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1

Experimental Fabrication of PPy Nanoparticles: For the synthesis of the PPy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Fabrication of PPy Nanoparticles: For the synthesis of the PPy nanoparticlesL of distilled water at 3 C. Pyrrole (1.0 g) was then added dropwise to the surfactant solution, and iron

Velev, Orlin D.

2

Feasibility of MR Imaging/MR Spectroscopy-Planned Focal Partial Salvage Permanent Prostate Implant (PPI) for Localized Recurrence After Initial PPI for Prostate Cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-planned partial salvage permanent prostate implant (psPPI) among patients with biopsy-proven local recurrence after initial PPI without evidence of distant disease. Methods and Materials: From 2003-2009, 15 patients underwent MRI/magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) planning for salvage brachytherapy (psPPI, I-125 [n=14; 144 Gy]; Pd-103 [n=1; 125 Gy]) without hormone therapy. Full dose was prescribed to areas of recurrence and underdosage, without entire prostate implantation. Limiting urethral and rectal toxicity was prioritized. Follow-up was from salvage date to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration failure (Phoenix criteria = nadir + 2.0; ASTRO = 3 consecutive rises), recurrence, distant metastases, or last follow-up PSA level. Progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as no PSA failure or biopsy-proven recurrence without all-cause mortality. Toxicity was scored using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. Results: At salvage, median age was 68 years, and PSA concentration was 3.5 ng/mL (range, 0.9-5.6 ng/mL). Abnormal MRI/MRS findings were evident in 40% of patients. Biopsy-proven recurrences consisted of a single focus (80%) or 2 foci (20%). At recurrence, Gleason score was 6 (67%) or {>=}7 (27%). Median interval between initial and salvage implantation was 69 months (range, 28-132 months). psPPI planning characteristics limited doses to the rectum (mean V100 = 0.5% [0.07 cc]) and urethra (V100 = 12% [0.3 cc]). At median follow-up (23.3 months; range, 8-88 months), treatment failure (n=2) resulted only in localized recurrence; both patients underwent second psPPI with follow-up PSA tests at 12 and 26 months, resulting in 0.6 and 0.7 ng/mL, respectively. American Society for Radiation Oncology PFS rates at 1, 2, and 3 years were 86.7%, 78.4%, and 62.7%, respectively, with 5 patients for whom treatment failed (n=3 with negative transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy results). Phoenix PFS rates at 1, 2, and 3 years were 100%, 100%, and 71.4%. 73%, respectively; achieved PSA nadir of <0.5 ng/mL; and 47% of patients had a nadir of <0.1 ng/mL. Treatment-related toxicity was minimal, with no operative interventions, fistulas, or other grade {>=}3 gastrointestinal (GI)/genitourinary (GU) toxicity. Thirteen percent had grade 1 GI and 33% had grade 2 GU toxicities. Postsalvage, 20% of patients had no erectile dysfunction, 67% of patients had medication-responsive erectile dysfunction, and 13% of patients had erectile dysfunction refractory to medication. Conclusions: Focal psPPI with MR-planning in highly selected patients is feasible with short-term control comparable to conventional salvage, with less toxicity. Longer follow-up is needed to confirm its impact on quality of life and treatment.

Hsu, Charles C., E-mail: hsucc@radonc.ucsf.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States); Hsu, Howard [Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University, New York, New York (United States); Pickett, Barby [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States); Crehange, Gilles [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dijon University, Dijon (France)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dijon University, Dijon (France); Hsu, I-Chow Joe; Dea, Ryan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States); Weinberg, Vivian [Biostatistics and Computational Biology Core, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Biostatistics and Computational Biology Core, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States); Gottschalk, Alexander R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States); Kurhanewicz, John [Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States); Shinohara, Katsuto [Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States); Roach, Mack [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California (United States)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti ppi-pi- mit Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ppi-pi- mit Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: anti ppi-pi- mit Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Mitteilung fr die Medien Mitteilung fr die...

4

Haskel/BuTech/PPI | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Ground SourceHBLEDFriendsHaskel/BuTech/PPI

5

Synthesis and characterization of a novel tube-in-tube nanostructured PPy/MnO{sub 2}/CNTs composite for supercapacitor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: A novel tube-in-tube nanostructured PPy/MnO{sub 2}/CNTs composite have been successfully fabricated. Its inner tubules are CNTs and the outer tubules are template-synthesized PPy. Most MnO{sub 2} nanoparticles are sandwiched between the inner and outer wall, some relatively large particles are also latched onto the outside wall of the PPy tube. The composite yields a good electrochemical reversibility through 1000 cycles’ cyclic voltammogram (CV) test and galvanostatic charge–discharge experiments at different current densities. Display Omitted Highlights: ? We fabricate a ternary organic–inorganic complex of PPy/MnO{sub 2}/CNTs composite. ? We characterize its morphological structures and properties by several techniques. ? The composite possesses the typical tube-in-tube nanostructures. ? Most MnO{sub 2} nanoparticles are sandwiched between the inner CNTs and outer PPy wall. ? The composite has good electrochemical reversibility for supercapacitor. -- Abstract: Ternary organic–inorganic complex of polypyrrole/manganese dioxide/carbon nanotubes (PPy/MnO{sub 2}/CNTs) composite was prepared by in situ chemical oxidation polymerization of pyrrole in the host of inorganic matrix of MnO{sub 2} and CNTs, using complex of methyl orange (MO)/FeCl{sub 3} was used as a reactive self-degraded soft-template. The morphological structures of the composite were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopic (HRTEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. All the results indicate that the PPy/MnO{sub 2}/CNTs composite possesses the typical tube-in-tube nanostructures: the inner tubules are CNTs and the outer tubules are template-synthesized PPy. MnO{sub 2} nanoparticles may either sandwich the space between the inner and outer tubules or directly latch onto the wall of the PPy tubes. The composite yields a good electrochemical reversibility through 1000 cycles’ cyclic voltammogram (CV) test in the potential range of ?0.6 to 0.4 V and its specific capacitance was up to 402.7 F g{sup ?1} at a current density of 1 A g{sup ?1} in galvanostatic charge–discharge experiment.

Li, Juan, E-mail: lj-panpan@163.com [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China) [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China); Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Que, Tingli [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China)] [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China); Huang, Jianbin, E-mail: JBhuang@pku.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China) [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China); Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

6

p/${\\pi^+}$ response of single layer THGEM detector in Ar/3%iso  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we study the response of single layer Thick GEM (THGEM) detector to p/{\\pi}$^+ $ at E3 line of Beijing Test Beam Facility. In our experiment, the drift gap of THGEM Detector is 4mm, and the working gas is Ar/3% iso. Result shows at the momentum 500MeV/c to 1000MeV/c, detection efficiency for p is from 93% to 99% in a relatively lower gain($\\sim$2000), while the detection efficiency for {\\pi}$^+ $ is slightly lower than that for p, which is from 82% to 88%. Meanwhile, simple Geant4 simulations have been done, and results of beam test are almost consistent with it. We preliminarily study the feasibility of THGEM detectors as sampling elements for Digital Hadronic Calorimeter(DHCAL), which may provide related reference for THGEM possibly applied in Circular Electron Positron Collider(CEPC) HCAL.

Hong, Daojin; Liu, Hongbang; He, Xiaorong; An, Guangpeng; Chen, Haitao; Chen, Shi; Hu, Tao; Li, Jiacai; Liu, Qian; Niu, Shunli; Ruan, Xiangdong; Xie, Yigang; Zhang, Xuan; Zheng, Yangheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Building-related risk factors and work-related lower respiratory symptoms in 80 office buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We assessed building-related risk factors for lower respiratory symptoms in office workers. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in 1993 collected data during indoor environmental health investigations of workplaces. We used multivariate logistic regression analyses to assess relationships between lower respiratory symptoms in office workers and risk factors plausibly related to microbiologic contamination. Among 2,435 occupants in 80 office buildings, frequent, work-related multiple lower respiratory symptoms were strongly associated, in multivariate models, with two risk factors for microbiologic contamination: poor pan drainage under cooling coils and debris in outside air intake. Associations tended to be stronger among those with a history of physician-diagnosed asthma. These findings suggest that adverse lower respiratory health effects from indoor work environments, although unusual, may occur in relation to poorly designed or maintained ventilation systems, particularly among previously diagnosed asthmatics. These findings require confirmation in more representative buildings.

Mendell, M.J.; Naco, G.M.; Wilcox, T.G.; Sieber, W.K.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Perchlorate Interchange during the Redox Process of PPy/PVS Films in an Acetonitrile Medium. A Voltammetric and EDX Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-3 PPy synthesis by electrochemical oxidation of pyrrole mono- mers is a well-known and well, studying them from several points of view, including their synthesis, characterization, and technological application. PPy is one of the most widely studied conducting polymers because pyrrole is easily synthesized

Otero, Toribio Fernández

9

Mass Transport Investigated with the Electrochemical and Electrogravimetric Impedance Techniques. 1. Water Transport in PPy/CuPTS Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass Transport Investigated with the Electrochemical and Electrogravimetric Impedance Techniques. 1. Water Transport in PPy/CuPTS Films Haesik Yang and Juhyoun Kwak* Department of Chemistry, Korea AdVember 18, 1996X Water transport in poly(pyrrole/copper phthalocyaninetetrasulfonate) (PPy/CuPTS) films

Kwak, Juhyoun

10

Beyond the Fundamentals of Special Relativity: Full Lorentz gamma factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Special relativity calculates, by means of the Lorentz gamma factor, the proper time of all inertial systems from the observer proper time, which is taken as a time standard. So, any temporal inference relies in first instance on the observer own time. The question is thus: what fixes the observer proper time? This will be the crucial point debated here. This implies analyzing at the very first why the observer can be taken as a motionless reference in spite of being himself inertial. Is this just an approximation, and if so, up to what extent can it be applied? The framework of special relativity is compared to an amended form in which the fact of taking himself as a reference does not allow the observer to overlook its own kinetics. So, the issue stands on which of two formulations of the Lorentz gamma factor is the most accurate one: its standard expression or an amended one which takes into account the fact that the observer is himself inertial, while the former disregards it. When the observer speed is ignored, the two formulations become identical. Hence, the standard relativistic expression of gamma can be seen as an approximation applicable when the observer motion is null or low, such as it is the instance on Earth.

G. Sardin

2010-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

11

IDENTIFICATION OF FACTORS RELATED TO MOTORCYCLE FATAL INJURIES IN OHIO.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Ohio crash data for 2003-2007 were used to investigate the odds of a motorcyclist being fatally injured in a crash and the risk factors involved.… (more)

Indupuru, Vamsi K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

PHARMACOLOGIC AND TRANSGENIC ACTIVATION OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-ERYTHROID 2-RELATED FACTOR 2 (NRF2) ALTERS KINETICS AND TOXICODYNAMICS OF XENOBIOTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor, which, upon translocation into the nucleus, is capable of inducing a variety of cytoprotective genes, such as NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (Nqo1), glutamate...

Reisman, Scott Aaron

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Mass Transport Investigated with the Electrochemical and Electrogravimetric Impedance Techniques. 3. Complex Charge Transport in PPy/PSS Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass Transport Investigated with the Electrochemical and Electrogravimetric Impedance Techniques. 3. Complex Charge Transport in PPy/PSS Films Haesik Yang and Juhyoun Kwak* Department of Chemistry, Korea AdVember 24, 1997 For the first time, the complex charge transport mechanism for polypyrrole

Kwak, Juhyoun

14

Mass Transport Investigated with the Electrochemical and Electrogravimetric Impedance Techniques. 2. Anion and Water Transport in PMPy and PPy Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass Transport Investigated with the Electrochemical and Electrogravimetric Impedance Techniques. 2. Anion and Water Transport in PMPy and PPy Films Haesik Yang and Juhyoun Kwak* Department of Chemistry Water transport during anion transport in poly(N-methylpyrrole/nitrate) (PMPy/NO3), poly

Kwak, Juhyoun

15

Self-assembling peptide amphiphiles and related methods for growth factor delivery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Amphiphilic peptide compounds comprising one or more epitope sequences for binding interaction with one or more corresponding growth factors, micellar assemblies of such compounds and related methods of use.

Stupp, Samuel I; Donners, Jack J.J.M.; Silva, Gabriel A; Behanna, Heather A; Anthony, Shawn G

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

16

Scion dominance and related factors influencing compatability in citrus graft unions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCION DOMINANCE AND RELATED FACTORS INFLUENCING COMPATIBILITY IN CITRUS GRAFT UNIOHS A The?ia SC H? Clntr&i August 194C Approval as to atyl* and content recommended* m t m m m m m m belated factors nfHOTQiua compatibilitt in cithus m m r... Major Subjectt Horticulture By Rafael H* Clntr&n August 1946 SCI01T DOHIH/ffiCB AND RELATED FACTORS INFLUENCING COMPATIBILITY ITT CITRUS GR APT UNIONS 14-f 706 'The writer1 wishes to express M s sincere approeiation to Dr* Guy W? Adrianee# Head...

Cintron, Rafael H.

1946-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Relative g-factor measurements in {sup 54}Fe, {sup 56}Fe, and {sup 58}Fe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The g factors of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} states in {sup 54}Fe and {sup 58}Fe have been measured relative to the 2{sub 1}{sup +} state g factor of {sup 56}Fe using the transient-field technique in inverse kinematics. The results are in satisfactory agreement with recent shell model calculations in the fp model space. For {sup 56}Fe and {sup 58}Fe the g factors approach Z/A and are therefore also consistent with collective interpretations of these 2{sup +} states.

East, M. C.; Stuchbery, A. E.; Chamoli, S. K.; Kibedi, T. [Department of Nuclear Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Pinter, J. S.; Crawford, H. L.; Mantica, P. F. [NSCL and Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, Michigan 48824 (United States); Wilson, A. N. [Department of Nuclear Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Department of Physics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Exact limiting relation between the structure factors in neutron and x-ray scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ratio of the static matter structure factor measured in experiments on coherent X-ray scattering to the static structure factor measured in experiments on neutron scattering is considered. It is shown theoretically that this ratio in the long-wavelength limit is equal to the nucleus charge at arbitrary thermodynamic parameters of a pure substance (the system of nuclei and electrons, where interaction between particles is pure Coulomb) in a disordered equilibrium state. This result is the exact relation of the quantum statistical mechanics. The experimental verification of this relation can be done in the long wavelength X-ray and neutron experiments.

V. B. Bobrov; S. A. Trigger; S. N. Skovorod'ko

2010-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

19

Relation Between Flow Enhancement Factor and Structure for Core-Softened Fluids Inside Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relation Between Flow Enhancement Factor and Structure for Core-Softened Fluids Inside Nanotubes The relationship between enhancement flow and structure of core-softened fluids confined inside nanotubes has been was employed to create a pressure gradient between two reservoirs connected by a nanotube. We show how

Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

20

Recreation motivators and facility factors as relative determinants of urban outdoor recreation behavior and satisfaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by JEFFREY STEPHEN MILKES Approved as to style and content by: Allan S. Mills (Chairman of Committee) Edward H. Heath (Member) Thomas M. Bonnicksen (Head of Department) John R. Stoll (Member) August 1987 ABSTRACT Recreat1on Motivators and Facility... Factors as Relative Determ1nants of Urban Outdoor Recreation Behavior and Satisfaction. (August 1987) Jeffrey Stephen Milkes, B. S. , University of Oregon Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Allan Mills This study was conducted to determine...

Milkes, Jeffrey Stephen

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A survey of factors related to the amount of science taught in the elementary school  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1983 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction A SURVEY OF FACTORS RELATED TO THE AMOUNT OF SCIENCE TAUGHT IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL A Thesis by JOAN MARIE CHAMPLIN-TITRE Approved as to style and content by: Jon Denton.... Conclusions and Summar y Additional Research 22 22 25 42 45 46 Page REFERENCES REFERENCE NOTES APPENDIX A 49 54 54 Survey Instrument APPENDIX B 55 62 VITA Teachers' Comments 63 66 LIST OF TABLES Page TABLE 1 Teachers' Feelings Toward...

Champlin-Titre, Joan Marie

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

The Ocean and Coastal Economy: A Summary of Statistics For more information, please contact PPI.SocialSci@noaa.gov, see page 3 for pocket version  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Ocean and Coastal Economy: A Summary of Statistics For more information, please contact PPI.SocialSci@noaa.gov, see page 3 for pocket version Measures of the Ocean and Coastal Economy: 1.GDP (Gross Domestic Product. The Coastal Economy 1 The Coastal economy is comprised of all economic activity that takes place

23

An investigation of factors related to the design of prototype process equipment for the enzymatic processing of fish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INVESTIGATION OF FACTORS RELATED TO THE DESIGN OF PROTOTYPE PROCESS EQUIPMENT FOR THE ENZYMATIC PROCESSING OF FISH A Thesis SURESH SOMALAL SHAH Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A f M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January, 1964 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering AN INVESTIGATION OF FACTORS RELATED TO THE DESIGN OF PROTOTYPE PROCESS EQUIPMENT FOR THE ENZYMATIC PROCESSING OF FISH A Thesis By SURESH SOMALAL SHAH...

Shah, Suresh Somalal

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

24

Relative importance of multiple factors on terrestrial loading of DOC to Arctic river networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Terrestrial carbon dynamics influence the contribution of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) to river networks in addition to controlling carbon fluxes between the land surface and the atmosphere. In this study, we use a biogeochemical process model to simulate the lateral transfer of DOC from land to the Arctic Ocean via riverine transport. We estimate that the pan-arctic watershed has contributed, on average, 32 Tg C/yr of DOC to the Arctic Ocean over the 20th century with most coming from the extensive area of boreal deciduous needle-leaved forests and forested wetlands in Eurasian watersheds. We also estimate that the rate of terrestrial DOC loading has been increasing by 0.037 Tg C/yr2 over the 20th century primarily as a result of increases in air temperatures and precipitation. These increases have been partially compensated by decreases in terrestrial DOC loading caused by wildfires. Other environmental factors (CO2 fertilization, ozone pollution, atmospheric nitrogen deposition, timber harvest, agriculture) are estimated to have relatively small effects on terrestrial DOC loading to arctic rivers. The effects of the various environmental factors on terrestrial carbon dynamics have both compensated and enhanced concurrent effects on hydrology to influence terrestrial DOC loading. Future increases in riverine DOC concentrations and export may occur from warming-induced increases in terrestrial DOC production associated with enhanced microbial metabolism and the exposure of additional organic matter from permafrost degradation along with decreases in water yield associated with warming-induced increases in evapotranspiration. Improvements in simulating terrestrial DOC loading to pan-arctic rivers in the future will require better information on the spatial distribution of precipitation and its temporal trends, carbon dynamics of larch-dominated ecosystems in eastern Siberia, and the role of industrial organic effluents on carbon budgets of rivers in western Russia.

Kicklighter, David W. [Ecosystem Center, The] [Ecosystem Center, The; Hayes, Daniel J [ORNL] [ORNL; Mcclelland, James W [University of Texas] [University of Texas; Peterson, Bruce [Marine Biological Laboratory] [Marine Biological Laboratory; Mcguire, David [University of Alaska] [University of Alaska; Melillo, Jerry [Marine Biological Laboratory] [Marine Biological Laboratory

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A precision measurement of the $p$($e,e^\\prime p\\,$)$\\pi^0$ reaction at threshold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New results are reported from an experiment to measure $\\pi^0$ electroproduction at and above threshold using the $p(e,e^{\\prime} p)\\pi^0$ reaction. The experiment was designed to precisely determine the energy dependence of $s-$ and $p-$wave electromagnetic multipoles as a stringent test of the predictions of Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT). The data were taken with an electron beam energy of 1192 MeV using a two-spectrometer setup in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. For the first time, complete coverage of the $\\phi^*_{\\pi}$ and $\\theta^*_{\\pi}$ angles in the $p \\pi^0$ center-of-mass was obtained for invariant energies above threshold from 0.5~MeV up to 15~MeV. The 4-momentum transfer $Q^2$ coverage ranges from 0.05 to 0.155 (GeV/c)$^2$ in fine steps. A simple phenomenological analysis of our data shows strong disagreement with $p-$wave predictions from ChPT for $Q^2>0.07$ (GeV/c)$^2$, while the $s-$wave predictions are in reasonable agreement.

Chirapatpimol, K; Lindgren, R A; Smith, L C; Annand, J R M; Higinbotham, D W; Moffit, B; Nelyubin, V; Norum, B E; Allada, K; Aniol, K; Ardashev, K; Armstrong, D S; Arndt, R A; Benmokhtar, F; Bernstein, A M; Bertozzi, W; Briscoe, W J; Bimbot, L; Camsonne, A; Chen, J -P; Choi, S; Chudakov, E; Cisbani, E; Cusanno, F; Dalton, M M; Dutta, C; Egiyan, K; Fernandez-Ramirez, C; Feuerbach, R; Fissum, K G; Frullani, S; Garibaldi, F; Gayou, O; Gilman, R; Gilad, S; Goity, J; Gomez, J; Hahn, B; Hamilton, D; Hansen, J -O; Huang, J; Igarashi, R; Ireland, D; de Jager, C W; Jin, X; Jiang, X; Jinasundera, T; Kellie, J; Keppel, C E; Kolb, N; LeRose, J; Liyanage, N; Livingston, K; McNulty, D; Mercado, L; Michaels, R; Mihovilovic, M; Qian, S; Qian, X; Mailyan, S; Mamyan, V; Marrone, S; Monaghan, P; Nanda, S; Perdrisat, C F; Piasetzky, E; Protopopescu, D; Punjabi, V; Qiang, Y; Rachek, I A; Rakhman, A; Ron, G; Rosner, G; Saha, A; Sawatzky, B; Shahinyan, A; Sirca, S; Sparveris, N; Subedi, R R; Suleiman, R; Strakovsky, I; Sulkosky, V; Moinelo, J; Voskanyan, H; Wang, K; Wang, Y; Watson, J; Watts, D; Wojtsekhowski, B; Workman, R L; Yao, H; Zhan, X; Zhang, Y

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Testing general relativity with compact coalescing binaries: comparing exact and predictive methods to compute the Bayes factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The second generation of gravitational-wave detectors is scheduled to start operations in 2015. Gravitational-wave signatures of compact binary coalescences could be used to accurately test the strong-field dynamical predictions of general relativity. Computationally expensive data analysis pipelines, including TIGER, have been developed to carry out such tests. As a means to cheaply assess whether a particular deviation from general relativity can be detected, Cornish et al. and Vallisneri recently proposed an approximate scheme to compute the Bayes factor between a general-relativity gravitational-wave model and a model representing a class of alternative theories of gravity parametrised by one additional parameter. This approximate scheme is based on only two easy-to-compute quantities: the signal-to-noise ratio of the signal and the fitting factor between the signal and the manifold of possible waveforms within general relativity. In this work, we compare the prediction from the approximate formula against an exact numerical calculation of the Bayes factor using the lalinference library. We find that, using frequency-domain waveforms, the approximate scheme predicts exact results with good accuracy, providing the correct scaling with the signal-to-noise ratio at a fitting factor value of 0.992 and the correct scaling with the fitting factor at a signal-to-noise ratio of 20, down to a fitting factor of $\\sim$ 0.9. We extend the framework for the approximate calculation of the Bayes factor which significantly increases its range of validity, at least to fitting factors of $\\sim$ 0.7 or higher.

Walter Del Pozzo; Katherine Grover; Ilya Mandel; Alberto Vecchio

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

27

X-RAY SCALING RELATION IN EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES: DARK MATTER AS A PRIMARY FACTOR IN RETAINING HOT GAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have revisited the X-ray scaling relations of early-type galaxies (ETG) by investigating, for the first time, the L{sub X,Gas}-M{sub Total} relation in a sample of 14 ETGs. In contrast to the large scatter (a factor of 10{sup 2}-10{sup 3}) in the L{sub X,Total}-L{sub B} relation, we found a tight correlation between these physically motivated quantities with an rms deviation of a factor of three in L{sub X,Gas} = 10{sup 38}-10{sup 43} erg s{sup –1} or M{sub Total} = a few × 10{sup 10} to a few × 10{sup 12} M{sub ?}. More striking, this relation becomes even tighter with an rms deviation of a factor of 1.3 among the gas-rich galaxies (with L{sub X,Gas} > 10{sup 40} erg s{sup –1}). In a simple power-law form, the new relation is (L{sub X,Gas}/10{sup 40} erg s{sup –1}) = (M{sub Total}/3.2 × 10{sup 11} M{sub ?}){sup 3}. This relation is also consistent with the steep relation between the gas luminosity and temperature, L{sub X,Gas} ? T{sub Gas} {sup 4.5}, identified by Boroson et al., if the gas is virialized. Our results indicate that the total mass of an ETG is the primary factor in regulating the amount of hot gas. Among the gas-poor galaxies (with L{sub X,Gas} < a few × 10{sup 39} erg s{sup –1}), the scatter in the L{sub X,Gas}-M{sub Total} (and L{sub X,Gas}-T{sub Gas}) relation increases, suggesting that secondary factors (e.g., rotation, flattening, star formation history, cold gas, environment, etc.) may become important.

Kim, Dong-Woo; Fabbiano, Giuseppina [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

28

E-Print Network 3.0 - age-related rheumatoid factors Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

88% 83% 16 (1... , rheumatoid factor, calendar year, duration of ... Source: Robins, James M.- Departments of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Harvard University Collection:...

29

asphyxia-related risk factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2010-01-01 44 Review Epidemiology, risk factors, and lifestyle modifications for gout CiteSeer Summary: Gout affects more than 1 % of adults in the USA, and it is the most...

30

Gastrointestinal parasites in relation to host traits and group factors in wild meerkats Suricata suricatta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, population density and host age, sex or condition (Setchell et al. 2007; Thurber et al. 2011; Oates et al, UK 2 Kalahari Meerkat Project, Kuruman River Reserve, 8467 Van Zylsrus, Northern Cape, South Africa 3 regulatory factors in animal population, basic knowledge on meerkats' parasites is lacking. Here 100 fresh

Leclaire, Sarah

31

Glycogen synthase kinase 3 regulates expression of nuclear factor-erythroid-2 related transcription factor-1 (Nrf1) and inhibits pro-survival function of Nrf1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear factor E2-related factor-1 (Nrf1) is a basic leucine zipper transcription factor that is known to regulate antioxidant and cytoprotective gene expression. It was recently shown that Nrf1 is regulated by SCF–Fbw7 ubiquitin ligase. However our knowledge of upstream signals that targets Nrf1 for degradation by the UPS is not known. We report here that Nrf1 expression is negatively regulated by glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) in Fbw7-dependent manner. We show that GSK3 interacts with Nrf1 and phosphorylates the Cdc4 phosphodegron domain (CPD) in Nrf1. Mutation of serine residue in the CPD of Nrf1 to alanine (S350A), blocks Nrf1 from phosphorylation by GSK3, and stabilizes Nrf1. Knockdown of Nrf1 and expression of a constitutively active form of GSK3 results in increased apoptosis in neuronal cells in response to ER stress, while expression of the GSK3 phosphorylation resistant S350A–Nrf1 attenuates apoptotic cell death. Together these data suggest that GSK3 regulates Nrf1 expression and cell survival function in response to stress activation. Highlights: • The effect of GSK3 on Nrf1 expression was examined. • GSK3 destabilizes Nrf1 protein via Fbw7 ubiquitin ligase. • GSK3 binds and phosphorylates Nrf1. • Protection from stress-induced apoptosis by Nrf1 is inhibited by GSK3.

Biswas, Madhurima; Kwong, Erick K.; Park, Eujean; Nagra, Parminder; Chan, Jefferson Y., E-mail: jchan@uci.edu

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Fruiting and Shedding of Cotton in Relation to Light and Other Limiting Factors.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sunshine as a third donlinant factor essential for high yielcls of this crop and he has shown that the well established cotton fields of the ~~orld lie within the belts of "minimum cloud zones", namely, hetween 10" and 35" N and 12" and 35" S latitudes.... For esample) data taken by McDowell (40, 41) at the Iowa Park substation, under irrigated conditions, from 1932 to 1942 show that those years during 6 BULLETIN- NO. 677, TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 1 which the highest rainfalls were recorded were...

Dunlap, A. A. (Albert Atkinson)

1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Indoor risk factors for cough and their relation to wheeze and sensitization in Chilean young adults  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We assessed the effects of indoor risk factors, including smoking, on different types of cough and on cough and wheeze in combination. Our sample was composed of 1232 men and women residing in a semi-rural area of Chile. We used a standardized questionnaire, sensitization to 8 allergens, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine to assess cough and wheeze characteristics. Information was gathered on dampness, mold, ventilation, heating, housing quality, smoking, and environmental tobacco smoke exposure. Most exposures were associated with cough alone or cough in combination with wheeze. Smoking, past smoking, and environmental tobacco smoke exposure were strongly associated with dry cough and wheeze. The use of coal for heating was associated with dry cough. Leaks, mold, and lack of kitchen ventilation were associated with cough and wheeze. Nocturnal cough and productive cough were associated with specific types of sensitization, but dry cough was not. Productive cough was associated with hyperresponsiveness to methacholine. Several different types of indoor exposures, including environmental tobacco smoke exposure, are important contributors to morbidity associated with cough and wheeze. A vigorous preventive strategy designed to lower exposures to indoor risk factors would lower rates of respiratory morbidity.

Potts, J.F.; Rona, R.J.; Oyarzun, M.J.; Amigo, H.; Bustos, P. [Kings College London, London (United Kingdom). Dept. for Public Health Science

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Technical issues related to NUREG 0800, Chapter 18: Human Factors Engineering/Standard Review Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The revision of Chapter 18 of NUREG 0800, Human Factors Engineering Standard Review Plan (SRP) will be based on SECY 82-111 and guidance contained in NUREG 0700, NUREG 0801 and NUREG 0835, plus other references. In conducting field reviews of control rooms, the NRC has identified technical issues which can be used to enhance the development of the revised version of NUREG 0800, and to establish priorities among the list of possible Branch Technical Positions (BTP) in NUREG 0800, Rev. 0, Table 18.0-2. This report is a compilation of comments and suggestions from the people who used NUREG 0700 in the Control Room field reviews. This information was used to establish possible BTP topic priorities so that the most important BTPs could be issued first. The comments and suggestions are included for HFEB review in conjunction with the table of priorities.

Savage, J.W.

1982-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

35

The discovery of glycine and related amino acid-based factor Xa inhibitors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Herein, we report on the identification of three potent glycine and related amino acid-based series of FXa inhibitors containing a neutral P1 chlorophenyl pharmacophore. A X-ray crystal structure has shown that constrained glycine derivatives with optimized N-substitution can greatly increase hydrophobic interactions in the FXa active site. Also, the substitution of a pyridone ring for a phenylsulfone ring in the P4 sidechain resulted in an inhibitor with enhanced oral bioavailability.

Kohrt, Jeffrey T.; Filipski, Kevin J.; Cody, Wayne L.; Bigge, Christopher F.; La, Frances; Welch, Kathleen; Dahring, Tawny; Bryant, John W.; Leonard, Daniele; Bolton, Gary; Narasimhan, Lakshmi; Zhang, Erli; Peterson, J. Thomas; Haarer, Staci; Sahasrabudhe, Vaishali; Janiczek, Nancy; Desiraju, Shrilakshmi; Hena, Mostofa; Fiakpui, Charles; Saraswat, Neerja; Sharma, Raman; Sun, Shaoyi; Maiti, Samarendra N.; Leadley, Robert; Edmunds, Jeremy J. (Naeja); (Pfizer)

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

36

Baseline for Climate Change: Modeling Watershed Aquatic Biodiversity Relative to Environmental and Anthropogenic Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objectives of the two-year study were to (1) establish baselines for fish and macroinvertebrate community structures in two mid-Atlantic lower Piedmont watersheds (Quantico Creek, a pristine forest watershed; and Cameron Run, an urban watershed, Virginia) that can be used to monitor changes relative to the impacts related to climate change in the future; (2) create mathematical expressions to model fish species richness and diversity, and macroinvertebrate taxa and macroinvertebrate functional feeding group taxa richness and diversity that can serve as a baseline for future comparisons in these and other watersheds in the mid-Atlantic region; and (3) heighten people’s awareness, knowledge and understanding of climate change and impacts on watersheds in a laboratory experience and interactive exhibits, through internship opportunities for undergraduate and graduate students, a week-long teacher workshop, and a website about climate change and watersheds. Mathematical expressions modeled fish and macroinvertebrate richness and diversity accurately well during most of the six thermal seasons where sample sizes were robust. Additionally, hydrologic models provide the basis for estimating flows under varying meteorological conditions and landscape changes. Continuations of long-term studies are requisite for accurately teasing local human influences (e.g. urbanization and watershed alteration) from global anthropogenic impacts (e.g. climate change) on watersheds. Effective and skillful translations (e.g. annual potential exposure of 750,000 people to our inquiry-based laboratory activities and interactive exhibits in Virginia) of results of scientific investigations are valuable ways of communicating information to the general public to enhance their understanding of climate change and its effects in watersheds.

Maurakis, Eugene G

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Relationalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article contributes to the debate of the meaning of relationalism and background independence, which has remained of interest in theoretical physics from Newton versus Leibniz through to foundational issues for today's leading candidate theories of quantum gravity. I contrast and compose the substantially different Leibniz--Mach--Barbour (LMB) and Rovelli--Crane (RC) uses of the word `relational'. Leibniz advocated primary timelessness and Mach that `time is to be abstracted from change'. I consider 3 distinct viewpoints on Machian time: Barbour's, Rovelli's and my own. I provide four expansions on Barbour's taking configuration space to be primary: to (perhaps a weakened notion of) phase space, categorizing, perspecting and propositioning. Categorizing means considering not only object spaces but also the corresponding morphisms and then functors between such pairs. Perspecting means considering the set of subsystem perspectives; this is an arena in which the LMB and Rovelli approaches make contact. By propositioning, I mean considering the set of propositions about a physical (sub)system. I argue against categorization being more than a formal pre-requisite for quantization in general; however, perspecting is a categorical operation, and propositioning leads one to considering topoi, with Isham and Doering's work represents one possibility for a mathematically sharp implementation of propositioning. Further applications of this article are arguing for Ashtekar variables as being relational in LMB as well as just the usually-ascribed RC sense, relationalism versus supersymmetry, string theory and M-theory. The question of whether scale is relational is also considered, with quantum cosmology in mind.

Edward Anderson

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

Determination of secondary ion mass spectrometry relative sensitivity factors for polar and non-polar ZnO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zinc oxide (ZnO) is regarded as a promising material for optoelectronic devices, due to its electronic properties. Solely, the difficulty in obtaining p-type ZnO impedes further progress. In this connection, the identification and quantification of impurities is a major demand. For quantitative information using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), so-called relative sensitivity factors (RSF) are mandatory. Such conversion factors did not yet exist for ZnO. In this work, we present the determined RSF values for ZnO using primary (ion implanted) as well as secondary (bulk doped) standards. These RSFs have been applied to commercially available ZnO substrates of different surface termination (a-plane, Zn-face, and O-face) to quantify the contained impurities. Although these ZnO substrates originate from the same single-crystal, we observe discrepancies in the impurity concentrations. These results cannot be attributed to surface termination dependent RSF values for ZnO.

Laufer, Andreas; Volbers, Niklas; Eisermann, Sebastian; Meyer, Bruno K. [Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen (Germany); Potzger, Kay [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstrasse 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany); Geburt, Sebastian; Ronning, Carsten [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Changes in Obesity-related Food Behavior: A Nutrition Education Intervention to Change Attitudes and Other Factors Associated with Food-related Intentions in Adolescents: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by DIANE ELIZABETH CARSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2010 Major Subject: Nutrition CHANGES IN OBESITY...-RELATED FOOD BEHAVIOR: A NUTRITION EDUCATION INTERVENTION TO CHANGE ATTITUDES AND OTHER FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH FOOD-RELATED INTENTIONS IN ADOLESCENTS: AN APPLICATION OF THE THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR A Dissertation by DIANE ELIZABETH CARSON...

Carson, Diane E.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

40

Relative Response to Low-Energy Photons and Determination of Instrument Correction Factors for Portable Radiation Instrumentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

keV for the Eberline Teletector 6112B low and high-range detectors, respectively. A correction factor of 0.8 should be applied for photons below 120 keV for the Eberline RO-7-BM. For the Thermo Mk2 EPD, a correction factor of 1.25 should... energy model (left). Side view with the aluminum case removed (right).................................................................. 15 6 Front view of a Thermo MK2 electronic personal dosimeter (left). Disassembled view; the compensating...

Wagoner, David Andrew

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Tumor Necrosis Factor-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand Receptors Signal NF-B and JNK Activation and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

factor NF- B. TRAIL-R4 can activate NF- B and protect cells from TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Here we show pathway. We also show that activa- tion of NF- B or overexpression of TRAIL-R4 does not protect TRAIL-R1, 5). Previous stud- ies suggest that TRAIL is capable of inducing apoptosis of various cancer cell

Hu, Wen-Hui

42

Management problems relative to granting civilian personnel authority to supervisors in the Air Training Command  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?" Nodern Induct (April 15, 1252)? pp. 1 3. "Recruitment? Examination? snd Certification, " Federal Personnel Nanual (january 23? 1955)? ppi R2:1-75? top three applicants on the list. If~ however, ths base desires to select a name farther down the list...HAMAGEHEliT PROBLEHS RELATIVE TO GBAHTXHG CIVILIAN PERSONNEL AUTHORITY TO SUPERVISORS IH THE AIR TRAINING COHHAHB Kenneth Holf Submitted to the Graduate Sohool of the Amicultural and Hschanical College oi' Texas in partial fulfillment of ths...

Wolf, Kenneth

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Depletion of hepatoma-derived growth factor-related protein-3 induces apoptotic sensitization of radioresistant A549 cells via reactive oxygen species-dependent p53 activation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: •HRP-3 is a radiation- and anticancer drug-responsive protein in A549 cells. •Depletion of HRP-3 induces apoptosis of radio- and chemoresistant A549 cells. •Depletion of HRP-3 promotes ROS generation via inhibition of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. •Depletion of HRP-3 enhances ROS-dependent p53 activation and PUMA expression. -- Abstract: Biomarkers based on functional signaling have the potential to provide greater insight into the pathogenesis of cancer and may offer additional targets for anticancer therapeutics. Here, we identified hepatoma-derived growth factor-related protein-3 (HRP-3) as a radioresistance-related gene and characterized the molecular mechanism by which its encoded protein regulates the radio- and chemoresistant phenotype of lung cancer-derived A549 cells. Knockdown of HRP-3 promoted apoptosis of A549 cells and potentiated the apoptosis-inducing action of radio- and chemotherapy. This increase in apoptosis was associated with a substantial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that was attributable to inhibition of the Nrf2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway and resulted in enhanced ROS-dependent p53 activation and p53-dependent expression of PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis). Therefore, the HRP-3/Nrf2/HO-1/ROS/p53/PUMA cascade is an essential feature of the A549 cell phenotype and a potential radiotherapy target, extending the range of targets in multimodal therapies against lung cancer.

Yun, Hong Shik; Hong, Eun-Hee [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of) [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Su-Jae [Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Baek, Jeong-Hwa [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of) [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Chang-Woo [Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Yim, Ji-Hye; Um, Hong-Duck [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of)] [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Sang-Gu, E-mail: sgh63@kcch.re.kr [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of)] [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

44

ALLSMOG: an APEX Low-redshift Legacy Survey for MOlecular Gas. I - molecular gas scaling relations, and the effect of the CO/H2 conversion factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present ALLSMOG, the APEX Low-redshift Legacy Survey for MOlecular Gas. ALLSMOG is a survey designed to observe the CO(2-1) emission line with the APEX telescope, in a sample of local galaxies (0.01 conversion factor. We find an increase in the H2/HI mass ratio with stellar mass which closely matches semi-analytic predictions. We find a mean molecular gas fraction for ALLSMOG galaxies of MH2/M* = (0.09 - 0.13),...

Bothwell, M S; Cicone, C; Maiolino, R; Møller, P; Aravena, M; De Breuck, C; Peng, Y; Espada, D; Hodge, J A; Impellizzeri, C M V; Martín, S; Riechers, D; Walter, F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

A study of some of the factors influencing the laboratory determination of the relative permeability-saturation relationship for large diameter limestone cores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are several relative permeability curves for porous media. Although much experimental work has been done on the flow of heterogeneous fluids through porous med. ia there is insuffici. ent, data to allow the prediction of the relative permeabi11ty-saturation... med. ia. His experiments were made w1th water flowing through horizontal sand filter bed, s and resulted. in his formulation that the rate of flow of a fluid. through a porous medium is proportional to the pressure or hydraulic gradient...

Young, Roy M

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Nesting success of the great-tailed grackle (Cassidix mexicanus prosopidicola) in relation to certain density dependent and density independent factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and survival were discussed in relation to the "Darling effect. " Although synchronization of breeding was observed in colonies which achieved greater fecundity during 1971 and 1972, the combined data reflected a greater relationship between availability... and nesting success was first investigated by Darling (1938). He suggested that colonial nesting birds such as the herring gull (L* ~t)a d d tg f " rl rr 1tt This stimulation increased with colony size to a point of causing closer synchronization...

Gotie, Robert Francis

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The effect of sociocultural factors on the quality of relations of the United States with Hispaniola: analysis of the American military occupation of Haiti and the Dominican Republic (1915-1934)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS ON THE QUALITY OF RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES WITH HISPANIOLA: ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN MILITARY OCCUPATION OF HAITI AND THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (1915-1934) A Thesis By FAUSTO B. ALVAREZ Submitted... WITH HISPANIOLA: ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN MILITARY OCCUPATION OF HAITI AND THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (1915-1934) A Thesis by FAUSTO B. ALVAREZ Approved as to style and content by: C arrperson o Co ee) ames H. Copp (Member) Wm. Alex McIntosh (Member) James...

Alvarez, Fausto B.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

TO I Ppi B. Harris, Chief, Industrial Rygiene Branah  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545 OCT 28SacandagaSiteCT-. \5-1 .: . PBOMPpi

49

Relational EPR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the EPR-type correlations from the perspective of the relational interpretation of quantum mechanics. We argue that these correlations do not entail any form of 'non-locality', when viewed in the context of this interpretation. The abandonment of strict Einstein realism implied by the relational stance permits to reconcile quantum mechanics, completeness, (operationally defined) separability, and locality.

Matteo Smerlak; Carlo Rovelli

2006-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

50

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation The power factor (PF) is defined as the ratio between the active power and the apparent power of a system. If the current and voltage are periodic with period , and [ ), then the active power is defined by ( ) ( ) (their inner product

Knobloch,Jürgen

51

Complementary Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Special theory of relativity has been formulated in a vacuum momentum-energy representation which is equivalent to Einstein special relativity and predicts just the same results as it. Although in this sense such a formulation would be at least classically useless, its consistent extension to noninertial frames produces a momentum-energy metric which behaves as a new dynamical quantity that is here interpreted in terms of a cosmological field. This new field would be complementary to gravity in that its strength varies inversely to as that of gravity does. Using a strong-field approximation, we suggest that the existence of this cosmological field would induce a shift of luminous energy which could justify the existence of all the assumed invisible matter in the universe, so as the high luminousities found in active galactic nuclei and quasars.

P. F. Gonzalez-Diaz

1994-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

52

Investor Relations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area.PortaldefaultIntroducing AuroraInvestor Relations

53

Latent Factor Models for Relational Data Statistics, Biostatistics and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-sharing activity between i and j Protein-protein interactions A=proteins, yi,j = the interaction between i and j.01.02.0 log-odds ratio -1.0 -0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 0.00.51.01.52.0 #12;Model lack of fit Neither of these models do

Hoff, Peter

54

Latent Factor Models for Relational Data Statistics, Biostatistics and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-sharing activity between i and j Protein-protein interactions A=proteins, yi,j = the interaction between i and j assumptions q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q #12;Model lack of fit Neither

Hoff, Peter

55

Environmental factors in relation to seedling necroses of cotton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COE LI O 1A ro q ?n LI H _st B AG LI Ov i CO ?*> CM CM e ? ? ? ?CJ Ia oFTRLI B XGLI OOCM L I BR AL Y &M &** -StLI GAAG LI vQO \\ NO NO t A B YSR B CM LI LH LI CM OK n CM o ? oo I -Ot n1 oo ^ &H eOOtr\\ ?ncM 0\\ LI _ a... nA sG B F?R _E B CO Y t A I A O LI LI ?+?? oStLI I 3 O COo o LI LI GG LI G LI LI P-'i LI B f t 1A* CO _=T l>- B B CM B B Os B F * LI B LI B? ? L I LI B sS> L I IL Y Y CO -vA LI EG YB LI LI B AG LG LI LI IA...

Das, Gopinath

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Factors related to high school student behavior toward marijuana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 20 This school, chosen because it had a large number of Mexican- American students, was middle or lower-middle in socio-economic status. Slightly over 21 percent of the sample attended the predominantly Anglo school which was lower-middle... in the prescriptiveness of school norms. Whether or not a student, was classified as a marijuana "user" or abstainer" was determined by his response to the question, "Have you ever used marijuana?" Over 23 percent of the students answered "yes" to this question...

Fry, Patricia Ann Mumford

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

57

Renewable Energy Across the 50 United States and Related Factors.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Renewable energy production replaces diminishing non-renewable energy sources including fossil fuels. Major sources of renewable energy include biofuels, geothermal, hydroelectric, solar thermal and photovoltaic, wind,… (more)

Christenson, Cynthia Brit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

adults related factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SCHOOL A THESIS by JOAN MARIE CHAMPLIN-TITRE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER...

59

History and evolution of buildup factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gamma-ray buildup factor is a term whose origin is lost in the mists of the early history of the Manhattan Project.' Its introduction stems from the observation that the calculations for the uncollided photons, i.e., those that have arrived at R without suffering any collisions, are usually a relatively simple matter, involving only an exponential kernel. The buildup factor is then a multiplicative factor, which corrects the answer that is proportional to the uncollided flux density to include the effects of the scattered photons. This paper further summarizes and traces efforts since 1954 at calculating and mathematically defining buildup factors.

Trubey, D.K.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Power Factor Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power factor control is a necessary ingredient in any successful Energy Management Program. Many companies are operating with power factors of 70% or less and are being penalized through the electrical utility bill. This paper starts by describing...

Viljoen, T. A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Relational Database SQL: Querying the Relational DB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: auto-completion and command history Weigang Qiu Relational Database & SQL #12;Relational Database SQLRelational Database SQL: Querying the Relational DB Workshop: the "genome" Database Relational Database & SQL Weigang Qiu Department of Biological Sciences Hunter College BIOL 425 Computational

Qiu, Weigang

62

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, or in U.S. relations with Venezuela, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Nigeria? We will analyze

O'Donnell, Tom

63

Meson electromagnetic form factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromagnetic structure of the pseudoscalar meson nonet is completely described by the sophisticated Unitary&Analytic model, respecting all known theoretical properties of the corresponding form factors.

Stanislav Dubnicka; Anna Z. Dubnickova

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

64

New Blind Signatures Equivalent to Factorization (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Blind Signatures Equivalent to Factorization (Extended Abstract) David Pointcheval Jacques Stern Abstract In this paper, we present new blind signature schemes based on the factorization problem. They are the first blind sig- nature schemes proved secure relatively to factorization. By security, we mean

Pointcheval, David

65

FGF growth factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the formula: ##STR00001## where R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, X, Y and Z are as defined, pharmaceutical compositions, coating compositions and medical devices including the fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the foregoing formula, and methods and uses thereof.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Takahashi, Kazuyuki (Germantown, MD)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

66

Multi-factor authentication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Detection and deterrence of spoofing of user authentication may be achieved by including a cryptographic fingerprint unit within a hardware device for authenticating a user of the hardware device. The cryptographic fingerprint unit includes an internal physically unclonable function ("PUF") circuit disposed in or on the hardware device, which generates a PUF value. Combining logic is coupled to receive the PUF value, combines the PUF value with one or more other authentication factors to generate a multi-factor authentication value. A key generator is coupled to generate a private key and a public key based on the multi-factor authentication value while a decryptor is coupled to receive an authentication challenge posed to the hardware device and encrypted with the public key and coupled to output a response to the authentication challenge decrypted with the private key.

Hamlet, Jason R; Pierson, Lyndon G

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

67

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis! Temperature Eppley (1972) Light Sverdrup's Critical Depth-493, but the general concept is still valid! ! #12;PB opt & Temperature! #12;Photosynthesis & Temperature! Remember: in the laboratory, we can measure photosynthesis versus irradiance (PvsE) and calculate Ek, Pmax, and alpha

Kudela, Raphael M.

68

Public Health FAT FACTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: THE UNITED STATES SPENDS MORE ON HEALTH CARE THAN ANY OTHER COUNTRY. YET WE CONTINUE TO FALL FAR BEHIND States spends an astonishing percent of our gross domestic product on health care--significantly moreColumbia Public Health HOT TOPIC Climate Change FAT FACTORS Obesity Prevention BOOK SMART

Qian, Ning

69

Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has been much activity in the measurement of the elastic electromagnetic proton and neutron form factors in the last decade, and the quality of the data has greatly improved by performing double polarization experiments, in comparison with previous unpolarized data. Here we review the experimental data base in view of the new results for the proton, and neutron, obtained at JLab, MAMI, and MIT-Bates. The rapid evolution of phenomenological models triggered by these high-precision experiments will be discussed, including the recent progress in the determination of the valence quark generalized parton distributions of the nucleon, as well as the steady rate of improvements made in the lattice QCD calculations.

Marc Vanderhaeghen; Charles Perdrisat; Vina Punjabi

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

E-Print Network 3.0 - action psychosocial factors Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

studies relating psychosocial factors to health and long... . SOLOMON, D. CRUESS, J. BARROSO & M. STIVERS. 1995. Psychosocial ... Source: Meagher, Mary - Department of...

71

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contractual, energy and market-related characteristics. Alocal-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localof the relationship between energy factor markets, leasing

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

SciTech Connect: Use of indexed sensitivity factors in the analysis...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

and was influenced by the particular sheath material used in the thermocouple construction. Relative sensitivity factors, indexed by a matrix ion species ratio, were used to...

73

Thermodynamics and scale relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown how the fractal paths of scale relativity (following Nottale) can be introduced into a thermodynamical context (following Asadov-Kechkin).

Robert Carroll

2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

74

Community Relations Plan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Permittees and the public are documented during the Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Community Relations Plan development. Contact Environmental Communication & Public...

75

Public Relations Press Release  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

noticeable and widely differing effects on agriculture and societies in the Ancient Near East change and drought in ancient times Tübingen archaeobotanist probes ancient grains to map drought stress on agriculture is believed to be a key factor in the rise and fall of societies in the Ancient Near East. Dr

Tübingen, Universität

76

PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RELATED PROCESSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;#12;#12;PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RELATED PROCESSES VOLUME II Part 2 #12;« '«;- py as- b^ Section Research, 7, 288, 1954). #12;PHOTOSYNTHESIS nnd Related Processes By EUGENE I. RABINOWITCH Research Professor, Photosynthesis Research Labora- tory, Department of Botany, University of Illinois. Formerly

Govindjee

77

Fully relativistic form factor for Thomson scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We derive a fully relativistic form factor for Thomson scattering in unmagnetized plasmas valid to all orders in the normalized electron velocity, beta->=v->/c. The form factor is compared to a previously derived expression where the lowest order electron velocity, beta->, corrections are included [J. Sheffield, Plasma Scattering of Electromagnetic Radiation (Academic Press, New York, 1975)]. The beta-> expansion approach is sufficient for electrostatic waves with small phase velocities such as ion-acoustic waves, but for electron-plasma waves the phase velocities can be near luminal. At high phase velocities, the electron motion acquires relativistic corrections including effective electron mass, relative motion of the electrons and electromagnetic wave, and polarization rotation. These relativistic corrections alter the scattered emission of thermal plasma waves, which manifest as changes in both the peak power and width of the observed Thomson-scattered spectra.

Palastro, J. P.; Ross, J. S.; Pollock, B.; Divol, L.; Froula, D. H.; Glenzer, S. H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Reliability and Validity: One Factor and Third Factor Tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7 Reliability and Validity: One Factor and Third Factor Tests D. White and A. Korotayev 26 Sept 2003 Html links are live Reliability and validity are crucial issues in research. Reliability may have high validity but low reliability, in which case its correlations with other high validity

White, Douglas R.

79

General relativity and experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The confrontation between Einstein's theory of gravitation and experiment is summarized. Although all current experimental data are compatible with general relativity, the importance of pursuing the quest for possible deviations from Einstein's theory is emphasized.

T. Damour

1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

80

Recursive relational urban design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis proposes a methodology for the act of urban design that is recursive and centered around explicit relational operations, enabled by taking advantage of computation and parametric techniques. It contains iterative ...

Hillman, Dessen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

de Sitter special relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A special relativity based on the de Sitter group is introduced, which is the theory that might hold up in the presence of a non-vanishing cosmological constant. Like ordinary special relativity, it retains the quotient character of spacetime, and a notion of homogeneity. As a consequence, the underlying spacetime will be a de Sitter spacetime, whose associated kinematics will differ from that of ordinary special relativity. The corresponding modified notions of energy and momentum are obtained, and the exact relationship between them, which is invariant under a re-scaling of the involved quantities, explicitly exhibited. Since the de Sitter group can be considered a particular deformation of the Poincar\\'e group, this theory turns out to be a specific kind of deformed (or doubly) special relativity. Some experimental consequences, as well as the causal structure of spacetime--modified by the presence of the de Sitter horizon--are briefly discussed.

R. Aldrovandi; J. P. Beltran Almeida; J. G. Pereira

2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

82

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting health-related quality Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that affect quality of life and influence healthy (and unhealthy... .e. Walkability, bicycle-friendly) Assessing factors that position communities as health-related...

83

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-related injury risk Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences ; Engineering 39 Risk factors for injury accidents among moped and motorcycle riders Summary: of alcohol-related risk. To avoid this, our responsibility analysis...

84

Integral Operators with Singular Canonical Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) implies that the projections ssL, ssR from C onto the first a* *nd second factor of T *IRnLx T *IRn#) of the canonical relation C, we will consider ssL, ssR as lifted by -* onto IRn* *Lx IRnR: ssL, h(x, #) detSx#. We will be assuming that one of the projections (for definiteness, ssL) is a

Comech, Andrew

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti ppi0 mit Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Materials Scientists more and more... to the demonstration of broadband anti-reflection coatings that mimic the anti-reflection properties of the moth eye... within the...

86

Compression Guidance for 1000 ppi Friction Ridge Imagery NIST Special Publication 500-289  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to acknowledge and thank the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division as well as other key partners at the FBI who provided support in order for a WSQ encoder and decoder to meet FBI certifications. These certifications are designed

87

Embeddings and factorizations of Banach spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

argument works in our context. 29 CHAPTER IV OPERATORS WHICH FACTOR THROUGH lscriptP OR c0 A. Introduction In [12], W. B. Johnson answered the following question about the relation between the structure of Lp and lscriptp. Question IV.A.1. Give a Banach... space condition so that if X is a subspace of Lp (1 < p < 2) which satisfies the condition, then X embeds isomorphically into lscriptp. The equivalent dual question would be: Question IV.A.2. Give a Banach space condition so that if X is a quotient of Lp...

Zheng, Bentuo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

ARM - Relative Humidity Calculations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC :ProductsSCM Forcing Data DerivedInstruments Related LinksCalculatorsRelative

89

EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF STEAM WATER RELATIVE PERMEABILITY RELATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF STEAM WATER RELATIVE PERMEABILITY RELATIONS A REPORT SUBMITTED;Abstract A set of relative permeability relations for simultaneous ow of steam and water in porous media with saturation and pressure measurements. These relations show that the relative permeability for steam phase

Stanford University

90

Thermodynamics Review and Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamics Review and Relations Review · Gas filled piston Motivation Thermodynamics the efficiency of steam engine. Only macroscopic continues states of matter are con- sidered. Thermodynamics of thermodynamics is essential since it easily to statistical mechanics. Definitions and Convention Signs The sign

91

Class not > 1% relative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). Knowledge of the composition of this crude oil is instrumental in determining its DWH Crude Neutrals & Bases Organic Acids DWH Crude Neutrals & Bases Organic Acids 20 40 60 800 20 40 Class not > 1% relative abundance Carbon Number DWH Crude Neutrals & Bases Organic Acids DWH Crude

Weston, Ken

92

Heavy to light baryon transition form factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, Stech found form factor relations for heavy to light transitions based on two simple dynamical assumptions for a spectator particle. In this paper we generalize his approach to the case of baryons and find that for {Lambda}{sub {ital Q}}{r_arrow}{Lambda} ({ital Q}={ital b} or {ital c}) only one independent form factor remains in the limit {ital m}{sub {ital Q}}{r_arrow}{infinity}. Furthermore, combining with the model of Guo and Kroll we determine both of the two form factors for {Lambda}{sub {ital Q}}{r_arrow}{Lambda} in the heavy quark limit. The results are applied to {Lambda}{sub {ital b}}{r_arrow}{Lambda}+{ital J}/{psi} which is not clarified both theoretically and experimentally. It is found that the branching ratio of {Lambda}{sub {ital b}}{r_arrow}{Lambda}+{ital J}/{psi} is of order 10{sup {minus}5}. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Guo, X. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil] [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; [Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100039, People`s Republic of (China); Huang, T. [CCAST (World Laboratory) P.O. Box 8730, Beijing 100080, People`s Republic of (China)] [CCAST (World Laboratory) P.O. Box 8730, Beijing 100080, People`s Republic of (China); [Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100039, People`s Republic of (China); Li, Z. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100039, People`s Republic of (China)] [Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100039, People`s Republic of (China)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Electrical and Production Load Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Texas Abstract Load factors and operating hours of small and medium-sized industrial plants are analyzed to classify shift-work patterns and develop energy conservation diagnostic tools. This paper discusses two types of electric load factors... for each shift classification within major industry groups. The load factor based on billing hours (ELF) increases with operating hours from about 0.4 for a nominal one shift operation, to about 0.7 for around-the-clock operation. On the other hand...

Sen, T.; Heffington, W. M.

94

A Case for Lorentzian Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Lorentz transformation (LT) is explained by changes occurring in the wave characteristics of matter as it changes inertial frame. This explanation is akin to that favoured by Lorentz, but informed by later insights, due primarily to de Broglie, regarding the underlying unity of matter and radiation. To show the nature of these changes, a massive particle is modelled as a standing wave in three dimensions. As the particle moves, the standing wave becomes a travelling wave having two factors. One is a carrier wave displaying the dilated frequency and contracted ellipsoidal form described by the LT, while the other (identified as the de Broglie wave) is a modulation defining the dephasing of the carrier wave (and thus the failure of simultaneity) in the direction of travel. The superluminality of the de Broglie wave is thus explained, as are several other mysterious features of the optical behaviour of matter, including the physical meaning of the Schr\\"odinger Eqn. and the relevance to scattering processes of the de Broglie wave number. Consideration is given to what this Lorentzian approach to relativity might mean for the possible existence of a preferred frame and the origin of the observed Minkowski metric.

Daniel Shanahan

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

95

Integer factorization is in P  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be solved by a deterministic Turing machine in polynomial time(see e.g.. Cormen et al. (2009)). Theorem 5. Integer factorization is in FP. Algorithm 2 can be ...

owner

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

96

Automatic Test Factoring for Java  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test factoring creates fast, focused unit tests from slow system-widetests; each new unit test exercises only a subset of the functionalityexercised by the system test. Augmenting a test suite with factoredunit tests ...

Saff, David

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

97

EFFICIENT STRUCTURED MULTIFRONTAL FACTORIZATION FOR ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Such rank phenomenon is indeed observed for the .... Moreover, the HSS tree can help quickly identify any off-diagonal block of the ...... Table 4.1. Factorization cost ?fact, solution cost ?sol, and storage ?mem of the structured multifrontal.

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

98

Human Factors of Reporting Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Johnson,C.W. P. Carayon (ed.), A Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Healthcare and Patient Safety, Lawrence Erlbaum, London, UK. pp 715-750 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Johnson, C.W.

99

Radiant-interchange configuration factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RADIANT-INTERCHANGE CONFIGURATION FACTORS A Thesis By THOMAS E DW ARD RE D DIN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A)M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1965 Major... wife, Dorene, whose patience and encouragement have been a constant source of inspiration. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER I . INTRODUCTION PAGE ~ 0 1 II. THE GEOMETRY OF THE BLACK BODY CONFIGURATION FACTOR. . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1...

Reddin, Thomas Edward

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Hauptmann's Relation To Christianity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KU ScholarWorks | The University of Kansas Pre-1923 Dissertations and Theses Collection Hauptmann’s Relation To Christianity 1914 by Irene May Garrett This work was digitized by the Scholarly Communications program staff in the KU Libraries... S T I A N I T Y . »y Irene May Garrett, A thesis submitted to the department of German of the University of Kansas in partial fullfilment of the requirements for the Master's Degree. May 15, 1914. Bibliography. Biography. Schlenther, Paul...

Garrett, Irene May

1914-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ARM - Related Links  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC :ProductsSCM Forcing Data DerivedInstruments Related Links

102

An Empirical Investigation of the Impacts of Sun-Related Glare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Empirical Investigation of the Impacts of Sun-Related Glare on Traffic Flow Benjamin Auffray- investigated Most research studies crash-related factors Sun related glare not studiedSun-related glare not studied #12;Sun Glare Effect Physiological action Two aspects : disability and discomfort Heterogeneity

Bertini, Robert L.

103

Geothermal: Related Links  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning FunNeuTel2011Programmatic ReportsContactRelated Links

104

Fermilab Today - Related Content  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:Epitaxial ThinFORFALL NEWSFemtosecondSystemsthisGuidelinesRelated

105

Lifestyle Factors in U.S. Residential Electricity Consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multivariate statistical approach to lifestyle analysis of residential electricity consumption is described and illustrated. Factor analysis of selected variables from the 2005 U.S. Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) identified five lifestyle factors reflecting social and behavioral choices associated with air conditioning, laundry usage, personal computer usage, climate zone of residence, and TV use. These factors were also estimated for 2001 RECS data. Multiple regression analysis using the lifestyle factors yields solutions accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in electricity consumption for both years. By adding the associated household and market characteristics of income, local electricity price and access to natural gas, variance accounted for is increased to approximately 54%. Income contributed only {approx}1% unique variance to the 2005 and 2001 models, indicating that lifestyle factors reflecting social and behavioral choices better account for consumption differences than income. This was not surprising given the 4-fold range of energy use at differing income levels. Geographic segmentation of factor scores is illustrated, and shows distinct clusters of consumption and lifestyle factors, particularly in suburban locations. The implications for tailored policy and planning interventions are discussed in relation to lifestyle issues.

Sanquist, Thomas F.; Orr, Heather M.; Shui, Bin; Bittner, Alvah C.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

106

Transcription factor-based biosensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides for a system comprising a BmoR transcription factor, a .sigma..sup.54-RNA polymerase, and a pBMO promoter operatively linked to a reporter gene, wherein the pBMO promoter is capable of expression of the reporter gene with an activated form of the BmoR and the .sigma..sup.54-RNA polymerase.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

107

Baryonic Tully-Fisher Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I describe the disk mass-rotation velocity relation which underpins the familiar luminosity-linewidth relation. Continuity of this relation favors nearly maximal stellar mass-to-light ratios. This contradicts the low mass-to-light ratios implied by the lack of surface brightness dependence in the same relation.

Stacy McGaugh

2000-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

108

Relating productivity to visibility and lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of determining the appropriate light levels for visual tasks is a cost-benefit problem. Existing light level recommendations seriously underweight the importance of economic factors. Furthermore, the relative importance of the visibility factors in determining the optimal light levels appears inconsistent with the importance of these factors in determining visibility and visual performance. It is shown that calculations based on acuities give a lower limit of 100 to 200 lux for cost-effective light levels for office tasks. Upper limits are calculated from correlations of task performance to visibility levels. Visibility levels become progressively insensitive to luminance as luminance increases. Average power densities above 100 watts/m/sup 2/ are cost-effective only when visibility is very low. However, there is a 3-to-10 times larger increase in benefits from improving contrast or contrast sensitivity than from using more than 10 watts/m/sup 2/. Contrast or contrast sensitivity can be improved by using forms with larger print, using xerographic copy instead of carbon or mimeo, making sure office workers have the right eyeglasses, or even by transferring workers with visual problems to less visually demanding tasks. Once these changes are made it is no longer cost-effective to use more than 10 watts/m/sup 2/. This conclusion raises serious questions about recommendations that lead to greater than about 10 watts/m/sup 2/ of installed lighting for general office work.

Clear, R.; Berman, S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Pion electromagnetic form factor in the Covariant Spectator Theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pion electromagnetic form factor at spacelike momentum transfer is calculated in relativistic impulse approximation using the Covariant Spectator Theory. The same dressed quark mass function and the equation for the pion bound-state vertex function as discussed in the companion paper are used for the calculation, together with a dressed quark current that satisfies the Ward-Takahashi identity. The results obtained for the pion form factor are in agreement with experimental data, they exhibit the typical monopole behavior at high momentum transfer and they satisfy some remarkable scaling relations.

Biernat, Elmar P. [CFTP, Institute Superior Tecnico, Lisboa (Portugal); Gross, Franz L. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Pena, Teresa [CFTP, Institute Superior Tecnico, Lisboa (Portugal); Stadler, Alfred [University of Evora, Lisboa (Portugal)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Factors Impacting Decommissioning Costs - 13576  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) studied United States experience with decommissioning cost estimates and the factors that impact the actual cost of decommissioning projects. This study gathered available estimated and actual decommissioning costs from eight nuclear power plants in the United States to understand the major components of decommissioning costs. Major costs categories for decommissioning a nuclear power plant are removal costs, radioactive waste costs, staffing costs, and other costs. The technical factors that impact the costs were analyzed based on the plants' decommissioning experiences. Detailed cost breakdowns by major projects and other cost categories from actual power plant decommissioning experiences will be presented. Such information will be useful in planning future decommissioning and designing new plants. (authors)

Kim, Karen; McGrath, Richard [Electric Power Research Institute, 3420 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, California (United States)] [Electric Power Research Institute, 3420 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, California (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Connection between closeness of classical orbits and the factorization of radial Schrödinger equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It was shown that the Runge-Lenz vector for a hydrogen atom is equivalent to the raising and lowering operators derived from the factorization of radial Schr\\"{o}dinger equation. Similar situation exists for an isotropic harmonic oscillator. It seems that there may exist intimate relation between the closeness of classical orbits and the factorization of radial Schr\\"{o}dinger equation. Some discussion was made about the factorization of a 1D Schr\\"{o}dinger equation.

Yu-feng Liu; Wu-jun Huo; Jinyan Zeng

1999-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

112

Recruitment Experiences and Decision Factors of High School Science Teachers in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

student enrollment profile (MSEP) and size of school. The second study explores reasons for teachers' decisions to accept their positions. New-to-school teachers indicated 12 categories of reasons. Subjective factors relating to non-pecuniary aspects...

Richardson, Rasheedah 1978-

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

113

On-line method of determining utilization factor in Hg-196 photochemical separation process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to a method for determining the utilization factor [U] in a photochemical mercury enrichment process (.sup.196 Hg) by measuring relative .sup.196 Hg densities using absorption spectroscopy.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Moskowitz, Philip E. (Peabody, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Motivational factors related to beach usage at Galveston Island State Park, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Galveston Island State Park like other Texas state parks is dedicated to preserving unique natural environments and providing public outdoor recreation opportunities. Although public beach facilities are available within the Galveston city limits..., 1976. The park's location has helped to contribute to the recreation opportunities of Galveston Island and to protect a natural environment which may have otherwise been destroyed by the encroachment of beach homes or commercial developments. Today...

Schwartz, Martin Philip

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

115

Survey on Cooling Costs and Related Factors for Apartments in an Urban Area of Osaka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. (1978), Hong (1993), Sawachi et al. (1994), and Suzuki et al. (1995). Ojima et al. surveyed the actual situations of energy use for electricity, gas, and kerosene in nine cities for both detached houses and apartments and for both rented and owned... members, the income, and the cooling and heating systems affected the energy use. Enai et al. presented a method to estimate kerosene consumption according to the degree-days. Sawachi et al. introduced estimation formulae of energy use based...

Umemiya, N.; Lin, X.; Inoue, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity-related environmental factors...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Restoration Technologies ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 30 Environment Pollution and Human Health Theme Action Plan 2008 Theme Leader: Roy M. Harrison Summary:...

117

Food Group Consumption in a Sample of Children in Houston Area and Its Related Influencing Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

who did not eat breakfast. Children/adolescents who ate more fruit and fruit juices had consumed significantly more breads and cereals, dairy products, vegetables, snacks and desserts, but consumed fewer sweetened beverages than those who did not eat...

Peng, Lu

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

118

Brush types of the Nueces River watershed as related to soil, climatic and geological factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Acacia tortuosa; guayacan, Porlieria angusti- folia; and leatherstem, Jatropha spathulata. These species were generally found in the common mixture of the remaining vegetational types of the 22 mesquite complex. In specific areas, species which...

Huss, Donald Lee

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Study of factors related to childhood leukemia and to central nervous system tumors in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PMID: 3278171. Kinlen LJ, Stiller C. Population mixing and639-49. Kinlen, L.J. and C. Stiller, Population mixing and22. PubMed PMID: 16879503. Stiller CA, Parkin DM. Geographic

Oksuzyan, Sona

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Assessment of the impact of the scanner-related factors on brain morphometry analysis with Brainvisa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T Group Between-visit Between-centre Between-visit Between-centre GM volume 0.92 0.36 0.29 0.25 WM volume 0.95 0.67 0.13 0.15 CSF volume 0.90 0.50 0.55 0.34 Cerebral hemisphere volume 0.99 0.97 0.96 0.88 GSI 0.75 0.13 0.62 0.43 The results are given...

Shokouhi, Mahsa; Barnes, Anna; Suckling, John; Moorhead, Thomas WJ; Brennan, David; Job, Dominic; Lymer, Katherine; Dazzan, Paola; Reis Marques, Tiago; MacKay, Clare; McKie, Shane; Williams, Steven CR; Lawrie, Stephen M; Deakin, Bill; Williams, Steve R; Condon, Barrie

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Complex domain interactions regulate stability and activity of closely related proneural transcription factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in [14]). Ubiquitylation can be repeated 77to build up a chain of at least 4 Ub moieties that then targets the 78substrate to the 26S proteasome [15]. Using energy from ATP Abbreviations: bHLH, basic Helix-Loop-Helix; Ngn2, Neurogenin 2; UPS, Ubiquitin... .8. Multiple comparison testing Multiple comparison tests were carried out on the log2-trans- formed ratios of protein half-lives compared to wild type. Analysis was carried out with MATLAB#3; by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by a multiple...

McDowell, Gary S.; Hardwick, Laura J.A.; Philpott, Anna

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

122

Genetic Diversity of White Tigers and Genetic Factors Related to Coat Color  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be indicative of the amount of inbreeding present and overall levels of genetic diversity. A panel of twelve microsatellites was used to analyze heterozygosity, thus inferring the levels of genetic diversity present. Among the tigers sampled, estimated...

Carney, Sara Elizabeth

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

123

Study of factors related to childhood leukemia and to central nervous system tumors in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ethnicity" in California birth certificate data. Health Servon California birth certificates. Am J Public Health, 1998.in California birth certificate data. Health services

Oksuzyan, Sona

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia Blue Ridge AndREII JumpInformation to Secure Energy

125

BIOINFORMATICS Vol. 00 no. 00 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

correspondence should be addressed termed small-scale methods). The related experiments are painfully time-consuming in general (months for detecting just one PPI). In recent years, large-scale biological PPI experiments have) and complex purification detection techniques using mass spectrometry (Gavin et al., 2002, 2006; Ho et al

Tomkins, Andrew

126

Constraints on relativity violations from gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tiny violations of the Lorentz symmetry of relativity and the associated discrete CPT symmetry could emerge in a consistent theory of quantum gravity such as string theory. Recent evidence for linear polarization in gamma-ray bursts improves existing sensitivities to Lorentz and CPT violation involving photons by factors ranging from ten to a million.

Alan Kostelecky; Matthew Mewes

2013-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

127

1. Introduction: current issues in hair loss-related disorders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Introduction: current issues in hair loss-related disorders 2. Basic biology of hair follicles 3. Physiological regeneration: modulating the regeneration of existing hair follicles by the extra-hair follicle environment and systemic hormone factors 4. Regeneration of hair fibers from existing follicles after hair

Chuong, Cheng-Ming

128

Fish condition in introduced tilapias of Ugandan crater lakes in relation to deforestation and fishing pressure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fish condition in introduced tilapias of Ugandan crater lakes in relation to deforestation by differences in fishing pressure and catchment deforestation; and we related relative condition factor to gradients of environmental variation across lakes. Lakes charac- terized by severe catchment deforestation

Chapman, Lauren J.

129

Factorization and resummation for collinear poles in QCD amplitudes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the origin of subleading soft and collinear poles of form factors and amplitudes in dimensionally-regulated massless gauge theories. In the case of form factors of fundamental fields, these poles originate from a single function of the coupling, denoted G({alpha}{sub s}), depending on both the spin and gauge quantum numbers of the field. We relate G({alpha}{sub s}) to gauge-theory matrix elements involving the gluon field strength. We then show that G({alpha}{sub s}) is the sum of three terms: a universal eikonal anomalous dimension, a universal non-eikonal contribution, given by the coefficient B{sub {delta}}({alpha}{sub s}) of {delta}(1-z) in the collinear evolution kernel, and a process-dependent short-distance coefficient function, which does not contribute to infrared poles. Using general results on the factorization of soft and collinear singularities in fixed-angle massless gauge theory amplitudes, we conclude that all such singularities are captured by the eikonal approximation, supplemented only by the knowledge of B{sub {delta}}({alpha}{sub s}). We explore the consequences of our results for conformal gauge theories, where in particular we find a simple exact relation between the form factor and the cusp anomalous dimension.

Dixon, Lance J.; Magnea, Lorenzo; Sterman, George

2008-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

130

Amplitudes for High Energy Factorization via BCFW recursion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, an extension of the BCFW on-shell recursion relation suitable to compute gauge invariant scattering amplitudes with off-shell particles has been presented for Yang-Mills theories with fermions. In particular, 4- and 5-point amplitudes have been completely worked out. The results are needed for the study of multi-parton scattering at hadron colliders in the framework of High Energy Factorization (HEF).

Serino, Mirko

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Power factor and harmonic distortion characteristics of energy efficient lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the performance of a new class of lamps which are generally classified as the energy-saving lamps. It is shown that, when compared with the incandescent lamps, these lamps indeed consume less real power and have higher relative illumination. However, the energy-saving lamps operate at a low power factor and produce current distortion which are much higher than the distortion produced by the traditional incandescent lamps.

Etezadi-Amoli, M.; Florence, T.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Dissecting Soft Radiation with Factorization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An essential part of high-energy hadronic collisions is the soft hadronic activity that underlies the primary hard interaction. It includes soft radiation from the primary hard partons, secondary multiple parton interactions (MPI), and factorization-violating effects. The invariant mass spectrum of the leading jet in $Z$+jet and $H$+jet events is directly sensitive to these effects, and we use a QCD factorization theorem to predict its dependence on the jet radius $R$, jet $p_T$, jet rapidity, and partonic process for both the perturbative and nonperturbative components of primary soft radiation. We prove that the nonperturbative contributions involve only odd powers of $R$, and the linear $R$ term is universal for quark and gluon jets. The hadronization model in PYTHIA8 agrees well with these properties. The perturbative soft initial state radiation (ISR) has a contribution that depends on the jet area in the same way as the underlying event, but this degeneracy is broken by dependence on the jet $p_T$. The size of this soft ISR contribution is proportional to the color state of the initial partons, yielding the same positive contribution for $gg\\to Hg$ and $gq\\to Zq$, but a negative interference contribution for $q\\bar q\\to Z g$. Hence, measuring these dependencies allows one to separate hadronization, soft ISR, and MPI contributions in the data.

Iain W. Stewart; Frank J. Tackmann; Wouter J. Waalewijn

2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

133

VARIATION WITH EQUILIBRIUM CONDITION OF THE CALIBRATION FACTORS FOR CONTINUOUS RADON PROGENY MONITORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The calibration factor for a continuous monitor that uses gross alpha-particle counting for measuring radon progeny concentration theoretically should vary as a function of the relative concentrations of the radon progeny; therefore, an inherent error is introduced by using a constant calibration factor, regardless of the equilibrium condition, as is the practice for most models of radon progeny monitor. An equation was derived describing the calibration factor as a function of the concentrations of the radon progeny and was used to calculate values of the calibration factor over the entire theoretical range of relative concentrations of radon progeny that comprise a constant collective radon progeny concentration. The results of these calculations showed that the calibration factor varies by approximately 10 % over the entire theoretical range of relative concentrations of radon progeny. The range of relative concentrations that typically exist in indoor air is a small subset of the entire range that is theoretically possible; therefore, the calibration factor varies, in practice, due to this effect by less than 10 % and the inherent error introduced by the detection and analysis method is not serious. Loss of radon progeny, particularly 218~0, due to plateout on surfaces of the monitor before the progeny are collected on the filter has the effect of lowering the value of the calibration factor. This effect can be significant at conditions of low equilibrium when the fraction of radon progeny that are unattached to aerosols in the air is increased and plateout is more likely to occur.

Phillip H. Jenkins

134

Industrial Equipment Demand and Duty Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand and duty factors have been measured for selected equipment (air compressors, electric furnaces, injection molding machines, centrifugal loads, and others) in industrial plants. Demand factors for heavily loaded air compressors were near 100...

Dooley, E. S.; Heffington, W. M.

135

Guidelines for Power Factor Improvement Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power factor is an indication of electrical system efficiency. Low power factor, or low system efficiency, may be due to one or more causes, including lightly loaded transformers, oversized electric motors, and harmonic-generating non-linear loads...

Massey, G. W.

136

Cone Penetrometer N Factor Determination Testing Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains the results of testing activities to determine the empirical 'N Factor' for the cone penetrometer in kaolin clay simulant. The N Factor is used to releate resistance measurements taken with the cone penetrometer to shear strength.

Follett, Jordan R.

2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

137

Crop Management Factors: What is Important?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Various management factors, including specific practices and the persistence of those practices over time, can greatly influence farm profitability. Some of those factors are managing for high yield or low production cost, as well as adoption...

Kastens, Terry L.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Nivens, Heather; Klinefelter, Danny A.

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

138

Similarity relations and BK-relational products 1 RADIM BELOHLAVEK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of complex systems has been discussed by Bandler and Kohout in a series of papers. We show that BK- products and y are related by R and y and z are related by S. As discussed by Bandler and Kohout (see e.g. [1, 2

Belohlavek, Radim

139

Sustainable energy in Australia: an analysis of performance and drivers relative to other OECD countries .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??How sustainable is Australia???s pattern of energy supply and use? What are the major factors explaining Australia???s sustainable energy performance relative to other countries? This… (more)

Kinrade, P. A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Review of critical factors affecting crude corrosivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lower quality opportunity crudes are now processed in most refineries and the source of the crudes may vary daily. These feedstocks, if not properly handled, can result in reduction in service life of equipment as well as costly failure and downtime. Analytical tools are needed to predict their high temperature corrosivity toward distillation units. Threshold in total sulfur and total acid number (TAN) have been used for many years as rules of thumb for predicting crude corrosivity, However, it is now realized that they are not accurate in their predictive ability. Crudes with similar composition and comparable with respect to process considerations have been found to be entirely different in their impact on corrosion. Naphthenic acid content, sulfur content, velocity, temperature, and materials of construction are the main factors affecting the corrosion process, Despite progress made in elucidating the role of the different parameters on the crude corrosivity process, the main problem is in calculating their combined effect, especially when the corroding stream is such a complex mixture. The TAN is usually related directly to naphthenic acid content. However, discrepancies between analytical methods and interference of numerous components of the crude itself lead to unreliable reported content of naphthenic acid. The sulfur compounds, with respect to corrosivity, appear to relate more to their decomposition at elevated temperature to form hydrogen sulfide than to their total content in crude. This paper reviews the present situation regarding crude corrosivity in distillation units, with the aim of indicating the extent of available information, and areas where further research is necessary.

Tebbal, S.; Kane, R.D. [CLI International, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Prime Factorization in the Duality Computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give algorithms to factorize large integers in the duality computer. We provide three duality algorithms for factorization based on a naive factorization method, the Shor algorithm in quantum computing, and the Fermat's method in classical computing. All these algorithms are polynomial in the input size.

Wan-Ying Wang; Bin Shang; Chuan Wang; Gui Lu Long

2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

142

Infrared Scales and Factorization in QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective field theory methods are used to study factorization of the deep inelastic scattering cross-section. The cross-section is shown to factor in QCD, even though it does not factor in perturbation theory for some choices of the infrared regulator. Messenger modes are not required in soft-collinear effective theory for deep inelastic scattering as x -> 1.

Aneesh V. Manohar

2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

143

GUIDED ANGLER FISH ANNUAL CONVERSION FACTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GUIDED ANGLER FISH ANNUAL CONVERSION FACTORS FOR THE 2014 FISHING YEAR NOAA FISHERIES, ALASKA via the GAF electronic reporting system. If no GAF were harvested in a year, the conversion factor is the first calendar year that GAF regulations will be in effect. Therefore, the conversion factors are based

144

Factors affecting water quality in Cherokee Reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose was to: (1) define reservoir problems related to water quality conditions; (2) identify the probable causes of these problems; and (3) recommend procedures for achieving needed reservoir water quality improvements. This report presents the project findings to date and suggests steps for upgrading the quality of Cherokee Reservoir. Section II presents background information on the characteristics of the basin, the reservoir, and the beneficial uses of the reservoir. Section III identifies the impacts of existing reservoir water quality on uses of the reservoir for water supply, fishery resources, recreation, and waste assimilation. Section IV presents an assessment of cause-effect relationships. The factors affecting water quality addressed in Section IV are: (1) reservoir thermal stratification and hydrodynamics; (2) dissolved oxygen depletion; (3) eutrophication; (4) toxic substances; and (5) reservoir fisheries. Section V presents a preliminary evaluation of alternatives for improving the quality of Cherokee Reservoir. Section VI presents preliminary conclusions and recommendations for developing and implementing a reservoir water quality management plan. 7 references, 22 figures, 21 tables.

Iwanski, M.L.; Higgins, J.M.; Kim, B.R.; Young, R.C.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Chemical factors that control lignin polymerization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a complex, branched polymer that reinforces plant tissue. Understanding the factors that govern lignin structure is of central importance to the development of technologies for converting lignocellulosic biomass into fuels because lignin imparts resistance to chemical, enzymatic and mechanical deconstruction. Lignin is formed by enzymatic oxidation of phenolic monomers (monolignols) of three main types, guaiacyl (G), syringyl (S) and p- hydroxyphenyl (H). It is known that increasing the relative abundance of H subunits results in lower molecular-weight lignin polymers, and hence more easily deconstructed biomass, but it is not known why. Here, we report an analysis of frontier molecular orbitals in mono-, di- and trilignols, calculated using density functional theory, which points to a requirement of strong p- electron density on the reacting phenolic oxygen atom of the neutral precursor for enzymatic oxidation to occur. This model is consistent with a proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) mechanism and for the first time explains why H subunits in certain linkages ( - or -5) react poorly and tend to cap the polymer. In general, -5 linkages with either a G or H terminus are predicted to inhibit elongation. More broadly, the model correctly accounts for the reactivity of the phenolic groups in a diverse set of dilignols comprising H and G subunits. Thus, we provide a coherent framework for understanding the propensity toward growth or termination of different terminal subunits in lignin.

Sangha, Amandeep K [ORNL] [ORNL; Davison, Brian H [ORNL] [ORNL; Standaert, Robert F [ORNL] [ORNL; Davis, Dr. Mark F. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)] [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL] [ORNL; Parks, Jerry M [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RELATED PROCESSES, I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RELATED PROCESSES, I #12;#12;^ PHOTOSYNTHESIS. iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii liiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiminii Chemistry of Photosynthesis, , Chemosynthesis and Related j Processes States of America by the Lancaster Press, Lancaster, Pa. I #12;PREFACE Photosynthesis is by far the most

Govindjee

147

Relative Permeability of Fractured Rock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and by the Department of Petroleum Engineering, Stanford University Stanford Geothermal Program Interdisciplinary Research in Engineering and Earth Sciences STANFORD UNIVERSITY Stanford, California #12;#12;v Abstract fractures and various fluids have yielded different relative permeability-saturation relations. This study

Stanford University

148

Numerical Relativity at the Frontier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical relativity is an essential tool for solving Einstein's equations of general relativity for dynamical systems characterized by high velocities and strong gravitational fields. The implementation of new algorithms that can solve these nonlinear equations in 3+1 dimensions has enabled us to tackle many long-standing problems of astrophysical interest, leading to an explosion of important new results. Numerical relativity has been used to simulate the evolution of a diverse array of physical systems, including coalescing black hole and neutron star binaries, rotating and collapsing compact objects (stars, collisionless clusters, and scalar fields), and magnetic and viscous stars, to name a few. Numerical relativity has been exploited to address fundamental points of principle, including critical phenomena and cosmic censorship. It holds great promise as a guide for interpreting observations of gravitational waves and gamma-ray bursts and identifying the sources of such radiation. Highlights of a few recent developments in numerical relativity are sketched in this brief overview.

Stuart L. Shapiro

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

149

Factor Analysis for Skewed Data and Skew-Normal Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2.7.1 The Factor Analysis Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 v 2.8 Model Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2.8.1 The Akaike Information Criterion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2.8.2 The Bayesian... Information Criterion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2.9 Factor Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2.10 Non-uniqueness of Factor Loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 2.10.1 The Rotation of Factor Loadings...

Gaucher, Beverly Jane

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

150

Geometric Analysis and General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article discusses methods of geometric analysis in general relativity, with special focus on the role of "critical surfaces" such as minimal surfaces, marginal surface, maximal surfaces and null surfaces.

Lars Andersson

2005-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

151

Geometrical optics in general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General relativity includes geometrical optics. This basic fact has relevant consequences that concern the physical meaning of the discontinuity surfaces propagated in the gravitational field - as it was first emphasized by Levi-Civita.

A. Loinger

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

152

International Relations and Development Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Anthropology and Languages (choice of French, Arabic, German, Italian or Spanish) The International Relations Economy, Languages (French, Spanish, Arabic, German, Italian), International Trade, Middle East Politics experience a broad range of opportunities outside the classroom: - Explore exchange opportunities with dozens

153

The Baryonic Tully Fisher Relation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We validate the baryonic Tully Fisher (BTF) relation by exploring the Tully Fish er (TF) and BTF properties of optically and HI-selected disk galaxies. The data includes galaxies from: Sakai et al. (2000) calibrator sample; McGaugh et al. (2000: MC2000) I-band sample; and 18 newly acquired HI-selected field dwarf galaxies observed with the ANU 2.3m telescope and the ATNF Parkes telescope from Gurovich's thesis sample (2005). As in MC2000, we re-cast the TF and BTF relations as relationships between baryo n mass and W_{20}. First we report some numerical errors in MC2000. Then, we c alculate weighted bi-variate linear fits to the data, and finally we compare the fits of the intrinsically fainter dwarfs with the brighter galaxies of Sakai et al. (2000). With regards to the local calibrator disk galaxies of Sakai et al. (2000), our results suggest that the BTF relation is indeed tighter than the T F relation and that the slopes of the BTF relations are statistically flatter th an the equivalent TF relations. Further, for the fainter galaxies which include the I-band MCG2000 and HI-selected galaxies of Gurovich's thesis sample, we calc ulate a break from a simple power law model because of what appears to be real c osmic scatter. Not withstanding this point, the BTF models are marginally better models than the equivalent TF ones with slightly smaller reduced chi^2.

Sebastian Gurovich; Stacy S. McGaugh; Ken C. Freeman; Helmut Jerjen; Lister Staveley-Smith; W. J. G. De Blok

2004-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

154

BONE LOSS IN RELATION TO HYPOTHALAMIC ATROPHY IN ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

considerable burden on the health system, patients, and caregivers. 1.2 Alzheimer’s Disease and Bone Loss Bone health is an important issue in aging and AD. Osteoporosis–related fractures are among the major health and socioeconomic concerns in aging... of bone fractures, and a determining factor in clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis (Ammann and Rizzoli 2003). Several studies in women suggest that low BMD is associated with poorer cognitive function and subsequent cognitive decline (Yaffe, Browner et al...

Loskutova, Natalia Y.

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

155

Synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having at least one peptide chain that binds a heparin-binding growth factor receptor, covalently bound to a hydrophobic linker, which is in turn covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Pena, Louis A.; Zamora, Paul; Lin, Xinhua; Glass, John D.

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

156

Nucleon Form Factor Measurements and Interpretation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The data base for the form factors of the nucleon obtained from elastic ep scattering is discussed, as well as some recent developments in their calculation.

Charles F. Perdrisat

2007-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

157

Optimization Online - Building a completely positive factorization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 21, 2009 ... Abstract: Using a bordering approach, and building upon an already known factorization of a principal block, we establish sufficient conditions ...

Immanuel Bomze

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

158

Human factors methods in DOE nuclear facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is in the process of developing a series of guidelines for the use of human factors standards, procedures, and methods to be used in nuclear facilities. This paper discusses the philosophy and process being used to develop a DOE human factors methods handbook to be used during the design cycle. The following sections will discuss: (1) basic justification for the project; (2) human factors design objectives and goals; and (3) role of human factors engineering (HFE) in the design cycle.

Bennett, C.T.; Banks, W.W. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Waters, R.J. (Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Nominal Performance Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report was to document the process leading to development of the Biosphere Dose Conversion Factors (BDCFs) for the postclosure nominal performance of the potential repository at Yucca Mountain. BDCF calculations concerned twenty-four radionuclides. This selection included sixteen radionuclides that may be significant nominal performance dose contributors during the compliance period of up to 10,000 years, five additional radionuclides of importance for up to 1 million years postclosure, and three relatively short-lived radionuclides important for the human intrusion scenario. Consideration of radionuclide buildup in soil caused by previous irrigation with contaminated groundwater was taken into account in the BDCF development. The effect of climate evolution, from the current arid conditions to a wetter and cooler climate, on the BDCF values was evaluated. The analysis included consideration of different exposure pathway's contribution to the BDCFs. Calculations of nominal performance BDCFs used the GENII-S computer code in a series of probabilistic realizations to propagate the uncertainties of input parameters into the output. BDCFs for the nominal performance, when combined with the concentrations of radionuclides in groundwater allow calculation of potential radiation doses to the receptor of interest. Calculated estimates of radionuclide concentration in groundwater result from the saturated zone modeling. The integration of the biosphere modeling results (BDCFs) with the outcomes of the other component models is accomplished in the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) to calculate doses to the receptor of interest from radionuclides postulated to be released to the environment from the potential repository at Yucca Mountain.

Wasiolek, Maryla A.

2000-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

160

Malaria in Africa: Vector Species' Niche Models and Relative Risk Maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variable anthrophilicity of vectors and spatial variation in human population density. Relative risk maps are produced from these models. All models predict that human population density is the critical factorMalaria in Africa: Vector Species' Niche Models and Relative Risk Maps Alexander Moffett, Nancy

Sarkar, Sahotra

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

ORIGINAL ARTICLE A theoretical analysis of the relative influences of peak BMD,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

loss and menopause on the development of osteoporosis C.J. Hernandez Æ G.S. Beaupre´ Æ D.R. Carter Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2003 Abstract Factors that determine a post-menopausal the relative influences of peak BMD, menopause and age- related bone loss on the development of osteoporosis

Stanford University

162

Human factors review for Severe Accident Sequence Analysis (SASA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper will discuss work being conducted during this human factors review including: (1) support of the Severe Accident Sequence Analysis (SASA) Program based on an assessment of operator actions, and (2) development of a descriptive model of operator severe accident management. Research by SASA analysts on the Browns Ferry Unit One (BF1) anticipated transient without scram (ATWS) was supported through a concurrent assessment of operator performance to demonstrate contributions to SASA analyses from human factors data and methods. A descriptive model was developed called the Function Oriented Accident Management (FOAM) model, which serves as a structure for bridging human factors, operations, and engineering expertise and which is useful for identifying needs/deficiencies in the area of accident management. The assessment of human factors issues related to ATWS required extensive coordination with SASA analysts. The analysis was consolidated primarily to six operator actions identified in the Emergency Procedure Guidelines (EPGs) as being the most critical to the accident sequence. These actions were assessed through simulator exercises, qualitative reviews, and quantitative human reliability analyses. The FOAM descriptive model assumes as a starting point that multiple operator/system failures exceed the scope of procedures and necessitates a knowledge-based emergency response by the operators. The FOAM model provides a functionally-oriented structure for assembling human factors, operations, and engineering data and expertise into operator guidance for unconventional emergency responses to mitigate severe accident progression and avoid/minimize core degradation. Operators must also respond to potential radiological release beyond plant protective barriers. Research needs in accident management and potential uses of the FOAM model are described. 11 references, 1 figure.

Krois, P.A.; Haas, P.M.; Manning, J.J.; Bovell, C.R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Relative Permeability of Fractured Rock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contemporary understanding of multiphase flow through fractures is limited. Different studies using synthetic fractures and various fluids have yielded different relative permeability-saturation relations. This study aimed to extend the understanding of multiphase flow by conducting nitrogen-water relative permeability experiments on a naturally-fractured rock from The Geysers geothermal field. The steady-state approach was used. However, steady state was achieved only at the endpoint saturations. Several difficulties were encountered that are attributed to phase interference and changes in fracture aperture and surface roughness, along with fracture propagation/initiation. Absolute permeabilities were determined using nitrogen and water. The permeability values obtained change with the number of load cycles. Determining the absolute permeability of a core is especially important in a fractured rock. The rock may change as asperities are destroyed and fractures propagate or st rain harden as the net stresses vary. Pressure spikes occurred in water a solute permeability experiments. Conceptual models of an elastic fracture network can explain the pressure spike behavior. At the endpoint saturations the water relative permeabilities obtained are much less than the nitrogen gas relative permeabilities. Saturations were determined by weighing and by resistivity calculations. The resistivity-saturation relationship developed for the core gave saturation values that differ by 5% from the value determined by weighing. Further work is required to complete the relative permeability curve. The steady-state experimental approach encountered difficulties due to phase interference and fracture change. Steady state may not be reached until an impractical length of time. Thus, unsteady-state methods should be pursued. In unsteady-state experiments the challenge will be in quantifying rock fracture change in addition to fluid flow changes.

Mark D. Habana

2002-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

164

Harmonic mean, the Gamma factor and Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relationship between the harmonic mean and special relativity is concisely elucidated. The arguments in favor and against SRT are explored. It is shown that the ratio of the speed of light to the harmonic mean of the onward and return speeds of light in a moving frame under Newtonian mechanics, when equitably distributed between space and time as a correction, leads to the Lorentz transformation. This correction implies an apparent contraction of objects and time dilation. However, the symmetry of the onward and inverse transformations give a different meaning to the gamma factor

Chandru Iyer

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

165

ANALYSIS ON THE MAJOR INFLUENCE FACTORS OF ENERGY INTENSITY CHANGING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the energy intensity data of period 1990-2008, this paper uses impulse response function and variance decomposition model to empirical analysis the main influencing factors and effects of energy intensity,. The empirical results show that: the energy intensity of itself, and the proportion of secondary industry have a larger impact on energy intensity; the change of energy price and technological progress also play a certain impact on energy intensity; and the link with the internal relations and interaction mechanisms, which can play an active role in improving energy efficiency.

Xia Wang; Lu Tang

166

Reciprocal Relations Between Kinetic Curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study coupled irreversible processes. For linear or linearized kinetics with microreversibility, $\\dot{x}=Kx$, the kinetic operator $K$ is symmetric in the entropic inner product. This form of Onsager's reciprocal relations implies that the shift in time, $\\exp (Kt)$, is also a symmetric operator. This generates reciprocity relations between kinetic curves. For example, for the Master equation, if we start the process from the $i$th pure state and measure the probability $p_j(t)$ of the $j$th state ($j\

Yablonsky, G S; Constales, D; Galvita, V; Marin, G B

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Cloud Controlling Factors --Low Clouds BJORN STEVENS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud Controlling Factors -- Low Clouds BJORN STEVENS, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic) clouds is reviewed, with an emphasis on factors that may be expected to change in a changing climate of low-cloud control- ling processes are offered: these include renewing our focus on theory, model

Stevens, Bjorn

168

Recurrence-shift relations for the polynomial functions of Aldaya, Bisquert, and Navarro-Salas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a simple factorization scheme we obtain the recurrence-shift relations of the polynomial functions of Aldaya, Bisquert and Navarro-Salas (ABNS), F_n^N(\\frac\\omega c\\sqrtN x), i.e., one-step first-order differential relations referring to N, as follows. Firstly, we apply the scheme to the polynomial degree confirming the recurrence relations of Aldaya, Bisquert and Navarro-Salas, but also obtaining another slightly modified pair. Secondly, the factorization scheme is applied to the Gegenbauer polynomials to get the recurrence relations with respect to their parameter. Next, we make use of Nagel's result, showing the connection between Gegenbauer polynomials and the ABNS functions, to write down the recurrence-shift relations for the latter ones. Such relations may be used in the study of the spatial structure of pair-creation processes in an Anti-de Sitter gravitational background

H. C. Rosu; M. A. Reyes; O. Obregón

1997-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

169

Microbial Protein-Protein Interactions (MiPPI) Data from the Genomics: GTL Center for Molecular and Cellular Systems (CMCS)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Genomic Science Center for Molecular and Cellular Systems (CMCS), established in 2002, seeks to identify and characterize the complete set of protein complexes within a cell to provide a mechanistic basis for the understanding of biochemical functions. The CMCS is anchored at ORNL and PNNL. CMCS initially focused on the identification and characterization of protein complexes in two microbial systems,Rhodopseudomonas palustris (R. palustris) and Shewanella oneidensis (S. oneidensis). These two organisms have also been the focus of major DOE Genomic Science/Microbial Cell Program (MCP) projects. To develop an approach for identifying the diverse types of complexes present in microbial organisms, CMCS incorporates a number of molecular biology, microbiology, analytical and computational tools in an integrated pipeline.

170

Summary of EPIC-2001 Rain Map Files EPIC Rainmap files were generated using all surveillance scans (3 tilt, full PPI)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information about the rain map cartesian grid and data values of radar reflectivity (dBZ) and rain rate (mm hrSummary of EPIC-2001 Rain Map Files EPIC Rainmap files were generated using all surveillance scans of the surveillance radar scan in UTC. The gif file (1) shows a 1-km height map (CAPPI) of rainfall intensity (mm hr-1

Rutledge, Steven

171

Exploratory factor analysis in behavior genetics research: Factor recovery with small sample sizes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results of a Monte Carlo study of exploratory factor analysis demonstrate that in studies characterized by low sample sizes the population factor structure can be adequately recovered if communalities are high, model error ...

Preacher, K. J.; MacCallum, R. C.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Radiation Related Terms Basic Terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation Related Terms Basic Terms Radiation Radiation is energy in transit in the form of high not carry enough energy to separate molecules or remove electrons from atoms. Ionizing radiation Ionizing radiation is radiation with enough energy so that during an interaction with an atom, it can remove tightly

Vallino, Joseph J.

173

General Relativity Today Thibault DAMOUR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relativity. For Newton's law of gravitation, this task was begun (before Einstein had even supplied his) the post-Newtonian limit and weak-field tests in the solar system, (ii) strong gravitational fields and black holes, (iii) strong-field and radiative tests in binary pulsar observations, (iv) gravitational

Damour, Thibault

174

RELATED LINKS Green Technology for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have been certified to the National Green Building Standard, which was approved earlier this year by the American National Standards Institute. Preferences for specific green building techniques are decidedlyRELATED LINKS Green Technology for 2009: See the Photos Green Building: Getting Past the Media Hype

175

Speed Limits in General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some standard results on the initial value problem of general relativity in matter are reviewed. These results are applied first to show that in a well defined sense, finite perturbations in the gravitational field travel no faster than light, and second to show that it is impossible to construct a warp drive as considered by Alcubierre (1994) in the absence of exotic matter.

Robert J Low

1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

176

Mercury-Related Materials Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Pawel, "Assessment of Cavitation-Erosion Resistance of Potential Pump Impeller Materials for Mercury of Cavitation Resistant Modifications to Type 316LN Stainless Steel in a Mercury Thermal Convection Loop," OakMercury-Related Materials Studies Van Graves IDS NF Ph M tiIDS-NF Phone Meeting Jan 26, 2010

McDonald, Kirk

177

Mercury-Related Materials Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury-Related Materials Studies Van Graves IDS NF Ph M tiIDS-NF Phone Meeting Jan 26, 2010 #12 Evaluation of Cavitation Resistance of Type 316LN Stainless Steel in Mercury Using a Vibratory Horn," J. Nucl Pump Impeller Materials for Mercury Service at the Spallation Neutron Source," Oak Ridge National

McDonald, Kirk

178

Melissa Luna Manager, Employer Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

worked in both higher education and the private sector as a recruiter. It was her responsibility candidates. To enhance her career counseling background, Melissa spent several years as assistant director in employer relations and academic advising, strengthening her ties to industry which has enabled her

179

Technology diffusion of energy-related products in residential markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acceptance of energy-related technologies by end residential consumers, manufacturers of energy-related products, and other influential intermediate markets such as builders will influence the potential for market penetration of innovative energy-related technologies developed by the Department of Energy, Office of Building and Community Systems (OBCS). In this report, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed the available information on technology adoption, diffusion, and decision-making processes to provide OBCS with a background and understanding of the type of research that has previously been conducted on this topic. Insight was gained as to the potential decision-making criteria and motivating factors that influence the decision-maker(s) selection of new technologies, and some of the barriers to technology adoption faced by potential markets for OBCS technologies.

Davis, L.J.; Bruneau, C.L.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Agriculture-related radiation dose calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Estimates of radiation dose to the public must be made at each stage in the identification and qualification process leading to siting a high-level nuclear waste repository. Specifically considering the ingestion pathway, this paper examines questions of reliability and adequacy of dose calculations in relation to five stages of data availability (geologic province, region, area, location, and mass balance) and three methods of calculation (population, population/food production, and food production driven). Calculations were done using the model PABLM with data for the Permian and Palo Duro Basins and the Deaf Smith County area. Extra effort expended in gathering agricultural data at succeeding environmental characterization levels does not appear justified, since dose estimates do not differ greatly; that effort would be better spent determining usage of food types that contribute most to the total dose; and that consumption rate and the air dispersion factor are critical to assessment of radiation dose via the ingestion pathway. 17 refs., 9 figs., 32 tabs.

Furr, J.M.; Mayberry, J.J.; Waite, D.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

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181

Influences on Mercury Bioaccumulation Factors for the Savannah River  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mercury TMDLs (Total Maximum Daily Loads) are a regulatory instrument designed to reduce the amount of mercury entering a water body and ultimately to control the bioaccumulation of mercury in fish. TMDLs are based on a BAF (bioaccumulation factor), which is the ratio of methyl mercury in fish to dissolved methyl mercury in water. Analysis of fish tissue and aqueous methyl mercury samples collected at a number of locations and over several seasons in a 118 km reach of the Savannah River demonstrated that species specific BAFs varied by factors of three to eight. Factors contributing to BAF variability were location, habitat and season related differences in fish muscle tissue mercury levels and seasonal differences in dissolved methyl mercury levels. Overall (all locations, habitats, and seasons) average BAFs were 3.7 x 106 for largemouth bass, 1.4 x 106 for sunfishes, and 2.5 x 106 for white catfish. Inaccurate and imprecise BAFs can result in unnecessary economic impact or insufficient protection of human health. Determination of representative and precise BAFs for mercury in fish from large rivers necessitates collecting large and approximately equal numbers of fish and aqueous methyl mercury samples over a seasonal cycle from the entire area and all habitats to be represented by the TMDL.

Paller, M.H.

2003-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

182

Relative Ages of Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ages of extragalactic globular clusters can provide valuable insights into the formation and evolution of galaxies. In this contribution the photometric methods of age dating old globular cluster systems are summarised. The spectroscopic approach is reviewed with an emphasis of the right choice of age diagnostics. We present a new method of quantifying the relatively best age-sensitive spectroscopic index given the quality of a data set and a certain theoretical stellar synthesis model. The relatively best diagnostic plot is constructed from the set of Lick indices and used to age date globular clusters in several early-type galaxies which are part of a large spectroscopic survey of extragalactic globular cluster systems. We find that, independently of host galaxy, metal-poor ([Fe/H] 8 Gyr) and coeval. Metal-rich clusters show a wide range of ages from ~15 down to a few Gyr.

Thomas H. Puzia

2002-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

183

Synthetic heparin-binding factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having at least one peptide chain, and preferably two peptide chains branched from a dipeptide branch moiety composed of two trifunctional amino acid residues, which peptide chain or chains bind a heparin-binding growth factor receptor and are covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain, preferably by a linker, which may be a hydrophobic linker. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as pharmaceutical agents, soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Glass, John D. (Shoreham, NY)

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

184

Term Structure Dynamics with Macroeconomic Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Macro Variables I present an a ne term structure model with latent factors and observable macroeco- nomic variables. I denote a state variable vector by Xt = (x1t; ;xkt;xk+1t;:::;xnt)0, where the rstk factors are unobservable and the remaining (n k...) factors are macroe- conomic variables. Suppose that Xt follows an Ito process (2.3) dXt = K[ Xt]dt+ p StdWt; where K is an n n matrix, is an n 1 vector. St is an n n diagonal matrix and the ith diagonal element is given as i + 0iXt, where i is a...

Park, Ha-Il

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

185

Phenomenology of the Deuteron Electromagnetic Form Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A rigorous extraction of the deuteron charge form factors from tensor polarization data in elastic electron-deuteron scattering, at given values of the 4-momentum transfer, is presented. Then the world data for elastic electron-deuteron scattering is used to parameterize, in three different ways, the three electromagnetic form factors of the deuteron in the 4-momentum transfer range 0-7 fm^-1. This procedure is made possible with the advent of recent polarization measurements. The parameterizations allow a phenomenological characterization of the deuteron electromagnetic structure. They can be used to remove ambiguities in the form factors extraction from future polarization data.

TheJLAB t20 collaboration; D. Abbott

2000-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

186

Related Links | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,Institutes and LaunchesRelated Financial Opportunities

187

Effect of Environmental Factors on Sulfur Gas Emissions from Drywall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Problem drywall installed in U.S. homes is suspected of being a source of odorous and potentially corrosive indoor pollutants. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC) investigation of problem drywall incorporates three parallel tracks: (1) evaluating the relationship between the drywall and reported health symptoms; (2) evaluating the relationship between the drywall and electrical and fire safety issues in affected homes; and (3) tracing the origin and the distribution of the drywall. To assess the potential impact on human health and to support testing for electrical and fire safety, the CPSC has initiated a series of laboratory tests that provide elemental characterization of drywall, characterization of chemical emissions, and in-home air sampling. The chemical emission testing was conducted at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The LBNL study consisted of two phases. In Phase 1 of this study, LBNL tested thirty drywall samples provided by CPSC and reported standard emission factors for volatile organic compounds (VOCs), aldehydes, reactive sulfur gases (RSGs) and volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs). The standard emission factors were determined using small (10.75 liter) dynamic test chambers housed in a constant temperature environmental chamber. The tests were all run at 25 C, 50% relative humidity (RH) and with an area-specific ventilation rate of {approx}1.5 cubic meters per square meter of emitting surface per hour [m{sup 3}/m{sup 2}/h]. The thirty samples that were tested in Phase 1 included seventeen that were manufactured in China in 2005, 2006 and 2009, and thirteen that were manufactured in North America in 2009. The measured emission factors for VOCs and aldehydes were generally low and did not differ significantly between the Chinese and North American drywall. Eight of the samples tested had elevated emissions of volatile sulfur-containing compounds with total RSG emission factors between 32 and 258 micrograms per square meter per hour [{micro}g/m{sup 2}/h]. The dominant sulfur containing compounds in the RSG emission stream were hydrogen sulfide with emission factors between 17-201 {micro}g/m{sup 2}/h, and sulfur dioxide with emission factors between 8-64 {micro}g/m{sup 2}/h. The four highest emitting samples also had a unique signature of VSC emissions including > 40 higher molecular weight sulfur-containing compounds although the emission rate for the VSCs was several orders of magnitude lower than that of the RSGs. All of the high emitting drywall samples were manufactured in China in 2005-2006. Results from Phase 1 provided baseline emission factors for drywall samples manufactured in China and in North America but the results exclude variations in environmental conditions that may exist in homes or other built structures, including various combinations of temperature, RH, ventilation rate and the influence of coatings such as texture and paints. The objective of Phase 2 was to quantify the effect of temperature and RH on the RSG emission factors for uncoated drywall, and to measure the effect of plaster and paint coatings on RSG emission factors from drywall. Additional experiments were also performed to assess the influence of ventilation rate on measured emission factors for drywall.

Maddalena, Randy

2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

188

Uncertainty relation in Schwarzschild spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the entropic uncertainty relation in the curved background outside a Schwarzschild black hole, and find that Hawking radiation introduces a nontrivial modification on the uncertainty bound for particular observer, therefore it could be witnessed by proper uncertainty game experimentally. We first investigate an uncertainty game between a free falling observer and his static partner holding a quantum memory initially entangled with the quantum system to be measured. Due to the information loss from Hawking decoherence, we find an inevitable increase of the uncertainty on the outcome of measurements in the view of static observer, which is dependent on the mass of the black hole, the distance of observer from event horizon, and the mode frequency of quantum memory. To illustrate the generality of this paradigm, we relate the entropic uncertainty bound with other uncertainty probe, e.g., time-energy uncertainty. In an alternative game between two static players, we show that quantum information of qubit can be transferred to quantum memory through a bath of fluctuating quantum fields outside the black hole. For a particular choice of initial state, we show that the Hawking decoherence cannot counteract entanglement generation after the dynamical evolution of system, which triggers an effectively reduced uncertainty bound that violates the intrinsic limit $-\\log_2c$. Numerically estimation for a proper choice of initial state shows that our result is comparable with possible real experiments. Finally, a discussion on the black hole firewall paradox in the context of entropic uncertainty relation is given.

Jun Feng; Yao-Zhong Zhang; Mark D. Gould; Heng Fan

2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

189

Factors favorable to public participation success  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Categories of factors linked to successful public participation (PP) program outcomes include PP process, organizational context, sociopolitical context, strategic considerations and unique (special circumstances) factors. We re-order the long list factors according to how essential, important, and unique they are and discuss their significance and interrelationships. It is argued that bureacratic structure and operational modes are basically in conflict with features of successful PP programs (openness, two-way education, communication with nonexpert outsiders). If this is so, then it is not surprising that the factors essential for PP success in bureacracies involve extraordinary management efforts by agencies to bypass, compensate for, or overcome structural constraints. We conclude by speculating about the long-term viability of PP practices in the agency setting as well as the consequences for agencies that attempt the problematic task of introducing PP into their complex, mission-oriented organizations.

Peelle, E.; Schweitzer, M.; Munro, J.; Carnes, S.; Wolfe, A.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Coal  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) has developed factors for estimating the amount of carbon dioxide emitted, accounting for differences among coals, to reflect the changing "mix" of coal in U.S. coal consumption.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Decision making process and factors routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research studies the decision-making process and the factors that affect truck routing. The data collection involved intercept interviews with truck drivers at three rest area and truck stops along major highways in ...

Sun, Yichen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Repairing Tom Swift's electric factor analysis machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proper use of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) requires the researcher to make a series of careful decisions. Despite attempts by Floyd and Widaman (1995), Fabrigar, Wegener, MacCallum, and Strahan (1999), and others to ...

Preacher, K. J.; MacCallum, R. C.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Pion form factor with chirally improved fermions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results for Monte Carlo calculations of the electromagnetic vector and scalar form factors of the pion in a quenched simulation. We work at a lattice spacing of 0.15 fm and use two lattice volumes up to a spatial size of 2.4 fm. The pion form factors in the space-like region are determined for pion masses down to 340 MeV.

Stefano Capitani; Christof Gattringer; C. B. Lang

2005-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

194

Accelerator experiments contradicting general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deflection of gamma-rays in Earth's gravitational field is tested in laser Compton scattering at high energy accelerators. Within a formalism connecting the bending angle to the photon's momentum it follows that detected gamma-ray spectra are inconsistent with a deflection magnitude of 2.78 nrad, predicted by Einstein's gravity theory. Moreover, preliminary results for 13-28 GeV photons from two different laboratories show opposite - away from the Earth - deflection, amounting to 33.8-0.8 prad. I conclude that general relativity, which describes gravity at low energies precisely, break down at high energies.

Vahagn Gharibyan

2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

195

Conformal relativity with hypercomplex variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Majorana's arbitrary spin theory is considered in a hyperbolic complex representation. The underlying differential equation is embedded into the gauge field theories of Sachs and Carmeli. In particular, the approach of Sachs can serve as a unified theory of general relativity and electroweak interactions. The method is extended to conformal space with the intention to introduce the strong interaction. It is then possible to use the wave equation, operating on representation functions of the conformal group, to describe the dynamics of matter fields. The resulting gauge groups resemble closely the gauge symmetries of Glashow-Salam-Weinberg and the Standard Model.

S. Ulrych

2014-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

196

Partners and related links | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratorySpeedingOptimizingToolstoPartnering MechanismsPartners and related

197

Periodic relativity: deflection of light, acceleration, rotation curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vectorial analysis relating to derivation of deflection of light is presented. Curvilinear acceleration is distinguished from the Newtonian polar conic acceleration. The difference between the two is due to the curvature term. Lorentz invariant expression for acceleration is derived. A physical theory of rotation curves of galaxies based on second solution to Einstein's field equation is presented. Theory is applied to Milky Way, M31, NGC3198 and Solar system. Modified Kepler's third law yields correct orbital periods of stars in a galaxy. Deviation factor in the line element of the theory happens to be the ratio of the Newtonian gravitational acceleration to the measured acceleration of the star in the galaxy. Therefore this deviation factor can replace the MOND function.

Vikram H. Zaveri

2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

198

Reliability of IGBT in a STATCOM for Harmonic Compensation and Power Factor Correction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability of IGBT in a STATCOM for Harmonic Compensation and Power Factor Correction Lakshmi Gopi Oak Ridge, USA. Abstract--With smart grid integration, there is a need to characterize reliability of a power system by including reliability of power semiconductors in grid related applications

Tolbert, Leon M.

199

The Quality of Our Nation's Waters Factors Affecting Public-Supply-Well  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and local information needs and decisions related to water-quality management and policy (httpThe Quality of Our Nation's Waters Factors Affecting Public-Supply-Well Vulnerability to Contamination: Understanding Observed Water Quality and Anticipating Future Water Quality National Water-Quality

200

Spatial factors affecting primary succession on the Muddy River Lahar, Mount St. Helens, Washington  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in different CTs mingled spatially and in multivariate space. Species patterns were weakly related analysis (RDA), and Mantel tests to compare the vegetation relationships with explanatory factors. Plots cannot be predicted well from the data available, suggesting that there were no prominent deterministic

del Moral, Roger

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Optimization of wind turbine energy and power factor with an evolutionary computation algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of wind turbine energy and power factor with an evolutionary computation algorithm the energy capture from the wind and enhance the quality of the power produced by the wind turbine, and harmonic distortion. As the generation of wind energy on an industrial scale is relatively new, the area

Kusiak, Andrew

202

The neutron electric form factor to Q² = 1.45 (GeV/c)²  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nucleon elastic electromagnetic form factors are fundamental quantities needed for an understanding of nucleon and nuclear electromagnetic structure. The evolution of the Sachs electric and magnetic form factors with Q2, the square of the four-momentum transfer, is related to the distribution of charge and magnetization within the nucleon. High precision measurements of the nucleon form factors are essential for stringent tests of our current theoretical understanding of confinement within the nucleon. Measurements of the neutron form factors, in particular, those of the neutron electric form factor, have been notoriously difficult due to the lack of a free neutron target and the vanishing integral charge of the neutron. Indeed, a precise measurement of the neutron electric form factor has eluded experimentalists for decades; however, with the advent of high duty-factor polarized electron beam facilities, experiments employing polarization degrees of freedom have finally yielded the first precise measurements of this fundamental quantity. Following a general overview of the experimental and theoretical status of the nucleon form factors, a detailed description of an experiment designed to extract the neutron electric form factor from measurements of the neutron's recoil polarization in quasielastic 2H(e, e')1H scattering is presented. The experiment described here employed the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility's longitudinally polarized electron beam, a magnetic spectrometer for detection of the scattered electron, and a neutron polarimeter designed specifically for this experiment. Measurements were conducted at three Q2 values of 0.45, 1.13, and 1.45 (GeV/c)2, and the final results extracted from an analysis of the data acquired in this experiment are reported and compared with recent theoretical predictions for the nucleon form factors.

Bradley Plaster

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Improving the phenomenology of K_{l3} form factors with analyticity and unitarity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The shape of the vector and scalar K_{l3} form factors is investigated by exploiting analyticity and unitarity in a model-independent formalism. The method uses as input dispersion relations for certain correlators computed in perturbative QCD in the deep Euclidean region, soft-meson theorems, and experimental information on the phase and modulus of the form factors along the elastic part of the unitarity cut. We derive constraints on the coefficients of the parameterizations valid in the semileptonic range and on the truncation error. The method also predicts low-energy domains in the complex $t$-plane where zeros of the form factors are excluded. The results are useful for K_{l3} data analyses and provide theoretical underpinning for recent phenomenological dispersive representations for the form factors.

Gauhar Abbas; B. Ananthanarayan; Irinel Caprini; I. Sentitemsu Imsong

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

204

Improving the phenomenology of K{sub l3} form factors with analyticity and unitarity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The shape of the vector and scalar K{sub l3} form factors is investigated by exploiting analyticity and unitarity in a model-independent formalism. The method uses as input dispersion relations for certain correlators computed in perturbative QCD in the deep Euclidean region, soft-meson theorems, and experimental information on the phase and modulus of the form factors along the elastic part of the unitarity cut. We derive constraints on the coefficients of the parameterizations valid in the semileptonic range and on the truncation error. The method also predicts low-energy domains in the complex t plane where zeros of the form factors are excluded. The results are useful for K{sub l3} data analyses and provide theoretical underpinning for recent phenomenological dispersive representations for the form factors.

Abbas, Gauhar; Ananthanarayan, B.; Imsong, I. Sentitemsu [Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India); Caprini, Irinel [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, POB MG 6, Bucharest, R-76900 (Romania)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Related Links | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

About Us Our Programs Defense Programs Future Science & Technology Programs Advanced Simulation and Computing and Institutional R&D Programs Related Links Related Links...

206

Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Manufacturing  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy-related carbon emissions in manufacturing analysis and issues related to the energy use, energy efficiency, and carbon emission indicators.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Source Apportionment of Stack Emissions from Research and Development Facilities Using Positive Matrix Factorization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emissions from research and development (R&D) facilities are difficult to characterize due to the wide variety of processes used, changing nature of research, and large number of chemicals. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) was applied to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) concentrations measured in the main exhaust stacks of four different R&D buildings to identify the number and composition of major contributing sources. PMF identified from 9-11 source-related factors contributing to the stack emissions depending on the building. The factors that were similar between buildings were major contributors to trichloroethylene (TCE), acetone, and ethanol emissions. Several other factors had similar profiles for two or more buildings but not for all four. One factor for each building was a combination of p/m-xylene, o-xylene and ethylbenzene. At least one factor for each building was identified that contained a broad mix of many species and constraints were used in PMF to modify the factors to resemble more closely the off-shift concentration profiles. PMF accepted the constraints with little decrease in model fit. Although the PMF model predicted the profiles of the off-shift samples, the percent of total emissions was under-predicted by the model versus the measured data.

Ballinger, Marcel Y.; Larson, Timothy V.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Identification and Characterization of Soluble Factors Involved in Delayed Effects of Low Dose Radiation. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a 'glue grant' that was part of a DOE Low Dose project entitled 'Identification and Characterization of Soluble Factors Involved in Delayed Effects of Low Dose Radiation'. This collaborative program has involved Drs. David L. Springer from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), John H. Miller from Washington State University, Tri-cities (WSU) and William F. Morgan then from the University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB). In July 2008, Dr. Morgan moved to PNNL and Dr. Janet E. Baulch became PI for this project at University of Maryland. In November of 2008, a one year extension with no new funds was requested to complete the proteomic analyses. The project stemmed from studies in the Morgan laboratory demonstrating that genomically unstable cells secret a soluble factor or factors into the culture medium, that cause cytogenetic aberrations and apoptosis in normal parental GM10115 cells. The purpose of this project was to identify the death inducing effect (DIE) factor or factors, estimate their relative abundance, identify the cell signaling pathways involved and finally recapitulate DIE in normal cells by exogenous manipulation of putative DIE factors in culture medium. As reported in detail in the previous progress report, analysis of culture medium from the parental cell line, and stable and unstable clones demonstrated inconsistent proteomic profiles as relate to candidate DIE factors. While the proposed proteomic analyses did not provide information that would allow DIE factors to be identified, the analyses provided another important set of observations. Proteomic analysis suggested that proteins associated with the cellular response to oxidative stress and mitochondrial function were elevated in the medium from unstable clones in a manner consistent with mitochondrial dysfunction. These findings correlate with previous studies of these clones that demonstrated functional differences between the mitochondria of stable and unstable clones. These mitochondrial abnormalities in the unstable clones contributes to oxidative stress.

Baulch, Janet

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

209

The Form Factors of the Nucleons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has been much activity in the measurement of the elastic electromagnetic proton and neutron form factors in the last decade, and the quality of the data has been greatly improved by performing double-polarization experiments, in comparison with with pre-vious unpolarized cross section data. Here we will review the experimental data base in view of the new results for the proton and the neutron, obtained at MIT-Bates, JLab and MAMI. The rapid evolution of phenomenological models triggered by these high- precision experiments will be discussed. In particular, the possibility that the proton is non-spherical in its ground state, and that the transverse charge density are model in- dependently defined in the infinite momentum frame. Likewise, flavor decomposition of the nucleon form factors into dressed u and d quark form factors, may give information about the quark-diquark structure of the nucleon. The current proton radius "crisis" will also be discussed.

Perdrisat, Charles F. [William and Mary College, JLAB

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Vitiligo: A good prognostic factor in melanoma?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cells and normal melanocytes (e.g. , MART-1, tyrosinase,gp100, tyrosinase-related protein 1 and 2) [ 1 ]. This

Cunha, Daniela; Pacheco, Fernando Assis; Cardoso, Jorge

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Degenerate Extensions of General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General relativity has previously been extended to incorporate degenerate metrics using Ashtekar's hamiltonian formulation of the theory. In this letter, we show that a natural alternative choice for the form of the hamiltonian constraints leads to a theory which agrees with GR for non-degenerate metrics, but differs in the degenerate sector from Ashtekar's original degenerate extension. The Poisson bracket algebra of the alternative constraints closes in the non-degenerate sector, with structure functions that involve the {\\it inverse} of the spatial triad. Thus, the algebra does {\\it not} close in the degenerate sector. We find that it must be supplemented by an infinite number ofsecondary constraints, which are shown to be first class (although their explicit form is not worked out in detail). All of the constraints taken together are implied by, but do not imply, Ashtekar's original form of constraints. Thus, the alternative constraints give rise to a different degenerate extension of GR. In the corresponding quantum theory, the single loop and intersecting loop holonomy states found in the connection representation satisfy {\\it all} of the constraints. These states are therefore exact (formal) solutions to this alternative degenerate extension of quantum gravity, even though they are {\\it not} solutions to the usual vector constraint.

Ted Jacobson; Joseph D. Romano

1992-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

Quantitative Finance To apear Efficient Factor GARCH Models and Factor-DCC Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantitative Finance To apear Efficient Factor GARCH Models and Factor-DCC Models Kun Zhang KZHANG of Hong Kong Hong Kong Abstract We reveal that in the estimation of univariate GARCH or multivariate generalized or- thogonal GARCH (GO-GARCH) models, maximizing the likelihood is equivalent to making

Jegelka, Stefanie

213

2008 Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basis 5 Burning oil is also known as kerosene or paraffin used for heating systems. Aviation Turbine biomass heating systems. The emission factors are based on the factor provided in SAP2005, Table 12. Page - Imports and Exports Last updated: Jun-05 Total emissions (kg CO2) Total electricity produced Total heat

214

Factors affecting expanded electricity trade in North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors explore factors that affect electricity trade between enterprises in the US and Canada and the US and Mexico. They look to those underlying policy and institutional factors that affect the relative costs of producing electricity in the three countries. In particular, they consider six factors that appear to have a significant impact on electricity trade in North America: differences in the types of economic regulation of power leading to differences in cost recovery for wholesale and retail power and wheeling charges; changing regulatory attitudes, placing more emphasis on demand-side management and environmental concerns; differences in energy and economic policies; differences in national and subnational environmental policies; changing organization of electric power industries which may foster uncertainty, change historical relationships, and provide other potentially important sources of power for distribution utilities; and differences in the ability of enterprises to gain access to electric power markets because of restrictions placed on transmission access. In Section 2, the authors discuss the regulation of electricity trade in North America and provide an overview of the recent trading experience for electricity between Canada and the US and between Mexico and the US, including the volume of that trade over the past decade and existing transmission capacity between regions of the three countries. In Section 3, they look at the benefits that accrue to trading counties and what those benefits are likely to be for the three countries. The discussion in Section 4 centers on the relevant provisions of the Canada Free Trade Agreement and the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement. In Section 5, they set the stage for the discussion of policy and institutional differences presented in Section 6 by outlining differences in the organization of the electric power sectors of Canada, the US, and Mexico. The study is synthesized in Section 7.

Hill, L.J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Factors relevant to utility integration of intermittent renewable technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study assesses factors that utilities must address when they integrate intermittent renewable technologies into their power-supply systems; it also reviews the literature in this area and has a bibliography containing more than 350 listings. Three topics are covered: (1) interface (hardware and design-related interconnection), (2) operability/stability, and (3) planning. This study finds that several commonly held perceptions regarding integration of intermittent renewable energy technologies are not valid. Among findings of the study are the following: (1) hardware and system design advances have eliminated most concerns about interface; (2) cost penalties have not occurred at low to moderate penetration levels (and high levels are feasible); and (3) intermittent renewable energy technologies can have capacity values. Obstacles still interfering with intermittent renewable technologies are also identified.

Wan, Yih-huei; Parsons, B.K.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Off-shell helicity amplitudes in high-energy factorization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the Catani-Ciafaloni-Hautmann high-energy factorization approach a cross section is expressed as a convolution of unintegrated gluon densities and a gauge-invariant hard process, in which two incoming gluons are off-shell with momenta satisfying certain high-energy kinematics. We present two methods of evaluating the tree-level hard process with multiple final states. The first one assumes that only one of the gluons is off-shell and relies on the Slavnov-Taylor identities. Such asymmetric configuration of incoming gluons is phenomenologically important in small x probing by forward processes. The second method deals also with two off-shell gluons and is based on the analytic continuation of the off-shell gluons momenta to the complex space. The methods were implemented into Monte Carlo computer programs and used in phenomenological applications. The results of both methods are straightforwardly related to Lipatov's effective vertices in quasi-multi-regge kinematics.

Piotr Kotko

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

217

Biosphere dose conversion Factor Importance and Sensitivity Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents importance and sensitivity analysis for the environmental radiation model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN). ERMYN is a biosphere model supporting the total system performance assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA) for the Yucca Mountain repository. This analysis concerns the output of the model, biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the groundwater, and the volcanic ash exposure scenarios. It identifies important processes and parameters that influence the BDCF values and distributions, enhances understanding of the relative importance of the physical and environmental processes on the outcome of the biosphere model, includes a detailed pathway analysis for key radionuclides, and evaluates the appropriateness of selected parameter values that are not site-specific or have large uncertainty.

M. Wasiolek

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

DYNAMIC INTERACTION FACTORS FOR FLOATING PILE GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-numerical formulation for two ideal- ized soil profiles (a homogeneous half-space and a half-space with modulus pro interaction factors for static deformation analysis of pile groups. INTRODUCTION Under static working loads) the sharing among individual piles of the load applied at the pile cap is generally uneven, with the corner

Entekhabi, Dara

219

Factorizations of Operator Matrices Lawrence A. Harris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factorizations of Operator Matrices Lawrence A. Harris Mathematics Department University matrix as a product of an upper triangular operator matrix and an involutory, unitary or J- unitary L(H, K) and (A - WC)-1 exists; moreover, S = T-1 . Theorem 1 Put R = -(A - W0C) AZ0 + W0D 0 CZ0 + D

Harris, Larry

220

Cloud Controlling Factors --Low Clouds BJORN STEVENS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud Controlling Factors -- Low Clouds BJORN STEVENS, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic conspire to determine the statistics and cli- matology of layers of shallow (boundary layer) clouds of low-cloud control- ling processes are offered: these include renewing our focus on theory, model

Stevens, Bjorn

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2·R 10.73 psia·ft3 lbmol·R 62.36 liter·torr mol·K 0.7302 ft3·atm lbmol·R Temperature Conversions: T

Ashurst, W. Robert

222

Impact Factors of Energy Intensity in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy intensity reflects energy usage efficiency in the production and consumption process, and leads to carbon dioxide emissions and the energy security of an economy. Liao et al. (2007) analyzed factors contribute to the fluctuation of China’s energy intensity from 1997 to 2006, and found that efficiency effects and structural effects are the major impacting factors. Therefore, they suggested that China should attach more importance to optimizing its sectoral structure, and lowering its investment ratio in the future. However, economic development and energy intensity are influenced by many factors. In their research, Liao et al. (2007) omitted some important contributing factors to energy intensities, and their suggestions also had some practical limitations. First of all, Liao et al. (2007) did not analyze impacts from energy prices in energy usage efficiency. In the existing literature, Birol and Keppler (2000) applied economics theory and suggested that higher energy prices can induce the improvements in energy usage efficiency, thereby lowering energy intensity. Hang and Tu (2007) studied the influence of energy price on the Chinese economy's energy intensity and their empirical results also showed that higher energy prices can lower energy intensity. Because energy prices have been regulated by the

unknown authors

223

Traffic culture human factors & traffic safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic culture human factors & traffic safety by Dr.-Ing. Haraldur Sigþórsson and Dr.-Ing. Stefán) Culture, traffic culture and traffic safety culture are interrelated Culture www.hr.is 3 Traffic Culture Traffic safety culture What is culture? · A culture is a collection of behavioral patterns that are found

Karlsson, Brynjar

224

ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS: COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY IN FREEWAY REAR accident report: Happened on I-94 in downtown Minneapolis Happened during the afternoon peak period Vehicle" is a "condition or event" such that "had the condition or event been prevented...the accident would not occur

Minnesota, University of

225

Current advances in using neurotrophic factors to treat neurodegenerative disorders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neurotrophic factors to treat neurodegenerative disorders.neurotrophic factors to treat neurodegenerative disordersCNS diseases are difficult to treat due to the Page 3 of 9

Weissmiller, April M; Wu, Chengbiao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Measured and Modeled Humidification Factors of Fresh Smoke Particles...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measured and Modeled Humidification Factors of Fresh Smoke Particles From Biomass Burning: Role of Inorganic Constituents. Measured and Modeled Humidification Factors of Fresh...

227

annihilation factor analysis: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

16 Correlated Bayesian Factor Analysis CiteSeer Summary: Factor analysis is a method in multivariate statistical analysis that can help scientists determine which variables to...

228

In Search of a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cross- section of volatility and expected returns, Theof a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor (revised)of a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor Robert M.

Anderson, Robert M.; Bianchi, Stephen W.; Goldberg, Lisa R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

affecting critical factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

social responsibility implementation: an emphasis on values 5 Factors affecting wild turkey distribution and numbers Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: FACTORS AFFECTING...

230

Scatter factors assessment in microbeam radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The success of the preclinical studies in Microbeam Radiation Therapy (MRT) paved the way to the clinical trials under preparation at the Biomedical Beamline of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility. Within this framework, an accurate determination of the deposited dose is crucial. With that aim, the scatter factors, which translate the absolute dose measured in reference conditions (2 x 2 cm{sup 2} field size at 2 cm-depth in water) to peak doses, were assessed. Methods: Monte Carlo (MC) simulations were performed with two different widely used codes, PENELOPE and GEANT4, for the sake of safety. The scatter factors were obtained as the ratio of the doses that are deposited by a microbeam and by a field of reference size, at the reference depth. The calculated values were compared with the experimental data obtained by radiochromic (ISP HD-810) films and a PTW 34070 large area chamber. Results: The scatter factors for different microbeam field sizes assessed by the two MC codes were in agreement and reproduced the experimental data within uncertainty bars. Those correction factors were shown to be non-negligible for the future MRT clinical settings: an average 30% lower dose was deposited by a 50 {mu}m microbeam with respect to the reference conditions. Conclusions: For the first time, the scatter factors in MRT were systematically studied. They constitute an essential key to deposit accurate doses in the forthcoming clinical trials in MRT. The good agreement between the different calculations and the experimental data confirms the reliability of this challenging micrometric dose estimation.

Prezado, Y.; Martinez-Rovira, I.; Sanchez, M. [Laboratoire Imagerie et Modelisation en Neurobiologie et Cancerologie IMNC-UMR 8165, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Campus Universitaire, Bat. 440, 15 rue Georges Clemenceau, 91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Institut de Tecniques Energetiques, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain) and ID17 Biomedical Beamline, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 Rue Jules Horowitz, B.P. 220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Servicio de Radiofisica, Complejo Hospitalario de Santiago de Compostela, Rua Choupana S/N, 15706 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

Nucleon and $?$ elastic and transition form factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute nucleon and Delta elastic and transition form factors, and compare predictions made using a framework built upon a Faddeev equation kernel and interaction vertices that possess QCD-like momentum dependence with results obtained using a vector-vector contact-interaction. The comparison emphasises that experiment is sensitive to the momentum dependence of the running couplings and masses in the strong interaction sector of the Standard Model and highlights that the key to describing hadron properties is a veracious expression of dynamical chiral symmetry breaking in the bound-state problem. Amongst the results we describe, the following are of particular interest: $G_E^p(Q^2)/G_M^p(Q^2)$ possesses a zero at $Q^2=9.5GeV^2$; any change in the interaction which shifts a zero in the proton ratio to larger $Q^2$ relocates a zero in $G_E^n(Q^2)/G_M^n(Q^2)$ to smaller $Q^2$; and there is likely a value of momentum transfer above which $G_E^n>G_E^p$. Regarding the $\\Delta(1232)$-baryon, we find that, inter alia: the electric monopole form factor exhibits a zero; the electric quadrupole form factor is negative, large in magnitude, and sensitive to the nature and strength of correlations in the $\\Delta(1232)$ Faddeev amplitude; and the magnetic octupole form factor is negative so long as rest-frame P- and D-wave correlations are included. In connection with the N-to-Delta transition, the momentum-dependence of the magnetic transition form factor, $G_M^\\ast$, matches that of $G_M^n$ once the momentum transfer is high enough to pierce the meson-cloud; and the electric quadrupole ratio is a keen measure of diquark and orbital angular momentum correlations.

Jorge Segovia; Ian C. Cloet; Craig D. Roberts; Sebastian M. Schmidt

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

232

High Seastate Container Transfer System/Auxillary Crane Ship vertical relative motion analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Michael James Ottens, B. S. ; U. S. Military Academy Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Cheung H. Kim The transfer of cargo by crane from ship to lighter outside of sheltered ports can be adversely affected by the sea environment, Wave... of vertical relative motions exceed prescribed safety factors. Additionally, there is a continuing need to develop improved seakeeping designs of ships/lighterage. This paper calculates theoretically the vertical relative motions between a cargo ship...

Ottens, Michael James

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Numerical Relativity in Spherical Polar Coordinates: Off-center Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have recently presented a new approach for numerical relativity simulations in spherical polar coordinates, both for vacuum and for relativistic hydrodynamics. Our approach is based on a reference-metric formulation of the BSSN equations, a factoring of all tensor components, as well as a partially implicit Runge-Kutta method, and does not rely on a regularization of the equations, nor does it make any assumptions about the symmetry across the origin. In order to demonstrate this feature we present here several off-centered simulations, including simulations of single black holes and neutron stars whose center is placed away from the origin of the coordinate system, as well as the asymmetric head-on collision of two black holes. We also revisit our implementation of relativistic hydrodynamics and demonstrate that a reference-metric formulation of hydrodynamics together with a factoring of all tensor components avoids problems related to the coordinate singularities at the origin and on the axes. As a particularly demanding test we present results for a shock wave propagating through the origin of the spherical polar coordinate system.

Thomas W. Baumgarte; Pedro J. Montero; Ewald Müller

2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

234

Numerical Relativity in Spherical Polar Coordinates: Off-center Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have recently presented a new approach for numerical relativity simulations in spherical polar coordinates, both for vacuum and for relativistic hydrodynamics. Our approach is based on a reference-metric formulation of the BSSN equations, a factoring of all tensor components, as well as a partially implicit Runge-Kutta method, and does not rely on a regularization of the equations, nor does it make any assumptions about the symmetry across the origin. In order to demonstrate this feature we present here several off-centered simulations, including simulations of single black holes and neutron stars whose center is placed away from the origin of the coordinate system, as well as the asymmetric head-on collision of two black holes. We also revisit our implementation of relativistic hydrodynamics and demonstrate that a reference-metric formulation of hydrodynamics together with a factoring of all tensor components avoids problems related to the coordinate singularities at the origin and on the axes. As a parti...

Baumgarte, Thomas W; Müller, Ewald

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Molecular genetic analysis of activation-tagged transcription factors thought to be involved in photomorphogenesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a final report for Department of Energy Grant No. DE-FG02-08ER15927 entitled “Molecular Genetic Analysis of Activation-Tagged Transcription Factors Thought to be Involved in Photomorphogenesis”. Based on our preliminary photobiological and genetic analysis of the sob1-D mutant, we hypothesized that OBP3 is a transcription factor involved in both phytochrome and cryptochrome-mediated signal transduction. In addition, we hypothesized that OBP3 is involved in auxin signaling and root development. Based on our preliminary photobiological and genetic analysis of the sob2-D mutant, we also hypothesized that a related gene, LEP, is involved in hormone signaling and seedling development.

Neff, Michael M.

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

236

Nucleon shape and electromagnetic form factors in the chiral constituent quark model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electromagnetic form factors are the most fundamental quantities to describe the internal structure of the nucleon and the shape of a spatially extended particle is determined by its intrinsic quadrupole moment which can be related to the charge radii. We have calculated the electromagnetic form factors, nucleon charge radii and the intrinsic quadrupole moment of the nucleon in the framework of chiral constituent quark model. The results obtained are comparable to the latest experimental studies and also show improvement over some theoretical interpretations.

Dahiya, Harleen; Sharma, Neetika [Department of Physics, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab-144 011 (India)

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

237

Nucleon shape and electromagnetic form factors in the chiral constituent quark model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromagnetic form factors are the most fundamental quantities to describe the internal structure of the nucleon and the shape of a spatially extended particle is determined by its intrinsic quadrupole moment which can be related to the charge radii. We have calculated the electromagnetic form factors, nucleon charge radii and the intrinsic quadrupole moment of the nucleon in the framework of chiral constituent quark model. The results obtained are comparable to the latest experimental studies and also show improvement over some theoretical interpretations.

Harleen Dahiya; Neetika Sharma

2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

238

Pion Electromagnetic Form Factor up to 10 [GeV/]^2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The light-front approach is applied to calculate the electromagnetic current for quark-antiquark bound states for the pion. The pion electromagnetic form factor is obtnaide from the "+" and "-" components of the electromagnetic current in the Drell-Yan frame, with different models of the pi-q\\bar{q} vertex and the results for the pion electromagnetic form factor are compared with the experimental data up to 10 [GeV/c]^2 and anothers hadronic models. The rotational symmetry propreties of the pion electromagnetic current related with the zero-modes in the light-front are investigate.

J. P. B. C. de Melo

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

239

The Role of Domestic Factors in the Formation of Trade Unions: A Look at Turkey/EU Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studied Turkey and the European Union (EU). Turkey was officially admitted as a candidate country to the EU in 1997. Despite efforts to meet EU demands, Turkey’s admittance has been blocked. As recently as 2007 Turkey was denied membership, while...

Youngblood, Kristina Lynne

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

240

Investigation of Candidate Genes and HLA-Related Risk Factors in a Genetic Study of Autoimmune Disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gaalen FA, Van Aken J, Huizinga TW, Schreuder GM, BreedveldRheum 2004;50(2):400-12. Huizinga TWJ, Amos CI, van derGaalen FA, Van Aken J, Huizinga TW, Schreuder GM, Breedveld

Bronson, Paola Grasso

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Sensitivity analysis of data-related factors controlling AVA simultaneous inversion of partially stacked seismic amplitude data: Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Mexico Arturo Contreras1 , Carlos Torres-Verdín2 , and Tim Fasnacht3 ABSTRACT We consider the inversion in the central Gulf of Mexico to generate syn- thetic seismic amplitude data and evaluate inversion results Chevron Energy Technology Company, Earth Sciences Technology Department, Reservoir Characterization Unit

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

242

Theoretical full power correction factors as related to changes in ambient temperature, pressure and absolute humidity for aircraft turbine engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IN AMBIENT TEMPERATURE, PRESSURF. AND ABSOLUTE HUMIDITY FOR AIRCRAFT TURBINE ENGINES (August 1969) Michael Antoun Raphael B. S. (Mechanical Engineering) Texas A&M University Directed by: Professor Stanley H, Lowy ABSTRACT Power losses in aircraft gas... rated at standard atmospheric conditions (i. e, ambient temperature 69 F 3'Fend atmospheric pressure 29. 92 in. Hg. dry) . Obviously this same turbine will not be exposed to such standard conditions; therefore we have a change in power directly...

Raphael, Michel Antoun

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

The impact of affective factors related to work on the turnover intent of speech language pathologists in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a District or Co-op in Texas .......... 90 9 Mean and Standard Deviations Regarding the Number of Speech Pathologists Working in a School District or Co-op ................ 92 10 Mean and Standard Deviations of Speech Pathologists in a District or Co-op................................................................................ 93 11 Frequencies and Percentages Regarding the Number of Vacancies in a District or Co-op ........................................................... 93 12 Caseload of a Speech Pathologist in a Texas School District...

O'Connor, Johnny Ray

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Patterns in Functional Structure and Diversity of Stream Fish Assemblages Related to Environmental Factors at Multiple Scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Rob Powell, Kevin Baker, Ada Szczepaniec, Sunny Scobell, and Machteld Verzijden. My research in Mexico was carried out thanks largely to my amazing colleagues at El Colegio de la Frontera Sur in Villahermosa, Tabasco and San Crist?bal de las Casas..., Chiapas. Dr. Manuel Mendoza-Carranza helped me design and carry out field work in Tabasco. Drs. Roc?o Rodiles-Hern?ndez and Alfonso Gonz?les-D?az provided their incredible expertise and field assistance in Chiapas. I would also like to thank...

Pease, Allison Ann

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

245

Sensitive polarimetric search for relativity violations in gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the recent measurements of linear polarization in gamma rays from GRB 930131 and GRB 960924 constrain certain types of relativity violations in photons to less than parts in 10^{37}, representing an improvement in sensitivity by a factor of 100,000.

Alan Kostelecky; Matthew Mewes

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

246

Unified description of kaon electroweak form factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A calculation of the semileptonic decays of the kaon (K{sub l3}) is presented. The results are direct predictions of a covariant model of the pion and kaon introduced earlier by Ito, Buck, Gross. The weak form factors for K{sub l3} are predicted with absolutely no parameter adjustments of the model. The authors obtained for the form factor parameters: f{sub {minus}}(q{sup 2}=m{sub l}{sup 2})/f{sub +}(q{sup 2}=m{sub l}{sup 2})={minus}0.28 and {lambda}{sub +}= 0.028, both within experimental error bars. Connections of this approach to heavy quark symmetry will also be discussed.

A. Afanasev; W. Buck

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Factorization in B to V gamma Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The factorization properties of the radiative decays B {yields} V{gamma} are analyzed at leading order in 1/mb using the soft-collinear effective theory. It is shown that the decay amplitudes can be expressed in terms of a B {yields} V form factor evaluated at q{sup 2} = 0, light-cone distribution amplitudes of the B and V mesons, and calculable hard-scattering kernels. The renormalization-group equations in the effective theory are solved to resume perturbative logarithms of the different scales in the decay process. Phenomenological implications for the B {yields} K*{gamma} branching ratio, isospin asymmetry, and CP asymmetries are discussed, with particular emphasis on possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Model.

Becher, T

2005-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

248

g factor of the first excited state in {sup 56}Fe and implications for transient-field calibration in the Fe region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The transient-field technique has been used to measure the g factor of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} state in {sup 56}Fe relative to the independently determined g factor of the first 5/2{sup -} state in {sup 57}Fe. The new result for {sup 56}Fe agrees with previous measurements but is more precise. Implications for calibrating the transient field and g-factor measurements in the fp region are discussed.

East, M. C.; Stuchbery, A. E.; Chamoli, S. K.; Kibedi, T. [Department of Nuclear Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Wilson, A. N. [Department of Nuclear Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Department of Physics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Crawford, H. L.; Pinter, J. S.; Mantica, P. F. [NSCL and Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Sequence as a determining factor of design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores perceptual experience as it relates to architecture and its design. It recognizes the disparity which exists between the inevitable linearity of our experience of buildings, and the fact that buildings ...

Binney, Ronald M

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

On form factors and Macdonald polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We are developing the algebraic construction for form factors of local operators in the sinh-Gordon theory proposed in [B.Feigin, M.Lashkeivch, 2008]. We show that the operators corresponding to the null vectors in this construction are given by the degenerate Macdonald polynomials with rectangular partitions and the parameters $t=-q$ on the unit circle. We obtain an integral representation for the null vectors and discuss its simple applications.

Lashkevich, Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

On form factors and Macdonald polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We are developing the algebraic construction for form factors of local operators in the sinh-Gordon theory proposed in [B.Feigin, M.Lashkeivch, 2008]. We show that the operators corresponding to the null vectors in this construction are given by the degenerate Macdonald polynomials with rectangular partitions and the parameters $t=-q$ on the unit circle. We obtain an integral representation for the null vectors and discuss its simple applications.

Michael Lashkevich; Yaroslav Pugai

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

252

Nominal Performance Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This analysis report is one of the technical reports containing documentation of the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA) for the Yucca Mountain repository. This analysis report describes the development of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the groundwater exposure scenario, and the development of conversion factors for assessing compliance with the groundwater protection standard. A graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN is presented in Figure 1-1. This figure shows the interrelationships among the products (i.e., analysis and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and provides an understanding of how this analysis report contributes to biosphere modeling. This report is one of two reports that develop biosphere BDCFs, which are input parameters for the TSPA-LA model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes in detail the ERMYN conceptual model and mathematical model. The input parameter reports, shown to the right of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' in Figure 1-1, contain detailed description of the model input parameters, their development, and the relationship between the parameters and specific features events and processes (FEPs). This report describes biosphere model calculations and their output, the BDCFs, for the groundwater exposure scenario. The objectives of this analysis are to develop BDCFs for the groundwater exposure scenario for the three climate states considered in the TSPA-LA as well as conversion factors for evaluating compliance with the groundwater protection standard. The BDCFs will be used in performance assessment for calculating all-pathway annual doses for a given concentration of radionuclides in groundwater. The conversion factors will be used for calculating gross alpha particle activity in groundwater and the annual dose from drinking water for beta- and photon-emitting radionuclides. Another objective of this analysis was to re-qualify the output of the previous revision (BSC 2003 [DIRS 164403]).

M. Wasiolek

2004-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

253

$?$ and $?'$ transition form factors from Padé approximants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We employ a systematic and model-independent method to extract, from space- and time-like data, the $\\eta$ and $\\eta'$ transition form factors (TFFs) obtaining the most precise determination for their low-energy parameters and discuss the $\\Gamma_{\\eta\\rightarrow\\gamma\\gamma}$ impact on them. Using TFF data alone, we also extract the $\\eta-\\eta'$ mixing parameters, which are compatible to those obtained from more sophisticated and input-demanding procedures.

Pablo Sanchez-Puertas; Pere Masjuan

2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

254

Transcription factor-based biosensors for detecting dicarboxylic acids  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides methods and compositions for detecting dicarboxylic acids using a transcription factor biosensor.

Dietrich, Jeffrey; Keasling, Jay

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

255

Factor groups, semidirect product and quantum chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we prove some general theorems about representations of finite groups arising from the inner semidirect product of groups. We show how these results can be used for standard applications of group theory in quantum chemistry through the orthogonality relations for the characters of irreducible representations. In this context, conditions for transitions between energy levels, projection operators and basis functions were determined. This approach applies to composite systems and it is illustrated by the dihedral group related to glycolate oxidase enzyme.

Marco A. S. Trindade

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

256

Processing Chinese relative clauses in context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a self-paced reading experiment comparing the processing of subject-extracted relative clauses (SRCs) and object-extracted relative clauses (ORCs) in supportive contexts in Chinese. It is argued that ...

Gibson, Edward A.

257

Country Specific Subject Preference Politics / International Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration Sustainable Development Climate Change / Energy Policy Politics / International Relations Cape Administration Economics Applied Security Strategy Colombia Climate Change / Energy Policy Public Administration and Finance Public Administration Climate Change and Energy Policy Politics / International Relations Jordan

Mumby, Peter J.

258

Labour Relations Research Collection / Mark Thompson (collector)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Labour Relations Research Collection / Mark Thompson (collector) Compiled by Erwin Wodarczak (2004 of Contents Collection Description o Title / Dates of Creation / Physical Description o Collector catalogue) #12;Collection Description Labour Relations Research Collection / Mark Thompson (collector

Handy, Todd C.

259

Nominal Performance Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This analysis report is one of the technical reports containing documentation of the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA) for the Yucca Mountain repository. This analysis report describes the development of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the groundwater exposure scenario, and the development of conversion factors for assessing compliance with the groundwater protection standards. A graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN is presented in Figure 1-1. This figure shows the interrelationships among the products (i.e., analysis and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and provides an understanding of how this analysis report contributes to biosphere modeling. This report is one of two reports that develop BDCFs, which are input parameters for the TSPA-LA model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes in detail the ERMYN conceptual model and mathematical model. The input parameter reports, shown to the right of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' in Figure 1-1, contain detailed description of the model input parameters, their development, and the relationship between the parameters and specific features events and processes (FEPs). This report describes biosphere model calculations and their output, the BDCFs, for the groundwater exposure scenario. This analysis receives direct input from the outputs of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) and the five analyses that develop parameter values for the biosphere model (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172827]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169672]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169673]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169458]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169459]). The results of this report are further analyzed in the ''Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Importance and Sensitivity Analysis'' (Figure 1-1). The objectives of this analysis are to develop BDCFs for the groundwater exposure scenario for the three climate states (present day, monsoon, and glacial transition) considered in the TSPA-LA, as well as conversion factors for compliance evaluation with the groundwater protection standards. The BDCFs will be used in performance assessment for calculating all-pathway annual doses for a given concentration of radionuclides in groundwater. The conversion factors will be used for calculating gross alpha particle activity in groundwater and the annual dose from drinking water for beta- and photon-emitting radionuclides.

M.A. Wasiolek

2005-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

260

CONSERVATION RELATIONS FOR LOCAL THETA CORRESPONDENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSERVATION RELATIONS FOR LOCAL THETA CORRESPONDENCE BINYONG SUN AND CHEN-BO ZHU Abstract. We Classification. 22E46 (Primary). Key words and phrases. conservation relation, theta correspondence, oscillator, Chapter 11] for details #12;CONSERVATION RELATIONS FOR LOCAL THETA CORRESPONDENCE 3 about Casselman

Zhu, Chen-Bo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

STEAM-WATER RELATIVE PERMEABILITY A DISSERTATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STEAM-WATER RELATIVE PERMEABILITY A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF PETROLEUM Laboratory. iv #12;ABSTRACT Steam-water relative permeability curves are required for mathematical models of two-phase geothermal reservoirs. In this study, drainage steam- water relative permeabilities were

Stanford University

262

Tangled Web of Concept Relations. Concept relations for ISO 1087-1 and ISO 704  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tangled Web of Concept Relations. Concept relations for ISO 1087-1 and ISO 704 Anita Nuopponen on ISO 704:2009 Terminology work - Principles and methods and ISO 1087-1:2000 Terminology work: concept relation, conceptual relation, concept system, generic rela- tion, associative relation, ISO 1087

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

263

Corporate/Foundation Relations CORPORATE AND FOUNDATION RELATIONS The Offices of Corporate and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporate/Foundation Relations - 1 - CORPORATE AND FOUNDATION RELATIONS The Offices of Corporate and Foundation Relations (CR, FR) are responsible for coordinating with OSP on applications to key University development and institutional advancement prospects. Applying to Foundations or Corporations. Faculty

Mather, Patrick T.

264

Neutron electric form factor via recoil polarimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ratio of the electric to the magnetic form factor of the neutron, G_En/G_Mn, was measured via recoil polarimetry from the quasielastic d({pol-e},e'{pol-n)p reaction at three values of Q^2 [viz., 0.45, 1.15 and 1.47 (GeV/c)^2] in Hall C of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. Preliminary data indicate that G_En follows the Galster parameterization up to Q^2 = 1.15 (GeV/c)^2 and appears to rise above the Galster parameterization at Q^2 = 1.47 (GeV/c)^2.

Richard Madey; Andrei Semenov; Simon Taylor; Aram Aghalaryan; Erick Crouse; Glen MacLachlan; Bradley Plaster; Shigeyuki Tajima; William Tireman; Chenyu Yan; Abdellah Ahmidouch; Brian Anderson; Razmik Asaturyan; O. Baker; Alan Baldwin; Herbert Breuer; Roger Carlini; Michael Christy; Steve Churchwell; Leon Cole; Samuel Danagoulian; Donal Day; Mostafa Elaasar; Rolf Ent; Manouchehr Farkhondeh; Howard Fenker; John Finn; Liping Gan; Kenneth Garrow; Paul Gueye; Calvin Howell; Bitao Hu; Mark Jones; James Kelly; Cynthia Keppel; Mahbubul Khandaker; Wooyoung Kim; Stanley Kowalski; Allison Lung; David Mack; D. Manley; Pete Markowitz; Joseph Mitchell; Hamlet Mkrtchyan; Allena Opper; Charles Perdrisat; Vina Punjabi; Brian Raue; Tilmann Reichelt; Joerg Reinhold; Julie Roche; Yoshinori Sato; Wonick Seo; Neven Simicevic; Gregory Smith; Samuel Stepanyan; Vardan Tadevosyan; Liguang Tang; Paul Ulmer; William Vulcan; John Watson; Steven Wells; Frank Wesselmann; Stephen Wood; Chen Yan; Seunghoon Yang; Lulin Yuan; Wei-Ming Zhang; Hong Guo Zhu; Xiaofeng Zhu

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Lorentz Coherence and the Proton Form Factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dipole cutoff behavior for the proton form factor has been and still is one of the major issues in high-energy physics. It is shown that this dipole behavior comes from the coherence between the Lorentz contraction of the proton size and the decreasing wavelength of the incoming photon signal. The contraction rates are the same for both cases. This form of coherence is studied also in the momentum-energy space. The coherence effect in this space can be explained in terms of two overlapping wave functions.

Kim, Young S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Dynamic structure factors of a dense mixture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the dynamic structure factors of a dense binary liquid mixture. These describe dynamics on molecular length scales, where structural relaxation is important. We find that the presence of a few large particles in a dense fluid of small particles slows down the dynamics considerably. We also observe a deep narrowing of the spectrum for a disordered mixture composed of a nearly equal packing of the two species. In contrast, a few small particles diffuse easily in the background of a dense fluid of large particles. We expect our results to describe neutron scattering from a dense mixture.

Supurna Sinha

2005-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

267

Factors for design of dips for roadways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

limit is sub]ect to mot1on which may cause considerable discomfort to be experienced by the oocupants. If a dip is particularly critical, the vehicle may even incur damages. The most important consideration, however, 1s the fact that the driver may... lose control of the vehicle momentarily and be involved in a traffic accident. These three factors indicate the need for all dips in roadways to be nrop- erly designed, whether they are to be temporary or oermanent. The use of dips as speed checks...

McCasland, William Richard

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Prime number generation and factor elimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have presented a multivariate polynomial function termed as factor elimination function,by which, we can generate prime numbers. This function's mapping behavior can explain the irregularities in the occurrence of prime numbers on the number line. Generally the different categories of prime numbers found till date, satisfy the form of this function. We present some absolute and probabilistic conditions for the primality of the number generated by this method. This function is capable of leading to highly efficient algorithms for generating prime numbers.

Vineet Kumar

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

269

Quantum correlation dynamics of two qubits in noisy environments: The factorization law and beyond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the quantum correlations of two qubits under conditions of single-sided and two-sided noisy channels when the initial state of the system belongs to a subclass of X structured ones in terms of measurement-induced nonlocality, measurement-induced disturbance and quantum discord. The results show that measurement-induced nonlocality has a factorization law, regardless of whether there are single-sided or two-sided noisy channels. However, there is no simple factorization relation for measurement-induced disturbance and quantum discord. Also, we compare the evolution of these quantum correlations as functions of time. For the four Bell initial states, we find that the measurement-induced disturbance evolution equations are the same when the channel is single-sided, but they will be divided into two categories when the channel is two-sided. Quantum correlations decay more quickly when the channel is two-sided. Furthermore, quantum discord presents sudden change in the derivative of its time evolution. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The quantum correlation dynamics of two qubits under noisy environmental conditions is investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Measurement-induced nonlocality has a factorization law, regardless of whether there are single-sided or two-sided noisy channels. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer There is no simple factorization relation for measurement-induced disturbance and quantum discord.

Zhang, Guo-Feng, E-mail: gf1978zhang@sohu.com [Department of Physics, School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China) [Department of Physics, School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); State Key Laboratory of Software Development Environment, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Key Laboratory of Micro-Nano Measurement-Manipulation and Physics (Ministry of Education), Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Ji, Ai-Ling; Fan, Heng; Liu, Wu-Ming [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Some Factors Affecting the Utilization of Phosphoric Acid in Soils by Plants in Pot Experiments.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, Director College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 647 APRIL, 1944 SOME FACTORS AFFECTING THE UTILIZATION OF PHOSPHORIC ACID IN SOILS BY PLANTS IN POT EXPERIMENTS G. S. FRAPS and J. F. FUDGE...] The relations between the quantities of phosphoric acid re- moved by corn and milo or kafir and the composition and other characteristics of Texas soils was ascertained from the data of 375 pot experiments. acid acid crol nhn! =---, Wit pho; tota DL...

Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin); Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

New Reliability Assessment Method for Solder Joints in BGA Package by Considering the Interaction between Design Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the integration and the miniaturization of electronics devices, design space become narrower and interactions between design factors affect their reliability. This paper presents a methodology of quantifying the interaction of each design factor in electronics devices. Thermal fatigue reliability of BGA assembly was assessed with the consideration of the interaction between design factors. Sensitivity analysis shows the influence of each design factor to inelastic strain range of a solder joint characterizing the thermal fatigue life if no interaction occurs. However, there is the interaction in BGA assembly since inelastic strain range depends on not only a mismatch in CTE but also a warpage of components. Clustering can help engineers to clarify the relation between design factors. The variation in the influence was taken to quantify the interaction of each design factor. Based on the interaction, simple evaluating approach of inelastic strain range for the BGA assembly was also developed. BGA package was simplified into a homogeneous component and equivalent CTE wascalculated from the warpage of BGA and PCB. The estimated equation was derived by using the response surface method as a function of design factors. Based upon these analytical results, design engineers can rate each factor's effect on reliability and assess the reliability of their basic design plan at the concept design stage.

Satoshi Kondo; Qiang Yu; T. Shibutani; M. Shiratori

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

272

Helium Compton Form Factor Measurements at CLAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The distribution of the parton content of nuclei, as encoded via the generalized parton distributions (GPDs), can be accessed via the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) process contributing to the cross section for leptoproduction of real photons. Similarly to the scattering of light by a material, DVCS provides information about the dynamics and the spatial structure of hadrons. The sensitivity of this process to the lepton beam polarization allows to single-out the DVCS amplitude in terms of Compton form factors that contain GPDs information. The beam spin asymmetry of the $^4$He($\\vec {\\mathrm e}$,e$' \\gamma ^4$He) process was measured in the experimental Hall B of the Jefferson Laboratory to extract the real and imaginary parts of the twist-2 Compton form factor of the $^4$He nucleus. The experimental results reported here demonstrate the relevance of this method for such a goal, and suggest the dominance of the Bethe-Heitler amplitude to the unpolarized process in the kinematic range explored by the experiment.

Voutier, Eric J.-M. [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et Cosmologie

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

New large-Nc relations among the nucleon and nucleon-to-Delta GPDs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We establish relations which express the generalized parton distributions (GPDs) describing the N {yields} {Delta} transition in terms of the nucleon GPDs. These relations are based on the known large-N{sub c} relation between the N {yields} {Delta} electric quadrupole moment and the neutron charge radius, and a newly derived large-N{sub c} relation between the electric quadrupole (E2) and Coulomb quadrupole (C2) transitions. Namely, in the large-N{sub c} limit we find C2=E2. The resulting relations among the nucleon and N {yields} {Delta} GPDs provide predictions for the N {yields} {Delta} electromagnetic form factors which are found to be in very good agreement with experiment for moderate momentum transfers.

Marc Vanderhaeghen; Vladimir Pascalutsa

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

T-582: RSA systems has resulted in certain information being extracted from RSA systems that relates to RSA SecurID  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

RSA investigation has revealed that the attack resulted in certain information being extracted from RSA's systems. Some of that information is related to RSA's SecurID two-factor authentication products.

275

The four particles paradox in special relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a novel paradox in special relativity together with its solution. We call it the four particles paradox. The purpose of this paradox is pedagogical and therefore directed towards students and lecturers of physics. Even if most paradoxes in special relativity theory are very interrelated and some are special cases of others, the paradox we present here is original and illuminates on the very nice subject and the literature of special relativity.

J. Manuel Garcia-Islas

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

276

Entropic uncertainty relations for multiple measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the entropic uncertainty relations for multiple measurement settings in quantum mechanics. Those uncertainty relations are obtained for both cases with and without the presence of quantum memory. They take concise forms which can be proven in a unified method and easy to calculate. Our results recover the well known entropic uncertainty relations for two observables, which show the uncertainties about the outcomes of two incompatible measurements. Those uncertainty relations are applicable in both foundations of quantum theory and the security of many quantum cryptographic protocols.

Shang Liu; Liang-Zhu Mu; Heng Fan

2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

277

Supercapacitor compositions, devices and related methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disclosed are supercapacitor materials comprising compositions having pores that are optimally sized to maximize capacitance. Also disclosed are related methods for fabricating such supercapacitors.

Gogotsi, Yury; Simon, Patrice; Largeot, Celine; Portet, Cristelle; Chmiola, John; Taberna, Pierre-Louis

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

278

Office of Workforce Policy and Labor Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Office of Workforce Policy and Labor Relations 391 Pine Tree Road Ithaca, NY 14853-2801 t. 607.254-7232

Wang, Z. Jane

279

Doubly Special Relativity and quantum gravity phenomenology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the conceptual, algebraical, and geometrical structure of Doubly Special Relativity. I also speculate about the possible relevance of DSR for quantum gravity phenomenology.

J. Kowalski-Glikman

2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

280

Relative efficiency benefits of wholesale and retail competition in electricity: An analysis and a research agenda  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A central issue in the debate over restructuring the electric power industry is the extent to which the market should be open to competition. One aspect of this debate is whether competition ought to be restricted to the whole sale power market or be extended to final retail consumers. This report begins to explore the potential differences in economic efficiency between wholesale and retail competition in the electric power industry. The two market-structure scenarios are defined and the factors responsible for differences in efficiency are described. The report also contains an assessment of the relative importance of the factors and recommendations for pursuing further research.

Bohi, D.R.; Palmer, K.L. [Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)] [Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Turning Relational DBMS into Nested Relational DBMS GeneticXchange, Inc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turning Relational DBMS into Nested Relational DBMS Jing Chen GeneticXchange, Inc chenjing previously been described [24, 23], the details of its interface to relational DBMS and other sources have never been published. In this paper, we describe the Kleisli's interface to relational DBMS

Wong, Limsoon

282

Factors Inhibiting Personal Growth When Teaching Academically Diverse Classes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study seeks to identify the factors that inhibit personal growth in teaching as teachers work to meet the needs of all students in academically diverse groups of learners. To identify these factors, researchers worked ...

Lenz, B. Keith; Melvin, Jeff; Kissam, Brenda; Bulgren, Janis; Roth, Janet

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Safety Science & Solutions Integrating Human Factors in Healthcare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety Science & Solutions Integrating Human Factors in Healthcare Tuesday 2nd December 2014 safety, quality and productivity in healthcare. Showcasing enduring solutions to patient safety recognised speakers in patient safety including: Martin Bromiley, Founder, Clinical Human Factors Group Dr

Levi, Ran

284

EVALUATING NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY: PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND INFLUENTIAL FACTORS FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development, industrial structure, energy prices, environmental governance, pollution abatement and control, environmental governance, and energy prices are major influential factors, with energy prices the most important components factor analysis to help build subindices measuring waste and pollution, sustainable energy

285

affect postprandial factor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

may influence the decision Cheng, Yvonne 2011-01-01 3 Factors affecting wild turkey distribution and numbers Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: FACTORS AFFECTING...

286

Disruptive Event Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This analysis report is one of the technical reports containing documentation of the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the total system performance assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA) for the Yucca Mountain repository. This analysis report describes the development of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the volcanic ash exposure scenario, and the development of dose factors for calculating inhalation dose during volcanic eruption. A graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN is presented in Figure 1-1. This figure shows the interrelationships among the products (i.e., analysis and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and provides an understanding of how this analysis report contributes to biosphere modeling. This report is one of two reports that develop biosphere BDCFs, which are input parameters for the TSPA model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes in detail the ERMYN conceptual model and mathematical model. The input parameter reports, shown to the right of the Biosphere Model Report in Figure 1-1, contain detailed descriptions of the model input parameters, their development and the relationship between the parameters and specific features, events and processes (FEPs). This report describes biosphere model calculations and their output, the BDCFs, for the volcanic ash exposure scenario. This analysis receives direct input from the outputs of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) and from the five analyses that develop parameter values for the biosphere model (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169671]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169672]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169673]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169458]; and BSC 2004 [DIRS 169459]). The results of this report are further analyzed in the ''Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Importance and Sensitivity Analysis''. The objective of this analysis was to develop the BDCFs for the volcanic ash exposure scenario and the dose factors for calculating inhalation doses during volcanic eruption (eruption phase of the volcanic event). For the volcanic ash exposure scenario, the mode of radionuclide release into the biosphere is a volcanic eruption through the repository with the resulting entrainment of contaminated waste in the tephra and the subsequent atmospheric transport and dispersion of contaminated material in the biosphere. The biosphere process model for this scenario uses the surface deposition of contaminated ash as the source of radionuclides in the biosphere. The initial atmospheric transport and dispersion of the ash as well as its subsequent redistribution by fluvial and aeolian processes are not addressed within the biosphere model. These processes influence the value of the source term that is calculated elsewhere and then combined with the BDCFs in the TSPA model to calculate expected dose to the receptor. Another objective of this analysis was to re-qualify the output of the previous revision (BSC 2003 [DIRS 163958]).

M. Wasiolek

2004-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

287

Extended correlations of porosity, permeability, and formation resistivity factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the second is an empirically established correlation between the individual parameters. Although the two relationships are of the same form, the empirical form permits an independent detezmination of characterizing factors that appear in the rela..., and the characterizing factors for several formations have been calculated. These characterizing factors may have some merit for characterizing formations in general. Methods are also suggested for estimating these factors when limited data is available...

Ellis, Keith Wade

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

INTRODUCTION The Electrical Charge and Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION The Electrical Charge and Relativity This course starts with the introduction of concepts related to just electricity: charge, electric field, electric potential energy, conservation of electric energy, etc. Notice that latter terms sound already very familiar to what you have learned in PH

289

The relative impact 1 Organizational socialization tactics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, although not all learning is considered as organizational socialization (e.g., Haueter, Macan, & Winter learning in three key organizational domains of how things work with the organization, the work groupThe relative impact 1 Organizational socialization tactics: Determining the relative impact

Boyer, Edmond

290

CSP for binary conservative relational structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove that whenever A is a 3-conservative relational structure with only binary and unary relations then the algebra of polymorphisms of A either has no Taylor operation (i.e. CSP(A) is NP-complete), or generates a congruence meet semidistributive variety (i.e. CSP(A) has bounded width).

Kazda, Alexandr

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

IN-SERVICE LOAD & RESISTANCE FACTOR RATING METHOD FOR BRIDGES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stress Rating method (noted ASR in the following), Load Factor Rating method (noted LFR in the followingIN-SERVICE LOAD & RESISTANCE FACTOR RATING METHOD FOR BRIDGES Degang Li1 , Baidurya Bhattacharya2 are evaluated using allowable stress and load factor rating methods. Load rating made in these traditional

Bhattacharya, Baidurya

292

Factors Contributing to Ideal Instructional Interactivity Michael Yacci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors Contributing to Ideal Instructional Interactivity Michael Yacci Paul Hyman Information are the factors that contribute to "ideal" instructional interactivity? In this study, subjects observed different and paralanguage. Introduction The purpose of this project was to determine factors that contribute to an "ideal

Yacci, Michael

293

REALIZING TWO-FACTOR AUTHENTICATION FOR THE BITCOIN PROTOCOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REALIZING TWO-FACTOR AUTHENTICATION FOR THE BITCOIN PROTOCOL Christopher Mann and Daniel Loebenberger 15 August 2014 Abstract. We show how to realize two-factor authentication for a Bitcoin wal- let a prototypic implementation of a Bitcoin wallet that offers both: two-factor authentication and verification

294

UPDATE AND ENHANCEMENT OF ODOT'S CRASH REDUCTION FACTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Printed on recycled paper #12;ii SI* (MODERN METRIC) CONVERSION FACTORS APPROXIMATE CONVERSIONS TO SIUPDATE AND ENHANCEMENT OF ODOT'S CRASH REDUCTION FACTORS Final Report SPR 612 by Christopher M and Enhancement of ODOT's Crash Reduction Factors 6. Performing Organization Code 7. Author(s) Christopher M

Bertini, Robert L.

295

School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences An investigation into factors affecting elephant welfare in UK zoos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences An investigation into factors affecting elephant welfare in UK zoos A DEFRA-commissioned study to assess the `Welfare, Housing and Husbandry of Elephants in UK Zoos` identified areas for improvement relating to the continued maintenance of elephants in UK

Evans, Paul

296

Short Paper submitted to Bicycle Session at T2M Madrid 2012 Historical factors for better cycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Short Paper submitted to Bicycle Session at T2M Madrid 2012 Historical factors for better, the bicycle as a transport mode has focused little historical research, at least available sources relating to cycling for transport1. The bicycle fleet is well

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

297

A Generalized Finite Source Calibration Factor: A Natural Improvement to the Finite Source Correction Factor for Uranium Holdup Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes refinements to the finite source correction factor used in holdup measurements. Specifically it focuses on a more general method to estimate the average detector response for a finite source. This proposed method for the average detector response is based directly on the Generalized Geometry Holdup (GGH) assay method. First, the finite source correction factor as originally proposed is reviewed in this paper. Following this review the GGH assay method is described. Lastly, a new finite area calibration factor based on GGH is then proposed for finite point and line sources. As an alternative to the direct use of the finite arca calibration factor, finite source correction factors are also derived from this calibration factor. This new correction factor can be used in a manner similar to the finite source correction factor as currently implemented.

Gunn, C.A.; Oberer, R.B.; chiang, L.G.; Ceo, R.N.

2003-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

298

CONSTRAINING THE BULK LORENTZ FACTOR OF GAMMA-RAY BURST OUTFLOW IN THE MAGNETIC-DOMINATED JET MODEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent observations by the Fermi-LAT showed that there are delayed arrivals of GeV photons relative to the onset of MeV photons in some gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In order to avoid a large optical depth, the minimal value of the Lorentz factor has been estimated to be higher than 1000 in some of the brightest bursts. In this paper, we present a detailed calculation of the time delay between the MeV and GeV photons in the framework of the magnetic-dominated jet model. We find that the time delay strongly depends on the saturated bulk Lorentz factor of the jet. Inspired by this fact, we use this model to calculate the Lorentz factors of the four brightest Fermi bursts. The results indicate that the Lorentz factors are much smaller than those obtained from the 'single-zone' scenario. The short burst GRB 090510 has a minimal Lorentz factor of 385, while the three long bursts, GRB 080916c, GRB 090902b, and GRB 090926, have almost the same Lorentz factors with an average value near 260. Another interesting result is that, for long bursts, GeV photons are emitted after the bulk Lorentz factor saturates. For the short GRB, however, MeV and GeV photons are emitted at the same phase, i.e., either in the expansion phase or in the coasting phase.

Chang Zhe; Lin Hainan; Jiang Yunguo, E-mail: changz@ihep.ac.cn, E-mail: linhn@ihep.ac.cn, E-mail: jiangyg@ihep.ac.cn [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing (China)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

299

Mechanical Models of Fault-Related Folding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of the proposed research is fault-related folding and ground deformation. The results are relevant to oil-producing structures throughout the world, to understanding of damage that has been observed along and near earthquake ruptures, and to earthquake-producing structures in California and other tectonically-active areas. The objectives of the proposed research were to provide both a unified, mechanical infrastructure for studies of fault-related foldings and to present the results in computer programs that have graphical users interfaces (GUIs) so that structural geologists and geophysicists can model a wide variety of fault-related folds (FaRFs).

Johnson, A. M.

2003-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

300

Heat transfer in theory of relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The traditional Fourier equation just allows us to study the evolution of temperature in an "undeformable" bar. The search for its relativistic variant is a task which is expected to fail because in relativity there are no undeformable bars. Rigid bodies, in the sense of "as rigid as possible", are deformables. In this work we show how to write in relativity the system of equations necessary to study simultaneously deformation and temperature evolution along a rigid deformable bar. The solutions of the two simultaneous equations is discussed assuming convenient constitutive relations for the material. An application is presented.

A. Brotas; J. C. Fernandes

2006-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fractional revivals through Rényi uncertainty relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the R\\'enyi uncertainty relations give a good description of the dynamical behavior of wave packets and constitute a sound approach to revival phenomena by analyzing three model systems: the simple harmonic oscillator, the infinite square well, and the quantum bouncer. We prove the usefulness of entropic uncertainty relations as a tool for identifying fractional revivals by providing a comparison in different contexts with the usual Heisenberg uncertainty relation and with the common approach in terms of the autocorrelation function.

Elvira Romera; Francisco de los Santos

2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

302

Quantifier elimination for approximate Beals-Kartashova factorization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The only known constructive factorization algorithm for linear partial differential operators (LPDOs) is Beals-Kartashova (BK) factorization \\cite{bk2005}. One of the most interesting features of BK-factorization: at the beginning all the first-order factors are constructed and afterwards the factorization condition(s) should be checked. This leads to the important application area - namely, numerical simulations which could be simplified substantially if instead of computation with one LPDE of order $n$ we will be able to proceed computations with $n$ LPDEs all of order 1. In numerical simulations it is not necessary to fulfill factorization conditions exactly but with some given accuracy, which we call approximate factorization. The idea of the present paper is to look into the feasibility of solving problems of this kind using quantifier elinination by cylindrical algebraic decomposition.

Elena Kartashova; Scott McCallum

2007-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

303

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conversion Factors list of standard conversion factors for each energy form,Value (LHV) and conversion factor to “coal equivalent”

Fridley, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Commissioning of output factors for uniform scanning proton beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Current commercial treatment planning systems are not able to accurately predict output factors and calculate monitor units for proton fields. Patient-specific field output factors are thus determined by either measurements or empirical modeling based on commissioning data. The objective of this study is to commission output factors for uniform scanning beams utilized at the ProCure proton therapy centers. Methods: Using water phantoms and a plane parallel ionization chamber, the authors first measured output factors with a fixed 10 cm diameter aperture as a function of proton range and modulation width for clinically available proton beams with ranges between 4 and 31.5 cm and modulation widths between 2 and 15 cm. The authors then measured the output factor as a function of collimated field size at various calibration depths for proton beams of various ranges and modulation widths. The authors further examined the dependence of the output factor on the scanning area (i.e., uncollimated proton field), snout position, and phantom material. An empirical model was developed to calculate the output factor for patient-specific fields and the model-predicted output factors were compared to measurements. Results: The output factor increased with proton range and field size, and decreased with modulation width. The scanning area and snout position have a small but non-negligible effect on the output factors. The predicted output factors based on the empirical modeling agreed within 2% of measurements for all prostate treatment fields and within 3% for 98.5% of all treatment fields. Conclusions: Comprehensive measurements at a large subset of available beam conditions are needed to commission output factors for proton therapy beams. The empirical modeling agrees well with the measured output factor data. This investigation indicates that it is possible to accurately predict output factors and thus eliminate or reduce time-consuming patient-specific output measurements for proton treatments.

Zheng Yuanshui; Ramirez, Eric; Mascia, Anthony; Ding Xiaoning; Okoth, Benny; Zeidan, Omar; Hsi Wen; Harris, Ben; Schreuder, Andries N.; Keole, Sameer [ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Treatment Centers, 420 North Walnut Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Simple analytic model for astrophysical S factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a physically transparent analytic model of astrophysical S factors as a function of a center-of-mass energy E of colliding nuclei (below and above the Coulomb barrier) for nonresonant fusion reactions. For any given reaction, the S(E) model contains four parameters [two of which approximate the barrier potential, U(r)]. They are easily interpolated along many reactions involving isotopes of the same elements; they give accurate practical expressions for S(E) with only several input parameters for many reactions. The model reproduces the suppression of S(E) at low energies (of astrophysical importance) due to the shape of the low-r wing of U(r). The model can be used to reconstruct U(r) from computed or measured S(E). For illustration, we parametrize our recent calculations of S(E) (using the Sao Paulo potential and the barrier penetration formalism) for 946 reactions involving stable and unstable isotopes of C, O, Ne, and Mg (with nine parameters for all reactions involving many isotopes of the same elements, e.g., C+O). In addition, we analyze astrophysically important {sup 12}C+{sup 12}C reaction, compare theoretical models with experimental data, and discuss the problem of interpolating reliably known S(E) values to low energies (E < or approx. 2-3 MeV).

Yakovlev, D. G.; Beard, M.; Gasques, L. R.; Wiescher, M. [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, Poliekhnicheskaya 26, 194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Department of Physics and The Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Laboratorio Pelletron, Instituto de Fisica da Universidade de Sao Paulo, 05315-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Department of Physics and The Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

Selected factors influencing GCL hydraulic conductivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of confined swell and hydraulic conductivity tests were conducted on a needle-punched geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) with water as the hydrating medium and reference permeant. Increases in the static confining stress and the needle-punching both restricted GCL swell and contributed to lower bulk GCL void ratios and hence significantly lower hydraulic conductivity values. A well defined linear-log relationship is found between the bulk void ratio and hydraulic conductivity. The number of pore volumes of permeant flow and consequently the level of chemical equilibrium is shown to have a significant effect on the hydraulic conductivity. It is shown that there is a decrease in hydraulic conductivity for small amounts of permeant flow for all ethanol/water mixtures examined. At or near chemical equilibrium, low concentration mixtures (25 and 50% ethanol) continued to produce relative decreases in GCL hydraulic conductivity due to the increased viscosity of the permeant; however, highly concentrated mixtures (75 and 100% ethanol) produced relative increases in GCL hydraulic conductivity arising from double layer contraction. The implications are discussed.

Petrov, R.J. [Trow Consulting Engineers Ltd., Brampton, Ontario (Canada); Rowe, R.K.; Quigley, R.M. [Univ. of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Part I Special Relativity G. W. Gibbons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Velocity composition formulae 14 7 Galilean Principle of Relativity 14 7.1 Waves and Galilean.2 * Aberration of Starlight* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 15.3 Water filled telescopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 2 #12;15.9 *The Cosmic Microwave Background* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 16 * Kinematic

Cambridge, University of

308

Thermodynamic laws beyond free energy relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent studies have developed fundamental limitations on nanoscale thermodynamics, in terms of a set of independent free energy relations. Here we show that free energy relations cannot properly describe quantum coherence in thermodynamic processes. By casting time-asymmetry as a quantifiable, fundamental resource of a quantum state we arrive at an additional, independent set of thermodynamic laws, that naturally extend the existing ones. These asymmetry relations reveal that the traditional Szilard engine argument does not extend automatically to quantum coherences, but instead only relational coherences in a multipartite scenario can contribute to thermodynamic work. We find that coherence transformations are always irreversible. Our results also reveal additional structural parallels between thermodynamics and entanglement theory.

Matteo Lostaglio; David Jennings; Terry Rudolph

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

309

Arbeidslivets lover Act relating to working environment,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arbeidslivets lover Act relating to working environment, working hours and employment protection, etc. (Working Environment Act). as subsequently amended, last by the Act of 14. December 2012 No. 80.notification................................................................... 6 Chapter 3. Working environment measures..................................... 6 Section.3

Johansen, Tom Henning

310

New charge radius relations for atomic nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the charge radii of neighboring atomic nuclei, independent of atomic number and charge, follow remarkably very simple relations, despite the fact that atomic nuclei are complex finite many-body systems governed by the laws of quantum mechanics. These relations can be understood within the picture of independent-particle motion and by assuming neighboring nuclei having similar pattern in the charge density distribution. A root-mean-square (rms) deviation of 0.0078 fm is obtained between the predictions in these relations and the experimental values, i.e., a comparable precision as modern experimental techniques. Such high accuracy relations are very useful to check the consistence of nuclear charge radius surface and moreover to predict unknown nuclear charge radii, while large deviations from experimental data is seen to reveal the appearance of nuclear shape transition or coexsitence.

B. H. Sun; Y. Lu; J. P. Peng; C. Y. Liu; Y. M. Zhao

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

311

Some Comments related to AGN Radio Loudness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bimodality of the AGN radio loudness distribution, and the relation of radio loudness and black hole mass were recently disputed. A closer look at the existing data suggests possible resolutions of these disputes, as further described below.

Ari Laor

2003-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

312

Instructionally Related Activities Fiscal Year 20142015 Budget  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12; Instructionally Related Activities Fiscal Year 20142015 Budget California State University, Fullerton This budget has been approved by the President ......................................................................................................... ix Budget Policy Statements, Procedures, and Guidelines Role of the Chair, IRA Committee

de Lijser, Peter

313

Mass Energy Relation of the Nonlinear Spinor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nonlinear spinor fields coupled with the interactive potentials are important in the theory of elementary particles. In this paper, we establish the relationship between field theory and corresponding classical mechanics, and derive the local Lorentz transformations for the classical parameters. The classical mass of a particle is clearly defined, and the energy-speed relations for each potential term are strictly derived. The analysis in this paper shows that the different kind of potential results in different energy-speed relation, and the mass-energy relation $E=mc^2$ only exactly holds for the linear fields. The energy-speed relations can be used as fingerprints to identify the interactive potentials of a particle via elaborated experiments.

Ying-Qiu Gu

2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

314

Other health-related programmes, such as  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies International Relations Geography European Studies Politics, Philosophy & Economics History, for example: Economics Finance Risk Banking Accounting Investment Mathematics Click here for a full, for example: Classics Liberal Arts Literature Digital Culture Film Studies Philosophy Religion

Applebaum, David

315

Relationally-Parametric Polymorphic Contracts Brown University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relationally-Parametric Polymorphic Contracts Arjun Guha Brown University arjun@cs.brown.edu Jacob are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full

Krishnamurthi, Shriram

316

RELATIVE ATTENUATION CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME SHIELDING MATERIALS FOR PuB NEUTRONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Neutron Conversion Factors," Health Physics Flux-to~to dose-equivalent conversion factors are those taken fromsion factors " The conversion factors for neutrons

Bringham, P.S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Phenomenological Explanation of Special Relativity Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper shows how we can find in the aberration of starlight a phenomenological explanation of special relativity physics. The special-relativity effect is identified as an effect due to the observation velocity being affected by the velocity of a moving particle. In contrast to the currently accepted view, it is demonstrated that the usual concepts of time and simultaneity are natural for describing relativistic phenomena.

Y. G. Yi

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

318

Relative reactivities of solid benzoic acids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIVE REACTIVITIES OF SOLID BENZOIC ACIDS A Thesis By EDWIN J, WARWAS Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A8rM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1967' Major... Subject: Chemistry RELATIVE REACTIVITIES OF SOLID BENZOIC ACIDS A Thesis By EDWIN J. WARWAS Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASSAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MAST ER OF S CIENCE January...

Warwas, Edwin James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

319

Related Financial Opportunities | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,Institutes and LaunchesRelated Financial Opportunities Related Financial

320

Related Financial Opportunities | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,Institutes and LaunchesRelated Financial Opportunities Related

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

General Relativity as Geometro-Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the spirit of Sakharov's `metric elasticity' proposal, we draw a loose analogy between general relativity and the hydrodynamic state of a quantum gas. In the `top-down' approach, we examine the various conditions which underlie the transition from some candidate theory of quantum gravity to general relativity. Our emphasis here is more on the `bottom-up' approach, where one starts with the semiclassical theory of gravity and examines how it is modified by graviton and quantum field excitations near and above the Planck scale. We mention three aspects based on our recent findings: 1) Emergence of stochastic behavior of spacetime and matter fields depicted by an Einstein-Langevin equation. The backreaction of quantum fields on the classical background spacetime manifests as a fluctuation-dissipation relation. 2) Manifestation of stochastic behavior in effective theories below the threshold arising from excitations above. The implication for general relativity is that such Planckian effects, though exponentially suppressed, is in principle detectable at sub-Planckian energies. 3) Decoherence of correlation histories and quantum to classical transition. From Gell-Mann and Hartle's observation that the hydrodynamic variables which obey conservation laws are most readily decohered, one can, in the spirit of Wheeler, view the conserved Bianchi identity obeyed by the Einstein tensor as an indication that general relativity is a hydrodynamic theory of geometry. Many outstanding issues surrounding the transition to general relativity are of a nature similar to hydrodynamics and mesoscopic physics.

B. L. Hu

1996-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

322

Factors controlling reservoir quality in tertiary sandstones and their significance to geopressured geothermal production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Variable intensity of diagenesis is the factor primarily responsible for contrasting regional reservoir quality of Tertiary sandstones from the upper and lower Texas coast. Detailed comparison of Frio sandstone from the Chocolate Bayou/Danbury Dome area, Brazoria County, and Vicksburg sandstones from the McAllen Ranch Field area, Hidalgo County, reveals that extent of diagenetic modification is most strongly influenced by (1) detrital mineralogy and (2) regional geothermal gradients. The regional reservoir quality of Frio sandstones from Brazoria County is far better than that characterizing Vicksburg sandstones from Hidalgo County, especially at depths suitable for geopressured geothermal energy production. However, in predicting reservoir quality on a site-specific basis, locally variable factors such as relative proportions for porosity types, pore geometry as related to permeability, and local depositional environment must also be considered. Even in an area of regionally favorable reservoir quality, such local factors can significantly affect reservoir quality and, hence, the geothermal production potential of a specific sandstone unit.

Loucks, R.G.; Richmann, D.L.; Milliken, K.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Unsuitability of the moving light clock system for the Lorentz factor derivation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The moving light clock system was analyzed with respect to the orientation of the wavefront of the light pulse observed in the moving and stationary frames of reference. The plane wavefront of the light pulse was oriented horizontally in both the frames. The wavefront observed in the stationary frame was not perpendicular to the direction of the light pulse propagation. This showed different characteristics of the light pulse than that assumed in the Lorentz factor derivation. According to the horizontal orientation of the wavefront, velocity c was determined as the vertical component of the light pulse motion observed in the stationary frame. Application of this velocity distribution in the Lorentz factor derivation showed the same travel time for the light pulse observed in the moving and stationary frames of reference. The moving light clock system was therefore found to be unsuitable for the Lorentz factor derivation and illustration of time dilation, and shown to illustrate the relativity of the observation of light rather than the relativity of time.

Tomasz T. Wa?ek

2009-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

324

Disruptive Event Biosphere Doser Conversion Factor Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report was to document the process leading to, and the results of, development of radionuclide-, exposure scenario-, and ash thickness-specific Biosphere Dose Conversion Factors (BDCFs) for the postulated postclosure extrusive igneous event (volcanic eruption) at Yucca Mountain. BDCF calculations were done for seventeen radionuclides. The selection of radionuclides included those that may be significant dose contributors during the compliance period of up to 10,000 years, as well as radionuclides of importance for up to 1 million years postclosure. The approach documented in this report takes into account human exposure during three different phases at the time of, and after, volcanic eruption. Calculations of disruptive event BDCFs used the GENII-S computer code in a series of probabilistic realizations to propagate the uncertainties of input parameters into the output. The pathway analysis included consideration of different exposure pathway's contribution to the BDCFs. BDCFs for volcanic eruption, when combined with the concentration of radioactivity deposited by eruption on the soil surface, allow calculation of potential radiation doses to the receptor of interest. Calculation of radioactivity deposition is outside the scope of this report and so is the transport of contaminated ash from the volcano to the location of the receptor. The integration of the biosphere modeling results (BDCFs) with the outcomes of the other component models is accomplished in the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA), in which doses are calculated to the receptor of interest from radionuclides postulated to be released to the environment from the potential repository at Yucca Mountain.

M. Wasiolek

2000-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

325

Dose factor entry and display tool for BNCT radiotherapy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for use in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) radiotherapy planning where a biological distribution is calculated using a combination of conversion factors and a previously calculated physical distribution. Conversion factors are presented in a graphical spreadsheet so that a planner can easily view and modify the conversion factors. For radiotherapy in multi-component modalities, such as Fast-Neutron and BNCT, it is necessary to combine each conversion factor component to form an effective dose which is used in radiotherapy planning and evaluation. The Dose Factor Entry and Display System is designed to facilitate planner entry of appropriate conversion factors in a straightforward manner for each component. The effective isodose is then immediately computed and displayed over the appropriate background (e.g. digitized image).

Wessol, Daniel E. (Bozeman, MT); Wheeler, Floyd J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Cook, Jeremy L. (Greeley, CO)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Monotonicity of quantum relative entropy and recoverability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relative entropy is a principal measure of distinguishability in quantum information theory, with its most important property being that it is non-increasing under noisy quantum operations. Here, we establish a remainder term for this inequality that quantifies how well one can recover from a loss of information by employing a rotated Petz recovery map. The main approach for proving this refinement is to combine the methods of [Fawzi and Renner, arXiv:1410.0664] with the notion of a relative typical subspace from [Bjelakovic and Siegmund-Schultze, arXiv:quant-ph/0307170]. It remains an open question if the same bound holds for the Petz recovery map (and not merely for a rotated Petz recovery map). A well known result states that the monotonicity of relative entropy under quantum operations is equivalent to any of the following inequalities: strong subadditivity of entropy, concavity of conditional entropy, joint convexity of relative entropy, and monotonicity of relative entropy under partial trace. We show that this equivalence holds true for refinements of all these inequalities in terms of the Petz recovery map. So either all of these refinements are true or all are false.

Mario Berta; Marius Lemm; Mark M. Wilde

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

327

Human Factors for Situation Assessment in Grid Operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive Summary Despite advances in technology, power system operators must assimilate overwhelming amounts of data to keep the grid operating. Analyses of recent blackouts have clearly demonstrated the need to enhance the operator’s situation awareness (SA). The long-term objective of this research is to integrate valuable technologies into the grid operator environment that support decision making under normal and abnormal operating conditions and remove non-technical barriers to enable the optimum use of these technologies by individuals working alone and as a team. More specifically, the research aims to identify methods and principles to increase SA of grid operators in the context of system conditions that are representative or common across many operating entities and develop operationally relevant experimental methods for studying technologies and operational practices which contribute to SA. With increasing complexity and interconnectivity of the grid, the scope and complexity of situation awareness have grown. New paradigms are needed to guide research and tool development aimed to enhance and improve operations. In reviewing related research, operating practices, systems, and tools, the present study established a taxonomy that provides a perspective on research and development surrounding power grid situation awareness and clarifies the field of human factors/SA for grid operations. Information sources that we used to identify critical factors underlying SA included interviews with experienced operational personnel, available historical summaries and transcripts of abnormal conditions and outages (e.g., the August 14, 2003 blackout), scientific literature, and operational policies/procedures and other documentation. Our analysis of August 2003 blackout transcripts and interviews adopted a different perspective than previous analyses of this material, and we complemented this analysis with additional interviews. Based on our analysis and a broad literature review, we advocate a new perspective on SA in terms of sensemaking, also called situated or ecological decision making, where the focus of the investigation is to understand why the decision maker(s) experienced the situation the way they did, or why what they saw made sense to them at the time. This perspective is distinct from the traditional branch of human factors research in the field which focuses more on ergonomics and the transactional relationship between the human operator and the systems. Consistent with our findings from the literature review, we recognized an over-arching need to focus SA research on issues surrounding the concept of shared knowledge; e.g., awareness of what is happening in adjacent areas as well as one’s own area of responsibility. Major findings were: a) Inadequate communication/information sharing is pervasive, b) Information is available, but not used. Many tools and mechanisms exist for operators to build awareness of the physical grid system, yet the transcripts reveal that they still need to call and exchange information with operators of neighboring areas to improve or validate their SA. The specific types of information that they request are quite predictable and, in most cases, cover information that could be available to both operators and reliability coordinators through readily available displays or other data sources, c) Shared Knowledge is Required on Operations/Actions as Well as Physical Status. In an ideal, technologically and organizationally perfect world, every control room and every reliability coordinator may have access to complete data across all regional control areas and yet, there would still be reason for the operators to call each other to gain and improve their SA of power grid operations, and d) Situation Awareness as sensemaking and shared knowledge.

Guttromson, Ross T.; Schur, Anne; Greitzer, Frank L.; Paget, Mia L.

2007-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

328

Electroweak Single Pion Production and Form Factors of the \\Delta(1232) Resonance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend and review our analysis of the nucleon \\to \\Delta(1232) transition electroweak form factors from Ref. [1]. New fit of the \\Delta(1232) vector form factors to electron-proton scattering F_2 structure function is introduced as well, leading to results different from the popular parametrization of Ref. [2]. A clear model dependence of the extracted parameters emerges. Fit to neutrino scattering data is performed in all available isospin channels. The resulting axial mass is M_{A\\Delta}=0.85^{+0.09}_{-0.08} (GeV) and $C_5^A(0) = 1.10^{+0.15}_{-0.14}. The latter value is in accordance with Goldberger-Treiman relation as long as the deuteron effects are included.

Zmuda, Jakub

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Measurement of the generalized form factors near threshold via ?*p ? n?+ at high Q2  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We report the first extraction of the pion-nucleon multipoles near the production threshold for the n?+ channel at relatively high momentum transfer (Q2 up to 4.2 GeV2). The dominance of the s-wave transverse multipole (E0+), expected in this region, allowed us to access the generalized form factor G1 within the light-cone sum rule (LCSR) framework as well as the axial form factor GA. The data analyzed in this work were collected by the nearly 4? CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) using a 5.754-GeV electron beam on a proton target. The differential cross section and the ?-N multipole E0+/GD were measured using two different methods, the LCSR and a direct multipole fit. The results from the two methods are found to be consistent and almost Q2 independent.

Park, K; Adhikari, K P; Adikaram, D; Anghinolfi, M; Baghdasaryan, H; Ball, J; Battaglieri, M; Batourine, V; Bedlinskiy, I; Bennett, R P; Biselli, A S; Bookwalter, C; Boiarinov, S; Branford, D; Briscoe, W J; Brooks, W K; Burkert, V D; Carman, D S; Celentano, A; Chandavar, S; Charles, G; Cole, P L; Contalbrigo, M; Crede, V; D'Angelo, A; Daniel, A; Dashyan, N; De Vita, R; De Sanctis, E; Deur, A; Djalali, C; Doughty, D; Dupre, R; El Alaoui, A; El Fassi, L; Euginio, P; Fedotov, G; Fradi, A; Gabrielyan, M Y; Gevorgyan, N; Gilfoyle, G P; Giovanetti, K L; Girod, F X; Goetz, J T; Gohn, W; Golovatch, E; Graham, L; Griffioen, K A; Guidal, M; Guo, L; Hafidi, K; Hakobyan, H; Hanretty, C; Heddle, D; Hicks, K; Holtrop, M; Ilieva, Y; Ireland, D G; Ishkhanov, B S; Isupov, E L; Jenkins, D; Jo, H S; Joo, K; Khandaker, M; Khertarpal, P; Kim, A; Kim, W; Klein, F J; Kubarovsky, A; Kubarovsky, V; Kuhn, S E; Kuleshov, S V; Kvaltine, N D; Livingston, K; Lu, H Y; MacGregor, J D; Markov, N; Mayer, M; McKinnon, B; Mestayer, M D; Meyer, C A; Mineeva, T; Mirazita, M; Mokeev, V; Moutarde, H; Munevar, E; Nadel-Turonski, P; Nasseripour, R; Niccolai, S; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; Osipenko, M; Ostrovidov, A I; Paolone, M; Pappalardo, L; Paremuzyan, R; Park, S; Anefalos Pereira, S; Phelps, E; Pisano, S; Pogorelko, O; Pozdniakov, S; Price, J W; Procureur, S; Prok, Y; Ricco, G; Rimal, D; Ripani, M; Ritchie, B G; Rosner, G; Rossi, P; Sabati ee, F; Saini, M S; Salgado, C; Schott, D; Schumacher, R A; Seraydaryan, H; Sharabian, Y G; Smith, E S; Smith, G D; Sober, D I; Sokhan, D; Stepanyan, S S; Stepanyan, S; Stoler, P; Strakovsky, I I; Strauch, S; Taiuti, M; Tang, W; Taylor, C E; Tian, Y; Tkachenko, S; Trivedi, A; Ungaro, M; Vernarsky, B; Vlassov, A V; Voutier, E; Watts, D P; Weygand, D P; Wood, M H; Zachariou, N; Zhao, B; Zhao, Z W

2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

330

Barium fluoride whispering-gallery-mode disk-resonator with one billion quality-factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a monolithic optical whispering gallery mode resonator fabricated with barium fluoride (BaF$_2$) with an ultra-high quality ($Q$) factor above $10^9$ at $1550$ nm, and measured with both the linewidth and cavity-ring-down methods. Vertical scanning optical profilometry shows that the root mean square surface roughness of $2$ nm is achieved for our mm-size disk. To the best of our knowledge, we show for the first time that one billion $Q$-factor is achievable by precision polishing in relatively soft crystals with mohs hardness of ~$3$. We show that complex thermo-optical dynamics can take place in these resonators. Beside usual applications in nonlinear optics and microwave photonics, high energy particle scintillation detection utilizing monolithic BaF$_2$ resonators potentially becomes feasible.

Lin, Guoping; Henriet, Rémi; Jacquot, Maxime; Chembo, Yanne K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Adjusting the Thermometer of Race Relations: Physical Warmth Reduces Bias  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semin, G. R. (2009). The thermometer of social relations:Adjusting the Thermometer of Race Relations: Physical Warmth2012 Adjusting the Thermometer of Race Relations: Physical

Breines, Juliana

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A New Relation between Lamb Shift Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a new relation between the observed Lamb shift energies of hydrogen and muonium atoms. The relation is based on the non-relativistic description of the Lamb shift, and the proper treatment of the reduced mass of electron and target particles (proton and muon) leads to the new formula which is expressed as $\\displaystyle{{\\Delta E^{(H)}_{2s_{1/2}}\\over \\Delta E^{(\\mu)}_{2s_{1/2}}} =({1+{m_e\\over m_\\mu}\\over 1+{m_e\\over M_p}})^3}$. This relation achieves an excellent agreement with experiment and presents an important QED test free from the cutoff momentum $\\Lambda$.

Hiroaki Kubo; Takehisa Fujita; Naohiro Kanda; Hiroshi Kato; Yasunori Munakata; Sachiko Oshima; Kazuhiro Tsuda

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

333

Billing Factors for Operating Reserves September 30, 2014  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

are effective on October 1, 2014. This implements the FERC approved standard BAL-002-WECC-2. Operating Reserve - Spinning Reserve: The Billing Factor for the rates specified in...

334

QCD Factorization for heavy quarkonium production at collider energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk, I briefly review several models of the heavy quarkonium production at collider energies, and discuss the status of QCD factorization for these production models.

Jian-Wei Qiu

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

335

Understanding Free and Complexed Enzyme Mechanisms and Factors...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Understanding Free and Complexed Enzyme Mechanisms and Factors Contributing to Cell Wall Recalcitrance (Presentation) Re-direct Destination: Fungal free enzymes and bacterial...

336

anthracis lethal factor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B -> K Jpsi data to extract a set of parameters which give the relevant hadronic matrix elements in terms of factorized amplitudes. Various sources of theoretical uncertainties...

337

alfa como factor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B -> K Jpsi data to extract a set of parameters which give the relevant hadronic matrix elements in terms of factorized amplitudes. Various sources of theoretical uncertainties...

338

Optimization Online - A Factorization with Update Procedures for a ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 11, 2009 ... A Factorization with Update Procedures for a KKT Matrix Arising in Direct Optimal Control. Christian Kirches (christian.kirches ***at*** ...

Christian Kirches

2009-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

339

Article Published on LED Lumen Maintenance and Light Loss Factors...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of a comprehensive lifetime rating - as well as the problematic relationship between SSL lifetime and lumen maintenance - determining an appropriate LLD factor for LED products...

340

Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry 2004...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors: Free Space and Medium Modifications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We review recent developments in the study of electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon, both in free space and in the nuclear medium. For the free nucleon case, we discuss the ratio of electric to magnetic proton form factors, and the influence of two-photon exchange on the form factor extraction. For the bound nucleon, we examine the implications of the small but non-zero modification of proton form factors in the nuclear medium suggested by recent data on polarized proton knockout reactions off He-4, and discuss constraints which it could place on models of the nuclear EMC effect.

Wally Melnitchouk

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

apoptosis inducing factor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

independent cathepsins tumor necrosis factor Lasse Foghsgaard; Dorte Wissing; Daniel Mauch; Ulrik Lademann; Lone Bastholm; Marianne Boes; Folmer Elling; Marcel Leist;...

343

Factors Affecting the Battery Performance of Anthraquinone-based...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Affecting the Battery Performance of Anthraquinone-based Organic Cathode Materials. Factors Affecting the Battery Performance of Anthraquinone-based Organic Cathode Materials....

344

Analysis of Factors Affecting Motorcycle-Motor Vehicle Crash Characteristics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??As everybody knows, there are many traffic crashes happening every day. Traffic crashes may result in injury, death, and property damage. A number of factors… (more)

Zhu, Di

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

The organization of F-actin and microtubules in growth cones exposed to a brain-derived collapsing factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. In previous work we characterized a brain derived collapsing factor that induces the collapse of dorsal root ganglion growth cones in culture (Raper and Kapfhammer, 1990). To determine how the growth cone cytoskeleton is rearranged during collapse, we have compared the distributions of F-actin and microtubules in normal and partially collapsed growth cones. The relative concentration of F-actin as compared to all proteins can be measured in growth cones by ratioing the intensity of rhodamine-phalloidin staining of F-actin to the intensity of a general protein stain. The relative concentration of F-actin is decreased by about one half in growth cones exposed to collapsing factor for five minutes, a time at which they are just beginning to collapse. During this period the relative concentration of F-actin in the leading edges of growth cones decreases dramatically while the concentration of F-actin in the centers decreases little. These results suggest that collapse is associ-ated with a net loss of F-actin at the leading edge. The distributions of microtubules in normal and collapsing factor treated growth cones were examined with antibodies to tyrosinated and detyrosinated isoforms of a-tubulin. The tyrosinated form is found in newly polymerized microtubules while the detyrosinated form is not. The relative proximal-distal distributions of these isoforms are not altered during collapse, suggesting that rates of microtubule polymerization and depolymerization are not greatly affected by the presence of collapsing factor. An analysis of the distributions of microtubules before and after collapse suggests that microtubules are rearranged, but their polymerization state is unaffected during collapse. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the brain derived collapsing factor has little effect on microtubule polymerization or depolymerization. Instead it appears to induce a net loss of F-actin at the leading edge of the growth cone.

Jinhong Fan; S. Gary Mansfield; Tim Redmond; Phillip R. Gordon-weeks; Jonathan A. Raper

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Physical and biological factors determining the effective proton range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Proton radiotherapy is rapidly becoming a standard treatment option for cancer. However, even though experimental data show an increase of the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) with depth, particularly at the distal end of the treatment field, a generic RBE of 1.1 is currently used in proton radiotherapy. This discrepancy might affect the effective penetration depth of the proton beam and thus the dose to the surrounding tissue and organs at risk. The purpose of this study was thus to analyze the impact of a tissue and dose dependent RBE of protons on the effective range of the proton beam in comparison to the range based on a generic RBE of 1.1.Methods: Factors influencing the biologically effective proton range were systematically analyzed by means of treatment planning studies using the Local Effect Model (LEM IV) and the treatment planning software TRiP98. Special emphasis was put on the comparison of passive and active range modulation techniques.Results: Beam energy, tissue type, and dose level significantly affected the biological extension of the treatment field at the distal edge. Up to 4 mm increased penetration depth as compared to the depth based on a constant RBE of 1.1. The extension of the biologically effective range strongly depends on the initial proton energy used for the most distal layer of the field and correlates with the width of the distal penumbra. Thus, the range extension, in general, was more pronounced for passive as compared to active range modulation systems, whereas the maximum RBE was higher for active systems.Conclusions: The analysis showed that the physical characteristics of the proton beam in terms of the width of the distal penumbra have a great impact on the RBE gradient and thus also the biologically effective penetration depth of the beam.

Grün, Rebecca [Department of Biophysics, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt 64291 (Germany) [Department of Biophysics, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt 64291 (Germany); Institute of Medical Physics and Radiation Protection, University of Applied Sciences Gießen, Gießen 35390 (Germany); Medical Faculty of Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg 35032 (Germany); Friedrich, Thomas; Krämer, Michael; Scholz, Michael [Department of Biophysics, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt 64291 (Germany)] [Department of Biophysics, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt 64291 (Germany); Zink, Klemens [Institute of Medical Physics and Radiation Protection, University of Applied Sciences Gießen, Gießen 35390, Germany and Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Giessen and Marburg, Marburg 35043 (Germany)] [Institute of Medical Physics and Radiation Protection, University of Applied Sciences Gießen, Gießen 35390, Germany and Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Giessen and Marburg, Marburg 35043 (Germany); Durante, Marco [Department of Biophysics, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt 64291, Germany and Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt 64289 (Germany)] [Department of Biophysics, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt 64291, Germany and Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt 64289 (Germany); Engenhart-Cabillic, Rita [Medical Faculty of Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg 35032, Germany and Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Giessen and Marburg, Marburg 35043 (Germany)] [Medical Faculty of Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg 35032, Germany and Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Giessen and Marburg, Marburg 35043 (Germany)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Fish under influence: a macroecological analysis of relations between fish species richness and environmental gradients among European tidal estuaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fish under influence: a macroecological analysis of relations between fish species richness Estuarine fish assemblages are subject to a great environmental variability that largely depends on both a macroecological approach aiming to identify the main environmental factors that structure fish assemblages among

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

348

Department of Energy Labor Relations and Standards  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The change would be to remove Chapter I, Labor Relations, and Chapter II Labor Standards from DOE O 350.1 and develop DOE O DOE O 350.3, which will cancel and supersede Chapters I and II in DOE O 350.1. Content of the two chapters will be updated to reflect the Secretarial determination transferring functions for contractor labor relations and labor standards from the Office of Legacy Management to the Office of General Counsel. CRDs for those chapters will also be removed.

2014-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

349

Centrifugal separator devices, systems and related methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Centrifugal separator devices, systems and related methods are described. More particularly, fluid transfer connections for a centrifugal separator system having support assemblies with a movable member coupled to a connection tube and coupled to a fixed member, such that the movable member is constrained to movement along a fixed path relative to the fixed member are described. Also, centrifugal separator systems including such fluid transfer connections are described. Additionally, methods of installing, removing and/or replacing centrifugal separators from centrifugal separator systems are described.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocatello, ID); Garn, Troy G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Macaluso, Lawrence L. (Carson City, NV)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

350

Institutional directory: Climate-related impacts network  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The institutional directory of groups, centers, institutes, and individuals involved in climate-related impacts research is an update of the initial network directory issued in 1985. The original directory had 26 listings; now there are about 160. The directory will be useful in maintaining a vital climate-related impacts research community and in establishing linkages among researchers and institutions. The directory was compiled by sending a questionnaire to all North American recipients of the Network Newsletter and assembling the information from those who responded.

Krenz, M.E.; Stewart, D.J.; Chavez, B.G.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Climate-development-energy policy related seminars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paula Kivimaa (Finnish Environment Institute) From energy to climate policy in Finland Energy & climate Energy & Climate Tue 3rd Dec 18.00- 19.30 Large Jubilee Jeremy Leggett (SolarCentury) The EnergyClimate-development-energy policy related seminars Autumn term 2013 Date Time Location Speaker

Sussex, University of

352

Department of Media Relations Carnegie Mellon University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and performance, and provides a view into the passion and diversity of the original Riot Grrrl movement collective Pussy Riot's protest against corrupt government-church relations to the popular teen website past. By representing numerous voices and experiences, rather than outlining one single definitive

353

Review article Tomato fruit quality in relation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review article Tomato fruit quality in relation to water and carbon fluxes Soraya GUICHARDa, Nadia in the formation of tomato fruit quality. This approach has provided new insights that help in understanding and controlling some of the major variables of fruit quality. Variations in the concentration of dry matter

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

354

N000149510521 Estimating Relative Vehicle Motions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CAR­TR­881 CS­TR­3882 N00014­95­1­0521 March 1998 Estimating Relative Vehicle Motions in Traffic for Automation Research University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742­3275 2 Computer Science Department George of Technology Haifa, Israel 32000 Abstract Autonomous operation of a vehicle on a road calls for understanding

Markovitch, Shaul

355

Special Relativity in Quantum Phase Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A phase space treatment of special relativity of quantum systems is developed. In this approach a quantum particle remains localized if subject to inertial transformations, the localization occurring in a finite phase space area. Unlike non-relativistic transformations, relativistic transformations generally distort the phase space distribution function, being equivalent to aberrations in optics.

Daniela Dragoman

2008-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

356

Extraction and Analysis of Facebook Friendship Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 12 Extraction and Analysis of Facebook Friendship Relations Salvatore Catanese, Pasquale De and Social scientists. We present our long-term research effort in analyzing Facebook, the largest and arguably most successful OSN today: it gathers more than 500 million users. Access to data about Facebook

Ferrara, Emilio

357

Closed timelike curves in general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many solutions of Einstein's field equations contain closed timelike curves (CTC). Some of these solutions refer to ordinary materials in situations which might occur in the laboratory, or in astrophysics. It is argued that, in default of a reasonable interpretation of CTC, general relativity does not give a satisfactory account of all phenomena within its terms of reference.

W. B. Bonnor

2002-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

358

Gravitation and Special Relativity D. H. Sattinger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Maxwell's equations for gravitation, based on a mathematical proof of Faraday's Law, is presentedGravitation and Special Relativity D. H. Sattinger Department of Mathematics University of Arizona of the perturbation theory of Ein- stein's equations, puts the gravitational and electromagnetic fields on an equal

Zakharov, Vladimir

359

Recent QCD-related results from ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this presentation I will give a review of QCD-related results obtained and published by ATLAS. I will cover measurement results constraining parton distribution functions, soft and hard partonic resummation, higher order matrix element calculations, their matching to parton shower, and vector boson plus heavy flavor jets.

Beauchemin, Pierre-Hugues; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

6, 1120911246, 2006 Relation of air mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are formed via gas phase condensation, and 11210 #12;ACPD 6, 11209­11246, 2006 Relation of air mass history to nucleation events in Po Valley, Italy, using back trajectories analysis L. Sogacheva 1 , A. Hamed 2 , M. C of air mass to San Pietro Capofiume (SPC) in Po Valley, Italy, by means of back trajectory analysis. Our

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Parametric Estimation of Harmonically Related Sinusoids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mud-pulse telemetry is a method used for measurement-while-drilling (MWD)in the oil industry. The telemetry signals are corrupted by spurious mud pump noise consisting of a large number of harmonically related sinusoids. In order to denoise...

Dixit, Richa

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Relative deprivation and social movement participation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Zelditch (1964) provide an illustration of the relative deprivation concept; Ego and Alter have the same income. Ego, hower, has a "lower ethnic rank" than Alter, Ego tries to interact with Alter, but is rebuffed. When Ego compares himself with Alter...

Glasgow, Doris Wyette

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Rotating figures of equilibrium in General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A generalization of the notion of surfaces of revolution in the spaces of General Relativity is presented. We apply this definition to the case of Carter's family [A] of solutions and we study the Kerr's metric with respect the above mentioned foliation.

T. Papakostas

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Fuzzy Mathematics Fuzzy -Sets, -Relations, -Logic, -Graphs,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy Mathematics Fuzzy -Sets, -Relations, -Logic, -Graphs, -Mappings and The Extension Principle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2 The Extension Principle 10 3 Fuzzy Graphs 16 4 Fuzzy Logic 19 Back View #12;Section 1: Fuzzy Olaf Wolkenhauer Control Systems Centre UMIST o.wolkenhauer@umist.ac.uk www

Rostock, Universität

365

Recursion relations, Helicity Amplitudes and Dimensional Regularization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the method of on-shell recursion relations we compute tree level amplitudes including D-dimensional scalars and fermions. These tree level amplitudes are needed for calculations of one-loop amplitudes in QCD involving external quarks and gluons.

Quigley, C; Quigley, Callum; Rozali, Moshe

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

A FIRST LOOK AT THE EMPIRICAL RELATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deregulation of the electric utility industry in many parts of the United States has created a competitiveA FIRST LOOK AT THE EMPIRICAL RELATION BETWEEN SPOT AND FUTURES ELECTRICITY PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES HANY A. SHAWKY* ACHLA MARATHE CHRISTOPHER L. BARRETT In this article we investigate

Marathe, Achla

367

A Multi-institutional Study of Factors Influencing the Use of Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Brain Metastases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain metastases is a relatively well-studied technology with established guidelines regarding patient selection, although its implementation is technically complex. We evaluated the extent to which local availability of SRS affected the treatment of patients with brain metastases. Methods and Materials: We identified 3030 patients who received whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) for brain metastases in 1 of 7 cancer centers in Ontario. Clinical data were abstracted for a random sample of 973 patients. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with the use of SRS as a boost within 4 months following WBRT or at any time following WBRT. Results: Of 898 patients eligible for analysis, SRS was provided to 70 (7.8%) patients at some time during the course of their disease and to 34 (3.8%) patients as a boost following WBRT. In multivariable analyses, factors significantly associated with the use of SRS boost following WBRT were fewer brain metastases (odds ratio [OR] = 6.50), controlled extracranial disease (OR = 3.49), age (OR = 0.97 per year of advancing age), and the presence of an on-site SRS program at the hospital where WBRT was given (OR = 12.34; all P values were <.05). Similarly, availability of on-site SRS was the factor most predictive of the use of SRS at any time following WBRT (OR = 5.98). Among patients with 1-3 brain metastases, good/fair performance status, and no evidence of active extracranial disease, SRS was provided to 40.3% of patients who received WBRT in a hospital that had an on-site SRS program vs 3.0% of patients who received WBRT at a hospital without SRS (P<.01). Conclusions: The availability of on-site SRS is the factor most strongly associated with the provision of this treatment to patients with brain metastases and appears to be more influential than accepted clinical eligibility factors.

Hodgson, David C., E-mail: David.Hodgson@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Charpentier, Anne-Marie [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Cigsar, Candemir; Atenafu, Eshetu G. [Department of Biostatistics, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Department of Biostatistics, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Ng, Angela [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Bahl, Guarav [Department of Radiation Oncology, Nova Scotia Cancer Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Nova Scotia Cancer Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada); Zadeh, Gelareh [Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); San Miguel, John [Stronach Regional Cancer Centre, Newmarket, Ontario (Canada)] [Stronach Regional Cancer Centre, Newmarket, Ontario (Canada); Menard, Cynthia [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The integration of Human Factors (HF) in the SAR process training course text  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This text provides the technical basis for a two-day course on human factors (HF), as applied to the Safety Analysis Report (SAR) process. The overall objective of this text and course is to: provide the participant with a working knowledge of human factors-related requirements, suggestions for doing a human safety analysis applying a graded approach, and an ability to demonstrate using the results of the human safety analysis, that human factors elements as defined by DOE (human factors engineering, procedures, training, oversight, staffing, qualifications), can support wherever necessary, nuclear safety commitments in the SAR. More specifically, the objectives of the text and course are: (1) To provide the SAR preparer with general guidelines for doing HE within the context of a graded approach for the SAR; (2) To sensitize DOE facility managers and staff, safety analysts and SAR preparers, independent reviewers, and DOE reviewers and regulators, to DOE Order 5480.23 requirements for HE in the SAR; (3) To provide managers, analysts, reviewers and regulators with a working knowledge of HE concepts and techniques within the context of a graded approach for the SAR, and (4) To provide SAR managers and DOE reviewers and regulators with general guidelines for monitoring and coordinating the work of preparers of HE inputs throughout the SAR process, and for making decisions regarding the safety relevance of HE inputs to the SAR. As a ready reference for implementing the human factors requirements of DOE Order 5480.22 and DOE Standard 3009-94, this course text and accompanying two-day course are intended for all persons who are involved in the SAR.

Ryan, T.G.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Linear regression analysis of emissions factors when firing fossil fuels and biofuels in a commercial water-tube boiler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper compares the emissions factors for a suite of liquid biofuels (three animal fats, waste restaurant grease, pressed soybean oil, and a biodiesel produced from soybean oil) and four fossil fuels (i.e., natural gas, No. 2 fuel oil, No. 6 fuel oil, and pulverized coal) in Penn State's commercial water-tube boiler to assess their viability as fuels for green heat applications. The data were broken into two subsets, i.e., fossil fuels and biofuels. The regression model for the liquid biofuels (as a subset) did not perform well for all of the gases. In addition, the coefficient in the models showed the EPA method underestimating CO and NOx emissions. No relation could be studied for SO{sub 2} for the liquid biofuels as they contain no sulfur; however, the model showed a good relationship between the two methods for SO{sub 2} in the fossil fuels. AP-42 emissions factors for the fossil fuels were also compared to the mass balance emissions factors and EPA CFR Title 40 emissions factors. Overall, the AP-42 emissions factors for the fossil fuels did not compare well with the mass balance emissions factors or the EPA CFR Title 40 emissions factors. Regression analysis of the AP-42, EPA, and mass balance emissions factors for the fossil fuels showed a significant relationship only for CO{sub 2} and SO{sub 2}. However, the regression models underestimate the SO{sub 2} emissions by 33%. These tests illustrate the importance in performing material balances around boilers to obtain the most accurate emissions levels, especially when dealing with biofuels. The EPA emissions factors were very good at predicting the mass balance emissions factors for the fossil fuels and to a lesser degree the biofuels. While the AP-42 emissions factors and EPA CFR Title 40 emissions factors are easier to perform, especially in large, full-scale systems, this study illustrated the shortcomings of estimation techniques. 23 refs., 3 figs., 8 tabs.

Sharon Falcone Miller; Bruce G. Miller [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (United States). Energy Institute

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Modification of chemical and physical factors in steamflood to increase heavy oil recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers work performed in the area related to the physicochemical factors for the improvement of the oil recovery efficiency in steamfloods. In this context, three general areas are studied: (1) The understanding of vapor-liquid flow in porous media, whether the flow is internal (boiling), external (steam injection) or countercurrent (as in vertical heat pipes). (2) The effect of reservoir heterogeneity, particularly as it regards fractured systems and long and narrow reservoirs (which are typical of oil reservoirs). (3) The flow properties of additives for the improvement of recovery efficiency, in particular the properties of foams.

Yortsos, Y.C.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

GPU-based relative fuzzy connectedness image segmentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose:Recently, clinical radiological research and practice are becoming increasingly quantitative. Further, images continue to increase in size and volume. For quantitative radiology to become practical, it is crucial that image segmentation algorithms and their implementations are rapid and yield practical run time on very large data sets. The purpose of this paper is to present a parallel version of an algorithm that belongs to the family of fuzzy connectedness (FC) algorithms, to achieve an interactive speed for segmenting large medical image data sets. Methods: The most common FC segmentations, optimizing an Script-Small-L {sub {infinity}}-based energy, are known as relative fuzzy connectedness (RFC) and iterative relative fuzzy connectedness (IRFC). Both RFC and IRFC objects (of which IRFC contains RFC) can be found via linear time algorithms, linear with respect to the image size. The new algorithm, P-ORFC (for parallel optimal RFC), which is implemented by using NVIDIA's Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) platform, considerably improves the computational speed of the above mentioned CPU based IRFC algorithm. Results: Experiments based on four data sets of small, medium, large, and super data size, achieved speedup factors of 32.8 Multiplication-Sign , 22.9 Multiplication-Sign , 20.9 Multiplication-Sign , and 17.5 Multiplication-Sign , correspondingly, on the NVIDIA Tesla C1060 platform. Although the output of P-ORFC need not precisely match that of IRFC output, it is very close to it and, as the authors prove, always lies between the RFC and IRFC objects. Conclusions: A parallel version of a top-of-the-line algorithm in the family of FC has been developed on the NVIDIA GPUs. An interactive speed of segmentation has been achieved, even for the largest medical image data set. Such GPU implementations may play a crucial role in automatic anatomy recognition in clinical radiology.

Zhuge Ying; Ciesielski, Krzysztof C.; Udupa, Jayaram K.; Miller, Robert W. [Radiation Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States); Department of Mathematics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States) and Medical Image Processing Group, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States); Medical Image Processing Group, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States); Radiation Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Multi-Factor Energy Price Models Exotic Derivatives Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-Factor Energy Price Models and Exotic Derivatives Pricing by Samuel Hikspoors A thesis of Statistics University of Toronto c Copyright by Samuel Hikspoors 2008 #12;Multi-Factor Energy Price Models and practitioners alike recently started to develop the tools of energy derivatives pricing

Jaimungal, Sebastian

373

Human Factors Aspects of Power System Flow Animation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into utility control centers. For example, [1] and [2] describe the on-line usage of animated flows, voltageHuman Factors Aspects of Power System Flow Animation Douglas A. Wiegmann, Gavin R. Essenberg flow information, including transmission line MW flow and power transfer distribution factor (PTDF

374

Nucleon Form Factors experiments with 12 GeV CEBAF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of precision form factor experiments at high momentum transfer will be performed with the 11 GeV electron beam of CEBAF. We review the approved proposals and the conceptual schemes of several new suggestions. Form factor data will serve as a major input for the construction of a tomographic image of the nucleon.

Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

INNOVATION AS A FACTOR (DETERMINANT) FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INNOVATION AS A FACTOR (DETERMINANT) FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF SMES IN THE KNOWLEDGE, e-mail: stryjski@post.pl, e-mail: j.patalas@iizp.uz.zgora.pl, 3 Brandenburg University of Technology development of SMES are presented. Consequently, the innovation in SMEs as the one of the factor

376

Heavy quark impact factor for the LHC phenomenology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We comment on the calculation of the finite part of the heavy quark impact factor at next-to-leading logarithmic (NLx) accuracy. The result is presented in a form suitable for phenomenological studies such as the calculation of the cross-section for single heavy quark production at the LHC within the kT-factorization scheme.

Grigorios Chachamis; Michal Deak; German Rodrigo

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

377

HighPerformance Library Software for QR Factorization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

factorization. Using recursion leads us to a natural way to choose the k­way aggregating Householder transform604e node. Keywords: Serial and parallel library software, QR factorization, recur­ sion, register utilize the memory hierarchy is the key to high performance on uniprocessors as well as on SMP systems

Elmroth, Erik

378

FRIGERATION OF FISH -PART 3 FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRIGERATION OF FISH - PART 3 FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE FREEZING AND COLD STORAGE. REFRIGERATION OF FISH - PART THREE FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE FREEZING AND COLD STORAGE OF FISHERY PRODUCTS Taking Place During Cold Storage of Fish Section 3 - Protective Coverings for Frozen Fish · · Pages 1

379

Scaling Factor Inconsistencies in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The modern theory of neutrinoless double beta decay includes a scaling factor that has often been treated inconsistently in the literature. The nuclear contribution to the decay half life can be suppressed by 15-20% when scaling factors are mismatched. Correspondingly, $$ is overestimated.

S. Cowell

2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

380

Appendix II. Calculation of Slope Factors for Naturally Occurring Radionuclides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appendix II. Calculation of Slope Factors for Naturally Occurring Radionuclides In developing calculates the slope factors for the naturally occurring radionuclides under consideration. The Radionuclide products with half-lives of less than 6 months). As explained below, naturally occurring radionuclides

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Scaling factor inconsistencies in neutrinoless double beta decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The modern theory of neutrinoless double beta decay includes a scaling factor that has often been treated inconsistently in the literature. The nuclear contribution to the decay half-life can be suppressed by 15%-20% when scaling factors are mismatched. Correspondingly, is overestimated.

Cowell, S. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Diagnostic relapse in Borderline Personality Disorder: risk and protective factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIAGNOSTIC RELAPSE IN BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER: RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS A Dissertation by BRIAN DAVID QUIGLEY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2003 Major Subject: Psychology DIAGNOSTIC RELAPSE IN BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER: RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS A Dissertation by BRIAN DAVID QUIGLEY...

Quigley, Brian David

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Agronomic and environmental factors influence weed composition and canola competitiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agronomic and environmental factors influence weed composition and canola competitiveness. C. 2006. Agronomic and environmental factors influence weed composition and canola competitiveness in southern Manitoba. Can. J. Plant Sci. 86: 591­599. Canola yield in Manitoba has reached a plateau in recent

Kenkel, Norm

384

Wildland fire emissions, carbon, and climate: Emission factors Shawn Urbanski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wildland fire emissions, carbon, and climate: Emission factors Shawn Urbanski Missoula Fire burning Greenhouse gases Emission factors a b s t r a c t While the vast majority of carbon emitted wildland fire greenhouse gas and aerosol (organic aerosol (OA) and black carbon (BC)) emission inventories

385

Gray, W. D. (2003). Cognitive factors in homeland defense: The role of human factors in the novel intelligence from massive data (NIMD) project, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (pp. 1017-1018). Santa Monica, CA: Human  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intelligence from massive data (NIMD) project, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (pp. 1017-1018). Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. COGNITIVE FACTORS IN HOMELAND DEFENSE: THE ROLE

Gray, Wayne

386

Analysis of IFR driver fuel hot channel factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal-hydraulic uncertainty factors for Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) driver fuels have been determined based primarily on the database obtained from the predecessor fuels used in the IFR prototype, Experimental Breeder Reactor II. The uncertainty factors were applied to the channel factors (HCFs) analyses to obtain separate overall HCFs for fuel and cladding for steady-state analyses. A ``semistatistical horizontal method`` was used in the HCFs analyses. The uncertainty factor of the fuel thermal conductivity dominates the effects considered in the HCFs analysis; the uncertainty in fuel thermal conductivity will be reduced as more data are obtained to expand the currently limited database for the IFR ternary metal fuel (U-20Pu-10Zr). A set of uncertainty factors to be used for transient analyses has also been derived.

Ku, J.Y.; Chang, L.K.; Mohr, D.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Enhancement of the efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cell with multi-wall carbon nanotubes/polypyrrole composite counter electrodes prepared by electrophoresis/electrochemical polymerization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: The overall energy conversion efficiency of the DSSC employing the MWCNT/PPy CE reached 3.78%. Compared with a reference DSSC using single MWCNT film CE with efficiency of 2.68%, the energy conversion efficiency was increased by 41.04%. Highlights: ? MWCNT/PPy composite film prepared by electrodeposition layer by layer was used as counter electrode in DSSC. ? The overall energy conversion efficiency of the DSSC was 3.78% by employing the composite film. ? The energy conversion efficiency increased by 41.04% compared with efficiency of 2.68% by using the single MWCNT film. ? We analyzed the mechanism and influence factor of electron transfer in the composite electrode by EIS. - Abstract: For the purpose of replacing the precious Pt counter electrode in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with higher energy conversion efficiency, multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/polypyrrole (PPy) double layers film counter electrode (CE) was fabricated by electrophoresis and cyclic voltammetry (CV) layer by layer. Atom force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) demonstrated the morphologies of the composite electrode and Raman spectroscopy verified the PPy had come into being. The overall energy conversion efficiency of the DSSC employing the MWCNT/PPy CE reached 3.78%. Compared with a reference DSSC using single MWCNT film CE with efficiency of 2.68%, the energy conversion efficiency was increased by 41.04%. The result of impedance showed that the charge transfer resistance R{sub ct} of the MWCNT/PPy CE had the lowest value compared to that of MWCNT or PPy electrode. These results indicate that the composite film with high conductivity, high active surface area, and good catalytic properties for I{sub 3}{sup ?} reduction can potentially be used as the CE in a high-performance DSSC.

Luo, Jun; Niu, Hai-jun; Wen, Hai-lin [Key Laboratory of Functional Inorganic Material Chemistry (Heilongjiang University), Ministry of Education, Department of Macromolecular Material and Engineering, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150086 (China); Wu, Wen-jun; Zhao, Ping [Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Institute of Fine Chemicals, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 (China); Wang, Cheng; Bai, Xu-duo [Key Laboratory of Functional Inorganic Material Chemistry (Heilongjiang University), Ministry of Education, Department of Macromolecular Material and Engineering, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150086 (China); Wang, Wen, E-mail: haijunniu@hotmail.com [School of Material Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150080 (China)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Formation of algae growth constitutive relations for improved algae modeling.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This SAND report summarizes research conducted as a part of a two year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project to improve our abilities to model algal cultivation. Algae-based biofuels have generated much excitement due to their potentially large oil yield from relatively small land use and without interfering with the food or water supply. Algae mitigate atmospheric CO2 through metabolism. Efficient production of algal biofuels could reduce dependence on foreign oil by providing a domestic renewable energy source. Important factors controlling algal productivity include temperature, nutrient concentrations, salinity, pH, and the light-to-biomass conversion rate. Computational models allow for inexpensive predictions of algae growth kinetics in these non-ideal conditions for various bioreactor sizes and geometries without the need for multiple expensive measurement setups. However, these models need to be calibrated for each algal strain. In this work, we conduct a parametric study of key marine algae strains and apply the findings to a computational model.

Gharagozloo, Patricia E.; Drewry, Jessica L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The effects of growth factors on testicular germ cell apoptosis in the stallion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recombinant growth factors, stem cell factor (SCF), leukemia inhibiting factor (LIF), granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and one hormone, estradiol (E?), alone or in combination, to prevent apoptosis of germ cells in short-term equine...

Donnelly, Casey Leanne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

390

FOCUS ISSUE: Nonlinear dynamics related to polymeric systems Overview: Nonlinear dynamics related to polymeric systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOCUS ISSUE: Nonlinear dynamics related to polymeric systems Overview: Nonlinear dynamics related to polymeric systems Irving R. Epstein Department of Chemistry, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts is known about nonlinear phenom- ena in polymeric systems. One reason for the lack of interest in nonlinear

Epstein, Irving R.

391

Methane-related authigenic carbonates from the Black Sea: geochemical characterisation and relation to seeping fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methane-related authigenic carbonates from the Black Sea: geochemical characterisation and relation of carbon derived from the anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM), the oxidation of organic matter and from sea water. Methane is the dominant component among other hydrocarbon gases in these sediments. Its

Mazzini, Adriano

392

Modelling anisotropic fluid spheres in general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that an arbitrary general relativistic anisotropic fluid sphere, (spherically symmetric but with transverse pressure not equal to radial pressure), can nevertheless be successfully modelled by suitable linear combinations of quite ordinary classical matter: an isotropic perfect fluid, a classical electromagnetic field, and a classical (minimally coupled) scalar field. While the most general decomposition is not unique, a preferred minimal decomposition can be constructed that is unique. We show how the classical energy conditions for the anisotropic fluid sphere can be related to energy conditions for the isotropic perfect fluid, electromagnetic field, and scalar field components of the model. Furthermore we show how this decomposition relates to the distribution of electric charge density and scalar charge density throughout the model that is used to mimic the anisotropic fluid sphere. Consequently, we can build physically reasonable matter models for almost any spherically symmetric spacetime.

Boonserm, Petarpa; Visser, Matt

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Online Load Balancing for Related Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of entire schedule s as follows: load(s; i) = 1 v i X s(j)=i p j ; Load(s) = max i load(s; i) It is easyOn­line Load Balancing for Related Machines Piotr Berman \\Lambda Moses Charikar y Marek Karpinski z­line load balancing was studied extensively over the years (cf., e.g., [7], [3], [4], and [2

Karpinski, Marek

394

No time machines in classical general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Irrespective of local conditions imposed on the metric, any extendible spacetime U has a maximal extension containing no closed causal curves outside the chronological past of U. We prove this fact and interpret it as impossibility (in classical general relativity) of the time machines, insofar as the latter are defined to be causality-violating regions created by human beings (as opposed to those appearing spontaneously).

S. Krasnikov

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

395

Monotonicity of a relative Rényi entropy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that a recent definition of relative Rényi entropy is monotone under completely positive, trace preserving maps. This proves a recent conjecture of Müller-Lennert et al. [“On quantum Rényi entropies: A new definition, some properties,” J. Math. Phys. 54, 122203 (2013); e-print http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142v1 ; see also e-print http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142 ].

Frank, Rupert L., E-mail: rlfrank@caltech.edu [Mathematics 253-37, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Lieb, Elliott H., E-mail: lieb@princeton.edu [Departments of Mathematics and Physics, Princeton University, Washington Road, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

Related Financial Opportunities | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromComments on NBPSiting GuidelinesFinancial Opportunities » Related

397

Rice Supply, Demand and Related Government Programs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 percent of the world's rice, but is the third largest exporter of rice. The United States depends on export markets to absorb roughly half of the domestic production of rice: domestic disappearance accounts for only about half of total production.... The ratio of total disappearance to total supply indicates that rice stocks were disposed of through domestic and export channels in proper relation to total production until the 1954-55 crops. Surplus rice stocks beginning with the 1954 crop resulted from...

Kincannon, John A.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Indoor Environmental Risk Factors for Occupant Symptoms in 100U.S. Office Buildings: Summary of Three Analyses from the EPA BASEStudy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes three analyses of data on building-related environmental factors and occupant symptoms collected from 100 representative large U.S. office buildings. Using multivariate logistic regression models, we found increased occupant symptoms associated with a number of building-related factors, including lower ventilation rates even at the current guideline levels, lack of scheduled cleaning for air-conditioning drain pans and cooling coils, poor condition of cooling coils, poorly maintained humidification systems, and lower outdoor air intake height. Some expected relationships were not found, and several findings were opposite of expected. Although requiring replication, these findings suggest preventive actions to reduce occupant symptoms in office buildings.

Mendell, M.J.; Lei-Gomez, Q.; Cozen, M.; Brightman, H.S.; Apte,M.; Erdmann, C.A.; Brunner, G.; Girman, J.R.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

The Ocean and Coastal Economy: A Summary of Statistics For more information, please contact PPI.SocialSci@noaa.gov, see page 3 for pocket version  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Offshore Mineral Resources · Tourism and Recreation When to Use: Use Ocean Economy statistics to describe Counties were considered as an individual country, they would rank #3 in global GDP (behind only the U

400

Enantioselective Addition of Amines to Ketenes Catalyzed by a Planar-Chiral Derivative of PPY: Possible Intervention of Chiral Brnsted-Acid Catalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The catalytic asymmetric addition of nucleophiles to ketenes represents an attractive strategy for the synthesis studies, we determined that pyrroles do not react at room temperature with ketenes such as phenyl ethyl of enantiopure 1 and an appropriate pyrrole, the N-acylpyrrole can be generated in high enantiomeric excess

Fu, Gregory C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Improved Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with p-Toluenesulfonic Acid-Doped Co-PPy/C as Cathode Electrocatalyst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with altering surface, plenty of pyrrole-type N atoms, high conductivity, and easy preparation and dopingshas, ligand structure, synthesis method, and metal precursor, as well as the carbon support.10-12 However

402

Study of the k+ to pi+, neutrino, anti-neutrino decay in the momentum region p(pi+) < 199 MeV/C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiment E949 at Brookhaven National Laboratory has observed three candidate events for the decay K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}} in the pion momentum region 140 < P{sub {pi}} < 199 MeV/c in a exposure of 1.71 x 10{sup 12} stopped kaons with an estimated total background of 0.93 {+-} 0.17(stat.){sub -0.24}{sup +0.32}(syst.) events. Combination of this observation with previous results, assuming a pion spectrum as predicted by the standard model, produces a branching fraction of {beta} = (1.73{sub -1.05}{sup +1.15}) x 10{sup -10}. We also give the interpretation of the combined results for alternative model of the decay K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +} + nothing.

Artamonov, A.V.; Bassalleck, B.; Bhuyan, B.; Blackmore, E.W.; Bryman, D.A.; Chen, S.; Chiang, I.-H.; Christidi, I.-A.; Cooper, P.S.; Diwan, M.V.; Frank, J.S.; /Serpukhov, IHEP /New Mexico U. /Brookhaven /TRIUMF /British Columbia U. /Tsinghua U., Beijing /SUNY, Stony Brook /Fermilab /Kyoto U. /KEK, Tsukuba /Moscow, INR

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Light cone sum rules for the {pi}{sup 0}{gamma}{sup *}{gamma} form factor revisited  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We provide a theoretical update of the calculations of the {pi}{sup 0}{gamma}{sup *}{gamma} form factor in the light cone sum rules framework, including up to six polynomials in the conformal expansion of the pion distribution amplitude and taking into account twist-six corrections related to the photon emission at large distances. The results are compared with the calculations of the B{yields}{pi}l{nu} decay and pion electromagnetic form factors in the same framework. Our conclusion is that the recent BABAR measurements of the {pi}{sup 0}{gamma}{sup *}{gamma} form factor at large momentum transfers [B. Aubert et al. (The BABAR Collaboration), Phys. Rev. D 80, 052002 (2009)] are consistent with QCD, although they do suggest that the pion distribution amplitude may have more structure than usually assumed.

Agaev, S. S. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Institute for Physical Problems, Baku State University, Az-1148 Baku (Azerbaijan); Braun, V. M.; Offen, N.; Porkert, F. A. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Refueling machine with relative positioning capability  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A refueling machine is disclosed having relative positioning capability for refueling a nuclear reactor. The refueling machine includes a pair of articulated arms mounted on a refueling bridge. Each arm supports a respective telescoping mast. Each telescoping mast is designed to flex laterally in response to application of a lateral thrust on the end of the mast. A pendant mounted on the end of the mast carries an air-actuated grapple, television cameras, ultrasonic transducers and waterjet thrusters. The ultrasonic transducers are used to detect the gross position of the grapple relative to the bail of a nuclear fuel assembly in the fuel core. The television cameras acquire an image of the bail which is compared to a pre-stored image in computer memory. The pendant can be rotated until the television image and the pre-stored image match within a predetermined tolerance. Similarly, the waterjet thrusters can be used to apply lateral thrust to the end of the flexible mast to place the grapple in a fine position relative to the bail as a function of the discrepancy between the television and pre-stored images. 11 figs.

Challberg, R.C.; Jones, C.R.

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Scaling fluid content-pressure relations of different fluid systems in porous media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two-fluid-phase relations among fluid saturations (S) and pressures (P) have historically been used to predict S-P relations for three-fluid-phase systems consisting of a gas, nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL), and water, because measurements of three-phase S-P relations are complex. Two-phase S-P relations of air-NAPL systems are generally used to predict the behavior between total-liquid saturations of three-phase systems and air-NAPL capillary pressures. Two-phase S-P relations of NAPL-water systems are generally used to predict the behavior between water saturations of three-phase systems and NAPL-water capillary pressures. Because S-P measurements are very time-consuming, investigators have attempted to scale S-P relations so that fewer measurements would be required. A S-P scaling technique is discussed in this paper, and methods to predict the scaling factors are evaluated.

Lenhard, R.J.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

RELATIVE ECONOMIC INCENTIVES FOR HYDROGEN FROM NUCLEAR, RENEWABLE, AND FOSSIL ENERGY SOURCES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The specific hydrogen market determines the value of hydrogen from different sources. Each hydrogen production technology has its own distinct characteristics. For example, steam reforming of natural gas produces only hydrogen. In contrast, nuclear and solar hydrogen production facilities produce hydrogen together with oxygen as a by-product or co-product. For a user who needs both oxygen and hydrogen, the value of hydrogen from nuclear and solar plants is higher than that from a fossil plant because 'free' oxygen is produced as a by-product. Six factors that impact the relative economics of fossil, nuclear, and solar hydrogen production to the customer are identified: oxygen by-product, avoidance of carbon dioxide emissions, hydrogen transport costs, storage costs, availability of low-cost heat, and institutional factors. These factors imply that different hydrogen production technologies will be competitive in different markets and that the first markets for nuclear and solar hydrogen will be those markets in which they have a unique competitive advantage. These secondary economic factors are described and quantified in terms of dollars per kilogram of hydrogen.

Gorensek, M; Charles W. Forsberg, C

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

407

Relative Economic Incentives for Hydrogen from Nuclear, Renewable, and Fossil Energy Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The specific hydrogen market determines the value of hydrogen from different sources. Each hydrogen production technology has its own distinct characteristics. For example, steam reforming of natural gas produces only hydrogen. In contrast, nuclear and solar hydrogen production facilities produce hydrogen together with oxygen as a by-product or co-product. For a user who needs both oxygen and hydrogen, the value of hydrogen from nuclear and solar plants is higher than that from a fossil plant because 'free' oxygen is produced as a by-product. Six factors that impact the relative economics of fossil, nuclear, and solar hydrogen production to the customer are identified: oxygen by-product, avoidance of carbon dioxide emissions, hydrogen transport costs, storage costs, availability of low-cost heat, and institutional factors. These factors imply that different hydrogen production technologies will be competitive in different markets and that the first markets for nuclear and solar hydrogen will be those markets in which they have a unique competitive advantage. These secondary economic factors are described and quantified in terms of dollars per kilogram of hydrogen.

Forsberg, Charles W [ORNL] [ORNL; Gorensek, M. B. [Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL)] [Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Quenching Factor for Low Energy Nuclear Recoils in a Plastic Scintillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic scintillators are widely used in industry, medicine and scientific research, including nuclear and particle physics. Although one of their most common applications is in neutron detection, experimental data on their response to low-energy nuclear recoils are scarce. Here, the relative scintillation efficiency for neutron-induced nuclear recoils in a polystyrene-based plastic scintillator (UPS-923A) is presented, exploring recoil energies between 125 keV and 850 keV. Monte Carlo simulations, incorporating light collection efficiency and energy resolution effects, are used to generate neutron scattering spectra which are matched to observed distributions of scintillation signals to parameterise the energy-dependent quenching factor. At energies above 300 keV the dependence is reasonably described using the semi-empirical formulation of Birks and a kB factor of (0.014+/-0.002) g/MeVcm^2 has been determined. Below that energy the measured quenching factor falls more steeply than predicted by the Birks formalism.

L. Reichhart; D. Yu. Akimov; H. M. Araujo; E. J. Barnes; V. A. Belov; A. A. Burenkov; V. Chepel; A. Currie; L. DeViveiros; B. Edwards; V. Francis; C. Ghag; A. Hollingsworth; M. Horn; G. E. Kalmus; A. S. Kobyakin; A. G. Kovalenko; V. N. Lebedenko; A. Lindote; M. I. Lopes; R. Luscher; P. Majewski; A. St J. Murphy; F. Neves; S. M. Paling; J. Pinto da Cunha; R. Preece; J. J. Quenby; P. R. Scovell; C. Silva; V. N. Solovov; N. J. T. Smith; P. F. Smith; V. N. Stekhanov; T. J. Sumner; C. Thorne; R. J. Walker

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

409

Lumen Maintenance and Light Loss Factors: Consequences of Current Design Practices for LED's  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synopsis: Light loss factors are used to help lighting systems meet quantitative design criteria throughout the life of the installation, but they also influence energy use. As the light sources currently being specified continue to evolve, it is necessary to reevaluate the methods used in calculating light loss factors, as well as carefully consider the consequences of different product performance attributes. Because of the unique operating characteristics of LEDs and lack of a comprehensive lifetime rating—as well as the problematic relationship between lifetime and lumen maintenance—determining an appropriate lamp lumen depreciation (LLD) factor for LED products is difficult. As a result, a unique solution has been advocated: when quantity of light is an important design consideration, the IES recommends using an LLD of not greater than 0.70. This method deviates from the typical practice for conventional sources of using the ratio of mean to initial lumen output, and can misrepresent actual performance, increase energy use, and inhibit comparisons between products. This paper discusses the complications related to LLD and LEDs, compares the performance of conventional and LED products, and examines alternatives to a maximum LLD of 0.70 for LEDs.

Royer, Michael P.

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

410

$?^-$, $?^{*-}$, $?^{*-}}$ and $?^-}$ decuplet baryon electric charge form factor $F_1(q^2)$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The magnetic moment---a function of the electric charge form factor $F_{1}(q^{2})$ and the magnetic dipole form factor $F_{2}(q^{2})$ at zero four-momentum transfer $q^{2}$---of the ground-state $U$-spin =3/2 baryon decuplet $\\Delta^{-}$, $\\Xi^{*\\,-}$, $\\Sigma^{*\\,-}$ and $\\Omega^{-}$ and their ground-state spin 1/2 cousins $p$, $n$, $\\Lambda$, $\\Sigma^{+}$, $\\Sigma^{0}$, $\\Sigma^{-}$, $\\Xi^{+}$, and $\\Xi^{-}$ have been studied for many years with a modicum of success---only the magnetic moment of the $\\Omega^{-}$ has been accurately determined. In a recent study by us utilizing the infinite momentum frame, we calculated the magnetic moments of the \\emph{physical} decuplet $U$-Spin =3/2 quartet members in terms of that of the $\\Omega^{-}$ without ascribing any specific form to their quark structure or intra-quark interactions. That study determined $F_{2}(q^{2})$ and was conducted nonperturbatively where the decuplet baryon momenta were all collinear. In this follow-up research---again utilizing the infinite momentum frame but now allowing for non-collinear momenta---we are able to determine $F_{1}(q^{2})$ where $q^{2}\\leq 0$. We relate the electric charge form factor $F_{1}(q^{2})$ of the \\emph{physical} decuplet $S\

Milton Dean Slaughter

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

411

Hamilton study: distribution of factors confounding the relationship between air quality and respiratory health  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hamilton, Ontario is an industrial city with a population of 300,000 which is situated at the western end of Lake Ontario. Canada's two largest iron and steel mills are located here; the city historically has had relatively poor air quality, which has improved markedly in the last 25 years. Concern about the health effects of current air quality recently led us to carry out an epidemiological study of the effects of air pollution on the respiratory health of over 3500 school children. Respiratory health was measured by pulmonary function testing of each child, and by an assessment of each child's respiratory symptoms via a questionnaire administered to the parents. Previous studies had shown that other environmental factors (e.g. parental smoking, parental cough, socioeconomic level, housing, and gas cooking) might also affect respiratory health, and thus confound any potential relationships between health and air pollution. The questionnaire also collected information on many of these confounding factors. For the purposes of initial analysis, the city was divided into five areas in which differences in air quality were expected. In general, factors which have been associated with poor respiratory health were observed to be more prevalent in areas of poorer air quality.

Pengelly, L.D.; Kerigan, A.T.; Goldsmith, C.H.; Inman, E.M.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Purcell factor of Mie resonators featuring electric and magnetic modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a modal approach to compute the Purcell factor in Mie resonators exhibiting both electric and magnetic resonances. The analytic expressions of the normal modes are used to calculate the effective volumes. We show that important features of the effective volume can be predicted thanks to the translation-addition coefficients of a displaced dipole. Using our formalism, it is easy to see that, in general, the Purcell factor of Mie resonators is not dominated by a single mode, but rather by a large superposition. Finally we consider a silicon resonator homogeneously doped with electric dipolar emitters, and we show that the average electric Purcell factor dominates over the magnetic one.

Zambrana-Puyalto, Xavier

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Dual chain synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having two peptide chains each branched from a branch moiety, such as trifunctional amino acid residues, the branch moieties separated by a first linker of from 3 to about 20 backbone atoms, which peptide chains bind a heparin-binding growth factor receptor and are covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain, preferably by a second linker, which may be a hydrophobic second linker. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as pharmaceutical agents, soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY)

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

414

Dual chain synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having two peptide chains each branched from a branch moiety, such as trifunctional amino acid residues, the branch moieties separated by a first linker of from 3 to about 20 backbone atoms, which peptide chains bind a heparin-binding growth factor receptor and are covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain, preferably by a second linker, which may be a hydrophobic second linker. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as pharmaceutical agents, soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY)

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

415

Twisted mass QCD for the pion electromagnetic form factor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pion form factor is computed using quenched twisted mass QCD and the GMRES-DR matrix inverter. The momentum averaging procedure of Frezzotti and Rossi is used to remove leading lattice spacing artifacts, and numerical results for the form factor show the expected improvement with respect to the standard Wilson action. Although some matrix inverters are known to fail when applied to twisted mass QCD, GMRES-DR is found to be a viable and powerful option. Results obtained for the pion form factor are consistent with the published results from other O(a) improved actions and are also consistent with the available experimental data.

Abdel-Rehim, Abdou M.; Lewis, Randy [Department of Physics, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4S 0A2 (Canada)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

The proton form factor measurements at Jefferson Lab, past and future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Use of the double-polarization technique to obtain the elastic nucleon form factors has resulted in a dramatic improvement of the quality of two of the four nucleon electromagnetic form factors, G{sub Ep} and G{sub En}. It has also changed our understanding of the proton structure, having resulted in a distinctly different Q 2-dependence for both G{sub Ep} and G{sub Mp}, contradicting the prevailing wisdom of the 1990’s based on cross section measurements, namely that G{sub Ep} and G{sub Mp} obey a “scaling” relation {mu}G{sub Ep} ~ G{sub Mp}. A related consequence of the faster decrease of G{sub Ep} revealed by the Jefferson Lab (Jlab) polarization results was the disappearance of the early scaling F{sub 2}/F{sub 1} ~ 1/Q{sup 2} predicted by perturbative QCD. In three experiments, Gep(1), Gep(2) and Gep(3), in Halls A and C at Jlab, the ratio of the proton’s electromagnetic elastic form factors, G{sub Ep} /G{sub Mp} , was measured up to four momentum transfer Q{sup 2} of 8.5 GeV{sup 2} with high precision, using the recoil polarization technique. The initial discovery that the proton form factor ratio measured in these three experiments decreases approximately linearly with four-momentum transfer, Q{sup 2}, for values above ~ 1 GeV{sup 2}, was modified by the Gep(3) results, which suggests a slowing down of this decrease. There is an approved experiment, Gep(5), to continue these measurements to 15 GeV{sup 2}. A dedicated experimental setup, the super bigbite spectrometer (SBS), will be built for this purpose. It will be equipped with a new focal plane polarimeter to measure the polarization of the recoil protons. In this presentation, I will review the status of the proton elastic electromagnetic form factors, mention succinctly a number of theoretical approaches to describe results and show some features required for the future Gep(5) experiment.

Punjabi, Vina A. [Norfolk State Univ., VA (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

The train/embankment thought experiment, Einstein's second postulate of special relativity and relativity of simultaneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relativistic time dilatation effect and Einstein's second postulate of special relativity are used to analyse train/embankment thought expriments, both Einstein's original one, and an extension where observers on two trains moving at different speeds, as well as on the embankment, are considered. Whereas the relativistic analysis of Einstein's experiment shows, in contradiction to Einstein's interpretation, no `relativity of simultaneity' effect, the latter is apparent for certain events in the two-train experiment. The importance of relativistic kinematics --embodied for photons in Einstein's second postulate-- for the correct interpretation of the experiments is pointed out and demonstrated by detailed calculation of a related example.

J. H. Field

2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

418

Some Dependence Relations of Empirical Belief  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that two apples should differ only in this respect, that one is a good apple and the other not good, but goodness is not reducible to a set of natural properties. We might say, as a working definition of a dependence relation, that if realm B, a set... of states b j . n with properties BP describable in vocabulary BV, is necessary for the instantiation of a realm D, where D = (s:s has properties DP describable in DV], then the elements of D depend on those of B. BP and DP, BV and DV, may be completely...

Malherbe, Jeanette

419

Centrifugal separators and related devices and methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Centrifugal separators and related methods and devices are described. More particularly, centrifugal separators comprising a first fluid supply fitting configured to deliver fluid into a longitudinal fluid passage of a rotor shaft and a second fluid supply fitting sized and configured to sealingly couple with the first fluid supply fitting are described. Also, centrifugal separator systems comprising a manifold having a drain fitting and a cleaning fluid supply fitting are described, wherein the manifold is coupled to a movable member of a support assembly. Additionally, methods of cleaning centrifugal separators are described.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocatello, ID); Garn, Troy G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Macaluso, Lawrence L. (Carson City, NV); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID)

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

420

Self-Similarity in General Relativity \\endtitle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The different kinds of self-similarity in general relativity are discussed, with special emphasis on similarity of the ``first'' kind, corresponding to spacetimes admitting a homothetic vector. We then survey the various classes of self-similar solutions to Einstein's field equations and the different mathematical approaches used in studying them. We focus mainly on spatially homogenous and spherically symmetric self-similar solutions, emphasizing their possible roles as asymptotic states for more general models. Perfect fluid spherically symmetric similarity solutions have recently been completely classified, and we discuss various astrophysical and cosmological applications of such solutions. Finally we consider more general types of self-similar models.

B. J. Carr; A. A. Coley

1998-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Space nuclear power, propulsion, and related technologies.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) is one of the nation's largest research and development (R&D) facilities, with headquarters at Albuquerque, New Mexico; a laboratory at Livermore, California; and a test range near Tonopah, Nevada. Smaller testing facilities are also operated at other locations. Established in 1945, Sandia was operated by the University of California until 1949, when, at the request of President Truman, Sandia Corporation was formed as a subsidiary of Bell Lab's Western Electric Company to operate Sandia as a service to the U.S. Government without profit or fee. Sandia is currently operated for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) by AT&T Technologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of AT&T. Sandia's responsibility is national security programs in defense and energy with primary emphasis on nuclear weapon research and development (R&D). However, Sandia also supports a wide variety of projects ranging from basic materials research to the design of specialized parachutes. Assets, owned by DOE and valued at more than $1.2 billion, include about 600 major buildings containing about 372,000 square meters (m2) (4 million square feet [ft2]) of floor space, located on land totalling approximately 1460 square kilometers (km2) (562 square miles [mi]). Sandia employs about 8500 people, the majority in Albuquerque, with about 1000 in Livermore. Approximately 60% of Sandia's employees are in technical and scientific positions, and the remainder are in crafts, skilled labor, and administrative positions. As a multiprogram national laboratory, Sandia has much to offer both industrial and government customers in pursuing space nuclear technologies. The purpose of this brochure is to provide the reader with a brief summary of Sandia's technical capabilities, test facilities, and example programs that relate to military and civilian objectives in space. Sandia is interested in forming partnerships with industry and government organizations, and has already formed several cooperative alliances and agreements. Because of the synergism of multiple governmental and industrial sponsors of many programs, Sandia is frequently able to provide complex technical solutions in a relatively short time, and often at lower cost to a particular customer. They have listed a few ongoing programs at Sandia related to space nuclear technology as examples of the possible synergisms that could result from forming teams and partnerships with related technologies and objectives.

Berman, Marshall

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Reasonable fermionic quantum information theories require relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that any abstract quantum information theory based on anticommuting operators must be supplemented by a superselection rule deeply rooted in relativity. While quantum information may be encoded in the Fock space generated by such operators, the unrestricted fermionic theory has a peculiar feature: Pairs of bipartition marginals of pure states need not have identical spectra. This leads to an ambiguous definition of the entropy of entanglement. We prove that this problem is removed by a superselection rule that arises from Lorentz invariance and no-signalling.

Nicolai Friis

2015-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

423

Relativity theory in time-space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The concept of time-space defined in an earlier paper of the author is certain generalization of the so-called space-time. In this paper we introduce the concept of time-space manifold. In the homogeneous case, the time-space manifold is a differentiable manifold with such tangent spaces which have certain fixed time-space structure. We redefine the fundamental concepts of global relativity theory with respect to this general situation. We study the concepts of affine connection, parallel transport, curvature tensor and Einstein equation, respectively.

Ákos G. Horváth

2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

424

Ootw Tool Requirements in Relation to JWARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document reports the results of the CMke of the Secretary of Defense/Program Analysis & Evaluation (OSD/PA&E) sponsored project to identify how Operations Other Than War (OOTW) tool requirements relate to the Joint Warfare Simulation (JWARS) and, more generally, to joint analytical modeling and simulation (M&S) requirements. It includes recommendations about which OOTW tools (and functionality within tools) should be included in JWARS, which should be managed as joint analytical modeling and simulation (M&S) tools, and which should be left for independent development.

Hartley III, D.S.; Packard, S.L.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The moisture budget in relation to convection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyses of the local rate-of-change of moisture in the layer from 900-750 mb . . . . . . , . . . , . . . . . . 23 Analyses of the local rate-of-change of moisture in the layer from 750-500 mb 24 Vertical profiles of the net vertical boundary flux... of moisture related to MDR 26 10 Analyses of the net vertical boundary flux of moisture in the layer from 900-750 mb 28 Analyses of the net vertical boundary flux of moisture in the layer from 750-500 mb 29 12 Analyses of the net vertical boundary flux...

Scott, Robert Wilson

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Quantum discord between relatively accelerated observers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the quantum discord between two free modes of a scalar field which start in a maximally entangled state and then undergo a relative, constant acceleration. In a regime where there is no distillable entanglement due to the Unruh effect, we show that there is a finite amount of quantum discord, which is a measure of purely quantum correlations in a state, over and above quantum entanglement. Even in the limit of infinite acceleration of the observer detecting one of the modes, we provide evidence for a non-zero amount of purely quantum correlations, which might be exploited to gain non-trivial quantum advantages.

Animesh Datta

2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

427

A public relations program for community education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. If' f'he sfozy appeaf s to . : so-ci;", group, relate that story to +he group, These general requirements for news releases may be modified according to each newspaper's style, Xf there is some question concerning style, the newspaper editor... campaiprn should make fczll use of' Public. Service Anrounce- ments. 'The reel io staf ~ member ccrnta tec'. initially will explain how to sane' in re'l. eases for these spots, but, penerazly, the auidei ines fcz news releases may 'be fol- lowed. Srevity...

Russell, Diane Sue

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

428

EPR Steering Inequalities from Entropic Uncertainty Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use entropic uncertainty relations to formulate inequalities that witness Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering correlations in diverse quantum systems. We then use these inequalities to formulate symmetric EPR-steering inequalities using the mutual information. We explore the differing natures of the correlations captured by one-way and symmetric steering inequalities, and examine the possibility of exclusive one-way steerability in two-qubit states. Furthermore, we show that steering inequalities can be extended to generalized positive operator valued measures (POVMs), and we also derive hybrid-steering inequalities between alternate degrees of freedom.

James Schneeloch; Curtis J. Broadbent; Stephen P. Walborn; Eric G. Cavalcanti; John C. Howell

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

429

BEDES Related Projects | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EERE BlogAttachmentFlash2011-21FAQs BEDES FAQs On this page you'llRelated

430

Related Sites | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298,NIST31 ORV 15051 Modification MO 12 PageRelated Sites

431

Contaminants in Buildings and Occupied Spaces as Risk Factors forOccupant Symptoms in U.S. Office Buildings: Findings from the U.S. EPABASE Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonspecific building-related symptoms among occupants of modern office buildings worldwide are common and may be associated with important reductions in work performance, but their etiology remains uncertain. Most reported research into environmental risk factors for these symptoms has focused on ventilation system-related factors, dampness, and particle removal through filtration and cleaning, with relatively few studies of other potential sources of indoor contaminants. We analyzed data collected by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from a representative sample of 100 large U.S. office buildings--the Building Assessment and Survey Evaluation (BASE) study--using multivariate-adjusted logistic regression models with generalized estimating equations. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between seven building-related symptom outcomes and a diverse set of potential indoor and outdoor sources for indoor pollutants. Although most of the investigated risk factors showed no apparent association with building-related symptoms, some interesting associations resulted. Increased prevalence of symptoms was associated with carpets older than one year (lower respiratory symptoms), non-carpeted floors (upper and lower respiratory symptoms), older furniture (eye and skin symptoms), infrequent vacuuming (upper respiratory, eye, and skin symptoms and headache), and masonry exterior walls (cough, eye symptoms, and fatigue/concentration difficulty). For the many potential risk factors assessed, almost none had been investigated previously, and many associations found here may have been by chance. Additional confirmatory research focused on risk factors initially identified here is needed, using more objective measures of health outcomes and risk factors or exposures.

Mendell, M.J.; Mirer, A.; Lei-Gomez, Q.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Effects of No-Till on Yields as Influenced by Crop and Environmental Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Th is research evaluated diff erences in yields and associated downside risk from using no-till and tillage practices. Yields from 442 paired tillage experiments across the United States were evaluated with respect to six crops and environmental factors including geographic location, annual precipitation, soil texture, and time since conversion from tillage to no-till. Results indicated that mean yields for sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with no-till were greater than with tillage. In addition, no-till tended to produce similar or greater mean yields than tillage for crops grown on loamy soils in the Southern Seaboard and Mississippi Portal regions. A warmer and more humid climate and warmer soils in these regions relative to the Heartland, Basin and Range, and Fruitful Rim regions appear to favor no-till on loamy soils. With the exception of corn (Zea mays L.) and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in the Southern Seaboard region, no-till performed poorly on sandy soils. Crops grown in the Southern Seaboard were less likely to have lower no-till yields than tillage yields on loamy soils and thus had lower downside yield risk than other farm resource regions. Consistent with mean yield results, soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and wheat grown on sandy soils in the Southern Seaboard region using no-till had larger downside yield risks than when produced with no-till on loamy soils. Th e key fi ndings of this study support the hypothesis that soil and climate factors impact no-till yields relative to tillage yields and may be an important factor infl uencing risk and expected return and the adoption of the practice by farmers.

Toliver, Dustin K.; Larson, James A.; Roberts, Roland K.; English, B.C.; De La Torre Ugarte, D. G.; West, Tristram O.

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

433

SciTech Connect: Industrial Power Factor Analysis Guidebook.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

factor is a way of measuring the percentage of reactive power in an electrical system. Reactive power represents wasted energy--electricity that does no useful work because the...

434

astrophysical s170 factor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is predicted to be 10.1 10-20 keV b, a factor of five larger than the standard-solar-model value. The P-wave transitions are found to be important, contributing about 40 %...

435

Flavor decomposition of the elastic nucleon electromagnetic form factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The u- and d-quark contributions to the elastic nucleon electromagnetic form factors have been determined using experimental data on GEn , GMn , GpE , and GpM . Such a flavor separation of the form factors became possible up to 3.4 GeV2 with recent data on GEn from Hall A at JLab. At a negative four-momentum transfer squared Q2 above 1 GeV2, for both the u- and d-quark components, the ratio of the Pauli form factor to the Dirac form factor, F2/F1, was found to be almost constant, and for each of F2 and F1 individually, the d-quark component drops continuously with increasing Q2.

C.D. Cates, C.W. Jager, S. Riordan, B. Wojtsekhowski

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Factors controlling tungsten concentrations in ground water, Carson Desert, Nevada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors controlling tungsten concentrations in ground water, Carson Desert, Nevada Ralph L. Seiler sources. Tungsten concentrations in 100 ground water samples from all aquifers used as drinking water indicates that W exhibits Tungsten con- centrations are strongly and positively correlated

437

Key Factors in Displacement Ventilation Systems for Better IAQ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper sets up a mathematical model of three-dimensional steady turbulence heat transfer in an air-conditioned room of multi-polluting heat sources. Numerical simulation helps identify key factors in displacement ventilation systems that affect...

Wang, X.; Chen, J.; Li, Y.; Wang, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Role of Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4 alpha in Hepatocyte Proliferation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4 alpha (HNF4?) is the master regulator of hepatocyte differentiation. It is involved in the up-regulation of genes involved in many classic hepatic functions including: bile acid metabolism, ...

Walesky, Chad Michael

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Factors influencing the efficiency of arsenic extraction by phosphate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, phosphate concentration, principal counterion, reaction pH, and reaction time. The extraction efficiency was impacted by the influence of these individual factors on reaction kinetics and accessibility of arsenic adsorption sites for ligand exchange...

Yean, Su Jin

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Geography: Critical Factors in the Analysis of Complex Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geography is a disciple of discovery and exploration. From earliest human endeavor until today, it remains the key to understanding human interaction with the landscape. A conceptual framework of geographic factors provides ...

Welch, Ivan

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Characterizing and engineering antibodies against the epidermal growth factor receptor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling leads to cellular proliferation and migration, and thus EGFR dysregulation can significantly contribute to the survival of tumor cells. Aberrant EGFR signaling due to ...

Chao, Ginger

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

activated transcription factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vijaya L. Krishnan; Ian M. Adcock; Peter J. Barnes; K. Fan Chung 1998-01-01 4 The Turkey Transcription Factor Pit-1GHF-1 Can Activate the Turkey Prolactin and Growth Hormone...

443

An analysis of factors contributing to train-involved crashes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Crashes involving trains and vehicles are a significant safety problem in Texas each year. This research attempts to identify and analyze contributing factors to train-involved accidents in Texas. Three years of accident data (1328 total accidents) were...

Cooner, Scott Allen

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

aspects risk factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2010-01-01 51 Review Epidemiology, risk factors, and lifestyle modifications for gout CiteSeer Summary: Gout affects more than 1 % of adults in the USA, and it is the most...

445

additional risk factor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2010-01-01 47 Review Epidemiology, risk factors, and lifestyle modifications for gout CiteSeer Summary: Gout affects more than 1 % of adults in the USA, and it is the most...

446

atherosclerosis risk factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2010-01-01 58 Review Epidemiology, risk factors, and lifestyle modifications for gout CiteSeer Summary: Gout affects more than 1 % of adults in the USA, and it is the most...

447

adolescent risk factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2010-01-01 77 Review Epidemiology, risk factors, and lifestyle modifications for gout CiteSeer Summary: Gout affects more than 1 % of adults in the USA, and it is the most...

448

adulthood risk factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2010-01-01 52 Review Epidemiology, risk factors, and lifestyle modifications for gout CiteSeer Summary: Gout affects more than 1 % of adults in the USA, and it is the most...

449

additional risk factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2010-01-01 47 Review Epidemiology, risk factors, and lifestyle modifications for gout CiteSeer Summary: Gout affects more than 1 % of adults in the USA, and it is the most...

450

aureus risk factors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2010-01-01 58 Review Epidemiology, risk factors, and lifestyle modifications for gout CiteSeer Summary: Gout affects more than 1 % of adults in the USA, and it is the most...

451

antitumor necrosis factor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

single-nucleo- tide polymorphisms (SNPs) or haplotypes in the TNF Nyholt, Dale R. 10 Maximum-entropy network analysis reveals a role for tumor necrosis factor in peripheral...

452

Sample size in factor analysis: The role of model error  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article examines effects of sample size and other design features on correspondence between factors obtained from analysis of sample data and those present in the population from which the samples were drawn. We extend ...

MacCallum, R. C.; Widaman, K. F.; Preacher, K. J.; Hong, Sehee

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Enhancement factors for resuspended aerosol radioactivity: Effects of topsoil disturbance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The enhancement factor for airborne radionuclides resuspended by wind is defined as the ratio of the activity density (Bq g{sup {minus}1}) in the aerosol to the activity density in the underlying surface of contaminated soil. Enhancement factors are useful for assessment of worst-case exposure scenarios and transport conditions, and are one of the criteria for setting environmental standards for radioactivity in soil. This paper presents results of experimental studies where resuspension of {sup 239}Pu was measured when air concentrations were equilibrated to the soil surface. Enhancement factors were observed for several types of man-made disturbances (bulldozer-blading, soil raking, vacuum-cleaning) and natural disturbances (springtime thaw, soil-drying, wildfire). For some cases, enhancement factors are compared over range of geographical locations (Bikini Atoll, California, Nevada, and South Carolina). The particle-size distributions of aerosol activity are compared to particle-size distributions of the underlying soil.

Shinn, J.H.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Geographical scenario uncertainty in generic fate and exposure factors of toxic pollutants for life-cycle impact assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In environmental life-cycle assessments (LCA), fate and exposure factors account for the general fate and exposure properties of chemicals under generic environmental conditions by means of 'evaluative' multi-media fate and exposure box models. To assess the effect of using different generic environmental conditions, fate and exposure factors of chemicals emitted under typical conditions of (1) Western Europe, (2) Australia and (3) the United States of America were compared with the multi-media fate and exposure box model USES-LCA. Comparing the results of the three evaluative environments, it was found that the uncertainty in fate and exposure factors for ecosystems and humans due to choice of an evaluative environment, as represented by the ratio of the 97.5th and 50th percentile, is between a factor 2 and 10. Particularly, fate and exposure factors of emissions causing effects in fresh water ecosystems and effects on human health have relatively high uncertainty. This uncertainty i s mainly caused by the continental difference in the average soil erosion rate, the dimensions of the fresh water and agricultural soil compartment, and the fraction of drinking water coming from ground water.

Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; Lundi, Sven; McKone, Thomas E.; van de Meent, D.

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Nonspecific transcription factor binding reduces variability in transcription factor and target protein expression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transcription factors (TFs) interact with a multitude of binding sites on DNA and partner proteins inside cells. We investigate how nonspecific binding/unbinding to such decoy binding sites affects the magnitude and time-scale of random fluctuations in TF copy numbers arising from stochastic gene expression. A stochastic model of TF gene expression, together with decoy site interactions is formulated. Distributions for the total (bound and unbound) and free (unbound) TF levels are derived by analytically solving the chemical master equation under physiologically relevant assumptions. Our results show that increasing the number of decoy binding sides considerably reduces stochasticity in free TF copy numbers. The TF autocorrelation function reveals that decoy sites can either enhance or shorten the time-scale of TF fluctuations depending on model parameters. To understand how noise in TF abundances propagates downstream, a TF target gene is included in the model. Intriguingly, we find that noise in the expression of the target gene decreases with increasing decoy sites for linear TF-target protein dose-responses, even in regimes where decoy sites enhance TF autocorrelation times. Moreover, counterintuitive noise transmissions arise for nonlinear dose-responses. In summary, our study highlights the critical role of molecular sequestration by decoy binding sites in regulating the stochastic dynamics of TFs and target proteins at the single-cell level.

Mohammad Soltani; Pavol Bokes; Zachary Fox; Abhyudai Singh

2015-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

456

GRChombo : Numerical Relativity with Adaptive Mesh Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical relativity has undergone a revolution in the past decade. With a well-understood mathematical formalism, and full control over the gauge modes, it is now entering an era in which the science can be properly explored. In this work, we introduce GRChombo, a new numerical relativity code written to take full advantage of modern parallel computing techniques. GRChombo's features include full adaptive mesh refinement with block structured Berger-Rigoutsos grid generation which supports non-trivial "many-boxes-in-many-boxes" meshing hierarchies, and massive parallelism through the Message Passing Interface (MPI). GRChombo evolves the Einstein equation with the standard BSSN formalism, with an option to turn on CCZ4 constraint damping if required. We show that GRChombo passes all the standard "Apples-to-Apples" code comparison tests. We also show that it can stably and accurately evolve vacuum black hole spacetimes such as binary black hole mergers, and non-vacuum spacetimes such as scalar collapses into black holes. As an illustration of its AMR capability, we demonstrate the evolution of triple black hole merger, which can be set up trivially in GRChombo.

Katy Clough; Pau Figueras; Hal Finkel; Markus Kunesch; Eugene A. Lim; Saran Tunyasuvunakool

2015-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

457

GRChombo : Numerical Relativity with Adaptive Mesh Refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical relativity has undergone a revolution in the past decade. With a well-understood mathematical formalism, and full control over the gauge modes, it is now entering an era in which the science can be properly explored. In this work, we introduce GRChombo, a new numerical relativity code written to take full advantage of modern parallel computing techniques. GRChombo's features include full adaptive mesh refinement with block structured Berger-Rigoutsos grid generation which supports non-trivial "many-boxes-in-many-boxes" meshing hierarchies, and massive parallelism through the Message Passing Interface (MPI). GRChombo evolves the Einstein equation with the standard BSSN formalism, with an option to turn on CCZ4 constraint damping if required. We show that GRChombo passes all the standard "Apples-to-Apples" code comparison tests. We also show that it can stably and accurately evolve vacuum black hole spacetimes such as binary black hole mergers, and non-vacuum spacetimes such as scalar collapses into b...

Clough, Katy; Finkel, Hal; Kunesch, Markus; Lim, Eugene A; Tunyasuvunakool, Saran

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Periodic Cluster Mutations and Related Integrable Maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the remarkable properties of cluster algebras is that any cluster, obtained from a sequence of mutations from an initial cluster, can be written as a Laurent polynomial in the initial cluster (known as the "Laurent phenomenon"). There are many nonlinear recurrences which exhibit the Laurent phenomenon and thus unexpectedly generate integer sequences. The mutation of a typical quiver will not generate a recurrence, but rather an erratic sequence of exchange relations. How do we "design" a quiver which gives rise to a given recurrence? A key role is played by the concept of "periodic cluster mutation", introduced in 2009. Each recurrence corresponds to a finite dimensional map. In the context of cluster mutations, these are called "cluster maps". What properties do cluster maps have? Are they integrable in some standard sense? In this review I describe how integrable maps arise in the context of cluster mutations. I first explain the concept of "periodic cluster mutation", giving some classification results. I then give a review of what is meant by an integrable map and apply this to cluster maps. Two classes of integrable maps are related to interesting monodromy problems, which generate interesting Poisson algebras of functions, used to prove complete integrability and a linearisation. A connections to the Hirota-Miwa equation is explained.

Allan P Fordy

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

Relating magnetic reconnection to coronal heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is clear that the solar corona is begin heated and that coronal magnetic fields undergo reconnection all the time. Here we attempt to show that these two facts are in fact related - i.e. coronal reconnection generates heat. This attempt must address the fact that topological change of field lines does not automatically generate heat. We present one case of flux emergence where we have measured the rate of coronal magnetic reconnection and the rate of energy dissipation in the corona. The ratio of these two, $P/\\dot{\\Phi}$, is a current comparable to the amount of current expected to flow along the boundary separating the emerged flux from the pre-existing flux overlying it. We can generalize this relation to the overall corona in quiet Sun or in active regions. Doing so yields estimates for the contribution to corona heating from magnetic reconnection. These estimated rates are comparable to the amount required to maintain the corona at its observed temperature.

Longcope, Dana W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Cosmology calculations almost without general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Friedmann equation is derived for a Newtonian universe. Changing mass density to energy density gives exactly the Friedmann equation of general relativity. Accounting for work done by pressure then yields the two Einstein equations that govern the expansion of the universe. Descriptions and explanations of radiation pressure and vacuum pressure are added to complete a basic kit of cosmology tools. It provides a basis for teaching cosmology to undergraduates in a way that quickly equips them to do basic calculations. This is demonstrated with calculations involving: characteristics of the expansion for densities dominated by radiation, matter, or vacuum; the closeness of the density to the critical density; how much vacuum energy compared to matter energy is needed to make the expansion accelerate; and how little is needed to make it stop. Travel time and luninosity distance are calculated in terms of the redshift and the densities of matter and vacuum energy, using a scaled Friedmann equation with the constant in the curvature term determined by matching with the present values of the Hubble parameter and energy density. General relativity is needed only for the luminosity distance, to describe how the curvature of space, determined by the energy density, can change the intensity of light by changing the area of the sphere to which the light has spread. Thirty-one problems are included.

Thomas F. Jordan

2004-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The pentagon relation and incidence geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We define a map S:D{sup 2}×D{sup 2}?D{sup 2}×D{sup 2}, where D is an arbitrary division ring (skew field), associated with the Veblen configuration, and we show that such a map provides solutions to the functional dynamical pentagon equation. We explain that fact in elementary geometric terms using the symmetry of the Veblen and Desargues configurations. We introduce also another map of a geometric origin with the pentagon property. We show equivalence of these maps with recently introduced Desargues maps which provide geometric interpretation to a non-commutative version of Hirota's discrete Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation. Finally, we demonstrate that in an appropriate gauge the (commutative version of the) maps preserves a natural Poisson structure—the quasiclassical limit of the Weyl commutation relations. The corresponding quantum reduction is then studied. In particular, we discuss uniqueness of the Weyl relations for the ultra-local reduction of the map. We give then the corresponding solution of the quantum pentagon equation in terms of the non-compact quantum dilogarithm function.

Doliwa, Adam, E-mail: doliwa@matman.uwm.edu.pl [Institute of Mathematics, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. ?niadeckich 8, 00-956 Warszawa (Poland); Sergeev, Sergey M., E-mail: Sergey.Sergeev@canberra.edu.au [Faculty of Information Sciences and Engineering, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT 2601 (Australia)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Relative Abundance Measurements in Plumes and Interplumes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of relative elemental abundances in plumes and interplumes. Plumes are bright, narrow structures in coronal holes that extend along open magnetic field lines far out into the corona. Previous work has found that in some coronal structures the abundances of elements with a low first ionization potential (FIP) 10 eV). We have used EIS spectroscopic observations made on 2007 March 13 and 14 over an ~24 hour period to characterize abundance variations in plumes and interplumes. To assess their elemental composition, we have used a differential emission measure (DEM) analysis, which accounts for the thermal structure of the observed plasma. We have used lines from ions of iron, silicon, and sulfur. From these we have estimated the ratio of the iron and silicon FIP bias relative to that for sulfur. From the results, we have created FIP-bias-ratio maps. We find that the FIP-bias ratio is sometimes higher in plumes than in interplumes and that this enhancement can be time dependent. These res...

Guennou, Chloé; Savin, Daniel Wolf

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Factors affecting attitudinal patterns toward education in the Dominican Republic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AF'FECTING ATTITUDINAL PATTERNS TOWARD EDUCATION IN THE DOHINICAN REPUBLIC A Thesi. s by EDWIN HUGH CARPENTER Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of NASTER OF SCIENCE August 1968 Major Sub)sot: Sociology FACTORS AFFECTING ATTITUDINAL PATTERNS TOWARD EDUCATION IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC A Thesis by EDWIN HUGH CARPENTER Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman gf Commit tee) (Head...

Carpenter, Edwin Hugh

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Density matrix renormalization group and wave function factorization for nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We employ the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) and the wave function factorization method for the numerical solution of large scale nuclear structure problems. The DMRG exhibits an improved convergence for problems with realistic interactions due to the implementation of the finite algorithm. The wave function factorization of fpg-shell nuclei yields rapidly converging approximations that are at the present frontier for large-scale shell model calculations.

T. Papenbrock; D. J. Dean

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Is it possible to compute the Moebius function without factoring?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been well known since Fermat's Little Theorem was first published that it is possible to determine that a number is composite without determining any of its nontrivial factors. It is natural to ask whether it is also possible to compute the Moebius function of a composite number without determining any of its nontrivial factors. In this note, we argue that this is impossible.

Craig Alan Feinstein

2003-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

466

Regions of influence for several methods of factoring polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REGIONS OF INFLUENCE FOR SEVERAL METHODS OF FACTORING POLYNOMIALS A Thesis By TOMMY JOE SCHULZE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1965 Major Subject Mathematics REGIONS OF INFLUENCE FOR SEVERAL METHODS OF FACTORING POLYNOMIALS A Thesis By TOMMY JOE SCHULZE Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department (Member) (Member) (Member...

Schulze, Tommy Joe

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Two-phase compressibility factors for retrograde gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a liquid phase. Gas compressibility factors are used in the gas material balance equations. These equations are used to estimate initial gas in place and reserves. Normally gas compressibility factors are used when a reservoir fluid depletion.... 0 on a material balance plot. Dake's equation has limited usefulness because the initial gas in place G is an unknown in the field. Also note that Gp at the abandonment pressure is the ultimate reserves of the reservoir. We can also derive...

Rayes, Daniel George

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Form factors for generated unequal addendum and dedendum gear teeth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PORN FACTORS FOR GEHERLTED DREQUkL LDDERDDH /AID DEDEHDDH GEAR TEETH GEORGE FREDERICK SHEETS, JH. approved as to style and oontent by: z Head of Departnent Hayi 1952 FORM FACTORS FOR GEEERATED UEEQUAL ADDEEDUM AED DEDEEDUM GEAR TEETH... By GEORGE FREDERICK SHEETS, JR. Subnittsd to the Graduate School of ths Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillnsnt of ths requirwwnts for ths degree of May~ 1952 Ma)or Sub)set: Mechanical Engineering The advi ca f assi stanoe...

Sheets, George Frederick

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Panel Data Analysis of Regulatory Factors Shaping Environmental Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the influence of regulatory factors in general, this paper examines a specific demonstration of environmental perfor- mance: biological oxygen demand (BOD) wastewater dis- charges by large (“major”) municipal wastewater treatment plants in Kansas during... example, limit levels). To analyze the effects of these regulatory factors on envi- ronmental performance, this particular empirical analysis examines the wastewater discharges by large municipal wastewater treatment facilities in the state of Kansas...

Earnhart, Dietrich H.

2006-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

470

Plasma generators, reactor systems and related methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A plasma generator, reactor and associated systems and methods are provided in accordance with the present invention. A plasma reactor may include multiple sections or modules which are removably coupled together to form a chamber. Associated with each section is an electrode set including three electrodes with each electrode being coupled to a single phase of a three-phase alternating current (AC) power supply. The electrodes are disposed about a longitudinal centerline of the chamber and are arranged to provide and extended arc and generate an extended body of plasma. The electrodes are displaceable relative to the longitudinal centerline of the chamber. A control system may be utilized so as to automatically displace the electrodes and define an electrode gap responsive to measure voltage or current levels of the associated power supply.

Kong, Peter C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Pink, Robert J. (Pocatello, ID); Lee, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

471

Neuroimaging for drug addiction and related behaviors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this review, we highlight the role of neuroimaging techniques in studying the emotional and cognitive-behavioral components of the addiction syndrome by focusing on the neural substrates subserving them. The phenomenology of drug addiction can be characterized by a recurrent pattern of subjective experiences that includes drug intoxication, craving, bingeing, and withdrawal with the cycle culminating in a persistent preoccupation with obtaining, consuming, and recovering from the drug. In the past two decades, imaging studies of drug addiction have demonstrated deficits in brain circuits related to reward and impulsivity. The current review focuses on studies employing positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and electroencephalography (EEG) to investigate these behaviors in drug-addicted human populations. We begin with a brief account of drug addiction followed by a technical account of each of these imaging modalities. We then discuss how these techniques have uniquely contributed to a deeper understanding of addictive behaviors.

Parvaz M. A.; Parvaz, M.A.; Alia-Klein, N.; Woicik,P.A.; Volkow, N.D.; Goldstein, R.Z.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Extracting Geospatial Preferences Using Relational Neighbors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the increasing popularity of location-based social media applications and devices that automatically tag generated content with locations, large repositories of collaborative geo-referenced data are appearing on-line. Efficiently extracting user preferences from these data to determine what information to recommend is challenging because of the sheer volume of data as well as the frequency of updates. Traditional recommender systems focus on the interplay between users and items, but ignore contextual parameters such as location. In this paper we take a geospatial approach to determine locational preferences and similarities between users. We propose to capture the geographic context of user preferences for items using a relational graph, through which we are able to derive many new and state-of-the-art recommendation algorithms, including combinations of them, requiring changes only in the definition of the edge weights. Furthermore, we discuss several solutions for cold-start scenarios. Finally, we con...

Marinho, Leandro Balby; Sandholm, Thomas; Nunes, Iury; Nóbrega, Caio; Araújo, Jordão

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Query optimization in nested relational databases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by, attr(A) = (N ~ 3y C scheme(A) h N = name(y)). (2. 2) 12 Note that definition 2. 2 uses the scheme() notation to extract the scheme of A as it is a name whereas definition 2. 1 uses sch() to extract the schema component of the nested...(R) be a relation-valued attribute. Let X = attr(R) ? B' and attr(B') = (Br Bz '' B }. Then unnesting of R on B' is defined as: sch(p[B'](R)) = sch(R) ? ((B', scheme(B'))) U ((A, scheme(A))[A 6 attr(B')} val(p[B'](R)) = (t [ (3s C val(R)), (t(X) =s...

Rathakrishnan, Balaji

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

On the vierbein formalism of general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Both the Einstein-Hilbert action and the Einstein equations are discussed under the absolute vierbein formalism. Taking advantage of this form, we prove that the "kinetic energy" term, i.e., the quadratic term of time derivative term, in the Lagrangian of the Einstein-Hilbert action is non-positive definitive. And then, we present two groups of coordinate conditions that lead to positive definitive kinetic energy term in the Lagrangian, as well as the corresponding actions with positive definitive kinetic energy term, respectively. Based on the ADM decomposition, the Hamiltonian representation and canonical quantization of general relativity taking advantage of the actions with positive definitive kinetic energy term are discussed; especially, the Hamiltonian constraints with positive definitive kinetic energy term are given, respectively. Finally, we present a group of gauge conditions such that there is not any second time derivative term in the ten Einstein equations.

T. Mei

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

475

Analysis of Senate Bill 1104: Diabetes-related Complications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Employment Employment/statistics & numerical data HealthEmployment/statistics & numerical data Publisherstatistics & numerical data Social Class Socioeconomic Factors Therapeutic use Efficiency, Organizational Employment

California Health Benefits Review Program (CHBRP)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Jointly Sponsored Research Program Energy Related Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cooperative Agreement, DE-FC26-98FT40323, Jointly Sponsored Research (JSR) Program at Western Research Institute (WRI) began in 1998. Over the course of the Program, a total of seventy-seven tasks were proposed utilizing a total of $23,202,579 in USDOE funds. Against this funding, cosponsors committed $26,557,649 in private funds to produce a program valued at $49,760,228. The goal of the Jointly Sponsored Research Program was to develop or assist in the development of innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources - coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. Under the JSR Program, energy-related tasks emphasized enhanced oil recovery, heavy oil upgrading and characterization, coal beneficiation and upgrading, coal combustion systems development including oxy-combustion, emissions monitoring and abatement, coal gasification technologies including gas clean-up and conditioning, hydrogen and liquid fuels production, coal-bed methane recovery, and the development of technologies for the utilization of renewable energy resources. Environmental-related activities emphasized cleaning contaminated soils and waters, processing of oily wastes, mitigating acid mine drainage, and demonstrating uses for solid waste from clean coal technologies, and other advanced coal-based systems. Technology enhancement activities included resource characterization studies, development of improved methods, monitors and sensors. In general the goals of the tasks proposed were to enhance competitiveness of U.S. technology, increase production of domestic resources, and reduce environmental impacts associated with energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the JSR Program.

Western Research Institute

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

477

Oil shale, tar sands, and related materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This sixteen-chapter book focuses on the many problems and the new methodology associated with the commercialization of the oil shale and tar sand industry. Topics discussed include: an overview of the Department of Energy's oil shale R, D, and D program; computer simulation of explosive fracture of oil shale; fracturing of oil shale by treatment with liquid sulfur dioxide; chemistry of shale oil cracking; hydrogen sulfide evolution from Colorado oil shale; a possible mechanism of alkene/alkane production in oil shale retorting; oil shale retorting kinetics; kinetics of oil shale char gasification; a comparison of asphaltenes from naturally occurring shale bitumen and retorted shale oils: the influence of temperature on asphaltene structure; beneficiation of Green River oil shale by density methods; beneficiation of Green River oil shale pelletization; shell pellet heat exchange retorting: the SPHER energy-efficient process for retorting oil shale; retorted oil shale disposal research; an investigation into the potential economics of large-scale shale oil production; commercial scale refining of Paraho crude shale oil into military specification fuels; relation between fuel properties and chemical composition; chemical characterization/physical properties of US Navy shale-II fuels; relation between fuel properties and chemical composition: stability of oil shale-derived jet fuel; pyrolysis of shale oil residual fractions; synfuel stability: degradation mechanisms and actual findings; the chemistry of shale oil and its refined products; the reactivity of Cold Lake asphaltenes; influence of thermal processing on the properties of Cold Lake asphaltenes: the effect of distillation; thermal recovery of oil from tar sands by an energy-efficient process; and hydropyrolysis: the potential for primary upgrading of tar sand bitumen.

Stauffer, H.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

An evaluation of Stones method to determinte pseudo-relative permeability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be evaluated to calculate the pseudo-relative permeability. The equation used for pseudo oil viscosity is given by Eq. 2-6. This equation is derived in Appendix A and is based on equations presented by Stone. 7 This equation will be discussed later. Kk Z (q... pressure. (4) Pseudo oil viscosity is calculated as the sum of the oil viscosities for each fine grid block at the outlet face of the upstream equivalent coarse grid block, using oil flow rates as the weighting factor. This oil flow rates are calculated...

Permadi, Asep Kurnia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Hawaii Department of Labor and Industrial Relations Occupational...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Industrial Relations Occupational Safety and Health Division Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Labor and Industrial Relations Occupational Safety and...

480

Physics of Accelerators and Related Technology for International...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Physics of Accelerators and Related Technology for International Students (PARTI). Physics of Accelerators and Related Technology for International Students (PARTI). December 14,...

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481

2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials The 2006 National Congestion...

482

FY 2014 Real Property Data Related to Operations and Maintenance...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

FY 2014 Real Property Data Related to Operations and Maintenance Guidance FY 2014 Real Property Data Related to Operations and Maintenance Guidance FY2014DataRelatedtoOperatio...

483

Understanding Collection-Related Losses in Organic Solar Cells...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding Collection-Related Losses in Organic Solar Cells Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > Understanding Collection-Related Losses in Organic Solar Cells...

484

Recovery Act: State Assistance for Recovery Act Related Electricity...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Center Recovery Act Recovery Act: State Assistance for Recovery Act Related Electricity Policies Recovery Act: State Assistance for Recovery Act Related Electricity...

485

Determination of Water Saturation in Relatively Dry Porous Media...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Saturation in Relatively Dry Porous Media Using Gas-phase Tracer Tests. Determination of Water Saturation in Relatively Dry Porous Media Using Gas-phase Tracer Tests....

486

Perched-Water Analysis Related to Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Perched-Water Analysis Related to Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant Transport and Impact to Groundwater. Perched-Water Analysis Related to Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant Transport and...

487

Public Roundtable- Data Access and Privacy Issues Related to...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Public Roundtable- Data Access and Privacy Issues Related to Smart Grid Technologies Public Roundtable- Data Access and Privacy Issues Related to Smart Grid Technologies Transcript...

488

Review of Concrete Biodeterioration in Relation to Buried Nuclear Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-term storage of low level radioactive material in below ground concrete disposal units (DUs) (Saltstone Disposal Facility) is a means of depositing wastes generated from nuclear operations of the U.S. Department of Energy. Based on the currently modeled degradation mechanisms, possible microbial induced effects on the structural integrity of buried low level wastes must be addressed. Previous international efforts related to microbial impacts on concrete structures that house low level radioactive waste showed that microbial activity can play a significant role in the process of concrete degradation and ultimately structural deterioration. This literature review examines the recent research in this field and is focused on specific parameters that are applicable to modeling and prediction of the fate of concrete vaults housing stored wastes and the wastes themselves. Rates of concrete biodegradation vary with the environmental conditions, illustrating a need to understand the bioavailability of key compounds involved in microbial activity. Specific parameters require pH and osmotic pressure to be within a certain range to allow for microbial growth as well as the availability and abundance of energy sources like components involved in sulfur, iron and nitrogen oxidation. Carbon flow and availability are also factors to consider in predicting concrete biodegradation. The results of this review suggest that microbial activity in Saltstone, (grouted low level radioactive waste) is unlikely due to very high pH and osmotic pressure. Biodegradation of the concrete vaults housing the radioactive waste however, is a possibility. The rate and degree of concrete biodegradation is dependent on numerous physical, chemical and biological parameters. Results from this review point to parameters to focus on for modeling activities and also, possible options for mitigation that would minimize concrete biodegradation. In addition, key chemical components that drive microbial activity on concrete surfaces are discussed.

Turick, C; Berry, C.

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

The transcription factor LEF-1 induces an epithelial–mesenchymal transition in MDCK cells independent of ?-catenin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: •The transcription factor LEF-1 induces an EMT in MDCK cells. •A mutant LEF-1 that cannot interact with ?-catenin retained the ability. •The nuclear function of ?-catenin was not necessary for the LEF-1-induced EMT. •The mRNA levels of Slug, ZEB1, and ZEB2 increased significantly in these cells. -- Abstract: The epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT), a key process in the tumor metastatic cascade, is characterized by the loss of cell–cell junctions and cell polarity, as well as the acquisition of migratory and invasive properties. LEF-1 is a member of the lymphoid enhancer-binding factor/T-cell factor (LEF/TCF) family of DNA-binding transcription factors, which interact with nuclear ?-catenin and act as central transcriptional mediators of Wnt signaling. To investigate the role of LEF-1 in EMT, we generated stable LEF-1 transfectants using MDCK cells. The transfectants had a spindle-shaped mesenchymal morphology, and enhanced migration and invasiveness relative to control cells. These EMT changes were accompanied by the downregulation of an epithelial marker protein, E-cadherin, and the upregulation of mesenchymal marker proteins, vimentin and N-cadherin. Consistent with these observations, the mRNA levels of Slug, ZEB1, and ZEB2—EMT-related transcription factors—increased significantly. Although the N-terminally deleted mutant LEF-1 cannot interact with ?-catenin, it retained the ability to induce EMT. Consistent with these observations, neither the expression of a dominant negative ?-catenin/engrailed chimera, nor the expression of a cytoplasmic domain of E-cadherin that sequesters ?-catenin from binding to LEF/TCF, reversed LEF-1-induced EMT. Together, these data indicated that the nuclear function of ?-catenin was not necessary for the induction of Slug, ZEB1, and ZEB2 expression leading to EMT.

Kobayashi, Wakako; Ozawa, Masayuki, E-mail: mozawa@m.kufm.kagoshima-u.ac.jp

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

490

Human factors evaluation of teletherapy: Literature review. Volume 5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of human factors evaluations were undertaken to better understand the contributing factors to human error in the teletherapy environment. Teletherapy is a multidisciplinary methodology for treating cancerous tissue through selective exposure to an external beam of ionizing radiation. A team of human factors specialists, assisted by a panel of radiation oncologists, medical physicists, and radiation therapists, conducted site visits to radiation oncology departments at community hospitals, university centers, and free-standing clinics. A function and task analysis was performed initially to guide subsequent evaluations in the areas of workplace environment, system-user interfaces, procedures, training, and organizational practices. To further acquire an in-depth and up-to-date understanding of the practice of teletherapy in support of these evaluations, a systematic literature review was conducted. Factors that have a potential impact on the accuracy of treatment delivery were of primary concern. The present volume is the literature review. The volume starts with an overview of the multiphased nature of teletherapy, and then examines the requirement for precision, the increasing role of quality assurance, current conceptualizations of human error, and the role of system factors such as the workplace environment, user-system interfaces, procedures, training, and organizational practices.

Henriksen, K.; Kaye, R.D.; Jones, R. [Hughes Training, Inc., Falls Church, VA (United States); Morisseau, D.S.; Serig, D.L. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Div. of Systems Technology

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

DETERMINATION OF STOKES SHAPE FACTOR FOR SINGLE PARTICLES AND AGGLOMERATES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large octahedral crystals of spinel can precipitate from glass during the high-level waste vitrification process and potentially block the glass discharge riser of electrically heated ceramic melters. To help predict the settling behavior of spinel in the riser, the settling of single particles and agglomerates was studied in stagnant and transparent viscosity oils at room temperature with developed optical particle-dynamics-analyzer. Determined dimensions and terminal settling velocities of particles were used for calculation of their Stokes shape factors. Calculated shape factor for the glass beads was almost identical with the theoretical shape factor of 2/9 for a perfect sphere. The shape factor for single spinel crystal was about 7.6 % higher compare to the theoretically predicted value for octahedron. Stokes shape factor of irregularly shaped multi-particle agglomerates was lower than that of the glass beads and individual spinel crystals because of the higher surface drag caused by the larger surface area to volume ratio.

Matyas, Josef; Schaible, Micah J.; Vienna, John D.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The Science, Technology and Mission Design for the Laser Astrometric Test of Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Laser Astrometric Test of Relativity (LATOR) is a Michelson-Morley-type experiment designed to test the Einstein's general theory of relativity in the most intense gravitational environment available in the solar system -- the close proximity to the Sun. By using independent time-series of highly accurate measurements of the Shapiro time-delay (laser ranging accurate to 1 cm) and interferometric astrometry (accurate to 0.1 picoradian), LATOR will measure gravitational deflection of light by the solar gravity with accuracy of 1 part in a billion, a factor ~30,000 better than currently available. LATOR will perform series of highly-accurate tests of gravitation and cosmology in its search for cosmological remnants of scalar field in the solar system. We present science, technology and mission design for the LATOR mission.

Slava G. Turyshev

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

493

Experimental verification of the commutation relation for Pauli spin operators using single-photon quantum interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report experimental verification of the commutation relation for Pauli spin operators using quantum interference of the single-photon polarization state. By superposing the quantum operations $\\sigma_z \\sigma_x$ and $\\sigma_x \\sigma_z$ on a single-photon polarization state, we have experimentally implemented the commutator, $[\\sigma_{z}, \\sigma_{x}]$, and the anticommutator, $\\{\\sigma_{z}, \\sigma_{x}\\}$, and have demonstrated the relative phase factor of $\\pi$ between $\\sigma_z \\sigma_x$ and $\\sigma_x \\sigma_z$ operations. The experimental quantum operation corresponding to the commutator, $[\\sigma_{z}, \\sigma_{x}]=k\\sigma_y$, showed process fidelity of 0.94 compared to the ideal $\\sigma_y$ operation and $|k|$ is determined to be $2.12\\pm0.18$.

Yong-Su Kim; Hyang-Tag Lim; Young-Sik Ra; Yoon-Ho Kim

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

494

The ESO Nearby Abell Cluster Survey IX. The morphology-radius and morphology-density relations in rich galaxy clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the morphology-radius (MR-) and morphology-density (MD-) relations for a sample of about 850 galaxies (with M = -22), the S0 galaxies and the early spirals have different Sigma1-distributions. The reason for this is that Sigma1 is much less correlated with R than is Sigma10, and thus has much less cross-talk from the (MR-) relation. On average, the 'normal' ellipticals populate environments with higher projected density than do the S0 galaxies while the early spirals populate even less dense environments. The segregation of the brightest ellipticals and the late spirals is driven mostly by global factors, while the segregation between 'normal' ellipticals, S0 galaxies and early spirals is driven primarily by local factors.

T. Thomas; P. Katgert

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

495

The Spin Holonomy Group In General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has recently been shown by Goldberg et al that the holonomy group of the chiral spin-connection is preserved under time evolution in vacuum general relativity. Here, the underlying reason for the time-independence of the holonomy group is traced to the self-duality of the curvature 2-form for an Einstein space. This observation reveals that the holonomy group is time-independent not only in vacuum, but also in the presence of a cosmological constant. It also shows that once matter is coupled to gravity, the "conservation of holonomy" is lost. When the fundamental group of space is non-trivial, the holonomy group need not be connected. For each homotopy class of loops, the holonomies comprise a coset of the full holonomy group modulo its connected component. These cosets are also time-independent. All possible holonomy groups that can arise are classified, and examples are given of connections with these holonomy groups. The classification of local and global solutions with given holonomy groups is discussed.

Ted Jacobson; Joseph D. Romano

1992-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

496

Two-point derivative dispersion relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new derivation is given for the representation, under certain conditions, of the integral dispersion relations of scattering theory through local forms. The resulting expressions have been obtained through an independent procedure to construct the real part, and consist of new mathematical structures of double infinite summations of derivatives. In this new form the derivatives are calculated at the generic value of the energy $E$ and separately at the reference point $E=m$ that is the lower limit of the integration. This new form may be more interesting in certain circumstances and directly shows the origin of the difficulties in convergence that were present in the old truncated forms called standard-DDR. For all cases in which the reductions of the double to single sums were obtained in our previous work, leading to explicit demonstration of convergence, these new expressions are seen to be identical to the previous ones. We present, as a glossary, the most simplified explicit results for the DDR's in the cases of imaginary amplitudes of forms $(E/m)^\\lambda[\\ln (E/m)]^n$, that cover the cases of practical interest in particle physics phenomenology at high energies. We explicitly study the expressions for the cases with $\\lambda$ negative odd integers, that require identification of cancelation of singularities, and provide the corresponding final results.

Erasmo Ferreira; Javier Sesma

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

497

Relative sensitivity of formability to anisotropy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work compares the relative importance of material anisotropy in sheet forming as compared to other material and process variables. The comparison is made quantitative by the use of normalized dependencies of depth to failure (forming limit is reached) on various measures of anisotropy, as well as strain and rate sensitivity, friction, and tooling. Comparisons are made for a variety of forming processes examined previously in the literature as well as two examples of complex stampings in this work. 7 The examples rover a range from nearly pure draw to nearly pure stretch situations, and show that for materials following a quadratic yield criterion, anisotropy is among the most sensitive parameters influencing formability. For materials following higher-exponent yield criteria, the dependency is milder but is still of the order of most other process parameters. However, depending on the particular forming operation, it is shown that in some cases anisotropy may be ignored, whereas in others its consideration is crucial to a good quality analysis.

Logan, R.W.; Maker, B.N.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Money Related Decommissioning and Funding Decision Making  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

'Money makes the world go round', as the song says. It definitely influences decommissioning decision-making and financial assurance for future decommissioning. This paper will address two money-related decommissioning topics. The first is the evaluation of whether to continue or to halt decommissioning activities at Fermi 1. The second is maintaining adequacy of financial assurance for future decommissioning of operating plants. Decommissioning costs considerable money and costs are often higher than originally estimated. If costs increase significantly and decommissioning is not well funded, decommissioning activities may be deferred. Several decommissioning projects have been deferred when decision-makers determined future spending is preferable than current spending, or when costs have risen significantly. Decommissioning activity timing is being reevaluated for the Fermi 1 project. Assumptions for waste cost-escalation significantly impact the decision being made this year on the Fermi 1 decommissioning project. They also have a major impact on the estimated costs for decommissioning currently operating plants. Adequately funding full decommissioning during plant operation will ensure that the users who receive the benefit pay the full price of the nuclear-generated electricity. Funding throughout operation also will better ensure that money is available following shutdown to allow decommissioning to be conducted without need for additional funds.

Goodman, Lynne S. [Detroit Edison Company, 6400 N. Dixie Highway, Newport, Michigan 48162 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

Asbestos-related pulmonary disease in boilermakers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boilermakers are skilled building tradesmen who construct, repair, and dismantle boilers. The present study reports on the evaluation of members of a Michigan boilermaker's union for the presence of signs and symptoms of chronic pulmonary disease. Study variables included standardized evaluations of chest x-ray findings, pulmonary function testing, physical examination, and respiratory symptoms. An overall participation rate of 69% was achieved. A non-participant survey identified no significant differences between participants and non-participants in dyspnea, cough, age, or smoking history. Among participants with greater than 20 years experience in the trade, the mean FVC was 91% of predicted; the FEV1 was 86% of predicted; 25% showed at least a 1/0 profusion of interstitial markings on chest x-ray; 30% had bilateral pleural abnormalities; and 52% had audible inspiratory rales on physical examination. Forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume at one second both decreased with years in the trade. Chest x-ray findings of interstitial fibrosis and pleural plaques were related to ten or more years in the trade, as were respiratory symptoms of pulmonary rales, wheeze, and dyspnea.

Demers, R.Y.; Neale, A.V.; Robins, T.; Herman, S.C. (Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Relation of Soil Nitrogen, Nitrification and Ammonification to Pot Experiments.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................ 6 Relation of the Crops to the Total Nitrogen of the Soil ........... 7 Relation of the Different Crops ................................. 8 Relation of Surface Soil to Subsoil ............................. 13 Acid Soils Compared with Non-Acid... of Production of Nitrates to the Results of the Pot Ex- periments ................................................ 21 Extensive Work ............................................ 24 Relation of Nitric Nitrogen to Nitrogen Removed by First Crop .... 24...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z