudo Fission Products for Fast Reactor Burnup Calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pseudo fission products for the burnup calculations of the liquid metal fast reactor were generated. The cross-section data and fission product yield data of ENDF/B-VI were used for the pseudo fission product data of U-235, U-238, Pu-239, Pu-240, Pu-241, and Pu-242. The pseudo fission product data can be used with the KAFAX-F22 or -E66, which are the MATXS-format libraries for analyses of the liquid metal fast reactor at KAERI and were distributed through the OECD/NEA. The 80-group MATXS-format libraries of the 172 fission products were generated and the burnup chains for generation of the pseudo fission products were prepared.

Gil, Choong-Sup; Kim, Do Heon; Chang, Jonghwa [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150 Dukjin-dong, Yusung-gu, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

271

Food-intake dysregulation in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats: Hypothesized role of dysfunctional brainstem thyrotropin-releasing hormone and impaired vagal output  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), a neuropeptide contained in neural terminals innervating brainstem vagal motor neurons, enhances vagal outflow to modify multisystemic visceral functions and food intake. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity are accompanied by impaired vagal functioning. We examined the possibility that impaired brainstem TRH action may contribute to the vagal dysregulation of food intake in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, a T2D model with hyperglycemia and impaired central vagal activation by TRH. Food intake induced by intracisternal injection of TRH analog was reduced significantly by 50% in GK rats, compared to Wistar rats. Similarly, natural food intake in the dark phase or food intake after an overnight fast was reduced by 56–81% in GK rats. Fasting (48 h) and refeeding (2 h)-associated changes in serum ghrelin, insulin, peptide YY, pancreatic polypeptide and leptin, and the concomitant changes in orexigenic or anorexigenic peptide expression in the brainstem and hypothalamus, all apparent in Wistar rats, were absent or markedly reduced in GK rats, with hormone release stimulated by vagal activation, such as ghrelin and pancreatic polypeptide, decreased substantially. Fasting-induced Fos expression accompanying endogenous brainstem TRH action decreased by 66% and 91%, respectively, in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) in GK rats, compared to Wistar rats. Refeeding abolished fasting-induced Fos-expression in the NTS, while that in the DMV remained in Wistar but not GK rats. These findings indicate that dysfunctional brainstem TRH-elicited vagal impairment contributes to the disturbed food intake in T2D GK rats, and may provide a pathophysiological mechanism which prevents further weight gain in T2D and obesity.

K. Zhao; Y. Ao; R.M. Harper; V.L.W. Go; H. Yang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

NDHA REQUIREMENTS FOR FCNS 320 Quantity Food Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of practical food service work experience. CERTIFICATION & TB TEST GUIDELINES Food Sanitation CertificateNDHA REQUIREMENTS FOR FCNS 320 ­ Quantity Food Production OVERVIEW State Of Illinois Food) Skin Test Verification of 100 Hours Completed Work Experience in Food Production Verification

Kostic, Milivoje M.

273

TEMPORARY FOOD SERVICE WORKER UNIVERSITY HOUSING & DINING SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PART-TIME TEMPORARY FOOD SERVICE WORKER UNIVERSITY HOUSING & DINING SERVICES WAGE $11.08 / HOUR Description The Food Service Worker 2 performs a variety of routine and semiroutine food service activities such as preparing, cooking, and serving simple foods in a volume dining or food service facility. Position Summary

Escher, Christine

274

Cat under Food and Water Stress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Asimikas Asimikas Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: N/A Question: How long can a domestic cat live without food, and drink water only? Replies: Asimikas, If at all possible, attempt to coax food into the cat by mixing wet cat food with water until 'soupy', and use a syringe to inject food into the back of the cat's mouth. The cat probably won't like this, but if you try repeatedly and with gentle firmness, you may successfully get food into the feline. From observing a case as a veterinary assistant, a cat refusing solid food can go several days on water alone. Then, the cat generally begins to refuse water as well and there is a noticeable gauntness about the body shape of the cat. The skin on the back, for example, when gently pinched will not quickly spring back to laying flat as it should --- this indicates serious dehydration on a subcutaneous level, indicating the cat needs an IV to get fluids in quickly before organ failure etc. Again, this is the general series of events I observed in a vet's office when a cat was brought in, having refused food for more than a few days. A vet should definitely be contacted if a feline has refused food for two consecutive days or more.

275

Global Food Security Programme Exploring public views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Food Security Programme ­ Exploring public views #12;©TNS June 2012 -1- Executive Summary significant public policy issues of this century. This scoping study for the Global Food Security programme. The project involved a total of 44 people in a two stage workshop process in London, Edinburgh and Aberystwyth

276

The food consumption of the world's seabirds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...May 2004 research-article The food consumption of the world's seabirds M. de L...provisional estimate of their annual food consumption. Knowing the body mass and energy density...equations to estimate daily and hence annual consumption of a seabird. Using this approach...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy conversion from solar energy to food products is inherently inefficient. ... Conversion of that biomass to food by feeding animals compounds the inefficiency, because only 5–10% of feed is converted to edible beef. ... In addition to these macroconcerns, producers must consider fertilization and pest management, focusing on the sustainable environmental factors as well as energy resources for production of the chemicals. ...

John W. Finley; James N. Seiber

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

278

Critical dynamics of the open Ising chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The one-dimensional ferromagnetic Ising model with open boundary conditions within the Glauber dynamics is studied. From the behavior of the order parameter, the explicit scaling form of the relaxation time is obtained. For finite systems, the dynamical critical exponent is z=1, in contrast to the value of the infinite open chain (z=2).

J. Kamphorst Leal da Silva; Adriana G. Moreira; M. Silvério Soares; F. C. Sá Barreto

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado by support from the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement

280

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement. The authors

Stephens, Graeme L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Engaging Supply Chains in Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Suppliers are increasingly being asked to share information about their vulnerability to climate change and their strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Their responses vary widely. We theorize and empirically identify several factors associated ... Keywords: econometric analysis, empirical research, environmental operations, quality management, risk management, supply chain management, sustainable operations

Chonnikarn Fern Jira; Michael W. Toffel

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Remote quality monitoring in the banana chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...bypassed the warehouse handling and directly transported...chain for bananas as applied in our field tests...prioritized for port handling. Palletloads which...development and monitoring technologies have to go hand...analyser; Control in applied Physiology (CP...i) Experimental procedure for banana storage...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM) Awareness Toolkit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE-developed toolkit contains SCRM awareness material that informs the general DOE user of basic SCRM terms and concepts. Supply chain is how organizations, people, technology, activities, information and resources are involved in developing, producing, or delivering a product or service.

284

The glass pipeline: increasing supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based upon a year-long project carried out at a UK luxury carmaker, this paper argues for a supply chain where upstream synchronisation is improved by the use of primary demand to calculate second and third-tier component requirements. The paper formulates a case for further developments to the established automotive ''sequenced'' supply model, where synchronised and lean first tiers are frequently supplied by lower tiers that carry higher stock levels, and whose production patterns bear little relationship to primary demand. The proposed development aims to enhance synchronisation of the lower portion of the chain that is outside the reach of full ''sequenced'' supply, but, within the time horizon of the vehicle manufacturers firm build schedule. This ''synchronised'' portion of the chain is achieved through increased information transparency, and hence the term ''glass pipeline'' has been used as a label for the proposed model. A case study illustration of the concept is presented, and a prototype is tested with a series of trials across a four-tier supply chain. A method for measuring synchronisation is developed, and associated business benefits are calculated in order to evaluate the model.

Julian Coleman; Andrew Lyons; Dennis Kehoe

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The supply chain of CO2 emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...analysis is based on fossil energy resources of coal, oil...emissions per unit of energy. Using trade data, these...Russia, China, and Japan together account for 59% of...Imported / y Australia China Japan US France Germany Italy...0.5 Other Direct by Households Food Products nec Textiles...

Steven J. Davis; Glen P. Peters; Ken Caldeira

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Extending the cereus group genomics to putative food-borne pathogens of different toxicity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and from a B. cereus food-poisoning strain. Microbiology.Enterotoxigenic profiles of food- poisoning and food- bornecause diarrheic or emetic food poisoning outbreaks. Multiple

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis,...

288

Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine Efficiency Improvement at Very Cold Conditions Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature...

289

Increasing the Consumption of Whole Grain Foods in School Meals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nutritious meals in their cafeterias, while maintaining customer acceptance of the foods. Whether or not students consume whole grains determines if these foods are served again. Input from participants determined which whole grain were foods tested...

Warren, Cynthia Ann

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

290

An Energy Conservation Program in the Food Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY Carl T. Farner General Foods Corporation White Plains, General Foods Corporation is one of the largest food manufacturing companies in the United States. It's brand names are well known..., covering a wide range of food products. Maxwell House coffee, Post cereals, Birds Eye frozen vegetables, Jell-O desserts and Kool-Aid powdered drink mixes are some of the more prominent ones. The company also manufactures some food ingredients...

Farner, C. T.

291

New Food-Addiction Link Found  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

May 20, 2002 May 20, 2002 Electronic newsroom 02-40 New Food-Addiction Link Found Mere sight/smell of food spikes levels of brain “pleasure” chemical UPTON, NY — Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that the mere display of food — where food-deprived subjects are allowed to smell and taste their favorite foods without actually eating them — causes a significant elevation in brain dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with feelings of pleasure and reward. This activation of the brain’s dopamine motivation circuits is distinct from the role the brain chemical plays when people actually eat, and may be similar to what addicts experience when craving drugs. “Eating is a highly reinforcing behavior, just like taking illicit drugs,” said psychiatrist Nora Volkow, the study’s lead investigator. “But this is the first time anyone has shown that the dopamine system can be triggered by food when there is no pleasure associated with it since the subjects don’t eat the food. This provides us with new clues about the mechanisms that lead people to eat other than just for the pleasure of eating, and in this respect may help us understand why some people overeat.” The study will appear in the June 1, 2002 issue of Synapse (now available online ).

292

Defining food literacy and its components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Food literacy has emerged as a term to describe the everyday practicalities associated with healthy eating. The term is increasingly used in policy, practice, research and by the public; however, there is no shared understanding of its meaning. The purpose of this research was to develop a definition of food literacy which was informed by the identification of its components. This was considered from two perspectives: that of food experts which aimed to reflect the intention of existing policy and investment, and that of individuals, who could be considered experts in the everyday practicalities of food provisioning and consumption. Given that food literacy is likely to be highly contextual, this second study focused on disadvantaged young people living in an urban area who were responsible for feeding themselves. The Expert Study used a Delphi methodology (round one n = 43). The Young People’s Study used semi-structured, life-course interviews (n = 37). Constructivist Grounded Theory was used to analyse results. This included constant comparison of data within and between studies. From this, eleven components of food literacy were identified which fell into the domains of: planning and management; selection; preparation; and eating. These were used to develop a definition for the term “food literacy”.

Helen Anna Vidgen; Danielle Gallegos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

FastBit: Interactively Searching Massive Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As scientific instruments and computer simulations produce more and more data, the task of locating the essential information to gain insight becomes increasingly difficult. FastBit is an efficient software tool to address this challenge. In this article, we present a summary of the key underlying technologies, namely bitmap compression, encoding, and binning. Together these techniques enable FastBit to answer structured (SQL) queries orders of magnitude faster than popular database systems. To illustrate how FastBit is used in applications, we present three examples involving a high-energy physics experiment, a combustion simulation, and an accelerator simulation. In each case, FastBit significantly reduces the response time and enables interactive exploration on terabytes of data.

Wu, Kesheng; Ahern, Sean; Bethel, E. Wes; Chen, Jacqueline; Childs, Hank; Cormier-Michel, Estelle; Geddes, Cameron; Gu, Junmin; Hagen, Hans; Hamann, Bernd; Koegler, Wendy; Lauret, Jerome; Meredith, Jeremy; Messmer, Peter; Otoo, Ekow; Perevoztchikov, Victor; Poskanzer, Arthur; Prabhat,; Rubel, Oliver; Shoshani, Arie; Sim, Alexander; Stockinger, Kurt; Weber, Gunther; Zhang, Wei-Ming

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

294

Heterogeneous effects in fast breeder reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heterogeneous effects in fast breeder reactors are examined through development of simple but accurate models for the calculation of a posteriori corrections to a volume-averaged homogeneous representation. Three distinct ...

Gregory, Michael Vladimir

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Theory of Polymer Chains in Poor Solvent: Single-Chain Structure, Solution Thermodynamics and Theta Point  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the language of the Flory chi parameter, we develop a theory that unifies the treatment of the single-chain structure and the solution thermodynamics of polymers in poor solvents. The structure of a globule and its melting thermodynamics is examined using the self-consistent filed theory. Our results show that the chain conformation involves three states prior to the globule-to-coil transition: the fully-collapsed globule, the swollen globule and the molten globule, which are distinguished by the core density and the interfacial thickness. By examining the chain-length dependence of the melting of the swollen globule, we find universal scaling behavior in the chain properties near the Theta point. The information of density profile and free energy of the globule is used in the dilute solution thermodynamics to study the phase equilibrium of polymer solution. Our results show different scaling behavior of the solubility of polymers in the dilute solution compared to the F-H theory, both in the chi dependence and the chain-length dependence. From the perspectives of single chain structure and solution thermodynamics, our results verifies the consistency of the Theta point defined by different criteria in the limit of infinite chain length: the disappearance of the second viral coefficient, the abrupt change in chain size and the critical point in the phase diagram of the polymer solution. Our results show the value of chi at the Theta point is 0.5 (for the case of equal monomer and solvent volume), which coincides with the value predicted from the F-H theory.

Rui Wang; Zhen-Gang Wang

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

296

Fast ignition of inertial confinement fusion targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results of studies on fast ignition of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) targets are reviewed. The aspects of the fast ignition concept, which consists in the separation of the processes of target ignition and compression due to the synchronized action of different energy drivers, are considered. Criteria for the compression ratio and heating rate of a fast ignition target, the energy balance, and the thermonuclear gain are discussed. The results of experimental and theoretical studies of the heating of a compressed target by various types of igniting drivers, namely, beams of fast electrons and light ions produced under the action of a petawatt laser pulse on the target, a heavy-ion beam generated in the accelerator, an X-ray pulse, and a hydrodynamic flow of laser-accelerated matter, are analyzed. Requirements to the igniting-driver parameters that depend on the fast ignition criteria under the conditions of specific target heating mechanisms, as well as possibilities of practical implementation of these requirements, are discussed. The experimental programs of various laboratories and the prospects of practical implementation of fast ignition of ICF targets are reviewed. To date, fast ignition is the most promising method for decreasing the ignition energy and increasing the thermonuclear gain of an ICF plasma. A large number of publications have been devoted to investigations of this method and adjacent problems of the physics of igniting drivers and their interaction with plasma. This review presents results of only some of these studies that, in the author's opinion, allow one to discuss in detail the main physical aspects of the fast ignition concept and understand the current state and prospects of studies in this direction.

Gus'kov, S. Yu., E-mail: guskov@sci.lebedev.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Status of fast-breeder-reactor safety  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current state of knowledge of fast breeder reactors is reviewed. The primary focus on the analysis of postulated accident sequences and the implications to fast-reactor design. The accidents considered include loss-of-collant flow and transient overpower, both with a postulated failure to scram. The associated accident phenomena considered largely relate to the potential for energetic disassembly and include fuel, clad, and coolant motions during the accident sequence, fuel-coolant thermal interactions, and potential recriticality phenomena.

Avery, R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Electromagnetic design considerations for fast acting controllers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic design considerations for fast acting controllers in a power system is introduced and defined. A distinction is made in relation to the more commonly understood system control design necessary for damping electromechanical oscillations using stability programs and eigenanalysis. Electromagnetic eigenanalysis tools have limited availability and are consequently rarely used. Electromagnetic transients programs (emtp) on the other hand are widely used and a procedure for undertaking electromagnetic control design of fast acting controllers in a power system using emtp is presented.

Woodford, D.A. [Manitoba HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Manitoba HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage Industry - Fact Sheet, 2014 Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage...

300

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Essays in Food Demand and Production in Mexico.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Food consumption patterns in Mexico have changed rapidly in recent years, mainly due to the rapid growth in the food industry, a more dynamic international… (more)

Mejia, Maria D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Factors influencing food intake of Hispanic children  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diets of Hispanic children are high in fat and low in fruits and vegetables, which may contribute to their high rates of obesity. Research has revealed that environmental factors, such as household structure, family attitudes towards food and the social context of food messages influence children's food intake. Ethnicity or level of acculturation in Hispanic families may moderate these relationships, but additional research is needed to more fully understand the effects of the process of acculturation on children's diets. More importantly, intervention research is needed to develop and implement programs that may be used to shape public health practice and policies.

Donna Matheson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A toolbox for simulation-based optimization of supply chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a general framework for simulating and optimizing the operational decisions in a supply chain network. We developed a supply chain network library for the simulation software AnyLogic (© XJ Technologies) and a linearized ...

Christian Almeder; Margaretha Preusser

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Distributed simulation for interoperability testing along the supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The need for interoperability of information systems among supply chain partners has been recognized. A number of standards have been or are being developed to ensure interoperability of applications used along the supply chain. An associated need for ...

Sanjay Jain; Frank Riddick; Andreas Craens; Deogratias Kibira

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

SC COLLABORATOR: A SERVICE ORIENTED FRAMEWORK FOR CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY CHAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, service oriented architecture (SOA) with open source technologies is a desirable computing modelSC COLLABORATOR: A SERVICE ORIENTED FRAMEWORK FOR CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY CHAIN COLLABORATION for construction supply chain collaboration and management, through a prototype service oriented system framework

Stanford University

306

Sustainable Supply Chain Network Design: A Multicriteria Perspective Anna Nagurney  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Supply Chain Network Design: A Multicriteria Perspective Anna Nagurney Department West Hartford, Connecticut 06117 August 2009; revised April 2010 International Journal of Sustainable framework for the design of sustainable supply chain networks. We consider a firm that is engaged

Nagurney, Anna

307

Optimum Algorithms for a Model of Direct Chaining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct chaining is a popular and efficient class of hashing algorithms. In this paper we study optimum algorithms among direct chaining methods, under the restrictions that the records in the hash table are not moved after ...

Vitter, Jeffrey Scott; Chen, Wen-Chin

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Global Supply Chain Analysis of U.S. Lamb Promotion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................... 18 Australia Lamb Supply Chain .................................................................................. 19 New Zealand Lamb Supply Chain ........................................................................... 23 The U.S. Sheep... The Australian Wool Industry .................................................................................. 42 The New Zealand Wool Industry ............................................................................. 44 Raw Wool Trade Between Oceania...

Ghosh, Somali

2014-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

309

SKU segmentation strategy for a global retail supply chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The concept of using different supply chain strategies for different products or product families is a fairly simple component of supply chain management. This practice, known as SKU segmentation, is widely used by many ...

Jin, Huiping, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Ising Chain with a Spin Impurity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Consider a closed, linear chain of N localized spins (each s=12) with nearest-neighbor Ising interaction. Such a chain, exposed to a uniform external magnetic field, will be called the pure host. Replace a single spin in the pure host by an impurity spin which is also subjected to nearest-neighbor Ising interaction and to the external field. The magnitude of the impurity spin, the magnitude of its magnetic moment, and the magnitude and sign of its interaction with the host are allowed to differ from the corresponding values characterizing the host. For the bulk system (N??, for constant linear density of spins), the thermodynamic properties, such as the impurity magnetization, the (position-dependent) magnetization of the impurity-host system and the impurity-host spin correlation functions, are obtained exactly in terms of conventional, tabulated functions. Numerical results are presented for impurity spins of magnitude S=32,52.

H. Falk

1966-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

311

Method for preparation of single chain antibodies  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method for identifying cells expressing a target single chain antibody (scFv) directed against a target antigen from a collection of cells that includes cells that do not express the target scFv, comprising the step of combining the collection of cells with an anti-idiotype directed to an antibody specific for the target antigen and detecting interaction, if any, of the anti-idiotype with the cells, wherein the occurrence of an interaction identifies the cell as one which expresses the target scFv. This invention also provides a method for making a single chain antibody (scFv) directed against an antigen, wherein the selection of clones is made based upon interaction of those clones with an appropriate anti-idiotype, and heretofore inaccessible scFv so made. This invention provides the above methods or any combination thereof. Finally, this invention provides various uses of these methods.

Cheung, Nai-Kong V. (New York, NY); Guo, Hong-fen (New York, NY)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

312

Intelligent supply chain by using prognostic logistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of technological tools in logistics is intended to increase visibility, capacity and control in the supply chain. Decrease of uncertainties due to asymmetric data has been the constant challenge of management. Misdiagnosis of situations and equipment, inaccurate production planning, shrinkage and counterfeiting are some of the consequences of erroneous information. The idea of prognostic logistics is to use real time information and an intelligent system to diagnose and predict early failures and hazardous situations. The automatic capture of information in prognostic logistics has the intent to reduce human errors. Automatic identification technologies enable the creation of a prognostic logistic network where real time information is used to make accurate forecasting, pushing a proactive supply chain instead of a reactive one.

Adriana M. Lopez De La Cruz; Hans P.M. Veeke; Gabriel Lodewijks

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Monopole-Antimonopole Chains and Vortex Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider static axially symmetric solutions of SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory. The simplest such solutions represent monopoles, multimonopoles and monopole-antimonopole pairs. In general such solutions are characterized by two integers, the winding number m of their polar angle, and the winding number n of their azimuthal angle. For solutions with n=1 and n=2, the Higgs field vanishes at m isolated points along the symmetry axis, which are associated with the locations of m monopoles and antimonopoles of charge n. These solutions represent chains of m monopoles and antimonopoles in static equilibrium. For larger values of n, totally different configurations arise, where the Higgs field vanishes on one or more rings, centered around the symmetry axis. We discuss the properties of such monopole-antimonopole chains and vortex rings, in particular their energies and magnetic dipole moments, and we study the influence of a finite Higgs self-coupling constant on these solutions.

Burkhard Kleihaus; Jutta Kunz; Yasha Shnir

2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

314

Selecting the supply chain route: environmental aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the general concern over the state of nature, environmental issues are of more significance in supply chains than previously. The routing of transportation chains is typically based on economic factors at the expense of ecological factors. The environmental impact and risks attributable to transportation are often not understood, and therefore taking them into account is challenging. In this paper we discuss the environmental effects and risks related to freight transportation, and suggest a method for assessing environmental factors in route selection. We applied the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in considering the greener option in road and railway transportation, a combination yielding alternative routings that cause minimum environmental damage and risk in the case under investigation.

Jyri Vilko; Hanna Alve; Risto Soukka; Jukka Hallikas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Assessing the knowledge, attitudes and practices of street food vendors in the City of Johannesburg regarding food hygiene and safety .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study is aimed to assess the extent of street food vendor information and education on food safety. Aim: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and… (more)

Campbell, Penelope Tracy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Anisotropic Diffusion of Polyelectrolyte Chains within Multi-layer Films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We found diffusion of polyelectrolyte chains within multilayer films to be highly anisotropic, with the preferential chain motion parallel to the substrate. The degree of anisotropy was quantified by a combination of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching and neutron reflectometry, probing chain diffusion in directions parallel and perpendicular to the substrate, respectively. Chain mobility was controlled by ionic strength of annealing solutions and steric hindrance to ionic pairing of interacting polyelectrolytes.

Xu, Li [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey; Kozlovskaya, Veronika [University of Alabama, Birmingham; Kharlampieva, Eugenia [University of Alabama, Birmingham; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Sukhishvili, Prof. Svetlana A. [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Software chain testing Jos de Kloe,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ADM-Aeolus Software chain testing Jos de Kloe, L1B PM14 : 2-Sep-2008 #12;L1B-PM14, J. de Kloe, 2 by O. Le Rille) main python script itself (bug fixes, unwanted features) test definitions define additional changes/settings tests may import other tests, and change just one or a few settings. #12;L1B-PM14

Stoffelen, Ad

318

Lesson 5- Fission and Chain Reactions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Lesson Four showed how the nuclei of atoms store energy and how unstable atoms decay and release energy. How do nuclear engineers use this knowledge to help them harness energy to make electricity? The answer lies in being able to start a nuclear chain reaction in fuel inside a nuclear power plant and keep it going. This lesson examines nuclear reactions called fission as well as how uranium is processed from ore to fuel.

319

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need November 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Volunteers from West Valley Demonstration Project gather before distributing items collected in an annual food drive. Volunteers from West Valley Demonstration Project gather before distributing items collected in an annual food drive. Volunteer John Schelble helps unload a delivery truck at a food pantry. Volunteer John Schelble helps unload a delivery truck at a food pantry. John Rizzo passes canned food to John Rendall to deliver to a food pantry. John Rizzo passes canned food to John Rendall to deliver to a food pantry.

320

Collaborate - Food Community | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collaborate - Food Community Collaborate - Food Community Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture Collaborate This Food, Agriculture, and Rural Community establishes a unified point of access to data and statistics, and tools to identify relevant data sets. Providing researchers and other users of data and statistics with authoritative, high quality sources will realize greater benefits from public research, help to coordinate effort and reduce duplication in scientific investigation, and reveal new connections for innovative uses. It is hoped that this community will foster the development of new applications and tools to improve agricultural production, human health and nutrition, environmental benefits, and global food security and poverty

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Mathematics: Food, Soil, Water, Air, Free Speech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, you should take note that it has an "Achilles heel;" it runs on fossil fuel. Fossil fuel supplies anything to do with health or disease, there is a definite pattern that has come to dominate the "food

Russo, Bernard

322

Mycotoxins in Feed and Food Crops.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" , , ,., ":i: : ?. MYCOTOXINS IN FEED fu~D FOOD CROPS Prepared by James M. Armstrong, Extension Project Leader in Veterinary Medicine and Veterinarian (Livestock Health) John E. Bremer, Extension Agronomist Dennis B. Herd, Extension Beef Cattle...

Armstrong, James M.; Herb, Dennis B.; Bremer, John E.; Horne, C. Wendell; Thomas, William B.; Thornberry, Fred D.; Tripp, Leland D.; White, Thomas H.; Withers, Richard E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Resonance energy transport in an oscillator chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate energy transfer and localization in a linear time-invariant oscillator chain weakly coupled to a forced nonlinear actuator. Two types of perturbation are studied: (1) harmonic forcing with a constant frequency is applied to the actuator (the Duffing oscillator) with slowly changing parameters; (2) harmonic forcing with a slowly increasing frequency is applied to the nonlinear actuator with constant parameters. In both cases, stiffness of linear oscillators as well as linear coupling remains constant, and the system is initially engaged in resonance. The parameters of the systems and forcing are chosen to guarantee autoresonance (AR) with gradually increasing energy in the nonlinear actuator. As this paper demonstrates, forcing with constant frequency generates oscillations with growing energy in the linear chain but in the system excited by forcing with slowly time-dependent frequency energy remains localized on the nonlinear actuator whilst the response of the linear chain is bounded. This means that the systems that seem to be almost identical exhibit different dynamical behavior caused by their different resonance properties. Numerical examples a good agreement between exact (numerical) solutions and their asymptotic approximations found by the multiple time scales method.

Agnessa Kovaleva

2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

324

Lagrangean Decomposition Algorithm for Supply Chain Redesign of Electric Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lagrangean Decomposition Algorithm for Supply Chain Redesign of Electric Motors Industry Yongheng Redesign of Electric Motors Industry Introduction of the Supply Chain Model 3/22/13 2 Analia Rodriguez #12 Decomposition Algorithm for Supply Chain Redesign of Electric Motors Industry #12;Lagrangean Decomposition

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

325

Securing the Sustainability of Global Medical Nuclear Supply Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Securing the Sustainability of Global Medical Nuclear Supply Chains Through Economic Cost Recovery-17, 2012 University of Massachusetts Amherst Securing the Sustainability of Medical Nuclear Supply Chains-2013. University of Massachusetts Amherst Securing the Sustainability of Medical Nuclear Supply Chains #12;This

Nagurney, Anna

326

Mo Supply Chain for Nuclear Medicine Ladimer S. Nagurney  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 99 Mo Supply Chain for Nuclear Medicine Ladimer S. Nagurney Department of Electrical November 13, 2012 #12;Nuclear Medicine: Meeting Patient Needs with 99 Mo Ladimer S. Nagurney The 99 Mo Supply Chain #12;Background and Motivation Study of Nuclear Medicine Supply Chains is a combination

Nagurney, Anna

327

Design of Sustainable Supply Chains for Sustainable Cities Anna Nagurney  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of Sustainable Supply Chains for Sustainable Cities Anna Nagurney Isenberg School of sustainable supply chains with a focus on cities that captures the frequency of network link operations, which and frequency costs, and meeting demand. Keywords: sustainable cities, supply chains, sustainability, network

Nagurney, Anna

328

Outsourcing ship management: Implications for the logistics chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EA 4272 Outsourcing ship management: Implications for the logistics chain Pierre Cariou* Francois,version1-17May2011 #12;Outsourcing ship management: Implications for the logistics chain Pierre Cariou implications for the logistics chain. Data on 39,925 vessels are used to investigate to the extent to which 4

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

329

On Mitigating Covert Channels in RFID-Enabled Supply Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

covert channels to surreptitiously learn sensitive information about the supply chain of a target that enables a business to monitor its supply chain in a fine-grained manner. We model the supply chain]. These covert channels can surreptitiously reveal item flow patterns, including segregation, assimilation sites

Robins, Gabriel

330

Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Kerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

New Carbon Allotropes with Helical Chains of Complementary Chirality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Carbon Allotropes with Helical Chains of Complementary Chirality Connected by Ethene-type p of carbon in R3m and I41/amd symmetry, respectively, which comprise 3-fold and 4-fold helical chains with complementary chirality. The helical carbon chains are connected by an ethene-type planar p

Wang, Wei Hua

332

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerating markov chain Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

accelerating markov chain Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Structured markov chain solver: MATLAB tool extensions Summary: Structured markov chain solver: MATLAB tool extensions D....

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - automating supply chains Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chemistry ; Engineering 27 Collaboration Software to Reduce Inventory and Increase Response Summary: , Business Intelligence, Supply Chain, Demand Chain, Value Chain, Java,...

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated supply chain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chemistry ; Engineering 27 Collaboration Software to Reduce Inventory and Increase Response Summary: , Business Intelligence, Supply Chain, Demand Chain, Value Chain, Java,...

335

Application of Plasma Focus Device in Fast Industrial Radiography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with application of the plasma focus (PF) devices in fast industrial radiography....

M. A. Tafreshi; M. M. Nasseri; N. Nabipour; D. Rostamifard…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Catalytic fast pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increasing energy demand, especially in the transportation sector, and soaring CO2 emissions necessitate the exploitation of renewable sources of energy. Despite the large variety of new energy Q3 carriers, liquid hydrocarbon still appears to be the most attractive and feasible form of transportation fuel taking into account the energy density, stability and existing infrastructure. Biomass is an abundant, renewable source of energy; however, utilizing it in a cost-effective way is still a substantial challenge. Lignocellulose is composed of three major biopolymers, namely cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. Fast pyrolysis of biomass is recognized as an efficient and feasible process to selectively convert lignocellulose into a liquid fuel—bio-oil. However bio-oil from fast pyrolysis contains a large amount of oxygen, distributed in hundreds of oxygenates. These oxygenates are the cause of many negative properties, such as low heating values, high corrosiveness, high viscosity, and instability; they also greatly Q4 limit the application of bio-oil particularly as transportation fuel. Hydrocarbons derived from biomass are most attractive because of their high energy density and compatibility with the existing infrastructure. Thus, converting lignocellulose into transportation fuels via catalytic fast pyrolysis has attracted much attention. Many studies related to catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass have been published. The main challenge of this process is the development of active and stable catalysts that can deal with a large variety of decomposition intermediates from lignocellulose. This review starts with the current understanding of the chemistry in fast pyrolysis of lignocellulose and focuses on the development of catalysts in catalytic fast pyrolysis. Recent progress in the experimental studies on catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass is also summarized with the emphasis on bio-oil yields and quality.

Liu, Changjun; Wang, Huamin; Karim, Ayman M.; Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

337

Trade My Food | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trade My Food Trade My Food Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Trade My Food Agency/Company /Organization: Boston Cleanweb Hackathon Focus Area: Agriculture, Food Supply Phase: Evaluate Options Resource Type: Application prototype User Interface: Website Website: hackerleague.org/hackathons/boston-cleanweb-hackathon/hacks/trade-my-f Country: USA Web Application Link: www.FoodForYouFoodFor.Me Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Cleanweb Hackathon, Boston, Community Generated UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 42.3490737°, -71.0481764° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3490737,"lon":-71.0481764,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

338

FastRWeb: Fast Interactive Web Framework for Data Mining Using R  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FastRWeb: Fast Interactive Web Framework for Data Mining Using R Simon Urbanek AT&T Labs hand the World Wide Web (the Web) infrastructure represents a technology for wide deployment and high on the Web. R has seen a slower adoption in this area mainly due to the lack of high-level web support

Gerkmann, Ralf

339

The physics of fast Z pinches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spectacular progress made during the last few years in reaching high energy densities in fast implosions of annular current sheaths (fast Z pinches) opens new possibilities for a broad spectrum of experiments, from x-ray generation to controlled thermonuclear fusion and astrophysics. Presently Z pinches are the most intense laboratory X ray sources (1.8 MJ in 5 ns from a volume 2 mm in diameter and 2 cm tall). Powers in excess of 200 TW have been obtained. This warrants summarizes the present knowledge of physics that governs the behavior of radiating current-carrying plasma in fast Z-pinches. This survey covers essentially all aspects of the physics of fast Z pinches: initiation, instabilities of the early stage, magnetic Rayleigh-Taylor instability in the implosion phase, formation of a transient quasi-equilibrium near the stagnation point, and rebound. Considerable attention is paid to the analysis of hydrodynamic instabilities governing the implosion symmetry. Possible ways of mitigating these instabilities are discussed. Non-magnetohydrodynamic effects (anomalous resistivity, generation of particle beams, etc.) are summarized. Various applications of fast Z pinches are briefly described. Scaling laws governing development of more powerful Z pinches are presented. The survey contains 52 figures and nearly 300 references.

Ryutov, D.D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Derzon, M.S.; Matzen, M.K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The Physics of Fast Z Pinches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spectacular progress made during the last few years in reaching high energy densities in fast implosions of annular current sheaths (fast Z pinches) opens new possibilities for a broad spectrum of experiments, from x-ray generation to controlled thermonuclear fusion and astrophysics. Presently Z pinches are the most intense laboratory X ray sources (1.8 MJ in 5 ns from a volume 2 mm in diameter and 2 cm tall). Powers in excess of 200 TW have been obtained. This warrants summarizing the present knowledge of physics that governs the behavior of radiating current-carrying plasma in fast Z pinches. This survey covers essentially all aspects of the physics of fast Z pinches: initiation, instabilities of the early stage, magnetic Rayleigh-Taylor instability in the implosion phase, formation of a transient quasi-equilibrium near the stagnation point, and rebound. Considerable attention is paid to the analysis of hydrodynamic instabilities governing the implosion symmetry. Possible ways of mitigating these instabilities are discussed. Non-magnetohydrodynamic effects (anomalous resistivity, generation of particle beams, etc.) are summarized. Various applications of fast Z pinches are briefly described. Scaling laws governing development of more powerful Z pinches are presented. The survey contains 36 figures and more than 300 references.

RYUTOV,D.D.; DERZON,MARK S.; MATZEN,M. KEITH

1999-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The physics of fast Z pinches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spectacular progress made during the last few years in reaching high energy densities in fast implosions of annular current sheaths (fast Z pinches) opens new possibilities for a broad spectrum of experiments, from x-ray generation to controlled thermonuclear fusion and astrophysics. At present Z pinches are the most intense laboratory x-ray sources (1.8 MJ in 5 ns from a volume 2 mm in diameter and 2 cm tall). Powers in excess of 200 TW have been obtained. This warrants summarizing the present knowledge of physics that governs the behavior of radiating, current-carrying plasma in fast Z pinches. This survey covers essentially all aspects of the physics of fast Z pinches: initiation, instabilities of the early stage, magnetic Rayleigh-Taylor instability in the implosion phase, formation of a transient quasiequilibrium near the stagnation point, and rebound. Considerable attention is paid to the analysis of hydrodynamic instabilities governing the implosion symmetry. Possible ways of mitigating these instabilities are discussed. Nonmagnetohydrodynamic effects (anomalous resistivity, generation of particle beams, etc.) are summarized. Various applications of fast Z pinches are briefly described. Scaling laws governing development of more powerful Z pinches are presented.

D. D. Ryutov; M. S. Derzon; M. K. Matzen

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

REVIEW ARTICLE Transforum system innovation towards sustainable food.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW ARTICLE Transforum system innovation towards sustainable food. A review Arnout R. H. Fischer in the agri-food sector are needed to create a sustainable food supply. Sustainable food supply requires evolutionary rather than revolutionary changes to reshaping institutions. Measuring sustainability is possible

Boyer, Edmond

343

UC SANTA BARBARA POLICY AND PROCEDURE Interim Food Service Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UC SANTA BARBARA POLICY AND PROCEDURE Interim Food Service Policy Contact: Environmental Health & Safety or Housing and Auxiliary Services Supersedes: Food Services Interim Policy 6005, February 2001 Technical Update: June 2010 Pages: 2 Interim Food Service Policy I. Scope The Interim Food Service Policy

Bigelow, Stephen

344

Our Local Story SU Food Services recognizes the positive environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our Local Story SU Food Services recognizes the positive environmental and economic impact comes from local dairies. By buying these local products, Food Services is sup- porting local farmers Paper ­ paper products, food service supplies Madina Halal Meat & Grocery Store ­ Halal foods Mimi

Mather, Patrick T.

345

Analysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Contents List of Publications 7 Abbreviations 9 1 Introduction 11 1.1 Climate change and the foodAnalysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication Elin Röös Faculty of Food. Insights for Consumer Communication. Abstract In Europe, food consumption is responsible

346

Development and Features EatSafe: Modular Portable Food Sensor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The convenience of the EatSafe Sensor allows for this. PRONE TO FOOD-POISONING Seniors, children, pregnant womenDevelopment and Features EatSafe: Modular Portable Food Sensor ECE-Rady Design Competition FOOD INDUSTRY Every year >76 million people become sick from the consumption of contaminated food. PACKAGING

California at San Diego, University of

347

Bisphenol A (BPA) in U.S. Food  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bisphenol A (BPA) in U.S. Food ... This is the first report of BPA in U.S. fresh food, canned food, and food in plastic packaging and found most samples were contaminated with BPA. ... Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used for lining metal cans and in polycarbonate plastics, such as baby bottles. ...

Arnold Schecter; Noor Malik; Darrah Haffner; Sarah Smith; T. Robert Harris; Olaf Paepke; Linda Birnbaum

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Medical Nuclear Supply Chain Design: A Tractable Network Model and Computational  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Medical Nuclear Supply Chain Design: A Tractable Network Model and Computational Approach Anna Medical Nuclear Supply Chain Design #12;Outline Background and Motivation Supply Chain Challenges The Medical Nuclear Supply Chain Network Design Model The Computational Approach Summary and Suggestions

Nagurney, Anna

349

Using Multiple Household Food Inventories to Measure Food Availability in the Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-home assessment included an audio recorded interview on food habits and beliefs. Complete data were collected from all 9 women (32.8 y +/- 6.0; 3 married; 4 +/- 1.6 adults/children in household; 4 SNAP; 6 food insecure) and their households. Weekly grocery...

Sisk, Cheree L.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

350

A pragmatic overview of fast multipole methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of physics problems can be modeled by a set of N elements which have pair-wise interactions with one another. A direct solution technique requires computational effort which is O(N{sup 2}). Fast multipole methods (FMM) have been widely used in recent years to obtain solutions to these problems requiring a computational effort of only 0 (N lnN) or O (N). In this paper we present an overview of several variations of the fast multipole method along with examples of its use in solving a variety of physical problems.

Strickland, J.H.; Baty, R.S.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Fast Quantum Gates for Neutral Atoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose several schemes for implementing a fast two-qubit quantum gate for neutral atoms with the gate operation time much faster than the time scales associated with the external motion of the atoms in the trapping potential. In our example, the large interaction energy required to perform fast gate operations is provided by the dipole-dipole interaction of atoms excited to low-lying Rydberg states in constant electric fields. A detailed analysis of imperfections of the gate operation is given.

D. Jaksch; J. I. Cirac; P. Zoller; S. L. Rolston; R. Côté; M. D. Lukin

2000-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

352

BEAM COUPLING PHENOMENA IN FAST KICKER SYSTEMS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beam coupling phenomena have been observed in most fast kicker systems through out Brookhaven Collider-Accelerator complex. With ever-higher beam intensity, the signature of the beam becomes increasingly recognizable. The beam coupling at high intensity produced additional heat dissipation in high voltage modulator, thyratron grids, thyratron driver circuit sufficient to damage some components, and causes trigger instability. In this paper, we will present our observations, basic coupling mode analysis, relevance to the magnet structures, issues related to the existing high voltage modulators, and considerations of the future design of the fast kicker systems.

ZHANG,W.; AHRENS,L.A.; GLENN,J.; SANDBERG,J.; TSOUPAS,N.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

353

Ising model on a quasiperiodic chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermodynamic properties of a spin system with two different nearest-neighbor interactions which are ordered in a quasiperiodic pattern along a one-dimensional chain are studied. An exact renormalization technique is used which mimics the deflation rule for a quasiperiodic lattice. The system has a phase transition at zero temperature with the usual scaling form of the thermodynamic functions. These functions have corrections to scaling which do not appear in an ordinary system, and there is a spatial dependence in the correlation function.

Yaakov Achiam; T. C. Lubensky; E. W. Marshall

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Supply chain coordination through rebate induced contracts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper three different types of rebate induced contract namely direct-rebate and revenue sharing contract; downward direct rebate contract; direct-rebate and effort sharing contract are proposed for supply chain coordination perspective. Effectiveness and flexibility of proposed contracts under linear and iso-elastic demand are discussed analytically. It is shown that under certain conditions both manufacturer and retailer can gain more profit by means of appropriate coordination contracts. Several important implications are derived analytically to point out relationship among characteristically different contracts. Results are illustrated with numerical examples.

Subrata Saha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Freezing distributed entanglement in spin chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show how to freeze distributed entanglement that has been created from the natural dynamics of spin chain systems. The technique that we propose simply requires single-qubit operations and isolates the entanglement in specific qubits at the ends of branches. Such frozen entanglement provides a useful resource, for example for teleportation or distributed quantum processing. The scheme can be applied to a wide range of systems—including actual spin systems and alternative qubit embodiments in strings of quantum dots, molecules, or atoms.

Irene D’Amico; Brendon W. Lovett; Timothy P. Spiller

2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

356

FAST Spacecraft Reveals Fundamental Plasma Wave Emission NASA's Fast Auroral Snapshot (FAST) Small Explorer has traveled to the source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric fields to create the population inversion in the plasma that drives the instability. Background that parallel electric fields played a minor role for the maser, mainly acting to reduce the density. FAST has demonstrated that the parallel electric fields which accelerate the precipitating electrons to auroral energies

Strangeway, Robert J.

357

Food allergy: Stakeholder perspectives on acceptable risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have reached a point where it is difficult to improve food allergy risk management without an agreement on levels of acceptable risk. This paper presents and discusses the perspectives of the different stakeholders (allergic consumers, health professionals, public authorities and the food industry) on acceptable risk in food allergy. Understanding where these perspectives diverge and even conflict may help develop an approach to define what is acceptable. Uncertainty about food allergy, its consequences and how to manage them is the common denominator of the stakeholders’ views. In patients, uncertainty is caused by the unpredictability of reactions and the concern about whether avoidance strategies will be effective enough. Variability of symptoms and the lack of markers do not allow stratification of patients according to their reactivity, and force health professionals to give the same advice to all patients despite the fact that the risk to each is not identical. Regulators and the food industry struggle with the fact that the lack of management thresholds forces them to make case-by-case decisions in an area of uncertainty with penalties for under- or over-prediction. As zero risk is not a realistic possibility, consensus on acceptable risk will be needed.

Charlotte B. Madsen; René Crevel; Chun-Han Chan; Anthony E.J. Dubois; Audrey DunnGalvin; Bertine M.J. Flokstra-de Blok; M. Hazel Gowland; Sue Hattersley; Jonathan O’B Hourihane; Pia Nűrhede; Sylvia Pfaff; Gene Rowe; Sabine Schnadt; Berber J. Vlieg-Boerstra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Effect of Potassium on Uptake of 137Cs in Food Crops Grown on Coral Soils: Annual Crops at Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1954 a radioactive plume from the thermonuclear device code named BRAVO contaminated the principal residential islands, Eneu and Bikini, of Bikini Atoll (11{sup o} 36 minutes N; 165{sup o} 22 minutes E), now part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. The resulting soil radioactivity diminished greatly over the three decades before the studies discussed below began. By that time the shorter-lived isotopes had all but disappeared, but strontium-90 ({sup 90}Sr), and cesium-137, ({sup 137}Cs) were reduced by only one half-life. Minute amounts of the long-lived isotopes, plutonium-239+240 ({sup 239+240}Pu) and americium-241 ({sup 241}Am), were present in soil, but were found to be inconsequential in the food chain of humans and land animals. Rather, extensive studies demonstrated that the major concern for human health was {sup 137}Cs in the terrestrial food chain (Robison et al., 1983; Robison et al., 1997). The following papers document results from several studies between 1986 and 1997 aimed at minimizing the {sup 137}Cs content of annual food crops. The existing literature on radiocesium in soils and plant uptake is largely a consequence of two events: the worldwide fallout of 1952-58, and the fallout from Chernobyl. The resulting studies have, for the most part, dealt either with soils containing some amount of silicate clays and often with appreciable K, or with the short-term development of plants in nutrient cultures.

Stone, E R; Robinson, W

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Making Fast Start Finance Work | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Fast Start Finance Work Making Fast Start Finance Work Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Making Fast Start Finance Work Agency/Company /Organization: European Climate Foundation Sector: Energy Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials Website: www.project-catalyst.info/images/publications/2010-06-07_project_catal Making Fast Start Finance Work Screenshot References: Making Fast Start Finance Work[1] Logo: Making Fast Start Finance Work This paper aims to provide a fact base on the current sources of Fast Start Finance,including size, composition, and intended use, as well as analysis on the Fast Start Finance priorities and the institutional mechanisms needed to ensure that it delivers real impact. "...This paper aims to provide a fact base on the current sources of Fast

360

Koornwinder polynomials and the XXZ spin chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonsymmetric Koornwinder polynomials are multivariable extensions of nonsymmetric Askey-Wilson polynomials. They naturally arise in the representation theory of (double) affine Hecke algebras. In this paper we discuss how nonsymmetric Koornwinder polynomials naturally arise in the theory of the Heisenberg XXZ spin-$\\frac{1}{2}$ chain with general reflecting boundary conditions. A central role in this story is played by an explicit two-parameter family of spin representations of the two-boundary Temperley-Lieb algebra. These spin representations have three different appearances. Their original definition relates them directly to the XXZ spin chain, in the form of matchmaker representations they relate to Temperley-Lieb loop models in statistical physics, while their realization as principal series representations leads to the link with nonsymmetric Koornwinder polynomials. The nonsymmetric difference Cherednik-Matsuo correspondence allows to construct for special parameter values Laurent-polynomial solutions of the associated reflection quantum KZ equations in terms of nonsymmetric Koornwinder polynomials. We discuss these aspects in detail by revisiting and extending work of De Gier, Kasatani, Nichols, Cherednik, the first author and many others.

Jasper Stokman; Bart Vlaar

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Data Call - Food Community | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Call - Food Community Data Call - Food Community Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture Data Call Understanding food, agriculture, and rural issues is a multidisciplinary effort that incorporates natural resources and land use, biological and physical sciences, international commodity and financial market information, social sciences, human health and nutrition, and many other areas. Relevant data collection and compilation of official statistics occur throughout the U.S. government, not just in agencies with an explicit focus on agriculture. With so many different sources of knowledge and widely felt areas of impact, successful data integration and distribution requires making full use of new approaches and technologies.

362

A.: Accelerating Bitcoin’s Transaction Processing. Fast Money Grows on Trees, Not Chains. Cryptology ePrint Archive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bitcoin is a potentially disruptive new crypto-currency based on a decentralized opensource protocol which is gradually gaining popularity. Perhaps the most important question that will affect Bitcoin’s success, is whether or not it will be able to scale to support the high volume of transactions required from a global currency system. We investigate the restrictions on the rate of transaction processing in Bitcoin as a function of both the bandwidth available to nodes and the network delay, both of which lower the efficiency of Bitcoin’s transaction processing. The security analysis done by Bitcoin’s creator Satoshi Nakamoto [12] assumes that block propagation delays are negligible compared to the time between blocks—an assumption that does not hold when the protocol is required to process transactions at high rates. We improve upon the original analysis and remove this assumption. Using our results, we are able to give bounds on the number of transactions per second the protocol can handle securely. Building on previously published measurements by Decker and Wattenhofer [5], we show these bounds are currently more restrictive by an order of magnitude than the bandwidth needed to stream all transactions. We additionally show how currently planned improvements to the protocol, namely the use of transaction hashes in blocks (instead of complete transaction records), will dramatically alleviate these restrictions. Finally, we present an easily implementable modification to the way Bitcoin constructs its main data structure, the blockchain, that immensely improves security from attackers, especially when the network operates at high rates. This improvement allows for further increases in the number of transactions processed per second. We show that with our proposed modification, significant speedups can be gained in confirmation time of transactions as well. The block generation rate can be securely increased to more than one block per second – a 600 fold speedup compared to today’s rate, while still allowing the network to processes many transactions per second. 1

Yonatan Sompolinsky; Aviv Zohar

363

ENHANCED LOSS OF FAST IONS DURING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America in a large increase in the fast ion loss rate and heats the lost particles to several megaelectronvolts. The lost ions are observed at the passing-trapped boundary and appear to be either DD fusion produced

364

Stanford Radiology LPCH Fast Pediatric MRI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stanford Radiology LPCH Fast Pediatric MRI Shreyas Vasanawala, MD/PhD Stanford University Lucile Radiology LPCH Thank you Par Lab Briefer, lighter, safer anesthesia for pediatric MRI #12; practice #12;Stanford Radiology LPCH #12;Stanford Radiology LPCH Current Solution INVASIVE LIMITS ACCESS

California at Berkeley, University of

365

Fast Globally Convergent Reconstruction in Emission Tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

considerable speedup by using only a subset of the projection data per sub- iteration. However, OSEM1 Fast Globally Convergent Reconstruction in Emission Tomography Using COSEM, an Incremental EM globally convergent incremental EM algorithms for reconstruction in emission tomography, COSEM- ML

Rangarajan, Anand

366

Vitamin A Content of Foods and Feeds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBRARY, A & 341 CUL ,A%lBU TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERI~~N I *SI A I I A. R. CONNER, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS BULLETIN NO. 477 JULY, 1933 DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY Vitamin A Content of Foods and Feeds AGRICULTURAL... required by animals and man 28 Vitamin A in some feeds for animals 29 Summary 30 References .......................... --- 31 BULLETIN NO. 477 July, 1933 VITAMIN A CONTENT OF FOODS AND FEEDS By G. S. FRAPS AND RAY TREICHLER The importance of small...

Treichler, Ray; Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1933-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Capability Brief_Supply Chain Analysis.pub  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chain Analysis Chain Analysis Center for Transportation Analysis 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Knoxville, TN 37932 For more information please contact: Diane Davidson (865) 946-1475 davidsond@ornl.gov Capabilities Brief Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies O RNL has a staff with extensive experience in supply chain analysis and automated support for supply chain systems. ORNL's Capabilities  Optimization modeling for supply chain systems, including:  Facility number and location analysis,  Distribution network configuration,

368

Supply Chain Landing Page - Be a champion | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Landing Page - Be a champion Landing Page - Be a champion Sustainable Supply Chains Submissions Let's Talk About Sustainable Supply Chain You are here Data.gov » Communities » Sustainable Supply Chain Be a champion The Sustainable Supply Chain Community of Practice seeks champions from industry, academia and non-profits to lead each of the community market sectors. Do you know or are you a member of a leading edge organization that is implementing sustainable supply chain practices within one of the seven current community market sectors? If yes, nominate the organization as a Champion. Sustainable supply chain practices lead to cost savings, risk mitigation, increased competitiveness and innovation and an organization providing such leadership deserves to be recognized! Click here for a description of Champion activities.

369

Protein-Folding Landscapes in Multi-Chain Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computational studies of proteins have significantly improved our understanding of protein folding. These studies are normally carried out using chains in isolation. However, in many systems of practical interest, proteins fold in the presence of other molecules. To obtain insight into folding in such situations, we compare the thermodynamics of folding for a Miyazawa-Jernigan model 64-mer in isolation to results obtained in the presence of additional chains. The melting temperature falls as the chain concentration increases. In multi-chain systems, free-energy landscapes for folding show an increased preference for misfolded states. Misfolding is accompanied by an increase in inter-protein interactions; however, near the folding temperature, the transition from folded chains to misfolded and associated chains isentropically driven. A majority of the most probable inter-protein contacts are also native contacts, suggesting that native topology plays a role in early stages of aggregation.

Cellmer, Troy; Bratko, Dusan; Prausnitz, John M.; Blanch, Harvey

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

370

Lifting -- A Nonreversible Markov Chain Monte Carlo Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithms are invaluable numerical tools for exploring stationary properties of physical systems -- in particular when direct sampling is not feasible. They are widely used in many areas of physics and other sciences. Most common implementations are done with reversible Markov chains -- Markov chains that obey detailed balance. Reversible Markov chains are sufficient in order for the physical system to relax to equilibrium, but it is not necessary. Here we review several works that use "lifted" or nonreversible Markov chains, which violate detailed balance, yet still converge to the correct stationary distribution (they obey the global balance condition). In certain cases, the acceleration is a square root improvement at most, to the conventional reversible Markov chains. We introduce the problem in a way that makes it accessible to non-specialists. We illustrate the method on several representative examples (sampling on a ring, sampling on a torus, an Ising model on a complete graph...

Vucelja, Marija

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Next Generation Fast RF Interlock Module and ATCA Adapter for ILC High Availability RF Test Station Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High availability interlocks and controls are required for the ILC (International Linear Collider) L-Band high power RF stations. A new F3 (Fast Fault Finder) VME module has been developed to process both fast and slow interlocks using FPGA logic to detect the interlock trip excursions. This combination eliminates the need for separate PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) control of slow interlocks. Modules are chained together to accommodate as many inputs as needed. In the next phase of development the F3's will be ported to the new industry standard ATCA (Advanced Telecom Computing Architecture) crate (shelf) via a specially designed VME adapter module with IPMI (Intelligent Platform Management Interface). The goal is to demonstrate auto-failover and hot-swap for future partially redundant systems.

Larsen, R

2009-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

372

Technology and Organizational Factors in the Notebook Industry Supply Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the speed, efficiency, and precision of inter-organizationalefficiency and effectiveness of the tightly clustered supply chain. That performance is a function of technical and organizational

Foster, William; Cheng, Zhang; Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Analysis of an imperfectly competitive cellulosic biofuel supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We study the strategic behavior in an imperfectly competitive cellulosic biofuel supply chain. An optimization-based supply chain model is used to obtain long-run planning outcomes, based on which we develop market models considering both perfect and imperfect competitions. The equilibrium among stakeholders in the multi-echelon supply chain can be obtained by solving a collection of first-order conditions associated with their profit-maximization problems. For the imperfect competition, the model, additionally, allows firms with significant market share at different segment of the supply chain to exercise market power. We apply the models to an illustrative case study of California.

Yongxi Huang; Yihsu Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Protein-Folding Landscapes in Multi-Chain Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a common approach to studying protein folding in isolationto investigate protein folding in the presence of multipleProtein-Folding Landscapes in Multi-Chain Systems Major

Cellmer, Troy; Bratko, Dusan; Prausnitz, John M.; Blanch, Harvey

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Effect of Temperature, Cations, and Number of Acyl Chains...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(i.e., number of acyl chains), cation type, and temperature influence the phase transition, aggregate structure, and endotoxic activity of Lipid-A. We have applied an...

376

Addressing Biomass Supply Chain Challenges With AFEX™ Technology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Plenary IV: Advances in Bioenergy Feedstocks—From Field to Fuel Addressing Biomass Supply Chain Challenges With AFEX™ Technology Allen Julian, Chief Business Officer, MBI

377

Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies Round...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

companies across the solar energy supply chain and develop PV-specific solutions from non-solar innovations, including: Processing steps that improve throughput, yield, or...

378

Re-architecting the failure analysis supply chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With customer satisfaction and lifecycle product quality becoming a competitive advantage, technology companies are motivated to look beyond their historical focus on forward supply chain management. Operational excellence ...

Hebalkar, Tejaswini

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Energy Department Announces $2 Million to Develop Supply Chain...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Announces 2 Million to Develop Supply Chain, Manufacturing Competitiveness Analysis for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Energy Department Announces 2 Million to Develop...

380

NREL: Wind Research - New Modularization Framework Transforms FAST Wind  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Modularization Framework Transforms FAST Wind Turbine Modeling Tool New Modularization Framework Transforms FAST Wind Turbine Modeling Tool January 3, 2014 The old and new versions of the FAST wind turbine modeling tool are represented in this illustration by boxes. The earlier version of FAST is represented by three boxes aligned in a column on the left side of the illustration. They contain the words AeroDyn, FAST, and Hydrodyn and represent the three modules that worked together to model aerodynamics, hydrodynamics and servo-elastics. Double ended arrows between the boxes indicate interaction between these modules. A large red arrow pointed from the three boxes to a large rectangle in the middle shows how this earlier software evolved into the new FAST Framework. The large rectangular box in the middle contains the words FAST Driver. Seven smaller boxes to the right of the FAST driver represent the new modules that feed into the driver.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Fast neutron Damage Studies on NdFeB Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

used in the SLAC Photon and Neutron Fields”, SLAC-PUB-8517,SLAC-PUB-11219 May2005 Fast Neutron Damage Studies on NdFeBrst mea- surements of fast neutron, stepped doses at the UC

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

New Version of FAST Released | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

controls and electrical drives, and structural dynamics of land-based and offshore fixed-bottom and floating wind turbines. The new version of FAST (FAST v8) offers...

383

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced fast reactor Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ANNULAR FAST REACTOR (3000 MWth) Fuel... and NRE Design Class., "Advances in the Subcritical, Gas-Cooled Fast Transmutation Reactor Concept", Nucl... Cooled, Fast, ... Source:...

384

Intermolecular vibrations and fast relaxations in supercooled ionic liquids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Short-time dynamics of ionic liquids has been investigated by low-frequency Raman spectroscopy (4 < ? < 100 cm?1) within the supercooled liquid range. Raman spectra are reported for ionic liquids with the same anion bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide and different cations: 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium 1-butyl-1-methylpiperidinium trimethylbutylammonium and tributylmethylammonium. It is shown that low-frequency Raman spectroscopy provides similar results as optical Kerr effect (OKE) spectroscopy which has been used to study intermolecular vibrations in ionic liquids. The comparison of ionic liquids containing aromatic and non-aromatic cations identifies the characteristic feature in Raman spectra usually assigned to librational motion of the imidazolium ring. The strength of the fast relaxations (quasi-elastic scattering QES) and the intermolecular vibrational contribution (boson peak) of ionic liquids with non-aromatic cations are significantly lower than imidazolium ionic liquids. A correlation length assigned to the boson peak vibrations was estimated from the frequency of the maximum of the boson peak and experimental data of sound velocity. The correlation length related to the boson peak (?19 Ć) does not change with the length of the alkyl chain in imidazolium cations in contrast to the position of the first-sharp diffraction peak observed in neutron and X-ray scattering measurements of ionic liquids. The rate of change of the QES intensity in the supercooled liquid range is compared with data of excess entropy free volume and mean-squared displacement recently reported for ionic liquids. The temperature dependence of the QES intensity in ionic liquids illustrates relationships between short-time dynamics and long-time structural relaxation that have been proposed for glass-forming liquids.

Mauro C. C. Ribeiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Dual phase multiplex polymerase chain reaction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Highly specific and sensitive methods were developed for multiplex amplification of nucleic acids on supports such as microarrays. Based on a specific primer design, methods include five types of amplification that proceed in a reaction chamber simultaneously. These relate to four types of multiplex amplification of a target DNA on a solid support, directed by forward and reverse complex primers immobilized to the support and a fifth type--pseudo-monoplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of multiple targets in solution, directed by a single pair of unbound universal primers. The addition of the universal primers in the reaction mixture increases the yield over the traditional "bridge" amplification on a solid support by approximately ten times. Methods that provide multitarget amplification and detection of as little as 0.45-4.5.times.10.sup.-12 g (equivalent to 10.sup.2-10.sup.3 genomes) of a bacterial genomic DNA are disclosed.

Pemov, Alexander (Charlottesville, VA); Bavykin, Sergei (Darien, IL)

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Generalised Eisenhart lift of the Toda chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Toda chain of nearest neighbour interacting particles on a line can be described both in terms of geodesic motion on a manifold with one extra dimension, the Eisenhart lift, or in terms of geodesic motion in a symmetric space with several extra dimensions. We examine the relationship between these two realisations and discover that the symmetric space is a generalised, multi-particle Eisenhart lift of the original problem that reduces to the standard Eisenhart lift. Such generalised Eisenhart lift acts as an inverse Kaluza-Klein reduction, promoting coupling constants to momenta in higher dimension. In particular, isometries of the generalised lift metric correspond to energy preserving transformations that mix coordinates and coupling constants. A by-product of the analysis is that the lift of the Toda Lax pair can be used to construct higher rank Killing tensors for both the standard and generalised lift metrics.

Cariglia, Marco, E-mail: marco@iceb.ufop.br [DEFIS, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Campus Morro do Cruzeiro, 35400-000 Ouro Preto, MG (Brazil)] [DEFIS, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Campus Morro do Cruzeiro, 35400-000 Ouro Preto, MG (Brazil); Gibbons, Gary, E-mail: g.w.gibbons@damtp.cam.ac.uk [DAMTP, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)] [DAMTP, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Modulated order in classical magnetoelastic chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the nature of modulated lattice distortions that can occur in a two-dimensional array of classical magnetoelastic chains coupled together by elastic interactions only. The phase diagram for the lattice structure is obtained by numerically minimizing a one-dimensional, temperature-dependent, effective-free-energy functional of the elastic variables. At zero temperature, only phases where the winding number is uniquely defined are found, and the transitions among these phases are suggestive of a complete devil's-staircase behavior. These numerical results are consistent with N. Ishimura's analytic demonstration that such a staircase exists (J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54, 4752 (1985)). At finite temperatures, phases where the winding number is not uniquely defined are found and, in addition, first- and second-order transitions appear. Also of interest are superdegenerate lines where the equilibrium phase is composed of noninteracting solitons of zero energy.

Marchand, M.; Caille, A.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

FOOD SECURITY FUEL INDEPENDENCE These projects represent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOOD SECURITY FUEL INDEPENDENCE These projects represent a huge effort to determine and improve pressing challenges. ASH 1% ASH 1% ASH 1% OTHERS 6% OTHERS 6% OTHERS 6% OIL 2% OIL 10% OIL 20% SUCROSE 45% LIPID CANE Produce and store oil in the stem in place of sugar During photosynthesis, sugarcane

Bashir, Rashid

389

Prevention of Food-Processing Wastes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...beans 99.8 99.8 Corn on the cob 46.0...green beans, and corn on the cob. Tests...starch and glu by new, wet processing of wheat...food exist.) Dry milling and air classification...con-ventional wheat-milling equipment. rom Two...from the conventional wet process and the proposed...

Sam R. Hoover

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Biotechnology in Food Production and Processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...extensive use ofmicrobial metabolism for food preservation...extractability of oil from seeds (51), and pectolytic...processing of meat, cereal, dairy, fruits...substrates such as starch or whey. The so-called...convert pota-to starch into SCP. A Kluyveromyces...crops, particularly cereals, further fundamental...

Dietrich Knorr; Anthony J. Sinskey

1985-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

391

Food: Inside the hothouses of industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and policy-makers realize that they can't meet the food-security challenge without the private sector, which makes up a significant share of the global agricultural research effort (see ... makes up a significant share of the global agricultural research effort (see 'Public vs private'). Monsanto's annual research budget alone is US$1.2 billion, just topping ...

Natasha Gilbert

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

392

FOOD SUSTAINABILITY REPORT QUEEN'S HOSPITALITY SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in these efforts, by establishing sustainability as its third pillar, along with customer service and fiscalFOOD SUSTAINABILITY REPORT QUEEN'S HOSPITALITY SERVICES May 2008 #12;In recent years, a sustainability movement has taken root at Queen's. The impacts of the movement can be seen across campus

Ellis, Randy

393

EPOK Centre for Organic Food and Farming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for researchers,advisors, farmers,decision-makers,industry,sector organisations and students and a hub Productivity in crop production Biodiversity and ecosystem services Food quality and health effects Eko" Knowledge syntheses and fact sheets Exhibitions and lectures Seminars, workshops, conferences

394

Revised March 14, 2011 Master Food Volunteer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demonstrations at farmers' markets, health/wellness fairs, nutrition/healthy cooking workshops and physical product or place of business. In surveying county agents, many activities have been mentioned as potential in doing. Below are some ideas of activities for volunteers: Health fairs Food demonstrations Farmers

Liskiewicz, Maciej

395

ARTISAN/FARMSTEAD CHEESEMAKER FOOD SAFETY WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cheesemakers understand best practices and techniques for pathogen control in their facilities to assure. The workshop will include topics such as GMPs, sanitation, preventative and microbial controls, environmental looking to protect consumers and their businesses through good food safety practices · Extension

Alpay, S. Pamir

396

Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...America's Climate Choices; National Research Council, America’s Climate Choices (National Academies Press, Washington...Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people . Science 327...of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport...66 U.S. Congress, Energy Policy Act of 2005...

Tim Wheeler; Joachim von Braun

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

397

Magnetic Heisenberg-chain/pp-wave correspondence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We find a decoupling limit of planar N=4 super Yang-Mills (SYM) on R x S^3 in which it becomes equivalent to the ferromagnetic XXX_{1/2} Heisenberg spin chain in an external magnetic field. The decoupling limit generalizes the one found in hep-th/0605234 corresponding to the case with zero magnetic field. The presence of the magnetic field is seen to break the degeneracy of the vacuum sector and it has a non-trivial effect on the low energy spectrum. We find a general connection between the Hagedorn temperature of planar N=4 SYM on R x S^3 in the decoupling limit and the thermodynamics of the Heisenberg chain. This is used to study the Hagedorn temperature for small and large value of the effective coupling. We consider the dual decoupling limit of type IIB strings on AdS_5 x S^5. We find a Penrose limit compatible with the decoupling limit that gives a magnetic pp-wave background. The breaking of the symmetry by the magnetic field on the gauge theory side is seen to have a geometric counterpart in the derivation of the Penrose limit. We take the decoupling limit of the pp-wave spectrum and succesfully match the resulting spectrum to the low energy spectrum on the gauge theory side. This enables us to match the Hagedorn temperature of the pp-wave to the Hagedorn temperature of the gauge theory for large effective coupling. This generalizes the results of hep-th/0608115 to the case of non-zero magnetic field.

Troels Harmark; Kristjan R. Kristjansson; Marta Orselli

2006-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

398

Distinguishing Pu Metal From Pu Oxide Using Fast Neutron Counting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a method for simultaneously determining the {alpha}-ratio and k{sub eff} for fissile materials using fast neutrons. Our method is a generalization of the Hage-Cifarrelli method for determining k{sub eff} for fissile assemblies which utilizes the shape of the fast neutron spectrum. In this talk we illustrate the method using Monte Carlo simulations of the fast neutrons generated in PuO{sub 2} to calculate the fast neutron spectrum and Feynman correlations.

Verbeke, J M; Chapline, G F; Nakae, L; Wurtz, R; Sheets, S

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

399

Maximum Fuel Utilization in Advanced Fast Reactors without Actinides Separation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics Optimization of Breed and Burn Fast Reactor Systems.reactors: Fabrication and properties and their optimization.

Heidet, Florent

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Ino-(chain) silicates In this lab you will examine specimens of the inosilicate or chain silicate minerals. You will need to know  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) (Not in lab mineral set) Spodumene LiAl2SiO6 B. Pyroxenoids (single chains, but chains are `twisted

Dundas, Robert G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The bits and bytes of food : study of emerging Internet-based food businesses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As is the trend with a lot of industries, businesses in the food industry are also experiencing a shift towards the online world. This shift is driven by increasing convenience and popularity of doing business over the ...

Mulay, Vishrut

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

The food security challenge of the food-land-water nexus in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two of the key factors that drive agricultural growth and food production in India are access to arable land and utilizable water resources. These are examined with particular reference to their regional varia...

M. Dinesh Kumar; M. V. K. Sivamohan; A. Narayanamoorthy

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Toward an integration of landscape and food web ecology: The dynamics of spatially subsidized food webs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We focus on the implications of movement, landscape variables, and spatial heterogeneity for food web dynamics. Movements of nutrients, detritus, prey, and consumers among habitats are ubiquitous in diverse biomes and can ...

Polis, Gary A.; Anderson, Wendy B.; Holt, Robert D.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Evaluation of the food safety management system in a hospital food service operation toward Listeria monocytogenes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The unique aspects of a hospital environment, such as the multitude of dietary needs and thus the variety of meals to be served and incoming (raw) materials to be used, challenge the development and application of appropriate control and assurance measures to guarantee food safety. Besides, Listeria monocytogenes is considered a risk for most food service operations producing and serving ready-to-eat foods. Therefore the food safety management system of a hospital food service operation has been evaluated toward L. monocytogenes with an extensive questionnaire in the preset of this case study. In addition, 49 samples of food products and 145 environmental samples were taken and analyzed for L. monocytogenes to verify the implemented control measures. From this case study, it becomes clear that incoming (raw) materials, produced final products and their immediate supply to patients/consumers are high risk situations. This was demonstrated by the presence of L. monocytogenes in six incoming (raw) materials (n = 19) and one final product (n = 9). These risky situations are in need to be mitigated by the implementation of proper control measures, e.g. intensified supplier control, low storage temperatures, cleaning and disinfection to control cross-contamination. However major improvements can be made on the hygienic design of equipment and facilities and on the level of the sampling design. In terms of assurance activities, such as setting up a sampling plan, only a basic level was obtained for the validation and verification of their food safety management system. This case study illustrates that the combination of data from the questionnaire together with data of the sampling result in an overview on the performance of the current food safety management system and that major non-compliances and possibilities for improvement in the system can be defined.

E. Lahou; L. Jacxsens; E. Verbunt; M. Uyttendaele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

An overview of fast multipole methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of physics problems may be cast in terms of Hilbert-Schmidt integral equations. In many cases, the integrals tend to be zero over a large portion of the domain of interest. All of the information is contained in compact regions of the domain which renders their use very attractive from the standpoint of efficient numerical computation. Discrete representation of these integrals leads to a system of N elements which have pair-wise interactions with one another. A direct solution technique requires computational effort which is O(N{sup 2}). Fast multipole methods (FMM) have been widely used in recent years to obtain solutions to these problems requiring a computational effort of only O(Nln N) or O(N). In this paper we present an overview of several variations of the fast multipole method along with examples of its use in solving a variety of physical problems.

Strickland, J.H.; Baty, R.S.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Laser-plasma interactions for fast ignition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the electron-driven fast-ignition approach to inertial confinement fusion, petawatt laser pulses are required to generate MeV electrons that deposit several tens of kilojoules in the compressed core of an imploded DT shell. We review recent progress in the understanding of intense laser plasma interactions (LPI) relevant to fast ignition. Increases in computational and modeling capabilities, as well as algorithmic developments have led to enhancement in our ability to perform multi-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations of LPI at relevant scales. We discuss the physics of the interaction in terms of laser absorption fraction, the laser-generated electron spectra, divergence, and their temporal evolution. Scaling with irradiation conditions such as laser intensity are considered, as well as the dependence on plasma parameters. Different numerical modeling approaches and configurations are addressed, providing an overview of the modeling capabilities and limitations. In addition, we discuss the compa...

Kemp, A J; Debayle, A; Johzaki, T; Mori, W B; Patel, P K; Sentoku, Y; Silva, L O

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hot Food Holding Cabinets to someone by E-mail Hot Food Holding Cabinets to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

408

Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security The New Mexico Consortium expects to complete the 27,000 square foot...

409

Distant harvest : the production and price of organic food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organic food is growing in popularity, enjoying a 15 to 20% increase in sales, yearly, since about 1997, according to the Organic Trade Association. Organic produce makes up about 2% of the United States' total food sales ...

Sherburne, Morgan (Morgan L.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment AEC Agricultural Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment AEC Agricultural Economics KEY: # = new course THE ECONOMICS OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE. (3 of agriculture in both a national and international dimension. Students who have completed ECO 201

MacAdam, Keith

411

Power Outage 1.Stop serving food and beverages.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hot food that has been below 140 F for more than 4 hours. 7.Refrigerator tips: Keep refrigerator to the person in charge. 4.Manager or person in charge may need to call 911. Emergency Readiness for Food

412

HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lesson 4 HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light To prepare foods lower in fat Heart Smart? True or False ______ 1. A cholesterol- free product is also fat-free. True or False

413

Poster created by: Syracuse University Food Services cooked Spelt =  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Try M e! Poster created by: Syracuse University Food Services 1 cup of cooked Spelt = 246 calories 100 years. It is sometimes used to feed animals. Spelt was once used as a peasant food as it became

Mather, Patrick T.

414

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory - Finding Iron in Food...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cup A magnet Cereal and magnet What you'll do: Pour some of the food into a Ziploc bag. Seal the bag with as little air in it as possible, then mash the food until you make a...

415

China's food production under water and land limitations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The future availability of the natural resources (water and land) needed for food production is highly uncertain. Evidence shows diminishing natural resources and growing food demand throughout many parts of the world. ...

Hoisungwan, Piyatida

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

The transatlantic rift in genetically modified food policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The regulatory structures underlying United States and European Union policies regarding genetically modified (GM) food and crops are fundamentally different. The US regulates GM foods and crops as end product...

Celina Ramjoué

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

AVTA: Hasdec DC Fast Charging Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the Hasdec DC fast charging system for plug-in electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

418

The Gemini Observatory Fast Turnaround Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gemini's Fast Turnaround program is intended to greatly decrease the time from having an idea to acquiring the supporting data. The scheme will offer monthly proposal submission opportunities, and proposals will be reviewed by the principal investigators or co-investigators of other proposals submitted during the same round. Here, we set out the design of the system and outline the plan for its implementation, leading to the launch of a pilot program at Gemini North in January 2015.

Mason, R E; Kissler-Patig, M; Levenson, N A; Adamson, A; Emmanuel, C; Crabtree, D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Fast pulsed excitation wiggler or undulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast pulsed excitation, electromagnetic undulator or wiggler, employing geometrically alternating substacks of thin laminations of ferromagnetic material, together with a single turn current loop excitation of the composite assembly, of such shape and configuration that intense, spatially alternating, magnetic fields are generated; for use as a pulsed mode undulator or wiggler radiator, for use in a Free Electron Laser (FEL) type radiation source or, for use in an Inverse Free Electron Laser (IFEL) charged particle accelerator.

van Steenbergen, Arie (Shoreham, NY)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A fast indexing algorithm for sparse matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A FAST INDEXING ALGORITHM FOR SPARSE MATRICES A Thesis ALVIN EDWARD NIEDER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas Algal University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1/71 Major Subject... INDEXING ALGORITHM FOR SPARSE MATRICES (December, 1/71) Alvin Edward Nieder B. S. , Texas AEZ University Directed by: Dr. Udo Pooch A sparse matrix is defined to be a matrix con- taining a high proportion of elements that are zeros. Sparse matrices...

Nieder, Alvin Edward

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Theorizing Food Sharing Practices in a Junior High Classroom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shocked” after alleged food poisoning attempt [Televisionfood functions symbolically, and so I also wonder if adolescents who poison

Rice, Mary

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Ebeling: Handbook of Indian Foods and Fibers of Arid America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research has barely begun. Handbook of Indian Foods andeffort was remarkable, and his Handbook should be a standard

Sutton, Mark Q

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

The Certification Information System: Managing Chain-of-Custody  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based Information Interchange #12;Transition To CIS-Based Certification Channel Management Buyer CIS Based LogisticsThe Certification Information System: Managing Chain-of-Custody Lucie K. Ozanne, Ph.D. Senior of chain-of-custody (COC) specifications. COC is a materials management and production exercise. COC

424

Finding Generators for Markov Chains via Empirical Transition Matrices,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finding Generators for Markov Chains via Empirical Transition Matrices, with Applications to Credit of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G3. Internet: jeff@math.toronto.edu. *** Division of Management #12; Finding Generators for Markov Chains via Empirical Transition Matrices, with Applications

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

425

Finding Generators for Markov Chains via Empirical Transition Matrices,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finding Generators for Markov Chains via Empirical Transition Matrices, with Applications to Credit, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G3. Internet: jeff@math.toronto.edu. *** Division of Management, University;Finding Generators for Markov Chains via Empirical Transition Matrices, with Applications to Credit

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

426

Dynamic Traffic Assignment Incorporating Commuters’ Trip Chaining Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DYNAMIC TRAFFIC ASSIGNMENT INCORPORATING COMMUTERS’ TRIP CHAINING BEHAVIOR A Thesis by WEN WANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2011 Major Subject: Civil Engineering Dynamic Traffic Assignment Incorporating Commuters’ Trip Chaining Behavior Copyright 2011 Wen Wang DYNAMIC TRAFFIC ASSIGNMENT...

Wang, Wen

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

427

Lattice chain models for ane buildings of classical type  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lattice chain models for aĂ?ne buildings of classical type Peter Abramenko #3; y and Gabriele Nebe z Abstract. A concrete lattice chain model for the buildings of the classical groups over non archimedean of this type is the model of the aĂ?ne building associated to SL n (D), where we denote by D a discretely

Bielefeld, University of

428

Chaining, Referral, Subscription, Leasing: New Mechanisms in Distributed Query Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chaining, Referral, Subscription, Leasing: New Mechanisms in Distributed Query Optimization Arnaud, exploit!) a rich variety of information ow mechanisms like chaining, referral, proxying, brokering referral (following [33]), is when a site A ships a query to a site B and may get back, instead

Pennsylvania, University of

429

Dynamic Roughening and Fluctuations of Dipolar Chains Renaud Toussaint,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Roughening and Fluctuations of Dipolar Chains Renaud Toussaint,1 Geir Helgesen,2 and Eirik that will roughen due to Brownian motion when the magnetic field is decreased. We study this process through roughening of an initially straight chain which is parallel to the glass plates, and much longer than

Toussaint, Renaud

430

"Green" Supply Chains: Using Information Integration for Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Loss of (primary) rain-forests is a major problem for biodiversity [7], water supply and the world"Green" Supply Chains: Using Information Integration for Sustainable Development Alexander Schatten, an approach is introduced that covers the whole supply chain. The core idea is that end-to-end transparency

431

Lean Supply Chain Management Value Stream Mapping & Logistics Costs Tracking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lean Supply Chain Management Value Stream Mapping & Logistics Costs Tracking Supply Chain (physical, informational, financial) in order to have better insight on the logistics costs and the transit Stream Mapping method. The analysis is mainly focused on the global logistics and the production planning

Dalang, Robert C.

432

Susceptibility of Synthetic Long-Chain Alkylbenzenes to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Susceptibility of Synthetic Long-Chain Alkylbenzenes to Degradation in Reducing Marine Sediments R Sunrise Valley Drive, Reston, Virginia 20192 Received April 24, 2008. Revised manuscript received June 24, 2008. Accepted July 02, 2008. Long-chain alkylbenzenes (LCABs) synthesized for production

433

Radiolabeled dimethyl branched long chain fatty acid for heart imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radiolabeled long chain fatty acid for heart imaging that has dimethyl branching at one of the carbons of the chain which inhibits the extent to which oxidation can occur. The closer to the carboxyl the branching is positioned, the more limited the oxidation, thereby resulting in prolonged retention of the radiolabeled compound in the heart.

Knapp, Jr., Furn F. (Oak Ridge, TN); Goodman, Mark M. (Knoxville, TN); Kirsch, Gilbert (Woippy, FR)

1988-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

434

Quantifier elimination by cylindrical algebraic decomposition based on regular chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quantifier elimination algorithm by cylindrical algebraic decomposition based on regular chains is presented. The main idea is to refine a complex cylindrical tree until the signs of polynomials appearing in the tree are sufficient to distinguish the ... Keywords: cylindrical algebraic decomposition, quantifier elimination, regular chains, triangular decomposition

Changbo Chen; Marc Moreno Maza

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Confinement dynamics of a semiflexible chain inside nano-spheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the conformations of a semiflexible chain, confined in nano-scaled spherical cavities, under two distinct processes of confinement. Radial contraction and packaging are employed as two confining procedures. The former method is performed by gradually decreasing the diameter of a spherical shell which envelopes a confined chain. The latter procedure is carried out by injecting the chain inside a spherical shell through a hole on the shell surface. The chain is modeled with a rigid body molecular dynamics simulation and its parameters are adjusted to DNA base-pair elasticity. Directional order parameter is employed to analyze and compare the confined chain and the conformations of the chain for two different sizes of the spheres are studied in both procedures. It is shown that for the confined chains in the sphere sizes of our study, they appear in spiral or tennis-ball structures, and the tennis-ball structure is more likely to be observed in more compact confinements. Our results also show that the dynamical procedure of confinement and the rate of the confinement are influential parameters of the structure of the chain inside spherical cavities.

Arman Fathizadeh; Maziar Heidari; Behrouz Eslami-Mossallam; Mohammad Reza Ejtehadi

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

436

Vacancy Chains Provide Aggregate Benefits To Coenobita clypeatus Hermit Crabs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vacancy Chains Provide Aggregate Benefits To Coenobita clypeatus Hermit Crabs Sara M. Lewis-dwelling clownfish and cavity-nesting birds. Vacancy chain theory was developed in social sci- ence research to describe how vacancies involving discrete, reusable resources such as apartments or jobs will propagate

Lewis, Sara

437

Random Generation of Deterministic Acyclic Automata Using Markov Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Random Generation of Deterministic Acyclic Automata Using Markov Chains Vincent Carnino and Sven De@etudiant.univ-mlv.fr,defelic@univ-mlv.fr Abstract. In this article we propose an algorithm, based on Markov chain techniques, to generate random to generate minimal acyclic automata with n states almost uniformly. 1 Introduction In language theory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

438

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food March 2011 Page 1 of 2 House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee: Sustainable Food Inquiry Response by the Wellcome Trust March 2011 solutions for the production of healthy and sustainable food. As a research funder dedicated to improving

Rambaut, Andrew

439

Food Consumption by Sea Lions: Existing Data and Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Consumption by Sea Lions: Existing Data and Techniques Arliss J. Winship, Andrea M.J. Hunter on the quantity of food consumed by sea lions in captivity, and examined how consumption varied by species, body ranges of estimates of food consumption for sea lions that can be used in various modeling strategies

440

Temperature alters food web body-size structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ecology 1001 60 69 Temperature alters food web body-size structure Jean P. Gibert John...The consequences of these effects for food web structure are unclear because the relationships between temperature and aspects of food web structure such as predator-prey body-size...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Infectious disease agents mediate interaction in food webs and ecosystems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...disease agents mediate interaction in food webs and ecosystems Sanja Selakovic 1 Peter...Netherlands Infectious agents are part of food webs and ecosystems via the relationship with...interactions, infectious agents influence food webs in terms of structure, functioning and...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Relevance of evolutionary history for food web structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Relevance of evolutionary history for food web structure Anna Eklof 1 * Matthew R. Helmus...challenges of ecology. Simple models for food web structure aim at disentangling the complexity...classification-provides valuable information on food web structure. In doing so, we measure which...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Genetic variation, predator–prey interactions and food web structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predator-prey interactions and food web structure Jordi Moya-Larano 1 2 * * jordi...Canada De San Urbano, Almeria, Spain Food webs are networks of species that feed on each...phenotypic and genetic variation plays in food web structure is largely unknown. Here, I...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The Croonian Lecture 2004 Risk: food, fact and fantasy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...King's Fund. Hastings, G , Stead, M, McDermott, L, Forsyth, A, MacKintosh, A.M, Rayner, M, Godfrey, C, Caraher, M, Angus, KReview of research on the effects of food promotion to children. In Food Standards Agency 2003London:Food...

John R Krebs

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

ForPeerReview The Biopolitics of Food Provisioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ForPeerReview The Biopolitics of Food Provisioning Journal: Transactions of the Institute geopolitics Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers #12;ForPeerReview The Biopolitics of Food the question of food provisioning in Europe's colonies where in fact the drive to eliminate non-market access

446

Dimensionality of the USDA Food Security Index Amy G. Froelich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dimensionality of the USDA Food Security Index Amy G. Froelich Helen H. Jensen Iowa State University DRAFT: November 21, 2002 Report prepared under USDA Economic Research Service cooperative the first Food Security Supplement (Module) designed to measure the amount of food insecurity and hunger

Froelich, Amy G.

447

FOOD GUIDELINES --WEEKLY STUDENT ORGANIZATION MEETING ONLY January 31, 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR PERISHABLE AND NON-PERISHABLE FOOD AND BEVERAGES Service or sale of homemade food at weekly meetingsFOOD GUIDELINES -- WEEKLY STUDENT ORGANIZATION MEETING ONLY January 31, 2006 Student Activities and Campus Life Associated Students / Aztec Center Meeting Services Environmental Health & Safety Dept Aztec

Ponce, V. Miguel

448

Food Service and Pool Sanitation 1.0 Regulatory Authority  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

employees and conduct operational inspections for for all food service sites and operations. 2. Maintain of the program available to affected departments. 2. Conduct routine inspections of food service facilities&S in conducting food service inspections. 6. Ensure all aspects of this program are followed. 7. Perform

de Lijser, Peter

449

CONSUMERS' BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS FOOD SAFETY: A LITTERATURE REVIEW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

standards and food poisoning (Huang, 2003; Miles et al. 2004). Consumers are also becoming alarmedCONSUMERS' BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS FOOD SAFETY: A LITTERATURE REVIEW Magda Aguiar Fontes Eric Giraud towards food safety: A litterature review. Magda Aguiar Fontes CIISA - Faculdade de Medicina VeterinĂĄria

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

An experimental test of a fundamental food web motif  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Here we have identified a fundamental food web motif, a generalist...structures, it remains that the fundamental unit underlying this hierarchical...motif we studied here, it does importantly suggest that our...Representative food web showing the fundamental food web module of a generalist...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Phylogeny versus body size as determinants of food web structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...versus body size as determinants of food web structure Russell E. Naisbit 1 Rudolf...Changins-Wadenswil, 1260 Nyon, Switzerland. Food webs are the complex networks of trophic interactions...features. However, apparently realistic food webs can be generated by models invoking either...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The spectral irradiance traceability chain at PTB  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectral irradiance is a fundamental radiometric unit. Its application to measurement results requires qualified traceability to basic units of the international system of units (Systeme international d'unites, SI). The Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) is amongst other national metrological institutes (NMIs) responsible for the realization, maintenance and dissemination of various radiometric and photometric units based on and traceable to national standards. The unit of spectral irradiance is realized and represented by a blackbody-radiator as the national primary standard of the PTB. Based on Planck's radiation law, the irradiance is calculated and realized for any wavelength taking into account the exact knowledge of the radiation temperature and the geometrical parameters. Using a double-monochromator-based spectroradiometer system, secondary standard lamps can be calibrated by direct comparison to the blackbody-radiator (substitution method). These secondary standard lamps are then used at the PTB to calibrate standard lamps of customers. The customers themselves use these so-called transfer standards to calibrate their working standard lamps. These working standards are then used to calibrate own spectroradiometers or sources. This rather complex calibration chain is a common procedural method that for the customers generally leads to satisfying measurement results on site. Nevertheless, the standard lamps in use have to fulfill highest requirements concerning stability and reproducibility. Only this allows achieving comparably low transfer measurement uncertainties, which occur at each calibration step. Thus, the PTB is constantly investigating the improvement and further development of transfer standards and measurement methods for various spectral regions. The realization and dissemination of the spectral irradiance using the blackbody-radiator at the PTB is accomplished with worldwide approved minimized measurement uncertainties confirmed by international intercomparisons among NMIs. Ultimately, the spectral irradiance can be realized with expanded measurement uncertainties of far less than 1 % over a wide spectral range. Thus, for customers with high demands on low measurement uncertainties, it is possible to calibrate their working standards directly against the blackbody-radiator, taking into account the higher necessary effort. In special cases it is possible to calibrate the customer's spectroradiometric facilities directly in front of the blackbody-radiator. In the context of the European Metrology Research Project Traceability for surface spectral solar ultraviolet radiation, the traceability chain will be improved and adapted.

Sperfeld, P.; Pape, S.; Nevas, S. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 10, 381160 Braunschweig (Germany)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

453

Building a More Efficient Industrial Supply Chain | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

More Efficient Industrial Supply Chain More Efficient Industrial Supply Chain Building a More Efficient Industrial Supply Chain November 7, 2011 - 3:06pm Addthis This infographic highlights some of the ways businesses can save money at each step of the energy supply chain. Many companies can identify low-cost ways to reduce energy costs in electricity generation, electricity transmission, industrial processes, product delivery, and retail sales. This infographic highlights some of the ways businesses can save money at each step of the energy supply chain. Many companies can identify low-cost ways to reduce energy costs in electricity generation, electricity transmission, industrial processes, product delivery, and retail sales. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

454

Multi-Echelon Supply Chain Design in Natural Gas Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: In this paper, a framework is proposed for integrating of the operational parts of Natural Gas Transmission Systems (NGTSs) through pipelines and better coordination for the flow of natural gas and information in the system. The objective functions of this study are to provide a brief review of literature in natural gas supply chain modeling and to design a multi-echelon Supply Chain for the Natural Gas Transmission Systems (NSTSC). To achieve this, extensive and detailed studies in this field of research have been done. Subsequently, a complete study on the transmission of natural gas through pipelines, as well as the supply chain and its application, has been made in gas industry. Next, based on the operational systems in the natural gas industry, the supply chain levels are developed. These designs are very effective for modeling and optimization of the gas networks. In addition, the developed supply chain helps to reduce the costs of the NGTSs and increase customer satisfaction.

Mehrdad Nikbakht; N. Zulkifli; N. Ismail; S. Sulaiman; Abdolhossein Sadrnia; M. Suleiman

455

Solitary wave trains in granular chains: Experiments, theory and simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The features of solitary waves observed in horizontal monodisperse chain of barely touching beads not only depend on geometrical and material properties of the beads but also on the initial perturbation provided at the edge of the chain. An impact of a large striker on a monodisperse chain, and similarly a sharp decrease of bead radius in a stepped chain, generates a solitary wave train containing many single solitary waves ordered by decreasing amplitudes. We find, by simple analytical arguments, that the unloading of compression force at the chain edge has a nearly exponential decrease. The characteristic time is mainly a function involving the grains' masses and the striker mass. Numerical calculations and experiments corroborate these findings.

Stephane Job; Francisco Melo; Adam Sokolow; Surajit Sen

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

456

Industry Supply Chain Development (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industry Supply Chain Development (Ohio) Industry Supply Chain Development (Ohio) Industry Supply Chain Development (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Transportation Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Ohio Program Type Grant Program Industry Recruitment/Support Loan Program Provider Ohio Development Services Agency Supply Chain Development programs are focused on targeted industries that have significant growth opportunities for Ohio's existing manufacturing sector from emerging energy resources and technologies. The Office of Energy is currently working on developing the supply chains for the wind,

457

HEROICA: an Underground Facility for the Fast Screening of Germanium Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An infrastructure to characterize germanium detectors has been designed and constructed at the HADES Underground Research Laboratory, located in Mol (Belgium). Thanks to the 223m overburden of clay and sand, the muon flux is lowered by four orders of magnitude. This natural shield minimizes the exposure of radio-pure germanium material to cosmic radiation resulting in a significant suppression of cosmogenic activation in the germanium detectors. The project has been strongly motivated by a special production of germanium detectors for the GERDA experiment. GERDA, currently collecting data at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso of INFN, is searching for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge. In the near future, GERDA will increase its mass and sensitivity by adding new Broad Energy Germanium (BEGe) detectors. The production of the BEGe detectors is done at Canberra in Olen (Belgium), located about 30km from the underground test site. Therefore, HADES is used both for storage of the crystals over night, during diode production, and for the characterization measurements. A full quality control chain has been setup and tested on the first seven prototype detectors delivered by the manufacturer at the beginning of 2012. The screening capabilities demonstrate that the installed setup fulfills a fast and complete set of measurements on the diodes and it can be seen as a general test facility for the fast screening of high purity germanium detectors. The results are of major importance for a future massive production and characterization chain of germanium diodes foreseen for a possible next generation 1-tonne double beta decay experiment with 76Ge.

E. Andreotti; A. Garfagnini; W. Maneschg; N. Barros; G. Benato; R. Brugnera; F. Costa; R. Falkenstein; K. K. Guthikonda; A. Hegai; S. Hemmer; M. Hult; K. Jaenner; T. Kihm; B. Lehnert; H. Liao; A. Lubashevskiy; G. Lutter; G. Marissens; L. Modenese; L. Pandola; M. Reissfelder; C. Sada; M. Salathe; C. Schmitt; O. Schulz; B. Schwingenheuer; M. Turcato; C. Ur; K. von Sturm; V. Wagner; J. Westermann

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

458

Food for fuel: The price of ethanol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conversion of corn to ethanol in the US since 2005 has been a major cause of global food price increases during that time and has been shown to be ineffective in achieving US energy independence and reducing environmental impact. We make three key statements to enhance understanding and communication about ethanol production's impact on the food and fuel markets: (1) The amount of corn used to produce the ethanol in a gallon of regular gas would feed a person for a day, (2) The production of ethanol is so energy intensive that it uses only 20% less fossil fuel than gasoline, and (3) The cost of gas made with ethanol is actually higher per mile because ethanol reduces gasoline's energy per gallon.

Albino, Dominic K; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Preservation of food by ionizing radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study is presented in three volumes. Vol. I: Presents a concise description of the philosophy of radiation, protection for people working with irradiation processes, including problems associated with the design and operation of a large facility and solutions to problems encountered. Radiation dosimetry and radiolytic effects in foods are also presented. Vol. II: Effects of radiation on bacteria and viruses are discussed as well as the lethal effect on microorganisms and insects. Also presented are the effects of irradiated food on packaging materials. Vol. III: The effects of radurization on meats, poultry, fish, shellfish, fruits, vegetables, and spices. Also included are the effects of irradiation for the use of shelf-life extension.

Josephson, E.S.; Peterson, M.S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Outline Introduction Literature Review Electric Power Supply Chains Empirical Examples Conclusions An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

primary energy (Energy Information Administration (2000, 2005)) Deregulation Wholesale market Bilateral An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel Market Network Framework: Theoretical Modeling with Empirical review An integrated electric power supply chain and fuel market network framework Empirical case study

Nagurney, Anna

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Introduction Literature Review Supply Chain Network Model Simulation Studies Conclusions Supply Chain Networks with Global Outsourcing and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chain Networks with Global Outsourcing and Quick-Response Production under Demand and Cost Uncertainty Literature review Supply chain network with global outsourcing and quick-response production under demand of Management University of Massachusetts at Amherst INFORMS 2012 Annual Meeting, Nov 13-16, 2011 #12

Nagurney, Anna

462

Introduction Literature Review Supply Chain Network Model Simulation Studies Conclusions Supply Chain Networks with Global Outsourcing and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chain Networks with Global Outsourcing and Quick-Response Production under Demand and Cost Uncertainty Literature review Supply chain network with global outsourcing and quick-response production under demand of Management University of Massachusetts at Amherst INFORMS 2012 Annual Meeting, Oct 14-17, 2012 #12

Nagurney, Anna

463

Introduction Literature Review Supply Chain Network Model Simulation Studies Conclusions Supply Chain Networks with Global Outsourcing and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chain Networks with Global Outsourcing and Quick-Response Production under Demand and Cost Uncertainty of Management University of Massachusetts at Amherst DSI 2012 Annual Meeting, Nov 17-20, 2012 San Francisco, CA Introduction Literature review Supply chain network with global outsourcing and quick-response production under

Nagurney, Anna

464

Integrated polymerase chain reaction/electrophoresis instrument  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new approach and instrument for field identification of micro-organisms and DNA fragments using a small and disposable device containing integrated polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enzymatic reaction wells, attached capillary electrophoresis (CE) channels, detectors, and read-out all on/in a small hand-held package. The analysis instrument may be made inexpensively, for example, of plastic, and thus is disposable, which minimizes cross contamination and the potential for false positive identification between samples. In addition, it is designed for multiple users with individual applications. The integrated PCR/CE is manufactured by the PCR well and CE channels are "stamped" into plastic depressions where conductive coatings are made in the wells and ends of the CE microchannels to carry voltage and current to heat the PCR reaction mixtures and simultaneously draw DNA bands up the CE channels. Light is transmitted through the instrument at appropriate points and detects PCR bands and identifies DNA fragments by size (retention time) and quantifies each by the amount of light generated as each phototransistor positioned below each CE channel detects a passing band. The instrument is so compact that at least 100 PCR/CE reactions/analyses can be performed easily on one detection device.

Andresen, Brian D. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Dell, Inc.'s closed loop supply chain for computer assembly plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many authors and researchers cite Dell's supply chain as a model of excellence, yet few look at the entire closed-loop supply chain and the prevalent inventory and logistics techniques that enable this complex process to work. The techniques reviewed ... Keywords: Dell, Inc. closed-loop supply chains, demand management, forward supply chains, modularity, postponement, reverse supply chains, vendor managed inventory

Sameer Kumar; Sarah Craig

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Confronting Water and Food Dilemmas A conference for mee ng the challenges for global water and food security.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Confronting Water and Food Dilemmas A conference for mee ng the challenges for global water University professors, researchers, and graduate students working in the fields of water and food in the area of Water and Food. The conference features a keynote presenta- on by Tony Allan, head

467

Food Applications List | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Food Applications List Food Applications List Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture Apps & Maps This page highlights apps and websites for Food, Agriculture, and Rural community. Showing 1 - 25 of 48 results. Resources sort ascending Type Last Updated On Web Soil Survey Web Soil Survey (WSS) provides soil data and information produced by the National Cooperative Soil Survey. It is operated by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and provides access to the largest natural resource information system in the world. Agriculture 04/28/2013 VegScape This U.S. vegetative crop condition tool provides satellite-based U.S. crop condition vegetation assessment and monitoring web service; provides data exploration and visualization tools; delivers public dissemination of NASS geospatial vegetation condition; and decision support tools providing open quantitative access, interactive visualization, web based data dissemination, and geospatial queries. Agriculture 05/17/2013

468

The Supply Chain Management MBA is one of the strategic concentrations at Rutgers Business School. Simply put, Supply Chain Management is how business  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. of Treasury Praxair Time Warner Tyco International Updata Wachovia Sampling of Supply Chain Courses New

Lin, Xiaodong

469

Assessment of the resource associated with biomethane from food waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper assesses the resource of biomethane produced from food waste at a state level in the EU. The resource is dependent on the quantity of food waste available for anaerobic digestion and the specific methane yield from food waste. The specific method of undertaking biomethane potential (BMP) tests was shown to be crucial. BMP tests were carried out at different scales (5 L and 0.5 L) with different sources of inoculum, for both wet and dried substrate samples. The upper bound BMP results for source segregated canteen food waste gave specific methane yields of between 467 and 529 L CH4 per kg volatile solids added. The higher results were associated with acclimatised inoculum and wet samples of food waste. The potential renewable resource of biomethane from food waste is shown to be equivalent to 2.8% of energy in transport in Ireland; this is significant as it surpasses the resource associated with electrifying 10% of the private car fleet in Ireland, which is currently the preferred option for renewable energy in transport in the country. However for this resource to be realised within the EU, source segregation of food waste must be effected. According to the Animal By-Products Regulations, digestate from source segregated food waste may be applied to agricultural land post anaerobic digestion. Digestate from food waste derived from a mixed waste source may not be applied to agricultural land. Thus biomethane from food waste is predicated on source segregation of food waste.

James D. Browne; Jerry D. Murphy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Wash Hands: Fight Disease-Causing Germs Renee R. Boyer, Extension Specialist, Food Safety, Virginia Tech*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, during, and after preparing food · Before eating food · After using the restroom · After coughing

Liskiewicz, Maciej

471

Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) supply chain collaboration development methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) project during the last five years of work with the U.S. Integrated Textile Complex (retail, apparel, textile, and fiber sectors) has developed an inter-enterprise supply chain collaboration development methodology. The goal of this methodology is to enable a supply chain to work more efficiently and competitively. The outcomes of this methodology include: (1) A definitive description and evaluation of the role of business cultures and supporting business organizational structures in either inhibiting or fostering change to a more competitive supply chain; (2) ``As-Is'' and proposed ``To-Be'' supply chain business process models focusing on information flows and decision-making; and (3) Software tools that enable and support a transition to a more competitive supply chain, which results form a business driven rather than technologically driven approach to software design. This methodology development will continue in FY00 as DAMA engages companies in the soft goods industry in supply chain research and implementation of supply chain collaboration.

PETERSEN,MARJORIE B.; CHAPMAN,LEON D.

2000-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Scattering of Fast Neutrons by Magnesium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Angular distributions for the scattering of fast neutrons by magnesium have been obtained for incident neutron energies of 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 Mev. The results for the elastic scattering have been compared with optical model calculations. The results for the inelastic scattering have been compared with calculations based on Hauser-Feshbach theory, and with direct interaction predictions. Over the range of conditions investigated, compound nucleus formation appears to be the dominant mechanism for the inelastic scattering.

D. B. Thomson; L. Cranberg; J. S. Levin

1962-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Fast-acting valve and uses thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A very fast acting valve capable of producing a very well-defined plug of gas suitable for filling a theta pinch vacuum vessel is given. The valve requires no springs, instead being stopped mainly by a nonlinear force. Thus, the valve is not subject to bouncing; and the ratio of the size of the valve housing to the size of the valve stem is smaller than it would be if springs were needed to stop the valve stem. Furthermore, the valve can be used for thousands of valve firings with no apparent valve damage.

Meyer, James A. (Espanola, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Fast-acting valve and uses thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A very fast acting valve capable of producing a very well-defined plug of gas suitable for filling a theta pinch vacuum vessel is given. The valve requires no springs, instead being stopped mainly by a nonlinear force. Thus, the valve is not subject to bouncing; and the ratio of the size of the valve housing to the size of the valve stem is smaller than it would be if springs were needed to stop the valve stem. Furthermore, the valve can be used for thousands of valve firings with no apparent valve damage.

Meyer, J.A.

1980-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

475

Fast-acting nuclear reactor control device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast-acting nuclear reactor control device for moving and positioning a fety control rod to desired positions within the core of the reactor between a run position in which the safety control rod is outside the reactor core, and a shutdown position in which the rod is fully inserted in the reactor core. The device employs a hydraulic pump/motor, an electric gear motor, and solenoid valve to drive the safety control rod into the reactor core through the entire stroke of the safety control rod. An overrunning clutch allows the safety control rod to freely travel toward a safe position in the event of a partial drive system failure.

Kotlyar, Oleg M. (Idaho Falls, ID); West, Phillip B. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Memory Effect and Fast Spinodal Decomposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the modification of the Cahn-Hilliard equation when a time delay process through a memory function is taken into account. We then study the process of spinodal decomposition in fast phase transitions associated with a conserved order parameter. The introduced memory effect plays an important role to obtain a finite group velocity. Then, we discuss the constraint for the parameters to satisfy causality. The memory effect is seen to affect the dynamics of phase transition at short times and has the effect of delaying, in a significant way, the process of rapid growth of the order parameter that follows a quench into the spinodal region.

T. Koide; G. Krein; Rudnei O. Ramos

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

477

Quantitative study of fluctuation effects by fast lattice Monte Carlo simulations: Compression of grafted homopolymers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using fast lattice Monte Carlo (FLMC) simulations [Q. Wang, Soft Matter 5, 4564 (2009)] and the corresponding lattice self-consistent field (LSCF) calculations, we studied a model system of grafted homopolymers, in both the brush and mushroom regimes, in an explicit solvent compressed by an impenetrable surface. Direct comparisons between FLMC and LSCF results, both of which are based on the same Hamiltonian (thus without any parameter-fitting between them), unambiguously and quantitatively reveal the fluctuations/correlations neglected by the latter. We studied both the structure (including the canonical-ensemble averages of the height and the mean-square end-to-end distances of grafted polymers) and thermodynamics (including the ensemble-averaged reduced energy density and the related internal energy per chain, the differences in the Helmholtz free energy and entropy per chain from the uncompressed state, and the pressure due to compression) of the system. In particular, we generalized the method for calculating pressure in lattice Monte Carlo simulations proposed by Dickman [J. Chem. Phys. 87, 2246 (1987)], and combined it with the Wang-Landau–Optimized Ensemble sampling [S. Trebst, D. A. Huse, and M. Troyer, Phys. Rev. E 70, 046701 (2004)] to efficiently and accurately calculate the free energy difference and the pressure due to compression. While we mainly examined the effects of the degree of compression, the distance between the nearest-neighbor grafting points, the reduced number of chains grafted at each grafting point, and the system fluctuations/correlations in an athermal solvent, the ?-solvent is also considered in some cases.

Zhang, Pengfei; Wang, Qiang, E-mail: q.wang@colostate.edu [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1370 (United States)] [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1370 (United States)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

478

Emission spectrum of the atomic chain excited by channeled particle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic properties of radiation of the atomic chains excited by a channeled particle are considered. Using a very simple two-dimensional model of a crystal lattice we have shown that the main part of this radiation is generated on the frequency of oscillations of a channeled particle between the crystal planes, shifted by the Doppler effect. Spectral and angular distribution and spectral distribution of the radiation of the atomic chain excited by channeled particle were calculated. Emission spectrum of the atomic chain excited by channeled particle was plotted.

Epp, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Using prediction to facilitate patient flow in a health care delivery chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A health care delivery chain is a series of treatment steps through which patients flow. The Emergency Department (ED)/Inpatient Unit (IU) chain is an example chain, common to many hospitals. Recent literature has suggested ...

Peck, Jordan S. (Jordan Shefer)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Factors Influencing Readiness towards Halal Logistics among Food-based Logistics Players in Malaysia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Logistics is part of supply chain which involves many business entities such as suppliers, manufacturers, distributors and retailers. All these entities will work together to acquire raw materials and transform them into final products. Halal logistics is an approach to avoid contamination of perishable, raw materials and food products during transportation or distribution activities. It is also to avoid products missed information and to ensure that Muslim consumers will receive and consume only the Halalan Toyibban products. In Malaysian Standard for Halal Logistics (MS 2400:2010), halal logistics requirements according to Shariah law are including the requirement of logistics providers for transportation, warehousing and retailing. The requirement usually involved from processing to handling, distribution, storage, display, serving, packaging and labeling. There are few concerns regarding the implementation of halal logistics among logistics players. First, there is concern whether these players follow all guidelines and standards for halal logistics. Second, there is concern whether these players segregate their workers and facilities in producing and distributing activities for halal and non-halal products. This study seeks to investigate factors that influence readiness towards halal logistics among food-based logistics players. Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 156 managers representing logistics companies located in Peninsular Malaysia. Factor analysis was carried out to analyze the data obtained from the managers. The results revealed that support from management, enforcement of Halal Assurance System (HAS), environments controls, employee acceptance and company vision to change were the factors that influenced readiness towards halal logistics.

Hazwani Ahmad Tarmizi; Nitty Hirawaty Kamarulzaman; Ismail Abd Latiff; Azmawani Abd Rahman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fast food chain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Fast Shower Simulation in the ATLAS Calorimeter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The time to simulate pp collisions in the ATLAS detector is largely dominated by the showering of electromagnetic particles in the heavy parts of the detector, especially the electromagnetic barrel and endcap calorimeters. Two procedures have been developed to accelerate the processing time of electromagnetic particles in these regions: (1) a fast shower parameterisation and (2) a frozen shower library. Both work by generating the response of the calorimeter to electrons and positrons with Geant 4, and then reintroduce the response into the simulation at runtime. In the fast shower parameterisation technique, a parameterization is tuned to single electrons and used later by simulation. In the frozen shower technique, actual showers from low-energy particles are used in the simulation. Full Geant 4 simulation is used to develop showers down to {approx} 1 GeV, at which point the shower is terminated by substituting a frozen shower. Judicious use of both techniques over the entire electromagnetic portion of the ATLAS calorimeter produces an important improvement of CPU time. We discuss the algorithms and their performance in this paper.

Barberio, E.; /Melbourne U.; Boudreau, J.; /Pittsburgh U.; Butler, B.; /SLAC; Cheung, S.L.; /Toronto U.; Dell'Acqua, A.; /CERN; Di Simone, A.; /CERN; Ehrenfeld, W.; /Hamburg U. /DESY; Gallas, M.V.; /CERN; Glazov, A.; /DESY; Marshall, Z.; /Caltech /Nevis Labs, Columbia U.; Mueller, J.; /Pittsburgh U.; Placakyte, R.; /DESY; Rimoldi, A.; /Pavia U. /INFN, Pavia; Savard, P.; /Toronto U.; Tsulaia, V.; /Pittsburgh U.; Waugh, A.; /Sydney U.; Young, C.C.; /SLAC

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

482

Fast CsI-phoswich detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved phoswich radiation detector used pure CsI crystal and a fast plastic scintillator and a single photomultiplier tube. The plastic is arranged to receive incident radiation, and that which passed through then strikes the CsI crystal. Scintillation light from both the plastic and CsI crystal are applied to the photomultiplier tube, with the light from the plastic passing through the crystal without absorption therein. Electronics are provided for analyzing the output of the photomultiplier tube to discriminate responses due to the plastic and the CsI crystal, through short gate and long gate integration, to produce results which are indicative of the characteristics of the different types of incident radiation, even in the presence of large amounts of radiation. The phoswich detector has excellent timing resolution. The scintillators of the CsI- phoswich were chosen for their fast risetimes, of about 3 ns for NE102A, and 30 ns for the pure CsI. 5 figs.

Langenbrunner, J.R.

1996-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

483

Fast CsI-phoswich detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved phoswich radiation detector used pure CsI crystal and a fast plastic scintillator and a single photomultiplier tube. The plastic is arranged to receive incident radiation, and that which passed through then strikes the CsI crystal. Scintillation light from both the plastic and CsI crystal are applied to the photomultiplier tube, with the light from the plastic passing through the crystal without absorption therein. Electronics are provided for analyzing the output of the photomultiplier tube to discriminate responses due to the plastic and the CsI crystal, through short gate and long gate integration, to produce results which are indicative of the characteristics of the different types of incident radiation, even in the presence of large amounts of radiation. The phoswich detector has excellent timing resolution. The scintillators of the CsI- phoswich were chosen for their fast risetimes, of about 3 ns for NE102A, and 30 ns for the pure CsI.

Langenbrunner, James R. (1024 Osage Cir., Santa Fe, NM 87501)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

MPACT Fast Neutron Multiplicity System Prototype Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document serves as both an FY2103 End-of-Year and End-of-Project report on efforts that resulted in the design of a prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter leveraged upon the findings of previous project efforts. The prototype design includes 32 liquid scintillator detectors with cubic volumes 7.62 cm in dimension configured into 4 stacked rings of 8 detectors. Detector signal collection for the system is handled with a pair of Struck Innovative Systeme 16-channel digitizers controlled by in-house developed software with built-in multiplicity analysis algorithms. Initial testing and familiarization of the currently obtained prototype components is underway, however full prototype construction is required for further optimization. Monte Carlo models of the prototype system were performed to estimate die-away and efficiency values. Analysis of these models resulted in the development of a software package capable of determining the effects of nearest-neighbor rejection methods for elimination of detector cross talk. A parameter study was performed using previously developed analytical methods for the estimation of assay mass variance for use as a figure-of-merit for system performance. A software package was developed to automate these calculations and ensure accuracy. The results of the parameter study show that the prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter design is very nearly optimized under the restraints of the parameter space.

D.L. Chichester; S.A. Pozzi; J.L. Dolan; M.T. Kinlaw; S.J. Thompson; A.C. Kaplan; M. Flaska; A. Enqvist; J.T. Johnson; S.M. Watson

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Flexible Conversion Ratio Fast Reactor Systems Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conceptual designs of lead-cooled and liquid salt-cooled fast flexible conversion ratio reactors were developed. Both concepts have cores reated at 2400 MWt placed in a large-pool-type vessel with dual-free level, which also contains four intermediate heat exchanges coupling a primary coolant to a compact and efficient supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle power conversion system. Decay heat is removed passively using an enhanced Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System and a Passive Secondary Auxiliary Cooling System. The most important findings were that (1) it is feasible to design the lead-cooled and salt-cooled reactor with the flexible conversion ratio (CR) in the range of CR=0 and CR=1 n a manner that achieves inherent reactor shutdown in unprotected accidents, (2) the salt-cooled reactor requires Lithium thermal Expansion Modules to overcme the inherent salt coolant's large positive coolant temperature reactivity coefficient, (3) the preferable salt for fast spectrum high power density cores is NaCl-Kcl-MgCl2 as opposed to fluoride salts due to its better themal-hydraulic and neutronic characteristics, and (4) both reactor, but attain power density 3 times smaller than that of the sodium-cooled reactor.

Neil Todreas; Pavel Hejzlar

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

486

PLUTONIUM METALLIC FUELS FOR FAST REACTORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Early interest in metallic plutonium fuels for fast reactors led to much research on plutonium alloy systems including binary solid solutions with the addition of aluminum, gallium, or zirconium and low-melting eutectic alloys with iron and nickel or cobalt. There was also interest in ternaries of these elements with plutonium and cerium. The solid solution and eutectic alloys have most unusual properties, including negative thermal expansion in some solid-solution alloys and the highest viscosity known for liquid metals in the Pu-Fe system. Although metallic fuels have many potential advantages over ceramic fuels, the early attempts were unsuccessful because these fuels suffered from high swelling rates during burn up and high smearing densities. The liquid metal fuels experienced excessive corrosion. Subsequent work on higher-melting U-PuZr metallic fuels was much more promising. In light of the recent rebirth of interest in fast reactors, we review some of the key properties of the early fuels and discuss the challenges presented by the ternary alloys.

STAN, MARIUS [Los Alamos National Laboratory; HECKER, SIEGFRIED S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

487

T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSLTLS Sessions T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or...

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha -myosin heavy-chain Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the light and heavy chain were determined by DNA sequencing. Crystals were grown... , and bulk solvent correction. The N-terminal two amino acids of the heavy chain,...

489

EERE Announces up to $2M for Clean Energy Supply Chain and Manufacturi...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Clean Energy Supply Chain and Manufacturing Competitiveness Analysis for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies EERE Announces up to 2M for Clean Energy Supply Chain and...

490

Development of a fast position-sensitive laser beam detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the development of a fast position-sensitive laser beam detector. The detector uses a fiber-optic bundle that spatially splits the incident beam, followed by a fast balanced photodetector. The detector is applied to the study of Brownian motion of particles on fast time scales with 1 A spatial resolution. Future applications include the study of molecule motors, protein folding, as well as cellular processes.

Chavez, Isaac; Huang Rongxin; Henderson, Kevin; Florin, Ernst-Ludwig; Raizen, Mark G. [Center for Nonlinear Dynamics and Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Tuesday Webcasts for Industry: Engaging Supply Chains in Energy Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Engaging Supply Engaging Supply Chains in Energy Management April 10, 2012 2 | Advanced Manufacturing Office eere.energy.gov * Overview and Welcome * Engaging Supply Chains in Energy Management - Ron Reising, EUISSCA * 2012 Supplier Sustainability Outreach Program - Eric Battino, PepsiCo * Questions and Answers * Accessing Slides Agenda April 10, 2012 Engaging Supply Chains in Energy Management 4 Current members include 16 of the largest electric utilities in the U.S. Electric Utility Sustainable Supply Chain Alliance Alliance members represent:  Combined revenues of over $100 billion  Over 44 million customers across 27 states  Over $25 billion in non-fuel spend  The Alliance's vision is to lead the electric utility industry in the

492

Identifying Opportunities for Low-Carbon Supply Chains  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Identifying Opportunities for Low-Carbon Supply Chains Identifying Opportunities for Low-Carbon Supply Chains Speaker(s): Eric Masanet Date: April 11, 2011 - 1:30pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Barbara Adams There is growing interest in the development of tools and methods for calculating the supply chain energy and carbon "footprints" associated with products and services. Much of the activity has been in response to "low carbon" product reporting mandates by large global retailers, such as Wal-Mart and Tesco. However, relatively little attention has been paid to the development of models that allow decision makers to assess realistic opportunities for reducing such footprints once they've been established. This presentation will provide an overview of a new supply chain energy use

493

A carbon sensitive supply chain network problem with green procurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faced with growing concerns over the environmental impact of human activities and increasing regulatory pressure, companies are beginning to recognize the importance of greening their supply chains by minimizing carbon ...

Simchi-Levi, David

494

Alternative Value Chains for Biomass Conversion to Chemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Whereas biomass conversion is widely envisioned to proceed via platform molecules that are employed as building blocks to produce chemicals, an alternative value chain is proposed that ... and cost effective rout...

Pierre Gallezot

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Pulling an adsorbed polymer chain off a solid surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thermally assisted detachment of a self-avoiding polymer chain from an adhesive surface by an external force applied to one of the chain ends is investigated. We perform our study in the "fixed height" statistical ensemble where one measures the fluctuating force, exerted by the chain on the last monomer when a chain end is kept fixed at height $h$ over the solid plane at different adsorption strength $\\epsilon$. The phase diagram in the $h - \\epsilon$ plane is calculated both analytically and by Monte Carlo simulations. We demonstrate that in the vicinity of the polymer desorption transition a number of properties like fluctuations and probability distribution of various quantities behave differently, if $h$ rather than $f$ is used as an independent control parameter.

S. Bhattacharya; A. Milchev; V. G. Rostiashvili; T. A. Vilgis

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

496

Measuring environmental and social sustainability in the apparel supply chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Historically, the apparel industry has operated in an unsustainable way. Materials, energy, and other resources are used inefficiently throughout the apparel supply chain, leading to unsustainable levels of waste generation. ...

Agbonkhese, Sophie Elise

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Proof of the chain criterion in Landau theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simplified proof is given for the equivalence between the Landau necessary condition and the chain criterion for the possible symmetry breakings in the Landau theory of phase transitions.

Giuseppe Gaeta

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Lucent SCN : leveraging the fully integrated supply chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(cont.) in the success of Lucent's turnaround and, from the patterns that emerge, a basis for a new holistic framework for designing and leveraging an integrated supply chain is offered. This framework suggests that attaining ...

Scholtz, Duncan M. L. (Duncan Myndert L.), 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Design of Extended Warranties in Supply Chains under Additive Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the design of extended warranties in a supply chain consisting of a manufacturer and an independent retailer. The manufacturer produces a single product and sells it exclusively through the retailer. The extended ...

Li, Kumpeg; Mallik, Suman; Chhajed, Dilip

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Green automotive supply chain for an emerging market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) within the automotive industry is largely based on combining lean manufacturing with mandated supplier adoption of ISO 14001-compliant Environmental Management Systems (EMS). This ...

Fisch, Gene (Gene Joseph)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z