Sample records for dryers clothes washer

  1. Design options for clothes washers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biermayer, Peter J.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses possible design options for improving the energy efficiency of standard capacity, residential clothes washers.

  2. Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

  3. Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR Label Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR...

  4. Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing...

  5. Clothes Dryer Automatic Termination Sensor Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume 1: Characterization of Energy Use in Residential Clothes Dryers. The efficacy and energy efficiency of clothes dryers are studied in this evaluation.

  6. Bern clothes washer study. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomlinson, J.J.; Rizy, D.T.

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US market for domestic clothes washers is currently dominated by conventional, vertical axis washers, which typically require about 40 gallons of water for each load. Although small for an individual load, the fact that 35 billion loads of laundry are washed annually in the US results in a substantial quantity of water and energy use. Although much smaller, today`s market for high-efficiency clothes washers which use much less water and energy is growing albeit slowly as manufacturers are making washers based around tumble-action, horizontal axis designs available, information about their performance and benefits is being developed, and consumers are made aware of these benefits. To help build awareness of these benefits and to accelerate markets for high-efficiency washers, DOE, under its Energy Star Program and in cooperation with Maytag Appliances, conducted a field-evaluation of high-efficiency washers using Bern, Kansas (population approximately 200) as a test bed. Baseline washer performance data as well as customer washing behavior were obtained from data collected on the existing washers of more than 100 participants in this instrumented study. Following a 2-month initial study period, all conventional washers were replaced by high-efficiency, tumble action washers, and the experiment continued for another 3-month period. Based on measured data from over 20,000 loads of laundry, the impact of the washer replacement on (1) individual customers` energy and water consumption, (2) customers` laundry habits and perceptions, and (3) the community`s water supply and waste water systems were determined and reported.

  7. Preliminary engineering analysis for clothes washers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biermayer, Peter J.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Engineering Analysis provides information on efficiencies, manufacturer costs, and other characteristics of the appliance class being analyzed. For clothes washers, there are two classes: standard and compact. Since data were not available to analyze the compact class, only clothes washers were analyzed in this report. For this analysis, individual design options were combined and ordered in a manner that resulted in the lowest cumulative cost/savings ratio. The cost/savings ratio is the increase in manufacturer cost for a design option divided by the reduction in operating costs due to fuel and water savings.

  8. Residential Clothes Dryers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    dryerappendixdv1.1.xlsx More Documents & Publications Illuminated Exit Signs Beverage Vending Machines Residential Clothes Dryer (Appendix D2...

  9. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commercial clothes washers February 2010 - Small electric motors March 2010 - Residential water heaters, direct heating equipment and pool heaters April 2011 - Residential clothes...

  10. Clothes Dryer Automatic Termination Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume 2: Improved Sensor and Control Designs Many residential clothes dryers on the market today provide automatic cycles that are intended to stop when the clothes are dry, as determined by the final remaining moisture content (RMC). However, testing of automatic termination cycles has shown that many dryers are susceptible to over-drying of loads, leading to excess energy consumption. In particular, tests performed using the DOE Test Procedure in Appendix D2 of 10 CFR 430 subpart B have shown that as much as 62% of the energy used in a cycle may be from over-drying. Volume 1 of this report shows an average of 20% excess energy from over-drying when running automatic cycles with various load compositions and dryer settings. Consequently, improving automatic termination sensors and algorithms has the potential for substantial energy savings in the U.S.

  11. Novel Ultra-Low-Energy Consumption Ultrasonic Clothes Dryer ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ultra-Low-Energy Consumption Ultrasonic Clothes Dryer Novel Ultra-Low-Energy Consumption Ultrasonic Clothes Dryer Preliminary measured drying time of fabric sample using ultrasonic...

  12. 2014-01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of...

  13. 2014-11-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Final Rule 2014-11-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Final Rule This document is a...

  14. High Efficiency, High Performance Clothes Dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter Pescatore; Phil Carbone

    2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This program covered the development of two separate products; an electric heat pump clothes dryer and a modulating gas dryer. These development efforts were independent of one another and are presented in this report in two separate volumes. Volume 1 details the Heat Pump Dryer Development while Volume 2 details the Modulating Gas Dryer Development. In both product development efforts, the intent was to develop high efficiency, high performance designs that would be attractive to US consumers. Working with Whirlpool Corporation as our commercial partner, TIAX applied this approach of satisfying consumer needs throughout the Product Development Process for both dryer designs. Heat pump clothes dryers have been in existence for years, especially in Europe, but have not been able to penetrate the market. This has been especially true in the US market where no volume production heat pump dryers are available. The issue has typically been around two key areas: cost and performance. Cost is a given in that a heat pump clothes dryer has numerous additional components associated with it. While heat pump dryers have been able to achieve significant energy savings compared to standard electric resistance dryers (over 50% in some cases), designs to date have been hampered by excessively long dry times, a major market driver in the US. The development work done on the heat pump dryer over the course of this program led to a demonstration dryer that delivered the following performance characteristics: (1) 40-50% energy savings on large loads with 35 F lower fabric temperatures and similar dry times; (2) 10-30 F reduction in fabric temperature for delicate loads with up to 50% energy savings and 30-40% time savings; (3) Improved fabric temperature uniformity; and (4) Robust performance across a range of vent restrictions. For the gas dryer development, the concept developed was one of modulating the gas flow to the dryer throughout the dry cycle. Through heat modulation in a gas dryer, significant time and energy savings, combined with dramatically reduced fabric temperatures, was achieved in a cost-effective manner. The key design factor lay in developing a system that matches the heat input to the dryer with the fabrics ability to absorb it. The development work done on the modulating gas dryer over the course of this program led to a demonstration dryer that delivered the following performance characteristics: (1) Up to 25% reduction in energy consumption for small and medium loads; (2) Up to 35% time savings for large loads with 10-15% energy reduction and no adverse effect on cloth temperatures; (3) Reduced fabric temperatures, dry times and 18% energy reduction for delicate loads; and, (4) Robust performance across a range of vent restrictions.

  15. Clothes Washers, Purchasing Specifications for Energy-Efficient Products (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance and purchasing specifications for residential clothes washers under the FEMP-designated product program.

  16. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Steve; Franco, Victor; Lekov, Alex; Thompson, Lisa; Sturges, Andy

    2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat pump clothes dryers (HPCDs) can be as much as 50percent more energy-efficient than conventional electric resistance clothes dryers, and therefore have the potential to save substantial amounts of electricity. While not currently available in the U.S., there are manufacturers in Europe and Japan that produce units for those markets. Drawing on analysis conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) current rulemaking on amended standards for clothes dryers, this paper evaluates the cost-effectiveness of HPCDs in American homes, as well as the national impact analysis for different market share scenarios. In order to get an accurate measurement of real energy savings potential, the paper offers a new energy use calculation methodology that takes into account the most current data on clothes washer cycles, clothes dryer usage frequency, remaining moisture content, and load weight per cycle, which is very different from current test procedure values. Using the above methodology along with product cost estimates developed by DOE, the paper presents the results of a life-cycle cost analysis of the adoption of HPCDs in a representative sample of American homes. The results show that HPCDs have positive economic benefits only for households with high clothes dryer usage or for households with high electricity prices and moderately high utilization.

  17. Residential Clothes Dryer (Appendix D2) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Clothes Dryer Appendix D2 - v1.0.xlsx More Documents & Publications Water Heaters (Storage Oil) Metal Halide Lamp Ballast and Fixture Commercial Refrigeration Equipment...

  18. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steve

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N ATIONAL L ABORATORY Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Senseof California. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense forCalifornia ABSTRACT Heat pump clothes dryers (HPCDs) can be

  19. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steve

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N ATIONAL L ABORATORY Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make SenseUniversity of California. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers MakeCalifornia ABSTRACT Heat pump clothes dryers (HPCDs) can be

  20. Residential Clothes Washers (Appendix J2) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -Department ofEMSpentResidential Clothes Washers (Appendix

  1. List of Clothes Washers Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,LakefrontLighthouse SolarIList of Clothes Washers

  2. Design and evaluation of washers and dryers for the elderly and wheelchair confined people

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Rina

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since tile early seventies t. here has been a downward trend of home appliances sales. The decrease in sales caused several of the appliance companies like Westinghouse Corporation and Frigidaire to sell their consumer products division. Others like... appliance makers. A summary of their findings follows. A. Washers (1) Front Loading ? One out of the nine was a Front Loading. It is a line of clothes washers called "New Generation" made by white- Westinghouse, which are Front Loading and energy saving...

  3. 2014-01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedures for commercial clothes washers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on January 31, 2014.

  4. (Solar clothes dryer and wastewater heat exchanger). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baer, B.F.

    1984-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The first project investigated the technical possibilities of adapting a domestic electric clothes dryer to utilize solar-heated water as the heat source, replacing electric resistance heat. The second project attempted to extract wastewater heat from a commercial dishwasher to preheat fresh water to be used in the next dish washing cycle. It is felt that the clothes dryer project has met all of intended goals. Although a solar application has some real-world practical problems, the application of a dryer connected directly to the home heating system will prove to be cost-beneficial over the life of a dryer. The additional cost of a heat exchanger is not excessive, and the installation cost, if installed with the initial house plumbing is less than $100. From a practical point of view, the complexity of installing a wastewater heat extracter is considered impractical. The environment in which such equipment must operate is difficult at best, and most restaurants prefer to maintain as simple an operation as possible. If problems were to occur in this type of equipment, the kitchen would effectively be crippled. In conclusion, further research in the concept is not recommended. Recent advances in commercial dishwashers have also considerably reduced the heat losses which accompanied equipment only a few years old.

  5. Heat Pump Clothes Dryer | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of Blythe Solar Power ProjectHawai'i EstablishesChillerEast WingHeatClothes

  6. IMPROVING THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF RESIDENTIAL CLOTHES DRYERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hekmat, D.; Fisk, W.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dryer with a heat pump and an optional air-to-air heatair in a closed loop through the dryer and a heat pump (air from the dryer passes through the evaporator coil of the heat pump

  7. Energy Efficient Clothes Dryer with IR Heating and Electrostatic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    outcome will be a potentially revolutionary energy saving technology for clothes drying. PROJECT IMPACT The proposed technology addresses the major inefficiencies in current...

  8. WashWise cleans up the Northwest: Lessons learned from the Northwest high-efficiency clothes washer initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, L.M.; Banks, D.L.; Brenneke, M.E.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WashWise is a regional market transformation program designed to promote the sale and acceptance or resource-efficient clothes washers (RECWs) in the Northwest through financial incentives, education, and marketing. The Program is sponsored by the Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (the Alliance), a non-profit regional consortium of utilities, government, public interest groups, and private sector organizations. WashWise started in May 1997 and will continue through the end of 1999. WashWise works to transform the clothes washer market primarily at the retail level through an in-store instant rebate and a retailer bonus. In addition to financial incentives, WashWise has undertaken a collaborative marketing and promotional campaign to educate consumers about the financial savings and other benefits of RECWs. The program promotes only RECWs that meet strict energy and water savings criteria. WashWise has far exceeded initial expectations; annual program sales goals were met in the first three months. As of June 1998, 30,000 RECWs have been sold through the program (representing approximately 13 percent of the Northwest residential clothes washer market). In addition, over 540 retailers, including national and regional chains, are participating in the program. Preliminary survey results also have also provided evidence of broad customer satisfaction. This paper reviews the key elements that have contributed to the success of the WashWise program. In addition, the paper provides program results and indicates future directions for WashWise and the RECW market.

  9. 2014-04-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers; Notice of...

  10. Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the late 1970s, energy labeling programs and mandatory energy performance standards have been used in many different countries to improve the efficiency levels of major residential and commercial equipment. As more countries and regions launch programs covering a greater range of products that are traded worldwide, greater attention has been given to harmonizing the specific efficiency criteria in these programs and the test methods for measurements. For example, an international compact fluorescent light (CFL) harmonization initiative was launched in 2006 to focus on collaboration between Australia, China, Europe and North America. Given the long history of standards and labeling programs, most major energy-consuming residential appliances and commercial equipment are already covered under minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) and/or energy labels. For these products, such as clothes washers and CFLs, harmonization may still be possible when national MEPS or labeling thresholds are revised. Greater opportunity for harmonization exists in newer energy-consuming products that are not commonly regulated but are under consideration for new standards and labeling programs. This may include commercial products such as water dispensers and vending machines, which are only covered by MEPS or energy labels in a few countries or regions. As China continues to expand its appliance standards and labeling programs and revise existing standards and labels, it is important to learn from recent international experiences with efficiency criteria and test procedures for the same products. Specifically, various types of standards and labeling programs already exist in North America, Europe and throughout Asia for products in China's 2010 standards and labeling programs, namely clothes washers, water dispensers, vending machines and CFLs. This report thus examines similarities and critical differences in energy efficiency values, test procedure specifications and other technical performance requirements in existing international programs in order to shed light on where Chinese programs currently stands and considerations for their 2010 programs.

  11. Clothes Washers | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.png El CER esDatasetCityFund JumpClimeCoWindpower Jump

  12. EA-0386: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Standards for Consumer Products: Dishwashers, Clothes Washers, and Clothes Dryers

  13. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Heat Pumps Room Air Conditioners Water Heaters Gas Furnaces Clothes Washers Clothes Dryers Dishwashers COMMERCIAL

  14. Residential Sector End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1: Summary Input Assumptions and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, Jonathan G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of electric or gas water heater EFFIC Average householdfreezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, clothes washers,Freezers Refrigerators Water Heaters Dishwashers Clothes

  15. SPATIAL DATA ON ENERGY, ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIOECONOMIC, HEALTH AND DEMOGRAPHIC THEMES AT LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY: 1978 INVENTORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burkhart Ed., B.R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    house heating fuel, water heating fuel, clothes washer and dryer, dishwasher, home freezer, television sets, battery-house heating fuel, water heating fuel, clothes washer and dryer, dishwasher, home freezer, television sets, battery-house heating fuel, water heating fuel, clothes washer and dryer, dishwasher, home freezer, television sets, battery-

  16. Heat Pump Clothes Dryer | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaefer To:Department of Energy Completing theWhiz!NRELEnergy

  17. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011R - 445 CU - 2 3NewNew3

  18. DOE Seeks Comment on Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"WaveInteractions and

  19. Residential Clothes Washers (Appendix J1) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptemberAssessments |FossilThisDepartment of Energy (DOE)TheThe

  20. Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy Chinaof EnergyImpactOn July 2, 2014 in theGroupJuneThis primer on

  1. Energy Department and AHAM Partner to Streamline ENERGY STAR Testing for Washers, Dryers, Refrigerators

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Under a new policy, the Energy Department will work closely with the Association of Home Appliance Manufactures to verify the ENERGY STAR performance of products participating in AHAM’s verification program.

  2. BTO Partners are Revolutionizing Refrigerators and Clothes Dryers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Applying ORNL's strengths in additive manufacturing (3-D printing) and high-performance computing allows research teams to assist industry in bringing new concepts to the...

  3. Improving the Energy Efficiency of Residential Clothes Dryers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hekmat, D.; Fisk, W.J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    industrial drying was a experimentally in 1976 in England by D.L. Hodgett,7 air and by using heat pump

  4. Energy Efficient Clothes Dryer with IR Heating and Electrostatic

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,OfficeEnd of Year 2010 SNFEnergy Policy Act ofRegional Assessments

  5. Novel Energy-Efficient Thermoelectric Clothes Dryer | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartment of Energy NorthB O NThermochemical

  6. BTO Partners are Revolutionizing Refrigerators and Clothes Dryers |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0 ARRAM-04-07 Audit Report: OAS-M-04-07

  7. Residential Clothes Dryers (Appendix D) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptemberAssessments |FossilThisDepartment of Energy (DOE)

  8. Residential Clothes Dryers (Appendix D2) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptemberAssessments |FossilThisDepartment of Energy (DOE)The

  9. Tearable Cloth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Kurt T.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    .............................................. 13 9 Results from Baraf and Witkin............................................................... 15 10 Column buckling from Choi and Ko........................................................ 16 11 Results from Choi and Ko... simulation publications have emerged, each dealing with a specific problem. From these papers, it sems that particle-based simulation has been solidly established as the most efective and eficient method for cloth simulation. In 2002, Kwang-Jin Choi...

  10. Innovative Concept Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0415)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Innovative Concept Appliances, LLC, failed to certify a variety of residential clothes washers and clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  11. 2013-2014 COOPERATIVES LEASE REGULATIONS Cooperatives Collective, University of California, Davis Student Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Brian

    dryers or air conditioners. The Resident agrees to exercise reasonable care in his or her use be responsible for the maintenance, repair or replacement of any furniture, freezers, clothes washers, clothes

  12. 2014-2015 COOPERATIVES LEASE REGULATIONS Cooperatives Collective, University of California, Davis Student Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    dryers or air conditioners. The Resident agrees to exercise reasonable care in his or her use be responsible for the maintenance, repair or replacement of any furniture, freezers, clothes washers, clothes

  13. MC Appliance: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-20002)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that MC Appliance Corporation failed to certify residential clothes washers and residential clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  14. Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 Federal RegisterHydrogen and FuelDefense asDepartmentandPaducahin

  15. 2014-04-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers;

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment ofCBFO-13-3322(EE)Department ofNow4 Year-in-ReviewIceSystems

  16. 2014-11-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Final

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment ofCBFO-13-3322(EE)DepartmentVery LargeStandards forRule |

  17. DOE Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJulyD&DDepartment of EnergyFederaland the Waiver

  18. DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"WaveInteractions andDefinition ofthe Nation'sU.S.Clean CoalWaivers |

  19. Noise Control Eng. J. 54 (3), 2006 MayJun Reducing the noise emitted from a domestic clothes-drying machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podgornik, Rudolf

    the development of large household appliances has increasingly focused on the reduction of noise. In this paper we.grudnik@ gorenje.si. 1 IntRoductIon Customers make their purchases of clothes dryers based on the price, the energy the primary fan flows through the electric heater, enters the clothes drum, and takes moisture from

  20. 530-752-7456 sustainability.ucdavis.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ; washers; water heaters; AC units; ovens; dish washers; dryers; microwaves. Laser scanners; printers

  1. Felix Storch: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/04/0613)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Felix Storch, Inc. failed to certify a variety of residential dishwashers, clothes washers and dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  2. Centrifugal dryers keep pace with the market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiscor, S.

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    New plant design and upgrades create a shift in dewatering strategies. The article describes recent developments. Three major manufacturers supply centrifugal dryers - TEMA, Centrifugal & Mechanical Industries (CMI) and Ludowici. CMI introduced a line of vertical centrifugal dryers. TEMA improved the techniques by developing a horizontal vibratory centrifuge (HVC) which simplified maintenance. 3 figs., 1 photo.

  3. Flexible cloth seal assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bagepalli, B.S.; Taura, J.C.; Aksit, M.F.; Demiroglu, M.; Predmore, D.R.

    1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A seal assembly is described having a flexible cloth seal which includes a shim assemblage surrounded by a cloth assemblage. A first tubular end portion, such as a gas turbine combustor, includes a longitudinal axis and has smooth and spaced-apart first and second surface portions defining a notch there between which is wider at its top than at its bottom and which extends outward from the axis. The second surface portion is outside curved, and a first edge of the cloth seal is positioned in the bottom of the notch. A second tubular end portion, such as a first stage nozzle, is located near, spaced apart from, and coaxially aligned with, the first tubular end portion. The second tubular end portion has a smooth third surface portion which surrounds at least a portion of the first tubular end portion and which is contacted by the cloth seal. 7 figs.

  4. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    savings come primarily from commercial and industrial equipment and residential water heaters. · Savings Ballasts Water Heaters Small Electric Motors Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Clothes Dryers Clothes Incandescent Reflector Lamps Direct Heating Equipment Pool Heaters Clothes Washers, Commercial Dishwashers

  5. Test of a solar crop dryer Danish Technological Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Test of a solar crop dryer Danish Technological Institute Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences Aidt Miljř A/S SEC-R-6 #12;Test of a solar crop dryer Sřren Řstergaard Jensen Danish Technological/S January 2001 #12;Preface The report describes the tests carried out on a solar crop dryer. The work

  6. A New Concept in Dryer Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J. W.

    A new drying model originally derived for thin-wood veneer and successfully applied to the control of a veneer Jet Dryer may be extended for use in controlling the drying of such diverse products as textiles, dog food, pulp and paper, sawdust...

  7. Sustainability Bulletin Clothing Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    Sustainability Bulletin April 2014 #12;Upcoming Clothing Collection March 3-April 14 Hunter Lovins on Wednesday, April 23rd from 11am-2pm brought to you by EAP and the Office of Environmental Sustainability will be in the Campus Center Ballroom to highlight other aspects of well-being such as health, nutrition, sustainability

  8. GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Clothes Washers GE urges the department engage in rulmaking to amend the clothes washer test procedure to reflect efficiency standards of large-capacity residential clothes washer...

  9. Care Labels and Your Clothes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Pamela J.

    1998-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication explains the care symbols that must appear on all clothing. These labels indicate proper care methods--washing, drying, bleaching, ironing and dry cleaning. If clothes are damaged when specified care methods are used, consumers can...

  10. SIMWyPES® Cleaning Cloths

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    2013-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    SIMWyPES cleaning cloths remove hazardous particulates from dry surfaces so well that the contaminants are undetectable....

  11. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steve

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information Administration (EIA). 2009a. Residential Energyemeu/recs/recspubuse05/pubuse05.html USDOE EIA. 2009b.Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and

  12. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steve

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in purchase expense from a less energy-efficient design toa more energy-efficient design to the decrease in annual

  13. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steve

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EIA)’s 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) isEIA). 2009a. Residential Energy Consumption Survey: 2005USDOE EIA. 2009c. Residential Energy Consumption Survey:

  14. Novel Ultra-Low-Energy Consumption Ultrasonic Clothes Dryer | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartment of Energy NorthB O| DepartmentMEAs |

  15. Microcomputer aided calculations of parameters for spray dryer operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeh, J.T.; Gyorke, D.F.; Pennline, H.W.; Drummond, C.J.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a series of practical microcomputer programs that can be used as a tool by engineers and researchers working with spray dryers for combustion process effluent control. The microcomputer programs calculate flue gas composition (CO/sub 2/, N/sub 2/, O/sub 2/, H/sub 2/O, and SO/sub 2/) from the composition of the fuel. The residence time of the flue gas in a spray dryer can be estimated, and using values provided by the user for the flow of water and absorbent slurry in the spray dryer, the program recalculates the flue gas composition and heat capacity at the exit of the spray dryer without accounting for any SO/sub 2/ removal that could occur in the spray dryer. From these values and the system pressure, the dew point and flue gas temperature at the spray dryer exit are calculated, providing the approach to saturation resulting from this choice of operating parameters. This computer code would enable a process engineer to quickly evaluate effects of important process parameters, such as flue gas temperature at the inlet to the spray dryer, atomizer water feed rate, and absorbent slurry concentration and feed rate, on the operation of a spray dryer.

  16. Alternative Heat Recovery Options for Single-Stage Spray Dryers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, J. R.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many powdered products are dried to their final moisture content by use of spray dryers. A basic spray dryer mixes an aqueous feedstock with heated air, vaporizing the water in the feedstock and producing the final dried powder in a single stage...

  17. Steam generator with integral downdraft dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hochmuth, F.W.

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On June 30, 1989, a financial assistance award was granted by the United State Department of Energy, the purpose of which was to study and evaluate the technical aspect, the economic viability, and commercial possibilities of a new furnace design for burning high moisture cellulose type fuels. The new design is an invention by F.W. Hochmuth, P.Eng. and has received United States Patents Nos. 4,480, 557 and 4,502,397. It was conceived as a method to improve the general operation and efficiency of waste wood burning boilers, to avoid the use of stabilizing fuels such as oil or gas, and to reduce objectionable stack emissions. A further objective was to obtain such benefits at relatively low cost by integrating all new material requirements within the furnace itself thereby avoiding the need for costly external equipment. The proposed integral down-draft dryer avoids the use of external dryer systems that are very expensive, have high power consumption, and require a large amount of maintenance. This document provides the details of this invention.

  18. Advanced control strategies for fluidized bed dryers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siettos, C.I.; Kiranoudis, C.T.; Bafas, G.V.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generating the best possible control strategy comprises a necessity for industrial processes, by virtue of product quality, cost reduction and design simplicity. Three different control approaches, namely an Input-Output linearizing, a fuzzy logic and a PID controller, are evaluated for the control of a fluidized bed dryer, a typical non-linear drying process of wide applicability. Based on several closed loop characteristics such as settling times, maximum overshoots and dynamic performance criteria such as IAE, ISE and ITAE, it is shown that the Input-Output linearizing and the fuzzy logic controller exhibit a better performance compared to the PID controller tuned optimally with respect to IAE, for a wide range of disturbances; yet, the relevant advantage of the fuzzy logic over the conventional nonlinear controller issues upon its design simplicity. Typical load rejection and set-point tracking examples are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  19. TENANT NAME ADDRESS APT#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kravets, Robin

    cabinets Bath exhaust fan Medicine cabinet Air conditioner Washer/dryer Other # KEYS: RECEIVED RETURNED

  20. Demonstration of Advanced Technologies for Multi-Load Washers in Hospitality and Healthcare – Wastewater Recycling Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Brian K.; Parker, Graham B.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Sullivan, Greg; Goetzler, W.; Foley, K. J.; Sutherland, T. A.

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this demonstration project was to evaluate market-ready retrofit technologies for reducing the energy and water use of multi-load washers in healthcare and hospitality facilities. Specifically, this project evaluated laundry wastewater recycling technology in the hospitality sector and ozone laundry technology in both the healthcare and hospitality sectors. This report documents the demonstration of a wastewater recycling system installed in the Grand Hyatt Seattle.

  1. Modeling and experimental studies on a domestic solar dryer A. Saleh a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural circulation solar dryer Sun tracking Thin-layer drying models Drying characteristics a b s t r a cModeling and experimental studies on a domestic solar dryer A. Saleh a, *, I. Badran b Q1 t A domestic solar dryer with transparent external surfaces was designed, built and tested. Thin-layer drying

  2. Children's Clothes - Size and Selection.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderpoorten, Ann; Kerbel, Claudia

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tooe ZTA245.7 8-1303 B873 no ? \\'3J~3L-~=============i1 ? ? ? CHILDREN'S CLOTHES, SIZE AND SELECTION ? ~========================~ Texas Agricultural Extension Service. The Texas A&M University System. Daniel C. pfannstiel, Director.... College Station, Texas ," ? (BIaBk Pa,ge in O'rigjaal Bulletinl ' / I' j '. ":SIZE AND SELECTION Ann Vanderpoorten and Claudia Kerbel* Preschool and school-age children have special...

  3. Proposal for a novel chemical heat pump dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ogura, Hironao; Mujumdar, A.S.

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new chemical heat pump (CHP) system for ecofriendly effective utilization of thermal energy in drying is proposed from the viewpoints of energy saving and environmental impact. CHPs can store thermal energy in the form of chemical energy by an endothermic reaction and release it at various temperature levels for heat demands by exo/endothermic reactions. CHPs have potential for heat recovery and dehumidification in the drying process by heat storage and high/low temperature heat release. In this study, the authors estimate the potential of the CHP application to drying systems for industrial use. Some combined systems of CHPs and dryers are proposed as chemical heat pump dryers (CHPD). The potential for commercialization of CHPDs is discussed.

  4. [DELTA T dryer/moisture control system]. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Drying Technology, Inc. was awarded a grant for the purpose of extending DELTA T dryer/moisture control technology into additional industries. Ultimate purpose of the grant was to save energy and improve efficiency in the process industries. Results indicate that these objectives have been met and will continue as this new technology is duplicated in the present industries and also is extended into other industries as well.

  5. Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wash performance, water extraction, etc. ) during whichand spin extraction processes as well as heating water is

  6. Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Australia uses a national test procedure based on IEC 60456 for its MEPS and mandatory energy and water efficiencyEnergy Star revisions. In 2005, Australia adopted mandatory water efficiency

  7. Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Energy Star, Australia, Brazil and EU programs butBesides Energy Star, all China, Australia, Brazil and EUBrazil, South Korea and Australia also have mandatory energy

  8. Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rated power. Australia’s high efficiency power factor andof 0.55. Australia, Brazil and the EU have additional powerrated power and in the cases of China, Japan, and Australia,

  9. Improving Dryer and Press Efficiencies Through Combustion of Hydrocarbon Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sujit Banerjee

    2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Emission control devices on dryers and presses have been legislated into the industry, and are now an integral part of the drying system. These devices consume large quantities of natural gas and electricity and down-sizing or eliminating them will provide major energy savings. The principal strategy taken here focuses on developing process changes that should minimize (and in some cases eliminate) the need for controls. A second approach is to develop lower-cost control options. It has been shown in laboratory and full-scale work that Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) emerge mainly at the end of the press cycle for particleboard, and, by extension, to other prod-ucts. Hence, only the air associated with this point of the cycle need be captured and treated. A model for estimating terpene emissions in the various zones of veneer dryers has been developed. This should allow the emissions to be concentrated in some zones and minimized in others, so that some of the air could be directly released without controls. Low-cost catalysts have been developed for controlling HAPs from dryers and presses. Catalysts conventionally used for regenerative catalytic oxidizers can be used at much lower temperatures for treating press emissions. Fluidized wood ash is an especially inexpensive mate-rial for efficiently reducing formaldehyde in dryer emissions. A heat transfer model for estimating pinene emissions from hot-pressing strand for the manufacture of flakeboard has been constructed from first principles and validated. The model shows that most of the emissions originate from the 1-mm layer of wood adjoining the platen surface. Hence, a simple control option is to surface a softwood mat with a layer of hardwood prior to pressing. Fines release a disproportionate large quantity of HAPs, and it has been shown both theo-retically and in full-scale work that particles smaller than 400 ���µm are principally responsible. Georgia-Pacific is considering green-screening their furnish at several of their mills in order to remove these particles and reduce their treatment costs.

  10. Steam generator with integral downdraft dryer. Final project report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hochmuth, F.W.

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On June 30, 1989, a financial assistance award was granted by the United State Department of Energy, the purpose of which was to study and evaluate the technical aspect, the economic viability, and commercial possibilities of a new furnace design for burning high moisture cellulose type fuels. The new design is an invention by F.W. Hochmuth, P.Eng. and has received United States Patents Nos. 4,480, 557 and 4,502,397. It was conceived as a method to improve the general operation and efficiency of waste wood burning boilers, to avoid the use of stabilizing fuels such as oil or gas, and to reduce objectionable stack emissions. A further objective was to obtain such benefits at relatively low cost by integrating all new material requirements within the furnace itself thereby avoiding the need for costly external equipment. The proposed integral down-draft dryer avoids the use of external dryer systems that are very expensive, have high power consumption, and require a large amount of maintenance. This document provides the details of this invention.

  11. Clothes That Care -- Flame Resistant Protection.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerbel, Claudia

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fabrics , how to care for FR clothing, how consumers can express opinions about flame-resistant gar ments and how consumers can avoid fires at home. Protection For . .. Certain groups are more likely to be involved in clothing fire accidents than... fr quently than in their proportional share of the population . People whose reflexes are slowed by drugs , alcohol , physical disability or mental illness are also susceptible to injury or death by fire be cause they cannot respond quickly...

  12. LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Clothes Washers LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010. After DOE...

  13. ISSUANCE 2014-12-05: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ISSUANCE 2014-12-05: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes Washers Final Rule ISSUANCE 2014-12-05: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes Washers Final...

  14. DOE Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers and the Waiver Process Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing...

  15. Demonstration of Advanced Technologies for Multi-Load Washers in Hospitality and Healthcare – Ozone Based Laundry Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Brian K.; Parker, Graham B.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Sullivan, Greg; Goetzler, W.; Sutherland, T. A.; Foley, K. J.

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this demonstration project was to evaluate market-ready retrofit technologies for reducing the energy and water use of multi-load washers in healthcare and hospitality facilities. Specifically, this project evaluated laundry wastewater recycling technology in the hospitality sector and ozone laundry technology in both the healthcare and hospitality sectors. This report documents the demonstration of ozone laundry system installations at the Charleston Place Hotel in Charleston, Sout Carolina, and the Rogerson House assisted living facility in Boston, Massachusetts.

  16. Spray dryer/baghouse system testing - CRADA 92-001. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pennline, H.W. [Dept. of Energy, Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, PA (United States)]|[Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA (United States)

    1992-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of seven tests were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of scrubbing both NO{sub 2} and SO{sub 2} in a spray dryer/baghouse system. The operating conditions specified were a high spray dryer inlet temperature (500{degrees}F), and a high spray dryer outlet temperature (250 to 300 {degrees}F). The data required to adequately evaluate the effectiveness of this technology is enclosed. Discussion of some of the variables as well as an itemized list of the testing information is part of the report.

  17. Press and Dryer Roll Surgaces and Web Transfer Systems for Ultra High Paper Maching Speeds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T. F. Patterson

    2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the project was to provide fundamental knowledge and diagnostic tools needed to design new technologies that will allow ultra high speed web transfer from press rolls and dryer cylinders.

  18. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode03v0021cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth Documentation Data11cloth61cloth11cloth21cloth

  19. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode2ci200608161cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth511041cloth404151cloth511041cloth8161cloth

  20. Dynamic predictive clothing insulation models based on outdoor air and indoor operative temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    predictive clothing insulation models based on outdoor airrange of the clothing insulation calculated for eachbuilding). Figure 8 Clothing insulation versus dress code [

  1. Influence of two dynamic predictive clothing insulation models on building energy performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kwang Ho; Schiavon, Stefano

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Predictive Clothing Insulation Models on Building Energyunnecessarily higher clothing insulation and lower heatingthat the constant clothing insulation assumption lead to the

  2. Predictive clothing insulation model based on outdoor air and indoor operative temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2012) Predictive clothing insulation model based on outdoorPredictive clothing insulation model based on outdoor airpredictive models of clothing insulation have been developed

  3. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode03v0011cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth Documentation Data11cloth61cloth11cloth

  4. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode04v0011cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth Documentation41cloth Documentation91cloth11cloth

  5. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode04v0061cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth Documentation41cloth31cloth Documentation61cloth

  6. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode2ci200404141cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth511041cloth404151cloth Documentation4141cloth

  7. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode2ci200511041cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth511041cloth404151cloth511041cloth Documentation

  8. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode2ci200606161cloth

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  12. Demonstration of energy conservation for multi-deck board dryers: Phase I. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study to determine the feasibility of recovering and reusing heat from a large multi-deck dryer used in the manufacture of roof insulation board is described. Pilot scale tests and analyses show that heat recovery designs utilizing several types of heat exchange equipment are feasible. These include: indirect contact air-to-air heat exchangers for preheating combustion air for the dryer furnaces; direct contact air-to-water heat exchangers using water sprays to heat process water; and indirect contact air-to-liquid heat exchangers to heat recirculating liquid in a plant building heating system. (MCW)

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  15. Design and measured performance of a solar chimney for natural circulation solar energy dryers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ekechukwu, O.V. [Univ. of Nigeria, Naukka (Nigeria). Energy Research Centre; Norton, B. [Univ. of Ulster, Newtownabbey (Ireland)

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental solar chimney consisted of a cylindrical polyethylene-clad vertical chamber supported by steel framework and draped internally with a selectively absorbing surface. The performance of the chimney which was monitored extensively is reported. Issues related to the design and construction of solar chimneys for natural circulation solar energy dryers are discussed.

  16. Demonstration of energy conservation for multi-deck board dryers. Phase I. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A study was made to determine the feasibility of recover and reuse of low level heat from the exhausts of multi-deck dryers used to dry boards in the building materials industry. There are approximately 1000 dryers of this type in the USA, with no heat recovery equipment. These dryers are used in the manufacture of: roof insulation board, ceiling tile and panel stock, wood fiber sheathing, gypsum board, and veneer plywood. Pilot scale tests and analyses show that heat recovery designs utilizing several types of heat exchange equipment are feasible. These include the following: indirect contact air-to-air heat exchangers for preheating combustion air for the dryer furnaces; direct contact air-to-water heat exchangers using water sprays to heat process water; and indirect contact air-to-liquid heat exchangers to heat recirculating liquid in a plant building heating system. The systems recommended for design and installation at the Rockdale plant include all three of the types of heat exchangers. The preliminary estimate for the installed cost for these systems at the Rockdale plant is $565,000 (1979 dllars). Annual heat recovery of 186,000 million Btu is projected with a value of $545,000 using gas costs of $3.00 per million Btu. Payback based on a discounted cash flow analysis using ten year depreciation is about two years.

  17. Steam Dryer Segmentation and Packaging at Grand Gulf Nuclear Station - 13577

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreitman, Paul J.; Sirianni, Steve R.; Pillard, Mark M. [Westinghouse Nuclear Services, 1 Energy Drive, Lake Bluff, Illinois 60044 (United States)] [Westinghouse Nuclear Services, 1 Energy Drive, Lake Bluff, Illinois 60044 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entergy recently performed an Extended Power Up-rate (EPU) on their Grand Gulf Nuclear Station, near Port Gibson, Mississippi. To support the EPU, a new Steam Dryer Assembly was installed during the last refueling outage. Due to limited access into the containment, the large Replacement Steam Dryer (RSD) had to be brought into the containment in pieces and then final assembly was completed on the refueling floor before installation into the reactor. Likewise, the highly contaminated Original Steam Dryer (OSD) had to be segmented into manageable sections, loaded into specially designed shielded containers, and rigged out of containment where they will be safely stored until final disposal is accomplished at an acceptable waste repository. Westinghouse Nuclear Services was contracted by Entergy to segment, package and remove the OSD from containment. This work was performed on critical path during the most recent refueling outage. The segmentation was performed underwater to minimize radiation exposure to the workers. Special hydraulic saws were developed for the cutting operations based on Westinghouse designs previously used in Sweden to segment ABB Reactor Internals. The mechanical cutting method was selected because of its proven reliability and the minimal cutting debris that is generated by the process. Maintaining stability of the large OSD sections during cutting was accomplished using a custom built support stand that was installed into the Moisture Separator Pool after the Moisture Separator was installed back in the reactor vessel. The OSD was then moved from the Steam Dryer Pool to the Moisture Separator Pool for segmentation. This scenario resolved the logistical challenge of having two steam dryers and a moisture separator in containment simultaneously. A water filtration/vacuum unit was supplied to maintain water clarity during the cutting and handling operations and to collect the cutting chips. (authors)

  18. Interactive Animation of Cloth-like Objects in Virtual Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Interactive Animation of Cloth-like Objects in Virtual Reality Mark Meyer Caltech Gilles Debunne iMAGIS/IMAG Mathieu Desbrun USC/Caltech Alan H. Barr Caltech Abstract Modeling and animation of cloth has experienced to realistically drape objects or human characters in a fairly efficient way. However, real-time realistic

  19. Incorporating Energy Efficiency into Western Interconnection Transmission Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fan Dish Washer Central Air-Conditioning Clothes Washer HeatCooling Television Room Air-Conditioning Lighting Waste Heatresidential central air conditioning) could result in a

  20. Influence Of Three Dynamic Predictive Clothing Insulation Models On Building Energy Use, HVAC Sizing And Thermal Comfort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Predictive Clothing Insulation Models based on Outdoor AirPREDICTIVE CLOTHING INSULATION MODELS ON BUILDING ENERGYthat the clothing insulation is equal to a constant value of

  1. Department of Energy Announces Tougher Criteria for ENERGY STAR® Clothes

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015 Business42.1 DEPARTMENTSeptemberGlobalUniversitiesResearch Center |Washers |

  2. Slurry atomizer for a coal-feeder and dryer used to provide coal at gasifier pressure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Loth, John L. (Morgantown, WV); Smith, William C. (Morgantown, WV); Friggens, Gary R. (Morgantown, WV)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is directed to a coal-water slurry atomizer for use a high-pressure dryer employed in a pumping system utilized to feed coal into a pressurized coal gasifier. The slurry atomizer is provided with a venturi, constant area slurry injection conduit, and a plurality of tangentially disposed steam injection ports. Superheated steam is injected into the atomizer through these ports to provide a vortical flow of the steam, which, in turn, shears slurry emerging from the slurry injection conduit. The droplets of slurry are rapidly dispersed in the dryer through the venturi where the water is vaporized from the slurry by the steam prior to deleterious heating of the coal.

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1clothProductsmmcrmodemmcrmode2ci200804181cloth Documentation6161cloth Documentation

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation404141cloth408121cloth

  16. PROJECTS FROM FEDERAL REGION IX DOE APPROPRIATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PILOT PROGRAM - PART I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case, C.W.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    6. Western Pacific Solar Hot Water Heater Construction andA schedule in pool pump, water heater, clothes dryer, airappliances include the water heater, clothes dryer, and

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar DocumentationProductsmicrobasemicrobasepiavg11cloth

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  1. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode1bl200408121cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth

  2. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode3ge200804181cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1clothProductsmmcrmodemmcrmode2ci200804181cloth

  3. COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE MANUFACTURED AGGREGATE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING SPRAY DRYER ASH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy Scandrol

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Universal Aggregates, LLC proposes to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the Universal Aggregates share is $12.3 (63%). The project team consists of CONSOL Energy Inc., P.J. Dick, Inc., SynAggs, LLC, and Universal Aggregates, LLC. The Birchwood Facility will transform 115,000 tons per year of spray dryer by-products that are currently being disposed of in an offsite landfill into 167,000 tons of a useful product, lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight and medium weight masonry blocks. In addition to the environmental benefits, the Birchwood Facility will create nine (9) manufacturing jobs plus additional employment in the local trucking industry to deliver the aggregate to customers or reagents to the facility. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one (21) spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray dryer by-product to economically justify the installation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing facility. Industry sources believe that as additional scrubbing is required, dry FGD technologies will be the technology of choice. Letters from potential lightweight aggregate customers indicate that there is a market for the product once the commercialization barriers are eliminated by this demonstration project.

  4. COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE MANUFACTURED AGGREGATE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING SPRAY DRYER ASH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy Scandrol

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Universal Aggregates, LLC proposes to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the Universal Aggregates share is $12.3 (63%). The project team consists of CONSOL Energy Inc., P.J. Dick, Inc., SynAggs, LLC, and Universal Aggregates, LLC. The Birchwood Facility will transform 115,000 tons per year of spray dryer by-products that are currently being disposed of in an offsite landfill into 167,000 tons of a useful product, lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight and medium weight masonry blocks. In addition to the environmental benefits, the Birchwood Facility will create eight (8) manufacturing jobs plus additional employment in the local trucking industry to deliver the aggregate to customers or reagents to the facility. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one (21) spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray dryer by-product to economically justify the installation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing facility. Industry sources believe that as additional scrubbing is required, dry flue gas desulfurization (FGD) technologies will be the technology of choice. Letters from potential lightweight aggregate customers indicate that there is a market for the product once the commercialization barriers are eliminated by this demonstration project.

  5. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode01v0031cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1cloth Documentationminnisdar31cloth Documentation Data Management Facility

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1clothProductsmmcrmodemmcrmode2ci200804181cloth Documentation Data Management

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1clothProductsmmcrmodemmcrmode2ci200804181cloth Documentation Data

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office ofProductsarsclarscl1clothProductsmmcrmodemmcrmode2ci200804181cloth Documentation

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI:pr200804181cloth

  11. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode4ro200404141cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation404141cloth Documentation

  12. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode4ro200712011cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation404141cloth

  13. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode6p1200408121cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks)408121cloth Documentation Data

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  15. Electrolux to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers More Documents & Publications GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG to...

  16. An Evaluation on Woven Cloth Rendering Wallace Yuen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Jing

    technologies for cloth rendering. However, it is not clear what technology is suitable for what types far no research exists comparing digital representations of fabric rendering techniques. This paper, and weaving patterns. Several existing methods are discussed and we analyze their advantages and disadvan

  17. Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, T.P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Air Conditioner Energy Efficiency and Consumption Trends.Washers — Energy Efficiency and Consumption Trends, Chicago,Dryers — Energy Efficiency and Consumption Trends, Chicago,

  18. Data:5b74d5b1-6111-4038-b0dd-5f1c6de76b9c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector: Residential Description: Available to those Members desiring surge protection for home appliances, which include but are not limited to, washers, dryers, electric ranges...

  19. RESIDENTIAL WEATHERIZATION SPECIFICATIONS August 30, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    combustion appliances, except gas cooking appliances and gas clothes dryers, shall have outside combustion

  20. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING BASED ON PERMSELECTIVE MEMBRANE AND CARBON ADSORPTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.G. Wijmans; J.O. Stull

    2001-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to develop chemical protective clothing for use by DOE decontamination and decommissioning workers that is sufficiently water vapor permeable to keep the workers cool, thereby enhancing their productivity. This report describes the results of Phase II of a two-phase project to complete development of the novel permselective material and to test protective clothing made from the fabric. In Phase I a novel material incorporating a nonporous hydrophilic polyvinylacohol (PVA) layer, which is water vapor permeable but relatively impermeable to organic vapors, was developed. The results of the Phase I tests showed that the chemical resistance of the MTR material is comparable to that of Saranex/Tyvek materials, and that the comfort properties are closer to those of Tyvek (as measured in terms of CLO and permeability). Chemical resistance was measured using permeation tests against liquid dichloromethane. Comfort properties were ascertained by measuring the water vapor transmission of the material and by sweating manikin tests on whole protective suits. In addition, a cost/benefit analysis demonstrated that use of MTR's material technology could result in significant improvements in work productivity and cost savings if protective clothing items made from the new material were used more than once. In Phase II, MTR undertook a program to optimize the performance and production engineering for the new material technology. A partnership was formed with Kimberly-Clark Corporation to assist with a detailed evaluation of the MTR technology, and MTR used the services of Mr. Jeff Stull, President of the consulting firm International Personnel Protection, Inc., who conducted a detailed economic and application analysis for the developed fabric. The protective fabric manufacturing steps were simplified significantly, resulting in a 30% reduction in manufacturing costs and eliminating the necessity for capital investment in production equipment. Protective suits were prepared in collaboration with Kimberly-Clark Corporation and heat stress testing with human test subjects was carried out by the International Union of Operating Engineers (IUOE). The tests confirmed that the MTR protective fabric is significantly more comfortable than non-breathable materials. A cost analysis was developed from the properties of the optimized protective fabric and the results of the of the IUOE field study to determine the potential for the MTR material technology within the chemical protective clothing market. A detailed assessment of the specific chemical protective clothing applications for which the material can be used and its competitiveness with existing material technology, based both on expected performance and material/end item costs, was prepared. Three specific market opportunities identified for the novel protective fabric are: (1) liquid splash protective clothing for hazardous waste site operations, (2) liquid splash protective clothing for emergency response, and (3) Class 3 NFPA 1994-compliant protective clothing for civilian use during chemical terrorism incidents.

  1. Mothers' Attitudes and Satisfactions Concerning Teenage Daughters' Clothing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bathke, Carol Sander.; Burson, L. Sharon (Linda Sharon)

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to daughters. Drake indicated that nearly two-thirds of the girls had felt ill-at-ease on occasion because they thought they were unsuitably dressed (8). This research indicated that only 28 percent of the mothers thought their daughters felt this way... acting jointly or inde- pendently of their mothers. Number of Dresses Acquired According to popular opinion, which was ques- tioned by Drake (8), teenage girls think large quantities of garments will solve their clothing problems. This atti- tude...

  2. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode01v0021cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  4. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode4pr200608161cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI:

  5. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode4ro200309091cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation

  6. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode5p0200804181cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks)

  7. Comparison of thermoelectric and permeation dryers for sulfur dioxide removal during sample conditioning of wet gas streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunder, T.A. [Entropy, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States). Research Div.; Leighty, D.A. [Perma Pure, Inc., Toms River, NJ (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Flue gas conditioning for moisture removal is commonly performed for criteria pollutant measurements, in particular for extractive CEM systems at combustion sources. An implicit assumption is that conditioning systems specifically remove moisture without affecting pollutant and diluent concentrations. Gas conditioning is usually performed by passing the flue gas through a cold trap (Peltier or thermoelectric dryer) to remove moisture by condensation, which is subsequently extracted by a peristaltic pump. Many air pollutants are water-soluble and potentially susceptible to removal in a condensation dryer from gas interaction with liquid water. An alternative technology for gas conditioning is the permeation dryer, where the flue gas passes through a selectively permeable membrane for moisture removal. In this case water is transferred through the membrane while other pollutants are excluded, and the gas does not contact condensed liquid. Laboratory experiments were performed to measure the relative removal of a water-soluble pollutant (sulfur dioxide, SO{sub 2}) by the two conditioning techniques. A wet gas generating system was used to create hot, wet gas streams of known composition (15% and 30% moisture, balance nitrogen) and flow rate. Pre-heated SO{sub 2} was dynamically spiked into the wet stream using mass flow meters to achieve concentrations of 20, 50, and 100 ppm. The spiked gas was directed through a heated sample line to either a thermoelectric or a permeation conditioning system. Two gas analyzers (Western Research UV gas monitor, KVB/Analect FTIR spectrometer) were used to measure the SO{sub 2} concentration after conditioning. Both analytic methods demonstrated that SO{sub 2} is removed to a significantly greater extent by the thermoelectric dryer. These results have important implications for SO{sub 2} monitoring and emissions trading.

  8. Characterization of NO[sub 2] and SO[sub 2] removals in a spray dryer/baghouse system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Dowd, W.J.; Markussen, J.M.; Pennline, H.W. (Dept. of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)); Resnik, K.P. (Gilbert/Commonwealth, Inc., Library, PA (United States))

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxidation of NO to NO[sub 2] has been proposed as a method for enhancing NO[sub x] removals in conventional flue gas desulfurization (FGD) processes. This experimental investigation characterizes the removals of NO[sub 2] and SO[sub 2] in a 1.1 m[sup 3](standard)/min spray dryer/baghouse system. Flue gas was generated by burning a No. 2 fuel oil, which was subsequently spiked upstream of the spray dryer with NO[sub 2] or SO[sub 2] or both. Lime slurry was injected via a rotary atomizer into the spray dryer. Variables studied include the approach to the adiabatic saturation temperature, stoichiometric ratio, SO[sub 2] concentration, and NO[sub 2] concentration. Significant quantities of NO[sub 2] are scrubbed in this system, and over half of the total removal (at inlet NO[sub 2] > 400 ppm) occurs in the baghouse. Increasing NO[sub 2] concentrations enhance the amount of NO[sub x] removed in the system. Also, the presence of significant quantities of NO[sub 2] enhances the baghouse SO[sub 2] removal. Although up to 72% NO[sub 2] removals were obtained, concentrations of NO[sub 2] that exited the system were greater than 50 ppm for all conditions investigated.

  9. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode4pr200511041cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027352 [

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027352

  11. Experimental study of the performance of solar dryers with pebble beds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helwa, N.H.; Rehim, Z.S.A. [National Research Center, Cairo (Egypt)

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Major problems of the arid region are transportation of agricultural products and losses due to spoilage of the products, especially in summer. This work presents the performance of a solar drying system consisting of an air heater and a dryer chamber connected to a greenhouse. The drying system is designed to dry a variety of agricultural products. The effect of air mass flow rate on the drying process is studied. Composite pebbles, which are constructed from cement and sand, are used to store energy for night operation. The pebbles are placed at the bottom of the drying chamber and are charged during the drying process itself. A separate test is done using a simulator, a packed bed storage unit, to find the thermal characteristics of the pebbles during charging and discharging modes with time. Accordingly, the packed bed is analyzed using a heat transfer model with finite difference technique described before and during the charging and discharging processes. Graphs are presented that depict the thermal characteristics and performance of the pebble beds and the drying patterns of different agricultural products. The results show that the amount of energy stored in the pebbles depends on the air mass flow rate, the inlet air temperature, and the properties of the storage materials. The composite pebbles can be used efficiently as storing media.

  12. The effects of temperature, clothing and task on job performance and worker satisfaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vickroy, Stephen Christopher

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    17 55. 68 1. 88 16. 88 6. 10 14. 72 0. 01 Z. 68 186. 42 0 20 1. 79 . 02 . 0002 . 92 . 0001 . 65 . 19 Error 112 9. 42 31 Figure 5 Temperature x Clothing Interaction for Working Conditions 16. 00 15. 00 14. 00 13. 00 12. 00... Satisfaction 11. 00 With 10. 00 Working 9. 00 Conditions 8. 00 7. 00 6. 00 5. 00 4, 00 (15. 4)x (7. 8) 1 i ght clothing (14. 1) x (6. 4) heavy clothing 65' temperature 32 Table 4 Temperature x Task x Clothing ANOVA for Intrinsic Task...

  13. Versatile Indian sari: Clothing insulation with different drapes of typical sari ensembles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indraganti, Madhavi; Lee, Juyoun; Zhang, Hui; Arens, Edward

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extension of the Clothing Insulation Database for Standardand air movement on that insulation. , s.l. : s.n. Havenith,Estimation of the thermal insulation and evaporative

  14. Problem Type Problem Type Description Air Conditioning Air conditioner not working, leaking, etc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    Problem Type Problem Type Description Air Conditioning Air conditioner not working, leaking, etc, Microfridges Doors and Hardware Door repair/replace Lock, latch or hinge repair, key stuck; Lost or stolen key, repair or replace Shades/Blinds Window treatment - repair or replace Washer/Dryer Washer/Dryer repair

  15. 2015-03-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Gas Association (AGA) for DOE Furnace Product Class Schematic of drum-integrated thermoelectric dryer. Novel Energy-Efficient Thermoelectric Clothes Dryer Regulatory Burden RFI...

  16. SectionILesson7ZippersandFacings Master Clothing Volunteer Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a facing. P Share something they have learned during the lessons. #12;Master Clothing Volunteer Program Construction Lesson 7: Zippers and Facings (7) 1 Section I Basic Clothing Construction Lesson 7 Zippers of the Lesson Participants should be able to: P Insert a lapped and a centered zipper. P Interface and stitch

  17. DYNAMIC SIMULATION OF INEXTENSIBLE CLOTH Jan Bender, Daniel Bayer and Raphael Diziol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prautzsch, Hartmut

    DYNAMIC SIMULATION OF INEXTENSIBLE CLOTH Jan Bender, Daniel Bayer and Raphael Diziol Institut fĂĽr-based modelling, impulse-based simulation, inelastic textiles 1. INTRODUCTION The dynamic simulation of cloth an efficient simulation. For example, Georgii and Westermann (2005) describe a method for a fast dynamic

  18. LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report:40PM toLED Lighting FactsWashers | Department of

  19. ISSUANCE 2014-12-05: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions for DOEthe Ranking Member,711997Security System (ISS) IntegratedWashers

  20. Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milton Wu; Paul Yuran

    2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Universal Aggregates LLC (UA) was awarded a cost sharing Co-operative Agreement from the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Power Plant Improvement Initiative Program (PPII) to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia in October 2001. The Agreement was signed in November 2002. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the UA share is $12.3 million (63%). The original project team consists of UA, SynAggs, LLC, CONSOL Energy Inc. and P. J. Dick, Inc. Using 115,000 ton per year of spray dryer ash (SDA), a dry FGD by-product from the power station, UA will produce 167,000 tons of manufactured lightweight aggregate for use in production of concrete masonry units (CMU). Manufacturing aggregate from FGD by-products can provide an economical high-volume use and substantially expand market for FGD by-products. Most of the FGD by-products are currently disposed of in landfills. Construction of the Birchwood Aggregate Facility was completed in March 2004. Operation startup was begun in April 2004. Plant Integration was initiated in December 2004. Integration includes mixing, extrusion, curing, crushing and screening. Lightweight aggregates with proper size gradation and bulk density were produced from the manufacturing aggregate plant and loaded on a stockpile for shipment. The shipped aggregates were used in a commercial block plant for CMU production. However, most of the production was made at low capacity factors and for a relatively short time in 2005. Several areas were identified as important factors to improve plant capacity and availability. Equipment and process control modifications and curing vessel clean up were made to improve plant operation in the first half of 2006. About 3,000 tons of crushed aggregate was produced in August 2006. UA is continuing to work to improve plant availability and throughput capacity and to produce quality lightweight aggregate for use in commercial applications.

  1. aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 21 Smart Clothing for the Arctic Environment CiteSeer Summary: New fiber and textile...

  2. Methyl isocyanate liquid and vapor permeation through selected respirator diaphragms and chemical protective clothing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berardinelli, S.P.; Moyer, E.S.

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Initially, a study was undertaken to evaluate selected chemical protective clothing suitable for use by emergency response personnel confronted with methyl isocyanate (MIC). Twenty-two chemical protective clothing materials were tested against liquid methyl isocyanate. Chemical permeation breakthrough times for these clothing materials demonstrate that only one of these garments can be considered as a candidate material against liquid MIC. In a subsequent study, three chemical protective clothing materials were evaluated against approximately 800 ppm MIC vapor. Chemical permeation breakthrough times demonstrate that these materials can be considered candidate materials. A final study tested self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) diaphragms. Four SCBA diaphragms were tested and all experienced rapid breakthrough when exposed to liquid MIC. Next, three SCBA diaphragms were exposed to approximately 800 ppm MIC vapor. The data demonstrate that the SCBA should be worn inside a total encapsulating suit.

  3. Automatic Modeling of Virtual Humans and Body Clothing Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Hyewon Seo, Frederic Cordier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordier, Frederic

    Automatic Modeling of Virtual Humans and Body Clothing Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Hyewon Seo-mail: {thalmann, seo, cordier}@miralab.unige.ch Abstract Highly realistic virtual human models are rapidly

  4. SWEEP - Save Water & Energy Education Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Gregory P.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hillman, Tim C.; Hadley, Adam; Ledbetter, Marc R.; Payson, David R.

    2001-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study was to develop, monitor, analyze, and report on an integrated resource-conservation program highlighting efficient residential appliances and fixtures. The sites of study were 50 homes in two water-constrained communities located in Oregon. The program was designed to maximize water savings to these communities and to serve as a model for other communities seeking an integrated approach to energy and water resource efficiency. The program included the installation and in-place evaluation of energy- and water-efficient devices including the following: horizontal axis clothes washers (and the matching clothes dryers), resource-efficient dishwashers, an innovative dual flush low-flow toilet, low-flow showerheads, and faucet aerators. The significance of this activity lies in its integrated approach and unique metering evaluation of individual end-use, aggregated residential total use, and system-wide energy and water benefits.

  5. Articles of protective clothing adapted for deflecting chemical permeation and methods therefor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus and methods for detecting the permeation of hazardous or toxic chemicals through protective clothing are disclosed. The hazardous or toxic chemicals of interest do not possess the spectral characteristic of luminescence. The apparatus and methods utilize a spectrochemical modification technique to detect the luminescence quenching of an indicator compound which upon permeation of the chemical through the protective clothing, the indicator is exposed to the chemical, thus indicating chemical permeation.

  6. Articles of protective clothing adapted for deflecting chemical permeation and methods there for

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vo-Dinh, T.

    1996-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus and methods for detecting the permeation of hazardous or toxic chemicals through protective clothing are disclosed. The hazardous or toxic chemicals of interest do not possess the spectral characteristic of luminescence. The apparatus and methods utilize a spectrochemical modification technique to detect the luminescence quenching of an indicator compound which upon permeation of the chemical through the protective clothing, the indicator is exposed to the chemical, thus indicating chemical permeation. 12 figs.

  7. Health and Safety Guide for Home Performance Contractors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stratton, Chris

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic Compounds (VOCs) Water heater repair/replacementfireplaces Pipe insulation Water heater insulation Asbestosboilers woodstoves water heaters ranges clothes dryers

  8. 2015-03-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment ofCBFO-13-3322(EE)DepartmentVery5Dryers; Request for Information |

  9. EA-1344: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Proposed Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers The Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, specifies that the Department must consider, for new or...

  10. 2014-02-21 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for commercial clothes washers, as issued by the Assistant Secretary on February 21, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected,...

  11. Golden Opportunity: Order (2014-CE-20003) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Golden Opportunity had failed to certify that certain models of room air conditioners, central air conditionersheat pumps, and residential clothes washers comply with the...

  12. Central New Mexico Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Central New Mexico Electric Cooperative (CNMEC) provides an incentive for its residential members to purchase energy efficient water heaters, clothes washers, dishwashers, refrigerators, and...

  13. Earthjustice, Appliance Standards Awareness Project, Natural...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Council - Comments in response to DOE solicitation of views on the implementation of test procedure waivers for large capacity clothes washers Earthjustice, Appliance Standards...

  14. Unitil- Residential Energy Efficiency Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Unitil offers New Hampshire residential customers a number of programs to encourage more energy efficient homes. The Energy Star Appliance Program provides rebates for clothes washers, air...

  15. Gunnison County Electric- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Gunnison County Electric Association (GCEA), a Touchstone Energy Cooperative, has a residential rebate program for eligible Energy Star appliances including clothes washers, dishwashers,...

  16. Clark Public Utilities- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clark Public Utilities offers several energy incentives for residential customers to increase the energy efficiency of their homes. Rebates are offered for refrigerators, freezers, clothes washers,...

  17. activation analysis methodology: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Emissions rate per unitMotors Distribution Transformers Product Class Distribution Transformers Commercial Clothes Washers Units McNeil, Michael A. 2013-01-01 42 A Novel...

  18. DOE response to questions from AHAM on the supplemental proposed...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    response to questions from AHAM on the supplemental proposed test procedure for residential clothes washers DOE response to questions from AHAM on the supplemental proposed test...

  19. McMinnville Water and Light- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    McMinnville Water and Light (MWL) offers rebates on energy efficient homes, appliances and equipment to residential customers. Rebates are valid on refrigerators, freezers, clothes washer,...

  20. Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (Electric)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE) offers rebates for residential customers to improve the energy efficiency of eligible homes. Rebates are available for Energy Star clothes washers,...

  1. Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This incentive is available for dishwashers, clothes washers, air conditioners, ceiling fans, compact fluorescent light bulbs, dehumidifiers, programmable thermostats or refrigerators that meet or...

  2. City of Lompoc Utilities- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Lompoc Utilities offers rebates to commercial customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficiency lighting, clothes washers, dishwashers, replaced refrigerators, new...

  3. Douglas Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Douglas Electric Cooperative offers rebates to its members for the purchase of energy efficient products and measures.  Rebates include clothes washers, heat pumps, manufactured homes, and...

  4. Questar Gas- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Questar Gas provides rebates for energy efficient appliances and heating equipment, and certain weatherization measures through the ThermWise program. This equipment includes clothes washers,...

  5. ASKO Appliances: Order (2012-CE-19/2004) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    civil penalty after finding ASKO had failed to certify that certain models of residential dishwashers and clothes washers comply with the applicable energy and water...

  6. Vera Irrigation District #15- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Vera Irrigation District #15 offers rebates to electric customers who improve energy efficiency. Rebates are available for water heaters, windows, heat pumps, clothes washer, duct sealing and...

  7. Douglas Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Loans

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Douglas Electric Cooperative offers rebates to its members for the purchase of energy efficient products and measures. Rebates include clothes washers, heat pumps, manufactured homes, and...

  8. Four-County EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four-County EMC offers its customers $50 rebates for purchasing certain Energy Star appliances. Eligible appliances include refrigerators, dishwashers, clothes washers and freezers. The rebates are...

  9. South River EMC- Energy Efficient Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South River EMC offers a variety of rebates encouragings its members to invest in energy efficient appliances, equipment, and home upgrades. Incentives are available for clothes washers,...

  10. Southwest Gas Corporation- Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southwest Gas Corporation (SWG) offers rebates to commercial customers in Nevada who purchase energy efficient natural gas equipment. Eligible equipment includes clothes washers, storage water...

  11. Questar Gas- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Idaho)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Questar Gas provides rebates for energy efficient appliances and heating equipment, and certain weatherization measures through the ThermWise program. This equipment includes clothes washers, water...

  12. Additional Guidance Regarding Application of Current Procedures...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Additional Guidance Regarding Application of Current Procedures for Testing Energy Consumption of Clothes Washers with Warm Rinse Cycles, Issued: June 30, 2010. Draft of DOE...

  13. Washington State Energy-Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    clothes washers, refrigerators, dishwashers, ductless air source heat pumps, and water heaters. Between March and November of 2010, more than 41,000 rebates were paid to...

  14. Department of Energy Requests Fast Track Rulemaking for Implementing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    a variety of home appliances such as refrigerators, central air conditioners, furnaces, water heaters, clothes washers and dishwashers; as well as smaller, home equipment...

  15. Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Equality State can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR certified clothes washers, dishwashers, water heaters and gas furnaces ranging from 50 to 250. The program still has 40 percent...

  16. Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Freezers Room air conditioners Televisions Clothes washers Dishwashers Battery chargers Water heaters Fluorescent lamp ballasts Incandescent reflector lamps If your appliance has...

  17. DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Articles DOE Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing DOE Refers Four...

  18. SectionILesson10SewingforProfit Master Clothing Volunteer Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Construction Lesson 10: Sewing for Profit (10) 1 Section I Basic Clothing Construction Lesson 10 Sewing: Working in the Apparel Industry IV. Achievement Program V. Closing Objectives of the Lesson Participants possibilities in the local apparel industry. P Develop feelings of self-worth and pride in skills learned

  19. SectionILesson4PatternAlteration Master Clothing Volunteer Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , front and back skirt and sleeve. Press pattern pieces with a warm iron. It is easier to fit pattern for fit. P Lengthen and shorten a pattern. #12;Master Clothing Volunteer Program Section I, Basic to be altered. To check your pattern for fit, you will need the pattern pieces for the front and back bodice

  20. Assessment of dermal exposure to benzene and toluene in shoe manufacturing by activated carbon cloth patches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Assessment of dermal exposure to benzene and toluene in shoe manufacturing by activated carbon activated carbon cloth (ACC) patches to study the probability and extent of dermal exposure to benzene for the contribution from the air through passive absorption of benzene and toluene on the ACC patches. Systemic

  1. Evaluation of Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization from Residential Appliances and Fixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomlinson, John J [ORNL; Christian, Jeff [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Executive Summary In every home irrespective of its size, location, age, or efficiency, heat in the form of drainwater or dryer exhaust is wasted. Although from a waste stream, this energy has the potential for being captured, possibly stored, and then reused for preheating hot water or air thereby saving operating costs to the homeowner. In applications such as a shower and possibly a dryer, waste heat is produced at the same time as energy is used, so that a heat exchanger to capture the waste energy and return it to the supply is all that is needed. In other applications such as capturing the energy in drainwater from a tub, dishwasher, or washing machine, the availability of waste heat might not coincide with an immediate use for energy, and consequently a heat exchanger system with heat storage capacity (i.e. a regenerator) would be necessary. This study describes a two-house experimental evaluation of a system designed to capture waste heat from the shower, dishwasher clothes washer and dryer, and to use this waste heat to offset some of the hot water energy needs of the house. Although each house was unoccupied, they were fitted with equipment that would completely simulate the heat loads and behavior of human occupants including operating the appliances and fixtures on a demand schedule identical to Building American protocol (Hendron, 2009). The heat recovery system combined (1) a gravity-film heat exchanger (GFX) installed in a vertical section of drainline, (2) a heat exchanger for capturing dryer exhaust heat, (3) a preheat tank for storing the captured heat, and (4) a small recirculation pump and controls, so that the system could be operated anytime that waste heat from the shower, dishwasher, clothes washer and dryer, and in any combination was produced. The study found capturing energy from the dishwasher and clothes washer to be a challenge since those two appliances dump waste water over a short time interval. Controls based on the status of the dump valve on these two appliances would have eliminated uncertainty in knowing when waste water was flowing and the recovery system operated. The study also suggested that capture of dryer exhaust heat to heat incoming air to the dryer should be examined as an alternative to using drying exhaust energy for water heating. The study found that over a 6-week test period, the system in each house was able to recover on average approximately 3000 W-h of waste heat daily from these appliance and showers with slightly less on simulated weekdays and slightly more on simulated weekends which were heavy wash/dry days. Most of these energy savings were due to the shower/GFX operation, and the least savings were for the dishwasher/GFX operation. Overall, the value of the 3000 W-h of displaced energy would have been $0.27/day based on an electricity price of $.09/kWh. Although small for today s convention house, these savings are significant for a home designed to approach maximum affordable efficiency where daily operating costs for the whole house are less than a dollar per day. In 2010 the actual measured cost of energy in one of the simulated occupancy houses which waste heat recovery testing was undertaken was $0.77/day.

  2. A comparison of the electrochemical behavior of carbon aerogels and activated carbon fiber cloths

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tran, T.D.; Alviso, C.T.; Hulsey, S.S.; Nielsen, J.K.; Pekala, R.W.

    1996-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrochemical capacitative behavior of carbon aerogels and commercial carbon fiber cloths was studied in 5M KOH, 3M sulfuric acid, and 0.5M tetrethylammonium tetrafluoroborate/propylene carbonate electrolytes. The resorcinol-formaldehyde based carbon aerogels with a range of denisty (0.2-0.85 g/cc) have open-cell structures with ultrafine pore sizes (5-50 nm), high surface area (400-700 m{sup 2}/g), and a solid matrix composed of interconnected particles or fibers with characteristic diameters of 10 nm. The commercial fiber cloths in the density range 0.2-04g/cc have high surface areas (1000-2500 m{sup 2}/g). The volumetric capacitances of high-density aerogels are shown to be comparable to or exceeding those from activated carbon fibers. Electrochemical behavior of these materials in various electrolytes is compared and related to their physical properties.

  3. STATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of California's Water Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers DOE Docket Number EE­RM­PET­100 Standards for Residential Clothes Washers DOE Docket Number EE­RM­PET­100 Dear Ms. Edwards-Jones, I enclose and the Rebuttal Comments to California.Petition@ee.doe.gov as well as to Messrs. Berringer, DePriest, and Mc

  4. Dehumidification Grain Dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lula, J.W.; Bohnert, G.W.

    1998-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A new technique developed during this project dries grain with mildly heated, dehumidified air in a closed-loop process. This proposed technique uses about one-tenth the energy and dries grain at a lower temperature, producing less damage to the kernels.Approximately 250 million automotive and truck tires are discarded each year in the U.S. The very properties that ensure a safe ride and long service life make the disposal of these scrap tires difficult. In spite of this, scrap tire recycling/reuse has rapidly grown from 10% in 1985 to over 90% today. The majority of scrap tires that are recycled/reused are burned for fuel in power plants and cement kilns. Since tires have somewhat higher heating value than coal, this would at first seem to be an acceptable option. But burning scrap tires recovers only 25% of the energy originally used to manufacture the rubber. An alternative is to use the scrap tires in the form of crumb rubber, by which 98% of the original energy is recovered. This project sought to explore potential formulations of crumb rubber with various thermoplastic binders, with one goal being developing a material for a low-cost, high-performance roofing composition. What was the state-of-the-art of the product/process prior to initiation of the project? Why was the project needed (e.g., performance, quality, cost, time to market)? Describe the strengths and interests of each party and how they are complementary with respect to the project. What KCP expertise was needed and how did it complement the partner's capabilities?

  5. Differences in Mexican-American and Anglo-American Women's Response to a Modified Clothing TAT.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bathke, Carol Sander

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the United States (1 1). It was theorized that be- cause the Anglo-American level of education generally was higher than that of the Mexican-Americans, the former would tend to take education for granted and thus would be less c~~gnizant of education...B-1076 September 1968 Differences in Mexican-American And Anglo-American Women's Responses To a Modified Clothing TAT TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION H. 0. Kunkel, Acting Director, College Station, Texas CONTENTS...

  6. Haier: Order (2011-CE-2104) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to certify that Haier residential clothes dryers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement...

  7. Whirlpool: Order (2014-CE-21010) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    that certain models of residential clothes dryers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement...

  8. ENERGY ANALYSIS PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Freezers Clothes dryers Water heaters Electric Gas Room airRefrigerators and Water Heaters, May 1977; and S. Talbert,Gas-Fired Furnaces and Water Heaters," ASHRAE Transactions,

  9. Southwest Gas Corporation- Residential and Builder Efficiency Rebate Program (Arizona)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southwest Gas Corporation (SWG) offers rebates to residential customers in Arizona who purchase and install energy efficient natural gas tankless water heaters, clothes dryers, windows, attic...

  10. 2014-10-16 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program Test Procedures...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    16 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Dryers, Notice of Public Meeting 2014-10-16 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program Test Procedures...

  11. Southwest Gas Corporation- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southwest Gas Corporation (SWG) offers rebates to residential customers in Nevada who purchase energy efficient natural gas tankless water heaters, clothes dryers, windows and smart low-flow...

  12. Whirlpool: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-21010)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Whirlpool Corporation failed to certify residential clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  13. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heat pump technologies where applicable models exist (electric water heaters,Heat Pumps for AC Electric Clothes Dryers Electric Secondary Space Heaters Dishwashers Electric Water Heaters (

  14. The emperor's new clothes - Reflections on strategic environmental assessment (SEA) practice in South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Retief, Francois [School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North West University (Potchefstroom campus), Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa)], E-mail: francois.retief@nwu.ac.za; Jones, Carys [EIA Centre, School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)], E-mail: carys.jones@manchester.ac.uk; Jay, Stephen [Faculty of Development and Society, Sheffield Hallam University, Howard Street, Sheffield, S1 1WB (United Kingdom)], E-mail: s.a.jay@shu.ac.uk

    2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of research which evaluated the performance of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) practice in South Africa in order to develop understanding of how SEA functions within a developing country with a voluntary SEA system. The research applied a combination of methods in a mixed research strategy, including a macro level survey of the SEA system together with case study reviews exploring micro level application. Three main 'system features' emerged, namely expansion of voluntary practice, diversity in practice and general ineffectiveness. The results also highlight a number of 'application features' such as a lack of focus due to an inability to deal with the concepts of 'sustainability' and 'significance', as well as poor understanding and integration with decision-making processes. Moreover, it emerged that none of the case studies seem to have conducted an 'assessment' per se, but rather provided a framework for strategic decision-making. The paper puts forward a number of interrelated explanations for these system and application features. In a parallel to the fable of the 'emperor's new clothes', SEA in South Africa appears to be regarded as the answer to all environmental problems, whilst being ineffective in practice.

  15. Mathematical modelling for the drying method and smoothing drying rate using cubic spline for seaweed Kappaphycus Striatum variety Durian in a solar dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M Ali, M. K., E-mail: majidkhankhan@ymail.com, E-mail: eutoco@gmail.com; Ruslan, M. H., E-mail: majidkhankhan@ymail.com, E-mail: eutoco@gmail.com [Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Muthuvalu, M. S., E-mail: sudaram-@yahoo.com, E-mail: jumat@ums.edu.my; Wong, J., E-mail: sudaram-@yahoo.com, E-mail: jumat@ums.edu.my [Unit Penyelidikan Rumpai Laut (UPRL), Sekolah Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah (Malaysia); Sulaiman, J., E-mail: ysuhaimi@ums.edu.my, E-mail: hafidzruslan@eng.ukm.my; Yasir, S. Md., E-mail: ysuhaimi@ums.edu.my, E-mail: hafidzruslan@eng.ukm.my [Program Matematik dengan Ekonomi, Sekolah Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah (Malaysia)

    2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The solar drying experiment of seaweed using Green V-Roof Hybrid Solar Drier (GVRHSD) was conducted in Semporna, Sabah under the metrological condition in Malaysia. Drying of sample seaweed in GVRHSD reduced the moisture content from about 93.4% to 8.2% in 4 days at average solar radiation of about 600W/m{sup 2} and mass flow rate about 0.5 kg/s. Generally the plots of drying rate need more smoothing compared moisture content data. Special cares is needed at low drying rates and moisture contents. It is shown the cubic spline (CS) have been found to be effective for moisture-time curves. The idea of this method consists of an approximation of data by a CS regression having first and second derivatives. The analytical differentiation of the spline regression permits the determination of instantaneous rate. The method of minimization of the functional of average risk was used successfully to solve the problem. This method permits to obtain the instantaneous rate to be obtained directly from the experimental data. The drying kinetics was fitted with six published exponential thin layer drying models. The models were fitted using the coefficient of determination (R{sup 2}), and root mean square error (RMSE). The modeling of models using raw data tested with the possible of exponential drying method. The result showed that the model from Two Term was found to be the best models describe the drying behavior. Besides that, the drying rate smoothed using CS shows to be effective method for moisture-time curves good estimators as well as for the missing moisture content data of seaweed Kappaphycus Striatum Variety Durian in Solar Dryer under the condition tested.

  16. BSH: Order (2013-CE-2001)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered BSH Home Appliances Corp. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding BSH had failed to certify that certain models of residential clothes washers comply with the applicable energy/water conservation standards.

  17. BSH: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2001)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that BSH Home Appliances Corp. failed to certify a variety of residential clothes washers as compliant with the applicable energy/water conservation standards.

  18. EA-1662: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) and for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment (Commercial Clothes Washers)

  19. Air flow through common type window openings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holleman, Theo Rufus

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    surface pressures surrounding it? WIM O TA L E AIR WASHER LOUVERS- EXCELSIOR MAT WATER SPRAY ~-- ? EGG CRATE ~ ? CHEESE -CLOTH / Figure 4 Wind Tunnel (Flan and Section) Courtesy of Texas Engineering Exgerirent Station psgure 4-p Wind Tunnel...

  20. Equator Appliance: ENERGY STAR Referral (EZ 3720 CEE)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE referred the matter of Equator clothes washer model EZ 3720 CEE to the EPA for appropriate action after DOE testing showed that the model does not meet the ENERGY STAR specification.

  1. Equator Appliance: ENERGY STAR Referral (EZ 3720)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE referred Equator Appliance clothes washer EZ 3720 to EPA, brand manager of the ENERGY STAR program, for appropriate action after DOE testing revealed that the model does not meet ENERGY STAR requirements.

  2. Efficiency Maine Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Efficiency Maine offers rebates for the purchase of ENERGY STAR certified room air purifiers, clothes washers, and dehumidifiers. Purchases must be made between November 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015....

  3. Golden Opportunity: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-20003)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Golden Opportunity, Inc. failed to certify room air conditioners, central air conditioners/heat pumps, and residential clothes washers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  4. California DREAMing: the design of residential demand responsive technology with people in mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peffer, Therese E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    household  energy  consumption  Energy consumption  from the top  consuming appliances  Current  price of  electricity electricity Approximate price per load (i.e. , for dishwasher, clothes washer) Total household

  5. U.S. Building-Sector Energy Efficiency Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rich

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the technologies such as heat pump water heaters are stillheat pump water heater, horizontal axis clothes washer Best-heat pump efficiency Improved efficiency central and room air conditioners, variable speed RAC Reduced standby-loss electric resistance water heater,

  6. SDG&E (Electric)- Multi-Family Residential Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multi-Family Residential building owners and property managers in San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) territory are eligible for rebates on energy-efficient, clothes washers, insulation, room...

  7. A major purpose of the Techni-cal information Center is to provid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    -HVAC interaction are the outside venting of a clothes dryer and the operation of a heat pump water heater (HPWH and by existing weather conditions. #12;EFFECT OF CLOTHES DRYER EFFECT OF HEAT PUMP WATER ON HOUSE INFILTRATION energy usage inclu- ding the HVAC interaction. The first study involves the interaction between a heat-pump

  8. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    technology. I will discuss two other cases, clothes dryers and water heaters, which could be very attractive Grid Clothes dryers Water heaters #12;3 5 MW of Dryers, Total/10 Jan. 1-7 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500, 2614, 3292 MW MW of Water Heater, Total Load Jan. 1-7 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 1 11 21 31

  9. Thin graphite bipolar plate with associated gaskets and carbon cloth flow-field for use in an ionomer membrane fuel cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marchetti, George A. (Western Springs, IL)

    2003-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention comprises a thin graphite plate with associated gaskets and pieces of carbon cloth that comprise a flow-field. The plate, gaskets and flow-field comprise a "plate and gasket assembly" for use in an ionomer membrane fuel cell, fuel cell stack or battery.

  10. Long-Term Carbon Injection Field Test for 90% Mercury Removal for a PRB Unit a Spray Dryer and Fabric Filter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sjostrom, Sharon; Amrhein, Jerry

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The power industry in the U.S. is faced with meeting regulations to reduce the emissions of mercury compounds from coal-fired plants. Injecting a sorbent such as powdered activated carbon (PAC) into the flue gas represents one of the simplest and most mature approaches to controlling mercury emissions from coal-fired boilers. The purpose of this test program was to evaluate the long-term mercury removal capability, long-term mercury emissions variability, and operating and maintenance (O&M) costs associated with sorbent injection on a configuration being considered for many new plants. Testing was conducted by ADA Environmental Solutions (ADA) at Rocky Mountain Power’s (RMP) Hardin Station through funding provided by DOE/NETL, RMP, and other industry partners. The Hardin Station is a new plant rated at 121 MW gross that was first brought online in April of 2006. Hardin fires a Powder River Basin (PRB) coal and is configured with selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for NOx control, a spray dryer absorber (SDA) for SO2 control, and a fabric filter (FF) for particulate control. Based upon previous testing at PRB sites with SCRs, very little additional mercury oxidation from the SCR was expected at Hardin. In addition, based upon results from DOE/NETL Phase II Round I testing at Holcomb Station and results from similarly configured sites, low native mercury removal was expected across the SDA and FF. The main goal of this project was met—sorbent injection was used to economically and effectively achieve 90% mercury control as measured from the air heater (AH) outlet to the stack for a period of ten months. This goal was achieved with DARCO® Hg-LH, Calgon FLUEPAC®-MC PLUS and ADA Power PAC PREMIUM brominated activated carbons at nominal loadings of 1.5–2.5 lb/MMacf. An economic analysis determined the twenty-year levelized cost to be 0.87 mills/kW-hr, or $15,000/lb Hg removed. No detrimental effects on other equipment or plant operations were observed. The results of this project also filled a data gap for plants firing PRB coal and configured with an SCR, SDA, and FF, as many new plants are being designed today. Another goal of the project was to evaluate, on a short-term basis, the mercury removal associated with coal additives and coal blending with western bituminous coal. The additive test showed that, at this site, the coal additive known as KNX was affective at increasing mercury removal while decreasing sorbent usage. Coal blending was conducted with two different western bituminous coals, and West Elk coal increased native capture from nominally 10% to 50%. Two additional co-benefits were discovered at this site. First, it was found that native capture increased from nominally 10% at full load to 50% at low load. The effect is believed to be due to an increase in mercury oxidation across the SCR caused by a corresponding decrease in ammonia injection when the plant reduces load. Less ammonia means more active oxidation sites in the SCR for the mercury. The second co-benefit was the finding that high ammonia concentrations can have a negative impact on mercury removal by powdered activated carbon. For a period of time, the plant operated with a high excess of ammonia injection necessitated by the plugging of one-third of the SCR. Under these conditions and at high load, the mercury control system could not maintain 90% removal even at the maximum feed rate of 3.5 lb/MMacf (pounds of mercury per million actual cubic feet). The plant was able to demonstrate that mercury removal was directly related to the ammonia injection rate in a series of tests where the ammonia rate was decreased, causing a corresponding increase in mercury removal. Also, after the SCR was refurbished and ammonia injection levels returned to normal, the mercury removal performance also returned to normal. Another goal of the project was to install a commercial-grade activated carbon injection (ACI) system and integrate it with new-generation continuous emissions monitors for mercury (Hg-CEMs) to allow automatic feedback control on outlet me

  11. Key Residential Building Equipment Technologies for Control and Grid Support PART I (Residential)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Onar, Omer C [ORNL; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical energy consumption of the residential sector is a crucial area of research that has in the past primarily focused on increasing the efficiency of household devices such as water heaters, dishwashers, air conditioners, and clothes washer and dryer units. However, the focus of this research is shifting as objectives such as developing the smart grid and ensuring that the power system remains reliable come to the fore, along with the increasing need to reduce energy use and costs. Load research has started to focus on mechanisms to support the power system through demand reduction and/or reliability services. The power system relies on matching generation and load, and day-ahead and real-time energy markets capture most of this need. However, a separate set of grid services exist to address the discrepancies in load and generation arising from contingencies and operational mismatches, and to ensure that the transmission system is available for delivery of power from generation to load. Currently, these grid services are mostly provided by generation resources. The addition of renewable resources with their inherent variability can complicate the issue of power system reliability and lead to the increased need for grid services. Using load as a resource, through demand response programs, can fill the additional need for flexible resources and even reduce costly energy peaks. Loads have been shown to have response that is equal to or better than generation in some cases. Furthermore, price-incentivized demand response programs have been shown to reduce the peak energy requirements, thereby affecting the wholesale market efficiency and overall energy prices. The residential sector is not only the largest consumer of electrical energy in the United States, but also has the highest potential to provide demand reduction and power system support, as technological advancements in load control, sensor technologies, and communication are made. The prevailing loads based on the largest electrical energy consumers in the residential sector are space heating and cooling, washer and dryer, water heating, lighting, computers and electronics, dishwasher and range, and refrigeration. As the largest loads, these loads provide the highest potential for delivering demand response and reliability services. Many residential loads have inherent flexibility that is related to the purpose of the load. Depending on the load type, electric power consumption levels can either be ramped, changed in a step-change fashion, or completely removed. Loads with only on-off capability (such as clothes washers and dryers) provide less flexibility than resources that can be ramped or step-changed. Add-on devices may be able to provide extra demand response capabilities. Still, operating residential loads effectively requires awareness of the delicate balance of occupants health and comfort and electrical energy consumption. This report is Phase I of a series of reports aimed at identifying gaps in automated home energy management systems for incorporation of building appliances, vehicles, and renewable adoption into a smart grid, specifically with the intent of examining demand response and load factor control for power system support. The objective is to capture existing gaps in load control, energy management systems, and sensor technology with consideration of PHEV and renewable technologies to establish areas of research for the Department of Energy. In this report, (1) data is collected and examined from state of the art homes to characterize the primary residential loads as well as PHEVs and photovoltaic for potential adoption into energy management control strategies; and (2) demand response rules and requirements across the various demand response programs are examined for potential participation of residential loads. This report will be followed by a Phase II report aimed at identifying the current state of technology of energy management systems, sensors, and communication technologies for demand response and load factor control applications

  12. Building Simulation Modelers Are we big data ready?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    · Plugs · Lights · Range · Washer · Radiated heat · Dryer · Refrigerator · Dishwasher · Heat pump air flow buildings during the development process. Fleet of Residential `Test Buildings' Two Light Commercial `Test Buildings' #12;7 Real demonstration facilities Residential homes 2800 ft2 residence 269 sensors @ 15-minutes

  13. 2014 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University BSE-121NP Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, g

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    harder because of the heat and moisture produced during washing and drying cycles. If you do haveWh) a year--and water--and a big producer of unwanted heat and humidity in the summer. It makes good sense the Laundry Area be Located? If possible, try to avoid putting the washer and dryer in spaces that are heated

  14. Collaborative Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Appliances: dryer, washer, heater, lab equipment No direct grid connection 3 diesel generators (DG) for 5, lab equipment No direct grid connection 3 diesel generators (DG) for 5 buildings DG hours: 6-9am and 4-11pm (~10 hrs) DG consumption: ~30 L/day Transporting diesel is difficult #12;Objective Increase Power

  15. Multi-electrode double layer capacitor having single electrolyte seal and aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farahmandi, C. Joseph (San Diego, CA); Dispennette, John M. (Oceanside, CA); Blank, Edward (San Diego, CA); Kolb, Alan C. (Rancho Santa Fe, CA)

    1999-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A single cell, multi-electrode high performance double layer capacitor includes first and second flat stacks of electrodes adapted to be housed in a closeable two-part capacitor case which includes only a single electrolyte seal. Each electrode stack has a plurality of electrodes connected in parallel, with the electrodes of one stack being interleaved with the electrodes of the other stack to form an interleaved stack, and with the electrodes of each stack being electrically connected to respective capacitor terminals. A porous separator sleeve is inserted over the electrodes of one stack before interleaving to prevent electrical shorts between the electrodes. The electrodes are made by folding a compressible, low resistance, aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth, made from activated carbon fibers, around a current collector foil, with a tab of the foils of each electrode of each stack being connected in parallel and connected to the respective capacitor terminal. The height of the interleaved stack is somewhat greater than the inside height of the closed capacitor case, thereby requiring compression of the interleaved electrode stack when placed inside of the case, and thereby maintaining the interleaved electrode stack under modest constant pressure. The closed capacitor case is filled with an electrolytic solution and sealed. A preferred electrolytic solution is made by dissolving an appropriate salt into acetonitrile (CH.sub.3 CN). In one embodiment, the two parts of the capacitor case are conductive and function as the capacitor terminals.

  16. Multi-electrode double layer capacitor having single electrolyte seal and aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farahmandi, C.J.; Dispennette, J.M.; Blank, E.; Kolb, A.C.

    1999-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A single cell, multi-electrode high performance double layer capacitor includes first and second flat stacks of electrodes adapted to be housed in a closeable two-part capacitor case which includes only a single electrolyte seal. Each electrode stack has a plurality of electrodes connected in parallel, with the electrodes of one stack being interleaved with the electrodes of the other stack to form an interleaved stack, and with the electrodes of each stack being electrically connected to respective capacitor terminals. A porous separator sleeve is inserted over the electrodes of one stack before interleaving to prevent electrical shorts between the electrodes. The electrodes are made by folding a compressible, low resistance, aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth, made from activated carbon fibers, around a current collector foil, with a tab of the foils of each electrode of each stack being connected in parallel and connected to the respective capacitor terminal. The height of the interleaved stack is somewhat greater than the inside height of the closed capacitor case, thereby requiring compression of the interleaved electrode stack when placed inside of the case, and thereby maintaining the interleaved electrode stack under modest constant pressure. The closed capacitor case is filled with an electrolytic solution and sealed. A preferred electrolytic solution is made by dissolving an appropriate salt into acetonitrile (CH{sub 3}CN). In one embodiment, the two parts of the capacitor case are conductive and function as the capacitor terminals. 32 figs.

  17. Multi-electrode double layer capacitor having single electrolyte seal and aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farahmandi, C. J.; Dispennette, J. M.; Blank, E.; Kolb, A. C.

    1999-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A single cell, multi-electrode high performance double layer capacitor includes first and second flat stacks of electrodes adapted to be housed in a closeable two-part capacitor case which includes only a single electrolyte seal. Each electrode stack has a plurality of electrodes connected in parallel, with the electrodes of one stack being interleaved with the electrodes of the other stack to form an interleaved stack, and with the electrodes of each stack being electrically connected to respective capacitor terminals. A porous separator sleeve is inserted over the electrodes of one stack before interleaving to prevent electrical shorts between the electrodes. The electrodes are made by folding a compressible, low resistance, aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth, made from activated carbon fibers, around a current collector foil, with a tab of the foils of each electrode of each stack being connected in parallel and connected to the respective capacitor terminal. The height of the interleaved stack is somewhat greater than the inside height of the closed capacitor case, thereby requiring compression of the interleaved electrode stack when placed inside of the case, and thereby maintaining the interleaved electrode stack under modest constant pressure. The closed capacitor case is filled with an electrolytic solution and sealed. A preferred electrolytic solution is made by dissolving an appropriate salt into acetonitrile (CH[sub 3]CN). In one embodiment, the two parts of the capacitor case are conductive and function as the capacitor terminals. 32 figs.

  18. Multi-electrode double layer capacitor having single electrolyte seal and aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farahmandi, C. Joseph (San Diego, CA); Dispennette, John M. (Oceanside, CA); Blank, Edward (San Diego, CA); Kolb, Alan C. (Rancho Santa Fe, CA)

    1999-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A single cell, multi-electrode high performance double layer capacitor includes first and second flat stacks of electrodes adapted to be housed in a closeable two-part capacitor case which includes only a single electrolyte seal. Each electrode stack has a plurality of electrodes connected in parallel, with the electrodes of one stack being interleaved with the electrodes of the other stack to form an interleaved stack, and with the electrodes of each stack being electrically connected to respective capacitor terminals. A porous separator sleeve is inserted over the electrodes of one stack before interleaving to prevent electrical shorts between the electrodes. The electrodes are made by folding a compressible, low resistance, aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth, made from activated carbon fibers, around a current collector foil, with a tab of the foils of each electrode of each stack being connected in parallel and connected to the respective capacitor terminal. The height of the interleaved stack is somewhat greater than the inside height of the closed capacitor case, thereby requiring compression of the interleaved electrode stack when placed inside of the case, and thereby maintaining the interleaved electrode stack under modest constant pressure. The closed capacitor case is filled with an electrolytic solution and sealed. A preferred electrolytic solution is made by dissolving an appropriate salt into acetonitrile (CH.sub.3 CN). In one embodiment, the two parts of the capacitor case are conductive and function as the capacitor terminals.

  19. Laura Aguilar: Clothed Unclothed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noriega, Chon A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    her emotional state, dyslexia, and Depression (10 minutes),circumventing her own dyslexia. What is most apparent about

  20. Daewoo: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0410)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Daewoo International Inc. failed to certify a variety of residential clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  1. ASKO Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-04/0614)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that ASKO Appliances, Inc. failed to certify a variety of residential dishwashers and clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  2. Versonel: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-21009)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Smart Surplus, Inc. d/b/a Versonel failed to certify refrigerators and residential clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  3. [Billing Code 6450-01-P

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 Docket No. EERE-2014-BT-TP-0034 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Dryers AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and...

  4. Haier: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2104)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Haier America Trading LLC failed to certify various residential clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat Pump Reference U.S. DOE, 2011b EC, 2009b IndustrialHeat Pumps .. 18 Furnaces .. 19 Boilers 19 Fans . 20 Standby Power . 20 Clothes Dryers . 21 Industrial

  6. Open-loop heat-recovery dryer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    TeGrotenhuis, Ward Evan

    2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A drying apparatus is disclosed that includes a drum and an open-loop airflow pathway originating at an ambient air inlet, passing through the drum, and terminating at an exhaust outlet. A passive heat exchanger is included for passively transferring heat from air flowing from the drum toward the exhaust outlet to air flowing from the ambient air inlet toward the drum. A heat pump is also included for actively transferring heat from air flowing from the passive heat exchanger toward the exhaust outlet to air flowing from the passive heat exchanger toward the drum. A heating element is also included for further heating air flowing from the heat pump toward the drum.

  7. ENERGY - Good vibrations dryer ... | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA :Work withJerseyMarketsWhyPressPolicy Doc.10

  8. Method of making a multi-electrode double layer capacitor having single electrolyte seal and aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farahmandi, C. Joseph (San Diego, CA); Dispennette, John M. (Oceanside, CA); Blank, Edward (San Diego, CA); Kolb, Alan C. (Rancho Santa Fe, CA)

    2002-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A single cell, multi-electrode high performance double layer capacitor includes first and second flat stacks of electrodes adapted to be housed in a closeable two-part capacitor case which includes only a single electrolyte seal. Each electrode stack has a plurality of electrodes connected in parallel, with the electrodes of one stack being interleaved with the electrodes of the other stack to form an interleaved stack, and with the electrodes of each stack being electrically connected to respective capacitor terminals. A porous separator is positioned against the electrodes of one stack before interleaving to prevent electrical shorts between the electrodes. The electrodes are made by folding a compressible, low resistance, aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth, made from activated carbon fibers, around a current collector foil, with a tab of the foils of each electrode of each stack being connected in parallel and connected to the respective capacitor terminal. The height of the interleaved stack is somewhat greater than the inside height of the closed capacitor case, thereby requiring compression of the interleaved electrode stack when placed inside of the case, and thereby maintaining the interleaved electrode stack under modest constant pressure. The closed capacitor case is filled with an electrolytic solution and sealed. A preferred electrolytic solution is made by dissolving an appropriate salt into acetonitrile (CH.sub.3 CN). In one embodiment, the two parts of the capacitor case are conductive and function as the capacitor terminals.

  9. Method of making a multi-electrode double layer capacitor having single electrolyte seal and aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farahmandi, C. Joseph (San Diego, CA); Dispennette, John M. (Oceanside, CA); Blank, Edward (San Diego, CA); Kolb, Alan C. (Rancho Santa Fe, CA)

    2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of making a double layer capacitior includes first and second flat stacks of electrodes adapted to be housed in a closeable two-part capacitor case which includes only a single electrolyte seal. Each electrode stack has a plurality of electrodes connected in parallel, with the electrodes of one stack being interleaved with the electrodes of the other stack to form an interleaved stack, and with the electrodes of each stack being electrically connected to respective capacitor terminals. A porous separator is positioned against the electrodes of one stack before interleaving to prevent electrical shorts between the electrodes. The electrodes are made by folding a compressible, low resistance, aluminum-impregnated carbon cloth, made from activated carbon fibers, around a current collector foil, with a tab of the foils of each electrode of each stack being connected in parallel and connected to the respective capacitor terminal. The height of the interleaved stack is somewhat greater than the inside height of the closed capacitor case, thereby requiring compression of the interleaved electrode stack when placed inside of the case, and thereby maintaining the interleaved electrode stack under modest constant pressure. The closed capacitor case is filled with an electrolytic solution and sealed. A preferred electrolytic solution is made by dissolving an appropriate salt into acetonitrile (CH.sub.3 CN). In one embodiment, the two arts of the capacitor case are conductive and function as the capacitor terminals.

  10. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for refrigerators, freezers, clothes washers, dishwashers and room air conditioners closed on December 6, 2010 for the following appliance categories will close on December 31, 2010: · Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning Program for #12;California that provides rebates to encourage the replacement of inefficient residential

  11. VerDate Aug2005 15:14 Feb 03, 2006 Jkt 208001 PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\\FR\\FM\\06FEP1.SGM 06FEP1 rmajetteonPROD1PC67withPROPOSALS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Residential Clothes Washers AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy] BILLING CODE 3410­02­P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy 10 CFR Part'') announces the filing of the California Energy Commission's Petition for Exemption from Federal Preemption

  12. No. 07-71576 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..........................................................................................................18 I. DOE's Denial of a Rule Granting a Preemption Waiver for California's Clothes Washer Standards. ......................................18 A. DOE Committed Legal Error in Determining That California Did Not Demonstrate That the Standards. ......................................................................................27 2. DOE Erred in Determining That a Factor Relevant to Only One of the California Standards

  13. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of 2011 DOE is scheduled to issue final standards for water heaters, refrigerators, freezers, central air minimum efficiency standards for appliances. NAECA not only establish federal minimum standards for water heaters, clothes washers, refrigerators and other appliances, it set a schedule for the DOE to follow

  14. Evaluation of advanced technologies for residential appliances and residential and commercial lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turiel, I.; Atkinson, B.; Boghosian, S.; Chan, P.; Jennings, J.; Lutz, J.; McMahon, J.; Rosenquist, G.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 127 of the Energy Policy Act requires that the Department of Energy (DOE) prepare a report to Congress on the potential for the development and commercialization of appliances that substantially exceed the present federal or state efficiency standards. Candidate high-efficiency appliances must meet several criteria including: the potential exists for substantial improvement (beyond the minimum established in law) of the appliance`s energy efficiency; electric, water, or gas utilities are prepared to support and promote the commercialization of such appliances; manufacturers are unlikely to undertake development and commercialization of such appliances on their own, or development and production would be substantially accelerated by support to manufacturers. This report describes options to improve the efficiency of residential appliances, including water heaters, clothes washers and dryers, refrigerator/freezers, dishwashers, space heating and cooling devices, as well as residential and commercial lighting products. Data from this report (particularly Appendix 1)were used to prepare the report to Congress mentioned previously. For the residential sector, national energy savings are calculated using the LBL Residential Energy Model. This model projects the number of households and appliance saturations over time. First, end-use consumption is calculated for a base case where models that only meet the standard replace existing models as these reach the end of their lifetime. Second, models with efficiencies equal to the technology under consideration replace existing models that reach the end of their lifetime. For the commercial sector, the COMMEND model was utilized to project national energy savings from new technologies. In this report, energy savings are shown for the period 1988 to 2015.

  15. Residential applliance data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, R.J,; Johnson, F.X.; Brown, R.E.; Hanford, J.W.; Kommey, J.G.

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report details the data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting of appliance energy use in the US residential sector. Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the Appliance Model in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which was developed by the Electric Power Research Institute. In this modeling framework, appliances include essentially all residential end-uses other than space conditioning end-uses. We have defined a distinct appliance model for each end-use based on a common modeling framework provided in the REEPS software. This report details our development of the following appliance models: refrigerator, freezer, dryer, water heater, clothes washer, dishwasher, lighting, cooking and miscellaneous. Taken together, appliances account for approximately 70% of electricity consumption and 30% of natural gas consumption in the US residential sector. Appliances are thus important to those residential sector policies or programs aimed at improving the efficiency of electricity and natural gas consumption. This report is primarily methodological in nature, taking the reader through the entire process of developing the baseline for residential appliance end-uses. Analysis steps documented in this report include: gathering technology and market data for each appliance end-use and specific technologies within those end-uses, developing cost data for the various technologies, and specifying decision models to forecast future purchase decisions by households. Our implementation of the REEPS 2.1 modeling framework draws on the extensive technology, cost and market data assembled by LBL for the purpose of analyzing federal energy conservation standards. The resulting residential appliance forecasting model offers a flexible and accurate tool for analyzing the effect of policies at the national level.

  16. Interactive modeler for cloth draping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thumrugoti, Umakanth

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2. Bezier Curves . 3. Hyperpatches. . . B. Deformation 1. Free Form Deformation (FFD) 2. Extended Free Form Deformation (EFFD) . C. Overview of the Model 1. Lattice 2. Newton ? Raphson Method . 3. LU Decomposition . 4. Newell's Method... 14 14 15 20 25 25 29 30 30 33 35 37 38 39 39 40 41 46 46 51 54 Page REFERENCES . APPENDIX A A. Menubar B. Lattice Buttons VITA 59 59 59 vn LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page Parallelepipedical 3D lattice A Bezier curve...

  17. Appliance Efficiency Standards and Price Discrimination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spurlock, Cecily Anna

    2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    I explore the effects of two simultaneous changes in minimum energy efficiency and ENERGY STAR standards for clothes washers. Adapting the Mussa and Rosen (1978) and Ronnen (1991) second-degree price discrimination model, I demonstrate that clothes washer prices and menus adjusted to the new standards in patterns consistent with a market in which firms had been price discriminating. In particular, I show evidence of discontinuous price drops at the time the standards were imposed, driven largely by mid-low efficiency segments of the market. The price discrimination model predicts this result. On the other hand, in a perfectly competition market, prices should increase for these market segments. Additionally, new models proliferated in the highest efficiency market segment following the standard changes. Finally, I show that firms appeared to use different adaptation strategies at the two instances of the standards changing.

  18. Efficient continuous dryer for flexible polyurethane foam and cleaning apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jody, Bassam (Chicago, IL); Daniels, Edward (Oak Lawn, IL); Libera, Joseph A. (Clarendon Hills, IL)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of cleaning polyurethane foams where the material is transported through a wash station while alternately soaking the polyurethane foam in an organic solvent and squeezing solvent from the polyurethane foam a number of times. Then the polyurethane foam is sent through a rinse or solvent transfer station for reducing the concentration of solvent in the foam. The rinsed polyurethane foam is sent to a drying station wherein the foam is repeatedly squeezed while being exposed to hot air to remove wet air from the foam.

  19. Letter report: Evaluation of dryer/calciner technologies for testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sevigny, G.

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This letter report describes some past experiences on the drying and calcination of radioactive materials or corresponding simulants; and the information needed from testing. The report also includes an assessment of informational needs including possible impacts to a full-scale plant. This includes reliability, maintenance, and overall size versus throughput. Much of the material was previously compiled and reported by Mike Elliott of PNL {open_quotes}Melter Performance Assessment{close_quotes} and Larry Eisenstatt of SEG on contract to WHC in a letter to Rod Powell. Also, an annotated bibliography was prepared by Reagan Seymour of WHC. Descriptions of the drying and calciner technologies, development status, advantages and disadvantages of using a WFE or calciner, and recommendations for future testing are discussed in this report.

  20. Efficient continuous dryer for flexible polyurethane foam and cleaning apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jody, B.; Daniels, E.; Libera, J.A.

    1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of cleaning polyurethane foams where the material is transported through a wash station while alternately soaking the polyurethane foam in an organic solvent and squeezing solvent from the polyurethane foam a number of times. Then the polyurethane foam is sent through a rinse or solvent transfer station for reducing the concentration of solvent in the foam. The rinsed polyurethane foam is sent to a drying station wherein the foam is repeatedly squeezed while being exposed to hot air to remove wet air from the foam. 4 figs.

  1. Large Optic Drying Station: Summary of Dryer Certification Tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbee, T W; Ayers, S L; Ayers, M J

    2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this document is to outline the methodology used to baseline and maintain the cleanliness status of the newly built and installed Large Optic Cleaning Station (LOCS). The station has currently been in use for eleven months; and after many cleaning studies and implementation of resulting improvements appears to be cleaning optics to a level that is acceptable for the fabrication of Nano-Laminates.

  2. Original article Heat balance of a multistage spray-dryer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    into account. From these data, the heat balance showed a dif- ference between inputs and outputs of 2.9% which may be interpreted as heat losses and probable errors. The specific heat consumption was close to 4 of the small flow rates of air used in both fluid beds. This specific heat consumption corresponds to 2.1 times

  3. Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcatAntrim County,Delhi (NCT), India

  4. Scoping Report: Advanced Technologies for Multi-Load Washers in Hospitality and Healthcare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Graham B.; Boyd, Brian K.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Goetzler, W.; Foley, K. J.; Sutherland, T. A.

    2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this demonstration project is to quantify the energy savings and water efficiency potential of commercial laundry wastewater recycling systems and low-temperature detergent supply systems to help promote the adoption of these technologies in the commercial sector. This project will create a set of technical specifications for efficient multi-load laundry systems (both new and retrofit) tailored for specific applications and/or sectors (e.g., hospitality, health care). The specifications will be vetted with the appropriate Better Buildings Alliance (BBA) members (e.g., Commercial Real Estate Energy Alliance, Hospital Energy Alliance), finalized, published, and disseminated to enable widespread technology transfer in the industry and specifically among BBA partners.

  5. Engineering Task Plan for Water Supply for Spray Washers on the Support Trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BOGER, R.M.

    2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This Engineering Task Plan (ETP) defines the task and deliverables associated with the design, fabrication and testing of an improved spray wash system for the Rotary Mode Core Sampling (RMCS) System Support Trucks.

  6. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Annual Report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of efficient refrigerators. ? Increased use of efficient clothes washers. ? Increased use of Low-E windows. ? Increased use of solar thermal DHW systems. ? Increased use of compact fluorescents. ? Elimination of pilot lights. The following estimates..., for help with the Air Conditioner calculations, Mr. Russell Smith, (TREIA), who provided useful insight into the statistics of solar sales in the State of Texas, Mr. Dave Roberts of the Architectural Energy Corporation in Boulder, Colorado, and Mr. Phillip...

  7. The Successful Design Construction and 'Live-ability' of an Energy Efficient Home in a Hot and Humid Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, J. C.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    clothes washer null Energy Star Hunter ceiling fans null 90% of the lighting is fluorescent null Gas fired water heater with solar assist For those ten really cold days in winter we have a wood burning stove with catalytic converter to supplement...The Successful Design, Construction and “Live-ability” of an Energy Efficient Home in a Hot and Humid Climate John C. Gardner, PE Hockley, Texas 77447 ABSTRACT This paper will present a case study of an energy efficient home...

  8. ICED'09/477 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED'09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salustri, Filippo A.

    of the most energy-consumptive appliances in the residential sector, but there has been relatively little work UNIVERSITY, STANFORD, CA, USA AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF CLOTHES DRYERS J. Lee1 , N. Hoeller2 is beginning such a project, the ultimate goal of which is to provide decision-making tools for the public (e

  9. CX-100087 Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Efficient Clothes Dryer with IR Heating and Electrostatic Precipitator Award Number: DE-EE0006720 CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 8/7/2014 Location(s): New York Office(s): Golden Field Office

  10. Care Labels and Your Clothes (Spanish) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Pamela J.

    1998-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    suministro de agua y la selecci?n de tem- peratura del calentador de agua. L-5191S 4-98 Gu?a de los S?mbolos para Cuidados de Ropa Los programas educativos del Servicio de Extensi?n Agr?cola de Texas est?n disponibles a todas personas sin distinci?n de raza...

  11. The Nonproliferation Emperor Has No Clothes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemp, R. Scott

    Technology has been long understood to play a central role in limiting the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Evolving nuclear technology, increased access to information, and systematic improvements in design and manufacturing ...

  12. Care Labels and Your Clothes (Spanish)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Pamela J.

    1998-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    suministro de agua y la selecci?n de tem- peratura del calentador de agua. L-5191S 4-98 Gu?a de los S?mbolos para Cuidados de Ropa Los programas educativos del Servicio de Extensi?n Agr?cola de Texas est?n disponibles a todas personas sin distinci?n de raza...

  13. HEAT AND MOISTURE TRANSFER THROUGH CLOTHING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voelker, Conrad; Hoffmann, Sabine; Kornadt, Oliver; Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui; Huizenga, Charlie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Physical Sciences Hoffmann, S. , Kornadt, O. , Arens,Conrad Voelker 1 , Sabine Hoffmann 1 , Oliver Kornadt 1 ,Huizenga et al. , 2001; Hoffmann et al. , 2008; Voelker et

  14. Heat and moisture transfer through clothing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voelker, Conrad; Hoffmann, Sabine; Kornadt, Oliver; Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui; Huizenga, Charlie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Physical Sciences Hoffmann, S. , Kornadt, O. , Arens,Conrad Voelker 1 , Sabine Hoffmann 1 , Oliver Kornadt 1 ,Huizenga et al. , 2001; Hoffmann et al. , 2008; Voelker et

  15. Integrating deformations between bodies and clothes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordier, Frederic

    Virtual humans keep raising a lot of interest in the computer animation community. The simulation that allows animating a virtual human as in reality: a unique entity. The main aspect of this research work of virtual humans has many applications, such as enter- tainment industries, interactive television

  16. Waste Toolkit A-Z Clothes & textiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    development. In 2011 they raised Ł300,000 to support projects tackling poverty and saving lives around

  17. HEAT AND MOISTURE TRANSFER THROUGH CLOTHING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voelker, Conrad; Hoffmann, Sabine; Kornadt, Oliver; Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui; Huizenga, Charlie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R. C. Eberhart (ed), Heat transfer in medicine and biology.between convective heat transfer and mass transferConvective and radiative heat transfer coefficients for

  18. Heat and moisture transfer through clothing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voelker, Conrad; Hoffmann, Sabine; Kornadt, Oliver; Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui; Huizenga, Charlie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R. C. Eberhart (ed), Heat transfer in medicine and biology.Convective and radiative heat transfer coefficients forbetween convective heat transfer and mass transfer

  19. Test Cloth Qualification | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 - JanuaryTank 48H Treatment

  20. Powerful, Efficient Electric Vehicle Chargers: Low-Cost, Highly-Integrated Silicon Carbide (SiC) Multichip Power Modules (MCPMs) for Plug-In Hybrid Electric

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ADEPT Project: Currently, charging the battery of an electric vehicle (EV) is a time-consuming process because chargers can only draw about as much power from the grid as a hair dryer. APEI is developing an EV charger that can draw as much power as a clothes dryer, which would drastically speed up charging time. APEI's charger uses silicon carbide (SiC)-based power transistors. These transistors control the electrical energy flowing through the charger's circuits more effectively and efficiently than traditional transistors made of straight silicon. The SiC-based transistors also require less cooling, enabling APEI to create EV chargers that are 10 times smaller than existing chargers.

  1. Use of Residential Smart Appliances for Peak-Load Shifting and Spinning Reserves Cost/Benefit Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sastry, Chellury; Pratt, Robert G.; Srivastava, Viraj; Li, Shun

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, we present the results of an analytical cost/benefit study of residential smart appliances from a utility/grid perspective in support of a joint stakeholder petition to the ENERGY STAR program within the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Department of Energy (DOE). The goal of the petition is in part to provide appliance manufacturers incentives to hasten the production of smart appliances. The underlying hypothesis is that smart appliances can play a critical role in addressing some of the societal challenges, such as anthropogenic global warming, associated with increased electricity demand, and facilitate increased penetration of renewable sources of power. The appliances we consider include refrigerator/freezers, clothes washers, clothes dryers, room air-conditioners, and dishwashers. The petition requests the recognition that providing an appliance with smart grid capability, i.e., products that meet the definition of a smart appliance, is at least equivalent to a corresponding five percent in operational machine efficiencies. It is then expected that given sufficient incentives and value propositions, and suitable automation capabilities built into smart appliances, residential consumers will be adopting these smart appliances and will be willing participants in addressing the aforementioned societal challenges by more effectively managing their home electricity consumption. The analytical model we utilize in our cost/benefit analysis consists of a set of user-definable assumptions such as the definition of on-peak (hours of day, days of week, months of year), the expected percentage of normal consumer electricity consumption (also referred to as appliance loads) that can shifted from peak hours to off-peak hours, the average power rating of each appliance, etc. Based on these assumptions, we then formulate what the wholesale grid operating-cost savings, or benefits, would be if the smart capabilities of appliances were invoked, and some percentage of appliance loads were shifted away from peak hours to run during off-peak hours, and appliance loads served power-system balancing needs such as spinning reserves that would otherwise have to be provided by generators. The rationale is that appliance loads can be curtailed for about ten minutes or less in response to a grid contingency without any diminution in the quality of service to the consumer. We then estimate the wholesale grid operating-cost savings based on historical wholesale-market clearing prices (location marginal and spinning reserve) from major wholesale power markets in the United States. The savings derived from the smart grid capabilities of an appliance are then compared to the savings derived from a five percent increase in traditional operational machine efficiencies, referred to as cost in this report, to determine whether the savings in grid operating costs (benefits) are at least as high as or higher than the operational machine efficiency credit (cost).

  2. Northern Tool + Equipment Find the Right Fitting for Your Pressure Washer at Northern Tool! NorthernTool.com/PressureWashers Pristine Pressure Pressure/power washing in Maryland Vinyl siding cleaned, decks cleaned www.pristinepressure.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sóbester, András

    and microchips; and poor construction -- from shipbuilding to space shuttles -- since dirty surfaces do not bond.LifeIonizers.com/Alkaline-Water... Braun® Official Site Braun® Series Premium Shavers. Try Risk Free: Money Back Guaranteed. www

  3. Resilient Electric Distribution Grid R&D Workshop - June 11, 2014 |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -Department ofEMSpentResidential Clothes Washers

  4. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -Department ofEMSpentResidential Clothes WashersServices »

  5. Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under Way |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -Department ofEMSpentResidential Clothes WashersServices

  6. Electrolux: ENERGY STAR Referral (EIDW6305***) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy Chinaof EnergyImpactOn July 2, 2014 in theGroupJuneThis primer onClothes Washers

  7. HERS experiment cause for confidence.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavallo, J. D.; Energy Systems

    1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At last April's Affordable Comfort conference, I conducted a small HERS (home energy ratings) experiment to examine the relative variability of ratings in new and older homes. The experiment grew out of discussions with Oak Ridge National Laboratory Senior Researcher Mark Ternes and EPA Energy Specialist Mia South about how good the HERS tools currently employed in the new homes market are at identifying cost-effective conservation measures in existing homes. Older homes present challenges for raters that may not generally exist in new construction. These include the absence of blueprints, the inability to interview the builder, the difficulty of identifying the operating efficiency of installed equipment, and different envelope characteristics within the home caused by partial remodels over the years. For precisely these reasons, the need for accurate ratings of older homes is acute. The efficacy of ratings in existing homes hinges on two questions: How accurate are the ratings in existing homes? and, How much does accuracy matter to the selection of conservation measures? A small experiment was organized to test the variability of ratings. Two homes were chosen to represent the very broad spectra that raters can find in the new-construction and existing-home housing stock. The new home in Park Ridge, Illinois, is typical in size and layout of the homes being built in the suburbs around Chicago. This four-bedroom, two-story house with finished basement measures slightly more than 4,000 ft{sup 2}, including the basement. The older home is located in Elgin, Illinois, and was built before 1940, probably sometime in the '20s or '30s. This two-bedroom house has a basement in which the furnace, water heater, clothes washer, and dryer are located. The raters disagreed as to whether the basement should be considered part of the conditioned space. Excluding the basement area, the house measurement approximately 1,000 ft{sup 2}. The rating process included a site visit to measure the homes features, inspection of the blueprints for the new home (none existed for the Elgin home), and a blower door test. After the raters completed their analysis, I examined the effect that the variability of ratings for the Elgin home had on choices for energy conservation measures. Although the sample was small, the results of this experiment are valuable. They may be summarized as follows: First, the ratings that different analysts estimated varied more widely for the older home than they did for the new home. Second, for the older home, the identification of cost-effective energy conservation measures was insensitive to the variation in ratings. Clearly, these findings need to be verified in further experiments. But it is noteworthy that the separate ratings of the new home were in such good agreement, and that cost-effective efficiency recommendations can be arrived at even when divergences exist in the absolute rating value. These findings also suggest that it is appropriate to have confidence in ratings as a tool for identifying cost-effective energy measures in older housing stock.

  8. Electrical Appliances Students may use clocks, sound equipment, computers, electric razors, hair dryers,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    with a heating coil *Torchiere type lamps with a halogen bulb, and other lamps with a halogen bulb greater than there is specific UL approval for a higher wattage. Violators of any of the above policies will be charged $50, Prohibited Appliances, and Halogen Torchiere Lamps 1st offense: $50.00 fine and the student will be called

  9. COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE MANUFACTURED AGGREGATE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING SPRAY DRYER ASH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy Scandrol

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarterly report covers the period from April 1st, 2003 through June 30th, 2003. It covers; technical development, permitting status, engineering status, construction status, operations summary and marketing support activities for this period.

  10. Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy O. Scandrol

    2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarterly report covers the period from April 1, 2005 through June 30, 2005. It covers: technical development, permitting status, engineering status, construction status, operations summary and marketing support activities for this period.

  11. Cold Vacuum Dryer (CVD) Facility Fire Protection System Design Description (SYS 24)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SINGH, G.

    2000-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This system design description (SDD) addresses the Cold Vacuum Drying (CVD) Facility fire protection system (FPS). The primary features of the FPS for the CVD are a fire alarm and detection system, automatic sprinklers, and fire hydrants. The FPS also includes fire extinguishers located throughout the facility and fire hydrants to assist in manual firefighting efforts. In addition, a fire barrier separates the operations support (administrative) area from the process bays and process bay support areas. Administrative controls to limit combustible materials have been established and are a part of the overall fire protection program. The FPS is augmented by assistance from the Hanford Fire Department (HED) and by interface systems including service water, electrical power, drains, instrumentation and controls. This SDD, when used in conjunction with the other elements of the definitive design package, provides a complete picture of the FPS for the CVD Facility.

  12. Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy Scandrol

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarterly report covers the period from July 1st, 2004 through September 30th, 2004. It covers: technical development, permitting status, engineering status, construction status, operations summary and marketing support activities for this period. Plant startup, including equipment and system debugging, is underway. Minor adjustments to the SDA feed system, pug mill, and extruder were completed. Testing of admixtures to prevent the wetted SDA from sticking is continuing. The power plant is implementing a lime optimization program to reduce the calcium hydroxide values in the ash.

  13. Hair Dryer vs. Upright Vacuum: Round Two of #EnergyFaceoff Begins |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P. D'Agostino,GlenLearning and DevelopmentDepartment of

  14. Hair Dryer vs. Upright Vacuum: Round Two of #EnergyFaceoff Begins |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(Fact Sheet), GeothermalGridHYDROGEN TO THE HIGHWAYS HYDROGENHaier: OrderDepartment

  15. african textile clothing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for weddings as this is a well-known event for most people. The underlying technology is Smart-Its, small context-aware computers with ad-hoc networking capabilities. The result...

  16. Gender classification by combining clothing, hair and facial component classifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Bao-Liang

    facial images is widely used in applications like human­computer interface, demographics, and customer difficulties. The psychological experi- ment in our previous work showed that hair provides discrimi- native of these images. They get 96.3% classification accuracy on color images, and 93.5% on gray images on average. From

  17. The Turkic Stratigraphy of Salar: An Oghuz in Chagatay Clothes?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dwyer, Arienne M.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The classification of Salar entails several Turkic and non-Turkic layers. Salar was once assigned to the Southeastern branch of the Turkic family (e.g. by Poppe 1953). This article indicates that Salar is firmly of the ...

  18. Typical Clothing Ensemble Insulation Levels for Sixteen Body Parts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Juyoun; Zhang, Hui; Arens, Edward

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal Comfort.1994 CLO Insulation Levels For Sixteen Bodya mesh arm chair whose insulation level was measured. FigureExperimental Conditions. CLO Insulation Levels For Sixteen

  19. activated carbon cloth: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blackhawk Road, APG, MD USA 21010 ABSTRACT The impregnated active carbon in active carbon filters by combining the electromechanical impedance spectroscopy (EMIS Giurgiutiu, Victor...

  20. Lightweight 'solar cloth' photovoltaics have flexible future | OpenEI

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and WindLighting Control Design Jump to:Photonics Jump

  1. SIMWyPES® Cleaning Cloths - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection245C Unlimited Release PrintedDEVIATIONSReduce5,Science,SIMWyPES®

  2. ARM - VAP Product - mmcrmode4pr200408121cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office

  3. Donate used career clothes to help others through October 15

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA : Papers69 FederalAdministration Donald Hodel

  4. Job Title:Animal Caretaker (Biocontainment) -Recent Graduates Department:Department Of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    contamination. Reports history of each animal's medical treatment, physical state, diet, feed and water, automatic water systems, autoclaves, cage washers, rack washers, electric forklifts, trucks and automobiles

  5. Energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products: public meeting clarification, questions and answers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eighteen corporations and manufacturers provided answers to many questions posed at a public meeting on energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products. Questions on the regulations concerning the manufacturing standards, performance standards, and testing standards are included. Questions were posed about air conditioners, refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, stoves (ranges), ovens, clothes dryers, oil fired burners, water heaters, furnaces, etc. A presentation containing information pertaining to the values of average annual energy consumption per unit used by DOE in its analysis leading to proposed energy efficiency standards for nine types of consumer products is included. (MCW)

  6. Connectors Unipole from 2 to 150 Amps Coaxial 50 and 75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    Insulating washers Double plastic panel washers q Locking washers q Tapered washers q Hexagonal nuts q Round Watertight q Sealed (pressure and/or vacuum) q With plastic outer shell q With aluminium outer shell With stainless steel outer shell q With special radiation resistant insulator material With screw thread coupling

  7. Results of the Grid Friendly Appliance Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammerstrom, Donald J.

    2010-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Pacific Northwest GridWise™ Testbed Demonstration funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and others, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) collaborated with Whirlpool Corporation, Invensys Controls, the Bonneville Power Administration, PacifiCorp, Portland General Electric and several smaller utilities to install 150 new Sears Kenmore clothes dryers and to retrofit 50 existing electric water heaters in homes in Washington and Oregon. Each dryer and water heater was configured to respond to the Grid Friendly™ appliance controller, a small electronic circuit that sensed underfrequency grid conditions and requested that electric load be shed by the appliances. These controllers and appliances were observed for over a year in residences spread over a wide geographic area. The controllers were found to respond predictably and reliably despite their geographic separation. Over 350 minor underfrequency events were observed during the experiment. This paper presents the distributions of these events by season and by time of day. Based on measured load profiles for the dryers and water heaters, the average electrical load that can be shed by each of the two appliance types was estimated by time of day and by season. Battelle Memorial Institute and PNNL have been assembling a suite of grid-responsive functions and benefits that can be achieved through the control of relatively small, distributed loads and resources on a power grid. These controllers should eventually receive acceptance for the opportunities they offer for circuit protection, regulation services, facilitation of demand responsiveness, and even power quality.

  8. An Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujita, Kimberly; Dale, Larry; Fujita, K. Sydny

    2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes our study of the price elasticity of demand for home appliances, including refrigerators, clothes washers, and dishwashers. In the context of increasingly stringent appliance standards, we are interested in what kind of impact the increased manufacturing costs caused by higher efficiency requirements will have on appliance sales. We begin with a review of existing economics literature describing the impact of economic variables on the sale of durable goods.We then describe the market for home appliances and changes in this market over the past 20 years, performing regression analysis on the shipments of home appliances and relevant economic variables including changes to operating cost and household income. Based on our analysis, we conclude that the demand for home appliances is price inelastic.

  9. Modeling patterns of hot water use in households

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lutz, James D.; Liu, Xiaomin; McMahon, James E.; Dunham, Camilla; Shown, Leslie J.; McCure, Quandra T.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a detailed model of hot water use patterns in individual households. The model improves upon an existing model by including the effects of four conditions that were previously unaccounted for: the absence of a clothes washer; the absence of a dishwasher; a household consisting of seniors only; and a household that does not pay for its own hot water use. Although these four conditions can significantly affect residential hot water use, and have been noted in other studies, this is the first time that they have been incorporated into a detailed model. This model allows detailed evaluation of the impact of potential efficiency standards for water heaters and other market transformation policies.

  10. Modeling patterns of hot water use in households

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lutz, J.D.; Liu, Xiaomin; McMahon, J.E. [and others

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a detailed model of hot water use patterns in individual household. The model improves upon an existing model by including the effects of four conditions that were previously unaccounted for: the absence of a clothes washer; the absence of a dishwasher; a household consisting of seniors only; and a household that does not pay for its own hot water use. Although these four conditions can significantly affect residential hot water use, and have been noted in other studies, this is the first time that they have been incorporated into a detailed model. This model allows detailed evaluation of the impact of potential efficiency standards for water heaters and other market transformation policies. 21 refs., 3 figs., 10 tabs.

  11. Method of aeration disinfecting and drying grain in bulk and pretreating seeds and a transverse blow silo grain dryer therefor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Danchenko, Vitaliy G. (Dnipropetrovsk, UA); Noyes, Ronald T. (Stillwater, OK); Potapovych, Larysa P. (Dnipropetrovsk, UA)

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Aeration drying and disinfecting grain crops in bulk and pretreating seeds includes passing through a bulk of grain crops and seeds disinfecting and drying agents including an ozone and air mixture and surrounding air, subdividing the disinfecting and drying agents into a plurality of streams spaced from one another in a vertical direction, and passing the streams at different heights through levels located at corresponding heights of the bulk of grain crops and seeds transversely in a substantially horizontal direction.

  12. This is a partial list of items you may consider brining to campus. Coordinate with your roommate to avoid over-crowding your room.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clothes hangers Dress clothes Fall clothing (badger gear) Undergarments Warm coat Winter accessories

  13. Energy Efficiency Adult Tracking Report - Final

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson-Grant, Amy

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Postwave tracking study for the Energy Efficiency Adult Campaign This study serves as measure of key metrics among the campaign’s target audience, homeowners age 25+. Key measures include: Awareness of messages relating to the broad issue; Recognition of the PSAs; Relevant attitudes, including interest, ease of taking energy efficient steps, and likelihood to act; Relevant knowledge, including knowledge of light bulb alternatives and energy efficient options; and Relevant behaviors, including specific energy-saving behaviors mentioned within the PSAs. Wave 1: May 27 – June 7, 2011 Wave 2: May 29 – June 8, 2012 Wave 3: May 29 – June 19, 2014 General market sample of adults 25+ who own their homes W1 sample: n = 704; W2: n=701; W3: n=806 Online Survey Panel Methodology Study was fielded by Lightspeed Research among their survey panel. Sample is US Census representative of US homeowners by race/ethnicity, income, age, region, and family status. At least 30% of respondents were required to have not updated major appliances in their home in the past 5 years (dishwasher, stove, refrigerator, washer, or dryer).

  14. UNITED STATES DEPAR'IMENT OF THE INTERIOR, FRED A. SEATO, SECRETARY FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, ARNIE J . SUOMEIA, C SSIONER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . . · · · · · . · · · · · Freezing oysters. . · . · . . ... Canned oysters and oyster products . · ··. Whole oysters, fresh opened .. . . . . . · . . . . . . . . Oyster meat washer or "bubbler" used to wash sand from opened meats . . . . . .. . . . . An oyster-shell grinding plant . . . . . . · · . . . Dumping oyster meats from washer onto grading table. Grading oyst ers

  15. Case History - Energy Reduction at the Abilene Texas Instruments Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, J. C.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for PCB washers with the 150 F washer effluent. The implementation of these energy conservation measures resulted in a continuing lower KW demand and KW-hr usage during a four-year period when manufacturing levels were steadily increasing....

  16. DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGH-TEMPERATURE, SOLID-STATE, ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE TECHNIQUE TO STUDY THE THERMODYNAMICS OF LEWIS-ACID-BASE TRANSITION METAL ALLOYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullard, Gary Lloyd

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and washer were mounted in epoxy resin (Koldmount, Vernon-steel washer and mount in epoxy resin 240, 320, 400, and 600sufficiently softened the epoxy resin to get the electrode

  17. VEHICLE ANNUAL COMPREHENSIVE INSPECTION CHECKLIST To be completed for each vehicle annually

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    ( ) Windshield washer ( ) Wiper blade arm ( ) Clutch travel UNDERHOOD INSPECTION ( ) A/C system ( ) Hood latch Back up lights Parking lights Check Minor Items Wiper blades W/S washer fluid Mirrors Check Fluid

  18. PLEASE RUSH

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    washers out of U v Beta metal slab on punch press. Re No ventilation in area. Oil pH pira tor worn. 1816 1433 BZ Same as 1815 - 32 washers stamp- .02 3 .06 ed in this...

  19. Farm Safety Tips Wear protective clothing when applying pesticides (April through July)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    device. (All season) Make sure all air compressors and related equipment are in good working order and reducing problems with ticks (All season) Have and keep in good working order back-up warning devices

  20. Ammonia treatment of carbon cloth anodes to enhance power generation of microbial fuel cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mediators such as anthraquinone-1,6-dis- sulfonic acid (AQDS) or 1,4-Naphthoquinone (NQ) [27]. However

  1. Science Under Attack! Public Policy, Science Education and the Emperor's New Clothes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Professor Lawrence Krauss

    2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The popular debate about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools is but one quandary for scientists and policy makers. Given recent developments which have worked to breed a general distrust of science, it is evident that researchers and politicians alike should be wary of using popular opinion as a guide for policy and pedagogy when it comes to science in public education. Dr. Krauss will qualify this complex issue and will address how educators, policy makers and scientists can work effectively to prevent public misconceptions of science.

  2. The trouser under the cloth : Ceylon/Sri Lanka, personal space in the decolonization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the processes of decolonization in Ceylon/Sri Lanka, through the expressions of personal space surrounding the event of political independence. Personal space is understood as dress, manners, and ...

  3. Clothing that is brought back home should be washed several times before packing to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolding, M. Chad

    . If you cannot leave your shoes, remove all organic matter, and then disinfect them with household bleach as listed on back page. 2. Remove any organic matter (dirt, manure) from luggage, cameras, cell phones.S. This includes all types of food items, even canned foods. 5. Avoid farms sale barns, fairs, stockyards, zoos

  4. Science Under Attack! Public Policy, Science Education, and the Emperor's New Clothes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krauss, Lawrence (Case Western Reserve University) [Case Western Reserve University

    2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The popular debate about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools is but one quandary for scientists and policy makers. Given recent developments which have worked to breed a general distrust of science, it is evident that researchers and politicians alike should be wary of using popular opinion as a guide for policy and pedagogy when it comes to science in public education. Dr. Krauss will qualify this complex issue and will address how educators, policy makers and scientists can work effectively to prevent public misconceptions of science.

  5. The "Stylish Battle" World War II and Clothing Design Restrictions in Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannon, Laura Bellew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Substitutes for 19 Critical Materials,” Motion Picturevolition to conserve critical raw materials. 14 They formedtheir use of critical raw materials. Indeed, straightening

  6. Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrack graphics4Dimitri Kusnezov -Purpose(FY)The

  7. GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: FinalOffers3.pdf0-45.pdf0 Budget Fossil EnergyFull Text ManagementDOEGE

  8. 2014-02-21 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment ofCBFO-13-3322(EE)Department ofNow4 Year-in-Review i

  9. DOE Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"WaveInteractions and Policy (2009)|PublishesDOEWasher Waivers |

  10. Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197E TDrew Bittner About Us Drew BittnerHomeDry

  11. A 3D Superconductor in 1D Clothing | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3 Ut NOTICE20-Year3-YearA

  12. Supernovae of the Same Brightness, Cut From Vastly Different Cosmic Cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solid ...Success Stories

  13. Georgia Institute of Technology Environmental Health and Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ? Battery is free of leaks? Back-up alarm works? Windshield washer fluid? Heating, Air Conditioner of leaks? Back-up alarm works? Windshield washer fluid? Heating, Air Conditioner and Defroster works? Battery is free of leaks? Back-up alarm works? Windshield washer fluid? Heating, Air Conditioner

  14. Use of Regularization Functions in Problems of Dynamic Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    (fixed bed) Relative humidity : 0. Chromatography Column with reaction 6. Fixed Bed dryer 7. Cross-flow dryer #12;Use of Regularization Functions

  15. Pacific Northwest GridWise™ Testbed Demonstration Projects; Part II. Grid Friendly™ Appliance Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Brous, Jerry; Chassin, David P.; Horst, Gale R.; Kajfasz, Robert; Michie, Preston; Oliver, Terry V.; Carlon, Teresa A.; Eustis, Conrad; Jarvegren, Olof M.; Marek, W.; Munson, Ryan L.; Pratt, Robert G.

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fifty residential electric water heaters and 150 new residential clothes dryers were modified to respond to signals received from underfrequency, load-shedding appliance controllers. Each controller monitored the power-grid voltage signal and requested that electrical load be shed by its appliance whenever electric power-grid frequency fell below 59.95 Hz. The controllers and their appliances were installed and monitored for more than a year at residential sites at three locations in Washington and Oregon. The controllers and their appliances responded reliably to each shallow underfrequency event—an average of one event per day—and shed their loads for the durations of these events. Appliance owners reported that the appliance responses were unnoticed and caused little or no inconvenience for the homes’ occupants.

  16. Analysis and developpment of a Turbivo compressor for MRV applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ksayer, Elias Boulawz

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mechanical vapor recompression is an efficient process to decrease energy consumption of drying processes. In order to use the mechanical vapor recompression (MVR) in residential clothe dryers, the volumetric Turbivo technology is used to design a dry water vapor compressor. The Turbivo volumetric machine is composed mainly of a rotor with one blade, a stator, and a mobile oscillating thrust. The advantages of Turbivo(R) technology are the absence of contact between rotor and stator as well as the oil-free operation. A model of the Turbivo compressor, including kinematic, dynamic, and thermodynamic analysis is presented. The compressor internal tightness is ensured by a surface treatment of the compressor components. Using the model, a water vapor Turbivo compressor of 12m3/h and compression ratio of 5 has been sized and realized. The compressor prototype will be tested on a dedicated test bench to characterize its volumetric and isentropic efficiencies.

  17. Analysis and developpment of a Turbivo compressor for MRV applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elias Boulawz Ksayer; Denis Clodic

    2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The mechanical vapor recompression is an efficient process to decrease energy consumption of drying processes. In order to use the mechanical vapor recompression (MVR) in residential clothe dryers, the volumetric Turbivo technology is used to design a dry water vapor compressor. The Turbivo volumetric machine is composed mainly of a rotor with one blade, a stator, and a mobile oscillating thrust. The advantages of Turbivo(R) technology are the absence of contact between rotor and stator as well as the oil-free operation. A model of the Turbivo compressor, including kinematic, dynamic, and thermodynamic analysis is presented. The compressor internal tightness is ensured by a surface treatment of the compressor components. Using the model, a water vapor Turbivo compressor of 12m3/h and compression ratio of 5 has been sized and realized. The compressor prototype will be tested on a dedicated test bench to characterize its volumetric and isentropic efficiencies.

  18. Issues in federal preemption of state appliance energy efficiency regulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.M.; Balistocky, S.; Schaefler, A.M.

    1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The findings and conclusions of the analysis of the various issues involved in the federal preemption of state regulations for the DOE no standard rule on covered appliances are summarized. The covered products are: refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, kitchen ranges and ovens, water heaters (excluding heat pump water heaters), room air conditioners, central air conditioners (excluding heat pumps), and furnaces. A detailed discussion of the rationale for the positions of groups offering comment for the record is presneted. The pertinent categories of state and local regulations and programs are explained, then detailed analysis is conducted on the covered products and regulations. Issues relating to the timing of preemption of state regulations are discussed, as well as issues relating to burden of proof, contents of petitions for exemptions from preemption, criteria for evaluating petitions, and procedural and other issues. (LEW)

  19. Long-Term Carbon Injection Field Test for 90% Mercury Removal for a PRB Unit and and Spray Dryer Fabric Filter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sjostrom, Sharon; Amrhein, Jerry

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The digital full text of this document is divided into parts. This part contains part of one of the document's six appendices.

  20. ACEEE Int. J. on Control System and Instrumentation, Vol. 03, No. 02, March 2012 DOI:01.IJCSI.03.02.78

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    on physical prototypes, and reduce time to market. Here dryer, boiler control simulations are carried out

  1. EA-1449: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia

  2. Bottom: The PNNL-developed Grid Appliance Controller was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dryers and water heaters in Washington and Oregon during a 2007 demonstration project. The controller

  3. Positive contact, self retaining bearing seals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Bruce H. (Kansas City, MO); Larsen, Lawrence E. (Kansas City, MO); Welch, Edmund F. (Kansas City, MO)

    1992-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An ultra-low friction bearing including an inner race, an outer race, bearing elements engaged between the inner and outer races and a seal between the inner and outer races is disclosed. The seal includes first and second sealing washers. The first washer has an outer diameter greater than an inner diameter of the outer race and an inner diameter greater than the outer diameter of the inner race. The second washer has an inner diameter less than the outer diameter of the inner race and an outer diameter less than the inner diameter of the outer race. The first washer slidably engages the outer race, the second washer slidably engages the inner race and the washers overlap and slidably engage one another. One of the washers snap fits into its respective inner or outer race while the other washer engages a stepped surface of the other of the inner and outer races. The grooved and stepped surface are offset from one another in a longitudinal direction of the races such that the washers are conically loaded thus providing a seal between the inner and outer races sufficient to prevent lubricant and contaminating particles from passing therethrough. The washers are made from a non-metallic semi-flexible low-modulus material.

  4. New analysis techniques for estimating impacts of federal appliance efficiency standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMahon, James E.

    2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Impacts of U.S. appliance and equipment standards have been described previously. Since 2000, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has updated standards for clothes washers, water heaters, and residential central air conditioners and heat pumps. A revised estimate of the aggregate impacts of all the residential appliance standards in the United States shows that existing standards will reduce residential primary energy consumption and associated carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions by 89 percent in 2020 compared to the levels expected without any standards. Studies of possible new standards are underway for residential furnaces and boilers, as well as a number of products in the commercial (tertiary) sector, such as distribution transformers and unitary air conditioners. The analysis of standards has evolved in response to critiques and in an attempt to develop more precise estimates of costs and benefits of these regulations. The newer analysis elements include: (1) valuing energy savings by using marginal (rather than average) energy prices specific to an end-use; (2) simulating the impacts of energy efficiency increases over a sample population of consumers to quantify the proportion of households having net benefits or net costs over the life of the appliance; and (3) calculating marginal markups in distribution channels to derive the incremental change in retail prices associated with increased manufacturing costs for improving energy efficiency.

  5. A dsorption of H2 S or SO2 on an activated carbon cloth modified by ammonia treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    by treatment with ammonia/air at 300 8 C or with ammonia/steam at 800 8 C. The pore structure of the samples so prepared was examined by adsorption measurements. Changes in the surface chemistry were assessed by X granular activated carbons with similar pore size distribution [3]. However, the cost of ACFs makes

  6. Modeling of Bodies and Clothes for Virtual Environments Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Frederic Cordier, Hyewon Seo, George Papagianakis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordier, Frederic

    , Hyewon Seo, George Papagianakis MIRALab, University of Geneva Centre Universitaire d'Informatique 24 rue du General-Dufour, CH-1211 Genève, Switzerland E-mail: {thalmann, cordier, seo, papagianakis

  7. FLAME RETARDANT TREATMENTS _________________________________________________ All decorations, drapes, signs, banners, sails, acoustical materials, hay, straw, moss, split bamboo, plastic cloth, christms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    an operating internal combustion engine.4. Cooking with grease.5. Pyrotechnics.6. Erecting tents.7. Other

  8. A Reasonable Woman's Version of Cruel and Unusual Punishment: Cross-Gender, Clothed-Body Searches of Women Prisoners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krim, Lisa

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by men against women than vice versa. 34 Furthermore, thereguards work in women's prisons and vice versa. There are

  9. Influence Of Three Dynamic Predictive Clothing Insulation Models On Building Energy Use, HVAC Sizing And Thermal Comfort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ON BUILDING ENERGY USE, HVAC SIZING AND THERMAL COMFORT aThe results showed that when the HVAC is controlled based onequipment sizing. When the HVAC is controlled based on the

  10. King has no clothes: The role of the military in responding to a terrorist chemical/biological attack. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osterman, J.L.

    1996-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States has begun a program of counterproliferation in order to preempt the use of WMD by such elements, however, the ability to respond to the terrorist employment of biological/chemical weapons is absent. Given the structure, capability and technical expertise in the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Department of Defense (DoD) will be tasked to conduct the response to such an incident. The geographical Commander in Chief (CINC) and the appointed Joint Task Force (JTF) commander will ultimately be assigned the response mission. Planning, training and coordination is required to develop a force capable of responding in a timely and coordinated manner.

  11. International Comparison of Energy Efficiency Awards for Appliance Manufacturers and Retailers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Washers Residential Dishwashers Tankless Water HeatersStorage Water Heaters Room Air Conditioners Total Totalresidential gas tankless water heaters; residential gas

  12. NUCLEAR MATERIALS RESEARCH PROGRESS REPORTS FOR 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olander, D.R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photomicrograph of Tantalum Nut 3 Support Pins Furnace Lidtantalum yoke alumina washer (heat insulator) molybdenum collar stainless steel nut shield rotary glass shield pyrometer brew furnace

  13. Collecting Construction Equipment Activity Data from Caltrans Project Records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kable, Justin M

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generator Set Pumps Air Compressors Welders Pressure WashersSet 7. Graders 8. Air Compressors 9. Sweepers / ScrubbersSet 7. Graders 8. Air Compressors 9. Sweepers / Scrubbers

  14. Energy Audit Uncovers Major Energy Savings for Paper Mill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aue, J.; Pierce, S.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    section feasibility study through the installation of the Dryer Management System? control software. The steps will be discussed as follows: 1. Dryer Section Feasibility Study. This report quantified the energy savings and outlined a plan to upgrade...

  15. A New Approach to Industrial Air Conditioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gravenstreter, T.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -dryer Systems Division, has marketed industrial drying machinery. These heat reactivated dryers can handle latent loads in industrial air conditioning systems. Through waste heat conservation, air conditioning costs can be reduced 25 to 50%, with applications...

  16. The Intelligent Home Testbed Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raja, Anita

    agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, Cof- feeMaker, Heater, A/C, DishWasher, etc., and a robot of resources. For example, if hot water is scarce, the DishWasher agent may elect to run a cold cycle, trading-off solution quality for resource consumption ­ the agent may also elect to wait until hot water becomes

  17. Longitudinal discharge laser electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Warner, B.E.; Miller, J.L.; Ault, E.R.

    1994-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The improved longitudinal discharge laser electrode with IR baffle includes an electrode made up of washers spaced along the laser axis in order to form inter-washer spaces for hollow cathode discharge to take place and for IR radiation to be trapped. Additional IR baffles can be placed between the electrode ann the window. 2 figs.

  18. Active vibration control of rotating machinery using piezoelectric pushers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Timothy Stuart

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Circuit Washer Isolation Pad Machinery Casing isolation Pad Washer Spacer Squirrel Cage Mounted Bearing Housing Fig, 2. 2. Piezoelectric Pusher Mounted to Flexible Housing ~ X F(t) MBRG KPUSHER AfXREL XA+ A) PUSHER BARREL XB+ B) Fig. 2. 3...

  19. Electronic Parts and Services Engineering Student Work Lab: Engineering East (EE), Room 205A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Potentiometers (Pots) Motors, Servos, Solenoids, Fans, Air Batteries And Battery Holders Relays Cabinet 3 (Empty Manager, 561.297.3416, vansant@fau.edu Room Layout Cabinet 1 Battery Holders Crystals Crystals Assorted Standoffs Plastic Washers/Screws Washers Miscellaneous Hardware, Metal Screws Nuts Brackets

  20. air station project: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dryer space Mladenoff, David 23 NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory Ocean Climate Stations Project Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary:...

  1. New Technology Successes for Paper Drying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aue, J.; Pierce, S.; Grabner, K.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2003. The DMS is designed around four modules. Each module provides a unique view of the dryer operation to assist the operator with running the machine. 1. Supervisory Dryer Control Module The heart of the Dryer Management System... is the Supervisory Dryer Management Module. Anti-flooding logic, grade change logic, thermo compressor anti-choke logic, differential pressure adjustment based on siphon curves, automatic system start-up and shutdown and sheet break turndown are incorporated...

  2. Accelerating the Adoption of Second-Tier Reach Standards forApplicable Appliance Products in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Jiang; Fridley, David

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The minimum energy efficiency standards program for household appliances in China was initiated in 1989. Since 1996, CLASP and its implementing partner, LBNL, have assisted China in developing 11 minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for 9 products and endorsement labels for 11 products including: refrigerators; air conditioners; clothes washers; televisions; printers; computers; monitors; fax machines; copiers; DVD/VCD players; external power supplies; and set-top boxes (under development). Before 2003, China's traditional approach to standards development involved small increases in efficiency requirements for implementation within 6 months of a standard's approval. Since 2003, China has adopted a new approach in setting MEPS. This new approach involves the development of two tiers of standards--one for initial implementation and a second tier at a more aggressive level of energy efficiency for implementation three to five years later. The second-tier standard is also referred to as a 'reach standard'. Reach standards have now been developed in China for: color TVs; refrigerators; air conditioners; and external power supplies. This report is presented in five sections. After the introduction in Section 1, Section 2 analyzes the distribution of the efficiency of refrigerators and air-conditioners in China based on data collected by the China Energy Label Center for the mandatory energy information label program. The results provide an assessment of the adoption of reach standards for these two products. Section 3 summarizes on-going collaborations with Shanghai related to early local adoption of reach standards, and presents both the impact and an analysis of barriers to the local adoption of reach standard for air-conditioners. Section 4 offers suggestions for local governments on how to move forward in adopting reach standards in their localities and concludes with a summary of the results and a plan for developing local capacity in order to achieve success in adopting reach standards.

  3. Assessment of the Impacts of Standards and Labeling Programs inMexico (four products).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Itha; Pulido, Henry; McNeil, Michael A.; Turiel, Isaac; della Cava, Mirka

    2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This study analyzes impacts from energy efficiency standards and labeling in Mexico from 1994 through 2005 for four major products: household refrigerators, room air conditioners, three-phase (squirrel cage) induction motors, and clothes washers. It is a retrospective analysis, seeking to assess verified impacts on product efficiency in the Mexican market in the first ten years after standards were implemented. Such an analysis allows the Mexican government to compare actual to originally forecast program benefits. In addition, it provides an extremely valuable benchmark for other countries considering standards, and to the energy policy community as a whole. The methodology for evaluation begins with historical test data taken for a large number of models of each product type between 1994 and 2005. The pre-standard efficiency of models in 1994 is taken as a baseline throughout the analysis. Model efficiency data were provided by an independent certification laboratory (ANCE), which tested products as part of the certification and enforcement mechanism defined by the standards program. Using this data, together with economic and market data provided by both government and private sector sources, the analysis considers several types of national level program impacts. These include: Energy savings; Environmental (emissions) impacts, and Net financial impacts to consumers, manufacturers and utilities. Energy savings impacts are calculated using the same methodology as the original projections, allowing a comparison. Other impacts are calculated using a robust and sophisticated methodology developed by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), in a collaboration supported by the Collaborative Labeling and Standards Program (CLASP).

  4. Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbesi, Karina; Chan, Peter; Greenblatt, Jeffery; Kantner, Colleen; Lekov, Alex; Meyers, Stephen; Rosenquist, Gregory; Buskirk, Robert Van; Yang, Hung-Chia; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical analyses in support of U.S. energy conservation standards for residential appliances and commercial equipment have typically assumed that manufacturing costs and retail prices remain constant during the projected 30-year analysis period. There is, however, considerable evidence that this assumption does not reflect real market prices. Costs and prices generally fall in relation to cumulative production, a phenomenon known as experience and modeled by a fairly robust empirical experience curve. Using price data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and shipment data obtained as part of the standards analysis process, we present U.S. experience curves for room air conditioners, clothes dryers, central air conditioners, furnaces, and refrigerators and freezers. These allow us to develop more representative appliance price projections than the assumption-based approach of constant prices. These experience curves were incorporated into recent energy conservation standards for these products. The impact on the national modeling can be significant, often increasing the net present value of potential standard levels in the analysis. In some cases a previously cost-negative potential standard level demonstrates a benefit when incorporating experience. These results imply that past energy conservation standards analyses may have undervalued the economic benefits of potential standard levels.

  5. Economic analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

  6. DAVID COCKBURN An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind. Hampshire, Wales: Palgrave Press 2001. Pp. xviii + 157. (cloth: ISBN 0-333-78637-8) (paper: ISBN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    1 DAVID COCKBURN An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind. Hampshire, Wales: Palgrave Press 2001 the novice to some of the traditional issues in the philosophy of mind. To this end, the book is structured around discussions of dualism, physicalism, the problem of other minds, mental causation, personal

  7. All products of the future clothes, household devices, lamps will contain electronic units. Graduates in Electronic Design Engineering will be able

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Graduates in Electronic Design Engineering will be able to design both electronics and system software will also help to reduce carbon emissions. The Electronic Design Engineering programme equips students students to apply skills within real-life company projects. The Electronic Design Engineering programme

  8. Internet Gambling Offshore: Caribbean Struggles over Casino Capitalism. Andrew F. Cooper. Basingstoke, U.K.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. xvii + 201 pp. (Cloth US$ 85.00)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maurer, Bill

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Internet Gambling Offshore: Caribbean Struggles over Casinothe United States. Other Caribbean islands meanwhile servedand personalities of one Caribbean country’s attempt to

  9. Recirculation of In-Plant Air at General Motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKibben, V. L.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    along the surface of the plates until the cell is de-energized and put through an automatic wash cycle. *After cleaning one cell bank, the washer unit moves to the next powered by a motorized drive chain. *The washer unit is positioned in front... bank three times with detergent before rinsing twice with water. The cells drip dry, the dampers open to air dry, the cells are re-energized and the washer moves on to the next cell bank. The air passing through the ESP is cleaned to the point...

  10. A comparison of eddy current effects in a single sided magnetic thrust bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeWeese, Randall Thomas

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    finite element studies of magnetic thrust bearings using static bench testing procedures to investigate configurations that promote eddy current reduction. Several rotor/stator configurations, including solid metal, laminated washers, tapewound lam...

  11. Demand Forecast Advisory Committee in Preparation for the Seventh Power Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    products, electric motors, commercial water heaters, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning Water Heaters and Unfired Water Heater Tanks Compact Fluorescent Lamps Dehumidifiers Direct heating Washers Commercial Ice Makers Metal Halide Lamps Fixtures Pool heaters Commercial Ice Makers

  12. as21 magnesium alloy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In particular, the aluminum washer offered each kg means approximately an emission reduction of 0.12 g CO2km. Aluminum as a lightweight material Maume-Deschamps, Vronique...

  13. az80 magnesium alloy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In particular, the aluminum washer offered each kg means approximately an emission reduction of 0.12 g CO2km. Aluminum as a lightweight material Maume-Deschamps, Vronique...

  14. am50 magnesium alloy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In particular, the aluminum washer offered each kg means approximately an emission reduction of 0.12 g CO2km. Aluminum as a lightweight material Maume-Deschamps, Vronique...

  15. az61 magnesium alloy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In particular, the aluminum washer offered each kg means approximately an emission reduction of 0.12 g CO2km. Aluminum as a lightweight material Maume-Deschamps, Vronique...

  16. az magnesium alloys: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In particular, the aluminum washer offered each kg means approximately an emission reduction of 0.12 g CO2km. Aluminum as a lightweight material Maume-Deschamps, Vronique...

  17. az31b magnesium alloy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In particular, the aluminum washer offered each kg means approximately an emission reduction of 0.12 g CO2km. Aluminum as a lightweight material Maume-Deschamps, Vronique...

  18. am60 magnesium alloy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In particular, the aluminum washer offered each kg means approximately an emission reduction of 0.12 g CO2km. Aluminum as a lightweight material Maume-Deschamps, Vronique...

  19. am60b magnesium alloy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In particular, the aluminum washer offered each kg means approximately an emission reduction of 0.12 g CO2km. Aluminum as a lightweight material Maume-Deschamps, Vronique...

  20. Microwave-vacuum drying system (MIVAC). Final progress report No. 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardner, D.R.

    1980-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Testing of the MIVAC dryer commenced late in the 1978 harvest season. In order to more fully evaluate the MIVAC dryer, McDonnell Douglas requested an extension to the existing contract to cover testing of the MIVAC dryer throughout the 1979 harvest season. This report covers the tests conducted to fulfill the extended contract during the extension period, February 1979 through January 1980. During this period, the Tifton MIVAC dryer was evaluated by drying a wide variety of products, including corn, peanuts, rice, pine seed, grain sorghum, soybeans, rye, and sunflower seeds. In addition, a memorandum discussing the microwave safety of the Tifton MIVAC dryer was prepared, and polypropylene domes were tested and judged satisfactory to replace the Teflon disc microwave windows used in the original dryer configuration.

  1. air conditionne point: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the air quality. Trade off between high purchase price of refrigerated air dryer versus energy savings should also be evaluated. 2. Operational issues such as set point of...

  2. advanced natural gas-fired: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Drum Dryer for Food Processing Applications is the final report 8 A Case Study from Norway on Gas-Fired Power Plants, Carbon Sequestration, and Politics Environmental Sciences...

  3. Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ground source) dryers of CO2 as refrigerant, absorption replace standard cycle use for gas-heat pump electric and gas heating Approach Energy-saving potential (

  4. Geometry for web microwave heating or drying to a desired profile in a waveguide

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Habeger, Jr., Charles C.; Patterson, Timothy F.; Ahrens, Frederick W.

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A microwave heater and/or dryer has a nonlinear or curvilinear relative slot profile geometry. In one embodiment, the microwave dryer has at least one adjustable field modifier making it possible to change the geometry of the heater or dryer when drying different webs. In another embodiment, the microwave dryer provides more uniform drying of a web when the field modifier is adjusted in response to a sensed condition of the web. Finally, a method of microwave heating and/or drying a web achieves a uniform heating and/or drying profile.

  5. accelerator machines cathode: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reduce this waste of energy, the potential for waste recovery and equipment available for waste heat recovery. Areas under study include the press section, paper machine dryer...

  6. ENERGY EFFICIENCY OPPORTUNITIES IN THE U.S. PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramer, Klaas Jan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced dryer controls Waste heat recovery Control of dewprocess and recovering its waste heat for beneficial use.was seven months [40]. Waste heat recovery. In the paper

  7. Data:F7d32d82-0ff9-457e-9c41-d97dee5785c9 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 20130221 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation Pumping and Dryer Service Sector: Residential Description: Available to irrigation consumers...

  8. Data:750c6f09-fe02-4979-b5c1-46053156c3cf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 20130221 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation Pumping and Dryer Service(Interruptible rate) Sector: Residential Description: Available to...

  9. Data:53639cd6-e74e-459f-81e2-2d4a9752090c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AVAILABILITY: Available to any member of the REMC requiring seasonal service including irrigation systems, grain dryers and drainage pumps which require at least twenty-five...

  10. CX-006474: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006474: Categorical Exclusion Determination Biodiesel Crusher and Dryer Facility Upgrades CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08092011...

  11. Audit Report on "The Department's Management of the ENERGY STAR Program"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) authorized about $300 million in consumer rebate incentives for purchases of products rated under the 'ENERGY STAR' Program. ENERGY STAR, a voluntary labeling program established in 1992, provides consumers with energy efficiency data for a range of products so that they can make informed purchase judgments. The overall goal of the program is to encourage consumers to choose energy efficient products, advancing the nationwide goal of reducing energy consumption. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) managed the ENERGY STAR Program on a stand-alone basis until 1996 when it joined forces with the Department of Energy (Department). A Memorandum of Cooperation expanded the ENERGY STAR product categories, giving the Department responsibility for overseeing eight product categories such as windows, dishwashers, clothes washers, and refrigerators, while EPA retained responsibility for electronic product categories and heating, ventilating, and cooling equipment. Each agency is responsible for setting product efficiency specifications for those items under its control and for ensuring the proper use of the ENERGY STAR label in the marketplace. In August 2007, the EPA Office of Inspector General issued an audit report identifying significant control weaknesses in EPA's management of ENERGY STAR. The Department, concerned by the findings at EPA and eager to improve its own program, developed an approach to verify adherence to product specifications, ensure proper use of the ENERGY STAR label in the marketplace, and improve the establishment of product specifications. As evidenced by the commitment of $300 million in Recovery Act funds, the ENERGY STAR Program plays an important role in the U.S. efforts to reduce energy consumption. We initiated this audit to determine whether the Department had implemented the actions it announced in 2007 to strengthen the Program. The Department had not implemented planned improvements in the ENERGY STAR Program. Our audit revealed that officials had not: (1) Developed a formal quality assurance program to help ensure that product specifications were adhered to; (2) Effectively monitored the use of the ENERGY STAR label to ensure that only qualifying products were labeled as compliant; and (3) Formalized procedures for establishing and revising product specifications and for documenting decisions regarding those specifications. In our judgment, the delay in the Department's planned improvements in its management of the ENERGY STAR Program could reduce consumer confidence in the integrity of the ENERGY STAR label. Such loss of credibility could reduce energy savings, increase consumer risk, and diminish the value of the recent infusion of $300 million for ENERGY STAR rebates under the Recovery Act.

  12. The Life and Works of Yi Ok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Youme

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rice and salt for a cook, hemp clothes made by weavingwearing a straw hat and blue hemp clothes reproached Yi with

  13. .~f~/-j/^/ 7--5) CONF-8 21217--2 |

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    States showing the effect of a vented electric dryer on house HVAC energy consumption. INTRODUCTION.S. Government's right to retain a nonexclusive, royalty-free license in and to any copyright covering ventilation on the house infiltration rate. An outside-vented electric dryer was used as the power vent

  14. Steam atmosphere drying exhaust steam recompression system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becker, F.E.; Smolensky, L.A.; Doyle, E.F.; DiBella, F.A.

    1994-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to a heated steam atmosphere drying system comprising dryer in combination with an exhaust recompression system which is extremely energy efficient and eliminates dangers known to air dryers. The system uses superheated steam as the drying medium, which recirculates through the system where its heat of evaporation and heat of compression is recovered, thereby providing a constant source of heat to the drying chamber. The dryer has inlets whereby feedstock and superheated steam are fed therein. High heat transfer and drying rates are achieved by intimate contact of the superheated steam with the particles being dried. The dryer comprises a vessel which enables the feedstock and steam to enter and recirculate together. When the feedstock becomes dry it will exit the dryer with the steam and become separated from the steam through the use of a curvilinear louver separator (CLS). The CLS enables removal of fine and ultrafine particles from the dryer. Water vapor separated from the particles in the CLS as superheated steam, may then be recovered and recirculated as steam through the use of a compressor to either directly or indirectly heat the dryer, and a heat exchanger or a heater to directly provide heat to the dryer. This system not only provides a very efficient heat transfer system but results in a minimum carry-over of ultrafine particles thereby eliminating any explosive hazard. 17 figures.

  15. Steam atmosphere drying exhaust steam recompression system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becker, Frederick E. (Reading, MA); Smolensky, Leo A. (Concord, MA); Doyle, Edward F. (Dedham, MA); DiBella, Francis A. (Roslindale, MA)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to a heated steam atmosphere drying system comprising dryer in combination with an exhaust recompression system which is extremely energy efficient and eliminates dangers known to air dryers. The system uses superheated steam as the drying medium, which recirculated through the system where its heat of evaporation and heat of compression is recovered, thereby providing a constant source of heat to the drying chamber. The dryer has inlets whereby feedstock and superheated steam are fed therein. High heat transfer and drying rates are achieved by intimate contact of the superheated steam with the particles being dried The dryer comprises a vessel which enables the feedstock and steam to enter recirculate together. When the feedstock becomes dry it will exit the dryer with the steam and become separated from the steam through the use of a curvilinear louver separator (CLS). The CLS enables removal of fine and ultrafine particles from the dryer. Water vapor separated from the particles in the CLS as superheated steam, may then be recovered and recirculated as steam through the use of a compressor to either directly or indirectly heat the dryer, and a heat exchanger or a heater to directly provide heat to the dryer. This system not only provides a very efficient heat transfer system but results in a minimum carry-over of ultrafine particles thereby eliminating any explosive hazard.

  16. created by Hera Daldalian 7653 GROUND TRANSPORTATION includes taxis, tolls car rental, train, parking and Amtrak , gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , heavy clothing gear while on trip-hiking gear, heavy coats etc. BOOKS, PURCHASING ABSTACTS, REPRINTS

  17. MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET AcculamTM Epoxyglas AcculamTM Epoxyglas -1 -Date of Issue: 11/29/2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    should wear positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus ( SCBA) and protective clothing. Dust

  18. GHS SAFETY DATA SHEET Date Revised: FEB 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    apparatus (SCBA) and protective fire fighting clothing. 4-Severe SECTION 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

  19. VOLUME 117 ISSUE NO. 31 O F T H E U N I V E R S I T Y O F W A S H I N G T O N class days left

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    Huskies Coug it Recyclemania:puttingUWstudentstothetest FEATURES » page 6 Students start clothing business

  20. Page 1 of 2 Stanford 2007 Putnam Hint Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vakil, Ravi

    clothes (dress in layers), wristwatch, pens, pencils, erasers, earplugs, seat cushion, tissues, cough

  1. Book Review: Fade to Black and White: Interracial Images in Popular Culture, by Erica Chito Childs. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefiled, 2009, 250 pages, $75.00 Cloth, $27.95 Paper. ISBN: 9780742560802.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henricks, Kasey

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    culture media. &KLOGV#3;LGHQWLżHV#3;QXPHURXV#3;DUHDV#3;LQ#3;ZKLFK#3;SRSXODU#3;FXOWXUH#3;PHGLD#3; FDQ#3;UHLQIRUFH#3;WKH#3;UDFLDO#3;VWDWXV#3;TXR#3;RI#3; LQHTXDOLW\\#15;#3;DQG#3;WKXV#3;WKLV#3; ERRN#3;VHUYHV#3;DV#3;D#3;SUHOLPLQDU\\#3;VWHS#3;WRZDUG#3;IXWXUH#3...;#3;&KLOGV#3;LGHQWLżHV#3;QXPHURXV#3; DUHDV#3;LQ#3;ZKLFK#3;SRSXODU#3;FXOWXUH#3;PHGLD#3;FDQ#3;UHLQIRUFH#3;WKH#3;UDFLDO#3;VWDWXV#3; TXR#3;RI#3;LQHTXDOLW\\#15;#3;DQG#3;WKXV#3;WKLV#3;ERRN#3;VHUYHV#3;DV#3;D#3;SUHOLPLQDU\\#3;VWHS#3; WRZDUG#3; VROXWLRQ#16;GULYHQ#3...

  2. Dielectric supported radio-frequency cavities

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Lee, Terry G. (Cupertino, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A device which improves the electrical and thermomechanical performance of an RF cavity, for example, in a disk-loaded accelerating structure. A washer made of polycrystalline diamond is brazed in the middle to a copper disk washer and at the outer edge to the plane wave transformer tank wall, thus dissipating heat from the copper disk to the outer tank wall while at the same time providing strong mechanical support to the metal disk. The washer structure eliminates the longitudinal connecting rods and cooling channels used in the currently available cavities, and as a result minimizes problems such as shunt impedance degradation and field distortion in the plane wave transformer, and mechanical deflection and uneven cooling of the disk assembly.

  3. Protective interior wall and attach8ing means for a fusion reactor vacuum vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phelps, Richard D. (Greeley, CO); Upham, Gerald A. (Valley Center, CA); Anderson, Paul M. (San Diego, CA)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An array of connected plates mounted on the inside wall of the vacuum vessel of a magnetic confinement reactor in order to provide a protective surface for energy deposition inside the vessel. All fasteners are concealed and protected beneath the plates, while the plates themselves share common mounting points. The entire array is installed with torqued nuts on threaded studs; provision also exists for thermal expansion by mounting each plate with two of its four mounts captured in an oversize grooved spool. A spool-washer mounting hardware allows one edge of a protective plate to be torqued while the other side remains loose, by simply inverting the spool-washer hardware.

  4. Assembly for electrical conductivity measurements in the piston cylinder device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Watson, Heather Christine (Dublin, CA); Roberts, Jeffrey James (Livermore, CA)

    2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An assembly apparatus for measurement of electrical conductivity or other properties of a sample in a piston cylinder device wherein pressure and heat are applied to the sample by the piston cylinder device. The assembly apparatus includes a body, a first electrode in the body, the first electrode operatively connected to the sample, a first electrical conductor connected to the first electrode, a washer constructed of a hard conducting material, the washer surrounding the first electrical conductor in the body, a second electrode in the body, the second electrode operatively connected to the sample, and a second electrical conductor connected to the second electrode.

  5. Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, Max

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dryers, and other local ventilation. ? Occupant activitiesventilation such as that provided by economizers or intermittent locallocal kitchen and bath exhausts, but a large part of the standard focuses on the continuous mechanical whole-house ventilation.

  6. Photodissociation Dynamics and Spectroscopy of Free Radical Combustion Intermediates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, David L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    F. L . Dryer, Progr. Energy Combustion Sei. 10,1 (1984); W.1994); S. Zabarnick, Combustion Flame 85,27 (1991); D. B.81,2514 (1977). J. Warnatz, Combustion Chemistry, ed. W. C.

  7. Modern Compressed Air Piping Selection and Design Can Have a Great Impact on Your Compressed Air Energy Dollars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Ormer, H.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the pressure losses and piping performance. Case studies are used to show how conventional piping design and sizing keep “extra compressors on line” - preclude proper control operation - waste energy - shorten filter life - and have a negative impact on dryer...

  8. air flow system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - Why? And How? Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: and dryers, and ends at the Compressor Room door. The Demand side is all of the distribution piping system, and all of...

  9. Data:9910f7f1-6a0e-4f4e-9862-445b87adb06a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    dryers, hot tubs, spas, saunas, or pool heaters. The air-conditioning mode of a heat pump is automatically included for a heat pump on this rate. All the separately metered...

  10. Data:Bb6542e8-dc81-49aa-bcd4-191a55961c48 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    dryers, hot tubs, spas, saunas, or pool heaters. The air-conditioning mode of a heat pump is automatically included for a heat pump on this rate. All the separately metered...

  11. Raw ice nuclei (IN) concentrations measured by the CFDC during RF06 for a descent into a dust layer. Filter periods used to determine the instrument background are shown by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Jeffrey

    Myrelis D Martinez, Ingrid Venero, Olga Mayol University of Puerto Rico Karin Ardon-Dryer, Zev Levin Tel analysis software (shown right). Up to four substrates were collected for each flight from the ambient

  12. Padding with Compressed Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beals, C.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We commonly find plants using padding to transport liquids or light solids short distances from tankers into storage tanks. Padding can wreck havoc in compressed air systems with limited storage, undersized cleanup equipment (dryers and filters...

  13. Energy Management and Computers in the Pulp and Paper Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommerfeld, J. T.; Hartley, E. M.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dryer hood waste heat. o Biomass feedstocks for the production of specialized chemial products. o Crossing of the stone groundwood process with the thermomechanical pulping process. 236 ESL-IE-81-04-42 Proceedings from the Third Industrial Energy...

  14. acai pulp euterpe: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paper Industry Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: dryer hood waste heat. o Biomass feedstocks for the production of specialized chemial products. o Crossing of the stone...

  15. alkaline pulping processes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paper Industry Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: dryer hood waste heat. o Biomass feedstocks for the production of specialized chemial products. o Crossing of the stone...

  16. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CE:O;TER NFPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    CE:O;TER NFPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT:Snohomish County PROJ ECT TITLE: Biodiesel Crusher and Dryer Facility Upgrades Page 1 of2 STATE: WA Funding Opportunity Announcement Number...

  17. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -efficient Dryers Heat Pump Water Heaters Dual Purpose Ductless Heat Pumps Ductless Heat Pumps Advanced Heat Pump Water Heaters Residential New Construction/ Next Step Site-Built Homes Efficient Manufactured Homes #12

  18. Instructions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    they have a test version ready, they can bring it up for a wind test. Blast it with the hair dryer and count how many turns it makes in 30 seconds. Or, see if it can turn with...

  19. Abstract-In this paper we evaluate the energy and economic consequences of appliance remanufacturing relative to purchasing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutowski, Timothy

    Abstract- In this paper we evaluate the energy and economic consequences of appliance that economic incentives can be an influential driver for consumers to remanufacture and re-use old appliances washer. There is considerable amount of literature regarding policy, economics, and efficiency impacts

  20. A MultiAgent System for Intelligent Environment Control \\Lambda Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaoqin

    .S. Government. #12; Figure 1: IHome Agents in Action 2 #12; includes agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, CoffeeMaker, Heater, A/C, DishWasher, etc., and a robot for fetching items and moving physical goods from actions based on the occupant's preferences and the availability of resources. For example, if hot water

  1. A Multi-Agent System for Intelligent Environment Control Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    : IHome Agents in Action 2 #12;includes agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, Co eeMaker, Heater, A's preferences and the availability of resources. For example, if hot water is scarce, the DishWasher agent may elect to wait until hot water becomes available. Agents coordinate over shared resources like noise

  2. The Intelligent Home Testbed \\Lambda Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    . The IHome pop­ ulation set includes agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, Cof­ feeMaker, Heater, A/C, Dish and the availability of resources. For example, if hot water is scarce, the DishWasher agent may elect to run a cold hot water becomes available. Agents coordinate over shared resources like noise, electricity

  3. Does Future Home Networking Look Blue? David Cypher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & sensors ­ Not-so obvious · door bell · clocks · garage door · lights · heating & air conditioning · washer · Centralize control (remote control) · Sharing data · New services or functions #12;What devices to connect. to Personal Computer · PC to PC · Televisions to remote or signal receiver (i.e antenna, cable, satellite

  4. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION THROUGH ELECTROLYSIS Robert J. Friedland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with traditional spring washer approaches. 1 Proceedings of the 2002 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review NREL/CP-610 the end of the Phase I program in December of 1999. A description of the technical performance efforts and market evaluation showed that a hydr

  5. 40781Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 144 / Wednesday, July 28, 1999 / Rules and Regulations or Canada only if it has a good faith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for each carline on a model year basis, before the beginning of each model year. The manufacturer need only, screws, pins, braces, gasoline, oil, blackout, phosphate rinse, windshield washer fluid, fasteners, tire, and the fair market value of each individual part produced at the plant. The assembly and labor costs incurred

  6. Comparison of Slender Dowel-Type Fasteners for Slotted-in Steel Plate Connections under Monotonic and Cyclic Loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with threads, nuts and washers on either end, and c) two types of a new commercially available self-drilling on the monotonic and cyclic behavior of dowel-type fasteners, b) compare a new type of fastener, the self- drilling Materials and Wood Technology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA mail@alexschreyer.de Mr

  7. China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    water heaters to heat pump water heaters with energy factorheat pumps with greater efficiency 40% more efficient cooling technologies more efficient lighting more efficient water heatersheat pumps, boilers 100% OLED TVs, 0.1W standby, more efficient AC, refrigerator, washers More efficient gas water heater

  8. Tensiometer with removable wick

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gee, G.W.; Campbell, M.D.

    1992-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to improvements in tensiometers for measuring soil water tension comprising a rod shaped wick. The rod shaped wick is a shoestring, rolled paper towel, rolled glass microfiber filter, or solid ceramic. The rod shaped wick is secured to the tensiometer by a cone washer and a threaded fitting. 2 figs.

  9. Steam atmosphere drying concepts using steam exhaust recompression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiBella, F.A. (TECOGEN, Inc., Waltham, MA (United States))

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the US industrial drying accounts for approximately 1.5 quads of energy use per year. Annual industrial dryer expenditures are estimated to be in the $500 million range. Industrial drying is a significant energy and monetary expense. For the thermal drying processes in which water is removed via evaporation from the feedstock, attempts have been made to reduce the consumption of energy using exhaust waste heat recovery techniques, improved dryer designs, or even the deployment of advanced mechanical dewatering techniques. Despite these efforts, it is obvious that a large amount of thermal energy is often still lost if the latent heat of evaporation from the evaporated water cannot be recovered and/or in some way be utilized as direct heat input into the dryer. Tecogen Inc. is conducting research and development on an industrial drying concept. That utilizes a directly or indirectly superheated steam cycle atmosphere with exhaust steam recompression to recover the latent heat in the exhaust that would otherwise be lost. This approach has the potential to save 55 percent of the energy required by a conventional air dryer. Other advantages to the industrial dryer user include: A 35-percent reduction in the yearly cost per kg[sub evap] to dry wet feedstock, Reduced airborne emissions, Reduced dry dust fire/explosion risks, Hot product not exposed to oxygen thus, the product quality is enhanced, Constant rate drying in steam atmosphere, Reduced dryer size and cost, Reduced dryer heat losses due to lower dryer inlet temperatures. Tecogen has projected that the steam atmosphere drying system is most suitable as a replacement technology for state-of-the-art spray, flash, and fluidized bed drying systems. Such systems are utilized in the food and kindred products; rubber products; chemical and allied products; stone, clay, and glass; textiles; and pulp and paper industrial sectors.

  10. Steam atmosphere drying concepts using steam exhaust recompression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiBella, F.A. [TECOGEN, Inc., Waltham, MA (United States)

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the US industrial drying accounts for approximately 1.5 quads of energy use per year. Annual industrial dryer expenditures are estimated to be in the $500 million range. Industrial drying is a significant energy and monetary expense. For the thermal drying processes in which water is removed via evaporation from the feedstock, attempts have been made to reduce the consumption of energy using exhaust waste heat recovery techniques, improved dryer designs, or even the deployment of advanced mechanical dewatering techniques. Despite these efforts, it is obvious that a large amount of thermal energy is often still lost if the latent heat of evaporation from the evaporated water cannot be recovered and/or in some way be utilized as direct heat input into the dryer. Tecogen Inc. is conducting research and development on an industrial drying concept. That utilizes a directly or indirectly superheated steam cycle atmosphere with exhaust steam recompression to recover the latent heat in the exhaust that would otherwise be lost. This approach has the potential to save 55 percent of the energy required by a conventional air dryer. Other advantages to the industrial dryer user include: A 35-percent reduction in the yearly cost per kg{sub evap} to dry wet feedstock, Reduced airborne emissions, Reduced dry dust fire/explosion risks, Hot product not exposed to oxygen thus, the product quality is enhanced, Constant rate drying in steam atmosphere, Reduced dryer size and cost, Reduced dryer heat losses due to lower dryer inlet temperatures. Tecogen has projected that the steam atmosphere drying system is most suitable as a replacement technology for state-of-the-art spray, flash, and fluidized bed drying systems. Such systems are utilized in the food and kindred products; rubber products; chemical and allied products; stone, clay, and glass; textiles; and pulp and paper industrial sectors.

  11. Volunteer Agreement Form Instructions The University carries insurance to cover medical expenses related to injuries that occur during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrington, Emily

    /vapor masks, welders gear; - does NOT include jobs requiring: items meant only to protect clothing (e.g. aprons, lab coats), clean-room clothing, or items commonly used in lab classrooms, such as eye protection

  12. Demographics and industry returns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollet, Joshua A.; DellaVigna, Stefano

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Industry category Child care Children’s books Children’s clothing Toysindustry Child care Children’s books Children’s clothing ToysIndustries are associated with high demand by children (child care, toys) and

  13. Testing and characterization of carbon nanotubes as strain sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Juan D

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential of using carbon nanotube coated flexible cloth as strain gauges was studied. Samples were prepared by sonicating strips of cloth inside a 1mg/ml carbon nanotube in propylene carbonate solution. A dynamic ...

  14. Non-contact biopotential sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chi, Yu Mike

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hot air surface leveled (HASL) PCB finish, silver cloth,electrodes for BSNs. The HASL PCB finish and solder mask areAg/AgCl electrode, cotton, HASL, latex, silver cloth, and

  15. University of BonnUniversity of Bonn Computer Graphics GroupComputer Graphics Group BTF Acquisition & RenderingBTF Acquisition & RenderingBTF Acquisition & Rendering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckmiller, Rolf

    University of BonnUniversity of Bonn Computer Graphics GroupComputer Graphics Group BTF AcquisitionRalf Sarlette Mirko SattlerMirko Sattler University of BonnUniversity of Bonn Computer Graphics GroupComputer Graphics Group How to Illuminate cloth?HowHow toto Illuminate clothIlluminate cloth?? People recognize

  16. Background: Most seismometers detect ground motion using a mass that is suspended in some fashion by a spring. When the ground moves the seismometer's frame also moves. The mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith-Konter, Bridget

    the applications of a seismometer. Your Supplies: · Wood block · 1 -- 5" x 1/4" Eyebolt · 1 -- 6in 1/2" PVC pipe · 1 ­ 3" Eyebolt · 2 -- 1ft 1/2" PVC pipe · 2 -- 3/8" washers · 2 -- 1/2" PVC 'Elbow' joints · 2 -- 1 PVC pipes in each opening of the T-junction PVC joints that are already screwed into the wood base. 3

  17. Rotordynamic force coefficients of pocket damper seals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ertas, Bugra Han

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Back Cap) Lubrication and Cooling Air Piston Cylinder Piston Pressurized Air (115 psi) Pedestal Misaligned Slave Bearing Carrier Slave Bearing Lock Washer Tie Bolt Teflon Ring Seals Spacer Damper Seal Housing Pocket Damper Seal O-Ring Seal Figure 6... by providing engineers with experimental results of PDS that are applicable to the operating conditions observed in the industry. Therefore, unlike previous tests conducted on PDS, the present tests are performed at high inlet pressures (1,000 psi), adequate...

  18. Recent cytheracean ostracodes from McMurdo Sound and the Ross Sea, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, R. H.

    1964-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    , shells, and carapaces was excellent, allowing many features of the ostracodes to be studied that are not visible in many fossil forms. There was little evidence of agitation of the waters overlying the bot- tom. The spicules and bryozoan pieces exhibited... diaphragm held on by a friction cap. The diaphragm consisted of a standard machine washer oxidized with a blow torch. The specimens were stained with silver nitrate, heated to oxidize the silver, immersed in glycerol, and lighted with three standard...

  19. Hot water bitumen extraction process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rendall, J.S.

    1989-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent describes a method of extracting bitumen oils from tar-sands ore. It includes an initial conditioning step comprising crushing tar-sands ore to yield solid particles of a maximum size required by a log washer conditioner in a second conditioning step; a bitumen extraction step; a bitumen separation step; a solvent recovery step; a sand washing and water clarification step; and a sand solvent recovery step.

  20. Solar energy for wood drying using direct or indirect collection with supplemental heating: a computer analysis. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tschernitz, J.L.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to judge solar drying on a more quantitative basis, the Forest Products Laboratory has developed a computer analysis for calculating the energy demands in the restricted cases of direct and indirect solar wood dryers using supplemental energy. Calculated energy balances are reported including percent fuel savings compared to the net energy used in conventional dryer operation. Six dryer sizes are considered. Seasonal variation of performance is noted for each of 12 months, in 96 locations throughout the United States. Also discussed is variation of cover thermal properties as these influence the effectiveness of operation. The report attempts to organize these economic elements so that the reader can make reasonable choices for any wood-drying requirements.

  1. Case history studies of energy conservation improvements in the dairy industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Presented are ten case histories about energy-efficient technologies implemented by the dairy industry. For each case is presented: the name and location of the company, and its product line; energy consumption and costs at the plant before and after implementation of energy-conserving technology; the factors that prompted the investment; and product quality as a result of the new equipment. The measures presented are: refrigeration compressor replacement, turbulators in boiler tubes, stack exchange on boilers, reverse osmosis, six-effect evaporator, multi-effect evaporator with thermal vapor recompressor, spray dryer heat recovery, efficient compressor operations, mechanical vapor recompression evaporator, preheated spray dryer air with recoverable waste heat. (LEW)

  2. Transactive Control and Coordination of Distributed Assets for Ancillary Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, Krishnappa; Fuller, Jason C.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Somani, Abhishek; Pratt, Robert G.; Widergren, Steven E.; Chassin, David P.

    2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The need to diversify energy supplies, the need to mitigate energy-related environmental impact, and the entry of electric vehicles in large numbers present challenges and opportunities to power system professionals. Wind and solar power provide many benefits, and to reap the benefits the resulting increased variability—forecasted as well as unforecasted—should be addressed. Demand resources are receiving increasing attention as one means of providing the grid balancing services. Control and coordination of a large number (~millions) of distributed smart grid assets requires innovative approaches. One such is transactive control and coordination (TC2)—a distributed, agent-based incentive and control system. The TC2 paradigm is to create a market system with the following characteristics: • Participation should be entirely voluntary. • The participant decides at what price s/he is willing to participate. • The bids and responses are automated. Such an approach has been developed and demonstrated by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for energy markets. It is the purpose of this project to develop a similar approach for ancillary services. In this report, the following ancillary services are considered: • spinning reserve • ramping • regulation. These services are to be provided by the following devices: • refrigerators • water heaters • clothes dryers • variable speed drives. The important results are summarized below: The regulation signal can be divided into an energy-neutral high frequency component and a low frequency component. The high frequency component is particularly well suited for demand resources. The low frequency component, which carries energy non-neutrality, can be handled by a combination of generators and demand resources. An explicit method for such a separation is obtained from an exponentially weighted moving average filter. Causal filters (i.e., filters that process only present and past values of a signal) introduce delays that can be issues in some signal processing applications that treat the high frequency part as a noise to be eliminated. For regulation, the high frequency component is an essential part of the signal. The delay in the low frequency component is not a problem. A stochastic self-dispatch algorithm determines the response of the devices to the regulation signal. • In an ensemble of devices under normal operation, some devices turn on and some turn off in any time interval. Demand response necessitates turning off devices that would normally be on, or turning on devices that would normally be off. Over time, some of these would have turned off on their own. A formalism to determine expectation values under a combination of natural and forced attrition has been developed. This formalism provides a mechanism for accomplishing a desired power profile within a bid period. In particular, a method to minimize regulation requirement can be developed. The formulation provides valuable insights into control. • Some ancillary services—ramping to absorb unforecasted increase in renewable generation, and regulation down—require the demand resources to increase their energy use. Some resources such as HVAC systems can do this readily, whereas some others require enabling technology. Even without such technology, it is possible to arrange refrigerators and water heaters to have an energy debt and be ready to increase their energy use. A transactive bid mechanism of revolving debt can be developed for this purpose. Dramatic changes in control systems, architecture and markets are expected in the electrical grid. The technical capabilities of a large number of devices interacting with the grid are changing. While it is too early to describe complete solutions, TC2 has attractive features suitable for adapting to the changes. The analyses in this report and the activities planned for FY 14 and beyond are designed to facilitate this transition.

  3. Low-Risk and Cost-Effective Prior Savings Estimates for Large-Scale Energy Conservation Projects in Housing: Learning from the Fort Polk GHP Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shonder, John A [ORNL; Hughes, Patrick [ORNL; Thornton, Jeff W. [Thermal Energy Systems Specialists, Inc.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many opportunities exist for large-scale energy conservation projects in housing: military housing, federally-subsidized low-income housing, and planned communities (condominiums, townhomes, senior centers) to name a few. Energy savings performance contracting (ESPC) is now receiving greater attention, as a means to implement such projects. This paper proposes an improved method for prior (to construction) savings estimates for these projects. More accurate prior estimates reduce project risk, decrease financing costs, and help avoid post-construction legal disputes over performance contract baseline adjustments. The proposed approach to prior estimates is verified against data from Fort Polk, LA. In the course of evaluating the ESPC at Fort Polk, Louisiana, we have collected energy use data - both at the electrical feeder level and at the level of individual residences - which allowed us to develop calibrated engineering models which accurately predict pre-retrofit energy consumption. We believe that such calibrated models could be used to provide much more accurate estimates of energy savings in retrofit projects, particularly in cases where the energy consumption of large populations of housing can be captured on one or a few meters. The improved savings estimating approach described here is based on an engineering model calibrated to field-collected data from the pre-retrofit period. A dynamic model of pre-retrofit energy use was developed for all housing and non-housing loads on a complete electrical feeder at Fort Polk. The feeder serves 46 buildings containing a total of 200 individual apartments. Of the 46 buildings, there are three unique types, and among these types the only difference is compass orientation. The model included the heat transfer characteristics of the buildings, the pre-retrofit air source heat pump, a hot water consumption model and a profile for electrical use by lights and other appliances. Energy consumption for all 200 apartments was totaled, and by adjusting thermostat setpoints and outdoor air infiltration parameters, the models were matched to field-collected energy consumption data for the entire feeder. The energy conservation measures were then implemented in the calibrated model: the air source heat pumps were replaced by geothermal heat pumps (GHPs) with desuperheaters; hot water loads were reduced to account for the low-flow shower heads; and lighting loads were reduced to account for fixture delamping and replacement with compact fluorescent lights (CFLs). Our analysis of pre- and post-retrofit data (Shonder and Hughes, 1997) indicates that the retrofits have saved 30.3% of pre-retrofit electrical energy consumption on the feeder modeled in this paper. Using the method outlined, we have been able to predict this savings within 0.1% of its measured value, using only pre-construction energy consumption data, and data from one pilot test site. It is well-known that predictions of savings from energy conservation programs are often optimistic, especially in the case of residential retrofits. Fels and keating (1993) cite several examples of programs which achieved as little as 20% of the predicted energy savings. Factors which influence the sometimes large discrepancies between actual and predicted savings include changes in occupancy, take-back effects (in which more efficient system operation leads occupants to choose higher levels of comfort), and changes in base energy use (e.g. through purchase of additional appliances such as washing machines and clothes dryers). An even larger factor, perhaps, is the inaccuracy inherent in the engineering models (BLAST, DOE-2, etc.) commonly used to estimate building energy consumption, if these models are not first calibrated to site-monitored data. For example, prior estimates of base-wide savings from the Fort Polk ESPC were on the order of 40% of pre-retrofit electrical use; our analysis has shown the true savings for the entire project (which includes 16 separate electrical feeders) to be about 32%. It should be noted that the retrofits ca

  4. Final Technical Report for Phase I Award DE-SC0003559

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blair, Jeff L.; Glenn, Lee J.

    2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Smart Grid opens the door to the development of many companion technologies which will in turn enable the development of a variety of devices for household electricity-consuming appliances that can communicate with it; especially, many major appliance manufacturers (such as Whirlpool and General Electric) have made public commitments to design their appliances to be Smart Grid-compatible over the next several years. Yet during that same time period, customers will purchase many millions of long-lasting appliances which are not compatible with the Smart Grid. This research project's purpose is to bring significant Smart Grid compatibility to previously-installed appliances that were not specifically designed for any Smart Grid communications, in a way that is both economical and attractive for users who want to share in the energy cost savings and reduction of peak power demand opportunities provided by the evolving Smart Grid infrastructure. The focus of this effort is to identify and research smart control solutions which take advantage of the effective strategies of demand-response (DR) communications from utilities [including time-of-day (TOD) and peak-demand pricing options] and function apart from any need for operational changes to be designed into the non-smart appliances. Our Phase I concepts promote technological advancements for enabling devices that shift the available-use time of millions of different appliances which otherwise have no Smart Grid capability. We researched low-cost microcontroller-based ways of creating devices with the ability to: (1) maintain an accurate time and day (with no need for battery backup throughout a power outage); (2) perform two-way wired and wireless communications directly with the utility company's demand management signals, to identify both low-cost time periods as well as critical-reduction periods when the cost of energy use would otherwise be much higher; (3) measure the power usage of the connected non-smart appliance; and (4) remove power for a period of time from the appliance (such as a dehumidifier, portable heater, or pool pump) in response to both time-pricing schedule and critical peak-load information from the utility, or inform the user of a batch-type appliance (such as a clothes dryer or dishwasher) regarding the current cost associated with using the appliance. The new products that could be developed as a result of this research into new consumer-centric features and characteristics includes smart wall outlets, smart outlet power-monitoring adapters, smart load switches and smart remote electric rate indicators associated with the non-smart appliances. Our Phase I goal of determining the feasibility of the above technologies was successful. The objectives were also met of developing concepts for a family of microprocessor-based control/indicator devices that can provide the above capabilities while connected in series between an appliance and its electrical power source and/or while indicating cost-of-use status to the appliance user.

  5. Microsoft Word - GSA Schedule 84 ESPC Program Contact Info.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ESPC program falls under Schedule 84 - Law Enforcement, Security, Facilities Management, Fire, Rescue, Clothing, Marine Craft and EmergencyDisaster, Special Item Number (SIN)...

  6. Tools for measuring surface cleanliness

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schroder, Mark Stewart (Hendersonville, NC); Woodmansee, Donald Ernest (Simpsonville, SC); Beadie, Douglas Frank (Greenville, SC)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A procedure and tools for quantifying surface cleanliness are described. Cleanliness of a target surface is quantified by wiping a prescribed area of the surface with a flexible, bright white cloth swatch, preferably mounted on a special tool. The cloth picks up a substantial amount of any particulate surface contamination. The amount of contamination is determined by measuring the reflectivity loss of the cloth before and after wiping on the contaminated system and comparing that loss to a previous calibration with similar contamination. In the alternative, a visual comparison of the contaminated cloth to a contamination key provides an indication of the surface cleanliness.

  7. DOE/LX/07-0090&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-335-03 Solid Waste...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    stored included capacitors and drums of asbestos-containing material, such as transite, block insulation, cloth, etc. The low-level waste formerly stored included numerous DOE...

  8. COLLEGE OF SCIENCE Nanoscience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    - consumer electronics, personal care products, clothing, and even solar panels. Nanoscience lies of profound theo- retical insights, advances in scientific in- strumentation, and massive computing power, we

  9. Green Grades: The Popularity and Perceived Effectiveness of Information-Based Environmental Governance Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullock, Graham Daniel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Successfully Marketing Green Clothes. ? Business Strategy2010. ?National Top 50, Green Power Partnership. ? http://Consumer Reports. 2005. ?Green Attitudes Survey?. March.

  10. animal models relevant: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . A pseudo-colored hollow cloth bowl with three pinned vertices is simulated collapsing under the force...

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    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . A pseudo-colored hollow cloth bowl with three pinned vertices is simulated collapsing under the force...

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    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . A pseudo-colored hollow cloth bowl with three pinned vertices is simulated collapsing under the force...

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    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . A pseudo-colored hollow cloth bowl with three pinned vertices is simulated collapsing under the force...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . A pseudo-colored hollow cloth bowl with three pinned vertices is simulated collapsing under the force...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . A pseudo-colored hollow cloth bowl with three pinned vertices is simulated collapsing under the force...

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    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . A pseudo-colored hollow cloth bowl with three pinned vertices is simulated collapsing under the force...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . A pseudo-colored hollow cloth bowl with three pinned vertices is simulated collapsing under the force...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: . A pseudo-colored hollow cloth bowl with three pinned vertices is simulated collapsing under the force...