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Sample records for faroe islands fin

  1. Faroe Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbHFarinello Geothermal Power Station JumpFaroe Islands: Energy Resources

  2. Citizen Science on the Faroe Islands in Advance of an Eclipse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Geoff

    2015-01-01

    On 2015 March 20, a total solar eclipse will occur in the North Atlantic, with the Kingdom of Denmark's Faroe Islands and Norway's Svalbard archipelago (formerly Spitzbergen) being the only options for land-based observing. The region is known for wild, unpredictable, and often cloudy conditions, which potentially pose a serious threat for people hoping to view the spectacle. We report on a citizen-science, weather-monitoring project, based in the Faroe Islands, which was conducted in March 2014 - one year prior to the eclipse. The project aimed to promote awareness of the eclipse among the local communities, with the data collected providing a quantitative overview of typical weather conditions that may be expected in 2015. It also allows us to validate the usefulness of short-term weather forecasts, which may be used to increase the probability of observing the eclipse.

  3. ISLANDER

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003251WKSTN00 Genomic Island Identification Software v 1.0  http://bioinformatics.sandia.gov/software 

  4. Effect of flood basalt stratigraphy on the phase of seismic waveforms recorded offshore Faroe Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuler, Juerg; Christie, Philip A. F.; White, Robert S.

    2015-04-20

    large uncertainties were associated with estimating constant phase shifts of the seismic arrivals within the topmost 250 m of the basalt sequences, where complex scattering occurred. Within this interval of the Brugdan I well, a phase-only compensation...

  5. Fin-line horn antenna

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reindel, John (San Diego, CA)

    1990-01-01

    A fin line circuit card containing a fin line slot feeds a dipole antenna ich extends a quarterwave outside the waveguide and provides an energy beam focal point at or near the open end of the waveguide. The dipole antenna thus maintains a wide and nearly constant beamwidth, low VSWR and a circular symmetric radiation pattern for use in electronic warfare direction finding and surveillance applications.

  6. Flow visualisation in inclined louvered fins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T'Joen, C.; De Paepe, M. [Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University-UGent, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Jacobi, A. [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1206 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

    2009-04-15

    In this study the flow within an interrupted fin design, the inclined louvered fin, is investigated experimentally through visualisation. The inclined louvered fin is a hybrid of the offset strip fin and standard louvered fin, aimed at improved performance at low Reynolds numbers for compact heat exchangers. The flow behaviour is studied in six geometrically different configurations over a range of Reynolds numbers and quantified using the concept of 'fin angle alignment factor'. The transition from steady laminar to unsteady flow was studied in detail. The fin geometry had a very large impact on the transitional flow behaviour, especially on vortex shedding. (author)

  7. DEVELOPMENT OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN, FINS AND FIN SUPPORTS, BRANCHIOSTEGAL RAYS, AND SQUAMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEVELOPMENT OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN, FINS AND FIN SUPPORTS, BRANCHIOSTEGAL RAYS, AND SQUAMATION of the vertebral column and the structure of the vertebrae are described in detail. The ribs in Xiphias are unusual of the fins and fin supports and vertebral column to afford com- parisons of Xiphias with other fishes

  8. Heat exchanger with transpired, highly porous fins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kutscher, Charles F. (Golden, CO); Gawlik, Keith (Boulder, CO)

    2002-01-01

    The heat exchanger includes a fin and tube assembly with increased heat transfer surface area positioned within a hollow chamber of a housing to provide effective heat transfer between a gas flowing within the hollow chamber and a fluid flowing in the fin and tube assembly. A fan is included to force a gas, such as air, to flow through the hollow chamber and through the fin and tube assembly. The fin and tube assembly comprises fluid conduits to direct the fluid through the heat exchanger, to prevent mixing with the gas, and to provide a heat transfer surface or pathway between the fluid and the gas. A heat transfer element is provided in the fin and tube assembly to provide extended heat transfer surfaces for the fluid conduits. The heat transfer element is corrugated to form fins between alternating ridges and grooves that define flow channels for directing the gas flow. The fins are fabricated from a thin, heat conductive material containing numerous orifices or pores for transpiring the gas out of the flow channel. The grooves are closed or only partially open so that all or substantially all of the gas is transpired through the fins so that heat is exchanged on the front and back surfaces of the fins and also within the interior of the orifices, thereby significantly increasing the available the heat transfer surface of the heat exchanger. The transpired fins also increase heat transfer effectiveness of the heat exchanger by increasing the heat transfer coefficient by disrupting boundary layer development on the fins and by establishing other beneficial gas flow patterns, all at desirable pressure drops.

  9. Teatro uruguayo hacia el fin del siglo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pignataro Calero, Jorge

    1993-10-01

    este último, así sea en parte, por especificidades señalables; y, en fin, "last but not least," ver si es posible concluir que el cambio de paradigma postulado por Mirza prospera, permitiendo anticipar cómo sorprenderá el año 2000 al teatro uruguayo...

  10. Measurements and Predictions of the Heat Transfer at the Tube-Fin Junction for Louvered Fin Heat Exchangers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thole, Karen A.

    Measurements and Predictions of the Heat Transfer at the Tube-Fin Junction for Louvered Fin Heat Transfer at the Tube-Fin Junction for Louvered Fin Heat Exchangers Abstract The dominant thermal resistance used to increase heat transfer by initiating new boundary layer growth and increasing surface area

  11. Jornadas Luso-Espaolas sobre Aguas Subterrneas en el Sur de la Pennsula Ibrica Faro, 23 al 27 de Junio de 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    Jornadas Luso-Españolas sobre Aguas Subterráneas en el Sur de la Península Ibérica Faro, 23 al 27 de Junio de 2003 Asociación Portuguesa de Recursos Hídricos 1 MONITORIZACIÓN DEL MOVIMIENTO DEL AGUA caracterización del movimiento del agua en estos residuos para estudiar los cambios en sus propiedades físicas

  12. Blue and fin whale acoustics and ecology off Antarctic Peninsula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Širovi?, Ana

    2006-01-01

    for increases in Antarctic blue whales based on BayesianG. , 1962b. The movements of blue and fin whales within theF. G. Wheeler, 1929. Southern blue and fin whales. Discovery

  13. Finned Tube With Vortex Generators For A Heat Exchanger.

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sohal, Manohar S. (Idaho Falls, ID); O'Brien, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2005-12-20

    A system for and method of manufacturing a finned tube for a heat exchanger is disclosed herein. A continuous fin strip is provided with at one pair of vortex generators. A tube is rotated and linearly displaced while the continuous fin strip with vortex generators is spirally wrapped around the tube.

  14. Finned Tube With Vortex Generators For A Heat Exchanger.

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sohal, Monohar S. (Idaho Falls, ID); O'Brien, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2004-09-14

    A system for and method of manufacturing a finned tube for a heat exchanger is disclosed herein. A continuous fin strip is provided with at least one pair of vortex generators. A tube is rotated and linearly displaced while the continuous fin strip with vortex generators is spirally wrapped around the tube.

  15. Gatton College of Business and Economics FIN Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    Gatton College of Business and Economics FIN Finance KEY: # = new course * = course changed =coursedropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 FIN 300 CORPORATION FINANCE. (3 topics related to urban economics, mortgage finance, and real estate valuation. FIN 395 INDIVIDUAL WORK

  16. Ascension Island

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S. Air Force Space Command - Ascension Island Personnel from the Power Systems Engineering Department, in conjunction with the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy, and other partners,...

  17. symposium summary: Island biogeography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triantis, Kostas A.

    2011-01-01

    aspects of the island systems that were not  considered  in variation across island systems.   However,  island  area system  under  study  is  highly  pre? dictable  from  the  pre?extinction  composition  of  communities,  with  island 

  18. US Virgin Islands-Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    US Virgin Islands-Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) Pilot Project Jump to: navigation, search Logo: US Virgin Islands-Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) Pilot...

  19. Wind Fins: Novel Lower-Cost Wind Power System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David C. Morris; Dr. Will D. Swearingen

    2007-10-08

    This project evaluated the technical feasibility of converting energy from the wind with a novel “wind fin” approach. This patent-pending technology has three major components: (1) a mast, (2) a vertical, hinged wind structure or fin, and (3) a power takeoff system. The wing structure responds to the wind with an oscillating motion, generating power. The overall project goal was to determine the basic technical feasibility of the wind fin technology. Specific objectives were the following: (1) to determine the wind energy-conversion performance of the wind fin and the degree to which its performance could be enhanced through basic design improvements; (2) to determine how best to design the wind fin system to survive extreme winds; (3) to determine the cost-effectiveness of the best wind fin designs compared to state-of-the-art wind turbines; and (4) to develop conclusions about the overall technical feasibility of the wind fin system. Project work involved extensive computer modeling, wind-tunnel testing with small models, and testing of bench-scale models in a wind tunnel and outdoors in the wind. This project determined that the wind fin approach is technically feasible and likely to be commercially viable. Project results suggest that this new technology has the potential to harvest wind energy at approximately half the system cost of wind turbines in the 10kW range. Overall, the project demonstrated that the wind fin technology has the potential to increase the economic viability of small wind-power generation. In addition, it has the potential to eliminate lethality to birds and bats, overcome public objections to the aesthetics of wind-power machines, and significantly expand wind-power’s contribution to the national energy supply.

  20. Generating Thrust with a Biologically-Inspired Robotic Ribbon Fin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacIver, Malcolm A.

    Generating Thrust with a Biologically-Inspired Robotic Ribbon Fin Michael Epstein Mechanical Mechanical Engineering Northwestern University Evanston, Illinois, USA colgate@northwestern.edu Malcolm A. MacIver Mechanical Engineering Biomedical Engineering Northwestern University Evanston, Illinois, USA

  1. Preying on the predator : the shark fin controversy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Alexandra H

    2014-01-01

    The consumption of shark fin soup dates back to the Ming Dynasty in China, when it was served to emperors. Today, the cultural delicacy represents wealth, status, and power. Over the past 30 years, with the rising middle ...

  2. Island Energy Snapshots

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    These energy snapshots highlight the energy landscape of islands in the Caribbean and the surrounding area.

  3. Pacific Island Energy Snapshots

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These energy snapshots highlight the energy landscape of islands in the Pacific and the surrounding area.

  4. Caribbean Island Energy Snapshots

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    These energy snapshots highlight the energy landscape of islands in the Caribbean and the surrounding area.

  5. Fouling of HVAC fin and tube heat exchangers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siegel, Jeffrey; Carey, Van P.

    2001-07-01

    Fin and tube heat exchangers are used widely in residential, commercial and industrial HVAC applications. Invariably, indoor and outdoor air contaminants foul these heat exchangers. This fouling can cause decreased capacity and efficiency of the HVAC equipment as well as indoor air quality problems related to microbiological growth. This paper describes laboratory studies to investigate the mechanisms that cause fouling. The laboratory experiments involve subjecting a 4.7 fins/cm (12 fins/inch) fin and tube heat exchanger to an air stream that contains monodisperse particles. Air velocities ranging from 1.5-5.2 m/s (295 ft/min-1024 ft/min) and particle sizes from 1--8.6 {micro}m are used. The measured fraction of particles that deposit as well as information about the location of the deposited material indicate that particles greater than about 1 {micro}m contribute to fouling. These experimental results are used to validate a scaling analysis that describes the relative importance of several deposition mechanisms including impaction, Brownian diffusion, turbophoresis, thermophoresis, diffusiophoresis, and gravitational settling. The analysis is extended to apply to different fin spacings and particle sizes typical of those found in indoor air.

  6. Integral finned heater and cooler for stirling engines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corey, John A. (North Troy, NY)

    1984-01-01

    A piston and cylinder for a Stirling engine and the like having top and bottom meshing or nesting finned conical surfaces to provide large surface areas in close proximity to the working gas for good thermal (addition and subtraction of heat) exchange to the working gas and elimination of the usual heater and cooler dead volume. The piston fins at the hot end of the cylinder are perforated to permit the gas to pass into the piston interior and through a regenerator contained therein.

  7. Roadmap: Finance Bachelor of Business Administration [BU-BBA-FIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Finance ­ Bachelor of Business Administration [BU-BBA-FIN] College of Business Administration Department of Finance Catalog Year: 2013­2014 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 8-Nov-13/JSK Finance 3 C MIS 34060 Operations Management 3 Kent Core Requirement 3 See Kent Core Summary on page 2

  8. Roadmap: Finance Bachelor of Business Administration [BU-BBA-FIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Finance ­ Bachelor of Business Administration [BU-BBA-FIN] College of Business Administration Department of Finance Catalog Year: 2012­2013 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 30-Aug-12/LNHD Finance 3 C MIS 34060 Operations Management 3 Kent Core Requirement 3 See Kent Core Summary on page 2

  9. Island Energy Snapshots

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These energy snapshots highlight the energy landscape of islands in the Caribbean, the Pacific, and the surrounding area.

  10. Arctic ice islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sackinger, W.M.; Jeffries, M.O.; Lu, M.C.; Li, F.C.

    1988-01-01

    The development of offshore oil and gas resources in the Arctic waters of Alaska requires offshore structures which successfully resist the lateral forces due to moving, drifting ice. Ice islands are floating, a tabular icebergs, up to 60 meters thick, of solid ice throughout their thickness. The ice islands are thus regarded as the strongest ice features in the Arctic; fixed offshore structures which can directly withstand the impact of ice islands are possible but in some locations may be so expensive as to make oilfield development uneconomic. The resolution of the ice island problem requires two research steps: (1) calculation of the probability of interaction between an ice island and an offshore structure in a given region; and (2) if the probability if sufficiently large, then the study of possible interactions between ice island and structure, to discover mitigative measures to deal with the moving ice island. The ice island research conducted during the 1983-1988 interval, which is summarized in this report, was concerned with the first step. Monte Carlo simulations of ice island generation and movement suggest that ice island lifetimes range from 0 to 70 years, and that 85% of the lifetimes are less then 35 years. The simulation shows a mean value of 18 ice islands present at any time in the Arctic Ocean, with a 90% probability of less than 30 ice islands. At this time, approximately 34 ice islands are known, from observations, to exist in the Arctic Ocean, not including the 10-meter thick class of ice islands. Return interval plots from the simulation show that coastal zones of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, already leased for oil development, have ice island recurrences of 10 to 100 years. This implies that the ice island hazard must be considered thoroughly, and appropriate safety measures adopted, when offshore oil production plans are formulated for the Alaskan Arctic offshore. 132 refs., 161 figs., 17 tabs.

  11. 2006 Nature Publishing Group The pectoral fin of Tiktaalik roseae and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bechtold, Jill

    in the fins of fish such as Tiktaalik. A landmark event in vertebrate history is the transformation of fish that the distinctive features of tetrapod limbs are novelties, with few antecedents in fish fins1

  12. Investigation of heat transfer augmentation through use of internally finned and roughened tubes : final summary report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergles A. E.

    1970-01-01

    This report summarizes a three-year program concerned with obtaining basic design information for tubes having a random roughness on the inside wall (RID) and tubing having continuous internal fins (Forge Fin). Test apparatus ...

  13. FISHES OF THE GULF OF MAINE 501 spaces. But its dorsal fin (which extends from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    blennies, and its peculiar profile is an equally useful field mark, the head being flat- topped, the eyes, as is the fact that both the dorsal fin and the anal fin are low (less than half as high as the body is deep from head to tail; the top of the head is thickly speckled; the dorsal and anal fins are spotted

  14. Functional regionalization of the pectoral fin of the benthic longhorn sculpin during station holding and swimming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauder, George V.

    between ventral rays as well as thickening and shortening of these rays compared with the dorsal rays. Our. We propose that the pectoral fin is divided into functional as well as morphological regions. The fin contact. For example, pectoral fins aid in digging, burrowing, probing, clinging, crawling, supporting

  15. Doctoral Program in Finance: Curriculum Fall FIN 7935 Finance Research Forum (1 credit hour)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foroosh, Hassan

    Doctoral Program in Finance: Curriculum First Year Fall FIN 7935 Finance Research Forum (1 credit of Finance Spring FIN 7935 Finance Research Forum (1 credit hour) ECO 6424 Econometrics I ECO 7116 Microeconomic Theory II FIN 7807 Seminar in Corporate Finance Attend FCTL Teaching Workshop for Doctoral

  16. Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-47668 Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey FIN AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS Jeffrey Siegel1,2 and Van P. Carey2 1 Lawrence Berkeley National, USA; E-mail: vcarey@euler.me.berkeley.edu ABSTRACT Fin and tube heat exchangers are used widely

  17. Catalina Island Soapstone Manufacture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wlodarski, Robert J

    1979-01-01

    Catalina Island Soapstone Manufacture ROBERT J. WLODARSKIsome artifact of native manufacture. That stone is a "hard"Peabody Museum. Method and Manufacture of Several Articles

  18. Basaltic island sand provenance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsaglia, K.M. . Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1992-01-01

    The Hawaiian Islands are an ideal location to study basaltic sand provenance in that they are a series of progressively older basaltic shield volcanoes with arid to humid microclimates. Sixty-two sand samples were collected from beaches on the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Oahu and Kauai and petrographically analyzed. The major sand components are calcareous bioclasts, volcanic lithic fragments, and monomineralic grains of dense minerals and plagioclase. Proportions of these components vary from island to island, with bioclastic end members being more prevalent on older islands exhibiting well-developed fringing reef systems and volcanic end members more prevalent on younger, volcanically active islands. Climatic variations across the island of Hawaii are reflected in the percentage of weathered detritus, which is greater on the wetter, northern side of the island. The groundmass of glassy, basaltic lithics is predominantly black tachylite, with lesser brown sideromelane; microlitic and lathwork textures are more common than holohyaline vitric textures. Other common basaltic volcanic lithic fragments are holocrystalline aggregates of silt-sized pyroxene or olivine, opaque minerals and plagioclase. Sands derived from alkalic lavas are texturally and compositionally indistinguishable from sands derived from tholeiitic lavas. Although Hawaiian basaltic sands overlap in composition with magmatic arc-derived sands in terms of their relative QFL, QmPK and LmLvLs percentages, they are dissimilar in that they lack felsic components and are more enriched in lathwork volcanic lithic fragments, holocrystalline volcanic lithic fragments, and dense minerals.

  19. Heat transfer augmentation along the tube wall of a louvered fin heat exchanger using practical delta winglets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thole, Karen A.

    acceptable increases in pressure losses. Increases in efficiency allow for louvered fin heat exchang- ersHeat transfer augmentation along the tube wall of a louvered fin heat exchanger using practical surface of louvered fin heat exchangers. It is shown that delta winglets placed on louvered fins produce

  20. Methods and criteria for safety analysis (FIN L2535)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    In response to the NRC request for a proposal dated October 20, 1992, Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) submit this proposal to provide contractural assistance for FIN L2535, ``Methods and Criteria for Safety Analysis,`` as specified in the Statement of Work attached to the request for proposal. The Statement of Work involves development of safety analysis guidance for NRC licensees, arranging a workshop on this guidance, and revising NRC Regulatory Guide 3.52. This response to the request for proposal offers for consideration the following advantages of WSRC in performing this work: Experience, Qualification of Personnel and Resource Commitment, Technical and Organizational Approach, Mobilization Plan, Key Personnel and Resumes. In addition, attached are the following items required by the NRC: Schedule II, Savannah River Site - Job Cost Estimate, NRC Form 189, Project and Budget Proposal for NRC Work, page 1, NRC Form 189, Project and Budget Proposal for NRC Work, page 2, Project Description.

  1. Island Tools and Trainings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Islands can use the tools below to gather data for decision makers and run scenarios on potential energy investments. Tailored trainings provide in-person, onsite guidance and best practices for implementing clean energy solutions.

  2. Island Wide Management Corporation

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    9 1986 Island Wide Management Corporation 3000 Marcus Avenue Lake Success, New York 11042 Dear Sir or Madam: I am sending you this letter and the enclosed information as you have...

  3. Urban Surfaces and Heat Island Mitigation Potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, Hashem

    2008-01-01

    Finster. 2000. “The Urban Heat Island, Photochemical Smog,2001. “EPA/NASA Urban Heat Island Pilot Project,” GlobalSystem Urban Surfaces and Heat Island Mitigation Potentials

  4. book review: Everything changes – especially on islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sfenthourakis, Spyros

    2012-01-01

    forth, affecting different island systems at varying rates.clever choice of islands as model systems for their theoryof insular systems around the globe, they select nine island

  5. Fish Locomotion: Biology and Robotics of Body and Fin-Based Movements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauder, George V.

    Fish Locomotion: Biology and Robotics of Body and Fin-Based Movements George V. Lauder and James L of robotic devices. Fish exhibit an array of complex locomotor designs that involve both diversity utilize both the body and fins. Robotic systems derived from fish templates can range from simple flexible

  6. Effects of winglets to augment tube wall heat transfer in louvered fin heat exchangers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thole, Karen A.

    Abstract The louvered fin heat exchanger, a type of compact heat exchanger, has been used heavilyEffects of winglets to augment tube wall heat transfer in louvered fin heat exchangers Paul A transfer along the tube wall of the compact heat exchanger through the use of winglets placed

  7. INTRODUCTION The caudal fin of fishes has often been viewed by engineers as a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flammang, Brooke

    56 INTRODUCTION The caudal fin of fishes has often been viewed by engineers as a relatively simple propulsive surface that is flapped by fish in a two- dimensional motion that is an extension; Anton et al., 2009). However, in many fishes the caudal fin is used not exclusively for thrust

  8. Scaling of Heat Transfer Coefficients Along Louvered Fins A. C. Lyman1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thole, Karen A.

    1 Scaling of Heat Transfer Coefficients Along Louvered Fins A. C. Lyman1 , R. A. Stephan2 , and K 23681-2199 #12;2 Abstract Louvered fins provide a method for improving the heat transfer performance for evaluating the spatially-resolved louver heat transfer coefficients using various reference temperatures

  9. Boiling heat transfer in a hydrofoil-based micro pin fin heat sink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peles, Yoav

    Boiling heat transfer in a hydrofoil-based micro pin fin heat sink Ali Kosßar, Yoav Peles-based micro pin fin heat sink was investigated. Average two-phase heat transfer coefficients were obtained intermittent and spray-annular flows. Heat transfer coefficient trends and flow morphologies were used to infer

  10. Heat transfer from multiple row arrays of low aspect ratio pin fins Seth A. Lawson a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thole, Karen A.

    Heat transfer from multiple row arrays of low aspect ratio pin fins Seth A. Lawson a, , Alan A 18 March 2011 Available online 5 May 2011 Keywords: Pin fins Heat transfer augmentation Array to enhance heat transfer. In modern gas turbines, for exam- ple, airfoils are designed with sophisticated

  11. Convective Heat Transfer Augmentation by Flexible fins in Laminar Channel Pulsating flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Rakshitha U; Bhardwaj, Rajneesh

    2015-01-01

    Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) of thin flexible fins coupled with convective heat transfer has applications in energy harvesting and in understanding functioning of several biological systems. We numerically investigate FSI of the thin flexible fins involving large-scale flow-induced deformation as a potential heat transfer enhancement technique. An in-house, strongly-coupled fluid-structure interaction (FSI) solver is employed in which flow and structure solvers are based on sharp-interface immersed boundary and finite element method, respectively. We consider twin flexible fins in a heated channel with laminar pulsating cross flow. The vortex ring past the fin sweep higher sources of vorticity generated on the channel walls out into the downstream - promoting the mixing of the fluid. The moving fin assists in convective mixing, augmenting convection in bulk and at the walls; and thereby reducing thermal boundary layer thickness and improving heat transfer at the channel walls. The thermal augmentation is...

  12. A new golden era in island biogeography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez-Palacios, Jose Maria; Kueffer, Christoph; Drake, Donald

    2015-01-01

    Insular woodiness on the Canary Islands: a remarkable caseevery five days in the Canary Islands (Martín Esquivel et

  13. PSEG Long Island- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although PSEG Long Island’s net metering policy is not governed by the State’s net metering law, the provisions are similar to the State law. Net metering is available for residential, non-reside...

  14. Long Island Solar Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anders, R.

    2013-05-01

    The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a remarkable success story, whereby very different interest groups found a way to capitalize on unusual circumstances to develop a mutually beneficial source of renewable energy. The uniqueness of the circumstances that were necessary to develop the Long Island Solar Farm make it very difficult to replicate. The project is, however, an unparalleled resource for solar energy research, which will greatly inform large-scale PV solar development in the East. Lastly, the LISF is a superb model for the process by which the project developed and the innovation and leadership shown by the different players.

  15. New SRAM Cell Design for Low Power and High Reliability using 32nm Independent Gate FinFET Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayers, Joseph

    gate voltage (VGb). This is similar to the body effect in a bulk transistor. An independent-gate Fin

  16. Cooling system having reduced mass pin fins for components in a gas turbine engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lee, Ching-Pang; Jiang, Nan; Marra, John J

    2014-03-11

    A cooling system having one or more pin fins with reduced mass for a gas turbine engine is disclosed. The cooling system may include one or more first surfaces defining at least a portion of the cooling system. The pin fin may extend from the surface defining the cooling system and may have a noncircular cross-section taken generally parallel to the surface and at least part of an outer surface of the cross-section forms at least a quartercircle. A downstream side of the pin fin may have a cavity to reduce mass, thereby creating a more efficient turbine airfoil.

  17. Ballistic electron transport calculation of strained germanium-tin fin field-effect transistors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lan, H.-S.; Liu, C. W.

    2014-05-12

    The dependence of ballistic electron current on Sn content, sidewall orientations, fin width, and uniaxial stress is theoretically studied for the GeSn fin field-effect transistors. Alloying Sn increases the direct ? valley occupancy and enhances the injection velocity at virtual source node. (112{sup ¯}) sidewall gives the highest current enhancement due to the rapidly increasing ? valley occupancy. The non-parabolicity of the ? valley affects the occupancy significantly. However, uniaxial tensile stress and the shrinkage of fin width reduce the ? valley occupancy, and the currents are enhanced by increasing occupancy of specific indirect L valleys with high injection velocity.

  18. GREEN HOMES LONG ISLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    energy bill, reduce your carbon footprint... at little or no cost to you. #12;A Message From Supervisor energy-efficient and reduce our community's carbon footprint. Why do we call it Long Island Green Homes to yourevery day. By making basic improvements to yourevery day home, you can reduce your carbon footprint

  19. Assateague Island is Changing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    and longshore currents closing inlets over time, future breaches and new inlets are inevitable as sea level to shape and move Assateague Island. Former US Coast Guard Station Toms Cove Chincoteague Inlet Atlantic To reduce the National Seashore's carbon footprint and demonstrate the use of alternative energy, solar

  20. Distribution and Evolution of Heterodonty in the Ray-finned Fishes (Actinonpterygii) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertrand, Nicholas Gilbert

    2014-12-04

    Heterodonty, having multiple different types of teeth in the jaws, is well documented in chondrichthyan and sarcopterygian lineages, but is poorly documented within the Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes). To further our ...

  1. Are Tax and Non-Tax Factors Associated with FIN 48 Disclosures? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Janet L.

    2011-10-21

    This study examines the determinants of tax aggressiveness. I utilize the unrecognized tax benefits (UTB) disclosed by the adoption of Financial Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes” (FIN 48) to proxy for firms’ tax...

  2. The Effects of Frost Growth on Finned Tube Heat Exchangers under Laminar Flow 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondepudi, Sekhar

    1988-01-01

    A study on the effects of frost growth on the performance of finned tube heat exchangers under laminar flow has been conducted. The study was both experimental and analytical. The experimental part of the investigation ...

  3. New women, new technologies : the interrelation between gender and technology at the Victorian fin de siècle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wanggren, Lena Elisabet

    2012-06-28

    This thesis treats the interrelation between gender and technology at the Victorian fin de siècle, focusing on the figure of the New Woman. It aims to offer a reexamination of this figure of early feminism in relation ...

  4. Design of Plate-Fin Tube Dehumidifiers for Humidification-Dehumidification Desalination Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sievers, Martin

    A two-dimensional numerical model of a plate-fin tube heat exchanger for use as a dehumidifier in a humidification-dehumidification (HDH) desalination systems is developed, because typical heating, ventilating, and air ...

  5. Fluid-cooled heat sink with improved fin areas and efficiencies...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    VARIOUS DEVICES Abstract: The disclosure provides a fluid-cooled heat sink having a heat transfer base and a plurality of heat transfer fins in thermal communication with the...

  6. A key feature of locomotor anatomy in fishes is the dorsal fin, which is one of three median fins, together with the anal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauder, George V.

    of fishes has been the subject of limited experimental study compared with other propulsor systems specialized swimming modes in which the dorsal fin is employed as a key propulsor. Particular attention has-vortical (drag) wake is hypothesized as a mechanism for enhancing tail thrust. This study provides the first

  7. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2003 ­ August 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

  8. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island December 1, 2003 ­ February 29, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distribution

  9. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2003 ­ May 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

  10. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island September 1, 2003 ­ November 30, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

  11. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2004 ­ May 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

  12. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2004 ­ August 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

  13. Minnesota Nuclear Profile - Prairie Island

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Prairie Island" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

  14. Bainbridge Island Data Dashboard | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The data dashboard for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program. Bainbridge Island Data Dashboard More Documents &...

  15. Issues in Scalable Island Multicast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Shueng-Han Gary

    Systems The Scalable Island Multicast protocol integrates Internet Protocol multicast and overlay deliveryDeployment Issues in Scalable Island Multicast for Peer-to-Peer Streaming Xing Jin Oracle USA Ho an important Inter- net application. In a P2P-streaming system, co- operative peers organize into an overlay

  16. Enjebi Island dose assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Phillips, W.A.

    1987-07-01

    We have updeated the radiological dose assessment for Enjebi Island at Enewetak Atoll using data derived from analysis of food crops grown on Enjebi. This is a much more precise assessment of potential doses to people resettling Enjebi Island than the 1980 assessment in which there were no data available from food crops on Enjebi. Details of the methods and data used to evaluate each exposure pathway are presented. The terrestrial food chain is the most significant potential exposure pathway and /sup 137/Cs is the radionuclide responsible for most of the estimated dose over the next 50 y. The doses are calculated assuming a resettlement date of 1990. The average wholebody maximum annual estimated dose equivalent derived using our diet model is 166 mremy;the effective dose equivalent is 169 mremy. The estimated 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral whole-body dose equivalents are 3.5 rem, 5.1 rem, and 6.2 rem, respectively. Bone-marrow dose equivalents are only slightly higher than the whole-body estimates in each case. The bone-surface cells (endosteal cells) receive the highest dose, but they are a less sensitive cell population and are less sensitive to fatal cancer induction than whole body and bone marrow. The effective dose equivalents for 30, 50, and 70 y are 3.6 rem, 5.3 rem, and 6.6 rem, respectively. 79 refs., 17 figs., 24 tabs

  17. DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF A FISH FIN-LIKE PROPULSOR FOR AUVS George V. Lauder1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauder, George V.

    embarked on a research program designed to develop a maneuvering propulsor for AUVs based on the mechanical1 DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF A FISH FIN-LIKE PROPULSOR FOR AUVS George V. Lauder1 , Peter Madden1 of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, 707 22nd Street, Staughton Hall The George Washington University

  18. Understanding the Hydrodynamics of Swimming: From Fish Fins to Flexible Propulsors for Autonomous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauder, George V.

    Understanding the Hydrodynamics of Swimming: From Fish Fins to Flexible Propulsors for Autonomous Corporation, Burlington, MA, USA 2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA 3 Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA 4 Department of Mechanical

  19. Design, fabrication and analysis of a body-caudal fin propulsion system for a microrobotic fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    Design, fabrication and analysis of a body-caudal fin propulsion system for a microrobotic fish Kyu and fabrica- tion of a centimeter-scale propulsion system for a robotic fish. The key to the design are customized to provide the necessary work output for the microrobotic fish. The flexure joints, electrical

  20. Passive Robotic Models of Propulsion by the Bodies and Caudal Fins of Fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flammang, Brooke

    SYMPOSIUM Passive Robotic Models of Propulsion by the Bodies and Caudal Fins of Fish George V progress in understanding the dynamics of fish locomotion has been made through studies of live fishes and by analyzing locomotor kinematics, muscle activity, and fluid dynamics. Studies of live fishes are limited

  1. Hands On Science with NOAA TITLE: Fins, Tails and Scales: Identifying Great Lakes Fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hands ­ On Science with NOAA TITLE: Fins, Tails and Scales: Identifying Great Lakes Fish OVERVIEW: Working with a set of illustrated Great Lakes fish cards, students identify distinguishing characteristics of fish and learn to identify 10 common fish families and how why dichotomous keys are used. MATERIALS

  2. INTRODUCTION Locomotion using undulating dorsal or anal fins is a mode of fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curet, Oscar M.

    823 INTRODUCTION Locomotion using undulating dorsal or anal fins is a mode of fish swimming that has evolved independently in a number of unrelated teleost fish clades. Fishes swimming in this manner (Gymnarchus niloticus), the bowfin (Amia calva), and several deep- sea fishes such as the oarfish (Regalecus

  3. Optimization of the Fin Heat Pipe for Ventilating and Air Conditioning with a Genetic Algorithm 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, J.; Sun, D.; Li, G.

    2006-01-01

    This paper illustrates that use of a heat pipe as a heat-reclaiming device can significantly influence the air-conditioning system. It analyzes the heat transfer model of the uniform annular fin heat pipe under the condition of air conditioning...

  4. Change in fin morphology and position is a central component of the evolutionary transformation of functional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauder, George V.

    Change in fin morphology and position is a central component of the evolutionary transformation © The Company of Biologists Limited 2001 JEB3613 A key evolutionary transformation of the locomotor system macrochirus) during both steady swimming and unsteady turning maneuvers. Digital particle image velocimetry

  5. FIN 5550 Energy Finance Syllabus, Spring 2015-Distance 1 OSU SPEARS SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and Power by Daniel Yergin; The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World by Daniel Description: In this energy finance course, students will study the current energy outlook, introductionFIN 5550 Energy Finance Syllabus, Spring 2015-Distance 1 OSU SPEARS SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

  6. The Caledonide Orogen in the Nordic countries is exposed in Norway, western Sweden, westernmost Fin-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossen, Haakon

    The Caledonide Orogen in the Nordic countries is exposed in Norway, western Sweden, westernmost Fin-age basement. In northernmost Norway, the NE-trending Caledonian thrust front trun- cates the NW and north- eastern Greenland; it continues northwards from northern Norway, across the Barents Shelf

  7. Beryllium Material Tests HiRadMat windows and NOA fins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Beryllium Material Tests HiRadMat windows and NOA fins C. Densham, A. Atherton, T. Davenne, P (FNAL) S. Roberts, V. Kuksenko (Oxford University) Motivation Beryllium is currently widely used, it is essential to understand the response and potential limits of beryllium in such extreme environments

  8. Error Analysis of Heat Transfer for Finned-Tube Heat-Exchanger Text-Board 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Y.; Zhang, J.

    2006-01-01

    In order to reduce the measurement error of heat transfer in water and air side for finned-tube heat-exchanger as little as possible, and design a heat-exchanger test-board measurement system economically, based on the principle of test-board system...

  9. Corrosion of Aluminum-fin, Copper-tube Heat Exchange Coils 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, J. E.

    2002-01-01

    Over the past several years the HVAC industry has experienced a large increase in instances of leaks in the central portion of aluminum-finned, coppertube heat exchange coils. These leaks are characterized as being very small in size and very high...

  10. Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry: Determination of the island phase velocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    into helical magnetic islands. Such islands de- grade plasma confinement because heat and particles are ableTwo-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry: Determination of the island phase velocity R Phys. Plasmas 12, 122308 (2005); 10.1063/1.2141928 Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry

  11. EIS-0006: Wind Turbine Generator System, Block Island, Rhode Island

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of installing and operating a large experimental wind turbine, designated the MOD-OA, which is proposed to be installed on a knoll in Rhode Island's New Meadow Hill Swamp, integrated with the adjacent Block Island Power Company power plant and operated to supply electricity to the existing utility network.

  12. Petteri Harjulehto, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, P.O. Box 4, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasto, Peter

    of Helsinki, Finland (petteri.harjulehto@helsinki.fi) Peter H¨ast¨o, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, P.O. Box 4, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland (peter.hasto@helsinki.fi) Mikko Pere, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, P.O. Box 4, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland (mikko

  13. No Company Is An Island 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, A.

    1989-01-01

    No company is an island. Utilities and their industrial customers are discovering that collaboration can breed opportunity while isolation can lead to ruin. Inter company relationships have changed over recent years and HL&P and its customers...

  14. The macroecology of island floras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weigelt, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Ecology, 58, 445-449. Cabral, J.S. , Weigelt, P. , Kissling,among their islands (?) (Cabral et al. 2014). My colleagues?-diversity of vascular plants (Cabral et al. 2014). In the

  15. Sustaining Sherman Island: A Water Management and Agricultural Diversification System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Richard

    2011-01-01

    system for Sherman Island and any Delta system must considera Saltwater Barrier System at Sherman Island. ” May 8. Deltagrown on Sherman Island with this system: artichokes,

  16. Thermal behavior of spiral fin-and-tube heat exchanger having fly ash deposit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nuntaphan, Atipoang; Kiatsiriroat, Tanongkiat

    2007-08-15

    This research investigates the effect of fly-ash deposit on thermal performance of a cross-flow heat exchanger having a set of spiral finned-tubes as a heat transfer surface. A stream of warm air having high content of fly-ash is exchanging heat with a cool water stream in the tubes. In this study, the temperature of the heat exchanger surface is lower than the dew point temperature of air, thus there is condensation of moisture in the air stream on the heat exchanger surface. The affecting parameters such as the fin spacing, the air mass flow rate, the fly-ash mass flow rate and the inlet temperature of warm air are varied while the volume flow rate and the inlet temperature of the cold water stream are kept constant at 10 l/min and 5 C, respectively. From the experiment, it is found that as the testing period is shorter than 8 h the thermal resistance due to the fouling increases with time. Moreover, the deposit of fly-ash on the heat transfer surface is directly proportional to the dust-air ratio and the amount of condensate on heat exchange surface. However, the deposit of fly-ash is inversely proportional to the fin spacing. The empirical model for evaluating the thermal resistance is also developed in this work and the simulated results agree well with those of the measured data. (author)

  17. Energy Department Helps Advance Island Clean Energy Goals (Fact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department Helps Advance Island Clean Energy Goals U.S. Virgin Islands Signs Solar Deal Worth 65 Million Like many islands around the world, the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) is...

  18. REAP Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by Renewable Energy Alaska Project, this three-day conference will show attendees how to learn, network, and share information on wind systems in island and islanded grid environments through expert panel discussions, stakeholder dialogue, and training.

  19. REAP Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by Renewable Energy Alaska Project, this three-day conference will show attendees how to learn, network, and share information on wind systems in island and islanded grid environments...

  20. Market Update: New England Islanded Grids

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Join the Islanded Grid Resource Center (IGRC) for our upcoming webinar highlighting the islanded grid communities along the New England coast that are exploring their options for reducing high...

  1. Mass Wasting in the Western Galapagos Islands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Hillary

    2012-10-19

    Oceanic island volcanoes such as those in the Hawaiian, Canary and Galapagos Islands are known to become unstable, causing failures of the subaerial and submarine slopes of the volcanic edifices. These mass wasting events appear to be the primary...

  2. Small island biogeography in the Gulf of California: lizards, the subsidized island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wait, D. Alexander

    Small island biogeography in the Gulf of California: lizards, the subsidized island biogeography the subsidized island biogeography (SIB) hypothesis, which predicts that spatial subsidies may cause insular. Methods To evaluate the SIB hypothesis, we first identified subsidized and unsubsidized islands based

  3. A household carbon footprint calculator for islands: Case study of the United States Virgin Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Survey A household carbon footprint calculator for islands: Case study of the United States Virgin xxxx Keywords: Carbon footprint Green house gas emissions Small Island Developing States Island regions the carbon footprint of typical households within the US Virgin Islands. We find the average carbon footprint

  4. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - U.S. Virgin Islands (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) - St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix. The Virgin Islands archipelago makes up the northern portion of the Lesser Antilles and the western island group of the Leeward Islands, forming the border between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

  5. Islands and Our Renewable Energy Future (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baring-Gould, I.; Gevorgian, V.; Kelley, K.; Conrad, M.

    2012-05-01

    Only US Laboratory Dedicated Solely to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. High Contribution Renewables in Islanded Power Systems.

  6. An experimental study of endwall heat transfer enhancement for flow past staggered non-conducting pin fin arrays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achanta, Vamsee Satish

    2004-09-30

    In this work, we study the enhanced endwall heat transfer for flow past non conducting pin fin arrays. The aim is to resolve the controversy over the heat transfer that is taking place from the endwall and the pin ...

  7. Fluid-cooled heat sink with improved fin areas and efficiencies for use in cooling various devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bharathan, Desikan; Bennion, Kevin; Kelly, Kenneth; Narumanchi, Sreekant

    2015-04-21

    The disclosure provides a fluid-cooled heat sink having a heat transfer base and a plurality of heat transfer fins in thermal communication with the heat transfer base, where the heat transfer base and the heat transfer fins form a central fluid channel through which a forced or free cooling fluid may flow. The heat transfer pins are arranged around the central fluid channel with a flow space provided between adjacent pins, allowing for some portion of the central fluid channel flow to divert through the flow space. The arrangement reduces the pressure drop of the flow through the fins, optimizes average heat transfer coefficients, reduces contact and fin-pin resistances, and reduces the physical footprint of the heat sink in an operating environment.

  8. Development of Monitoring Control and Fuzzy Control Test of Finned-Tube Heat-Exchanger Test-Board 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, B.; Gao, F.

    2006-01-01

    In order to satisfy the testing requirement of finned-tube heat-exchanger test-board, this paper designs an exclusive auto-monitor and control subsystem, studies the fuzzy control means for the supply air temperature of ...

  9. Teleost fishes typically possess a homocercal caudal fin with a symmetrical morphology in which the dorsal and ventral lobes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauder, George V.

    of the vertebral column. In contrast, most elasmobranch fishes and some primitive actinopterygian fishes possess the dorsal lobe and the vertebral column extends into the dorsal lobe of the fin. For over a century, it has

  10. ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    42) ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON 1961 Marine Biological. McKeman, Director ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT - ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1961--Fisheries No. 421 Washington, D. C. April 1962 #12;Rock Island Dam, Columbia River, Washington ii #12;CONTENTS

  11. ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1959 :y .iiJA/i-3ri ^' WUUUi. ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT - ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1959 by Paul D. Zimmer, Clifton and observations 10 Summary 13 #12;#12;ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT - ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON

  12. ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON 1960 . SPECIAL SCIENTIFIC ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1960 by Paul D. Zimmer and Clifton C. Davidson United States Fish This annual report of fishway operations at Rock Island Dam in 1960 is dedicated to the memory of co

  13. Annual Fish Passage Report -Rock Island Dam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Annual Fish Passage Report - Rock Island Dam Columbia River, Washington, 1965 By Paul D. Zimmer L. McKeman, Director Annual Fish Passage Report - Rock Island Dam Columbia River, Washington, 1965;#12;Annual Fish Passage Report - Rock Island Dam Columbia River, Washington, 1965 By PAUL D. ZIMMER, Fishery

  14. Marine Bird Ecology & Conservation: The Farallon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    11/19/2014 1 Marine Bird Ecology & Conservation: The Farallon Islands Example Some Historical;11/19/2014 2 Charadriformes: gulls, terns Anseriformes: marine ducks, geese and swans Other birds Location of island Distant photo of island #12;11/19/2014 3 Western Gull The gull colony on the marine terrace

  15. Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry. II. Islands interacting with resistive walls or resonant magnetic perturbations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    magnetic islands. Such islands degrade plasma confinement because heat and particles are able to travelTwo-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry. II. Islands interacting with resistive walls-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry: Determination of the island phase velocity Phys. Plasmas 12

  16. Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry. I. Isolated islands Richard Fitzpatrick and Franois L. Waelbroeck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    magnetic islands. Such islands degrade plasma confinement because heat and particles are able to travelTwo-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry. I. Isolated islands Richard Fitzpatrick.1063/1.4863498 Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry: Determination of the island phase velocity Phys

  17. Magnetic island evolution in hot ion plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishizawa, A.; Nakajima, N.; Waelbroeck, F. L.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Horton, W.

    2012-07-15

    Effects of finite ion temperature on magnetic island evolution are studied by means of numerical simulations of a reduced set of two-fluid equations which include ion as well as electron diamagnetism in slab geometry. The polarization current is found to be almost an order of magnitude larger in hot than in cold ion plasmas, due to the strong shear of ion velocity around the separatrix of the magnetic islands. As a function of the island width, the propagation speed decreases from the electron drift velocity (for islands thinner than the Larmor radius) to values close to the guiding-center velocity (for islands of order 10 times the Larmor radius). In the latter regime, the polarization current is destabilizing (i.e., it drives magnetic island growth). This is in contrast to cold ion plasmas, where the polarization current is generally found to have a healing effect on freely propagating magnetic island.

  18. update: The (often ignored) role of vicariance in evolutionary diversification on oceanic islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parent, Christine E.

    2012-01-01

    simplicity  of  island systems, the study of their specific  to  island  systems,  the  evolu? tionary history of  islands  and  island? like  systems  for  studying 

  19. Pathogenicity island mobility and gene content.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Kelly Porter

    2013-10-01

    Key goals towards national biosecurity include methods for analyzing pathogens, predicting their emergence, and developing countermeasures. These goals are served by studying bacterial genes that promote pathogenicity and the pathogenicity islands that mobilize them. Cyberinfrastructure promoting an island database advances this field and enables deeper bioinformatic analysis that may identify novel pathogenicity genes. New automated methods and rich visualizations were developed for identifying pathogenicity islands, based on the principle that islands occur sporadically among closely related strains. The chromosomally-ordered pan-genome organizes all genes from a clade of strains; gaps in this visualization indicate islands, and decorations of the gene matrix facilitate exploration of island gene functions. A %E2%80%9Clearned phyloblocks%E2%80%9D method was developed for automated island identification, that trains on the phylogenetic patterns of islands identified by other methods. Learned phyloblocks better defined termini of previously identified islands in multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC BAA-2146, and found its only antibiotic resistance island.

  20. Cruise the CANARY ISLAND CELEBRATION DAY BY DAY ITINERARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Cruise the CANARY ISLAND CELEBRATION DAY BY DAY ITINERARY: Day 1 ~ Depart for Rome, Italy Day 10 ~ Arrecife, Canary Islands Day 11 ~ Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands Day 12 ~ Madeira and Casablanca, Morocco; Arrecife and Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands; and Funchal, Madeira Island

  1. A signature for turbulence driven magnetic islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agullo, O.; Muraglia, M.; Benkadda, S. [Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345 Marseille (France); France-Japan Magnetic Fusion Laboratory, LIA 336 CNRS, Marseille (France); Poyé, A. [Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, CEA, CELIA (Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications), UMR 5107, F-33405 Talence (France); Yagi, M. [Plasma Theory and Simulation Gr., JAEA, Rokkasho (Japan); Garbet, X. [IRFM, CEA, St-Paul-Lez-Durance 13108 (France); Sen, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2014-09-15

    We investigate the properties of magnetic islands arising from tearing instabilities that are driven by an interchange turbulence. We find that such islands possess a specific signature that permits an identification of their origin. We demonstrate that the persistence of a small scale turbulence maintains a mean pressure profile, whose characteristics makes it possible to discriminate between turbulence driven islands from those arising due to an unfavourable plasma current density gradient. We also find that the island poloidal turnover time, in the steady state, is independent of the levels of the interchange and tearing energy sources. Finally, we show that a mixing length approach is adequate to make theoretical predictions concerning island flattening in the island rotation frame.

  2. Energy Transition Initiative, Island Energy Snapshot - British Virgin Islands (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the British Virgin Islands (BVI), one of three sets of the Virgin Island territories in an archipelago making up the northern portion of the Lesser Antilles.

  3. San Miguel Island, Channel Islands National Park, California | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProjectData Dashboard RutlandSTEAB's PrioritiesFuelof Energy Miguel Island,

  4. ANNUAL WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    ANNUAL WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2002 ­ February 28, 2003 Prepared.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distributions

  5. WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Outfall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Outfall August 18, 2003 ­ December 4, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 7 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 7 Wind Speed Distributions

  6. WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot May 1, 2003 ­ July 15, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 7 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 7 Wind Speed Distributions

  7. Lessons Learned in Islands | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Learn how Barbados successfully overcame market barriers to widespread implementation of solar water heaters. U.S. Virgin Islands Clears the Way for Unprecedented Levels of Solar...

  8. Island Tools and Trainings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    potential energy investments. Tailored trainings provide in-person, onsite guidance and best practices for implementing clean energy solutions. Tools Island Energy Scenario Tool...

  9. Coastal mesoscale changes on Matagorda Island 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lariscy, Kevin William

    2001-01-01

    and the dune systems. The data indicates that Matagorda Island is currently experiencing a net aggradational phase, as part of a geomorphic system undergoing dynamic equilibrium....

  10. Pennsylvania Nuclear Profile - Three Mile Island

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Three Mile Island" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

  11. Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Long, Chuck

    2010-07-15

    During Nauru99 it was noted that the island was producing small clouds that advected over the ARM site. The Nauru Island Effect Study was run for 1.5 years and the methodology developed to detect the occurrence. Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air temperature data are used, along with downwelling SW data from Licor radiometers located on the southern end of the island near the airport landing strip. A statistical analysis and comparison of data from the two locations is used to detect the likely occurrence of an island influence on the Nauru ACRF site data

  12. Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Long, Chuck

    During Nauru99 it was noted that the island was producing small clouds that advected over the ARM site. The Nauru Island Effect Study was run for 1.5 years and the methodology developed to detect the occurrence. Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air temperature data are used, along with downwelling SW data from Licor radiometers located on the southern end of the island near the airport landing strip. A statistical analysis and comparison of data from the two locations is used to detect the likely occurrence of an island influence on the Nauru ACRF site data

  13. Climate change: Effects on reef island resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oberdorfer, J.A.; Buddemeier, R.W.

    1988-06-27

    The salinity, depth, quantity, and reliability of fresh groundwater resources on coral reef islands and coastlines are environmentally important parameters. Groundwater influences or controls the terrestrial flora, salinity, and nutrient levels in the near-shore benthic environment, the rate and nature of sediment diagenesis, and the density of human habitation. Data from a number of Indo-Pacific reef islands suggest that freshwater inventory is a function of rainfall and island dimensions. A numerical model (SUTRA) has been used to simulate the responses of atoll island groundwater to changes in recharge (precipitation), sea level, and loss of island area due to flooding. The model has been calibrated for Enjebi Island, Enewetak Atoll, where a moderately permeable, water-table aquifer overlies a high-permeability formation. Total freshwater inventory is a monotonic but nonlinear function of recharge. If recharge and island area are constant, rising sea level increases the inventory of fresh water by increasing the useful volume of the aquifer above the high-permeability zone. Flooding of land area reduces the total freshwater inventory approximately in proportion to the loss of recharge area. The most significant results of the model simulation, however, are the findings that the inventory of low-salinity water (and by extrapolation, potable water) is disproportionately sensitive to changes in recharge, island dimensions, or recharge. Island freshwater resources may therefore be unexpectedly vulnerable to climate change.

  14. Morphological barrier island changes and recovery of dunes after Hurricane Dennis, St. George Island, Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagherazzi, Sergio

    Morphological barrier island changes and recovery of dunes after Hurricane Dennis, St. George September 2009 Keywords: Dune recovery LiDAR Overwash Hurricane Dennis Barrier island During the summer of the barrier island are analyzed, along with the short-term post-storm recovery of secondary dunes. Results

  15. Examination of hot-carrier stress induced degradation on fin field-effect transistor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Yi-Lin Yen, Tzu-Sung; Ku, Chao-Chen; Wu, Tai-Hsuan; Wang, Tzuo-Li; Li, Chien-Yi; Wu, Bing-Tze; Zhang, Wenqi; Hong, Jia-Jian; Wong, Jie-Chen; Yeh, Wen-Kuan; Lin, Shih-Hung

    2014-02-24

    Degradation in fin field-effect transistor devices was investigated in detail under various hot-carrier stress conditions. The threshold voltage (V{sub TH}) shift, substrate current (I{sub B}), and subthreshold swing were extracted to determine the degradation of a device. The power-law time exponent of the V{sub TH} shift was largest at V{sub G}?=?0.3 V{sub D}, indicating that the V{sub TH} shift was dominated by interface state generation. Although the strongest impact ionization occurred at V{sub G}?=?V{sub D}, the V{sub TH} shift was mainly caused by electron trapping resulting from a large gate leakage current.

  16. Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Block Island, a small town with only 1,000 full-time, residents, is the site for a big project, when it will become home to Rhode Island’s first offshore wind farm.

  17. Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands: A Global View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan

    2006-01-01

    the urban heat island and justify countermeasures. Thus, theand southern Europe. The heat island (and air pollution)that reduce the heat island and cool a city make sense

  18. PROJECT DESCRIPTION The Texas Rookery Islands project would restore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horizon Oil Spill Natural Resource Damage Assessment Texas Rookery Islands Galveston Bay and East of the rookery islands would take into consideration methods to protect the islands from land loss associated

  19. Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands: A Global View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan

    2006-01-01

    Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands: A Global View Alanurban climate is the phenomenon of the urban heat island.The urban heat island phenomenon was first observed over one

  20. Energy Transition Initiative, Island Energy Snapshot - Grenada (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Grenada - a small island nation consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands in the southeastern Caribbean Sea - three of which are inhabited: Grenada, Carriacou, and Petite Martinique.

  1. The dynamics of genetic and morphological variation on volcanic islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorpe, Roger Stephen

    : volcanism; phylogeography; geographical variation; natural selection; Canary islands; Tarentola 1 and Canary islands). It has been argued that population extinctions, recolonizations and associ- ated a role in shaping geographical variation. The islands of the Canary Archipelago provide an excellent

  2. Contradiction and grammar : the case of weak islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrusán, Márta

    2007-01-01

    This thesis is about weak islands. Weak islands are contexts that are transparent to some but not all operator-variable dependencies. For this reason, they are also sometimes called selective islands. Some paradigmatic ...

  3. news: Bern Convention group of experts on European island biological diversity: an international network to preserve island biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borges, Paulo A. V.

    2009-01-01

    by the Government of Canary Islands at Tenerife (1-3 Octoberthe Gov- ernments of Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira inAzores, Madeira and Canary Islands (Macaronesia), Balearic

  4. Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands...

  5. YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED 2011 Long Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    and success of the green industry on Long Island. Thanks to Fred Soviero, this year's Leader's Forum, country sausage, seasoned potatoes, coffee, tea, and assorted fruit juices. Following breakfast, the two, and announcements to New York's green industry. Thanks to the Friends of Long Island Horticulture and the NSLGA

  6. Long Island Solar Farm Project Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    . Project Developer/Owner/Operator: Long Island Solar Farm, LLC (BP Solar & MetLife) Purchaser of Power: Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) purchases 100 percent of the LISF project output Destination to the annual usage of ~ 4,500 homes LISF Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) Term with LIPA: 20 years Estimated

  7. ames Kroes University of Rhode Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    and Transportation Systems for Sustainable Communities. What can we learn and how can it be applied in Rhode Island of completed page authorized (art. 5/94) Researching Design and Transportation Systems for Sustainable Island, Dept. of Landscape Architecture, address, Rodman Hall Rm 201, Kingston, RI 02881 (401) 874

  8. Clean Waters of Rhode Island Primary Investigators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    Clean Waters of Rhode Island Primary Investigators Harold Knickle Donald Gray #12;Final Report Clean Waters of Rhode Island By Harold Knickle and Donald Gray Department of Chemical Engineering professionals in the clean water field as well as to educate graduate and undergraduate student in the scope

  9. 540 IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING, VOL. 39, NO. 3, JULY 2014 Monolithic IPMC Fins for Propulsion and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leang, Kam K.

    and torque, as well as its effectiveness as a fish-fin-like propulsor. The experimental results show be exploited to create novel and efficient propulsors for next-generation underwater robotic vehicles- oratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Nevada­Reno, Reno, NV 89557-0312 USA. K. J

  10. ‘Useless Art’ or ‘Practical Protest’: The Fin-de-Siècle Artist between Social Engagement and Artistic Detachment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackwell, Jutta

    2008-01-01

    This thesis follows recent scholarly interest in the British fin de siècle, focussing on the artist and the notion of art within the context of capitalisation and rapidly changing social strata. It claims that the artist can be understood as a...

  11. Motivation Literature Network Performance Measure Network Robustness SCN Model Fin. Net. Model Conclusions Network Efficiency/Performance Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Conclusions Network Efficiency/Performance Measurement with Vulnerability and Robustness Analysis Conclusions 1 Motivation 2 Literature Review 3 Network Efficiency/Performance Measure Variational Inequality Robustness SCN Model Fin. Net. Model Conclusions 1 Motivation 2 Literature Review 3 Network Efficiency/Performance

  12. The Galapagos Islands: a Laboratory for the Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geist, Dennis

    - ...) Kauai Oahu Mauai Hawaii Easter Island Azores (Terceira, Pico) Canaries (Teneri e) Cabo Verde (Fogo

  13. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    areas. In the U. S. Virgin Islands rain water harvesting and seawater desalination are the principal

  14. A steady state thermal duct model derived by fin-theory approach and applied on an unglazed solar collector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stojanovic, B.; Hallberg, D.; Akander, J.

    2010-10-15

    This paper presents the thermal modelling of an unglazed solar collector (USC) flat panel, with the aim of producing a detailed yet swift thermal steady-state model. The model is analytical, one-dimensional (1D) and derived by a fin-theory approach. It represents the thermal performance of an arbitrary duct with applied boundary conditions equal to those of a flat panel collector. The derived model is meant to be used for efficient optimisation and design of USC flat panels (or similar applications), as well as detailed thermal analysis of temperature fields and heat transfer distributions/variations at steady-state conditions; without requiring a large amount of computational power and time. Detailed surface temperatures are necessary features for durability studies of the surface coating, hence the effect of coating degradation on USC and system performance. The model accuracy and proficiency has been benchmarked against a detailed three-dimensional Finite Difference Model (3D FDM) and two simpler 1D analytical models. Results from the benchmarking test show that the fin-theory model has excellent capabilities of calculating energy performances and fluid temperature profiles, as well as detailed material temperature fields and heat transfer distributions/variations (at steady-state conditions), while still being suitable for component analysis in junction to system simulations as the model is analytical. The accuracy of the model is high in comparison to the 3D FDM (the prime benchmark), as long as the fin-theory assumption prevails (no 'or negligible' temperature gradient in the fin perpendicularly to the fin length). Comparison with the other models also shows that when the USC duct material has a high thermal conductivity, the cross-sectional material temperature adopts an isothermal state (for the assessed USC duct geometry), which makes the 1D isothermal model valid. When the USC duct material has a low thermal conductivity, the heat transfer course of events adopts a 1D heat flow that reassembles the conditions of the 1D simple model (for the assessed USC duct geometry); 1D heat flow through the top and bottom fins/sheets as the duct wall reassembles a state of adiabatic condition. (author)

  15. Numerical Simulations of the Island-Induced Circulations over the Island of Hawaii during HaRP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yi-Leng

    Numerical Simulations of the Island-Induced Circulations over the Island of Hawaii during HaRP YANG YANG AND YI-LENG CHEN Department of Meteorology, SOEST, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii island-scale circulations over the island of Hawaii during the Hawaiian Rainband Project (HaRP, 11 July

  16. Solar School Program in Reunion Island 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, M.; Adelard, L.

    2004-01-01

    Because of its particular geographic situation and relatively high altitude (3069 meters), Reunion Island is composed of a very large amount of micro-climates which have a direct impact on buildings' comfort, energy ...

  17. Community Redevelopment Case Study: Jekyll Island

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—features photos from a case study about Jekyll Island's community redevelopment project in Georgia.

  18. US Virgin Islands renewable energy future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldfield, Brian (Brian K.)

    2013-01-01

    The US Virgin Islands must face drastic changes to its electrical system. There are two problems with electricity production in the USVI-it's dirty and it's expensive. Nearly one hundred percent of the electricity in these ...

  19. Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office Biofuels Feedstocks Hawaii Natural Energy Institute Desktop Study October 2012 Photographs, from left ........................................................................... 11 Options for liquid biofuel feedstock transport ...........................................................................

  20. PSEG Long Island- Renewable Electricity Goal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As a municipal utility, the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) is not obligated to comply with the New York Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). The LIPA Board of Trustees has nevertheless decided...

  1. Metromorphosis : evolution on the urban island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vezina, Kenrick (Kenrick Freitas)

    2011-01-01

    Cities are very much alive. Like islands, they provide a natural testing ground for evolution. With more than half of the world's population living in urban areas now, the influence cities have on the planet's life is ...

  2. Energy Audits on Prince Edward Island 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, N. G.; Gillis, D.

    1980-01-01

    High energy costs and uncertain supplies force industrial operators to seek out energy waste to keep costs down. The Enersave for Industry and Commerce program assists Prince Edward Island industries through an energy audit and grant program. A...

  3. Heat transfer coefficients and pressure drops for R-134a and an ester lubricant mixture in a smooth tube and a micro-fin tube

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eckels, S.J.; Doerr, T.M.; Pate, M.B.

    1998-10-01

    This paper reports average heat transfer coefficients and pressure drops during the evaporation and condensation of mixtures of R-134a and a 150 SUS penta erythritol ester branched-acid lubricant. The smooth tube and micro-fin tube tested in this study had outer diameters of 9.52 mm (3/8 in.). The micro-fin tube had 60 fins, a fin height of 0.2 mm (0.008 in), and a spiral angle of 18{degree}. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the micro-fin tube with R-134a and to determine the effect of circulating lubricant. The experimental results show that the micro-fin tube has distinct performance advantages over the smooth tube. For example, the average heat transfer coefficients during evaporation and condensation in the micro-fin tube were 50--200% higher than those for the smooth tube, while the average pressure drops were on average only 10--50% higher. The experimental results indicate that the presence of a lubricant degrades the average heat transfer coefficients during both evaporation and condensation at high lubricant concentrations. Pressure drops during evaporation increased with the addition of a lubricant in both tubes. For condensation, pressure drops were unaffected by the addition of a lubricant.

  4. Energy effects of heat-island reduction strategies in Toronto, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, Hashem; Konopacki, Steven

    2003-01-01

    Energy Effects of Urban Heat Islands and Their Mitigation: aAkbari. Energy Impacts of Heat Island Reduction StrategiesSavings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies in

  5. Ice flow sensitivity to geothermal heat flux of Pine Island Glacier, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larour, E; Morlighem, M; Seroussi, H; Schiermeier, J; Rignot, E; Rignot, E

    2012-01-01

    to geothermal heat flux of Pine Island Glacier, Antarcticato geothermal heat flux of Pine Island Glacier, Antarctica,Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica: (a) geothermal heat

  6. Streamlined energy-savings calculations for heat-island reduction strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, Hashem; Konopacki, Steven J.

    2003-01-01

    Savings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies inNational Laboratory -- Heat Island Group Technical Note.Savings Calculations for Heat-Island Reduction Strategies

  7. Historical Biogeography of the Midriff Islands in the Gulf of California, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilder, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    predictive, suggesting an island system with ancient humanextinctions seen in island systems around the world. ChapterThese results document an island system with ancient human

  8. Energy effects of heat-island reduction strategies in Toronto, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, Hashem; Konopacki, Steven

    2003-01-01

    Savings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies inAkbari. Energy Savings for Heat Island Reduction StrategiesEnergy Effects of Urban Heat Islands and Their Mitigation: a

  9. Opportunities for Saving Energy and Improving Air Quality in Urban Heat Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, Hashem

    2008-01-01

    saving potentials of heat-island reduction strategies,”Special Issue on Urban Heat Islands and Cool Communities,Special Issue on Urban Heat Islands and Cool Communities,

  10. AN EXAMINATION OF MOVEMENTS OF BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS BETWEEN ISLANDS IN THE HAWAIIAN ISLAND CHAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baird, Robin W.

    of the islands of Hawaii, Oahu, and Kauai. #12;Baird et al. 2002 2 Baird et al. (2001) estimated that only, Maui/Lanai, and Hawaii, in April and May 2002, and compared photographic identities with dolphins individuals identified off the islands of Oahu (29) and Hawaii (11), none had been previously documented

  11. INVASIVE RODENTS ON ISLANDS Avoiding surprise effects on Surprise Island: alien species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courchamp, Franck

    INVASIVE RODENTS ON ISLANDS Avoiding surprise effects on Surprise Island: alien species control Abstract Eradications of invasive alien species have generally benefited biodiversity. However, without following the sudden removal of an invasive alien that was exerting an ecological force on those species

  12. A Biorobotic Flapping Fin for Propulsion and Maneuvering James L. Tangorra, Member IEEE, George V. Lauder, Peter G. Madden, Rajat Mittal, Meliha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    and maneuvering of AUVs. The fin's design is the result of the analysis of the anatomy, mechanical properties and for creating smooth, continuous propulsive forces with flapping propulsors. B Manuscript received September 13

  13. Transient Thermal, Hydraulic, and Mechanical Analysis of a Counter Flow Offset Strip Fin Intermediate Heat Exchanger using an Effective Porous Media Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urquiza, Eugenio

    2009-01-01

    intermediate heat exchanger used high pressure helium not asexchanger performance: predictive model for heat transfer and pressurePressure Drop Correlations for the Rectangular Offset Strip Fin Compact Heat Exchanger. ”

  14. Sculpting the shape of semiconductor heteroepitaxial islands: fromdots to rods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, J.T.; Walko, D.A.; Arms, D.A.; Tinberg, D.S.; Evans,P.G.; Cao, Y.; Liddle, J.A.; Rastelli, A.; Schmidt, O.G.; Dubon, O.D.

    2006-06-20

    In the Ge on Si model heteroepitaxial system, metal patterns on the silicon surface provide unprecedented control over the morphology of highly ordered Ge islands. Island shape including nanorods and truncated pyramids is set by the metal species and substrate orientation. Analysis of island faceting elucidates the prominent role of the metal in promoting growth of preferred facet orientations while investigations of island composition and structure reveal the importance of Si-Ge intermixing in island evolution. These effects reflect a remarkable combination of metal-mediated growth phenomena that may be exploited to tailor the functionality of island arrays in heteroepitaxial systems.

  15. TAKE AND AVERfI.GE VALUE OF PRIBILOF ISLANDS FUR SEP~ SKINS, 1956-1960 Year Male Female Total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breeding grounds of the northern fur seals: Robben Island (Kaihyoto or Tyuleniy Island) off Sakhalin

  16. Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division Pelagic Fisheries Ecosystems and Oceanography Division Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries and Oceanography Division Pelagic Fisheries Research Program Motivation · Juvenile & subadult bigeye aggregates

  17. Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division Pelagic Fisheries Fisheries Science Center, NMFS, NOAA #12;Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division Pelagic Fisheries Research Program Materials

  18. Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference March 4, 2015 8:00AM AKST to March 6, 2015 5:00PM AKST Alaska Pacific University 4101 University Drive...

  19. Global isotopic signatures of oceanic island basalts / by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oschmann, Lynn A

    1991-01-01

    Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic analyses of 477 samples representing 30 islands or island groups, 3 seamounts or seamount chains, 2 oceanic ridges and 1 oceanic plateau [for a total of 36 geographic features] are compiled to form ...

  20. BPA Improves hundreds of acres of habitat on Sauvie Island

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on Sauvie Island 10202015 12:00 AM Tweet Page Content Crews install a 53-foot-long pedestrian bridge over a slough at the Sauvie Island Wildlife Area. The bridge replaces an old...

  1. Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Prince Edward Island, Canada Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 6113358 Coordinates 46.333333, -63.5...

  2. Foster-Glocester Regional School District (Rhode Island) - Financing Profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2008-12-01

    This document is an EnergySmart Schools Financing Profile of Foster-Glocester Regional School District in Rhode Island

  3. Genomic islands predict functional adaptation in marine actinobacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penn, Kevin

    2010-01-01

    Ecological adaptations among bacterial populations have been linked to genomic islands, strain-specific regions of DNA that house

  4. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to effective ecological balances in island systems. These focus area activities were in addition to its usual

  5. United States Virgin Islands: St. Thomas (Bovoni) & St. Croix (Longford)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Roberts, O.; Andreas, A.

    Two measurement stations to collect wind data to support future wind power generation in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

  6. United States Virgin Islands: St. Thomas (Bovoni) & St. Croix (Longford)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Roberts, O.; Andreas, A.

    1997-01-01

    Two measurement stations to collect wind data to support future wind power generation in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

  7. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    water harvesting are the principal sources of fresh water. Ground water supplies are very limited. WaterVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2008 Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2008 1 #12;Introduction The Virgin Islands

  8. Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before the sixteenth century interior and on outlying islands (Comoros, Madagascar) or were composed of lower classes in urban expansion and private enterprise. #12;16 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before

  9. A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominguez-Garcia, Alejandro

    1 A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids Stanton T. Cady, Student in islanded ac microgrids with both synchronous generators and inverter-interfaced power supplies. Although they are smaller and have lower ratings, the generation control objectives for an islanded microgrid are similar

  10. Recommendations for Technologies for Microgrids on the Big Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recommendations for Technologies for Microgrids on the Big Island Prepared for U.S. Department Island microgrids By Sentech, Inc. Bethesda, Maryland And University of Hawaii Hawaii Natural Energy for technologies to be used in future installation of Big Island microgrids Subtask 2.2 Deliverable #4 Prepared By

  11. Bridge-Node Selection and Loss Recovery in Island Multicast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Shueng-Han Gary

    Bridge-Node Selection and Loss Recovery in Island Multicast W.-P. Ken Yiu K.-F. Simon Wong S multicast-capable domains (the so-called islands) while overlay connections are used to bridge islands. In the previously proposed scheme, the number of ping measurements to find good bridge-nodes is at least

  12. INV Spring, 2009 1 CANARY ISLANDS (see Atlantic Ocean)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INV Spring, 2009 1 UPD 5/6/15 CANARY ISLANDS (see Atlantic Ocean) 1950 1:100,000 Lanzarote 1950 1:130,000 International travel maps, Canary Islands = Mapas internacionales de viaje, Islas Canarias (bc) - International Nacional 9126/C1/100/1950- 1:100,000 Canary Islands (6 sheets) Mapa Militar: 1 - de la Isla de Hierro 2

  13. Stomach contents of cetaceans stranded in the Canary Islands 19962006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    Stomach contents of cetaceans stranded in the Canary Islands 1996­2006 r. fernandez1 , m.b. santos2, Kogiidae and Ziphiidae, stranded between 1996 and 2006 in the Canary Islands. Cephalopod mandibles (beaks teuthophagous whales. Keywords: feeding, Canary Islands, cetaceans, cephalopods, plastic Submitted 5 August 2008

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants Jeff Ollerton & Louise Cranmer /Accepted: 29 September 2008 # Springer-Verlag 2008 Abstract The Canary Islands are home to a guild Bird vision . Canary Islands . Mutualism . Pollinator. Tenerife Introduction The endemic flora

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants Jeff Ollerton & Louise Cranmer) was an effective pollinator of these species. Keywords Bird vision . Canary Islands . Mutualism . Pollinator. Tenerife Introduction The endemic flora of the Canary Islands, situated off the west coast of North Africa

  16. The maximal body massarea relationship in island mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez, Andrew

    mass­area relationship for four island systems, to test the hypothesis that community relaxationORIGINAL ARTICLE The maximal body mass­area relationship in island mammals Virginie Millien1, 20 islands in the Sea of Corte´s and the seven continents). Replotting their data with area

  17. The Island Metaphor Bill Tomlinson, Eric Baumer, Man Lok Yau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomlinson, Bill

    , ebaumer, mlyau } @uci.edu Abstract This paper presents an "Island Metaphor" for interactions with systems of a software system. The Island Metaphor is not applicable to, nor appropriate for, every system. HoweverThe Island Metaphor Bill Tomlinson, Eric Baumer, Man Lok Yau University of California, Irvine { wmt

  18. Title: Satellite Streetview: Prince Edward Island Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Satellite Streetview: Prince Edward Island Data Creator / Copyright Owner: DMTI Spatial Inc: N/A Abstract: Satellite images generated for cities and/or regions in Prince Edward Island.. Areas: N/A Keywords (Place): Canada; Prince Edward Island; Charlottetown Keywords (Subject): Aerial Images

  19. Observation of energetic electrons within magnetic islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    , University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA 2 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2 that energetic electron fluxes peak at sites of compressed density within islands, which imposes a new constraint, show that electrons are primarily accelerated at the X line or separatrices (see Fig. 1) by electric

  20. Philippine Islands: a tectonic railroad siding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallagher, J.J. Jr.

    1984-09-01

    In 1976, significant quantities of oil were discovered offshore northwest of Palawan Island by a Philippine-American consortium led by Philippines-Cities Service Inc. This was the first commercial oil found in the Philippine Islands. Other exploration companies had decided that there was no commercial oil in the Philippines. They fell prey to a situation Wallace E. Pratt, who began his career in 1909 in the Philippines, later described: There are many instances where our knowledge, supported in some cases by elaborate and detailed studies has convinced us that no petroleum resources were present in areas which subsequently became sites of important oil fields. Some explorers are blinded by the negative implications of the same knowledge that successful explorers use to find important oil fields. The Palawan discoveries are examples of successful use of knowledge. Recognition that the Philippine Islands are a tectonic railroad siding may be the key to future exploration success. These islands are continental fragments, each with its own individual geologic characteristics, that have moved from elsewhere to their present positions along a major strike-slip zone. Play concepts can be developed in the Philippines for continental fragments in each of the three major present-day tectono-stratigraphic systems that are dominated by strike-slip, but include subduction and extension tectonics, with both carbonate and clastic sediments.

  1. Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A celebration of Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States. The month of May was chosen to commemorate the immigration of the first Japanese to the United States on May 7, 1843, and to mark the anniversary of the completion of the transcontinental railroad on May 10, 1869. The majority of the workers who laid the tracks were Chinese immigrants.

  2. Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association- 2010 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association, Inc. (APIA) will conduct on-site weatherization and energy conservation education and a home energy and safety review in the communities of Akutan, Atka, False Pass, King Cove, Nelson Lagoon, Nikolski, Sand Point, St. George, St. Paul, and Unalaska.

  3. Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-01-01

    The Island Energy Playbook (the Playbook) provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating, planning, and completing a transition to an energy system that primarily relies on local resources to eliminate a dependence on one or two imported fuels. It is intended to serve as a readily available framework that any community can adapt to organize its own energy transition effort.

  4. Will Iceland be an island forever?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    Will Iceland be an island forever? Potential interconnection of the Icelandic power system. Germany and energy security is going to be a bigger issue in energy policy than before. Iceland, Qatar and other countries with stranded power are far off the trend line due to hydro and geothermal in Iceland and gas

  5. PUERTO RICO / U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    of Rhode Island University of Connecticut University of Delaware University of Maryland College Park AMERICAN SAMOA HAWAII ALASKA Northwest Indian College Diné College Navajo Technical College D-Q University Tribal College Haskell Indian Nations University Oglala Lakota College Si Tanka Univ. Sisseton Wahpeton

  6. ROSS ISLAND BRIDGE SW GIBBS ST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    ROSS ISLAND BRIDGE SW GIBBS ST SW PORTER ST SW HOOKER ST SW PORTER ST SW MEADE ST SW ARTHUR STSW ARTHUR ST SW WOODS ST SW WOODS ST GIBBS ST PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE SW LANE ST SW PENNOYER ST SW ABERNETHY ST SW BANCROFT ST SW BANCROFT ST SW THOMAS ST SW ABERNETHY ST SW LOWELL ST SW THOMAS ST SW KELLY AVE SWMOODYAVE

  7. Within-island differentiation and between-island homogeneity: non-equilibrium population structure in the seaweed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the seaweed Cladophoropsis membranacea (Chlorophyta) in the Canary Islands HAN J. VAN DER STRATE1, 2 , LOUIS stone model at larger spatial scales. In the present survey, 23 sites were sampled in the Canary Islands among the Canary Islands regardless of how geographic distances were computed. Only when the Canary

  8. Geohydrology of Enewetak Atoll islands and reefs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buddemeier, R.W.

    1981-05-06

    Extensive tidal studies in island wells and the lagoon at Enewetak Atoll have shown that island ground water dynamics are controlled by a layered aquifer system. The surface aquifer of unconsolidated Holocene material extends to a depth of approximately 15 m, and has a hydraulic conductivity K = 60 m/day. From 15 to 60 m (approximate lagoon depth) the reef structure consists of successive layers of altered Pleistocene materials, with bulk permeability substantially higher than that of the surface aquifer. Because of wave set-up over the windward reef and the limited pass area for outflow at the south end of the atoll, lagoon tides rise in phase with the ocean tides but fall later than the ocean water level. This results in a net lagoon-to-ocean head which can act as the driving force for outflow through the permeable Pleistocene aquifer. This model suggests that fresh water, nutrients or radioactive contaminants found in island ground water or reef interstitial water may be discharged primarily into the ocean rather than the lagoon. Atoll island fresh water resources are controlled by recharge, seawater dilution due to vertical tidal mixing between the surface and deeper aquifers, and by loss due to entrainment by the outflowing water in the deeper aquifers. Estimated lagoon-ot-ocean transit times through the deep aquifer are on the order of a few years, which corresponds well to the freshwater residence time estimates based on inventory and recharge. Islands in close proximity to reef channels have more fresh ground water than others, which is consistent with a locally reduced hydraulic gradient and slower flow through the Pleistocene aquifers.

  9. The Necklace around the Arctic Arctic indigenous peoples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    national choir). #12;The economies of the Arctic settlements invariably involve fish, oil or gas: natural and Wildlife Service ( http://arctic.fws.gov/ ), and other sources. #12;Faroe Islands (~Denmark) Shetland

  10. Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, New York: EnergyOpenReykjanes Geothermal PowerRezacRhode Island:

  11. Island Energy Conference | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 | International Nuclear Energyat Larger Scale|Is aIsland

  12. Resuspension studies in the Marshall Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shinn, J.H.; Homan, D.N.; Robison, W.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1997-07-01

    The contribution of inhalation exposure to the total dose for residents of the Marshall Islands was monitored at occasions of opportunity on several islands in the Bikini and Enewetak Atolls. To determine the long-term potential for inhalation exposure, and to understand the mechanisms of redistribution and personal exposure, additional investigations were undertaken on Bikini Island under modified and controlled conditions. Experiments were conducted to provide key parameters for the assessment of inhalation exposure from plutonium-contaminated dust aerosols: characterization of the contribution of plutonium in soil-borne aerosols as compared to sea spray and organic aerosols, determination of plutonium resuspension rates as measured by the meteorological flux-gradient method during extreme conditions of a bare-soil vs. a stabilized surface, determination of the approximate individual exposures to resuspended plutonium by traffic, and studies of exposures to individuals in different occupational environments simulated by personal air sampling of workers assigned to a variety of tasks. Enhancement factors (defined as ratios of the plutonium-activity), of suspended aerosols relative to the plutonium-activity of the soil were determined to be less than 1 (typically 0.4 to 0.7) in the undisturbed, vegetated areas, but greater than 1 (as high as 3) for the case studies of disturbed bare soil, roadside travel, and for occupational duties in fields and in and around houses. 12 refs., 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  13. Suggested guidelines for anti-islanding screening.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, Abraham; Ropp, Michael

    2012-02-01

    As increasing numbers of photovoltaic (PV) systems are connected to utility systems, distribution engineers are becoming increasingly concerned about the risk of formation of unintentional islands. Utilities desire to keep their systems secure, while not imposing unreasonable burdens on users wishing to connect PV. However, utility experience with these systems is still relatively sparse, so distribution engineers often are uncertain as to when additional protective measures, such as direct transfer trip, are needed to avoid unintentional island formation. In the absence of such certainty, utilities must err on the side of caution, which in some cases may lead to the unnecessary requirement of additional protection. The purpose of this document is to provide distribution engineers and decision makers with guidance on when additional measures or additional study may be prudent, and also on certain cases in which utilities may allow PV installations to proceed without additional study because the risk of an unintentional island is extremely low. The goal is to reduce the number of cases of unnecessary application of additional protection, while giving utilities a basis on which to request additional study in cases where it is warranted.

  14. A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greacen, Chris

    2014-01-01

    of Distributed Resource Island Systems with Electric Powerguidance on operating island systems in these variousof Distributed Resource Island Systems with Electric Power

  15. A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greacen, Chris

    2014-01-01

    guidance on operating island systems in these variousof Distributed Resource Island Systems with Electric Powerof Distributed Resource Island Systems with Electric Power

  16. Islander: A database of precisely mapped genomic islands in tRNA and tmRNA genes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hudson, Corey M.; Lau, Britney Y.; Williams, Kelly P.

    2014-11-05

    Genomic islands are mobile DNAs that are major agents of bacterial and archaeal evolution. Integration into prokaryotic chromosomes usually occurs site-specifically at tRNA or tmRNA gene (together, tDNA) targets, catalyzed by tyrosine integrases. This splits the target gene, yet sequences within the island restore the disrupted gene; the regenerated target and its displaced fragment precisely mark the endpoints of the island. We applied this principle to search for islands in genomic DNA sequences. Our algorithm identifies tDNAs, finds fragments of those tDNAs in the same replicon and removes unlikely candidate islands through a series of filters. A search for islandsmore »in 2168 whole prokaryotic genomes produced 3919 candidates. The website Islander (recently moved to http://bioinformatics.sandia.gov/islander/) presents these precisely mapped candidate islands, the gene content and the island sequence. The algorithm further insists that each island encode an integrase, and attachment site sequence identity is carefully noted; therefore, the database also serves in the study of integrase site-specificity and its evolution.« less

  17. SURFACE REMEDIATION IN THE ALEUTIAN ISLANDS: A CASE STUDY OF AMCHITKA ISLAND, ALASKA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giblin, M. O.; Stahl, D. C.; Bechtel, J. A.

    2002-02-25

    Amchitka Island, Alaska, was at one time an integral player in the nation's defense program. Located in the North Pacific Ocean in the Aleutian Island archipelago, the island was intermittently inhabited by several key government agencies, including the U.S. Army, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (predecessor agency to the U.S. Department of Energy), and the U.S. Navy. Since 1993, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted extensive investigations on Amchitka to determine the nature and extent of contamination resulting from historic nuclear testing. The uninhabited island was the site of three high-yield nuclear tests from 1965 to 1971. These test locations are now part of the DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office's Environmental Management Program. In the summer of 2001, the DOE launched a large-scale remediation effort on Amchitka to perform agreed-upon corrective actions to the surface of the island. Due to the lack of resources available on Amchitka and logistical difficulties with conducting work at such a remote location, the DOE partnered with the Navy and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to share certain specified costs and resources. Attempting to negotiate the partnerships while organizing and implementing the surface remediation on Amchitka proved to be a challenging endeavor. The DOE was faced with unexpected changes in Navy and USACE scope of work, accelerations in schedules, and risks associated with construction costs at such a remote location. Unfavorable weather conditions also proved to be a constant factor, often slowing the progress of work. The Amchitka Island remediation project experience has allowed the DOE to gain valuable insights into how to anticipate and mitigate potential problems associated with future remediation projects. These lessons learned will help the DOE in conducting future work more efficiently, and can also serve as a guide for other agencies performing similar work.

  18. ,"Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ies","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","9...

  19. Celebrating Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month at...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Pacific Islanders at the Energy Department, in the energy workforce, and throughout history. Headquarter employees and members of the general public are invited to celebrate on...

  20. ,"Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release Date:","9302015" ,"Next Release...

  1. ,"Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release Date:","9302015" ,"Next Release...

  2. Rhode Island High Resolution Wind Resource - Datasets - OpenEI...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Detailed license and usage information for this dataset Preview Download 50m GIS NREL Rhode Island energy high resoltuion renewable shapefile wind wind data wind...

  3. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Dominican Republic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-09-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Dominican Republic, a Caribbean nation that shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti to the west.

  4. Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% Organization Virgin Islands Energy Office www.vienergy.org Industry...

  5. Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylation Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Mark R

    2006-01-01

    analysis. In: Functional Genomics: Methods and Protocols, M.Segal: Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylationpackage and applications to genomics. Bioinformatics and

  6. Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands Initial Technical Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baring-Gould, I.; Hunsberger, R.; Visser, C.; Voss, P.

    2011-07-01

    This document is an initial energy assessment for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), the first of many steps in developing a comprehensive energy strategy.

  7. Harnessing Sun, Wind and Lava for Islands' Energy Needs | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nations (EDIN) project - this international collaboration between the United States, Iceland and New Zealand is aimed at helping islands adopt clean energy policies, technology...

  8. U.S. Virgin Islands Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure Community Ownership of Clean Energy Vision U.S. Virgin Islands Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure Community Ownership of Clean...

  9. A comparison of the heat transfer and pressure drop performance of R-134a-lubricant mixtures in different diameter smooth tubes and micro-fin tubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eckels, S.J.; Doerr, T.M.; Pate, M.B.

    1998-10-01

    The average heat transfer coefficients and pressure drops during evaporation and condensation are reported for mixtures of R-134a and an ester lubricant in tubes of 12.7 mm (1/2 in.) outer diameter. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the performance of the R-134a-lubricant mixtures in these tubes and determine the performance benefits of the micro-fin tube. The performance benefits of the tubes with 12.7 mm (1/2 in.) outer diameter are compared to those of smaller tubes with 9.52 mm (3/8 in.) outer diameter. The lubricant used was a 169 SUS penta erythritol ester mixed-acid lubricant. The lubricant concentration was varied from 0--5.1% in the mixture. The average heat transfer coefficients in the 12.7 mm (1/2 in.) micro-fin tube were 50--150% higher than those for the 12.7 mm (1/2 in.) smooth tube, while pressure drops in the micro-fin tube were 5% to 50% higher than in the smooth tube. The addition of lubricant degraded the average heat transfer coefficients in all cases except during evaporation at low lubricant concentrations. Pressure drops were always increased with the addition of lubricant. The experimental results also indicate that tube diameter has some effect on the performance benefits of the micro-fin tube over that of the smooth tube.

  10. Humpback and Fin Whaling in the Gulf of Maine from 1800 to 1918 RANDALL R. REEVES, TIM D. SMITH, ROBERT L. WEBB, JOOKE ROBBINS, and PHILLIP J. CLAPHAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humpback and Fin Whaling in the Gulf of Maine from 1800 to 1918 RANDALL R. REEVES, TIM D. SMITH, ROBERT L. WEBB, JOOKE ROBBINS, and PHILLIP J. CLAPHAM Introduction The Gulf of Maine is an oceanic body is with the Center for Coastal Studies, Provincetown, MA 02657. ABSTRACT--The history of whaling in the Gulf of Maine

  11. This is an earlier view of the accepted manuscript for the article "Fish fins as non-lethal surrogates for muscle tissues in freshwater food web studies using stable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    This is an earlier view of the accepted manuscript for the article "Fish fins as non- lethal is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/rcm.6265/abstract. Fish fins as non-muscle relationships for 14 European freshwater fish species Nicolas Hette-Tronquart*a , Laurent Mazeasa , Liana

  12. Energy impacts of heat island reduction strategies in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, Steven; Akbari, Hashem

    2001-01-01

    Energy Effects of Urban Heat Islands and Their Mitigation: aH. Taha. 1990. “Summer Heat Islands, Urban Trees, and WhiteNational Laboratory—Heat Island Group Technical Note. Ber-

  13. Energy Savings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies in Baton Rouge, Sacramento and Salt Lake City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

    2000-01-01

    Energy Effects of Urban Heat Islands and Their Mitigation: aNational Laboratory - Heat Island Group Technical Note.of the US EPA’s Urban Heat Island Pilot Project (UHIPP) in

  14. Opportunities for Saving Energy and Improving Air Quality in Urban Heat Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, Hashem

    2008-01-01

    Special Issue on Urban Heat Islands and Cool Communities,Special Issue on Urban Heat Islands and Cool Communities,Energy Effects of Urban Heat Islands and their Mitigation: A

  15. Energy Savings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies in Baton Rouge, Sacramento and Salt Lake City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

    2000-01-01

    National Laboratory - Heat Island Group Technical Note.of the US EPA’s Urban Heat Island Pilot Project (UHIPP) in11. Conclusions Impact of Heat Island Reduction Strategies

  16. Energy impacts of heat island reduction strategies in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, Steven; Akbari, Hashem

    2001-01-01

    H. Taha. 1990. “Summer Heat Islands, Urban Trees, and WhiteNational Laboratory—Heat Island Group Technical Note. Ber-Savings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies in

  17. opinion: Political erosion dismantles the conservation network existing in the Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández?Palacios, José María; de Nascimento, Lea

    2011-01-01

    seagrass meadows in the Canary Islands: a mul? tiscaled genetic diversity in the  Canary  Islands:  A  conservation synthesis for the Canary Islands.   Trends in Ecology and 

  18. U.S. Virgin Islands- Renewable Energy Feed-in-Tariff

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    There is a 10 MW limit for aggregate production via feed-in-tariff contracts on the islands of St. Thomas, St. John, Water Island, and other offshore keys and islands and a similar 5 MW limit for...

  19. About Island Press Since 1984, the nonprofit Island Press has been stimulating, shap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnosky, Anthony D.

    Change BARRY W. BROOK AND ANTHONY D. BARNOSKY Millennia before the modern biodiversity crisis-a worldwide, and comm unicating the ideas that are essential for solving envi ronmental problems worldwide. With more, the ecosystems we need to survive, the water we drink, and the air we breathe. Island Press gratefully

  20. Grey Island Energy Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,Solar Jump to:Resources JumpStrategy | OpenGreshamGrey Island

  1. Hainan Green Islands Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERCInformation 3.1 -HachijojimaHaddam,Green Islands

  2. Marshall Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, searchScotland Jump to:Marshall Islands: Energy Resources

  3. University of Rhode Island | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ ClimateFeed JumpAlbertaUniversity ofRhode Island

  4. Block Island Power Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:Pontiac Biomass Facility JumpII JumpBlackfeetBlock Island Power

  5. Block Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:Pontiac Biomass Facility JumpII JumpBlackfeetBlock Island

  6. The island rule and the evolution of body size in the deep sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Alison G.

    & Handley, 2002). Here we test the island rule of body-size evolution in a non- island system, the deep sea

  7. Assessing Pathways in the U.S. Virgin Islands and Hawai'i | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by Adam Warren, NREL 18953 U.S. Virgin Islands Establishes Interconnection Standards to Clear the Way for Grid Interconnection Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook...

  8. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    water is a concern, so too is proper disposal of wastewater. The Virgin Islands Water Resources Research with cistern water quality, treatment of wastewater from aquaponic systems and sediment export from watersheds Program Introduction 1 #12;Water Quality in Virgin Islands Rain Water Collection Cisterns. Basic

  9. Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division Characterization Research Program Réka Domokos #12;Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division -80 -77 -74 -71 -68 -65 -62 -59 -56 -53 -50 -47 -44 Sv

  10. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of natural potable water for residents in these islands where cisterns are required by law. Seawater desalination plants supply the water distribution networks that are restricted to certain areas in the islands due to the hilly terrain. Dependence on rainfall and the expensive desalinated water makes Virgin

  11. Aboriginal Education Centre-Turtle Island House Aboriginal Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Aboriginal Education www.uwindsor.ca/aec We look forward to meeting you! Available Services UniversityAboriginal Education Centre-Turtle Island House Aboriginal Education The Aboriginal Education Centre (AEC) - Turtle Island was created in 1992 with the mandate of ensuring that services and programs

  12. Reduction of Islands in Full-pressure Stellarator Equilibria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.R. Hudson; D.A. Monticello; A.H. Reiman

    2001-04-30

    The control of magnetic islands is a crucial issue in designing Stellarators. Islands are associated with resonant radial magnetic fields at rational rotational-transform surfaces and can lead to chaos and poor plasma confinement. In this article, we show that variations in the resonant fields of a full-pressure stellarator equilibrium can be related to variations in the boundary via a coupling matrix, and inversion of this matrix determines a boundary modification for which the island content is significantly reduced. The numerical procedure is described and the results of island optimization are presented. Equilibria with islands are computed using the Princeton Iterative Equilibrium Solver, and resonant radial fields are calculated via construction of quadratic-flux-minimizing surfaces. A design candidate for the National Compact Stellarator Experiment [Phys. Plasmas 8, 2001], which has a large island, is used to illustrate the technique. Small variations in the boundary shape are used to reduce island size and to reverse the phase of a major island chain.

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER Vulnerable island carnivores: the endangered endemic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gompper, Matthew E.

    ) and dwarf coati (Nasua nelsoni) on Cozumel Island, Mexico, we worked island-wide to identify the presence´a-Vasco Instituto de Ecologi´a, A. C., 91070 Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico e-mail: denise.vasco@posgrado.inecol.edu.mx D´n, 77660 Cozumel, Quintana Roo, Mexico A. D. Cuaro´n Multicriteria SC, Unidad Independencia IMSS, Torre

  14. The Tuna Industry in the Pacific Islands Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be at a crossroads. This paper reviews the tuna industry in the Pacific islands region, beginning with the regionThe Tuna Industry in the Pacific Islands Region: Opportunities for Foreign Investment DAVID J. DOULMAN Introduction The international tuna industry is in a state of flux. Since the early 1980's (and

  15. University of Rhode Island Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uht, Augustus K.

    University of Rhode Island Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kelley Hall 4 East Alumni in Synchronous Systems via Timing Error Toleration Augustus K. Uht Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Rhode Island Email: uht@ele.uri.edu Web: www.ele.uri.edu/¸uht March 10, 2000

  16. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Historically, rain water harvesting has been a principal source of potable water for the residents of the USVI such as rain water harvesting, alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and investigation of applicableVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2011 Virgin Islands

  17. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are principally of volcanic origin and are consequently relatively mountainous. Historically, rain water such as rain water harvesting, development of alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and investigationVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2012 Virgin Islands

  18. Jrgen Richter Hasty Foragers: The Crimea Island and Europe During

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Robert

    Jürgen Richter Hasty Foragers: The Crimea Island and Europe During the Last Interglacial Victor conditions in Europe similar to those of the present time, or even a lile more favourable (overview: Van, comparable environments as they prevail today. Hasty Foragers: The Crimea Island and Europe During the Last

  19. Wind resource assessment: San Nicolas Island, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKenna, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Olsen, T.L. [Timothy L. Olsen Consulting, (United States)

    1996-01-01

    San Nicolas Island (SNI) is the site of the Navy Range Instrumentation Test Site which relies on an isolated diesel-powered grid for its energy needs. The island is located in the Pacific Ocean 85 miles southwest of Los Angeles, California and 65 miles south of the Naval Air Weapons Station (NAWS), Point Mugu, California. SNI is situated on the continental shelf at latitude N33{degree}14` and longitude W119{degree}27`. It is approximately 9 miles long and 3.6 miles wide and encompasses an area of 13,370 acres of land owned by the Navy in fee title. Winds on San Nicolas are prevailingly northwest and are strong most of the year. The average wind speed is 7.2 m/s (14 knots) and seasonal variation is small. The windiest months, March through July, have wind speeds averaging 8.2 m/s (16 knots). The least windy months, August through February, have wind speeds averaging 6.2 m/s (12 knots).

  20. Miocene structure of Mustang Island, Mustang Island East Addition and part of Matagorda Island, Outer Continental Shelf areas, Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasande, Robert

    1995-01-01

    Understanding the Miocene structure of Mustang Island and the neighboring areas in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico helps to increase knowledge of the geology and hence contribute to petroleum exploration and production in the area. Interpretation...

  1. Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu Wave Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu 1 Wave Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands Table of Contents Summary p2 Background: Wave Power Conversion p3 Licensing and Permitting p3 Challenges and Barriers p4 Wave Power Resources: Previous Work p5 Wave

  2. Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN), Partnering to Increase Island Energy Security Around the World (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-06-01

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the international partnership for Energy Development in Island nations, including mission, goals, and organization. It also includes background on EDIN's three pilot projects: U.S. Virgin Islands, Iceland-Dominica Collaboration, and New Zealand-Geothermal Potential in the Pacific.

  3. Distributed Wind Case Study: Cross Island Farms, Wellesley Island, New York (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01

    Installing a small wind turbine can sometimes be difficult due to economics, zoning issues, public perception, and other barriers. Persistence and innovation, however, can result in a successful installation. Dani Baker and David Belding own Cross Island Farms, a 102-acre certified organic farm on Wellesley Island in northern New York. In 2009, they took their interest in renewable energy to the next level by researching the logistics of a small wind installation on their land to make their farm even more sustainable. Their renewable energy system consists of one 10-kilowatt Bergey Excel wind turbine, a solar array, and a propane-powered generator. This case study describes funding for the project and the installation process.

  4. Distributed Wind Case Study: Cross Island Farms, Wellesley Island, New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-04-30

    Installing a small wind turbine can sometimes be challenging due to economics, zoning issues, public perception, and other barriers. Persistence and innovation, however, can result in a successful installation. Dani Baker and David Belding own Cross Island Farms, a 102-acre certified organic farm on Wellesley Island in northern New York. In 2009, they took their interest in renewable energy to the next level by researching the logistics of a small wind installation on their land to make their farm even more sustainable. Their renewable energy system consists of one 10-kilowatt Bergey Excel wind turbine, a solar array, and a propane-powered generator. This case study describes funding for the project and the installation process.

  5. Kinematic studies of transport across an island wake, with application to the Canary islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathias Sandulescu; Emilio Hernandez-Garcia; Cristobal Lopez; Ulrike Feudel

    2006-05-29

    Transport from nutrient-rich coastal upwellings is a key factor influencing biological activity in surrounding waters and even in the open ocean. The rich upwelling in the North-Western African coast is known to interact strongly with the wake of the Canary islands, giving rise to filaments and other mesoscale structures of increased productivity. Motivated by this scenario, we introduce a simplified two-dimensional kinematic flow describing the wake of an island in a stream, and study the conditions under which there is a net transport of substances across the wake. For small vorticity values in the wake, it acts as a barrier, but there is a transition when increasing vorticity so that for values appropriate to the Canary area, it entrains fluid and enhances cross-wake transport.

  6. Predictive Modeling of Steam Condensation onto Finned Tubes in the Presence of Noncondensable Gases for Passive Safety Reactor Containment Heat Exchangers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munoz-Cobo, Jose Luis [Universidad Politecnica de Valencia (Spain); Palomo, Maria Jose [Universidad Politecnica de Valencia (Spain); Herranz, Luis Enrique [CIEMAT (Spain)

    2001-04-15

    A mechanistic model is presented to predict the steam condensation on containment finned tubes in the presence of noncondensables (NCs). The total thermal resistance from bulk gas to coolant is formulated as a parallel combination of the convective and condensation gas resistances coupled in series to those of the condensate layer, the wall, and the coolant.The condensate layer thermal resistance is calculated by means of an Adamek-based model, while the gas mixture thermal resistance is formulated based on diffusion layer modeling.The model results are compared with the available experimental data of Wanniarachi and Rose for pure steam condensation on finned tubes and with the data of Mazzochi for condensation in the presence of NC gases.

  7. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands: Enewetak Island Resettlement Support (May-December 2001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T; Hickman, D; Conrado, C; Brown, T; Brunk, J; Marchetti, A; Cox, C; Martinelli, R; Kehl, S; Johannes, K; Henry, D; Bell, R T; Petersen, G

    2002-06-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former US test sites in the Marshall Islands. The plan is to engage local atoll communities in developing shared responsibilities for implementing radiation protection programs for resettled and resettling populations. Using pooled resources of the US Department of Energy and local atoll governments, individual radiation protection programs have been developed in whole-body counting and plutonium urinalysis to assess potential intakes of radionuclides from residual fallout contamination. The whole-body counting systems are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians. Samples of urine are collected from resettlement workers and island residents under controlled conditions and analyzed for plutonium isotopes at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory using advanced accelerator based measurement technologies. This web site provides an overview of the methodologies, a full disclosure of the measurement data, and a yearly assessment of estimated radiation doses to resettlement workers and island residents.

  8. Contact Undergraduate Admissions Office | Tel +44 (0)117 928 8154 Email socsci-ug-admissions@bristol.ac.uk 54 ACCOUnTing And FinAnCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    -ug-admissions@bristol.ac.uk 54 ACCOUnTing And FinAnCE FACULTY oF soCiAL sCienCes And LAw bristol.ac.uk Accounting and Finance As one of the UK's leading departments for Accounting and Finance, we offer you the opportunity to study and their application skills. bristol.ac.uk/accounting Why study Accounting and Finance at Bristol? Bristol has

  9. http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/fin03/pdf/H21.1.26torihiki.pdf http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/gen01/reiki_int/reiki_kaikei/zaimukaikeiininkitei.pdf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goda, Keisuke

    /reiki_int/reiki_honbun/au07407121.html http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/fin03/g04_j.html #12; 4://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/fin03/g04_j.html http://www.ron.gr.jp/law/law/dango_bo.htm http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/gen01/reiki 1 1100 2 21 3. 1. #12;http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/fin03/g04_01_j.html 1,300 1,000 http

  10. institution Service Fin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    available li If you supp will help us Using the C To determ and select your propo and contac have attes

  11. Re-evaluating the general dynamic theory of oceanic island biogeography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinbauer, Manuel Jonas; Dolos, Klara; Field, Richard; Reineking, Björn; Beierkuhnlein, Carl

    2013-01-01

    oceanic island biogeography integrates temporal changes in ecological circumstances with diversification processes, and has stimulated current

  12. Demographic and genetic structure of fossorial water voles (Arvicola terrestris) on Scottish islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lambin, Xavier

    - lations occupying both mainland and island systems are needed. A suitable system in which to compare

  13. Influence of air conditioning management on heat island in Paris air street temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of air conditioning management on heat island in Paris air street temperatures Brice 2012 Available online 13 March 2012 Keywords: Air conditioning Heat island mitigation Urban heat island killer'', is exacerbated in urban areas owing to the heat island effect. Air conditioning (A/C) is a key

  14. Can Microsatellites Be Used to Infer Phylogenies? Evidence from Population Affinities of the Western Canary Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorpe, Roger Stephen

    of the Western Canary Island Lizard (Gallotia galloti) Murielle Richard1 and Roger S. Thorpe2 School of the West- ern Canary Island lacertid (Gallotia galloti) as a model. The geological times of island in 12 populations from four islands (representing five haplotype lineages) was investigated in five

  15. Inferring dispersal: a Bayesian approach to phylogeny-based island biogeography,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García-Barros, Enrique

    , with special reference to the Canary Islands Isabel Sanmarti´n1 *, Paul van der Mark2 and Fredrik Ronquist2,3 1 set of published phylogenies of Canary Island organisms to examine overall dispersal rates archipelagos with special reference to the Atlantic Canary Islands. Methods The Canary Islands were divided

  16. ORIGINAL PAPER The diet of feral cats on islands: a review and a call for more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavaleta, Erika

    Santa Cruz de La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain M. Nogales Island Ecology and Evolution Research Group (IPNA-CSIC), Astrofi´sico Francisco Sa´nchez 3, 38206 La Laguna Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain BORIGINAL PAPER The diet of feral cats on islands: a review and a call for more studies E. Bonnaud

  17. Differences in flower visitation networks between an oceanic and a continental island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traveset, Anna

    communities of each of two different island systems: the Canary Islands (oceanic origin) and the BalearicDifferences in flower visitation networks between an oceanic and a continental island ROCÍO CASTRO, Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Spain Received 27 May 2013; revised 28 October 2013; accepted for publication

  18. Cats, rabbits, Myxoma virus, and vegetation on Macquarie Island: a comment on Bergstrom et al. (2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krebs, Charles J.

    2009-01-01

    ). Four mammalian pest species occurred on subantarctic Macquarie Island: cats Felis catus L., rabbits

  19. Non Stationary Operator Selection with Island Models Caner Candan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goëffon, Adrien

    Non Stationary Operator Selection with Island Models Caner Candan LERIA - Université d'Angers Angers, France caner.candan@univ-angers.fr Adrien Goëffon LERIA - Université d'Angers Angers, France

  20. A Dynamic Island Model for Adaptive Operator Selection Caner Candan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goëffon, Adrien

    A Dynamic Island Model for Adaptive Operator Selection Caner Candan LERIA - University of Angers Angers, France caner.candan@univ-angers.fr Adrien Goëffon LERIA - University of Angers Angers, France

  1. AN INVESTIGATION OF REMOTELY SENSED URBAN HEAT ISLAND CLIMATOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Leiqiu

    2014-08-31

    Satellite remotely sensed temperatures are widely used for urban heat island (UHI) studies. However, the abilities of satellite surface and atmospheric data to assess the climatology of UHI face many unknowns and challenges. ...

  2. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Dominica (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Commonwealth of Dominica, an island nation located southeast of Guadeloupe and northwest of Martinique in the Lesser Antilles.

  3. Measuring Edinburgh’s Surface Urban Heat Island 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackinnon, Kerr A H

    2013-10-27

    This project investigated Edinburgh’s surface urban heat island (SUHI) in relation to land cover and land use. Thermal channels of Landsat TM, Landsat ETM+ and ASTER imagery captured between 1999 and 2011 provide land surface temperatures (LST...

  4. American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Thanks to a grant through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, residents of American Samoa are able for the first time to purchase ENERGY STAR air conditioners – and for 30 percent off - through the Island's first appliance rebate program.

  5. Rhode Island Natural Gas Underground Storage Injections All Operators...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Rhode Island Natural Gas Underground Storage Injections All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1994 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1995 0...

  6. Visual Modeling for Aqua Ventus I off Monhegan Island, ME

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanna, Luke A.; Whiting, Jonathan M.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2013-11-27

    To assist the University of Maine in demonstrating a clear pathway to project completion, PNNL has developed visualization models of the Aqua Ventus I project that accurately depict the Aqua Ventus I turbines from various points on Monhegain Island, ME and the surrounding area. With a hub height of 100 meters, the Aqua Ventus I turbines are large and may be seen from many areas on Monhegan Island, potentially disrupting important viewsheds. By developing these visualization models, which consist of actual photographs taken from Monhegan Island and the surrounding area with the Aqua Ventus I turbines superimposed within each photograph, PNNL intends to support the project’s siting and permitting process by providing the Monhegan Island community and various other stakeholders with a probable glimpse of how the Aqua Ventus I project will appear.

  7. DWEA Webinar: Wind-Diesel and Islanded Grids

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DWEA is launching a monthly webinar program to discuss new developments in the industry. During the first webinar, experts will provide information on wind systems in the emerging market of island...

  8. A Simple Technique for Islanding Detection with Negligible Nondetection Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirtley Jr, James L.

    Although active islanding detection techniques have smaller nondetection zones than passive techniques, active methods could degrade the system power quality and are not as simple and easy to implement as passive methods. ...

  9. A numerical model simulation of longshore transport for Galveston Island 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbreath, Stephen Alexander

    1995-01-01

    The shoreline changes, deposition patterns, and longshore transport rates were calculated for the coast of Galveston Island using a numerical model simulation. The model only simulated changes due to waves creating longshore currents. East Beach...

  10. Fish assemblages on coral reefs in Guanaja, Bay Islands, Honduras 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahendran, Christopher Kandiah

    1999-01-01

    Species composition and relative abundance of ichthyofaunal assemblages on reefs surrounding Guanaja, Bay Islands, Honduras were censused from June through December 1996. Transect and random swim surveys were used to characterize community structure...

  11. Renewable Energy and Inter-Island Power Transmission (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorgian, V.

    2011-05-01

    This presentation summarizes recent findings pertaining to inter-island connection of renewable and other energy sources, in particular, as these findings relate cable options, routing, specifications, and pros and cons.

  12. Power Plant Options Report for Thompson Island prepared by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    .................................................................... 11 4.1. Hybrid2 ­ A Renewable Power System Model................................................ 11 4.......................................................................... 4 2.3. Thompson Island heating load....................................................................... 7 3. Grid-connected and Autonomous Renewable Power Systems ................................ 9 3

  13. Town of Babylon- Long Island Green Homes Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Long Island Green Homes Program is a self-financing residential retrofit program designed to support a goal of upgrading the energy efficiency of existing homes in the Town of Babylon. The...

  14. PSEG Long Island- Solar Initiative Feed-in Tariff

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The PSEG Long Island Feed-in Tariff II (FIT II) program provides fixed payments for electricity produced by approved photovoltaic systems over a fixed period of time. The program operates under a...

  15. A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Islanders have prevailed over adversity and risen to the top of their fields -- from medicine to business to the bench. But even now, too many hardworking AAPI families face...

  16. Quantitative analysis of forest island pattern in selected Ohio landscapes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowen, G.W.; Burgess, R.L.

    1981-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to quantitatively describe the various aspects of regional distribution patterns of forest islands and relate those patterns to other landscape features. Several maps showing the forest cover of various counties in Ohio were selected as representative examples of forest patterns to be quantified. Ten thousand hectare study areas (landscapes) were delineated on each map. A total of 15 landscapes representing a wide variety of forest island patterns was chosen. Data were converted into a series of continuous variables which contained information pertinent to the sizes, shape, numbers, and spacing of woodlots within a landscape. The continuous variables were used in a factor analysis to describe the variation among landscapes in terms of forest island pattern. The results showed that forest island patterns are related to topography and other environmental features correlated with topography.

  17. Energy Design Guidelines for High Performance Schools: Tropical Island Climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-11-01

    Design guidelines outline high performance principles for the new or retrofit design of K-12 schools in tropical island climates. By incorporating energy improvements into construction or renovation plans, schools can reduce energy consumption and costs.

  18. Rules and Regulations for Sewage Sludge Management (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of these rules and regulations is to ensure that sewage sludge that is treated, land applied, disposed, distributed, stockpiled or transported in the State of Rhode Island is done so in...

  19. Distribution, Growth, and Disturbance of Catalina Island Rhodoliths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tompkins, Paul Anthony

    2011-01-01

    seasonality. Sedimentology 41: 963-984 Friewald A (1998)Godinez-Orta L (2006) Sedimentology and acoustic mapping ofIsland, New Zealand. Sedimentology 55: 249-274 Orth RJ (

  20. Quaternary morphology and paleoenvironmental records of carbonate islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toomey, Michael (Michael Ryan)

    2014-01-01

    Here I use a simple numerical model of reef profile evolution to show that the present-day morphology of carbonate islands has developed largely in response to late Pleistocene sea level oscillations in addition to variable ...

  1. Amchitka Island, Alaska, Biological Monitoring Report 2011 Sampling Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-09-01

    The Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance (LTS&M) Plan for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) Amchitka Island sites describes how LM plans to conduct its mission to protect human health and the environment at the three nuclear test sites located on Amchitka Island, Alaska. Amchitka Island, near the western end of the Aleutian Islands, is approximately 1,340 miles west-southwest of Anchorage, Alaska. Amchitka is part of the Aleutian Island Unit of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, which is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Since World War II, Amchitka has been used by multiple U.S. government agencies for various military and research activities. From 1943 to 1950, it was used as a forward air base for the U.S. Armed Forces. During the middle 1960s and early 1970s, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) used a portion of the island as a site for underground nuclear tests. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the U.S. Navy constructed and operated a radar station on the island. Three underground nuclear tests were conducted on Amchitka Island. DOD, in conjunction with AEC, conducted the first nuclear test (named Long Shot) in 1965 to provide data that would improve the United States' capability of detecting underground nuclear explosions. The second nuclear test (Milrow) was a weapons-related test conducted by AEC in 1969 as a means to study the feasibility of detonating a much larger device. Cannikin, the third nuclear test on Amchitka, was a weapons-related test detonated on November 6, 1971. With the exception of small concentrations of tritium detected in surface water shortly after the Long Shot test, radioactive fission products from the tests remain in the subsurface at each test location As a continuation of the environmental monitoring that has taken place on Amchitka Island since before 1965, LM in the summer of 2011 collected biological and seawater samples from the marine and terrestrial environment of Amchitka Island adjacent to the three detonation sites and at a background or reference site, Adak Island, 180 miles to the east. Consistent with the goals of the Amchitka LTS&M Plan, four data quality objectives (DQOs) were developed for the 2011 sampling event.

  2. Diversification processes in an island radiation of shrews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esselstyn, Jacob Aaron

    2010-04-22

    , and thus are subjt to phylogenetic study. Whatever the cause, most 16 studis investigang the tempo of diversifcation examine continental raditions and 17 many have inferred t putative density-dependent patern (McPek 2008; Philimore and 18 Price 2008...; Pric 2008). Although island funas have ben the focus of intensive study 19 by evolutionary biologist, i remins an open question wtr declining rats of 20 diversifcation is the norm in island archipelagos, where tre a enormous opportunities 21...

  3. Aleutian Pribilof Islands Wind Energy Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce A. Wright

    2012-03-27

    Under this project, the Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association (APIA) conducted wind feasibility studies for Adak, False Pass, Nikolski, Sand Point and St. George. The DOE funds were also be used to continue APIA's role as project coordinator, to expand the communication network quality between all participants and with other wind interest groups in the state and to provide continued education and training opportunities for regional participants. This DOE project began 09/01/2005. We completed the economic and technical feasibility studies for Adak. These were funded by the Alaska Energy Authority. Both wind and hydro appear to be viable renewable energy options for Adak. In False Pass the wind resource is generally good but the site has high turbulence. This would require special care with turbine selection and operations. False Pass may be more suitable for a tidal project. APIA is funded to complete a False Pass tidal feasibility study in 2012. Nikolski has superb potential for wind power development with Class 7 wind power density, moderate wind shear, bi-directional winds and low turbulence. APIA secured nearly $1M from the United States Department of Agriculture Rural Utilities Service Assistance to Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs to install a 65kW wind turbine. The measured average power density and wind speed at Sand Point measured at 20m (66ft), are 424 W/m2 and 6.7 m/s (14.9 mph) respectively. Two 500kW Vestas turbines were installed and when fully integrated in 2012 are expected to provide a cost effective and clean source of electricity, reduce overall diesel fuel consumption estimated at 130,000 gallons/year and decrease air emissions associated with the consumption of diesel fuel. St. George Island has a Class 7 wind resource, which is superior for wind power development. The current strategy, led by Alaska Energy Authority, is to upgrade the St. George electrical distribution system and power plant. Avian studies in Nikolski and Sand Point have allowed for proper wind turbine siting without killing birds, especially endangered species and bald eagles. APIA continues coordinating and looking for funding opportunities for regional renewable energy projects. An important goal for APIA has been, and will continue to be, to involve community members with renewable energy projects and energy conservation efforts.

  4. Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rafe M.

    2011-01-01

    We report 35 new amphibian and reptile distribution records for two regions within the southern Sierra Madre Mountain Range, Aurora Province, central Luzon Island, Philippines. Together with results of our previous survey work in Aurora, our new...

  5. Approaching the Island of Inversion: 34P

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bender, P.C.; Hoffman, C.R.; Wiedeking, M.; Allmond, J.M.; Bernstein, L.A.; Burke, J.T.; Bleuel, D.L.; Clark, R.M.; Fallon, P.; Goldblum, B.L.; Hinners, T.A.; Jeppesen, H.B.; Lee, Sangjin; Lee, I.Y.; Lesher, S.R.; Machiavelli, A.O.; McMahan, M.A.; Morris, D.; Perry, M.; Phair, L.; Scielzo, N.D.; Tabor, S.L.; Tripathi, Vandana; Volya, A.

    2011-06-14

    Yrast states in 34P were investigated using the 18O(18O,pn) reaction at energies of 20, 24, 25, 30, and 44 MeV at Florida State University and at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The level scheme was expanded, ray angular distributions were measured, and lifetimes were inferred with the Doppler-shift attenuation method by detecting decay protons in coincidence with one or more rays. The results provide a clearer picture of the evolution of structure approaching the 'Island of Inversion', particularly how the 1 and 2 particle-hole (ph) states fall in energy with increasing neutro number approaching inversion. However, the agreement of the lowest few states with pure sd shell model predictions shows that the level scheme of 34P is not itself inverted. Rather, the accumulated evidence indicates that the 1-ph states start at 2.3 MeV. A good candidate for the lowest 2-ph state lies at 6236 keV, just below the neutron separation energy of 6291 keV. Shell model calculations made using a small modification of the WBP interaction reproduce the negative-parity, 1-ph states rather well.

  6. An updated dose assessment for Rongelap Island

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T.

    1994-07-01

    We have updated the radiological dose assessment for Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll using data generated from field trips to the atoll during 1986 through 1993. The data base used for this dose assessment is ten fold greater than that available for the 1982 assessment. Details of each data base are presented along with details about the methods used to calculate the dose from each exposure pathway. The doses are calculated for a resettlement date of January 1, 1995. The maximum annual effective dose is 0.26 mSv y{sup {minus}1} (26 mrem y{sup {minus}1}). The estimated 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 0.0059 Sv (0.59 rem), 0.0082 Sv (0.82 rem), and 0.0097 Sv (0.97 rem), respectively. More than 95% of these estimated doses are due to 137-Cesium ({sup 137}Cs). About 1.5% of the estimated dose is contributed by 90-Strontium ({sup 90}Sr), and about the same amount each by 239+240-Plutonium ({sup 239+240}PU), and 241-Americium ({sup 241}Am).

  7. Using Cool Roofs to Reduce Energy Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Urban Heat-island Effects: Findings from an India Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, Hashem

    2011-01-01

    below: ?Urban Heat Islands and Mitigation Technologies?India ?Urban Heat Islands and Mitigation Technologies?India ?Urban Heat Islands and Mitigation Technologies? India

  8. STRAWBERRY ISLAND PHASE III EROSION CONTROL AND WETLAND HABITAT RESTORATION: A CASE STUDY IN THE SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION OF IN-LIEU FEE MITIGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spierto, Timothy J.; Lazazzero, Sarah A.; Nelson, Patricia L.

    2003-01-01

    Corporation. 1988. Strawberry Island Draft Report. Barrow,1996. Bossert, H. D. 1973. Strawberry Island, Theories as to1998. Geologic Study or Strawberry Island, Niagara River,

  9. Using Cool Roofs to Reduce Energy Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Urban Heat-island Effects: Findings from an India Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, Hashem

    2011-01-01

    from heat island control ..Taha, H. 1990. "Summer Heat Islands, Urban Trees, and WhiteGas Emissions, and Urban Heat- island Effects: Findings from

  10. In-plane electric fields in magnetic islands during collisionless magnetic reconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Lijen; Bhattacharjee, Amitava; Torbert, Roy B.; Bessho, Naoki; Daughton, William; Roytershteyn, Vadim

    2012-11-15

    Magnetic islands are a common feature in both the onset and nonlinear evolution of magnetic reconnection. In collisionless regimes, the onset typically occurs within ion-scale current layers leading to the formation of magnetic islands when multiple X lines are involved. The nonlinear evolution of reconnection often gives rise to extended electron current layers (ECL) which are also unstable to formation of magnetic islands. Here, we show that the excess negative charge and strong out-of-plane electron velocity in the ECL are passed on to the islands generated therein, and that the corresponding observable distinguishing the islands generated in the ECL is the strongly enhanced in-plane electric fields near the island core. The islands formed in ion-scale current layers do not have these properties of the ECL-generated islands. The above result provides a way to assess the occurrence and importance of extended ECLs that are unstable to island formation in space and laboratory plasmas.

  11. Geology and geochemistry of the Geyser Bight Geothermal Area, Umnak Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nye, C.J. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst. Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairbanks, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Motyka, R.J. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Juneau, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Turner, D.L. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst.); Liss, S.A. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairba

    1990-10-01

    The Geyser Bight geothermal area is located on Umnak Island in the central Aleutian Islands. It contains one of the hottest and most extensive areas of thermal springs and fumaroles in Alaska, and is only documented site in Alaska with geysers. The zone of hot springs and fumaroles lies at the head of Geyser Creek, 5 km up a broad, flat, alluvial valley from Geyser Bight. At present central Umnak is remote and undeveloped. This report describes results of a combined program of geologic mapping, K-Ar dating, detailed description of hot springs, petrology and geochemistry of volcanic and plutonic rock units, and chemistry of geothermal fluids. Our mapping documents the presence of plutonic rock much closer to the area of hotsprings and fumaroles than previously known, thus increasing the probability that plutonic rock may host the geothermal system. K-Ar dating of 23 samples provides a time framework for the eruptive history of volcanic rocks as well as a plutonic cooling age.

  12. Examples of cooler reflective streets for urban heat-island mitigation : Portland cement concrete and chip seals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomerantz, M.; Akbari, H.; Chang, S.-C.; Levinson, R.; Pon, B.

    2003-01-01

    1995). “Mitigation of Urban Heat Islands: Materials, UtilityStreets for Urban Heat-Island Mitigation: Portland CementR. Levinson and B. Pon Heat Island Group Energy Analysis

  13. Evolution in the Canary Islands. I. Phylogenetic Relations in the Genus Echium (Boraginaceae) as Shown by Trichome Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradshaw, William E.

    Evolution in the Canary Islands. I. Phylogenetic Relations in the Genus Echium (Boraginaceae-threespeciesofEchiumfromthe Canary Islands and Madeira werestudiedin orderto relate growthformtoevolutionarystatusand ecology hypothesisoftheevolutionofannualplants,and ofitsopposite,thetheoryofinsularwoodiness. Introduction The Canary Islands have long been

  14. COMPARISON OF THE FATE OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER IN TWO COASTAL SYSTEMS: HOG ISLAND BAY, VA (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Deborah

    COMPARISON OF THE FATE OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER IN TWO COASTAL SYSTEMS: HOG ISLAND BAY, VA (USA) AND PLUM ISLAND SOUND, MA (USA) A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the School of Marine Science............................... 55 DISCUSSION ................................................................... 57 Plum Island

  15. Statistics of the Island-Around-Island Hierarchy in Hamiltonian Phase Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Or Alus; Shmuel Fishman; James D. Meiss

    2014-12-10

    The phase space of a typical Hamiltonian system contains both chaotic and regular orbits, mixed in a complex, fractal pattern. One oft-studied phenomenon is the algebraic decay of correlations and recurrence time distributions. For area-preserving maps, this has been attributed to the stickiness of boundary circles, which separate chaotic and regular components. Though such dynamics has been extensively studied, a full understanding depends on many fine details that typically are beyond experimental and numerical resolution. This calls for a statistical approach, the subject of the present work. We calculate the statistics of the boundary circle winding numbers, contrasting the distribution of the elements of their continued fractions to that for uniformly selected irrationals. Since phase space transport is of great interest for dynamics, we compute the distributions of fluxes through island chains. Analytical fits show that the "level" and "class" distributions are distinct, and evidence for their universality is given.

  16. Undersea line planned to transmit to an island

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-09

    The electric utility serving Nantucket Island in Massachusetts, which until now has generated its own power, plans to lay 25 miles of transmission cable to connect with New England's mainland grid. The line will allow the utility to purchase less costly power and retire several old generators, improving both reliability and air quality on the island. Nantucket Electric Co. says the 33-Mw submarine link, costing at least $23 million, probably will connect with a line near the elbow on Cape Cod. The undersea cable will be as deep as 60 ft. Nantucket Electric plans to form a partnership within a few months with a mainland utility or private producer that would help finance the project and sell the power. The island utility has preliminary approval by the state Industrial Finance Agency for a tax-exempt bond issue to finance the cable, contingent on its finding a partner.

  17. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF APOIDEA (ANTHOPHILA) AND THEIR USE OF FLORAL RESOURCES ON THE ISLAND OF MO'OREA, FRENCH POLYNESIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rejas, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    disharmonic nature of island systems of the Pacific, whereas is the case in many island systems (Barrett et al. 1996,

  18. Remedial Action Work Plan Amchitka Island Mud Pit Closures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DOE/NV

    2001-04-05

    This remedial action work plan presents the project organization and construction procedures developed for the performance of the remedial actions at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE's) sites on Amchitka Island, Alaska. During the late1960s and early 1970s, the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (the predecessor agency to DOE) used Amchitka Island as a site for underground nuclear tests. A total of nine sites on the Island were considered for nuclear testing; however, tests were only conducted at three sites (i.e., Long Shot in 1965, Milrow in 1969, and Cannikin in 1971). In addition to these three sites, large diameter emplacement holes were drilled in two other locations (Sites D and F) and an exploratory hole was in a third location (Site E). It was estimated that approximately 195 acres were disturbed by drilling or preparation for drilling in conjunction with these activities. The disturbed areas include access roads, spoil-disposal areas, mud pits which have impacted the environment, and an underground storage tank at the hot mix plant which was used to support asphalt-paving operations on the island. The remedial action objective for Amchitka Island is to eliminate human and ecological exposure to contaminants by capping drilling mud pits, removing the tank contents, and closing the tank in place. The remedial actions will meet State of Alaska regulations, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service refuge management goals, address stakeholder concerns, and address the cultural beliefs and practices of the native people. The U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office will conduct work on Amchitka Island under the authority of the Comprehensive Emergency Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. Field activities are scheduled to take place May through September 2001. The results of these activities will be presented in a subsequent Closure Report.

  19. Hotspots within hotspots? Hammerhead shark movements around Wolf Island, Galapagos Marine Reserve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hearn, Alex; Ketchum, James; Klimley, A. Peter; Espinoza, Eduardo; Peñaherrera, Cesar

    2010-01-01

    showing major islands and oceanic currents affecting itsOceanic islands, like seamounts, provide structure to both ocean bathymetry and currentcurrent (Barton 2001). Enhanced primary production downstream of oceanic

  20. A multi-proxy approach to assessing isolation basin stratigraphy from the Lofoten Islands, Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, Raymond S.

    A multi-proxy approach to assessing isolation basin stratigraphy from the Lofoten Islands, Norway Lofoten Islands Norway This study takes a comprehensive approach to characterizing the isolation sequence source. Methods of characterizing isolation basin stratigraphy traditionally rely on microfossil

  1. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Saint Martin/Sint Maarten

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-09-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the northeast Caribbean island Saint Martin. The island is divided between two nations, France in the north (Saint-Martin) and the Netherlands in the south (Sint Maarten).

  2. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - St. Kitts & Nevis; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Federation of St. Christopher (St. Kitts) and Nevis - two islands located in the Leeward Islands in the West Indies.

  3. U.S. Virgin Islands Ramping Up Clean Energy Efforts with an Eye...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. Virgin Islands Ramping Up Clean Energy Efforts with an Eye Toward a Sustainable Future U.S. Virgin Islands Ramping Up Clean Energy Efforts with an Eye Toward a Sustainable...

  4. Modeling Microgrid Islanding Problems as DCOPs Saurabh Gupta, William Yeoh, Enrico Pontelli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeoh, William

    Modeling Microgrid Islanding Problems as DCOPs Saurabh Gupta, William Yeoh, Enrico Pontelli, we formulate the microgrid islanding problem as distributed constraint optimization problem (DCOP the potential of distributed constraint reasoning paradigm as a candidate for solving common microgrids problems

  5. U.S. Coast Guard, Kodiak Island, Alaska | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. Coast Guard, Kodiak Island, Alaska October 7, 2013 - 2:01pm Addthis Photo of new boiler at Kodiak Island facility The first delivery order included upgrades to the steam...

  6. U.S. Virgin Islands Wind Resources Update 2014 (Technical Report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    U.S. Virgin Islands Wind Resources Update 2014 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: U.S. Virgin Islands Wind Resources Update 2014 This report summarizes the data collected...

  7. Distribution and abundance of endangered Florida Key deer on outer islands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, Dominque Elijah

    2007-04-25

    -based survey data. All outer islands exhibited estimated abundances considerably below carrying capacities, with larger populations occurring closer to Big Pine Key. Results indicated that other islands and complexes such as Ramrod Key, Water Key...

  8. Review Article Seismic sequence near Zakynthos Island, Greece, April 2006: Identification of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Review Article Seismic sequence near Zakynthos Island, Greece, April 2006: Identification of Patras, Seismological Laboratory, Patras, Greece b Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics Zakynthos Island The April 2006 earthquake sequence near Zakynthos (Western Greece) is analysed to identify

  9. Management of the coastal zone in Small Island Developing States; coastal defences and sustainable tourism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chambers, Jennifer

    2014-11-27

    Barbados, as with many Small Island Developing States has a tourism-dependent economy. Climate change and its effects pose a great threat to the coastal tourism facilities the island has to offer, particularly vulnerable are beaches. The government...

  10. Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy Vision and Road Map Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy Vision and Road Map A diverse set...

  11. Tropical Island Invaders: Swamp Harrier (Circus approximans) Behavior and Seabird Predatioin on Moorea, French Polynesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcox, Rebecca C

    2009-01-01

    because it is a model island system (Vitousek 2002) and thePeter. 2002. Oceanic islands as model systems for ecologicalislands where endemism is high and diversity is low. Introduced predatory invasive organisms can damage fragile systems

  12. Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs April 16, 2013 - 12:20pm Addthis Located near...

  13. Virus-vectored immunocontraception to control feral cats on islands: a mathematical model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courchamp, Franck

    CB2 3EJ, UK Summary 1. Feral cats Felis catus introduced onto oceanic islands pose a major ecological-words: baits, biological control, Felis catus, introduced predator, island conser- vation, mammal pest, VVIC

  14. Island precipitation enhancement and the diurnal cycle in radiative-convective equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronin, Timothy W.

    To understand why tropical islands are rainier than nearby ocean areas, we explore how a highly idealized island, which differs from the surrounding ocean only in heat capacity, might respond to the diurnal cycle and ...

  15. Effects of Hurricane Katrina on the Mammalian and Vegetative Communities of the Barrier Islands of Mississippi 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scoggin, Annaliese K.

    2010-01-14

    The barrier islands of the gulf coast of the U.S. have been shaped and changed by hurricanes for centuries. These storms can alter the vegetation of the barrier islands by redistributing sediments, scouring off vegetation, physical damage...

  16. Energy Department Helps Advance Island Clean Energy Goals (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-10-01

    This U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) fact sheet highlights a June 2012 solar power purchase agreement between the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority and three corporations. The fact sheet describes how financial support from DOE and technical assistance from DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory enabled the U.S. Virgin Islands to realistically assess its clean energy resources and identify the most viable and cost-effective solutions to its energy challenges--resulting in a $65 million investment in solar energy in the territory.

  17. MHK Projects/Willow Island | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoosSlough BendVidal IslandWestWaveWillapaIsland

  18. Independent Verification Survey Report for the Long Island Solar Farm, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E.M. Harpenau

    2010-11-15

    5119-SR-01-0 INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION SURVEY REPORT FOR THE LONG ISLAND SOLAR FARM, BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY

  19. Energy Transition Initiative, Island Energy Snapshot - Jamaica; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-04-06

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Jamaica, an island nation located in the north Caribbean Sea.

  20. Management implications of the Macquarie Island trophic cascade revisited: a reply to Dowding et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krebs, Charles J.

    cats Felis catus on sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island were exerting top-down control on the feral rabbit

  1. Hypersonic drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas R. Fitzpatrick and F. L. Waelbroeck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    heat and particles are able to travel radially from one side of an island to another by flowing alongHypersonic drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas R. Fitzpatrick and F. L. Waelbroeck of helical magnetic island equilibria in the pedestals of H-mode tokamak plasmas Phys. Plasmas 17, 062503

  2. Exploring the LandOcean Contrast in Convective Vigor Using Islands F. J. ROBINSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherwood, Steven

    was idealized, with islands represented by regions of uniform surface heat flux without orography, using a rangeExploring the Land­Ocean Contrast in Convective Vigor Using Islands F. J. ROBINSON Department) observations over islands of increasing size to those simulated by a cloud- resolving model. The observed

  3. Nonlinear dynamics of feedback modulated magnetic islands in toroidal plasmas Richard Fitzpatrick and Franois L. Waelbroeck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    because both heat and particles are able to travel radially from one side of an island chain to the otherNonlinear dynamics of feedback modulated magnetic islands in toroidal plasmas Richard Fitzpatrick-induced magnetic responses during nonlinear dynamics of magnetic islands due to resonant magnetic perturbations

  4. Impacts of landscape structure on surface urban heat islands: A case study of Shanghai, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    Impacts of landscape structure on surface urban heat islands: A case study of Shanghai, China in revised form 6 June 2011 Accepted 9 July 2011 Available online 5 August 2011 Keywords: Urban heat island of the ecological consequences of urbanization is the urban heat island (UHI) effect, which leads to higher

  5. 2 Urban heat island in the subsurface 3 Grant Ferguson1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodbury, Allan D.

    2 Urban heat island in the subsurface 3 Grant Ferguson1 and Allan D. Woodbury2 4 Received 11 heat island effect has received significant 7 attention in recent years due to the possible effect that the urban heat island 19 effect has significant and complex spatial variability. In 20 most situations

  6. HEAT ISLAND OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS DETECTED BY MODIS/AQUA TEMPERATURE PRODUCT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at San Antonio, University of

    HEAT ISLAND OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS DETECTED BY MODIS/AQUA TEMPERATURE PRODUCT Hongjie Xie, Huade resolution) of time period June 1 to September 30 from year 2002 to 2005 to study the heat island (HI:30 am, CST) data have been used. The existence of a heat island (HI) of the San Antonio downtown area

  7. Strain relief and Pd island shape evolution on the palladium and palladium hydride (100) surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolesnikov, S. V.; Klavsyuk, A. L.; Saletsky, A. M. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

    2012-06-15

    The mesoscopic relaxation of small Pd islands on Pd(100) and PdH(100) surfaces is investigated on the atomic scale by performing molecular statics calculations. A strong strain and stress inhomogeneity in islands and topmost layers of the substrate is revealed. An unusual size dependence of the shape of islands is discovered.

  8. Windgenerated eddy characteristics in the lee of the island of Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    Click Here for Full Article Windgenerated eddy characteristics in the lee of the island of Hawaii to clarify the mesoscale eddy characteristics in the lee of the island of Hawaii, the largest island. In the immediate lee southwest of Hawaii (Region E), eddy signals have a predominant 60 day period and a short

  9. Gravity anomalies of the Northern Hawaiian Islands: Implications on the shield evolutions of Kauai and Niihau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Garrett

    Gravity anomalies of the Northern Hawaiian Islands: Implications on the shield evolutions of Kauai reveal two positive residual gravity anomalies in the Northern Hawaiian Islands: one over Kaua'i, the other between the islands of Kaua'i and Ni'ihau. These gravitational highs are similar in size

  10. Hybridization in the Catalina Island Mountain Mahogany (Cercocarpus traskiae):RAPD Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieseberg, Loren

    Hybridization in the Catalina Island Mountain Mahogany (Cercocarpus traskiae):RAPD Evidence LOREN H.S.A. Introduction The Catalina Island mountain mahogany is one of 10 species of shrubs and small trees (Lis 1992 1992). The Catalina Island mountain mahogany (C. traskiae East- wood) is one of the most distinctive

  11. Aalborg Universitet Distributed Secondary Control for Islanded MicroGrids A Networked Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Distributed Secondary Control for Islanded MicroGrids ­ A Networked Control, Q., Vasquez, J. C., & Guerrero, J. M. (2012). Distributed Secondary Control for Islanded MicroGrids M.; , "Distributed secondary control for islanded MicroGrids - A networked control systems approach

  12. Voltage and frequency control of islanded microgrids: a plug-and-play approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo

    Voltage and frequency control of islanded microgrids: a plug-and-play approach Stefano Riverso propose a new decentralized control scheme for Islanded microGrids (ImGs) composed by the interconnection. INTRODUCTION In recent years, research on Islanded microGrids (ImG) has received major attention. ImGs are self

  13. Aalborg Universitet Model Order Reductions for Stability Analysis of Islanded Microgrids with Droop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Model Order Reductions for Stability Analysis of Islanded Microgrids with Droop. C., & Guerrero, J. M. (2015). Model Order Reductions for Stability Analysis of Islanded Microgrids.aau.dk on: juli 07, 2015 #12;1 Model Order Reductions for Stability Analysis of Islanded Microgrids

  14. Plug-and-play voltage and frequency control of islanded microgrids with meshed topology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo

    1 Plug-and-play voltage and frequency control of islanded microgrids with meshed topology Stefano--In this paper we propose a new decentralized control scheme for Islanded microGrids (ImGs) composed proposed in IEEE standards. I. INTRODUCTION In recent years, research on Islanded microGrids (ImG) has

  15. Aalborg Universitet Power Flow Analysis Algorithm for Islanded LV Microgrids Including Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Power Flow Analysis Algorithm for Islanded LV Microgrids Including Distributed., & Guerrero, J. M. (2014). Power Flow Analysis Algorithm for Islanded LV Microgrids Including Distributed.aau.dk on: juli 04, 2015 #12;Power Flow Analysis Algorithm for Islanded LV Microgrids Including Distributed

  16. Momentum flux estimates for South Georgia Island mountain waves in the stratosphere observed via satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, M. Joan

    Momentum flux estimates for South Georgia Island mountain waves in the stratosphere observed via observations of mountain wave events in the stratosphere above South Georgia Island in the remote southern important drag forces on the circulation. Small island orography is generally neglected in mountain wave

  17. PLANT ASSEMBLAGE STRUCTURE ON BARRIER ISLAND `PIMPLE' DUNES AT THE VIRGINIA COAST RESERVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Deborah

    PLANT ASSEMBLAGE STRUCTURE ON BARRIER ISLAND `PIMPLE' DUNES AT THE VIRGINIA COAST RESERVE LONG ASSEMBLAGE STRUCTURE ON BARRIER ISLAND `PIMPLE' DUNES AT THE VIRGINIA COAST RESERVE LONG-TERM ECOLOGICAL', small, rounded dunes forming along main dune ridges of the barrier islands. There are distinct plant

  18. Inorganic islands on a highly stretchable polyimide substrate Jeong-Yun Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    Inorganic islands on a highly stretchable polyimide substrate Jeong-Yun Sun Department of Material. A polyimide substrate is first coated with a thin layer of an elastomer, on top of which SiNx islands, but SiNx islands on much stiffer polyimide (PI) sub- strates crack and debond when the substrates

  19. Origin and Age of the Marine Stygofauna of Lanzarote, Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    Origin and Age of the Marine Stygofauna of Lanzarote, Canary Islands HORSTWILKENS crustaceans, previously known only from the Jameos del Agua marine lava tube in Lanzarote, Canary Islands, November 1986 ISSN 0072-9612 Lanzarote, at the eastern end of the Canary Islands, possesses one

  20. Contradiction in conservation of island ecosystems: plants, introduced herbivores and avian scavengers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donázar, José A.

    scavengers in the Canary Islands LAURA GANGOSO1, *, JOSE´ A. DONA´ ZAR1 , STEPHAN SCHOLZ2 , CE´ SAR J rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus were introduced in the Canary Islands around 500 B.C. Barbary ground. It is urgently necessary to harmonize farming and conservation objectives in the Canary Islands. The impact

  1. Monsoon surges trigger oceanic eddy formation and propagation in the lee of the Philippine Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with eddies that form in the lee of the Cabo Verde and Canary Islands [Chavanne et al., 2002; Sangra et al., 2007]. The Hawaii, Cabo Verde and Canary Islands are located in the trades where winds have typicalMonsoon surges trigger oceanic eddy formation and propagation in the lee of the Philippine Islands

  2. Wide-angle seismic constraints on the internal structure of Tenerife, Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    Wide-angle seismic constraints on the internal structure of Tenerife, Canary Islands J.P. Canalesa of Tenerife, Canary Islands. The experiment was designed as a seismic fan pro®le to detect azimuthal rights reserved. Keywords: seismic structure; P-wave velocity anomaly; Tenerife; Canary Islands 1

  3. Journal of Biogeography (1992)I9,383-390 Habitat distribution of canary chaffinchesamong islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrascal, Luis M.

    1992-01-01

    Journal of Biogeography (1992)I9,383-390 Habitat distribution of canary chaffinchesamong islands studied for the Canary Islands (Tenerife and El Hierro). The Common Chaffinch was significantly denser time. Key words. Canary Islands, Chaffinches (Fringilla spp.), habitat preferences, competitive

  4. Following more than 30 years of seismic and volcanic quiescence, the Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sleeman, Reinoud

    Following more than 30 years of seismic and volcanic quiescence, the Canary Islands region located History Several eruptions have taken place in the Canary Islands in the last 500 years, all of them, TRANSACTIONS, AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION PAGES 61,65 Monitoring the Reawakening of Canary Islands'Teide Volcano

  5. SHORT COMMUNICATION The possible origin of Zostera noltii in the Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borges, Rita

    SHORT COMMUNICATION The possible origin of Zostera noltii in the Canary Islands and guidelines are declining worldwide. Zostera noltii in the Canary Islands has been drastically reduced, mainly of the Canary Islands (Pavo´n-Salas et al. 2000). Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Ascherson is the most abundant

  6. A seismic reflection profile study of lithospheric flexure in the vicinity of the Cape Verde Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    ., 1994], Tuamotu [Ito et al., 1995], Canary Islands [Watts et al., 1997], La Re´union [Charvis et al Islands M. Y. Ali and A. B. Watts Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK I. Hill the stratigraphic ``architecture'' of the flexural moat that flanks the Cape Verde Islands. The moat region

  7. The recycling of marine carbonates and sources of HIMU and FOZO ocean island basalts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castillo, PR

    2015-01-01

    of OIB from Mangaia and Canary islands. The intersections ofoccur in Canary and Cape Verde Islands (Hoernle et al. ,island group, the slope of Pb/ 207 Pb line represents roughly the interval of time (Mangaia, about 3.2 Ga; Canary,

  8. Scatterometer observations of wind variations induced by oceanic islands: Implications for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scatterometer observations of wind variations induced by oceanic islands: Implications for wind-driven of the Hawaiian and Cabo Verde islands on the mean atmospheric flow. A wake of weak winds, flanked by accelerated winds, appears for each major island of both archipelagos. The resulting wind stress curl displays

  9. Subsidized Island Biogeography Hypothesis: another new twist on an old theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wait, D. Alexander

    the standard species±area curve that explains many larger island systems so well. Our conceptual model (Polis & Hurd 1996). In effect, if islands receive material from the surrounding system, these subsidiesSubsidized Island Biogeography Hypothesis: another new twist on an old theory Abstract We present

  10. Immersive Second Language Acquisition in Narrow Domains: A Prototype ISLAND Dialogue System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Immersive Second Language Acquisition in Narrow Domains: A Prototype ISLAND Dialogue System Ian Mc and imple- mented an ISLAND dialogue system in Mandarin Chinese. Our ISLAND is immersive, in that no content technology in general and spoken di- alogue systems in particular have the potential to bridge this gap

  11. Fluctuations in systemsFluctuations in systems with superconducting islandswith superconducting islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fominov, Yakov

    Fluctuations in systemsFluctuations in systems with superconducting islandswith superconducting islands Mikhail A. Skvortsov Mikhail V. Feigel'man Anatoly I. Larkin Landau Institute, Moscow #12;OutlineOutline #12;Uniform materials, grains, islandsUniform materials, grains, islands #12;Two mechanism of

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 MILP Formulation for Islanding of Power Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grothey, Andreas

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 MILP Formulation for Islanding of Power Networks P. A. Trodden prevented by intentionally splitting the system into islands [10]. By isolating the faulty part formulation for the islanding of power networks is presented. Given an area of uncertainty in the network

  13. Island biogeography from regional to local scales: evidence for a spatially

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreft, Holger

    - cies pool. INTRODUCTION Island systems have long played a crucial role in biogeo- graphicalORIGINAL ARTICLE Island biogeography from regional to local scales: evidence for a spatially scaled of this study was to investigate whether the equilibrium theory of island biogeography (ETIB) is equally

  14. Sculpting Semiconductor Heteroepitaxial Islands: From Dots to Rods J. T. Robinson,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul G.

    that may be exploited to tailor the functionality of island arrays in heteroepitaxial systems. DOI: 10 been shown to mediate the growth of high-quality, single-crystalline films in systems in which island island growth. In general, investigations of this system have focused on the characterization of fundamen

  15. size; island size promoted abundances of some organisms and reduced others (Fig. 1). Second,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Springer, Timothy A.

    - systems. Although a growing number of studies have used the concepts developed in island geographysize; island size promoted abundances of some organisms and reduced others (Fig. 1). Second, our study found diversity, community compo- sition, and ecosystem functioning all responded to island

  16. The Evolution of Ocean Island Systems: A New Community Perspective from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geist, Dennis

    The Evolution of Ocean Island Systems: A New Community Perspective from the Galápagos Report of Oregon #12;2 The Evolution of Ocean Island Systems: A New Community Perspective from the Galápagos and other ocean island systems, such a complete picture of physiographic and ecological evolution has

  17. Kauai Island Utility Cooperative energy storage study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akhil, Abbas Ali; Yamane, Mike; Murray, Aaron T.

    2009-06-01

    Sandia National Laboratories performed an assessment of the benefits of energy storage for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative. This report documents the methodology and results of this study from a generation and production-side benefits perspective only. The KIUC energy storage study focused on the economic impact of using energy storage to shave the system peak, which reduces generator run time and consequently reduces fuel and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. It was determined that a 16-MWh energy storage system would suit KIUC's needs, taking into account the size of the 13 individual generation units in the KIUC system and a system peak of 78 MW. The analysis shows that an energy storage system substantially reduces the run time of Units D1, D2, D3, and D5 - the four smallest and oldest diesel generators at the Port Allen generating plant. The availability of stored energy also evens the diurnal variability of the remaining generation units during the off- and on-peak periods. However, the net economic benefit is insufficient to justify a load-leveling type of energy storage system at this time. While the presence of storage helps reduce the run time of the smaller and older units, the economic dispatch changes and the largest most efficient unit in the KIUC system, the 27.5-MW steam-injected combustion turbine at Kapaia, is run for extra hours to provide the recharge energy for the storage system. The economic benefits of the storage is significantly reduced because the charging energy for the storage is derived from the same fuel source as the peak generation source it displaces. This situation would be substantially different if there were a renewable energy source available to charge the storage. Especially, if there is a wind generation resource introduced in the KIUC system, there may be a potential of capturing the load-leveling benefits as well as using the storage to dampen the dynamic instability that the wind generation could introduce into the KIUC grid. General Electric is presently conducting such a study and results of this study will be available in the near future. Another study conducted by Electric Power Systems, Inc. (EPS) in May 2006 took a broader approach to determine the causes of KIUC system outages. This study concluded that energy storage with batteries will provide stability benefits and possibly eliminate the load shedding while also providing positive voltage control. Due to the lack of fuel diversity in the KIUC generation mix, SNL recommends that KIUC continue its efforts to quantify the dynamic benefits of storage. The value of the dynamic benefits, especially as an enabler of renewable generation such as wind energy, may be far greater than the production cost benefits alone. A combination of these benefits may provide KIUC sufficient positive economic and operational benefits to implement an energy storage project that will contribute to the overall enhancement of the KIUC system.

  18. A MESSAGE TO VETERANS The University of Rhode Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    , be entitled to classification as a Rhode Island resident for the purposes of determining tuition and fees. #12 needs. The office will also assist with post-deployment transition issues and transfer credits. The FAFSA is available on-line at www.fafsa.ed.gov or at post offices and libraries. Students may apply (or

  19. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of water for the islands' limited public water distribution systems. Wastewater disposal continues such as rain water harvesting, alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and investigation of applicable water quality, sediment generation and control, water use in rice production and climate variability

  20. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and quality issues of water harvesting, development of alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and non to the public water distribution systems. The islands experience challenges in collecting and disposing in water quality degradation, plant nutrient management in aquaponic systems, anthropogenic impacts

  1. BIRDS OF LAYSAN AND THE LEEWARD' ISLANDS, HAWAIIAN GROUP.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    large members from Hawaii to Niihau and Kauai, and the Leeward Islands or "'chain," comprising. Wilson and Evans's "Aves 769 #12;770 .'BULI..ETTN OF TH E UN fTED STATES FIsH OlfMI 'BION . Hawaii nses

  2. Community-Scale Environmental Measures and Urban Heat Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    interactions vary with climate. For example, while generating power, a photovoltaic system can also increaseCommunity-Scale Environmental Measures and Urban Heat Island Impacts Buildings End-Use Energy, are not well quantified. Community-scale environmental measures include solar collection technologies

  3. Energy Transition Initiative, Island Energy Snapshot - Turks & Caicos (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-02-01

    This profile presents a snapshot of the electricity generation and reduction technologies, including solar hot water heating, available to Turks and Caicos - a British overseas territory consisting of two groups of islands located southeast of the Bahamas. Heating and transportation fuels are not addressed.

  4. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - St. Lucia (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-02-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the electricity generation or reduction technologies, including solar hot water heating, available to Saint Lucia, one of six Caribbean countries that make up the Windward Islands - the southern arc of the Lesser Antilles chain - at the eastern end of the Caribbean Sea. Heating and transportation fuels are not addressed.

  5. Energy Transition Initiative, Island Energy Snapshot - Bahamas (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-02-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the electricity generation or reduction technologies, including solar hot water heating, available to the Commonwealth of the Bahamas - a country consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets - of which only 30 are actually inhabited. Heating and transportation fuels are not addressed.

  6. Converting Maturing Nuclear Sites to Integrated Power Production Islands

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Solbrig, Charles W.

    2011-01-01

    Nuclear islands, which are integrated power production sites, could effectively sequester and safeguard the US stockpile of plutonium. A nuclear island, an evolution of the integral fast reactor, utilizes all the Transuranics (Pu plus minor actinides) produced in power production, and it eliminates all spent fuel shipments to and from the site. This latter attribute requires that fuel reprocessing occur on each site and that fast reactors be built on-site to utilize the TRU. All commercial spent fuel shipments could be eliminated by converting all LWR nuclear power sites to nuclear islands. Existing LWR sites have the added advantage ofmore »already possessing a license to produce nuclear power. Each could contribute to an increase in the nuclear power production by adding one or more fast reactors. Both the TRU and the depleted uranium obtained in reprocessing would be used on-site for fast fuel manufacture. Only fission products would be shipped to a repository for storage. The nuclear island concept could be used to alleviate the strain of LWR plant sites currently approaching or exceeding their spent fuel pool storage capacity. Fast reactor breeding ratio could be designed to convert existing sites to all fast reactors, or keep the majority thermal.« less

  7. Lightweight Energy Management of Islanded Operated Microgrids for Prosumer Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Michele

    Lightweight Energy Management of Islanded Operated Microgrids for Prosumer Communities Riccardo storage devices with the distribution grid. The UI acts as the control master for the microgrid strategy is tested on a residential microgrid model, 100 kVA rated, which has been developed and utilized

  8. Small Island States Green Energy Initiative. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khattak, Nasir

    1999-10-15

    This report covers the activities carried out during a one year period from 7/15/99 to 7/15/00 as part of the Small Islands Green Energy Initiative. The three activities were: 1) Energy Ministerial conference in the Caribbean; 2) Training session on renewable energy for utility engineers; and 3) Case studies compilation on renewable energy in the Caribbean.

  9. Desert Island Contribution --ASE Journal Software Engineering --A Human Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    Desert Island Contribution -- ASE Journal Software Engineering -- A Human Activity Gerhard Fischer of software engineering? Without a doubt, different people will have very different answers to this question their ideas and visions. Software engineering (especially its upstream activities) is a human-oriented field

  10. New constraints on the Slate Islands impact structure, Ontario, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrick, Robert R.

    New constraints on the Slate Islands impact structure, Ontario, Canada Virgil L. Sharpton Lunar Bernie Schnieders Ontario Geological Survey, 435 South James Street, Thunder Bay, Ontario, P7E 6E3 km south of Terrace Bay, Ontario (Fig. 1). Numerous shatter cones (observed first by R. Sage during

  11. University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 30, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    . More... University Library wins national award for information forum series The University of Rhode with high-tech training The traditional Narragansett Indian culture plays a vital role in Wanda Hopkins Island Library has been selected to receive the 2006 Association of College and Research Libraries

  12. Air Quality and Emissions Impacts of Heat Island Mitigation Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by generating fewer emissions from electricity production. These benefits, however, are difficult quality planning process. If a model were available to accurately predict the decrease in temperature and detailed manner is important if heat island control strategies are to be viewed as "quantifiable

  13. Spherical deformation of compliant substrates with semiconductor device islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    is a function of the island structure, size, and substrate material properties. Although the substrate semiconductor device materials, such as amor- phous silicon and silicon nitride, are brittle and crack easily and thinning the substrate cannot be used to reduce the strain. Because inorganic semiconductor materials

  14. Marine Iguanas Older Than Their Islands Jeff Mitton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitton, Jeffry B.

    Marine Iguanas Older Than Their Islands Jeff Mitton Natural Selections (Appeared in the Boulder endemic species remain, three land iguanas and the only marine iguana in the world. The marine iguana by a variety of green and red algae. Marine iguanas rely solely on marine algae but they are not restricted

  15. Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: sampling and analysis summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Eagle, R.J.; Stuart, M.L.

    1981-07-23

    A radiological survey was conducted in the Northern Marshall Islands to document reamining external gamma exposures from nuclear tests conducted at Enewetak and Bikini Atolls. An additional program was later included to obtain terrestrial and marine samples for radiological dose assessment for current or potential atoll inhabitants. This report is the first of a series summarizing the results from the terrestrial and marine surveys. The sample collection and processing procedures and the general survey methodology are discussed; a summary of the collected samples and radionuclide analyses is presented. Over 5400 samples were collected from the 12 atolls and 2 islands and prepared for analysis including 3093 soil, 961 vegetation, 153 animal, 965 fish composite samples (average of 30 fish per sample), 101 clam, 50 lagoon water, 15 cistern water, 17 groundwater, and 85 lagoon sediment samples. A complete breakdown by sample type, atoll, and island is given here. The total number of analyses by radionuclide are 8840 for /sup 241/Am, 6569 for /sup 137/Cs, 4535 for /sup 239 +240/Pu, 4431 for /sup 90/Sr, 1146 for /sup 238/Pu, 269 for /sup 241/Pu, and 114 each for /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu. A complete breakdown by sample category, atoll or island, and radionuclide is also included.

  16. Wave Energy Resources Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wave Energy Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands Prepared by: Luis A Foreword This report provides wave energy resource information required to select coastal segments for specific wave-energy-conversion (WEC) technology and to initiate engineering design incorporating

  17. Rate of Post-Hurricane Barrier Island Recovery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammond, Brianna

    2015-06-03

    that is reinforced if there is a sufficient recovery period. This study examines the resiliency of Assateague Island National Seashore, MD through its ability to return to its pre-storm condition following a hurricane. The primary hypothesis of this study...

  18. Structural and optoelectronic properties of germanium-rich islands grown on silicon using molecular beam epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nataraj, L.; Sustersic, N.; Coppinger, M.; Gerlein, L. F.; Kolodzey, J. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Cloutier, S. G. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Delaware Biotechnology Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19711 (United States)

    2010-03-22

    We report on the structural and optoelectronic properties of self-assembled germanium-rich islands grown on silicon using molecular beam epitaxy. Raman, photocurrent, photoluminescence, and transient optical spectroscopy measurements suggest significant built-in strains and a well-defined interface with little intermixing between the islands and the silicon. The shape of these islands depends on the growth conditions and includes pyramid, dome, barn-shaped, and superdome islands. Most importantly, we demonstrate that these germanium-rich islands provide efficient light emission at telecommunication wavelengths on a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor-compatible platform.

  19. Shape evolution of Ge/Si(001) islands induced by strain-driven alloying

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, C. J.; Zuo, Y. H.; Li, D. Z.; Cheng, B. W.; Luo, L. P.; Yu, J. Z.; Wang, Q. M.

    2001-06-11

    The shape evolution of Ge/Si(001) islands grown by ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition were investigated by atomic force microscopy at different deposition rates. We find that, at low deposition rates, the evolution of islands follows the conventional pathway by which the islands form the pyramid islands, evolve into dome islands, and dislocate at a superdome shape with increasing coverage. While at a high deposition rate of 3 monolayers per minute, the dome islands evolve towards the pyramids by a reduction of the contact angle. The presence of the atomic intermixing between the Ge islands and Si substrate at high deposition rate is responsible for the reverse evolution. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

  20. Effects of the Hawaiian Islands on the Vertical1 Structure of Low-level Clouds from CALIPSO Lidar2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    -top elevation over the windward slopes of the islands of Kauai and Oahu due32 to orographic lifting and daytime island heating. In the nighttime near-island wake of33 Kauai, CALIPSO captures a striking cloud eddy of the mechanical wake behind35 the island of Hawaii favors the formation of low-level clouds

  1. Ar/Ar ages from transitionally magnetized lavas on La Palma, Canary Islands, and the geomagnetic instability timescale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Bradley S.

    Ar/Ar ages from transitionally magnetized lavas on La Palma, Canary Islands, and the geomagnetic the north and south walls of Barranco de los Tilos on the island of La Palma, Canary Islands, reveals from transitionally magnetized lavas on La Palma, Canary Islands, and the geomagnetic instability

  2. Internal structure of the western flank of the Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma, Canary Islands, from land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    Palma, Canary Islands, from land magnetotelluric imaging X. Garcia1,2 and A. G. Jones1 Received 9 March on the island of La Palma (Canary Islands) provides an ideal setting to address fundamental questions about (2010), Internal structure of the western flank of the Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma, Canary Islands

  3. Inferring crustal structure in the Aleutian island arc from a sparse wide-angle seismic data set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shillington, Donna J.

    in the Aleutian islands shed a new light on island arc systems, and the role that magmatic arcs may play G 3 G 3Inferring crustal structure in the Aleutian island arc from a sparse wide-angle seismic data set inversion with static corrections for island stations reduces the data variance of a 1-D starting model

  4. The status of dwarf carnivores on Cozumel Island, 1, 1 *ALFREDO D. CUARON , MIGUEL ANGEL MARTINEZ-MORALES ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gompper, Matthew E.

    . Introduction The isolation of island systems and the biogeographic factors that contribute to an island's biotaThe status of dwarf carnivores on Cozumel Island, Mexico 1, 1´ ´*ALFREDO D. CUARON , MIGUEL ANGEL in revised form 9 January 2003 Key words: Conservation, Cozumel, Island endemics, Nasua nelsoni, Potos flavus

  5. Characterization of tropical near-shore fish communities by coastal habitat status on spatially complex island systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sealey, Kathleen Sullivan

    complex island systems Vanessa L. Nero & Kathleen Sullivan Sealey Coastal Ecology Project, Department communities for Andros Island, Bahamas, a complex coastal-reef island system. Benthic assessments and beach available to fishes on island bank systems. Since habitat mapping is often incorpo- rated into marine

  6. S, Afr, ,J, Alltarct, Res" Val, 8, 1978 The mammals of IVIarion Island: a revie,v

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pretoria, University of

    schedules and intra and interspecific relationships had to be obtained, Marion and Prince Edward islands (4635 CVS S, Afr, ,J, Alltarct, Res" Val, 8, 1978 The mammals of IVIarion Island: a revie,v J is typical for sub-Antarctic islands. Marion Island, the larger of the two, is approximately 19 km by 14 km

  7. Abundance of fin whales in West Greenland in 2007 M.P. HEIDE-JRGENSEN*, K.L. LAIDRE*+, M. SIMON*, M.L. BURT$, D.L. BORCHERS$ AND M. RASMUSSEN#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidre, Kristin L.

    ., 2008). A ship-based survey also conducted in 2005 gave a smaller abundance estimate (1,980, 95% CI 913 and too imprecise to be used for generating advice on sustainable takes (IWC, 2005). For continued advice on the sustainability of the harvest in West Greenland it is important to determine if the abundance of fin whales

  8. AdministrAtion And FinAnce mission stAtement Administration and Finance exists to support the strategic mission of Northern Kentucky University by providing quality service through sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, Richard L.

    20132013 AdministrAtion And FinAnce mission stAtement Administration and Finance exists to support within Administration and Finance are committed to the development, implementation, and continuous of Northern Kentucky University. Administration and Finance strives to provide a climate conducive

  9. Polar rotation angle identifies elliptic islands in unsteady dynamical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad Farazmand; George Haller

    2015-03-20

    We propose rotation inferred from the polar decomposition of the flow gradient as a diagnostic for elliptic (or vortex-type) invariant regions in non-autonomous dynamical systems. We consider here two- and three-dimensional systems, in which polar rotation can be characterized by a single angle. For this polar rotation angle (PRA), we derive explicit formulas using the singular values and vectors of the flow gradient. We find that closed level sets of the PRA reveal elliptic islands in great detail, and singular level sets of the PRA uncover centers of such islands. Both features turn out to be objective (frame-invariant) for two-dimensional systems. We illustrate the diagnostic power of PRA for elliptic structures on several examples.

  10. Polar rotation angle identifies elliptic islands in unsteady dynamical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farazmand, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    We propose rotation inferred from the polar decomposition of the flow gradient as a diagnostic for elliptic (or vortex-type) invariant regions in non-autonomous dynamical systems. We consider here two- and three-dimensional systems, in which polar rotation can be characterized by a single angle. For this polar rotation angle (PRA), we derive explicit formulas using the singular values and vectors of the flow gradient. We find that closed level sets of the PRA reveal elliptic islands in great detail, and singular level sets of the PRA uncover centers of such islands. Both features turn out to be objective (frame-invariant) for two-dimensional systems. We illustrate the diagnostic power of PRA for elliptic structures on several examples.

  11. EDIN-USVI Clean Energy Quarterly: Volume 1, Issue 2, March 2011, Energy Development in Island Nations, U.S. Virgin Islands (Newsletter)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-03-01

    This quarterly newsletter provides timely news and information about the plans and progress of the Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands pilot project, including significant events and milestones, work undertaken by each of the five working groups, and project-related renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.

  12. Fisheries catch reconstructions: Islands, Part II. Harper and Zeller 15 A BRIEF HISTORY OF FISHING IN THE KERGUELEN ISLANDS, FRANCE1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    IN THE KERGUELEN ISLANDS, FRANCE1 M.L.D. Palomares and D. Pauly Sea Around Us Project, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, 2204 Main Mall, Vancouver, V6T1Z4, Canada m.palomares@fisheries.ubc.ca; d an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) around the islands as well as the 1 Cite as: Palomares, M. L. D. and Pauly, D

  13. Frye Island, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable Urban TransportFortistar LLCNorthIdaho:FroniusFruitdale,Frye Island,

  14. Rock Island, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, NewMichigan: Energy Resources Jump to:Rock County,SilverIsland,

  15. Scituate, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk,SageScheuco International JumpSchuylkillScio,Rhode Island: Energy

  16. Muscle Ridge Islands, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: EnergyInformationOliver,Minnesota: Energy Resources JumpRidge Islands,

  17. Pine Island Ridge, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | Open EnergyPhoenicia,Creek,PilgrimGroveIsland Ridge,

  18. Island Energy Tools and Trainings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 | International Nuclear Energyat Larger Scale|IsIsland

  19. Rhode Island Schools Teach Energy Essentials | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvesting inServicesRecoveryRhode Island Schools Teach

  20. Acoustic Modeling for Aqua Ventus I off Monhegan Island, ME

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whiting, Jonathan M.; Hanna, Luke A.; DeChello, Nicole L.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2013-10-31

    The DeepCwind consortium, led by the University of Maine, was awarded funding under the US Department of Energy’s Offshore Wind Advanced Technology Demonstration Program to develop two floating offshore wind turbines in the Gulf of Maine equipped with Goldwind 6 MW direct drive turbines, as the Aqua Ventus I project. The Goldwind turbines have a hub height of 100 m. The turbines will be deployed in Maine State waters, approximately 2.9 miles off Monhegan Island; Monhegan Island is located roughly 10 miles off the coast of Maine. In order to site and permit the offshore turbines, the acoustic output must be evaluated to ensure that the sound will not disturb residents on Monhegan Island, nor input sufficient sound levels into the nearby ocean to disturb marine mammals. This initial assessment of the acoustic output focuses on the sound of the turbines in air by modeling the assumed sound source level, applying a sound propagation model, and taking into account the distance from shore.

  1. Strategies for International Cooperation in Support of Energy Development in Pacific Island Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, M.; Voss, P.; Warren, A.; Baring-Gould, I.; Conrad, M.

    2012-05-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been partnering with island communities around the world to address the technical, policy, social, and economic hurdles to deploying energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies (RETs) on small, islanded systems. The lessons learned from these partnerships are briefly summarized in this document with the goal of supporting the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in the development of specific near-term and longer-term strategies for island RET deployment.

  2. Energy savings for heat-island reduction strategies in Chicago and Houston (including updates for Baton Rouge, Sacramento, and Salt Lake City)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

    2002-01-01

    Energy Effects of Urban Heat Islands and Their Mitigation: aSavings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies inof the U.S. EPA’s Urban Heat Island Pilot Project (UHIPP) in

  3. Energy savings for heat-island reduction strategies in Chicago and Houston (including updates for Baton Rouge, Sacramento, and Salt Lake City)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

    2002-01-01

    Savings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies inof the U.S. EPA’s Urban Heat Island Pilot Project (UHIPP) in49638 Energy Savings of Heat-Island Reduction Strategies in

  4. 31Nano-Islands on Plastically Deformed Substrates with Disclinations Corresponding author: I.A. Ovid'ko, e-mail: ovidko@def.ipme.ru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ovid'ko Ilya A.

    is capable of causing preferable spatial positions of nano-islands. The parameters of the substrate/nano-island systems are theoretically revealed that control spatial positions of nano-islands on disclinated

  5. Energy savings for heat-island reduction strategies in Chicago and Houston (including updates for Baton Rouge, Sacramento, and Salt Lake City)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

    2002-01-01

    Savings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies inof the U.S. EPA’s Urban Heat Island Pilot Project (UHIPP) inEnergy Effects of Urban Heat Islands and Their Mitigation: a

  6. Northern Fur Seals (Callorhinus ursinus) of the Commander Islands: Summer Feeding Trips, Winter Migrations and Interactions with Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belonovich, Olga Andreevna

    2011-10-21

    The northern fur seal (NFS) population on the Pribilof Islands (PI) is currently declining while the population on the Commander Islands (CI which includes Bering and Medny Islands) is stable. The reasons for the different population trajectories...

  7. Genomic islands predict functional adaptation in marine actinobacteria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Penn, Kevin; Jenkins, Caroline; Nett, Markus; Udwary, Daniel; Gontang, Erin; McGlinchey, Ryan; Foster, Brian; Lapidus, Alla; Podell, Sheila; Allen, Eric; Moore, Bradley; Jensen, Paul

    2009-04-01

    Linking functional traits to bacterial phylogeny remains a fundamental but elusive goal of microbial ecology 1. Without this information, it becomes impossible to resolve meaningful units of diversity and the mechanisms by which bacteria interact with each other and adapt to environmental change. Ecological adaptations among bacterial populations have been linked to genomic islands, strain-specific regions of DNA that house functionally adaptive traits 2. In the case of environmental bacteria, these traits are largely inferred from bioinformatic or gene expression analyses 2, thus leaving few examples in which the functions of island genes have been experimentally characterized. Here we report the complete genome sequences of Salinispora tropica and S. arenicola, the first cultured, obligate marine Actinobacteria 3. These two species inhabit benthic marine environments and dedicate 8-10percent of their genomes to the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. Despite a close phylogenetic relationship, 25 of 37 secondary metabolic pathways are species-specific and located within 21 genomic islands, thus providing new evidence linking secondary metabolism to ecological adaptation. Species-specific differences are also observed in CRISPR sequences, suggesting that variations in phage immunity provide fitness advantages that contribute to the cosmopolitan distribution of S. arenicola 4. The two Salinispora genomes have evolved by complex processes that include the duplication and acquisition of secondary metabolite genes, the products of which provide immediate opportunities for molecular diversification and ecological adaptation. Evidence that secondary metabolic pathways are exchanged by Horizontal Gene Transfer (HGT) yet are fixed among globally distributed populations 5 supports a functional role for their products and suggests that pathway acquisition represents a previously unrecognized force driving bacterial diversification

  8. Recent marine podocopid Ostracoda of Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, R. B.

    1966-11-23

    major factors: ( I) inadequate collecting station location density; (2) lack of en- vironmental data obtained at time of sampling; and (3), loss of portions of the sample attributable to leakage of the sampling apparatus. It may be that the third factor... ni. FM 6. Propontocypris edwardsi ( CusHmAN), a-c, RV int., LV hinge, both valves dorsal, X 90. Williams-Podocopid Ostracoda of Narragansett Bay 13 Material.-Specimens 34, of which 29 were articulated. Distribution.-Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island...

  9. Analysis of Three Mile Island-Unit 2 accident

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-03-01

    The Nuclear Safety Analysis Center (NSAC) of the Electric Power Research Institute has analyzed the Three Mile Island-2 accident. Early results of this analysis were a brief narrative summary, issued in mid-May 1979 and an initial version of this report issued later in 1979 as noted in the Foreword. The present report is a revised version of the 1979 report, containing summaries, a highly detailed sequence of events, a comparison of that sequence of events with those from other sources, 25 appendices, references and a list of abbreviations and acronyms. A matrix of equipment and system actions is included as a folded insert.

  10. Indium Growth and Island Height Control on Si Submonolayer Phases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Jizhou

    2009-05-09

    Nanotechnology refers any technique that involves about object with nanoscale (10{sup -9} m) or even smaller. It has become more and more important in recently years and has changed our world dramatically. Most of modern electronic devices today should thanks to the miniaturizing driven by development of nanotechnology. Recent years, more and more governments are investing huge amount of money in research related to nanotechnology. There are two major reasons that nanostructure is so fascinate. The first one is the miniaturizing. It is obvious that if we can make products smaller without losing the features, we can save the cost and increase the performance dramatically. For an example, the first computer in the world, ENIAC, which occupied several rooms, is less powerful than the cheapest calculator today. Today's chips with sizes of less than half an inch contain millions of basic units. All these should thank to the development of nanotechnology. The other reason is that when we come to nanoscale, there are many new effects due to the quantum effect which can't be found in large systems. For an example, quantum dots (QDs) are systems which sizes are below 1{micro}m(10{sup -6}m) and restricted in three dimensions. There are many interesting quantum effects in QDs, including discrete energy levels, and interdot coupling. Due to these properties and their small sizes, QDs have varies potential applications such as quantum computing, probe, light emitting device, solar cells, and laser. To meet the requirement of the nanoelectrical applications, the QDs must be grown highly uniformly because their property is highly dependent on their sizes. The major methods to grow uniform QDs include epitaxial, and lithograph. Lithography is a process to make patterns on a thin film by selectively removing certain parts of the film. Using this method, people have good control over size, location and spacing of QDs. For an example, the Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) have a wave length of 13.4nm so it can curve on the surface of an sample to make structure as small as the order of 10nm. however, lithograph usually causes permanent damages to the surface and in many cases the QDs are damaged during the lithograph and therefore result in high percentage of defects. Quantum size effect has attracted more and more interests in surface science due to many of its effects. One of its effects is the height preference in film growing and the resulting possibility of uniformly sized self-assemble nanostructure. The experiment of Pb islands on In 4x1 phase shows that both the height and the width can be controlled by proper growth conditions, which expands the growth dimensions from 1 to 2. This discover leads us to study the In/Pb interface. In Ch.3, we found that the Pb islands growing on In 4x1-Si(111) surface which have uniform height due to QSE and uniform width due to the constriction of In 4x1 lattice have unexpected stability. These islands are stable in even RT, unlike usual nanostructures on Pb/Si surface which are stable only at low temperature. Since similar structures are usually grown at low temperature, this discovery makes the grown structures closer to technological applications. It also shows the unusual of In/Pb interface. Then we studied the In islands grown on Pb-{alpha}-{radical}3x{radical}3-Si(111) phase in Ch.4. These islands have fcc structure in the first few layers, and then convert to bct structure. The In fcc islands have sharp height preference due to QSE like Pb islands. However, the preferred height is different (7 layer for Pb on Si 7x7 and 4 layer for Pb on In 4x1), due to the difference of interface. The In islands structure prefers to be bct than fcc with coverage increase. It is quantitatively supported by first-principle calculation. Unexpectedly, the In islands grown on various of In interfaces didn't show QSE effects and phase transition from fcc and bct structures as on the Pb-{alpha} interface (Ch.6). In g(s) curve there is no clear oscillations in the g(s) curve as the In on Pb-{alpha} phase. This

  11. U.S. Virgin Islands Energy Road Map: Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.; Olis, D.; Warren, A.

    2011-09-01

    This report lays out the strategy envisioned by the stakeholders in the U.S. Virgin Islands, U.S. Department of Energy, and U.S. Department of Interior to achieve the ambitious goal of achieving a 60% reduction in business-as-usual fossil fuel demand by 2025 (60x25) within the electricity sector. This work and supporting analysis provides a framework within which decisions can begin to be made, a concrete vision of what the future might hold, and a guide to determine what questions should follow.

  12. Grand Island, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County, Georgia: EnergyGorlitz AGGranby,InformationIsland, New

  13. East Providence, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH Jump to:Providence, Rhode Island: Energy Resources Jump to:

  14. Energy Incentive Programs, Rhode Island | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeCommunication3-EDepartment ofArizona EnergyHampshire EnergyOregon EnergyRhode Island

  15. MHK Projects/Pike Island | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5 < MHK ProjectsHawaiiInformationIsland <

  16. City of Grand Island, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtdEllsworth, IowaGraettinger, Iowa (Utility Company)Grand Island,

  17. Liberty Power Corp. (Rhode Island) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, UnitedLiberty Power Corp. Place: Rhode Island Website:

  18. Rhode Island/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-bRenewable Energy| Open Energyfault andRhode Island/Wind

  19. Smithfield, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbH JumpSlough Heat andCreek GeothermalRhode Island:

  20. Bay Harbor Islands, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminexInformationArkansas: Energy Resources JumpBayHarbor Islands,

  1. Bristol, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine: Energy ResourcesCounty,Wisconsin: EnergyCounty,Rhode Island: Energy

  2. Central Falls, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to:RAPIDCavallo EnergyOhio: EnergyFalls, Rhode Island:

  3. Kodiak Island Borough School District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanoshKetchikanKlondike III I Wind FarmElectricIsland

  4. MHK Projects/Turnbull Island | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoosSlough Bend <Turnbull Island < MHK

  5. MHK Projects/Vidal Island | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoosSlough BendVidal Island < MHK Projects

  6. Mustang Island Offshore Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsourceEnergyTexas: Energy ResourcesIsland Offshore

  7. Bell Island Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColoradoBelcher Homes Jump to:OASBell Island Hot

  8. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Rhode Island | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a lCaribElectric powerMeasuresEnergyNewEnergyRhode Island.

  9. In-tube heat transfer and pressure drop of R-134a and ester lubricant mixtures in a smooth tube and a micro-fin tube. Part 1: Evaporation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eckels, S.J.; Doerr, T.M.; Pate, M.B.

    1994-12-31

    In-tube heat transfer coefficients and pressure drops during evaporation are reported for mixtures of refrigerant R-134a and a penta erythritol ester mixed-acid lubricant. The ester lubricant was tested at viscosities of 169 SUS and 369 SUS over a lubricant concentration range of 0% to 5% in both a smooth tube and a micro-fine tube. The average saturation temperature used was 1 C (33.8 F). Measurements were taken for the refrigerant-lubricant mixture over a mass flux range of 85 kg/m{sup 2}{center_dot}s (62,700 lb/ft{sup 2}{center_dot}h) to 375 kg/m{sup 2}{center_dot}s (276,640 lb/ft{sup 2}{center_dot}h) in test tubes with an outer diameter of 9.52 mm (3/8 in.). Heat transfer coefficients during evaporation increased at low concentrations of the 169-SUS ester lubricant and then dropped off at high lubricant concentrations in both the smooth tube and the micro-fin tube. The higher viscosity 369-SUS lubricant decreased the heat transfer coefficients in both tubes over the range of lubricant concentrations tested. Pressure drops during evaporation increased in both the smooth tube and the micro-fin tube with the addition of ester lubricant of either viscosity. The heat transfer coefficients for the micro-fin tube were 100% to 50% higher than those for the smooth tube, with the higher values occurring at low mass fluxes. Pressure drops in the micro-fin tube were 10% to 20% higher than those in the smooth tube.

  10. Energy savings for heat-island reduction strategies in Chicago and Houston (including updates for Baton Rouge, Sacramento, and Salt Lake City)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

    2002-01-01

    simulated energy and power savings from HIR strategies byEnergy Savings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies49638 Energy Savings of Heat-Island Reduction Strategies in

  11. The invertebrate fossils of Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula, and their role in our understanding of the Eocene climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Mark A.

    The invertebrate fossils of Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula, and their role in our;Collins | 2 Cover artwork: Seymour Island ­ Antarctica 2003 By: Kurtis Burmeister National Science Foundation Source: Antarctic Photo Library United States Antarctic Program #12;Collins | 3 TABLE

  12. The effect of cattle grazing on the abundance and distribution of selected macroinvertebrates in west Galveston Island salt marshes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jennifer Lynn

    2004-09-30

    bidentatus) was evaluated over four seasons (summer 2000, fall 2000, winter 2001, and spring 2001) in grazed and ungrazed treatments. A Galveston Island salt marsh adjacent to Snake Island Cove was sampled at five elevations, from the water's edge...

  13. Can Ecotourism Help Achieve Sustainable Development? A SWOT Analysis of the Marine Ecotourism Sector on Andros Island, Bahamas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baller, Joshua

    2014-11-27

    sustainable development in small island states. This will be carried out through an analysis of the marine ecotourism sector on Andros Island, The Bahamas, using SWOT Analysis to determine whether or not ecotourism is viable as a sustainable development option...

  14. Author's personal copy Wading bird guano contributes to Hg accumulation in tree island soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    . The mean Hg concentration in surface soils of ghost tree islands was low and similar to marsh soil. For live tree islands, Hg concentrations in the surface head region were considerably greater than those Everglades typically consists of head, middle and tail re- gions (Mason and Valk, 2002). The head is the most

  15. Simulation and management implications of feral horse grazing on Cumberland Island, Georgia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    Simulation and management implications of feral horse grazing on Cumberland Island, Georgia MONICA GOIGEL TURNER Cumberiand Island National !&shore, Georgia,is inhabited by a population of feral horsea an acceptable population size of feral horses. Five-year shnulations indicated a threshold of 2,700 kg

  16. Atomic force microscopy study of the growth and annealing of Ge islands on Si(100)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Bing; Berrie, Cindy L.; Kitajima, Takeshi; Bright, John; Leone, Stephen R.

    2002-03-01

    "superdome" (named b y W i n . iams et a/ . 1 5 ) . Superdomes will not only consume most o f t h e supersaturation, but also the surrounding small coherent islands. 1 6 This complicates the interpretation of island d e n -sity and size distribution...

  17. RELATIONSHIPS OF THE BLUE SHARK, PRZONACE GLAUCA, AND ITS PREY SPECIES NEAR SANTA CATALINA ISLAND, CALIFORNIA'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tricas, Timothy C.

    RELATIONSHIPS OF THE BLUE SHARK, PRZONACE GLAUCA, AND ITS PREY SPECIES NEAR SANTA CATALINA ISLAND the major prey for the blue shark, Prionace glauca, near Santa Catalina Island, Calif. The northern anchovy to prey behavior. The blue shark,Prionace glauca (Carcharhinidae) (Figure 11,is a pelagic carnivore

  18. artha's Vineyard Shellfish Group is a public nonprofit located on Martha's Vineyard Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    M artha's Vineyard Shellfish Group is a public nonprofit located on Martha's Vineyard Island in Massachusetts. History The Group was founded over thirty years ago in order to help the six towns on the island per year of extreme heat (over 90° Fahrenheit) in Massachusetts.1 Martha's Vineyard Shellfish Group

  19. Crustal structure and thermal anomalies of the Dunedin Region, South Island, New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okaya, David

    Crustal structure and thermal anomalies of the Dunedin Region, South Island, New Zealand Nicola J to investigate a transect along the southeast coast of South Island, New Zealand. The specific focus mantle-melting event. High heat flow recorded in the Dunedin region is consistent with a hot body

  20. Urban & Regional Planning Recommended Readings Beatley, Timothy. Green urbanism: learning from European cities. Island Press, 2000.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    European cities. Island Press, 2000. illustrates how European cities address different environment. The Regional City: Planning for the End of Sprawl. Covelo, CA: Island Press. 2001. "articulately advocates. Klinenberg, Eric. Heat wave: a social autopsy of disaster in Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

  1. Power Flow Analysis Algorithm for Islanded LV Microgrids Including Distributed Generator Units with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhary, Sanjay

    Power Flow Analysis Algorithm for Islanded LV Microgrids Including Distributed Generator Units power system. Being able to operate in both grid-connected and islanded mode, a microgrid manages and controls distributed energy resources, energy storage systems and loads, most of them are power electronic

  2. An Ecological Perspective on Inshore Fisheries in the Main Hawaiian Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). These are the main Hawaiian Islands (MHI), which include Hawaii, Maui, Lanai, Kaho'olawe, Molokai, Oahu, Kauai and Ni of close to 1,500 miles. However, almost all of Hawaii's population and land mass (above sea level northwest ofKauai (be ginning with Nihoa), known as the North western Hawaiian Islands (NWHI). ABSTRACT

  3. Preliminary interpretation of the upper crustal structure beneath Prince Edward Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    during 1983 to aid in the assessment of the geothermal energy potential of the province. At ten locations. For the western part ofthe Island there is a resistive zone which can be identified from the borehole logs as pre gravity anomaly in the region. Key words: magnetotelluric method, geothermal energy, Prince Edward Island

  4. Use of Fish Corrals in the Seine Fishery of the Virgin Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Use of Fish Corrals in the Seine Fishery of the Virgin Islands Introduction Although selected; Brownell and Rainey, 1971; Sylvesterand Dammann, 1972, andOlsenetal., 1978), fish corrals and their use commercial fishing methods intheVirgin Islands (D.S. and British),documents the use of fish corrals

  5. A NEW SPECIES OF RHABDIAS (NEMATODA: RHABDIASIDAE) FROM AGAMID LIZARDS ON LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    A NEW SPECIES OF RHABDIAS (NEMATODA: RHABDIASIDAE) FROM AGAMID LIZARDS ON LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. is described on the basis of specimens found in the lungs of 2 species of agamid lizards: the Philippine flying in Aurora Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. The new species of Rhabdias is characterized by presence of 4

  6. Sustainable Tourism Development in the Greek Islands and the Role of Tourism research and Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    - 643 - Sustainable Tourism Development in the Greek Islands and the Role of Tourism research of sustainable tourism. In the first part of our paper, we shall examine the tourist development features which contribute towards more sustainable development patterns in the Greek islands. Finally

  7. Aalborg Universitet Secondary Frequency and Voltage Control of Islanded Microgrids via Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Secondary Frequency and Voltage Control of Islanded Microgrids via Distributed., Guerrero, J. M., & Bullo, F. (2015). Secondary Frequency and Voltage Control of Islanded Microgrids via downloaded from www.microgrids.et.aau.dk is the preprint version of the final paper: J. W. Simpson-Porco, Q

  8. Aalborg Universitet Autonomous Active and Reactive Power Distribution Strategy in Islanded Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Microgrids Wu, Dan; Tang, Fen; Guerrero, Josep M.; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez; Chen, Guoliang; Sun, Libing). Autonomous Active and Reactive Power Distribution Strategy in Islanded Microgrids. In Proceedings of the 29th strategy in islanded microgrids," IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, IEEE APEC 2014

  9. LONG TERM RESIDUAL EFFECTS OF A NUTRIENT ADDITION ON A BARRIER ISLAND DUNE ECOSYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Deborah

    LONG TERM RESIDUAL EFFECTS OF A NUTRIENT ADDITION ON A BARRIER ISLAND DUNE ECOSYSTEM by Susan M EFFECTS OF A NUTRIENT ADDITION ON A BARRIER ISLAND DUNE ECOSYSTEM Susan M. Heyel Old Dominion University, 2000 Director: Dr. Frank P. Day In 1991, 150 m2 were fertilized with nitrogen on three dunes on Hog

  10. Interisland Variability of Dune Plant Community Structure on Virginia's Barrier Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Deborah

    Interisland Variability of Dune Plant Community Structure on Virginia's Barrier Islands by Justin VARIABILITY OF DUNE PLANT COMMUNITY STRUCTURE ON VIRGINIA'S BARRIER ISLANDS Justin K. Shafer Old Dominion provide an opportunity to study interisland variability of dune plant communities. My research focused

  11. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  12. Roles of Urban Tree Canopy and Buildings in Urban Heat Island Effects: Parameterization and Preliminary Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    and Forecasting model and an urban canopy model (WRF-UCM). By parameterizing the effects of these natural surfacesRoles of Urban Tree Canopy and Buildings in Urban Heat Island Effects: Parameterization (Manuscript received 28 October 2011, in final form 16 April 2012) ABSTRACT Urban heat island (UHI) effects

  13. Upstream urbanization exacerbates urban heat island effects Da-Lin Zhang,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Da-Lin

    Upstream urbanization exacerbates urban heat island effects Da-Lin Zhang,1 Yi-Xuan Shou,1; published 19 December 2009. [1] Urban Heat Island (UHI) effects adversely impact weather, air quality find that upstream urbanization exacerbates UHI effects and that meteorological consequences of extra-urban

  14. STUDY OF LOSS AND DELAY OF SALMON PASSING ROCK ISLAND DAM, COLUMBIA RIVER, 1954-56

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STUDY OF LOSS AND DELAY OF SALMON PASSING ROCK ISLAND DAM, COLUMBIA RIVER, 1954-56 By ROBERT R. PORTLAND. OREGON ABSTRACT To determine loss or delay of salmonids in passing Rock Island Dam tagged and released both above and below the dam in 1954-56. They were subsequently observed passing

  15. Estimating recharge thresholds in tropical karst island aquifers: Barbados, Puerto Rico and Guam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banner, Jay L.

    Estimating recharge thresholds in tropical karst island aquifers: Barbados, Puerto Rico and Guam in tropical island aquifers, such as Barbados, Guam and Puerto Rico, are significantly influenced by tropical of rainfall. The karst aquifers on Barbados, Guam and Puerto Rico have similar rainwater and groundwater

  16. A Feasibility Study for Wind/Hybrid Power System Applications for New England Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    A Feasibility Study for Wind/Hybrid Power System Applications for New England Islands Gabriel systems that presently provide electricity and heating to the islands also vary. Of particular note wind/hybrid systems. A feasibility study, carried out at the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL

  17. The center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity: the Philippine Islands Kent E. Carpentera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horth, Lisa

    The center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity: the Philippine Islands Kent E integration, conservation Synopsis Multiple datasets show global maxima of marine biodiversity in the Indo­Malay­Philippines scale and identifies a peak of marine biodiversity in the central Philippine Islands and a secondary

  18. A Close Encounter of the Fourth Kind: Getting Astrophysics to the People on the Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrovay, Kristóf

    A Close Encounter of the Fourth Kind: Getting Astrophysics to the People on the Canary Islands K. The present paper in turn deals with a region, the Canary Islands, that cannot be easily placed in any of the above categories. Just a few decades ago the Canaries were one of the least favoured regions of Spain

  19. Throughput Analysis and Voltage-Frequency Island Partitioning for Streaming Applications under Process Variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Throughput Analysis and Voltage-Frequency Island Partitioning for Streaming Applications under in video decoding) in a system with Voltage-Frequency Island (VFI) partitions in the presence of process of synchronous blocks, communicating with each other on an asynchronous basis. The concept of Voltage

  20. TIMES model for the Reunion Island: addressing reliability of electricity supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    energy sources. In 2008, the total primary energy consumption was 1295 ktoe, and as most of small islands% on renewable energy sources [1]. In 2008, the total primary energy consumption was 1295 ktoe, and as most. Keywords: Long-term energy planning. Reunion Island. Reliability of electricity supply. JEL: ­ Q4; O21; Q29

  1. ISLAND COALESCENCE USING PARALLEL FIRST-ORDER SYSTEM LEAST-SQUARES ON INCOMPRESSIBLE RESISTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCormick, Steve

    ISLAND COALESCENCE USING PARALLEL FIRST-ORDER SYSTEM LEAST-SQUARES ON INCOMPRESSIBLE RESISTIVE. This paper investigates the performance of a parallel Newton, first-order system least-squares (FOSLS) finite magnetohydrodynamics. In particular, an island coa- lescence test problem is studied that models magnetic reconnection

  2. An Indigenous Pacific Island Agroforestry System: Pohnpei Bill Raynor James Fownes2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Indigenous Pacific Island Agroforestry System: Pohnpei Island1 Bill Raynor James Fownes2 Abstract: The indigenous agroforestry system on Pohnpei was studied using circular plots laid out and culturally adapted, production system. Indigenous agroforestry is a dominant feature of both the landscape

  3. An Island-Driven Parsing System Tesis doctoral presentada en el

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ageno, Alicia

    An Island-Driven Parsing System Tesis doctoral presentada en el Departament de Llenguatges i Parsers 60 3 Overview of the System 65 3.1 Description of the Overall Methodology 65 3.2 Description Algorithm: Hybrids 70 3.4 Initial Island Selection: Alternatives 71 3.5 Stochastic Models 73 3.5.1 The Local

  4. Stability islands in domains of separatrix crossings in slowfast Hamiltonian systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barcelona, Universitat de

    Stability islands in domains of separatrix crossings in slow­fast Hamiltonian systems Anatoly, Russia. Abstract We consider a 2 d.o.f. Hamiltonian system with one degree of freedom corre­ sponding of these trajectories is surrounded by a stability island whose measure is estimated from below by a value of order

  5. Migration, isolation and hybridization in island crop populations: the case of Madagascar rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purugganan, Michael D.

    Migration, isolation and hybridization in island crop populations: the case of Madagascar rice and Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, 1009 Silver, 100 Washington Square East, New York University or Asian rice is one of the key domesticated crop species in the world. The island of Madagascar off

  6. Tectonic and petrologic evolution of the Kodiak batholith and the trenchward belt, Kodiak Island, AK: Contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yang

    and the trenchward belt, Kodiak Island, AK: Contact fault juxtaposition? David W. Farris1 Received 4 March 2009; revised 23 December 2010; accepted 9 March 2010; published 20 July 2010. [1] Two forearc magmatic belts exist in Kodiak Island, the granitic Kodiak batholith and the basaltic trenchward belt. Both are part

  7. Merguerian, Charles, 1983a, The structural geology of Manhattan Island, New York City (NYC), New York.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merguerian, Charles

    Merguerian, Charles, 1983a, The structural geology of Manhattan Island, New York City (NYC), New of Manhattan Island, New York City (NYC), New York (abs.): Geological Society of America Abstracts York. A lithically distinct assemblage of massive, nodular sillimanite-rich schist and gneiss

  8. The diet and feeding behaviour of feral cats, Felis catus at Marion Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pretoria, University of

    The diet and feeding behaviour of feral cats, Felis catus at Marion Island R.J. van Aarde house cats Felis catus in a wide range of continental and island habitats, have been reviewed recently categories, these being: Felis catus category: remains collected in sheltered #12;--------------- 124 feeding

  9. Space Heating Trends in Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia1 Mandeep Dhaliwal and Larry Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    ERG/200604 Space Heating Trends in Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia1 Mandeep Dhaliwal and Larry in a northern country such as Canada. Residential space heating is of particular interest in Prince Edward (NRCan) suggests that despite their similarities, the space heating requirements for Prince Edward Island

  10. The Early Permian floras of Prince Edward Island, Canada: differentiating global from local effects of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rees, Allister

    The Early Permian floras of Prince Edward Island, Canada: differentiating global from local effects specimens are described from Prince Edward Island, Canada. They include attached specimens of leaf and stem datant du Permien, provenant de l'Île-du-Prince- Édouard, Canada. Ils comprennent des spécimens de

  11. Climate change, sea-level rise, and conservation: keeping island biodiversity afloat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courchamp, Franck

    extinction [3] (Figure 1). In response to the biodiversity crisis, island conserva- tion has been an active-level rise) and saline water intru- sion [9]. Furthermore, shoreline retreat will also lead to massive is surprising when one considers both the number of islands concerned (over 180 000 worldwide) and the potential

  12. ~WOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION ALONG .A VIRGINIA BARRIER ISLAND DUNE CHRONOSEQUENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Deborah

    ~WOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION ALONG .A VIRGINIA BARRIER ISLAND DUNE CHRONOSEQUENCE BIOMASS AND NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION ALONG A VIRGINIA BARRIER ISLAND DUNE CHRONOSEQUENCE John Joseph DiLustro Old Dominion University, 1994 Director: Dr. Frank P. Day Jr. Aboveground biomass was examined along

  13. Sand and mud deposited by Hurricane Katrina on Deer Island, Biloxi Bay, Mississippi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winglee, Robert M.

    Sand and mud deposited by Hurricane Katrina on Deer Island, Biloxi Bay, Mississippi Annaliese A University of Washington Department of Earth and Space Sciences #12;Sand and mud deposited by Hurricane ................................................................................................................. 14 ABSTRACT Hurricane Katrina overwash berms on both sides of Deer Island, Mississippi, include sub

  14. Biogas Potential on Long Island, New York: A Quantification Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahajan, D.; Patel, S.; Tonjes, D.

    2011-08-25

    Biogas is the product of anaerobic digestion of waste, whether occurring spontaneously in landfills or under controlled conditions in digesters. Biogas is viewed as an important energy source in current efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuels and dependency on imported resources. Several studies on the assessment of biogas potential have been made at regional, national, and global scales. However, because it is not economically feasible to transport biogas feedstock over long distances, it is more appropriate to consider local waste sources for their potential to produce biogas. An assessment of the biogas potential on Long Island, based on the review of local landfills, wastewater treatment plants, solid waste generation and management, and agricultural waste, found that 234 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} of methane (CH{sub 4}) from biogas might be harvestable, although substantial barriers for complete exploitation exist. This number is equivalent to 2.52 TW-h of electricity, approximately 12% of fossil fuel power generation on Long Island. This work can serve as a template for other areas to rapidly create or approximate biogas potentials, especially for suburban U.S. locations that are not usually thought of as sources of renewable energy.

  15. Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) PV integration study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, Abraham; Mousseau, Tom

    2011-08-01

    This report investigates the effects that increased distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation would have on the Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) system operating requirements. The study focused on determining reserve requirements needed to mitigate the impact of PV variability on system frequency, and the impact on operating costs. Scenarios of 5-MW, 10-MW, and 15-MW nameplate capacity of PV generation plants distributed across the Kauai Island were considered in this study. The analysis required synthesis of the PV solar resource data and modeling of the KIUC system inertia. Based on the results, some findings and conclusions could be drawn, including that the selection of units identified as marginal resources that are used for load following will change; PV penetration will displace energy generated by existing conventional units, thus reducing overall fuel consumption; PV penetration at any deployment level is not likely to reduce system peak load; and increasing PV penetration has little effect on load-following reserves. The study was performed by EnerNex under contract from Sandia National Laboratories with cooperation from KIUC.

  16. Structural stability of the Weeks Island oil repository

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preece, D.S.; Ehgartner, B.L.

    1994-06-01

    A 3-D finite element analysis was performed to evaluate the stability of the SPR upper and lower oil storage levels at Weeks Island. The mechanical analysis predicted stresses and strains from which pillar stability was inferred using a fracture criterion developed from previous testing of Weeks Island salt. This analysis simulated the sequential mining of the two levels and subsequent oil fill of the mine. The predicted subsidence rates compare well to those measured over the past few years. Predicted failure mechanisms agree with observations made at the time the mine was being modified for oil storage. The modeling technique employed here treats an infinite array of pillars and is a reasonable representation of the behavior at the center of the mine. This analysis predicts that the lower level pillars, at the center of the mine, have fractured and their stability at this time is questionable. Localized pillar fracturing is predicted and implies that the mine is entering a phase of continual time dependent deterioration. Continued and expanded monitoring of the facility and development of methods to assess and predict its behavior are more important now than ever.

  17. Multiple colonisations of the western Indian Ocean by Pteropus fruit bats (Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae): The furthest islands were colonised first

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Amy L.

    -Pacific archipelagos in primarily tropical and sub-tropical climates (Mickleburgh et al., 2002). On many island systems

  18. Response of microscale turbulence and transport to the evolution of resistive magnetohydrodynamic magnetic island

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Jiquan, E-mail: lijq@energy.kyoto-u.ac.jp; Kishimoto, Y. [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); Wang, Z. X. [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2014-02-15

    Nonlinear evolution of microscale turbulence interacting with a naturally growing MHD magnetic island is simulated based on a Landau-fluid model. Here, we report on a new short wavelength magnetic-island-induced ion temperature gradient (ITG) instability triggered by a critical threshold of magnetic island width in multiscale turbulence, which is referred to as sw-MITG mode. The sw-MITG mode is characterized by a substantially low stability threshold and a global structure propagating along the ion diamagnetic drift direction. Its generation results from the response of microscale fluctuations to turbulent cross-field heat transport associated with increasing boundary layer width about the island separatrix. An intermittency of heat transport is caused by the sw-MITG mode interacting with dynamical magnetic island and microturbulence.

  19. The Urban Heat Island of the North-Central Texas Region and Its Relation to the 2011 Severe Texas Drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winguth, Arne

    The Urban Heat Island of the North-Central Texas Region and Its Relation to the 2011 Severe Texas Dallas­Fort Worth, Texas, metropolitan and rural sites have been used to calculate the urban heat island from 2001 to 2011. The heat island peaked after sunset and was particularly strong during the drought

  20. Investigations on the impacts of urban aerosol release and heat island effect on downwind precipitation in high latitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moelders, Nicole

    Investigations on the impacts of urban aerosol release and heat island effect on downwind than 500%. In winter, the heat island effect led to an increase in temperature of 1 K (Magee et al Alaskan cities, and, hence, cannot simulate the associated heat island effect. Furthermore, they usually