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1

Nuclear Maintenance Application Center: Dry Type Transformer and Reactor Application and Maintenance Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is focused on dry-type transformers used in unit secondary substations of nuclear power plants for power delivery purposes. This report does not cover instrument transformers, nor is it specifically for transformers used in grounding circuits, although these usages are addressed in Section 3.The primary purpose of this report is to inform the engineer or technician who has been assigned responsibility for secondary unit substation transformers in a nuclear station’s ...

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

2

Energy-Efficient Dry-Type Distribution Transformers: New Opportunities to Cut Energy Bills and Lock-in Long-Term Energy Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearly 90% of the electricity that powers the industrial sector flows through dry-type distribution transformers. These transformers are very efficient- most convert in excess of 95% of input power to output power. However, because transformers are generally energized 24 hours per day, 365 days per year, even small efficiency improvements can yield big energy and dollar savings for power users. Until now, energy-efficient dry-type transformers have been hard to identify. As a result, most users either have failed to specify efficiency at all or relied on the imperfect indicator of low temperature rise. Most manufactures have not offered an "energy-efficient" product line. Now, the National Electrical Manufacturers' Association (NEMA), the transformer manufacturers' trade association, has published a standard defining energy-efficient transformers. This new standard, NEMA standard TP-1, makes it easier for vendors, specifiers, contractors and end-users to identify and determine the cost-effectiveness of energy-efficient transformers. In addition, some manufacturers are beginning to offer equipment lines specifically designed to meet the energy efficiency levels defined in NEMA standard TP-1.

deLaski, A.; Suozzo, M.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

LabVIEW with fuzzy logic controller simulation panel for condition monitoring of oil and dry type transformer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—Condition monitoring of electrical power equipment has attracted considerable attention for many years. The aim of this paper is to use Labview with Fuzzy Logic controller to build a simulation system to diagnose transformer faults and monitor its condition. The front panel of the system was designed using LabVIEW to enable computer to act as customer-designed instrument. The dissolved gas-in-oil analysis (DGA) method was used as technique for oil type transformer diagnosis; meanwhile terminal voltages and currents analysis method was used for dry type transformer. Fuzzy Logic was used as expert system that assesses all information keyed in at the front panel to diagnose and predict the condition of the transformer. The outcome of the Fuzzy Logic interpretation will be displayed at front panel of LabVIEW to show the user the conditions of the transformer at any time. Keywords—LabVIEW, Fuzzy Logic, condition monitoring, oil transformer, dry transformer, DGA, terminal values.

N. A. Muhamad; S. A. M. Ali

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Electrokinetic Effects in Power Transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrokinetic effects such as static electrification can cause catastrophic failures in large forced-oil-cooled power transformers. The development of a network-based theoretical model provides a critical perspective not apparent from previous small-scale laboratory experiments.

1999-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

5

Electrokinetic effects in power transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrokinetic effects such as static electrification can cause catastrophic failures in large forced-oil-cooled power transformers. Experimental and analytical studies confirm that surface charges can significantly impact dielectric integrity. The project team used a closed-loop oil circulation system and full-scale models of power transformer cooling duct structures to conduct controlled experiments. They measured charge density in the oil-resulting from flow through these structures-as a function of flow rate, temperature, ac voltage stress, moisture, and duct types. In addition, they constructed models so that the spatial distribution of electrostatically induced currents and stresses could be determined. They developed a finite-element computer program to study the complex voltage distribution in the models and in two transformer winding examples. A special test cell was used to examine the impact of surface charge on creep strength of transformer pressboard. Static electrification in power transformer duct structures is aggravated by flow rate, temperature, presence of collars, and ac energization; and it is mitigated by increasing oil moisture content. Shell-form model structures exhibit more charge generation than disk-type core-form winding ducts under corresponding conditions. Partial discharges were detected in one shell-form model but only under the worst conditions. These discharges were not energetic enough to produce visible damage. Preliminary finite-element analysis indicates that surface charge has more impact on cumulative stress in a shell-form geometry than in a core-form disk winding.

Nelson, J.K.; Lee, M.J.; Salon, S.J. (Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Dept. of Electric Power Engineering)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Electrokinetic effects in power transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior of dielectric fluids used for the cooling and insulation of power system equipment is significantly influenced by motion enforced by the action of circulating pumps. Not only can charges generated by streaming electrification accumulate to distort the electric field in positions where dielectric integrity is prejudiced, but the dielectric strength of the fluid is also altered per se by the actions of the flow in a complex, but predictable manner. Three important electrokinetic effects in transformer oil subjected to forced circulation are experimentally investigated using laboratory model ducts. Careful breakdown measurements with sustained voltage on flowing fluids have been extended to pulse voltages with a view to establishing the nature of time dependencies. The use of Schlieren optics on the duct has also demonstrated that flow patterns are modified by the imposition of electric fields through electrohydrodynamic (EHD) effects. Present model studies invite speculation that not only streaming electrification but also forced circulation per se may prejudice dielectric structure in power system equipment and these effects need to be understood to permit informed design and safe operation. These models are discussed in this paper. 122 refs., 82 figs., 10 tabs.

Nelson, J.K.; Lee, M.J. (Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (USA). Dept. of Electric Power Engineering)

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

TRANSFORMATION  

SciTech Connect

Transformation, which alters the genetic makeup of an individual, is a concept that intrigues the human imagination. In Streptococcus pneumoniae such transformation was first demonstrated. Perhaps our fascination with genetics derived from our ancestors observing their own progeny, with its retention and assortment of parental traits, but such interest must have been accelerated after the dawn of agriculture. It was in pea plants that Gregor Mendel in the late 1800s examined inherited traits and found them to be determined by physical elements, or genes, passed from parents to progeny. In our day, the material basis of these genetic determinants was revealed to be DNA by the lowly bacteria, in particular, the pneumococcus. For this species, transformation by free DNA is a sexual process that enables cells to sport new combinations of genes and traits. Genetic transformation of the type found in S. pneumoniae occurs naturally in many species of bacteria (70), but, initially only a few other transformable species were found, namely, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitides, Neisseria gonorrheae, and Bacillus subtilis (96). Natural transformation, which requires a set of genes evolved for the purpose, contrasts with artificial transformation, which is accomplished by shocking cells either electrically, as in electroporation, or by ionic and temperature shifts. Although such artificial treatments can introduce very small amounts of DNA into virtually any type of cell, the amounts introduced by natural transformation are a million-fold greater, and S. pneumoniae can take up as much as 10% of its cellular DNA content (40).

LACKS,S.A.

2003-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

8

TRANSFORMER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Transformers of a type adapted for use with extreme high power vacuum tubes where current requirements may be of the order of 2,000 to 200,000 amperes are described. The transformer casing has the form of a re-entrant section being extended through an opening in one end of the cylinder to form a coaxial terminal arrangement. A toroidal multi-turn primary winding is disposed within the casing in coaxial relationship therein. In a second embodiment, means are provided for forming the casing as a multi-turn secondary. The transformer is characterized by minimized resistance heating, minimized external magnetic flux, and an economical construction.

Baker, W.R.

1959-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

9

Investigation into the effect of transformer oil on polymers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several thermoplastics and an epoxy were exposed to a variety of conditions to determine the effect of chemical environment on the materials. Weight gain measurements of the samples were made after exposure to low humidity, ambient air, 90 C air, ambient transformer oil, and 90 C transformer oil. Two materials that performed well in these tests were polyetherimide (Ultem) and amine cured bisphenol-A epoxy. It was found that Noryl, a thermoplastic combination of high impact polystyrene and polyphenyleneoxide, was unsuitable for use in transformer oil, as it suffered substantial physical degradation. Polystyrene and high impact polystyrene (rubber modified polystyrene) performed poorly in both ambient and 90{degree} transformer oil tests, with the rubber modified material exhibiting a much greater weight gain. Both high and low density polyethylene also showed large weight gains in hot transformer oil.

Frost, N.E.; McGrath, P.B. [Clarkson Univ., Potsdam, NY (United States); Burns, C.W. [Niagara Mohawk Power Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Plant Engineering: Medium-Voltage Transformer End of Expected Life Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide guidance to nuclear plant personnel in the determination of the point in life of medium-voltage liquid-immersed and dry-type transformers when long-term planning or contingency planning for the replacement or refurbishment is desirable to preclude end-of-life failure or when preventive maintenance is no longer cost-effective. This report provides recommendations based on historical industry data and subject matter expert (SME) ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

11

Phase Transformation and Lithiation Effect on Electronic Structure of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phase Transformation and Lithiation Effect on Electronic Structure of Phase Transformation and Lithiation Effect on Electronic Structure of LixFePO4: An In-Depth Study by Soft X-ray and Simulations Title Phase Transformation and Lithiation Effect on Electronic Structure of LixFePO4: An In-Depth Study by Soft X-ray and Simulations Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Liu, Xiaosong, Jun Liu, Ruimin Qiao, Yan Yu, Hong Li, Liumin Suo, Yong-sheng Hu, Yi-De Chuang, Guojiun Shu, Fangcheng Chou, Tsu-Chien Weng, Dennis Nordlund, Dimosthenis Sokaras, Yung Jui Wang, Hsin Lin, Bernardo Barbiellini, Arun Bansil, Xiangyun Song, Zhi Liu, Shishen Yan, Gao Liu, Shan Qiao, Thomas J. Richardson, David Prendergast, Zahid Hussain, Frank M. F. de Groot, and Wanli Yang Journal Journal of the American Chemical Society

12

Effects of phase transformation of steam-water relative permeabilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A combined theoretical and experimental study of steam-water relative permeabilities (RPs) was carried out. First, an experimental study of two-phase concurrent flow of steam and water was conducted and a set of RP curves was obtained. These curves were compared with semi-empirical and experimental results obtained by other investigators for two-phase, two-component flow (oil/gas; gas/water; gas/oil). It was found that while the wetting phase RPs were in good agreement, RPs for the steam phase were considerably higher than the non-wetting phase RPs in two-component systems. This enhancement of steam RP is attributed to phase transformation effects at the pore level in flow channels. The effects of phase transformation were studied theoretically. This study indicates that there are two separate mechanisms by which phase transformation affects RP curves: (1) Phase transformation is converging-diverging flow channels can cause an enhancement of steam phase RP. In a channel dominated by steam a fraction of the flowing steam condenses upstream from the constriction, depositing its latent heat of condensation. This heat is conducted through the solid grains around the pore throat, and evaporation takes place downstream from it. Therefore, for a given bulk flow quality; a smaller fraction of steam actually flows through the throat segments. This pore-level effect manifests itself as relative permeability enhancement on a macroscopic level; and (2) phase transformation along the interface of a stagnant phase and the phase flowing around it controls the irreducible phase saturation. Therefore, the irreducible phase saturation in steam-water flow will depend, among other factors, on the boundary conditions of the flow.

Verma, A.K.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Scripta Materialia 52 (2004) 461-466 Effect of 30 Tesla Magnetic Field on Transformations in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scripta Materialia 52 (2004) 461-466 Effect of 30 Tesla Magnetic Field on Transformations transforms to ferrite. Thus, a 30 Tesla magnetic field can raise transformation temperatures by ~90°C during

Cambridge, University of

14

Some properties of multi-qubit systems under effect of the Lorentz transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of Lorentz transformation on some properties of multi-qubit systems is investigated. It is shown that, properties like, the fidelity and entanglement decay as the Wigner's angles increase, but can be improved, if all the transformed particles are transformed with the same Wigner's angles. The upper bounds of the average capacity of the GHZ state increases while it decreases and more robust with the W-state as the Wigner's angle of the observer decreases. Under Lorentz transformation, the tripartite states transform into another equivalent states and hence no change on the efficiency of these states to perform quantum information tasks.

N. Metwally

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

15

Temperature, acetosyringone, virulence genes and wounding effects on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several conditions were evaluated to determine their impact on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation efficiency. Temperature and acetosyringone (AS) effects were first studied in tobacco, as a plant model system and then applied to cotton transformation. In tobacco, AS significantly increased transformation rates that resulted in stable transformed plants. Four temperatures were evaluated during the cc-cultivation period to determine the most appropriate temperature for T-DNA transfer and integration into the plant genome. Even though 19°C was reported in the literature as the optimal temperature for Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer, 25°C was statistically significantly different as compared to 15°C, 19°C or 32°C and produced the highest number of transgenic tobacco plants. The superior treatments established in tobacco transformation were applied to Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of the cotton shoot apex. Explant survival rates in selection medium were recorded and used to compare two temperatures (19°C and 25°C) and the effects of AS to induce the vir genes. After approximately 6-7 wk in selection medium, the percentage of surviving exhalants established that 25°C was the best temperature for cotton transformation, either with or without AS. Two wounding methods and the addition of a super-virulent plasmid were tested in cotton shoot apex transformation experiments. Their effects were evaluated using the green fluorescent protein (GFP) as an in vivo reporter gene to determine the early transformation patterns. Both removal of a leaf primordial and sanitation were examined. Transient GFP expression did not reveal any major benefit of the treatments on the transformation pattern. In contrast, when additional copies of virG and virE genes were inserted into Agrobacterium, a considerable increase in the number of fluorescence spots per exploit was evident. This was the first time GFP gene was used in cotton. Its expression was reliable, and the system was successfully established. Since GFP has several advantages as a reporter gene over the traditional GUS gene and herbicide resistance genes, it would allow the development of a more accurate selection process and therefore it would speed up the optimization of the shoot apex method.

Salas Fernandez, Maria Guadalupe

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Effect of Phase Transformation on the Fracture Behavior of Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the last few decades, Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) have been increasingly explored in order to take advantage of their unique properties (i.e., pseudoelasticity and shape memory effect), in various actuation, sensing and absorption applications. In order to achieve an effective design of SMA-based devices a thorough investigation of their behavior in the presence of cracks is needed. In particular, it is important to understand the effect of phase transformation on their fracture response. The aim of the present work is to study the effect of stress-induced as well as thermo-mechanically-induced phase transformation on several characteristics of the fracture response of SMAs. The SMA thermomechanical response is modeled through an existing constitutive phenomenological model, developed within the framework of continuum thermodynamics, which has been implemented in a finite element frame-work. The effect of stress-induced phase transformation on the mechanical fields in the vicinity of a stationary crack and on the toughness enhancement associated with crack advance in an SMA subjected to in-plane mode I loading conditions is examined. The small scale transformation assumption is employed in the analysis according to which the size of the region occupied by the transformed material forming close to the crack tip is small compared to any characteristic length of the problem (i.e. the size of the transformation zone is thirty times smaller than the size of the cracked ligament). Given this assumption, displacement boundary conditions, corresponding to the Irwin’s solution for linear elastic fracture mechanics, are applied on a circular region in the austenitic phase that encloses the stress-induced phase transformation zone. The quasi-static stable crack growth is studied by assuming that the crackpropagates at a certain critical level of the crack-tip energy release rate. The Virtual Crack Closure Technique (VCCT) is employed to calculate the energy release rate. Fracture toughness enhancement associated with transformation dissipation is observed and its sensitivity on the variation of key characteristic non-dimensional parameters related to the constitutive response is investigated. Moreover, the effect of the dissipation due plastic deformation on the fracture resistance is analyzed by using a Cohesive Zone Model (CZM). The effect of thermo-mechanically-induced transformation on the driving force for crack growth is analyzed in an infinite center-cracked SMA plate subjected to thermal actuation under isobaric mode I loading. The crack-tip energy release rate is identified as the driving force for crack growth and is measured over the entire thermal cycle by means of the VCCT. A substantial increase of the crack-tip energy release rate – an order of magnitude for some material systems – is observed during actuation as a result of phase transformation, i.e., martensitic transformation occurring during actuation causes anti-shielding that might cause the energy release rate to reach the critical value for crack growth. A strong dependence of the crack-tip energy release rate on the variation of the thermomechanical parameters characterizing the material response is examined. Therefore, it is implied that the actual shape of the strain- temperature curve is important for the quantitative determination of the change of the crack-tip energy release rate during actuation.

Parrinello, Antonino

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Evaluating the Effect of Data-Reuse Transformations on Processor Power Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Processor power savings that can be obtained by the application of data-reuse transformations on multimedia applications are discussed in this paper. Data Transfer and Storage Exploration methodologies primarily aim at memory related power reduction by moving data accesses to smaller memories, which are less power costly. However, it is shown that the applied code transformations have also a significant effect on the processor power consumption. Physical measurements of the average current drawn by instruction sequences provide a way to evaluate the processor power consumption of alternative code implementations. Simulation results prove that code transformations based on memory hierarchy exploration can have a significantly larger impact on power than existing software energy optimizing methodologies. 1

Alexander Chatzigeorgiou; Er Chatzigeorgiou; Stamatiki Kougia; Spiridon Nikolaidis

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Transformation of 2-line ferrihydrite and its effect on arsenic adsorption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although the impacts of foreign species on aqueous transformations and arsenic adsorption by 2-line ferrihydrite (FH2) have been extensively studied, much less is known about the impact of transformation inhibitors on solid-state transformation of FH2 and arsenic adsorption. In this study, the influence of inhibitors (Si(IV), Mg(II), Al(III), Ti(IV), and Ci(citrate)), aging time, and heat treatment on FH2 transformation and arsenic adsorption was investigated. The FH2s were synthesized by mixing Fe(III) salts with an inhibitor at pH 7.5 and air drying for 2 d. With increases in Al/Fe molar ratio, FH2, poorly crystalline Al hydroxide, gibbsite, and bayerite were formed in the FH2-Al series, whereas FH2 was formed in the other FH2s. Heat treatment had a more considerable impact on the transformation, structure, and PZC of FH2 than aging at RT for 235 d. Upon heating the FH2s at 360 oC, most of the amorphous Fe oxide was transformed into hematite, whereas Si and Al had stronger retarding effects on transformation than the other inhibitors. Hematite and FH2 were identified with increases in Si/Fe molar ratio, whereas with increasing Al/Fe molar ratio, FH2 remained, gibbsite and bayerite were decomposed, and boehmite appeared as a trace component. However, the effect of Si was much more pronounced than that of Al in retarding the transformation. The adsorption density for As(III) on the FH2s (at pH 7) decreased in the order: FH2-Mg-2 > FH2 > FH2-Al-1, whereas As(V) followed the order: FH2-Al-1 > FH2-Mg-2 > FH2. Compared to aging at RT for 235 d, heat treatment at 360 oC resulted in significantly reduced arsenic adsorption. The heated FH2 showed a smaller adsorption capacity for arsenic compare to that of the other FH2s. In contrast, the heated FH2-Al and FH2-Si series showed much higher adsorption capacities for As(V) than any other FH2, whereas the heated FH2-Mg series exhibited the largest adsorption capacity of As(III) among the heated FH2s. It is concluded that the use of the FH2-Al, FH2-Mg, or FH2-Si series instead of pure FH2 as filter media in water treatment might achieve more efficient arsenic removal and enhance arsenic retention at waste-disposal sites.

Her, Namryong

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

PPL: distribution transformer | The Better Buildings Alliance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plug & Process Loads » Install a Plug & Process Loads » Install a distribution transformer that will reduce energy use by more than 15% using the distribution transformer specification Activities Technology Solutions Teams Lighting & Electrical Space Conditioning Plug & Process Loads Food Service Refrigeration Laboratories Energy Management & Information Systems Public Sector Teams Market Solutions Teams Install a distribution transformer that will reduce energy use by more than 15% using the distribution transformer specification The Plug & Process Loads team developed a low-voltage, dry-type distribution transformer specification that outlines energy-related product requirements. Purchasers can use this document to procure high-efficiency, high-quality products from manufacturers. The specification is unique, as

20

Transformation-optics generalization of tunnelling effects in bi-layers made of paired epsilon-negative/mu-negative media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transformation-media designed by standard transformation-optics (TO) approaches, based on real-valued coordinate-mapping, cannot exhibit single-negative (SNG) character unless such character is already possessed by the domain that is being transformed. In this paper, we show that SNG transformation media can be obtained by transforming a domain featuring double positive (or double-negative) character, via complex analytic continuation of the coordinate transformation rules. Moreover, we apply this concept to the TO-based interpretation of phenomena analogous to the tunnelling effects observable in bilayers made of complementary epsilon-negative (ENG) and mu-negative (MNG) media, and explore their possible TO-inspired extensions and generalizations.

Castaldi, Giuseppe; Galdi, Vincenzo; Alu', Andrea; Engheta, Nader

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Code Size Effects of Power Optimizing Code Transformations for Embedded Multimedia Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A systematic methodology has been developed for the reduction of the data transfers and storage related power consumption in realizations of multimedia applications on programmable multimedia processors. The methodology is based on the application of code transformations that move the main part of the memory accesses from the large (off-chip) memories to smaller ones (on-chip). Performance (in number of cycles) which is the overriding constraint for multimedia applications is improved in most cases by the application of the power optimizing code transformations as well. The main focus of this paper is on the effect of these power optimizing code transformations on the code size, an important design parameter that implicitly affects both the total system power consumption and the performance. Experimental results from real-life applications demonstrate that contrary to earlier conjectures, if applied well our methodology introduces only small code size penalties that do not offset the significant gains in both performance and power consumption achieved by its application.

K. Masselos; F. Catthoor; C. E. Goutis; H. Deman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

The Constant Voltage Transformer (CVT) for Mitigating Effects of Voltage Sags on Industrial Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric quality problems associated with power interactions between distribution and industrial process control systems can be prevented. Surveys of large users that buy power at the transmission and distribution voltages turn up relatively few complaints about the quality of their incoming power, while surveys of small users connected at secondary voltages tum up numerous complaints about the quality of their incoming power. Three major changes in the characteristics of customer loads and power distribution systems have altered the nature of the power quality equation: (I) greater sensitivity of devices and equipment to electric power variations, (2) the interconnection of sensitive loads in extensive networks and automated processes, and (3) an increase in loads that use power electronics in some type of power conversion configuration [1][2]. This paper presents applications of the constant-voltage transformer (CVT) for mitigating the effects of electric service voltage sags on industrial equipment in an oil refinery. Unlike conventional transformers, the CVT or ferro-resonant transformer allows the core to become saturated with magnetic flux, which maintains a relatively constant output voltage during input voltage variations such as undervoltages, overvoltages, and harmonic distortion.

Ferraro, R. J.; Osborne, R.; Stephens, R.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Effect of humic constituents on the transformation of chlorinated phenols and anilines in the presence of oxidoreductive enzymes or birnessite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chlorinated phenols and anilines are transformed and detoxified in soil through oxidative coupling reactions mediated by enzymes or metal oxides. The reactions may be influences by humic constituents, such as syringaldehyde or catechol, that originate from lignin decomposition and are also subject to oxidative coupling. In this study, the effect of humic constituents on xenobiotic transformation was evaluated in vitro based on the determination of unreacted chlorophenols and chloroanilines. In experiments with peroxidase, laccase, and birnessite, the transformation of most chlorophenols was considerably enhanced by the addition of syringaldehyde. Less enhancement was observed using 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, and the addition of catechol resulted in a reduction of most transformations. The opposite was observed in experiments with tyrosinase, in which case catechol caused considerable enhancement of chlorophenol transformation. The varying effect of catechol can be explained by different transformation mechanisms involving either o-quinone coupling or free radical coupling. Regardless of the agent used to mediate the reactions, chloroanilines seemed to undergo nucleophilic addition to quinone oligomers, which resulted from coupling of the humic constituents. Catechol, which readily forms quinones and quinone oligomers, was most efficient in enhancing these reactions.

Park, J.W.; Dec, J.; Bollag, J.M. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)); Kim, J.E. (Kyngpook National Univ., Taegu (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Agricultural Chemistry)

1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

Enhancement of steam phase relative permeability due to phase transformation effects in porous media  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study of two-phase concurrent flow of steam and water was conducted and a set of relative permeability curves was obtained. These curves were compared with semi-empirical results and experimental results obtained by other investigators for two-phase, two-component flow (oil/gas; gas/water; gas/oil). It was found that while the wetting phase relative permeabilities were in good agreement, the relative permeability for the steam phase was considerably higher than the relative permeabilities of non-wetting phase (oil/water and non-condensing gas in gas/oil or gas/water) in two-component systems. This enhancement of steam relative permeability is attributed to phase transformation effects at the pore level in flow channels.

Verma, A.; Pruess, K.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Damping Ditch Effect Analysis of Blasting Vibration Based on Wavelet Transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper researched the propagation laws of blasting seismic wave under the action of damping ditch, with the help of blasting vibration test and wavelet transform method. Blasting seismic wave is short-time non-stationary random signal. According ...

Zhiyang Chen; Xiang Fang; Weiping Zhang; Mingshou Zhong

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Effects of Forming Induced Phase Transformation on Crushing Behavior of TRIP Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, results of finite element crash simulation are presented for a TRIP steel side rail with and without considering the phase transformation during forming operations. A homogeneous phase transformation model is adapted to model the mechanical behavior of the austenite-to-martensite phase. The forming process of TRIP steels is simulated with the implementation of the material model. The distribution and volume fraction of the martensite in TRIP steels may be greatly influenced by various factors during forming process and subsequently contribute to the behavior of the formed TRIP steels during the crushing process. The results indicate that, with the forming induced phase transformation, higher energy absorption of the side rail can be achieved. The phase transformation enhances the strength of the side rail

Liu, Wenning N.; Choi, Kyoo Sil; Soulami, Ayoub; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

Effects of physical and geochemical heterogeneities on mineral transformation and biomass accumulation during uranium bioremediation at Rifle, Colorado  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009. Mineral transformation and biomass accumulation duringof mineral precipitates and biomass during bioremediation aton mineral transformation and biomass accumulation during

Li, Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Appell Transformation and Canonical Transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interpretation of the optical Appell transformation, as previously elaborated in relation to the free-space paraxial propagation under both a rectangular and a circular cylindrical symmetry, is reviewed. Then, the caloric Appell transformation, well known in the theory of heat equation, is shown to be amenable for a similar interpretation involving the Laplace transform rather than the Fourier transform, when dealing with the 1D heat equation. Accordingly, when considering the radial heat equation, suitably defined Hankel-type transforms come to be involved in the inherent Appell transformation. The analysis is aimed at outlining the link between the Appell transformation and the canonical transforms.

Torre, Amalia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Riesz transforms for Dunkl transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we obtain the $L^p$-boundedness of Riesz transforms for Dunkl transform for all $1

Amri, Béchir

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Integral transformation and Darboux transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review Darboux-Crum transformation of Heun's differential equation. By rewriting an integral transformation of Heun's differential equation into a form of elliptic functions, we see that the integral representation is a generalization of Darboux-Crum transformation. We also consider conservation of monodromy with respect to the transformations.

Takemura, Kouichi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Effect of the annealing temperature on magnetic property for transformer with amorphous core  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of experimental investigations of annealing elevated, magnetic properties and their application with amorphous SA1 Cores. The phenomenon of two exothermic peaks correlated with the crystallization behavior was examined ... Keywords: amorphous materials, annealing, core loss, curies temperature, exciting power, transformer

Chang-Hung Hsu; Yeong-Hwa Chang

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Testability Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A testability transformation is a source-to-source transformation that aims to improve the ability of a given test generation method to generate test data for the original program. This paper

Mark Harman; Lin Hu; Robert Hierons; Joachim Wegener; Harmen Sthamer; Andre Baresel; Marc Roper

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Market Transformation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market transformation subprogram.

Not Available

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Market Transformation  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This Fuel Cell Technologies Program fact sheet outlines current status and challenges in the market transformation of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

35

Transformation inverse design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new technique for the design of transformation-optics devices based on large-scale optimization to achieve the optimal effective isotropic dielectric materials within prescribed index bounds, which is ...

Liu, David

36

Lightweight transformer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical effort described in this report relates to the program that was performed to design, fabricate, and test a lightweight transformer for Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) mission requirements. The objectives of this program were two-fold: (1) design and fabricate a lightweight transformer using liquid hydrogen as the coolant; and (2) test the completed transformer assembly with a low voltage, dc power source. Although the full power testing with liquid helium was not completed, the program demonstrated the viability of the design approach. The lightweight transformer was designed and fabricated, and low and moderate power testing was completed. The transformer is a liquid hydrogen cooled air core transformer that uses thin copper for its primary and secondary windings. The winding mass was approximately 12 kg, or 0.03 kg/kW. Further refinements of the design to a partial air core transformer could potentially reduce the winding mass to as low as 4 or 5 kg, or 0.0125 kg/kW. No attempt was made on this program to reduce the mass of the related structural components or cryogenic container. 8 refs., 39 figs., 2 tabs.

Swallom, D.W.; Enos, G.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Transformative copy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ability to create an unlimited number of identical copies is a privilege of digital documents. What if that would not be the case, if each copy of a digital file would go along with some sort of transformation? This ...

Offenhuber, Dietmar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Phase Transformation and Microstructural Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... Yunzhi Wang, Ohio State University. Scope, Phase transformation is still one of the most effective and efficient means to produce desired ...

39

Liquid-Gas Relative Permeabilities in Fractures: Effects of Flow Structures, Phase Transformation and Surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SGP-TR-177 Liquid-Gas Relative Permeabilities in Fractures: Effects of Flow Structures, Phase) the liquid-gas relative permeabilities in fractures can be modeled by characterizing the flow structures permeabilities in both smooth and rough fractures. For the theoretical analysis of liquid-vapor relative

Stanford University

40

Substantial Transformation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Recovery Act/Buy American Information Related to Substantial Transformation GUIDANCE ON MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AWARDS Section 1605 of the Recovery Act states, "None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act may be used for a project for the construction, alteration, maintenance, or repair of a public building or public work unless all of the iron, steel, and manufactured goods used in the project are produced in the United States." The Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) guidance on implementing this section defines "manufactured good" as a "good brought to the construction site for incorporation into

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Prediction of residual stresses in high strength carbon steel pipe weld considering solid-state phase transformation effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, prediction of axial and hoop residual stresses produced in high strength carbon steel pipe weld was made by employing a sequentially coupled 3-D thermal, metallurgical and mechanical FE model. Solid-state phase transformation during welding ... Keywords: 3-D FE simulation, High strength carbon steel pipe weld, Solid-state phase transformation, Welding residual stresses

Chin-Hyung Lee; Kyong-Ho Chang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Lorentz transformations: Einstein's derivation simplified  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the Lorentz transformations for the space-time coordinates of the same event are a direct consequence of the principle of relativity and of Einstein's distant clocks synchronization procedure. In our approach, imposing the linear character of the Lorentz transformations we guess that the transformation equation for the space coordinate has the form x=ax'+cbt'. Imposing the condition that it accounts for the time dilation relativistic effect and taking into account the fact that due to the clock synchronization a la Einstein the space-time coordinates of the same event in the two frames are related by x=ct and x'=ct', we find out expressions for a and b. Dividing the transformation equation for the space coordinate by c we obtain the transformation equation for the time coordinate t=at'+b/cx'. Combining the two transformation equations we obtain directly the inverse Lorentz transformations.

Bernhard Rothenstein; Stefan Popescu

2007-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

43

Determining the effect of thermal loading on the remaining useful life of a power transformer from its impedance versus frequency characteristic  

SciTech Connect

It is well known that cellulose materials used to insulate transformer windings gradually degrade during service due to a combination of thermal, mechanical, and electrical stresses. As a result the mechanical characteristics of the paper change during use and may affect the useful life of the transformer. It has generally been assumed that the electrical characteristics remain relatively constant throughout the aging process. If, however, thermal aging changes the electrical characteristics, it may be possible to gauge the thermal age of a transformer by externally monitoring these electrical characteristics over time. In this work, samples of oil impregnated thermally upgraded Kraft insulating paper are subjected to accelerated thermal aging. The relative dielectric constant and loss tangent are investigated by monitoring changes in capacitance and conductance as a function of frequency and thermal aging. This paper presents data showing that the thermal aging process produces changes in the electrical characteristics of the insulating system paper. An example is presented comparing the admittance versus frequency for a model of a 765 kV 500 MVA auto transformer. This demonstrates that the effect of aging can theoretically be observed from the terminals of the transformer.

Batruni, R.; Degeneff, R.C. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Electric Power Engineering Dept.; Lebow, M.A. [Consolidated Edison Co., New York, NY (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Directional lapped transforms for image coding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—In this paper, we present the design of directional lapped transforms for image coding. A lapped transform, which can be implemented by a prefilter followed by a discrete cosine transform (DCT), can be factorized into elementary operators. The corresponding directional lapped transform is generated by applying each elementary operator along a given direction. The proposed directional lapped transforms are not only nonredundant and perfectly reconstructed, but they can also provide a basis along an arbitrary direction. These properties, along with the advantages of lapped transforms, make the proposed transforms appealing for image coding. A block-based directional transform scheme is also presented and integrated into HD Phtoto, one of the state-of-the-art image coding systems, to verify the effectiveness of the proposed transforms. Index Terms—Directional transform, image coding, lapped transform.

Jizheng Xu; Feng Wu; Senior Member; Jie Liang; Wenjun Zhang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Stratospheric Warmings Diagnosed Using the Transformed Eulerian-Mean Equations and the Effect of the Mean State on Wave Propagation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Terms in the transformed Eulerian mean equations are computed for the stratospheric warmings of December and January, 1976–77, together with cross sections showing the directions of the Eliassen-Palm (EP) fluxes and residual mean meridional ...

A. O'Neill; C. E. Youngblut

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

RF transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided an improved RF transformer having a single-turn secondary of cylindrical shape and a coiled encapsulated primary contained within the secondary. The coil is tapered so that the narrowest separation between the primary and the secondary is at one end of the coil. The encapsulated primary is removable from the secondary so that a variety of different capacity primaries can be utilized with one secondary.

Smith, James L. (Naperville, IL); Helenberg, Harold W. (Calumet City, IL); Kilsdonk, Dennis J. (Joliet, IL)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Lorentz Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a particularly didactic and transparent derivation of basic properties of the Lorentz group. The generators for rotations and boosts along an arbitrary direction, as well as their commutation relations, are written as functions of the unit vectors that define the axis of rotation or the direction of the boost (an approach that can be compared with the one that in electrodynamics, works with the electric and magnetic fields instead of the Maxwell stress tensor). For finite values of the angle of rotation or the boost's velocity, collectively denoted by V, the existence of an exponential expansion for the coordinate transformation's matrix, M (in terms of GV where G is the generator) requires that the matrix's derivative with respect to V, be equal to GM. This condition can only be satisfied if the transformation is additive as it is indeed the case for rotations, but not for velocities. If it is assumed, however, that for boosts such an expansion exists, with V = V(v), v being the velocity, and if the above condition is imposed on the boost's matrix then its expression in terms of hyperbolic cosh(V) and sinh(V} is recovered, and the expression for V(= arc tanh(v)) is determined. A general Lorentz transformation can be written as an exponential containing the sum of a rotation and a boost, which to first order is equal to the product of a boost with a rotation. The calculations of the second and third order terms show that the equations for the generators used in this paper, allow to reliably infer the expressions for the higher order generators, without having recourse to the commutation relations. The transformationmatrices for Weyl spinors are derived for finite values of the rotation and velocity, and field representations, leading to the expression for the angular momentum operator, are studied.

Bernard R. Durney

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

TRANSFORMER APPARATUS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Transformer apparatus is designed for measuring the amount of a paramagnetic substance dissolved or suspended in a diamagnetic liquid. The apparatus consists of a cluster of tubes, some of which are closed and have sealed within the diamagnetic substance without any of the paramagnetic material. The remaining tubes are open to flow of the mix- ture. Primary and secondary conductors are wrapped around the tubes in such a way as to cancel noise components and also to produce a differential signal on the secondaries based upon variations of the content of the paramagnetic material. (AEC)

Wolfgang, F.; Nicol, J.

1962-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Evaluating Transformer Losses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper outlines how to determine what transformer losses cost and how to evaluate transformer bids to optimize the investment.

Grun, R. L. Jr.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

A Case Study on the Effects of Distribution Line Capacitors on Substation Bus Voltage Regulated with a Load Tap Changing (LTC) Power Transformer: Southern Company Smart Grid Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study describes research to address the adverse effects of distribution capacitors on substation bus voltage with a load-tap-changing (LTC) power transformer. By adding fixed and switched capacitors to the distribution system, Southern Company is able to maintain an efficient distribution grid by providing the reactive power near the end-use devices consuming this power. However, pressure to improve the efficiency of the distribution system has resulted in Southern Company adding a large ...

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

51

Water Mass Transformations in the Southern Ocean Diagnosed from Observations: Contrasting Effects of Air–Sea Fluxes and Diapycnal Mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transformation and formation rates of water masses in the Southern Ocean are estimated in a neutral-surface framework using air–sea fluxes of heat and freshwater together with in situ estimates of diapycnal mixing. The air–sea fluxes are taken ...

Gualtiero Badin; Richard G. Williams; Zhao Jing; Lixin Wu

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Perfect NOT transformation and conjugate transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The perfect NOT transformation, probabilistic perfect NOT transformation and conjugate transformation are studied. Perfect NOT transformation criteria on a quantum state set $S$ of a qubit are obtained. Two necessary and sufficient conditions for realizing a perfect NOT transformation on $S$ are derived. When these conditions are not satisfied we discuss a probabilistic perfect NOT transformation (gate). We construct a probabilistic perfect NOT machine (gate) by a general unitary-reduction operation. With a postselection of the measurement outcomes, the probabilistic NOT gate yields perfectly complements of the input states. We prove that one can realize probabilistically the NOT gate of the input states secretly chosen from a certain set $S=\\{|\\Psi_1>, |\\Psi_2>,..., |\\Psi_n>\\}$ if and only if $|\\Psi_1>, |\\Psi_2>,...,$ and $|\\Psi_n>$ are linearly independent. We also generalize the probabilistic NOT transformation to the conjugate transformation in the multi-level quantum system. The lower bound of the best p...

Yan, Fengli; Yan, Zhichao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Transformations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformations Transformations Jump to: navigation, search Name Transformations Place Townsend, MA Website http://transformations-inc.com References Transformations[1] Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Test & Evaluation Partner Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! Transformations is a company located in Townsend, MA. References ↑ "Transformations" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Transformations&oldid=381743" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

54

Spacetime transformation acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recently proposed analogue transformation method has allowed the extension of transformation acoustics to general spacetime transformations. We analyze here in detail the differences between this new analogue transformation acoustics (ATA) method and the standard one (STA). We show explicitly that STA is not suitable for transformations that mix space and time. ATA takes as starting point the acoustic equation for the velocity potential, instead of that for the pressure as in STA. This velocity-potential equation by itself already allows for some transformations mixing space and time, but not all of them. We explicitly obtain the entire set of transformations that do not leave its form invariant. It is in these cases that ATA shows its true potential, allowing for building a transformation acoustics method that enables the full range of spacetime transformations. We provide an example of an important transformation which cannot be achieved with STA. Using this transformation, we design and simulate an acous...

García-Meca, C; Barceló, C; Jannes, G; Sánchez-Dehesa, J; Martínez, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

The Effect of Crystallographic Orientation and Thermo-mechanical Loading Conditions on the Phase Transformation Characteristics of Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of crystallographic orientation, temperature and heat treatment on superelastic response of Ni45Mn36.5Co5In13.5 single crystals were investigated. Superelastic experiments with and without various magnetic field were conducted under compression on a custom built magneto-thermo-mechanical test setup. Magnetostress, which is the difference in critical stress levels for the martensitic transformation with and without magnetic field, was determined as a function of crystallographic orientation, heat treatment and temperature parameters. Magnetostress of [111] crystals was observed to be much higher than that of [001] crystals with same heat treatment. Water quenched samples have the highest magnetostress among other samples with the same orientation that were oil quenched and furnace cooled. Crystal structure and atomic ordering of the samples were examined using Synchrotron High-Energy X-Ray Diffraction to rationalize observed differences. Magnetostress levels were also traced at various temperatures. A Quantum Design superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) was utilized to examine the magnetic properties of the material. The difference in saturation magnetization at various temperatures was analyzed to explain the temperature effect on magnetostress. Calculations based on the energy conversion from available magnetic energy to mechanical work output were used to predict the magnetic field dependence of magnetostress, which provides a guideline in material selection for the reversible magnetic field induced martensitic phase transformation. Isothermal superelastic response and load-biased shape memory response of Co48Ni33Al29 single crystals were determined as a function of temperature and stress, respectively. The aim of the work is to provide a new direction to understand the anomaly of transformation strain and hysteresis for ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. Thermo-mechanical behavior of Co48Ni33Al29 single crystal was determined by a custom built thermo-mechanical compression setup based on an electromechanical test frame made by MTS. Transformation strain was observed to decrease with increasing applied stress in isothermal tests or increasing temperature in superelastic experiments. The variation in the lattice constant in martensite and austenite was verified to account for such a trend. It was also discovered that both thermal and stress hysteresis decreased with increasing applied stress and temperature, respectively. Multiple factors may be responsible for the phenomenon, including the increase of dislocation, the compatibility between martensite and austenite phase.

Zhu, Ruixian

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Learning Transformations From Video  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Natural Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Learning Continuous Transformation from VideoProposed Video Coder

Wang, Ching Ming

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Generative model transformer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Generative Model Transformer (GMT) project is an Open Source initiative to build a Model Driven Architecure™ tool that allows fully customisable Platform Independent Models, Platform Description Models, Texture Mappings, and Refinement Transformations. ... Keywords: QVT, domain-specific languages, generative model transformer (GMT), model driven architecture (MDA), model transformation, open source

Jorn Bettin; Ghica van Emde Boas

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

A green transformer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of a new transformer and transformer fluid by a rural electric cooperative is described in the article. Edisol TR Transformers, which require about half as much fluid, are being used to replace existing transformers from 10- to 50 kVA. The dielectric fluid used in the transformers biodegrades more rapidly and completely, and is non-bioaccumulating in aquatic species. Standardized tests show that five to six weeks is required for biodegradation. The thermal design increases the efficiency of heat removal and reduces thermal gradients in the winding; the transformer is 20% smaller and 25% lighter than conventional transformers.

Wagner, A.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Finite BRST Transformations for the Bagger-Lambert-Gustavasson Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we analyse the Bagger-Lambert-Gustavsson (BLG) theory in $\\mathcal{N} =1$ superspace. Furthermore, we will construct the BRST transformations for this theory. These BRST transformations will be integrated out to obtain the finite field dependent version of BRST (FFBRST) transformations. We will also analyse the effect of the FFBRST transformations on the effective action. We will thus show that the FFBRST transformations can be used to relate generating functionals of the BLG theory in two different gauges.

Mir Faizal; Bhabani P Mandal; Sudhaker Upadhyay

2012-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

60

On discrete cosine transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discrete cosine transform (DCT), introduced by Ahmed, Natarajan and Rao, has been used in many applications of digital signal processing, data compression and information hiding. There are four types of the discrete cosine transform. In simulating the discrete cosine transform, we propose a generalized discrete cosine transform with three parameters, and prove its orthogonality for some new cases. A new type of discrete cosine transform is proposed and its orthogonality is proved. Finally, we propose a generalized discrete W transform with three parameters, and prove its orthogonality for some new cases.

Zhou, Jianqin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Effects of Impulse Voltage Polarity, Peak Amplitude, and Rise Time on Streamers Initiated From a Needle Electrode in Transformer Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An electrothermal hydrodynamic model is presented to evaluate effects of the applied lightning impulse voltage parameters such as polarity, magnitude, and rise time on the initiation and propagation of the streamers formed ...

Jadidian, Jouya

62

Metrics for enterprise transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this thesis is to depict the role of metrics in the evolving journey of enterprise transformation. To this end, three propositions are explored: (i) metrics and measurement systems drive transformation, ...

Blackburn, Craig D. (Craig David), S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Lorentz Transformation from Symmetry of Reference Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lorentz Transformation is traditionally derived requiring the Principle of Relativity and lightspeed universality. While the latter can be relaxed, the Principle of Relativity is seen as core to the transformation. The present letter relaxes both statements to the weaker, Symmetry of Reference Principle. Thus the resulting Lorentz transformation and its consequences (time dilatation, length contraction) are, in turn, effects of how we manage space and time.

M. Dima

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Lorentz Transformation from Symmetry of Reference Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lorentz Transformation is traditionally derived requiring the Principle of Relativity and light-speed universality. While the latter can be relaxed, the Principle of Relativity is seen as core to the transformation. The present letter relaxes both statements to the weaker, Symmetry of Reference Principle. Thus the resulting Lorentz transformation and its consequences (time dilatation, length contraction) are, in turn, effects of how we manage space and time.

M. Dima

2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

65

Typechecking for XML transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the typechecking problem for XML transformers: given an XML transformation program and a DTD for the input XML documents, check whether every result of the program conforms to a specified output DTD. We model XML transformers using a novel device ...

Tova Milo; Dan Suciu; Victor Vianu

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

A dc transformer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although conventional transformers are ac, a device that may be termed a dc transformer has been constructed by using superconductors. To provide an understanding of how such a transformer would operate, some of the properties of type I and type II superconductors ...

I. Giaever

1966-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Transforming a Transformative School | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Transforming a Transformative School Transforming a Transformative School October 11, 2012 - 10:14am Addthis During a yearlong renovation, Harding Charter Preparatory school upgraded lighting fixtures, installed a new heating and cooling system, and replaced the entry doors. The new doors allow daylight into the school and restore the historical building envelope. | Photo courtesy of John Winkel, Energy Department. During a yearlong renovation, Harding Charter Preparatory school upgraded lighting fixtures, installed a new heating and cooling system, and replaced the entry doors. The new doors allow daylight into the school and restore the historical building envelope. | Photo courtesy of John Winkel, Energy Department. Julie McAlpin

68

Transforming quantum operations: quantum supermaps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the concept of quantum supermap, describing the most general transformation that maps an input quantum operation into an output quantum operation. Since quantum operations include as special cases quantum states, effects, and measurements, quantum supermaps describe all possible transformations between elementary quantum objects (quantum systems as well as quantum devices). After giving the axiomatic definition of supermap, we prove a realization theorem, which shows that any supermap can be physically implemented as a simple quantum circuit. Applications to quantum programming, cloning, discrimination, estimation, information-disturbance trade-off, and tomography of channels are outlined.

G. Chiribella; G. M. D'Ariano; P. Perinotti

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Effect of the change in the load resistance on the high voltage pulse transformer of the intense electron-beam accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high voltage pulse transformer (HVPT) is usually used as a charging device for the pulse forming line (PFL) of intense electron-beam accelerators (IEBAs). Insulation of the HVPT is one of the important factors that restrict the development of the HVPT. Until now, considerable effort has been focused on minimizing high field regions to avoid insulation breakdown between windings. Characteristics of the HVPT have been widely discussed to achieve these goals, but the effects of the PFL and load resistance on HVPT are usually neglected. In this paper, a HVPT is used as a charging device for the PFL of an IEBA and the effect of the change in the load resistance on the HVPT of the IEBA is presented. When the load resistance does not match the wave impedance of the PFL, a high-frequency bipolar oscillating voltage will occur, and the amplitude of the oscillating voltage will increase with the decrease in the load resistance. The load resistance approximates to zero and the amplitude of the oscillating voltage is much higher. This makes it easier for surface flashover along the insulation materials to form and decrease the lifetime of the HVPT.

Cheng Xinbing; Liu Jinliang; Qian Baoliang; Zhang Yu; Zhang Hongbo [College of Photoelectrical Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Hunan 410073 (China)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

The effects of non-hydrostatic compression and applied electric field on the electromechanical behavior of poled PZT 95/5-2Nb ceramic during the F{sub R1} {yields} A{sub 0} polymorphic phase transformation  

SciTech Connect

We conducted hydrostatic and constant-stress-difference (CSD) experiments at room temperature on two different sintered batches of poled, niobium-doped lead-zirconate-titanate ceramic (PZT 95/5-2Nb). The objective of this test plan was to quantify the effects of nonhydrostatic stress on the electromechanical behavior of the ceramic during the ferroelectric, rhombohedral {yields} antiferroelectric, orthorhombic (FE {yields} AFE) phase transformation. We also performed a series of hydrostatic and triaxial compression experiments in which a 1000 V potential was applied to poled specimens to evaluate any effect of a sustained bias on the transformation. As we predicted from earlier tests on unpoled PZT 95/5-2Nb, increasing the stress difference up to 200 MPa (corresponding to a maximum resolved shear stress of 100 MPa) decreases the mean stress and confining pressure at which the transformation occurs by 25--33%, for both biased and unbiased conditions. This same stress difference also retards the rate of transformation at constant pressurization rate, resulting in reductions of up to an order of magnitude in the rate of charge release and peak voltage attained in our tests. This shear stress-voltage effect offers a plausible, though qualitative explanation for certain systematic failures that have occurred in neutron generator power supplies when seemingly minor design changes have been made. Transformation strains in poled ceramic are anisotropic (differing by up to 33%) in hydrostatic compression, and even more anisotropic under non-hydrostatic stress states. Application of a 1000 V bias appears to slightly increase (by {le}2%) the transformation pressure for poled ceramic, but evidence for this conclusion is weak.

Zeuch, D.H.; Montgomery, S.T.; Zimmerer, D.J.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The interlaced chirp Z transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce the interlaced chirp Z transform (Interlaced CZT), It is based on the computation of several carefully staggered CZT that are progressively interlaced to result in a spectrum that has denser frequency samples where needed. ... Keywords: chirp Z transform, discrete fourier transform, interlaced chirp Z transform, warped discrete fourier transform, zoom chirp Z transform

Indranil Sarkar; Adly T. Fam

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

73

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

74

Adaptive Discrete Cosine Transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory and performance of the adaptive discrete cosine transform filter is examined. The discrete cosine transform filter is a realization of an FIR filter as the cascade of an all-zero FIR filter with a bank of IIR digital resonators. Each bank ... Keywords: FIR filter, IIR digital resonators, LMS algorithm, adaptive discrete cosine transform filter, adaptive filters, all-zero FIR filter, filter coefficient, frequency, magnitude, phase, transfer function, update method

S. J. Bukowinski; L. Gerhardt; M. Fargues; G. Coutu

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

EPRI Transformer Guidebook Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are losing many of their subject matter experts through retirement and downsizing. This is particularly true in the case of power transformers, so that there is now a critical need for a comprehensive transformer reference book geared toward utility engineers. In 2007, the Electric Power Research Institute EPRI published the technical update report Transformer Guidebook Design 1013799. That report described the results of the initial project to develop the Copper Book, a comprehensive reference...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

76

A New Integral Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Bauer's expansion and properties of spherical Bessel and Legender functions, we deduce a new transform and briefly indicate its use.

B. G. Sidharth

2004-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

77

Transforming the Freight Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transforming the Freight Industry From Regulation to Icommon-carrier freight industry was Competition to backwardjourneys. When the freight industry was deregulated, it was

Regan, Amelia

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Transformer Ratio Enhancement Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TRANSFORMER RATIO ENHANCEMENT EXPERIMENT A. Kanareykin, Euclid Concepts LLC, Solon, OH 44139, USA W. Gai, J. G. Power. ANL, Argonne, IL, 60439, USA E. Nenasheva, Ceramics Ltd., St....

79

Market Transformation Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficiency Improvement Opportunities in TVs Implications for Market Transformation Programs journal Energy Policy volume year month pages keywords appliance energy efficiency...

80

Sustainability transformations in Olympic host cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Olympic Games represent an unparalleled fast-track urban development opportunity for Olympic host cities. Taking the premise that the transformational effect of the Olympics has a potential to drive long-term urban ...

Mokrushina, Ksenia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Martensitic Phase Transformations and Functional Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase Transformation and Microstructural Evolution: Martensitic Phase ... of Bordeaux; Francisca Caballero, National Center for Metallurgical Research ... The finding challenges the conventional view that martensite always returns to ... The experimental data are explained in terms of both mechanical and chemical effects.

82

Transformations of Grassman Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a version of a part of the book ``Transformations of Grassman Spaces'' (in progress). We study transformations of Grassman spaces preserving certain geometrical constructions related to buildings. The next part will be devoted to Grassman spaces associated with polar spaces.

Mark Pankov

2004-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

83

Deployment & Market Transformation (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

NREL's deployment and market transformation (D and MT) activities encompass the laboratory's full range of technologies, which span the energy efficiency and renewable energy spectrum. NREL staff educates partners on how they can advance sustainable energy applications and also provides clients with best practices for reducing barriers to innovation and market transformation.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Generalized Lorentz Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalized Lorentz transformations with modified velocity parameter are considered. Lorentz transformations depending on the mass of the observer are suggested.The modified formula for the addition of velocities remarkably preserves the constancy of the velocity of light for all observers. The Doppler red shift is affected and can provide a test of such generalisations.

Virendra Gupta

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

85

Biochemical transformation of coals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of biochemically transforming macromolecular compounds found in solid carbonaceous materials, such as coal is provided. The preparation of new microorganisms, metabolically weaned through challenge growth processes to biochemically transform solid carbonaceous materials at extreme temperatures, pressures, pH, salt and toxic metal concentrations is also disclosed. 7 figs.

Lin, M.S.; Premuzic, E.T.

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

86

Deployment & Market Transformation (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

NREL's deployment and market transformation (D and MT) activities encompass the laboratory's full range of technologies, which span the energy efficiency and renewable energy spectrum. NREL staff educates partners on how they can advance sustainable energy applications and also provides clients with best practices for reducing barriers to innovation and market transformation.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A discrete fractional random transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a discrete fractional random transform based on a generalization of the discrete fractional Fourier transform with an intrinsic randomness. Such discrete fractional random transform inheres excellent mathematical properties of the fractional Fourier transform along with some fantastic features of its own. As a primary application, the discrete fractional random transform has been used for image encryption and decryption.

Zhengjun Liu; Haifa Zhao; Shutian Liu

2006-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

88

Lorentz transformation by mimicking the Lorentz transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that starting with the fact that special relativity theory is concerned with a distortion of the observed length of a moving rod, without mentioning if it is a "contraction" or "dilation", we can derive the Lorentz transformations for the spacetime coordinates of the same event. This derivation is based on expressing the length of the moving rod as a sum of components with all the lengths involved in this summation being measured by the observers of the same inertial reference frame.

Bernhard Rothenstein; Stefan Popescu

2007-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

89

Market Transformation Fact Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transformation Market Transformation is based on the concept that federal support can catalyze a market to achieve economic and environmental benefits that can reduce costs through economies of scale. Adoption of fuel cells in emerging markets expands the growth of green jobs, with new opportunities in manufacturing, fuel cell maintenance and support systems, and domestic hydrogen fuel production and delivery. By providing reliable field operations data and increasing user confidence, early market deployments help overcome non-technical challenges like developing appropriate safety codes and standards and reducing high insurance costs. Strategies Market Transformation's primary goal is to accelerate the expansion of hydrogen and fuel cell use by lowering the life

90

The Quantum Mellin transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We uncover a new type of unitary operation for quantum mechanics on the half-line which yields a transformation to ``Hyperbolic phase space''. We show that this new unitary change of basis from the position x on the half line to the Hyperbolic momentum $p_\\eta$, transforms the wavefunction via a Mellin transform on to the critial line $s=1/2-ip_\\eta$. We utilise this new transform to find quantum wavefunctions whose Hyperbolic momentum representation approximate a class of higher transcendental functions, and in particular, approximate the Riemann Zeta function. We finally give possible physical realisations to perform an indirect measurement of the Hyperbolic momentum of a quantum system on the half-line.

J. Twamley; G. J. Milburn

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

91

On Bianchi's Backlund transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate basic features of Bianchi's B\\"acklund transformation of quadrics to see if it can be obtained under weaker assumptions and if it can be generalized to deformations of other surfaces.

Dinca, Ion

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Imaging Fourier transform spectrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an imaging Fourier transform spectrometer having a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer providing a series of images to a focal plane array camera. The focal plane array camera is clocked to a multiple of zero crossing occurrences as caused by a moving mirror of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer and as detected by a laser detector such that the frame capture rate of the focal plane array camera corresponds to a multiple of the zero crossing rate of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The images are transmitted to a computer for processing such that representations of the images as viewed in the light of an arbitrary spectral ``fingerprint`` pattern can be displayed on a monitor or otherwise stored and manipulated by the computer.

Bennett, C.L.

1993-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

93

Series Transmission Line Transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A series transmission line transformer is set forth which includes two or more of impedance matched sets of at least two transmissions lines such as shielded cables, connected in parallel at one end ans series at the other in a cascading fashion. The cables are wound about a magnetic core. The series transmission line transformer (STLT) which can provide for higher impedance ratios and bandwidths, which is scalable, and which is of simpler design and construction.

Buckles, Robert A. (Livermore, CA); Booth, Rex (Livermore, CA); Yen, Boris T. (El Cerrito, CA)

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

94

Effects of Rare Earth (RE) Intergranular Adsorption on the Phase Transformation and Microstructure Evolution in Silicon Nitride with RE2O3 + MgO Additives: Fracture Behavior  

SciTech Connect

Silicon nitride powders consist primarily of the alpha phase, which transforms to the beta phase during the densification and microstructural evolution of Si3N4 ceramics. The temperature at which the transformation initiates in the presence of a combination of MgO and RE2O3 densification additives is found to decrease with increasing atomic number of the rare earth (RE). This trend coincides with the predicted and observed decrease in the affinity of the rare earth to segregate to and absorb on the prism planes of hexagonal prism shaped beta grains with increase in the atomic number of the RE. When RE adsorption is diminished, Si (and N) attachment on the smooth prism planes is enhanced, which increases diametrical growth rates, normally reaction-rate limited by an attachment mechanism. Combined with the typically fast [0001] growth, it is this augmented grain growth that contributes towards the initiation of the alpha-beta transformation at lower temperatures. With the enhanced transformation, observations reveal an increase in the number of beta grains growing in the early stages of densification. On the other hand, increased RE adsorption leads to greater growth anisotropy resulting in the formation of higher aspect ratio grains. Thus, Lu2O3 generates larger diameter, yet elongated, reinforcing grains, while La2O3 results in reinforcing grains of higher aspect ratio. The Gd2O3 additive transformation and microstructual characteristics lie intermediate to those of the lanthanide end member elements. Despite these differences, a substantial fraction of large reinforcing grains were found for each additive composition. As a result, the mechanical properties of the resultant ceramics are similar with flexure strengths in excess of 1 GPa, fracture toughness values greater than 10 MPa m1/2 at room temperature and excellent strength retention (>800 MPa) at 1200 C.

Becher, Paul F [ORNL; Painter, Gayle S [ORNL; Shibata, Naoya [University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Waters, Shirley B [ORNL; Lin, Hua-Tay [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Dynamic control of grid power flow using controllable network transformers .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of the research is to develop a cost-effective, dynamic grid controller called the controllable network transformer (CNT) that can be implemented by augmenting… (more)

Das, Debrup

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Optical transformation from chirplet to fractional Fourier transformation kernel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find a new integration transformation which can convert a chirplet function to fractional Fourier transformation kernel, this new transformation is invertible and obeys Parseval theorem. Under this transformation a new relationship between a phase space function and its Weyl-Wigner quantum correspondence operator is revealed.

Hong-yi Fan; Li-yun Hu

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

97

Optical transformation from chirplet to fractional Fourier transformation kernel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find a new integration transformation which can convert a chirplet function to fractional Fourier transformation kernel, this new transformation is invertible and obeys Parseval theorem. Under this transformation a new relationship between a phase space function and its Weyl-Wigner quantum correspondence operator is revealed.

Fan, Hong-yi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Contact transformations for difference schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define a class of transformations of the dependent and independent variables in an ordinary difference scheme. The transformations leave the solution set of the system invariant and reduces to a group of contact transformations in the continuous limit. We use a simple example to show that the class is not empty and that such "contact transformations for discrete systems" genuinely exist.

Levi, Decio; Winternitz, Pavel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Partial core pulse transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A light-weight partial-core pule transformer is provided for generating high voltage output pulses with low distortion. The transformer includes sets of ferrite bars arranged so as to extend longitudinally along the inside and outside surfaces of a high frequency cylindrical coil winding-pair. The ferrite bars are arranged in pairs with the bars of each pair being located on opposite sides of winding-pair. The bars are preferably disposed in a radially symmetric arrangement around the winding-pair, and each has a length at least equal to the width of the winding-pair.

Lawson, R.N.; Rohwein, G.J.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

Functional Mellin Transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Functional integrals are defined in terms of locally compact topological groups and their associated Banach-valued Haar integrals. This approach generalizes the functional integral scheme of Cartier and DeWitt-Morette. The definition allows a construction of functional Mellin transforms. In turn, the functional Mellin transforms can be used to define functional traces, logarithms, and determinants. The associated functional integrals are useful tools for probing function spaces in general and $C^\\ast$-algebras in particular. Several interesting aspects are explored. As an application, we construct a functional Mellin representation of the quantum evolution operator.

J. LaChapelle

2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Model Transformations And Tool Integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model transformations are increasingly recognised as being of significant importance to many areas of software development and integration. Recent attention on model transformations has particularly focused on the OMG's Queries / Views / Transformations (QVT) Request for Proposals (RFP). In this paper I motivate the need for dedicated approaches to model transformations, particularly for the data involved in tool integration, outline the challenges involved, and then present a number of technologies and techniques which allow the construction of flexible, powerful and practical model transformations.

Laurence Tratt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Coordinate transformations in quaternion spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quaternion spaces can be used to describe the property of electromagnetic field and gravitational field. In the quaternion space, some coordinate transformations can be deduced from the feature of quaternions, including Lorentz transformation and Galilean transformation etc., when the coordinate system is transformed into others. And some coordinate transformations with variable speed of light can be obtained in the electromagnetic field and gravitational field.

Zihua Weng

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

103

Algorithms for transform selection in multiple-transform video compression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selecting proper transforms for video compression has been based on the rate-distortion criterion. Transforms that appear reasonable are incorporated into a video coding system and their performance is evaluated. This ...

Cai, Xun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Effect of welding conditions on transformation and properties of heat-affected zones in LWR (light-water reactor) vessel steels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The continuous cooling transformation behavior (CCT) and isothermal transformation (IT) behavior were determined for SA-508 and SA-533 materials for conditions pertaining to standard heat treatment and for the coarse-grained region of the heat-affected zone (HAZ). The resulting diagrams help to select welding conditions that produce the most favorable microconstituent for the development of optimum postweld heat treatment (PWHT) toughness levels. In the case of SA-508 and SA-533, martensite responds more favorably to PWHT than does bainite. Bainite is to be avoided for the optimum toughness characteristics of the HAZ. The reheat cracking tendency for both steels was evaluated by metallographic studies of simulated HAZ structures subjected to PWHT cycles and simultaneous restraint. Both SA-533, Grade B, Class 1, and SA-508, Class 2, cracked intergranularly. The stress rupture parameter (the product of the stress for a rupture life of 10 min and the corresponding reduction of area) calculated for both steels showed that SA-508, Class 2, was more susceptible to reheat cracking than SA-533, Grade B, Class 1. Cold cracking tests (Battelle Test and University of Tennessee modified hydrogen susceptibility test) indicated that a higher preheat temperature is required for SA-508, Class 2, to avoid cracking than is required for SA-533, Grade B, Class 1. Further, the Hydrogen Susceptibility Test showed that SA-508, Class 2, is more susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement than is SA-533, Grade B, Class 1.

Lundin, C.D.; Mohammed, S. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA). Welding Research and Engineering)

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Optimizing Power Using Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: The increasing demand for portable computing has elevated power consumption to be one of the most critical design parameters. A high-level synthesis system, HYPER-LP, is presented for minimizing power consumption in application specific datapath intensive CMOS circuits using a variety of architectural and computational transformations. The synthesis environment consists of high-level estimation of power consumption, a library of transformation primitives, and heuristic/probabilistic optimization search mechanisms for fast and efficient scanning of the design space. Examples with varying degree of computational complexity and structures are optimized and synthesized using the HYPER-LP system. The results indicate that more than an order of magnitude reduction in power can be achieved over current-day design methodologies while maintaining the system throughput; in some cases this can be accomplished while preserving or reducing the implementation area. 1.0 Introduction VLSI research a...

Anantha P. Chandrakasan; Miodrag Potkonjak; Renu Mehra; Jan Rabaey; Robert W. Brodersen

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

EPRI Intelligent Universal Transformer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vision of the EPRI ADA Program (Program 124) is to create the technology basis for the distribution system of the future by transforming traditional single-function distribution systems into multifunctional power and information exchange systems with increased reliability, improved performance (lower system losses), better economics, better power quality, and more customer service options. Achieving this vision will require capturing the benefits of new capabilities in power electronics, information ...

2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

107

Grid Transformation Workshop Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an earlier white paper entitled Needed: A Grid Operating System to Facilitate Grid Transformation; EPRI; Palo Alto, CA: 2011; 1023223, we set the stage for a new grid operating system called Grid 3.0. Since that time we have identified four core research areas that are required to achieve the expected outcome. These research areas are called: seamless geospatial power system model, seamless power system analytics, integrated energy management system and setting-less protection method. While each area ...

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

108

Rainfall Analysis by Power Transformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power transformation was used to normalize the peak daily and peak monthly rainfall at various raingage stations in Iraq. Excellent correlations were found between the coefficient of skewness (Cs) and a parameter for power transformation (?), ...

Hameed Rasheed; A. S. Aldabagh; Murur V. Ramamoorthy

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Yeo-Johnson Power Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an Arc add-in for using the Yeo-Johnson power transformations in place of the Box-Cox power transformations in various places in Arc. 1

Sanford Weisberg

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Transformation elastodynamics and active exterior acoustic cloaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter consists of three parts. In the first part we recall the elastodynamic equations under coordinate transformations. The idea is to use coordinate transformations to manipulate waves propagating in an elastic material. Then we study the effect of transformations on a mass-spring network model. The transformed networks can be realized with "torque springs", which are introduced here and are springs with a force proportional to the displacement in a direction other than the direction of the spring terminals. Possible homogenizations of the transformed networks are presented, with potential applications to cloaking. In the second and third parts we present cloaking methods that are based on cancelling an incident field using active devices which are exterior to the cloaked region and that do not generate significant fields far away from the devices. In the second part, the exterior cloaking problem for the Laplace equation is reformulated as the problem of polynomial approximation of analytic functions. An explicit solution is given that allows to cloak larger objects at a fixed distance from the cloaking device, compared to previous explicit solutions. In the third part we consider the active exterior cloaking problem for the Helmholtz equation in 3D. Our method uses the Green's formula and an addition theorem for spherical outgoing waves to design devices that mimic the effect of the single and double layer potentials in Green's formula.

Fernando Guevara Vasquez; Graeme W. Milton; Daniel Onofrei; Pierre Seppecher

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

111

Remarks on restricted Nevanlinna transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Nevanlinna transform K(z), of a measure and a real constant, plays an important role in the complex analysis and more recently in the free probability theory (boolean convolution). It is shown that its restriction k(it) (the restricted Nevanlinna transform) to the imaginary axis can be expressed as the Laplace transform of the Fourier transform (characteristic function) of the corresponding measure. Finally, a relation between the Voiculescu and the boolean convolution is indicated.

Jankowski, Lech

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Phase Transformation and Microstructural Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 15, 2013 ... Relationship between Microstructural Evolution, Order-disorder Transformation and Plastic Inhomogeneities during Deformation of Beta Brass.

113

Remarks on the conformal transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conformal transformations are obtained by demanding that the form of the metric change by a conformal factor. Nevertheless, this transformation of the metric is not taken into account when a variation of the action is performed. The basic purpose of this paper is to take the transformation of the metric into the variation of the action. When this is done, we obtain now that even massive particles are invariant under the conformal transformations.

L. C. T. Guillen

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

114

Remarks on the conformal transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conformal transformations are obtained by demanding that the form of the metric change by a conformal factor. Nevertheless, this transformation of the metric is not taken into account when a variation of the action is performed. The basic purpose of this paper is to take the transformation of the metric into the variation of the action. When this is done, we obtain now that even massive particles are invariant under the conformal transformations.

Guillen, L C T

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Applying a Model Transformation Taxonomy to Graph Transformation Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A taxonomy of model transformations was introduced in [16]. Among others, such a taxonomy can help developers in deciding which language, forma lism, tool or mechanism is best suited to carry out a particular model transformation activity. In this paper we apply the taxonomy to the technique of graph transformation, and we exemplify it by referring to four representative graph transformation tools. As a byproduct of our analysis, we discuss how well each of the considered tools carry out the activity of model transformation.

Tom Mens; Pieter Van Gorp; Dániel Varró; Gabor Karsai

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Generalized Transforms and Special Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the properties of different type of transforms by means of operational methods and discuss the relevant interplay with many families of special functions. We consider in particular the binomial transform and its generalizations. A general method, based on the use of the Fourier transform technique, is proposed for the study of the properties of functions of operators.

G. Dattoli; E. Sabia

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

117

A taxonomy of model transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarises the results of the discussions of a working group on model transformation of the Dagstuhl Seminar on Language Engineering for Model-Driven Software Development. The main contribution is a taxonomy of model transformation. This taxonomy can be used to help developers in deciding which model transformation approach is best suited to deal with a particular problem.

Tom Mens; Krzysztof Czarnecki; Pieter Van Gorp

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Wavelet transform and Radon transform on the Quaternion Heisenberg group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let $\\mathscr Q$ be the quaternion Heisenberg group, and let $\\mathbf P$ be the affine automorphism group of $\\mathscr Q$. We develop the theory of continuous wavelet transform on the quaternion Heisenberg group via the unitary representations of $\\mathbf P$ on $L^2(\\mathscr Q)$. A class of radial wavelets is constructed. The inverse wavelet transform is simplified by using radial wavelets. Then we investigate the Radon transform on $\\mathscr Q$. A Semyanistri-Lizorkin space is introduced, on which the Radon transform is a bijection. We deal with the Radon transform on $\\mathscr Q$ both by the Euclidean Fourier transform and the group Fourier transform. These two treatments are essentially equivalent. We also give an inversion formula by using wavelets, which does not require the smoothness of functions if the wavelet is smooth.

He, JIanxun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Nonrelativistic conformal transformations in Lagrangian formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conformal transformations corresponding to $N$-Galilean conformal symmetries, previously defined as canonical symmetry transformations on phase space, are constructed as point transformations in coordinate space.

Andrzejewski, K; Kijanka-Dec, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Transformer Recharging with Alpha Channeling in Tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

Transformer recharging with lower hybrid waves in tokamaks can give low average auxiliary power if the resistivity is kept high enough during the radio frequency (rf) recharging stage. At the same time, operation in the hot ion mode via alpha channeling increases the effective fusion reactivity. This paper will address the extent to which these two large cost saving steps are compatible. __________________________________________________

N.J. Fisch

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Dynamical conformal transformation and classical Euclidean wormholes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the necessary condition for the existence of classical Euclidean wormholes in a conformally non-invariant gravitational model minimally coupled to an scalar field. It is shown that while the original Ricci tensor with positive eigenvalues does not allow the Euclidean wormholes to occur, under dynamical conformal transformations the Ricci tensor, with respect to the original metric, is dynamically coupled with the conformal field and its eigenvalues may become negative allowing the Euclidean wormholes to occur. Therefore, it is conjectured that dynamical conformal transformations may provide us with {\\it effective} forms of matter sources leading to Euclidean wormholes in conformally non-invariant systems.

F. Darabi

2010-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

122

A Bijective String Sorting Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given a string of characters, the Burrows-Wheeler Transform rearranges the characters in it so as to produce another string of the same length which is more amenable to compression techniques such as move to front, run-length encoding, and entropy encoders. We present a variant of the transform which gives rise to similar or better compression value, but, unlike the original, the transform we present is bijective, in that the inverse transformation exists for all strings. Our experiments indicate that using our variant of the transform gives rise to better compression ratio than the original Burrows-Wheeler transform. We also show that both the transform and its inverse can be computed in linear time and consuming linear storage.

Gil, Joseph Yossi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Transformation of quantum states using uniformly controlled rotations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a unitary transformation which maps any given state of an $n$-qubit quantum register into another one. This transformation has applications in the initialization of a quantum computer, and also in some quantum algorithms. Employing uniformly controlled rotations, we present a quantum circuit of $2^{n+2}-4n-4$ CNOT gates and $2^{n+2}-5$ one-qubit elementary rotations that effects the state transformation. The complexity of the circuit is noticeably lower than the previously published results. Moreover, we present an analytic expression for the rotation angles needed for the transformation.

Mikko Mottonen; Juha J. Vartiainen; Ville Bergholm; Martti M. Salomaa

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Planar LTCC transformers for high voltage flyback converters.  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the design and use of low-temperature (850 C to 950 C) co-fired ceramic (LTCC) planar magnetic flyback transformers for applications that require conversion of a low voltage to high voltage (> 100V) with significant volumetric constraints. Measured performance and modeling results for multiple designs showed that the LTCC flyback transformer design and construction imposes serious limitations on the achievable coupling and significantly impacts the transformer performance and output voltage. This paper discusses the impact of various design factors that can provide improved performance by increasing transformer coupling and output voltage. The experiments performed on prototype units demonstrated LTCC transformer designs capable of greater than 2 kV output. Finally, the work investigated the effect of the LTCC microstructure on transformer insulation. Although this paper focuses on generating voltages in the kV range, the experimental characterization and discussion presented in this work applies to designs requiring lower voltage.

Schofield, Daryl (NASCENT Technology Inc. , Watertown, SD); Schare, Joshua M.; Glass, Sarah Jill; Roesler, Alexander William; Ewsuk, Kevin Gregory; Slama, George (NASCENT Technology Inc. , Watertown, SD); Abel, Dave (NASCENT Technology Inc. , Watertown, SD)

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Fast Fourier transform telescope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an all-digital telescope for 21 cm tomography, which combines key advantages of both single dishes and interferometers. The electric field is digitized by antennas on a rectangular grid, after which a series of fast Fourier transforms recovers simultaneous multifrequency images of up to half the sky. Thanks to Moore's law, the bandwidth up to which this is feasible has now reached about 1 GHz, and will likely continue doubling every couple of years. The main advantages over a single dish telescope are cost and orders of magnitude larger field-of-view, translating into dramatically better sensitivity for large-area surveys. The key advantages over traditional interferometers are cost (the correlator computational cost for an N-element array scales as Nlog{sub 2}N rather than N{sup 2}) and a compact synthesized beam. We argue that 21 cm tomography could be an ideal first application of a very large fast Fourier transform telescope, which would provide both massive sensitivity improvements per dollar and mitigate the off-beam point source foreground problem with its clean beam. Another potentially interesting application is cosmic microwave background polarization.

Tegmark, Max; Zaldarriaga, Matias [Department of Physics and MIT Kavli Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Center for Astrophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

LU transformation invariant operators and LU transformation invariant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We proposed a concept of LU transformation invariant operators. By using this operator, arbitrary multi-qubit states LU transformation invariant and SLOCC invariant could be easily obtained. And we find that presences two kinds of invariant operators and corresponding invariants. One kind of operators yields LU invariants and the other operators results in SLOCC invariants. For three-qubit states, all independence LU transformation invariant are obtained. Furthermore, by this system method, arbitrary multi-qubit states invariants can be given.

Xin-wei Zha; Chun-min Zhang

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

127

Definition: Transformer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformer Transformer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transformer An electromagnetic device that changes the voltage of alternating current electricity.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition A transformer consists of a primary- and secondary coil, coupled by a magnetic field. The primary coil induces the voltage in the secondary coil. The voltage transformation depends on the number of windings. Related Terms Electricity, Transmission, Electric grid, transmission lines, electricity generation, transmission line, alternating current References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html#T Retrieved LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Transformer&oldid=502565

128

On-line transformer monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are presently many different approaches to transformer monitoring, either on the market or under development. There are also, many different opinions about how on-line monitoring should be accomplished. On the one hand, efforts are being made to develop expert systems that monitor all transformer parameters and generate an estimate of overall transformer condition. On the other hand, a large number of transformer monitors, designed to monitor one or two specific parameters are already on the market. Another important factor to consider in choosing a monitor is who receives the information and how it is transmitted. The ultimate transformer monitor should feed into the supervisory control and data acquisition (Scada) system. This paper discusses the various aspects of this issue including asset protection, cost control, dissolved gases, pinpointing bad bushings and current transformers, hot spot measurement partial discharge, and water-in-oil measurements. 10 figs.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Gassing of Transformers: An Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transformers rarely, if ever, operate under equilibrium conditions; rather, they exist in a dynamic state where decomposition products migrate among various phases, including headspace (when present), oil, and solid insulation. Detailed knowledge of these parameters is needed for accurately interpreting fault gas analysis and for continuous transformer condition monitoring. This report describes work to date on laboratory experiments using test chambers to simulate transformer conditions under various dy...

2001-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

130

Transformer Population Model With Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's asset management research focuses on developing a rational basis for selecting repair or replacement options for specific classes of equipment by balancing the risks of equipment failure against the costs of continued maintenance or capital replacement. This Model User Guide is a companion to Transformer Asset Management and Testing Methodology, EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2006. 1012504, which discusses methods for making decisions about transformers, and It explicitly models transformer degradation, ins...

2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

131

EPRI Transformer Task Force Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Transformer Task Force held a meeting on December 4, 2007, in San Antonio, Texas. This technical update contains the proceedings of the meeting.

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

132

EPRI Transformer Task Force Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the proceedings from the EPRI Transformers Task Force, which was held in Montreal on October 26 and 27, 2006.

2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

133

Transformations of hypergeometric elliptic integrals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper classifies algebraic transformations of Gauss hypergeometric functions with the local exponent differences $(1/2,1/4,1/4)$, $(1/2,1/3,1/6)$ and $(1/3,1/3,1/3)$. These form a special class of algebraic transformations of Gauss hypergeometric functions, of arbitrary high degree. The Gauss hypergeometric functions can be identified as elliptic integrals on the genus 1 curves $y=x^3-x$ or $y=x^3-1$. Especially interesting are algebraic transformations of the hypergeometric functions into themselves; these transformations come from isogenies of the respective elliptic curves.

Vidunas, Raimundas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

An investigation of Lorentz transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method of derivation of Lorentz Transformation (LT) is given based on both axioms of special relativity (SR) and physical intuitions. The essence of the transformation is established and the crucial role played by the presumptions is presented for clarification. I consider the most general form of transformations between two sets of events in two inertial reference frames and use the most basic properties expected from such a transformation together with the principle of the constancy of the velocity of light to derive LT. The method is very simple, succinct and useful for students trying a better understanding of the subject.

Farid Shahandeh

2013-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

135

FOURIER TRANSFORM MULTIPLE QUANTUM NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSFORM MULTIPLE QUANTUM NMR G. Drobny, A. Pines, S.TRANSFO~~ MULTIPLE QUANTUM NMR G. Drobny, A. Pines, S.

Drobny, G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Business Transformation Workbench: A Practitioner's Tool for Business Transformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Business transformation is a key management initiative that attempts to align people, process and technology of an enterprise more closely with its business strategy and vision. It is an essential part of the competitive business cycle. Existing consulting ... Keywords: business transformation, business process models, software tools

Juhnyoung Lee; Rama Akkiraju; Chun Hua Tian; Shun Jiang; Sivaprashanth Danturthy; Ponn Sundhararajan; Carl Nordman; Rakesh Mohan; Hitansh Singala; Wei Ding

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Definition: Line Transformer Monitors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformer Monitors Transformer Monitors Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Line Transformer Monitors Transformer Monitoring System can monitor different aspects of transformers, including oil levels and multiple temperatures within the transformer. This allows for analysis of the health of either individual key power transformers or multiple power transformers networked in the system. For example, the transformer monitors provide transformer oil dissolved gas analysis (DGA), oil temperature, ambient temperature, and moisture in oil measurements. These measurements are made in relation to transformer load.[1] Related Terms transformer, system, transformer References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/line_transformer_monitors [[Cat LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

138

W-67: Investigating Strain-Induced Martensitic Transformation in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this regard, we investigated the strain-induced martensitic transformation of .... W-43: Existence of Niobium in Ductile Iron and Its Effect on the Morphology of ... Sensing Characteristics of Nanocrystalline Tin Oxide Through Fabrication of ...

139

Diagnostics Techniques of Power Transformer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides the information on the diagnostics techniques for condition monitoring of power transformer (PT). This paper deals with the practical importance of the transformer diagnostic in the Electrical Engineering field. A review has been ... Keywords: temperature, condition monitoring, diagnostics methods, paper analysis techniques, oil analysis techniques

Piush Verma; Y. R. Sood; Jashandeep Singh

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Graph Transformations in Relational Databases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theory of graph transformation [2] was originally developed as a generalization of Chomsky grammars from strings to graphs. Methods, techniques, and tools from the area of graph transformations have already been studied and applied in many fields of computer science such as formal language theory, pattern recognition and generation, compiler construction, software engineering, etc. Despite the large variety of existing graph transformation tools, the implementation of their graph transformation engine typically follows the same principle. In this respect, first a matching occurrence of the left-hand side (LHS) of the graph transformation rule is being found by some sophisticated graph pattern matching algorithm. Then the engine performs some local modifications to add or remove graph elements to the matching pattern, and the entire process starts all over again. Since graph pattern matching leads to the subgraph isomorphism problem that is known to be NPcomplete in general, this step is considered to be the most crucial in the overall performance of a graph transformation engine. Current tools (e.g., PROGRES [4]) use different efficient strategies for the graph pattern matching phase. However, I argue that the overall complexity of a graph transformation engine is not necessarily equal to the complexity of the graph pattern matching phase, especially for long transformation sequences.

Gergely Varró

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Transform, Protect and Advance - DOE's IT Modernization Strategy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transform, Protect and Advance - DOE's IT Modernization Transform, Protect and Advance - DOE's IT Modernization Strategy Transform, Protect and Advance - DOE's IT Modernization Strategy September 5, 2012 - 12:57pm Addthis The Obama Administration's Digital Government Strategy provides a vision for a 21st century government that lays a strong foundation for modernizing technology services across the Federal Government. At Energy, we're implementing a three-pillar approach -- Transform, Protect and Advance - as part of this broader strategy, driving more secure, cost-effective, and efficient IT infrastructure and services. Transforming IT architecture to drive cost savings and streamlined operations The Department is leveraging new tools and services that will further reduce costs and streamline operations - making our IT infrastructure

142

Transform, Protect and Advance - DOE's IT Modernization Strategy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transform, Protect and Advance - DOE's IT Modernization Transform, Protect and Advance - DOE's IT Modernization Strategy Transform, Protect and Advance - DOE's IT Modernization Strategy September 5, 2012 - 12:57pm Addthis The Obama Administration's Digital Government Strategy provides a vision for a 21st century government that lays a strong foundation for modernizing technology services across the Federal Government. At Energy, we're implementing a three-pillar approach -- Transform, Protect and Advance - as part of this broader strategy, driving more secure, cost-effective, and efficient IT infrastructure and services. Transforming IT architecture to drive cost savings and streamlined operations The Department is leveraging new tools and services that will further reduce costs and streamline operations - making our IT infrastructure

143

Transformation Hardening of Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...relations for induction hardening and tempering Electrical and magnetic properties of steels Selection of induction frequency and power The effect of prior microstructure...

144

On the fundamental limitations of transformational design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The completeness of a collection of design transformations is an important aspect in transformational design. Completeness guarantees that any correct design can in principle be explored using the transformation system. In the field of transformational ... Keywords: Completeness, formal methods, high-level synthesis, syntactic variance problem, transformational design

Jeroen Voeten

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Study on the effect of heat treatment and gasification on the carbon structure of coal chars and metallurgical cokes using fourier transform Raman spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differences in the development of carbon structures between coal chars and metallurgical cokes during high-temperature reactions have been investigated using Raman spectroscopy. These are important to differentiate between different types of carbons in dust recovered from the top gas of the blast furnace. Coal chars have been prepared from a typical injectant coal under different heat-treatment conditions. These chars reflected the effect of peak temperature, residence time at peak temperature, heating rate and pressure on the evolution of their carbon structures. The independent effect of gasification on the development of the carbon structure of a representative coal char has also been studied. A similar investigation has also been carried out to study the effect of heat-treatment temperature (from 1300 to 2000{sup o}C) and gasification on the carbon structure of a typical metallurgical coke. Two Raman spectral parameters, the intensity ratio of the D band to the G band (I{sub D}/I{sub G}) and the intensity ratio of the valley between D and G bands to the G band (I{sub V}/I{sub G}), have been found useful in assessing changes in carbon structure. An increase in I{sub D}/I{sub G} indicates the growth of basic graphene structural units across the temperature range studied. A decrease in I{sub V}/I{sub G} appears to suggest the elimination of amorphous carbonaceous materials and ordering of the overall carbon structure. The Raman spectral differences observed between coal chars and metallurgical cokes are considered to result from the difference in the time-temperature history between the raw injectant coal and the metallurgical coke and may lay the basis for differentiation between metallurgical coke fines and coal char residues present in the dust carried over the top of the blast furnace. 41 refs., 17 figs., 3 tabs.

S. Dong; P. Alvarez; N. Paterson; D.R. Dugwell; R. Kandiyoti [Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom). Department of Chemical Engineering

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Transformer Efficiency Assessment - Okinawa, Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Army Engineering & Support Center, Huntsville (USAESCH), and the US Marine Corps Base (MCB), Okinawa, Japan retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a Transformer Efficiency Assessment of “key” transformers located at multiple military bases in Okinawa, Japan. The purpose of this assessment is to support the Marine Corps Base, Okinawa in evaluating medium voltage distribution transformers for potential efficiency upgrades. The original scope of work included the MCB providing actual transformer nameplate data, manufacturer’s factory test sheets, electrical system data (kWh), demand data (kWd), power factor data, and electricity cost data. Unfortunately, the MCB’s actual data is not available and therefore making it necessary to de-scope the original assessment. Note: Any similar nameplate data, photos of similar transformer nameplates, and basic electrical details from one-line drawings (provided by MCB) are not a replacement for actual load loss test data. It is recommended that load measurements are performed on the high and low sides of transformers to better quantify actual load losses, demand data, and power factor data. We also recommend that actual data, when available, be inserted by MCB Okinawa where assumptions have been made and then the LCC analysis updated. This report covers a generalized assessment of modern U.S. transformers in a three level efficiency category, Low-Level efficiency, Medium-Level efficiency, and High-Level efficiency.

Thomas L. Baldwin; Robert J. Turk; Kurt S. Myers; Jake P. Gentle; Jason W. Bush

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Transformer Efficiency Assessment - Okinawa, Japan  

SciTech Connect

The US Army Engineering & Support Center, Huntsville (USAESCH), and the US Marine Corps Base (MCB), Okinawa, Japan retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a Transformer Efficiency Assessment of “key” transformers located at multiple military bases in Okinawa, Japan. The purpose of this assessment is to support the Marine Corps Base, Okinawa in evaluating medium voltage distribution transformers for potential efficiency upgrades. The original scope of work included the MCB providing actual transformer nameplate data, manufacturer’s factory test sheets, electrical system data (kWh), demand data (kWd), power factor data, and electricity cost data. Unfortunately, the MCB’s actual data is not available and therefore making it necessary to de-scope the original assessment. Note: Any similar nameplate data, photos of similar transformer nameplates, and basic electrical details from one-line drawings (provided by MCB) are not a replacement for actual load loss test data. It is recommended that load measurements are performed on the high and low sides of transformers to better quantify actual load losses, demand data, and power factor data. We also recommend that actual data, when available, be inserted by MCB Okinawa where assumptions have been made and then the LCC analysis updated. This report covers a generalized assessment of modern U.S. transformers in a three level efficiency category, Low-Level efficiency, Medium-Level efficiency, and High-Level efficiency.

Thomas L. Baldwin; Robert J. Turk; Kurt S. Myers; Jake P. Gentle; Jason W. Bush

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Research on Differential Protection of Power Transformer Based Wavelet Transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article introduces wavelet analysis theory to identify inrush and internal fault correctly. The wavelet transform has the characteristic of multi-scale analysis and good time and frequency domain localization, fits to extract sudden-change signals ...

Yang Long; Li Donghui

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Transformational Manufacturing | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transformational Manufacturing Transformational Manufacturing Argonne's new Advanced Battery Materials Synthesis and Manufacturing R&D Program focuses on scalable process R&D to produce advanced battery materials in sufficient quantity for industrial testing. The U.S. manufacturing industry consumes more than 30 quadrillion Btu of energy per year, directly employs about 12 million people and generates another 7 million jobs in related businesses. Argonne is working with industry to develop innovative and transformational technology to improve the efficiency and competitiveness of domestic manufacturing while reducing its carbon footprint. The lab's efforts concentrate on sustainable manufacturing, applied nanotechnology and distributed energy, with an emphasis on transitioning science discoveries to the market.

150

Trace metal transformation in gasification  

SciTech Connect

The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) is carrying out an investigation that will provide methods to predict the fate of selected trace elements in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) systems to aid in the development of methods to control the emission of trace elements determined to be air toxics. The goal of this project is to identify the effects of critical chemical and physical transformations associated with trace element behavior in IGCC and IGFC systems. The trace elements included in this project are arsenic, chromium, cadmium, mercury, nickel, selenium, and lead. The research seeks to identify and fill, experimentally and/or theoretically, data gaps that currently exist on the fate and composition of trace elements. The specific objectives are to 1) review the existing literature to identify the type and quantity of trace elements from coal gasification systems, 2) perform laboratory-scale experimentation and computer modeling to enable prediction of trace element emissions, and 3) identify methods to control trace element emissions.

Benson, S.A.; Erickson, T.A.; Zygarlicke, C.J.; O`Keefe, C.A.; Katrinak, K.A.; Allen, S.E.; Hassett, D.J.; Hauserman, W.B. [North Dakota Univ., Grand Forks, ND (United States). Energy and Environmental Research Center; Holcombe, N.T. [USDOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

151

Trace metal transformations in gasification  

SciTech Connect

The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) is carrying out an investigation that will provide methods to predict the fate of selected trace elements in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) systems to aid in the development of methods to control the emission of trace elements determined to be air toxics. The goal of this project is to identify the effects of critical chemical and physical transformations associated with trace element behavior in IGCC and IGFC systems. The trace elements included in this project are arsenic, chromium, cadmium, mercury, nickel, selenium, and lead. The research seeks to identify and fill, experimentally and/or theoretically, data gaps that currently exist on the fate and composition of trace elements. The specific objectives are to (1) review the existing literature to identify the type and quantity of trace elements from coal gasification systems, (2) perform laboratory-scale experimentation and computer modeling to enable prediction of trace element emissions, and (3) identify methods to control trace element emissions.

Benson, S.; Erickson, T.A.; Zygarlicke, C.J. [and others

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Transforms for the Motion Compensation Residual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Discrete-Cosine-Transform (DCT) is the most widely used transform in image and video compression. Its use in image compression is often justified by the notion that it is the statistically optimal transform for first-order ...

Kamisli, Fatih

153

Reusable and correct endogenous model transformations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Correctness of model transformations is a prerequisite for generating correct implementations from models. Given refining model transformations that preserve desirable properties, models can be transformed into correct-by-construction implementations. ...

Suzana Andova; Mark G. J. van den Brand; Luc Engelen

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Mineral Transformation and Biomass Accumulation Associated With  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mineral Transformation and Biomass Accumulation Associated With Uranium Bioremediation at Rifle transformation and biomass accumulation, both of which can alter the flow field and potentially bioremediation to understand the biogeochemical processes and to quantify the biomass and mineral transformation/ accumulation

Hubbard, Susan

155

Substation distribution transformers failures and spares  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utilities should have a sufficient number of spare transformers to backup substation distribution transformers to replace transformers that fail and require factory rebuild or replacement. To identify such a number, the statistical methodology was developed to analyze available failure data for different groups of transformer. That methodology enables the estimation of future numbers of failures with associated probabilities, recommends the proper number of spares, identifies the necessity and shows the means to shorten the transformer`s replacement time.

Kogan, V.I. Roeger, C.J.; Tipton, D.E. [American Electric Power Service Corp., Columbus, OH (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Inducing Transformational Energy Technological Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing risks of severe climate change in the latter part of the 20th Century is likely to require not only incremental improvements in known energy technologies, but the discovery of transformational new energy technologies. This paper reviews current knowledge about both demand and supply aspects of the challenge of accelerating transformational change, considering both economic and policy incentives, including targeted government funding of research and development, and several other schools of thought about drivers of scientific discovery and innovation.

Wilbanks, Thomas J [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

High-Tech Buildings - Market Transformation Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tech Buildings - Market Transformation Project Title High-Tech Buildings - Market Transformation Project Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-49112 Year of Publication...

158

NREL: Technology Deployment - Deployment and Market Transformation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deployment Search More Search Options Site Map Printable Version Deployment and Market Transformation Email Updates NREL's deployment and market transformation email updates...

159

TRANSFORMING ELECTRICITY DELIVERY | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TRANSFORMING ELECTRICITY DELIVERY TRANSFORMING ELECTRICITY DELIVERY Designing research, development, and demonstration programs based on a future look at electric power delivery...

160

National Electric Delivery Technologies Roadmap: Transforming...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delivery Technologies Roadmap: Transforming the Grid to Revolutionize Electric Power in North America National Electric Delivery Technologies Roadmap: Transforming the Grid to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Power Efficiency through Application-Specific Instruction Memory Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The instruction memory communication path constitutes a significant amount of power consumption in embedded processors. We propose an encoding technique that exploits application information to reduce the associated power consumption. The microarchitectural support enables reprogrammability of the encoding transformations so as to track code particularities effectively. The restriction to functional transformations enables effective coding while delivering major power savings, in the process obviating furthermore the necessity to rely on dictionary lookup, one of the major shortcomings of prior approaches. The frugal functional transformation, reliant on a single bit logic gate, introduces no impact to the critical fetch stage of the processor pipeline while delivering fully all the theoretically achievable power savings. The reprogrammable hardware implementation enables flexible and inexpensive switches between the transformations. Extensive experimental results on numerical and DSP codes confirm the theoretically expected magnitude of power savings, evincing reductions that range up to half of the original transitions.

Peter Petrov; Alex Orailoglu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

An approach for exploring code improving transformations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although code transformations are routinely applied to improve the performance of programs for both scalar and parallel machines, the properties of code-improving transformations are not well understood. In this article we present a framework that enables ... Keywords: automatic generation of optimizers, code-improving transformations, enabling and disabling of optimizations, parallelizing transformations, specification of program optimizations

Deborah L. Whitfield; Mary Lou Soffa

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Transform Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transform Solar Transform Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Transform Solar Place Boise, Idaho Product Idaho-based PV module maker and joint venture between Micron and Origin Energy. Coordinates 43.60698°, -116.193409° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.60698,"lon":-116.193409,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

164

Towards a Number Theoretic Discrete Hilbert Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach for the development of a number theoretic discrete Hilbert transform. The forward transformation has been applied by taking the odd reciprocals that occur in the DHT matrix with respect to a power of 2. Specifically, the expression for a 16-point transform is provided and results of a few representative signals are provided. The inverse transform is the inverse of the forward 16-point matrix. But at this time the inverse transform is not identical to the forward transform and, therefore, our proposed number theoretic transform must be taken as a provisional result.

Kandregula, Renuka

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Amorphous Metal Transformer: Next Steps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Amorphous-metal transformers were developed through EPRI in the early 1980's. Over the next 15 years, US electric utilities bought and installed over 500,000 units and had satisfactory field experience. The demand for this product disappeared in North America late in the 1990's as deregulation set-in. Globally, this product has been in use, and its acceptance has been increasing. This paper describes the current state of amorphous transformer activities globally. An analysis using US Department of Energy...

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

166

Conditioned Unitary Transformation on biphotons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A conditioned unitary transformation ($90^o$ polarization rotation) is performed at single-photon level. The transformation is realized by rotating polarization for one of the photons of a polarization-entangled biphoton state (signal photon) by means of a Pockel's cell triggered by the detection of the other (idler) photon after polarization selection. As a result, polarization degree for the signal beam changes from zero to the value given by the idler detector quantum efficiency. This result is relevant to practical realization of various quantum information schemes and can be used for developing a new method of absolute quantum efficiency calibration.

G. Brida; M. Chekhova; M. Genovese; M. Gramegna; L. Krivitsky; S. Kulik

2003-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

167

Collective Neutrino Flavor Transformation In Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine coherent active-active channel neutrino flavor evolution in environments where neutrino-neutrino forward scattering can engender large-scale collective flavor transformation. We point out a key quantity, the "total effective energy", which is conserved in several important regimes. Using this concept, we analyze collective neutrino and antineutrino flavor oscillation in the "synchronized" mode and what we term the "bi-polar" mode. We thereby are able to explain why large collective flavor mixing can develop on short timescales even when vacuum mixing angles are small in, e.g., a dense gas of initially pure $\

Huaiyu Duan; George M. Fuller; Yong-Zhong Qian

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

168

Image capture system colors transforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to simulate the colors transforms of the reflected light from an illuminated object that passes trough an image capture system. We are interested to see the colors differences at the output of each component from which the light ... Keywords: CIE standards, human eye response, lenses and filters transmittance, spectral images

Toadere Florin

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Coupled diffusional/displacive transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.~...., 0 OJII <- OM -1G1d /J mole Figure 2.2: Illustration of the dependence of interfacial composition x I on the interfacial dissipation Gid for a Fe-0.2C wt.% transformed at 486 QC . Bl and B2 are the coefficients...

Mujahid, Shafiq Ahmad

170

Scalable spectral transforms at petascale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, I describe a framework for spectral transforms called P3DFFT, and its extended features and applications. I discuss the scaling seen on petascale platforms, and directions and some results of the ongoing work on improving performance, ... Keywords: community applications, high performance computing (HPC), numerical libraries, open source software, parallel performance, petascale, scalability, two-dimensional decomposition

Dmitry Pekurovsky

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Filter Properties of Spectral transformations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, a special group of global spherical coordinate transformations has been introduced in order to focus attention on the interactions of an enlarged spectral band of only one selected area, while de-focusing the rest of the globe and thus ...

Frank Schmidt

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Security-oriented program transformations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Security experts generally believe that, "security cannot be added on, it must be designed from the beginning" [1]. This is because the typical way of improving system security by patches is ad hoc and has not produced good results. My work shows that ... Keywords: program transformation, security

Munawar Hafiz; Ralph E. Johnson

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Methods of Using Alpha Channeling Together with Transformer Recharging |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methods of Using Alpha Channeling Together with Transformer Recharging Methods of Using Alpha Channeling Together with Transformer Recharging A tokamak current can be sustained using rf waves for transformer recharging at low density and high-Z with high efficiency if the resistivity is kept high enough during the radio frequency recharging stage. At the same time, operation in the hot ion mode via alpha channeling increases the effective fusion reactivity. The two separate inventions can be made to work synergistically. Specifically, by operating the tokamak in a low-density recharge phase, the lower hybrid wave penetrates the plasma more effectively. High reactivity is obtained by operation in the hot ion mode through the alpha channeling technique. Then, by using a high temperature relaxation stage, not only is the plasma current sustained

174

Novel Sensor for Transformer Diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report details the progress made in the detection of acetylene and hydrogen gas dissolved in oil using novel methods of optical fiber sensing. Of note in this report are the sensitivity and resolution enhancements of the two sensing methods as well as the construction of a field-testable prototype. The sensor’s non-sensitivity to several other gases commonly found in insulating transformer oil is also described. With some further development, the resolution of gas detection can still be ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

175

Entanglement transformations using separable operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study conditions for the deterministic transformation $\\ket{\\psi}\\longrightarrow\\ket{\\phi}$ of a bipartite entangled state by a separable operation. If the separable operation is a local operation with classical communication (LOCC), Nielsen's majorization theorem provides necessary and sufficient conditions. For the general case we derive a necessary condition in terms of products of Schmidt coefficients, which is equivalent to the Nielsen condition when either of the two factor spaces is of dimension 2, but is otherwise weaker. One implication is that no separable operation can reverse a deterministic map produced by another separable operation, if one excludes the case where the Schmidt coefficients of $\\ket{\\psi}$ and are the same as those of $\\ket{\\phi}$. The question of sufficient conditions in the general separable case remains open. When the Schmidt coefficients of $\\ket{\\psi}$ are the same as those of $\\ket{\\phi}$, we show that the Kraus operators of the separable transformation restricted to the supports of $\\ket{\\psi}$ on the factor spaces are proportional to unitaries. When that proportionality holds and the factor spaces have equal dimension, we find conditions for the deterministic transformation of a collection of several full Schmidt rank pure states $\\ket{\\psi_j}$ to pure states $\\ket{\\phi_j}$.

Vlad Gheorghiu; Robert B. Griffiths

2007-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

176

Nonlinear transform coding with lossless polar coordinates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In conventional transform coding, the importance of preserving desirable quantization partition cell shapes prevents one from considering the use of a nonlinear change of variables. If no linear transformation of a given ...

Ba, Demba Elimane

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Transforms for prediction residuals in video coding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Typically the same transform, the 2-D Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), is used to compress both image intensities in image coding and prediction residuals in video coding. Major prediction residuals include the motion ...

Kam??l?, Fatih

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Numerical Transform Inversion Using Gaussian Quadrature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical inversion of Laplace transforms is a powerful tool in computational probability. It greatly enhances the applicability of stochastic models in many fields. In this article we present a simple Laplace transform inversion algorithm that can compute ...

Peter Den Iseger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Vertical Normal Mode Transforms: Theory and Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The separation of the vertical structure of the, solutions of the primitive (hydrostatic) meteorological equations is formalized as a vertical normal-mode transform. The transform is implemented for arbitrary static stability profiles by the ...

Scott R. Fulton; Wayne H. Schubert

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

On the Minkowski-Funk Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this paper is the history of the Minkowski-Funk Transform. After introducing the Minkowski-Funk Transform as well as its dual transform and a generalization of both, we will present an inversion formula of the Minkowski-Funk Transform. Then we will discuss the history of this problem: related work by Minkowski and Funk and the connection between their work.

Dann, Susanna

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Computational Thermodynamics and Phase Transformations - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Computational Thermodynamics and Phase Transformations ... Computation also provides a powerful tool for increasing basic understanding ...

182

Catalyst-assisted Probabilistic Entanglement Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are concerned with catalyst-assisted probabilistic entanglement transformations. A necessary and sufficient condition is presented under which there exist partial catalysts that can increase the maximal transforming probability of a given entanglement transformation. We also design an algorithm which leads to an efficient method for finding the most economical partial catalysts with minimal dimension. The mathematical structure of catalyst-assisted probabilistic transformation is carefully investigated.

Yuan Feng; Runyao Duan; Mingsheng Ying

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

183

Simulation of Top Oil Temperature for Transformers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of Top Oil Temperature for Transformers Masters Thesis and Final Project Report Power-Oil Temperature for Transformers Thesis and Final Report Yong Liang PSERC Publication 01-21 February 2001 #12 for the PSERC project "On-Line Peak Loading of Substation Distribution Transformers Through Accurate Temperature

184

Canonical transformations for fermions in superanalysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Canonical transformations (Bogoliubov transformations) for fermions with an infinite number of degrees of freedom are studied within a calculus of superanalysis. A continuous representation of the orthogonal group is constructed on a Grassmann module extension of the Fock space. The pull-back of these operators to the Fock space yields a unitary ray representation of the group that implements the Bogoliubov transformations.

Joachim Kupsch

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

185

Transformation Optics in Nonvacuum Initial Dielectric Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous formulations of transformation optics have generally been restricted to transformations from relatively simple initial media, such as the vacuum, because of limitations due to their non-covariance. I show that a completely covariant approach enables arbitrary transformations from arbitrarily complex initial linear dielectrics.

Thompson, Robert T

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

AALBORGUNIVERSITY DEPARTMENTOFENERGY TECHNOLOGY Transformer in series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AALBORGUNIVERSITY­ DEPARTMENTOFENERGY TECHNOLOGY Transformer in series Filipe Miguel Faria Da that corresponds to a neighbour transformer. Both loads are 3-phase loads, which can be unbalanced to generated. The harmonics are generated inside the farm, thus, the current source is grounded at the transformer's neutral

Silva, Filipe Faria Da

187

Gravity Transform for Input Conditioning in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity Transform for Input Conditioning in Brain Machine Interfaces António R. C. Paiva, José C. Motivation 2. Methods i. Gravity Transform ii. Modeling and output sensitivity analysis 3. Data Analysis #12;3 Outline 1. Motivation 2. Methods i. Gravity Transform ii. Modeling and output sensitivity analysis 3. Data

Paiva, António R. C.

188

Moment invariants to affine transformation of colours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most colour descriptors are not robust because they are constructed for simple colour transformations, such as a diagonal-offset transformation. In this paper, a type of colour descriptor is proposed which is composed of rational expression of moments ... Keywords: Affine transformation, Colour, Image retrieval, Moment invariants, Pattern recognition

Ming Gong, Hua Li, Weiguo Cao

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

A nonlinear lumped parameter model for transient studies of single-phase core form transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power transformers, in service, are subjected to voltage transients. The transformer insulation should be designed to withstand the internal stresses initiated by these transients. To determine these stresses during the design stage, lumped parameter models of the transformer are employed. Computer models are the best tools for predetermination of these stresses. To date, in spite of the great efforts employed, lack of accurate and consistent transformer models are felt to contribute to the relatively high failure rate of the EHV transformers. This thesis is based on a detailed transformer model developed by G.E. for transformer insulation design. Although this model has provided the designer a suitable tool for transient study during design stage, it assumed a linear characteristic for iron core and employed an empirical method to model damping effect of transformer losses. It is felt that the core`s non-linear magnetic characteristic has an appreciable effect on the transformers transient response. This thesis develops a detailed transformer model which accurately models the nonlinear, saturable, characteristic of transformer magnetic core. The model is based on linearization of the core`s saturable characteristic during each time interval of solution. Then the linear model is solved within that interval and based on the magnetizing flux in the core, the inductance model is adjusted for the next time interval of solution, and the updated linear model is solved for the interval. A stable solution routine is developed to solve the nonlinear model`s system of O.D.E.`s. Supplementary features needed for transformer design such as external circuits, switches and nonlinear resistors are developed for this solution routine. The necessary methods are developed for verification of the linear transformer model in the frequency domain.

Vakilian, M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Continuous Wavelet Transform in Quantum Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the application of the continuous wavelet transform to calculation of the Green functions in quantum field theory: scalar $\\phi^4$ theory, quantum electrodynamics, quantum chromodynamics. The method of continuous wavelet transform in quantum field theory presented in M.Altaisky Phys. Rev. D81(2010)125003 for the scalar $\\phi^4$ theory, consists in substitution of the local fields $\\phi(x)$ by those dependent on both the position $x$ and the resolution $a$. The substitution of the action $S[\\phi(x)]$ by the action $S[\\phi_a(x)]$ makes the local theory into nonlocal one, and implies the causality conditions related to the scale $a$, the region causality C. Christensen and L. Crane, J.Math. Phys 46 (2005) 122502. These conditions make the Green functions $G(x_1,a_1,..., x_n,a_n)= $ finite for any given set of regions by means of an effective cutoff scale $A=\\min (a_1,...,a_n)$.

Altaisky, Mikhail V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Overpotential-Dependent Phase Transformation Pathways  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An objective in battery development for higher storage energy density is the design of compounds that can accommodate maximum changes in ion concentration over useful electrochemical windows. Not surprisingly, many storage compounds undergo phase transitions in situ, including production of metastable phases. Unique to this environment is the frequent application of electrical over- and underpotentials, which are the electrical analogs to undercooling and superheating. Surprisingly, overpotential effects on phase stability and transformation mechanisms have not been studied in detail. Here we use synchrotron X-ray diffraction performed in situ during potentiostatic and galvanostatic cycling, combined with phase-field modeling, to reveal a remarkable dependence of phase transition pathway on overpotential in the model olivine Li{sub 1-x}FePO{sub 4}. For a sample of particle size {approx}113 nm, at both low (e.g., 75 mV) overpotentials a crystal-to-crystal olivine transformation dominates, whereas at intermediate overpotentials a crystalline-to-amorphous phase transition is preferred. As particle sizes decrease to the nanoscale, amorphization is further emphasized. Implications for battery use and design are considered.

Y Kao; M Tang; N Meethong; J Bai; W Carter; Y Chiang

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

192

A Superconducting transformer system for high current cable testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Superconducting Transformer System for High Current CableDC) superconducting transformer system for the high currentsuperconducting cables. The transformer consists of a core-

Godeke, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Feasibility of SF6 Gas-Insulated Transformers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas-insulated transformers (GIT) Gas-insulated transformer benefits Gas-insulated transformer concerns Risks and Unknowns Questions? BUILDING STRONG PORTLAND...

194

A Novel Discriminative Approach Based on Hidden Markov Models and Wavelet Transform to Transformer Protection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a combinatorial scheme based on hidden Markov models (HMM) and wavelet transform (WT) to discriminate between magnetizing inrush currents and internal faults in power transformers. HMMs are powerful tools for transient classification ... Keywords: differential protection, discrete hidden Markov models, discrete wavelet transform, inrush current, internal fault, power transformer, signal classification.

Saeed Jazebi; Behrooz Vahidi; Seyed Hossein Hosseinian

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Grid Transformation Workshop Results Grid Transformation Workshop Results 2 April 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grid Transformation Workshop Results April 2012 #12;Grid Transformation Workshop Results 2 April 2012 Grid Transformation Workshop Results plications. We will explore the basics of data modeling Transformation Workshop: Advanced Reading Material Product ID 1024659. The material in this report builds upon

196

Ruler measurements give space-time-transformation-independent invariant lengths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two thought experiments are described in which ruler measurements of spatial intervals are performed in different reference frames. They demonstrate that such intervals are frame-independent as well as independent of the nature of the space-time transformation equations. As explained in detail elsewhere, the `length contraction' effect of conventional special relativity theory is therefore spurious and unphysical.

J. H. Field

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

197

Backlund Transformations for Darboux Integrable Differential Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a new mechanism for constructing Backlund transformations by using symmetry reduction of differential systems. We then characterize a family of Backlund transformations between Darboux integrable systems where the Backlund transformation can be constructed by the proposed symmetry reduction method. It is then shown that the well-known Backlund transformations between Darboux integrable Monge-Ampere systems can all be constructed using group quotients. A simple group theoretical argument leads to a non-existence result for Backlund transformations which disagrees with Theorem 1 in arXiv:0707.4408v2. A variety of examples are given.

Anderson, Ian M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Gale transform of a starshaped sphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gale transform is a simple but powerful tool in convex geometry. In particular, the use of Gale transform is the main argument in the classification of polytopes with few vertices. Many books and documents cover the definition of Gale transform and its main properties related to convex polytopes. But it seems that there does not exist document studying the Gale transform of more general objects, such that triangulation of spheres. In this paper, we study the properties of the Gale transform of a large class of such spheres called starshaped spheres.

Tambour, Jerome

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Nonferromagnetic linear variable differential transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nonferromagnetic linear variable differential transformer for accurately measuring mechanical displacements in the presence of high magnetic fields is provided. The device utilizes a movable primary coil inside a fixed secondary coil that consists of two series-opposed windings. Operation is such that the secondary output voltage is maintained in phase (depending on polarity) with the primary voltage. The transducer is well-suited to long cable runs and is useful for measuring small displacements in the presence of high or alternating magnetic fields.

Ellis, James F. (Powell, TN); Walstrom, Peter L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1977-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

200

High flux solar energy transformation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are multi-stage systems for high flux transformation of solar energy allowing for uniform solar intensification by a factor of 60,000 suns or more. Preferred systems employ a focusing mirror as a primary concentrative device and a non-imaging concentrator as a secondary concentrative device with concentrative capacities of primary and secondary stages selected to provide for net solar flux intensification of greater than 2000 over 95 percent of the concentration area. Systems of the invention are readily applied as energy sources for laser pumping and in other photothermal energy utilization processes. 7 figures.

Winston, R.; Gleckman, P.L.; O' Gallagher, J.J.

1991-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

About three important transformations groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present paper we introduce the concepts of conformal metrical d-structure and of conformal metrical N-linear connection with respect to the conformal metrical d-structure, corresponding to an 1-form on a generalized Hamilton space. We determine ... Keywords: N-linear connection, conformal metrical N-linear connection, conformal metrical d-structure, invariants, metrical N-linear connection, metrical d-structure, nonlinear connection, second order cotangent bundle, semisymmetric conformal metrical N-linear connection, subgroup, transformations group

Monica A. P. Purcaru; Mirela Târnoveanu; Laura Ciupal?

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

High flux solar energy transformation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are multi-stage systems for high flux transformation of solar energy allowing for uniform solar intensification by a factor of 60,000 suns or more. Preferred systems employ a focusing mirror as a primary concentrative device and a non-imaging concentrator as a secondary concentrative device with concentrative capacities of primary and secondary stages selected to provide for net solar flux intensification of greater than 2000 over 95 percent of the concentration area. Systems of the invention are readily applied as energy sources for laser pumping and in other photothermal energy utilization processes.

Winston, Roland (Chicago, IL); Gleckman, Philip L. (Chicago, IL); O' Gallagher, Joseph J. (Flossmoor, IL)

1991-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

203

The IHS Transformations Based Image Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The IHS sharpening technique is one of the most commonly used techniques for sharpening. Different transformations have been developed to transfer a color image from the RGB space to the IHS space. Through literature, it appears that, various scientists proposed alternative IHS transformations and many papers have reported good results whereas others show bad ones as will as not those obtained which the formula of IHS transformation were used. In addition to that, many papers show different formulas of transformation matrix such as IHS transformation. This leads to confusion what is the exact formula of the IHS transformation?. Therefore, the main purpose of this work is to explore different IHS transformation techniques and experiment it as IHS based image fusion. The image fusion performance was evaluated, in this study, using various methods to estimate the quality and degree of information improvement of a fused image quantitatively.

Al-Wassai, Firouz Abdullah; Al-Zuky, Ali A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Energy Department Announces $66 Million for Transformational Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

66 Million for Transformational Energy 66 Million for Transformational Energy Technologies Energy Department Announces $66 Million for Transformational Energy Technologies September 19, 2013 - 3:30pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON- Deputy Director Cheryl Martin today announced that 33 breakthrough energy projects will receive approximately $66 million from the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) under two new programs that provide options for a more sustainable and secure American future. One program, Modern Electro/Thermochemical Advancements for Light-metal Systems (METALS), provides $32 million to find cost-effective and energy-efficient manufacturing techniques to process and recycle metals for lightweight vehicles. The other program, Reducing Emissions using

205

Role of dense matter in collective supernova neutrino transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For neutrinos streaming from a supernova (SN) core, dense matter suppresses self-induced flavor transformations if the electron density n_e significantly exceeds the neutrino density n_nu in the conversion region. If n_e is comparable to n_nu one finds multi-angle decoherence, whereas the standard self-induced transformation behavior requires that in the transformation region n_nu is safely above n_e. This condition need not be satisfied in the early phase after supernova core bounce. Our new multi-angle effect is a subtle consequence of neutrinos traveling on different trajectories when streaming from a source that is not point-like.

A. Esteban-Pretel; A. Mirizzi; S. Pastor; R. Tomas; G. G. Raffelt; P. D. Serpico; G. Sigl

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

206

General Transformations of Space and Time according to Aether Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assuming the existence of a preferred aether frame and the anisotropy of the one-way speed of light in platforms different from the aether frame, we derive the space and time transformations relative to bodies moving in any direction of space and not only in the direction of the common x-axis of the co-ordinate systems under consideration. Taking for granted length contraction and clock retardation, we show that the experimental space-time transformations result from measurement distortions due to the fact that the length of the rods and the frequency of the clocks, used for the measure, do not have a constant value as a result of their motion through the aether, and because the standard synchronization procedures are affected by a synchronism discrepancy effect. When the motion of bodies is aligned along the common x-axis, the transformations assume the same mathematical form as the conventional transformations. However, their meaning is quite different because they have been derived on the basis of very different assumptions, and they arise from the measurement distortions mentioned above. Therefore they conceal hidden variables which are the true transformations.

Joseph Levy

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

207

Synthesizing Transformations for Locality Enhancement of Imperfectly-Nested Loop Nests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear loop transformations and tiling are known to be very effective for enhancing locality of reference in perfectly-nested loops. However, they cannot be applied directly to imperfectly-nested loops. Some compilers attempt to convert imperfectly-nested ... Keywords: automatic locality enhancement, caches, imperfectly-nested loops, program transformation, restructuring compilers

Nawaaz Ahmed; Nikolay Mateev; Keshav Pingali

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Power Transformer Fault Diagnosis Based on Integrated of Rough Set Theory and Evidence Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When using chromatography data analysis in diagnosis of power transformer fault, fault information cannot be make full use, which can't effectively discover knowledge hidden in data. In this paper a method integreted of rough set theory and evidence ... Keywords: Rough Set, Evidence Theory, Power Transformer, Fault Diagnosis

Zhou Ai-Hua, Yao Yi, Song Hong, Zeng Xiao-Hui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Low dose radiation combines with the Src oncoprotein to transform  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

radiation combines with the Src oncoprotein to transform radiation combines with the Src oncoprotein to transform pre-malignant human breast cells Paul Yaswen Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Goal: Determine whether low dose radiation exerts persistent epigenetic effects that promote malignancy. Background and Significance: Some persistent carcinogenic effects of radiation may not be traceable to specific DNA sequence alterations and may not be linearly related to dose. Through the biochemical initiation of positive feedback loops, ionization-induced events may have heritable non-linear effects on cellular behavior. Inflammatory responses involving the transcription factor NFκB may be subject to such effects. Increased NFκB activity has been strongly linked to carcinogenesis in a number of published in vitro and in vivo studies (reviewed in [1]). Since radiation

210

Microsoft PowerPoint - SWPA Transformer Oil Spill Risk Final...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Information UtilizationLoad Information UtilizationLoad Information Transformer Information Transformer Information Oil information Oil information Site Topography...

211

Identification of stratigraphic formation interfaces using wavelet and Fourier transforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to identify the formation interfaces from geophysical well log data using the wavelet transform, and a combination of the wavelet transform and the Fourier transform methods. In the wavelet transform method, the identification ... Keywords: Formation interface, Fourier transform, Geophysical well log, Stratigraphic interface, Wavelet transform

Shih-Yu Pan; Bieng-Zih Hsieh; Ming-Tar Lu; Zsay-Shing Lin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

ADVANCED NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report of Report of ADVANCED NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE of the NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE 24 October 2003 BURTON RICHTER, CHAIR DARLEANE C. HOFFMAN SEKAZI K. MTINGWA RONALD P. OMBERG SILVIE PILLON JOY L. REMPE I. INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY The committee met in Washington on September 16 and 17 to review progress in the program with respect to a changed set of mission priorities. Our last meeting took place in December 2002 after the reorganization that had placed the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) and the GEN IV program together in the Advanced Nuclear Research Office (AN-20). Since mission priorities have been evolving, the committee felt that it should wait until they have settled down before we met again. We have kept in touch

213

Decomposition Of Invertible And Conformal Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we give a geometric description for any invertible operator on a finite dimensional inner--product space. With the aid of such a description, we are able to decompose any given conformal transformation as a product of planar rotations, a planar rotation or reflection and a scalar transformation. Also, we are able to conclude that an orthogonal transformation is a product of planar rotations and a planar rotation or a reflection.

Srikanth K. V.; Raj Bhawan Yadav

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

214

The Fibonacci Sequence via the sigma transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this short article, we study different problems described as initial value problems of discrete differential equations and develop a a transform method called the sigma transform, a discrete version of the continuous Laplace transform to generate solutions as rational functions of integers to these initial value problems. Particularly we look how the method generates the traditionally known numbers called Fibonacci sequence as a solution to an initial value problem of a discrete differential equation.

Dejenie A. Lakew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Transformer Forensics Database Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has been engaged in research on forensics related to transformer failures and decommissioning. There is a need to make this information available to EPRI members in an easily accessible format. The Transformer Forensics Database provides an application to house all the information, learnings, and experiences gathered from transformers forensics studies in an easily accessible format and help maintain valuable lessons that are often lost after a failure due to operational ...

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

216

Transformer Forensics Database Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has been engaged in research on forensics related to transformer failures and decommissioning. There is a need to make this information available to EPRI members in an easily accessible format. The Transformer Forensics Database provides an application to house all the information, learnings, and experiences gathered from transformers forensics studies in an easily accessible format and help maintain valuable lessons that are often lost after a failure due to operational ...

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

217

One-way transformation of information  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are provided for one-way transformation of data according to multiplication and/or exponentiation modulo a prime number. An implementation of the invention permits the one way residue transformation, useful in encryption and similar applications, to be implemented by n-bit computers substantially with no increase in difficulty or complexity over a natural transformation thereby, using a modulus which is a power of two.

Cooper, James A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Focus Transformer Steel - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Strain Gradient and Degradation in Magnetic Properties: Focus Transformer Steel. Author(s), Satish Kumar Shekhawat, Basavaraj V., Vijay

219

An index 2F2 hypergeometric transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a new one-parameter family of index hypergeometric transforms associated with the relativistic pseudoharmonic oscillator by using coherent states analysis.

Mouayn, Zouhair

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

An index 2F2 hypergeometric transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a new one-parameter family of index hypergeometric transforms associated with the relativistic pseudoharmonic oscillator by using coherent states analysis.

Zouhair Mouayn

2011-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Integral Transforms in Relativistic Quantum Constraint Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In relativistic quantum constraint mechanics the state of a physical system is constrained to a 3-dimensional subspace of Minkowski 4-space. Fourier transformation can be used to relate this state between constraint spaces in 4-position and 4-momentum space. It is shown that integral transforms of this nature can be carried out using Lorentz-invariant 3-dimensional constraint space coordinates such that a complete equivalence class of 4-space representations can be constructed from the transform. This method is further applied to develop a relativistic generalization of the Segal-Bargmann transformation that leads to the representation of quantum systems in a three-dimensional subspace of Bargmann 4-space.

Robert J. Ducharme

2011-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

222

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Market Transformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

supporting the role that fuel cells play in our nation's energy portfolio. Through its market transformation efforts, the Fuel Cell Technologies Office seeks to accelerate the...

223

Downhole Sensor Holds Transformative Potential - Energy ...  

SiC is a class of wide-bandgap semiconducting material that holds transformative potential not only for high-temperature electronics but also for ...

224

Energy Department Announces $66 Million for Transformational...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- 34 Million REMOTE will develop transformational biological technologies to convert gas to liquids (GTL) for transportation fuels. Current synthetic gas-to-liquids conversion...

225

Wind Turbine Design Innovations Drive Industry Transformation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Turbine Design Innovations Drive Industry Transformation For more than 20 years, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has helped GE and its predecessors achieve...

226

Compositionally Dependent Displacive Transformation from Beta to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... quenching from single beta phase field. The present study primarily focuses on possibly a new class of solid-solid mixed mode beta to omega transformation ...

227

Comfort, cleanliness and convenience: The creeping transformation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and convenience: The creeping transformation of normality and what it means for energy consumption and the environment Speaker(s): Elizabeth Shove Date: April 24, 2001 -...

228

Gauge transformations in lattice chiral theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that gauge-transformation properties of correlation functions in chiral gauge theories on the finite lattice are determined in a general way.

Werner Kerler

2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

229

Analysis of parametric transformer with rectifier load  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a push-pull parametric transformer constructed using a pair of orthogonal-cores. The operating characteristics of the parametric transformer with a rectifier load were analyzed based on SPICE simulations. The analysis results show good agreement with experiment. It was found that the input surge current of the full-wave rectifier circuit with a smoothing capacitor can be compensated by the parametric transformer. Use of the parametric transformer as a power stabilizer is anticipated owing to its various functions such as for voltage regulation and overload protection.

Ichinokura, O.; Jinzenji, T. (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)); Tajima, K. (Akita Univ. (Japan))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

The feasibility of replacing or upgrading utility distribution transformers during routine maintenance  

SciTech Connect

It is estimated that electric utilities use about 40 million distribution transformers in supplying electricity to customers in the United States. Although utility distribution transformers collectively have a high average efficiency, they account for approximately 61 billion kWh of the 229 billion kWh of energy lost annually in the delivery of electricity. Distribution transformers are being replaced over time by new, more efficient, lower-loss units during routine utility maintenance of power distribution systems. Maintenance is typically not performed on units in service. However, units removed from service with appreciable remaining life are often refurbished and returned to stock. Distribution transformers may be removed from service for many reasons, including failure, over- or underloading, or line upgrades such as voltage changes or rerouting. When distribution transformers are removed from service, a decision must be made whether to dispose of the transformer and purchase a lower-loss replacement or to refurbish the transformer and return it to stock for future use. This report contains findings and recommendations on replacing utility distribution transformers during routine maintenance, which is required by section 124(c) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. The objectives of the study are to evaluate the practicability, cost-effectiveness, and potential energy savings of replacing or upgrading existing transformers during routine utility maintenance and to develop recommendations on was to achieve the potential energy savings.

Barnes, P.R.; Van Dyke, J.W.; McConnell, B.W.; Cohn, S.M.; Purucker, S.L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

EPRI Transformer Guidebook Development: The Copper Book, Chapter 8 Transformer Maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Report is Chapter 8 of Kit 1021892: EPRI Transformer Guidebook Development: The Copper Book. Utilities are losing many of their subject matter experts due to retirement and downsizing. This is particularly true in the case of power transformers, so there is now a critical need for a comprehensive transformer reference book geared toward utility engineers. In 2007, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) published the technical update report Transformer Guidebook Design (1013799). That report de...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

232

Condition Monitoring and Diagnostics of Bushings, Current Transformers, and Voltage Transformers by Oil Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study was undertaken to determine the merits of oil analysis for condition monitoring and diagnostics of bushings, current, potential and voltage transformers. Oil test results and equipment information from 193 bushings, 830 current transformers, 194 potential transformers and 268 voltage transformers were analyzed. Statistical analyses was used to assigns equipment condition codes from 1 (Normal Operation) to 4 (Extreme) based on threshold limits for dissolved gas in oil results. A more recent set...

2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

233

Rice Transformation as a Means to Study Gene Expression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exceptionally effective transformation procedure has been established by using class I embryo-derived rice callus. Every treated callus clump yielded multiple independently transformed plants (average 40 plantlets). Analysis of genomic DNA blots and pollen expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) from T0 plants revealed that 64% bore a single locus T-DNA insertion in which half had one T-DNA copy. Additive transgene expression was observed fromT0 plants with GFP driven by mUbi1 promoter. Transgenic plants could be rapidly characterized by analyzing GFP pollen from T0 plants without the need for further generations or genomic DNA blot analysis. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of microspore-derived callus for generating large numbers of T-DNA haploid and doubled haploid(DH) plants has also been investigated. The established transformation procedure resulted in 100% transformation frequency for class I microspore-derived rice callus. Each callus typically yields multiple independent transgenic plants. Genomic DNA blot analysis suggested 98% of the transgenic plants are independent events. About half of the transgenic plants were identified as haploid plants, whereas half are DH hemizygous or homozygous transgenic plants. DH homozygous transgenic plants were obtained from T0plants and confirmed by pollen GFP expression and genomic blot analysis in T0transgenic DH plants. In this study, about 60% ofT0transgenic DH plants had a single locus T-DNA insertion of which 45% bore one T-DNA copy. Furthermore, in a population of over 2,000 haploid and doubled haploid T-DNA plants , about 25% showed phenotypic differences from non-transformed haploid plants. Approximately 5% were seriously phenotypically abnormal including lethal or semi-lethal mutants. This highly efficient transformation procedure using microspore-derived callus could be valuable in speeding up plant breeding and in new gene discovery. Diversification of the mUbi1 promoter led to a minimal promoter that has a similar function as the original mUbi1. Transient and stable transformation as measured from gene expression driven by the minimal promoter suggested that it has a similar function as the original wild type promoter.

Jiang, Yiming

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The dynamics of oceanic transform faults : constraints from geophysical, geochemical, and geodynamical modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Segmentation and crustal accretion at oceanic transform fault systems are investigated through a combination of geophysical data analysis and geodynamical and geochemical modeling. Chapter 1 examines the effect of fault ...

Gregg, Patricia Michelle Marie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Adaptive Sampling with the Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter. Part I: Theoretical Aspects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A suboptimal Kalman filter called the ensemble transform Kalman filter (ET KF) is introduced. Like other Kalman filters, it provides a framework for assimilating observations and also for estimating the effect of observations on forecast error ...

Craig H. Bishop; Brian J. Etherton; Sharanya J. Majumdar

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Finding Boundary Layer Top: Application of a Wavelet Covariance Transform to Lidar Backscatter Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several recent studies have utilized a Haar wavelet covariance transform to provide automated detection of the boundary layer top from lidar backscatter profiles by locating the maximum in the covariance profiles. This approach is effective where ...

Ian M. Brooks

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Schrieffer-Wolff transformation for quantum many-body systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Schrieffer-Wolff (SW) method is a version of degenerate perturbation theory in which the low-energy effective Hamiltonian H{sub eff} is obtained from the exact Hamiltonian by a unitary transformation decoupling the low-energy and high-energy subspaces. We give a self-contained summary of the SW method with a focus on rigorous results. We begin with an exact definition of the SW transformation in terms of the so-called direct rotation between linear subspaces. From this we obtain elementary proofs of several important properties of H{sub eff} such as the linked cluster theorem. We then study the perturbative version of the SW transformation obtained from a Taylor series representation of the direct rotation. Our perturbative approach provides a systematic diagram technique for computing high-order corrections to H{sub eff}. We then specialize the SW method to quantum spin lattices with short-range interactions. We establish unitary equivalence between effective low-energy Hamiltonians obtained using two different versions of the SW method studied in the literature. Finally, we derive an upper bound on the precision up to which the ground state energy of the nth-order effective Hamiltonian approximates the exact ground state energy. - Highlights: > The Schrieffer-Wolff transformation is specialized to quantum spin lattices with short-range interactions. > We provide a diagram technique for computing high-order corrections to the effective low-energy Hamiltonian. > We derive a rigorous bound on the error up to which the nth-order effective low-energy dynamics approximates the exact dynamics.

Bravyi, Sergey, E-mail: sbravyi@us.ibm.com [IBM Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 (United States); DiVincenzo, David P., E-mail: d.divincenzo@fz-juelich.de [RWTH Aachen and Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany); Loss, Daniel, E-mail: Daniel.Loss@unibas.ch [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Non-Associativity of Lorentz Transformation and Associative Reflection Symmetric Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Each of the two moving observers observes the relative velocity of the other. The two velocities should be equal and opposite. We have shown that this relativistic requirement is not fulfilled by Lorentz transformation. We have also shown that the reason is that Lorentz transformation is not associative. Reciprocal symmetric transformation is associative and fulfills relativistic requirements.

Mushfiq Ahmad; M. Shah Alam

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Point transformations in invariant difference schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we show that when two systems of differential equations admitting a symmetry group are related by a point transformation it is always possible to generate invariant schemes, one for each system, that are also related by the same transformation. This result is used to easily obtain new invariant schemes of some differential equations.

Francis Valiquette

2005-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

240

Observer and Particle Transformations and Newton's Laws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A frequently confused point in studies of symmetry violation is the distinction between observer and particle transformations. In this work, we consider a model in which a coefficient in the Standard-Model Extension leads to violations of rotation invariance in Newton's second law. The model highlights the distinction between observer and particle transformations.

T. H. Bertschinger; Natasha A. Flowers; Jay D. Tasson

2013-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

Laplace transform analysis of the carbon cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Laplace transform representation is used to describe the changes in atmospheric CO"2 in response to emissions. The formalism gives an explicit representation of generic relations that are less clear when model results are presented as numerical integrations ... Keywords: Carbon cycle, Geosequestration, Laplace transforms, Response functions

I. G. Enting

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Power Transformer Application for Wind Plant Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind power plants use power transformers to step plant output from the medium voltage of the collector system to the HV or EHV transmission system voltage. This paper discusses the application of these transformers with regard to the selection of winding configuration, MVA rating, impedance, loss evaluation, on-load tapchanger requirements, and redundancy.

Behnke, M. R. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Bloethe, W.G. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Bradt, M. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Brooks, C. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Camm, E H [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Dilling, W. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Goltz, B. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Li, J. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Niemira, J. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Nuckles, K. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Patino, J. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Reza, M [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Richardson, B. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Samaan, N. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Schoene, Jens [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Smith, Travis M [ORNL; Snyder, Isabelle B [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Walling, R. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Zahalka, G. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

On Nahm's transformation with twisted boundary conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following two different tracks, we arrive at a definition of Nahm's transformation valid for self-dual fields on the 4-dimensional torus with non-zero twist tensor.The transform is again a self-dual gauge field defined on a new torus and with non-zero twist tensor. It preserves the property of being an involution.

A. Gonzalez-Arroyo

1998-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Xi-transform for conformally flat space-time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Xi-transform is a new spinor transform arising naturally in Einstein's general relativity. Here the example of conformally flat space-time is discussed in detail. In particular it is shown that for this case, the transform coincides with two other naturally defined transforms: one a two-variable transform on the Lie group SU(2, C), the other a transform on the space of null split octaves. The key properties of the transform are developed.

George Sparling

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Tag: transformation | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

transformation transformation Tag: transformation Displaying 1 - 10 of 11... Category: News Y-12 Knows Uranium Y-12 produces many forms of uranium. More... Category: News Energy Secretary Moniz visits Y-12 Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz (at right) tours the Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility during his visit Monday to Y-12. More... Category: About Site improvements of $490 million result from FIRP The Facilities and Infrastructure Recapitalization Program has been a key component of modernization and transformation efforts at Y-12. More... Category: Nuclear Deterrence Processing Y-12's core manufacturing and processing operations are housed in decades-old buildings near or past the end of their expected life spans. More... Category: About Uranium Processing Facility An integral part of Y-12's transformation efforts and a key component

246

High Transformer ratios in collinear wakefield accelerators.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on our previous experiment that successfully demonstrated wakefield transformer ratio enhancement in a 13.625 GHz dielectric-loaded collinear wakefield accelerator using the ramped bunch train technique, we present here a redesigned experimental scheme for even higher enhancement of the efficiency of this accelerator. Design of a collinear wakefield device with a transformer ratio R2, is presented. Using a ramped bunch train (RBT) rather than a single drive bunch, the enhanced transformer ratio (ETR) technique is able to increase the transformer ratio R above the ordinary limit of 2. To match the wavelength of the fundamental mode of the wakefield with the bunch length (sigmaz=2 mm) of the new Argonne wakefield accelerator (AWA) drive gun (where the experiment will be performed), a 26.625 GHz dielectric based accelerating structure is required. This transformer ratio enhancement technique based on our dielectric-loaded waveguide design will result in a compact, high efficiency accelerating structures for future wakefield accelerators.

Power, J. G.; Conde, M.; Yusof, Z.; Gai, W.; Jing, C.; Kanreykin, A.; Schoessow, P.; High Energy Physics; Euclid Techlabs, LLC

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

General Relativistic Contributions in Transformation Optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One potentially realistic specification for devices designed with transformation optics is that they operate with high precision in curved space-time, such as Earth orbit. This raises the question of what, if any, role does space-time curvature play in determining transformation media? Transformation optics has been based on a three-vector representation of Maxwell's equations in flat Minkowski space-time. I discuss a completely covariant, manifestly four-dimensional approach that enables transformations in arbitrary space-times, and demonstrate this approach for stable circular orbits in the spherically symmetric Schwarzschild geometry. Finally, I estimate the magnitude of curvature induced contributions to satellite-borne transformation media in Earth orbit and comment on the level of precision required for metamaterial fabrication before such contributions become important.

Robert T. Thompson

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

248

Mechanically-induced phase transformations in plutonium alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, we show that mechanically-induced phase transformations can be readily achieved in two Pu-alloy systems. We have observed mechanically-induced phase transformations in both Ti-stabilized ..beta..-Pu and Ga-stabilized delta-Pu. In both of these alloys, the parent phase has been largely transformed to ..cap alpha..-Pu, and the cause of these transformations was mechanical strain introduced by the metallographic sample preparation. For the Ga alloys, x-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns were taken at about 1.5-..mu..m steps down to the undisturbed material in order to develop depth profiles of the surface damage. The proportions of ..cap alpha..-Pu and delta-Pu in the Ga alloys have been estimated using (a) a new quantitative phase analysis program (SPECQUAN) that uses multiple peaks of each phase in order to minimize the effects of preferred orientation and (b) an older manual technique (i.e., hand calculations). The results from these techniques are compared. SPECQUAN was developed to use the SPECPLOT data file structure directly, thus reducing our data processing. The program is written in Fortran 77 and employs an external intensity ratio quantification procedure to obtain its results. XRD calibration has been done independently by means of accurate density measurements on a reference Ga alloy. 12 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Wallace, P.L.; Wien, W.L.; Goehner, R.P.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Relation Between Catalyst-assisted Entanglement Transformation and Multiple-copy Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that in some cases, catalyst-assisted entanglement transformation cannot be implemented by multiple-copy transformation for pure states. This fact, together with the result we obtained in [R. Y. Duan, Y. Feng, X. Li, and M. S. Ying, Phys. Rev. A 71, 042319 (2005)] that the latter can be completely implemented by the former, indicates that catalyst-assisted transformation is strictly more powerful than multiple-copy transformation. For purely probabilistic setting we find, however, these two kinds of transformations are geometrically equivalent in the sense that the sets of pure states which can be converted into a given pure state with maximal probabilities not less than a given value have the same closure, no matter catalyst-assisted transformation or multiple-copy transformation is used.

Yuan Feng; Runyao Duan; Mingsheng Ying

2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

250

Inverse Transformation Optics and Reflection Analysis for Two-Dimensional Finite Embedded Coordinate Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse transformation optics is introduced, and used to calculate the boundary reflection of a two-dimensional (2D) finite embedded coordinate transformation which is discontinuous at the boundary. For an electromagnetic excitation of particular polarization, many pairs of original medium (in a virtual space) and transformation function can give exactly the same anisotropic medium through a conventional procedure of transformation optics. Non-uniqueness of these pairs is then exploited for the analysis and calculation of the boundary reflection. The reflection at the boundary of the anisotropic transformation medium (associated with vacuum in the virtual space) is converted to the simple reflection between two isotropic media in a virtual space by a new transformation continuous at the boundary. A necessary condition for reflectionless boundary of finite embedded coordinate transformation is found as a special case. The theory is verified numerically with the finite element method.

Zhang, Pu; He, Sailing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Development of a methodology to reduce the order of a detailed lumped parameter transformer model  

SciTech Connect

The transformer designer employs detailed electrical models to develop a reliable and cost effective transformer insulation structure. The power engineer must model not only the transformer, but the system, therefore the power engineer requires a smaller model of the transformer that accurately represents its behavior in order to investigate the effects of power system transients. Reduced models are generally obtained either from detailed design models or from measurements on fully constructed transformers. Reduced models constructed from design data generally act as low pass filters and are severely limited in accuracy at high frequencies. The latter technique has the major disadvantage that the model cannot be constructed until after the transformer has been built. Presently, both methods are subject to considerable error. The primary objective of this thesis is to develop a technique that reduces the order of a lumped parameter transformer model used in insulation design and that provides a reduced model of any specified size for transient studies of systems which contain the transformer. The reduction technique developed can be applied to any lumped parameter network which uses electric parameter analogs (i.e., FEM networks). The method of this thesis uses Kron`s reduction approach in time domain to obtain a reduced model. This reduced model is compatible with industry methods for transient studies (EMTP) and retains the accuracy and stability of the detailed model. Additionally, this reduced model can be used to predict the interaction between the transformer and the power system, via EMTP, giving a valuable tool to both power and design engineers. Application of the technique for the detailed model of a 765/345/34.5 kV, YYD, core form, 500 MVA single phase autotransformer is verified by frequency and time domain tests for the linear model. The nonlinear transformer model reduction technique is outlined and a proof of concept is provided by two examples.

Gutierrez, M.R.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

252

Transformations of $W$-Type Entangled States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transformations of $W$-type entangled states by using local operations assisted with classical communication are investigated. For this purpose, a parametrization of the $W$-type states which remains invariant under local unitary transformations is proposed and a complete characterization of the local operations carried out by a single party is given. These are used for deriving the necessary and sufficient conditions for deterministic transformations. A convenient upper bound for the maximum probability of distillation of arbitrary target states is also found.

S. K?nta?; S. Turgut

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

253

A Family of Circular Bargmann Transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When considering a charged particle evolving in the Poincar\\'e disk under influence of a uniform magnetic field with a strength proportional to +1, we construct for all hyperbolic Landau level \\epsilon^\\gamma_$m$ m = 4m(-m), m 2 Z+ \\[0, /2] a family of coherent states transforms labeled by (,m) and mapping isometrically square integrable functions on the unit circle with respect to the measure sin^\\gamma-2m (\\theta/2) d\\theta onto spaces of bound states of the particle. These transforms are called circular Bargmann transforms.

Zouhair Mouayn

2011-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

254

Canonical transformations and Hamiltonian evolutionary systems  

SciTech Connect

In many Lagrangian field theories, one has a Poisson bracket defined on the space of local functionals. We find necessary and sufficient conditions for a transformation on the space of local functionals to be canonical in three different cases. These three cases depend on the specific dimensions of the vector bundle of the theory and the associated Hamiltonian differential operator. We also show how a canonical transformation transforms a Hamiltonian evolutionary system and its conservation laws. Finally, we illustrate these ideas with three examples.

Al-Ashhab, Samer [Department of Mathematics, Hashemite University, Zarqa 13115 (Jordan)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Tensor transformation technique for the transport equation  

SciTech Connect

A step-wise tensor transformation technique is presented for the transformation of the single energy group transport equation to an arbitrary spatial coordinate system. Both gradient and divergence forms of the equation are given and the same method is applied to the derivation of the diffusion approximation. It is demonstrated that using an orthogonal representation of the propagation vector will simplify the divergence form of the equation. The application of this technique is in the representation of the transport equation in coordinate systems other than the usual rectangular, cylindrical and spherical ones. Its use is demonstrated by transforming the transport equation to a toroidal coordinate system consisting of nested circular toroids. (auth)

Gralnick, S.L.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Range conditions for a spherical mean transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper is devoted to the range description of the Radon type transform that averages a function over all spheres centered on a given sphere. Such transforms arise naturally in thermoacoustic tomography, a novel method of medical imaging. Range descriptions have recently been obtained for such transforms, and consisted of smoothness and support conditions, moment conditions, and some additional orthogonality conditions of spectral nature. It has been noticed that in odd dimensions, surprisingly, the moment conditions are superfluous and can be eliminated. It is shown in this text that in fact the same happens in any dimension.

Mark Agranovsky; David Finch; Peter Kuchment

2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

257

Partial positive scaling transform: a separability criterion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of constructing a necessary and sufficient condition for establishing the separability of continuous variable systems is revisited. Simon [R. Simon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2726 (2000)] pointed out that such a criterion may be constructed by drawing a parallel between the Peres' partial transpose criterion for finite dimensional systems and partial time reversal transformation for continuous variable systems. We generalize the partial time reversal transformation to a partial scaling transformation and re-examine the problem using a tomographic description of the continuous variable quantum system. The limits of applicability of the entanglement criteria obtained from partial scaling and partial time reversal are explored.

Olga V. Manko; V. I. Manko; G. Marmo; Anil Shaji; E. C. G. Sudarshan; F. Zaccaria

2005-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

258

China Society in Transformation China Society in Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute for Physics again provides us with an example: its semiconductor labo- ratory has developed reached us from the Joint Science Confer- ence (GWK): The German federal and state governments have agreed longings arise, how they effect us and what their purpose is ­ and they fathomed a complex and deeply human

259

Martingale transforms and their projection operators on manifolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the boundedness on $L^p$, $1transformations of stochastic integrals. These operators include various classical operators such as second order Riesz transforms and operators of Laplace transform-type.

Bañuelos, Rodrigo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Radon transformation on reductive symmetric spaces: support theorems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a class of Radon transforms for reductive symmetric spaces, including the horospherical transforms, and study some of their properties. In particular we obtain a generalization of Helgason's support theorem for the horospherical transform on a Riemannian symmetric space.

Kuit, J J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

On Scalar and Vector Transform Methods for Global Spectral Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We compare scalare and vector transform methods for global spectral models of the shallow-water equations. For the scalar transform methods, we demonstrate some economies in the number of Legendre transforms required. It is shown that the ...

Clive Temperton

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Wavelet Transforms and Ocean Current Data Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recently advanced approach of wavelet transforms is applied to the analysis of ocean currents. The conventional analyses of time series in the frequency domain can be readily generalized to the frequency.and time domain using wavelet ...

Paul C. Liu; Gerald S. Miller

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Latent Heat Induced Energy Transformations during Cyclogenesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using real-data numerical simulation experiments, latent heat induced energy transformations during the development of the wave cyclone of 20 May 1977 are investigated. During a 24 h period over 5 cm of precipitation fell despite baroclinically ...

C. B. Chang; D. J. Pepkey; C. W. Kreitzberg

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Malaysia: economic transformation advances oil palm industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Malaysia is currently the world’s largest exporter of palm oil although it is the second-largest producer of the oil after neighboring Indonesia. Malaysia: economic transformation advances oil palm industry Inform Magazine Biofuels and Bioproducts and Bi

265

Energy Efficiency Standards for Distribution Transformers: The...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Distribution Transformers: The Importance of the Load Factor Assessment from an Energy Saving Point of View. Speaker(s): Norma Anglani Date: April 10, 2001 - 12:00pm...

266

Streams, Stream Transformers and Domain Representations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract. We present a general theory for the computation of stream transformers of the form F: (R ¿ B) ¿ (T ¿ A), where time T and R, and data A and B, are discrete or continuous. We show how methods for representing ...

Jens Blanck; Viggo Stoltenberg-Hansen; J. V. Tucker

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Environmentally Acceptable Transformer Fluids: An Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report offers information about the physical, dielectric, chemical, and environmental properties of transformer fluids and their operational impacts. Companies can use this information to choose environmentally acceptable green fluids.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

268

On the Origin of the Lorentz Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lorentz Transformation, which is considered as constitutive for the Special Relativity Theory, was invented by Voigt in 1887, adopted by Lorentz in 1904, and baptized by Poincar\\'e in 1906. Einstein probably picked it up from Voigt directly.

Wolfgang Engelhardt

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

269

Transformation-by-Example for XML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

xml is a language for describing markup languages for structured data. A growing number of applications that process xml documents are transformers, i.e., programs that convert documents between xml languages. Unfortunately, the current proposals for ...

Shriram Krishnamurthi; Kathryn E. Gray; Paul T. Graunke

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A non-destructive transformer oil tester  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new non-destructive test of transformer oil dielectric strength is a promising technique to automate and make more reliable a diagnostic that presently involves intensive manual efforts. This thesis focuses some of the ...

Cargol, Timothy L. (Timothy Lawrence), 1976-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Doxpects: aspects supporting XML transformation interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the web services environment software development can involve writing both object-oriented programs and XML transformations. This can be seen in the popular Web Services architecture. In this architecture, crosscutting concerns are often manifest ...

Eric Wohlstadter; Kris De Volder

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Transformers for explosive pulsed power coupling to various loads  

SciTech Connect

Tape-wound step-up transformers have been fabricated and used with magnetic flux compression generators in the past with effective coupling coefficients of approx.0.76. We have attempted to design some units with coefficients in the range of 0.85 to 0.92 by taking advantage of newer dielectrics. The intent is to raise the voltage stress from less than or equal to 0.39 MV/cm to the range of 0.98 to 1.97 MV/cm. This has the effect of making the secondary thinner and permitting a higher coupling efficiency. Several designs for coupling the 13.2-cm-wide by 52.8-cm-long plate generator to loads in the range of 10 to 30 ..cap omega.. with an output of approx.1 MV have been studied. These designs must take into account that the primary of the transformer is switched into the circuit as a load in parallel with the generator's ballast inductor. A final design examines the constraints imposed by attempting to transform the output of a plate generator up to 10 MV into a high impedance load. A voltage stress of 3.9 MV/cm is required in this particular design for 140 kV per turn in the secondary winding.

Freeman, B.L.; Bostick, W.H.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Transformer Modeling in the Common Information Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Common Information Model (CIM) International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61970 model contains transformers. However, the modeling was based on the needs and requirements defined primarily by the transmission users. Because the CIM has been expanded into distribution and the distribution control center, there is a need to review the transformer model and ensure that the needs and requirements of both transmission and distribution are defined and included. This report proposes method to model tra...

2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

FUMIGATION, GROSS NITROGEN TRANSFORMATIONS, N-15, NITRATE, RATES, SOIL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FUMIGATION, GROSS NITROGEN TRANSFORMATIONS, N-15, FUMIGATION, GROSS NITROGEN TRANSFORMATIONS, N-15, NITRATE, RATES, SOIL 1909 Pushnik, J.C., R.S. Demaree, J.L.J. Houpis, W.B. Flory, S.M. Bauer, and P.D. Anderson. 1995. The effect of elevated carbon dioxide on a Sierra-Nevadan dominant species: Pinus ponderosa. Journal of Biogeography 22(2-3):249-254. The impact of increasing atmospheric CO2 has not been fully evaluated on western coniferous forest species. Two year old seedlings of Pinus ponderosa were grown in environmentally controlled chambers under increased CO2 conditions (525 mu L L(-1) and 700 mu L L(-1)) for 6 months. These trees exhibited morphological, physiological and biochemical alterations when compared to our controls (350 mu L L(- 1)). Analysis of whole plant biomass distribution has shown no

275

The Application of Visualization and Neural Network Techniques in A Power Transformer Condition Monitoring System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, visualization and neural network techniques are applied together to a power transformer condition monitoring system. Through visualizing the data from the chromatogram of oil-dissolved gases by 2-D and/or 3-D graphs, the potential failures of the power transformers become easy to be identified. Through employing some specific neural network techniques, the data from the chromatogram of oil-dissolved gases as well as those from the electrical inspections can be effectively analyzed. Experiments show that the described system works quite well in condition monitoring of power transformers.

Z.-H. Zhou; Y. Jiang; X.-R. Yin; S.-F. Chen; Zhi-hua Zhou; Yuan Jiang; Xu-ri Yin; Shi-fu Chen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Uncertainty Principle Inequalities Related to Laguerre-Bessel Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, an analogous of Heisenberg inequality is established for Laguerre-Bessel transform. Also, a local uncertainty principle for this transform is investigate

Hamem, Soumeya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

ARPA-E Announces $43 Million for Transformational Energy Storage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

43 Million for Transformational Energy Storage Projects to Advance Electric Vehicle and Grid Technologies ARPA-E Announces 43 Million for Transformational Energy Storage Projects...

278

Microsoft PowerPoint - SWPA Transformer Oil Spill Risk Final...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Transformer Oil Containment Transformer Oil Containment Risk Assessment Risk Assessment A Team Approach A Team Approach SWPA SPRA USACE SWPA SPRA USACE Marshall Boyken...

279

ARPA-E Announces $43 Million for Transformational Energy Storage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ARPA-E Announces 43 Million for Transformational Energy Storage Projects to Advance Electric Vehicle and Grid Technologies ARPA-E Announces 43 Million for Transformational Energy...

280

Microsoft PowerPoint - SWPA Transformer Oil Spill Risk Final...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Transformer Oil Containment Transformer Oil Containment Risk Assessment Risk Assessment SWPA SPRA USACE SWPA SPRA USACE Marshall Boyken 2 Project Timeline Project...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The Transformation of Outdoor Ammonium Nitrate Aerosols in the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Transformation of Outdoor Ammonium Nitrate Aerosols in the Indoor Environment Title The Transformation of Outdoor Ammonium Nitrate Aerosols in the Indoor Environment...

282

A procedure for derating a substation transformer in the presence of widespread electric vehicle battery charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of electric vehicle (EV) battery charging on a substation transformer that supplies commercial, residential, industrial, and EV load on a peak summer day. The analysis begins on modeling non-EV load with typical utility load shapes. EV load is modeled using the results from an analytical solution technique that predicts the net power and harmonic currents generated by a group of EV battery chargers. The authors evaluate the amount of transformer derating by maintaining constant daily transformer loss-of-life, with and without EV charging. This analysis shows that the time of day and the length of time during which the EVs begin charging are critical in determining the amount of transformer derating required. The results show that with proper control, EV charging may have very little effect on power system components at the substation level.

Staats, P.T.; Grady, W.M.; Arapostathis, A. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Thallam, R.S. [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Method for distinguishing normal and transformed cells using G1 kinase inhibitors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A G{sub 1} phase kinase inhibitor is applied in a low concentration to a population of normal and transformed mammalian cells. The concentration of G{sub 1} phase kinase inhibitor is selected to reversibly arrest normal mammalian cells in the G{sub 1} cell cycle without arresting growth of transformed cells. The transformed cells may then be selectively identified and/or cloned for research or diagnostic purposes. The transformed cells may also be selectively killed by therapeutic agents that do not affect normal cells in the G{sub 1} phase, suggesting that such G{sub 1} phase kinase inhibitors may form an effective adjuvant for use with chemotherapeutic agents in cancer therapy for optimizing the killing dose of chemotherapeutic agents while minimizing undesirable side effects on normal cells.

Crissman, H.A.; Gadbois, D.M.; Tobey, R.A.; Bradbury, E.M.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

284

Method for distinguishing normal and transformed cells using G1 kinase inhibitors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A G.sub.1 phase kinase inhibitor is applied in a low concentration to a population of normal and transformed mammalian cells. The concentration of G.sub.1 phase kinase inhibitor is selected to reversibly arrest normal mammalian cells in the G.sub.1 cell cycle without arresting growth of transformed cells. The transformed cells may then be selectively identified and/or cloned for research or diagnostic purposes. The transformed cells may also be selectively killed by therapeutic agents that do not affect normal cells in the G.sub.1 phase, suggesting that such G.sub.1 phase kinase inhibitors may form an effective adjuvant for use with chemotherapeutic agents in cancer therapy for optimizing the killing dose of chemotherapeutic agents while minimizing undesirable side effects on normal cells.

Crissman, Harry A. (Los Alamos, NM); Gadbois, Donna M. (Los Alamos, NM); Tobey, Robert A. (Los Alamos, NM); Bradbury, E. Morton (Santa Fe, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Method for distinguishing normal and transformed cells using G1 kinase inhibitors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitor is applied in a low concentration to a population of normal and transformed mammalian cells. The concentration of G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitor is selected to reversibly arrest normal mammalian cells in the G[sub 1] cell cycle without arresting growth of transformed cells. The transformed cells may then be selectively identified and/or cloned for research or diagnostic purposes. The transformed cells may also be selectively killed by therapeutic agents that do not affect normal cells in the G[sub 1] phase, suggesting that such G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitors may form an effective adjuvant for use with chemotherapeutic agents in cancer therapy for optimizing the killing dose of chemotherapeutic agents while minimizing undesirable side effects on normal cells.

Crissman, H.A.; Gadbois, D.M.; Tobey, R.A.; Bradbury, E.M.

1993-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

286

Entanglement-assisted transformation is asymptotically equivalent to multiple-copy transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that two ways of manipulation of quantum entanglement, namely, entanglement-assisted local transformation [D. Jonathan and M. B. Plenio, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 83}, 3566 (1999)] and multiple-copy transformation [S. Bandyopadhyay, V. Roychowdhury, and U. Sen, Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 65}, 052315 (2002)], are equivalent in the sense that they can asymptotically simulate each other's ability to implement a desired transformation from a given source state to another given target state with the same optimal success probability. As a consequence, this yields a feasible method to evaluate the optimal conversion probability of an entanglement-assisted transformation.

Runyao Duan; Yuan feng; Mingsheng Ying

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

287

Composition-Mediated Order-Disorder Transformation in FePt Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

Thumbnail image of graphical abstract Heat-treated alloy FePt nanoparticles transform into L10 FePt and mixed L10/L12 FePt3 intermetallic phases. Enrichment in Pt in some nanoparticles, rather than intrinsic thermodynamic effects, drives phase segregation. FePt nanoparticles of uniform, equimolar composition are expected to transform into phase-pure, highly ordered L10 FePt nanoparticles.

Johnston-Peck, Aaron C [ORNL; Cullen, David A [ORNL; Tracy, Joseph B [North Carolina State University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Novel and Low Cost Temperature Sensors for Lines, Transformers, and Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document reports on an investigation into the performance of fiber optic sensing (e.g., in conductors, transformers, and cables) to determine change in fiber characteristics with regards to sensor-aging effects and performance accuracy with time. The project began in 2002 with a rigorous analysis of temperature sensors for both point and distributed systems across a conductor / transformer winding. Key requirements that must be met are low cost, reliable performance, and good aging characteristics (...

2002-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

289

A scoping study on energy-efficiency market transformation by California Utility DSM Programs  

SciTech Connect

Market transformation has emerged as a central policy objective for future publicly-funded energy-efficiency programs in California. California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) Decision 95-12-063 calls for public funding to shift to activities designed to transform the energy-efficiency market. The CPUC envisions that funding {open_quotes}would only be needed for specific and limited periods of time to cause the market to be transformed{close_quotes}. At the same time, the CPUC also acknowledges that {open_quotes}there are many definitions of market transformation{close_quotes} ... and does {open_quotes}not attempt to refine those definitions today{close_quotes}. We argue that a definition of market transformation is essential. The literature is now replete with definitions, and an operational definition is needed for the CPUC to decide on which programs should be supported with public funds. The CPUC decision initially indicated a preference for programs that do not provide financial assistance 4-efficiency programs that rely on financial assistance to customers. However, energy customers have traditionally accounted for a substantial portion of California utility`s DSM programs, so the CPUC`s direction to use ratepayer funds to support programs that will transform the market raises critical questions about how to analyze what has happened in order to plan effectively for the future: Which utility energy-efficiency programs, including those that provide financial assistance to customers, have had market transforming effects? To what extent do current regulatory rules and practices encourage or discourage utilities from running programs that are designed to transform the market? Should the rules and programs be modified, and, if so, how, to promote market transformation?

Eto, J.; Prahl, R.; Schlegel, J.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Constraint condition on transformed relation for generalized acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contrary to transformation optics (TO), there exist many possibilities for transformed relations of material property and field variable in case of transformation acoustics (TA). To investigate the underlining mechanism and develop a general method that can obtain the full transformed relations, an alternative interpretation to the form-invariance is explored. We consider a spatial transformation, with which a physical phenomenon described in an initial space is transformed to a deformed space, and interpret the mapping by local affine transformation point-by-point. Further, we postulate that the transformed material property and field must rebuild the same physical process, and that the energy must be conserved at each point during the transformation. These conditions impose the constraint on the transformed relation for material property and field. By establishing two local Cartesian frames defined uniquely by the spatial transformation, any physical quantity is shown to first experience a rigid rotation and then a stretch operation during the transformation. We show that the constraint conditions are not enough to determine completely the transformed relation for TA, leaving a possibility to define them differently as found in the literature. New acoustic transformations with constant density or modulus are also proposed and verified by constructing a two-dimensional acoustic cloak. Finally, we show that the transformed relation is uniquely determined for transformation optics, and discuss how this method can be extended to other transformation physics.

Jin Hu; Xiaoning Liu; Gengkai Hu

2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

291

Unified Field Theory From Enlarged Transformation Group. The Covariant Derivative for Conservative Coordinate Transformations and Local Frame Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pandres has developed a theory in which the geometrical structure of a real four-dimensional space-time is expressed by a real orthonormal tetrad, and the group of diffeomorphisms is replaced by a larger group called the conservation group. This paper extends the geometrical foundation for Pandres' theory by developing an appropriate covariant derivative which is covariant under all local Lorentz (frame) transformations, including complex Lorentz transformations, as well as conservative transformations. After defining this extended covariant derivative, an appropriate Lagrangian and its resulting field equations are derived. As in Pandres' theory, these field equations result in a stress-energy tensor that has terms which may automatically represent the electroweak field. Finally, the theory is extended to include 2-spinors and 4-spinors.

Edward Lee Green

2009-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

292

Harmonic launching of ion Bernstein waves via mode transformation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ion Bernstein wave excitation and propagation via finite ion-Larmor-radium mode-transformation are investigated theoretically and experimentally. It is shown that in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies omega less than or equal to 4..cap omega../sub i/, with modest ion temperatures (T/sub i/ less than or equal to 10 eV), the finite-Larmor-radius effect removes the wave singularity at lower-hybrid resonance layer, enabling an externally initiated electron plasma wave to transform continuously into an ion Bernstein wave. In an ACT-1 hydrogen plasma (T/sub e/ approx. = 2.5 eV, T/sub i/ less than or equal to 2.0 eV), externally excited ion Bernstein waves have been observed for omega less than or equal to 2..cap omega../sub i/ as well as for omega less than or equal to 3..cap omega../sub i/. The finite ion-Larmor-radius mode transformation process resulting in strong ion Bernstein wave excitation has been experimentally verified. Detailed measurements of the wave dispersion relation and of the wave-packet trajectory show excellent agreement with theory. The dependence of the excited ion Bernstein wave on the antenna phasing, the plasma density, and on the neutral pressure (T/sub i/) is also investigated.

Ono, M.; Wong, K.L.; Wurden, G.A.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Commissioning of the new AGS MMPS transformers  

SciTech Connect

The Brookhaven AGS Main Magnet Power Supply (MMPS) is a thyristor control supply rated at 5500 Amps. +/-9000 Volts. The peak magnet power is 50 MWatts. The power supply is fed from a motor/generator manufactured by Siemens. During rectify and invert operation the P Bank power supplies are used. During the flattops the F Bank power supplies are used. The P Bank power supplies are fed from two 23 MVA transformers and the F Bank power supplies are fed from two 5.3 MYA transformers. The fundamental frequency of the F Bank power supplies is 1440 Hz, however the fundamental frequency of the P banks was 720 Hz. It was very important to reduce the ripple during rectify to improve polarized proton operations. For this reason and also because the original transformers were 45 years old we replaced these transformers with new ones and we made the fundamental frequency of both P and F banks 1440 Hz. This paper will highlight the major hurdles that were involved during the installation of the new transformers. It will present waveforms while running at different power levels up to 6MW full load. It will show the transition from the F-Bank power supplies to the P-Banks and also show the improvements in ripple made on the P-Bank power supplies.

Bajon,E.; Badea, V. S.; Bannon, M.; Bonati, R.; Marneris, I. M.; Porqueddu, r.; Roser, T.; Sandberg, J.; Savatteri, S.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

294

The Power of LOCCq State Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reversible state transformations under entanglement non-increasing operations give rise to entanglement measures. It is well known that asymptotic local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are required to get a simple operational measure of bipartite pure state entanglement. For bipartite mixed states and multipartite pure states it is likely that a more powerful class of operations will be needed. To this end \\cite{BPRST01} have defined more powerful versions of state transformations (or reducibilities), namely LOCCq (asymptotic LOCC with a sublinear amount of quantum communication) and CLOCC (asymptotic LOCC with catalysis). In this paper we show that {\\em LOCCq state transformations are only as powerful as asymptotic LOCC state transformations} for multipartite pure states. We first generalize the concept of entanglement gambling from two parties to multiple parties: any pure multipartite entangled state can be transformed to an EPR pair shared by some pair of parties and that any irreducible $m$ $(m\\ge 2)$ party pure state can be used to create any other state (pure or mixed), using only local operations and classical communication (LOCC). We then use this tool to prove the result. We mention some applications of multipartite entanglement gambling to multipartite distillability and to characterizations of multipartite minimal entanglement generating sets. Finally we discuss generalizations of this result to mixed states by defining the class of {\\em cat distillable states}.

Ashish V. Thapliyal; John A. Smolin

2002-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

295

New four-dimensional integrals by Mellin-Barnes transform  

SciTech Connect

This paper is devoted to the calculation of a special class of integrals by Mellin-Barnes transform. It contains double integrals in the position space in d=4-2{epsilon} dimensions, where {epsilon} is parameter of dimensional regularization. These integrals contribute to the effective action of the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The integrand is a fraction in which the numerator is the logarithm of the ratio of space-time intervals, and the denominator is the product of powers of space-time intervals. According to the method developed in the previous papers, in order to make use of the uniqueness technique for one of two integrations, we shift exponents in powers in the denominator of integrands by some multiples of {epsilon}. As the next step, the second integration in the position space is done by Mellin-Barnes transform. For normalizing procedure, we reproduce first the known result obtained earlier by Gegenbauer polynomial technique. Then, we make another shift of exponents in powers in the denominator to create the logarithm in the numerator as the derivative with respect to the shift parameter {delta}. We show that the technique of work with the contour of the integral modified in this way by using Mellin-Barnes transform repeats the technique of work with the contour of the integral without such a modification. In particular, all the operations with a shift of contour of integration over complex variables of twofold Mellin-Barnes transform are the same as before the {delta} modification of indices, and even the poles of residues coincide. This confirms the observation made in the previous papers that in the position space all the Green's function of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory can be expressed in terms of Usyukina-Davydychev functions.

Allendes, Pedro [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Guerrero, Natanael; Kondrashuk, Igor [Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad del Bio-Bio, Campus Fernando May, Casilla 447, Chillan (Chile); Notte Cuello, Eduardo A. [Departamento de Matematicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de La Serena, Benavente 980, La Serena (Chile)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

An Equivalence of Entanglement-Assisted Transformation and Multiple-Copy Entanglement Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the powers of entanglement-assisted transformation and multiple-copy entanglement transformation. First, we find a sufficient condition of when a given catalyst is useful in producing another specific target state. As an application of this condition, for any non-maximally entangled bipartite pure state and any integer $n$ not less than 4, we are able to explicitly construct a set of $n\\times n$ quantum states which can be produced by using the given state as a catalyst. Second, we prove that for any positive integer $k$, entanglement-assisted transformation with $k\\times k$-dimensional catalysts is useful in producing a target state if and only if multiple-copy entanglement transformation with $k$ copies of state is useful in producing the same target. Moreover, a necessary and sufficient condition for both of them is obtained in terms of the Schmidt coefficients of the target. This equivalence of entanglement-assisted transformation and multiple-copy entanglement transformation implies many interesting properties of entanglement transformation. Furthermore, these results are generalized to the case of probabilistic entanglement transformations.

Runyao Duan; Yuan Feng; Mingsheng Ying

2004-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Blasting Vibration Signals Based on Hilbert Transformation of the Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is based on empirical mode decomposition (EMD )of Hilbert-Huang transform (Hilbert-Huang Transformation, HHT) method shall be applied to the blasting vibration signal, first introduced the Hilbert-Huang transform theory and algorithms, then ... Keywords: Blast, Hilbert-Huang transform, seismic wave, frequency spectrogram

Xueping Ren; Dongsheng Hao

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Duality transformation of non-Abelian tensor gauge fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For non-Abelian tensor gauge fields we have found an alternative form of duality transformation, which has the property that the direct and the inverse transformations coincide. This duality transformation has the desired property that the direct and the inverse transformations map Lagrangian forms into each other.

Sebastian Guttenberg; George Savvidy

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

299

On sequences with {-1,0,1} Hankel transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study Hankel transforms of sequences, where the transform elements are members of the set {-1,0,1}. We relate these Hankel transforms to special continued fraction expansions. In particular, we posit a conjecture relating the distribution of non-zero terms in the Hankel transform to the distribution of powers of the variable in the defining continued fractions.

Barry, Paul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The generalized Radon transform: Sampling, accuracy and memory considerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generalized Radon (or Hough) transform is a well-known tool for detecting parameterized shapes in an image. The Radon transform is a mapping between the image space and a parameter space. The coordinates of a point in the latter correspond to the ... Keywords: Efficient implementation, Error estimation, Hough transform, Image analysis, Multi-dimensional image, Parameterized shape detection, Radon transform

Cris L. Luengo Hendriks; Michael van Ginkel; Piet W. Verbeek; Lucas J. van Vliet

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The $?$-deformed Segal-Bargmann transform is a Hall type transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an explanation of how the $\\mu$-deformed Segal-Bargmann spaces, that are studied in various articles of the author in collaboration with Angulo, Echevarria and Pita, can be viewed as deserving their name, that is, how they should be considered as a part of Segal-Bargmann analysis. This explanation relates the $\\mu$-deformed Segal-Bargmann transforms to the generalized Segal-Bargmann transforms introduced by B. Hall using heat kernel analysis. All the versions of the $\\mu$-deformed Segal-Bargmann transform can be understood as Hall type transforms. In particular, we define a $\\mu$-deformation of Hall's "Version C" generalized Segal-Bargmann transform which is then shown to be a $\\mu$-deformed convolution with a $\\mu$-deformed heat kernel followed by analytic continuation. Our results are generalizations and analogues of the results of Hall.

Stephen Bruce Sontz

2007-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

KSI's Cross Insulated Core Transformer Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cross Insulated Core Transformer (CCT) technology improves on Insulated Core Transformer (ICT) implementations. ICT systems are widely used in very high voltage, high power, power supply systems. In an ICT transformer ferrite core sections are insulated from their neighboring ferrite cores. Flux leakage is present at each of these insulated gaps. The flux loss is raised to the power of stages in the ICT design causing output voltage efficiency to taper off with increasing stages. KSI's CCT technology utilizes a patented technique to compensate the flux loss at each stage of an ICT system. Design equations to calculate the flux compensation capacitor value are presented. CCT provides corona free operation of the HV stack. KSI's CCT based High Voltage power supply systems offer high efficiency operation, high frequency switching, low stored energy and smaller size over comparable ICT systems.

Uhmeyer, Uwe [Kaiser Systems, Inc, 126 Sohier Road, Beverly, MA 01915 (United States)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

303

HERCULES: A Pattern Driven Code Transformation System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New parallel computers are emerging, but developing efficient scientific code for them remains difficult. A scientist must manage not only the science-domain complexity but also the performance-optimization complexity. HERCULES is a code transformation system designed to help the scientist to separate the two concerns, which improves code maintenance, and facilitates performance optimization. The system combines three technologies, code patterns, transformation scripts and compiler plugins, to provide the scientist with an environment to quickly implement code transformations that suit his needs. Unlike existing code optimization tools, HERCULES is unique in its focus on user-level accessibility. In this paper we discuss the design, implementation and an initial evaluation of HERCULES.

Kartsaklis, Christos [ORNL; Hernandez, Oscar R [ORNL; Hsu, Chung-Hsing [ORNL; Ilsche, Thomas [Technische Universitat Dresden; Joubert, Wayne [ORNL; Graham, Richard L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Canonical transformations in three-dimensional phase space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Canonical transformation in a three-dimensional phase space endowed with Nambu bracket is discussed in a general framework. Definition of the canonical transformations is constructed as based on canonoid transformations. It is shown that generating functions, transformed Hamilton functions and the transformation itself for given generating functions can be determined by solving Pfaffian differential equations corresponding to that quantities. Types of the generating functions are introduced and all of them is listed. Infinitesimal canonical transformations are also discussed. Finally, we show that decomposition of canonical transformations is also possible in three-dimensional phase space as in the usual two-dimensional one.

Dereli, T; Hakioglu, T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Canonical transformations in three-dimensional phase space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Canonical transformation in a three-dimensional phase space endowed with Nambu bracket is discussed in a general framework. Definition of the canonical transformations is constructed as based on canonoid transformations. It is shown that generating functions, transformed Hamilton functions and the transformation itself for given generating functions can be determined by solving Pfaffian differential equations corresponding to that quantities. Types of the generating functions are introduced and all of them is listed. Infinitesimal canonical transformations are also discussed. Finally, we show that decomposition of canonical transformations is also possible in three-dimensional phase space as in the usual two-dimensional one.

T. Dereli; A. Tegmen; T. Hakioglu

2009-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

306

Generalised Wick Transform in Dimensionally Reduced Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context of canonical quantum gravity, we study an alternative real quantisation scheme, which is arising by relating simpler Riemannian quantum theory to the more complicated physical Lorentzian theory - the generalised Wick transform. On the symmetry reduced models, homogenous Bianchi cosmology and 2+1 gravity, we investigate its generalised construction principle, demonstrate that the emerging quantum theory is equivalent to the one obtained from standard quantisation and how to obtain physical states in Lorentzian gravity from Wick transforming solutions of Riemannian quantum theory.

B. Hartmann; J. Wisniewski

2003-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

307

Conditions for a class of entanglement transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suppose Alice and Bob jointly possess a pure state, $|\\psi\\ra$. Using local operations on their respective systems and classical communication it may be possible for Alice and Bob to transform $|\\psi\\ra$ into another joint state $|\\phi\\ra$. This Letter gives necessary and sufficient conditions for this process of entanglement transformation to be possible. These conditions reveal a partial ordering on the entangled states, and connect quantum entanglement to the algebraic theory of majorization. As a consequence, we find that there exist essentially different types of entanglement for bipartite quantum systems.

M. A. Nielsen

1998-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

308

Hidden symmetries induced by a canonical transformation and gauge structure of compactified Yang-Mills theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compactified Yang-Mills theories with one universal extra dimension were found [arXiv:1008.4638] to exhibit two types of gauge invariances: the standard gauge transformations (SGTs) and the nonstandard gauge transformations (NSGTs). In the present work we show that these transformations are not exclusive to compactified scenarios. Introducing a notion of hidden symmetry, based on the fundamental concept of canonical transformation, we analyse three different gauge systems, each of which is mapped to a certain effective theory that is invariant under the so-called SGTs and NSGTs. The systems under discussion are: (i) four dimensional pure $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills theory, (ii) four dimensional $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills with spontaneous symmetry breaking, and (iii) pure Yang-Mills theory with one universal compact extra dimension. The canonical transformation, that induces the notion of hidden symmetry, maps objects with well defined transformation laws under a gauge group $G$ to well defined objects under a non-trivial subgroup $H \\subset G$. In the case where spontaneous symmetry breaking is present, the set of SGTs corresponds to the group into which the original gauge group is broken into, whereas the NSGTs are associated to the broken generators and can be used to define the unitary gauge. For the system (iii), the SGTs coincide with the gauge group $ SU(N,\\cal{M}^{4}) $, whereas the NSGTs do not form a group; in this system the 'fundamental' theory and the effective one are shown to be classically equivalent.

M. A. López-Osorio; E. Martínez-Pascual; H. Novales-Sánchez; J. J. Toscano

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

309

Transformative monitoring approaches for reprocessing.  

SciTech Connect

The future of reprocessing in the United States is strongly driven by plant economics. With increasing safeguards, security, and safety requirements, future plant monitoring systems must be able to demonstrate more efficient operations while improving the current state of the art. The goal of this work was to design and examine the incorporation of advanced plant monitoring technologies into safeguards systems with attention to the burden on the operator. The technologies examined include micro-fluidic sampling for more rapid analytical measurements and spectroscopy-based techniques for on-line process monitoring. The Separations and Safeguards Performance Model was used to design the layout and test the effect of adding these technologies to reprocessing. The results here show that both technologies fill key gaps in existing materials accountability that provide detection of diversion events that may not be detected in a timely manner in existing plants. The plant architecture and results under diversion scenarios are described. As a tangent to this work, both the AMUSE and SEPHIS solvent extraction codes were examined for integration in the model to improve the reality of diversion scenarios. The AMUSE integration was found to be the most successful and provided useful results. The SEPHIS integration is still a work in progress and may provide an alternative option.

Cipiti, Benjamin B.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Power Transformer Failure Investigation and Root Cause Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides practical, step-by-step guidance to help utility personnel gather evidence and perform investigations on failed or retired high-voltage substation power transformers to assist in determining the cause of the transformer’s failure or the service condition of retired units.BackgroundHigh-voltage transformers are essential to the reliability of the power system, but many are aging and nearing the end of their design lives. Transformer ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

311

Proposed Giaever transformer to probe the pseudogap phase of cuprates.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a theory of the rectification effect in a double-layer system where both layers are superconductors or one of the layers is a normal metal. The Coulomb interaction is assumed to provide the dominant coupling between the layers. We find that superconducting fluctuations strongly enhance the drag conductivity, with rectification most pronounced when both layers are superconductors. In view of their distinct dependence on temperature near T{sub c} and layer separation, drag measurements based on a Giaever transformer could distinguish whether rectification occurs due to fluctuating pairs or inductively coupled fluctuating vortices.

Levchenko, A.; Norman, M. R. (Materials Science Division)

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

High Temperature Measurements Of Martensitic transformations Using Digital Holography  

SciTech Connect

During thermal cycling of nickel-aluminum-platinum (NiAlPt) and single crystal Fe-15Cr-15Ni alloys, the structural changes associated with the martensite to austenite phase transformation were measured using dual-wavelength digital holography. Real-time in-situ measurements reveal the formation of striations within the NiPtAl alloy at 70 C and the FeCrNi alloy at 520 C. The results demonstrate that digital holography is an effective technique for acquiring non-contact, high precision information of the surface evolution of alloys at high temperatures.

Thiesing, Benjamin [Northern Arizona University; Mann, Christopher J [Northern Arizona University; Dryepondt, Sebastien N [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Reciprocal transformations and deformations of integrable hierarchies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present changes of variables that transform new integrable hierarchies found by Szablikowski and B{\\l}aszak using the $R$-matrix deformation technique [J. Math. Phys. 47 (2006), paper 043505, nlin.SI/0501044] into known Harry-Dym-type and mKdV-type hierarchies.

A. Sergyeyev

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

314

Power quality assessment of specially connected transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines and compares the voltage deviation, voltage unbalance, and harmonic distortion of V-V, Scott, and Le Blanc connected transformers by a novel approach. The power quality factors are needed to truly reflect the loading characteristics ... Keywords: Le Blanc connection, V-V connection, power quality, scott connection

Yao-Hung Chan; Chi-Jui Wu; Shu-Chen Wang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Transforming XML Schema to OWL Using Patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the promises of the Semantic Web is to support applications that easily and seamlessly deal with heterogeneous data. Most data on the Web, however, is in the Extensible Markup Language (XML) format, but using XML requires applications to understand ... Keywords: XML Schema, Ontology, transformation patterns, ontology design, automatic ontology generation

Ivan Bedini; Christopher Matheus; Peter F. Patel-Schneider; Aidan Boran; Benjamin Nguyen

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

A New Method for Transforming Timed Automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Discrete events systems (DES) are defined by the sequences of events they can execute. For example, communication protocols and computer networks can be seen as DES. Finite state automata (FSA) are convenient for studying (i.e., analyzing, designing) ... Keywords: Set-Exp-Automata, Timed Automata, Transformation

Ahmed Khoumsi; Lucien Ouedraogo

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Student transformations: are they computer scientists yet?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the changes in the ways computing students view their field as they learn, as reported by the students themselves in short written biographies. In many ways, these changes result in students thinking and acting more like computer scientists ... Keywords: student biographies, threshold concepts, transformations

Carol Zander; Jonas Boustedt; Robert McCartney; Jan Erik Moström; Kate Sanders; Lynda Thomas

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Information retrieval system utilizing wavelet transform  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for automatically partitioning an unstructured electronically formatted natural language document into its sub-topic structure. Specifically, the document is converted to an electronic signal and a wavelet transform is then performed on the signal. The resultant signal may then be used to graphically display and interact with the sub-topic structure of the document.

Brewster, Mary E. (Kennewick, WA); Miller, Nancy E. (Kennewick, WA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Dynamic shading enhancement for reflectance transformation imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a set of dynamic shading enhancement techniques for improving the perception of details, features, and overall shape characteristics from images created with Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) techniques. Selection of these perceptual ... Keywords: Visualization, cultural heritage shading enhancement, illumination, image processing

Gianpaolo Palma; Massimiliano Corsini; Paolo Cignoni; Roberto Scopigno; Mark Mudge

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Lorentz transformations with arbitrary line of motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sometimes it becomes a matter of natural choice for an observer (A) that he prefers a coordinate system of two-dimensional spatial x-y coordinates from which he observes another observer (B) who is moving at a uniform speed along a line of motion, which is not collinear with As chosen x or y axis. It becomes necessary in such cases to develop Lorentz transformations where the line of motion is not aligned with either the x or the y-axis. In this paper we develop these transformations and show that under such transformations, two orthogonal systems (in their respective frames) appear non-orthogonal to each other. We also illustrate the usefulness of the transformation by applying it to three problems including the rod-slot problem. The derivation has been done before using vector algebra. Such derivations assume that the axes of K and K-prime are parallel. Our method uses matrix algebra and shows that the axes of K and K-prime do not remain parallel, and in fact K and K-prime which are properly orthogonal are observed to be non-orthogonal by K-prime and K respectively. http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0143-0807/28/2/004

Chandru Iyer; G. M. Prabhu

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Conformal transformations near Naked Singularities - I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the behaviour of the outgoing radial null geodesic congruence on the boundary of the trapped region (suitably defined as a four dimensional region) is related to the property of nakedness in spherical dust collapse. The argument involves a conformal transformation which justifies the difference in the Penrose diagrams in the naked and covered dust collapse scenarios.

Sukratu Barve

2004-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

322

Heat storage in alloy transformations. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study conducted to determine the feasibility of using metal alloys as thermal energy storage media is described. The study had the following major elements: (1) the identification of congruently transforming alloys and thermochemical property measurements, (2) the development of a precise and convenient method for measuring volume change during phase transformation and thermal expansion coefficients, (3) the development of a numerical modeling routine for calculating heat flow in cylindrical heat exchangers containing phase-change materials, and (4) the identification of materials that could be used to contain the metal alloys. The elements selected as candidate media were limited to aluminum, copper, magnesium, silicon, zinc, calcium, and phosphorus on the basis of low cost and latent heat of transformation. Several new eutectic alloys and ternary intermetallic phases have been determined. A new method employing x-ray absorption techniques was developed to determine the coefficients of thermal expansion of both the solid and liquid phases and the volume change during phase transformation from data that are obtained during one continuous experimental test. The method and apparatus are discussed and the experimental results are presented. The development of the numerical modeling method is presented and results are discussed for both salt and metal alloy phase-change media. Candidate materials were evaluated to determine suitable materials for containment of the metal alloys. Graphite was used to contain the alloys during the volume change measurements. Silicon carbide has been identified as a promising containment material and surface-coated iron alloys were considered.

Birchenall, C E; Gueceri, S I; Farkas, D; Labdon, M B; Nagaswami, N; Pregger, B

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Model replication: transformations to address model scalability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In model-driven engineering, it is often desirable to evaluate different design alternatives as they relate to scalability issues of the modeled system. A typical approach to address scalability is model replication, which starts by creating base models ... Keywords: domain-specific modeling, model transformation, model-driven engineering, scalability

Yuehua Lin; Jeff Gray; Jing Zhang; Steve Nordstrom; Aniruddha Gokhale; Sandeep Neema; Swapna Gokhale

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Transformity: The Dependence of the Laws of Physics on Higher-Dimensional Coordinate Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In unified field theories with more than four dimensions, the form of the equations of physics in spacetime depends in general on the choice of coordinates in higher dimensions. The reason is that the group of coordinate transformations in (say) five dimensions is broader than in spacetime. This kind of gauge dependence is illustrated by two examples: a cosmological model in general relativity and a matter wave in quantum theory. Surprisingly, both are equivalent by coordinate transformations to flat featureless five-dimensional space. This kind of transformity is of fundamental significance for the philosophy of physics.

Paul S. Wesson

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

325

Construction of Hilbert Transform Pairs of Wavelet Bases and Gabor-like Transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel method for constructing Hilbert transform (HT) pairs of wavelet bases based on a fundamental approximation-theoretic characterization of scaling functions--the B-spline factorization theorem. In particular, starting from well-localized scaling functions, we construct HT pairs of biorthogonal wavelet bases of L^2(R) by relating the corresponding wavelet filters via a discrete form of the continuous HT filter. As a concrete application of this methodology, we identify HT pairs of spline wavelets of a specific flavor, which are then combined to realize a family of complex wavelets that resemble the optimally-localized Gabor function for sufficiently large orders. Analytic wavelets, derived from the complexification of HT wavelet pairs, exhibit a one-sided spectrum. Based on the tensor-product of such analytic wavelets, and, in effect, by appropriately combining four separable biorthogonal wavelet bases of L^2(R^2), we then discuss a methodology for constructing 2D directional-selective complex...

Chaudhury, Kunal Narayan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Fourier transform method for imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose Fourier transform (FT) method for processing images of extensive air showers (EAS) detected by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACT) used in the very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray astronomy. The method is based on the discrete Fourier transforms (DFT) on compact Lie groups, and the use of continuous extension of the inverse discrete transforms to approximate the discrete EAS images by continuous EAS brightness distribution functions. Here we describe the FT-method in case of SU(3) group. It allows practical realization of the DFT technique for functions sampled on hexagonal symmetry grids. The proposed method can also be implemented in case of IACT cameras with grids of rectangular symmetry by using the DFT on the SU(2)xSU(2) group. The proposed FT-method is applied to the Monte-Carlo simulated bank of TeV proton and gamma-ray EAS images for a stand-alone telescope. Comparing between the FT-method and the currently used standard method shows that the FT technique allows a better and systematic enhancement of the gamma-ray signal. The relative difference between these two methods becomes more profound especially for `photon poor' images. It suggests that the EAS detection thresholds of IACTs could be effectively reduced with the use of FT technique. This prediction is further supported by a significant noise suppression capability of the method using simple low-pass filters in the image frequency domain. The FT-method allows very deep `tail' (and `height') image cuts, differentiation of images, operations in the image frequency domain, etc., that can be used for development of new effective parameters for the EAS image processing.

A. Atoyan; J. Patera; V. Sahakian; A. Akpherjanian

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Low Dose Suppression of Neoplastic Transformation in Vitro  

SciTech Connect

This grant was to study the low dose suppression of neoplastic transformation in vitro and the shape of the dose-response curve at low doses and dose-rates of ionizing radiation. Previous findings had indicated a suppression of transformation at dose <10cGy of low-LET radiation when delivered at high dose-rate. The present study indicates that such suppression extends out to doses in excess of 100cGy when the dose (from I-125 photons) is delivered at dose-rates as low as 0.2 mGy/min and out to in excess of {approx}25cGy the highest dose studied at the very low dose-rate of 0.5 mGy/day. We also examined dose-rate effects for high energy protons (which are a low-LET radiation) and suppression was evident below {approx}10cGy for high dose-rate delivery and at least out to 50cGy for low dose-rate (20cGy/h) delivery. Finally, we also examined the effect of low doses of 1 GeV/n iron ions (a high-LET radiation) delivered at high dose-rate on transformation at low doses and found a suppression below {approx}10cGy that could be attributable to an adaptive response in bystander cells induced by the associated low-LET delta rays. These results have implications for cancer risk assessment at low doses.

John Leslie Redpath

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Transformational Technologies to Expedite Space Access and Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Throughout history the emergence of new technologies has enabled unforeseen breakthrough capabilities that rapidly transformed the world. Some global examples from the twentieth century include AC electric power, nuclear energy, and turbojet engines. At the systems level, success of both Apollo and the Space Shuttle programs depended upon taming hydrogen propulsion and developing high-temperature atmospheric reentry materials. Human space development now is stymied because of a great need for breakthrough technologies and strategies. It is believed that new capabilities exist within the present states-of-the-art of superconducting technology that can be implemented to transform the future of human space development. This paper is an overview of three other papers presented within this forum, which summarizes the principles and consequences of StarTram, showing how the resulting breakthrough advantages can lead directly to safe space tourism and massive development of the moon, Mars and the outer solar system. StarTram can implement cost-effective solar power from space, simple utilization of asteroid material to protect humans from ionizing radiation, and effective defense of the Earth from devastating cosmic impacts. Synergistically, StarTram technologies will revolutionize ground transportation on the Earth, leading to enormous reduction in energy consumption and creation of millions of jobs. High energy lasers will also be discussed because of their importance to power beaming applications.

Rather, John D. G. [Rather Creative Innovations Group, Inc., 102 Windsong Lane, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

2010-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

329

TUV SUD America Inc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... CSA C62301 (2011) Household electrical appliances - Measurement of standby power. [12/CSA802] CSA C802.2 (2011) Dry-Type Transformers. ...

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

330

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

standards in the NOPR include the ERAC-recommended efficiency levels for medium-voltage dry-type transformers and the levels endorsed by DOE's Regulatory Policy Group...

331

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Voltage Dry-Type Distribution Transformers Energy Conservation Standard Low-Voltage Dry-Type Distribution Transformers Energy Conservation Standard Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has completed a rulemaking to amend the current energy conservation standards for liquid-immersed, medium-voltage dry-type, and low-voltage dry-type distribution transformers. This activity is mandated by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a final rule regarding amended energy efficiency standards for liquid-immersed, medium-voltage dry-type, and low-voltage dry-type distribution transformers. 78 FR 23335 (April 18, 2013). The distribution transformers final rule was the DOE's first "negotiated rulemaking," conducted under the Federal Advisory Committee Act and the Negotiated Rulemaking Act.

332

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations March 4, 2013 sadayappan Saday Sadayappan Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Ohio State University Recent trends in architecture are making multicore parallelism as well as heterogeneity ubiquitous. This creates significant chalenges to application developers as well as compiler implementations. Currently it is virtually impossible to achieve performance portability of high-performance applications, i.e., develop a single version of source code for an application that achieves high performance on different parallel computer platforms. Different implementations of compute intensive core functions are generally needed for different target platforms, e.g., for multicore

333

Two-dimensional fourier transform spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

The present invention relates to a system and methods for acquiring two-dimensional Fourier transform (2D FT) spectra. Overlap of a collinear pulse pair and probe induce a molecular response which is collected by spectral dispersion of the signal modulated probe beam. Simultaneous collection of the molecular response, pulse timing and characteristics permit real time phasing and rapid acquisition of spectra. Full spectra are acquired as a function of pulse pair timings and numerically transformed to achieve the full frequency-frequency spectrum. This method demonstrates the ability to acquire information on molecular dynamics, couplings and structure in a simple apparatus. Multi-dimensional methods can be used for diagnostic and analytical measurements in the biological, biomedical, and chemical fields.

DeFlores, Lauren; Tokmakoff, Andrei

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

334

A fast directional continuous spherical wavelet transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fast algorithm for Antoine and Vandergheynst's (1998) directional continuous spherical wavelet transform (CSWT) is presented. Computational requirements are reduced by a factor of O(\\sqrt{N}), when N is the number of pixels on the sphere. The spherical Mexican hat wavelet Gaussianity analysis of the WMAP 1-year data performed by Vielva et al. (2003) is reproduced and confirmed using the fast CSWT. The proposed extension to directional analysis is inherently afforded by the fast CSWT algorithm.

J. D. McEwen; M. P. Hobson; A. N. Lasenby; D. J. Mortlock

2004-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

335

Residential market transformation: National and regional indicators  

SciTech Connect

A variety of programs are underway to address market barriers to the adoption of energy-efficient residential technologies and practices. Most are administered by utilities, states, or regions that rely on the Energy Star as a consistent platform for program marketing and messaging. This paper reviews regional and national market transformation activities for three key residential end-uses -- air conditioning, clothes washing, and lighting -- characterizing current and ongoing programs; reporting on progress; identifying market indicators; and discussing implications.

Van Wie McGrory, Laura L.; McNamara, Maureen; Suozzo, Margaret

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Economic analysis of efficient distribution transformer trends  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines an approach that will account for uncertainty in the development of evaluation factors used to identify transformer designs with the lowest total owning cost (TOC). The TOC methodology is described and the most highly variable parameters are discussed. The model is developed to account for uncertainties as well as statistical distributions for the important parameters. Sample calculations are presented. The TOC methodology is applied to data provided by two utilities in order to test its validity.

Downing, D.J.; McConnell, B.W.; Barnes, P.R.; Hadley, S.W.; Van Dyke, J.W.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

EPRI Forensics Library of Aged Transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report covers the results of ongoing efforts to develop a transformer forensics library. As a first step, the report provides a standard reporting template to ensure that all relevant information is gathered in a consistent manner. In addition, five case studies are presented as part of the effort to develop the library. Each forensics study examines both the physical evidence of the condition or failure of the unit and its available history, including previous test results, monitoring data, and tea...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

338

Transforming Big Data into Collective Awareness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrating social and sensor networks can transform big data, if treated as a knowledge commons, into a higher form of collective awareness that can motivate users to self-organize and create innovative solutions to various socioeconomic problems. The ... Keywords: Information management,Data handling,Data storage systems,Social network services,Computational modeling,Social factors,Smart grids,Data privacy,knowledge commons,big data,collective awareness,self-organizing systems

Jeremy Pitt, Aikaterini Bourazeri, Andrzej Nowak, Magda Roszczynska, Agnieszka Rychwalska, Inmaculada Rodriguez, Maite Lopez, Monica Florea, Mihai Sanduleac

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

The Energy Transformation Limit Theorem for Gas Flow Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The limit energy theorem which determines the possibility of transformation the energy flow in power systems in the absence of technical work is investigated and proved for such systems as gas lasers and plasmatrons, chemical gas reactors, vortex tubes, gas-acoustic and other systems, as well as a system of close stars. In the case of the same name ideal gas in the system the maximum ratio of energy conversion effectiveness is linked to the Carnot theorem, which in its turn is connected with the Nernst theorem. However, numerical analyses show that the class of flow energy systems is non-carnot one. The ratio of energy conversion effectiveness depends on the properties of the working medium; a conventional cycle in open-circuit is essentially irreversible. The proved theorem gives a more strongly worded II law of thermodynamics for the selected class of flow energy systems. Implications for astrophysical thermodynamic systems and the theory of a strong shock wave are discussed.

Volov, V T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Microscopic Derivation of an Isothermal Thermodynamic Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain macroscopic isothermal thermodynamic transformations by space-time scalings of a microscopic Hamiltonian dynamics in contact with a heat bath. The microscopic dynamics is given by a chain of anharmonic oscillators subject to a varying tension (external force) and the contact with the heat bath is modeled by independent Langevin dynamics acting on each particle. After a diffusive space-time scaling and cross-graining, the profile of volume converges to the solution of a deterministic diffusive equation with boundary conditions given by the applied tension. This defines an irreversible thermodynamic transformation from an initial equilibrium to a new equilibrium given by the final tension applied. Quasi static reversible isothermal transformations are then obtained by a further time scaling. Heat is defined as the total flux of energy exchanged between the system and the heat bath. Then we prove that the relation between the limit heat, work, free energy and thermodynamic entropy agree with the first and second principle of thermodynamics.

Stefano Olla

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A fast algorithm for the linear canonical transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years there has been a renewed interest in finding fast algorithms to compute accurately the linear canonical transform (LCT) of a given function. This is driven by the large number of applications of the LCT in optics and signal processing. The well-known integral transforms: Fourier, fractional Fourier, bilateral Laplace and Fresnel transforms are special cases of the LCT. In this paper we obtain an O(N*Log N) algorithm to compute the LCT by using a chirp-FFT-chirp transformation yielded by a convergent quadrature formula for the fractional Fourier transform. This formula gives a unitary discrete LCT in closed form. In the case of the fractional Fourier transform the algorithm computes this transform for arbitrary complex values inside the unitary circle and not only at the boundary. In the case of the ordinary Fourier transform the algorithm improves the output of the FFT.

Campos, Rafael G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

1-D Transforms for the Motion Compensation Residual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transforms used in image coding are also commonly used to compress prediction residuals in video coding. Prediction residuals have different spatial characteristics from images, and it is useful to develop transforms that ...

Kamisli, Fatih

343

A Transformed Lagged Ensemble Forecasting Technique for Increasing Ensemble Size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ensemble-based data assimilation approach is used to transform old ensemble forecast perturbations with more recent observations for the purpose of inexpensively increasing ensemble size. The impact of the transformations are propagated ...

Andrew R. Lawrence; James A. Hansen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Understanding urban housing transformations : a case study of Bhogal, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis attempts to describe dwelling transformations in the case of Bhogal, New Delhi. It is hoped to clarify the links between socio-economic forces and their resultant impact on physical form, through its transformation. ...

Benjamin, Solomon J., 1960-

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Production Methods for Amorphous Alloy for Transformer Cores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmission and distribution system transformers made of ferromagnetic amorphous metals have far lower core losses than conventional transformers. A pilot plant demonstrated production of these amorphous alloys; a large-scale plant has since been constructed for commercial production.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The Parallel Scalability of the Spectral Transform Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the suitability of the spectral transform method for parallel implementation. The spectral transform method is a natural candidate for general circulation models (GCMs) designed to run on large-scale parallel computers due ...

Ian Foster; William Gropp; Rick Stevens

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

A direct method for estimating planar projective transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimating planar projective transform (homography) from a pair of images is a classical problem in computer vision. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm for direct registering two point sets in R2 using projective transform without using intensity ...

Yu-Tseh Chi; Jeffrey Ho; Ming-Hsuan Yang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Split manageable efficient algorithm for Fourier and Hadamard transforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a general, efficient, manageable split algorithm to compute one-dimensional (1-D) unitary transforms, by using the special partitioning in the frequency domain, is introduced. The partitions determine fast transformations that split the ...

A.M. Grigoryan; S.S. Agaian

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Characterization of Magnetic Fields from Power Distribution Transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a measurement study that was performed to characterize magnetic fields from power distribution transformers. The purpose of the study was to evaluate magnetic field attenuation rates of various sizes of transformers.

2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

350

100-kVA Intelligent Universal Transformer Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This status report documents the design and development of EPRI's 100-kVA Intelligent Universal Transformer (IUT).

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

351

V-6: Modification of the Temperatures of Phase Transformations of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study aims at understanding the phenomena that change transformation ... Structural and Thermal Stability Properties of Cellulose Nanocomposites with ...

352

Strain-Induced Martensitic Transformation in Tensile/Compression ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Phase Field Crystal Study of Temperature Oscillations in Explosive ... Compositionally Dependent Displacive Transformation from Beta to Omega Phase in ...

353

Market Transformation: Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP) (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fact sheet summarizing the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market transformation subprogram.

Not Available

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Harmonics from SVC transformer saturation with direct current offset  

SciTech Connect

Circulation of direct current in transformer windings can cause significant transformer saturation and harmonic generation. This problem may be experienced by static var compensators with anti-parallel thyristor arrangement. This paper presents a technique to analyze the harmonic distortions caused by transformer saturation with direct current offset. The technique is used to investigate the harmonic generation from the transformer of a static var compensator to be installed in the B.C. Hydro system.

Xu, W.; Martinich, T.G.; Sawada, J.H.; Mansour, Y. (British Columbia Hydro, Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

EPRI Power Transformer Guidebook Development: The Copper Book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are losing many of their subject matter experts due to retirement and downsizing. This is particularly true in the case of power transformers, so there is now a critical need for a comprehensive transformer reference book geared toward utility engineers. In 2007, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) published the technical update report Transformer Guidebook Design (1013799). That report ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

356

Fault Diagnosis of Transformer Based on Random Forest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fault diagnosis of transformer in power system is studied in this paper. Considering the excellent performances of Random Forest (RF) in pattern recognition, we apply RF to construct a diagnosis model to predict the situation of transformer. The experiments ... Keywords: Rondom Forest, fault diagnosis of transformer, classification model

Xi Chen; Hongmei Cui; Linkai Luo

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Intelligent Transformer Monitoring System Utilizing Neuro-Fuzzy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intelligent Transformer Monitoring System Utilizing Neuro-Fuzzy Technique Approach Intelligent Center Intelligent Transformer Monitoring System Utilizing Neuro-Fuzzy Technique Approach Final Project transformers and circuit breakers off-line, in order to assess whether the equipment is operating normally

358

Identifying Transformer Incipient Events for Maintaining Distribution System Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identifying Transformer Incipient Events for Maintaining Distribution System Reliability Karen L events in single-phase distribution transformers. This analysis will aid in the development of an automatic detection method for internal incipient faults in the transformers. The detection method can

359

Fault Diagnosis of Transformer Based on Probabilistic Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to improve the correct rate of transformer fault diagnosis based on three-ratio method of traditional dissolved gas analysis (DGA), a novel intelligent transformer fault diagnosis method based on both DGA and probabilistic neural network (PNN) ... Keywords: transformer fault diagnosis, probabilistic neural network (PNN), improved three-ratio method

Li Song; Li Xiu-ying; Wang Wen-xu

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling X. Mao, D.J. Tylavsky and G.A. McCulla Abstract: Improving the utilisation of transformers requires that the hot-spot and top. An alternative method for assessing transformer model reliability is provided. 1 Introduction The maximally

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Transformer Thermal Modeling: Improving Reliability Using Data Quality Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Transformer Thermal Modeling: Improving Reliability Using Data Quality Control Daniel J. Tylavsky--Eventually all large transformers will be dynamically loaded using models updated regularly from field measured data. Models obtained from measured data give more accurate results than models based on transformer

362

An Electronic Voltage Transformer Based on WLAN Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electronic voltage transformer based on WLAN technology is developed for adapting to the development trends of substations’ synthesis automation. The transformer is composed of voltage-to-current conversion unit, signal processing unit and data ... Keywords: electronic voltage transformer, voltage-to-current conversion, WLAN technology, digital interface, wireless communication

Jianqin Feng; Qingming Wang; Fen Niu; Guangzhao Cui; Anping Zheng

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Handwriting documents denoising and indexing using hermite transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new system for handwriting documents denoising and indexing. This work is based on the Hermite Transform, which is a polynomial transform and a good model of the human visual system (HVS). We use this transformation to decompose ...

Stéphane Bres; Véronique Eglin; Carlos Rivero

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Discrete Wavelet Transform: Architectures, Design and Performance Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the demand for real time wavelet processors in applications such as video compression [1], Internet communications compression [2], object recognition [3], and numerical analysis, many architectures for the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) systems ... Keywords: computer architecture, digital filters, digital signal processors, discrete transforms, wavelet transforms

Michael Weeks; Magdy Bayoumi

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Robust Policies for the Transformer Acquisition and Allocation Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Abstract As the electric transmission system in the U.S. ages, mitigating the risk of high-voltage trans of historical data. A number of authors have tackled issues of transformer allocation. Chowdhury and Koval (2005 transformer hazard rate curves. In Enders et al. (2007) we explore the locational aspects of transformer

Powell, Warren B.

366

Two Classes of Elliptic Discrete Fourier Transforms: Properties and Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the block structure of the matrix of the N-point discrete Fourier transform (DFT) in the real space R 2N . Each block of this matrix corresponds to the Givens transformation, or elementary rotation ... Keywords: Discrete Fourier transform, Fourier analysis, Signal and image processing

Artyom M. Grigoryan

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Ant Colony Optimisation solution to distribution transformer planning problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a stochastic optimisation method, based on Ant Colony Optimisation (ACO), for the optimal choice of transformer sizes to be installed in a distribution network. This method is properly introduced to the solution of the Optimal ... Keywords: ACO, OTS, ant colony optimisation, distribution network planning, energy loss cost, optimal transformer sizing, thermal loading, transformers

Eleftherios I. Amoiralis; Pavlos S. Georgilakis; Marina A. Tsili; Antonios G. Kladas

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

EPRI Intelligent Universal Transformer (IUT TM): 2007 Progress Summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Intelligent Universal Transformer (IUT) is in the early stages of development. This device will serve as a multi-function replacement for conventional distribution transformers. The IUT will provide numerous system operating benefits and added functionality compared to conventional transformers. This report presents the project status and results as of the end of 2007.

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

369

When Catalysis is Useful for Probabilistic Entanglement Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine all $2\\times 2$ quantum states that can serve as useful catalysts for a given probabilistic entanglement transformation, in the sense that they can increase the maximal transformation probability. When higher-dimensional catalysts are considered, a sufficient and necessary condition is derived under which a certain probabilistic transformation has useful catalysts.

Yuan Feng; Runyao Duan; Mingsheng Ying

2004-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

370

Reliability centered maintenance of power transformers and circuit breakers  

SciTech Connect

At the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), we have historically maintained high voltage equipment. Including transformers and power circuit breakers, on a time driven basis. While this has served our needs in the past, newer methods are needed to effectively maintain the power system in future years. Today aging equipment, maintenance backlogs, and budget constraints are a reality. BPA has initiated a research and development project to examine reliability centered maintenance (RCM) as an alternative to time based maintenance on high voltage equipment. Under RCM, the performance of each place of equipment is to be monitored by observing many operating parameters. For example, with circuit breakers we will observe (measure) the trip time, accumulated contact wear using I{sup 2}T, timing of the mechanism, plus several other parameters. Equipment performing below a predetermined level, or equipment having accumulated a large amount of ``usage`` will receive maintenance. The maintenance will restore full performance and preserve an acceptable service life for that piece of equipment. To develop and evaluate RCM concepts, BPA is installing a prototype system at our Alvey Substation on 4 transformers and 25 breakers.

Purucker, S.L.; Goeltz, R.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Hemmelman, K.; Price, R. [Bonneville Power Administration, Van Couver, WA (United States)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Ambient-temperature Conditioning as a Probe of Double-C Transformation Mechanisms in Pu-2.0 at. % Ga  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gallium-stabilized Pu-2.0 at. % Ga alloy undergoes a partial or incomplete low-temperature martensitic transformation from the metastable {delta} phase to the gallium-containing, monoclinic {alpha}{prime} phase near -100 C. This transformation has been shown to occur isothermally and it displays anomalous double-C kinetics in a time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagram, where two nose temperatures anchoring an upper- and lower-C describe minima in the time for the initiation of transformation. The underlying mechanisms responsible for the double-C behavior are currently unresolved, although recent experiments suggest that a conditioning treatment--wherein, following an anneal at 375 C, the sample is held at a sub-anneal temperature for a period of time--significantly influences the upper-C of the TTT diagram. As such, elucidating the effects of the conditioning treatment upon the {delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime} transformation can provide valuable insights into the fundamental mechanisms governing the double-C kinetics of the transition. Following a high-temperature anneal, a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) was used to establish an optimal conditioning curve that depicts the amount of {alpha}{prime} formed during the transformation as a function of conditioning temperature for a specified time. With the optimal conditioning curve as a baseline, the DSC was used to explore the circumstances under which the effects of the conditioning treatment were destroyed, resulting in little or no transformation.

Jeffries, J R; Blobaum, K M; Wall, M A; Schwartz, A J

2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

372

Characteristics of graphene FET directly transformed from a resist pattern through interfacial graphitization of liquid gallium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We found that an extremely thin resist pattern on silicon dioxide can be directly transformed into a graphene field effect transistor (FET) channel via interfacial graphitization of liquid gallium. These patterned graphene FETs have p-type characteristics ... Keywords: Conductance, FET, Gallium, Graphene, Graphitization, Resist, Solid phase reaction

Jun-ichi Fujita; Ryuichi Ueki; Takuya Nishijima; Yosuke Miyazawa

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

The Effect of Temperature on Dielectric Permitivity and Microwave ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dielectric property and microwave absorption property of anthracite were measured ... Effect of Continuous Cooling Rate on Microstructural Transformation of ...

374

Conductor requirements for high-temperature superconducting utility power transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-temperature superconducting (HTS) coated conductors in utility power transformers must satisfy a set of operating requirements that are driven by two major considerations-HTS transformers must be economically competitive with conventional units, and the conductor must be robust enough to be used in a commercial manufacturing environment. The transformer design and manufacturing process will be described in order to highlight the various requirements that it imposes on the HTS conductor. Spreadsheet estimates of HTS transformer costs allow estimates of the conductor cost required for an HTS transformer to be competitive with a similarly performing conventional unit.

Pleva, E. F. [Waukesha Electric Systems, Waukesha, WI; Mehrotra, V. [Waukesha Electric Systems, Waukesha, WI; Schwenterly, S W [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

D-7: Quantification of Compositional Effects on Transformation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two HSLAS containing Niobium (Nb) and either Molybdenum (Mo) or ... D-9: Study of Shear Behavior of Al, TiN, and Their Interface Using ab intio Method.

376

Effect of Microstructure on Retained Austenite Transformation and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mercury Oxidation and Capture over SCR Catalysts in Simulated Coal Combustion Flue Gas · Microstructural Characterization of Fe-Mn-C Ternary Alloy under ...

377

Ultrafine-grain Effect on Martensitic Transformation in a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

D8: Study of Rack and Chord Assembly Formability for Jack-up Platforms ... Zone of Zr-Ti Microalloyed High-strength High-toughness Offshore Structural Steels.

378

Size Effects on the Martensitic Transformation in Shape Memory ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanoscale Creep-fatigue Behavior of Indium at Room Temperature ... Wear and Environmental Resistance of Laser-fabricated Oxides on Steel and Ti.

379

Investigation of Effect of Zr Allotropic Transformation on Interdiffusion ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pair Distribution Function Analysis of Irradiated Cladding and Duct Reactor ... for Primary Coolant Pipe of Nuclear Power Plants and Its Influence on Localized ... Changes and Corrosion Resistance of Ti-5Ta-2Nb/304L SS Explosive Clads in ...

380

Effects of Power System Harmonics on Distribution Transformer Insulation Performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Floating feeder resonances are one of the new challenges being put forward by the renewable energy based distributed generation (DG) installations. Generally, the harmonic injection… (more)

Hamid, Muhammad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Scaling of the Longitudinal Electric Field and Transformer Ratio in a Nonlinear Plasma Wakefield Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scaling of the two important figures of merit, the transformer ratio T and the longitudinal electric field E{sub z}, with the peak drive-bunch current I{sub p}, in a nonlinear plasma wakefield accelerator is presented for the first time. The longitudinal field scales as I{sub P}{sup 0.623{+-}0.007}, in good agreement with nonlinear wakefield theory ({approx}I{sub P}{sup 0.5}), while the unloaded transformer ratio is shown to be greater than unity and scales weakly with the bunch current. The effect of bunch head erosion on both parameters is also discussed.

Blumenfeld, I.; /SLAC; Clayton, C.E.; /UCLA; Decker, F.J.; Hogan, M.J.; /SLAC; Huang, C.; /UCLA; Ischebeck, R.; Iverson, R.H.; /SLAC; Joshi, C.; /UCLA; Katsouleas, T.; /Southern California U.; Kirby, N.; /SLAC; Lu, W.; Marsh, K.A.; Mori, W.B.; /UCLA; Muggli, P.; Oz, E.; /Southern California U.; Siemann, R.H.; Walz, D.R.; /SLAC; Zhou, M.; /UCLA

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

382

Swift heavy ion irradiation of Pt nanocrystals: I. shape transformation and dissolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the effects of swift heavy ion irradiation of embedded Pt nanocrystals (NCs), which change from spheres to prolate spheroids to rods upon irradiation. Using a broad range of ion irradiation energies and NC mean sizes we demonstrate that the elongation and dissolution processes are energy and size dependent, attaining comparable levels of shape transformation and dissolution upon a given energy density deposited in the matrix. The NC shape transformation remains operative despite discontinuous ion tracks in the matrix and exhibits a constant threshold size for elongation. In contrast, for ion irradiations in which the ion tracks are continuous, the threshold size for elongation is clearly energy dependent.

Giulian, R.; Araujo, L.L.; Kluth, P.; Sprouster, D.J.; Schnohr, C.S.; Byrne, A.P.; Ridgway, M.C. (ANU)

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

383

Transformer current sensor for superconducting magnetic coils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a current transformer for operating currents larger than 2kA (two kiloamps) that is capable of detecting a millivolt level resistive voltage in the presence of a large inductive voltage. Specifically, the present invention includes substantially cylindrical primary turns arranged to carry a primary current and substantially cylindrical secondary turns arranged coaxially with and only partially within the primary turns, the secondary turns including an active winding and a dummy winding, the active and dummy windings being coaxial, longitudinally separated and arranged to mutually cancel voltages excited by commonly experienced magnetic fields, the active winding but not the dummy winding being arranged within the primary turns.

Shen, S.S.; Wilson, C.T.

1985-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

384

An informal introduction to program transformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the summer of 1992, I had the opportunity to participate in a Faculty Research Program, at Argonne National Laboratory. During that time I came in contact with some developments in computer science that were unfamiliar to me as a mathematician. Since most mathematicians have some exposure to computers, but certainly are not computer scientists, I felt it was appropriate to write a paper summarizing my introduction to program transformation. This paper is not meant to be a full explanation of the topic, but an informal introduction for the ``mathematical layman.``

Hopkins, K.W. [Southwest Baptist Univ., Bolivar, MO (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Lorentz Transformation Equations in Galilean Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the notion, developed in an earlier paper, of "representation" of "position" by a vector in a vector space with an inner product, we show that the Lorentz Transformation Equations relating positions in two different reference frames can be put in a particularly simple form which could be said to be "Galilean". We emphasize that two different reference frames can use a common vector space for representation but with two different inner products. The inner products are defined through the observational set-up of each frame.

S. D. Agashe

2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

386

Transforming the U.S. Energy Infrastructure  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. energy infrastructure is among the most reliable, accessible and economic in the world. On the other hand, the U.S. energy infrastructure is excessively reliant on foreign sources of energy, experiences high volatility in energy prices, does not practice good stewardship of finite indigenous energy resources and emits significant quantities of greenhouse gases (GHG). This report presents a Technology Based Strategy to achieve a full transformation of the U.S. energy infrastructure that corrects these negative factors while retaining the positives.

Larry Demick

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Definition: Phase Angle Regulating Transformer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Angle Regulating Transformer Angle Regulating Transformer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Phase Angle Regulating Transformer Transformers that enable phase-angle control between the primary (source) and the secondary (load) side to create a phase shift between the primary side voltage and the secondary side voltage. The purpose of this phase shift is to control the real power flow through interconnected power systems.[1] Also Known As phase angle regulating transformers (PARs) Related Terms transformer, real power, smart grid References ↑ [www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/description_of_assets.pdf SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Assets'] An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Phase_Angle_Regulating_Transformer&oldid=502556"

388

Secretary Chu Discovers Transformers in Wisconsin | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Discovers Transformers in Wisconsin Discovers Transformers in Wisconsin Secretary Chu Discovers Transformers in Wisconsin June 30, 2011 - 1:01pm Addthis Employees of the Waukesha Electric Systems give Secretary Chu a tour of the transformer manufacturing plant. | Courtesy of Waukesha Electric Systems Employees of the Waukesha Electric Systems give Secretary Chu a tour of the transformer manufacturing plant. | Courtesy of Waukesha Electric Systems Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs While Americans head to the box office this weekend to check out the latest "Transformers" movie on the big screen, the Energy Department's Secretary Chu checked out a different kind of transformer being manufactured in Wisconsin. They may not be as charismatic as Optimus Prime or Bumblebee, but the

389

Optimization of distribution transformer efficiency characteristics. Final report, March 1979  

SciTech Connect

A method for distribution transformer loss evaluation was derived. The total levalized annual cost method was used and was extended to account properly for conditions of energy cost inflation, peak load growth, and transformer changeout during the evaluation period. The loss costs included were the no-load and load power losses, no-load and load reactive losses, and the energy cost of regulation. The demand and energy components of loss costs were treated separately to account correctly for the diversity of load losses and energy cost inflation. The complete distribution transformer loss evaluation equation is shown, with the nomenclature and definitions for the parameters provided. Tasks described are entitled: Establish Loss Evaluation Techniques; Compile System Cost Parameters; Compile Load Parameters and Loading Policies; Develop Transformer Cost/Performance Relationship; Define Characteristics of Multiple Efficiency Transformer Package; Minimize Life Cycle Cost Based on Single Efficiency Characteristic Transformer Design; Minimize Life Cycle Cost Based on Multiple Efficiency Characteristic Transformer Design; and Interpretation.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

2010 Solar Market Transformation Analysis and Tools | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2010 Solar Market Transformation Analysis and Tools 2010 Solar Market Transformation Analysis and Tools Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: 2010 Solar Market Transformation Analysis and Tools Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar Topics: Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/2010_mt_overview.pdf 2010 Solar Market Transformation Analysis and Tools Screenshot References: 2010 Solar Market Transformation Analysis and Tools[1] This document describes the DOE-funded solar market transformation analysis and tools under developm This document describes the DOE-funded solar market transformation analysis and tools under development in FY10 so that stakeholders can access

391

Quantum Optical Version of Classical Optical Transformations and Beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By the newly developed technique of integration within an ordered product (IWOP) of operators, we explore quantum optical version of classical optical transformations such as optical Fresnel transform, Hankel transform, fractional Fourier transform, Wigner transform, wavelet transform and Fresnel-Hadmard combinatorial transform etc. In this way one may gain benefit for developing classical optics theory from the research in quantum optics, or vice-versa. We can not only find some new quantum mechanical unitary operators which correspond to the known optical transformations, deriving a new theorem for calculating quantum tomogram of density operators, but also can reveal some new classical optical transformations. We derive GFO's normal product form and its canonical coherent state representation and find that GFO is the loyal representation of symplectic group multiplication rule. We show that GFT is just the transformation matrix element of GFO in the coordinate representation such that two successive GFTs is still a GFT. The ABCD rule of the Gaussian beam propagation is directly demonstrated in the context of quantum optics. Especially, the introduction of quantum mechanical entangled state representations opens up a new area to finding new classical optical transformations. The complex wavelet transform and the condition of mother wavelet are studied in the context of quantum optics too. Throughout our discussions, the coherent state, the entangled state representation of the two-mode squeezing operators and the IWOP technique are fully used. All these confirms Dirac's assertion: " ... for a quantum dynamic system that has a classical analogue, unitary transformation in the quantum theory is the analogue of contact transformation in the classical theory".

Hong-yi Fan; Li-yun Hu

2010-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

392

Optimization of Drive-Bunch Current Profile for Enhanced Transformer Ratio in Beam-Driven Acceleration Techniques  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, wakefield acceleration has gained attention due to its high acceleration gradients and cost effectiveness. In beam-driven wakefield acceleration, a critical parameter to optimize is the transformer ratio. It has been shown that current shaping of electron beams allows for enhanced (> 2) transformer ratios. In this paper we present the optimization of the pulse shape of the drive bunch for dielectric-wakefield acceleration.

Lemery, F.; Mihalcea, D.; Prokop, C.R.; /Northern Illinois U.; Piot, P.; /Northern Illinois U. /Fermilab

2012-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

393

Team China Transforms Shipping Containers into a Solar-Powered House |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Team China Transforms Shipping Containers into a Solar-Powered Team China Transforms Shipping Containers into a Solar-Powered House Team China Transforms Shipping Containers into a Solar-Powered House June 16, 2011 - 3:31pm Addthis Team China's Y Container design model | Courtesy of the Solar Decathlon's Flickr photostream Team China's Y Container design model | Courtesy of the Solar Decathlon's Flickr photostream Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs In honor of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive -- we are profiling each of the 20 teams participating in the competition. Design aesthetics, engineering, marketing appeal -- these are just a few of

394

Fundamental limits on energy transfer and circuit considerations for piezoelectric transformers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—This work investigates fundamental limits on electromechanical energy conversion capacity of piezoelectric transformers by considering a work cycle analysis. Fundamental limitations in a lossless piezoelectric transformer are imposed by maximum electric field strength, maximum surface charge density, maximum stress, and maximum strain. For the lossless case, our analysis indicates that the mechanical stress limit is the effective constraint in typical PZT materials. For a specific PZT-5H sample considered, a mechanical stress-limited work cycle indicates that this material can handle 330 W/cm3 at 100 kHz. A second direction this work has taken has been an investigation into a soft-switching drive and control circuit, that does not require any magnetic components. The theory of operation of softswitching resonant drive circuitry is discussed, and experimental results on a soft-switching inverter incorporating no magnetic components are reported. Index Terms—Piezoelectric, soft-switching, transformer, work cycle.

Anita M. Flynn; Seth R. S

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

PHOTOSYNTHETIC CHARACTERISTICS OF TRANSFORMED TOBACCO PLANTS GROWN IN VITRO AFTER THEIR TRANSPLANTATION IN NATURAL CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary. The rate of photosynthesis and changes in chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of transformed tobacco plants grown in vitro and after their transplantation in natural conditions were studied. It was found that in vitro conditions limited photosynthetic incorporation of CO 2 in the leaves of transformants probably because of restricted gas exchange in the vials. In vitro conditions also caused lower photochemical effectiveness (lower F v, and F v/F m ratio). However, after transplanting the transformed tobacco plants and their acclimation to natural conditions the parameters investigated reached normal values. These results show that the genetic transformation had not influence the photosynthetic characteristics of tobacco line CMS/81 as well as its acclimation ability. Key words: acclimation, chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, gas exchange, transformed tobacco plants Abbreviations: BAP – benzylaminopurine; F 0, F v and F m – initial, variable and maximal chlorophyll fluorescence; Km – kanamycin; PS1, PS2 – photosystem 1, photosystem 2; q P and q N – photochemical and non-photochemical quenching; RC(s) – reaction centre(s); NAA – naphtalene acetic acid; PSA – photosynthetic apparatus

Katya Georgieva; Ivan Yordanov; Antoaneta Kroumova

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

New Mexican taxes to transform Pemex capital spending strategy  

SciTech Connect

Mexico's government this year will introduce petroleum tax reforms that will transform how its state owned petroleum company approaches capital spending. Effective Jan. 1, 1994, the Mexican government began to implement a revamped tax regime designed to accompany the breakup of Petroleos Mexicanos into four new operating subsidiaries. Each of the four new companies -- Pemex Exploration and Production, Pemex Refining, Pemex Natural Gas and Basic Petrochemicals, and Pemex Secondary Petrochemicals -- will be responsible for paying a new income tax. Levies on E and P will be tied to a ring-fence mechanism tailored after the scheme employed by the U.K. and Norwegian governments in the North Sea. The paper discusses the affected investment rationale, the North Sea ring-fence model, other tax changes, and shifting the burden.

Not Available

1994-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

397

Image retrieval by Kekre's transform applied on each row of Walsh transformed VQ codebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new technique for image retrieval using the color-texture features extracted from images based on vector quantization with Kekre's fast codebook generation is proposed. This gives better discrimination capability for CBIR. Here the database image ... Keywords: CBIR, KFCG, Kekre's transform, Walsh, color-texture feature, vector quantization

H. B. Kekre; T. K. Sarode; S. D. Thepade

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Symposium Proceedings: Transformer Reliability: Management of Static Electrification in Power Transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Certain mitigation procedures could have prevented most of the known static electrification failures of very large forced-oil-cooled power transformers. This conclusion was confirmed at an EPRI-sponsored symposium where participants shared worldwide research results and field experiences spanning 15 years.

1999-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

399

Transforming the Market for Commercial and Industrial Distribution Transformers: A Government, Manufacturer, and Utility Collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution transformers offer a largely untapped opportunity for efficiency improvements in buildings. Application of energy-efficient equipment can reduce transformer losses by about 20%, substantially cutting a facility’s total electricity bill and offering typical paybacks less than three years. Since nearly all of the electricity powering the commercial and industrial sectors is stepped down in voltage by facility-owned distribution transformers, broad application of energy-efficient equipment will lead to huge economy-wide energy and dollar savings as well as associated environmental benefits. This opportunity has led to a multi-party coordinated effort that offers a new model for national partnerships to pursue market transformation. The model, called the Informal Collaborative Model for the purposes of this paper, is characterized by voluntary commitments of multiple stakeholders to carry out key market interventions in a coordinated fashion, but without pooling resources or control. Collaborative participants are joined by a common interest in establishing and expanding the market for a new product, service, or practice that will yield substantial energy savings. This paper summarizes the technical efficiency opportunity available in distribution

Andrew Delaski; Consortium For Energy Efficiency

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Characterization of Solid State Phase Transformation in Continuously Heated and Cooled Ferritic Weld Metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arc welding processes involve cooling rates that vary over a wide range (1-100 K/s). The final microstructire is thus a product of the heating and cooling cycles experienced by the weld in addition to the weld composition. It has been shown that the first phase to form under weld cooling conditions may not be that predicted by equilibrium calculations. The partitioning of different interstitial/substitutional alloying elements at high temperatures can dramatically affect the subsequent phase transformations. In order to understand the effect of alloying on phase transformation temperatures and final microstructures time-resolved X-ray diffraction technique has been successfully used for characterization. The work by Jacot and Rappaz on pearlitic steels provided insight into austenitization of hypoeutectic steels using a finite volume model. However there is very little work done on the effect of heating and cooling rates on the phase transformation paths in bainitic/martensitic steels and weld metals. Previous work on a weld with higher aluminum content, deposited with a FCAW-S process indicated that even at aluminum levels where the primary phase to solidify from liquid should be delta ferrite, non-equilibrium austenite was observed. The presence of inhomogeneity in composition of the parent microstructure has been attributed to differences in transformation modes, temperatures and microstructures in dual-phase, TRIP steels and ferritic welds. The objectives of the work included the identification of the stability regions of different phases during heating and cooling, differences in the effect of weld heating and cooling rates on the phase transformation temperatures, and the variation in phase fractions of austenite and ferrite in the two phase regions as a function of temperature. The base composition used for the present work is a Fe-1%Al-2%Mn-1%Ni-0.04%C weld metal. A pseudo-binary phase diagram shows the expected solidification path under equilibrium conditions. However, the effect of heating and cooling rates on the phase transformation path due to non-equilibrium partitioning of alloying elements cannot be predicted by equilibrium phase diagrams. Also, it is unclear if there is retention of delta ferrite to room temperature due to compositional or thermal effects. This would dramatically affect the austenite to ferrite transformation due to carbon and nitrogen enrichment in the austenite.

Narayana, B [Ohio State University, The, Columbus; Mills, Michael J. [Ohio State University, The, Columbus; Specht, Eliot D [ORNL; Santella, Michael L [ORNL; Babu, Sudarsanam Suresh [Ohio State University, The, Columbus

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A range description for the planar circular Radon transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transform considered in the paper integrates a function supported in the unit disk on the plane over all circles centered at the boundary of this disk. Such circular Radon transform arises in several contemporary imaging techniques, as well as in other applications. As it is common for transforms of Radon type, its range has infinite co-dimension in standard function spaces. Range descriptions for such transforms are known to be very important for computed tomography, for instance when dealing with incomplete data, error correction, and other issues. A complete range description for the circular Radon transform is obtained. Range conditions include the recently found set of moment type conditions, which happens to be incomplete, as well as the rest of conditions that have less standard form. In order to explain the procedure better, a similar (non-standard) treatment of the range conditions is described first for the usual Radon transform on the plane.

Gaik Ambartsoumian; Peter Kuchment

2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

402

Frame transforms, star products and quantum mechanics on phase space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the notions of frame transform and of square integrable projective representation of a locally compact group $G$, we introduce a class of isometries (tight frame transforms) from the space of Hilbert-Schmidt operators in the carrier Hilbert space of the representation into the space of square integrable functions on the direct product group $G\\times G$. These transforms have remarkable properties. In particular, their ranges are reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces endowed with a suitable 'star product' which mimics, at the level of functions, the original product of operators. A 'phase space formulation' of quantum mechanics relying on the frame transforms introduced in the present paper, and the link of these maps with both the Wigner transform and the wavelet transform are discussed.

P. Aniello; V. I. Man'ko; G. Marmo

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

403

Gas/vapor- and fire-resistant transformers. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project responds to the serious need for a fire and explosion-resistant power transformer that can be produced at an acceptable cost while eliminating or reducing environmental concern. The objectives were to build three transformers with size, performance, cost, and losses equivalent to their oil counterpart. After much development of materials and systems, a gas-insulated vapor cooled system was chosen for the 2500 kVA 95 BIL unit. An immersed system utilizing perchloroethylene (C/sub 2/Cl/sub 4/) with 25% transformer oil, was used for the 1000-kVA, 200-BIL network transformer and the 5000-kVA 200-BIL substation transformer. The materials and systems developed provide safer fire-resistant transformers at near the cost of oil-insulated units but with greatly reduced dependence on the petroleum industry.

Moore, C.L.; Dakin, T.W.; Stewart, W.A.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Modeling and analysis of unsymmetrical transformer banks serving unbalanced loads  

SciTech Connect

It is a common practice to serve combination three-phase and single-phase loads from an unsymmetrical three-phase transformer bank and a four-wire secondary. Depending upon the loads and company standards, nine different transformer connections can be considered along with either an open four wire or a quadraplex secondary. The selection of the proper connection and transformer ratings can be achieved by the correct modeling and analysis of a system consisting of an equivalent source, transformer bank, secondary, and loads. This paper develops the models for the nine transformer connections, the secondary, and the loads. A computer program has been written that allows the analysis of the system for loading and short-circuit studies. The paper includes several examples of different normal and abnormal operating conditions on some of the transformer connections.

Kersting, W.H. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Coll. of Engineering; Phillips, W.H. [WH Power Consultants, Las Cruces, NM (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Transformer current sensor for superconducting magnetic coils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transformer current sensor having primary turns carrying a primary current for a superconducting coil and secondary turns only partially arranged within the primary turns. The secondary turns include an active winding disposed within the primary turns and a dummy winding which is not disposed in the primary turns and so does not experience a magnetic field due to a flow of current in the primary turns. The active and dummy windings are wound in opposite directions or connected in series-bucking relationship, and are exposed to the same ambient magnetic field. Voltages which might otherwise develop in the active and dummy windings due to ambient magnetic fields thus cancel out. The resultant voltage is purely indicative of the rate of change of current flowing in the primary turns.

Shen, Stewart S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Wilson, C. Thomas (Norris, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Power System Transient Analysis Using Wavelet Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: This paper presents time-frequency multiresolution wavelet analysis on power system transients. Since it is difficult to analyze transients on-site due to a vast amount of data recorded from a digital transient recorder, it is imperative to develop an intelligent recorder which has the ability to detect and classify different types of power system transients. In order to develop a good approach for transient data capture and analysis, one of the important steps is to model transients, so that it is more efficient for computers to extract the features from power transients and recognize them automatically. Most of transient signals are aperiodic and short-term duration signals superimposed on the power frequency. The Fourier-based transforms have been proved valuable for periodic, time-invariant, or stationary signals, but they have problems with analyzing power transients due to the lack of multiple resolution in time-frequency domain. Wavelet analysis overcomes the limitations of t...

J. Chen

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Transforming the U.S. Electricity System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The smart electric power grid of the future will integrate the traditional elements of supply and demand, transmission and distribution with new technologies such as superconductors, energy storage, customer load management, and distributed generation, using information to make them function as a ''society'' of devices in a complex, integrated system. The vision for transforming the nation's electric system ''from central generation down to customer appliances and equipment'' into a collaborative network filled with information and a myriad of market-based opportunities is being put forward by leading thinkers in the U.S Department of Energy, national laboratories, and industry as a major scientific and engineering challenge for the nation and as an important economic value proposition for ratepayers and the electric industry. An overview of this vision and some illustrative examples are the subjects of this paper.

Pratt, Robert G.

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

408

Two Paths to Transforming Markets through Public Sector Energy Efficiency:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Paths to Transforming Markets through Public Sector Energy Efficiency: Two Paths to Transforming Markets through Public Sector Energy Efficiency: Bottom Up versus Top Down Title Two Paths to Transforming Markets through Public Sector Energy Efficiency: Bottom Up versus Top Down Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-60144 Year of Publication 2006 Authors McGrory, Laura Van Wie, Philip Coleman, David Fridley, Jeffrey P. Harris, and Edgar Villasenor Franco Conference Name 2006 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 08/2006 Conference Location Pacific Grove, CA Abstract The evolution of government purchasing initiatives in Mexico and China, part of the PEPS (Promoting an Energy-efficient Public Sector) program, demonstrates the need for flexibility in designing energy-efficiency strategies in the public sector. Several years of pursuing a top-down (federally led) strategy in Mexico produced few results, and it was not until the program was restructured in 2004 to focus on municipal-level purchasing that the program gained momentum. Today, a new partnership with the Mexican federal government is leading to an intergovernmental initiative with strong support at the federal level. By contrast, the PEPS purchasing initiative in China was successfully initiated and led at the central government level with strategic support from international experts. The very different success trajectories in these two countries provide valuable lessons for designing country-specific public sector energy-efficiency initiatives. Enabling conditions for any successful public sector purchasing initiative include the existence of mandatory energy-efficiency performance standards, an effective energy-efficiency endorsement labeling program, an immediate need for energy conservation, a simple pilot phase (focusing on a limited number of strategically chosen products), and specialized technical assistance. Top-down purchasing programs are likely to be more successful where there is high-level political endorsement and a national procurement law in place, supported by a network of trained purchasers. Bottom-up (municipally led) purchasing programs require that municipalities have the authority to set their own purchasing policies, and also benefit from existing networks of cities, supported by motivated municipal leaders and trained purchasing officials.

409

Multichannel generalization of eigen-phase preserving supersymmetric transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We generalize eigen-phase preserving (EPP) supersymmetric (SUSY) transformations to $N>2$ channel Schr\\"odinger equation with equal thresholds. It is established that EPP SUSY transformations exist only in the case of even number of channels, $N=2M$. A single EPP SUSY transformation provides an $M(M-1)+2$ parametric deformation of the matrix Hamiltonian without affecting eigen-phase shifts of the scattering matrix.

Andrey M. Pupasov-Maksimov

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

410

EPRI Power Transformer Guidebook Development: The Copper Book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are losing many of their subject matter experts due to retirement and downsizing. This is particularly true in the case of power transformers, so there is now a critical need for a comprehensive transformer reference book geared toward utility engineers. In 2007, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) published the technical update report Transformer Guidebook Design (1013799). That report described the results of the initial project to develop the Copper Book, a ...

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

411

Industry-Wide Transformer Database: Key Findings and Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the development and application of the Electric Power Research Institute’s (EPRI’s) Industry-Wide Database (IDB) for power transformers. The IDB is a repository of detailed transformer performance data. Analysis of these data can provide information about the past performance of power transformers and the factors that influence that performance. With enough data, projections can be made about future performance, such as expected service life. Both past and ...

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

412

Transformer Life Extension: Membrane Technologies for Lifelong Oil Filtration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture and oxygen are two key factors aging oil and paper in a power transformer; therefore, they must be kept low. An on-line system using a hollow fiber membrane unit removes moisture and oxygen continuously from the oil of an operational transformer. This technical update describes previous work using hollow fiber membranes and vacuum, and details novel techniques applied to extend power transformer life.The project team designed, built, commissioned, and partially aged two models ...

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

413

Quadratic supersymmetric transformations of the Dirac Green functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the quadratic supersymmetric aspect of the Darboux transformation for the Green functions of the one-dimensional Dirac equation with a generalized form of the potential. We obtain the relation between the initial and the transformed Green functions on the whole real line. We also construct the formula for the unabridged trace of the difference of the transformed and the initial Green functions of the boundary problem on the whole real line. We present an example illustrated our developments.

Ekaterina Pozdeeva

2007-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

414

PTLOAD: Comparison of Calculation Results Against Transformer Loading Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power transformers are one of the most expensive components of any transmission system. Energy companies need to maximize utilization of these assets, while at the same time protecting them from damage and ensuring system reliability. To assist utilities in planning transformer loading, PTLOAD implements calculation methods from Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) C57.91-1995, "Guide for Loading Mineral-Oil-Immersed Transformers," as well as the International Electrotechnical Commiss...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

415

Improved technique for one-way transformation of information  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are provided for one-way transformation of data according to multiplication and/or exponentiation modulo a prime number. An implementation of the invention permits the one way residue transformation, useful in encryption and similar applications, to be implemented by n-bit computers substantially with no increase in difficulty or complexity over a natural transformation thereby, using a modulus which is a power of two. 9 figs.

Cooper, J.A.

1987-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

416

solidification and solid state phase transformation of allvac 718plus ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solidification and solid state transformations of Allvac® 718Plus™ alloy were studied ... ?'/?" precipitate state and ? phase precipitation among others play a very ...

417

Structural Competition and Phase Transformations in Binary Ti-Nb ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural Competition and Phase Transformations in Binary Ti-Nb Alloys for Biomedical Applications · Structure and Fracture Resistance of Armored Fish Scales.

418

New inversion methods for the Lorentz Integral Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lorentz Integral Transform approach allows microscopic calculations of electromagnetic reaction cross sections without explicit knowledge of final state wave functions. The necessary inversion of the transform has to be treated with great care, since it constitutes a so-called ill-posed problem. In this work new inversion techniques for the Lorentz Integral Transform are introduced. It is shown that they all contain a regularization scheme, which is necessary to overcome the ill-posed problem. In addition it is illustrated that the new techniques have a much broader range of application than the present standard inversion method of the Lorentz Integral Transform.

Diego Andreasi; Winfried Leidemann; Christoph Reiss; Michael Schwamb

2005-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

419

A remark on primitive cycles and the Radon transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the use of Brylinski's Radon transform elucidates some points of the Green-Griffiths approach to the Hodge conjecture.

Beilinson, Alexander

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Transformation Formula of the "2nd" Order Mock Theta Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a transformation formula for the ``2nd order'' mock theta function which was recently proposed in connection with the quantum invariant for the Seifert manifold.

Kazuhiro Hikami

2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Saturable inductor and transformer structures for magnetic pulse compression  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Saturable inductor and transformer for magnetic compression of an electronic pulse, using a continuous electrical conductor looped several times around a tightly packed core of saturable inductor material.

Birx, Daniel L. (Londonderry, NH); Reginato, Louis L. (Orinda, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Low Loss, High Power Density Magnetics in Inductor/Transformer ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The former power requirements motivate high efficiency materials for use in bulk scale inductors and transformers. The magnetic material requirements include ...

423

Impact of Geomagnetically Induced Currents on Power Transformers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis deals with the impact of Geomagnetically Induced Current (GIC) on power transformers in electrical power systems. A simulator to calculate the flows of… (more)

Berge, Jonathan E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Dominican Republic-Fast-Track Development of Transformative  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominican Republic-Fast-Track Development of Transformative Dominican Republic-Fast-Track Development of Transformative Climate-Compatible Development Plans and Building of Regional and Local Capacities Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Dominican Republic-Fast-Track Development of Transformative Climate-Compatible Development Plans and Building of Regional and Local Capacities Name Dominican Republic-Fast-Track Development of Transformative Climate-Compatible Development Plans and Building of Regional and Local Capacities Agency/Company /Organization Coalition for Rainforest Nations Focus Area Economic Development Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Guide/manual, Presentation Website http://www.rainforestcoalition Country Dominican Republic UN Region Caribbean

425

Adaptive discrete cosine transform for feedback active noise control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory and performance of adaptive discrete cosine transform filters for feedback active noise control (ANC) is examined. The discrete cosine transform filter is a realization of an FIR filter as the cascade of an all-zero FIR filter with a bank ... Keywords: FIR filter, IIR digital resonators bank, active noise control, adaptive discrete cosine transform filters, adaptive filter, all-zero FIR filter, discrete cosine transform filter, feedback active noise control, filter-X LMS implementation, frequency, magnitude coefficient, phase coefficient, single error microphone, single loudspeaker, transfer function

G. Coutu; M. Dignan

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Transforming BIM to BEM: Generation of Building Geometry for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transforming BIM to BEM: Generation of Building Geometry for the NASA Ames Sustainability Base BIM NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are...

427

Feasibility of SF6 Gas-Insulated Transformers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feasibility of SF 6 Gas-Insulated Transformers Brandon Bouwman, P.E. Electrical Engineer, Generation Equipment Section Hydroelectric Design Center 14 June 2012 BUILDING STRONG ...

428

Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials '05  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 1, 2005 ... Print Book: The Selected Works of John W. Cahn. Print Book: Lectures on the Theory of Phase Transformations: Second Edition. Print Book: ...

429

Transforming the Oil Industry into the Energy Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

innovation and lets industry pick winning technologies. TheTransforming the Oil Industry intothe Energy Industry BY DANIEL SPERLING AND SONIA YEH A C C E

Sperling, Daniel; Yeh, Sonia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Neutron Stress, Texture, and Phase Transformation for Industry...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NST2 Neutron Stress, Texture, and Phase Transformation for Industry April 19, 2007 Spallation Neutron Source Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN Presentation PDF's & Group...

431

Transformative role of computation and 'big data' | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

role of computation and 'big data' Transformative role of computation and 'big data' SEAB - Foster presentation.pdf More Documents & Publications Slide 1 Nuclear Science and...

432

Localized Phase Transformation in Amorphous Fe-Si-B Ribbons ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Fe-based amorphous alloys are used in modern transformers to reduce the core losses as they exhibit excellent permeability and increased ...

433

Institute of Computer Science Transformations enabling to construct ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Computer Science. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Transformations enabling to construct limited-memory Broyden class methods.

434

An ethnographic case study of transformative learning in leadership development.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This qualitative study investigated how transformative learning and membership in a community of practice influenced leadership development. It sought a phenomenological understanding of how participants… (more)

Powell, Linda Chastain

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Role of Business Systems in Achieving Market Transformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Title The Role of Business Systems in Achieving Market Transformation Publication Type Book Chapter Year of Publication 2012 Authors Payne, Christopher T. Book Title Procurement,...

436

Aldose-Ketose Transformation for Separation and/or Chemical ...  

... Energy Innovation Portal on Google; Bookmark Aldose-Ketose Transformation for Separation and/or Chemical Conversion of C6 and C5 Sugars from ...

437

Transformation of the equatorial proper motion to the Galactic system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present simple analytical equations to transform proper motion vectors from equatorial to Galactic coordinates. These equations do not appear in the literature.

Poleski, Rados?aw

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Transformer Ratio Enhancement Using A Ramped Bunch Train In A...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

wakefleld accelerator - i.e. with either plasma or structure based wakefield accelerators. It is known that the transformer ratio cannot generally be greater than 2 for a...

439

Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Service: a Report to the United States Congress Pursuant to Section 1816 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (August 2006) Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile...

440

Comments of the Institute for Market Transformation on the Dept...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Institute for Market Transformation on the Dept. of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Design Standards for New Federal Buildings: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Comments of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Art and Culture: The Transformation of Louisville's East Market District.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The transformation of Louisville's East Market district is a nearby example of the positive impact art and culture can have on urban neighborhoods. Furthermore, it… (more)

Makela, Daniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

NoVaS Transformations: Flexible Inference for Volatility Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Correlation Forecasting” in G. Elliott, C.W.J.Handbook of Economic Forecasting, Amsterdam: North-Holland,Transformations”, forthcoming in Forecasting in the Presence

Politis, Dimitris N; Thomakos, Dimitrios D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Designing, testing, and analyzing coupled, flux transformer heat.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The proposed research involves designing, testing, and ics. analyzing a coupled, flux transformer heat pipe system following the patent of Oktay and Peterson (1997). Experiments… (more)

Renzi, Kimberly Irene

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Power transformers construction, modelling & condition monitoring : final report.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Andray Bath for his final year project undertook direct learning regarding the widely used asset of the power transformer. This report summarises some of the… (more)

Bath, Andray.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Structural transformation of nickel hydroxide films during anodic oxidation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The transformation of anodically formed nickel hydroxide/oxy-hydroxide electrodes has been investigated. A mechanism is proposed for the anodic oxidation reaction, in which the reaction interface between the reduced and oxidized phases of the electrode evolves in a nodular topography that leads to inefficient utilization of the active electrode material. In the proposed nodular transformation model for the anodic oxidation reaction, nickel hydroxide is oxidized to nickel oxy-hydroxide in the region near the metal substrate. Since the nickel oxy-hydroxide is considerably more conductive than the surrounding nickel hydroxide, as further oxidation occurs, nodular features grow rapidly to the film/electrolyte interface. Upon emerging at the electrolyte interface, the reaction boundary between the nickel hydroxide and oxy-hydroxide phases spreads laterally across the film/electrolyte interface, creating an overlayer of nickel oxy-hydroxide and trapping uncharged regions of nickel hydroxide within the film. The nickel oxy-hydroxide overlayer surface facilitates the oxygen evolution side reaction. Scanning tunneling microscopy of the electrode in its charged state revealed evidence of 80 {endash} 100 Angstrom nickel oxy-hydroxide nodules in the nickel hydroxide film. In situ spectroscopic ellipsometer measurements of films held at various constant potentials agree quantitatively with optical models appropriate to the nodular growth and subsequent overgrowth of the nickel oxy-hydroxide phase. A two-dimensional, numerical finite difference model was developed to simulate the current distribution along the phase boundary between the charged and uncharged material. The model was used to explore the effects of the physical parameters that govern the electrode behavior. The ratio of the conductivities of the nickel hydroxide and oxy-hydroxide phases was found to be the dominant parameter in the system.

Crocker, R.W.; Muller, R.H.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF SUPPRESSION OF NEOPLASTIC TRANSFORMATION BY LOW DOSES OF LOW LET RADIATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We are currently funded (9/01-8/04) by the DOE Low Dose Radiation Research Program to examine mechanisms underlying the suppression of neoplastic transformation in vitro by low doses of low LET radiation. For the new studies proposed under Notice 04-21, we intend to follow up on our observation that upregulation of DNA repair may be an important factor and that its importance is dose-dependent. The experimental system will be the human hybrid cell neoplastic transformation assay that we are currently using. We propose to test the following hypothesis: Down-regulation of DNA dsb repair will abrogate the low dose suppression of neoplastic transformation. Using the technique of RNA silencing, it is proposed to test the effect of down-regulation of the two major DNA dsb repair pathways, homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ), on the dose response relationship for neoplastic transformation. Based on prior studies, we predict that this will result in abrogation of the suppressive effect at doses in the range 1 to 10 cGy, but not at lower doses. The proposed experiments will also help address the question as to which of the two DNA repair pathways may be the most important in causing suppression of transformation. HR is a pathway that is predominant in S and G2 phase cells and is known to be less error-prone than the NHEJ pathway that is predominant in G1 phase. We hypothesize that down-regulation of HR will result in the most effective abrogation of suppression. An important component of this study will be the determination of the how abrogation of DNA dsb repair impacts the spontaneous transformation frequency, presumably a consequence of endogeneous DNA damage. Experiments will be carried out using partially synchronized populations of cells enriched for G1 and S/G2 respectively. In addition to the endpoint of neoplastic transformation the impact of down-regulation of HR and NHEJ on the formation and disappearance of the DNA dsb marker, gamma-H2AX, will be studied.

J.LESIE REDPATH, PH.D.

2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

447

Trkalian fields: ray transforms and mini-twistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study X-ray and Divergent beam transforms of Trkalian fields and their relation with Radon transform. We make use of four basic mathematical methods of tomography due to Grangeat, Smith, Tuy and Gelfand-Goncharov for an integral geometric view on them. We also make use of direct approaches which provide a faster but restricted view of the geometry of these transforms. These reduce to well known geometric integral transforms on a sphere of the Radon or the spherical Curl transform in Moses eigenbasis, which are members of an analytic family of integral operators. We also discuss their inversion. The X-ray (also Divergent beam) transform of a Trkalian field is Trkalian. Also the Trkalian subclass of X-ray transforms yields Trkalian fields in the physical space. The Riesz potential of a Trkalian field is proportional to the field. Hence, the spherical mean of the X-ray (also Divergent beam) transform of a Trkalian field over all lines passing through a point yields the field at this point. The pivotal point is the simplification of an intricate quantity: Hilbert transform of the derivative of Radon transform for a Trkalian field in the Moses basis. We also define the X-ray transform of the Riesz potential (of order 2) and Biot-Savart integrals. Then, we discuss a mini-twistor respresentation, presenting a mini-twistor solution for the Trkalian fields equation. This is based on a time-harmonic reduction of wave equation to Helmholtz equation. A Trkalian field is given in terms of a null vector in C3 with an arbitrary function and an exponential factor resulting from this reduction.

K. Saygili

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

448

Multiple DC, single AC converter with a switched DC transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is an improvement of the PASC inverter, wherein the improvements include the reduction from two shorting gates per transformer to one shorting gate per transformer and replacement of active control of the shorting gate with passive control of the shorting gate. Further advantages are obtained through the use of anti-parallel gate sets.

Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Hammerstrom, Donald J. (West Richland, WA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Convergence of normal form transformations: The role of symmetries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the convergence problem for coordinate transformations which take a given vector field into Poincar\\'e-Dulac normal form. We show that the presence of linear or nonlinear Lie point symmetries can guaranteee convergence of these normalizing transformations, in a number of scenarios. As an application, we consider a class of bifurcation problems.

G. Cicogna; S. Walcher

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

450

The discrete fractional random cosine and sine transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the discrete fractional random transform (DFRNT), we present the discrete fractional random cosine and sine transforms (DFRNCT and DFRNST). We demonstrate that the DFRNCT and DFRNST can be regarded as special kinds of DFRNT and thus their mathematical properties are inherited from the DFRNT. Numeral results of DFRNCT and DFRNST for one and two dimensional functions have been given.

Zhengjun Liu; Qing Guo; Shutian Liu

2006-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

451

Multiple DC, single AC converter with a switched DC transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is an improvement of the PASC inverter, wherein the improvements include the reduction from two shorting gates per transformer to one shorting gate per transformer and replacement of active control of the shorting gate with passive control of the shorting gate. Further advantages are obtained through the use of anti-parallel gate sets. 14 figs.

Donnelly, M.K.; Hammerstrom, D.J.

1997-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

452

Determination of Response Threshold of Optical Current Transformer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For an all-electric ship, power system is not only the energy source of power distribution, but also the energy source of ship driving system, so it is the development direction of ship in future. The optical current transformer is very important in ... Keywords: Response, Resolution threshold, Optical Current Transformer, Microminiaturization

Wang Jia-Ying, Fu Hai-Yan, Zhang Guo-Qing, Yu Wen-Bin, Cheng Song, Guo Zhi-Zhong

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

2D Euclidean distance transform algorithms: A comparative survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distance transform (DT) is a general operator forming the basis of many methods in computer vision and geometry, with great potential for practical applications. However, all the optimal algorithms for the computation of the exact Euclidean DT (EDT) ... Keywords: Dijkstra's algorithm, Distance transform, computational geometry, exact Euclidean distance map, performance evaluation, shape analysis

Ricardo Fabbri; Luciano Da F. Costa; Julio C. Torelli; Odemir M. Bruno

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Evaluation of placer suboptimality via zero-change netlist transformations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce the concept of zero-change transformations to quantify the suboptimality of existing placers. Given a netlist and its placement from a placer, we formally define a class of netlist transformations that produce different netlists ... Keywords: benchmarking, placer suboptimality, wirelength

Andrew B. Kahng; Sherief Reda

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Power Transformer Failure Investigation and Root Cause Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides practical, step-by-step guidance to help utility personnel gather evidence and perform investigations on failed or retired high-voltage substation power transformers to assist in determining the cause of the transformer failure or the service condition of retired units.

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

456

Detection of Ellipses by a Modified Hough Transformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hough transformation can detect straight lines in an edge-enhanced picture, however its extension to recover ellipses requires too long a computing time. This correspondence proposes a modified method which utilizes two properties of an ellipse in ... Keywords: scene analysis, Curve detection, line fitting, Hough transformation, pattern recognition, picture processing

S. Tsuji; F. Matsumoto

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Transformer requirements for the year 2000. Final report, December 1979  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The principal objective of this program was to determine the design parameters required for transformers of the year 2000. The approach to meeting this objective was to determine the changes which may occur in transmission and distribution systems over the next twenty years, and how these changes might affect design parameters of distribution and power transformers. Emphasis was placed on domestic requirements, although the impact of international practices was factored into the overall requirements for transformers. Possible investigations that could help transformer designers meet the long term technical requirements of future transformers were also identified. The principal conclusions of this study were: 1200 kV transmission could be in service by the late 1980's and it is essential to develop 1200 kV transformers for these systems; transformer manufacturers must be prepared to supply higher MVA ratings at all voltage levels; there will be a strong demand for low-loss, minimum cost transformers; and environmental/safety, reliability, and size reduction considerations will increase in importance. (LLL)

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Speech pitch determination based on Hilbert-Huang transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pitch determination is an essential part of speech recognition and speech processing. In this paper, a new pitch determination method based on Hilbert-Huang Transform (HHT) is presented. The assumption of linearity of the speech-production process and ... Keywords: Hilbert-Huang transform, pitch determination, speech analysis

Hai Huang; Jiaqiang Pan

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Power Transformer Failure Investigation and Root Cause Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides practical, step-by-step guidance to help utility personnel gather evidence and perform investigations on failed or retired high-voltage substation power transformers to assist in determining the cause of the transformer failure or the service condition of retired units.

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

460

From Virtual Organization to E-Business: Transformational Structuration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article shows how the technical hype of 1990s has been transformed into the e-business organizations at the beginning of the 21st century. The authors took an interpretive stance in this study, grounded theory, and investigated the ontology of virtual ... Keywords: E-Business, Flexible Domination, Grounded Theory, Metaphors, Structuration Theory, Transformational Structuration, Virtualization

Pairin Katerattanakul; Ben B. Kim; James J. Lee; Bandula Jayatilaka; Ted E. Lee; Soongoo Hong

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Formal verification of compiler transformations on polychronous equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, adopting the translation validation approach, we present a formal verification process to prove the correctness of compiler transformations on systems of polychronous equations. We encode the source programs and the transformations with ... Keywords: formal verification, multi-clocked synchronous programs, polychronous model, translation validation, validated compiler

Van Chan Ngo; Jean-Pierre Talpin; Thierry Gautier; Paul Le Guernic; Loïc Besnard

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Design of Test System on Zero Sequence Current Transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zero sequence current transformer is one of the key component of permanent magnetism leakage circuit protection breaker and release relay. A C8051F120 microcontroller is used as the controller of performance test system of an intelligent zero sequence ... Keywords: zero sequence current transformer, leakage protection, microcontroller, test system

Da-neng Pi; Hai-zhou Gao

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Testing and Error Analysis of Acceleration of Rotating Transformer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the working principle of rotary transformers, the paper in-depth analyses the relationship between output voltage and rotor angle as well as speed. By using the method of series expansion and discrete, angular acceleration formula which is used ... Keywords: Rotating Transformer, Acceleration, Error of Measurement, slip frequency

Lu Xiuhe; Xue Peng

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Assessing reliability of substation spare current transformer system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper relates a case study involving Current Transformers (CTs) from the electrical system of the Companhia Hidro Elétrica do São Francisco (CHESF) in order to estimate the optimum number of spare. Two models have been considered in this ... Keywords: Monte Carlo simulation, current transformers, reliability assessment

Cristiano G. de Melo; Renata Maria Cardoso R. de Souza; Liliane R. B. Salgado

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Refactoring Composite to Visitor and Inverse Transformation in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe how to use refactoring tools to transform a Java program conforming to the Composite design pattern into a program conforming to the Visitor design pattern with the same external behavior. We also describe the inverse transformation. We use the refactoring tools provided by IntelliJ IDEA and Eclipse.

Ajouli, Akram

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

General Transformation Formulas for Fermi-Walker Coordinates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the transformation and inverse transformation, in the form of Taylor expansions, from arbitrary coordinates to Fermi-Walker coordinates in tubular neighborhoods of arbitrary timelike paths for general spacetimes. Explicit formulas for coefficients and the Jacobian matrix are given.

David Klein; Peter Collas

2007-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

467

A hit-or-miss transform for multivariate images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hit-or-miss transform (HMT) is considered to be among the fundamental operations in the morphological toolbox. Initially, it was defined for binary images, as a morphological approach to the problem of template matching, whereas its extension to ... Keywords: Colour HMT, Hit-or-miss transform, Multivariate morphology, Template matching

E. Aptoula; S. Lefèvre; C. Ronse

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

About Algorithm for Transformation of Logic Functions (ATLF)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article the algorithm for transformation of logic functions which are given by truth tables is considered. The suggested algorithm allows the transformation of many-valued logic functions with the required number of variables and can be looked in this sense as universal.

Cherbanski, Lev

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The Application of Hilbert–Huang Transforms to Meteorological Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently a new spectral technique has been developed for the analysis of aperiodic signals from nonlinear systems—the Hilbert–Huang transform. It is shown how this transform can be used to discover synoptic and climatic features: For sea level ...

Dean G. Duffy

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Wedge assembly for electrical transformer component spacing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a wedge assembly that is easily inserted between two surface to be supported thereby, and thereafter expanded to produce a selected spacing between those surfaces. This wedge assembly has two outer members that are substantially identical except that they are mirror images of each other. Oppositely directed faces of these of these outer members are substantially parallel for the purpose of contacting the surfaces to be separated. The other faces of these outer members that are directed toward each other are tapered so as to contact a center member having complementary tapers on both faces. A washer member is provided to contact a common end of the outer members, and a bolt member penetrates this washer and is threadably received in a receptor of the center member. As the bolt member is threaded into the center member, the center member is drawn further into the gap between the outer members and thereby separates these outer members to contact the surfaces to be separated. In the preferred embodiment, the contacting surfaces of the outer member and the center member are provided with guide elements. The wedge assembly is described for use in separating the secondary windings from the laminations of an electrical power transformer.

Baggett, F.E.; Cage, W.F.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

Wedge assembly for electrical transformer component spacing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a wedge assembly that is easily inserted between two surface to be supported thereby, and thereafter expanded to produce a selected spacing between those surfaces. This wedge assembly has two outer members that are substantially identical except that they are mirror images of each other. Oppositely directed faces of these of these outer members are substantially parallel for the purpose of contacting the surfaces to be separated. The other faces of these outer members that are directed toward each other are tapered so as to contact a center member having complementary tapers on both faces. A washer member is provided to contact a common end of the outer members, and a bolt member penetrates this washer and is threadably received in a receptor of the center member. As the bolt member is threaded into the center member, the center member is drawn further into the gap between the outer members and thereby separates these outer members to contact the surfaces to be separated. In the preferred embodiment, the contacting surfaces of the outer member and the center member are provided with guide elements. The wedge assembly is described for use in separating the secondary windings from the laminations of an electrical power transformer.

Baggett, F.E.; Cage, W.F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Wedge assembly for electrical transformer component spacing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wedge assembly that is easily inserted between two surfaces to be supported thereby, and thereafter expanded to produce a selected spacing between those surfaces. This wedge assembly has two outer members that are substantially identical except that they are mirror images of each other. Oppositely directed faces of these of these outer members are substantially parallel for the purpose of contacting the surfaces to be separated. The outer faces of these outer members that are directed toward each other are tapered so as to contact a center member having complementary tapers on both faces. A washer member is provided to contact a common end of the outer members, and a bolt member penetrates this washer and is threadably received in a receptor of the center member. As the bolt member is threaded into the center member, the center member is drawn further into the gap between the outer members and thereby separates these outer members to contact the surfaces to be separated. In the preferred embodiment, the contacting surfaces of the outer member and the center member are provided with guide elements. The wedge assembly is described for use in separating the secondary windings from the laminations of an electrical power transformer.

Baggett, Franklin E. (Paducah, KY); Cage, W. Franklin (LaCenter, KY)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Reactive Power Measurement Using the Wavelet Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—This paper provides the theoretical basis for the measurement of reactive and distortion powers from the wavelet transforms. The measurement of reactive power relies on the use of broad-band phase-shift networks to create concurrent in-phase currents and quadrature voltages. The wavelet real power computation resulting from these 90 phase-shift networks yields the reactive power associated with each wavelet frequency level or subband. The distortion power at each wavelet subband is then derived from the real, reactive and apparent powers of the subband, where the apparent power is the product of the v; i element pair's subband rms voltage and current. The advantage of viewing the real and reactive powers in the wavelet domain is that the domain preserves both the frequency and time relationship of these powers. In addition, the reactive power associated with each wavelet subband is a signed quantity and thus has a direction associated with it. This permits tracking the reactive power flow in each subband through the power system. Index Terms—Digital signal processing, phase shift networks, measurement, power, RMS, subband, wavelets. I.

Weon-ki Yoon; Michael J. Devaney

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Geo-Temporal Data Transformations and Visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Rui Chen and Peter Revesz Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Nebraska-Lincoln Lincoln, NE 68588, USA Representation: A geo-temporal or more generally spatio-temporal data set (x, y, z, t) has for each location (x, y) some value (z ) that varies with time (t). Such a spatio-temporal data set can be obtained by observations, for example weather stations where x and y could be longitude and latitude and z could be temperature at time instance t. Such a point set could be stored in a relational database as a single relation with four attributes and real number attribute values, but this representation would be inconvenient for querying. For example, if the weather station recorded the temperature every 72 hours for a location, then it is not easy to tell what is the best estimate for the temperature at say 100 hours at that location. Therefore, we transform a spatio-temporal data set to a constraint database representation [2, 1] with a constraint relatio...

Rui Chen; Peter Revesz

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Smart Grid - Transforming Power System Operations  

SciTech Connect

Abstract—Electric power systems are entering a new realm of operations. Large amounts of variable generation tax our ability to reliably operate the system. Couple this with a greater reliance on the electricity network to serve consumer demand that is likely to rise significantly even as we drive for greater efficiency. Trade-offs between energy and environmental needs will be constantly negotiated, while a reliable supply of electricity needs even greater assurance in a world where threats of disruption have risen. Smart grid capabilities are being proposed to help address the challenges confronting system operations. This paper reviews the impact of smart grid functionality on transforming power system operations. It explores models for distributed energy resources (DER – generation, storage, and load) that are appearing on the system. It reviews the evolving nature of electricity markets to deal with this complexity and a change of emphasis on signals from these markets to affect power system control. Smart grid capabilities will also impact reliable operations, while cyber security issues must be addressed as a culture change that influences all system design, implementation, and maintenance. Lastly, the paper explores significant questions for further research and the need for a simulation environment that supports such investigation and informs deployments to mitigate operational issues as they arise.

Widergren, Steven E.; Kirkham, Harold

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

476

FINAL REPORT: Transformational electrode drying process  

SciTech Connect

This report includes major findings and outlook from the transformational electrode drying project performance period from January 6, 2012 to August 1, 2012. Electrode drying before cell assembly is an operational bottleneck in battery manufacturing due to long drying times and batch processing. Water taken up during shipment and other manufacturing steps needs to be removed before final battery assembly. Conventional vacuum ovens are limited in drying speed due to a temperature threshold needed to avoid damaging polymer components in the composite electrode. Roll to roll operation and alternative treatments can increase the water desorption and removal rate without overheating and damaging other components in the composite electrode, thus considerably reducing drying time and energy use. The objective of this project was the development of an electrode drying procedure, and the demonstration of processes with no decrease in battery performance. The benchmark for all drying data was an 80°C vacuum furnace treatment with a residence time of 18 – 22 hours. This report demonstrates an alternative roll to roll drying process with a 500-fold improvement in drying time down to 2 minutes and consumption of only 30% of the energy compared to vacuum furnace treatment.

Claus Daniel, C.; Wixom, M. (A123 Systems, Inc.)

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

477

Analogue Transformations in Physics and their Application to Acoustic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transformation optics has shaped up a revolutionary electromagnetic design paradigm, enabling scientists to build astonishing devices such as invisibility cloaks. Unfortunately, the application of transformation techniques to other branches of physics is often constrained by the structure of the field equations. We develop here a complete transformation method using the idea of analogue spacetimes. The method is general and could be considered as a new paradigm for controlling waves in different branches of physics, from acoustics in quantum fluids to graphene electronics. As an application, we derive an "analogue transformation acoustics" formalism that naturally allows the use of transformations mixing space and time or involving moving fluids, both of which were impossible with the standard approach. To demonstrate the power of our method, we give an explicit design of a spacetime compressor for acoustic waves and a carpet cloak for a moving aircraft.

C. García-Meca; S. Carloni; C. Barceló; G. Jannes; J. Sánchez-Dehesa; A. Martínez

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

478

Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions Agency/Company /Organization: Johnson Controls Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.institutebe.com/ Cost: Free Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions Screenshot References: Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings:Policies and Actions[1] "The aim of this paper is to review policy options available for policymakers in developing countries that can accelerate energy efficiency improvements in the built environment and track results over time. It

479

Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations Energy Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations DOE Logo Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations DOE Logo Focus Areas Reaction Mechanisms Controlled Active Metals Materials Synthesis Search Argonne ... Search Argonne Home > Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations > IACT Home IACT News IACT Partners IACT Staff IACT Awards Publications & Presentations Jobs at IACT Energy Frontier Research Centers at Argonne Strategic Alliances Research Facilities & Tools Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations - an Energy Frontier Research Center The Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations (IACT) employs a multidisciplinary approach to address key catalytic conversions that could improve the efficiency of producing fuels from biomass. IACT focuses on advancing the science of catalysis for the efficient conversion of energy resources into usable forms. IACT's goal is to find ways to achieve control and efficiency of chemical conversions comparable to those in nature.

480

Energy Efficiency Standards for Distribution Transformers: The Importance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Standards for Distribution Transformers: The Importance Energy Efficiency Standards for Distribution Transformers: The Importance of the Load Factor Assessment from an Energy Saving Point of View. Speaker(s): Norma Anglani Date: April 10, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare The energy saving assessment for each chosen transformer is a very important issue in the rule-making process, not only because of the obvious environmental consequences but also considering the economic impact of the standards. The life cycle cost equation, which is a keystone feature, is also affected by the correct definition of the savings achieved by improving the efficiency of each class of transformers. Setting up efficiency standards by looking at what is offered in the current distribution transformers market doesn't necessarily entail an improvement

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dry-type transformers effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

COMPOSE-HPC: A Transformational Approach to Exascale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of the COMPOSE-HPC project is to 'democratize' tools for automatic transformation of program source code so that it becomes tractable for the developers of scientific applications to create and use their own transformations reliably and safely. This paper describes our approach to this challenge, the creation of the KNOT tool chain, which includes tools for the creation of annotation languages to control the transformations (PAUL), to perform the transformations (ROTE), and optimization and code generation (BRAID), which can be used individually and in combination. We also provide examples of current and future uses of the KNOT tools, which include transforming code to use different programming models and environments, providing tests that can be used to detect errors in software or its execution, as well as composition of software written in different programming languages, or with different threading patterns.

Bernholdt, David E [ORNL; Allan, Benjamin A. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Armstrong, Robert C. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Chavarria-Miranda, Daniel [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Dahlgren, Tamara L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Elwasif, Wael R [ORNL; Epperly, Tom [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Foley, Samantha S [ORNL; Hulette, Geoffrey C. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Krishnamoorthy, Sriram [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Prantl, Adrian [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Panyala, Ajay [Louisiana State University; Sottile, Matthew [Galois, Inc.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

High-voltage air-core pulse transformers  

SciTech Connect

General types of air core pulse transformers designed for high voltage pulse generation and energy transfer applications are discussed with special emphasis on pulse charging systems which operate up to the multi-megavolt range. The design, operation, dielectric materials, and performance are described. It is concluded that high voltage air core pulse transformers are best suited to applications outside the normal ranges of conventional magnetic core transformers. In general these include charge transfer at high power levels and fast pulse generation with comparatively low energy. When properly designed and constructed, they are capable of delivering high energy transfer efficiency and have demonstrated superior high voltage endurance. The principal disadvantage of high voltage air core transformers is that they are not generally available from commercial sources. Consequently, the potential user must become thoroughly familiar with all aspects of design, fabrication and system application before he can produce a high performance transformer system. (LCL)

Rohwein, G. J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Phase Transformations and Microstructure - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 15, 2012 ... Dynamic and shock loading of materials is well known to induce a range of ... To incorporate and investigate the effect of temperature, a cross ...

484

Phase Stability, Phase Transformations, and Reactive Phase ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... New Phase in Stoichiometric Cu6Sn5 and Effect of Ni Addition on Phase Stabilization in Wide Temperature Range · Optical Properties of ...

485

Spectral Transforms for Large Boolean Functions withApplications to Technology Mapping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Walsh transform has numerous applications in computer-aided design, but the usefulness of these techniques in practice has been limited by the size of the boolean functions that can be transformed. Currently available techniques limit the functions to ... Keywords: Multi-Terminal Binary Decision Diagrams, Reed-Muller transform, Walsh transform, spectral transform, technology mapping

E. M. Clarke; K. L. Mcmillan; X. Zhao; M. Fujita; J. Yang

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

A transformation composition framework for model driven engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model Driven Engineering is a promising approach where software development processes lead from abstract models to code generation. In order to support these software processes, it is important to provide means that are flexible and that can be tailored to match specific requirements of engineering domains–like health care, telecommunications, or embedded systems. In other word, to build the tool according to the needs and to the domain specificities. This report proposes to reach this goal through the composition of transformations: A software processes is defined as a set of chained transformations that have to be performed on an abstract model defining a system in order to produce the system implementation. In addition to this support for composition, this report advocates the use of transformation components for tooling software processes. We think that this experiments is a first step toward automating the building of software factories or software product lines. This report discusses both a framework for defining and composing model transformations as well as tools for the generation of transformation executable components and their associated execution environment. Following this path, we hope that transformation components could come to the shelves. This would improve the definition of processes as well as the reuse of existing transformations. 1

Raphaël Marvie; Raphaël Marvie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Transformer Ratio Enhancement for Structure-Based Wakefield Acceleration  

SciTech Connect

A limiting factor in the efficiency of wakefield accelerators is the fact that the transformer ratio R, the parameter that characterizes the energy transfer efficiency from the accelerating structure to the accelerated electron beam, is less than 2 for most technologically realizable beam-structure configurations. We are planning an experiment to study transformer ratio enhancement in a 13.625 GHz dielectric wakefield structure driven by a ramped bunch train. In this paper we present an experimental program for the demonstration of this Enhanced Transformer Ratio Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator (ETR-DWA)

Kanareykin, A. [Euclid Techlabs LLC, Solon OH 44139 (United States); Gai, W.; Power, J.G. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne IL, 60439 (United States); Schoessow, P. [Tech-X Corp., Boulder CO, 80303 (United States)

2004-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

488

Chemical Transformations | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Chemical Transformations Chemical Transformations Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Chemical Transformations Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research themes include the characterization, control, and optimization of chemistry in many forms. Catalysis science underpins the design of new catalytic methods for the clean and efficient production of fuels and chemicals and emphasizes inorganic and organic complexes; interfacial chemistry, nanostructured and supramolecular catalysts, photocatalysis and electrochemistry, and bio-inspired catalytic processes. Heavy element

489

Leading the Modernization of the Electricity Grid through Transformational  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leading the Modernization of the Electricity Grid through Leading the Modernization of the Electricity Grid through Transformational Research and Partnerships Leading the Modernization of the Electricity Grid through Transformational Research and Partnerships A presentation given by the Office of Electricity on expansion of the Nation's transmission infrastructure; and integration of variable renewable generation into the routine operation of the power system. Leading the Modernization of the Electricity Grid through Transformational Research and Partnerships More Documents & Publications Statement of Patricia Hoffman, Princiipal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, U.S. Department of Energy Before the United States House of Representatives House Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and Water Develop

490

Model for a transformer-coupled toroidal plasma source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional fluid plasma model for a transformer-coupled toroidal plasma source is described. Ferrites are used in this device to improve the electromagnetic coupling between the primary coils carrying radio frequency (rf) current and a secondary plasma loop. Appropriate components of the Maxwell equations are solved to determine the electromagnetic fields and electron power deposition in the model. The effect of gas flow on species transport is also considered. The model is applied to 1 Torr Ar/NH{sub 3} plasma in this article. Rf electric field lines form a loop in the vacuum chamber and generate a plasma ring. Due to rapid dissociation of NH{sub 3}, NH{sub x}{sup +} ions are more prevalent near the gas inlet and Ar{sup +} ions are the dominant ions farther downstream. NH{sub 3} and its by-products rapidly dissociate into small fragments as the gas flows through the plasma. With increasing source power, NH{sub 3} dissociates more readily and NH{sub x}{sup +} ions are more tightly confined near the gas inlet. Gas flow rate significantly influences the plasma characteristics. With increasing gas flow rate, NH{sub 3} dissociation occurs farther from the gas inlet in regions with higher electron density. Consequently, more NH{sub 4}{sup +} ions are produced and dissociation by-products have higher concentrations near the outlet.

Rauf, Shahid; Balakrishna, Ajit; Chen Zhigang; Collins, Ken [Applied Materials, Inc., 974 E. Arques Avenue, Sunnyvale, California 94085 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Liquid chromatography/Fourier transform IR spectrometry interface flow cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A zero dead volume (ZDV) microbore high performance liquid chromatography (.mu.HPLC)/Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) interface flow cell includes an IR transparent crystal having a small diameter bore therein through which a sample liquid is passed. The interface flow cell further includes a metal holder in combination with a pair of inner, compressible seals for directly coupling the thus configured spectrometric flow cell to the outlet of a .mu.HPLC column end fitting to minimize the transfer volume of the effluents exiting the .mu.HPLC column which exhibit excellent flow characteristics due to the essentially unencumbered, open-flow design. The IR beam passes transverse to the sample flow through the circular bore within the IR transparent crystal, which is preferably comprised of potassium bromide (KBr) or calcium fluoride (CaF.sub.2), so as to minimize interference patterns and vignetting encountered in conventional parallel-plate IR cells. The long IR beam pathlength and lensing effect of the circular cross-section of the sample volume in combination with the refractive index differences between the solvent and the transparent crystal serve to focus the IR beam in enhancing sample detection sensitivity by an order of magnitude.

Johnson, Charles C. (Fairfield, OH); Taylor, Larry T. (Blacksburg, VA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Liquid chromatography/Fourier transform IR spectrometry interface flow cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A zero dead volume (ZDV) microbore high performance liquid chromatography (..mu.. HPLC)/Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) interface flow cell includes an IR transparent crystal having a small diameter bore therein through which a sample liquid is passed. The interface flow cell further includes a metal holder in combination with a pair of inner, compressible seals for directly coupling the thus configured spectrometric flow cell to the outlet of a ..mu.. HPLC column end fitting to minimize the transfer volume of the effluents exiting the ..mu.. HPLC column which exhibit excellent flow characteristics due to the essentially unencumbered, open-flow design. The IR beam passes transverse to the sample flow through the circular bore within the IR transparent crystal, which is preferably comprised of potassium bromide (KBr) or calcium fluoride (CaF/sub 2/), so as to minimize interference patterns and vignetting encountered in conventional parallel-plate IR cells. The long IR beam pathlength and lensing effect of the circular cross-section of the sample volume in combination with the refractive index differences between the solvent and the transparent crystal serve to focus the IR beam in enhancing sample detection sensitivity by an order of magnitude.

Johnson, C.C.; Taylor, L.T.

1985-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

493

Local phase transformation in alloys during charged-particle irradiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among the various mechanisms and processes by which energetic irradiation can alter the phase stability of alloys, radiation-induced segregation is one of the most important phenomena. Radiation-induced segregation in alloys occurs as a consequence of preferential coupling between persistent fluxes of excess defects and solute atoms, leading to local enrichment or depletion of alloying elements. Thus, this phenomenon tends to drive alloy systems away from thermodynamic equilibrium, on a local scale. During charged-particle irradiations, the spatial nonuniformity in the defect production gives rise to a combination of persistent defect fluxes, near the irradiated surface and in the peak-damage region. This defect-flux combination can modify the alloy composition in a complex fashion, i.e., it can destabilize pre-existing phases, causing spatially- and temporally-dependent precipitation of new metastable phases. The effects of radiation-induced segregation on local phase transformations in Ni-based alloys during proton bombardment and high-voltage electron-microscope irradiation at elevated temperatures are discussed.

Lam, N.Q.; Okamoto, P.R.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Fast Spherical Harmonic Transform Routine FLTSS Applied to the Shallow Water Test Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fast spherical harmonic transform algorithm proposed by Suda and Takami is evaluated in the solutions of the shallow water equation test set defined by Williamson et al. through replacing the Legendre transforms of the NCAR spectral transform ...

Reiji Suda

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

VIDEO: Transforming a House into a Home | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VIDEO: Transforming a House into a Home VIDEO: Transforming a House into a Home VIDEO: Transforming a House into a Home October 28, 2013 - 10:30am Addthis In the video above, Lakiya Culley talks about how her solar-powered, passive home, located in D.C.'s Deanwood neighborhood, has changed her family's future. | Video by Matty Greene, Energy Department. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Matty Greene Matty Greene Videographer At universities all across the country, students are transforming the way we design and build homes -- developing affordable housing solutions that save money by saving energy. From installing solar panels to using energy efficient devices, like washing machines and LED lights, a clean technology future means more comfort and savings at home. And this is having a

496

ARPA-E Issues Open Call for Transformational Energy Technologies |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issues Open Call for Transformational Energy Technologies Issues Open Call for Transformational Energy Technologies ARPA-E Issues Open Call for Transformational Energy Technologies March 2, 2012 - 2:31pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Today, the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) issued a $150 million funding opportunity open to all transformational energy technologies to support the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above approach to solving our nation's most pressing energy challenges. This Open Funding Opportunity Announcement is a call to our country's brightest scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs to propose early-stage research projects that would not otherwise be able to attract private investment, but could lead to breakthrough energy technologies. This is the second open funding opportunity released under

497

January 2003, Report of the ADVANCED NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 2003, Report of the ADVANCED NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATION January 2003, Report of the ADVANCED NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE of the NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE January 2003, Report of the ADVANCED NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE of the NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE The ANTT Subcommittee met in Washington on Dec 4-5, 2002 to review progress in the transmutation program, and to learn about major organizational changes that affect the management of the program. The NE's new Advanced Nuclear Research Office (NE-20) now oversees both the transmutation program (ANTT) and the Generation-IV program (GEN-IV). antt14Jan_03.pdf More Documents & Publications October 2003, Report of the ADVANCED NUCLEAR TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE of the NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE

498

Vertical Coordinate Transformation of Vertically-Discretized Atmospheric Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of transforming fields of atmospheric variables from one vertical coordinate system to another without altering their dynamic balance is discussed. A curve fitting scheme applied to the data points in each grid column is proposed ...

Rainer Bleck

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Transformation at Bank of America : an enterprise systems analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The focus of Bank of America's change management initiatives has shifted away from acquiring and integrating new businesses, a process it calls transition, and towards internal enterprise transformation through a process ...

Wallance, Daniel Isaac

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Relations among various versions of the Segal-Bargmann transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present various relations among Versions A, B and C of the Segal-Bargmann transform. We get results for the Segal-Bargmann transform associated to a Coxeter group acting on a finite dimensional Euclidean space. Then analogous results are shown for the Segal-Bargmann transform of a connected, compact Lie group for all except one of the identities established in the Coxeter case. A counterexample is given to show that the remaining identity from the Coxeter case does not have an analogous identity for the Lie group case. A major result is that in both contexts the Segal-Bargmann transform for Version C is determined by that for Version A.

Stephen Bruce Sontz

2009-12-13T23:59:59.000Z