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1

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National...

2

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopes DTEM reveal unprecedented details of the mechanisms underlying a host of nanoscale systems that are at the core of our current and future energy economy. A vast and growing number of materials utilized in the energy sector rely on nanostructured materials and their unique dynamic behaviors. DTEM offers researchers the ability to directly interrogate these materials at time and length scales that to-date have either been impossible to access or required the use of multi-billion dollar synchrotrons. DTEM will fundamentally change the approach to basic and applied research in the

3

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopes DTEM reveal unprecedented details of the mechanisms underlying a host of nanoscale systems that are at the core of our current and future energy economy. A vast and growing number of materials utilized in the energy sector rely on nanostructured materials and their unique dynamic behaviors. DTEM offers researchers the ability to directly interrogate these materials at time and length scales that to-date have either been impossible to access or required the use of multi-billion dollar synchrotrons. DTEM will fundamentally change the approach to basic and applied research in the

4

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopes DTEM reveal unprecedented details of the mechanisms underlying a host of nanoscale systems that are at the core of our current and future energy economy. A vast and growing number of materials utilized in the energy sector rely on nanostructured materials and their unique dynamic behaviors. DTEM offers researchers the ability to directly interrogate these materials at time and length scales that to-date have either been impossible to access or required the use of multi-billion dollar synchrotrons. DTEM will fundamentally change the approach to basic and applied research in the

5

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TrakLok Corporation TrakLok Corporation Oak Ridge National Laboratory 463 likes TrakLok, Inc., based in Knoxville, Tenn., intends to use an Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)-developed, technology for tagging, tracking, locating and communicating with cargo containers and trailers in transit. The ORNL technology provides an avenue to meet increasing requirements for shipping containers to be "smart boxes" that can be tracked electronically. TrakLok uses GPS technology and satellite communications as part of its tracking and warning capability and international container locking technology to protect against container tampering, theft, vandalism and smuggling. Shipments can be tracked through a web-accessible, information technology-based global tracking system to provide real time visibility of

6

Evaluation of Cooling Solutions for Outdoor Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermal management of an outdoor electronic enclosure can be quite challenging due to the additional thermal load from the sun and the requirement of having an air-sealed enclosure. It is essential to consider the effect of solar heating loads in the design process; otherwise, it can shorten the life expectancy of the electronic product or lead to catastrophic failure. In this paper we analyze and compare the effectiveness of different cooling techniques used for outdoor electronics. Various cooling techniques were compared like special coatings and paints on the outer surface, radiation shields, double-walled vented enclosures, fans for internal air circulation and air-to-air heat exchangers. A highly simplified, typical outdoor system was selected for this study measuring approximately 300x300x400 mm (WxLxH). Solar radiation was incident on 3 sides of the enclosure. There were 8 equally spaced PCBs inside the enclosure dissipating 12.5W each uniformly (100 watts total). A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of the system was built and analyzed. This was followed by building a mock-up of the system and conducting experiments to validate the CFD model. It was found that some of the simplest cooling techniques like white oil paint on the outer surface can significantly reduce the impact of solar loads. Adding internal circulation fans can also be very effective. Using air-to-air heat exchangers was found to be the most effective solution although it is more complex and costly.

Mahendra Wankhede; V. Khaire; A. Goswami; S. D. Mahajan

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

7

Evaluation of Cooling Solutions for Outdoor Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermal management of an outdoor electronic enclosure can be quite challenging due to the additional thermal load from the sun and the requirement of having an air-sealed enclosure. It is essential to consider the effect of solar heating loads in the design process; otherwise, it can shorten the life expectancy of the electronic product or lead to catastrophic failure. In this paper we analyze and compare the effectiveness of different cooling techniques used for outdoor electronics. Various cooling techniques were compared like special coatings and paints on the outer surface, radiation shields, double-walled vented enclosures, fans for internal air circulation and air-to-air heat exchangers. A highly simplified, typical outdoor system was selected for this study measuring approximately 300x300x400 mm (WxLxH). Solar radiation was incident on 3 sides of the enclosure. There were 8 equally spaced PCBs inside the enclosure dissipating 12.5W each uniformly (100 watts total). A computational fluid dynamics (C...

Wankhede, Mahendra; Goswami, A; Mahajan, S D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Cyclotron Resonances in Electron Cloud Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new set of resonances for electron cloud dynamics in the presence of a magnetic field has been found. For short beam bunch lengths and low magnetic fields where lbstripes" found for non-resonant cases. Simulations with the 2D computer code POSINST, as well as a single-particle tracking code, were used to elucidate the physics of the dynamics. The existence of the resonances has been confirmed in experiments at PEP-II. The resonances are expected to affect the electron cloud dynamics in the fringe fields of conventional lattice magnets and in wigglers, where the magnetic fields are low. Results of the simulations and experimental observations, the reason for the bunch-length dependence, and details of the dynamics are discussed here.

Celata, C. M.; Furman, Miguel A.; Vay, J.-L.; Ng, J. S.T.; Grote, D. P.; Pivi, M. T. F.; Wang, L. F.

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

9

Cyclotron Resonances in Electron Cloud Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new set of resonances for electron cloud dynamics in the presence of a magnetic field has been found. For short beam bunch lengths and low magnetic fields where l{sub b} stripes' of multipactoring found for non-resonant cases. Simulations with the 2D computer code POSINST, as well as a single-particle tracking code, were used to elucidate the physics of the dynamics. The resonances are expected to affect the electron cloud dynamics in the fringe fields of conventional lattice magnets and in wigglers, where the magnetic fields are low. Results of the simulations, the reason for the bunch-length dependence, and details of the dynamics will be discussed.

Celata, C M; Furman, M A; Vay, J L; Grote, D P; Ng, J T; Pivi, M F; Wang, L F

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

10

Hot electron dynamics in graphene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene, a two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb structure allotrope of carbon atoms, has a long history since the invention of the pencil [Petroski (1989)] and the linear dispersion band structure proposed by Wallace [Wal]; however, only after Novoselov et al. successively isolated graphene from graphite [Novoselov et al. (2004)], it has been studied intensively during the recent years. It draws so much attentions not only because of its potential application in future electronic devices but also because of its fundamental properties: its quasiparticles are governed by the two-dimensional Dirac equation, and exhibit a variety of phenomena such as the anomalous integer quantum Hall effect (IQHE) [Novoselov et al. (2005)] measured experimentally, a minimal conductivity at vanishing carrier concentration [Neto et al. (2009)], Kondo effect with magnetic element doping [Hentschel and Guinea (2007)], Klein tunneling in p-n junctions [Cheianov and Fal’ko (2006), Beenakker (2008)], Zitterbewegung [Katsnelson (2006)], and Schwinger pair production [Schwinger (1951); Dora and Moessner (2010)]. Although both electron-phonon coupling and photoconductivity in graphene also draws great attention [Yan et al. (2007); Satou et al. (2008); Hwang and Sarma (2008); Vasko and Ryzhii (2008); Mishchenko (2009)], the nonequilibrium behavior based on the combination of electronphonon coupling and Schwinger pair production is an intrinsic graphene property that has not been investigated. Our motivation for studying clean graphene at low temperature is based on the following effect: for a fixed electric field, below a sufficiently low temperature linear eletric transport breaks down and nonlinear transport dominates. The criteria of the strength of this field [Fritz et al. (2008)] is eE = T2/~vF (1.1) For T >?eE~vF the system is in linear transport regime while for T electron distribution function can be associated with an effective temperature T? which exhibits a dependence on electric field E and electron-phonon coupling g: T? ? E1/4g(1.2) The anamolous exponent 1/4 may obtained from scaling. Meanwhile, yet we cannot obtain the distribution function, however, argument based on scaling gives us the current dependence on electric field: J ??Eg2 (1.3) which is a very different result compared with the results in which electrons do not experience scattering. This result provides us with important insighht into the correct nonequilibrium distribution function because now we know what the electric field dependence of current must be. Due to the applied field, the electronic system produces heat which prevents us from reaching a steady state. In order to remove Joule heat, we imagine that we have a graphene flake attached to a semiconductor substrate. Joule heat either transport to its environment or to the substrate as shown in 1.1. The red lines represent heat current flowing from high temperature sample to the low temperature reservoir. However, for a very large system, the temperature gradient is 0 in the plane so heat cannot be conducted outside in the horizontal direction, while the energy gap in semiconductor also forbids electron current from flowing into the substrate. But for phonon thermal current, the temperature gradient is large in the vertical direction, so heat can be transported into the substrate via phonons. There are two possible channels of phonon degrees of freedom, acoustic phonon and optical phonon. As we can see from Fig. 1.2 [Kusminskiy et al. (2009)], since the optical phonon excitation energy is too large for a low temperature system, it is note likely to be excited by the nonlinear electric field, so the possible way left is by electron-acoustic phonon scattering. Here acoustic phonon acts as a heat bath to absorb the Joule heat created by pair production process. Hence the scattering pro

Ling, Meng-Cheieh

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

11

Cyclotron Resonances in Electron Cloud Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

A new set of resonances for electron cloud dynamics in the presence of a magnetic field has been found. For short beam bunch lengths and low magnetic fields where lb<< 2pi c/omega c (with lb = bunch length, omega c = non-relativistic cyclotron frequency) resonances between the bunch frequency and harmonics of the electron cyclotron frequency cause an increase in the electron cloud density in narrow ranges of magnetic field near the resonances. For ILC parameters the increase in the density is up to a factor ~;;3, and the spatial distribution of the electrons is broader near resonances, lacking the well-defined vertical density"stripes" found for non-resonant cases. Simulations with the 2D computer code POSINST, as well as a single-particle tracking code, were used to elucidate the physics of the dynamics. The existence of the resonances has been confirmed in experiments at PEP-II. The resonances are expected to affect the electron cloud dynamics in the fringe fields of conventional lattice magnets and in wigglers, where the magnetic fields are low. Results of the simulations and experimental observations, the reason for the bunch-length dependence, and details of the dynamics are discussed here.

Celata, C. M.; Furman, Miguel A.; Vay, J.-L.; Ng, J. S.T.; Grote, D. P.; Pivi, M. T. F.; Wang, L. F.

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

12

Cyclotron Resonances in Electron Cloud Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

A new set of resonances for electron cloud dynamics in the presence of a magnetic field has been found. For short beam bunch lengths and low magnetic fields where l{sub b} << 2{pi}{omega}{sub c}, (l{sub b} = bunch duration, {omega}{sub c} = non-relativistic cyclotron frequency) resonances between the bunch frequency and harmonics of the cyclotron frequency cause an increase in the electron cloud density in narrow ranges of magnetic field near the resonances. For ILC parameters the increase in the density is up to a factor {approx} 3, and the spatial distribution of the electrons is broader near resonances, lacking the well-defined density 'stripes' of multipactoring found for non-resonant cases. Simulations with the 2D computer code POSINST, as well as a single-particle tracking code, were used to elucidate the physics of the dynamics. The resonances are expected to affect the electron cloud dynamics in the fringe fields of conventional lattice magnets and in wigglers, where the magnetic fields are low. Results of the simulations, the reason for the bunch-length dependence, and details of the dynamics will be discussed.

Celata, C M; Furman, M A; Vay, J L; Grote, D P; Ng, J T; Pivi, M F; Wang, L F

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

13

Electron as a Complex-Dynamical Interaction Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system of two initially homogeneous, physically real fields uniformly attracted to each other is considered as the simplest basis of the self-developing world structure. It is shown that the system is unstable against periodic cycles of self-amplified, essentially nonlinear squeeze of its extended part to a small volume around randomly chosen centre, followed by the reverse extension. The resulting spatially random pulsation, or "quantum beat", is observed as (massive) elementary particle such as the electron. The property of mass is then universally and consistently defined as temporal rate of such dynamically chaotic and essentially nonlinear quantum beat, without introduction of any additional entities. The obtained picture can be considered as complex-dynamical completion of the "double solution" concept of Louis de Broglie. The dynamically emerging wave-particle duality, quantum discreteness, indeterminacy, space, and time lead to the equations of special relativity and quantum mechanics, providing their causal explanation and explicit unification. The elementary particle structure, its intrinsic properties, quantum and relativistic behaviour are obtained thus all together, within the unified analysis of the unreduced interaction process leading to the universal concept of dynamic complexity. The same complex-dynamical process accounts for the universal gravitation and general relativity. The electromagnetic, weak, and strong types of interaction between particles also constitute integral, dynamically unified parts of quantum beat processes inside elementary particles. The classical, dynamically localised behaviour emerges in a closed system as a higher complexity level corresponding to formation of elementary bound systems (like atoms).

Andrei P. Kirilyuk

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

14

Dynamical Lifshitz-type solutions and aging phenomena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider time-dependent Lifshitz-type solutions in type IIB supergravity. The solutions describe a time evolution from Lifshitz spacetimes to AdS spaces. We argue the holographic relation of them to aging phenomena in condensed matter physics. The solutions have no time-translation invariance and possess the dynamical scaling symmetry with z_c=2. In addition, the time evolution corresponds to slow (nonexponential) dynamics from nonequilibrium states to the equilibrium. We also discuss a mechanism of quantum quench to generate nonequilibrium states.

Kunihito Uzawa; Kentaroh Yoshida

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

15

Low-Cost Solutions for Dynamic Window Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-cost Solutions For Dynamic Low-cost Solutions For Dynamic Window Materials André Anders Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory aanders@lbl.gov 510-486-6745 April 4, 2013 AZO: transparent and conducting 2 | Program Name or Ancillary Text eere.energy.gov BTO Program Peer Review Low-cost Solutions For Dynamic Window Materials André Anders Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory aanders@lbl.gov 510-486-6745 April 4, 2013 Task 1: Reduce cost of transparent conducting oxide (TCO) for electrochromic windows, * started in FY11 * Applicable to existing technology of electrochromic window and other applications Task 2: Produce films of oxide nanocrystals relevant to dynamic windows by terminated cluster growth, * started in FY 13

16

Low-Cost Solutions for Dynamic Window Material  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-cost Solutions For Dynamic Low-cost Solutions For Dynamic Window Materials André Anders Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory aanders@lbl.gov 510-486-6745 April 4, 2013 AZO: transparent and conducting 2 | Program Name or Ancillary Text eere.energy.gov BTO Program Peer Review Low-cost Solutions For Dynamic Window Materials André Anders Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory aanders@lbl.gov 510-486-6745 April 4, 2013 Task 1: Reduce cost of transparent conducting oxide (TCO) for electrochromic windows, * started in FY11 * Applicable to existing technology of electrochromic window and other applications Task 2: Produce films of oxide nanocrystals relevant to dynamic windows by terminated cluster growth, * started in FY 13

17

Dynamical electronic nematicity from Mott physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Very large anisotropies in transport quantities have been observed in the presence of very small in-plane structural anisotropy in many strongly correlated electron materials. By studying the two-dimensional Hubbard model with dynamical-mean-field theory for clusters, we show that such large anisotropies can be induced without static stripe order if the interaction is large enough to yield a Mott transition. Anisotropy decreases at large frequency. The maximum effect on conductivity anisotropy occurs in the underdoped regime, as observed in high temperature superconductors.

Okamoto, Satoshi [ORNL; Senechal, D. [University of Sherbrooke; Civelli, M. [Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL); Tremblay, A.-M. [University of Sherbrooke

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

ELECTRON COUD DYNAMICS IN HIGH-INTENSITY RINGS.  

SciTech Connect

Electron cloud due to beam-induced multipacting is one of the main concerns for the high intensity. Electrons generated and accumulated inside the beam pipe form an ''electron cloud'' that interacts with the circulating charged particle beam. With sizeable amount of electrons, this interaction can cause beam instability, beam loss and emittance growth. At the same time, the vacuum pressure will rise due to electron desorption. This talk intends to provide an overview of the mechanism and dynamics of the typical electron multipacting in various magnetic fields and mitigation measures with different beams.

WANG, L.; WEI, J.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

19

Dynamic Electron Control using Light and Nanostructure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The advent of nano-technology has made possible the manipulation of electron or light through nanostructures. For example, a nano-tip in near-field optical microscopy allows imaging… (more)

Huang, Cheng-Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A Comparison of Electron-Transfer Dynamics in Ionic Liquids and Neutral  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron-Transfer Dynamics in Ionic Liquids and Neutral Electron-Transfer Dynamics in Ionic Liquids and Neutral Solvents Heather Y. Lee, Joseph B. Issa, Stephan S. Isied, Edward W. Castner, Jr., Yunfeng Pan, Charles L. Hussey, Kwang Soon Lee, and James F. Wishart J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 5197-5208 (2012). [Find paper at ACS Publications] or use ACS Articles on Request. Abstract: The effect of ionic liquids on photoinduced electron-transfer reactions in a donor-bridge-acceptor system is examined for two ionic liquid solvents, 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide and tributylmethylammonium bis(trifluoromethyl¬sulfonyl)¬amide. The results are compared with those for the same system in methanol and acetonitrile solution. Electron-transfer rates were measured using time-resolved fluorescence quenching for the donor-bridge-acceptor system comprising a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Ultrafast dynamics of electrons at interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electronic states of a thin layer of material on a surface possess unique physical and chemical properties. Some of these properties arise from the reduced dimensionality of the thin layer with respect to the bulk or the properties of the electric field where two materials of differing dielectric constants meet at an interface. Other properties are related to the nature of the surface chemical bond. Here, the properties of excess electrons in thin layers of Xenon, Krypton, and alkali metals are investigated, and the bound state energies and effective masses of the excess electrons are determined using two-photon photoemission. For Xenon, the dependence of bound state energy, effective mass, and lifetime on layer thickness from one to nine layers is examined. Not all quantities were measured at each coverage. The two photon photoemission spectra of thin layers of Xenon on a Ag(111) substrate exhibit a number of sharp, well-defined peaks. The binding energy of the excess electronic states of Xenon layers exhibited a pronounced dependence on coverage. A discrete energy shift was observed for each additional atomic layer. At low coverage, a series of states resembling a Rydberg series is observed. This series is similar to the image state series observed on clean metal surfaces. Deviations from image state energies can be described in terms of the dielectric constant of the overlayer material and its effect on the image potential. For thicker layers of Xe (beyond the first few atomic layers), the coverage dependence of the features begins to resemble that of quantum well states. Quantum well states are related to bulk band states. However, the finite thickness of the layer restricts the perpendicular wavevector to a discrete set of values. Therefore, the spectrum of quantum well states contains a series of peaks which correspond to the various allowed values of the perpendicular wavevector. Analysis of the quantum well spectrum yields electronic band structure information. In this case, the quantum well states examined are derived from the Xenon conduction band. Measurements of the energies as a function of coverage yield the dispersion along the axis perpendicular to the surface while angle-resolved two-photon photoemission measurements yield information about dispersion along the surface parallel. The relative importance of the image potential and the overlayer band structure also depends on the quantum number and energy of the state. Some members of the image series may have an energy which is in an energy gap of the layer material, therefore such states may tend to remain physically outside the layer and retain much of their image character even at higher coverages. This is the case for the n = 1 image state of the Xe/Ag(111) system. The energies of image states which are excluded from the layer have a complex dependence on the thickness of the layer and its dielectric constant. The population decay kinetics of excited electronic states of the layer were also determined. Lifetimes are reported for the first three excited states for 1-6 atomic layers of Xe on Ag(111). As the image states evolve into quantum well states with increasing coverage, the lifetimes undergo an oscillation which marks a change in the spatial extent of the state. For example, the n = 2 quantum well state decreases substantially at 3-5 layers as the electron probability density in the layer increases. The lifetime data are modeled by extending the two-band nearly-free-electron approximation to account for the insulating Xe layer.

McNeill, Jason D.

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

22

Evaluation of electronic public procurement solution for the Republic of Macedonia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As EU directives require that all administration should perform their procurement processes electronically by 2010, an open-source application framework for building electronic public procurement (ePP) solutions was developed within the ELLECTRA-WeB ...

Josimovski Saso; Trenevska-Blagoeva Kalina; Mihajlov Martin

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Power electronics: A field rich in nonlinear dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This review paper starts by setting out the aims and applications of power electronics, and continues with a brief history and a list of the important power semiconductor devices. The related areas of ac machines and power systems are also briefly visited. The development of nonlinear dynamics in electronic circuits is reviewed. Then a typical power converter, a controlled buck dc-dc converter, is modelled by the conventional method of averaging and linearisation (which predicts stability), and by a nonlinear map based method, which reveals bifurcations, subharmonics and chaos. The numerical problems caused by the discontinuities in the state equations of power electronics are discussed. Finally, some possible future applications are considered. 1 Introduction to Power Electronics M ost branches of electronics are concerned with processing information or signals; in contrast, power electronics deals with the processing of electrical energy. Power converters do not have an end of

David C. Hamill

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution SRNS Electronic Document...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management System (HRMS) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing...

25

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7AC Technologies, Inc. 7AC Technologies, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 498 likes 7AC Technologies, based in Woburn, Massachusetts, is developing Liquid Desiccant HVAC systems for Commercial and Industrial buildings using technology from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. These Liquid Desiccant HVAC systems deliver a 50 to 75 percent reduction in energy usage over conventional HVAC units. The system consists of a membrane conditioner responsible for drying and cooling the air and a heat-driven regenerator. The liquid desiccant design allows for the utilization of solar or waste heat sources, paving the way for net-zero energy retrofits to existing buildings with costs comparable to conventional HVAC. Learn More Borla Performance Industries, Inc. Oak Ridge National Laboratory

26

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Element One, Inc. Element One, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 191524 likes Element One, based in Boulder, Colorado, has created the only available coatings that change color when detecting hydrogen and other hazardous gas leaks, either reversibly or non-reversibly, to provide both current and historical information about leaks. Element One's patented gas indicators and sensors use catalyzed thin films or nanoparticles of a transition metal oxide to create very low cost sensors for use in industrial and consumer environments, greatly reducing the potential for undetected leaks and their cost and safety implications. This technology is also being integrated for use in refineries, industry gas and fuel cells systems and was developed using technology from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

27

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TrakLok Corporation Oak Ridge National Laboratory 463 likes TrakLok, Inc., based in Knoxville, Tenn., intends to use an Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)-developed, technology...

28

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7AC Technologies, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 498 likes 7AC Technologies, based in Woburn, Massachusetts, is developing Liquid Desiccant HVAC systems for Commercial...

29

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Element One, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 191524 likes Element One, based in Boulder, Colorado, has created the only available coatings that change color when...

30

A correlated-polaron electronic propagator: open electronic dynamics beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we develop a theory of correlated many-electron dynamics dressed by the presence of a finite-temperature harmonic bath. The theory is based on the ab-initio Hamiltonian, and thus well-defined apart from any phenomenological choice of collective basis states or electronic coupling model. The equation-of-motion includes some bath effects non-perturbatively, and can be used to simulate line- shapes beyond the Markovian approximation and open electronic dynamics which are subjects of renewed recent interest. Energy conversion and transport depend critically on the ratio of electron-electron coupling to bath-electron coupling, which is a fitted parameter if a phenomenological basis of many-electron states is used to develop an electronic equation of motion. Since the present work doesn't appeal to any such basis, it avoids this ambiguity. The new theory produces a level of detail beyond the adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer states, but with cost scaling like the Born-Oppenheimer approach. While developing this model we have also applied the time-convolutionless perturbation theory to correlated molecular excitations for the first time. Resonant response properties are given by the formalism without phenomenological parameters. Example propagations with a developmental code are given demonstrating the treatment of electron-correlation in absorption spectra, vibronic structure, and decay in an open system.

John A. Parkhill; Thomas Markovich; David G. Tempel; Alan Aspuru-Guzik

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

31

Trajectory-Wave Approach to Electron Dynamics in Hydrogen Atom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we propose a new approach to the explanation of the nature of electron based on the corpuscular-wave monism using the further development of the optical-mechanical analogy to describe the physical reality. In this theory the motion of an electron is considered to occur along a trajectory the presence of which is a reflection of the existence of a particle, as well as it is assumed that any motion is defined by a wave V(x,t). It is assumed that there is an explicit relationship between the trajectory and wave equations of the electron, which are established on the basis of the local variational principle. In this approach, an electron wave propagating in free space takes along the electron trajectory. We used this theory to describe the electron motion in a hydrogen-like atom and found its stationary states. The energies of these states coincide with the known quantum mechanics solutions for the stationary energies of the hydrogen-like atom, however, in our approach the spatial trajectories of the electron have the form of the surfaces, which are formed in the region of nodes of the standing electron wave. These surfaces have the form of spheres for the spherical symmetrical electron states and the radii of these spheres coincide with the radii of the Bohr orbits of these states. Thus, in this approach the trajectory and wave measurements of the electron get a consistent spatial description that is inherent to the picture of the corpuscular-wave monism. We discuss the considerable correspondence of the proposed theory with the quantum mechanics results describing the stationary and non-stationary motions of the electron in the atom and their difference. We believe that measuring of the spatial configuration of the observed electron trajectory surfaces in an atom could be a deep examination of the standard quantum theory.

N. T. Valishin; F. T. Valishin; S. A. Moiseev

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

32

Photocathode Optimization for a Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (DTEM) team at Harvey Mudd College has been sponsored by LLNL to design and build a test setup for optimizing the performance of the DTEM's electron source. Unlike a traditional TEM, the DTEM achieves much faster exposure times by using photoemission from a photocathode to produce electrons for imaging. The DTEM team's work is motivated by the need to improve the coherence and current density of the electron cloud produced by the electron gun in order to increase the image resolution and contrast achievable by DTEM. The photoemission test setup is nearly complete and the team will soon complete baseline tests of electron gun performance. The photoemission laser and high voltage power supply have been repaired; the optics path for relaying the laser to the photocathode has been finalized, assembled, and aligned; the internal setup of the vacuum chamber has been finalized and mostly implemented; and system control, synchronization, and data acquisition has been implemented in LabVIEW. Immediate future work includes determining a consistent alignment procedure to place the laser waist on the photocathode, and taking baseline performance measurements of the tantalum photocathode. Future research will examine the performance of the electron gun as a function of the photoemission laser profile, the photocathode material, and the geometry and voltages of the accelerating and focusing components in the electron gun. This report presents the team's progress and outlines the work that remains.

Ellis, P; Flom, Z; Heinselman, K; Nguyen, T; Tung, S; Haskell, R; Reed, B W; LaGrange, T

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

33

A correlated-polaron electronic propagator: open electronic dynamics beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we develop a theory of correlated many-electron dynamics dressed by the presence of a finite-temperature harmonic bath. The theory is based on the ab-initio Hamiltonian, and thus well-defined apart from any phenomenological choice of collective basis states or electronic coupling model. The equation-of-motion includes some bath effects non-perturbatively, and can be used to simulate line- shapes beyond the Markovian approximation and open electronic dynamics which are subjects of renewed recent interest. Energy conversion and transport depend critically on the ratio of electron-electron coupling to bath-electron coupling, which is a fitted parameter if a phenomenological basis of many-electron states is used to develop an electronic equation of motion. Since the present work doesn't appeal to any such basis, it avoids this ambiguity. The new theory produces a level of detail beyond the adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer states, but with cost scaling like the Born-Oppenheimer approach. While developing th...

Parkhill, John A; Tempel, David G; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Isolated sub-100-attosecond pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method to coherently control the electron dynamics is proposed using a few-cycle laser pulse in combination with a controlling field. It is shown that this method not only broadens the attosecond pulse bandwidth, but also reduces the chirp, then an isolated 80-as pulse is straightforwardly obtained and even shorter pulse is achievable by increasing the intensity of the controlling field. Such ultrashort pulses allow one to investigate ultrafast electronic processes which have never be achieved before. In addition, the few-cycle synthesized pulse is expected to manipulate a wide range of laser-atom interactions.

Lan, Pengfei; Cao, Wei; Li, Yuhua; Wang, Xinlin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Quantum Chemical Analysis of the Excited State Dynamics of Hydrated Electrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum calculations are performed for an anion water cluster representing the first hydration shell of the solvated electron in solution. The absorption spectra from the ground state, the instant excited states and the relaxed excited states are calculated including CI-SD interactions. Analytic expressions for the nonadiabatic relaxation are presented. It is shown that the 50fs dynamics recently observed after s->p excitation is best accounted for if it is identified with the internal conversion, preceded by an adiabatic relaxation within the excited p state. In addition, transient absorptions found in the infrared are qualitatively reproduced by these calculations .

P. O. J. Scherer; Sighart F. Fischer

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Dynamics of an electron in an rf gap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this calculation is to understand the limitation on the energy transfer efficiency of an electron beam to the rf output cavity of a klystron or a lasertron. An output cavity with drift tubes is modeled in this calculation by a region of constant amplitude rf field with exponentially decreasing entrance and exit fringing fields. The exit velocity of an electron traversing such a gap is examined as a function of entrance phase for various values of the ratio of the peak rf cavity voltage to electron entrance voltage. Depending on this ratio, the dynamics of the electron motion can become quite complex. For a gap with fringe fields it is found that, even if the gap voltage and phase are optimized, the maximum energy that can be extracted from a short bunch is always significantly less than 100%. The case in which the electron is created with zero velocity in the gap, and subsequently leaves the gap having extracted energy from the rf field, is also treated. 4 refs., 10 figs.

Farkas, Z.D.; Wilson, P.B.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Pulsed Power for a Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has converted a commercial 200kV transmission electron microscope (TEM) into an ultrafast, nanoscale diagnostic tool for material science studies. The resulting Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (DTEM) has provided a unique tool for the study of material phase transitions, reaction front analyses, and other studies in the fields of chemistry, materials science, and biology. The TEM's thermionic electron emission source was replaced with a fast photocathode and a laser beam path was provided for ultraviolet surface illumination. The resulting photoelectron beam gives downstream images of 2 and 20 ns exposure times at 100 and 10 nm spatial resolution. A separate laser, used as a pump pulse, is used to heat, ignite, or shock samples while the photocathode electron pulses, carefully time-synchronized with the pump, function as probe in fast transient studies. The device functions in both imaging and diffraction modes. A laser upgrade is underway to make arbitrary cathode pulse trains of variable pulse width of 10-1000 ns. Along with a fast e-beam deflection scheme, a 'movie mode' capability will be added to this unique diagnostic tool. This talk will review conventional electron microscopy and its limitations, discuss the development and capabilities of DTEM, in particularly addressing the prime and pulsed power considerations in the design and fabrication of the DTEM, and conclude with the presentation of a deflector and solid-state pulser design for Movie-Mode DTEM.

dehope, w j; browning, n; campbell, g; cook, e; king, w; lagrange, t; reed, b; stuart, b; Shuttlesworth, R; Pyke, B

2009-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

38

Analysis of electron dynamics in non-ideal Penning traps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Penning traps that are used for particular applications, such as in ion pump technology, Larmor, bouncing, and diocotron frequencies, can be of the same order of magnitude. The paper deals with the dynamics of electrons confined in such devices starting from the study of the properties of the trajectories. In cases of interest, in which electron-neutral collision frequency is much smaller with respect to the characteristic frequencies of the motion, suitable time averages of the trajectories are introduced in order to simplify the analysis of the problem. In the work, time averages have been calculated in a simple way by using an approximate r-z decoupling of the effective potential. Results obtained with the method are presented and discussed in both linear and nonlinear regimes.

Coppa, G.; Mulas, R. [Dipartimento Energia, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino (Italy); D'Angola, A. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria e Fisica dell'Ambiente, Universita della Basilicata, 85100 Potenza (Italy)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Combining Local Search and Constraint Propagation to find a minimal change solution for a Dynamic CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSP Nico Roos, Yongping Ran, and Jaap van den Herik Universiteit Maastricht , Institute for Knowledge may change over time. Each separate change may invoke a new CSP formulation. The resulting sequence of CSPs is denoted as a Dynamic CSP. A valid solution of one CSP in the sequence need not be a solution

Roos, Nico

40

Solution of dynamic contact problems by implicit/explicit methods. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solution of dynamic contact problems within an explicit finite element program such as the LLNL DYNA programs is addressed in the report. The approach is to represent the solution for the deformation of bodies using the explicit algorithm but to solve the contact part of the problem using an implicit approach. Thus, the contact conditions at the next solution state are considered when computing the acceleration state for each explicit time step.

Salveson, M.W.; Taylor, R.L. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

1996-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Approximate Dynamic Programming Solutions for Lean Burn Engine Aftertreatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The competition to deliver fuel e#cient and environmentally friendly vehicles is driving the automotive industry to consider ever more complex powertrain systems. Adequate performance of these new highly interactive systems can no longer be obtained through traditional approaches, which are intensive in hardware use and #nal control software calibration. This paper explores the use of dynamic programming to make model-based design decisions for a lean burn, direct injection spark ignition engine, in combination with a three way catalyst and lean NOx trap aftertreatment system. The primary contribution is the development ofavery rapid method to evaluate the tradeo#s in fuel economy and emissions for this novel powertrain system, as a function of design parameters and controller structure, over a standard emission test cycle. 1 Introduction Designing a powertrain system to meet drivability, fuel economy and emissions performance requirements is a complicated task. There are many tradeo...

Jun-Mo Kang; Ilya Kolmanovsky; J.W. Grizzle

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Interesting Electronic and Dynamic Properties of Quantum Dot Quantum Wells and other Semiconductor Nanocrystal Heterostructures .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Some interesting electronic and dynamic properties of semiconductor nanocrystal heterostructures have been investigated using various spectroscopic methods. Semiconductor nanocrystal heterostructures were prepared using colloidal synthesis… (more)

Schill, Alexander Wilhem

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Effects of asymmetry on electron spin dynamics in gallium arsenide quantum wells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work presents optical studies of electron spin dynamics in gallium arsenide (GaAs) quantum wells, focusing on the effect of inversion asymmetric confinement potentials on… (more)

Eldridge, Peter Stephen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Method and means for dynamic measurement of rates of adsorption from solutions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are described for the dynamic measurement of rates of absorption from solutions. The method has the advantage of avoiding the use of solvent normally used to establish a baseline. The method involves pre-evacuating the adsorbent contained in an adsorbent cell and thereafter rapidly contacting the adsorbent with analytical solution, all without prior exposure of adsorbent to pure solvent. The result is a sharp characteristic adsorption line. 5 figs.

Slomka, B.J.; Buttermore, W.H.

1992-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

45

Method and means for dynamic measurement of rates of adsorption from solutions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for dynamic measurement of rates of absorption from solutions. The method has the advantage of avoiding the use of solvent normally used to establish a baseline. The method involves pre-evacuating the adsorbent contained in an adsorbent cell and thereafter rapidly contacting the adsorbent with analytical solution, all without prior exposure of adsorbent to pure solvent. The result is a sharp characteristic adsorption line.

Slomka, Bogdan J. (Ames, IA); Buttermore, William H. (Ames, IA)

1992-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

46

Ion Association in AlCl3 Aqueous Solutions from Constrained First-Principles Molecular Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Ab initio molecular dynamics was used to investigate the ion pairing behavior between Cl- and the Al3+ ion in an aqueous AlCl3 solution containing 63 water molecules. A series of constrained simulations was carried out at 300 K for up to 16 ps each, by fixing the inter-nuclear separation (rAl-Cl) between the Al3+ ion and one of the Cl- ions. The calculated potential of mean force of the Al3+-Cl- ion pair shows a pronounced minimum at rAl-Cl = 2.3 Å corresponding to a contact ion pair (CIP). Two local minima assigned to solvent separated ion pairs (SSIP) are identified at rAl-Cl= 4.4 and 6.0 Å. The positions of the free energy minima coincide with the hydration shell intervals of the Al3+ cation suggesting that the Cl- ion is inclined to reside in regions of low concentration of waters, i.e. between the 1st and 2nd shells of Al3+ and between the 2nd shell and bulk. A detailed analysis of solvent structure around the Al3+ and Cl- ions as a function of rAl-Cl is presented. The results are compared to structure data from X-ray measurements and unconstrained AIMD simulations of single ions Al3+ and Cl- and AlCl3 solutions. The dipole moment of the water molecules inside the 1st and 2nd hydration shells of Al3+ and in the bulk region and those of the Clion were calculated as a function of rAl-Cl. Major changes in the electronic structure of the system result from the removal of Cl- from the 1st hydration shell of the Al3+ cation. Finally, two unconstrained AIMD simulations of aqueous AlCl3 solutions corresponding to CIP and SSIP configurations were performed (17 ps, 300 K). Only minor structural changes are observed in these systems, confirming their stability.

Cauet, Emilie L.; Bogatko, Stuart A.; Bylaska, Eric J.; Weare, John H.

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Electron, Photon, and Positron Scattering Dynamics of Complex Molecular Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electron scattering cross sections have been computed for pyridine and pyrimidine using the static-exchange approximation with model potential to account for dynamic electron correlation. To obtain well-converged orbitals, we have expanded all partial waves to a maximum angular momentum of l = 60 for both targets. We have obtained total cross sections for electron scattering energies to 20 eV. Both targets display similar features, namely a dipole-induced increase in the integrated cross section at scattering energies below 5 eV, and peaks corresponding to resonances in b1, a2, and b1 symmetries. These resonances were investigated through a Siegert eigenstate analysis and Breit-Wigner fit of the SECP eigenphase sums. They were also compared to the virtual orbitals obtained from a minimum basis set Hartree-Fock calculation on both targets. We consider electron scattering resonances from cis-diamminedichloroplatinum, [Pt(NH3)2Cl2], the ligand molecular species Cl2 (1Sigma+g ), and the isolated transition metal center Pt in a nondegenerate atomic state (1S) at the SECP level of theory. As a rigorous comparison to the single-state, single-configuration SECP level results of these smaller, yet electron dense targets, we have also considered scattering from ground state Cl2 and Pt in the 1S and 3D states in the multichannel configuration-interaction (MCCI) approximation originally developed for photoionization for scattering up to 10 eV. Photoionization cross sections and angular distributions in the recoil frame (RFPAD) and molecular frame (MFPAD) have been computed for inner-shell C 1s and Cl 2p ionization from the chloroalkanes chloromethane and chloroethane, with ionization leading to a variety of ionic fragment states. We have also computed valence level ionization from the nitro molecule nitromethane CH3NO2 leading to the dissociation of the CN bond. All of these calculations were performed in the frozen-core Hartree-Fock approximation. Even at this level of theory, we obtain computed results that compare well to the photoelectronphotoion coincidence measurements. The fullerene C20 is the smallest fullerene predicted to exist, with most relevant structural calculations suggesting the reduction of the icosahedral symmetry into one in which the target species possesses at maximum only a dihedral axis. We have computed positron scattering cross sections for the molecule in two low-symmetry structural isomers Ci and C2, within the HF approximation. Density functional expressions were used to incorporate important positron-electron interactions within the calculation. We have found similar cross sections and resonance features for both isomers, including a positron scattering resonance whose density is found within the framework of the fullerene cluster.

Carey, Ralph

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Molecular dynamics simulations of the interaction of glucose with imidazole in aqueous solution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular dynamics simulations of the interaction of glucose with imidazole in Molecular dynamics simulations of the interaction of glucose with imidazole in aqueous solution Mo Chen, Yannick J. Bomble, Michael E. Himmel, John W. Brady PII: S0008-6215(11)00592-1 DOI: 10.1016/j.carres.2011.12.008 Reference: CAR 6026 To appear in: Carbohydrate Research Received Date: 15 June 2011 Revised Date: 22 November 2011 Accepted Date: 8 December 2011 Please cite this article as: Chen, M., Bomble, Y.J., Himmel, M.E., Brady, J.W., Molecular dynamics simulations of the interaction of glucose with imidazole in aqueous solution, Carbohydrate Research (2011), doi: 10.1016/j.carres. 2011.12.008 This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and

49

Electron beam dynamics for the ISIS bremsstrahlung beam generation system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An electron beam transport system was designed for use in the Bremsstrahlung Beam Generation System of the Integrated Stand-off Inspection System (ISIS). The purpose of this electron transport system was to provide for ...

Block, Robert E. (Robert Edward)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Electronic Structure and Excited-State Dynamics at Donor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... greatly reduced manufacturing cost compared to ... electronic structure and energy level alignment ... heterojunctions by employing time-resolved pump ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

51

Electron-nuclear correlations for photo-induced dynamics in molecular dimers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultrafast photoinduced dynamics of electronic excitation in molecular dimers is drastically affected by the dynamic reorganization of inter- and intra- molecular nuclear configuration modeled by a quantized nuclear degree of freedom [Cina et. al, J. Chem Phys. {118}, 46 (2003)]. The dynamics of the electronic population and nuclear coherence is analyzed by solving the chain of coupled differential equations for %mean coordinate, population inversion, electron-vibrational correlation, etc. [Prezhdo, Pereverzev, J. Chem. Phys. {113} 6557 (2000)]. Intriguing results are obtained in the approximation of a small change of the nuclear equilibrium upon photoexcitation. In the limiting case of resonance between the electronic energy gap and the frequency of the nuclear mode these results are justified by comparison to the exactly solvable Jaynes-Cummings model. It is found that the photoinduced processes in the model dimer are arranged according to their time scales: (i) fast scale of nuclear motion, (ii) intermediate scale of dynamical redistribution of electronic population between excited states as well as growth and dynamics of electron-nuclear correlation, (iii) slow scale of electronic population approach to the quasi-equilibrium distribution, decay of electron-nuclear correlation, and decrease of the amplitude of mean coordinate oscillation. The latter processes are accompanied by a noticeable growth of the nuclear coordinate dispersion associated with the overall nuclear wavepacket width. The demonstrated quantum relaxation features of the photoinduced vibronic dynamics in molecular dimers are obtained by a simple method, applicable to systems with many degrees of freedom.

Dmitri S. Kilin; Yuri V. Pereversev; Oleg V. Prezhdo

2004-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

52

Electronic Performance Support System: An Application Guideline: Solving Power Plant Workforce Management Issues with Electronic Performance Support and Knowledge Management Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidance on how to apply electronic performance support system (EPSS) solutions to address fossil and hydroelectric power plant employee performance issues arising from the aging workforce and changing demographics of future employees.

2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

53

Equations for static vacuum solutions arising from trace dynamics modifications to gravitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the equations governing static, spherically symmetric vacuum solutions to the Einstein equations as modified by the frame-dependent effective action arising from trace dynamics. We give several equivalent forms of the master second order, nonlinear differential equation implied by the trace dynamics effective action, and calculate the leading perturbative correction to the Schwarzschild metric. We then analyze the master equation in the regimes $r \\to 0$, $r \\to \\infty$, and $0symmetric case, we calculate the leading effective action corrections to the spatial components of the Einstein equations, which furnish the starting point for a similar analysis (yet to be done) of the static, axially symmetric case.

Stephen L. Adler

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

54

Large-scale Excited Electron Molecular Mechanics/Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, To simulate large electronically excited systems, we have developed [at the Materials and Process Simulation Center at Caltech] a molecular ...

55

Comparison of approaches for simulating reactive solute transport involving organic degradation reactions by multiple terminal electron acceptors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reactive solute transport models are useful tools for analyzing complex geochemical behavior resulting from biodegradation of organic compounds by multiple terminal electron acceptors (TEAPs). The usual approach of simulating the reactions of multiple ... Keywords: biogeochemistry, groundwater, hydrogen, monod kinetics, thermodynamics

Gary P. Curtis

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Importance of considering intraborehole flow in solute transport modeling under highly dynamic flow conditions  

SciTech Connect

Correct interpretation of tracer test data is critical for understanding transport processes in the subsurface. This task can be greatly complicated by the presence of intraborehole flows in a highly dynamic flow environment. At a new tracer test site (Hanford IFRC) a dynamic flow field created by changes in the stage of the adjacent Columbia River, coupled with a heterogeneous hydraulic conductivity distribution, leads to considerable variations in vertical hydraulic gradients. These variations, in turn, create intraborehole flows in fully-screened (6.5 m) observation wells with frequently alternating upward and downward movement. This phenomenon, in conjunction with a highly permeable aquifer formation and small horizontal hydraulic gradients, makes modeling analysis and model calibration a formidable challenge. Groundwater head data alone were insufficient to define the flow model boundary conditions, and the movement of the tracer was highly sensitive to the dynamics of the flow field. This study shows that model calibration can be significantly improved by explicitly considering (a) dynamic flow model boundary conditions and (b) intraborehole flow. The findings from this study underscore the difficulties in interpreting tracer tests and understanding solute transport under highly dynamic flow conditions.

Ma, Rui; Zheng, Chunmiao; Tonkin, Matthew J.; Zachara, John M.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Single-molecule interfacial electron transfer dynamics manipulated by external electric current  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interfacial electron transfer (IET) dynamics in 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3, 3, 3', 3'-tetramethylindodicarbocyanine (DiD) dye molecules / indium tin oxide (ITO) film system have been probed at the ensemble and single-molecule level by recording the change of fluorescence emission intensity. By comparing the difference of the external electric current (EEC) dependence of lifetime and intensity for enambles and single molecules, it is shown that the single-molecule probe can effcienly demonstrate the IET dynamics. The backward electron transfer and electron transfer of ground state induce the single molecules fluorescence quenching when an EEC is applied to ITO film.

Zhang, Guofeng; Chen, Ruiyun; Gao, Yan; Wang, Xiaobo; Jia, Suotang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Transient Dynamics in Molecular Junctions: Coherent Bichromophoric Molecular Electron Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of using single molecule junctions as electron pumps for energy conversion and storage is considered. It is argued that the small dimensions of these systems enable to make use of unique intra-molecular quantum coherences in order to pump electrons between two leads and to overcome relaxation processes which tend to suppress the pumping efficiency. In particular, we demonstrate that a selective transient excitation of one chromophore in a bi-chromophoric donor-bridge-acceptor molecular junction model yields currents which transfer charge (electron and holes) unevenly to the two leads in the absence of a bias potential. The utility of this mechanism for charge pumping in steady state conditions is proposed.

Volkovich, Roie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Transient Dynamics in Molecular Junctions: Coherent Bichromophoric Molecular Electron Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of using single molecule junctions as electron pumps for energy conversion and storage is considered. It is argued that the small dimensions of these systems enable to make use of unique intra-molecular quantum coherences in order to pump electrons between two leads and to overcome relaxation processes which tend to suppress the pumping efficiency. In particular, we demonstrate that a selective transient excitation of one chromophore in a bi-chromophoric donor-bridge-acceptor molecular junction model yields currents which transfer charge (electron and holes) unevenly to the two leads in the absence of a bias potential. The utility of this mechanism for charge pumping in steady state conditions is proposed.

Roie Volkovich; Uri Peskin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Entangled valence electron-hole dynamics revealed by stimulated attosecond x-ray Raman scattering  

SciTech Connect

We show that broadband x-ray pulses can create wavepackets of valence electrons and holes localized in the vicinity of a selected atom (nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur in cysteine) by resonant stimulated Raman scattering. The subsequent dynamics reveals highly correlated motions of entangled electrons and hole quasiparticles. This information goes beyond the time-dependent total charge density derived from x-ray diffraction.

Healion, Daniel; Zhang, Yu; Biggs, Jason D.; Govind, Niranjan; Mukamel, Shaul

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Growth and Electronic Properties of GaN/ZnO Solid Solution Nanowires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have grown single-crystal (Ga{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x})(N{sub 1-x}O{sub x}) solid-solution nanowires using nanostructured ZnGa{sub 2}O{sub 4} precursor prepared by a sol-gel method. From electrical transport measurements in individual nanowire field-effect transistors, we have identified the conduction as n-type and obtained a background carrier density (-10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}) and an electron mobility (-1 cm{sup 2}/V s) that are consistent with chemical disorder and a large number of charge traps, as confirmed by the devices photocurrent response. From the dependence of the device photoresponse on incident light wavelength, we have determined the energy band gap of (Ga{sub 0.88}Zn{sub 0.12})(N{sub 0.88}O{sub 0.12}) to be as much as -0.6 eV lower than that of GaN or ZnO.

Han, W.Q.; Zhang, Y.; Nam, C.-Y.; Black, C.T.; Mendez, E.E.

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

62

Dynamic and Electronic Transport Properties of DNA Translocation through Graphene Nanopores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

containing the pore in a 2 Ã? 2 grid arrangement. In addition to the dynamic analysis, we carried electronic. The transmission obtained along the graphene sensor at the Fermi level is affected by the presence of the DNA nano- pores generated with -hemolysin protein were used to map the DNA sequence as the molecule

Cuniberti, Gianaurelio

63

Inhomogeneous dynamic nuclear polarization and suppression of electron-polarization decay in a quantum dot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the dynamic nuclear polarization process by frequently injecting polarized electron spins into a quantum dot. Due to the suppression of the direct dipolar and indirect electron-mediated nuclear spin interactions, by the frequently injected electron spins, the analytical predictions under the independent spin approximation agree well with quantum numerical simulations. Our results show that the acquired nuclear polarization is highly inhomogeneous, proportional to the square of the local electron-nuclear hyperfine interaction constant, if the injection frequency is high. Utilizing the inhomogeneously polarized nuclear spins as an initial state, we further show that the electron-polarization decay time can be extended 100 times even at a relatively low nuclear polarization (<20%), without much suppression of the fluctuation of the Overhauser field. Our results lay the foundation for future investigations of the effect of DNP in more complex spin systems, such as double quantum dots and nitrogen vacancy centers in diamonds.

Na Wu; Wenkui Ding; Anqi Shi; Wenxian Zhang

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

64

Universal quantum control of two-electron spin quantum bits using dynamic nuclear polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One fundamental requirement for quantum computation is to perform universal manipulations of quantum bits at rates much faster than the qubit's rate of decoherence. Recently, fast gate operations have been demonstrated in logical spin qubits composed of two electron spins where the rapid exchange of the two electrons permits electrically controllable rotations around one axis of the qubit. However, universal control of the qubit requires arbitrary rotations around at least two axes. Here we show that by subjecting each electron spin to a magnetic field of different magnitude we achieve full quantum control of the two-electron logical spin qubit with nanosecond operation times. Using a single device, a magnetic field gradient of several hundred milliTesla is generated and sustained using dynamic nuclear polarization of the underlying Ga and As nuclei. Universal control of the two-electron qubit is then demonstrated using quantum state tomography. The presented technique provides the basis for single and potent...

Foletti, Sandra; Mahalu, Diana; Umansky, Vladimir; Yacoby, Amir; 10.1038/nphys1424

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Pseudo Slice Energy Spread in Dynamics of Electron Beams Moving through Magnetic Bends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the previous canonical formulation of beam dynamics for an electron bunch moving ultrarelativistically through magnetic bending systems, we have shown that the transverse dynamics equation for a particle in the bunch has a driving term which behaves as the centrifugal force caused by the particle's initial potential energy due to collective particle interactions within the bunch. As a result, the initial potential energy at the entrance of a bending system, which we call pseudo (kinetic) energy, is indistinguishable from the usual kinetic energy offset from the design energy in its perturbation to particle optics through dispersion and momentum compaction. In this paper, in identifying this centrifugal force on particles as the remnant of the CSR cancellation effect in transverse particle dynamics, we show how the dynamics equation in terms of the canonical momentum for beam motion on a curved orbit is related to the Panofsky-Wenzel theorem for wakefields for beam motion on a straight path. It is shown tha...

Li, Rui

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Dynamic Processes in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science: Opportunities for UltraFast Transmission Electron Microscopy - Workshop Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a 2011 workshop that addressed the potential role of rapid, time-resolved electron microscopy measurements in accelerating the solution of important scientific and technical problems. A series of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Academy of Science workshops have highlighted the critical role advanced research tools play in addressing scientific challenges relevant to biology, sustainable energy, and technologies that will fuel economic development without degrading our environment. Among the specific capability needs for advancing science and technology are tools that extract more detailed information in realistic environments (in situ or operando) at extreme conditions (pressure and temperature) and as a function of time (dynamic and time-dependent). One of the DOE workshops, Future Science Needs and Opportunities for Electron Scattering: Next Generation Instrumentation and Beyond, specifically addressed the importance of electron-based characterization methods for a wide range of energy-relevant Grand Scientific Challenges. Boosted by the electron optical advancement in the last decade, a diversity of in situ capabilities already is available in many laboratories. The obvious remaining major capability gap in electron microscopy is in the ability to make these direct in situ observations over a broad spectrum of fast (µs) to ultrafast (picosecond [ps] and faster) temporal regimes. In an effort to address current capability gaps, EMSL, the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, organized an Ultrafast Electron Microscopy Workshop, held June 14-15, 2011, with the primary goal to identify the scientific needs that could be met by creating a facility capable of a strongly improved time resolution with integrated in situ capabilities. The workshop brought together more than 40 leading scientists involved in applying and/or advancing electron microscopy to address important scientific problems of relevance to DOE’s research mission. This workshop built on previous workshops and included three breakout sessions identifying scientific challenges in biology, biogeochemistry, catalysis, and materials science frontier areas of fundamental science that underpin energy and environmental science that would significantly benefit from ultrafast transmission electron microscopy (UTEM). In addition, the current status of time-resolved electron microscopy was examined, and the technologies that will enable future advances in spatio-temporal resolution were identified in a fourth breakout session.

Kabius, Bernd C.; Browning, Nigel D.; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Diehl, Barbara L.; Stach, Eric A.

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

67

Analytical solutions for energy spectra of electrons accelerated by nonrelativistic shock-waves in shell type supernova remnants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

%context {Recent observations of hard X-rays and very high energy gamma-rays from a number of young shell type supernova remnants indicate the importance of detailed quantitative studies of energy spectra of relativistic electrons formed via diffusive shock acceleration accompanied by intense nonthermal emission through synchrotron radiation and inverse Compton scattering.} %aim {The aim of this work was derivation of exact asymptotic solutions of the kinetic equation which describes the energy distribution of shock-accelerated electrons for an arbitrary energy-dependence of the diffusion coefficient.} %method {The asymptotic solutions at low and very high energy domains coupled with numerical calculations in the intermediate energy range allow analytical presentations of energy spectra of electrons for the entire energy region.} %results {Under the assumption that the energy losses of electrons are dominated by synchrotron cooling, we derived the exact asymptotic spectra of electrons without any restriction on the diffusion coefficient. We also obtained simple analytical approximations which describe, with accuracy better than ten percent, the energy spectra of nonthermal emission of shock-accelerated electrons due to the synchrotron radiation and inverse Compton scattering.} %conclusions {The results can be applied for interpretation of X-ray and gamma-ray observations of shell type supernova remnants, as well as other nonthermal high energy source populations like microquasars and large scale synchrotron jets of active galactic nuclei.

V. N. Zirakashvili; F. Aharonian

2006-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

68

A Comparison of Electron-Transfer Dynamics inIonic Liquids and Neutral Solvents  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effect of ionic liquids on photoinduced electron-transfer reactions in a donor-bridge-acceptor system is examined for two ionic liquid solvents, 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide and tributylmethylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide. The results are compared with those for the same system in methanol and acetonitrile solution. Electron-transfer rates were measured using time-resolved fluorescence quenching for the donor-bridge-acceptor system comprising a 1-N,1-N-dimethylbenzene-1,4-diamine donor, a proline bridge, and a coumarin 343 acceptor. The photoinduced electron-transfer processes are in the inverted regime (-{Delta}G > {lambda}) in all four solvents, with driving forces of -1.6 to -1.9 eV and estimated reorganization energies of about 1.0 eV. The observed electron-transfer kinetics have broadly distributed rates that are generally slower in the ionic liquids compared to the neutral solvents, which also have narrower rate distributions. To describe the broad distributions of electron-transfer kinetics, we use two different models: a distribution of exponential lifetimes and a discrete sum of exponential lifetimes. Analysis of the donor-acceptor electronic coupling shows that for ionic liquids this intramolecular electron-transfer reaction should be treated using a solvent-controlled electron-transfer model.

Wishart J. F.; Lee, H.Y.; Issa, J.B.; Isied, S.S.; Castner, Jr., E.W.; Pan, Y.; Hussey, C.L.; Lee, K.S.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Dynamic nuclear polarization with simultaneous excitation of electronic and nuclear transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic nuclear polarization transfers spin polarization from electrons to nuclei. We have achieved this by a new method, simultaneously exciting transitions of electronic and nuclear spins. The efficiency of this technique improves with increasing magnetic field. Experimental results are shown for N@C60 with continuous-wave microwaves, which can be expected to produce even higher polarization than the corresponding pulsed techniques for electron spins greater than 1/2. The degree of nuclear polarization in this case can be easily monitored through the intensities of the well resolved hyperfine components in the EPR spectrum. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation time is orders of magnitude longer than that of the electrons.

G. W. Morley; K. Porfyrakis; A. Ardavan; J. van Tol

2008-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

70

Langevin molecular dynamics derived from Ehrenfest dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stochastic Langevin molecular dynamics for nuclei is derived from quantum classical molecular dynamics, also called Ehrenfest dynamics, at positive temperature, assuming that the molecular bulk system is in equilibrium and that the initial data for the electrons is stochastically perturbed from the ground state. The initial electron probability distribution is derived from the Liouville equilibrium solution generated by the nuclei acting as a heat bath for the electrons. The diffusion and friction coefficients in the Langevin equation satisfy Einstein's fluctuation-dissipation relation. The fluctuating initial data yields, in addition to the fluctuating diffusion terms, also a contribution to the drift, modifying the standard ab initio Born-Oppenheimer solution at zero temperature, where the electrons are in their ground state for the current nuclear configuration. The dissipative friction mechanism comes from the evolution of the electron ground state, due to slow dynamics of the nuclei, while the modified d...

Szepessy, Anders

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Nano-electron beam induced current and hole charge dynamics through uncapped Ge nanocrystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamics of hole storage in spherical Ge nanocrystals (NCs) formed by a two step dewetting/nucleation process on an oxide layer grown on an n-doped silicon substrate is studied using a nano-electron beam induced current technique. Carrier generation is produced by an electron beam irradiation. The generated current is collected by an atomic force microscope--tip in contact mode at a fixed position away from the beam spot of about 0.5 {mu}m. This distance represents the effective diffusion length of holes. The time constants of holes charging are determined and the effect of the NC size is underlined.

Marchand, A.; El Hdiy, A.; Troyon, M. [Laboratoire de Recherche en Nanosciences, Bat. 6, case no 15, UFR Sciences, Universite de Reims Champagne Ardenne, 51687 Reims Cedex 2 (France); Amiard, G.; Ronda, A.; Berbezier, I. [IM2NP, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, Campus de Saint Jerome - Case 142, Avenue Escadrille Normandie Niemen, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20 (France)

2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

72

Numerical fluid solutions for nonlocal electron transport in hot plasmas: Equivalent diffusion versus nonlocal source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flux limitation and preheat are important processes in electron transport occurring in laser produced plasmas. The proper calculation of both of these has been a subject receiving much attention over the entire lifetime of the laser fusion project. Where ... Keywords: Equivalent diffusion, Implicit-explicit diffusion algorithm, Krook model, Nonlocal electron transport, Numerical stability

Denis Colombant; Wallace Manheimer

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

New exact solution of Euler's equations (rigid body dynamics) in the case of rotation over the fixed point  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new exact solution of Euler equations (rigid body dynamics) is presented here. All the components of angular velocity of rigid body for such a solution differ from both the cases of symmetric rigid rotor (which has two equal moments of inertia: Lagrange or Kovalevskaya case), and from the Euler case when all the applied torques are zero, or from other well-known particular cases. The key features are the next: - the center of masses of rigid body is assumed to be located at meridional plane along the main principal axis of inertia of rigid body, - besides, the principal moments of inertia are assumed to satisfy to a simple algebraic equality. Also there is a restriction at choosing of initial conditions. Such a solution is also proved to satisfy to Euler-Poinsot equations, including invariants of motion and additional Euler invariant (square of the vector of angular momentum is a constant). So, such a solution is a generalization of Euler case.

Sergey V. Ershkov

2011-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

74

Numerically Converged Solutions of the Global Primitive Equations for Testing the Dynamical Core of Atmospheric GCMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solutions of the dry, adiabatic, primitive equations are computed, for the first time, to numerical convergence. These solutions consist of the short-time evolution of a slightly perturbed, baroclinically unstable, midlatitude jet, initially ...

L. M. Polvani; R. K. Scott; S. J. Thomas

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Thrifty BTB: A comprehensive solution for dynamic power reduction in branch target buffers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose Thrifty BTB, a mechanism to reduce the dynamic power dissipated by the BTB. We studied two mechanisms that reduce dynamic power dissipation. The first one is a serial-BTB configuration. The second mechanism is the filter-BTB, a combination ... Keywords: Branch prediction, Branch target buffer, Dynamic power, Microarchitecture

Roger Kahn; Shlomo Weiss

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Excited states and electron transfer in solution : models based on density functional theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our understanding of organic materials for solar energy conversion stands to benefit greatly from accurate, computationally tractable electronic structure methods for excited states. Here we apply two approaches based on ...

Kowalczyk, Timothy Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Electronic readout of microchannel resonators for precision mass sensing in solution by Rumi Chunara.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfabricated transducers have enabled new approaches for detection of biomolecules and cells. Integration of electronics with these tools simplify systems and provide platforms for robust use outside of the laboratory ...

Chunara, Rumi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Modification of Defect Structures in Graphene by Electron Irradiation: Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

SciTech Connect

Defects play an important role on the unique properties of the sp2-bonded materials, such as graphene. The creation and evolution of mono-vacancy, di-vacancy, Stone-Wales (SW) and grain boundaries (GBs) under irradiation in graphene are investigated using density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory molecular dynamics simulations. It is of great interest to note that the patterns of these defects can be controlled through electron irradiation. The SW defects can be created by electron irradiation with energy of above the displacement threshold energy (Td, {approx}19 eV) and can be healed with an energy (14-18 eV) lower than Td. The transformation between four types of divacancies, V2(5-8-5), V2(555-777), V2(5555-6-7777), and V2(55-77) can be realized through bond rotation induced by electron irradiation. The migrations of divancancies, SW defects, and GBs can also be controlled by electron irradiation. Thus, electron irradiation can serve as an important tool to modify morphology in a controllable manner, and to tailor the physical properties of graphene.

Wang, Zhiguo; Zhou, Yungang; Bang, Junhyeok; Prange, Micah P.; Zhang, Shengbai; Gao, Fei

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

79

Universal quantum control of two-electron spin quantum bits using dynamic nuclear polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One fundamental requirement for quantum computation is to perform universal manipulations of quantum bits at rates much faster than the qubit's rate of decoherence. Recently, fast gate operations have been demonstrated in logical spin qubits composed of two electron spins where the rapid exchange of the two electrons permits electrically controllable rotations around one axis of the qubit. However, universal control of the qubit requires arbitrary rotations around at least two axes. Here we show that by subjecting each electron spin to a magnetic field of different magnitude we achieve full quantum control of the two-electron logical spin qubit with nanosecond operation times. Using a single device, a magnetic field gradient of several hundred milliTesla is generated and sustained using dynamic nuclear polarization of the underlying Ga and As nuclei. Universal control of the two-electron qubit is then demonstrated using quantum state tomography. The presented technique provides the basis for single and potentially multiple qubit operations with gate times that approach the threshold required for quantum error correction.

Sandra Foletti; Hendrik Bluhm; Diana Mahalu; Vladimir Umansky; Amir Yacoby

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

80

Ultrafast time dynamics studies of periodic lattices with free electron laser radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been proposed that radiation from free electron laser (FEL) at Hamburg (FLASH) can be used for ultrafast time-resolved x-ray diffraction experiments based on the near-infrared (NIR) pump/FEL probe scheme. Here, investigation probing the ultrafast structural dynamics of periodic nano-crystalline organic matter (silver behenate) with such a scheme is reported. Excitation with a femtosecond NIR laser leads to an ultrafast lattice modification which time evolution has been studied through the scattering of vacuum ultraviolet FEL pulses. The found effect last for 6 ps and underpins the possibility for studying nanoperiodic dynamics down to the FEL source time resolution. Furthermore, the possibility of extending the use of silver behenate (AgBh) as a wavelength and temporal calibration tool for experiments with soft x-ray/FEL sources is suggested.

Quevedo, W.; Busse, G.; Hallmann, J.; More, R.; Petri, M.; Rajkovic, I. [Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Goettingen (Germany); Krasniqi, F.; Rudenko, A. [Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Tschentscher, T. [European XFEL GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 19, 22671 Hamburg (Germany); Stojanovic, N.; Duesterer, S.; Treusch, R.; Tolkiehn, M. [HASYLAB at DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Techert, S. [Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Goettingen (Germany); Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

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81

Non-diffusive spin dynamics in a two-dimensional electron gas  

SciTech Connect

We describe measurements of spin dynamics in the two-dimensional electron gas in GaAs/GaAlAs quantum wells. Optical techniques, including transient spin-grating spectroscopy, are used to probe the relaxation rates of spin polarization waves in the wavevector range from zero to 6 x 10{sup 4} cm{sup -1}. We find that the spin polarization lifetime is maximal at nonzero wavevector, in contrast with expectation based on ordinary spin diffusion, but in quantitative agreement with recent theories that treat diffusion in the presence of spin-orbit coupling.

Weber, C.P.

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

82

Acceleration and dynamics of an electron in the degenerate and magnetized plasma elliptical waveguide  

SciTech Connect

The dynamics and energy gain of an electron in the field of a transverse magnetic wave propagating inside an elliptical degenerate plasma waveguide is analytically investigated by finding the field components of the TM{sub mr} mode in this waveguide. Besides, by solving the relativistic momentum and energy equations the deflection angle and the acceleration gradient of the electron in the waveguide are obtained. Furthermore, the field components of the hybrid mode and the transferred power in the presence of the magnetic field in this waveguide are found. Also by applying the boundary conditions at the plasma-conductor interface, we calculate the dispersion relation. It is shown that the cutoff frequency of this mode is dependent on the plasma density but independent of the magnetic field. Then, a single-electron model for numerical calculations of the electron deflection angle and acceleration gradient inside the magnetized plasma-filled elliptical waveguide is generally presented to be used as a cascading process for the acceleration purposes.

Abdoli-Arani, A.; Jazi, B. [Department of Photonics, Faculty of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shokri, B. [Physics Department and Laser-Plasma Research Institute, G. C. Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

A learning automata based scheduling solution to the dynamic point coverage problem in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamic point coverage problem in wireless sensor networks is to detect some moving target points in the area of the network using as few sensor nodes as possible. One way to deal with this problem is to schedule sensor nodes in such a way that a ... Keywords: Dynamic point coverage, Learning automata, Scheduling, Wireless sensor network

M. Esnaashari; M. R. Meybodi

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Dynamic  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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85

Rashba coupling in three-electron-quantum dot under cylindrical symmetry: An exact solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of quantum dots in advanced technology goes beyond doubt. Here, based on an analytical methodology, investigate a three-electron-quantum dot in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction under cylindrical symmetry. Both eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the system are reported and the problem is numerically discussed. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: > We theoretically investigate a three-electron-quantum dot in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction by an exact analytical methodology. > By using the Jacobi transformations as well as the hyperspherical coordinates we calculate the wavefunction and the energy spectra. > Our obtained energy relation reveals that the Rashba interaction appears solely in the center of mass section.

Hassanabadi, H., E-mail: h.hasanabadi@shahroodut.ac.ir [Physics Department, Shahrood University of Technology, P.O. Box 3619995161-316 Shahrood (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rahimov, H. [Computer Engineering Department, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zarrinkamar, S. [Department of Basic Sciences, Garmsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Excited state structure, energy and electron transfer dynamics of photosynthetic reaction centers: A hole burning study  

SciTech Connect

The excited state structure, early time energy and electron transfer dynamics for bacterial photosynthetic reaction center of Rhodoseudomonas viridis, Rhodobacter sphaeroides and green plant photosynthetic reaction center of Photosystem 2 (PS 2) have been determined by hole burning spectroscopy. Transient hole burned spectra of the bacterial reaction centers reveal a special pair Franck-Condon marker mode progression with a superimposed zero phonon hole. Such progression is found to be absent in green plant Photosystem 2 which raises the question of structural similarities between the PS 2 and bacterial reaction centers. The excited state decay times are obtained for all systems and found to be consistent with time domain experiments. Similar temperature dependence of the decay kinetics have been observed for both bacterial and PS 2 reaction centers. Study of different preparations of reaction center of Photosystem 2 utilizing hole burning spectroscopy indicates that Triton X-100 detergent significantly affect the absorption and persistent hole burned spectra and disrupts the energy transfer from the accessory chlorophyll to the active pheophytin. The comparison between the bacterial reaction centers and Photosystem 2 has been presented and discussed in order to understand the difference in their early time dynamics and the excited state structure. A theoretical model has been developed based on the principle of linear electron-phonon coupling and imhomogeneous broadening. Our experimental results are found to be in good agreement with the theoretical calculations. 335 refs., 43 figs.

Tang, De-Ming.

1991-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

87

A direct electron bombarded charge coupled device for dynamic plasma imaging applications (abstract)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variety of plasma physics experiments require the recording of continuous time history of x-ray emission. Many laboratories have developed x-ray streak camera technology in order to time resolve x-ray spectra or images produced by laser-driven plasma experiments. These cameras record x rays by converting photons to electrons, which in turn are focused and swept across an electron sensitive area detector as a function of time. X-ray photons impinging on a transmission type photocathode generate photoelectrons which are accelerated to energies between 10 and 20 keV and focused onto a phosphor screen. The light from the phosphor image may be intensified using a microchannel plate, and is usually optically coupled directly onto film or an optical charge coupled device. We have designed and built an x-ray sensitive streak camera readout where we replaced the microchannel plate based intensifier and film package with a modified charge coupled device area detector to directly absorb accelerated photoelectrons emitted from the cathode. This system has been integrated into the streak tube arrangement. We will present a set of system performance data, which have been obtained from both bench top experiments on a dc source and dynamic measurements at the Nova laser facility. X-ray images at various exposure times show better spatial resolution, improved signal to noise ratio, and higher dynamic range. Other advantages include instantaneous data readout, which enables fast postprocessing, and no increase in overall cost for an engineered system.

Weber, F.; Celliers, P.; Bell, P.; Diamond, C.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The dynamics of 1D Bloch electrons in constant electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the dynamics of a 1D Bloch electron subjected to a constant electric field. The periodic potential is supposed to be less singular than the $\\delta $-like potential (Dirac comb). We give a rigorous proof of Ao's result \\cite{Ao} that for a large class of initial conditions (high momentum regime) there is no localization in momentum space. The proof is based on the mathematical substantiation of the two simplifying assumptions made in physical literature: the transitions between far away bands can be neglected and the transitions at the quasi-crossing can be described by Landau-Zener like formulae. Using the connection between the above model and the driven quantum ring (DQR) shown by Avron and Nemirovski \\cite{AvN}, our results imply the increase of energy for weakly singular such DQR and appropiate initial conditions.

F. Bentosela; P. Duclos; G. Nenciu; V. Moldoveanu

2004-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

89

Dynamic environment coupling induce synchronized states in coupled time-delayed electronic circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate the occurrence of various synchronized states in coupled piece-wise linear time-delayed electronic circuits using dynamic environment coupling where the environment has its own intrinsic dynamics via feedback from the circuits. We carry out these experiments in two different coupling configurations, namely mutual and subsystem coupling configurations. Depending upon the coupling strength and the nature of feedback, we observe a transition from nonsynchronization to complete synchronization via phase synchronization and from nonsynchronization to inverse synchronization via inverse-phase synchronization between the circuits in hyperchaotic regime. Snapshots of the time evolution, phase projection plots and localized sets of the circuits as observed experimentally from the oscilloscope, along with supporting numerical simulations confirm the existence of different synchronized states. Further, the transition to different synchronized states can be verified from the changes in the largest Lyapunov exponents, Correlation of Probability of Recurrence and Correlation Coefficient as a function of the coupling strength. We present a detailed linear stability analysis and obtain conditions for different synchronized states.

R. Suresh; K. Srinivasan; D. V. Senthilkumar; K. Murali; M. Lakshmanan; J. Kurths

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

90

Single-Particle Dynamics in Electron Storage Rings with Extremely Low Emittance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electron storage rings are widely used for high luminosity colliders, damping rings in high-energy linear colliders, and synchrotron light sources. They have become essential facilities to study high-energy physics and material and medical sciences. To further increase the luminosity of colliders or the brightness of synchrotron light sources, the beam emittance is being continually pushed downward, recently to the nanometer region. In the next decade, another order of reduction is expected. This requirement of ultra-low emittance presents many design challenges in beam dynamics, including better analysis of maps and improvement of dynamic apertures. To meet these challenges, we have refined transfer maps of common elements in storage rings and developed a new method to compute the resonance driving terms as they are built up along a beamline. The method is successfully applied to a design of PEP-X as a future light source with 100-pm emittance. As a result, we discovered many unexpected cancelations of the fourth-order resonance terms driven by sextupoles within an achromat.

Cai, Yunhai; /SLAC

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

91

Electron cyclotron resonance near the axis of the gas-dynamic trap  

SciTech Connect

Propagation of an extraordinary electromagnetic wave in the vicinity of electron cyclotron resonance surface in an open linear trap is studied analytically, taking into account inhomogeneity of the magnetic field in paraxial approximation. Ray trajectories are derived from a reduced dispersion equation that makes it possible to avoid the difficulty associated with a transition from large propagation angles to the case of strictly longitudinal propagation. Our approach is based on the theory, originally developed by Zvonkov and Timofeev [Sov. J. Plasma Phys. 14, 743 (1988)], who used the paraxial approximation for the magnetic field strength, but did not consider the slope of the magnetic field lines, which led to considerable error, as has been recently noted by Gospodchikov and Smolyakova [Plasma Phys. Rep. 37, 768-774 (2011)]. We have found ray trajectories in analytic form and demonstrated that the inhomogeneity of both the magnetic field strength and the field direction can qualitatively change the picture of wave propagation and significantly affect the efficiency of electron cyclotron heating of a plasma in a linear magnetic trap. Analysis of the ray trajectories has revealed a criterion for the resonance point on the axis of the trap to be an attractor for the ray trajectories. It is also shown that a family of ray trajectories can still reach the resonance point on the axis if the latter generally repels the ray trajectories. As an example, results of general theory are applied to the electron cyclotron resonance heating experiment which is under preparation on the gas dynamic trap in the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics [Shalashov et al., Phys. Plasmas 19, 052503 (2012)].

Bagulov, D. S. [Novosibirsk State University, Pirogova Street 2, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Kotelnikov, I. A. [Novosibirsk State University, Pirogova Street 2, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademika Lavrentyeva Prospect 11, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

State-space solutions to the dynamic magnetoencephalography inverse problem using high performance computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determining the magnitude and location of neural sources within the brain that are responsible for generating magnetoencephalography (MEG) signals measured on the surface of the head is a challenging problem in functional neuroimaging. The number of potential sources within the brain exceeds by an order of magnitude the number of recording sites. As a consequence, the estimates for the magnitude and location of the neural sources will be ill-conditioned because of the underdetermined nature of the problem. One well-known technique designed to address this imbalance is the minimum norm estimator (MNE). This approach imposes an $L^2$ regularization constraint that serves to stabilize and condition the source parameter estimates. However, these classes of regularizer are static in time and do not consider the temporal constraints inherent to the biophysics of the MEG experiment. In this paper we propose a dynamic state-space model that accounts for both spatial and temporal correlations within and across candida...

Long, Christopher J; Temereanca, Simona; Desai, Neil U; Hämäläinen, Matti S; Brown, Emery N; 10.1214/11-AOAS483

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Polarized radiance fields under a dynamic ocean surface: a three-dimensional radiative transfer solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hybrid matrix operator, Monte Carlo (HMOMC) method previously reported [Appl. Opt.47, 1063-1071 (2008)APOPAI0003-693510.1364/AO.47.001063] is improved by neglecting higher-order terms in the coupling of the matrix operators and by introducing a dual grid scheme. The computational efficiency for solving the vector radiative transfer equation in a full 3D coupled atmosphere-surface-ocean system is substantially improved, and, thus, large-scale simulations of the radiance distribution become feasible. The improved method is applied to the computation of the polarized radiance field under realistic surface waves simulated by the power spectral density method. To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first time that the polarized radiance field under a dynamic ocean surface and the underwater image of an object above such an ocean surface have been reported.

You Yu; Zhai Pengwang; Kattawar, George W.; Yang Ping

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Ultrafast probing of ejection dynamics of Rydberg atoms and molecular fragments from electronically excited helium nanodroplets  

SciTech Connect

The ejection dynamics of Rydberg atoms and molecular fragments from electronically excited helium nanodroplets are studied with time-resolved extreme ultraviolet ion imaging spectroscopy. At excitation energies of 23.6 {+-} 0.2 eV, Rydberg atoms in n= 3 and n= 4 states are ejected on different time scales and with significantly different kinetic energy distributions. Specifically, n= 3 Rydberg atoms are ejected with kinetic energies as high as 0.85 eV, but their appearance is delayed by approximately 200 fs. In contrast, n= 4 Rydberg atoms appear within the time resolution of the experiment with considerably lower kinetic energies. Major features in the Rydberg atom kinetic energy distributions for both principal quantum numbers can be described within a simple elastic scattering model of localized perturbed atomic Rydberg atoms that are expelled from the droplet due to their repulsive interaction with the surrounding helium bath. Time-dependent kinetic energy distributions of He{sub 2}{sup +} and He{sub 3}{sup +} ions are presented that support the formation of molecular ions in an indirect droplet ionization process and the ejection of neutral Rydberg dimers on a similar time scale as the n= 3 Rydberg atoms.

Buenermann, Oliver; Kornilov, Oleg; Neumark, Daniel M. [Ultrafast X-ray Science Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Haxton, Daniel J.; Gessner, Oliver [Ultrafast X-ray Science Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Leone, Stephen R. [Ultrafast X-ray Science Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

Presentations from ECLOUD10, the 49th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on Electron Cloud Physics  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

ECLOUD10, the 49h ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop took place from October 8 to 12, 2010 at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA. The development of the electron cloud (EC) in accelerator vacuum systems remains a significant issue for the operation of present and planned high intensity accelerators. The interaction of the cloud with the beam can lead to single and multi-bunch instabilities, emittance growth, and betatron tune shifts. The presence of the cloud in the beam chambers can result in a rapid rise in vacuum pressure, significant heat loads on cryogenic surfaces, and can interfere with beam diagnostics. Since the last ECLOUD workshop in 2007, an intense R&D effort has been underway to further understand the physics of the EC and to investigate new methods to mitigate the EC effects. The ECLOUD10 program focused on: a review of EC observations at existing machines; recent experimental efforts to characterize the EC (including EC diagnostics, experimental techniques, characterization of mitigation methods, and characterization of beam instabilities and emittance growth); the status of EC physics models and simulation codes and their comparison to recently acquired experimental data; and, the mitigation requirements and potential performance limitations imposed by the EC on upgraded and future machines. [copied with minor edits from http://www.lepp.cornell.edu/Events/ECLOUD10/] The agenda page makes slides, videos, and posters available to the public.

96

Resonant Spin-Flavor Precession Solution to the Solar Neutrino Problem and electron antineutrinos from the Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have found allowed squared mass difference, magnetic field, mixing angle - regions for the Resonant Spin-Flavor Precession Solution to the Solar Neutrino Problem fitted with the data of all acting solar neutrino experiments. The typical mass difference region varying in dependence on the mixing angle is allowed for some discrete magnetic field regions in a wide range for the fixed neutrino transition magnetic moment. Except of the first allowed range with the lowest field strength the magnetic field amplitude within other discrete allowed regions depend essentially on the shape of a regular magnetic field profile in the convective zone of the Sun. For the non-zero neutrino mixing one can find at 99.9% C.L. an upper limit on the mixing, originated by the non-observation of electron antineutrinos in the SuperKamiokande detector. This limit occurs also sensitive to the magnetic field profile. While at 67% C.L. there is another more stringent upper limit coming from inconsistency of the gallium experiments with others. A new allowed region appears in the case of an additional assumption that the Homestake data are 1.3 times less than the experimental event rate.

A. A. Bykov; V. Yu. Popov; T. I. Rashba; V. B. Semikoz

2000-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

97

Gas-phase and Solution-phase Peptide Conformations Studied by Ion Mobility-mass Spectrometry and Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) separates ions on the basis of ion-neutral collision cross-sections (CCS, [omega]), which are determined by the geometry or conformation of the ions. The size-based IM separation can be extended to distinguish conformers that have different shapes in cases where shape differences influence the accessible surface area of the molecule. In recent years, IM has rapidly evolved as a structural characterization technique, which has applied on various structural biology problems. In this work, IMS is combined with molecular dynamics simulation (MDS), specially the integrated tempering sampling molecular dynamics simulation (ITS-MDS) to explore the gas-phase conformation space of two molecular systems (i) protonated tryptophan zipper 1 (trpzip1) ions and its six derivatives (ii) alkali metal ion (Na, K and Cs) adducts of gramicidin A (GA). The structural distributions obtained from ITS-MDS are compared well with results obtained from matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-ion mobility-mass spectrometry (MALDI-IM-MS) for trpzip 1 series and electrospray ionization-ion mobility-mass spectrometry (ESI-IM-MS) for alkali metal ion adducts of GA. Furthermore, the solvent dependence on conformational preferences of the GA dimer is investigated using a combination of mass spectrometry techniques, viz. ESI-IM-MS and hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX)-MS, and MDS. The IM experiments reveal three distinct gramicidin A species, detected as the sodium ion adduct ions, [2GA + 2Na]²?, and the equilibrium abundances of the dimer ions varies with solvent polarity. The solution phase conformations are assigned as the parallel and anti-parallel [beta]-helix dimer, and the anti-parallel dimer is the preferred conformation in non-polar organic solvent. The calculated CCS profiles by ITS-MDS agree very well with the experimentally measured CCS profiles, which underscore the utility of the method for determining candidate structures as well as the relative abundances of the candidate structures. The benefit of combining ion mobility measurements with solution-phase H/D exchange is allowing identifications and detail analysis of the solution-phase subgroup conformations, which cannot be uncovered by one method alone.

Chen, Liuxi

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Transverse envelope dynamics of a 28.5 GeV electron beam in a long plasma  

SciTech Connect

The transverse dynamics of a 28.5 GeV electron beam propagating in a 1.4 m long, 0-2 x 10{sup 14} cm{sup -3} plasma are studied experimentally in the underdense or blow-out regime. The transverse component of the wake field excited by the short electron bunch focuses the bunch, which experiences multiple betatron oscillations as the plasma density is increased. The spot size variations are observed using optical transition radiation and Cherenkov radiation. In this regime, the behavior of the spot size as a function of the plasma density is well described by a simple beam envelope model. Dynamic changes of the beam envelope are observed by time resolving the Cherenkov light.

Clayton, C.E.; Blue, B.E.; Dodd, E.S.; Joshi, C.; Marsh, K.A.; Mori, W.B.; Wang, S.; Catravas, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W.P.; Assmann, R.; Decker, F.J.; Hogan, M.J.; Iverson, R.; Raimondi, P.; Siemann, R.H.; Walz, D.; Katsouleas, T.; Lee, S.; Muggli, P.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Stability of the strahl and solar burst electron distribution function and its dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The so-called ''fan'' instability of the strahl electron distribution as well as of the plateau-like distribution of the solar burst electrons formed due to excitation of Langmuir waves is discussed. It is shown that this instability can be an effective mechanism of the pitch angle diffusion of these populations of electrons in the solar wind.

Shevchenko, V.; Galinsky, V. [University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla CA 92093 (United States)

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

100

Long-time electron spin storage via dynamical suppression of hyperfine-induced decoherence in a quantum dot  

SciTech Connect

The coherence time of an electron spin decohered by the nuclear spin environment in a quantum dot can be substantially increased by subjecting the electron to suitable dynamical decoupling sequences. We analyze the performance of high-level decoupling protocols by using a combination of analytical and exact numerical methods, and by paying special attention to the regimes of large interpulse delays and long-time dynamics, which are outside the reach of standard average Hamiltonian theory descriptions. We demonstrate that dynamical decoupling can remain efficient far beyond its formal domain of applicability, and find that a protocol exploiting concatenated design provides best performance for this system in the relevant parameter range. In situations where the initial electron state is known, protocols able to completely freeze decoherence at long times are constructed and characterized. The impact of system and control nonidealities is also assessed, including the effect of intrabath dipolar interaction, magnetic field bias and bath polarization, as well as systematic pulse imperfections. While small bias field and small bath polarization degrade the decoupling fidelity, enhanced performance and temporal modulation result from strong applied fields and high polarizations. Overall, we find that if the relative errors of the control pulse flip angles do not exceed 3%, decoupling protocols can still prolong the coherence time by up to 2 orders of magnitude.

Zhang, W.; Konstantinidis, N.; Dobrovitski, V.; Harmon, B.; Santos, L.; Viola, L.

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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101

ELECTRONIC SOLUTION SPECTRA FOR URANIUM AND NEPTUNIUM IN OXIDATION STATES (III) TO (VI) IN ANHYDROUS HYDROGEN FLUORIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLUTION SPECTRA FOR URANIUM AND NEPTUNIUM IN OXIDATIONSOLUTION SPECTRA FOR URANIUM AND NEPTUNIUM IN OXIDATIONfluoride (AHF) of uranium and neptunium in oxidation

Baluka, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Electron Dynamics and Symmetries at the Metal-Molecule Interface Probed by Two Photon Photoemission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

c-60 organic photovoltaic cells. J.A.C.S. , 128:8108–8109, [electronic devices. In a photovoltaic cell, charge transfer

Muller, Eric Anton

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Electron-H{sub 2}{sup +} scattering using the finite-element method with iterative-variational solution of the algebraic problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coulomb Sturmians are used to calculate the ground state of H{sub 2}{sup +}. The required multicenter integrals are calculated to very high accuracy in momentum space. Differential cross sections describing electron scattering from the ground state of H{sub 2}{sup +} are then calculated using the finite element method. The solution of the resulting linear algebraic problem is accomplished using the iterative-variational method.

Weatherford, C.A.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Dynamics of relativistic electrons propagating in a funnel-guided target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hot electron transport in a funnel-guided target is investigated using two-dimensional hybrid simulations. Relativistic electrons generated by a petawatt picosecond short-pulse laser interacting with a gold slab are guided by a funnel to the compressed core region of the fuel. It is shown that as the energetic electrons propagate into the compressed core, the interface magnetic fields in the inner and outer surfaces of the funnel can change sign so that the fast electrons are efficiently guided in the gold funnel to reach the dense core. It is also shown that with funnel guiding, fuel heating is enhanced compared to that without the funnel. The findings here may be useful in the design of more efficient fast-ignition schemes, as well as in other applications involving transport and heating of energetic electrons in targets.

Zhou, C. T.; He, X. T. [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100094 (China); Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Wang, X. G. [Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Ruan, S. C. [Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060 (China); Wu, S. Z. [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100094 (China); Chew, L. Y. [Division of Physics and Applied Physics, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Yu, M. Y. [Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik I, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Bochum D-44780 (Germany)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

A joint x-ray and neutron study on amicyanin reveals the role of protein dynamics in electron transfer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The joint x-ray/neutron diffraction model of the Type I copper protein, amicyanin from Paracoccus denitrificans was determined at 1.8 {angstrom} resolution. The protein was crystallized using reagents prepared in D{sub 2}O. About 86% of the amide hydrogen atoms are either partially or fully exchanged, which correlates well with the atomic depth of the amide nitrogen atom and the secondary structure type, but with notable exceptions. Each of the four residues that provide copper ligands is partially deuterated. The model reveals the dynamic nature of the protein, especially around the copper-binding site. A detailed analysis of the presence of deuterated water molecules near the exchange sites indicates that amide hydrogen exchange is primarily due to the flexibility of the protein. Analysis of the electron transfer path through the protein shows that residues in that region are highly dynamic, as judged by hydrogen/deuterium exchange. This could increase the rate of electron transfer by transiently shortening through-space jumps in pathways or by increasing the atomic packing density. Analysis of C-H{hor_ellipsis}X bonding reveals previously undefined roles of these relatively weak H bonds, which, when present in sufficient number can collectively influence the structure, redox, and electron transfer properties of amicyanin.

Sukumar, N.; Mathews, F.S.; Langan, P.; Davidson, V.L. (Cornell); (UMMC); (WU-MED); (LANL)

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

106

Aqueous systems from first-principles : structure, dynamics and electron-transfer reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we show for the first time how it is possible to calculated fully from first-principles the diabatic free-energy surfaces of electron-transfer reactions. The excitation energy corresponding to the transfer ...

Sit, Patrick Hoi Land

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Adjustment of ablation shapes and subwavelength ripples based on electron dynamics control by designing femtosecond laser pulse trains  

SciTech Connect

A quantum model is proposed to investigate femtosecond laser pulse trains processing of dielectrics by including the plasma model with the consideration of laser particle-wave duality. Central wavelengths (400 nm and 800 nm) strongly impact the surface plasmon field distribution, the coupling field intensity distribution (between the absorbed intensity and the surface plasma), and the distribution of transient localized free electron density in the material. This, in turn, significantly changes the localized transient optical/thermal properties during laser materials processing. The effects of central wavelengths on ablation shapes and subwavelength ripples are discussed. The simulation results show that: (1) ablation shapes and the spacing of subwavelength ripples can be adjusted by localized transient electron dynamics control using femtosecond laser pulse trains; (2) the adjustment of the radii of ablation shapes is stronger than that of the periods of subwavelength ripples.

Yuan Yanping; Jiang Lan; Li Xin; Wang Cong [Laser Micro/Nano-Fabrication Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Lu Yongfeng [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0511 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

108

Electronic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

contribution contribution to friction on GaAs: An atomic force microscope study Yabing Qi, 1,2 J. Y. Park, 2 B. L. M. Hendriksen, 2 D. F. Ogletree, 2 and M. Salmeron 2,3 1 Applied Science and Technology Graduate Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA 2 Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA 3 Department of Materials Sciences and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA ͑Received 23 January 2008; revised manuscript received 11 April 2008; published 7 May 2008͒ The electronic contribution to friction at semiconductor surfaces was investigated by using a Pt-coated tip with 50 nm radius in an atomic force microscope sliding against an n-type GaAs͑100͒ substrate. The GaAs surface was covered by an approximately 1 nm thick oxide layer. Charge accumulation

109

Real-time x-ray response of biocompatible solution gate AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistor devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the real-time x-ray irradiation response of charge and pH sensitive solution gate AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors. The devices show stable and reproducible behavior under and following x-ray radiation, including a linear integrated response with dose into the muGy range. Titration measurements of devices in solution reveal that the linear pH response and sensitivity are not only retained under x-ray irradiation, but an irradiation response could also be measured. Since the devices are biocompatible, and can be simultaneously operated in aggressive fluids and under hard radiation, they are well-suited for both medical radiation dosimetry and biosensing applications.

Hofstetter, Markus; Funk, Maren; Paretzke, Herwig G.; Thalhammer, Stefan [Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg (Germany); Howgate, John; Sharp, Ian D.; Stutzmann, Martin [Walter Schottky Institut, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Am Coulombwall 3, 85748 Garching (Germany)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

EXPERIENCE IN REDUCING ELECTRON CLOUD AND DYNAMIC PRESSURE RISE IN WARM AND COLD REGIONS IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

The large scale application of non-evaporable getter coating in RHIC has been effective in reducing the electron cloud. Since beams with higher intensity and smaller bunch spacing became possible in operation, the emittance growth is of concern. Study results are reported together with experiences of machine improvements: saturated NEG coatings, anti-grazing ridges in warm sections, and the pre-pumping in cryogenic regions.

ZHANG, S.Y.; AHRENS,L.; ALLESI, J.; BAI, M.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; CAMERON, P.; CONNOLLY, R.; DREES, A.; FISCHER, W.; GULLOTTA, J.; HE, P.; HSEUH, H.C.; HUANG, H.; LEE, R.; LITVINENKO, V.; MACKAY, W.W.; MONTAG, C.; NICOLETTI, A.; OERTER, B.; PILAT, F.; PTITSYN, V.; ROSER, T.; SATOGATA, T.; SMART, L.; SYNDSTRUP, L.; TEPIKIAN, S.; THIEBERGER, P.; TRBOJEVIC, D.; WEI, J.; ZENO, K.

2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

111

Solving the Accelerator-Condenser Coupling Problem in a Nanosecond Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a modification to a transmission electron microscope (TEM) that allows it to briefly (using a pulsed-laser-driven photocathode) operate at currents in excess of 10 mA while keeping the effects of condenser lens aberrations to a minimum. This modification allows real-space imaging of material microstructure with a resolution of order 10 nm over regions several {micro}m across with an exposure time of 15 ns. This is more than 6 orders of magnitude faster than typical video-rate TEM imaging. The key is the addition of a weak magnetic lens to couple the large-diameter high-current beam exiting the accelerator into the acceptance aperture of a conventional TEM condenser lens system. We show that the performance of the system is essentially consistent with models derived from ray tracing and finite element simulations. The instrument can also be operated as a conventional TEM by using the electron gun in a thermionic mode. The modification enables very high electron current densities in {micro}m-sized areas and could also be used in a non-pulsed system for high-throughput imaging and analytical TEM.

Reed, B W; LaGrange, T; Shuttlesworth, R M; Gibson, D J; Campbell, G H; Browning, N D

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

112

Self-Similar Nonlinear Dynamical Solutions for One-Component Nonneutral Plasma in a Time-Dependent Linear Focusing Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a linear trap confining a one-component nonneutral plasma, the external focusing force is a linear function of the configuration coordinates and/or the velocity coordinates. Linear traps include the classical Paul trap and the Penning trap, as well as the newly proposed rotating-radio- frequency traps and the Mobius accelerator. This paper describes a class of self-similar nonlinear solutions of nonneutral plasma in general time-dependent linear focusing devices, with self-consistent electrostatic field. This class of nonlinear solutions includes many known solutions as special cases.

Hong Qin and Ronald C. Davidson

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

113

Photoluminescence Blinking Dynamics of Colloidal Quantum Dots in the Presence of Controlled External Electron Traps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of the external charge trap on the photoluminescence blinking dynamics of individual colloidal quantum dots is investigated with a series of colloidal quantum dot-bridge-fullerene dimers with varying bridge lengths, where the fullerene moiety acts as a well-defined, well-positioned external charge trap. It is found that charge transfer followed by charge recombination is an important mechanism in determining the blinking behavior of quantum dots when the external trap is properly coupled with the excited state of the quantum dot, leading to a quasi-continuous distribution of 'on' states and an early fall-off from a power-law distribution for both 'on' and 'off' times associated with quantum dot photoluminescence blinking.

Cotlet, M.; Xu, Z.

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

114

Modeling surfaces in the context of pulsed-power : work functions, electron emission and dynamic response.  

SciTech Connect

The ability to quickly understand and deal with issues on ZR, or to virtually design a future ZX accelerator, requires a physics-based capability to simulate all key pulsed power components. Highly important for gas switches and transmission lines are surface phenomena: thermionic emission, photoemission, field emission, and ion-surface dynamics. These are complex processes even at normal conditions, when coupled to the dynamic environment in pulsed power components, the current state of the art of understanding is not at the level of science based predictive modeling. Modeling efforts at the macroscopic level (finite element based hydrodynamic simulations) require detailed information of these processes to yield more reliable results. This is the final report of an LDRD project in the science of extreme environments investment area; the project was focused on describing the physics of surfaces of materials of interest in pulsed-power components. We have calculated the temperature dependence of work functions for metals from first principles using density functional theory (DFT) as well as investigated the effect of initial oxidation and alloying. By using the GW method, we have gone beyond DFT to calculate work functions for Al. The GW work required base-lining the GW results for different systems, since GW lacks a description of total energy. Lastly, we investigated the more macroscopic physics of how a surface and bulk material responds to a very high current under a short time, representative for current loads in pulsed-power components, with emphasis on materials modeling. These simulations were made using two hydrodynamic codes, ALEGRA and MACH2, in order to focus on the materials models themselves.

Cochrane, Kyle Robert (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Chantrenne, Sophie (SAIC, Albuquerque, NM); Mattsson, Thomas Kjell Rene; Faleev, Sergey V. (SNAMI Inc., AL)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The elasto-/hydro-dynamics of quasicrystals with 12- and 18-fold symmetries in some soft matters and mathematical solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observation recently of 12-fold quasicrystals in polymers, nanoparticle mixture and 12-fold and 18-fold quasicrystals in colloidal solutions are important events for the study of quasicrystals. To describe the mechanical behaviour we propose a new solid-liquid phase quasicrystal model for some soft matters including polymers and colloids. The so-called new solid-liquid phase, is a new phase model of anisotropic fluid, but different from liquid crystal phase, here the structure presents quasiperiodic symmetry. Based on the model, the elasticity, fluidity and viscosity of the material have been studied, the relevant mathematical theory has also been proposed. Some mathematical solutions of the theory are discussed.

Tian You Fan

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

116

Time-resolved THz studies of carrier dynamics in semiconductors, superconductors, and strongly-correlated electron materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Perhaps the most important aspect of contemporary condensed matter physics involves understanding strong Coulomb interactions between the large number of electrons in a solid. Electronic correlations lead to the emergence of new system properties, such as metal-insulator transitions, superconductivity, magneto-resistance, Bose-Einstein condensation, the formation of excitonic gases, or the integer and fractional Quantum Hall effects. The discovery of high-Tc superconductivity in particular was a watershed event, leading to dramatic experimental and theoretical advances in the field of correlated-electron systems. Such materials often exhibit competition between the charge, lattice, spin, and orbital degrees of freedom, whose cause-effect relationships are difficult to ascertain. Experimental insight into the properties of solids is traditionally obtained by time-averaged probes, which measure e.g., linear optical spectra, electrical conduction properties, or the occupied band structure in thermal equilibrium. Many novel physical properties arise from excitations out of the ground state into energetically higher states by thermal, optical, or electrical means. This leads to fundamental interactions between the system's constituents, such as electron-phonon and electron-electron interactions, which occur on ultrafast timescales. While these interactions underlie the physical properties of solids, they are often only indirectly inferred from time-averaged measurements. Time-resolved spectroscopy, consequently, is playing an ever increasing role to provide insight into light-matter interaction, microscopic processes, or cause-effect relationships that determine the physics of complex materials. In the past, experiments using visible and near-infrared femtosecond pulses have been extensively employed, e.g. to follow relaxation and dephasing processes in metals and semiconductors. However, many basic excitations in strongly-correlated electron systems and nanoscale materials occur at lower energies. The terahertz (THz) regime is particularly rich in such fundamental resonances. This includes ubiquitous lattice vibrations and low-energy collective oscillations of conduction charges. In nanoscale materials, band structure quantization also yields novel infrared and THz transitions, including intersubband absorption in quantum wells. The formation of excitons in turn leads to low-energy excitations analogous to inter-level transitions in atoms. In transition-metal oxides, fundamental excitation gaps arise from charge pairing into superconducting condensates and other correlated states. This motivates the use of ultrafast THz spectroscopy as a powerful tool to study light-matter interactions and microscopic processes in nanoscale and correlated-electron materials.A distinct advantage of coherent THz pulses is that the amplitude and phase of the electric field can be measured directly, as the THz fields are coherent with the fs pulses from which they are generated. Using THz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS), both the real and imaginary parts of the response functions (such as the dielectric function) are obtained directly without the need for Kramers?Kronig transforms. The THz response can also be expressed in terms of absorption and refractive index, or as the optical conductivity. The optical conductivity describes the current response of a many-body system to an electric field, an ideal tool to study conducting systems. A second important advantage is the ultrafast time resolution that results from the short temporal duration of the THz time-domain sources. In particular, optical-pump THz-probe spectroscopy enables a delicate probe of the transient THz conductivity after optical photoexcitation. These experiments can provide insight into quasiparticle interactions, phase transitions, or nonequilibrium dynamics. In this chapter we will provide many such examples. Since THz spectroscopy of solids is a quickly expanding field

Kaindl, Robert A.; Averitt, Richard D.

2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

117

Finite Element Solution of the Self-Adjoint Angular Flux Equation for Coupled Electron-Photon Transport  

SciTech Connect

A novel approach is proposed for charged particle transport calculations using a recently developed second-order, self-adjoint angular flux (SAAF) form of the Boltzmann transport equation with continuous slowing-down. A finite element discretization that is linear continuous in space and linear discontinuous (LD) in energy is described and implemented in a one-dimensional, planar geometry, multigroup, discrete ordinates code for charged particle transport. The cross-section generating code CEPXS is used to generate the electron and photon transport cross sections employed in this code. The discrete ordinates SAAF transport equation is solved using source iteration in conjunction with an inner iteration acceleration scheme and an outer iteration acceleration scheme. Outer iterations are required with the LD energy discretization scheme because the two angular flux unknowns within each group are coupled, which gives rise to effective upscattering. The inner iteration convergence is accelerated using diffusion synthetic acceleration, and the outer iteration convergence is accelerated using a diamond difference approximation to the LD energy discretization. Computational results are given that demonstrate the effectiveness of our convergence acceleration schemes and the accuracy of our discretized SAAF equation.

Liscum-Powell, Jennifer L. [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Prinja, Anil B. [University of New Mexico (United States); Morel, Jim E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (United States); Lorence, Leonard J Jr. [Sandia National Laboratories (United States)

2002-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

Instrumentation and Beam Dynamics Study of Advanced Electron-Photon Facility in Indiana University  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced eLectron-PHoton fAcility (ALPHA) is a compact electron accelerator under construction and being commissioned at the Indiana University Center for Exploration of Energy and Matter (CEEM). In this thesis, we have studied the refurbished Cooler Injector Synchrotron (CIS) RF cavity using both the transmission line model and SUPERFISH simulation. Both low power and high power RF measurements have been carried out to characterize the cavity. Considering the performance limit of ferrite, we have designed a new ferrite loaded, co-axial quarter wave like cavity with similar structure but a more suitable ferrite material. We have also designed a traveling wave stripline kicker for fast extraction by POISSON and Microwave Studio. The strips geometry is trimmed to maximize the uniformity of the kicking field and match the impedance of the power cables. The time response simulation shows the kicker is fast enough for machine operation. The pulsed power supply requirement has also been specified. For the beam diagnosis in the longitudinal direction, we use a wideband Wall Gap Monitor (WGM) served in CIS. With proper shielding and amplification to get good WGM signal, we have characterized the injected and extracted beam signal in single pass commissioning, and also verified the debunching effect of the ALPHA storage ring. A modulation-demodulation signal processing method is developed to measure the current and longitudinal profile of injected beam. By scanning the dipole strength in the injection line, we have reconstructed the tomography of the longitudinal phase space of the LINAC beam. In the accumulation mode, ALPHA will be operated under a low energy and high current condition, where intra beam scattering (IBS) becomes a dominant effect on the beam emittance. A self consistent simulation, including IBS effect, gas scattering and linear coupling, has been carried out to calculate the emittance of the stored beam.

Luo, Tianhuan; /Indiana U.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Aggregation behavior of hexaoxyethyleneglycol myristate and hexaoxyethyleneglycol mono (1-methyltridecane) ether and dynamics of their micelles in aqueous solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The title surfactants have similar critical micelle concentrations and cloud temperatures. Their micellar solutions have been investigated by time resolved fluorescence quenching in the range 2--25 c. The micelle aggregation numbers of both surfactants do not differ much, and increase with temperature. Aggregation numbers are large, suggesting anisotropic micelles, and the results show that the micelles are polydisperse. Fast intermicellar exchange of material becomes detectable on the fluorescence timescale ([approximately]1 [mu]s) above T [approx] 10 C, i.e., some 35--40 C below the cloud temperature of the solution. This exchange probably occurs via micelle collisions with temporary merging. Overall the behavior of these two surfactants is very similar to that of the other ethoxylated nonionic surfactants previously examined.

Alami, E.; Zana, R. (Inst. Charles Sadron, Strasbourg (France)); Van Os, N.M.; Jong, B. de; Kerkhof, F.J.M. (Koninklijke/Shell Lab., Amsterdam, (Netherlands)); Rupert, L.A.M. (Thornton Research Centre, Chester, (United Kingdom))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

A B-Spline-Based Colocation Method to Approximate the Solutions to the Equations of Fluid Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The potential of a B-spline collocation method for numerically solving the equations of fluid dynamics is discussed. It is known that B-splines can resolve curves with drastically fewer data than can their standard shape function counterparts. This feature promises to allow much faster numerical simulations of fluid flow than standard finite volume/finite element methods without sacrificing accuracy. An example channel flow problem is solved using the method.

Johnson, Richard Wayne; Landon, Mark Dee

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A B-Spline-Based Colocation Method to Approximate the Solutions to the Equations of Fluid Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The potential of a B-spline collocation method for numerically solving the equations of fluid dynamics is discussed. It is known that B-splines can resolve complex curves with drastically fewer data than can their standard shape function counterparts. This feature promises to allow much faster numerical simulations of fluid flow than standard finite volume/finite element methods without sacrificing accuracy. An example channel flow problem is solved using the method.

M. D. Landon; R. W. Johnson

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydration Hydration Water on Rutile Studied by Backscattering Neutron Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulation E. Mamontov,* ,† D. J. Wesolowski, ‡ L. Vlcek, § P. T. Cummings, §,| J. Rosenqvist, ‡ W. Wang, ⊥ and D. R. Cole ‡ Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6473, Chemical Sciences DiVision, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6110, Department of Chemical Engineering, Vanderbilt UniVersity, NashVille, Tennessee 37235-1604, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6496, and EnVironmental Sciences DiVision, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6036 ReceiVed: December 20, 2007; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed: June 4, 2008 The high energy resolution, coupled with the wide dynamic range, of the new backscattering

123

Molecular dynamics simulation of electron transfer in proteins. Theory and application to Q sub A yields Q sub B transfer in the photosynthetic reaction center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electron transfer (ET) from the primary menaquinone Q{sub A} to the secondary ubiquinone Q{sub B}, i.e., Q{sub A}{sup {minus}}Q{sub B} {yields} Q{sub A}Q{sub B}{sup {minus}}, in the photosynthetic reaction center of Rhodopseudomonas viridis has been simulated by using the method of molecular dynamics accounting for the classical motion of a protein's nuclear degrees of freedom, the redistribution of charge accompanying electron transfer being described quantum chemically. We outline the role of classical nuclear degrees of freedom in electron transfer, identifying the essential dynamic properties that should be determined from molecular dynamics simulations in order to characterize electron transfer. These quantities, all related to the energy difference {Delta}E(t) = E{sub p}(t) - E{sub R}O(t) of virtual forward (electron tries to jump forward before ET) and backward (electron tries to jump backward after ET) electron transfer, R and P denoting the states Q{sub A}{sup {minus}}Q{sub B} and Q{sub A}Q{sub B}{sup {minus}}, respectively, are as follows: the variance of {Delta}E(t) and the average value of {Delta}E(t) before and after transfer, i.e., {Sigma}{sub R} (6.9 kcal/mol), {sub R} (22 kcal/mol) and {Sigma}{sub p} (8.8 kcal/mol), {sub p} ({minus}25 kcal/mol), respectively; the relaxation time of the energy-energy correlation function {sub R})({Delta}E(0) - {sub R})>{sub R} (120 fs); the time describing the relaxation of {Delta}E(t) from an average value {sub R} to an average value {sub p} immediately after electron transfer (200 fs). The quantities in brackets are the respective simulation results.

Nonella, M.; Schulten, K. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (USA))

1991-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

124

Injection of Electrons and Holes into Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Injection of Electrons and Holes into Nanostructures Injection of Electrons and Holes into Nanostructures This program targets fundamental understanding of nanoscale charge transfer processes. The proposed work draws on the strengths of the Brookhaven Chemistry Department in the areas of electron transfer experiment and theory, and extends the area of inquiry to nanoscale processes. Electron/hole injection into a wire, a nanocrystal, a nanotube or other nanostructure in solution may be brought about by light absorption, by an electron pulse (pulse radiolysis, LEAF), by a chemical reagent, or through an electrode. These processes are being studied by transient methods by following conductivity, current, but most generally, spectroscopic changes in the solutions to determine the dynamics of charge injection. The observed transient spectra can also provide values for electron-transfer coupling elements and energetics. Theoretical/computational studies can help in materials design and in the interpretation of the experimental results. The experimental systems being examined include molecular wires and metal nanoclusters.

125

THE DYNAMICS OF MERGING CLUSTERS: A MONTE CARLO SOLUTION APPLIED TO THE BULLET AND MUSKET BALL CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

Merging galaxy clusters have become one of the most important probes of dark matter, providing evidence for dark matter over modified gravity and even constraints on the dark matter self-interaction cross-section. To properly constrain the dark matter cross-section it is necessary to understand the dynamics of the merger, as the inferred cross-section is a function of both the velocity of the collision and the observed time since collision. While the best understanding of merging system dynamics comes from N-body simulations, these are computationally intensive and often explore only a limited volume of the merger phase space allowed by observed parameter uncertainty. Simple analytic models exist but the assumptions of these methods invalidate their results near the collision time, plus error propagation of the highly correlated merger parameters is unfeasible. To address these weaknesses I develop a Monte Carlo method to discern the properties of dissociative mergers and propagate the uncertainty of the measured cluster parameters in an accurate and Bayesian manner. I introduce this method, verify it against an existing hydrodynamic N-body simulation, and apply it to two known dissociative mergers: 1ES 0657-558 (Bullet Cluster) and DLSCL J0916.2+2951 (Musket Ball Cluster). I find that this method surpasses existing analytic models-providing accurate (10% level) dynamic parameter and uncertainty estimates throughout the merger history. This, coupled with minimal required a priori information (subcluster mass, redshift, and projected separation) and relatively fast computation ({approx}6 CPU hours), makes this method ideal for large samples of dissociative merging clusters.

Dawson, William A., E-mail: wadawson@ucdavis.edu [Physics Department, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Effect of pulse error accumulation on dynamical decoupling of the electron spins of phosphorus donors in silicon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamical decoupling (DD) is an efficient tool for preserving quantum coherence in solid-state spin systems. However, the imperfections of real pulses can ruin the performance of long DD sequences. We investigate the accumulation and compensation of different pulse errors in DD using the electron spins of phosphorus donors in silicon as a test system. We study periodic DD sequences (PDD) based on spin rotations about two perpendicular axes, and their concatenated and symmetrized versions. We show that pulse errors may quickly destroy some spin states, but maintain other states with high fidelity over long times. Pulse sequences based on spin rotations about $x$ and $y$ axes outperform those based on $x$ and $z$ axes due to the accumulation of pulse errors. Concatenation provides an efficient way to suppress the impact of pulse errors, and can maintain high fidelity for all spin components: pulse errors do not accumulate (to first order) as the concatenation level increases, despite the exponential increase in the number of pulses. Our theoretical model gives a clear qualitative picture of the error accumulation, and produces results in quantitative agreement with the experiments.

Zhi-Hui Wang; Wenxian Zhang; A. M. Tyryshkin; S. A. Lyon; J. W. Ager; E. E. Haller; V. V. Dobrovitski

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

127

SOLUTION-PROCESSED INORGANIC ELECTRONICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications with low voltage requirements which do not needvoltage and time in the context of application requirements.voltage of 5 V, and oxide thickness of 100 nm, mobility requirements

Bakhishev, Teymur

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

SOLUTION-PROCESSED INORGANIC ELECTRONICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and dissolution of filaments[111]. The KCM method considersmethod is claimed to produce high-yield films, there is an obvious processing complication involving the transfer and dissolution

Bakhishev, Teymur

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

SOLUTION-PROCESSED INORGANIC ELECTRONICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

magnetron sputtered indium-tin-oxide on plastic substrate,”and A. K. -Y. Jen, “Indium tin oxide-free semi-transparentelectrodes, usually indium tin oxide (ITO). Application of

Bakhishev, Teymur

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. XX, NO. XX, FEBRUARY 2013 1 The Optimized String Dynamic Photovoltaic Array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Photovoltaic Array Jonathan Storey, Peter R. Wilson, Senior Member, IEEE, and Darren Bagnall Abstract--This paper presents a novel system for producing the optimum power output from photovoltaic arrays using dynamic cell reconfiguration. The proposed approach is the first in the literature

131

Simulation of dynamics of radiation belt electrons during geomagnetic storms driven by high speed solar wind streams.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Satellite observations have shown that fluxes of relativistic electrons in the earth's radiation belts can vary by orders of magnitude during periods of high solar… (more)

Yu, Bin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Effect of self-magnetic fields on the nonlinear dynamics of relativistic electron beam with virtual cathode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report is devoted to the results of the numerical study of the virtual cathode (VC) formation conditions in the relativistic electron beam (REB) under the influence of the self-magnetic and external axial magnetic fields. The azimuthal instability of the relativistic electron beam leading to the formation of the vortex electron structure in the system was found out. This instability is determined by the influence of the self-magnetic fields of the relativistic electron beam, and it leads to the decrease of the critical value of the electron beam current (current when the non-stationary virtual cathode is formed in the drift space). The typical dependencies of the critical current on the external uniform magnetic field value were discovered. The effect of the beam thickness on the virtual cathode formation conditions was also analyzed.

Hramov, A. E.; Koronovskii, A. A. [Saratov State University, Astrakhanskaja 83, Saratov 410012, Russia Saratov State Technical University, Politechnicheskaja 77, Saratov 410028 (Russian Federation); Kurkin, S. A. [Saratov State University, Astrakhanskaja 83, Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation); Filatova, A. E. [Saratov State Technical University, Politechnicheskaja 77, Saratov 410028 (Russian Federation)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

NIST Photovoltaic carrier dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... carrier dynamics in novel electronic photovoltaic materials being considered and developed for future solar cell and energy capture applications. ...

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Design of a superconducting linear accelerator for an Infrared Free Electron Laser of the proposed Chemical Dynamics Research Laboratory at LBL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accelerator complex has recently been designed at LBL as part of an Infrared Free Electron Laser facility in support of a proposed Chemical Dynamics Research Laboratory. We will outline the choice of parameters and design philosophy, which are strongly driven by the demand of reliable and spectrally stable operation of the FEL for very special scientific experiments. The design is based on a 500 MHz recirculating superconducting electron linac with highest energy reach of about 60 MeV. The accelerator is injected with beams prepared by a specially designed gun-buncher system and incorporates a near-isochronous and achromatic recirculation line tunable over a wide range of beam energies. The stability issues considered to arrive at the specific design will be outlined.

Chattopadhyay, S.; Byrns, R.; Donahue, R.; Edighoffer, J.; Gough, R.; Hoyer, E.; Kim, K.J.; Leemans, W.; Staples, J.; Taylor, B.; Xie, M.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Analysis of solar neutrino problem by means of Nötzold and Nakagawa's approach including the interference term- Hyperbolic-tangent profile for electron density in the sun and exact solution -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using an exact solution with the hyperbolic-tangent profile for the electron density in the sun, which is developed by N\\"{o}tzold and later modified by Nakagawa, we have analyzed the solar neutrino problem. An interference term in their approach is correctly taken into account. Combining the hyperbolic-tangent profile with the BP2000, we obtain a phenomenological fitting in the analytic form. Combining recent observed results for survival probability $P(\

Masahiro Kaneyama; Minoru Biyajima

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

136

Time-dependent restricted-active-space self-consistent field theory for laser-driven many-electron dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the time-dependent restricted-active-space self-consistent field (TD-RASSCF) theory as a new framework for the time-dependent many-electron problem. The theory generalizes the multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) theory by incorporating the restricted-active-space scheme well known in time-independent quantum chemistry. Optimization of the orbitals as well as the expansion coefficients at each time step makes it possible to construct the wave function accurately while using only a relatively small number of electronic configurations. In numerical calculations of high-order harmonic generation spectra of a one-dimensional model of atomic beryllium interacting with a strong laser pulse, the TD-RASSCF method is reasonably accurate while largely reducing the computational complexity. The TD-RASSCF method has the potential to treat large atoms and molecules beyond the capability of the MCTDHF method.

Miyagi, Haruhide

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Defect microstructural evolution in ion irradiated metallic nanofoils: Kinetic Monte Carlo simulation versus cluster dynamics modeling and in situ transmission electron microscopy experiments  

SciTech Connect

Understanding materials degradation under intense irradiation is important for the development of next generation nuclear power plants. Here we demonstrate that defect microstructural evolution in molybdenum nanofoils in situ irradiated and observed on a transmission electron microscope can be reproduced with high fidelity using an object kinetic Monte Carlo (OKMC) simulation technique. Main characteristics of defect evolution predicted by OKMC, namely, defect density and size distribution as functions of foil thickness, ion fluence and flux, are in excellent agreement with those obtained from the in situ experiments and from previous continuum-based cluster dynamics modeling. The combination of advanced in situ experiments and high performance computer simulation/modeling is a unique tool to validate physical assumptions/mechanisms regarding materials response to irradiation, and to achieve the predictive power for materials stability and safety in nuclear facilities.

Xu Donghua; Wirth, Brian D. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Li Meimei [Division of Nuclear Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Kirk, Marquis A. [Division of Materials Science, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2012-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

138

Random walk approach to spin dynamics in a two-dimensional electron gas with spin-orbit coupling  

SciTech Connect

We introduce and solve a semiclassical random walk (RW) model that describes the dynamics of spin polarization waves in zinc-blende semiconductor quantum wells. We derive the dispersion relations for these waves, including the Rashba, linear and cubic Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions, as well as the effects of an electric field applied parallel to the spin polarization wave vector. In agreement with calculations based on quantum kinetic theory [P. Kleinert and V. V. Bryksin, Phys. Rev. B 76, 205326 (2007)], the RW approach predicts that spin waves acquire a phase velocity in the presence of the field that crosses zero at a nonzero wave vector, q{sub 0}. In addition, we show that the spin-wave decay rate is independent of field at q{sub 0} but increases as (q-q{sub 0}){sup 2} for q {ne} q{sub 0}. These predictions can be tested experimentally by suitable transient spin grating experiments.

Yang, Luyi; Orenstein, J.; Lee, Dung-Hai

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

139

ELECTRON CYCLOTRON CURRENT DRIVE EFFICIENCY IN GENERAL TOKAMAK GEOMETRY  

SciTech Connect

Green's-function techniques are used to calculate electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD) efficiency in general tokamak geometry in the low-collisionality regime. Fully relativistic electron dynamics is employed in the theoretical formulation. The high-velocity collision model is used to model Coulomb collisions and a simplified quasi-linear rf diffusion operator describes wave-particle interactions. The approximate analytic solutions which are benchmarked with a widely used ECCD model, facilitate time-dependent simulations of tokamak operational scenarios using the non-inductive current drive of electron cyclotron waves.

LIN-LUI,Y.R; CHAN,V.S; PRATER,R

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Regular Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...The structure of a binary solid solution is shown schematically in Fig. 13. Three types of interatomic bonds

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Network simulation solutions for laminar radiating dissipative magneto-gas dynamic heat transfer over a wedge in non-Darcian porous regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the steady-state, magnetohydrodynamic, optically thick, dissipative gas boundary layer flow and heat transfer past a non-isothermal porous wedge embedded in a scattering, homogenous, isotropic Darcy-Forchheimer porous medium, with significant ... Keywords: Boundary layers, Hartmann number, Joule heating, Magneto-gas dynamics, Network simulation

JoaquíN Zueco; O. Anwar BéG

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electromarking solution  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is directed to an aqueous halogen-free electromarking solution which possesses the capacity for marking a broad spectrum of metals and alloys selected from different classes. The aqueous solution comprises basically the nitrate salt of an amphoteric metal, a chelating agent, and a corrosion-inhibiting agent.

Bullock, Jonathan S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Harper, William L. (Wartburg, TN); Peck, Charles G. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1976-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

143

Density functional theory study of the structural, electronic, lattice dynamical, and thermodynamic properties of Li4SiO4 and its capability for CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect

The structural, electronic, lattice dynamical, optical, thermodynamic, and CO{sub 2} capture properties of monoclinic and triclinic phases of Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} are investigated by combining density functional theory with phonon lattice dynamics calculations. We found that these two phases have some similarities in their bulk and thermodynamic properties. The calculated bulk modulus and the cohesive energies of these two phases are close to each other. Although both of them are insulators, the monoclinic phase of Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} has a direct band gap of 5.24 eV while the triclinic Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} phase has an indirect band gap of 4.98 eV. In both phases of Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4}, the s orbital of O mainly contributes to the lower-energy second valence band (VB{sub 2}) and the p orbitals contribute to the fist valence band (VB{sub 1}) and the conduction bands (CBs). The s orbital of Si mainly contributes to the lower portions of the VB1 and VB{sub 2}, and Si p orbitals mainly contribute to the higher portions of the VB{sub 1} and VB{sub 2}. The s and p orbitals of Li contribute to both VBs and to CBs, and Li p orbitals have a higher contribution than the Li s orbital. There is possibly a phonon soft mode existing in triclinic {gamma}-Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4}; in the monoclinic Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4}, there are three phonon soft modes, which correspond to the one type of Li disordered over a few sites. Their LO-TO splitting indicates that both phases of Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} are polar anisotropic materials. The calculated infrared absorption spectra for LO and TO modes are different for these two phases of Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4}. The calculated relationships of the chemical potential versus temperature and CO{sub 2} pressure for reaction of Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} with CO{sub 2} shows that Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} could be a good candidate for a high-temperature CO{sub 2} sorbent while used for postcombustion capture technology.

Duan, Yuhua; Parlinski, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Complex Crystallization Dynamics in Amorphous Germanium ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We used dynamic transmission electron microscopy [2] to study in situ this fast dynamics ... of Magnetism in Multiferroic Heterostructures and Low-power Devices ...

145

What is flexible electronics?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flexible electronics has recently attracted much attention because of their potential in providing cost-efficient solutions to large-area applications such as rollable displays and TVs, e-paper, smart sensors and transparent RFIDs. The key advantages ...

Kwang-Ting (Tim) Cheng; Tsung-Ching Huang

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Assistance Technical Assistance Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions to someone by E-mail Share State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Facebook Tweet about State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Twitter Bookmark State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Google Bookmark State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Delicious Rank State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Digg Find More places to share State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on AddThis.com... Strategic Energy Planning Energy Policies & Programs Financing Financing Overview Financing Program Market Segments Energy Data Management Energy Technologies

147

Ultrafast supercontinuum fiber-laser based pump-probe scanning MOKE microscope for the investigation of electron spin dynamics in semiconductors at cryogenic temperatures with picosecond time and micrometer spatial resolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a two-color pump-probe scanning magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) microscope which we have developed to investigate electron spin phenomena in semiconductors at cryogenic temperatures with picosecond time and micrometer spatial resolution. The key innovation of our microscope is the usage of an ultrafast `white light' supercontinuum fiber-laser source which provides access to the whole visible and near-infrared spectral range. Our Kerr microscope allows for the independent selection of the excitation and detection energy while avoiding the necessity to synchronize the pulse trains of two separate picosecond laser systems. The ability to independently tune the pump and probe wavelength enables the investigation of the influence of excitation energy on the optically induced electron spin dynamics in semiconductors. We demonstrate picosecond real-space imaging of the diffusive expansion of optically excited electron spin packets in a (110) GaAs quantum well sample to illustrate the capabilities of t...

Henn, T; Ossau, W; Molenkamp, L W; Biermann, K; Santos, P V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Theoretical study of intermolecular energy transfer involving electronically excited molecules: He(/sup 1/S) + H/sub 2/(B /sup 1/. sigma. /sub u//sup +/). [Solution for coupled channel equations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To further understanding of gas phase collision dynamics involving electronically-excited molecules, a fully quantum mechanical study of He + H/sub 2/(B /sup 1/..sigma../sub u//sup +/) was undertaken. Iterative natural orbital configuration interaction (CI) calculations were performed to obtain the interaction potential between He and H/sub 2/(B /sup 1/..sigma../sub u//sup +/). The potential energy surface (PES) is highly anisotropic and has a van der Waals well of about 0.03 eV for C/sub 2v/ approach. Avoided PES crossings occur with He + H/sub 2/(E,F /sup 1/..sigma../sub g//sup +/) and with He + H/sub 2/(X /sup 1/..sigma../sub g//sup +/) and cause a local maximum and a deep minimum in the He + H/sub 2/(B /sup 1/..sigma../sub u//sup +/) PES, respectively. The crossing with He + H/sub 2/(X /sup 1/..sigma../sub g//sup +/) provides a mechanism for fluorescence quenching. The computed CI energies were combined with previous multi-reference double excitation CI calculations and fit with analytic functions for convenience in scattering calculations. Accurate dipole polarizabilities and quadrupole moment of H/sub 2/(B /sup 1/..sigma../sub u//sup +/) were computed for use in the multipole expansion, which is the analytic form of the long-range PES. 129 refs., 28 figs., 35 tabs.

Grimes, R.M.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Management Solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEMO: Request for proposal for Computer-Aided Facilities and Maintenance Management application software; professional services; development services for interfaces to Financial Management and Human Resources systems; configuration, test, train, maintenance and support services to implement and maintain a CAFM Solution for the California Administrative Office of the Courts, the Trial Courts, the Appellate Courts and the Judicial Council, known as “The AOC Group.” You are invited to review and respond to the attached Request for Proposal (“RFP”):

Rfp Number Isdcafm

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A Radiation-Hard Dual Channel 4-bit Pipeline for a 12-bit 40 MS/s ADC Prototype with extended Dynamic Range for the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeter Readout Electronics Upgrade at the CERN LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of a radiation-hard dual channel 12-bit 40 MS/s pipeline ADC with extended dynamic range is presented, for use in the readout electronics upgrade for the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeters at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The design consists of two pipeline A/D channels with four Multiplying Digital-to-Analog Converters with nominal 12-bit resolution each. The design, fabricated in the IBM 130 nm CMOS process, shows a performance of 68 dB SNDR at 18 MHz for a single channel at 40 MS/s while consuming 55 mW/channel from a 2.5 V supply, and exhibits no performance degradation after irradiation. Various gain selection algorithms to achieve the extended dynamic range are implemented and tested.

Jayanth Kuppambatti; Jaroslav Ban; Timothy Andeen; Peter Kinget; Gustaaf Brooijmans

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

151

A Radiation-Hard Dual Channel 4-bit Pipeline for a 12-bit 40 MS/s ADC Prototype with extended Dynamic Range for the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeter Readout Electronics Upgrade at the CERN LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of a radiation-hard dual channel 12-bit 40 MS/s pipeline ADC with extended dynamic range is presented, for use in the readout electronics upgrade for the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeters at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The design consists of two pipeline A/D channels with four Multiplying Digital-to-Analog Converters with nominal 12-bit resolution each. The design, fabricated in the IBM 130 nm CMOS process, shows a performance of 68 dB SNDR at 18 MHz for a single channel at 40 MS/s while consuming 55 mW/channel from a 2.5 V supply, and exhibits no performance degradation after irradiation. Various gain selection algorithms to achieve the extended dynamic range are implemented and tested.

Kuppambatti, Jayanth; Andeen, Timothy; Kinget, Peter; Brooijmans, Gustaaf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Correlated exciton dynamics in semiconductor nanostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The absorption and dissipation of energy in semiconductor nanostructures are often determined by excited electron dynamics. In semiconductors, one fundamentally important electronic state is an exciton, an excited electron ...

Wen, Patrick, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Electron thermal effect on linear and nonlinear coupled Shukla-Varma and convective cell modes in dust-contaminated magnetoplasma  

SciTech Connect

Linear and nonlinear properties of coupled Shukla-Varma (SV) and convective cell modes in the presence of electron thermal effects are studied in a nonuniform magnetoplasma composed of electrons, ions, and extremely massive and negatively charged immobile dust grains. In the linear case, the modified dispersion relation is given and, in the nonlinear case, stationary solutions of the nonlinear equations that govern the dynamics of coupled SV and convective cell modes are obtained. It is found that electrostatic dipolar and vortex street type solutions can appear in such a plasma. The relevance of the present investigation with regard to the Earth's mesosphere as well as in ionospheric plasmas is also pointed out.

Masood, W. [TPPD, PINSTECH, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan and National Center for Physics (NCP), Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Mirza, Arshad M. [Department of Physics, Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Equilibrium and dynamics of ionic solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present work is motivated by the desire to understand the physical mechanism underlying the propagation of nervous influx in neurons as well as the modulation and summation of electrical signals during their progression ...

Anton, Mihai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Dynamic Scattering from Bimodal Polymer Solutions. 1. ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is known that M(t) can be expanded as G j ... good solvents; eg, XAA = 1.14 for polystyrene (M, = 8.87 ... A Coherent Super-Graphite 4-W argon ion laser ...

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

156

Accelerating Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solutions From vehicles on the road to the energy that powers them, Oak Ridge National Laboratory innovations are advancing American transportation. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is making an impact on everyday America by enhancing transportation choices and quality of life. Through strong collaborative partnerships with industry, ORNL research and development efforts are helping accelerate the deployment of a new generation of energy efficient vehicles powered by domestic, renewable, clean energy. EPA ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel rule ORNL and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory co-led a comprehensive research and test program to determine the effects of diesel fuel sulfur on emissions and emission control (catalyst) technology. In the course of this program, involving

157

Alloy solution hardening with solute pairs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solution hardened alloys are formed by using at least two solutes which form associated solute pairs in the solvent metal lattice. Copper containing equal atomic percentages of aluminum and palladium is an example.

Mitchell, John W. (Charlottesville, VA)

1976-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

158

Electron holography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... An electron hologram is a fringe modulated image containing the amplitude and phase information of an electron transparent object. ...

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

159

Power Electronics Symposium 2011 | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

expertise, technologies, and opportunities available through ORNL's Power Electronics and Electrical Power Systems Research Center (PEEPSRC) for creation of solutions to existing...

160

DYNAMICAL PROPERTIES OF s-d INTERACTION  

SciTech Connect

The dynamical propertics of two spin systems composed of conduction electron spins and localized d-spins interacting by exchange are investigated in connection with the electron-spin resonance of d-spins with the free electron g- value. It seems that some basic considerations are necessary for the problem along the line of the widely accepted idea thai the s-d interaction itself does not lead to any relaxation time and shift. The usual adiahatic approximation is applied to this idea. A modified damping equation of the Bloch type as well as Bloch's relaxation theory arc also useful, but these are not enough for a complete solution of the problem. A certain controversy involved in recent experimental and theoretical work at Berkeley concerning the electron spin resonance in Cu-Mu dilute alloy is pointed out and examined. It appears that the possibility could not be eliminated that the spin-lattice relaxation time of conduction electrons in the alloy due to mechanisms other than the s-d interaction is longer than previous authors have assumed. (auth)

Hasegawa, H.

1959-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

SMUD's Residential Summer Solutions Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SMUD's Residential Summer Solutions Study SMUD's Residential Summer Solutions Study Speaker(s): Karen Herter Date: August 26, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page In 2009, the DRRC and SMUD teamed up to test the use of dynamic pricing and communicating thermostats in the small commercial sector. The final results showed summer energy savings of 20%, event impacts of 14%, and bill savings of 25%. In 2011, the same team will conduct a similar study involving residential customers with interval meters. The study is designed to inform the transition to the Sacramento smart grid through experimentation with real-time energy use data and communicating thermostats, both with and without dynamic pricing. Three randomly chosen groups of residential customers were offered one of three equipment configuration treatments: (a)

162

Visualizing Macromolecular Complexes with In Situ Liquid Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy  

SciTech Connect

A central focus of biological research is understanding the structure/function relationship of macromolecular protein complexes. Yet conventional transmission electron microscopy techniques are limited to static observations. Here we present the first direct images of purified macromolecular protein complexes using in situ liquid scanning transmission electron microscopy. Our results establish the capability of this technique for visualizing the interface between biology and nanotechnology with high fidelity while also probing the interactions of biomolecules within solution. This method represents an important advancement towards allowing future high-resolution observations of biological processes and conformational dynamics in real-time.

Evans, James E.; Jungjohann, K. L.; Wong, Peony C. K.; Chiu, Po-Lin; Dutrow, Gavin H.; Arslan, Ilke; Browning, Nigel D.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Gas dynamic aspects of silicon thin layers deposition using excitation of a free jet of the working gas mixture by an electron beam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A film of microcrystalline silicon ({mu}c-Si:H) deposited at low temperature is a promising material for thin-film silicon solar cells with high efficiency and high stability. To deposit silicon thin films with high deposition rate and high quality, a novel gas-jet deposition method has been developed. The paper is devoted to experimental and numerical study of the method from the gas dynamic point of view. A numerical model of the flow field of the working gas mixture in the device was developed that provides predictions of the film thickness distribution over the substrate surface and was found to describe the measured data satisfactory. The model may be used to optimize the operating parameters of the device.

Skovorodko, P. A.; Sharafutdinov, R. G.; Shchukin, V. G.; Konstantinov, V. O. [CJSC Institute of Plasma Chemical Technologies, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation) and Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

164

Introduction to Accelerated Molecular Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Molecular Dynamics is the numerical solution of the equations of motion of a set of atoms, given an interatomic potential V and some boundary and initial conditions. Molecular Dynamics is the largest scale model that gives unbiased dynamics [x(t),p(t)] in full atomistic detail. Molecular Dynamics: is simple; is 'exact' for classical dynamics (with respect to a given V); can be used to compute any (atomistic) thermodynamical or dynamical properties; naturally handles complexity -- the system does the right thing at the right time. The physics derives only from the interatomic potential.

Perez, Danny [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

165

Introduction to Accelerated Molecular Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Molecular Dynamics is the numerical solution of the equations of motion of a set of atoms, given an interatomic potential V and some boundary and initial conditions. Molecular Dynamics is the largest scale model that gives unbiased dynamics [x(t),p(t)] in full atomistic detail. Molecular Dynamics: is simple; is 'exact' for classical dynamics (with respect to a given V); can be used to compute any (atomistic) thermodynamical or dynamical properties; naturally handles complexity -- the system does the right thing at the right time. The physics derives only from the interatomic potential.

Perez, Danny [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

166

Metadata driven memory optimizations in dynamic binary translator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic binary translator offers solutions for translating and running source architecture binaries on target architecture at runtime. Regardless of its growing popularity, practical dynamic binary translators usually suffer from the limited optimizations ... Keywords: dynamic binary translator, memory optimizations, metadata

Chaohao Xu; Jianhui Li; Tao Bao; Yun Wang; Bo Huang

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Hole burning with pressure and electric field: A window on the electronic structure and energy transfer dynamics of bacterial antenna complexes  

SciTech Connect

Light-harvesting (LH) complexes of cyclic (C{sub n}) symmetry from photosynthetic bacteria are studied using absorption and high pressure- and Stark-hole burning spectroscopies. The B800 absorption band of LH2 is inhomogeneously broadened while the B850 band of LH2 and the B875 band of the LH1 complex exhibit significant homogeneous broadening due to ultra-fast inter-exciton level relaxation. The B800{r_arrow}B850 energy transfer rate of ({approximately}2 ps){sup {minus}1} as determined by hole burning and femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopies, is weakly dependent on pressure and temperature, both of which significantly affect the B800-B850 energy gap. The resilience is theoretically explained in terms of a modified Foerster theory with the spectral overlap provided by the B800 fluorescence origin band and weak vibronic absorption bands of B850. Possible explanations for the additional sub-picosecond relaxation channel of B800 observed with excitation on the blue side of B800 are given. Data from pressure and temperature dependent studies show that the B800 and B850 bacteriochlorophyll a (BChl a) molecules are weakly and strongly excitonically coupled, respectively, which is consistent with the X-ray structure of LH2. The B875 BChl a molecules are also strongly coupled. It is concluded that electron-exchange, in addition to electrostatic interactions, is important for understanding the strong coupling of the B850 and B875 rings. The large linear pressure shifts of {approximately}{minus}0.6 cm{sup {minus}1}/MPa associated with B850 and B875 can serve as important benchmarks for electronic structure calculations.

Wu, H.M.

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

168

Electron Microprobe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electron Microprobe. ... The JEOL JXA-8600 is a conventional hairpin filament thermal emission electron microprobe that is more than 20 years old. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Weak Solutions for Dislocation Type Equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe recent results obtained by G. Barles, P. Cardaliaguet, R. Monneau and the author recently. They are concerned with nonlocal Eikonal equations arising in the study of the dynamics of dislocation lines in crystals. These equations are nonlocal but also non monotone. We use a notion of weak solution to provide solutions for all time. Then, we discuss the link between these weak solutions and the classical viscosity solutions, and state some uniqueness results in particular cases. A counter-example to uniqueness is given.

Ley, Olivier

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Langevin molecular dynamics derived from Ehrenfest dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stochastic Langevin molecular dynamics for nuclei is derived from the Ehrenfest Hamiltonian system (also called quantum classical molecular dynamics) in a Kac-Zwanzig setting, with the initial data for the electrons stochastically perturbed from the ground state and the ratio, $M$, of nuclei and electron mass tending to infinity. The Ehrenfest nuclei dynamics is approximated by the Langevin dynamics with accuracy $o(M^{-1/2})$ on bounded time intervals and by $o(1)$ on unbounded time intervals, which makes the small $\\mathcal{O}(M^{-1/2})$ friction and $o(M^{-1/2})$ diffusion terms visible. The initial electron probability distribution is a Gibbs density at low temperture, derived by a stability and consistency argument: starting with any equilibrium measure of the Ehrenfest Hamiltonian system, the initial electron distribution is sampled from the equilibrium measure conditioned on the nuclei positions, which after long time leads to the nuclei positions in a Gibbs distribution (i.e. asymptotic stability); by consistency the original equilibrium measure is then a Gibbs measure.The diffusion and friction coefficients in the Langevin equation satisfy the Einstein's fluctuation-dissipation relation.

Anders Szepessy

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

171

Generalized dilaton-Maxwell cosmic string and wall solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The class of static solutions found by Gibbons and Wells for dilaton-electrodynamics in flat spacetime, which describe nontopological strings and walls that trap magnetic flux, is extended to a class of dynamical solutions supporting arbitrarily large, nondissipative traveling waves, using techniques previously applied to global and local topological defects. These solutions can then be used in conjunction with S-duality to obtain more general solitonic solutions for various axidilaton-Maxwell theories. As an example, a set of dynamical solutions is found for axion, dilaton, and Maxwell fields in low energy heterotic string theory using the SL(2,R) invariance of the equations of motion.

John Morris

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

Periodic solution of single population models on time scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By using the calculus on time scales, we study and establish criterion for the existence of periodic solutions of some scalar dynamical equations on time scales. The existence of periodic solutions for some concrete well-known single population models ... Keywords: Coincidence degree theory, Logistic equations, Periodic solutions, Time scales

Jimin Zhang; Meng Fan; Huaiping Zhu

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Cylindrical ion-acoustic solitary waves in electronegative plasmas with superthermal electrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By using the standard reductive perturbation technique, a three-dimensional cylindrical Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation (CKPE), which governs the dynamics of ion acoustic solitary waves (IASWs), is derived for small but finite amplitude ion-acoustic waves in cylindrical geometry in a collisionless unmagnetized plasma with kappa distributed electrons, thermal positrons, and cold ions. The generalized expansion method is used to solve analytically the CKPE. The existence regions of localized pulses are investigated. It is found that the solution of the CKPE supports only compressive solitary waves. Furthermore, the effects of superthermal electrons, the ratio of the electron temperature to positron temperature, the ratio of the positron density to electron density and direction cosine of the wave propagation on the profiles of the amplitudes, and widths of the solitary structures are examined numerically. It is shown these parameters play a vital role in the formation of ion acoustic solitary waves.

Eslami, Parvin [Department of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mottaghizadeh, Marzieh [Department of Physics, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

EMSL: Science: Biological Interactions and Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Interactions and Dynamics Cryo-transmission electron microscope image of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. Understanding and optimizing the response of organisms and...

175

El Paso Electric Company - Residential Solutions Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Solutions Program Residential Solutions Program El Paso Electric Company - Residential Solutions Program < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Residential Solutions Program: $425/kW saved Low-Income Solutions Program: $576/kW saved Provider El Paso Electric Company '''The El Paso Electric Residential Solutions Program funding has been expended in Texas for 2012. New funding will be available January 1, 2013. ''' The El Paso Electric Residential Solutions Program offers El Paso Electric

176

The anisotropic distribution of the interacting electrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The distribution function for a system of interacting electrons in metals is multivalent in a certain region of wave vectors. One solution among many is isotropic. For other solutions the distribution of electrons over the wave vectors is anisotropic. In the simplest case, the anisotropy arises as a result of the repulsion between electrons in states with the wave vectors $\\bf k$ and $-\\hh\\bf k$.

Boris Bondarev

2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

177

THz Dynamic Nuclear Polarization NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) increases the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy by using high frequency microwaves to transfer the polarization of the electrons to the nuclear spins. The ...

Nanni, Emilio Alessandro

178

ElectronicFabrication  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fabrication Fabrication Manufacturing Technologies Electronic Fabrication provides our cus- tomers solutions for the packaging design, production acceptable prototype fabrica- tion, or deliverable production fabrication. Capabilities * Final electronic product packaging from sketches and verbal instructions * Provide CAD drawing package after project completion if no formal prints are available * Complete system development and fab- rication through concurrent engineering * Concurrent engineering in prototype and production fabrication * Integrate commercial equipment into prototype system design * Implementation and modification of commercial equipment * Packaging of prototype into finalized product assembly Resources * Customer assistance from fabrication, to testing, to complete system installation

179

Electron Transfer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Pierre Kennepohl1,2 and Edward Solomon1* 1Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 Electron transfer, or the act of moving an electron from one place to another, is amongst the simplest of chemical processes, yet certainly one of the most critical. The process of efficiently and controllably moving electrons around is one of the primary regulation mechanisms in biology. Without stringent control of electrons in living organisms, life could simply not exist. For example, photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation (to name but two of the most well-known biochemical activities) are driven by electron transfer processes. It is unsurprising, therefore, that much effort has been placed on understanding the fundamental principles that control and define the simple act of adding and/or removing electrons from chemical species.

180

Application: Electronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application: Electronics. ... Suppression of Electrical Cable Fires: Development of a Standard PVC Cable Fire Test for ISO 14520-1.. Robin, ML ...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Vanishing electronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineers are reinventing electronics by building safe devices that dissolve in the body or within the environment. The technology could redefine everything from medicine to computing.

Samuel Greengard

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Swaging Problems and Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 5   Some swaging problems, potential causes, and possible solutions...causes Solutions Difficult feeding Work material too hard Anneal or stress relieve to remove effects of cold

183

High accuracy periodic solutions to the Sivashinsky equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this work is the accurate calculation of periodic solutions to the Sivashinsky equation, which models dynamics of the long wave instability of laminar premixed flame. A highly accurate computational algorithm was developed in both one and ...

V. Karlin; V. Maz'ya; G. Schmidt

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Temporal Accuracy of the Solution of Nonequilibrium Radiation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Accuracy of the Solution of Nonequilibrium Radiation Diffusion Equations V.A. Mousseau, * R.M. Rauenzahn, * D.A. Knoll * * Los Alamos National Laboratory, T-3, Fluid Dynamics, MS...

185

Perpendicular propagating electromagnetic envelope solitons in electron-positron-ion plasma  

SciTech Connect

The nonlinear amplitude modulation of electromagnetic waves propagating perpendicular to the direction of ambient magnetic field in a uniform collisionless magnetized electron-positron-ion plasma is studied. The Krylov-Bogoliubov-Mitropolsky perturbation method is employed to derive nonlinear Schroedinger equation, which describes the amplitude dynamics of perturbed magnetic field. The modulation instability criterion reveals that the low frequency mode is always stable, whereas the high frequency mode becomes modulationally unstable for certain ranges of wave number and positron-to-electron density ratio. Furthermore, the positron-to-electron density ratio as well as the strength of ambient magnetic field is found to have significant effect on the solitary wave solutions of the nonlinear Schroedinger equation, namely, dark and bright envelope solitons.

Jehan, Nusrat [Department of Physics, Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box 1114, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Salahuddin, M. [Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box 1114, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Mirza, Arshad M. [Department of Physics, Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Big Data Solutions Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Big Data Solutions Reference Glossary (14 pages) Very brief descriptions and links are listed here to provide starting ...

2013-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

187

Solutioning and Aging Behaviours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications: Solutioning and Aging Behaviours Sponsored by: The Minerals, Metals and ...

188

Solutioning and Aging Behaviors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aluminum Alloys: Development, Characterization and Applications: Solutioning and Aging Behaviors Sponsored by: TMS Light Metals Division, TMS: Aluminum

189

2012 WATER & AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE (GRC) AND GORDON RESEARCH SEMINAR (GRS), AUG 10-17, 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the fundamental principles governing the structure and dynamics of water - and particularly how water mediates chemical interactions and processes - continues to pose formidable challenges and yield abundant surprises. The focus of this Gordon Research Conference is on identifying key questions, describing emerging understandings, and unveiling surprising discoveries related to water and aqueous solutions. The talks and posters at this meeting will describe studies of water and its interactions with objects such as interfaces, channels, electrons, oils, ions, and proteins; probed using optical, electrical, and particle experiments, and described using classical, quantum, and multi-scale theories.

Dor Ben-Amotz, PI

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

190

Exact Solutions of Wind-Driven Coastal Upwelling and Downwelling over Sloping Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of wind-driven coastal upwelling and downwelling are studied using a simplified dynamical model. Exact solutions are examined as a function of time and over a family of sloping topographies. Assumptions in the two-dimensional model ...

P. F. Choboter; Dana Duke; J. P. Horton; Paul Sinz

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

f(R) cosmological solutions with varying speed of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider f(R) modified gravity theories for describing varying speed of light in a spatially flat FRW model, and find some exact solutions. Also we examine the dynamics of this model by dynamical system method assuming a LambdaCDM background and we find some exact solutions by considering the character of critical points of the theory in both formalisms. The behaviour of the speed of light is obtained.

Azam Izadi; Ali Shojai

2010-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

192

Electron reactions in nonpolar liquids: Pressure effects  

SciTech Connect

Theory predicts that electron energy levels in nonpolar molecular hydrocarbons should increase in energy with density/pressure increase, and therefore electron attachment rates in solution should change with pressure. Studies of pressure effect on electron mobility show that some contraction occurs around trapped electrons, but more contraction occurs around ions in hydrocarbons. After a brief discussion of pressure effects on electron energy levels and mobility, this paper reports studies of electron attachment reactions of N{sub 2}O, CO{sub 2}, and n-C{sub 5}F{sub 12} in tetramethylsilane, and of toluene, benzene, CO{sub 2}, and 1,3-butadiene in several solvents.

Holroyd, R.A.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Ligand Rearrangement Reactions of Cr(CO)6 in Alcohol Solutions:Experiment and Theory  

SciTech Connect

The ligand rearrangement reaction of Cr(CO)6 is studied in a series of alcohol solutions using ultrafast, infrared spectroscopy and Brownian dynamics simulations.

Shanoski, Jennifer E.; Glascoe, Elizabeth A.; Harris, Charles B.

2005-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

194

Solid-State Dynamic Nuclear Polarization at 263 GHz: Spectrometer Design and Experimental Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) experiments transfer polarization from electron spins to nuclear spins with microwave irradiation of the electron spins for enhanced sensitivity in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) ...

Rosay, Melanie

195

Design of semiconductor heterostructures with preset electron reflectance by inverse scattering techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the application of the inverse scattering method to the design of semiconductor heterostructures having a preset dependence of the (conduction) electrons' reflectance on the energy. The electron dynamics are described by either the effective mass Schr\\"odinger, or by the (variable mass) BenDaniel and Duke equations. The problem of phase (re)construction for the complex transmission and reflection coefficients is solved by a combination of Pad\\'e approximant techniques, obtaining reference solutions with simple analytic properties. Reflectance-preserving transformations allow bound state and reflection resonance management. The inverse scattering problem for the Schroedinger equation is solved using an algebraic approach due to Sabatier. This solution can be mapped unitarily onto a family of BenDaniel and Duke type equations. The boundary value problem for the nonlinear equation which determines the mapping is discussed in some detail. The chemical concentration profile of heterostructures whose self consistent potential yields the desired reflectance is solved completely in the case of Schroedinger dynamics and approximately for Ben-Daniel and Duke dynamics. The Appendix contains a brief digest of results from scattering and inverse scattering theory for the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation which are used in the paper.

Daniel Bessis; G. Andrei Mezincescu

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Influence of electron beam parameters on coherent electron cooling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coherent electron cooling (CeC) promises to revolutionize the cooling of high energy hadron beams. The intricate dynamics of the CeC depends both on the local density and energy distribution of the beam. The variations of the local density (beam current) are inevitable in any realistic beam. Hence, in this paper we propose a novel method of beam conditioning. The conditioning provides compensation of effect from such variation by a correlated energy modulation. We use our analytical FEL model for an electron bunch with Gaussian line charge density and cosine-type energy variation along bunch. We analyze the phase variation between the electron density modulation at the exit of the FEL-amplifier and the ions inducing it in the modulator as a function of the peak current and the electron beam energy. Based on this analysis, electron bunch parameters for optimal CeC cooling are found numerically.

Wang G.; Hao, Y.; Litvinenko, V.N.; Webb, S.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

197

Preserving digital media: towards a preservation solution evaluation metric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With an increasing amount of information being digitized or directly created and subsequently existing only electronically, and coupled with an ever increasing variety of file formats and integrated document functionalities, long-term preservation solutions ...

Carl Rauch; Andreas Rauber

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Oblique modulation of ion-acoustic waves and envelope solitons in electron-positron-ion plasma  

SciTech Connect

The effect of oblique modulation on the amplitude dynamics of ion-acoustic wave propagating in a collisionless electron-positron-ion plasma is investigated. Using Krylov-Bogoliubov-Mitropolsky (KBM) perturbation method, a nonlinear Schroedinger (NLS) equation is derived which governs the evolution of obliquely modulated ion-acoustic envelope excitations. It is found that the presence of positron component significantly modifies the stability domains for small angles of propagation with the direction of modulation. The stationary solutions of NLS equation, i.e., bright and dark envelope solitons, become narrower as the concentration of positron component increases.

Jehan, Nusrat [Department of Physics, Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box 1114, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Salahuddin, M. [Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box 1114, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Mirza, Arshad M. [Department of Physics, Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

Power Electronics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Power electronics (PE) play a critical role in transforming the current electric grid into the next-generation grid.  PE enable utilities to deliver power to their customers effectively while...

200

Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics The Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics Group is dedicated to developing and applying spectroscopic and theoretical tools to challenging problems in chemical physics related to reactivity, structure, dynamics and kinetics of transient species. Recent theoretical work has included advances in exact variational solution of vibrational quantum dynamics, suitable for up to five atoms in systems where large amplitude motion or multiple strongly coupled modes make simpler approximations inadequate. Other theoretical work, illustrated below, applied direct dynamics, quantum force trajectory calculations to investigate a series of reactions of the HOCO radical. The potential energy surface for the OH + CO/ H + CO2 reaction, showing two barriers (TS1 and TS2) and the deep HOCO well along the minimum energy pathway. The inset figure shows the experimental and calculated reactivity of HOCO with selected collision partners. See J.S. Francisco, J.T. Muckerman and H.-G. Yu, "HOCO radical chemistry,"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Including the Effects of Electronic Excitations and Electron-Phonon Coupling in Cascade Simulations  

SciTech Connect

Radiation damage has traditionally been modeled using cascade simulations however such simulations generally neglect the effects of electron-ion interactions, which may be significant in high energy cascades. A model has been developed which includes the effects of electronic stopping and electron-phonon coupling in Molecular Dynamics simulations by means of an inhomogeneous Langevin thermostat. The energy lost by the atoms to electronic excitations is gained by the electronic system and the energy evolution of the electronic system is modeled by the heat diffusion equation. Energy is exchanged between the electronic system and the atoms in the Molecular Dynamics simulation by means of a Langevin thermostat, the temperature of which is the local electronic temperature. The model is applied to a 10 keV cascade simulation for Fe. (authors)

Duffy, Dorothy [Physics and Astronomy, UCL, London (United Kingdom)]|[EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Rutherford, Alexis [Physics and Astronomy, UCL, London (United Kingdom)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Iterated dynamical maps in an ion trap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iterated dynamical maps offer an ideal setting to investigate quantum dynamical bifurcations and are well adapted to few-qubit quantum computer realisations. We show that a single trapped ion, subject to periodic impulsive forces, exhibits a rich structure of dynamical bifurcations derived from the Jahn-Teller Hamiltonian flow model. We show that the entanglement between the oscillator and electronic degrees of freedom reflects the underlying dynamical bifurcation in a Floquet eigenstate.

M. Duncan; J. Links; G. J. Milburn

2007-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

203

Entergy New Orleans - Small Commercial and Industrial Solutions Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Entergy New Orleans - Small Commercial and Industrial Solutions Entergy New Orleans - Small Commercial and Industrial Solutions Program Entergy New Orleans - Small Commercial and Industrial Solutions Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate $50,000 or full cost of upgrade Program Info Funding Source New Orleans City Council State Louisiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Assessment: Free Small Commercial Solutions Efficiency Improvements: $0.125 per kWh saved Large Commercial and Industrial Solutions Lighting Improvements: $0.10 per

204

Electrochemical Solution Growth  

chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) technology. The ions are delivered to a rotating seed crystal surface by way of the fluid dynamics imposed by

205

Innovative Financing Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AGENCY'S ENERGY STAR PROGRAM INNOVATIVE FINANCING SOLUTIONS: FINDING MONEY FOR YOUR ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECTS Are you having trouble getting energy efficiency projects...

206

Information Technology Solutions  

Information Technology Solutions Advantages LLNL and University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) have used nickel-chelating nanolipoprotein particles (Ni-NLPs) as a ...

207

Information Technology Solutions - Energy  

texturing process is a cost effective alternative that uses nontoxic materials. Information Technology Solutions ... United States Department of Energy’s National

208

Teknikem, A Division of RockinBoat LLC | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc., based in Belmont, California, uses Dynamic...

209

Borla Performance Industries, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc., based in Belmont, California, uses Dynamic...

210

Iowa Powder Atomization Technologies, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc., based in Belmont, California, uses Dynamic...

211

Solvent wash solution  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Process for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 volume percent of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

Neace, James C. (Blackville, SC)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Solvent wash solution  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is claimed for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 vol % of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

Neace, J.C.

1984-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

213

Dispersant solutions for dispersing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A dispersant solution includes a hydrocarbon dispersing solution derived from a bacterium from ATCC 75527, ATCC 75529, or ATCC 55638.

Tyndall, Richard L. (Clinton, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Thermodynamics of ATP in Solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermodynamics of ATP in Solution. Summary: ... Computations of the thermodynamics of biomolecules in solution are rare in the literature. ...

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

215

Surface Chemical Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface Chemical Dynamics Surface Chemical Dynamics The goal of the Surface Chemical Dynamics Program is to elucidate the underlying physical processes that determine the products (selectivity) and yield (efficiency) of chemical transformations relevant to energy-related chemistry on catalytic and nanostructured surfaces. Achieving this end requires understanding the evolution of the reactant-molecule/surface complex as molecules adsorb, bonds dissociate, surface species diffuse, new bonds form and products desorb. The pathways and time scales of these processes are ultimately determined by a multidimensional potential energy surface that is a function of the geometric and electronic structures of the surface and the reactant, product, intermediate and transition-state molecular and atomic species.

216

Electron tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron tube of the present invention includes: a vacuum vessel including a face plate portion made of synthetic silica and having a surface on which a photoelectric surface is provided, a stem portion arranged facing the photoelectric surface and made of synthetic silica, and a side tube portion having one end connected to the face plate portion and the other end connected to the stem portion and made of synthetic silica; a projection portion arranged in the vacuum vessel, extending from the stem portion toward the photoelectric surface, and made of synthetic silica; and an electron detector arranged on the projection portion, for detecting electrons from the photoelectric surface, and made of silicon.

Suyama, Motohiro (Hamamatsu, JP); Fukasawa, Atsuhito (Hamamatsu, JP); Arisaka, Katsushi (Los Angeles, CA); Wang, Hanguo (North Hills, CA)

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

217

Glossary Item - Electron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron An Electron Electrons are negatively charged particles that surround the atom's nucleus. Electrons were discovered by J. J. Thomson in 1897. Particle Data Symbol Mass...

218

Structural aspects of the solvation shell of lysine and acetylated lysine: A Car-Parrinello and classical molecular dynamics investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lysine acetylation is a post-translational modification, which modulates the affinity of protein-protein and/or protein-DNA complexes. Its crucial role as a switch in signaling pathways highlights the relevance of charged chemical groups in determining the interactions between water and biomolecules. A great effort has been recently devoted to assess the reliability of classical molecular dynamics simulations in describing the solvation properties of charged moieties. In the spirit of these investigations, we performed classical and Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations on lysine and acetylated-lysine in aqueous solution. A comparative analysis between the two computational schemes is presented with a focus on the first solvation shell of the charged groups. An accurate structural analysis unveils subtle, yet statistically significant, differences which are discussed in connection to the significant electronic density charge transfer occurring between the solute and the surrounding water molecules.

Carnevale, V. [Department of Chemistry, Center for Molecular Modeling, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19104-6323 (United States); Raugei, S. [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) and CNR-INFM Democritos, Via Beirut 2, Trieste I-34014 Italy, Trieste (Italy)

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

219

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : HVAC Solution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Solution Back to Tool Screenshot for HVAC Solution. Screenshot for HVAC Solution. Screenshot for HVAC Solution...

220

A Generic Dynamic Emulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In applied sciences, we often deal with deterministic simulation models that are too slow for simulation-intensive tasks such as calibration or real-time control. In this paper, an emulator for a generic dynamic model, given by a system of ordinary non-linear differential equations, is developed. The non-linear differential equations are linearized and Gaussian white noise is added to account for the non-linearities. The resulting linear stochastic system is conditioned on a set of solutions of the non-linear equations that have been calculated prior to the emulation. A path-integral approach is used to derive the Gaussian distribution of the emulated solution. The solution reveals that most of the computational burden can be shifted to the conditioning phase of the emulator and the complexity of the actual emulation step only scales like $\\mathcal O(Nnm^2)$, where $N$ is the number of time-points at which the solution is to be emulated, $n$ the number of solutions the emulator is conditioned on and $m$ the n...

Albert, Carlo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Integrating Security Solutions to Support nanoCMOS Electronics Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sinnott,R.O. Asenov,A. Bayliss,C. Davenhall,C. Doherty,T. Harbulot,B. Jones,M. Martin,D. Millar,C. Roy,G. Roy,S. Stewart,G. Watt,J. IEEE International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing Systems with Applications, Sydney Australia, December 2008.

Sinnott, R.O.

222

Electron Trapping by Molecular Vibration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Trapping by Molecular Vibration Print Electron Trapping by Molecular Vibration Print In photoelectron spectroscopy experiments performed at the ALS, a group of researchers has found that electronic transitions normally thought to be forbidden can in fact be excited in conjunction with certain types of molecular vibrations. Specifically, they found that when the symmetry of a linear triatomic molecule is broken by asymmetric vibrational modes, photoelectrons can become temporarily trapped by the molecule before ultimately escaping, giving rise to a broad feature in the photoelectron spectrum known as a shape resonance. This process represents a novel type of symmetry-breaking phenomenon that has not been observed previously but appears to be widespread. Such coupling between electronic motion and nuclear motion becomes increasingly important as scientists learn more about the geometry and dynamics of novel chemical structures such as those found in nanodevices and transient chemical species, and the results have implications for studies that use photoelectron spectroscopy as a diagnostic tool.

223

Electron Trapping by Molecular Vibration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Trapping by Molecular Vibration Print Electron Trapping by Molecular Vibration Print In photoelectron spectroscopy experiments performed at the ALS, a group of researchers has found that electronic transitions normally thought to be forbidden can in fact be excited in conjunction with certain types of molecular vibrations. Specifically, they found that when the symmetry of a linear triatomic molecule is broken by asymmetric vibrational modes, photoelectrons can become temporarily trapped by the molecule before ultimately escaping, giving rise to a broad feature in the photoelectron spectrum known as a shape resonance. This process represents a novel type of symmetry-breaking phenomenon that has not been observed previously but appears to be widespread. Such coupling between electronic motion and nuclear motion becomes increasingly important as scientists learn more about the geometry and dynamics of novel chemical structures such as those found in nanodevices and transient chemical species, and the results have implications for studies that use photoelectron spectroscopy as a diagnostic tool.

224

Dislocation Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2013 ... Recent Progress in Dislocation Dynamics: Sylvie Aubry1; Athanasios Arsenlis1; Wei Cai2; Steve Fitzgerald3; 1LLNL; 2Stanford University; ...

225

Nonaqueous solution synthesis process for preparing oxide powders of lead zirconate titanate and related materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for producing powders of perovskite-type compounds which comprises mixing a metal alkoxide solution with a lead acetate solution to form a homogeneous, clear metal solution, adding an oxalic acid/n-propanol solution to this metal solution to form an easily filterable, free-flowing precursor powder and then calcining this powder. This process provides fine perovskite-phase powders with ferroelectric properties which are particularly useful in a variety of electronic applications. 4 figs.

Voigt, J.A.; Sipola, D.L.; Tuttle, B.A.; Anderson, M.T.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Nonlinear longitudinal dynamics studies at the ALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dynamics studies at the ALS J. M. Byrd † , W-H Cheng, S.MV 4.5 mm Table 1: Nominal ALS longitudinal parameters. "in the Advanced Light Source (ALS), an electron storage ring

Byrd, J.M.; Cheng, W.-H.; De Santis, S.; Li, D.; Stupakov, G.; Zimmermann, F.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

ELECTRONIC MULTIPLIER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

S>An electronic multiplier is described for use in analog computers. Two electrical input signals are received; one controls the slope of a saw-tooth voltage wave while the other controls the time duration of the wave. A condenser and diode clamps are provided to sustain the crest voltage reached by the wave, and for storing that voltage to provide an output signal which is a steady d-c voltage.

Collier, D.M.; Meeks, L.A.; Palmer, J.P.

1961-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

228

ELECTRON GUN  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pulsed electron gun capable of delivering pulses at voltages of the order of 1 mv and currents of the order of 100 amperes is described. The principal novelty resides in a transformer construction which is disposed in the same vacuum housing as the electron source and accelerating electrode structure of the gun to supply the accelerating potential thereto. The transformer is provided by a plurality of magnetic cores disposed in circumferentially spaced relation and having a plurality of primary windings each inductively coupled to a different one of the cores, and a helical secondary winding which is disposed coaxially of the cores and passes therethrough in circumferential succession. Additional novelty resides in the disposition of the electron source cathode filament input leads interiorly of the transformer secondary winding which is hollow, as well as in the employment of a half-wave filament supply which is synchronously operated with the transformer supply such that the transformer is pulsed during the zero current portions of the half-wave cycle.

Christofilos, N.C.; Ehlers, K.W.

1960-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Rapid Removal of Mercury from Aqueous Solutions Using Thiol Functionalized Zn-doped Biomagnetite Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

The surfaces of Zn-doped biomagnetite nanostructured particles were functionalized with (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (MPTMS) and used as a high-capacity and collectable adsorbent for the removal of Hg(II) from water. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the attachment of MPTMS on the particle surface. The crystallite size of the Zn-doped biomagnetite was {approx}17 nm, and the thickness of the MPTMS coating was {approx}5 nm. Scanning transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering analyses revealed that the particles formed aggregates in aqueous solution with an average hydrodynamic size of 826 {+-} 32 nm. Elemental analyses indicate that the chemical composition of the biomagnetite is Zn{sub 0.46}Fe{sub 2.54}O{sub 4}, and the loading of sulfur is 3.6 mmol/g. The MPTMS-modified biomagnetite has a calculated saturation magnetization of 37.9 emu/g and can be separated from water within a minute using a magnet. Sorption of Hg(II) to the nanostructured particles was much faster than other commercial sorbents, and the Hg(II) sorption isotherm in an industrial wastewater follows the Langmuir model with a maximum capacity of {approx}416 mg/g, indicating two -SH groups bonded to one Hg. This new Hg(II) sorbent was stable in a range of solutions, from contaminated water to 0.5 M acid solutions, with low leaching of Fe, Zn, Si, and S (<10%).

He, Feng [ORNL; Wang, Wei [ORNL; Moon, Ji Won [ORNL; Howe, Jane Y [ORNL; Liang, Liyuan [ORNL; Pierce, Eric M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

APS - Solutions for Business Financing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

APS - Solutions for Business Financing APS - Solutions for Business Financing APS - Solutions for Business Financing < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Retail Supplier Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Program Info Funding Source APS State Arizona Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies (project costs, less rebate amount) APS and National Bank of Arizona have partnered to offer low-interest financing to all customers qualifying for energy efficiency incentives under the Solutions for Business program. Combined with program rebates, financing can help cover the up-front costs of energy-saving improvements,

231

Energy Efficiency Fund (Gas) - Home Energy Solutions and Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas) - Home Energy Solutions and Gas) - Home Energy Solutions and Performance Programs Energy Efficiency Fund (Gas) - Home Energy Solutions and Performance Programs < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Other Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider Customer Service The Energy Efficiency Fund, funded by Connecticut's public benefits charge, provides home energy efficiency rebate programs to customers of The Connecticut Light and Power Company and The United Illuminating Company, Connecticut Natural Gas, Southern Connecticut Gas, and Yankeegas customers. The Home Energy Solutions Program provides weatherization assistance to any

232

Robust signatures of solar neutrino oscillation solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the goal of identifying signatures that select specific neutrino oscillation parameters, we test the robustness of global oscillation solutions that fit all the available solar and reactor experimental data. We use three global analysis strategies previously applied by different authors and also determine the sensitivity of the oscillation solutions to the critical nuclear fusion cross section, S_{17}(0), for the production of 8B. The favored solutions are LMA, LOW, and VAC in order of g.o.f. The neutral current to charged current ratio for SNO is predicted to be 3.5 +- 0.6 (1 sigma), which is separated from the no-oscillation value of 1.0 by much more than the expected experimental error. The predicted range of the day-night difference in charged current rates is (8.2 +- 5.2)% and is strongly correlated with the day-night effect for neutrino-electron scattering. A measurement by SNO of either a NC to CC ratio > 3.3 or a day-night difference > 10%, would favor a small region of the currently allowed LMA neutrino parameter space. The global oscillation solutions predict a 7Be neutrino-electron scattering rate in BOREXINO and KamLAND in the range 0.66 +- 0.04 of the BP00 standard solar model rate, a prediction which can be used to test both the solar model and the neutrino oscillation theory. Only the LOW solution predicts a large day-night effect(reactor experiment, the LMA solution predicts 0.44 of the standard model rate; we evaluate 1 sigma and 3 sigma uncertainties and the first and second moments of the energy spectrum.

John N. Bahcall; M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; Carlos Pena-Garay

2001-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

233

Parallel and perpendicular velocity sheared flows driven tripolar vortices in an inhomogeneous electron-ion quantum magnetoplasma  

SciTech Connect

Nonlinear equations governing the dynamics of finite amplitude drift-ion acoustic-waves are derived by taking into account sheared ion flows parallel and perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field in a quantum magnetoplasma comprised of electrons and ions. It is shown that stationary solution of the nonlinear equations can be represented in the form of a tripolar vortex for specific profiles of the equilibrium sheared flows. The tripolar vortices are, however, observed to form on very short scales in dense quantum plasmas. The relevance of the present investigation with regard to dense astrophysical environments is also pointed out.

Mirza, Arshad M. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Masood, W. [TPPD, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan) and National Centre for Physics (NCP), Shahdara Valley Road, 44000 Islamabad (Pakistan)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

VORPAL Simulations Relevant to Coherent Electron Cooling  

SciTech Connect

Coherent electron cooling (CEC)* combines the best features of electron cooling and stochastic cooling, via free-electron laser technology**, to offer the possibility of cooling high-energy hadron beams with order-of-magnitude shorter cooling times. Many technical difficulties must be resolved via full-scale 3D simulations, before the CEC concept can be validated experimentally. VORPAL is the ideal code for simulating the â modulatorâ and â kickerâ regions, where the electron and hadron beams will co-propagate as in a conventional electron cooling section. Unlike previous VORPAL simulations*** of electron cooling physics, where dynamical friction on the ions was the key metric, it is the details of the electron density wake driven by each ion in the modulator section that must be understood, followed by strong amplification in the FEL. We present some initial simulation results. In particular, we compare the semi-analytic binary collision model with electrostatic particle-in-cell (PIC).

Bell, G.I.; Bruhwiler, D.L.; Sobol, A.V.; Ben-Zvi, Ilan; Litvinenko, Vladimir; Derbenev, Yaroslav

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

VORPAL simulations relevant to coherent electron cooling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coherent electron cooling (CEC) [1] combines the best features of electron cooling and stochastic cooling, via free-electron laser technology [2], to offer the possibility of cooling high-energy hadron beams with order-of-magnitude shorter cooling times. Many technical difficulties must be resolved via full-scale 3D simulations, before the CEC concept can be validated experimentally. VORPAL is the ideal code for simulating the modulator and kicker regions, where the electron and hadron beams will co-propagate as in a conventional electron cooling section. Unlike previous VORPAL simulations [3] of electron cooling physics, where dynamical friction on the ions was the key metric, it is the details of the electron density wake driven by each ion in the modulator section that must be understood, followed by strong amplification in the FEL. We present some initial simulation results.

Bell,G.; Bruhwiler, D.; Sobol, A.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Litvinenko, V.; Derbenev, Y.

2008-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

236

Switched Control of Electron Nuclear Spin Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we study control of electron-nuclear spin dynamics at magnetic field strengths where the Larmor frequency of the nucleus is comparable to the hyperfine coupling strength. The quantization axis for the nuclear spin differs from the static B_0 field direction and depends on the state of the electron spin. The quantization axis can be switched by flipping the state of electron spin, allowing for universal control on nuclear spin states. We show that by performing a sequence of flips (each followed by a suitable delay), we can perform any desired rotation on the nuclear spins, which can also be conditioned on the state of the electron spin. These operations, combined with electron spin rotations can be used to synthesize any unitary transformation on the coupled electron-nuclear spin system. We discuss how these methods can be used for design of experiments for transfer of polarization from the electron to the nuclear spins.

Navin Khaneja

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

237

Spin dynamics in (110)-oriented quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum structures of III-V semiconductors grown on (110)-oriented substrates are promising for spintronic applications because they allow us to engineer and control spin dynamics of electrons. We summarise the theoretical ideas, which are the basis ... Keywords: Quantum wells, Spin dynamics, Spintronics

R. T. Harley; O. Z. Karimov; M. Henini

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

[Inelastic electron scattering from surfaces]. [Progress report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This program uses ab-initio and multiple scattering to study surface dynamical processes; high-resolution electron-energy loss spectroscopy is used in particular. Off-specular excitation cross sections are much larger if electron energies are in the LEED range (50--300 eV). The analyses have been extended to surfaces of ordered alloys. Phonon eigenvectors and eigenfrequencies were used as inputs to electron-energy-loss multiple scattering cross section calculations. Work on low-energy electron and positron holography is mentioned.

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Decontamination solution development studies  

SciTech Connect

This study was conducted for the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as part of the Hanford Grout Technology Program (HGTP). The objective of this study was to identify decontamination solutions capable of removing radioactive contaminants and grout from the Grout Treatment Facility (GTF) process equipment and to determine the impact of these solutions on equipment components and disposal options. The reference grout used in this study was prepared with simulated double-shell slurry feed (DSSF) and a dry blend consisting of 40 wt % limestone flour, 28 wt % blast furnace slag, 28 wt % fly ash, and 4 wt % type I/II Portland cement.

Allen, R.P.; Fetrow, L.K.; Kjarmo, H.E.; Pool, K.H.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Solidification Structures of Solid Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Figure: ...Fig. 16 Binary phase diagrams. L, L 1 , and L 2 are liquid solutions. α and β are solid solutions. (a) Complete

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Oil recovery by imbibition from polymer solutions  

SciTech Connect

The success of a polymer flood in a water-wet fractured reservoir is dependent on the recovery of oil from the matrix blocks by the polymer solution imbibition. This thesis presents the results of an experimental and theoretical study investigating this problem. Two sets of experiments were performed, static and dynamic. The results of the static experiments, in which a matrix block was surrounded by the imbibing fluid, showed that the amounts of oil that ultimately could be recovered by the water and polymer solutions are practically equal. However, the rate of oil recovery by the polymer solutions is always less than that of the water. This delay in the oil recovery was found to be a function of the polymer solutions molecular weight, concentration, and salt content. The theoretical investigation of the experimental data found that the polymer retention and the high apparent viscosity were the causes for the delay. The dynamic experiments consisted of flooding oil-saturated fractured cores through the fracture by water and different polymer solutions. The oil recovery behavior in these experiments was found to be dependent not only on the rate of injected fluid imbibition from the fracture into the matrix blocks, but also on the operating injection rate and the displacement efficiency of the oil in the fracture by the injected fluid. It is also dependent on the amount of viscous forces that are generated by the injected fluid flow through the fracture. Under certain conditions, polymer flooding of the fractures gave greater oil recovery than water flooding, whereas under others it did not.

Ghedan, S.G.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Free-Electron Laser-Powered Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy interrogates unpaired electron spins in solids and liquids to reveal local structure and dynamics; for example, EPR has elucidated parts of the structure of protein complexes that have resisted all other techniques in structural biology. EPR can also probe the interplay of light and electricity in organic solar cells and light-emitting diodes, and the origin of decoherence in condensed matter, which is of fundamental importance to the development of quantum information processors. Like nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), EPR spectroscopy becomes more powerful at high magnetic fields and frequencies, and with excitation by coherent pulses rather than continuous waves. However, the difficulty of generating sequences of powerful pulses at frequencies above 100 GHz has, until now, confined high-power pulsed EPR to magnetic fields of 3.5 T and below. Here we demonstrate that ~1 kW pulses from a free-electron laser (FEL) can power a pulsed EPR spectrometer at 240 GHz...

Takahashi, S; Edwards, D T; van Tol, J; Ramian, G; Han, S; Sherwin, M S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Integrated Solutions in Chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paths best traveled Choose from a portfolio of comprehensive, interlinked, intuitive and accessible chemistry resources Paths best traveled Choose from a comprehensive portfolio of interlinked, intuitive and accessible resources www.info.sciencedirect.com/solutions www.elsevier.com/chemistrysolutions ELSEVIER’S

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Offshore Renewable Energy Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and sustainable energy supply. The UK is uniquely placed to harness its natural resources ­ wind, wave and tidalOffshore Renewable Energy Solutions #12;Cefas: meeting complex requirements The Centre science centre, Cefas provides a bridge between government and industry. We have unprecedented links

245

Physics Out Loud - Electrons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Scattering Previous Video (Electron Scattering) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Elementary Particles) Elementary Particles Electrons David Lawrence, a physicist,...

246

Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions A functionalized polymer for binding a dissolved molecule in an aqueous solution is presented. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions A functionalized polymer for binding a dissolved molecule in an aqueous solution is presented. The polymer has a backbone polymer to which one or more functional groups are covalently linked. The backbone polymer can be such polymers as polyethylenimine, polyvinylamine, polyallylamine, and polypropylamine. These polymers are generally water-soluble, but can be insoluble when cross-linked. The functional group can be for example diol

247

Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron Microscopes -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilities > Transmission Electron Facilities > Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron Microscopes FACILITIES Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron Microscopes Overview Other Facilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron Microscopes The research activities of the Corrosion and Mechanics of Materials Section are supported by complete metallography/sample preparation rooms equipped with several optical and electron microscopes: a Transmission Electron Microscope and two Scanning Electron Microscopes. Bookmark and Share Transmission electron microscope (TEM) Detail of JEOL 100CXII TEM Figure 1: Detail of JEOL 100CXII TEM. Click on image to view larger image.

248

Flow dynamics and solute transport in unsaturated rock fractures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rock fractures play an important role in flow and contaminant transport in fractured aquifers, production of oil from petroleum reservoirs, and steam generation from geothermal reservoirs. In this dissertation, phenomenological aspects of flow in unsaturated fractures were studied in visualization experiments conducted on a transparent replica of a natural, rough-walled rock fracture for inlet conditions of constant pressure and flow rate over a range of angles of inclination. The experiments demonstrated that infiltrating liquid proceeds through unsaturated rock fractures along non-uniform, localized preferential flow paths. Even in the presence of constant boundary conditions, intermittent flow was a persistent flow feature observed, where portions of the flow channel underwent cycles of snapping and reforming. Two modes of intermittent flow were observed, the pulsating blob mode and the rivulet snapping mode. A conceptual model for the rivulet snapping mode was proposed and examined using idealized, variable-aperture fractures. The frequency of intermittent flow events was measured in several experiments and related to the capillary and Bond numbers to characterize this flow behavior.

Su, G. W.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Flow dynamics and solute transport in unsaturated rock fractures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and H. Brenner, Multiphase flow in porous media, Ann. Rev.to describe multiphase flow in porous media, involvingflow in porous media, can be generalized for multiphase flow

Su, G.W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Introductory statistical mechanics for electron storage rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These lectures introduce the beam dynamics of electron-positron storage rings with particular emphasis on the effects due to synchrotron radiation. They differ from most other introductions in their systematic use of the physical principles and mathematical techniques of the non-equilibrium statistical mechanics of fluctuating dynamical systems. A self-contained exposition of the necessary topics from this field is included. Throughout the development, a Hamiltonian description of the effects of the externally applied fields is maintained in order to preserve the links with other lectures on beam dynamics and to show clearly the extent to which electron dynamics in non-Hamiltonian. The statistical mechanical framework is extended to a discussion of the conceptual foundations of the treatment of collective effects through the Vlasov equation.

Jowett, J.M.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROELECTROCHEMISTRY OF TRANSITION METAL SOLAR FUELS CATALYSTS. ...

252

Future Electronics in CNST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Electronic Transport in Nanoscale Organic/Inorganic Devices. ... for graphene, nanophotonic, nanoplasmonic, spintronic, and other future electronics. ...

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

253

Magnetodynamics and Spin Electronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Spintronics exploits the interaction between electrons' spin angular momentum ... stochastic processes in the form of electron microscope images of ...

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

254

High Speed Electronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High Speed Electronics. ... optic sampling system provides traceability for our electrical waveform measurements ... Metrology for Electronic Packaging. ...

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

255

Transient Self-Amplified Cerenkov Radiation with a Short Pulse Electron Beam  

SciTech Connect

An analytic and numerical examination of the slow wave Cerenkov free electron maser is presented. We consider the steady state amplifier configuration as well as operation in the selfamplified spontaneous emission (SASE) regime. The linear theory is extended to include electron beams that have a parabolic radial density inhomogeneity. Closed form solutions for the dispersion relation and modal structure of the electromagnetic field are determined in this inhomogeneous case. To determine the steady state response, a macro-particle approach is used to develop a set of coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations for the amplitude and phase of the electromagnetic wave, which are solved in conjunction with the particle dynamical equations to determine the response when the system is driven as an amplifier with a time harmonic source. We then consider the case in which a fast rise time electron beam is injected into a dielectric loaded waveguide. In this case, radiation is generated by SASE, with the instability seeded by the leading edge of the electron beam. A pulse of radiation is produced, slipping behind the leading edge of the beam due to the disparity between the group velocity of the radiation and the beam velocity. Short pulses of microwave radiation are generated in the SASE regime and are investigated using particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. The nonlinear dynamics are significantly more complicated in the transient SASE regime when compared with the steady state amplifier model due to the slippage of the radiation with respect to the beam. As strong self-bunching of the electron beam develops due to SASE, short pulses of superradiant emission develop with peak powers significantly larger than the predicted saturated power based on the steady state amplifier model. As these superradiant pulses grow, their pulse length decreases and forms a series of soliton-like pulses. Comparisons between the linear theory, macro-particle model, and PIC simulations are made in the appropriate regimes.

Poole, B R; Blackfield, D T; Camacho, J F

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

256

Power Electronics Symposium 2011 | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Electronics Symposium 2011 Power Electronics Symposium 2011 Jul 22 2011 12:00 AM - 05:00 AM What can a power electronics research center do for your business? Oak Ridge, TN Oak Ridge National Laboratory CONTACT : Email: David Sims Phone:(865) 241-3808 Add to Calendar SHARE What can a power electronics research center do for your business? Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Power Electronics Symposium Friday, July 22, 7:30 AM - 3:30 PM (EDT) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Conference Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee AGENDA This symposium is to inform industry and entrepreneurs of the capabilities, expertise, technologies, and opportunities available through ORNL's Power Electronics and Electrical Power Systems Research Center (PEEPSRC) for creation of solutions to existing problems and/or development of new

257

Exploring Cylindrical Solutions in Modified f(G) Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present cylindrically symmetric solutions for a type of the Gauss-Bonnet gravity, in details. We derive the full system of the field equations and show that there exist seven families of exact solutions for three forms of viable models. By applying the method based on the effective fluid energy momentum tensor components, we evaluate the mass per unit length for the solutions. From dynamical point of the view, by evaluating the null energy condition for these configurations, we show that in some cases the azimuthal pressure breaks the energy condition. This violation of the null energy condition predicts the existence of a cylindrical wormhole.

M. J. S. Houndjo; M. E. Rodrigues; D. Momeni; R. Myrzakulov

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

258

Self-sustained gigahertz electronic oscillations in ultrahigh-Q photonic microresonators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on theoretical and experimental observations of self-sustained fast [gigahertz (GHz)] electronic oscillations resulting from coupled electron-photon dynamics in ultrahigh-Q Si microdisk resonators with cw pumping. ...

Soltani, Mohammad

259

Electron Trapping by Molecular Vibration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Trapping by Molecular Electron Trapping by Molecular Vibration Electron Trapping by Molecular Vibration Print Wednesday, 27 April 2005 00:00 In photoelectron spectroscopy experiments performed at the ALS, a group of researchers has found that electronic transitions normally thought to be forbidden can in fact be excited in conjunction with certain types of molecular vibrations. Specifically, they found that when the symmetry of a linear triatomic molecule is broken by asymmetric vibrational modes, photoelectrons can become temporarily trapped by the molecule before ultimately escaping, giving rise to a broad feature in the photoelectron spectrum known as a shape resonance. This process represents a novel type of symmetry-breaking phenomenon that has not been observed previously but appears to be widespread. Such coupling between electronic motion and nuclear motion becomes increasingly important as scientists learn more about the geometry and dynamics of novel chemical structures such as those found in nanodevices and transient chemical species, and the results have implications for studies that use photoelectron spectroscopy as a diagnostic tool.

260

Energy Efficiency Fund (Electric) - Home Energy Solutions and Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric) - Home Energy Solutions and Electric) - Home Energy Solutions and Performance Programs Energy Efficiency Fund (Electric) - Home Energy Solutions and Performance Programs < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Funding Source Energy Efficiency Fund State Connecticut Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider Customer Service The Energy Efficiency Fund, funded by Connecticut's public benefits charge, provides home energy efficiency rebate programs to customers of The

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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261

El Paso Electric - SCORE and Commercial Solutions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- SCORE and Commercial Solutions - SCORE and Commercial Solutions El Paso Electric - SCORE and Commercial Solutions < Back Eligibility Commercial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount SCORE Reduced Peak Electric Demand; $185/kW Provider CLEAResult Consulting, Inc. El Paso Electric offers a targeted incentive program for public institutions, local governments and higher education. The SCORE Program is designed to help municipalities, counties, public

262

NSTAR (Electric) - Business Solutions Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NSTAR (Electric) - Business Solutions Program NSTAR (Electric) - Business Solutions Program NSTAR (Electric) - Business Solutions Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Contact NSTAR Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount New Construction Custom: Contact NSTAR Municipalities: Contact NSTAR Lighting (Custom): $0.40/watt reduction (Tier 1); $1/watt reduction (Tier 2) Fluorescent Fixtures: $10 - $30 LED Lighting (Downlights): $10 - $30 LED Lighting (Refrigeration): $45

263

Optically pulsed electron accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optically pulsed electron accelerator can be used as an injector for a free electron laser and comprises a pulsed light source, such as a laser, for providing discrete incident light pulses. A photoemissive electron source emits electron bursts having the same duration as the incident light pulses when impinged upon by same. The photoemissive electron source is located on an inside wall of a radiofrequency-powered accelerator cell which accelerates the electron burst emitted by the photoemissive electron source.

Fraser, J.S.; Sheffield, R.L.

1985-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

264

Optically pulsed electron accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optically pulsed electron accelerator can be used as an injector for a free electron laser and comprises a pulsed light source, such as a laser, for providing discrete incident light pulses. A photoemissive electron source emits electron bursts having the same duration as the incident light pulses when impinged upon by same. The photoemissive electron source is located on an inside wall of a radio frequency powered accelerator cell which accelerates the electron burst emitted by the photoemissive electron source.

Fraser, John S. (Los Alamos, NM); Sheffield, Richard L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Entergy Texas - SCORE, CitySmart, and Commercial Solutions Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Entergy Texas - SCORE, CitySmart, and Commercial Solutions Programs Entergy Texas - SCORE, CitySmart, and Commercial Solutions Programs Entergy Texas - SCORE, CitySmart, and Commercial Solutions Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Design & Remodeling Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Solutions Program: $175/kW demand reduction + $0.02/kWh saved SCORE/CitySmart Programs: $200/kW Provider Entergy Texas, Inc. The Commercial Solutions Program is designed to help participants identify

266

Coherent optical control of electronic excitations in functionalized semiconductor nanostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of creating and manipulating coherent quantum states on surfaces offunctionalized semiconductor nanostructures is computationally investigated. Quantumdynamics simulations of electron-hole transfer between catechol molecules adsorbed ... Keywords: adsorbates, coherent control, semiconductors, wave-packet dynamics

L. G. C. Rego; S. G. Abuabara; V. S. Batista

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Two-beam detuned-cavity electron accelerator structure  

SciTech Connect

Progress has been made in the theory, development, cavity design and optimization, beam dynamics study, beam transport design, and hardware construction for studies of a detuned two-beam electron accelerator structure.

Jiang, Y.; Hirshfield, J. L. [Beam Physics Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Beam Physics Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States) and Omega-P, Inc., New Haven, CT 06510 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

DEVELOPMENT Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DEVELOPMENT Solutions DEVELOPMENT Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name DEVELOPMENT Solutions Place Reading, England, United Kingdom Zip RG4 8UJ Sector Efficiency Product DEVELOPMENT Solutions (DS) supports investors to realise projects with sustainable applications, including in the areas of environment, energy efficiency, water resource management and other applications for sustainable development. References DEVELOPMENT Solutions[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. DEVELOPMENT Solutions is a company located in Reading, England, United Kingdom . References ↑ "DEVELOPMENT Solutions" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=DEVELOPMENT_Solutions&oldid=344207

269

Solution of Nonlinear Finite Difference Ocean Models by Optimization Methods with Sensitivity and Observational Strategy Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamical models driven by “observed” forcing fields (e.g., the wind) have a true solution uncertainty owing to observational errors in the driving. This uncertainty is usually hidden from view because conventional numerical methods do not easily ...

Jens Schröter; Carl Wunsch

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Iterated Stretching, Extensional Rheology and Formation of Beads-on-a-String Structures in Polymer Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transient extensional rheology and the dynamics of elastocapillary thinning in aqueous solutions of polyethylene oxide (PEO) are studied with high-speed digital video microscopy. At long times, the evolution of the ...

Oliveira, Monica S. N.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Suppressant:Water & Aqueous Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Suppressant:Water & Aqueous Solutions. ... Reuther, JJ; 1991. Fine Water Sprays for Fire Protection: A Halon Replacement Option.. ...

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

272

Savannah River Nuclear Solutions LLC  

Savannah River Nuclear Solutions LLC Permission to Publish KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that the undersigned (hereinafter referred to

273

Review: Greenhouse Solutions with Sustainable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solutions with Sustainable Energy By Mark DiesendorfSolutions with Sustainable Energy. Sydney, NSW: University

Hamilton-Smith, Elery

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Discontinuous bifurcations of periodic solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses different aspects of bifurcations of periodic solutions in discontinuous systems. It is explained how jumps in the fundamental solution matrix lead to jumps of the Floquet multipliers of periodic solutions. A Floquet multiplier of ... Keywords: Bifurcation, Discontinuous, Dry friction, Stick-slip

R. I. Leine; D. H. Van Campen

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

SOLAR WIND ION AND ELECTRON DISTRIBUTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR WIND ION AND ELECTRON DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS AND THE TRANSITION FROM FLUID TO KINETIC 2010 #12;Overview The solar wind as a laboratory to understand plasma dynamics As a function of beta/NASA) The corona is not in hydrostatic equilibrium and a supersonic solar wind is generated. The solar wind

276

The special applications of Tevatron electron lens  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Besides the Tevatron Electron Lens (TEL) runs as a R and D project for Tevatron Beam-Beam Compensation, it is used daily as a Beam Abort Gap Cleaner for collider operations. It can also be served as beam exciter for beam dynamics measurements and slow proton or antiproton bunch remover. This report describes all these applications and observations.

Xiaolong Zhang et al.

2003-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

277

Looking for Energy Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Governments and Schools: Governments and Schools: Looking for Energy Solutions Turn to an ENERGY STAR ® Service and Product Provider Partner ENERGY STAR Service and Product Providers (SPPs) have the experience and access to the tools needed to implement energy- efficient strategies that are right for you. Following the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Guidelines for Energy Management, a proven strategy developed from ENERGY STAR partner successes, your organization can gain control of energy expenses and demonstrate environmental leadership. SPPs can help you assess your energy performance and recommend low-cost upgrades, cost-effective investments, and longer-term strategies that make the most sense for you. ENERGY STAR SPPs make it easy for you to care for your constituents, your facilities, and your finances.

278

Dynamic tariffs  

SciTech Connect

The general theoretical models of dynamic tariffs, such as spot pricing, are extended in this paper to include the issues of optimal response of industrial consumers and the effect of large scale penetration of these tariffs on the utility load curve. If such tariffs are to serve their purpose consumers need to acquire the ability for flexible and dynamic response. While the hardware for this is readily available the theoretical models and software systems are not. These issues are examined and correlated with industrial site studies. A systematic analysis of the effect of significant consumer response on the system load curve is next undertaken. A methodologically sound approach to system load and price forecasting is presented.

David, A.K.; Lee, Y.C.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Glossary Term - Electron Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Electron Previous Term (Electron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Electron Volt (eV)) Electron Volt (eV) Electron Capture After electron capture, an atom contains one less proton and one more neutron. Electron capture is one process that unstable atoms can use to become more stable. During electron capture, an electron in an atom's inner shell is drawn into the nucleus where it combines with a proton, forming a neutron and a neutrino. The neutrino is ejected from the atom's nucleus. Since an atom loses a proton during electron capture, it changes from one element to another. For example, after undergoing electron capture, an atom of carbon (with 6 protons) becomes an atom of boron (with 5 protons). Although the numbers of protons and neutrons in an atom's nucleus change

280

FREE ELECTRON LASERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1984). Colson, W. B. , "Free electron laser theory," Ph.D.M. 0. , Spitzer, R. , editors, Free Electron Generators ofM.D. , Spitzer, R. , editors, Free Electron Generators of

Colson, W.B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Generation of Femtosecond Electron Pulses  

SciTech Connect

At the Fast Neutron Research Facility (FNRF), Chiang Mai University (Thailand), the SURIYA project has been established aiming to produce femtosecond electron pulses utilizing a combination of an S-band thermionic rf gun and a magnetic bunch compressor ({alpha}-magnet). A specially designed rf-gun has been constructed to obtain optimum beam characteristics for the best bunch compression. Simulation results show that bunch lengths as short as about 50 fs rms can be expected at the experimental station. The electron bunch lengths will be determined using autocorrelation of coherent transition radiation (TR) through a Michelson interferometer. The paper discusses beam dynamics studies, design, fabrication and cold tests of the rf-gun as well as presents the project current status and forth-coming experiments.

Jinamoon, V.; Kusoljariyakul, K.; Rimjaem, S.; Saisut, J.; Thongbai, C.; Vilaithong, T.; /Chiang Mai U.; Rhodes, M.W.; Wichaisirimongkol, P.; /Chiang Mai U.; Chumphongphan,; /Mae Fah Luang U.; Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC, SSRL

2005-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

282

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

283

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

284

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

285

DYNAMIC SCREENING IN SOLAR PLASMA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the hot, dense plasma of solar and stellar interiors, Coulomb potentials are screened, resulting in increased nuclear reaction rates. Although Salpeter's approximation for static screening is widely accepted and used in stellar modeling, the question of screening in nuclear reactions has been revisited. In particular, the issue of dynamic effects has been raised by Shaviv and Shaviv who apply the techniques of molecular dynamics to the conditions in the Sun's core in order to numerically determine the effect of screening. By directly calculating the motion of ions and electrons due to Coulomb interactions, the simulations are used to compute the effect of screening without the mean field assumption inherent in Salpeter's approximation. In this paper, we reproduce their numerical analysis of the screening energy in the plasma of the solar core and conclude that the effects of dynamic screening are relevant and should be included when stellar nuclear reaction rates are computed.

Mao, Dan; Daeppen, Werner [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 (United States); Mussack, Katie [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom)], E-mail: mussack@ast.cam.ac.uk

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

286

Ab-Initio Molecular Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer simulations and molecular dynamics in particular, is a very powerful method to provide detailed and essentially exact informations of classical many-body problems. With the advent of \\textit{ab-initio} molecular dynamics, where the forces are computed on-the-fly by accurate electronic structure calculations, the scope of either method has been greatly extended. This new approach, which unifies Newton's and Schr\\"odinger's equations, allows for complex simulations without relying on any adjustable parameter. This review is intended to outline the basic principles as well as a survey of the field. Beginning with the derivation of Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics, the Car-Parrinello method as well as novel hybrid scheme that unifies best of either approach are discussed. The predictive power is demonstrated by a series of applications ranging from insulators to semiconductors and even metals in condensed phases.

Kühne, Thomas D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Dynamic screening in solar plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the hot, dense plasma of solar and stellar interiors, Coulomb potentials are screened, resulting in increased nuclear reaction rates. Although Salpeter's approximation for static screening is widely accepted and used in stellar modeling, the question of screening in nuclear reactions has been revisited. In particular the issue of dynamic effects has been raised by Shaviv and Shaviv who apply the techniques of molecular dynamics to the conditions in the Sun's core in order to numerically determine the effect of screening. By directly calculating the motion of ions and electrons due to Coulomb interactions, the simulations are used to compute the effect of screening without the mean-field assumption inherent in Salpeter's approximation. In this paper we reproduce their numerical analysis of the screening energy in the plasma of the solar core and conclude that the effects of dynamic screening are relevant and should be included when stellar nuclear reaction rates are computed.

Mao, Dan; Däppen, Werner

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Electron-Ion Collisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Since the ions are created and excited with the same beam of electrons, by changing the electron beam energy one can selectively exclude certain ...

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Free Electron Laser  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Free Electron Laser Building Exterior Top Floor Control Room RF Gallery User Lab Beam Enclosure Injector Linear Accelerator Wiggler Magnet Return Line Free Electron Laser Most...

290

Electron Affinity Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Electron Affinity Search Help. Search options (step 1) (Back to search). You may search for species based on electron affinity values in two ways: ...

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Analytical Electron Microscope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a conventional parallel electron energy-loss spectrometer (EELS) to record spectra of the energy losses experienced by the beam electrons as they ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Diamondoids Improve Electron Emitters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diamondoids Improve Electron Emitters Diamondoids Improve Electron Emitters Print Monday, 17 September 2012 12:02 Diamondoids are nanoparticles made of only a handful of carbon...

293

Single Electron Coherence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Single electron tunneling (SET) devices have the amazing property that we can measure and control the motion of electrons one-by-one. ...

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

294

ELECTRON WELDING OF METALS  

SciTech Connect

The advantages and disadvantages of the electron welding of metals are briefly reviewed. Typical apparatuses used for electron welding are described. (J.S.R)

Stohr, J.-A.

1958-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Foil Electron Multiplier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multiplier Foil Electron Multiplier An apparatus for electron multiplication by transmission that is designed with at least one foil having a front side for receiving incident...

296

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has enormous potential for use in...

297

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Wednesday, 25 April 2007 00:00 Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has...

298

Device Specific Real-time Energy Monitoring, Control, and Dynamic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Device Specific Real-time Energy Monitoring, Control, and Dynamic Demand Response Solutions Speaker(s): Jake Masters Olcay Ungun Date: February 23, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122...

299

Vortex Dynamics in NanoScale Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Into the Vortex: Dynamics in Nanoscale Materials Into the Vortex: Dynamics in Nanoscale Materials Micron and nanosized magnets are of great interest for their potential applications in new electronic devices, such as magnetic random access memories. As the size of magnets is reduced to a 1-micron scale and below, the boundaries (surfaces, perimeters, etc) of the objects begin to profoundly influence both the static and dynamic behavior of the materials. Researchers from Argonne's Materials Science Division (MSD), Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM), and Advanced Photon Source (APS) have recently examined the dynamics of 3- to 7-micron-diameter NiFe alloy disks with a combination of theoretical calculations and a new time-resolved magnetic imaging technique using synchrotron-based x-ray photoemission electron

300

Energy Storage & Power Electronics 2008 Peer Review - Power Electronic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Power Electronics 2008 Peer Review - Power Electronics (PE) Systems Presentations Energy Storage & Power Electronics 2008 Peer Review - Power Electronics (PE) Systems...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Analysis of saturation phenomena in Cerenkov free-electron lasers with a planar waveguide  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, the operation of the stimulated emission in Cerenkov free-electron laser (CFEL) is studied on the basis of the modulations of electron velocity and density by the electromagnetic (EM) field. The influence of the electron relaxation, due to mutual electrons collisions, on the electron dynamics is taken into account. We investigate the growth characteristics of Cerenkov laser operating in the small-signal and saturation regimes. In the saturation regime, the effect of velocity reduction of the electron beam on the gain dynamics is demonstrated. We also show that our results match with those of other well-known treatments in the small-signal gain limit.

Fares, Hesham; Yamada, Minoru [Division of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-1192 (Japan)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Brief A decomposition approach for the solution of the unit loading problem in hydroplants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a decomposition approach for the solution of the dynamic programming formulation of the unit loading problem in hydroplant management. This decomposition approach allows the consideration of network and canal constraints without additional ... Keywords: Decomposition, Dynamic programming, Hydroelectricity, Unit loading problem

MichèLe Breton; Saeb Hachem; Abdelghani Hammadia

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Ubiquitous Electronic Tagging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The automatic identification industry is growing rapidly. Tags occur in many forms and appear on everything from luggage at the airport, to dogs, trains and fresh fruit. As with many advancing technologies, there are a variety of standards that do not inter-operate and thus hinder widespread deployment. But the trend for the growth of this technology is inescapable: electronic machine-readable tags (e-tags) are becoming tiny, cheap and easy to deploy. An e-tag can now also serve as a data repository for the object that it is attached to. Imagine if every object ever processed had one or more machine-readable tags embedded into it. What applications would that enable? These tags would uniquely identify the object and be readable from a distance, not even requiring a battery. In addition to identification information, e-tags can record their history, or offer dynamic data from an embedded sensor indicating, for example, the tag's temperature. This paper examines the applications and co...

Roy Want; Daniel M. Russell

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Robust signatures of solar neutrino oscillation solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the goal of identifying signatures that select specific neutrino oscillation parameters, we test the robustness of global oscillation solutions that fit all the available solar and reactor experimental data. We use three global analysis strategies previously applied by different authors and also determine the sensitivity of the oscillation solutions to the critical nuclear fusion cross section, S_{17}(0), for the production of 8B. The neutral current to charged current ratio for SNO is predicted to be 3.5 +- 0.6 (1 sigma) for the favored LMA, LOW, and VAC solutions, which is separated from the no-oscillation value of 1.0 by much more than the expected experimental error. The predicted range of the day-night difference in charged current rates is between 0% and 21% (3 sigma) and is to be strongly correlated with the day-night effect for neutrino-electron scattering. A measurement by SNO of either a NC to CC ratio > 3.3 or a day-night difference > 10%, would favor a small region of the currently allowed LM...

Bahcall, J N; Peña-Garay, C; Bahcall, John N.; Peña-Garay, Carlos

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Electronics Stewardship and Data Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of electronic stewardship: Procurement of environmentally preferable electronics Enable electronics power management capabilities Establish and implement policies to extend the...

306

Aberration Corrected Analytical Electron Microscope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... resolution scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM), where ... the beam electrons as they ... filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Suntech Energy Solutions Formerly EI Solutions | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Formerly EI Solutions) Place Pasadena, California Zip 91103 Sector Solar Product A California-based solar power systems integrator and installer. References Suntech Energy...

308

Electronics and Telecommunications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Quantum Electrical Measurements; Quantum Information and ... The working of countless electronic devices involves electric and magnetic ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

309

Solar Choice Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Choice Solutions Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Choice Solutions Inc. Place Calabasas, California Zip 91302 Sector Solar Product Solar Choice Solutions Inc. is an...

310

Molecular simulation analysis and X-ray absorption measurement of Ca2+, K+, and Cl- ions in solution  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent advances in the use of molecular simulations and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy to understand solvated ions in aqueous solutions are described. We report and discuss the results of the EXAFS spectra, Debye-Waller factors and the related properties governing solvation processes of different ions in water, as well as in different solvents (methanol). Molecular dynamics (MD) trajectories are coupled to electron scattering simulations to generate the EXAFS spectra, which are found to be in very good agreement with the corresponding experimental measurements. From these spectra, both the ion-oxygen and the ion-hydrogen distances for the first hydration shell are predicted to be within 0.1-0.2 Å. The ionic species studied range from monovalent to divalent, positive and negative: K+, Ca2+ and Cl-. This work demonstrates that the combination of MD-EXAFS and the corresponding experiment measurement provides a powerful tool in the analysis of the solvation structure of aqueous ionic solutions. We also investigate the value of electronic structure analysis of small aqueous clusters as a benchmark to the empirical potentials. In a novel computational approach, we compute the Debye-Waller factors combining a harmonic analysis of data obtained from electronic structure calculations on finite ionwater clusters, and we present a direct comparison with results from a harmonic classical statistical mechanical analysis of an empirical potential. Work was supported by the Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for DOE.

Dang, Liem X.; Schenter, Gregory K.; Glezakou, Vanda A.; Fulton, John L.

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

311

AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Insulation Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Funding Source AEP Texas (Central, North and SWEPCO) Companies State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.060/kWh and $175/kW in first year savings Provider AEP Texas Central The no-cost Commercial Solutions Program is designed to help businesses,

312

APS - Energy Efficiency Solutions for Business | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

APS - Energy Efficiency Solutions for Business APS - Energy Efficiency Solutions for Business APS - Energy Efficiency Solutions for Business < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Retail Supplier Schools State Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Small Customers ( Large Customers (>100 kW monthly demand): $500,000 + 50% of incentive over $500K Express Solutions (Refrigeration/Lighting Measures): 90% of project cost Schools: $250,000 (Small); $600,000 (Large) Custom projects: Up to 75% of incremental cost Retro-commissioning: $0.09 per kWh saved up to 75% of incremental cost (up

313

Suppression of Exponential Electronic Decay in a Charged Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inner-shell ionization of atoms and molecules leads to the creation of highly excited ionic states that often decay by electron emission. The dynamics of the decay is usually assumed to be exponential and the process is characterized by a decay rate. Here we show that in a multiply ionized cluster created by interaction with a high-intensity free-electron laser (FEL) radiation, trapping of the emitted electron by the neighboring ions changes the character of the decay dynamics qualitatively to the extent that it can become oscillatory instead of exponential. Implications of the predicted effect on Coster-Kronig and interatomic Coulombic decay processes induced by FELs are investigated.

Averbukh, Vitali [Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Noethnitzer Strasse 38, D-01187 Dresden (Germany); Saalmann, Ulf; Rost, Jan Michael [Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Noethnitzer Strasse 38, D-01187 Dresden (Germany); Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany)

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

314

Sunflower Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Sunflower Solutions Place Cleveland, Ohio Zip 44106 Product Cleveland-based tracking systems maker for PV modules targeted at installations in the developing world....

315

Is Nuclear Energy the Solution?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

009-0270-y Is Nuclear Energy the Solution? Milton H. Saier &in the last 50 years, nuclear energy subsidies have totaledadministration, the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)

Saier, Milton H.; Trevors, Jack T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Enspiria Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

information systems and technology consultants, with services in smart grid planning and systems integration. References Enspiria Solutions1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

317

Extracting alcohols from aqueous solutions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hydrocarbon and surfactants are contacted with a solution of alcohol and water to extract the alcohol into the hydrocarbon-surfactant mixture.

Compere, Alicia L. (Knoxville, TN); Googin, John M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Griffith, William L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Biofuel Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name Biofuel Solutions Place Colorado Product Defunct bioethanol plant developer, which had been developing one plant in Fairmont, Minnesota and...

319

Spacetime structure of self-similar spherically symmetric perfect fluid solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We classify all spherically symmetric and homothetic spacetimes that are allowed kinematically by constructing them from a small number of building blocks. We then restrict attention to a particular dynamics, namely perfect fluid matter with the scale-free barotropic equation of state p = alpha mu where 0solutions in the complete classification of Carr and Coley, and so establish which of the kinematic possibilities are realized for these dynamics. We pay particular attention to those solutions which arise as critical solutions during gravitational collapse.

B. J. Carr; Carsten Gundlach

2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

320

Existence of Ground State of an Electron in the BDF Approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Bogoliubov-Dirac-Fock (BDF) model allows to describe relativistic elec- trons interacting with the Dirac sea. It can be seen as a mean-field approximation of Quantum Electro-dynamics (QED) where photons are neglected. This paper treats the case of an electron together with the Dirac sea in absence of any external field. Such a system is described by its one-body density matrix, an infinite rank, self-adjoint operator which is a compact pertubation of the negative spectral projector of the free Dirac operator. We prove the existence of minimizers of the BDF-energy under the charge constraint of one electron assuming that the coupling constant {\\alpha} and the quantity L = \\alpha log(\\Lambda) are small where \\Lambda > 0 is the ultraviolet cut-off and chosen very large. We then study the non-relativistic limit of such a system in which the speed of light c tends to infinity (or equivalently \\alpha tends to zero) with L fixed: after rescaling the electronic solution tends to the Choquard-Pekar ground state.

Jérémy Sok

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Atomic-Scale Imaging and Spectroscopy for In Situ Liquid Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observation of growth, synthesis, dynamics and electrochemical reactions in the liquid state is an important yet largely unstudied aspect of nanotechnology. The only techniques that can potentially provide the insights necessary to advance our understanding of these mechanisms is simultaneous atomic-scale imaging and quantitative chemical analysis (through spectroscopy) under environmental conditions in the transmission electron microscope (TEM). In this study we describe the experimental and technical conditions necessary to obtain electron energy loss (EEL) spectra from a nanoparticle in colloidal suspension using aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) combined with the environmental liquid stage. At a fluid path length below 400 nm, atomic resolution images can be obtained and simultaneous compositional analysis can be achieved. We show that EEL spectroscopy can be used to quantify the total fluid path length around the nanoparticle, and demonstrate characteristic core-loss signals from the suspended nanoparticles can be resolved and analyzed to provide information on the local interfacial chemistry with the surrounding environment. The combined approach using aberration corrected STEM and EEL spectra with the in situ fluid stage demonstrates a plenary platform for detailed investigations of solution based catalysis and biological research.

Jungjohann, K. L.; Evans, James E.; Aguiar, Jeff; Arslan, Ilke; Browning, Nigel D.

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

322

Thermodynamics of Electron Flow in the Bacterial Deca-heme Cytochrome MtrF  

SciTech Connect

Electron transporting multiheme cytochromes are essential to the metabolism of microbes that inhabit soils and carry out important biogeochemical processes. Recently the first crystal structure of a prototype bacterial deca-heme cytochrome (MtrF) has been resolved and its electrochemistry characterized. However, the molecular details of electron conductance along heme chains in the cytochrome are difficult to access via experiment due to the nearly identical chemical nature of the heme cofactors. Here we employ large-scale molecular dynamics simulations to compute the reduction potentials of the ten hemes of MtrF in aqueous solution. We find that as a whole they fall within a range of about 0.3 V in agreement with experiment. Individual reduction potentials give rise to a free energy profile for electron conduction that is approximately symmetric with respect to the center of the protein. Our calculations indicate that there is no significant potential bias along the orthogonal octa- and tetra-heme chains suggesting that under aqueous conditions MtrF is a nearly reversible two-dimensional conductor.

Breuer, Marian; Zarzycki, Piotr P.; Blumberger, Jochen; Rosso, Kevin M.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Chaotic dynamics in accelerator physics. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

Substantial progress was in several areas of accelerator dynamics. For developing understanding of longitudinal adiabatic dynamics, and for creating efficiency enhancements of recirculating free-electron lasers, was substantially completed. A computer code for analyzing the critical KAM tori that bound the dynamic aperture in circular machines was developed. Studies of modes that arise due to the interaction of coating beams with a narrow-spectrum impedance have begun. During this research educational and research ties with the accelerator community at large have been strengthened.

Cary, J.R.

1992-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

324

Quasi-Dynamic Rating Pilot Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's DTCR technology, which encompasses a number of software tools, hardware tools, and methodologies, offers near-term solutions to overhead line rating problems. The Quasi-Dynamic Rating (QDR) concepts and tools developed in the 2004 pilot project are presented in this report.

2004-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

325

Task network-based project dynamic scheduling and schedule coordination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The resource-constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP) is an extensively explored area. The existing RCPSP solutions tend to focus on single project scheduling problems without practical supports to address complex constraints, dynamic environments, ... Keywords: Aircraft maintenance management, Dynamic scheduling, Multi-project scheduling, Resource-constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP), Schedule coordination

Qi Hao; Weiming Shen; Yunjiao Xue; Shuying Wang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Algebraic analysis on asymptotic stability of continuous dynamical systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a mechanisable technique for asymptotic stability analysis of continuous dynamical systems. We start from linearizing a continuous dynamical system, solving the Lyapunov matrix equation and then check whether the solution is ... Keywords: lyapunov functions, lyapunov matrix equations, real root classification, semi-algebraic sets

Zhikun She; Bai Xue; Zhiming Zheng

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

ICFA Beam Dynamics Newsletter  

SciTech Connect

The Collider-Accelerator Department at Brookhaven National Laboratory is building a high-brightness 500 mA capable Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) as one of its main R&D thrusts towards eRHIC, the polarized electron - hadron collider as an upgrade of the operating RHIC facility. The ERL is in final assembly stages, with injection commisioning starting in October 2012. The objective of this ERL is to serve as a platform for R&D into high current ERL, in particular issues of halo generation and control, Higher-Order Mode (HOM) issues, coherent emissions for the beam and high-brightness, high-power beam generation and preservation. The R&D ERL features a superconducting laser-photocathode RF gun with a high quantum efficiency photoccathode served with a load-lock cathode delivery system, a highly damped 5-cell accelerating cavity, a highly flexible single-pass loop and a comprehensive system of beam instrumentation. In this ICFA Beam Dynamics Newsletter article we will describe the ERL in a degree of detail that is not usually found in regular publications. We will discuss the various systems of the ERL, following the electrons from the photocathode to the beam dump, cover the control system, machine protection etc and summarize with the status of the ERL systems.

Ben-Zvi I.; Kuczewski A.; Altinbas, Z.; Beavis, D.; Belomestnykh,; Dai, J. et al

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Generation of Femtosecond Electron And Photon Pulses  

SciTech Connect

Femtosecond (fs) electron and photon pulses become a tool of increasing importance to study dynamics in ultrafast processes. Such short electron pulses can be generated from a system consisting of a thermionic-cathode RF-gun and a magnetic bunch compressor. The fs electron pulses can be used directly or used as a source to produce equally short electromagnetic radiation pulses via certain kind of radiation production processes. At the Fast Neutron Research Facility (FNRF), Thailand, we are especially interested in production of radiation in Farinfrared and X-ray regime. In the far-infrared wavelengths, the radiation emitted from fs electron pulses is emitted coherently resulting high intensity radiation. In the X-ray regime, development of fs X-ray sources is crucial for application in ultrafast sciene.

Thongbai, C.; Jinamoon, V.; Kangrang, M.; Kusoljariyakul, K.; Rimjaem, S.; Saisut, J.; Vilaithong, T.; Rhodes, M.W.; Wichaisirimongkol, P.; /Chiang Mai U.; Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC

2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

329

Electron fishbones: Theory and experimental evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the processes underlying the excitation of fishbone-like internal kink instabilities driven by supra-thermal electrons generated experimentally by different means: Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) and by Lower Hybrid (LH) power injection. The peculiarity and interest of exciting these electron fishbones by ECRH only or by LH only is also analyzed. Not only the mode stability is explained, but also the transition between steady state nonlinear oscillations to bursting (almost regular) pulsations, as observed in FTU, is interpreted in terms of the LH power input. These results are directly relevant to the investigation of trapped alpha particle interactions with low-frequency MHD modes in burning plasmas: in fact, alpha particles in reactor relevant conditions are characterized by small dimensionless orbits, similarly to electrons; the trapped particle bounce averaged dynamics, meanwhile, depends on energy and not mass.

Zonca, F; Cardinali, A; Chen, L; Dong, J -Q; Long, Y -X; Milovanov, A V; Romanelli, F; Smeulders, P; Wang, L; Wang, Z -T; Castaldo, C; Cesario, R; Giovannozzi, E; Marinucci, M; Ridolfini, V Pericoli

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Ultrafast electron beam imaging of femtosecond laser-induced plasma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ultrafast electron beam imaging of femtosecond laser-induced plasma Ultrafast electron beam imaging of femtosecond laser-induced plasma dynamics Title Ultrafast electron beam imaging of femtosecond laser-induced plasma dynamics Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Li, Junjie, Xuan Wang, Zhaoyang Chen, Richard Clinite, Samuel S. Mao, Pengfei Zhu, Zhengming Sheng, Jie Zhang, and Jianming Cao Journal Journal of Applied Physics Volume 107 Issue 8 Date Published 03/2010 Keywords copper, electron beam applications, high-speed optical techniques, laser ablation, plasma diagnostics, plasma production by laser Abstract Plasma dynamics in the early stage of laser ablation of a copper target are investigated in real time by making ultrafast electron shadow images and electron deflectometry measurements. These complementary techniques provide both a global view and a local perspective of the associated transient electric field and charge expansion dynamics. The results reveal that the charge cloud above the target surface is composed predominantly of thermally ejected electrons and that it is self-expanding, with a fast front-layer speed exceeding 107 m/s. The average electric field strength of the charge cloud induced by a pump fluence of 2.2 J/cm2 is estimated to be ∼ 2.4×105 V/m.

331

Toroidal solutions in Horava Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently a new four-dimensional non relativistic renormalizable theory of gravity was proposed by Horava. This gravity reduces to Einstein gravity at large distances. In this paper by using the new action for gravity we present different toroidal solutions to the equations of motion. Our solutions describe the near horizon geometry with slow rotating parameter.

Ahmad Ghodsi

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

332

TREATMENT OF AMMONIUM NITRATE SOLUTIONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The treatment of waste solutions obtained in the processing of neutron- irradiated uranium containing fission products and ammonium nitrate is described. The object of this process is to provide a method whereby the ammonium nitrate is destroyed and removed from the solution so as to permit subsequent concentration of the solution.. In accordance with the process the residual nitrate solutions are treated with an excess of alkyl acid anhydride, such as acetic anhydride. Preferably, the residual nitrate solution is added to an excess of the acetic anhydride at such a rate that external heat is not required. The result of this operation is that the ammonium nitrate and acetic anhydride react to form N/sub 2/ O and acetic acid.

Boyer, T.W.; MacHutchin, J.G.; Yaffe, L.

1958-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

333

Exact Solutions in Massive Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Massive gravity is a good theoretical laboratory to study modifications of General Relativity. The theory offers a concrete set-up to study models of dark energy, since it admits cosmological self-accelerating solutions in the vacuum, in which the size of the acceleration depends on the graviton mass. Moreover, non-linear gravitational self-interactions, in the proximity of a matter source, manage to mimic the predictions of linearised General Relativity, hence agreeing with solar-system precision measurements. In this article, we review our work in the subject, classifying, on one hand, static solutions, and on the other hand, self-accelerating backgrounds. For what respects static solutions we exhibit black hole configurations, together with other solutions that recover General Relativity near a source via the Vainshtein mechanism. For the self-accelerating solutions we describe a wide class of cosmological backgrounds, including an analysis of their stability.

Gianmassimo Tasinato; Kazuya Koyama; Gustavo Niz

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

334

NIST: Ultraviolet Photoemission Electron Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultraviolet Photoemission Electron Microscopy. Summary: Ultraviolet photoemission electron microscopy is used to study ...

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

335

Multifamily Home Energy Solutions Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Multifamily Home Energy Solutions Program Multifamily Home Energy Solutions Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Manufacturing Water Heating Program Info Funding Source Public Benefit Fund State Oregon Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Windows: $2-$3/sq ft, depending on U-value, glazing and type of heating Heat Pumps: $200 - $600, varies by efficiency and original heating type High-Efficiency Gas Boiler: $200 Gas Furnace: $150 Insulation: $0.30-$4 per square foot Exterior Doors: $25

336

Harsh environments electronics : downhole applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development and operational sustainment of renewable (geothermal) and non-renewable (fossil fuel) energy resources will be accompanied by increasingly higher costs factors: exploration and site preparation, operational maintenance and repair. Increased government oversight in the wake of the Gulf oil spill will only add to the cost burden. It is important to understand that downhole conditions are not just about elevated temperatures. It is often construed that military electronics are exposed to the upper limit in terms of extreme service environments. Probably the harshest of all service conditions for electronics and electrical equipment are those in oil, gas, and geothermal wells. From the technology perspective, advanced materials, sensors, and microelectronics devices are benefificial to the exploration and sustainment of energy resources, especially in terms of lower costs. Besides the need for the science that creates these breakthroughs - there is also a need for sustained engineering development and testing. Downhole oil, gas, and geothermal well applications can have a wide range of environments and reliability requirements: Temperature, Pressure, Vibration, Corrosion, and Service duration. All too frequently, these conditions are not well-defifined because the application is labeled as 'high temperature'. This ambiguity is problematic when the investigation turns to new approaches for electronic packaging solutions. The objective is to develop harsh environment, electronic packaging that meets customer requirements of cost, performance, and reliability. There are a number of challenges: (1) Materials sets - solder alloys, substrate materials; (2) Manufacturing process - low to middle volumes, low defect counts, new equipment technologies; and (3) Reliability testing - requirements documents, test methods and modeling, relevant standards documents. The cost to develop and sustain renewable and non-renewable energy resources will continue to escalate within the industry. Downhole electronics can provide a very cost-effective approach for well exploration and sustainment (data logging). However, the harsh environments are a 'game-changer' in terms defining materials, assembly processes and the long-term reliability of downhole electronic systems. The system-level approach will enable the integration of each of these contributors - materials, processes, and reliability - in order to deliver cost-effective electronics that meet customer requirements.

Vianco, Paul Thomas

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Instrument Series: Microscopy Environmental Transmission Electron Microscope  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Transmission Environmental Transmission Electron Microscope EMSL's environmental transmission electron microscope (ETEM) provides in situ capabilities that enable atomic-resolution imaging and spectroscopic studies of materials under dynamic operating conditions. In contrast to traditional operation of TEM under high vacuum, EMSL's ETEM uniquely allows imaging within high- temperature and gas environments-with a gas pressure up to 20 Torr. With a spherical aberration corrector for the objective lens, the ETEM captures atomic-level processes as they occur, enabling vital research across a range of scientific fields. Research Applications Chemical science and engineering - providing in situ observation of catalytic processes with atomic-level resolution Materials science and engineering - allowing

338

Energy Sharing in the 2-Electron Attosecond Streak Camera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the recently developed concept of the 2-electron streak camera (see NJP 12, 103024 (2010)), we have studied the energy-sharing between the two ionizing electrons in single-photon double ionization of He(1s2s). We find that the most symmetric and asymmetric energy sharings correspond to different ionization dynamics with the ion's Coulomb potential significantly influencing the latter. This different dynamics for the two extreme energy sharings gives rise to different patterns in asymptotic observables and different time-delays between the emission of the two electrons. We show that the 2-electron streak camera resolves the time-delays between the emission of the two electrons for different energy sharings.

Price, H; Emmanouilidou, A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Optimal Compensation Algorithms for a Dynamic Voltage Restorer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) as an electronics based custom device, is used to protect sensitive loads from the voltage sags in the power distribution system. With the rapid technology advancement in industrial control processes, it is experiencing ... Keywords: Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR), power quality, voltage sag, Zero Active Power Compensation (ZAPC), Minimal Active Power Compensation (MAPC)

Deng Pan; Chen Zhongming; Jiang Peng; Abdelkrim Benchaib; Guillaume De Preville

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Chaos in an ion-channel free-electron laser with realistic helical wiggler  

SciTech Connect

Chaotic behavior of an electron motion in a free-electron laser with realistic helical wiggler and ion-channel guiding is studied using Poincare surface-of-section maps. The effects of a realistic electron beam density on chaotic electron dynamics are investigated by considering an electron beam with Gaussian density profile in radial distance. The effects of self-fields on chaotic electron dynamics are investigated for different Gaussian beam parameters, and the results are compared with those of uniform electron beam. It is shown that the electron chaotic behavior can be controlled by changing the Gaussian beam parameter. Also, the chaotic behavior can be controlled by increasing the ion-channel and/or the electron beam densities.

Esmaeilzadeh, Mahdi [Department of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran 16844 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Taghavi, Amin [Department of Applied Science, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Nonsequential double ionization below laser-intensity threshold: Anticorrelation of electrons without excitation of parent ion  

SciTech Connect

Two-electron correlated spectra of nonsequential double ionization below laser-intensity threshold are known to exhibit back-to-back scattering of the electrons, i.e., the anticorrelation of the electrons. Currently, the widely accepted interpretation of the anticorrelation is recollision-induced excitation of the ion plus subsequent field ionization of the second electron. We argue that another mechanism, namely, simultaneous electron emission, when the time of return of the rescattered electron is equal to the time of liberation of the bounded electron (i.e., the ion has no time for excitation), can also explain the anticorrelation of the electrons in the deep, below laser-intensity threshold regime. Our conclusion is based on the results of the numerical solution of the time-dependent Schroedinger equation for a model system of two one-dimensional electrons, as well as on an adiabatic analytic model that allows for a closed-form solution.

Bondar, D. I. [University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada); Yudin, G. L. [National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada); Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec J1K 2R1 (Canada); Liu, W.-K. [University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Ivanov, M. Yu. [Imperial College, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Bandrauk, A. D. [Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec J1K 2R1 (Canada)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Chapter 9: Electronics  

SciTech Connect

Sophisticated front-end electronics are a key part of practically all modern radiation detector systems. This chapter introduces the basic principles and their implementation. Topics include signal acquisition, electronic noise, pulse shaping (analog and digital), and data readout techniques.

Grupen, Claus; Shwartz, Boris A.

2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

343

Electron Photon Absorbed Dose  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is in progress, with preliminary results obtained for both high-energy electrons (at the ... of Clinac 12 MeV, 16 MeV and 20 MeV electron beams at ...

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

344

Catalac free electron laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalac free electron laser using a rf linac (catalac) which acts as a catalyst to accelerate an electron beam in an initial pass through the catalac and decelerate the electron beam during a second pass through the catalac is described. During the second pass through the catalac, energy is extracted from the electron beam and transformed to energy of the accelerating fields of the catalac to increase efficiency of the device. Various embodiments disclose the use of post linacs to add electron beam energy extracted by the wiggler and the use of supplementary catalacs to extract energy at various energy peaks produced by the free electron laser wiggler to further enhance efficiency of the catalac free electron laser. The catalac free electron laser can be used in conjunction with a simple resonator, a ring resonator, or as an amplifier in conjunction with a master oscillator laser.

Brau, C.A.; Swenson, D.A.; Boyd, T.J. Jr.

1979-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

345

Relativistic electron beam generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A relativistic electron beam generator for laser media excitation is described. The device employs a diode type relativistic electron beam source having a cathode shape which provides a rectangular output beam with uniform current density.

Mooney, L.J.; Hyatt, H.M.

1975-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

346

Catalac free electron laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalac free electron laser using a rf linac (catalac) which acts as a catalyst to accelerate an electron beam in an initial pass through the catalac and decelerate the electron beam during a second pass through the catalac. During the second pass through the catalac, energy is extracted from the electron beam and transformed to energy of the accelerating fields of the catalac to increase efficiency of the device. Various embodiments disclose the use of post linacs to add electron beam energy extracted by the wiggler and the use of supplementary catalacs to extract energy at various energy peaks produced by the free electron laser wiggler to further enhance efficiency of the catalac free electron laser. The catalac free electron laser can be used in conjunction with a simple resonator, a ring resonator or as an amplifier in conjunction with a master oscillator laser.

Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyd, Jr., Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

FREE-ELECTRON LASERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1977. First Operation of a Free-Electron Laser. Phys . __Radiation from a High-Gain Free-Electeon Lasee Amplifier. ~1984. Variable-Wiggler Free-Electron-Laser Oscillat.ion.

Sessler, A.M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Foil Electron Multiplier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Foil Electron Multiplier Foil Electron Multiplier Foil Electron Multiplier An apparatus for electron multiplication by transmission that is designed with at least one foil having a front side for receiving incident particles and a back side for transmitting secondary electrons that are produced from the incident particles transiting through the foil. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Foil Electron Multiplier An apparatus for electron multiplication by transmission that is designed with at least one foil having a front side for receiving incident particles and a back side for transmitting secondary electrons that are produced from the incident particles transiting through the foil. The foil thickness enables the incident particles to travel through the foil and continue on

349

Theorectical Studies of Excitation in Low-Energy Electron-Polyatomic Molecule Collisions  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on the channeling of energy from electronic to nuclear degrees of freedom in electron-polyatomic molecule collisions. We examine the feasibility of attacking the full scattering problem, both the fixed-nuclei electronic problem and the post-collision nuclear dynamics, entirely from first principles. The electron-CO{sub 2} system is presented as an example. We study resonant vibrational excitation, showing how a6 initio, fixed-nuclei electronic cross sections can provide the necessary input for a multi-dimensional treatment of the nuclear vibrational dynamics.

Rescigno, T N; McCurdy, C W; Isaacs, W A; Orel, A E; Meyer, H D

2001-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

350

K2 Energy Solutions formerly Peak Energy Solutions | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Solutions formerly Peak Energy Solutions Energy Solutions formerly Peak Energy Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name K2 Energy Solutions (formerly Peak Energy Solutions) Place Henderson, Nevada Zip 89074 Product Nevada-based designer and fabricator of Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) batteries for such applications as EVs, power tools and larger-scale storage. Coordinates 38.83461°, -82.140509° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.83461,"lon":-82.140509,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

351

New Solutions Require New Thinking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solutions Require Solutions Require New Thinking America's demand for power threatens to overburden an already congested electric system. The U.S. Department of Energy is addressing these energy challenges with innovative solutions to energy generation. Its Renewable and Distributed Systems Integration (RDSI) Program is helping to alleviate congestion, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and improve reliability by investigating answers such as * Microgrid technologies * Distributed generation * Two-way communication systems * Demand response programs Reducing Peak Demand The RDSI program aims to reduce peak load on distribution feeders 20% by 2015. To help achieve this goal, RDSI is sponsoring demonstration projects nationwide. From California to New York, these projects are

352

Langevin dynamics of heavy flavors in relativistic heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the stochastic dynamics of c and b quarks, produced in hard initial processes, in the hot medium created after the collision of two relativistic heavy ions. This is done through the numerical solution of the relativistic Langevin equation. The latter requires the knowledge of the friction and diffusion coefficients, whose microscopic evaluation is performed treating separately the contribution of soft and hard collisions. The evolution of the background medium is described by ideal/viscous hydrodynamics. Below the critical temperature the heavy quarks are converted into hadrons, whose semileptonic decays provide single-electron spectra to be compared with the current experimental data measured at RHIC. We focus on the nuclear modification factor R_AA and on the elliptic-flow coefficient v_2, getting, for sufficiently large p_T, a reasonable agreement.

W. M. Alberico; A. Beraudo; A. De Pace; A. Molinari; M. Monteno; M. Nardi; F. Prino

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

353

Langevin dynamics of heavy flavors in relativistic heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the stochastic dynamics of c and b quarks, produced in hard initial processes, in the hot medium created after the collision of two relativistic heavy ions. This is done through the numerical solution of the relativistic Langevin equation. The latter requires the knowledge of the friction and diffusion coefficients, whose microscopic evaluation is performed treating separately the contribution of soft and hard collisions. The evolution of the background medium is described by ideal/viscous hydrodynamics. Below the critical temperature the heavy quarks are converted into hadrons, whose semileptonic decays provide single-electron spectra to be compared with the current experimental data measured at RHIC. We focus on the nuclear modification factor R_AA and on the elliptic-flow coefficient v_2, getting, for sufficiently large p_T, a reasonable agreement.

Alberico, W M; De Pace, A; Molinari, A; Monteno, M; Nardi, M; Prino, F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Instability and morphology of polymer solutions coating a fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report an experimental study on the dynamics of a thin film of polymer solution coating a vertical fiber. The liquid film has first a constant thickness and then undergoes the Rayleigh-Plateau instability which leads to the formation of sequences of drops, separated by a thin film, moving down at a constant velocity. Different polymer solutions are used, i.e. xanthan solutions and polyacrylamide (PAAm) solutions. These solutions both exhibit shear-rate dependence of the viscosity, but for PAAm solutions, there are strong normal stresses in addition of the shear-thinning effect. We characterize experimentally and separately the effects of these two non-Newtonian properties on the flow on the fiber. Thus, in the flat film observed before the emergence of the drops, only shear-thinning effect plays a role and tends to thin the film compared to the Newtonian case. The effect of the non-Newtonian rheology on the Rayleigh-Plateau instability is then investigated through the measurements of the growth rate and th...

Boulogne, François; Giorgiutti-Dauphiné, Frédérique

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Instability and morphology of polymer solutions coating a fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report an experimental study on the dynamics of a thin film of polymer solution coating a vertical fiber. The liquid film has first a constant thickness and then undergoes the Rayleigh-Plateau instability which leads to the formation of sequences of drops, separated by a thin film, moving down at a constant velocity. Different polymer solutions are used, i.e. xanthan solutions and polyacrylamide (PAAm) solutions. These solutions both exhibit shear-rate dependence of the viscosity, but for PAAm solutions, there are strong normal stresses in addition of the shear-thinning effect. We characterize experimentally and separately the effects of these two non-Newtonian properties on the flow on the fiber. Thus, in the flat film observed before the emergence of the drops, only shear-thinning effect plays a role and tends to thin the film compared to the Newtonian case. The effect of the non-Newtonian rheology on the Rayleigh-Plateau instability is then investigated through the measurements of the growth rate and the wavelength of the instability. Results are in good agreement with linear stability analysis for a shear-thinning fluid. The effect of normal stress can be taken into account by considering an effective surface tension which tends to decrease the growth rate of the instability. Finally, the dependence of the morphology of the drops with the normal stress is investigated and a simplified model including the normal stress within the lubrication approximation provides good quantitative results on the shape of the drops.

François Boulogne; Ludovic Pauchard; Frédérique Giorgiutti-Dauphiné

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

356

Electronic Materials: Web resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 11, 2008 ... WEB: NETWORKS MATEC, Maricopa Community Colleges. NSF resource center focused on semiconductor and electronics education, 0, 811 ...

357

Electron Based Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Characterization of Materials through High Resolution Coherent Imaging: Electron Based Techniques Sponsored by: TMS Structural Materials ...

358

Electron Backscatter Diffraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2011 ... Recent Advances in Structural Characterization of Materials: Electron Backscatter Diffraction Sponsored by: MS&T Organization Program ...

359

Genomics of Electronic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Metamaterials; Highly correlated electron materials, eg superconductors, such as ... A near-field scanning microwave microscope for characterization ...

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

360

BNL | CFN: Electronic Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

goals of our CFN research program in Electronic Nanomaterials involve implementing nanostructures for photovoltaic, photochemical, and electrochemical energy conversion. Our...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Auger electron spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

A review of Auger electron spectroscopy is presented. Methods, resolution, sensitivity, and uses are discussed. 30 references, 10 figures. (GHT)

Somorjai, G.A.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... DSP-based signal generator and analyzer to ... background and provide direct measurement of ... temperature electronics to drive our superconducting ...

2012-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

363

Usage of Electronic Monograph  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usage of Electronic Monograph. The following table shows the approximate usage of the monograph since April 1998. ...

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

364

Electron beam device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent pertains to an electron beam device in which a hollow target is symmetrically irradiated by a high energy, pulsed electron beam about its periphery and wherein the outer portion of the target has a thickness slightly greater than required to absorb the electron beam pulse energy. (auth)

Beckner, E.H.; Clauser, M.J.

1975-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

365

ELECTRONS IN NONPOLAR LIQUIDS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Excess electrons can be introduced into liquids by absorption of high energy radiation, by photoionization, or by photoinjection from metal surfaces. The electron's chemical and physical properties can then be measured, but this requires that the electrons remain free. That is, the liquid must be sufficiently free of electron attaching impurities for these studies. The drift mobility as well as other transport properties of the electron are discussed here as well as electron reactions, free-ion yields and energy levels, Ionization processes typically produce electrons with excess kinetic energy. In liquids during thermalization, where this excess energy is lost to bath molecules, the electrons travel some distance from their geminate positive ions. In general the electrons at this point are still within the coulombic field of their geminate ions and a large fraction of the electrons recombine. However, some electrons escape recombination and the yield that escapes to become free electrons and ions is termed G{sub fi}. Reported values of G{sub fi} for molecular liquids range from 0.05 to 1.1 per 100 eV of energy absorbed. The reasons for this 20-fold range of yields are discussed here.

HOLROYD,R.A.

2002-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

366

Excursions in Chemical Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009). [118] F. A. Cotton, Chemical Applications of GroupExcursions in Chemical Dynamics by Shervin Fatehi AFall 2010 Excursions in Chemical Dynamics Copyright 2010 by

Fatehi, Shervin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Electronic collection management and electronic information services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the life cycle of information products has become increasingly digital from “cradle to grave”, the nature of electronic information management has dramatically changed. These changes have brought new strategies and methods as well as new ...

Gladys Cotter; Bonnie Carroll; Gail Hodge; Andrea Japzon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Thick $f(R)$-Brane Solutions in Maximally Symmetric Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to present an alternative way of finding thick brane solutions in metric $f(R)$ gravity with a background scalar field. Our main idea is to constrain the bulk curvature as a constant, so that all the dynamical equations reduce to second or even first order ones. To prevent our work from the problem of singularity, we give up the Gaussian normal coordinates. Instead, a more general metric is applied as our set up. The studies we have performed show that as an arbitrary symmetric warp factor $a(y)$ is given, the solution of the background scalar field is determined only by the value of $df(R)/dR$. Different values of $f(R)$ would lead to various types of distribution of the energy density. As another new feature, the kink-like solution of the background scalar field might, but not necessarily connect two extreme points of the scalar potential.

Zhong, Yuan; Yang, Ke

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Sol Solution | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solution Solution Jump to: navigation, search Name Sol Solution Place Los Gatos, California Zip 95030 Sector Solar Product Rainbow Concentrator, Current matching multijunction Solar Cell Year founded 2008 Website http://www.Sol-Solution.net Coordinates 37.216351719361°, -121.9694852829° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.216351719361,"lon":-121.9694852829,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

370

Natural Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Solutions Natural Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Natural Solutions Name Natural Solutions Address 3715 Briarwood Dr. Place Cedar Falls, Iowa Zip 50613 Sector Solar Product solar and wind systems Phone number 319-277-7842 Website http://www.naturalsolutions-sk Coordinates 42.5048475°, -92.434048° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5048475,"lon":-92.434048,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

371

Heinsight Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heinsight Solutions Heinsight Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Heinsight Solutions Name Heinsight Solutions Address 217 Pine Street Place Fort Collins, Colorado Zip 80524 Sector Efficiency Product Skylight and solar water heating installation Website http://www.heinsightsolutions. Coordinates 40.5891279°, -105.0765009° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.5891279,"lon":-105.0765009,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

372

Soy Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Milford, Iowa Zip 51351 Product Manufacturer and distributor of 100 percent Soy-Based Biodiesel References Soy Solutions1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase...

373

Is Nuclear Energy the Solution?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10.1007/s11270-009-0270-y Is Nuclear Energy the Solution?MHS) attended a lecture on “Nuclear Responsibility” on theof the Alliance for Nuclear Responsibility. The information

Saier, Milton H.; Trevors, Jack T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation Express Licensing Acoustic Concentration Of Particles In Fluid Flow Express Licensing Apparatus And Method For Hydrogen And Oxygen Mass Spectrometry Of The Terrestrial Magnetosphere Express Licensing Apparatus And Method For Temperature Correction And Expanded Count Rate Of Inorganic Scintillation Detectors Express Licensing Composition and method for removing photoresist materials from electronic components Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator Negotiable Licensing Electrochemical Apparatus with Disposable and Modifiable Parts Express Licensing Foil electron multiplier Express Licensing Hydrogen Sensor

375

JLAB Electron Driver Capabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several schemes have been proposed for adding a positron beam option at the Continuous Electron Beam Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Laboratory (JLAB). They involve using a primary beam of electrons or gamma rays striking a target to produce a positron beam. At JLAB electron beams are produced and used in two different accelerators, CEBAF and the JLAB FEL (Free Electron Laser). Both have low emittance and energy spread. The CEBAF beam is polarized. The FEL beam is unpolarized but the injector can produce a higher current electron beam. In this paper we describe the characteristics of these beams and the parameters relevant for positron production.

Kazimi, Reza [Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

376

High brightness electron accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high brightness linear accelerator is provided for use, e.g., in a free electron laser. The accelerator has a first plurality of acclerating cavities having end walls with four coupling slots for accelerating electrons to high velocities in the absence of quadrupole fields. A second plurality of cavities receives the high velocity electrons for further acceleration, where each of the second cavities has end walls with two coupling slots for acceleration in the absence of dipole fields. The accelerator also includes a first cavity with an extended length to provide for phase matching the electron beam along the accelerating cavities. A solenoid is provided about the photocathode that emits the electrons, where the solenoid is configured to provide a substantially uniform magnetic field over the photocathode surface to minimize emittance of the electrons as the electrons enter the first cavity.

Sheffield, R.L.; Carlsten, B.E.; Young, L.M.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

377

Vehicle Technologies Office: Power Electronics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Electronics to Power Electronics to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Power Electronics on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Power Electronics on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Power Electronics on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Power Electronics on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Power Electronics on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Power Electronics on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Power Electronics Electrical Machines Thermal Control & System Integration Advanced Combustion Engines Fuels & Lubricants Materials Technologies Power Electronics The power electronics activity focuses on research and development (R&D)

378

Physics Out Loud - Electron Scattering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Electromagnetic Force) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Electrons) Electrons Electron Scattering Jefferson Lab's Hall A Leader, Cynthia Keppel, explains how nuclear...

379

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Wednesday, November 6, 2013 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Christopher Tassone, SSRL Polymer bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells have attracted significant attention in industry and academia because of their potential for achieving large-area, light-weight, and flexible photovoltaic devices through cost-effective solution deposition techniques. These devices consist of a blend of an absorbing polymer and an electron accepting fullerene, the molecular packing and phase segregation of which heavily influence power conversion efficiency by effecting important processes such as exciton splitting, charge transport, and recombination. Understanding and utilization of molecular interactions to predicatively control the

380

Burbank Water and Power - Energy Solutions Business Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Solutions Business Rebate Program Energy Solutions Business Rebate Program Burbank Water and Power - Energy Solutions Business Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Nonprofit Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Maximum Rebate Each incentive will may not exceed 25% of the installed cost of a measure. The annual customer rebate total may not exceed $100,000. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central Air Conditioning: $150 - $500 per ton Heat Pump Retrofits: $175 - $525 per ton Motor Replacements: $35 - $1,260 Thermal Energy Storage: $800 per KW saved Lighting/Chiller Retrofits/Cool Roofing: $0.05 per first year kWh savings

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Home Energy Solutions for Existing Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Energy Solutions for Existing Homes Home Energy Solutions for Existing Homes Home Energy Solutions for Existing Homes < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Funding Source Public Benefits Fund State Oregon Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Sealing: $150 Duct Insulation: 50% of cost up to $100 Gas Boiler: $200 Direct Vent Gas Fireplace: $200-$250 Direct Vent Gas Unit Heater: $100 Heat Pumps: $250 - $450, depending on efficiency and previous heating system Heat Pump Test: $150 Heat Pump Advanced Controls: $250 Ductless Heat Pump: $800

382

RELATIVISTIC GLOBAL SOLUTIONS OF NEUTRINO-DOMINATED ACCRETION FLOWS  

SciTech Connect

Neutrino-dominated accretion flows (NDAFs) around rotating stellar-mass black holes are plausible candidates for the central engines of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We investigate one-dimensional global solutions of NDAFs, taking into account general relativity in the Kerr metric, neutrino physics, and nucleosynthesis more precisely than previous works. We calculate 16 solutions with different characterized accretion rates and black hole spins to exhibit the radial distributions of various physical properties in NDAFs. We confirm that the electron degeneracy has important effects in NDAFs and we find that the electron fraction is about 0.46 in the outer region for all 16 solutions. From the perspective of the mass fraction, free nucleons, {sup 4}He, and {sup 5}6Fe dominate in the inner, middle, and outer regions, respectively. The influence of neutrino trapping on the annihilation is of importance for the superhigh accretion ( M-dot =10 M{sub sun} s{sup -1}) and most of the 16 solutions have an adequate annihilation luminosity for GRBs.

Xue Li; Liu Tong; Gu Weimin; Lu Jufu, E-mail: tongliu@xmu.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy and Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Attosecond X-Ray Pulses for Molecular Electronic Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stretcher consists of a glass block, with the third-ordertriggered so as to Glass block To amplifier TOD correctionpulse travels through the glass block, it is dispersion of

Abel, Mark Joseph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Interfacial electron transfer dynamics of photosensitized zinc oxide nanoclusters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors have prepared and characterized photosensitized zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoclusters, dispersed in methanol, using carboxylated coumarin dyes for surface adsorption. Femtosecond time-resolved emission spectroscopy allows the authors to measure the photo-induced charge carrier injection rate constant from the adsorbed photosensitizer to the n-type semiconductor nanocluster. These results are compared with other photosensitized semiconductors.

Murakoshi, Kei; Yanagida, Shozo [Osaka Univ. (Japan). Graduate School of Engineering; Capel, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Electronic, Mechanical and Dynamical Prorperties of AB2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... with the parameterization of the atomic, physical properties of constituent elements. ... A Phase Field Finite Element Approach to Simulate Shape Memory Actuators .... Two-dimensional Numerical Study on the Growth of Sea Ice Crystals with ...

386

Attosecond X-Ray Pulses for Molecular Electronic Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the neutral gas be tuned so that its positive dispersionpositive dispersion of the remaining neutral generation gas[

Abel, Mark Joseph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

ccsd00001980, Electron dynamics at the initial stage of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Institute of Physics, Georgian Academy of Sciences, 380077 Tbilisi, Georgia, e Association Euratom

388

Ultrafast Electron Diffraction Studies of Lattice Dynamics in Thin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

What Can we Learn from Atomic Scale Calculations of Grain Boundary Properties? What Can We Learn from Measurements of Li-ion Battery Single Particles?

389

Electron-Photon Interactions in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene's low-energy electronic excitations obey a 2+1 dimensional Dirac Hamiltonian. After extending this Hamiltonian to include interactions with a quantized electromagnetic field, we calculate the amplitude associated with the simplest, tree-level Feynman diagram: the vertex connecting a photon with two electrons. This amplitude leads to analytic expressions for the 3D angular dependence of photon emission, the photon-mediated electron-hole recombination rate, and corrections to graphene's opacity $\\pi \\alpha$ and dynamic conductivity $\\pi e^2/2 h$ for situations away from thermal equilibrium, as would occur in a graphene laser. We find that Ohmic dissipation in perfect graphene can be attributed to spontaneous emission.

Mecklenburg, Matthew; Regan, B C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Powerit Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Powerit Solutions Powerit Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name Powerit Solutions Address 568 First Ave South Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98104 Sector Efficiency Product Allows business customers to control their energy usage online Website http://www.poweritsolutions.co Coordinates 47.5977906°, -122.3341632° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.5977906,"lon":-122.3341632,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

391

DYNAMICS AND AFTERGLOW LIGHT CURVES OF GAMMA-RAY BURST BLAST WAVES WITH A LONG-LIVED REVERSE SHOCK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We perform a detailed study on the dynamics of a relativistic blast wave with the presence of a long-lived reverse shock (RS). Although a short-lived RS has been widely considered, the RS is believed to be long-lived as a consequence of a stratification expected on the ejecta Lorentz factors. The existence of a long-lived RS causes the forward shock (FS) dynamics to deviate from a self-similar Blandford-McKee solution. Employing the ''mechanical model'' that correctly incorporates the energy conservation, we present an accurate solution for both the FS and RS dynamics. We conduct a sophisticated calculation of the afterglow emission. Adopting a Lagrangian description of the blast wave, we keep track of an adiabatic evolution of numerous shells between the FS and RS. An evolution of the electron spectrum is also followed individually for every shell. We then find the FS and RS light curves by integrating over the entire FS and RS shocked regions, respectively. Exploring a total of 20 different ejecta stratifications, we explain in detail how a stratified ejecta affects its blast wave dynamics and afterglow light curves. We show that, while the FS light curves are not sensitive to the ejecta stratifications, the RS light curves exhibit much richer features, including steep declines, plateaus, bumps, re-brightenings, and a variety of temporal decay indices. These distinctive RS features may be observable if the RS has higher values of the microphysics parameters than the FS. We discuss possible applications of our results in understanding the gamma-ray burst afterglow data.

Uhm, Z. Lucas; Zhang Bing [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nevada-Las Vegas, 4505 South Maryland Parkway, Las Vegas, NV 89154 (United States); Hascoeet, Romain; Daigne, Frederic; Mochkovitch, Robert [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095 Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-CNRS, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Park, Il H., E-mail: uhm@physics.unlv.edu [Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

392

Field emission electron source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel field emitter material, field emission electron source, and commercially feasible fabrication method is described. The inventive field emission electron source produces reliable electron currents of up to 400 mA/cm.sup.2 at 200 volts. The emitter is robust and the current it produces is not sensitive to variability of vacuum or the distance between the emitter tip and the cathode. The novel emitter has a sharp turn-on near 100 volts.

Zettl, Alexander Karlwalter (Kensington, CA); Cohen, Marvin Lou (Berkeley, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

NIST Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... leading a national and international effort in electron paramagnetic resonance ... centers (molecules or atoms with unpaired electrons) are produced ...

394

Electrodialysis operation with buffer solution  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new method for improving the efficiency of electrodialysis (ED) cells and stacks, in particular those used in chemical synthesis. The process entails adding a buffer solution to the stack for subsequent depletion in the stack during electrolysis. The buffer solution is regenerated continuously after depletion. This buffer process serves to control the hydrogen ion or hydroxide ion concentration so as to protect the active sites of electrodialysis membranes. The process enables electrodialysis processing options for products that are sensitive to pH changes.

Hryn, John N. (Naperville, IL); Daniels, Edward J. (Orland Park, IL); Krumdick, Greg K. (Crete, IL)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Excitons and Excess Electrons in Nanometer Size Molecular Polyoxotitanate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Excitons and Excess Electrons in Nanometer Size Molecular Polyoxotitanate Excitons and Excess Electrons in Nanometer Size Molecular Polyoxotitanate Clusters: Electronic Spectra, Exciton Dynamics, and Surface States Jianhua Bao, Zhihao Yu, Lars Gundlach, Jason B. Benedict, Philip Coppens, Hung Cheng Chen, John R. Miller and Piotr Piotrowiak J. Phys. Chem. B 117, 4422-4430 (2013). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: The behavior of excitons and excess electrons in the confined space of a molecular polyoxotitanate cluster Ti17(mu4-O)4(mu3-O)16(mu2-O)4(OPri)20 (in short Ti17) was studied using femtosecond pump-probe transient absorption, pulse radiolysis, and fluorescence spectroscopy. Due to pronounced quantum size effects, the electronic spectra of the exciton, Ti17*, and the excess electron carrying radical anion, Ti17(center dot-), are blue-shifted in

396

Investigation of efficiency optimization in free electron lasers  

SciTech Connect

The dynamics of trapped particles in the presence of the wiggler magnetic field and the electromagnetic radiation field in free electron lasers were investigated. From the results of computer simulations, it was found that, for a given set of parameters, the efficiency of energy extraction from the electron beam maximizes at a particular intensity of the electromagnetic radiation. Based on the physical argument of the dynamics of the trapped particles, a criterion which predicts accurately the optimum intensity of the electromagnetic radiation was obtained. (TFD)

Kwan, T.J.T.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Electronic Nanodevices Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... such as charge and energy transfer occur at ... screened for their potential integration into electronic ... of electrical transport processes in such systems. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

398

Scanning Electron Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Bob Gordon of Hitachi explains that the electrons are produced by a tungsten filament, just like in an incandescent light bulb, but since the sample ...

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

399

Electron Beam Melting (EBM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2011 ... Additive Manufacturing of Metals: Electron Beam Melting (EBM) I Sponsored by: MS&T Organization Program Organizers: Ian D. Harris, EWI; ...

400

Metrology Electron Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metrology Electron Microscopy. Technical Contact: Joseph (Joe) Fu. 301-975-3795. Figure 1. SRM 484f Sample and its Micrograph. ...

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Electron caustic lithography  

SciTech Connect

A maskless method of electron beam lithography is described which uses the reflection of an electron beam from an electrostatic mirror to produce caustics in the demagnified image projected onto a resist-coated wafer. By varying the electron optics, e.g. via objective lens defocus, both the morphology and dimensions of the caustic features may be controlled, producing a range of bright and tightly focused projected features. The method is illustrated for line and fold caustics and is complementary to other methods of reflective electron beam lithography.

Kennedy, S. M.; Zheng, C. X.; Tang, W. X.; Paganin, D. M.; Jesson, D. E. [School of Physics, Monash University, Victoria, 3800 (Australia); Fu, J. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Monash University, Victoria, 3800 (Australia)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

Electron Beam Melting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 9, 2012 ... Additive Manufacturing of Metals: Electron Beam Melting Program Organizers: Ian Harris, EWI; Ola Harrysson, North Carolina State University; ...

403

Free electron lasers  

SciTech Connect

A review of experimental and theoretical concepts of a free electron laser is given. The possibilities of scaling these lasers to high powers are discussed. (MOW)

Brau, C.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Carbon Fiber Electronic Interconnects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Carbon fiber is an emerging material in electrical and electronics industry. It has been used as contact in many applications, such as switch, potentiometer, and… (more)

Deng, Yuliang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Recycling Electronic Waste - Website  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 18, 2010 ... Joined: 2/13/2007. Below is a link to a website that has articles on recycling electronic waste. http://www.scientificamerican....ectronic-waste- ...

406

BNL | CFN: Electron Microscopy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and chemistry at the atomic scale is crucial to modern materials science and nanotechnology. Advanced electron microscopy can provide the fundamental knowledge that will...

407

Drift and ion acoustic wave driven vortices with superthermal electrons  

SciTech Connect

Linear and nonlinear analysis of coupled drift and acoustic mode is presented in an inhomogeneous electron-ion plasma with {kappa}-distributed electrons. A linear dispersion relation is found which shows that the phase speed of both the drift wave and the ion acoustic wave decreases in the presence of superthermal electrons. Several limiting cases are also discussed. In the nonlinear regime, stationary solutions in the form of dipolar and monopolar vortices are obtained. It is shown that the condition for the boundedness of the solution implies that the speed of drift wave driven vortices reduces with increase in superthermality effect. Ignoring density inhomogeniety, it is investigated that the lower and upper limits on the speed of the ion acoustic driven vortices spread with the inclusion of high energy electrons. The importance of results with reference to space plasmas is also pointed out.

Ali Shan, S. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); National Centre For Physics (NCP), Shahdra Valley Road, QAU Campus, 44000 Islamabad (Pakistan); Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad (Pakistan); Haque, Q. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); National Centre For Physics (NCP), Shahdra Valley Road, QAU Campus, 44000 Islamabad (Pakistan)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Trapped electron losses by interactions with coherent VLF waves  

SciTech Connect

VLF whistler waves from lightning enter the magnetosphere and cause the precipitation of energetic trapped electrons by pitch angle scattering. These events, known as Lightning-induced Electron Precipitation (LEP) have been detected by satellite and rocket instruments and by perturbations of VLF waves traveling in the earth-ionosphere waveguide. Detailed comparison of precipitating electron energy spectra and time dependence are in general agreement with calculations of trapped electron interactions with ducted whistler waves. In particular the temporal structure of the precipitation and the dynamic energy spectra of the electrons confirm this interpretation of the phenomena. There are discrepancies between observed and measured electron flux intensities and pitch angle distributions, but these quantities are sensitive to unknown wave intensities and trapped particle fluxes near the loss cone angle. The overall effect of lightning generated VLF waves on the lifetime of trapped electrons is still uncertain. The flux of electrons deflected into the bounce loss cone by a discrete whistler wave has been measured in a few cases. However, the area of the precipitation region is not known, and thus the total number of electrons lost in an LEP event can only be estimated. While the LEP events are dramatic, more important effects on trapped electrons may arise from the small but numerous deflections which increase the pitch angle diffusion rate of the electron population. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Walt, M.; Inan, U.S. [Space, Telecommunications and Radioscience Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California (United States); Voss, H.D. [Lockheed Missiles and Space Co. (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Low Emittance Electron Beam Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have studied the properties of a low emittance electron beam produced by laser pulses incident onto an rf gun photocathode. The experiments were carried out at the A0 photoinjector at Fermilab. Such beam studies are necessary for fixing the design of new Linear Colliders as well as for the development of Free Electron Lasers. An overview of the A0 photoinjector is given in Chapter 1. In Chapter 2 we describe the A0 photoinjector laser system. A stable laser system is imperative for reliable photoinjector operation. After the recent upgrade, we have been able to reach a new level of stability in the pulse-to-pulse fluctuations of the pulse amplitude, and of the temporal and transverse profiles. In Chapter 3 we present a study of transverse emittance versus the shape of the photo-cathode drive-laser pulse. For that purpose a special temporal profile laser shaping device called a pulse-stacker was developed. In Chapter 4 we discuss longitudinal beam dynamics studies using a two macro-particle bunch; this technique is helpful in analyzing pulse compression in the magnetic chicane, as well as velocity bunching effects in the rf-gun and the 9-cell accelerating cavity. In Chapter 5 we introduce a proposal for laser acceleration of electrons. We have developed a laser functioning on the TEM*{sub 01} mode, a mode with a longitudinal electric field component which is suitable for such a process. Using this technique at energies above 40 MeV, one would be able to observe laser-based acceleration.

Tikhoplav, Rodion; /Rochester U.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

PNE Renewable Solutions JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Solutions JV Jump to: navigation, search Name PNE & Renewable Solutions JV Place Delaware Sector Wind energy Product Delaware-based limited liability company and JV...

411

Tribal Renewable Energy Solutions and Partnerships: Collaborating...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tribal Renewable Energy Solutions and Partnerships: Collaborating Through the Headwinds of Change Tribal Renewable Energy Solutions and Partnerships: Collaborating Through the...

412

Quantum Energy Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Solutions Place Rancho Cordova, California Zip 95742 Product California-based energy management company that was formed in 1974. References Quantum Energy Solutions1...

413

Nextreme Thermal Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nextreme Thermal Solutions Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Nextreme Thermal Solutions Inc Place North Carolina Zip 27709-3981 Product String representation "Manufactures ad...

414

AFV Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Place Mesa, Arizona Zip 85210 Product AFV Solutions is a manufacturer of electric-hybrid buses and energy conversion systems for cars. References AFV Solutions Inc1...

415

Solar Project Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Project Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Project Solutions Place California Sector Solar Product US-based JV to build solar-power plants in California....

416

Solar amp Electric Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar amp Electric Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar & Electric Solutions Place Santa Cruz, California Zip 95062 Sector Solar Product Small solar installation firm...

417

Green Heat Solutions Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat Solutions Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Heat Solutions Limited Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Website http:http:www.greenheating Region Scotland LinkedIn...

418

AG Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AG Solutions Inc. Place Gladstone, Michigan Product 10Mgpy biodiesel producer in Gladstone, Michigan. References AG Solutions Inc.1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No...

419

Webinar Presentation: Energy Storage Solutions for Microgrids...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Webinar Presentation: Energy Storage Solutions for Microgrids (November 2012) Webinar Presentation: Energy Storage Solutions for Microgrids (November 2012) On November 7, 2012,...

420

Solar India Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar India Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar India Solutions Place Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip 530016 Sector Efficiency Product Andhra-based energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Solid Solution Lithium Alloy Cermet Anodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid Solution Lithium Alloy Cermet Anodes Thomas J.94720 USA Abstract Lithium-magnesium solid solution alloysHeating mixtures of lithium nitride and magnesium provides a

Richardson, Thomas J.; Chen, Guoying

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Annual Inventory Troubleshooting Checklist Problem Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Inventory Troubleshooting Checklist Problem Solutions Duplicate tag number Send email to am;Annual Inventory Troubleshooting Checklist Problem Solutions Personal property Send email to am

Li, Mo

423

Battery Wireless Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Page Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Battery Wireless Solutions Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Battery & Wireless Solutions...

424

Smarter Grid Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smarter Grid Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name Smarter Grid Solutions Place United Kingdom Product String representation "The SGS technol ... the technology." is too long....

425

Bio Solutions Manufacturing Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Bio Solutions Manufacturing Inc Place Las Vegas, Nevada Zip 89103 Product Waste-to-energy bioremediation developer. References Bio Solutions Manufacturing Inc1...

426

Energy Solutions International | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

. References "Energy Solutions International" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleEnergySolutionsInternational&oldid344882" Categories: Clean Energy...

427

Energy Options Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Options & Solutions Place Ann Arbor, Michigan Zip 48103 Product Michigan-based alternative energy consultant. References Energy Options & Solutions1 LinkedIn...

428

FT Solutions LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FT Solutions LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name FT Solutions LLC Place South Jordan, Utah Zip 84095 Product JV between Headwaters Technology Innovation Group and Rentech to focus...

429

Wind Park Solutions Arcadia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arcadia Jump to: navigation, search Name Wind Park Solutions Arcadia Place Big Sandy, Montana Sector Wind energy Product JV between Wind Park Solutions America and Arcadia...

430

Self-consistent GW: an all-electron implementation with localized basis functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an all-electron implementation of the self-consistent GW (sc-GW) approach -- i.e. based on the solution of the Dyson equation -- in an all-electron numeric atom-centered orbital (NAO) basis set. We cast Hedin's equations into a matrix form that is suitable for numerical calculations by means of i) the resolution of identity technique to handle 4-center integrals; and ii) a basis representation for the imaginary-frequency dependence of dynamical operators. In contrast to perturbative G0W0, sc-GW provides a consistent framework for ground- and excited-state properties and facilitates an unbiased assessment of the GW approximation. For excited-states, we benchmark sc-GW for five molecules relevant for organic photovoltaic applications: thiophene, benzothiazole, 1,2,5-thiadiazole, naphthalene, and tetrathiafulvalene. At self-consistency, the quasi-particle energies are found to be in good agreement with experiment and, on average, more accurate than G0W0 based on Hartree-Fock (HF) or density-...

Caruso, Fabio; Ren, Xinguo; Rubio, Angel; Scheffler, Matthias

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

RWE Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RWE Solutions RWE Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name RWE Solutions Place Neu-Isenburg, Germany Zip 63263 Sector Solar Product Germany-based, subsidiary of RWE AG plans, builds and manages energy infrastructure for utilities (power, gas, water, steam, heat and cooling). RWE Solutions through its subsidiaries is invovled in the solar sector Coordinates 50.05652°, 8.695144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.05652,"lon":8.695144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

432

Robust solutions for combinatorial auctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bids submitted in auctions are usually treated as enforceable commitments in most bidding and auction theory literature. In reality bidders often withdraw winning bids before the transaction when it is in their best interests to do so. Given a bid withdrawal ... Keywords: bid withdrawal, combinatorial auctions, constraint programming, robustness, weighted Super Solutions

Alan Holland; Barry O'Sullivan

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The solution to the BCS gap equation and the second-order phase transition in superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence and the uniqueness of the solution to the BCS gap equation of superconductivity is established in previous papers, but the temperature dependence of the solution is not discussed. In this paper, in order to show how the solution varies with the temperature, we first give another proof of the existence and the uniqueness of the solution and point out that the unique solution belongs to a certain set. Here this set depends on the temperature $T$. We define another certain subset of a Banach space consisting of continuous functions of both $T$ and $x$. Here, $x$ stands for the kinetic energy of an electron minus the chemical potential. Let the solution be approximated by an element of the subset of the Banach space above. We second show, under this approximation, that the transition to a superconducting state is a second-order phase transition.

Shuji Watanabe

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

434

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has enormous potential for use in ultrafast electronic transistors. It exhibits high conductivity and an anomalous quantum Hall effect (a phenomenon exhibited by certain semiconductor devices at low temperatures and high magnetic fields). Among its novel properties, graphene's electrical charge carriers (electrons and holes) move through a solid with effectively zero mass and constant velocity, like photons. Graphene's intrinsically low scattering rate from defects implies the possibility of a new kind of electronics based on the manipulation of electrons as waves rather than particles. The primary technical difficulty has been controlling the transport of electrical charge carriers through the sheet. This area of research is known as bandgap engineering. While bandgap engineering is the basis of semiconductor technology, it is only now being applied to graphene. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) at ALS Beamline 7.0.1, a team of scientists from the ALS and Germany characterized the electronic band structure and successfully controlled the gap between valence and conduction bands in a bilayer of graphene thin films deposited on a substrate of silicon carbide. This was done by doping one sheet with adsorbed potassium atoms, creating an asymmetry between the two layers.

435

Rate of decoherence for an electron weakly coupled to a phonon gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the dynamics of an electron weakly coupled to a phonon gas. The initial state of the electron is the superposition of two spatially localized distant bumps moving towards each other, and the phonons are in a thermal state. We investigate the dynamics of the system in the kinetic regime and show that the time evolution makes the non-diagonal terms of the density matrix of the electron decay, destroying the interference between the two bumps. We show that such a damping effect is exponential in time, and the related decay rate is proportional to the total scattering cross section of the electron-phonon interaction.

Riccardo Adami; Laszlo Erdos

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

436

Electron Microscopy Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilities » Facilities » Electron Microscopy Lab Electron Microscopy Lab Focusing on the study of microstructures with electron and ion beam instruments, including crystallographic and chemical techniques. April 12, 2012 Transmission electron microscope Rob Dickerson examines a multiphase oxide scale using the FEI Titan 80-300 transmission electron microscope. Contact Rob Dickerson (505) 667-6337 Email Rod McCabe (505) 606-1649 Email Pat Dickerson (505) 665-3036 Email Tom Wynn (505) 665-6861 Email Dedicated to the characterization of materials through imaging, chemical, and crystallographic analyses of material microstructures in support of Basic Energy Science, Laboratory Directed Research and Development, DoD, DOE, Work for Others, nuclear energy, and weapons programs. Go to full website »

437

Electronic Reading Room  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronic Reading Room - making information about the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and Privacy Act process accessible to the public electronically. Electronic Reading Room - making information about the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and Privacy Act process accessible to the public electronically. Major Information Systems - Final Opinions - [5 USC 552 (a)(2)](A) final opinions, including concurring and dissenting opinions, as well as orders, made in the adjudication of cases within the Office of Hearings and Appeals Statements of Policy and Interpretation and Administrative Staff Manuals and Instructions - [5 USC 552 (a)(2)](B) those statements of policy and interpretation which have been adopted by the agency and are not published in the Federal Register - Directives, DOE Orders, Headquarters Orders, Secretarial Notices, Technical Standards, Forms, Delegations, Electronic Library Public Reading Facilities - making information available for public inspection and copying

438

Electron: Cluster interactions  

SciTech Connect

Beam depletion spectroscopy has been used to measure absolute total inelastic electron-sodium cluster collision cross sections in the energy range from E {approximately} 0.1 to E {approximately} 6 eV. The investigation focused on the closed shell clusters Na{sub 8}, Na{sub 20}, Na{sub 40}. The measured cross sections show an increase for the lowest collision energies where electron attachment is the primary scattering channel. The electron attachment cross section can be understood in terms of Langevin scattering, connecting this measurement with the polarizability of the cluster. For energies above the dissociation energy the measured electron-cluster cross section is energy independent, thus defining an electron-cluster interaction range. This interaction range increases with the cluster size.

Scheidemann, A.A. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Kresin, V.V. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Knight, W.D. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Electrons and Mirror Symmetry  

SciTech Connect

The neutral weak force between an electron and a target particle, mediated by the Z boson, can be isolated by measuring the fractional change under a mirror reflection of the scattering probability of relativistic longitudinally polarized electrons off unpolarized targets. This technique yields neutral weak force measurements at a length scale of 1 femtometer, in contrast to high energy collider measurements that probe much smaller length scales. Study of the variation of the weak force over a range of length scales provides a stringent test of theory, complementing collider measurements. We describe a recent measurement of the neutral weak force between two electrons by the E158 experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. While the weak force between an electron and positron has been extensively studied, that between two electrons had never directly been measured. We conclude by discussing prospects for even more precise measurements at future facilities.

Kumar, Krishna (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)

2007-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

440

Developing electronic textbooks  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses a new approach to the development of engineering education materials. The ``Electronic Textbook`` represents the logical progression of the printed textbook in the Electronic Age. The concept behind this approach is simple; to place all of the information contained in a textbook in electronic form. Currently, paper texts exist on the market with electronic supplements, however, this Electronic Textbook would include supplements fully integrated in the whole text. The computer hardware and software needed to make this advance possible have existed for nearly ten years, and they have been readily available to engineering educators and students for over three years. Computer based ``tools`` in engineering textbooks as are prevalent today range from computer styled algorithms and code snippets, to fully developed software applications with graphical user interfaces on floppy disks attached to the back covers of books. The next logical step in publishing is to dispense with the paper book entirely, by distributing textbooks via electronic media such as CD-ROM. Electronic Textbooks use the full range of multi-media technologies in the learning and teaching process including video clips, computer animations and fully functional numerical engines as integral parts of the textbook material. This is very appealing since interactive media provide teaching tools that appeal to divergent learning styles. The advantages of Electronic Textbooks lead to several challenges. Special attention must be paid to the development of user interfaces; navigation is of particular importance when non- linear exploration is encouraged. These issues are being addressed at the Sandia National Laboratories by an electronic documentation development team. This team includes experts in engineering, in human factors, and in computer hardware and software development. Guidelines for the development of electronic textbooks based on the experiences of this team are provided.

Zadoks, R.I. [Texas Univ., El Paso, TX (United States). Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Dept.; Ratner, J.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A Class Of Generalized Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij Solutions And Associated Envelope Equations For High-intensity Charged Particle Beams  

SciTech Connect

A class of generalized Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij solutions of the nonlinear Vlasov-Maxwell equations and the associated envelope equations for high-intensity beams in a periodic lattice is derived. It includes the classical Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij solution as a special case. For a given lattice, the distribution functions and the envelope equations are specified by eight free parameters. The class of solutions derived captures a wider range of dynamical envelope behavior for high-intensity beams, and thus provides a new theoretical tool to investigate the dynamics of high-intensity beams.

Hong Qin and Ronald C. Davidson

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

442

REMOVAL OF CHLORIDE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The removal of chlorides from aqueons solutions is described. The process involves contacting the aqueous chloride containing solution with a benzene solution about 0.005 M in phenyl mercuric acetate whereby the chloride anions are taken up by the organic phase and separating the organic phase from the aqueous solutions.

Schulz, W.W.

1959-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Comment on ''Chaotic electron trajectories in an electromagnetic wiggler free-electron laser with ion-channel guiding'' [Phys. Plasmas 17, 093103 (2010)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chaotic electron dynamics in a free-electron laser with electromagnetic-wave wiggler and ion-channel has been recently reported by A. Taghavi et al.[Phys. Plasmas 17, 093103 (2010)]. We comment on the authors use of a set of initial condition that is not correct based on the dispersion relation and steady-state orbits.

Nasr, N.; Hasanbeigi, A. [Department of Physics and Institute for Plasma Research, Tarbiat Moallem University, 49 Dr Mofatteh Avenue, Tehran 15614 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Drum-boiler dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear dynamic model for natural circulation drum-boilers is presented. The model describes the complicated dynamics of the drum, downcomer, and riser components. It is derived from first principles, and is characterized by a few physical parameters. ...

K. J. íStröM; R. D. Bell

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Dynamic Residential Window prototype  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to have dynamic seasonal solar control: high solar gains in the winter with high insulation and low solar gains in the summer. Dynamic, high performance products can be based...

446

Clean Energy Solutions Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Solutions Center Clean Energy Solutions Center Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Clean Energy Solutions Center Name Clean Energy Solutions Center Agency/Company /Organization Clean Energy Ministerial Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis Resource Type Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Publications, Training materials, Webinar Website http://cleanenergysolutions.or Program Start 2011 References Clean Energy Solutions Center Website[1] Clean Energy Solutions Center Screenshot The Clean Energy Solutions Center helps governments turn clean energy visions into reality. We share policy best practices, data, and analysis

447

General Dynamics, Electric Boat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

General Dynamics, Electric Boat. NVLAP Lab Code: 100560-0. Address and Contact Information: 75 Eastern Point Road ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

448

Aerogels for electronics  

SciTech Connect

In addition to their other exceptional properties, aerogels also exhibit unusual dielectric and electronic properties due to their nano-sized structures and high porosities. For example, aerogels have the lowest dielectric constants measured for a solid material (having values approaching 1.0); they have exceptionally high dielectric resistivities and strengths (i.e., ability to insulate very high voltages); they exhibit low dielectric loss at microwave frequencies; and some aerogels are electrically conductive and photoconductive. These properties are being exploited to provide the next generation of materials for energy storage, low power consumption, and ultra-fast electronics. We are working toward adapting these unusual materials for microelectronic applications, particularly, making thin aerogel films for dielectric substrates and for energy storage devices such as supercapacitors. Measurements are presented in this paper for the dielectric and electronic properties of aerogels, including the dielectric constant, loss factor, dielectric and electrical conductivity, volume resistivity, and dielectric strength. We also describe methods to form and characterize thin aerogel films which are being developed for numerous electronic applications. Finally, some of the electronic applications proposed for aerogels are presented. Commercialization of aerogels for electronics must await further feasibility, prototype development, and cost studies, but they are one of the key materials and are sure to have a major impact on future electronics.

Hrubesh, L.W.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Randa Energy Solutions LLC R A Energy Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Randa Energy Solutions LLC R A Energy Solutions Randa Energy Solutions LLC R A Energy Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name Randa Energy Solutions, LLC (R&A Energy Solutions) Place North Ridgeville, Ohio Zip 44039 Product String representation "Ohio-based prov ... alue add power." is too long. References Randa Energy Solutions, LLC (R&A Energy Solutions)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Randa Energy Solutions, LLC (R&A Energy Solutions) is a company located in North Ridgeville, Ohio . References ↑ "[ Randa Energy Solutions, LLC (R&A Energy Solutions)]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Randa_Energy_Solutions_LLC_R_A_Energy_Solutions&oldid=350191

450

Applications of flexible pricing in business-to-business electronic commerce  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasingly dynamic nature of business-to-business electronic commerce has produced a recent shift away from fixed pricing and toward flexible pricing. Flexible pricing, as defined here, includes both differential pricing, in which different buyers ...

M. Bichler; J. Kalagnanam; K. Katircioglu; A. J. King; R. D. Lawrence; H. S. Lee; G. Y. Lin; Y. Lu

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Protein Puzzles and Scientific Solutions  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Articles » 2014 » Protein Articles » 2014 » Protein Puzzles and Scientific Solutions News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 01.06.14 Protein Puzzles and Scientific Solutions Researchers at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory solve fiendishly complicated structures using X-ray savvy and serious computing power. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo The Coherent X-ray Imaging experimental station at SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source. Photo courtesy of Brad Plummer/SLAC In crystallography experiments at the Coherent X-ray Imaging experimental

452

Energy Solutions Using Wireless Telemetry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solutions Using Wireless Telemetry Solutions Using Wireless Telemetry Speaker(s): Andy Green Date: June 12, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney This talk will address the following: * Introduction to wireless data networks * What are cellular control channels and why do I care? * Telemetry using wireless short packet data * Aeris technologies * Energy applications - Automatic meter reading - HVAV-R monitoring and control - Home gateways and remote thermostat control - Load management and curtailment - Distribution automation - Supply monitoring/management * The future For more information on this topic, you're invited to visit Aeris.Net at: http://www.aeris.net For more information about this seminar, please contact: Satkartar Kinney(510) 495-2365

453

The Challenges to Coupling Dynamic Geospatial Models  

SciTech Connect

Many applications of modeling spatial dynamic systems focus on a single system and a single process, ignoring the geographic and systemic context of the processes being modeled. A solution to this problem is the coupled modeling of spatial dynamic systems. Coupled modeling is challenging for both technical reasons, as well as conceptual reasons. This paper explores the benefits and challenges to coupling or linking spatial dynamic models, from loose coupling, where information transfer between models is done by hand, to tight coupling, where two (or more) models are merged as one. To illustrate the challenges, a coupled model of Urbanization and Wildfire Risk is presented. This model, called Vesta, was applied to the Santa Barbara, California region (using real geospatial data), where Urbanization and Wildfires occur and recur, respectively. The preliminary results of the model coupling illustrate that coupled modeling can lead to insight into the consequences of processes acting on their own.

Goldstein, N

2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

454

Optimal entangling capacity of dynamical processes  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the entangling capacity of dynamical operations when provided with local ancilla. A comparison is made between the entangling capacity with and without the assistance of prior entanglement. An analytic solution is found for the log-negativity entangling capacity of two-qubit gates, which equals the entanglement of the Choi matrix isomorphic to the unitary operator. Surprisingly, the availability of prior entanglement does not affect this result, a property we call resource independence of the entangling capacity. We prove several useful upper bounds on the entangling capacity that hold for general qudit dynamical operations and for a whole family of entanglement monotones including log negativity and log robustness. The log-robustness entangling capacity is shown to be resource independent for general dynamics. We provide numerical results supporting a conjecture that the log-negativity entangling capacity is resource independent for all two-qudit unitary operators.

Campbell, Earl T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Optimal Entangling Capacity of Dynamical Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the entangling capacity of dynamical operations when provided with local ancilla. A comparison is made between the entangling capacity with and without the assistance of prior entanglement. An analytic solution is found for the log-negativity entangling capacity of two-qubit gates, which equals the entanglement of the Choi matrix isomorphic to the unitary operator. Surprisingly, the availability of prior entanglement does not affect this result; a property we call resource independence of the entangling capacity. We prove several useful upper-bounds on the entangling capacity that hold for general qudit dynamical operations, and for a whole family of entanglement monotones including log-negativity and log-robustness. The log-robustness entangling capacity is shown to be resource independent for general dynamics. We provide numerical results supporting a conjecture that the log-negativity entangling capacity is resource independence for all two-qudit unitaries.

Earl T. Campbell

2010-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

456

Electronic Structure of Dense Plasmas by X-Ray Scattering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present an improved analytical expression for the x-ray dynamic structure factor from a dense plasma which includes the effects of weakly bound electrons. This result can be applied to describe scattering from low to moderate Z plasmas, and it covers the entire range of plasma conditions that can be found in inertial confinement fusion experiments, from ideal to degenerate up to moderately coupled systems. We use our theory to interpret x-ray scattering experiments from solid density carbon plasma and to extract accurate measurements of electron temperature, electron density and charge state. We use our experimental results to validate various equation-of-state models for carbon plasmas.

Gregori, G; Glenzer, S H; Rogers, F J; Pollaine, S M; Froula, D H; Blancard, C; Faussurier, G; Renaudin, P; Kuhlbrodt, S; Redmer, R; Landen, O L

2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

457

Design of the AGS Booster Beam Position Monitor electronics  

SciTech Connect

The operational requirements of the AGS Booster Beam Position Monitor system necessitate the use of electronics with wide dynamic range and broad instantaneous bandwidth. Bunch synchronization is provided by a remote timing sequencer coupled to the local ring electronics via digital fiber-optic links. The Sequencer and local ring circuitry work together to provide single turn trajectory or average orbit and intensity information, integrated over 1 to 225 bunches. Test capabilities are built in for the purpose of enhancing BPM system accuracy. This paper describes the design of the Booster Beam Position Monitor electronics, and presents performance details of the front end processing, acquisition and timing circuitry.

Ciardullo, D.J.; Smith, G.A.; Beadle, E.R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Design of the AGS Booster Beam Position Monitor electronics  

SciTech Connect

The operational requirements of the AGS Booster Beam Position Monitor system necessitate the use of electronics with wide dynamic range and broad instantaneous bandwidth. Bunch synchronization is provided by a remote timing sequencer coupled to the local ring electronics via digital fiber-optic links. The Sequencer and local ring circuitry work together to provide single turn trajectory or average orbit and intensity information, integrated over 1 to 225 bunches. Test capabilities are built in for the purpose of enhancing BPM system accuracy. This paper describes the design of the Booster Beam Position Monitor electronics, and presents performance details of the front end processing, acquisition and timing circuitry.

Ciardullo, D.J.; Smith, G.A.; Beadle, E.R.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

Clean Energy Solutions Center (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Clean Energy Ministerial launched the Clean Energy Solutions Center in April, 2011 for major economy countries, led by Australia and U.S. with other CEM partners. Partnership with UN-Energy is extending scope to support all developing countries: 1. Enhance resources on policies relating to energy access, small to medium enterprises (SMEs), and financing programs; 2. Offer expert policy assistance to all countries; 3. Expand peer to peer learning, training, and deployment and policy data for developing countries.

Reategui, S.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Electrochromic Salts, Solutions, and Devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrochromic salts. Electrochromic salts of dicationic viologens such as methyl viologen and benzyl viologen associated with anions selected from bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, bis(perfluoroethylsulfonyl)imide, and tris(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)methide are produced by metathesis with the corresponding viologen dihalide. They are highly soluble in molten quarternary ammonium salts and together with a suitable reductant provide electrolyte solutions that are used in electrochromic windows.

Burrell, Anthony K. (Los Alamos, NM); Warner, Benjamin P. (Los Alamos, NM); McClesky, T. Mark (Los Alamos, NM)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dynamic electron solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Electrochromic salts, solutions, and devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrochromic salts. Electrochromic salts of dicationic viologens such as methyl viologen and benzyl viologen associated with anions selected from bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, bis(perfluoroethylsulfonyl)imide, and tris(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)methide are produced by metathesis with the corresponding viologen dihalide. They are highly soluble in molten quarternary ammonium salts and together with a suitable reductant provide electrolyte solutions that are used in electrochromic windows.

Burrell, Anthony K. (Los Alamos, NM); Warner, Benjamin P. (Los Alamos, NM); McClesky,7,064,212 T. Mark (Los Alamos, NM)

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

462

Electrochromic Salts, Solutions, and Devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrochromic salts. Electrochromic salts of dicationic viologens such as methyl viologen and benzyl viologen associated with anions selected from bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, bis(perfluoroethylsulfonyl)imide, and tris(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)methide are produced by metathesis with the corresponding viologen dihalide. They are highly soluble in molten quarternary ammonium salts and together with a suitable reductant provide electrolyte solutions that are used in electrochromic windows.

Burrell, Anthony K. (Los Alamos, NM); Warner, Benjamin P. (Los Alamos, NM); McClesky, T. Mark (Los Alamos, NM)

2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

463

Multidimensional electron-photon transport with standard discrete ordinates codes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described for generating electron cross sections that are compatible with standard discrete ordinates codes without modification. There are many advantages of using an established discrete ordinates solver, e.g. immediately available adjoint capability. Coupled electron-photon transport capability is needed for many applications, including the modeling of the response of electronics components to space and man-made radiation environments. The cross sections have been successfully used in the DORT, TWODANT and TORT discrete ordinates codes. The cross sections are shown to provide accurate and efficient solutions to certain multidimensional electronphoton transport problems.

Drumm, C.R.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

464

Quasi-equilibrium electron density along a magnetic field line  

SciTech Connect

A methodology is developed to determine the density of high-energy electrons along a magnetic field line for a low-{beta} plasma. This method avoids the expense and statistical noise of traditional particle tracking techniques commonly used for high-energy electrons in bombardment plasma generators. By preserving the magnetic mirror and assuming a mixing timescale, typically the elastic collision frequency with neutrals, a quasi-equilibrium electron distribution can be calculated. Following the transient decay, the analysis shows that both the normalized density and the reduction fraction due to collision converge to a single quasi-equilibrium solution.

Mao, Hann-Shin; Wirz, Richard [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

465

Alfven Wave Collisions, The Fundamental Building Block of Plasma Turbulence II: Numerical Solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the numerical verification of an asymptotic analytical solution for the nonlinear interaction between counterpropagating Alfven waves, the fundamental building block of astrophysical plasma turbulence. The analytical solution, derived in the weak turbulence limit using the equations of incompressible MHD, is compared to a nonlinear gyrokinetic simulation of an Alfven wave collision. The agreement between these methods signifies that the incompressible solution satisfactorily describes the essential dynamics of the nonlinear energy transfer, even under the weakly collisional plasma conditions relevant to many astrophysical environments.

Nielson, Kevin D; Dorland, William

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Phase-Field Modeling of Solute Precipitation and Dissolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A phase-field approach to the dynamics of liquid-solid interfaces that evolve due to precipitation and/or dissolution is presented. For the purpose of illustration and comparison with other methods, phase field simulations were carried out assuming first order reaction (dissolution/precipitation) kinetics. In contrast to solidification processes controlled by a temperature field that is continuous across the solid/liquid interface (with a discontinuous temperature gradient) precipitation/dissolution is controlled by a solute concentration field that is discontinuous at the solid/liquid interface. The sharp-interface asymptotic analysis of the phase-field equations for solidification [Karma and Rappel, Phys. Rev. E57 (1998) 4342] has been modified for precipitation/dissolution processes to demonstrate that the phase-field equations converge to the proper sharp-interface limit. The mathematical model has been validated for a one-dimensional precipitation/dissolution problem by comparison with the analytical solution.

Zhijie Xu; Paul Meakin

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Solution behavior of PEO : the ultimate biocompatible polymer.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) is the quintessential biocompatible polymer. Due to its ability to form hydrogen bonds, it is soluble in water, and yet is uncharged and relatively inert. It is being investigated for use in a wide range of biomedical and biotechnical applications, including the prevention of protein adhesion (biofouling), controlled drug delivery, and tissue scaffolds. PEO has also been proposed for use in novel polymer hydrogel nanocomposites with superior mechanical properties. However, the phase behavior of PEO in water is highly anomalous and is not addressed by current theories of polymer solutions. The effective interactions between PEO and water are very concentration dependent, unlike other polymer/solvent systems, due to water-water and water-PEO hydrogen bonds. An understanding of this anomalous behavior requires a careful examination of PEO liquids and solutions on the molecular level. We performed massively parallel molecular dynamics simulations and self-consistent Polymer Reference Interaction Site Model (PRISM) calculations on PEO liquids. We also initiated MD studies on PEO/water solutions with and without an applied electric field. This work is summarized in three parts devoted to: (1) A comparison of MD simulations, theory and experiment on PEO liquids; (2) The implementation of water potentials into the LAMMPS MD code; and (3) A theoretical analysis of the effect of an applied electric field on the phase diagram of polymer solutions.

Curro, John G.; Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Clean Energy Solutions Centers Fact Sheet | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Energy Solutions Centers Fact Sheet Clean Energy Solutions Centers Fact Sheet A fact sheet describing the mission of the Clean Energy Solution Center. Clean Energy Solutions...

469

Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Transmission electron microcopy (TEM) has been used since the 1950s to obtain very high resolution images of microstructures. As TEMs were enhanced to include features such as digitally scanned point beams and energy dispersive x-ray detectors

470

Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...The scanning electron microscope provides a valuable combination of high resolution imaging, elemental analysis, and recently, crystallographic analysis: Imaging of features as small as sim 10 nm or less, roughly 100 times smaller than can be seen with...

471

Enhancing performance characteristics of organic semiconducting films by improved solution processing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improved processing methods for enhanced properties of conjugated polymer films are disclosed, as well as the enhanced conjugated polymer films produced thereby. Addition of low molecular weight alkyl-containing molecules to solutions used to form conjugated polymer films leads to improved photoconductivity and improvements in other electronic properties. The enhanced conjugated polymer films can be used in a variety of electronic devices, such as solar cells and photodiodes.

Bazan, Guillermo C; Mikhailovsky, Alexander; Moses, Daniel; Nguyen, Thuc-Quyen; Peet, Jeffrey; Soci, Cesare

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

472

Ultrafast photoinduced electron transfer reactions in supramolecular arrays: Studies of electronic coupling and solvation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research in our laboratory focuses on developing supramolecular arrays that produce long-lived charge separation by limiting the electronic coupling between the separated charges, and on the role of solvation in determining the rates and energetics of photoinitiated electron transfer reactions. Arrays have been developed that closely mimic the electronic coupling that was observed only for long-lived radical pairs produced in photosynthetic glassy solids. A series of 36 fixed-distance donor-acceptor molecules using porphyrin donors, triptycene spacers, and 9 different acceptors has been prepared; these are used to probe the dependence of photoinduced charge separation rates on free energy of reaction as a function of solvent both in liquid and solid solution. Data were obtained on rates of charge separation in dioxane, MTHF, butyronitrile, toluene, chlorobenzene, and benzonitrile.

Wasielewski, M.R.; Wiederrecht, G.P.; Svec, W.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Ultrafast photoinduced electron transfer reactions in supramolecular arrays: Studies of electronic coupling and solvation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research in our laboratory focuses on developing supramolecular arrays that produce long-lived charge separation by limiting the electronic coupling between the separated charges, and on the role of solvation in determining the rates and energetics of photoinitiated electron transfer reactions. Arrays have been developed that closely mimic the electronic coupling that was observed only for long-lived radical pairs produced in photosynthetic glassy solids. A series of 36 fixed-distance donor-acceptor molecules using porphyrin donors, triptycene spacers, and 9 different acceptors has been prepared; these are used to probe the dependence of photoinduced charge separation rates on free energy of reaction as a function of solvent both in liquid and solid solution. Data were obtained on rates of charge separation in dioxane, MTHF, butyronitrile, toluene, chlorobenzene, and benzonitrile.

Wasielewski, M.R.; Wiederrecht, G.P.; Svec, W.A.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Shock dynamics of phase diagrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A thermodynamic phase transition denotes a drastic change of state of a physical system due to a continuous change of thermodynamic variables, as for instance pressure and temperature. The classical van der Waals equation of state is the simplest model that predicts the occurrence of a critical point associated with the gas-liquid phase transition. Nevertheless, below the critical temperature, theoretical predictions of the van der Waals theory significantly depart from the observed physical behaviour. We develop a novel approach to classical thermodynamics based on the solution of Maxwell relations for a generalised family of nonlocal entropy functions. This theory provides an exact mathematical description of discontinuities of the order parameter within the phase transition region, it explains the universal form of the equations of state and the occurrence of triple points in terms of the dynamics of nonlinear shock wave fronts.

Antonio Moro

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

475

Dynamical failure of Turing patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emergence of stable disordered patterns in reactive system on spatially homogenous substrate is studied in the context of vegetation patterns in the semi-arid climatic zone. It is shown that reaction-diffusion systems that allow for Turing instability may exhibit heterogeneous "glassy" steady state, with no characteristic wavelength, if the diffusion rate associated with the "slow" reactant is very small. Upon decreasing the diffusion constant of the slow reactant three phases are identified: strong diffusion yields a stable homogenous phase, intermediate diffusion implies Turing (crystal like) patterns while in the slow diffusion limit the glassy state is the generic stable solution. In this disordered phase the dynamics is of crucial importance, with strong differences between local and global initiation.

Alon Manor; Nadav M. Shnerb

2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

476

Effective Light Dynamics in Perturbed Photonic Crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we rigorously derive effective dynamics for light from within a limited frequency range propagating in a photonic crystal that is modulated on the macroscopic level; the perturbation parameter $\\lambda \\ll 1$ quantifies the separation of spatial scales. We do that by rewriting the dynamical Maxwell equations as a Schr\\"odinger-type equation and adapting space-adiabatic perturbation theory. Just like in the case of the Bloch electron, we obtain a simpler, effective Maxwell operator for states from within a relevant almost invariant subspace. A correct physical interpretation for the effective dynamics requires to establish two additional facts about the almost invariant subspace: (1) The source-free condition has to be verified and (2) it has to support real states. The second point also forces one to consider a multiband problem even in the simplest possible setting; This turns out to be a major difficulty for the extension of semiclassical methods to the domain of photonic crystals.

Giuseppe De Nittis; Max Lein

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

477

Free electron laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high gain, single-pass free electron laser formed of a high brilliance electron injector source, a linear accelerator which imparts high energy to the electron beam, and an undulator capable of extremely high magnetic fields, yet with a very short period. The electron injector source is the first stage (gap) of the linear accelerator or a radial line transformer driven by fast circular switch. The linear accelerator is formed of a plurality of accelerating gaps arranged in series. These gaps are energized in sequence by releasing a single pulse of energy which propagates simultaneously along a plurality of transmission lines, each of which feeds the gaps. The transmission lines are graduated in length so that pulse power is present at each gap as the accelerated electrons pass therethrough. The transmission lines for each gap are open circuited at their ends. The undualtor has a structure similar to the accelerator, except that the transmission lines for each gap are substantially short circuited at their ends, thus converting the electric field into magnetic field. A small amount of resistance is retained in order to generate a small electric field for replenishing the electron bunch with the energy lost as it traverses through the undulator structure.

Villa, Francesco (Alameda, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

AVESTAR® - Dynamic Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic Modeling Dynamic Modeling The AVESTAR team is pursuing research on the dynamic modeling and simulation of advanced energy systems ranging from power plants to power grids. Dynamic models provide a continuous view of energy systems in action by calculating their transient behavior over time. Plant-wide Models For power plants, dynamic models are used to analyze a wide variety of operating scenarios, including normal base load operation, startup, shu