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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Worm Hearts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sarah Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Why do worms have more than one heart? Is there a record for the most hearts in a worm, if so what? If you could answer my...

2

Network Worms Thomas M. Chen*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network Worms Thomas M. Chen* Dept. of Electrical Engineering Southern Methodist University PO Box is the possible rate of infection. Since worms are automated programs, they can spread without any human action. Historical examples of worms have included: · Trojan horses: software with a hidden malicious function, e

Chen, Thomas M.

3

Characterizing Internet Worm Infection Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet worm infection continues to be one of top security threats. Moreover, worm infection has been widely used by botnets to recruit new bots and construct P2P-based botnets. In this work, we attempt to characterize the network structure of Internet worm infection and shed light on the micro-level information of "who infects whom." Our work quantifies the infection ability of individual hosts and reveals the key characteristics of the underlying topologies formed by worm infection, i.e., the number of children and the generation of the Internet worm infection family tree. Specifically, we first analyze the infection tree of a wide class of worms, for which a new victim is compromised by each existing infected host with equal probability. We find that the number of children has asymptotically a geometric distribution with parameter 0.5. We also discover that the generation follows closely a Poisson distribution and the average path length of the worm infection family tree increases approximately logarithmi...

Wang, Qian; Chen, Chao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Advanced Routing Worm and Its Security Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most well-known worms, such as Code Red, Slammer, Blaster, and Sasser, infected vulnerable computers by scanning the entire IPv4 address space. In this article, the authors present an advanced worm called the "routing worm," which implements two new ... Keywords: Network security, modeling, routing worm

Cliff C. Zou; Don Towsley; Weibo Gong; Songlin Cai

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Enhancing SWORD to Detect Zero-Day-Worm-Infected Hosts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Once a host is infected by an Internet worm, prompt action must be taken before that host does more harm to its local network and the rest of the Internet. It is therefore critical to quickly detect that a worm has infected a host. In this paper, we ... Keywords: Internet worms, host infection, net-work security, worm detection

Shad Stafford; Jun Li; Toby Ehrenkranz

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Vigilante: End-to-end containment of Internet worm epidemics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Worm containment must be automatic because worms can spread too fast for humans to respond. Recent work proposed network-level techniques to automate worm containment; these techniques have limitations because there is no information about the vulnerabilities ... Keywords: Worm containment, dynamic data-flow analysis, program analysis, self-certifying alerts, vulnerability condition slicing

Manuel Costa; Jon Crowcroft; Miguel Castro; Antony Rowstron; Lidong Zhou; Lintao Zhang; Paul Barham

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Darknet-Based Inference of Internet Worm Temporal Characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet worm attacks pose a significant threat to network security and management. In this work, we coin the term Internet worm tomography as inferring the characteristics of Internet worms from the observations of Darknet or network telescopes that monitor a routable but unused IP address space. Under the framework of Internet worm tomography, we attempt to infer Internet worm temporal behaviors, i.e., the host infection time and the worm infection sequence, and thus pinpoint patient zero or initially infected hosts. Specifically, we introduce statistical estimation techniques and propose method of moments, maximum likelihood, and linear regression estimators. We show analytically and empirically that our proposed estimators can better infer worm temporal characteristics than a naive estimator that has been used in the previous work. We also demonstrate that our estimators can be applied to worms using different scanning strategies such as random scanning and localized scanning.

Wang, Qian; Chen, Chao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

A systematic approach for cell-phone worm containment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cell phones are increasingly becoming attractive targets of various worms, which cause the leakage of user privacy, extra service charges and depletion of battery power. In this work, we study propagation of cell-phone worms, which exploit Multimedia ... Keywords: cell phone, patch, turing test

Liang Xie; Hui Song; Trent Jaeger; Sencun Zhu

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Heat storage duration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Both the amount and duration of heat storage in massive elements of a passive building are investigated. Data taken for one full winter in the Balcomb solar home are analyzed with the aid of sub-system simulation models. Heat storage duration is tallied into one-day intervals. Heat storage location is discussed and related to overall energy flows. The results are interpreted and conclusions drawn.

Balcomb, J.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Metagenomic Analysis of Microbial Symbionts in a Gutless Worm  

SciTech Connect

Symbioses between bacteria and eukaryotes are ubiquitous, yet our understanding of the interactions driving these associations is hampered by our inability to cultivate most host-associated microbes. Here we use a metagenomic approach to describe four co-occurring symbionts from the marine oligochaete Olavius algarvensis, a worm lacking a mouth, gut and nephridia. Shotgun sequencing and metabolic pathway reconstruction revealed that the symbionts are sulphur-oxidizing and sulphate-reducing bacteria, all of which are capable of carbon fixation, thus providing the host with multiple sources of nutrition. Molecular evidence for the uptake and recycling of worm waste products by the symbionts suggests how the worm could eliminate its excretory system, an adaptation unique among annelid worms. We propose a model that describes how the versatile metabolism within this symbiotic consortium provides the host with an optimal energy supply as it shuttles between the upper oxic and lower anoxic coastal sediments that it inhabits.

Woyke, Tanja; Teeling, Hanno; Ivanova, Natalia N.; Hunteman, Marcel; Richter, Michael; Gloeckner, Frank Oliver; Boeffelli, Dario; Barry, Kerrie W.; Shapiro, Harris J.; Anderson, Iain J.; Szeto, Ernest; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Mussmann, Marc; Amann, Rudolf; Bergin, Claudia; Ruehland, Caroline; Rubin, Edward M.; Dubilier, Nicole

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Cities - Residents | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residents Cities Data Apps Challenges Policies Cities You are here Data.gov Communities Cities Residents Looking for cool ways to explore your city, services, and...

12

Automatic Defense Against Zero-day Polymorphic Worms in Communication Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Able to propagate quickly and change their payload with each infection, polymorphic worms have been able to evade even the most advanced intrusion detection systems (IDS). And, because zero-day worms require only seconds to launch flooding attacks on ...

Mohssen Mohammed, Al-Sakib Khan Pathan

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Long duration ash probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A long duration ash probe includes a pressure shell connected to a port in a combustor with a sample coupon mounted on a retractable carriage so as to retract the sample coupon within the pressure shell during sootblowing operation of the combustor. A valve mounted at the forward end of the pressure shell is selectively closeable to seal the sample coupon within the shell, and a heating element in the shell is operable to maintain the desired temperature of the sample coupon while retracted within the shell. The carriage is operably mounted on a pair of rails within the shell for longitudinal movement within the shell. A hollow carrier tube connects the hollow cylindrical sample coupon to the carriage, and extends through the carriage and out the rearward end thereof. Air lines are connected to the rearward end of the carrier tube and are operable to permit coolant to pass through the air lines and thence through the carrier tube to the sample coupon so as to cool the sample coupon.

Hurley, John P. (Grand Forks, ND); McCollor, Don P. (Grand Forks, ND); Selle, Stanley J. (Grand Forks, MN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Humidity Control in Residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maintaining relative humidity below 60% for residential houses in humid climates promotes a healthy indoor environment. Yet, for such homes, these lower humidity levels are difficult to maintain with conventional recirculation air conditioning units. By introducing a separate vapor compression unit to pre-condition outside air, indoor relative humidity can be controlled. This new air conditioning system combines a ventilation unit with a conventional recirculation air conditioning unit. Although successful in maintaining indoor humidity levels below 60%, the new air conditioning system will require more electric energy to provide the additional dehumidification. However, this penalty is shown to be offset by reductions in sensible load during a summer week, which should result in lower energy consumption and peak electric demand during that period. The performance of this new air conditioning system is demonstrated using FSEC 3.0, a building energy simulation program developed by the Florida Solar Energy Center, to simulate the heat and moisture transport occurring within a prototypical residence located in Austin, Texas.

Trowbridge, J.; Peterson, J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

The Frequency Distribution of Thunderstorm Durations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The frequency distributions of thunderstorm durations were analyzed for 30 years at 36 stations in the United States in order to develop an appropriate summarizing statistic for durations. The incomplete gamma function provides a close fit to the ...

P. J. Robinson; D. R. Easterling

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

ALS Doctoral Fellowship in Residence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Doctoral Fellowship in Residence Print Doctoral Fellowship in Residence Print The Advanced Light Source (ALS), a division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, is a national user facility that generates intense x-ray radiation for scientific and technological research. As the world's first third-generation synchrotron radiation source, the ALS offers outstanding performance in the VUV-soft x-ray energy range and excellent performance into the hard x-ray region. The facility welcomes researchers from universities, industries, and government laboratories around the world. It is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. Applications to Shape the Future of Synchrotron Radiation Science Synchrotron radiation is now an established tool in many areas of physical and biological science. The ALS Doctoral Fellowships will allow beginning researchers to work at the frontier of synchrotron radiation research and to help advance state-of-the-art applications.

17

Energy-Efficient Residence Hall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, there has been an increase in the number of energy efficient buildings in the U.S. We want to encourage this green movement by providing people with a simple and systematic Stairwell Closable vents leading from the floor to the stairwell along with windows in the stairwell leading outside act as a thermal chimney which gets rid of excess heat. approach for green building construction. Our project focuses on creating a guideline for an energy-efficient residence hall. We have looked into energy-efficient and eco-friendly lighting, heating, insulation, and other aspects that integrate into a green building. Our guideline, as a result, will aid colleges in the Worcester community to design and construct green residence halls.

Giselle Chen; Nathaniel Eames; Andrew Holmes; Grant Wong; Advisor David Spanagel (humanities; Arts Department

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Energy efficient residence: research results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report on the design, construction, and monitoring of an energy efficient residence and a conventional comparison home by the National Association of Home Builders Research Foundation, Inc. The report describes the two homes in considerable detail, summarizes the results of the energy and other measurements, and evaluates many of the energy conservation techniques used. Finally, these results are synthesized with the foundation's other energy conservation experience into two lists of energy saving design tips for homes in both colder and warmer climates. Most of the design tips are accompanied by brief comments intended to aid in their interpretation and use.

Johnson, R.J.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Trends in electric utility load duration curves  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the development and analysis of annual and quarterly load duration curves for each of the 10 Federal regions. The report describes analyses performed to test for changes in load duration curve shapes over time. These analyses are intended to aid the electric utility analyses and modeling activities of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) by expanding the understanding of current and expected load duration curve shapes. 7 figs., 13 tabs.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Analytical and spectroscopic characterization of humic acids extracted from sewage sludge, manure, and worm compost  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Humic acids extracted from sewage sludges, manure, and worm compost have been characterized by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Meaningful differences in the composition were revealed by FTIR, {sup 1}H, {sup 13}C NMR, and visible spectroscopies. These differences allow a differentiation among the products depending on the source from which they were obtained. Humic acid extracted from sewage sludges contains the highest percentage of aliphatic carbon, associated with polysaccharides and proteinaceous structures, and has characteristics close to those of aquatic humic acids. On the other hand, humic acids from manure and worm compost are similar to the humic acids originating from soil.

Deiana, S.; Gessa, C.; Manunza, B.; Seeber, R. (Universita di Sassari (Italy)); Rausa, R. (Eniricerche S.p.A., Milanese (Italy))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A survey of dermatology residency program directors' views on mentorship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

directors of residency training programs have an importantgiven residency training program. This study was undertakenacademic residency training programs in the United States.

Donovan, Jeff

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Variable residence time vortex combustor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable residence time vortex combustor including a primary combustion chamber for containing a combustion vortex, and a plurality of louvres peripherally disposed about the primary combustion chamber and longitudinally distributed along its primary axis. The louvres are inclined to impel air about the primary combustion chamber to cool its interior surfaces and to impel air inwardly to assist in driving the combustion vortex in a first rotational direction and to feed combustion in the primary combustion chamber. The vortex combustor also includes a second combustion chamber having a secondary zone and a narrowed waist region in the primary combustion chamber interconnecting the output of the primary combustion chamber with the secondary zone for passing only lower density particles and trapping higher density particles in the combustion vortex in the primary combustion chamber for substantial combustion.

Melconian, Jerry O. (76 Beaver Rd., Reading, MA 01867)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Strong motion duration and earthquake magnitude relationships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Earthquake duration is the total time of ground shaking from the arrival of seismic waves until the return to ambient conditions. Much of this time is at relatively low shaking levels which have little effect on seismic structural response and on earthquake damage potential. As a result, a parameter termed ``strong motion duration`` has been defined by a number of investigators to be used for the purpose of evaluating seismic response and assessing the potential for structural damage due to earthquakes. This report presents methods for determining strong motion duration and a time history envelope function appropriate for various evaluation purposes, for earthquake magnitude and distance, and for site soil properties. There are numerous definitions of strong motion duration. For most of these definitions, empirical studies have been completed which relate duration to earthquake magnitude and distance and to site soil properties. Each of these definitions recognizes that only the portion of an earthquake record which has sufficiently high acceleration amplitude, energy content, or some other parameters significantly affects seismic response. Studies have been performed which indicate that the portion of an earthquake record in which the power (average rate of energy input) is maximum correlates most closely with potential damage to stiff nuclear power plant structures. Hence, this report will concentrate on energy based strong motion duration definitions.

Salmon, M.W.; Short, S.A. [EQE International, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States); Kennedy, R.P. [RPK Structural Mechanics Consulting, Yorba Linda, CA (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Spatially resolved measurements of kinematics and flow-induced birefringence in worm-like micellar solutions undergoing high rate deformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Worm-like micellar solutions are model non-Newtonian systems on account of their well understood linear viscoelastic behavior. Their high deformation rate, non-linear rheological response, however, remains inadequately ...

Ober, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Humidity fluctuations in solar greenhouse-residences  

SciTech Connect

The thermal performance of solar greenhouse-residences is well-documented. Data concerning temperature fluctuations and horticultural yield are obtainable and provide a clear picture of greenhouse-residence temperature extremes. However, both human comfort and plant growing environment are not dependent upon temperature alone. Air movement, radiation, and humidity are other criteria that can influence thermal comfort and growing conditions. The effect a vegetable peoducing greenhouse has on thermal comfort of an adjoining residence is illustrated in terms of temperature and humidity. An analysis of dewpoint conditions will further indicate the effect of moisture within the individual components. A solar greenhouse-residence with an integrated heating collection and distribution system exhibited higher internal humidities than conventional housing. The greenhouse exhibited greater diurnal swings than the adjoining residence. Transfer of moisture occurred from greenhouse to residence and caused infrequent dewpoint levels in the house. An analysis of two such buildings indicated a higher average relative humidity in the solar greenhouse-residence over conventional housing in the southeast.

Davis, M.A. (Clemson Univ., SC); Harrison, R.E.; Godbey, L.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Advantages of a Three-Year Residency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resident is still in a training program. On balance, givenyear to three-year training programs, there is no data toIn most four-year training programs, the supervision of

Langdorf, Mark; Lotfipour, Shahram

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Does the Air-Conditioning Engineering Rubric Work in Residences...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Does the Air-Conditioning Engineering Rubric Work in Residences? Title Does the Air-Conditioning Engineering Rubric Work in Residences? Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL...

28

A Survey of Graduating Emergency Medicine Residents’ Experience with Cricothyrotomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residency Review Committee (RRC) for EM stipulates that aFor this reason, the RRC for EM requires each resident to

Makowski, Andrew L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Variability in Ultrasound Education among Emergency Medicine Residencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the responding programs offer training in 13 applications.of residency training; however, only 15 programs respondedemergency ultrasound training or how residency programs have

Ahern, Matthew; Mallin, Michael P; Weitzel, Scott; Madsen, Troy; Hunt, Pat

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Management Training for Pathology Residents: A Regional Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most residency training programs do not have faculty membersdidactic management training program for the residents fromdue burden on any single training program. Methods. —Faculty

Wagar, E A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Management Training for Pathology Residents: A Regional Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mentor based management training. Am J Clin Pathol. 1997:WH, Healy JC. Informatics training in pathology residencyJanuary 2004 Management Training for Pathology Residents—

Wagar, E A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Results of the 2005-2008 Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology Survey of Chief Residents in the United States: Clinical Training and Resident Working Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To document clinical training and resident working conditions reported by chief residents during their residency. Methods and Materials: During the academic years 2005 to 2006, 2006 to 2007, and 2007 to 2008, the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology conducted a nationwide survey of all radiation oncology chief residents in the United States. Chi-square statistics were used to assess changes in clinical training and resident working conditions over time. Results: Surveys were completed by representatives from 55 programs (response rate, 71.4%) in 2005 to 2006, 60 programs (75.9%) in 2006 to 2007, and 74 programs (93.7%) in 2007 to 2008. Nearly all chief residents reported receiving adequate clinical experience in commonly treated disease sites, such as breast and genitourinary malignancies; and commonly performed procedures, such as three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Clinical experience in extracranial stereotactic radiotherapy increased over time (p capital costs, such as particle beam therapy and intraoperative radiotherapy, and infrequent clinical use, such as head and neck brachytherapy, were limited to a minority of institutions. Most residency programs associated with at least one satellite facility have incorporated resident rotations into their clinical training, and the majority of residents at these programs find them valuable experiences. The majority of residents reported working 60 or fewer hours per week on required clinical duties. Conclusions: Trends in clinical training and resident working conditions over 3 years are documented to allow residents and program directors to assess their residency training.

Gondi, Vinai, E-mail: gondi@humonc.wisc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, Wisconsin (United States); Bernard, Johnny Ray [Mayo Clinic Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida (United States); Jabbari, Siavash [University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Keam, Jennifer [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Amorim Bernstein, Karen L. de [Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York (United States); Dad, Luqman K. [SUNY Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York (United States); Li, Linna [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Poppe, Matthew M. [University of Utah Huntsman Cancer Hospital (United States); Strauss, Jonathan B. [Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Chollet, Casey T. [Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2010 4, 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR HUMAN RESOURCES DIRECTORS c:::::::;...-~ l-- -- FROM: SARAH J. ILLA, DIRECTOR OFFICE OF MAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT OFFICE OF THE CHIEF HUMAN CAPITAL OFFICER SUBJECT: POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #14: ESTABLISHING A RESIDENCE FOR A RELOCATION INCENTIVE An employee who is relocating to a new commuting area must establish a temporary or permanent residence before s/he is eligible for a payment of a relocation incentive. Neither OPM's regulations or guidance nor GSA's Federal Travel Regulation address this issue. DOE guidance is as follows. This guidance will be incorporated in the DOE Handbook on Recruitment and Retention Incentives as an appendix during the next update. Temporary Residence. a. For a temporary change of station (TeS) of at least 6 months, but not more than 30

34

2009 Canadian Radiation Oncology Resident Survey  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Statistics from the Canadian post-MD education registry show that numbers of Canadian radiation oncology (RO) trainees have risen from 62 in 1999 to approximately 150 per year between 2003 and 2009, contributing to the current perceived downturn in employment opportunities for radiation oncologists in Canada. When last surveyed in 2003, Canadian RO residents identified job availability as their main concern. Our objective was to survey current Canadian RO residents on their training and career plans. Methods and Materials: Trainees from the 13 Canadian residency programs using the national matching service were sought. Potential respondents were identified through individual program directors or chief resident and were e-mailed a secure link to an online survey. Descriptive statistics were used to report responses. Results: The eligible response rate was 53% (83/156). Similar to the 2003 survey, respondents generally expressed high satisfaction with their programs and specialty. The most frequently expressed perceived weakness in their training differed from 2003, with 46.5% of current respondents feeling unprepared to enter the job market. 72% plan on pursuing a postresidency fellowship. Most respondents intend to practice in Canada. Fewer than 20% of respondents believe that there is a strong demand for radiation oncologists in Canada. Conclusions: Respondents to the current survey expressed significant satisfaction with their career choice and training program. However, differences exist compared with the 2003 survey, including the current perceived lack of demand for radiation oncologists in Canada.

Debenham, Brock, E-mail: debenham@ualberta.net [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cross Cancer Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); Banerjee, Robyn [Department of Radiation Oncology, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Fairchild, Alysa; Dundas, George [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cross Cancer Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); Trotter, Theresa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Yee, Don [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cross Cancer Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Selection of Frequency, Power, and Duration of Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...the duration of heating and the power density (kilowatts per square inch of surface exposed to the

36

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Residents Learn to Open...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residents Learn to Open Their Doors to Energy Efficiency in Michigan to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Residents Learn to Open Their Doors to Energy...

37

ENERGY STAR Score for Residence Halls/Dormitories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residence HallsDormitories in the United States Page 1 ENERGY STAR Score for Residence HallsDormitories in the United States Technical Reference OVERVIEW The ENERGY STAR Score...

38

Results of the 2003 Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology (ARRO) surveys of residents and chief residents in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To document demographic characteristics of current residents, career motivations and aspirations, and training program policies and resources. Methods: In 2003, the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology (ARRO) conducted two nationwide surveys: one of all U.S. radiation oncology residents and one of chief residents. Results: The Chief Residents' Survey was completed by representatives from all 77 programs (response rate, 100%). The Residents' Survey was returned by 229 respondents (response rate, 44%). In each, 32% of respondents were female. The most popular career after residency was private practice (46%), followed by permanent academic practice (28%). Changes that would entice those choosing private practice to consider an academic career included more research experience as a resident (76%), higher likelihood of tenure (69%), lesser time commitment (66%), and higher salary (54%). Although the majority of respondents were satisfied with educational experience overall, a number of programs were reported to provide fewer resources than required. Conclusions: Median program resources and numbers of outliers are documented to allow residents and program directors to assess the relative adequacy of experience in their own programs. Policy-making bodies and individual programs should consider these results when developing interventions to improve educational experiences of residents and to increase retention of radiation oncologists in academic practice.

Jagsi, Reshma [Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Buck, David A. [Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, VA (United States); Singh, Anurag K. [Washington University, Seattle, WA (United States); Engleman, Mark [Northwestern University, Chicago, IL (United States); Thakkar, Vipul [Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Frank, Steven J. [University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Flynn, Daniel [Holy Family Hospital, Methuen, MA (United States)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Medical Resident Medicare Tax Refund Claims University of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Medical Resident Medicare Tax Refund Claims University of California April 30, 2013 On March 2 portion of FICA taxes paid for medical residents prior to April 1, 2005, so long as the employer the requisite filings on behalf of its medical schools, medical centers, and residents for tax periods dating

Russell, Lynn

40

Controlled short residence time coal liquefaction process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Normally solid dissolved coal product and a distillate liquid product are produced by continuously passing a feed slurry comprising raw feed coal and a recycle solvent oil and/or slurry together with hydrogen to a preheating-reaction zone (26, alone, or 26 together with 42), the hydrogen pressure in the preheating-reaction zone being at least 1500 psig (105 kg/cm.sup.2), reacting the slurry in the preheating-reaction zone (26, or 26 with 42) at a temperature in the range of between about 455.degree. and about 500.degree. C. to dissolve the coal to form normally liquid coal and normally solid dissolved coal. A total slurry residence time is maintained in the reaction zone ranging from a finite value from about 0 to about 0.2 hour, and reaction effluent is continuously and directly contacted with a quenching fluid (40, 68) to substantially immediately reduce the temperature of the reaction effluent to below 425.degree. C. to substantially inhibit polymerization so that the yield of insoluble organic matter comprises less than 9 weight percent of said feed coal on a moisture-free basis. The reaction is performed under conditions of temperature, hydrogen pressure and residence time such that the quantity of distillate liquid boiling within the range C.sub.5 -455.degree. C. is an amount at least equal to that obtainable by performing the process under the same conditions except for a longer total slurry residence time, e.g., 0.3 hour. Solvent boiling range liquid is separated from the reaction effluent and recycled as process solvent.

Anderson, Raymond P. (Overland Park, KS); Schmalzer, David K. (Englewood, CO); Wright, Charles H. (Overland Park, KS)

1982-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Are Simulation Stethoscopes a Useful Adjunct for Emergency Medicine Residents Training on High-fidelity Mannequins?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a simulator in training anesthesiology residents. Acadal. Simulation-based training of internal medicine residentsEmergency Residents’ Training on High-fidelity Mannequins?

Warrington, Steven Jay; Beeson, Michael S; Fire, Frank L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

A Gamma-Ray Bursts' Fluence-Duration Correlation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analysis indicating that there is a correlation between the fluences and the durations of gamma-ray bursts, and provide arguments that this reflects a correlation between the total emitted energies and the intrinsic durations. For the short (long) bursts the total emitted energies are roughly proportional to the first (second) power of the intrinsic duration. This difference in the energy-duration relationship is statistically significant, and may provide an interesting constraint on models aiming to explain the short and long gamma-ray bursts.

Istvan Horvath; Lajos G. Balazs; Peter Meszaros; Zsolt Bagoly; Attila Meszaros

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The prime curriculum - Clinical research training during residency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U C AT I O N The Prime Curriculum Clinical Research TrainingDESCRIPTION: The PRIME curriculum utilizes didactic lecture,and educators, our curriculum affords residents the

Kohlwes, R J; Shunk, R L; Avins, A; Garber, J; Bent, S; Shlipak, M G

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Behavior, comfort, and energy consumption in student residence halls.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??New residence halls differ from their predecessors because of sophisticated systems, concern for energy efficiency, and attention to student satisfaction. Nevertheless, older facilities represent the… (more)

Collins, Thomas Daniel, 1979-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Are Durations of Weak Gamma-Ray Bursts Reliable?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations in the GUSBAD Catalog of gamma-ray bursts suggest that the apparent duration of a burst decreases as its amplitude is decreased. We see no evidence for this effect in the BATSE catalog. We show that for a burst at the detection limit, the typical signal-to-noise ratio at the edges of the T90 duration is around 1.5, suggesting that T90 must be quite uncertain. The situation for T50 is less unfavorable. Simulations using the exact procedure to derive the durations in the BATSE catalog would be useful in quantifying the effect.

Maarten Schmidt

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

46

THE RESIDENTS' STUDENTS ARE ADVISED TO KEEP THIS BOOKLET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE RESIDENTS' HANDBOOK 2010/2011 STUDENTS ARE ADVISED TO KEEP THIS BOOKLET FOR FUTURE REFERENCE in the Conditions of Occupancy and the Residents' Handbook which are available at the following web locations: http://www.tcd.ie/accommodationandcatering/PDF/conditionsofoccup1011.pdf http://www.tcd.ie//accommodationandcatering/PDF/Handbook1011.pdf Timothy J Trimble, Junior

O'Mahony, Donal E.

47

Nonprofit Helps Kansas City Residents Conserve Energy | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nonprofit Helps Kansas City Residents Conserve Energy Nonprofit Helps Kansas City Residents Conserve Energy Nonprofit Helps Kansas City Residents Conserve Energy April 30, 2010 - 2:32pm Addthis Metropolitan Energy Center helps Kansas City residents manage and control their energy use. | File illustration Metropolitan Energy Center helps Kansas City residents manage and control their energy use. | File illustration Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE To make her home energy efficient, the first thing Rita Norton had to do was "tighten the envelope." That meant stuffing more insulation between her walls and sealing cracks at the foundation to keep any unwanted air from sneaking in or valuable air from seeping out. "That's the phrase they call it," says the former

48

Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #14: An employee who is relocating to a new commuting area must establish a temporary or permanent residence before s/he is eligible for a payment of a relocation incentive. Neither OPM's regulations or guidance nor GSA's Federal Travel Regulation address this issue. DOE guidance is as follows. This guidance will be incorporated in the DOE Handbook on Recruitment and Retention Incentives as an appendix during the next update. Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-3372 More Documents & Publications DOE Handbook on Recruitment and Retention Incentives

49

Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #14: An employee who is relocating to a new commuting area must establish a temporary or permanent residence before s/he is eligible for a payment of a relocation incentive. Neither OPM's regulations or guidance nor GSA's Federal Travel Regulation address this issue. DOE guidance is as follows. This guidance will be incorporated in the DOE Handbook on Recruitment and Retention Incentives as an appendix during the next update. Establishing a Residence for a Relocation Incentive Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-3372 More Documents & Publications FAQ: Relocation Expenses

50

Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions January 27, 2010 - 3:42pm Addthis Indiantown, Florida, has a lot of small-town charm. Its 7,000 residents have acres of citrus groves but only one traffic light in the town. It might be small in size, but Indiantown Non-Profit Housing is making quite an impact across its region. This nonprofit weatherizes the homes of qualifying residents free of charge, and demand for its services is on the rise. "One of the best outcomes is that we can hire additional employees" says Director Donna Carman, referring to the $5.2 million in Recovery Act funds Indiantown Non-Profit Housing has received. The staff has more than doubled from five to 16, meaning that Floridians like 72-year-old Edith

51

Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01: Duration of Investigations Conducted  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duration of Investigations Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01: Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) The DOE Enforcement Handbook (1087-95) provides the Office of Enforcement and lnvestigation with the opportunity to issue interim clarifying guidance occasionally with respect to the processes to be used in this office (see Section 1.3- Interim Enforcement Guidance). In particular, it is important to assist contractors and others on the relationships between the requirements of Part 820 and the Enforcement Policy, 10 CFR 820, Appendix A. Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01: Duration of Investigations Conducted

52

Threshold Relative Humidity Duration Forecasts for Plant Disease Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Duration of high relative humidity periods is an important component of many plant disease development models. Performance of forecasts of this quantity, based on the model output statistics 3-h temperature and dewpoint forecasts produced by the ...

Daniel S. Wilks; Karin W. Shen

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Stand-alone solar residence and solar electric auto  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a system design recently patented (US Patent No. 4,182,960, Integrated Residential and Automotive (Solar) Energy System, issued January 8, 1980). a passive solar residence first is equipped with photovoltaic arrays to charge both the residence and an electric auto. Then, a liquid-fueled engine/generator on board the auto both (1) extends the range of the electric auto and (2) enables the auto with its engine/generator to serve as a backup source of heat and electricity for the residence.

Reuyl, J.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Effects of radiation on frequency of chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchange in the benthic worm Neanthes arenaceodentata  

SciTech Connect

Traditional bioassays are unsuitable for assessing sublethal effects of low levels of radioactivity because mortality and phenotypic responses are not anticipated. We compared the usefulness of chromosomal aberration (CA) and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) induction as measures of low-level radiation effects in a sediment-dwelling marine worm, Neanthes arenaceodentata. Newly hatched larvae were exposed to two radiation exposure regimes. Groups of 100 larvae were exposed to either x rays delivered at high dose rates (0.7 Gy min/sup -1/) or to /sup 60/Co gamma rays delivered at low dose rates (4.8 X 10/sup -5/ to 1.2 X 10/sup -1/ Gy h/sup -1/). After irradiation, the larvae were exposed to 3 X 10/sup -5/M bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) for 28 h (x-ray-irradiated larvae) or for 54 h (/sup 60/Co-irradiated larvae). Slides of larval cells were prepared for observation of CAs and SCEs. Frequencies of CAs were determined in first division cells; frequencies of SCEs were determined in second division cells. Results from x-ray irradiation indicated that dose-related increases occur in chromosome and chromatid deletions, but an x-ray dose greater than or equal to 2 Gy was required to observe a significant increase. Worm larvae receiving /sup 60/Co irradiation showed elevated SCE frequencies; a significant increase in SCE frequency was observed at 0.6 Gy. 49 references, 2 figures.

Harrison, F.L.; Rice, D.W. Jr.; Moore, D.H.; Varela, M.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Van Norman Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Norman Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Norman Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Van Norman Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Van Norman Residences Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Thermopolis, Wyoming Coordinates 43.6460672°, -108.2120432° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

56

Mississippi Residents Save Through Appliance Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residents Save Through Appliance Rebate Program Residents Save Through Appliance Rebate Program Mississippi Residents Save Through Appliance Rebate Program October 27, 2010 - 11:39am Addthis Mississippi's Cowboy Maloney stores saw increases of up to 90 percent on front-loading washing machines in April. | Photo courtesy of Flickr user Andrew Kelsall via the Creative Commons license Mississippi's Cowboy Maloney stores saw increases of up to 90 percent on front-loading washing machines in April. | Photo courtesy of Flickr user Andrew Kelsall via the Creative Commons license Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Mississippi rebate program issues 37,430 rebates to residents. Recovery Act helped consumers conserve energy and save millions of dollars. Program demand helps one Mississippi retailer see 90% increase in

57

Vale Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Vale Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Vale Residences Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Vale, Oregon Coordinates 43.9821055°, -117.2382311° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

58

Lakeview Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lakeview Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Lakeview Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Lakeview Residences Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Lakeview Residences Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Lakeview, Oregon Coordinates 42.1887721°, -120.345792° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

59

Nonprofit Helps Kansas City Residents Conserve Energy | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

years, MEC has fielded more and more calls from residents like Rita who want energy audits and upgrades to their homes. The organization went from six contractors doing 150 jobs...

60

Don ' t forget to read your Residence Student Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and light bulbs are available free of charge from your RA or the Alumni front desk! Clark Residence Clark comes fully equipped with a single bed and mattress, a desk (with study light, hutch and shelf included

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Developing resident leadership : theory and practice in Boston's neighborhoods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For decades, Boston residents have worked together and organized to strengthen and protect their neighborhoods, often in response to encroaching government policy and local development. The South End's Villa Victoria housing ...

Alleyne, Kim L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Decision Making by Austin, Texas, Residents in Hypothetical Tornado Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the goals of the Warning Project is to understand how people receive warnings of hazardous weather and subsequently use this information to make decisions. As part of the project, 519 surveys from Austin, Texas, floodplain residents were ...

David M. Schultz; Eve C. Gruntfest; Mary H. Hayden; Charles C. Benight; Sheldon Drobot; Lindsey R. Barnes

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Klamath Residence (500) Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Residence (500) Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Residence (500) Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Klamath Residence (500) Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Klamath Residence (500) Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Klamath Falls, Oregon Coordinates 42.224867°, -121.7816704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

64

DOE's Entrepreneur in Residence (EIR) Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Entrepreneur in Residence (EIR) Program Entrepreneur in Residence (EIR) Program DOE's Entrepreneur in Residence (EIR) Program October 24, 2007 - 3:45pm Addthis "It is in our vital interest to diversify America's energy supply - and the way forward is through technology." - President George W. Bush, 2007 State of the Union Address DOE's Commercialization Team The Commercialization Team is focused on broad market adoption of clean energy technologies. Crucial to this effort, is supporting the move of these technologies from DOE's National Laboratories to the private sector. About the EIR Program The Entrepreneur in Residence (EIR) Program will bring venture capital sponsored entrepreneurs into three of DOE's National Laboratories to develop plans to commercialize new clean energy technologies. The

65

Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01:Duration of Investigations Conducted  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01:Duration of Investigations Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01:Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01:Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) The DOE Enforcement Handbook (1087-95) provides the Office of Enforcement and Investigation with the opportunity to issue interim clarifying guidance occasionally with respect to the processes to be used in this office (see Section 1.3- Interim Enforcement Guidance). In particular, it is important to assist contractors and others on the relationships between the requirements of Part 820 and the Enforcement Policy, 10 CFR 820, Appendix

66

Are Durations of Weak Gamma-Ray Bursts Reliable?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations in the GUSBAD Catalog of gamma-ray bursts suggest that the apparent duration of a burst decreases as its amplitude is decreased. We see no evidence for this effect in the BATSE catalog. We show that for a burst at the detection limit, the typical signal-to-noise ratio at the edges of the T90 duration is around 1.5, suggesting that T90 must be quite uncertain. The situation for T50 is less unfavorable. Simulations using the exact procedure to derive the durations listed in the BATSE catalog would be useful in quantifying the effect. PACS 95.85.Pw – gamma-ray. PACS 98.70.Rz – gamma-ray bursts.

Maarten Schmidt

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Issue 14: Transportation, Economy, and Crime Top Los Angeles County Residents’ Concerns About the Region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation, Economy, and Crime Top LA County Residents’Transportation, Economy, and Crime Top LA County Residents’the economy, educa- tion, crime, and housing were the most

Haselhoff, Kim; Ong, Paul M.; Tran, Lucy

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

In-Training Practice Patterns of Combined Emergency Medicine/Internal Medicine Residents, 2003-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

medicine residents during training. Ann Int Med. 2006;145:et al Table 3. Perceived training deficits of current (2008)specialty elective training during residency Administrative

Kessler, Chad S; Gonzalez, Andrew A; Stallings, Leonard A; Templeman, Todd A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Managing Constructibility Reviews to Reduce Highway Project Durations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- creases costs. Research confirms that schedule compression has led to increases in project cost CII 1989 in project cost provided certain tech- niques are applied during project development and especially dur- ing to have the highest potential to reduce project duration without increasing total project cost. Project

Ford, David N.

70

Duration Test Report for the Entegrity EW50 Wind Turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a duration test that NREL conducted on the Entegrity EW50 wind turbine. This test was conducted in accordance with the International Electrotechnical Commissions' (IEC) standard, Wind Turbine Generator System Part 2: Design requirements for small wind turbines, IEC 61400-2 Ed.2.0, 2006-03.

Smith, J.; Huskey, A.; Jager, D.; Hur, J.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

A General Investigation of Optimized Atmospheric Sample Duration  

SciTech Connect

ABSTRACT The International Monitoring System (IMS) consists of up to 80 aerosol and xenon monitoring systems spaced around the world that have collection systems sensitive enough to detect nuclear releases from underground nuclear tests at great distances (CTBT 1996; CTBTO 2011). Although a few of the IMS radionuclide stations are closer together than 1,000 km (such as the stations in Kuwait and Iran), many of them are 2,000 km or more apart. In the absence of a scientific basis for optimizing the duration of atmospheric sampling, historically scientists used a integration times from 24 hours to 14 days for radionuclides (Thomas et al. 1977). This was entirely adequate in the past because the sources of signals were far away and large, meaning that they were smeared over many days by the time they had travelled 10,000 km. The Fukushima event pointed out the unacceptable delay time (72 hours) between the start of sample acquisition and final data being shipped. A scientific basis for selecting a sample duration time is needed. This report considers plume migration of a nondecaying tracer using archived atmospheric data for 2011 in the HYSPLIT (Draxler and Hess 1998; HYSPLIT 2011) transport model. We present two related results: the temporal duration of the majority of the plume as a function of distance and the behavior of the maximum plume concentration as a function of sample collection duration and distance. The modeled plume behavior can then be combined with external information about sampler design to optimize sample durations in a sampling network.

Eslinger, Paul W.; Miley, Harry S.

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

72

Carnets de Gologie / Notebooks on Geology -Article 2005/03 (CG2005_A03) The distribution of worm borings in brachiopod shells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

borings in brachiopod shells from the Caradoc Oil Shale of Estonia. Olev VINN 1 Abstract: Abundant worm (Caradoc) oil shale in North Estonia. 9 of 21 brachiopod genera (43 %) have been bored. Excluding the size. Key Words: Ordovician; Estonia; oil shale; Brachiopoda; Trypanites; palaeoecology Citation: VINN O

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

DOE Announces Expansion and Solicitation for Entrepreneur in Residence  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expansion and Solicitation for Entrepreneur in Expansion and Solicitation for Entrepreneur in Residence Program DOE Announces Expansion and Solicitation for Entrepreneur in Residence Program November 19, 2008 - 4:58pm Addthis Entrepreneurs Accelerate Deployment of Advanced Clean Energy Technologies from DOE's Labs to the Marketplace WASHINGTON - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today announced a competitive solicitation for five venture capital firms to participate in the expansion of DOE's Entrepreneur in Residence (EIR) program, that aims to accelerate deployment and commercialization of advanced clean energy technologies from DOE's National Laboratories. EIR furthers President Bush's comprehensive strategy to reduce our nation's dependence on foreign oil and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by empowering

74

Educating Glendale, Arizona Residents About Energy Savings | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Educating Glendale, Arizona Residents About Energy Savings Educating Glendale, Arizona Residents About Energy Savings Educating Glendale, Arizona Residents About Energy Savings August 10, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis A portion of Glendale, Arizona's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant was used to purchase programmable thermostats. | Department of Energy Photo | A portion of Glendale, Arizona's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant was used to purchase programmable thermostats. | Department of Energy Photo | Kevin Craft City officials in Glendale, Ariz. had a problem. Citizens were constantly asking them for information on how to reduce home energy consumption, but they did not have a staff member to answer the questions. That changed in June 2009, when the city hired Nancy Schwab to be the official energy education specialist.

75

Tallahassee Program Encourages Residents to Build Green | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tallahassee Program Encourages Residents to Build Green Tallahassee Program Encourages Residents to Build Green Tallahassee Program Encourages Residents to Build Green June 16, 2010 - 12:56pm Addthis The city of Tallahassee recently launched a Residential Green Building Program that city officials predict will help reduce the city's carbon footprint and stimulate the local economy. Cynthia Barber, executive director of Tallahassee's office of Environmental Policy and Energy Resources, says an increase in green construction will provide employment opportunities for trade specialists. "Workers, who specialize in green services, such as homebuilders and evaluators, will get more opportunities to construct green homes and carry out certifications," says Barber. "They will benefit as a result of having

76

Educating Glendale, Arizona Residents About Energy Savings | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Educating Glendale, Arizona Residents About Energy Savings Educating Glendale, Arizona Residents About Energy Savings Educating Glendale, Arizona Residents About Energy Savings August 10, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis A portion of Glendale, Arizona's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant was used to purchase programmable thermostats. | Department of Energy Photo | A portion of Glendale, Arizona's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant was used to purchase programmable thermostats. | Department of Energy Photo | Kevin Craft City officials in Glendale, Ariz. had a problem. Citizens were constantly asking them for information on how to reduce home energy consumption, but they did not have a staff member to answer the questions. That changed in June 2009, when the city hired Nancy Schwab to be the official energy education specialist.

77

Inductively stabilized, long pulse duration transverse discharge apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inductively stabilized, long pulse duration transverse discharge apparatus. The use of a segmented electrode where each segment is attached to an inductive element permits high-energy, high-efficiency, long pulsed laser outputs to be obtained. The apparatus has been demonstrated with rare gas halide lasing media. Orders of magnitude increase in pulse repetition frequency are obtained in lasing devices that do not utilize gas flow.

Sze, R.C.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Inductively stabilized, long pulse duration transverse discharge apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inductively stabilized, long pulse duration transverse discharge apparatus. The use of a segmented electrode where each segment is attached to an inductive element permits high energy, high efficiency, long-pulsed laser outputs to be obtained. The present apparatus has been demonstrated with rare-gas halide lasing media. Orders of magnitude increase in pulse repetition frequency are obtained in lasing devices that do not utilize gas flow.

Sze, Robert C. (Santa Fe, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Progress toward a microsecond duration, repetitively pulsed, intense- ion beam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of intense ion beams applications are emerging requiring repetitive high-average-power beams. These applications include ablative deposition of thin films, rapid melt and resolidification for surface property enhancement, advanced diagnostic neutral beams for the next generation of Tokamaks, and intense pulsed-neutron sources. We are developing a 200-250 keV, 15 kA, 1 {mu}s duration, 1-30 Hz intense ion beam accelerator to address these applications.

Davis, H.A.; Olson, J.C.; Reass, W.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Coates, D.M.; Hunt, J.W.; Schleinitz, H.M. [Du Pont de Nemours (E.I.) and Co., Wilmington, DE (United States). Central Research and Development Dept.; Lovberg, R.H. [California Univ., San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States); Greenly, J.B. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Lab. of Plasma Studies

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Duration Test Report for the Viryd CS8 Wind Turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a duration noise test that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted on the Viryd CS8 wind turbine. This test was conducted in accordance with Clause 9.4 of the International Electrotechnical Commission's (IEC) standard, Wind turbines - Part 2: Design requirements for small wind turbines, IEC 61400-2 Ed. 2.0:2006-03. NREL researchers evaluated the turbine based on structural integrity and material degradation, quality of environmental protection, and dynamic behavior.

Roadman, J.; Murphy, M.; van Dam, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Emergency Medical Questionnaire & College Medical Registration Form This information is retained at your Residence for use by Residence staff in the event of a medical emergency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emergency Medical Questionnaire & College Medical Registration Form This information is retained at your Residence for use by Residence staff in the event of a medical emergency and will be treated or a GP (General Medical Practitioner) in London who is prepared to visit them in their Residence should

Applebaum, David

82

Comparison of residence time models for cascading rotary dryers  

SciTech Connect

The predictions of the models of Matchett and Baker (1988), Saeman and Mitchell (1954) and Friedman and Marshall (1949) for the solids residence time in rotary dryers have been compared with both pilot-scale and industrial-scale data. A countercurrent pilot-scale dryer of 0.2m diameter and 2m long has been used with air velocities up to 1.5 m to measure the residence times of sorghum grain. The average discrepancy for the solids residence time between the predictions and the experiments that were carried out in the pilot-scale rotary dryer is {minus}10.4%. Compared with the models of Friedman and Marshall (1949) and Saeman and Mitchell (1954) for the pilot-scale data obtained here, the Matchett and Baker model is more satisfactory for predicting the solids residence time in this pilot-scale dryer. It has also been found that the model of Matchett and Baker describes the industrial data of Saeman and Mitchell (1954) than the correlation of Friedman and Marshall (1949).

Cao, W.F.; Langrish, T.A.G. [Univ. of Sydney, New South Wales (Australia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Stable, Ultra-Low Residence Time Partial Oxidation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the catalytic partial oxidation of methane in gas phase at very short residence time (800,000 to 12,000,000 hr.sup.-1) by contacting a gas stream containing methane and oxygen with a metal supported catalyst, such as platinum deposited on a ceramic monolith.

Schmidt, Lanny D. (Minneapolis, MN); Hickman, Daniel A. (Midland, MI)

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

JAVA SWING-BASED PLOTTING PACKAGE RESIDING WITHIN XAL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A data plotting package residing in the XAL tools set is presented. This package is based on Java SWING, and therefore it has the same portability as Java itself. The data types for charts, bar-charts, and color-surface plots are described. The algorithms, performance, interactive capabilities, limitations, and the best usage practices of this plotting package are discussed.

Shishlo, Andrei P [ORNL; Chu, Paul [Stanford University; Pelaia II, Tom [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Hazard Assessment of Chemical Air Contaminants Measured in Residences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hazard Assessment of Chemical Air Contaminants Measured in Residences Hazard Assessment of Chemical Air Contaminants Measured in Residences Title Hazard Assessment of Chemical Air Contaminants Measured in Residences Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-3650E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Logue, Jennifer M., Thomas E. McKone, Max H. Sherman, and Brett C. Singer Journal Indoor Air Volume 21 Start Page 92 Issue 2 Pagination 92-109 Date Published 04/2011 Keywords resave Abstract Identifying air pollutants that pose a potential hazard indoors can facilitate exposure mitigation. In this study, we compiled summary results from 77 published studies reporting measurements of chemical pollutants were representative of concentrations in residences in the United States. These data were used to calculate representative mid-range and upper bound concentrations relevant to chronic exposures for 267 pollutants and representative peak concentrations relevant to acute exposures for 5 activity-associated pollutants. Representative concentrations are compared to available chronic and acute health standards for 97 pollutants. Fifteen pollutants are identified as contaminants of concern for chronic health effects in a large fraction of homes. Nine pollutants are identified as potential chronic health hazards in a substantial minority of homes and an additional nine are identified as potential hazards in a very small percentage of homes. Nine pollutants are identified as priority hazards based on robustness of reported concentration data and fraction of residences that appear to be impacted: acetaldehyde; acrolein; benzene; 1,3- butadiene; 1,4-dichlorobenzene; formaldehyde; naphthalene; nitrogen dioxide; and PM2.5. Activity-based emissions are shown to pose potential acute health hazards for PM2.5, formaldehyde, CO, chloroform, and NO2.

86

Sustainability Evaluation of Resident Building in Bosnia and Herzegovina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy system of resident building requires to be seen as the complex system with defined respective indicators including: economic, environmental and social indicators with respective sub-indicators. In our analysis, we will assumed that the energy system is a complex system which may interact with its surrounding by utilizing resources, exchange conversion system products, utilize economic benefits from conversion process and absorb the social consequences of conversion process. This evaluation will be based on the selection of a number of resident buildings as the potential options appropriate for the geographic, climate and cultural region. With multi-criteria method based on the selected number of indicators the sustainability index will be determined. In this evaluation attention is focused on the following resident buildings: Bosnian family house, Modern architecture dwelling, Traditional family house, Best choice of local family house. The finale result of this study will be presented in Sustainability Index rating for the options under consideration. It can be noticed that the quality of the selected objects is defined in relation to the Sustainability Index.

Zlomusica, E.; Afgan, N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Simulation of the ghost ranch greenhouse-residence  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The greenhouse-residence unit of the Sundwellings Demonstration Center at Ghost Ranch, Abiguice, New Mexico, has been studied by computer modeling and simulation techniques. A thermal network model of the building has been developed in the framework of PASOLE, the Los Alamos passive solar energy simulation program. Simulation studied based on hourly weather data recorded during the 1977--78 heating season leave been done. Model validation was done by hourly comparisons of simulation predicted temperatures in the building with measured values of corresponding temperatures. The building model was used to predict a 12-month performance with the 1976--77 Los Alamos weather data. A solar fraction, the ratio of the solar portion of the residence heat input to the total heating load, was computed to be 60%. Other performance and design questions studies with 12-month Los Alamos simulation runs include the importance of the thermocirculation vents, the effect of external insulation on the residence walls, and the effect of nighttime insulation on the greenhouse glazing.

Jones, R.W.; McFarland, R.D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation in Residences  

SciTech Connect

Although it has been used for many years in commercial buildings, the application of demand controlled ventilation in residences is limited. In this study we used occupant exposure to pollutants integrated over time (referred to as 'dose') as the metric to evaluate the effectiveness and air quality implications of demand controlled ventilation in residences. We looked at air quality for two situations. The first is that typically used in ventilation standards: the exposure over a long term. The second is to look at peak exposures that are associated with time variations in ventilation rates and pollutant generation. The pollutant generation had two components: a background rate associated with the building materials and furnishings and a second component related to occupants. The demand controlled ventilation system operated at a low airflow rate when the residence was unoccupied and at a high airflow rate when occupied. We used analytical solutions to the continuity equation to determine the ventilation effectiveness and the long-term chronic dose and peak acute exposure for a representative range of occupancy periods, pollutant generation rates and airflow rates. The results of the study showed that we can optimize the demand controlled airflow rates to reduce the quantity of air used for ventilation without introducing problematic acute conditions.

Mortensen, Dorthe K.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Real time curriculum map for internal medicine residency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Background: To manage the voluminous formal curriculum content in a limited amount of structured teaching time, we describe the development and evaluation of a curriculum map for academic half days (AHD) in a core internal medicine residency program. Methods: We created a 3-year cyclical curriculum map (an educational tool combining the content, methodology and timetabling of structured teaching), comprising a matrix of topics under various specialties/themes and corresponding AHD hours. All topics were cross-matched against the ACP-ASIM in-training examination, and all hours were colour coded based on the categories of core competencies. Residents regularly updated the map on a real time basis. Results: There were 208 topics covered in 283 AHD hours. All topics represented core competencies with minimal duplication (78 % covered once in 3 years). Only 42 hours (15%) involved non-didactic teaching, which increased after implementation of the map (18–19 hours/year versus baseline 5 hours/year). Most AHD hours (78%) focused on medical expert competencies. Resident satisfaction (90 % response) was high throughout (range 3.64 ± 0.21, 3.84 ± 0.14 out of 4),

Roger Y Wong; J Mark Roberts; Roger Y Wong; J Mark Roberts

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Duration Test Report for the Ventera VT10 Wind Turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project was established to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small wind turbines. Five turbines were tested at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) as a part of round one of this project. Duration testing is one of up to five tests that may be performed on the turbines, including power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality. Test results will provide manufacturers with reports that can be used to fulfill part of the requirements for small wind turbine certification. The test equipment included a grid-connected Ventera Energy Corporation VT10 wind turbine mounted on an 18.3-m (60-ft) self-supporting lattice tower manufactured by Rohn.

Smith, J.; Huskey, A.; Jager, D.; Hur, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Duration Test Report for the SWIFT Wind Turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This test was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. This project was established to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. Three turbines where selected for testing at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) as a part of round two of the Small Wind Turbine Independent Testing project. Duration testing is one of up to 5 tests that may be performed on the turbines. Other tests include power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality. The results of the testing will provide the manufacturers with reports that may be used for small wind turbine certification.

Mendoza, I.; Hur, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Does Treatment Duration Affect Outcome After Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The protraction of external beam radiotherapy (RT) time is detrimental in several disease sites. In prostate cancer, the overall treatment time can be considerable, as can the potential for treatment breaks. We evaluated the effect of elapsed treatment time on outcome after RT for prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Between April 1989 and November 2004, 1,796 men with prostate cancer were treated with RT alone. The nontreatment day ratio (NTDR) was defined as the number of nontreatment days divided by the total elapsed days of RT. This ratio was used to account for the relationship between treatment duration and total RT dose. Men were stratified into low risk (n = 789), intermediate risk (n = 798), and high risk (n = 209) using a single-factor model. Results: The 10-year freedom from biochemical failure (FFBF) rate was 68% for a NTDR <33% vs. 58% for NTDR {>=}33% (p = 0.02; BF was defined as a prostate-specific antigen nadir + 2 ng/mL). In the low-risk group, the 10-year FFBF rate was 82% for NTDR <33% vs. 57% for NTDR {>=}33% (p = 0.0019). The NTDR was independently predictive for FFBF (p = 0.03), in addition to T stage (p = 0.005) and initial prostate-specific antigen level (p < 0.0001) on multivariate analysis, including Gleason score and radiation dose. The NTDR was not a significant predictor of FFBF when examined in the intermediate-risk group, high-risk group, or all risk groups combined. Conclusions: A proportionally longer treatment duration was identified as an adverse factor in low-risk patients. Treatment breaks resulting in a NTDR of {>=}33% (e.g., four or more breaks during a 40-fraction treatment, 5 d/wk) should be avoided.

D'Ambrosio, David J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Li Tianyu [Department of Biostatistics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Horwitz, Eric M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Chen, David Y.T. [Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Pollack, Alan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Buyyounouski, Mark K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)], E-mail: mark.buyyounouski@fccc.edu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Model of medical supply demand and astronaut health for long-duration human space flight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The medical care of space crews is the primary limiting factor in the achievement of long-duration space missions. (Nicogossian 2003) The goal of this thesis was to develop a model of long-duration human space flight ...

Assad, Albert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Influence of Rhythmic Grouping on Duration Perception: A Novel Auditory Illusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigated a potential auditory illusion in duration perception induced by rhythmic temporal contexts. Listeners with or without musical training performed a duration discrimination task for a silent period ...

Geiser, Eveline

95

Nonclassical hydrodynamic behavior of Sn plasma irradiated with a long duration CO2 laser pulse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a long duration CO 2 laser pulse Y. Tao · M.S. Tillackwith a long duration CO 2 laser pulse is much shorter thanmass and makes a CO 2 -laser-produced Sn plasma suitable as

Tao, Y.; Tillack, M. S.; Yuseph, S.; Burdt, R.; Najmabadi, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Measurement and Estimation of sunshine duration for Bangladesh | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measurement and Estimation of sunshine duration for Bangladesh Measurement and Estimation of sunshine duration for Bangladesh Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Sunshine duration recorders are widely used to estimate global radiation from sunshine duration data using Angstrom type correlations. The number of pyranometer stations that measure global radiation is inadequate in Bangladesh. 31 stations of Bangladesh Meteorological department records both sunshine duration and cloud cover data. A study of the data shows that 6 of the stations do not have satisfactory data for sunshine duration, while cloud cover data for all stations appear to be reasonably good. An attempt has therefore been taken to correlate cloud cover with sunshine duration to estimate sunshine hours for the 6 stations. In this paper two methods have been used to estimate sunshine duration from cloud cover.

97

"Living for the City:" : the political meaning of public housing residents' extraordinary struggle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While the particularities of public housing residents' hardships often capture the attention of the national media, less recognized and understood is how public housing residents work to address the instabilities they ...

Green, La Tonya M. (La Tonya Mellissa), 1975-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Sexual Assault Training in Emergency Medicine Residencies: A Survey of Program Directors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continue to coexist at residency training sites. In order toof SANE programs on resident training, future work should beSande et al Sexual Assault Training in Emergency Medicine

Sande, Margaret Kramer; Broderick, Kerry B.; Moreira, MD, Maria E.; Bender, Brooke; Hopkins, Emily; Buchanan, Jennie A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

onMetaData***duration@:*?`Aë7*width@ä*height  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FLV** *?*. onMetaData***duration@:*?`Aë7*width@ä*height@~. videodatarate@Å_@ framerate@> videocodecid@*audiosamplerate ...

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

100

Energy conservation practices participant manual: For public housing residents and renters  

SciTech Connect

This training manual focuses on actions which residents can take to improve energy conservation in their homes. (BCS)

Not Available

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Security and Access Policy Security of and access to campus facilities, including campus residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security and Access Policy Security of and access to campus facilities, including campus residences facilities. Residence halls are secured 24 hours a day. Over extended breaks, the doors of all residence halls will be secured around the clock. Some facilities may have individual hours, which may vary

Escher, Christine

102

Short residence time coal liquefaction process including catalytic hydrogenation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Normally solid dissolved coal product and a distillate liquid product are produced by continuously passing a feed slurry comprising raw feed coal and a recycle solvent oil and/or slurry together with hydrogen to a preheating-reaction zone, the hydrogen pressure in the preheating-reaction zone being at least 1,500 psig (105 kg/cm[sup 2]), reacting the slurry in the preheating-reaction zone at a temperature in the range of between about 455 and about 500 C to dissolve the coal to form normally liquid coal and normally solid dissolved coal. A total slurry residence time is maintained in the reaction zone ranging from a finite value from about 0 to about 0.2 hour, and reaction effluent is continuously and directly contacted with a quenching fluid to substantially immediately reduce the temperature of the reaction effluent to below 425 C to substantially inhibit polymerization so that the yield of insoluble organic matter comprises less than 9 weight percent of said feed coal on a moisture-free basis. The reaction is performed under conditions of temperature, hydrogen pressure and residence time such that the quantity of distillate liquid boiling within the range C[sub 5]-454 C is an amount at least equal to that obtainable by performing the process under the same condition except for a longer total slurry residence time, e.g., 0.3 hour. Solvent boiling range liquid is separated from the reaction effluent and recycled as process solvent. The amount of solvent boiling range liquid is sufficient to provide at least 80 weight percent of that required to maintain the process in overall solvent balance. 6 figs.

Anderson, R.P.; Schmalzer, D.K.; Wright, C.H.

1982-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

103

ASTRO's 2007 Core Physics Curriculum for Radiation Oncology Residents  

SciTech Connect

In 2004, American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) published a curriculum for physics education. The document described a 54-hour course. In 2006, the committee reconvened to update the curriculum. The committee is composed of physicists and physicians from various residency program teaching institutions. Simultaneously, members have associations with American Association of Physicists in Medicine, ASTRO, Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology, American Board of Radiology, and American College of Radiology. Representatives from the latter two organizations are key to provide feedback between the examining organizations and ASTRO. Subjects are based on Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requirements (particles and hyperthermia), whereas the majority of subjects and appropriated hours/subject were developed by consensus. The new curriculum is 55 hours, containing new subjects, redistribution of subjects with updates, and reorganization of core topics. For each subject, learning objectives are provided, and for each lecture hour, a detailed outline of material to be covered is provided. Some changes include a decrease in basic radiologic physics, addition of informatics as a subject, increase in intensity-modulated radiotherapy, and migration of some brachytherapy hours to radiopharmaceuticals. The new curriculum was approved by the ASTRO board in late 2006. It is hoped that physicists will adopt the curriculum for structuring their didactic teaching program, and simultaneously, American Board of Radiology, for its written examination. American College of Radiology uses the ASTRO curriculum for their training examination topics. In addition to the curriculum, the committee added suggested references, a glossary, and a condensed version of lectures for a Postgraduate Year 2 resident physics orientation. To ensure continued commitment to a current and relevant curriculum, subject matter will be updated again in 2 years.

Klein, Eric E. [Washington University, St. Louis, MO (United States)]. E-mail: eklein@radonc.wustl.edu; Gerbi, Bruce J. [University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Price, Robert A. [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Balter, James M. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Paliwal, Bhudatt [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Hughes, Lesley [Saint Joseph Medical Center, Reading, PA (United States); Huang, Eugene [MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Short residence time coal liquefaction process including catalytic hydrogenation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Normally solid dissolved coal product and a distillate liquid product are produced by continuously passing a feed slurry comprising raw feed coal and a recycle solvent oil and/or slurry together with hydrogen to a preheating-reaction zone (26, alone, or 26 together with 42), the hydrogen pressure in the preheating-reaction zone being at least 1500 psig (105 kg/cm.sup.2), reacting the slurry in the preheating-reaction zone (26, or 26 with 42) at a temperature in the range of between about 455.degree. and about 500.degree. C. to dissolve the coal to form normally liquid coal and normally solid dissolved coal. A total slurry residence time is maintained in the reaction zone ranging from a finite value from about 0 to about 0.2 hour, and reaction effluent is continuously and directly contacted with a quenching fluid (40, 68) to substantially immediately reduce the temperature of the reaction effluent to below 425.degree. C. to substantially inhibit polymerization so that the yield of insoluble organic matter comprises less than 9 weight percent of said feed coal on a moisture-free basis. The reaction is performed under conditions of temperature, hydrogen pressure and residence time such that the quantity of distillate liquid boiling within the range C.sub.5 -454.degree. C. is an amount at least equal to that obtainable by performing the process under the same condition except for a longer total slurry residence time, e.g., 0.3 hour. Solvent boiling range liquid is separated from the reaction effluent (83) and recycled as process solvent (16). The amount of solvent boiling range liquid is sufficient to provide at least 80 weight percent of that required to maintain the process in overall solvent balance.

Anderson, Raymond P. (Overland Park, KS); Schmalzer, David K. (Englewood, CO); Wright, Charles H. (Overland Park, KS)

1982-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

105

ASTRO's core physics curriculum for radiation oncology residents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2002, the Radiation Physics Committee of the American Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) appointed an Ad-hoc Committee on Physics Teaching to Medical Residents. The main initiative of the committee was to develop a core curriculum for physics education. Prior publications that have analyzed physics teaching have pointed to wide discrepancies among teaching programs. The committee was composed of physicists or physicians from various residency program based institutions. Simultaneously, members had associations with the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), ASTRO, Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology (ARRO), American Board of Radiology (ABR), and the American College of Radiology (ACR). The latter two organizations' representatives were on the physics examination committees, as one of the main agendas was to provide a feedback loop between the examining organizations and ASTRO. The document resulted in a recommended 54-h course. Some of the subjects were based on American College of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements (particles, hyperthermia), whereas the majority of the subjects along with the appropriated hours per subject were devised and agreed upon by the committee. For each subject there are learning objectives and for each hour there is a detailed outline of material to be covered. Some of the required subjects/h are being taught in most institutions (i.e., Radiation Measurement and Calibration for 4 h), whereas some may be new subjects (4 h of Imaging for Radiation Oncology). The curriculum was completed and approved by the ASTRO Board in late 2003 and is slated for dissemination to the community in 2004. It is our hope that teaching physicists will adopt the recommended curriculum for their classes, and simultaneously that the ABR for its written physics examination and the ACR for its training examination will use the recommended curriculum as the basis for subject matter and depth of understanding. To ensure that the subject matter and emphasis remain current and relevant, the curriculum will be updated every 2 years.

Klein, Eric E. [Washington University, St. Louis, MO (United States)]. E-mail: klein@radonc.wustl.edu; Balter, James M. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Chaney, Edward L. [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Gerbi, Bruce J. [University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Hughes, Lesley [Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Solar photovoltaic systems for residences in the Northeast  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under sponsorship of the US Department of Energy, MIT Lincoln Laboratory is conducting a program to develop residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. The first phase of this activity involves the design, construction and testing of four prototype systems at the Northeast Residential Experiment Station. The systems employ roof-mounted photovoltaic arrays of 500 to 800 square feet which provide solar-generated electricity sufficient to cut in half the electrical demand of an energy-efficient, passive-solar residence. Construction of these systems will be complete by December 1980, and will be followed by a one-year test period.

Russell, M.C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Impacts of Vessel Noise Perturbations on the Resident Sperm Whale Population in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Gulf of Mexico is home to two of the world?s ten busiest ports by cargo volume, the Port of New Orleans and the Port of Houston; and in 2008, these ports hosted a combined 14,000 ships, a number which is likely only to increase. Past research shows that this increase in shipping worldwide has historically lead to an increase in ambient noise level of 3-5dB per decade. Sperm whales in the Gulf of Mexico are considered a genetically distinct, resident population. They have a preference for the Louisiana-Mississippi Shelf region which directly overlaps with the entrance to the Mississippi and the Port of New Orleans. Disruptions from vessel noise could influence feeding and breeding patterns essential to the health of the stock. Data used in this analysis were collected continuously over 36 days in the summer of 2001 from bottom moored Navy Environmental Acoustic Recording System (EARS) buoys. Results showed a significant difference (P<0.05) in noise level between hours with ships passing and hours without. Metrics for 56 ship passages were analyzed to compare duration of ship passage with duration of maximum received level (MRL) during ship passage. Results of that analysis showed an average ship passage of 29 minutes with average MRL lasting 23% of the ship passage and an average increase of 40dB. Lastly, click counts were made with the Pamguard. Click counts for ship passages were completed for 35 min and 17.5 min before and after the estimated closest point of approach (CPA) for each ship. Results showed a 36% decrease in the number of detectable clicks as a ship approaches when comparing clicks detected at intervals of both 35 minutes before and 17 minutes before the CPA; additionally, 22% fewer clicks were counted 30 min after the ship than 30 min before (results significant at the P=0.01 level). These results indicate a potential change in sperm whale behavior when exposed to large class size vessel traffic (e.g. tankers and container ships) from major shipping lanes. Recommendations for addressing this issue are discussed.

Azzara, Alyson

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Residence times and source ages of deep crustal fluids:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here 129 I/I and 36 Cl/Cl ratios, together with halogen concentrations in crustal fluids from the continental deep drill site (KTB-VB) in Germany, where fluids were collected from 4000 m depth during a pump test carried out in 2002 and 2003. Compared with seawater, the fluids are enriched by factors of 2, 8 and 40 for Cl) , Br and I, respectively, and show little variation over the test period. The 129 I/I ratios are between 1700 and 4100 · 10)15; the 36 Cl/Cl ratios are below 10 · 10)15. Co-variation between 129 I and 36 Cl concentrations in the fluids indicates that anthropogenic components are absent and that the ratios reflect an addition from crustal sources. The results suggest residence times of 10 Ma or more for the fluids in formations with uranium concentrations of 1 ppm. A minimum age of 30 Ma for the iodine source was derived from the correlation between 129 I and 36 Cl concentrations in the fluids. The results demonstrate that the halogen characteristics of the KTB fluids are very similar to those of other deep crustal fluids and that the combination of 129 I and 36 Cl systematics allows determination of residence times and source ages of such fluids.

Interpretation Of I; U. Fehn; G. T. Snyder

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Workers ’ Remittances, Resident FCAs and Kerb Premium: A Cointegration Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper employs Johansen’s model selection and maximum likelihood cointegration technique to analyze the relationship among workers ’ remittances, kerb premium and resident FCAs for Pakistan during July 1993 to December 2001. The results suggest that these variables are cointegrated from July 1993 to April 1998. However, the relationship was jolted by the two-tier exchange rate regime, freezing of FCAs and subsequent tightening of foreign exchange regulations following the nuclear tests. In addition, the causal relationship is found to flow (i) from kerb premium to remittances from the Gulf and (ii) from remittances to resident FCAs prior to nuclear tests. After that, the causal relationships reverse for the Gulf and other region. The results also indicate that higher kerb premium has a detrimental effect on remittances. The findings of this paper have implications for the future economic reforms particularly in the area of the monetary, trade, exchange and payments reforms in Pakistan with special emphasis on enhancing remittances from expatriate Pakistanis. Views expressed in this working paper are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the State Bank of Pakistan. Comments and suggestions are welcome by the

Zulfiqar Hyder; Zulfiqar Hyder

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Emergency Medicine in Guyana: Lessons from Developing the Country’s First Degree-conferring Residency Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emergency medicine training program at the University ofterm emergency medicine training programs in low and middle-medicine residency training program. Residency development

Forget, Nicolas Pierre; Rohde, John Paul; Rambaran, Navindranauth; Rambaran, Madan; Wright, Seth Warren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

International Perspective from Saudi Arabia on “Procedural Skills Training During Emergency Medicine Residency: Are We Teaching the Right Things?”  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GA. Surgical residency training program. Are changes needed?of emergency residency training programs in Turkey: after 14various aspect of EM training program was presented.

Qureshi, Nadeem

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

The Morris Worm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems such as the electrical power grid might also exhibitwhen, for instance, electrical power grids are monitored by

Kelty, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Effect of Voltage Pulse Duration on Surface Properties of Micro Arc ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Durations of successive positive and negative voltage pulses in one cycle ... Electrodeposition of Ni-Al-Cr Bond Coat and Its High Temperature Behavior on ...

114

Frequency and duration of low back pain in female hockey players compared to two other populations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??To compare the frequency and duration of low back pain (LBP) in the past 2 years in female hockey players , with two other groups… (more)

Edwards, Fiona

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Can Emergency Medicine Residents Reliably Use the Internet to Answer Clinical Questions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google as a diagnostic aid: internet based study. BMJ. 2006;Engine Watch. Estimated Internet pages. Search Engine WatchResidents Reliably Use the Internet to Answer Clinical

Krause, Richard; Moscati, Ronald; Halpern, Shravanti; Schwartz, Diane G.; Abbas, June

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Sexual Assault Training in Emergency Medicine Residencies: A Survey of Program Directors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and evaluation of a training program for the management offorensic medicine training program for emergency medicinefrom approved EM residency training programs who completed a

Sande, Margaret Kramer; Broderick, Kerry B.; Moreira, MD, Maria E.; Bender, Brooke; Hopkins, Emily; Buchanan, Jennie A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Free-hand thoracic pedicle screws placed by neurosurgery residents: a CT analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a postgraduate training program: implications forneurosurgery residency training programs. This techniqueprogram does not have routine saw-bone or cadaver training

Wang, Vincent Y.; Chin, Cynthia T.; Lu, Daniel C.; Smith, Justin S.; Chou, Dean

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Adaptation of the EPEC-EM™ Curriculum in a Residency with Asynchronous Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for a palliative care curriculum. J Pain Symptom Manage.EM to Residents EM) Curriculum. Chicago, IL: NorthwesternDE, Thomas PA, Howard DM. Curriculum Development for Medical

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Assessment of a Chief Complaint–Based Curriculum for Resident Education in Geriatric Emergency Medicine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L, et al. A geriatrics curriculum for emergency medicineA geriatric chief complaint–based curriculum derived froma practice-based curriculum analysis improved EM resident

Wadman, Michael C; Lyons, William L; Hoffman, Lance H; Muelleman, Robert L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Procedural Skills Training During Emergency Medicine Residency: Are We Teaching the Right Things?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFERENCES Procedural Skills Training Kilian BJ, Binder LS,perceptions of their residency training needs: results of aesearch Procedural Skills Training During Emergency Medicine

Druck, Jeffrey; Valley, Morgan A; Lowenstein, Steven R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Chart Smart: A Need for Documentation and Billing Education Among Emergency Medicine Residents?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adequate training in Emergency Medicine Residency?. AnnConcerns. ACEP News, Emergency Medicine Connect Career andsurvey of hospital emergency department administrators. 10.

Dawson, Brian C; Carter, Kelly; Brewer, Kori; Lawson, Luan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Development of an instrument to assess residents? perceptions of equity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examined equity in the context of the allocation of park and recreation resources within a community. The contributions made by this study include: extending the original taxonomy of equity models proposed by Crompton and Wicks (1988); development of a theoretical framework for their original model; providing a current synthesis of equity based literature; advancing the Equity Implementation Model (Wicks & Crompton, 1989) by developing an instrument capable of measuring residents? perceptions and preferences of park and recreation resource allocation in their community; empirically confirming the legitimacy of alternate dimensions of equity through Structural Equation Modeling; applying information gained from using the instrument to determine the usefulness of selected variables in predicting equity preferences; and comparing data on equity preferences with those of prevailing perceptions to illustrate the utility of the instrument in guiding resource allocation decisions. Five of the original operationalizations of equity were validated (Compensatory, Taxes Paid, Direct Price, Efficiency and Advocacy). An additional operationalization, Professional Judgment, was included and also validated, while one of the original dimensions suggested by Crompton and Wicks, Equal Outcomes, could not be distinctively conceptually differentiated and so was discarded. The operationalizations of Equal Inputs and Equal Opportunity could not be differentiated to reflect distinctively different equity concepts. However, further efforts should be invested in operationalizing these two equity concepts, since they do appear to be conceptually different. Using confirmatory factor analysis, a model consisting of all seven operationalizations (Compensatory, Taxes Paid, Direct Price, Efficiency, Advocacy, Professional Judgment and Equality) was an acceptable fit and all paths were significant at the .05 level, suggesting that the proposed 23-item, seven-dimension scale, P&R-EQUITY, effectively measures seven facets of residents? perceptions of equity in the allocation of park and recreation resources. Two additional operationalizations (Demonstrated Use and Coproduction Opportunities) emerged during the research which suggested that Demonstrated Interest was inadequately operationalized, so future efforts could be focused on operationalizing those three. The scale developed in this study is intended to help officials make appropriate decisions when allocating park and recreation resources.

West, Stephanie Theresa

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Search for Short Duration Bursts of TeV Gamma Rays with the Milagrito Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OG 2.3.07 Search for Short Duration Bursts of TeV Gamma Rays with the Milagrito Telescope Gus for short duration bursts of TeV photons. Such bursts may result from "traditional" gamma-ray bursts to gamma-ray bursts, the final stages of black hole evaporation) the most compelling reason may

California at Santa Cruz, University of

124

MILAGRO CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MILAGRO CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS A. A. Abdo,1 localizations of short, hard gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) by the Swift and HETE satellites have led: bursts -- gamma rays: observations Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) have long been classified by their durations

California at Santa Cruz, University of

125

A GM-Based Profitable Duration Prediction Model for Chinese Crude Oil Main Production District  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a grey model (GM) based profitable duration forecasting approach is proposed for Chinese crude oil main production district. In this methodology, the forecasting functions on electricity expenditure and crude oil sales revenue are first ... Keywords: GM, china, crude oil, forecasting, profitable duration

Jinlou Zhao; Yuzhen Han; Lixia Ke

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A Probabilistic Graphical Approach to Computing Electricity Price Duration Curves under Price and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Probabilistic Graphical Approach to Computing Electricity Price Duration Curves under Price,oren}@ieor.berkeley.edu Abstract-- The electricity price duration curve (EPDC) repre- sents the probability distribution function of the electricity price considered as a random variable. The price uncertainty comes both from the demand side

Oren, Shmuel S.

127

Seven thousand year duration for a geomagnetic excursion constrained Mads Faurschou Knudsen,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seven thousand year duration for a geomagnetic excursion constrained by 230 Thxs Mads Faurschou of geomagnetic excursions may provide important information about the geodynamo. It has proven difficult, however duration for a geomagnetic excursion constrained by 230 Thxs, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L22302, doi:10

Niocaill, Conall Mac

128

Take It NP-Easy: Bounded Model Construction for Duration Calculus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following the recent successes of bounded model-checking, we reconsider the problem of constructing models of discrete-time Duration Calculus formulae. While this problem is known to be nonelementary when arbitrary length models are considered [Han94], ... Keywords: bounded model construction, complexity, discrete-time duration calculus, model construction

Martin Fränzle

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Conservation became a team sport in University of Minnesota residence halls during spring semester 2011,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benefits Conservation became a team sport in University of Minnesota residence halls during spring the Conservation Madness recycling and energy reduction competition. The contest rewarded the residence hall recycling generated. The competition's goal was to encourage students to continue conserving university

Webb, Peter

130

welcome to university residences Boiler Gold Rush Check-In...........................Saturday, August 13 and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

welcome to university residences #12;Boiler Gold Rush Check-In...........................Saturday, August 13 and Sunday, August 14, 2011 Boiler Gold Rush residence hall systems in the United States. weLcomE! 1 #12;Boiler GoLD Rush ParticiPants Your regular

Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

131

Study on structure heat capacity of high-rise residences: (part 2) comparison by insulation methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper follows the paper of Part 1. Here we examined Air-Conditioning loads (hereinafter referred to as AC loads) impact in several deferent cases of insulation methods in interior of super high-rise residences by using the dynamic simulation software ... Keywords: AC load, heat capacity, heat insulation method, high-rise residences, simulation

Yupeng Wang; Hiroatsu Fukuda; Akihiro Mitsumoto; Akihito Ozaki; Yuko Kuma

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

How the Recovery Act and Community Organizing Are Saving the Residents of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How the Recovery Act and Community Organizing Are Saving the How the Recovery Act and Community Organizing Are Saving the Residents of San Mateo County Major Cash How the Recovery Act and Community Organizing Are Saving the Residents of San Mateo County Major Cash May 25, 2011 - 9:44am Addthis Steve, a resident of Hillsborough, learned about his home's energy use by receiving a comprehensive home energy assessment. Johanna Sevier Project Officer, Golden Field Office What does this project do? San Mateo County residents can get up to $4,000 per household County expects to upgrade 750 homes and reduce home energy use by an estimated 35 billion BTU's Home energy upgrade efforts expected to create 150 new jobs Obtaining a home energy upgrade is increasingly affordable in California, thanks to an array of financial incentives and rebates. In fact, residents

133

Low-energy Passive Solar Residence in Austin, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the various studies, it can be concluded that the excessive summer heating and the humidity are one of the major problems of the hot, humid climatic region. The literature review for this study shows that natural ventilation alone cannot meet year long optimum indoor comfort in buildings. This research, through a design exercise, intends to verify whether a naturally ventilated house, in hot humid region of Austin, TX, can enhance its passive cooling potential through double?walled wind catcher and solar chimney. In this research, a passive solar residence has been designed. Two designs have been explored on the chosen site: a basecase design without the wind catcher and solar chimney and another design with wind catcher and solar chimney. In the designcase, the placement of the wind catcher and the solar chimney has been designed so that a thermal siphon of airflow inside the building can be created. The design might show that there will be a natural airflow during the time of the year when natural wind does not flow. Moreover, the double walled wind catcher will resist the cool winter wind due to its shape and orientation. In the design, the placement of the wind catcher and the solar chimney has been done so that a thermal siphon inside the building can be created. Therefore, inside the home, there will be a natural airflow during the time of the year when natural wind does not flow. The double walled wind catcher has been designed and placed according to the orientation of the building in order to achieve the optimum wind flow throughout the year. The solar chimney has been placed in a certain part of the building where it can get maximum solar exposure. By comparing two cases, it can be clearly said that there will some kind of changed indoor comfort level. Since the potential of the design has been judged through perception, a computational fluid dynamics simulation analysis for a year is to be done.

Sau, Arunabha

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Femtosecond X-Ray Free Electron Laser Pulse Duration Measurement from Spectral Correlation Function  

SciTech Connect

We present a novel method for measuring the duration of femtosecond x-ray pulses from self-amplified spontaneous emission free electron lasers by performing statistical analysis in the spectral domain. Analytical expressions of the spectral correlation function were derived in the linear regime to extract both the pulse duration and the spectrometer resolution. Numerical simulations confirmed that the method can be also used in the nonlinear regime. The method was demonstrated experimentally at the Linac Coherent Light Source by measuring pulse durations down to 13 fs FWHM.

Lutman, A. A

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

135

Comparison of Pyranometric and Pyrheliometric Methods for the Determination of Sunshine Duration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two pyranometric methods for the determination of sunshine duration (SD) from global irradiance measurements are evaluated by means of summated sunshine seconds derived from pyrheliometric measurements in combination with the WMO threshold of 120 ...

Yvonne B. L. Hinssen; Wouter H. Knap

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A Probabilistic Graphical Approach to Computing Electricity Price Duration Curves under Price and Quantity Competition.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electricity price duration curve (EPDC) represents the probability distribution function of the electricity price considered as a random variable. The price uncertainty comes both from the demand side and the supply side, since the load varies continuously, ...

Pascal Michaillat; Shmuel Oren

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Future Projections of Landfast Ice Thickness and Duration in the Canadian Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projections of future landfast ice thickness and duration were generated for nine sites in the Canadian Arctic and one site on the Labrador coast with a simple downscaling technique that used a one-dimensional sea ice model driven by ...

J. A. Dumas; G. M. Flato; R. D. Brown

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Practical Approach to Flux Measurements of Long Duration in the Marine Atmospheric Surface Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The practical limitations imposed by the marine environment on the principal flux-measurement methods for experiments requiring more than a few days’ duration are examined. Reservations are presented as to the suitability of the bulk method as a ...

Theodore V. Blanc

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Variation in United States Cloudiness and Sunshine Duration between 1950 and the Drought Year of 1988  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variations in United States cloudiness (percent of sky covered by clouds, as estimated subjectively by observers at 100 National Weather Service stations) and sunshine duration (percent of possible sunshine, as estimated objectively by ...

J. K. Angell

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

American College of Radiology In-Training Examination for Residents in Radiation Oncology (2004-2007)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To review the results of the recent American College of Radiology (ACR) in-training examinations in radiation oncology and to provide information regarding the examination changes in recent years. Methods and Materials: A retrospective review of the 2004 to 2007 ACR in-training examination was undertaken. Results: The number of residents taking the in-training examination increased from 2004 to 2007, compatible with the increase in the number of radiation oncology residents in the United States and Canada. The number of questions decreased from approximately 510 in 2004 and 2005, to 405 in 2006 and 360 in 2007, most of these changes were in the clinical oncology section. Although the in-training examination showed construct validity with resident performance improving with each year of additional clinical oncology training, it did so only until Level 3 for biology and physics. Several changes have been made to the examination process, including allowing residents to keep the examination booklet for self-study, posting of the answer key and rationales to questions on the ACR Website, and providing hard copies to residency training directors. In addition, all questions are now A type or multiple choice questions with one best answer, similar to the American Board of Radiology written examination for radiation oncology. Conclusion: Several efforts by the ACR have been made in recent years to make the examination an educational tool for radiation oncology residents and residency directors.

Paulino, Arnold C. [Department of Radiology, Division of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine and Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX (United States)], E-mail: apaulino@tmhs.org; Kurtz, Elizabeth [Educational Services Division, American College of Radiology, Reston, VA (United States)

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Results of the 2004 Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology (ARRO) Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The aim of this study was to document adequacy of training, career plans after residency, use of the in-service examination, and motivation for choice of radiation oncology as a specialty. Methods and Materials: In 2004, the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology (ARRO) conducted a nationwide survey of all radiation oncology residents in the United States. Results: The survey was returned by 297 residents (response rate, 54%). Of the respondents, 29% were female and 71% male. The most popular career choice was joining an established private practice (38%), followed by a permanent academic career (29%). Residents for whom a permanent academic career was not their first choice were asked whether improvements in certain areas would have led them to be more likely to pursue an academic career. The most commonly chosen factors that would have had a strong or moderate influence included higher salary (81%), choice of geographic location (76%), faculty encouragement (68%), and less time commitment (68%). Of respondents in the first 3 years of training, 78% believed that they had received adequate training to proceed to the next level of training. Of those in their fourth year of training, 75% believed that they had received adequate training to enter practice. Conclusions: Multiple factors affect the educational environment of physicians in training. Data describing concerns unique to resident physicians in radiation oncology are limited. The current survey was designed to explore a variety of issues confronting radiation oncology residents. Training programs and the Residency Review Committee should consider these results when developing new policies to improve the educational experiences of residents in radiation oncology.

Patel, Shilpen [University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD (United States)]. E-mail: spatel@umm.edu; Jagsi, Reshma [Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Wilson, John [University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Frank, Steven [University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Thakkar, Vipul V. [Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Hansen, Eric K. [University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (United States)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Factors influencing the microwave pulse duration in a klystron-like relativistic backward wave oscillator  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we analyze the factors that affect the microwave pulse duration in a klystron-like relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO), including the diode voltage, the guiding magnetic field, the electron beam collector, the extraction cavity, and the gap between the electron beam and the slow wave structure (SWS). The results show that the microwave pulse duration increases with the diode voltage until breakdown occurs on the surface of the extraction cavity. The pulse duration at low guiding magnetic field is generally 5-10 ns smaller than that at high magnetic field due to the asymmetric electron emission and the larger energy spread of the electron beam. The electron beam collector can affect the microwave pulse duration significantly because of the anode plasma generated by bombardment of the electron beam on the collector surface. The introduction of the extraction cavity only slightly changes the pulse duration. The decrease of the gap between the electron beam and the SWS can increase the microwave pulse duration greatly.

Xiao Renzhen; Zhang Xiaowei; Zhang Ligang; Li Xiaoze; Zhang Lijun [National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on High Power Microwave, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Toward tsunami early warning system in Indonesia by using rapid rupture durations estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Indonesia has Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (Ina-TEWS) since 2008. The Ina-TEWS has used automatic processing on hypocenter; Mwp, Mw (mB) and Mj. If earthquake occurred in Ocean, depth 7, then Ina-TEWS announce early warning that the earthquake can generate tsunami. However, the announcement of the Ina-TEWS is still not accuracy. Purposes of this research are to estimate earthquake rupture duration of large Indonesia earthquakes that occurred in Indian Ocean, Java, Timor sea, Banda sea, Arafura sea and Pasific ocean. We analyzed at least 330 vertical seismogram recorded by IRIS-DMC network using a direct procedure for rapid assessment of earthquake tsunami potential using simple measures on P-wave vertical seismograms on the velocity records, and the likelihood that the high-frequency, apparent rupture duration, T{sub dur}. T{sub dur} can be related to the critical parameters rupture length (L), depth (z), and shear modulus ({mu}) while T{sub dur} may be related to wide (W), slip (D), z or {mu}. Our analysis shows that the rupture duration has a stronger influence to generate tsunami than Mw and depth. The rupture duration gives more information on tsunami impact, Mo/{mu}, depth and size than Mw and other currently used discriminants. We show more information which known from the rupture durations. The longer rupture duration, the shallower source of the earthquake. For rupture duration greater than 50 s, the depth less than 50 km, Mw greater than 7, the longer rupture length, because T{sub dur} is proportional L and greater Mo/{mu}. Because Mo/{mu} is proportional L. So, with rupture duration information can be known information of the four parameters. We also suggest that tsunami potential is not directly related to the faulting type of source and for events that have rupture duration greater than 50 s, the earthquakes generated tsunami. With available real-time seismogram data, rapid calculation, rupture duration discriminant can be completed within 4-5 min after an earthquake occurs and thus can aid in effective, accuracy and reliable tsunami early warning for Indonesia region.

Madlazim [Physics Department, Faculty Mathematics and Sciences of Surabaya State University (UNESA) Jl. Ketintang, Surabaya 60231 (Indonesia)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

144

Frank Nixon Residence Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frank Nixon Residence Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Frank Nixon Residence Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Frank Nixon Residence Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Frank Nixon Residence Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Saratoga, Wyoming Coordinates 41.4549621°, -106.8064263° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

145

Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money and Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money and Energy Cha-Ching! How One Missouri Town is Helping Residents Save Money and Energy April 20, 2011 - 9:52am Addthis Workers demonstrate the nitrogen tank used to inflate tires in St. Peters, MO. | Courtesy of the City of St. Peters Workers demonstrate the nitrogen tank used to inflate tires in St. Peters, MO. | Courtesy of the City of St. Peters April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Residents of St. Peters, Missouri are seeing several improvements in their community thanks to a $512,800 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG). The grant, which is funded by the Recovery Act, has allowed the town to implement three energy efficiency programs that will save

146

Front/back/side : design of outdoor spaces for multi-family residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis begins with the critique of the current situation of detached, privately owned, multi-family residences and seeks alternative solutions at both the broad scale of the block, and at the scale of the spaces ...

Darden, Gwynne

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Storm Surge and “Certain Death”: Interviews with Texas Coastal Residents following Hurricane Ike  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricane Ike made landfall near Galveston, Texas, on 13 September 2008 as a large category 2 storm that generated significant storm surge and flooding. This article presents findings from an empirical case study of Texas coastal residents’ ...

Rebecca E. Morss; Mary H. Hayden

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Adaptation of the EPEC-EM™ Curriculum in a Residency with Asynchronous Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Emergency Medicine (RRC-EM) have recommendations for thefor EM. As defined in the RRC-EM guidelines, “emergencyEM to Residents Gisondi et al. RRC-EM requirements. Also, we

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Search for relationship between duration of the extended solar cycles and amplitude of sunspot cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duration of the extended solar cycles is taken into the consideration. The beginning of cycles is counted from the moment of polarity reversal of large-scale magnetic field in high latitudes, occurring in the sunspot cycle n till the minimum of the cycle n+2. The connection between cycle duration and its amplitude is established. Duration of the "latent" period of evolution of extended cycle between reversals and a minimum of the current sunspot cycle is entered. It is shown, that the latent period of cycles evolution is connected with the next sunspot cycle amplitude and can be used for the prognosis of a level and time of a sunspot maximum. The 24-th activity cycle prognosis is done. Long-term behavior of extended cycle's lengths is considered.

Tlatov, A G

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Search for relationship between duration of the extended solar cycles and amplitude of sunspot cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duration of the extended solar cycles is taken into the consideration. The beginning of cycles is counted from the moment of polarity reversal of large-scale magnetic field in high latitudes, occurring in the sunspot cycle n till the minimum of the cycle n+2. The connection between cycle duration and its amplitude is established. Duration of the "latent" period of evolution of extended cycle between reversals and a minimum of the current sunspot cycle is entered. It is shown, that the latent period of cycles evolution is connected with the next sunspot cycle amplitude and can be used for the prognosis of a level and time of a sunspot maximum. The 24-th activity cycle prognosis is done. Long-term behavior of extended cycle's lengths is considered.

A. G. Tlatov

2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

151

Method and apparatus for producing durationally short ultraviolet or X-ray laser pulses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus is disclosed for producing ultraviolet or X-ray laser pulses of short duration (32). An ultraviolet or X-ray laser pulse of long duration (12) is progressively refracted, across the surface of an opaque barrier (28), by a streaming plasma (22) that is produced by illuminating a solid target (16, 18) with a pulse of conventional line focused high power laser radiation (20). The short pulse of ultraviolet or X-ray laser radiation (32), which may be amplified to high power (40, 42), is separated out by passage through a slit aperture (30) in the opaque barrier (28).

MacGowan, Brian J. (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis L. (El Granada, CA); Trebes, James E. (Livermore, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

The gated community: residents' crime experience and perception of safety behind gates and fences in the urban area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary purpose of the study is to explore the connections between residents' perception of safety and their crime experience, and the existence of gates and fences in multi-family housing communities in urban areas. For cultivating discussions regarding the connections between gated community territory, safety, and crime experience, this study classifies apartment communities according to the conditions of their gating and fencing: gated communities, perceived gated communities, and non-gated communities. It investigates residents' perceptions of safety and their opinions and managers' opinions on gated territory and safety. The major findings from the surveys are: Residents felt safer in gated communities than in non-gated communities. Residents' perceptions of safety in perceived gated communities were similar to those in gated communities. These results reflected the territoriality issue for improving residents' perceived safety in apartment communities. Residents' perceptions of safety in architectural spaces showed that residents' fear of crime in public and semi-public spaces must first be addressed in order to ease residents' fear of crime in an apartment territory. The reality of crime in apartment communities differed from residents' perceptions of safety. Gated community residents reported a higher crime rate than nongated community residents. In addition to gates and fences that define apartment territory, such elements as patrol services, bright lighting, direct emergency buttons, and visual access to the local police were indicated as the important factors for improving residents' perceived safety. Some architectural factors and demographic factors exhibited statistical correlations with residents' perceptions of safety. Those were types of communities, dwelling floor level, educational attainment, family size, and annual income. For predicting residents' perceptions of safety in their apartment territory, multiple regression models were obtained and residents' neighborhood attachment was also considered in the multiple regression models. The apartment community managers emphasized direct maintenance issues and residents' social contact with neighbors for improving residents' perceived safety. In conclusion, design and managerial suggestions for safer communities were proposed. For creating safer multi-family housing communities, territoriality and related architectural conditions and managerial considerations and residents' participations are emphasized. The concept of community programming for safer multi-family housing communities is suggested.

Kim, Suk Kyung

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Investigation of the effects of long-duration exposure on active optical system components (S0050)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of long duration space exposure on the relevant performance parameters of lasers, radiation detectors, and selected optical components, was determined. The results and implications of the measurements indicating real or suspected degradation mechanisms were evaluated and guidelines, based on these results, for selection and use of components for space electro-optical systems are established.

Blue, M.D.; Gallagher, J.J.; Shackelford, R.G.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Implementing enterprise resource planning systems: organizational performance and the duration of the implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the impact of the duration of ERP implementation on firm performance both during and after implementation. Organizations choose either an accelerated implementation approach or a traditional (longer) implementation approach. The former ... Keywords: Enterprise resource planning, Firm performance, IT implementation

Mark Anderson; Rajiv D. Banker; Nirup M. Menon; Jorge A. Romero

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Underwater temporary threshold shift in pinnipeds: Effects of noise level and duration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater temporary threshold shift in pinnipeds: Effects of noise level and duration David Kastak psychophysical techniques were used to evaluate the residual effects of underwater noise on the hearing , amplified Realis- tic MPA-20 , and projected from one of two underwater transducers NUWC J-9 or Lubell

Reichmuth, Colleen

156

A stochastic index flow model of flow duration curves Attilio Castellarin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004; published 10 March 2004. [1] Annual flow duration curves (AFDCs) are used increasingly because for the median AFDC, they enable one to assign return periods to individual AFDCs, and they offer opportunities for developing a generalized stochastic model of daily streamflow. Previous stochastic models of FDCs and AFDCs

Vogel, Richard M.

157

Role of the Indo-Pacific Interbasin Coupling in Predicting Asymmetric ENSO Transition and Duration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Warm and cold phases of El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) exhibit a significant asymmetry in their transition/duration such that El Niño tends to shift rapidly to La Niña after the mature phase, whereas La Niña tends to persist for up to 2 yr. ...

Masamichi Ohba; Masahiro Watanabe

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Duration distributions for different softness groups of gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are divided into two classes according to their durations. We investigate if the softness of bursts plays a role in the conventional classification of the objects. We employ the BATSE (Burst and Transient Source Experiment) catalog and analyze the duration distributions of different groups of GRBs associated with distinct softness. Our analysis reveals that the conventional classification of GRBs with the duration of bursts is influenced by the softness of the objects. There exits a bimodality in the duration distribution of GRBs for each group of bursts and the time position of the dip in the bimodality histogram shifts with the softness parameter. Our findings suggest that the conventional classification scheme should be modified by separating the two well-known populations in different softness groups, which would be more reasonable than doing so with a single sample. According to the relation between the dip position and the softness parameter, we get an empirical function that can roughly set apart the short-hard and long-soft bursts: $SP = (0.100 \\pm 0.028) T_{90}^{-(0.85 \\pm 0.18)}$, where $SP$ is the softness parameter adopted in this paper.

Y. -P. Qin; A. C. Gupta; J. H. Fan; C. -Y. Su; R. -J. Lu

2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

159

Nanocrystalline non-stoichiometric SBT: Effect of milling duration on structural and electrical characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work, nanocrystalline specimens of non-stoichiometric Strontium Bismuth Tantalate (SBT) ferroelectric ceramics were synthesized by mechanical activation process using a high energy planetary ball mill. The powders were milled for different milling durations (5, 10, 20 h) keeping the milling speed fixed at 300 rpm. Microstructural characterizations have been performed using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, electron diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Nanocrystallites with average grain size in the range of 30-50 nm are observed to be formed. Grain size is observed to decrease with increasing milling duration. Detailed dielectric study as a function of temperature has been carried out. It is observed that dielectric constant increases and dielectric loss decreases with increasing milling duration. The observed characteristics have been explained in terms of increased number of grain boundaries due to the reduction of granular size. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In the present work nano crystalline non-stoichiometric SBT has been synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The technique involved is mechanical activation (high energy ball milling). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The milling duration has been optimized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sr0.8Bi2.2Ta2O9 milled for 20 hours exhibit enhanced electrical characteristics.

Sugandha, E-mail: miglani.sugandha@gmail.com [Thin Film and Material Science Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University (Formerly Delhi College of Engineering), Delhi-110042 (India); Jha, A.K., E-mail: Prof.akjha@gmail.com [Thin Film and Material Science Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University (Formerly Delhi College of Engineering), Delhi-110042 (India); Department of Applied Sciences, Ambedkar Institute of Technology, GGSIPU, Geeta Colony, Delhi-110092 (India)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Solar Radiation Changes in the United States during the Twentieth Century: Evidence from Sunshine Duration Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in sunshine duration (SS) measured in the conterminous United States during the past century were used as a proxy to explore changes in shortwave forcing at the earth’s surface when and where accurate measurements of global irradiance (Eg)...

Gerald Stanhill; Shabtai Cohen

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Colville Resident Trout Hatchery Project Supplement Analysis (DOE/EA-0307-SA-01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2003 2, 2003 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Colville Resident Trout Hatchery Project Supplement Analysis (DOE/EA-0307-SA-01) TO: Greg Baesler Project Manager - KEWU-4 Proposed Action: Colville Resident Trout Hatchery Project-Modifications to original proposal Project No.: 1985-038-00 Location: Colville Indian Reservation, Okanogan County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Introduction: The Bonneville Power Administration prepared an Environmental Assessment (DOE/EA-0307) for the Colville Resident Hatchery Project (Project) and published a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) in the Federal Register on September 8, 1986 (Vol. 51, No.173). The Project involved the design, site selection, construction, operation and maintenance of a

162

Turbines Off NYC East River Will Provide Power to 9,500 Residents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turbines Off NYC East River Will Provide Power to 9,500 Residents Turbines Off NYC East River Will Provide Power to 9,500 Residents Turbines Off NYC East River Will Provide Power to 9,500 Residents February 6, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis Free Flow System turbine being installed in East River, New York, NY (Dec 2006). | Image Credit: Kris Unger/Verdant Power, Inc. Free Flow System turbine being installed in East River, New York, NY (Dec 2006). | Image Credit: Kris Unger/Verdant Power, Inc. Hoyt Battey Water Power Market Acceleration and Deployment Team Lead, Wind and Water Power Program What does this project do? The 30 turbines will generate 1,050 kilowatts of electricity -- this power will be delivered to 9,500 New York homes. As part of the Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy project, 30 turbines are being installed along the strait that connects the Long Island Sound with the

163

Community-Minded Interns at Savannah River Site Help Area Residents in Need  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Community-Minded Interns at Savannah River Site Help Area Residents Community-Minded Interns at Savannah River Site Help Area Residents in Need with Home Repairs Community-Minded Interns at Savannah River Site Help Area Residents in Need with Home Repairs August 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis James Cunningham, right, nails a board to the framework for a deck project in Jackson. Ashley Flowers, Savannah River Remediation project controls intern, assists by holding the board in place. James Cunningham, right, nails a board to the framework for a deck project in Jackson. Ashley Flowers, Savannah River Remediation project controls intern, assists by holding the board in place. AIKEN, S.C. - More than two dozen college interns who worked at the Savannah River Site (SRS) this summer joined other volunteers and headed into area neighborhoods to help people in need with home repairs.

164

Community-Minded Interns at Savannah River Site Help Area Residents in Need  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Community-Minded Interns at Savannah River Site Help Area Residents Community-Minded Interns at Savannah River Site Help Area Residents in Need with Home Repairs Community-Minded Interns at Savannah River Site Help Area Residents in Need with Home Repairs August 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis James Cunningham, right, nails a board to the framework for a deck project in Jackson. Ashley Flowers, Savannah River Remediation project controls intern, assists by holding the board in place. James Cunningham, right, nails a board to the framework for a deck project in Jackson. Ashley Flowers, Savannah River Remediation project controls intern, assists by holding the board in place. AIKEN, S.C. - More than two dozen college interns who worked at the Savannah River Site (SRS) this summer joined other volunteers and headed into area neighborhoods to help people in need with home repairs.

165

Energy-Dependent $\\gamma$-Ray Burst Peak Durations and Blast-Wave Deceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temporal analyses of the prompt gamma-ray and X-ray light curves of gamma-ray bursts reveal a tendency for the burst pulse time scales to increase with decreasing energy. For an ensemble of BATSE bursts, Fenimore et al. (1995) show that the energy dependence of burst peak durations can be represented by dependence has led to the suggestion that this effect is due to radiative processes, most notably synchrotron cooling of the non-thermal particles which produce the radiation. Here we show that a similar power-law dependence occurs, under certain assumptions, in the context of the blast-wave model and is a consequence of the deceleration of the blast-wave. This effect will obtain whether or not synchrotron cooling is important, but different degrees of cooling will cause variations in the energy dependence of the peak durations.

Chiang, J

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Wind Turbine Generator System Duration Test Report for the Mariah Power Windspire Wind Turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This test was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. In total, five turbines are being tested at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) as a part of the first round of this project. Duration testing is one of up to five tests that may be performed on the turbines. Other tests include power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality tests. NWTC testing results provide manufacturers with reports that may be used to meet part of small wind turbine certification requirements. This duration test report focuses on the Mariah Power Windspire wind turbine.

Huskey, A.; Bowen, A.; Jager, D.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Residence Time Distribution Measurement and Analysis of Pilot-Scale Pretreatment Reactors for Biofuels Production: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Measurement and analysis of residence time distribution (RTD) data is the focus of this study where data collection methods were developed specifically for the pretreatment reactor environment. Augmented physical sampling and automated online detection methods were developed and applied. Both the measurement techniques themselves and the produced RTD data are presented and discussed.

Sievers, D.; Kuhn, E.; Tucker, M.; Stickel, J.; Wolfrum, E.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

A toolkit for groundwater mean residence time interpretation with gaseous tracers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytical Excel-based toolkit called Gas-Tracer-Interpretation (GTI) was developed for determining mean residence time (MRT) of groundwater samples and for validating conceptual model assumptions. This novel data interpretation toolkit improves data ... Keywords: Environmental tracer, Environmental tracers concentrations in water, Groundwater dating, Lumped-parameter modeling, Water age

Pablo Fernando Dávila, Christoph Külls, Markus Weiler

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Residence Time and Heat Transfer When Water Droplets Hit a Scalding Ji Yong Park*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Residence Time and Heat Transfer When Water Droplets Hit a Scalding Surface Ji Yong Park* , Chang a series of water droplets impact a smooth surface whose temperature exceeds the boiling point. The volume of the individual water droplets is 10 nL, the time between droplets is 0.3 ms, and the number of water droplets

Cahill, David G.

170

Shelter Seeking Plans of Tuscaloosa Residents for a Future Tornado Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The enhanced Fujita scale category 4 (EF4) Tuscaloosa, Alabama, tornado on 27 April 2011 produced 64 fatalities along its 130-km track. Hybrid survey/interviews were conducted with a sample of 211 Tuscaloosa-area residents to determine how the 27 ...

Jason C. Senkbeil; Meganne S. Rockman; John B. Mason

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

MILP approach in analysis of low energy building elements influence on energy savings in residences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) is used for optimization of global energy system of two-family residence, located in Kragujevac, Serbia and energy, equipment and building element prices valid at Serbian and German market in year 2000. The mathematical ... Keywords: LCC, MILP, energy savings, optimization, present value

Katarina K. Pantovic

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Going Green? Urban vs. Rural Residency and Pro-Environmental Attitudes in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the fastest growing economy in the world, China questions the viability of their economically oriented country under increasing international pressures to strengthen environmental regulations. Understanding public policy support for environmental and economic policies requires factoring place attachment with public opinion. This research theorizes that rural residents, because of their weaker local economy, dependence on extracting natural resources, and distance from heavy pollution, will favor economic development at the expense of environmental protection. Conversely, urban residents who benefit from a stronger economy, desire more trees and parks, and have direct contact with heavy pollution and smog, will prefer an increase in environmental regulation. This study investigates the World Values Surveys (WVS), The China Survey, and other social value surveys conducted in China from 1995 to 2008, and tests urban and rural residents’ opinions toward the environment versus the economy. For the 2000 WVS a better measurement for urban and rural residency was created using hukou (household registration), size of town, and 2000 national census data. In support of the iv hypothesis, 2008 results show city dwellers promoting environmentalism with an equalbut- opposite rural population promoting economic development. Examining trends from 1995 to 2008 reveal two observations: first, that environmentalism is promoted consistently in all samples for urbanites; second, that trends suggest a future overtake of preference for economic development among urban and rural respondents. Such movements in attitudes could affect the direction and future of the Chinese Communist Party’s economic and environmental policy reform.

Chiu, Samantha

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Effects of Pulse Duration on Bulk Laser Damage in 350-nm Raster-Scanned DKDP  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present the results of bulk damage experiments done on Type-I1 DKDP triple harmonic generator crystals that were raster conditioned with 351-355 nm wavelengths and pulse durations of 4 and 23.2 ns. In the first phase of experiments 20 different scan protocols were rastered into a sample of rapid growth DKDP. The sample was then rastered at damage-causing fluences to determine the three most effective protocols. These three protocols were scanned into a 15-cm sample of conventional-growth DKDP and then exposed to single shots of a I-cm beam from LLNL's Optical Sciences Laser at fluences ranging from 0.5 - 1.5X of the 10% damage probability fluence and nominal pulse durations of 0.1,0.3,0.8,3.2,7.0 and 20 ns. The experiment showed that pulse durations in the 1-3 ns range were much more effective at conditioning than pulses in the 16.3 ns range and that the multiple pass 'peak fluence' scan was more effective than the single pass 'leading edge' scan for 23.2 ns XeF scans.

Runkel, M; Bruere, J; Sell, W; Weiland, T; Milam, D; Hahn, D E; Nostrand, M C

2002-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Investigation of colonias residents' potential for self-help housing construction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The colonias of the Lower Rio Grande Valley are rural, unincorporated subdivisions where infrastructure exists in an embryonic stage. Although many of the houses in these communities are of substandard quality, the communities provide a unique environment where self-help home building flourishes. The residents of colonias comprise a homogeneous population, predominately unskilled, Mexican-American immigrants who earn minimum wage and command little or no English language ability. Most colonias residents cannot afford housing alternatives available within the city limits, hence, the find the colonias their only alternative. This study looked at the existing conditions in the colonias and evaluated the level of potential that colonias households possessed for self-help construction. The guiding hypothesis was that colonias resident groups possess different levels of self-help housing potential. Reconnaissance pointed to types of employment as an appropriate method of grouping residents. Through the methodology of triangulation, often employed in the social sciences, the issues were probed repeatedly from multiple vantage points. The primary data was derived from a survey of key informants (social professionals working in the colonias communities) and case studies of colonias residents. Secondary data was derived from a review of germane self-help studies, particularly those from the Third World, and from studies conducted in the colonias of South Texas. After comparing data, the consistent patterns which emerged were relied upon as outcomes. The conclusions of this investigation describe the impetuses for choosing a colonia location and self-help construction, the deployment of resources in the construction effort, the builders' impressions of the self-help process, and the quality of the housing product produced through the self-help process. Once the requisite skills for self-help construction were defined, and the residents' construction potential was assessed, it was possible to suggest recommendations for methods of providing assistance. Because the findings showed that colonias residents could not be grouped according to employment, that the original hypothesis needed revision. It was found that no abilities were requisite to self-help construction; there were only those variables which facilitate or hinder the self-help construction process.

Roach, Katherine Anne

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A NEW POPULATION OF HIGH-REDSHIFT SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS E. Berger,1,2,3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NEW POPULATION OF HIGH-REDSHIFT SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS E. Berger,1,2,3 D. B. Fox,4 P. A The redshift distribution of the short-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is a crucial, but currently fragmentary rays: bursts Online material: color figures 1. INTRODUCTION The redshift distribution of the short

Sheppard, Scott S.

176

A novel statistical time-series pattern based interval forecasting strategy for activity durations in workflow systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasting workflow activity durations is of great importance to support satisfactory QoS in workflow systems. Traditionally, a workflow system is often designed to facilitate the process automation in a specific application domain where activities ... Keywords: Activity duration, Interval forecasting, Statistical time series, Time-series patterns, Workflow system

Xiao Liu; Zhiwei Ni; Dong Yuan; Yuanchun Jiang; Zhangjun Wu; Jinjun Chen; Yun Yang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Coal liquefaction process streams characterization and evaluation: The preliminary evaluation of the kinetics of coal liquefaction distillation resid conversion  

SciTech Connect

This study evaluated the use of a novel laboratory-scale batch reactor, designed by the University of Delaware, to study the kinetics of coal liquefaction resid reactivity. The short time batch reactor (STBR) is capable of conducting reactions at temperatures up to 450{degrees}C and pressures up to 2500 psi at well-defined reaction times from a few seconds to 30 min or longer. Sixty experiments were conducted with the STBR in this project. The products of the resid/tetralin/hydrogen reaction were separated by solubility, and several analytical procedures were used to evaluate the reaction products, including thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Changes were monitored in the boiling ranges of the products, as a function of process conditions (time, temperature, and tetralin donor solvent-to-resid ratio), with and without catalysts. Two distillation resid samples were studied; Sample 1 is the resid of the second stage product stream from Wilsonville Run 259 which used Pittsburgh seam coal (Ireland mine) bituminous coal, and Sample 2 is the resid of the same streak from Wilsonville Run 260 which used Wyodak and Anderson (Black Thunder Mine) subbituminous coal. It was determined that the resid reactivity was different for the two samples studied. The results demonstrate that further development of this experimental method is warranted to empirically assess resid reactivity and to provide data for use in the construction of an empirical model of coal conversion in the direct liquefaction process.

Klein, M.T.; Calkins, W.H.; Huang, He [Delaware Univ., Newark, DE (United States). Center for Catalytic Science and Technology

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Medical Resident FICA Refund Claim Information The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently announced that it will refund the employer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medical Resident FICA Refund Claim Information The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently announced that it will refund the employer and employee portion of FICA taxes paid for medical residents of all of our medical schools and medical centers for tax periods dating back to January 1, 1995. FICA

Russell, Lynn

179

Petition to Waive Senior Residence Unit Limitation College of Biological Sciences Dean's Office, 202 Life Sciences (530) 752-0410  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rev. 11/11 Petition to Waive Senior Residence Unit Limitation College of Biological Sciences Dean 45 quarter units completed by each candidate must be earned while in residence on the Davis campus Each summer session in which a student completes a course of at least 2 quarter units may be counted

Hammock, Bruce D.

180

Research on Regional Differences of Urban Resident Consumption Structure in China Based on Fuzzy Matter Element Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Study of residents’ consumption structure plays an important role in macroeconomic policy formulation. Based on per capita annual consumption expenditure of urban households, the fuzzy matter element model is used to evaluate urban resident consumption ... Keywords: comsumption structure, fuzzy matter-element, Euclid approach degree, government consumption expenditure

Hong Li; Bo Zhou

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Cloud amount and sunshine duration in the People`s Republic of China, 1954--1988  

SciTech Connect

A part of the world with extensive records of cloudiness is the People`s Republic of China (PRC). These data, along with records of other meteorological observations, have recently been made available through a joint research agreement established between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the PRC Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) for the purpose of studying possible global warming due to an enhanced greenhouse effect. This paper examines the variation of PRC cloudiness, along with that of sunshine duration (a useful measure of cloudiness), over the 35-year period 1954--1988.

Kaiser, D.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

IMPACT OF THE DURATION OF BACTERIAL EXPOSURE ON ZEBRA MUSSEL MORTALITY  

SciTech Connect

These tests indicated that: (1) duration of exposure to bacterial strain CL0145A of Pseudomonas fluorescens is a key variable in obtaining zebra mussel mortality; (2) that given a choice of exposure periods up to 96 hr, the longer the exposure period, the higher the mean mortality that will be achieved; (3) that the first few hours that the mussels are exposed to the bacteria are the most important in achieving kill; (4) that the mortality achieved by exposure periods {>=}72 hr may be somewhat amplified by the degraded water quality conditions which can develop in recirculating water systems over such extended time periods.

Daniel P. Molloy

2002-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

183

Alternative wind power modeling methods using chronological and load duration curve production cost models  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As an intermittent resource, capturing the temporal variation in windpower is an important issue in the context of utility production cost modeling. Many of the production cost models use a method that creates a cumulative probability distribution that is outside the time domain. The purpose of this report is to examine two production cost models that represent the two major model types: chronological and load duration cure models. This report is part of the ongoing research undertaken by the Wind Technology Division of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in utility modeling and wind system integration.

Milligan, M R

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Fluctuations and the role of collision duration in reaction-diffusion systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a reaction-diffusion system, fluctuations in both diffusion and reaction events, have important effects on the steady-state statistics of the system. Here, we argue through extensive lattice simulations, mean-field type arguments, and the Doi-Peliti formalism that the collision duration statistics -- i.e., the time two particles stay together in a lattice site -- plays a leading role in determining the steady state of the system. We obtain approximate expressions for the average densities of the chemical species and for the critical diffusion coefficient required to sustain the reaction.

Fernando Peruani; Chiu Fan Lee

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

185

A Method to Search for Local Sources of Short Duration Bursts of Superhigh Energy Gamma Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method of a search for local sources of superhigh energy gamma rays is described in the paper.It is shown that the method is more effective then the usually used method extracting excess from total intensity if gamma ray burst durations are short.Using the suggested method,the information detected with the Baksan installation ``Carpet'' during 1992-1996 years was analyzed.An excess of event numbers was found at the confidence level of 6.5$\\sigma$ in the direction to Mrk 501.

E. N. Alexeyev; D. D. Djappuev; A. U. Kudjaev; S. Kh. Ozrokov

2000-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

186

What We Talked About with the White House "Entrepreneur-in-Residence" |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

We Talked About with the White House We Talked About with the White House "Entrepreneur-in-Residence" What We Talked About with the White House "Entrepreneur-in-Residence" April 20, 2012 - 1:42pm Addthis Want more information on Apps for Energy? Signup at http://appsforenergy.challenge.gov. | Image by Hantz Leger. Want more information on Apps for Energy? Signup at http://appsforenergy.challenge.gov. | Image by Hantz Leger. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Apps for Energy helps spur innovation and out-of-the-box thinking. Green Button's open data standards give developers the opportunity to impact the way millions use their utility data. Insights from developers and the general public play a key role in

187

Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Single-Family Residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of the recommendations for achieving 15% above-code energy performance for single-family residences. The analysis was performed using a simulation model of an International Energy Conservation Code (IECC)- compliant, single family residence in Houston, Texas. To accomplish the 15% annual energy use reductions, twelve measures were considered, which include: tankless water heater, solar domestic hot water system, gas water heater without the standing pilot light, ducts in the conditioned space, improved duct sealing, increased air tightness, window shading and redistribution, improved window performance, improved heating and cooling system efficiency. After the total annual energy use was determined for each measure, they were then grouped to accomplish a 15% total annual energy use reduction.

Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Liu, J. B.; Yazdani, B.; Malhotra, M.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Chaotic itinerancy and power-law residence time distribution in stochastic dynamical system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To study a chaotic itinerant motion among varieties of ordered states, we propose a stochastic model based on the mechanism of chaotic itinerancy. The model consists of a random walk on a half-line, and a Markov chain with a transition probability matrix. To investigate the stability of attractor ruins in the model, we analyze the residence time distribution of orbits at attractor ruins. We show that the residence time distribution averaged by all attractor ruins is given by the superposition of (truncated) power-law distributions, if a basin of attraction for each attractor ruin has zero measure. To make sure of this result, we carry out a computer simulation for models showing chaotic itinerancy. We also discuss the fact that chaotic itinerancy does not occur in coupled Milnor attractor systems if the transition probability among attractor ruins can be represented as a Markov chain.

Jun Namikawa

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Design and construction of a demonstration residence utilizing natural thermal storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Brookhaven House is an energy conserving residence which demonstrates how thermal mass combined with solar energy can be used to reduce heating costs in a conventional single-family house. The purpose of the project was to develop a prototypical house design that could result in immediate energy savings by being an acceptable, attractive design to developers, builders, and home buyers. Investigations were limited to only materials and methods of construction that were considered presently available and of Natural Thermal Storage design. Natural thermal storage is simply the heat storage obtained through architectural application of massive building materials integrated into the living space and structure of a residence. The research work involved analyzing many buildable configurations of thermal mass and combining their potential benefit with a variety of energy sources. It has been concluded that relatively thin mass walls of masonry directly irradiated through a multiglazed south facing aperture can significantly reduce annual heating requirements.

Jones, R.F.; Ghaffari, H.T.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

The American Society for Radiation Oncology's 2010 Core Physics Curriculum for Radiation Oncology Residents  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In 2004, the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) published its first physics education curriculum for residents, which was updated in 2007. A committee composed of physicists and physicians from various residency program teaching institutions was reconvened again to update the curriculum in 2009. Methods and Materials: Members of this committee have associations with ASTRO, the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology, the American Board of Radiology (ABR), and the American College of Radiology. Members reviewed and updated assigned subjects from the last curriculum. The updated curriculum was carefully reviewed by a representative from the ABR and other physics and clinical experts. Results: The new curriculum resulted in a recommended 56-h course, excluding initial orientation. Learning objectives are provided for each subject area, and a detailed outline of material to be covered is given for each lecture hour. Some recent changes in the curriculum include the addition of Radiation Incidents and Bioterrorism Response Training as a subject and updates that reflect new treatment techniques and modalities in a number of core subjects. The new curriculum was approved by the ASTRO board in April 2010. We anticipate that physicists will use this curriculum for structuring their teaching programs, and subsequently the ABR will adopt this educational program for its written examination. Currently, the American College of Radiology uses the ASTRO curriculum for their training examination topics. In addition to the curriculum, the committee updated suggested references and the glossary. Conclusions: The ASTRO physics education curriculum for radiation oncology residents has been updated. To ensure continued commitment to a current and relevant curriculum, the subject matter will be updated again in 2 years.

Xiao Ying, E-mail: ying.xiao@jefferson.edu [Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (United States); De Amorim Bernstein, Karen [Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY (United States); Chetty, Indrin J. [Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI (United States); Eifel, Patricia [M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Hughes, Lesley [Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ (United States); Klein, Eric E. [Washington University, Saint Louis, MO (United States); McDermott, Patrick [William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States); Prisciandaro, Joann [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Paliwal, Bhudatt [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Price, Robert A. [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Werner-Wasik, Maria [Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Palta, Jatinder R. [University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

An Analysis of Design Strategies for Climate-Controlled Residences in Selected Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents preliminary results of efforts to test the boundaries of the Givoni-Milne (G-M, 1979) bioclimatic design strategy chart, using DOE-2 simulations of a code-complaint single-story, slab-ongrade, single-family residence in selected climates. The analysis includes graphical and tabular presentations of the annual hourly simulations superimposed upon the G-M bioclimatic chart using weather data from selected climates.

Visitsak, S.; Haberl, J. S.

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Analysis of Energy Consumption of Duplex Residences in College Station, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper characterizes the variability of energy consumption due to a series of construction, occupant, and weather-related effects in duplex residences in College Station, Texas. In this paper, spline regression was used to estimate cooling efficiency, heating efficiency, base load, modified cooling balance point temperature, and modified heating balance point temperature for monthly billed kWh against average daily outside temperature. These estimates were used to predict normalized annual consumption. Best subsets regression and multiple regression were used to explore the relationship between energy consumption and construction, occupant, and weather-related factors. The sample for this paper was I40 duplex residences which used only electricity for cooling and heating, and had one year minimum occupancy in College Station, Texas. The spline regression models with weather-related factors achieved adjusted R~ values averaging 0.82. Construction, occupant, and weather-related factors were determined to be components of energy consumption. In the final modeling, construction, occupant, and weather-related factors accounted for 93% of the variance for the normalized annual consumption of duplex residences. The findings showed there was a significant relationship between normalized annual consumption and year built, thermostat setting, cooling efficiency, heating efficiency, base load, modified cooling balance point temperature, and modified heating balance point temperature.

Kim, S. B.; Woods, P. K.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Energy-Dependent Gamma-Ray Burst Peak Durations and Blast-Wave Deceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temporal analyses of the prompt gamma-ray and X-ray light curves of gamma-ray bursts reveal a tendency for the burst pulse time scales to increase with decreasing energy. For an ensemble of BATSE bursts, Fenimore et al. (1995) show that the energy dependence of burst peak durations can be represented by $\\Delta t \\propto E^{-\\gamma}$ with $\\gamma \\simeq 0.4$--0.45. This power-law dependence has led to the suggestion that this effect is due to radiative processes, most notably synchrotron cooling of the non-thermal particles which produce the radiation. Here we show that a similar power-law dependence occurs, under certain assumptions, in the context of the blast-wave model and is a consequence of the deceleration of the blast-wave. This effect will obtain whether or not synchrotron cooling is important, but different degrees of cooling will cause variations in the energy dependence of the peak durations.

James Chiang

1998-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

194

Stratéole/Vorcore—Long-duration, Superpressure Balloons to Study the Antarctic Lower Stratosphere during the 2005 Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In September and October 2005, the Stratéole/Vorcore campaign flew 27 superpressure balloons from McMurdo, Antarctica, into the stratospheric polar vortex. Long-duration flights were successfully achieved, 16 of those flights lasting for more ...

Albert Hertzog; Philippe Cocquerez; René Guilbon; Jean-Noël Valdivia; Stéphanie Venel; Claude Basdevant; Gillian Boccara; Jérôme Bordereau; Bernard Brioit; François Vial; Alain Cardonne; Alain Ravissot; Éric Schmitt

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Internet use and the duration of buying and selling in the residential housing market, economic incentives and voting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study we examine the impact of internet use on the duration of non-sequential search in the housing market. We develop a model of partial equilibrium in the housing market which suggests an ambiguous effect on the ...

D'Urso, Victoria Tanusheva, 1975-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Maximum relative excitation of a specific vibrational mode via optimum laser-pulse duration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For molecules and materials responding to femtosecond-scale optical laser pulses, we predict maximum relative excitation of a Raman-active vibrational mode with period T when the pulse has a full-width-at-halfmaximum duration tau approximate to 0.42T. This result follows from a general analytical model, and is precisely confirmed by detailed density-functional-based dynamical simulations for C(60) and a carbon nanotube, which include anharmonicity, nonlinearity, no assumptions about the polarizability tensor, and no averaging over rapid oscillations within the pulse. The mode specificity is, of course, best at low temperature and for pulses that are electronically off-resonance, and the energy deposited in any mode is proportional to the fourth power of the electric field.

Zhou, Xiang; Lin, Zhibin; Jiang, Chenwei; Gao, Meng; Allen, Roland E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Reducing Duration of Refueling Outage by Optimizing Core Design and Shuffling Sequence  

SciTech Connect

Reducing the duration of refueling outage is possible by optimizing the core design and the shuffling sequence. For both options software tools have been developed that have been applied to the three most recent cycles of the Borssele plant in the Netherlands. Applicability of the shuffling sequence optimization to boiling water reactors has been demonstrated by a comparison to a recent shuffle plan used in the Hatch plant located in the United States. Their uses have shown that both core design and shuffling sequence optimization can be exploited to reduce the time needed for reloading a core with an in-core shuffling scheme. Ex-core shuffling schemes for pressurized water reactors can still have substantial benefit from a core design using a minimized number of insert shuffles.

Wakker, P.H.; Verhagen, F.C.M.; Bloois, J.T. van; Sutton, W.R. III

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Does Homeownership Lengthen Unemployment Duration? A French Micro-econometric Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to provide microeconomic evidence for the so called “Oswald’s hypothesis”, which is whether homeownership results in negative outcomes in the labour market. In a first step, a multinomial logit model for the choice of tenure status is estimated. Estimated probabilities of being either homeowner, renter or housed free of charge are then used to explain the length of an individual unemployment spell. This flexible method of estimation accounts for both censoring and selection bias, without constraining the shape of the hazard rate of leaving unemployment. Results from a 3,965 individuals French data set suggest that home-ownership has a positive effect on unemployment duration.

Carole Brunet; Jean-yves Lesueur; Jel Codes C; R I. Introduction

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Progress toward a microsecond duration, repetitive, intense-ion beam for active spectroscopic measurements on ITER  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe the design of an intense, pulsed, repetitive, neutral beam based on magnetically insulated diode technology for injection into ITER for spectroscopic measurements of thermalizing alpha particle and thermal helium density profiles, ion temperature, plasma rotation, and low Z impurity concentrations in the confinement region. The beam is being developed to enhance low signal-to-noise ratios expected with conventional steady-state ion beams because of severe beam attenuation and intense bremstrahlung emission. A 5 GW (e.g., 100 keV, 50 kA) one-microsecond-duration beam would increase the signal by 10{sup 3} compared to a conventional 5 MW beam with signal-to-noise ratios comparable to those from a chopped conventional beam in one second.

Davis, H.A.; Bartsch, R.R.; Barnes, C.W. [and others

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

2500-Hour High Temperature Solid-Oxide Electrolyzer Long Duration Test  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been developing the concept of using solid oxide fuel cells as electrolyzers for large-scale, high-temperature (efficient), hydrogen production. This program is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy under the Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative. Utilizing a fuel cell as an electrolyzer introduces some inherent differences in cell operating conditions. In particular, the performance of fuel cells operated as electrolyzers degrades with time faster. This issue of electrolyzer cell and stack performance degradation over time has been identified as a major barrier to technology development. Consequently, the INL has been working together with Ceramatec, Inc. (Salt Lake City, Utah) to improve the long-term performance of high temperature electrolyzers. As part of this research partnership, the INL conducted a 2500 hour test of a Ceramatec designed and produced stack operated in the electrolysis mode. This report will provide a summary of experimental results for this long duration test.

C. M. Stoots; J. E. O'Brien; K. G. Condie; L. Moore-McAteer; J. J. Hartvigsen; D. Larsen

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

Finite Duration and Energy Effects in Lorentz-Violating Vacuum Cerenkov Radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vacuum Cerenkov radiation is possible in certain Lorentz-violating quantum field theories, when very energetic charges move faster than the phase speed of light. In the presence of a CPT-even, Lorentz-violating modification of the photon sector, the character of the Cerenkov process is controlled by the high-frequency behavior of the radiation spectrum. The development of the Cerenkov process can be markedly different, depending on whether the only limits on the emission of very energetic photons come from energy-momentum conservation or whether there are additional effects that cut off the spectrum at high frequencies. Moreover, since the high-frequency cutoff determines the total rate at which an emitting charge loses energy, it also controls all aspects of the emission that are related to the process's finite duration.

Brett Altschul

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

202

PHOTOSPHERIC EMISSION AS THE DOMINANT RADIATION MECHANISM IN LONG-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the results of a set of numerical simulations of long-duration gamma-ray burst jets associated with massive, compact stellar progenitors. The simulations extend to large radii and allow us to locate the region in which the peak frequency of the advected radiation is set before the radiation is released at the photosphere. Light curves and spectra are calculated for different viewing angles as well as different progenitor structures and jet properties. We find that the radiation released at the photosphere of matter-dominated jets is able to reproduce the observed Amati and energy-Lorentz factor correlations. Our simulations also predict a correlation between the burst energy and the radiative efficiency of the prompt phase, consistent with observations.

Lazzati, Davide [Department of Physics, NC State University, 2401 Stinson Drive, Raleigh, NC 27695-8202 (United States); Morsony, Brian J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 3321 Sterling Hall, 475 N. Charter Street, Madison WI 53706-1582 (United States); Margutti, Raffaella [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, ITC, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Begelman, Mitchell C. [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO 80309-0440 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

203

Wind Turbine Generator System Duration Test Report for the ARE 442 Wind Turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This test is being conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. This project was established to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. In total, four turbines are being tested at the NWTC as a part of this project. Duration testing is one of up to 5 tests that may be performed on the turbines, including power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality tests. The results of the testing provide manufacturers with reports that may be used for small wind turbine certification. The test equipment includes a grid connected ARE 442 wind turbine mounted on a 30.5 meter (100 ft) lattice tower manufactured by Abundant Renewable Energy. The system was installed by the NWTC Site Operations group with guidance and assistance from Abundant Renewable Energy.

van Dam, J.; Baker, D.; Jager, D.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Idaho Water Rental Pilot Project Probability/Coordination Study Resident Fish and Wildlife Impacts Phase III, 1997 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Phase III began in 1995 with the overall goal of quantifying changes in resident fish habitat in the Snake River Basin upstream of Brownlee Reservoir resulting from the release of salmon flow augmentation water.

Leitzinger, Eric J. (Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Boise, ID)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

The Ocean’s Memory of the Atmosphere: Residence-Time and Ventilation-Rate Distributions of Water Masses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conceptually new approach to diagnosing tracer-independent ventilation rates is developed. Tracer Green functions are exploited to partition ventilation rates according to the ventilated fluid’s residence time in the ocean interior and ...

François W. Primeau; Mark Holzer

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Vulnerability of Mobile Home Residents in Tornado Disasters: The 2008 Super Tuesday Tornado in Macon County, Tennessee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile home residents are known to be highly vulnerable to tornadoes and account for a considerable portion of tornado-related fatalities. The problem is partially related to the limited protection provided by the structure; however, shortcomings ...

Philip L. Chaney; Greg S. Weaver

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Vanadium and nickel complexes in petroleum resid acid, base, and neutral fractions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acid and base fractions from petroleum vacuum resids with no detectable (by visible spectrophotometry) quantities of porphyrinic Ni or V complexes were hydrotreated under various conditions to determine if significant amounts of porphyrinic metals were released, via disassociation or other means, upon hydrotreating. No significant quantities were observed, thereby indicating that nonporphyrinic metals were not simply associated, complexed or otherwise masked (in terms of visible spectrophotometric response) porphyrinic metal complexes. However, it is possible that hydrotreating was simply not effective in breaking up these associates and/or that some porphyrinic forms of metal were in fact released but were rapidly destroyed by hydrotreating. In addition, three liquid chromatographic (LC) separation methods were sequentially applied to Cerro Negro (Orinoco belt Venezuelan heavy crude) >700[degree]C resid in an effort to separate and concentrate the metal complexes present. Nonaqueous ion exchange chromatography was used initially to separate the resid into acid, base and neutral types. Two concentrates containing 19,500 and 13,500 ppm total V, or an estimated 19 and 13 wt % V-containing compounds respectively, were obtained. The degree of enrichment of Ni compounds obtained was significantly lower. By visible spectrophotometry, using vanadyl etioporphyrin as a standard, each of the concentrates contained near a 1:1 ratio of porphyrinic:nonporphyrinic V complexes. Analogous separation behavior for porphyrinic versus nonporphyrinic metal forms was observed throughout much of the work, thereby suggesting that a comparable diversity of structures existed within each general class of metal compounds. The generally wide dispersion of both Ni and V over the LC separation scheme suggests a structural variety of metal complexes that is comparable to that observed for other heteroatoms (N, S, O) in petroleum.

Pearson, C.D.; Green, J.D.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Vanadium and nickel complexes in petroleum resid acid, base, and neutral fractions  

SciTech Connect

Acid and base fractions from petroleum vacuum resids with no detectable (by visible spectrophotometry) quantities of porphyrinic Ni or V complexes were hydrotreated under various conditions to determine if significant amounts of porphyrinic metals were released, via disassociation or other means, upon hydrotreating. No significant quantities were observed, thereby indicating that nonporphyrinic metals were not simply associated, complexed or otherwise masked (in terms of visible spectrophotometric response) porphyrinic metal complexes. However, it is possible that hydrotreating was simply not effective in breaking up these associates and/or that some porphyrinic forms of metal were in fact released but were rapidly destroyed by hydrotreating. In addition, three liquid chromatographic (LC) separation methods were sequentially applied to Cerro Negro (Orinoco belt Venezuelan heavy crude) >700{degree}C resid in an effort to separate and concentrate the metal complexes present. Nonaqueous ion exchange chromatography was used initially to separate the resid into acid, base and neutral types. Two concentrates containing 19,500 and 13,500 ppm total V, or an estimated 19 and 13 wt % V-containing compounds respectively, were obtained. The degree of enrichment of Ni compounds obtained was significantly lower. By visible spectrophotometry, using vanadyl etioporphyrin as a standard, each of the concentrates contained near a 1:1 ratio of porphyrinic:nonporphyrinic V complexes. Analogous separation behavior for porphyrinic versus nonporphyrinic metal forms was observed throughout much of the work, thereby suggesting that a comparable diversity of structures existed within each general class of metal compounds. The generally wide dispersion of both Ni and V over the LC separation scheme suggests a structural variety of metal complexes that is comparable to that observed for other heteroatoms (N, S, O) in petroleum.

Pearson, C.D.; Green, J.D.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Review of BPA Funded Sturgeon, Resident Fish and Wildlife Projects for 1990/1991.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) held a public meeting on November 19--21, 1991, for the purpose of review, coordination, and consultation of the BPA-funded projects for sturgeon, resident fish, and wildlife in the Columbia River Basin (Basin). The comments received after the meeting were favorable and the participants agreed that the meeting was stimulating and productive. The information exchanged should lead to better coordination with other projects throughout the Basin. This document list the projects by title, the project leaders and BPA's project officers, and an abstract of each leader's presentation.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

SATURATION LEVELS FOR WHITE-LIGHT FLARES OF FLARE STARS: VARIATION OF MINIMUM FLARE DURATION FOR SATURATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Taking into account results obtained from models and from statistical analyses of obtained parameters, we discuss flare activity levels and flare characteristics of five UV Ceti stars. We present the parameters of unpublished flares detected over two years of observations of V1005 Ori. We compare parameters of the U-band flares detected over several seasons of observations of AD Leo, EV Lac, EQ Peg, V1054 Oph, and V1005 Ori. Flare frequencies calculated for all program stars and maximum energy levels of the flares are compared, and we consider which is the most correct parameter as an indicator of flare activity levels. Using the One Phase Exponential Association function, the distributions of flare equivalent duration versus flare total duration are modeled for each program star. We use the Independent Samples t-Test in the statistical analyses of the parameters obtained from the models. The results reveal some properties of flare processes occurring on the surfaces of UV Ceti type stars. (1) Flare energies cannot be higher than a specific value regardless of the length of the flare total duration. This must be a saturation level for white-light flares occurring in flare processes observed in the U band. Thus, for the first time it is shown that white-light flares have a saturation in a specific energy range. (2) The span values, which are the difference between the equivalent durations of flares with the shortest and longest total durations, are almost equal for each star. (3) The half-life values, minimum flare durations for saturation, increase toward the later spectral types. (4) Both maximum total durations and maximum rise times computed from the observed flares decrease toward the later spectral types among the UV Ceti stars. According to the maximum energy levels obtained from the models, both EV Lac and EQ Peg are more active than the other three program stars, while AD Leo is the most active flare star according to the flare frequencies.

Dal, H. A.; Evren, S., E-mail: ali.dal@ege.edu.tr [Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Ege, Bornova, 35100 Izmir (Turkey)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Analysis Of Residence Time Distribution Of Fluid Flow By Axial Dispersion Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radioactive tracer {sup 82}Br in the form of KBr-82 with activity {+-} 1 mCi has been injected into steel pipeline to qualify the extent dispersion of water flowing inside it. Internal diameter of the pipe is 3 in. The water source was originated from water tank through which the water flow gravitically into the pipeline. Two collimated sodium iodide detectors were used in this experiment each of which was placed on the top of the pipeline at the distance of 8 and 11 m from injection point respectively. Residence time distribution (RTD) curves obtained from injection of tracer are elaborated numerically to find information of the fluid flow properties. The transit time of tracer calculated from the mean residence time (MRT) of each RTD curves is 14.9 s, therefore the flow velocity of the water is 0.2 m/s. The dispersion number, D/uL, for each RTD curve estimated by using axial dispersion model are 0.055 and 0.06 respectively. These calculations are performed after fitting the simulated axial dispersion model on the experiment curves. These results indicated that the extent of dispersion of water flowing in the pipeline is in the category of intermediate.

Sugiharto [Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Centre for Applications of Isotopes and Radiation Technology-National Nuclear Energy Agency, Jl. Lebak Bulus Raya No. 49, Jakarta 12440 (Indonesia); Su'ud, Zaki; Kurniadi, Rizal; Waris, Abdul [Centre for Applications of Isotopes and Radiation Technology-National Nuclear Energy Agency, Jl. Lebak Bulus Raya No. 49, Jakarta 12440 (Indonesia); Abidin, Zainal [Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

Intensity, duration, and frequency of precipitation extremes under 21st-century warming scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research on the projection of precipitation extremes has either focused on conceptual physical mechanisms that generate heavy precipitation or rigorous statistical methods that extrapolate tail behavior. However, informing both climate prediction and impact assessment requires concurrent physically and statistically oriented analysis. A combined examination of climate model simulations and observation-based reanalysis data sets suggests more intense and frequent precipitation extremes under 21st-century warming scenarios. Utilization of statistical extreme value theory and resampling-based uncertainty quantification combined with consideration of the Clausius-Clapeyron relationship reveals consistently intensifying trends for precipitation extremes at a global-average scale. However, regional and decadal analyses reveal specific discrepancies in the physical mechanisms governing precipitation extremes, as well as their statistical trends, especially in the tropics. The intensifying trend of precipitation extremes has quantifiable impacts on intensity-duration-frequency curves, which in turn have direct implications for hydraulic engineering design and water-resources management. The larger uncertainties at regional and decadal scales suggest the need for caution during regional-scale adaptation or preparedness decisions. Future research needs to explore the possibility of uncertainty reduction through higher resolution global climate models, statistical or dynamical downscaling, as well as improved understanding of precipitation extremes processes.

Kao, Shih-Chieh [ORNL; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Key Issues for the control of refueling outage duration and costs in PWR Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

For several years, EDF, within the framework of the CIDEM1 project and in collaboration with some German Utilities, has undertaken a detailed review of the operating experience both of its own NPP and of foreign units, in order to improve the performances of future units under design, particularly the French-German European Pressurized Reactor (EPR) project. This review made it possible to identify the key issues allowing to decrease the duration of refueling and maintenance outages. These key issues can be classified in 3 categories Design, Maintenance and Logistic Support, Outage Management. Most of the key issues in the design field and some in the logistic support field have been studied and could be integrated into the design of any future PWR unit, as for the EPR project. Some of them could also be adapted to current plants, provided they are feasible and profitable. The organization must be tailored to each country, utility or period: it widely depends on the power production environment, particularly in a deregulation context. (author)

Degrave, Claude [Electricite de France, EDF-SEPTEN, 12-14 avenue Dutrievoz 69628 Villeurbanne Cedex (France)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Long-duration thermal storage for solar-thermal high-pressure steam IPH  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar-thermal central-receiver systems are cost effective for electric-power and industrial process-heat applications. Systems employing molten nitrate salt as both receiver working fluid and storage have previously been evaluated for diurnal thermal storage. This study evaluates the potential of employing a molten salt receiver for a baseload industrial process plant requiring saturated steam at 68 atm (1000 psi). Two types of thermal storage are evaluated: molten salt, and air and rock. When thermal storage of six hours or less is used, molten nitrate salt alone is the optimum storage. For more than six hours, the optimum storage is a combination of molten salt and air and rock. The air and rock system uses a molten-salt-to-air heat exchanger and a thermocline rock bed heated and cooled by the air. The economic potential of the system is determined. The results depend on the relative cost of fossil fuel and the solar thermal energy costs. The optimum quantity of storage is highly variable, and the range is from no storage to a long duration capacity - 48 hours.

Copeland, R.J.; Stern, C.; Leach, J.W.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Does The Addition of a Duration Improve the L_iso - E_peak Relation For Gamma-Ray Bursts?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firmani et al. proposed a new Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) luminosity relation that showed a significant improvement over the L_iso-E_peak relation. The new proposed relation simply modifies the E_peak value by multiplying it by a power of T_0.45, where T_0.45 is a particular measure of the GRB duration. We begin by reproducing the results of Firmani for his 19 bursts. We then test the Firmani relation for the same 19 bursts except that we use independently measured values for L_iso, T_0.45, and E_peak, and we find that the relation deteriorates substantially. We further test the relation by using 60 GRBs with measured spectroscopic redshifts, and find a relation that has a comparable scatter as the original L_iso-E_peak relation. That is, a much larger sample of bursts does not reproduce the small scatter as reported by Firmani et al. Finally, we investigate whether the Firmani relation is improved by the use of any of 32 measures of duration in place of T_0.45. The quality of each alternative duration measure is evaluated with the root mean square of the scatter between the observed and fitted logarithmic Liso values. Although we find some durations yield slightly better results than T_0.45, the differences between the duration measures are minimal. We find that the addition of a duration does not add any significant improvement to the L_iso-E_peak relation. We also present a simple and direct derivation of the Firmani relation from both the L_iso-E_peak and Amati relations. In all we conclude that the Firmani relation neither has an independent existence nor does it provide any significant improvement on previously known relations that are simpler.

Andrew C. Collazzi; Bradley E. Schaefer

2008-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

216

DEMOGRAPHICS OF THE GALAXIES HOSTING SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present observations of the afterglows and host galaxies of three short-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs): 100625A, 101219A, and 110112A. We find that GRB 100625A occurred in a z = 0.452 early-type galaxy with a stellar mass of Almost-Equal-To 4.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun} and a stellar population age of Almost-Equal-To 0.7 Gyr, and GRB 101219A originated in a star-forming galaxy at z = 0.718 with a stellar mass of Almost-Equal-To 1.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun }, a star formation rate of Almost-Equal-To 16 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, and a stellar population age of Almost-Equal-To 50 Myr. We also report the discovery of the optical afterglow of GRB 110112A, which lacks a coincident host galaxy to i {approx}> 26 mag, and we cannot conclusively identify any field galaxy as a possible host. From afterglow modeling, the bursts have inferred circumburst densities of Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -4}-1 cm{sup -3} and isotropic-equivalent gamma-ray and kinetic energies of Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 50}-10{sup 51} erg. These three events highlight the diversity of galactic environments that host short GRBs. To quantify this diversity, we use the sample of 36 Swift short GRBs with robust associations to an environment ({approx}1/2 of 68 short bursts detected by Swift to 2012 May) and classify bursts originating from four types of environments: late-type ( Almost-Equal-To 50%), early-type ( Almost-Equal-To 15%), inconclusive ( Almost-Equal-To 20%), and ''host-less'' (lacking a coincident host galaxy to limits of {approx}> 26 mag; Almost-Equal-To 15%). To find likely ranges for the true late- and early-type fractions, we assign each of the host-less bursts to either the late- or early-type category using probabilistic arguments and consider the scenario that all hosts in the inconclusive category are early-type galaxies to set an upper bound on the early-type fraction. We calculate most likely ranges for the late- and early-type fractions of Almost-Equal-To 60%-80% and Almost-Equal-To 20%-40%, respectively. We find no clear trend between gamma-ray duration and host type. We also find no change to the fractions when excluding events recently claimed as possible contaminants from the long GRB/collapsar population. Our reported demographics are consistent with a short GRB rate driven by both stellar mass and star formation.

Fong, W.; Berger, E.; Chornock, R.; Margutti, R.; Czekala, I.; Zauderer, B. A.; Laskar, T.; Servillat, M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Levan, A. J.; Tunnicliffe, R. L. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Tanvir, N. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Fox, D. B. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Perley, D. A. [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Room 232, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Cenko, S. B. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Persson, S. E.; Monson, A. J.; Kelson, D. D.; Birk, C.; Murphy, D. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Anglada, G. [Institut fuer Astrophysik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, Universitaet Goettingen, D-37077 Goettingen (Germany)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

217

Microsoft PowerPoint - SRS Headcount by County of Residence Q4 FY 2013.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GA County SRNS SRR WSI *Parsons GA County SRNS SRR WSI *Parsons Amer- esco MOX DOE-SR GA County Total Burke 23 15 4 17 0 24 0 83 Columbia 719 258 101 75 6 148 44 1351 Jefferson 2 3 0 1 0 3 0 9 Lincoln 11 1 2 1 0 4 0 19 McDuffie 10 8 0 5 0 13 2 38 Richmond 508 184 110 117 2 215 34 1170 Screven 20 7 1 6 0 4 0 38 Other 24 12 3 91 0 162 0 292 Total 1317 488 221 313 * 8 573 80 3000 SRS Employee Headcount by County of Residence Q4, FY 13

218

Hodges residence: performance of a direct gain passive solar home in Iowa  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results are presented for the performance of the Hodges Residence, a 2200-square-foot earth-sheltered direct gain passive solar home in Ames, Iowa, during the 1979-80 heating season, its first occupied season. No night insulation was used on its 500 square feet of double-pane glass. Total auxiliary heat required was 43 GJ (41 MBTU) gross and 26 GJ (25 MBTU) net, amounting, respectively, to 60 and 36 kJ/C/sup 0/-day-m/sup 2/ (2.9 and 1.8 BTU/F/sup 0/-day-ft/sup 2/). The heating season was unusually cloudy and included the cloudiest January in the 21 years of Ames insolation measurements. Results are also presented for the performance of the hollow-core floor which serves as the main storage mass and for the comfort range in the house.

Hodges, L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Review of BPA Funded Sturgeon, Resident Fish and Wildlife Projects, 1989/1990.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) held a public meeting on November 6-7, 1990, for the purpose of review, coordination, and consultation of the BPA-funded projects for sturgeon, resident fish, and wildlife in the Columbia River Basin (Basin). The comments received after the meeting were favorable and the participants agreed that the meeting was stimulating and productive. The information exchanged should lead to better coordination with other projects throughout the Basin. The following pages list the projects by title, the project leaders and BPA's project officers, and an abstract of each leaders presentation. These summaries are in some cases preliminary; they are subject to change and should not be quoted without consulting the project leader.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

SMALL-SCALE MICROWAVE BURSTS IN LONG-DURATION SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect

Solar small-scale microwave bursts (SMBs), including microwave dot, spike, and narrow-band type III bursts, are characterized by very short timescales, narrow frequency bandwidth, and very high brightness temperatures. Based on observations of the Chinese Solar Broadband Radio Spectrometer at Huairou with superhigh cadence and frequency resolution, this work presents an intensive investigation of SMBs in several flares that occurred in active region NOAA 10720 during 2005 January 14-21. Especially for long-duration flares, the SMBs occurred not only in the early rising and impulsive phase, but also in the flare decay phase and even after the end of the flare. These SMBs are strong bursts with inferred brightness temperatures of at least 8.18 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11}-1.92 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13} K, very short lifetimes of 5-18 ms, relative frequency bandwidths of 0.7%-3.5%, and superhigh frequency drifting rates. Together with their obviously different polarizations from background emission (the quiet Sun, and the underlying flaring broadband continuum), such SMBs should be individual, independent strong coherent bursts related to some non-thermal energy release and the production of energetic particles in a small-scale source region. These facts show the existence of small-scale strong non-thermal energy releasing activities after the flare maxima, which is meaningful for predicting space weather. Physical analysis indicates that a plasma mechanism may be the most favorable candidate for the formation of SMBs. From the plasma mechanism, the velocities and kinetic energy of fast electrons can be deduced and the region of electron acceleration can also be tracked.

Tan Baolin, E-mail: bltan@nao.cas.cn [Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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221

Short-Term Monitoring to Diagnose Comfort Problems in a Residence in Central Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents results from a project to resolve comfort problems created by high indoor humidity in a 3,400 sq.ft. house in Bryan, Texas. The case study house had been certified by the local utility to meet their energy efficiency standards. However, the resident of the house complained that the house felt too humid although the desired temperature conditions were being maintained. Several HVAC contractors had been previously hired to resolve the problem without success. The field measurements undertaken to diagnose the problem are typical of those that could be undertaken by a house inspector and include an inspection of the construction of the house, short-term monitoring of temperature and humidity, blower door tests and whole-house pressurization tests. To perform the analysis both floors of the house were instrumented with portable data loggers and monitored for a period of two weeks to measure the temperature and relative humidity of the supply, return and ambient conditions. Analysis procedures applied to the house include comparing the measured data against the ASHRAE comfort zone (ASHRAE, 1997) which confirmed adequate zone temperatures with high humidity conditions, and inadequate supply air delivery temperatures for humidity removal. Combined results of the blower door tests and whole-house pressurization tests indicated a potential for leakage through the return air duct. After the recommendations were presented to the homeowner, a new contractor was hired and retrofits applied on the house (i.e., cleaning the cooling coils, enlarging the compressor and relining of the return duct). Measurements were then repeated to determine that the problem had been f ~ e d . This paper describes the case study residence, the measurements used to diagnose the problem, analysis methods, and presents results of the application of the analysis.

Kootin-Sanwu, V.; Sresthaputra, A.; Haberl, J. S.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Title of Dissertation: A Search for Short Duration Very High Energy Emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of GRBs. #12;A Search for Short Duration Very High Energy Emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts by David Noyes Gamma-Ray Bursts 1 1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 3 The Gamma-Ray Burst Search 64 3.1 Introduction

California at Santa Cruz, University of

223

Field Measurements of Duration-Limited Growth of Wind-Generated Ocean Surface Waves at Young Stage of Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The issue of duration-limited growth of wind-generated waves is of importance to wave studies. Most analytical solutions for wind waves are given in time rather than fetch domain. Numerical modeling of wave development is also often conducted in ...

Paul A. Hwang; David W. Wang

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Why Nocturnal Long-Duration Rainfall Presents an Eastward-Delayed Diurnal Phase of Rainfall down the Yangtze River Valley  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hourly observational records and 6-hourly reanalysis data were used to investigate the influences of large-scale forcings on the diurnal variation of summer rainfall along the Yangtze River (YR). The results show that long-duration (more than six ...

Haoming Chen; Rucong Yu; Jian Li; Weihua Yuan; Tianjun Zhou

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

A Silence Duration Based Uplink Scheduling Algorithm for Multiple VoIP Users in M-WiMAX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an efficient uplink scheduling algorithm that can perfectly support various VoIP CODECs with VAD/DTX/CNG in M-WiMAX considering the variants of silence duration between different voice users, solving the problems of uplink resources ... Keywords: G.729B, VAD/DTX/CNG, VoIP CODECs, WiMAX, ertPS, scheduling algorithm

Farouk Y. M. Alkadhi; Zheng Liu; Min Yang; Qiuhong Wang; Jufeng Dai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Simulations of the energy performance of a solar photovoltaic residence and hybrid electric automobile in Fresno, California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hour-by-hour energy performance of a photovoltaic residence and hybrid electric vehicle system that could be built with 1980s' technology is analyzed. Thermal and electrical performance in both stand-alone and grid-connected configurations were simulated with computer models using actual hourly solar and weather data for Fresno, California. The system centers around an energy-efficient residence that incorporates passive heating and cooling. For the simulations in this study, 110 square meters of GE photovoltaic shingle modules (9.6 kW(e) rated power), a 10 kW(e) dc-ac inverter, and advanced lead-acid batteries of 61 kWh(e) capacity were added to the residence. The auto has 30 kWh(e) of lead-acid batteries and a 40-hp electric drive motor for propulsion. The auto was assumed to travel 100 km (62 miles) each day (36,500 km (22,680 miles) annually). A small (10 kW(e)) backup liquid-fueled engine/generator in the auto provides supplemental electricity on cloudy days and for long-distance travel. The utility would provide backup electricity for the residence, or the auto engine/generator can provide this backup power to the residence as well as so-called waste heat from the engine for space heating and domestic hot water. Year-round heating and cooling needs are met primarily with passive design features, and most hot water comes from a solar water heater. The PV array meets all the electrical loads of the residence on 315 days and part of the load on the other 50 days. The PV array also meets the entire auto electricity load on 166 days, and part of the load on another 116 days. A brief cost analysis indicates that both stand-alone and grid-connected systems would be competitive with grid electricity and conventional autos within this decade.

Reuyl, J.S.; Schutt, R.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Magnetic field exposure assessment for adult residents of Maine who live near and far away from overhead transmission lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sixty-Hz magnetic field exposures were measured for 45 adult residents of Maine. Thirty of the subjects resided near rights-of-way (ROWs) with either 345- and 115-kV transmission lines, or ROWs with only 115-kV transmission lines; fifteen resided far from any transmission lines. Personal exposure data for a single 24-hour period was acquired with the EMDEX. The EMDEX's event-marker button was used to partition exposures into Home and Away components. Also, three area measurements were taken for each subject during the personal exposure measurement period: (1) 24-hr fixed-site bedroom measurement with a second EMDEX; (2) Spot measurements in at least three rooms of every residence; and (3) Spot measurements outside each residence. Residence near transmission lines highly loaded during the measurement period was associated with increased Home and Total exposure relative to a far-away population. Average exposure level while away from home was uniform (at about 2 mG) throughout the study population. On a quantitative level, Home exposure was correlated equivalently with Spot-In (r = .70) and the 24-hr fixed site measurement (r = .68). Correlations of area measurements with Total exposure were weaker because of the dilution effect of Away exposure (r = .64 for Spot-In; r = .61 for 24-h Bedroom). Away and Home exposures were not correlated (r = .14), which reinforced our confidence that the participants used the EMDEX correctly. The data suggest the need for caution before inferences are drawn about total personal exposure from area measurements. The study demonstrates the feasibility of obtaining valid measures of magnetic-field exposure with the personal exposure monitors that have been developed.

Kavet, R.; Silva, J.M.; Thornton, D. (Enertech Consultants, Campbell, CA (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Commissioning Tools for Heating/Cooling System in Residence - Verification of Floor Heating System and Room Air Conditioning System Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tools of evaluating the performance of floor heating and room air conditioner are examined as a commissioning tool. Simple method is needed to check these performance while in use by residents, because evaluation currently requires significant time and effort. Therefore, this paper proposes a) two methods of evaluating the floor heating efficiency from the room / crawl space temperature and the energy consumption and b) method of evaluating COP of the room air conditioner from the data measured at the external unit. Case studies in which these tools were applied to actual residences are presented to demonstrate their effectiveness.

Miura, H.; Hokoi, S.; Iwamae, A.; Umeno, T.; Kondo, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

THE METAL AVERSION OF LONG-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

Recently, it has been suggested that the metallicity aversion of Long-duration Gamma Ray Bursts (LGRBs) is not intrinsic to their formation, but rather a consequence of the anti-correlation between star formation and metallicity seen in the general galaxy population. To investigate this proposal, we compare the metallicity of the hosts of LGRBs, broad-lined Type Ic (Ic-bl) supernovae (SNe), and Type II SNe to each other and to the metallicity distribution of star-forming galaxies using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) to represent galaxies in the local universe and the Team Keck Redshift Survey (TKRS) for galaxies at intermediate redshifts. The differing metallicity distributions of LGRB hosts and the star formation in local galaxies forces us to conclude that the low-metallicity preference of LGRBs is not primarily driven by the anti-correlation between star formation and metallicity, but rather must be overwhelmingly due to the astrophysics of the LGRBs themselves. Three quarters of our LGRB sample are found at metallicities below 12+log(O/H) < 8.6, while less than a one-tenth of local star formation is at similarly low metallicities. However, our SN samples are statistically consistent with the metallicity distribution of the general galaxy population. Additionally, we show that the star formation rate distribution of the LGRB and SNe host populations are consistent with the star formation rate distribution of the SDSS galaxy sample. This provides further evidence that the low-metallicity distribution of LGRBs is not caused by the general properties of star-forming galaxies. Using the TKRS population of galaxies, we can exclude the possibility that the LGRB host metallicity aversion is caused by the decrease in galaxy metallicity with redshift, as this effect is clearly much smaller than the observed LGRB host metallicity bias over the redshift span of our sample. The presence of the strong metallicity difference between LGRBs and Type Ic-bl SNe largely eliminates the possibility that the observed LGRB metallicity bias is a byproduct of a difference in the initial mass functions of the galaxy populations. Rather, metallicity below half-solar must be a fundamental component of the evolutionary process that separates LGRBs from the vast majority of Type Ic-bl SNe and from the bulk of local star formation.

Graham, J. F.; Fruchter, A. S. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

230

Annual Report on Resident Fish Activities, 1986 Fiscal Year, Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, Action Item 41.8.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report addresses the status of resident fish projects currently funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) under the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Program) established pursuant to the Northwest Power Act (P.L. 96-501). The report provides a brief synopsis, review and discussion of 13 resident fish projects funded during September 1985 to May 1986. The resident fish section of the Program addresses measures which are intended to protect resident fish, mitigate fishery losses caused by hydroelectric projects, and compensate for past losses through enhancement measures. These measures include, but are not limited to: flow requirements, drawdown requirements, temperature control, and streambed protection.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Phase I Water Rental Pilot Project : Snake River Resident Fish and Wildlife Resources and Management Recommendations.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Idaho Water Rental Pilot Project was implemented as a part of the Non-Treaty Storage Fish and Wildlife Agreement (NTSA) between Bonneville Power Administration and the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority. The goal of the project is to improve juvenile and adult salmon and steelhead passage in the lower Snake River with the use of rented water for flow augmentation. The primary purpose of this project is to summarize existing resource information and provide recommendations to protect or enhance resident fish and wildlife resources in Idaho with actions achieving flow augmentation for anadromous fish. Potential impacts of an annual flow augmentation program on Idaho reservoirs and streams are modeled. Potential sources of water for flow augmentation and operational or institutional constraints to the use of that water are identified. This report does not advocate flow augmentation as the preferred long-term recovery action for salmon. The state of Idaho strongly believes that annual drawdown of the four lower Snake reservoirs is critical to the long-term enhancement and recovery of salmon (Andrus 1990). Existing water level management includes balancing the needs of hydropower production, irrigated agriculture, municipalities and industries with fish, wildlife and recreation. Reservoir minimum pool maintenance, water quality and instream flows are issues of public concern that will be directly affected by the timing and quantity of water rental releases for salmon flow augmentation, The potential of renting water from Idaho rental pools for salmon flow augmentation is complicated by institutional impediments, competition from other water users, and dry year shortages. Water rental will contribute to a reduction in carryover storage in a series of dry years when salmon flow augmentation is most critical. Such a reduction in carryover can have negative impacts on reservoir fisheries by eliminating shoreline spawning beds, reducing available fish habitat, and exacerbating adverse water quality conditions. A reduction in carry over can lead to seasonal reductions in instream flows, which may also negatively affect fish, wildlife, and recreation in Idaho. The Idaho Water Rental Pilot Project does provide opportunities to protect and enhance resident fish and wildlife habitat by improving water quality and instream flows. Control of point sources, such as sewage and industrial discharges, alone will not achieve water quality goals in Idaho reservoirs and streams. Slow, continuous releases of rented water can increase and stabilize instream flows, increase available fish and wildlife habitat, decrease fish displacement, and improve water quality. Island integrity, requisite for waterfowl protection from mainland predators, can be maintained with improved timing of water releases. Rebuilding Snake River salmon and steelhead runs requires a cooperative commitment and increased flexibility in system operations to increase flow velocities for fish passage and migration. Idaho's resident fish and wildlife resources require judicious management and a willingness by all parties to liberate water supplies equitably.

Riggin, Stacey H.; Hansen, H. Jerome

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The Relationship between Drop In-Cloud Residence Time and Drizzle Production in Numerically Simulated Stratocumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers the production of drizzle in statocumulus clouds in relation to the boundary-layer turbulent kinetic energy and in-cloud residence times. It is shown that drizzle production in statocumulus of the order of 400 m in depth is ...

Graham Feingold; W. R. Cotton; Bjorn Stevens; A. S. Frisch

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Planning and decision making about the future care of older group home residents and transition to residential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to residential aged carejir_1297 1..13 C. Bigby,1 B. Bowers2 & R. Webber3 1 School of SocialWork and Social residents and the decisions made that a move to residential aged care was necessary. Methods Grounded to a residential aged care facility was neces- sary were made in haste and seen as a fait accompli to involved

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

234

Segment-Based Recognition on the PhoneBook Task: Initial Results and Observations on Duration Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes preliminary recognition experiments on PhoneBook [1], a corpus of isolated, telephone-bandwidth, read words from a large (almost 8,000-word) vocabulary. We have chosen this corpus as a testbed for experiments on the language model-independent parts of a segment-based recognizer. We present results showing that a segment-based recognizer performs well on this task, and that a simple Gaussian mixture phone duration model significantly reduces the error rate. We compare context-independent, stress-dependent, and word position-dependent duration models and obtain relative error rate reductions of up to 12% on the test set. Finally, we make some observations regarding the effects of stress and word position in this isolated-word task and discuss our plans for further research using PhoneBook. 1.

Karen Livescu; James Glass

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Exact analysis of particle dynamics in combined field of finite duration laser pulse and static axial magnetic field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamics of a charged particle is studied in the field of a relativistically intense linearly polarized finite duration laser pulse in the presence of a static axial magnetic field. For a finite duration laser pulse whose temporal shape is defined by Gaussian profile, exact analytical expressions are derived for the particle trajectory, momentum, and energy as function of laser phase. From the solutions, it is shown that, unlike for the monochromatic plane wave case, resonant phase locking time between the particle and laser pulse is finite. The net energy transferred to the particle does not increase monotonically but tends to saturate. It is further shown that appropriate tuning of cyclotron frequency of the particle with the characteristic frequency in the pulse spectrum can lead to the generation of accelerated particles with variable energies in MeV-TeV range.

Sagar, Vikram; Sengupta, Sudip; Kaw, Predhiman [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Head-and-Neck Target Delineation Among Radiation Oncology Residents After a Teaching Intervention: A Prospective, Blinded Pilot Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: We conducted this study to determine the feasibility of incorporating a teaching intervention on target delineation into the educational curriculum of a radiation oncology residency program and to assess the short-term effects on resident skills. Methods and Materials: The study schema consisted of a baseline evaluation, the teaching intervention, and a follow-up evaluation. At the baseline evaluation, the participants contoured three clinical tumor volumes (CTVs) (70 Gy, 59.4 Gy, and 54 Gy) on six contrast-enhanced axial computed tomography images of a de-identified patient with Stage T2N2bM0 squamous cell carcinoma of the right base of the tongue. The participants attended a series of head-and-neck oncology and anatomy seminars. The teaching intervention consisted of a didactic lecture and an interactive hands-on practical session designed to improve the knowledge and skills for target delineation in the head and neck. At the follow-up evaluation, the residents again contoured the CTVs. Results: Of the 14 eligible residents, 11 (79%) actually participated in the study. For all participants, but especially for those who had not had previous experience with head-and-neck target delineation, the teaching intervention was associated with improvement in the delineation of the node-negative neck (CTV 54 Gy contour). Regardless of clinical experience, participants had difficulty determining what should be included in the CTV 59.4 Gy contour to ensure adequate coverage of potential microscopic disease. Conclusion: Incorporating a teaching intervention into the education curriculum of a radiation oncology residency program is feasible and was associated with short-term improvements in target delineation skills. Subsequent interventions will require content refinement, additional validation, longer term follow-up, and multi-institutional collaboration.

Bekelman, Justin E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)], E-mail: bekelmaj@mskcc.org; Wolden, Suzanne; Lee, Nancy [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Energy Savings Resulting from Shading Devices on Single-Family Residences in Austin, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Potential annual energy savings resulting from window shading devices on three prototypical Austin, Texas, single-family residences were computed in this study. Savings were calculated for interior (shades, blinds, draperies, window film, and tinted windows) and exterior (solar screens, awnings, overhangs, and the effects of recessed windows and vegetation) shading devices. The analysis was conducted with the DOE-2 building energy analysis computer program. Nominal baseline cases (single glazing, gas heating, and nominal shading from eaves and neighboring buildings) were run for each prototype. Selected baseline variants (double glazing, all electric, and no eaves or neighbor shading) were run to test parameter sensitivity. Results are reported in terms of the annual heating and cooling energy use and energy cost, with each device in place, as compared to the baseline cases. The devices are ranked in term of energy savings and energy coat savings. Another significant result is the multiple-regression correlation of annual heating and cooling energy savings with Shading Coefficient and U-value that generalizes the performance of the shading devices.

Pletzer, R. K.; Jones, J. W.; Hunn, B. D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Estimates of achievable potential for electricity efficiency improvements in U.S. residences  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the potential for public policies to achieve electricity efficiency improvements in US residences. This estimate of achievable potential builds upon a database of energy-efficient technologies developed for a previous study estimating the technical potential for electricity savings. The savings potential and cost for each efficiency measure in the database is modified to reflect the expected results of policies implemented between 1990 and 2010. Factors included in these modifications are: the market penetration of efficiency measures, the costs of administering policies, and adjustments to the technical potential measures to reflect the actual energy savings and cost experienced in the past. When all adjustment factors are considered, this study estimates that policies can achieve approximately 45% of the technical potential savings during the period from 1990 to 2010. Thus, policies can potentially avoid 18% of the annual frozen-efficiency baseline electricity consumption forecast for the year 2010. This study also investigates the uncertainty in best estimate of achievable potential by estimating two alternative scenarios -- a

Brown, Richard

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Early Detection of Melanoma and other Cancers in Residents of Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The overall goal of this project was to develop simple and inexpensive tests to screen for the presence of early stage cancer in the residents of Nevada with a particular emphasis on the membership of the Hotel Employee Restaurant Employee International Union (HEREIU) in Las Vegas. Our specific goals were: 1) to develop a clinical database of individuals with cancer and to create a biological specimen Collection and Storage Systems (the NVCI bio-bank); 2) to initiate screening of individuals for proteomic markers indicating susceptibility to or the presence of specific cancers, e.g. breast, ovarian, prostate and bladder. In addition, we proposed the implementation of novel digital imaging technologies to detect melanoma; 3) to genotype blood samples from individuals who consent to participate in IRB approved research studies using a high throughput single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) method based on optical thin-film biosensor chip technology; and 4) to conduct biostatistical analysis of clinical, demographic, genetic, proteomic and digital imaging data to stratify the population cohort into relative risk groups for cancers that are prevalent in Nevada.

David Ward, PhD and Nicholas Vogelzang, MD

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

240

Design of a photovoltaic system for a Southeast all-electric residence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A photovoltaic system has been developed and integrated into a single-story residence suitable for the Southeast region of the country. The design addresses an integral mounted array which displaces conventional roof sheathing, roofing felt and shingles. The array has a rated power output of 5.6 kW at NOCT conditions and covers 86 sq.m. of roof area. A 6 kW utility-tied inverter is used in the power conversion subsystem, representative of a lower cost version, currently available hardware. The system provides feedback of excess energy to the utility, which is the most promising feedback of excess energy to the utility, which is the most promising approach for grid-connected systems in the mid-1980's. The complete system and house design are described, including all the pertinent installation and construction drawings. Specific performance results are presented for the Miami, Florida, and Charleston, SC, regions. The system presented, coupled with previously completed designs, provide a set of design options expected to be available to residential homeowners in the mid-1980's.

Mehalick, E.M.; Tully, G.F.; Johnson, J.; Truncellito, N.; Schaeffer, R.; Parker, J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Effects of residence time distribution and packing on methanol oxidation in biotrickling filter  

SciTech Connect

The effects of residence time distribution (RTD) on biotrickling filter systems and the comparison of the maximum elimination capacity (EC) and poisoning limits as functions of loadings of two packing media, Celite Biocatalyst Carrier R-635 and a subbituminous coal (Hat Creek coal from British Columbia), were studied. To alter the RTD patterns in the two reactor columns, two baffle designs were chosen. The RTD tests were done under dry conditions, over a range of airflow rates, with zero baffle, one baffle, and two baffles added into each column. Mixed culture from compost was used to acclimate the bed for the methanol removal efficiency study. No nutrients were added in the coal column. To study the poisoning limit, the inlet methanol concentration was randomly increased until a severe drop in removal efficiency occurred. From the RTD tests and the removal efficiency runs, which did not result in 100% conversion, number of tank-in-series (N) values, maximum EC values, and rate constants of each column with different baffle configurations could be obtained. Results from duplicate runs showed that addition of baffles decreased the N values of the columns and increased the back mixing in both systems. Maximum EC values, critical loadings, and poisoning limits also increased with increasing back mixing. Coal was superior to Celite Biocatalyst Carrier R-635 because it gave good conversions without additional nutrients. In all runs, the rate of methanol removal was controlled by a zero order process. 14 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.

Yuanita W. Hutomo; K.L. Pinder [University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Chemical and Biological Engineering Department

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

Localization of Southern Resident Killer Whales Using Two Star Arrays to Support Marine Renewable Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tidal power has been identified as one of the most potential commercial-scale renewable energy sources. Puget Sound, Washington, is a potential site to deploy tidal power generating devices. The risk of injury for killer whales needs to be managed before the deployment of these types of devices can be approved by regulating authorities. A passive acoustic system consisting of two star arrays, each with four hydrophones, was designed and implemented for the detection and localization of Southern Resident killer whales. Deployment of the passive acoustic system was conducted at Sequim Bay, Washington. A total of nine test locations were chosen, within a radius of 250 m around the star arrays, to test our localization approach. For the localization algorithm, a least square solver was applied to obtain a bearing location from each star array. The final source location was determined by the intersection of the bearings given by each of the two star arrays. Bearing and distance errors were obtained to conduct comparison between the calculated and true (from Global Positioning System) locations. The results indicated that bearing errors were within 1.04º for eight of the test locations; one location had bearing errors slightly larger than expected due to the strong background noise at that position. For the distance errors, six of the test locations were within the range of 1.91 to 32.36 m. The other two test locations were near the intersection line between the centers of the two star arrays, which were expected to have large errors from the theoretical sensitivity analysis performed.

Ren, Huiying; Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Sun, Yannan; Fu, Tao; Martinez, Jayson J.; Matzner, Shari; Myers, Joshua R.

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

243

Target Strength of Southern Resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca): Measurement and Modeling  

SciTech Connect

A major criterion for tidal power licensing in Washington’s Puget Sound is the management of the risk of injury to killer whales due to collision with moving turbine blades. An active monitoring system is being proposed for killer whale detection, tracking, and alerting that links to and triggers temporary turbine shutdown when there is risk of collision. Target strength (TS) modeling of the killer whale is critical to the design and application of any active monitoring system. A 1996 study performed a high-resolution measurement of acoustic reflectivity as a function of frequency of a female bottlenose dolphin (2.2 m length) at broadside aspect and TS as a function of incident angle at 67 kHz frequency. Assuming that killer whales share similar morphology structure with the bottlenose dolphin, we extrapolated the TS of an adult killer whale 7.5 m in length at 67 kHz frequency with -8 dB at broadside aspect and -28 dB at tail side. The backscattering data from three Southern Resident killer whales were analyzed to obtain the TS measurement. These data were collected at Lime Kiln State Park using a split-beam system deployed from a boat. The TS of the killer whale at higher frequency (200 kHz) was estimated based on a three-layer model for plane wave reflection from the lung of the whale. The TS data of killer whales were in good agreement with our model. In this paper, we also discuss and explain possible causes for measurement estimation error.

Xu, Jinshan; Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Moore, Brian

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

244

Radiation-Induced Cardiac Toxicity After Therapy for Breast Cancer: Interaction Between Treatment Era and Follow-Up Duration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Cardiac toxicity after breast radiotherapy (RT) has been widely described in 'older' RT trials (i.e., using larger fraction sizes, wide RT fields, and orthovoltage energy). The results from more 'modern' RT trials have shown less cardiac toxicity. The comparisons between the 'older' and 'modern' trials are confounded by the longer follow-up time in the 'older' trials. We systematically assessed the effect of treatment era and follow-up duration on the reported rates of cardiac toxicity associated with RT. Methods and Materials: The published data were surveyed using PubMed to identify studies using 'breast cancer,' 'irradiation/radiotherapy,' 'cardiac/heart,' and 'toxicity/morbidity/mortality' in a keyword search. Relevant data were extracted from the identified trials. The trials were defined as 'older' (patient accrual start year before 1980) and 'modern' (patient accrual start year in or after 1980) to segregate the trials and assess the treatment era effect. A 10-year follow-up duration was used as a cutoff to segregate and analyze trials with varying lengths of follow-up. Results: We analyzed 19 published reports of patients treated between 1968 and 2002 (5 randomized controlled trials, 5 single- or multi-institutional studies, and 9 national cancer registry database reviews). In the reviewed trials, all the older trials reported excess cardiac toxicity, typically with a median of >10-15 years of follow-up. However, the vast majority of modern RT trials had shorter median follow-up durations, typically {<=}10 years and did not report an excess toxicity risk. The modern studies lacked longer follow-up. Conclusion: Additional follow-up is needed to ensure that modern methods effectively reduce cardiac toxicity. Continued diligence to minimize cardiac exposure remains prudent.

Demirci, Senem [Department of Radiation Oncology, Ege University School of Medicine, Izmir (Turkey); Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Nam, Jiho; Hubbs, Jessica L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Nguyen, Thu [Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Marks, Lawrence B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)], E-mail: marks@med.unc.edu

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

Results of the Association of Directors of Radiation Oncology Programs (ADROP) Survey of Radiation Oncology Residency Program Directors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To survey the radiation oncology residency program directors on the topics of departmental and institutional support systems, residency program structure, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements, and challenges as program director. Methods: A survey was developed and distributed by the leadership of the Association of Directors of Radiation Oncology Programs to all radiation oncology program directors. Summary statistics, medians, and ranges were collated from responses. Results: Radiation oncology program directors had implemented all current required aspects of the ACGME Outcome Project into their training curriculum. Didactic curricula were similar across programs nationally, but research requirements and resources varied widely. Program directors responded that implementation of the ACGME Outcome Project and the external review process were among their greatest challenges. Protected time was the top priority for program directors. Conclusions: The Association of Directors of Radiation Oncology Programs recommends that all radiation oncology program directors have protected time and an administrative stipend to support their important administrative and educational role. Departments and institutions should provide adequate and equitable resources to the program directors and residents to meet increasingly demanding training program requirements.

Harris, Eleanor [Department of Radiation Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL (United States)], E-mail: Eleanor.Harris@moffitt.org; Abdel-Wahab, May [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Miami, Miami, FL (United States); Spangler, Ann E. [Moncrief Radiation Oncology Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); Lawton, Colleen A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Amdur, Robert J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida Shands Cancer Center, Gainesville, FL (United States)

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Coal liquefaction process streams characterization and evaluation. Characterization of coal liquefaction resids employing thermogravimetric analysis and electron spin resonance spectroscopy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study demonstrated the feasibility of using temperature-programmed electron spin resonance (ESR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) for the examination of tetrahydrofuran (THF)-soluble distillation resid materials derived from direct coal liquefaction. TGA is used to quantitate volatile losses in a temperature-programmed experiment. The TGA data are used to correct the free radical densities obtained by ESR as volatile material is evolved from the samples in the temperature-programmed ESR experiment. The techniques, when employed in tandem, can be used to determine the content and nature of the free radicals in the samples at temperatures approximating those used in the liquefaction process. TGA and ESR experiments were performed in flowing nitrogen and hydrogen, at ambient pressure. No significant difference was observed in the ESR spectra in the different atmospheres, except in the case of low-rank coal-derived resids. The TGA results, however, were systematically different; mass loss in an H{sub 2} atmosphere is consistently higher than that observed in an N{sub 2} atmosphere. It was shown that temperature-programmed ESR, which can pinpoint conditions at which the free radical content is the highest, has potential to be a guide for the appropriate choice of conditions for optimum resid upgrading. Further development of these combined analytical methods as process development tools appears justified based on these results.

Ibrahim, M.M.; Seehra, M.S. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States). Dept. of Physics

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Cloud amount and sunshine duration in the People's Republic of China, 1954--1988  

SciTech Connect

A part of the world with extensive records of cloudiness is the People's Republic of China (PRC). These data, along with records of other meteorological observations, have recently been made available through a joint research agreement established between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the PRC Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) for the purpose of studying possible global warming due to an enhanced greenhouse effect. This paper examines the variation of PRC cloudiness, along with that of sunshine duration (a useful measure of cloudiness), over the 35-year period 1954--1988.

Kaiser, D.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Radiobiology for eye plaque brachytherapy and evaluation of implant duration and radionuclide choice using an objective function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Clinical optimization of Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) eye plaque brachytherapy is currently limited to tumor coverage, consensus prescription dosage, and dose calculations to ocular structures. The biologically effective dose (BED) of temporary brachytherapy treatments is a function of both chosen radionuclide R and implant duration T. This study endeavored to evaluate BED delivered to the tumor volume and surrounding ocular structures as a function of plaque position P, prescription dose, R, and T. Methods: Plaque-heterogeneity-corrected dose distributions were generated with MCNP5 for the range of currently available COMS plaques loaded with sources using three available low-energy radionuclides. These physical dose distributions were imported into the PINNACLE{sup 3} treatment planning system using the TG-43 hybrid technique and used to generate dose volume histograms for a T = 7 day implant within a reference eye geometry including the ciliary body, cornea, eyelid, foveola, lacrimal gland, lens, optic disc, optic nerve, retina, and tumor at eight standard treatment positions. The equation of Dale and Jones was employed to create biologically effective dose volume histograms (BEDVHs), allowing for BED volumetric analysis of all ROIs. Isobiologically effective prescription doses were calculated for T = 5 days down to 0.01 days, with BEDVHs subsequently generated for all ROIs using correspondingly reduced prescription doses. Objective functions were created to evaluate the BEDVHs as a function of R and T. These objective functions are mathematically accessible and sufficiently general to be applied to temporary or permanent brachytherapy implants for a variety of disease sites. Results: Reducing T from 7 to 0.01 days for a 10 mm plaque produced an average BED benefit of 26%, 20%, and 17% for {sup 103}Pd, {sup 125}I, and {sup 131}Cs, respectively, for all P; 16 and 22 mm plaque results were more position-dependent. {sup 103}Pd produced a 16%-35% BED benefit over {sup 125}I, whereas {sup 131}Cs produced a 3%-7% BED detriment, independent of P, T, and plaque size. Additionally, corresponding organ at risk physical doses were lowest using {sup 103}Pd in all circumstances. Conclusions: The results suggest that shorter implant durations may correlate with more favorable outcomes compared to 7 day implants when treating small or medium intraocular lesions. The data also indicate that implant duration may be safely reduced if the prescription physical dose is likewise diminished and that {sup 103}Pd offers a substantial radiobiological benefit over {sup 125}I and {sup 131}Cs irrespective of plaque position, implant duration, and tumor size.

Gagne, Nolan L.; Leonard, Kara L.; Rivard, Mark J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111 (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2000 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, commonly known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (blocked area). The three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the blocked area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information housed in a central location will allow managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP (NWPPC program measure 10.8B.26) is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the blocked area and the Columbia Basin blocked area management plan (1998). The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of blocked area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the blocked area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. The use of common collection and analytical tools is essential to the process of streamlining joint management decisions. In 1999 and 2000 the project began to address some of the identified data gaps, throughout the blocked area, with a variety of newly developed sampling projects, as well as, continuing with ongoing data collection of established projects.

Crossley, Brian (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA); Lockwood, Jr., Neil W. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Small Residence Multizone Modeling with Partial Conditioning for Energy Effieiency in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to reduce the energy cost of the low-income households in the hot and humid climates of the U.S. and thereby to help them afford comfortable homes. In this perspective, a new HVAC energy saving strategy, i.e. “partial conditioning” was modeled and its potential to reduce the HVAC energy consumption of the low income homes in Texas was quantified. The “partial conditioning” strategy combined three primary ideas: 1) using historic courtyard building schemes to provide a buffer zone between conditioned spaces, 2) zoning and applying occupancy based heating/cooling in each zone, and 3) reusing the conditioned air returning from the occupied zones in the unoccupied zones before it is returned to the system. The study was conducted in four steps: 1) data collection, 2) baseline design and modeling, 3) partial conditioning design and modeling, and 4) analyses and recommendations. First, a site visit was held to the Habitat for Humanity office in Bryan, Texas to collect data on the characteristics of the Habitat for Humanity houses built in Bryan. Second, a base-line Habitat for Humanity house was designed and modeled based on this information along with multiple other resources including International Energy Conservation Code 2012 and Building America benchmark definitions. A detailed comparison was made between the commonly used energy modeling tools (DOE-2.1e, EnergyPlus and TRNSYS) and a modeling method was developed for the estimation of the baseline energy consumption. Third, the “partial conditioning” strategy was introduced into the baseline energy model to simulate a partially conditioned atrium house. As the occupied zone and the direction of the airflow changed throughout the year in the partially conditioned house, this step required an innovative air loop model with interzonal air ducts that allowed for sched- uled bi-directional airflow. This air loop was modeled with the AirflowNetwork model of EnergyPlus. Fourth, the modeling results were analyzed and discussed to determine the performance of the partial conditioning strategy in a hot and humid climate. It was found that partial conditioning strategy can provide substantial (37%-46%) reduction in the overall HVAC energy consumption of small residences (?1,000 ft2) in hot and humid climates while performing better in meeting the temperature set points in each room. It was also found that the quantity of the energy savings that can be obtained with the partial conditioning strategy depends significantly on the ground coupling condition of the house for low rise residential buildings.

Andolsun, Simge

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

An evaluation of the bioclimatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in selected climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be successful in sustainable building design, architects must consider energy efficient design strategies in the early design stage. Unfortunately, many architects still rely on simplified analysis, synthesis techniques, and historical examples. Although, building energy simulations are becoming more common in the design of buildings, architects rarely use simulation in the early design stage. The "Bioclimatic" charts have been used in the early design stage to define potential building design strategies to achieve indoor thermal comfort. Currently, many architects use the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic design chart (Milne and Givoni, 1979), which was developed based on principle reasoning and heuristics. There have been many attempts to develop computerized programs to further the bioclimatic analysis; however, there have been very limited efforts to test and evaluate the design strategies of the chart using simulations of a thermostatically-controlled building. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to promote comfortable buildings that reduce energy use through appropriate building design strategies. The objectives of the research are to develop a more accurate bioclimatic chart for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence by testing and evaluating the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart. The analysis is performed with DOE-2.1e program (Winkelmann, 1993) and TMY2 weather data (Marion and Urban, 1995) for several climates. To achieve these objectives, four main tasks were accomplished: 1) investigate the Givoni-Milne Bioclimatic Chart using representative weather data from several climates, 2) analyze and modify the design strategy boundaries using DOE-2 program and TMY2 weather data to simulate the effects of varied conditions of a thermostatically-controlled residence in different climates, 3) compare these new design strategy boundaries to the original Givoni-Milne design strategy boundaries, and 4) develop general guidelines for the new bioclimatic chart. In summary, there were some differences in the results from the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart and the DOE-2 simulation results. These results imply that without further modification, the G-M Chart may have only a limited use for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence. Therefore, to improve the usefulness of the bioclimatic chart the new bio-climatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in the hot-humid climate of Houston, Texas, was developed. This new bioclimatic chart for a thermostatically-controlled residence will be a useful tool for architects and engineers in the early design stage. Similar versions of the new bioclimatic for other climates could then be developed.

Visitsak, Sopa

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

An Evaluation of the Bioclimatic Chart for Choosing Design Strategies for a Thermostatically-controlled Residence in Selected Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be successful in sustainable building design, architects must consider energy efficient design strategies in the early design stage. Unfortunately, many architects still rely on simplified analysis, synthesis techniques, and historical examples. Although, building energy simulations are becoming more common in the design of buildings, architects rarely use simulation in the early design stage. The “Bioclimatic” charts have been used in the early design stage to define potential building design strategies to achieve indoor thermal comfort. Currently, many architects use the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic design chart (Milne and Givoni, 1979), which was developed based on principle reasoning and heuristics. There have been many attempts to develop computerized programs to further the bioclimatic analysis; however, there have been very limited efforts to test and evaluate the design strategies of the chart using simulations of a thermostatically-controlled building. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to promote comfortable buildings that reduce energy use through appropriate building design strategies. The objectives of the research are to develop a more accurate bioclimatic chart for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence by testing and evaluating the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart. The analysis is performed with DOE-2.1e program (Winkelmann, 1993) and TMY2 weather data (Marion and Urban, 1995) for several climates. To achieve these objectives, four main tasks were accomplished: 1) investigate the Givoni-Milne Bioclimatic Chart using representative weather data from several climates, 2) analyze and modify the design strategy boundaries using DOE-2 program and TMY2 weather data to simulate the effects of varied conditions of a thermostatically-controlled residence in different climates, 3) compare these new design strategy boundaries to the original Givoni-Milne design strategy boundaries, and 4) develop general guidelines for the new bioclimatic chart. In summary, there were some differences in the results from the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart and the DOE-2 simulation results. These results imply that without further modification, the G-M Chart may have only a limited use for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence. Therefore, to improve the usefulness of the bioclimatic chart the new bio-climatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in the hot-humid climate of Houston, Texas, was developed. This new bioclimatic chart for a thermostatically-controlled residence will be a useful tool for architects and engineers in the early design stage. Similar versions of the new bioclimatic for other climates could then be developed.

Visitsak, Sopa

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

An evaluation of the bioclimatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in selected climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be successful in sustainable building design, architects must consider energy efficient design strategies in the early design stage. Unfortunately, many architects still rely on simplified analysis, synthesis techniques, and historical examples. Although, building energy simulations are becoming more common in the design of buildings, architects rarely use simulation in the early design stage. The “Bioclimatic” charts have been used in the early design stage to define potential building design strategies to achieve indoor thermal comfort. Currently, many architects use the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic design chart (Milne and Givoni, 1979), which was developed based on principle reasoning and heuristics. There have been many attempts to develop computerized programs to further the bioclimatic analysis; however, there have been very limited efforts to test and evaluate the design strategies of the chart using simulations of a thermostatically-controlled building. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to promote comfortable buildings that reduce energy use through appropriate building design strategies. The objectives of the research are to develop a more accurate bioclimatic chart for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence by testing and evaluating the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart. The analysis is performed with DOE-2.1e program (Winkelmann, 1993) and TMY2 weather data (Marion and Urban, 1995) for several climates. To achieve these objectives, four main tasks were accomplished: 1) investigate the Givoni-Milne Bioclimatic Chart using representative weather data from several climates, 2) analyze and modify the design strategy boundaries using DOE-2 program and TMY2 weather data to simulate the effects of varied conditions of a thermostatically-controlled residence in different climates, 3) compare these new design strategy boundaries to the original Givoni-Milne design strategy boundaries, and 4) develop general guidelines for the new bioclimatic chart. In summary, there were some differences in the results from the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart and the DOE-2 simulation results. These results imply that without further modification, the G-M Chart may have only a limited use for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence. Therefore, to improve the usefulness of the bioclimatic chart the new bio-climatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in the hot-humid climate of Houston, Texas, was developed. This new bioclimatic chart for a thermostatically-controlled residence will be a useful tool for architects and engineers in the early design stage. Similar versions of the new bioclimatic for other climates could then be developed.

Visitsak, Sopa

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

The Convective System Area Expansion over Amazonia and Its Relationships with Convective System Life Duration and High-Level Wind Divergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between the initial area expansion rate of tropical convective systems and their total life duration are analyzed during the period of the Wet Season Amazon Mesoscale Campaign/Large-Scale Biosphere–Atmosphere (WETAMC/LBA) ...

Luiz Augusto T. Machado; Henri Laurent

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2001 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC). The NPPC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPPC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area and the Columbia Basin Blocked Area Management Plan (1998). The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of seven streams and four lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2000. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in southern Pend Oreille County, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2001. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispell Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); O'Connor, Dick (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Southern Nevada residents` views about the Yucca Mountain high-level nuclear waste repository and related issues: A comparative analysis of urban and rural survey data  

SciTech Connect

two separate surveys were undertaken in 1988 to ascertain southern Nevadans` views about the Yucca Mountain repository and related issues. The first of these studies focused on the attitudes and perceptions of residents in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The second study addressed similar issues, but focused on the views of residents in six rural communities in three counties adjacent to the Yucca Mountain site. However, parallel findings from the two data sets have not been jointly analyzed in order to identify ways in which the views and orientations of residents in the rural and urban study areas may be similar or different. The purpose of this report is to develop and present a comparative assessment of selected issues addressed in the rural and urban surveys. Because both urban and rural populations would potentially be impacted by the Yucca Mountain repository, such an analysis will provide important insights into possible repository impacts on the well-being of residents throughout southern Nevada.

Krannich, R.S.; Little, R.L. [Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States); Mushkatel, A.; Pijawka, K.D.; Jones, P. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Genetic and Phenotypic Catalog of Native Resident Trout of the Interior Columbia River Basin; Populations of the Upper Yakima Basin, 1997-1998 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to photo-document upper Columbia Basin native resident trout populations in Washington, and to ascertain their species or subspecies identity and relative genetic purity using a nonlethal DNA technique.

Trotter, Patrick C. (Fishery Science Consultant, Seattle, WA); McMillan, Bill; Gayeski, Nick (Washington Trout, Duvall, WA)

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

NO CORRELATION BETWEEN HOST GALAXY METALLICITY AND GAMMA-RAY ENERGY RELEASE FOR LONG-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We compare the redshifts, host galaxy metallicities, and isotropic (E{sub {gamma}},iso) and beaming-corrected (E{sub {gamma}}) gamma-ray energy release of 16 long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs) at z gamma}},iso, or E{sub {gamma}}. These results are at odds with previous theoretical and observational predictions of an inverse correlation between gamma-ray energy release and host metallicity, as well as the standard predictions of metallicity-driven wind effects in stellar evolutionary models. We consider the implications that these results have for LGRB progenitor scenarios, and discuss our current understanding of the role that metallicity plays in the production of LGRBs.

Levesque, Emily M.; Kewley, Lisa J. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Soderberg, Alicia M.; Berger, Edo, E-mail: emsque@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: kewley@ifa.hawaii.ed, E-mail: asoderbe@cfa.harvard.ed, E-mail: eberger@cfa.harvard.ed [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden St., MS-20, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

262

CAN STELLAR MIXING EXPLAIN THE LACK OF TYPE Ib SUPERNOVAE IN LONG-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The discovery of supernovae associated with long-duration gamma-ray burst observations is primary evidence that the progenitors of these outbursts are massive stars. One of the principle mysteries in understanding these progenitors has been the fact that all of these gamma-ray-burst-associated supernovae are Type Ic supernovae with no evidence of helium in the stellar atmosphere. Many studies have focused on whether or not this helium is simply hidden from spectral analyses. In this Letter, we show results from recent stellar models using new convection algorithms based on our current understanding of stellar mixing. We demonstrate that enhanced convection may lead to severe depletion of stellar helium layers, suggesting that the helium is not observed simply because it is not in the star. We also present light curves and spectra of these compact helium-depleted stars compared to models with more conventional helium layers.

Frey, Lucille H. [HPC-3, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Fryer, Chris L. [CCS-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Young, Patrick A. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85276 (United States)

2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

263

Reliability measures of second order semi-Markov chain in state and duration with application to wind energy production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the problem of wind energy production using a second order semi-Markov chain in state and duration as a model of wind speed. We present the mathematical model, we describe the data and technical characteristics of a commercial wind turbine (Aircon HAWT-10kW). We show how to compute some of the main dependability measures such as reliability, availability and maintainability functions. We compare the results of the model with real energy production obtained from data available in the Lastem station (Italy) and sampled every 10 minutes. The computation of the dependability measures is a crucial point in the planning and development of a wind farm.

D'Amico, Guglielmo; Prattico, Flavio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Effects of Dissolved Gas Supersaturation on Fish Residing in the Snake and Columbia Rivers, 1996 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Increased spill at dams has commonly brought dissolved gas supersaturation higher than levels established by state and federal water quality criteria in the Columbia and Snake Rivers. These increased spill volumes are intended to provide safe passage for migrating juvenile salmon. However, dissolved gas supersaturation resulting from spill in past decades has led to gas bubble disease (GBD) in fish. Therefore, during the period of high spill in 1996, the authors monitored the prevalence and severity of gas bubble disease by sampling resident fish in Priest Rapids Reservoir and downstream from Bonneville, Priest Rapids, and Ice Harbor Dams.

Schrank, Boyd P.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Codling Moth or Apple Worm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and expense before he harvests the first apple. Ever after his trees are grown and a crop can be expected, bad weather, diseases and pests, or marketing troubles, often throw...

266

A Multiple Watershed Approach to Assessing the Effects of Habitat Restoration Actions on Anadromous and Resident Fish Populations, Technical Report 2003-2004.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Habitat protection and restoration is a cornerstone of current strategies to restore ecosystems, recover endangered fish species, and rebuild fish stocks within the Columbia River Basin. Strategies featuring habitat restoration include the 2000 Biological Opinion on operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS BiOp) developed by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the 2000 Biological Opinion on Bull Trout developed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), and Sub-Basin Plans developed under the Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NWPCC). There is however little quantitative information about the effectiveness of different habitat restoration techniques. Such information is crucial for helping scientists and program managers allocate limited funds towards the greatest benefits for fish populations. Therefore, it is critical to systematically test the hypotheses underlying habitat restoration actions for both anadromous and resident fish populations. This pilot project was developed through a proposal to the Innovative Projects fund of the NWPCC (ESSA 2002). It was funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) following reviews by the Independent Scientific Review Panel (ISRP 2002), the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority (CBFWA 2002), the NWPCC and BPA. The study was designed to respond directly to the above described needs for information on the effectiveness of habitat restoration actions, including legal measures specified in the 2000 FCRPS BiOp (RPA 183, pg. 9-133, NMFS 2000). Due to the urgency of addressing these measures, the timeline of the project was accelerated from a duration of 18 months to 14 months. The purpose of this pilot project was to explore methods for evaluating past habitat restoration actions and their effects on fish populations. By doing so, the project will provide a foundation of retrospective analyses, on which to build prospective, multi-watershed designs for future habitat restoration actions. Such designs are being developed concurrently with this project by several other groups in the Columbia Basin (RME Workgroup 2003, NMFS 2003, Hillman and Paulsen 2002, Hillman 2003). By addressing questions about habitat restoration and monitoring (in coordination with other related efforts), we hope that this project will catalyze a shift in the Basin's paradigm of habitat restoration, moving from implementation of individual watershed projects towards rigorously designed and monitored, multiwatershed, adaptive management experiments. The project involved three phases of work, which were closely integrated with various related and ongoing efforts in the region: (1) Scoping - We met with a Core Group of habitat experts and managers to scope out a set of testable habitat restoration hypotheses, identify candidate watersheds and recommend participants for a data evaluation workshop. (2) Data Assembly - We contacted over 80 scientists and managers to help evaluate the suitability of each candidate watershed's historical data for assessing the effectiveness of past restoration actions. We eventually settled on the Yakima, Wenatchee, Clearwater, and Salmon subbasins, and began gathering relevant data for these watersheds at a workshop with habitat experts and managers. Data assembly continued for several months after the workshop. (3) Data Analysis and Synthesis - We explored statistical approaches towards retrospectively analyzing the effects of restoration 'treatments' at nested spatial scales across multiple watersheds (Chapters 2-5 of this report). These analyses provided a foundation for identifying existing constraints to testing restoration hypotheses, and opportunities to overcome these constraints through improved experimental designs, monitoring protocols and project selection strategies (Chapters 6 and 7 of this report). Finally, we developed a set of recommendations to improve the design, implementation, and monitoring of prospective habitat restoration programs in the Columbia River Basin (Chapter 8).

Marmorek, David

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Wind Turbine Generator System Duration Test Report for the Gaia-Wind 11 kW Wind Turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This test was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. This project was established to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. In total, five turbines are being tested at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NRELs) National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) as a part of this project. Duration testing is one of up to five tests that may be performed on the turbines, including power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality tests. The results of the testing will provide the manufacturers with reports that may be used for small wind turbine certification. The test equipment includes a Gaia-Wind 11 kW wind turbine mounted on an 18 m monopole tower. Gaia-Wind Ltd. manufactured the turbine in Denmark, although the company is based in Scotland. The system was installed by the NWTC Site Operations group with guidance and assistance from Gaia-Wind.

Huskey, A.; Bowen, A.; Jager, D.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Copyright ? The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences ? BRIEF COMMUNICATION? Biological Profiles of Korean Atomic Bomb Survivors in Residence at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1945, many Koreans, in addition to Japanese, were killed or injured by the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. This study compared the biological profiles of Korean atomic bomb survivors in residence at Daegu and Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea with those of a representative sample of Koreans obtained during a similar period. We evaluated anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, blood cell counts, blood chemistry, and urinalysis of survivors (n=414) and age- and sex-matched controls (n=414) recruited from the third Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2005. Univariate analyses revealed significantly higher systolic blood pressure, white blood cell count, and serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and aspartate aminotransferase levels (patomic bomb survivors were adversely affected by radiation exposure.

Republic Of Korea; Hyung-joon Jhun; Byoung-gwon Kim; Bon-min Koo; Jin-kook Kim

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Statewide Electricity and Demand Capacity Savings from the Implementation of IECC Code in Texas: Analysis for Single-Family Residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents estimates of the statewide electricity and electric demand savings achieved from the adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for single-family residences in Texas and includes the corresponding increase in construction costs over the eight-year period from 2002 through 2009. Using the Energy Systems Laboratory's International Code Compliance Calculator (IC3) simulation tool, the annual statewide electricity savings in 2009 are estimated to be $161 million. The statewide peak electric demand reductions in 2009 are estimated to be 694 MW for the summer and 766 MW for the winter periods. Since 2002, the cumulative statewide electricity and electric demand savings over the eight year period from 2002 to 2009 are $1,803 million ($776 million from electricity savings and $1,027 million from electric demand savings) while the total increased costs are estimated to be $670 million.

Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Idaho Water Rental Pilot Project probability/coordination study resident fish and wildlife impacts, Phase III. Annual report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Phase III began in 1995 with the overall goal of quantifying changes in resident fish habitat in the Snake River basin upstream of Brownlee Reservoir resulting from the release of salmon flow augmentation water. Existing data, in the form of weighted usable area versus flow relationships, were used to estimate habitat changes for white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)in the Snake River between C.J. Strike Dam and Brownlee pool. The increased flows resulted in increased white sturgeon habitat for most life stages. Rainbow trout adult and spawning habitat increased while juvenile and fry habitat generally decreased. Whether or not these short term increases in habitat result in long term benefits to the fish populations has yet to be determined.

Leitzinger, E.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Effects of Dissolved Gas Supersaturation on Fish Residing in the Snake and Columbia Rivers, 1997 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Large amounts of spill at dams has commonly generated levels of dissolved gas supersaturation that are higher than levels established by state and federal agencies setting criteria for acceptable water quality in the Columbia and Snake Rivers. Large spill volumes are sometimes provided voluntarily to increase the proportion of migrating juvenile salmon that pass dams through nonturbine routes. However, total dissolved gas supersaturation (TDGS) resulting from spill in past decades has led to gas bubble disease (GBD) in fish. Therefore, during the period of high spill in 1997, the authors monitored the prevalence and severity of gas bubble disease by sampling resident fish in Ice Harbor reservoir and downstream from Ice Harbor and Bonneville Dams.

Ryan, Brad A.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

New approach of determinations of earthquake moment magnitude using near earthquake source duration and maximum displacement amplitude of high frequency energy radiation  

SciTech Connect

The new approach method to determine the magnitude by using amplitude displacement relationship (A), epicenter distance ({Delta}) and duration of high frequency radiation (t) has been investigated for Tasikmalaya earthquake, on September 2, 2009, and their aftershock. Moment magnitude scale commonly used seismic surface waves with the teleseismic range of the period is greater than 200 seconds or a moment magnitude of the P wave using teleseismic seismogram data and the range of 10-60 seconds. In this research techniques have been developed a new approach to determine the displacement amplitude and duration of high frequency radiation using near earthquake. Determination of the duration of high frequency using half of period of P waves on the seismograms displacement. This is due tothe very complex rupture process in the near earthquake. Seismic data of the P wave mixing with other wave (S wave) before the duration runs out, so it is difficult to separate or determined the final of P-wave. Application of the 68 earthquakes recorded by station of CISI, Garut West Java, the following relationship is obtained: Mw = 0.78 log (A) + 0.83 log {Delta}+ 0.69 log (t) + 6.46 with: A (m), d (km) and t (second). Moment magnitude of this new approach is quite reliable, time processing faster so useful for early warning.

Gunawan, H.; Puspito, N. T.; Ibrahim, G.; Harjadi, P. J. P. [ITB, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Tecnology (Indonesia); BMKG (Indonesia)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

273

TRACER: an EXCEL workbook to calculate mean residence time in groundwater by use of tracers CFC-11, CFC-12 and tritium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An EXCEL workbook is presented for calculating the mean residence time of groundwater based on the environmental tracers, tritium, CFC-11 and CFC-12. The program TRACER is written in Visual Basic for Application language and uses piston, exponential, ... Keywords: environmental tracer, exit-age distribution, exponential model, piston flow, turnover time

Serdar Bayari

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Using a three-dimensional particle-tracking model to estimate the residence time and age of water in a tidal estuary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional hydrodynamic model that includes a Lagrangian particle-tracking simulation was applied to the Danshuei River estuarine system in northern Taiwan. The model's accuracy was validated with data from 1999; the results from the model agreed ... Keywords: Age, Currents, Freshwater discharge, Models, Particle tracking, Residence time, Salinity

Wen-Cheng Liu; Wei-Bo Chen; Ming-Hsi Hsu

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Annual Report on Resident Fish Activities, 1985 Fiscal Year, Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, Action Item 41.8.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report addresses the status for resident fish projects currently implemented by the Bonneville Power Administration under the amended Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Projects that have been in place for a sufficient length of time are discussed in greater detail with a brief evaluation presented.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

CIRES/SWPC Research Associate CIRES invites applications to fill a research associate position resident at the Space Weather Prediction Center to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resident at the Space Weather Prediction Center to support the recently announced DSCOVR solar wind mission. SWPC will be receiving calibrated, processed data in near-real-time from the DSCOVR solar wind plasma and magnetometer instruments. CIRES is looking for applicants capable of producing science quality space weather

Colorado at Boulder, University of

277

Relationship between leukemia incidence and residing and/or working near the Pilgrim 1 nuclear power plant in Plymouth, Massachusetts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To determine whether a strong association between leukemia incidence between 1978 and 1986 and potential for exposure to radiation emitted from the Pilgrim 1 nuclear power plant in Plymouth, Massachusetts was a spurious finding resulting from either (1) failure to account for temporal variation in the level of radioactivity released from the plant or (2) inattention to certain potentially confounding factors, additional age/sex-matched case-control analyses controlled for the effects of socioeconomic status (SES), work history, and cigarette smoking were performed with data collected in the Southeastern Massachusetts Health Investigation -- a study of leukemia among residents aged 13 and older of 22 southeastern Massachusetts towns. None of the additional analyses, including incorporation of emissions data into the exposure-assessment scheme and crude attempts to control for (1) medical-radiation exposure, (2) potential for exposure to pesticides sprayed on cranberry bogs, or (3) workplace exposure to radiation, chemical solvents, dust, or fumes, altered the finding of a statistically significant dose-response relationship between leukemia incidence and potential for exposure to radioactive emissions. The trend in the association over time was not entirely consistent, however, with the hypothesis that unusually large amounts of radioactivity reportedly released from the plant during the mid-1970s were responsible for the observed effects. Recommendations were made for further study of the Plymouth-area population for studies of this problem elsewhere.

Morris, M.S.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Estimated effective dose rates from radon exposure in workplaces and residences within Los Alamos county in New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Many millions of office workers are exposed to radon while at work and at home. Though there has been a multitude of studies reporting the measurements of radon concentrations and potential lung and effective doses associated with radon and progeny exposure in homes, similar studies on the concentrations and subsequent effective dose rates in the workplace are lacking. The purposes of this study were to measure radon concentrations in office and residential spaces in the same county and explore the radiation dose implications. Sixty-five track-etch detectors were deployed in office spaces and 47 were deployed in residences, all within Los Alamos County, New Mexico, USA. The sampling periods for these measurements were generally about three months. The measured concentrations were then used to calculate and compare effective dose rates resulting from exposure while at work and at home. Results showed that full-time office workers receive on average about nine times greater exposure at home than while in the office (691 mrem yr{sup -1} versus 78 mrem yr{sup -1}). The estimated effective dose rate for a more homebound person was 896 mrem yr{sup -1}. These effective dose rates are contrasted against the 100 mrem yr{sup -1} threshold for regulation of a 'radiological worker' defined in the Department of Energy regulations occupational exposure and the 10 mrem yr{sup -1} air pathway effective public dose limit regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Whicker, Jeffrey J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcnaughton, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Estimation of Citation-Based Scholarly Activity Among Radiation Oncology Faculty at Domestic Residency-Training Institutions: 1996-2007  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Advancement in academic radiation oncology is largely contingent on research productivity and the perceived external influence of an individual's scholarly work. The purpose of this study was to use the Hirsch index (h-index) to estimate the research productivity of current radiation oncology faculty at U.S. academic institutions between 1996 and 2007. Methods and Materials: We performed bibliometric citation database searches for available radiation oncology faculty at domestic residency-training institutions (n = 826). The outcomes analyzed included the total number of manuscripts, total number of citations, and the h-index between 1996 and 2007. Analysis of overall h-index rankings with stratification by academic ranking, junior vs. senior faculty status, and gender was performed. Results: Of the 826 radiation oncologists, the mean h-index was 8.5. Of the individuals in the top 10% by the h-index, 34% were chairpersons, 88% were senior faculty, and 13% were women. A greater h-index was associated with a higher academic ranking and senior faculty status. Recursive partitioning analysis revealed an h-index threshold of 15 (p <0.0001) as an identified breakpoint between the senior and junior faculty. Overall, women had lower h-indexes compared with men (mean, 6.4 vs. 9.4); however, when stratified by academic ranking, the gender differential all but disappeared. Conclusion: Using the h-index as a partial surrogate for research productivity, it appears that radiation oncologists in academia today comprise a prolific group, however, with a highly skewed distribution. According to the present analysis, the h-index correlated with academic ranking. Thus, it potentially has utility in the process of promotion decisions. Overall, women in radiation oncology were less academically productive than men; the possible reasons for the gender differential are discussed.

Choi, Mehee [Department of Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR (United States); Fuller, Clifton D. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Division of Radiological Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States); Department of Radiology, Division of Radiological Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States); Thomas, Charles R. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR (United States)], E-mail: thomasch@ohsu.edu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Is Biochemical Response More Important Than Duration of Neoadjuvant Hormone Therapy Before Radiotherapy for Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer? An Analysis of the 3- Versus 8-Month Randomized Trial  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To ascertain whether biochemical response to neoadjuvant androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) before radiotherapy (RT), rather than duration, is the critical determinant of benefit in the multimodal treatment of localized prostate cancer, by comparing outcomes of subjects from the Canadian multicenter 3- vs 8-month trial with a pre-RT, post-hormone PSA (PRPH-PSA) <=0.1 ng/ml vs those >0.1 ng/ml. Methods and Materials: From 1995 to 2001, 378 men with localized prostate cancer were randomized to 3 or 8 months of neoadjuvant ADT before RT. On univariate analysis, survival indices were compared between those with a PRPH-PSA <=0.1 ng/ml vs >0.1 ng/ml, for all patients and subgroups, including treatment arm, risk group, and gleason Score. Multivariate analysis identified independent predictors of outcome. Results: Biochemical disease-free survival (bDFS) was significantly higher for those with a PRPH-PSA <=0.1 ng/ml compared with PRPH-PSA >0.1 ng/ml (55.3% vs 49.4%, p = 0.014). No difference in survival indices was observed between treatment arms. There was no difference in bDFS between patients in the 3- and 8-month arms with a PRPH-PSA <=0.1 ng/ml nor those with PRPH-PSA >0.1 ng/ml. bDFS was significantly higher for high-risk patients with PRPH-PSA <=0.1 ng/ml compared with PRPH-PSA >0.1 ng/ml (57.0% vs 29.4%, p = 0.017). Multivariate analysis identified PRPH-PSA (p = 0.041), Gleason score (p = 0.001), initial PSA (p = 0.025), and T-stage (p = 0.003), not ADT duration, as independent predictors of outcome. Conclusion: Biochemical response to neoadjuvant ADT before RT, not duration, appears to be the critical determinant of benefit in the setting of combined therapy. Individually tailored ADT duration based on PRPH-PSA would maximize therapeutic gain, while minimizing the duration of ADT and its related toxicities.

Alexander, Abraham, E-mail: aalexander3@bccancer.bc.c [Radiation Therapy Program, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, University of British Columbia, Victoria, BC (Canada); Crook, Juanita [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, ON (Canada); Jones, Stuart [Radiation Therapy Program, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, University of British Columbia, Victoria, BC (Canada); Malone, Shawn [Department of Radiation Oncology, Ottawa Regional Cancer Center, Ottawa, ON (Canada); Bowen, Julie [Department of Radiation Oncology, Northeastern Ontario Regional Cancer Center, Sudbury, ON (Canada); Truong, Pauline; Pai, Howard; Ludgate, Charles [Radiation Therapy Program, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, University of British Columbia, Victoria, BC (Canada)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Estimates of Energy Cost Savings Achieved from 2009 IECC Code-Compliant, Single Family Residences in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report presents estimates of the energy cost savings to be achieved from 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) code-compliant, single-family residences in Texas compared to the pre-2009 IECC codes, including: the 2001 IECC, the 2006 IECC, and the 2006 IECC w/ Houston amendments (w/ HA). A series of simulations were performed using an ESL simulation model (BDL version 4.01.07 of IC3) based on the DOE-2.1e simulation and the appropriate TMY2 weather files for three counties representing three 2009 IECC Climate Zones across Texas: Harris County for Climate Zone 2, Tarrant County for Climate Zone 3, and Potter County for Climate Zone 4. Two options based on the choice of heating fuel type were considered: (a) an electric/gas house (gas-fired furnace for space heating, and gas water heater for domestic water heating), and (b) a heat pump house (heat pump for space heating, and electric water heater for domestic water heating). The base-case building was assumed to be a 2,325 sq. ft., square-shape, one story, single-family, detached house with a floor-to-ceiling height of 8 feet. The house has an attic with a roof pitched at 23 degrees. The base-case building envelope and system characteristics were determined from the general characteristics and the climate-specific characteristics as specified in the 2001 IECC, the 2006 IECC, the 2006 IECC w/HA, and the 2009 IECC. In addition, to facilitate a better comparison with the 2009 code, several modifications were applied to the pre-2009 IECC codes. As a result, the estimated annual energy cost savings per house associated with the 2009 IECC compared to the 2001 and 2006 IECC are: (a) an electric/gas house: $462/year and $206/year for Harris County, $432/year and $216/year for Tarrant County, and $576/year and $153/year for Potter County and (b) a heat pump house: $490/year and $203/year for Harris County, $487/year and $226/year for Tarrant County, and $680/year and $155/year for Potter County. The corresponding % savings of total energy cost of a 2009 IECC code-compliant house are: (a) an electric/gas house: 22.7% and 10.1% for Harris County, 21.8% and 10.9% for Tarrant County, and 28.9% and 7.7% for Potter County and (b) a heat pump house: 21.6% and 8.9% for Harris County, 20.9% and 9.7% for Tarrant County, and 25.7% and 5.8% for Potter County.

Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

The relationship between the bone mineral density and urinary cadmium concentration of residents in an industrial complex  

SciTech Connect

Background: An association between cadmium exposure and bone mineral density (BMD) has been demonstrated in elderly women, but has not been well studied in youths and men. Some studies report either no or a weak association between cadmium exposure and bone damage. Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the relationship between the urinary cadmium (U-Cd) levels and BMD of females and males of all ages. Methods: A total of 804 residents near an industrial complex were surveyed in 2007. U-Cd and BMD on the heel (non-dominant calcaneus) were analyzed with AAS-GTA and Dual-Energy X-ray absorptiometry, respectively. Demographic characteristics were collected by structured questionnaires. Osteoporosis and osteopenia were defined by BMD cut-off values and T-scores set by the WHO; T score>-1, normal; -2.5=}1.0 {mu}g/g creatinine) in females (OR=2.92; 95% CI, 1.51-5.64) and in males (OR=3.37; 95% CI, 1.09-10.38). With the multiple linear regression model, the BMD of the adult group was negatively associated with U-Cd (<0.05), gender (female, p<0.001) and age (p<0.001). The BMD of participants who were {<=}19 years of age was negatively associated with gender (female, p<0.01), whereas it was positively associated with age and BMI (p<0.001). BMD was not associated with exercise, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, job or parental education. Conclusion: Results suggested that U-Cd might be associated with osteopenia as well as osteoporosis in both male and female adults. Age and female gender were negatively associated with BMD in the adult group, whereas age was positively associated with BMD in the youth group. Cadmium exposure may be a potential risk factor for lower-BMD and osteopenia symptoms as well as for osteoporosis symptoms. - Research Highlights: {yields} The relationship between the urinary cadmium levels and BMD was investigated. {yields} U-Cd was associated with osteopenia and osteoporosis in adults. {yields} Cadmium exposure may be a potential risk factor for lower-BMD and osteopenia.

Shin, Minah; Paek, Domyung [Institute of Health and Environment, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak-599, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)] [Institute of Health and Environment, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak-599, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Chungsik, E-mail: csyoon@snu.ac.kr [Institute of Health and Environment, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak-599, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)] [Institute of Health and Environment, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak-599, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

Modeling household adoption of earthquake hazard adjustments: a longitudinal panel study of Southern California and Western Washington residents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research, aimed at advancing the theory of environmental hazard adjustment processes by contrasting households from three cities in a high seismic hazard area with households from three other cities in a moderate seismic hazard area. It identified seven types of stakeholders namely, the risk area residents and their families (primary group), the news media, employers, and friends (secondary group), and federal, state, and local governments (tertiary group), and explained why they are relevant to the adoption of seismic hazard adjustments. It also addressed three key attributes� knowledge, trustworthiness, and responsibility for protection�ascribed to these multiple stakeholders and the relationships of these stakeholder attributes with risk perception, hazard intrusiveness, hazard experience, gender, resource adequacy, fatalism and hazard adjustment adoption. It was specifically concerned with the effects of nested interactions due to trust and power differentials among the seven stakeholders, with the self reported adoption of 16 earthquake protective measures at two points in time (1997 and 1999). Some of the key findings indicate that risk perception, gender, fatalism, city activity in earthquake management and demographic characteristics did not significantly predict hazard adjustment adoption. However, all stakeholder characteristics had significant positive correlations with risk perception and hazard adjustment, implying a peripheral route for social influence. Hazard intrusiveness, hazard experience, and stakeholder knowledge, trustworthiness, and responsibility affected the increased adoption of hazard adjustments by households. Particularly important are the peer groups� (employers, friends and family) knowledge, trustworthiness and responsibility. These findings suggest, hazard managers cannot count only on the federal, state, and local government advisories put out through the news media to affect community decisions and thereby households� decisions to take protective actions. Instead, hazard managers need to shift focus and work through peer group networks such as service organizations, industry groups, trade unions, neighborhood organizations, community emergency response teams, faith-based organizations, and educational institutions to increase the knowledge, trustworthiness and responsibility of all in the peer group. This will assure higher household hazard adjustment adoption levels, thus facilitating a reduction in post disaster losses and recovery time.

Arlikatti, Sudha S

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

LONG-DURATION X-RAY FLASH AND X-RAY-RICH GAMMA-RAY BURSTS FROM LOW-MASS POPULATION III STARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent numerical simulations suggest that Population III (Pop III) stars were born with masses not larger than {approx}100 M {sub Sun} and typically {approx}40 M {sub Sun }. By self-consistently considering the jet generation and propagation in the envelope of these low-mass Pop III stars, we find that a Pop III blue supergiant star has the possibility of giving rise to a gamma-ray burst (GRB) even though it keeps a massive hydrogen envelope. We evaluate observational characteristics of Pop III GRBs and predict that Pop III GRBs have a duration of {approx}10{sup 5} s in the observer frame and a peak luminosity of {approx}5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 50} erg s{sup -1}. Assuming that the E {sub p}-L {sub p} (or E {sub p}-E {sub {gamma},iso}) correlation holds for Pop III GRBs, we find that the spectrum peak energy falls at approximately a few keV (or {approx}100 keV) in the observer frame. We discuss the detectability of Pop III GRBs by future satellite missions such as EXIST and Lobster. If the E {sub p}-E {sub {gamma},iso} correlation holds, we have the possibility to detect Pop III GRBs at z {approx} 9 as long-duration X-ray-rich GRBs by EXIST. Conversely, if the E {sub p}-L {sub p} correlation holds, we have the possibility to detect Pop III GRBs up to z {approx} 19 as long-duration X-ray flashes by Lobster.

Nakauchi, Daisuke; Kashiyama, Kazumi; Nakamura, Takashi [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Oiwake-cho, Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Suwa, Yudai [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Oiwake-cho, Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Sakamoto, Takanori [Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (CRESST), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

285

Residence time distribution and coherence resonance of optical-feedback-induced polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers  

SciTech Connect

We report on an experimental and theoretical investigation of the residence time distribution (RTD) of the polarization mode-hopping regime in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) subject to optical feedback. The RTD exhibits discontinuity and oscillations, as a result of the fast intensity oscillations at the delay time that accompany the slow mode hopping. We furthermore show numerically that an external noise source on the injection current allows observation of a coherence resonance phenomenon in VCSELs induced by time-delayed feedback.

Panajotov, K.; Tabaka, A.; Thienpont, H.; Veretennicoff, I. [Department of Applied Physics and Photonics (TW-TONA), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Sciamanna, M.; Megret, P.; Blondel, M. [Service d'Electromagnetisme et de Telecommunications, Faculte Polytechnique de Mons (FPMs), Boulevard Dolez 31, B-7000 Mons (Belgium); Giacomelli, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata, Largo Enrico Fermi 6, 50125 Firenze (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia, Unita di Firenze, Florence (Italy); Marin, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia, Unita di Firenze, Florence (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Firenze and LENS, Via Sansone 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI (Italy)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Optimization of pulsed-DEER measurements for Gd-based labels: choice of operational frequencies, pulse durations and positions, and temperature  

SciTech Connect

In this work, the experimental conditions and parameters necessary to optimize the long-distance (? 60 Å) Double Electron-Electron Resonance (DEER) measurements of biomacromolecules labeled with Gd(III) tags are analyzed. The specific parameters discussed are the temperature, microwave band, the separation between the pumping and observation frequencies, pulse train repetition rate, pulse durations and pulse positioning in the electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum. It was found that: (i) in optimized DEER measurements, the observation pulses have to be applied at the maximum of the EPR spectrum; (ii) the optimal temperature range for Ka-band measurements is 14-17 K, while in W-band the optimal temperatures are between 6-9 K; (iii) W-band is preferable to Ka-band for DEER measurements. Recent achievements and the conditions necessary for short-distance measurements (<15 Å) are also briefly discussed.

Raitsimring, Arnold; Astashkin, Andrei V.; Enemark, John H.; Kaminker, Ilia; Goldfarb, Daniella; Walter, Eric D.; Song, Y.; Meade, T. J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

A long-duration flare in the X-ray/EUV selected chromospherically active binary 2RE J0743+224  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2RE J0743+224 (BD +23 1799) is a chromospherically active star selected by X-rays and EUV emission detected in the Einstein Slew Survey and ROSAT Wide Field Camara (WFC) all sky survey, and classified as single-lined spectroscopic binary by (Jeffries et al. 1995). We present here high resolution echelle spectroscopic observations of this binary, obtained during a 10 night run 12-21 January 1998 using the 2.1m telescope at McDonald Observatory. These observations reveal it is a double-lined spectroscopic binary. A dramatic increase in the chromospheric emissions (H_alpha and Ca II IRT lines) is detected during the observations. Several arguments favor the interpretation of this behavior as an unusual long-duration flare. First the temporal evolution of the event is similar to the observed in other solar and stellar flares, with an initial impulsive phase characterized by a strong increase in the chromospheric lines (the H_alpha EW change in a factor of 5 in only one day) and thereafter, the line emission decreased gradually over several days. Second, a broad component in the H_alpha line profile is observed just at the beginning of the event. Third, the detection of the He I D_{3} in emission and a filled-in He I 6678 A. We detect a Li I 6708 A line enhancement which is clearly related with the temporal evolution of the flare. The maximum Li I enhancement occurs just after the maximum chromospheric emission observed in the flare. We suggest that this Li I is produced by spallation reactions in the flare. This is the first time that such LiI enhancement associate with a stellar flare is reported, and probably the long-duration of this flare is a key factor for this detection.

D. Montes; L. W. Ramsey

1998-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

288

Detailed Analysis of the Thermal Mass Credits in a Code-Traceable DOE-2 Simulation of the 2001 IECC for a Single-Family Residence in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a study that investigates the thermal mass credits in the 2001 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) (ICC 1999, 2001) for a single-family residence in Texas using the DOE-2 building energy simulation program. In this analysis seven different wall types were simulated, and each wall type was matched to the recommended overall U-value of a lightweight wall that meets the prescriptive specifications of the 2001 IECC. This paper presents an analysis of the total annual cooling and heating energy use for wall types with varying thermal mass, and thermostat settings, as well as recommendations concerning the most energy-efficient wall type, and includes input specification methods using the DOE-2 program

Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

C:activeprojectsReportseser m220 empdfpdfindev.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUMMARY OF STUDIES INCLUDED IN THE EARTHWORM SUMMARY OF STUDIES INCLUDED IN THE EARTHWORM BIOACCUMULATION DATABASE A-3 A. MODEL DATA Reference: Andersen 1979 Analytes Considered: Pb and Cd Species: A. chlorotica, A. caliginosa, A. longa, A. rosea, and L. terrestris Geographic Location of Study: Denmark Exposure Duration: Resident Worms Depurated: yes Analytical Method: AA spectroscopy Soil Extraction Method: nitric and perchloric acid Soil Characteristics (pH, CEC, % OM, % Clay, etc.) Presented: pH only Purpose of Study: To evaluate the population parameters and uptake of metals by earthworms in areas treated with municipal sewage sludge Study Conclusions: Uptake of lead appears to be related to Ca content of soil. Reference: Andersen and Laursen 1982 Analytes Considered: Ca, Cd, Fe, Pb, Mn, and Zn

290

Super Star Cluster NGC1705-1: A Local Analogue to the Birthsite of Long-duration Gamma-ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent observations suggest that global properties of the host galaxies for long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are particularly well-suited for creating the massive star progenitors of these GRBs. Motivated by the hypothesis that massive young star clusters located in metal-poor, low-metallicity galaxies are a natural birthsite for GRB progenitors, we present a comparison study of the ISM properties along the sightline toward the super star cluster, NGC1705-1, and those in distant GRB hosts. Using the same set of metal transitions in the UV and applying known ISM structures in NGC1705, we find that NGC1705-1 resembles distant GRB host galaxies in its high neutral gas column, low molecular gas fraction, low metallicity, alpha-element enhancement,and low dust depletion. The lack of molecular gas is due to the enhanced UV radiation field in the starburst environment, consistent with the expectations for GRB progenitors. In addition, the known presence of dense neutral gas clouds at rnatural reservoir of C^+, Si^+, and Fe^+ ions that may be subsequently excited by the afterglow UV radiation field to produce excited lines commonly seen in GRB host ISM. We further argue that the apparent offset in the velocity profiles of low- and high-ionization transitions from absorption-line observations alone already offers important clues for related starburst episodes in GRB host galaxies. Our study shows that a statistical comparison between the ISM around star clusters and high-redshift GRB progenitors is important for identifying the key physical parameters that facilitate the formation of GRBs.

Hsiao-Wen Chen; J. X. Prochaska; Joshua S. Bloom

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Individual Radiological Protection Monitoring of Utrok Atoll Residents Based on Whole Body Counting of Cesium-137 (137Cs) and Plutonium Bioassay  

SciTech Connect

This report contains individual radiological protection surveillance data developed during 2006 for adult members of a select group of families living on Utrok Atoll. These Group I volunteers all underwent a whole-body count to determine levels of internally deposited cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) and supplied a bioassay sample for analysis of plutonium isotopes. Measurement data were obtained and the results compared with an equivalent set of measurement data for {sup 137}Cs and plutonium isotopes from a second group of adult volunteers (Group II) who were long-term residents of Utrok Atoll. For the purposes of this comparison, Group II volunteers were considered representative of the general population on Utrok Atoll. The general aim of the study was to determine residual systemic burdens of fallout radionuclides in each volunteer group, develop data in response to addressing some specific concerns about the preferential uptake and potential health consequences of residual fallout radionuclides in Group I volunteers, and generally provide some perspective on the significance of radiation doses delivered to volunteers (and the general Utrok Atoll resident population) in terms of radiological protection standards and health risks. Based on dose estimates from measurements of internally deposited {sup 137}Cs and plutonium isotopes, the data and information developed in this report clearly show that neither volunteer group has acquired levels of internally deposited fallout radionuclides specific to nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands that are likely to have any consequence on human health. Moreover, the dose estimates are well below radiological protection standards as prescribed by U.S. regulators and international agencies, and are very small when compared to doses from natural sources of radiation in the Marshall Islands and the threshold where radiation health effects could be either medically diagnosed in an individual or epidemiologically discerned in a group of people. In general, the results from the whole-body counting measurements of 137Cs are consistent with our knowledge that a key pathway for exposure to residual fallout contamination on Utrok Atoll is low-level chronic uptake of {sup 137}Cs from the consumption of locally grown produce (Robison et al., 1999). The error-weighted, average body burden of {sup 137}Cs measured in Group I and Group II volunteers was 0.31 kBq and 0.62 kBq, respectively. The associated average, annual committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE) delivered to Group I and Group II volunteers from {sup 137}Cs during the year of measurement was 2.1 and 4.0 mrem. For comparative purposes, the annual dose limit for members of the public as recommended by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) and the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) is 100 mrem. Consequently, specific concerns about elevated levels of {sup 137}Cs uptake and higher risks from radiation exposure to Group I volunteers would be considered unfounded. Moreover, the urinary excretion of plutonium-239 ({sup 239}Pu) from Group I and Group II volunteers is statistically indistinguishable. In this case, the error-weighted, average urinary excretion of {sup 239}Pu from Group I volunteers of 0.10 {mu}Bq per 24-h void with a range between -0.01 and 0.23 {mu}Bq per 24-h void compares with an error-weighted average from Group II volunteers of 0.11 {mu}Bq per 24-h void with a range between -0.20 and 0.47 {mu}Bq per 24-h void. The range in urinary excretion of {sup 239}Pu from Utrok Atoll residents is very similar to that observed for other population groups in the Marshall Islands (Bogen et al., 2006; Hamilton et al., 2006a; 2006b; 2006c, 2007a; 2007b; 2007c) and is generally considered representative of worldwide background.

Hamilton, T; Kehl, S; Brown, T; Martinelli, R; Hickman, D; Jue, T; Tumey, S; Langston, R

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

292

Evolutionarily conserved elements in vertebrate, insect, worm, and yeast genomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHAST: Hardware-Accelerated Shortest Path Trees Daniel Delling, Andrew V. Goldberg, Andreas of graphs, including road networks. We call it parallel hardware-accelerated shortest path trees (PHAST). Building on previous work on point-to- point algorithms, PHAST uses contraction hierarchies [8

Batzoglou, Serafim

293

Sloshing response of module-type worm tank - Nuclear Engineering...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Safety Materials Disposition Decontamination & Decommissioning Nuclear Criticality Safety Nuclear Data Program Nuclear Waste Form Modeling Departments Engineering...

294

The Chief Resident Role in Emergency Medicine Residency Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in an extramural training program, and those CRs whorespondents. Extramural training programs for incoming CRsis an integral part of most training programs throughout the

Hafner, John W.; Gardner, Joanna C; Boston, William S; Aldag, Jean C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

William A. Sax Title: Executive-in-Residence Residence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

divided between international and domestic U.S. Direct involvement with oil and gas exploration in U, Netherlands and London, England). · Managed operations and exploration, which discovered and developed oil Entrepreneurship Program). The program started in 1991. #12;2 1955 - 1986: Unocal Corporation · Oil career equally

Ferrari, Silvia

296

Predation by Resident Fish on Juvenile Salmonids in John Day Reservoir: Final Report, 1983-1986: Volume 2: Supplemental Papers and Data Documentation.  

SciTech Connect

In 1982 the NPPC included in its Fish and Wildlife Program measure that called for studies ''... to investigate juvenile salmon and steelhead losses to predators while these fish are migrating through Columbia and Snake River reservoirs.'' In the same year the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) funded ODFW and FWS to conduct collaborative studies to estimate the number of juvenile salmoids lost to predators in John Day Reservoir. Also included as study objectives were: (1) a description of the importance of predation losses relative to mortality at the dam and total reservoir mortality; (2) a description of how predation losses might vary (spatially and temporally); and (3) recommendations of measures to control predation on smolts. We studied four species of predator; northern squawfish, walleye, smallmouth bass, and channel catfish. We selected John Day Reservoir as the study site because the following factors led us to believe if predation was a problem in any reservoir, it would be most obvious there because: (1) the reservoir is an important subyearling chinook rearing area; (2) passage and residualism of juvenile salmonids were considered a problem there; and (3) substantial populations of predators were known to reside in the reservoir. Individual reports were processed separately for the data base.

Poe, Thomas P.; Rieman, Bruce E.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Predation by Resident Fish on Juvenile Salmonids in John Day Reservoir: Final Report, 1983-1986: Volume 1, Final Report of Research.  

SciTech Connect

In 1982 the NPPC included in its Fish and Wildlife Program a measure that called for studies ''... to investigate juvenile salmon and steelhead losses to predators while these fish are migrating through Columbia and Snake River reservoirs.'' In the same year the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) funded ODFW and FWS to conduct collaborative studies to estimate the number of juvenile salmonids lost to predators in John Day Reservoir. Also included as study objectives were: (1) a description of the importance of predation losses relative to mortality at the dam and total reservoir mortality; (2) a description of how predation losses might vary (spatially and temporally); and (3) recommendations of measures to control predation on smolts. We studied four species of predator: northern squawfish, walleye, smallmouth bass, and channel catfish. We selected John Day Reservoir as the study site because the following factors led us to believe if predation was a problem in any reservoir, it would be most obvious there because: (1) the reservoir is an important subyearling chinook rearing area; (2) passage and residualism of juvenile salmonids were considered a problem there; and (3) substantial populations of predators were known to reside in the reservoir. Individual reports were processed separately for the data base.

Poe, Thomas P.; Rieman, Bruce E.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Test for Modeling Windows in DOE 2.1E for Comparing the Window Library with the Shading Coefficient Method for a Single-Family Residence in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines the difference of the window simulation test between the Shading Coefficient (SC) and the Window Library (WL) Methods on DOE 2.1E of the 2000 IECC (International Energy Conservation Code) for single-family residences in Texas. The window simulation tests are performed using single-pane, double-pane, and low-e glass on two standard DOE 2.1E single-family house models: 1) the model which has the R-value for wall, roof and floor according to 2000 IECC (Quick Wall), and 2) the model which has the real wood frame wall and has the same R-value as the first one (Thermal Wall). The analysis showed different results according to the types of the glass, simulation method (Shading Coefficient or Window Library), and types of wall (quick wall and thermal wall). The saving of daily peak heating (kBtu/day) from single-pane to low-e glass on thermal mass and quick wall shows the most variation.

Kim, S.; Haberl, J. S.

2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

299

Orientation for New Residents and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of implementation is suitable for a system running on event­driven foundation classes, such as MFC and JFC. 3 Aspect that increments the in and out counters defined in the cluster. Let B be a Boolean expression (called a guard procedure within the monitor. One condition vari­ able is declared for each guard B in an await statement

Squire, Jeremy

300

Traditional Residence Halls Residential Colleges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,885 Annie Boyd Hall 2-student, suite bath $3,365 2-student, private bath $3,365 Beauregard Hall 2-student

Harms, Kyle E.

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301

Hot Water Electric Energy Use in Single-Family Residences in the Pacific Northwest : Regional End-Use Metering Project (REMP).  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Energy Resources of the Bonneville Power Administration carriers out generation and conservation resource planning. The analysis of historical trends in and determinants of energy consumption is carried out by the office's End-Use Research Section. The End-Use Research Section operates a comprehensive data collection program to provide pertinent information to support demand-side conservation planning, load forecasting, and conservation program development and delivery. Part of this on-going program, commonly known as the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP), was recently renamed the Regional End-Use Metering Project (REMP) to reflect an emphasis on metering rather than analytical activities. REMP is designed to collect electricity usage data through direct monitoring of end-use loads in buildings in the residential and commercial sectors and is conducted for Bonneville by Pacific Northwest Laboratories (Battelle). The detailed summary information in this report is on energy used for water heaters in the residential sector and is based on data collected from September 1985 through December 1990 for 336 of the 499 REMP metered homes. Specific information is provided on annual loads averaged over the years and their variation across residences. Descriptions are given of use as associated with demographic and energy-related characteristics. Summaries are also provided for electricity use by each year, month, and daytype, as well as at peak hot water load and peak system times. This is the second residential report. This report focuses on a specific end use and adds detail to the first report. Subsequent reports are planned on other individual end uses or sets of end uses. 15 refs., 29 figs., 10 tabs.

Taylor, Megan E., Ritland, Keith G., Pratt, R.G.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Increased Levels of Harvest and Habitat Law Enforcement and Public Awareness for Anadromous Salmonids and Resident Fish in the Columbia River Basin -- Demonstration Period, 1992--1994, Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report was funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), US Department of Energy, as part of BPA`s program to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife affected by the development and operation of hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River and its tributaries. Illegal harvest and violation of habitat protection regulations are factors affecting the survival of many native species of anadromous and resident fish in the Columbia Basin.

NeSmith, Frank (Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Boise, ID); Long, Mack (Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Paks, Kalispell, MT); Matthews, Dayne (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Work to save dose: contrasting effective dose rates from radon exposure in workplaces and residences against the backdrop of public and occupational limits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Office workers are exposed to radon while at work and at home. Though there has been a multitude of studies reporting the measurements of radon concentrations and potential lung and effective doses associated with radon and progeny exposure in homes, similar studies on the concentrations and subsequent effective dose rates in the non-mine workplaces are lacking. Additionally, there are few, if any, comparative analyses of radon exposures at more 'typical' workplace with residential exposures within the same county. The purposes of this study were to measure radon concentrations in office and residential spaces in the same county and explore the radiation dose implications. Sixty-five track-etch detectors were deployed in office spaces and 47 were deployed in residences, all within Los Alamos County, New Mexico, USA. The sampling periods for these measurements were generally about three months. The measured concentrations were used to calculate and compare effective dose rates resulting from exposure while at work and at home. Results showed that full-time office workers receive on average about 8 times greater exposure at home than while in the office (2.3 mSv yr-! versus 0.3 mSv yr-!). The estimated effective dose rate for a more homebound person was about 3 mSv yr-!. Estimating effective doses from background radon exposure in the same county as Los Alamos National Laboratory, with thousands of'radiological workers,' highlights interesting contrasts in radiation protection standards that span public and occupational settings. For example, the effective dose rate from background radon exposure in unregulated office spaces ranged up to 1.1 mSv yr-!, which is similar to the 1 mSv yr-! threshold for regulation ofa 'radiological worker,' as defined in the Department of Energy regulations for occupational exposure. Additionally, the estimated average effective dose total of> 3 mSv yf! from radon background exposure in homes stands in contrast to the 0.1 mSv yr-! air pathway effective public dose limit regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency for radioactive air emissions.

Whicker, Jeffrey J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcnaughton, Michael W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

JGI - Why Sequence Alvinella pompejana?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pompeii Worm? Pompeii Worm? Alvinella pompeiiana One of the most thermophilic eukaryotes, Alvinella pompejana, the Pompeii worm, is a resident of the Pacific deep-sea hydrothermal vent area. These worms reside on black smoker chimneys 2500 meters under the ocean surface where they experience (1) the highest temperatures and temperature gradients known for any eukaryote (20-80°C), (2) a toxic soup of heavy metals, and (3) very low pH. Thus their environment is perhaps the most extreme known for any eukaryote. This project unites cDNA sequencing, which is crucial for genetic and protein analysis, with macromolecular structure determination by x-ray crystallography, solution small-angle x-ray scattering, and electron microscopy. Proteins from thermophilic sources, currently limited to unicellular bacteria and archaea, have proven to be

305

Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01: Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 1998 5, 1998 MEMORANDUM FOR: DOE PAAA COORDINATORS CONTRACTOR PAAA COORDINATORS FROM: R. KEITH CHRISTOPHER DIRECTOR OFFICE OF ENFORCEMENT AND INVESTIGATION SUBJECT: Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01: Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) The DOE Enforcement Handbook (1087-95) provides the Office of Enforcement and Investigation with the opportunity to issue interim clarifying guidance occasionally with respect to the processes to be used in this office (see Section 1.3- Interim Enforcement Guidance). In particular, it is important to assist contractors and others on the relationships between the requirements of Part 820 and the Enforcement Policy, 10 CFR 820, Appendix A.

306

Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01, Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10(d)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 1998 5, 1998 MEMORANDUM FOR: DOE PAAA COORDINATORS CONTRACTOR PAAA COORDINATORS FROM: SUBJECT: DIRECTOR OFFICE OF ENFORCEMENT AND INVESTIGATION Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01: Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) The DOE Enforcement Handbook (1087-95) provides the Office of Enforcement and lnvestigation with the opportunity to issue interim clarifying guidance occasionally with respect to the processes to be used in this office (see Section 1.3- Interim Enforcement Guidance). In particular, it is important to assist contractors and others on the relationships between the requirements of Part 820 and the Enforcement Policy, 10 CFR 820, Appendix A. The main purpose of both the regulation and the Enforcement Policy is to assure

307

Multiplexer and time duration measuring circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiplexer device is provided for multiplexing data in the form of randomly developed, variable width pulses from a plurality of pulse sources to a master storage. The device includes a first multiplexer unit which includes a plurality of input circuits each coupled to one of the pulse sources, with all input circuits being disabled when one input circuit receives an input pulse so that only one input pulse is multiplexed by the multiplexer unit at any one time.

Gray, Jr., James (Downers Grove, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Design and Analysis of Salmonid Tagging Studies in the Columbia Basin : Evaluating Wetland Restoration Projects in the Columbia River Estuary using Hydroacoustic Telemetry Arrays to Estimate Movement, Survival, and Residence Times of Juvenile Salmonids, Volume XXII (22).  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wetlands in the Columbia River estuary are actively being restored by reconnecting these habitats to the estuary, making more wetland habitats available to rearing and migrating juvenile salmon. Concurrently, thousands of acoustically tagged juvenile salmonids are released into the Columbia River to estimate their survival as they migrate through the estuary. Here, we develop a release-recapture model that makes use of these tagged fish to measure the success of wetland restoration projects in terms of their contribution to populations of juvenile salmon. Specifically, our model estimates the fraction of the population that enter the wetland, survival within the wetland, and the mean residence time of fish within the wetland. Furthermore, survival in mainstem Columbia River downstream of the wetland can be compared between fish that remained the mainstem and entered the wetland. These conditional survival estimates provide a means of testing whether the wetland improves the subsequent survival of juvenile salmon by fostering growth or improving their condition. Implementing such a study requires little additional cost because it takes advantage of fish already released to estimate survival through the estuary. Thus, such a study extracts the maximum information at minimum cost from research projects that typically cost millions of dollars annually.

Perry, Russell W.; Skalski, John R.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Northern Virginia Residents...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Makeover Contest logo. The Local Energy Alliance Program (LEAP) awarded energy efficiency funding to three households as part of the program's Northern Virginia Home Energy...

310

Gulf Coast Residents Underestimate Hurricane Destructive Potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most people do not realize that hurricane destructiveness increases nonlinearly with increases in storm intensity. Three studies were conducted to examine people’s perceptions of hurricane destructive potential and their likelihood of evacuation. ...

Alan E. Stewart

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Eighteen Local Residents Receive High Honors from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Using teamwork and private-sector partnering, the team built the US Business Development Committees with Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

312

User evaluation study of passive solar residences  

SciTech Connect

Speculation exists regarding the readiness of various passive techniques for commercialization and the market potential for residential applications. This paper discusses the preliminary findings of a market assessment study designed to document user experiences with passive solar energy. Owners and builders of passive solar homes were interviewed and asked to comment on personal experiences with their homes.

Towle, S.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Residents and windows. 1. Shielding of windows  

SciTech Connect

In order to assess the influence of the shielding of windows performed by occupants in residential buildings on the heat balance of the building, the shielding of 40,000 windows was determined by observation during two heating seasons. It is shown that the demand for privacy has a large effect on the degree of window-shielding. There are also indications that many occupants trying to save energy use window-shielding as one of their means to achieve this.

Lyrberg, M.D.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Kalispel Resident Fish Project : Annual Report, 2002.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 2002 the Kalispel Natural Resource Department (KNRD) continued monitoring enhancement projects (implemented from 1996 to 1998) for bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), westslope cutthroat (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Additional baseline fish population and habitat assessments were conducted, in 2002, in tributaries to the Pend Oreille River. Further habitat and fish population enhancement projects were also implemented in 2002.

Andersen, Todd; Olson, Jason

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

108 Local Residents Earn Commerce Department, NIST ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Administrative Assistant; Ellen Y. Emard, Information Specialist; Anne H. Meininger, Technical Information Specialist; Han Thai, Web Programmer ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

316

Residences (R) R1 The University Village  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thomas Paine Study Centre P7 C15 C19 P Nursery drop off P8 ENTRANCE / EXIT BIOMASS KEY Footpath, Café Direct Coffee Shop C12 Union House: Travel Shop, The Hive/LCR, EmployAbility Job Shop, Student

Matthews, Adrian

317

Residences (R) R1 University Village  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

off P8 ENTRANCE / EXIT BIOMASS KEY Footpath/walkway Disabled access Steps Stairway Food outlets Bus House: Travel Shop, The Hive/LCR, EmployAbility Job Shop, Student Union Advice Centre, Union Bars C13

Dixon, Peter

318

Kalispel Resident Fish Project : Annual Report, 1995.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1995 the Kalispel Natural Resource Department (KNRD) in conjunction with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) initiated the implementation of a habitat and population enhancement project for bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Habitat and population assessments were conducted in seven tributaries of the Box Canyon reach of the Pend Oreille River. Assessments were used to determine the types and quality of habitat that were limiting to native bull trout and cutthroat trout populations. Assessments were also used to determine the effects of interspecific competition within these streams. A bull trout and brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) hybridization assessment was conducted to determine the degree of hybridization between these two species. Analysis of the habitat data indicated high rates of sediment and lack of wintering habitat. The factors that contribute to these conditions have the greatest impact on habitat quality for the tributaries of concern. Population data suggested that brook trout have less stringent habitat requirements; therefore, they have the potential to outcompete the native salmonids in areas of lower quality habitat. No hybrids were found among the samples, which is most likely attributable to the limited number of bull trout. Data collected from these assessments were compiled to develop recommendations for enhancement measures. Recommendations for restoration include riparian planting and fencing, instream structures, as well as, removal of non-native brook trout to reduce interspecific competition with native salmonids in an isolated reach of Cee Cee Ah Creek.

Maroney, Joseph; Donley, Christopher; Scott, Jason; Lockwood, Jr., Neil

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Eleven Local Residents Receive High Honors from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ranging from solidification of superalloy turbine blades to solder ... Richard HF Jackson, Director, Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory "For his ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

320

2010-2011 Pediatric Residents Christy Mumphrey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guadalajara Michael Blancaneaux LSUHSC-NO Catherine Durst Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Local Residents Honored with NIST Crittenden Awards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of NIST's accounting system that has played a key role in the agency receiving unqualified audit opinions for its annual financial statement audits. ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

322

MORNINGSIDE An informational newsletter for residents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential buildings on the Morningside campus to using natural gas as the primary fuel source for heat delivery trucks--will cut the University's greenhouse gas emissions and result in a more efficient heating of these buildings the boilers will be converted or replaced so that they can operate on natu- ral gas; the gas

Qian, Ning

323

Kalispel Resident Fish Project : Annual Report, 2008.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 2008, the Kalispel Natural Resource Department (KNRD) continued to implement its habitat enhancement projects for bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) and westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi). Baseline fish population and habitat assessments were conducted in Upper West Branch Priest River. Additional fish and habitat data were collected for the Granite Creek Watershed Assessment, a cooperative project between KNRD and the U.S. Forest Service Panhandle National Forest (FS) . The watershed assessment, funded primarily by the Salmon Recovery Funding Board of the State of Washington, will be completed in 2009.

Andersen, Todd [Kalispel Natural Resource Department

2009-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

324

Single molecule fluorescent in situ hybridization (smFISH) of C. elegans worms and embryos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In C. elegans, the expression pattern of a gene provides important clues to understanding its biological function. To accurately depict endogenous transcriptional activity, a highly sensitive method is required to measure ...

Ji, Ni

325

The Cactus Worm: Experiments with Dynamic Resource Discovery and Allocation in a Grid Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to harness heterogeneous, dynamically available grid resources is attractive to typically resource-starved computational scientists and engineers, as in principle it can increase, by significant factors, the number of cycles that can be delivered ...

Gabrielle Allen; David Angulo; Ian Foster; Gerd Lanfermann; Chuang Liu; Thomas Radke; Ed Seidel; John Shalf

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

High-throughput, single-worm tracking and analysis in Caenorhabditis elegans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

felt lost, he led me back on course to complete the work herein. There is so much more I would love to mention, regarding my thanks for his instruction, but there is insufficient space and I would not even know where to begin. I am forever indebted... , which later led to focused investigation of the underlying mutated genes and eventual elucidation of their function. Numerous examples come as a result of Sydney Benner’s classic work. One particularly early example is the discovery of a gene function...

Yemini, Eviatar

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

327

From worm to human: bioinformatics approaches to identify FOXO target genes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­29. Tiainen, M., Vaahtomeri, K., Ylikorkala, A., Makela, T.P., 2002. Growth arrest by the LKB1 tumor

328

Impact of Duration Thresholds on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Counts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Records of Atlantic basin tropical cyclones (TCs) since the late nineteenth century indicate a very large upward trend in storm frequency. This increase in documented TCs has been previously interpreted as resulting from anthropogenic climate ...

Christopher W. Landsea; Gabriel A. Vecchi; Lennart Bengtsson; Thomas R. Knutson

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

TITLE: Wireless Multimedia Architectures and Applications DURATION: Half day  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

century thinking today. In the first part of the tutorial we will present fundamental technologies of Multimedia Tools and Applications (Kluwer Academic Publishers). He recently completed three handbooks, to be published by the CRC Press, "Handbook of Internet Computing" (2000) "Handbook of Multimedia Computing

Furht, Borko

330

"Dying in Full Detail": Mortality and Duration in Digital Documentary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brief discussion of “death porn,” see Introduction. Sontag,referred to as “death porn. ” Rather than finding creativeabove documentaries do, death porn delights in its graphic

Malkowski, Jennifer Catherine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Characteristics of long-duration inhibitory postsynaptic ... - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowles et al., 1984; Newberry and Nicoll, 1984; Thalmann, 1984), hippocampal granule neurons (Thalmann and Ayala, 1982), neurons in the olfactory cortex.

332

"Dying in Full Detail": Mortality and Duration in Digital Documentary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

criminal trial in 2010. “Iran Doctor Tells of Neda’s Death,”news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8119713.stm “Iran, Tehran: wounded girlMartyrdom in Post-Revolution Iran. Durham: Duke University

Malkowski, Jennifer Catherine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

"Dying in Full Detail": Mortality and Duration in Digital Documentary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

staged human deaths (an electrocution, an alligator attack,During this period, electrocution’s technological innovationpain. ” 84 Two prominent electrocution films, Execution of

Malkowski, Jennifer Catherine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Timing and duration of subsidence due to longwall mining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsidence data gathered by the US Bureau of Mines over a series of longwall panels in the Pittsburgh Coalbed were studied to obtain insight as to the role of time in the subsidence process. It was found that subsidence began essentially with undermining and was completed within 1 year. The progress of the subsidence was dependent upon location above the panel. Subsidence in the central area of the subsidence trough where subsidence is the greatest, was about 90% complete by the time the face had progressed a distance equal to one overburden thickness beyond a particular surface point. For a point over the rib of the longwall panel, the subsidence was only about 60% completed at this time. Data from three other sites in the northern Appalachian Coal Basin were analyzed to determine if an anomaly or the true characteristics of the subsidence process had been observed. All sites behaved similarly in the central portion of the subsidence trough. However, the subsidence of points over and adjacent to the ribs of the longwall panels was site specific. The fact that movement across the width of the panel was not uniform should be taken into account in assessing damages or the potential for damages resulting from mining-induced subsidence.

Jeran, P.W.; Trevits, M.A.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Testing Proportionality in Duration Models with Respect to Continuous Covariates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

xqhpsor|phqw ehqh#15;wv kdyh gl#14;huhqw h#14;hfwv rq wkh kd}dugv iurp xqhpsor|phqwv dv wkh vshoo ohqjwkhqv1 Pruwhqvhq +4<::, suhvhqwv vhdufk wkhruhwlf dujxphqwv rq zk| wklv vkrxog eh vr/ edvhg rq pd{lpxp ehql#15;w shulrgv/ lpso|lqj wkdw wkh lpsdfw...

Bhattacharjee, Arnab; Das, Samarjit

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

336

On burning regimes and long duration X-ray bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen and helium accreted onto a neutron star undergo thermonuclear burning. Explosive burning is observed as a type I X-ray burst. We describe the different burning regimes and focus on some of the current inconsistencies between theory and observations. Of special interest are the rare kinds of X-ray bursts such as carbon-fueled superbursts and helium-fueled intermediately long X-ray bursts. These bursts are thought to originate deeper in the neutron star envelope, such that they are probes of the thermal properties of the crust. We investigate the possibility of observing superbursts with the wide-field instruments INTEGRAL-ISGRI and Swift-BAT. We find that only the brightest bursts are detectable.

L. Keek; J. J. M. in 't Zand

2008-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

337

Detailed Analysis of Thermal Mass Effects in a Code-Traceable DOE-2 Simulation of the 2000 IECC for a Single-Family Residence in Texas: A Project for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Nonattainment and Affected Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines the thermal mass effects in a code-traceable DOE-2 simulation of the 2000 IECC (International Energy Conservation Code) for a single-family residence in Texas. This report is composed of two major simulations: 1) the simulation according to the location of the insulation of IECC2000, and 2) the simulation according to the types of real brick and block walls which are practically used at the residential house. In this study, the 2000 IECC was used to develop the base case simulation model in Houston, Texas. The DOE-2 energy simulation program was used to analyze changes to the annual energy use caused by changing various building materials. The best energy conservative material layout was then chosen that contained reduced annual energy use, peak cooling and heating loads, and peak day electricity use.

Kim, S.; Haberl, J. S.

2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

338

ELECTRICITY CASE: ECONOMIC COST ESTIMATION FACTORS FOR ECONOMIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of numbers of people affected DRAFT #12;6 · costs per hour of disruption or outage are used in conjunction with consequences in terms of duration, which is particularly common in electric power outages · costs per dollar for residences. Per Unit of Duration of Outage Duration as an influence in the cost of outages has received a lot

Wang, Hai

339

Patient Perceptions of Resident Interpersonal and Communication Skills in the Emergency Department; An Analysis by Post-Graduate Year of Emergency Medicine Residents and Off-Service Residents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interns, regardless of training program, to have better ICSdiffer between training programs [emergency medicine (EM) v.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

What are the lighting requirements for residences? | Building...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lamps (2009 IECC, Section 404.1). The 2012 IECC has increased the minimum percentage from 50% to 75%, along with an exception for low-voltage lighting (2012 IECC,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

GCHP Results in Net-Zero Energy Residence in Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Water Heater · Lighting Fixtures: LED · Solar Photo-voltaic System: 5.94kW · Home Energy (Q value) · Low-e Windows: · Natural Ventilation System: Ducted · Domestic Hot Water: Instantaneous · Advanced Ambient Light Sensor Control · Lithium Battery Storage System · Solar Thermal Heat Collector: 4m2

342

Motivating Residents to Conserve Energy Without Financial Incentives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

16, 235-246. Staats, H.J., Wit, A.P., & Midden, C.Y.H. (1996). Communicating the greenhouse effect to the public: Evaluation of a mass media campaign from a social dilemma...

343

Affordable luxury resort residences for the Baby Boomers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to determine the business viability of Oasis Destination Club, the first destination club designed entirely for the upper middle income baby boomer. The baby boomer generation is the largest ...

Boyer, Mark Valdez

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

for all Student Housing residents IN A COMMUNITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that research suggests will be most common during the flu season. Vaccination is especially important for people and dressers off the street; steer clear of yard sales or flea markets; never buy used bedding. · If you dry, opening windows and running fans to ventilate areas, letting as much natural light as possible

Hammock, Bruce D.

345

Kentucky Residents Cash in on Rebate Program | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program September 9, 2010 - 6:30pm Addthis Air-conditioning units are just one of 16 appliances that the Kentucky Appliance Rebate program supports.| File photo Air-conditioning...

346

35 Local Residents Earn NIST Bronze Medal Awards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... creating an international database of measurement ... effective and efficient management systems. ... for maintaining stable environmental conditions in ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

347

ENERGY STAR Score for Residence Halls/ Dormitories | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal agency resources Grocery & convenience stores resources Healthcare resources Higher education resources Home-based business resources Hospitality resources Industrial...

348

Study on TOU Price Implantation Effect on Huainan Resident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time-of-use (TOU) tariff is an important means toad just the residential electricity consumption behavior and reduce the difference between the peak and valley load. This paper sets up a residential electricity consumption inclination model by extracting ... Keywords: TOU electricity price, Valley quantity coefficient, Peak shifting, valley filling, Electricity costs

Li Mei; Wan Qiulan

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Ultrafine particle concentrations and exposure in seven residences...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unvented natural-gas pilot lights contributed up to 19% to exposure for the two households where present. Episodic indoor source activities, most notably cooking, caused the...

350

VASDHS/UCSD CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY POSTDOCTORAL RESIDENCY PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Anxiety, Geropsychology and Home-based Care, Mood Disorders and Suicidality, OEF/OIF/OND PTSD, and Family

Squire, Larry R.

351

Gardens of an Historic Cowper Street Residence [Speaking of Places  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were sources of leather, tallow and meat that could be soldleather processed, and tallow made. Much of the romance

Roberts, John N

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Kentucky Residents Cash in on Rebate Program | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and even to solar water heaters and geothermal heat pumps. So far, Kentucky's energy efficient appliance rebate program has issued nearly 29,500 rebates to Kentucky...

353

Kootenai River Resident Fish Assessment, FY2008 KTOI Progress Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overarching goal of project 1994-049-00 is to recover a productive, healthy and biologically diverse Kootenai River ecosystem, with emphasis on native fish species rehabilitation. It is especially designed to aid the recovery of important fish stocks, i.e. white sturgeon, burbot, bull trout, kokanee and several other salmonids important to the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho and regional sport-fisheries. The objectives of the project have been to address factors limiting key fish species within an ecosystem perspective. Major objectives include: establishment of a comprehensive and thorough biomonitoring program, investigate ecosystem--level in-river productivity, test the feasibility of a large-scale Kootenai River nutrient addition experiment (completed), to evaluate and rehabilitate key Kootenai River tributaries important to the health of the lower Kootenai River ecosystem, to provide funding for Canadian implementation of nutrient addition and monitoring in the Kootenai River ecosystem (Kootenay Lake) due to lost system productivity created by construction and operation of Libby Dam, mitigate the cost of monitoring nutrient additions in Arrow Lakes due to lost system productivity created by the Libby-Arrow water swap, provide written summaries of all research and activities of the project, and, hold a yearly workshop to convene with other agencies and institutions to discuss management, research, and monitoring strategies for this project and to provide a forum to coordinate and disseminate data with other projects involved in the Kootenai River basin.

Holderman, Charles

2009-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

354

A Survey of Graduating Emergency Medicine Residents’ Experience with Cricothyrotomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

States anesthesiology training programs. J Clin Anesth. 21.Medicine complete EM training programs in 2011, yielding aoutside their EM training programs. Since cricothyrotomy is

Makowski, Andrew L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Rebuttal: Advantages of a Four-Year Residency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

year primary care training programs. In summary, although wedependent on individual training programs, are of interest3 and 2-4 programs. Only true four- year EM training was

Langdorf, Mark; Lotfipour, Shahram

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Orientationfor New Residents and Fellows at the University of Toronto  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and ERS1 as marker genes for the ethylene response, PIN1 and IAA19 for the auxin response, MFC19 expressed in the guard cells and affects the stomatal response to ABA: guard cells of the dor mutant SCFDOR activity could result in increased ABA sensitivity in the guard cells, which would in turn explain

Squire, Jeremy

357

Nuclear radiation awareness for residents of Cascade County-Montana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The potential of a radiation mishap is real and lack of public awareness only potentiates the devastating outcomes on the citizens in the effected area… (more)

Strand, Aven Lynn.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

City and County of Denver - Denver Energy Challenge for Residents...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(DSIRE)1 Summary The City and County of Denver are providing rebates to Denver homeowners through the Denver Energy Challenge. To be eligible, participants must first sign up...

359

Project Res-IDENT: Qualitative Assessment of Home Networking Appliances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While people appreciate the "money saving" aspects of new household appliances, they are more motivated by the "extra time, less hassle, more comfort, peace of mind" benefits these appliances confer. This study explored consumer interest in home management technologies including an Energy Network Computer (EnergyNC) based on the network computer that would allow customers to manage and monitor their energy use through a wireless keyboard and TV set top box connected to the Internet via standard telephone...

1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

360

Commissioning High Performance Residences in Hot, Humid Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 2001, the authors have engaged several builders in the Gainesville, FL area to build over 500 high performance new energy efficient homes in multiple sub divisions. The builders keep building to increased levels of energy efficiency. Each home is individually designed, inspected, rated and commissioned for optimum performance. This paper summarizes the experiences to date with two production builders who have cost shared with the Building America program to deliver these outstanding results. Keys to success are commitment from the final decision maker; scopes of work for subcontractors with specific performance criteria; clear communication with the trades often accompanied by training and education activities; independent third party testing, commissioning and feedback to building; ongoing training of sales staff and model center displays and finally extensive marketing that educated the consumers about the benefits of high performance homes.

Fonorow, K.; Chandra, S.; McIlvaine, J.; Colon, C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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361

Duck Valley Resident Fish Stocking Program, 2000 Final Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Shoshone-Paiute Tribes fish-stocking program was begun in 1988 and is intended to provide a subsistence fishery for the tribal members. The program stocks catchable and fingerling size trout in Mt. View and Sheep Creek Reservoirs. Rainbow trout are purchased from only certified disease-free facilities to be stocked in our reservoirs. This project will help restore a fishery for tribal members that historically depended on wild salmon and steelhead in the Owyhee and Bruneau Rivers and their tributaries for their culture as well as for subsistence. This project is partial substitution for loss of anadromous fish production due to construction and operation of hydroelectric dams on the Columbia and Snake Rivers. Until anadromous fish can be returned to the Owyhee and Bruneau Rivers this project will continue indefinitely. As part of this project the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes will also receive income in the form of fees from non-tribal members who come to fish these reservoirs. Regular monitoring and evaluation of the fishery will include sampling for length/weight/condition and for signs of disease. A detailed Monitoring and evaluation plan has been put in place for this project. However due to budget limitations on this project only the fishery surveys and limited water quality work can be completed. A creel survey was initiated in 1998 and we are following the monitoring and evaluation schedule for this program (as budget allows) as well as managing the budget and personnel. This program has been very successful in the past decade and has provided enjoyment and sustenance for both tribal and non-tribal members. All biological data and stocking rates will be including in the Annual reports to Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Dodson, Guy; Pero, Vincent

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Management Training for Pathology Residents: A Regional Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a didactic management training program for the residentsportion of the management training program described herein 2 other training programs had occa- sional management

Wagar, E A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Standby power consumption in U.S. residences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

{open_quotes}Leaking electricity{close_quotes} is the electricity consumed by appliances while they are switched {open_quotes}off{close_quote} or not performing their principal function. Leaking electricity represents approximately 5 % of U.S. residential electricity. This is a relatively new phenomenon and is a result of proliferation of electronic equipment in homes. The standby losses in TVs, VCRs, compact audio systems, and cable boxes account for almost 40% of all leaking electricity. There is a wide range in standby losses in each appliance group. For example, standby losses in compact audio systems range from 2.1 to 28.6 W, even though their features are identical. In some cases, leaking electricity while switched off was only slightly less than energy consumption in the on mode. New features in these appliances may greatly increase leaking electricity, such as electronic program guides in TVs and cable boxes. In the standby mode, these new features require many extra components energized to permit the downloading of information. Several techniques are available to cut standby losses, most without using any new technologies. Simple redesign of circuits to avoid energizing unused components appears to save the most energy. A separate power supply, precisely designed for the actual power needed, is another solution. A switch mode power supply can substitute for the less efficient linear power supply. Switch mode power supplies cut no-load and standby losses by 60-80%. The combination of these techniques can cut leaking electricity by greater than 75%.

Huber, W.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Management Training for Pathology Residents: A Regional Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RFI, RFP) Maintenance Supply management Contract services (Record maintenance, risk management * RFI indicates request

Wagar, E A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Politics and Emergency Medicine - An Essential Lesson for Every Resident  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and guide the future of emergency medicine. Volume XII, no .s S ection Politics and Emergency Medicine - An EssentialMedicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Orange, CA Every

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

VINOD NAMBOODIRI Status: U.S. Permanent Resident  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a Communication Infrastructure for the Distribution Level of the Smart Grid". 4. Anbarasan Shenbagraj, Vamshi R as it applies to Smart Grids and Green Computing Education · Ph.D. in Electrical and Computer Engineering and Awards · Research work on the use of wireless technologies for metering in smart grids was noticed

Namboodiri, Vinod

367

Population dynamics and movements of the Kemp's ridley sea turtle, lepidochelys kempii, in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kemp’s ridley sea turtle, Lepidochelys kempii, is recovering from devastating declines that reduced nesting activity from a single-day estimate of 10,000- 40,000 females in 1947 to fewer than 300 during all of 1985. Nesting beach monitoring is crucial to estimating population size and reproductive activity, but in-water data are essential for understanding population dynamics and evaluating management strategies. Hook-and-line, stranding, and nesting records, satellite telemetry, and diet analyses were used to characterize ridley population dynamics and movements in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico during 2003-2007. Recreational hook-and-line captures comprised approximately one third of non-nesting encounters along Galveston and Jefferson Counties, Texas. The hook-and-line dataset displayed similar geographical and monthly trends to that of strandings, but was devoid of pelagic-stage, subadult, and adult ridleys. Coastal and bay waters along the upper Texas and western Louisiana coasts were utilized by immature ridleys during warmer months. Nesting occurred along Galveston Island on both armored and unarmored beaches. Inter-nesting females exhibited fidelity to Galveston during nesting season and subsequently migrated to federal waters offshore Louisiana. Crabs were important components of benthic-stage (>25 cm SCL) ridley diet, while worm tubes were targeted by some individuals. Short satellite track durations for immature ridleys precipitated examinations of biofouling, attachment protocols, and turtle excluder device (TED) interactions. Antifouling paints drastically reduced fouling of transmitters. A less-rigid neoprene attachment method was developed to increase transmitter retention on fast-growing juveniles, but further trials are necessary. Transmitters were not damaged or lost during TED trials, but turtle escape times increased when transmitters wedged between TED bars. Projected population growth will increase numbers of Kemp’s ridleys utilizing the Gulf of Mexico and interacting with human activities. Future research should examine year-round distribution and abundance of all life history stages and further characterize recreational hook-and-line capture, nesting activity, movements, and diet. Education efforts targeting the beach-going public, beach residents and workers, and the recreational fishing sector should be employed to promote sea turtle reporting and minimize negative interactions. State and federal managers should examine anthropogenic impacts within the region and determine the need for mitigation and/or regulations to promote continued species recovery.

Seney, Erin Elizabeth

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Parallel evolution of conserved non-coding elements that target a common set of developmental regulatory genes from worms to humans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHA- 4. Dev Biol 2004, 266(2):388-398. 4. Wenick AS, Hobert O: Genomic cis-regulatory architecture and trans-acting regulators of a single interneuron-specific gene battery in C. elegans. Dev Cell 2004, 6(6):757-770. 5. Hwang SB, Lee J: Neuron cell... Genefinder coding_exon * Genefinder exon * history CDS history coding_exon * history exon * history Transcript history Pseudogene Pseudogene exon * Pseudogene Pseudogene inverted inverted_repeat RepeatMasker repeat...

Vavouri, Tanya; Walter, Klaudia; Gilks, Walter R; Lehner, Ben; Elgar, Greg

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

369

Low frequency long duration blast vibrations and their effect on residential structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study was conducted at a coal mine in India which produces 10 million tonne of coal and 27 million cubic meter of overburden per annum. Detonation of 100 tonnes of explosives in a blasting round is a common practice of the mine. These large sized blasts often led to complaints from the nearby inhabitants regarding ground vibrations and their affects on their houses. Eighteen dragline blasts were conducted and their impacts on nearby structures were investigated. Extended seismic arrays were used to identify the vibration characteristics within a few tens of meters of the blasts and also as modified by the media at distances over 5 km. 10 to 12 seismographs were deployed in an array to gather the time histories of vibrations. A signature blast was conducted to know the fundamental frequency of the particular transmitting media between the blast face and the structures. The faster decay of high frequency components was observed. It was also observed that at distances of 5 km, the persistence of vibrations in the structures was substantially increased by more than 10 seconds. The proximity of the frequency of the ground vibration to the structure's fundamental frequencies produced the resonance in the structures. On the basis of the fundamental frequency of the structures, the delay interval was optimized, which resulted in lower amplitude and reduced persistence of vibration in the structures. 9 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

Roy, M.P.; Sirveiya, A.K.; Singh, P.K. [Central Mining Research Institute, Dhanbad (India). Blasting Dept.

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Variation in the human Cannabinoid Receptor (CNR1) gene modulates gaze duration for happy faces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

included only if all four grandparents were of Caucasian European ancestry to avoid genetic heterogeneity between different populations. Participants were also excluded if they reported any history of psychiatric diag- noses or regular drug abuse. They were... :591-617. 37. Chakrabarti B, Bullmore E, Baron-Cohen S: Empathizing with basic emotions: common and discrete neural substrates. Soc Neurosci 2006, 1:364-384. 38. Golan O, Baron-Cohen S, Hill J: The Cambridge Mindreading (CAM) Face- Voice Battery: testing...

Chakrabarti, Bhismadev; Baron-Cohen, Simon

2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

371

Duration, density, and evolutionary form : application of biological principles to architectural surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in the way we look at the relationship between artificial and natural in architecture lead to new design possibilities that incorporate the ideas of organic and evolutionary form. When these biological models are ...

Rothenberg, John (John Hershel)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Conditional model of peak and minimum loads and the load duration curve for electricity  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a model that extends the traditional model of electricity demand to account for intra-period load variation, the kind of variation that is important for evaluating marginal-cost-reflecting price structures. The time-of-day rate is one such price structure. The traditional model of electricity demand explains inter-period demand variation. It says nothing about load variation. The report explains how a model that integrates with previous studies of electricity demand might be formulated. It specifies two concrete models within this framework and estimates them for a number of different utility companies. The model's within-sample-period performance in predicting peak loads is presented for one version of the model extension along with estimations for other variations. In addition a number of plots of actual load distributions, a summation of load variation information, against the actual load distributions, are presented and used to evaluate the performance of specific models.

Trimble, J.L.; Stallings, D.E.; Thomas, B.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Driftsondes: Providing In-Situ Long-Duration Dropsonde Observations over Remote Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Constellations of Driftsonde Systems, gondolas floating in the stratosphere and able to release dropsondes upon command, have so far been used in three major field experiments from 2006 through 2010. With them, high-quality, high-resolution, in-situ ...

Stephen A. Cohn; Terry Hock; Philippe Cocquerez; Junhong Wang; Florence Rabier; David Parsons; Patrick Harr; Chun-Chieh Wu; Philippe Drobinski; Fatima Karbou; Stéphanie Vénel; André Vargas; Nadia Fourrié; Nathalie Saint-Ramond; Vincent Guidard; Alexis Doerenbecher; Huang-Hsiung Hsu; Po-Hsiung Lin; Ming-Dah Chou; Jean-Luc Redelsperger; Charlie Martin; Jack Fox; Nick Potts; Kathryn Young; Hal Cole

374

Duration and Movement of Mesocyclones Associated with Southern Great Plains Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examination of 320 mesocyclones recorded by the National Severe Storms Laboratory's Doppler radars over Oklahoma and adjacent portions of Texas during 20 spring tornado seasons of 1971–90 shows that tornado-producing mesocyclones in this region ...

Vincent T. Wood; Rodger A. Brown; Donald W. Burgess

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A Model for Most Luminous and Long Duration Cosmic Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We exploit the fact that General Theory of Relativity (GTR) predicts the existence of compact objects having surface gravitational redshift z_s burst rises dramatically with the value of z_c and can saturate to ~40%. This may explain a gamma ray burst of energy as high as ~5. 10**53 erg. By using the already existing detailed (Newtonian) calculations, it follows that the neutrino heating driven mass loss should be negligible, and the bulk Lorentz factor of the initial fireball could be ~1000. Most of the existing supernova calculations also show that it is extremely difficult to simulate the direct neutrino driven mass loss, and, the shock is not launched if the gravitational field becomes stronger. Since the gravitation potential well of the more compact NS is indded very deep, we do not expect additional baryonic mass ejection. So, without invoking any exotic physics (like strange stars) or overstretching any theory, we may explain most of the luminous GRBs in this simple model.

Abhas Mitra

1998-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

376

Compton scattering effects on the duration of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; published 18 January 2012. [1] Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) are gamma-ray bursts detected from space) recently discovered by the gamma-ray burst monitor (GBM) aboard the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope. Introduction [2] Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) are bursts of high-energy photons originating from

Pasko, Victor

377

TITLE: Multimedia Over the Internet DURATION: Half day (can be extended to full-day)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technologies. The fundamental technical concepts and principles of multimedia, Internet, and Web are presented. INFORMATION SUPERHIGHWAYS AND WORLD WIDE WEB - Fundamentals of Internet - Intranet and its operation - World Publishers). He recently completed three handbooks, to be published by the CRC Press, "Handbook of Internet

Furht, Borko

378

Effects of desiccation duration on the community structure and nutrient retention  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.A., 1994. A computer model to simulate Everglades hydrology. In: Davis, S.M., Ogden, J.C. (Eds water. Thermochim. Acta 7121, 1­7. Townsend, P.A., 2001. Relationship between vegetation patterns

Gaiser, Evelyn

379

A Search for Short Duration Very High Energy Emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Milagro is a water-Cherenkov detector capable of observing air showers produced by gamma rays with primary energies of approximately 100 GeV and higher. The wide… (more)

Noyes, David Carl

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

A product of their bargaining environment: Explaining government duration in Central and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research results, accounts of work-in-progress and background information available to those concerned with contemporary European issues. The Institute does not express opinions of its own; the views expressed in this publication are the responsibility of the author. The Sussex European Institute, founded in Autumn 1992, is a research and graduate teaching centre of the University of Sussex, specialising in studies of contemporary Europe, particularly in the social sciences and contemporary history. The SEI has a developing research programme which defines Europe broadly and seeks to draw on the contributions of a range of disciplines to the understanding of contemporary Europe. The SEI draws on the expertise of many faculty members from the University, as well as on those of its own staff and visiting fellows. In addition, the SEI provides one-year MA courses in Contemporary European Studies and European Politics and opportunities for MPhil and DPhil research degrees.

Lee Savage

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Reduction of Anode Effect Duration in 400kA Prebake Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retrofit of a Combined Breaker Feeder with a Chisel Bath Contact Detection System to Reduce Anode Effect Frequency in a Potroom · Simulating Traffic in a ...

382

A metric time-point and duration-based temporal model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Constraint-based formalisms are a useful and common way to deal with temporal reasoning tasks. Assertions represent temporal constraints between temporal objects, time-points or intervals: Metric temporal constraints between time points permit us to ...

Federico A. Barber

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Intensity and duration of blood flow reduction and cell death through necrosis or apoptosis during acute  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-754, U.Bossel, Oberrohrdorf, Switzerland (1994) [10] F. Mauvy, C. Lalanne, J-M. Bassat, J-C. Grenier, H.C. Grenier Institut de Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Bordeaux (ICMCB-CNRS) Université de Bordeaux 1, Av-P.Manaud, P.Dordor and J-C.Grenier, "Oxygen electrode reaction on Nd2NiO4+ cathode materials: impedance

384

A Fuel Cell Power Supply for Long Duration Balloon Flights Using Stored Cryogens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High EnergyOffice of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High Energy

Green, Michael A.; Manikowski, A.; Noland, G.; Golden, R.L.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Corrosion behavior of environmental assessment glass in product consistency tests of extended duration.  

SciTech Connect

We have conducted static dissolution tests to study the corrosion behavior of the Environmental Assessment (EA) glass, which is the benchmark glass for high-level waste glasses being produced at US Department of Energy facilities. These tests were conducted to evaluate the behavior of the EA glass under the same long-term and accelerated test conditions that are being used to evaluate the corrosion of waste glasses. Tests were conducted at 90 C in a tuff groundwater solution at glass surface area/solution volume (WV) ratios of about 2000 and 20,000 m{sup {minus}1}. The glass dissolved at three distinct dissolution rates in tests conducted at 2000 m{sup {minus}1}. Based on the release of boron, dissolution within the first seven days occurred at a rate of about 0.65 g/(m{sup 2} {center_dot} d). The rate between seven and 70 days decreased to 0.009 g/(m{sup 2} {center_dot} d). An increase in the dissolution rate occurred at longer times after the precipitation of zeolite phases analcime, gmelinite, and an aluminum silicate base. The dissolution rate after phase formation was about 0.18 g/(m{sup 2} {center_dot} d). The formation of the same zeolite alteration phases occurred after about 20 days in tests at 20,000 m{sup {minus}}. The average dissolution rate over the first 20 days was 0.5 g/(m{sup 2} {center_dot} d) and the rate after phase formation was about 0.20 g/(m{sup 2} {center_dot} d). An intermediate stage with a lower rate was not observed in tests at 20,000 m{sup {minus}1}. The corrosion behavior of EA glass is similar to that observed for other high-level waste glasses reacted under the same test conditions. The dissolution rate of EA glass is higher than that of other high-level waste glasses both in 7-day tests and after alteration phases form.

Bates, J.K.; Buck, E.C.; Ebert, W.L.; Luo, J.S.; Tam, S.W.

1998-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

386

Timing and duration of subsidence due to longwall mining. Report of investigations/1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsidence data gathered by the U.S. Bureau of Mines over a series of longwall panels in the Pittsburgh Coalbed were studied to obtain insight as to the role of time in the subsidence process. IT was found that subsidence began essentially with undermining and was completed within one year. The progress of the subsidence was dependent upon location above the panel. All sites behaved similarly in the central portion of the subsidence trough. However, the subsidence of points over the adjacent to the ribs of the longwall panels was site specific.

Jeran, P.W.; Trevits, M.A.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Extraordinary Flood Response of a Small Urban Watershed to Short-Duration Convective Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 9.1 km2 Moores Run watershed in Baltimore, Maryland, experiences floods with unit discharge peaks exceeding 1 m3 s?1 km?2 12 times yr?1, on average. Few, if any, drainage basins in the continental United States have a higher frequency. A ...

James A. Smith; Andrew J. Miller; Mary Lynn Baeck; Peter A. Nelson; Gary T. Fisher; Katherine L. Meierdiercks

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

A Theoretical Explanation of the Fetch- and Duration-Limited Laws  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of wind-induced ocean waves is studied theoretically. The modeling assumes that wave groups evolve independently of each other in a state of local equilibrium between wind-pumping- and wave-breaking-induced dissipation. The well-...

Emmanuel Fontaine

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Short time duration electrophoretic deposition of cadmium selenide nanocrystals on Jamin M. Johnston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the constant progression toward more efficient ways to produce usable energy, high efficiency next generation is being done in the field renewable energy, from which solar power is among the most viable possibilities a tremendous strain on the current methods for obtaining usable energy. To this end, considerable research

Smith, Nathanael J.

390

Unusually Long Duration, Multiple-Doppler Radar Observations of a Front in a Convective Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dual-Doppler observations acquired by a network of mobile radars deployed in the Oklahoma panhandle on 3 June 2002 are used to document the kinematic structure and evolution of a front. The data were collected during the International H2O Project ...

John R. Stonitsch; Paul M. Markowski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Rainfall Amount, Intensity, Duration, and Frequency Relationships in the Mae Chaem Watershed in Southeast Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dense tipping-bucket rain gauge network was established in the Mae Chaem watershed in the mountains of northwestern Thailand as part of the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Asian Monsoon Experiment-Tropics (GAME-T). ...

Koji Dairaku; Seita Emori; Taikan Oki

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Perceived accentedness and intelligibility: The relative contributions of F0 and duration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current study sought to determine the relative contributions of suprasegmental and segmental features to the perception of foreign accent and intelligibility in both first language (L1) and second language (L2) German and English speech. Suprasegmental ... Keywords: Foreign accent, Intelligibility, Perception, Prosody, Second language

Stephen Winters; Mary Grantham O'Brien

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Speech rhythm: the language-specific integration of pitch and duration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from perception to production (though note Wallin’s (1911) later perceptual work on non-speech). 1.2.2.2 Phonetics As general phonetics manuals became more prevalent, they often included notes on rhythm (e.g. Jones 1956: first published 1918, Rousselot... from perception to production (though note Wallin’s (1911) later perceptual work on non-speech). 1.2.2.2 Phonetics As general phonetics manuals became more prevalent, they often included notes on rhythm (e.g. Jones 1956: first published 1918, Rousselot...

Cumming, Ruth Elizabeth

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

394

Duration of hydrothermal activity at Steamboat Springs, Nevada, from ages of spatially associated volcanic rocks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Steamboat Springs is a presently active equivalent of epithermal gold-silver ore-forming systems. Hot-spring sinter deposits contain small amounts of gold, silver, mercury, antimony, and arsenic. Hot-spring activity probably started before extrusion of the basaltic andesite of Steamboat Springs. Old sinter from the Steamboat Springs system occurs in gravels above and below the basaltic andesite. Intense hydrothermal alteration, including almost complete replacement by hydrothermal potassium-feldspar, has affected the basaltic andesite. Three plagioclase separates of differing potassium content from fresh basaltic andesite yielded potassium-argon ages of 2.52 to 2.55 m.y. Basaltic andesite almost completely replaced by potassium-feldspar yielded an age of 1.1 m.y. The source of energy for the thermal convection system is probably a large rhyolitic magma chamber that supplied the pumice and from which the rhyolite domes were emplaced. Sanidine and obsidian from four of the rhyolite domes yielded potassium-argon ages of 1.15 to 1.52 m.y. and obsidian from one of the northeastern domes yielded apparent ages of 2.97 and 3.03 m.y. The data indicate that hydrothermal activity has occurred at Steamboat Springs, possibly intermittently, for more than 2-1/2 m.y. These data agree with other radiogenic age studies indicating 1- and 2-m.y. lifetimes for the hydrothermal systems that generate epithermal gold-silver deposits.

Silberman, M.L.; White, D.E.; Keith, T.E.C.; Dockter, R.D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

July 29, 2012 Prediction of flow duration curves in ungauged basins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for former AFDC recipients, shall be entitled to a $250 tax credit per participant. #12;RHODE ISLAND

Vogel, Richard M.

396

Age of the Batoka basalts, northern Zimbabwe, and the duration of Karoo Large Igneous Province  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUUSVIRDIE SKANOORD-KAAP Maart 2013 Op die oomblik is die SKA-terrein in die Karoo `n miernes van opgraderingswerk aan die Karoo-substasie op Carnarvon is ook afgehandel en in Desember 2012 aan Eskom oorhandig gebou vir die Karoo Array-verwerker en terreinkragfasiliteit. n Alles gereed, sê Meer

Niocaill, Conall Mac

397

Trade-off Analysis of Regenerative Power Source for Long Duration Loitering Airship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the airship needs a reliable, low-weight, renewable power generation system. This analysis is focused on solar. Evaluating the trade- offs of the cost against the power consumption, efficiency, and reliability for each by their excessive drag. Flat solar technologies (i.e. thin film, LSC, and flat panel PV) are ranked the highest

398

Linear Regime Duration: Is 24 Hours a Long Time in Synoptic Weather Forecasting?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Day-to-day variations in the growth of uncertainty in the current state of the atmosphere have led to operational ensemble weather predictions in which an ensemble of different initial conditions, each perturbed from the best estimate of the ...

Isla Gilmour; Leonard A. Smith; Roberto Buizza

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A Fuel Cell Power Supply for Long Duration Balloon Flights Using Stored Cryogens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-40618 A FUEL CELL POWER SUPPLY FOR LONG DURATIONCA, (1966) LBNL-40618 A FUEL CELL POWER SUPPLY FOR LONG21 days. A hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell is an attractive option

Green, Michael A.; Manikowski, A.; Noland, G.; Golden, R.L.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Modeling and Forecasting the Onset and Duration of Severe Radiation Fog under Frost Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case of a severe radiation fog during frost conditions is analyzed as a benchmark for the development of a very high-resolution NWP model. Results by the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) and the High-Resolution Limited-Area Model (...

I. R. van der Velde; G. J. Steeneveld; B. G. J. Wichers Schreur; A. A. M. Holtslag

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Annual and Warm Season Drought Intensity–Duration–Frequency Analysis for Sonora, Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Located in northwestern Mexico, Sonora is a region affected by the North American monsoon (NAM). The region covers nearly 50% of the North American Sonoran Desert and is characterized by climatic conditions ranging from extremely arid to ...

Michelle Hallack-Alegria; David W. Watkins Jr.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Quantifying and modelling adaptive astronaut movement : motion strategies for long-duration spaceflight missions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Past spaceflight experience has shown that astronauts adapt their motor control strategies to microgravity movements after approximately four weeks of microgravity exposure. A similar (but typically shorter) re-adaptation ...

Ferguson, Philip Andrew, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Daytime Boundary Layer Evolution over Mountainous Terrain. Part II: Numerical Studies of Upslope Flow Duration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulators of upslope flow forming on the lee side of a heated mountain ridge showed this flow to be a transient phenomenon, in agreement with observations. The simulations, performed with a two-dimensional, dry version of the cloud ...

Robert M. Banta

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Emma Lake Residency Program To be considered for the Emma Lake Residency Program you must complete this form and submit it along with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Enrique's Journey by Sonia Nazario Brossman Lecture (Science) Christie Lecture (Economics) Kenderdine

Saskatchewan, University of

405

2012 Comparison Chart: Halls of Residence at Victoria University of Wellington Hall of Residence Suitable for Places Housing style Weekly fee * Meals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suitable for Places Housing style Weekly fee * Meals Electricity included in fee Internet included in fee Twin$175 Catered Yes Yes + Gym area Music room 15 free off-street car parks available. Karori--10

Frean, Marcus

406

PLUS: CentrifUgaL forCeS n the wormS' tUrn n traCking rabbit fever MAGA ZINE of thE cuMMINGs school of vE tErINAry MEdIcINE SPring 2010 voL . 11 no. 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of thE cuMMINGs school of vE tErINAry MEdIcINE SPring 2010 voL . 11 no. 2 PLUS: fat CatS n man'S beSt o and littermates who each weigh about 180 pounds. anesthesiologist Lois wetmore used a tranquilizing dart to render

Tufts University

407

The impact of a school's closure on rural community residents' lives .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this dissertation, I use a single qualitative case study methodology, participant observation, focus groups, and semi-structured interviews to explore how a rural school’s closure… (more)

Oncescu, Jacquelyn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Solar energy heating system design package for a single-family residence at New Castle, Pennsylvania  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design of a solar heating and hot water system for the New Castle Redevelopment Authority's single-family dwelling located at New Castle, Pennsylvania is described. Documentation submitted by the contractor for Government review of plans, specifications, cost trade studies and verification status for approval to commit the system to fabrication is presented. Also included are system integration drawings, major subsystems drawings, and architect's specifications and plans.

Not Available

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar water heating system (may be combined with storage water heater)Solar energy was incorporated into nine of the home heating systems, being paired with tankless water heaters,

Less, Brennan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Architectural variations in residences and their effects on energy generation by photovoltaics .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the current global market, there are plenty solutions for the savings of energy in the different areas of consumption in buildings: Green roofs and… (more)

Caballero, Sandra Catalina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Kalispell (i.e. Kalispel) Resident Fish Project : Annual Report, 1996.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1996 the Kalispell Natural Resource Department (KNRD) in conjunction with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) continued the implementation of a habitat and population enhancement project for bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), westslope cutthroat (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). A habitat and population assessment was conducted on Browns Creek a tributary of Cee Cee Ah Creek, one of the priority tributaries outlined in the 1995 annual report. The assessment was used to determine the type and quality of habitat that was limiting to native bull trout and cutthroat trout populations. Analysis of the habitat data indicated high amounts of sediment in the stream, low bank cover, and a lack of winter habitat. Data collected from this assessment was used to prescribe habitat enhancement measures for Browns Creek. Habitat enhancement measures, as outlined in the recommendations from the 1995 annual report, were conducted during field season 1996. Fencing and planting of riparian areas and in stream structures were implemented. As a precursor to these enhancement efforts, pre-assessments were conducted to determine the affects of the enhancement. Habitat quality, stream morphology and fish populations were pre-assessed. The construction of the largemouth bass hatchery was started in October of 1995. The KNRD, Contractors Northwest Inc. and associated subcontractors are in the process of constructing the hatchery. The projected date of hatchery completion is summer 1997.

Maroney, Joseph; Donley, Christopher; Lockwood, Jr., Neil

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

DAMAGE TO CONVENTIONAL AND SPECIAL TYPES OF RESIDENCES EXPOSED TO NUCLEAR EFFECTS  

SciTech Connect

Ten residential structures of wood, brick, lightweight reinforced concrete block, and lightweight precast concrete slabs were exposed in pairs to the effects of a nuclear device of approximately 30 kt yield, detonated atop a 500-ft tower. The houses represented various structural types, and two houses of each type were tested. One house was located at an anticipated overpressure at which collapse or major damage might be expected and the other was located at an anticipated overpressure at which damage without collapse might be expected. The one-story reinforced lightweight concrete block house and the one-story precast lightweight concrete house suffered only minor structural damage. Photographs are included of the houses both before and after damage. Motion pictures were made during the event and were analyzed for information on thermal and blast effects. Recommendations are included for strengthening the structures within the limits of practical economy and so providing increased protection to dwelling structures. (C.H.)

Randall, P.A.

1961-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Securing cloud infrastructure against co-resident DoS attacks using game theoretic defense mechanisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evolution in cloud services and infrastructure has been constantly reshaping the way we conduct business and provide services in our day to day lives. Tools and technologies created to improve such cloud services can also be used to impair them. By using ... Keywords: cloud computing infrastructure, cyber security, denial of service (DoS), game theory

Harkeerat Singh Bedi; Sajjan Shiva

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Analysis of chlorinated polyvinyl chloride pipe burst problems :Vasquez residence system inspection.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents the investigation regarding the failure of CPVC piping that was used to connect a solar hot water system to standard plumbing in a home. Details of the failure are described along with numerous pictures and diagrams. A potential failure mechanism is described and recommendations are outlined to prevent such a failure.

Black, Billy D.; Menicucci, David F.; Harrison, John (Florida Solar Energy Center)

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Reconstruction of chronic dose equivalents for Rongelap and Utirik residents: 1954 to 1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From June 1946 to August 1958, the US Department of Defense and Atomic Energy Commission conducted nuclear weapons tests in the Northern Marshall Islands. BRAVO, an aboveground test in the Castle series, resulted in radioactive fallout contaminating Rongelap and Utirik Atolls. On March 3, 1954, the inhabitants of these atolls were relocated until radiation exposure rates declined to acceptable levels. Environmental and personnel radiological monitoring programs were begun in the mid 1950's by Brookhaven National Laboratory to ensure that dose equivalents received or committed remained within US Federal Radiation Council Guidelines for members of the general public. Body burden and dose equivalent histories along with activity ingestion patterns post return are presented. Dosimetric methods, results, and internal dose equivalent distributions for subgroups of the population are also described.

Lessard, E.T.; Greenhouse, N.A.; Miltenberger, R.P.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

induction heating elements. Gas usage was more prevalent forsubstantially during gas range usage. Formaldehyde exceededrange hood usage were similar in gas and electric homes. Gas

Less, Brennan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

STANFORD PATHOLOGY RESIDENT/FELLOW HANDBOOK 2011-12 Stanford University Medical Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

switchboard functionality. Section 3 presents the switch- board API, architecture, and implementations for establishing and maintaining secure and liveness-monitored connections between switch- boards on a pair- ber, the service name and credentials authorizing its switch- board to connect to S. If the request

Bogyo, Matthew

418

Monitored Thermal Performance Results of Second Generation Superwindows in Three Montana Residences.  

SciTech Connect

Simulation studies have shown that highly insulating windows with moderate solar transmittances (R values greater than 6 hr-ft[sup 2]--F/Btu and shading coefficients greater than 0.5) can outperform insulated walls on any orientation, even in a northern US climate. Such superwindows achieve this feat by admitting more useful solar heat gains during the heating season than energy lost through conduction, convection and infrared radiation. Testing of first generation superwindows in three new homes in northern Montana during the winter of 1989--1990, reported in an earlier study, indicated that the glazed areas of superwindows can in fact outperform insulated walls on obstructed off-south orientations. However, this same study also showed that further improvements in the thermal performance of window edges and frames are necessary if the entire window is to outperform an insulated wall. As a result, second generation superwindows with improved frame, edge, and glazing features were installed in these houses during the summer and fall of 1990 and these windows were monitored during the winter of 1990--1991. Results from this monitoring effort, discussed in this paper, showed that while small performance improvements may have been made with these second generation superwindows, the frame and edge still limited performance.

Arasteh, D.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Carla Rachman, Boston University's Resident Director in Geneva, is responsible for all aspects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Nuclear Research, is one of the world's largest and most respected centers for scientific research. Its of one of Europe's most beautiful and cosmopolitan cities, was founded in 1559 and is one of Europe's leading universities. Like its host city and like CERN, UNIGE is a centre of international

Goldberg, Bennett

420

Issue 1: Residents Split on the State of the Region's Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

related to the state of the economy. The sampling error mayState of the Region’s Economy I NTRODUCTION Public opinionstate of the regional economy. This is not sur- prising

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

amounts of insulation and air sealing materials, which mayand (2) the impact of air sealing on radon exposure and itsstrategy, as well as house air sealing and duct sealing will

Less, Brennan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Aiken Resident Honored by Secretary of Energy for Work at National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development at NETL as Research Manager for Geological and Environmental Sciences for URS Corporation. He is also a research professor and lecturer at USC- Aiken and an Aiken...

423

Screening SNPs residing in the microRNA-binding sites of Hepatocellular Carcinoma related genes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single nucleotide polymorphisms located at miRNA-binding sites are likely to affect the expression of the miRNA targets and may contribute to the susceptibility of humans to common diseases. Here we selected 289 candidate Hepatocellular Carcinoma ...

Jun Ding; Yuzhen Gao; Yan He; Yifeng Zhou; Moli Huang; Haiyan Liu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Decontaminate Effect of Paddy Field on Waste Water from Fish Pond under Different Residence Time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wastewater from aquiculture contains usefu1 nutrients for plant, such as nitrogen and phosphorus. Drainage of the wastewater resulted in eutrophication of water body. The nutrients in wastewater from fish pond was assimilated and utilized by paddy field. ... Keywords: Decontaminate effect, Fishpond, Paddy field, Water cycle, Water quality

Shun-Yao Jiang, Jian-Qiang Zhu, Gu Li, Qi-Xia Wu, Yuan Zhou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Hydrodynamic Simulation of Circulation and Residence Time in Clifton Court Forebay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estuary. Technical report no. HYDRO-IATR/95-45. Sacramento (and Simpson 1997) and hydro- dynamic modeling efforts (inside CCF from detailed hydro- dynamic modeling conducted

MacWilliams, Michael L.; Gross, Edward S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Solar project description for Florida gas company's single family residence, Winter Springs, Florida  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Florida Gas Company solar energy system is installed in a 1548 square-foot, three bedroom single family dwelling located in Winter Springs, Florida. The system is designed to provide solar energy for space heating, space cooling, and domestic hot water heating. Solar energy is collected by two banks of double glazed flat plate collectors with a gross area of 714 square feet. Solar energy is transferred from the collector array to a 1350 gallon underground storage tank. Water is used as the heat collection, transfer and storage medium. Freeze protection is provided by means of circulation of hot water from storage through the collectors. No anti-freeze additive is required. A 3-ton solar energy powered absorption cycle Water Chiller provides chilled water for circulation through the same air distribution system. A gas fired boiler provides supplemental thermal energy to the chiller when sufficient thermal energy is not available from storage. Original cost estimates for provisioning and installation of the Solar System are given.

Not Available

1979-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

427

Installation guidelines for Solar Heating System, single-family residence at New Castle, Pennsylvania  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Solar Heating System installer guidelines are provided for each subsystem and includes testing and filling the system. This single-family residential heating system is a solar-assisted, hydronic-to-warm-air system with solar-assisted domestic water heating. It is composed of the following major components: liquid cooled flat plate collectors; water storage tank; passive solar-fired domestic water preheater; electric hot water heater; heat pump with electric backup; solar hot water coil unit; tube-and-shell heat exchanger, three pumps, and associated pipes and valving in an energy transport module; control system; and air-cooled heat purge unit. Information is also provided on the operating procedures, controls, caution requirements, and routine and schedule maintenance. Information consists of written procedures, schematics, detail drawings, pictures and manufacturer's component data.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Adaptation of the EPEC-EM™ Curriculum in a Residency with Asynchronous Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

April 2008, at which time an answer key was provided to allwe distributed post-test answer keys after the curriculum in

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Simulation of Water Age and Residence Time in New York Bight  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time scales on which river inflows disperse in the coastal ocean are relevant to a host of biogeochemical and environmental processes. These time scales are examined in a modeling study of the Hudson River plume on its entry to the New York ...

Weifeng G. Zhang; John L. Wilkin; Oscar M. E. Schofield

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Restaurant-style dining in skilled nursing facilities: resident and employee satisfaction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The culture-change movement in skilled nursing facilities is challenging foodservices to consider their role in supporting the paradigm shift to person-centered care. Optimal nutrition for… (more)

Leson, Suzanne M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

If you reside in WASHINGTON, DC - MD -VA - WV your salary will...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

If you are employed in the WASHINGTON, DC Metropolitan Area (D.C., Baltimore, Northern VA, Eastern WV, and Southern PA) your salary will range from: Pay Band Pay Plan(s) Minimum...

432

TransExpo: International Study of Childhood Leukemia and Residences Near Electrical Transformer Rooms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to reduce the scientific uncertainty surrounding the epidemiologic association between extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) and childhood leukemia, new approaches in epidemiology are required. Childhood leukemia and average exposures to ELF-MF above 0.3/0.4 µT are both quite rare, and retrospective assessment of ELF-MF exposure is prone to errors. Only studies designed to minimize biases from different sources while maximizing the ability to detect an association, should one exist, w...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

433

Development of an Integrated Residential Heating, Ventilation, Cooling, and Dehumidification System for Residences  

SciTech Connect

The Need and the Opportunity Codes such as ASHRAE 90.2 and IECC, and programs such as Energy Star and Builders Challenge, are causing new homes to be built to higher performance standards. As a result sensible cooling loads in new homes are going down, but indoor air quality prerogatives are causing ventilation rates and moisture loads to increase in humid climates. Conventional air conditioners are unable to provide the low sensible heat ratios that are needed to efficiently cool and dehumidify homes since dehumidification potential is strongly correlated with cooling system operating hours. The project team saw an opportunity to develop a system that is at least as effective as a conventional air conditioner plus dehumidifier, removes moisture without increasing the sensible load, reduces equipment cost by integrating components, and simplifies installation. Project Overview Prime contractor Davis Energy Group led a team in developing an Integrated Heating, Ventilation, Cooling, and Dehumidification (I-HVCD) system under the DOE SBIR program. Phase I and II SBIR project activities ran from July 2003 through December 2007. Tasks included: (1) Mechanical Design and Prototyping; (2) Controls Development; (3) Laboratory and Field Testing; and (4) Commercialization Activities Technology Description. Key components of the prototype I-HVCD system include an evaporator coil assembly, return and outdoor air damper, and controls. These are used in conjunction with conventional components that include a variable speed air handler or furnace, and a two-stage condensing unit. I-HVCD controls enable the system to operate in three distinct cooling modes to respond to indoor temperature and relative humidity (RH) levels. When sensible cooling loads are high, the system operates similar to a conventional system but varies supply airflow in response to indoor RH. In the second mode airflow is further reduced, and the reheat coil adds heat to the supply air. In the third mode, the reheat coil adds additional heat to maintain the supply air temperature close to the return air temperature (100% latent cooling). Project Outcomes Key Phase II objectives were to develop a pre-production version of the system and to demonstrate its performance in an actual house. The system was first tested in the laboratory and subsequently underwent field-testing at a new house in Gainesville, Florida. Field testing began in 2006 with monitoring of a 'conventional best practices' system that included a two stage air conditioner and Energy Star dehumidifier. In September 2007, the I-HVCD components were installed for testing. Both systems maintained uniform indoor temperatures, but indoor RH control was considerably better with the I-HVCD system. The daily variation from average indoor humidity conditions was less than 2% for the I-HVCD vs. 5-7% for the base case system. Data showed that the energy use of the two systems was comparable. Preliminary installed cost estimates suggest that production costs for the current I-HVCD integrated design would likely be lower than for competing systems that include a high efficiency air conditioner, dehumidifier, and fresh air ventilation system. Project Benefits This project verified that the I-HVCD refrigeration compacts are compact (for easy installation and retrofit) and can be installed with air conditioning equipment from a variety of manufacturers. Project results confirmed that the system can provide precise indoor temperature and RH control under a variety of climate conditions. The I-HVCD integrated approach offers numerous benefits including integrated control, easier installation, and reduced equipment maintenance needs. Work completed under this project represents a significant step towards product commercialization. Improved indoor RH control and fresh air ventilation are system attributes that will become increasingly important in the years ahead as building envelopes improve and sensible cooling loads continue to fall. Technologies like I-HVCD will be instrumental in meeting goals set by Building America

Hoeschele, M.A.; D.A. Springer

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

434

An assessment of future energy use and carbon emissions from US residences  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores residential energy futures and their associated carbon emissions using an engineering-economic end-use model. The authors present detailed input assumptions and output results for twenty-four cases, each representing a different combination of electricity supply mix, demand-side policy case, and carbon tax. They describe current and projected future energy use by end-use and fuel, and assess which end-uses are growing most rapidly in importance over time.

Koomey, J.G.; Johnson, F.X.; McMahon, J.E.; Orland, M.C.; Levine, M.D.; Chan, P.; Krause, F.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Distance learning in toxicology: Resident and remote; Scotland, IPCS, IUPAC, and the world  

SciTech Connect

Globally, very few college or university chemistry courses incorporate toxicology although public perception of chemicals and the chemical industry as threats to health and the environment has had an adverse effect on chemistry and on the use of its products. The International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) through its Commission on Toxicology recognized this and, with the support of the Committee on the Teaching of Chemistry has used the IUPAC web site to promote distance learning in toxicology for chemists. After preparation of a thoroughly refereed consensus Glossary of Terms for Chemists of Terms Used in Toxicology, a textbook Fundamental Toxicology for Chemists and a set of educational modules entitled Essential Toxicology were compiled and put through the normal thorough review procedure of IUPAC before being approved by the organization. There is now an additional Glossary of Terms Used in Toxicokinetics. The modules are freely downloadable in Adobe PDF format and are designed to be used both by educators and by students. Educators are asked to select whatever is appropriate to their students and to use the material as they wish, adding content specifically relevant to their circumstances. For self-study, the web modules have self-assessment questions and model answers. Currently the original Glossary for Chemists of Terms Used in Toxicology is being revised and it is expected that this will lead to further developments. The currently available components of the IUPAC programme may be accessed through the IUPAC website at the Subcommittee on Toxicology and Risk Assessment page: http://www.iupac.org/divisions/VII/VII.C.2/index.html.

Duffus, John H. [Edinburgh Centre for Toxicology, 43 Mansionhouse Road, Edinburgh EH9 2JD, Scotland (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: J.H.Duffus@btinternet.com

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Hydrodynamic Studies in a Centrifugal Contactor Separator; Liquid Hold-up, Residence Time Distribution, Phase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid-Liquid Extraction in Centrifugal Contactor Separators Boelo Schuur, Joelle Floure, Andy Hallett centrifugal contactor separator; process intensification; enantioselectivity; 3,5-dinitrobenzoyl alkaloid extractant (C) in 1,2- dichloroethane using a Centrifugal Contact Separator (CCS) was studied

Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit

437

Deindustrialization and Political Identity: A Case Study of Residents in Flint, Michigan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As we approach the 2012 Presidential election, more focus is being paid to Michigan as a potential swing state, despite its recent history as a… (more)

Alamy, Nancy Setara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Estimates of achievable potential for electricity efficiency improvements in U.S. residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

baseline electricity consumption forecast for the year 2010.Electricity-Efficiency Improvements in 2010 Discount Rate: 7% Forecast Year: 2010 Start Year: 1990 Baseline Energy Consumption for yearelectricity savings in the year 2010, which is 18% of the frozen efficiency baseline consumption forecast for that year.

Brown, Richard

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Division of Dining & Culinary Services Guide to Successful Residence Life Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fruit Juice 1/4 Barrel of Root Beer (80 - 12 Oz Glasses) Fresh Bagels Cream Cheese Cream Cheese Fat Free, Lettuce, Sliced Olives, Diced Tomatoes, Sliced Jalapenos, Shredded Cheese Choose a Filling: Chicken Beef Chicken

Scharer, John E.

440

Administrative Support and Clinical Shift Load Varies among Emergency Medicine Residency Leadership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than that allowed by the RRC. There is a wide disparity inPDs not actively engaged in RRC requirements. Conclusion: EMrequirements beyond the RRC guidelines for their positions,

Hern, H. Gene; Wills, Charlotte P.; Katz, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy retrofit industry will receive more ample training on ventilation requirements and will become more adept at selling these technologies to homeowners.

Less, Brennan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Why Do Inner City Residents Pay Higher Premiums? The Determinants of Automobile Insurance Premiums  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

insurance companies for each zip code in the city of Lossame demographic profile for every zip code: a 25-year old,insurance premium for each zip code is the average of quotes

Ong, Paul M.; Stoll, Michael A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

A Simplified Procedure for Sizing Vertical Ground Coupled Heat Pump Heat Exchangers for Residences in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simplified technique for the sizing of vertical U-tube ground coupled heat pump (GCHP) heat exchangers for Texas climates was developed utilizing a transient simulation model of a ground coupled heat pump and weather and soil data for Texas. The simulation model discretized the ground heat exchanger into elements and computed the temperature distribution surrounding the heat exchanger on a minute-by-minute basis. Hundreds of runs were made with the model for a wide range of ground temperatures, ground thermal properties (density, thermal conductivity, and specific heat), and outdoor weather. A set of sizing charts were developed from the model runs that could provide quick reference on the size of the ground heat exchanger. Corrections for ground temperature, ground density, ground thermal conductivity, and indoor air temperature were presented. Soil temperature and thermal conductivity were found to be the most important parameters for sizing GCHP heat exchangers. Results from the simplified method were compared to two available heat exchanger sizing methods: the National Water Well Association (NWWA) and the International Ground Source Heat Pump Association (IGSHPA). The simplified method predicted shorter lengths than those from either of these two methods.

O'Neal, D. L.; Gonzalez, J. A.; Aldred, W.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Mass Media: Its Consumption and Impact on Residents of Thimphu and Rural Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the scope of information transmission beyond the traditional face- to-face oral interaction to literacy-oriented communication and now to an electronic media. They have helped to share information about the past and present, depict social, cultural... their films on contract basis from distributors of EIMPA (East Indian Movie Producers Association) based mostly in Siliguri, West Bengal. These films are not censored in Bhutan because the Censor Board of India has passed them and hence cinema hall managers...

Rapten, Phuntsho

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

uc/item/25x5j8w6 G. OVEN AND STOVE USED FOR HEATING G.1heating elements. Gas usage was more prevalent for cooktops than for ovens,

Less, Brennan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Assessment of a Chief Complaint–Based Curriculum for Resident Education in Geriatric Emergency Medicine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for emergency medicine training programs. Ann Emerg Med.postgraduate medical training programs. Didactic instructionof subspecialty training programs, Accreditation Council for

Wadman, Michael C; Lyons, William L; Hoffman, Lance H; Muelleman, Robert L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Self-Reported Emergency Medicine Residency Applicant Attitudes Towards a Procedural Cadaver Laboratory Curriculum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards Cadaver Lab Curriculum Figure 1. Learner preferencesCadaver Laboratory Curriculum Lance Hoffman, MD Michael C.cadaver emergency procedure lab curriculum is uncommon. We

Hoffman, Lance; Wadman, Michael; Erickson, Tammi; Muelleman, Robert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Estimating the Distribution of Lifetime Cumulative Radon Exposures for California Residents: A Brief Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hygiene Laboratory California Department of Health ServicesLaboratory, California Department of Health Services,

Liu, K.-S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Tracking of pedometer-determined physical activity in adults who relocate: results from RESIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

Biomed Central; Catrine Tudor-locke; Billie Giles-corti; Matthew Knuiman; Gavin Mccormack; Open Access; Matthew Knuiman; Gavin Mccormack

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resin wood products, smoking, electric heating, air exchangeand wood burning fireplaces, and denatured alcohol heaters. All natural gas primary heating

Less, Brennan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Development of an Integrated Residential Heating, Ventilation, Cooling, and Dehumidification System for Residences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Need and the Opportunity Codes such as ASHRAE 90.2 and IECC, and programs such as Energy Star and Builders Challenge, are causing new homes to be built to higher performance standards. As a result sensible cooling loads in new homes are going down, but indoor air quality prerogatives are causing ventilation rates and moisture loads to increase in humid climates. Conventional air conditioners are unable to provide the low sensible heat ratios that are needed to efficiently cool and dehumidify homes since dehumidification potential is strongly correlated with cooling system operating hours. The project team saw an opportunity to develop a system that is at least as effective as a conventional air conditioner plus dehumidifier, removes moisture without increasing the sensible load, reduces equipment cost by integrating components, and simplifies installation. Project Overview Prime contractor Davis Energy Group led a team in developing an Integrated Heating, Ventilation, Cooling, and Dehumidification (I-HVCD) system under the DOE SBIR program. Phase I and II SBIR project activities ran from July 2003 through December 2007. Tasks included: (1) Mechanical Design and Prototyping; (2) Controls Development; (3) Laboratory and Field Testing; and (4) Commercialization Activities Technology Description. Key components of the prototype I-HVCD system include an evaporator coil assembly, return and outdoor air damper, and controls. These are used in conjunction with conventional components that include a variable speed air handler or furnace, and a two-stage condensing unit. I-HVCD controls enable the system to operate in three distinct cooling modes to respond to indoor temperature and relative humidity (RH) levels. When sensible cooling loads are high, the system operates similar to a conventional system but varies supply airflow in response to indoor RH. In the second mode airflow is further reduced, and the reheat coil adds heat to the supply air. In the third mode, the reheat coil adds additional heat to maintain the supply air temperature close to the return air temperature (100% latent cooling). Project Outcomes Key Phase II objectives were to develop a pre-production version of the system and to demonstrate its performance in an actual house. The system was first tested in the laboratory and subsequently underwent field-testing at a new house in Gainesville, Florida. Field testing began in 2006 with monitoring of a 'conventional best practices' system that included a two stage air conditioner and Energy Star dehumidifier. In September 2007, the I-HVCD components were installed for testing. Both systems maintained uniform indoor temperatures, but indoor RH control was considerably better with the I-HVCD system. The daily variation from average indoor humidity conditions was less than 2% for the I-HVCD vs. 5-7% for the base case system. Data showed that the energy use of the two systems was comparable. Preliminary installed cost estimates suggest that production costs for the current I-HVCD integrated design would likely be lower than for competing systems that include a high efficiency air conditioner, dehumidifier, and fresh air ventilation system. Project Benefits This project verified that the I-HVCD refrigeration compacts are compact (for easy installation and retrofit) and can be installed with air conditioning equipment from a variety of manufacturers. Project results confirmed that the system can provide precise indoor temperature and RH control under a variety of climate conditions. The I-HVCD integrated approach offers numerous benefits including integrated control, easier installation, and reduced equipment maintenance needs. Work completed under this project represents a significant step towards product commercialization. Improved indoor RH control and fresh air ventilation are system attributes that will become increasingly important in the years ahead as building envelopes improve and sensible cooling loads continue to fall. Technologies like I-HVCD will be instrumental in meeting goals set by Building America

Hoeschele, M.A.; D.A. Springer

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

452

A passive cooling design for multifamily residences [sic] in hot, humid climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

People living in hot, humid climates suffer either from extremely uncomfortable weather conditions or from the great cost of air-conditioning systems for maintaining comfort. Most of the available passive cooling techniques ...

Tang, Joseph C

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Energy-performance trade-offs for spatial access methods on memory-resident data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proliferation of mobile and pervasive computing devices has brought energy constraints into the limelight. Energy-conscious design is important at all levels of system architecture, and the software has a key role to play in conserving battery energy ... Keywords: Energy optimization, Multidimensional indexing, Resource-constrained computing, Spatial data

Ning An; Sudhanva Gurumurthi; Anand Sivasubramaniam; Narayanan Vijaykrishnan; Mahmut Kandemir; Mary Jane Irwin

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Design and operation specifications of an active monitoring system for detecting southern resident killer whales  

SciTech Connect

Before final approval is given to the Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 for deploying the first tidal power devices in the United States in an open water environment, a system to manage the potential risk of injury to killer whales due to collision with moving turbine blades must be demonstrated. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is tasked with establishing the performance requirements for, constructing, and testing a prototype marine animal alert system for triggering temporary turbine shutdown when there is risk of collision with a killer whale. To develop a system that relies on active sonar two critical areas must be investigated - the target strength of killer whales and the frequency content of commercially available active sonar units. PNNL studied three target strength models: a simple model, the Fourier matching model, and the Kirchoff-ray mode model. Using target strength measurements of bottlenose dolphins obtained by previous researchers and assuming killer whales share similar morphology and structure, PNNL extrapolated the target strength of an adult killer whale 7.5 m in length at a frequency of 67 kHz. To study the frequency content of a commercially available sonar unit, direct measurements of the signal transmitted by the sonar were obtained by using a hydrophone connected to a data acquisition system in both laboratory and field conditions. The measurements revealed that in addition to the primary frequency of 200 kHz, there is a secondary frequency component at 90 kHz, which is within the hearing range of killer whales. The amplitude of the 90-kHz frequency component is above the hearing threshold of killer whales but below the threshold for potential injuries.

Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Xu, Jinshan; Martinez, Jayson J.; Weiland, Mark A.; Mueller, Robert P.; Myers, Joshua R.; Jones, Mark E.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

455

Environmental Radioactivity 54 (2001) 221229 Bronchial Rn dose survey for residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(PAECT), annual effective dose (E), concentration of Rn gas (RC) and annual dose conversion factor (ADCF) for all the residential sites combined were 0.11 Ã? 0.05, 3.1 Ã? 1.4 mWL, 1.2 Ã? 0.5 mSv yrÃ? 1 , 23 Ã? 10 Bq m region. Furthermore, Hopke et al. (1990) calculated the deposition characteristics of the progeny

Yu, K.N.

456

Free-hand thoracic pedicle screws placed by neurosurgery residents: a CT analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bridwell KH et al (2004) Free hand pedicle screw placementpedicle screw placement: free-hand technique. Neurol India1293-1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Free-hand thoracic pedicle screws

Wang, Vincent Y.; Chin, Cynthia T.; Lu, Daniel C.; Smith, Justin S.; Chou, Dean

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Tips for Parents & Families of Arroyo Vista Residents Parent's Guide to Arroyo Vista  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

400 Maryland Ave. S.W. Washington, DC 20202-5920 202-260-3887 For routine questions about FERPA hours are 8:00 AM to 1:00 PM, and 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM, PST. · Cashiering Windows are open from 8:30 AM

Stanford, Kyle

458

Metal-residence sites in mine tailings in the Magdalena District, New Mexico, USA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mineralization in the Kelly Mining Camp is hosted by the Mississippian Kelly Limestone and comprises Zn-Pb skarn, replacement, and vein deposits related to Tertiary intrusive activity. The ore consists of primary (hypogene) sulfide mineralization which has been oxidized near surface to form secondary (supergene) mineralization. A zone of secondary sulfide-enrichment separates the sulfide and oxide ores. Mine tailings in the camp contain primary sulfide, oxide and gangue minerals, secondary (supergene) minerals formed during weathering of the primary ore, and tertiary minerals formed by alteration of hypogene and supergene assemblages after deposition in the tailings impoundment.

Larocque, A.C.L. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada). Dept. of Geological Sciences; Chapin, C.E. [New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM (United States); Laughlin, A.W. [ICF Kaiser Ltd., Los Alamos, NM (United States); Hickmott, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Estimates of achievable potential for electricity efficiency improvements in U.S. residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. DOE, Dec 1990). (9) Dishwashers: DOE Level 3 standardFuture Standard DOE 5 Dishwasher DOE 3 Cooking Furnace FansClotheswasher Clothesdryer Dishwasher Cooking Notes: (1)

Brown, Richard

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Disparities in Health Insurance and Access to Care for Residents Across U.S. Cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Rates of Uninsurance El Paso, TX Jersey City, NJ LosHigh Rates of Uninsurance El Paso, TX Jersey City, NJ LosNJ Las Vegas, NV–AZ Salt Lake City, UT Charlotte, NC–SC MSAs with High Rates

Brown, E. Richard; Wyn, Roberta; Teleki, Stephanie

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "duration resident worms" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Qualification test procedures and results for Honeywell solar collector subsystem, single-family residence  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The test procedures and results are described in qualifying the Honeywell solar collector subsystem. Testing began in mid-August 1976, and was concluded in late February 1977. Testing was done in the following areas: pressure, service loads, hail, solar degradation, pollutants, thermal degradation, and outgassing. Results from these tests are summarized.

Not Available

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Teaching Humanities in Medicine: The University of Massachusetts Family Medicine Residency Program Experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Family Medicine” essays, creative prose, or poetry, “the Creative Writing Award – stories, poems, essays; second,

Silk, Hugh; Shields, Sara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lower on induction electric cooktops, compared with either gas or resistance electric models. Kitchen exhaust fan usage

Less, Brennan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Procedural Skills Training During Emergency Medicine Residency: Are We Teaching the Right Things?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

no . 3 : August 2009 Western Journal of Emergency MedicineDruck, MD, Division of Emergency Medicine, Department ofBinder LS, Marsden J. The emergency physician and knowledge

Druck, Jeffrey; Valley, Morgan A; Lowenstein, Steven R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Passive-solar-heating project for a single-family residence. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project was a passive home heating system utilizing solar collectors that are part of the roof structure of a 15' x 30' greenhouse. The design utilized solar air collectors constructed on site that are actually part of the roof of the greenhouse. The flow of air is from the storage to the collectors then back to the storage. The storage bin consists of a 5' x 19' concrete insulated bin built into the floor of the greenhouse. The storage mass was gallon plastic jugs. The plastic jugs did not work properly, so they are being replaced by salt rods. This replacement will be an after the fact project by the owner. The concrete storage bin was insulated with 2'' plastic foam insulation, applied to the 8'' concrete wall. The ducts entering and leaving the storage bin have low voltage (12 volt) electric dampers. A cross flow system was used. The heated air circulates from the collectors to storage via ducts in the walls of the lean-to design. The removal of heat from the storage bin was from end to end via the ducts to the central air system for the house. In addition, the greenhouse is connected to the house with a doorway that can be opened to circulate air into the house, a shuttled exhaust fan 1/3H.P. motor has aided in the circulation of air from the storage bin to the collectors and back.

Starkey, V.J.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cook top ventilation in passive House/LEED home. (2010).Berkeley National Lab. Passive House Institute U.S. (2011).What is a passive house? Retrieved 11/23, 2012, from http://

Less, Brennan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Demo: A robot-in-residence for data center thermal monitoring and energy efficiency management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We will demonstrate a robot for data center energy management, in action, on a simulated data center floor. We shall highlight the robot's navigation, tile and obstacle classification, event scheduling and preemption capabilities, along with its ability ... Keywords: data center, energy efficiency, robot

Kevin Deland; Jonathan Lenchner; John Nelson; Jonathan Connell; James Thoensen; Jeffrey O. Kephart

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

ForPeerReview Microbiology and performance of a methanogenic biofilm reactor during the1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Biofilm, Anaerobic digestion, Bioreactor start-up, Microbial population21 dynamics, Methanogenesis-00615442,version1-19Aug2011 #12;ForPeerReview 3 Introduction1 Anaerobic digestion is an effective method). The limitation of4 anaerobic digestion processes resides in the duration and instability of their transitory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de