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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s Largest Purchase of Wind Power,” September 17, 2001.FACTORS DRIVING WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATESthe United States third in wind power capacity globally,

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Superintegrable Systems and Higher Rank Factorizations  

SciTech Connect

We consider a class of two-dimensional super-integrable systems that can be considered as the natural generalization of some well known one-dimensional factorized systems. Using standard methods to find the shape-invariant intertwining operators we find an so(6) dynamical algebra and its Hamiltonian hierarchies. In particular we consider those associated to unitary representations that can be displayed by means of three-dimensional polyhedral lattices.

Negro, Javier; Calzada, Juan A.; Olmo, Mariano A. del [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Atomica y Optica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valladolid, E-47011 Valladolid (Spain)

2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

3

System analysis approach for the identification of factors driving crude oil prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system analysis approach is proposed to identify the main factors driving international crude oil prices by integrating a partial least squares model, an vector error correction model and the directed acyclic graph method. The different mechanisms ... Keywords: Crude oil price, DAG, Driving factors, Financial crisis, VECM

Qiang Ji

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

SciTech Connect

In the United States, there has been substantial recent growth in wind energy generating capacity, with growth averaging 24 percent annually during the past five years. About 1,700 MW of wind energy capacity was installed in 2001, while another 410 MW became operational in 2002. This year (2003) shows promise of significant growth with more than 1,500 MW planned. With this growth, an increasing number of states are experiencing investment in wind energy projects. Wind installations currently exist in about half of all U.S. states. This paper explores the key factors at play in the states that have achieved a substantial amount of wind energy investment. Some of the factors that are examined include policy drivers, such as renewable portfolio standards (RPS), federal and state financial incentives, and integrated resource planning; as well as market drivers, such as consumer demand for green power, natural gas price volatility, and wholesale market rules.

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Policies and Market Factors Driving Wind Power Development in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the United States, there has been substantial recent growth in wind energy generating capacity, with growth averaging 24% annually during the past five years. With this growth, an increasing number of states are experiencing investment in wind energy. Wind installations currently exist in about half of all U.S. states. This paper explores the policies and market factors that have been driving utility-scale wind energy development in the United States, particularly in the states that have achieved a substantial amount of wind energy investment in recent years. Although there are federal policies and overarching market issues that are encouraging investment nationally, much of the recent activity has resulted from state-level policies or localized market drivers. In this paper, we identify the key policies, incentives, regulations, and markets affecting development, and draw lessons from the experience of leading states that may be transferable to other states or regions. We provide detailed discussions of the drivers for wind development in a dozen leading states-California, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

Bird, L.; Parsons, B.; Gagliano, T.; Brown, M.; Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Identifying critical success factors of ERP systems at the higher education sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to a range of contextual drivers, the worldwide adoption of ERP Systems in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) has increased substantially over the past decade. Though the difficulties and high failure rate in implementing ERP systems at ... Keywords: CSFs, ERP implementation success, ERP systems, critical success factors, higher education

Ahmad A. Rabaaí

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Factors Driving Prices & Forecast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This spread is a function of the balance between demand and fresh supply (production and net imports). Finally I will discuss the current forecast for distillate prices this winter...

8

Many Factors Affect MPG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy How You Drive Vehicle Maintenance Fuel Variations Vehicle Variations Engine Break-In Vehicles in traffic Quick acceleration and heavy braking can reduce fuel economy by up to 33 percent on the highway and 5 percent around town. New EPA tests account for faster acceleration rates, but vigorous driving can still lower MPG. Excessive idling decreases MPG. The EPA city test includes idling, but more idling will lower MPG. Driving at higher speeds increases aerodynamic drag (wind resistance), reducing fuel economy. The new EPA tests account for aerodynamic drag up to highway speeds of 80 mph, but some drivers exceed this speed. Cold weather and frequent short trips can reduce fuel economy, since your engine doesn't operate efficiently until it is warmed up. In colder

9

Holiday Food Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Food Drive Food Drive Holiday Food Drive During the recent holiday food drive, employees donated enough food to provide about 23,604 holiday meals for Northern New Mexico families. More than 432 frozen turkeys were donated this year by employees and other donors during 'Bring a Turkey to Work Day,' an annual Lab event that takes places Thanksgiving week. September 16, 2013 LANL employees organize food for the Holiday Food Drive. Contacts Giving Drives Ed Vigil Community Programs Office (505) 665-9205 Email Giving Drives Enrique Trujillo Community Programs Office (505) 665-6384 Email Helping feed Northern New Mexico families Community partners The Food Depot (Santa Fe) Del Norte Credit Union Smith's Food and Drug Giving Holiday Food Drive Holiday Gift Drive LANL Laces Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund

10

Higher Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Higher Education Higher Education Explore the multiple dimensions of a career at LANL: work with brilliant minds in an inclusive environment rich in intellectual vitality and...

11

Dosimetric parameters as predictive factors for biochemical control in patients with higher risk prostate cancer treated with Pd-103 and supplemental beam radiation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To analyze the role of dosimetric quality parameters in maximizing cancer eradication in higher risk prostate cancer patients treated with palladium (Pd)-103 and supplemental beam radiation. Methods: One-hundred-seventy-nine patients treated with Pd-103 and supplemental beam radiation, with minimum 2 years follow-up prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values and posttreatment computed tomography scans were analyzed. Dosimetric parameters included the V100 (percent of the postimplant volume covered by the prescription dose), the D90 (the minimum dose that covered 90% of the post implant volume), and the treatment margins (the radial distance between the prostatic edge and the prescription isodose). Treatment margins (TMs) were calculated using premarket software. Results: Freedom from biochemical failure was 79% at 3 years, with 92 of the 179 patients (51%) followed beyond 3 years. In comparing patients who did or did not achieve biochemical control, the most striking differences were in biologic factors of pretreatment PSA and Gleason score. The V100, D90, and average TM all showed nonsignificant trends to higher values in patients with biochemical control. In multivariate analysis of each of the three dosimetric parameters against PSA and Gleason score, TM showed the strongest correlation with biochemical control (p = 0.19). Conclusions: For patients with intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer treated with Pd-103 brachytherapy and external beam radiation, biologic factors (PSA and Gleason score) were the most important determinants of cancer eradication. However, there is a trend to better outcomes among patients with higher quality implant parameters, suggesting that attention to implant quality will maximize the likelihood of cure.

Orio, Peter [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Wallner, Kent [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States) and Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States) and Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA (United States)]. E-mail: kent.Wallner@med.va.gov; Merrick, Gregory [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling, WV (United States); Herstein, Andrew [Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Mitsuyama, Paul [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Thornton, Ken [Varian Medical Systems, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Butler, Wayne [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling, WV (United States); Sutlief, Steven [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States)

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

AOCS USB Flash Drive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

1 GB flash drive. AOCS logo printed on aluminum cover. AOCS USB Flash Drive Membership Merchandise Membership Merchandise 7F95621DF44FEA960BA8EE1D1E39CED4 1 GB USB flash drive. AOCS logo printed on aluminum cover. M-USB 17770

13

Optimization of Driving Styles for Fuel Economy Improvement  

SciTech Connect

Modern vehicles have sophisticated electronic control units, particularly to control engine operation with respect to a balance between fuel economy, emissions, and power. These control units are designed for specific driving conditions and testing. However, each individual driving style is different and rarely meets those driving conditions. In the research reported here we investigate those driving style factors that have a major impact on fuel economy. An optimization framework is proposed with the aim of optimizing driving styles with respect to these driving factors. A set of polynomial metamodels are constructed to reflect the responses produced by changes of the driving factors. Then we compare the optimized driving styles to the original ones and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the optimization formulation.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Aguilar, Juan P. [Georgia Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Drill drive mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drill drive mechanism is especially adapted to provide both rotational drive and axial feed for a drill of substantial diameter such as may be used for drilling holes for roof bolts in mine shafts. The drill shaft is made with a helical pattern of scroll-like projections on its surface for removal of cuttings. The drill drive mechanism includes a plurality of sprockets carrying two chains of drive links which are arranged to interlock around the drill shaft with each drive link having depressions which mate with the scroll-like projections. As the chain links move upwardly or downwardly the surfaces of the depressions in the links mate with the scroll projections to move the shaft axially. Tangs on the drive links mate with notch surfaces between scroll projections to provide a means for rotating the shaft. Projections on the drive links mate together at the center to hold the drive links tightly around the drill shaft. The entire chain drive mechanism is rotated around the drill shaft axis by means of a hydraulic motor and gear drive to cause rotation of the drill shaft. This gear drive also connects with a differential gearset which is interconnected with a second gear. A second motor is connected to the spider shaft of the differential gearset to produce differential movement (speeds) at the output gears of the differential gearset. This differential in speed is utilized to drive said second gear at a speed different from the speed of said gear drive, this speed differential being utilized to drive said sprockets for axial movement of said drill shaft.

Dressel, Michael O. (Englewood, CO)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

High Temperature Universal Silicon on Insulator (SOI) Gate Drive  

higher current drive, on-chip regulation capacitors, and more space efficient and robust on-chip layout. ... •Development of high temperature galvanic isolation

16

Current-Drive Efficiency in a Degenerate Plasma  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

a degenerate plasma, the rates of electron processes are much smaller than the classical model would predict, affecting the efficiencies of current generation by external non-inductive means, such as by electromagnetic radiation or intense ion beams. For electron-based mechanisms, the current-drive efficiency is higher than the classical prediction by more than a factor of 6 in a degenerate hydrogen plasma, mainly because the electron-electron collisions do not quickly slow down fast electrons. Moreover, electrons much faster than thermal speeds are more readily excited without exciting thermal electrons. In ion-based mechanisms of current drive, the efficiency is likewise enhanced due to the degeneracy effects, since the electron stopping power on slow ion beams is significantly reduced.

S. Son and N.J. Fisch

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Holiday Gift Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Holiday Gift Drive Holiday Gift Drive Holiday Gift Drive Every year, Laboratory employees help fulfill the holiday wishes of children and seniors in our communities. In 2012, our employees helped more than 1,030 Northern New Mexico children, senior citizens and families have a brighter holiday season. September 16, 2013 Every holiday season, employees of Los Alamos National Laboratory donate and distribute gifts to families in need throughout Northern New Mexico. Contacts Giving Drives Ed Vigil Community Programs Office (505) 665-9205 Email Giving Drives Enrique Trujillo Community Programs Office (505) 665-6384 Email Helping New Mexico families feel the holiday spirit The 2013 campaign runs from November 21-December 18. 2012 Holiday Gift Drive partners Boys and Girls Club Del Norte (Abiquiu Site)

18

Electric top drives gain wide industry acceptance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since its introduction, the top drive drilling system has gained acceptance as a productive and safe method for drilling oil and gas wells. Originally, the system was used mostly for offshore and higher cost land drilling, and it had to be installed as a permanent installation because of its enormous weight and size. Essentially, a top drive replaces the kelly and rotary table as the means of rotating drillpipe on oil, gas and geothermal rigs and is considered to be 15% to 40% more efficient than a kelly drive. Top drive systems allow the operator to drill and maintain directional orientation for triple stands and provide tripping efficiency because of the ability to ream and circulate with triple stands, to reduce the risk of stuck pipe or lost wells, and to improve well control and pipe handling safety. The paper describes electric top drives with DC motors, top drives with AC motors, top drives with permanent magnet motors, and top drives with permanent magnet brushless synchronous motors.

Riahi, M.L.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Higher Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Education » Education » Higher Education Higher Education Explore the multiple dimensions of a career at LANL: work with brilliant minds in an inclusive environment rich in intellectual vitality and opportunities for growth. Contact Education Janelle Vigil-Maestas Community Programs Office (505) 665-4329 Email "The partnership between LANL and regional colleges creates opportunities for students like me to attain challenging and rewarding careers." - Sherry Salas Bachicha Higher Education Resources for Undergraduates, Graduates & Postdocs Opportunities LANL Foundation Scholarships LANL Post Doc Program Programs Certificate in Environmental Monitoring (pdf) Community College Institute (CCI) (pdf) Computer Science and Information Technology Pipeline Program (ADIT/HPC Division) (pdf)

20

Piezoelectric drive circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor drive circuit is provided which utilizes the piezoelectric elements as oscillators and a Meacham half-bridge approach to develop feedback from the motor ground circuit to produce a signal to drive amplifiers to power the motor. The circuit automatically compensates for shifts in harmonic frequency of the piezoelectric elements due to pressure and temperature changes.

Treu, Jr., Charles A. (Raymore, MO)

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Piezoelectric drive circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor drive circuit is provided which utilizes the piezoelectric elements as oscillators and a Meacham half-bridge approach to develop feedback from the motor ground circuit to produce a signal to drive amplifiers to power the motor. The circuit automatically compensates for shifts in harmonic frequency of the piezoelectric elements due to pressure and temperature changes. 7 figs.

Treu, C.A. Jr.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

Traction Drive Systems Breakout  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Traction Drive Systems Breakout Traction Drive Systems Breakout John M. Miller, PhD, PE, F.IEEE, F.SAE Oak Ridge National Laboratory Facilitator July 24, 2012 EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Vehicle Technologies Program - Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors eere.energy.gov EV Everywhere Traction Drive System * DOE goals for Electric Traction Drive System (TDS) innovations must be disruptive innovation focused to meet the CY2022 price target ($20,000 $25,000) for a mid-sized 5 passenger sedan having 5 year simple payback. Enhanced Efficiency Reduced Cost Traction Drive System EETT Roadmap: "Therefore, research is needed to develop technologies that are less expensive and, at the same time, smaller, lighter, more efficient, and equally reliable as conventional automotive technologies. "

23

Intrusions: What Drives Them?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The driving mechanism for the observed interleaving of water masses is generally assumed to be double-diffusive mixing. However, some observations of intrusions have been made in regions where the mean stratification is stable to double-diffusive ...

Dave Hebert

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Control rod drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control rod drive uses gravitational forces to insert one or more control rods upwardly into a reactor core from beneath the reactor core under emergency conditions. The preferred control rod drive includes a vertically movable weight and a mechanism operatively associating the weight with the control rod so that downward movement of the weight is translated into upward movement of the control rod. The preferred control rod drive further includes an electric motor for driving the control rods under normal conditions, an electrically actuated clutch which automatically disengages the motor during a power failure and a decelerator for bringing the control rod to a controlled stop when it is inserted under emergency conditions into a reactor core.

Hawke, Basil C. (Solana Beach, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

CONTROL ROD DRIVE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

BS>A drive mechanism was invented for the control rod of a nuclear reactor. Power is provided by an electric motor and an outside source of fluid pressure is utilized in conjunction with the fluid pressure within the reactor to balance the loadings on the motor. The force exerted on the drive mechanism in the direction of scramming the rod is derived from the reactor fluid pressure so that failure of the outside pressure source will cause prompt scramming of the rod.

Chapellier, R.A.

1960-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

26

School supply drive winding down  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

submit School supply drive winding down The drive is collecting materials for schools throughout Northern New Mexico and will be distributed by the Lab and Self Help, Inc....

27

Electric Drive Status and Challenges  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Achieve Traction Drive Cost Target * Inverter: cold plate, drive boards, thermal interface material, bus bar, current sensors, housing, control board, etc. Motor:...

28

Simulated fuel economy and emissions performance during city and interstate driving for a heavy-duty hybrid truck  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We compare simulated fuel economy and emissions for both conventional and hybrid class 8 heavy-duty diesel trucks operating over multiple urban and highway driving cycles. Both light and heavy freight loads were considered, and all simulations included full aftertreatment for NOx and particulate emissions controls. The aftertreatment components included a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), urea-selective catalytic NOx reduction (SCR), and a catalyzed diesel particulate filter (DPF). Our simulated hybrid powertrain was configured with a pre-transmission parallel drive, with a single electric motor between the clutch and gearbox. A conventional HD truck with equivalent diesel engine and aftertreatment was also simulated for comparison. Our results indicate that hybridization can significantly increase HD fuel economy and improve emissions control in city driving. However, there is less potential hybridization benefit for HD highway driving. A major factor behind the reduced hybridization benefit for highway driving is that there are fewer opportunities to utilize regenerative breaking. Our aftertreatment simulations indicate that opportunities for passive DPF regeneration are much greater for both hybrid and conventional trucks during highway driving due to higher sustained exhaust temperatures. When passive DPF regeneration is extensively utilized, the fuel penalty for particulate control is virtually eliminated, except for the 0.4%-0.9% fuel penalty associated with the slightly higher exhaust backpressure.

Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Pihl, Josh A [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Ceramic vane drive joint  

SciTech Connect

A variable geometry gas turbine has an array of ceramic composition vanes positioned by an actuating ring coupled through a plurality of circumferentially spaced turbine vane levers to the outer end of a metallic vane drive shaft at each of the ceramic vanes. Each of the ceramic vanes has an end slot of bow tie configuration including flared end segments and a center slot therebetween. Each of the vane drive shafts has a cross head with ends thereof spaced with respect to the sides of the end slot to define clearance for free expansion of the cross head with respect to the vane and the cross head being configured to uniformly distribute drive loads across bearing surfaces of the vane slot.

Smale, Charles H. (Indianapolis, IN)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Current drive, anticurrent drive, and balanced injection  

SciTech Connect

In lower hybrid (LH) discharges, the number of suprathermal electrons is limited by the upper bound on the current density from the q = 1 condition, which is caused by the onset of the m = 1 MHD instability. The stored energy of suprathermal electrons, measured in terms of a poloidal beta, scales with plasma current as I/sub p//sup -1/. Potentially, these bounds represent very restrictive conditions for heating in larger machines. Consequently, it seems necessary to perform experiments where the electrons are driven in both directions, parallel and antiparallel to the magnetic field, i.e., bidirectional scenarios like anticurrent drive or balanced injection. Data from PLT relevant to these ideas are discussed. 6 refs., 4 figs.

von Goeler, S.; Stevens, J.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Bell, R.; Bernabei, S.; Bitter, M.; Cavallo, A.; Chu, T.K.; Fishman, H.; Hill, K.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

LCLS Injector Drive Laser  

SciTech Connect

Requirements for the LCLS injector drive laser present significant challenges to the design of the system. While progress has been demonstrated in spatial shape, temporal shape, UV generation and rep-rate, a laser that meets all of the LCLS specifications simultaneously has yet to be demonstrated. These challenges are compounded by the stability and reliability requirements. The drive laser and transport system has been installed and tested. We will report on the current operational state of the laser and plans for future improvements.

Dowell, D.H.; Castro, J.; Emma, P.; Frisch, J.; Gilevich, A.; Hays, G.; Hering, P.; Limborg-Deprey, C.; Loos, H.; Miahnahri, A.; White, W.; /SLAC

2007-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

32

CONTROL ROD DRIVE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Accurate and controlled drive for the control rod is from an electric motor. A hydraulic arrangement is provided to balance a piston against which a control rod is urged by the application of fluid pressure. The electric motor drive of the control rod for normal operation is made through the aforementioned piston. In the event scramming is required, the fluid pressure urging the control rod against the piston is relieved and an opposite fluid pressure is applied. The lack of mechanical connection between the electric motor and control rod facilitates the scramming operation.

Chapellier, R.A.; Rogers, I.

1961-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

33

Drive5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drive5 Drive5 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Drive5 Agency/Company /Organization: Drive5 Sector: Energy Focus Area: Vehicles Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website, Mobile Device Website: www.drive5.us Web Application Link: www.drive5.us Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Challenge Generated Drive5 Screenshot References: Drive5[1] Challenge.gov[2] Challenge.gov Submission Page[3] Measure your fuel economy real time with five metrics to save on fuel costs. Overview Drive1: Fuel Economy Drive5 gives you real time fuel economy feedback for any car 1984 and newer by simply utilizing the sensors embedded in your phone or tablet. It uses a statistical algorithm which leverages the fueleconomy.gov's open dataset along with data from thousands of automobile trips. No connections to the

34

Drive Less, Save More | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More May 24, 2011 - 12:31pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For someone who works in the Vehicle Technologies Program, I actually don't spend that much time in my automobile. I usually get around using a combination of public transit, my bike, and my own two feet. But I'm an exception. In the U.S., the vehicle miles travelled per person is actually twice as high as it is in Western Europe and three times higher than in Japan. However, alternatives to using your car have a wealth of benefits. In addition to reducing petroleum consumption, they can lower greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, decrease stress, and bring communities together. Fortunately, there are a variety of ways to minimize the distance

35

Drive Less, Save More | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More May 24, 2011 - 12:31pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For someone who works in the Vehicle Technologies Program, I actually don't spend that much time in my automobile. I usually get around using a combination of public transit, my bike, and my own two feet. But I'm an exception. In the U.S., the vehicle miles travelled per person is actually twice as high as it is in Western Europe and three times higher than in Japan. However, alternatives to using your car have a wealth of benefits. In addition to reducing petroleum consumption, they can lower greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, decrease stress, and bring communities together. Fortunately, there are a variety of ways to minimize the distance

36

Chinese demand drives global deforestation Chinese demand drives global deforestation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chinese demand drives global deforestation Chinese demand drives global deforestation By Tansa Musa zones and do not respect size limits in their quest for maximum financial returns. "I lack words economy. China's demand for hardwood drives illegal logging says "Both illegal and authorized

37

Gas Mileage Tips - Driving More Efficiently  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving More Efficiently Drive Sensibly frustrated driver Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking) wastes gas. It can lower your gas mileage by 33 percent at...

38

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - DRIVE: Drive-Cycle Rapid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

representative drive cycles from raw data, the tool is capable of comparing vehicle operation to industry standard test cycles and can even select a representative...

39

Rotary drive mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a rotary drive mechanism which includes a rotary solenoid having a stator and multi-poled rotor. A moving member rotates with the rotor and is biased by a biasing device. The biasing device causes a further rotational movement after rotation by the rotary solenoid. Thus, energization of the rotary solenoid moves the member in one direction to one position and biases the biasing device against the member. Subsequently, de- energization of the rotary solenoid causes the biasing device to move the member in the same direction to another position from where the moving member is again movable by energization and de-energization of the rotary solenoid. Preferably, the moving member is a multi-lobed cam having the same number of lobes as the rotor has poles. An anti- overdrive device is also preferably provided for preventing overdrive in the forward direction or a reverse rotation of the moving member and for precisely aligning the moving member.

Kenderdine, E.W.

1991-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

40

Rotary drive mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A rotary drive mechanism includes a rotary solenoid having a stator and multi-poled rotor. A moving member rotates with the rotor and is biased by a biasing device. The biasing device causes a further rotational movement after rotation by the rotary solenoid. Thus, energization of the rotary solenoid moves the member in one direction to one position and biases the biasing device against the member. Subsequently, de-energization of the rotary solenoid causes the biasing device to move the member in the same direction to another position from where the moving member is again movable by energization and de-energization of the rotary solenoid. Preferably, the moving member is a multi-lobed cam having the same number of lobes as the rotor has poles. An anti-overdrive device is also preferably provided for preventing overdrive in the forward direction or a reverse rotation of the moving member and for precisely aligning the moving member.

Kenderdine, Eugene W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

QUICK RELEASABLE DRIVE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A quick releasable mechanical drive system suitable for use in a nuclear reactor is described. A small reversible motor positions a control rod by means of a worm and gear speed reducer, a magnetic torque clutch, and a bell crank. As the control rod is raised to the operating position, a heavy coil spring is compressed. In the event of an emergency indicated by either a''scram'' signal or a power failure, the current to the magnetic clutch is cut off, thereby freeing the coil spring and the bell crank positioner from the motor and speed reduction gearing. The coil spring will immediately act upon the bell crank to cause the insertion of the control rod. This arrangement will allow the slow, accurate positioning of the control rod during reactor operation, while providing an independent force to rapidly insert the rod in the event of an emergency.

Dickson, J.J.

1958-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Hydrogen--electric power drives  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen--electric power drives would consist of most or all of these: chilled hydrogen gas tank, liquid oxygen tank, a bank of fuel cells, dc/ac inverter, ac drive motors, solid state ac speed control, dc sputter-ion vacuum pumps, steam turbine generator set and steam condenser. Each component is described. Optional uses of low pressure extraction steam and warm condensate are listed. Power drive applications are listed. Impact on public utilities, fuel suppliers, and users is discussed.

Hall, F.F.

1978-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Enhancing cavity cooling with cavity driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cavity-mediated cooling has the potential to become one of the most efficient techniques to cool molecular species down to very low temperatures. However, theoretical schemes with single-laser driving require relatively strong trapping potentials and relatively long cavity photon life times which are hard to realise experimentally. In this paper we therefore consider an alternative cavity cooling scenario with double-laser driving. It is shown that the second laser can enhance the phonon-photon coherence which governs the time evolution of the mean phonon number, thereby resulting in higher cooling rates and a lower final temperature, when the cavity decay rate kappa is four or more times larger than the phonon frequency nu of the trapped particle.

Blake, Tony; Beige, Almut

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

OMEGA polar-drive target designs  

SciTech Connect

Low-adiabat polar-drive (PD) [Skupsky et al., Phys. Plasmas 11, 2763 (2004)] implosion designs for the OMEGA [Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)] laser are described. These designs for cryogenic deuterium-tritium and warm plastic shells use a temporal laser pulse shape with three pickets followed by a main pulse [Goncharov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 165001 (2010)]. The designs are at two different on-target laser intensities, with different in-flight aspect ratios (IFARs). These designs permit studies of implosion energetics and target performance closer to ignition-relevant intensities ({approx}7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2} at the quarter-critical surface, where nonlocal heat conduction and laser-plasma interactions can play an important role) but at lower values of IFAR {approx} 22 or at lower intensity ({approx}3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2}) but at a higher IFAR (IFAR {approx} 32, where shell instability can play an important role). PD geometry requires repointing of laser beams to improve shell symmetry. The higher-intensity designs optimize target performance by repointing beams to a lesser extent, compensating for the reduced equatorial drive by increasing the energies of the repointed beams. They also use custom beam profiles that improve equatorial illumination at the expense of irradiation at higher latitudes. These latter designs will be studied when new phase plates for the OMEGA Laser System, corresponding to the custom beam profiles, are obtained.

Radha, P. B.; Marozas, J. A.; Marshall, F. J.; Shvydky, A.; Collins, T. J. B.; Goncharov, V. N.; McKenty, P. W.; Sangster, T. C.; Skupsky, S. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 E. River Road, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); McCrory, R. L.; Meyerhofer, D. D. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 E. River Road, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Physics, University of Rochester, 250 E. River Road, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rural Driving Hazards Rural Driving Hazards SGP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts SGP Rural Driving Hazards The rural location of the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site facilities requires that visitors travel on unpaved, dirt and gravel, roads. Visitors should be aware of the driving hazards this presents by taking the following precautions: Proceed cautiously: Many rural roads have unmarked and blind intersections. Slow down: Sanded and gravel raods can cause a vehicle to swerve. Maintain a safe following distance: During the dry season, vehicles

46

Upgrading coal plant damper drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The replacement of damper drives on two coal-fired units at the James H. Miller Jr. electric generating plant by Intelligent Contrac electric rotary actuators is discussed. 2 figs.

Hood, N.R.; Simmons, K. [Alamaba Power (United States)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Direct drive field actuator motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positive-drive field actuator motor is described which includes a stator carrying at least one field actuator which changes in dimension responsive to application of an energy field, and at least one drive shoe movable by the dimensional changes of the field actuator to contact and move a rotor element with respect to the stator. Various embodiments of the motor are disclosed, and the rotor element may be moved linearly or arcuately. 62 figs.

Grahn, A.R.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

48

Mechanical drive for blood pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to a highly efficient blood pump to be used as a replacement for a ventricle of the human heart to restore people disabled by heart disease. The mechanical drive of the present invention is designed to operate in conjunction with a thermoelectric converter power source. The mechanical drive system essentially converts the output of a rotary power into pulsatile motion so that the power demand from the thermoelectric converter remains essentially constant while the blood pump output is pulsed. (auth)

Bifano, N.J.; Pouchot, W.D.

1975-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

49

Low backlash direct drive actuator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low backlash direct drive actuator is described which comprises a motor such as a stepper motor having at least 200 steps per revolution; a two part hub assembly comprising a drive hub coaxially attached to the shaft of the motor and having a plurality of drive pins; a driven hub having a plurality of bores in one end thereof in alignment with the drive pins in the drive hub and a threaded shaft coaxially mounted in an opposite end of the driven hub; and a housing having a central bore therein into which are fitted the drive hub and driven hub, the housing having a motor mount on one end thereof to which is mounted the stepper motor, and a closed end portion with a threaded opening therein coaxial with the central bore in the housing and receiving therein the threaded shaft attached to the driven hub. Limit switches mounted to the housing cooperate with an enlarged lip on the driven hub to limit the lateral travel of the driven hub in the housing, which also acts to limit the lateral travel of the threaded shaft which functions as a lead screw.

Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakland, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Cone Drive Operations Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

worm gear technology. The company supplies azimuth and elevation drives for solar tracking applications. References Cone Drive Operations Inc1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

51

Electric vehicle drive train with contactor protection ...  

A drive train for an electric vehicle includes a traction battery, a power drive circuit, a main contactor for connecting and disconnecting the ...

52

Driving Green com | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Driving Green com Jump to: navigation, search Name Driving Green.com Place Melbourne, Florida Zip...

53

Distribution Drive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drive Drive Jump to: navigation, search Name Distribution Drive Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75205 Product Biodiesel fuel distributor. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

Drive reconfiguration mechanism for tracked robotic vehicle  

SciTech Connect

Drive reconfiguration apparatus for changing the configuration of a drive unit with respect to a vehicle body may comprise a guide system associated with the vehicle body and the drive unit which allows the drive unit to rotate about a center of rotation that is located at about a point where the drive unit contacts the surface being traversed. An actuator mounted to the vehicle body and connected to the drive unit rotates the drive unit about the center of rotation between a first position and a second position.

Willis, W. David (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Scaled physical model studies of the steam drive process. Second annual report, September 1978-September 1979  

SciTech Connect

A scaled physical model was operated to simulate steam drive operations in five-spot patterns with reservoir and operational parameters similar to those encountered in California reservoirs. The goal of this study was to elucidate the role of two important controllable parameters, viz., steam injection rate and steam quality and to explore the role of two important factors, oil viscosity and reservoir permeability on the performance of the steam drive. In addition, the influence of bottom water and a basal permeable layer were investigated. The experiments demonstrated that there is an optimum injection rate; that in the vicinity of this optimum an increased quantity results in improved oil steam ratios; that the viscosity of the oil at steam temperature, raised to a fractional power, 0.5, appears to correlate with oil production; that permeabilities in the darcy range have little effect on performance, but an increasing one with low viscosity oil, and that bottom water, which facilitates injection, results in toorer early performance but one which eventually rivals the oil/steam ratio of a uniform reservoir at a somewhat higher recovery of original oil in place. It has been concluded that the major value of the physical model is in describing the role of the reservoir and operational parameters of a class of steam drive operations rather than providing an exact prediction of a given operation.The problem of supplying the latter lies in the virtually impossible-to-define distribution of oil, gas and water in the reservoir on initiating the steam drive. Two years of this project have now been completed. During the forthcoming final phase of the program, effort will be devoted to studying the relative effects of solvent and gas addition to the steam, of diurnal injection, and of (horizontal) well placement.

Dosher, T.M.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Drive cycle analysis of the performance of hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a drive cycle analysis of hybrid electric vehicle power train configurations. Based on fuel economy and emissions factors, a tradeoff between conventional, series hybrid, parallel hybrid, and a parallel-series hybrid is drawn. The ... Keywords: emissions, fuel consumption, hybrid electric vehicles, modeling and simulation

Behnam Ganji; Abbas Z. Kouzani; H. M. Trinh

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Hydromechanical transmission with hydrodynamic drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This transmission has a first planetary gear assembly having first input means connected to an input shaft, first output means, and first reaction means, and a second planetary gear assembly having second input means connected to the first input means, second output means, and second reaction means connected directly to the first reaction means by a reaction shaft. First clutch means, when engaged, connect the first output means to an output shaft in a high driving range. A hydrodynamic drive is used; for example, a torque converter, which may or may not have a stationary case, has a pump connected to the second output means, a stator grounded by an overrunning clutch to the case, and a turbine connected to an output member, and may be used in a starting phase. Alternatively, a fluid coupling or other type of hydrodynamic drive may be used. Second clutch means, when engaged, for connecting the output member to the output shaft in a low driving range. A variable-displacement hydraulic unit is mechanically connected to the input shaft, and a fixed-displacement hydraulic unit is mechanically connected to the reaction shaft. The hydraulic units are hydraulically connected together so that when one operates as a pump the other acts as a motor, and vice versa. Both clutch means are connected to the output shaft through a forward-reverse shift arrangement. It is possible to lock out the torque converter after the starting phase is over.

Orshansky, Jr., deceased, Elias (LATE OF San Francisco, CA); Weseloh, William E. (San Diego, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Water drives peptide conformational transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transitions between metastable conformations of a dipeptide are investigated using classical molecular dynamics simulation with explicit water molecules. The distribution of the surrounding water at different moments before the transitions and the dynamical correlations of water with the peptide's configurational motions indicate that water is the main driving force of the conformational changes.

Nerukh, Dmitry

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Anomalous-viscosity current drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for maintaining a steady-state current for magnetically confining the plasma in a toroidal magnetic confinement device using anomalous viscosity current drive. A second aspect of this invention relates to an apparatus and method for the start-up of a magnetically confined toroidal plasma.

Stix, T.H.; Ono, M.

1986-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

60

US DRIVE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency and Energy Sustainability Partnership Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Partnership Plan Partnership Plan March 2013 U.S. DRIVE Partnership Plan Table of Contents Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 2 Definition ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 Partners ......................................................................................................................................................... 3 U.S. DRIVE Vision ........................................................................................................................................... 3 U.S. DRIVE Mission ........................................................................................................................................ 4

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Magnetically Coupled Adjustable Speed Drive Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Adjustable speed drive (ASD) technologies have the ability to precisely control motor sytems output and produce a numbr of benefits including energy and demand savings. This report examines the performance and cost effectiveness of a specific class of ASDs called magnetically-coupled adjustable speed drives (MC-ASD) which use the strength of a magnetic field to control the amount of torque transferred between motor and drive shaft. The MagnaDrive Adjustable Speed Coupling System uses fixed rare-earth magnets and varies the distance between rotating plates in the assembly. the PAYBACK Variable Speed Drive uses an electromagnet to control the speed of the drive

Chvala, William D.; Winiarski, David W.

2002-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

62

HybriDrive Propulsion System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HybriDrive HybriDrive ® Propulsion System Cleaner, smarter power for transit DOE/FTA Fuel Cell Research Priorities Workshop Washington, DC 7 June 2010 Bart W. Mancini Sr. Principal Systems Engineer BAE Systems Ph: 607-770-4103 bart.mancini@baesystems.com 2 Overview 3 * BAE Systems FC Experience / Deployments * Technology gaps/barriers to full commercialization of fuel cell buses * Well-to-wheels energy efficiency and emissions * Cost metrics * Bus integration issues * Fuel cell bus R&D needs * Future plans BAE Systems FC Experience / Deployments 4 * 1998 - Georgetown/FTA/DOE Fuel Cell Bus #1 (still serviceable) * UTC 100 kW Phosphoric Acid FC using on-board Methanol Reformate, Hybrid propulsion & Electric accessories * 2000 - Georgetown/FTA/DOE Fuel Cell Bus #2 (retired) *

63

Granular gases under extreme driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study inelastic gases in two dimensions using event-driven molecular dynamics simulations. Our focus is the nature of the stationary state attained by rare injection of large amounts of energy to balance the dissipation due to collisions. We find that under such extreme driving, with the injection rate much smaller than the collision rate, the velocity distribution has a power-law high energy tail. The numerically measured exponent characterizing this tail is in excellent agreement with predictions of kinetic theory over a wide range of system parameters. We conclude that driving by rare but powerful energy injection leads to a well-mixed gas and constitutes an alternative mechanism for agitating granular matter. In this distinct nonequilibrium steady-state, energy cascades from large to small scales. Our simulations also show that when the injection rate is comparable with the collision rate, the velocity distribution has a stretched exponential tail.

W. Kang; J. Machta; E. Ben-Naim

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

64

BNL Blood Drives: Iron-rich foods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BNL Blood Drives: Iron-Rich Foods Blood Drive Home Seafood: Fish (cod, sardines, tuna, clams, oysters, shrimp) Poultry: Chicken, eggs, yolk Lean Red Meats: Beef, lamb, veal, pork,...

65

Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites A memo on small businesses helping drive the...

66

Adjustable Speed Drive Industrial Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric motors are significant users of electricity in the United States. Approximately 66 percent of the total electricity in the U.S. is used by electric motors. Electronic adjustable speed drives (ASDs) can save energy, lower maintenance cost and improve product quality. By providing a variable frequency output to ac motors the speed of the motors can be controlled and matched to the process requirements. The benefits that may be derived from using ASDs are described and the type of ASDs, applications and specific case studies of ASD installations are also discussed.

Poole, J. N.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the future, wind energy developers may benefit from twofunds System benefits funds can also promote wind energyWind energy projects have been supported through a combination of systems benefits

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and emerging in-state renewable energy sources during thedevelopment, so State Renewable Energy News, Volume 10,03-002F.PDF State Renewable Energy News, Volume 11, No. 3,

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incentives, and integrated resource planning; as well as market drivers, such as consumer demand for green power, natural gas

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

news release, “PUC Approves Xcel Resource Plan with AdditionPublic Utility Commission’s Xcel Wind Decision. ” Papera settlement requiring Xcel Energy to develop or purchase

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in natural gas prices made wind energy more economic. In aprices, also played a significant roll in advancing wind energynatural gas at prices of $3.50/Mcf. Wind energy generation

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

able to move forward in the PJM ISO because scheduling andresources. For example, the PJM market operates withoutmarket. 75 In addition, PJM is a relatively liquid spot

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the above-market costs of renewable energy. 50 In its firstterm, lower-cost existing renewable energy sources in therenewable energy facilities, which further reduces the cost

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1: CUMULATIVE U.S. WIND ENERGY CAPACITY policies and broadof wind energy development, resource potential, and policythe state’s tax policy, the Mountaineer Wind Energy Center

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a property tax exemption for wind farms that helps lower theto assess property tax on wind farms at a special discountedlocated at the Gray County Wind Farm in southwest Kansas.

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inventory of State Incentives for Wind Energy in the U.S. :Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy, accessedenergy mandates, state tax and financial incentives,

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Factors Driving Prices & Forecast - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The rest of the talk will discuss how we got where we are today and what we expect this winter. I will focus on two drivers behind prices: the crude ...

78

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for green power, natural gas price volatility, and wholesalethe past several years, natural gas prices have experiencedonly from inflated natural gas prices but also from supply-

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state’s relatively low-cost wind energy resources have beens RPS requirement; low-cost wind energy; and, to a lesserthat helps lower the cost of wind energy generation. A law

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

DOE Drives Big Data Push  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Volume 9 Issue 2 2 Volume 9 Issue 2 From YAGS to Planetary Biology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 DOE Drives Big Data Push . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Sweating Small Scale Genomics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 The Future of the DOE JGI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Save the Date for Meeting 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 also in this issue With a record 488 genomics researchers and bioinformaticians sitting in the Marriott Walnut Creek ballroom, New York Times science writer Carl Zimmer opened the DOE Joint Genome Institute's 7th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 20, 2012. Sharing his thoughts about being "On the Genome Beat," he informed the audience that he was worn down by seeing news about scientists successfully sequencing yet another genome sequence, and that "maybe some genomes shouldn't be written about." Zimmer's words engaged the audience in a discussion that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Current Drive in Recombining Plasma  

SciTech Connect

The Langevin equations describing the average collisional dynamics of suprathermal particles in nonstationary plasma remarkably admit an exact analytical solution in the case of recombining plasma. The current density produced by arbitrary particle fluxes is derived including the effect of charge recombination. Since recombination has the effect of lowering the charge density of the plasma, thus reducing the charged particle collisional frequencies, the evolution of the current density can be modified substantially compared to plasma with fixed charge density. The current drive efficiency is derived and optimized for discrete and continuous pulses of current, leading to the discovery of a nonzero "residual" current density that persists indefinitely under certain conditions, a feature not present in stationary plasmas.

P.F. Schmit and N.J. Fisch

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Current drive in recombining plasma  

SciTech Connect

The Langevin equations describing the average collisional dynamics of suprathermal particles in nonstationary plasma remarkably admit an exact analytical solution in the case of recombining plasma. The current density produced by arbitrary particle fluxes is derived including the influence of charge recombination. Since recombination has the effect of lowering the charge density of the plasma, thus reducing the charged particle collisional frequencies, the evolution of the current density can be modified substantially compared to plasma with fixed charge density. The current drive efficiency is derived and optimized for discrete and continuous pulses of current, leading to the discovery of a nonzero ''residual'' current density that persists indefinitely under certain conditions, a feature not present in stationary plasmas.

Schmit, P. F.; Fisch, N. J. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Vehicle Technologies Office: U.S. DRIVE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. DRIVE U.S. DRIVE Logo for U.S. DRIVE - Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability. U.S. DRIVE stands for Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability. It is a non-binding and voluntary government-industry partnership focused on advanced automotive and related infrastructure technology research and development (R&D). Specifically, the Partnership is a forum for pre-competitive technical information exchange among partners to discuss R&D needs, develop joint goals and technology roadmaps, and evaluate R&D progress for a broad range of technical areas. By providing a framework for frequent and regular interaction among technical experts in a common area of expertise, the Partnership -

84

Electric vehicle drive train with contactor protection  

SciTech Connect

A drive train for an electric vehicle includes a traction battery, a power drive circuit, a main contactor for connecting and disconnecting the traction battery and the power drive circuit, a voltage detector across contacts of the main contactor, and a controller for controlling the main contactor to prevent movement of its contacts to the closed position when the voltage across the contacts exceeds a predetermined threshold, to thereby protect the contacts of the contactor. The power drive circuit includes an electric traction motor and a DC-to-AC inverter with a capacitive input filter. The controller also inhibits the power drive circuit from driving the motor and thereby discharging the input capacitor if the contacts are inadvertently opened during motoring. A precharging contactor is controlled to charge the input filter capacitor prior to closing the main contactor to further protect the contacts of the main contactor.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Benson, Ralph A. (Roanoke, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Electric vehicle drive train with contactor protection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drive train for an electric vehicle includes a traction battery, a power drive circuit, a main contactor for connecting and disconnecting the traction battery and the power drive circuit, a voltage detector across contacts of the main contactor, and a controller for controlling the main contactor to prevent movement of its contacts to the closed position when the voltage across the contacts exceeds a predetermined threshold, to thereby protect the contacts of the contactor. The power drive circuit includes an electric traction motor and a DC-to-AC inverter with a capacitive input filter. The controller also inhibits the power drive circuit from driving the motor and thereby discharging the input capacitor if the contacts are inadvertently opened during motoring. A precharging contactor is controlled to charge the input filter capacitor prior to closing the main contactor to further protect the contacts of the main contactor. 3 figures.

Konrad, C.E.; Benson, R.A.

1994-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

86

Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies January 16, 2011 Maryanne Fuller (MF): Hi there. This is Maryanne Fuller from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory....

87

Wind Turbine Design Innovations Drive Industry Transformation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Turbine Design Innovations Drive Industry Transformation For more than 20 years, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has helped GE and its predecessors achieve...

88

Electric-Drive Vehicle Basics (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

Not Available

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Electric Drive Vehicles and Their Infrastructure Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clean Cities Webinar - Electric Drive Vehicles and Their Infrastructure Issues (March 2010) Jim Francfort and Don Karner Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity March 24, 2010 This...

90

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

High-megawatt Electric Drive Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 2. © ABB BU Machines April 10, 2009 | Slide 2 High-megawatt Electric Drive Motors ... motor concept ... A selection of compressor motors >30MW. ...

2012-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

93

Method and apparatus for improved efficiency in a pulse-width-modulated alternating current motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Method and apparatus for improved efficiency in a pulse-width-modulated alternating current motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Method and apparatus for improved efficiency in a pulse-width-modulated alternating current motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements. 6 figures.

Konrad, C.E.; Boothe, R.W.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Method and apparatus for improved efficiency in a pulse-width-modulated alternating current motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements. 6 figs.

Konrad, C.E.; Boothe, R.W.

1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

97

Control rod drive hydraulic system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydraulic system for a control rod drive (CRD) includes a variable output-pressure CR pump operable in a charging mode for providing pressurized fluid at a charging pressure, and in a normal mode for providing the pressurized fluid at a purge pressure, less than the charging pressure. Charging and purge lines are disposed in parallel flow between the CRD pump and the CRD. A hydraulic control unit is disposed in flow communication in the charging line and includes a scram accumulator. An isolation valve is provided in the charging line between the CRD pump and the scram accumulator. A controller is operatively connected to the CRD pump and the isolation valve and is effective for opening the isolation valve and operating the CRD pump in a charging mode for charging the scram accumulator, and closing the isolation valve and operating the CRD pump in a normal mode for providing to the CRD through the purge line the pressurized fluid at a purge pressure lower than the charging pressure.

Ose, Richard A. (San Jose, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

An Assessment of High Performance AC Motor Drives Versus DC Motor Drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In today's rapidly changing market place, drive users are applying AC and DC drives in applications that require more demanding speed and torque performance. Properly matching a drive's rating and unit characteristics to an application are two very effective ways of managing unit cost and cost reduction.

1998-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

99

DRIVE Analysis Tool Generates Custom Vehicle Drive Cycles Based on Real-World Data (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory describes the Drive-Cycle Rapid Investigation, Visualization, and Evaluation (DRIVE) analysis tool, which uses GPS and controller area network data to characterize vehicle operation and produce custom vehicle drive cycles, analyzing thousands of hours of data in a matter of minutes.

Not Available

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

UCDavis University of California Learning By Driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% 29% 0% 2% 10% 37% 39% 71% Solar Wind Hydro Nuclear Natural Gas Coal The electricity for charging fun with it. "I love the regenerative braking. In fact, I miss it when I drive my other cars." ­ Household 8 "It is like driving a slot car. It is exciting; it is as much fun as accelerating" ­ Survey

California at Davis, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Gas Mileage Tips - Driving More Efficiently  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving More Efficiently Driving More Efficiently Personalize Fuel Prices Select the fuel type and enter your fuel price to personalize savings estimates. Regular Midgrade Premium Diesel E85 CNG LPG $ 3.33 /gal Save My Prices Use Default Prices Click "Save My Prices" to apply your prices to other pages, or click "Use Default Prices" use national average prices. Drive Sensibly frustrated driver Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking) wastes gas. It can lower your gas mileage by 33% at highway speeds and by 5% around town. Sensible driving is also safer for you and others, so you may save more than gas money. Fuel Economy Benefit: 5%-33% Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.17-$1.10/gallon Observe the Speed Limit (New Information) Graph showing MPG decreases rapidly at speeds above 50 mph

102

Electrifying Your Drive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive April 27, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For anyone who grew up watching The Jetsons (or Back to the Future, depending on your generation), the "Car of the Future!" flew through the skies with the greatest of ease. Although most of us have given up on our hopes of a flying car, anything beyond the internal combustion engine has seemed hopelessly out of reach until recently. However, with several manufacturers planning on producing plug-in and all-electric vehicles, the Car of the Future will be available soon! But before you put down a deposit, it's helpful to understand the different types of electric drive technologies. The most basic form of electric drive

103

Electrifying Your Drive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive April 27, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For anyone who grew up watching The Jetsons (or Back to the Future, depending on your generation), the "Car of the Future!" flew through the skies with the greatest of ease. Although most of us have given up on our hopes of a flying car, anything beyond the internal combustion engine has seemed hopelessly out of reach until recently. However, with several manufacturers planning on producing plug-in and all-electric vehicles, the Car of the Future will be available soon! But before you put down a deposit, it's helpful to understand the different types of electric drive technologies. The most basic form of electric drive

104

Higher powers in gravitation  

SciTech Connect

We consider the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmologies of theories of gravity that generalize the Einstein-Hilbert action by replacing the Ricci scalar R with some function f(R). The general asymptotic behavior of these cosmologies is found, at both early and late times, and the effects of adding higher and lower powers of R to the Einstein-Hilbert action is investigated. The assumption that the highest powers of R should dominate the Universe's early history, and that the lowest powers should dominate its future is found to be inaccurate. The behavior of the general solution is complicated, and while it can be the case that single powers of R dominate the dynamics at late times, it can be either the higher or lower powers that do so. It is also shown that it is often the lowest powers of R that dominate at early times, when approach to a bounce or a Tolman solution are generic possibilities. Various examples are considered, and both vacuum and perfect fluid solutions are investigated.

Clifton, Timothy [Department of Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

Science Taking Higher  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 1997 4, 1997 Number 7 f Science Taking Higher Profile in Capital continued on page 8 INSIDE 2 Computers and Accelerators 4 Inventions 6 Sloan Digital Sky Survey upon the Clinton Administration and the 105th Congress to increase the nation's investment in scientific research and education. This awareness of science issues emanating from the nation's capital has heartened many of those toiling in the country's laboratories and universities; however, researchers interviewed for this article also said they are closely observing how the rhetoric translates into increased funding as the appropriations process plays out. "I see these [initiatives] as demonstrations of the underlying support of basic science in the community and in Congress," said Jeffrey Photo courtesy

106

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Efficient Driving Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Management Strategies

107

Control rod drive for reactor shutdown  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A means for rapidly shutting down or scramming a nuclear reactor, such as a liquid metal-cooled fast breeder reactor, and serves as a backup to the primary shutdown system. The control rod drive consists basically of an in-core assembly, a drive shaft and seal assembly, and a control drive mechanism. The control rod is driven into the core region of the reactor by gravity and hydraulic pressure forces supplied by the reactor coolant, thus assuring that common mode failures will not interfere with or prohibit scramming the reactor when necessary.

McKeehan, Ernest R. (Los Gatos, CA); Shawver, Bruce M. (San Jose, CA); Schiro, Donald J. (San Jose, CA); Taft, William E. (Los Gatos, CA)

1976-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

108

THE ROLE OF US HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE GLOBAL E-LEARNING MARKET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

der Wende all rights reserved. This paper analyzes system and institutional level responses to the growing demand for e-learning in the US in comparison with a number of other countries and regions. It reviews the external forces and factors that are driving institutions to introduce and use ICT in this area and investigates in particular the role of globalisation and increasing competition. The responses of institutions to the changing (global) environment are discussed with respect to e-learning models and international strategies. Finally, a number of future scenarios are presented as well as an outline for research on the strategic pathways institutions may choose in planning for the future. Author’s biographical information Marijk C. van der Wende is a professor and senior researcher at the Center for Higher Education Policy Studies (CHEPS) at the University of Twente in the Netherlands. She holds a chair in comparative higher education policy studies, with special reference to globalisation and network technologies. From September until December 2001, Marijk was a visiting scholar at the Centre for Studies in Higher Education (CSHE) at the University of California, Berkeley, and a CSHE/HEDA grant recipient. THE ROLE OF U.S. HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE GLOBAL

Marijk Van Der Wende

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

EIA highlights key factors in new energy and financial markets ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Yesterday, EIA launched a new web-based assessment highlighting key factors that can affect crude oil prices called "Energy and Financial Markets: What Drives Crude ...

110

Drive Cycle Analysis, Measurement of Emissions and Fuel Consumption of a PHEV School Bus: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collected and analyzed real-world school bus drive cycle data and selected similar standard drive cycles for testing on a chassis dynamometer. NREL tested a first-generation plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) school bus equipped with a 6.4L engine and an Enova PHEV drive system comprising a 25-kW/80 kW (continuous/peak) motor and a 370-volt lithium ion battery pack. A Bluebird 7.2L conventional school bus was also tested. Both vehicles were tested over three different drive cycles to capture a range of driving activity. PHEV fuel savings in charge-depleting (CD) mode ranged from slightly more than 30% to a little over 50%. However, the larger fuel savings lasted over a shorter driving distance, as the fully charged PHEV school bus would initially operate in CD mode for some distance, then in a transitional mode, and finally in a charge-sustaining (CS) mode for continued driving. The test results indicate that a PHEV school bus can achieve significant fuel savings during CD operation relative to a conventional bus. In CS mode, the tested bus showed small fuel savings and somewhat higher nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions than the baseline comparison bus.

Barnitt, R.; Gonder, J.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Image fusion for a nighttime driving display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An investigation into image fusion for a nighttime driving display application was performed. Most of the image fusion techniques being investigated in this application were developed for other purposes. When comparing the ...

Herrington, William Frederick

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Driving Demand  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

even know they have. This section explains how you can use effective marketing to drive demand for energy upgrades in your community. Following the lead of many Better Buildings...

113

Direct drive wind turbine - Energy Innovation Portal  

A wind turbine is provided that minimizes the size of the drive train and nacelle while maintaining the power electronics and transformer at the top of the tower. The ...

114

Consider Steam Turbine Drives for Rotating Equipment  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP tip sheet on steam turbine drives for rotating equipment provides how-to advice for improving the system using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Driving Efficiencies Track | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving Efficiencies Track Driving Efficiencies Track Driving Efficiencies Track Driving Efficiencies Track Tuesday April 17, 2012 From E-Mail to "The Stream" by Don Burke Taking Records Inventory Into the 21st Century by Lorie A. Robb Engineering and Operations Control: Embrace the Culture by Cheryl Bolen IT Project Management Framework by Denise Hill Wednesday April 18, 2012 Records Warehouse Operations and Records Storage for External Customers by Karen Hatch Preservation of Long-Term Temporary Records by Jeanie Gueretta Mobile Initiatives Effecting Change at Hanford by Don Stewart DOE's CIO's EWA by Sarah Gamage, Don Schade and Alan Andon Green IT 2012: Sustainable Electronics by Edwin Luevanos and Jeff Eagan Thursday April 19, 2012 Document Management and Control System by Melissa Ruth

116

How to Avoid Overestimating Variable Speed Drive Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses eight factors that can cause incorrect and often excessive savings estimates for pump and fan variable speed drive applications. To avoid overestimating savings: 1. Identify system elements that affect head pressure independently of flow rate. 2. Identify system elements that change head pressure in proportion to less than the square of flow rate. 3. Account for dynamic system elements, especially when in systems with minimum static pressure controls. 4. Consider changes in fan efficiency. 5. Account for decreases in motor efficiency at part load, particularly for smaller motors below about 35 percent load. 6. Recognize that existing part load controls may be more efficient than expected. 7. Account for drive losses. 8. Measure full flow power, rather than assuming it is the same as motor nameplate or design power. For many pump and fan systems, none of the eight factors will apply, or their effects will be negligible. However, analysts should consider their applicability when estimating savings for a particular system. This paper provides tools for accounting for the factors.

Maxwell, J. B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Frequency modulation drive for a piezoelectric motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor has peak performance at a specific frequency f.sub.1 that may vary over a range of frequencies. A drive system is disclosed for operating such a motor at peak performance without feedback. The drive system consists of the motor and an ac source connected to power the motor, the ac source repeatedly generating a frequency over a range from f.sub.1 -.DELTA.x to f.sub.1 +.DELTA.y.

Mittas, Anthony (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Variable Frequency Drives: Energy Savings and Impact on Motor Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variable frequency drives (VFDs) have found widespread application in recent years. VFDs are valued for their potential to save energy and improve processes. Reliability has improved significantly, but there are still pitfalls to be addressed in properly applying VFDs. The benefits and pitfalls in applying VFDs that will be addressed by this paper include- Benefits: Energy Savings, Improved Process Control, “Soft Start” Reduced Mechanical Stress, Improved Electrical System Power Factor, and Pitfalls: Motor Acoustic Noise, Motor Heating. This paper is intended for plant engineers and maintenance personnel who have some practical experience with electrical and mechanical equipment, but are not VFD experts.

Petro, D.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator to drive the future FEL Light Source.  

SciTech Connect

X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) are expensive instruments and a large part of the cost of the entire facility is driven by the accelerator. Using a high-energy gain dielectric wake-field accelerator (DWA) instead of the conventional accelerator may provide a significant cost saving and reduction of the facility size. In this article, we investigate using a collinear dielectric wakefield accelerator to provide a high repetition rate, high current, high energy beam to drive a future FEL x-ray light source. As an initial case study, a {approx}100 MV/m loaded gradient, 850 GHz quartz dielectric based 2-stage, wakefield accelerator is proposed to generate a main electron beam of 8 GeV, 50 pC/bunch, {approx}1.2 kA of peak current, 10 x 10 kHz (10 beamlines) in just 100 meters with the fill factor and beam loading considered. This scheme provides 10 parallel main beams with one 100 kHz drive beam. A drive-to-main beam efficiency {approx}38.5% can be achieved with an advanced transformer ratio enhancement technique. rf power dissipation in the structure is only 5 W/cm{sup 2} in the high repetition rate, high gradient operation mode, which is in the range of advanced water cooling capability. Details of study presented in the article include the overall layout, the transform ratio enhancement scheme used to increase the drive to main beam efficiency, main wakefield linac design, cooling of the structure, etc.

Jing, C.; Power, J.; Zholents, A. (Accelerator Systems Division (APS)); ( HEP); (LLC)

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

120

Energy Department Announces $60 Million to Drive Affordable,...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power Energy Department Announces 60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power October 22, 2013 - 11:45am Addthis News...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Energy Department Announces $60 Million to Drive Affordable,...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power Energy Department Announces 60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power October 22, 2013 - 11:45am Addthis News...

122

Microsoft Word - Compare Driving Styles_ ETEC Hymotion Prius...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving intensity is the energy at the wheels used for propulsion. Recaptured energy through regenerative braking is not considered when calculating driving intensity....

123

The Transportation Leapfrog: Using Smart Phones to Collect Driving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Leapfrog: Using Smart Phones to Collect Driving Data and Model Fuel Economy in India Title The Transportation Leapfrog: Using Smart Phones to Collect Driving Data...

124

PHEV and Other Electric Drive Testing Results and Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity PHEV and Other Electric Drive Testing Results and Resources Jim Francfort Electric Drive Session Alternative Fuels & Vehicles Las Vegas, Nevada -...

125

Energy Department Invests to Drive Down Costs of Carbon Capture...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Drive Down Costs of Carbon Capture, Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Pollution Energy Department Invests to Drive Down Costs of Carbon Capture, Support Reductions in...

126

Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological...

127

Portable top drive cuts horizontal drilling costs  

SciTech Connect

Economic analysis of a seven-well, long-reach horizontal drilling program into an unconsolidated, heavy-oil-bearing reservoir in Winter field near the Alberta/Saskatchewan border in Canada reveals that -- in the right application -- renting a portable top drive drilling system can reduce total drilling costs. Use of the portable top drive combined with other cost-saving measures enabled Saskoil, one of Canada`s larger independents, to drill more cheaply, on a cost-per-meter basis, in 1993 than in 1992. This was despite significant rental rates for drilling rigs and directional drilling services caused by increased demand in Western Canada. Total cost savings of 10% on wells that would otherwise cost in the (C) $500,000 range are believed realistic. Based on this year`s performance, Saskoil recommends top drive for the company`s future horizontal wells in this area. This article describes the operator`s horizontal well program, advantages of top drive in that program and how it was installed and applied. Estimated time savings for six wells, plus other ways top drive can cut costs and improve operations are discussed.

Jackson, B. [Saskoil, Regina, Saskatchewan (Canada); Yager, D. [Tesco Drilling Tech., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Objective methods of assessment of influence of alcohol on driving safety: study performed driving simulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper is focused on an introduction of a set of experiments focused on objective methods used for detection of driving impairment caused by influence of different level of alcohol in blood. It introduces the initial experiments which were performed ... Keywords: alcohol, driver's impairment, driving simulation

Roman Piekník; Stanislav Novotny; Petr Bouchner

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

DistributionDrive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DistributionDrive DistributionDrive Jump to: navigation, search Name DistributionDrive Place Addison, Texas Zip 75001 Product Supplier of Biodiesel, Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO), Recycled Vegetable Oil (WVO) and Engine Conversion Kits to use this fuels. Coordinates 38.477365°, -80.412149° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.477365,"lon":-80.412149,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

130

Direct-Drive Inertial Fusion Research at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics: A Review  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the status of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion (ICF) research at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE). LLE's goal is to demonstrate direct-drive ignition on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) by 2014. Baseline "all-DT" NIF direct-drive ignition target designs have been developed that have a predicted gain of 45 (1-D) at a NIF drive energy of ~1.6 MJ. Significantly higher gains are calculated for targets that include a DT-wicked foam ablator. This paper also reviews the results of both warm fuel and initial cryogenic-fuel spherical target implosion experiments carried out on the OMEGA UV laser. The results of these experiments and design calculations increase confidence that the NIF direct-drive ICF ignition goal will be achieved.

McCrory, R.L.; Meyerhofer, D.D.; Loucks, S.J.; Skupsky, S.; Bahr, R.E.; Betti, R.; Boehly, T.R.; Craxton, R.S.; Collins, T.J.B.; Delettrez, J.A.; Donaldson, W.R.; Epstein, R.; Fletcher, K.A.; Freeman, C.; Frenje, J.A.; Glebov, V.Yu.; Goncharov, V.N.; Harding, D.R.; Jaanimagi, P.A.; Keck, R.L.; Kelly, J.H.; Kessler, T.J.; Kilkenny, J.D.; Knauer, J.P.; Li, C.K.; Lund, L.D.; Marozas, J.A.; McKenty, P.W.; Marshall, F.J.; Morse, S.F.B.; Padalino, S.; Petrasso, R.D.; Radha, P.B.; Regan, S.P.; Roberts, S.; Sangster, T.C.; Seguin, F.H.; Seka, W.; Smalyuk, V.A.; Soures, J.M.; Stoeckl, C.; Thorp, K.A.; Yaakobi, B.; Zuegel, J.D.

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

131

Microsoft Word - ORNL Hard Drives Final 08132010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inspections and Special Inquires Inspections and Special Inquires Inspection Report Internal Controls over Computer Hard Drives at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory INS-O-10-03 August 2010 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 August 16, 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR THE DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF SCIENCE FROM: Sandra D. Bruce Assistant Inspector General for Inspections and Special Inquiries SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Inspection Report on "Internal Controls over Computer Hard Drives at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's (Department) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak

132

Higher Education Tuition Assistance And  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Tables 1. Summary Statistics for W.Va. Public Higher Education Graduates Receiving PROMISE and HEGP .................................................................................................1 Summary Data For PROMISE Scholarship And West Virginia Higher Education Grant Recipients................................................................................................................13 Appendix I: Detailed Description Of Employment Data .........................................14

Mohaghegh, Shahab

133

Query processing techniques for solid state drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solid state drives perform random reads more than 100x faster than traditional magnetic hard disks, while offering comparable sequential read and write bandwidth. Because of their potential to speed up applications, as well as their reduced power consumption, ... Keywords: columnar storage, flash memory, join index, late materialization, semi-join reduction, ssd

Dimitris Tsirogiannis; Stavros Harizopoulos; Mehul A. Shah; Janet L. Wiener; Goetz Graefe

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

PCTS Local Driving Directions Princeton University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PCTS Local Driving Directions Princeton University Princeton Center for Theoretical Science Jadwin to Jadwin Hall, there are several parking options. a) There are limited visitors' parking spots directly, in the first aisle, after you turn into the parking lot, which is located on Ivy Lane. (Use the directions

135

Conditions driving chemical freeze-out  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose the entropy density as the thermodynamic condition driving best the chemical freeze-out in heavy-ion collisions. Taking its value from lattice calculations at zero chemical potential, we find that it is excellent in reproducing the experimentally estimated freeze-out parameters. The two characteristic endpoints in the freeze-out diagram are reproduced as well.

A. Tawfik

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

136

Multilevel converters for large electric drives  

SciTech Connect

Traditional two-level high frequency pulse width modulation (PWM) inverters for motor drives have several problems associated with their high frequency switching which produces common-mode voltage and high voltage change (dV/dt) rates to the motor windings. Multilevel inverters solve these problems because their devices can switch at a much lower frequency. Two different multilevel topologies are identified for use as a converter for electric drives, a cascade inverter with separate dc sources and a back-to-back diode clamped converter. The cascade inverter is a natural fit for large automotive all electric drives because of the high VA ratings possible and because it uses several levels of dc voltage sources which would be available from batteries or fuel cells. The back to back diode damped converter is ideal where a source of ac voltage is available such as a hybrid electric vehicle. Simulation and experimental results show the superiority of these two converters over PWM based drives.

Tolbert, L.M.; Peng, F.Z.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Oscillation control system for electric motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify the torque commands applied to the motor. 5 figs.

Slicker, J.M.; Sereshteh, A.

1988-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

138

Oscillation control system for electric motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify thetorque commands applied to the motor.

Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI); Sereshteh, Ahmad (Union Lake, MI)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

HIGHER EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT The Evolving Role of Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Higher, especially university level, education has a distinctly important role in the education system and in the knowledge acquisition system in general. However, the deteriorating state of higher education in Arab countries, particularly in quality, has become one of the hallmarks of underdevelopment by contemporary criteria. If such deterioration were to continue, it is feared that higher education would become a mechanism for perpetuating the backwardness of Arab countries in the 21 st century.

Nader Fergany

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

142

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

143

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

145

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

146

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

147

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

148

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

149

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: January 15, 2: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on AddThis.com... Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences Those living in the center city drive fewer miles in a day than those in

150

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

151

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

152

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

153

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

155

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

156

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

157

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

158

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

159

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

162

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

163

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

164

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

165

Drive piston assembly for a valve actuator assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drive piston assembly is provided that is operable to selectively open a poppet valve. The drive piston assembly includes a cartridge defining a generally stepped bore. A drive piston is movable within the generally stepped bore and a boost sleeve is coaxially disposed with respect to the drive piston. A main fluid chamber is at least partially defined by the generally stepped bore, drive piston, and boost sleeve. First and second feedback chambers are at least partially defined by the drive piston and each are disposed at opposite ends of the drive piston. At least one of the drive piston and the boost sleeve is sufficiently configured to move within the generally stepped bore in response to fluid pressure within the main fluid chamber to selectively open the poppet valve. A valve actuator assembly and engine are also provided incorporating the disclosed drive piston assembly.

Sun, Zongxuan (Troy, MI)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

166

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

167

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

168

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

169

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

170

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

171

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

172

Spectral Effects on Fast Wave Core Heating and Current Drive  

SciTech Connect

Recent results obtained with high harmonic fast wave (HHFW) heating and current drive (CD) on NSTX strongly support the hypothesis that the onset of perpendicular fast wave propagation right at or very near the launcher is a primary cause for a reduction in core heating efficiency at long wavelengths that is also observed in ICRF heating experiments in numerous tokamaks. A dramatic increase in core heating efficiency was first achieved in NSTX L-mode helium majority plasmas when the onset for perpendicular wave propagation was moved away from the antenna and nearby vessel structures. Efficient core heating in deuterium majority L mode and H mode discharges, in which the edge density is typically higher than in comparable helium majority plasmas, was then accomplished by reducing the edge density in front of the launcher with lithium conditioning and avoiding operational points prone to instabilities. These results indicate that careful tailoring of the edge density profiles in ITER should be considered to limit rf power losses to the antenna and plasma facing materials. Finally, in plasmas with reduced rf power losses in the edge regions, the first direct measurements of high harmonic fast wave current drive were obtained with the motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostic. The location and radial dependence of HHFW CD measured by MSE are in reasonable agreement with predictions from both full wave and ray tracing simulations.

C.K. Phillips, R.E. Bell, L.A. Berry, P.T. Bonoli, R.W. Harvey, J.C. Hosea, E.F. Jaeger, B.P. LeBlanc, P.M. Ryan, G. Taylor, E.J. Valeo, J.R. Wilson, J.C. Wright, H. Yuh, and the NSTX Team

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

173

Performance Evaluation of a Cascaded H-Bridge Multi Level Inverter Fed BLDC Motor Drive in an Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The automobile industry is moving fast towards Electric Vehicles (EV); however this paradigm shift is currently making its smooth transition through the phase of Hybrid Electric Vehicles. There is an ever-growing need for integration of hybrid energy sources especially for vehicular applications. Different energy sources such as batteries, ultra-capacitors, fuel cells etc. are available. Usage of these varied energy sources alone or together in different combinations in automobiles requires advanced power electronic circuits and control methodologies. An exhaustive literature survey has been carried out to study the power electronic converter, switching modulation strategy to be employed and the particular machine to be used in an EV. Adequate amount of effort has been put into designing the vehicle specifications. Owing to stronger demand for higher performance and torque response in an EV, the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine has been favored over the traditional Induction Machine. The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate the use of a multi level inverter fed Brush Less Direct Current (BLDC) motor in a field oriented control fashion in an EV and make it follow a given drive cycle. The switching operation and control of a multi level inverter for specific power level and desired performance characteristics is investigated. The EV has been designed from scratch taking into consideration the various factors such as mass, coefficients of aerodynamic drag and air friction, tire radius etc. The design parameters are meant to meet the requirements of a commercial car. The various advantages of a multi level inverter fed PMSM have been demonstrated and an exhaustive performance evaluation has been done. The investigation is done by testing the designed system on a standard drive cycle, New York urban driving cycle. This highly transient driving cycle is particularly used because it provides rapidly changing acceleration and deceleration curves. Furthermore, the evaluation of the system under fault conditions is also done. It is demonstrated that the system is stable and has a ride-through capability under different fault conditions. The simulations have been carried out in MATLAB and Simulink, while some preliminary studies involving switching losses of the converter were done in PSIM.

Emani, Sriram S.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Proceedings of the 35th conference on Winter simulation: driving innovation: driving innovation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2003 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC) continues a thirty-six year tradition as the premier event in discrete-event and combined discrete-continuous simulation. The conference theme, Driving Innovation, invites you to push the boundaries and find ...

David Ferrin; Douglas J. Morrice

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Crossed-beam energy transfer in direct-drive implosions  

SciTech Connect

Direct-drive-implosion experiments on the OMEGA laser [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)] have showed discrepancies between simulations of the scattered (non-absorbed) light levels and measured ones that indicate the presence of a mechanism that reduces laser coupling efficiency by 10%-20%. This appears to be due to crossed-beam energy transfer (CBET) that involves electromagnetic-seeded, low-gain stimulated Brillouin scattering. CBET scatters energy from the central portion of the incoming light beam to outgoing light, reducing the laser absorption and hydrodynamic efficiency of implosions. One-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations including CBET show good agreement with all observables in implosion experiments on OMEGA. Three strategies to mitigate CBET and improve laser coupling are considered: the use of narrow beams, multicolor lasers, and higher-Z ablators. Experiments on OMEGA using narrow beams have demonstrated improvements in implosion performance.

Seka, W; Edgell, D H; Michel, D T; Froula, D H; Goncharov, V N; Craxton, R S; Divol, L; Epstein, R; Follett, R; Kelly, J H; Kosc, T Z; Maximov, A V; McCrory, R L; Meyerhofer, D D; Michel, P; Myatt, J F; Sangster, T C; Shvydky, A; Skupsky, S

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

176

Heel and toe driving on fuel cell vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for providing nearly instantaneous power in a fuel cell vehicle. The method includes monitoring the brake pedal angle and the accelerator pedal angle of the vehicle, and if the vehicle driver is pressing both the brake pedal and the accelerator pedal at the same time and the vehicle is in a drive gear, activating a heel and toe mode. When the heel and toe mode is activated, the speed of a cathode compressor is increased to a predetermined speed set-point, which is higher than the normal compressor speed for the pedal position. Thus, when the vehicle brake is removed, the compressor speed is high enough to provide enough air to the cathode, so that the stack can generate nearly immediate power.

Choi, Tayoung; Chen, Dongmei

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

177

Argonne's GREET Model - Driving Transportation Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving Driving Transportation Solutions Model Argonne's GREET D r i v i n g Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n S o l u t i o n s ARGONNE'S GREET Argonne's GREET model is widely recognized as the "gold standard" for evaluating and comparing the energy and environmental impacts of transportation fuels and advanced vehicles. The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model is a one-of-a-kind analytical tool that simulates the energy use and emissions output of various vehicle and fuel combinations. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the free software program gives researchers the unique ability to analyze technologies over an entire life cycle - from well to wheels and from raw material mining to vehicle disposal.

178

Integrated Inverter For Driving Multiple Electric Machines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric machine drive (50) has a plurality of inverters (50a, 50b) for controlling respective electric machines (57, 62), which may include a three-phase main traction machine (57) and two-phase accessory machines (62) in a hybrid or electric vehicle. The drive (50) has a common control section (53, 54) for controlling the plurality of inverters (50a, 50b) with only one microelectronic processor (54) for controlling the plurality of inverters (50a, 50b), only one gate driver circuit (53) for controlling conduction of semiconductor switches (S1-S10) in the plurality of inverters (50a, 50b), and also includes a common dc bus (70), a common dc bus filtering capacitor (C1) and a common dc bus voltage sensor (67). The electric machines (57, 62) may be synchronous machines, induction machines, or PM machines and may be operated in a motoring mode or a generating mode.

Su, Gui-Jia [Knoxville, TN; Hsu, John S [Oak Ridge, TN

2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

179

Heating and current drive systems for TPX  

SciTech Connect

The heating and current drive (H and CD) system proposed for the TPX tokamak will consist of ion cyclotron, neutral beam, and lower hybrid systems. It will have 17.5 MW of installed H and CD power initially, and can be upgraded to 45 MW. It will be used to explore advanced confinement and fully current-driven plasma regimes with pulse lengths of up to 1,000 s.

Swain, D.; Goranson, P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Halle, A. von; Bernabei, S.; Greenough, N. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.

1994-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

180

NEUTRONIC REACTOR CONTROL ROD DRIVE APPARATUS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

ABS>A suspension mechanism between a vertically movable nuclear reactor control rod and a rod extension, which also provides information for the operator or an automatic control signal, is described. A spring connects the rod extension to a drive shift. The extension of the spring indicates whether (1) the rod is at rest on the reactor, (2) the rod and extension are suspended, or (3) the extension alone is suspended, the spring controlling a 3-position electrical switch.

Oakes, L.C.; Walker, C.S.

1959-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles - Status 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercial availability of advanced battery systems that meet the cost, performance, and durability requirements of electric drive vehicles (EDVs) is a crucial challenge to the growth of markets for these vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are a subset of the family of EDVs, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), power assist hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and fuel cell vehicles. This study evaluates the state of advanced battery technology, presents u...

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

182

GenDrive Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GenDrive Limited GenDrive Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name GenDrive Limited Place Cambridge, United Kingdom Zip CB23 3GY Sector Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Developing a range of grid-connected inverters, 'Plug & Play', for renewable energy (mostly solar and wind) systems. These are intended to improve ease of installation. Coordinates 43.003745°, -89.017499° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.003745,"lon":-89.017499,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

183

Energetic Drives LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energetic Drives LLC Energetic Drives LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Energetic Drives LLC Place Gresham, Oregon Zip 97030 Sector Efficiency, Wind energy Product Oregon-based engineering firm that conducts industrial efficiency improvements, as well as repair and maintenance work for grid-tie inverters and wind turbines ranging from 10kW to 1.2MW. Coordinates 44.84866°, -88.786959° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.84866,"lon":-88.786959,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

184

Quasi-spherical direct drive fusion.  

SciTech Connect

The authors present designs of quasi-spherical direction drive z-pinch loads for machines such as ZR at 28 MA load current with a 150 ns implosion time (QSDDI). A double shell system for ZR has produced a 2D simulated yield of 12 MJ, but the drive for this system on ZR has essentially no margin. A double shell system for a 56 MA driver at 150 ns implosion has produced a simulated yield of 130 MJ with considerable margin in attaining the necessary temperature and density-radius product for ignition. They also represent designs for a magnetically insulated current amplifier, (MICA), that modify the attainable ZR load current to 36 MA with a 28 ns rise time. The faster pulse provided by a MICA makes it possible to drive quasi-spherical single shell implosions (QSDD2). They present results from 1D LASNEX and 2D MACH2 simulations of promising low-adiabat cryogenic QSDD2 capsules and 1D LASNEX results of high-adiabat cryogenic QSDD2 capsules.

VanDevender, J. Pace; Abbott, Lucas M.; Langston, William L.; McDaniel, Dillon Heirman; Nash, Thomas J.; Roderick, Norman Frederick; Silva, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

186

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

187

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

188

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

189

Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed Print Thursday, 14 February 2013 00:00 An international team led by John Tainer...

190

Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future June 7, 2011 - 10:57am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy...

191

Driving Battery Production in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving Battery Production in Ohio Driving Battery Production in Ohio November 1, 2010 - 6:19pm Addthis Randy Turk, Elyria Site Manager; Rep. Betty Sutton (OH); Frank Bozich,...

192

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? July 9, 2009 - 1:34am Addthis In Tuesday's entry, Francis X. Vogel from the Wisconsin Clean Cities...

193

NREL: News Feature - NREL Drives Toward the Future with Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Drives Toward the Future with Fuel Cell EVs June 21, 2013 A hydrogen fuel cell powered Toyota sport utility vehicle emblazoned with an NREL logo drives past a building on the NREL...

194

DIRECT-DRIVE AND EDDY-CURRENT SEPTUM MAGNETS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

laminations and leakage fields are summarized in Appendices A and B, respectively. 2. Direct-Drive Septum For the upper half of the 2-D direct-drive septum magnet in Fig. 1 the...

195

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #420: April 17, 2006 Driving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: April 17, 2006 Driving Less Due to Gasoline Prices to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 420: April 17, 2006 Driving Less Due to Gasoline Prices on...

196

Personalized driving behavior monitoring and analysis for emerging hybrid vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging electric-drive vehicles, such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in HEVs (PHEVs), hold the potential for substantial reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. User driving behavior, which varies from person ...

Kun Li; Man Lu; Fenglong Lu; Qin Lv; Li Shang; Dragan Maksimovic

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Driving Training  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Driving Training to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Driving Training on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center:...

198

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

199

Electricity use by machine drives varies significantly by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. ... Fossil fuels may be used to drive turbines, reciprocating engines, ...

200

Clean Cities 2011 Stakeholders Summit - Electric Drive Vehicles...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program Vehicle Technologies Program - Clean Cities 2011 Stakeholders Summit - Electric Drive Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

DC Drive Ride-Through Technology Alternatives and Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adjustable speed drive (ASD) ride-through issues have caused increased concerns due to drive susceptibility to power disturbances and the costly results of process disruptions. Losses incurred due to DC drive trips can be avoided for critical production processes by employing ride-through alternatives. The purpose of this study is to determine the DC drive ride-through requirements of industrial customers and match those ride-through needs with possible solutions.

1998-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

202

New aggregation programs drive consumer participation in Illinois ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

New aggregation programs drive consumer participation ... Ameren Energy Marketing, Direct Energy ... (buying their electricity from renewable generators) ...

203

PHEV Energy Storage and Drive Cycle Impacts (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in Hybrid vehicles energy storage and drive cycle impacts, presented at the 7th Advanced Automotive Battery Conference.

Markel, T.; Pesaran, A.

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

204

Electrical Motor Drive Apparatus and Method - Energy Innovation Portal  

Vehicles and Fuels Industrial Technologies Electrical ... Auto manufacturers ; Industrial motor drive manufacturers; Patents and Patent Applications. ID Number.

205

CONTROL ROD DRIVE MECHANISM FOR A NUCLEAR REACTOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lead-screw-type control rod drive featuring an electric motor and a fluid motor arranged to provide a selectably alternative driving means is described. The electric motor serves to drive the control rod slowly during normal operation, while the fluid motor, assisted by an automatic declutching of the electric motor, affords high-speed rod insertion during a scram. (AEC)

Hawke, B.C.; Liederbach, F.J.; Lones, W.

1963-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

206

West Virginia Higher Education Graduate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Work Participation And Annualized Wages Of West Virginia Public Higher Education Graduates From This report analyzes the West Virginia industry of employment (and wages) of graduates from state public .................................................................................................1 Results By Industry And Summary Degree

Mohaghegh, Shahab

207

The Effect of Driving Intensity and Incomplete Charging on the Fuel Economy of a Hymotion Prius PHEV  

SciTech Connect

On-road testing was conducted on a Hymotion Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) at the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation in Phoenix, Arizona. The tests were comprised of on-road urban and highway driving during charge-depleting and charge-sustaining operation. Determining real-world effectiveness of PHEVs at reducing petroleum consumption in real world driving was the main focus of the study. Throughout testing, several factors that affect fuel consumption of PHEVs were identified. This report discusses two of these factors: driving intensity (i.e., driving aggressiveness) and battery charging completeness. These two factors are unrelated, yet both significantly impact the vehicle’s fuel economy. Driving intensity was shown to decrease fuel economy by up to half. Charging completeness, which was affected by human factors and ambient temperature conditions, also showed to have great impact on fuel economy for the Hymotion Prius. These tests were performed for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technology Program, is conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation.

Richard Barney Carlson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Oscillatory nonhmic current drive for maintaining a plasma current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method of the invention maintain a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

Fisch, Nathaniel J. (Princeton, NJ)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Oscillatory nonohomic current drive for maintaining a plasma current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and methods are described for maintaining a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

Fisch, N.J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

High efficiency compressor uses direct drive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article focuses on the high efficiency of a compressor which uses only direct drive. This compressor was evaluated by judges and won Top Honors in the 1982 Chemical Processing magazine Vaaler Awards category of compressors, blowers and fans. Applications for the compressor include combustion air, process air and gas booster, incineration, fermentation, and vacuum filtration systems. In addition to a 50% reduction in power comsumption, the use of the compressor eliminated the need for a water seal, thus saving 200 gpm of water. And, since the elimination of the water seal reduced the necessary downtime for seal maintenance, on stream time was increased by 5%.

Not Available

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Hybrid Electric Drive Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Drive Systems Hybrid Electric Drive Systems The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of hybrid electric drive systems in fleets of delivery vehicles and transit buses. Hybrid electric drive systems combine a primary power source, an energy storage system, and an electric motor to achieve a combination of emissions, fuel economy, and range benefits unattainable with any of these technologies alone. Hybrid electric drive systems use less petroleum-based fuel and capture energy created during breaking and idling. This collected energy is used to propel the vehicle during normal drive cycles. The batteries supply additional power for acceleration and hill climbing. Learn more about the team's hybrid electric drive system evaluations: Delivery Vehicles

212

Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Hybrid and for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines

213

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Upgrade Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on

214

Higher Yields Can Be Achieved  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: While the current forecast is showing higher distillate production than last year, there is room for yet more volume through refiners switching to higher yields than those being forecast. This will only happen if economic incentives evolve to encourage this change. Current high spreads indicate those incentives may occur. This graph shows the distillate yield pattern over the last few years. Generally yields rise in the fall to build stocks for winter distillate use. On average, the yield increase during the fourth quarter is about 2% higher than the yield average of the lowest yield months of June, July and August. (Recognize that a 1% change in yield is about a 150 MB/D change in distillate production, which is about 4% of winter demand.) During the fall of 1996, the winter season began with very low

215

Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management - Combining Fluid Loops in Electric Drive Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles have increased vehicle thermal management complexity, using separate coolant loop for advanced power electronics and electric motors. Additional thermal components result in higher costs. Multiple cooling loops lead to reduced range due to increased weight. Energy is required to meet thermal requirements. This presentation for the 2013 Annual Merit Review discusses integrated vehicle thermal management by combining fluid loops in electric drive vehicles.

Rugh, J. P.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Complex higher order derivative theories  

SciTech Connect

In this work is considered a complex scalar field theory with higher order derivative terms and interactions. A procedure is developed to quantize consistently this system avoiding the presence of negative norm states. In order to achieve this goal the original real scalar high order field theory is extended to a complex space attaching a complex total derivative to the theory. Next, by imposing reality conditions the complex theory is mapped to a pair of interacting real scalar field theories without the presence of higher derivative terms.

Margalli, Carlos A.; Vergara, J. David [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico 04510 DF (Mexico)

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

217

Beam loading compensation of traveling wave linacs through the time dependence of the rf drive  

SciTech Connect

Beam loading in traveling-wave linear accelerating structures leads to unacceptable spread of particle energies across an extended train of bunched particles due to beam-induced field and dispersion. Methods for modulating the rf power driving linacs are effective at reducing energy spread, but for general linacs do not have a clear analytic foundation. We report here methods for calculating how to modulate the rf drive in arbitrarily nonuniform traveling-wave linacs within the convective-transport (power-diffusion) model that results in no additional energy spread due to beam loading (but not dispersion). Varying group velocity, loss factor, and cell quality factor within a structure, and nonzero particle velocity, are handled.

Towne N.; Rose J.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

218

Higher Curvature Brane Corrections to the DGP Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati (DGP) model corrected by higher curvature brane terms. We show that these corrections have a dramatic impact on the spectrum of the model at the linearized level. Owing to the presence of higher derivatives in the field equations very massive ghost excitations with mass of order of Planck mass are generated in the ordinary branch of the model. These excitations describe an instability of Minkowski vacuum with time-scale of order of the Hubble time. At large distances these tachyonic excitations are expected to decouple from brane-localized matter. Our modified DGP model represents therefore a very promising framework for solving of the cosmological constant problem, in which Planck-scale physics is responsible for the elementary excitations driving the accelerated expansion of the universe, but the time-scale of the instability is settled by gravitational physics at large scales.

Mariano Cadoni; Paolo Pani

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

219

Casimir energy and the possibility of higher dimensional manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well known that the Casimir effect is an excellent candidate for the stabilization of the extra dimensions. It has also been suggested that the Casimir effect in higher dimensions may be the underlying phenomenon that is responsible for the dark energy which is currently driving the accelerated expansion of the universe. In this paper we suggest that, in principle, it may be possible to directly manipulate the size of an extra dimension locally using Standard Model fields in the next generation of particle accelerators. This adjustment of the size of the higher dimension could serve as a technological mechanism to locally adjust the dark energy density and change the local expansion of spacetime. This idea holds tantalizing possibilities in the context of exotic spacecraft propulsion.

R. K. Obousy; A. A. Saharian

2009-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

220

Driving Membrane Curvature | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unlocking the Nanoscale Secrets of Bird-Feather Colors Unlocking the Nanoscale Secrets of Bird-Feather Colors An Unlikely Route to Ferroelectricity How to Make a Splash Pressure-Tuning the Quantum Phase Transition in a Model 2-D Magnet Reappearing Superconductivity Surprises Scientists Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Driving Membrane Curvature JUNE 14, 2012 Bookmark and Share Model of conformational change in the HIV gp41 fusion protein induced by cholesterol composition of lipid monolayers. In biological systems, membranes are as important as water. They form the barrier between the inner world, within our cells, where we perform the chemical reactions of life, and the outside environment.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Direct Drive Systems DDS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Systems DDS Systems DDS Jump to: navigation, search Name Direct Drive Systems (DDS) Place Cerritos, California Zip CA 90703 Product Manufactures high speed, permanent magnet (PM), high-power motors, generators and power electronics. Coordinates 33.868545°, -118.063704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.868545,"lon":-118.063704,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

222

Kinetics driving high-density chlorine plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple fluid model was developed in order to investigate the driving kinetics of neutral and charged species in high-density chlorine plasmas. It was found that the dissociation degree of Cl{sub 2} molecules is directly linked to the power balance of the discharge which controls the electron density. The model was also used to identify those reactions that could be neglected in the particle balance of charged species and those that must be included. Our results further indicate that diffusion losses need to be considered up to a pressure that depends on magnetic-field intensity and reactor aspect ratio. Finally, it is shown that the dominant charged carriers are linked to the dissociation level of Cl{sub 2} molecules.

Stafford, L.; Margot, J.; Vidal, F.; Chaker, M.; Giroux, K.; Poirier, J.-S.; Quintal-Leonard, A.; Saussac, J. [Department de physique, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); INRS-Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, Varennes, Quebec (Canada); Department de physique, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Chatterjee et. al. Page 1 of 13 An auxiliary capacitor based ultra-fast drive circuit for shear  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

frequently require large voltage changes on very short time scales. Since piezos behave electrically stage, and auxiliary capacitor. This circuit can drive piezoelectric motors at higher speeds and lower of nanoscale precision over millimeter ranges of motion, have come into common usage. Although a number

Hudson, Eric

224

DRIVE(tm) Mobile App | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DRIVE(tm) Mobile App DRIVE(tm) Mobile App Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: DRIVE(tm) Mobile App Agency/Company /Organization: Apps for Energy Challenge Participant Sector: Energy Resource Type: Application prototype User Interface: Website, Mobile Device Website: ikehu.cloudapp.net/Drive OpenEI Keyword(s): Challenge Generated, Green Button Apps Language: English References: Apps for Energy[1] The DRIVE(tm) System is a patent-pending solution that provides incentives to residential customers to reduce power consumption during peak and critical peak times. It rewards desired consumer behavior with points or airline miles. The DRIVE(tm) System is a patent-pending solution that provides incentives to residential customers to reduce power consumption during peak and

225

Traction drive automatic transmission for gas turbine engine driveline  

SciTech Connect

A transaxle driveline for a wheeled vehicle has a high speed turbine engine and a torque splitting gearset that includes a traction drive unit and a torque converter on a common axis transversely arranged with respect to the longitudinal centerline of the vehicle. The drive wheels of the vehicle are mounted on a shaft parallel to the turbine shaft and carry a final drive gearset for driving the axle shafts. A second embodiment of the final drive gearing produces an overdrive ratio between the output of the first gearset and the axle shafts. A continuously variable range of speed ratios is produced by varying the position of the drive rollers of the traction unit. After starting the vehicle from rest, the transmission is set for operation in the high speed range by engaging a first lockup clutch that joins the torque converter impeller to the turbine for operation as a hydraulic coupling.

Carriere, Donald L. (Livonia, MI)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

RE-IMAGINING CALIFORNIA HIGHER EDUCATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Re-Imagining California Higher Education * October 2010 Johnfamed Master Plan for Higher Education, arguably the singlethe future of a system of higher education in the annals of

John Aubrey Douglass

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Essays on the Economics of Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 Does Higher Education Cause Political Participation? 3.1on enrolling into higher education and college. Using 2measures of higher education on the instrument . . . . . .

SOLIS VIVALLOS, ALEX

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Class, Race, and Higher Education in America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

many more questions for higher education, but at the leastthey overcome. But higher education in America has already1989), Review of Higher Education Policy In California,

Trow, Martin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

WHAT FUTURE FOR UK HIGHER EDUCATION?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009) “Students ask if higher education is really worth itrising social costs of higher education are not matched bystandards? ” Times Higher Education 17 July. Alderman, G.

Roger Brown

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Position and force control of a vehicle with two or more steerable drive wheels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

When a vehicle with two or more steerable drive wheels is traveling in a circle, the motion of the wheels is constrained. The wheel translational velocity divided by the radius to the center of rotation must be the same for all wheels. When the drive wheels are controlled independently using position control, the motion of the wheels may violate the constraints and the wheels may slip. Consequently, substantial errors can occur in the orientation of the vehicle. A vehicle with N drive wheels has (N - 1) constraints and one degree of freedom. We have developed a new approach to the control of a vehicle with N steerable drive wheels. The novel aspect of our approach is the use of force control. To control the vehicle, we have one degree of freedom for the position on the circle and (N - 1) forces that can be used to reduce errors. Recently, Kankaanranta and Koivo developed a control architecture that allows the force and position degrees of freedom to be decoupled. In the work of Kankaanranta and Koivo the force is an exogenous input. We have made the force endogenous by defining the force in terms of the errors in satisfying the rigid body kinematic constraints. We have applied the control architecture to the HERMIES-III robot and have measured a dramatic reduction in error (more than a factor of 20) compared to motions without force control.

Reister, D.B.; Unseren, M.A.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Wind turbine ring/shroud drive system - Energy Innovation Portal  

A wind turbine capable of driving multiple electric generators having a ring or shroud structure for reducing blade root bending moments, hub loads, blade fastener ...

232

Combined Electric Machine and Current Source Inverter Drive System  

This integration of these two ORNL ... elimination of several components reduces drive system cost, weight, and volume. ... Energy and Transportation Science Division

233

Electrical motor/generator drive apparatus and method - Energy ...  

The present disclosure includes electrical motor/generator drive systems and methods that significantly reduce inverter direct-current (DC) bus ripple currents and ...

234

Combined Electric Machine and Current Source Inverter Drive System ...  

Wind power generators ; Industrial power generators; More Information John S. Hsu. Combined Electric Machine and Current Source Invertor Drive System, U.S ...

235

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission ...  

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode ...

236

Combination spindle-drive system for high precision machining  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combination spindle-drive is provided for fabrication of optical quality surface finishes. Both the spindle-and-drive utilize the spindle bearings for support, thereby removing the conventional drive-means bearings as a source of vibration. An airbearing spindle is modified to carry at the drive end a highly conductive cup-shaped rotor which is aligned with a stationary stator to produce torque in the cup-shaped rotor through the reaction of eddy currents induced in the rotor. This arrangement eliminates magnetic attraction forces and all force is in the form of torque on the cup-shaped rotor.

Gerth, Howard L. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

237

Battery Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging Behavior Observed...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging Behavior Observed Early in The EV Project The EV Project John Smart, Idaho National Laboratory Stephen Schey, ECOtality North America...

238

EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here Home EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric...

239

Design of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries for Long Life and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kandler Smith, NREL EDV Battery Robust Design - 1 Design of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries for Long Life and Low Cost Robustness to Geographic and Consumer-Usage Variation...

240

EA-1722: Toxco, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home EA-1722: Toxco, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative, Lancaster, OH EA-1722: Toxco, Inc. Electric...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Electrical motor/generator drive apparatus and method  

SciTech Connect

The present disclosure includes electrical motor/generator drive systems and methods that significantly reduce inverter direct-current (DC) bus ripple currents and thus the volume and cost of a capacitor. The drive methodology is based on a segmented drive system that does not add switches or passive components but involves reconfiguring inverter switches and motor stator winding connections in a way that allows the formation of multiple, independent drive units and the use of simple alternated switching and optimized Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) schemes to eliminate or significantly reduce the capacitor ripple current.

Su, Gui Jia

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

242

Direct drive field actuator motors - Energy Innovation Portal  

A positive-drive field actuator motor including a stator carrying at least one field actuator which changes in dimension responsive to application of an energy field ...

243

Gasoline product supplied may reflect snowstorm effects on driving ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... driving that does not take place due to poor road conditions is ... which may have contributed to the large weekly gasoline stock builds seen in January ...

244

ELECTRICAL MOTOR/GENERATOR DRIVE APPARATUS AND METHOD - Energy ...  

The present disclosure includes electrical motor/generator drive systems and methods that significantly reduce inverter direct-current (DC) bus ripple ...

245

CAST STONE FORMULATION AT HIGHER SODIUM CONCENTRATIONS  

SciTech Connect

A low temperature waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide supplemental Low Activity Waste (LAW) immobilization capacity for the Hanford site. Formulation of Cast Stone at high sodium concentrations is of interest since a significant reduction in the necessary volume of Cast Stone and subsequent disposal costs could be achieved if an acceptable waste form can be produced with a high sodium molarity salt solution combined with a high water to premix (or dry blend) ratio. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the factors involved with increasing the sodium concentration in Cast Stone, including production and performance properties and the retention and release of specific components of interest. Three factors were identified for the experimental matrix: the concentration of sodium in the simulated salt solution, the water to premix ratio, and the blast furnace slag portion of the premix. The salt solution simulants used in this study were formulated to represent the overall average waste composition. The cement, blast furnace slag, and fly ash were sourced from a supplier in the Hanford area in order to be representative. The test mixes were prepared in the laboratory and fresh properties were measured. Fresh density increased with increasing sodium molarity and with decreasing water to premix ratio, as expected given the individual densities of these components. Rheology measurements showed that all of the test mixes produced very fluid slurries. The fresh density and rheology data are of potential value in designing a future Cast Stone production facility. Standing water and density gradient testing showed that settling is not of particular concern for the high sodium compositions studied. Heat of hydration measurements may provide some insight into the reactions that occur within the test mixes, which may in turn be related to the properties and performance of the waste form. These measurements showed that increased sodium concentration in the salt solution reduced the time to peak heat flow, and reducing the amount of slag in the premix increased the time to peak heat flow. These observations may help to describe some of the cured properties of the samples, in particular the differences in compressive strength observed after 28 and 90 days of curing. Samples were cured for at least 28 days at ambient temperature in the laboratory prior to cured properties analyses. The low activity waste form for disposal at the Hanford Site is required to have a compressive strength of at least 500 psi. After 28 days of curing, several of the test mixes had mean compressive strengths that were below the 500 psi requirement. Higher sodium concentrations and higher water to premix ratios led to reduced compressive strength. Higher fly ash concentrations decreased the compressive strength after 28 days of curing. This may be explained in that the cementitious phases matured more quickly in the mixes with higher concentrations of slag, as evidenced by the data for the time to peak heat generation. All of the test mixes exhibited higher mean compressive strengths after 90 days of curing, with only one composition having a mean compressive strength of less than 500 psi. Leach indices were determined for the test mixes for contaminants of interest. The leaching performance of the mixes evaluated in this study was not particularly sensitive to the factors used in the experimental design. This may be beneficial in demonstrating that the performance of the waste form is robust with respect to changes in the mix composition. The results of this study demonstrate the potential to achieve significantly higher waste loadings in Cast Stone and other low temperature, cementitious waste forms. Additional work is needed to elucidate the hydration mechanisms occurring in Cast Stone formulated with highly concentrated salt solutions since these reactions are responsible for determining the performance of the cured waste form. The thermal analyses completed in this study provide some preliminary insight, although the limited

Fox, K.; Edwards, T.; Roberts, K.

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

246

CAST STONE FORMULATION AT HIGHER SODIUM CONCENTRATIONS  

SciTech Connect

A low temperature waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide supplemental Low Activity Waste (LAW) immobilization capacity for the Hanford site. Formulation of Cast Stone at high sodium concentrations is of interest since a significant reduction in the necessary volume of Cast Stone and subsequent disposal costs could be achieved if an acceptable waste form can be produced with a high sodium molarity salt solution combined with a high water to premix (or dry blend) ratio. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the factors involved with increasing the sodium concentration in Cast Stone, including production and performance properties and the retention and release of specific components of interest. Three factors were identified for the experimental matrix: the concentration of sodium in the simulated salt solution, the water to premix ratio, and the blast furnace slag portion of the premix. The salt solution simulants used in this study were formulated to represent the overall average waste composition. The cement, blast furnace slag, and fly ash were sourced from a supplier in the Hanford area in order to be representative. The test mixes were prepared in the laboratory and fresh properties were measured. Fresh density increased with increasing sodium molarity and with decreasing water to premix ratio, as expected given the individual densities of these components. Rheology measurements showed that all of the test mixes produced very fluid slurries. The fresh density and rheology data are of potential value in designing a future Cast Stone production facility. Standing water and density gradient testing showed that settling is not of particular concern for the high sodium compositions studied. Heat of hydration measurements may provide some insight into the reactions that occur within the test mixes, which may in turn be related to the properties and performance of the waste form. These measurements showed that increased sodium concentration in the salt solution reduced the time to peak heat flow, and reducing the amount of slag in the premix increased the time to peak heat flow. These observations may help to describe some of the cured properties of the samples, in particular the differences in compressive strength observed after 28 and 90 days of curing. Samples were cured for at least 28 days at ambient temperature in the laboratory prior to cured properties analyses. The low activity waste form for disposal at the Hanford Site is required to have a compressive strength of at least 500 psi. After 28 days of curing, several of the test mixes had mean compressive strengths that were below the 500 psi requirement. Higher sodium concentrations and higher water to premix ratios led to reduced compressive strength. Higher fly ash concentrations decreased the compressive strength after 28 days of curing. This may be explained in that the cementitious phases matured more quickly in the mixes with higher concentrations of slag, as evidenced by the data for the time to peak heat generation. All of the test mixes exhibited higher mean compressive strengths after 90 days of curing, with only one composition having a mean compressive strength of less than 500 psi. Leach indices were determined for the test mixes for contaminants of interest. The leaching performance of the mixes evaluated in this study was not particularly sensitive to the factors used in the experimental design. This may be beneficial in demonstrating that the performance of the waste form is robust with respect to changes in the mix composition. The results of this study demonstrate the potential to achieve significantly higher waste loadings in Cast Stone and other low temperature, cementitious waste forms. Additional work is needed to elucidate the hydration mechanisms occurring in Cast Stone formulated with highly concentrated salt solutions since these reactions are responsible for determining the performance of the cured waste form. The thermal analyses completed in this study provide some preliminary insight, although the limited

Fox, K.; Roberts, K.; Edwards, T.

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

247

Analysis of national pay-as-you-drive insurance systems and other variable driving charges  

SciTech Connect

Under Pay as You Drive insurance (PAYD), drivers would pay part of their automobile insurance premium as a per-gallon surcharge every time they filled their gas tank. By transfering a portion of the cost of owning a vehicle from a fixed cost to a variable cost, PAYD would discourage driving. PAYD has been proposed recently in California as a means of reforming how auto insurance is provided. PAYD proponents claim that, by forcing drivers to purchase at least part of their insurance every time they refuel their car, PAYD would reduce or eliminate the need for uninsured motorist coverage. Some versions of PAYD proposed in California have been combined with a no-fault insurance system, with the intention of further reducing premiums for the average driver. Other states have proposed PAYD systems that would base insurance premiums on annual miles driven. In this report we discuss some of the qualitative issues surrounding adoption of PAYD and other policies that would convert other fixed costs of driving (vehicle registration, safety/emission control system inspection, and driver license renewal) to variable costs. We examine the effects of these policies on two sets of objectives: objectives related to auto insurance reform, and those related to reducing fuel consumption, CO{sub 2} emissions, and vehicle miles traveled. We pay particular attention to the first objective, insurance reform, since this has generated the most interest in PAYD to date, at least at the state level.

Wenzel, T.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Driving Demand for Home Energy Improvements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving Demand for Home Energy Improvements Driving Demand for Home Energy Improvements Title Driving Demand for Home Energy Improvements Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2010 Authors Fuller, Merrian C., Cathy Kunkel, Mark Zimring, Ian M. Hoffman, Katie L. Soroye, and Charles A. Goldman Tertiary Authors Borgeson, Merrian Pagination 136 Date Published 09/2010 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Policy makers and program designers in the U.S. and abroad are deeply concerned with the question of how to scale up energy efficiency to a level that is commensurate both to the energy and climate challenges we face, and to the potential for energy savings that has been touted for decades. When policy makers ask what energy efficiency can do, the answers usually revolve around the technical and economic potential of energy efficiency-they rarely hone in on the element of energy demand that matters most for changing energy usage in existing homes: the consumer. A growing literature is concerned with the behavioral underpinnings of energy consumption. We examine a narrower, related subject: How can millions of Americans be persuaded to divert valued time and resources into upgrading their homes to eliminate energy waste, avoid high utility bills, and spur the economy? With hundreds of millions of public dollars1 flowing into incentives, workforce training, and other initiatives to support comprehensive home energy improvements2, it makes sense to review the history of these programs and begin gleaning best practices for encouraging comprehensive home energy improvements. Looking across 30 years of energy efficiency programs that targeted the residential market, many of the same issues that confronted past program administrators are relevant today: How do we cost-effectively motivate customers to take action? Who can we partner with to increase program participation? How do we get residential efficiency programs to scale? While there is no proven formula-and only limited success to date with reliably motivating large numbers of Americans to invest in comprehensive home energy improvements, especially if they are being asked to pay for a majority of the improvement costs-there is a rich and varied history of experiences that new programs can draw upon. Our primary audiences are policy makers and program designers-especially those that are relatively new to the field, such as the over 2,000 towns, cities, states, and regions who are recipients of American Reinvestment and Recovery Act funds for clean energy programs. This report synthesizes lessons from first generation programs, highlights emerging best practices, and suggests methods and approaches to use in designing, implementing, and evaluating these programs. We examined 14 residential energy efficiency programs, conducted an extensive literature review, interviewed industry experts, and surveyed residential contractors to draw out these lessons.

249

Conceptual Design - Polar Drive Ignition Campaign  

SciTech Connect

The Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester is proposing a collaborative effort with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratories (LANL), the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), and General Atomics (GA) with the goal of developing a cryogenic polar drive (PD) ignition platform on the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The scope of this proposed project requires close discourse among theorists, experimentalists, and laser and system engineers. This document describes how this proposed project can be broken into a series of parallel independent activities that, if implemented, could deliver this goal in the 2017 timeframe. This Conceptual Design document is arranged into two sections: mission need and design requirements. Design requirements are divided into four subsystems: (1) A point design that details the necessary target specifications and laser pulse requirements; (2) The beam smoothing subsystem that describes the MultiFM 1D smoothing by spectral dispersion (SSD); (3) New optical elements that include continuous phase plates (CPP's) and distributed polarization rotators (DPR's); and (4) The cryogenic target handling and insertion subsystem, which includes the design, fabrication, testing, and deployment of a dedicated PD ignition target insertion cryostat (PD-ITIC). This document includes appendices covering: the primary criteria and functional requirements, the system design requirements, the work breakdown structure, the target point design, the experimental implementation plan, the theoretical unknowns and technical implementation risks, the estimated cost and schedule, the development plan for the DPR's, the development plan for MultiFM 1D SSD, and a list of acronym definitions. While work on the facility modifications required for PD ignition has been in progress for some time, some of the technical details required to define the specific modifications for a Conceptual Design Review (CDR) remain to be defined. In all cases, the facility modifications represent functional changes to existing systems or capabilities. The bulk of the scope yet to be identified is associated with the DPR's and MultiFM beam smoothing. Detailed development plans for these two subsystems are provided in Appendices H and I; additional discussion of subsystem requirements based on the physics of PD ignition is given in Section 3. Accordingly, LLE will work closely with LLNL to develop detailed conceptual designs for the PD-specific facility modifications, including assessments of the operational impact of implementation (e.g., changing optics for direct rather than indirect-drive illumination and swapping from a hohlraum-based ITIC to one that supports PD). Furthermore, the experimental implementation plan represents the current best understanding of the experimental campaigns required to achieve PD ignition. This plan will evolve based on the lessons learned from the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) and ongoing indirect-drive ignition experiments. The plan does not take the operational realities of the PD configuration into account; configuration planning for the proposed PD experiments is beyond the scope of this document.

Hansen, R

2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

250

Conceptual Design - Polar Drive Ignition Campaign  

SciTech Connect

The Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester is proposing a collaborative effort with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratories (LANL), the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), and General Atomics (GA) with the goal of developing a cryogenic polar drive (PD) ignition platform on the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The scope of this proposed project requires close discourse among theorists, experimentalists, and laser and system engineers. This document describes how this proposed project can be broken into a series of parallel independent activities that, if implemented, could deliver this goal in the 2017 timeframe. This Conceptual Design document is arranged into two sections: mission need and design requirements. Design requirements are divided into four subsystems: (1) A point design that details the necessary target specifications and laser pulse requirements; (2) The beam smoothing subsystem that describes the MultiFM 1D smoothing by spectral dispersion (SSD); (3) New optical elements that include continuous phase plates (CPP's) and distributed polarization rotators (DPR's); and (4) The cryogenic target handling and insertion subsystem, which includes the design, fabrication, testing, and deployment of a dedicated PD ignition target insertion cryostat (PD-ITIC). This document includes appendices covering: the primary criteria and functional requirements, the system design requirements, the work breakdown structure, the target point design, the experimental implementation plan, the theoretical unknowns and technical implementation risks, the estimated cost and schedule, the development plan for the DPR's, the development plan for MultiFM 1D SSD, and a list of acronym definitions. While work on the facility modifications required for PD ignition has been in progress for some time, some of the technical details required to define the specific modifications for a Conceptual Design Review (CDR) remain to be defined. In all cases, the facility modifications represent functional changes to existing systems or capabilities. The bulk of the scope yet to be identified is associated with the DPR's and MultiFM beam smoothing. Detailed development plans for these two subsystems are provided in Appendices H and I; additional discussion of subsystem requirements based on the physics of PD ignition is given in Section 3. Accordingly, LLE will work closely with LLNL to develop detailed conceptual designs for the PD-specific facility modifications, including assessments of the operational impact of implementation (e.g., changing optics for direct rather than indirect-drive illumination and swapping from a hohlraum-based ITIC to one that supports PD). Furthermore, the experimental implementation plan represents the current best understanding of the experimental campaigns required to achieve PD ignition. This plan will evolve based on the lessons learned from the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) and ongoing indirect-drive ignition experiments. The plan does not take the operational realities of the PD configuration into account; configuration planning for the proposed PD experiments is beyond the scope of this document.

Hansen, R

2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

251

Hybrid-drive implosion system for ICF targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hybrid-drive implosion systems (20,40) for ICF targets (10,22,42) are described which permit a significant increase in target gain at fixed total driver energy. The ICF target is compressed in two phases, an initial compression phase and a final peak power phase, with each phase driven by a separate, optimized driver. The targets comprise a hollow spherical ablator (12) surroundingly disposed around fusion fuel (14). The ablator is first compressed to higher density by a laser system (24), or by an ion beam system (44), that in each case is optimized for this initial phase of compression of the target. Then, following compression of the ablator, energy is directly delivered into the compressed ablator by an ion beam driver system (30,48) that is optimized for this second phase of operation of the target. The fusion fuel (14) is driven, at high gain, to conditions wherein fusion reactions occur. This phase separation allows hydrodynamic efficiency and energy deposition uniformity to be individually optimized, thereby securing significant advantages in energy gain. In additional embodiments, the same or separate drivers supply energy for ICF target implosion.

Mark, James W. (Danville, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Spectral effects on fast wave core heating and current drive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent results obtained with high harmonic fast wave (HHFW) heating and current drive (CD) on NSTX strongly support the hypothesis that the onset of perpendicular fast wave propagation right at or very near the launcher is a primary cause for a reduction in core heating efficiency at long wavelengths that is also observed in ICRF heating experiments in numerous tokamaks. A dramatic increase in core heating efficiency was first achieved in NSTX L-mode helium majority plasmas when the onset for perpendicular wave propagation was moved away from the antenna and nearby vessel structures. Efficient core heating in deuterium majority L-mode and H-mode discharges, in which the edge density is typically higher than in comparable helium majority plasmas, was then accomplished by reducing the edge density in front of the launcher with lithium conditioning and avoiding operational points prone to instabilities. These results indicate that careful tailoring of the edge density profiles in ITER should be considered to limit radio frequency (rf) power losses to the antenna and plasma facing materials. Finally, in plasmas with reduced rf power losses in the edge regions, the first direct measurements of HHFW CD were obtained with the motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostic. The location and radial dependence of HHFW CD measured by MSE are in reasonable agreement with predictions from both full wave and ray tracing simulations.

Phillips, Cynthia [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Bell, R. E. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Berry, Lee [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Jaeger, Erwin Frederick [ORNL; Ryan, Philip Michael [ORNL; Wilgen, John B [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Hybrid-drive implosion system for ICF targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hybrid-drive implosion systems for ICF targets are described which permit a significant increase in target gain at fixed total driver energy. The ICF target is compressed in two phases, an initial compression phase and a final peak power phase, with each phase driven by a separate, optimized driver. The targets comprise a hollow spherical ablator surroundingly disposed around fusion fuel. The ablator is first compressed to higher density by a laser system, or by an ion beam system, that in each case is optimized for this initial phase of compression of the target. Then, following compression of the ablator, energy is directly delivered into the compressed ablator by an ion beam driver system that is optimized for this second phase of operation of the target. The fusion fuel is driven, at high gain, to conditions wherein fusion reactions occur. This phase separation allows hydrodynamic efficiency and energy deposition uniformity to be individually optimized, thereby securing significant advantages in energy gain. In additional embodiments, the same or separate drivers supply energy for ICF target implosion. 3 figs.

Mark, J.W.K.

1987-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

254

Advanced Gate Drive for the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator  

SciTech Connect

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is developing a next generation H-bridge switch plate [1], a critical component of the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator [2]. As part of that effort, a new IGBT gate driver has been developed. The drivers are an integral part of the switch plate, which are essential to ensuring fault-tolerant, high-performance operation of the modulator. The redesigned driver improves upon the existing gate drive in several ways. The new gate driver has improved fault detection and suppression capabilities; suppression of shoot-through and over-voltage conditions, monitoring of dI/dt and Vce(sat) for fast over-current detection and suppression, and redundant power isolation are some of the added features. In addition, triggering insertion delay is reduced by a factor of four compared to the existing driver. This paper details the design and performance of the new IGBT gate driver. A simplified schematic and description of the construction are included. The operation of the fast over-current detection circuits, active IGBT over-voltage protection circuit, shoot-through prevention circuitry, and control power isolation breakdown detection circuit are discussed.

Nguyen, M.N.; Burkhart, C.; Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC; Anderson, D.E.; /Oak Ridge

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

255

Base drive and overlap protection circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inverter (34) which provides power to an A. C. machine (28) is controlled by a circuit (36) employing PWM control strategy whereby A. C. power is supplied to the machine at a preselectable frequency and preselectable voltage. This is accomplished by the technique of waveform notching in which the shapes of the notches are varied to determine the average energy content of the overall waveform. Through this arrangement, the operational efficiency of the A. C. machine is optimized. The control circuit includes a microcomputer and memory element which receive various parametric inputs and calculate optimized machine control data signals therefrom. The control data is asynchronously loaded into the inverter through an intermediate buffer (38). A base drive and overlap protection circuit is included to insure that both transistors of a complimentary pair are not conducting at the same time. In its preferred embodiment, the present invention is incorporated within an electric vehicle (10) employing a 144 VDC battery pack (32) and a three-phase induction motor (18).

Gritter, David J. (Southfield, MI)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Working on new gas turbine cycle for heat pump drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Working on new gas turbine cycle for heat pump drive FILE COPY TAP By Irwin Stambler, Field Editor DO NOT 16 0 REMOVE 16 Small recuperated gas turbine engine, design rated at 13 hp and 27% efficiency of the cycle- as a heat pump drive for commercial installations. Company is testing prototype gas turbine

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

257

Minimizing Change Aversion for the Google Drive Launch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimizing Change Aversion for the Google Drive Launch Abstract Change aversion is a natural of the Google Docs List to Google Drive, a product for file storage in the cloud. We describe actions­May 2, 2013, Paris, France. ACM 978-1-4503-1952-2/13/04. Aaron Sedley Google, Inc. 1600 Amphitheatre

Cortes, Corinna

258

Electromechanical coupling model for cutterhead driving system of shield machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The synchronization of the cutterhead driving system of shield machines is affected by not only the nonlinearity of mechanical transmission mechanism and the characteristics of driving motors, but also their interaction. In this paper, dynamics of the ... Keywords: cutterhead, electromechanical coupling, synchronization

Jianzhong Sun; Ran Liu; Yaqin Luo; Wei Sun

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Computer Hard Drive Geolocation by HTTP Feature Extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

files of a set of computers acquired in China, part of a larger research data set of real user data [10Computer Hard Drive Geolocation by HTTP Feature Extraction Technical Report UCSC-SSRC-12-04 May://www.ssrc.ucsc.edu/ #12;Computer Hard Drive Geolocation by HTTP Feature Extraction Ziqian Wan Sichuan University Alex J

Miller, Ethan L.

260

Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions Agency/Company /Organization: Johnson Controls Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.institutebe.com/ Cost: Free Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions Screenshot References: Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions[1] "The aim of this paper is to review policy options available for policymakers in developing countries that can accelerate energy efficiency improvements in the built environment and track results over time. It

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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261

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need November 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Volunteers from West Valley Demonstration Project gather before distributing items collected in an annual food drive. Volunteers from West Valley Demonstration Project gather before distributing items collected in an annual food drive. Volunteer John Schelble helps unload a delivery truck at a food pantry. Volunteer John Schelble helps unload a delivery truck at a food pantry. John Rizzo passes canned food to John Rendall to deliver to a food pantry. John Rizzo passes canned food to John Rendall to deliver to a food pantry.

262

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems NREL's Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of hydraulic hybrid drive systems in delivery vehicles. Because hydraulic hybrids feature highly efficient regenerative braking systems and "engine off at idle" capabilities, they are ideal for parcel delivery applications where stop-and-go traffic is common. Hydraulic hybrid systems can capture up to 70% of the kinetic energy that would otherwise be lost during braking. This energy drives a pump, which transfers hydraulic fluid from a low-pressure reservoir to a high-pressure accumulator. When the vehicle accelerates, fluid in the high-pressure accumulator moves to the lower-pressure reservoir, which drives a motor and provides extra torque. This process can improve the vehicle's fuel economy

263

Test Drive: Honda FCX Clarity | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Test Drive: Honda FCX Clarity Test Drive: Honda FCX Clarity Test Drive: Honda FCX Clarity May 14, 2010 - 10:52am Addthis A member of the Energy Empowers team takes the Honda FCX Clarity for a drive outside the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. | Photo by Sunita Satyapal A member of the Energy Empowers team takes the Honda FCX Clarity for a drive outside the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. | Photo by Sunita Satyapal Paul Lester Communications Specialist for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Stepping into the driver's seat of the hydrogen powered Honda FCX Clarity is like stepping into the future. A glowing blue 3-D dashboard displays hydrogen and battery levels and a power button fires up fuel cells that provide electricity. An advanced braking system warns the driver about

264

Test Drive: Honda FCX Clarity | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Test Drive: Honda FCX Clarity Test Drive: Honda FCX Clarity Test Drive: Honda FCX Clarity May 14, 2010 - 10:52am Addthis A member of the Energy Empowers team takes the Honda FCX Clarity for a drive outside the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. | Photo by Sunita Satyapal A member of the Energy Empowers team takes the Honda FCX Clarity for a drive outside the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. | Photo by Sunita Satyapal Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Stepping into the driver's seat of the hydrogen powered Honda FCX Clarity is like stepping into the future. A glowing blue 3-D dashboard displays hydrogen and battery levels and a power button fires up fuel cells that provide electricity. An advanced braking system warns the driver about

265

Gift tag drive benefits local children and seniors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gift Tag Drive Gift Tag Drive Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Gift tag drive benefits local children and seniors Each year, Lab employees and contractors work to make the holidays brighter for local children and seniors through its Holiday Gift Tag drive. January 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email Individuals identified through regional nonprofit social-welfare organizations indicate what presents might make their holidays happier, and that information is transcribed onto gift tags. Each year, Lab employees and contractors work to make the holidays brighter for local children and seniors through its Holiday Gift Tag drive.

266

The role of heating and current drive in ITER  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses and summarize the role of heating and non-inductive current drive in ITER as: (1) ITER must have heating power sufficient for ignition. (2) The heating system must be capable of current drive. (3) Steady-state operation is an ``ultimate goal.`` It is recognized that additional heating and current drive power (beyond what is initially installed on ITER) may be required. (4) The ``Ultimate goal of steady-state operation`` means steady-state with Q{sub CD} {ge} 5. Unlike the ``Terms of Reference`` for the ITER CDA, the ``ITER Technical Objectives and Approaches`` for the EDA sets no goal for the neutron wall load during steady-state operation. (5) In addition to bulk current drive, the ITER heating and current drive system should be used for current profile control and for burn control.

Nevins, W.M.; Haney, S.

1993-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

267

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? July 9, 2009 - 1:34am Addthis In Tuesday's entry, Francis X. Vogel from the Wisconsin Clean Cities coalition told us about his plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). He's one of the lucky few in the United States to drive one of these vehicles because factory-made PHEV's are not yet available to the public. Regular hybrid electric vehicles, however, are widely available and seem to be more and more common on the roads. Do you drive a hybrid electric vehicle? Please share your experience with it in the comments. Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a topic related to energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments.

268

Rate and Driving Force for Protonation of Aryl Radical Anions in Ethanol  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Driving Force for Protonation of Aryl Radical Anions in Ethanol and Driving Force for Protonation of Aryl Radical Anions in Ethanol Alison M. Funston, Sergei V. Lymar, Barbara Saunders-Price, Gidon Czapski, and John R. Miller J. Phys. Chem. B 111, 6895-6902 (2007). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: Aryl radical anions created in liquid alcohols decay on the microsecond time scale by transfer of protons from the solvent.1,2 This paper reports a 4.5 decade range of rate constants for proton transfer from a single weak acid, ethanol, to a series of unsubstituted aryl radical anions, Ar*-. The rate constants correlate with free energy change, ΔGo, despite wide variations in the two factors that contribute to ΔGo: (a) the reduction potentials of the aryls and (b) the Ar-H* bond strengths in the product radicals. For aryl radical anions containing CH2OH substituents, such as

269

Constant-pressure production in solution-gas-drive reservoirs; Transient flow  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents procedures to obtain reservoir parameters from constant-pressure drawdown data in solution-gas-drive reservoirs. A novel procedure to determine the mechanical skin factor is introduced. Examples, including a field case, illustrate the use of this procedure. An estimate of the drainage area can be obtained with the derivative of rate data. A theoretical basis for analyzing data by the pressure-squared, p{sup 2}, approach is presented; this procedure permits the approximate determination of sandface effective permeabilities in the transient flow period. For damaged wells, it is possible to obtain rough estimates of the size of the skin zone and the ratio of reservoir/skin-zone permeability when early transient data are available. The expression of the appropriate dimensionless rate in terms of physical properties for solution-gas-drive systems is presented. Finally, this paper presents a procedure to obtain an estimate of the change in sandface saturation during the transient flow period.

Camacho, R.G. (National Univ. of Mexico/PEMEX (MX))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Current Transformations in Norwegian Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Thatcher's higher education reforms in the early 1980'Idea and American Higher Education: 1850 to the 1960 MasterIN NORWEGIAN HIGHER EDUCATION 1 March 2002 Kim Gunnar

Helsvig, Kim Gunnar

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

COAXIAL CONTROL ROD DRIVE MECHANISM FOR NEUTRONIC REACTORS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drive mechanism is presented for the control rod or a nuclear reactor. In this device the control rod is coupled to a drive shaft which extends coaxially through the rotor of an electric motor for relative rotation with respect thereto. A gear reduction mehanism is coupled between the rotor and the drive shaft to convert the rotary motion of the motor into linear motion of the shaft with a comparatively great reduction in speed, thereby providing relatively glow linear movement of the shaft and control rod for control purposes.

Fox, R.J.; Oakes, L.C.

1959-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

272

Transistorized power switch and base drive circuit therefore  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A high power switching circuit is disclosed which utilizes a four-terminal Darlington transistor block to improve switching speed, particularly in rapid turn-off. Two independent reverse drive currents are utilized during turn-off in order to expel the minority carriers of the Darlington pair at their own charge sweep-out rate. The reverse drive current may be provided by a current transformer, the secondary of which is tapped to the base terminal of the power stage of the Darlington block. In one application, the switching circuit is used in each power switching element in a chopper-inverter drive of an electric vehicle propulsion system.

Lee, F.C.; Carter, R.A.

1981-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

273

Base drive circuit for a four-terminal power Darlington  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high power switching circuit which utilizes a four-terminal Darlington transistor block to improve switching speed, particularly in rapid turn-off. Two independent reverse drive currents are utilized during turn off in order to expel the minority carriers of the Darlington pair at their own charge sweep-out rate. The reverse drive current may be provided by a current transformer, the secondary of which is tapped to the base terminal of the power stage of the Darlington block. In one application, the switching circuit is used in each power switching element in a chopper-inverter drive of an electric vehicle propulsion system.

Lee, Fred C. (Blacksburg, VA); Carter, Roy A. (Salem, VA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Evaluation of half wave induction motor drive for use in passenger vehicles. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research performed to devise and design a lower cost inverter-induction motor drive for electrical propulsion of passenger vehicles. A two-phase inverter-motor system is recommended. It is predicted to provide comparable vehicle performance, improved reliability and nearly a 10% cost advantage for a high production vehicle because of the reduction in total parts count, decreased total rating of the power semiconductor switches and somewhat simpler control hardware compared to the conventional three-phase bridge inverter-motor drive system. The major disadvantages of the two-phase inverter-motor drive are that the tow-phase motor is larger and more expensive than a three-phase machine, the design of snubbers for the power switches is difficult because motor lead and bifilar winding leakage inductances produce higher transient voltages, and the torque pulsations are relatively large because of the necessity to limit the inverter switching frequency to achieve high efficiency. An actuall model of the two-phase system must be constructed and evaluated. The most challenging engineering design task will be to design the inverter, motor and snubber circuits to minimize transient voltages with high system efficiency.

Hoft, R.G.; Kawamura, A.; Goodarzi, A.; Yang, G.Q.; Erickson, C.L.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Adjustable speed drives: Applications and R&D needs  

SciTech Connect

The largest opportunity for the growth of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) during the next 5-6 years is in pump, fan and compressor (PFC) applications where a constant, fixed speed operation is converted to adjustable speed in order to realize energy savings. Inverter supplied induction motors are and will continue to be predominately used in these applications. Over the long term (10-15 years), the greatest ASD growth is expected in large volume consumer applications: first in hybrid electric vehicles (EVs) and in residential heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC). Both induction and a variety of AC Permanent Magnet motors are expected to be the dominant technology in this new field. The traditional ASD applications in industries which require adjustable speed (such as machine tools, robotics, steel rolling, extruders, paper mill finishing lines, etc.) offer a relatively limited potential for above average ASD growth since most of these applications have already converted to electronic speed control. As a result, ASD growth in this sector will essentially track the growth of the corresponding industries. If realized, both short and long term ASD growth opportunities will result in significant advancements of ASD technology, which will then substantially affect all other, more fragmented, ASD applications. In fact, any single large volume ASD application will serve as a catalyst for improving ASD characteristics in all other ASD applications with the same voltage rating. ASD cost and reliability (defined in the context of application compatibility) are the two most important factors which will determine whether the ASD growth opportunities are realized. Conversely, any technological improvement which carries a cost increase will be restricted to niche applications, at best. Consequently, future R & D efforts should be directed to secure reduction in ASD cost and improvement in ASD reliability. A specific action plan is outlined in this report.

Stefanovic, V.R.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Driving on "Green" Electrons | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving on "Green" Electrons Driving on "Green" Electrons Driving on "Green" Electrons September 6, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program So you've decided you want to drive on electricity. You've considered your commute, how often you could plug in your car, and whether you want a plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV) or all-electric vehicle (EV) . But you have one more decision to make - your electricity source. Although electricity is cleaner than petroleum once it gets to your car, not all electricity is created equal. Greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change and smog-forming emissions can come from two different sources in cars - the vehicle's tailpipe and the production of the fuel. The total of these sources is the

277

Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future Driving Home to a Clean Energy Future June 7, 2011 - 10:57am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Working here at the Department of Energy, I hear a lot about the latest efforts to design and build vehicles for a more energy-efficient future. The clean energy innovations in vehicle technologies that DOE and its partners are advancing will help American families save money at the pump-or even allow them to quit the gas pump altogether. Today, I want to highlight a few of the recent developments that will encourage drivers to be smarter consumers, help industry leaders make the cars and trucks we drive more energy efficient, and allow us to spend less of our hard-earned

278

Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season May 11, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy My dad is obsessed with fuel efficiency. I joked with him on a recent road trip that when he retires, he'll have more time to pursue his dream career as a fuel-economy promoter. Well guess what, I just found the treasure trove of information on smart driving that's going to make his whole week-it's at fueleconomy.gov. Now, I know we've blogged on this in the past. But it's been a while, and this stuff is good to keep fresh in your mind as the price of gasoline creeps up this summer. The site provides information on everything

279

EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide a financial assistance grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) to Delphi Automotive Systems, Limited Liability Corporation (LLC) (Delphi). Delphi proposes to construct a laboratory referred to as the "Delphi Kokomo, IN Corporate Technology Center" (Delphi CTC Project) and retrofit a manufacturing facility. The project would advance DOE's Vehicle Technology Program through manufacturing and testing of electric-drive vehicle components as well as assist in the

280

MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Checkmate SeaEnergy Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description Anaconda uses a large water filled distensible rubber tube floating just beneath the ocean surface and oriented parallel to wave direction As a wave passes the bulge tube is lifted with the surrounding water and this causes a bulge wave to be excited which then passes down the tubes walls gathering energy from the ocean wave as it passes By matching the speed of the bulge wave to that of the sea wave resonance is achieved and high power capture becomes possible The bulge waves are then used to drive a turbine generator located at the stern of the device

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate October 26, 2010 - 5:21pm Addthis EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last year, Americans used about 138 billion gallons of gasoline - mostly imported - for transportation, costing Americans about $300 billion. The Department of Energy, through the Recovery Act, is investing in more fuel-efficient battery and electric vehicles to reduce these costs and training a strong, talented workforce to develop these cleaner, more sustainable technologies. Recognizing the importance of engaging students in this endeavor, the Department of Energy and General Motors (GM) established the EcoCar Challenge - a three-year Advanced Vehicle

282

OpenXC sample driving data | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenXC sample driving data OpenXC sample driving data Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 24 September, 2012 - 10:29 OpenXC This file represents raw data from OpenXC, in the form of single-vehicle trace files. This may be accessed from any programming language or existing system you want, but a Python wrapper will soon be made available and linked to OpenEI's energy hackathon resources. A description of the format for each individual measurement: http://openxcplatform.com/vehicle-interface/output-format.html A description of the trace files (including the driving.txt file), which is simple a list of individual measurements with timestamps: http://openxcplatform.com/android/testing.html Note: when this sample data forms a more complete dataset of real driving

283

Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon June 11, 2013 - 7:30am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department today launched the eGallon - a quick and simple way for consumers to compare the costs of fueling electric vehicles vs. driving on gasoline. Today's national average eGallon price is about $1.14, meaning that a typical electric vehicle could travel as far on $1.14 worth of electricity as a similar vehicle could travel on a gallon of gasoline. "Consumers can see gasoline prices posted at the corner gas station, but are left in the dark on the cost of fueling an electric vehicle. The eGallon will bring greater transparency to vehicle operating costs, and help drivers figure out how much they might save on fuel by choosing an

284

Homodyne target tracking for direct drive laser inertial fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Laboratory. Inertial Fusion Energy: How IFE Works,Tracking of Direct Drive Inertial Fusion Targets."Fusion Science and Technology 52.3 (2007): 435-439. Tillack,

Spalding, Jon David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #797: September 16, 2013 Driving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

driving ranges for electric vehicles (EVs) offered for the 2013 model year (MY). The Tesla Model S has the longest range of any EV offered, ranging from 139 miles for the 40...

286

Low backlash direct drive actuator - Energy Innovation Portal  

A low backlash direct drive actuator is described which comprises a motor such as a stepper motor having at least 200 steps per revolution; a two part hub assembly ...

287

High efficiency pulse motor drive for robotic propulsion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this research is to improve the power efficiency of robotic locomotion through the use of series elastic actuation, with a focus on swimming motion. To achieve high efficiency, electromechanical drives need to ...

Sun, Zhen, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Pallets of PV: Communities Purchase Solar and Drive Down Costs...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pallets of PV: Communities Purchase Solar and Drive Down Costs Together Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1982) Super...

289

Probabilistic lane estimation for autonomous driving using basis curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lane estimation for autonomous driving can be formulated as a curve estimation problem, where local sensor data provides partial and noisy observations of spatial curves forming lane boundaries. The number of lanes to ...

Huang, Albert S.

290

Microsoft Word - Emittance Evolution of the Drive Electron Beam...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WF-NOTE-237 Dec. 21, 2007 Emittance Evolution of the Drive Electron Beam in Helical Undulator for ILC Positron Source Wanming Liu, Wei Gai, Michael Borland, Aimin Xiao, and...

291

NREL: Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Research - Automakers Drive toward...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automakers Drive toward Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles February 4, 2013 A recent Science Friday segment on National Public Radio (NPR) featured Jen Kurtz of the U.S. Department of...

292

Comparative Assessment of Direct Drive High Temperature Superconductin...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy, LLC. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Comparative Assessment of Direct Drive High Temperature Superconducting Generators in Multi-Megawatt Class Wind Turbines B....

293

Drive-access transit : a regional analytical framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A framework for analyzing drive-access transit at a regional level is developed in this research. This framework is intended primarily for in-house use by regional transit agencies, yet has implications for the regional ...

Sorensen, James B

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Cooling Tower Energy Conservation Through Hydraulic Fan Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many companies offer gearboxes, shafts, and couplings for cooling tower fan drives, with little or no innovation. These companies have traditionally been purchased with an emphasis on cost and not "Return on Investment!" In the past, when energy conservation or "Return on Investment" was emphasized, the only alternative was to add an expensive frequency inverter for variable speed control. This meant expensive rewiring, placing additional controls in an already crowded control room, or constructing a special building for them. However, with H.E.M.'s patented Hydraulic Fan Drive, one receives variable speed control and more efficiency for approximately the price of a mechanical drive. The new, more efficient Hydraulic Drive allows for a variable speed control and the ability to sense water temperature to control fan speed.

Dickerson, J.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Requirements for neutral beam current drive in tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

This paper contains viewgraphs on the use of neutral beam current drive in future tokamaks. Current profiles, slowing down distributions, beam destabilization of alfven waves and plasma parameters are some items covered in this paper. (DWL)

Dory, R.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Homodyne target tracking for direct drive laser inertial fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

direct drive inertial fusion reactor (Sethian). HAPL’sblock from the fusion reactor chamber. 4.3 Demonstration A.fusion reaction for generating electricity (see figure 1.1). In order for such a nuclear reactor

Spalding, Jon David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Economic/operational advantages of top drive installations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article addresses specific types of drilling operations, procedures and techniques associated with top drive drilling that create selected and/or specific economic opportunities and justifications for using a rental top drive. Types of drilling operations and/or wells that commonly justify top drive drilling described here include: drilling through sloughing or swelling formations; drilling extended reach, high angle and/or horizontal wells; drilling underbalanced through normal and subnormal formations; and wells with high daily operating costs, time constraints, i.e., days vs. depth, and/or safety and environmental concerns. Top drives, of course, are not justified for every drilling operation. Here, the discussion indicates some situations where portable systems may be applicable.

Brouse, M. [Tesco Drilling Technology, Houston, TX (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

#LabChat: Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles, Dec. 13...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient Vehicles, Dec. 13 at 2 pm ET December 11, 2012 - 10:09am Q&A Researchers are developing technologies that will help consumers drive farther using less fuel. Have...

299

A development framework for Virtools-based DVR driving system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multi-client technique framework is an essential mechanism of the Distributed Virtual Reality (DVR) driving simulator, which supports remote network real-time interaction and cooperation. As one of the excellent Virtual Reality software Development ...

Xunxiang Li; Dingfang Chen; Le Wang; Anding Li

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Obama Administration drives release of car safety data, unveils...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Obama Administration drives release of car safety data, unveils new NHTSA SaferCar app for iOS Safety DataTools Apps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Safety You are here...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

What Drives the Oil-Dollar Correlation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preliminary- comments welcome, please do not quote Oil prices and the US Dollar tend to move together: while the correlation between the WTI spot price and the US Dollar trade-weighted exchange rate has historically ‡uctuated between positive and negative values, it turned persistently negative in recent years. What explains this comovement? This paper investigates the relationship between oil prices and the US Dollar nominal e¤ective exchange rate using a structural model that is fully identi…ed by exploiting the heteroskedasticity in the data, following Rigobon (2003). We control for e¤ects of US and global economic developments on oil prices and exchange rates by including measures of the surprise component of economic news releases. The results indicate that higher oil prices depreciate the Dollar both in the short run and over longer horizons. We also …nd that that Dollar depreciation is associated with higher oil prices in the short run. US short-term interest rates explain much of the long-run variation in oil prices and and the Dollar exchange rate.

Christian Grisse

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Steam Turbines for Critical Applications and Emergency or Standby Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steam turbines are frequently preferred over electric motors where operational continuity is important. This often imposes extreme premiums in operating cost. The parameters affecting relative economics are explored and a range of alternatives are discussed. Some light is shed on the often controversial (and even emotional) topics of automatic quick-start turbine drives, “slow” rolling of standby turbines, and the use of other types of emergency drives.

Waterland, A. F.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

How Responsive is Higher Education? The Linkages between Higher Education and the Labor Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

establishment (at the higher education level). Our analysisEconomic Value of Higher Education in Developed Economies: AWeiss. 2008. “From Higher Education to Work: Patterns of

Bardhan, Ashok Deo; Hicks, Daniel; Jaffee, Dwight M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Fast wave current drive system design for DIII-D  

SciTech Connect

DIII-D has a major effort underway to develop the physics and technology of fast wave electron heating and current drive in conjunction with electron cyclotron heating. The present system consists of a four strap antenna driven by one 2 MW transmitter in the 32--60 MHz band. Experiments have been successful in demonstrating the physics of heating and current drive. In order to validate fast wave current drive for future machines a greater power capability is necessary to drive all of the plasma current. Advanced tokamak modeling for DIII-D has indicated that this goal can be met for plasma configurations of interest (i.e. high [beta] VH-mode discharges) with 8 MW of transmitter fast wave capability. It is proposed that four transmitters drive fast wave antennas at three locations in DIII-D to provide the power for current drive and current profile modification. As the next step in acquiring this capability, two modular four strap antennas are in design and the procurement of a high power transmitter in the 30--120 MHz range is in progress. Additionally, innovations in the technology are being investigated, such as the use of a coupled combine antenna to reduce the number of required feedthroughs and to provide for parallel phase velocity variation with a relatively small change in frequency, and the use of fast ferrite tuners to provide millisecond timescale impedance matching. A successful test of a low power fast ferrite prototype was conducted on DIII-D.

deGrassie, J.S.; Callis, R.; Lin-Liu, Y.R.; Moeller, C..; Petty, C.C.; Phelps, D.R.; Pinsker, R.I.; Remsen, D. (General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)); Baity, F.W.; Hoffman, D.J.; Taylor, D.J. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Arnold, W.; Martin, S. (ANT-Nachrichtentechnik GmbH, Backnang (Germany))

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Fast wave current drive system design for DIII-D  

SciTech Connect

DIII-D has a major effort underway to develop the physics and technology of fast wave electron heating and current drive in conjunction with electron cyclotron heating. The present system consists of a four strap antenna driven by one 2 MW transmitter in the 32--60 MHz band. Experiments have been successful in demonstrating the physics of heating and current drive. In order to validate fast wave current drive for future machines a greater power capability is necessary to drive all of the plasma current. Advanced tokamak modeling for DIII-D has indicated that this goal can be met for plasma configurations of interest (i.e. high {beta} VH-mode discharges) with 8 MW of transmitter fast wave capability. It is proposed that four transmitters drive fast wave antennas at three locations in DIII-D to provide the power for current drive and current profile modification. As the next step in acquiring this capability, two modular four strap antennas are in design and the procurement of a high power transmitter in the 30--120 MHz range is in progress. Additionally, innovations in the technology are being investigated, such as the use of a coupled combine antenna to reduce the number of required feedthroughs and to provide for parallel phase velocity variation with a relatively small change in frequency, and the use of fast ferrite tuners to provide millisecond timescale impedance matching. A successful test of a low power fast ferrite prototype was conducted on DIII-D.

deGrassie, J.S.; Callis, R.; Lin-Liu, Y.R.; Moeller, C..; Petty, C.C.; Phelps, D.R.; Pinsker, R.I.; Remsen, D. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Baity, F.W.; Hoffman, D.J.; Taylor, D.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Arnold, W.; Martin, S. [ANT-Nachrichtentechnik GmbH, Backnang (Germany)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Generating vorticity and magnetic fields in plasmas in general relativity: Spacetime curvature drive  

SciTech Connect

Using the generally covariant magnetofluid formalism for a hot plasma, a spacetime curvature driven mechanism for generating seed vorticity/magnetic field is presented. The 'battery' owes its origin to the interaction between the gravity modified Lorentz factor of the fluid element and the inhomogeneous plasma thermodynamics. The general relativistic drive is evaluated for two simple cases: seed formation in a simplified model of a hot plasma accreting in stable orbits around a Schwarzschild black hole and for particles in free fall near the horizon. Some astrophysical applications are suggested.

Asenjo, Felipe A.; Mahajan, Swadesh M. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Qadir, Asghar [Centre for Advanced Mathematics and Physics, National University of Sciences and Technology, H12, Islamabad 4400 (Pakistan)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft...

308

Comparing Two Types of Magnetically- Coupled Adjustable Speed Drives with Variable Frequency Drives in Pump and Fan Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the results from laboratory tests on MagnaDrive Corporations fixed-magnet magnetically-coupled adjustable speed drive (MC-ASD) and Coyote Electronics electromagnetic MC-ASD as compared to a typical variable frequency drive (VFD) for typical fan and pump loads. It also discusses advantages and disadvantages of using mechanical MC-ASD versus VFDs and it provides field experience with VFDs in refrigerated warehouses as well as the fixed magnet MC-ASD in wastewater and other field applications. Laboratory tests for a 50 hp fan retrofit showed electronic VFD savings at 62%, the MagnaDrive Coupling at 39% and PAYBACK Drive at 46%. At $0.06/kWh and list prices, the simple payback for the VFD is 2.4 years, the MagnaDrive is 4.6 years and the PAYBACK is 1.9 years. MagnaDrive has models from 25 to 500 hp while PAYBACK has models from 3 to 200 hp. Contractors to the Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance have helped to install VFDs for about 300 evaporator fans in over two dozen refrigerated warehouses and to install fixed-magnet MC-ASDs in about 50 applications with about half of these controlling wastewater pumps. The Alliance has no particular field experience with the electcromagnetic coupling. The primary advantages of magnetically coupled adjustable speed drives (MC-ASD) over VFDs come from reduced maintenance, resistance to dirty environments, separation of load vibration from the motor, and less stringent requirements for precise shaft alignment. Field experience indicates reductions in noise and repairs from vibration loads, tolerance of poor electrical power quality, and ease of installation are often more important than energy savings. The MC-ASDs are being used where VFDs have not survived or are considered too complicated.

Anderson, K. J.; Chvala, W. D.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

First Harmonic (2f) Characterisation of Resonant Frequency and Q-Factor of Micromechanical Transducers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the response to the first harmonic component (2f) of the electrostatic force in single terminal driven electrostatic comb-drive and parallel-plate drive was used as a signal to extract device parameters, namely, the Q-factor and ... Keywords: Lorentzian curve-fitting, electrostatic drive, experimental modal analysis, first harmonic (2f), lock-in technique, resonance curve area (RCA)

V. J. Logeeswaran; F. E. H. Tay; M. L. Chan; F. S. Chau; Y. C. Liang

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Higher Power Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Higher Power Energy LLC Higher Power Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Higher Power Energy, LLC Place Flower Mound, Texas Zip 78028 Sector Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product Higher Power Energy is focused on the development and management of renewable wind energy across North America. References Higher Power Energy, LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Higher Power Energy, LLC is a company located in Flower Mound, Texas . References ↑ "Higher Power Energy, LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Higher_Power_Energy_LLC&oldid=346535" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

311

Feedstocks with Reduced Acetylation for Higher Product ...  

Biomass and Biofuels Feedstocks with Reduced Acetylation for Higher Product Yields and Improved Properties Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

312

Higher order invariants, cohomology, and automorphic forms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general structure theorem on higher order invariants is proven. For an arithmetic group, the structure of the corresponding Hecke module is determined. It is shown that the module does not contain any irreducible submodule. This explains the fact that L-functions of higher order forms have no Euler-product. Higher order cohomology is introduced, classical results of Borel are generalized and a higher order version of Borel's conjecture is stated.

Deitmar, Anton

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Designing ontologies for higher level fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of higher level fusion is to produce contextual understanding of the states of the environment and prediction of their impact in relation to specific goals of decision makers. One of the main challenges of designing higher level fusion processes ... Keywords: Basic formal ontology (BFO), Higher level fusion, Mereotopology, Ontology, Postdisaster environment, Relations

Eric G. Little; Galina L. Rogova

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Higher-order symbolic execution via contracts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach to automated reasoning about higher-order programs by extending symbolic execution to use behavioral contracts as symbolic values, thus enabling symbolic approximation of higher-order behavior. Our approach is based on the idea ... Keywords: higher-order contracts, reduction semantics, symbolic execution

Sam Tobin-Hochstadt; David Van Horn

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Implementing Sustainability| The Factors That Drive It and the Perspectives That Thrive in It.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Numerous companies are accepting sustainability as an organizational imperative. There is, however, little convergence on how organizations become sustainable. Some researchers suggest that a… (more)

Stoughton, Anne Marie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Variability in the Environmental Factors Driving Evapotranspiration from a Grazed Rangeland during Severe Drought Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nearly one-half of the earth’s terrestrial surface is susceptible to drought, which can have significant social, economic, and environmental impacts. Therefore, it is important to develop better descriptions and models of the processes linking ...

Joseph G. Alfieri; Peter D. Blanken; David N. Yates; Konrad Steffen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

The drive toward hydrogen vehicles just got shorter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The drive toward hydrogen vehicles just got shorter The drive toward hydrogen vehicles just got shorter The drive toward hydrogen vehicles just got shorter Researchers have revealed a new single-stage method for recharging the hydrogen storage compound ammonia borane. March 21, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact

318

Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs August 1, 2013 - 2:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - During remarks at the Energy Department's Biomass 2013 annual conference, Secretary Moniz today highlighted the important role biofuels play in the Administration's Climate Action Plan to increase our energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. Secretary Moniz also announced over $22 million in new investments to help develop cost-competitive algae fuels and streamline the biomass feedstock supply chain for advanced biofuels. "By partnering with industry and universities, we can help make clean,

319

Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive Innovations in Biofuels and Biobased Products Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive Innovations in Biofuels and Biobased Products July 25, 2012 - 1:37pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above strategy to enhance U.S. energy security, reduce America's reliance on imported oil and leverage our domestic energy supply, while also supporting rural economies, the U.S. Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Energy today announced a $41 million investment in 13 projects that will drive more efficient biofuels production and feedstock improvements. "If we want to develop affordable alternatives for oil and gasoline that

320

Driving the National Parks Forward | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving the National Parks Forward Driving the National Parks Forward Driving the National Parks Forward June 19, 2012 - 4:02pm Addthis Propane shuttle buses used to transport visitors at Mammoth Cave National Park. | Photo courtesy of the National Parks Service. Propane shuttle buses used to transport visitors at Mammoth Cave National Park. | Photo courtesy of the National Parks Service. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What does this project do? The Energy Department is partnering with the National Park Service to increase alternative fuel use of vehicle fleets at national parks around the country. Describing America's National Parks, historian Wallace Stegnar once said they were "the best idea we ever had." But like any good idea, the parks are constantly adapting to meet the needs of the present. Clean Cities,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program August 19, 2010 - 11:00am Addthis Zach Waickman works on a biodiesel project at Loyola University. | Photo courtesy of Mark Beane, Loyola University Zach Waickman works on a biodiesel project at Loyola University. | Photo courtesy of Mark Beane, Loyola University Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE Students convert used dining hall cooking oil into biodiesel The alternative fuel to supply 2,500 gallons of fuel to campus shuttles Lab-created biodiesel and biosoap sales support biofuels education program Communications major Zachary Waickman had no idea what he was getting into when he signed up for Loyola University's undergraduate Solutions to

322

Energy Department Announces $60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

60 Million to Drive Affordable, 60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power Energy Department Announces $60 Million to Drive Affordable, Efficient Solar Power October 22, 2013 - 11:45am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Building on President Obama's broad-based plan to cut carbon pollution and support clean energy innovation across the country, Energy Secretary Moniz announced today about $60 million to support innovative solar energy research and development. As part of the Department's SunShot Initiative, these awards will help lower the cost of solar electricity, advance seamless grid integration and support a growing U.S. solar workforce. "The tremendous growth in the U.S. solar industry over the past few years is helping to pave the way to a cleaner, more sustainable energy future

323

Thirteen States Receive Energy Department Awards to Drive Greater Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

States Receive Energy Department Awards to Drive Greater States Receive Energy Department Awards to Drive Greater Energy Efficiency, Save Money Thirteen States Receive Energy Department Awards to Drive Greater Energy Efficiency, Save Money November 26, 2013 - 2:44pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Building on the Obama Administration's efforts to double energy productivity by 2030 and help communities save on energy bills, the Energy Department today awarded nearly $4 million to 13 states to increase statewide energy savings and boost the energy efficiency of public institutions, local governments and industrial sectors. The Department's State Energy Program has a long history in assisting states in saving energy and deploying new clean energy technologies. "Smart, cost-effective investments in energy efficiency are helping

324

Students' Clean Tech Projects: Driving Commercial Success | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Students' Clean Tech Projects: Driving Commercial Success Students' Clean Tech Projects: Driving Commercial Success Students' Clean Tech Projects: Driving Commercial Success October 6, 2011 - 3:20pm Addthis UCSD Ph.D. candidate (structural engineering) and von Liebig Fellow Arun Manohar demonstrates unique Enhanced Infrared Thermography algorithm to identify structural defects in composite wind turbine plates. | Image Courtesy of the San Diego Renewable Energy Fellowship. UCSD Ph.D. candidate (structural engineering) and von Liebig Fellow Arun Manohar demonstrates unique Enhanced Infrared Thermography algorithm to identify structural defects in composite wind turbine plates. | Image Courtesy of the San Diego Renewable Energy Fellowship. Sarah Jane Maxted Special Assistant, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

325

Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive Innovations in Biofuels and Biobased Products Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive Innovations in Biofuels and Biobased Products July 25, 2012 - 1:37pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above strategy to enhance U.S. energy security, reduce America's reliance on imported oil and leverage our domestic energy supply, while also supporting rural economies, the U.S. Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Energy today announced a $41 million investment in 13 projects that will drive more efficient biofuels production and feedstock improvements. "If we want to develop affordable alternatives for oil and gasoline that

326

Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs August 1, 2013 - 2:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - During remarks at the Energy Department's Biomass 2013 annual conference, Secretary Moniz today highlighted the important role biofuels play in the Administration's Climate Action Plan to increase our energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. Secretary Moniz also announced over $22 million in new investments to help develop cost-competitive algae fuels and streamline the biomass feedstock supply chain for advanced biofuels. "By partnering with industry and universities, we can help make clean,

327

Test Drive EIA's New Interactive Electricity Data Browser | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Test Drive EIA's New Interactive Electricity Data Browser Test Drive EIA's New Interactive Electricity Data Browser Test Drive EIA's New Interactive Electricity Data Browser April 6, 2012 - 4:27pm Addthis Check out EIA’s beta test site and leave your feedback. Check out EIA's beta test site and leave your feedback. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs The Energy Information Administration (EIA) - the statistical and analytical agency within the Energy Department - recently launched an interactive electricity data browser on a test website that allows users to search in one location much of EIA's electricity data and to customize it to meet their information needs. As an experimental product, EIA is encouraging the public to submit

328

MHK Technologies/Direct Drive Power Generation Buoy | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Generation Buoy Power Generation Buoy < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Direct Drive Power Generation Buoy.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Columbia Power Technologies Inc Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Floating Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description Direct drive point absorber In 2005 Oregon State University entered into an exclusive license agreement with Columbia Power Technologies to jointly develop a direct drive wave energy conversion device Designed to be anchored 2 5 miles off the Oregon coast in 130 feet of water it uses the rise and fall of ocean waves to generate electricity Mooring Configuration Anchored

329

Intergral Drive Systems AG IDS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intergral Drive Systems AG IDS Intergral Drive Systems AG IDS Jump to: navigation, search Name Intergral Drive Systems AG (IDS) Place Zurich, Swaziland Zip CH-8005 Sector Wind energy Product Zurich based producer of power electronics systems for wind turbines, PV plants, and propulsion systems. Coordinates 47.37706°, 8.53955° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.37706,"lon":8.53955,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

330

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes NREL's computer aided engineering program for electric drive vehicle batteries.

Pesaran, A. A.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Generalized structure of higher order nonclassicality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A generalized notion of higher order nonclassicality (in terms of higher order moments) is introduced. Under this generalized framework of higher order nonclassicality, conditions of higher order squeezing and higher order subpoissonian photon statistics are derived. A simpler form of the Hong-Mandel higher order squeezing criterion is derived under this framework by using an operator ordering theorem introduced by us in [J. Phys. A. 33 (2000) 5607]. It is also generalized for multi-photon Bose operators of Brandt and Greenberg. Similarly, condition for higher order subpoissonian photon statistics is derived by normal ordering of higher powers of number operator. Further, with the help of simple density matrices, it is shown that the higher order antibunching (HOA) and higher order subpoissonian photon statistics (HOSPS) are not the manifestation of the same phenomenon and consequently it is incorrect to use the condition of HOA as a test of HOSPS. It is also shown that the HOA and HOSPS may exist even in absence of the corresponding lower order phenomenon. Binomial state, nonlinear first order excited squeezed state (NLESS) and nonlinear vacuum squeezed state (NLVSS) are used as examples of quantum state and it is shown that these states may show higher order nonclssical characteristics. It is observed that the Binomial state which is always antibunched, is not always higher order squeezed and NLVSS which shows higher order squeezing does not show HOSPS and HOA. The opposite is observed in NLESS and consequently it is established that the HOSPS and HOS are two independent signatures of higher order nonclassicality

Amit Verma; Anirban Pathak

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

332

FreedomCAR Advanced Traction Drive Motor Development Phase I  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of this program is to design and develop an advanced traction motor that will meet the FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) 2010 goals and the traction motor technical targets. The motor specifications are given in Section 1.3. Other goals of the program include providing a cost study to ensure the motor can be developed within the cost targets needed for the automotive industry. The program has focused on using materials that are both high performance and low costs such that the performance can be met and cost targets are achieved. In addition, the motor technologies and machine design features must be compatible with high volume manufacturing and able to provide high reliability, efficiency, and ruggedness while simultaneously reducing weight and volume. Weight and volume reduction will become a major factor in reducing cost, material cost being the most significant part of manufacturing cost at high volume. Many motor technology categories have been considered in the past and present for traction drive applications, including: brushed direct current (DC), PM (PM) brushless dc (BLDC), alternating current (AC) induction, switched reluctance and synchronous reluctance machines. Of these machine technologies, PM BLDC has consistently demonstrated an advantage in terms of power density and efficiency. As rare earth magnet cost has declined, total cost may also be reduced over the other technologies. Of the many different configurations of PM BLDC machines, those which incorporate power production utilizing both magnetic torque as well as reluctance torque appear to have the most promise for traction applications. There are many different PM BLDC machine configurations which employ both of these torque producing mechanisms; however, most would fall into one of two categories--some use weaker magnets and rely more heavily on reluctance torque (reluctance-dominant PM machines), others use strong PMs and supplement with reluctance torque (magnet-dominant PM machines). This report covers a trade study that was conducted in this phase I program to explore which type of machine best suits the FCVT requirements.

Ley, Josh (UQM Technologies, Inc.); Lutz, Jon (UQM Technologies, Inc.)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites "We should start where most new jobs do - in small businesses, companies that begin when an entrepreneur takes a chance on a dream, or a worker decides its time she became her own boss." --- President Obama, State of the Union Address, January 27, 2010 "Jobs will be our number one focus in 2010. And we're going to start where most new jobs do - with small businesses." --- President Obama, Nashua, New Hampshire, February 2, 2010

334

ELECTRON CYCLOTRON CURRENT DRIVE EFFICIENCY IN GENERAL TOKAMAK GEOMETRY  

SciTech Connect

Green's-function techniques are used to calculate electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD) efficiency in general tokamak geometry in the low-collisionality regime. Fully relativistic electron dynamics is employed in the theoretical formulation. The high-velocity collision model is used to model Coulomb collisions and a simplified quasi-linear rf diffusion operator describes wave-particle interactions. The approximate analytic solutions which are benchmarked with a widely used ECCD model, facilitate time-dependent simulations of tokamak operational scenarios using the non-inductive current drive of electron cyclotron waves.

LIN-LUI,Y.R; CHAN,V.S; PRATER,R

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Conversion Factor  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Conversion Factor (Btu per cubic foot) Production Marketed... 1,110 1,106 1,105 1,106 1,109 Extraction Loss ......

336

202-328-5000 www.rff.orgIs Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance a Better Way to Reduce Gasoline than Gasoline Taxes?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline taxes are widely perceived as the most efficient instrument for reducing gasoline consumption because they exploit all behavioral responses for reducing fuel use, including reduced driving and improved fuel economy. At present, however, higher fuel taxes are viewed as a political nonstarter. Pay-as-you-drive (PAYD) auto insurance, which involves replacing existing lump-sum premiums with premiums that vary in proportion to miles driven, should be more practical, since they do not raise driving costs for the average motorist. We show that when impacts on a broad range of motor vehicle externalities are considered, PAYD also induces significantly higher welfare gains than comparable gasoline tax increases, for fuel reductions below 9%. The reason is that under PAYD, all of the reduction in fuel use, rather than just a fraction, comes from reduced driving; this produces a substantial additional efficiency gain because mileage-related external costs (especially congestion and accidents) are relatively large in magnitude. Key Words: gasoline tax; pay-as-you-drive insurance; mileage tax; welfare effects; motor vehicle externality JEL Classification Numbers: H21, H23, R48

Ian W. H. Parry; Ian W. H. Parry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Higher Spin Black Holes from CFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Higher spin gravity in three dimensions has explicit black holes solutions, carrying higher spin charge. We compute the free energy of a charged black hole from the holographic dual, a 2d CFT with extended conformal symmetry, and find exact agreement with the bulk thermodynamics. In the CFT, higher spin corrections to the free energy can be calculated at high temperature from correlation functions of W-algebra currents.

Gaberdiel, Matthias R; Jin, Kewang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Higher Spin Black Holes from CFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Higher spin gravity in three dimensions has explicit black holes solutions, carrying higher spin charge. We compute the free energy of a charged black hole from the holographic dual, a 2d CFT with extended conformal symmetry, and find exact agreement with the bulk thermodynamics. In the CFT, higher spin corrections to the free energy can be calculated at high temperature from correlation functions of W-algebra currents.

Matthias R. Gaberdiel; Thomas Hartman; Kewang Jin

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

339

Douglas Factors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Merit Systems Protection Board in its landmark decision, Douglas vs. Veterans Administration, 5 MSPR 280, established criteria that supervisors must consider in determining an appropriate penalty to impose for an act of employee misconduct. These twelve factors are commonly referred to as “Douglas Factors” and have been incorporated into the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Personnel Management System and various FAA Labor Agreements.

340

DOE Connects with Higher Education Community  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

EDUconnections is a year old project, and through it we celebrate our university partners, spotlighting a different higher education institution every month.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

FCT Education: Competitions for Higher Education Students  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Educators Grades 5-12 Higher Education Energy Education Links Careers in Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells...

342

TTRDC - Light Duty E-Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and all electric vehicles (AEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and AEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and AEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models. Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne's Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technology Program Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3. Figure 1 shows monthly new PHEV and AEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 3 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 4 shows HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price..

343

Driving Secure Software Development Experience in a Diverse Product Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Siemens' central security team drives secure software development across a diverse product portfolio. From factory automation to wind turbines, Siemens builds security in by activities including standardizing roles and responsibilities, threat and risk ... Keywords: Siemens, secure software development, risk analysis, threat analysis, software engineering

Barbara Fichtinger; Frances Paulisch; Peter Panholzer

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Mr. Tad W. Patzek 13331 Trail Drive Street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mr. Tad W. Patzek 13331 Trail Drive Street Austin, Texas 78737 Dear Mr. Patzek: THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR WASHINGTON MAR 11 2011 It is my pleasure to appoint you as a member of the Ocean Energy Safety of the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement on matters and actions relating to offshore

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

345

DRIVING DIRECTIONS South Carolina Commissioner's School for Agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 6 DRIVING DIRECTIONS South Carolina Commissioner's School for Agriculture Directions://www.clemson.edu/campusmap/index.html Directions from Interstate 85 Take exit 19B, Clemson University (Hwy 76/28). Merge onto Hwy 76/28 and follow sign, go to the right. Follow the signs to the registration area in Barnett Hall. Directions to Friday

Bolding, M. Chad

346

NCEM National Center for Electron Microscopy: Microscope Driving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microscope Driving Tests 3010 test.pdf CM 200 test.pdf CM 300 test.pdf Libra test.pdf FIB test.pdf Tecnai test.pdf TEAM 0.5 test.pdf TEAM I test.pdf...

347

Progress in Direct-Drive Inertial Confinement Fusion Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temperature Radius Massdensity Hot spot Burn wave Ablator DT ice #12;A-beam smoothing is critical to ICF ignition I1771 EO phase modulator Grating Amplifiers Grating Focusing optics Angular dispersion f Oscillator Phase Plates1 Measured far field of an OMEGA indirect-drive phase plate

348

Global biofuel drive raises risk of eviction for African farmers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global biofuel drive raises risk of eviction for African farmers African farmers risk being forced from their lands by investors or government projects as global demand for biofuels encourages changes at risk if African farmland is turned over to growing crops for biofuel. With growing pressure to find

349

DRIVE: a reconfigurable testbed for advanced vehicular services and communications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces DRIVE, a reconfigurable demonstrator that will allow for experimental validation of vehicular networking research, as well as proof of concept and realistic performance studies of advanced services for vehicular users. The testbed ... Keywords: VANET, added-value services, carPC, demonstrator, software platform, vehicular networks, wireless networks

Carolina Pinart; Pilar Sanz; Iván Lequerica; Daniel García; Isaac Barona; Diego Sánchez-Aparisi

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Measurement of coupling resonance driving terms with the AC dipole  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Resonance driving terms for linear coupled betatron motion in a synchrotron ring can be determined from corresponding spectral lines of an excited coherent beam motion. An AC dipole is one of instruments to excite such a motion. When a coherent motion is excited with an AC dipole, measured Courant-Snyder parameters and betatron phase advance have apparent modulations, as if there is an additional quadrupole field at the location of the AC dipole. Hence, measurements of these parameters using the AC dipole require a proper interpretation of observed quantities. The situation is similar in measurements of resonance driving terms using the AC dipole. In this note, we derive an expression of coupled betatron motion excited with two AC dipoles in presence of skew quadrupole fields, discuss an impact of this quadrupole like effect of the AC dipole on a measurement of coupling resonance driving terms, and present an analytical method to determine the coupling resonance driving terms from quantities observed using the AC dipole.

Miyamoto, R.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

BOOK DRIVE! Sponsored by Acacia, the Teaching Writing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BOOKS FOR TROOPS BOOK DRIVE! Sponsored by Acacia, the Teaching Writing Club, and the Creative Writing Club Help us collect books to send to U.S. soldiers stationed both at home and abroad! We will accept both new and used books and magazines. All genres are welcome

de Lijser, Peter

352

Physical model of a hybrid electric drive train  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A motor and flywheel system was designed to simulate the dynamics of the electric drive train and inertial mass of a hybrid electric vehicle. The model will serve as a test bed for students in 2.672 to study the energy ...

Young, Brady W. (Brady William)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Series Input Modular Architecture for Driving Multiple LEDs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, where each cell drives four 700 mA LEDs. Keywords ­ solid-state lighting, light emitting diodes, LED have been achieved over the past decade in solid state light emitting diodes (LEDs), leading to high, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. Craford, "Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes

354

Job security and fear: Do these drive our radiation guidelines  

SciTech Connect

This commentary asks why scientists want radiation standard setting at a level well below that at which any health related problem has been observed in a human being. The idea that job security and fear actually may drive radiation standards is presented as a possibility. 3 refs.

Thomas, R.G.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; A-Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. Energy & Financial Markets What Drives Crude Oil Prices? ...

356

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New York Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

357

Sensitivity of NIF-scale backlit thin shell implosions to hohlraum symmetry in the foot of the ignition drive pulse  

SciTech Connect

A necessary condition for igniting indirectly-driven inertial confinement fusion (ICF) spherical capsules on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) is controlling drive flux asymmetry to the 1% level time-integrated over the pulse and with < 10%/ns swings during the pulse [J. D. Lindl et al., 'The Physics Basis for Ignition using Indirect Drive Targets on the National Ignition Facility', Physics of Plasmas 11, 339 (2003)]. While drive symmetry during the first 2 ns of the pulse can be inferred by using the re-emission pattern from a surrogate high Z sphere [E. Dewald et al. to be published in Rev. Sci. Inst.] and symmetry during the last 5 ns inferred from the shape of fully imploded capsules [A. Hauer, N. Delamater, D. Ress et al. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 672-7 (1995)], the midportion ({approx} 2-10 ns) has been shown to be amenable to detection by the in-flight shape of x-ray backlit thin shell capsules [Pollaine et. al., Physics of Plasmas 8 2357 (2001)]. In this paper, we present sensitivity studies conducted on the University of Rochester's OMEGA laser of the thin shell symmetry measurement technique at near NIF-scale for two candidate capsule ablator materials, Ge-doped CH and Cu-doped Be. These experiments use both point and area backlighting to cast 4.7 keV radiographs of thin 1.4 mm initial-diameter Ge-doped CH and Cu-doped Be shells when converged a factor of {approx} 0.5 x in radius. Distortions in the position of the transmission limb of the shells resulting from drive asymmetries are measured to an accuracy of a few {micro}ms, meeting requirements. The promising results to date allow us to compare measured and predicted distortions and by inference drive asymmetries for the first 4 asymmetry modes as a function of hohlraum illumination conditions.

Kirkwood, R K; Milovich, J; Bradley, D K; Schmitt, M; Goldman, S R; Kalantar, D H; Meeker, D; Jones, O S; Pollaine, S M; Amendt, P A; Dewald, E; Edwards, J; Landen, O L; Nikroo, A

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

358

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Overview. As part of its Energy and Financial Markets Initiative, EIA is assessing the various factors that may influence oil prices — physical market factors as ...

359

High planarity x-ray drive for ultrafast shockless-compression experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spatially planar ({delta}time/time{approx}0.2%) longitudinal stress drive extending over millimeter scale lengths is used to shocklessly compress an aluminum sample to a peak stress of 210 GPa over nanosecond time scales. Direct laser irradiation onto the inner wall of an Au halfraum creates an x ray distribution with a near-uniform blackbody temperature of up to 137 eV. The x rays ablate material from a low-Z foil in a region of planarity closely matched to the diameter of the halfraum. The resultant ablatively driven shock is converted into a ramp-stress-wave in a secondary aluminum target through unloading across an intermediate vacuum gap. Higher peak stresses and shorter associated risetimes result from increasing input laser energy. Ramp-compression experiments can provide single shot equation-of-state data close to the isentrope, information on the kinetics of phase transformations, and material strength at high pressures.

Smith, Raymond F.; Pollaine, Stephen M.; Moon, Stephen J.; Lorenz, K. Thomas; Celliers, Peter M.; Eggert, Jon H.; Park, Hye-Sook; Collins, Gilbert W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

Class, Race, and Higher Education in America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Century New England, St. Martin's Press, New York Fay, J.S.Higher Education in America Martin Trow Goldman School ofH.M. Laslett and Seymour Martin Lipset, eds (1974). provided

Trow, Martin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Modelling higher-order dual nondeterminacy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate models for programming and specifying in which higher-order functions and nondeterminacy (both demonic and angelic) coexist. The models are built using predicate transformers, binary multirelations, state transformers, and free lattices ...

Joseph M. Morris; Malcolm Tyrrell

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Refinement of higher-order logic programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A refinement calculus provides a method for transforming specifications to executable code, maintaining the correctness of the code with respect to its specification. In this paper we extend the refinement calculus for logic programs to include higher-order ...

Robert Colvin; Ian Hayes; David Hemer; Paul Strooper

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

From Higher Education To Work In West  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Work Participation And Average Annualized Wages Of Graduates From West Virginia Public Higher .................................................................................................1 Results By Year And Residency ........................................................................................22 Appendix I: Detailed Description Of Employment Data .........................................29

Mohaghegh, Shahab

364

Firm Size And Higher Education Graduate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Tables 1. West Virginia Public Higher Education Graduate Work Participation By Area Of Concentration .................................................................................................1 Employment And Annualized Wages By West Virginia Firm Employment Size.....................................................18 Appendix I: Detailed Description Of Employment Data .........................................19

Mohaghegh, Shahab

365

From Higher Education To Work In West  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Number Of Graduates By Area Of Concentration And Degree From W.Va. Public Higher Education .................................................................................................1 Results By Year, Experience, Residency, And Degree............................................4.....................................................34 Appendix I: Detailed Description Of Employment Data .........................................36

Mohaghegh, Shahab

366

High Efficiency Driving Electronics for General Illumination LED Luminaires  

SciTech Connect

New generation of standalone LED driver platforms developed, which are more efficient These LED Drivers are more efficient (?90%), smaller in size ( 0.15 in3/watt), lower in cost ( 12 cents/watt in high volumes in millions of units). And these products are very reliable having an operating life of over 50,000 hours. This technology will enable growth of LED light sources in the use. This will also help in energy saving and reducing total life cycle cost of LED units. Two topologies selected for next generation of LED drivers: 1) Value engineered single stage Flyback topology. This is suitable for low powered LED drivers up to 50W power. 2) Two stage boost power factor correction (PFC) plus LLC half bridge platform for higher powers. This topology is suitable for 40W to 300W LED drivers. Three new product platforms were developed to cover a wide range of LED drivers: 1) 120V 40W LED driver, 2) Intellivolt 75W LED driver, & 3) Intellivolt 150W LED driver. These are standalone LED drivers for rugged outdoor lighting applications. Based on these platforms number of products are developed and successfully introduced in the market place meeting key performance, size and cost goals.

Upadhyay, Anand

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

Rotating Black Holes in Higher Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The properties of higher-dimensional black holes can differ significantly from those of black holes in four dimensions, since neither the uniqueness theorem, nor the staticity theorem or the topological censorship theorem generalize to higher dimensions. We first discuss black holes of Einstein-Maxwell theory and Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory with spherical horizon topology. Here new types of stationary black holes are encountered. We then discuss nonuniform black strings and present evidence for a horizon topology changing transition.

Burkhard Kleihaus; Jutta Kunz; Francisco Navarro-Lerida

2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

368

Operation of the APS photoinjector drive laser sytem  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

07 07 Rev. 1, June 2008 Operation of the APS Photoinjector Drive Laser System Yuelin Li Abstract The APS photoinjector drive laser system has been in operation since 1999 and is achieving a performance level exceeding the requirement of stable operation of the LEUTL FEL system. One remarkable number is the UV energy stability of better than 2% rms, sometimes less than 1% rms. This report summarizes the operation experience of the laser system and the improvements made along the way. We also outline the route of upgrade of the system and some frontier laser research and development opportunities in ultrabright electron beam generation. I. Introduction A photoinjector is the only way to generate the high-brightness beams required by fourth-

369

Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for $1.14 Per Gallon for $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon June 11, 2013 - 7:30am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department today launched the eGallon - a quick and simple way for consumers to compare the costs of fueling electric vehicles vs. driving on gasoline. Today's national average eGallon price is about $1.14, meaning that a typical electric vehicle could travel as far on $1.14 worth of electricity as a similar vehicle could travel on a gallon of gasoline. "Consumers can see gasoline prices posted at the corner gas station, but are left in the dark on the cost of fueling an electric vehicle. The eGallon will bring greater transparency to vehicle operating costs, and help drivers figure out how much they might save on fuel by choosing an

370

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America December 6, 2011 - 2:12pm Addthis Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Who knew Escherichia coli (E. coli) could help America reduce its dependence on foreign oil? A breakthrough with the bacteria could make it cheaper to produce fuel from switchgrass -- an advanced biofuel with the

371

Airport Drive, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drive, Missouri: Energy Resources Drive, Missouri: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.1425588°, -94.5107824° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.1425588,"lon":-94.5107824,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

372

Optimizing Consumer Utility Systems to Drive Engagement and Action  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimizing Consumer Utility Systems to Drive Engagement and Action Optimizing Consumer Utility Systems to Drive Engagement and Action Speaker(s): Stephen Malloy V. Rory Jones Date: November 15, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Christopher Payne This presentation reviews a new software tool that recommends specific actions for homeowners and others to undertake to optimize their utility system configuration and operation. The tool, the "Utility System Optimizer" (USO), may be configured to optimize across all utilities (electricity, gas, water - and other fuels as propane, oil and wood) to meet objectives that are defined by the owner/operator (homeowner, retailer, etc.). Such objectives may be to maximize net wealth over time, to minimize carbon footprint for the best economics, to maximize health

373

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America December 6, 2011 - 2:12pm Addthis Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Who knew Escherichia coli (E. coli) could help America reduce its dependence on foreign oil? A breakthrough with the bacteria could make it cheaper to produce fuel from switchgrass -- an advanced biofuel with the

374

PHYSICS OF ELCTRON CYCLOTRON CURRENT DRIVE ON DIII-D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

OAK A271 PHYSICS OF ELCTRON CYCLOTRON CURRENT DRIVE ON DIII-D. Recent experiments on the DIII-D tokamak have focused on determining the effect of trapped particles on the electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD) efficiency. The measured ECCD efficiency increases as the deposition location is moved towards the inboard midplane or towards smaller minor radius for both co and counter injection. The measured ECCD efficiency also increases with increasing electron density and/or temperature. The experimental ECCD is compared to both the linear theory (Toray-GA) as well as a quasilinear Fokker-Planck model (CQL3D). The experimental ECCD is found to be in better agreement with the more complete Fokker-Planck calculation, especially for cases of high rf power density and/or loop voltage. The narrow width of the measured ECCD profile is consistent with only low levels of radial transport for the current carrying electrons.

PETTY,CC; PRATER,R; LUCE,TC; ELLIS,RA; HARVEY,RW; KINSEY,JE; LAO,LL; LOHR,J; MAKOWSKI,MA

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Role of Telomere Dysfunction in Driving Genomic Instability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Telomere Dysfunction in Driving Genomic Instability Telomere Dysfunction in Driving Genomic Instability Susan M. Bailey, Eli S. Williams and Robert L. Ullrich The mechanistic role of radiation-induced genomic instability in radiation carcinogenesis is an attractive hypothesis that remains to be rigorously tested. There are few in vivo studies on which to base judgments, but work in our laboratory with mouse models of radiogenic mammary neoplasia provided the first indications that certain inductive forms of genetically predisposed genomic instability may contribute to tumor development. The central goal of this research project is to more firmly establish the mechanistic basis of this radiation-associated genomic instability and, from this, to assess whether such induced instability might play a major role in tumorigenesis at low doses of low LET radiation. In the case of

376

Case Study: Driving Operational Changes Through an Energy Monitoring System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

monthly reporting, checklists, monthly reporting, checklists, energy targets, and feedback leads to effective organizational change. Driving Operational Changes Through an Energy Monitoring System In 2006, IBM launched a corporate efficiency program focused on basic operation im- provements in its diverse and far-flung real estate operations. The efficiency program had behavior change as a major focus. Examples of changes include the following: * IBM implemented a monthly energy reporting system for its various facilities where

377

What's driving Gigabit/sec channels  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the rationale for the drive towards Gigabit/sec communications for individual users. A description is given of a resulting prototype LAN which will deliver this capability to each user. The prototype is being built for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. It will be delivered this winter and should be available for users by the end of the first quarter of next year. 19 refs., 8 figs.

Rupert, P.R.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Extended cage adjustable speed electric motors and drive packages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rotor cage of a motor is extended, a second stator is coupled to this extended rotor cage, and the windings have the same number of poles. The motor torque and speed can be controlled by either injecting energy into or extracting energy out from the rotor cage. The motor produces less harmonics than existing doubly-fed motors. Consequently, a new type of low cost, high efficiency drive is produced.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Fast wave current drive on DIII-D  

SciTech Connect

The physics of electron heating and current drive with the fast magnetosonic wave has been demonstrated on DIII-D, in reasonable agreement with theoretical modeling. A recently completed upgrade to the fast wave capability should allow full noninductive current drive in steady state advanced confinement discharges and provide some current density profile control for the Advanced Tokamak Program. DIII-D now has three four-strap fast wave antennas and three transmitters, each with nominally 2 MW of generator power. Extensive experiments have been conducted with the first system, at 60 MHz, while the two newer systems have come into operation within the past year. The newer systems are configured for 60 to 120 MHz. The measured FWCD efficiency is found to increase linearly with electron temperature as {gamma} = 0.4 {times} 10{sup 18} T{sub eo} (keV) [A/m{sup 2}W], measured up to central electron temperature over 5 keV. A newly developed technique for determining the internal noninductive current density profile gives efficiencies in agreement with this scaling and profiles consistent with theoretical predictions. Full noninductive current drive at 170 kA was achieved in a discharge prepared by rampdown of the Ohmic current. Modulation of microwave reflectometry signals at the fast wave frequency is being used to investigate fast wave propagation and damping. Additionally, rf pick-up probes on the internal boundary of the vessel provide a comparison with ray tracing codes, with dear evidence for a toroidally directed wave with antenna phasing set for current drive. There is some experimental evidence for fast wave absorption by energetic beam ions at high cyclotron harmonic resonances.

deGrassie, J.S.; Petty, C.C.; Pinsker, R.I. [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Plasma driving system for a Tokamak Experimental Power Reactor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Tokamak Experimental Power Reactor is a device designed to operate at or near ignition with the potential for production of net power. It utilizes technology which either exists or can be achieved with a modest extrapolation from the present. The plasma driving systems, and their implications for energy storage and transfer technology are analyzed utilizing dynamic simulation of the plasma startup, burn and shutdown.

Mills, F.E.; Brooks, J.N.; Evans, K. Jr.; Kustom, R.L.; Stacey, W.M. Jr.; Wang, S.T.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Extended cage adjustable speed electric motors and drive packages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rotor cage of a motor is extended, a second stator is coupled to this extended rotor cage, and the windings have the same number of poles. The motor torque and speed can be controlled by either injecting energy into or extracting energy out from the rotor cage. The motor produces less harmonics than existing doubly-fed motors. Consequently, a new type of low cost, high efficiency drive is produced. 12 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

382

Permanent magnet quadrupoles for the CLIC Drive Beam decelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STFC in collaboration with CERN has developed a new type of adjustable permanent magnet based quadrupole for the CLIC Drive Beam Decelerator. It uses vertical movement of the permanent magnets to achieve an integrated gradient range of 3.6-14.6T, which will allow it to be used for the first 60% of the decelerator line. Construction of a prototype of this magnet has begun; following this, it will be measured magnetically at CERN and Daresbury Laboratory.

Shepherd, Ben; Collomb, Norbert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Adjustable Speed Drive (ASD) System Design Specifications Guide Book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents a comprehensive assessment of the applications of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) in motor-driven systems in commercial and industrial environments. The power electronics-type ASD is continuously improving process control. An ASD controls fluid, gas, material, or parts flow by controlling motor speed.BackgroundIn the past, conventional process flow control for liquids and gases used valves, vanes, dampers, or registers. In these systems, ...

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

384

A Drive Laser for Multi-Bunch Photoinjector Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous electron beam applications would benefit from increased average current without sacrificing beam brightness. Work is underway at LLNL to investigate the performance of X-band photoinjectors that would generate electron bunches at a rate matching the RF drive frequency, i.e. one bunch per RF cycle. A critical part of this effort involves development of photo-cathode drive laser technology. Here we present a new laser architecture that can generate pulse trains at repetition rates up to several GHz. This compact, fiber-based system is driven directly by the accelerator RF and so is inherently synchronized with the accelerating fields, and scales readily over a wide range of drive frequencies (L-band through X-band). The system will be required to produce 0.5 {mu}J, {approx}200 fs rise time, spatially and temporally shaped UV pulses designed to optimize the electron beam brightness. Presented is the current status of this system, producing 2 ps pulses from a continuous-wave source.

Gibson, D J; Cormier, E; Messerly, M J; Prantil, M A; Barty, C J

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

385

Lower-hybrid heating and current drive on PLT  

SciTech Connect

Steady currents up to 165 kA for 3.5 seconds and 420 kA for 0.3 seconds have been maintained by 800 MHz lower hybrid waves. For line-averaged densities up to 7 x 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ the current is maintained with no input power from the ohmic heating transformer. The waves are launched with an array of six waveguides. Measurements of X rays and electron cyclotron radiation show that the rf power produces and maintains a suprathermal tail of electrons apparently independent of the number of fast electrons in the plasma prior to turning on the rf power. Measurements of current-drive efficiency and the electron tail provide direct evidence for a resonant wave-particle interaction. The radial profile of the rf-sustained current inferred from x-ray measurements is peaked in the center of the plasma and appears to obey the same q-value restraints as the inductively driven ohmic heating current. Current drive is observed to be accompanied always by radiation at frequencies greater than or equal to ..omega../sub ce/ and less than or equal to ..omega../sub pe/. The connection between this radiation and the current-drive mechanism is under study.

Hooke, W.; Bernabei, S.; Boyd, D.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

GPS Data Filtration Method for Drive Cycle Analysis Applications  

SciTech Connect

When employing GPS data acquisition systems to capture vehicle drive-cycle information, a number of errors often appear in the raw data samples, such as sudden signal loss, extraneous or outlying data points, speed drifting, and signal white noise, all of which limit the quality of field data for use in downstream applications. Unaddressed, these errors significantly impact the reliability of source data and limit the effectiveness of traditional drive-cycle analysis approaches and vehicle simulation software. Without reliable speed and time information, the validity of derived metrics for drive cycles, such as acceleration, power, and distance, become questionable. This study explores some of the common sources of error present in raw onboard GPS data and presents a detailed filtering process designed to correct for these issues. Test data from both light and medium/heavy duty applications are examined to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed filtration process across the range of vehicle vocations. Graphical comparisons of raw and filtered cycles are presented, and statistical analyses are performed to determine the effects of the proposed filtration process on raw data. Finally, an evaluation of the overall benefits of data filtration on raw GPS data and present potential areas for continued research is presented.

Duran, A.; Earleywine, M.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Reducing the cost of top-drive installation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To equip an older jackup, the Offshore Mercury, with a completely workable and reliable top drive at minimum cost and without sacrificing performance, Sonat Offshore Drilling installed a power-swivel drilling system that did not require heightening or strengthening the derrick. An electronic crown protection system was installed to allow the driller use of all available reduced crown clearance, thereby increasing drilling safety by reducing the probability of accidentally running the traveling block into the crown. In addition, they modified the DC-DC drilling power equipment to create a completely functional and low-cost alternative to installing additional AC power-generating capacity and an SCR system. When planning a cost-effective top-drive installation on the Offshore Mercury, they recognized that the rig did not fit the average jackup profile: It has a DC-DC electric power drilling system and only a 140-ft (43-m) derrick, rather than the more common SCR system and 147-ft (45-m) derrick. From costs studies made up to the middle of 1991, they believed they could save a significant amount if it were possible to install and use a top drive in a 147-ft (45-m) or even a 140-ft (43-m) derrick without having to extend and strengthen the derrick. This paper reviews the design of this system and the effectiveness of its performance.

Hock, C.J. (Sonat Offshore Drilling Inc., Houston, TX (United States))

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An assessment of the various factors that may influence oil prices - physical market factors as well as those related to trading and financial markets. The analysis describes 7 key factors that could influence oil markets and explores possible linkages between each factor and oil prices, and includes regularly-updated graphs that depict aspects of those relationships.

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

389

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

390

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

391

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

392

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

393

The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity?...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? June 10, 2013 - 11:00pm Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs...

394

Experimental Demonstration of X-Ray Drive Enhancement with Rugby-Shaped Hohlraums  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rugby-shaped hohlraums have been suggested as a way to enhance x-ray drive in the indirect drive approach to inertial confinement fusion. This Letter presents an experimental comparison of rugby-shaped and cylinder hohlraums ...

Philippe, F.

395

Simulation of a novel electromechanical engine valve drive to quantify performance gains in fuel consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the modeling and simulation of a novel electromechanical valve drive known as the MIT EMV. This valve drive allows an engine to achieve variable valve timing which has been shown to produce improvements ...

Miller, Justin (Justin Lee)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

International Assessment of Electric-Drive Vehicles: Policies, Markets, and Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric-Drive Vehicles In the very early years of the automotive industry,electric-drive vehicles, especially battery-powered EVs The programs are almost aU in countries with major automotive manufacturing industries.

Sperling, Daniel; Lipman, Timothy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

A higher limit approach to homology theories.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lot of well-known functors such as group homology, cyclic homology of algebras can be described as limits of certain simply defined functors over categories of presentations. In this paper, we develop technique for the description of the higher limits over categories of presentations and show that certain homological functors can be described in this way. In particular, we give a description of Hochschild homology and the derived functors of tensor, symmetric and exterior powers in the sense of Dold and Puppe as higher limits.

Sergei O. Ivanov; Roman Mikhailov

398

QSO hosts and companions at higher redshifts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This review presents the current state of work on QSO hosts and companions at redshifts above 1. This includes the properties of QSO host galaxies, such as size, scale length, and luminosity, and morphology, as they appear to change with redshift and radio activity. This leads to a view of how the properties of galaxies that host QSOs change with cosmic time. I also review studies of the galaxy companions to QSOs at higher redshifts, and studies of the emission line gas in and around higher redshift QSOs. These topics should see great progress in the next decade.

J. B. Hutchings

2001-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

399

Dynamic Characteristic of the Drive Train of DFIG Wind Turbines during Grid Faults  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During a grid voltage drop ,a problem is resonances in the drive-train shaft between the wind turbine and induction generator. Disadvantageous effects caused by this are noticeable vibrations and high mechanical stresses due to torque oscillations. The ... Keywords: damping control, drive train model, drive train shaft, torque oscillation

Yao Xingjia; Liang Lizhe; Xing Zuoxia

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Damping Control Study of the Drive Train of DFIG Wind Turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, damping controller for dynamic and transient control of a variable speed wind turbine is presented.the phenomenon of drive train oscillations in wind turbines is discussed. It is illustrated how the damping controller is able to reduce ... Keywords: pitch damping, drive train shaft, torque oscillation, damping control, drive train model

Zuo-xia Xing; Li-zhe Liang; Heng-yi Guo; Xiao-dong Wang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Development of a questionnaire for identifying driver's personal values in driving  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The speed behavior of drivers is influenced by their personal driving values. It is assumed that these personal values may differ between drivers. In this paper, we describe the development of the Personal Driving Values (PDV) questionnaire. The questionnaire ... Keywords: driving behavior, motivation, questionnaire

Qonita Shahab, Jacques Terken, Berry Eggen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Direct-Drive Inertial Confinement Fusion Research at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

beams Relative size 240 ft National Ignition Facility (NIF) 1.8 MJ 192 beams NIF The National Ignition (NIF) is predicted to achieve high-gain (~40). · Direct drive targets are predicted to ignite on the NIF while it is in x-ray-drive configuration with polar direct drive (PDD). · Fully integrated fast

403

Influence of voltage drop to electric drive with induction motor and voltage sourced inverter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper solves problematic of immunity from the voltage drop of the power supply of the electric drive with induction motor with Voltage-Fed inverter. There are reflected opportune control algorithms for the quickly to change of working regime from ... Keywords: electric drive with induction motor, electric drive with voltage sourced inverter, voltage drop

P. Beneš; J. Fo?t; M. Pittermann

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Neuro-Fuzzy Controller of a Sensorless PM Motor Drive For Washing Machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algorithms to enable direct drive from permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motors[3]. #12;Among AC drives, the permanent magnet (PM) motors have became popular, due to its high torque to current ration, large powerNeuro-Fuzzy Controller of a Sensorless PM Motor Drive For Washing Machines Kasim M. Al

405

Large-scale battery system modeling and analysis for emerging electric-drive vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging electric-drive vehicles demonstrate the potential for significant reduction of petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Existing electric-drive vehicles typi- cally include a battery system consisting of thousands of Lithium-ion battery ... Keywords: analysis, battery system model, electric-drive vehicles

Kun Li; Jie Wu; Yifei Jiang; Zyad Hassan; Qin Lv; Li Shang; Dragan Maksimovic

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles Zhong Du1 , Leon M for electric/hybrid electric vehicles where each phase of a three-phase cascaded multilevel converter can vehicle motor drive applications and hybrid electric vehicle motor drive applications. Keywords: hybrid

Tolbert, Leon M.

407

Design of Electric Vehicles DC Traction Motor Drive System Based on Optimal Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The traditional electric vehicle DC motor drive system can not automatically weaken magnetic field. This paper designs DC motor drive system which control optimally the motor to meet the requirement. The study results show that: the drive system can ... Keywords: electric vehicles, DC motor, controller, optimal control

Yan Jun

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

General quantum key distribution in higher dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a general quantum key distribution protocol in higher dimension. In this protocol, quantum states in arbitrary g+1 (1?g?d) out of all d+1 mutually unbiased bases in a d-dimensional system can be used for the key ...

Shi, Han-Duo

409

Higher Order Differential Attack of Camellia (II)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Camellia is a 128-bit block cipher, proposed by NTT and Mitsubishi in 2000. It has been shown that 10 round variant without FL function under a 256-bit secret key is attackable by Higher Order Differential Attack and even if FL function is included, ...

Yasuo Hatano; Hiroki Sekine; Toshinobu Kaneko

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Complexity of the higher order matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use the standard encoding of Boolean values in simply typed lambda calculus to develop a method of translating SAT problems for various logics into higher order matching. We obtain this way already known NP-hardness bounds for the order two and three ...

Tomasz Wierzbicki

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Public Transit Use By Non-driving Disabled Persons: The Case Of The Blind And Vision Impaired  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transit Use by Non-Driving Disabled Persons: the Case of theTransit Use by Non-Driving Disabled Persons: The Case of theand movement potential of the disabled non-driving group. We

Golledge, R.; Costanzo, C. M.; Marston, J.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Sensitivity of NIF-scale backlit thin shell implosions to hohlraum symmetry in the foot of the ignition drive pulse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A necessary condition for igniting indirectly-driven inertial confinement fusion (ICF) spherical capsules on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) is controlling drive flux asymmetry to the 1% level time-integrated over the pulse and with Hauer, N. Delamater, D. Ress et al. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 672-7 (1995)], the midportion ({approx} 2-10 ns) has been shown to be amenable to detection by the in-flight shape of x-ray backlit thin shell capsules [Pollaine et. al., Physics of Plasmas 8 2357 (2001)]. In this paper, we present sensitivity studies conducted on the University of Rochester's OMEGA laser of the thin shell symmetry measurement technique at near NIF-scale for two candidate capsule ablator materials, Ge-doped CH and Cu-doped Be. These experiments use both point and area backlighting to cast 4.7 keV radiographs of thin 1.4 mm initial-diameter Ge-doped CH and Cu-doped Be shells when converged a factor of {approx} 0.5 x in radius. Distortions in the position of the transmission limb of the shells resulting from drive asymmetries are measured to an accuracy of a few {micro}ms, meeting requirements. The promising results to date allow us to compare measured and predicted distortions and by inference drive asymmetries for the first 4 asymmetry modes as a function of hohlraum illumination conditions.

Kirkwood, R K; Milovich, J; Bradley, D K; Schmitt, M; Goldman, S R; Kalantar, D H; Meeker, D; Jones, O S; Pollaine, S M; Amendt, P A; Dewald, E; Edwards, J; Landen, O L; Nikroo, A

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

413

A Five-Level Cascade Multilevel Inverter Three-Phase Motor Drive Using a Single DC Source  

SciTech Connect

A method is presented showing that a 5-level cascade multilevel inverter for a three-phase permanent magnet sychronous motor drive can be implemented using only a single DC link to supply a standard 3-leg inverter along with three full H-bridges supplied by capacitors. It is shown that the capacitor voltages can be regulated while achieving an output voltage waveform that is 20% greater than that obained using the standard 3-leg inverter alone. Finally conditions are given in terms of the power factor and modulation index that determine when the capacitor voltage can regulated.

Chiasson, J. N. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

A Five-Level Cascade Multilever Invertor Three-Phase Motor Drive Using a Single DC Source  

SciTech Connect

A method is presented showing that a 5-level cascade multilevel inverter for a three-phase permanent magnet synchronous motor drive can be implemented using only a single DC link to supply a standard 3-leg inverter along with three full H-bridges supplied by capacitors. It is shown that the capacitor voltages can be regulated while achieving an output voltage waveform that is 20% greater than that obtained using the standard 3-leg inverter alone. Finally conditions are given in terms of the power factor and modulation index that determine when the capacitor voltage can regulated.

Chiasson, J.N. (Univ. Tennessee-Knoxville)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

U.S. DRIVE Highlights of Technical Accomplishments 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 February 2012 Preface The U.S. DRIVE Partnership is a voluntary government-industry partnership focused on precompetitive, advanced automotive and related infrastructure technology research and development (R&D). Partners are the United States Department of Energy (DOE); the United States Council for Automotive Research LLC (USCAR), a consortium composed of Chrysler Group LLC, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Company; Tesla Motors; five energy companies (BP America, Chevron Corporation, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil Corporation, and Shell Oil Products US); two electric utilities, DTE Energy and Southern California Edison; and the Electric Power Research Institute.

416

FTIR spectrometer with solid-state drive system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An FTIR spectrometer (10) and method using a solid-state drive system with thermally responsive members (27) that are subject to expansion upon heating and to contraction upon cooling. Such members (27) are assembled in the device (10) so as to move an angled, reflective surface (22) a small distance. The sample light beam (13) is received at a detector (24) along with a reference light beam (13) and there it is combined into a resulting signal. This allows the "interference" between the two beams to occur for spectral analysis by a processor (29).

Rajic, Slobodan (Knoxville, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Egert, Charles M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

High transformer ratio drive beams for wakefield accelerator studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For wakefield based acceleration schemes, use of an asymmetric (or linearly ramped) drive bunch current profile has been predicted to enhance the transformer ratio and generate large accelerating wakes. We discuss plans and initial results for producing such bunches using the 20 to 23 GeV electron beam at the FACET facility at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and sending them through plasmas and dielectric tubes to generate transformer ratios greater than 2 (the limit for symmetric bunches). The scheme proposed utilizes the final FACET chicane compressor and transverse collimation to shape the longitudinal phase space of the beam.

England, R. J.; Ng, C.-K.; Frederico, J.; Hogan, M. J.; Litos, M.; Muggli, P.; Joshi, C.; An, W.; Andonian, G.; Mori, W.; Lu, W. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Max Planck Institute for Physics, 80805 Munich (Germany); University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Tsinghua University, Beijing (China)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

418

Indirect Drive Warm-Loaded Ignition Target Design  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the Indirect Drive Warm-Loaded Ignition Target design. These targets either use a fill tube or the capsule is strong enough to withstand the room temperature pressure of the DT fuel. Only features that affect the design of the NIF Cryogenic Target System (NCTS) are presented. The design presented is the current thinking and may evolve further. The NCTS should be designed to accommodate a range of targets and target scales, as described here. The interface location between the target and the NCTS cryostat is at the target base / gripper joint, the tamping gas gland/gland joint, and the electrical plug/receptacle joint.

Bernat, T P; Gibson, C R

2004-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

419

Fluid equations in the presence of electron cyclotron current drive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two-fluid equations, which include the physics imparted by an externally applied radiofrequency source near electron cyclotron resonance, are derived in their extended magnetohydrodynamic forms using the formalism of Hegna and Callen [Phys. Plasmas 16, 112501 (2009)]. The equations are compatible with the closed fluid/drift-kinetic model developed by Ramos [Phys. Plasmas 17, 082502 (2010); 18, 102506 (2011)] for fusion-relevant regimes with low collisionality and slow dynamics, and they facilitate the development of advanced computational models for electron cyclotron current drive-induced suppression of neoclassical tearing modes.

Jenkins, Thomas G.; Kruger, Scott E. [Tech-X Corporation, 5621 Arapahoe Avenue, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Linear hydraulic drive system for a Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

A hydraulic drive system operating from the periodic pressure wave produced by a Stirling engine along a first axis thereof and effecting transfer of power from the Stirling engine to a load apparatus therefor and wherein the movable, or working member of the load apparatus is reciprocatingly driven along an axis substantially at right angles to the first axis to achieve an arrangement of a Stirling engine and load apparatus assembly which is much shorter and the components of the load apparatus more readily accessible. 2 figs.

Walsh, M.M.

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Linear hydraulic drive system for a Stirling engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydraulic drive system operating from the periodic pressure wave produced by a Stirling engine along a first axis thereof and effecting transfer of power from the Stirling engine to a load apparatus therefor and wherein the movable, or working member of the load apparatus is reciprocatingly driven along an axis substantially at right angles to the first axis to achieve an arrangement of a Stirling engine and load apparatus assembly which is much shorter and the components of the load apparatus more readily accessible.

Walsh, Michael M. (Schenectady, NY)

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

422

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Qualified Plug-In Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section...

423

Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

David (Dave) Warren David (Dave) Warren Field Technical Manager Transportation Materials Research Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 2009, M/S 8050 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-8050 Phone: 865-574-9693 Fax: 865-574-0740 Email: WarrenCD@ORNL.GOV Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber 14 February 2011 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Questions for Today Materials How can the cost of carbon fiber suitable for higher performance applications (H 2 Storage) be developed? H 2 Storage requirements implies Aerospace grade fibers. Can we build off of work previously done for more modest structural applications? To accurately answer: We need to know the minimum performance and maximum cost requirements of the fiber not simply the properties of current fiber.

424

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles.

Bauman, Bernard D. (Emmaus, PA); Williams, Mark A. (Souderton, PA); Bagheri, Reza (Bethlehem, PA)

1997-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

425

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles. 2 figures.

McInnis, E.L.; Scharff, R.P.; Bauman, B.D.; Williams, M.A.

1995-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

426

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles. 2 figs.

Bauman, B.D.; Williams, M.A.; Bagheri, R.

1997-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

427

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles.

McInnis, Edwin L. (Allentown, PA); Bauman, Bernard D. (Emmaus, PA); Williams, Mark A. (Souderton, PA)

1996-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

428

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles. 2 figs.

McInnis, E.L.; Bauman, B.D.; Williams, M.A.

1996-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

429

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles.

McInnis, Edwin L. (Allentown, PA); Scharff, Robert P. (Louisville, KY); Bauman, Bernard D. (Emmaus, PA); Williams, Mark A. (Souderton, PA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Higher Education: Who Benefits? WHAT IS THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Little argument exists about the societal and personal value of education. The more complicated question is who benefits from, and therefore who pays for, higher education. Both the community and the individual benefit from education; this complicates the funding equation as to how much society and the individual should pay. If students had to pay the full price of education, too few would be able or willing to pay because the immediate personal

unknown authors

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

RF heating and current drive on NSTX with high  

SciTech Connect

NSTX is a small aspect ratio tokamak (R = 0.85 m, a = 0.65 m). The High Harmonic Fast Wave (HHFW) system is a 30 MHz, 12-element array capable of launching both symmetric and directional wave spectra for plasma heating and non-inductive current drive. It has delivered up to 6 MW for short pulses and has routinely operated at ~3 MW for 100-400 ms pulses. Results include strong, centrally-peaked electron heating in both D and He plasmas for both high and low phase velocity spectra. H-modes were obtained with application of HHFW power alone, with stored energy doubling after the L-H transition. Beta poloidal as large as unity has been obtained with significant fractions (0.4) of bootstrap current. Differences in the loop voltage are observed depending on whether the array is phased to drive current in the co- or counter-current directions. A fast ion tail with energies extending up to 140 keV has been observed when HHFW interacts with 80 keV neutral beams; neutron rate and lost ion measurements, as well as modeling, indicate significant power absorption by the fast ions. Radial rf power deposition and driven current profiles have been calculated with ray tracing and kinetic full-wave codes and compared with measurements.

Ryan, Philip Michael [ORNL; Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Modular PM Motor Drives for Automotive Traction Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents modular permanent magnet (PM) motor drives for automotive traction applications. A partially modularized drive system consisting of a single PM motor and multiple inverters is described. The motor has multiple three-phase stator winding sets and each winding set is driven with a separate three-phase inverter module. A truly modularized inverter and motor configuration based on an axial-gap PM motor is then introduced, in which identical PM motor modules are mounted on a common shaft and each motor module is powered by a separate inverter module. The advantages of the modular approach for both inverter and motor include: (1) power rating scalability--one design meets different power requirements by simply stacking an adequate number of modules, thus avoiding redesigning and reducing the development cost, (2) increased fault tolerance, and (3) easy repairing. A prototype was constructed by using two inverters and an axial-gap PM motor with two sets of three-phase stat or windings, and it is used to assist the diesel engine in a hybrid electric vehicle converted from a Chevrolet Suburban. The effect of different pulse-width-modulation strategies for both motoring and regenerative modes on current control is analyzed. Torque and regenerative control algorithms are implemented with a digital signal processor. Analytical and initial testing results are included in the paper.

Su, G.J.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

433

Electron cyclotron heating and current drive in toroidal geometry  

SciTech Connect

The Principal Investigator has continued to work on problems associated both with the deposition and with the emission of electron cyclotron power in toroidal plasmas. We have investigated the use of electron cyclotron resonance heating for bringing compact tokamaks (BPX) to ignition-like parameters. This requires that we continue to refine the modeling capability of the TORCH code linked with the BALDUR 1 {1/2} D transport code. Using this computational tool, we have examined the dependence of ignition on heating and transport employing both theoretical (multi-mode) and empirically based transport models. The work on current drive focused on the suppression of tearing modes near the q = 2 surface and sawteeth near the q = 1 surface. Electron cyclotron current drive in CIT near the q =2 surface was evaluated for a launch scenario where electron cyclotron power was launched near the equatorial plane. The work on suppression of sawteeth has been oriented toward understanding the suppression that has been observed in a number of tokamaks, in particular, in the WT-3 tokamak in Kyoto. To evaluate the changes in current profile (shear) near the q =1 surface, simulations have been carried out using the linked BALDUR-TORCH code. We consider effects on shear resulting both from wave-induced current as well as from changes in conductivity associated with changes in local temperature. Abstracts and a paper relating to this work is included in Appendix A.

Kritz, A.H.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Trust, Markets and Accountability in Higher Education: A Comparative Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that European and American higher education are currentlyfor Studies in Higher Education UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION: A COMPARATIVE

Trow, Martin

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Carnegie Commission and Council on Higher Education: A Retrospective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND COUNCIL ON HIGHER EDUCATION: A RETROSPECTIVE * Novemberfor Studies in Higher Education, UC Berkeley Copyright 2005Carnegie Commission on Higher Education under the auspices

Douglass, John Aubrey

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Recent Racial Incidents in Higher Education: A Contemporary Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Racial Incidents in Higher Education 1987b. "King Wants1988. "Hispanics Higher Education's Missing People." Change12-65. Chronicle of Higher Education. 1987. "Racial Brawl

Farrell, Walter C. Jr.; Jones, Cloyzelle K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

AFTER BROWNE: The New Competitive Regime for English Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s Proposals for Higher Education Funding and StudentAn Analysis Oxford: Higher Education Policy Institute.and Medow, J. (2010) Global Higher Education Rankings 2010:

Roger Brown

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

An Emerging View on Accountability in American Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accountability in Higher Education: Lessons from the PastStates and Public Higher Education Policy: Affordability,and Privatization in Public Higher Education. ” Washington,

Leveille, David E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

International Trends in Higher Education and the Indian Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Higher Education, Spring. CSHE Research &Dynamics of Private Higher Education in the United States:and Public Policy. ” Higher Education Policy 3(2): 9-12.

Gupta, Asha

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

European Responses to Global Competitiveness in Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptations of European Higher Education Systems in theDiversity in Higher Education. Jossey-Bass Publishers,2005). The European Higher Education and Research Landscape

Marijk van der Wende

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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441

From Mass Higher Education to Universal Access: The American Advantage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transition from Elite to Mass Higher Education”, op. cit.impact of mass on elite higher education, see Trow, M. , “Elite Higher Education: An Endangered Species? ”, Minerva,

Trow, Martin A

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The Disruptive Dialogue Project: Crafting Critical Space in Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

faculty work: Higher education’s strategic imperative. Sanfor the Study of Higher Education, Anaheim, CA. *Carducci,the public agenda for higher education. Symposium presented

Carducci, Rozana; Kuntz, Aaron M.; Gildersleeve, Ryan Evely; Pasque, Penny A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

THE ROLES OF RADIATION AND RAM PRESSURE IN DRIVING GALACTIC WINDS  

SciTech Connect

We study gaseous outflows from disk galaxies driven by the combined effects of ram pressure on cold gas clouds and radiation pressure on dust grains. Taking into account the gravity due to disk, bulge, and dark matter halo, and assuming continuous star formation in the disk, we show that radiation or ram pressure alone is not sufficient to drive escaping winds from disk galaxies and that both processes contribute. We show that in the parameter space of star formation rate (SFR) and rotation speed of galaxies the wind speed in galaxies with rotation speeds v{sub c} {<=} 200 km s{sup -1} and SFR {<=} 100 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1} has a larger contribution from ram pressure, and that in high-mass galaxies with large SFR radiation from the disk has a greater role in driving galactic winds. The ratio of wind speed to circular speed can be approximated as v{sub w} / v{sub c} {approx} 10{sup 0.7}, [SFR/50{sub Sun }yr{sup -1}]{sup 0.4} [v{sub c}/120 km s{sup -1}]{sup -1.25}. We show that this conclusion is borne out by observations of galactic winds at low and high redshift and also of circumgalactic gas. We also estimate the mass loading factors under the combined effect of ram and radiation pressure, and show that the ratio of mass-loss rate to SFR scales roughly as v{sup -1}{sub c}{Sigma}{sub g}{sup -1}, where {Sigma}{sub g} is the gas column density in the disk.

Sharma, Mahavir; Nath, Biman B., E-mail: mahavir@rri.res.in, E-mail: biman@rri.res.in [Raman Research Institute, Sadashiva Nagar, Bangalore 560 080 (India)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Clean Cities Drive Vol 4 Issue 1 May 1997  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Cities Cities to the eighth issue of the I I U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Clean Cities Drive. Each issue 1 1 of the newsletter will bring you valuable information from the Clean Cities program to help you succeed I I in putting more alternative fuel vehi- cles onto our roads. If you have a I I story to tell, a picture to share, or information of interest to Clean Cities I I participants, call the Clean Cities I I L / National Partners to Be Honored at Clean Cities Stakeholders' Conference The Mid-Continent Trade Corridor .............. : The West .................................................. ; n . . rl . f i l l r 1. e. .. " LNG Trucks to Fleet 4 Coordinators' Corner 5 EV Market Launch New York Richmond R n c t n n DOE Comments on Proposed Priva

445

Microsoft Word - Lin_flow_drive_v2.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yijun Lin Yijun Lin ylin@psfc.mit.edu 617-253-8706 New Method for Driving Flows in Plasmas Demonstrated Plasma flows, driven by mode-converted waves in the ion-cyclotron range of frequencies, have been demonstrated for the first time. In the latest experimental campaign of the Alcator C-Mod tokamak, we have demonstrated, for the first time, that significant toroidal and poloidal plasma flow can be driven by rf waves. The experiments launched waves with a frequency of 50 MHz into plasmas consisting of deuterium and helium-3 (the isotope of helium with atomic mass of 3) and a magnetic field around 5.1 Tesla. The rf wave undergoes a process called "mode conversion" inside the plasma. During the mode conversion process, the launched rf wave slows down, its wavelength becomes shorter, and the wave is converted from the

446

Bagdad Plant Raymond J. Polinski 585 Silicon Drive General Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bagdad Plant Raymond J. Polinski Bagdad Plant Raymond J. Polinski 585 Silicon Drive General Manager Leechburg, PA 15656 Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel e-mail: Raymond.Polinski@ATImetals.com E. Below are Allegheny Technologies Incorporated's comments on certain issues in which the DOE sought comment. 17. DOE seeks comment on nanotechnology composites and their potential for use in distribution transformers. Soft magnetic and amorphous particles with excellent magnetic properties can be and are currently produced, but the insulating matrix required to eliminate short-circuit paths dissipate power at the operating frequencies for power distribution transformers (50/60 Hz). Such transformer cores are currently only used for high-frequency applications where significant

447

Driving Battery Production in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Battery Production in Ohio Battery Production in Ohio Driving Battery Production in Ohio November 1, 2010 - 6:19pm Addthis Randy Turk, Elyria Site Manager; Rep. Betty Sutton (OH); Frank Bozich, President Catalysts, BASF and Patrick Davis, DOE Program Manager participate in groundbreaking ceremony for BASF battery materials plant in Elyria, Ohio | Photo Courtesy of Nat Clymer Photography, LLC | Randy Turk, Elyria Site Manager; Rep. Betty Sutton (OH); Frank Bozich, President Catalysts, BASF and Patrick Davis, DOE Program Manager participate in groundbreaking ceremony for BASF battery materials plant in Elyria, Ohio | Photo Courtesy of Nat Clymer Photography, LLC | Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Last week, I traveled to Elyria, Ohio (not far from Cleveland and the Rock

448

The APS direct-drive pulsed septum magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Photon Source (APS) consists of four separate machines: linac, booster, positron accumulator ring (PAR) and storage ring (SR), plus three transfer lines interconnecting the machines. At least one thin, pulsed septum magnet is located at each splice joint. The stray field tolerances for two of these septum magnets are very stringent. As an example, for clean operation during the proposed top-up mode in the storage ring, the stray fields from the septum magnet must not exceed 1 G-m. The septum wall thickness must also not exceed 2.4 mm. To meet these requirements, direct-drive septum magnets with magnetic shield pipe around the stored beam region were developed and built. These magnets have now been tested and installed, and are used in daily operation. We describe the magnet(s) design, the measurement results, the actual operation, and performance.

Sheynin, S.; Lopez, F.; Milton, S.V.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Rim-drive cable-aligned heliostat collector system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a heliostat collector apparatus comprising at least one heliostat suspended from a plurality of longitudinally extending linkage means. An enclosure structure is disposed adjacent the heliostat and provides a means for allowing the heliostat to be substantially protected from weathering. A first drive means is operatively connected to the heliostat to effect steering thereof in at least one of first and second predetermined directions. Finally, a frame member is adapted for supporting the heliostat at an inner portion thereof. The frame includes a plurality of outer expandable portions. Each one of the expandable portions is adapted to slidably engage a corresponding one of the plurality of linkage means. The expandable portions are further adapted to allow the heliostat to be slidably moved along the linkage means in directions away from and towards the enclosure structure and to substantially reduce stress acting on the heliostat during steering.

Dolan, J.E.; Sands, T.D.

1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

450

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox.

Tankersley, Jerome B. (Fredericksburg, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA); Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox. 6 figures.

Tankersley, J.B.; Boothe, R.W.; Konrad, C.E.

1995-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

452

Electric vehicle drive train with rollback detection and compensation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes a controller for detecting and compensating for vehicle rollback, as when the vehicle is started upward on an incline. The vehicle includes an electric motor rotatable in opposite directions corresponding to opposite directions of vehicle movement. A gear selector permits the driver to select an intended or desired direction of vehicle movement. If a speed and rotational sensor associated with the motor indicates vehicle movement opposite to the intended direction of vehicle movement, the motor is driven to a torque output magnitude as a nonconstant function of the rollback speed to counteract the vehicle rollback. The torque function may be either a linear function of speed or a function of the speed squared.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Electric vehicle drive train with rollback detection and compensation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes a controller for detecting and compensating for vehicle rollback, as when the vehicle is started upward on an incline. The vehicle includes an electric motor rotatable in opposite directions corresponding to opposite directions of vehicle movement. A gear selector permits the driver to select an intended or desired direction of vehicle movement. If a speed and rotational sensor associated with the motor indicates vehicle movement opposite to the intended direction of vehicle movement, the motor is driven to a torque output magnitude as a nonconstant function of the rollback speed to counteract the vehicle rollback. The torque function may be either a linear function of speed or a function of the speed squared. 6 figures.

Konrad, C.E.

1994-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

454

Clean Cities Drive Vol 3 Issue 3 - Summer 1996  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

I I to the sixth issue of the U.S. I I Department of Energy's [DOE) Clean Cities Drive. Each issue of the newsletter will bring you valuable information from the Clean Cities pro- I 1 gram to help you succeed in putting more alternative fuel vehicles ( A M ) 11 onto our roads. If you have a story to ( I tell, a p i h r e to share, or information of interest to Clean Cities participants, 1 1 please call h e Clean Cities Hotline at 1 -800-CCITIES. 1 1 5 Journal: An Electric Vehicle Road Trip Airports Provide a Centerpiece for Clean Cities Programs Alternative Fuels Take to the Skies fnlifnrnin I l c a c Tarhnnlnnv tn Funnnd the Fueling Network 8 Police Departments Hot on the Trail o Cleaner Vehicles 9 Clean Cities a "Dream Job" for D Program Manager

455

Conventional and fuzzy PI control of voltage-source inverter-fed induction motor drive for electric vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: adaptive control, control algorithm, electric vehicle, fuzzy control, inverter drive system

Tadeusz Stefanski

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Performance evaluation of a permanent magnet brushless DC linear drive for high-speed machining using finite element analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: FEA, coupled magneto-thermal, electric field, electromagnetic, linear motor drives, magnetic field, static

George Abdou; William Tereshkovich

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: U.S. DRIVE Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mission and Goals Mission and Goals Organization Chart and Contacts Background U.S. DRIVE Partnership Budget Timeline Program Activities Advisory Panels External Coordination U.S. Department of Energy Search help Home > About > Background > U.S. DRIVE Partnership Printable Version U.S. DRIVE Partnership The U.S. DRIVE Partnership is a collaborative effort among DOE and companies from the automotive, fuels, and electric utility industries, focused on advanced automotive and related infrastructure technology research and development. U.S. DRIVE Logo The U.S. DRIVE partners are: Automobile industry: U.S. Council for Automotive Research LLC (USCAR, the cooperative research organization for Chrysler Group, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Company); Tesla Motors Electric utility industry: DTE Energy Company, Southern California

458

#LabChat: Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles, Dec. 13 at 2 pm ET |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

#LabChat: Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles, Dec. 13 at 2 #LabChat: Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles, Dec. 13 at 2 pm ET #LabChat: Innovations Driving More Efficient Vehicles, Dec. 13 at 2 pm ET December 11, 2012 - 10:09am Q&A Researchers are developing technologies that will help consumers drive farther using less fuel. Have questions? Ask us here or on #LabChat. Ask Us Addthis What improvements are making vehicles drive farther? Learn about the technologies that are increasing vehicle efficiency. What improvements are making vehicles drive farther? Learn about the technologies that are increasing vehicle efficiency. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Tweet your questions to @ENERGY using #LabChat. Send questions via email to NewMedia@hq.doe.gov.

459

HIGHER EDUCATION FACILITIES MANAGEMENT: READY FOR INTERNATIONALIZATION?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The last ten years has seen dramatic growth in Facilities Management (FM) activities worldwide, including Malaysia. Facilities Management is responsible for coordinating all efforts related to planning, designing and managing physical structure and it equipment, furniture and fixtures to improve the organization’s ability to compete successfully in a fast changing world. The facilities of a Higher Education Institution (HEI) like Universiti Teknologi Malaysia are one of its most valuable assets and must be manage properly in order to meet the need of the Institution’s end-user (Local and International students). This research provides essential concept on the application of facility management in general and specific emphasis on Higher Education facilities like library, class rooms, transportation services, catering services among others. The purpose of this study is to identify and assess whether the facilities provided in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) meet the International students’ requirement and recommend measure necessary to meet the shortfalls of these requirements. 210 questionnaires were administered to seven colleges and quantitative analysis technique was used in the analysis of the result. The finding shows 70% of the respondents (male and female) are satisfied and comfortable with the academic facilities which include (Library, class rooms) however, 30% were not. Similarly, 65% of the respondents said the transportation service (bus) on campus is inefficient. Finding also shows that 55% and 85% of the respondents complained on road signage and catering services. On college facilities, between 58% and 70% of the respondents are satisfied with the college facilities (rooms, desk, bed, sport facilities, parking space). Results indicate that 70% of the respondents complained of the chair provided in their rooms (not to ergonomic standards). Overall result shows that 65% of the respondents are satisfied with the campus facilities while 35% are not satisfied.

Aizuddin, N.; Yahya, M.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Greening academia: Developing sustainable waste management at Higher Education Institutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are often the size of small municipalities. Worldwide, the higher education (HE) sector has expanded phenomenally; for example, since the 1960s, the United Kingdom (UK) HE system has expanded sixfold to >2.4 million students. As a consequence, the overall production of waste at HEIs throughout the world is very large and presents significant challenges as the associated legislative, economic and environmental pressures can be difficult to control and manage. This paper critically reviews why sustainable waste management has become a key issue for the worldwide HE sector to address and describes some of the benefits, barriers, practical and logistical problems. As a practical illustration of some of the issues and problems, the four-phase waste management strategy developed over 15 years by one of the largest universities in Southern England - the University of Southampton (UoS) - is outlined as a case study. The UoS is committed to protecting the environment by developing practices that are safe, sustainable and environmentally friendly and has developed a practical, staged approach to manage waste in an increasingly sustainable fashion. At each stage, the approach taken to the development of infrastructure (I), service provision (S) and behavior change (B) is explained, taking into account the Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) factors. Signposts to lessons learned, good practice and useful resources that other institutions - both nationally and internationally - can access are provided. As a result of the strategy developed at the UoS, from 2004 to 2008 waste costs fell by around Pounds 125k and a recycling rate of 72% was achieved. The holistic approach taken - recognizing the PESTLE factors and the importance of a concerted ISB approach - provides a realistic, successful and practical example for other institutions wishing to effectively and sustainably manage their waste.

Zhang, N. [School of Civil Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, University Rd., Highfield, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Williams, I.D., E-mail: idw@soton.ac.uk [School of Civil Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, University Rd., Highfield, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Kemp, S. [School of Civil Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, University Rd., Highfield, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Smith, N.F. [Estates and Facilities Management, University of Southampton, University Rd., Highfield, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Progressive Dynamical Drive Train Modeling as Part of NREL Gearbox Reliability Collaborative: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Gearbox Reliabiity Collaborative seeks to integrate several numerical models into the wind turbine drive train design process. This paper describes these models.

Oyague, F.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Paramagnetic spin-up of a field reversed configuration with rotating magnetic field current drive.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A transverse Rotating Magnetic Field (RMF) can drive toroidal current and sustain the poloidal flux of a Field Reversed Configuration (FRC) through the application of… (more)

Peter, Andrew Maxwell

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Coupled simulation of an indirect field oriented controlled induction motor drive.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Conventionally, system simulations of induction motor drives use lumped parameters model of the motor. This approach assumes motor parameters to be constant during the entire… (more)

Legesse, Michael.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Depletion and harvesting thermal energy from actuator arm electronics in hard disk drives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In recent years, thermally assistive magnetic recording (TAMR) has been applied on actuator arm electronics (AE) in hard disk drive (HDD). When HDD operates, temperature… (more)

Wu, Di

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

TransForum v8n2 - Drive Cycle Impact on PHEVs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

studied the impact of drive cycles on the component requirements of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Results showed that vehicles designed to satisy the urban...

466

Initial rotor position estimation for low saliency interior permanent-magnet synchronous motor drives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work presents an initial rotor position estimation method for low saliency interior permanent-magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) drives. The method injects signals into the stationary… (more)

Yang, Yan.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Impacts of Cooling Technology on Solder Fatigue for Power Modules in Electric Traction Drive Vehicles: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Describes three power module cooling topologies for electric traction drive vehicles: two advanced options using jet impingement cooling and one option using pin-fin liquid cooling.

O' Keefe, M.; Vlahinos, A.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Progressive Dynamical Drive Train Modeling as Part of NREL Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Gearbox Reliabiity Collaborative seeks to integrate several numerical models into the wind turbine drive train design process. This paper decribes these models.

Oyague, F.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

What is Driving Changes in the Tropospheric Circulation? New Insights from Simplified Models.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis seeks an improved understanding of what has been driving changes in the large scale tropospheric circulation. First, we consider the effects of stratospheric… (more)

Tandon, Neil Francis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

International Assessment of Electric-Drive Vehicles: Policies, Markets, and Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. (1995), Future Drive Electric Vehicles and Sustainable1996), "The Case for Electric Vehicles," Sclent~c American,Emissions Impacts of Electric Vehicles," Journal of the Alr

Sperling, Daniel; Lipman, Timothy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Microsoft PowerPoint - Smart INL - EV Project Nissan Leaf Driving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging Behavior Observed Early in The EV Project The EV Project John Smart, Idaho National Laboratory Stephen Schey, ECOtality North America 1...

472

High planarity x-ray drive for ultra-fast shockless-compression experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spatially-planar ({Delta}time/time {approx} 0.2%) longitudinal stress drive extending over millimeter scale lengths is used to shocklessly compress an aluminum sample to a peak stress of 210 GPa over nanosecond timescales. Direct laser irradiation onto the inner wall of an Au halfraum creates an x ray distribution with a near-uniform blackbody temperature of up to 137eV. The x rays ablate material from a low-Z foil in a region of planarity closely matched to the diameter of the halfraum. The resultant ablatively-driven shock is converted into a ramp-stress-wave in a secondary aluminum target through unloading across an intermediate vacuum-gap. Higher peak ramp stresses and shorter associated rise-times result from increasing input laser energy. Ramp-compression experiments can provide single shot equation-of-state data close to the isentrope, information on the kinetics of phase transformations and material strength at high pressures.

Smith, R; Pollaine, S; Moon, S; Lorenz, K T; Celliers, P; Eggert, J; Park, H; Collins, G

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

473

Demonstration and Optimization of a Drive Laser for an X-Band Photoinjector  

SciTech Connect

Recently, a drive laser for an S-band (2.86 GHz) rf photoinjector, designed to provide a pulse that has a flat temporal and spatial profile, has been built, commissioned, and put into service as part of the LLNL Compton-scattering monoenergetic {gamma}-ray source program. This laser is based on an all-fiber oscillator and front-end amplification system, and provides both the laser light to generate the electrons as well as the rf signal that is amplified to accelerate them. Now, a new 11.424 GHz photoinjector is being developed, which has required a revised design for the laser system. The higher frequency has placed more stringent requirements on the synchronization stability, delivered pulse length, and pulse rise times to maintain the desired emittance. Presented here are the overall design and measured performance of the current system and a discussion of what changes are being made to address observed shortcomings and more demanding requirements to make the system ready for the next-generation Compton-scattering monoenergetic {gamma}-ray source.

Gibson, D J; Anderson, S G; Betts, S M; Messerly, M J; Phan, H H; Shverdin, M Y; Hartemann, F V; Siders, C W; Barty, C J

2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

474

Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System  

SciTech Connect

The 2004 Toyota Prius is a hybrid automobile equipped with a gasoline engine and a battery- and generator-powered electric motor. Both of these motive-power sources are capable of providing mechanical-drive power for the vehicle. The engine can deliver a peak-power output of 57 kilowatts (kW) at 5000 revolutions per minute (rpm) while the motor can deliver a peak-power output of 50 kW over the speed range of 1200-1540 rpm. Together, this engine-motor combination has a specified peak-power output of 82 kW at a vehicle speed of 85 kilometers per hour (km/h). In operation, the 2004 Prius exhibits superior fuel economy compared to conventionally powered automobiles. To acquire knowledge and thereby improve understanding of the propulsion technology used in the 2004 Prius, a full range of design characterization studies were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical characteristics of the 2004 Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. These characterization studies included (1) a design review, (2) a packaging and fabrication assessment, (3) bench-top electrical tests, (4) back-electromotive force (emf) and locked rotor tests, (5) loss tests, (6) thermal tests at elevated temperatures, and most recently (7) full-design-range performance testing in a controlled laboratory environment. This final test effectively mapped the electrical and thermal results for motor/inverter operation over the full range of speeds and shaft loads that these assemblies are designed for in the Prius vehicle operations. This testing was undertaken by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) program through its vehicle systems technologies subprogram. The thermal tests at elevated temperatures were conducted late in 2004, and this report does not discuss this testing in detail. The thermal tests explored the derating of the Prius motor design if operated at temperatures as high as is normally encountered in a vehicle engine. The continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures are projected from test data at 900 rpm. A separate, comprehensive report on this thermal control study is available [1].

Staunton, Robert H [ORNL; Ayers, Curtis William [ORNL; Chiasson, J. N. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System  

SciTech Connect

The 2004 Toyota Prius is a hybrid automobile equipped with a gasoline engine and a battery- and generator-powered electric motor. Both of these motive-power sources are capable of providing mechanical-drive power for the vehicle. The engine can deliver a peak-power output of 57 kilowatts (kW) at 5000 revolutions per minute (rpm) while the motor can deliver a peak-power output of 50 kW over the speed range of 1200-1540 rpm. Together, this engine-motor combination has a specified peak-power output of 82 kW at a vehicle speed of 85 kilometers per hour (km/h). In operation, the 2004 Prius exhibits superior fuel economy compared to conventionally powered automobiles. To acquire knowledge and thereby improve understanding of the propulsion technology used in the 2004 Prius, a full range of design characterization studies were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical characteristics of the 2004 Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. These characterization studies included (1) a design review, (2) a packaging and fabrication assessment, (3) bench-top electrical tests, (4) back-electromotive force (emf) and locked rotor tests, (5) loss tests, (6) thermal tests at elevated temperatures, and most recently (7) full-design-range performance testing in a controlled laboratory environment. This final test effectively mapped the electrical and thermal results for motor/inverter operation over the full range of speeds and shaft loads that these assemblies are designed for in the Prius vehicle operations. This testing was undertaken by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) program through its vehicle systems technologies subprogram. The thermal tests at elevated temperatures were conducted late in 2004, and this report does not discuss this testing in detail. The thermal tests explored the derating of the Prius motor design if operated at temperatures as high as is normally encountered in a vehicle engine. The continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures are projected from test data at 900 rpm. A separate, comprehensive report on this thermal control study is available [1].

Staunton, R.H.; Ayers, C.W.; Chiasson, J.N. (U Tennessee-Knoxville); Burress, B.A. (ORISE); Marlino, L.D.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Comparison of Battery Life Across Real-World Automotive Drive-Cycles (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laboratories run around-the-clock aging tests to try to understand as quickly as possible how long new Li-ion battery designs will last under certain duty cycles. These tests may include factors such as duty cycles, climate, battery power profiles, and battery stress statistics. Such tests are generally accelerated and do not consider possible dwell time at high temperatures and states-of-charge. Battery life-predictive models provide guidance as to how long Li-ion batteries may last under real-world electric-drive vehicle applications. Worst-case aging scenarios are extracted from hundreds of real-world duty cycles developed from vehicle travel surveys. Vehicles examined included PHEV10 and PHEV40 EDVs under fixed (28 degrees C), limited cooling (forced ambient temperature), and aggressive cooling (20 degrees C chilled liquid) scenarios using either nightly charging or opportunity charging. The results show that battery life expectancy is 7.8 - 13.2 years for the PHEV10 using a nightly charge in Phoenix, AZ (hot climate), and that the 'aggressive' cooling scenario can extend battery life by 1-3 years, while the 'limited' cooling scenario shortens battery life by 1-2 years. Frequent (opportunity) charging can reduce battery life by 1 year for the PHEV10, while frequent charging can extend battery life by one-half year.

Smith, K.; Earleywine, M.; Wood, E.; Pesaran, A.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Investigation of lower hybrid wave coupling and current drive experiments at different configurations in experimental advanced superconducting tokamak  

SciTech Connect

Using a 2 MW 2.45 GHz lower hybrid wave (LHW) system installed in experimental advanced superconducting tokamak, we have systematically carried out LHW-plasma coupling and lower hybrid current drive experiments in both divertor (double null and lower single null) and limiter plasma configuration with plasma current (I{sub p}) {approx} 250 kA and central line averaged density (n{sub e}) {approx} 1.0-1.3 x 10{sup 19} m{sup -3} recently. Results show that the reflection coefficient (RC) first is flat up to some distance between plasma and LHW grill, and then increases with the distance. Studies indicate that with the same plasma parameters, the best coupling is obtained in the limiter case (with plasma leaning on the inner wall), followed by the lower single null, and the one with the worst coupling is the double null configuration, explained by different magnetic connection length. The RCs in the different poloidal rows show that they have different coupling characteristics, possibly due to local magnetic connection length. Current drive efficiency has been investigated by a least squares fit with N{sub //}{sup peak}=2.1, where N{sub //}{sup peak} is the peak value of parallel refractive index of the launched wave. Results show that there is no obvious difference in the current drive efficiency between double null and lower single null cases, whereas the efficiency is somewhat small in the limiter configuration. This is in agreement with the ray tracing/Fokker-Planck code simulation by LUKE/C3PO and can be interpreted by the power spectrum up-shift factor in different plasma configurations. A transformer recharge is realized with {approx}0.8 MW LHW power and the energy conversion efficiency from LHW to poloidal field energy is about 2%.

Ding, B. J.; Qin, Y. L.; Li, W. K.; Li, M. H.; Kong, E. H.; Zhang, L.; Wang, M.; Xu, H. D.; Hu, H. C.; Xu, G. S.; Shan, J. F.; Liu, F. K.; Zhao, Y. P.; Wan, B. N.; Li, J. G.; Group, EAST [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Ekedahl, A.; Peysson, Y.; Decker, J. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul-Lez-Durance (France)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Clean Cities Drive Vol 3 Issue 2 - Spring 1996  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

to the fifth issue of the U.S. to the fifth issue of the U.S. 1 w"" Department of Energy's (DOE) Clean Cities Drive. Each issue of the I I newsletter will bring you valuable information from the Clean Cities pro- I I gram to help you succeed in putting more alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) I I onto our roads. If you have a story to 1 1 tell, a picture to share, or information of interest to Clean Cities participants, 1 1 please call the Clean Cities Hodine at 1 -800-CCITIES. 1 1 1 Technical and Training Centers Meet Clean Cities' Needs for Skilled Mechanics I NEW M E X I C O SETS EXAMPL C O N N E C I I C U T COLLEGE GETS S E R I O U S NEW T R A I N I N G STANDARDS RELEASED 3 Stakeholders' Corner FOR SOME STAKEHOLDERS, AFVS ARE JUST PART OF T H E I R B I G GREEN P I C T U R Total Petroleum's Cash for Clunkers

479

Lower Hybrid Current Drive Experiments in Alcator C-Mod  

SciTech Connect

A Lower Hybrid Current Drive (LHCD) system has been installed on the Alcator C-MOD tokamak at MIT. Twelve klystrons at 4.6 GHz feed a 4x22 waveguide array. This system was designed for maximum flexibility in the launched parallel wave-number spectrum. This flexibility allows tailoring of the lower hybrid deposition under a variety of plasma conditions. Power levels up to 900 kW have been injected into the tokomak. The parallel wave number has been varied over a wide range, n|| ~ 1.6–4. Driven currents have been inferred from magnetic measurements by extrapolating to zero loop voltage and by direct comparison to Fisch-Karney theory, yielding an efficiency of n20IR/P ~ 0.3. Modeling using the CQL3D code supports these efficiencies. Sawtooth oscillations vanish, accompanied with peaking of the electron temperature (Te0 rises from 2.8 to 3.8 keV). Central q is inferred to rise above unity from the collapse of the sawtooth inversion radius, indicating off-axis cd as expected. Measurements of non-thermal x-ray and electron cyclotron emission confirm the presence of a significant fast electron population that varies with phase and plasma density. The x-ray emission is observed to be radialy broader than that predicted by simple ray tracing codes. Possible explanations for this broader emission include fast electron diffusion or broader deposition than simple ray tracing predictions (perhaps due to diffractive effects).

J.R. Wilson, S. Bernabei, P. Bonoli, A. Hubbard, R. Parker, A. Schmidt, G. Wallace, J. Wright, and the Alcator C-Mod Team

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

480

Gas Powered Air Conditioning Absorption vs. Engine-Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It used to be that the only alternative to costly electric air conditioning was the double-effect gas-fired absorption chiller/heaters. Beginning in the 1980's, they were the "star" equipment promoted by gas companies throughout the nation. Although not a new technology at the time, neither was the gas engine. But now in the 19901s, gas engine-drive (GED) chillers have "hit" the air conditioning market with a "bang". In the Lone Star Gas Company area in 1995, GED chillers are now being considered in as many projects as are Absorption. units. Where once the only studies being analyzed were absorption vs. electric chiller operation costs. Now, the choice is: Why, Where, and How to choose between gas fired Absorption and GED chillers. WHY Absorption or Engine ? . Absorption uses the most environmentally friendly refrigerant - water. . Absorption chillers are chiller/heaters Absorption chillers are manufactured by the four US major manufacturers Absorption chillers have few moving parts . Engine chillers provide "free" hot water Engine chillers retrofit with DX systems . Engine chillers use less gas per ton WHERE Do Absorption And Engine Chillers Belong? . Absorption: Office buildings, restaurants, industries, churches, universities . Engine: Hospitals, universities, hotels, apartments, industries HOW To Choose Between Absorption And Engine Chillers? Energy cost Operation and maintenance costs Equipment cost Environmental concerns Thermal requirements . Space requirements Staff experience

Phillips, J. N.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factors driving higher" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Fuel Economy Driver Interfaces: Driving Simulator Study of Component Concepts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fuel economy driver interface (FEDI) gives a driver an indication of fuel usage or efficiency. Many passenger vehicles in recent model years have FEDIs and they have been included in some vehicle models for decades. FEDIs present fuel economy information in a variety of forms. Some show fuel economy in miles per gallon (mpg) while others provide a relative measure of economy or provide an alert if fuel economy is especially poor. The appearances of FEDIs vary drastically between vehicle makes and models. FEDIs can provide numerical output, analog or digital gauges, bar charts, illuminator lamps, and a variety of other display features. With the recent emergence of high-resolution LCD screens in cars, detailed and complex color displays are possible, and these make feasible a variety of new FEDI concepts. FEDIs may even include vehicle-adaptive features that influence some aspect of vehicle performance in response to inefficient driver behaviors. While FEDIs have the potential to encourage efficient and safe driving, it is possible that the displays themselves might cause distraction at the expense

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

DC switching regulated power supply for driving an inductive load  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power supply for driving an inductive load current from a dc power supply hrough a regulator circuit including a bridge arrangement of diodes and switching transistors controlled by a servo controller which regulates switching in response to the load current to maintain a selected load current. First and second opposite legs of the bridge are formed by first and second parallel-connected transistor arrays, respectively, while the third and fourth legs of the bridge are formed by appropriately connected first and second parallel connected diode arrays, respectively. The regulator may be operated in three "stages" or modes: (1) For current runup in the load, both first and second transistor switch arrays are turned "on" and current is supplied to the load through both transistor arrays. (2) When load current reaches the desired level, the first switch is turned "off", and load current "flywheels" through the second switch array and the fourth leg diode array connecting the second switch array in series with the load. Current is maintained by alternating between modes 1 and 2 at a suitable duty cycle and switching rate set by the controller. (3) Rapid current rundown is accomplished by turning both switch arrays "off", allowing load current to be dumped back into the source through the third and fourth diode arrays connecting the source in series opposition with the load to recover energy from the inductive load. The three operating states are controlled automatically by the controller.

Dyer, George R. (Norris, TN)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Thermal Infrared Exposure of Cryogenic Indirect Drive ICF Targets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cryogenic inertial confinement fusion targets at the National Ignition Facility and the Laser Megajoule will be protected from thermal infrared radiation by a cold shroud. As the shroud is removed just before the laser pulse, infrared radiation will heat and possibly degrade the symmetry of the solid hydrogen fuel layer. A lumped component mathematical model has been constructed to calculate how long an indirect drive target can be exposed to thermal radiation before the fuel layer degrades. The allowed exposure time sets the maximum shroud removal time and therefore has important implications for the design of the cryogenic shroud systems. The model predicts that the maximum exposure time is approximately 0.18 s for plastic capsules inside hohlraums with transparent laser entrance holes. By covering the laser entrance holes with a partially reflective coating, the exposure time can be increased to approximately 1 s. The exposure time can be increased to about 2 s by using beryllium capsules. Several other design concepts could increase the exposure time even further. Lengthening of the allowed exposure time to 1 s or longer could allow a significant cost savings for the shroud system.

London, R A; Moody, J D; Sanchez, J J; Sater, J D; Haid, B J; Bittner, D N

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

484

Optimization of direct drive induction motors for electric ship propulsion with high speed propellers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct drive electric ship propulsion can offer increased flexibility and reduced overall fuel consumption compared to geared mechanical systems [Davis 1987, Doerry 2007]. As a well-established technology, induction motors are a dependable and economical ... Keywords: AC motors, induction motor drives, induction motors, thermal analysis

S. C. Englebretson; J. L. Kirtley, Jr; C. Chryssostomidis

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Parallel Magnetic Flow Electromagnet for Movable Coil Control-rod Driving Mechanism  

SciTech Connect

The parallel magnetic flow electromagnet can effectively relax the saturation, which easily takes place in the single magnetic flow electromagnet, and accordingly can improve the drive capacity of the movable coil electromagnet drive mechanism for a mobile reactor control rod. (authors)

Jige, Zhang [School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030, P.R.China, 1954 Huashan road, Shanghai (China)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Modern automatic system for the optimization of the electrical drives for working machines with mechanical branches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After a consequent adjustable electric drives experience, once with establish of the analysis desiderata's, during of prepares and experimentations time, there are selected some few problems who underlie this work definition. This paper brings some contributions ... Keywords: electric drive system, flux bearing, frequency converter, speed adjustment of a high power asynchronous motor, system for adjustment speed to asynchronous motor

Mihail-Florin Stan; Marcel Ionel; Octavian-Marcel Ionel

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

OMEGA ICF experiments and preparation for direct drive ignition on NIF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OMEGA ICF experiments and preparation for direct drive ignition on NIF R.L. McCrorya , R.E. Bahra) is investigating various theoretical aspects of a direct drive National Ignition Facility (NIF) ignition target equivalent to those planned for the NIF. The current experimental studies on OMEGA address the essential

488

Study on Regenerative Brake Method of Hybrid Electric Drive System of Armored Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aiming at characteristics of regenerative brake of hybrid electric drive system of tracked armored vehicle, mechanism of regenerative brake by pulse width modulation is in-depth analyzed, motor speed, brake current, feedback current, feedback energy ... Keywords: hybrid electric drive, motor, regenerative brake

Li Hua; Zhong Meng-chun; Zhang Jian; Xu Da; Lin Hai

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Paper Number Development of a Hydro-Mechanical Hydraulic Hybrid Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a passenger car. The developed hydro-mechanical drive train enables independent control of the torque at eachPaper Number Development of a Hydro-Mechanical Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Train with Independent Wheel for the Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power at the University of Minnesota. The hydro-mechanical hybrid

Li, Perry Y.

490

Brief paper: Multi-frequency disturbance rejection via blending control technique for hard disk drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the rejection of multiple narrowband disturbances in hard disk drives (HDDs). Inspired by a control blending idea, the multi-frequency disturbance rejection is formulated as a blending control problem. Each disturbance rejection ... Keywords: Blending control, H2 control, Hard disk drives, Servo control, Vibration rejection

Chunling Du; Lihua Xie; F. L. Lewis; Youyi Wang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Current Drive and Heating on ARIES-RS/AT, and FIRE-AT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

requirement, a critical element in systems analysis for the power plant economics. · Select most viable Drive Scenarios for ARIES-RS/AT 1-GWe Power Plants ARIES-AT requires much less current drive power than - Choice of wave launchers · RFCD assessment for FIRE AT modes, based on ARIES experience: - without wall

492

A robust forced dynamic sliding mode minimum energy position controller for permanent magnet synchronous motor drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a contribution towards improving the environment, a new position controller for vector controlled electric drives employing permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) is presented that achieves approximately 27% less frictional energy loss than a ... Keywords: forced dynamic control, minimum energy manoeuvres, sliding mode control, synchronous motor drives

Stephen J. Dodds; Gunaratnam. Sooriyakumar; Roy Perryman

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Texting while driving on automatic: Considering the frequency-independent side of habit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study tested the potential of the frequency-independent components of habit, or automaticity, to predict the rate of texting while driving. A survey of 441 college students at a large American university was conducted utilizing a frequency-independent ... Keywords: Automaticity, Driving, Habit, Mobile, Phones, Texting

Joseph B. Bayer; Scott W. Campbell

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-58636 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Water Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Tengfang Xu Contents HVAC.................................................................................................................................... 6 #12;HVAC Water Systems Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Summary Cleanroom energy benchmarking data

495

2010 Google -Map data 2010 Google, Sanborn -Driving directions to St Peter Claver School  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

©2010 Google - Map data ©2010 Google, Sanborn - Driving directions to St Peter Claver School (504.google.com/maps?client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:e... 1 of 2 9/2/10 10:45 AM #12;Hide