Sample records for factors decision aid

  1. Computer-Aided Decision Support

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    intelligence technology to help teams achieve remarkable group collaboration and enhance organizational brainstorming and decision-making. The electronic decision analysis...

  2. Computer-aided decision making for Medical Device Reporting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jih-Horn

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and answer the questions'- "What to do, How, and When?" MDRSOFT, a computer-aided decision making aid for medical de ricr reporting, attempts to capture dynamic problem- solving knowledge through modeling man processed decision making in the domain...

  3. Adaptive Peircean decision aid project summary assessments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senglaub, Michael E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This efforts objective was to identify and hybridize a suite of technologies enabling the development of predictive decision aids for use principally in combat environments but also in any complex information terrain. The technologies required included formal concept analysis for knowledge representation and information operations, Peircean reasoning to support hypothesis generation, Mill's's canons to begin defining information operators that support the first two technologies and co-evolutionary game theory to provide the environment/domain to assess predictions from the reasoning engines. The intended application domain is the IED problem because of its inherent evolutionary nature. While a fully functioning integrated algorithm was not achieved the hybridization and demonstration of the technologies was accomplished and demonstration of utility provided for a number of ancillary queries.

  4. The simulation model Porsim Decision aid in pig production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The simulation model « Porsim » Decision aid in pig production O. TEFFENE Y. SALA?N LT.P., Domaine de la Motte-au- Vicomte, B.P. 3, 35650 Le Rheu France A pig production simulation model (Porsim

  5. Decision making process and factors routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yichen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research studies the decision-making process and the factors that affect truck routing. The data collection involved intercept interviews with truck drivers at three rest area and truck stops along major highways in ...

  6. Product Reviews in Mobile Decision Aid Systems Rene T.A. Wietsma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricci, Francesco

    Product Reviews in Mobile Decision Aid Systems Ren´e T.A. Wietsma and Francesco Ricci e- bile product recommender system which incorporates both structured (supplier driven) product://ectrl.itc.it ABSTRACT Recommender systems provide decision aid and information filtering functions that have a great

  7. Development of the resource model for the Decision Aids for Tunneling (DAT)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Min, Sangyoon, 1973-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Decision Aids for Tunneling (DAT) are a computer based method with which distributions of tunnel construction time and cost as well as required and produced resources can be estimated considering uncertainties in ...

  8. aid decision tool: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Topic Index 121 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  9. Decision trees and integrated features for computer aided mammographic screening

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kegelmeyer, W.P. Jr.; Groshong, B.; Allmen, M.; Woods, K.

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Breast cancer is a serious problem, which in the United States causes 43,000 deaths a year, eventually striking 1 in 9 women. Early detection is the only effective countermeasure, and mass mammography screening is the only reliable means for early detection. Mass screening has many shortcomings which could be addressed by a computer-aided mammographic screening system. Accordingly, we have applied the pattern recognition methods developed in earlier investigations of speculated lesions in mammograms to the detection of microcalcifications and circumscribed masses, generating new, more rigorous and uniform methods for the detection of both those signs. We have also improved the pattern recognition methods themselves, through the development of a new approach to combinations of multiple classifiers.

  10. A risk-based decision-aiding tool for waste disposal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiner, R.F.; Reiser, A.S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Elcock, C.G.; Nevins, S. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N-CART (the National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program Cost Analysis and Risk Tool) is being developed to aid in low-risk, cost-effective, timely management of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, and can therefore be used in management of mixed waste. N-CART provides evaluation of multiple alternatives and presents the consequences of proposed waste management activities in a clear and concise format. N-CART`s decision-aiding analyses include comparisons and sensitivity analyses of multiple alternatives and allows the user to perform quick turn-around {open_quotes}what if{close_quotes} studies to investigate various scenarios. Uncertainties in data (such as cost and schedule of various activities) are represented as distributions. N-CART centralizes documentation of the bases of program alternatives and program decisions, thereby supporting responses to stakeholders concerns. The initial N-CART design considers regulatory requirements, costs, and schedules for alternative courses of action. The final design will include risks (public health, occupational, economic, scheduling), economic benefits, and the impacts of secondary waste generation. An optimization tool is being incorporated that allows the user to specify the relative importance of cost, time risks, and other bases for decisions. The N-CART prototype can be used to compare the costs and schedules of disposal alternatives for mixed low-level radioactive waste (MLLW) and greater-than-Class-C (GTCC) waste, as well as spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and related scrap material.

  11. A prototype decision aid for evaluating and selecting R&D proposals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Ayat, R.A.; Lamont, A.; Sicherman, A.

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a prototype decision aid which has been developed to assist the Institutional Research and Development (IR&D) Committee in selecting proposals for funding. This tool was requested to help address the following concerns about the IR&D proposal selection process: Some good proposals might be overlooked simply because no one on the Committee advocates them forcefully. The process takes a lot of time. The final portfolio of proposals selected may not maximize the long-run benefits to the Laboratory. These concerns stem from the observation that there is no formal framework for making distinctions between proposals, or weighing and comparing those distinctions. It was felt that the process could be improved by a framework that: Provides explicit descriptors that Committee members can use to evaluate and compare different features of proposals. Encourages the Committee to use a uniform, systematic scheme for evaluating the proposals. Helps the Committee focus more quickly on the issues that are truly relevant for distinguishing between proposals.

  12. Decision-Making Aid Tool for the Evaluation and Improvement of the Energy Performance of Stock of Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Lahrech, R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the most adapted one to develop each functionality of the decision- making aid tool for the evaluation and improvement of the energy performance of stock of buildings. Existing methods The Table 1 [1] & [4] shows a brief comparison between... buildings and distribute whole consumptions on end uses. Figure 3 shows the process used to validate the Benchmarking method. Simulations will be carried out with the SIMBAD Toolbox according to the stock data to evaluate energy consumptions...

  13. The Design of an IEP Decision Aid: A Tool for Diverse Parents of Children with Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuttler, Jessica Oeth

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Decision-making is a universal process that occurs constantly in life. Parent participation in educational decision-making is recognized as important by special education law, by special education and school psychology ...

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - aid drilling decisions Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Drilling Work Plan for Well R-25c LA-UR-08-0337 1 February 2008 Summary: water supply to aid in delivery of other drilling additives QUIK-FOAM, a blend of alcohol...

  15. Computer-Aided Dispatch System as a Decision Making Tool in Public and Private Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, I-Jen

    We describe in detail seven distinct areas in both public and private sectors in which a real-time computer-aided dispatch system is applicable to the allocation of scarce resources. Characteristics of a real-time ...

  16. Gaussian Quadrature for computer aided robust design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reber, Geoffrey Scott, 1979-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer aided design has allowed many design decisions to be made before hardware is built through "virtual" prototypes: computer simulations of an engineering design. To produce robust systems noise factors must also be ...

  17. Communication Factors Affecting African Policymakers' Decisions about Agricultural Biotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begashaw, Belay Ejigu

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to develop a model for impacting decisions on agricultural biotechnology practices in food production among African policymakers. The research focused on three African countries, namely, South Africa, Malawi and Ghana...

  18. A Multiattribute Utility Analysis of Sites Nominated For Characterization For the First Radioactive Waste Repository- A Decision Aiding Methodology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In December 1984, the Department of Energy (DOE) published draft environmental assessments (EAs) to support the proposed nomination of five sites and the recommendation of three sites for characterization for the first radioactive-waste repository. A chapter common to all the draft EAs (Chapter 7) presented rankings of the five sites against the postclosure and the preclosure technical siting guidelines. To determine which three sites appeared most favorable for recommendation for characterization, three simple quantitative methods were used to aggregate the rankings assigned to each site for the various technical guidelines. In response to numerous comments on the methods, the DOE has undertaken a formal application of one of them (hereafter referred to as the decision-aiding methodology) for the purpose of obtaining a more rigorous evaluation of the nominated sites.

  19. Recruitment Experiences and Decision Factors of High School Science Teachers in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Rasheedah 1978-

    2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    student enrollment profile (MSEP) and size of school. The second study explores reasons for teachers' decisions to accept their positions. New-to-school teachers indicated 12 categories of reasons. Subjective factors relating to non-pecuniary aspects...

  20. Students' Perceptions of Food and Factors That Influence Purchasing Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Lindsay Marie

    2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    be accessed from your bed via smart phones, tablets, or computers while watching television, people are connected to media. Before the Internet boom, current news and information was found via newspapers and on television. Now, news is accessible twenty..., & Gardner, 2009). They make decisions based on personal experiences, what they learned in college, and information presented to them by the media. Since the majority of college students become independent after graduation and inherit students loans...

  1. The impact of electricity market schemes on predictability being a decision factor in the wind farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    The impact of electricity market schemes on predictability being a decision factor in the wind farm used criterion of capacity factor on the investment phase of a wind farm and on spatial planning, it is now recognized that accurate short-term forecasts of wind farms power output over the next few hours

  2. The impact of electricity market schemes on predictability being a decision factor in the wind farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    The impact of electricity market schemes on predictability being a decision factor in the wind farm of capacity factor on the investment phase of a wind farm and on spatial planning in an electricity market, it is now recognized that accurate short-term forecasts of wind farms power output over the next few hours

  3. Assessment of wind power predictability as a decision factor in the investment phase of wind farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Assessment of wind power predictability as a decision factor in the investment phase of wind farms Antipolis, France. Abstract The ability to predict wind power production over the next few hours to days is prerequisites for the secure and economic operation of power systems with high wind power penetration. From

  4. Introducing new uncertainty theories into decision-aid methods: application to expert assessment of natural risks in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    dam, information imperfection, reliability, expert assessment, multicriteria decision analysis, fuzzy two contexts, it is essential to provide methods and tools to make risk management the most safe and efficient as possible. These tools are used either by stakeholders or infrastructures managers. Decision

  5. Waste-to-energy in the United States: Socioeconomic factors and the decision-making process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T.R.; Schexnayder, S.M.; Vogt, D.P.; Wolfe, A.K.; Kelsay, M.P.; Feldman, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion with energy recovery, commonly called waste-to-energy (WTE), was adopted by many US communities during the 1980s to manage their growing quantities of MSW. Although less than one percent of all US MSW was burned to retrieve its heat energy in 1970, WTE grew to account for 16 percent of MSW in 1990, and many experts forecasted that WTE would be used to manage as much as half of all garbage by the turn of the century. However, the growth of WTE has been reduced in recent years by project cancellations. This study takes an in-depth look at the socioeconomic factors that have played a role in the decisions of communities that have considered WTE as a component of their solid waste management strategies. More specifically, a three-pronged approach is adopted to investigate (1) the relationships between a municipality`s decision to consider and accept/reject WTE and key socioeconomic parameters, (2) the potential impacts of recent changes in financial markets on the viability of WTE, and (3) the WTE decision-making process and the socioeconomic parameters that are most important in the municipality`s decision. The first two objectives are met by the collection and analysis of aggregate data on all US WTE initiatives during the 1982 to 1990 time frame. The latter objective is met by way of four in-depth case studies -- two directed at communities that have accepted WTE and two that have cancelled WTE projects.

  6. Risk identification and assessment in a risk based audit environment: the effects of budget constraints and decision aid use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Michelle Chandler

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    . In particular, this approach has important implications for risk identification and risk assessment. The success of the RBA approach is contingent on understanding what factors improve or interfere with the accuracy of these risk judgments. I examine how budget...

  7. What Factors Affect the Decision to Invest in a Fuel Ethanol Plant? A Structural Model of the Ethanol Investment Timing Game1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    1 What Factors Affect the Decision to Invest in a Fuel Ethanol Plant? A Structural Model of the Ethanol Investment Timing Game1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Fujin Yi Abstract The decision to invest in building an ethanol plant that uses a particular feedstock is a dynamic decision that may be affected by economic

  8. The second iteration of the Systems Prioritization Method: A systems prioritization and decision-aiding tool for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Volume 3, Analysis for final programmatic recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prindle, N.H.; Boak, D.M.; Weiner, R.F. [and others] [and others

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems Prioritization Method (SPM) is a decision-aiding tool developed by Sandia National Laboratories for the US DOE Carlsbad Area Office (DOE/CAO). This tool provides an analytical basis for programmatic decision making for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). SPM integrates decision-analysis techniques, performance,a nd risk-assessment tools, and advanced information technology. Potential outcomes of proposed activities and combination of activities are used to calculate a probability of demonstrating compliance (PDC) with selected regulations. The results are presented in a decision matrix showing cost, duration, and maximum PDC for all activities in a given cost and duration category. This is the third and final volume in the series which presents the analysis for final programmatic recommendations.

  9. 4, 20352071, 2007 Open-GIS decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HESSD 4, 2035­2071, 2007 Open-GIS decision aid system for the Bistrita River Basin M. C. Trifu et System Sciences Development of an Open-GIS decision aid system for ecological and economical management, France 2035 #12;HESSD 4, 2035­2071, 2007 Open-GIS decision aid system for the Bistrita River Basin M. C

  10. The second iteration of the Systems Prioritization Method: A systems prioritization and decision-aiding tool for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Volume 2, Summary of technical input and model implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prindle, N.H.; Mendenhall, F.T.; Trauth, K.; Boak, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Beyeler, W. [Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hora, S. [Hawaii Univ., Hilo, HI (United States); Rudeen, D. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Systems Prioritization Method (SPM) is a decision-aiding tool developed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). SPM provides an analytical basis for supporting programmatic decisions for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) to meet selected portions of the applicable US EPA long-term performance regulations. The first iteration of SPM (SPM-1), the prototype for SPM< was completed in 1994. It served as a benchmark and a test bed for developing the tools needed for the second iteration of SPM (SPM-2). SPM-2, completed in 1995, is intended for programmatic decision making. This is Volume II of the three-volume final report of the second iteration of the SPM. It describes the technical input and model implementation for SPM-2, and presents the SPM-2 technical baseline and the activities, activity outcomes, outcome probabilities, and the input parameters for SPM-2 analysis.

  11. NRC Reviewer Aid for Evaluating the Human Factors Engineering Aspects of Small Modular Reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    OHara J. M.; Higgins, J.C.

    2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Small modular reactors (SMRs) are a promising approach to meeting future energy needs. Although the electrical output of an individual SMR is relatively small compared to that of typical commercial nuclear plants, they can be grouped to produce as much energy as a utility demands. Furthermore, SMRs can be used for other purposes, such as producing hydrogen and generating process heat. The design characteristics of many SMRs differ from those of current conventional plants and may require a distinct concept of operations (ConOps). The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) conducted research to examine the human factors engineering (HFE) and the operational aspects of SMRs. The research identified thirty potential human-performance issues that should be considered in the NRC's reviews of SMR designs and in future research activities. The purpose of this report is to support NRC HFE reviewers of SMR applications by identifying some of the questions that can be asked of applicants whose designs have characteristics identified in the issues. The questions for each issue were identified and organized based on the review elements and guidance contained in Chapter 18 of the Standard Review Plan (NUREG-0800), and the Human Factors Engineering Program Review Model (NUREG-0711).

  12. The second iteration of the Systems Prioritization Method: A systems prioritization and decision-aiding tool for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Volume 1, Synopsis of method and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prindle, N.H.; Mendenhall, F.T.; Boak, D.M. [and others

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In March 1994, the US Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office (DOE/CAO) embarked on an effort to design and implement a performance- based decision-aiding tool to provide an analytical basis for planning, prioritizing, and selecting programmatic options for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This tool, called Systems Prioritization Method (SPM) defines the most viable combinations of scientific investigations, engineered alternatives (EAs), and waste acceptance criteria (WAC) for supporting the final WIPP compliance application. The scope of SPM is restricted to selected portions of applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) long-term performance regulations. SPM calculates the probabilities of certain sets of activities demonstrating compliance with various regulations. SPM provides results in the form of a decision matrix to identify cost-effective programmatic paths with a high probability of successfully demonstrating compliance.

  13. Examining Decision-Making Regarding Environmental Information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marble, Julie Lynne; Medema, Heather Dawne; Hill, Susan Gardiner

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eight participants were asked to view a computer-based multimedia presentation on an environmental phenomenon. Participants were asked to play a role as a senior aide to a national legislator. In this role, they were told that the legislator had asked them to review a multimedia presentation regarding the hypoxic zone phenomenon in the Gulf of Mexico. Their task in assuming the role of a senior aide was to decide how important a problem this issue was to the United States as a whole, and the proportion of the legislators research budget that should be devoted to study of the problem. The presentation was divided into 7 segments, each containing some new information not contained in the previous segments. After viewing each segment, participants were asked to indicate how close they were to making a decision and how certain they were that their current opinion would be their final decision. After indicating their current state of decision-making, participants were interviewed regarding the factors affecting their decision-making. Of interest was the process by which participants moved toward a decision. This experiment revealed a number of possible directions for future research. There appeared to be two approaches to decision-making: Some decision-makers moved steadily toward a decision, and occasionally reversed decisions after viewing information, while others abruptly reached a decision after a certain time period spent reviewing the information. Although the difference in estimates of distance to decisions did not differ statistically for these two groups, that difference was reflected in the participants estimates of confidence that their current opinion would be their final decision. The interviews revealed that the primary difference between these two groups was in their trade-offs between willingness to spend time in information search and the acquisition of new information. Participants who were less confident about their final decision, tended to be the same group of participants who moved slowly toward a decision. These participants also tended to indicate that acquisition of information was more critical than the amount of time spent on the information search. The second group tended to form a set of specific questions for which they desired specific answers. This group was more likely to demonstrate a significant reduction in their distance to a decision much earlier than the first group. In addition, this group tended to be very confident of their final decision and indicated that time spent in information search was more critical than obtaining new information. They indicated that the value of information obtained must remain high to justify the extensive time spent in information search.

  14. Decision making in the reactor control room

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, W.R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important roles of the nuclear reactor operator is that of decision maker. This paper discusses a simple model of the decision process used by the reactor operator. Resources that must be available so that he can perform the decision process are presented. Decision aids which have been investigated at EG and G Idaho, Inc., as part of the LOFT Augmented Operator Capability Program are briefly discussed. Some general concepts of computerized decision aiding are developed, and the promises and pitfalls of such decision aids are explored. 7 refs., 1 fig.

  15. 1. " The impact of personal and organizational factors on the use of decision support systems by the Jordanian corporations in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of marketing managers in Jordan corporations enrolled in Amman Stock Exchange. A random sample has been in marketing decision - taking at the Jordan corporations with high level. 2- There were no significant the usage level of DSS when taking the marketing decisions. The study recommended the necessity

  16. Decision Support:Decision Support: Decision AnalysisDecision Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    -Making under Risk Expected Value Sensitivity Analysis Decision Analysis Decision Analysis: Applied Decision Decision-Making Process Source: Decision Analysis A Tool to Deal with Uncertainty, http Succeed Fail Decision Trees OR/MS Multi-Criteria Optimisation Risk Analysis and Simulation Bayesian

  17. Trust Calibration for Automated Decision Aids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    , command and control systems, screening technologies, and biometric identification systems. All in a system is poorly calibrated. "Calibration" is a term used to describe the process by which automated Given the variety of complex situations that arise in the context of homeland security where uncertainty

  18. Factors which affect programming decision-making of public information radio tape service by Spanish-language broadcasters in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pina, Manuel

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impetus to this thesis project. One Texas Agricultural Extension Service study in El Paso by Daniel C. Pfannstiel and Starley M. Hunter points out that language preference and understanding of Spanish or English, or both languages, are major factors...

  19. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian C.

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  20. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  1. Investigating online decision-making styles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Young A

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As one of the factors influencing consumers purchase behavior, decision-making styles are crucial for understanding consumer shopping behavior and for developing successful marketing strategies. Decision-making styles have been mainly viewed as a...

  2. Decision Summaries

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ohadecision-summaries Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en Summary of Decisions - October 6, 2014 - October 10, 2014...

  3. IBRD Operational Decision Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

  4. Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.L.; Dobson, J.E.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the adequacy of current command and control systems designed to make timely decisions that would enable sufficient warning and protective response to an accident at the Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland, and at Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA), Arkansas. Institutional procedures designed to facilitate rapid accident assessment, characterization, warning, notification, and response after the onset of an emergency and computer-assisted decision-making aids designed to provide salient information to on- and-off-post emergency responders are examined. The character of emergency decision making at APG and PBA, as well as potential needs for improvements to decision-making practices, procedures, and automated decision-support systems (ADSSs), are described and recommendations are offered to guide equipment acquisition and improve on- and off-post command and control relationships. We recommend that (1) a continued effort be made to integrate on- and off-post command control, and decision-making procedures to permit rapid decision making; (2) the pathways for alert and notification among on- and off-post officials be improved and that responsibilities and chain of command among off-post agencies be clarified; (3) greater attention be given to organizational and social context factors that affect the adequacy of response and the likelihood that decision-making systems will work as intended; and (4) faster improvements be made to on-post ADSSs being developed at APG and PBA, which hold considerable promise for depicting vast amounts of information. Phased development and procurement of computer-assisted decision-making tools should be undertaken to balance immediate needs against available resources and to ensure flexibility, equity among sites, and compatibility among on- and off-post systems. 112 refs., 6 tabs.

  5. Waste-to-energy: Decision making and the decisions made

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schexnayder, S.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)); Wolfe, A.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the early 1980s, it was projected that waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities would manage as much as half of all municipal solid waste by the turn of the century. However, during the latter part of the 1980s, the cancellation rate for WTE facilities grew to the point that the portion of the waste stream WTE will handle in the long-term future is less certain. This study, conducted as part of a larger study, identifies factors that influence municipalities, decisions regarding WTE. This study takes a broad perspective about decision-making within communities, emphasizing the context within which decisions were made and the decision-making process. It does not seek to judge the correctness of the decisions.

  6. Waste-to-energy: Decision making and the decisions made

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schexnayder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States); Wolfe, A.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the early 1980s, it was projected that waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities would manage as much as half of all municipal solid waste by the turn of the century. However, during the latter part of the 1980s, the cancellation rate for WTE facilities grew to the point that the portion of the waste stream WTE will handle in the long-term future is less certain. This study, conducted as part of a larger study, identifies factors that influence municipalities, decisions regarding WTE. This study takes a broad perspective about decision-making within communities, emphasizing the context within which decisions were made and the decision-making process. It does not seek to judge the correctness of the decisions.

  7. Management decisions for cogeneration : a survey analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, Robert R.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the underlying factors in the decision by private, private non-profit, and public sector facility owners to invest in cogeneration technology. It employs alpha factor analysis techniques to develop ...

  8. Autism Genetic Testing: Psychological Factors Associated with the Test Decisions Among Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) in Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Lei

    2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of highly inheritable disorders. Genetic testing for ASD is anticipated to be offered in Taiwan in the near future. Therefore, it is critical to explore the psychological factors regarding the test...

  9. Harvest Aids in Sorghum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stichler, Charles; Livingston, Stephen

    2003-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Growers can obtain higher prices and increased profits for their grain sorghum by applying harvest aids, which are chemicals that bring the grain to a more uniform percentage of moisture at harvest. This publication explains what causes uneven...

  10. Basic First Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoessow, Courtney

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    awake? Breathing? Bleeding? ? Administer first aid if needed. Here are some actions to take for various injuries, emergencies or medical conditions: Choking ? Keep the person calm. ? Allow the person to cough. Don?t pound on his or her back...

  11. Financial Aid and Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    /affordable price Rate your level of understanding of each of the following: The Berea College financial aid Graphical Report (Recent Trends, 2012, Historical Trends) How much of your educational expenses (room, board

  12. Agricultural real estate investment decision aid: model development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Roy Alan

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    realize depreciation tax savings in years where the real estate investment generates income. In years that a loss is experienced, no depreciation tax savings are realized. The seventh component of the NPV equation is the terminal value returns... In years where a negative cash flow margin exists, the investment is financially infeasible. This often occurs in the early years of an agricultural real estate investment when cash flows generated from the investment are not sufficient to make debt...

  13. ADVANCED DECISION ANALYSIS Winter 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    ADVANCED DECISION ANALYSIS PH 444 Winter 2011 Course Instructor: Gordon Hazen, Ph.D. Professor a factored cost-effectiveness model · Construct a stochastic tree transition diagram for a medical treatment problem. · Convert a stochastic tree diagram to a discrete-time Markov chain transition diagram

  14. The Proper Use of Cotton Harvest-Aid Chemicals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stichler, Charles; Supak, James; Hake, Kater; Warrick, Billy

    1995-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Many factors influence the effectiveness of harvest-aid chemicals. One of the most important is plant maturity. This publication explains various methods by which producers can track plant maturity to ensure that defoliants and dessicants...

  15. Cotton Harvest-Aid Chemicals.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metzer, Robert B.; Supak, James

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Application Managing Harvest-Aid Program Secondary Growth Insect Control Care of Equipment Safety with Chemicals Guide for Using Cotton Harvest Aids Defoliants Desiccants Mixtures Plant Regulators-Conditioners 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 COTTON... HARVEST-AID CHEMICALS Robert B. Metzer and James Supak* As the name implies, harvest-aid chemicals pre pare the cotton crop for harvest by reducing foliage and plant moisture that interfere with harvesting operations. Harvest-aid chemicals...

  16. Advanced Review Judgment and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischhoff, Baruch

    and social factors that shape and complement the cognitive processes of decision making. The decision shifted its emphasis from predicting choices, which can be successful without theoretical insight, to understanding the processes shaping them. Those processes are often revealed through biases that suggest non

  17. 2000 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    History Book Records of Decision Tribal Affairs 2000 Records of Decision Fourmile Hill Geothermal Development Project Power Purchase and Transmission Service Agreements -...

  18. Management decisions for cogeneration : executive summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, Robert R.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes two interdependent studies which explore the underlying factors in the decision by private, private non-profit, and public sector facility owners to invest in cogeneration technology. They employ ...

  19. Financial Aid at HMS Bob Coughlin, Director of Financial Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, James

    Sample Packages Presidential Scholars Program Living within the HMS Budget Questions #12;The Financial Financial Aid Office #12;Questions about your award package? CONTACT US! The Financial Aid Office is here to answer questions, provide counseling anytime Financial Aid Appeal Process Appeals/Petitions Reviewed

  20. FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL: A PRELIMINARY GUIDE LSAC.org #12;INTRODUCTION Legal education education is the financial aid office (or the website) of any LSAC-member law school. LSAC.org provides links to many law schools as well as several good sources of financial aid information. The cost

  1. Decision management for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberds, W.J.; Haerer, H.A. (Golder Associates, Inc., Redmond, WA (United States)); Winterfeldt, D.V. (Decision Insights, Laguna Beach, CA (United States))

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is in the process of developing estimates for the radiation doses that individuals and population groups may have received as a result of past activities at the Hanford Reservation in Eastern Washington. A formal decision-aiding methodology has been developed to assist the HEDR Project in making significant and defensible decisions regarding how this study will be conducted. These decisions relate primarily to policy (e.g., the appropriate level of public participation in the study) and specific technical aspects (e.g., the appropriate domain and depth of the study), and may have significant consequences with respect to technical results, costs, and public acceptability.

  2. Rice Quality Factors: Implications For Management Decisions.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Warren R.; Rister, Edward, M.; Brorsen, B. Wade

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . These records accounted for 24, 26, and 27 percent, respectively, of Texas production during the years surveyed. The markets are located at Alvin, Danbury, Bay City, EI Campo, and Ganado. Data were available from two other markets but were not used because.... Yet this market had a much lower percentage of grades 1 and 2 than the other markets (Tables B.14-B.18). Overall, quality averaged about one grade lower at Alvin compared with quality at Bay City, Ganado, and EI Campo markets. Nearness...

  3. Survey of methods for improving operator acceptance of computerized aids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frey, P. R.; Kisner, R. A.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The success of current attempts to improve the operational performance and safety of nuclear power plants by installing computerized operational aids in the control rooms is dependent, in part, on the operator's attitude toward the aid. Utility experience with process computer systems indicates that problems may already exist with operator acceptance of computerized aids. The growth of the role that computers have in nuclear power plants makes user acceptance of computer technology an important issue for the nuclear industry. The purpose of this report is to draw from the literature factors related to user acceptance of computerized equipment that may also be applicable to the acceptance of computerized aids used in the nuclear power plant control room.

  4. Risk-Informed Decisions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory's Risk-Informed Decisions division study the interaction between human and machines to determine how that relationship can be improved in order to enhance performance...

  5. 2008 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  6. 2006 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  7. 2007 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  8. 2002 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  9. 2003 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  10. 1995 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  11. 1996 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  12. 2005 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  13. 2012 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  14. 1997 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  15. 2010 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  16. 2013 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  17. 2001 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  18. 2009 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  19. 1999 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  20. 2004 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  1. 2011 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  2. Simulation Supported Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Navy Nuclear Program · Decades of dynamic operations of hundreds of nuclear power plants withoutSimulation Supported Decision Making Gene Allen Naval Surface Warfare Center Carderock Division SI: TO PASS ON WHAT I KNOW on SIMULATION · CAREER FOCUS: HOW TO USE COMPUTERS TO DO HELP MAKE BETTER DECISIONS

  3. : Computer Aided Learning in Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milenkovi, Aleksandar

    CAL2 : Computer Aided Learning in Computer Architecture Laboratory JOVAN DJORDJEVIC,1 BOSKO NIKOLIC,1 TANJA BOROZAN,1 ALEKSANDAR MILENKOVIC´ 2 1 Computer Engineering Department, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia 2 Electrical and Computer Engineering Department

  4. UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS - A Research Project - Background to Our Research Energy to renovate their homes. We're interested in energy efficiency, but in all other efficient renova/ons can lower energy bills, improve comfort by reducing dra

  5. Essays in decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tom Y., 1976-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the impact of individual decision making on the functioning of firms and markets. The first chapter examines how deviations from strict rationality by individuals impact the market for consumer goods. ...

  6. Financial Aid Standards for SAP Page 1 Financial Aid Standards for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Financial Aid Standards for SAP Page 1 Financial Aid Standards for Satisfactory Academic Progress Affects Your Financial Aid Eligibility Updated February 2012 #12;Financial Aid Standards for SAP Page 2 Standards Progress Review Appeal Process Probation Denied Appeals Reinstatement #12;Financial Aid Standards

  7. Financial Aid at HMS Bob Coughlin, Director of Financial Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahav, Galit

    Package What Else to Expect Appeal Process Other Options/Resources Available Sample Packages Presidential Scholars Program Living within the HMS Budget Questions #12;The Financial Aid Process Two Pathways Programs Additional unsubsidized borrowing up to Cost of Attendance #12;Questions about your award package

  8. Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

  9. Evidence-based Decision Making: Influences on Central-Office Administrators' Decision-Making Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haecker, Bonnie Minnia

    2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    of this quantitative non-experimental study was to identify the evidence-based decision-making practices of central office administrators (n = 268) and the factors that influence them. Based on the findings in the literature, a survey was developed to collect data...

  10. Fan Energy Savings Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monroe, R. C.

    Axial fans are used for thousands of industrial applications consuming millions of kilowatts daily. The decision that saves dollars is to either automatically change fan speed or change blade pitch to save up to 50 percent of consumed power over a...

  11. To Aid or Not to Aid? Competing Narratives on the Efficacy of Foreign Aid in Sub-Saharan African

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Kaleisha

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Press. Sen. Amartya, (1999). Development as freedom. New York: Anchor Books. Svensson. Jacob. (1999). Aid growth, and democracy. Economics & Politics 11: 275- 297. United Nations Development Programme (2005). Aid for the 2lst century. Human... that foreign aid has been and will continue to be successful catalyst for development (Sen 1999; Sachs 2005). The public choice hypothesis argues foreign aid is an ineffectual means for promoting development and hinders further growth (Sen 1999; Sachs 2005...

  12. PRINCETON UNIVERSITY FINANCIAL AID INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRINCETON UNIVERSITY FINANCIAL AID INFORMATION SUMMER SCHOOL EXPENSES SUMMER 2014 Currently enrolled Princeton undergraduates who will be attending summer school may qualify for a University loan listing the cost of tuition. Funding for Princeton Programs Information about campus and external funding

  13. Online Search Aids Petroleum Abstracts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Albert C.

    to enter the words for the query. The center frame will display the list of terms resulting from the queryOnline Search Aids User Guide Petroleum Abstracts® A Division of The University of Tulsa July 1. A compilation of relevant E&P technical index terms and their relationships, covering the areas of geology

  14. AIDE - Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Cathy L.

    2013-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Would you like to know when someone has dropped an undesirable executable binary on our system? What about something less malicious such as a software installation by a user? What about the user who decides to install a newer version of mod_perl or PHP on your web server without letting you know beforehand? Or even something as simple as when an undocumented config file change is made by another member of the admin group? Do you even want to know about all the changes that happen on a daily basis on your server? The purpose of an intrusion detection system (IDS) is to detect unauthorized, possibly malicious activity. The purpose of a host-based IDS, or file integrity checker, is check for unauthorized changes to key system files, binaries, libraries, and directories on the system. AIDE is an Open Source file and directory integrity checker. AIDE will let you know when a file or directory has been added, deleted, modified. It is included with the Red Hat Enterprise 6. It is available for other Linux distros. This is a case study describing the process of configuring AIDE on an out of the box RHEL6 installation. Its goal is to illustrate the thinking and the process by which a useful AIDE configuration is built.

  15. Summer 11 Adjustment Form Financial Aid Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    : ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ I certify that I have read and understand the requirements outlined on the Financial Aid web site

  16. Undergraduate Research Aide Appointment | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Undergraduates Internship Opportunities Temporary Employment Research Aide Appointment Undergraduate Symposium Louis Stokes Midwest Center for Excellence Research Catalog Contact...

  17. Enabling effective product launch decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akamphon, Sappinandana

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

  18. Implementing Motor Decision Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.

    Implementing Motor Decision Plans R. Neal Elliott, Ph.D., P.E., Senior Associate American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), Washington, DC Abstract The first step to reducing energy costs and increasing reliability in motors... when a motor fails and must either be replaced or repaired. This is represented visually in Figure 1. When purchasing a motor for a new application, time is usually available to consider various options. However, once a motor has failed...

  19. Decision Support and Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and emergency management officials during the planning, incident management preparedness, and response phasesDecision Support and Risk Management CVMDM: Community Vaccination and Mass Dispensing Model What and the performance of prophylaxis supply logistics and PODs. Decision and Information Sciences Division Decision

  20. Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brewer, Jeffrey D.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

  1. An agent-based approach to HIV/AIDS epidemic modeling : a case study of Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhee, Alisa Joy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since AIDS was first discovered, mathematical models of the transmission dynamics of HIV have been developed to determine the drivers of the epidemic. It has become apparent that the most profound factor in the proliferation ...

  2. Computer aided architectural space planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schramek, Charles Wayne

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aspects of' the other tasks. For example, the determination of total spatial requirements requires an understanding of the organization's growth potential, acquisition of' new units or the decision to automate certain functions. Likewise... the organization, that the envir onment will not be sub ject to additional con- straints, or that the organization's objectives will not change, creating new demands on the space. There- fore it is necessary that some control function be constructed...

  3. Decision Summaries | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Appliances & Electronics Search link to facebook link to twitter Email Signup Sign up for updates Go Search form Search Appliances & Electronics You are here Home Decision...

  4. aids: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  5. Latent effects decision analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooper, J. Arlin (Albuquerque, NM); Werner, Paul W. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Latent effects on a system are broken down into components ranging from those far removed in time from the system under study (latent) to those which closely effect changes in the system. Each component is provided with weighted inputs either by a user or from outputs of other components. A non-linear mathematical process known as `soft aggregation` is performed on the inputs to each component to provide information relating to the component. This information is combined in decreasing order of latency to the system to provide a quantifiable measure of an attribute of a system (e.g., safety) or to test hypotheses (e.g., for forensic deduction or decisions about various system design options).

  6. West Virginia University 1 Financial Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University 1 Financial Aid In this section: Apply for Aid: · Application Process application. Submit the FAFSA prior to March 1 for full consideration. If you prefer to complete a paper FAFSA with the following GPA: · 1-28 attempted hours - 1.4 GPA · 29-58 attempted hours - 1.7 GPA · 59-88 attempted hours

  7. West Virginia University 1 Financial Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University 1 Financial Aid In this section: APPLY FOR AID: · Application Process application. Submit the FAFSA prior to March 1 for full consideration. If you prefer to complete a paper FAFSA with the following GPA: · 1-28 attempted hours - 1.4 GPA · 29-58 attempted hours - 1.7 GPA · 59-88 attempted hours

  8. Side effects : the new age of AIDS in America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphries, Courtney (Courtney Elizabeth)

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When the cocktail of AIDS drugs called highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was introduced in 1997, it radically changed the picture of HIV and AIDS in the U.S. Deaths from AIDS plummeted by two-thirds. Now, far ...

  9. MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

  10. Interactions between learning and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tulabandhula, Theja

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We quantify the effects of learning and decision making on each other in three parts. In the first part, we look at how knowledge about decision making can influence learning. Let the decision cost be the amount spent by ...

  11. The Effects of Elite Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Morgen S.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    focuses on two groups of decision makers, candidates running for office and public managers, and the effect of their decisions on the electorate and organization, respectively. The dissertation explores the impact of candidates' decisions regarding...

  12. aid association british: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reduction and pain relief. Miroslav Prokopijevi? 125 STATE AID TO ENTERPRISES IN CROATIA IN 2001 CiteSeer Summary: State aid to enterprises is a form of government...

  13. Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9han2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Progress of Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries (CAEBAT) Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT)...

  14. Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

  15. aid training program: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aid Applying Correspondence The English Department offers the M Thomas, Andrew 12 Program of Study Financial Aid Geosciences Websites Summary: HISTORY Program of Study...

  16. Decision Analysis for EGS | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Decision Analysis for EGS Decision Analysis for EGS Project objectives: DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYSIS TOOLS TO ASSESS: Uncertainties associated with exploration for EGS; Uncertainties...

  17. Three essays in decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, Ray, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation is composed of three essays about consumer judgment and decision making. In Essay 1, I develop a novel explanation for the well-known endowment effect - the tendency for owners to value goods more than ...

  18. Participation in crisis decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsico, Dale Joseph

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that included: departmental secretaries, under secretaries, military officers, and presidential staff. Actions that these indi- viduals pursued that were classified as participation in crisis decision making included: meeting attendance, presenting policy... positions, presenting alternative courses of action, and informing other decision makers of the nature oi a crisis. The data suggest that various patterns of participation occur in different types of crises, and that actors may tend to participate more...

  19. Artificial Intelligence Decision and Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    (Sk+3000,000) EU(decline bet) = U(S k+1000,000) not that different Bottom Line: the utility U of money Intellige Decision: What Door to Open? Artificial Intelligence ­ p.3/26 Bottom Line Clear: decision about preference by a numerical utility function U. For outcomes A, B U(A) > U(B) A B U(A) = U(B) A B Artificial

  20. Commissioning Aid and Decision Making Assistance Tool 'Implementation & Assessment' - Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belkadi-Hannachi, N.; Jandon, M.; Nejad, H. V.; Guena, F.; Diab, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the renovation and the modernization of social dwelling. It is classified as a project of low energy buildings. The partners whose are doing this project are pioneers in term of social dwelling renovation: Logirep, BASF, and CSTB. The objective... Environment?2 certification delivered by Cerqual3. BASF, number one of the chemical industry in the world has participated in collaboration with Buildings Company in the realization of low energy buildings called ?3L Housing?. Those building?s consumption...

  1. Decision aids to maximize profits from dairy sire selection and individual cow matings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Rex Travis

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and number of generations (GEN) in the planning horizon for Holstein (H) and Jersey (J) sires for the 1:8 selection policy. . 21 Rank correlations among net present values from mis-specifying first service conception rate (CR) and number of generations... (GEN) in the planning horizon for Holstein (H) and Jersey (J) sires for the 3: 1 selection policy. . 21 LIST OF TABLES (CONT. ) Table Sacrificed present value of net income from Holstein sir e selection by mis- specifying planning horizon...

  2. Introduction `a l'apprentissage automatique Apprentissage `a l'aide d'arbres de decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denis, François

    M + b = 1 si M est positif -1 sinon. . Dans ce cas, la marge de H est ´egale `a 1/||w|| et tous les

  3. Introduction `a l'apprentissage automatique Apprentissage `a l'aide d'arbres de decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denis, François

    , la marge de H est ´egale `a 1/||w|| et tous les points de S v´erifient yf (x) 1. Fran¸cois Denis

  4. Decision-aids for enhancing intergovernmental interactions: The Pre-notification Analysis Support System (PASS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lester, M.; Liebow, E. [Battelle Human Affairs Research Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Holm, J. [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Special Programs

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) plans to honor its commitment to government-to-government interactions by providing advance notice of DOE spent fuel and high-level waste shipments to Indian tribes whose jurisdictions are crossed by or adjacent to transportation routes. The tribes are important contributors to a regional response network, and providing tribes with advance notice of DOE shipping plans marks the start -- not the end -- of direct, government-to-government interactions with DOE. The Tribal Prenotification Analysis Support System (PASS) is being developed for the Office of Special Programs within the Department`s Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management. PASS will help DOE-Headquarters to coordinate field office activities and provide technical and institutional support to the DOE field offices. PASS is designed to be used by anyone with minimum computer literacy and having contemporary computer hardware and software. It uses on-screen maps to choose and display a shipment route, and to display the tribal jurisdictions. With forms that are easy to understand, it provides information about each jurisdiction and points of contact. PASS records all contacts, commitments made, and actions taken.

  5. The Model-based Approach to Computer-aided Medical Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Peter

    ­ p.10/23 #12;Chain Graph Example Influenza (I) causes coughing (C), where coughing is known as a possible cause for hoarseness (H). In addition, coughing is known to be associated with dyspnoea (shortness

  6. A Generic Framework based on Ergonomics Rules for Computer Aided Design of User Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farenc, Christelle

    A Generic Framework based on Ergonomics Rules for Computer Aided Design of User Interface Cedex, France E­mail:{farenc, palanque}@univ­tlse1.fr Key words: Ergonomic rules, usability evaluation. Abstract: Ergonomic rules are supposed to help developers to build UI respecting human factor principles

  7. Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, D.A.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The mean'' value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility's net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

  8. Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, D.A.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The ``mean`` value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility`s net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

  9. Color theory too: an instructional aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiagarajan, Archana

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis primarily deals with the conceptualization, design and evaluation of an instructional learning tool. The focus of the instructional aid is to bring an understanding of the theory of color to students in art, architecture...

  10. Children's School February 2013 Water Aid Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , we are leading a collection of funds for Water Aid (www.wateraidamerica.org) to help poor communities in Africa, Asia, the Pacific region and Central America gain access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene

  11. Repairing Tom Swift's electric factor analysis machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preacher, K. J.; MacCallum, R. C.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proper use of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) requires the researcher to make a series of careful decisions. Despite attempts by Floyd and Widaman (1995), Fabrigar, Wegener, MacCallum, and Strahan (1999), and others to ...

  12. Computer aided robust control with applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Womack, Brian David

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    COMPUTER AIDED ROBUST CONTROL WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by BRIAN DAVID WOMACK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990... Major Subject: Electrical Engineering COMPUTER AIDED ROBUST CONTROL WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by BRIAN DAVID WOMACK Approved as to style and content by: Mohammed A. Dahleh (Chair of Committee) Shanker P. Bhattacharyya Member) ostas N. Georghi...

  13. Human retroviruses and AIDS 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korber, B.; Foley, B.; Leitner, T. [eds.] [and others] [eds.; and others

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This compendium is the result of an effort to compile, organize, and rapidly publish as much relevant molecular data concerning the human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) and related retroviruses as possible. The scope of the compendium and database is best summarized by the four parts that it comprises: (1) Nucleic Acid Alignments, (2) Amino Acid Alignments, (3) Reviews and Analyses, and (4) Related Sequences. Information within all the parts is updated throughout the year on the Web site, http://hiv-web.lanl.gov. This year we are not including floppy diskettes as the entire compendium is available both at our Web site and at our ftp site. If you need floppy diskettes please contact either Bette Korber (btk@t10.lanl.gov) or Kersti Rock (karm@t10.lanl.gov) by email or fax ((505) 665-4453). While this publication could take the form of a review or sequence monograph, it is not so conceived. Instead, the literature from which the database is derived has simply been summarized and some elementary computational analyses have been performed upon the data. Interpretation and commentary have been avoided insofar as possible so that the reader can form his or her own judgments concerning the complex information. The exception to this are reviews submitted by experts in areas deemed of particular and basic importance to research involving AIDS viral sequence information. These are included in Part III, and are contributed by scientists with particular expertise in the area of interest. In addition to the general descriptions below of the parts of the compendium, the user should read the individual introductions for each part.

  14. UndergraduateFinancialAid Information and Application Instructions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The Princeton Financial Aid Application on the Web To simplify the process of applying for financial aid, Princeton has developed its own aid application on the Web. The Princeton Financial Aid Application (PFAA to view it on the Web, but any new information must be sent by letter, fax or email. We will provide

  15. affect postprandial factor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    may influence the decision Cheng, Yvonne 2011-01-01 3 Factors affecting wild turkey distribution and numbers Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: FACTORS AFFECTING...

  16. Initial Decision and Risk Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Decision and Risk Analysis capabilities will be developed for industry consideration and possible adoption within Year 1. These tools will provide a methodology for merging qualitative ranking of technology maturity and acknowledged risk contributors with quantitative metrics that drive investment decision processes. Methods and tools will be initially introduced as applications to the A650.1 case study, but modular spreadsheets and analysis routines will be offered to industry collaborators as soon as possible to stimulate user feedback and co-development opportunities.

  17. Systems Biology Group Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    entities (e.g., molecular, cellular, organism, ecological) #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Systems/analysis of perception, attention, choice, learning, optimality,... #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Group decision making, evolution and ecology Current work: Modeling/analysis of coordinated motion, foraging, choice

  18. Decision Support and Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Information Sciences Division Decision Support and Risk Management Group #12;A U.S. Department of Energy to analyze many failure scenarios over the past 5 years. Restore's data library of applications was developed infrastructures. A new user with as little as 4­6 hours of training can use the tool to modify an existing data

  19. P:\\DECISION\\0088.tba.wpd

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of a cited decision may be accessed by entering the case number of the decision in the search engine located at http:www.oha.doe.govsearch.htm. 2 A SWPF processes nuclear...

  20. Optimal Decision Trees Kristin P. Bennett \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    of all the decisions in the tree concurrently. Using Global Tree Optimization (GTO), we can optimize. Decisions are constructed recursively for each of the regions. This process is repeated until the points

  1. Systems analysis of major consumer energy decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisler, Nicholas Daniel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    American consumers make a number of decisions that significantly impact their energy use. Some of the most important of these decisions were identified and analyzed for the purpose of including them in a Consumer Energy ...

  2. Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General analysis, and public education in global environmental change. It seeks to provide leadership;1 Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General Equilibrium

  3. |Research Focus Statistical decision theory and evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Laurence T.

    |Research Focus Statistical decision theory and evolution Laurence T. Maloney Department recent articles by Geisler and Diehl use Bayesian statistical decision theory to model the co, an advantage that ultimately translates into `reproductive success'. The balance between predator and prey

  4. Corporate decision analysis : an engineering approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Victor, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore corporate decisions and their solutions under uncertainty using engineering methods. Corporate decisions tend to be complex; they are interdisciplinary and defy programmable solutions. To address these challenges, ...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - aided optimum design Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aid section of the Student Center. 2. In the Finances group box... , Financial Aid section, there are two links; View Financial Aid and ... Source: Oh, Kwang W. - Department...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - aided surgery patient-specific Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    results for: aided surgery patient-specific Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 MAXILLOFACIAL COMPUTER AIDED SURGERY: A 5 YEARS EXPERIENCE Summary: MAXILLOFACIAL COMPUTER AIDED SURGERY: A...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - aid project summary Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    & Job Aids... and services. Roles & RACI Roles & RACI Tools & Job Aids Tools & Job Aids Customer... Defects & Process Metrics Feedback Loop Roles & RACI Roles & RACI Tools & Job...

  8. STUDENT EMPLOYEE HANDBOOK Financial Aid Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    (413) 545-0801 (413) 545-1722 fax seo@finaid.umass.edu www.umass.edu/umfa/seo/ Updated 2013-2014 #12 Student Employment Office Financial Aid Services 243 Whitmore Building 413.545.0801 seo@finaid.umass.edu umass.edu/umfa/seo Paychecks Payroll Procedures Human Resources Employee Service Center 325 Whitmore

  9. Vegetation Indices to Aid Areal Evapotranspiration Estimations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    Vegetation Indices to Aid Areal Evapotranspiration Estimations Jozsef Szilagyi1 Abstract: Multiyear Seevers and Ottmann 1994; Nicholson et al. 1996; Sz- ilagyi et al. 1998; Szilagyi and Parlange 1999; Szilagyi 2000 . Different authors drew differing conclusions about the appli- cability of NDVI to estimate

  10. Proof positive : finding the cause of AIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rulison, Megan R. (Megan Rebecca)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2008, it will have been 25 years since HIV was first isolated from a patient with AIDS. In the early 1980s, when the mysterious disease of the immune system spread across the globe, scientists began a race to find the ...

  11. Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index A (1) City & State Atlas A (2) Astronomy Atlas A (3) U.S. Atlas A (4) Water Atlas A (5) South America & Central America A (6) Africa, Asia, &, Antarctica A (7) Mexico A (8) Geologic Atlases A (9) Environment / Forest & Desert A (10) Historic Atlases A (11) World Atlases

  12. National Institute on Aging HIV, AIDS, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Judith G.

    -term memory loss. You can now also test your blood at home. The "Home Access Express HIV-1 Test System, a close family friend she had known for a long time, was starting to stay overnight more and more often HIV and AIDS. You may have thought that these diseases weren't your problem and that only younger

  13. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Decision Tool

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides an overview of the development of the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program decision tool, purpose, and scope.

  14. New Studies Aid in Optimizing Water Use in Geothermal Applications...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New Studies Aid in Optimizing Water Use in Geothermal Applications New Studies Aid in Optimizing Water Use in Geothermal Applications July 31, 2014 - 4:31pm Addthis Three key...

  15. aided state estimation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    estimated from the information content Szilagyi, Jozsef 7 STATE AID TO ENTERPRISES IN CROATIA IN 2001 CiteSeer Summary: State aid to enterprises is a form of government...

  16. aided control systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    K; Iakovidis, G.; Marchese, F; Aielli, G 2011-01-01 135 STATE AID TO ENTERPRISES IN CROATIA IN 2001 CiteSeer Summary: State aid to enterprises is a form of government...

  17. Overview of Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries (CAEBAT)...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries (CAEBAT) and Introduction to Multi-Scale, Multi-Dimensional (MSMD) Modeling of Lithium-Ion Batteries Overview of Computer-Aided Engineering...

  18. Emerging nanotechnology approaches for HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Andrian, Ulrich H.

    Emerging nanotechnology approaches for HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention The emergence of AIDS effects and is ineffective in patients in whom the virus develops resistance. Nanotechnology of nanotechnology to provide more effective treatment and preven

  19. Changing times, changing places: AIDS orphans in Kisumu District, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Changing times, changing places: AIDS orphans in Kisumu District, Kenya Prevalence of AIDS orphans in Kenya (2.6 million) had been orphaned by AIDS. In 1999, 46,732 children (17 years old care. Although Kenya has clear policies on prevention and management of HIV, it lacks a policy

  20. Cost Analysis of an HIV/AIDS Prevention Project: A Case Study of the AIDS 3 Project in BENIN.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mito-Yobo, Kodjo Ferdinand

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??HIV/AIDS Cost analysis The objective of this thesis is to undertake a cost analysis of an HIV/AIDS prevention programme targeting vulnerable groups in Benin. The (more)

  1. The alternative of Chinese aid in Africa : impacts of China's development strategy through Chinese aid, finance, and firms in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullin, Deborah Wei

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the differences of Chinese and Western aid implementation and its effects in Africa though the case study of Chinese aid and finance for road development in Kenya. Today, Kenya receives tangible benefits ...

  2. Examining the role of political entrepreneurship in the decision to change Mexico's foreign policy on human rights/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdini Trejo, Bruno

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under what circumstances can political entrepreneurs shape policy change? By relying upon the multiple streams framework, this research studies some of the factors that underpin decision-making in the public sector. Through ...

  3. Simulation of human decision making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Sabina E. (Albuquerque, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for computer emulation of human decision making defines a plurality of concepts related to a domain and a plurality of situations related to the domain, where each situation is a combination of at least two of the concepts. Each concept and situation is represented in the computer as an oscillator output, and each situation and concept oscillator output is distinguishable from all other oscillator outputs. Information is input to the computer representative of detected concepts, and the computer compares the detected concepts with the stored situations to determine if a situation has occurred.

  4. Decision Science | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to UserProduct: CrudeOffice ofINL isSeparationsRelevant toDecision Science

  5. West Virginia University 1 Financial Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University 1 Financial Aid Each year, two out of three WVU students qualify for some://www.fafsa.gov) and include WVU's school code ­ 003827 ­ on your application. Submit the FAFSA prior to March 1 for full: · 1-28 attempted hours - 1.6 GPA · 29-58 attempted hours - 1.9 GPA · 59 or more attempted hours - 2

  6. Computer-aided dispatching system design specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briggs, M.G.

    1997-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document defines the performance requirements for a graphic display dispatching system to support Hanford Patrol Operations Center. This document reflects the as-built requirements for the system that was delivered by GTE Northwest, Inc. This system provided a commercial off-the-shelf computer-aided dispatching system and alarm monitoring system currently in operations at the Hanford Patrol Operations Center, Building 2721E. This system also provides alarm back-up capability for the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP).

  7. Supply chain planning decisions under demand uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanfeng Anna

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sales and operational planning that incorporates unconstrained demand forecasts has been expected to improve long term corporate profitability. Companies are considering such unconstrained demand forecasts in their decisions ...

  8. Step decision rules for multistage stochastic programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien Th ni

    2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 8, 2006 ... The second idea is to have each expert work with step decision rules. ... OR and Management Sciences (Supply Chain Management ). Citation:...

  9. Semi-Structured Decision Processes: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Human-Automation Decision Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaliardos, William N.

    The purpose of this work is to improve understanding of existing and proposed decision systems, ideally to improve the design of future systems. A "decision system" is defined as a collection of

  10. Aiding rational design of materials | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout the BuildingInnovation 2011OversupplyPlasma PhysicsAiding rational

  11. HIV-AIDS Information Resources from the NLM - ACIO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templin-Branner, W.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the treatment and management of HIV/AIDS continues to evolve with new scientific breakthroughs, treatment discoveries, and management challenges, it is difficult for people living with HIV/AIDS and those who care for them to keep up with the latest information on HIV/AIDS screening and testing, prevention, treatment, and research. The National Library of Medicine (NLM), of the National Institutes of Health, has a wealth of health information resources freely available on the Internet to address these needs.

  12. Reaching More for Less: Modernizing US International Food Aid Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natsios, Andrew

    2015 budget were passed.5 Per- haps more importantly, in an emergency situ- ation where men, women, and children are in desperate need of food aid, being able to get them the food they need to survive weeks ear- lier would be immensely beneficial.../documents/1866/FoodAidReformFactSheet_FY 2015.pdf 6 Ferguson, Hillary, Thembela Kepe. 2011. Smallholder farmer participation in local and regional food aid procurement: As- sessing the benefits and challenges in southwestern Uganda. International Development...

  13. Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool: An innovative step towards community resilience Support Tool Pilot Internet-based scalable mapping server Emergency management geo-referenced information for all municipalities in Puerto Rico #12;Disaster Decision Support Tool (DDST) What is a GIS

  14. Solving Multiagent Assignment Markov Decision Scott Proper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    681 Solving Multiagent Assignment Markov Decision Processes Scott Proper Oregon State University]. On the Cite as: Solving Multiagent Assignment Markov Decision Processes, Scott Proper and Prasad Tadepalli, Sierra and Castelfranchi (eds.), May, 10­15, 2009, Bu- dapest, Hungary, pp. XXX-XXX. Copyright c 2009

  15. Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargiela, Andrzej

    Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems Taha Osman, Andrzej Bargiela Department of application tasks on the currently avail- able computing nodes. Distributed Systems Reliability Due decision-support systems such as water distribution net- works, involving hundreds or even thousands

  16. Decision Support for Choice of Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langseth, Helge

    Decision Support for Choice of Security Solution The Aspect-Oriented Risk Driven Development (AORDD decisions. (4) RDD annotation rules for security risk and security solution variable estimation. (5) The AORDD security solution trade-o analysis and trade-o tool BBN topology. (6) Rule set for how

  17. National Nuclear Security Administration Product Aids in Anthrax...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Product Aids in Anthrax Clean-up | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

  18. aids microbiology: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  19. aids treatment side: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  20. aided process engineering-12: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    this simulator which leads to quality Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 20 Computer-aided Tooling Design for Manufacturing Processes MIT - DSpace Summary: Tooling design for...

  1. aids entre jogadores: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  2. aids pneumocistose cistica: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  3. aids virus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  4. aids treatment lessons: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  5. aid produces dna: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  6. aids panik panikbedarf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  7. aids serodiagnosis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  8. autophagy aids chronic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  9. aids radiological findings: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  10. aid functional egress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  11. Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8hartridge2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Progress of Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries (CAEBAT) Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of...

  12. Simulation and analysis of particle-aided CVD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes particle-aided chemical vapor deposition. It is the goal to produce various composites of silicon carbides and to theoretically analyze the process.

  13. Implications for decision making: The electric utilities` perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, W.L. [Edison Electric Inst., Washington, DC (United States)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Implications for decision making in three areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the electric industry. The first area addresses economic factors in the electric industry. The second concerns the interrelationship of energy, electricity and the environment, and the global climate change issue. The third addresses the global context of the issue. It is concluded that a comprehensive examination of international implications of governmental policy should be made before implementation of carbon emissions limitations, and that limiting electricity demand could negatively affect economic growth and the environment.

  14. AN APPLICATION OF GAME THEORY: FUNDING INTERDEPENDENT MC and A UPGRADE DECISIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B. G. SCOTT

    2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Funding Material, Control and Accountability (MC&A) system upgrades has been identified as a partial solution for mitigating the diversion threat of weapons-grade nuclear material. Effective MC&A system upgrades are dependent on appropriate decisions based on based on funding, implementation, operation and oversight. Traditional MC&A upgrade decisions inherently assumed that all decision-makers possessed similar payoff vectors allowing for a fairly consistent and unified approach to MC&A system enhancements; however, MC&A upgrade projects in non-traditional environments may be required to take into account situations where the potential payoff vectors among decision-makers may be significantly different. Once a decision-maker is required to take into account the decisions of others, the process can be modeled as a game. Game theory has been previously be used to shed light on many aspects of social and economic behavior where a payoff from a set of strategies is dependent on the strategy of others. In this paper, the application of game theory in the context of MC&A upgrades is discussed. Various MC&A upgrades decision payoff matrices for relevant circumstances are evaluated for static (simultaneous) and dynamic (sequential decisions) games. Optimal strategies and equilibrium conditions for these payoff matrices are analyzed. Additional game factors (bargaining, uncertain outcomes, moral hazards) that may affect the outcome of the game are briefly discussed. By demonstrating the application of game theory to a nontraditional environment that may require MC&A upgrades, this work increases the understanding out how outcomes are logically connected to the respective value decision-makers assign to choices.

  15. DESIGN OPTIMIZATION IN COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    decisions through iterative interactions between design and analysis is common practice among building decision-support ­ ranging from search engines, integrated simulations, collaborative design, information in engineering and management. It was also proposed as a decision-making model in building design by Wilson et al

  16. Enriching Sustainable Transport Decisions: Inputs from Operations Research and the Management Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellar, Barry; Garrison, William

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to decision processes involving sustainable transportused to enrich sustainable transport decision processes andthe process of making decisions about sustainable transport

  17. The effect of job performance aids on quality assurance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fosshage, Erik

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Job performance aids (JPAs) have been studied for many decades in a variety of disciplines and for many different types of tasks, yet this is the first known research experiment using JPAs in a quality assurance (QA) context. The objective of this thesis was to assess whether a JPA has an effect on the performance of a QA observer performing the concurrent dual verification technique for a basic assembly task. The JPA used in this study was a simple checklist, and the design borrows heavily from prior research on task analysis and other human factors principles. The assembly task and QA construct of concurrent dual verification are consistent with those of a high consequence manufacturing environment. Results showed that the JPA had only a limited effect on QA performance in the context of this experiment. However, there were three important and unexpected findings that may draw interest from a variety of practitioners. First, a novel testing methodology sensitive enough to measure the effects of a JPA on performance was created. Second, the discovery that there are different probabilities of detection for different types of error in a QA context may be the most far-reaching results. Third, these results highlight the limitations of concurrent dual verification as a control against defects. It is hoped that both the methodology and results of this study are an effective baseline from which to launch future research activities.

  18. Training Adaptive Decision-Making.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James C.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adaptive Thinking has been defined here as the capacity to recognize when a course of action that may have previously been effective is no longer effective and there is need to adjust strategy. Research was undertaken with human test subjects to identify the factors that contribute to adaptive thinking. It was discovered that those most effective in settings that call for adaptive thinking tend to possess a superior capacity to quickly and effectively generate possible courses of action, as measured using the Category Generation test. Software developed for this research has been applied to develop capabilities enabling analysts to identify crucial factors that are predictive of outcomes in fore-on-force simulation exercises.

  19. First Aid at Work Forestry Commission Policy Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    working on FC managed land, i.e. contractors. 4. This guidance should be read alongside AFAG802 (Emergency not require employers to provide first aid for visitors or non- employees. However HSE strongly recommend Managers/Contractors do? 8. Managers/contractors must assess what their first aid needs are and ensure

  20. Demographic Transition and Economic Welfare: The Role of Humanitarian Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    ) provide a detailed discussion of how aid can effect economic growth through the production process. #121 Demographic Transition and Economic Welfare: The Role of Humanitarian Aid Stephen M. Miller-6005 stephen.miller@unlv.edu Kyriakos C. Neanidis Economics Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research

  1. aid policy wide: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aid policy wide First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Aid, Policy and Peace CiteSeer Summary:...

  2. aid policy public: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aid policy public First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Aid, Policy and Peace CiteSeer...

  3. Office of Student Financial Aid Master of Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    ,184 Books & Supplies 1,200 1,200 Room & Board (off campus) 9,990 9,990 Miscellaneous 2,556 2,556 Health careOffice of Student Financial Aid Master of Public Health Eligibility In order to receive loan funds and/or work-study assistance through the Office of Student Financial Aid, a master of public health

  4. EVALUATION OF HARVEST AIDS ON HAILED-ON COTTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    YEAR: 1999 EVALUATION OF HARVEST AIDS ON HAILED-ON COTTON COOPERATOR Hal Curry COORDINATORS Kerry Siders, Extension Agent-IPM, Hockley and Cochran Counties Hockley County SUMMARY: Cotton can receive hail. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cotton harvest aid products on damaged cotton. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Field plots

  5. Accident/Injury Reporting, Investigation, & Basic First Aid Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Nicholas

    Accident/Injury Reporting, Investigation, & Basic First Aid Plan Environmental Health, Safety of accidents/injuries at Stephen F. Austin State University (SFASU) and provides basic first aid practices. It is designed to help reduce injuries by reducing unsafe or hazardous conditions and discouraging accident

  6. Paternal Genetic Effects on Foraging Decision-Making Under the Risk of Predation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Bryan D.

    - cific. Less attention has been given to other factors that may affect foraging decision-making such as conversion efficiency. Conversion efficiency is a measure of an individ- ual's ability to convert food differences in conversion efficiency. Ethology Ethology 112 (2006) 963­970 ª 2006 The Authors Journal

  7. 1/12/11 1:51 PMComputer-Aided Brains: Scientific American Page 1 of 3http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=computer-aided-brains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvucci, Dario D.

    Scientific American Mind October 2005 Head Lines | Mind & Brain Computer-Aided Brains By Brad Stenger1/12/11 1:51 PMComputer-Aided Brains: Scientific American Page 1 of 3http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=computer-aided-brains Image: For years, innovators have tried to devise computerized gadgetry to aid the brain. Advances have

  8. Reduction of Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision Tree Based Control Reduction of Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision Tree Based Control Using a non-parametric...

  9. DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators December 23, 2009 -...

  10. Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within DOE's Chemical Hydrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within DOE's Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within DOE's Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center...

  11. Record of Decision for the Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Record of Decision for the Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record of Decision for the Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact...

  12. Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and Timeline Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and Timeline This Report to Congress provides a...

  13. DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making...

  14. Management Forecast Quality and Capital Investment Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Theodore H.

    Corporate investment decisions require managers to forecast expected future cash flows from potential investments. Although these forecasts are a critical component of successful investing, they are not directly observable ...

  15. Unstructured Direct Elicitation of Decision Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Min

    We investigate the feasibility of unstructured direct-elicitation (UDE) of decision rules consumers use to form consideration sets. With incentives to think hard and answer truthfully, tested formats ask respondents to ...

  16. Experiments on decision making and auctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Elizabeth Ann

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Theory (Gilboa and Schmeidler, 1995). The basic premise behind Case-Based Decision Theory (henceforth CBDT) is that a DM uses her past experience to help evaluate current choices, rather than constructing beliefs about certain states of the world...

  17. Algorithmic Decision Theory and the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    professionals #12;8 Algorithmic Decision Theory ·First International Conference on ADT, Venice 2009. ·Second are borrowed from a presentation by Gil Bindewald of the Dept. of Energy to the SIAM Science Policy Committee

  18. Optimization Online - Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nils Lhndorf

    2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 10, 2011 ... To demonstrate the efficiency of the solution approach, we fit an econometric ... Keywords: OR in Energy, Approximate Dynamic Programming, Stochastic Programming, Markov Decision Processes ... Classification Scheme

  19. Technology and public participation in environmental decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Basilia Wang

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1970, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) has served as the main instrument for analyzing the environmental impacts of federal agency decisions and providing the public with opportunities to participate in ...

  20. PAGE 12 MONEY TALK$ VOLUME 5 LINK TO YOUR FINANCIAL AID INFORMATION THROUGH MIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    PAGE 12 MONEY TALK$ VOLUME 5 LINK TO YOUR FINANCIAL AID INFORMATION THROUGH MIX The Financial Aid system 12 Meet the Financial Aid Office Staff 5 Purchasing Your Text- books 11 Inside this issue: Money

  1. Page 12 MONEY TALK$ VOLUME 5 LINK TO YOUR FINANCIAL AID INFORMATION THROUGH MIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Page 12 MONEY TALK$ VOLUME 5 LINK TO YOUR FINANCIAL AID INFORMATION THROUGH MIX The Financial Aid on the MIX system p 12 Inside this issue: Money Talk$ West Virginia University Financial Aid and Scholars

  2. Parallel object-oriented decision tree system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kamath; Chandrika (Dublin, CA), Cantu-Paz; Erick (Oakland, CA)

    2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A data mining decision tree system that uncovers patterns, associations, anomalies, and other statistically significant structures in data by reading and displaying data files, extracting relevant features for each of the objects, and using a method of recognizing patterns among the objects based upon object features through a decision tree that reads the data, sorts the data if necessary, determines the best manner to split the data into subsets according to some criterion, and splits the data.

  3. Interoperability Checklist for Decision-Makers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melton, Ronald B.; Ambrosio, Ron

    2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 2007 the GridWise Architecture Council published the Introduction to Interoperability and Decision-Makers Interoperability Checklist Version 1.0 as a tool to be used by policy makers and executives making smart grid policy or investment decisions. Subsequently there has been a significant amount of additional work on smart grid interoperability by the council and others. This paper summarizes the current efforts of the council to update the checklist to incorporate this subsequent work.

  4. DOE's Office of Science Sets up Program to Aid Scientists Displaced...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Sets up Program to Aid Scientists Displaced by Hurricane Katrina DOE's Office of Science Sets up Program to Aid Scientists Displaced by Hurricane Katrina September 9, 2005 -...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - aide tsahkna terje Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are grateful to Professor Terje Hertzberg... , European Symposium on Com- puter Aided Process Engineering pp. 435-442. Kelly, J. D. (2004). Techniques... in computer-aided...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - aided routing protocol Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for: aided routing protocol Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks: Current Development and Evaluation Summary: network. LAR: Location Aided...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids defining conditions Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development Finance Using AidData Summary: Data defines development finance as loans or grants from govern- ments, official government aid agencies... that allow scholars to make...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - aid-dependent chromosomal translocations...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aid-dependent chromosomal translocations Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aid-dependent chromosomal translocations Page: << < 1 2 3...

  9. An examination of the relative value of discounted cash flow analysis as an aid in making capital expenditure decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Bobby Ray

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    staking the boon4arxes of this investigation it hse bess fouu4 4iffionlt to evoi4 e 4etaile4 41eenssion of the pure eoonoaio theory of sXX the faoets of capital rationing an4 get aehisv? s ooaprehensive eaaaination of the relative valoe of 4isoounte4... each flov yroce4nre, have nesleete4 to yxesent a fxaaevoxh of thi? aetho4 in its entirety. The yrohlea then hse heen one of caissios rsthex' than coaalssion. The resnlt is that in no one ylace is there s yxesentation shish wLLL ?ffor4 the stn4sst...

  10. Foreign Aid, Sustainable Development and Rapti IRDP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subedi, Madhusudan Sharma

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to be p l a c e d in the p o l i t i c a l c o n t e x t o f d i f f e r e n t e t h n i c g r o u p s a n d t h e i r a b i l i t y to i n f l u e n c e t h e g o v e r n m e n t ' s e c o n o m i c p o l i c y , as w e l l as in the c o n t e x t s o f a... t e f o r e i g n e x c h a n g e , a n d (b) to o v e r c o m e t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n s t r a i n t s p o s e d by t h e l a c k o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w - h o w a n d s k i l l . T h e p a r t i c u l a r r o l e o f aid will be a p p l...

  11. Summary of Decisions- July 30 August 3, 2012

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710)

  12. Summary of Decisions- August 5, 2013- August 9, 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Decisions were issued on: - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) - Whistleblower Appeal (10 CFR Part 708)

  13. Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through Tradespace Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through§ Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 DOI: 10.2514/1.A32562 Although NASA has-term investment in the enabling technologies that will be required for these future systems. Given

  14. adult hearing aid: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    us accurately.The University may Snider, Barry B. 102 Financial Aid Disbursement and Fossil Fuels Websites Summary: 2) Click on "Click Here to Enter STAR" 3) Click on "Financial...

  15. OFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL AID 0102 Lee Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    11PASSET OFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL AID 0102 Lee Building College Park, Maryland 20742-5145 TEL, other securities. $ $ Business and Investment Farm. Include the market value of land, buildings

  16. OFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL AID 0102 Lee Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    11SASSET OFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL AID 0102 Lee Building College Park, Maryland 20742-5145 TEL and Investment Farm. Include the market value of land, buildings, machinery, equipment, inventory, etc. Do

  17. Integration of engineering models in computer-aided preliminary design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lajoie, Ronnie M.

    The problems of the integration of engineering models in computer-aided preliminary design are reviewed. This paper details the research, development, and testing of modifications to Paper Airplane, a LISP-based computer ...

  18. COMMUNITY MUSIC EDUCATION PROGRAM BURSARY APPLICATION FOR FINANCIAL AID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    COMMUNITY MUSIC EDUCATION PROGRAM BURSARY APPLICATION FOR FINANCIAL AID Bursaries MasterCard American Express Cash *Total cost for all instruction in the Community Music Education Program(s in the Community Music Education Program

  19. Student Aide (10101) 1 THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jay

    keypunch, sorter and collator. - Helps in stock room. - Helps in operation of audio-visual aid equipment. Qualification Requirements 1. Must be admitted to or attending a college of the City University of New York. 2

  20. Documentation of Special Circumstances FINANCIAL AID INFORMATION 2009-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    Documentation of Special Circumstances FINANCIAL AID INFORMATION 2009-2010 Brandeis University, but need to be documented before they can be included. This form gives students the opportunity to document AND ATTACH SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. #12;

  1. Guide to good practices for operator aid postings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Operator Aid Postings, Chapter XVII of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.`` The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing operator aid postings. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19.

  2. Guide to good practices for operator aid postings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Operator Aid Postings, Chapter XVII of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.'' The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing operator aid postings. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19.

  3. Naturalistic Decision Making for Power System Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivation Investigations of large-scale outages in the North American interconnected electric system often attribute the causes to three Ts: Trees, Training and Tools. To document and understand the mental processes used by expert operators when making critical decisions, a naturalistic decision making (NDM) model was developed. Transcripts of conversations were analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design An item analysis indicated that the operators Situation Awareness Levels, mental models, and mental simulations can be mapped at different points in the training scenario. This may identify improved training methods or analytical/ visualization tools. Originality/Value This study applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message The NDM approach provides a viable framework for systematic training management to accelerate learning in simulator-based training scenarios for power system operators and teams.

  4. The Effectiveness and The Goals of Foreign Aid: An Empirical Examination of Sectoral Aids Influence on Mitigating Conflicts and Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yu

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    . They funded my research and gave me valuable feedback on my earlier draft. Thanks also go to my friends and colleagues and the department faculty and staff for making my time at Texas A&M University a great experience. Finally, thanks to my mother.... The Marshall Plan, as well as the establishments of United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund played important roles for the expansion of aid doctrine. During the Cold War, foreign aid was used by the western countries and the Soviet...

  5. Form factors for generated unequal addendum and dedendum gear teeth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheets, George Frederick

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PORN FACTORS FOR GEHERLTED DREQUkL LDDERDDH /AID DEDEHDDH GEAR TEETH GEORGE FREDERICK SHEETS, JH. approved as to style and oontent by: z Head of Departnent Hayi 1952 FORM FACTORS FOR GEEERATED UEEQUAL ADDEEDUM AED DEDEEDUM GEAR TEETH... By GEORGE FREDERICK SHEETS, JR. Subnittsd to the Graduate School of ths Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillnsnt of ths requirwwnts for ths degree of May~ 1952 Ma)or Sub)set: Mechanical Engineering The advi ca f assi stanoe...

  6. A Cercla-Based Decision Model to Support Remedy Selection for an Uncertain Volume of Contaminants at a DOE Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christine E. Kerschus

    1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) operated by the Department of Energy is challenged with selecting the appropriate remediation technology to cleanup contaminants at Waste Area Group (WAG) 6. This research utilizes value-focused thinking and multiattribute preference theory concepts to produce a decision analysis model designed to aid the decision makers in their selection process. The model is based on CERCLA's five primary balancing criteria, tailored specifically to WAG 6 and the contaminants of concern, utilizes expert opinion and the best available engineering, cost, and performance data, and accounts for uncertainty in contaminant volume. The model ranks 23 remediation technologies (trains) in their ability to achieve the CERCLA criteria at various contaminant volumes. A sensitivity analysis is performed to examine the effects of changes in expert opinion and uncertainty in volume. Further analysis reveals how volume uncertainty is expected to affect technology cost, time and ability to meet the CERCLA criteria. The model provides the decision makers with a CERCLA-based decision analysis methodology that is objective, traceable, and robust to support the WAG 6 Feasibility Study. In addition, the model can be adjusted to address other DOE contaminated sites.

  7. Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A. A.

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation describes NREL's computer aided engineering program for electric drive vehicle batteries.

  8. 2014 Across-Breed EPD Adjustment Factors Released When using EPDs, bulls from one breed cannot be compared to another unless an adjustment factor is used. Since 1993,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Research Center in Clay Center, Nebraska have released adjustment factors for growth traits and maternal Tough Decisions I have heard several questions concerning 1.) Should I sell my calves at weaning?, And 2

  9. Building Stakeholder Trust: Defensible Government Decisions - 13110

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franklin, Victor A. [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administrative decisions must be grounded in reasonable expectations, founded on sound principles, and bounded by societal norms. Without these first principles, attaining and retaining public trust is a Herculean task. Decisions made by governmental administrators must be both transparent and defensible: without the former the agency will lose the public's trust and support (possibly prompting a legal challenge to the decision) and without the latter the decision may fail to withstand judicial scrutiny. This presentation and accompanying paper delves into the process by which governmental decisions can achieve both defensibility and openness through building stakeholder trust with transparency. Achieving and maintaining stakeholder trust is crucial, especially in the environs of nuclear waste management. Proving confidence, stability, and security to the surrounding citizenry as well as those throughout the country is the goal of governmental nuclear waste remediation. Guiding administrative decision-making processes and maintaining a broad bandwidth of communication are of incalculable importance to all those charged with serving the public, but are especially essential to those whose decisional impacts will be felt for millennia. A strong, clear, and concise administrative record documenting discrete decisions and overarching policy choices is the strongest defense to a decisional challenge. However, this can be accomplished using transparency as the fundamental building block. This documentation allows the decision-makers to demonstrate the synthesis of legal and technical challenges and fortifies the ground from which challenges will be defended when necessary. Further, administrative actions which capture the public's interest and captivate that interest throughout the process will result in a better-informed, more deeply-involved, and more heavily-invested group of interested parties. Management of information, involvement, and investment on the front-end of the process reaps rewards far more efficiently than attempts to assuage and mitigate the concerns of those parties after the fact and there are a number of tools Savannah River Remediation (SRR) has deployed that render transparency an ally in this context. The makers, applicators, and beneficiaries of policies and decisions will all benefit from strong administrative records which document decisional choices in an open and transparent manner and from timely, up-front management of concerns of interested parties. The strongest defense to decisional challenges is an ability to demonstrate the basis of the decision and the reason(s) that the decision was chosen over other alternatives. Providing a sound basis for defending challenges rather than avoiding or fighting over them allows the deciding entity the greatest opportunity to produce value for its customer. Often, a transparent process that invites public participation and is open for public review and comment will thwart challenge genesis. An entity that has to devote resources to defending its choices obviously cannot utilize those resources to further its mission. (authors)

  10. Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    -mouth generation at Powder River Basin How much impact would 25% wind penetration have on price ? 2 What is modeled spatial & temporal energy flows nodal prices (fuel & elec) SO2, allowance price1 Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks Electrical Engineering Professor Jim Mc

  11. International Entry Decision for Design Firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tohidi Vahdat, Amin

    2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Contractors TCE Transaction Cost Economics vii TABLE OF CONTENT Page ABSTRACT .......................................................................................................................ii DEDICATION... as ? Transaction Cost Economics Theory (TCE) ? International risk management ? Decision support system for international projects ? Organizational issues in global projects This research required an extensive literature review on global AEC projects as well...

  12. Combining Decision Procedures for Sorted Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinelli, Cesare

    setting, nor is it obvious that the method in fact lifts as is to logics with sorts. To bridge this gap decision procedures for logical theories arises in many areas of computer science and artificial to Nelson and Oppen [8]. This method is at the heart of the verification systems cvc [9], argo-lib [6

  13. Proceediigsof the 38' Conferenceon Decision & Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishizaki, Fumio

    Proceediigsof the 38' Conferenceon Decision & Control Phoenix,Arizona USA December 1999 TuAO2 10 Introduction Performance optimization of stochastic discrete event zystems (e.g., queueing syst,ems- formation Systems Inc., Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp. (WTT), Nippon Steel Information

  14. Name, title of the presentation Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -off Analysis Trade-off tool BBN topology Aggregate information as input to the trade-off tool Trust aggregation schema #12;9 Security Solution Trade-Off Analysis Risk-driven analysis Trade-off analysis best1 Name, title of the presentation Decision Support for Choice of Security Solution: The AORDD

  15. Decision support tools for policy and planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacyk, P.; Schultz, D.; Spangenberg, L.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A decision support system (DSS) is being developed at the Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The DSS will be used to evaluate alternatives for improving LANL`s existing central radioactive waste water treatment plant and to evaluate new site-wide liquid waste treatment schemes that are required in order to handle the diverse waste streams produced at LANL. The decision support system consists of interacting modules that perform the following tasks: rigorous process simulation, configuration management, performance analysis, cost analysis, risk analysis, environmental impact assessment, transportation modeling, and local, state, and federal regulation compliance checking. Uncertainty handling techniques are used with these modules and also with a decision synthesis module which combines results from the modules listed above. We believe the DSS being developed can be applied to almost any other industrial water treatment facility with little modification because in most situations the waste streams are less complex, fewer regulations apply, and the political environment is simpler. The techniques being developed are also generally applicable to policy and planning decision support systems in the chemical process industry.

  16. DECISION MODELS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    widespread applications in civilian sectors, both in private companies and in the nonmilitary government. The majority of Fortune 500 companies have utilized O.R. inside to help them in their decision making, long.R. experience, created its DRAFT #12;own permanent O.R. group within the City's Office of Management and Budget

  17. Implications for decision making: Government perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gruenspecht, H. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Implications for decision making in three areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from a governmental perspective. The first area involves issues related to the apportionment of risk. The second concerns the standard to be applied in evaluated costs. The third encompasses the international equity issues raised by policies to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

  18. Facility Targeting, Protection and Mission Decision Making Using the VISAC Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, Robert Howard [ORNL; Sulfredge, Charles David [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Visual Interactive Site Analysis Code (VISAC) is a Java-based graphical expert system developed by ORNL for the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and other sponsors to aid in targeting facilities and to predict the associated collateral effects for the go, no go mission decision making process. VISAC integrates the three concepts of target geometric modeling, damage assessment capabilities, and an event/fault tree methodology for evaluating accident/incident consequences. It can analyze a variety of accidents/incidents at nuclear or industrial facilities, ranging from simple component sabotage to an attack with military or terroist weapons. For nuclear facilities, VISAC predicts the facility damage, estimated downtime, amount and timing of any radionuclides released. used in conunction with DTRA's HPAC code, VISAC also can analyze transport and dispersion of the radionuclides, levels of contamination of the surrounding area, and the population at risk. VISAC has also been used by the NRC to aid in the development of protective measures for nuclear facilities that may be subjected to attacks by car/truck bombs.

  19. Making Weighty Decisions: Do Pre-Service Teachers Understand the Impact of Data-Driven Decisions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Lauren E.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    that students with emotional and behavioral disabilities (EBD) are in critical need of best practice or evidence based instruction, behavioral interventions, and classroom management strategies selected and implemented with teacher use of data-based decision...

  20. Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hwan Yong

    2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    the TUT research generated diverse variables and created possible implementations of spatial decision support system (SDSS), the methodology still demands improvement. The current method has been developed to create suitable routes but is not designed...

  1. Transportation Decision Support Systems Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transportation Decision Support Systems Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle and implementation of automated transportation decision support models for the scheduling and routing of cargo

  2. Decision making on the sole basis of statistical likelihood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a new axiomatic decision theory for choice under uncertainty. Unlike Bayesian decision theory where uncertainty is represented by a probability function, in our theory, uncertainty is given in the form ...

  3. Essays on household decision making in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

  4. attribute decision making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 5 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

  5. applied decision making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 7 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

  6. Including model uncertainty in risk-informed decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reinert, Joshua M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model uncertainties can have a significant impact on decisions regarding licensing basis changes. We present a methodology to identify basic events in the risk assessment that have the potential to change the decision and ...

  7. Informing design decisions : an approach to corporate building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Marc A

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an investigation into design methodologies. How do we, as designers, prepare ourselves for decision making and evaluate our assumptions and decisions? The intent is to employ this information as a basis for ...

  8. How the Koontz Decision May Affect Climate Change Policy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Please join us for a Sept. 10 webinar to discuss the Supreme Court's controversial decision in Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District and explore how the decision may affect the...

  9. A decision making framework for cruise ship design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

  10. Perceptually-Driven Decision Theory for Interactive Realistic Rendering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferwerda, James A.

    Perceptually-Driven Decision Theory for Interactive Realistic Rendering REYNALD DUMONT, FABIO rendering at interactive rates on commodity graphics hardware. The approach uses efficient perceptual metrics within a decision theoretic framework to optimally order rendering operations, pro- ducing images

  11. A Decision Support System for chemical incident information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Gaurav

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decision Support Systems (DSS) find extensive applications in business enabling industry managers to make intelligent risk decisions. Although widely used in business applications, the application of DSS to Process Safety Management has been lacking...

  12. Decisionmetrices : dynamic structural estimation of shipping investment decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dikos, George

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation develops structural models for analyzing shipping investment decisions, namely ordering, scrapping and lay-up decisions in the tanker industry. We develop models, based on a microeconomic specification, ...

  13. Decision Analysis of Dynamic Spectrum Access Rules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Juan D. Deaton; Luiz A. DaSilva; Christian Wernz

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A current trend in spectrum regulation is to incorporate spectrum sharing through the design of spectrum access rules that support Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA). This paper develops a decision-theoretic framework for regulators to assess the impacts of different decision rules on both primary and secondary operators. We analyze access rules based on sensing and exclusion areas, which in practice can be enforced through geolocation databases. Our results show that receiver-only sensing provides insufficient protection for primary and co-existing secondary users and overall low social welfare. On the other hand, using sensing information between the transmitter and receiver of a communication link, provides dramatic increases in system performance. The performance of using these link end points is relatively close to that of using many cooperative sensing nodes associated to the same access point and large link exclusion areas. These results are useful to regulators and network developers in understanding in developing rules for future DSA regulation.

  14. Equal Access Initiative HIV/AIDS Information Resources from NLM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templin-Branner W. and N. Dancy

    2010-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The Equal Access Initiative: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the National Minority AIDS Council 2010 Equal Access Initiative (EAI) Computer Grants Program awardees to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based

  15. Property:NEPA Decision | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOskiPhilipspresentsGeothermalAreaMeanCapacity JumpDecision

  16. Implications for decision making: Auto industry perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonard, S.A. [General Motors Technical Center, Warren, MI (United States)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Implications for decision making in areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the auto industry. Two methods of reducing fuel use are discussed: increasing fuel efficiency of automobiles and reducing vehicle fuel use by other methods. Regulatory and market-driven control of fuel consumption are discussed. It is concluded that the automobile industry would prefer market-driven control of fuel consumption to regulatory control of fuel efficiency.

  17. Implications for decision making: Industrial sector perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mangelsdorf, F.E. [Texaco, Inc., Beacon, NY (United States)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Implications for decision making in areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the industrial sector. Industry is presented as supportive of energy conservation measures in spite of the large uncertainties in the global warming issue. Perspectives of developed and developing countries are contrasted, and carbon dioxide emissions are compared. Socioeconomic implications of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, particularly in the form of higher prices for goods and services, are outlined.

  18. Computer models for evaluating financial decision alternatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, James Carroll

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    973 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering COMPUTER MODELS FOR EVALUATING FINANCIAL DECISION ALTERNATIVES A Thesis by JAMES CARROLL CHRISTIAN Approved as to style and content by: . '; . . i', , ( (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Depar n... of this research is to bridge this gap by de- veloping the methodology necessary to solve personal finance problems in a quantitative method through the application of engineering economy principles. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express my sincere...

  19. Computer Science and Decision Theory Fred S. Roberts 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Computer Science and Decision Theory Fred S. Roberts 1 DIMACS Center, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA froberts@dimacs.rutgers.edu Abstract This paper reviews applications in computer in the social and decision sciences of newer decision-theoretic methods developed with computer science

  20. Procuring Solar Energy: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Procuring Solar Energy: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers SEPTEMBER 2010 Solar Energy: www.ntis.gov/help/ordermethods.aspx PROCURING SOLAR ENERGY: A GUIDE FOR FEDERAL FACILITY DECISION MAKERS #12;September 2010 3 Procuring Solar Energy: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers Blaise

  1. Cash crops, smallholder decision-making and institutional interactions in a closing-frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robeson, Scott M.

    -frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico Author(s): Eric Keys and Rinku Roy Chowdhury Source: Journal of Latin American decision-making and institutional interactions in a closing frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico Eric Keys and policy factors in the municipality of Calakmul in Campeche, Mexico. Jalapeno chili is the foremost market

  2. Money Related Decommissioning and Funding Decision Making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodman, Lynne S. [Detroit Edison Company, 6400 N. Dixie Highway, Newport, Michigan 48162 (United States)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    'Money makes the world go round', as the song says. It definitely influences decommissioning decision-making and financial assurance for future decommissioning. This paper will address two money-related decommissioning topics. The first is the evaluation of whether to continue or to halt decommissioning activities at Fermi 1. The second is maintaining adequacy of financial assurance for future decommissioning of operating plants. Decommissioning costs considerable money and costs are often higher than originally estimated. If costs increase significantly and decommissioning is not well funded, decommissioning activities may be deferred. Several decommissioning projects have been deferred when decision-makers determined future spending is preferable than current spending, or when costs have risen significantly. Decommissioning activity timing is being reevaluated for the Fermi 1 project. Assumptions for waste cost-escalation significantly impact the decision being made this year on the Fermi 1 decommissioning project. They also have a major impact on the estimated costs for decommissioning currently operating plants. Adequately funding full decommissioning during plant operation will ensure that the users who receive the benefit pay the full price of the nuclear-generated electricity. Funding throughout operation also will better ensure that money is available following shutdown to allow decommissioning to be conducted without need for additional funds.

  3. Naturalistic Decision Making For Power System Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

    2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract: Motivation -- As indicated by the Blackout of 2003, the North American interconnected electric system is vulnerable to cascading outages and widespread blackouts. Investigations of large scale outages often attribute the causes to the three Ts: Trees, Training and Tools. A systematic approach has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The approach has been developed and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine naturalistic decision making (NDM) processes, transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations are analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design -- The results of the study indicate that we can map the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify clearly what mental models and mental simulations are being performed at different points in the scenario. As a result of this research we expect that we can identify improved training methods and improved analytical and visualization tools for power system operators. Originality/Value -- The research applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message -- The NDM approach provides an ideal framework for systematic training management and mitigation to accelerate learning in team-based training scenarios with high-fidelity power grid simulators.

  4. Improving radiation survey data using CADD/CAE (computer-aided design and drafting computer-aided engineering)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palau, G.L.; Tarpinian, J.E.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new application of computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) and computer-aided engineering (CAE) at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) cleanup is improving the quality of radiation survey data taken in the plant. The use of CADD/CAE-generated survey maps has increased both the accuracy of survey data and the capability to perform analyses with these data. In addition, health physics technician manhours and radiation exposure can be reduced in situations where the CADD/CAE-generated drawings are used for survey mapping.

  5. Use of wind power forecasting in operational decisions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Botterud, A.; Zhi, Z.; Wang, J.; Bessa, R.J.; Keko, H.; Mendes, J.; Sumaili, J.; Miranda, V. (Decision and Information Sciences); (INESC Porto)

    2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid expansion of wind power gives rise to a number of challenges for power system operators and electricity market participants. The key operational challenge is to efficiently handle the uncertainty and variability of wind power when balancing supply and demand in ths system. In this report, we analyze how wind power forecasting can serve as an efficient tool toward this end. We discuss the current status of wind power forecasting in U.S. electricity markets and develop several methodologies and modeling tools for the use of wind power forecasting in operational decisions, from the perspectives of the system operator as well as the wind power producer. In particular, we focus on the use of probabilistic forecasts in operational decisions. Driven by increasing prices for fossil fuels and concerns about greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, wind power, as a renewable and clean source of energy, is rapidly being introduced into the existing electricity supply portfolio in many parts of the world. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has analyzed a scenario in which wind power meets 20% of the U.S. electricity demand by 2030, which means that the U.S. wind power capacity would have to reach more than 300 gigawatts (GW). The European Union is pursuing a target of 20/20/20, which aims to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20%, increase the amount of renewable energy to 20% of the energy supply, and improve energy efficiency by 20% by 2020 as compared to 1990. Meanwhile, China is the leading country in terms of installed wind capacity, and had 45 GW of installed wind power capacity out of about 200 GW on a global level at the end of 2010. The rapid increase in the penetration of wind power into power systems introduces more variability and uncertainty in the electricity generation portfolio, and these factors are the key challenges when it comes to integrating wind power into the electric power grid. Wind power forecasting (WPF) is an important tool to help efficiently address this challenge, and significant efforts have been invested in developing more accurate wind power forecasts. In this report, we document our work on the use of wind power forecasting in operational decisions.

  6. Financial Aid Office 2011-2012 SATISFACTORY ACADEMIC APPEAL FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    .finaid.wvu.edu under "Additional Requirements". Name WVU ID WVU MIX E-Mail Telephone/Cell Local Address Term for which Montgomery On-line Program Reason for suspension from financial aid eligibility (check all that apply): 1. I

  7. A new challenge? HIV/AIDS as a development issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    children have been infected with the HIV virus · 15 million children under age 18 have lost one or both parents to AIDS. More than 12 million are in sub-Saharan Africa · The chances of orphans going to school parents or go and make money · erosion of number of teachers #12;(b) health sector · new drugs are very

  8. FINDING AID FOR THE MACDONALD COLLECTION Alan N. Queen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    FINDING AID FOR THE MACDONALD COLLECTION Alan N. Queen Binghamton University, State University) 777-6500 DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY Title THE MACDONALD COLLECTION ID Extent 8.75 linear ft. Repository in 2012. INTRODCTION Dr. Jeremiah MacDonald (1859-1918) Just before his death in 1918, Jeremiah MacDonald

  9. Tabletop robot to aid in arm rehabilitation of stroke patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Yuan, 1983-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this project was to design and build a tabletop robot that could move the arm of a patient with limited motor function around on a table in any given trajectory to aid the patient in regaining function. The ...

  10. Personalizing Web Directories with the Aid of Web Usage Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paliouras, George

    Personalizing Web Directories with the Aid of Web Usage Data Dimitrios Pierrakos, Member, IEEE of Community Web Directories, a concept that we introduced in our recent work, applying personalization to Web directories. In this context, the Web directory is viewed as a thematic hierarchy and personalization

  11. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Program PEPFAR Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Chris I.

    or public international organization awardee/subawardee agrees that it is opposed to the practices; the World Health Organization; the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative; and any United Nations agency. (3 insert this provision, which is a standard provision, in all subawards or subcontracts. d. This provision

  12. Technology computer aided design characterization needs and requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    . There are circuit level empirical models, drift-diffusion simulators, energy balance codes, full hydrodynamic model. The reverse can also be done, as a complex, first principle model needs to reproduceTechnology computer aided design characterization needs and requirements Mark E. Law Department

  13. aided energy conservation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aided energy conservation First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Energy Conservation Renewable...

  14. Implications of the KONVERGENCE Model for Difficult Cleanup Decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piet, Steven James; Dakins, Maxine Ellen; Gibson, Patrick Lavern; Joe, Jeffrey Clark; Kerr, Thomas A; Nitschke, Robert Leon

    2002-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    AbstractSome cleanup decisions, such as cleanup of intractable contaminated sites or disposal of spent nuclear fuel, have proven difficult to make. Such decisions face high resistance to agreement from stakeholders possibly because they do not trust the decision makers, view the consequences of being wrong as too high, etc. Our projects goal is to improve sciencebased cleanup decision-making. This includes diagnosing intractable situations, as a step to identifying a path toward sustainable solutions. Companion papers describe the underlying philosophy of the KONVERGENCE Model for Sustainable Decisions,1 and the overall framework and process steps.2 Where knowledge, values, and resources converge (the K, V, and R in KONVERGENCE), you will find a sustainable decision a decision that works over time. For intractable cases, serious consideration of the adaptable class of alternatives is warranted if properly implemented and packaged.

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids family planning Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sample search results for: aids family planning Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Office of Student Financial Aid Cost of Attendance Worksheet This worksheet is designed to assist...

  16. Academic Advisor Appeal Questionnaire To be submitted as part of Financial Aid Appeal Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Academic Advisor Appeal Questionnaire To be submitted as part of Financial Aid Appeal Process: ________________________________________ THE FOLLOWING IS TO BE COMPLETED BY THE ACADEMIC ADVISOR PRIOR TO FINANCIAL AID APPEAL MEETING Advisor Name: __________________________________ Department: __________________________________ Advisor Telephone: ______________________________ Advisor E

  17. The U.S. global AIDS response : norms, interests and the duty to treat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gartner, David J

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dissertation seeks to explain the transformation in the response by the United States to the challenge of global AIDS. Between 1998 and 2008, U.S. spending on global AIDS increased 50-fold to over $6 billion. Most ...

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - automated computer-aided stenosis Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    computer-aided stenosis Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automated computer-aided stenosis Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Alexander M....

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids scholarship lessons Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in F-1 Status at UH Hilo International students in F-1 status are not eligible for US government financial aid or Summary: financial aid source for scholarships, grants, and...

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids-free hiv-1-infected patients Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    free hiv-1-infected patients Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aids-free hiv-1-infected patients Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 AIDS...

  1. Aid and Peace A Critique of Foreign Assistance, Conflict and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kibriya, Shahriar

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ..................................................... 63 3.11 Comparison of Lebanon and UMIC Nations .............................................. 64 3.12 Comparison Between Per Capita aid of LMICs and Pakistan .................... 66 3.13 Comparison Between Per Capita Aid of Iraq...

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids cerebrovascular function Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sample search results for: aids cerebrovascular function Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 HEART AND STROKE FOUNDATION Grant-in-Aid Workshop The Office of Research Services invites...

  3. aid to families with dependent children: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    educational (more) Lee, Yung Soo 2011-01-01 150 STATE AID TO ENTERPRISES IN CROATIA IN 2001 CiteSeer Summary: State aid to enterprises is a form of government...

  4. FDA Approves Drug for Type 2 Diabetes Invented with Aid of Protein...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FDA Approves Drug for Type 2 Diabetes Invented with Aid of Protein Structure Data Taken at ALS FDA Approves Drug for Type 2 Diabetes Invented with Aid of Protein Structure Data...

  5. Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedlitz, Arnold; Mintz, Alex; Redd, Steven B.; Liu, Xinsheng; Alston, Letitia T.

    2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Letitia T. Alston, Ph.D. ? Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy, Bush School C O L L A B O R AT O R S Steven B. Redd, Ph.D. ? Department of Political Science, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Mark K. Davis, Ph.D. ? National Defense..., Alex Mintz, Steven B. Redd, Xinsheng Liu, and Letitia T. Alston. Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models. (March 2005). A report to the National Defense University by the Institute for Science...

  6. Efficient Transportation Decision Public Web Site: Bridging the Gap Between Transportation Planning and the Public

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roaza, Ruth

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for accomplishing transportation planning and projectprocess the Efficient Transportation Decision Making (Process - is to make transportation decisions more quickly

  7. Better Buildings Alliance Solar Decision Guide

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Businesses considering implementing solar PV may encounter widespread geographic differences regarding utility incentive structures (buy-down incentives, performance based incentives, feed-in tariffs, etc.), utility policies (net metering, interconnection requirements), regulatory structures, and permitting requirements. They might also have uncertainty about how to assess the different ownership structures (PPA, lease, own, etc.). The Solar Decision Guide can help companies navigate this complex environment to determine if investing in solar makes financial sense and to identify the regions that offer the most promising returns on solar investment.

  8. Algorithms for optimal dyadic decision trees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hush, Don [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Porter, Reid [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new algorithm for constructing optimal dyadic decision trees was recently introduced, analyzed, and shown to be very effective for low dimensional data sets. This paper enhances and extends this algorithm by: introducing an adaptive grid search for the regularization parameter that guarantees optimal solutions for all relevant trees sizes, revising the core tree-building algorithm so that its run time is substantially smaller for most regularization parameter values on the grid, and incorporating new data structures and data pre-processing steps that provide significant run time enhancement in practice.

  9. Evaluation of information bundles in engineering decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakir, Niyazi Onur

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The utility function U : L arrowrightR has an expected utility form if it satisfies U(L) = R u(x)dFL(x). The utility function U : L arrowright R has the expected utility form if and only if it is linear. The expected utility form is preserved by increasing...- lowing holds: L followsequal Lprime if and only if R u(x)dFL(x) greaterequal R u(x)dFLprime (x) Each decision maker would like to choose the action that maximizes utility in each state. However, without knowledge of the states of world, he can choose only...

  10. Decisions that led to Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData Files Data Files 1B&W Y-12 Tymes &Decisions that led

  11. OHA Decision Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the ContributionsArms Control R&DNuclear fuel recyclingArchive Download PageDecision

  12. Decision Analysis for EGS | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models | Department1 Prepared by:DTEMoab3 SEAB MeetingDecision Analysis for

  13. Mitigation of reservoir souring -- Decision process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalpakci, B.; Magri, N.F.; Ravenscroft, P.D.; McTeir, M.D.K.; Arf, G.T.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper a general H{sub 2}S decision strategy, describing the types of information which should be gathered and decisions to be made addressing an existing H{sub 2}S problem, or new field development is presented. Taking H{sub 2}S into consideration in initial facility design, types of monitoring of H{sub 2}S that should be carried out during field development and exploitation will be discussed. The usefulness of computer phase modeling, including equation of state calculations, to determine H{sub 2}S concentrations in all phases from reservoir through the production stream will also be described. From quantification of the souring problem it can then be decided if, and where in the production stream, the use of sulfide scavengers is required. A laboratory based testing procedure will be presented, along with experimental data. In addition to consideration of the basic chemistry, results of an industry survey will be presented on the best applications for commercial sulfide scavenging products.

  14. Critical infrastructure protection decision support system decision model : overview and quick-start user's guide.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samsa, M.; Van Kuiken, J.; Jusko, M.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Critical Infrastructure Protection Decision Support System Decision Model (CIPDSS-DM) is a useful tool for comparing the effectiveness of alternative risk-mitigation strategies on the basis of CIPDSS consequence scenarios. The model is designed to assist analysts and policy makers in evaluating and selecting the most effective risk-mitigation strategies, as affected by the importance assigned to various impact measures and the likelihood of an incident. A typical CIPDSS-DM decision map plots the relative preference of alternative risk-mitigation options versus the annual probability of an undesired incident occurring once during the protective life of the investment, assumed to be 20 years. The model also enables other types of comparisons, including a decision map that isolates a selected impact variable and displays the relative preference for the options of interest--parameterized on the basis of the contribution of the isolated variable to total impact, as well as the likelihood of the incident. Satisfaction/regret analysis further assists the analyst or policy maker in evaluating the confidence with which one option can be selected over another.

  15. The Aid Effectiveness Literature: The Sad Results of 40 Years of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doucouliagos, Hristos; Paldam, Martin

    covering every aspect of aid one can think of. Two points should be evident from the start: E1: Aid agencies aim at social rates of return of approximately 10% in feasibility studies of their projects. If this is realized, an aid share of 1% (of GDP... , the real rate of growth of gdp, that is, GDP per capita. Aid, h, as the share of development aid (ODA), H, of GDP/GNI, so that h = H/GDP. The model, g = g(h), may be uncontrolled or controlled for country heterogeneity, which we term absolute...

  16. Office of Legacy Management Decision Tree for Solar Photovoltaic Projects - 13317

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elmer, John; Butherus, Michael [S.M. Stoller Corporation (United States)] [S.M. Stoller Corporation (United States); Barr, Deborah L. [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To support consideration of renewable energy power development as a land reuse option, the DOE Office of Legacy Management (LM) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) established a partnership to conduct an assessment of wind and solar renewable energy resources on LM lands. From a solar capacity perspective, the larger sites in the western United States present opportunities for constructing solar photovoltaic (PV) projects. A detailed analysis and preliminary plan was developed for three large sites in New Mexico, assessing the costs, the conceptual layout of a PV system, and the electric utility interconnection process. As a result of the study, a 1,214-hectare (3,000-acre) site near Grants, New Mexico, was chosen for further study. The state incentives, utility connection process, and transmission line capacity were key factors in assessing the feasibility of the project. LM's Durango, Colorado, Disposal Site was also chosen for consideration because the uranium mill tailings disposal cell is on a hillside facing south, transmission lines cross the property, and the community was very supportive of the project. LM worked with the regulators to demonstrate that the disposal cell's long-term performance would not be impacted by the installation of a PV solar system. A number of LM-unique issues were resolved in making the site available for a private party to lease a portion of the site for a solar PV project. A lease was awarded in September 2012. Using a solar decision tree that was developed and launched by the EPA and NREL, LM has modified and expanded the decision tree structure to address the unique aspects and challenges faced by LM on its multiple sites. The LM solar decision tree covers factors such as land ownership, usable acreage, financial viability of the project, stakeholder involvement, and transmission line capacity. As additional sites are transferred to LM in the future, the decision tree will assist in determining whether a solar PV project is feasible on the new sites. (authors)

  17. Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making:...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Applying Climate...

  18. Department of Energy Announces Decision to Consolidate Surplus...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Issues Amended Decision to Expand Use of Nuclear Facility Top: MOX Services President Kelly Trice, left, presents a certificate to Wise President and Owner David Abney and Wise...

  19. Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ihong

    2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol. Design for Recycled Material Flows. Reverse logistics networks often consist of several tiers with independent

  20. Optimization Online - Binary Decision Rules for Multistage Adaptive ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitris Bertsimas

    2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 20, 2014 ... ... decision rules that are highly scalable and achieve good quality solutions. ... Category 2: Applications -- OR and Management Sciences.

  1. Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro Storage Systems using ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Trading with a system of hydro storage plants in a wholesale electricity market involves many decisions ...... prices due to higher demand for heating and cooling.

  2. Data-driven resource allocation decisions : FEMA's disaster recovery centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moline, Julia N. (Julia Nessa)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resource allocation decisions in post-disaster operations are challenging because of situational dynamics, insufficient information, organizational culture, political context, and urgency. We propose a methodology to create ...

  3. Automobile Buyer Decisions about Fuel Economy and Fuel Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Thomas

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consumer Response to Automobile Regulation and TechnologicalConsumer Discounting of Automobile Fuel Economy: ReviewingDecisions: Evidence from Automobiles Research Report.

  4. Binary Decision Rules for Multistage Adaptive Mixed-Integer ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 20, 2014 ... In the first test series, we compared the performance of the binary decision rules versus the non- ..... involving indicator functions is NP-hard.

  5. Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...

  6. Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision Making Preprint Sertac Akar and Katherine R. Young National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at the Fourtieth...

  7. Robust Decision Making using a General Utility Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences ... Utility is a fundamental concept in economics and decision theory. In this paper, we study a

  8. advanced clinical decision: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    category during the post- intervention period was 32% in CDSS communities and 5 Campbell, A. Malcolm 11 Bayes Sequential Decision Theory in a Clinical Trial with Binary...

  9. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planning Problem Some smart quote Introduction Decision problems underpin nearly all activities in systems ranging from individual robots, to networked power grids.

  10. Characterizing Uncertainty for Regional Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unwin, Stephen D.; Moss, Richard H.; Rice, Jennie S.; Scott, Michael J.

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This white paper describes the results of new research to develop an uncertainty characterization process to help address the challenges of regional climate change mitigation and adaptation decisions.

  11. Engaging Non-IT Executives in IT Infrastructure Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fonstad, Nils O.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This case study describes how information technology (IT) managers from Insurance Co. successfully engaged non-IT executives in IT infrastructure investment decisions. This

  12. Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaska Oil Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leighty, Wayne

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RR-08-26 Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaskarapid or gradual energy production in the future? Doesnet social benefit from energy production and achieving a

  13. Risk-Averse Dynamic Programming for Markov Decision Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Ruszczynski

    2009-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 19, 2009 ... Abstract: We introduce the concept of a Markov risk measure and we use it to formulate risk-averse control problems for two Markov decision...

  14. Risk-Averse Dynamic Programming for Markov Decision Processes?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the concept of a Markov risk measure and we use it to formulate risk-averse control problems for two Markov decision models: a finite horizon.

  15. Politically rational foreign policy decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, Charles Todd

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    and institutional arrangements? (1988, 432). Second, Putnam contends that there are few theories that connect domestic and international politics. ?We need to move beyond the mere observation that domestic factors influence international affairs and vice versa...

  16. Representing Asymmetric Decision Problems Using Coarse Valuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Liping; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Support Systems 37 (2004) 119?135120 example of a highly asymmetric decision problem [15,22,23]. Joe is considering buying a 3-year-old Spartan sedan at a price of US$1000. The going rate for a similar car in the used car market is US$1100. Joe is unsure... of X and r is a payoff valuation of Y. Their combination, denoted by pC10r or rC10p, is a payoff valuation of Z=X[Y defined as follows: ?p C10 r??z??p?x??r?y?; ?1? where x and y are respectively the projection of z to X and Y, which are defined...

  17. Risk, ambiguity and quantum decision theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riccardo Franco

    2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present article we use the quantum formalism to describe the effects of risk and ambiguity in decision theory. The main idea is that the probabilities in the classic theory of expected utility are estimated probabilities, and thus do not follow the classic laws of probability theory. In particular, we show that it is possible to use consistently the classic expected utility formula, where the probability associated to the events are computed with the equation of quantum interference. Thus we show that the correct utility of a lottery can be simply computed by adding to the classic expected utility a new corrective term, the uncertainty utility, directly connected with the quantum interference term.

  18. Public involvement in radioactive waste management decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current repository siting efforts focus on Yucca Mountain, Nevada, where DOE`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is conducting exploratory studies to determine if the site is suitable. The state of Nevada has resisted these efforts: it has denied permits, brought suit against DOE, and publicly denounced the federal government`s decision to study Yucca Mountain. The state`s opposition reflects public opinion in Nevada, and has considerably slowed DOE`s progress in studying the site. The Yucca Mountain controversy demonstrates the importance of understanding public attitudes and their potential influence as DOE develops a program to manage radioactive waste. The strength and nature of Nevada`s opposition -- its ability to thwart if not outright derail DOE`s activities -- indicate a need to develop alternative methods for making decisions that affect the public. This report analyzes public participation as a key component of this openness, one that provides a means of garnering acceptance of, or reducing public opposition to, DOE`s radioactive waste management activities, including facility siting and transportation. The first section, Public Perceptions: Attitudes, Trust, and Theory, reviews the risk-perception literature to identify how the public perceives the risks associated with radioactivity. DOE and the Public discusses DOE`s low level of credibility among the general public as the product, in part, of the department`s past actions. This section looks at the three components of the radioactive waste management program -- disposal, storage, and transportation -- and the different ways DOE has approached the problem of public confidence in each case. Midwestern Radioactive Waste Management Histories focuses on selected Midwestern facility-siting and transportation activities involving radioactive materials.

  19. DEVELOPMENT OF DEWATERING AIDS FOR MINERALS AND COAL FINES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roe-Hoam Yoon; Ramazan Asmatulu; Ismail Yildirim; William Jansen; Jinmig Zhang; Brad Atkinson; Jeff Havens

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MCT has developed a suite of novel dewatering chemicals (or aids) that are designed to cause a decrease in the capillary pressures of the water trapped in a filter cake by (1) decreasing the surface tension of water, (2) increasing the contact angles of the particles to be dewatered, and (3) causing the particles to coagulate, all at the same time. The decrease in capillary pressure in turn causes an increase in the rate filtration, an increase in throughput, and a decrease in pressure drop requirement for filtration. The reagents are used frequently as blends of different chemicals in order to bring about the changes in all of the process variables noted above. The minerals and coal samples tested in the present work included copper sulfide, lead sulfide, zinc sulfide, kaolin clay, talc, and silica. The laboratory-scale test work included studies of reagent types, drying cycle times, cake thickness, slurry temperature, conditioning intensity and time, solid content, and reagent dosages. To better understand the mechanisms involved, fundamental studies were also conducted. These included the measurements of the contact angles of the particles to be dewatered (which are the measures of particle hydrophobicity) and the surface tensions of the filtrates produced from dewatering tests. The results of the laboratory-scale filtration experiments showed that the use of the novel dewatering aids can reduce the moistures of the filter cake by 30 to 50% over what can be achieved using no dewatering aids. In many cases, such high levels of moisture reductions are sufficient to obviate the needs for thermal drying, which is costly and energy intensive. Furthermore, the use of the novel dewatering aids cause a substantial increase in the kinetics of dewatering, which in turn results in increased throughput. As a result of these technological advantages, the novel dewatering aids have been licensed to Nalco, which is one of the largest mining chemicals companies of the world. At least one mineral company is currently using the technology in full-scale plant operation, which has resulted in the shutdown of a thermal dryer.

  20. Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knobloch,Jürgen

    Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation The power factor (PF) is defined as the ratio between the active power and the apparent power of a system. If the current and voltage are periodic with period , and [ ), then the active power is defined by ( ) ( ) (their inner product

  1. Depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) management system--a decision tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gasper, J.R.; Sutter, R.J.; Avci, H.I. [and others

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) Management System (DMS) is being developed as a decision tool to provide cost and risk data for evaluation of short-and long-term management strategies for depleted uranium. It can be used to assist decision makers on a programmatic or site-specific level. Currently, the DMS allows evaluation of near-term cylinder management strategies such as storage yard improvements, cylinder restocking, and reconditioning. The DMS has been designed to provide the user with maximum flexibility for modifying data and impact factors (e.g., unit costs and risk factors). Sensitivity analysis can be performed on all key parameters such as cylinder corrosion rate, inspection frequency, and impact factors. Analysis may be conducted on a system-wide, site, or yard basis. The costs and risks from different scenarios may be compared in graphic or tabular format. Ongoing development of the DMS will allow similar evaluation of long-term management strategies such as conversion to other chemical forms. The DMS is a Microsoft Windows 3.1 based, stand-alone computer application. It can be operated on a 486 or faster computer with VGA, 4 MB of RAM, and 10 MB of disk space.

  2. Factored Models for Multiscale Decision-Making in Smart Grid Customers Prashant P. Reddy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veloso, Manuela M.

    of customers in the management of demand, and renewable energy supply, is a critical goal of the Smart Grid on offering customers financial incentives through variable-price tariffs; we also contribute an ef- fective the past decade (Str- bac 2008). Smart Grid customers are steadily acquiring dis- tributed renewable

  3. Initial Risk Analysis and Decision Making Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercialization of new carbon capture simulation initiative (CCSI) technology will include two key elements of risk management, namely, technical risk (will process and plant performance be effective, safe, and reliable) and enterprise risk (can project losses and costs be controlled within the constraints of market demand to maintain profitability and investor confidence). Both of these elements of risk are incorporated into the risk analysis subtask of Task 7. Thus far, this subtask has developed a prototype demonstration tool that quantifies risk based on the expected profitability of expenditures when retrofitting carbon capture technology on a stylized 650 MW pulverized coal electric power generator. The prototype is based on the selection of specific technical and financial factors believed to be important determinants of the expected profitability of carbon capture, subject to uncertainty. The uncertainty surrounding the technical performance and financial variables selected thus far is propagated in a model that calculates the expected profitability of investments in carbon capture and measures risk in terms of variability in expected net returns from these investments. Given the preliminary nature of the results of this prototype, additional work is required to expand the scope of the model to include additional risk factors, additional information on extant and proposed risk factors, the results of a qualitative risk factor elicitation process, and feedback from utilities and other interested parties involved in the carbon capture project. Additional information on proposed distributions of these risk factors will be integrated into a commercial implementation framework for the purpose of a comparative technology investment analysis.

  4. APPLICATION OF PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS: DECISION MAKING WITH FORECAST UNCERTAINTY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    1 APPLICATION OF PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS: DECISION MAKING WITH FORECAST UNCERTAINTY Rick Katz.isse.ucar.edu/HP_rick/dmuu.pdf #12;2 QUOTES ON USE OF PROBABILITY FORECASTS · Lao Tzu (Chinese Philosopher) "He who knows does and Value of Probability Forecasts (4) Cost-Loss Decision-Making Model (5) Simulation Example (6) Economic

  5. Utility Independence in a Qualitative Decision Theory Fahiem Bacchus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacchus, Fahiem

    or utilities quickly becomes unmanageable. Further- more, such a listing might obscure valuable structureUtility Independence in a Qualitative Decision Theory Fahiem Bacchus Department of Computer Science Qualitative accounts of utility modeling and decision theory o er the prospect of rea- soning about preference

  6. MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012 TT 12:30-2:00, GSB 3.106 Professor James S. Dyer. Materials Required: The primary textbook is: (C&R) Clemen, R. and Reilly, T., Making Hard Decisions, South Grove, CA: Duxbury Press (ISBN 0-324-66244-0) (TM) Titman, T. and J. D. Martin. 2011, 2 nd Edition

  7. Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making: An Overview and Future Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making: An Overview and Future Course Mica R. Endsley SA Technologies Robert Hoffman Institute for Human-Machine Cognition David Kaber North Carolina State University Emilie Roth Roth Cognitive Engineering ABSTRACT: The field of cognitive engineering and decision making

  8. GIDA____________________ Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klippel, Alexander

    , pp . 129-139 GIDA 2001 ISSN 1480-8943 Sharing Exploratory Geospatial Analysis and Decision Making networks, mobile computing devices and other location-based #12;Sharing Exploratory Geospatial AnalysisGIDA____________________ Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis 2001, Vol. 5, No.2

  9. Stochastic methods for improving secondary production decisions under compositional uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    secondary recovery industry. Secondary recovery forestalls depletion of non-renewable resources and avoidsStochastic methods for improving secondary production decisions under compositional uncertainty and Optimization Program #12;2 #12;3 Stochastic methods for improving secondary production decisions under

  10. BEHAVIOR PREDICTION FOR DECISION AND CONTROL IN COGNITIVE AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    BEHAVIOR PREDICTION FOR DECISION AND CONTROL IN COGNITIVE AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS ASOK RAY*, SHASHI for decision and control in cognitive autonomous systems. The objective is to coordinate human­machine collaboration such that human operators can assess and enable autonomous systems to utilize their experi- ential

  11. Decision Center for a Desert City Water/Climate Briefings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    Water and its Role in Mitigation of Surface/Ground water depletion ­ Max Krzyzewski Climate Change EfDecision Center for a Desert City Water/Climate Briefings A place where multiple perspectives with the public policy community to investigate water, climate, decision-making and vulnerability

  12. COOPERATION BETWEEN BUSINESS AND HOLONIC MANUFACTURING DECISION SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    COOPERATION BETWEEN BUSINESS AND HOLONIC MANUFACTURING DECISION SYSTEMS Rémi Pannequin, André holonic products, in order to enable cooperation between centralised business and distributed of the holonic product and finally study the possible interaction protocols between the products and the decision

  13. Smarter Cropping: Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 26 Smarter Cropping Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops Along the coastal plains of Texas, farmers and crop managers are using the Internet to make more informed decisions about growing...

  14. Revision of Qualitative Multi-Attribute Decision Models Martin Znidarsic*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    881 Revision of Qualitative Multi-Attribute Decision Models Martin Znidarsic* Marko Bohanec** Jozef.znidarsic@ijs.si **Email: marko.bohanec@ijs.si Abstract Data-driven revision of decision models is defined as follows: given an existing model and a set of data items, revise the model to match the data items. In this paper

  15. DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR MANAGEMENT OF WATER SOURCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR MANAGEMENT OF WATER SOURCES Nejc Trdin1, 2 , Marko Bohanec1 , Mitja.bohanec}@ijs.si, mitja.janza@geo-zs.si ABSTRACT Meeting the quality criteria for drinking water is one of the areas which of data collected while monitoring water adequacy, an expert carries a large burden and also his decisions

  16. Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment Dima Mufti-Alchawafa1 , Vanda.Vadcard}@imag.fr Abstract. In this paper we present our model of the didactic decision-making process and our method environment a model of knowledge (Luengo & al., 2004), a model of knowledge diagnosis and a model of didactic

  17. 2009 EMS Users Conference Expert Operator Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , abnormal summaries, charts, map boards) that reflect thousands of variables 7 #12;Power Grid Operations National Laboratory September 16, 2009 PNNL-SA-68226 #12;Overview Power Grid Expert Operator Decision Model Improvements Operator Decision Model: An application of Cognitive Science Power grid operations: Complex

  18. Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making1 Vania Peneva, Ivan Popchev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    vary in time. Fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic are powerful mathematical tools for modeling and control- ling1 6 Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making1 Vania Peneva, Ivan Popchev Institute of Information- searching of models for decision making support in multicriteria problems under uncertainties from fuzzy

  19. "LIFE OF FIELD" DEVELOPMENT DECISIONS, DOE-SUPPORTED SIMULATION SOFTWARE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    , Polymer flooding, ASP or lower concentration flooding, and CO2). WHO SHOULD ATTEND Petroleum Engineers"LIFE OF FIELD" DEVELOPMENT DECISIONS, DOE-SUPPORTED SIMULATION SOFTWARE AS A DECISION SUPPORT TOOL, and ultimately enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes. DOE-developed simulation software packages

  20. 1 INTRODUCTION The replacement investment decision is clearly a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 INTRODUCTION The replacement investment decision is clearly a strategic objective of a company for the replacement decision largely depends on the company context. However, we can summarize the motivations leading over time and prove that the replacement policy at equal intervals is optimum. However, the linear

  1. NREL Software Aids Offshore Wind Turbine Designs (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL researchers are supporting offshore wind power development with computer models that allow detailed analyses of both fixed and floating offshore wind turbines. While existing computer-aided engineering (CAE) models can simulate the conditions and stresses that a land-based wind turbine experiences over its lifetime, offshore turbines require the additional considerations of variations in water depth, soil type, and wind and wave severity, which also necessitate the use of a variety of support-structure types. NREL's core wind CAE tool, FAST, models the additional effects of incident waves, sea currents, and the foundation dynamics of the support structures.

  2. SNL Mechanical Computer Aided Design (MCAD) guide 2007.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, Brandon; Pollice, Stephanie L.; Martinez, Jack R.

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is considered a mechanical design best-practice guide to new and experienced designers alike. The contents consist of topics related to using Computer Aided Design (CAD) software, performing basic analyses, and using configuration management. The details specific to a particular topic have been leveraged against existing Product Realization Standard (PRS) and Technical Business Practice (TBP) requirements while maintaining alignment with sound engineering and design practices. This document is to be considered dynamic in that subsequent updates will be reflected in the main title, and each update will be published on an annual basis.

  3. NALDA (Naval Aviation Logistics Data Analysis) CAI (computer aided instruction)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Handler, B.H. (Oak Ridge K-25 Site, TN (USA)); France, P.A.; Frey, S.C.; Gaubas, N.F.; Hyland, K.J.; Lindsey, A.M.; Manley, D.O. (Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (USA)); Hunnum, W.H. (North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (USA)); Smith, D.L. (Memphis State Univ., TN (USA))

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel developed a prototype computer aided instruction CAI system for the Naval Aviation Logistics Data Analysis (NALDA) system. The objective of this project was to provide a CAI prototype that could be used as an enhancement to existing NALDA training. The CAI prototype project was performed in phases. The task undertaken in Phase I was to analyze the problem and the alternative solutions and to develop a set of recommendations on how best to proceed. The findings from Phase I are documented in Recommended CAI Approach for the NALDA System (Duncan et al., 1987). In Phase II, a structured design and specifications were developed, and a prototype CAI system was created. A report, NALDA CAI Prototype: Phase II Final Report, was written to record the findings and results of Phase II. NALDA CAI: Recommendations for an Advanced Instructional Model, is comprised of related papers encompassing research on computer aided instruction CAI, newly developing training technologies, instructional systems development, and an Advanced Instructional Model. These topics were selected because of their relevancy to the CAI needs of NALDA. These papers provide general background information on various aspects of CAI and give a broad overview of new technologies and their impact on the future design and development of training programs. The paper within have been index separately elsewhere.

  4. Significant Enhancement of Computational Efficiency in Nonlinear Multiscale Battery Model for Computer Aided Engineering (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, G.; Pesaran, A.; Smith, K.; Graf, P.; Jun, M.; Yang, C.; Li, G.; Li, S.; Hochman, A.; Tselepidakis, D.; White, J.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation discusses the significant enhancement of computational efficiency in nonlinear multiscale battery model for computer aided engineering in current research at NREL.

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - aided concurrent engineering Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    concurrent engineering Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aided concurrent engineering Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 First-class...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids acquired immunodeficiency Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    when your medical records contain information relating to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS... -disclosure If the information to be released contains any information...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - aided differential diagnosis Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Collection: Mathematics 3 932 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 26, NO. 5, MAY 2007 Multiple-Fault Diagnosis Based On...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids services Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY -DEKALB, IL Summary: Training Kathy Johnson Financial Aid Advisor III Customer Service Kathy Morisette Counselor VETS & SAP File... Review Reevaluation...

  9. aids kaposi sarcoma-derived: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  10. The AIDS Poets, 1985-1995: From Anti-Elegy to Lyric Queerness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorelik, Aaron Bradley

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Transformation in Six American Poets. New York: Norton,2005. Klein, Michael, ed. Poets for Life:Seventy-Six Poets respond to AIDS. New York: Crown, 1989.

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - aid agreements essential Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Source: Louisiana Forest Products Development Center Collection: Renewable Energy 14 Carboxy-terminal domain of AID required for its mRNA complex formation in vivo...

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids vaccines Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Harvard University Collection: Biology and Medicine 69 Vaccine 21 (2003) 28622870 Optimising vaccination strategies in equine influenza Summary: -l vaccines. J AIDS...

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - aid food delivery Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology 8 Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal Summary: changes in people's food habits and increased dependence on food aid. The...

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - aided software engineering Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Design Iterative Summary: edge n Pro Engineer (Pro E) n Catia n Microstation n Solid Works n Autocad Drafting 2D modeling... - Artificial Intelligence - Computer Aided...

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids care services Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    consultation and resources Summary: and referrals. Examples include: Housing Options Home Health Aides Evaluating care options Special needs... resources Transportation Services...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - aided ct image Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    10 ARTICLE IN PRESS Computer-Aided Design ( ) Summary: a limited number of computed tomography (CT) images. The three-dimensional template geometry of a healthy... contour shown...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids maintain normal Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and control rules representing... . By maintaining an explicit representation of the exploration process, in addition to its individual actions, Aide... on a system to help...

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - aid breast cancer Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    breast cancer Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aid breast cancer Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Summer Internship Results Symposium ...

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids root-cause analysis Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for: aids root-cause analysis Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Automating configuration troubleshooting with dynamic information flow analysis Summary: these problems by...

  20. Projection and Reaction for Decision Support in Refineries: Combining Multiple Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krebsbach, Kurt D.

    Projection and Reaction for Decision Support in Refineries: Combining Multiple Theories Kurt D system to provide decision support for refinery operations personnel (Krebsbach & Musliner 1997; Musliner to provide sufficiently flexible decision support in complex environments. Background: Refinery Control

  1. Enhancing the systems decision process with flexibility analysis for optimal unmanned aircraft system selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmann, Chris H., III (Christopher Henry)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems Engineers often conduct decision analysis in order to provide decision makers with a quantifiable means to make decisions. However, the field of Systems Engineering is often criticized for focusing on processes and ...

  2. STATE AND TRAIT ANXIETY EFFECTS ON DECISION-MAKING: PREDICTING HEURISTIC VERSUS ANALYTIC STRATEGY ADOPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Hare, Aminda Jo

    2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of mood states on decision-making behavior has revealed two styles of decision making: heuristic and analytic (Fiedler, 1991). When the limited research on anxious moods and decision-making style is considered, ...

  3. Developing a Framework to Support Shared Decision Making for Youth Mental Health Medication Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crickard, Elizabeth L.; O'Brien, Megan S.; Rapp, Charles A.; Holmes, Cheryl L.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Medical shared decision making has demonstrated success in increasing collaboration between clients and practitioners for various health decisions. As the importance of a shared decision making approach becomes ...

  4. Record of Decision for Amchitka Surface Closure, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Record of Decision has been prepared to document the remedial actions taken on Amchitka Island to stabilize contaminants associated with drilling mud pits generated as a result of nuclear testing operations conducted on the island. This document has been prepared in accordance with the recommended outline in the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation guidance on decision documentation under the Site Cleanup Rules (18 AAC 75.325-18 AAC 75.390) (ADEC 1999). It also describes the decision-making process used to establish the remedial action plans and defines the associated human health and ecological risks for the remediation.

  5. Two Axiomatic Approaches to Decision Making Using Possibility Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2005-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    . Uncertainty about which possible state will occur is represented by a possibility distribution that is a mapping ? : S ? V such that max s?S ?(s) = 1. The possibility of a subset A ?S, ?(A) def =max s?A ?(s). Let X = {x 1 ,x 2 ,...x n } denote a ?nite set... of consequences or prizes. To avoid trivialities, X is assumed to have at least two distinct elements, i.e., n ? 2. A decision is a mapping d : S ? X. That is, decision d results in con- sequence d(s) if state s occurs. Notice that each decision d induces a pos...

  6. Between a Rock and a Soft Place: Investigating prima facie irrationality and farmers' decision-making in the cotton region of south-western Chad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnier, Matthias

    2012-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    access to inputs and credit that are systemically unavailable via other crops. It will also show that social factors such as inedibility of cotton or applied informal peer-pressure to grow cotton form irrefutable elements of farmers agricultural decision...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative decision strategies Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    strategy: reelection New... decision strategy: suicide New Strategies for Revocation in Ad-Hoc Networks Tyler Moore, Jolyon Clulow... New decision strategy: reelection New ......

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - alters economic decision Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    economic decision Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alters economic decision Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Economics Special Topics...

  9. On-Board Fuel Processing Go No-Go Decision, August 2004

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    DOE Decision Report on Go/No-go decision on on-board fuel processing task for fuel cell vehicles. Revised report published August 2004.

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced decision support Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    document that allows Summary: future health care and medical research decisions. The NIH advance directive docu- ment only takes effect... decisions for you If you become...

  11. SciTech Connect: Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems A...

  12. Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmittner, Andreas

    Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability Subtitle: Climate Change is an Economic Problem­ source and solutions lie in realm of social science Susan M. Capalbo Professor and Head, Applied Economics (formerly

  13. Joint pricing and inventory decision for competitive products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ye, Kelly (Kelly Yunqing)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the joint pricing and inventory decision problem for a single retailer who orders, stocks and sells multiple products. The products are competitive in nature, e.g., these maybe similar products from multiple ...

  14. Design of Near Optimal Decision Rules in Multistage Adaptive ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Process Systems Engineering Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, ...... revealed, in response to which the decision maker takes the a second pair of .... where constant ?max denote the maximum demand that can occur in each...

  15. Reliability improvement project decision making : water cooling system redesign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devine, Paul (Paul S.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deciding on which reliability & performance improvement projects to launch or to reject has historically been an extremely challenging responsibility of Teradyne management. Incorrect decisions can lead to major customer ...

  16. Applications of Belief Functions in Business Decisions: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Rajendra P.; Liu, Liping

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we review recent applications of Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) of belief functions to auditing and business decision-making. We show how DST can better map uncertainties in the application domains than ...

  17. Including costs of supply chain risk in strategic sourcing decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Avani

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cost evaluations do not always include the costs associated with risks when organizations make strategic sourcing decisions. This research was conducted to establish and quantify the impact of risks and risk-related costs ...

  18. Scientia : An end user development environment for decision support systems/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Clayton Tyler

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes an end user programming environment that allows non-programmers to create decision support protocols for use on electronic devices. User centered design techniques were followed to identify the ...

  19. P:\\DECISION\\psh-12-0117.wpd

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the case number of the decision in the search engine located at http:www.oha.doe.govsearch.htm. * The original of this document contains information which is subject to...

  20. Statistical Decisions Using Likelihood Information Without Prior Probabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a decision-theoretic approach to statistical inference that satisfies the Likelihood Principle (LP) without using prior information. Unlike the Bayesian approach, which also satisfies LP, we do not ...

  1. Introducing Impact Analysis for Architectural Decisions Matthias Riebisch, Sven Wohlfarth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riebisch, Matthias

    of the architectural decisions during the development and evolution of systems of this kind are frequently called are the definition of a middleware plat- form, of a database management system (DBMS) or an architectural style

  2. Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Meeting December 12, 2014 To view all the P&RA CoP 2014 Technical Exchange Meeting videos click here. Video Presentation Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at...

  3. Improving enterprise decision-making : the benefits of metric commonality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Alissa H. (Alissa Heather)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to identify a new approach in managing, and making internal program-level decisions from, externally tracked performance metrics. Industry observations indicate the increasing challenge ...

  4. The Decision Rule Approach to Optimisation under Uncertainty ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Robust Optimisation, Decision Rules, Optimisation under Uncertainty. ... in turn lead to the underperformance or complete breakdown of production processes. Yet,. 1 ...... 5: Energy Systems Engineering, M. Georgiadis, E. Kikkinides, and E.

  5. HIERARCHY OF PRODUCTION DECISIONS Forecasts of future demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    HIERARCHY OF PRODUCTION DECISIONS Forecasts of future demand Aggregate plan Master production Planning and Forecast Bias · Forecast error seldom is normally distributed · There are few finite planning

  6. Representing Uncertainty in Decision Support Harvey J. Greenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Harvey J.

    , such as not knowing how much oil is underground? Is it noise, such as measurement error? Is it ambiguity, such as what defines a proven reserve? · Time scale. Is the decision a strategic one, to cover a planning horizon

  7. Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The order establishes the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy elements to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General audits and public inspection reports. Cancels DOE O 221.3.

  8. Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) action required to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General (OIG) audit and public inspection reports. Cancels DOE 2320.2B

  9. Automation and Accountability in Decision Support System Interface Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M. L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When the human element is introduced into decision support system design, entirely new layers of social and ethical issues emerge but are not always recognized as such. This paper discusses those ethical and social impact ...

  10. Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    science is at the heart of decisions we make. From energy to environmental protection to health care reform, Americans will be well served by this approach. " Media contact(s):...

  11. Robust Decision-Support Tools for Airport Surface Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Francis R.

    Forecasts of departure demand are one of the driving inputs to tactical decision-support tools (DSTs) for airport surface traffic. While there are well-known results on average- or worst-case forecast uncertainty, it is ...

  12. Robust decision-support tools for airport surface traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Francis R. (Francis Russell), 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forecasts of departure demand are one of the driving inputs to tactical decision-support tools (DSTs) for airport surface traffic. While there are well-known results on average- or worst-case forecast uncertainty, it is ...

  13. Decision-making processes in shipping acquisitions and shipbuilding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroulis, Vasileios

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this thesis is to expand and analyze the decisions that are constantly being made by shipping companies concerning acquisition of newbuildings, the construction of newbuildings, operational aspects as well ...

  14. accelerating policy decisions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tiongson 2012-01-01 56 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  15. Cybersecurity Games and Investments: A Decision Support Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malacaria, Pasquale

    Cybersecurity Games and Investments: A Decision Support Approach Emmanouil Panaousis1 , Andrew or inefficient spending on cybersecurity. To this end, we first model the cybersecurity environment multi-objective, multi- ple choice Knapsack to determine the optimal cybersecurity investment. Our

  16. A framework for decision support in systems architecting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Willard Lennox

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to provide a method and tool to leverage computational resources to empower a systems architect to reason about architectural decisions more comprehensively and effectively compared to ...

  17. Traits Affecting Household Livestock Marketing Decisions in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traits Affecting Household Livestock Marketing Decisions in Rural Kenya Katherine L. Baldwin community of Central Kenya, we regressed household offtake rate of both cattle and smallstock against in Kenya. Because pastoralist economies depend almost exclusively upon livestock production, most recent

  18. Nondeterministic Action and Dominance: Foundations for Planning and Qualitative Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horty, John F.

    . Thomason John F. Horty Intelligent Systems Program Philosophy Department and UMIACS University no role here for the reasoning about risk that is the core of decision theory. However, the need for true

  19. Modeling and Analysis in Support of Decision Making for Technological Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenhart, S

    2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering design, resource allocation, military operations, and investment strategies share a major common trait, which is, to a large extent, independent of their different origins, specific features, and intended goals. The unifying trait is the fact that, in any of these endeavors, one has to make reasonable choices, at multiple levels of decision making, among various possible and sometimes competing prospective solutions to an important and consequential practical problem. While the specifics of the problem depend on application, context, additional constraints, etc., the ultimate--albeit imprecise--goal in all these activities is to ''optimize performance,'' which is to have maximal success/profit/return with minimal time/effort/investment. In general, the underlying system is ruled by complex and often unknown dynamics, and affected by various uncertainties, which are unknown as well; on the other hand, there are numerous levels of decision making, which result in a hierarchical structure in the decision process (tree) that is both asynchronous and non-deterministic. Usually, indifferent of the specific application, as one lowers the level of decision making, alternatives depend on fewer independent variables and models become more detailed and physics/engineering based. On the contrary, at higher levels, various components aggregate and decision making is based more on fuzzier criteria instead of readily quantifiable physics/engineering details. Moreover, decisions are strongly influenced by the educational and personal biases of the people who take them. In some instances, this may blur, if not totally obfuscate objective comparisons between various options. Therefore, a crucial point in decision-making is properly understanding and quantifying the tradeoffs, including all their future relevant consequences. Since the interaction between various choices is an intricate nonlinear process, the focus shifts from the dynamics itself to the overall performance and affordability. This is not unreasonable, since oftentimes major upgrades on some components have little impact, while minor upgrades of other components turn out to be critical. To illustrate the approach, we assume that one deals with only two levels. At the lower level, physical/engineering processes are described by continuous and/or discrete, analytic and/or computer models. These models are supposed to be deterministic (e.g. dynamics as ruled by well established physical laws), but their outcome may depend in an unpredictable way on: (i) small nonlinearities unaccounted for in the model development and/or (ii) factors that--at the specific level of modelization--may be treated as stochastic terms (weather conditions, human factors, political circumstances, fluctuations in the quality of carburant, wear and tear, etc.) To this extent, the outcomes of the model processes may be considered stochastic variables/fields with a certain probability distribution function (PDF). Upon many realizations of the model, one can get reliable information about the essential features of this PDF.

  20. The Energy Policy Pyramid - A Hierarchal Tool for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vieira, R. K.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    often fail to account for all costs of fuel choices. The cost and benefit of the alternative in both an energy accounting system based on Btus (Joules) as well as pollution and other benefits must be considered. In this decade, hydrogen has been...THE ENERGY POLICY PYRAMID A HIERARCHAL TOOL FOR DECISION MAKERS ROBIN K. VIEIRA, DIRECTOR, BRD DIV. , FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER, COCOA, FL ABSTRACT Policies of dealing with energy programs are often misdirected. Decision makers...

  1. The implications of consumer surplus levels for equitable pricing decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Neal Alan

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONSUMER SURPLUS LEVELS POR EQUITABLE PRICING DECISIONS A Thesis by NEAL ALAN CHRISTENSEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONSUMER SURPLUS LEVELS FOR EQUITABLE PRICING DECISIONS A Thesis by NEAL ALAN CHRISTENSEN Approved as to style and content by: William P...

  2. Multi-criteria decision-making process for buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J. D.; Curtner, A.

    2000-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on a process designed to facilitate two key decisions early in the building design process that are critical to a building's sustainability. As vital decisions are made during the building's design, the process and accompanying tools assist the design team in prioritizing their goals, setting performance targets, and evaluating design options to ensure that the most important issues affecting building sustainability are considered.

  3. Coal flow aids reduce coke plant operating costs and improve production rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bedard, R.A.; Bradacs, D.J.; Kluck, R.W.; Roe, D.C.; Ventresca, B.P.

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical coal flow aids can provide many benefits to coke plants, including improved production rates, reduced maintenance and lower cleaning costs. This article discusses the mechanisms by which coal flow aids function and analyzes several successful case histories. 2 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Computer Aided Design of Automotive Finishes Gary Meyer and Clement Shimizu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Computer Aided Design of Automotive Finishes Gary Meyer and Clement Shimizu Department of Computer The principles of computer aided design were applied to the creation of new automotive finishes. A computer of an automotive paint and visualize the appearance of that paint on a three dimensional surface. The program gives

  5. Edinburgh Research Explorer A stand-alone solar adsorption refrigerator for humanitarian aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    Edinburgh Research Explorer A stand-alone solar adsorption refrigerator for humanitarian aid stand-alone solar adsorption refrigerator for humanitarian aid' Solar energy, vol 100, pp. 172-178., 10 as postprint) Published In: Solar energy General rights Copyright for the publications made accessible via

  6. IMPACT OF TIRE AND AERODYNAMIC AIDS ON TRUCK PERFORMANCE ALONG UPGRADE SECTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakha, Hesham A.

    IMPACT OF TIRE AND AERODYNAMIC AIDS ON TRUCK PERFORMANCE ALONG UPGRADE SECTIONS Hesham Rakha1 and aerodynamics aids on the truck acceleration behavior. The objectives of this paper are two-fold. First of vehicle tires, the vehicle's aerodynamic features, the percentage mass on the tractive axle

  7. Computer-Aided Design & Applications, 7(a), 2010, bbb-ccc 2010 CAD Solutions, LLC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Computer-Aided Design & Applications, 7(a), 2010, bbb-ccc © 2010 CAD Solutions, LLC 1 -CAx-aided design applications (CAx). Selective design authority is typically assigned to individuals within a product team; they become contributors in a serialized design process largely driven by a set of core CAx

  8. Tiny camera could aid in robotics, night vision Monday, January 17, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Tiny camera could aid in robotics, night vision Monday, January 17, 2011 Researchers from night-vision surveillance, robotic vision, endoscopic imaging, and consumer electronics. "We were on this article! 0 COMMENTS Page 1 of 1Tiny camera could aid in robotics, night vision | R&D Mag 1/19/2011http

  9. UNCOVERING BASIC WANTS USING THE ROTTERDAM AND AIDS MODELS: THE US HOUSEHOLD ENERGY CONSUMPTION CASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diallo, Ibrahima

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    UNCOVERING BASIC WANTS USING THE ROTTERDAM AND AIDS MODELS: THE US HOUSEHOLD ENERGY CONSUMPTION CASE By 2013 IBRAHIMA DIALLO Submitted to the graduate degree program in Economics and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas... version of the following dissertation: UNCOVERING BASIC WANTS USING THE ROTTERDAM AND AIDS MODELS: THE US HOUSEHOLD ENERGY CONSUMPTION CASE ________________________________ (Chairperson) William A. Barnett Date...

  10. SYSTEM APPROACH-BASED BAYESIAN NETWORK TO AID MAINTENANCE OF MANUFACTURING PROCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    for manufacturing systems. In addition, recent works on system safety and Bayesian Networks (BNs) are developedSYSTEM APPROACH-BASED BAYESIAN NETWORK TO AID MAINTENANCE OF MANUFACTURING PROCESS Weber P., Suhner explores a new methodology to develop Bayesian Network-based diagnosis and prognosis aids for manufacturing

  11. TOWARDS A DOCUMENT CENTRED COMPUTER-AIDED CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, P. W.

    . An example document centred environment for computer-aided control system design (CACSD), that integratesTOWARDS A DOCUMENT CENTRED COMPUTER-AIDED CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN ENVIRONMENT Al Sadiq ul Amin M and notebook interfaces to design tools, a prototype document centred design document has been developed

  12. Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options -New York Times January 22, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options - New York Times January 22, 2008 Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options By ELISABETH for biofuels, acknowledging that the environmental benefits of these fuels have often been overstated

  13. Visual Odometry Aided by a Sun Sensor and an Inclinometer Andrew J. Lambert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sislian, J. P.

    Visual Odometry Aided by a Sun Sensor and an Inclinometer by Andrew J. Lambert A thesis submitted Odometry Aided by a Sun Sensor and an Inclinometer Andrew J. Lambert Master of Applied Science Graduate approach incorporating sun sensor and inclinometer measurements directly into the VO pipeline, utilizing

  14. PARTNERSHIP PROFILE: THE GLOBAL FUND | 1 About the Global Fund to Fight AIDS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    grants worth a total of US$29 billion in more than 140 countries. The Global Fund provided 22% of allPARTNERSHIP PROFILE: THE GLOBAL FUND | 1 MARCH 2014 About the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) is a global

  15. Published: 3 November 2014 Don't Cut Aid to Egypt: The Hopeful Case for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 3 November 2014 Don't Cut Aid to Egypt: The Hopeful Case for Supporting Egyptian President Sisi Today, the U.S. needs Egypt's partnership more than ever. Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail Some support him. And I believe that cutting foreign aid to Egypt at this point would harm the U.S.-Egypt

  16. Student Financial Aid 11 Jesse Hall University of Missouri Columbia Columbia, MO 65211-1600

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Jerry

    Student Financial Aid 11 Jesse Hall University of Missouri ­ Columbia Columbia, MO 65211-1600 PHONE;Student Financial Aid 11 Jesse Hall University of Missouri ­ Columbia Columbia, MO 65211-1600 PHONE (573 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Name of Host Institution (College or University you will be attending or taking additional classes

  17. An economic study of tactical crop production decisions in the Blacklands: the melding of biophysical simulation and economic decision models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dillon, Carl R.

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    . Mjelde A changing economic and technical production environment has result- ed in the need for economic re-evaluation of crop production decisions in the Texas Blacklands. Lack of relevant production data is a major prob- lem in this and other... management decislon- making and the economic feasibility of corn under the complication of limited or nonexistent production data. TBE LOGIC OF DECISIOMNAKING A comprehension of the decision-making process highlights the inter- relations of problem...

  18. Power Factor Improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viljoen, T. A.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power factor control is a necessary ingredient in any successful Energy Management Program. Many companies are operating with power factors of 70% or less and are being penalized through the electrical utility bill. This paper starts by describing...

  19. (A) ABET Syllabet Template (with Objectives and Outcomes) BEE 4530/MAE 4530. Computer-Aided Engineering: Applications to Biomedical Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    -Aided Engineering: Applications to Biomedical Processes Spring Semester 2009 Credit: 3 hours Catalogue description. Computer-Aided Engineering: Applications to Biomedical Processes. Cambridge University Press. Course to integrate engineering analysis with biomedical processes. 5. Learn about several biomedical processes

  20. Web: www.MentalHealthFirstAid.org Email: BetsyS@TheNationalCouncil.org Phone: 202.684.7457 Mental Health First Aid: Military Members, Veterans and their Families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    connected to care. WHAT IS MENTAL HEALTH FIRST AID Mental Health First Aid USA is a live training program service employees, school and college staff, clergy and caring citizens. WHY MENTAL HEALTH FIRST AIDWeb: www.MentalHealthFirstAid.org Email: BetsyS@TheNationalCouncil.org Phone: 202.684.7457 Mental

  1. Universite d'Orleans Licence economie et gestion 2007-8 1 Cours Optimisation et syst`emes d'aide `a la decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berglund, Nils

    Universit´e d'Orl´eans ­ Licence ´economie et gestion 2007-8 1 Cours Optimisation et syst`emes d droit `a un r´esum´e de cours de 4 pages (c^ot´es de feuille) A4. Le r´esum´e doit ^etre manuscrit et ne transport: algorithmes de coin nord-ouest et de Balas-Hammer, algo- rithme du marchepied. #12;

  2. Design as a Set of Design Decisions Remco C. de Boer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    Design as a Set of Design Decisions Remco C. de Boer ArchiXL The Netherlands Email: rdeboer is characterized by the major design decisions taken. These major design decisions tend to be quality-related. We studied the videos to identify those major design decisions. We found that each design team made one

  3. The Ecological Society of America wwwwww..ffrroonnttiieerrssiinneeccoollooggyy..oorrgg Conservation decision making can involve irre-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

    , since extinction is irreversible. Accordingly, the decision to list or delist a taxon is of critical

  4. AN AGENT-CENTERED DECISION-ANALYTIC APPROACH TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Jason

    " of analytic tools centered on simulation and decision-analysis software, plus climate scenario generators. A decision-analytic framework combining traditional dimensions of risk and uncertainty with decision timeAN AGENT-CENTERED DECISION-ANALYTIC APPROACH TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION We fashioned a "test bed

  5. Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Michael C.

    Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management John F Carriger on using decision analysis with influence diagrams (IDs) for pesticide risk management decisions. The ID risk decision making are less common. An influence diagram approach is proposed for ecological risk

  6. Environmental Decision Making and Information Technology: Issues Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barg, S.; Fletcher, T.; Mechling, J.; Tonn, B.; Turner, R.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a summary of the Information Technology and Environmental Decision Making Workshop that was held at Harvard University, October 1-3, 1998. Over sixty participants from across the US took part in discussions that focused on the current practice of using information technology to support environmental decision making and on future considerations of information technology development, information policies, and data quality issues in this area. Current practice is focusing on geographic information systems and visualization tools, Internet applications, and data warehousing. In addition, numerous organizations are developing environmental enterprise systems to integrate environmental information resources. Plaguing these efforts are issues of data quality (and public trust), system design, and organizational change. In the future, much effort needs to focus on building community-based environmental decision-making systems and processes, which will be a challenge given that exactly what needs to be developed is largely unknown and that environmental decision making in this arena has been characterized by a high level of conflict. Experimentation and evaluation are needed to contribute to efficient and effective learning about how best to use information technology to improve environmental decision making.

  7. UAV-Aided Cross-Layer Routing for MANETs Yuan Guo Xiaolong Li Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh Hamid Jafarkhani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yousefi'zadeh, Homayoun

    UAV-Aided Cross-Layer Routing for MANETs Yuan Guo Xiaolong Li Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh Hamid,xiaolonl,hyousefi,hamidj]@uci.edu Abstract--In this paper, we present UAV-aided Cross-Layer Routing Protocol (UCLR) that aims at improving the routing performance of a ground MANET network with aid from an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). The UAV

  8. St John Ambulance Australia Research Scholarships St John Ambulance Australia ("St John") is Australia's leading provider of first aid training,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of first aid kits and equipment. St John runs the ambulance services in Western Australia and the NorthernSt John Ambulance Australia Research Scholarships St John Ambulance Australia ("St John") is Australia's leading provider of first aid training, first aid services at public events and supplier

  9. Soft-Decision-Driven Channel Estimation for Pipelined Turbo Receivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoon, Daejung

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider channel estimation specific to turbo equalization for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communication. We develop a soft-decision-driven sequential algorithm geared to the pipelined turbo equalizer architecture operating on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbols. One interesting feature of the pipelined turbo equalizer is that multiple soft-decisions become available at various processing stages. A tricky issue is that these multiple decisions from different pipeline stages have varying levels of reliability. This paper establishes an effective strategy for the channel estimator to track the target channel, while dealing with observation sets with different qualities. The resulting algorithm is basically a linear sequential estimation algorithm and, as such, is Kalman-based in nature. The main difference here, however, is that the proposed algorithm employs puncturing on observation samples to effectively deal with the inherent correlation among the multiple demappe...

  10. A Decision Support System for Optimum Use of Fertilizers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoskinson, Reed Louis; Hess, John Richard; Fink, Raymond Keith

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) is an expert system being developed by the Site-Specific Technologies for Agriculture (SST4Ag) precision farming research project at the INEEL. DSS4Ag uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence and computer science technologies to make spatially variable, site-specific, economically optimum decisions on fertilizer use. The DSS4Ag has an open architecture that allows for external input and addition of new requirements and integrates its results with existing agricultural systems infrastructures. The DSS4Ag reflects a paradigm shift in the information revolution in agriculture that is precision farming. We depict this information revolution in agriculture as an historic trend in the agricultural decision-making process.

  11. A Decision Support System for Optimum Use of Fertilizers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. L. Hoskinson; J. R. Hess; R. K. Fink

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) is an expert system being developed by the Site-Specific Technologies for Agriculture (SST4Ag) precision farming research project at the INEEL. DSS4Ag uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence and computer science technologies to make spatially variable, site-specific, economically optimum decisions on fertilizer use. The DSS4Ag has an open architecture that allows for external input and addition of new requirements and integrates its results with existing agricultural systems' infrastructures. The DSS4Ag reflects a paradigm shift in the information revolution in agriculture that is precision farming. We depict this information revolution in agriculture as an historic trend in the agricultural decision-making process.

  12. Accelerating Battery Design Using Computer-Aided Engineering Tools: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.; Heon, G. H.; Smith, K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer-aided engineering (CAE) is a proven pathway, especially in the automotive industry, to improve performance by resolving the relevant physics in complex systems, shortening the product development design cycle, thus reducing cost, and providing an efficient way to evaluate parameters for robust designs. Academic models include the relevant physics details, but neglect engineering complexities. Industry models include the relevant macroscopic geometry and system conditions, but simplify the fundamental physics too much. Most of the CAE battery tools for in-house use are custom model codes and require expert users. There is a need to make these battery modeling and design tools more accessible to end users such as battery developers, pack integrators, and vehicle makers. Developing integrated and physics-based CAE battery tools can reduce the design, build, test, break, re-design, re-build, and re-test cycle and help lower costs. NREL has been involved in developing various models to predict the thermal and electrochemical performance of large-format cells and has used in commercial three-dimensional finite-element analysis and computational fluid dynamics to study battery pack thermal issues. These NREL cell and pack design tools can be integrated to help support the automotive industry and to accelerate battery design.

  13. A Robust Artificial Noise Aided Transmit Design for Miso Secrecy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Qiang

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers an artificial noise (AN) aided secrecy rate maximization (SRM) problem for a multi-input single-output (MISO) channel overheard by multiple single-antenna eavesdroppers. We assume that the transmitter has perfect knowledge about the channel to the desired user but imperfect knowledge about the channels to the eavesdroppers. Therefore, the resultant SRM problem is formulated in the way that we maximize the worst-case secrecy rate by jointly designing the signal covariance ${\\bf W}$ and the AN covariance ${\\bf \\Sigma}$. However, such a worst-case SRM problem turns out to be hard to optimize, since it is nonconvex in ${\\bf W}$ and ${\\bf \\Sigma}$ jointly. Moreover, it falls into the class of semi-infinite optimization problems. Through a careful reformulation, we show that the worst-case SRM problem can be handled by performing a one-dimensional line search in which a sequence of semidefinite programs (SDPs) are involved. Moreover, we also show that the optimal ${\\bf W}$ admits a rank-one str...

  14. Accommodating complexity and human behaviors in decision analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Backus, George A.; Siirola, John Daniel; Schoenwald, David Alan; Strip, David R.; Hirsch, Gary B.; Bastian, Mark S.; Braithwaite, Karl R.; Homer, Jack [Homer Consulting

    2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for a LDRD effort to address human behavior in decision support systems. One sister LDRD effort reports the extension of this work to include actual human choices and additional simulation analyses. Another provides the background for this effort and the programmatic directions for future work. This specific effort considered the feasibility of five aspects of model development required for analysis viability. To avoid the use of classified information, healthcare decisions and the system embedding them became the illustrative example for assessment.

  15. Risk Analysis and Decision Making FY 2013 Milestone Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.; Dale, Crystal; Jones, Edward; Thompson, J.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk analysis and decision making is one of the critical objectives of CCSI, which seeks to use information from science-based models with quantified uncertainty to inform decision makers who are making large capital investments. The goal of this task is to develop tools and capabilities to facilitate the development of risk models tailored for carbon capture technologies, quantify the uncertainty of model predictions, and estimate the technical and financial risks associated with the system. This effort aims to reduce costs by identifying smarter demonstrations, which could accelerate development and deployment of the technology by several years.

  16. Familiarity and Its Impact on Consumer Decision Biases and Heuristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, C. Whan; Lessig, V. Parker

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decision time in her selection than is required by LF and MF decision makers. Choice Confidence The degree of confidence that the DM places on the ap propriateness of the ultimate choice is viewed as being re lated to the DM's familiarity.1 The LF DM... using Duncan's Multiple Range test. The average familiarities across groups were significantly different at the 0.05 level and in the anticipated direction. The mean perceived familiarity for the LF, MF, and HF subjects were 1.89, 3.13, and 4...

  17. Meson electromagnetic form factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanislav Dubnicka; Anna Z. Dubnickova

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The electromagnetic structure of the pseudoscalar meson nonet is completely described by the sophisticated Unitary&Analytic model, respecting all known theoretical properties of the corresponding form factors.

  18. Analysis of energy-efficiency investment decisions by small and medium-sized manufacturers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodruff, M.G.; Roop, J.M.; Seely, H.E. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Muller, M.R. [Rutgers--the State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Jones, T.W. [Alliance to Save Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Dowd, J. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report highlights the results of a comprehensive analysis of investment decisions regarding energy-efficiency measures at small and medium-sized manufacturing plants. The analysis is based on the experiences of companies participating in the DOE Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program. The IAC program is a network of university-based centers that provides energy and waste assessments to small and medium-sized manufacturing plants. The purposes of this report are to do the following: (1) Examine what the data collected reveal about patterns of implementation of recommended energy- efficiency measures, (2) Evaluate how various factors, such as the type of industry, the characteristics of the manufacturing plants, or the cost of the measures, appear to effect implementation rates, (3) Examine reasons why recommended energy-saving measures are accepted or rejected.

  19. Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Agricultural Sector in Northern Namibia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Charles Russell

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In agrarian societies, HIV/AIDS extends far beyond the realm of healthcare into agricultural production and food security as well. Namibia is a developing country with a large portion of its population involved in agriculture; the average HIV...

  20. The role of computer-aided drafting, analysis, and design software in structural engineering practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De los Reyes, Adrian

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Perhaps the greatest innovation in engineering in the last fifty years, computer software has changed the way structural engineers conduct nearly every aspect of their daily business. Computer-aided drafting, analysis, and ...

  1. Spatial context as an aid to page layout : a system for planning and sketching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Morissa

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A graphics system has been developed to enable a user/designer to create a spatial context as an aid in page layout. This system facilitates the planning and structuring of a complex design work by providing programs to ...

  2. Computer-aided optimization of DC/DC converters for automotive applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neugebauer, Timothy C.

    This paper investigates computer-aided optimization of DC/DC converters, with a focus on converters for dual-voltage automotive electrical systems. A new CAD optimization approach based on Monte Carlo search methods is ...

  3. Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries for Designing Better Li-Ion Batteries (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.; Kim, G. H.; Smith, K.; Lee, K. J.; Santhanagopalan, S.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation describes the current status of the DOE's Energy Storage R and D program, including modeling and design tools and the Computer-Aided Engineering for Automotive Batteries (CAEBAT) program.

  4. MODIS-Aided Statewide Net Groundwater-Recharge Estimation in Nebraska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    MODIS-Aided Statewide Net Groundwater-Recharge Estimation in Nebraska by Jozsef Szilagyi1 measurements of Billesbach and Arkebauer (2012) at the Gudmundsen Ranch (G). Nebraska (Szilagyi et al. 2003

  5. Interoperability of Computer Aided Design and Energy Performance Simulation to Improve Building Energy Efficiency and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaisuparasmikul, P.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper describes very significant novel interoperability and data modeling technology for existing building that maps a building information parametric model with an energy simulation model, establishing a seamless link between Computer Aided...

  6. Webcast of the Renewable Energy Competency Model: An Aid to Build a Renewable Energy Skilled Workforce

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy held a webcast titled "Renewable Energy Competency Model: An Aid to Build a Renewable Energy Skilled Workforce" on Monday, October 22, 2012. The Renewable Energy Competency...

  7. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by CD-Adapco at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about development of computer-aided...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - aided process planning Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    results for: aided process planning Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Good News Have you registered for fall 2008 classes or do you plan to register soon? We are happy to inform...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - african aids vaccine Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    search results for: african aids vaccine Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 bethegeneration.nih.gov Men Who Have Sex With Men Summary: Answers about HIV vaccine research How is HIV...

  10. Tactile, spatial interfaces for computer-aided design : superimposing physical media and computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamonsky, Dorothy J

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer-aided design (CAD) systems have become invaluable in three-dimensional creative design fields such as architecture and landscape architecture. However, these digital tools have not replaced the use of physical ...

  11. Economic growth, convergence and the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a cross-country panel data analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Joel Benjamin Edmund

    2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents an analysis of the dynamic process of economic growth, national welfare and the HIV/AIDS epidemic. An assessment of the methodological designs of applied growth research is undertaken in order to ...

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - aid financial Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aid if you think that you or your family will not be able to pay for all... of your educational costs. How to Apply for ... Source: Ponce, V. Miguel - Department of Civil and...

  13. Cotton Leaf Grade as Influenced by Harvest Aid Regimes and Cultivar Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eder, Zachary Phillip

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    in Corpus Christi, Texas has reported increases in leaf grade values beginning in 2000 (USDA, 2012). The impacts of the interaction of agronomic characteristics of cotton cultivars with those of various harvest aid regimes were studied over three growing...

  14. Development of Computer-Aided Molecular Design Methods for Bioengineering Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roughton, Brock Charles

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer-aided molecular design (CAMD) offers a methodology for rational product design. The CAMD procedure consists of pre-design, design and post-design phases. CAMD was used to address two bioengineering problems: design ...

  15. Money Talks: Financial Aid as a Strategy for Increasing Minority Student Enrollment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Don

    1 Money Talks: Financial Aid as a Strategy for Increasing Minority Student Enrollment Paper representation. The authors will also discuss the implications of these strategies. #12;2 Money Talks: Financial

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - aid systems design Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Saturday, 03 July 2010 20:39 -Last Updated Saturday, 03 July 2010 22:22 Summary: RIA: Computer Aided Geometric Design and Motion Synthesis Saturday, 03 July 2010 20:39 -...

  17. The Quality of Our Nation's Waters Factors Affecting Public-Supply-Well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and local information needs and decisions related to water-quality management and policy (httpThe Quality of Our Nation's Waters Factors Affecting Public-Supply-Well Vulnerability to Contamination: Understanding Observed Water Quality and Anticipating Future Water Quality National Water-Quality

  18. University of Nebraska Lincoln Capital Project Planning Decision Flowchart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    originator and CPC provides general sizing, implications, cost estimate, etc. for project. Consistency of continuing? Yes No1 Project proposal with costs estimates provided to Chancellor and Senior AdministrativeUniversity of Nebraska Lincoln Capital Project Planning Decision Flowchart 1. Program Concept 2

  19. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    as a source of energy in the production of a biofuel, soil erosion might increase and fewer nutrients and lessSUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS PART 1: INDIVIDUAL FUEL/VEHICLE PATHWAYS PART 2 Chapter 7: Comparing Land, Water

  20. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson #12;Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis One TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS PART 3: SCENARIOS FOR A LOW-CARBON TRANSPORTATION FUTURE PART 3 Part 3: Scenarios

  1. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson #12;Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis One TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS PART 3 CHAPTER 10: OPTIMIZING THE TRANSPORTATION CLIMATE MITIGATION WEDGE Chapter

  2. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson #12;Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis One TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS CHAPTER 8: SCENARIOS FOR DEEP REDUCTIONS IN GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS PART 3

  3. CAPACITY DECISIONS WITH DEMAND FLUCTUATIONS AND CARBON LEAKAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Palaiseau, France April 2013 Abstract For carbon-intensive, internationally-traded industrial goods, a uni be partly oset by the increase of emissions in the rest of the world. The literature on carbon leakage hasCAPACITY DECISIONS WITH DEMAND FLUCTUATIONS AND CARBON LEAKAGE Guy MEUNIER Jean-Pierre PONSSARD

  4. CAPACITY DECISIONS WITH DEMAND FLUCTUATIONS AND CARBON LEAKAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    For carbon-intensive, internationally-traded industrial goods, a unilat- eral increase in the domestic CO2 be partly oset by the increase of emissions in the rest of the world. The literature on carbon leakage hasCAPACITY DECISIONS WITH DEMAND FLUCTUATIONS AND CARBON LEAKAGE Guy MEUNIER Jean-Pierre PONSSARD

  5. Optimal Resurfacing Decisions for Road Maintenance: A POMDP Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Numerical examples have shown that our model provides a preventive maintenance policy that slows downOptimal Resurfacing Decisions for Road Maintenance: A POMDP Perspective Mariem Zouch, Thomas Yeung / IRCCyN, F-44307 NANTES Cedex, France Keywords: Road deterioration, maintenance optimization, Partially

  6. Reliability-Based Decision Making: A Comparison of Statistical Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Jeffrey W.

    Reliability-Based Decision Making: A Comparison of Statistical Approaches J. M. Aughenbaugh whose reliability is well established and a new component that has an unknown reliability. In some scenarios, the designer may have some initial beliefs about the new component's reliability. The designer

  7. Integration of distributed spatial data in a decision making context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Integration of distributed spatial data in a decision making context Christelle Pierkot LIRMM, D deployment of communication networks has facilitated the sharing and exchange of spatial data between sites neither belong to the same organizations, but must cooperate. Spatial data is used to help user

  8. Finding Patterns of Attrition using Decision Trees: A Preliminary Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    their programs. However, student attrition does occur, especially in the first two years of education of student retention in a post-secondary institution. Specifically, we apply the classification technique of decision tree induction. We focus on both the accuracy of classification and the identification of specific

  9. DECISION-MAKING AND ECOSYSTEM-BASED MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    options is reviewed and applied to ecosystem-based management. The model recommends a public decision process unless developing new alternatives is not possible, in which case segmented public consultation question involves the kind of public participation strategy to use. For ecosystem-based management to reach

  10. Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support Tools for Drivers Conference Center Refreshments available at 3:30 pm Abstract: Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) have become a practical and affordable alternative in recent years to conventional gasoline-powered vehicles

  11. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS PART 4: POLICY AND SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION Part 4: Policy and pollutants such as aerosols and black carbon. Third, more #12;250 SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS

  12. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan, batteries, and ultracapacitors. Andrew #12;316 SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS AUTHORS://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/>. For information on commercial licensing, contact copyright@ucdavis.edu. #12;315 SUSTAINABLE

  13. Decision-directed materials-accounting procedures: an overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shipley, J.P.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With materials balances taken at intervals, methods for treating materials balance data and their use by safeguards decision-making are relatively straightforward. The emphasis on accounting in which balances may be drawn on a daily or weekly basis, raises anew questions in these two areas: (1) what is the most effective means of extracting the maximum amount of information; and (2) how should safeguards decision-makers use the results, and what impact does the decision process have on the analysis techniques. These questions lead to considering combinations of materials balances, which exposes a whole new set of concerns. For example, we must select the most appropriate combinations, which implies some consideration of possible diversion scenarios, such as abrupt or protracted. Control of the overall false-alarm rate is an important requisite of the composite procedure. Significant work has been done on loss estimators, but their role in the materials accounting decision process has only begun to be examined. Current criteria may require periodic statements with respect to materials loss; the analysis procedures must be structured to provide such information. This paper presents an overview of the current technology. Questions still to be answered are pointed out.

  14. On the Adaptive Properties of Decision Trees Clayton Scott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Clayton

    '' data dimension. Feature Rejection: If certain features are irrelevant (i.e., independent of the classOn the Adaptive Properties of Decision Trees Clayton Scott Statistics Department Rice University for Z, and let # P n be the empirical estimate of PZ based on Z n : # P n (B) = (1/n) # n i=1 I {Z i #B

  15. On the Adaptive Properties of Decision Trees Clayton Scott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Clayton

    dimension. Feature Rejection: If certain features are irrelevant (i.e., independent of the class labelsOn the Adaptive Properties of Decision Trees Clayton Scott Statistics Department Rice University, and let Pn be the empirical estimate of PZ based on Zn : Pn(B) = (1/n) n i=1 I{ZiB}, B Z, where I denotes

  16. Spectral Decision Diagrams Using Graph Transformations Mitchell Thornton Rolf Drechsler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Mitchell

    Spectral Decision Diagrams Using Graph Transformations #3; Mitchell Thornton Rolf Drechsler Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Siemens AG Mississippi State University Corporate Technology Mississippi State, MS 39762 81730 Munich, Germany mitch@ece.msstate.edu rolf.drechsler@mchp.siemens

  17. Tn) TTCQZ /US Ris-R-676(EN) Decision Conferencing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a Large Nuclear Accident Report of an Exercise by the BER-3 ofthe NKS BER Programme Simon French, Ole Conferencing »»MWO on Countermeasures after a Large Nuclear Accident Report ofan Exercise by the BER-3 ofthe that arise in decisions in the aftermath of a major nuclear accident. 2. To identify issues which need

  18. DECISION-THEORETIC ELICITATION OF GENERALIZED ADDITIVE UTILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    DECISION-THEORETIC ELICITATION OF GENERALIZED ADDITIVE UTILITIES by Darius Brazi¯unas A thesis-theoretic elicitation of generalized additive utilities Darius Brazi¯unas Doctor of Philosophy Graduate Department outcomes that can be represented by a utility function. We assume that user preferences are generalized

  19. Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Utility Barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Utility Barriers Key issues facing deployment of utility-scale solar PV plants. Sandra Burton Regional Director March 8 ­ 9, 2011 Brookhaven National Lab #12;About SEPA Developed by utilities to facilitate the integration of solar electric power. SEPA

  20. Decision Analytic Modelling in the Economic Evaluation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Decision Analytic Modelling in the Economic Evaluation of Health Technologies A Consensus Statement when used for the economic evaluation of health technologies; there is limited guidanceforgoodmodelling developed in the context of broader healthcare and economic evaluations, for which ex- plicit guidelines