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1

Nonlinear dynamic modeling of an electro-pneumatic pressure converter for VGT pneumatic actuator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a detailed physical model of an electro-pneumatic system, used to control Variable Geometry Turbochargers (VGT). The VGT actuator system consists of two parts, a diaphragm based pneumatic actuator

A. Mehmood; S. Laghrouche; M. El Bagdouri

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Dynamic analysis and application of fuel elements pneumatic transportation in a pebble bed reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Almost 10,000 spherical fuel elements are transported pneumatically one by one in the pipeline outside the core of a pebble bed reactor every day. Any failure in the transportation will lead to the shutdown of the reactor, even safety accidents. In order to ensure a stable and reliable transportation, it's of great importance to analyze the motion and force condition of the fuel element. In this paper, we focus on the dynamic analysis of the pneumatic transportation of the fuel element and derive kinetic equations. Then we introduce the design of the transportation pipeline. On this basis we calculate some important data such as the velocity of the fuel element, the force between the fuel element and the pipeline and the efficiency of the pneumatic transportation. Then we analyze these results and provide some suggestions for the design of the pipeline. The experiment was carried out on an experimental platform. The velocities of the fuel elements were measured. The experimental results were consistent with and validated the theoretical analysis. The research may offer the basis for the design of the transportation pipeline and the optimization of the fuel elements transportation in a pebble bed reactor.

Hongbing Liu; Dong Du; Zandong Han; Yirong Zou; Jiluan Pan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Model-based Trajectory Control of Robots with Pneumatic Actuator Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on underactuated robots. We present two case studies: an underactuated cart-pole system with the cart driven and applications; for example, hydraulic actuators are used in the rough-terrain quadruped robot[1] and force]. Pneumatic actuators have some advantages over hydraulic actuators, such as clean operation, easy handling

Tedrake, Russ

4

Pneumatic soil removal tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A soil removal tool is provided for removing radioactive soil, rock and other debris from the bottom of an excavation, while permitting the operator to be located outside of a containment for that excavation. The tool includes a fixed jaw, secured to one end of an elongate pipe, which cooperates with a movable jaw pivotably mounted on the pipe. Movement of the movable jaw is controlled by a pneumatic cylinder mounted on the pipe. The actuator rod of the pneumatic cylinder is connected to a collar which is slidably mounted on the pipe and forms part of the pivotable mounting assembly for the movable jaw. Air is supplied to the pneumatic cylinder through a handle connected to the pipe, under the control of an actuator valve mounted on the handle, to provide movement of the movable jaw. 3 figs.

Neuhaus, J.E.

1992-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

5

Comparison between steady-state and dynamic I-V measurements from a single-cell thermionic fuel element  

SciTech Connect

A comparison between steady-state and dynamic I-V measurements from a single-cell thermionic fuel element (TFE) is made. The single-cell TFE used in this study is the prototype for the 40 kW{sub e} space nuclear power system that is similar to the 6 kW{sub e} TOPAZ-II. The steady-state I-V measurements influence the emitter temperature due to electron cooling. Therefore, to eliminate the steady-state I-V measurement influence on the TFE and provide a better understanding of the behavior of the thermionic energy converter and TFE characteristics, dynamic I-V measurements are made. The dynamic I-V measurements are made at various input power levels, cesium pressures, collector temperatures, and steady-state current levels. From these measurements, it is shown that the dynamic I-V's do not change the TFE characteristics at a given operating point. Also, the evaluation of the collector work function from the dynamic I-V measurements shows that the collector optimization is not due to a minimum in the collector work function but due to an emission optimization. Since the dynamic I-V measurements do not influence the TFE characteristics, it is believed that these measurements can be done at a system level to understand the influence of TFE placement in the reactor as a function of the core thermal distribution.

Wernsman, Bernard [New Mexico Engineering Research Institute Thermionics Evaluation Facility 901 University SE Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States)

1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

6

Comparison between steady-state and dynamic I-V measurements from a single-cell thermionic fuel element  

SciTech Connect

A comparison between steady-state and dynamic I-V measurements from a single-cell thermionic fuel element (TFE) is made. The single-cell TFE used in this study is the prototype for the 40kW{sub e} space nuclear power system that is similar to the 6kW{sub e} TOPAZ-II. The steady-state I-V measurements influence the emitter temperature due to electron cooling. Therefore, to eliminate the steady-state I-V measurement influence on the TFE and provide a better understanding of the behavior of the thermionic energy converter and TFE characteristics, dynamic I-V measurements are made. The dynamic I-V measurements are made at various input power levels, cesium pressures, collector temperatures, and steady-state current levels. From these measurements, it is shown that the dynamic I-V{close_quote}s do not change the TFE characteristics at a given operating point. Also, the evaluation of the collector work function from the dynamic I-V measurements shows that the collector optimization is not due to a minimum in the collector work function but due to an emission optimization. Since the dynamic I-V measurements do not influence the TFE characteristics, it is believed that these measurements can be done at a system level to understand the influence of TFE placement in the reactor as a function of the core thermal distribution. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Wernsman, B. [New Mexico Engineering Research Institute Thermionics Evaluation Facility 901 University SE Albuquerque, New Mexico87106 (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Pneumatic gap sensor and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for monitoring and maintaining a predetermined width in the gap between a casting nozzle and a casting wheel, wherein the gap is monitored by means of at least one pneumatic gap sensor. The pneumatic gap sensor is mounted on the casting nozzle in proximity to the casting surface and is connected by means of a tube to a regulator and a transducer. The regulator provides a flow of gas through a restictor to the pneumatic gap sensor, and the transducer translates the changes in the gas pressure caused by the proximity of the casting wheel to the pneumatic gap sensor outlet into a signal intelligible to a control device. The relative positions of the casting nozzle and casting wheel can thereby be selectively adjusted to continually maintain a predetermined distance between their adjacent surfaces. The apparatus and method enables accurate monitoring of the actual casting gap in a simple and reliable manner resistant to the extreme temperatures and otherwise hostile casting environment.

Bagdal, Karl T. (Middletown, OH); King, Edward L. (Trenton, OH); Follstaedt, Donald W. (Middletown, OH)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Modeling identification and simulation of pneumatic actuator for VGT system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article is aimed at the physical modeling of a pneumatic actuator for the control of Variable Geometry Turbocharger (VGT) system. These actuators possess a characteristic hysteresis, which increases with the increment in the aerodynamic force acting on the vanes of the VGT. Modeling the aerodynamic force, through cartography between turbine pressure and vanes opening angle is presented. Hysteresis phenomenon has been elaborated using dynamic friction models. Different system parameters, such as spring constant, damping coefficient and friction parameters, have been identified through experiments. The coherence between experimental results and simulations has demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

A. Mehmood; S. Laghrouche; M. El Bagdouri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Study of the nonlinear control techniques for single acting VGT pneumatic actuator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we have developed a detailed mathematical model of a pneumatic actuator for a Variable Geometry Turbocharger (VGT) equipped with an Electro-pneumatic Pressure Converter (EPC). This model may require complex calculations for control purpose; therefore the dynamics of the EPC have been neglected and replaced by a static gain. These models incorporate friction and aerodynamic force related effects by using adaptive LuGre model. To compensate for parametric uncertainties, two single-input single-output nonlinear position control laws are designed using the second order sliding mode (SMC) and backstepping control. A comparative study with experiments shows the effectiveness of the proposed controllers.

S. Laghrouche; A. Mehmood; M. El Bagdouri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Impedance Control of a Pneumatic Actuator for Contact Tasks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a pneumatic system is that of compliant actuation. By virtue of the compressibility of air, a pneumatic and stable force control, less damage during inadvertent contact, and the potential for energy storage." [1

Barth, Eric J.

11

validation and Enhancement of Computational Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer Predictive Capabilities for Generation IV Reactor Systems  

SciTech Connect

Nationwide, the demand for electricity due to population and industrial growth is on the rise. However, climate change and air quality issues raise serious questions about the wisdom of addressing these shortages through the construction of additional fossil fueled power plants. In 1997, the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology Energy Research and Development Panel determined that restoring a viable nuclear energy option was essential and that the DOE should implement a R&D effort to address principal obstacles to achieving this option. This work has addressed the need for improved thermal/fluid analysis capabilities, through the use of computational fluid dynamics, which are necessary to support the design of generation IV gas-cooled and supercritical water reactors.

Robert E. Spall; Barton Smith; Thomas Hauser

2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

12

Pneumatic vibratory cleaner conveyor for sugarcane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PNEUMATIC VIBRATORY CLEANER CONVEYOR FOR SUGARCANE A Thesis ROBERTO COSTA DE OLIVEIRA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1983 Major... Subject: Agricultural Engineering PNEDMATIC V1BRATORY CLEANER CONVEYOR FOR SUGARCANE A Thesis ROBERTO COSTA DE OLIVEIRA Approved as to style and content by: Dr. Charlie G. Coble (Chairman of Committee) Dr ayne A. LePori (Member) Stephen W. Sear...

Oliveira, Roberto Costa de

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

13

Ultralight Pressure Regulator for Application in Pneumatic Prostheses:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Available pressure regulators are considered too heavy for application in pneumatic prostheses. Goal of this paper is developing a lighter pressure regulator adapted for this… (more)

Rob, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

MHK Technologies/Pneumatically Stabilized Platform PSP | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHK Technologies/Pneumatically Stabilized Platform PSP MHK Technologies/Pneumatically Stabilized Platform PSP < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Pneumatically Stabilized Platform PSP.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Float Inc Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The PSP is a distinct type of pneumatic platform one in which the platform is composed of a number of cylindrical shaped components packed together in a rectangular pattern to form a module Each cylinder is sealed at the top open to the ocean at its base and contains air at a pressure slightly above atmospheric pressure Modules can be of a size that are relatively easy to manipulate as shown in the simplified drawing below

15

Mechanical Compliance Control System for A Pneumatic Robot Arm Kouichi Watanabe1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 2789 - Mechanical Compliance Control System for A Pneumatic Robot Arm Kouichi Watanabe1 , Hisashi position and posture of the arm. Keywords: Pneumatic actuator, Humanoid robot arm, Compliance control 1 actuators have started gaining attention as robot actuators. We focused on the robot arm using a pneumatic

Tachi, Susumu

16

On a Pneumatic Analogue of the Wheatstone Bridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 January 1889 research-article On a Pneumatic Analogue of the Wheatstone Bridge W. N. Shaw The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. www.jstor.org

1889-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Computational Modelling of Particle Degradation in Dilute Phase Pneumatic Conveyors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, GU2 7XH, UK {h.abou-chakra, u.tuzun}@surrey.ac.uk c The Wolfson Centre for Bulk Solids Handling Technology, University of Greenwich, Wellington Street, Woolwich, London, SE18 6PF, UK {i.bridle, m degradation during dilute phase pneumatic conveying. A numerical procedure, based on a matrix representation

Christakis, Nikolaos

18

The Structure of the Local Interstellar Medium IV: Dynamics, Morphology, Physical Properties, and Implications of Cloud-Cloud Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an empirical dynamical model of the local interstellar medium based on 270 radial-velocity measurements for 157 sight lines toward nearby stars. Physical-parameter measurements (i.e., temperature, turbulent velocity, depletions) are available for 90 components, or one-third of the sample, enabling initial characterizations of the physical properties of LISM clouds. The model includes 15 warm clouds located within 15 pc of the Sun, each with a different velocity vector. We derive projected morphologies of all clouds and estimate the volume filling factor of warm partially ionized material in the LISM to be between ~5.5% and 19%. Relative velocities of potentially interacting clouds are often supersonic, consistent with heating, turbulent, and metal-depletion properties. Cloud-cloud collisions may be responsible for the filamentary morphologies found in ~1/3 of LISM clouds, the distribution of clouds along the boundaries of the two nearest clouds (LIC and G), the detailed shape and heating of the Mic Cloud, the location of nearby radio scintillation screens, and the location of a LISM cold cloud. Contrary to previous claims, the Sun appears to be located in the transition zone between the LIC and G Clouds.

Seth Redfield; Jeffrey L. Linsky

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

19

A pneumatically powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO) with myoelectric activation and inhibition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The goal of this study was to test the mechanical performance of a prototype knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO) powered by artificial pneumatic muscles during human walking. We had previously built a powered ankle-foot

Gregory S Sawicki; Daniel P Ferris

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

PneUI: Pneumatically Actuated Soft Composite Materials for Shape Changing Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents PneUI, an enabling technology to build shape-changing interfaces through pneumatically-actuated soft composite materials. The composite materials integrate the capabilities of both input sensing and ...

Yao, Lining

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

CFD-DEM modelling of two-phase pneumatic conveying with experimental validation.   

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A wide range of industrial processes involve multiphase granular flows. These include catalytic reactions in fluidized beds, the pneumatic conveying of raw materials and gas-particle separators. Due to the complex nature ...

Ebrahimi, Mohammadreza

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

22

Costs and benefits of pneumatic collection in three specific New York City cases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Truck-based collection of municipal solid waste imposes significant negative externalities on cities and constrains the efficiency of separate collection of recyclables and organics and of unit-price-based waste-reduction systems. In recent decades, hundreds of municipal-scale pneumatic collection systems have been installed in Europe and Asia. Relatively few prior studies have compared the economic or environmental impacts of these systems to those of truck collection. A critical factor to consider when making this comparison is the extent to which the findings reflect the specific geographic, demographic, and operational characteristics of the systems considered. This paper is based on three case studies that consider the specific characteristics of three locations, comparing pneumatic systems with conventional collection on the basis of actual waste tonnages, composition, sources, collection routes, truck trips, and facility locations. In one case, alternative upgrades to an existing pneumatic system are compared to a potential truck-collection operation. In the other cases, existing truck operations are compared to proposed pneumatic systems which, to reduce capital costs, would be installed without new trenching or tunneling through the use of existing linear infrastructure. For the two proposed retrofit pneumatic systems, up to 48,000 truck kilometers travelled would be avoided and energy use would be reduced by up to 60% at an incremental cost of up to $400,000 USD per year over the total operating-plus-capital cost of conventional collection. In the location where a greenfield pneumatic system is already in operation, truck collection would be both less expensive and more energy-efficient than pneumatic collection. The results demonstrate that local geographic, demographic, and operational conditions play a decisive role in determining whether pneumatic collection will reduce energy requirements, produce more or fewer greenhouse gas emissions, and cost more or less over the long-term. These findings point to the local factors that will determine the relative economic and environmental costs and benefits in specific situations.

Benjamin Miller; Juliette Spertus; Camille Kamga

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

The determination of design data for the pneumatic conveying of sorghum seed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of grain, more efficient and economical mechanical con- veying equipment is needed. Since the pneumatic conveyor has several advantages over other conveyors it is being used to psrt- iallv s:eet this need. A few of these advantages are as follows: 1.... The pneumatic conveyor is completely self-cleaning which eliminates the labor and the time ordinarily required to hand clean conveying equipment. In other types of conveyors this cleaning operation is necess- ary between each crop or variety. In instances...

Person, Nat K

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

24

Microtargeted gene silencing and ectopic expression in live embryos using biolistic delivery with a pneumatic capillary gun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a Pneumatic Capillary Gun Orit Shefi, 1 Claire Simonnet, 2medicinalis; netrin; gene gun Introduction Modulating geneby the current design of “gene guns” used for particle

Shefi, Orit; Simonnet, Claire; Baker, Michael W; Glass, James R; Macagno, Eduardo R; Groisman, Alex

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

GEN-IV Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Generation-IV reactors are a set of nuclear reactors currently being developed under international collaborations targeting ... economics, proliferation resistance, and physical protection of nuclear energy. Nuclear

Taek K. Kim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Modeling the pneumatic subsystem of a S-cam air brake system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The air brake system is one of the critical components in ensuring the safe operation of any commercial vehicle. This work is directed towards the development of a fault-free model of the pneumatic subsystem of the air brake system. This model can...

Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

27

A pneumatic power harvesting ankle-foot orthosis to prevent foot-drop  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A self-contained, self-controlled, pneumatic power harvesting ankle-foot orthosis (PhAFO) to manage foot-drop was developed and tested. Foot-drop is due to a disruption of ... motion during stance, and harvest th...

Robin Chin; Elizabeth T Hsiao-Wecksler…

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

The prevention of oil spreading on water by pneumatic bubble barrier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the surroundi. ng wai. er particles causing them to accelerate upward. Upon reaching the surface, thc bubbles burst and the air joins the atmosphere. The water current is then directed in two directions away from the barrier . The purpose of the pneumat...

McClenan, Cecil Michael

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Environmental sustainability comparison of a hypothetical pneumatic waste collection system and a door-to-door system  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We compare the environmental sustainability of two MSW collection systems. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We evaluate pneumatic and door-to-door collection systems. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The greenhouse gas emissions of pneumatic collection are around three times higher. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer System components are decisive but assumptions on electricity use are also important. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pneumatic collection could provide other benefits over door-to-door system. - Abstract: Waste collection is one of the life cycle phases that influence the environmental sustainability of waste management. Pneumatic waste collection systems represent a new way of arranging waste collection in densely populated urban areas. However, limited information is available on the environmental impacts of this system. In this study, we compare the environmental sustainability of conventional door-to-door waste collection with its hypothetical pneumatic alternative. Furthermore, we analyse whether the size of the hypothetical pneumatic system, or the number of waste fractions included, have an impact on the results. Environmental loads are calculated for a hypothetical pneumatic waste collection system modelled on an existing dense urban area in Helsinki, Finland, and the results are compared to those of the prevailing, container-based, door-to-door waste collection system. The evaluation method used is the life-cycle inventory (LCI). In this study, we report the atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x}. The results indicate that replacing the prevailing system with stationary pneumatic waste collection in an existing urban infrastructure would increase total air emissions. Locally, in the waste collection area, emissions would nonetheless diminish, as collection traffic decreases. While the electricity consumption of the hypothetical pneumatic system and the origin of electricity have a significant bearing on the results, emissions due to manufacturing the system's components prove decisive.

Punkkinen, Henna, E-mail: henna.punkkinen@vtt.fi [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Biologinkuja 7, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland); Merta, Elina, E-mail: elina.merta@vtt.fi [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Biologinkuja 7, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland); Teerioja, Nea, E-mail: nea.teerioja@helsinki.fi [University of Helsinki, Department of Economics and Management, Latokartanonkaari 9, P.O. Box 27, FI-00014 HY (Finland); Moliis, Katja, E-mail: katja.moliis@helsinki.fi [University of Helsinki, Department of Economics and Management, Latokartanonkaari 9, P.O. Box 27, FI-00014 HY (Finland); Kuvaja, Eveliina, E-mail: eveliina.kuvaja@helsinki.fi [University of Helsinki, Department of Economics and Management, Latokartanonkaari 9, P.O. Box 27, FI-00014 HY (Finland)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

30

Generation IV (Gen IV) - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation IV (Gen Generation IV (Gen IV) Generation IV Overview Other Major Programs Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE Division on Flickr Major Programs Generation IV (Gen IV) Development of next generation nuclear systems featuring significant advances in sustainability, economics, safety, reliability, proliferation resistance and physical protection. Bookmark and Share Generation IV Fact Sheet (73 KB) Overview Generation IV nuclear energy systems target significant advances over current-generation and evolutionary systems in the areas of sustainability, safety and reliability, and economics. These systems are to be deployable by 2030 in both industrialized and developing countries. Development of Generation IV systems is an international initiative. A

31

Generation -IV Reactor Concepts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation-IV Reactor Concepts Generation-IV Reactor Concepts Thomas H. Fanning Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA The Generation-IV International Forum (GIF) is a multi-national research and development (R&D) collaboration. The GIF pursues the development of advanced, next generation reactor technology with goals to improve: a) sustainability (effective fuel utilization and minimization of waste) b) economics (competitiveness with respect to other energy sources) c) safety and reliability (e.g., no need for offsite emergency response), and d) proliferation resistance and physical protection The GIF Technology Roadmap exercise selected six generic systems for further study: the Gas- cooled Fast Reactor (GFR), the Lead-cooled Fast Reactor (LFR), the Molten Salt Reactor (MSR),

32

Investigation of Noise Level and Penetration Rate of Pneumatic Drill vis-à-vis Rock Compressive Strength and Abrasivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, detailed studies were carried out to determine the influence of rock properties on the sound level produced during pneumatic drilling. Further, investigation was also carried out on the effect of t...

S. B. Kivade; Ch. S. N. Murthy; H. Vardhan

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

MODELING OF HYDRO-PNEUMATIC ENERGY STORAGE USING PUMP TURBINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of delivered power and energy capacities. Hydraulic storage or compressed air energy storage (CAES) can be used-turbine to displace a virtual liquid piston for air compression (Figure 1). A dynamic model of the storage system. It is based upon air compression storage using a hydraulic drive, which allows relatively high conversion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

34

On the Observability of Pressure in a Pneumatic Servo Actuator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are required to characterize the energy storage due to the compressibility of air; the velocity of the load dynamics arise principally from the compressibility of air, which gives rise to two nonlinear components, which is required to characterize the energy stored by the load inertia; and the position of the load

Barth, Eric J.

35

* ^ -^. «*'*: IV: .<:.**  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

* ^ -^. «*'*: IV: .<:.**,.,? '* -^^V; , *"'^"T-'^T * .^'^ **'*--'"-* *'*V-; "'^ v ^V ^^-^^;-'jl^'-^^i5^^v>^Ll-';.i»S-'^^^ * . '"* L"".'"-'?_,. -*'-_*:'?'. v>;': |: ,^% ;'. >' 4-.**;- *"-.''' * Lite -^ t.-^»!, m ". *Bfc' Table 8. Foreign Crude Oil and Natural Gas Liquids Reserve Interest for FRS Companies, 1983 and Percent Change from 1982 Crude Oil and Reserves Total OECD Foreign___Canada___Europe Africa___Mtdeast Other Eastern Hemisphere Other Western Hemisphere 1983 (million barrels) Total Crude and |GL

36

Modelling in Modelica and position control of a 1-DoF set-up powered by pneumatic muscles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The characteristics of pneumatic artificial muscles – or McKibben muscles – make them of great interest for the development of robotic applications such as orthoses or certain wearable robots. In order to research the applicability of these actuators in marketable applications, an experimental one-degree-of-freedom set-up based on pneumatic muscles manufactured by Festo was built at Ikerlan. After the detailed description of the experimental set-up, the paper presents the modelling of a pneumatic muscle in Modelica as a new component totally compatible with objects from commercial libraries, thus enabling any mechatronic device that contains pneumatic muscles to be modelled. It then offers a description of the experiments performed to identify the model in the case of real pneumatic muscles. With a view to adjusting the static model to the experimental tests, the inclusion of a new polynomial term depending on muscle contraction is proposed by the authors. The paper then shows the complete model of the experimental set-up in Dymola/Modelica. The part related to the modelling ends with a validation of the model with experimental data. The experimental set-up is very non-linear and very difficult to control properly. As a reference, an enhanced PID controller was designed, and at the same time, a robust controller H? and a sliding-mode controller based on an observer were designed and implemented. After this, a position controller based on an internal pressure loop for each pneumatic muscle was tuned up. The paper goes into detail regarding each of the four position controllers designed, and finally, a comparison is made by means of experimental results.

Aron Pujana-Arrese; Anjel Mendizabal; Javier Arenas; Ramon Prestamero; Joseba Landaluze

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

EnvWiltonIV-EIS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Draft EIS Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Draft EIS Western Area Power Administration (Western) prepared this draft environmental impact statement (DEIS) in response to a request from NextEra Energy Resources, LLC (NextEra), on behalf of its subsidiary Wilton Wind IV, LLC (Wilton IV), to interconnect its proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center (Project) to Western's power transmission system. The proposed Project is a wind turbine generation facility located in Burleigh County, North Dakota. It would consist of 62 wind turbine generators, with a total nameplate capacity of approximately 99 MW. NextEra has also requested that the existing interconnection contracts for the Wilton Wind I Energy Center (formerly known as Burleigh County Wind), Wilton Wind II Energy Center, and the Baldwin Wind Energy Center (together called the Existing Projects) be modified to lift their administrative 50 average annual MW production caps.

38

Water gate array for current flow or tidal movement pneumatic harnessing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention, which provides a system for harnessing power from current flow or tidal movement in a body of water, comprises first and second hydro-pneumatic chambers each having ingress and egress below the water surface near the river or ocean floor and water gates operative to open or seal the ports to the passage of water. In an exemplary embodiment, the gates are sychronized by shafts so that the ingress ports of each chamber are connected to the egress ports of each other chamber. Thus, one set of gates is closed, while the other is open, thereby allowing water to flow into one chamber and build air pressure therein and allowing water to flow out of the other chamber and create a partial vacuum therein. A pipe connects the chambers, and an air turbine harnesses the air movement within the pipe. When water levels are equilibrated, the open set of gates is closed by a counterweight, and the other set is allowed to open by natural force of the water differential. The water gates may be comprised of a plurality of louvers which are ganged for simultaneous opening and closing. The system is designed to operate with air turbines or other pneumatic devices. Its design minimizes construction cost and environmental impact, yet provides a clean renewable energy source.

Gorlov, Alexander M. (Brookline, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

High Steady-State Accuracy Pneumatic Servo Positioning System with PVA/PV Control and Friction Compensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is needed. The cause of the steady-state error for a pneumatic servo system with an open-center servo valve in Figure 1. A rodless cylinder and an open-center servo valve both made by Festo are utilized cvf Coefficient of viscous friction ba mm && , Mass flow rate into chamber A & B fa, fb Flow rate

Bone, Gary

40

Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

nuclear energy Generation IV International Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Category IV Dixon Recreation Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Category IV Dixon Recreation Center BB or VB court $60 RB/Squash court $45 Multipurpose Room $60 for any rental that is cancelled with less than seven days notice Department of Recreational Sports

Escher, Christine

42

Alta IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV IV Jump to: navigation, search Name Alta IV Facility Alta IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Terra-Gen Power Developer Terra-Gen Power Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi Pass CA Coordinates 35.01917213°, -118.3031845° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.01917213,"lon":-118.3031845,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

43

The potential for dense phase pneumatic conveying on FBC`s  

SciTech Connect

Dense phase pneumatic conveying has many potential application areas on FBC`S. These include fuel feed, bed ash and sorbent handling. Also the conveying of ash from various parts of the boiler gas clean up system, either for reinjection to the boiler or conveying to storage. The materials being handled can be abrasive, hot and a wide range of particle sizes. Each application area must be considered and may require different types of equipment in each case to achieve economic reliable conveying. The paper describes the various forms of equipment that can be applied to each of the application areas, and explains the possibilities and limitations that exist in each case. Examples of working installations will be described.

Snowdon, B. [Clyde Pneumatic Conveying Ltd., Doncaster (United Kingdom)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

44

Optimizing the parameters of a system for pulsed pneumatic transportation of ash from electric precipitators at thermal power stations and putting this system into operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results from analysis of the effect of changes in the ash layer structure on the layer’s physical parameters are presented. Principles of designing a system for pneumatic transportation of ash in a pulsed mode...

V. K. Konovalov; O. V. Yashkin; V. V. Ermakov

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Dynamic  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Dynamic Dynamic , and Static , Res.ponse of the Government Oil Shale Mine at ' , . , Rifle, Colorado, to the Rulison Event. , . ; . . DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. p ( y c - - a 2-1 0 -4- REPORT AT (29-2) 914 USBM 1 0 0 1 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F THE I NTERIOR BUREAU OF MINES e s.09 P. L. R U S S E L L RESEARCH D l RECTOR Februory 2, lB7O DYNAMIC AND STATIC RESPONSE 'OF THE GOVERNMENT OIL SHALE MINE A T RIFLE, COLORADO, T O THE, RULISON EVENT ORDER FROM CFSTl A S ~ B ~ &J C / This page intentionally left blank CONTENTS Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H i s t o r i c . a l Des c r i p t i o n 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Summary 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Introduction 3

46

Computational analysis of plasmepsin IV bound to an allophenylnorstatine inhibitor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The plasmepsin proteases from the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum are attracting attention as putative drug targets. A recently published crystal structure of Plasmodium malariae plasmepsin IV bound to an allophenylnorstatine inhibitor [Clemente, J.C. et al. (2006) Acta Crystallogr. D 62, 246–252] provides the first structural insights regarding interactions of this family of inhibitors with plasmepsins. The compounds in this class are potent inhibitors of HIV-1 protease, but also show nM binding affinities towards plasmepsin IV. Here, we utilize automated docking, molecular dynamics and binding free energy calculations with the linear interaction energy LIE method to investigate the binding of allophenylnorstatine inhibitors to plasmepsin IV from two different species. The calculations yield excellent agreement with experimental binding data and provide new information regarding protonation states of active site residues as well as conformational properties of the inhibitor complexes.

Hugo Gutiérrez-de-Terán; Martin Nervall; Ben M. Dunn; Jose C. Clemente; Johan Åqvist

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A new hybrid pneumatic combustion engine to improve fuel consumption of wind–Diesel power system for non-interconnected areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an evaluation of an optimized Hybrid Pneumatic-Combustion Engine (HPCE) concept that permits reducing fuel consumption for electricity production in non-interconnected remote areas, originally equipped with hybrid Wind–Diesel System (WDS). Up to now, most of the studies on the pneumatic hybridization of Internal Combustion Engines (ICE) have dealt with two-stroke pure pneumatic mode. The few studies that have dealt with hybrid pneumatic-combustion four-stroke mode require adding a supplementary valve to charge compressed air in the combustion chamber. This modification means that a new cylinder head should be fabricated. Moreover, those studies focus on spark ignition engines and are not yet validated for Diesel engines. Present HPCE is capable of making a Diesel engine operate under two-stroke pneumatic motor mode, two-stroke pneumatic pump mode and four-stroke hybrid mode, without needing an additional valve in the combustion chamber. This fact constitutes this study’s strength and innovation. The evaluation of the concept is based on ideal thermodynamic cycle modeling. The optimized valve actuation timings for all modes lead to generic maps that are independent of the engine size. The fuel economy is calculated for a known site during a whole year, function of the air storage volume and the wind power penetration rate.

Tammam Basbous; Rafic Younes; Adrian Ilinca; Jean Perron

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Shiloh IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shiloh IV Shiloh IV Facility Shiloh IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner EDF Renewable Energy Developer EDF Renewable Energy Energy Purchaser Pacific Gas & Electric Location Birds Landing CA Coordinates 38.13891092°, -121.8480349° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.13891092,"lon":-121.8480349,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

49

Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydration Hydration Water on Rutile Studied by Backscattering Neutron Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulation E. Mamontov,* ,† D. J. Wesolowski, ‡ L. Vlcek, § P. T. Cummings, §,| J. Rosenqvist, ‡ W. Wang, ⊥ and D. R. Cole ‡ Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6473, Chemical Sciences DiVision, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6110, Department of Chemical Engineering, Vanderbilt UniVersity, NashVille, Tennessee 37235-1604, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6496, and EnVironmental Sciences DiVision, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6036 ReceiVed: December 20, 2007; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed: June 4, 2008 The high energy resolution, coupled with the wide dynamic range, of the new backscattering

50

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems ... The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Nuclear Energy enhance safety and security, and develop nuclear power as an energy source for industrial applications Information ... U.S. Department of Energy www.energy.gov DOE Office of Nuclear Energy www.nuclear

Kemner, Ken

51

Type IV Pilin Proteins: Versatile Molecular Modules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2012 review-article Reviews Type IV Pilin Proteins...adaptable functional plan. The type IV pilin is...substrates. In this review, we consider recent...adaptable functional plan. The type IV pilin is...substrates. In this review, we consider recent...

Carmen L. Giltner; Ylan Nguyen; Lori L. Burrows

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Pressemitteilung Graduiertenkolleg Automatismen Media Transatlantic IV Traffic.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pressemitteilung Graduiertenkolleg Automatismen Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic. Internationale untersuchen anlässlich der Tagung Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic an der Universität Paderborn die verselbstständigende und somit zunehmend unkontrollierbare Strukturen entstehen. Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic ist

Paderborn, Universität

53

Removal of Vanadium(IV) from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption Process with Aluminum-Pillared Bentonite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this research work is to investigate the possibility of using a natural bentonite clay as a precursor to produce aluminum-pillared clay (Al?PILC) for the removal of vanadium(IV) from aqueous solutions. ... The original bentonite and Al?PILC were characterized with the help of surface area analyzer, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and potentiometric titration. ... The adsorption of vanadium(IV) onto Al?PILC has been dynamically and thermodynamically investigated. ...

D. M. Manohar; B. F. Noeline; T. S. Anirudhan

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

54

IV  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of 99 of 99 Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 Energy Efficient Building Systems Regional Innovation Cluster Initiative A joint FOA published by: The Department of Energy The Department of Commerce-Economic Development Administration The Department of Commerce-National Institute of Standards and Technology The Small Business Administration The Department of Labor The Department of Education

55

IV  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supplement to the Draft Solar PEIS iii October 2011 CONTENTS 1 2 3 NOTATION ........................................................................................................................ ix 4 5 ENGLISH/METRIC AND METRIC/ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS .................................. xiii 6 7 1 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 1-1 8

56

SECTION IV: ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR SCIENCE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Projectile ionization in collisions of U 28+ with gases ... IV-1 R. E. Olson, R. L. Watson, V. Horvat, K. E....

57

Surprising Coordination Geometry Differences in Ce(IV)- and Pu(IV)-Maltol Complexes  

SciTech Connect

As part of a study to characterize the detailed coordination behavior of Pu(IV), single crystal X-ray diffraction structures have been determined for Pu(IV) and Ce(IV) complexes with the naturally-occurring ligand maltol (3-hydroxy-2-methyl-pyran-4-one) and its derivative bromomaltol (5-bromo-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-pyran-4-one). Although Ce(IV) is generally accepted as a structural analog for Pu(IV), and the maltol complexes of these two metals are isostructural, the corresponding bromomaltol complexes are strikingly different with respect to ligand orientation about the metal ion: All complexes exhibit trigonal dodecahedral coordination geometry but the Ce(IV)-bromomaltol complex displays an uncommon ligand arrangement not mirrored in the Pu(IV) complex, although the two metal species are generally accepted to be structural analogs.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Raymond, Kenneth; Szigethy, Geza; Xu, Jide; Gorden, Anne E.V.; Teat, Simon J.; Shuh, David K.; Raymond, Kenneth N.

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

58

Safeguards Licensing Aspects of a Future Generation IV Demonstration Facility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Generation IV (Gen IV) is a developing new generation of nuclear power reactors which is foreseen to bring about a safer and more sustainable… (more)

Åberg Lindell, Matilda

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Developing the DSM-IV-DSM-IV Criteria to Identify Adolescent Problem Gambling in Non-Clinical Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a revised version of DSM-IV-J criteria for youth, the DSM-IV-MR-J, together with psychometric data...gold standard measure.

Sue Fisher

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Generation IV International Forum | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Forum Forum Generation IV International Forum January 14, 2005 - 9:50am Addthis Remarks of Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham National Press Club It is a pleasure to be here today, to welcome the representatives of the Generation IV International Forum to their first Washington, D.C., meeting. Very early in my tenure as U.S. Secretary of Energy, I took part in the formation of the Generation IV initiative, and the signing of the organization's charter - which provided the framework for international cooperative research on advanced nuclear energy systems that are safe, reliable, economical and proliferation resistant... to help ensure that nuclear power has a vital and viable role in the world's energy future. I last met with the Generation IV International Forum two years ago in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The MAX IV storage ring project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of the MAX IV 3 GeV ultralow-emittance storage ring is presented and the implementation of solutions to the technological challenges imposed by the compact multi-bend achromat lattice are described.

Tavares, P.F.

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

62

SECTION IV: ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND MATERIALS SCIENCE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND MATERIALS SCIENCE A semiempirical scaling law for target K x-ray production in heavy ion collisions... IV-1 R. L. Watson, Y. Peng, V. Horvat, and A....

63

Field Theory of Matter. IV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relativistic dynamics of 0- and 1- mesons in the idealization of U3 symmetry is derived from the hypothesis that a compact group of transformations on fundamental fields induces a predominantly local and linear transformation of the phenomenological fields that are associated with particles. The physical picture of phenomenological fields as highly localized functions of fundamental fields implies that the interaction term of the phenomenological Lagrange function can have symmetry properties, expressed by invariance under the compact transformation group, that have no significance for the remainder of the Lagrange function, which describes the propagation of the physical excitations. It is verified that the meson interaction term derived by considering fundamental fermion fields is invariant under the parity-conserving group U6×U6. The implied connection between the ??? and ??? coupling constants is well satisfied. There is a brief discussion of the dynamics of fermion-particle triplets, from which it is shown that the invariance of the similarly derived interaction term implies the mass degeneracy of the singlet and octuplet of 1- mesons, without relation to 0- masses. The triplets are also used to illustrate the derivation of gauge- and relativistically invariant electromagnetic properties. The mass degeneracy of the nine 1- mesons, and of nine 2+ mesons, can be inferred from the commutation properties of bilinear combinations of the fundamental field.

Julian Schwinger

1965-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

64

On the Observability of Pressure in a Pneumatic Servo Actuator Michael Goldfarb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the energy storage due to the compressibility of air, the velocity of the load, which is required the compressibility of air, which give rise to two nonlinear components of the system dynamics. The first to characterize the energy stored by the load inertia, and the position of the load, which is the desired output

65

The Role of Pressure Sensors in the Servo Control of Pneumatic Actuators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are required to characterize the energy storage due to the Compressibility of air, the velocity of the load position output. These nonlinear dynamics arise principally from the compressibility of air, which results, which is required to characterize the energy stored by the load inertia, and the position of the load

Barth, Eric J.

66

A real time neural energy management strategy for a hybrid pneumatic engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimization Strategy (ECMS) and equivalent to a Variable Penalty Coefficient Strategy with Driving Pattern to the combustion chamber by a supplemen- tary pipe and an additional charging valve (see Figure 1). This allows by Dynamic Programming, the basic Causal Strategy, the different Penalty Coefficient strategies, in- cluding

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

67

3 - Mobile Robot Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mobile robot dynamics is a challenging field on its own, especially due to the variety of the imposed constraints. Delicate stability and control problems that have very often to be faced are due to longitudinal or lateral slip, and to the features of the ground (roughness, etc.). This chapter has the following objectives: (i) to present the general dynamic modeling concepts and techniques of robots, (ii) to study the Newton–Euler and Lagrange dynamic models of differential-drive mobile robots, (iii) to study the dynamics of differential-drive mobile robots with longitudinal and lateral slip, (iv) to derive a dynamic model of car-like wheeled mobile robots, (v) to derive a dynamic model of three-wheel omnidirectional robots, and (vi) to derive a dynamic model of four-wheel mecanum omnidirectional robots.

Spyros G. Tzafestas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Pomeroy IV Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV Wind Farm IV Wind Farm Facility Pomeroy IV Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner MidAmerican Energy Developer MidAmerican Energy Energy Purchaser MidAmerican Energy Location Pomeroy IA Coordinates 42.570484°, -94.702506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.570484,"lon":-94.702506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

69

Meadow Lake IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Meadow Lake IV Meadow Lake IV Facility Meadow Lake IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Horizon Wind Energy Developer EDP Renewables Location Brookston IN Coordinates 40.601111°, -86.864167° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.601111,"lon":-86.864167,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

70

Mountain View IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV IV Facility Mountain View IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner AES Wind Generation Developer AES Wind Generation Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location White Water CA Coordinates 33.95475187°, -116.7015839° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.95475187,"lon":-116.7015839,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

71

Annex IV Environmental Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Annex IV Environmental Webinar Annex IV Environmental Webinar Annex IV Environmental Webinar January 23, 2014 12:00PM to 1:30PM EST Online The Energy Department will present a live webcast on Instrumentation for Monitoring Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices, highlighting themes that arose during a related workshop. Webinar presentations will include discussion on monitoring of near-field interactions between marine mammals and marine renewable energy converters, determining the distribution and habitat use of marine animals in the vicinity of marine renewable energy converters, and characterizing sound produced by marine renewable energy converters. 12:00 to 1:30 p.m. Eastern Standard Time 9:00 to 10:30 a.m. Pacific Standard Time Join Lync Meeting Join by phone866-528-1882 or 509-375-4555

72

Tetrahydrothiophene complexes of technetium(IV)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technetium(IV) complex of the composition trans-[TcCl4(tht)2] (tht = tetrahydrothiophene) is formed during heating of \\{K2TcCl6\\} in a mixture of tht and aqueous HCl. The thioether ligands are only weakly bonded and the red crystals slowly decompose under release of tht. The weak technetium–sulphur bonds are confirmed by Tc–S distances of 2.494(1) Å. The anionic thioether technetium(IV) complex [TcBr5(tht)]? is formed by the reaction of (NBu4)2[TcBr6] with neat tht. The tetrabutylammonium salt of the complex is indefinitely stable in air.

Adelheid Hagenbach; Ulrich Abram

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Synergies Between Generation-IV and Advanced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to these changes · Requires experimental data for validation Limited resources require careful selection both recognize potential risk to environment and public health Safety goals and requirements Waste minimization Regulatory reform #12;9/14/2004 16th TOFE: Gen IV + ARIES 11/17 Safety Common safety goal

74

Under the Saturn IV Rocket | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocket October 10, 2013 - 12:05pm Addthis Under the Saturn IV Rocket Photo credit: Kelly Visconti Under the Saturn IV Rocket Photo credit: Kelly Visconti On the Road with...

75

Media Transatlantic IV Traffic March 29 31, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conference Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic March 29 ­ 31, 2012 University of Paderborn, Germany . d e / r t g - a u t o m a t i s m s Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic Graduiertenkolleg Automatismen;Conference Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic March 29 ­ 31, 2012 University of Paderborn, Germany Room B 3

Paderborn, Universität

76

Uncertainty Quantification in the Reliability and Risk Assessment of Generation IV Reactors: Final Scientific/Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

The project entitled, “Uncertainty Quantification in the Reliability and Risk Assessment of Generation IV Reactors”, was conducted as a DOE NERI project collaboration between Texas A&M University and The Ohio State University between March 2006 and June 2009. The overall goal of the proposed project was to develop practical approaches and tools by which dynamic reliability and risk assessment techniques can be used to augment the uncertainty quantification process in probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methods and PRA applications for Generation IV reactors. This report is the Final Scientific/Technical Report summarizing the project.

Vierow, Karen; Aldemir, Tunc

2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

77

New Materials for NGNP/Gen IV  

SciTech Connect

The bounding conditions were briefly summarized for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) that is the leading candidate in the Department of Energy Generation IV reactor program. Metallic materials essential to the successful development and proof of concept for the NGNP were identified. The literature bearing on the materials technology for high-temperature gas-cooled reactors was reviewed with emphasis on the needs identified for the NGNP. Several materials were identified for a more thorough study of their databases and behavioral features relative to the requirements ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III, Division 1, Subsection NH.

Robert W. Swindeman; Douglas L. Marriott

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

78

Gen IV Materials Handbook Functionalities and Operation  

SciTech Connect

This document is prepared for navigation and operation of the Gen IV Materials Handbook, with architecture description and new user access initiation instructions. Development rationale and history of the Handbook is summarized. The major development aspects, architecture, and design principles of the Handbook are briefly introduced to provide an overview of its past evolution and future prospects. Detailed instructions are given with examples for navigating the constructed Handbook components and using the main functionalities. Procedures are provided in a step-by-step fashion for Data Upload Managers to upload reports and data files, as well as for new users to initiate Handbook access.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

[1] Durfee, W. K., and Rivard, A., 2005, "Design and simulation of a pneumatic, stored-energy, hybrid orthosis for gait restoration," J Biomech Eng, 127(6), pp. 1014-1019.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to predicted 15 J. Extra due to cylinder friction and higher elastic forces ·Compressed air storage: 9.7 J for walking by those with SCI using a new concept. The system uses FES + orthosis + energy storage ·Design and transmitted to the hip for hip movement. · Pneumatics used for energy storage and transmission

Durfee, William K.

80

ARIES-IV Nested Shell Blanket Design  

SciTech Connect

The ARIES-IV Nested Shell Blanket (NSB) Design is an alternate blanket concept of the ARIES-IV low activation helium-cooled reactor design. The reference design has the coolant routed in the poloidal direction and the inlet and outlet plena are located at the top and bottom of the torus. The NSB design has the high velocity coolant routed in the toroidal direction and the plena are located behind the blanket. This is of significance since the selected structural material is SiC-composite. The NSB is designed to have key high performance components with characteristic dimensions of no larger than 2 m. These components can be brazed to form the blanket module. For the diverter design, we eliminated the use of W as the divertor coating material by relying on the successful development of the gaseous divertor concept. The neutronics and thermal-hydraulic performance of both blanket concepts are similar. The selected blanket and divertor configurations can also meet all the projected structural, neutronics and thermal-hydraulics design limits and requirements. With the selected blanket and divertor materials, the design has a level of safety assurance rate of I (LSA-1), which indicates an inherently safe design.

Wong, C.P.C.; Redler, K.; Reis, E.E.; Will, R. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Cheng, E. [TSI Research, Inc. (United States); Hasan, C.M.; Sharafat, S. [California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Roadmap Integration Team Presentation Generation IV Roadmap Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presentation Presentation Generation IV Roadmap Overview NERAC Meeting: Washington, D.C. April 15, 2002 Roadmap Integration Team Presentation Definition - Generation IV Generation IV is: "...the next generation of nuclear energy systems that can be licensed, constructed, and operated in a manner that will provide a competitively priced and reliable supply of energy to the country where such systems are deployed, while addressing nuclear safety, waste, proliferation and public perception concerns." Roadmap Integration Team Presentation Objective - Gen IV Technology Roadmap The Technology Roadmap: * Describes systems deployable by 2030 or earlier * Determines which systems offer significant advances towards:

82

Generation IV International Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Prototypes China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum Renewed energy and enhanced coordination...

83

IV1. Yoon and E. Crosbie  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

19 19 IV1. Yoon and E. Crosbie May 1988 The APS Beam Transfer Line from Linac to Booster Synchrotron In this note, we describe the recently designed APS beam transport system to the booster synchrotron. Another transfer system which guides the beam from the booster to the storage ring is described in ref. 1, and therefore it not be treated here. The system of interest consists of two parts; the transfer line LTOA from the injector linac to the positron accumulator ring (PAR) and the transfer line ATOB from the accumulator ring to booster synchrotron. For the design, we assumed that the rms transverse emittance of the Jinac output beam is about 1.1 mm mrad at 450 MeV andthe energy spread is :11%. The plan view of the designed beam transfer line is shown in Fig. 1. In this figure, B1 bends the

84

CALIBRATING C-IV-BASED BLACK HOLE MASS ESTIMATORS  

SciTech Connect

We present the single-epoch black hole mass estimators based on the C IV {lambda}1549 broad emission line, using the updated sample of the reverberation-mapped active galactic nuclei and high-quality UV spectra. By performing multi-component spectral fitting analysis, we measure the C IV line widths (FWHM{sub C{sub IV}} and line dispersion, {sigma}{sub C{sub IV}}) and the continuum luminosity at 1350 A (L{sub 1350}) to calibrate the C-IV-based mass estimators. By comparing with the H{beta} reverberation-based masses, we provide new mass estimators with the best-fit relationships, i.e., M{sub BH}{proportional_to}L{sub 1350}{sup 0.50{+-}0.07}{sigma}{sub C{sub IV}{sup 2}} and M{sub BH}{proportional_to}L{sub 1350}{sup 0.52{+-}0.09} FWHM{sub C{sub IV}{sup 0.56{+-}0.48}}. The new C-IV-based mass estimators show significant mass-dependent systematic difference compared to the estimators commonly used in the literature. Using the published Sloan Digital Sky Survey QSO catalog, we show that the black hole mass of high-redshift QSOs decreases on average by {approx}0.25 dex if our recipe is adopted.

Park, Daeseong; Woo, Jong-Hak; Shin, Jaejin [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Denney, Kelly D., E-mail: pds2001@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: woo@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: jjshin@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: kelly@dark-cosmology.dk [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

85

Salton Sea IV Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV Geothermal Facility IV Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Salton Sea IV Geothermal Facility General Information Name Salton Sea IV Geothermal Facility Facility Salton Sea IV Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Address 6922 Crummer Rd. Location Calipatria, California Zip 92233 Coordinates 33.157511158558°, -115.63861370087° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.157511158558,"lon":-115.63861370087,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

86

An Integrated Safety Assessment Methodology for Generation IV Nuclear Systems  

SciTech Connect

The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) Risk and Safety Working Group (RSWG) was created to develop an effective approach for the safety of Generation IV advanced nuclear energy systems. Early work of the RSWG focused on defining a safety philosophy founded on lessons learned from current and prior generations of nuclear technologies, and on identifying technology characteristics that may help achieve Generation IV safety goals. More recent RSWG work has focused on the definition of an integrated safety assessment methodology for evaluating the safety of Generation IV systems. The methodology, tentatively called ISAM, is an integrated “toolkit” consisting of analytical techniques that are available and matched to appropriate stages of Generation IV system concept development. The integrated methodology is intended to yield safety-related insights that help actively drive the evolving design throughout the technology development cycle, potentially resulting in enhanced safety, reduced costs, and shortened development time.

Timothy J. Leahy

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Actinide Corroles: Synthesis and Characterization of Thorium(IV) and Uranium(IV) bis(-chloride) Dimers  

SciTech Connect

The first synthesis and structural characterization of actinide corroles is presented. Thorium(IV) and uranium(IV) macrocycles of Mes2(p-OMePh)corrole were synthesised and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, UV-Visible spectroscopy, variable-temperature 1H NMR, ESI mass spectrometry and cyclic voltammetry.

Ward, Ashleigh L.; Buckley, Heather L.; Gryko, Daniel T.; Lukens, Wayne W.; Arnold, John

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Extending a MOOS-IvP Autonomy System and Users Guide to the IvPBuild Toolbox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document describes how to extend the suite of MOOS applications and IvP Helm behaviors distributed with the MOOS-IvP software bundle from www.moos-ivp.org. It covers (a) a straw-man repository with a place-holder MOOS ...

Benjamin, Michael R.

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

89

Evaluating the validities of different DSM-IV-based conceptual constructs of tobacco dependence.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interview Schedule for DSM-IV (DIS-IV). St Louis, MO:R. A. Finding order in the DSM-IV nicotine dependence syn-Kilbey M. M. , Andreski P. DSM-III-R nicotine dependence in

Hendricks, Peter S; Prochaska, Judith J; Humfleet, Gary L; Hall, Sharon M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

The U.S. Generation IV Implementation Strategy  

SciTech Connect

This report has been prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to respond to Congressional direction contained in Senate Report 107-220 from the Senate Committee on Appropriations regarding the Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2003. In that report, the Committee instructed the Department to prepare a report regarding how it intends to carry out the results of the Generation IV Roadmap. This report is the U.S. Department of Energy's response to the Congressional directive. It summarizes results from the Generation IV Technology Roadmap and the strategy for implementing of the Generation IV program in the United States. Planning for the implementation of the Generation IV program is based on (1) the long-term outlook for nuclear energy in the United States, (2) the advice of the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee during the two-year development of the Generation IV Technology Roadmap, and (3) the need for the Generation IV program to be integrated with other nuclear energy research programs of the Department. Considerable emphasis is given to developing the priorities and necessary timelines for the U.S. Generation IV Program, as well as developing international R&D cooperation that will benefit the program and strengthen U.S. leadership in nuclear technology R&D.

None

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home GEA Development Phase IV: Resource Production and Power Plant Construction GEA Development Phases The Geothermal Energy Association's (GEA) Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions are a guideline for geothermal developers to use when submitting geothermal resource development information to GEA for public dissemination in its annual US Geothermal Power Production and Development Update. GEA's Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions serve to increase the consistency, accuracy, and reliability of industry information presented in the development updates. Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation

92

Understanding Humic Acid / Zr(IV) Interaction - A Spectromicroscopy Approach  

SciTech Connect

Complexation of Zr(IV) by humic acid (HA) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) is investigated from the point of view of the organic ligand. STXM Spectromicroscopy and C 1s-NEXAFS point to different interaction mechanisms between Zr(IV) cations and oxo/hydroxo colloids and PAA. Under conditions where the metal aquo ion is stable, strong complexes are formed. In contrast, unspecific surface coating is identified when PAA is contacted with Zr(IV) oxo/hydroxide colloids. HA exhibits similar C 1s-NEXAFS features indicating a complexation reaction.

Rothe, Joerg; Plaschke, Markus; Denecke, Melissa A. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut fuer Nukleare Entsorgung, P.O. Box 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

93

SciTech Connect: Solar Energy Education. Reader, Part IV. Sun...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technical Report: Solar Energy Education. Reader, Part IV. Sun schooling Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Solar Energy Education. Reader, Part IV. Sun schooling A...

94

Quantitative Characterization of Filament Dynamics by Single-Molecule Lifetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 29 Quantitative Characterization of Filament Dynamics by Single-Molecule Lifetime. Single-Molecule Lifetime Measurements A. Extract and Sample Preparation B. Microscopy C. Data Analysis Dynamics C. Connecting to Other Types of Measurements IV. Results and Conclusion References Abstract Single-molecule

Needleman, Daniel

95

Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds Future Collaboration Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds Future Collaboration December 31, 2013 - 12:14pm Addthis GIF Policy Group Meeting in Brussels, Belgium, November 2013 GIF Policy Group Meeting in Brussels, Belgium, November 2013 Deputy Assistant Secretary Kelly Deputy Assistant Secretary Kelly Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Reactor Technologies The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) held its 36th Policy Group (PG) meeting on November 21-22 in Brussels, Belgium. The PG reviewed progress on a number of on-going actions and received progress reports from the GIF Experts Group (EG) and the GIF Senior Industry Advisory Panel (SIAP).

96

Observations on A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Observations on A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Observations on A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems: Technical Roadmap Report Observations on A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems: Technical Roadmap Report The development of advanced nuclear energy systems in the U.S. will depend greatly on the continued success of currently operating light water nuclear power plants and the ordering of new installations in the short term. DOE needs to give those immediate objectives the highest priority and any additional support they require to assure their success. DOE is pursuing two initiatives to encourage a greater use of nuclear energy systems. The initiatives have been reviewed by NERAC Subcommittee on Generation IV Technology Planning (GRNS) and they are: * A Near Term Development (NTD) Roadmap which is in the process of being

97

Synthesis, Characterization, and Cytotoxicity of Platinum(IV) Carbamate Complexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The synthesis, characterization, and cytotoxicity of eight new platinum(IV) complexes having the general formula cis,cis,trans-[Pt(NH[subscript 3)[subscript 2]Cl[subscript 2](O[subscript 2]CNHR)[subscript 2

Wilson, Justin Jeff

98

DSM-IV and International Communication in Psychiatric Diagnosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) will be published in 1994 at...International Classification of Diseases..., 10th revision (ICD-10). This timing was chosen to facili...

Allen Frances; Harold Pincus; Thomas Widiger; Michael First…

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

COMPARING PERSONALITY DISORDER MODELS: FFM AND DSM-IV-TR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) defines personality disorders as categorical entities that are… (more)

Samuel, Douglas B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Significant Roles Paid by Mit Solar House IV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiences at the solar energy project of Massachusetts Institute of Technology with MIT Solar House IV during the two years period ... by this project for the later period of solar energy research are described...

Ken-ichi Kimura

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Victory Gardens I and IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Victory Gardens I and IV Victory Gardens I and IV Jump to: navigation, search Name Victory Gardens I and IV Facility Victory Gardens I and IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer Zond Systems Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi CA Coordinates 35.07665°, -118.25529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.07665,"lon":-118.25529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

102

Pneumatic conveying of coal and coal-limestone mixtures as applied to atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion. [Effects of moisture, velocity, particle size  

SciTech Connect

Pneumatic conveying experiments with coal and coal-limestone mixtures were performed on a conveying system designed to represent the feed lines in the Tennessee Valley Authority 20 MW atmospheric fluidized bed combustor. The experimental conditions were chosen to cover the anticipated combustor operating ranges. The results have led to a fundamental understanding of the operating limits associated with coal surface moisture, air velocity, coal and limestone fines, solids to air ratio, and limestone to coal ratio. Coal surface moisture was found to be the most important parameter affecting handling and transport. Specific upper limits for surface moisture were established. It was demonstrated that addition of dry limestone can reduce the conveying problems associated with wet coal. The air velocities causing saltation and surge flow were determined for a variety of conveying conditions. These velocities were related qualitatively to solids to air ratio, particle size, and surface moisture. Conveying pressure drop was also measured for a variety of conditions. In the absence of saltation, the horizontal, frictional pressure drop was only a function of the solids to air ratio and the air flow conditions. Comparison of the ORNL pressure drop data with the results of other investigators had led to the conclusion that there are two basic modes of flow in dilute-phase conveying; a primarily viscous mode and a primarily inertial mode. A general pressure drop model has been developed for the inertial mode.

Daw, C S; Thomas, J F

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Foote Creek Rim IV Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV Wind Farm IV Wind Farm Facility Foote Creek Rim IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Caithness Developer SeaWest Energy Purchaser Bonneville Power Admin Location Carbon County WY Coordinates 41.626456°, -106.202095° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.626456,"lon":-106.202095,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

104

Microsoft Word - Wilton IV DEIS_ 03 12 13.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Draft Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0469 March 2013 COVER SHEET Lead Federal Agency: U.S. Department of Energy, Western Area Power Administration Title: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Wilton IV Wind Energy Center For additional information on this Draft Environmental Impact Statement contact: Mr. Matt Marsh Upper Great Plains Regional Office Western Area Power Administration P.O. Box 35800, Billings, MT 59107-5800 MMarsh@wapa.gov, (800) 358-3415 For general information on the U.S. Department of Energy's National Environmental Policy Act process please contact: Ms. Carol M. Borgstrom, Director Office of NEPA Policy and Compliance (GC-54) U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 (202) 586-4600

105

Gen IV public comments-G Vine.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation IV Goals and Roadmap Generation IV Goals and Roadmap Public meeting, Thursday, Nov. 16, 2000 JW Marriott, Washington DC Gary Vine, EPRI I'd like to cite two regulatory landmarks established during the U.S. DOE/Industry ALWR Program, 1983-98, the intent of which should be incorporated into the goal setting for all future reactors. These are followed by four specific comments on the Generation IV goals. A. ALWR goals are Industry goals, and must be kept distinct from regulatory requirements. The ALWR Program was very careful to maintain and preserve clear separation between regulatory requirements and industry goals, as expressed in the EPRI ALWR Utility Requirements Document. The industry needed to decide how to comply with regulations in the most cost-effective way, and needed to strategically design-in the extra margins needed for investment protection, operational

106

Automatic generation and analysis of solar cell IV curves  

SciTech Connect

A photovoltaic system includes multiple strings of solar panels and a device presenting a DC load to the strings of solar panels. Output currents of the strings of solar panels may be sensed and provided to a computer that generates current-voltage (IV) curves of the strings of solar panels. Output voltages of the string of solar panels may be sensed at the string or at the device presenting the DC load. The DC load may be varied. Output currents of the strings of solar panels responsive to the variation of the DC load are sensed to generate IV curves of the strings of solar panels. IV curves may be compared and analyzed to evaluate performance of and detect problems with a string of solar panels.

Kraft, Steven M.; Jones, Jason C.

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

107

Tethys and Annex IV Progress Report for FY 2012  

SciTech Connect

The marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) environmental Impacts Knowledge Management System, dubbed “Tethys” after the mythical Greek titaness of the seas, is being developed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to support the U.S. Department of Energy’s Wind and Water Power Program (WWPP). Functioning as a smart database, Tethys enables its users to identify key words or terms to help gather, organize and make available information and data pertaining to the environmental effects of MHK and offshore wind (OSW) energy development. By providing and categorizing relevant publications within a simple and searchable database, Tethys acts as a dissemination channel for information and data which can be utilized by regulators, project developers and researchers to minimize the environmental risks associated with offshore renewable energy developments and attempt to streamline the permitting process. Tethys also houses a separate content-related Annex IV data base with identical functionality to the Tethys knowledge base. Annex IV is a collaborative project among member nations of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Ocean Energy Systems – Implementing Agreement (OES-IA) that examines the environmental effects of ocean energy devices and projects. The U.S. Department of Energy leads the Annex IV working with federal partners such as the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), and the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). While the Annex IV database contains technical reports and journal articles, it is primarily focused on the collection of project site and research study metadata forms (completed by MHK researchers and developers around the world, and collected by PNNL) which provide information on environmental studies and the current progress of the various international MHK developments in the Annex IV member nations. The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the content, accessibility and functionality enhancements made to the Annex IV and Tethys knowledge bases in FY12.

Hanna, Luke A.; Butner, R. Scott; Whiting, Jonathan M.; Copping, Andrea E.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The Spectrum of Fluorine, F II, F III, F IV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spectrum of fluorine extending from 125A to 620A has been obtained by using a two-meter grazing-incidence spectrograph. A large number of these lines, including nearly all of the stronger ones, have been classified as transitions in the F II, F III and F IV ions. This has made possible the classification of additional lines measured by Dingle in the longer wave-length regions. These analyses yield the following ionization potentials: F II 34.81 volts, F III 62.35 volts, F IV 87.34 volts.

I. S. Bowen

1934-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

109

A nuclear magnetic resonance probe of group IV clathrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE PROBE OF GROUP IV CLATHRATES A Dissertation by WEIPING GOU Submitted to the O–ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2008... Major Subject: Physics A NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE PROBE OF GROUP IV CLATHRATES A Dissertation by WEIPING GOU Submitted to the O–ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR...

Gou, Weiping

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

110

Plutonium Oxidation and Subsequent Reduction by Mn (IV) Minerals  

SciTech Connect

Plutonium sorbed to rock tuff was preferentially associated with manganese oxides. On tuff and synthetic pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}), Pu(IV) or Pu(V) was initially oxidized, but over time Pu(IV) became the predominant oxidation state of sorbed Pu. Reduction of Pu(V/VI), even on non-oxidizing surfaces, is proposed to result from a lower Gibbs free energy of the hydrolyzed Pu(IV) surface species versus that of the Pu(V) or Pu(VI) surface species. This work suggests that despite initial oxidation of sorbed Pu by oxidizing surfaces to more soluble forms, the less mobile form of Pu, Pu(IV), will dominate Pu solid phase speciation during long term geologic storage. The safe design of a radioactive waste or spent nuclear fuel geologic repository requires a risk assessment of radionuclides that may potentially be released into the surrounding environment. Geochemical knowledge of the radionuclide and the surrounding environment is required for predicting subsurface fate and transport. Although difficult even in simple systems, this task grows increasingly complicated for constituents, like Pu, that exhibit complex environmental chemistries. The environmental behavior of Pu can be influenced by complexation, precipitation, adsorption, colloid formation, and oxidation/reduction (redox) reactions (1-3). To predict the environmental mobility of Pu, the most important of these factors is Pu oxidation state. This is because Pu(IV) is generally 2 to 3 orders of magnitude less mobile than Pu(V) in most environments (4). Further complicating matters, Pu commonly exists simultaneously in several oxidation states (5, 6). Choppin (7) reported Pu may exist as Pu(IV), Pu(V), or Pu(VI) oxic natural groundwaters. It is generally accepted that plutonium associated with suspended particulate matter is predominantly Pu(IV) (8-10), whereas Pu in the aqueous phase is predominantly Pu(V) (2, 11-13). The influence of the character of Mn-containing minerals expected to be found in subsurface repository environments on Pu oxidation state distributions has been the subject of much recent research. Kenney-Kennicutt and Morse (14), Duff et al. (15), and Morgenstern and Choppin (16) observed oxidation of Pu facilitated by Mn(IV)-bearing minerals. Conversely, Shaughnessy et al. (17) used X-ray Absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) to show reduction of Pu(VI) by hausmannite (Mn{sup II}Mn{sub 2}{sup III}O{sub 4}) and manganite ({gamma}-Mn{sup III}OOH) and Kersting et al., (18) observed reduction of Pu(VI) by pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}). In this paper, we attempt to reconcile the apparently conflicting datasets by showing that Mn-bearing minerals can indeed oxidize Pu, however, if the oxidized species remains on the solid phase, the oxidation step competes with the formation of Pu(IV) that becomes the predominant solid phase Pu species with time. The experimental approach we took was to conduct longer term (approximately two years later) oxidation state analyses on the Pu sorbed to Yucca Mountain tuff (initial analysis reported by Duff et al., (15)) and measure the time-dependant changes in the oxidation state distribution of Pu in the presence of the Mn mineral pyrolusite.

KAPLAN, DANIEL

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

111

Inadale (Roscoe IV) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inadale (Roscoe IV) Wind Farm Inadale (Roscoe IV) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Inadale (Roscoe IV) Wind Farm Facility Inadale (Roscoe IV) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner E.On Climate & Renewables Developer E.On Climate & Renewables Location Scurry and Nolan Counties TX Coordinates 32.346675°, -100.379717° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.346675,"lon":-100.379717,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

112

Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II Jump to: navigation, search Name Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II Facility Victory Gardens- Phase IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer Zond Systems Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi CA Coordinates 35.07665°, -118.25529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.07665,"lon":-118.25529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

113

13 - Generation IV reactor designs, operation and fuel cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter looks at Generation IV nuclear reactors, such as the very high-temperature reactor (VHTR), the supercritical water reactor (SCWR), the molten salt reactor (MSR), the sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR), the lead-cooled fast reactor (LFR) and the gas-cooled fast reactor (GFR). Reactor designs and fuel cycles are also described.

N. Cerullo; G. Lomonaco

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

GEODESIC FRCHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEODESIC FR�CHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV Carola Wenk Abstract We present the first algorithm to compute the geodesic Fréchet distance between two polygonal curves in a plane of from a point source). This shortest path map supports geodesic distance queries from any point s ab

Texas at San Antonio, University of

115

IV.1. UNITARY GROUPS AND BASE CHANGE Michael Harris  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IV.1. UNITARY GROUPS AND BASE CHANGE Michael Harris 1. Classification of unitary groups over number-split and we set (G) = 1. Typeset by AMS-TEX 1 #12;2 MICHAEL HARRIS Returning to the real case, we set (U(p, q

Harris, Michael - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

116

I.V. Stasyuk, O.V. Velychko CONFIGURATIONAL MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complex formation reactions of metal ions and ligand groups are of great importance due to pollution of environment by heavy metal (including actinides) species. In general this type of reaction can be described' & $ % I.V. Stasyuk, O.V. Velychko CONFIGURATIONAL MODEL OF METAL ION COMPLEX FORMATION IN WATER

117

Economic Impact Report BInghamton UnIvERsIty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impact Report 2007 #12;BInghamton UnIvERsIty 8:1 return on investment The term "return will be returned to the state economy and $6 to the local economy -- delivering an economic impact of $8.65 billion as an engine of economic growth that improves the financial health of our region and state. EconomIc Impact

Suzuki, Masatsugu

118

Parameter extraction from I-V characteristics of PV devices  

SciTech Connect

Device parameters such as series and shunt resistances, saturation current and diode ideality factor influence the behaviour of the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of solar cells and photovoltaic modules. It is necessary to determine these parameters since performance parameters are derived from the I-V curve and information provided by the device parameters are useful in analyzing performance losses. This contribution presents device parameters of CuIn(Se,S){sub 2}- and Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S){sub 2}-based solar cells, as well as, CuInSe{sub 2}, mono- and multicrystalline silicon modules determined using a parameter extraction routine that employs Particle Swarm Optimization. The device parameters of the CuIn(Se,S){sub 2}- and Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S){sub 2}-based solar cells show that the contribution of recombination mechanisms exhibited by high saturation current when coupled with the effects of parasitic resistances result in lower maximum power and conversion efficiency. Device parameters of photovoltaic modules extracted from I-V characteristics obtained at higher temperature show increased saturation current. The extracted values also reflect the adverse effect of temperature on parasitic resistances. The parameters extracted from I-V curves offer an understanding of the different mechanisms involved in the operation of the devices. The parameter extraction routine utilized in this study is a useful tool in determining the device parameters which reveal the mechanisms affecting device performance. (author)

Macabebe, Erees Queen B. [Department of Electronics, Computer and Communications Engineering, Ateneo de Manila University, Loyola Heights, Quezon City 1108 (Philippines); Department of Physics and Centre for Energy Research, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, PO Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031 (South Africa); Sheppard, Charles J. [Department of Physics, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park 2006 (South Africa); Dyk, E. Ernest van [Department of Physics and Centre for Energy Research, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, PO Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031 (South Africa)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

IV. On the Classification of Prequency-ratios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the Author of a paper On the Distribution of the Proper Fractions, by D. M. T. Sommerville, D.Sc, Proc. Roy. Soe. Edia. Vol. xxxvi. (1906), pp. 116-129. Miscellanea 179 IV. On the Classification of Prequency-ratiosf. BY D. M. Y......

D. M. Y. SOMMERVILLE

1906-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

A VACANCY MODEL IN SOLID HELIUM IV B. CASTAING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

536 A VACANCY MODEL IN SOLID HELIUM IV B. CASTAING Groupe de Physique des Solides de l here a new approach to the problem of vacancies in solid Helium 4, describing them as small liquid droplets. In this model the vacancy effective mass is very small : 0.1 mHe, where mHe is the atomic mass

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm I | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm I Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm I Jump to: navigation, search Name Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm I Facility Victory Gardens- Phase IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer Zond Systems Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi CA Coordinates 35.07665°, -118.25529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.07665,"lon":-118.25529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

122

class ID Last Name First name Dr. Advisor_Family Name 1 Med. IV 200600652 Abi Aad Yasmin Dr. Azar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mostafa Dr. Nihmah-Majdalani 43 Med. IV 200600637 Hseiki Rasha Dr. Noureddine 44 Med. IV 200600642 Ismail. Wakim 70 Med. IV 200600877 Shawwa Khalid Dr. Younis 71 Med. IV 200600332 Shibbani Kamel Dr. Zeinelddineclass ID Last Name First name Dr. Advisor_Family Name 1 Med. IV 200600652 Abi Aad Yasmin Dr. Azar 2

Shihadeh, Alan

123

Development of Modeling Techniques for A Generation IV Gas Fast Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Worldwide, multiple countries are investing a great deal of time and energy towards developing a new class of technologically advanced nuclear reactors. These new reactors have come to be known as the Generation IV (Gen IV) class of nuclear...

Dercher, Andrew Steven

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

124

E-Print Network 3.0 - azapodandov iv indutsirovannyj Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LAP: Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry SUBJECT: Category IV (mixed betas and photons... ) - ANSI N13.32-2008 Category IV of ANSI N13.32-2008, Performance Testing of Extremity...

125

Annex IV Environmental Webinar: Effects of Energy Removal on Physical Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Please mark your calendars for the next Annex IV Environmental webinar titled: Effects of Energy Removal on Physical Systems. Held under the auspices of the Annex IV initiative to the IEA Ocean...

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution iv Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iv Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution iv Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pacific Institute 654 13th Street, Oakland, CA...

127

Generation-IV Roadmap Report of the Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation-IV Roadmap Report of the Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group Generation-IV Roadmap Report of the Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group Generation-IV Roadmap Report of the Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group The Charter of the Generation IV Roadmap Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group (FCCG) is to (1) examine the fuel cycle implications for alternative nuclear power scenarios in terms of Generation IV goals and (2) identify key fuel cycle issues associated with Generation IV goals. This included examination of "fuel resource inputs and waste outputs for the range of potential Generation IV fuel cycles, consistent with projected energy demand scenarios." This report summarizes the results of the studies. The membership of the FCCG comprised 8 US members and 7 members from Generation IV International Forum (GIF) countries including members from

128

Expanding the Autism Ontology to DSM-IV Criteria Omri Mugzach1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Expanding the Autism Ontology to DSM-IV Criteria Omri Mugzach1 , BA; Mor Peleg1 , PhD; Steven C Ontology with DSM-IV vocabulary definitions, risk factors, phenotypic manifestations and their prevalence and the DSM-IV criteria. Background: The mechanism of autism is unknown, and it is critical to organize

Peleg, Mor

129

EKF BASED ESTIMATOR FOR FDI IN THE MODEL IV FCCU Yuanjie Huang, Sourabh Dash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EKF BASED ESTIMATOR FOR FDI IN THE MODEL IV FCCU Yuanjie Huang, Sourabh Dash G. V. Reklaitis study, a EKF based estimator for the Model IV FCCU is investigated. This model is multivariable variables. Performance of the estimator's application to the AmocoModel IV FCCU case study in terms of early

Venkatasubramanian, Venkat

130

Medicine Bow Wind Farm IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Medicine Bow Wind Farm IV Medicine Bow Wind Farm IV Facility Medicine Bow Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Platte River Power Authority Developer Northern Alternative Energy Energy Purchaser Platte River Power Authority Location Medicine Bow WY Coordinates 41.927554°, -106.371968° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.927554,"lon":-106.371968,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

131

McNeilus Wind Farm IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV IV Facility McNeilus Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner G. McNeilus Developer G. McNeilus Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Mower County MN Coordinates 43.673251°, -92.665436° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.673251,"lon":-92.665436,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

132

Ridgetop Energy Wind Farm IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV IV Facility Ridgetop Energy Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Caithness Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi CA Coordinates 35.1317°, -118.451° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.1317,"lon":-118.451,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

133

SEGS IV Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Power Plant Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name SEGS IV Solar Power Plant Facility SEGS IV Sector Solar Facility Type Concentrating Solar Power Developer Luz Location Kramer Junction, California Coordinates 34.9925°, -117.540833° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.9925,"lon":-117.540833,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

134

Safety evaluation of RTG launches aboard Titan IV launch vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The analytical tool used to evaluate accidents aboard a Titan IV launch vehicle involving a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) is discussed. The Launch Accident Scenario Evaluation Program-Titan IV version (LASEP-T) uses a Monte Carlo approach to determine the response of an RTG to various threatening environments. The threatening environments arise from a complex interplay of probabilistic and deterministic processes, and are therefore parameterized by a set of random variables with probability distributions. The assessment of the RTG response to a given environment is based on both empirical data and theoretical modeling. Imbedding detailed, complex response models into the LASEP-T calculation was not practical. Simpler response models have been constructed to capture both the inherent variability due to the phenomenology of the accident scenario along with the uncertainty of predicting response behavior. The treatment of variability and uncertainty as it pertains to the launch accident evaluation of RTG response will be discussed.

Rosko, Robert J.; Loughin, Stephen [Lockheed Martin Missiles and Space P.O. Box 8555 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19101 (United States)

1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

135

IV Festival Controamericano de Teatro: El Salvador 96  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FALL 1997 151 IV Festival Centroamericano de Teatro: El Salvador 96 Beatriz J. Rizk En la ciudad de San Salvador, la llamada apropiadamente Valle de las Hamacas por sus temblores de tierra que parecen formar parte de las actividades cotidianas... Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador y Guatemala, además de contar con la participación de Cuba, Argentina, Estados Unidos y México. Para la ocasión se utilizaron tres espacios de manera simultánea: la Gran Sala y la Pequeña Sala del fastuoso Teatro...

Rizk, Beatriz J.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Teaching solar cell I-V characteristics using SPICE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The basic equivalent circuit of a p-n junctionsolar cell is most commonly represented as consisting of a current source in parallel with two diodes and two parasitic resistances. The output of a solar cell is measured by obtaining the current-voltage (I–V) characteristics for different illumination intensities and various parameters are extracted from these characteristics. Because the nature of the information derived from these characteristics is not obvious to the beginning students in photovoltaics a simulation using SPICE was utilized to explain three solar cellI–V characteristics—dark I–V illuminated I–V and open circuit voltage versus the short circuit current (illumination intensity). Students can construct a solar cell and study the effect of the diode and parasitic parameters on the three output I–Vcharacteristics. Series and parallel combinations of solar cells for arrays and modules using bypass diodes are demonstrated using SPICE as educational tools for understanding the role of bypass diodes.

Archana Devasia; Santosh K. Kurinec

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

CAP3: Urban Sustainability in the Dynamic Environment of Central Arizona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CAP3: Urban Sustainability in the Dynamic Environment of Central Arizona 2011 Annual Report, Land Cover, and Land Architecture IV. Literature Cited V. Research Training and Development. Publications 2010-2011 Appendices #12;3 CAP3: URBAN SUSTAINABILITY IN THE DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENT OF CENTRAL

Hall, Sharon J.

138

Approximate Dynamic Programming for High Dimensional Resource Allocation Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the dimensionality of these variables is in the ten thousand to one million range. We describe an approximation in Section II by presenting a simple but general model for the management of discrete resources. Section III describes an algorithmic strategy using the principles of approximate dynamic programming. Section IV

Powell, Warren B.

139

The Cerro Prieto IV (Mexico) geothermal reservoir: Pre-exploitation thermodynamic conditions and main processes related to exploitation (2000–2005)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Cerro Prieto IV (CP IV) reservoir, located in the northeastern part of the Cerro Prieto (Mexico) geothermal field, was studied in order to define its pre-exploitation conditions and initial (2000–2005) response to exploitation. Bottomhole thermodynamic conditions were estimated by modeling heat and fluid flows using the WELLSIM program and well production data. Produced fluid chemical and isotopic data were also analyzed to investigate characteristic patterns of behavior over time, which were then compared against simulation results to obtain a conceptual model of the CP IV reservoir. According to the proposed model, two zones in the reservoir – separated by Fault H and producing fluids of different characteristics – were identified under pre-exploitation conditions. Wells in the area to the east-southeast (south block) produce very high-enthalpy fluids (?2000 kJ/kg), with very low chloride (?7000 mg/kg) and high CO2 (>6‰ molar) and ?D (wells toward the west-northwest (north block) show moderate-enthalpy fluids (1400–1800 kJ/kg), with high chloride (?12,000 mg/kg) and relatively low CO2 (<6‰ molar) and ?D (dynamics of the CP IV reservoir is controlled by the Fault H system.

Víctor Manuel Arellano; Rosa María Barragán; Alfonso Aragón; Marco Helio Rodríguez; Alfredo Pérez

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

C-terminal region of DNA ligase IV drives XRCC4/DNA ligase IV complex to chromatin  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: •Chromatin binding of XRCC4 is dependent on the presence of DNA ligase IV. •C-terminal region of DNA ligase IV alone can recruit itself and XRCC4 to chromatin. •Two BRCT domains of DNA ligase IV are essential for the chromatin binding of XRCC4. -- Abstract: DNA ligase IV (LIG4) and XRCC4 form a complex to ligate two DNA ends at the final step of DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair through non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). It is not fully understood how these proteins are recruited to DSBs. We recently demonstrated radiation-induced chromatin binding of XRCC4 by biochemical fractionation using detergent Nonidet P-40. In the present study, we examined the role of LIG4 in the recruitment of XRCC4/LIG4 complex to chromatin. The chromatin binding of XRCC4 was dependent on the presence of LIG4. The mutations in two BRCT domains (W725R and W893R, respectively) of LIG4 reduced the chromatin binding of LIG4 and XRCC4. The C-terminal fragment of LIG4 (LIG4-CT) without N-terminal catalytic domains could bind to chromatin with XRCC4. LIG4-CT with W725R or W893R mutation could bind to chromatin but could not support the chromatin binding of XRCC4. The ability of C-terminal region of LIG4 to interact with chromatin might provide us with an insight into the mechanisms of DSB repair through NHEJ.

Liu, Sicheng; Liu, Xunyue; Kamdar, Radhika Pankaj; Wanotayan, Rujira; Sharma, Mukesh Kumar [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors and Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan)] [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors and Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); Adachi, Noritaka [Graduate School of Nanobioscience, Yokohama City University, Yokohama 236-0027 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Nanobioscience, Yokohama City University, Yokohama 236-0027 (Japan); Matsumoto, Yoshihisa, E-mail: yoshim@nr.titech.ac.jp [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors and Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan)] [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors and Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Determination of the solubility of Np(IV), Pu(III) - (VI),Am(III) - (VI), and Te(IV), (V) hydroxo compounds in 0.5 - 14 M NaOH solutions  

SciTech Connect

The solubilities of Am(III), Np(IV), Pu(IV), Tc(IV), Np(V), Pu(V), Am(V), and Tc(V) hydroxo compounds were studied in 0.5 to 14 M NaOH solutions at 25{+-}2 {degrees}C. The effects of fluoride, phosphate, carbonate, oxalate, and some other organic complexing agents on the solubilities of Np(IV), Pu(IV), and TC(IV) hydroxides were investigated at 1.0 and 4.0 M NAOH. Some predictions were made on the dissolved (I.V) and (V) species present in alkali solutions.

Delegard, C.H.

1996-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

142

Supporting Technology for Enhanced Oil Recovery-EOR Thermal Processes Report IV-12  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Ninth Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 6 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 62 through 67. The first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eight, and ninth reports on Annex IV, [Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, and IV-8 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, DOE/BC-86/2/SP, DOE/BC-87/2/SP, DOE/BC-89/1/SP, DOE/BC-90/1/SP) DOE/BC-92/1/SP, DOE/BC-93/3/SP, and DOE/BC-95/3/SP] contain the results from the first 61 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1! 987, November 1988, December 1989, October 1991, February 1993, and March 1995 respectively.

Izequeido, Alexandor

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Modeling the Arm II core in MicroCap IV  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on how an electrical model for the core of the Arm II machine was created and how to use this model. We wanted to get a model for the electrical characteristics of the ARM II core, in order to simulate this machine and to assist in the design of a future machine. We wanted this model to be able to simulate saturation, variable loss, and reset. Using the Hodgdon model and the circuit analysis program MicroCap IV, this was accomplished. This paper is written in such a way as to allow someone not familiar with the project to understand it.

Dalton, A.C.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 9, Winter Issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center Beaumont, Texas Winter 2004 Volume IV Number 9 Texas Rice Web Management Tool To Help Monitor Grain Storage continued on page 6 Grain Moth http...://beaumont.tamu.edu/RiceSSWeb From planting, through matu- ration and harvest, farmers must keep a continuous watch to make sure their crop is protected. Yet, getting the crop out of the field and into storage bins doesn’t mean the grain is safe from damage. The big- gest threats...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

F-Area Type IV Tank Liner Life Estimation  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is proceeding with closure of the Type IV waste tanks that are located in F-area. These tanks are underground concrete vaults and have been in service since the early 1960's. The interior of the concrete vault is lined with carbon steel plate. The time necessary for the carbon steel plate to disintegrate was estimated. These calculations assumed that the concrete structure was degraded and therefore the exterior of the liner is exposed to the soil conditions. Two corrosion mechanisms were examined: pitting and general corrosion. Data from soil corrosion studies performed by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) was utilized to estimate the corrosion rate of the carbon steel liner. The following conclusions were made: (1) Cecil Clay Loam in Atlanta, Georgia, a soil tested by the NBS, is representative of the SRS soil conditions near the F-Area Type IV tanks. (2) The time to tank wall disintegration due to general corrosion only was estimated to be 770 years after concrete vault failure. (3) The time to tank wall disintegration due to pitting corrosion was estimated to be 675 years after concrete vault failure. (4) The lower bound estimate for the time to tank wall disintegration is 675 years.

Wiersman, B. J.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Generation IV PR and PP Methods and Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an evaluation methodology for proliferation resistance and physical protection (PR&PP) of Generation IV nuclear energy systems (NESs). For a proposed NES design, the methodology defines a set of challenges, analyzes system response to these challenges, and assesses outcomes. The challenges to the NES are the threats posed by potential actors (proliferant States or sub-national adversaries). The characteristics of Generation IV systems, both technical and institutional, are used to evaluate the response of the system and determine its resistance against proliferation threats and robustness against sabotage and terrorism threats. The outcomes of the system response are expressed in terms of six measures for PR and three measures for PP, which are the high-level PR&PP characteristics of the NES. The methodology is organized to allow evaluations to be performed at the earliest stages of system design and to become more detailed and more representative as design progresses. Uncertainty of results are recognized and incorporated into the evaluation at all stages. The results are intended for three types of users: system designers, program policy makers, and external stakeholders. Particular current relevant activities will be discussed in this regard. The methodology has been illustrated in a series of demonstration and case studies and these will be summarized in the paper.

Bari,R.A.

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

147

EIS-0402: Santa Susana Field Laboratory Area IV, California | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Santa Susana Field Laboratory Area IV, California 2: Santa Susana Field Laboratory Area IV, California EIS-0402: Santa Susana Field Laboratory Area IV, California Summary This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of remediation of Area IV of the Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL Area IV). SSFL Area IV, occupying approximately 290 acres of the total 2,852-acre SSFL site is located in the hills between Chatsworth and Simi Valley, CA, and was developed as a remote site to test rocket engines and conduct nuclear research. This EIS will evaluate alternatives for disposition of radiological facilities and support buildings, remediation of the affected environment, and disposal of all resulting waste at existing, approved sites. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual iv zoledronic Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Corporation Prostate Cancer Summary: to treatment with zoledronic acid (4 mg) IV infusion or placebo every 3 months. BMD of the lumbar spine, left... randomly assigned to...

149

EXHIBIT IV DOE/EV-0003/29 ORNL-5734  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

v EXHIBIT IV - DOE/EV-0003/29 ORNL-5734 Radiological Survey of the Former Kellex Research Facility, Jersey City, New Jersey 6. A. Berven H. W. Dickson W. A. Goldsmith W. M. Johnson W. D. Cottrell R. W. Doane F. F. Haywood M. T. Ryan W. H. Shinpaugh DOE/EV-0005/29 ORNL-5734 Dist. Category UC-70 Contract No. W-7405-eng-26 Health and Safety Research Division RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE FORMER KELLEX RESEARCH FACILITY, JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY B. A. Berven W. D. Cottrell H. W. Dickson R. W. Doane W. A. Goldsmith F. F. Haywood W. M. Johnson M. T. Ryan W. H. Shinpaugh Worked performed as part of the Remedial Action Survey and Certification Activities Date Published: February 1982 , OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY operated by UNION'CARBIDE CORPORATION for the

150

IvPE-cEAEs?nILE!! P  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Cw-rent: _______ rT--- Cw-rent: _______ rT--- Owner contacted 0 yes J7' j-r~~; if ye.. date contacted ___ IvPE-cEAEs?nILE!! P Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies 0 Sample & Analysis 0 Production 0 Disposal/Storage 0 Prime ,!Z! Subcontract& JZl Purchase Order q Facility Type q Manufacturing q University 0 Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other --------------------- [7 Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, etc)------- OWNERSHIP: AEC/tlED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR OWNE_D LEfEEE !a!N_E_D !E!_sED OWNED ---------- ---LEASED LANDS BUILDINGS !I : 0 # % :: EQUIPMENT ; 0 0 1 ORE OR RAW MATL 0 0 FINAL PRODUCT 0 WASTE & RESIDUE q

151

Generation IV International Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Sodium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors Generation IV International Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors February 17, 2006 - 11:58am Addthis FUKUI , JAPAN - The Department of Energy today announced that the United States signed a sodium-cooled fast reactor systems arrangement with France and Japan, providing the framework for collaboration among these countries on the research and development of these advanced nuclear reactors. The signing of the agreement took place on February 16, 2006. This arrangement will support the development of technologies associated with the U.S.-led Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP), announced earlier this month by Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman. GNEP is a

152

8 - Mobile Robot Control IV: Fuzzy and Neural Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fuzzy logic systems (or, simply, fuzzy systems, FSs) and neural networks are universal approximators, that is, they can approximate any nonlinear function (mapping) with any desired accuracy, and have found wide application in the identification, planning, and model-free control of complex nonlinear systems, such as robotic systems and industrial processes. Fuzzy logic offers a linguistic (approximate) way of drawing conclusions from uncertain data, and neural networks offer the capability of learning and training with or without a teacher (supervisor). The objectives of this chapter are the following: (i) to provide a brief introduction to neural networks and fuzzy systems, (ii) to derive and discuss the general structure of fuzzy and neural robot controllers, (iii) to provide the details of mobile (nonholonomic) fuzzy tracker controller design, (iv) to fuzzy the model-based sliding mode controller and apply it to mobile robots, and (v) to solve the mobile adaptive tracking controller design problem using multilayer perceptrons and radial basis function neural networks.

Spyros G. Tzafestas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

SCR as an IV&V Tool Steve Easterbrook and John Callahan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCR as an IV&V Tool Steve Easterbrook and John Callahan fsteve,callahang@cerc.wvu.edu NASA West of SCR-style speci cation as a tool for Independent Veri cation and Validation IV&V. Our intention processes. However, there are a number of problems that need to be solved before SCR-style methods can

Easterbrook, Steve

154

COMPUTATIONS OF NUCLEAR RESPONSE FUNCTIONS WITH MACK-IV M. A. Abdou and Y. Gohar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on The Technology of Controlled Nuclear Fusion May 9-11f 1978 Santa Fer NM UofGAUAUSQOE ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY OF NUCLEAR RESPONSE FUNCTIONS WITH MACK-IV M. A. Abdou and Y. Gohar APPLIED PHYSICS DIVISION, ARGONNECOMPUTATIONS OF NUCLEAR RESPONSE FUNCTIONS WITH MACK-IV M. A. Abdou and Y. Gohar Ttm ttpait * i

Abdou, Mohamed

155

Houston, We Have a Success Story: Technology Transfer at the NASA IV&V Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Houston, We Have a Success Story: Technology Transfer at the NASA IV&V Facility Ken McGill, Wes of and technology transfer from NASA's research program in Independent Verification and Validation (IV, Verification. Keywords Technology transfer, Independent Verification and Validation, Research. 1. INTRODUCTION

Dekhtyar, Alexander

156

Plutonium(IV) precipitates formed in alkaline media in the presence of various anions  

SciTech Connect

The tendency of Pu(IV) to hydrolyze and form true solutions, colloid solutions, or insoluble precipitates has been known since the Manhattan Project. Since then, specific studies have been performed to examine in detail the equilibria of Pu(IV) hydrolytic reactions in various media. Great attention also has been paid to the preparation, structure, and properties of Pu(IV) polymers or colloids. These compounds found an important application in sol-gel technology for the preparation of nuclear fuel materials. A most important result of these works was the conclusion that Pu(IV) hydroxide, after some aging, consists of very small PuO{sub 2} crystallites and should therefore be considered to be Pu(IV) hydrous oxide. However, studies of the properties and behavior of solid Pu(IV) hydroxide in complex heterogeneous systems are rare. The primary goal of this investigation was to obtain data on the composition and properties of Pu(IV) hydrous oxide or other compounds formed in alkaline media under different conditions. Such information is important to understand Pu(IV) behavior and the forms of its existence in the Hanford Site alkaline tank waste sludge. This knowledge then may be applied in assessing plutonium criticality hazards in the storage, retrieval, and treatment of Hanford Site tank wastes as well as in understanding its contribution to the transuranic waste inventory (threshold at 100 nCi/g or about 5 {times} 10{sup {minus}6} M) of the separate solution and solid phases.

Krot, N.N.; Shilov, V.P.; Yusov, A.B.; Tananaev, I.G.; Grigoriev, M.S.; Garnov, A.Yu.; Perminov, V.P.; Astafurova, L.N.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV major  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV major depressive episode Evelyn of adults. Results: The average lifetime and 12-month prevalence estimates of DSM-IV MDE were 14.6% and 5 as defined by the Diagnostic and Sta- tistical Manual of Mental Disorders, third edition (DSM-III) from 10

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

158

DOE Hydrogen Program FY 2005 Progress Report IV.F Photoelectrochemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

barriers from the Hydrogen Production section of the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure TechnologiesDOE Hydrogen Program FY 2005 Progress Report 13 IV.F Photoelectrochemical IV.F.1 High-Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Using Solar Thermochemical Splitting of Water - UNLV: Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen

159

Enhanced-oil-recovery thermal processes, annex IV. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil-energy report IV-1  

SciTech Connect

The Agreement between the United States and Venezuela was designed to further energy research and development in six areas. This report focuses on Annex IV - Enhanced-Oil-Recovery Thermal Processes which was divided into seven tasks. This report will discuss the information developed within Task I related to the Department of Energy providing data on the performance of insulated oil-well tubulars. Surface generated steam has been traditionally used in thermal enhanced oil recovery processes. In past years the tubing through which the steam is injected into the reservoir has been bare with relatively high heat losses. In recent years however various materials and designs for insulating the tubing to reduce heat losses have been developed. Evaluation of several of these designs in an instrumented test tower and in an oil field test environment was undertaken. These tests and the resulting data are presented.

Peterson, G.; Schwartz, E.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Biosystem Dynamics & Design | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biosystem Dynamics & Design Overview Atmospheric Aerosol Systems Biosystem Dynamics & Design Energy Materials & Processes Terrestrial & Subsurface Ecosystems Biosystem Dynamics &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Extraction behavior of uranium(VI), plutonium(IV), zirconium(IV), ruthenium(III) and europium(III) with ?-pre-irradiated solutions of N,N?-methylbutyl substituted amides in n-dodecane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The extraction of plutonium(IV), uranium(VI), zirconium(IV), europium(III) and ruthenium(III) with ?-pre-irradiated n-dodecane solutions of methylbutyl substituted hexanamide (MBHA), octanamide (MBOA) and deca...

P. B. Ruikar; M. S. Nagar; M. S. Subramanian…

1995-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Wide-dynamic-range, fast-response CBr4 doping system for molecular beam epitaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to each orifice can be switched on and off independently using a pneumatic valve. The fast response time of these pneumatic valves enables us to change the doping abruptly. This system is suitable for growing sophisticated, such as beryllium and zinc, carbon has a very low diffusion coefficient1 and is less dependent on the composition,2

Coldren, Larry A.

163

Method PAD Districts I II III IV V United States  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Method Method PAD Districts I II III IV V United States Table 9. Refinery Receipts of Crude Oil by Method of Transportation by PAD District, 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Pipeline Domestic 3,989 665,625 988,103 88,072 243,055 1,988,844 Foreign 21,230 569,209 374,991 81,074 55,191 1,101,695 Tanker Domestic 3,537 0 6,795 0 182,822 193,154 Foreign 269,722 0 1,261,640 0 367,865 1,899,227 Barge Domestic 11,303 8,899 130,591 0 408 151,201 Foreign 12,497 596 43,718 0 23,652 80,463 Tank Cars Domestic 5,916 2,070 12,072 0 10,027 30,085 Foreign 3,685 0 235 0 194 4,114 Trucks Domestic 3,715 7,856 73,171 39,163 7,347 131,252 Foreign 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Domestic 28,460 684,450 1,210,732 127,235 443,659 2,494,536 Foreign 307,134 569,805 1,680,584 81,074 446,902 3,085,499

164

Commodity PAD Districts I II III IV V United States  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commodity Commodity PAD Districts I II III IV V United States Table 10a. Fuel Consumed at Refineries by PAD District, 2012 (Thousand Barrels, Except Where Noted) Crude Oil 0 0 0 0 0 0 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 0 464 490 49 518 1,521 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 89 236 1 209 539 Residual Fuel Oil 26 18 11 16 469 540 Still Gas 13,838 50,328 108,359 8,694 38,875 220,094 Marketable Petroleum Coke 0 0 0 528 166 694 Catalyst Petroleum Coke 9,003 17,611 42,614 2,852 12,416 84,496 Natural Gas (million cubic feet) 38,347 143,702 474,359 26,971 159,849 843,228 Coal (thousand short tons) 30 0 0 0 0 30 Purchased Electricity (million kWh) 2,355 11,892 23,255 2,003 5,130 44,635 Purchased Steam (million pounds) 3,849 12,723 88,922 1,439 14,426 121,359 Other Products 40 47 677 67 1,141 1,972

165

Rocky Mountain area petroleum product availability with reduced PADD IV refining capacity  

SciTech Connect

Studies of Rocky Mountain area petroleum product availability with reduced refining capacity in Petroleum Administration for Defense IV (PADD IV, part of the Rocky Mountain area) have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model, a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy constraints on emissions of nitrogen oxides and winter toxic air pollutants. The studies do not predict refinery closures in PADD IV. Rather, the reduced refining capacities provide an analytical framework for probing the flexibility of petroleum refining and distribution for winter demand conditions in the year 2000. Industry analysts have estimated that, for worst case scenarios, 20 to 35 percent of PADD IV refining capacity could be shut-down as a result of clean air and energy tax legislation. Given these industry projections, the study scenarios provide the following conclusions: The Rocky Mountain area petroleum system would have the capability to satisfy winter product demand with PADD IV refinery capacity shut-downs in the middle of the range of industry projections, but not in the high end of the range of projections. PADD IV crude oil production can be maintained by re-routing crude released from PADD IV refinery demands to satisfy increased crude oil demands in PADDs II (Midwest), III (Gulf Coast), and Washington. Clean Air Act product quality regulations generally do not increase the difficulty of satisfying emissions reduction constraints in the scenarios.

Hadder, G.R.; Chin, S.M.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Product: Tetrakis(dimethylamino)titanium(IV) P-6331 Date: February 2005 Copyright 2005, Praxair Technology, Inc. Page 1 of 8  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Product: Tetrakis(dimethylamino)titanium(IV) P-6331 Date: February 2005 Copyright © 2005, Praxair Technology, Inc. Page 1 of 8 All rights reserved. Praxair Material Safety Data Sheet 1. Chemical Product-(dimethylamino)titanium(IV)] (MSDS No. P-6331) Trade Name: Praxair® TDMAT Chemical Name: Tetrakis(dimethylamino)titanium(IV) Synonyms

Rubloff, Gary W.

167

Microsoft Word - Outside_CoverFinalEIS Volume IV.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IV - Public Comments IV - Public Comments June 2009 Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project Prepared for: Lead Agency: Western Area Power Administration Cooperating Agency: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers DOE/EIS-0377 Final Environmental Impact Statement Volume IV - Public Comments June 2009 Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project Prepared for: Lead Agency: Western Area Power Administration Cooperating Agency: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers VOLUME CONTENTS Volume I Executive Summary Acronyms Table of Contents Chapter 1 - Introduction Chapter 2 - Proposed Project, Proposed Federal Actions, and Alternatives Chapter 3 - Affected Environment Chapter 4 - Environmental Consequences

168

Solvent Extraction Behavior of Plutonium (IV) Ions in the Presence of Simple Hydroxamic Acids  

SciTech Connect

Formo-and aceto-hydroxamic acids are very effective reagents for stripping Pu(IV) ions from a tri-butyl phosphate phase into nitric acid. Distribution data for Pu(IV) in the presence of these hydroxamate ions have been obtained and trends established. The affinity of aceto-hydroxamic acid for Pu(IV) ions and its selectivity over U(VI) ions is demonstrated by the values of the stability constants in HCIO4. These data support the applications of simple hydroxamic acids in advanced Purex-type solvent extraction systems.

Carrott, M. J.; Fox, O. D.; Maher, C. J.; Mason, C.; Taylor, Robin J.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Choppin, Gregory R.

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

Introduction Basic dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Basic dynamics The Gulf Stream The thermohaline circulation Ocean currents: some Ocean currents: some misconceptions and some dynamics #12;Introduction Basic dynamics The Gulf Stream. Geosciences Ocean currents: some misconceptions and some dynamics #12;Introduction Basic dynamics The Gulf

LaCasce, Joseph H.

170

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

171

O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility Facility O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Middlesex County, New Jersey Coordinates 40.4111363°, -74.3587473° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4111363,"lon":-74.3587473,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

172

EIS-0469: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh County,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh 9: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh County, North Dakota EIS-0469: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh County, North Dakota Summary Western Area Power Administration is evaluating the potential environmental impacts of interconnecting NextEra Energy Resources proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, near Bismarck, North Dakota, to Western's existing Wilton/Baldwin substation and allowing NextEra's existing wind projects in this area to operate above 50 annual MW. Western is preparing a Supplemental Draft EIS to address substantial changes to the proposal, including 30 turbine locations and 5 alternate turbine locations in Crofte Township. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download

173

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

174

Controlled Substance Security Plan (Schedules I, II, III, IV and V Controlled Substances)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Controlled Substance Security Plan (Schedules I, II, III, IV and V Controlled Substances) Guidelines for Acquiring & Accounting for Controlled Substances for Scientific Use Lawrence Berkeley National;LAWRENCEBERKELEYr\\IATIOMLI-ABOMTORY CONTROLLEDSUBSTANCEPROTOCOL (SCHEDULEr& il CONTROLLEDSUBSTANCES) Gontrolled

Eisen, Michael

175

Ultrastructure of the Reproductive System of the Black Swamp Snake (Seminatrix pygaea). IV. Occurrence of an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultrastructure of the Reproductive System of the Black Swamp Snake (Seminatrix pygaea). IV gefu¨llt sein." In the next paragraph, van den Broek turns his atten- tion to snakes and reported, "Auf

Sever, David M.

176

Subunit Compositions of the RNA-Silencing Enzymes Pol IV and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subunit Compositions of the RNA-Silencing Enzymes Pol IV and Pol V Reveal Their Origins as Specialized Forms of RNA Polymerase Subunit Compositions of the RNA-Silencing Enzymes Pol...

177

Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE PROGRAMME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE session "Reforming the EU" Chair: Dr Luca Rubini, Deputy Director Institute Rubini Reforming European competition law: should the European Commission have

Birmingham, University of

178

Energy-level and lifetime measurements for Sb iv and Sb v  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study of the beam-foil spectrum produced by a 1-MeV beam of antimony ions has yielded lifetimes for nine lowlying terms of Sb iv and six of Sb v. Decay-curve analysis incorporating...

Pinnington, E H; Ansbacher, W; Kernahan, J A; Gosselin, R N; Bahr, J L; Inamdar, A S

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Mental health clinicians' views on superficial self-mutilation in the DSM-IV-TR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Self-mutilation is a phenomenon that affects a significant percentage of the teenage and adult population. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)… (more)

Michaels, Thomas Roy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Dimensional representations of DSM-IV personality disorders: relationships to functional impairment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??OBJECTIVE: This study compared three-dimensional representations of DSM-IV personality disorders and standard categories with respect to their associations with psychosocial functioning. METHOD: Six hundred sixty-eight… (more)

Skodol, Andrew E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Two-Phase Equilibrium in Binary and Ternary Systems. IV. The Thermodynamic Properties of Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...IV. The Thermodynamic Properties of Propane J. H. Burgoyne Existing physical and thermal data relative to propane have been summarized and correlated...obtained the entropy and enthalpy of propane have been calculated for conditions of...

1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Analysis of the raw data of sample plots in NFIMAP Cycle IV ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Action Plan (PRAP). The report details the results of an analysis of the raw data of primary sample plots (PSPs) collected during Cycle IV of the National Forest Inventory and...

183

Architecture and urbanism in Henri IV's Paris : the Place Royale, Place Dauphine, and Hôpital St. Louis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation concerns the extensive building program which Henri IV undertook in Paris from 1600 to 1610. Focusing on the place Royale (now called the place des Vosges) , the place Dauphine, rue Dauphine, and Pont ...

Ballon, Hilary Meg

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Methylbutylmalonamide as an extractant for U(VI), Pu(IV) and Am(III)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The unsymmetrical diamide methylbuthylmalonamide has been synthesized and used in the extraction of U(VI), Pu(IV) and Am(III) in benzene medium. The distribution ratio for the three cations was found to increa...

G. M. Nair; D. R. Prabhu; G. R. Mahajan

1994-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

185

Dioctyl butyramide and dioctyl isobutyramide as extractants for uranium(VI) and plutonium(IV)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two isomeric monoamides, dioctyl butyramide (DOBA) and dioctyl isobutyramide (DOIBA) were synthesized for extracting uranium(VI) and plutonium(IV) from aqueous nitric acid medium into various diluents such asn-do...

G. M. Nair; G. R. Mahajan; D. R. Prabhu

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A review of "Historiography at the Court of Christian IV." by Karen Skovgaard-Petersen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

284 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Karen Skovgaard-Petersen. Historiography at the Court of Christian IV (1588-1648): Studies in the Latin Histories of Denmark by Johannes Pontanus and Johannes Meursius. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2002.... Review by MARY E. AILES, UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA AT KEARNEY. Throughout his reign (1588-1648), Christian IV of Denmark filled his court with artists and scholars and encouraged a cultural renaissance partially to showcase his kingdom?s wealth, influence...

Mary E. Ailes

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

EXAFS Study of Sn(IV) Immobilization by Hardened Cement Paste and Calcium Silicate Hydrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An alternative structural model for Sn(IV) binding in HCP has been developed, assuming that ettringite is the uptake-controlling phase. ... Although there is no Al in C?S?H, Al is a possible second neighbor in HCP due to the presence of Al-containing phases, e.g., monosulfate, ettringite, and hydrogarnet. ... Preliminary experiments further support that ettringite could be a possible host phase for Sn(IV) (39). ...

Isabelle Bonhoure; Erich Wieland; André M. Scheidegger; Michael Ochs; Dominik Kunz

2003-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

188

C IV LINE-WIDTH ANOMALIES: THE PERILS OF LOW SIGNAL-TO-NOISE SPECTRA  

SciTech Connect

Comparison of six high-redshift quasar spectra obtained with the Large Binocular Telescope with previous observations from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey shows that failure to correctly identify absorption and other problems with accurate characterization of the C IV ?1549 emission line profile in low signal-to-noise (S/N) data can severely limit the reliability of single-epoch mass estimates based on the C IV emission line. We combine the analysis of these new high-quality data with a reanalysis of three other samples based on high-S/N spectra of the C IV emission line region. We find that a large scatter between the H?- and C IV-based masses remains even for this high-S/N sample when using the FWHM to characterize the broad-line region velocity dispersion and the standard virial assumption to calculate the mass. However, we demonstrate that using high-quality data and the line dispersion to characterize the C IV line width leads to a high level of consistency between C IV- and H?-based masses, with <0.3 dex of observed scatter and an estimated ?0.2 dex intrinsic scatter, in the mass residuals.

Denney, K. D.; Vestergaard, M. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø (Denmark); Pogge, R. W.; Kochanek, C. S.; Peterson, B. M. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Assef, R. J., E-mail: kelly@dark-cosmology.dk [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, MS 169-530, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

189

Mapping molecular dynamics computations to hypercubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Is MD? 35 37 HI. C Mathematical Issues In MD 42 HI. D Why Is Protein MD a GC HI E EIIIcient MD Alger)thms 49 52 IV A GRAPH THEORETIC REPRESENTATION OF MD 53 IV A Parallel Link Cells Algorithm 54 IV B Algorithm make cube() IV. C Algorithm... What Is MD? 35 37 HI. C Mathematical Issues In MD 42 HI. D Why Is Protein MD a GC HI E EIIIcient MD Alger)thms 49 52 IV A GRAPH THEORETIC REPRESENTATION OF MD 53 IV A Parallel Link Cells Algorithm 54 IV B Algorithm make cube() IV. C Algorithm...

Lakamsani, Vamsee Krishna

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

190

Symbolic dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter presents some of the links between automata theory and symbolic dynamics. The emphasis is on two particular points. The first one is the interplay between some particular classes of automata, such as local automata and results on embeddings of shifts of finite type. The second one is the connection between syntactic semigroups and the classification of sofic shifts up to conjugacy.

Béal, M -P; Eilers, S; Perrin, D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

On the role of Mn(IV) vacancies in the photoreductive dissolution of hexagonal birnessite  

SciTech Connect

Photoreductive dissolution of layer type Mn(IV) oxides (birnessite) under sunlight illumination to form soluble Mn(II) has been observed in both field and laboratory settings, leading to a consensus that this process is a key driver of the biogeochemical cycling of Mn in the euphotic zones of marine and freshwater ecosystems. However, the underlying mechanisms for the process remain unknown, although they have been linked to the semiconducting characteristics of hexagonal birnessite, the ubiquitous Mn(IV) oxide produced mainly by bacterial oxidation of soluble Mn(II). One of the universal properties of this biogenic mineral is the presence of Mn(IV) vacancies, long-identified as strong adsorption sites for metal cations. In this paper, the possible role of Mn vacancies in photoreductive dissolution is investigated theoretically using quantum mechanical calculations based on spin-polarized density functional theory (DFT). Our DFT study demonstrates unequivocally that Mn vacancies significantly reduce the band-gap energy for hexagonal birnessite relative to a hypothetical vacancy-free MnO{sub 2} and thus would increase the concentration of photo-induced electrons available for Mn(IV) reduction upon illumination of the mineral by sunlight. Calculations of the charge distribution in the presence of vacancies, although not fully conclusive, show a clear separation of photo-induced electrons and holes, implying a slow recombination of these charge-carriers that facilitates the two-electron reduction of Mn(IV) to Mn(II).

Kwon, K.D.; Refson, K.; Sposito, G.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Introduction Dynamic Risk Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Dynamic Risk Measures Dynamic Risk Measures from BMO martingales Bid-Ask Dynamic Pricing Procedure Conclusion MESURES DE RISQUE DYNAMIQUES DYNAMIC RISK MEASURES Jocelyne Bion-Nadal CNRS Risk Measures Dynamic Risk Measures from BMO martingales Bid-Ask Dynamic Pricing Procedure Conclusion

Bion-Nadal, Jocelyne

193

What every designated representative should know about Title IV and Title V enforcement provisions  

SciTech Connect

Title IV of the Clean Air Act not only created a regulatory program unlike any other under the Clean Air Act, but also established a unique position--the designated representative--as an integral part of the program. The designated representative is required to meet certain basic obligations under Title IV, and a panoply of enforcement mechanisms are available to EPA in the event of noncompliance with these obligations. Also, because a designated representative may take on responsibilities under the permit provisions of Title V of the Clean Air Act, the designated representative can also be subject to an enforcement action for failure to comply with certain Title V permit requirements. This paper considers the basic definition of the designated representative under EPA`s Title IV and Title V regulations, identifies the responsibilities assigned to the designated representative, and then analyzes the enforcement mechanisms that may be applied to the designated representative if a regulatory responsibility has not been satisfied.

Bischoff, C.A. [Gallagher and Kennedy, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Dayal, P. [Tucson Electric Power Co., Tucson, AZ (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Enhanced oil recovery for thermal processes. First amendment and extension to Annex IV  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the result of efforts under the several tasks of the First Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal processes. The report is presented in six sections (for each of the six tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each one of the tasks. Each section has been abstracted and processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 8-13. The first report on Annex IV, Venezuela-MEM/USE-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15), contains the results from the first seven tasks. That report is dated April 1983, entitled, EOR Thermal Processes.

Peterson, G.; Schwartz, E.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Construction Cost Reductions through the Use of Virtual Environments - Task 5 Report: Generation IV Reactor Virtual Mockup Proof-of-Principle Study  

SciTech Connect

Task 5 report is part of a 3 year DOE NERI-sponsored effort evaluating immersive virtual reality (CAVE) technology for design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning and training for next generation nuclear power plants. Program covers development of full-scale virtual mockups generated from 3D CAD data presented in a CAVE visualization facility. Created a virtual mockup of PBMR reactor cavity and discussed applications of virtual mockup technology to improve Gen IV design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning.

Timothy Shaw; Anthony Baratta; Vaughn Whisker

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

196

From DSM-IV to DSM-5 alcohol use disorder: An overview of epidemiological data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) has made several changes to criteria for alcohol use disorder (AUD). The objective of this systematic review is to assess if new DSM-5 diagnostic criteria will increase the prevalence rates of AUD in clinical and non-clinical samples as compared with DSM-IV criteria. Methods We searched PubMed, Scopus, and PsycINFO (via ProQuest) electronic databases, with no language restrictions. We included studies with data available on both DSM-IV (and DSM-IV-TR) and DSM-5 AUD in samples of adults, estimating from each study an expected increase in prevalence rates with relevant 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results Twelve studies were included in this review. Seven studies showed an increase, two no substantial difference, and three a decrease in AUD prevalence according to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, with differences in rates (95% CIs) varying between ? 12.4% (? 27.4 to + 5.6%) and + 61.3% (+ 46.7 to + 77.3%). Additional analyses provided confirmatory results. Conclusions DSM-5 diagnostic criteria seem to inflate prevalence rates of AUD as compared with DSM-IV. The increasing likelihood of a DSM-5 AUD diagnosis may be explained by the amount of DSM-IV ‘diagnostic orphans’ which are more prevalent than DSM-IV single-criterion alcohol abuse individuals. Further research should be aimed to study if similar trends are detectable also for other substance use disorders that experienced similar changes in DSM-5 diagnostic criteria.

Francesco Bartoli; Giuseppe Carrà; Cristina Crocamo; Massimo Clerici

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The preparation for and survival of an EPA Title IV and Title V facility audit  

SciTech Connect

As part of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, major facilities are required to obtain federally enforceable operating permits (Title V). In a separate permitting action, the electric utilities with units generating more then 25 megawatts are required to obtain permits for NO{sub x} and SO{sub x}, the emissions which contribute to acid rain (Title IV). The Title IV permit is included as part of the Title V permit. This paper will use an actual audit experience at a coal fired generation facility as a case study for the preparation for and outcome of an EPA Title IV Level 3 audit. The paper will document the procedures for preparation, the audit process, and the outcome. The audit is part of the EPA's process for review of the record keeping and instrument calibration methods outlined in Title IV. Both types of permits have many different record keeping and monitoring requirements as well as separate reporting requirements which are submitted to both federal; state and local regulatory agencies for review and evaluation. Title IV units include very specific instrument calibration/audit requirements, and Title V has compliance testing and monitoring requirements. Alliant Power was notified in August 1998 of the intent of EPA Region VII to conduct a Level 3 audit at the Lansing Generation Station. The US EPA and the State of Iowa intended to review all Title IV record keeping (Level 1), continuous emission monitoring calibrations and linearity testing (Level 2) and observe the annual Relative Accuracy Testing Audit performed by an outside contractor. In addition, during this facility site visit, the compliance with Title V permit requirements was also audited.

Facca, G.L.; Faler, M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Dynamic Positioning Simulator Dynamic Positioning Simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulator 5 / 24 #12;Dynamic Positioning Simulator Dynamic Positioning Why Dynamic Positioning? Advantages Dynamic Positioning: No tugboats needed; Offshore set-up is quick; Power saving; Precision situations more on Ship: Wind Force Fw = 1 2 air V 2 rw CXw (rw )AT 1 2 air V 2 rw CYw (rw )AL Mw = 1 2 air V 2 rw CMw (rw

Vuik, Kees

199

Effect of the mobility on (I-V) characteristics of the MOSFET  

SciTech Connect

MOSFET Transistor was the subject of many studies and research works (electronics, data-processing, telecommunications...) in order to exploit its interesting and promising characteristics. The aim of this contribution is devoted to the effect of the mobility on the static characteristics I-V of the MOSFET. The study enables us to calculate the drain current as function of bias in both linear and saturated modes; this effect is evaluated using a numerical simulation program. The influence of mobility was studied. Obtained results allow us to determine the mobility law in the MOSFET which gives optimal (I-V) characteristics of the component.

Benzaoui, Ouassila, E-mail: o-benzaoui@yahoo.fr [Technology Department, Faculty of Technology, 20 August 1955 University, BP 26, El-Hadaiek Street 21000 Skikda, Algeria and Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Thin Films and Interfaces Laboratory, P. B 325, Ain El Bey Street, Mentouri Univers (Algeria); Azizi, Cherifa, E-mail: aziziche@yahoo.fr [Department of Material Sciences, Larbi Ben M'hidi University, BP 358, Constantine Street, 04000 Oum El-Bouaghi, Algeria and Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Thin Films and Interfaces Laboratory, P. B 325, Ain El Bey Street, Mentouri Univers (Algeria)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

200

EIS-0402: Remediation of Area IV of the Santa Susana Field Laboratory, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE is preparing an EIS for cleanup of Area IV, including the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC), as well as the Northern Buffer Zone of the Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL) in eastern Ventura County, California, approximately 29 miles north of downtown Los Angeles. (DOE’s operations bordered the Northern Buffer Zone. DOE is responsible for soil cleanup in Area IV and the Northern Buffer Zone.) In the EIS, DOE will evaluate reasonable alternatives for disposition of radiological facilities and support buildings, remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater, and disposal of all resulting waste at permitted facilities.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

CONSTRUCTION OF WEB-ACCESSIBLE MATERIALS HANDBOOK FORGENERATION IV NUCLEAR REACTORS  

SciTech Connect

The development of a web-accessible materials handbook in support of the materials selection and structural design for the Generation IV nuclear reactors is being planned. Background of the reactor program is briefly introduced. Evolution of materials handbooks for nuclear reactors over years is reviewed in light of the trends brought forth by the rapid advancement in information technologies. The framework, major features, contents, and construction considerations of the web-accessible Gen IV Materials Handbook are discussed. Potential further developments and applications of the handbook are also elucidated.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

UMBC Policy # IV-2.20.01 Page 1 of 5 UMBC POLICY ON EXPORT CONTROL REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UMBC Policy # IV-2.20.01 Page 1 of 5 UMBC POLICY ON EXPORT CONTROL REGULATIONS UMBC IV-2.20.01 I. POLICY STATEMENT It is the policy of the University to comply with U.S. Export control regulations nationals on U.S. soil. II. PURPOSE FOR POLICY Export control regulations are a group of federal regulations

Adali, Tulay

203

Multiple periodic solutions of an impulsive predator-prey model with Holling-type IV functional response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An impulsive periodic predator-prey model with Holling-type IV functional response is considered. Using the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory, we present an easily verifiable sufficient condition on the existence of multiple periodic ... Keywords: Coincidence degree, Holling-type IV functional response, Impulse, Periodic solution, Predator-prey model

Qi Wang; Binxiang Dai; Yuming Chen

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

IV Iberian Symposium on Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Advanced Batteries. Estoril, Portugal, June 26-28 2013 ABSTRACT QUESTIONNAIRE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IV Iberian Symposium on Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Advanced Batteries. Estoril, Portugal, June 26 Other Marketing analysis Standards and regulations #12;IV Iberian Symposium on Hydrogen, Fuel Cells PEM fuel cells X Numerical simulation SO fuel cells New materials Other fuel cells New processes

Batlle, Carles

205

CIS 677 LAB IV: Transparent Bridge To understand the transparent bridge concept.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CIS 677 LAB IV: Transparent Bridge 1 Goals To understand the transparent bridge concept. To implement a simpli ed transparent bridge algorithm. 2 Features of Transparent Bridges The three features of transparent bridges are: 1. The promiscuous listen and the store and forwarding capabilities. 2. Learning

Jain, Raj

206

Media Transatlantic IV March 29 31, 2012, University of Paderborn, Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Media Transatlantic IV March 29 ­ 31, 2012, University of Paderborn, Germany Traffic Aiming to bring together media scholars from the United States, Canada, and Germany, the conference continues Schabacher (University of Siegen, Germany): Traffic as 'Dirt Experience'. Harold Innis' Tracing of Media. 04

Paderborn, Universität

207

Current Topics in Investment Management 2013-14 (Code C31IV)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Topics in Investment Management 2013-14 (Code C31IV) Course Co-ordinator: Prof Andy Adams in investment management and enable them to reflect on and analyse the issues involved. Students will meet Introduction to the Course Week 2 Case Study: The Split Capital Investment Trust Crisis Week 3 Business Ethics

Painter, Kevin

208

Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies FY 2002 Progress Report Section IV. Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W advanced PEM power plant. Approach Figure 1 provides a schematic of the gasoline fuel cell power plantHydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies FY 2002 Progress Report 265 Section IV. Fuel Cells #12;Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies FY 2002 Progress Report 266 #12;Hydrogen

209

Comparison of electronic structure of group IV A tetrahalides using MS-X? calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The charge transfer spectral properties of group IV A tetrahalides (where M=Ti, Zr or Hf and X=F, Cl, Br or I) have been calculated using the Ms-X? method and compared with experimental values. The order of li...

V Subramanian; T Ramasami

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Definition of the Floating System for Phase IV of OC3  

SciTech Connect

Phase IV of the IEA Annex XXIII Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration (OC3) involves the modeling of an offshore floating wind turbine. This report documents the specifications of the floating system, which are needed by the OC3 participants for building aero-hydro-servo-elastic models.

Jonkman, J.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies FY 2002 Progress Report IV.E Air Management Subsystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the motor driven compressor/expander and evaluated performance, weight and cost projection data. As comparedHydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies FY 2002 Progress Report 490 IV.E Air and by improving upon previous project results. · Reduce turbocompressor/motor controller costs while increasing

212

Marine and River Dune Dynamics MARID IV 15 & 16 April 2013 -Bruges, Belgium Numerical simulation of turbulent sediment transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation of turbulent sediment transport O. Durán (1,2) , B. Andreotti (1) , P. Claudin (1) 1. Laboratoire Carolina 27515, USA Abstract Sediment transport is studied by means of two phase numerical simulations to empirical transport laws. The vertical velocities of the grains are small and sediment transport occurs

Claudin, Philippe

213

Cybersecurity Dynamics Shouhuai Xu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cybersecurity Dynamics Shouhuai Xu Department of Computer Science, University of Texas at San Antonio ABSTRACT We explore the emerging field of Cybersecurity Dynamics, a candidate foundation for the Science of Cybersecurity. Keywords Cybersecurity dynamics, security model, security analysis 1

Xu, Shouhuai

214

Pneumatic wall-locking geophone system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seismic signal receiving system is provided for use in boreholes to receive seismic waves in carrying out geophysical investigations. The system includes three pairs of opposed plates, each of the pairs of plates including oppositely facing outer surfaces for engagement with opposite sides of a borehole. A seismic receiver is mounted on the inner surface of each of the plates for receiving seismic signals. A double-acting, fluid-operated actuator selectively causes relative movement of the plates of the pairs of plates away from each other to provide expansion thereof so as to enable the plates to engage the walls of a borehole and selectively causes relative movement of the plates of the pairs of plates toward each other to provide retraction thereof so as to enable the system to be removed from a borehole. The pairs of plates each comprise a relatively long plate and a relatively short plate. An expandable linkage interconnects the long plates at the distal ends thereof. The plates are mechanically biassed into the retracted state so that the plates return to this state in the event of a system failure.

Kuhlman, Harland L. (Minneapolis, MN); Cumerlato, Calvin L. (Minneapolis, MN); Tweeton, Daryl R. (Apple Valley, MN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Making appropriate comparisons of estimated and actual costs of reducing SO{sub 2} emissions under Title IV  

SciTech Connect

A current sentiment within some parts of the environmental policy community is that market-based regulatory approaches such as emissions trading have proven so effective that actual costs will be only a small fraction of what ex ante cost estimation procedures would project. With this line of reasoning, some have dismissed available cost estimates for major proposed new regulations, such as the new PM and ozone NAAQS, as not meaningful for policy decisions. The most commonly used evidence in support of this position is the experience with SO{sub 2} reductions under Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. In Title IV, a market for emissions allowances has been used to achieve reductions in sulfur dioxides (SO{sub 2}) to ameliorate acid rain. It is commonly asserted today that the cost of achieving the SO{sub 2} emissions reductions has been only one-tenth or less of what Title IV was originally expected to cost. This paper demonstrates that, to the contrary, actual costs for SO{sub 2} reductions remain roughly in line with original estimates associated with Title IV. Erroneous conclusions about Title IV`s costs are due to inappropriate comparisons of a variety of different measures that appear to be comparable only because they are all stated in dollars per ton. Program cost estimates include the total costs of a fully-implemented regulatory program. The very low costs of Title IV that are commonly cited today are neither directly reflective of a fully implemented Title IV, (which is still many years away) nor reflective of all the costs already incurred. Further, a careful review of history finds that the initial cost estimates that many cite were never associated with Title IV. Technically speaking, people are comparing the estimated control costs for the most-costly power plant associated with earlier acid rain regulatory proposals with prices from a market that do not directly reflect total costs.

Smith, A.E. [DFI/Aeronomics Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

216

Suirr 300, 955 L*Enfwu Plaza. S. Iv.. Washingron. D.C. 200242174.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Suirr 300, 955 L*Enfwu Plaza. S. Iv.. Washingron. D.C. 200242174. Suirr 300, 955 L*Enfwu Plaza. S. Iv.. Washingron. D.C. 200242174. 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 M r. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear M r. Wallo: I ELIMINATION~RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND "NIY$RfITIES / t kphonc (202) d.t%xO The attached elimination recommendation was prepared lin accordance with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September! The recommenda includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site' List, dated 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College. University of Virginia, and the University of Washington) currently identified on phe FUSRAP

217

Microsoft PowerPoint - Roberts, IV and Stewardship (SSAB April 2010).ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent Independent Verification and Independent Verification and Stewardship April 29, 2010 Sarah Roberts, CHP Acting Program Director, ORISE IEAV Benefits of IV "IV is an important quality assurance step that ensures cleanup goals have been achieved" (DOE Lessons Learned from Independent have been achieved (DOE Lessons Learned from Independent Verification Activities, July 2008) * Offers a cost-effective way to provide assurance that the site was successfully remediated to the risk-based release criteria was successfully remediated to the risk based release criteria * Enhances public credibility and builds stakeholder trust in environmental cleanup * Provides consistency among multiple D&D projects at a particular site * Ensures D&D plans and reports are technically sound

218

DEVELOPMENT OF A METHODOLOGY TO ASSESS PROLIFERATION RESISTANCE AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION FOR GENERATION IV SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

Enhanced proliferation resistance and physical protection (PR&PP) is one of the technology goals for advanced nuclear concepts, such as Generation IV systems. Under the auspices of the Generation IV International Forum, the Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology of the U.S. DOE, the Office of Nonproliferation Policy of the National Nuclear Security Administration, and participating organizations from six other countries are sponsoring an international working group to develop an evaluation methodology for PR&PP. This methodology will permit an objective PR&PP comparison between alternative nuclear systems (e.g., different reactor types or fuel cycles) and support design optimization to enhance robustness against proliferation, theft and sabotage. The paper summarizes the proposed assessment methodology including the assessment framework, measures used to express the PR&PP characteristics of the system, threat definition, system element and target identification, pathway identification and analysis, and estimation of the measures.

Nishimura, R.; Bari, R.; Peterson, P.; Roglans-Ribas, J.; Kalenchuk, D.

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

219

New method of parameters extraction from dark I-V curve  

SciTech Connect

It is very necessary, for solar cells, to obtain a low series resistance and to be able to determine it with accuracy because it is an important parameter of fill factor and efficiency improvement. In the case of low series resistance, the authors have developed a new method of parameters extraction from only one dark I-V characteristic. They have also improved another technique (the integral) of series resistance extraction. They have compared these two methods to two other ones (the derivative and Lee et al. method). The method gives very good results. Moreover, it is very simple to use and presents the advantage of being independent of the voltage step in contrary to the derivative and to the integral. They have then applied their technique to a whole solar cell I-V curve and the results are very good.

Kaminski, A.; Marchand, J.J.; Fave, A.; Laugier, A. [INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne (France). Lab. de Physique de la Matiere

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

220

Heteroepitaxy of group IV-VI nitrides by atomic layer deposition  

SciTech Connect

Heteroepitaxial growth of selected group IV-VI nitrides on various orientations of sapphire (?-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) is demonstrated using atomic layer deposition. High quality, epitaxial films are produced at significantly lower temperatures than required by conventional deposition methods. Characterization of electrical and superconducting properties of epitaxial films reveals a reduced room temperature resistivity and increased residual resistance ratio for films deposited on sapphire compared to polycrystalline samples deposited concurrently on fused quartz substrates.

Klug, Jeffrey A., E-mail: jklug@anl.gov; Groll, Nickolas R.; Pellin, Michael J.; Proslier, Thomas, E-mail: prolier@anl.gov [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Becker, Nicholas G.; Cao, Chaoyue; Zasadzinski, John F. [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States) [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Department of Physics, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 60616 (United States); Weimer, Matthew S. [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States) [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 60616 (United States)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

EIS-0469: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh County, North Dakota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Western Area Power Administration is evaluating the potential environmental impacts of interconnecting NextEra Energy Resources proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, near Bismarck, North Dakota, to Western’s existing Wilton/Baldwin substation and allowing NextEra’s existing wind projects in this area to operate above 50 annual MW. Western is preparing a Supplemental Draft EIS to address substantial changes to the proposal, including 30 turbine locations and 5 alternate turbine locations in Crofte Township.

222

XAS Characterization of a Nitridoiron(IV) Complex with a Very Short Fe-N Bond  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to characterize the novel nitridoiron(IV) units in two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes (R = iPr and CyCH{sub 2}) and obtain direct spectroscopic evidence for a very short Fe-N distance. The distance of 1.51-1.55 {angstrom} reflects the presence of an Fe{triple_bond}N triple bond in accord with the observed Fe{triple_bond}N vibration observed for one of these species ({nu}{sub FeN} = 1034 cm{sup -1}). This highly covalent bonding interaction results in the appearance of an unusually intense pre-edge peak, whose estimated area of 100(20) units is much larger than those of the related tetrahedral complexes with Fe{sup I}-N{sub 2}-Fe{sup I}, Fe{sup II}-NPh{sub 2}, and Fe{sup III}NAd motifs, and those of recently described six-coordinate Fe{sup V}{triple_bond}N and Fe{sup VI}{triple_bond}N complexes. The observation that the Fe{sup IV}-N distances of two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes are shorter than the Fe{sup IV}-O bond lengths of oxoiron(IV) complexes may be rationalized on the basis of the greater {pi} basicity of the nitrido ligand than the oxo ligand and a lower metal coordination number for the Fe(N) complex.

Rohde,J.; Betley, T.; Jackson, T.; Saouma, C.; Peters, J.; Que, Jr., L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

XAS Characterization of a Nitridoiron(IV) Complex With a Very Short Fe-N Bond  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to characterize the novel nitridoiron(IV) units in two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes (R = iPr and CyCH{sub 2}) and obtain direct spectroscopic evidence for a very short Fe-N distance. The distance of 1.51--1.55 {angstrom} reflects the presence of an Fe{triple_bond}N triple bond in accord with the observed Fe{triple_bond}N vibration observed for one of these species (v{sub FeN}=1034 cm{sup -1}). This highly covalent bonding interaction results in the appearance of an unusually intense pre-edge peak, whose estimated area of 100(20) units is much larger than those of the related tetrahedral complexes with Fe{sup I}-N{sub 2}-Fe{sup I}, Fe{sup II}-NPh{sub 2}, and Fe{sup III}{triple_bond}NAd motifs, and those of recently described six-coordinate Fe{sup V}{triple_bond}N and Fe{sup VI}{triple_bond}N complexes. The observation that the Fe{sup IV}-N distances of two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes are shorter than the Fe{sup IV}-O bond lengths of oxoiron(IV) complexes may be rationalized on the basis of the greater ? basicity of the nitrido ligand than the oxo ligand and a lower metal coordination number for the Fe(N) complex.

Rohde, J.-U.; Betley, T.A.; Jackson, T.A.; Saouma, C.T.; Peters, J.C.; Que, L.; Jr.

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

224

GEN IV MATERIALS HANDBOOK BETA RELEASE FOR STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL EVALUATION  

SciTech Connect

Development of the Gen IV Materials Handbook is briefly summarized up to date. Current status of the Handbook website construction is described. The developed Handbook components and access control of the beta version are discussed for the present evaluation release. Detailed instructions and examples are given to provide guidance for evaluators to browse the constructed parts and use all the currently developed functionalities of the Handbook in evaluation.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL] [ORNL; Luttrell, Claire [ORNL] [ORNL

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

225

Theoretical Physics IV -SS 2007 -R. Flume to hand in April 24th -30th, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical Physics IV - SS 2007 - R. Flume Exercise I to hand in April 24th - 30th, 2007 potential of the i-th component as µi ( U Ni )S,V,N1,..,cNi,..,Nr . The equations of state are T = T(S, VAU/N . What is the corresponding fundamental equation? Hint: To integrate, let s = Dun vm e-Au where D, n

Buse, Karsten

226

Mejora docente y adaptacin al Espacio Europeo de Educacin Superior Tabla IV. Hitos Futuros  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mejora docente y adaptación al Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior Tabla IV. Hitos Futuros Hito Ámbito Descripción Fecha Esperada Medio de verificación 1. Mejora docente y adaptación al EEES Creación y CQUID 2. Mejora docente y adaptación al EEES Consolidación del observatorio UPF de buenas prácticas

Geffner, Hector

227

Producing Early-Maturity (Group IV) Soybeans on the Texas Gulf Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, to date, have commanded good prices in oil, feed, and export markets. Soybean acreage has increased in Victoria, Calhoun, Jackson, and Matagorda counties because of the crop?s low input costs. Selection: Adaption and Maturity Primarily Group IV and very... and Extension Specialists, Agronomy, The Texas A&M University System. Texas AgriLife Extension Service ? Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? The Texas A&M University System ? College Station, Texas ARANSAS VICTORIA GOLIAD REFUGIO KARNES DE WITT LAVACA JACKSON MATA...

Klosterboer, Arlen; Miller, Travis; Livingston, Stephen

1996-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

228

Reductive Dissolution of Pu(IV) by Clostridium sp. Under Anaerobic Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

238,239,240Pu (gross alpha activity 1.7 × 105?pCi/L) isotopes were detected in leachate samples collected from the low-level radioactive-waste disposal sites at West Valley, NY and Maxey Flats, KY (3-5). ... Pu in trench leachates at the Maxey Flats radioactive waste disposal site exists as dissolved species, primarily Pu(IV) complexes with strong org. ... The SIT is used for ionic strength corrections. ...

Arokiasamy J. Francis; Cleveland J. Dodge; Jeffrey B. Gillow

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

229

Solvent Extraction Behavior of Neptunium (IV) Ions between Nitric Acid and Diluted 30% Tri-butyl Phosphate in the Presence of Simple Hydroxamic Acids  

SciTech Connect

Formo- and aceto-hydroxamic acids are very effective reagents for stripping tetravalent actinide ions such as Np(IV) and Pu(IV) ions from a tri-butyl phosphate phase into nitric acid. Distribution data for Np(IV) in the presence of these hydroxamate ions have now been accumulated and trends established. Stability constants for aceto-hydroxamate complexes of Np(IV) and Np(V) ions have also been determined in a perchlorate medium, and these reaffirm the affinity of hydroxamate ligands for actinide (IV) ions over actinyl (V,VI) ions.

Taylor, Robin J.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Choppin, Gregory R.; May, Iain

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Longitudinal diagnostic efficiency of DSM-IV criteria for obsessive–compulsive personality disorder: a 2-year prospective study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Objective: To examine the longitudinal diagnostic efficiency of the DSM-IV criteria for obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD). Method: At baseline, criteria and diagnoses were determined using… (more)

Grilo, Carlos M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A century of controversy surrounding posttraumatic stress-spectrum syndromes: The impact on DSM-III and DSM-IV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors describe historical clinical reports that preceded the development of criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and influenced the formation of PTSD in DSM-IV. These reports were identified fr...

J. David Kinzie; Rupert R. Goetz

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The type IV pilin, PilA, is required for full virulence of Francisella tularensis subspecies tularensis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

All four Francisella tularensis subspecies possess gene clusters with potential to express type IV pili (Tfp). These clusters include putative pilin genes, as well as pilB, pilC and pilQ, required for secretion a...

Anna-Lena Forslund; Emelie Näslund Salomonsson; Igor Golovliov…

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Extraction of uranium(VI) and plutonium(IV) with dihexylbutyramide and dihexylisobutyramide from nitric acid medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The extraction of uranium(VI) and plutonium(IV) was carried out with two isomeric monoamides, dihexylbutyramide (DHBA) and dihexylisobutyramide (DHIBA) from nitric acid medium, usingn-dodecane as diluent. The pos...

G. M. Nair; D. R. Prabhu; G. R. Mahajan

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Path of Carbon in Photosynthesis IV. The Identity and Sequence fo the Intermediates in Sucrose Synthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B&TH OF CARBON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS IV. THE IDENTITY Alii'])eigl, AMS Monograph on Photosynthesis, .in press. UCRL-254in a 9O-second photosynthesis, an activity of 30,000 cpm is

Calvin, M.; Benson, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Photodissociation Dynamics and Spectroscopy of Free Radical Combustion Intermediates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. Ab initio electronic structure calculations IV. Analysisdistributions C. Electronic structure calculations IV.me to the fields of electronic structure calculations and

Osborn, David L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Essays in dynamic contracting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines three models of dynamic contracting. The first model is a model of dynamic moral hazard with partially persistent states, and the second model considers relational contracts when the states are partially ...

Kwon, Suehyun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Construction Cost Reductions through the Use of Virtual Environments - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Final report of 3 year DOE NERI-sponsored effort evaluating immersive virtual reality (CAVE) technology for design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning and training for next generation nuclear power plants. Program covers development of full-scale virtual mockups generated from 3D CAD data presented in a CAVE visualization facility. Mockups applied to design review of AP600/1000, Construction planning for AP 600, and AP 1000 maintenance evaluation. Proof of concept study also performed for GenIV PBMR models.

Timothy Shaw; Anthony Baratta; Vaughn Whisker

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

238

Generic process for preparing a crystalline oxide upon a group IV semiconductor substrate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for growing a crystalline oxide epitaxially upon the surface of a Group IV semiconductor, as well as a structure constructed by the process, is described. The semiconductor can be germanium or silicon, and the crystalline oxide can generally be represented by the formula (AO).sub.n (A'BO.sub.3).sub.m in which "n" and "m" are non-negative integer repeats of planes of the alkaline earth oxides or the alkaline earth-containing perovskite oxides. With atomic level control of interfacial thermodynamics in a multicomponent semiconductor/oxide system, a highly perfect interface between a semiconductor and a crystalline oxide can be obtained.

McKee, Rodney A. (Kingston, TN); Walker, Frederick J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Chisholm, Matthew F. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

THE ENIGMATIC PAIR OF DWARF GALAXIES LEO IV AND LEO V: COINCIDENCE OR COMMON ORIGIN?  

SciTech Connect

We have obtained deep photometry in two 1{sup 0} x 1{sup 0} fields covering the close pair of dwarf spheroidal galaxies Leo IV and Leo V and part of the area in between. From the distribution of likely red giant branch (RGB) and horizontal-branch (HB) stars in the data set, we find that both Leo IV and Leo V are significantly larger than indicated by previous measurements based on shallower data. With a half-light radius of r{sub h} = 4.'6 +- 0.'8 (206 +- 36 pc) and r{sub h} = 2.'6 +- 0.'6 (133 +- 31 pc), respectively, both systems are now well within the physical size bracket of typical dwarf spheroidal Milky Way satellites. Both are also found to be significantly elongated with an ellipticity of epsilon {approx_equal} 0.5, a characteristic shared by many of the fainter (M{sub V} > - 8) Milky Way dwarf spheroidals. The large spatial extent of our survey allows us to search for extra-tidal features in the area between the two dwarf galaxies with unprecedented sensitivity. The spatial distribution of candidate RGB and HB stars in this region is found to be non-uniform at the {approx}3sigma level. Interestingly, this substructure is aligned along the direction connecting the two systems, indicative of a possible 'bridge' of extra-tidal material. Fitting the stellar distribution with a linear Gaussian model yields a significance of 4sigma for this overdensity, a most likely FWHM of {approx}16 arcmin, and a central surface brightness of {approx_equal}32 mag arcsec{sup -2}. We investigate different scenarios to explain the close proximity of Leo IV and Leo V, and the possible tidal bridge between them. Orbit calculations demonstrate that the two systems cannot share the exact same orbit, while a compromise orbit does not approach the Galactic center more than {approx}160 kpc, rendering it unlikely that they are remnants of a single disrupted progenitor. A comparison with cosmological simulations shows that a chance collision between unrelated subhalos is negligibly small. Given their relative distance and velocity, Leo IV and Leo V could be a bound 'tumbling pair', if their combined mass exceeds (8 +- 4) x 10{sup 9} M{sub sun}. The scenario of an internally interacting pair that fell into the Milky Way together appears to be the most viable explanation for this close celestial companionship.

De Jong, Jelte T. A.; Martin, Nicolas F.; Rix, Hans-Walter; Smith, Kester W.; Maccio, Andrea V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Jin, Shoko, E-mail: dejong@mpia.d [Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Moenchhofstrasse 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2010-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

240

Prospective study evaluating the use of IV contrast on IMRT treatment planning for lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate the impact of exclusively using intravenous (IV) contrast x-ray computed tomography (CT) scans on lung cancer intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment planning. Methods: Eight patients with lung cancer (one small cell, seven nonsmall cell) scheduled to receive IMRT consented to acquisition of simulation CT scans with and without IV contrast. Clinical treatment plans optimized on the noncontrast scans were recomputed on contrast scans and dose coverage was compared, along with the ? passing rates. Results: IV contrast enhanced scans provided better target and critical structure conspicuity than the noncontrast scans. Using noncontrast scan as a reference, the median absolute/relative differences in mean, maximum, and minimum doses to the planning target volume (PTV) were ?4.5 cGy/?0.09%, 41.1 cGy/0.62%, and ?19.7 cGy/?0.50%, respectively. Regarding organs-at-risk (OARs), the median absolute/relative differences of maximum dose to heart was ?13.3 cGy/?0.32%, to esophagus was ?63.4 cGy/?0.89%, and to spinal cord was ?16.3 cGy/?0.46%. The median heart region of interest CT Hounsfield Unit (HU) number difference between noncontrast and contrast scans was 136.4 HU (range, 94.2–161.8 HU). Subjectively, the regions with absolute dose differences greater than 3% of the prescription dose were small and typically located at the patient periphery and/or at the beam edges. The median ? passing rate was 0.9981 (range, 0.9654–0.9999) using 3% absolute dose difference/3 mm distance-to-agreement criteria. Overall, all evaluated cases were found to be clinically equivalent. Conclusions: PTV and OARs dose differences between noncontrast and contrast scans appear to be minimal for lung cancer patients undergoing IMRT. Using IV contrast scans as the primary simulation dataset could increase treatment planning efficiency and accuracy by avoiding unnecessary scans, manually region overriding, and planning errors caused by nonperfect image registrations.

Li, Hua, E-mail: huli@radonc.wustl.edu; Bottani, Beth; DeWees, Todd; Michalski, Jeff M.; Mutic, Sasa; Bradley, Jeffrey D.; Robinson, Clifford G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States); Low, Daniel A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

Intramolecular and nonlinear dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Research in this program focuses on three interconnected areas. The first involves the study of intramolecular dynamics, particularly of highly excited systems. The second area involves the use of nonlinear dynamics as a tool for the study of molecular dynamics and complex kinetics. The third area is the study of the classical/quantum correspondence for highly excited systems, particularly systems exhibiting classical chaos.

Davis, M.J. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Distribution Behavior of U(VI), Pu(IV), Am(III), and Zr(IV) with N,N-Dihexyl Octanamide Under Uranium-Loading Conditions  

SciTech Connect

While the tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP)-based PUREX process has been the workhorse of the nuclear fuel reprocessing industry for the last four and a half decades, a few drawbacks associated with the use of TBP have caused concern to the separation scientists and technologists. These shortcomings may pose a serious challenge particularly during the reprocessing of (a) short cooled thermal reactor fuels, (b) fast reactor fuels with the larger Pu content and significantly higher burn up, and (c) while treating various waste streams for their disposal to the environment. The N,N-dialkyl aliphatic amides have received particular attention as alternate potential extractants for the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels in view of (a) the innocuous nature of their degradation products, namely, carboxylic acids/amines and (b) the possibility to incinerate the used solvent leading to reduced volume of secondary waste. The physical and chemical properties of these amides are influenced strongly by the nature of alkyl groups. The extractant N,N-dihexyl octanamide (DHOA) was found to be a promising candidate among a large number of extractants studied. Laboratory batch studies as well as mixer settler studies were performed under process conditions with DHOA and compared with those of TBP. DHOA was found to extract Pu(IV) more efficiently than TBP, both at trace-level concentration as well as under uranium loading conditions. In addition, the extraction behavior of Am(III) and Zr(IV) was studied at varying nitric acid concentrations (1 to 6 M). Extraction behavior of uranium at macroconcentrations (9.9 to 157.7 g/l) was carried out at different temperatures, and it was observed that D{sub U} decreased with the increase in U loading as well as with the increase of temperature (in the range 25 to 45 deg. C) and that the two-phase reaction was exothermic in nature. Mixer settler studies on U(VI) revealed that DHOA is similar to TBP during the extraction cycle but better than TBP during the stripping cycle.

Manchanda, V.K.; Ruikar, P.B.; Sriram, S.; Nagar, M.S.; Pathak, P.N.; Gupta, K.K.; Singh, R.K.; Chitnis, R.R.; Dhami, P.S.; Ramanujam, A. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (India)

2001-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Comparison of BWR-stability measurements with calculations using the code LAPUR-IV  

SciTech Connect

A parametric study of stability characteristics in boiling water reactors (BWRs) was performed using the frequency domain code LAPUR-IV. Two different reactors, Peach Bottom Unit 2 and Vermont Yankee, were considered in a total of 17 different operating conditions that corresponded to three series of low-flow stability tests performed in these two reactors. Stability margins, in terms of decay ratio and natural frequency of the closed loop reactivity-to-power transfer function (T.F.), were calculated and then compared with the experimental results. In addition, a sensitivity analysis was performed to determine the changes in calculated results to be expected in response to alterations in the density reactivity coefficient (DRC), the recirculation loop pressure-to-flow T.F. parameters, and the fuel-to-cladding-gap heat conductance. This allows assessment of the effect of input data uncertainty on the calculated results. Satisfactory agreement was found between the stability margins calculated using LAPUR-IV and the experimental results. The sensitivity analysis shows that the DRC is the most critical of the parameters investigated for accurate stability calculations.

March-Leuba, J.; Otaduy, P.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Status of advanced fuel candidates for Sodium Fast Reactor within the Generation IV International Forum  

SciTech Connect

The main challenge for fuels for future Sodium Fast Reactor systems is the development and qualification of a nuclear fuel sub-assembly which meets the Generation IV International Forum goals. The Advanced Fuel project investigates high burn-up minor actinide bearing fuels as well as claddings and wrappers to withstand high neutron doses and temperatures. The R&D outcome of national and collaborative programs has been collected and shared between the AF project members in order to review the capability of sub-assembly material and fuel candidates, to identify the issues and select the viable options. Based on historical experience and knowledge, both oxide and metal fuels emerge as primary options to meet the performance and the reliability goals of Generation IV SFR systems. There is a significant positive experience on carbide fuels but major issues remain to be overcome: strong in-pile swelling, atmosphere required for fabrication as well as Pu and Am losses. The irradiation performance database for nitride fuels is limited with longer term R&D activities still required. The promising core material candidates are Ferritic/Martensitic (F/M) and Oxide Dispersed Strengthened (ODS) steels.

F. Delage; J. Carmack; C. B. Lee; T. Mizuno; M. Pelletier; J. Somers

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Evaluation of copper for divider subassembly in MCO Mark IA and Mark IV scrap fuel baskets  

SciTech Connect

The K Basin Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) subprojection eludes the design and fabrication of a canister that will be used to confine, contain, and maintain fuel in a critically safe array to enable its removal from the K Basins, vacuum drying, transport, staging, hot conditioning, and interim storage (Goldinann 1997). Each MCO consists of a shell, shield plug, fuel baskets (Mark IA or Mark IV), and other incidental equipment. The Mark IA intact and scrap fuel baskets are a safety class item for criticality control and components necessary for criticality control will be constructed from 304L stainless steel. It is proposed that a copper divider subassembly be used in both Mark IA and Mark IV scrap baskets to increase the safety basis margin during cold vacuum drying. The use of copper would increase the heat conducted away from hot areas in the baskets out to the wall of the MCO by both radiative and conductive heat transfer means. Thus copper subassembly will likely be a safety significant component of the scrap fuel baskets. This report examines the structural, cost and corrosion consequences associated with using a copper subassembly in the stainless steel MCO scrap fuel baskets.

Graves, C.E.

1997-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

246

EXPERIMENTAL OBSERVATIONS ON THE ROLES OF CADMIUM POOL IN MARK-IV ELECTROREFINER  

SciTech Connect

Idaho National Laboratory and Argonne National Laboratory have developed and demonstrated a pyroprocessing technology for the Department of Energy to reprocess spent nuclear fuel. One of the key steps in the pyroprocessing was electrorefining the spent fuel in a metal form in a molten LiCl-KCl-UCl3/liquid cadmium system using an engineering scale electrorefiner (Mark-IV ER). This article summarizes experimental observations and engineering aspects for the roles of the liquid cadmium for electrorefining of the spent fuel in the Mark-IV ER. It was found that the liquid cadmium pool acted as an intermediate electrode during the electrorefining process. The cadmium level gradually decreased due to its high vapor pressure at the ER operating temperature. The low cadmium level caused the anode assembly to electrically short with the ER vessel hardware, which resulted in difficulty determining the endpoint of uranium dissolution from the anode baskets and reducing the current efficiency. A reflux cadmium vapor trap has successfully prevented the cadmium level from decreasing and mitigated cadmium vapor deposition on cold metal surface inside the ER.

SHELLY X. LI

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

AVESTAR® - Dynamic Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic Modeling Dynamic Modeling The AVESTAR team is pursuing research on the dynamic modeling and simulation of advanced energy systems ranging from power plants to power grids. Dynamic models provide a continuous view of energy systems in action by calculating their transient behavior over time. Plant-wide Models For power plants, dynamic models are used to analyze a wide variety of operating scenarios, including normal base load operation, startup, shutdown, feedstock switchovers, cycling, and load-following. Dynamic process and control models are also essential for analyzing plant responses to setpoint changes and disturbances, as well as malfunctions and abnormal situations. Other applications of plant-wide dynamic models include controllability and operational flexibility analyses, environmental studies, safety evaluations, and risk mitigation.

248

Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery: Third ammendment and extension to Annex IV enhanced oil recovery thermal processes  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of efforts under the seven tasks of the Third Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of effort under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 25 through 31. The first, second, and third reports on Annex IV, ((Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, and IV-3 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, and DOE/BC-86/2/SP)) contain the results from the first 24 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, and March 1986. Selected papers have been processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Peterson, G.; Munoz, J.D.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

A Project Management and Systems Engineering Structure for a Generation IV Very High Temperature Reactor  

SciTech Connect

The Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) will be an advanced, very high temperature (approximately 1000o C. coolant outlet temperature), gas cooled nuclear reactor and is the nearest term of six Generation IV reactor technologies for nuclear assisted hydrogen production. In 2001, the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a ten nation international forum working together with the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee (NERAC), agreed to proceed with the development of a technology roadmap and identified the next generation of nuclear reactor systems for producing new sources of power. Since a new reactor has not been licensed in the United States since the 1970s, the risks are too large for a single utility to assume in the development of an unprecedented Generation IV reactor. The government must sponsor and invest in the research to resolve major first of a kind (FOAK) issues through a full-scale demonstration prior to industry implementation. DOE’s primary mission for the VHTR is to demonstrate nuclear reactor assisted cogeneration of electricity and hydrogen while meeting the Generation IV goals for safety, sustainability, proliferation resistance and physical security and economics. The successful deployment of the VHTR as a demonstration project will aid in restarting the now atrophied U.S. nuclear power industry infrastructure. It is envisioned that VHTR project participants will include DOE Laboratories, industry partners such as designers, constructors, manufacturers, utilities, and Generation IV international countries. To effectively mange R&D, engineering, procurement, construction, and operation for this multi-organizational and technologically complex project, systems engineering will be used extensively to ensure delivery of the final product. Although the VHTR is an unprecedented FOAK system, the R&D, when assessed using the Office of Science and Technology Gate Model, falls primarily in the 3rd - Exploratory Development, 4th – Advanced Development, and 5th- Engineering Development stages of maturity rather than in the basic and viability stages. Therefore the R&D must be controlled and project driven from the top down to address specific issues of feasibility, proof of design or support of engineering. The design evolution must be through the systems approach including an iterative process of high-level requirements definition, engineering to focus R&D to verify feasibility, requirements development and conceptual design, R&D to verify design and refine detailed requirements for final detailed design. This paper will define a framework for project management and application of systems engineering at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The VHTR Project includes an overall reactor design and construction activity and four major supporting activities: fuel development and qualification, materials selection and qualification, NRC licensing and regulatory support, and the hydrogen production plant.

Ed Gorski; Dennis Harrell; Finis Southworth

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Dynamical friction in modified Newtonian dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have tested a previous analytical estimate of the dynamical friction timescale in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) with fully non-linear N-body simulations. The simulations confirm that the dynamical friction timescale is significantly shorter in MOND than in equivalent Newtonian systems, i.e. systems with the same phase-space distribution of baryons and additional dark matter. An apparent conflict between this result and the long timescales determined for bars to slow and mergers to be completed in previous N-body simulations of MOND systems is explained. The confirmation of the short dynamical-friction timescale in MOND underlines the challenge that the Fornax dwarf spheroidal poses to the viability of MOND.

C. Nipoti; L. Ciotti; J. Binney; P. Londrillo

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

251

Conserved structural chemistry for incision activity in structurally non-homologous apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease APE1 and endonuclease IV DNA repair enzymes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

specificity for DNA repair enzyme superfamily. Nat StructIV. Characterization of an enzyme that recognizes oxidativemultifunctional DNA-repair enzyme exonuclease III. Nature

Tsutakawa, Susan E.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Effect of temperature on the extraction of nitric acid and plutonium(IV) nitrate with 30 vol% tributyl phosphate (TBP)  

SciTech Connect

The author's own and published data were evaluated for characterizing the effect of temperature on the distribution of nitric acid and plutonium(IV). The solutes were distributed between 30 vol% TBP in an aliphatic diluent and aqueous solutions containing nitric acid and zero to macro amounts of plutonium(IV) and uranyl nitrates. The temperature dependence of the distribution ratios is described with empirical model equations and examples of the dependence in the absence and presence of uranium(VI) are given. Taking infinite dilution of all solutes of the system as a standard state, the enthalpy change of the extraction reaction could be estimated as -17 kJ/mol for nitric acid, but no numerical estimate was possible for plutonium(IV).

Kolarik, Z.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Shipment and Disposal of Solidified Organic Waste (Waste Type IV) to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect

In April of 2005, the last shipment of transuranic (TRU) waste from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site to the WIPP was completed. With the completion of this shipment, all transuranic waste generated and stored at Rocky Flats was successfully removed from the site and shipped to and disposed of at the WIPP. Some of the last waste to be shipped and disposed of at the WIPP was waste consisting of solidified organic liquids that is identified as Waste Type IV in the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Authorized Methods for Payload Control (CH-TRAMPAC) document. Waste Type IV waste typically has a composition, and associated characteristics, that make it significantly more difficult to ship and dispose of than other Waste Types, especially with respect to gas generation. This paper provides an overview of the experience gained at Rocky Flats for management, transportation and disposal of Type IV waste at WIPP, particularly with respect to gas generation testing. (authors)

D'Amico, E. L [Washington TRU Solutions (United States); Edmiston, D. R. [John Hart and Associates (United States); O'Leary, G. A. [CH2M-WG Idaho, LLC (United States); Rivera, M. A. [Aspen Resources Ltd., Inc. (United States); Steward, D. M. [Boulder Research Enterprises, LLC (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Dynamic cone beam CT angiography of carotid and cerebral arteries using canine model  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: This research is designed to develop and evaluate a flat-panel detector-based dynamic cone beam CT system for dynamic angiography imaging, which is able to provide both dynamic functional information and dynamic anatomic information from one multirevolution cone beam CT scan. Methods: A dynamic cone beam CT scan acquired projections over four revolutions within a time window of 40 s after contrast agent injection through a femoral vein to cover the entire wash-in and wash-out phases. A dynamic cone beam CT reconstruction algorithm was utilized and a novel recovery method was developed to correct the time-enhancement curve of contrast flow. From the same data set, both projection-based subtraction and reconstruction-based subtraction approaches were utilized and compared to remove the background tissues and visualize the 3D vascular structure to provide the dynamic anatomic information. Results: Through computer simulations, the new recovery algorithm for dynamic time-enhancement curves was optimized and showed excellent accuracy to recover the actual contrast flow. Canine model experiments also indicated that the recovered time-enhancement curves from dynamic cone beam CT imaging agreed well with that of an IV-digital subtraction angiography (DSA) study. The dynamic vascular structures reconstructed using both projection-based subtraction and reconstruction-based subtraction were almost identical as the differences between them were comparable to the background noise level. At the enhancement peak, all the major carotid and cerebral arteries and the Circle of Willis could be clearly observed. Conclusions: The proposed dynamic cone beam CT approach can accurately recover the actual contrast flow, and dynamic anatomic imaging can be obtained with high isotropic 3D resolution. This approach is promising for diagnosis and treatment planning of vascular diseases and strokes.

Cai Weixing; Zhao Binghui; Conover, David; Liu Jiangkun; Ning Ruola [Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, New York 14642 (United States); Department of Radiology, Shanghai 6th People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Xuhui, Shanghai (China); Koning Corporation, Lennox Tech Enterprise Center, 150 Lucius Gordon Drive Suite 112, West Henrietta, New York 14586 (United States); Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, New York 14642 (United States); Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, New York 14642 (United States) and Koning Corporation, Lennox Tech Enterprise Center, 150 Lucius Gordon Drive Suite 112, West Henrietta, New York 14586 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

EVALUATION METHODOLOGY FOR PROLIFERATION RESISTANCE AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF GENERATION IV NUCLEAR ENERGY SYSTEMS: AN OVERVIEW.  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an overview of the methodology approach developed by the Generation IV International Forum Expert Group on Proliferation Resistance & Physical Protection for evaluation of Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection robustness of Generation IV nuclear energy systems options. The methodology considers a set of alternative systems and evaluates their resistance or robustness to a collection of potential threats. For the challenges considered, the response of the system to these challenges is assessed and expressed in terms of outcomes. The challenges to the system are given by the threats posed by potential proliferant States and sub-national adversaries on the nuclear systems. The characteristics of the Generation IV systems, both technical and institutional, are used to evaluate their response to the threats and determine their resistance against the proliferation threats and robustness against sabotage and theft threats. System response encompasses three main elements: (1) System Element Identification. The nuclear energy system is decomposed into smaller elements (subsystems) at a level amenable to further analysis. (2) Target Identification and Categorization. A systematic process is used to identify and select representative targets for different categories of pathways, within each system element, that actors (proliferant States or adversaries) might choose to use or attack. (3) Pathway Identification and Refinement. Pathways are defined as potential sequences of events and actions followed by the proliferant State or adversary to achieve its objectives (proliferation, theft or sabotage). For each target, individual pathway segments are developed through a systematic process, analyzed at a high level, and screened where possible. Segments are connected into full pathways and analyzed in detail. The outcomes of the system response are expressed in terms of PR&PP measures. Measures are high-level characteristics of a pathway that include information important to the evaluation methodology users and to the decisions of a proliferant State or adversary. They are first evaluated for segments and then aggregated for complete pathways. Results are aggregated as appropriate to permit pathway comparisons and system assessment. The paper highlights the current achievements in the development of the Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection Evaluation Methodology. The way forward is also briefly presented together with some conclusions.

BARI, R.; ET AL.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Multiple Pathways for Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation by Ru(V)?O3+ and Ru(IV)?O2+  

SciTech Connect

Significant rate enhancements are found for benzyl alcohol oxidation by the Ru{sup V}?O{sup 3+} form of the water oxidation catalyst [Ru(Mebimpy)(bpy)(OH{sub 2})]{sup 2+} [Mebimpy = 2,6-bis(1-methylbenzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine; bpy = 2,2?-bipyridine] compared to Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} and for the Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} form with added bases due to a new pathway involving concerted hydride proton transfer (HPT).

Paul, Amit; Hull, Jonathan F; Norris, Michael R; Chen, Zuofeng; Ess, Daniel H.; Concepcion, Javier J; Meyer, Thomas J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Multiple Pathways for Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation by RuV=O3+ and RuIV=O2+  

SciTech Connect

Significant rate enhancements are found for benzyl alcohol oxidation by the Ru{sup V}?O{sup 3+} form of the water oxidation catalyst [Ru(Mebimpy)(bpy)(OH{sub 2})]{sup 2+} [Mebimpy = 2,6-bis(1-methylbenzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine; bpy = 2,2?-bipyridine] compared to Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} and for the Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} form with added bases due to a new pathway, concerted hydride proton transfer (HPT).

Paul, Amit; Hull, Jonathan F; Norris, Michael R; Chen, Zuofeng; Ess, Daniel H; Concepcion, Javier J; Meyer, Thomas J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Ciencias Agrarias Plan de Actuacin 2014-2017 Anexo IV: Plan de Actuacin del rea de Ciencias Agrarias  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 1 4 7 Plan de Actuación Área de Ciencias Agrarias #12;2 Plan de Actuación 2014-2017 Anexo IV: Plan de Actuación del Área de Ciencias Agrarias 1 1 4 7 Plan de Actuación del Área de Ciencias Agrarias RESumEN EjECutIvO La misión del Área de Ciencias Agrarias (CCAGR) es generar el conocimiento cientí

Fitze, Patrick

259

Chemical Structure and Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2154-3 2154-3 UC-400 Annual Report 2000 Chemical Structure and Dynamics Steven D. Colson, Associate Director Robin S. McDowell, Program Manager and the Staff of the Chemical Structure and Dynamics Program April 2001 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 Chemical Structure and Dynamics 2000 Annual Report Contents Chemical Structure and Dynamics 2000 Annual Report Chemical Structure and Dynamics 2000 Annual Report 1. Introduction Chemical Structure and Dynamics Program......................................................... 1-3 2. Reaction Mechanisms at Liquid Interfaces Structure and Reactivity of Ice Surfaces and Interfaces G. A. Kimmel, Z. Dohnálek, K. P. Stevenson, R. S. Smith,

260

Dynamic Instruction Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SANTA CRUZ DYNAMIC INSTRUCTION FUSION A thesis submitted in4 2.2 Instruction Fusion & Complex10 3.1 Fusion Selection

Lee, Ian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Accelerated Molecular Dynamics Methods  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation on Accelerated Molecular Dynamics Methods was given at the DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials on May 18, 2006.

262

Environmental assessment for operations, upgrades, and modifications in SNL/NM Technical Area IV  

SciTech Connect

The proposed action for this EA for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico Technical Area IV, includes continuing existing operations, modification of an existing accelerator (Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator II) to support defnese-related Z-pinch experiments, and construction of two transformer oil storage tanks to support the expansion of the Advanced Pulsed Power Research Module, a single pulse accelerator. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE believes that the proposed action is not a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of NEPA and CEQ NEPA implementing regulations in 40 CFR 1508.18 and 1508.27. Therefore, an environmental impact statement is not required, and a Finding of No Significant Impact is issued.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

ERANOS 2.1 : International Code System for GEN IV Fast Reactor Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The aim of the paper is to present the new release of the European Reactor Analysis Optimized code System, ERANOS 2.1. This version has been developed and validated to establish a suitable basis for reliable neutronic calculations of current, as well as advanced fast reactor cores of the GEN IV International Forum. The latest version of the ERANOS code and data system, ERANOS 2.1, contains all of the functions required for reference and design calculations of Liquid Metal Fast Reactors (LMFR's), with extended capabilities for treating advanced reactor fuel subassemblies and cores of Gas Cooled Fast Reactors (GCFR's). The releases of recent, modern neutron data libraries: JENDL-3.3 in 2002, JEFF-3.1 in 2005 and soon ENDF/B-VII are also available. (authors)

Ruggieri, J.M.; Tommasi, J.; Lebrat, J.F.; Suteau, C.; Plisson-Rieunier, D.; De Saint Jean, C.; Rimpault, G.; Sublet, J.C. [CEA/DEN/DER/SPRC/LEPH, CEA/Cadarache, 13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance, Cedex (France)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV C2-303 Collogue C2, suppl. au Journal de Physique II, Vol. 1, septembre 1991  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV C2-303 Collogue C2, suppl. au Journal de Physique II, Vol. 1, septembre 1991). In these conditions, conductance versus temperarature curves can exhibit maxima with some gases. There are principally and available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/jp4:1991237 #12;JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV possible, in some cases

Boyer, Edmond

265

Nox reduction with CO over supported Pd catalysts under simulated post Euro-IV diesel exhaust conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The catalytic reduction of NOx with CO over Pd/Al2O3 and Pd/TiO2/Al2O3 under simulated post Euro-IV diesel exhaust conditions was studied. The catalytic activities obtained...2 loadings and total amounts of reduc...

Yinghua Li; Dae-Won Lee; Young-Chul Ko…

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Water management studies in PEM fuel cells, part IV: Effects of channel surface wettability, geometry and orientation on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water management studies in PEM fuel cells, part IV: Effects of channel surface wettability in the commercialization of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) due to its association with the performance, cost-phase flow in parallel gas channels of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are investigated. Ex situ

Kandlikar, Satish

267

KINETICS OF OXIDATION OF AQUEOUS SULFUR(IV) BY NITROGEN DIOXIDE YIN-NAN LEE AND STEPHEN E. SCHWARTZ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, reagent gas solubilities, mass trans- fer, stoichiometry, and reaction rate were not systematicallyKINETICS OF OXIDATION OF AQUEOUS SULFUR(IV) BY NITROGEN DIOXIDE YIN-NAN LEE AND STEPHEN E. SCHWARTZ for the oxidation of these compounds and their incorpo- ration into atmospheric liquid water are not fully

Schwartz, Stephen E.

268

Plutonium(IV) Reduction by the Metal-Reducing Bacteria Geobacter metallireducens GS15 and Shewanella oneidensis MR1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effectively treat with traditional remedial approaches. Currently, there...has been recommended as a remedial strategy for U-contaminated...these environments. A recent investigation of the stability of U(IV...been suggested as a possible remedial strategy for actinide-contaminated...

Hakim Boukhalfa; Gary A. Icopini; Sean D. Reilly; Mary P. Neu

2007-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

269

Efficient dehydration of carbohydrates to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids catalyzed by tin(IV) phosphonate and zirconium phosphonate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, we synthesized tin(IV) phosphonate (SnBPMA) and zirconium phosphonate (ZrBPMA) by the reaction of SnCl4·5H2O or ZrOCl2·8H2O with N,N...-bis(phosphonomethyl)aminoacetic acid, which was synthesized fr...

Hui Ning; JinLiang Song; MinQiang Hou; DeZhong Yang; HongLei Fan…

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Influence of photoperiod on the time of birth in the rat. IV. Effects of an imposed feeding rhythm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al., 1980 ; Miyabo et al., 1980). Periodic food distribution has often been utilized in ratsInfluence of photoperiod on the time of birth in the rat. IV. Effects of an imposed feeding rhythm on the time of birth in rats, the onset of fetus expulsion was determined in six experimental groups. Under

Boyer, Edmond

271

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C1, supplkment au Journal de Physique 111,Volume 5,janvier 1995  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Positron Annihilation Characteristics in Perfect and Imperfect Transition Metal Carbides and Nitrides M-principles electronic structure and positron state calculations for transition metal carbides and nitrides are performed with recent positron lifetime measurements for group IV and V refractory metal carbides and in hexagonal WC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

272

J. PHYS IV FRANCE 7 (1997) Colloque C1, Supplkmentau Journal de Physique I11 de mars 1997  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar furnace [I]. A charge of 5g of (Ni,Mn) ferrite powder mixed with 7.5g of A1203 grains was loadedinJ. PHYS IV FRANCE 7 (1997) Colloque C1, Supplkmentau Journal de Physique I11 de mars 1997 Solar was reversible and could be carried out repeatedly. 1. INTRODUCTION Solar thermal production of hydrogen

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

J. PHYS IV FRANCE 7 (1997) Colioque C1, Suppl6mentau Journal de Physique111de mars 1997  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

furnace. Samples were directly exposed for short time intervals to a solar flux irradiation of 300 WIcm furnace and in a high-flux solar furnace. This note summarizesthe main results obtained. 2. EXPERIMENTALJ. PHYS IV FRANCE 7 (1997) Colioque C1, Suppl6mentau Journal de Physique111de mars 1997 The Solar

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

274

Seminar N 03301, Dynamically  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seminar Nº 03301, Dynamically Reconfigurable Architectures A Mead-&-Conway-like Break ·Ametek ·Applied Dynamics ·Astronautics ·BBN ·CDC ·Convex ·Cray Computer ·Cray Research ·Culler-Harris

Hartenstein, Reiner

275

Photosynthesis in Dynamic Animations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photosynthesis in Dynamic Animations ... To support chemistry instruction in high school we created a series of interactive animations that show photosynthetic processes in a eukaryotic cell. ... The example from the educational program “Photosynthesis in Dynamic Animations”, the description of photosynthetic cell. ...

Milada Teplá; Helena Klímová

2013-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

276

Solar Dynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dynamics Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Dynamics Place: Ottumwa, Iowa Zip: IA 52501 Sector: Solar Product: Solar Dynamics is a US-based solar powered attic roof vents...

277

Beam Dynamics for Induction Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamics for Induction Accelerators Edward P. Lee Lawrencea natural candidate accelerator for a heavy ion fusion (HIF)words: Fusion, Induction, Accelerators, Dynamics This work

Lee, E.P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Towards a Hybrid Dynamic Logic for Hybrid Dynamic Systems1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HyLo 2006 Towards a Hybrid Dynamic Logic for Hybrid Dynamic Systems1 Andr´e Platzer2 Carnegie platzer@informatik.uni-oldenburg.de Abstract We introduce a hybrid variant of a dynamic logic for this extended hybrid dynamic logic. With the addition of satisfaction operators, this hybrid logic provides

Platzer, André

279

The Crystal Structure of a High-Spin Oxoiron(IV) Complex and Characterization of Its Self-Decay Pathway  

SciTech Connect

[Fe{sup IV}(O)(TMG{sub 3}tren)]{sup 2+} (1; TMG{sub 3}tren = 1,1,1-tris{l_brace}2-[N{sup 2}-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidino)]ethyl{r_brace}amine) is a unique example of an isolable synthetic S = 2 oxoiron(IV) complex, which serves as a model for the high-valent oxoiron(IV) intermediates observed in nonheme iron enzymes. Congruent with DFT calculations predicting a more reactive S = 2 oxoiron(IV) center, 1 has a lifetime significantly shorter than those of related S = 1 oxoiron(IV) complexes. The self-decay of 1 exhibits strictly first-order kinetic behavior and is unaffected by solvent deuteration, suggesting an intramolecular process. This hypothesis was supported by ESI-MS analysis of the iron products and a significant retardation of self-decay upon use of a perdeuteromethyl TMG{sub 3}tren isotopomer, d{sub 36}-1 (KIE = 24 at 25 C). The greatly enhanced thermal stability of d{sub 36}-1 allowed growth of diffraction quality crystals for which a high-resolution crystal structure was obtained. This structure showed an Fe=O unit (r = 1.661(2) {angstrom}) in the intended trigonal bipyramidal geometry enforced by the sterically bulky tetramethylguanidinyl donors of the tetradentate tripodal TMG{sub 3}tren ligand. The close proximity of the methyl substituents to the oxoiron unit yielded three symmetrically oriented short C-D {hor_ellipsis} O nonbonded contacts (2.38-2.49 {angstrom}), an arrangement that facilitated self-decay by rate-determining intramolecular hydrogen atom abstraction and subsequent formation of a ligand-hydroxylated iron(III) product. EPR and Moessbauer quantification of the various iron products, referenced against those obtained from reaction of 1 with 1,4-cyclohexadiene, allowed formulation of a detailed mechanism for the self-decay process. The solution of this first crystal structure of a high-spin (S = 2) oxoiron(IV) center represents a fundamental step on the path toward a full understanding of these pivotal biological intermediates.

England, J.; Guo, Y; Farquhar, E; Young, Jr., V; Münck, E; Que, Jr., L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Fundamentals of Dynamical Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the purposes of control system design, analysis, test, and repair, the most important part of the very broad subject known as system theory is the theory of dynamical systems. It is difficult to give a pre...

William S. Levine

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Swarms in dynamic environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Charged particle swarm optimization (CPSO) is well suited to the dynamic search problem since inter-particle repulsion maintains population diversity and good tracking can be achieved with a simple algorithm. This work extends the application of CPSO ...

T. M. Blackwell

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Biological Interactions and Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PNNL-20717 Biological Interactions and Dynamics Science Theme Advisory Panel (BID-STAP) May 2011 Report: September 2011 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of...

283

Testing dynamically reconfigurable FPGAs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, testing methods are proposed to test the ics. logic resources and the interconnect structure of dynamically reconfigurable FPGAS. Testing methods are also proposed for testing the dedicated CPU interface in these FPGAS. A BIST...

Ruiwale, Sameer Jagadish

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

284

Accelerating dynamic programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Programming (DP) is a fundamental problem-solving technique that has been widely used for solving a broad range of search and optimization problems. While DP can be invoked when more specialized methods fail, this ...

Weimann, Oren

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Dynamic Instruction Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

File Size Dynamic Read Energy (nJ) # of Ports Figure 17:with fewer ports, are much less expensive energy-wise. By “Energy by Register File Size Leakage Power (mW) # of Ports

Lee, Ian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

BigBOSS: The Ground-Based Stage IV Dark Energy Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The BigBOSS experiment is a proposed DOE-NSF Stage IV ground-based dark energy experiment to study baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and the growth of structure with an all-sky galaxy redshift survey. The project is designed to unlock the mystery of dark energy using existing ground-based facilities operated by NOAO. A new 4000-fiber R=5000 spectrograph covering a 3-degree diameter field will measure BAO and redshift space distortions in the distribution of galaxies and hydrogen gas spanning redshifts from 0.2merit (DETF FoM) for this experiment is expected to be equal to that of a JDEM mission for BAO with the lower risk and cost typical of a ground-based experiment. This project will enable an unprecedented multi-object spectroscopic capability for the U.S. community through an existing NOAO facility. The U.S. community would have access directly to this instrument/telescope combination, as well as access to the legacy archives that will be created by the ...

Schlegel, David J; Heetderks, Henry; Ho, Shirley; Lampton, Michael; Levi, Michael; Mostek, Nick; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Perlmutter, Saul; Roe, Natalie; Sholl, Michael; Smoot, George; White, Martin; Dey, Arjun; Abraham, Tony; Jannuzi, Buell; Joyce, Dick; Liang, Ming; Merrill, Mike; Olsen, Knut; Salim, Samir

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Effect of aging on the solubility and crystallinity of Np(IV) hydrous oxide  

SciTech Connect

Neptunium(IV) hydrous oxide (NpO/sub 2/ x xH/sub 2/O) was aged in aqueous suspensions with pH values ranging from 4 to 12. Initially amorphous NpO/sub 2/ x xH/sub 2/O developed strong X-ray diffraction peaks within one month that corresponded to crystalline NpO/sub 2/. The oxidation state analyses of the 1.8 nm filtered solutions showed the Np to be primarily present as Np(V). The solubility of NpO/sub 2/ x xH/sub 2/O in suspensions at pH values < 8.5 followed the NpO/sub 2/ x xH/sub 2/O in equilibrium NpO/sub 2//sup +/ + e/sup -/ + xH/sub 2/O reaction with an apparent log K/sup 0/ (after 200 days) of -10 +/- 1. The results of the aqueous suspensions with pH values > 8.5 were complicated by the partial conversion of the NpO/sub 2/ x xH/sub 2/O to an amorphous, oxidized Np solid, and possibly by Np aqueous speciation other than NpO/sub 2/OH/sup 0/. 13 references, 4 figures, 3 tables.

Strickert, R.G.; Rai, D.; Fulton, R.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Method and apparatus for I-V data acquisition from solar cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for logging current-voltage (I-V) characteristic d of a solar cell module (10) in two modes using a portable instrument. One mode controls the load current through a circuit (36) in 256 equal intervals while voltage is measured from open circuit to at least halfway into the knee of the curve and the other mode controls the load voltage through a circuit (34) in 256 equal intervals from the lowest voltage measurement possible (short circuit) to at least halfway into the knee of the curve, under control of a microcomputer (12). All measurements are packed by discarding each measurement that is within 0.5% of the value predicted from two previous measurements, except every ninth (9th) measurement which is retained. The remaining data is further packed into a memory block of a detachable storage medium (14) by recording the data points in sequence following a header containing data common to all points, with each point having the value of the controlled parameter recorded as the number of increments from the previous point recorded followed by the measured value. The detachable storage medium is preferably a solid state device for reliability, and is transferable to a playback terminal which unpacks the data for analysis and display.

Cole, Steven W. (Covina, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Computational Model of the Mark-IV Electrorefiner: Two-Dimensional Potential and Current Distributions  

SciTech Connect

A computational model of the Mark-IV electrorefiner is currently being developed as a joint project between Idaho National Laboratory, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Seoul National University, and the University of Idaho. As part of this model, the two-dimensional potential and current distributions within the molten salt electrolyte are calculated for U3+ , Zr4+ , and Pu3+ along with the total distributions, using the partial differential equation solver of the commercial Matlab software. The electrical conductivity of the electrolyte solution is shown to depend primarily on the composition of the electrolyte and to average 205 mho/m with a standard deviation of 2.5 × 10-5% throughout the electrorefining process. These distributions show that the highest potential gradients (thus, the highest current) exist directly between the two anodes and cathode. The total, uranium, and plutonium potential gradients are shown to increase throughout the process, with a slight decrease in that of zirconium. The distributions also show small potential gradients and very little current flow in the region far from the operating electrodes.

Supathorn Phongikaroon; Steven Herrmann; Michael F. Simpson

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Characterization of a mixed salt of 1-hydroxy-pyridin-2-one Pu(IV)complexes  

SciTech Connect

Most expert analyses of the projected world energy needs show utilization of nuclear energy will be essential for the next few decades, and hence the need to support this technology grows. But as one measure of the supporting science base of this field, as of December 2006, only 25 Pu containing structures were in the Cambridge Structural Database, as compared to 21,807 for Fe. A comparison of the rate of addition to this knowledge base reveals that approximately 500 Fe structures are registered with the Cambridge Structural Database every year, while in the same period only two or three Pu crystal structures are published. A continuing objective of this laboratory has been the development of new sequestering agents for actinide decorporation and selective extractions. This effort has been based on similarities in the properties of Pu(IV) and Fe(III), and the chelating groups in microbial Fe(III) sequestering agents, siderophores. The HOPO ligands (Figure 1) are one such class of chelating group which have been investigated as selective actinide extractants.

Gorden, Anne E.V.; Xu, Jide; Szigethy, Geza; Oliver, Allen; Shuh,David K.; Raymond, Kenneth N.

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

291

Validation of Nuclear Criticality Safety Software and 27 energy group ENDF/B-IV cross sections  

SciTech Connect

The validation documented in this report is based on calculations that were executed during June through August 1992, and was completed in June 1993. The statistical analyses in Appendix C and Appendix D were completed in October 1993. This validation gives Portsmouth NCS personnel a basis for performing computerized KENO V.a calculations using the Martin Marietta Nuclear Criticality Safety Software. The first portion of the document outlines basic information in regard to validation of NCSS using ENDF/B-IV 27-group cross sections on the IBM 3090 at ORNL. A basic discussion of the NCSS system is provided, some discussion on the validation database and validation in general. Then follows a detailed description of the statistical analysis which was applied. The results of this validation indicate that the NCSS software may be used with confidence for criticality calculations at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. When the validation results are treated as a single group, there is 95% confidence that 99.9% of future calculations of similar critical systems will have a calculated K{sub eff} > 0.9616. Based on this result the Portsmouth Nuclear Criticality Safety Department has adopted the calculational acceptance criteria that a k{sub eff} + 2{sigma} {le} 0.95 is safety subcritical. The validation of NCSS on the IBM 3090 at ORNL was extended to include NCSS on the IBM 3090 at K-25.

Lee, B.L. Jr.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Multipulsed dynamic moire interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved dynamic moire interferometer comprised of a lasing medium providing a plurality of beams of coherent light, a multiple q-switch producing multiple trains of 100,000 or more pulses per second, a combining means collimating multiple trains of pulses into substantially a single train and directing beams to specimen gratings affixed to a test material, and a controller, triggering and sequencing the emission of the pulses with the occurrence and recording of a dynamic loading event.

Deason, Vance A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Photochemical reaction dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the program is to develop a fundamental understanding of unimolecular and bimolecular reaction dynamics with application in combustion and energy systems. The energy dependence in ketene isomerization, ketene dissociation dynamics, and carbonyl substitution on organometallic rhodium complexes in liquid xenon have been studied. Future studies concerning unimolecular processes in ketene as well as energy transfer and kinetic studies of methylene radicals are discussed.

Moore, B.C. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Local Writhing Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an alternative local definition of the writhe of a self-avoiding closed loop which differs from the traditional non-local definition by an integer. When studying dynamics this difference is immaterial. We employ a formula due to Aldinger, Klapper and Tabor for the change in writhe and propose a set of local, link preserving dynamics in an attempt to unravel some puzzles about actin.

Randall D. Kamien

1997-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

295

Aspects of Applied Biology 112, 2011 Biomass and Energy Crops IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, biomass yields, bioenergy Introduction The United States'Energy Independence and SecurityAct of 2007 (EISA; Fargione et al., 2008). Producing more corn-based ethanol may increase food prices due to changing market dynamics. Alternative bioenergy options include non-food biomass feedstock from perennial crops and more

Weiblen, George D

296

Quantum effects in the early Universe. IV. Nonlocal effects in particle production in anisotropic models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamical equation governing the evolution of the effective geometry in the presence of the production of conformally invariant scalar particles is solved for a homogeneous model cosmology with small anisotropy and classical radiation. The pair-production probabilities and spectrum are calculated in the one-loop approximation to lowest nonvanishing order in the deviation from exact isotropy.

James B. Hartle

1980-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Multi-scale approach to the modeling of fission gas discharge during hypothetical loss-of-flow accident in gen-IV sodium fast reactor  

SciTech Connect

The required technological and safety standards for future Gen IV Reactors can only be achieved if advanced simulation capabilities become available, which combine high performance computing with the necessary level of modeling detail and high accuracy of predictions. The purpose of this paper is to present new results of multi-scale three-dimensional (3D) simulations of the inter-related phenomena, which occur as a result of fuel element heat-up and cladding failure, including the injection of a jet of gaseous fission products into a partially blocked Sodium Fast Reactor (SFR) coolant channel, and gas/molten sodium transport along the coolant channels. The computational approach to the analysis of the overall accident scenario is based on using two different inter-communicating computational multiphase fluid dynamics (CMFD) codes: a CFD code, PHASTA, and a RANS code, NPHASE-CMFD. Using the geometry and time history of cladding failure and the gas injection rate, direct numerical simulations (DNS), combined with the Level Set method, of two-phase turbulent flow have been performed by the PHASTA code. The model allows one to track the evolution of gas/liquid interfaces at a centimeter scale. The simulated phenomena include the formation and breakup of the jet of fission products injected into the liquid sodium coolant. The PHASTA outflow has been averaged over time to obtain mean phasic velocities and volumetric concentrations, as well as the liquid turbulent kinetic energy and turbulence dissipation rate, all of which have served as the input to the core-scale simulations using the NPHASE-CMFD code. A sliding window time averaging has been used to capture mean flow parameters for transient cases. The results presented in the paper include testing and validation of the proposed models, as well the predictions of fission-gas/liquid-sodium transport along a multi-rod fuel assembly of SFR during a partial loss-of-flow accident. (authors)

Behafarid, F.; Shaver, D. R. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States); Bolotnov, I. A. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Jansen, K. E. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Antal, S. P.; Podowski, M. Z. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Tracking the Sun IV: An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IV IV An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010 Galen Barbose Naïm Darghouth Ryan Wiser Joachim Seel September 2011 Tracking the Sun IV Contents An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010 Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Primary Authors: Galen Barbose, Naïm Darghouth, Ryan Wiser, and Joachim Seel Executive Summary ...................................................................................................... 1 1. Introduction .............................................................................................................. 5 2. Data Summary .......................................................................................................... 8

299

Suhr 7900.955 L*E+ru Pkzza. S. Iv.. Washington, D.C. 20024-i  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Suhr 7900.955 L*E+ru Pkzza. S. Iv.. Washington, D.C. 20024-i Suhr 7900.955 L*E+ru Pkzza. S. Iv.. Washington, D.C. 20024-i 7117~03.8J.cdy.4 23 September 19E M r. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear M r. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UN11 The attached elimination recommendation was prepar with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enc Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - F&RAP ! 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, Univerr and the University of Washington) currently identified list of sites under consideration; and six institution: tified during a search of Hanford records. The attached was prepared to document the eliminai

300

DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Record 13010: Onboard Type IV Compressed Hydrogen Storage Systems - Current Performance and Cost  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Record Record #: 13010 Date: June 11, 2013 Title: Onboard Type IV Compressed Hydrogen Storage Systems - Current Performance and Cost Originators: Scott McWhorter and Grace Ordaz Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: July 17, 2013 Item: This record summarizes the current status of the projected capacities and manufacturing costs of Type IV, 350- and 700-bar compressed hydrogen storage systems, storing 5.6 kg of usable hydrogen, for onboard light-duty automotive applications when manufactured at a volume of 500,000 units per year. The current projected performance and cost of these systems are presented in Table 1 against the DOE Hydrogen Storage System targets. These analyses were performed in support of the Hydrogen Storage

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Turning Segways into Robust Human-Scale Dynamically Balanced Soccer Robots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, we provide a detailed analysis of several ball manipulation/kicking systems and the implementation results of the CM-RMP pneumatic ball manipulation system. 1 Introduction Considerable research has been and limitations of the Segway and the mechanical systems necessary to create a robot Segway Soccer Player. Third

Browning, Brett

302

Exchange interactions in III-V and group-IV diluted magnetic semiconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effective pair exchange interactions between Mn atoms in III-V and group-IV diluted magnetic semiconductors are determined from a two-step first-principles procedure. In the first step, the self-consistent electronic structure of a system is calculated for a collinear spin structure at zero temperature with the substitutional disorder treated within the framework of the coherent-potential approximation. The effective exchange pair interactions are then obtained in a second step by mapping the total energies associated with rotations of magnetic moments onto an effective classical Heisenberg Hamiltonian using the magnetic force theorem and one-electron Green functions. The formalism is applied to Ga1-xMnxAs alloys with and without As antisites, and to Ge1-xMnx alloys recently studied experimentally. A detailed study of the behavior of pair exchange interactions as a function of the distance between magnetic atoms as well as a function of the concentrations of the magnetic atoms and compensating defects is presented. We have found that due to disorder and the half-metallic character of the system the pair exchange interactions are exponentially damped with increasing distance between the Mn atoms. The exchange interactions between Mn atoms are ferromagnetic for distances larger than the ones corresponding to the averaged nearest-neighbor Mn-Mn distance. The pair exchange interactions are also reduced with increasing concentrations of the Mn atoms and As antisites. As a simple application of the calculated exchange interactions we present mean-field estimates of Curie temperatures.

J. Kudrnovský; I. Turek; V. Drchal; F. Máca; P. Weinberger; P. Bruno

2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

303

c-Type Cytochrome-Dependent Formation of U(IV) Nanoparticles by Shewanella oneidensis  

SciTech Connect

Modern approaches for bioremediation of radionuclide contaminated environments are based on the ability of microorganisms to effectively catalyze changes in the oxidation states of metals that in turn influence their solubility. Although microbial metal reduction has been identified as an effective means for immobilizing highly-soluble uranium(VI) complexes in situ, the biomolecular mechanisms of U(VI) reduction are not well understood. Here, we show that c-type cytochromes of a dissimilatory metal reducing bacterium, Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 are essential for the reduction of U(VI) and formation of extracelluar UO2 nanoparticles. In particular, the outer membrane (OM) decaheme cytochrome MtrC, previously implicated in Mn(IV) and Fe(III) reduction, directly transferred electrons to U(VI). Additionally, deletions of mtrC and/or omcA significantly affected the in vivo U(VI) reduction rate relative to wild type MR-1. Similar to the wild type, the mutants accumulated UO2 nanoparticles extracellularly to high densities in association with an exopolymeric substance (EPS). In wild type cells, this UO2-EPS matrix exhibited glycocalyx-like properties, contained multiple elements of the OM, polysaccharide, and heme containing proteins. Using a novel combination of methods including synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy and high resolution immune-electron microscopy, we demonstrate a close association of the extracellular UO2 nanoparticles with MtrC and OmcA. This is the first study to directly localize the OM-associated cytochromes with EPS, which contains biogenic UO2 nanoparticles. In the environment, such association of UO2 nanoparticles with biopolymers may exert a strong influence on subsequent behavior including susceptibility to oxidation by O2 or transport in soils and sediments.

Marshall, Matthew J.; Beliaev, Alex S.; Dohnalkova, Alice; Kennedy, David W.; Shi, Liang; Wang, Zheming; Boyanov, Maxim I.; Lai, Barry; Kemner, Kenneth M.; Mclean, Jeffrey S.; Reed, Samantha B.; Culley, David E.; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Simonson, Cody J.; Saffarini, Daad; Romine, Margaret F.; Zachara, John M.; Fredrickson, Jim K.

2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

304

Transit Timing Observations from Kepler: IV. Confirmation of 4 Multiple Planet Systems by Simple Physical Models  

SciTech Connect

Eighty planetary systems of two or more planets are known to orbit stars other than the Sun. For most, the data can be sufficiently explained by non-interacting Keplerian orbits, so the dynamical interactions of these systems have not been observed. Here we present 4 sets of lightcurves from the Kepler spacecraft, which each show multiple planets transiting the same star. Departure of the timing of these transits from strict periodicity indicates the planets are perturbing each other: the observed timing variations match the forcing frequency of the other planet. This confirms that these objects are in the same system. Next we limit their masses to the planetary regime by requiring the system remain stable for astronomical timescales. Finally, we report dynamical fits to the transit times, yielding possible values for the planets masses and eccentricities. As the timespan of timing data increases, dynamical fits may allow detailed constraints on the systems architectures, even in cases for which high-precision Doppler follow-up is impractical.

Fabrycky, Daniel C.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Ford, Eric B.; /Florida U.; Steffen, Jason H.; /Fermilab; Rowe, Jason F.; /SETI Inst., Mtn. View /NASA, Ames; Carter, Joshua A.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Moorhead, Althea V.; /Florida U.; Batalha, Natalie M.; /San Jose State U.; Borucki, William J.; /NASA, Ames; Bryson, Steve; /NASA, Ames; Buchhave, Lars A.; /Bohr Inst. /Copenhagen U.; Christiansen, Jessie L.; /SETI Inst., Mtn. View /NASA, Ames /Caltech

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Dynamics of Sleep Stage Transitions in Health and Disease  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sleep dynamics emerges from complex interactions between neuronal populations in many brain regions. Annotated sleep stages from electroencephalography (EEG) recordings could potentially provide a non?invasive way to obtain valuable insights into the mechanisms of these interactions and ultimately into the very nature of sleep regulation. However to date sleep stage analysis has been restricted only very recently expanding the scope of the traditional descriptive statistics to more dynamical concepts of the duration of and transitions between vigilance states and temporal evaluation of transition probabilities among different stages. Physiological and/or pathological implications of the dynamics of sleep stage transitions have to date not been investigated. Here we study detailed duration and transition statistics among sleep stages in healthy humans and patients with chronic fatigue syndrome known to be associated with disturbed sleep. We find that the durations of waking and non?REM sleep in particular deep sleep (Stages III and IV) during the nighttime follow a power?law probability distribution function while REM sleep durations follow an exponential function suggestive of complex underlying mechanisms governing the onset of light sleep. We also find a substantial number of REM to non?REM transitions in humans while this transition is reported to be virtually non?existent in rats. Interestingly the probability of this REM to non?REM transition is significantly lower in the patients than in controls resulting in a significantly greater REM to awake together with Stage I to awake transition probability. This might potentially account for the reported poor sleep quality in the patients because the normal continuation of sleep after either the lightest or REM sleep is disrupted. We conclude that the dynamical transition analysis of sleep stages is useful for elucidating yet?to?be?determined human sleep regulation mechanisms with a pathophysiological implication.

Akifumi Kishi; Zbigniew R. Struzik; Benjamin H. Natelson; Fumiharu Togo; Yoshiharu Yamamoto

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Psychophysiological Identification of Depression Subtypes in Older Adults: Problematic Diagnostic Heterogeneity in the DSM-III-R and DSM-IV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The DSM-IV does not subclassify patients with depression ... may exist in all outcome studies that employ DSM definitions of depression. To establish that objectively ... or Anxious Depressed was...

Ron Acierno; Michel Hersen; Geoffrey Tremont…

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Comparing Social Skills in Children Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders According to the DSM-IV-TR and the Proposed DSM-5.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is currently defined using criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR). With the… (more)

Beighley, Jennifer Susan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Sequential Extraction Method for Determination of Fe(II/III) and U(IV/ VI) in Suspensions of Iron-Bearing Phyllosilicates and Uranium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electron donors to stimulate anaerobic conditions and reduce mobile uranyl (VI) to sparingly soluble uraninite (U(IV)O2(s)).1-3 However, further studies have shown that uraninite can be reoxidized by nitrate,4

Burgos, William

309

Surface Chemical Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface Chemical Dynamics Surface Chemical Dynamics The goal of the Surface Chemical Dynamics Program is to elucidate the underlying physical processes that determine the products (selectivity) and yield (efficiency) of chemical transformations relevant to energy-related chemistry on catalytic and nanostructured surfaces. Achieving this end requires understanding the evolution of the reactant-molecule/surface complex as molecules adsorb, bonds dissociate, surface species diffuse, new bonds form and products desorb. The pathways and time scales of these processes are ultimately determined by a multidimensional potential energy surface that is a function of the geometric and electronic structures of the surface and the reactant, product, intermediate and transition-state molecular and atomic species.

310

MAX Fluid Dynamics facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MAX Fluid Dynamics facility MAX Fluid Dynamics facility Capabilities Engineering Experimentation Reactor Safety Testing and Analysis Overview Nuclear Reactor Severe Accident Experiments MAX NSTF SNAKE Aerosol Experiments System Components Laser Applications Robots Applications Other Facilities Other Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr MAX Fluid Dynamics facility Providing high resolution data for development of computational tools that model fluid flow and heat transfer within complex systems such as the core of a nuclear reactor. 1 2 3 4 5 Hot and cold air jets are mixed within a glass tank while laser-based anemometers and a high-speed infrared camera characterize fluid flow and heat transfer behavior. Click on image to view larger size image.

311

Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopy  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic transmission electron microscopy (DTEM) combines the benefits of high spatial resolution electron microscopy with the high temporal resolution of ultrafast lasers. The incorporation of these two components into a single instrument provides a perfect platform for in situ observations of material processes. However, previous DTEM applications have focused on observing structural changes occurring in samples exposed to high vacuum. Therefore, in order to expand the pump-probe experimental regime to more natural environmental conditions, in situ gas and liquid chambers must be coupled with Dynamic TEM. This chapter describes the current and future applications of in situ liquid DTEM to permit time-resolved atomic scale observations in an aqueous environment, Although this chapter focuses mostly on in situ liquid imaging, the same research potential exists for in situ gas experiments and the successful integration of these techniques promises new insights for understanding nanoparticle, catalyst and biological protein dynamics with unprecedented spatiotemporal resolution.

Evans, James E.; Jungjohann, K. L.; Browning, Nigel D.

2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

312

View dependent fluid dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VIEW DEPENDENT FLUID DYNAMICS A Thesis by BRIAN ARTHUR BARRAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2006 Major Subject: Visualization... Sciences VIEW DEPENDENT FLUID DYNAMICS A Thesis by BRIAN ARTHUR BARRAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Donald...

Barran, Brian Arthur

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

313

Dissipative Dynamics of Enzymes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore enzyme conformational dynamics at sub-Å resolution, specifically, temperature effects. The ensemble-averaged mechanical response of the folded enzyme is viscoelastic in the whole temperature range between the warm and cold denaturation transitions. The dissipation parameter ? of the viscoelastic description decreases by a factor of 2 as the temperature is raised from 10 to 45?°C; the elastic parameter K shows a similar decrease. Thus, when probed dynamically, the enzyme softens for increasing temperature. Equilibrium mechanical experiments with the DNA spring (and a different enzyme) also show, qualitatively, a small softening for increasing temperature.

Amila Ariyaratne; Chenhao Wu; Chiao-Yu Tseng; Giovanni Zocchi

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

314

Quantum spin dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The classical Landau-Lifshitz equation has been derived from quantum mechanics. Starting point is the assumption of a non-Hermitian Hamilton operator to take the energy dissipation into account. The corresponding quantum mechanical time dependent Schr\\"odinger, Liouville and Heisenberg equation have been described and the similarities and differences between classical and quantum mechanical spin dynamics have been discussed. Furthermore, a time dependent Schr\\"odinger equation corresponding to the classical Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation and two ways to include temperature into the quantum mechanical spin dynamics have been proposed.

Robert Wieser

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

315

Electronic Spectroscopy & Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The Gordon Research Conference (GRC) on Electronic Spectroscopy and Dynamics was held at Colby College, Waterville, NH from 07/19/2009 thru 07/24/2009. The Conference was well-attended with participants (attendees list attached). The attendees represented the spectrum of endeavor in this field coming from academia, industry, and government laboratories, both U.S. and foreign scientists, senior researchers, young investigators, and students. The GRC on Electronic Spectroscopy & Dynamics showcases some of the most recent experimental and theoretical developments in electronic spectroscopy that probes the structure and dynamics of isolated molecules, molecules embedded in clusters and condensed phases, and bulk materials. Electronic spectroscopy is an important tool in many fields of research, and this GRC brings together experts having diverse backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biophysics, and materials science, making the meeting an excellent opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of ideas and techniques. Topics covered in this GRC include high-resolution spectroscopy, biological molecules in the gas phase, electronic structure theory for excited states, multi-chromophore and single-molecule spectroscopies, and excited state dynamics in chemical and biological systems.

Mark Maroncelli, Nancy Ryan Gray

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

316

Dynamic Modelling, Measurement and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Modelling, Measurement and Control of Co-rotating Twin-Screw Extruders Justin Rae Elsey, B;Summary Co-rotating twin-screw extruders are unique and versatile machines that are used widely that these extruders are currently being optimally utilised. The most signi cant improvement to the eld of twin-screw

Fernandez, Thomas

317

NEWS & VIEWS Glass dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEWS & VIEWS Glass dynamics Diverging views on glass transition Gregory B. mc.mckenna@ttu.edu T he glass transition is one of the most intriguing phenomena in the world of soft condensed matter. Despite decades of study, many aspects of the behaviour of glass-forming liquids remain elusive

Weeks, Eric R.

318

NEPTUNIUM IV AND V SORPTIN TO END-MEMBER SUBSURFACE SEDIMENTS TO THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

SciTech Connect

Migration of Np through the subsurface is expected to be primarily controlled by sorption to sediments. Therefore, understanding and quantifying Np sorption to sediments and sediments from the Savannah River Site (SRS) is vital to ensure safe disposal of Np bearing wastes. In this work, Np sorption to two sediments representing the geological extremes with respect to sorption properties expected in the SRS subsurface environment (named 'subsurface sandy sediment' and 'subsurface clayey sediment') was examined under a variety of conditions. First a series of baseline sorption tests at pH 5.5 under an oxic atmosphere was performed to understand Np sorption under typical subsurface conditions. These experiments indicated that the baseline K{sub d} values for the subsurface sandy and subsurface clayey sediments are 4.26 {+-} 0.24 L kg{sup -1} and 9.05 {+-} 0.61 L kg{sup -1}, respectively. These Np K{sub d} values of SRS sediments are the first to be reported since Sheppard et al. (1979). The previous values were 0.25 and 0.16 L kg{sup -1} for a low pH sandy sediment. To examine a possible range of K{sub d} values under various environmental scenarios, the effects of natural organic matter (NOM, also a surrogate for cellulose degradation products), the presence of various chemical reductants, and an anaerobic atmosphere on Np sorption were examined. The presence of NOM resulted in an increase in the Np K{sub d} values for both sediments. This behavior is hypothesized to be the result of formation of a ternary Np-NOM-sediment complex. Slight increases in the Np sorption (K{sub d} 13-24 L kg{sup -1}) were observed when performing experiments in the presence of chemical reductants (dithionite, ascorbic acid, zero-valent iron) or under anaerobic conditions. Presumably, the increased sorption can be attributed to a slight reduction of Np(V) to Np(IV), the stronger sorbing form of Np. The most significant result of this study is the finding that Np weakly sorbs to both end member sediments and that Np only has a slight tendency to reduce to its stronger sorbing form, even under the most strongly reducing conditions expected under natural SRS conditions. Also, it appears that pH has a profound effect on Np sorption. Based on the these new measurements and the revelations about Np redox chemistry, the following changes to 'Best K{sub d}' values, as defined in Kaplan (2006), for SRS performance assessment calculations are recommended.

Kaplan, D.

2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

319

"Group IV Nanomembranes, Nanoribbons, and Quantum Dots: Processing, Characterization, and Novel Devices"  

SciTech Connect

This theoretical project has been carried out in close interaction with the experimental project at UW-Madison under the same title led by PI Max Lagally and co-PI Mark Eriksson. Extensive computational studies have been performed to address a broad range of topics from atomic structure, stability, mechanical property, to electronic structure, optoelectronic and transport properties of various nanoarchitectures in the context of Si and other solid nanomembranes. These have been done by using combinations of different theoretical and computational approaches, ranging from first-principles calculations and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to finite-element (FE) analyses and continuum modeling.

liu, feng

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

320

Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control IV -Restructuring, August 24-28, Santorini, Greece. Improving Pacific Inter-tie Stability Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and C) Slatt TCSC (on the Slatt-Buckley 500 kV line); and 2) to design robust controls@eecs.wsu.edu Transmission Operations and Planning Bonneville Power Administration Vancouver, WA 98666-0491 Abstract voltage control needs for the stability support of COI lines in the Pacific Northwest system. The proposed

Venkatasubramanian, Mani V.

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321

Dynamics of acyclic interval maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vol. 6 (2009) Dynamics of acyclic interval maps [16] D.orbits and bifurcation of maps of the interval. SIAM J.Dynamics of acyclic interval maps Morris W. Hirsch He who

Hirsch, Morris W

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Models of Dynamical Supersymmetry Breaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review a class of models of dynamical supersymmetry breaking, and give a unified description of these models.

Lisa Randall

1997-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

323

Flow instabilities of magnetic flux tubes IV. Flux storage in the solar overshoot region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the effects of material flows on the dynamics of toroidal magnetic flux tubes located close to the base of the solar convection zone, initially within the overshoot region. The problem is to find the physical conditions in which magnetic flux can be stored for periods comparable to the dynamo amplification time, which is of the order of a few years. We carry out nonlinear numerical simulations to investigate the stability and dynamics of thin flux tubes subject to perpendicular and longitudinal flows. We compare the simulations with the results of simplified analytical approximations. We determine ranges of the flow parameters for which a linearly Parker-stable magnetic flux tube is stored in the middle of the overshoot region for a period comparable to the dynamo amplification time. The residence time for magnetic flux tubes with fluxes of 2x10^{21} Mx in the convective overshoot layer is comparable to the dynamo amplification time, provided that the average speed and the duration of the downflow...

Isik, Emre

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Technical and economic evaluation of the utilization of solar energy at South Africa's SANAE IV base in Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technical and economic feasibility of utilizing solar energy at South Africa's SANAE IV station in Antarctica was evaluated in order to estimate potential financial and external savings, and to alleviate the programme's dependence on the special blend of diesel shipped annually from Cape Town. The average global horizontal and tilted insolation rates at the base were studied, energy consumption data of the station was investigated, technical performance characteristics of devices for harnessing solar energy were assessed and an economic analysis was completed. It was shown that at SANAE IV flat-plate solar thermal collectors could potentially be used in conjunction with the snow smelter (a device that meets the station's fresh water demand) and that photovoltaic modules could feasibly be used to reduce the station's electrical demand. Flat-plate solar thermal collectors could collect solar energy at an average of 3.13 R/kWh (viz. 0.49 US$/kWh) from a suggested 143 m2 array, while comparatively a 40 kWp photovoltaic system would be less economically sound and only able to pay back costs at the end of the system's expected 25-year lifetime, generating electricity at an estimated 3.20 R/kWh (annual electrical consumption at SANAE IV amounts to more than 1062 MWh). The total diesel savings of the solar thermal and photovoltaic systems were estimated at approximately 12 245 and 9958 l, respectively, which represent savings in externalities of R67 338 and R55 879 each.

Jürgen R. Olivier; Thomas M. Harms; Daniël J. Esterhuyse

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Estimate of the allowable dimensions of diagnosed defects in category III and IV welded pipeline joints{sup 1}  

SciTech Connect

An approach for estimating the permissible dimensions of technological defects in butt welded joints in category III and IV pipelines is described. The allowable size of a welding defect is determined from the condition of compliance with the specifications on strength for a reference cross section (damaged joint) of the pipeline taking into account its weakening by a given defect.With regard to the fairly widespread discovery of technological defects in butt welded joints during diagnostics of auxiliary pipelines for thermal electric power plants, the proposed approach can be used in practice by repair and consulting organizations.

Grin', E. A.; Bochkarev, V. I. [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)] [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Accelerated Molecular Dynamics Methods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamics Methods Dynamics Methods for Infrequent Events Arthur F. Voter Theoretical Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico U.S. Department of Energy Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials Crystal City, VA May 18, 2006 Los Alamos Acknowledgments Blas P. Uberuaga (LANL, MST-8) Francesco Montalenti (U. Milano-Bicocca) Graeme Henkelman (U. Texas at Austin) Timothy C. Germann (LANL, X-7) James A. Sprague (NRL) Mads Sorensen (Novo Nordisk A/S, Copenhagen) Sriram Swaminarayan (LANL, MST-8) Steve Stuart (Clemson) David Sholl (Carnegie Mellon) John Hamilton (Sandia) Wolfgang Windl (Ohio State) Roger Smith (U. Loughborough) Robin Grimes (Imperial College) Kurt Sickafus (LANL, MST-8) Jacques Amar (U. Toledo) DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences Motorola Intel Los Alamos Outline

327

Dynamic Adaptation using Xen  

SciTech Connect

The topic of virtualization has received renewed attention. Xen is a popular open source type-I hypervisor. The Xen hypervisor currently has limited capabilities for runtime modification to the core hypervisor, which impairs research into dynamic adaptation for system-level virtualization. This paper discusses recent investigations into the feasibility of extending Xen to support runtime adaptation for core hypervisor service, e.g., scheduler.

Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL; Vallee, Geoffroy R [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Oligocene climate dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Sweden Received 18 April 2004; revised 30 July 2004; accepted 20 September 2004; published 8 December 2004. [1] A planktonic and benthic foraminiferal stable isotope stratigraphy of the Oligocene equatorial Pacific (Ocean Drilling Program, Site 1218...: Paleoceanography; 9355 Information Related to Geographic Region: Pacific Ocean; KEYWORDS: Oligocene, stable isotopes, ice volume Citation: Wade, B. S., and H. Pa?like (2004), Oligocene climate dynamics, Paleoceanography, 19, PA4019, doi:10.1029/2004PA001042. 1...

Wade, Bridget S.; Palike, Heiko

329

Grazing-incidence antireflection films. IV. Application to Mössbauer filtering of synchrotron radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In principle, a very bright, monochromatic 1-A? signal with ? ???10-8–10-6 eV can be filtered from white synchrotron radiation by multiple reflection at grazing incidence from mirrors coated with grazing-incidence antireflection (GIAR) films in which either the films or substrate contain resonant Mössbauer nuclei. Typically, nonresonant reflectivities can be suppressed to 10-4–10-3 while maintaining resonant reflectivities of ?70%, with half-widths strongly broadened by ‘‘enhancement’’ to ?eff?20?. Effective filtering should be possible with two to four reflections, or alternatively, with one to two reflections plus time resolution.By using different combinations of films and substrates, the response can be tailored to give narrow resonance widths ???? and corresponding delayed scattering times to optimize time filtering, or at the other extreme, to produce broad-width filters with ? ???100? which would be ideal for a high-resolution x-ray source. In the time response there will be ‘‘quantum beats’’ at frequencies ?B due to the interference between the radiation emitted by different hyperfine oscillators, so the beat pattern is determined by the hyperfine splitting. Also, there are two interesting dynamical effects—first, due to the ‘‘enchancement effect’’ the coherent decay is speeded up relative to the natural lifetime for incoherent decay and internal conversion absorption; and secondly, there will be ‘‘dynamical beats’’ at frequencies ?B (superimposed on the quantum-beat spectrum) which is essentially an interference between the natural ‘‘ringing’’ of an oscillator at its resonsance frequency ?0 and the collective response which rings with a median frequency ?0+?B.Finally, there is also a multiple-reflection delay to the response, which should be a useful aid for time filtering. This paper develops the general theory for resonant filtering of synchrotron radiation using GIAR films, examining in particular the resulting frequency spectrum, the integrated response, and the time response for resonant Fe57 mirrors coated with ?/4 GIAR films.

J. P. Hannon; G. T. Trammell; M. Mueller; E. Gerdau; R. Rüffer; H. Winkler

1985-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

330

Homoleptic Ce(III) and Ce(IV) Nitroxide Complexes: Significant Stabilization of the 4+ Oxidation State  

SciTech Connect

Electrochemical experiments performed on the complex Ce-IV[2-((BuNO)-Bu-t)py](4), where [2-((BuNO)-Bu-t)py](-) = N-tert-butyl-N-2-pyridylnitroxide, indicate a 2.51 V stabilization of the 4+ oxidation state of Ce compared to [(Bu4N)-Bu-n](2)[Ce(NO3)(6)] in acetonitrile and a 2.95 V stabilization compared to the standard potential for the ion under aqueous conditions. Density functional theory calculations suggest that this preference for the higher oxidation state is a result of the tetrakis(nitroxide) ligand framework at the Ce cation, which allows for effective electron donation into, and partial covalent overlap with, vacant 4f orbitals with delta symmetry. The results speak to the behavior of CeO2 and related solid solutions in oxygen uptake and transport applications, in particular an inherent local character of bonding that stabilizes the 4+ oxidation state. The results indicate a cerium(IV) complex that has been stabilized to an unprecedented degree through tuning of its ligand-field environment.

Bogart, Justin A.; Lewis, Andrew J.; Medling, Scott A.; Piro, Nicholas A.; Carroll, Patrick J.; Booth, Corwin H.; Schelter, Eric J.

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

331

Fusion–fission hybrids for nuclear waste transmutation: A synergistic step between Gen-IV fission and fusion reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy demand and GDP per capita are strongly correlated, while public concern over the role of energy in climate change is growing. Nuclear power plants produce 16% of world electricity demands without greenhouse gases. Generation-IV advanced nuclear energy systems are being designed to be safe and economical. Minimizing the handling and storage of nuclear waste is important. NIF and ITER are bringing sustainable fusion energy closer, but a significant gap in fusion technology development remains. Fusion–fission hybrids could be a synergistic step to a pure fusion economy and act as a technology bridge. We discuss how a pulsed power-driven Z-pinch hybrid system producing only 20 MW of fusion yield can drive a sub-critical transuranic blanket that transmutes 1280 kg of actinide wastes per year and produces 3000 MW. These results are applicable to other inertial and magnetic fusion energy systems. A hybrid system could be introduced somewhat sooner because of the modest fusion yield requirements and can provide both a safe alternative to fast reactors for nuclear waste transmutation and a maturation path for fusion technology. The development and demonstration of advanced materials that withstand high-temperature, high-irradiation environments is a fundamental technology issue that is common to both fusion–fission hybrids and Generation-IV reactors.

T.A. Mehlhorn; B.B. Cipiti; C.L. Olson; G.E. Rochau

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan for Operable Units 6-05 and 10-04, Phase IV  

SciTech Connect

This Phase IV Remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan addresses the remediation of areas with the potential for UXO at the Idaho National Laboratory. These areas include portions of the Naval Proving Ground, the Arco High-Altitude Bombing Range, and the Twin Buttes Bombing Range. Five areas within the Naval Proving Ground that are known to contain UXO include the Naval Ordnance Disposal Area, the Mass Detonation Area, the Experimental Field Station, The Rail Car Explosion Area, and the Land Mine Fuze Burn Area. The Phase IV remedial action will be concentrated in these five areas. For other areas, such as the Arco High-Altitude Bombing Range and the Twin Buttes Bombing Range, ordnance has largely consisted of sand-filled practice bombs that do not pose an explosion risk. Ordnance encountered in these areas will be addressed under the Phase I Operations and Maintenance Plan that allows for the recovery and disposal of ordnance that poses an imminent risk to human health or the environment.

R. P. Wells

2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

333

Fusion-fission hybrids for nuclear waste transmutation : a synergistic step between Gen-IV fission and fusion reactors.  

SciTech Connect

Energy demand and GDP per capita are strongly correlated, while public concern over the role of energy in climate change is growing. Nuclear power plants produce 16% of world electricity demands without greenhouse gases. Generation-IV advanced nuclear energy systems are being designed to be safe and economical. Minimizing the handling and storage of nuclear waste is important. NIF and ITER are bringing sustainable fusion energy closer, but a significant gap in fusion technology development remains. Fusion-fission hybrids could be a synergistic step to a pure fusion economy and act as a technology bridge. We discuss how a pulsed power-driven Z-pinch hybrid system producing only 20 MW of fusion yield can drive a sub-critical transuranic blanket that transmutes 1280 kg of actinide wastes per year and produces 3000 MW. These results are applicable to other inertial and magnetic fusion energy systems. A hybrid system could be introduced somewhat sooner because of the modest fusion yield requirements and can provide both a safe alternative to fast reactors for nuclear waste transmutation and a maturation path for fusion technology. The development and demonstration of advanced materials that withstand high-temperature, high-irradiation environments is a fundamental technology issue that is common to both fusion-fission hybrids and Generation-IV reactors.

Olson, Craig Lee; Mehlhorn, Thomas Alan; Cipiti, Benjamin B.; Rochau, Gary Eugene

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Distinct kinetics of human DNA ligases I, IIIalpha, IIIbeta, and IV reveal direct DNA sensing ability and differential physiological functions in DNA repair  

SciTech Connect

The three human LIG genes encode polypeptides that catalyze phosphodiester bond formation during DNA replication, recombination and repair. While numerous studies have identified protein partners of the human DNA ligases (hLigs), there has been little characterization of the catalytic properties of these enzymes. In this study, we developed and optimized a fluorescence-based DNA ligation assay to characterize the activities of purified hLigs. Although hLigI joins DNA nicks, it has no detectable activity on linear duplex DNA substrates with short, cohesive single-strand ends. By contrast, hLigIII{beta} and the hLigIII{alpha}/XRCC1 and hLigIV/XRCC4 complexes are active on both nicked and linear duplex DNA substrates. Surprisingly, hLigIV/XRCC4, which is a key component of the major non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway, is significantly less active than hLigIII on a linear duplex DNA substrate. Notably, hLigIV/XRCC4 molecules only catalyze a single ligation event in the absence or presence of ATP. The failure to catalyze subsequent ligation events reflects a defect in the enzyme-adenylation step of the next ligation reaction and suggests that, unless there is an in vivo mechanism to reactivate DNA ligase IV/XRCC4 following phosphodiester bond formation, the cellular NHEJ capacity will be determined by the number of adenylated DNA ligaseIV/XRCC4 molecules.

Chen, Xi; Ballin, Jeff D.; Della-Maria, Julie; Tsai, Miaw-Sheue; White, Elizabeth J.; Tomkinson, Alan E.; Wilson, Gerald M.

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

335

Definition: Dynamic Interchange Schedule Or Dynamic Schedule | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Schedule Or Dynamic Schedule Schedule Or Dynamic Schedule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dynamic Interchange Schedule Or Dynamic Schedule A telemetered reading or value that is updated in real time and used as a schedule in the AGC/ACE equation and the integrated value of which is treated as a schedule for interchange accounting purposes. Commonly used for scheduling jointly owned generation to or from another Balancing Authority Area.[1] Related Terms balancing authority, balancing authority area, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Dynamic_Interchange_Schedule_Or_Dynamic_Schedule&oldid=502492

336

ADAPTIVE ROBUST TRACKING CONTROL OF PRESSURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accuracy of pressure trajectory in the chamber when the pneumatic cylinder is moving. Off-line fitting, it is necessary to utilize the adaptive model compensation for improving the tracking accuracy of pressure and attenuation in pneumatic lines, valve dynamics, flow nonlinearities through the valve orifice, piston friction

Yao, Bin

337

SDI: Statistical dynamic interactions  

SciTech Connect

We focus on the combined statistical and dynamical aspects of heavy ion induced reactions. The overall picture is illustrated by considering the reaction {sup 36}Ar + {sup 238}U at a projectile energy of 35 MeV/nucleon. We illustrate the time dependent bound excitation energy due to the fusion/relaxation dynamics as calculated with the Boltzmann master equation. An estimate of the mass, charge and excitation of an equilibrated nucleus surviving the fast (dynamic) fusion-relaxation process is used as input into an evaporation calculation which includes 20 heavy fragment exit channels. The distribution of excitations between residue and clusters is explicitly calculated, as is the further deexcitation of clusters to bound nuclei. These results are compared with the exclusive cluster multiplicity measurements of Kim et al., and are found to give excellent agreement. We consider also an equilibrated residue system at 25% lower initial excitation, which gives an unsatisfactory exclusive multiplicity distribution. This illustrates that exclusive fragment multiplicity may provide a thermometer for system excitation. This analysis of data involves successive binary decay with no compressional effects nor phase transitions. Several examples of primary versus final (stable) cluster decay probabilities for an A = 100 nucleus at excitations of 100 to 800 MeV are presented. From these results a large change in multifragmentation patterns may be understood as a simple phase space consequence, invoking neither phase transitions, nor equation of state information. These results are used to illustrate physical quantities which are ambiguous to deduce from experimental fragment measurements. 14 refs., 4 figs.

Blann, M.; Mustafa, M.G. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Peilert, G.; Stoecker, H.; Greiner, W. (Frankfurt Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik)

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Perspective: Nonadiabatic dynamics theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nonadiabatic dynamics—nuclear motion evolving on multiple potential energy surfaces—has captivated the interest of chemists for decades. Exciting advances in experimentation and theory have combined to greatly enhance our understanding of the rates and pathways of nonadiabatic chemical transformations. Nevertheless there is a growing urgency for further development of theories that are practical and yet capable of reliable predictions driven by fields such as solar energy interstellar and atmospheric chemistry photochemistry vision single molecule electronics radiation damage and many more. This Perspective examines the most significant theoretical and computational obstacles to achieving this goal and suggests some possible strategies that may prove fruitful.

John C. Tully

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Dynamics of Charged Events  

SciTech Connect

In three spacetime dimensions the world volume of a magnetic source is a single point, an event. We make the event dynamical by regarding it as the imprint of a flux-carrying particle impinging from an extra dimension. This can be generalized to higher spacetime dimensions and to extended events. We exhibit universal observable consequences of the existence of events and argue that events are as important as particles or branes. We explain how events arise on the world volume of membranes in M theory, and in a Josephson junction in superconductivity.

Bachas, Constantin [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique de l'Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris cedex (France); Bunster, Claudio [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Avenida Arturo Prat 514, Valdivia (Chile); Henneaux, Marc [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, ULB Campus Plaine C.P. 231, 1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Avenida Arturo Prat 514, Valdivia (Chile)

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

340

Heat transfer dynamics  

SciTech Connect

As heat transfer technology increases in complexity, it becomes more difficult for those without thermal dynamics engineering training to choose between competitive heat transfer systems offered to meet their drying requirements. A step back to the basics of heat transfer can help professional managers and papermakers make informed decisions on alternative equipment and methods. The primary forms of heat and mass transfer are reviewed with emphasis on the basics, so a practical understanding of each is gained. Finally, the principles and benefits of generating infrared energy by combusting a gaseous hydrocarbon fuel are explained.

Smith, T.M. (Marsden, Inc., Pennsauken, NJ (United States))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Plutonium(IV) and plutonium(VI) extraction by 1-hydroxy-6-N-octylcarboxamide-2-(1H)-pyridinone  

SciTech Connect

Extraction of Pu(IV) and Pu(VI) from nitric acid media by the promising new extractant 1-hydroxy-6-N-octylcarboxamide-2(1H)-pyridinone (octyl-1,2-HOPO) has been investigated. The effects of nitric acid, sodium, aluminum and iron(III) nitrates on extraction have been examined. Octyl-1,2-HOPO exhibits high specificity for Pu(IV) over a wide range of acidity and ionic strength. The affinity of octyl-1,2-HOPO for Pu(VI) is much less than for Pu(IV). However, the extraction of Pu(VI) is possible from acidic as well as from highly salted media. Two water soluble ligands, 1-hydroxyethane-1,1,-diphosphonic acid (HEDPA) and H(2,2)-1,2-HOPO, have been shown to be very effective for back extraction.

Romanovski, V.V. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States). Glenn T. Seaborg Inst. for Transactinium Science; Hoffman, D.C. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States). Glenn T. Seaborg Inst. for Transactinium Science]|[Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; White, D.J.; Xu, J.; Raymond, K.N. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Hawaii Energy Strategy Project 2: Fossil Energy Review. Task IV. Scenario development and analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) Program is a seven-project effort led by the State of Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism (DBEDT) to investigate a wide spectrum of Hawaii energy issues. The East-West Center`s Program on Resources: Energy and Minerals, has been assigned HES Project 2, Fossil Energy Review, which focuses on fossil energy use in Hawaii and the greater regional and global markets. HES Project 2 has four parts: Task I (World and Regional Fossil Energy Dynamics) covers petroleum, natural gas, and coal in global and regional contexts, along with a discussion of energy and the environment. Task II (Fossil Energy in Hawaii) focuses more closely on fossil energy use in Hawaii: current utilization and trends, the structure of imports, possible future sources of supply, fuel substitutability, and energy security. Task III`s emphasis is Greenfield Options; that is, fossil energy sources not yet used in Hawaii. This task is divided into two sections: first, an in-depth {open_quotes}Assessment of Coal Technology Options and Implications for the State of Hawaii,{close_quotes} along with a spreadsheet analysis model, which was subcontracted to the Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Division of Argonne National Laboratory; and second, a chapter on liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the Asia-Pacific market and the issues surrounding possible introduction of LNG into the Hawaii market.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Breazeale, K. [ed.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics The Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics Group is dedicated to developing and applying spectroscopic and theoretical tools to challenging problems in chemical physics related to reactivity, structure, dynamics and kinetics of transient species. Recent theoretical work has included advances in exact variational solution of vibrational quantum dynamics, suitable for up to five atoms in systems where large amplitude motion or multiple strongly coupled modes make simpler approximations inadequate. Other theoretical work, illustrated below, applied direct dynamics, quantum force trajectory calculations to investigate a series of reactions of the HOCO radical. The potential energy surface for the OH + CO/ H + CO2 reaction, showing two barriers (TS1 and TS2) and the deep HOCO well along the minimum energy pathway. The inset figure shows the experimental and calculated reactivity of HOCO with selected collision partners. See J.S. Francisco, J.T. Muckerman and H.-G. Yu, "HOCO radical chemistry,"

344

Electron induced dissociation of trimethyl (methylcyclopentadienyl) platinum (IV): Total cross section as a function of incident electron energy  

SciTech Connect

The total cross section has been measured for the electron induced dissociation of trimethyl (methylcyclopentadienyl) platinum (IV) [MeCpPt(IV)Me{sub 3}], a Pt precursor often used in focused electron beam induced processing (FEBIP), for incident electron energies ranging between 3-3 keV. Measurements were performed for the precursor in the adsorbed state under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The techniques used in this study were temperature programmed desorption, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Two surfaces were used in these experiments, amorphous carbon overlayers containing embedded Pt atoms (a:C-Pt), formed by the electron decomposition of the Pt precursor, and atomically clean Au. The results from these three experiments revealed a comparatively low total cross section at 8 eV (4.2+-0.3x10{sup -17} cm{sup 2} on the a:C-Pt and 1.4+-0.1x10{sup -17} cm{sup 2} on the Au) that increases with increasing incident electron energy, reaching a maximum at around 150 eV (4.1+-0.5x10{sup -16} cm{sup 2} on the a:C-Pt and 2.3+-0.2x10{sup -16} cm{sup 2} on the clean Au), before decreasing at higher incident electron energies, up to 3000 eV. Differences in the measured cross sections between Au and a:C-Pt surfaces demonstrate that the substrate can influence the reaction cross section of adsorbed species. Temperature programmed desorption was also used to measure the adsorption energy of MeCpPt(IV)Me{sub 3}, which was found to depend on both the substrate and the adsorbate coverage. The work in this paper demonstrates that surface science techniques can be used to quantitatively determine the total cross section of adsorbed FEBIP precursors for electron induced dissociation as a function of incident electron energy. These total cross section values are necessary to obtain quantitatively accurate information from FEBIP models and to compare the reaction efficiencies of different precursors on a quantitative basis.

Dorp, W. F. van [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Laboratory of Surface Modification, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8019 (United States); Charged Particle Optics Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Wnuk, J. D.; Gorham, J. M.; Fairbrother, D. H. [Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Madey, T. E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Laboratory of Surface Modification, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8019 (United States); Hagen, C. W. [Charged Particle Optics Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands)

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Investigation on the coprecipitation of transuranium elements from alkaline solutions by the method of appearing reagents. Study of the effects of waste components on decontamination from Np(IV) and Pu(IV)  

SciTech Connect

The third stage of the study on the homogeneous coprecipitation of neptunium and plutonium from alkaline high-level radioactive waste solutions by the Method of Appearing Reagents has been completed. Alkaline radioactive wastes exist at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site. The recent studies investigated the effects of neptunium chemical reductants, plutonium(IV) concentration, and the presence of bulk tank waste solution components on the decontamination from tetravalent neptunium and plutonium achieved by homogeneous coprecipitation. Data on neptunium reduction to its tetravalent state in alkaline solution of different NaOH concentrations are given. Eleven reductants were tested to find those most suited to remove neptunium, through chemical reduction, from alkaline solution by homogeneous coprecipitation. Hydrazine, VOSO{sub 4}, and Na{sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 4} were found to be the most effective reductants. The rates of reduction with these reductants were comparable with the kinetics of carrier formation. Solution decontamination factors of about 400 were attained for 10{sup -6}M neptunium. Coprecipitation of plutonium(IV) with carriers obtained as products of thermal hydrolysis, redox transformations, and catalytic decomposition of [Co(NH{sub 3}){sub 6}]{sup 3+}, [Fe(CN){sub 5}NO]{sup 2-}, Cr(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, KMnO{sub 4}, and Li{sub 4}UO{sub 2}(O{sub 2}){sub 3} was studied and results are described. Under optimum conditions, a 100-fold decrease of plutonium concentration was possible with each of these reagents.

Bessonov, A.A.; Budantseva, N.A.; Gelis, A.V.; Nikonov, M.V.; Shilov, V.P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation). Institute of Physical Chemistry

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Nuclear Matter and Nuclear Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highlights on the recent research activity, carried out by the Italian Community involved in the "Nuclear Matter and Nuclear Dynamics" field, will be presented.

M Colonna

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

347

Detection and Quantification of Pu(III, IV, V, and VI) Using a1.0-meter Liquid Core Waveguide  

SciTech Connect

Detection and quantification of the aquo ions of Pu in 1 MHClO4 was carried out using a 1-meter liquid core waveguide (LCW) coupledto a fiber optic UV-Vis spectrometer. Detection limits of 7 x 10-7 M forPu(VI), 1.6 x 10-5 M for Pu(V), 5 x 10-6 M for Pu(IV) and 8 x 10-6 M forPu(III) were achieved. The limits of detection represent increases of 18to 33 times those achievable using a conventional 1-cm path length.Because of the much lower detection limits of the LCW, routineidentification of the oxidation states in dilute Pu solutions can bemade.

Wilson, Richard E.; Hu, Yung-Jin; Nitsche, Heino

2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

Programmable active droplet generation enabled by integrated pneumatic micropumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through programming the pumping configurations and the application to multi-volume digital PCR for precise and quantitative detection of genetic targets. Overall, our results suggest that the pump-based droplet microfluidics provide a robust platform...

Zeng, Yong; Shin, Mimi; Wang, Tanyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Acoustic noise and pneumatic wave vortices energy harvesting on highways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is aimed to present the structure and the principle of a energy harvesting system that uses the air movement emanated from passing traffic to produce and accumulate electrical energy. Each of the system's elements consists of a inertial mass panel which oscillate when driving cars pass. The panel is attached to a linear electromagnetic mini generator (or/and some piezo electric micro generators) and at the time of passing it produces energy which is store it in a supercapacitor or in a rechargeable battery. The concept can be applied to busy roads and to high-frequented rail networks and it can work with street and road lighting information panels and monitoring devices.

A. Bot

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Pneumatic cleaning of sugarcane utilizing a high velocity air jet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- oped to cope with the increased amount of trash present in unburned sugarcane. This research involved the testing and computer simulation of a chopper air jet nozzle assembly. The experimental test setup included a two-stage conveyor. This conveyor... of cleaning produced by the system and the amount of momentum produced by the air jet. When unburned, untopped sugarcane was fed. into the chopper air jet nozzle assembly, a result of 9/~ trash in the bottom conveyor was achieved, A value of 14/ trash...

Fisher, John Ray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

351

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C8,suppltment auJournal de PhysiqueI, Volume 3, dkcembre 1993  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contrastvariation. 2. The Instrument The neutron small-angle scattering instrument SANS-1 of GKSS Research Center at GKSS The polarization of the nuclear spins is achievedby dynamic nuclear spin polarization (DNP

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

352

Dynamic simulation of Odoo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The thermal habits of Odoo were examined and energy consumption data were also predicted. Special tests were performed for the time of the competition, and whole year was also analysed. The climatic data were of Madrid as the competition took place there. The modelling environment was MATLAB's Simulink with a built-in module of Simscape. It is for especially examining thermal behaviours. MATLAB itself is capable of solving differential equations by time, for this reason dynamic simulations can be performed. First the building structure was created, and then the heatflows affecting the internal temperature were added. In this paper detailed process of creating the model is presented, and some results are discussed, including some possibilities of further improvements.

Gábor Haas-Schnabel; Csaba Szikra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Atmospheric Dynamics of Exoplanets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The characterization of exoplanetary atmospheres has come of age in the last decade, as astronomical techniques now allow for albedos, chemical abundances, temperature profiles and maps, rotation periods and even wind speeds to be measured. Atmospheric dynamics sets the background state of density, temperature and velocity that determines or influences the spectral and temporal appearance of an exoplanetary atmosphere. Hot exoplanets are most amenable to these characterization techniques; in the present review, we focus on highly-irradiated, large exoplanets (the "hot Jupiters"), as astronomical data begin to confront theoretical questions. We summarize the basic atmospheric quantities inferred from the astronomical observations. We review the state of the art by addressing a series of current questions and look towards the future by considering a separate set of exploratory questions. Attaining the next level of understanding will require a concerted effort of constructing multi-faceted, multi-wavelength dat...

Heng, Kevin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Probing Single-Molecule Protein Conformational Dynamics. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Single-Molecule Protein Conformational Dynamics. Probing Single-Molecule Protein Conformational Dynamics. Abstract: Protein conformational fluctuations and dynamics, often...

355

Risk Price Dynamics Jaroslav Borovicka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risk Price Dynamics Jaroslav Borovicka University of Chicago Lars Peter Hansen University November 11, 2009 Abstract We present a novel approach to depicting asset pricing dynamics by characterizing shock exposures and prices for alternative investment horizons. We quantify the shock exposures

Hansen, Lars Peter

356

Extremes in Chaotic Dynamical Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extremes in Chaotic Dynamical Systems Valerio Lucarini valerio.lucarini@uni-hamburg.de D. Faranda Vortragsthema Datum #12;1. Introduction 2. Classical Theory: Extreme Values for i.i.d. Variables 3. Extreme Values in Dynamical Systems: Theoretical Background 4. Numerical Algorithms for studying Extremes 5

357

Status of dynamical ensemble generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I give an overview of current and future plans of dynamical QCD ensemble generation activities. A comparison of simulation cost between different discretizations is made. Recent developments in techniques and algorithms used in QCD dynamical simulations, especially mass reweighting, are also discussed.

Chulwoo Jung

2010-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

358

VISION - Verifiable Fuel Cycle Simulation of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. DOE Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative’s (AFCI) fundamental objective is to provide technology options that - if implemented - would enable long-term growth of nuclear power while improving sustainability and energy security. The AFCI organization structure consists of four areas; Systems Analysis, Fuels, Separations and Transmutations. The Systems Analysis Working Group is tasked with bridging the program technical areas and providing the models, tools, and analyses required to assess the feasibility of design and deployment options and inform key decision makers. An integral part of the Systems Analysis tool set is the development of a system level model that can be used to examine the implications of the different mixes of reactors, implications of fuel reprocessing, impact of deployment technologies, as well as potential "exit" or "off ramp" approaches to phase out technologies, waste management issues and long-term repository needs. The Verifiable Fuel Cycle Simulation Model (VISION) is a computer-based simulation model that allows performing dynamic simulations of fuel cycles to quantify infrastructure requirements and identify key trade-offs between alternatives. It is based on the current AFCI system analysis tool "DYMOND-US" functionalities in addition to economics, isotopic decay, and other new functionalities. VISION is intended to serve as a broad systems analysis and study tool applicable to work conducted as part of the AFCI and Generation IV reactor development studies.

Steven J. Piet; A. M. Yacout; J. J. Jacobson; C. Laws; G. E. Matthern; D. E. Shropshire

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C8,suppl6ment au Journal de Physique I, Volume 3, dCcembre 1993  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface can be deduced from the presence of the angularities. Introduction In CdS,Sel-, doped glassesJOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C8,suppl6ment au Journal de Physique I, Volume 3, dCcembre 1993 CdS system of CdS,Sel-, nanocrystals with low anisotropy and low size dispersion has been studied by SAXS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

Study of Substituent Effects on the Photoconductivity of Soluble 2,(3)- and 1,(4)-Substituted Phthalocyaninato- and Naphthalocyaninatotitanium(IV) Oxides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soluble alkyl (II, 8a,b), fluoroalkyl (4a), and fluoroalkoxy (4b,c, 8c) 1,(4)- or 2,(3)-substituted phthalocyaninato- and linear 2,(3)- and angular 1,(2)-annulated naphthalocyaninatotitanium(IV) oxides 10, 12, and 14 were synthesized and characterized ...

Götz Winter; Heino Heckmann; Peter Haisch; Wolfgang Eberhardt; Michael Hanack; Larry Lüer; Hans-Joachim Egelhaaf; Dieter Oelkrug

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Extraction of Np(IV) by Di-n-butylphosphoric and di-iso-amylphosphoric acids from aqueous HNO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect

The interaction of Np(IV) with di-n-butylphosphoric (DBP) and di-iso-amylphosphoric (DIAP) acids is studied at room temperature in the biphasic extraction systems H{sub 2}O-HNO{sub 3}-TBP(TIAP)-n-decane (CCL{sub 4}) (TBP = tributylphosphate, TIAP = tri-iso-amylphosphate) for DBP (DIAP) concentrations from 0.91{center_dot}10{sup -3} to 4.16{center_dot}10{sup -2} M, HNO{sub 3} {le} 12 M, and TBP (TIAP) {le} 1.1 M. If n-decane is used as the solvent, Np concentrates mainly in the interfacial crud (IFC). As (HNO{sub 3}) in the aqueous phase and (TBP) (TIAP) in the organic phase increase, the amount of Np(IV) concentrated in the IFC decreases. In systems with CCl{sub 4}, Np(IV) does not concentrate in the IFC. Increasing (TBP) (TIAP) in the organic phase inhibits the interaction of Np(IV) with DBP (DIAP) in CCl{sub 4} and n-decane.

Solovkin, A.S.; Lobanov, A.V.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

J.A. Jacko (Ed.): Human-Computer Interaction, Part IV, HCII 2009, LNCS 5613, pp. 653662, 2009. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Milano, Dept. of Information and Electronics paolo.paolini@polimi.it Abstract. Bioinformatics websites offer to the life science large community re- positories of information ranging from genes, genomesJ.A. Jacko (Ed.): Human-Computer Interaction, Part IV, HCII 2009, LNCS 5613, pp. 653­662, 2009

Finkelstein, Anthony

363

J. PHYS. IV FRANCE 7 (1997) Colloque C2, SupplBment au Journal d e Physique III d'avril 1997  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that significant reduction takes place in the presence of the cement additives blast furnace slag (BFS) and Na2SJ. PHYS. IV FRANCE 7 (1997) Colloque C2, SupplBment au Journal d e Physique III d'avril 1997 forms, where it is desirable to stabilizethe highly soluble form of Tc(VII),TcOg, by in situ reduction

Boyer, Edmond

364

DTF1 is a core component of RNA-directed DNA methylation and may assist in the recruitment of Pol IV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recruitment of Pol IV 10.1073/pnas.1300585110 Heng Zhang Ze-Yang Ma Liang Zeng Kaori Tanaka Cui-Jun Zhang Jun Ma Ge Bai Pengcheng Wang Su-Wei Zhang Zhang-Wei Liu Tao Cai Kai Tang Renyi Liu Xiaobing Shi Xin-Jian He Jian-Kang Zhu aShanghai Center...

Heng Zhang; Ze-Yang Ma; Liang Zeng; Kaori Tanaka; Cui-Jun Zhang; Jun Ma; Ge Bai; Pengcheng Wang; Su-Wei Zhang; Zhang-Wei Liu; Tao Cai; Kai Tang; Renyi Liu; Xiaobing Shi; Xin-Jian He; Jian-Kang Zhu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Dynamical decoupling induced renormalization of the non-Markovian dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we develop a numerical framework to investigate the renormalization of the non-Markovian dynamics of an open quantum system to which dynamical decoupling is applied. We utilize a non-Markovian master equation which is derived from the non-Markovian quantum trajectories formalism. It contains incoherent Markovian dynamics and coherent Schr\\"odinger dynamics as its limiting cases and is capable of capture the transition between them. We have performed comprehensive simulations for the cases in which the system is either driven by the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck noise or or is described by the spin-boson model. The renormalized dynamics under bang-bang control and continuous dynamical decoupling are simulated. Our results indicate that the renormalization of the non-Markovian dynamics depends crucially on the spectral density of the environment and the envelop of the decoupling pulses. The framework developed in this work hence provides an unified approach to investigate the efficiency of realistic decoupling pulses. This work also opens a way to further optimize the decoupling via pulse shaping.

Pochung Chen

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

366

Kicked quantum rotator with dynamic disorder: A diffusive behavior in momentum space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that diffusion, in momentum space, exists for the periodically kicked quantum rotator when dynamic disorder is considered on the external potential v(?) (the amplitude of the kick). This is opposite to the behavior without disorder (deterministic) where localization exists. Explicitly if v(?) is stochastic, then the diffusion coefficient is linked to the second derivative of the correlation function ?eiv(?+cphi)e-iv(?)? at cphi=0. Two examples are considered, the Gaussian process and the random linear case v(?)=?? (with ? a random parameter). In both cases, the diffusion coefficient was evaluated exactly. Finally, we conjecture that this diffusive behavior may be found in a great variety of kicked systems with static disorder.

J. C. Flores

1991-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis of the VHTR Lower Plenum Standard Problem  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy is promoting the resurgence of nuclear power in the U. S. for both electrical power generation and production of process heat required for industrial processes such as the manufacture of hydrogen for use as a fuel in automobiles. The DOE project is called the next generation nuclear plant (NGNP) and is based on a Generation IV reactor concept called the very high temperature reactor (VHTR), which will use helium as the coolant at temperatures ranging from 450 ºC to perhaps 1000 ºC. While computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has not been used for past safety analysis for nuclear reactors in the U. S., it is being considered for safety analysis for existing and future reactors. It is fully recognized that CFD simulation codes will have to be validated for flow physics reasonably close to actual fluid dynamic conditions expected in normal and accident operational situations. To this end, experimental data have been obtained in a scaled model of a narrow slice of the lower plenum of a prismatic VHTR. The present report presents results of CFD examinations of these data to explore potential issues with the geometry, the initial conditions, the flow dynamics and the data needed to fully specify the inlet and boundary conditions; results for several turbulence models are examined. Issues are addressed and recommendations about the data are made.

Richard W. Johnson; Richard R. Schultz

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Dynamical properties of high-temperature-superconductor granular bridge junctions: Inhomogeneous Josephson-junction-array model  

SciTech Connect

As an attempt to understand the dynamical behavior of the high-temperature-superconductor (HTSC) granular bridge junction, we model the granular HTSC bridge junction consisting of many small grains inside by an inhomogeneous Josephson junction array, i.e., randomly arranged Josephson junction arrays (JJA). To describe randomly distributed critical currents between the grains inside the HTSC granular bridge junction, we chose various possible configurations in {l_brace}{ital I}{sub {ital ij}}{sup {ital c}}{r_brace} and {l_brace}{ital R}{sub {ital ij}}{r_brace} for the one-dimensional (1D) and 2D inhomogeneous Josephson junctions, and calculated the current-voltage ({ital IV}) characteristics and self-radiation spectral densities of the 1D and 2D inhomogeneous Josephson junctions. As a result, depending upon the distribution of critical currents and shunted resistances, it is found that there are large variations of {ital IV} characteristics. In contrast to the appearance of giant Shapiro steps in the regular ordered array, such Shapiro steps disappear in the case of the disordered JJA due to the increased randomness in the distribution of critical currents. On the contrary, however, when there exists a correlation between critical currents and resistances, i.e., a constant Josephson voltage, {ital I}{sub {ital ij}}{sup {ital c}}{ital R}{sub {ital ij}}={ital V}{sub {ital J}} (constant), the fundamental Shapiro step emerges despite the disordered distribution of {ital I}{sub {ital ij}}{sup {ital c}}. The relevance of this model to the HTSC granular bridge junctions is discussed. In particular, experimentally observed dynamical behaviors of the HTSC granular bridge junctions are shown to be closely related to the case of the correlated distribution with constant Josephson voltage. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Lee, J.; Lee, S.; Yu, J.; Park, G. [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea)] [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Seasonality and dynamics of whooping cough.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Whooping cough (pertussis) dynamics provide an interesting disease ecology case study. Unlike other childhood diseases, the observed patterns of pertussis dynamics are found very diverse… (more)

Nguyen, Hanh Thi Hong

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Dynamic Worldwide Solar Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Solar Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dynamic Worldwide Solar Energy Sector: Solar Product: US-based solar developer and financer. References: Dynamic Worldwide...

371

16.07 Dynamics, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamics starts with fundamentals of Newtonian mechanics. Further topics include kinematics, particle dynamics, motion relative to accelerated reference frames, work and energy, impulse and momentum, systems of particles ...

Peraire, Jaume

372

Soil Machine Dynamics Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dynamics Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Soil Machine Dynamics Ltd Region: United Kingdom Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http:http:smd.co.ukproduc This company...

373

Hamilton Dynamics on Clifford Kaehler Manifolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents Hamilton dynamics on Clifford Kaeler manifolds. In the end, the some results related to Clifford Kaehler dynamical systems are also discussed.

Mehmet Tekkoyun

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

374

THz Carrier Dynamics in Epitaxial Graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultrafast optical pump/THz-probe spectroscopy is used to measure the conductivity recovery dynamics in epitaxial graphene. The observed dynamics are insensitive to probe frequency,...

Divin, Charles J; Sun, Dong; Berger, Claire; de Heer, Walt; First, P N; Norris, Theodore B

375

Fermionic Molecular Dynamics for nuclear dynamics and thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new Fermionic Molecular Dynamics (FMD) model based on a Skyrme functional is proposed in this paper. After introducing the basic formalism, some first applications to nuclear structure and nuclear thermodynamics are presented

K. H. O. Hasnaoui; Ph. Chomaz; F. Gulminelli

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

376

Computational fluid dynamic applications  

SciTech Connect

The rapid advancement of computational capability including speed and memory size has prompted the wide use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes to simulate complex flow systems. CFD simulations are used to study the operating problems encountered in system, to evaluate the impacts of operation/design parameters on the performance of a system, and to investigate novel design concepts. CFD codes are generally developed based on the conservation laws of mass, momentum, and energy that govern the characteristics of a flow. The governing equations are simplified and discretized for a selected computational grid system. Numerical methods are selected to simplify and calculate approximate flow properties. For turbulent, reacting, and multiphase flow systems the complex processes relating to these aspects of the flow, i.e., turbulent diffusion, combustion kinetics, interfacial drag and heat and mass transfer, etc., are described in mathematical models, based on a combination of fundamental physics and empirical data, that are incorporated into the code. CFD simulation has been applied to a large variety of practical and industrial scale flow systems.

Chang, S.-L.; Lottes, S. A.; Zhou, C. Q.

2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

377

Dynamics of dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we review in detail a number of approaches that have been adopted to try and explain the remarkable observation of our accelerating Universe. In particular we discuss the arguments for and recent progress made towards understanding the nature of dark energy. We review the observational evidence for the current accelerated expansion of the universe and present a number of dark energy models in addition to the conventional cosmological constant, paying particular attention to scalar field models such as quintessence, K-essence, tachyon, phantom and dilatonic models. The importance of cosmological scaling solutions is emphasized when studying the dynamical system of scalar fields including coupled dark energy. We study the evolution of cosmological perturbations allowing us to confront them with the observation of the Cosmic Microwave Background and Large Scale Structure and demonstrate how it is possible in principle to reconstruct the equation of state of dark energy by also using Supernovae Ia observational data. We also discuss in detail the nature of tracking solutions in cosmology, particle physics and braneworld models of dark energy, the nature of possible future singularities, the effect of higher order curvature terms to avoid a Big Rip singularity, and approaches to modifying gravity which leads to a late-time accelerated expansion without recourse to a new form of dark energy.

Edmund J. Copeland; M. Sami; Shinji Tsujikawa

2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

378

Synchronized dynamic dose reconstruction  

SciTech Connect

Variations in target volume position between and during treatment fractions can lead to measurable differences in the dose distribution delivered to each patient. Current methods to estimate the ongoing cumulative delivered dose distribution make idealized assumptions about individual patient motion based on average motions observed in a population of patients. In the delivery of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with a multi-leaf collimator (MLC), errors are introduced in both the implementation and delivery processes. In addition, target motion and MLC motion can lead to dosimetric errors from interplay effects. All of these effects may be of clinical importance. Here we present a method to compute delivered dose distributions for each treatment beam and fraction, which explicitly incorporates synchronized real-time patient motion data and real-time fluence and machine configuration data. This synchronized dynamic dose reconstruction method properly accounts for the two primary classes of errors that arise from delivering IMRT with an MLC: (a) Interplay errors between target volume motion and MLC motion, and (b) Implementation errors, such as dropped segments, dose over/under shoot, faulty leaf motors, tongue-and-groove effect, rounded leaf ends, and communications delays. These reconstructed dose fractions can then be combined to produce high-quality determinations of the dose distribution actually received to date, from which individualized adaptive treatment strategies can be determined.

Litzenberg, Dale W.; Hadley, Scott W.; Tyagi, Neelam; Balter, James M.; Ten Haken, Randall K.; Chetty, Indrin J. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Dynamical Properties of Interaction Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network dynamics are typically presented as a time series of network properties captured at each period. The current approach examines the dynamical properties of transmission via novel measures on an integrated, temporally extended network representation of interaction data across time. Because it encodes time and interactions as network connections, static network measures can be applied to this "temporal web" to reveal features of the dynamics themselves. Here we provide the technical details and apply it to agent-based implementations of the well-known SEIR and SEIS epidemiological models.

Bramson, Aaron

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

A Dynamical Approach to Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new dynamical approach for measuring the temperature of a Hamiltonian dynamical system in the micro canonical ensemble of thermodynamics. We show that under the hypothesis of ergodicity the temperature can be computed as a time-average of the functional, div(grad H/|grad H|^2), on the energy-surface. Our method not only yields an efficient computational approach for determining the temperature it also provides an intrinsic link between dynamical systems theory and the statistical mechanics of Hamiltonian systems.

Hans Henrik Rugh

1997-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

OES-IA Annex IV: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices - Report from the Experts’ Workshop September 27th – 28th 2010 Clontarf Castle, Dublin Ireland  

SciTech Connect

An experts' workshop was convened in Dublin Ireland September 27th – 28th 2010 in support of IEA Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement Annex IV. PNNL was responsible for organizing the content of the workshop, overseeing the contractors (Irish Marine Institute) hosting the event, presenting material on Annex IV and materials applicable to the workshop intent. PNNL is also overseeing a contractor (Wave Energy Center/University of Plymouth – WEC/UP) in the collection and analysis of the Annex IV data. Fifty-eight experts from 8 countries attended the workshop by invitation, spending two days discussing the needs of Annex IV. Presentations by DOE (background on Annex IV), PNNL (process for developing Annex IV; presentation of the draft database for PNNL project, plans for incorporating Annex IV data), WEC/UP on the environmental effect matrix, and four MHK developers (two from the UK, one from Ireland and one from Sweden; each discussing their own projects and lessons learned for measuring and mitigating environmental effects, as well as interactions with consenting [permitting] processes) helped provide background. The workshop participants worked part of the time in the large group and most of the time in four smaller breakout groups. Participants engaged in the process and provided a wealth of examples of MHK environmental work, particularly in the European nations. They provided practical and actionable advice on the following: • Developing the Annex IV database, with specific uses and audiences • Strong consensus that we should collect detailed metadata on available data sets, rather than attempting to draw in copious datasets. The participants felt there would then be an opportunity to then ask for specific set of data as needed, with specific uses and ownership of the data specified. This is particularly important as many data collected, particularly in Europe but also in Canada, are proprietary; developers were not comfortable with the idea of handing over all their environmental effects data, but all said they would entertain the request if they specifics were clear. • The recommendation was to collect metadata via an online interactive form, taking no more than one hour to complete. • Although the idea of cases representing the “best practices” was recognized as useful, the participants pointed out that there are currently so few MHK projects in the water, that any and all projects were appropriate to highlight as “cases”. There was also discomfort at the implication that “best practices” implied “lesser practices”; this being unhelpful to a new and emerging industry. • Workshop participants were asked if they were willing to continue to engage in the Annex IV process; all expressed willingness. The workshop was successful in adequately addressing its objectives and through participation and interaction in the breakout sessions around the various topics. As a result of the workshop, many delegates are now better informed and have a greater understanding of the potential environmental effects of MHK devices on the marine environment. There is now a greater sense of understanding of the issues involved and consensus by those regulators, developers and scientists who attended the workshop. A strong network has also been built over the two days between European and US/Canadian technical experts in wave and tidal energy.

Copping, Andrea E.; O'Toole, Michael J.

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

382

LANL | Physics | Dynamic Plutonium Experiments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic plutonium experiments Dynamic plutonium experiments Since the end of nuclear testing the nation has had to rely on sophisticated computer models to ensure the safety and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile. This program is known as science-based stockpile stewardship. Despite possessing the world's fastest computers and most advanced modeling capability, the behavior of materials under dynamic loads that occur in a nuclear weapon are difficult to accurately model. The Dynamic Plutonium experimental program carries out experiments at the Nevada National Security Site on plutonium driven by high explosives. These experiments are needed to measure and understand the behavior of plutonium under extreme conditions. Physics Division has unique capabilities in high-speed x-ray imaging and velocimetry (measuring the

383

THz Dynamic Nuclear Polarization NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) increases the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy by using high frequency microwaves to transfer the polarization of the electrons to the nuclear spins. The ...

Nanni, Emilio Alessandro

384

Predictive Models of Forest Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...currently highly uncertain (Fig. 1), making vegetation dynamics one of the largest sources of uncertainty in Earth system models. Reducing this uncertainty requires work on several fronts. For example, physiological parameters need to be...

Drew Purves; Stephen Pacala

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

385

Gas-phase chemical dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Research in this program is directed towards the spectroscopy of small free radicals and reactive molecules and the state-to-state dynamics of gas phase collision, energy transfer, and photodissociation phenomena. Work on several systems is summarized here.

Weston, R.E. Jr.; Sears, T.J.; Preses, J.M. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Dynamic systems and subadditive functionals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consider a problem where a number of dynamic systems are required to travel between points in minimum time. The study of this problem is traditionally divided into two parts: A combinatorial part that assigns points to ...

Itani, Sleiman M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Actin Dynamics in Aspergillus nidulans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used to label all three actin structures in fungi. Lifeact is a 17 amino acid peptide derived from the Saccharomyces cerevisiae actin binding protein Abp140p. To better understand actin dynamics in living cells, A. nidulans was transformed...

Quintanilla, Laura

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

388

Cluster Dynamics of Planetary Waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of nonlinear atmospheric planetary waves is determined by a small number of independent wave clusters consisting of a few connected resonant triads. We classified the different types of connections between neighboring triads that determine the general dynamics of a cluster. Each connection type corresponds to substantially different scenarios of energy flux among the modes. The general approach can be applied directly to various mesoscopic systems with 3-mode interactions, encountered in hydrodynamics, astronomy, plasma physics, chemistry, medicine, etc.

Elena Kartashova; Victor S. L'vov

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

389

Dynamic roughening of directed lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the fluctuations of a stretched string, e.g., a vortex line, moving in a random medium. A pair of nonlinear equations are proposed to describe the evolution of longitudinal and transverse coordinates. The dynamic scaling of the fluctuations is studied analytically (by renormalization group) and numerically. In most cases the fluctuations are superdiffusive, governed by a dynamic exponent z=3/2.

Deniz Erta? and Mehran Kardar

1992-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

390

HAWT performance with dynamic stall  

SciTech Connect

In this report we calculated the effects of flow nonuniformities (wing shear, tower wake, yaw, and large-scale turbulence) on the performance of a horizontal axis wind turbine, accounting for dynamic stall. We modified the PROP program to incorporate and compare these effects with the uniform flow case. The MIT model, which predicts dynamic lift coefficients substantially higher than the static maximum values and includes a crude model of the vortex roll-off phenomenon, represented dynamic stall. As associated model for drag was also used. The dynamic stall model was tested against experimental data for three typical reduced frequencies. Good instantaneous correlation was obtained. The effects of nonuniformities with and without the dynamic stall were calculated using the Westinghouse Mod O and Enertech 44/25 turbines. Modeling the dynamic stall has little effect on performance. Furthermore, the performance with nonuniform flow differed only slightly from the uniform flow case. Thus the now PROP model provides a powerful general capability to handle nonuniform flows.

Hibbs, B.D.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Nonstatistical dynamics on the caldera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore both classical and quantum dynamics of a model potential exhibiting a caldera: that is, a shallow potential well with two pairs of symmetry related index one saddles associated with entrance/exit channels. Classical trajectory simulations at several different energies confirm the existence of the `dynamical matching' phenomenon originally proposed by Carpenter, where the momentum direction associated with an incoming trajectory initiated at a high energy saddle point determines to a considerable extent the outcome of the reaction (passage through the diametrically opposing exit channel). By studying a `stretched' version of the caldera model, we have uncovered a generalized dynamical matching: bundles of trajectories can reflect off a hard potential wall so as to end up exiting predominantly through the transition state opposite the reflection point. We also investigate the effects of dissipation on the classical dynamics. In addition to classical trajectory studies, we examine the dynamics of quantum wave packets on the caldera potential (stretched and unstretched). These computations reveal a quantum mechanical analogue of the `dynamical matching' phenomenon, where the initial expectation value of the momentum direction for the wave packet determines the exit channel through which most of the probability density passes to product.

Peter Collins; Zeb C. Kramer; Barry K. Carpenter; Gregory S. Ezra; Stephen Wiggins

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

392

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C4,suppltment au Journal de Physique 111,Volume4, avril1994  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:0.1% Ho3+ and SrF2:0.1% Ho3+ crystals used in this study were purchased from Optovac Inc.(USA). The CdF2-gratingnionochromator, and detected by a cooled photomultiplier (EM19558 QB). For the dynamic study, the laser beam was cut the em

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

393

Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration within IEA Wind Task 23: Phase IV Results Regarding Floating Wind Turbine Modeling; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Offshore wind turbines are designed and analyzed using comprehensive simulation codes that account for the coupled dynamics of the wind inflow, aerodynamics, elasticity, and controls of the turbine, along with the incident waves, sea current, hydrodynamics, and foundation dynamics of the support structure. This paper describes the latest findings of the code-to-code verification activities of the Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration, which operates under Subtask 2 of the International Energy Agency Wind Task 23. In the latest phase of the project, participants used an assortment of codes to model the coupled dynamic response of a 5-MW wind turbine installed on a floating spar buoy in 320 m of water. Code predictions were compared from load-case simulations selected to test different model features. The comparisons have resulted in a greater understanding of offshore floating wind turbine dynamics and modeling techniques, and better knowledge of the validity of various approximations. The lessons learned from this exercise have improved the participants' codes, thus improving the standard of offshore wind turbine modeling.

Jonkman, J.; Larsen, T.; Hansen, A.; Nygaard, T.; Maus, K.; Karimirad, M.; Gao, Z.; Moan, T.; Fylling, I.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Experimental studies on passive dynamic bipedal walking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Passive dynamic walking is a gait developed, partially or in whole, by the energy provided by gravity. The research on passive dynamic bipedal walking helps create an understanding of walking mechanics. Moreover, the experimental passive dynamic research ... Keywords: Design and testing, Experiment, Gait patterns, Passive dynamic walking, Treadmill

Kazi Rushdi, Derek Koop, Christine Q. Wu

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

SOM 825 Advanced Mathematical Programming: Dynamic Network Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, dynamic spatial price equilibrium problems, dynamic transportation problems (both fixed and elastic demand Formulation Dynamic Financial Network Models Dynamic Traffic Network Models and Algorithms ** Elastic Demand (Classical and Spatial) Dynamic Spatial Price Models and Algorithms ** Quantity Formulation ** Price

Nagurney, Anna

396

Comparative Studies on Temperature Dependent I-V Characteristics of Al/(p)CdTe and Ni/(n)CdS Schottky Junctions and Their PV Effect  

SciTech Connect

Temperature dependent I-V characteristics of vacuum evaporated Al/(p)CdTe and Ni/(n)CdS Schottky junctions and their photovoltaic effects have been studied and compared. Different junction parameters such as ideality factors, barrier heights, Richardson's constant, short-circuit current density, fill factor, PV efficiency etc. were determined from their I-V characteristics. These parameters were found to change significantly on variation of temperature. The structures showed the change of PV effect. Efficiency found were 2.84% for Al/(p)CdTe and 4.44% for Ni hydro/(n)CdS. Polycrystalline nature, and continuous and ordered structure with bigger grain sizes of the CdS film shows more PV conversion efficiency in making Ni/(n)CdS junction as compare to Al/(p)CdTe junction. However these values were found to vary with doping concentration, and in hydrogen treated samples in both cases.

Wary, G. [Department of Physics, Cotton College, Guwahati-781001 (India); Kachari, T.; Rahman, A. [Department of Physics, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014 (India)

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

397

Tracking the Sun IV: An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking Tracking the Sun IV Tracking the Sun IV An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010 Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010 Galen Barbose, Naïm Darghouth, Ryan Wiser, and Joachim Seel g y Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - Report Summary - p y September 2011 Environmental Energy Technologies Division * Energy Analysis Department Thanks to the U.S. DOE's Solar Energy Technologies Program and the Clean Energy States Alliance for supporting this work Project Overview Objective: Using project-level data, evaluate trends in the installed cost of grid-connected PV systems throughout the United States: g y g * Changes in total system installed cost and component-level costs over time * Variation in total installed cost by system size

398

Dynamic response and maneuvering strategies of a hybrid autonomous underwater vehicle in hovering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Odyssey IV autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is the next generation of unmanned subsurface robots from the MIT Sea Grant AUV Laboratory. The Odyssey IV AUV has a novel propulsion system, which includes a pair of ...

Cooney, Lauren Alise

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Efficient Implementation of MPI-2 Pas s iv e O ne-S id ed C ommu nication on InfiniB and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient Implementation of MPI- 2 Pas s iv e O ne- S id ed C ommu nication on InfiniB and C lu # # $ a ( ) % % $ a a# $ a i n a $ + id d ' ( ini ia $ a i n , u$ $ # % i' % # # uni a i n $ a n u% d i-sided communications ... Access Epoch Origin Target window #12;n ini n . $ n indu ( anda d P + id ig

Panda, Dhabaleswar K.

400

Reductive Elimination from Cyclometalated Platinum(IV) Complexes To Form Csp2–Csp3 Bonds and Subsequent Competition between Csp2–H and Csp3–H Bond Activation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reductive elimination reactions of the cyclometalated platinum(IV) compounds [PtMe2Br{C6H4CH?NCH2(4-ClC6H4)}L] (L = SMe2, PPh3) to form Csp3–Csp2 bonds, followed by either exclusive Csp2–H bond activation (L = SMe2) or competition between Csp2–H and Csp3–...

Margarita Crespo; Craig M. Anderson; Nicole Kfoury; Mercè Font-Bardia; Teresa Calvet

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Simple Dynamic Gasifier Model That Runs in Aspen Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Gasification (or partial oxidation) is a vital component of 'clean coal' technology. Sulfur and nitrogen emissions can be reduced, overall energy efficiency is increased, and carbon dioxide recovery and sequestration are facilitated. Gasification units in an electric power generation plant produce a fuel for driving combustion turbines. Gasification units in a chemical plant generate gas, which can be used to produce a wide spectrum of chemical products. Future plants are predicted to be hybrid power/chemical plants with gasification as the key unit operation. The widely used process simulator Aspen Plus provides a library of models that can be used to develop an overall gasifier model that handles solids. So steady-state design and optimization studies of processes with gasifiers can be undertaken. This paper presents a simple approximate method for achieving the objective of having a gasifier model that can be exported into Aspen Dynamics. The basic idea is to use a high molecular weight hydrocarbon that is present in the Aspen library as a pseudofuel. This component should have the same 1:1 hydrogen-to-carbon ratio that is found in coal and biomass. For many plantwide dynamic studies, a rigorous high-fidelity dynamic model of the gasifier is not needed because its dynamics are very fast and the gasifier gas volume is a relatively small fraction of the total volume of the entire plant. The proposed approximate model captures the essential macroscale thermal, flow, composition, and pressure dynamics. This paper does not attempt to optimize the design or control of gasifiers but merely presents an idea of how to dynamically simulate coal gasification in an approximate way.

Robinson, P.J.; Luyben, W.L. [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

Modeling Molecular Dynamics from Simulations  

SciTech Connect

Many important processes in biology occur at the molecular scale. A detailed understanding of these processes can lead to significant advances in the medical and life sciences. For example, many diseases are caused by protein aggregation or misfolding. One approach to studying these systems is to use physically-based computational simulations to model the interactions and movement of the molecules. While molecular simulations are computationally expensive, it is now possible to simulate many independent molecular dynamics trajectories in a parallel fashion by using super- or distributed- computing methods such as Folding@Home or Blue Gene. The analysis of these large, high-dimensional data sets presents new computational challenges. In this seminar, I will discuss a novel approach to analyzing large ensembles of molecular dynamics trajectories to generate a compact model of the dynamics. This model groups conformations into discrete states and describes the dynamics as Markovian, or history-independent, transitions between the states. I will discuss why the Markovian state model (MSM) is suitable for macromolecular dynamics, and how it can be used to answer many interesting and relevant questions about the molecular system. I will also discuss many of the computational and statistical challenges in building such a model, such as how to appropriately cluster conformations, determine the statistical reliability, and efficiently design new simulations.

Hinrichs, Nina Singhal (University of Chicago) [University of Chicago

2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

403

Molecularly imprinted polymer coated solid-phase microextraction fibers for determination of Sudan I–IV dyes in hot chili powder and poultry feed samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this research, a novel strategy was developed to prepare molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) coated solid-phase microextraction fibers on a large scale with Sudan I as template and stainless steel fibers as substrate. More than 20 fibers could be obtained in one glass tube, and the efficiency and coating repeatability were enhanced remarkably in contrast with the yield of only one fiber in our previous works. The obtained MIP-coated stainless steel fibers were characterized by homogeneous and highly cross-linked coating, good chemical and thermal stabilities, high extraction capacities, and specific selectivities to Sudan I–IV dyes. Based on the systemic optimization of extraction conditions, a simple and cost-effective method based on the coupling of MIP-coated SPME with high-performance liquid chromatography was developed for the fast and selective determination of trace Sudan I–IV dyes in hot chili powder and poultry feed samples. The limits of detection of Sudan I–IV dyes were within 2.5–4.6 ng g?1, and the spiked recoveries were in the range of 86.3–96.3% for hot chili powder sample and 84.6–97.4% for poultry feed sample.

Xiaogang Hu; Quanlin Cai; Yanan Fan; Tingting Ye; Yujuan Cao; Changjuan Guo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Structures of Domains I and IV from YbbR are Representative of a Widely Distributed Protein Family  

SciTech Connect

YbbR domains are widespread throughout Eubacteria and are expressed as monomeric units, linked in tandem repeats or cotranslated with other domains. Although the precise role of these domains remains undefined, the location of the multiple YbbR domain-encoding ybbR gene in the Bacillus subtilis glmM operon and its previous identification as a substrate for a surfactin-type phosphopantetheinyl transferase suggests a role in cell growth, division, and virulence. To further characterize the YbbR domains, structures of two of the four domains (I and IV) from the YbbR-like protein of Desulfitobacterium hafniense Y51 were solved by solution nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray crystallography. The structures show the domains to have nearly identical topologies despite a low amino acid identity (23%). The topology is dominated by {beta}-strands, roughly following a 'figure 8' pattern with some strands coiling around the domain perimeter and others crossing the center. A similar topology is found in the C-terminal domain of two stress-responsive bacterial ribosomal proteins, TL5 and L25. Based on these models, a structurally guided amino acid alignment identifies features of the YbbR domains that are not evident from naive amino acid sequence alignments. A structurally conserved cis-proline (cis-Pro) residue was identified in both domains, though the local structure in the immediate vicinities surrounding this residue differed between the two models. The conservation and location of this cis-Pro, plus anchoring Val residues, suggest this motif may be significant to protein function.

A Barb; J Cort; J Seetharaman; S Lew; H Lee; T Acton; L Tong; G Montelione; J Prestegard; et al.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

405

Fissile solution dynamics: Student research  

SciTech Connect

There are two research projects in criticality safety at the University of Arizona: one in dynamic simulation of hypothetical criticality accidents in fissile solutions, and one in criticality benchmarks using transport theory. We have used the data from nuclear excursions in KEWB, CRAC, and SILENE to help in building models for solution excursions. An equation of state for liquids containing gas bubbles has been developed and coupled to point-reactor dynamics in an attempt to predict fission rate, yield, pressure, and kinetic energy. It appears that radiolytic gas is unimportant until after the first peak, but that it does strongly affect the shape of the subsequent power decrease and also the dynamic pressure.

Hetrick, D.L.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Dynamical 3-Space: Emergent Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The laws of gravitation devised by Newton, and by Hilbert and Einstein, have failed many experimental and observational tests, namely the bore hole g anomaly, flat rotation curves for spiral galaxies, supermassive black hole mass spectrum, uniformly expanding universe, cosmic filaments, laboratory G measurements, galactic EM bending, precocious galaxy formation,.. The response has been the introduction of the new epicycles: ``dark matter", ``dark energy", and others. To understand gravity we must restart with the experimental discoveries by Galileo, and following a heuristic argument we are led to a uniquely determined theory of a dynamical 3-space. That 3-space exists has been missed from the beginning of physics, although it was 1st directly detected by Michelson and Morley in 1887. Uniquely generalising the quantum theory to include this dynamical 3-space we deduce the response of quantum matter and show that it results in a new account of gravity, and explains the above anomalies and others. The dynamical...

Cahill, Reginald T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Dynamics of Block Copolymer Nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect

A detailed study of the dynamics of cadmium sulfide nanoparticles suspended in polystyrene homopolymer matrices was carried out using X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy for temperatures between 120 and 180 °C. For low molecular weight polystyrene homopolymers, the observed dynamics show a crossover from diffusive to hyper-diffusive behavior with decreasing temperatures. For higher molecular weight polystyrene, the nanoparticle dynamics appear hyper-diffusive at all temperatures studied. The relaxation time and characteristic velocity determined from the measured hyper-diffusive dynamics reveal that the activation energy and underlying forces determined are on the order of 2.14 × 10?19 J and 87 pN, respectively. We also carried out a detailed X-ray scattering study of the static and dynamic behavior of a styrene– isoprene diblock copolymer melt with a styrene volume fraction of 0.3468. At 115 and 120 °C, we observe splitting of the principal Bragg peak, which we attribute to phase coexistence of hexagonal cylindrical and cubic double- gyroid structure. In the disordered phase, above 130 °C, we have characterized the dynamics of composition fluctuations via X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy. Near the peak of the static structure factor, these fluctuations show stretched-exponential relaxations, characterized by a stretching exponent of about 0.36 for a range of temperatures immediately above the MST. The corresponding characteristic relaxation times vary exponentially with temperature, changing by a factor of 2 for each 2 °C change in temperature. At low wavevectors, the measured relaxations are diffusive with relaxation times that change by a factor of 2 for each 8 °C change in temperature.

Mochrie, Simon G. J.

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

408

Dynamical model of Ising spins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two-dimensional dynamical model of Ising spins is introduced. Since we were not able to define energy in our system, we introduced an object called the disagreement function. This function controls the dynamics—minimizing it locally we decide upon spin flipping. Amazingly, local minimization of the disagreement function can lead to an increase of its global value. We present the phase diagram of the system and show that exactly the same initial conditions can lead the system to one of several, completely different final steady states.

Katarzyna Sznajd-Weron

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

409

Fairness and dynamic pricing: comments  

SciTech Connect

In ''The Ethics of Dynamic Pricing,'' Ahmad Faruqui lays out a case for improved efficiency in using dynamic prices for retail electricity tariffs and addresses various issues about the distributional effects of alternative pricing mechanisms. The principal contrast is between flat or nearly constant energy prices and time-varying prices that reflect more closely the marginal costs of energy and capacity. The related issues of fairness criteria, contracts, risk allocation, cost allocation, means testing, real-time pricing, and ethical policies of electricity market design also must be considered. (author)

Hogan, William W.

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Model system for slow dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Systems whose dynamics are described by a quasilogarithmic or stretched-exponential time dependence are usually fitted by models which use disorder to create a distribution of relaxation times. Here we describe a model which decays slowly towards equilibrium but does not require disorder to provide the slow dynamics. The model consists of a spin system with the spins interacting via the dipole-dipole interaction. The model is able to replicate the more pronounced features observed in the magnetization decay of magnetic systems and high-temperature superconductors.

D. K. Lottis; R. M. White; E. Dan Dahlberg

1991-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Dynamic Conductance of Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamic conductance of carbon nanotubes was investigated using the nonequilibrium Green's function formalism within the context of a tight-binding model. Specifically, we have studied the ac response of tubes of different helicities, both with and without defects, and an electronic heterojunction. Because of the induced displacement currents, the dynamic conductance of the nanotubes differs significantly from the dc conductance displaying both capacitive and inductive responses. The important role of photon-assisted transport through nanotubes is revealed and its implications for experiments discussed.

Christopher Roland; Marco Buongiorno Nardelli; Jian Wang; Hong Guo

2000-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

412

Theoretical studies of combustion dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The basic objectives of this research program are to develop and apply theoretical techniques to fundamental dynamical processes of importance in gas-phase combustion. There are two major areas currently supported by this grant. One is reactive scattering of diatom-diatom systems, and the other is the dynamics of complex formation and decay based on L{sup 2} methods. In all of these studies, the authors focus on systems that are of interest experimentally, and for which potential energy surfaces based, at least in part, on ab initio calculations are available.

Bowman, J.M. [Emory Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Glassy dynamics of protein folding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A coarse-grained model of a random polypeptide chain, with only discrete torsional degrees of freedom and Hookean springs connecting pairs of hydrophobic residues is shown to display stretched exponential relaxation under Metropolis dynamics at low temperatures with the exponent ??1/4, in agreement with the best experimental results. The time dependent correlation functions for fluctuations about the native state, computed in the Gaussian approximation for real proteins, have also been found to have the same functional form. Our results indicate that the energy landscape exhibits universal features over a very large range of energies and is relatively independent of the specific dynamics.

Erkan Tüzel and Ay?e Erzan

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Cluster dynamics transcending chemical dynamics toward nuclear fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chemical dynamics toward nuclear fusion 10.1073/pnas.0508622103...optimization of table-top dd nuclear fusion driven by CE of deuterium containing...Huizenga J. R. ( 1992 ) Cold Fusion ( Oxford Univ. Press , Oxford...R. H. ( 1960 ) Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions ( Van Nostrand , New...

Andreas Heidenreich; Joshua Jortner; Isidore Last

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Contents iv CCOONNTTEENNTTSS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasifier 158 7.2.5. Discussion 161 8. CONCLUSIONS 162 NOMENCLATURE 164 REFERENCES 170 APPENDICES A. ACSL 206 D. Coal Gasifier Control: A Process Engineering Approach 208 #12;

Skogestad, Sigurd

416

Classical QGP : IV. Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct the equation of a state of the classical QGP valid for all values of Gamma=V/K, the ratio of the mean Coulomb to kinetic energy. By enforcing the Gibbs relations, we derive the pertinent pressure and entropy densities for all Gamma. For the case of an SU(2) classical gluonic plasma our results compare well with lattice simulations. We show that the strongly coupled component of the classical QGP contributes significantly to the bulk thermodynamics across T_c.

Sungtae Cho; Ismail Zahed

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

417

The Dynamics of Syntactic Knowledge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Original Articles The Dynamics of Syntactic Knowledge Thomas agotnes Department of Informatics...logical omniscience problem by taking knowledge as primary rather than as defined in...1Introduction The most studied formal logics of knowledge and belief, epistemic and doxastic logics1......

Thomas Ågotnes; Natasha Alechina

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Dynamical friction on satellite galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a rigid model satellite, Chandrasekhar's dynamical friction formula describes the orbital evolution quite accurately, when the Coulomb logarithm is chosen appropriately. However, it is not known if the orbital evolution of a real satellite with the internal degree of freedom can be described by the dynamical friction formula. We performed N-body simulation of the orbital evolution of a self-consistent satellite galaxy within a self-consistent parent galaxy. We found that the orbital decay of the simulated satellite is significantly faster than the estimate from the dynamical friction formula. The main cause of this discrepancy is that the stars stripped out of the satellite are still close to the satellite, and increase the drag force on the satellite through two mechanisms. One is the direct drag force from particles in the trailing tidal arm, a non-axisymmetric force that slows the satellite down. The other is the indirect effect that is caused by the particles remaining close to the satellite after escape. The force from them enhances the wake caused in the parent galaxy by dynamical friction, and this larger wake in turn slows the satellite down more than expected from the contribution of its bound mass. We found these two have comparable effects, and the combined effect can be as large as 20% of the total drag force on the satellite.

Michiko Fujii; Yoko Funato; Junichiro Makino

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

419

LECTURES IN ELEMENTARY FLUID DYNAMICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LECTURES IN ELEMENTARY FLUID DYNAMICS: Physics, Mathematics and Applications J. M. McDonough Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0503 c 1987, 1990, 2002, 2004, 2009 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Importance of Fluids

McDonough, James M.

420

Knots and dynamics tienne Ghys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was the starting point of the (now forgotten) theory of "vortex atoms", trying to explain elementary "atoms-hydrodynamics: the dynamics of electrically conducting fluids (like a plasma). If one assumes that the fluid is perfect and has no resistance (ideal MHD), the magnetic (divergence free) vector field is merely tran

Ghys, Ã?tienne

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Theory of the dynamics of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

possible units??) q, the catchability coefficient: ...is defined as the proportion of the total stock over time, we can also keep track of the change in biomass (B), using the same model but substituting B for N: This might represent the dynamics of an unexploited fish stock... To add exploitation onto this

Limburg, Karin E.

422

Dynamical Theory of K Mesons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Considerations leading to a complete dynamical theory of K particles and hyperons are outlined. The theory exploits several points of analogy between the ? field and the electromagnetic field, and gives a qualitatively satisfactory description of a number of phenomena. In particular, it accounts for the variety of K-particle decay modes, including those exhibiting opposite parity.

Julian Schwinger

1956-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

An API for dynamic partial evaluation under DynamoRIO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic optimization systems have available runtime (dynamic) data and can cross more boundaries than traditional static optimization systems in the pursuit of program transformations. However, dynamic optimization systems ...

Leger, Christopher, 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications Large scale Python and other dynamic applications may spend huge...

425

SciTech Connect: Hot electron dynamics in graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ThesisDissertation: Hot electron dynamics in graphene Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Hot electron dynamics in graphene Hot electron dynamics in graphene Graphene, a...

426

Benzene Dimer: Dynamic Structure and Thermodynamics Derived from...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benzene Dimer: Dynamic Structure and Thermodynamics Derived from On-the-Fly ab initio DFT-D Molecular Dynamic Simulations. Benzene Dimer: Dynamic Structure and Thermodynamics...

427

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Presented by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamics Laboratory Outline: · Introduction · Software Infrastructure Projects: Completed Current consortium for climate-weather community 3 #12;Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Software Infrastructure Projects ­ Completed: · Flexible Modeling System (FMS) · FMS Model: Hybrid programming model Memory

428

Aging Dynamics in Mixed Nanoclay Dispersions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter investigates the ergodicity breaking and aging dynamics in mixture of colloidal clays, Laponite (L) and Montmorillonite (MMT). The relaxation dynamics has been studied systematically through the l...

Ravi Kumar Pujala

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Archetypal energy landscapes: Dynamical diagnosis Florin Despa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Archetypal energy landscapes: Dynamical diagnosis Florin Despa Department of Chemistry, University studies have identified several motifs for potential energy surfaces corresponding to distinct dynamic and thermodynamic properties. The corresponding disconnectivity graphs were identified as ``palm tree,'' ``willow

Berry, R. Stephen

430

Optimization of naïve dynamic binary instrumentation Tools/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The proliferation of dynamic program analysis tools has done much to ease the burden of developing complex software. However, creating such tools remains a challenge. Dynamic binary instrumentation frameworks such as ...

Kleckner, Reid (Reid N.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Lab experiences for teaching undergraduate dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes several projects developed to teach undergraduate dynamics and controls. The materials were developed primarily for the class 2.003 Modeling Dynamics and Control I. These include (1) a set of ActivLab ...

Lilienkamp, Katherine A. (Katherine Ann), 1969-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Dynamic Algorithm for Space Weather Forecasting System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose to develop a dynamic algorithm that intelligently analyzes existing solar weather data and constructs an increasingly more accurate equation/algorithm for predicting solar weather accurately in real time. This dynamic algorithm analyzes a...

Fischer, Luke D.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

433

A Multiscale Analysis of Dynamic Wetting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Williams, B. C. (2008). Engineering Fluid Mechanics. Wiley,Thermo-Fluid Dynamics: In Materials Science and Engineering.Fluid Dynamics. McGraw-Hill Sci- ence/Engineering/Math, 1st

Minaki, Hiroyuki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Many-Body Problem in Quantum Statistical Mechanics. IV. Formulation in Terms of Average Occupation Number in Momentum Space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Starting from Rules A and B of a previous paper (I), it is shown that the grand partition function can be evaluated in terms of the statistical averages of the occupation number in momentum space. The final formulation is in terms of a simple variational principle. The procedure represents a concise and complete separation of the effect of the Bose-Einstein or Fermi-Dirac statistical character of the particles from the dynamical problem. In the case of Bose statistics, this formulation makes possible a systematic computation of all thermodynamic functions near the Bose-Einstein transition point in the gaseous phase. Applications to a system of hard spheres are discussed.

T. D. Lee and C. N. Yang

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Development of a Dynamic DOE Calibration Model  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A dynamic heavy duty diesel engine model was developed. The model can be applied for calibration and control system optimization.

436

Insight Gained from Simplified Dynamic Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Insight Gained from Simplified Dynamic Analysis ... or Everything Old is New Again October 21, 2014 Greg Mertz Consultant

437

Risk-Averse Stochastic Dual Dynamic Programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 27, 2013 ... dynamic programming for hydroelectricity generation, Technical report, Electric Power Opti- mization Centre, University of Auckland, ...

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

438

Dynamic Screening and Thermonuclear Reaction Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that there are no dynamic screening corrections to the Salpeter's enhancement factor in the weak-screening limit.

Andrei V. Gruzinov

1997-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

439

Dynamics of Josephson-junction ladders  

SciTech Connect

We have numerically studied dynamical behaviors of Josephson-junction ladders consisting of [ital N][sub [ital p

Kim, J. (Department of Physics, Basic Science Research Institute, Pohang Institute of Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 125, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of) Division of Basic Science Research, Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 135, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of)); Choe, W.G.; Kim, S. (Department of Physics, Basic Science Research Institute, Pohang Institute of Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 125, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of)); Lee, H.J. (Department of Physics, Basic Science Research Institute, Pohang Institute of Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 125, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of) Division of Basic Science Research, Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 135, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Dynamic capabilities in the software process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Software development is an important dynamic capability of a software-developing organisation. This paper explores product development in general and software development in particular from the viewpoint of the dynamic capabilities research stream ... Keywords: RBV, dynamic capabilities, inductive reasoning, product development, product innovation, resource transformation typology, resource-based view, software business, software development, software engineering, software process

Markus M. Makela; Nilay V. Oza; Jyrki Kontio

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamics iv pneumatic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel development in Asia Pacific Christina Schott Jakarta, 2009 #12;ii Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel development in Asia Pacific Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel of many biofuels has turned out to be far from sustainable. The carbon balance often proves to be negative

442

Dynamic Testing of Check Valves William Rahmeyer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Testing of Check Valves William Rahmeyer Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering;1 DYNAMIC FLOW TESTING OF CHECK VALVES by William Rahmeyer, Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering objectives of this paper are: (1) to present a test method by which check valves can be dynamically tested

Rahmeyer, William J.

443

Control algorithms for dynamic attenuators  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The authors describe algorithms to control dynamic attenuators in CT and compare their performance using simulated scans. Dynamic attenuators are prepatient beam shaping filters that modulate the distribution of x-ray fluence incident on the patient on a view-by-view basis. These attenuators can reduce dose while improving key image quality metrics such as peak or mean variance. In each view, the attenuator presents several degrees of freedom which may be individually adjusted. The total number of degrees of freedom across all views is very large, making many optimization techniques impractical. The authors develop a theory for optimally controlling these attenuators. Special attention is paid to a theoretically perfect attenuator which controls the fluence for each ray individually, but the authors also investigate and compare three other, practical attenuator designs which have been previously proposed: the piecewise-linear attenuator, the translating attenuator, and the double wedge attenuator. Methods: The authors pose and solve the optimization problems of minimizing the mean and peak variance subject to a fixed dose limit. For a perfect attenuator and mean variance minimization, this problem can be solved in simple, closed form. For other attenuator designs, the problem can be decomposed into separate problems for each view to greatly reduce the computational complexity. Peak variance minimization can be approximately solved using iterated, weighted mean variance (WMV) minimization. Also, the authors develop heuristics for the perfect and piecewise-linear attenuators which do not requirea priori knowledge of the patient anatomy. The authors compare these control algorithms on different types of dynamic attenuators using simulated raw data from forward projected DICOM files of a thorax and an abdomen. Results: The translating and double wedge attenuators reduce dose by an average of 30% relative to current techniques (bowtie filter with tube current modulation) without increasing peak variance. The 15-element piecewise-linear dynamic attenuator reduces dose by an average of 42%, and the perfect attenuator reduces dose by an average of 50%. Improvements in peak variance are several times larger than improvements in mean variance. Heuristic control eliminates the need for a prescan. For the piecewise-linear attenuator, the cost of heuristic control is an increase in dose of 9%. The proposed iterated WMV minimization produces results that are within a few percent of the true solution. Conclusions: Dynamic attenuators show potential for significant dose reduction. A wide class of dynamic attenuators can be accurately controlled using the described methods.

Hsieh, Scott S., E-mail: sshsieh@stanford.edu [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 and Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Pelc, Norbert J. [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford California 94305 and Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford California 94305 and Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 139, 175101 (2013) Dynamic neutron scattering from conformational dynamics. I. Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 139, 175101 (2013) Dynamic neutron scattering from, a conformational dynamics theory of dynamical neutron and X-ray scattering is developed, follow- ing our previous spectroscopy (dynamic neutron scattering) probes time correlations on the sub pico- to microsec- ond timescales

445

SMALL-SCALE TESTING OF PLUTONIUM (IV) OXALATE PRECIPITATION AND CALCINATION TO PLUTONIUM OXIDE TO SUPPORT THE MOX FEED MISSION  

SciTech Connect

The H-Canyon facility will be used to dissolve Pu metal for subsequent purification and conversion to plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) using Phase II of HB-Line. To support the new mission, SRNL conducted a series of experiments to produce calcined plutonium (Pu) oxide and measure the physical properties and water adsorption of that material. This data will help define the process operating conditions and material handling steps for HB-Line. An anion exchange column experiment produced 1.4 L of a purified 52.6 g/L Pu solution. Over the next nine weeks, seven Pu(IV) oxalate precipitations were performed using the same stock Pu solution, with precipitator feed acidities ranging from 0.77 M to 3.0 M nitric acid and digestion times ranging from 5 to 30 minutes. Analysis of precipitator filtrate solutions showed Pu losses below 1% for all precipitations. The four larger precipitation batches matched the target oxalic acid addition time of 44 minutes within 4 minutes. The three smaller precipitation batches focused on evaluation of digestion time and the oxalic acid addition step ranged from 25-34 minutes because of pump limitations in the low flow range. Following the precipitations, 22 calcinations were performed in the range of 610-690 C, with the largest number of samples calcined at either 650 or 635 C. Characterization of the resulting PuO{sub 2} batches showed specific surface areas in the range of 5-14 m{sup 2}/g, with 16 of the 22 samples in the range of 5-10 m2/g. For samples analyzed with typical handling (exposed to ambient air for 15-45 minutes with relative humidities of 20-55%), the moisture content as measured by Mass Spectrometry ranged from 0.15 to 0.45 wt % and the total mass loss at 1000 C, as measured by TGA, ranged from 0.21 to 0.58 wt %. For the samples calcined between 635 and 650 C, the moisture content without extended exposure ranged from 0.20 to 0.38 wt %, and the TGA mass loss ranged from 0.26 to 0.46 wt %. Of these latter samples, the samples calcined at 650 C generally had lower specific surface areas and lower moisture contents than the samples calcined at 635 C, which matches expectations from the literature. Taken together, the TGA-MS results for samples handled at nominally 20-50% RH, without extended exposure, indicate that the Pu(IV) oxalate precipitation process followed by calcination at 635-650 C appears capable of producing PuO{sub 2} with moisture content < 0.5 wt% as required by the 3013 Standard. Exposures of PuO{sub 2} samples to ambient air for 3 or more hours generally showed modest mass gains that were primarily gains in moisture content. These results point to the need for a better understanding of the moisture absorption of PuO{sub 2} and serve as a warning that extended exposure times, particularly above the 50% RH level observed in this study will make the production of PuO{sub 2} with less than 0.5 wt % moisture more challenging. Samples analyzed in this study generally contained approximately 2 monolayer equivalents of moisture. In this study, the bulk of the moisture released from samples below 300 C, as did a significant portion of the CO{sub 2}. Samples in this study consistently released a minor amount of NO in the 40-300 C range, but no samples released CO or SO{sub 2}. TGA-MS results also showed that MS moisture content accounted for 80 {+-} 8% of the total mass loss at 1000 C measured by the TGA. The PuO{sub 2} samples produced had particles sizes that typically ranged from 0.2-88 {micro}m, with the mean particle size ranging from 6.4-9.3 {micro}m. The carbon content of ten different calcination batches ranged from 190-480 {micro}g C/g Pu, with an average value of 290 {micro}g C/g Pu. A statistical review of the calcination conditions and resulting SSA values showed that in both cases tested, calcination temperature had a significant effect on SSA, as expected from literature data. The statistical review also showed that batch size had a significant effect on SSA, but the narrow range of batch sizes tested is a compelling reason to set aside that result until tests

Crowder, M.; Pierce, R.; Scogin, J.; Daniel, G.; King, W.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

446

Population dynamics of scrapie in a sheep flock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and (iv) transmission (scrapie...mitted; routes of horizontal transmission are still...scrapie-resistant line on the basis...in the two lines are, therefore...and vertical routes, is assumed...14. (d) Transmission Susceptibility...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Examination of utility Phase 1 compliance choices and state reactions to Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990  

SciTech Connect

Title IV (acid rain) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 is imposing new limitations on the emission of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and nitrogen oxides (N{sub x}) from electric power plants. The act requires utilities to develop compliance plans to reduce these emissions, and indications are that these plans will dramatically alter traditional operating procedures. A key provision of the SO{sub 2} control program deaned in Title IV is the creation of a system of emission allowances, with utilities having the option of complying by adjusting system emissions and allowance holdings. A compilation of SO{sub 2} compliance activities by the 110 utility plants affected by Phase I is summarized in this report. These compliance plans are presented in a tabular form, correlated with age, capacity, and power pool data. A large number of the Phase I units (46%) have chosen to blend or switch to lower sulfur coals. This choice primarily is in response to (1) prices of low-sulfur coal and (2) the need to maintain SO{sub 2} control flexibility because of uncertain future environmental regulations (e.g., air toxics, carbon dioxide) and compliance prices. The report also discusses the responses of state legislatures and public utility commissions to the compliance requirements in Title IV. Most states have taken negligible action regarding the regulatory treatment of allowances and compliance activities. To protect mine employment, states producing high-sulfur coal have enacted regulations encouraging continued use of that coal, but for the most part, this response has had little effect on utility compliance choices.

Bailey, K.A.; Elliott, T.J.; Carlson, L.J.; South, D.W.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Dynamic storage of continuous products under volume constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Products and Two Tanks with Production Fqual to Demand Case II - Two Products and Three Tanks with Production Equal to Demand Case III ? Two Products and N Tanks w' th Production Equal to Demand Case IV ? Two Products and Two Tanks with Production... Greater than Demand IV GEOMETRIC SOLUTIONS FOR SCHEDULING SHARED FACILITIES WITH INTERFACE CONSTPAINTS. General Constraints and Conditions Product Dominance. Tank Rel. ease Dominance Interpretation of Geometric Solutions. V. GENERAL SOLUTION...

Lewis, Harry Swift

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Dynamic imaging with electron microscopy  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Livermore researchers have perfected an electron microscope to study fast-evolving material processes and chemical reactions. By applying engineering, microscopy, and laser expertise to the decades-old technology of electron microscopy, the dynamic transmission electron microscope (DTEM) team has developed a technique that can capture images of phenomena that are both very small and very fast. DTEM uses a precisely timed laser pulse to achieve a short but intense electron beam for imaging. When synchronized with a dynamic event in the microscope's field of view, DTEM allows scientists to record and measure material changes in action. A new movie-mode capability, which earned a 2013 R&D 100 Award from R&D Magazine, uses up to nine laser pulses to sequentially capture fast, irreversible, even one-of-a-kind material changes at the nanometer scale. DTEM projects are advancing basic and applied materials research, including such areas as nanostructure growth, phase transformations, and chemical reactions.

Campbell, Geoffrey; McKeown, Joe; Santala, Melissa

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

450

Dynamic imaging with electron microscopy  

SciTech Connect

Livermore researchers have perfected an electron microscope to study fast-evolving material processes and chemical reactions. By applying engineering, microscopy, and laser expertise to the decades-old technology of electron microscopy, the dynamic transmission electron microscope (DTEM) team has developed a technique that can capture images of phenomena that are both very small and very fast. DTEM uses a precisely timed laser pulse to achieve a short but intense electron beam for imaging. When synchronized with a dynamic event in the microscope's field of view, DTEM allows scientists to record and measure material changes in action. A new movie-mode capability, which earned a 2013 R&D 100 Award from R&D Magazine, uses up to nine laser pulses to sequentially capture fast, irreversible, even one-of-a-kind material changes at the nanometer scale. DTEM projects are advancing basic and applied materials research, including such areas as nanostructure growth, phase transformations, and chemical reactions.

Campbell, Geoffrey; McKeown, Joe; Santala, Melissa

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

451

Predissociation dynamics of lithium iodide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The predissociation dynamics of lithium iodide (LiI) in the first excited A-state is investigated for molecules in the gas phase and embedded in helium nanodroplets, using femtosecond pump-probe photoionization spectroscopy. In the gas phase, the transient Li+ and LiI+ ion signals feature damped oscillations due to the excitation and decay of a vibrational wave packet. Based on high-level ab initio calculations of the electronic structure of LiI and simulations of the wave packet dynamics, the exponential signal decay is found to result from predissociation predominantly at the lowest avoided X-A potential curve crossing, for which we infer a coupling constant V=650(20) reciprocal cm. The lack of a pump-probe delay dependence for the case of LiI embedded in helium nanodroplets indicates fast droplet-induced relaxation of the vibrational excitation.

Schmidt, H; Stienkemeier, F; Bogomolov, A S; Baklanov, A V; Reich, D M; Skomorowski, W; Koch, C P; Mudrich, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Unwinding relaxation dynamics of polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relaxation dynamics of a polymer wound around a fixed obstacle constitutes a fundamental instance of polymer with twist and torque and it is of relevance also for DNA denaturation dynamics. We investigate it by simulations and Langevin equation analysis. The latter predicts a relaxation time scaling as a power of the polymer length times a logarithmic correction related to the equilibrium fluctuations of the winding angle. The numerical data support this result and show that at short times the winding angle decreases as a power-law. This is also in agreement with the Langevin equation provided a winding-dependent friction is used, suggesting that such reduced description of the system captures the basic features of the problem.

Jean-Charles Walter; Marco Baiesi; Gerard Barkema; Enrico Carlon

2013-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

453

A Reformulation of Newtonian Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is postulated that all dynamical laws must be formulated in terms of variables measured relative to interacting particles. This implies that the two-particle system is the fundamental interaction unit. When this postulate is applied to Newtonian mechanics a radically new conceptual structure is revealed. The two major changes which result are the absence of the law of inertia and a broadening of the space and time invariance to include accelerated observers. Although energy and angular momentum remain conserved in this reformulation the usual linear momentum theorem does not appear. It is further shown that the theory can be expressed in the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms in a straightforward manner. Finally applications are made to several simple two-body and three-body systems which demonstrate that many-particle interactions can be formulated without reference to the dynamics of a single particle.

C. Gregory Hood

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The dynamics of fragment formation  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate that in the Quantum Molecular Dynamics model, dynamical correlations can result in the production rate for final state nucleon clusters (and hence composite fragments) being higher than would be expected if statistics and the available phase space were dominant in determining composite formation. An intranuclear cascade or a Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck model, combined with a statistical approach in the late stage of the collision to determine composites, provides an equivalent description only under limited conditions of centrality and beam energy. We use data on participant fragment production in Au + Au collisions in the Bevalac`s BOS time projection chamber to map out the parameter space where statistical clustering provides a good description. In particular, we investigate momentum-space densities of fragments up to {sup 4}He as a function of fragment transverse momentum, azimuth relative to the reaction plane, rapidity, multiplicity and beam energy.

Keane, D. [Kent State Univ., OH (United States); EOS Collaboration

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

DOE-HDBK-1122-99 Radiological Control Technical Training, Facility Practical Training Attachment Phase IV, Part 9 0f 9  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiological Control Technician Training Facility Practical Training Attachment Phase IV Coordinated and Conducted for Office of Environment, Safety & Health U.S. Department of Energy DOE-HDBK-1122-99 ii This page intentionally left blank DOE-HDBK-1122-99 iii Course Developers William Egbert Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Dave Lent Coleman Research Michael McNaughton Los Alamos National Laboratory Bobby Oliver Lockheed Martin Energy Systems Richard Cooke Argonne National Laboratory Brian Thomson Sandia National Laboratory Michael McGough Westinghouse Savannah River Company Brian Killand Fluor Daniel Hanford Corporation Course Reviewers Technical Standards Managers U.S. Department of Energy

456

Kinetic and Equilibrium Profiles of Adsorptive Recovery of Thorium(IV) from Aqueous Solutions Using Poly(methacrylic acid) Grafted Cellulose/Bentonite Superabsorbent Composite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

‡ Materials Science and Technology Division, National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (CSIR), Trivandrum 695 019, India ... Technologies employed for the removal and recovery of Th(IV) ions from aqueous solutions include liquid–liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction, chromatography, ion exchange, functionalized resins, coprecipitation, electrode deposition, and adsorption. ... GBC Avanta (A5450) atomic absorption sphectrophotometer (AAS) was used to determine the concentration of Fe(III), Ce(III), Sr(II), Al(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Li, Na, K, Mg, Ca, and Ba. ...

T. S. Anirudhan; P. S. Suchithra; P. Senan; A. R. Tharun

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

457

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Dynamic response of guyed towers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

guyed towers. A parametric study was conducted using eigen analysis to determine the effects of consistent mass, geometric stiffness and P-Delta gravity loads. Time domain solutions were obtained by direct integration for motion due to regular Stokes... guyed tower 2 References to guyed tower dynamic analysis 4 Effect of mass formulation on tower natural periods. 5 P-Delta effect on fundamental period. 6 Effect of axial compression on the 1st & 2nd mode. 7 Geometric stiffness effect on natural...

Gillcrist, Mark Christopher

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

Turbo Dynamics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbo Dynamics Turbo Dynamics Jump to: navigation, search Name Turbo Dynamics Address 3235 River rd. Place Toledo, Ohio Zip 43614 Sector Biomass, Buildings, Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Services, Solar Product Agriculture; Consulting;Energy audits/weatherization; Engineering/architectural/design;Installation; Maintenance and repair;Manufacturing; Research and development;Retail product sales and distribution;Trainining and education Phone number 419-382-7287 Website http://www.turbodradial.com Coordinates 41.607247°, -83.591719° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.607247,"lon":-83.591719,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

460

Brownian dynamics without Green's functions  

SciTech Connect

We develop a Fluctuating Immersed Boundary (FIB) method for performing Brownian dynamics simulations of confined particle suspensions. Unlike traditional methods which employ analytical Green's functions for Stokes flow in the confined geometry, the FIB method uses a fluctuating finite-volume Stokes solver to generate the action of the response functions “on the fly.” Importantly, we demonstrate that both the deterministic terms necessary to capture the hydrodynamic interactions among the suspended particles, as well as the stochastic terms necessary to generate the hydrodynamically correlated Brownian motion, can be generated by solving the steady Stokes equations numerically only once per time step. This is accomplished by including a stochastic contribution to the stress tensor in the fluid equations consistent with fluctuating hydrodynamics. We develop novel temporal integrators that account for the multiplicative nature of the noise in the equations of Brownian dynamics and the strong dependence of the mobility on the configuration for confined systems. Notably, we propose a random finite difference approach to approximating the stochastic drift proportional to the divergence of the configuration-dependent mobility matrix. Through comparisons with analytical and existing computational results, we numerically demonstrate the ability of the FIB method to accurately capture both the static (equilibrium) and dynamic properties of interacting particles in flow.

Delong, Steven; Donev, Aleksandar, E-mail: donev@courant.nyu.edu [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States)] [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States); Usabiaga, Florencio Balboa; Delgado-Buscalioni, Rafael [Departamento de Física Teórica de la Materia Condensada and Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC), Univeridad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid 28049 (Spain)] [Departamento de Física Teórica de la Materia Condensada and Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC), Univeridad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid 28049 (Spain); Griffith, Boyce E. [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States) [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States); Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016 (United States)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Dynamics of evaporative colloidal patterning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drying suspensions often leave behind complex patterns of particulates, as might be seen in the coffee stains on a table. Here we consider the dynamics of periodic band or uniform solid film formation on a vertical plate suspended partially in a drying colloidal solution. Direct observations allow us to visualize the dynamics of the band and film deposition, and the transition in between when the colloidal concentration is varied. A minimal theory of the liquid meniscus motion along the plate reveals the dynamics of the banding and its transition to the filming as a function of the ratio of deposition and evaporation rates. We also provide a complementary multiphase model of colloids dissolved in the liquid, which couples the inhomogeneous evaporation at the evolving meniscus to the fluid and particulate flows and the transition from a dilute suspension to a porous plug. This allows us to determine the concentration dependence of the bandwidth and the deposition rate. Together, our findings allow for the control of drying-induced patterning as a function of the colloidal concentration and evaporation rate.

C. Nadir Kaplan; Ning Wu; Shreyas Mandre; Joanna Aizenberg; L. Mahadevan

2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

462

Brownian Dynamics without Green's Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a Fluctuating Immersed Boundary (FIB) method for performing Brownian dynamics simulations of confined particle suspensions. Unlike traditional methods which employ analytical Green's functions for Stokes flow in the confined geometry, the FIB method uses a fluctuating finite-volume Stokes solver to generate the action of the response functions "on the fly". Importantly, we demonstrate that both the deterministic terms necessary to capture the hydrodynamic interactions among the suspended particles, as well as the stochastic terms necessary to generate the hydrodynamically-correlated Brownian motion, can be generated by solving the steady Stokes equations numerically only once per time step. This is accomplished by including a stochastic contribution to the stress tensor in the fluid equations consistent with fluctuating hydrodynamics. We develop novel temporal integrators that account for the multiplicative nature of the noise in the equations of Brownian dynamics and the strong dependence of the mobility on the configuration for confined systems. Notably, we propose a random finite difference approach to approximating the stochastic drift proportional to the divergence of the configuration-dependent mobility matrix. Through comparisons with analytical and existing computational results, we numerically demonstrate the ability of the FIB method to accurately capture both the static (equilibrium) and dynamic properties of interacting particles in flow.

S. Delong; F. Balboa Usabiaga; R. Delgado-Buscalioni; B. E. Griffith; A. Donev

2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

463

Dynamic compression of materials: metallization of fluid hydrogen at high pressures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamic high pressure is 1?GPa (10?kbar) or greater with a rise time and a duration ranging from 1?ps (10?12?s) to 1?µs (10?6?s). Today it is possible in a laboratory to achieve pressures dynamically up to ~500?GPa (5?Mbar) and greater, compressions as much as ~15-fold greater than initial density in the case of hydrogen and temperatures from ~0.1 up to several electronvolts (11?600?K). At these conditions materials are extremely condensed semiconductors or degenerate metals. Temperature can be tuned independently of pressure by a combination of shock and isentropic compression. As a result, new opportunities are now available in condensed matter physics at extreme conditions. The basic physics of the dynamic process, experimental methods of generating and diagnosing matter at these extreme conditions and a technique to recover metastable materials intact from ~100?GPa shock pressures are discussed.Results include (i) generation of pressure standards at static pressures up to ~200?GPa (2?Mbar) at 300?K, (ii) single-shock compression of small-molecular fluids, including resolution of the recent controversy over the correct shock-compression curve of liquid D2 at 100?GPa pressures, (iii) the first observations of metallization of fluid hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen compressed quasi-isentropically at 100?GPa pressures, (iv) implications for the interiors of giant planets within our solar system, extrasolar giant planets and brown dwarfs discovered recently and the equation of state of deuterium–tritium in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and (v) prospects of recovering novel materials from extreme conditions, such as metastable solid metallic hydrogen. Future research is suggested.

W J Nellis

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Computed oscillator strengths and energy levels for Fe III, Fe IV, Fe V, and Fe VI with calculated wavelengths and wavelengths derived from established data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculated weighted oscillator strengths are tabulated for spectral lines of Fe III, Fe IV, Fe V, and Fe VI. The lines belong to transition arrays 3d6-3d54p and 3d54s-3d54p in Fe III, 3d5-3d44p and 3d44s-3d44p in Fe IV, 3d4-3d34p and 3d34s-3d34p in Fe V, and 3d3-3d24p and 3d24s-3d24p in Fe VI. For the calculations, Slater parameters are optimized on the basis of minimizing the discrepancies between observed and computed wavelengths. Configuration interaction was included among the 3dn, 3dn?14s, 3dn?24s2, 3dn?14d, and 3dn?15s even configurations and among the 3dn?14p, 3dn?24s4p, and 3dn?15p odd configurations, with 3p53dn+1 added for Fe VI. Calculated wavelengths are compared with observational data, and the compositions of energy levels are listed. This completes a series of similar computations for these complex configurations covering Fe I to Fe VI.

B.C. Fawcett

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Impact of TBI on late effects in children treated by megatherapy for Stage IV neuroblastoma. A study of the French Society of Pediatric oncology  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine the contribution of total body irradiation (TBI) to late sequelae in children treated with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation for Stage IV neuroblastoma. Patients and Methods: We compared two populations that were similar with regard to age, stage, pre-autologous bone marrow transplantation chemotherapy (CT) regimen, period of treatment, and follow-up (12 years). The TBI group (n = 32) received TBI as part of the megatherapy procedure (1982-1993), whereas the CT group (n 30) received conditioning without TBI (1985-1992). Analysis 12 years later focused on growth, weight and corpulence (body mass index) delay; hormonal deficiencies; liver, kidney, heart, ear, eye, and dental sequelae; school performance; and the incidence of secondary tumors. Results: Impact of TBI was most marked in relation to growth and weight delay, although the mean delay was not severe, probably because of treatment with growth hormones. Other consequences of TBI were thyroid insufficiency, cataracts, and a high incidence of secondary tumors. Hearing loss and dental agenesis were more prominent in the group treated with CT alone. No differences were observed in school performance. Conclusion: The most frequent side effects of TBI were cataracts, thyroid insufficiency, and growth delay, but more worrying is the risk of secondary tumors. Because of the young mean age of patients and the toxicity of TBI regimens without any survival advantage, regimens without TBI are preferable in the management of Stage IV neuroblastoma.

Flandin, Isabelle [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Leon Berard, Lyon (France); Department of Radiotherapy/Oncology, Hospital Lyon Sud, Lyon (France); Hartmann, Olivier [Department of Pediatrics, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Michon, Jean [Department of Pediatrics, Institut Curie, Paris (France); Pinkerton, Ross [Mater Hospitals, Brisbane (Australia); Coze, Carole [Department of Pediatrics, Hopital La Timone, Marseille (France); Stephan, Jean Louis [Department of Pediatrics, Hopital Nord C.H.U. Saint Etienne, Saint Priest-En-Jarez (France); Fourquet, Bernard [Department of Pediatrics, Institut Curie, Paris (France); Valteau-Couanet, Dominique [Department of Pediatrics, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Bergeron, Christophe [Department of Pediatrics, Centre Leon Berard, Lyon (France); Philip, Thierry [Department of Pediatrics, Centre Leon Berard, Lyon (France); Carrie, Christian [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Leon Berard, Lyon (France)]. E-mail: carrie@lyon.fnclcc.fr

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Brownian Dynamics Simulation of Protein Solutions: Structural and Dynamical Properties  

SciTech Connect

The study of solutions of biomacromolecules provides an important basis for understanding the behavior of many fundamental cellular processes, such as protein folding, self-assembly, biochemical reactions, and signal transduction. Here, we describe a Brownian dynamics simulation procedure and its validation for the study of the dynamic and structural properties of protein solutions. In the model used, the proteins are treated as atomically detailed rigid bodies moving in a continuum solvent. The protein-protein interaction forces are described by the sum of electrostatic interaction, electrostatic desolvation, nonpolar desolvation, and soft-core repulsion terms. The linearized Poisson-Boltzmann equation is solved to compute electrostatic terms. Simulations of homogeneous solutions of three different proteins with varying concentrations, pH, and ionic strength were performed. The results were compared to experimental data and theoretical values in terms of long-time self-diffusion coefficients, second virial coefficients, and structure factors. The results agree with the experimental trends and, in many cases, experimental values are reproduced quantitatively. There are no parameters specific to certain protein types in the interaction model, and hence the model should be applicable to the simulation of the behavior of mixtures of macromolecules in cell-like crowded environments.

Mereghetti, Paolo; Gabdoulline, Razif; Wade, Rebecca C.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Scalar Mesons and Chiral Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss scalar mesons properties on the light of chiral dynamics. Considering them as the chiral partners of pseudo?scalar mesons we propose an explanation to their unusual properties based on non?trivial vacuum effects coming from the interplay between spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry and the violation of UA (1) symmetry by instantons. Including vector mesons as external sources we work out predictions for radiative decays of vector mesons and compare some of them with recent experimental results from high luminosity ? factories.

Mauro Napsuciale

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Scalar Mesons and Chiral Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss scalar mesons properties on the light of chiral dynamics. Considering them as the chiral partners of pseudo-scalar mesons we propose an explanation to their unusual properties based on non-trivial vacuum effects coming from the interplay between spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry and the violation of $U_A(1)$ symmetry by instantons. Including vector mesons as external sources we work out predictions for radiative decays of vector mesons and compare some of them with recent experimental results from high luminosity $\\Phi$ factories.

Mauro Napsuciale

2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Loop shaping of structural dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ratios. . 51 5 Constant Current Tests. 6 Varying Current Tests 75 79 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 1 Idealized Multiple-Degree-of Freedom Structure. 2 Induced Matrix Norm. 13 3 System G(s) . 15 4 Singular Values of Displacement Response... in terms of the expected values of stochastic signals. All of these various interpretations make the H?norm useful in engineering applications. 15 w(t) G(s) z(t) Fig. 3. System G(s) 2. 3 Singular Values of Structural Dynamics 2. 3. 1 Displacement...

Kim, Byeong Hwa

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Dynamic Structure Factor of Microemulsions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamic structure factor G(k,?) is studied in a time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau model for microemulsions in thermal equilibrium by field-theoretic perturbation methods. For small viscosities, the structure factor develops a peak at a nonzero frequency ?, for fixed wavelengths of the order of the typical domain size of oil and water regions. This implies that the intermediate scattering function oscillates in time. We give a simple explanation for these temporal oscillations by considering the flow through a tube with a radius-dependent tension.

G. Gompper and M. Hennes

1994-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

471

Dynamical analysis of highly excited molecular spectra  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this program is new methods for analysis of spectra and dynamics of highly excited vibrational states of molecules. In these systems, strong mode coupling and anharmonicity give rise to complicated classical dynamics, and make the simple normal modes analysis unsatisfactory. New methods of spectral analysis, pattern recognition, and assignment are sought using techniques of nonlinear dynamics including bifurcation theory, phase space classification, and quantization of phase space structures. The emphasis is chaotic systems and systems with many degrees of freedom.

Kellman, M.E. [Univ. of Oregon, Eugene (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging as a Predictor of Outcome in Head-and-Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients With Nodal Metastases  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) can provide information regarding tumor perfusion and permeability and has shown prognostic value in certain tumors types. The goal of this study was to assess the prognostic value of pretreatment DCE-MRI in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients with nodal disease undergoing chemoradiation therapy or surgery. Methods and Materials: Seventy-four patients with histologically proven squamous cell carcinoma and neck nodal metastases were eligible for the study. Pretreatment DCE-MRI was performed on a 1.5T MRI. Clinical follow-up was a minimum of 12 months. DCE-MRI data were analyzed using the Tofts model. DCE-MRI parameters were related to treatment outcome (progression-free survival [PFS] and overall survival [OS]). Patients were grouped as no evidence of disease (NED), alive with disease (AWD), dead with disease (DOD), or dead of other causes (DOC). Prognostic significance was assessed using the log-rank test for single variables and Cox proportional hazards regression for combinations of variables. Results: At last clinical follow-up, for Stage III, all 12 patients were NED. For Stage IV, 43 patients were NED, 4 were AWD, 11 were DOD, and 4 were DOC. K{sup trans} is volume transfer constant. In a stepwise Cox regression, skewness of K{sup trans} (volume transfer constant) was the strongest predictor for Stage IV patients (PFS and OS: p <0.001). Conclusion: Our study shows that skewness of K{sup trans} was the strongest predictor of PFS and OS in Stage IV HNSCC patients with nodal disease. This study suggests an important role for pretreatment DCE-MRI parameter K{sup trans} as a predictor of outcome in these patients.

Shukla-Dave, Amita, E-mail: davea@mskcc.org [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Lee, Nancy Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Jansen, Jacobus F.A. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Thaler, Howard T. [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Stambuk, Hilda E. [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Fury, Matthew G. [Department of Medical Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Patel, Snehal G. [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Moreira, Andre L. [Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Sherman, Eric [Department of Medical Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Karimi, Sasan [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Wang, Ya [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Kraus, Dennis; Shah, Jatin P. [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Pfister, David G. [Department of Medical Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); and others

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Dynamic Testing of Gasifier Refractory  

SciTech Connect

The University of North Dakota (UND) Chemical Engineering Department in conjunction with the UND Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) have initiated a program to thoroughly examine the combined chemical (reaction and phase change) and physical (erosion) effects experienced by a variety of refractory materials during both normal operation and thermal cycling under slagging coal gasification conditions. The goal of this work is to devise a mechanism of refractory loss under these conditions. The controlled-atmospheric dynamic corrodent application furnace (CADCAF) is being utilized to simulate refractory/slag interactions under dynamic conditions that more realistically simulate the environment in a slagging coal gasifier than any of the static tests used previously by refractory manufacturers and researchers. Shakedown testing of the CADCAF has been completed. Samples of slag and refractory from the Tampa Electric Polk Power Station have been obtained for testing in the CADCAF. The slag has been dried and sieved to the size needed for our flowing slag corrosion tests. Screening tests are in currently in progress. Detailed analysis of corrosion rates from the first tests is in progress.

Michael D. Mann; Devdutt Shukla; Xi Hong; John P. Hurley

2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

474

Ultrafast studies of solution dynamics  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Fast chemical dynamics generally must be initiated photochemically. This limits the applicability of modern laser methods for following the structural changes that occur during chemical and biological reactions to those systems that have an electronic chromophore that has a significant yield of photoproduct when excited. This project has developed a new and entirely general approach to ultrafast initiation of reactions in solution: laser-induced temperature jump (T-jump). The results open entire new fields of study of ultrafast molecular dynamics in solution. The authors have demonstrated the T-jump technique on time scales of 50 ps and longer, and have applied it to study of the fast events in protein folding. They find that a general lifetime of alpha-helix formation is ca 100 ns, and that tertiary folds (in apomyoglobin) form in ca 100 {mu}s.

Woodruff, W.H.; Dyer, R.B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Callender, R.H. [City Univ. of New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Radiation in molecular dynamic simulations  

SciTech Connect

Hot dense radiative (HDR) plasmas common to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) and stellar interiors have high temperature (a few hundred eV to tens of keV), high density (tens to hundreds of g/cc) and high pressure (hundreds of Megabars to thousands of Gigabars). Typically, such plasmas undergo collisional, radiative, atomic and possibly thermonuclear processes. In order to describe HDR plasmas, computational physicists in ICF and astrophysics use atomic-scale microphysical models implemented in various simulation codes. Experimental validation of the models used to describe HDR plasmas are difficult to perform. Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) of the many-body interactions of plasmas is a promising approach to model validation but, previous work either relies on the collisionless approximation or ignores radiation. We present a new numerical simulation technique to address a currently unsolved problem: the extension of molecular dynamics to collisional plasmas including emission and absorption of radiation. The new technique passes a key test: it relaxes to a blackbody spectrum for a plasma in local thermodynamic equilibrium. This new tool also provides a method for assessing the accuracy of energy and momentum exchange models in hot dense plasmas. As an example, we simulate the evolution of non-equilibrium electron, ion, and radiation temperatures for a hydrogen plasma using the new molecular dynamics simulation capability.

Glosli, J; Graziani, F; More, R; Murillo, M; Streitz, F; Surh, M

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

476

Dynamics of magnetic nanoparticle suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the dynamics of a suspension of magnetic nanoparticles. Their relaxation times are strongly size-dependent. The dominant mode of relaxation is also governed by the size of the particles. As a result the dynamics is greatly altered due to polydispersity in the sample. We study the effect of polydispersity on the response functions. These exhibit significant changes as the parameters characterizing polydispersity are varied. We also provide a procedure to extract the particle size distribution in a polydisperse sample using Cole-Cole plots. Further the presence of attractive interactions causes aggregation of particles leading to the formation of clusters. Repulsive interactions along with thermal disorder not only hinder aggregation, but also introduce the possibility of removal of particles or "fragmentation" from clusters. The competing mechanisms of aggregation and fragmentation yield a distribution of cluster sizes in the steady-state. We attempt to understand the formation of clusters and their distributions using a model incorporating the phenomena of aggregation and fragmentation. Scaling forms for quantities of interest have been obtained. Finally we compare our numerical results with experimental data. These comparisons are satisfactory.

Vanchna Singh; Varsha Banerjee; Manish Sharma

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

477

Pre-equilibrium plasma dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Approaches towards understanding and describing the pre-equilibrium stage of quark-gluon plasma formation in heavy-ion collisions are reviewed. Focus is on a kinetic theory approach to non-equilibrium dynamics, its extension to include the dynamics of color degrees of freedom when applied to the quark-gluon plasma, its quantum field theoretical foundations, and its relationship to both the particle formation stage at the very beginning of the nuclear collision and the hydrodynamic stage at late collision times. The usefulness of this approach to obtain the transport coefficients in the quark-gluon plasma and to derive the collective mode spectrum and damping rates in this phase are discussed. Comments are made on the general difficulty to find appropriated initial conditions to get the kinetic theory started, and a specific model is given that demonstrates that, once given such initial conditions, the system can be followed all the way through into the hydrodynamical regime. 39 refs., 7 figs. (LEW)

Heinz, U.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Dynamic Drift Compensation for Heliostats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In central receiver solar power plants the accuracy of heliostat aiming affects directly the plant efficiency. This accuracy depends on multiple factors, some of which are alignment and operation parameters like: canting, pedestal leveling, elevation and zenith orientations, structural deformation, and clock-date timer accuracy to calculate solar position. All of those factors produce drift of the heliostat concentrated radiation spot. The error parameters differ from heliostat to heliostat in a field, and affect each one in a different manner, depending on their location in the field. Trying to compensate by software for every single error parameter, and for each heliostat is a hard, time consuming, and impractical task. Instead of that, a dynamic drift compensator may be used to fix the problem. This corrector works well for certain period of time, requiring a recalibration whenever the heliostat image shifts beyond the tolerance region. This method requires less effort, resulting in a practical solution to drift correction. This work reports on the implementation of a dynamic drift compensator based on a static third order polynomial function, at the Heliostat Test Field in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. The results are compared to theoretical predictions based on error parameters for one heliostat.

C. Iriarte-Cornejo; C.A. Arancibia-Bulnes; J. Waissman; R.E. Cabanillas; C.A. Estrada

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Dynamically installed anchors for floating offshore structures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The gradual depletion of shallow water hydrocarbon deposits has forced the offshore oil and gas industry to develop reserves in deeper waters. Dynamically installed anchors… (more)

Richardson, Mark Damian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Sandia National Laboratories: Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Canal, Yakima Washington Sandia Publishes Five Reports on the Environmental Effects of Wave-Energy Converters Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations Provide Insight for Rotor...

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481

Dynamics in Polymer | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron scattering characterizes dynamics in polymer family Agatha Bardoel - December 01, 2012 Interior of BASIS. Research Contact: Christine Gerstl Understanding the interplay...

482

Controlling Complex Systems and Developing Dynamic Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the power output of steam engines to feed the factories ofas a whole, the governed steam engine becomes a less dynamic

Avizienis, Audrius Victor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS OF NANOPARTICLE INTERACTIONS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Molecular dynamics simulations using the Embedded Atom Method were performed to describe the interparticle behavior of two single crystal spherical nickel nanoparticles during compaction based… (more)

Stone, Tonya Williams

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

On the Dynamic Stability of Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

issues affecting market stability. In particular, we establish a control-theoretical frame- work that uses concepts arising in electricity markets, dynamic games, and

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

485

Dynamic Simulators | netl.doe.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Develop Dynamic Simulators for Supercritical Pulverized Coal and Natural Gas Combined Cycle Power Plants A screen shot of the new generic supercritical once-through...

486

Accelerated Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Thermal Desorption.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Desorption is a process ubiquitous in phenomena involving surfaces. However, it has rarely been simulated on the molecular level. Molecular dynamics simulation can provide the… (more)

Becker, Kelly

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Molecular dynamics simulation studies of electrolytes andelectrolyte...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. es40smith.pdf More Documents & Publications Molecular Dynamics Simulation Studies of...

488

Optimization Online - Dynamic Generation of Scenario Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 3, 2014 ... Abstract: We present new algorithms for the dynamic generation of scenario trees for multistage stochastic optimization. The different methods ...

G. Ch. Pflug

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

489

Investigation of a Novel NDE Method for Monitoring Thermomechanical Damage and Microstructure Evolution in Ferritic-Martensitic Steels for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

The main goal of the proposed project is the development of validated nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques for in situ monitoring of ferritic-martensitic steels like Grade 91 9Cr-1Mo, which are candidate materials for Generation IV nuclear energy structural components operating at temperatures up to ~650{degree}C and for steam-generator tubing for sodium-cooled fast reactors. Full assessment of thermomechanical damage requires a clear separation between thermally activated microstructural evolution and creep damage caused by simultaneous mechanical stress. Creep damage can be classified as "negligible" creep without significant plastic strain and "ordinary" creep of the primary, secondary, and tertiary kind that is accompanied by significant plastic deformation and/or cavity nucleation and growth. Under negligible creep conditions of interest in this project, minimal or no plastic strain occurs, and the accumulation of creep damage does not significantly reduce the fatigue life of a structural component so that low-temperature design rules, such as the ASME Section III, Subsection NB, can be applied with confidence. The proposed research project will utilize a multifaceted approach in which the feasibility of electrical conductivity and thermo-electric monitoring methods is researched and coupled with detailed post-thermal/creep exposure characterization of microstructural changes and damage processes using state-of-the-art electron microscopy techniques, with the aim of establishing the most effective nondestructive materials evaluation technique for particular degradation modes in high-temperature alloys that are candidates for use in the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) as well as providing the necessary mechanism-based underpinnings for relating the two. Only techniques suitable for practical application in situ will be considered. As the project evolves and results accumulate, we will also study the use of this technique for monitoring other GEN IV materials. Through the results obtained from this integrated materials behavior and NDE study, new insight will be gained into the best nondestructive creep and microstructure monitoring methods for the particular mechanisms identified in these materials. The proposed project includes collaboration with a national laboratory partner and the results will also serve as a foundation to guide the efforts of scientists in the DOE laboratory, university, and industrial communities concerned with the technological challenges of monitoring creep and microstructural evolution in materials planned to be used in Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems.

Nagy, Peter

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

490

Dynamic Positioning System as Dynamic Energy Storage on Diesel-Electric Ships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Dynamic Positioning System as Dynamic Energy Storage on Diesel-Electric Ships Tor A. Johansen in order to implement energy storage in the kinetic and potential energy of the ship motion using the DP in order to relate the dynamic energy storage capacity to the maximum allowed ship position deviation

Johansen, Tor Arne

491

Modeling Dynamics and Exploring Control of a Single-Wheeled Dynamically Stable Mobile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Dynamics and Exploring Control of a Single-Wheeled Dynamically Stable Mobile Robot. It actively balances and moves on a single wheel using closed loop feedback, making it dynamically stable it a good candidate for operating in human environments. Balancing on a ball allows Ballbot to be omni

492

Bifurcation theory, adaptive dynamics and dynamic energy budget-structured populations of iteroparous species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...42, 2nd edn. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag...M. 2000 Dynamic energy and mass budgets...112, 3rd edn. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag...Mathematics, vol. 2. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag...dynamics and dynamic energy budget-structured...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Economic, energy and GHG emissions performance evaluation of a WhisperGen Mk IV Stirling engine ?-CHP unit in a domestic dwelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents an assessment of the energy, economic and greenhouse gas emissions performances of a WhisperGen Mk IV Stirling engine ?-CHP unit for use in a conventional house in the Republic of Ireland. The energy performance data used in this study was obtained from a field trial carried out in Belfast, Northern Ireland during the period June 2004–July 2005 by Northern Ireland Electricity and Phoenix Gas working in collaboration with Whispertech UK. A comparative performance analysis between the ?-CHP unit and a condensing gas boiler revealed that the ?-CHP unit resulted in an annual cost saving of €180 with an incremental simple payback period of 13.8 years when compared to a condensing gas boiler. Electricity imported from the grid decreased by 20.8% while CO2 emissions decreased by 16.1%. The ?-CHP unit used 2889 kW h of gas more than the condensing gas boiler.

G. Conroy; A. Duffy; L.M. Ayompe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Performance of honeywell RICMOS-IV SOI transistors after irradiation to 27 Mrad(si) by 63.3 MeV protons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present results of an exposure of Honeywell RICMOS-IV SOI transistors produced in a developmental run to 2 × 1014 63.3 MeV protons at the UCD cyclotron radiation test beam (27 Mrad (Si)). In terms of surface damage, this corresponds to almost twice the dose expected for the CMS pixel detector during its useful life at the LHC collider. The irradiated transistors include n-channel \\{MOSFETs\\} similar to the front-end transistors of a pixel readout suitable for use at hadron colliders. Data are presented for \\{MOSFETs\\} on radiation-induced changes in thresholds, transconductance, maximum voltage gain and noise. Circuit simulations using the measured noise data indicate that the pixel readout would continue to function satisfactorily in the CMS radiation environment.

D.E. Pellett; S.T. Liu

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve site brine-disposal monitoring, Year I report. Volume IV. Bibliography and supporting data for physical oceanography. Final report. [421 references  

SciTech Connect

This project centers around the Strategic Petroleum Site (SPR) known as the West Hackberry salt dome which is located in southwestern Louisiana and which is designed to store 241 million barrels of crude oil. Oil storage caverns are formed by injecting water into salt deposits, and pumping out the resulting brine. Studies described in this report were designed as follow-on studies to three months of pre-discharge characterization work, and include data collected during the first year of brine leaching operations. The objectives were to: (1) characterize the environment in terms of physical, chemical and biological attributes; (2) determine if significant adverse changes in ecosystem productivity and stability of the biological community are occurring as a result of brine discharge; and (3) determine the magnitude of any change observed. Volume IV contains the following: bibliography; appendices for supporting data for physical oceanography, and summary of the physical oceanography along the western Louisiana coast.

DeRouen, L.R.; Hann, R.W.; Casserly, D.M.; Giammona, C.; Lascara, V.J. (eds.) [eds.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Effect of fluoride, chloride, bromide, and thiocynate on potentiometric titrations of iron(II)-tin(II) mixtures with cerium(IV)  

SciTech Connect

A two-step curve is expected in the potentiometric titration of Fe(II)-Sn(II) mixtures with Ce(IV) in H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/. Each end point should indicate the respective oxidation of Sn(II) and Fe(II). However, experimentally only one end point was found; it corresponded to the total oxidation of Sn(II) and Fe(II). When this oxidation-reduction reaction was carried out in the presence of Cl/sup -/, the theoretical behavior was observed. The present study was done to ascertain if monovalent anions other than Cl/sup -/ have a similar effect on this oxidation-reduction system. The monovalent species F/sup -/, Br/sup -/, and SCN/sup -/ were selected for this study, and the results indicate that each affects the rate of reaction relative to the ease of oxidation of the individual ions.

Kwok, Y.M.

1980-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

ORNL DAAC for Biogeochemical Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home Welcome about us image About Us Provides detailed information about the ORNL DAAC. projects image About Data Lists the data products available from the ORNL DAAC. access image Get Data Guides you through the steps needed to acquire the data. tools image Data Tools Some tools to help you work with the data. uso image Help Need assistance? Our staff is happy to help. ORNL DAAC The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center (ORNL DAAC) for biogeochemical dynamics is one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) data centers managed by the Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS) Project. The ORNL DAAC archives data produced by NASA's Terrestrial Ecology Program. The DAAC provides data and information

498

Dynamics of assembly production flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite recent developments in management theory, maintaining a manufacturing schedule remains difficult because of production delays and fluctuations in demand and supply of materials. The response of manufacturing systems to such disruptions to dynamic behavior has been rarely studied. To capture these responses, we investigate a process that models the assembly of parts into end products. The complete assembly process is represented by a directed tree, where the smallest parts are injected at leaves and the end products are removed at the root. A discrete assembly process, represented by a node on the network, integrates parts, which are then sent to the next downstream node as a single part. The model exhibits some intriguing phenomena, including overstock cascade, phase transition in terms of demand and supply fluctuations, nonmonotonic distribution of stockout in the network, and the formation of a stockout path and stockout chains. Surprisingly, these rich phenomena result from only the nature of distr...

Ezaki, Takahiro; Nishinari, Katsuhiro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Rubber friction and tire dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a simple rubber friction law, which can be used, e.g., in models of tire (and vehicle) dynamics. The friction law is tested by comparing numerical results to the full rubber friction theory (B.N.J. Persson, J. Phys.: Condensed Matter 18, 7789 (2006)). Good agreement is found between the two theories. We describe a two-dimensional (2D) tire model which combines the rubber friction model with a simple mass-spring description of the tire body. The tire model is very flexible and can be used to calculate accurate mu-slip (and the self-aligning torque) curves for braking and cornering or combined motion (e.g., braking during cornering). We present numerical results which illustrate the theory. Simulations of Anti-Blocking System (ABS) braking are performed using two simple control algorithms.

B. N. J. Persson

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

500

Dynamics of strings between walls  

SciTech Connect

Configurations of vortex-strings stretched between or ending on domain walls were previously found to be 1/4 BPS states. Among zero modes of string positions, the center of mass of strings in each region between two adjacent domain walls is shown to be non-normalizable whereas the rests are normalizable. We study dynamics of vortex-strings stretched between separated domain walls by using two methods, the moduli space (geodesic) approximation of full 1/4 BPS states and the charged particle approximation for string endpoints in the wall effective action. In the first method we obtain the effective Lagrangian explicitly and find the 90 degree scattering for head-on collision. In the second method the domain wall effective action is assumed to be U(1){sup N} gauge theory, and we find a good agreement between two methods for well separated strings. This talk is based on the work [1].

Eto, Minoru [INFN, Sezione di Pisa, Largo Pontecorvo, 3, Ed. C, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Fujimori, Toshiaki; Nagashima, Takayuki [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Nitta, Muneto [Department of Physics, Keio University, Hiyoshi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8521 (Japan); Ohashi, Keisuke [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Sakai, Norisuke [Department of Mathematics, Tokyo Woman's Christian University, Tokyo 167-8585 (Japan)

2008-11-23T23:59:59.000Z