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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Haskel/BuTech/PPI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentation Presentation For Argonne National Laboratory Haskel/BuTech/PPI Products * 100,000psi Liquid Pumps * 37,000psi Gas Boosters * 15,000psi Diaphragm Comp * 4,500psi Air Amplifiers * 150,000psi Valves, Fittings, and Tubing * 15,000psi Sub-Sea Valves (1" orifice) * Air Pilot Switches & Relief Valves Valves, Fittings & Tubing Pumps, Boosters, & Diaphragm Compressors & Systems Hydraulic Gas Booster Challenges * Global Material Regulations - KHK Japan recommends A286 & 316 SS with high nickel content - Europe recommends 316SS - North America does not appear to regulate * Global Certifications - CE & ATEX * Low Inlet vs. High Outlet (Suction vs Discharge) - Multiple compression stages - Elevated temperatures

2

DETERMINATION OF RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF NONPROLIFERATION FACTORS  

SciTech Connect

Methodologies to determine the proliferation resistance (PR) of nuclear facilities often rely on either expert elicitation, a resource-intensive approach without easily reproducible results, or numeric evaluations, which can fail to take into account the institutional knowledge and expert experience of the nonproliferation community. In an attempt to bridge the gap and bring the institutional knowledge into numeric evaluations of PR, a survey was conducted of 33 individuals to find the relative importance of a set of 62 nonproliferation factors, subsectioned into groups under the headings of Diversion, Transportation, Transformation, and Weaponization. One third of the respondents were self-described nonproliferation professionals, and the remaining two thirds were from secondary professions related to nonproliferation, such as industrial engineers or policy analysts. The factors were taken from previous work which used multi-attribute utility analysis with uniform weighting of attributes and did not include institutional knowledge. In both expert and non-expert groups, all four headings and the majority of factors had different relative importance at a confidence of 95% (p=0.05). This analysis and survey demonstrates that institutional knowledge can be brought into numeric evaluations of PR, if there is a sufficient investment of resources made prior to the evaluation.

Richard Metcalf

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

TO I Ppi B. Harris, Chief, Industrial Rygiene Branah  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Ppi B. Harris, Chief, Industrial Rygiene Branah Ppi B. Harris, Chief, Industrial Rygiene Branah DATE: .' hpt Health and Safe i-?iSiOll FROM .t A. 3. Breslin 8v SUBJECT: URBHNad ROD DR&RG,TEST AILTWYCKoFF STEZL COO SYMBOL: RSHG%JB:~O On September 6, the m iter accompanied M re Fe Stroke to the Steel Co. in Bewark to witness the trial drawing of l-1/2 i diameter uranium rods* !l'w rods, about four feet in length, were used in the test. just dipped in an 6% solution of hot sulfurio acid, rinsed and ooated in a hot Ca(OH)2 bathe !fhey were D water, In the first attempt at drgsing, the rod jmxmed in the die - ahdhad to bs removed by the use of asludge hammere For the seoond 'attempt, a larger dismeter die was substituted but the drawing was adcompanied by oonsiderable poiee and vibration. Unfortuuatsly, no se&e was

4

Pricing Effect of Restaurant Industry Related Factors on Fama French Three Factor Model.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the addition of restaurant industry-related factors on the accuracy and explanatory power of the… (more)

Denizci, Basak

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Electrical characteristics of double stacked Ppy-PVA supercapacitor for powering biomedical MEMS devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses planar and double stacked supercapacitors with interwoven electrodes. Here, we study surface charge densities and capacitance performances of planar and sandwiched double stacked interdigital electrodes MEMS supercapacitors, and ... Keywords: BioMEMS, Double stacked supercapacitor, Polypyrrole (Ppy), Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)

Hafzaliza Erny Zainal Abidin, Azrul Azlan Hamzah, Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis, Jumril Yunas, Norihan Abdul Hamid, Ummikalsom Abidin

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Heavy Hadron Form Factor Relations for $m_c\  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First order power corrections to current matrix elements between heavy meson or $\\Lambda_\\Q$ baryon states are shown to vanish at the zero recoil point to all orders in QCD. Five relations among the six form factors that parametrize the semileptonic decay $\\Lambda_b \\to \\Lambda_c e \\overline{\

Peter Cho; Benjamin Grinstein

1992-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

7

Price Setting Behaviour in Spain: Evidence from Micro PPI data", ECB working paper No  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study was conducted in the context of the Eurosystem Inflation Persistence Network. We are extremely grateful to the Instituto Nacional de Estadística for providing us with the dataset, and particularly to Manuel Garrido for his help. In addition, we wish to thank Philip Vermeulen This paper identifies the basic features of price setting behaviour at the producer level in the Spanish economy. For this purpose, our analysis draws on the micro-dataset underlying the construction of the Producer Price Index (PPI). This dataset contains around 1.6 million price records over the period from November 1991 to February 1999. The broad coverage of the

Luis J. Álvarez; Banco De España; Pablo Burriel; Banco De España; Ignacio Hernando; Banco De España

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: National Association of Home Builders Focus Area: Multi-sector Impact Evaluation Topics: Policy Impacts Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.nahb.org/fileUpload_details.aspx?contentID=139993 This document talks about the increase residential density, primarily on the grounds that it will reduce vehicle miles traveled,a measure that is closely related to the GHG emissions from driving. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Research_on_Factors_Relating_to_Density_and_Climate_Change&oldid=515031"

9

IIFET 2004 Japan Proceedings TUNA PRICE IN RELATION TO ECONOMIC FACTORS AND SEA SURFACE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IIFET 2004 Japan Proceedings 1 TUNA PRICE IN RELATION TO ECONOMIC FACTORS AND SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE IN FRESH TUNA MARKET Minling Pan, National Marine Fisheries Services, Minling.Pan@noaa.gov Samuel the main factors that affected seasonal variation of fresh tuna price through a statistical approach

10

The p/pi ratio pT-dependence in the RHIC range od baryo-chemical potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The BRAHMS measurement of proton-to-pion ratios in Au+Au and p+p collisions at 62.4 and 200 GeV is presented as a function of transverse momentum and collision centrality within the pseudorapidity range 0 = 1.5 GeV/c. For these energy and pseudorapidity interval no centrality dependency of p/pi ratio is observed. The baryon-to-meson ratio of nucleus-nucleus data are consistent with results obtained for p+p interactions.

N. Katrynska; P. Staszel

2008-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

11

Relative Condition Factors of Fish as Bioindicators One Year after the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creel surveys were performed over a three week period in late spring, 2011, in the Lafourche and Calcasieu area estuaries of the Louisiana Gulf Coast. Weights and lengths were measured for black drum (Pogonias cromis), red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus), and spotted seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus), and relative condition factors were calculated relative to expected weights from the long term (5 year) Louisiana data for each species. A normal relative condition factor is 1.00. The mean relative condition factors in the Lafourche area were black drum, 0.955 (0.020); red drum, 0.955 (0.011); spotted seatrout, 0.994 (0.009). In the Calcasieu area, the mean relative condition factors were black drum, 0.934 (0.017); red drum, 0.965 (0.014); spotted seatrout, 0.971 (0.010). Uncertainties are in parentheses. Results suggest that the abundance of primary food sources for black drum and red drum in Lafourche, including oysters and crab, were likely affected by the oil spill and continued to be reduced one year later. Increa...

Courtney, Joshua; Courtney, Amy; Torano, Joseph; Courtney, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Risk factors for work-related symptoms in northern California office workers  

SciTech Connect

In most episodes of health complaints reported in office buildings in the last-twenty years, causal factors have not been identified. In order to assess risk factors for work-related symptoms in office workers, a reanalysis was performed of previous studies, and an epidemiologic study was conducted. The reanalysis of data, showed remarkable agreement among studies. Air-conditioned buildings were consistently associated with higher prevalence of headache, lethargy, and eye, nose, or throat problems. Humidification was not a necessary factor for this higher prevalence. Mechanical ventilation without air-conditioning was not associated with higher symptom prevalence. A study was conducted among 880 office workers, within 12 office buildings selected without regard to worker complaints, in northern California. A number of factors were found associated with prevalence of work-related symptoms, after adjustment in a logistic regression model for personal, psychosocial, job, workspace, and building factors. Two different ventilation types were associated with increases Ln symptom prevalence, relative to workers in naturally ventilated buildings: mechanical supply and exhaust ventilation, without air conditioning and with operable windows; and air-conditioning with sealed windows. No study buildings were humidified. In both these ventilation types, the highest odds ratios (ORs) found were for skin symptoms (ORs-5.0, 5.6) and for tight chest or difficulty breathing (ORs-3.6, 4.3). Use of carbonless copies or photocopiers, sharing a workspace, carpets, new carpets, new walls, and distance from a window were associated with symptom increases. Cloth partitions and new paint were associated with symptom decreases.

Mendell, M.J.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

China PPI EE CSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Pulp and Paper Industry in China Lingbo Kong, Ali Hasanbeigi, Lynn Price China Energy Group Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Huanbin Liu State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering South China University of Technology January 2013 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY LBNL-6107E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the

14

Hailstone Shape Factor and Its Relation to Radar Interpretation of Hail  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shape factor of hailstones, defined as the ratio of their long and short axes (m?/m), has been measured for hailstones from three geographical areas: northeastern Colorado, central Oklahoma and central Alberta. The results show a general ...

Nancy C. Knight

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Survey on Cooling Costs and Related Factors for Apartments in an Urban Area of Osaka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A questionnaire survey was carried out to assess cooling behaviors and cooling costs for 290 apartments in an urban area. 1) Cooling costs are strongly related to the number of air conditioners, the months of occupation, and the air conditioner usage frequency during sleep. Lifestyle and ecological interest do not decrease costs. 2) Target temperatures of air conditioning are strongly related to the air pollution outdoors, and to the frequency of window opening. Cooling temperatures are affected by the residents' constitution. 3) Both cooling temperature and air-conditioner use frequency are higher for residents worried more about dew, humidity, odors, and mold. 4) Air-conditioner use frequency is higher for residents who are annoyed by glances from outside and for those with a higher preference of outdoors. 5) South openings are related to the lower cooling costs and higher cooling temperatures, whereas west openings are related to higher cooling costs.

Umemiya, N.; Lin, X.; Inoue, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Effects of Relational Factors and Channel Climate on EDI Usage in the Customer-Supplier Relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Managing electronic trading partner relationships is a key to successful development of an interorganizational systems (IOS) network. Firms often exercise their power and offer reciprocal investments to their trading partners in developing an IOS network. ... Keywords: Buyer–, Seller Relationships, Electronic Data Interchange, Information Technology Use, Interorganizational Relations And Cooperation, Interorganizational Systems

Jai-Yeol Son; Sridhar Narasimhan; Frederick J. Riggins

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Cobalt-polypyrrole-carbon black (Co-PPY-CB) Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR) in Fuel Cells: Composition and Kinetic Activity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electrocatalysts consisting of polypyrrole (PPY) and Co deposited on carbon black (CB) at several compositions were prepared and tested for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in a HClO4 buffer (pH = 1) using a rotating ring-disk electrode (RRDE). It was determined that the most favorable catalyst composition (prior to calcination) had a CB:PPY weight ratio of 2 and a pyrrole:Co (i.e., PY:Co) molar ratio of 4. This catalyst had an onset potential of 0.785 V (vs. RHE) and a mass activity of ca. 1 A/g{sub cata} at the fuel cell relevant voltage of 0.65 V. Furthermore, it was found that the number of electrons exchanged during the ORR with the catalyst was ca. 3.5 and resulted in 28% yield of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} at 0.65 V, which hints to an indirect 4e{sup -} reduction of O{sub 2} to H{sub 2}O, with H{sub 2}O{sub 2} as an intermdiate. From energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis, it is proposed that a PY:Co ratio of 4 favors the formation, prior to calcination, in the catalyst precursor of Co-N complexes in which Co is coordinated to 3 or 4 N atoms, resulting in strong Co-N interactions that limit the formation upon calcination of low ORR activity Co nanoparticles. These Co-N complexes give rise upon calcination to CoN{sub x-2} sites in which the coordination of Co could favor the adsorption on them of O{sub 2}, which would make those sites particularly active and selective. At the same mass acitivity of 1 A/g{sub cata}, the voltage yielded by the catalyst was 200 mV lower than that for a state-of-the-art Pt (10 wt.%) catalyst, whoch H{sub 2}O{sub 2} output at 0.85 V was 39% and involves the exchange of 3.2 e{sup -}, overall making our material an attractive substitute to noble metal ORR electrocatalysts.

D Nguyen-Thanh; A Frenkel; J Wang; S OBrien; D Akins

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

18

Calibrating the Cepheid Period-Luminosity relation from the infrared surface brightness technique I. The p-factor, the Milky Way relations, and a universal K-band relation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine Period-Luminosity relations for Milky Way Cepheids in the optical and near-IR bands. These relations can be used directly as reference for extra-galactic distance determination to Cepheid populations with solar metallicity, and they form the basis for a direct comparison with relations obtained in exactly the same manner for stars in the Magellanic Clouds, presented in an accompanying paper. In that paper we show that the metallicity effect is very small and consistent with a null effect, particularly in the near-IR bands, and we combine here all 111 Cepheids from the Milky Way, the LMC and SMC to form a best relation. We employ the near-IR surface brightness (IRSB) method to determine direct distances to the individual Cepheids after we have recalibrated the projection factor using the recent parallax measurements to ten Galactic Cepheids and the constraint that Cepheid distances to the LMC should be independent of pulsation period. We confirm our earlier finding that the projection factor for c...

Storm, J; Fouque, P; Barnes, T G; Pietrzynski, G; Nardetto, N; Weber, M; Granzer, T; Strassmeier, K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

An Assessment of Industry Data Related to Essential Variables for Fusing High Density Polyethylene Pipe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has expressed concern about the essential variables used for fusing safety-related nuclear power plant piping systems constructed of high density polyethylene (HDPE). The essential variables detailed in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Code Case N-755-1, “Use of Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe,” were considered to be incomplete. In addition, there were questions about using data in the Plastic Pipe Institute (PPI) report TR-33 ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

20

Retention indices, relative response factors, and mass spectra of trifluoroethyl and heptafluorobutyl esters of carboxylic acids determined by capillary GC/MS  

SciTech Connect

The GC/MS characteristics of carboxylic acid esters prepared from fluorine-containing alcohols were compared to those of methyl esters. The GC retention of 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl (TFE) esters was less than, and 2,2,3,3,4,4,4-heptafluoro-1-butyl (HFB) esters approximately equivalent to that of methyl esters. The peak shape of both TFE and HFB esters was slightly superior to that of methyl esters. Mass spectra of TFE and HFB aliphatic esters show significantly more intense molecular and key fragment ions than those of methyl esters. Also, owing to their significantly higher molecular weights, TFE or HFB ester molecular ions and most fragment ions of interest occur at significantly higher m/z values than most potential interfering ions. The GC retention indices, relative GC/MS total ion current response factors, and 70 eV electron impact mass spectra of about 70 TFE and 70 HFB carboxylic acid esters are reported. Results from analysis of a TFE/HFB esterified petroleum carboxylic acid concentrate are discussed in detail. 26 refs., 17 figs., 3 tabs.

Yu, S.K.-T.; Vrana, R.P.; Green, J.B.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Basis of conversion factors for energy equivalents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Basis of conversion factors for energy equivalents Conversion factors for energy equivalents are derived from the following relations: ...

22

Leptin gene expression and circulating leptin in relation to luteinizing hormone, growth hormone, insulin, and insulin-like growth factor-I in prepubertal heifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present study tested the hypothesis that short-term fasting would reduce leptin gene expression, circulating leptin, and luteinizing hormone (LH) pulsatility in prepubertal heifers in association with a decrease in circulating concentrations of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Twelve prepubertal crossbred heifers (average body weight = 315 [] 5 kg) were assigned randomly to one of two treatments in two replicates: 1) Control; normal feed consumption (n=6) and 2) Fasted; 48 h of total feed restriction (n=6). Blood samples were collected at 15-min intervals for 8 h on Days 0 and 2 of the experiment, and twice on Day 1. Subcutaneous fat samples were collected before treatment onset (Day -1) and at the end of the intensive blood sampling on Day 2. Acute feed restriction markedly reduced leptin messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) in adipose tissue (p < 0.01) and circulating concentrations of leptin (p < 0.05), IGF-I (p < 0.01), and insulin (p = 0.05) compared to Controls on Day 2. Moreover, the treatment x day interaction (p < 0.076) and within-day contrasts (expressed as a percentage of Day 0 values) revealed that the mean frequency of LH pulses in the fasted group declined (p < 0.01) and was lower (p < 0.06) than in Controls on Day 2. Neither mean concentrations of growth hormone (GH) nor GH secretory dynamics were affected by acute feed restriction. Fasting-mediated decreases in leptin gene expression and circulating leptin, in association with reductions in secretion of IGF-I, insulin, and LH, provide a basis for investigating leptin as a metabolic hormone that signals energy status to the central reproductive axis in cattle.

Amstalden, Marcel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

The Douglas Factors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Douglas Factors Douglas Factors The Merit Systems Protection Board in its landmark decision, Douglas vs. Veterans Administration, 5 MSPR 280, established criteria that supervisors must consider in determining an appropriate penalty to impose for an act of employee misconduct. These twelve factors are commonly referred to as "Douglas Factors: (1) The nature and seriousness of the offense, and its relation to the employee's duties, position, and responsibilities, including whether the offense was intentional or technical or inadvertent, or was committed maliciously or for gain, or was frequently repeated; (2) the employee's job level and type of employment, including supervisory or fiduciary role,

24

Conversion Factor  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Conversion Factor (Btu per cubic foot) Production Marketed... 1,110 1,106 1,105 1,106 1,109 Extraction Loss ......

25

Douglas Factors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Merit Systems Protection Board in its landmark decision, Douglas vs. Veterans Administration, 5 MSPR 280, established criteria that supervisors must consider in determining an appropriate penalty to impose for an act of employee misconduct. These twelve factors are commonly referred to as “Douglas Factors” and have been incorporated into the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Personnel Management System and various FAA Labor Agreements.

26

Definition: Distribution Factor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Also Known As Transfer Distribution Factor Related Terms Interchange Transaction, transmission lines, facility, Interchange, transmission line, flowgate, smart grid...

27

Community Relations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Students at EnergySmart Schools and people at Rebuilding Together events Community Relations EETD and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's community relations mission and...

28

Community Discovery via Metagraph Factorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work aims at discovering community structure in rich media social networks through analysis of time-varying, multirelational data. Community structure represents the latent social context of user actions. It has important applications such as search ... Keywords: MetaFac, community discovery, dynamic social network analysis, metagraph factorization, nonnegative tensor factorization, relational hypergraph

Yu-Ru Lin; Jimeng Sun; Hari Sundaram; Aisling Kelliher; Paul Castro; Ravi Konuru

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Definition: Generator-To-Load Distribution Factor | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on an identified transmission facility or Flowgate.1 Related Terms Load Shift Factor, transmission lines, Generator Shift Factor, transmission line, flowgate, smart grid...

30

Relative Corrosivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Measured atmospheric-corrosion rates for steel and zinc...Relative corrosivity Steel Zinc 1 Normal Wells, Northwest Territory Rural 0.02 0.2 2 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Rural 0.2 0.2 9 State College, PA (a) Rural 1.0 1.0 17 Pittsburgh, PA (roof) Industrial 1.8 1.5 18 London (Battersea), U.K. Industrial 2.0 1.2 27 Bayonne, NJ Industrial 3.4 3.1 28 Kure...

31

Conversion factors for energy equivalents: All factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Conversion factors for energy equivalents Return to online conversions. Next page of energy equivalents. Definition of uncertainty ...

32

An Examination of the Thermally Related Factors Influencing the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The melting/dissolution behaviour of solids in molten titanium has ... An Effective Method for Determining Single Crystal Material Parameters in  ...

33

Renewable Energy Across the 50 United States and Related Factors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Renewable energy production replaces diminishing non-renewable energy sources including fossil fuels. Major sources of renewable energy include biofuels, geothermal, hydroelectric, solar thermal and photovoltaic, wind,… (more)

Christenson, Cynthia Brit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Factor Graphs for Relational Regression Sumit Prakash Chopra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it is convenient and useful to capture the overall average price trends followed by a group of houses economic crises, is understanding real estate prices. The price of a house clearly depends on its individual attributes, such as, the number of bedrooms. However, the price also depends on the neighborhood

Mohri, Mehryar

35

Conversion factors for energy equivalents: All factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Previous page of energy equivalents. Definition of uncertainty notation eg, 123(45) | Basis of conversion factors for energy equivalents. Top. ...

36

Relative permeability through fractures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The mechanism of two-phase flow through fractures is of importance in understanding many geologic processes. Currently, two-phase flow through fractures is still poorly understood. In this study, nitrogen-water experiments were done on both smooth and rough parallel plates to determine the governing flow mechanism for fractures and the appropriate methodology for data analysis. The experiments were done using a glass plate to allow visualization of flow. Digital video recording allowed instantaneous measurement of pressure, flow rate and saturation. Saturation was computed using image analysis techniques. The experiments showed that gas and liquid phases flow through fractures in nonuniform separate channels. The localized channels change with time as each phase path undergoes continues breaking and reforming due to invasion of the other phase. The stability of the phase paths is dependent on liquid and gas flow rate ratio. This mechanism holds true for over a range of saturation for both smooth and rough fractures. In imbibition for rough-walled fractures, another mechanism similar to wave-like flow in pipes was also observed. The data from the experiments were analyzed using Darcy's law and using the concept of friction factor and equivalent Reynold's number for two-phase flow. For both smooth- and rough-walled fractures a clear relationship between relative permeability and saturation was seen. The calculated relative permeability curves follow Corey-type behavior and can be modeled using Honarpour expressions. The sum of the relative permeabilities is not equal one, indicating phase interference. The equivalent homogeneous single-phase approach did not give satisfactory representation of flow through fractures. The graphs of experimentally derived friction factor with the modified Reynolds number do not reveal a distinctive linear relationship.

Diomampo, Gracel, P.

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

factor.mws - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... 0 "" {TEXT -1 61 "Be default \\+ factor factors over the field of rational numbers. ... {PARA 0 "> " 0 "" {MPLTEXT 1 0 36 "alias(beta=RootOf(x^5+x^3+x^2+x+1));" } ...

38

The effect of penetration factor, deposition, and environmental factors on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The effect of penetration factor, deposition, and environmental factors on The effect of penetration factor, deposition, and environmental factors on the indoor concentration of pm2.5 sulfate, nitrate, and carbon Title The effect of penetration factor, deposition, and environmental factors on the indoor concentration of pm2.5 sulfate, nitrate, and carbon Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2002 Authors Thatcher, Tracy L., Melissa M. Lunden, Richard G. Sextro, Susanne V. Hering, and Nancy J. Brown Conference Name Proceedings of the Indoor Air 2002 Conference, Monterey, CA Volume 1 Pagination 846-851 Publisher Indoor Air 2002, Santa Cruz, CA Abstract Indoor exposure to particles of outdoor origin constitutes an important exposure pathway. We conducted an intensive set of indoor particle measurements in an unoccupied house under differing operating conditions. Real-time measurements were conducted both indoors and outdoors, including PM2.5 nitrate, sulfate, and carbon. Because the time-scale of the fluctuations in outdoor particle concentrations and meteorological conditions are often similar to the time constant for building air exchange, a steady state concentration may never be reached. The time-series experimental data were used to determine the effect of changes in air exchange rate and indoor/outdoor temperature and relative humidity differences on indoor particle concentrations. A multivariate regression was performed to investigate the difference between measured indoor concentrations and results from a simple time-dependent physical model. Environmental conditions had a significant effect on indoor concentrations of all three PM2.5 species, but did not explain all of the model variation

39

Factors associated with drug-related harms related to policing in Tijuana, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

per day † Physical Macroenvironment Perceived decrease inprogram Physical macroenvironment Perceived a decrease in

Volkmann, Tyson; Lozada, Remedios; Anderson, Christy M; Patterson, Thomas L; Vera, Alicia; Strathdee, Steffanie A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Conversion factors for energy equivalents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Conversion factors for energy equivalents, For your convenience, you may convert energies online below. Or display factors as: ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

factors | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

36 36 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142253836 Varnish cache server factors Dataset Summary Description This dataset is from the report Operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies: a review of existing literature (J. Macknick, R. Newmark, G. Heath and K.C. Hallett) and provides estimates of operational water withdrawal and water consumption factors for electricity generating technologies in the United States. Estimates of water factors were collected from published primary literature and were not modified except for unit conversions. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released August 28th, 2012 (2 years ago)

42

FGF growth factor analogs  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides a fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the formula: ##STR00001## where R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, X, Y and Z are as defined, pharmaceutical compositions, coating compositions and medical devices including the fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the foregoing formula, and methods and uses thereof.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Takahashi, Kazuyuki (Germantown, MD)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

43

Optimizing Power Factor Correction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The optimal investment for power factor correcting capacitors for Kansas Power and Light Company large power contract customers is studied. Since the billing capacity is determined by dividing the real demand by the power factor (the minimum billing capacity is based on 80 percent of the summer peak billing capacity) and the billing capacity is used to determine the number of kilowatt-hours billed at each pricing tier, the power factor affects both the demand and the energy charge. There is almost no information available in the literature concerning recommended power factor corrections for this situation. The general advice commonly given in the past has been that power factor should be corrected to above 0.9 if it is below that value to begin with, but that does not take into account the facts of the situation studied here. Calculations relevant to a commercial consumer of electricity were made for demands of 200, 400, 800, 1,600, 3,200, and 6,400 kW and monthly energy consumption periods of 100, 150, 200, 300, 400, and 500 hours for several capacitor purchase and installation costs. The results are displayed in a series of graphs that enable annual cost savings and payback periods to be readily determined over a range of commonly encountered parameter values. It is found that it is often economically advantageous to correct a power factor to near unity.

Phillips, R. K.; Burmeister, L. C.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Agricultural Industrial Relations Bibliography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relations Act: Report. Sacramento, CA: Office of the AuditorLabor Relations Law. Sacramento, CA: California Agricultural1975-76 and 1976-77. Sacramento, CA: California Agricultural

Brown, Cheryl L.; Dote, Grace; Edmonds, Christopher M.; Perloff, Jeffrey M.; Rosenberg, Howard R.; Xiong, Nanyan

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

NIST Atomic Form Factors: Form factors and standard ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2. Form Factors and Standard Definitions. ... with ? in, eg, Ångstroms; the "anomalous" scattering factor f? (depending on x-ray energy E and the ...

46

Relational measures and integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Work in fuzzy modeling has recently made its way from the interval $[0,1]\\subseteq {\\mathord{\\rm I \\! R}}$ to the ordinal or even to the qualitative level. We proceed further and introduce relational measures and relational integration. First ideas of ... Keywords: Choquet integral, evidence and belief, measure, necessity, plausibility, possibility measures, relation algebra, relational, sugeno integral

Gunther Schmidt

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

PQ Encyclopedia: Understanding Power Factor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This PQ Encylopedia offers a thorough understanding of what power factor is, what factors affect it, and what to be aware of when attempting to improve it. In particular, efforts to remedy power factor can sometimes worsen harmonics.

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

48

ERYTHROPOIETIC FACTOR PURIFICATION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is given for purifying and concentrating the blood plasma erythropoietic factor. Anemic sheep plasma is contacted three times successively with ion exchange resins: an anion exchange resin, a cation exchange resin at a pH of about 5, and a cation exchange resin at a pH of about 6. (AEC)

White, W.F.; Schlueter, R.J.

1962-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Thermal Conversion Factor Source Documentation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

national annual quantity-weighted average conversion factors for conventional, reformulated, and oxygenated motor gasolines (see Table A3). The factor ...

50

Dis2PPI: A Workflow Designed to Integrate Proteomic and Genetic Disease Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments in bioinformatics are based on protocols that employ different steps for data mining and data integration, collectively known as computational workflows. Considering the use of databases in the biomedical sciences software that is able to ... Keywords: Bioinformatics, Data Integration, Interactomes Networks, Proteome Data, Systems Biology

Daniel Luis Notari, Samuel Brando Oldra, Mauricio Adami Mariani, Cristian Reolon, Diego Bonatto

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Dis2PPI: A Workflow Designed to Integrate Proteomic and Genetic Disease Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments in bioinformatics are based on protocols that employ different steps for data mining and data integration, collectively known as computational workflows. Considering the use of databases in the biomedical sciences software that is able to ...

Daniel Luis Notari; Samuel Brando Oldra; Mauricio Adami Mariani; Cristian Reolon; Diego Bonatto

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Many Factors Affect MPG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy How You Drive Vehicle Maintenance Fuel Variations Vehicle Variations Engine Break-In Vehicles in traffic Quick acceleration and heavy braking can reduce fuel economy by up to 33 percent on the highway and 5 percent around town. New EPA tests account for faster acceleration rates, but vigorous driving can still lower MPG. Excessive idling decreases MPG. The EPA city test includes idling, but more idling will lower MPG. Driving at higher speeds increases aerodynamic drag (wind resistance), reducing fuel economy. The new EPA tests account for aerodynamic drag up to highway speeds of 80 mph, but some drivers exceed this speed. Cold weather and frequent short trips can reduce fuel economy, since your engine doesn't operate efficiently until it is warmed up. In colder

53

Human factoring administrative procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In nonnuclear business, administrative procedures bring to mind such mundane topics as filing correspondence and scheduling vacation time. In the nuclear industry, on the other hand, administrative procedures play a vital role in assuring the safe operation of a facility. For some time now, industry focus has been on improving technical procedures. Significant efforts are under way to produce technical procedure requires that a validated technical, regulatory, and administrative basis be developed and that the technical process be established for each procedure. Producing usable technical procedures requires that procedure presentation be engineered to the same human factors principles used in control room design. The vital safety role of administrative procedures requires that they be just as sound, just a rigorously formulated, and documented as technical procedures. Procedure programs at the Tennessee Valley Authority and at Boston Edison's Pilgrim Station demonstrate that human factors engineering techniques can be applied effectively to technical procedures. With a few modifications, those same techniques can be used to produce more effective administrative procedures. Efforts are under way at the US Department of Energy Nuclear Weapons Complex and at some utilities (Boston Edison, for instance) to apply human factors engineering to administrative procedures: The techniques being adapted include the following.

Grider, D.A.; Sturdivant, M.H.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Human Factors Review Plan  

SciTech Connect

''Human Factors'' is concerned with the incorporation of human user considerations into a system in order to maximize human reliability and reduce errors. This Review Plan is intended to assist in the assessment of human factors conditions in existing DOE facilities. In addition to specifying assessment methodologies, the plan describes techniques for improving conditions which are found to not adequately support reliable human performance. The following topics are addressed: (1) selection of areas for review describes techniques for needs assessment to assist in selecting and prioritizing areas for review; (2) human factors engineering review is concerned with optimizing the interfaces between people and equipment and people and their work environment; (3) procedures review evaluates completeness and accuracy of procedures, as well as their usability and management; (4) organizational interface review is concerned with communication and coordination between all levels of an organization; and (5) training review evaluates training program criteria such as those involving: trainee selection, qualification of training staff, content and conduct of training, requalification training, and program management.

Paramore, B.; Peterson, L.R. (eds.)

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

ARM - Related Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govDataRelated Data Sets Related Data Sets Numerous ARM collaborators compile and share similar types of data from their own research efforts. The links below provide a lengthy...

56

Standard-Related Links  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Standard-Related Links. ... Association for Clinical Chemistry ACS - American Chemical Society ANSI - American National Standards Institute AOAC ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

57

Speaking with spatial relations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural language descriptions are an important step in bridging the gap between numerical representations of spatial data and the human user. In this work, we present a system for generating linguistic descriptions of the spatial relationships between ... Keywords: Allen relations, F-histograms, GIS, computer vision, directional relations, fuzzy set theory, geographical information systems, linguistic descriptions, natural language, scene understanding, set relations, spatial relationships, topological relations, uncertainty

Lukasz Wawrzyniak; Dennis Nikitenko; Pascal Matsakis

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Relational separation logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a Hoare-style logic for specifying and verifying how two pointer programs are related. Our logic lifts the main features of separation logic, from an assertion to a relation, and from a property about a single program to a relationship ... Keywords: Program verification, Relational reasoning, Schorr—Waite graph marking algorithm, Separation logic

Hongseok Yang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Assessing phylogenetic motif models for predicting transcription factor binding sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation: A variety of algorithms have been developed to predict transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) within the genome by exploiting the evolutionary information implicit in multiple alignments of the genomes of related species. One such ...

John Hawkins; Charles Grant; William Stafford Noble; Timothy L. Bailey

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Factors Affecting KM Implementation in the Chinese Community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews past research on KM to identify key factors affecting Chinese KM implementation. It begins with a chronological overview of 76 KM related publications, followed by two separate discussions of socio-cultural and non-socio-cultural factors ... Keywords: China, Chinese, KM Implementation, Knowledge Management

Yang Lin; Kimiz Dalkir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Characteristic uncertainty relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New uncertainty relations for n observables are established. The relations take the invariant form of inequalities between the characteristic coefficients of order r, r = 1,2,...,n, of the uncertainty matrix and the matrix of mean commutators of the observables. It is shown that the second and the third order characteristic inequalities for the three generators of SU(1,1) and SU(2) are minimized in the corresponding group-related coherent states with maximal symmetry.

D. A. Trifonov; S. G. Donev

1998-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

62

NREL: News - Related Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Feature News News Releases Events Awards Research Support Facility Energy Systems Integration Facility Related Links NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S....

63

AVT Related Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AVT PortalPortal HomeEAC Funded ResearchAdditional AVT Research Technology TransitionStandards & CertificationAVT Related Resources ...

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

64

WIPP - Related FOIA Sites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

again: Current Contracts Expired Contracts Other Documents Final opinions made in the adjudication of cases DOE Directives, Regulations, and Standards Other WIPP Related Documents...

65

Thermodynamics and scale relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown how the fractal paths of scale relativity (following Nottale) can be introduced into a thermodynamical context (following Asadov-Kechkin).

Carroll, Robert

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Geothermal: Related Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GEOTHERMAL TECHNOLOGIES LEGACY COLLECTION - Related Links Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On HomeBasic Search About...

67

Stress Intensification Factors and Flexibility Factors for Unreinforced Branch Connections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides equations, based on analyses and test data, for determining the stress intensification factors and flexibility factors for branch connections. The report contains results of an investigation into the flexibility and stress intensification factors of unreinforced fabricated tees (and other similar configurations). It provides flexibility equations for a more accurate evaluation of these configurations.

1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

68

Do internal factors of cooperation influence computer-mediated distance activity?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the one hand, researchers have studied factors that influence collaboration and on the other, researchers have proposed models of collaborative problem solving. However, we have not found research on the relation between these factors and the dimensions ...

Kristine Lund; Céline Rossetti; Stéphanie Metz

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

N and N to Delta transition form factors from Lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present recent lattice QCD results on nucleon form factors and N to Delta transition form factors. We predict the parity violating asymmetry in N to Delta and check the off-diagonal Goldberger-Treiman relation.

C. Alexandrou

2006-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

70

Factor Separation in Numerical Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple method is developed for computing the interactions among various factors influencing the atmospheric circulations. It is shown how numerical simulations can be utilized to obtain the pure contribution of any factor to any predicted field,...

U. Stein; P. Alpert

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions down in 2011 - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Annual energy-related carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions fell 2.4% in 2011 compared to the level in 2010. Several factors combined to produce this drop, including slower ...

72

Anthrax Lethal Factor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thiang Yian Wong, Robert Schwarzenbacher and Robert C. Liddington Thiang Yian Wong, Robert Schwarzenbacher and Robert C. Liddington The Burnham Institute, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037. Anthrax Toxin is a major virulence factor in the infectious disease, Anthrax1. This toxin is produced by Bacillus anthracis, which is an encapsulated, spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium. Inhalation anthrax, the most deadly form, is contracted through breathing spores. Once spores germinate within cells of the immune system called macrophages2, bacterial cells are released into the bloodstream. There they proliferate rapidly and secrete Anthrax Toxin, ultimately leading to septic shock and death. Although antibiotics may be used to kill the bacteria, the level of toxin has often become so high in the bloodstream that removing the bacteria alone is not sufficient to prevent death. Therefore, the design of anti-toxins offers the prospect of treatment in the advanced stages of infection. Together with collaborators from the NIH and Harvard Medical School, we are involved in the atomic resolution study of the Anthrax Toxin components and their complexes, including small molecules with therapeutic potential. Data collection at SSRL and other synchrotron radiation sources has been key to the advances made in this research so far and is expected to play a continuing role in the future.

73

Lightning Scaling Relations Revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scaling relations connecting storm electrical generator power (and hence lightning flash rate) to charge transport velocity and storm geometry were originally posed by Vonnegut in the 1960s. These were later simplified to yield simple ...

Dennis J. Boccippio

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Relational sequence learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sequential behavior and sequence learning are essential to intelligence. Often the elements of sequences exhibit an internal structure that can elegantly be represented using relational atoms. Applying traditional sequential learning techniques to such ...

Kristian Kersting; Luc De Raedt; Bernd Gutmann; Andreas Karwath; Niels Landwehr

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Lettuce and Its Relatives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vitamin A. Endive, another relative which is a close cousin to Chicory, is a native of India but was cultivated by the early Egyptians and Greeks. It has a more bitter taste...

76

Gust Factors and Turbulence Intensities for the Tropical Cyclone Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gust factors are used to convert peak wind speeds averaged over a relatively short period (e.g., 3 s) to mean wind speeds averaged over a relatively long reference period (e.g., 1 h) or vice versa. Such conversions are needed for engineering, ...

Bo Yu; Arindam Gan Chowdhury

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Jump to: navigation, search Name Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Agency/Company /Organization European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.lahmeyer.de/fileadm Country Russia Eastern Europe References Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia[1] References ↑ "Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Development_of_the_Electricity_Carbon_Emission_Factors_for_Russia&oldid=383164" Category: Programs What links here Related changes Special pages

78

Factors contributing to academic performance of students in a private university in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study aimed at identifying the models that best explain the student-related factors that contribute to the academic performance of students in the university. Students'… (more)

Karimi, Florah K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contractual, energy and market-related characteristics. Alocal-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localexpenses, and energy factor market inputs. In a companion

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

THE HUMAN FACTOR* By  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*I gratefully acknowledge the advice, encouragement, and inspiration of Nuria Chinchilla from IESE who encouraged me to think about the issue of human sustainability in both societies and companies. The helpful comments of the editor and the reviewers substantially clarified the arguments. ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVES, (in press) Although most of the research and public pressure concerning sustainability has been focused on the effects of business and organizational activity on the physical environment, companies and their management practices profoundly affect the human and social environment as well. This article briefly reviews the literature on the direct and indirect effects of organizations and their decisions about people on human health and mortality. It then considers some possible explanations for why social sustainability has received relatively short shrift in management writing, and outlines a research agenda for investigating the links between social sustainability and organizational effectiveness as well as the role

Jeffrey Pfeffer; R Esearch; P Aper; S Eries; Building Sustainable Organizations; Jeffrey Pfeffer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Nuclear magnetic moments and related sum rules  

SciTech Connect

We first review the history and our present understanding of nuclear magnetic moments and Gamow-Teller transitions, with emphasis on the roles of configuration mixing and meson exchange currents. Then we discuss the renormalization of the orbital g-factor in nuclei, and its relation to the E1 sum rule for photoabsorption and the M1 sum rule for the scissors mode of deformed nuclei.

Bentz, Wolfgang [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Arima, Akito [Musashi University, 1-26-1 Toyotama-kami, Nerima-ku, Tokyo 176-8534 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

82

Design Factors That Influence Corrosion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Corrosion factors that can influence design considerations...Inhibitors Inspection Planned maintenance Source: Ref 25...

83

A mobile relational algebra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the dynamic query optimization methods proposed in the literature are centralized. This centralization, in a large-scale environment, generates a bottleneck due to relatively important message exchange on a network with a weak bandwidth and strong ... Keywords: Large scale data distribution, decentralization, dynamic query optimization, mobile agents, performance evaluation

Franck Morvan; Abdelkader Hameurlain

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Relations among privacy notions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a hierarchy of privacy notions that covers multiple anonymity and unlinkability variants. The underlying definitions, which are based on the idea of indistinguishability between two worlds, provide new insights into the relation ... Keywords: Adversarial model, anonymity, privacy notions, unlinkability

Jens-Matthias Bohli; Andreas Pashalidis

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Predicting structure in nonsymmetric sparse matrix factorizations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many computations on sparse matrices have a phase that predicts the nonzero structure of the output, followed by a phase that actually performs the numerical computation. We study structure prediction for computations that involve nonsymmetric row and column permutations and nonsymmetric or non-square matrices. Our tools are bipartite graphs, matchings, and alternating paths. Our main new result concerns LU factorization with partial pivoting. We show that if a square matrix A has the strong Hall property (i.e., is fully indecomposable) then an upper bound due to George and Ng on the nonzero structure of L + U is as tight as possible. To show this, we prove a crucial result about alternating paths in strong Hall graphs. The alternating-paths theorem seems to be of independent interest: it can also be used to prove related results about structure prediction for QR factorization that are due to Coleman, Edenbrandt, Gilbert, Hare, Johnson, Olesky, Pothen, and van den Driessche.

Gilbert, J.R. (Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, CA (United States)); Ng, E.G. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF STEAM WATER RELATIVE PERMEABILITY RELATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF STEAM WATER RELATIVE PERMEABILITY RELATIONS A REPORT SUBMITTED;Abstract A set of relative permeability relations for simultaneous ow of steam and water in porous media with saturation and pressure measurements. These relations show that the relative permeability for steam phase

Stanford University

87

Electromagnetic form factors of hadrons  

SciTech Connect

A vector meson dominance model of the electromagnetic form factors of hadrons is developed which is based on the use of unstable particle propagators. Least-square fits are made to the proton, neutron, pion and kaon form factor data in both the space and time-like regions. A good fit to the low-energy nucleon form factor data is obtained using only rho, $omega$, and phi dominance, and leads to a determination of the vector meson resonance parameters in good agreement with experiment. The nucleon-vector meson coupling constants obey simple sum rules indicating that there exists no hard core contribution to the form factors within theoretical uncertainties. The prediction for the electromagnetic radii of the proton is in reasonable agreement with recent experiments. The pion and kaon charge form factors as deduced from the nucleon form factors assuming vector meson universality are compared to the data. The pion form factor agrees with the data in both the space and time-like regions. The pion charge radius is in agreement with the recent Dubna result, but the isovector P-wave pion-pion phase shift calculated from the theory disagrees with experiment. A possible contribution to the form factors from a heavy rho meson is also evaluated. (auth)

Zidell, V.S.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Comments on Form Factor Bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved model independent upper bounds on the weak transition form factors are derived using inclusive sum rules. Comparison of the new bounds with the old ones is made for the form factors h_{A_1} and h_V in B -> D* decays.

Chiang, C W

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Remarks on Form Factor Bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved model independent upper bounds on the weak transition form factors are derived using inclusive sum rules. Comparison of the new bounds with the old ones is made for the form factors h_{A_1} and h_V in B -> D* decays.

Cheng-Wei Chiang

1999-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Tropical Cyclogenesis Factors in a Warming Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the underlying causes of tropical cyclone formation is crucial to predicting tropical cyclone behavior in a warming environment, given the Earth's current warming trend. This study examines two sets of simulations from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Atmosphere Model version 3.1 (CAM3): one with aerosol forcings and one without. We looked at how four factors known to be important to tropical cyclone formation vary as carbon dioxde and the ensuing temperature changes increase to very high levels. These factors include Maximum Potential Intensity (MPI), mid-tropospheric moisture content, 200-850 mb vertical wind shear, and 850 mb absolute vorticity. We considered different representations of mid-tropospheric moisture by examining both relative humidity and chi, a non-dimensional measure of the saturation entropy deficit at 600 mb. We also looked at different combinations of these factors, including several variations of a Genesis Potential Index (GPI) and an incubation parameter, gamma, that is related to the length of time required to saturate the middle troposphere and aid tropical cyclogenesis. Higher MPI, lower saturation deficits and higher relative humidity, lower wind shear, and higher absolute vorticity all act to enhance the GPI and lower the incubation time, meaning larger environmental support for tropical cyclone development and intensification. In areas where tropical cyclone development is prevalent today, we found that shear generally decreased, but MPI decreased, absolute vorticity decreased, and the saturation deficit increases. Thus, in today's prevalent tropical cyclone regions, conditions become less favorable for development and intensification as the climate warms. On the other hand, genesis regions tend to push northward into the subtropics, as conditions become much more favorable for development up to ~40 degrees North due to both decreased wind shear and much higher MPI values.

Cathey, Stephen Christopher

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Related Federal Climate Efforts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Federal Climate Efforts Print E-mail Related Federal Climate Efforts Print E-mail Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage The Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a group of technologies for capturing, compressing, transporting and permanently storing power plant and industrial source emissions of carbon dioxide. Rapid development and deployment of clean coal technologies, particularly CCS, will help position the United States as a leader in the global clean energy race. Climate Change Adaptation Task Force The Task Force's work has been guided by a strategic vision of a resilient, healthy, and prosperous Nation in the face of a changing climate. To achieve this vision, the Task Force identified a set of guiding principles that public and private decision-makers should consider in designing and implementing adaptation strategies.

92

Community Relations Plan Update  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

8-TAR 8-TAR MAC-MRAP 1.9.1 Monticello Mill Tailings Superfund Site and Monticello Vicinity Properties Superfund Site Monticello, Utah Community Relations Plan Update FY 2001 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Albuquerque Operations Office Grand Junction Office Prepared by MACTEC Environmental Restoration Services, LLC Grand Junction, Colorado Work performed under DOE Contract No. DE-AC13-96GJ87335 for the U.S. Department of Energy For more information or to request additional copies of this document, please call (800) 269-7145 (Utah only) or Monticello Repository Office Complex (435) 587-4000 DOE Grand Junction Office Community Relations Plan Update FY 2001 Page v Table of Contents Terms and Abbreviations........................................................................................................... vii

93

Related Frog Web Pages  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Web Pages on Frogs Related Web Pages on Frogs The images of the frog in this kit are computer-generated. For another approach, in which photos and movies are used to follow an actual frog dissection, see the University of Virginia's pages here. For a lot of kid-oriented information about frogs, see Frogland. For live frog lovers .... Sounds of North American Frogs (a CD from Smithsonian Folkways). The Exploratorium in San Francisco maintains an on-line exhibit on frogs. Don't Dissect a Frog, Build it is a section in Nicholas Negroponte's online version of Being Digital. For veterinary and conservation issues, see Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians. And of course, The FROGGY Page Berkeley Lab | ACS | Notice to Users | Whole Frog Project | Virtual Frog Page last modified: 01/26/05

94

Fermilab Today - Related Content  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Content Related Content Subscribe | Contact Fermilab Today | Archive | Classifieds Search GO Classifieds Director's Corner Physics in a Nutshell Frontier Science Result Tip of the Week Archive User University Profiles Experiment Profiles Current Archive Current Fermilab Today Archive of 2014 Archive of 2013 Archive of 2012 Archive of 2011 Archive of 2010 Archive of 2009 Archive of 2008 Archive of 2007 Archive of 2006 Archive of 2005 Archive of 2004 Archive of 2003 CERN Courier Published by CERN Contact: cern.courier@cern.ch Computing Bits Published by Fermilab's Computing Sector Contact: http://computing.fnal.gov/news/feedback/feedback.html DPF Newsletter Published by the APS Division of Particles and Fields Contact: mcbride@fnal.gov Fermilab Friends of Science Published by Fermilab's Office of Education

95

Tests of General Relativity  

SciTech Connect

The last years have seen continuing activities in the exploration of our understanding of gravity, motivated by results from precision cosmology and new precision astrophysical experiments. At the centre of attention lies the question as to whether general relativity is the correct theory of gravity. In answering this question, we work not only towards correctly interpreting the phenomenon of 'dark energy' but also towards the goal of achieving a quantum theory of gravity. In these efforts, the observations of pulsars, especially those in binary systems, play an important role. Pulsars do not only provide the only evidence for the existence of gravitational waves so far, but they also provide precision tests of general relativity and alternative theories of gravity. This talk summarizes the current state-of-art in these experiments and looks into the future.

Kramer, Michael [MPI fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

96

Nonextensive thermodynamic relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The generalized zeroth law of thermodynamics indicates that the physical temperature in nonextensive statistical mechanics is different from the inverse of the Lagrange multiplier, ?. This leads to modifications of some of thermodynamic relations for nonextensive systems. Here, taking the first law of thermodynamics and the Legendre transform structure as the basic premises, it is found that Clausius’ definition of the thermodynamic entropy has to be appropriately modified. It is shown that the definitions of specific heat and pressure remain form invariant. Thus, the thermodynamic relations proposed by Tsallis, Mendes and Plastino [Physica A 261 (1998) 534] are rectified. As an application, the classical gas model is reexamined and, in marked contrast with the previous result using the unphysical temperature, the specific heat and the equation of state are found to be similar to those in ordinary extensive thermodynamics. PACS: 05.70.-a; 05.20.-y; 05.90.+m 1

A. Plastino

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Related Data Sites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Data Sites Related Data Sites CDIAC has listed the following Web sites because these sites offer high-quality data sets (not available through CDIAC) from a variety of global-change themes. These links will take you outside of CDIAC, therefore, we are not responsible for the content or intent of these outside links. This list is not intended to be comprehensive, but we do hope you find it useful if you cannot find what you are looking for here at CDIAC. Multi-Agency Sites Global Change Data and Information System (GCDIS) GCDIS is a collection of distributed information systems operated by government agencies involved in global change research. GCDIS provides global change data to scientists and researchers, policy makers, educators, industry, and the public at large and includes multidisciplinary data from

98

Human factors aspects of advanced instrumentation in the nuclear industry  

SciTech Connect

An important consideration in regards to the use of advanced instrumentation in the nuclear industry is the interface between the instrumentation system and the human. A survey, oriented towards identifying the human factors aspects of digital instrumentation, was conducted at a number of United States (US) and Canadian nuclear vendors and utilities. Human factors issues, subsumed under the categories of computer-generated displays, controls, organizational support, training, and related topics were identified. 20 refs., 2 tabs.

Carter, R.J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Clean Cities: Related Financial Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financial Opportunities Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Clean Cities: Related Financial Opportunities to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Related Financial Opportunities on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Related Financial Opportunities on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Related Financial Opportunities on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Related Financial Opportunities on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Related Financial Opportunities on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Related Financial Opportunities on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities Related Opportunities Funded Projects Related Financial Opportunities Transportation-related financial opportunities from organizations and federal agencies outside Clean Cities are listed below. Some of the

100

Factors of characteristic words: Location and decompositions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Let @a be an irrational number with 0Keywords: Characteristic word, Decomposition, Location, Overlap factor, Return words, Separate factor

Wai-Fong Chuan; Hui-Ling Ho

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Using partial safety factors in wind turbine design and testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the relationship between wind turbine design and testing in terms of the certification process. An overview of the current status of international certification is given along with a description of limit-state design basics. Wind turbine rotor blades are used to illustrate the principles discussed. These concepts are related to both International Electrotechnical Commission and Germanischer Lloyd design standards, and are covered using schematic representations of statistical load and material strength distributions. Wherever possible, interpretations of the partial safety factors are given with descriptions of their intended meaning. Under some circumstances, the authors` interpretations may be subjective. Next, the test-load factors are described in concept and then related to the design factors. Using technical arguments, it is shown that some of the design factors for both load and materials must be used in the test loading, but some should not be used. In addition, some test factors not used in the design may be necessary for an accurate test of the design. The results show that if the design assumptions do not clearly state the effects and uncertainties that are covered by the design`s partial safety factors, outside parties such as test labs or certification agencies could impose their own meaning on these factors.

Musial, W.D.; Butterfield, C.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Automatic Test Factoring for Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test factoring creates fast, focused unit tests from slow system-widetests; each new unit test exercises only a subset of the functionalityexercised by the system test. Augmenting a test suite with factoredunit tests ...

Saff, David

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

103

Human Factors Engineering Analysis Tool  

A new software tool enables the easy and quick selection of applicable regulatory guidelines as a starting point for human factors engineering (HFE) analyses.  Once selected, each guideline can be viewed on screen.  The software tracks and reports the ...

104

The Fermat factorization method revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the well known Fermat factorization method, we call the Fermat factorization equation the equation solved by it: P(x, y) = (x + 2R) 2 ? y 2 ? 4N = 0; where N = p q> 0 is a RSA modulus with primes p and q supposed of equal length. This equation is a bivariate integer polynomial equation and we propose to solve it directly using Coppersmith’s methods for bivariate integer polynomials. As we use them as a black box, our proofs will be brief. We show a first result: we can factor N in a polynomial time if |p ? q | < N 5/18. Using the fact that the Newton polygon of P(x, y) is in fact a lower triangle we show a better result: we can indeed factor N in a polynomial time if |p ? q | < N 1/3. We conclude with proposals for future works. 1

Robert Erra; Christophe Grenier

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Separate Training Influences Relative Validity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

concurrent inhibitory training of B were to alter respondingComparative Psychology Separate Training Influences RelativeDuring relative validity training, X was reinforced when

Mehta, Rick; Dumont, Jamie-Lynne; Combiadakis, Sharon; Williams, Douglas A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Motivational factors in educational MMORPGs: some implications for education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies have shown that motivation is an important factor positively related to learning outcomes. Thus, educators have tried to combine digital games with teaching materials to motivate students participating in learning activities for the past two ... Keywords: MMORPG, educational MMORPG, motivation

Kuo-Hsun Hung; Charles Kinzer; Cheng-Ling Alice Chen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Compounds in FEMA Temporary Housing Units Title Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Compounds in FEMA Temporary Housing Units Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-4083E Year of Publication 2010 Authors Parthasarathy, Srinandini, Randy L. Maddalena, Marion L. Russell, and Michael G. Apte Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Sixteen previously occupied temporary housing units (THUs) were studied to assess emissions of volatile organic compounds. The whole trailer emission factors were evaluated for 36 VOCs including formaldehyde. Indoor sampling was carried out in the THUs located in Purvis staging yard in Mississippi, USA. Indoor temperature and relative humidity (RH) were also measured in all the trailers during sampling. Indoor temperatures were varied (increased or decreased) in a selection of THUs using the

108

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study 8/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price Correlation of Price to Inventory Levels Crude Prices Strongly Related to OECD.Crude & Product Inventories Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices Cumulative Gasoline Price Pass-through Illustration of How Lag Effect Dampens and Slows Retail Price Changes from Wholesale Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected Summary: Most Gasoline Price Movement Can Be Explained As Rational Market Behavior Author: Joanne Shore

109

QUANTIZATION OF THE GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY  

SciTech Connect

It is possible to quantize most classical field theories by identifying the group of canonical transformations that maintain the covariance properties with a group of unitary transformations in Hilbert space that has the same commutator algebra. The computators among the canonical field variables are equal to the Dirac delta function times a factor that may be zero. But in the general theory of relativity the classical group of the canonical transformations that maintain the covariance properties of the theory has an invariance subgroup. The ambiguities thus introduced by the usual process of quantization can be avoided by the use of the Dirac quantization procedure for theories with constraints. An analogy between classical Dirac brackets and commutators is established, and an intrinsic coordinate system is fixed. This choice of local intrinsic coordinate conditions leads to commutators among the canonical field variables of the general theory of relativity that depend upon the Dirac delta function and its flrst seven derivatives. (auth)

Boardman, J.M.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Lifestyle Factors in U.S. Residential Electricity Consumption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multivariate statistical approach to lifestyle analysis of residential electricity consumption is described and illustrated. Factor analysis of selected variables from the 2005 U.S. Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) identified five lifestyle factors reflecting social and behavioral choices associated with air conditioning, laundry usage, personal computer usage, climate zone of residence, and TV use. These factors were also estimated for 2001 RECS data. Multiple regression analysis using the lifestyle factors yields solutions accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in electricity consumption for both years. By adding the associated household and market characteristics of income, local electricity price and access to natural gas, variance accounted for is increased to approximately 54%. Income contributed only {approx}1% unique variance to the 2005 and 2001 models, indicating that lifestyle factors reflecting social and behavioral choices better account for consumption differences than income. This was not surprising given the 4-fold range of energy use at differing income levels. Geographic segmentation of factor scores is illustrated, and shows distinct clusters of consumption and lifestyle factors, particularly in suburban locations. The implications for tailored policy and planning interventions are discussed in relation to lifestyle issues.

Sanquist, Thomas F.; Orr, Heather M.; Shui, Bin; Bittner, Alvah C.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

111

Common Risk Factors in Currency Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We identify a “slope” factor in exchange rates. High interest rate currencies load more on this slope factor than low interest rate currencies. This factor accounts for most of the cross-sectional variation in average ...

Roussano, Nikolai

112

Primeless factoring-based cryptography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Factoring-based public-key cryptosystems have an overall complexity which is dominated by the key-production algorithm, which requires the generation of prime numbers. This is most inconvenient in settings where the key-generation is not an one-off process, ...

Sonia Bogos, Ioana Boureanu, Serge Vaudenay

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Strengthening Factors and Phase Relation in Ni-Cr-W Alloys ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

rium phase diagram were experimenta7YZ.y determined at. 1 000 and 1 100~~. Based on ... bee ct phase was carried out in order to determine the. soZubiZity of

114

Assessment of the impact of the scanner-related factors on brain morphometry analysis with Brainvisa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performed using the same scanner. Only one volume was acquired at each scanning session. Data pre-processing Pre-processing of the 3D T1 images was carried out using the segmentation pipeline of Brainvisa (version 4.0) and included the following steps (also... recognition algorithms are shown for the 1.5 T group (left) and the 3 T group (right). Mean geodesic depth refers to the average geodesic depth across a given sulcal label (note that the depth a sulcus is usually non-uniform throughout its length and hence...

Shokouhi, Mahsa; Barnes, Anna; Suckling, John; Moorhead, Thomas WJ; Brennan, David; Job, Dominic; Lymer, Katherine; Dazzan, Paola; Reis Marques, Tiago; MacKay, Clare; McKie, Shane; Williams, Steven CR; Lawrie, Stephen M; Deakin, Bill; Williams, Steve R; Condon, Barrie

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

115

Calculated Influence of Temperature-Related Factors on Ozone Formation Rates in the Lower Troposphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using an atmospheric chemical reaction mechanism applied to air parcels near the earth's surface, the sensitivities ozone (O3) formation rates are quantified for changes in four meteorologically controlled parameters: temperature, sunlight ...

Chris J. Walcek; Hong-H. Yuan

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Melatonin Alters Age-Related Changes in Transcription Factors and Kinase Activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

not to alter the extent of NF-kB or AP-1 activation [14]. X-in the spleen, dietary a NF-kB activity (densitometic units)YC YM OC OM b NF-kB activity (densitometic units) Results

Bondy, Stephen Bondy C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

A statistical model relating transcription factor concentrations to positional information in the early Drosophila embryo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-31my05-05","s10556-02jn05-01","s10556-02jn05-04","s10557-03jn05-03","s10557-03jn05-04","s10557-03jn05-05","s10561-04ja05-10","s10562-01fe05-01","s10562-01fe05-03","s10562-02fe05-26","s10562-04ja05-12","s10562-04ja05-13","s10562-04ja05-14","s10564-04ja05... 10733-19jy05-05","s10733-19jy05-06","s10733-19jy05-07","s10733-19jy05-08","s10733-19jy05-09","s10733-19jy05-10","s10733-19jy05-11","s10733-20jy05-01","s10733-20jy05-02","s10733-20jy05-03","s10733-20jy05-04","s10733-20jy05-05","s10733-20jy05-06","s10733...

Ilsley, Garth Robert

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

118

Genetic Diversity of White Tigers and Genetic Factors Related to Coat Color  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White tigers are greatly cherished by the public, making them valuable to zoos and breeders. Unfortunately, a number of health issues have occasionally surfaced within some of the white tiger population such as neurological and facial defects. There is interest amongst private tiger breeders to determine if these maladies are associated with the coat color or breeding practices, and to find ways to prevent these health issues. The genes involved in producing the white phenotype and the disease phenotype are currently unknown. Furthermore, the relationship between the genes associated with coat color and levels of inbreeding also remain unknown. Microsatellites are a tool frequently used by geneticists and ecologists alike. These segments of highly repeatable DNA mutate frequently and are variable in length. Thus microsatellites can be used to determine heterozygosity within a population by detecting the alleles present at the loci of interest. The amount of heterozygosity within a population can be indicative of the amount of inbreeding present and overall levels of genetic diversity. A panel of twelve microsatellites was used to analyze heterozygosity, thus inferring the levels of genetic diversity present. Among the tigers sampled, estimated heterozygosity was determined to be 0.761 in white tigers and 0.772 in orange tigers. The genes Melanocortin-1-Receptor (MC1R) and Agouti Signaling Protein (ASIP) have been found to affect coat color phenotypes in other species similar to that of the white tiger, making them ideal candidates for this project. These genes work antagonistically to each other in production of melanin. MC1R is responsible for the production of ?-melanocyte stimulating hormone (?-MSH) while ASIP silences this activity. Thus, a loss-of-function associated with MC1R or a gain-of-function associated with ASIP could lead to reduced pigment production. This study continues the initial investigation by focusing on sequencing MC1R. Differences in the nucleotides and amino acids of the sequences were compared through alignment in Sequencher. At this time a causal mutation has not been found within exons 1 and 2 of ASIP or MC1R.

Carney, Sara Elizabeth

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Human Factors Aspects of Advanced Process Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy conservation practices, such as heat recovery and integration, require that many chemical and related processes use advanced control systems. Many of the more advanced process control strategies and algorithms can cause operator confusion, leading to incorrect operator actions and negating the advantages of the advanced control. If the operator makes a mistake and upsets the process, or fails to respond correctly to a process upset, the loss can exceed the possible savings of the advanced control. Further, the experience can result in the operator not using the control capability in the future. Display and man/machine interface techniques, based on an understanding of human factors and of an operator's typical analysis of a process, can be used to present information to the operator in a manner which will prevent confusion. This paper discusses techniques for selecting and displaying process and control information to the operator.

Shaw, J. A.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Factorization of a 512-bit RSA modulus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the factorization of the 512-bit number RSA-155 by the Number Field Sieve factoring method (NFS) and discusses the implications for RSA.

Stefania Cavallar; Bruce Dodson; Arjen K. Lenstra; Walter Lioen; Peter L. Montgomery; Brian Murphy; Herman Te Riele; Karen Aardal; Jeff Gilchrist; Gérard Guillerm; Paul Leyland; Joël Marchand; François Morain; Alec Muffett; Chris Putnam; Craig Putnam; Paul Zimmermann

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Major Risk Factors Integrated Facility Disposition Project -...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Oak Ridge Summary - Major Risk Factors Integrated Facility Disposition Project (IFDP) Oak Ridge, TN More Documents & Publications Major Risk Factors to the Integrated...

122

Overburden Correction Factors 693 OVERBURDEN CORRECTION FACTORS FOR PREDICTING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.Harder@hdrinc.com #12;694 Managing Aging Infrastructure The cyclic strength of sands and other cohesionless soils (i utilize liquefaction triggering correlations (e.g., Figure 1) which relate the liquefaction resistance

Boulanger, Ross W.

123

Standards and Related Texts Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A list of existing Codex standards and related texts whose revocation is recommended is presented below. The Commission is invited to confirm the revocation of existing Codex standards and related texts, as recommended by Codex Committees.

Th Session

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Moisture Advection Using Relative Humidity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study introduces a moisture advection formulation that contains relative humidity. In the sigma coordinate system, rewriting the mixing ratio conservation equation in terms of relative humidity leads to an equation that explicitly contains ...

William H. Raymond

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

From XQuery to relational logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predicate logic has long been seen as a good foundation for querying relational data. This is embodied in the correspondence between relational calculus and first-order logic, and can also be seen in mappings from fragments of the standard relational ...

Michael Benedikt; Christoph Koch

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

The orientation of buildings: a catalogue of the conditioning factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The livability and comfort of a house is determined by the relation of the house to the family and the house to the site. In consideration of livability and comfort the Architect designs with space, mechanical equipment and building materials as his tools. If there are influences that affect the orientation of these tools, then mastering the conditioning factors of the influences is as important as the ability to integrate mechanical equipment and building materials into space. When the space of the interior and the space of the exterior are a compliment to each other, each contributing to the livability and comfort of the building, then the orientation of the building is complete. The dissimilarity of people yields dissimilarity in buildings; it is this constant variation in buildings plus the constant variation in building sites that requires each orientation problem/\\be considered separately. Since orientation is the relation of the building to the points of the compass, then any factor that influences the relation is an orientation factor. The primary factors, because they are the most obvious and desirable, are Sun, Wind, and View; but the Architect must consider all for complete orientation.

Moseley, Hal Millard

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Clean Cities: Related Financial Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Financial Opportunities Related Financial Opportunities Transportation-related financial opportunities from organizations and federal agencies outside Clean Cities are listed below. Some of the government agencies listed have ongoing funding available; others issue funding notices periodically or assist in forming partnerships that can provide funding opportunities for transportation-related projects. U.S. Department of Transportation Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) Program: Administered by the Federal Highway Administration and the Federal Transit Administration, CMAQ funds projects and programs that reduce transportation-related emissions and relieve traffic congestion. Funds are distributed locally through metropolitan planning organizations.

128

FTCP Human Factors Engineering Supplemental Competencies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Human Factors Engineering Functional Area Qualification Competencies Examples for DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel

129

GAS TURBINES AND BIODIESEL : A CLARIFICATION OF THE RELATIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 GAS TURBINES AND BIODIESEL : A CLARIFICATION OF THE RELATIVE NOX INDICES OF FAME, GASOIL ("tallow"). A key factor for the use of biofuels in gas turbines is their Emissions Indices (NOx, CO, VOC to gas turbines is very scarce. Two recent, independent field tests carried out in Europe (RME

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

130

Constraints on relativity violations from gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tiny violations of the Lorentz symmetry of relativity and the associated discrete CPT symmetry could emerge in a consistent theory of quantum gravity such as string theory. Recent evidence for linear polarization in gamma-ray bursts improves existing sensitivities to Lorentz and CPT violation involving photons by factors ranging from ten to a million.

Alan Kostelecky; Matthew Mewes

2013-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

131

Human Factors Aspects of Operating Small Reactors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The nuclear-power community has reached the stage of proposing advanced reactor designs to support power generation for decades to come. They are considering small modular reactors (SMRs) as one approach to meet these energy needs. While the power output of individual reactor modules is relatively small, they can be grouped to produce reactor sites with different outputs. Also, they can be designed to generate hydrogen, or to process heat. Many characteristics of SMRs are quite different from those of current plants, and so may require a concept of operations (ConOps) that also is different. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has begun examining the human factors engineering- (HFE) and ConOps- aspects of SMRs; if needed, they will formulate guidance to support SMR licensing reviews. We developed a ConOps model, consisting of the following dimensions: Plant mission; roles and responsibilities of all agents; staffing, qualifications, and training; management of normal operations; management of off-normal conditions and emergencies; and, management of maintenance and modifications. We are reviewing information on SMR design to obtain data about each of these dimensions, and have identified several preliminary issues. In addition, we are obtaining operations-related information from other types of multi-module systems, such as refineries, to identify lessons learned from their experience. Here, we describe the project's methodology and our preliminary findings.

OHara, J.M.; Higgins, J.; Deem, R. (BNL); Xing, J.; DAgostino, A. (NRC)

2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

132

November 2010CAPACITY FACTOR RISK AT NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a model of the dynamic structure of capacity factor risk. It incorporates the risk that the capacity factor may vary widely from year-to-year, and also the risk that the reactor may be permanently shutdown prior to the end of its anticipated useful life. We then fit the parameters of the model to the IAEA’s PRIS dataset of historical capacity factors on reactors across the globe. The estimated capacity factor risk is greatest in the first year of operation. It then quickly declines over the next couple of years, after which it is approximately constant. Whether risk is constant or increasing in later years depends significantly on the probability of a premature permanent shutdown of the reactor. Because these should be very rare events, the probability is difficult to estimate reliably from the small historical sample of observations. Our base case is parameterized with a conservatively low probability of a premature permanent shutdown which yields the approximately constant variance. Our model, combined with the global historical dataset, also yields relatively low estimates for the expected level of the capacity factor through the life of the plant. Our base case estimate is approximately 74%. Focusing on alternative subsets of the data raises the estimated mean capacity factor marginally, but not significantly, unless the sample chosen is restricted to selected countries over select years. This emphasizes the need for judgment in exploiting the historical data to project future probabilities.

Yangbo Du; John E. Parsons; Yangbo Du; John E. Parsons

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

On-line method of determining utilization factor in Hg-196 photochemical separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a method for determining the utilization factor [U] in a photochemical mercury enrichment process (.sup.196 Hg) by measuring relative .sup.196 Hg densities using absorption spectroscopy.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Moskowitz, Philip E. (Peabody, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Variations in Tropical Cyclone Genesis Factors in Simulations of the Holocene Epoch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermodynamic factors related to tropical cyclone genesis are examined in several simulations of the middle part of the Holocene epoch when the precession of Earth’s orbit altered the seasonal distribution of solar radiation and in one ...

Robert L. Korty; Suzana J. Camargo; Joseph Galewsky

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Electrical and Production Load Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Load factors are an important simplification of electrical energy use data and depend on the ratio of average demand to peak demand. Based on operating hours of a facility they serve as an important benchmarking tool for the industrial sector. The operating hours of small and medium sized manufacturing facilities are analyzed to identify the most common operating hour or shift work patterns. About 75% of manufacturing facilities fall into expected operating hour patterns with operating hours near 40, 80, 120 and 168 hours/week. Two types of load factors, electrical and production are computed for each shift classification within major industry categories in the U.S. The load factor based on monthly billing hours (ELF) increases with operating hours from about 0.4 for a nominal one shift operation, to about 0.7 for around-the-clock operation. On the other hand, the load factor based on production hours (PLF) shows an inverse trend, varying from about 1.4 for one shift operation to 0.7 for around-the-clock operation. When used as a diagnostic tool, if the PLF exceeds unity, then unnecessary energy consumption may be taking place. For plants operating at 40 hours per week, the ELF value was found to greater than the theoretical maximum, while the PLF value was greater than one, suggesting that these facilities may have significant energy usage outside production hours. The data for the PLF however, is more scattered for plants operating less than 80 hours per week, indicating that grouping PLF data based on operating hours may not be a reasonable approach to benchmarking energy use in industries. This analysis uses annual electricity consumption and demand along with operating hour data of manufacturing plants available in the U.S. Department of Energy’s Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) database. The annual values are used because more desirable monthly data are not available. Monthly data are preferred as they capture the load profile of the facility more accurately. The data there come from Industrial Assessment Centers which employ university engineering students, faculty and staff to perform energy assessments for small to medium-sized manufacturing plants. The nation-wide IAC program is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy.

Sen, Tapajyoti

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A New Hybrid Approach for Analysis of Factors Affecting Crude Oil Price  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new hybrid approach is presented to analyze factors affecting crude oil price using rough set and wavelet neural network. Related factors that affect crude oil price are found using text mining technique and Brent oil price is chosen ... Keywords: crude oil price, prediction, rough set, wavelet neural network

Wei Xu; Jue Wang; Xun Zhang; Wen Zhang; Shouyang Wang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Prioritizing and Assessing Software Project Success Factors and Project Characteristics using Subjective Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a method for analyzing the impact software project factors have on project success as defined by project success factors that have been prioritized. It is relatively easy to collect measures of project attributes subjectively (i.e., ... Keywords: Project success, project assessment, subjective measures

Claes Wohlin; Anneliese Amschler Andrews

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Medical and Medical Related Questions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Medical Related Questions We do not have any medical experts in our volunteer expert pool. We recommend that you contact your health care professional regarding your question, if...

139

Relative risks of energy sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares the risks associated with various energy sources in an attempt to demonstrate the relative safety of nuclear energy. (JEF)

Haire, M.J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

NIST SBIR Manufacturing Related Emphasis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the mission of that department or agency, to give high priority within the SBIR programs to manufacturing-related research and development (R&D). ...

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Community Relations, Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

environmental, energy, and basic research. Speakers Bureau Contact: Robyn McKay Brookhaven National Laboratory Community Relations Office Bldg. 400C - P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY...

142

BCDA Beamline Control related meetings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Control related meetings 071410 APS Upgrade Technical Seminar Series Beamline Control Software and Software Infrastructure (pdf) - Claude Saunders and Pete Jemian 050210 2010...

143

Forecasting constraints on the cosmic duality relation with galaxy clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the fundamental hypotheses in observational cosmology is the validity of the so-called cosmic distance-duality relation (CDDR). In this paper, we perform Monte Carlo simulations based on the method developed in Holanda, Goncalves & Alcaniz (2012) [JCAP 1206 (2012) 022] to answer the following question: what is the number of galaxy clusters observations N_{crit} needed to check the validity of this relation at a given confidence level? At 2\\sigma, we find that N_{crit} should be increased at least by a factor of 5 relative to the current sample size if we assume the current observational uncertainty \\sigma_{obs}. Reducing this latter quantity by a factor of 2, we show that the present number of data would be already enough to check the validity of the CDDR at 2\\sigma.

R. S. Goncalves; J. S. Alcaniz; J. C. Carvalho; R. F. L. Holanda

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

144

Radium concentration factors and their use in health and environmental risk assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radium is known to be taken up by aquatic animals, and tends to accumulate in bone, shell and exoskeleton. The most common approach to estimating the uptake of a radionuclide by aquatic animals for use in health and environmental risk assessments is the concentration factor method. The concentration factor method relates the concentration of a contaminant in an organism to the concentration in the surrounding water. Site specific data are not usually available, and generic, default values are often used in risk assessment studies. This paper describes the concentration factor method, summarizes some of the variables which may influence the concentration factor for radium, reviews reported concentration factors measured in marine environments and presents concentration factors derived from data collected in a study in coastal Louisiana. The use of generic default values for the concentration factor is also discussed.

Meinhold, A.F.; Hamilton, L.D.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Radium concentration factors and their use in health and environmental risk assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radium is known to be taken up by aquatic animals, and tends to accumulate in bone, shell and exoskeleton. The most common approach to estimating the uptake of a radionuclide by aquatic animals for use in health and environmental risk assessments is the concentration factor method. The concentration factor method relates the concentration of a contaminant in an organism to the concentration in the surrounding water. Site specific data are not usually available, and generic, default values are often used in risk assessment studies. This paper describes the concentration factor method, summarizes some of the variables which may influence the concentration factor for radium, reviews reported concentration factors measured in marine environments and presents concentration factors derived from data collected in a study in coastal Louisiana. The use of generic default values for the concentration factor is also discussed.

Meinhold, A.F.; Hamilton, L.D.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Relational joins on graphics processors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel design and implementation of relational join algorithms for new-generation graphics processing units (GPUs). The most recent GPU features include support for writing to random memory locations, efficient inter-processor communication, ... Keywords: graphics processors, join, parallel processing, primitive, relational database, sort

Bingsheng He; Ke Yang; Rui Fang; Mian Lu; Naga Govindaraju; Qiong Luo; Pedro Sander

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Symbol recognition using spatial relations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a method for symbol recognition based on the spatio-structural description of a 'vocabulary' of extracted visual elementary parts. It is applied to symbols in electrical wiring diagrams. The method consists of first identifying ... Keywords: Attributed relational graph, Spatial relations, Symbol recognition, Vocabulary

K. C. Santosh; Bart Lamiroy; Laurent Wendling

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

relative humidity | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

relative humidity relative humidity Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Relative Humidity at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (%)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Relative Humidity at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (%)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate GIS NASA relative humidity SWERA UNEP

149

Universality of Einstein's general relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among relativistic theories of gravitation the closest ones to general relativity are the scalar-tensor ones and these with Lagrangians being any function f(R) of the curvature scalar. A complete chart of relationships between these theories and general relativity can be delineated. These theories are mathematically (locally) equivalent to general relativity plus a minimally coupled self-interacting scalar field. Physically they describe a massless spin-2 field (graviton) and a spin-0 component of gravity. It is shown that these theories are either physically equivalent to general relativity plus the scalar or flat space is classically unstable (or at least suspected of being unstable). In this sense general relativity is universal: it is an isolated point in the space of gravity theories since small deviations from it either carry the same physical content as it or give rise to physically untenable theories.

Sokolowski, L M

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Human Radiation Experiments: Related Sites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiment Experiment Related Sites Related Links Home Roadmap What's New Search HREX Multimedia Related Sites Federal DOE DOE Sites & National Laboratories Federal Other The following are organizations which provide related information and links to databases, electronic documents, and servers. FEDERAL - DOE U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) homepage (http://www.doe.gov/)contains information on DOE's Departmental Resources, Programs, Offices, National Labs and other DOE related topics. DOE's Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) Technical Information Services (TIS) homepage (http://nattie.eh.doe.gov/) is a collection of information services designed to provide safety and health professionals with reliable, accurate and current information to assist them in performing their jobs.

151

Water Related Energy Use in Households and Cities - an Australian  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Related Energy Use in Households and Cities - an Australian Water Related Energy Use in Households and Cities - an Australian Perspective Speaker(s): Steven Kenway Date: May 12, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Anita Estner James McMahon This presentation covers the content of recent journal papers and reports focused on the water-energy nexus and the related theory of urban metabolism. This includes (i) a review of the water-energy nexus focused on cities (ii) quantifying water-related energy in cities (iii) modeling household water-related energy use including key factors, sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, and (iv) relevance and implications of the urban metabolism theoretical framework. Steven's work focuses on understanding the indirect connections between urban water management, energy use and

152

Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global temperature versus sea-level rise Submitted by mkaczmar on February 8, 2013 - 15:19 Authors: Gerald A. Meehl, Aixue Hu, Claudia Tebaldi, Julie M. Arblaster, Warren M. Washington, Haiyan Teng, Benjamin M. Sanderson, Toby Ault, Warren G. Strand & James B. White III There is a common perception that, if human societies make the significant adjustments necessary to substantively cut emissions of greenhouse gases, global temperature increases could be stabilized, and the most dangerous consequences of climate change could be avoided. Here we show results from global coupled climate model simulations with the new representative concentration pathway mitigation scenarios to 2300 to illustrate that, with

153

Conditional Probabilities, Relative Operating Characteristics, and Relative Operating Levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative operating characteristic (ROC) curve is a highly flexible method for representing the quality of dichotomous, categorical, continuous, and probabilistic forecasts. The method is based on ratios that measure the proportions of events ...

Simon J. Mason; Nicholas E. Graham

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Using lexical and relational similarity to classify semantic relations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many methods are available for computing semantic similarity between individual words, but certain NLP tasks require the comparison of word pairs. This paper presents a kernel-based framework for application to relational reasoning tasks of this kind. ...

Diarmuid Ó Séaghdha; Ann Copestake

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Factors for Bioenergy Market Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the potentials for bioenergy market growth to be used by decision makers in administration and industry. The conclusions are based on case studies of operating bioenergy markets in Austria, US and Sweden. Six important factors for bioenergy market growth have been identified: (1) Integration with other business, e.g. for biomass procurement, (2) Scale effects of bioenergy market, (3) Competition on bioenergy market, (4) Competition with other business, (5) National policy, (6) Local policy and local opinion. Different applications of the framework are discussed.

Roos, A.; Hektor, B.; Graham, R.L.; Rakos, C.

1998-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

156

Form factors from lattice QCD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precision computation of hadronic physics with lattice QCD is becoming feasible. The last decade has seen precent-level calculations of many simple properties of mesons, and the last few years have seen calculations of baryon masses, including the nucleon mass, accurate to a few percent. As computational power increases and algorithms advance, the precise calculation of a variety of more demanding hadronic properties will become realistic. With this in mind, I discuss the current lattice QCD calculations of generalized parton distributions with an emphasis on the prospects for well-controlled calculations for these observables as well. I will do this by way of several examples: the pion and nucleon form factors and moments of the nucleon parton and generalized-parton distributions.

Dru Renner

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Capacity Factor Risk At Nuclear Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a model of the dynamic structure of capacity factor risk. It incorporates the risk that the capacity factor may vary widely from year-to-year, and also the risk that the reactor may be permanently shutdown prior ...

Du, Yangbo

158

Emission Factors from Brazilian Deforestation Fires Published  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of emission factors from 19 deforestation fires in Mato Grosso, Para, and Amazonas, Brazil. LBA-ECO TG-10 Fire Emission Factors in Mato Grosso, Para, and Amazonas, Brazil: 2004...

159

Relative risk site evaluations for Yakima Training Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All 20 U.S. Army Yakima Training Center (YTC) sites evaluated were given a `low` relative risk. At Solid Waste Management Unit (SWMU) 22, a `minimum` soils contaminant hazard factor was assigned even though 6,700 mg/kg TPH-diesel was found in surface soil. SWMU 22 is physically located on top of and with the fence surrounding Area of Concern (AOC) 4. Because the diesel is most likely associated with AOC 4, and plans are to clean up AOC 4, any further actions regarding these contaminated soils should be addressed as part of the planned actions for AOC 4. Contaminant hazard factors of `moderate` were assigned to the soil pathway for SWMUs 4 and 7 because dieldrin and arsenic, respectively, were found in surface soil samples at concentrations exceeding standards. A `moderate` contaminant hazard factor was also assigned to the sediment pathway for AOC 1 because arsenic detected in sediments in `Larry`s Swimming Pool` exceeded the standard. All other contaminant hazard factors were rated as minimal. The receptor factor for all sites and pathways was rated `limited,` except for SWMU 54 in which the groundwater receptor factor was rated `potential.` A `potential` rating was assigned to the groundwater pathway at this site to be conservative. The site is located on the south side of the syncline axis where the unconfined aquifer may be present and there are no monitoring wells at the site to confirm or deny the presence of groundwater contamination.

Smith, R.M.; Whelan, G.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Related Links | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Related Links Related Links Related Links November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis Need additional help or more information? DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) provide local, individualized solutions to customers on specific combined heat and power (CHP) projects. Partners of DOE's CHP Program include federal and state agencies, non-governmental organizations, international entities, private clean energy companies, technology developers, and commercial builders and developers. Partners American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) CHP Association International District Energy Association (IDEA) International Energy Agency (IEA) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

NREL: Energy Analysis - Related Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Links Related Links Here you'll find links to other programs, organizations, and information resources concerning other analysis capabilities, energy-modeling, and technology expertise related to renewable energy. International Applications NREL's International Program in its effort to promote the use of renewable energy as a tool for sustainable development, applies world-class expertise in technology development and deployment, economic analysis, resource assessment, project design and implementation, and policy formulation. Assisting State and Local Governments Using renewable energy and being energy efficient is smart. Not only does it protect the environment, it benefits the economy. Many mayors, governors, city/county commissioners, state legislators, state energy

162

Prime Factorization in the Duality Computer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give algorithms to factorize large integers in the duality computer. We provide three duality algorithms for factorization based on a naive factorization method, the Shor algorithm in quantum computing, and the Fermat's method in classical computing. All these algorithms are polynomial in the input size.

Wan-Ying Wang; Bin Shang; Chuan Wang; Gui Lu Long

2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

163

Nonnegative matrix factorization with quadratic programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) solves the following problem: find such nonnegative matrices A@?R"+^I^x^J and X@?R"+^J^x^K that Y@?AX, given only Y@?R^I^x^K and the assigned index J (K@?I>=J). Basically, the factorization is achieved by alternating ... Keywords: Blind source separation, Nonnegative matrix factorization, Quadratic programming

Rafal Zdunek; Andrzej Cichocki

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Variational learning for rectified factor analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear factor models with non-negativity constraints have received a great deal of interest in a number of problem domains. In existing approaches, positivity has often been associated with sparsity. In this paper we argue that sparsity of the factors ... Keywords: Positive factor analysis, Source separation, Variational Bayes

Markus Harva; Ata Kabán

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Updating an LU Factorization with Pivoting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show how to compute an LU factorization of a matrix when the factors of a leading principle submatrix are already known. The approach incorporates pivoting akin to partial pivoting, a strategy we call incremental pivoting. An implementation ... Keywords: LU factorization, linear systems, pivoting, updating

Enrique S. Quintana-Ortí; Robert A. Van De Geijn

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

On the Cause of the Relative Greenhouse Strength of Gases such as the Halocarbons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note examines some of the factors important in determining the large radiative impact, relative to carbon dioxide, of increased concentrations of gases in the optically thin limit (such as the halocarbons at their present day concentrations)...

Keith P. Shine

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions down in 2011 - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Annual energy-related carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions fell 2.4% in 2011 compared to the level in 2010. Several factors combined to produce this drop, including slower ...

168

Employee Relations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Employee Relations Employee Relations Employee Relations Addressing Poor Performance What happens if an Employee's Performance is Below the Meets Expectations (ME) level? Any time during the appraisal period an employee demonstrates that he/she is performing below the ME level in at least one critical element, the Rating Official should contact his/her Human Resources Office for guidance and: If performance is at the Needs Improvement (NI) level; issue the employee a Performance Assistance Plan (PAP); or If performance is at the Fails to Meet Expectations (FME) level; issue the employee a Performance Improvement Plan (PIP). Workforce Discipline The Headquarters Employee and Labor Relations Division provides guidance and assistance to Management on Work Force Discipline. The DOE Order

169

Related Links | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Related Links Related Links Related Links Private, public, and nonprofit organizations around the country offer a wide range of courses and other services to help you either improve your current skills or learn new ones. The sites featured here can help you find courses of specific interest as well as other information about training requirements for certain energy jobs. DOE Related Advanced Manufacturing Office: Training Find training sessions in your area and learn how to save energy in your manufacturing plant or commercial building. American Museum of Science & Energy Learn more about the American Museum of Science & Energy (AMSE), a DOE-sponsored museum in Oak Ridge, TN, that provides cultural, educational, and scientific programs and exhibits, as well as summer camps for kids.

170

Labor Relations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Labor Relations Labor Relations Labor Relations Department of Energy Headquarters and The National Treasury Employees Union (NTEU) Collective Bargaining Agreement The National Treasury Employees Union (NTEU) is the exclusive representative of bargaining unit employees at the Department of Energy Headquarters offices in the Washington DC metropolitan area. The terms and conditions of this agreement have been negotiated by DOE and NTEU, and prescribe their respective rights and obligations in matters related to conditions of employment. Headquarters 1187 Request For Payroll Deductions For Labor Organization Dues The Request for Payroll Deduction for Labor Organization Dues (SF-1187) permits eligible employees, who are members of the National Treasury Employees Union (NTEU), to authorize voluntary allotments from their

171

Modelling discourse relations for Arabic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first algorithms to automatically identify explicit discourse connectives and the relations they signal for Arabic text. First we show that, for Arabic news, most adjacent sentences are connected via explicit connectives in contrast to ...

Amal Alsaif; Katja Markert

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Recent AI-Related Dissertations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following are citations selected by title and abstract as being related to AI, resulting from a computer search, using the BRS Information Technologies retrieval service, of the Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI) database produced by University ...

SIGART Bulletin staff

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

e687 and special relativity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Relativity Challenge Project team Program Contact: Tom Jordan - jordant@fnal.gov Web Maintainer: ed-webmaster@fnal.gov Last Updated: February 15, 1998 http:www-ed.fnal.gov...

174

Multivariate Analysis of Real Option Value Based on Grey Relational Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real option value is determined by a variety of uncertain factors. It is very important to assess the intensity and importance of these factors affecting the real option value for investment decision makers. In this paper, the real option value system ... Keywords: real option value, multivariate analysis, grey relational model, optimization

Zheng-Xin Wang; Ling-ling Pei

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Supporting international entry decisions for construction firms using fuzzy preference relations and cumulative prospect theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper emphasizes on supporting international entry decisions for construction firms in a three-phase analysis process. Phase I identified significant factors as two categories, namely country and project factor levels. Phase II stuck on identifying ... Keywords: Alternative selection, Construction firms, Cumulative prospect theory, Fuzzy preference relations, International construction market

Min-Yuan Cheng; Hsing-Chih Tsai; Kai-Hsiang Chuang

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Quantum estimation of relative information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive optimal schemes for preparation and estimation of relational degrees of freedom between two quantum systems. We specifically analyze the case of rotation parameters representing relative angles between elements of the SU(2) symmetry group. Our estimation procedure does not assume prior knowledge of the absolute spatial orientation of the systems and as such does not require information on the underlying classical reference frame in which the states are prepared.

Netanel H. Lindner; Petra F. Scudo; Dagmar Bruss

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

177

Indirect health effects of relative humidity in indoor environments  

SciTech Connect

A review of the health effects of relative humidity in indoor environments suggests that relative humidity can affect the incidence of respiratory infections and allergies. Experimental studies on airborne-transmitted infectious bacteria and viruses have shown that the survival or infectivity of these organisms is minimized by exposure to relative humidities between 40 and 70%. Nine epidemiological studies examined the relationship between the number of respiratory infections or absenteeism and the relative humidity of the office, residence, or school. The incidence of absenteeism or respiratory infections was found to be lower among people working or living in environments with mid-range versus low or high relative humidities. The indoor size of allergenic mite and fungal populations is directly dependent upon the relative humidity. Mite populations are minimized when the relative humidity is below 50% and reach a maximum size at 80% relative humidity. Most species of fungi cannot grow unless the relative humidity exceeds 60%. Relative humidity also affects the rate of offgassing of formaldehyde from indoor building materials, the rate of formation of acids and salts from sulfur and nitrogen dioxide, and the rate of formation of ozone. The influence of relative humidity on the abundance of allergens, pathogens, and noxious chemicals suggests that indoor relative humidity levels should be considered as a factor of indoor air quality. The majority of adverse health effects caused by relative humidity would be minimized by maintaining indoor levels between 40 and 60%. This would require humidification during winter in areas with cold winter climates. Humidification should preferably use evaporative or steam humidifiers, as cool mist humidifiers can disseminate aerosols contaminated with allergens.

Arundel, A.V.; Sterling, E.M.; Biggin, J.H.; Sterling, T.D.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Two Theories of Special Relativity ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, [3], it was shown that Special Relativity is in fact based on one single physical axiom which is that of Reciprocity. Originally, Einstein, [1], established Special Relativity on two physical axioms, namely, the Galilean Relativity and the Constancy of the Speed of Light in inertial reference frames. Soon after, [4,5], it was shown that the Galilean Relativity alone is sufficient for Special Relativity. Here it is important to note that, implicitly, three more assumptions have been used on space-time coordinate transformations, namely, the homogeneity of space-time, the isotropy of space, and a mathematical condition of smoothness type. In [3], a boundedness condition on space-time coordinate transformations is used instead of a usual mathematical smoothness type condition. In this paper it is shown that the respective boundedness condition is closely related to a Principle of Transformation Increment Ratio Limitation, or in short, PTIRL, which has an obvious physical meaning. It is also shown that PTIRL is {\\it not} a stronger assumption than that of the mentioned boundedness in [3]. Of interest is the fact that, by formulating PTIRL as a physical axiom, the possibility is opened up for the acceptance, or on the contrary, rejection of this physical axiom PTIRL, thus leading to {\\it two} possible theories of Special Relativity. And to add further likelihood to such a possibility, the rejection of PTIRL leads easily to effects which involve unlimited time and/or space intervals, thus are not accessible to usual experimentation for the verification of their validity, or otherwise.

Elemer E. Rosinger

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

179

FREE SUBGROUPS OF ONE-RELATOR RELATIVE PRESENTATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,..., x±1 n}. It is proved that for n ? 2 the group ˜ G = ?G, x1, x2,..., xn | w = 1 ? always contains a nonabelian free subgroup. For n = 1 the question Suppose that G is a nontrivial torsion-free group and w is a word over the alphabet G ? {x ±1 1 about the existence of nonabelian free subgroups in ˜ G is answered completely in the unimodular case (i.e., when the exponent sum of x1 in w is one). Some generalisations of these results are discussed. Key words: relative presentations, one-relator groups, free subgroups. MSC: 20F05, 20E06, 20E07. The following theorem was stated in [Ma32]; as far as we know, the proof appeared for the first time in [Mo69]. Free subgroup theorem for one-relator groups. A one-relator group ?x1, x2,..., xn | w = 1? contains no nonabelian free subgroups if and only if it is either cyclic or isomorphic to the Baumslag–Solitar group

Anton A. Klyachko

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Interpretation of screen factor measurements  

SciTech Connect

Screen viscometer measurements give different information about polymer molecular weight and molecular weight distribution than intrinsic viscosity or relative viscosity measurements. This study shows that conventional screen viscometers measure elongation flow properties of solutions, and that for flexible polymers such as polyacrylamides, a sharp transition in conformation from a coiled to a stretched state is observed, which occurs at a Deborah number of 0.5. Conventional screen viscometers operate just above this critical Deborah number. Evidence for this transition in polymer conformation comes from measurements on a modified screen viscometer, from extensive work by Durst and Interhal on the sudden pressure jumps during flow of polyacrylamide solutions through porous media, and from polymer kinetic theory modeling of molecular deformation in flow. ll references.

Lim, T.; Uhl, J.T.; Prud'Homme, R.K.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

EIA - Related Links for Transportation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Transportation Related Links Transportation Related Links Transportation Related Links government reports, data, and web sites (sorted alphabetically by primary agency) Date Last Updated/Reviewed: December 2006 Next Update/Review: April 2007 Federal and International Agencies and Institutes International Energy Agency (IEA) Dealing with Climate Change The International Energy Agency's »Dealing with Climate Change« database of policies and measures now features 2005 revisions and developments. The database has expanded to include more than 1400 records of the climate policy process in the IEA's 26 Member Countries since 1999. Member country governments have reviewed and endorsed the policies listed, reinforcing the informative value and authority of the database. The database is freely accessible online.

182

Stakeholder Relations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stakeholder Relations Stakeholder Relations Stakeholder Relations Site tours, like this one near Rifle, Colorado, allow stakeholders to learn more about LM projects. Site tours, like this one near Rifle, Colorado, allow stakeholders to learn more about LM projects. Public meetings give stakeholders an opportunity to gain information about DOE and LM activities. This public meeting was held in Riverton, Wyoming. Public meetings give stakeholders an opportunity to gain information about DOE and LM activities. This public meeting was held in Riverton, Wyoming. Site tours, like this one near Rifle, Colorado, allow stakeholders to learn more about LM projects. Public meetings give stakeholders an opportunity to gain information about DOE and LM activities. This public meeting was held in Riverton, Wyoming.

183

Relative Permeability of Fractured Rock  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Contemporary understanding of multiphase flow through fractures is limited. Different studies using synthetic fractures and various fluids have yielded different relative permeability-saturation relations. This study aimed to extend the understanding of multiphase flow by conducting nitrogen-water relative permeability experiments on a naturally-fractured rock from The Geysers geothermal field. The steady-state approach was used. However, steady state was achieved only at the endpoint saturations. Several difficulties were encountered that are attributed to phase interference and changes in fracture aperture and surface roughness, along with fracture propagation/initiation. Absolute permeabilities were determined using nitrogen and water. The permeability values obtained change with the number of load cycles. Determining the absolute permeability of a core is especially important in a fractured rock. The rock may change as asperities are destroyed and fractures propagate or st rain harden as the net stresses vary. Pressure spikes occurred in water a solute permeability experiments. Conceptual models of an elastic fracture network can explain the pressure spike behavior. At the endpoint saturations the water relative permeabilities obtained are much less than the nitrogen gas relative permeabilities. Saturations were determined by weighing and by resistivity calculations. The resistivity-saturation relationship developed for the core gave saturation values that differ by 5% from the value determined by weighing. Further work is required to complete the relative permeability curve. The steady-state experimental approach encountered difficulties due to phase interference and fracture change. Steady state may not be reached until an impractical length of time. Thus, unsteady-state methods should be pursued. In unsteady-state experiments the challenge will be in quantifying rock fracture change in addition to fluid flow changes.

Mark D. Habana

2002-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

184

March 29, 2011, Federal Technical Capabilities Panel Face-to-Face Meeting - Human Factors Engineering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Factors Engineering Factors Engineering for the Face-to-Face meeting of the DOE Federal Technical Capability Panel March 29, 2011 Caren Wenner and Carol Ingram Introduction "As technologies mature and become more reliable overall, the source of accidents often shifts from being hardware related to interface related The discipline of hardware-related to interface-related. The discipline of ergonomics, or human factors engineering, seeks to address human characteristics, capabilities, and limitations and reflect them in the design of the things we create to make them easier to use, more reliable, and safer." - Steven Casey, Prologue to The Atomic Chef (2006) HFE at FTCP FtF Mar2011 Carol Ingram, NNSA/LSO 2 The harder it is to do something, the less likely someone will do it

185

Step Complexity Measure for Emergency Operating Procedures - Determining Weighting Factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In complex systems, such as nuclear power plants (NPPs) or airplane control systems, human error has been regarded as the primary cause of many events. Therefore, to ensure system safety, extensive effort has been made to identify the significant factors that can cause human error. According to related studies, written manuals or operating procedures are revealed as one of the important factors, and the understandability is pointed out as one of the major reasons for procedure-related human errors.Many qualitative checklists have been suggested to evaluate emergency operating procedures (EOPs) of NPPs so as to minimize procedure-related human errors. However, since qualitative evaluations using checklists have some drawbacks, a quantitative measure that can quantify the complexity of EOPs is indispensable.From this necessity, Park et al. suggested the step complexity (SC) measure to quantify the complexity of procedural steps included in EOPs. To verify the appropriateness of the SC measure, averaged step performance time data obtained from emergency training records of the loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) and the excess steam demand event were compared with estimated SC scores. However, although averaged step performance time data and estimated SC scores show meaningful correlation, some important issues such as determining proper weighting factors have to be clarified to ensure the appropriateness of the SC measure. These were not properly dealt with due to a lack of backup data.In this paper, to resolve one of the important issues, emergency training records are additionally collected and analyzed in order to determine proper weighting factors. The total number of collected records is 66, and the training scenarios cover five emergency conditions including the LOCA, the steam generator tube rupture, the loss of all feedwater, the loss of off-site power, and the station blackout. From these records, average step performance time data are retrieved, and new weighting factors are determined by using a nonlinear regression analysis. The results show that the SC scores quantified by the new weighting factors show statistically meaningful correlation with averaged step performance time data. Thus, it can be concluded that the SC measure can represent the complexity of procedural steps included in EOPs.

Park, Jinkyun; Jung, Wondea; Kim, Jaewhan; Ha, Jaejoo [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

2003-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Quasilocal Hamiltonians in general relativity  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the definition of quasilocal energy in general relativity based on a Hamiltonian analysis of the Einstein-Hilbert action initiated by Brown-York. The role of the constraint equations, in particular, the Hamiltonian constraint on the timelike boundary, neglected in previous studies, is emphasized here. We argue that a consistent definition of quasilocal energy in general relativity requires, at a minimum, a framework based on the (currently unknown) geometric well-posedness of the initial boundary value problem for the Einstein equations.

Anderson, Michael T. [Department of Mathematics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, N.Y. 11794-3651 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Thermally-related safety issues associated with thermal batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermal batteries can experience thermal runaway under certain usage conditions. This can lead to safety issues for personnel and cause damage to associated test equipment if the battery thermally self destructs. This report discusses a number of thermal and design related issues that can lead to catastrophic destruction of thermal batteries under certain conditions. Contributing factors are identified and mitigating actions are presented to minimize or prevent undesirable thermal runaway.

Guidotti, Ronald Armand

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Preference formulas in relational queries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The handling of user preferences is becoming an increasingly important issue in present-day information systems. Among others, preferences are used for information filtering and extraction to reduce the volume of data presented to the user. They ... Keywords: Preference queries, preferences, query optimization, relational algebra

Jan Chomicki

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Sequential Circuits for Relational Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Alloy tool-set has been gaining popularity as an alternative to traditional manual testing and checking for design correctness. Alloy uses a first-order relational logic for modeling designs. The Alloy Analyzer translates Alloy formulas for a given ...

Fadi Zaraket; Adnan Aziz; Sarfraz Khurshid

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Measurement of Gamma Knife registered helmet factors using MOSFETs  

SciTech Connect

The relative dose rate for the different Gamma Knife registered helmets (4, 8, 14, and 18 mm) is characterized by their respective helmet factors. Since the plateau of the dose profile for the 4 mm helmet is at most 1 mm wide, detector choices are limited. Traditionally helmet factors have been measured using 1x1x1 mm{sup 3} thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs). However, these are time-consuming, cumbersome measurements. This article investigates the use of metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) (active area of 0.2x0.2 mm{sup 2}) as a more accurate and convenient dosimeter. Their suitability for these measurements was confirmed by basic characterization measurements. Helmet factors were measured using both MOSFETs and the established TLD approach. A custom MOSFET cassette was designed in analogy to the Elekta TLD cassette (Elekta Instruments AB) for use with the Elekta dosimetry sphere. Although both dosimeters provided values within 3% of the manufacturer's suggestion, MOSFETs provided superior accuracy and precision, in a fraction of the time required for the TLD measurements. Thus, MOSFETs proved to be a reasonable alternative to TLDs for performing helmet factor measurements.

Kurjewicz, Laryssa; Berndt, Anita [Department of Physics, University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 2E9 (Canada); Division of Medical Physics, CancerCare Manitoba, 675 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0V9 (Canada); Winnipeg Centre for Gamma Knife Surgery, Health Sciences Centre, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg MB R3E 0V9 (Canada); Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Department of Radiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB R3E 0V9 (Canada) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB R3E 0V9 (Canada)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

Solid-State Lighting: Related Articles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Articles on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Related Articles on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Related Articles on Delicious Rank Solid-State...

192

Energy Education and Workforce Development: Related Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Energy Education and Workforce Development: Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Energy Education and Workforce Development: Related Links...

193

Appendix A Conversion Factors for Standard Units  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy, work, heat(a) joule J ... a utility-specific factor that has incorporated actual fuel mix ... Arizona Colorado Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Utah Wyoming

194

Factorization for hadronic heavy quarkonium production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We briefly review several models of heavy quarkonium production in hadronic collisions, and discuss the status of QCD factorization for these production models.

Jian-Wei Qiu

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

195

Factors associated with participation restriction in community ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 26, 2007 ... restriction, after adjusting for age and gender in a logistic regression analysis. Health and disability factors most strongly and independently ...

196

OpenEI - electricity emission factors  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm4650 en Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United States http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode488...

197

OpenEI - hourly emission factors  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm4640 en Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United States http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode488...

198

politics factors into climate bill, too  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

06/2 - POLITICS FACTORS INTO CLIMATE BILL, TOO. In A 987-page bill, six committees with jurisdiction, a mammoth oil spill to consider, no bipartisan support, ...

199

Health Information Technology (IT), Human Factor Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on a research program aimed at developing human factors guidelines for ... technical guidelines will help support safe, effective, error-free EHR use ...

2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

200

Factors that Predict Quality Classroom Technology Use.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Despite technological advancements intended to enhance teaching and learning in the 21st century, numerous teacher and school factors continue to impede quality classroom technology use.… (more)

Hastings, Tricia A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Mini-Conference on Factorization Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, The University of Iowa, Iowa City. Non-Atomic Unique Factorization. 3:00-3:45 PM Franz Halter-Koch, Karl

Coykendall, James

202

Nucleon Form Factor Measurements and Interpretation  

SciTech Connect

The data base for the form factors of the nucleon obtained from elastic ep scattering is discussed, as well as some recent developments in their calculation.

Charles F. Perdrisat

2007-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

203

Mechanism Based Anticancer Drugs that Degrade Sp Transcription Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Curcumin is the active component of tumeric, and this polyphenolic compound has been extensively investigated as an anticancer drug that modulates multiple pathways and genes. We demonstrated that curcumin inhibited 253JB-V and KU7 bladder cancer cell growth, and this was accompanied by induction of apoptosis and decreased expression of the proapoptotic protein survivin and the angiogenic proteins vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor 1 (VEGFR1). Since expression of survivin, VEGF and VEGFR1 are dependent on specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors, we also investigated the effects of curcumin on downregulation of Sp protein expression as an underlying mechanism for the apoptotic and antiangiogenic activity of this compound. Curcumin decreases expression of Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 in blader cancer cells indicating that the cancer chemotherapeutic activity of curcumin is due, in part, to decreased expression of Sp transcription factors and Sp-dependent genes. Betulinic acid (BA) and curcumin are phytochemical anticancer agents, and we hypothesized that both compounds decrease EGFR expression in bladder cancer through downregulation of specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors. BA and curcumin decreased expression of EGFR, Sp1, Sp3, Sp4 and Sp-dependent proteins in 253JB-V and KU7 cells; EGFR was also decreased in cells transfected with a cocktail (iSp) containing small inhibitory RNAs for Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 showing that EGFR is an Sp-regulated gene. Methyl 2-cyano-3,11-dioxo-18?-olean-1,12- dien-30-oate (CDODA-Me) is a synthetic triterpenoid derived from glycyrrhetinic acid which inhibits proliferation of KU7 and 253JB-V bladder cancer cells. CDODA-Me also decreased expression of specificity protein-1 (Sp1), Sp3 and Sp4 transcription factors. Similar results were observed for a structurally-related triterpenoid, methyl 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9-dien-28-oate (CDDO-Me), which is currently in clinical trials for treatment of leukemia. Celastrol, a naturally occurring triterpenoid acid from an ivy-like vine exhibits anticancer activity against bladder cancer cells. Celastrol decreased cell proliferation, induced apoptosis and decreased expression of specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 and several Sp-dependent genes like Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). In vivo studies using KU7 cells as xenografts showed that celastrol represents novel class of anticancer drugs that acts, in part, through targeting downregulation of Sp transcription factors.

Chadalapaka, Gayathri

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Probing Quantum Frustrated Systems via Factorization of the Ground State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of definite orders in frustrated quantum systems is related rigorously to the occurrence of fully factorized ground states below a threshold value of the frustration. Ground-state separability thus provides a natural measure of frustration: strongly frustrated systems are those that cannot accommodate for classical-like solutions. The exact form of the factorized ground states and the critical frustration are determined for various classes of nonexactly solvable spin models with different spatial ranges of the interactions. For weak frustration, the existence of disentangling transitions determines the range of applicability of mean-field descriptions in biological and physical problems such as stochastic gene expression and the stability of long-period modulated structures.

Salvatore M. Giampaolo; Gerardo Adesso; Fabrizio Illuminati

2009-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

205

Greenhouse window U-factors under field conditions  

SciTech Connect

Field measurements of U-factor are reported for two projecting greenhouse windows, each paired with a picture window of comparable insulation level during testing. A well-known calorimetric field test facility was used to make the measurements. The time-varying U-factors obtained are related to measurements of exterior conditions. For one of the greenhouse windows, which was the subject of a published laboratory hotbox test and simulation study, the results are compared with published test and simulation data and found to be in disagreement. Data on interior and exterior film coefficients are presented, and it is shown that the greenhouse window has a significantly lower interior film coefficient than a conventional window under the same interior conditions. This is advanced as a possible explanation of the disagreement.

Klems, J.H.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

On reduced relatives with genitive subjects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What is the place of relatives with genitive subjects in a typology of relative clauses? Are they full or reduced, headed or free relatives? Can they appear pre- and postnominally? Can they be head-internal relatives? Are ...

Krause, Cornelia (Cornelia Ann), 1972-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Uncertainties in parton related quantities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the form ?ns lnn?1(1/x) and ?ns ln2n?1(1? x) in the perturbative expansion. This means that renormalization and factorization scale variation are not a reliable way of estimating higher order effects, e.g., at small x P 1qg ? ?S(µ2) P 2qg ? ?s(µ2) x (28... ) whereas Pnqg ? ?nS(µ2) lnn?2(1/x) x . (29) and scale variations of P 1qg, P 2qg never give an indication of these terms. Hence, in order to investigate the true theoretical error we must consider some way of performing correct large and small x...

Thorne, Robert S

208

Institutions Related to Berkeley Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institutions Related to Berkeley Laboratory Institutions Related to Berkeley Laboratory DOE logo Office of Science logo UC seal Berkeley Lab logo University of California Department of Energy (DOE) and DOE National Laboratories NERSC (National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center) ESnet Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory High Energy Physics Information Center U.S. Government University of California UC Berkeley UC Berkeley colleges, schools, and teaching units The Daily Cal independent student newspaper at UC Berkeley. University of California campuses and labs UC Office of the President UC National Laboratories provides news and information on UC's management of three DOE laboratories -- Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and Los Alamos National

209

Scattering Relativity in Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transforming from one reference frame to another yields an equivalent physical description. If quantum fields are transformed one way and quantum states transformed a different way then the physics changes. We show how to use the resulting changed physical description to obtain the equations of motion of charged, massive particles in electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The derivation is based entirely on special relativity and quantum mechanics.

Richard Shurtleff

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

210

(Theory of relative biological effectiveness)  

SciTech Connect

Research continued on relative biological effectiveness, in the following areas: radial distribution of dose about the path of an energetic heavy ion; the response of E. Coli mutants to ionizing radiations; the application of a fragmentation model to to the calculation of cell survival and mutation with heavy ion beams; biological radiation effects from gamma radiation and heavy ion beams on organisms; cancer induction in the Harderian Gland by HZE particles; and effects of low dose radiations. (CBS)

Katz, R.

1992-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

General Relativity and Weyl Geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the general theory of relativity can be formulated in the language of Weyl geometry. We develop the concept of Weyl frames and point out that the new mathematical formalism may lead to different pictures of the same gravitational phenomena. We show that in an arbitrary Weyl frame general relativity, which takes the form of a scalar-tensor gravitational theory, is invariant with respect to Weyl tranformations. A kew point in the development of the formalism is to build an action that is manifestly invariant with respect to Weyl transformations. When this action is expressed in terms of Riemannian geometry we find that the theory has some similarities with Brans-Dicke gravitational theory. In this scenario, the gravitational field is not described by the metric tensor only, but by a combination of both the metric and a geometrical scalar field. We illustrate this point by, firstly, discussing the Newtonian limit in an arbitrary frame, and, secondly, by examining how distinct geometrical and physical pictures of the same phenomena may arise in different frames. To give an example, we discuss the gravitational spectral shift as viewed in a general Weyl frame. We further explore the analogy of general relativity with scalar-tensor theories and show how a known Brans-Dicke vacuum solution may appear as a solution of general relativity theory when reinterpreted in a particular Weyl frame. Finally, we show that the so-called WIST gravity theories are mathematically equivalent to Brans-Dicke theory when viewed in a particular frame.

C. Romero; J. B. Fonseca-Neto; M. L. Pucheu

2012-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

212

Quantum information and general relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox (1935) is reexamined in the light of Shannon's information theory (1948). The EPR argument did not take into account that the observers' information was localized, like any other physical object. General relativity introduces new problems: there are horizons which act as one-way membranes for the propagation of quantum information, in particular black holes which act like sinks.

Asher Peres

2004-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

213

De-caf-einated : life without chromatin assembly factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE CHROMATIN ASSEMBLY FACTORS THAT ACTSaccharomyces cerevisiae chromatin- assembly factors thatSaccharomyces cerevisiae chromatin-assembly factors that act

Kats, Ellen Simona

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Agriculture-related radiation dose calculations  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of radiation dose to the public must be made at each stage in the identification and qualification process leading to siting a high-level nuclear waste repository. Specifically considering the ingestion pathway, this paper examines questions of reliability and adequacy of dose calculations in relation to five stages of data availability (geologic province, region, area, location, and mass balance) and three methods of calculation (population, population/food production, and food production driven). Calculations were done using the model PABLM with data for the Permian and Palo Duro Basins and the Deaf Smith County area. Extra effort expended in gathering agricultural data at succeeding environmental characterization levels does not appear justified, since dose estimates do not differ greatly; that effort would be better spent determining usage of food types that contribute most to the total dose; and that consumption rate and the air dispersion factor are critical to assessment of radiation dose via the ingestion pathway. 17 refs., 9 figs., 32 tabs.

Furr, J.M.; Mayberry, J.J.; Waite, D.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Length requirements for numerical-relativity waveforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One way to produce complete inspiral-merger-ringdown gravitational waveforms from black-hole-binary systems is to connect post-Newtonian (PN) and numerical-relativity (NR) results to create "hybrid" waveforms. Hybrid waveforms are central to the construction of some phenomenological models for GW search templates, and for tests of GW search pipelines. The dominant error source in hybrid waveforms arises from the PN contribution, and can be reduced by increasing the number of NR GW cycles that are included in the hybrid. Hybrid waveforms are considered sufficiently accurate for GW detection if their mismatch error is below 3% (i.e., a fitting factor about 0.97). We address the question of the length requirements of NR waveforms such that the final hybrid waveforms meet this requirement, considering nonspinning binaries with q = M_2/M_1 \\in [1,4] and equal-mass binaries with \\chi = S_i/M_i^2 \\in [-0.5,0.5]. We conclude that for the cases we study simulations must contain between three (in the equal-mass nonspinning case) and ten (the \\chi = 0.5 case) orbits before merger, but there is also evidence that these are the regions of parameter space for which the least number of cycles will be needed.

Mark Hannam; Sascha Husa; Frank Ohme; P. Ajith

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

216

Length requirements for numerical-relativity waveforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One way to produce complete inspiral-merger-ringdown gravitational waveforms from black-hole-binary systems is to connect post-Newtonian (PN) and numerical-relativity (NR) results to create ``hybrid'' waveforms. Hybrid waveforms are central to the construction of some phenomenological models for GW search templates, and for tests of GW search pipelines. The dominant error source in hybrid waveforms arises from the PN contribution, and can be reduced by increasing the number of NR GW cycles that are included in the hybrid. Hybrid waveforms are considered sufficiently accurate for GW detection if their mismatch error is below 3% (i.e., a fitting factor about 0.97). We address the question of the length requirements of NR waveforms such that the final hybrid waveforms meet this requirement, considering nonspinning binaries with q = M_2/M_1 \\in [1,4] and equal-mass binaries with \\chi = S_i/M_i^2 \\in [-0.5,0.5]. We conclude that for the cases we study simulations must contain between three (in the equal-mass nonsp...

Hannam, Mark; Ohme, Frank; Ajith, P

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Distributed large-scale natural graph factorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural graphs, such as social networks, email graphs, or instant messaging patterns, have become pervasive through the internet. These graphs are massive, often containing hundreds of millions of nodes and billions of edges. While some theoretical models ... Keywords: asynchronous algorithms, distributed optimization, graph algorithms, graph factorization, large-scale machine learning, matrix factorization

Amr Ahmed, Nino Shervashidze, Shravan Narayanamurthy, Vanja Josifovski, Alexander J. Smola

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Jet acollinearity and quark form factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Perturbative Quantum Chromodynamic corrections involving the emission of gluons which are both soft and collinear are discussed for both hadronic production of lepton pairs and e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation. The result is an exponential, double logarithmic quark form factor. The effect of sub-leading corrections and the possible experimental observation of the form factor are discussed.

Stirling, W.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Gradient based variable forgetting factor RLS algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accurate new variable forgetting factor recursive least-square adaptive algorithm is derived. An improved mean square behaviour analysis is presented, which shows that the theoretical analysis and the simulation results are close to each other. The ... Keywords: RLS algorithm, adaptive filters, variable forgetting factor

C. F. So; S. C. Ng; S. H. Leung

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

The Jacobian factor in free energy simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of Jacobian factors in free energy simulations is described. They provide a simple interpretation of ‘‘moment of inertia correction’’ and ‘‘dynamic stretch free energy’’ terms in such simulations. Since the relevant Jacobian factors can often be evaluated analytically by use of the configurational partition function of a polyatomic molecule

Stefan Boresch; Martin Karplus

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Deriving the shape factor of a fractured rock matrix  

SciTech Connect

Fluid flow from a fractured rock matrix was investigated for accurately predicting oil recovery from fractured reservoirs. To relate the oil rate with rock geometry and average rock matrix pressure, a shape factor is used in the mathematical model of fractured reservoirs. The shape factor in the transfer function was derived by solving the three-dimensional diffusivity equation of a rock matrix block under unsteady-state production, in contrast to the quasi-steady-state condition assumed by most previous studies denoted in the literature. The diffusivity equation in the x, y, and z coordinate was solved in four cases by assuming different boundary conditions of (1) constant fracture pressure; (2) constant flow rate; (3) constant fracture pressure followed by linearly declining fracture pressure; and (4) linearly declining fracture pressure followed by constant fracture pressure. Shape factor values are high at the initial depletion stage under an unsteady-state condition. When the fracture pressure is constant, the shape factor converges to {pi}{sup 2}/L{sup 2}, 2{pi}{sup 2}/L{sup 2}, and 3{pi}{sup 2}/L{sup 2} for one-, two-, and three-dimensional rock matrix, respectively, at the dimensionless time ({tau}) of about 0.1. When the flow rate between the rock matrix and the fracture is constant, the fracture pressure varies with location on the rock surface. Based on the average fracture pressure, the shape factor decreases with production time until a {tau} value of 0.1 is reached. The boundary conditions of constant fracture pressure followed by a constant decline in fracture pressure are equivalent to the condition of a constant fracture pressure followed by a period of constant flow rate.

Chang, Ming-Ming

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

IPCC Emission Factor Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IPCC Emission Factor Database IPCC Emission Factor Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IPCC Emission Factor Database Agency/Company /Organization: World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Environment Programme Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/EFDB/main.php References: IPCC-EFDB[1] About "EFDB is meant to be a recognised library, where users can find emission factors and other parameters with background documentation or technical references that can be used for estimating greenhouse gas emissions and removals. The responsibility of using this information appropriately will always remain with the users themselves." References ↑ "IPCC-EFDB" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=IPCC_Emission_Factor_Database&oldid=367213"

223

Harmonic mean, the Gamma factor and Speed of Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between the harmonic mean and special relativity is concisely elucidated. The arguments in favor and against SRT are explored. It is shown that the ratio of the speed of light to the harmonic mean of the onward and return speeds of light in a moving frame under Newtonian mechanics, when equitably distributed between space and time as a correction, leads to the Lorentz transformation. This correction implies an apparent contraction of objects and time dilation. However, the symmetry of the onward and inverse transformations give a different meaning to the gamma factor

Chandru Iyer

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

224

Factors affecting potential market penetration of laser fusion power plants  

SciTech Connect

A mini-model has been constructed to estimate the optimal size of laser fusion power plants and to estimate the allowable cost of the first such plant in relation to the next best alternative. In estimating the costs of laser fusion, the mini-model incorporates such factors as market penetration, learning, economies of scale, system size, transmission costs, reserve requirements, development and licensing costs and site costs. The results of the mini-model simulations indicate that the optimal laser fusion plant size is approximately 3 GWe; risk considerations unincorporated in the mini-model suggest an optimal size closer to 2.5 GWe.

Deonigi, D.E.; Fraley, D.W.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Related Federal Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Related Federal Programs to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Related Federal Programs on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Related Federal Programs on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Related Federal Programs on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Related Federal Programs on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Related Federal Programs on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Related Federal Programs on AddThis.com... Our History Related Federal Programs Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades Contacts Related Federal Programs Related Links

226

Possible Upper limits on Lorentz Factors in High Energy Astrophysical Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma ray bursts (GRBs) are the most luminous physical phenomena in the universe. The relativistic effect on the blast wave associated with the GRB introduces the gamma factor. Here we put an upper limit on the gamma factor via constraints on maximal power allowed by general relativity and hence set upper limits on other observable quantities such as deceleration distance. Also upper limits are set on the high energy particle radiation due to constraints set by cosmic microwave background radiation.

C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

227

The Euler anomaly and scale factors in Liouville/Toda CFTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The role played by the Euler anomaly in the dictionary relating sphere partition functions of four dimensional theories of class $\\mathcal{S}$ and two dimensional nonrational CFTs is clarified. On the two dimensional side, this involves a careful treatment of scale factors in Liouville/Toda correlators. Using ideas from tinkertoy constructions for Gaiotto duality, a framework is proposed for evaluating these scale factors. The representation theory of Weyl groups plays a critical role in this framework.

Aswin Balasubramanian

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

228

Computer-Related Ergonomic Safety Talking Points and Observation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Ergonomic Safety Related Ergonomic Safety Talking Points and Observation Criteria Supporting Managers and Supervisors in Meetings with Employees March 14, 2007 Background to Discussions * Scope of the Problem: - ~70% of recordable injuries this FY are from ergonomic causes - ~70% of ergonomic injuries involve computer work (remainder mainly involve laboratory and shop work) - Most significant cause of computer related ergo injuries is workload hazard control (help = work with manager) - Single most significant contributing factor is not requesting help when ergonomic issues surface (help = request ergonomic evaluation) Suggested Employee Discussion Topics - Computer Ergo (p1) * Meet with employees in their workspace so you can observe the ergonomic issues in their work. * Begin by telling the employee you are there to see

229

Technology diffusion of energy-related products in residential markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acceptance of energy-related technologies by end residential consumers, manufacturers of energy-related products, and other influential intermediate markets such as builders will influence the potential for market penetration of innovative energy-related technologies developed by the Department of Energy, Office of Building and Community Systems (OBCS). In this report, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed the available information on technology adoption, diffusion, and decision-making processes to provide OBCS with a background and understanding of the type of research that has previously been conducted on this topic. Insight was gained as to the potential decision-making criteria and motivating factors that influence the decision-maker(s) selection of new technologies, and some of the barriers to technology adoption faced by potential markets for OBCS technologies.

Davis, L.J.; Bruneau, C.L.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Integration of hydrothermal energy economics related quantitative studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An evaluation of the existing hydrothermal energy economics related quantitative studies is provided. The objective is to present the similarities and differences in methodology and assumptions, and explain the impact of these differences on the energy price estimates. A brief summary of the study categories, economic evaluation methodology, technical and economic assumptions and major outputs of the studies is presented. The relative importance and the likely effects of the most important technical and economic factors on the cost of energy are discussed. The sensitivity analysis results provided are useful in judging the credibility as well as the relative weaknesses and strengths of the various cost of energy estimation studies. The major conclusions of the evaluation and the recommendations for future research are presented.

Not Available

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Accelerator experiments contradicting general relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The deflection of gamma-rays in Earth's gravitational field is tested in laser Compton scattering at high energy accelerators. Within a formalism connecting the bending angle to the photon's momentum it follows that detected gamma-ray spectra are inconsistent with a deflection magnitude of 2.78 nrad, predicted by Einstein's gravity theory. Moreover, preliminary results for 13-28 GeV photons from two different laboratories show opposite - away from the Earth - deflection, amounting to 33.8-0.8 prad. I conclude that general relativity, which describes gravity at low energies precisely, break down at high energies.

Vahagn Gharibyan

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

232

Epistemology and Rosen's Modeling Relation  

SciTech Connect

Rosen's modeling relation is embedded in Popper's three worlds to provide an heuristic tool for model building and a guide for thinking about complex systems. The utility of this construct is demonstrated by suggesting a solution to the problem of pseudo science and a resolution of the famous Bohr-Einstein debates. A theory of bizarre systems is presented by an analogy with entangled particles of quantum mechanics. This theory underscores the poverty of present-day computational systems (e.g., computers) for creating complex and bizarre entities by distinguishing between mechanism and organism.

Dress, W.B.

1999-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

Control of processing factors for high J{sub c} Bi-2223/Ag tapes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ten factors relating to Bi-2223/Ag tape production and thermomechanical processing have been examined in a statistically designed study to determine optimal parameter values for high critical current density J{sub c} in rolled tapes. The study indicates that low fill factor, narrow tapes processed for long times yield the best J{sub c} values, and that strain rate, as expected, is not a significant factor. The major microstructural conclusion is that macrocracking, even at the early stages of tape processing, should be avoided, as these cracks cannot easily be healed.

Willis, J.O.; Ray, R.D.; Bingert, J.F.; Phillips, D.S.; Beckman, R.J.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

NIST: Triatomic - Special Units, ... and Useful Conver. Factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

5. Special Units, Fundamental Constants, and Useful Conversion Factors. 5.a. Special Units. ... 5.b. Fundamental Constants and Conversion Factors. ...

235

Synthetic heparin-binding factor analogs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having at least one peptide chain, and preferably two peptide chains branched from a dipeptide branch moiety composed of two trifunctional amino acid residues, which peptide chain or chains bind a heparin-binding growth factor receptor and are covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain, preferably by a linker, which may be a hydrophobic linker. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as pharmaceutical agents, soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Glass, John D. (Shoreham, NY)

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

236

electricity emission factors | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

emission factors emission factors Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords buildings carbon dioxide emissions carbon footprinting CO2 commercial buildings electricity emission factors ERCOT hourly emission factors interconnect nitrogen oxides

237

Factors Causing Unexpected Variations in Ada Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarks are often used to describe the performance of computer systems. This report considers factors that may cause Ada benchmarks to produce inaccurate results. Included are examples from the ongoing benchmarking efforts of the Ada Embedded Systems Testbed (AEST) Project using bare target computers with several Ada compilers. 1. Introduction One of the goals of the Ada Embedded Systems Testbed (AEST) Project is to assess the readiness of the Ada programming language and Ada tools for developing embedded systems. The benchmarking and instrumentation subgroup within the AEST Project is running various suites of Ada benchmarks to obtain data on the real-time performance of Ada on a number of different target systems. The purpose of this report is to categorize the factors which cause anomalous results to be produced by the benchmarks. Some of these factors have been observed, while others are more speculative in nature. All these factors should be understood if accurate, comparable,...

Neal Altman; Neal Altman

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Definition: Capacity factor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

power)12 View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The net capacity factor of a power plant is the ratio of its actual output over a period of time, to its potential output if...

239

CCG supertags in factored statistical machine translation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combinatorial Categorial Grammar (CCG) supertags present phrase-based machine translation with an opportunity to access rich syntactic information at a word level. The challenge is incorporating this information into the translation process. Factored ...

Alexandra Birch; Miles Osborne; Philipp Koehn

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Spatial Ontology in Factored Statistical Machine Translation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a statistical phrase-based machine translation system which is enriched with semantic data coming from a spatial ontology. Paper presents the spatial ontology, how it is integrated in statistical machine translation system using factored ...

Raivis Skadi?š

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Gust Factors Applied to Hurricane Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important consideration in the design of structures is their response to extreme winds. This is especially true in regions affected by hurricanes. In this research, gust factors derived from hurricane wind-speed records are compared with those ...

William R. Krayer; Richard D. Marshall

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Coal  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) has developed factors for estimating the amount of carbon dioxide emitted, accounting for differences among coals, to reflect the changing "mix" of coal in U.S. coal consumption.

William Watson

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Northeast Regional Cancer Institute's Cancer Surveillance and Risk Factor Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

OBJECTIVES The Northeast Regional Cancer Institute is conducting a program of ongoing epidemiologic research to address cancer disparities in northeast Pennsylvania. Of particular concern are disparities in the incidence of, stage at diagnosis, and mortality from colorectal cancer. In northeast Pennsylvania, age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates for colorectal cancer are higher, and a significantly smaller proportion of new colorectal cancer cases are diagnosed with local stage disease than is observed in comparable national data. Further, estimates of the prevalence of colorectal cancer screening in northeast Pennsylvania are lower than the US average. The Northeast Regional Cancer Institute’s research program supports surveillance of common cancers, investigations of cancer risk factors and screening behaviors, and the development of resources to further cancer research in this community. This project has the following specific objectives: I. To conduct cancer surveillance in northeast Pennsylvania. a. To monitor incidence and mortality for all common cancers, and colorectal cancer, in particular, and b. To document changes in the stage at diagnosis of colorectal cancer in this high-risk, underserved community. II. To conduct a population-based study of cancer risk factors and screening behavior in a six county region of northeast Pennsylvania. a. To monitor and document changes in colorectal cancer screening rates, and b. To document the prevalence of cancer risk factors (especially factors that increase the risk of colorectal cancer) and to identify those risk factors that are unusually common in this community. APPROACH Cancer surveillance was conducted using data from the Northeast Regional Cancer Institute’s population-based Regional Cancer Registry, the Pennsylvania Cancer Registry, and NCI’s SEER program. For common cancers, incidence and mortality were examined by county within the region and compared to data for similar populations in the US. For colorectal cancer, the stage at diagnosis of cases diagnosed in northeast Pennsylvania was compared to data from prior years. A population-based interview study of healthy adults was conducted to document the status of cancer screening and to estimate the prevalence of established cancer risk factors in this community. This study is similar in design to that used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). EXPERIMENTAL METHODS AND PROCEDURES: This program includes two distinct but related projects. The first project uses existing data to conduct cancer surveillance in northeast Pennsylvania, and the second is a population-based study of cancer risk factors and cancer screening behaviors in this same population. HUMAN SUBJECTS CONSIDERATIONS This program includes two projects: cancer surveillance and a population-based study of cancer risk factors and screening behavior. The cancer surveillance project involves only the use of existing aggregate data or de-identified data. As such, the surveillance project is exempt from human subjects considerations. The study of cancer risk factors and screening behaviors includes data from a random sample of adult residents of northeast Pennsylvania who are 18 or more years of age. All races, ethnicities and both sexes are included in proportion to their representation in the population. Subjects are interviewed anonymously by telephone; those who are unable to complete an interview in English are ineligible. This project has been reviewed and approved by the Scranton-Temple Residency Program IRB (IRB00001355), which is the IRB for the Northeast Regional Cancer Institute.

Lesko, Samuel M.

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

244

Standard guide for corrosion-related failure analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This guide covers key issues to be considered when examining metallic failures when corrosion is suspected as either a major or minor causative factor. 1.2 Corrosion-related failures could include one or more of the following: change in surface appearance (for example, tarnish, rust, color change), pin hole leak, catastrophic structural failure (for example, collapse, explosive rupture, implosive rupture, cracking), weld failure, loss of electrical continuity, and loss of functionality (for example, seizure, galling, spalling, swelling). 1.3 Issues covered include overall failure site conditions, operating conditions at the time of failure, history of equipment and its operation, corrosion product sampling, environmental sampling, metallurgical and electrochemical factors, morphology (mode) or failure, and by considering the preceding, deducing the cause(s) of corrosion failure. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibili...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

IV Estimation of Panels with Factor Residuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In microeconometric panels, the factor structure may capture different sources of unobserved individual-specific heterogeneity, the impact of which varies intertem- porally in an arbitrary way. For instance, in studies of production functions, the factor loadings may... supply, Euler equations for household consumption, and em- pirical growth models. In these models the coefficient of the lagged dependent variable captures inertia, habit formation and costs of adjustment and therefore it has structural significance (see...

Robertson, Donald; Sara dis, Vasilis

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

246

Faster Quantum Number Factoring via Circuit Synthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A major obstacle to implementing Shor's quantum number-factoring algorithm is the large size of modular-exponentiation circuits. We reduce this bottleneck by customizing reversible circuits for modular multiplication to individual runs of Shor's algorithm. Our circuit-synthesis procedure exploits spectral properties of multiplication operators and constructs optimized circuits from the traces of the execution of an appropriate GCD algorithm. Empirically, gate counts are reduced by 4-5 times, and circuit latency is reduced by larger factors.

Igor L. Markov; Mehdi Saeedi

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electricity Electricity Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Production & Distribution Research & Development Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations

248

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

249

Optimization Online - Blind Source Separation using Relative ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 19, 2005 ... Abstract: We study a relative optimization framework for quasi-maximum likelihood blind source separation and relative Newton method as its ...

250

Related Links | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Livermore Field Office > Related Links Related Links NNSA FOIA DOENNSA Telephone Directory U.S. Department of Energy Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Printer-friendly...

251

Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Manufacturing  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy-related carbon emissions in manufacturing analysis and issues related to the energy use, energy efficiency, and carbon emission indicators.

Information Center

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

252

Related Links | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

& Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing and Institutional R&D Programs > Related Links Related Links NNSA Lab Directed Research and Development...

253

Residential Commissioning: A Review of Related Literature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Commissioning: A Review of Related Literature Title Residential Commissioning: A Review of Related Literature Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-44535 Year...

254

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hydrogen Hydrogen Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Hydrogen Basics Production & Distribution Research & Development Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

255

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Blends Specifications Production & Distribution Feedstocks Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

256

Nuclear data and related services  

SciTech Connect

National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) maintains a number of data bases containing bibliographic information and evaluated as well as experimental nuclear properties. An evaluated computer file maintained by the NNDC, called the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF), contains nuclear structure information for all known nuclides. The ENSDF is the source for the journal ''Nuclear Data Sheets'' which is produced and edited by NNDC. The Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF), on the other hand is designed for storage and retrieval of such evaluated nuclear data as are used in neutronic, photonic, and decay heat calculations in a large variety of applications. Some of the publications from these data bases are the Nuclear Wallet Cards, Radioactivity Handbook, and books on neutron cross sections and resonance parameters. In addition, the NNDC maintains three bibliographic files: NSR - for nuclear structure and decay data related references, CINDA - a bibliographic file for neutron induced reactions, and CPBIB - for charged particle reactions. Selected retrievals from evaluated data and bibliographic files are possible on-line or on request from NNDC. 6 refs., 1 fig.

Tuli, J.K.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Quantifying Stove Emissions Related to Different Use Patterns for the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stove Emissions Related to Different Use Patterns for the Stove Emissions Related to Different Use Patterns for the Silver-mini (Small Turkish) Space Heating Stove Title Quantifying Stove Emissions Related to Different Use Patterns for the Silver-mini (Small Turkish) Space Heating Stove Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6319E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Maddalena, Randy L., Melissa M. Lunden, Daniel Wilson, Cristina Ceballos, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Jonathan L. Slack, and Larry L. Dale Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Air pollution levels in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia's capital, are among the highest in the world. A primary source of this pollution is emissions from traditional coal-burning space heating stoves used in the Ger (tent) regions around Ulaanbaatar. Significant investment has been made to replace traditional heating stoves with improved low-emission high-efficiency stoves. Testing performed to support selection of replacement stoves or for optimizing performance may not be representative of true field performance of the improved stoves. Field observations and lab measurements indicate that performance is impacted, often adversely, by how stoves are actually being used in the field. The objective of this project is to identify factors that influence stove emissions under typical field operating conditions and to quantify the impact of these factors. A highly-instrumented stove testing facility was constructed to allow for rapid and precise adjustment of factors influencing stove performance. Tests were performed using one of the improved stove models currently available in Ulaanbaatar. Complete burn cycles were conducted with Nailakh coal from the Ulaanbaatar region

258

Can a Unique Model Describe the Raindrop Shape–Size Relation? A Clue from Polarimetric Radar Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is proposed to retrieve raindrop shape–size relations from the radar measurements of reflectivity factor Zh, differential reflectivity Zdr, and specific differential phase Kdp at S band. This procedure is obtained using a domain defined ...

Eugenio Gorgucci; V. Chandrasekar; Luca Baldini

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Spatiotemporal and spatial threshold models for relating UV exposures and skin cancer in the central United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The exact mechanisms relating exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and elevated risk of skin cancer remain the subject of debate. For example, there is disagreement on whether the main risk factor is duration of the exposure, its intensity, or some ...

Laura A. Hatfield; Richard W. Hoffbeck; Bruce H. Alexander; Bradley P. Carlin

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Relating confidence to measured information uncertainty in qualitative reasoning  

SciTech Connect

Qualitative reasoning makes use of qualitative assessments provided by subject matter experts to model factors such as security risk. Confidence in a result is important and useful when comparing competing results. Quantifying the confidence in an evidential reasoning result must be consistent and based on the available information. A novel method is proposed to relate confidence to the available information uncertainty in the result using fuzzy sets. Information uncertainty can be quantified through measures of non-specificity and conflict. Fuzzy values for confidence are established from information uncertainty values that lie between the measured minimum and maximum information uncertainty values.

Chavez, Gregory M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zerkle, David K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Key, Brian P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shevitz, Daniel W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The averaged tensors of the relative energy-momentum and angular momentum in general relativity and some their applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There exist at least a few different kind of averaging of the differences of the energy-momentum and angular momentum in normal coordinates {\\bf NC(P)} which give tensorial quantities. The obtained averaged quantities are equivalent mathematically because they differ only by constant scalar dimensional factors. One of these averaging was used in our papers [1-8] giving the {\\it canonical superenergy and angular supermomentum tensors}. In this paper we present another averaging of the differences of the energy-momentum and angular momentum which gives tensorial quantities with proper dimensions of the energy-momentum and angular momentum densities. But these averaged relative energy-momentum and angular momentum tensors, closely related to the canonical superenergy and angular supermomentum tensors, {\\it depend on some fundamental length $L>0$}. The averaged relative energy-momentum and angular momentum tensors of the gravitational field obtained in the paper can be applied, like the canonical superenergy and angular supermomentum tensors, to {\\it coordinate independent} analysis (local and in special cases also global) of this field. We have applied the averaged relative energy-momentum tensors to analyze vacuum gravitational energy and momentum and to analyze energy and momentum of the Friedman (and also more general) universes. The obtained results are very interesting, e.g., the averaged relative energy density is {\\it positive definite} for the all Friedman universes.

Janusz Garecki

2005-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

262

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Related Links This list includes links related to propane. The Alternative Fuels Data

263

EcoFactor Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EcoFactor Inc EcoFactor Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name EcoFactor Inc Place Millbrae, California Zip 94030 Product California-based home energy management service provider. Coordinates 37.60276°, -122.395444° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.60276,"lon":-122.395444,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

264

Emission Factors (EMFAC) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emission Factors (EMFAC) Emission Factors (EMFAC) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: EMFAC Agency/Company /Organization: California Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Online calculator User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.arb.ca.gov/msei/onroad/latest_version.htm Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America References: http://www.arb.ca.gov/msei/onroad/latest_version.htm The EMission FACtors (EMFAC) model is used to calculate emission rates from all motor vehicles, such as passenger cars to heavy-duty trucks, operating on highways, freeways and local roads in California. EMFAC2007 is the most recent version of this model.

265

miRNA as Bystander Effect Factor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

miRNA as Bystander Effect Factor miRNA as Bystander Effect Factor L. Smilenov Columbia University Abstract miRNA are 21-23 mer RNA molecules which are essential for organism development and cell functions. They regulate gene expression by binding to the 3’UTR of mRNA, inducing either mRNA degradation or mRNA silencing. The most characteristic properties of miRNA are their multi-targeting potential (one miRNA may target many genes). This high information content of miRNAs makes them very important factors in cell reprogramming. Since these are small molecules which can potentially pass through gap junctions, it is logical to consider their role in cell to cell communication. We hypothesized that miRNA transfer between cells is likely to occur under stress conditions. To test this hypothesis we developed a system designed

266

Paramagnetic form factors from itinerant electron theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elastic neutron scattering experiments performed over the past two decades have provided accurate information about the magnetic form factors of paramagnetic transition metals. These measurements have traditionally been analyzed in terms of an atomic-like theory. There are, however, some cases where this procedure does not work, and there remains the overall conceptual problem of using an atomistic theory for systems where the unpaired-spin electrons are itinerant. We have recently developed computer codes for efficiently evaluating the induced magnetic form factors of fcc and bcc itinerant electron paramagnets. Results for the orbital and spin contributions have been obtained for Cr, Nb, V, Mo, Pd and Rh based on local density bands. By using calculated spin enhancement parameters, we find reasonable agreement between theory and neutron form factor data. In addition, these zero parameter calculations yield predictions for the bulk susceptibility on an absolute scale which are in reasonable agreement with experiment in all treated cases except palladium.

Cooke, J.F.; Liu, S.H.; Liu, A.J.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Optimization of wind turbine energy and power factor with an evolutionary computation algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of wind turbine energy and power factor with an evolutionary computation algorithm the energy capture from the wind and enhance the quality of the power produced by the wind turbine, and harmonic distortion. As the generation of wind energy on an industrial scale is relatively new, the area

Kusiak, Andrew

268

miRNA as Bystander Effect Factor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

miRNA as Bystander Effect Factor miRNA as Bystander Effect Factor L. Smilenov 1 , M. Grad 2 , D. Attinger 2 and E.Hall 1 1 Center for Radiological Research, Columbia University 2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University DOE Grant: DEPS0208ER0820 Abstract: miRNA are 21-23 mer RNA molecules which are essential for organism development and cell functions. They regulate gene expression by binding to the 3'UTR of mRNA, inducing either

269

Momentum compaction and phase slip factor  

SciTech Connect

Section 2.3.11 of the Handbook of Accelerator Physics and Engineering on Landau damping is updated. The slip factor and its higher orders are given in terms of the various orders of the momentum compaction. With the aid of a simplified FODO lattice, formulas are given for the alteration of the lower orders of the momentum compaction by various higher multipole magnets. The transition to isochronicity is next demonstrated. Formulas are given for the extraction of the first three orders of the slip factor from the measurement of the synchrotron tune while changing the rf frequency. Finally bunch-length compression experiments in semi-isochronous rings are reported.

Ng, K.Y.; /Fermilab

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Ccg supertags in factored statistical machine translation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combinatorial Categorial Grammar (CCG) supertags present phrase-based machine translation with an opportunity to access rich syntactic information at a word level. The challenge is incorporating this information into the translation process. Factored translation models allow the inclusion of supertags as a factor in the source or target language. We show that this results in an improvement in the quality of translation and that the value of syntactic supertags in flat structured phrase-based models is largely due to better local reorderings. 1

Alexandra Birch; Miles Osborne

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Annotated bibliography of human factors applications literature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This bibliography was prepared as part of the Human Factors Technology Project, FY 1984, sponsored by the Office of Nuclear Safety, US Department of Energy. The project was conducted by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, with Essex Corporation as a subcontractor. The material presented here is a revision and expansion of the bibliographic material developed in FY 1982 as part of a previous Human Factors Technology Project. The previous bibliography was published September 30, 1982, as Attachment 1 to the FY 1982 Project Status Report.

McCafferty, D.B.

1984-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

272

The neutron electric form factor to Q² = 1.45 (GeV/c)²  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nucleon elastic electromagnetic form factors are fundamental quantities needed for an understanding of nucleon and nuclear electromagnetic structure. The evolution of the Sachs electric and magnetic form factors with Q2, the square of the four-momentum transfer, is related to the distribution of charge and magnetization within the nucleon. High precision measurements of the nucleon form factors are essential for stringent tests of our current theoretical understanding of confinement within the nucleon. Measurements of the neutron form factors, in particular, those of the neutron electric form factor, have been notoriously difficult due to the lack of a free neutron target and the vanishing integral charge of the neutron. Indeed, a precise measurement of the neutron electric form factor has eluded experimentalists for decades; however, with the advent of high duty-factor polarized electron beam facilities, experiments employing polarization degrees of freedom have finally yielded the first precise measurements of this fundamental quantity. Following a general overview of the experimental and theoretical status of the nucleon form factors, a detailed description of an experiment designed to extract the neutron electric form factor from measurements of the neutron's recoil polarization in quasielastic 2H(e, e')1H scattering is presented. The experiment described here employed the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility's longitudinally polarized electron beam, a magnetic spectrometer for detection of the scattered electron, and a neutron polarimeter designed specifically for this experiment. Measurements were conducted at three Q2 values of 0.45, 1.13, and 1.45 (GeV/c)2, and the final results extracted from an analysis of the data acquired in this experiment are reported and compared with recent theoretical predictions for the nucleon form factors.

Bradley Plaster

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Definition: Load Shift Factor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

transmission facility or monitored Flowgate.1 Also Known As LSF Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line, flowgate, smart grid References Glossary of...

274

Definition: Generator Shift Factor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

output will impose on an identified transmission facility or Flowgate.1 Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line, flowgate, smart grid References Glossary of...

275

g-factor of the 2{sup+}{sub{1} state of {sup179}Hf.  

SciTech Connect

The g factor of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} state of {sup 172}Hf was measured using the perturbed angular correlation technique in a static external magnetic field. The result, g(2{sub 1}{sup +}) = 0.25(5), is discussed in relation to the systematics of the previously reported g factors in the Hf isotopes and compared with the predictions of several models. An interesting outcome of the analysis presented in this paper is the agreement between the calculated g factors within the interacting boson approximation (IBA) and the results of a large-scale shell model calculation. This agreement supports the emphasis in the IBA on the valence space. The undershooting of the empirical g factors near midshell in both models suggests that they underestimate the role of the saturation of collectivity, which is explicitly incorporated into a phenomenological model that agrees better with the data.

Berant, Z.; Oster, E.; Wolf, A.; Casperson, R. J.; Werner, V.; McCutchan, E. A. (Physics); (Yale Univ.); (Nuclear Research Center Negev); (Rutgers Univ.); (Clark Univ.); (Univ. of Richmond); (Univ. of Surrey); (Rhodes Coll.); (Technische Univ. Darmstadt); (ENS CACHAN)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

g factor of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} state of {sup 172}Hf  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The g factor of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} state of {sup 172}Hf was measured using the perturbed angular correlation technique in a static external magnetic field. The result, g(2{sub 1}{sup +})=0.25(5), is discussed in relation to the systematics of the previously reported g factors in the Hf isotopes and compared with the predictions of several models. An interesting outcome of the analysis presented in this paper is the agreement between the calculated g factors within the interacting boson approximation (IBA) and the results of a large-scale shell model calculation. This agreement supports the emphasis in the IBA on the valence space. The undershooting of the empirical g factors near midshell in both models suggests that they underestimate the role of the saturation of collectivity, which is explicitly incorporated into a phenomenological model that agrees better with the data.

Berant, Z.; Wolf, A. [Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Nuclear Research Center Negev, Beer-Sheva 84190 (Israel); Oster, E. [Nuclear Research Center Negev, Beer-Sheva 84190 (Israel); Casperson, R. J.; Werner, V.; Heinz, A.; Casten, R. F.; Terry, J. R.; Winkler, R.; Williams, E.; Qian, J.; Schmidt, A.; Smith, M. K.; Ahn, T. [Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Gurdal, G. [Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903 (United States); McCutchan, E. A. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Brenner, D. S. [Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Chemistry Department, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610 (United States); Beausang, C. W. [Physics Department, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia 23173 (United States); Regan, P. H. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Ross, T. [Physics Department, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia 23173 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH (United Kingdom)] (and others)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

The averaged tensors of the relative energy-momentum and angular momentum in general relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There exist at least a few different kind of averaging of the differences of the energy-momentum and angular momentum in normal coordinates {\\bf NC(P)} which give tensorial quantities. The obtained averaged quantities are equivalent mathematically because they differ only by constant scalar dimensional factors. One of these averaging was used in our papers [1-8] giving the {\\it canonical superenergy and angular supermomentum tensors}. In this paper we present one other averaging of the energy-momentum and angular momentum differences which gives tensorial quantities with proper dimensions of the energy-momentum and angular momentum densities. But these averaged energy-momentum and angular momentum tensors, closely related to the canonical superenergy and angular supermomentum tensors, {\\it depend on some fundamental length L}. The averaged energy-momentum and angular momentum tensors of the gravitational field obtained in the paper can be applied, like the canonical superenergy and angular supermomentum tensors, to coordinate independent local (and also global) analysis of this field.

Janusz Garecki

2005-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

278

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Related Links to Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Related Links on AddThis.com... Related Links For a list of additional resources about alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, select one or more categories below. All organizations are provided as suggested resources. The Alternative Fuels Data Center does not endorse these companies or the products and services listed on their websites (see disclaimer).

279

Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities DOE Selections Related Opportunities Related Opportunities The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has created this resource to help researchers, manufacturers, and distributors of solid-state lighting products locate funding opportunities to help them advance and deploy

280

Implementing a Universal Relation Frontend for SQL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For querying a universal relation system the user only has to specify the output attributes he is interested in and the conditions for these attributes; the universal relation system computes the relevant part of the database scheme with respect to the query, the query hypergraph, and subsequently relations and join conditions corresponding to the query hypergraph. We introduce a universal relation frontend working with an SQL-like language. In particular, we allow universal relation queries with SQL-features like aggregate functions, the GROUP BY and ORDER BY clause. We concentrate on the class of g-acyclic database schemes, where the universal relation queries are semantically unambiguous. 1. Introduction: Aims and tasks of universal relation systems Common relational databases are queried by specifying the desired output attributes (columns), the concerned relations (tables), and conditions for selecting the output tuples (rows) including conditions specifying how to join the relati...

Hans H. Brüggemann; Bernd Teßmer; Hans H. Br??ggemann

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nodal weighting factor method for ex-core fast neutron fluence evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The nodal weighting factor method is developed for evaluating ex-core fast neutron flux in a nuclear reactor by utilizing adjoint neutron flux, a fictitious unit detector cross section for neutron energy above 1 or 0.1 MeV, the unit fission source, and relative assembly nodal powers. The method determines each nodal weighting factor for ex-core neutron fast flux evaluation by solving the steady-state adjoint neutron transport equation with a fictitious unit detector cross section for neutron energy above 1 or 0.1 MeV as the adjoint source, by integrating the unit fission source with a typical fission spectrum to the solved adjoint flux over all energies, all angles and given nodal volume, and by dividing it with the sum of all nodal weighting factors, which is a normalization factor. Then, the fast neutron flux can be obtained by summing the various relative nodal powers times the corresponding nodal weighting factors of the adjacent significantly contributed peripheral assembly nodes and times a proper fast neutron attenuation coefficient over an operating period. A generic set of nodal weighting factors can be used to evaluate neutron fluence at the same location for similar core design and fuel cycles, but the set of nodal weighting factors needs to be re-calibrated for a transition-fuel-cycle. This newly developed nodal weighting factor method should be a useful and simplified tool for evaluating fast neutron fluence at selected locations of interest in ex-core components of contemporary nuclear power reactors. (authors)

Chiang, R. T. [AREVA NP Inc., 6399 San Ignacio Ave., San Jose, CA 95119 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Sensitivity analysis of data-related factors controlling AVA simultaneous inversion of partially stacked seismic amplitude data: Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chevron Energy Technology Company, Earth Sciences Technology Department, Reservoir Characterization Unit at Austin, Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering, 1 University Station, Mail Stop C0300, Austin

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

283

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE FACTORS RELATED TO DIRECT CARE STAFFS' KNOWLEDGE OF EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES FOR PEOPLE WI.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Medicaid Home and Community Based Services Waiver (HCBS) funds services for people with developmental disabilities in community based group homes. The purpose of the… (more)

Cook, Craig

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

The effect of behavioral and organizational factors on product managers' job-related outcomes: an empirical investigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Since its introduction by Procter and Gamble 50 years ago, the product management system has grown to be one of the most popular organizational concepts… (more)

Tandon, Sudhir

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Factorization studies in SIDIS at Jlab  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Data for positive and negative pion electroproduction from both hydrogen and deuterium targets are found to satisfy factorization tests in the kinematic region Q{sup 2} > 2 GeV{sup 2}, 0.2 < 0.45, W > 2 GeV, M{sub x} > 1.5 GeV, and 0.3 < 0.6.

Peter Bosted; Rolf Ent; David Gaskell; Hamlet Mkrtchyan; Tigran Navasardyan; Varden Tadevosyan

2006-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

286

Community discovery using nonnegative matrix factorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex networks exist in a wide range of real world systems, such as social networks, technological networks, and biological networks. During the last decades, many researchers have concentrated on exploring some common things contained in those large ... Keywords: Community discovery, Nonnegative matrix factorization

Fei Wang; Tao Li; Xin Wang; Shenghuo Zhu; Chris Ding

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Protein Synthesis Initiation Factors: Phosphorylation and Regulation  

SciTech Connect

The initiation of the synthesis of proteins is a fundamental process shared by all living organisms. Each organism has both shared and unique mechanisms for regulation of this vital process. Higher plants provide for a major amount of fixation of carbon from the environment and turn this carbon into food and fuel sources for our use. However, we have very little understanding of how plants regulate the synthesis of the proteins necessary for these metabolic processes. The research carried out during the grant period sought to address some of these unknowns in the regulation of protein synthesis initiation. Our first goal was to determine if phosphorylation plays a significant role in plant initiation of protein synthesis. The role of phosphorylation, although well documented in mammalian protein synthesis regulation, is not well studied in plants. We showed that several of the factors necessary for the initiation of protein synthesis were targets of plant casein kinase and showed differential phosphorylation by the plant specific isoforms of this kinase. In addition, we identified and confirmed the phosphorylation sites in five of the plant initiation factors. Further, we showed that phosphorylation of one of these factors, eIF5, affected the ability of the factor to participate in the initiation process. Our second goal was to develop a method to make initiation factor 3 (eIF3) using recombinant methods. To date, we successfully cloned and expressed 13/13 subunits of wheat eIF3 in E. coli using de novo gene construction methods. The final step in this process is to place the subunits into three different plasmid operons for co-expression. Successful completion of expression of eIF3 will be an invaluable tool to the plant translation community.

Karen S. Browning

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Factors affecting expanded electricity trade in North America  

SciTech Connect

The authors explore factors that affect electricity trade between enterprises in the US and Canada and the US and Mexico. They look to those underlying policy and institutional factors that affect the relative costs of producing electricity in the three countries. In particular, they consider six factors that appear to have a significant impact on electricity trade in North America: differences in the types of economic regulation of power leading to differences in cost recovery for wholesale and retail power and wheeling charges; changing regulatory attitudes, placing more emphasis on demand-side management and environmental concerns; differences in energy and economic policies; differences in national and subnational environmental policies; changing organization of electric power industries which may foster uncertainty, change historical relationships, and provide other potentially important sources of power for distribution utilities; and differences in the ability of enterprises to gain access to electric power markets because of restrictions placed on transmission access. In Section 2, the authors discuss the regulation of electricity trade in North America and provide an overview of the recent trading experience for electricity between Canada and the US and between Mexico and the US, including the volume of that trade over the past decade and existing transmission capacity between regions of the three countries. In Section 3, they look at the benefits that accrue to trading counties and what those benefits are likely to be for the three countries. The discussion in Section 4 centers on the relevant provisions of the Canada Free Trade Agreement and the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement. In Section 5, they set the stage for the discussion of policy and institutional differences presented in Section 6 by outlining differences in the organization of the electric power sectors of Canada, the US, and Mexico. The study is synthesized in Section 7.

Hill, L.J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Connecting Chromatin Modifying Factors to DNA Damage Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Cells are constantly damaged by factors that can induce DNA damage. Eukaryotic cells must rapidly load DNA repair proteins onto damaged chromatin during the DNA damage response (DDR). Chromatin-remodeling complexes use the energy from ATP hydrolysis to remodel nucleosomes and have well-established functions in transcription. Emerging lines of evidence indicate that chromatin-remodeling complexes are important and may remodel nucleosomes during DNA damage repair. New studies also reveal that ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling is involved in cell cycle progression, signal transduction pathways, and interaction and modification of DDR-related proteins that are specifically and intimately connected with the process of DNA damage. This article summarizes the recent advances in our understanding of the interplay between chromatin remodeling and DNA damage response.

Weiwei Lai; Hongde Li; Shuang Liu; Yongguang Tao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Factors relevant to utility integration of intermittent renewable technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assesses factors that utilities must address when they integrate intermittent renewable technologies into their power-supply systems; it also reviews the literature in this area and has a bibliography containing more than 350 listings. Three topics are covered: (1) interface (hardware and design-related interconnection), (2) operability/stability, and (3) planning. This study finds that several commonly held perceptions regarding integration of intermittent renewable energy technologies are not valid. Among findings of the study are the following: (1) hardware and system design advances have eliminated most concerns about interface; (2) cost penalties have not occurred at low to moderate penetration levels (and high levels are feasible); and (3) intermittent renewable energy technologies can have capacity values. Obstacles still interfering with intermittent renewable technologies are also identified.

Wan, Yih-huei; Parsons, B.K.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Study of Factors Affecting Shrub Establishment on the Monticello...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study of Factors Affecting Shrub Establishment on the Monticello, Utah, Disposal Cell Cover Study of Factors Affecting Shrub Establishment on the Monticello, Utah, Disposal Cell...

292

Critical factors influencing employment of disabled persons in Malaysia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines key factors that affect opportunities for employment of disabled people in Malaysia. Four factors are covered by the study; these are namely,… (more)

Ramakrishnan, Prabha.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin Title Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin...

294

Processing Chinese relative clauses in context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a self-paced reading experiment comparing the processing of subject-extracted relative clauses (SRCs) and object-extracted relative clauses (ORCs) in supportive contexts in Chinese. It is argued that ...

Gibson, Edward A.

295

Monetary policy and relative farm prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POLICY AND RELATIVE FAru·' PRICES by Kostas G. Stamoulis,POLICY fu~ RELATIVE FAR~ PRICES by Kostas G. Stamou1is,variables such as the price level to changes in monetary

Stamoulis, Kostas G.; Chalfant, James A.; Rausser, Gordon C.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Evaluation of two-phase relative permeability and capillary pressure relations for unstable displacements in a pore network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of displacement experiments was conducted using five wetting-nonwetting immiscible fluid pairs in a homogenous and uniform pore network. The micromodel was initially saturated with either polyethylene glycol 200 (PEG) or water as a wetting fluid, which was subsequently displaced by a nonwetting fluid (dodecane, hexadecane, or mineral oil) at different flow rates. The experiments were designed to allow determinations of nonwetting fluid relative permeabilities ( ), fluid saturations ( ), and capillary pressure heads ( ). In the displacements, nonwetting fluid saturations increased with increasing flow rates for all five fluid pairs, and viscous fingering, capillary fingering, and stable displacement were observed. Viscous fingering occurred when PEG was displaced by either dodecane or hexadecane. For the water displacements, capillary fingers were observed at low capillary numbers. Due to unstable fingering phenomena, values for the PEG displacements were smaller than for the water displacements. A fitting exercise using the Brooks-Corey (1964) relationship showed that the fitted entry pressure heads are reasonably close to the computed entry pressure head. The fitted pore geometry factor, ?? values for the displacements are considerably lower than what is expected for displacements in homogeneous, highly uniform, porous systems, demonstrating the impact of unstable displacement on the apparent value of ?. It was shown that a continuum-based multiphase model could be used to predict the average behavior for wetting fluid drainage in a pore network as long as independently fitted - and - relations are used. The use of a coupled approach through the Brooks-Corey pore geometry factor underpredicts observed values.

Dehoff, Karl J.; Oostrom, Martinus; Zhang, Changyong; Grate, Jay W.

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

297

Regular Functors and Relative Realizability Categories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relative realizability toposes that Awodey, Birkedal and Scott introduced in [1] satisfy a universal property that involves regular functors to other categories. We use this universal property to define what relative realizability categories are, when based on other categories than of the topos of sets. This paper explains the property and gives a construction for relative realizability categories that works for arbitrary base Heyting categories. The universal property shows us some new geometric morphisms to relative realizability toposes too. 1

Wouter Pieter Stekelenburg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A GLOSSARY OF STANDARDS-RELATED TERMINOLOGY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. A GLOSSARY OF STANDARDS-RELATED TERMINOLOGY ... v Page 6. Abstract A GLOSSARY OF STANDARDS-REIATED TERMINOLOGY ...

2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

299

Clustering techniques for open relation extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work investigates clustering techniques for Relation Extraction (RE). Relation Extraction is the task of extracting relationships among named entities (e.g., people, organizations and geo-political entities) from natural language text. We are particularly ... Keywords: relation extraction, text clustering

Filipe Mesquita

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Concepts and Fields of Relational Justice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper intends to introduce and explore the broad conceptual background of relational justice according to the current state of the art. Relational Justice(RJ) is defined as the justice produced through cooperative behavior, ... Keywords: ADR, ODR, dialogue, legal concepts, legal ontologies, legal systems, relational justice, restorative justice

Pompeu Casanovas; Marta Poblet

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Discovering semantic biomedical relations utilizing the Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To realize the vision of a Semantic Web for Life Sciences, discovering relations between resources is essential. It is very difficult to automatically extract relations from Web pages expressed in natural language formats. On the other hand, because ... Keywords: Ontology construction, relation identification

Saurav Sahay; Sougata Mukherjea; Eugene Agichtein; Ernest V. Garcia; Shamkant B. Navathe; Ashwin Ram

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

STEAM-WATER RELATIVE PERMEABILITY A DISSERTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STEAM-WATER RELATIVE PERMEABILITY A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF PETROLEUM Laboratory. iv #12;ABSTRACT Steam-water relative permeability curves are required for mathematical models of two-phase geothermal reservoirs. In this study, drainage steam- water relative permeabilities were

Stanford University

303

Employee and Labor Relations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Employee and Labor Relations Employee and Labor Relations Employee and Labor Relations The Headquarters Employee/Labor Relations Division provides labor/employee management relations advisory services to Headquarters staff, including union negotiations, adverse actions, grievances, and performance management. The Division staff represents management in third-party situations or union negotiations. Provides work life information, referral and support services to Headquarters employees covering such areas as child care, elder care, employee assistance programs, health and wellness, career transition and programs for the accessibility of Departmental services for people with disabilities. Click the "Contacts" Link to find a list of HR Specialist by the organization's they service.

304

Using Two-Factor RSA Token  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Using Two-Factor RSA Token Using Two-Factor RSA Token with VPN User Guide November 2013 Using Your RSA token with WebVPN 1. Establish a connection to the Internet and connect to https://connect.doe.gov 2. Users who are using their RSA Token for the first time should follow the steps below for PIN creation. Others who have already set up their PIN and used their RSA token previously should enter their six digit numeric username and passcode; this is the PIN + the RSA token code. The result of this successful login will be Step 8 below. 3. A login page similar to the picture below will be displayed. Enter your VPN Username (six-digit numeric ID) and your Password by typing your generated RSA Token code and then click the Login button. Example; your generated RSA token code is 032848 (from above). In the Password box, you will enter

305

Reliability based investigation of design factors  

SciTech Connect

Second-moment probabilistic techniques are used to formulate structural resistances and loads and to derive reliability-based safety, load, and strength factors for design. Existing concepts of the second-moment reliability theory have been extended to the practical case of multiple load combinations. This development consistently includes the stochastic character of loads and the unpredictable nature of their combinations. For this purpose, a new technique for the evaluation of load combinations is presented, whereby the moments of the extreme of combined loads is obtained in terms of the moments of individual loads and parameters describing their random fluctuations in time. Reliability-based safety, load, and strength factors are derived in terms of the acceptable level of risk, the coefficients of variation of the loads and resistance, uncertainties associated with errors in modeling and estimation, and a set of parameters describing the stochastic nature of loads and their combinations.

1978-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

306

Factorization in B ---> V gamma decays  

SciTech Connect

The factorization properties of the radiative decays B {yields} V{gamma} are analyzed at leading order in 1/m{sub b} using the soft-collinear effective theory. It is shown that the decay amplitudes can be expressed in terms of a B {yields} V form factor evaluated at q{sup 2} = 0, light-cone distribution amplitudes of the B and V mesons, and calculable hard-scattering kernels. The renormalization-group equations in the effective theory are solved to resum perturbative logarithms of the different scales in the decay process. Phenomenological implications for the B {yields} K*{gamma} branching ratio, isospin asymmetry, and CP asymmetries are discussed, with particular emphasis on possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Model.

Becher, Thomas; /Fermilab; Hill, Richard J.; /SLAC; Neubert, Matthias; /Cornell U., LEPP

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Infinite Dimensional VARs and Factor Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and any r 2 f1; ::;mg. ASSUMPTION 14 (Random factor loadings) isr = sr + #17;isr for s 2 f1; ::; kg , r 2 f1; ::;mg and any i 2 N, (69) where #17;isr #24; IID #0; 0; #27;2#17;sr #1; , isr does not change with N #21; i. #17;isr is independently... distributed of "r0t and ut for any s 2 f1; ::; kg ; r; r0 2 f1; ::;mg ; i 2 N and any t 2 Z. Furthermore, the third and the fourth moments of #17;isr are bounded. ASSUMPTION 15 (Non-random factor loadings) isr = O (1) for any i 2 N and any s 2 f1; ::; kg, r 2...

Chudik, Alexander; Pesaran, M Hashem

308

Performance of the Nested Tropical Cyclone Model as a Function of Five Storm-Related Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of the performance of the U.S. Navy Nested Tropical Cyclone Model (NTCM) for western North Pacific tropical cyclones is made based on five storm-related factors: latitude, longitude, intensity, 12-h intensity change and size (...

Johnny C-L. Chan; Brian J. Williams; Russell L. Elsberry

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Sensitive polarimetric search for relativity violations in gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the recent measurements of linear polarization in gamma rays from GRB 930131 and GRB 960924 constrain certain types of relativity violations in photons to less than parts in 10^{37}, representing an improvement in sensitivity by a factor of 100,000.

Alan Kostelecky; Matthew Mewes

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

310

Polarimetrically Tuned R(Z) Relations and Comparison of Radar Rainfall Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following rainfall measurements are compared: 1) the reflectivity factor–rain rate or R(Z) relation, whereby the rain is estimated point by point for mapping or area integration; 2) use of a specific differential phase KDP (between vertical ...

Alexander Ryzhkov; Dusan Zrni?; David Atlas

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Superintegrable Systems and Higher Rank Factorizations  

SciTech Connect

We consider a class of two-dimensional super-integrable systems that can be considered as the natural generalization of some well known one-dimensional factorized systems. Using standard methods to find the shape-invariant intertwining operators we find an so(6) dynamical algebra and its Hamiltonian hierarchies. In particular we consider those associated to unitary representations that can be displayed by means of three-dimensional polyhedral lattices.

Negro, Javier; Calzada, Juan A.; Olmo, Mariano A. del [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Atomica y Optica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valladolid, E-47011 Valladolid (Spain)

2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

312

Fukushima Daiichi Accident -- Technical Causal Factor Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On March 11, 2011, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant experienced a seismic event and subsequent tsunami. The accident and the ensuing mitigation and recovery activities occurred over several days, involved a number of incidents, and might provide several opportunities for lessons learned. The objective of this report is to determine the fundamental causative factors for the loss of critical systems at the Fukushima Daiichi reactors that resulted in core damage and subsequent radioactive release. ...

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

313

GROA AIRBORNE RELEASE DISPERSION FACTOR CALCULATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to calculate airborne release dispersion factors ({chi}/Q) for the surface and subsurface facilities at the Geological Repository Operations Area (GROA). The calculated {chi}/Q values may be used to estimate radiological consequences to workers for potential releases from normal operations and event sequences for License Application. The scope of this document is to provide estimates of {chi}/Q values at potential onsite receptors from facility releases, under normal operating conditions and event sequences.

J. Wang

2005-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

314

All Inequalities for the Relative Entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relative entropy of two n-party quantum states is an important quantity exhibiting, for example, the extent to which the two states are different. The relative entropy of the states formed by reducing two n-party to a smaller number $m$ of parties is always less than or equal to the relative entropy of the two original n-party states. This is the monotonicity of relative entropy. Using techniques from convex geometry, we prove that monotonicity under restrictions is the only general inequality satisfied by relative entropies. In doing so we make a connection to secret sharing schemes with general access structures. A suprising outcome is that the structure of allowed relative entropy values of subsets of multiparty states is much simpler than the structure of allowed entropy values. And the structure of allowed relative entropy values (unlike that of entropies) is the same for classical probability distributions and quantum states.

Ben Ibinson; Noah Linden; Andreas Winter

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

315

Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Manufacturing  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Energy-Related Carbon Emissions Energy Energy-Related Carbon Emissions Detailed Energy-Related Carbon Emissions All Industry Groups 1994 emissions Selected Industries Petroleum refining Chemicals Iron & Steel Paper Food Stone, clay and glass Methodological Details Estimation methods Glossary Return to: Energy and GHG Analysis Efficiency Page Energy Use in Manufacturing Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Manufacturing Manufacturing, which accounts for about 80 percent of industrial energy consumption, also accounts for about 80 percent of industrial energy-related carbon emissions. (Agriculture, mining, forestry, and fisheries account for the remaining 20 percent.) In 1994, three industries, petroleum, chemicals, and primary metals, emitted almost 60 percent of the energy-related carbon in manufacturing. The next three largest emitters (paper, food, and the stone, glass, and clay products industry) produced an additional 22 percent of the energy-related manufacturing emissions (Figure 1).

316

Web Sites Related to Women's Health Web Sites Related to Women's Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web Sites Related to Women's Health Web Sites Related to Women's Health Agency for Healthcare.html file:///C|/Program%20Files/Adobe/Adobe%20Dreamweaver...Science/Links/Web%20Sites%20Related%20to%20

de Lijser, Peter

317

Away-from-reactor storage of spent nuclear fuel: factors affecting demand  

SciTech Connect

This report analyzes factors that affect the magnitude and timing of demand for government AFRs, relative to the demand for other storage options, to assist policymakers in predicting this demand. Past predictions of AFT demand range widely and often appear to conflict. This report helps to explain the apparent conflicts among existing demand predictions by demonstrating their sensitivity to changes in key assumptions. Specifically, the report analyzes factors affecting the demand for government AFR storage facilities; illustrates why demand estimates may vary; and identifies actions that may be undertaken by groups, within and outside the government, to influence the level and timing of demands.

Dinneen, P.M.; Solomon, K.A.; Triplett, M.B.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Parametric Analysis of the Factors...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Parametric Analysis of the Factors Controlling the Costs of Sedimentary Geothermal Systems - Preliminary Results (Poster)...

319

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other Volatile Organic Compounds in FEMA Temporary Housing Units ...

320

Graphical technique for interpolating shape factors for peripheral waterflood systems  

SciTech Connect

A method of interpolating the shape factors between already known sets of data can be utilized in peripheral waterflood systems. This graphical technique should provide reasonably reliable shape factors without necessitating further flow pattern evaluation. A set of interpolated shape factors for the constant pressure difference case is tabulated. These factors were derived from the shape factors previously determined using variation of width technique. A comparison of the interpolated shape factors and the shape factors obtained by the circling-in techniques are also shown. Good agreement was obtained in this comparison.

Kantar, K.; Helander, D.P.

1967-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

Recursion relations and scattering amplitudes in the light-front formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fragmentation functions and scattering amplitudes are investigated in the framework of light-front perturbation theory. It is demonstrated that, the factorization property of the fragmentation functions implies the recursion relations for the off-shell scattering amplitudes which are light-front analogs of the Berends-Giele relations. These recursion relations on the light-front can be solved exactly by induction and it is shown that the expressions for the off-shell light-front amplitudes are represented as a linear combinations of the on-shell amplitudes. By putting external particles on-shell we recover the scattering amplitudes previously derived in the literature.

Christian A. Cruz-Santiago; Anna M. Stasto

2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

322

NETL: Major Demonstrations Clean Coal Related Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shelf Clean Coal Related Information Advanced Power Systems General Low-Emission Boiler System High-Performance Coal-Fired Power Systems Alternative Fuels and Chemicals from...

323

NREL: Research Participant Program - University Relations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University Relations program is dedicated to improving relationships with the higher education community. NREL wants to talk with talented students with areas of study in our...

324

Links to Muon Collider Related Web Pages  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

useful nu-factory related web pages: Nu-FactoryMuon Collider Studies at Fermilab Neutrino Factory Design Study MUCOOL Collaboration: Ionization Cooling R&D Brookhaven Muon...

325

Links to Muon Collider Related Web Pages  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Muon Collider related web pages: Muon Collider Feasibility Study ... Fermilab Page MUCOOL Collaboration: Ionization Cooling R&D Snowmass 1996 Feasibility Study Book Brookhaven Muon...

326

Changes related to "Environmentally Protective Power Generation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Changes related to "Environmentally Protective Power Generation EPPG" Environmentally Protective Power Generation EPPG Jump to:...

327

Related Links on High-Performance Schools  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below are related links to resources for incorporating energy efficiency and renewable energy into building or renovating high-performance schools.

328

Supercapacitor compositions, devices and related methods  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed are supercapacitor materials comprising compositions having pores that are optimally sized to maximize capacitance. Also disclosed are related methods for fabricating such supercapacitors.

Gogotsi, Yury; Simon, Patrice; Largeot, Celine; Portet, Cristelle; Chmiola, John; Taberna, Pierre-Louis

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

WEB RESOURCE: Nuclear Physics and Related Computational ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 6, 2007 ... This site provides presentations from the Nuclear Physics and Related Computational Science R&D for Advanced Fuel Cycles Workshop:

330

NREL: Vehicle Systems Analysis - Related Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

information related to NREL's vehicle systems analysis capabilities and R&D activities, including: Models and tools National laboratories Models and Tools NREL's vehicle system...

331

Energy Education & Workforce Development: Related Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

specific interest as well as other information about training requirements for certain energy jobs. DOE Related Advanced Manufacturing Office: Training Find training sessions in...

332

TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF THE RELATIVE ... - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

aqueous solutions [5, 6], while relative constants for the methane–butane series [ 7-9] and for cyclopentane [10] were measured by photolysis and radiolysis ...

333

Related Links | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Related Links Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing Institutional Research...

334

How Physics and Language are Related - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... How Physics and Language are Related. In comparing the uses of functional vocabulary and its lexical ancestors, we primarily notice that ...

335

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor

336

Related Links on High-Performance Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below are related links to resources for incorporating energy efficiency and renewable energy into high-performance commercial and residential buildings.

337

SRS - SRNS General Provisions and Related Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SRNS General Provisions and Related Documents General ProvisionsTerms and Conditions Documents Certifications SolicitationSubcontract Documents Focused Observation Safety...

338

PNNL: About PNNL: Communications & External Relations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Communications & External Relations At Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), scientific breakthroughs happen everyday. So does being a good neighbor. From cultivating...

339

Book Review: The Genesis of General Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a review of the four-volume set entitled The Genesis of General Relativity edited by Juergen Renn, Springer, Dordrecht (2007)

Donald Salisbury

2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

340

Data dictionary model for relational databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data Dictionary is an important tool in information engineering, especially when the data is maintained in relational structures. Using the formal concepts from which relational DBMS technology is derived, it is possible to construct a meta-informational dictionary to model relational database. This general model can be used to evaluate the design of existing and planned databases, as well as modeling business or scientific data. Such a dictionary model is described and its potential uses and benefits are explored with emphasis on integrity constraints. Issues related to the balancing of such formal conceptualization against real-world operations are presented.

Seesing, P.R.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

Survey of nucleon electromagnetic form factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been much activity in the measurement of the elastic electromagnetic proton and neutron form factors in the last decade, and the quality of the data has been greatly improved by performing double polarization experiments, in compar- ison with previous unpolarized data. Here we review the experimental data base in view of the new results for the proton, and neutron, obtained at MIT-Bates, MAMI, and JLab. The rapid evolution of phenomenological models triggered by these high-precision experiments will be discussed.

Perdrisat, Charles F. [William and Mary College; Punjabi, Vina A. [Norfolk State U.

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

342

Physical Nucleon Form Factors from Lattice QCD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore the possibility of extrapolating state of the art lattice QCD calculations of nucleon electromagnetic form factors to the physical regime. We find that the lattice results can be reproduced using the Light Front Cloudy Bag Model by letting its parameters be analytic functions of the quark mass. We then use the model to extrapolate the lattice result to the physical value of the pion mass, thereby allowing us to study how the predicted zero in GE(Q2)/GM(Q2) for proton varies as a function of quark mass.

Matevosyan, Hrayr H. [Louisiana State University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 202 Nicholson Hall, Tower Dr., Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, 12000 Jefferson Ave., Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Miller, Gerald A. [University of Washington, Department of Physics, Box 351560, Seattle, WA 98195-1560 (United States); Thomas, Anthony W. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, 12000 Jefferson Ave., Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

343

Resources required for topological quantum factoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a hypothetical topological quantum computer composed of either Ising or Fibonacci anyons. For each case, we calculate the time and number of qubits (space) necessary to execute the most computationally expensive step of Shor's algorithm, modular exponentiation. For Ising anyons, we apply Bravyi's distillation method [S. Bravyi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 042313 (2006)] which combines topological and nontopological operations to allow for universal quantum computation. With reasonable restrictions on the physical parameters we find that factoring a 128-bit number requires approximately 10{sup 3} Fibonacci anyons versus at least 3x10{sup 9} Ising anyons. Other distillation algorithms could reduce the resources for Ising anyons substantially.

Baraban, M. [Department of Physics, Yale University, 217 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511 (United States); Bonesteel, N. E. [Department of Physics and National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 (United States); Simon, S. H. [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, Oxford University, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Human factors engineering program review model  

SciTech Connect

The staff of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is performing nuclear power plant design certification reviews based on a design process plan that describes the human factors engineering (HFE) program elements that are necessary and sufficient to develop an acceptable detailed design specification and an acceptable implemented design. There are two principal reasons for this approach. First, the initial design certification applications submitted for staff review did not include detailed design information. Second, since human performance literature and industry experiences have shown that many significant human factors issues arise early in the design process, review of the design process activities and results is important to the evaluation of an overall design. However, current regulations and guidance documents do not address the criteria for design process review. Therefore, the HFE Program Review Model (HFE PRM) was developed as a basis for performing design certification reviews that include design process evaluations as well as review of the final design. A central tenet of the HFE PRM is that the HFE aspects of the plant should be developed, designed, and evaluated on the basis of a structured top-down system analysis using accepted HFE principles. The HFE PRM consists of ten component elements. Each element in divided into four sections: Background, Objective, Applicant Submittals, and Review Criteria. This report describes the development of the HFE PRM and gives a detailed description of each HFE review element.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

CSP for binary conservative relational structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove that whenever A is a 3-conservative relational structure with only binary and unary relations then the algebra of polymorphisms of A either has no Taylor operation (i.e. CSP(A) is NP-complete), or generates a congruence meet semidistributive variety (i.e. CSP(A) has bounded width).

Kazda, Alexandr

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Universal relations and #P-completeness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper follows the methodology introduced by Agrawal and Biswas in [Manindra Agrawal, Somenath Biswas, Universal relations, in: Structure in Complexity Theory Conference, 1992, pp. 207-220], based on a notion of universality for the relations associated ... Keywords: Computational complexity, Counting problems

Hervé Fournier; Guillaume Malod

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

MEMS based storage architecture for relational databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to recent advances in semiconductor manufacturing, the gap between main memory and disks is constantly increasing. This leads to a significant performance bottleneck for Relational Database Management Systems. Recent advances in nanotechnology have ... Keywords: Data placement, MEMS, Relational databases, Storage

Hailing Yu; Divyakant Agrawal; Amr El Abbadi

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

General Relativity in the Undergraduate Physics Curriculum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Einstein's general relativity is increasingly important in contemporary physics on the frontiers of both the very largest distance scales (astrophysics and cosmology) and the very smallest(elementary particle physics). This paper makes the case for a `physics first' approach to introducing general relativity to undergraduate physics majors.

James B. Hartle

2005-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

349

General Relativity in the Undergraduate Physics Curriculum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Einstein's general relativity is increasingly important in contemporary physics on the frontiers of both the very largest distance scales (astrophysics and cosmology) and the very smallest(elementary particle physics). This paper makes the case for a `physics first' approach to introducing general relativity to undergraduate physics majors.

Hartle, J B

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Relation between Indian Monsoon Variability and SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relation between the intraseasonal modes of the South Asian monsoon and the sea surface temperature (SST) in the tropical oceans on a daily time scale has been investigated. Long lead–lag relations of the daily SST anomalies with the dominant ...

V. Krishnamurthy; Ben P. Kirtman

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

COMPUTABLE CATEGORICITY VERSUS RELATIVE COMPUTABLE CATEGORICITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPUTABLE CATEGORICITY VERSUS RELATIVE COMPUTABLE CATEGORICITY RODNEY G. DOWNEY, ASHER M. KACH, STEFFEN LEMPP, AND DANIEL D. TURETSKY Abstract. We study the notion of computable categoricity of computable structures, comparing it especially to the notion of relative computable cate- goricity and its

352

USING BLOCKS OF SKEWERS FOR FASTER COMPUTATION OF PIXEL PURITY INDEX  

SciTech Connect

The pixel purity index (PPI) algorithm proposed by Boardman, et al.1 identifies potential endmember pixels in multispectral imagery. The algorithm generates a large number of skewers (unit vectors in random directions), and then computes the dot product of each skewer with each pixel. The PPI is incremented for those pixels associated with the extreme values of the dot products. A small number of pixels (a subset of those with the largest PPI values) are selected as pure and the rest of the pixels in the image are expressed as linear mixtures of these pure endmembers. This provides a convenient and physically-motivated decomposition of the image in terms of a relatively few components. We report on a variant of the PPI algorithm in which blocks of B skewers are considered at a time. From the computation of B dot products, one can produce a much larger set of derived dot products that are associated with skewers that are linear combinations of the original B skewers. Since the derived dot products involve only scalar operations, instead of full vector dot products, they can be very cheaply computed. We will also discuss a hardware implementation on a field programmable gate array (FPGA) processor both of the original PPI algorithm and of the block-skewer approach. We will furthermore discuss the use of fast PPI as a front-end to more sophisticated algorithms for selecting the actual endmembers.

J. THEILER; D. LAVENIER; ET AL

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Employee Concerns Related Documents | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Employee Concerns Related Documents Employee Concerns Related Documents Employee Concerns Related Documents The documents on this page are related to the Department of Energy's Reporting Employee Concerns Program, which you can find information about here. The DOE Order on Employee Concerns 442.1A establishes a Department of Energy (DOE) Employee Concerns Program (ECP) that ensures employee concerns related to such issues as the environment, safety, health, and management of DOE and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) programs and facilities are addressed through- a. prompt identification, reporting, and resolution of employee concerns regarding DOE facilities or operations in a manner that provides the highest degree of safe operations; b. free and open expression of employee

354

The General Theory of Relativity - A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Einstein's special theory of relativity addressed the problem of the invariant speed of light in vacuum by showing the interrelationship of space and time. The general theory of relativity showed how the shape of spacetime could explain the mechanism of gravity. A B C D E F A. Special Theory, General Theory Albert Einstein's most noted accomplishment is his theory of relativity. This theory was developed in two major stages. The first stage is known as the special theory of relativity. Its essential idea is that neither space nor time are absolute things, but relative things that depend on one's frame of reference, while the combination of space and time is a single, nonrelative entity, which remains the same regardless of one's frame of reference.

355

Central Internet Database (CID) Related Links  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Related Links Related Links Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Links to Waste and Materials Disposition Information Below is a collection of reports and links to various documents that provide information related to waste and material disposition. While most of these are directly related to the Department of Energy's waste management activities, some links include information from the commercial sector. Some of the information provides an historical context for current waste disposition alternatives. To view PDF documents, please ensure Adobe Reader is installed on your computer, it is available to download here Exit CID Website . Waste Volume Related Databases For DOE/EM waste and material stream data: Waste Information Management System (WIMS) provided by Florida International University Exit CID Website

356

Position specific variation in the rate of evolution intranscription factor binding sites  

SciTech Connect

The binding sites of sequence specific transcription factors are an important and relatively well-understood class of functional non-coding DNAs. Although a wide variety of experimental and computational methods have been developed to characterize transcription factor binding sites, they remain difficult to identify. Comparison of non-coding DNA from related species has shown considerable promise in identifying these functional non-coding sequences, even though relatively little is known about their evolution. Here we analyze the genome sequences of the budding yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae, S. bayanus, S. paradoxus and S. mikataeto study the evolution of transcription factor binding sites. As expected, we find that both experimentally characterized and computationally predicted binding sites evolve slower than surrounding sequence, consistent with the hypothesis that they are under purifying selection. We also observe position-specific variation in the rate of evolution within binding sites. We find that the position-specific rate of evolution is positively correlated with degeneracy among binding sites within S. cerevisiae. We test theoretical predictions for the rate of evolution at positions where the base frequencies deviate from background due to purifying selection and find reasonable agreement with the observed rates of evolution. Finally, we show how the evolutionary characteristics of real binding motifs can be used to distinguish them from artifacts of computational motif finding algorithms. As has been observed for protein sequences, the rate of evolution in transcription factor binding sites varies with position, suggesting that some regions are under stronger functional constraint than others. This variation likely reflects the varying importance of different positions in the formation of the protein-DNA complex. The characterization of the pattern of evolution in known binding sites will likely contribute to the effective use of comparative sequence data in the identification of transcription factor binding sites and is an important step toward understanding the evolution of functional non-coding DNA.

Moses, Alan M.; Chiang, Derek Y.; Kellis, Manolis; Lander, EricS.; Eisen, Michael B.

2003-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

357

New large-Nc relations among the nucleon and nucleon-to-Delta GPDs  

SciTech Connect

We establish relations which express the generalized parton distributions (GPDs) describing the N {yields} {Delta} transition in terms of the nucleon GPDs. These relations are based on the known large-N{sub c} relation between the N {yields} {Delta} electric quadrupole moment and the neutron charge radius, and a newly derived large-N{sub c} relation between the electric quadrupole (E2) and Coulomb quadrupole (C2) transitions. Namely, in the large-N{sub c} limit we find C2=E2. The resulting relations among the nucleon and N {yields} {Delta} GPDs provide predictions for the N {yields} {Delta} electromagnetic form factors which are found to be in very good agreement with experiment for moderate momentum transfers.

Marc Vanderhaeghen; Vladimir Pascalutsa

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Factorization of Darboux transformations of arbitrary order for 2D Schroedinger type operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the conjecture formulated by Darboux that every Darboux transformation of arbitrary order d for a second-order differential operator on the plane can be factorized into elementary Darboux transformations of order 1. Our proof is constructive. Previously, we established the same result for the Darboux transformations of order 2; we used invariantization and regularized moving frames for pseudogroups of Olver--Pohjanpelto. In the present paper, we use a different, more algebraic, method. We study the algebraic structure and relations for the mappings involved. In the 1D case, a proof of the analogous statement about factorization of the Darboux transformations for Schroedinger operators had been obtained, in four steps, by Veselov and Shabat, and Bagrov--Samsonov. In that case the factorization is not unique and the relations between different factorizations can be described in terms of Yang--Baxter maps (Adler and Veselov). Any analogs of that for the 2D case studied in this paper, remain an open question.

Ekaterina Shemyakova

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

359

Relative efficiency benefits of wholesale and retail competition in electricity: An analysis and a research agenda  

SciTech Connect

A central issue in the debate over restructuring the electric power industry is the extent to which the market should be open to competition. One aspect of this debate is whether competition ought to be restricted to the whole sale power market or be extended to final retail consumers. This report begins to explore the potential differences in economic efficiency between wholesale and retail competition in the electric power industry. The two market-structure scenarios are defined and the factors responsible for differences in efficiency are described. The report also contains an assessment of the relative importance of the factors and recommendations for pursuing further research.

Bohi, D.R.; Palmer, K.L. [Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Related Sites | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Sites Related Sites Related Sites Links to the following sources of information are provided as resources. Listings are obtained from government, industry and trade organizations and from other resources. B&W Corporate B&W Corporate The Babcock & Wilcox Company is a leading international provider of energy products and services. B&W Lawrence Livermore Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory helps reduce and counter threats to national and global security through the advancement and application of science and technology. B&W Pantex Located in Amarillo, Texas, the Pantex Plant supports stockpile stewardship, nonproliferation, and safeguards and security. Government System for Award Management The System for Award Management (SAM) (formerly Central Contractor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Related Links | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

The National Nuclear Security Administration The National Nuclear Security Administration Related Links Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing and Institutional R&D Programs > Related Links Related Links NNSA Lab Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Lab Directed Research and Development Collaborations DOE Adanced Scientific Computing Research DTRA (Defense Threat Reduction Agency) NAS (National Academy of Sciences) NSF (National Science Foundation) DOD (Department of Defense) NASA Exascale Activities NNSA Exascale Environment Planning Workshop ASCR Co-Design Centers Supercomputing Top 500 List ASC at Supercomputing Conference Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version Facebook

362

EPRI steam-turbine-related research projects  

SciTech Connect

The current perspective is provided of EPRI-project activities that relate to steam turbine reliability. Compiling status information is a part of the planning effort for continuing projects on turbine rotor reliability, turbine chemistry monitoring and materials behavior, and for the proposed project related to cracking of shrunk-on discs in low pressure nuclear steam turbines. This document includes related work beyond the steam turbine itself to cover those research projects whose scope and results impact the efforts specific to the turbine.

Gelhaus, F.; Jaffee, R.; Kolar, M.; Poole, D.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Heat transfer in theory of relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The traditional Fourier equation just allows us to study the evolution of temperature in an "undeformable" bar. The search for its relativistic variant is a task which is expected to fail because in relativity there are no undeformable bars. Rigid bodies, in the sense of "as rigid as possible", are deformables. In this work we show how to write in relativity the system of equations necessary to study simultaneously deformation and temperature evolution along a rigid deformable bar. The solutions of the two simultaneous equations is discussed assuming convenient constitutive relations for the material. An application is presented.

A. Brotas; J. C. Fernandes

2006-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

364

Mechanical Models of Fault-Related Folding  

SciTech Connect

The subject of the proposed research is fault-related folding and ground deformation. The results are relevant to oil-producing structures throughout the world, to understanding of damage that has been observed along and near earthquake ruptures, and to earthquake-producing structures in California and other tectonically-active areas. The objectives of the proposed research were to provide both a unified, mechanical infrastructure for studies of fault-related foldings and to present the results in computer programs that have graphical users interfaces (GUIs) so that structural geologists and geophysicists can model a wide variety of fault-related folds (FaRFs).

Johnson, A. M.

2003-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

365

hourly emission factors | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

60 60 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278660 Varnish cache server hourly emission factors Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago)

366

Factors affecting home range of mallard pairs  

SciTech Connect

Certain habitat and social factors were investigated for their effect on home range size of mallard (Anas platyhynchos) pairs breeding in a forested region of north-central Minnesota during the spring of 1971--72. Data from 31 radio-marked hens and drakes were used, but primary emphasis was placed on 8 pairs (5 with both members of the pair marked). Pairs were radio-tracked on river marsh areas, river channels, and large sand lakes to provide comparative data for evaluating home range size differences. Home ranges varied from an average of 53 ha for pairs using primarily river habitat to 871 ha for pairs using only large sand lakes. River and lake shorelines varied considerably in species and density of vegetation. Interaction between pairs as well as density of flocked males appeared to be influenced by these habitat differences with resultant effects on home range sizes.

Riechmann, J.H.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Factors Involved in Search Dog Training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Events of significant impact as recent as hurricane Ike yielded a consistent disturbing truth: we lack sufficient numbers of competent search dog [Canis familiaris] teams. This study was conceived to provide information in identifying factors involved in training competent search dogs. Obedience training methods, age training was initiated, previous handler canine training experience, and handler perception and emotional attachment to their search dog were examined through a sixty-six question survey. Achievement of a national certification was used as a measure of performance success. Association between factors and performance success was evaluated through Chi-Square testing. Surveys were announced through the National Search Dog Alliance (NSDA) and were available online; 177 were fully completed by respondents and used in the data analysis. Seventy-two percent of nationally certified canine team respondents preferred positive reinforcement methods. Several statistically significant associations were detected: (a) female handlers preferred positive reinforcement training methods [x^2 = 8.504, d.f.=1, P = 0.004], (b) as dogs matured use of active training equipment increased [x^2 = 54.043, d.f.= 2, P training each week had a higher proportion of national certifications [x^2 = 16.379, d.f. = 1, P less than 0.001]. The data also indicated a trend for handlers to have previous canine training experience equal to or greater than search dog training experience [x^2 = 118.36, d.f. = 9, P =0.05]. The results warrant further research on the effects of early training, the effects of training time investment, and the interaction between canine selection and handler understanding of canine learning theory.

Alexander, Michael B.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Factors Controlling The Geochemical Evolution Of Fumarolic Encrustatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

factors controlled the formation and evolution of fumarolic encrustations on the 1912 ash-flow sheet in the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes (VTTS). The six-factor solution model...

369

Factor Structure in Groups Selected on Observed Scores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

corresponding to item format ('minor' answer key and 'other' answer key). There are two quantitative factors,into the full sample answer key factors (2 and 3). The five

Muthen, Bengt O.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A New Approach to an Accurate Wind Chill Factor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Winter weather often shows a severity marked by low dry-bulb temperature combined with high wind speed. The wind chill factor is now a standard meteorological term to express this severity. This factor, or more appropriately the wind chill ...

Maurice Bluestein; Jack Zecher

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Shortwave Shape Factor Inversion of Earth Radiation Budget Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shape factor technique is routinely used to invert wide-angle radiometric measurements at satellite altitude to flux at the top of the atmosphere. The derivation of a shortwave shape factor requires assumptions on both the viewed radiation ...

Richard N. Green; G. Louis Smith

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

EPRI-CRIEPI Joint Human Factors Program Summary Report: Joint EPRI-CRIEPI Human Factors Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI-CRIEPI Joint Human Factors Program developed an array of intervention products that provide logical solutions to performance problems confronting nuclear power plant maintenance workers. These products, designed to reduce the incidence of errors and increase productivity, range from job performance cards to a software-based authoring system for training material.

1995-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

373

On-Road Measurement of Gas and Particle Phase Pollutant Emission Factors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On-Road Measurement of Gas and Particle Phase Pollutant Emission Factors On-Road Measurement of Gas and Particle Phase Pollutant Emission Factors for Individual Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Title On-Road Measurement of Gas and Particle Phase Pollutant Emission Factors for Individual Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Dallmann, Timothy R., Steven J. DeMartini, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Scott C. Herndon, Timothy B. Onasch, Ezra C. Wood, and Robert A. Harley Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 46 Issue 15 Pagination 8511-8518 Abstract Pollutant concentrations in the exhaust plumes of individual diesel trucks were measured at high time resolution in a highway tunnel in Oakland, CA, during July 2010. Emission factors for individual trucks were calculated using a carbon balance method, in which pollutants measured in each exhaust plume were normalized to measured concentrations of carbon dioxide. Pollutants considered here include nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, ethene, and black carbon (BC), as well as optical properties of emitted particles. Fleet-average emission factors for oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and BC respectively decreased 30 ± 6 and 37 ± 10% relative to levels measured at the same location in 2006, whereas a 34 ± 18% increase in the average NO2 emission factor was observed. Emissions distributions for all species were skewed with a small fraction of trucks contributing disproportionately to total emissions. For example, the dirtiest 10% of trucks emitted half of total NO2 and BC emissions. Emission rates for NO2 were found to be anticorrelated with all other species considered here, likely due to the use of catalyzed diesel particle filters to help control exhaust emissions. Absorption and scattering cross-section emission factors were used to calculate the aerosol single scattering albedo (SSA, at 532 nm) for individual truck exhaust plumes, which averaged 0.14 ± 0.03.

374

Glossary: Energy-Related Carbon Emissions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Glossary: Energy-Related Carbon Emissions Glossary: Energy-Related Carbon Emissions Glossary: Energy-Related Carbon Emissions For additional terms, refer to: the Glossary of Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 for additional greenhouse gas related terms, the Glossary of Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 for additional manufacturing terms, and Appendix F of Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 for descriptions of the major industry groups. British Thermal Unit: The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of water by 1 degree Fahrenheit. One quadrillion Btu is 1015 Btu, or 1.055 exajoules. Btu: See British Thermal Unit. Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless, non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of Earth's atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is a product of fossil-fuel combustion as well as other processes. It is considered a greenhouse gas as it traps heat radiated into the atmosphere and thereby contributes to the potential for global warming.

375

Related Links | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Los Alamos Field Office > Related Los Alamos Field Office > Related Links Related Links NNSA and Other Related Links DOE/NNSA Phonebook Freedom of Information Act Department of Energy DOE Directives DOE Jobs Online Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board DOE Pulse Publication DOE Office of Health, Safety and Security USA.Gov Los Alamos County Los Alamos National Laboratory LANL Phonebook National Nuclear Security Administration NNSA Service Center - Albuquerque NNSA Nevada Field Office New Mexico Environmental Department - LANL Sandia National Laboratories Waste Isolation Pilot Plant U.S. Department of Homeland Security Code of Federal Regulations Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr General Information About Los Alamos Field Office Contact Us Employee Concerns Program

376

How BEDES Relates | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings » Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Commercial Buildings » Building Energy Data Exchange Specification » How BEDES Relates How BEDES Relates Below is some detail regarding how BEDES relates to various tools and specifications with similar use cases. More detailed information on these efforts and others can be found in the scoping report. How BEDES Relates to Federal Tools There was widespread recognition by stakeholders of the value already provided by federal analytical tools, such as Portfolio Manager, the asset scoring tools, and Buildings Performance Database (BPD). Stakeholders also anticipate the value that Standard Energy Efficiency Database platform (SEED) will provide when it is complete. Aligning the data formats for all these tools and activities would reduce the data management burden for

377

Council on Foreign Relations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Council on Foreign Relations Council on Foreign Relations Council on Foreign Relations January 13, 2005 - 9:47am Addthis Remarks Prepared for Energy Secretary Abraham Thank you. It's an honor to be here with you today. For over 80 years the Council has played a leading role in guiding American foreign policy. As Leslie Gelb once said, "If the Council as a body has stood for anything ... it has been for American internationalism based on American interests." This body has not just stood for American internationalism and American interests, it has helped guarantee them. Scholars and historians have dubbed the last 100 years "the American Century," and there can be little doubt the Council on Foreign Relations helped make it so. As my tenure in the Bush Administration comes to a close, I wanted to

378

Selected AI-Related Dissertations Bibliography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following are citations selected by title and abstract as being related to AI, resulting from a computer search, using BRS Information Technologies, of the Dissertation Abstracts Online database produced by University Microfilms International (UMI).The ...

Bob Krovetz; Susanne M. Humphrey

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Relating River Plume Structure to Vertical Mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of a river plume is related to the vertical mixing using an isohaline-based coordinate system. Salinity coordinates offer the advantage of translating with the plume as it moves or expanding as the plume grows. This coordinate ...

Robert D. Hetland

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Multigrid Solution of the Semigeostrophic Invertibility Relation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In semigeostrophic theory one can recover the balanced wind and mass fields from the potential vorticity by solving a nonlinear elliptic boundary-value problem. This paper describes the efficient solution of this invertibility relation in two ...

Scott R. Fulton

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Relation guided bootstrapping of semantic lexicons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-of-the-art bootstrapping systems rely on expert-crafted semantic constraints such as negative categories to reduce semantic drift. Unfortunately, their use introduces a substantial amount of supervised knowledge. We present the Relation Guided ...

Tara McIntosh; Lars Yencken; James R. Curran; Timothy Baldwin

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Finding related papers in literature digital libraries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is about searching literature digital libraries to find "related" publications of a given publication. Existing approaches do not take into account publication topics in the relatedness computation, allowing topic diffusion across query output ...

Nattakarn Ratprasartporn; Gultekin Ozsoyoglu

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Reliable discourse markers for contrast relations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the RST annotated corpus [Carlson et al., 2003], we use simple statistics on the distribution of discourse markers or cue phrases as evidence of the three-way distinction of Contrast relations, Contrast, Antithesis and Concession, recognized ...

Jennifer Spenader; Anna Lobanova

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Fuzzy Limits and Fuzzy Nearness Relation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to introduce the notion of fuzzy limit within the fuzzy analysis developed in the concept of fuzzy nearness relation. The main results concern the corresponding calculus.

Martin Kalina

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

THE RELATION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS TO RESPIRATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

eng-@ The Relation of Photosynthesis t o Respiration J.W.y independent paths i n photosynthesis am3 l i g h t ~ e s pup vphotosynthatesfl, 3 . Photosynthesis proceeds a t a

Weigl, J.W.; Warrington, P.M.; Calvin, M.

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Quantum effect on luminosity-redshift relation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many different proposals for a theory of quantum gravity. Even leaving aside the fundamental difference among theories such as the string theory and the non-perturbative quantum gravity, we are still left with many ambiguities (and/or parameters to be determined) with regard to the choice of variables, the choice of related groups, etc. Loop quantum gravity is also in such a state. It is interesting to search for experimental observables to distinguish these quantum schemes. This paper investigates the loop quantum gravity effect on luminosity-redshift relation. The quantum bounce behavior of loop quantum cosmology is found to result in multivalued correspondence in luminosity-redshift relation. And the detail multivalued behavior can tell the difference of different quantum parameters. The inverse volume quantum correction does not result in bounce behavior in this model, but affects luminosity-redshift relation also significantly.

Li-Fang Li; Jian-Yang Zhu

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

387

Selected M-Related Dissertations Bibliography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following are citations selected by title and abstract as being related to AI, resulting from a computer search, using DIALOG Information Services, of the Dissertation Abstracts Online database produced by University Microfilms International (UMI). ...

Susanne M. Humphrey; Bob Krovetz

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

The General Circulation and Robust Relative Humidity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of free-tropospheric relative humidity to cloud microphysics and dynamics is explored using a simple 2D humidity model and various configurations of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Atmosphere Model ...

S. C. Sherwood; C. L. Meyer

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Selected M-Related Dissertations Bibliography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following are citations selected by title and abstract as being related to AI, resulting from a computer search, using BRS Information Technologies, of the Dissertation Abstracts Online data-base produced by University Microfilms International (UMI). ...

Susanne M. Humphrey; Bob Krovetz

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Precision monitoring of relative beam intensity for Mu2e  

SciTech Connect

For future experiments at the intensity frontier, precise and accurate knowledge of beam time structure will be critical to understanding backgrounds. The proposed Mu2e experiment will utilize {approx}200 ns (FW) bunches of 3 x 10{sup 7} protons at 8 GeV with a bunch-to-bunch period of 1695 ns. The out-of-bunch beam must be suppressed by a factor of 10{sup -10} relative to in-bunch beam and continuously monitored. I propose a Cerenkov-based particle telescope to measure secondary production from beam interactions in a several tens of microns thick foil. Correlating timing information with beam passage will allow the determination of relative beam intensity to arbitrary precision given a sufficiently long integration time. The goal is to verify out-of-bunch extinction to the level 10{sup -6} in the span of several seconds. This will allow near real-time monitoring of the initial extinction of the beam resonantly extracted from Fermilabs Debuncher before a system of AC dipoles and collimators, which will provide the final extinction. The effect on beam emittance is minimal, allowing the necessary continuous measurement. I will present the detector design and some concerns about bunch growth during the resonant extraction.

Evans, N.J.; Kopp, S.E.; /Texas U.; Prebys, E.; /Fermilab

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Factors Affecting the Dissolution of Resorbable Bioactive Glasses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Factors affecting dissolution are numerous: residual stress, composition, ... and manufacturing method on the dissolution behaviour of glasses with fixed overall ...

392

Experimental determination of the evolvability of a transcription factor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of gene regulation by transcription factors and micrornas. Nat Rev Genet 8:93­103. 35. Sparrow D, Guillen

Quake, Stephen R.

393

NIST Team Demystifies Utility of Power Factor Correction ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... M. Misakian, TL Nelson and WE Feero. Regarding Electric Energy Savings, Power Factors, and Carbon Footprints: A Primer. ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

394

Spin and Anholonomy in General Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the general case, torsion couples to the spin current of the Dirac field. In General Relativity, the apparent torsion field to which the spin current of the Dirac field couples is a mere manifestation of the tetrad anholonomy. Seen from the tetrad frame itself, it has for components the anholonomy coefficients. The latter represent mechanical characteristics of the frame. In the teleparallel equivalent of General Relativity, this coefficient turns out to be the only torsion present.

R. Aldrovandi; P. B. Barros; J. G. Pereira

2004-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

395

Projective Relativity: Present Status and Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a critical analysis of projective relativity theory. Examining Kaluza's own intention and the following development by Klein, Jordan, Pauli, Thiry, Ludwig and others, we conclude that projective relativity was abused in its own terms. Much more in the case of newer higher dimensional Kaluza--Klein theories with non-Abelian gauge groups. Reviewing the projective formulation of the Jordan isomorphy theorem yields some hints how one can proceed in a different direction. We can interpret the condition R5_{\\mu\

Bertfried Fauser

2000-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

396

Photonic crystal: energy-related applications  

SciTech Connect

We review recent work on photonic-crystal fabrication using soft-lithography techniques. We consider applications of the resulting structures in energy-related areas such as lighting and solar-energy harvesting. In general, our aim is to introduce the reader to the concepts of photonic crystals, describe their history, development, and fabrication techniques and discuss a selection of energy-related applications.

Ye, Zhuo; Park, Joong-Mok; Constant, Kristen; Kim, Tae-Geun; Ho, Kai-Ming

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

397

General Relativity as Geometro-Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the spirit of Sakharov's `metric elasticity' proposal, we draw a loose analogy between general relativity and the hydrodynamic state of a quantum gas. In the `top-down' approach, we examine the various conditions which underlie the transition from some candidate theory of quantum gravity to general relativity. Our emphasis here is more on the `bottom-up' approach, where one starts with the semiclassical theory of gravity and examines how it is modified by graviton and quantum field excitations near and above the Planck scale. We mention three aspects based on our recent findings: 1) Emergence of stochastic behavior of spacetime and matter fields depicted by an Einstein-Langevin equation. The backreaction of quantum fields on the classical background spacetime manifests as a fluctuation-dissipation relation. 2) Manifestation of stochastic behavior in effective theories below the threshold arising from excitations above. The implication for general relativity is that such Planckian effects, though exponentially suppressed, is in principle detectable at sub-Planckian energies. 3) Decoherence of correlation histories and quantum to classical transition. From Gell-Mann and Hartle's observation that the hydrodynamic variables which obey conservation laws are most readily decohered, one can, in the spirit of Wheeler, view the conserved Bianchi identity obeyed by the Einstein tensor as an indication that general relativity is a hydrodynamic theory of geometry. Many outstanding issues surrounding the transition to general relativity are of a nature similar to hydrodynamics and mesoscopic physics.

B. L. Hu

1996-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

398

Web sites related to consumer and professional information Web sites Related to Consumer & Professional Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web sites related to consumer and professional information Web sites Related to Consumer://ihpr.ubc.ca/ MedWeb Site Directory http://www.MedWeb.Emory.edu/MedWeb National Cancer Institute http

de Lijser, Peter

399

Web Sites Related to HIV/Aids Web Sites Related to HIV/Aids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web Sites Related to HIV/Aids Web Sites Related to HIV/Aids "Surviving AIDS" httpDreamweaver...20Science/Links/Web%20Sites%20Related%20to%20HIV.htm [10/6/2010 10:56:31 AM] #12;

de Lijser, Peter

400

Web Sites related to Minority Health Web Sites Related to Minority Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web Sites related to Minority Health Web Sites Related to Minority Health Bettering the Health://www.ihs.gov/ Individual Web Sites Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Minority Health http://www.omhrc.gov/ file:///C|/Program%20Files/Adobe/Adobe%20Dreamweaver%...ks/Web%20Sites%20related%20to%20Minority%20

de Lijser, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Web Sites Related to Mental Health Web Sites Related to Mental Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web Sites Related to Mental Health Web Sites Related to Mental Health American Academy of Child://www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/adahom1.htm file:///C|/Program%20Files/Adobe/Adobe%20Dreamweaver%...inks/Web%20Sites%20Related%20to%20

de Lijser, Peter

402

Humidity, human factors, and the energy shortage  

SciTech Connect

Studies by the Institute for Environmental Research, Kansas State University, show that in terms of comfort, health, and performance, humidity control is an important element of environmental control and should not be eliminated for the sake of energy conservation. A constant level of comfort can be maintained if the humidity is increased and the temperature is decreased and vice versa; school absenteeism due to upper respiratory infection is related to classroom humidifcation; and psychomotor performance is better under warm, dry conditions than under warm, moist conditions. Humidification may be valuable in thermostat-setback programs by making cooler conditions comfortable.

Rohles, F.H. Jr.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Dynamic Multi-Relational Chinese Restaurant Process for Analyzing Influences on Users in Social Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the problem of analyzing influence of various factors affecting individual messages posted in social media. The problem is challenging because of various types of influences propagating through the social media network that act simultaneously on any user. Additionally, the topic composition of the influencing factors and the susceptibility of users to these influences evolve over time. This problem has not studied before, and off-the-shelf models are unsuitable for this purpose. To capture the complex interplay of these various factors, we propose a new non-parametric model called the Dynamic Multi-Relational Chinese Restaurant Process. This accounts for the user network for data generation and also allows the parameters to evolve over time. Designing inference algorithms for this model suited for large scale social-media data is another challenge. To this end, we propose a scalable and multi-threaded inference algorithm based on online Gibbs Sampling. Extensive evaluations on large-scale Twitter and...

Lakkaraju, Himabindu; Bhattacharyya, Chiranjib

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Probability based load factors for design of concrete containment structures  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a procedure for developing probability-based load combinations for the design of concrete containments. The proposed criteria are in a load and resistance factor design (LRFD) format. The load factors and resistance factors are derived for use in limit states design and are based on a target limit state probability. In this paper, the load factors for accident pressure and safe shutdown earthquake are derived for three target limit state probabilities. Other load factors are recommended on the basis of prior experience with probability-based design criteria for ordinary building construction. 6 refs.

Hwang, H.; Kagami, S.; Reich, M.; Ellingwood, B.; Shinozuka, M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The Fundamental Scaling Relations of Elliptical Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(ABRIDGED) We examine the fundamental scaling relations of elliptical galaxies formed through mergers. Using hundreds of simulations to judge the impact of progenitor galaxy properties on merger remnants, we find that gas dissipation provides an important contribution to tilt in the Fundamental Plane relation. Dissipationless mergers of disks produce remnants that occupy the virial plane. As the gas content of disk galaxies is increased, the tilt of the Fundamental Plane relation increases and the slope of the Re-M_* relation steepens. For gas fractions fgas > 30%, the simulated Fundamental Plane scalings approach those observed in the K-band. In our simulations, feedback from supermassive black hole growth has only a minor influence on the stellar-mass scaling relations of spheroidal galaxies, but may play a role in maintaining the observed Fundamental Plane tilt at optical wavelengths by suppressing residual star formation in merger remnants. We estimate that \\approx 40-100% of the Fundamental Plane tilt induced by structural properties owes to trends in the central total-to-stellar mass ratio M_total/M_* produced by dissipation. Lower mass systems obtain greater phase- space densities than higher mass systems, producing a galaxy mass-dependent central M_total/M_* and a corresponding tilt in the Fundamental Plane.

B. Robertson; T. J. Cox; L. Hernquist; M. Franx; P. F. Hopkins; P. Martini; V. Springel

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The interpretation of screen-factor measurements  

SciTech Connect

Screen-factor (SF) measurements are widely used in the petroleum industry to characterize polymer solutions. The measurements are easy to perform and provide information that is different from solution-viscosity measurements. However, there has been no quantitative explanation of what solution property is being measured by SF. The authors show that SF measures the elongational viscosity of a polymer solution. Experiments on a modified commercial screen viscometer show the relationship between SF measurements and elongational-flow measurements performed by Durst and coworkers. Durst has shown that the elongational flow field in a packed bed of spheres triggers a transition in the conformation of a flexible polymer molecule, such as polyacrylamide, from a coiled to a stretched state. This transition in conformation is accompanied by a jump in the resistance to flow by an order of magnitude. They show that conventional screen viscometers operate in the regime where the molecules are in the highly stretched state. On the basis of Durst's work, it is calculated that the SF measurement is sensitive to high-molecular-weight tails in the polymer molecular-weight distribution.

Lim, T.; Uhl, J.T.; Prud'homme, R.K.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

A review of electrochromic window performance factors  

SciTech Connect

The performance factors which will influence the market acceptance of electrochromic windows are reviewed. A set of data representing the optical properties of existing and foreseeable electrochromic window devices was generated. The issue of reflective versus absorbing electrochromics was explored. This data was used in the DOE 2.1 building energy model to calculate the expected energy savings compared to conventional glazings. The effects of several different control strategies were tested. Significant energy and peak electric demand benefits were obtained for some electrochromic types. Use of predictive control algorithms to optimize cooling control may result in greater energy savings. Initial economic results considering annual savings, cooling equipment cost savings, and electrochromic window costs are presented. Calculations of thermal and visual comfort show additional benefits from electrochromics but more work is needed to quantify their importance. The design freedom and aesthetic possibilities of these dynamic glazings should provide additional market benefits, but their impact is difficult to assess at this time. Ultimately, a full assessment of the market viability of electrochromics must consider the impacts of all of these issues.

Selkowitz, S.E.; Rubin, M.; Lee, E.S.; Sullivan, R.; Finlayson, E.; Hopkins, D.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Public opinion factors regarding nuclear power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is an effort to identify, as comprehensively as possible, public concerns about nuclear power, and to assess, where possible, the relative importance of these concerns as they relate to government regulation of and policy towards nuclear power. It is based on some two dozen in-depth interviews with key communicators representing the nuclear power industry, the environmental community, and government, as well as on the parallel efforts in our research project: (1) review of federal court case law, (2) a selective examination of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) administrative process, and (3) the preceding George Mason University research project in this series. The paper synthesizes our findings about public attitudes towards nuclear power as expressed through federal court case law, NRC administrative law, public opinion surveys, and direct personal interviews. In so doing, we describe the public opinion environment in which the nuclear regulatory process must operate. Our premise is that public opinion ultimately underlies the approaches government agencies take towards regulating nuclear power, and that, to the degree that the nuclear power industry`s practices are aligned with public opinion, a more favorable regulatory climate is possible.

Benson, B.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

409

Public opinion factors regarding nuclear power  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an effort to identify, as comprehensively as possible, public concerns about nuclear power, and to assess, where possible, the relative importance of these concerns as they relate to government regulation of and policy towards nuclear power. It is based on some two dozen in-depth interviews with key communicators representing the nuclear power industry, the environmental community, and government, as well as on the parallel efforts in our research project: (1) review of federal court case law, (2) a selective examination of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) administrative process, and (3) the preceding George Mason University research project in this series. The paper synthesizes our findings about public attitudes towards nuclear power as expressed through federal court case law, NRC administrative law, public opinion surveys, and direct personal interviews. In so doing, we describe the public opinion environment in which the nuclear regulatory process must operate. Our premise is that public opinion ultimately underlies the approaches government agencies take towards regulating nuclear power, and that, to the degree that the nuclear power industry's practices are aligned with public opinion, a more favorable regulatory climate is possible.

Benson, B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program - Electricity Factors  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Voluntary Reporting Program > Coefficients Voluntary Reporting Program > Coefficients Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program (Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program Fuel Carbon Dioxide Emission Coefficients) Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program Fuel Emission Coefficients Table 1: Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Stationary Combustion Table 2: Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Transportation Fuels Table 3: Generic Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emission Factors for Stationary Fuel Combustion Table 4: Specific Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emission Factors for Biogenic Fuel Sources Table 5: Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emissions Factors for Highway Vehicles Table 6: Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emission Factors for Alternative Fuel Vehicles Table 7: Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emission Factors for Non-Highway Mobile Combustion

411

Relationship between the Scavenging Coefficient for Pollutants in Precipitation and the Radar Reflectivity Factor. Part I: Derivation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relation between the scavenging coefficient ? (s?1) for air pollutants in precipitation and the radar reflectivity factor Z (mm6 m?3) is based on the fact that they are both functions of the hydrometeor size distribution. In this paper, which ...

Kirsti Jylhä

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Industry Related Projects [Laser Applications Laboratory] - Nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industry Related Projects Industry Related Projects Capabilities Engineering Experimentation Reactor Safety Experimentation Aerosol Experiments System Components Laser Applications Overview Laser Oil & Gas Well Drilling Laser Heat Treatment Laser Welding of Metals On-line Monitoring Laser Beam Delivery Laser Glazing of Railroad Rails High Power Laser Beam Delivery Decontamination and Decommissioning Refractory Alloy Welding Robots Applications Other Facilities Other Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Laser Applications Laboratory Industry related projects Bookmark and Share LASER OIL & GAS WELL DRILLING Using high-power lasers to drill and complete gas & oil wells LASER HEAT TREATMENT Optimization of laser beam heat treatment (Caterpillar and USCAR)

413

Storage Related News | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Related News Storage Related News Storage Related News November 1, 2013 November 13 ESTAP Webinar: Duke Energy's Energy Storage Projects On Wednesday, November 13 from 1 - 2 p.m. ET, Clean Energy States Alliance will host a webinar on Duke Energy's battery energy storage systems. This webinar will be introduced by Dr. Imre Gyuk, Energy Storage Program Manager in the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. August 30, 2013 September 16 ESTAP Webinar: Optimizing the Benefits of a PV with Battery Storage System On Monday, September 16 from 1 - 2 p.m. ET, Clean Energy States Alliance will host a webinar on optimizing the benefits of a photovoltaic (PV) storage system with a battery. This webinar will be introduced by Dr. Imre Gyuk, Energy Storage Program Manager in the Office of Electricity Delivery

414

Cybersecurity Related Blogs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blogs Blogs Cybersecurity Related Blogs October 30, 2013 Cybersecurity Related Blogs Cybersecurity Is Every Citizen's Responsibility The Energy Department plays a unique and critical role in promoting our nation's cybersecurity. But all Internet users can help prevent cyber threats by practicing safe online behavior. September 19, 2013 Cybersecurity Related Blogs Innovating to Meet the Evolving Cyber Challenge Protecting the critical energy infrastructure that supports America's economy and security is vital -- and is a top Energy Department priority. May 14, 2013 This Thursday: Google+ Hangout on Securing the Smart Grid Have questions about how the Department is helping ensure the nation's electric grid stays safe and secure? Ask members of the smart grid cybersecurity workforce your questions this Thursday.

415

On the Relation Between BDDs and FDDs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data structures for Boolean functions build an essential component of design automation tools, especially in the area of logic synthesis. The state of the art data structure is the ordered binary decision diagram (OBDD), which results from general binary decision diagrams (BDDs), also called branching programs, by ordering restrictions. In the context of EXOR-based logic synthesis another type of decision diagram (DD), called (ordered) functional decision diagram ((O)FDD) becomes increasingly important. We study the relation between (ordered, free) BDDs and FDDs. Both, BDDs and FDDs, result from DDs by defining the represented function in different ways. If the underlying DD is complete, the relation between both types of interpretation can be described by a Boolean transformation . This allows us to relate the FDD-size of f and the BDD-size of (f) also in the case that the corresponding DDs are free or ordered, but not (necessarily) complete. We use this property to derive...

Bernd Becker; Rolf Drechsler; Ralph Werchner

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Relative localization of point particle interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the main concepts of the recently introduced principle of relative locality and investigate some aspects of classical interactions between point particles from this new perspective. We start with a physical motivation and basic mathematical description of relative locality and review the treatment of a system of classical point particles in this framework. We then examine one of the unsolved problems of this picture, the apparent ambiguities in the definition of momentum constraints caused by a non-commutative and/or non-associative momentum addition rule. The gamma ray burst experiment is used as an illustration. Finally, we use the formalism of relative locality to reinterpret the well-known multiple point particle system coupled to 2+1 Einstein gravity, analyzing the geometry of its phase space and once again referring to the gamma ray burst problem as an example.

José Ricardo Oliveira

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

417

NREL: Financing Geothermal Power Projects - Related Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Links Related Links View these websites for more information on geothermal power project financing. NREL Geothermal Policymakers' Guidebooks NREL Geothermal Policymakers' Guidebooks Learn the five key steps for creating effective policy and increasing the deployment of geothermal electricity generation technologies. California Energy Commission's Geothermal Program Here you'll find information on the California Energy Commission's geothermal program, including geothermal energy, funding opportunities, and contacts. Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Energy Efficiency This database of state, local, utility, and federal incentives and policies that promote renewable energy and energy efficiency can help you find financing incentives and opportunities in your state.

418

Related Links on Hawaii | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hawaii Hawaii Related Links on Hawaii Below are related links to resources specifically for implementing energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies in Hawaii. Learn more about deployment efforts in Hawaii. Department of Economic Development, Business, and Tourism The state's Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism works closely with DOE and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to implement deployment efforts from Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative activities. Find resources for economic and statistical data, business development opportunities, energy and conservation information, and foreign trade advantages. Electric Vehicles in Hawaii The state of Hawaii sees the use of electric vehicles (EVs) as one solution to reducing the state's petroleum consumption and provides information on

419

Centrifugal separator devices, systems and related methods  

SciTech Connect

Centrifugal separator devices, systems and related methods are described. More particularly, fluid transfer connections for a centrifugal separator system having support assemblies with a movable member coupled to a connection tube and coupled to a fixed member, such that the movable member is constrained to movement along a fixed path relative to the fixed member are described. Also, centrifugal separator systems including such fluid transfer connections are described. Additionally, methods of installing, removing and/or replacing centrifugal separators from centrifugal separator systems are described.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocatello, ID); Garn, Troy G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Macaluso, Lawrence L. (Carson City, NV)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

420

CONSTRAINING THE BULK LORENTZ FACTOR OF GAMMA-RAY BURST OUTFLOW IN THE MAGNETIC-DOMINATED JET MODEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent observations by the Fermi-LAT showed that there are delayed arrivals of GeV photons relative to the onset of MeV photons in some gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In order to avoid a large optical depth, the minimal value of the Lorentz factor has been estimated to be higher than 1000 in some of the brightest bursts. In this paper, we present a detailed calculation of the time delay between the MeV and GeV photons in the framework of the magnetic-dominated jet model. We find that the time delay strongly depends on the saturated bulk Lorentz factor of the jet. Inspired by this fact, we use this model to calculate the Lorentz factors of the four brightest Fermi bursts. The results indicate that the Lorentz factors are much smaller than those obtained from the 'single-zone' scenario. The short burst GRB 090510 has a minimal Lorentz factor of 385, while the three long bursts, GRB 080916c, GRB 090902b, and GRB 090926, have almost the same Lorentz factors with an average value near 260. Another interesting result is that, for long bursts, GeV photons are emitted after the bulk Lorentz factor saturates. For the short GRB, however, MeV and GeV photons are emitted at the same phase, i.e., either in the expansion phase or in the coasting phase.

Chang Zhe; Lin Hainan; Jiang Yunguo, E-mail: changz@ihep.ac.cn, E-mail: linhn@ihep.ac.cn, E-mail: jiangyg@ihep.ac.cn [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing (China)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Docking automation related technology, Phase 2 report  

SciTech Connect

This report generalizes the progress for Phase II of the Docking Automated Related Technologies task component within the Modular Artillery Ammunition Delivery System (MAADS) technology demonstrator of the Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (FARV) project. This report also covers development activity at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) during the period from January to July 1994.

Jatko, W.B.; Goddard, J.S.; Gleason, S.S.; Ferrell, R.K.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Regularities and their relations to error bounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we mainly study various notions of regularity for a finite collection {C1,?,Cm} of closed convex subsets of a Banach space X and their relations with other fundamental concepts. ... Keywords: error bound, graph, linearly regular, multifunction, normal cone, positive linear functional, property (G), regular, strong CHIP, tangent cone

Kung Fu Ng; Wei Hong Yang

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Buffer management in relational database systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hot-set model, characterizing the buffer requirements of relational queries, is presented. This model allows the system to determine the optimal buffer space to be allocated to a query; it can also be used by the query optimizer to derive efficient ...

Giovanni Maria Sacco; Mario Schkolnick

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Theory of Relational Databases Natasha Alechina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 G53RDB: Theory of Relational Databases Lecture 3 Natasha Alechina School of Computer Science to use them in query rewriting). Lecture 3 4 Some properties of · Commutativity: R S = S R · Associativity: R (P S) = (R P ) S · If R S then R S = S Lecture 3 5 Some properties of · Commutativity: R

Alechina, Natasha

425

Translation invariance and doubly special relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new interpretation of doubly special relativity based on the distinction between the momenta and the translation generators in its phase space realization. We also argue that the implementation of the theory does not necessarily require a deformation of the Lorentz symmetry, but only of the translation invariance.

S. Mignemi

2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

426

Doubly special relativity and translation invariance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new interpretation of doubly special relativity (DSR) based on the distinction between the momentum and the translation generators in its phase space realization. We also argue that the implementation of DSR theories does not necessarily require a deformation of the Lorentz symmetry, but only of the translation invariance.

S. Mignemi

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

427

Mining closed relational graphs with connectivity constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relational graphs are widely used in modeling large scale networks such as biological networks and social networks. In this kind of graph, connectivity becomes critical in identifying highly associated groups and clusters. In this paper, we investigate ... Keywords: closed pattern, connectivity, graph

Xifeng Yan; X. Jasmine Zhou; Jiawei Han

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

The relative power and its invariance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relative power of actions in a Cauchy body suffering mutations due to defect evolution is introduced. It is shown that its invariance under the action of the Euclidean group over the ambient space and the material space allows one to obtain (i) the balance of standard and configurational actions and (ii) the identification of configurational ingredients from a unique source.

Paolo Maria Mariano

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

429

Records retention in relational database systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent introduction of several pieces of legislation mandating minimum and maximum retention periods for corporate records has prompted the Enterprise Content Management (ECM) community to develop various records retention solutions. Records retention ... Keywords: business records, legal compliance, privacy, records retention, relational systems

Ahmed A. Ataullah; Ashraf Aboulnaga; Frank Wm. Tompa

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Energy-related laboratory equipment (ERLE) guidelines  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Used Energy-Related Laboratory Equipment grants, and eligibility and procedures for participation. The document contains tables identifying typical equipment that may be requested, where to review ERLE equipment lists, and where to mail applications, a description of the eligible equipment grants access data system, and a copy of the ERLE grant application and instructions for its completion and submission.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

A phenomenology of human-electricity relations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the philosophical question of how we can experience energy with the aim of informing the design of future ways of experiencing energy by means of technology. Four human-technology relations formulated by philosopher of technology ... Keywords: design theory, energy, phenomenology, sustainability

James Pierce; Eric Paulos

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Continuum Percolation in the Relative Neighborhood Graph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.-M. Billiot, and R. Drouilhet. Existence of Delaunay Pairwise Gibbs Point Processes with Superstable Component. J. of Statist. Physics, 95:719­744, 1999. [8] E. Bertin, J.-M. Billiot, and R. Drouilhet. Existence, and R. Drouilhet. k-Nearest-Neighbour Gibbs Point Pro- cesses. Markov Processes and Related Fields, 5

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

433

A FIRST LOOK AT THE EMPIRICAL RELATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investigations by federal energy regulators of possible manipulation of electricity prices in California by EnronA FIRST LOOK AT THE EMPIRICAL RELATION BETWEEN SPOT AND FUTURES ELECTRICITY PRICES IN THE UNITED the statistical properties of wholesale electric- ity spot and futures prices traded on the New York Mercantile

Marathe, Achla

434

MARVEL: multiple antenna based relative vehicle localizer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Access to relative location of nearby vehicles on the local roads or on the freeways is useful for providing critical alerts to the drivers, thereby enhancing their driving experience as well as reducing the chances of accidents. The problem of determining ... Keywords: location classification, smartphone, wireless ranging

Dong Li; Tarun Bansal; Zhixue Lu; Prasun Sinha

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Glossary of terms related to load management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Part I of the Glossary of Terms related to Load Management has been prepared by the Terminology Task Force of the Load Management Subcommittee. The glossary contains many definitions of terms used by the electric utility industry concerning the subject of Load Management. The terms are listed in alphabetical order and cross-referenced where necessary.

Gellings, C.W.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The Tense Relation between Architect and Manager  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most system architects don't feel at home in management teams or meetings. The other way around managers often see architects as a mixed blessing and don't perceive them as peer manager. The relation of the architect with the manager is full of tension.

Gerrit Muller

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Directory of energy--related educational programs  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an inventory of energy-related training programs being offered within United States Educational Institutions that might meet the training needs of less developed countries. Training programs in the energy area include the areas of energy resources, energy planning and analysis, the development and utilization of different energy technologies including renewable sources, and engineering.

Wake, N S

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Longitudinal light clock vs special relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to respect the Principle of Relativity, the analysis of the behavior of the longitudinal light clock reveals the necessity to extend the Doppler effect also to space and time. As a consequence, the bodies in inertial motion must dilate along the direction of their movement.

Giovanni Zanella

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

439

A logical model for relational abstract domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we introduce the notion of Heyting completion in abstract interpretation. We prove that Heyting completion provides a model for Cousot's reduced cardinal power of abstract domains and that it supplies a logical basis to specify relational ... Keywords: Heyting completion, abstract interpretation, closure operators, condensing analysis, constraint logic programming, directional types, domains, intuitionistic logic, reduced cardinal power, static analysis

Roberto Giacobazzi; Francesca Scozzari

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Disentangling the relations between safety and security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article aims at a finer apprehension of the relations between safety and security, which are intrinsically and increasingly intricate. We introduce a new conceptual framework to better capture their moving perimeters. Then, we present our on-going ... Keywords: SIS, computer security, dependability, industrial control systems, safety, safety systems, security

Ludovic Pietre-Cambacedes; Claude Chaudet

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

On the computation of relational view complements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Views as a means to describe parts of a given data collection play an important role in many database applications. In dynamic environments where data is updated, not only information provided by views, but also information provided by data sources yet ... Keywords: Relational algebra, data warehouses, minimal complements, self-maintainability, view complements, views

Jens Lechtenbörger; Gottfried Vossen

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Solvent Extraction, Electrowinning and Related Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Xstrata Process Support; Gordon Cooper, SNC Lavalin; Nosrat Behnood, PTMC Inc ... Crud and Organic Recovery Economics in Mineral Processing: Derek Ettie1; ... large aqueous-to-oil phase ratio extraction and enrichment of rare-earth ions ... which relates optimal operational condition to enhance anode lifecycles.

443

Multidimensional Index Structures in Relational Databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient query processing is one of the basic needs for data mining algorithms. Clustering algorithms, association rule mining algorithms and OLAP tools all rely on efficient query processors being able to deal with high-dimensional data. Inside such ... Keywords: multidimensional index, range query, relational database, similarity search

Christian Böhm; Stefan Berchtold; Hans-Peter Kriegel; Urs Michel

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

US Relations with Mexico and Central America, 1977-1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

United States Relations. Montpelier, VT: The Academy ofUnited States Relations. Montpelier, VT: The Academy ofUnited States Relations. Montpelier, VT: The Academy of

Rosenblum, Marc

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Understanding the Benefits Obtainable from “Related” United States ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient use of related U.S. patent applications can contribute to maximizing patent protection for an invention or a group of related inventions. Related ...

446

Clark Atlanta Universities (CAU) Energy Related Research Capabilities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clark Atlanta Universities (CAU) Energy Related Research Capabilities Clark Atlanta Universities (CAU) Energy Related Research Capabilities How energy related research has helped...

447

Factors controlling reservoir quality in tertiary sandstones and their significance to geopressured geothermal production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Variable intensity of diagenesis is the factor primarily responsible for contrasting regional reservoir quality of Tertiary sandstones from the upper and lower Texas coast. Detailed comparison of Frio sandstone from the Chocolate Bayou/Danbury Dome area, Brazoria County, and Vicksburg sandstones from the McAllen Ranch Field area, Hidalgo County, reveals that extent of diagenetic modification is most strongly influenced by (1) detrital mineralogy and (2) regional geothermal gradients. The regional reservoir quality of Frio sandstones from Brazoria County is far better than that characterizing Vicksburg sandstones from Hidalgo County, especially at depths suitable for geopressured geothermal energy production. However, in predicting reservoir quality on a site-specific basis, locally variable factors such as relative proportions for porosity types, pore geometry as related to permeability, and local depositional environment must also be considered. Even in an area of regionally favorable reservoir quality, such local factors can significantly affect reservoir quality and, hence, the geothermal production potential of a specific sandstone unit.

Loucks, R.G.; Richmann, D.L.; Milliken, K.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

PUBLIC RELATIONS IN KENYA: AN EXPLORATION OF PUBLIC RELATIONS MODELS AND CULTURAL INFLUENCES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There has not been a single study on the practice of public relations in Kenya despite the country attracting multinational corporations that are increasingly using… (more)

Kiambi, Dane Mwirigi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Dose factor entry and display tool for BNCT radiotherapy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for use in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) radiotherapy planning where a biological distribution is calculated using a combination of conversion factors and a previously calculated physical distribution. Conversion factors are presented in a graphical spreadsheet so that a planner can easily view and modify the conversion factors. For radiotherapy in multi-component modalities, such as Fast-Neutron and BNCT, it is necessary to combine each conversion factor component to form an effective dose which is used in radiotherapy planning and evaluation. The Dose Factor Entry and Display System is designed to facilitate planner entry of appropriate conversion factors in a straightforward manner for each component. The effective isodose is then immediately computed and displayed over the appropriate background (e.g. digitized image).

Wessol, Daniel E. (Bozeman, MT); Wheeler, Floyd J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Cook, Jeremy L. (Greeley, CO)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Semiregular Factorization of Simple Graphs A. J. W. Hilton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

]. A (d, d + 1)-graph is said to be semiregular. An (r, r + 1)-factorization of a graph is a decomposition of the graph into edge-disjoint (r, r + 1)-factors. We discuss here the state of knowledge about (r, r +1)-factorizations of d-regular graphs and of (d, d + 1)-graphs. For r, s 0, let (r, s) be the least integer

Wojciechowski, Jerzy

451

Patterns of Pass-through of Commodity Price Shocks to Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1) Chicken Ln(Flour/PPI) Ln(ChicFeed/PPI) Ln(Wheat/PPI) Ln(Index. Ln(Flour/PPI) Ln(ChicFeed/PPI) Ln(Wheat/PPI) Ln(Corn/feed and flour), and upstream commodities (corn and wheat).

Berck, Peter; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Solis, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

How factoring in humidity adds value  

SciTech Connect

Humidity plays a major role in health, comfort, and production. This article is a brief overview of the technologies available and a detailed explanation of how to calculate humidification loads. The problems caused by dry air vary from one building to another and from one area to another. But basically, there are three major problem types: static electricity, poor moisture stability, health and comfort problems. In today's business offices, static electricity can disrupt operations and increase operating costs. In printing facilities, low humidity causes poor ink registration. Also, sheets of paper stick together and jam machines, wasting time and paper. In computer rooms and data processing areas, dry air leads to static electric discharges that cause circuit board failure, dust buildup on heads, and storage tape breakage. Moisture stability impacts industrial processes and the materials they use. In many cases, product and material deterioration is directly related to moisture fluctuations and lack of humidity control. Books, antiques, paper, wood and wood products, and fruits and vegetables are a few items that can be ruined by low or changing humidity. The health impact of low humidity shows up in dry nasal and thread membranes, dry and itchy skin, and irritated eyes. For employees, this means greater susceptibility to colds and other viral infections. The results is higher absenteeism when humidity is low, which translates into lost productivity and profits.

Berlin, G. (Nortec Industries, Inc., Ogdensburg, NY (United States))

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

GPU-based relative fuzzy connectedness image segmentation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose:Recently, clinical radiological research and practice are becoming increasingly quantitative. Further, images continue to increase in size and volume. For quantitative radiology to become practical, it is crucial that image segmentation algorithms and their implementations are rapid and yield practical run time on very large data sets. The purpose of this paper is to present a parallel version of an algorithm that belongs to the family of fuzzy connectedness (FC) algorithms, to achieve an interactive speed for segmenting large medical image data sets. Methods: The most common FC segmentations, optimizing an Script-Small-L {sub {infinity}}-based energy, are known as relative fuzzy connectedness (RFC) and iterative relative fuzzy connectedness (IRFC). Both RFC and IRFC objects (of which IRFC contains RFC) can be found via linear time algorithms, linear with respect to the image size. The new algorithm, P-ORFC (for parallel optimal RFC), which is implemented by using NVIDIA's Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) platform, considerably improves the computational speed of the above mentioned CPU based IRFC algorithm. Results: Experiments based on four data sets of small, medium, large, and super data size, achieved speedup factors of 32.8 Multiplication-Sign , 22.9 Multiplication-Sign , 20.9 Multiplication-Sign , and 17.5 Multiplication-Sign , correspondingly, on the NVIDIA Tesla C1060 platform. Although the output of P-ORFC need not precisely match that of IRFC output, it is very close to it and, as the authors prove, always lies between the RFC and IRFC objects. Conclusions: A parallel version of a top-of-the-line algorithm in the family of FC has been developed on the NVIDIA GPUs. An interactive speed of segmentation has been achieved, even for the largest medical image data set. Such GPU implementations may play a crucial role in automatic anatomy recognition in clinical radiology.

Zhuge Ying; Ciesielski, Krzysztof C.; Udupa, Jayaram K.; Miller, Robert W. [Radiation Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States); Department of Mathematics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States) and Medical Image Processing Group, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States); Medical Image Processing Group, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States); Radiation Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

Relating hygroscopicity and composition of organic aerosol particulate matter  

SciTech Connect

A hygroscopicity tandem differential mobility analyzer (HTDMA) was used to measure the water uptake (hygroscopicity) of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed during the chemical and photochemical oxidation of several organic precursors in a smog chamber. Electron ionization mass spectra of the non-refractory submicron aerosol were simultaneously determined with an aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS), and correlations between the two different signals were investigated. SOA hygroscopicity was found to strongly correlate with the relative abundance of the ion signal m/z 44 expressed as a fraction of total organic signal (f44). m/z 44 is due mostly to the ion fragment CO+2 for all types of SOA systems studied, and has been previously shown to strongly correlate with organic O/C for ambient and chamber OA. The analysis was also performed on ambient OA from two field experiments at the remote site Jungfraujoch, and the megacity Mexico City, where similar results were found. A simple empirical linear relation between the hygroscopicity of OA at subsaturated RH, as given by the hygroscopic growth factor (GF) or “*org” parameter, and f44 was determined and is given by *org=2.2×f44?0.13. This approximation can be further verified and refined as the database for AMS and HTDMA measurements is constantly being expanded around the world. The use of this approximation could introduce an important simplification in the parameterization of hygroscopicity of OA in atmospheric models, since 20 f44 is correlated with the photochemical age of an air mass.

Duplissy, J.; DeCarlo, Peter F.; Dommen, J.; Alfarra, M. R.; Metzger, A.; Barmpadimos, I.; Prevot, A. S. H.; Weingartner, E.; Tritscher, Torsten; Gysel, Martin; Aiken, Allison; Jimenez, J. L.; Canagaratna, M. R.; Worsnop, Douglas R.; Collins, Donald R.; Tomlinson, Jason M.; Baltensperger, Urs

2011-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

455

Effects of phase transformation of steam-water relative permeabilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A combined theoretical and experimental study of steam-water relative permeabilities (RPs) was carried out. First, an experimental study of two-phase concurrent flow of steam and water was conducted and a set of RP curves was obtained. These curves were compared with semi-empirical and experimental results obtained by other investigators for two-phase, two-component flow (oil/gas; gas/water; gas/oil). It was found that while the wetting phase RPs were in good agreement, RPs for the steam phase were considerably higher than the non-wetting phase RPs in two-component systems. This enhancement of steam RP is attributed to phase transformation effects at the pore level in flow channels. The effects of phase transformation were studied theoretically. This study indicates that there are two separate mechanisms by which phase transformation affects RP curves: (1) Phase transformation is converging-diverging flow channels can cause an enhancement of steam phase RP. In a channel dominated by steam a fraction of the flowing steam condenses upstream from the constriction, depositing its latent heat of condensation. This heat is conducted through the solid grains around the pore throat, and evaporation takes place downstream from it. Therefore, for a given bulk flow quality; a smaller fraction of steam actually flows through the throat segments. This pore-level effect manifests itself as relative permeability enhancement on a macroscopic level; and (2) phase transformation along the interface of a stagnant phase and the phase flowing around it controls the irreducible phase saturation. Therefore, the irreducible phase saturation in steam-water flow will depend, among other factors, on the boundary conditions of the flow.

Verma, A.K.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Fundamental Physics with the Laser Astrometric Test Of Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Laser Astrometric Test Of Relativity (LATOR) is a joint European-U.S. Michelson-Morley-type experiment designed to test the pure tensor metric nature of gravitation - a fundamental postulate of Einstein's theory of general relativity. By using a combination of independent time-series of highly accurate gravitational deflection of light in the immediate proximity to the Sun, along with measurements of the Shapiro time delay on interplanetary scales (to a precision respectively better than 0.1 picoradians and 1 cm), LATOR will significantly improve our knowledge of relativistic gravity. The primary mission objective is to i) measure the key post-Newtonian Eddington parameter \\gamma with accuracy of a part in 10^9. (1-\\gamma) is a direct measure for presence of a new interaction in gravitational theory, and, in its search, LATOR goes a factor 30,000 beyond the present best result, Cassini's 2003 test. The mission will also provide: ii) first measurement of gravity's non-linear effects on light to ~0.01% accuracy; including both the Eddington \\beta parameter and also the spatial metric's 2nd order potential contribution (never measured before); iii) direct measurement of the solar quadrupole moment J2 (currently unavailable) to accuracy of a part in 200 of its expected size; iv) direct measurement of the "frame-dragging" effect on light by the Sun's gravitomagnetic field, to 1% accuracy. LATOR's primary measurement pushes to unprecedented accuracy the search for cosmologically relevant scalar-tensor theories of gravity by looking for a remnant scalar field in today's solar system. We discuss the mission design of this proposed experiment.

LATOR Collaboration; S. G. Turyshev; H. Dittus; M. Shao; K. L. Nordtvedt, Jr.; C. Laemmerzahl; S. Theil; W. Ertmer; E. Rasel; R. Foerstner; U. Johann; S. Klioner; M. Soffel; B. Dachwald; W. Seboldt; V. Perlick; M. C. W. Sandford; R. Bingham; B. Kent; T. J. Sumner; O. Bertolami; J. Paramos; B. Christophe; B. Foulon; P. Touboul; P. Bouyer; T. Damour; S. Reynaud; C. Salomon; A. Brillet; F. Bondu; J. -F. Mangin; E. Samain; C. Erd; J. C. Grenouilleau; D. Izzo; A. Rathke; S. W. Asmar; M. Colavita; Y. Gursel

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

457

Related Links | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Links Related Links Regional Energy Efficiency Organizations MEEA NEEP NEEA SEEA SWEEP SPEER Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (MEEA) IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, ND, NE, MI, MN, MO, OH, SD, WI The Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (MEEA) is a collaborative network advancing energy efficiency in the Midwest to support sustainable economic development and environmental preservation. MEEA raises awareness, facilitates energy efficiency programs and strengthens policy across the nine-state region. MEEA brings together a respected network of members, partners, board and staff, and inspires others to create new technologies, new products and new ways of thinking when it comes to energy efficiency. Codes Contact Isaac Elnecave Senior Policy Manager ielnecave@mwalliance.org phone: (312)784-7253

458

NREL: State and Local Activities - Related Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Links Related Links Find information about U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and other state and local clean energy technical assistance and deployment programs and activities. State and Local Technical Assistance Programs NREL provides technical assistance to state and local energy projects through the following initiatives and programs. DOE Green Power Network DOE Weatherization & Intergovernmental Program U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Energy for America Program For more information about NREL's role, contact Dave Peterson. State and Local Deployment Programs NREL strives to increase the scale of clean energy technology deployment in U.S. states and localities by supporting these technology deployment projects and initiatives. DOE Biomass Program DOE Builders Challenge

459

Risk-Related research at LBNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Risk-Related Research at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Risk-Related Research at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Table of Contents Human Exposure Assessment Cancer Risk Assessment Extrapolation of Cancer Risks from Animals to Humans Biodosimetry to Assess Human Genotoxicity from Mutagenic or Clastogenic Agents Transgenic Mouse Models Biological Effects of Complex Chemical Mixtures Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic (PBPK) and Cancer Models Electromagnetic Fields Risks of Ionizing Radiation in Space Risk-Based Remediation Strategy for Kesterson Reservoir Wetland Restoration and Sediment Quality Integrated, Risk-Based Environmental Clean-up SELECT: Environmental Decision-Making Software Introduction The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) conducts research to improve the scientific basis of risk assessment.

460

Recent Events Related to Ecotality, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report Report Recent Events Related to Ecotality, Inc. OAS-RA-14-01 October 2013 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 October 31, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Special Report on "Recent Events Related to Ecotality, Inc." BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program awarded three financial assistance awards to subsidiary companies of Ecotality, Inc. over a 6-year period. This included two multi- year projects awarded in 2005 and 2011, valued at about $35 million to evaluate and test specific vehicles. Ecotality also received an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) grant for about $100 million to deploy an electric vehicle (EV) charging

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Does General Relativity Require a Metric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nexus between the gravitational field and the space-time metric was an essential element in Einstein's development of General Relativity and led him to his discovery of the field equations for the gravitational field/metric. I will argue here that the metric is in fact an inessential element of this theory and can be dispensed with entirely. Its sole function in the theory was to describe the space-time measurements made by ideal clocks and rods. However, the behavior of model clocks and measuring rods can be derived directly from the field equations of General Relativity using the Einstein-Infeld-Hoffmann (EIH) approiximation procedure. Therefore one does not need to introduce these ideal clocks and rods and hence has no need of a metric.

James L. Anderson

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

462

Downstream hydraulic geometry relations: 1. Theoretical development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, it is hypothesized that (1) the spatial variation of the stream power of a channel for a given discharge is accomplished by the spatial variation in channel form (flow depth and channel width) and hydraulic variables, including energy slope, flow velocity, and friction, and (2) that the change in stream power is distributed among the changes in flow depth, channel width, flow velocity, slope, and friction, depending on the constraints (boundary conditions) the channel has to satisfy. The second hypothesis is a result of the principles of maximum entropy and minimum energy dissipation or its simplified minimum stream power. These two hypotheses lead to four families of downstream hydraulic geometry relations. The conditions under which these families of relations can occur in field are discussed.

Singh, Vijay P.; Yang, Chih Ted; Deng, Z. Q.

2003-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

463

Earl Salazar named LANL tribal relations liaison  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August » August » Earl Salazar LANL's new tribal relations liaison Earl Salazar named LANL tribal relations liaison Previously a budget analyst for LANL's Chief Financial Officer Division, Salazar began working in his new capacity on August 22. August 25, 2011 Earl Salazar Earl Salazar Contact Communicatons Office Email Longtime employee is former tribal pueblo governor LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, August 25, 2011-Earl Salazar is Los Alamos National Laboratory's new tribal liaison in the Government Affairs Office. Previously a budget analyst for LANL's Chief Financial Officer Division, Salazar began working in his new capacity on August 22. Salazar succeeds Elmer Torres, who retired after 41 years of service, the last decade of which he was involved with LANL's tribal affairs efforts.

464

Environmental concerns related to natural gas vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vehicles powered by natural gas are currently used in the United States and other parts of the world. While the number of such vehicles in the US is small, the potential exists for substantial growth. For that reason and because natural gas-fueled vehicles have different performance, emission, and safety characteristics than do gasoline- or diesel-fueled vehicles, a study was conducted to document the environmental concerns related to natural gas vhicles. These concerns include those related to vehicle emissions and air quality regulations, safety hazards and regulations, natural gas supply, regulation of natural gas sales, and institutional impacts. This paper reports the results of that study, updated to include the results of several more recent analyses. The paper concludes in particular that while both the safety and emissions records of these vehicles appear satisfactory to date, a comprehensive data base exists in neither area.

Singh, M.K.; Moses, D.O.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Factors Associated with Increasing Teacher Retention in Rural Schools.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper seeks to identify school-based factors associated with increasing teacher retention in rural public schools. Though there is a large body of research that… (more)

Rutenberg, David

466

Black Carbon Concentrations and Diesel Vehicle Emission Factors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Carbon Concentrations and Diesel Vehicle Emission Factors Derived from Coefficient of Haze Measurements in California: 1967-2003 Title Black Carbon Concentrations and Diesel...

467

EIA highlights key factors in new energy and financial markets ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Yesterday, EIA launched a new web-based assessment highlighting key factors that can affect crude oil prices called "Energy and Financial Markets: What Drives Crude ...

468

Heavy-to-light form factors on the light cone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The light cone method provides a convenient non-perturbative tool to study the heavy-to-light form factors. We construct a light cone quark model utilizing the soft collinear effective theory. In the leading order of effective theory, the ten $B$ to light physical form factors are reduced to three universal form factors which can be calculated as overlaps of hadron light front wave functions in the light cone quark model. The numerical results show that the leading contribution is close to the results from other approaches. The $q^2$ dependence of the heavy-to-light form factors are also presented.

Cai-Dian Lu; Wei Wang; Zheng-Tao Wei

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

Indoor Residential Chemical Emissions as Risk Factors for Children...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The identified risk factors include specific organic compounds such as formaldehyde, benzene, and phthalates, as well as indoor materials or finishes such as vinyl flooring,...

470

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Field Derived Emission Factors For Formaldehyde and other ... ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PHENOL; PLASTICIZERS; ... of TMPB-DIB (a plasticizer found in vinyl . ...

471

DVD Production Process & Key Factors for Quality Discs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... wide market share for DVD +/- RW; #2 World-wide market share for CD ... Key factor - deep knowledge of forming thin metal film - optimization of ...

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

472

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s Largest Purchase of Wind Power,” September 17, 2001.FACTORS DRIVING WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATESthe United States third in wind power capacity globally,

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

What are the major factors affecting natural gas prices? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What are the major factors affecting natural gas prices? Natural gas prices are mainly a function of market supply and demand. Because there are ...

474

Factors affecting adoption of renewable and other electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov Factors affecting adoption of renewable and other electricity generation technologies

475

Cocoa Butter and Related CompoundsChapter 17 Methods and Technologies Related to Shea Butter Chemophysical Properties and to the Delivery of Bioactives in Chocolate and Related Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cocoa Butter and Related Compounds Chapter 17 Methods and Technologies Related to Shea Butter Chemophysical Properties and to the Delivery of Bioactives in Chocolate and Related Products Food Science Health Nutrition eChapters Food Science

476

Information-Disturbance theorem and Uncertainty Relation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been shown that Information-Disturbance theorem can play an important role in security proof of quantum cryptography. The theorem is by itself interesting since it can be regarded as an information theoretic version of uncertainty principle. It, however, has been able to treat restricted situations. In this paper, the restriction on the source is abandoned, and a general information-disturbance theorem is obtained. The theorem relates information gain by Eve with information gain by Bob.

Takayuki Miyadera; Hideki Imai

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

477

The Relative Ages of Galactic Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a review of the present state of knowledge regarding the relative ages of Galactic globular clusters. First, we discuss the relevant galaxy formation models and describe the detailed predictions they make with respect to the formation timescale and chemical evolution of the globular clusters. Next, the techniques used to estimate globular cluster ages are described and evaluated with particular emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages of each method. With these techniques as a foundation, we present arguments in favor of the following assertions: 1) The age of a globular cluster is the likeliest candidate to be the global second parameter, which along with metal abundance, controls the morphology of the horizonal branch. 2) A total age range of as much as $\\sim$5 Gyr exists among the bulk of the Galactic globulars. 3) There is a significant relation between age and metallicity among the Galactic globular clusters if the slope of the \\mvrr-\\feh relation is less than $\\sim$0.23. These conclusions along with other supporting evidence favor a formation scenario in which the inner regions of the Galactic halo collapsed in a monotonic fashion over a short time period much less than 1 Gyr. In contrast, the outer regions of the halo fragmented and collapsed in a chaotic manner over several Gyrs.

Ata Sarajedini; Brian Chaboyer; Pierre Demarque

1997-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

478

Direct neutron capture and related mechanisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the evidence for the role of direct and related mechanisms in neutron capture at low and medium energies. Firstly, we compare the experimental data on the thermal neutron cross sections for El transitions in light nuclei with careful estimates of direct capture. Over the full range of light nuclei with small cross sections direct capture is found to be the predominant mechanism, in some cases being remarkable accurate, but in a few showing evidence for collective effects. When resonance effects become substantial there is evidence for an important contribution from the closely related valence mechanism, but full agreement with the data in such cases appears to require the introduction of a more generalised valence model. The possibility of direct and valence mechanisms playing a role in M1 capture is studied, and it is concluded that in light nuclei at relatively low gamma ray energies, it does indeed play some role. In heavier nuclei it appears that the evidence, especially from the correlations between E1 and M1 transitions to the same final states, favours the hypothesis that the main transition strength is governed by the M1 giant resonance. 31 refs., 2 tabs.

Lynn, J.E. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Raman, S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Representability of Pairing Relation Algebras Representability of Pairing Relation Algebras Depends on our Ontology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider classes of relation algebras expanded with new operations based on the formation of ordered pairs. Examples for such algebras are pairing (or projection) algebras of algebraic logic and fork algebras of computer science. It is proved by Sain ... Keywords: non-well-founded set theories, projection elements, relation algebra

Agnes Kurucz; István Németi

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The Effects of Economic and Environmental Factors on Investment Decisions in the Texas Grapefruit Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic and environmental factors were examined to determine their influences on grapefruit investment in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Price instability explained 17 percent of the variation in investment decision making, while 83 percent was explained by uncertainty related to severe freezes impacting the Texas grapefruit industry. Trade and environmental factors were not identified as a significant source of uncertainty affecting investment decisions. Increased investment in freeze protection technologies and improved price risk management are the most effective ways to reduce the uncertainty associated with grapefruit production and marketing. Micro-sprinkler systems could eliminate the risk of future freeze damage, conserve valuable water resources, and reduce the variable costs of production, resulting in an estimated savings of $6,250 per acre. Price risk could be reduced by producing and marketing more fancy-grade fruit and reducing the proportion of choice fruit in the marketing mix. Key words:

Edited Flynn; J. Adcock; Nicole Elmer; Amy Thurow; Jason Johnson; Parr Rosson

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "factor relating ppi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Nucleon form factors, B-meson factories and the radiative return  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The feasibility of a measurement of the electric and magnetic nucleon form factors at $B$-meson factories through the radiative return is studied. Angular distributions allow a separation of the contributions from the two form factors. The distributions are presented for the laboratory and the hadronic rest frame, and the advantages of different coordinate systems are investigated. It is demonstrated that $Q^2$ values up to 8 or even 9 GeV$^2$ are within reach. The Monte Carlo event generator PHOKHARA is extended to nucleon final states, and results are presented which include Next-to-Leading Order radiative corrections from initial-state radiation. The impact of angular cuts on rates and distributions is investigated and the relative importance of radiative corrections is analysed.

Henryk Czyz; Johann H. Kuhn; Elzbieta Nowak; German Rodrigo

2004-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

482

Formation of algae growth constitutive relations for improved algae modeling.  

SciTech Connect

This SAND report summarizes research conducted as a part of a two year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project to improve our abilities to model algal cultivation. Algae-based biofuels have generated much excitement due to their potentially large oil yield from relatively small land use and without interfering with the food or water supply. Algae mitigate atmospheric CO2 through metabolism. Efficient production of algal biofuels could reduce dependence on foreign oil by providing a domestic renewable energy source. Important factors controlling algal productivity include temperature, nutrient concentrations, salinity, pH, and the light-to-biomass conversion rate. Computational models allow for inexpensive predictions of algae growth kinetics in these non-ideal conditions for various bioreactor sizes and geometries without the need for multiple expensive measurement setups. However, these models need to be calibrated for each algal strain. In this work, we conduct a parametric study of key marine algae strains and apply the findings to a computational model.

Gharagozloo, Patricia E.; Drewry, Jessica L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Impact of relative permeability models on fluid flow behavior for gas condensate reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate assessments of reserves and evaluation of productivity trends for gas condensate systems depend on a basic understanding of phase and fluid flow behavior. In gas condensate reservoirs, the gas flow depends on liquid drop out at pressures below the dewpoint pressure. The liquid initially accumulates as a continuous film along the porous media because of the low interfacial tension. Then, as the volume of condensate increases, the interfacial tension increases and capillary forces become more important. Modeling fluid flow in these systems must consider the dependence of relative permeability on both viscous and capillary forces. This research focuses on the evaluation of several recently proposed relative permeability models and on the quantification of their impact on reservoir fluid flow and well performance. We selected three relative permeability models to compare the results obtained in the modeling of relative permeabilities for a published North Sea gas condensate reservoir. The models employ weighting factors to account for the interpolation between miscible and immiscible flow behavior. The Pusch model evaluated using Fevang's weighting factor gave the best estimation of relative permeability when compared to the published data. Using a sector model, we evaluated the effects at the field scale of the selected gas condensate relative permeability models on well performance under different geological heterogeneity and permeability anisotropy scenarios. The Bette and Pusch models as well as the Danesh model, as implemented in a commercial reservoir simulator, were used to quantify the impact of the relative permeability models on fluid-flow and well performance. The results showed that, if the transition between miscible and immiscible behavior is not considered, the condensate saturation could be overestimated and the condensate production could be underestimated. After twenty years of production, the heterogeneous model using the selected relative permeability models predicted between 7.5 - 13% more condensate recovery than was estimated using an immiscible relative permeability model. Using the same relative permeability models, the anisotropic model forecast between 3 - 10% more condensate recovery than predicted using an immiscible relative permeability model. Results using the anisotropic model showed that vertical communication could affect the liquid distribution in the reservoir.

Zapata Arango, Jose? Francisco

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Damping of the baryon acoustic oscillations in the matter power spectrum as a probe of the growth factor  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the damping of the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) signature in the matter power spectrum due to the quasi-non-linear clustering of density perturbations. On the basis of the third-order perturbation theory, we construct a fitting formula for the damping in an analytic way. This demonstrates that the damping is closely related to the growth factor and the amplitude of the matter power spectrum. Then, we investigate the feasibility of constraining the growth factor through a measurement of the damping of the BAO signature. An extension of our formula including higher order corrections of density perturbations is also discussed.

Nomura, Hidenori; Yamamoto, Kazuhiro [Graduate School of Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 735-8526 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 735-8526 (Japan); Nishimichi, Takahiro, E-mail: hide@theo.phys.sci.hiroshima-u.ac.jp, E-mail: kazuhiro@hiroshima-u.ac.jp, E-mail: nishimichi@utap.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Physics, School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)] [Department of Physics, School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Factors Associated with Photovoltaic System Costs (Topical Issues Brief)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variety of factors can affect the cost of photovoltaic systems. This report analyses the relationship among such factors by using information entered into a voluntary registry of PV systems and performing regression analyses. The results showed statistically significant relationships between photovoltaic system cost and (a) grid connection, (b) installation year, (c) areas where the utility had entered into volume purchasing agreements.

Mortensen, J.

2001-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

486

The critical success factors of business process management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although business process management ('BPM') is a popular concept, it has not yet been properly theoretically grounded. This leads to problems in identifying both generic and case-specific critical success factors of BPM programs. The paper proposes ... Keywords: Business process management, Contingency theory, Critical success factors, Dynamic capabilities, Task-technology fit

Peter Trkman

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Optimal filling factor of nanorod lenses for subwavelength imaging  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the effect of the filling factor on the imaging performance of metallic nanorod lenses. We observe that thicker nanorods allow lower reflection in the canalization regime and we find optimal values of the filling factor to achieve a transfer function with the characteristics of a perfect lens in a wide range of spatial frequencies.

Kosulnikov, Sergey Yu.; Yankovskaya, Elizaveta A. [Department of Photonics and Optoinformatics, St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, Kronverkskiy pr., 49, 197101 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Maslovski, Stanislav I. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Instituto de Telecomunicacoes, Universidade de Coimbra, Polo II, 3030-290 Coimbra (Portugal); Belov, Pavel A. [Department of Photonics and Optoinformatics, St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, Kronverkskiy pr., 49, 197101 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Queen Mary College, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Kivshar, Yuri S. [Department of Photonics and Optoinformatics, St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, Kronverkskiy pr., 49, 197101 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Nonlinear Physics Centre, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Identifying transcription factor targets using enhanced Bayesian classifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding transcription factors (TFs) to their target genes (TGs) is the first step to understand the transcriptional regulatory networks. Here we present a method which uses an enhanced Bayesian classifier to predict the TF-TG pairs in time-course expression ... Keywords: Bayesian classifier, Time-course expression data, Transcription factor targets

Dong He; Dao Zhou; Yanhong Zhou

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Agronomic and environmental factors influence weed composition and canola competitiveness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agronomic and environmental factors influence weed composition and canola competitiveness. C. 2006. Agronomic and environmental factors influence weed composition and canola competitiveness in southern Manitoba. Can. J. Plant Sci. 86: 591­599. Canola yield in Manitoba has reached a plateau in recent

Kenkel, Norm

490

The Determination of View-Factors in Urban Canyons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important aspect of longwave radiation exchange within urban canopies is the degree to which the sky is obscured by surrounding buildings, a concept which may be described by the sky view-factor (?s). Hitherto, expressions for sky view-factors ...

Glenn T. Johnson; Ian D. Watson

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Artificial neural networks for electricity consumption forecasting considering climatic factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work develops Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) models applied to predict the consumption forecasting considering climatic factors. It is intended to verify the influence of climatic factors on the electricity consumption forecasting through the ... Keywords: artificial neural networks, electricity consumption forecasting

Francisco David Moya Chaves

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Predicting Missing Ratings in Recommender Systems: Adapted Factorization Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a factorization-based approach to make predictions in recommender systems. These systems are widely used in electronic commerce to help customers find products according to their preferences. Taking into account the customer's ratings ... Keywords: Factorization Technique, Recommender Systems, Singular Value Decomposition

Carme Julià; Angel Sappa; Felipe Lumbreras; Joan Serrat; Antonio López

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Using hardware vulnerability factors to enhance AVF analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fault tolerance is now a primary design constraint for all major microprocessors. One step in determining a processor's compliance to its failure rate target is measuring the Architectural Vulnerability Factor (AVF) of each on-chip structure. The AVF ... Keywords: architectural vulnerability factor, fault tolerance, reliability

Vilas Sridharan; David R. Kaeli

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Neutron Form Factor from Neutrino-Nucleus Coherent Elastic Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the prospect of measuring the neutron form factor of a nucleus through the detection of neutrino-nucleus coherent elastic scattering. We predict numbers of events in a liquid noble nuclear recoil detector at a stopped pion neutrino source. We discuss the precision required to distinguish between different theoretical models for the form factor.

Philip S. Amanik; Gail C. McLaughlin

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

495

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock Joshua Apte and Dariush Arasteh, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LBNL-60146 Abstract We present a simple spreadsheet-based tool for estimating window-related energy consumption in the United States. Using available data on the properties of the installed US window stock, we estimate that windows are responsible for 2.15 quadrillion Btu (Quads) of heating energy consumption and 1.48 Quads of cooling energy consumption annually. We develop estimates of average U-factor and SHGC for current window sales. We estimate that a complete replacement of the installed window stock with these products would result in energy savings of approximately 1.2 quads. We demonstrate

496

Industrial Relations : BioEnergy Science Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Overview The effective translation of BESC research results into applications testing and potential deployment is an implicit part of reaching DOE's bioenergy goals. The BESC member institutions recognize that a common strategy is important to the success of BESC. To promote the commercialization of new technologies, our plan is to: Maintain a single portal for information about available technologies. This web site will feature inventions and commercial opportunities in additoin to the information content related to the research program Provide a single point of contact for the licensing of new BESC inventions on behalf of our team (contact: Renae Speck) Provide opportunity for research institutions and private companies to become "BESC Affiliates"

497

Relativity and quantum mechanics: Jorgensen revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We first define the functions which ensure the transformation of momentum and energy of a tardyon, the transformation of the wave vector and the frequency of the associated wave. Having done this, we show that they ensure the relativistic invariance of the quotient between momentum and wave vector and between energy and frequency if the product between particle velocity u and phase velocity w is a relativistic invariant (uw=c^2), a condition which is a natural combination of special relativity theory and quantum mechanics.

Bernhard Rothenstein

2007-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

498

Centrifugal separators and related devices and methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Centrifugal separators and related methods and devices are described. More particularly, centrifugal separators comprising a first fluid supply fitting configured to deliver fluid into a longitudinal fluid passage of a rotor shaft and a second fluid supply fitting sized and configured to sealingly couple with the first fluid supply fitting are described. Also, centrifugal separator systems comprising a manifold having a drain fitting and a cleaning fluid supply fitting are described, wherein the manifold is coupled to a movable member of a support assembly. Additionally, methods of cleaning centrifugal separators are described.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocatello, ID); Garn, Troy G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Macaluso, Lawrence L. (Carson City, NV); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID)

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

499

Ootw Tool Requirements in Relation to JWARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document reports the results of the CMke of the Secretary of Defense/Program Analysis & Evaluation (OSD/PA&E) sponsored project to identify how Operations Other Than War (OOTW) tool requirements relate to the Joint Warfare Simulation (JWARS) and, more generally, to joint analytical modeling and simulation (M&S) requirements. It includes recommendations about which OOTW tools (and functionality within tools) should be included in JWARS, which should be managed as joint analytical modeling and simulation (M&S) tools, and which should be left for independent development.

Hartley III, D.S.; Packard, S.L.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Space nuclear power, propulsion, and related technologies.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) is one of the nation's largest research and development (R&D) facilities, with headquarters at Albuquerque, New Mexico; a laboratory at Livermore, California; and a test range near Tonopah, Nevada. Smaller testing facilities are also operated at other locations. Established in 1945, Sandia was operated by the University of California until 1949, when, at the request of President Truman, Sandia Corporation was formed as a subsidiary of Bell Lab's Western Electric Company to operate Sandia as a service to the U.S. Government without profit or fee. Sandia is currently operated for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) by AT&T Technologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of AT&T. Sandia's responsibility is national security programs in defense and energy with primary emphasis on nuclear weapon research and development (R&D). However, Sandia also supports a wide variety of projects ranging from basic materials research to the design of specialized parachutes. Assets, owned by DOE and valued at more than $1.2 billion, include about 600 major buildings containing about 372,000 square meters (m2) (4 million square feet [ft2]) of floor space, located on land totalling approximately 1460 square kilometers (km2) (562 square miles [mi]). Sandia employs about 8500 people, the majority in Albuquerque, with about 1000 in Livermore. Approximately 60% of Sandia's employees are in technical and scientific positions, and the remainder are in crafts, skilled labor, and administrative positions. As a multiprogram national laboratory, Sandia has much to offer both industrial and government customers in pursuing space nuclear technologies. The purpose of this brochure is to provide the reader with a brief summary of Sandia's technical capabilities, test facilities, and example programs that relate to military and civilian objectives in space. Sandia is interested in forming partnerships with industry and government organizations, and has already formed several cooperative alliances and agreements. Because of the synergism of multiple governmental and industrial sponsors of many programs, Sandia is frequently able to provide complex technical solutions in a relatively short time, and often at lower cost to a particular customer. They have listed a few ongoing programs at Sandia related to space nuclear technology as examples of the possible synergisms that could result from forming teams and partnerships with related technologies and objectives.

Berman, Marshall

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z