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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Human Drivers of Climate Change: Energy, Economic Growth, and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Human Drivers of Climate Change: Energy, Economic Growth, and Trade Speaker(s): Steve Davis Date: October 1, 2012 - 4:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Ryan...

2

Web-Based Forest Sector Communities as Drivers for Economic Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Web-Based Forest Sector Communities as Drivers for Economic Development Richard Vlosky MeetingForest Products Society Annual Meeting--June, 2005June, 2005 Outline · Overview of webCommon ties Social interactionSocial interaction What are Web-based Communities? Social network that uses

3

Review: Balancing Limiting Factors and Economic Drivers to Achieve Sustainable Midwestern US Agricultural Residue Feedstock Supplies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced biofuels will be developed using cellulosic feedstock rather than grain or oilseed crops that can also be used for food and feed. To be sustainable, these new agronomic production systems must be economically viable without degrading soil resources. This review examines six agronomic factors that collectively define many of the limits and opportunities for harvesting crop residue for biofuel feedstock. These six “limiting factors” are discussed in relationship to economic drivers associated with harvesting corn (Zea mays L.) stover as a potential cellulosic feedstock. The limiting factors include soil organic carbon, wind and water erosion, plant nutrient balance, soil water and temperature dynamics, soil compaction, and off-site environmental impacts. Initial evaluations using the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation 2.0 (RUSLE2) show that a single factor analysis based on simply meeting tolerable soil loss might indicate stover could be harvested sustainably, but the same analysis based on maintaining soil organic carbon shows the practice to be non-sustainable. Modifying agricultural management to include either annual or perennial cover crops is shown to meet both soil erosion and soil carbon requirements. The importance of achieving high yields and planning in a holistic manner at the landscape scale are also shown to be crucial for balancing limitations and drivers associated with renewable bioenergy production.

Wally W. Wilhelm; J. Richard Hess; Douglas L. Karlen; David J. Muth; Jane M. F. Johnson; John M. Baker; Hero T. Gollany; Jeff M. Novak; Diane E. Stott; Gary E. Varvel

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Policy Drivers for Improving Electricity End-Use Efficiency in the U.S.: An Economic-Engineering Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper estimates the economically achievable potential for improving electricity end-use efficiency in the U.S. The approach involves identifying a series of energy-efficiency policies aimed at tackling market failures, and then examining their impacts and cost-effectiveness using Georgia Tech’s version of the National Energy Modeling System (GT-NEMS). By estimating the policy-driven electricity savings and the associated levelized costs, a policy supply curve for electricity efficiency is produced. Each policy is evaluated individually and in an Integrated Policy scenario to examine policy dynamics. The Integrated Policy scenario demonstrates significant achievable potential: 261 TWh (6.5%) of electricity savings in 2020, and 457 TWh (10.2%) in 2035. All eleven policies examined were estimated to have lower levelized costs than average electricity retail prices. Levelized costs range from 0.5 – 8.0 cent/kWh, with the regulatory and information policies tending to be most cost-effective. Policy impacts on the power sector, carbon dioxide emissions, and energy intensity are also estimated to be significant. *Corresponding author:

Yu Wang; Marilyn A. Brown; Yu Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Drivers and Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Drivers and Resources Regulatory Drivers National Laws Executive Orders DOE Orders and Directives Information Resources DOE P2 Web Sites Other P2 Web Sites Environmental...

6

Double domino driver  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The double domino driver is fully differential and is optimized for low switching noise and power. The noise behavior and power dissipation is improved by limiting the signal swing. The domino driver consists of a combination of mini drivers, each of which is switched on in two steps. In the first step a voltage equal to a fraction of the supply voltage propagates through the chain of mini drivers and turn them partially on. In the second step the voltage is increased to its maximum value and is made to propagate through the chain, turning the mini drivers completely on. The rise and fall time of the output signal can be increased by adding mini drivers. For a 5 volt supply voltage with 5 mini drivers the switching noise in decreased to levels less than 100 micro volts. The power dissipation with this driver is least as compared to ECL and other logic systems. The double domino driver is useful in communication and VLSI systems.

Vanstraelen, G.F.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL's JEDI Wind model performed an analysis of wind-power-related economic development drivers. Economic development benefits for wind and coal were estimated using NREL's JEDI Wind and JEDI Coal models.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy  

SciTech Connect

NREL's JEDI Wind model performed an analysis of wind-power-related economic development drivers. Economic development benefits for wind and coal were estimated using NREL's JEDI Wind and JEDI Coal models.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

DOE DRIVER LISTING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DRIVER LISTING DRIVER LISTING 1. The lines that have been redlined are orders that have been cancelled and not replaced with anything else. 2. This list was current as of 1/1/98. DRIVERTYPE DRIVERCODE TITLE REV_DATE EO ACQUISITION EO 12873, Federal Acquisition, Recycling, and Waste Prevention 09/25/1994 EO ALTERNATIVE FUEL EO 12844, Federal Use of Alternative Fueled Vehicles 09/25/1994 EO COMPUTER EO 12845, Requiring Agencies to Purchase Energy Efficient Compute 09/25/1994 EO CULTURAL EO 11593, Protection & Enhancement of Cultural Environment 09/25/1994 EO ENV DAMAGE EO 12286, Response to Environmental Damage 09/25/1994 EO ENV QUALITY EO 11991, Protect/Enhancement of Environmental Quality 09/25/1994 EO ENV SAFEGUARDS EO 12342, Env. Safeguards/Animal Damage Control on Federal Lands 09/25/1994

10

Approaches to enhance driver situational assessment aids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collision warning systems encounter a fundamental trade-off between providing the driver more time in which to respond and alerting the driver unnecessarily. The probability that a driver successfully avoids a hazard ...

Jones, Eric M. (Eric Michael)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Regulatory Drivers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulatory Drivers Regulatory Drivers Regulatory Drivers Statutes and Regulations Relating to Legacy Management Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 10: Energy "Licensing Requirements for Land Disposal of Radioactive Waste," 10 CFR 61 "Occupational Radiation Protection," 10 CFR 835 Title 40: Protection of Environment "National Primary Drinking Water Regulations," 40 CFR 141 "Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities," 40 CFR 264 "National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan," 40 CFR 300 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) "Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability

12

Truck Driver Scheduling in the European Union  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since April 2007 working hours of truck drivers in the European Union are controlled by regulation (EC) No. 561/2006. According to the new regulation, road transport undertakings must organise the work of drivers in a way that drivers are able to comply ... Keywords: drivers' working hours, regulation (EC) No. 561/2006, vehicle scheduling

Asvin Goel

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

OLDER DRIVER STUDY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

xi xi ACRONYMS LIST AAA American Automobile Association AARP American Association of Retired Persons AD Alzheimer Disease ADA Americans with Disabilities Act ADL Activities of Daily Living AFDC Aid to Families with Dependent Children AHEAD Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old AISG American Insurance Services Group ALS Activity Limitation Status AMA American Medical Association AoA Administration on Aging BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics CODES Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DOE Department of Energy DOT Department of Transportation EIA Energy Information Administration EPESE Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly FARS Fatality Analysis Reporting System FHWA Federal Highway Administration

14

UWB dual burst transmit driver  

SciTech Connect

A dual burst transmitter for ultra-wideband (UWB) communication systems generates a pair of precisely spaced RF bursts from a single trigger event. An input trigger pulse produces two oscillator trigger pulses, an initial pulse and a delayed pulse, in a dual trigger generator. The two oscillator trigger pulses drive a gated RF burst (power output) oscillator. A bias driver circuit gates the RF output oscillator on and off and sets the RF burst packet width. The bias driver also level shifts the drive signal to the level that is required for the RF output device.

Dallum, Gregory E. (Livermore, CA); Pratt, Garth C. (Discovery Bay, CA); Haugen, Peter C. (Livermore, CA); Zumstein, James M. (Livermore, CA); Vigars, Mark L. (Livermore, CA); Romero, Carlos E. (Livermore, CA)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

15

Innovation as a Key Driver of Economic Growth & ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... I don't think that transformation that is ... infrastructure or transportation infrastructure, cyber infrastructure, energy ... take hold and transform our society ...

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

16

How predictable : patterns of human economic behavior in the wild  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shopping is driven by needs (to eat, to socialize, to work), but it is also a driver of where we go. I examine the transaction records of 80 million customers and find that while our economic choices predict mobility ...

Krumme, Katherine

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Resonant Power MOSFET Driver for LED Lighting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??LED lighting has a promising future in consumer markets. Many researchers have conducted researches to improve the LED driver efficiencies. In this thesis, a computer… (more)

Tuladhar, Looja R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Efficient Driver for Dimmable White LED Lighting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A high efficiency driver circuit is proposed for Light Emitting Diode (LED) lamps with dimming feature. The current regulation is accomplished by processing partial power… (more)

Yang, Wen-ching

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

DOE Driver Listing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Driver Listing More Documents & Publications Completed EISs Technical Standards, DOE Orders and Applicable CFRsDEAR Crosswalk - February 2, 2002 WaiversByPetitioner.pdf...

20

Economic impact  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In federal fiscal year 2000 (FY00), Berkeley Lab had 4,347 full- and part-time employees. In addition, at any given time of the year, there were more than 1,000 Laboratory guests. These guests, who also reside locally, have an important economic impact on the nine-county Bay Area. However, Berkeley Lab's total economic impact transcends the direct effects of payroll and purchasing. The direct dollars paid to the Lab's employees in the form of wages, salaries, and benefits, and payments made to contractors for goods and services, are respent by employees and contractors again and again in the local and greater economy. Further, while Berkeley Lab has a strong reputation for basic scientific research, many of the Lab's scientific discoveries and inventions have had direct application in industry, spawning new businesses and creating new opportunities for existing firms. This analysis updates the Economic Impact Analysis done in 1996, and its purpose is to describe the economic and geographic impact of Laboratory expenditures and to provide a qualitative understanding of how Berkeley Lab impacts and supports the local community. It is intended as a guide for state, local, and national policy makers as well as local community members. Unless otherwise noted, this analysis uses data from FY00, the most recent year for which full data are available.

Technology Transfer Department

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

IEP - Carbon Dioxide: Regulatory Drivers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IEP - Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Regulatory Drivers In July 7, 2009 testimony before the U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, Secretary of Energy Steven Chu made the following statements:1 "...Overwhelming scientific evidence shows that carbon dioxide from human activity has increased the atmospheric level of CO2 by roughly 40 percent, a level one- third higher than any time in the last 800,000 years. There is also a consensus that CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions have caused our planet to change. Already, we have seen the loss of about half of the summer arctic polar ice cap since the 1950s, a dramatically accelerating rise in sea level, and the loss of over two thousand cubic miles of glacial ice, not on geological time scales but over a mere hundred years.

22

CW high intensity non-scaling FFAG proton drivers  

SciTech Connect

Accelerators are playing increasingly important roles in basic science, technology, and medicine including nuclear power, industrial irradiation, material science, and neutrino production. Proton and light-ion accelerators in particular have many research, energy and medical applications, providing one of the most effective treatments for many types of cancer. Ultra high-intensity and high-energy (GeV) proton drivers are a critical technology for accelerator-driven sub-critical reactors (ADS) and many HEP programs (Muon Collider). These high-intensity GeV-range proton drivers are particularly challenging, encountering duty cycle and space-charge limits in the synchrotron and machine size concerns in the weaker-focusing cyclotrons; a 10-20 MW proton driver is not presently considered technically achievable with conventional re-circulating accelerators. One, as-yet, unexplored re-circulating accelerator, the Fixed-field Alternating Gradient, or FFAG, is an attractive alternative to the cyclotron. Its strong focusing optics are expected to mitigate space charge effects, and a recent innovation in design has coupled stable tunes with isochronous orbits, making the FFAG capable of fixed-frequency, CW acceleration, as in the classical cyclotron. This paper reports on these new advances in FFAG accelerator technology and references advanced modeling tools for fixed-field accelerators developed for and unique to the code COSY INFINITY.

Johnstone, C.; /Fermilab; Berz, M.; Makino, K.; /Michigan State U.; Snopok, P.; /IIT, Chicago

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

In-car Airway Options for NASCAR Drivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medicine Background: “Stock car” drivers may require anpresentation pregnancy. In-car Airway Options for NASCARhelmeted, and apneic stock car driver simulation model.

Dyreyes, Jonathan Q; Grange, Jeff; Smith, Dustin; Jin, Peter; Guldner, Greg

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Enhanced Driver Requirements for WIPP Shipments - Fact Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

. a critical step toward solving the nation's nuclear waste disposal problem Enhanced Driver Requirements for WIPP Shipments Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Driver Hiring...

25

Retail Price Drivers and their Financial Consequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

making the data available. Retail Price Drivers and their Financial Consequences What are the drivers of retailers ' prices and what, if any, are their financial consequences? The results of a large-scale quantitative analysis show that retail prices are mainly driven by pricing history (50%), acquisition costs (25%), and demand feedback (12.5%). In contrast to pricing history, demand-based pricing is associated with higher retailer (and manufacturer) financial performance. The remaining price drivers: category management, store traffic, and store brand performance, affect manufacturer and retailer performance in more complex ways.

Shuba Srinivasan; Koen Pauwels; Vincent Nijs; Mike Hanssens; Carl Mela; Scott Neslin For Comments; Suggestions The Paper

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

NPP and Driver Data for Ecosystem  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EMDI Data Revised Data Set: NPP Multi-Biome: NPP and Driver Data for Ecosystem Model-Data Intercomparison Effective Date of Revision: June 17, 2004 Data Set Citation: Olson, R. J.,...

27

A 3 MEGAJOULE HEAVY ION FUSION DRIVER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research, Office of Inertia! Fusion, Research Division ofA 3 MEGAJOULE HEAVY ION FUSION DRIVER* A. Faltens, E. Hoyer,Research, Office of Inertial Fusion, Research Division of

Faltens, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Physics at a new Fermilab proton driver  

SciTech Connect

In 2004, motivated by the recent exciting developments in neutrino physics, the Fermilab Long Range Planning Committee identified a new high intensity Proton Driver as an attractive option for the future. At the end of 2004 the APS ''Study on the Physics of Neutrinos'' concluded that the future US neutrino program should have, as one of its components, ''A proton driver in the megawatt class or above and neutrino superbeam with an appropriate very large detector capable of observing Cp violation and measuring the neutrino mass-squared differences and mixing parameters with high precision''. The presently proposed Fermilab Proton Driver is designed to accomplish these goals, and is based on, and would help develop, Linear Collider technology. In this paper the Proton Driver parameters are summarized, and the potential physics program is described.

Geer, Steve; /Fermilab

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Techniques for Drivers to Conserve Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Techniques for Drivers Techniques for Drivers to Conserve Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Techniques for Drivers to Conserve Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Techniques for Drivers to Conserve Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Techniques for Drivers to Conserve Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Techniques for Drivers to Conserve Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Techniques for Drivers to Conserve Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Techniques for Drivers to Conserve Fuel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Management Strategies Driver Techniques Fleet Rightsizing

30

Inertial fusion: strategy and economic potential  

SciTech Connect

Inertial fusion must demonstrate that the high target gains required for practical fusion energy can be achieved with driver energies not larger than a few megajoules. Before a multi-megajoule scale driver is constructed, inertial fusion must provide convincing experimental evidence that the required high target gains are feasible. This will be the principal objective of the NOVA laser experiments. Implosions will be conducted with scaled targets which are nearly hydrodynamically equivalent to the high gain target implosions. Experiments which demonstrate high target gains will be conducted in the early nineties when multi-megajoule drivers become available. Efficient drivers will also be demonstrated by this time period. Magnetic fusion may demonstrate high Q at about the same time as inertial fusion demonstrates high gain. Beyond demonstration of high performance fusion, economic considerations will predominate. Fusion energy will achieve full commercial success when it becomes cheaper than fission and coal. Analysis of the ultimate economic potential of inertial fusion suggests its costs may be reduced to half those of fission and coal. Relative cost escalation would increase this advantage. Fusions potential economic advantage derives from two fundamental properties: negligible fuel costs and high quality energy (which makes possible more efficient generation of electricity).

Nuckolls, J.H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

IEP - Advanced NOx Emissions Control: Regulatory Drivers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IEP - Advanced NOx Emissions Control Regulatory Drivers Regulatory Drivers for Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants Regulatory and legislative requirements have predominantly driven the need to develop NOx control technologies for existing coal-fired power plants. The first driver was the Title IV acid rain program, established through the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA). This program included a two-phase strategy to reduce NOx emissions from coal-fired power plants – Phase I started January 1, 1996 and Phase II started January 1, 2000. The Title IV NOx program was implemented through unit-specific NOx emission rate limits ranging from 0.40 to 0.86 lb/MMBtu depending on the type of boiler/burner configuration and based on application of LNB technology.

32

Addressing Inappropriate Driver Behavior at Rail-Highway Crossings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ragland. Driver Behavior at Rail Crossings. Draft Report, 5.T.G. Driver Behavior at Rail- Highway Grade Crossings: Aof Locomotive Horns at Highway-Rail Grade Crossings: Final

Cooper, Douglas L.; Ragland, David R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Detection of Driver Fatigue Caused by Sleep Deprivation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to provide reliable indications of driver drowsiness based on the characteristics of driver-vehicle interaction. A test bed was built under a simulated driving environment, and a total of 12 subjects ...

Coughlin, Joseph F.

34

Detecting driver phone use leveraging car speakers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work addresses the fundamental problem of distinguishing between a driver and passenger using a mobile phone, which is the critical input to enable numerous safety and interface enhancements. Our detection system leverages the existing car stereo ... Keywords: acoustic ranging, bluetooth, car speakers, driving safety, location classification, smartphone

Jie Yang; Simon Sidhom; Gayathri Chandrasekaran; Tam Vu; Hongbo Liu; Nicolae Cecan; Yingying Chen; Marco Gruteser; Richard P. Martin

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

ECOdriving - Widespread Implementation for Learner Drivers and Licensed  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ECOdriving - Widespread Implementation for Learner Drivers and Licensed ECOdriving - Widespread Implementation for Learner Drivers and Licensed Drivers (ECOWILL) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: ECOdriving - Widespread Implementation for Learner Drivers and Licensed Drivers (ECOWILL) Agency/Company /Organization: Austrian Energy Agency Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.ecodrive.org/ The ECOWILL project aims to reduce carbon emissions by up to 8 Mt until 2015 by boosting the application of eco-driving across Europe. The project will roll out training programs for licensed drivers in 13 European countries. ECOWILL also promotes the education of eco-driving for learner drivers. This website provides information about eco-driving, including country-specific activities.

36

Projecting Fatalities in Crashes involving Older Drivers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crashes Crashes Projecting Fatalities in Crashes Involving Older Drivers Involving Older Drivers Oak Oak Ridge Ridge National Laboratory National Laboratory, USA USA Presented at Presented at the the 17th 17th World Congress of the International World Congress of the International Association Association for Accident and Traffic Medicine for Accident and Traffic Medicine May May 30, 30, 2000, 2000, Stockholm, Sweden Stockholm, Sweden ORNL ORNL P. P. Hu Hu D. D. Jones Jones T. T. Reuscher Reuscher R. R. Schmoyer Schmoyer T. T. Truett Truett General General Motors Motors Annette Annette Irwin Irwin U.S. U.S. DOTransportation DOTransportation Jesse Jesse Blatt Blatt Acknowledgements Acknowledgements Objective Objective This This research research is is funded funded by by a a Cooperative Cooperative Research

37

NETL: IEP - Air Quality Research: Regulatory Drivers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulatory Drivers Regulatory Drivers DOE/NETLÂ’s Air Quality Research Program is in direct response to the need to ensure that fossil-fuel-fired power systems continue to meet current and future environmental requirements. Specific environmental regulatory requirements driving this research are briefly summarized below: I. Clean Air Act (Including 1990 Amendments) Title I - Air Pollution Prevention and Control Part A - Air Quality and Emission Limitations Sect. 109 - National Ambient Air Quality Standards In July 1997 EPA promulgated new standards for particulate matter finer than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) and revised the ambient ozone standards. Sect. 111 - Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources Part C - Prevention of Significant Deterioration of Air Quality

38

Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and battery electric vehicles offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gases, as well as to offer a financial benefit to the driver. However, assessing these potential benefits is complicated by several factors, including the driving habits of the operator. We focus on driver aggression, i.e., the level of acceleration and velocity characteristic of travel, to (1) assess its variation within large, real-world drive datasets, (2) quantify its effect on both vehicle efficiency and economics for multiple vehicle types, (3) compare these results to those of standard drive cycles commonly used in the industry, and (4) create a representative drive cycle for future analyses where standard drive cycles are lacking.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and battery electric vehicles offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gases, as well as to offer a financial benefit to the driver. However, assessing these potential benefits is complicated by several factors, including the driving habits of the operator. We focus on driver aggression, i.e., the level of acceleration and velocity characteristic of travel, to (1) assess its variation within large, real-world drive datasets, (2) quantify its effect on both vehicle efficiency and economics for multiple vehicle types, (3) compare these results to those of standard drive cycles commonly used in the industry, and (4) create a representative drive cycle for future analyses where standard drive cycles are lacking.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Alternative Fuel Driver Training Companion Manual  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Regulated Fleets Regulated Fleets Alternative Fuel Driver Training Companion Manual Notice This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

General aspects of driver-car interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

General aspects of Human Machine Interface (HMI) are very hard to be defined. They are the on the top level of interest when studying the reliability of the human operators. The first part of our article deals with general problems of HMI and its application ... Keywords: EEG, HMI, car simulation, civil aviation authority(CAA), controlled flight into terrain (CFIT), driver-car interaction, human factors, human performance and limitations (HPL)

Mirek Svítek; Petr Bouchner; Jind?ich Krása; Jin?ich Sadil; Zuzana B?linová; Jakub Rajnoch; Václav Vodrážka

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Minimizing driver's irritation at a roadblock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban traffic is a logistic issue which can have many societal implications, especially when, due to a too high density of cars, the network of streets of a city becomes blocked, and consequently, pedestrians, bicycles, and cars start sharing the same traffic conditions potentially leading to high irritations (of people) and therefore to chaos. In this paper we focus our attention on a simple scenario: We model the driver's irritation induced by the presence of a roadblock. As a natural generalization, we extend the model for the two one-way crossroads traffic presented by M.E. Fouladvand and M. Nematollahi to that of a roadblock. Our discrete model defines and minimizes the total waiting time. The novelty lies in introducing the (total) driver's irritation and its minimization. Finally, we apply our model to a real-world situation: rush hour traffic in Hillegom, The Netherlands. We observe that minimizing the total waiting time and minimizing the total driver's irritation lead to different traffic light stra...

Vleugels, C J J; Anthonissen, M J H; Seidman, T I

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Economic Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmitted to the Congress February 2008 Transmitted to the Congress February 2008 Together with the Annual Report of the Council of Economic Advisers Economic Report of the President Economic Report of the President For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: (866) 512-1800; DC area (202) 512-1800 ISBN 978-0-16-079822-1 Transmitted to the Congress February 2008 together with THE ANNUAL REPORT of the COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 2008 Fax: (202) 512-2104 Mail Stop: IDCC, Washington, DC 20402-0001 C O N T E N T S ECONOMIC REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT ............................................. ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS* ...

44

ATW economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parametric systems model of the ATW [Accelerator Transmutation of (Nuclear) Waste] has been used to examine key system tradeoffs and design drivers on the basis of unit costs. This model has been applied primarily to the aqueous-slurry blanket concept for an ATW that generates net-electric power from the fissioning of spent reactor fuel. An important goal of this study is the development of essential parametric tradeoff studies to aid in any eventual engineering design of an ATW that would burn and generate net- electric power from spent reactor fuel.

Krakowski, R.A.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

\Reuschertrolder driver projectwriteupDeb finalchap08.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 - 1 8 - 1 8. FATAL CRASH RATES 8.1 MODELING FATALITY RATES FOR OLDER DRIVERS Data limitations impeded direct, reliable observation of all accidents, but accidents in which a fatality occurs are reported considerably more thoroughly and consistently than crashes not involving a fatality. Accordingly, our principal measure of fatalities is older driver fatalities, meaning the exact number of older drivers killed in accidents. We also developed another fatality measure which captured the total number of deaths involved in crashes involving an older driver, but its interpretability lacks clarity because of insufficient information on assignment of fault in crashes. The first of the two fatal crash rate concepts we call "driver risk," or the driver fatality

46

Feasibility of a driver performance data acquisition system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) envisions many future situations in which the effectiveness and consequences of new intelligent vehicle-highway systems technologies will need to be studied in actual production vehicles. Such studies will enable evaluations in vehicles which are familiar to drivers. These studies would be future enhanced by the availability of an instrumentation package that can be easily installed in these vehicles to enable specific vehicle configurations of interest to be evaluated, thereby increasing the variety of vehicle options that are available for study. Ideally, an approach is needed that would allow data collection from a variety of vehicle models and types, and would address the issue of driver familiarity. Such an approach is embodied in the concept of a driver performance data acquisition system that could be installed in a wide range of vehicles within a relatively short period of time. As a universally adaptable system, it would provide researchers with the ability to manually input data as well as directly record information on driver, vehicle, roadway, and environmental parameters. Furthermore, it would enable the measurement of driver performance in the driver`s own vehicle, thereby ensuring vehicle familiarity. In addition, it would be possible to measure driver performance in relation to any vehicle design characteristic at relatively little expense and effort, and would make it easy to update existing models of driver/vehicle behavior to reflect performance characteristics in vehicles of current manufacture.

Carter, R.J.; Spelt, P.F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Goodman, M.J. [National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Crash Avoidance Research

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Natural Gas Markets: Recent Changes and Key Drivers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov Natural Gas Markets: Recent Changes and Key Drivers for

48

\\Reuschertrolder driver projectwriteupDeb finalchap01.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contributing to Premature Reduction or Cessation of Driving by Older Men and Women G.8 Investigations of Crashes and Casualties Associated with Older Drivers G.9 Remediation...

49

Fundamental Drivers of the Cost and Price of Operating Reserves  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fundamental Drivers of the Cost and Price of Operating Reserves Marissa Hummon, Paul Denholm, Jennie Jorgenson, and David Palchak National Renewable Energy Laboratory Brendan Kirby...

50

\\Reuschertrolder driver projectwriteupDeb finalexecSumm.PD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

could be included in the model. * Develop three empirical models (percentage of drivers, miles driven, and crash rate) based on historical data. * Formulate assumptions on the...

51

Driver Circuit for White LED Lamps with TRIAC Dimming Control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An efficient Light Emitting Diode (LED) lamp driver circuit is proposed for retrofitting the conventionally used incandescent lamps with existing TRIAC dimmer. The dimming feature… (more)

Weng, Szu-Jung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Drivers and Barriers in the Current Concentrated Solar Power...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Current Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Market (Webinar) Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.leonardo-energy.orgwebinar-drivers-and-barriers-current-csp-marke...

53

Strongly exponential symmetric spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the exponential map of connected symmetric spaces and characterize, in terms of midpoints and of infinitesimal conditions, when it is a diffeomorphism, generalizing the Dixmier-Saito theorem for solvable Lie groups. We then give a geometric characterization of the (strongly) exponential solvable symmetric spaces as those spaces for which every triangle admits a unique double triangle. This work is motivated by Weinstein's quantization by groupoids program applied to symmetric spaces.

Yannick Voglaire

2013-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

54

ECONOMIC DISPATCH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ECONOMIC DISPATCH ECONOMIC DISPATCH OF ELECTRIC GENERATION CAPACITY A REPORT TO CONGRESS AND THE STATES PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 1234 AND 1832 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 United States Department of Energy February 2007 ECONOMIC DISPATCH OF ELECTRIC GENERATION CAPACITY A REPORT TO CONGRESS AND THE STATES PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 1234 AND 1832 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 Sections 1234 and 1832 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct) 1 direct the U.S. Department of Energy (the Department, or DOE) to: 1) Study the procedures currently used by electric utilities to perform economic dispatch; 2) Identify possible revisions to those procedures to improve the ability of non-utility generation resources to offer their output for sale for the purpose of inclusion in

55

ECONOMIC REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ECONOMIC REPORT ECONOMIC REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT Economic Report of the President | 3 ECONOMIC REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT To the Congress of the United States: Over the past 6 years of economic expansion, the American economy has proven its strength and resilience. Job creation grew uninterrupted for a record period of time, inflation remains moderate, unemployment is low, and productivity continues to grow. The economy is built upon a strong foundation, with deep and sophisticated capital markets, flexible labor markets, low taxes, and open trade and investment policies. Americans should be confident about the long-term strength of our economy, but our economy is undergoing a period of uncertainty, and there are heightened risks to our near-term economic growth. To insure against

56

NETL: IEP - Mercury Emissions Control: Regulatory Drivers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulatory Drivers Regulatory Drivers The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) brought about new awareness regarding the overall health-effects of stationary source fossil combustion emissions. Title III of the CAAA identified 189 pollutants, including mercury, as hazardous or toxic and required the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to evaluate their emissions by source, health effects and environmental implications, including the need to control these emissions. These pollutants are collectively referred to as air toxics or hazardous air pollutants (HAPs). The provisions in Title III specific to electric generating units (EGU) were comprehensively addressed by DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in collaborative air toxic characterization programs conducted between 1990 and 1997. This work provided most of the data supporting the conclusions found in EPA's congressionally mandated reports regarding air toxic emissions from coal-fired utility boilers; the Mercury Study Report to Congress (1997)1 and the "Study of Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions from Electric Utility Steam Generating Units -- Final Report to Congress" (1998).2 The first report identified coal-fired power plants as the largest source of human-generated mercury emissions in the U.S. and the second concluded that mercury from coal-fired utilities was the HAP of "greatest potential concern" to the environment and human health that merited additional research and monitoring.

57

IEP - Water-Energy Interface: Regulatory Drivers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulatory Drivers Regulatory Drivers Several legislative acts are in place that could potentially impact water quality requirements and water use for fossil energy production as well as electricity generation. These acts regulate pollutant discharge and water intake directly and indirectly. Under regulations established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), these Acts serve to maintain and improve the Nation's water resources for uses including but not limited to agricultural, industrial, nutritional, and recreational purposes. The Clean Water Act - The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, more commonly known as the Clean Water Act, provides for the regulation of discharges to the nation's surface waters. To address pollution, the act specifies that the discharge of any pollutant by any person is unlawful except when in compliance with applicable permitting requirements. Initial emphasis was placed on "point source" pollutant discharge, but 1987 amendments authorized measures to address "non-point source" discharges, including stormwater runoff from industrial facilities. Permits are issued under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), which designates the highest level of water pollution or lowest acceptable standards for water discharges. NPDES permits are typically administered by the individual states. With EPA approval, the states may implement standards more stringent than federal water quality standards, but may not be less stringent. Certain sections of the Act are particularly applicable to water issues related to power generation. These include:

58

Inertially confined fusion using heavy ion drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The various technical issues of HIF will be briefly reviewed in this paper. It will be seen that there are numerous areas in common in all the approaches to HIF. In the recent International Symposium on Heavy Ion Inertial Fusion, the attendees met in specialized workshop sessions to consider the needs for research in each area. Each of the workshop groups considered the key questions of this report: (1) Is this an appropriate time for international collaboration in HIF (2) Which problems are most appropriate for such collaboration (3) Can the sharing of target design information be set aside until other driver and systems issues are better resolved, by which time it might be supposed that there could be a relaxation of classification of target issues (4) What form(s) of collaboration are most appropriate, e.g., bilateral or multilateral (5) Can international collaboration be sensibly attempted without significant increases in funding for HIF The authors of this report share the conviction that collaboration on a broad scale is mandatory for HIF to have the resources, both financial and personnel, to progress to a demonstration experiment. Ultimately it may be possible for a single driver with the energy, power, focusibility, and pulse shape to satisfy the needs of the international community for target physics research. Such a facility could service multiple experimental chambers with a variety of beam geometries and target concepts.

Herrmannsfeldt, W.B. (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States)); Bangerter, R.O. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Bock, R. (Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany)); Hogan, W.J.; Lindl, J.D. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Inertially confined fusion using heavy ion drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The various technical issues of HIF will be briefly reviewed in this paper. It will be seen that there are numerous areas in common in all the approaches to HIF. In the recent International Symposium on Heavy Ion Inertial Fusion, the attendees met in specialized workshop sessions to consider the needs for research in each area. Each of the workshop groups considered the key questions of this report: (1) Is this an appropriate time for international collaboration in HIF? (2) Which problems are most appropriate for such collaboration? (3) Can the sharing of target design information be set aside until other driver and systems issues are better resolved, by which time it might be supposed that there could be a relaxation of classification of target issues? (4) What form(s) of collaboration are most appropriate, e.g., bilateral or multilateral? (5) Can international collaboration be sensibly attempted without significant increases in funding for HIF? The authors of this report share the conviction that collaboration on a broad scale is mandatory for HIF to have the resources, both financial and personnel, to progress to a demonstration experiment. Ultimately it may be possible for a single driver with the energy, power, focusibility, and pulse shape to satisfy the needs of the international community for target physics research. Such a facility could service multiple experimental chambers with a variety of beam geometries and target concepts.

Herrmannsfeldt, W.B. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Bangerter, R.O. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Bock, R. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Hogan, W.J.; Lindl, J.D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Drivers of Variability in the South Asian Monsoon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drivers of Variability in the South Asian Monsoon Announcement of Opportunity Outline Bids Deadline) jointly invite outline bid proposals for research on drivers of variability in the South Asian Monsoon. For ESSO-MoES, this activity forms part of their Monsoon Mission programme (http

Edinburgh, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Intercept: Profiling Windows Network Device Drivers* Manuel Mendona Nuno Neves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

testing, or reverse engineering. Experi- ments using Ethernet, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth device drivers showIntercept: Profiling Windows Network Device Drivers* Manuel Mendonça Nuno Neves University of Lisboa, Faculty of Sciences, LASIGE, Portugal manuelmendonca@msn.com, nuno@di.fc.ul.pt Abstract. Device

Neves, Nuno

62

Renewable Energy Technology Costs and Drivers | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Technology Costs and Drivers Renewable Energy Technology Costs and Drivers Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Technology Costs and Drivers Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/6/63/RE_C Renewable Energy Technology Costs and Drivers Screenshot References: Renewable Energy Technology Costs and Drivers[1] Summary "Provided herein is a preliminary, high-level summary of future and projected cost estimates for 1) Biofuels, 2) Solar (PV & CSP), and 3) Vehicle Batteries. Cost estimates are dependent on various assumptions and

63

Prior BG/P Driver Information | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intrepid/Challenger/Surveyor Intrepid/Challenger/Surveyor Introducing Challenger Quick Reference Guide System Overview BG/P Driver Information Prior BG/P Driver Information Internal Networks Machine Environment FAQs Block and Job State Documentation Machine Partitions Data Transfer Data Storage & File Systems Compiling and Linking Queueing and Running Jobs Debugging and Profiling Performance Tools and APIs IBM References Software and Libraries Tukey Eureka / Gadzooks Policies Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] Prior BG/P Driver Information Prior BGP Driver Information This page contains information about the drivers and efixes currently installed on the ALCF resources Intrepid and Surveyor, as well as

64

A programmable CCD driver circuit for multiphase CCD operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A programmable CCD driver circuit was designed to drive CCD's in multiphased modes. The purpose of the drive electronics was to operate developmental CCD imaging arrays for NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer - Tiltable (MODIS-T). Five prototype arrays were designed. Valid's Graphics Editor (GED) was used to design the driver. With this driver design, any of the five arrays can be readout. Designing the driver with GED allowed functional simulation, timing verification, and certain packaging analyses to be done on the design before fabrication. The driver verified its function with the master clock running up to 10 MHz. This suggests a maximum rate of 400 Kpixels/sec. Timing and packaging parameters were verified. the design uses 54 TTL component chips.

Ewin, A.J.; Reed, K.V.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Nonlinear transmission line based electron beam driver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gated field emission cathodes can provide short electron pulses without the requirement of laser systems or cathode heating required by photoemission or thermionic cathodes. The large electric field requirement for field emission to take place can be achieved by using a high aspect ratio cathode with a large field enhancement factor which reduces the voltage requirement for emission. In this paper, a cathode gate driver based on the output pulse train from a nonlinear transmission line is experimentally demonstrated. The application of the pulse train to a tufted carbon fiber field emission cathode generates short electron pulses. The pulses are approximately 2 ns in duration with emission currents of several mA, and the train contains up to 6 pulses at a frequency of 100 MHz. Particle-in-cell simulation is used to predict the characteristic of the current pulse train generated from a single carbon fiber field emission cathode using the same technique.

French, David M.; Hoff, Brad W.; Tang Wilkin; Heidger, Susan; Shiffler, Don [Directed Energy Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States); Allen-Flowers, Jordan [Program in Applied Mathematics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Offshore Wind Plant Balance-of-Station Cost Drivers and Sensitivities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensitivities OFFSHORE WIND PLANT BALANCE-OF-STATION COST DRIVERS AND SENSITIVITIES OFFSHORE WIND PLANT BALANCE-OF-STATION COST DRIVERS AND SENSITIVITIES G. Saur, B. Maples, B....

67

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energymillion Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energyconsumption, future outlook, end-use, bottom-up analysis

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Commercial Deployment Drivers for Biomass Gasification Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biomass gasification-based power and combined heat and power (CHP) technologies have still not met their full potential despite several decades of research, development, and deployment. This report examines the technical, economic, and policy problems that have hindered the development of these technologies and describes a detailed parametric study of key economic and environmental performance variables for various biomass technologies in order to identify which factors are most important in planning new...

2009-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

69

An Optimization Framework for Driver Feedback Systems  

SciTech Connect

Modern vehicles have sophisticated electronic control units that can control engine operation with discretion to balance fuel economy, emissions, and power. These control units are designed for specific driving conditions (e.g., different speed profiles for highway and city driving). However, individual driving styles are different and rarely match the specific driving conditions for which the units were designed. In the research reported here, we investigate driving-style factors that have a major impact on fuel economy and construct an optimization framework to optimize individual driving styles with respect to these driving factors. In this context, we construct a set of polynomial metamodels to reflect the responses produced in fuel economy by changing the driving factors. Then, we compare the optimized driving styles to the original driving styles and evaluate the effectiveness of the optimization framework. Finally, we use this proposed framework to develop a real-time feedback system, including visual instructions, to enable drivers to alter their driving styles in response to actual driving conditions to improve fuel efficiency.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Aguilar, Juan P. [Georgia Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

WIPP Driver Makes History, Again | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WIPP Driver Makes History, Again WIPP Driver Makes History, Again WIPP Driver Makes History, Again August 31, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Deb Gill www.wipp.energy.gov 575-234-7270 CARLSBAD, N.M. - A brand-new shipping package arrived at the Department of Energy's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) during the early evening hours of August 25, but an all-too familiar face was behind the wheel of the vehicle carrying the package. Long-time WIPP driver Randy Anderson made history, again, when he guided the new TRUPACT-III on its maiden voyage from the Savannah River Site (SRS), located near Aiken, S.C., to the underground repository for defense-generated transuranic (TRU) waste near Carlsbad, N.M. "The trip was uneventful," said Anderson at the conclusion of the 1,534 mile trip from SRS to WIPP. "There were no mechanical problems and no

71

WIPP Driver Makes History, Again | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driver Makes History, Again Driver Makes History, Again WIPP Driver Makes History, Again August 31, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Deb Gill www.wipp.energy.gov 575-234-7270 CARLSBAD, N.M. - A brand-new shipping package arrived at the Department of Energy's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) during the early evening hours of August 25, but an all-too familiar face was behind the wheel of the vehicle carrying the package. Long-time WIPP driver Randy Anderson made history, again, when he guided the new TRUPACT-III on its maiden voyage from the Savannah River Site (SRS), located near Aiken, S.C., to the underground repository for defense-generated transuranic (TRU) waste near Carlsbad, N.M. "The trip was uneventful," said Anderson at the conclusion of the 1,534 mile trip from SRS to WIPP. "There were no mechanical problems and no

72

Unemployed Truck Driver Trains for New Career in Weatherization |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Truck Driver Trains for New Career in Weatherization Truck Driver Trains for New Career in Weatherization Unemployed Truck Driver Trains for New Career in Weatherization November 5, 2010 - 2:46pm Addthis Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this mean for me? Workers across the country are being retrained for careers in the new clean energy economy. Tyrone Bailey had been out of work for 14 months when an unemployment office staffer told him about a home-weatherization training program offered by the state of New Jersey. The former truck driver and construction worker jumped at the opportunity to acquire new skills and began training January 19. He graduated April 1 and won a position with GreenLight Solutions, a Montclair, New Jersey-based residential home improvement company just two weeks later.

73

Unemployed Truck Driver Trains for New Career in Weatherization |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unemployed Truck Driver Trains for New Career in Weatherization Unemployed Truck Driver Trains for New Career in Weatherization Unemployed Truck Driver Trains for New Career in Weatherization November 5, 2010 - 2:46pm Addthis Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this mean for me? Workers across the country are being retrained for careers in the new clean energy economy. Tyrone Bailey had been out of work for 14 months when an unemployment office staffer told him about a home-weatherization training program offered by the state of New Jersey. The former truck driver and construction worker jumped at the opportunity to acquire new skills and began training January 19. He graduated April 1 and won a position with GreenLight Solutions, a Montclair, New Jersey-based residential home improvement company just two weeks later.

74

Perspectives on AFVs: State and City Government Fleet Driver Survey  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This survey collected information from state government and city government fleet drivers who operate light-duty alternative fuel vehicles(AFVs). The survey posed questions about AFV use, fuel use and availability and performance.

Whalen, M.; Eudy, L.; Coburn, T.

1999-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

75

V-217: Microsoft Windows NAT Driver ICMP Packet Handling Denial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SCUSSION: The vulnerability is caused due to an error within the Windows NAT Driver when handling ICMP packets and can be exploited to cause the system to stop responding IMPACT:...

76

Economics of quality of experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While the recent strong increase of interest in Quality of Experience both in industry and academia has managed to place the end user again into the center of service quality evaluation, corresponding economic implications have not received similar attention ... Keywords: WQL hypothesis, Weber-Fechner law, charging for QoE, telecommunication ecosystem, utility function

Peter Reichl; Bruno Tuffin; Patrick Maillé

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Technical Demonstration and Economic Validation of Geothermally...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Texas and the Gulf Region, creating a strong stimulus for economic growth and job creation while also enhancing U.S. energy security, providing a new option for states to...

78

Strong Lines of Mercury ( Hg )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Mercury (Hg) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Mercury ( Hg ). ...

79

Strong Lines of Plutonium ( Pu )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Plutonium (Pu) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Plutonium ( Pu ). ...

80

Strong Lines of Hydrogen ( H )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Hydrogen (H) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Hydrogen ( H ). ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Strong Lines of Tungsten ( W )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Tungsten (W) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Tungsten ( W ). ...

82

On economic bicameralism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) for both economic profitability and democratic justice, is explored after the roots of the idea of economic bicameralism in socio-economic history and existing socio-economic institutions (such as Works Councils) ...

Ferreras, Isabelle, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Strong  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuerte fuerte Avanzar Volver Principal ESTOY PERDIDO!!! Sucede que algunas partículas (quarks y gluones) tienen un tipo de carga, que no es electromagnética, llamada carga de color. La fuerza entre partículas con cargas de color es muy fuerte y por eso se ganó el nombre de fuerza fuerte. Como esta fuerza mantiene unidos a los quarks para formar hadrones, sus partículas mediadoras son caprichosamente llamadas gluones por su éxito al "pegar" los quarks entre sí. Es importante notar que sólo los quarks y lo gluones tienen carga de color. Los hadrones (por ejemplo los protones y los neutrones) son de color neutro, igual que los leptones. Por esta razón, la fuerza fuerte sólo actúa al nivel realmente pequeño de las interacciones entre quarks. Avanzar Volver Aprenda más sobre la carga de color, y el por qué todas

84

Analyzing Vehicle Fuel Saving Opportunities through Intelligent Driver Feedback  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Driving style changes, e.g., improving driver efficiency and motivating driver behavior changes, could deliver significant petroleum savings. This project examines eliminating stop-and-go driving and unnecessary idling, and also adjusting acceleration rates and cruising speeds to ideal levels to quantify fuel savings. Such extreme adjustments can result in dramatic fuel savings of over 30%, but would in reality only be achievable through automated control of vehicles and traffic flow. In real-world driving, efficient driving behaviors could reduce fuel use by 20% on aggressively driven cycles and by 5-10% on more moderately driven trips. A literature survey was conducted of driver behavior influences, and pertinent factors from on-road experiments with different driving styles were observed. This effort highlighted important driver influences such as surrounding vehicle behavior, anxiety over trying to get somewhere quickly, and the power/torque available from the vehicle. Existing feedback approaches often deliver efficiency information and instruction. Three recommendations for maximizing fuel savings from potential drive cycle improvement are: (1) leveraging applications with enhanced incentives, (2) using an approach that is easy and widely deployable to motivate drivers, and (3) utilizing connected vehicle and automation technologies to achieve large and widespread efficiency improvements.

Gonder, J.; Earleywine, M.; Sparks, W.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons Los Alamos researchers believe they have solved a lingering mystery about how electrons within Earth's radiation belt can suddenly become energetic enough to kill orbiting satellites. July 25, 2013 Artist's rendering of mechanism within Van Allen radiation belts An artist's rendering of a mechanism within the Van Allen radiation belts that can accelerate electrons to satellite-killing energies. The mechanism was discovered by a group of scientists using data from NASA's Van Allen Probes (formerly known as the Radiation Belt Storm Probes). Researchers, led by Los Alamos National laboratory space physicist Geoffrey Reeves, believe that electromagnetic waves within the Van Allen belts themselves

86

Green Button Gamer: Driver Challenge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Button Gamer: Driver Challenge Green Button Gamer: Driver Challenge Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Button Gamer Agency/Company /Organization: Green Button Gamer Sector: Energy Focus Area: Vehicles Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website, Mobile Device Website: greenbuttongamer.com/ Web Application Link: greenbuttongamer.com/ Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Featured, Challenge Generated Green Button Gamer Screenshot References: Green Button Gamer[1] Challenge.gov[2] Challenge.gov Submission Page[3] Logo: Green Button Gamer The merger of social apps and gamification of real time vehicle and energy data. Overview GBG Driver Challenge allows users to compete with celebrities, friends, themselves and strangers on games that reinforce good driving habits and

87

Drivers of demand, interrelationships, and nutritional impacts within the nonalcoholic beverage complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study analyzes the economic and demographic drivers of household demand for at-home consumption of nonalcoholic beverages in 1999. Drivers of available intake of calories, calcium, vitamin C, and caffeine associated with the purchase of nonalcoholic beverages also are analyzed. The 1999 ACNielsen HomeScan Panel, purchased by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, is the source of the data for this project. Many different classifications of beverages were analyzed including milk(whole, reduced fat, flavored, and non-flavored), regular and low-calorie carbonated soft drinks, powdered soft drinks, isotonics(sports drinks), juices(orange, apple, vegetable, and other juices), fruit drinks, bottled water, coffee(regular and decaffeinated), and tea(regular and decaffeinated). Probit models were used to find demographic drivers that affect the choice to purchase a nonalcoholic beverage. Heckman sample selection models and cross tabulations were used to find demographic patterns pertaining to the amount of purchase of the nonalcoholic beverages. The nutrient analysis indicated that individuals receive 211 calories, 217 mg of calcium, 45 mg of vitamin C, and 95 mg of caffeine per day from all nonalcoholic beverages. A critical finding for the nutrient analysis was that persons within households below 130% of poverty were receiving more calories and caffeine from nonalcoholic beverages compared to persons within households above 130% of poverty. Likewise, persons in households below 130% of poverty were receiving less calcium and vitamin C from nonalcoholic beverages compared to persons in households above 130% of poverty. Price and cross-price elasticities were examined using the LA/AIDS model. Methodological concerns of data frequency, beverage aggregations, and censoring techniques were explored and discussed. Own-price and cross-price elasticities for the beverages were uncovered. Price elasticities by selected demographic groups also were investigated. Results indicated that price elasticities varied by demographics, specifically for race, region, and presence of children within the household. The information uncovered in this dissertation helps to update consumer demand knowledge and nutritional intake understanding in relation to nonalcoholic beverages. The information can be used as a guide for marketing strategists for targeting and promotion as well as for policy makers looking to improve nutritional intake received from nonalcoholic beverages.

Pittman, Grant Falwell

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Potential Economic Impacts from Offshore Wind in the Gulf of Mexico Region (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Offshore wind is a clean, renewable source of energy and can be an economic driver in the United States. To better understand the employment opportunities and other potential regional economic impacts from offshore wind development, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded research that focuses on four regions of the country. The studies use multiple scenarios with various local job and domestic manufacturing content assumptions. Each regional study uses the new offshore wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This fact sheet summarizes the potential economic impacts for the Gulf of Mexico region.

Flores, F.; Keyser, D.; Tegen, S.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Microsoft Word - ContractManagementPlanningDRIVERS.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drivers for Ineffective and Effective Drivers for Ineffective and Effective Contract Management and Planning Ineffective Contract Management and Planning Effective Contract Management and Planning 1. Top management does not demonstrate a commitment to contract management planning. 2. Contract team members not clear on contract requirements. 3. Contract team members left out of planning process. 4. Lack of coordination and communication amongst the team members. 5. Contract team members not sure of roles, responsibilities, and limitations. 6. Contract team members not clear on how their responsibilities relate, or interact with, other team members. 1. Top management actively demonstrates a commitment to the contract management planning process. 2. Top management mandates training for the

90

BEAM SIMULATIONS USING VIRTUAL DIAGNOSTICS FOR THE DRIVER LINAC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

End-to-end beam simulations for the driver linac have shown that the design meets the necessary performance requirements including having adequate transverse and longitudinal acceptances. However, to achieve reliable operational performance, the development of appropriate beam diagnostic systems and control room procedures are crucial. With limited R&D funding, beam simulations provide a cost effective tool to evaluate candidate beam diagnostic systems and to provide a critical basis for developing early commissioning and later operational activities. We propose to perform beam dynamic studies and engineering analyses to define the requisite diagnostic systems of the driver linac and through simulation to develop and test commissioning and operational procedures.

R. C. York; X. Wu; Q. Zhao

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

91

High Temperature Dynamic Hohlraums on the Pulsed Power Driver Z  

SciTech Connect

In the concept of the dynamic hohlraum an imploding z-pinch is optically thick to its own radiation. Radiation may be trapped inside the pinch to give a radiation temperature inside the pinch greater than that outside the pinch. The radiation is typically produced by colliding an outer Z-pinch liner onto an inner liner. The collision generates a strongly radiating shock, and the radiation is trapped by the outer liner. As the implosion continues after the collision the radiation temperature may continue to increase due to ongoing PdV (pressure times change in volume) work done by the implosion. In principal the radiation temperature may increase to the point at which the outer liner burns through, becomes optically thin, and no longer traps the radiation. One application of the dynamic hohlraum is to drive an ICF (inertial confinement fusion) pellet with the trapped radiation field. Members of the dynamic hohlraum team at Sandia National Labs have used the pulsed power driver Z (20 LMA, 100 ns) to create a dynamic hohlraum with temperature linearly ramping from 100 to 180 eV over 5 ns. On this shot zp214 a nested tungsten wire array of 4 and 2 cm diameters with masses of 2 and 1 mg imploded onto a 2.5 mg plastic annulus at 5 mm diameter. The current return can on this shot was slotted. It is likely the radiation temperature may be increased to over 200 CV by stabilizing the pinch with a solid current return can. A current return can with 9 slots imprints 9 filaments onto the imploding pinch. This degrades the optical trapping and the quality of the liner collision. A 1.6 mm diameter capsule situated inside this dynamic hohlraum of zp214 would see 15 kJ of radiation impinging on its surface before the pinch itself collapses to a 1.6 mm diameter. Dynamic hohlraum shots including pellets are scheduled to take place on Z in September of 1998.

Armijo, J.; Chandler, G.A.; Cooper, G.; Derzon, M.S.; Fehl, D.; Gilliland, T.; Hawn, R.; Hebron, D.; Hurst, M.; Jobe, D.; Lash, J.; Lazier, S.; Leeper, R.; McGurn, J.; McKenney, J.; Mock, R.; Nash, T.J.; Nielsen, D.; Ruiz, C.; Ryan, P.; Seaman, J.F.; Torres, J.

1999-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

92

Business Case Slide 2: Drivers for DU Use R&D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Drivers for DU Use R&D Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents Drivers for DU Use R&D Compliance agreement with Ohio EPA Still in force; requires R&D effort and annual report...

93

Comparative Oncogenomic Analysis of Copy Number Alterations in Human and Zebrafish Tumors Enables Cancer Driver Discovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The identification of cancer drivers is a major goal of current cancer research. Finding driver genes within large chromosomal events is especially challenging because such alterations encompass many genes. Previously, we ...

Zhang, GuangJun

94

Design and implementation of A truecolor wide dimming single-pin LED driver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a single-pin LED driver used in wide screen displays. With the increasing size of the displays, a more compact multi-channel driver solution is needed for the increasing number of back light LEDs. This ...

Li, Zhen, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

APPLICATION NOTE 4393 Selecting HB LED Drivers for Automotive Lighting Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This application note provides an overview of HB LED driver selection criteria for automotive lighting applications. It reviews HB LED driver topologies and recommends configurations for various automotive lighting applications, including interior lighting, exterior lighting, and display backlighting.

Brian Hedayati

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Utilization of Fuel Consumption Data in an Ecodriving Incentive System for Heavy-Duty Vehicle Drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Driver behavior is one of the greatest factors determining fuel consumption and, thus, carbon dioxide emissions from a heavy-duty vehicle. The difference in fuel consumption can be up to 30%, depending on the driver. Education, monitoring, and feedback ...

Heikki Liimatainen

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Final Report on the Fuel Saving Effectiveness of Various Driver Feedback Approaches  

SciTech Connect

This final report quantifies the fuel-savings opportunities from specific driving behavior changes, identifies factors that influence drivers' receptiveness to adopting fuel-saving behaviors, and assesses various driver feedback approaches.

Gonder, J.; Earleywine, M.; Sparks, W.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Simulating strongly correlated electrons with a strongly interacting Fermi gas  

SciTech Connect

The quantum many-body physics of strongly-correlated fermions is studied in a degenerate, strongly- interacting atomic Fermi gas, first realized by our group with DOE support in 2002. This system, which exhibits strong spin pairing, is now widely studied and provides an important paradigm for testing predictions based on state-of-the-art many-body theory in fields ranging from nuclear matter to high temperature superfluidity and superconductivity. As the system is strongly interacting, both the superfluid and the normal fluid are nontrivial and of great interest. A central part of our program on Fermi gases is the connection between the study of thermodynamics, supported by DOE and the study of hydrodynamic transport, supported by NSF. This connection is especially interesting in view of a recent conjecture from the string theory community on the concept of nearly perfect normal fluids, which exhibit a minimum ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density in strongly-interacting, scale-invariant systems.

Thomas, John E. [North Carolina State University

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

99

Detection and tracking of driver's hands in real time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a complete driver's hands detection and tracking system suitable for working in real time conditions has been developed. The proposed system has been successfully tested in close-real world conditions in different scenarios on a very realistic ... Keywords: automotive application, image processing, real time, tracking

Raúl Crespo; Isaac Martín De Diego; Cristina Conde; Enrique Cabello

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Virable speed gas-turbine drivers gain in compressor use  

SciTech Connect

Variable-speed drivers, such as gas turbines, for reciprocating compressors enhance overall energy savings and a compressor's operational flexibility. This paper presents the main design aspects of gas-turbine systems and some examples from a recent installation in Germany.

Giacomelli, E.; Bernardini, F. (Nuovo Pignone, Florence (Italy)); Andree, H. (Pipeline Engineering GmbH, Essen (DE))

1990-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ClassSTRONG: Classical simulations of Strong Field processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A set of Mathematica functions is presented to model classically two of the most important processes in strong field physics, namely high-order harmonic generation (HHG) and above-threshold ionization (ATI). Our approach is based on the numerical solution of the Newton-Lorentz equation of an electron moving on an electric field and takes advantage of the symbolic languages features and graphical power of Mathematica. Similarly as in the Strong Field Approximation (SFA), the effects of atomic potential on the motion of electron in the laser field are neglected. The SFA has proven to be an essential tool in strong field physics in the sense that it is able to predict with great precision the harmonic (in the HHG) and energy (in the ATI) limits. We have extended substantially the conventional classical simulations, where the electric field is only dependent on time, including spatial nonhomogeneous fields and spatial and temporal synthesized fields. Spatial nonhomogeneous fields appear when metal nanosystems int...

Ciappina, M F; Lewenstein, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Unconventional gas outlook: resources, economics, and technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report explains the current and potential of the unconventional gas market including country profiles, major project case studies, and new technology research. It identifies the major players in the market and reports their current and forecasted projects, as well as current volume and anticipated output for specific projects. Contents are: Overview of unconventional gas; Global natural gas market; Drivers of unconventional gas sources; Forecast; Types of unconventional gas; Major producing regions Overall market trends; Production technology research; Economics of unconventional gas production; Barriers and challenges; Key regions: Australia, Canada, China, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States; Major Projects; Industry Initiatives; Major players. Uneconomic or marginally economic resources such as tight (low permeability) sandstones, shale gas, and coalbed methane are considered unconventional. However, due to continued research and favorable gas prices, many previously uneconomic or marginally economic gas resources are now economically viable, and may not be considered unconventional by some companies. Unconventional gas resources are geologically distinct in that conventional gas resources are buoyancy-driven deposits, occurring as discrete accumulations in structural or stratigraphic traps, whereas unconventional gas resources are generally not buoyancy-driven deposits. The unconventional natural gas category (CAM, gas shales, tight sands, and landfill) is expected to continue at double-digit growth levels in the near term. Until 2008, demand for unconventional natural gas is likely to increase at an AAR corresponding to 10.7% from 2003, aided by prioritized research and development efforts. 1 app.

Drazga, B. (ed.)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Fuel Economy Driver Interfaces: Usability Study of Display Component Concepts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fuel economy driver interface (FEDI) gives drivers an indication of fuel usage or efficiency. Many passenger vehicles in recent model years have FEDIs, and they have been included in some vehicle models for decades. FEDIs present fuel economy information in a variety of forms. Some show fuel economy in miles per gallon (mpg) while others provide a relative measure of economy or provide an alert if fuel economy is especially poor. The appearances of FEDIs vary drastically between vehicle makes and models. FEDIs can provide numerical output, analog or digital gauges, bar charts, illuminator lamps, and a variety of other display features. With the recent emergence of high-resolution LCD screens in cars, detailed and complex color displays are possible, and these make feasible a variety of new FEDI concepts. FEDIs may even include vehicle-adaptive features that influence some aspect of vehicle performance in response to inefficient driver behaviors. While FEDIs have the potential to encourage efficient and safe driving, it is possible that the displays themselves cause distraction at the expense of attending to the roadway. Overall goals of this research program are to understand how characteristics of FEDIs influence driver behavior, and to identify best practices for FEDI design to meet drivers ’ needs and minimize distraction and undesirable behavior. Previous work on this project has included documenting the range of existing FEDI designs and conducting focus groups with vehicle owners to discuss fuel efficient driving behaviors and FEDI designs (Jenness, Singer, Walrath, & Lubar, 2009). The purpose of the usability study presented here was to narrow down the range of possible FEDI designs so that the most usable concepts could be tested in a subsequent driving simulator study.

Cs Intensity-changing Light

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Ris Energy Report 5 Global drivers for transformation of energy systems 3 Global drivers for transformation of energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by simulta- neous dramatic increases in oil and gas prices. The role of energy supply as a key facilitator decade. Developing countries are devoting more attention to securing their future energy supplies drivers for future en- ergy development activities: · security of supply; · climate change; · energy

105

Which idling reduction system is most economical for truck owners?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Which idling reduction system is Which idling reduction system is most economical for truck owners? Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress and Exposition Rosemont, Il October 7-9, 2008 The price of diesel is high *Idling a Class 8 truck uses 0.6-1.2 gallons per hour *That can total over $50 a night! *So even without regulations, there's an incentive to reduce idling *Even if the price goes down more, idling reduction makes sense 2 Why do sleepers idle overnight? For services to resting driver and friend y Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) y Power for appliances 8TV, microwave, refrigerator, computer, hair drier To keep fuel and engine warm To mask out noises and smells Because other drivers do it

106

Driver Behavior at Rail Crossings: Cost-Effective Improvements to Increase Driver Safety at Public At-Grade Rail-Highway Crossings in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

14 5.1. Potential Rail Crossing19 DRIVER DECISIONS AT RAIL CROSSINGS: A CONCEPTUALFigure 1: Ten Year U.S. and California Rail-Highway Crossing

Cooper, Douglas L.; Ragland, David R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Prospects for inertial fusion energy based on a diode-pumped solid-state laser (DPSSL) driver: Overview and development path  

SciTech Connect

It is now known with certainty that the type of fusion known as inertial fusion will work with sufficient energy input, so inertial fusion is really beyond the ``scientific breakeven`` point in many respects. The most important question that remains for inertial fusion energy (IFE) is whether this type of fusion can operate with sufficiently low input energy to make it economically feasible for energy production. The constraint for low input energy demands operation near the inertial fusion ignition threshold, and such operation creates enormous challenges to discover a target design that will produce sufficient energy gain. There are also multiple issues relating to the scientific feasibility of using a laboratory-type ``driver`` to energize a target, such as those concerning bandwidth and beam smoothing for ``direct drive,`` and extension of hohlraum plasma physics to the IFE scale for ``indirect drive.`` One driver that appears as though it will be able to meet the IFE requirements, assuming modest development and sufficient target gain, is a diode-pumped solid-state laser (DPSSL). We give an overview of this type of laser system, and explain what development remains for the economic production of electricity using this type of driver for IFE.

Orth, C.D.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Strong planning under partial observability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rarely planning domains are fully observable. For this reason, the ability to deal with partial observability is one of the most important challenges in planning. In this paper, we tackle the problem of strong planning under partial observability in ... Keywords: Binary decision diagrams, Heuristic search in belief space, Planning in nondeterministic domains, Planning under partial observability, Symbolic model checking

Piergiorgio Bertoli; Alessandro Cimatti; Marco Roveri; Paolo Traverso

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Financial and Economic Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication lists and defines many financial and economic terms with which producers should be familiar.

McCorkle, Dean; Klinefelter, Danny A.

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

110

Strong-strong beam-beam simulation on parallel computer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The beam-beam interaction puts a strong limit on the luminosity of the high energy storage ring colliders. At the interaction points, the electromagnetic fields generated by one beam focus or defocus the opposite beam. This can cause beam blowup and a reduction of luminosity. An accurate simulation of the beam-beam interaction is needed to help optimize the luminosity in high energy colliders.

Qiang, Ji

2004-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

111

\Reuschertrolder driver projectwriteupDeb finalchap09.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 - 1 9 - 1 9. ANALYSIS OF THE FATALITY PROJECTIONS In this chapter, we offer two views on the importance of various determinants of elderly driver fatalities. The first takes the perspective of the four major components of the projections: growths in population, increases in VMT, growth in the percent of the elderly population driving, and decreases in crash risk. We report these contributions to the fatality projections in Section 9.1. None of these major components is directly amenable to policy instruments, but many of the variables in the equations used to project those components do have some susceptibility to adjustment by public policy. In Section 9.2 we report the sensitivity of driver fatalities in 2025 to alternative scenarios based on alternative growth

112

Baseline scenario(s) for muon collider proton driver  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper gives an overview of the various muon collider scenarios and the requirements they put on the Proton Driver. The required proton power is about 4-6MW in all the scenarios, but the bunch repetition rate varies between 12 and 65Hz. Since none of the muon collider scenarios have been simulated end-to-end, it would be advisable to plan for an upgrade path to around 10MW. Although the proton driver energy is flexible, cost arguments seems to favor a relatively low energy. In particular, at Fermilab 8GeV seems most attractive, partly due to the possibility of reusing the three existing fixed energy storage rings for bunch manipulations.

Jansson, Andreas; /Fermilab

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Strongly interacting parton matter equilibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the kinetic and chemical equilibration in 'infinite' parton matter within the Parton-Hadron-String Dynamics transport approach. The 'infinite' matter is simulated within a cubic box with periodic boundary conditions initialized at different energy densities. Particle abundances, kinetic energy distributions, and the detailed balance of the off-shell quarks and gluons in the strongly-interacting quarkgluon plasma are addressed and discussed.

Ozvenchuk, V., E-mail: ozvenchuk@fias.uni-frankfurt.de [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (Germany); Linnyk, O. [Goethe-Universitaet, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik (Germany); Bratkovskaya, E. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (Germany); Gorenstein, M. [NAS Ukraine, Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics (Ukraine); Cassing, W. [Justus-Liebig Universitaet, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik (Germany)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

SciTech Connect

China's rapid economic expansion has propelled it to the rank of the largest energy consuming nation in the world, with energy demand growth continuing at a pace commensurate with its economic growth. The urban population is expected to grow by 20 million every year, accompanied by construction of 2 billion square meters of buildings every year through 2020. Thus residential energy use is very likely to continue its very rapid growth. Understanding the underlying drivers of this growth helps to identify the key areas to analyze energy efficiency potential, appropriate policies to reduce energy use, as well as to understand future energy in the building sector. This paper provides a detailed, bottom-up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wide variety of sources and a modelling effort that relies on a very detailed characterization of China's energy demand. It assesses the current energy situation with consideration of end use, intensity, and efficiency etc, and forecast the future outlook for the critical period extending to 2020, based on assumptions of likely patterns of economic activity, availability of energy services, technology improvement and energy intensities. From this analysis, we can conclude that Chinese residential energy consumption will more than double by 2020, from 6.6 EJ in 2000 to 15.9 EJ in 2020. This increase will be driven primarily by urbanization, in combination with increases in living standards. In the urban and higher income Chinese households of the future, most major appliances will be common, and heated and cooled areas will grow on average. These shifts will offset the relatively modest efficiency gains expected according to current government plans and policies already in place. Therefore, levelling and reduction of growth in residential energy demand in China will require a new set of more aggressive efficiency policies.

Zhou, Nan; McNeil, Michael A.; Levine, Mark

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

SciTech Connect

China's rapid economic expansion has propelled it to the rank of the largest energy consuming nation in the world, with energy demand growth continuing at a pace commensurate with its economic growth. The urban population is expected to grow by 20 million every year, accompanied by construction of 2 billion square meters of buildings every year through 2020. Thus residential energy use is very likely to continue its very rapid growth. Understanding the underlying drivers of this growth helps to identify the key areas to analyze energy efficiency potential, appropriate policies to reduce energy use, as well as to understand future energy in the building sector. This paper provides a detailed, bottom-up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wide variety of sources and a modelling effort that relies on a very detailed characterization of China's energy demand. It assesses the current energy situation with consideration of end use, intensity, and efficiency etc, and forecast the future outlook for the critical period extending to 2020, based on assumptions of likely patterns of economic activity, availability of energy services, technology improvement and energy intensities. From this analysis, we can conclude that Chinese residential energy consumption will more than double by 2020, from 6.6 EJ in 2000 to 15.9 EJ in 2020. This increase will be driven primarily by urbanization, in combination with increases in living standards. In the urban and higher income Chinese households of the future, most major appliances will be common, and heated and cooled areas will grow on average. These shifts will offset the relatively modest efficiency gains expected according to current government plans and policies already in place. Therefore, levelling and reduction of growth in residential energy demand in China will require a new set of more aggressive efficiency policies.

Zhou, Nan; McNeil, Michael A.; Levine, Mark

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver January 13, 2009 - 8:29am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy As I write this post, the Midwest and northern states are in the grip of a deep freeze. Temperatures are extremely low, and when wind chill is added in, it's barely possible to set foot outside. But if you are like me, you still need to get to work. For most of the country, that means driving-at least a little, if not an hour-plus commute each way. So why not make your vehicle efficient? We've been advising you on ways to make the home more energy smart, so let's talk about your car for a moment. One of the best ways to be energy smart with your car is also one of the wisest: drive sensibly. Aggressive driving wastes gas. Jackrabbit starts,

117

Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver January 13, 2009 - 8:29am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy As I write this post, the Midwest and northern states are in the grip of a deep freeze. Temperatures are extremely low, and when wind chill is added in, it's barely possible to set foot outside. But if you are like me, you still need to get to work. For most of the country, that means driving-at least a little, if not an hour-plus commute each way. So why not make your vehicle efficient? We've been advising you on ways to make the home more energy smart, so let's talk about your car for a moment. One of the best ways to be energy smart with your car is also one of the wisest: drive sensibly. Aggressive driving wastes gas. Jackrabbit starts,

118

Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver Be a Safe and Efficient Winter Driver January 13, 2009 - 8:29am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy As I write this post, the Midwest and northern states are in the grip of a deep freeze. Temperatures are extremely low, and when wind chill is added in, it's barely possible to set foot outside. But if you are like me, you still need to get to work. For most of the country, that means driving-at least a little, if not an hour-plus commute each way. So why not make your vehicle efficient? We've been advising you on ways to make the home more energy smart, so let's talk about your car for a moment. One of the best ways to be energy smart with your car is also one of the wisest: drive sensibly. Aggressive driving wastes gas. Jackrabbit starts,

119

Fuel Economy Driver Interfaces: Driving Simulator Study of Component Concepts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fuel economy driver interface (FEDI) gives a driver an indication of fuel usage or efficiency. Many passenger vehicles in recent model years have FEDIs and they have been included in some vehicle models for decades. FEDIs present fuel economy information in a variety of forms. Some show fuel economy in miles per gallon (mpg) while others provide a relative measure of economy or provide an alert if fuel economy is especially poor. The appearances of FEDIs vary drastically between vehicle makes and models. FEDIs can provide numerical output, analog or digital gauges, bar charts, illuminator lamps, and a variety of other display features. With the recent emergence of high-resolution LCD screens in cars, detailed and complex color displays are possible, and these make feasible a variety of new FEDI concepts. FEDIs may even include vehicle-adaptive features that influence some aspect of vehicle performance in response to inefficient driver behaviors. While FEDIs have the potential to encourage efficient and safe driving, it is possible that the displays themselves might cause distraction at the expense

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

EOCR CONTROL ROD AND DRIVER FUEL HYDRAULIC TESTS  

SciTech Connect

The EOCR prototype control rod, control rod drive, and driver fuel assembly were extensively tested in 500 deg F Santowax and 132 deg F water. These tests not only established the operating characteristics of these assemblies but also revealed a number of deficiencies in the various components. The modifications required were tested to establish the satisfactory performance of the modified components. Flow versus pressure differential measurements were performed on the driver fuel and the control rod. These measuremerts were also performed on various sized orifices in both assemblies to facilitate final orifice sizing when the final physics and heat transfer calculations have been completed. Scram insertion time curves were obtained for a variety of control rod configurations and test conditions. These curves not only established the scram insertion reliability of the control rod but also provided the basis for performing a control rod force analysis. Included are descriptions of the control rod, control rod drive, and driver fuel assembly together with descriptions of their method of operation. (auth)

Harrison, L.J.

1962-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

V-217: Microsoft Windows NAT Driver ICMP Packet Handling Denial of Service  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: Microsoft Windows NAT Driver ICMP Packet Handling Denial of 7: Microsoft Windows NAT Driver ICMP Packet Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability V-217: Microsoft Windows NAT Driver ICMP Packet Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability August 14, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in the Windows NAT Driver PLATFORM: Windows Server 2012 ABSTRACT: This security update resolves a vulnerability in the Windows NAT Driver in Microsoft Windows REFERENCE LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA54420 Security Tracker ID 1028909 Microsoft Security Bulletin MS13-064 CVE-2013-3182 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DI SCUSSION: The vulnerability is caused due to an error within the Windows NAT Driver when handling ICMP packets and can be exploited to cause the system to stop responding IMPACT: Denial of Service SOLUTION: Vendor has released a security update

122

Quantum solitons at strong coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the effect of one loop quantum corrections on the formation of nontopological solitons in a strongly coupled scalar-fermionic Yukawa theory. The exact one fermion loop contribution is incorporated by using a nonlocal method to correct the local derivative expansion approximation (DE) of the effective action. As the Yukawa coupling is increased we find that the nonlocal corrections play an increasingly important role. The corrections cause the scalar field to increase in depth while maintaining its size. This increases the energy of the bag configuration, but this is compensated for by more tightly bound fermionic states with lower energy. In contrast to the semi-classical picture without quantum corrections, the binding energy is small, and the total energy scales directly with the Yukawa coupling. This confirms the qualitative behavior found in earlier work using the second order DE, although the quantitative solutions differ.

Stewart, I W; Stewart, Iain W.; Blunden, Peter G.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Analyzing Vehicle Fuel Saving Opportunities through Intelligent Driver Feedback  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

NREL/CP-5400-53864.Posted with permission. NREL/CP-5400-53864.Posted with permission. Presented at the 2012 SAE World Congress, 24-26 April 2012, Detroit, Michigan 2012-01-0494 Analyzing Vehicle Fuel Saving Opportunities Published through Intelligent Driver Feedback 04/16/2012 Jeffrey Gonder, Matthew Earleywine and Witt Sparks National Renewable Energy Laboratory doi:10.4271/2012-01-0494 ABSTRACT While it is well known that "MPG will vary" based on how one drives, little independent research exists on the aggregate

124

Projecting Fatalities in Crashes Involving Older Drivers, 2000-2025  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of this research effort, we developed a new methodology for projecting elderly traffic crash fatalities. This methodology separates exposure to crashes from crash risk per se, and further divides exposure into two components, the number of miles driven and the likelihood of being a driver. This component structure permits conceptually different determinants of traffic fatalities to be projected separately and has thorough motivation in behavioral theory. It also permits finer targeting of particular aspects of projections that need improvement and closer linking of projections to possible policy instruments for influencing them.

Hu, P.S.

2001-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

125

The Outlook for Electricity Supply and Demand to 2035: Key Drivers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov The Outlook for Electricity Supply and Demand to 2035: Key Drivers

126

Video-based lane estimation and tracking for driver assistance: Survey, system, and evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002. [6] W. Enkelmann, “Video-based driver assistance—FromK. Kalaitzakis, “A survey of video processing techniques forand thermal infrared video: Algorithms and experimental

McCall, J C; Trivedi, Mohan Manubhai

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEAVY-ION ACCELERATORS AS DRIVERS FOR INERTIALLY CONFINED FUSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The f a s t breeder reactor should in theory solve the fuellight water reactors. The ICF driver could, in theory, serve

Herrmannsfeldt, W.b.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Energy efficiency in the South Africa crude oil refining industry drivers, barriers and opportunities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Includes abstract. This study has explored a range of barriers, drivers and opportunities to improving energy performance in the South African crude oil refining industry,… (more)

Bergh, Caitlin.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Utility Integrated Resource Planning: An Emerging Driver of New Renewable Generation in the Western United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy in Western UtilityEmerging Driver of New Renewable Generation in the WesternEnergy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Office of Planning,

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Projecting Fatalities in Crashes Involving Older Drivers, 2000...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ALS Activity Limitation Status AMA American Medical Association AoA Administration on Aging BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics CODES Crash Outcome...

131

Probability Densities in Strong Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to modern developments in turbulence theory, the "dissipation" scales (u.v. cut-offs) $\\eta$ form a random field related to velocity increments $\\delta_{\\eta}u$. In this work we, using Mellin's transform combined with the Gaussain large -scale boundary condition, calculate probability densities (PDFs) of velocity increments $P(\\delta_{r}u,r)$ and the PDF of the dissipation scales $Q(\\eta, Re)$, where $Re$ is the large-scale Reynolds number. The resulting expressions strongly deviate from the Log-normal PDF $P_{L}(\\delta_{r}u,r)$ often quoted in the literature. It is shown that the probability density of the small-scale velocity fluctuations includes information about the large (integral) scale dynamics which is responsible for deviation of $P(\\delta_{r}u,r)$ from $P_{L}(\\delta_{r}u,r)$. A framework for evaluation of the PDFs of various turbulence characteristics involving spatial derivatives is developed. The exact relation, free of spurious Logarithms recently discussed in Frisch et al (J. Fluid Mech. {\\bf 542}, 97 (2005)), for the multifractal probability density of velocity increments, not based on the steepest descent evaluation of the integrals is obtained and the calculated function $D(h)$ is close to experimental data. A novel derivation (Polyakov, 2005), of a well-known result of the multi-fractal theory [Frisch, "Turbulence. {\\it Legacy of A.N.Kolmogorov}", Cambridge University Press, 1995)), based on the concepts described in this paper, is also presented.

Victor Yakhot

2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

132

NETL: IEP - Coal Utilization By-Products : Regulatory Drivers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulatory Drivers Regulatory Drivers Since 1993, Federal Regulations have treated the four major large-volume CUB's -- fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) byproducts -- as solid wastes that do not warrant regulation as hazardous wastes under Subtitle C of RCRA, as long as these CUBÂ’s were not co-managed with other waste materials. On May 22, 2000, EPA published a final Regulatory Determination [PDF-320KB] that retained the hazardous waste exemption for coal utilization by-products. EPA has concluded that fossil fuel combustion wastes do not warrant regulation as hazardous under Subtitle C of RCRA and is retaining the hazardous waste exemption for these wastes. However, the Agency has determined that national non-hazardous waste regulations under RCRA Subtitle D are needed for coal combustion wastes disposed in surface impoundments and landfills and used as minefilling. EPA also concluded beneficial uses of these wastes, other than for minefilling, pose no significant risk and no additional national regulations are needed. This determination affects more than 110 million tons of fossil fuel combustion wastes that are generated each year, virtually all from burning coal.

133

UWB multi-burst transmit driver for averaging receivers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-burst transmitter for ultra-wideband (UWB) communication systems generates a sequence of precisely spaced RF bursts from a single trigger event. There are two oscillators in the transmitter circuit, a gated burst rate oscillator and a gated RF burst or RF power output oscillator. The burst rate oscillator produces a relatively low frequency, i.e., MHz, square wave output for a selected transmit cycle, and drives the RF burst oscillator, which produces RF bursts of much higher frequency, i.e., GHz, during the transmit cycle. The frequency of the burst rate oscillator sets the spacing of the RF burst packets. The first oscillator output passes through a bias driver to the second oscillator. The bias driver conditions, e.g., level shifts, the signal from the first oscillator for input into the second oscillator, and also controls the length of each RF burst. A trigger pulse actuates a timing circuit, formed of a flip-flop and associated reset time delay circuit, that controls the operation of the first oscillator, i.e., how long it oscillates (which defines the transmit cycle).

Dallum, Gregory E

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

134

ITL's TREC 2002 Draws Strong International Participation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITL's Annual Information Retrieval Conference Draws Strong International Participation. The Information Access Division ...

135

Economic Development | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economic Development Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy Entrepreneurial Development Programs Oak Ridge Science and Technology Park Economic...

136

Economic Development and Pollutants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this paper is to investigate the correlation of economic development and pollutants in Brazil from 1960 to 2008. This investigation is… (more)

Törnros, Sara

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

One: California Economic Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK: AN IMPROVED POWER SITUATIONwas sluggish. An improved outlook for consumer spending inforecast compared with the outlook of UCLA's Anderson

Lieser, Tom K

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Development of a questionnaire for identifying driver's personal values in driving  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The speed behavior of drivers is influenced by their personal driving values. It is assumed that these personal values may differ between drivers. In this paper, we describe the development of the Personal Driving Values (PDV) questionnaire. The questionnaire ... Keywords: driving behavior, motivation, questionnaire

Qonita Shahab, Jacques Terken, Berry Eggen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Simultaneous driver sizing and buffer insertion using a delay penalty estimation technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To achieve timing closure in a placed design, buffer insertion and driver sizing are two of the most effective transforms that can be applied. Since the driver sizing solution and the buffer insertion solution affect each other, sub-optimal solutions ...

Charles Alpert; Chris Chu; Gopal Gandham; Miloš Hrki?; Jiang Hu; Chandramouli Kashyap; Stephen Quay

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Barriers and drivers for process innovation in the petrochemical industry: A case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Process innovation and energy efficiency improvement are among the key options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in petrochemicals production. This case study presents some of the main drivers and barriers to activities aimed at improving existing processes ... Keywords: Barriers, Case study, Drivers, Energy efficiency, O31 Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives, Process innovation, Strategic innovation

Tao Ren

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Economic Forecast Report Economic Outlook and Forecasts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

volatile prices such as food and energy, is even softer, averaging around 1% for the year. Inflation should in our last report, the rebound in economic activity has been weak and uninspiring with below-trend formation is far below desired level, the overall trend is positive. Despite these improve- ments, we fear

de Lijser, Peter

142

Drivers and Barriers in the Current Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Market  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drivers and Barriers in the Current Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Market Drivers and Barriers in the Current Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Market (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Drivers and Barriers in the Current Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Market (Webinar) Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-drivers-and-barriers-current-csp-marke Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/drivers-and-barriers-current-concentr Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Mandates/Targets This video teaches users about the four major types of concentrating solar power technologies (CSP): parabolic trough, tower concentrators, linear Fresnel lenses and dish engine systems. It also provides an overview of the trends in the market and research that should be performed in order to make

143

Economic Value of Veterinary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laboratories such as TVMDL. Without TVMDL's services, Texas would experience both a health and a fiscal crisis Diagnostic Laboratory (TVMDL) works to protect animal and human health through diagnostic testing of samplesEconomic Value of Veterinary Diagnostics Public Investment in Animal Health Testing Yields Economic

144

Wind Economic Development (Postcard)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the economic development benefits of wind energy. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the economic development benefits section on the Wind Powering America website.

Not Available

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

\Reuschertrolder driver projectwriteupDeb finalchap10.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 - 1 10 - 1 10. SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS 10.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS As part of this research effort, we developed a new methodology for projecting elderly traffic crash fatalities. This methodology separates exposure to crashes from crash risk per se, and further divides exposure into two components, the number of miles driven and the likelihood of being a driver. This component structure permits conceptually different determinants of traffic fatalities to be projected separately and has thorough motivation in behavioral theory. It also permits finer targeting of particular aspects of projections that need improvement and closer linking of projections to possible policy instruments for influencing them. 10.1.1 Aggregate Fatality Projections

146

RESULTS FROM RFETS BUILDING 771 PROJECT Activity Name Driver  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RESULTS FROM RFETS BUILDING 771 PROJECT RESULTS FROM RFETS BUILDING 771 PROJECT Activity Name Driver Pre Review M-H/Yr Post Review Est M-H/Yr Est Potential Reallocable M-H/Yr Savings Est Cost Savings @$50/Hr Pre Review Frequency Suggested Frequency Bin Location Resource Organization Contamination survey in/around Gloveboxes not in use None 364 0 364 $18,200 Semi- annually N/A Cancellati on Radiation Protection Contamination Survey upon receipt of rad materials None 0 0 0 $0 As required N/A Cancellati on Radiation Protection A/S - Posting areas with potential > 10% DAC 10CFR835 2080 0 2080 $104,000 As required N/A Cancellati on Radiation Protection A/S - Use of respirators where potential for > 10% DAC 10CFR835 RCM Art 555 2080 0 2080 $104,000 As required N/A Cancellati on Radiation

147

Analysis of IFR driver fuel hot channel factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal-hydraulic uncertainty factors for Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) driver fuels have been determined based primarily on the database obtained from the predecessor fuels used in the IFR prototype, Experimental Breeder Reactor II. The uncertainty factors were applied to the channel factors (HCFs) analyses to obtain separate overall HCFs for fuel and cladding for steady-state analyses. A ``semistatistical horizontal method`` was used in the HCFs analyses. The uncertainty factor of the fuel thermal conductivity dominates the effects considered in the HCFs analysis; the uncertainty in fuel thermal conductivity will be reduced as more data are obtained to expand the currently limited database for the IFR ternary metal fuel (U-20Pu-10Zr). A set of uncertainty factors to be used for transient analyses has also been derived.

Ku, J.Y.; Chang, L.K.; Mohr, D.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Assessing the drivers of regional trends in solar photovoltaic manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The photovoltaic (PV) industry has grown rapidly as a source of energy and economic activity. Since 2008, the average manufacturer-sale price of PV modules has declined by over a factor of two, coinciding with a significant ...

Goodrich, Alan C.

149

Combining radial basis function neural network and genetic algorithm to improve HDD driver IC chip scale package assembly yield  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, the future trend of micro HDD driver IC for large capacity micro HDD is to become lighter, thinner, shorter and smaller. Among all the options available for micro HDD driver IC's assembly, warpage is an important issue related to micro ... Keywords: Assembly yield, Driver IC, GA, RBFN, Warpage

M. L. Huang; Y. H. Hung

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Potential Economic Impacts from Offshore Wind in the Southeast Region (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Offshore wind is a clean, renewable source of energy and can be an economic driver in the United States. To better understand the employment opportunities and other potential regional economic impacts from offshore wind development, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded research that focuses on four regions of the country. The studies use multiple scenarios with various local job and domestic manufacturing content assumptions. Each regional study uses the new offshore wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This fact sheet summarizes the potential economic impacts identified by the study for the Southeast (defined here as Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia).

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Sliding Mode Pulsed Averaging IC Drivers for High Brightness Light Emitting Diodes  

SciTech Connect

This project developed new Light Emitting Diode (LED) driver ICs associated with specific (uniquely operated) switching power supplies that optimize performance for High Brightness LEDs (HB-LEDs). The drivers utilize a digital control core with a newly developed nonlinear, hysteretic/sliding mode controller with mixed-signal processing. The drivers are flexible enough to allow both traditional microprocessor interface as well as other options such as “on the fly” adjustment of color and brightness. Some other unique features of the newly developed drivers include • AC Power Factor Correction; • High power efficiency; • Substantially fewer external components should be required, leading to substantial reduction of Bill of Materials (BOM). Thus, the LED drivers developed in this research : optimize LED performance by increasing power efficiency and power factor. Perhaps more remarkably, the LED drivers provide this improved performance at substantially reduced costs compared to the present LED power electronic driver circuits. Since one of the barriers to market penetration for HB-LEDs (in particular “white” light LEDs) is cost/lumen, this research makes important contributions in helping the advancement of SSL consumer acceptance and usage.

Dr. Anatoly Shteynberg, PhD

2006-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

152

Essays in financial economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays in financial economics. Chapter 1 is entitled "Inside Debt." Existing theories advocate the use of cash and equity in executive compensation. However, recent empirical studies have ...

Edmans, Alex

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

PNNL: Economic Development Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

business looking for a door to the Laboratory? The Economic Development Office at PNNL is here to help you start, grow, or relocate your business. We help you tap into...

154

Displaying Economic Value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distinction between forecast quality and economic value in a cost–loss formulation is well known. Also well known is their complex relationship, even with some instances of a reversal between the two, where higher quality is associated with ...

Caren Marzban

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

PART ONE: ECONOMIC REVIEW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I Policy Environment 1.1 During the year 1999-2000, the Indian economy exhibited a good degree of resilience. Economic growth continued to be in line with the trend in the post 1991 period, notwithstanding

unknown authors

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

The D9-4 experiment: Improving on the fast flux test facility driver pin  

SciTech Connect

The driver fuel system for the fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) has proven to be a very robust and reliable spectrum liquid-metal reactor. A series of fuel assembly tests, has now been completed that incorporate unique improvements to extend the lifetime of the driver fuel design to increase the ease of fabrication, and to increase the breeding potential. The D9-4 test was a high-exposure fuel assembly in this series, and detailed examinations of this test have been completed. Commonalities with the standard FFTF driver fuel included dimensions and the use of uranium/plutonium mixed-oxide pellet fuel.

Chastain, S.A. (Westinghouse Hanford Company, Richland, WA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

A Retroreflective Sheeting Selection Technique for Nighttime Drivers' Needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the author developed a retroreflective sheeting selection technique for traffic signs. Previous research was used to determine the luminance needed by drivers (demand luminance). The author used roadways scenarios to determine the amount of luminance the retroreflective sheeting on a sign would produce (supply luminance). A spreadsheet was developed to determine the performance of different retroreflective sheeting types by comparing the demand and supply luminance for specific roadway scenarios. Using the results of previous studies, three demand luminance levels were created: replacement, adequate, and desirable. The replacement level represents the level of luminance when a sign needs to be replaced and is 2.5 cd/m2. The adequate level is the recommended amount of luminance when installing new traffic signs and is 10 cd/m2. The desirable level is the approximate level when additional luminance has diminishing returns and is 30 cd/m2. Supply luminance on a specific traffic sign was determined by evaluating roadway geometries, sign placement, retroreflective sheeting type and vehicle data. The author reviewed roadway geometries in Texas to estimate typical number of lanes, shoulder widths and horizontal curvature in the US. Sign placement from the MUTCD determined the typical lateral placements, sign heights, and sign twists. Vehicle data included vehicle dimensions and headlamp type. Both the supply and demand luminance were determined for a specific viewing distance for a given scenario. The viewing distance is the distance a driver needs to read or recognize a sign to respond properly. In addition, the type of sign, alphanumeric or symbol, determined how this distance was calculated. The author developed four sign groups to calculate the distance required to read and respond to a traffic sign, including 1) Stop required, 2) Reduction in speed required, 3) Read the message provided, and 4) Change of lane required. For symbol signs, the minimum required visibility distance (MRVD) was determined for the sign group and for text signs, the viewing distance at a legibility index (LI) of 30 ft/in was found. At these distances, the author calculated the supply luminance and then compared it to the demand luminance levels to determine the performance level. The author developed the Retroreflective Sheeting Selection Spreadsheet (RSSS) to allow others to use the methodology presented in this thesis. RSSS allows users to input the roadway data, vehicle data, and sign data. RSSS takes this information and looks up the supply luminance for the scenario. RSSS then compares the supply luminance to the demand luminance levels and outputs the retroreflective sheeting performance level for the scenario.

Paulus, Susan C.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Economic Policy Rationales and Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on Economic Growth. Brief No. 13-3: The Economic Benefits from Improved Cyber Security Infrastructure. Brief No. 13-4: Beyond ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

159

On Impacts of Economic Growth.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents four papers on impacts of economic growth. The results indicate that faster economic growth improves the short-run political survival prospects of national… (more)

Burke, Paul John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Boiler Stack Economizer Tube Failure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Boiler Stack Economizer Tube Failure ... performed to investigate the failure of a type 304 stainless steel tube from a boiler stack economizer.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Transportation Economic Assistance Program (Wisconsin)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Transportation Economic Assistance Program provides state grants to private business and local governments to improve transportation to projects improving economic conditions and creating or...

162

Argonne TDC: Regional Economic Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Economic Development Argonne participates in economic development activities with State of Illinois agencies and programs, business and industrial organizations, and...

163

Minority Economic Impact | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Minority Economic Impact Minority Economic Impact Diversity and Inclusion Supporting Small Businesses Minority Economic Impact Partnering with Minority Serving Institutions...

164

Simulation demonstrates economics of minnelusa polymer floods  

SciTech Connect

Defining some variables with a probability distribution can establish more precisely the economic value of such projects as polymer flooding in the Minnelusa formation. An enhanced-oil-recovery (EOR) project often presents a difficult investment decision. The substantial risks and performance uncertainties must be carefully weighted against the investment costs. a Monte Carlo simulation model was used to characterize the incremental economics of a Minnelusa polymer flood. The principal questions addressed in this paper are: What is the likelihood of the EOR project being an economic success What is the expected economic benefit of the polymer flood With representative field parameters and price projections, the typical Minnelusa polymer flood was found to have a 93% chance of economic success. The expected monetary value (EMV) for the project is $1.6 million. This expected net gain results from the incremental cost of about $50,000 for additional surface equipment and about $480,000 for chemicals. Although each project must be evaluated on its own merits, these results present a strong case of considering polymer-augmented floods in the Minnelusa.

Hochanadel, S.M. (Tiorco Inc., Englewood, CO (US)); Schuyler, J.R.

1991-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

165

Heating Oil Imports Strong in 2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: Although total distillate imports have been unusually strong this winter, heating oil (high-sulfur distillate) imports have grown by a proportionately greater amount. As...

166

\Reuschertrolder driver projectwriteupDeb finalchap07.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Person miles of travel includes travel by any mode or means; VMT/person implies that the person is Person miles of travel includes travel by any mode or means; VMT/person implies that the person is driving the vehicle. GM Project G.6 October 2000 7 - 1 7. VEHICLE MILES TRAVELED 7.1 HISTORICAL TRENDS IN ELDERLY DRIVING The total person miles of travel for all drivers in the United States increased from 2,026 billion miles in 1983 to 2,141 billion miles in 1990 to 2,663 billion miles in 1995, a total increase of 31.4% (U.S. Department of Transportation, 1997B). Historical driving trends among the elderly also show a general increase in the annual amount of VMT per person 1 (Figure 7.1). The age group of persons over 85 have seen the largest increases. Men over 85 drove an average of 1933 miles per year in 1983, a number which more than doubled to 5166

167

Proton Driver Linac for the Frankfurt Neutron Source  

SciTech Connect

The Frankfurt Neutron Source at the Stern-Gerlach-Zentrum (FRANZ) will deliver high neutron fluxes in the energy range of 1 to 500 keV. The Activation Mode provides a high averaged neutron flux created by a cw proton beam of up to 5 mA, while in the Compressor Mode intense neutron pulses of 1 ns length are formed with a repetition rate of up to 250 kHz. The Compressor Mode is well-suited for energy-dependent neutron capture measurements using the Time-of-Flight method in combination with a 4{pi} BaF{sub 2} detector array. The design of the proton driver linac for both operation modes is presented. This includes the volume type ion source, the ExB chopper located in the low energy section, the RFQ-IH combination for beam acceleration and the bunch compressor. Finally, the neutron production at the lithium-7 target and the resulting energy spectrum is described.

Wiesner, C.; Chau, L. P.; Dinter, H.; Droba, M.; Heilmann, M.; Joshi, N.; Maeder, D.; Metz, A.; Meusel, O.; Noll, D.; Podlech, H.; Ratzinger, U.; Reichau, H.; Schempp, A.; Schmidt, S.; Schweizer, W.; Volk, K.; Wagner, C. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Goethe-Universitaet, Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt/Main (Germany); Reifarth, R. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Goethe-Universitaet, Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt/Main (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Mueller, I.

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

168

Aiming to Green NASCAR's Future: Q&A with Driver Leilani Munter |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aiming to Green NASCAR's Future: Q&A with Driver Leilani Munter Aiming to Green NASCAR's Future: Q&A with Driver Leilani Munter Aiming to Green NASCAR's Future: Q&A with Driver Leilani Munter August 2, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Leilani Münter adopts an acre of rainforest for every race she drives in. | Photo courtesy of Phil Cavali Leilani Münter adopts an acre of rainforest for every race she drives in. | Photo courtesy of Phil Cavali Lindsay Gsell "I feel being a part of NASCAR is where I can make a really big impact in terms of raising awareness about our environmental issues. I'm definitely bringing a new audience to NASCAR and working on bridging the gap between environmentalists and race fans." Leilani Munter Carbon Free Girl Leilani Münter is not your usual NASCAR driver. An avid environmentalist, Münter's goal is to spread an energy efficiency and

169

U-226: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of 6: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability U-226: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability August 2, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability PLATFORM: Linux Kernel 3.2.x ABSTRACT: The Linux kernel is prone to a remote denial-of-service vulnerability. reference LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA50081 Bugtraq ID: 54763 Vulnerability Report: Linux Kernel 3.2.x The Linux Kernel Archives Original Advisory CVE-2012-3412 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A vulnerability has been reported in Linux Kernel, which can be exploited by malicious people to cause a DoS (Denial of Service). The vulnerability is caused due to an error in the Solarflare network

170

Summary of sessions B and F: High intensity linacs and frontend & proton drivers  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the sessions B&F of the 33rd ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High Intensity & High Brightness Hadron Beams held in Bensheim, Germany. It covers high intensity linacs, front ends and proton driver topics.

Ferdinand, R.; /Saclay; Chou, W.; /Fermilab; Galambos, J.; /Oak Ridge

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

U-226: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 2, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability PLATFORM: Linux Kernel 3.2.x ABSTRACT: The Linux...

172

Figure 72. Vehicle miles traveled per licensed driver, 1970-2040 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 72. Vehicle miles traveled per licensed driver, 1970-2040 (thousand miles) History Reference case 1970.00 $8.69 1971.00 $9.01

173

Efficacy, national/international practices and motivational factors of lifelong driver education for the aging population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a society facing a significant increase in its aging population, older driver education/training is emerging as a potential solution to help seniors drive more safely, thus maintaining their mobility and quality of life. ...

Israels, Richard (Richard Steven)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Analysis of Tidal Straining as Driver for Estuarine Circulation in Well-Mixed Estuaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tidal straining, which can mathematically be described as the covariance between eddy viscosity and vertical shear of the along-channel velocity component, has been acknowledged as one of the major drivers for estuarine circulation in channelized ...

Hans Burchard; Henk M. Schuttelaars

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

DriverGuard: a fine-grained protection on I/O flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most commodity peripheral devices and their drivers are geared to achieve high performance with security functions being opted out. The absence of security measures invites attacks on the I/O data and consequently threats those applications feeding on ...

Yueqiang Cheng; Xuhua Ding; Robert H. Deng

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Emergency vehicle driver training by Texas municipal police departments: a descriptive study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of the increase in the number of monetary civil judgments arising out of police emergency driving situations, law enforcement agencies are taking a critical look at their emergency driver training programs. At the present time there is no state mandated emergency driver training program in Texas for police officers. To help promote a statewide emergency vehicle driver training program, this study was undertaken to provide answers to the Following questions: 1) Is competency-based emergency vehicle driver training being taught by Texas municipal police departments?; 2) Does the size of a department have an effect on what is taught within these driver training programs?; 3) Has having an emergency vehicle driver training program had an effect on the number of collisions during emergency driving situations?; and 4) What do police administrators consider to be the advantages and disadvantages of having an emergency vehicle driver training program? A review of the literature suggests that police departments nationwide that have no emergency vehicle driver training program or an inadequate program are at risk of becoming entangled in expensive and time consuming litigation. To accomplish the objectives of the study, 123 Texas municipal police departments with 26 or more sworn police officers were mailed questionnaires that were to be completed and returned to the researcher. The questionnaire requested information on the current emergency driver training program of each agency. Results indicated that there was little done to train municipal police officers in emergency driving. The larger the police department, the more likely the department was to have a driver training program, but these programs seldom encompassed a complete competency-based, task related curriculum. The reasons given for the inadequate training by the majority of police departments centered around monetary constraints. It can be concluded that, without proper attention being given to improving emergency driver training for municipal police officers, municipalities face increasing civil litigation. It is recommended that the state mandate adequate training programs, provide regional training facilities, and require statistical analysis of all traffic collisions involving emergency vehicles.

Westmoreland, Robert Lawrence

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing Ren´e David, Christophe Raffalli) properties of random -terms. Our main results show that asymptotically, almost all terms are strongly normalizing and that any fixed closed term almost never appears in a random term. Surprisingly, in combinatory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

178

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing Ren´e David, Christophe Raffalli) properties of random -terms. Our main results are that asymptotically all the terms are strongly normalizing and that any fixed closed term almost never appears in a random term. Surprisingly, in combinatory logic (the

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

179

Strong Analytic Controllability for Hydrogen Control Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The realization and representation of so(4,2) associated with the hydrogen atom Hamiltonian are derived. By choosing operators from the realization of so(4,2) as interacting Hamiltonians, a hydrogen atom control system is constructed, and it is proved that this control system is strongly analytically controllable based on a time-dependent strong analytic controllability theorem.

Chunhua Lan; Tzyh-Jong Tarn; Quo-Shin Chi; John W. Clark

2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

180

NSLS II: Strongly Correlated Electron Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strongly Correlated Electron Systems Strongly Correlated Electron Systems Understanding the electronic behavior of strongly correlated electron systems is one of the most important problems in condensed matter physics - one that is driving a revolution in the study of solids that behave like Fermi liquids. These solids have electronic degrees of freedom that produce exotic properties. For example, in materials with poor screening properties, such as the doped transition metal oxides, the interaction energy between valence electrons can overwhelm their kinetic energy, causing a strongly coupled many-body ground state. As a result of this strong electron correlation, these materials display a range of useful behaviors, including high-temperature superconductivity, colossal magnetoresistance, and an extreme sensitivity to external perturbations. An example is shown in the figure.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Interaction between economic dynamical systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper considers economic dynamical systems, the state spaces being the Riemannian manifolds. Between two economic dynamical systems, global feedforward and the feedback interaction is defined and the connection between their linearization and prolongation ... Keywords: economic dynamical system, economic flow, feedback, feedforward, linearization, prolongation by derivation

Constantin Patrascoiu

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Power Economic Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CRSP Management Center CRSP Management Center Western Area Power Administration January 2011 Power Economic Analysis of Operational Restrictions at Glen Canyon Dam In February, 1997, the operating criteria for Glen Canyon Dam were changed. Operation was restricted to a Modified Low Fluctuating Flow as described in the Operation of Glen Canyon Dam, Colorado River Storage Project, Arizona, Final Environmental Impact Statement, March, 1995. These restrictions reduced the operating flexibility of the hydroelectric power plant and therefore the economic value of the electricity it produced. The Environmental Impact Statement provided impact information to support the Record of Decision governing dam operations. The impact

183

Pulsed power drivers for ICF and high energy density physics  

SciTech Connect

Nanosecond Pulsed Power Science and Technology has its origins in the 1960s and over the past decade has matured into a flexible and robust discipline capable of addressing key physics issues of importance to ICF and high Energy Density Physics. The major leverage provided by pulsed power is its ability to generate and deliver high energy and high power at low cost and high efficiency. A low-cost, high-efficiency driver is important because of the very large capital investment required for multi-megajoule ignition-class systems. High efficiency is of additional importance for a commercially viable inertial fusion energy option. Nanosecond pulsed power has been aggressively and successfully developed at Sandia over the past twenty years. This effort has led to the development of unique multi-purpose facilities supported by highly capable diagnostic, calculational and analytic capabilities. The Sandia Particle-beam Fusion Program has evolved as part of an integrated national ICF Program. It applies the low-cost, high-efficiency leverage provided by nanosecond pulsed power systems to the longer-term goals of the national program, i.e., the Laboratory Microfusion Facility and Inertial Fusion Energy. A separate effort has led to the application of nanosecond pulsed power to the generation of intense, high-energy laboratory x-ray sources for application to x-ray laser and radiation effects science research. Saturn is the most powerful of these sources to date. It generates {approximately}500 kilojoules of x-rays from a magnetically driven implosion (Z-pinch). This paper describes results of x-ray physics experiments performed on Saturn, plans for a new Z-pinch drive capability for PBFA-II, and a design concept for the proposed {approximately}15 MJ Jupiter facility. The opportunities for ICF-relevant research using these facilities will also be discussed.

Ramirez, J.J.; Matzen, M.K.; McDaniel, D.H.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

184

Economics of ALMR deployment  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor (ALMR) has the potential to extend the economic life of the nuclear option and of reducing the number of high level waste repositories which will eventually be needed in an expanding nuclear economy. This paper reports on an analysis which models and evaluates the economics of the use of ALMRs as a component of this country`s future electricity generation mix. The ALMR concept has the ability to utilize as fuel the fissile material contained in previously irradiated nuclear fuel (i.e., spent fuel) or from surplus weapons grade material. While not a requirement for the successful deployment of ALMR power plant technology, the reprocessing of spent fuel from light water reactors (LWR) is necessary for any rapid introduction of ALMR power plants. In addition, the reprocessing of LWR spent fuel may reduce the number of high level waste repositories needed in the future by burning the long-lived actinides produced in the fission process. With this study, the relative economics of a number of potential scenarios related to these issues are evaluated. While not encompassing the full range of all possibilities, the cases reported here provide an indication of the potential costs, timings, and relative economic attractiveness of ALMR deployment.

Delene, J.G.; Fuller, L.C.; Hudson, C.R.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

Programming Languages in Economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Young economists sometimes ask which computer programming languages they should learn. This paper answers that question by suggesting that they begin with a high level language like GAUSS, GAMS, Mathematica, Maple or MATLAB depending on their field ... Keywords: computational economics, computer languages, programming languages, software

David A. Kendrick; Hans M. Amman

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Opportunity and Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-feet powered by green energy. This could include heating with wood pellet-fired boilers, putting solar panels of projects related to wood pellet emissions, operations, economics, and applications. The facility would research partnerships, and be an architectural prototype for natural materials, innovative wood products

Northern British Columbia, University of

187

Publications Agricultural Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. (2012). Economics of IPM Decisions. Stored Product Protection (1- 9). Manhattan, KS: Kansas State (1-11). Manhattan, KS: Kansas State. http://entomology.k-state.edu/doc/finished- chapters/s156-ch-27 of Food and Agriculture­ Conservation Effects Assessment Project. How to Build Better Agricultural

188

Strong coupling analysis of diquark condensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenon of diquark condensation at non-zero baryon density and zero temperature is analyzed in the strong coupling limit of lattice QCD. The results indicate that there is attraction in the quark-quark channel also at strong coupling, and that the attraction is more effective at high baryon density, but for infinite coupling it is not enough to produce diquark condensation. It is argued that the absence of diquark condensation is not a peculiarity of the strong coupling limit, but persists at sufficiently large finite couplings.

Vicente Azcoiti; Giuseppe Di Carlo; Angelo Galante; Victor Laliena

2004-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

189

EM Wins Award for Role as Strong Small Businesses Advocate | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wins Award for Role as Strong Small Businesses Advocate Wins Award for Role as Strong Small Businesses Advocate EM Wins Award for Role as Strong Small Businesses Advocate June 28, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis DOE Office of Economic Impact and Diversity Director Dot Harris, left, presents the Sub-to-Prime Small Business Champion of the Year Award to EM Small Business Advocate Kay Rash, center, and EM Deputy Assistant Secretary for Acquisition and Project Management Jack Surash during DOE’s Fiscal Year 2011 DOE Secretarial Small Business Awards Program Wednesday. DOE Office of Economic Impact and Diversity Director Dot Harris, left, presents the Sub-to-Prime Small Business Champion of the Year Award to EM Small Business Advocate Kay Rash, center, and EM Deputy Assistant Secretary for Acquisition and Project Management Jack Surash during DOE's Fiscal

190

The Strong Case for Thermal Energy Storage and Utility Incentives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the general increase in electricity rates, commercial and industrial customers have become strongly motivated to seek innovative methods of achieving reductions of their electric bills. At the same time, utilities have been faced with rising construction costs, more stringent regulations, and increasing environmental constraints regarding development of new generating facilities. As the thermal cooling storage technology has matured, more and more utilities are recognizing that widespread use of cool storage will provide an inexpensive alternative to new generating capacity. Every megawatt of load shift from peak to off-peak hours is equivalent to a megawatt of new generating capacity. This paper will review the state-of-the-art of cool storage technology, the economic benefits and utility programs designed to encourage the application of cool storage systems.

McCannon, L. W.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

David J. Gross and the Strong Force  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

David J. Gross and the Strong Force David J. Gross and the Strong Force Resources with Additional Information The 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to David Gross for "the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction". 'Gross, who obtained his PhD in physics in 1966, currently is a professor of physics and director of the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics at UC Santa Barbara. ... David Gross Courtesy of UC Santa Barbara [When on the faculty at Princeton University,] he and then-graduate student Frank Wilczek came up with a way to describe the "strong force" that governs interactions between protons and neutrons in the nucleus of the atom. He and Wilczek published their proposal simultaneously with H. David Politzer, a graduate student [at Harvard University] who independently came up with the same idea. ...

192

Frank Wilczek, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Frank Wilczek, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction Frank Wilczek, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction Resources with Additional Information H. David Politzer Photo Credit: Donna Coveney, MIT Frank Wilczek, a winner of the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction", has had multiple connections with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). These include his being the Leland J. Haworth Distinguished Scientist from 1994 - 1997. Wilczek shares the Nobel prize with David J. Gross and H. David Politzer. "Asymptotic freedom is a phenomenon whereby quarks behave as free particles when they are close together, but become more strongly attracted to each other as the distance between them increases. This theory forms the key to the interpretation of almost all experimental studies involving modern particle accelerators."

193

Quark matter conductivity in strong magnetic background  

SciTech Connect

Applying the ideas and methods of condensed matter physics we calculate the quantum conductivity of quark matter in magnetic field. In strong field quantum conductivity is proportional to the square root of the field.

Kerbikov, B. O., E-mail: borisk@itep.ru [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Electronic spectra of strongly modulated aperiodic structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the tight-binding Hamiltonian on strongly modulated aperiodic chains (e.g., quasiperiodic, self-similar, random). The site energies are distributed according to a given binary sequence ([ital V][sub [ital n

Barache, D. (Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Paris 7, Denis Diderot, 2 place Jussieu, 75251 Paris Cedex 05 (France)); Luck, J.M. (Service de Physique Theorique, Centre d'Etudes de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France))

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Strong Turbulence in the Wave Crest Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution vertical velocity profiles in the surface layer of a lake reveal the turbulence structure beneath strongly forced waves. Dissipation rates of turbulence kinetic energy are estimated based on centered second-order structure ...

Johannes Gemmrich

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Probes of strong-field gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I investigate several ways to probe gravity in the strong-field regime. These investigations focus on observables from the gravitational dynamics, i.e. when time derivatives are large: thus I focus on sources ...

Stein, Leo Chaim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Power transfer through strongly coupled resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using self-resonant coils in a strongly coupled regime, we experimentally demonstrate efficient non-radiative power transfer over distances of up to eight times the radius of the coils. We use this system to transfer 60W ...

Kurs, André

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Strong ties in a small world  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the celebrated ‘Strength of weak ties ’ theory of Granovetter (1973). We examine two hypotheses implied by the theory: one, for any three players with two links present, the probability of a third link being present is increasing in the strength of the two ties, and two, the removal of a weak tie breaks more shortest paths than the removal of a strong tie. This paper tests these hypotheses using data on coauthorship among economists. Our data supports the hypothesis of transitivity of strong ties, but it rejects the hypothesis that weak ties are more crucial than strong ties. We then propose an explanation for the strength of strong ties which builds on two properties of the network: one, significant inequality in the distribution of connections across individuals and, two, stronger ties among highly connected individuals.

Willemien Kets; Marcel Fafchamps; Alan Kirman; Michael Kosfeld; Richard Paap; Werner Raub

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Nuclear physics from strong coupling QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strong coupling limit (beta_gauge = 0) of QCD offers a number of remarkable research possibilities, of course at the price of large lattice artifacts. Here, we determine the complete phase diagram as a function of temperature T and baryon chemical potential mu_B, for one flavor of staggered fermions in the chiral limit, with emphasis on the determination of a tricritical point and on the T ~ 0 transition to nuclear matter. The latter is known to happen for mu_B substantially below the baryon mass, indicating strong nuclear interactions in QCD at infinite gauge coupling. This leads us to studying the properties of nuclear matter from first principles. We determine the nucleon-nucleon potential in the strong coupling limit, as well as masses m_A of nuclei as a function of their atomic number A. Finally, we clarify the origin of nuclear interactions at strong coupling, which turns out to be a steric effect.

Michael Fromm; Philippe de Forcrand

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

200

Climatology of Strong Intermountain Cold Fronts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the intensity and severity of winds and temperature falls that frequently accompany rapidly developing cold fronts in northern Utah, this paper presents a 25-yr climatology of strong cold frontal passages over the Intermountain West ...

Jason C. Shafer; W. James Steenburgh

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Large Synoptic Survey Telescope: From Science Drivers to Reference Design  

SciTech Connect

In the history of astronomy, major advances in our understanding of the Universe have come from dramatic improvements in our ability to accurately measure astronomical quantities. Aided by rapid progress in information technology, current sky surveys are changing the way we view and study the Universe. Next-generation surveys will maintain this revolutionary progress. We focus here on the most ambitious survey currently planned in the visible band, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). LSST will have unique survey capability in the faint time domain. The LSST design is driven by four main science themes: constraining dark energy and dark matter, taking an inventory of the Solar System, exploring the transient optical sky, and mapping the Milky Way. It will be a large, wide-field ground-based system designed to obtain multiple images covering the sky that is visible from Cerro Pachon in Northern Chile. The current baseline design, with an 8.4 m (6.5 m effective) primary mirror, a 9.6 deg{sup 2} field of view, and a 3,200 Megapixel camera, will allow about 10,000 square degrees of sky to be covered using pairs of 15-second exposures in two photometric bands every three nights on average. The system is designed to yield high image quality, as well as superb astrometric and photometric accuracy. The survey area will include 30,000 deg{sup 2} with {delta} < +34.5{sup o}, and will be imaged multiple times in six bands, ugrizy, covering the wavelength range 320-1050 nm. About 90% of the observing time will be devoted to a deep-wide-fast survey mode which will observe a 20,000 deg{sup 2} region about 1000 times in the six bands during the anticipated 10 years of operation. These data will result in databases including 10 billion galaxies and a similar number of stars, and will serve the majority of science programs. The remaining 10% of the observing time will be allocated to special programs such as Very Deep and Very Fast time domain surveys. We describe how the LSST science drivers led to these choices of system parameters.

Ivezic, Z.; Axelrod, T.; Brandt, W.N.; Burke, D.L.; Claver, C.F.; Connolly, A.; Cook, K.H.; Gee, P.; Gilmore, D.K.; Jacoby, S.H.; Jones, R.L.; Kahn, S.M.; Kantor, J.P.; Krabbendam, V.; Lupton, R.H.; Monet, D.G.; Pinto, P.A.; Saha, A.; Schalk, T.L.; Schneider, D.P.; Strauss, Michael A.; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /LSST Corp. /Penn State U., Astron. Astrophys. /KIPAC, Menlo Park /NOAO, Tucson /LLNL, Livermore /UC, Davis /Princeton U., Astrophys. Sci. Dept. /Naval Observ., Flagstaff /Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ. /UC, Santa Cruz /Harvard U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Illinois U., Urbana

2011-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

202

BEAM DYNAMICS STUDIES OF A HIGH-REPETITION RATE \\\\ LINAC-DRIVER FOR A 4TH GENERATION LIGHT SOURCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRIVER FOR A 4TH GENERATION LIGHT SOURCE ? M. Venturini † ,of designing a 4th generation light source in the 0.27 ? 1.2

Ventturini, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Economic Impact & Diversity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ECONOMIC IMPACT AND DIVERSITY ECONOMIC IMPACT AND DIVERSITY FOURTH QUARTER STATUS (As of August 10, 2006) Executive Summary: ED is responsible for managing the department's on-going small business programs, Affirmative Action programs, Employee Concerns program, EEO programs, and the Department's Minority Education program. ED serves as the support office for department-wide efforts to broaden and/or diversify the Department's base as it relates to employment, contracting and financial assistance awards. Where we are today: ED finalized the reorganization/restructuring process which reduced the offices within ED from five to three. Along with this process, ED moved the Employee Concerns and Special Emphasis activities and personnel to the Office of Civil Rights and Diversity

204

Economics of geothermal energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A selected summary is presented of the resource, technical, and financial considerations which influence the economics of geothermal energy in the US. Estimates of resource base and levelized busbar cost of base load power for several types of geothermal resources are compared with similar estimates for more conventional energy resources. Current geothermal electric power plants planned, under construction, and on-line in the US are noted.

Morris, G.E.; Tester, J.W.; Graves, G.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

The Geant4 Visualisation System - a multi-driver graphics system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the beginning the Geant4 Visualisation System was designed to support several simultaneous graphics systems written to common abstract interfaces. Today it has matured into a powerful diagnostic and presentational tool. It comes with a library of models that may be added to the current scene and which include the representation of the Geant4 geometry hierarchy, simulated trajectories and user-written hits and digitisations. The workhorse is the OpenGL suite of drivers for X, Xm, Qt and Win32. There is an Open Inventor driver. Scenes can be exported in special graphics formats for offline viewing in the DAWN, VRML, HepRApp and gMocren browsers. PostScript can be generated through OpenGL, Open Inventor, DAWN and HepRApp. Geant4's own tracking algorithms are used by the Ray Tracer. Not all drivers support all features but all drivers bring added functionality of some sort. This paper describes the interfaces and details the individual drivers.

John Allison; Laurent Garnier; Akinori Kimura; Joseph Perl

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

206

Neutrino Propagation in a Strongly Magnetized Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general expressions at the one-loop level for the coefficients of the covariant structure of the neutrino self-energy in the presence of a constant magnetic field. The neutrino energy spectrum and index of refraction are obtained for neutral and charged media in the strong-field limit ($M_{W}\\gg \\sqrt{B}\\gg m_{e},T,\\mu ,| \\mathbf{p}| $) using the lowest Landau level approximation. The results found within the lowest Landau level approximation are numerically validated, summing in all Landau levels, for strong $B\\gg T^{2}$ and weakly-strong $B \\gtrsim T^{2}$ fields. The neutrino energy in leading order of the Fermi coupling constant is expressed as the sum of three terms: a kinetic-energy term, a term of interaction between the magnetic field and an induced neutrino magnetic moment, and a rest-energy term. The leading radiative correction to the kinetic-energy term depends linearly on the magnetic field strength and is independent of the chemical potential. The other two terms are only present in a charged medium. For strong and weakly-strong fields, it is found that the field-dependent correction to the neutrino energy in a neutral medium is much larger than the thermal one. Possible applications to cosmology and astrophysics are considered.

E. Elizalde; E. J. Ferrer; V. de la Incera

2004-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

207

Shock waves in strongly coupled plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shock waves are supersonic disturbances propagating in a fluid and giving rise to dissipation and drag. Weak shocks, i.e., those of small amplitude, can be well described within the hydrodynamic approximation. On the other hand, strong shocks are discontinuous within hydrodynamics and therefore probe the microscopics of the theory. In this paper we consider the case of the strongly coupled N=4 plasma whose microscopic description, applicable for scales smaller than the inverse temperature, is given in terms of gravity in an asymptotically $AdS_5$ space. In the gravity approximation, weak and strong shocks should be described by smooth metrics with no discontinuities. For weak shocks we find the dual metric in a derivative expansion and for strong shocks we use linearized gravity to find the exponential tail that determines the width of the shock. In particular we find that, when the velocity of the fluid relative to the shock approaches the speed of light $v\\to 1$ the penetration depth $\\ell$ scales as $\\ell\\sim (1-v^2)^{1/4}$. We compare the results with second order hydrodynamics and the Israel-Stewart approximation. Although they all agree in the hydrodynamic regime of weak shocks, we show that there is not even qualitative agreement for strong shocks. For the gravity side, the existence of shock waves implies that there are disturbances of constant shape propagating on the horizon of the dual black holes.

Sergei Khlebnikov; Martin Kruczenski; Georgios Michalogiorgakis

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

208

Shock waves in strongly coupled plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shock waves are supersonic disturbances propagating in a fluid and giving rise to dissipation and drag. Weak shocks, i.e., those of small amplitude, can be well described within the hydrodynamic approximation. On the other hand, strong shocks are discontinuous within hydrodynamics and therefore probe the microscopics of the theory. In this paper, we consider the case of the strongly coupled N=4 plasma whose microscopic description, applicable for scales smaller than the inverse temperature, is given in terms of gravity in an asymptotically AdS{sub 5} space. In the gravity approximation, weak and strong shocks should be described by smooth metrics with no discontinuities. For weak shocks, we find the dual metric in a derivative expansion, and for strong shocks we use linearized gravity to find the exponential tail that determines the width of the shock. In particular, we find that, when the velocity of the fluid relative to the shock approaches the speed of light v{yields}1 the penetration depth l scales as l{approx}(1-v{sup 2}){sup 1/4}. We compare the results with second-order hydrodynamics and the Israel-Stewart approximation. Although they all agree in the hydrodynamic regime of weak shocks, we show that there is not even qualitative agreement for strong shocks. For the gravity side, the existence of shock waves implies that there are disturbances of constant shape propagating on the horizon of the dual black holes.

Khlebnikov, Sergei; Kruczenski, Martin; Michalogiorgakis, Georgios [Department of Physics, Purdue University, 525 Northwestern Avenue, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Energy, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis GTMax: A New Deregulated Power Market Analysis Tool Opportunity Decision and Information Sciences Division Center for Energy, Environmental & Economic hourly energy transactions, costs, and revenues. GTMax has a user-friendly geographical information

Kemner, Ken

210

TRANSPORTATION POLICY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSPORTATION POLICY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: OUR CHOICE FOR THE FUTURE Proceedings from PROCEEDINGS North Dakota's Transportation Network: Our Choice for the Future Program Biographical Sketches PROCEEDINGS Transportation and Economic Development: Our Choice for the Future Program Biographical Sketches

Levinson, David M.

211

Refund for Economic Development (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Refund for Economic Development under the Tax Code for state tax refunds for economic development. Some Texas property owners may be eligible to receive refunds of state sales and use taxes and...

212

One: The California Economic Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK Christopher Thornberg,signs of having peaked. The outlook for 2006 is dominated by

Thornberg, Christopher

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Grid Parity for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this report, we analyze PV break-even costs for U.S. residential customers. We evaluate some key drivers of grid parity both regionally and over time. We also examine the impact of moving from flat to time-of-use (TOU) rates, and we evaluate individual components of the break-even cost, including effect of rate structure and various incentives. Finally, we examine how PV markets might evolve on a regional basis considering the sensitivity of the break-even cost to four major drivers: technical performance, financing parameters, electricity prices and rates, and policies. We find that electricity price rather than technical parameters are in general the key drivers of the break-even cost of PV. Additionally, this analysis provides insight about the potential viability of PV markets.

Ong, S.; Denholm, P.; Clark, N.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Economic doctrines and network policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disagreements over how to craft Internet policy have become more and more contentious and political. Beyond the technical and engineering aspects are economic questions, and the points of view of various stakeholders and participants on such network ... Keywords: Broadband, Copyright, Doctrines, Economic ideology, Neoclassical economics, Net neutrality, Privacy

Robert D. Atkinson

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Implications of Strong-Rate-Weakening Friction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

events evolve very heterogeneous prestress (self-organization is the key to the problem) #12;Road Map 2 by a wall running into you at 35 km/hr #12;Transmission line fault in Pacoima Canyon, S. Calif. 300 m strike killer! · Strong velocity weakening requires large grid and small time steps ... the problem loses its

Heaton, Thomas H.

216

Strongly correlated photons on a chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical non-linearities at the single-photon level are key ingredients for future photonic quantum technologies. Prime candidates for the realization of strong photon-photon interactions necessary for implementing quantum information processing tasks as well as for studying strongly correlated photons in an integrated photonic device setting are quantum dots embedded in photonic crystal nanocavities. Here, we report strong quantum correlations between photons on picosecond timescales. We observe (a) photon antibunching upon resonant excitation of the lowest-energy polariton state, proving that the first cavity photon blocks the subsequent injection events, and (b) photon bunching when the laser field is in two-photon resonance with the polariton eigenstates of the second Jaynes-Cummings manifold, demonstrating that two photons at this color are more likely to be injected into the cavity jointly, than they would otherwise. Together,these results demonstrate unprecedented strong single-photon non-linearities, paving the way for realizing a single-photon transistor or a quantum optical Josephson interferometer.

Andreas Reinhard; Thomas Volz; Martin Winger; Antonio Badolato; Kevin J. Hennessy; Evelyn L. Hu; Atac Imamoglu

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Optimal Stochastic Approximation Algorithms for Strongly Convex ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

optimal rate of convergence for solving strongly convex SCO problems in ... where X is a closed convex set in Euclidean space E, X(x) is a simple convex function with known ..... Note that the notation log has a base of 2 throughout this paper.

218

Water waves over strongly undulating bottom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two-dimensional free-surface potential flows of an ideal fluid over a strongly inhomogeneous bottom are investigated with the help of conformal mappings. Weakly-nonlinear and exact nonlinear equations of motion are derived by the variational method for arbitrary seabed shape parameterized by an analytical function. The band structure of linear waves over periodic bottoms is calculated.

Ruban, V P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Strong et al ALS FTD consensus criteria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strong et al ALS FTD consensus criteria 1 Version: 20070606 Frontotemporal syndromes in amyotrophic, UCSF, San Francisco, California, USA (5) Forbes Norris MDA/ALS Research Center, San Francisco Kingdom (8) Science Director & Vice President, The ALS Association, Palm Harbor, Florida, U.S.A. (9

Dickerson, Brad

220

Strong motion duration and earthquake magnitude relationships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Earthquake duration is the total time of ground shaking from the arrival of seismic waves until the return to ambient conditions. Much of this time is at relatively low shaking levels which have little effect on seismic structural response and on earthquake damage potential. As a result, a parameter termed ``strong motion duration`` has been defined by a number of investigators to be used for the purpose of evaluating seismic response and assessing the potential for structural damage due to earthquakes. This report presents methods for determining strong motion duration and a time history envelope function appropriate for various evaluation purposes, for earthquake magnitude and distance, and for site soil properties. There are numerous definitions of strong motion duration. For most of these definitions, empirical studies have been completed which relate duration to earthquake magnitude and distance and to site soil properties. Each of these definitions recognizes that only the portion of an earthquake record which has sufficiently high acceleration amplitude, energy content, or some other parameters significantly affects seismic response. Studies have been performed which indicate that the portion of an earthquake record in which the power (average rate of energy input) is maximum correlates most closely with potential damage to stiff nuclear power plant structures. Hence, this report will concentrate on energy based strong motion duration definitions.

Salmon, M.W.; Short, S.A. [EQE International, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States); Kennedy, R.P. [RPK Structural Mechanics Consulting, Yorba Linda, CA (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Model of Strongly Forced Wind Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of surface waves generated on deep water by strong winds is proposed. A two-layer approximation is adopted, in which a shallow turbulent layer overlies the lower, infinitely deep layer. The dynamics of the upper layer, which is directly ...

Alexey V. Fedorov; W. Kendall Melville

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

\Reuschertrolder driver projectwriteupDeb finalTableConten  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GM Project G.6 GM Project G.6 October 2000 xi ACRONYMS LIST AAA American Automobile Association AARP American Association of Retired Persons AD Alzheimer Disease ADA Americans with Disabilities Act ADL Activities of Daily Living AFDC Aid to Families with Dependent Children AHEAD Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old AISG American Insurance Services Group ALS Activity Limitation Status AMA American Medical Association AoA Administration on Aging BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics CODES Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DOE Department of Energy DOT Department of Transportation EIA Energy Information Administration EPESE Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly FARS Fatality Analysis Reporting System

223

Experimental comparison of the active well coincidence counter with the random driver  

SciTech Connect

A direct comparison has been made between the IAEA Active Well Coincidence Counter (AWCC) and the CMB-8 Random Driver. The comparison included an experimental evaluation of precision, counting rate, accuracy, penetrability, stability, and the effect of sample inhomogeneity. Samples used in the evaluation included highly enriched U/sub 3/O/sub 8/, U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ mixed withe qgraphite, highly enriched uranium metal discs, and depleted uranium metal. These materials are typical of the samples of interest to the IAEA inspectors. It was concluded that the two instruments had very similar performance characteristics with the Random Driver giving better penetrability and the AWCC giving better stability.

Menlove, H.O.; Ensslin, N.; Sampson, T.E.

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Retrofit Air Preheat Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retrofit air preheat systems are the most reliable and efficient means to effect significant energy conservation for large existing industrial furnaces. Units can be quickly installed without a lengthy shutdown, and the furnace efficiency can be increased to a range of 89% to 92%. The economic justification for the addition of this equipment is presented in new total investment curves and simple payout curves for a range of fuel cost. This will enable the owner to quickly determine the preliminary feasibility and conceptual requirements for his project before proceeding with more vigorous work.

Goolsbee, J. A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Estimation, Economic methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper I analyse the main strengths and weaknesses of agent-based computational models. I first describe how agent-based simulations can complement more traditional modelling techniques. Then, I rationalise the main theoretical critiques against the use of simulation, which point to the following problematic areas: (i) interpretation of the simulation dynamics, (ii) estimation of the simulation model, and (iii) generalisation of the results. I show that there exist solutions for all these issues. Along the way, I clarify some confounding differences in terminology between the computer science and the economic literature.

Matteo Richiardi; Laboratorio Riccardo; Revelli Centre; Employment Studies; I’m Indebted Francesco Devicienti; Roberto Leombruni; Bruno Contini For Their

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

High-temperature dynamic hohlraums on the pulsed power driver {ital Z}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the concept of the dynamic hohlraum an imploding Z pinch is optically thick to its own radiation. Radiation may be trapped inside the pinch to give a radiation temperature inside the pinch greater than that outside the pinch. The radiation is typically produced by colliding an outer Z-pinch liner onto an inner liner. The collision generates a strongly radiating shock, and the radiation is trapped by the outer liner. As the implosion continues after the collision, the radiation temperature may continue to increase due to ongoing PdV (pressure times change in volume) work done by the implosion. In principal, the radiation temperature may increase to the point at which the outer liner burns through, becomes optically thin, and no longer traps the radiation. One application of the dynamic hohlraum is to drive an ICF (inertial confinement fusion) pellet with the trapped radiation field. Members of the dynamic hohlraum team at Sandia National Labs have used the pulsed power driver {ital Z} (20 MA, 100 ns) to create a dynamic hohlraum with temperature linearly ramping from 100 to 180 eV over 5 ns. On this shot zp214 a nested tungsten wire array of 4 and 2 cm diam with masses of 2 and 1 mg imploded onto a 2.5 mg plastic annulus at 5 mm diam. The current return can on this shot was slotted. It is likely the radiation temperature may be increased to over 200 eV by stabilizing the pinch with a solid current return can. A current return can with nine slots imprints nine filaments onto the imploding pinch. This degrades the optical trapping and the quality of the liner collision. A 1.6 mm diam capsule situated inside this dynamic hohlraum of zp214 would see 15 kJ of radiation impinging on its surface before the pinch itself collapses to a 1.6 mm diam. Dynamic hohlraum shots including pellets were scheduled to take place on {ital Z} in September of 1998. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Nash, T.J.; Derzon, M.S.; Chandler, G.A.; Leeper, R.; Fehl, D.; Lash, J.; Ruiz, C.; Cooper, G.; Seaman, J.F.; McGurn, J.; Lazier, S.; Torres, J.; Jobe, D.; Gilliland, T.; Hurst, M.; Mock, R.; Ryan, P.; Nielsen, D.; Armijo, J.; McKenney, J.; Hawn, R.; Hebron, D. [Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); MacFarlane, J.J. [University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 (United States)] [University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 (United States); Petersen, D.; Bowers, R.; Matuska, W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Ryutov, D.D. [Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Abstract--There are two types of drivers in production machine systems: constant velocity (CV) motor and servo-motor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) motor and servo-motor. If a system contains two drivers or more, among which some are of the CV motor while the other are the servo-motor, the system has the so-called hybrid driver architecture is stable. A simulation is performed to show verify the proposed controller. The CV motor has the velocity

Zhang, WJ "Chris"

228

Assessing the socio-economic impact of 3D visualization in cultural heritage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite the multitude of impact measurement techniques available to heritage site managers there is a case for the bigger strategic picture to figure more strongly in impact measurement decision making for ICT and 3D applications in the heritage sector. ... Keywords: 3D visualisation, economics, socio-economic impact

Jaime Kaminski; Jim McLoughlin; Babak Sodagar

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Neutrino Propagation in a Strongly Magnetized Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general expressions at the one-loop level for the coefficients of the covariant structure of the neutrino self-energy in the presence of a constant magnetic field. The neutrino energy spectrum and index of refraction are obtained for neutral and charged media in the strong-field limit ($M_{W}\\gg \\sqrt{B}\\gg m_{e},T,\\mu ,| \\mathbf{p}| $) using the lowest Landau level approximation. The results found within the lowest Landau level approximation are numerically validated, summing in all Landau levels, for strong $B\\gg T^{2}$ and weakly-strong $B \\gtrsim T^{2}$ fields. The neutrino energy in leading order of the Fermi coupling constant is expressed as the sum of three terms: a kinetic-energy term, a magnetic-field neutrino-induced-magnetic-moment interaction term, and a rest-energy term. The leading radiative correction to the kinetic-energy term depends linearly on the magnetic field strength and is independent of the chemical potential. The other two terms are only present in a charged medium. For str...

Elizalde, E; De la Incera, V

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

The structural role of weak and strong links in a financial market network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of correlation based networks originating from economic complex systems, such as the network of stocks traded at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). The weaker links (low correlation) of the system are found to contribute to the overall connectivity of the network significantly more than the strong links (high correlation). We find that nodes connected through strong links form well defined communities. These communities are clustered together in more complex ways compared to the widely used classification according to the economic activity. We find that some companies, such as General Electric (GE), Coca Cola (KO), and others, can be involved in different communities. The communities are found to be quite stable over time. Similar results were obtained by investigating markets completely different in size and properties, such as the Athens Stock Exchange (ASE). The present method may be also useful for other networks generated through correlations.

Garas, Antonios; Havlin, Shlomo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Holifield!Radioactive!Ion!Beam!Facility! Cyclotron!Driver!White!Paper!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Holifield!Radioactive!Ion!Beam!Facility! Cyclotron!Driver!White!Paper! ! ! ! ! prepared and design work has progressed. One of the original purposes of the White Paper was a comparison-writing the document now, most of these references would not be relevant. #12;2 1.0 Introduction! ! This!white!paper

232

Inrush related problems caused by lamps with electronic drivers and their mitigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New types of appliances sometimes bring unexpected power quality problems. On several locations it was reported that energy-saving lamps cause random false tripping of circuit breakers. In all of these cases these lamps had electronic drivers. An investigation ... Keywords: energy-saving lamp, false tripping, inrush, mitigation, power quality

Vladimir ?uk; Joseph F. G. Cobben; Wil L. Kling

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Economics of Direct Hydrogen Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Battelle's Economic Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Systems project was initiated in 2003 to evaluate the technology and markets that are near-term and potentially could support the transition to fuel cells in automotive markets. The objective of Battelle?s project was to assist the DOE in developing fuel cell systems for pre-automotive applications by analyzing the technical, economic, and market drivers of direct hydrogen PEM fuel cell adoption. The project was executed over a 6-year period (2003 to 2010) and a variety of analyses were completed in that period. The analyses presented in the final report include: Commercialization scenarios for stationary generation through 2015 (2004); Stakeholder feedback on technology status and performance status of fuel cell systems (2004); Development of manufacturing costs of stationary PEM fuel cell systems for backup power markets (2004); Identification of near-term and mid-term markets for PEM fuel cells (2006); Development of the value proposition and market opportunity of PEM fuel cells in near-term markets by assessing the lifecycle cost of PEM fuel cells as compared to conventional alternatives used in the marketplace and modeling market penetration (2006); Development of the value proposition of PEM fuel cells in government markets (2007); Development of the value proposition and opportunity for large fuel cell system application at data centers and wastewater treatment plants (2008); Update of the manufacturing costs of PEM fuel cells for backup power applications (2009).

Mahadevan, Kathyayani

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

234

Advanced beam-dynamics simulation tools for the RIA driver linac,Part I: Low energy beam transport and radiofrequency quadrupole  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced Beam-Dynamics Simulation Tools for the RIA Driver Linac; Low Energy Beam Transport and Radiofrequency Quadrupole.

Wangler, Thomas P.; Crandall, Kenneth R.; Garnett, Robert W.; Gorelov, Dmitry; Ostroumov, Petr; Qiang, Ji; Ryne, Robert; York, Richard

2003-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

235

MTBE Production Economics  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE Production MTBE Production Economics Tancred C. M. Lidderdale Contents 1. Summary 2. MTBE Production Costs 3. Relationship between price of MTBE and Reformulated Gasoline 4. Influence of Natural Gas Prices on the Gasoline Market 5. Regression Results 6. Data Sources 7. End Notes 1. Summary Last year the price of MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) increased dramatically on two occasions (Figure 1) (see Data Sources at end of article.): 1. Between April and June 2000, the price (U.S. Gulf Coast waterborne market) of MTBE rose from $1.00 per gallon to over $1.60 per gallon. This represented an increase in the price premium for MTBE over the wholesale price of conventional gasoline from its normal (1995 though 2000 average) $0.26 per gallon to $0.60 per gallon. The MTBE

236

PNNL: Economic Development Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Events Calendar Events Calendar left arrow January 2014 right arrow Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Scheduled events for January 4, 2014 Calendar contains no events. Past Events 2013 September 20, 2013 - Startup Weekend Tri-Cities January 29, 2013 - PTAC Class: Developing Your Capability Statement January 24, 2013 - Economic Outlook Summit January 23, 2013 - Women in Business Conference January 10, 2013 - Venture Investment and Partnering Forum January 07, 2013 - New Routes for U.S.-Japan Collaboration / Ambassadorial Outreach Tour 2012 November 29, 2012 - Innovation Summit October 18, 2012 - Funding for Startups from the National Cancer Institute October 11, 2012 - Career Fair October 09, 2012 - Understanding Government Contracting Solicitations

237

AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report studies the economic impacts of energy policies and climate adaptation generally, and particularly as this relates to employment and innovation. In addition to disseminating original research findings, this study is intended to contribute to policy dialogue and public awareness about environment-economy linkages and sustainable growth. All opinions expressed here are those of the authors and should not be attributed to their affiliated institutions. For this project on Energy Efficiency, Innovation, and Job Creation in California, we express thanks to Next 10, who recognized the importance of this issue for California’s economy and provided essential intellectual impetus and financial support. Thanks are also due for outstanding research assistance by Elliott Deal,

David Roland-holst; Dave Graham-squire; Maryam Kabiri; Fredrich Kahrl; Mehmet Seflek; F. Noel Perry; Morrow Cater; Sarah Henry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Community Economic Development Business Program (Prince Edward...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Community Economic Development Business Program (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Community Economic Development Business Program (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Eligibility...

239

Accelerator transmutation of waste economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parametric systems model of the accelerator transmutation of (nuclear) waste (ATW) is used to examine key system trade-offs and design drivers on the basis of unit costs. This model is applied primarily to a fluid-fuel blanket concept for an ATW that generates net electric power from the fissioning of spent commercial reactor fuel. An important goal of this study is the development of essential parametric trade-offs to aid in any future conceptual engineering design of an ATW that would burn spent commercial fuel and generate net electric power. As such, costing procedures and methodologies used to estimate and compare advanced nuclear power generation systems are applied. The cost of electricity required by an electrical power-generating ATW fueled with spent commercial fuels is generally found to be above that projected for other advanced fission power plants. The accelerator and the chemical plant equipment cost accounts are quantitatively identified as main cost drivers, with the capital cost of radio-frequency power dominating the former. Significant reductions of this cost differential are possible by increased blanket neutron multiplication, increased plant capacity, or increased thermal-to-electric conversion efficiency. The benefits of reduced long-lived fission products and spent commercial fuel actinides provided by the ATW approach translate into a less tangible source of revenue to be provided by a charge that must be levied on the client fission power plants being serviced. The main goal of this study, however, is not a direct cost comparison but is instead a quantitative determination of cost-based sensitivity of key cost drivers and operational modes for an ATW concept that would address the growing spent commercial fuel problem; parametric results presented focus on this goal, and a specific ATW ``straw man`` is given to achieve this main objective.

Krakowski, R.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction is a technical paper that addresses the operating and economic advantages associated with the program to lower the steam operating pressure. Evaluation of a testing program will be discussed. The paper will address the following. 1. Factors that determine the feasibility of reducing the plant steam operating pressure. 2. The operating advantages and disadvantages associated with the decreased steam pressure. 3. The economics of steam pressure reduction. Appropriate visual aids will be utilized as part of the discussion.

Sylva, D. M.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The Economics of Green Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

returns to the investments in green buildings. Section Vproperty investments; the economic premium to green buildinggreen buildings relative to those of comparable high quality property investments,

Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Economical Desulfurization of Petroleum Coke  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Economical Desulfurization of Petroleum Coke ... " Desulfurization of Petroleum Coke Beyond 1600'C" by Christopher A. Paul of Great Lakes ...

243

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Europe. It is producing biodiesel from veg- etable oil, fromsuch as Jatropha, for biodiesel. Some industrial forestsfor the production of biodiesel. The econom- ics of algae as

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Economic Recovery Loan Program (Maine)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Economic Recovery Loan Program provides subordinate financing to help businesses remain viable and improve productivity. Eligibility criteria are based on ability to repay, and the loan is...

245

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

econom- ics of algae as a source of biofuel is dependent onThe future of algae as a source of biofuel will depend on

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Diversity, Institutions and Economic Outcomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GDP growth and social diversity, the economics literature onmush- roomed. 1 Why is social diversity inversely related toand Hideo Owan. 2004. ”Diversity and Pro- ductivity in

Santacreu Vasut, Estefania

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

National Reservation Economic Summit (RES)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Sponsored by the National Center for American Indian Economic Development, this annual event will feature 18 dynamic and informative workshops on a range of topics, including agriculture, energy,...

248

World Fossil Fuel Economics - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 1, 1971 ... World Fossil Fuel Economics ... in world energy demand, particularly in the U. S. and Europe; the consumption patterns and cost patterns of oil, ...

249

Fundamental Structure of Matter and Strong Interaction  

SciTech Connect

More than 99% of the visible matter in the universe are the protons and neutrons. Their internal structure is mostly governed by the strong interaction. Understanding their internal structure in terms of fundamental degrees-of-freedom is one of the most important subjects in modern physics. Worldwide efforts in the last few decades have lead to numerous surprises and discoveries, but major challenges still remain. An overview of the progress will be presented with a focus on the recent studies of the proton and neutron's electromagnetic and spin structure. Future perspectives will be discussed.

Jian-Ping Chen

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Fractional Effective Action at strong electromagnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1936, Weisskopf showed that for vanishing electric or magnetic fields the strong-field behavior of the one loop Euler-Heisenberg effective Lagrangian of quantum electro dynamics (QED) is logarithmic. Here we generalize this result for different limits of the Lorentz invariants \\(\\vec{E}^2-\\vec{B}^2\\) and \\(\\vec{B}\\cdot\\vec{E}\\). The logarithmic dependence can be interpreted as a lowest-order manifestation of an anomalous power behavior of the effective Lagrangian of QED, with critical exponents \\(\\delta=e^2/(12\\pi)\\) for spinor QED, and \\(\\delta_S=\\delta/4\\) for scalar QED.

Hagen Kleinert; Eckhard Strobel; She-Sheng Xue

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

251

Light clocks in strong gravitational fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the time measured by a light clock operating with photons rather than classical light requires a refinement of the standard clock postulate in general relativity. In the presence of a gravitational field, already the one-loop quantum corrections to classical Maxwell theory affect light propagation and the construction of observers' frames of reference. Carefully taking into account these kinematic effects, a concise geometric expression for the time shown by a light clock is obtained. This result has far-reaching implications for physics in strong gravitational fields.

Raffaele Punzi; Frederic P. Schuller; Mattias N. R. Wohlfarth

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

252

Light clocks in strong gravitational fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the time measured by a light clock operating with photons rather than classical light requires a refinement of the standard clock postulate in general relativity. In the presence of a gravitational field, already the one-loop quantum corrections to classical Maxwell theory affect light propagation and the construction of observers' frames of reference. Carefully taking into account these kinematic effects, a concise geometric expression for the time shown by a light clock is obtained. This result has far-reaching implications for physics in strong gravitational fields.

Punzi, Raffaele; Wohlfarth, Mattias N R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Nonlinear spin relaxation in strongly nonequilibrium magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general theory is developed for describing the nonlinear relaxation of spin systems from a strongly nonequilibrium initial state, when, in addition, the sample is coupled to a resonator. Such processes are characterized by nonlinear stochastic differential equations. This makes these strongly nonequilibrium processes principally different from the spin relaxation close to an equilibrium state, which is represented by linear differential equations. The consideration is based on a realistic microscopic Hamiltonian including the Zeeman terms, dipole interactions, exchange interactions, and a single-site anisotropy. The influence of cross correlations between several spin species is investigated. The critically important function of coupling between the spin system and a resonant electric circuit is emphasized. The role of all main relaxation rates is analyzed. The phenomenon of self-organization of transition coherence in spin motion, from the quantum chaotic stage of incoherent fluctuations, is thoroughly described. Local spin fluctuations are found to be the triggering cause for starting the spin relaxation from an incoherent nonequilibrium state. The basic regimes of collective coherent spin relaxation are studied.

V. I. Yukalov

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

254

Economical Condensing Turbines?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steam turbines have long been used at utilities and in industry to generate power. There are three basic types of steam turbines: condensing, letdown and extraction/condensing. • Letdown turbines reduce the pressure of the incoming steam to one or more pressures and generate power very efficiently, assuming that all the letdown steam has a use. Two caveats: Letdown turbines produce power based upon steam requirements and not based upon power requirements, and if all the steam letdown does not have a use, letdown turbines can become a very expensive way of producing electric power. • Condensing turbines have the ability to handle rapid swings in electrical load. Unfortunately, they can only condense a small percentage of the steam, usually less than 14%. Therefore only a small percent of the heat of condensation is available for their use. Also equipment must be used to condense the remaining steam below atmospheric pressure. • Extraction/condensing turbines both extract steam at a useful temperature and pressure and then condense the remainder of the steam. These units have the ability to load follow also. They are often used in concert with gas turbines to produce the balance of electrical power and to keep a electric self generator from drawing electrical power from the grid. The method for analyzing the cost of the condensing steam produced power is exactly the same in all cases. This paper will attempt to provide a frame work for preliminary economic analysis on electric power generation for condensing steam turbines.

Dean, J. E.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Magnetic fusion reactor economics  

SciTech Connect

An almost primordial trend in the conversion and use of energy is an increased complexity and cost of conversion systems designed to utilize cheaper and more-abundant fuels; this trend is exemplified by the progression fossil fission {yields} fusion. The present projections of the latter indicate that capital costs of the fusion ``burner`` far exceed any commensurate savings associated with the cheapest and most-abundant of fuels. These projections suggest competitive fusion power only if internal costs associate with the use of fossil or fission fuels emerge to make them either uneconomic, unacceptable, or both with respect to expensive fusion systems. This ``implementation-by-default`` plan for fusion is re-examined by identifying in general terms fusion power-plant embodiments that might compete favorably under conditions where internal costs (both economic and environmental) of fossil and/or fission are not as great as is needed to justify the contemporary vision for fusion power. Competitive fusion power in this context will require a significant broadening of an overly focused program to explore the physics and simbiotic technologies leading to more compact, simplified, and efficient plasma-confinement configurations that reside at the heart of an attractive fusion power plant.

Krakowski, R.A.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Competitive economics of nuclear power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some 12 components of a valid study of the competitive economics of a newly ordered nuclear power plant are identified and explicated. These are then used to adjust the original cost projections of four authoritative studies of nuclear and coal power economics.

Hellman, R.

1981-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

257

Energy, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Simulations Opportunity Decision and Information Sciences Division Center for EnergyEnergy, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis ENPEP-BALANCE: A Tool for Long-term Nuclear Power, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis A resurgence of interest in nuclear energy is taking place

Kemner, Ken

258

Strong quantitative benchmarking of quantum optical devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum communication devices, such as quantum repeaters, quantum memories, or quantum channels, are unavoidably exposed to imperfections. However, the presence of imperfections can be tolerated, as long as we can verify such devices retain their quantum advantages. Benchmarks based on witnessing entanglement have proven useful for verifying the true quantum nature of these devices. The next challenge is to characterize how strongly a device is within the quantum domain. We present a method, based on entanglement measures and rigorous state truncation, which allows us to characterize the degree of quantumness of optical devices. This method serves as a quantitative extension to a large class of previously-known quantum benchmarks, requiring no additional information beyond what is already used for the non-quantitative benchmarks.

Nathan Killoran; Norbert Lütkenhaus

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

259

Strong quantitative benchmarking of quantum optical devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum communication devices, such as quantum repeaters, quantum memories, or quantum channels, are unavoidably exposed to imperfections. However, the presence of imperfections can be tolerated, as long as we can verify that such devices retain their quantum advantages. Benchmarks based on witnessing entanglement have proven useful for verifying the true quantum nature of these devices. The next challenge is to characterize how strongly a device is within the quantum domain. We present a method, based on entanglement measures and rigorous state truncation, which allows us to characterize the degree of quantumness of optical devices. This method serves as a quantitative extension to a large class of previously known quantum benchmarks, requiring no additional information beyond what is already used for the nonquantitative benchmarks.

Killoran, N.; Luetkenhaus, N. [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

Strongly Coupled Striped Superconductor with Large Modulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analytically calculate properties of a strongly coupled striped superconductor, with the charge density wave sourced by a modulated chemical potential, in the large modulation wavenumber Q limit. In the absence of a homogeneous term in the chemical potential, we show that the critical temperature scales as a negative power of Q for scaling dimensions \\Delta 3/2, there is no phase transition above a certain critical value of Q. The condensate is found to scale as a positive power of Q such that the gap is proportional to Q. We discuss how these results change if a homogeneous term is added to the chemical potential. We compare our analytic results with numerical calculations whenever the latter are available and find good agreement.

Jimmy A. Hutasoit; Suman Ganguli; George Siopsis; Jason Therrien

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Weak and Strong k-connectivity games  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a positive integer $k$ we consider the $k$-vertex-connectivity game, played on the edge set of $K_n$, the complete graph on $n$ vertices. We first study the Maker-Breaker version of this game and prove that, for any integer $k \\geq 2$ and sufficiently large $n$, Maker has a strategy for winning this game within $\\lfloor k n/2 \\rfloor + 1$ moves, which is clearly best possible. This answers a question of Hefetz, Krivelevich, Stojakovi\\'c and Szab\\'o. We then consider the strong $k$-vertex-connectivity game. For every positive integer $k$ and sufficiently large $n$, we describe an explicit first player's winning strategy for this game.

Ferber, Asaf

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Strong solutions of semilinear matched microstructure models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this article is a matched microstructure model for Newtonian fluid flows in fractured porous media. This is a homogenized model which takes the form of two coupled parabolic differential equations with boundary conditions in a given (two-scale) domain in Euclidean space. The main objective is to establish the local well-posedness in the strong sense of the flow. Two main settings are investigated: semi-linear systems with linear boundary conditions and semi-linear systems with nonlinear boundary conditions. With the help of analytic semigoups we establish local well-posedness and investigate the long-time behaviour of the solutions in the first case: we establish global existence and show that solutions converge to zero at an exponential rate.

Escher, Joachim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Bound states in a strong magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

We expect a strong magnetic field to be produced in the perpendicular direction to the reaction plane, in a noncentral heavy-ion collision . The strength of the magnetic field is estimated to be eB{approx}m{sup 2}{sub {pi}}{approx} 0.02 GeV{sup 2} at the RHIC and eB{approx} 15m{sup 2}{sub {pi}}{approx} 0.3 GeV{sup 2} at the LHC. We investigate the effects of the magnetic field on B{sup 0} and D{sup 0} mesons, focusing on the changes of the energy levels and of the mass of the bound states.

Machado, C. S.; Navarra, F. S.; Noronha, J.; Oliveira, E. G. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo Rua do Matao, Travessa R, 187, 05508-090 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Ferreira Filho, L. G. [Departamento de Matematica e Computacao, Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Rodovia Presidente Dutra, km 298, Polo Industrial, CEP 27537-000, Resende, RJ (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

264

Atomic physics of strongly correlated systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the progress made in our continuing study of strongly correlated atomic systems within the last year. We have examined the shape of three-body systems in hyperspherical coordinates by studying the evolution of the density functions with the mass ratio of the particles in the system. We have calculated the ejected electron spectra from the autoionizing states formed in double capture processes in collisions of multiply charged ions with atoms. We have investigated the systematics and the propensity rules of radiative and Auger decay rates of high-lying doubly excited states. We have also studied ion-atom collisions for processes which pose great challenges to detailed theories, by looking into processes where the cross sections are small such as the excitation process in He{sup ++} + H collisions, or by looking into fine details such as the orientation parameters in excitation and charge transfer processes.

Lin, Chii-Dong.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Strongly anisotropic Dirac quasiparticles in irradiated graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study quasiparticle dynamics in graphene exposed to a linearly-polarized electromagnetic wave of very large intensity. Low-energy transport in such system can be described by an effective time-independent Hamiltonian, characterized by multiple Dirac points in the first Brillouin zone. Around each Dirac point the spectrum is anisotropic: the velocity along the polarization of the radiation significantly exceeds the velocity in the perpendicular direction. Moreover, in some of the points the transverse velocity oscillates as a function of the radiation intensity. We find that the conductance of a graphene p-n junction in the regime of strong irradiation depends on the polarization as $G(\\theta)\\propto|\\sin\\theta|^{3/2}$, where $\\theta$ is the angle between the polarization and the p-n interface, and oscillates as a function of the radiation intensity.

S. V. Syzranov; Ya. I. Rodionov; K. I. Kugel; F. Nori

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

266

Observables in Strongly Coupled Anisotropic Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review certain anisotropic gauge/gravity dualities, focusing more on a theory with space dependent axion term. Then we discuss and also present some new results for several observables: the static potential and force, the imaginary part of the static potential, the quark dipole in the plasma wind, the drag force and diffusion time, the jet quenching of heavy and light quarks, the energy loss of rotating quarks, the photon production and finally the violation of the holographic viscosity over entropy bound. The corresponding weakly coupled results are also discussed. Finally we investigate the bounds of the parameters of the current strongly coupled anisotropic theories attempting to match them with the observed quark-gluon plasma and report the problems appear.

Dimitrios Giataganas

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

267

Multimode strong-coupling quantum optomechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study theoretically the dynamics of multiple mechanical oscillators coupled to a single cavity field mode via linear or quadratic optomechanical interactions. We focus specifically on the strong coupling regime where the cavity decays much faster than the mechanical modes, and the optomechanical coupling is comparable to or larger than the mechanical frequency, so that both the optical and mechanical systems operate in the deep quantum regime. Using the examples of one and two mechanical oscillators we show that the system can classically exhibit bistability and bifurcations, and we explore how these manifest themselves in interference, entanglement, and correlation in the quantum theory, while revealing the impact of decoherence of the mechanical system due to cavity fluctuations and coherent driving.

H. Seok; L. F. Buchmann; E. M. Wright; P. Meystre

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

268

Economic Development | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Success Stories Success Stories Commercialization and Licensing Economic Development Industrial Partnerships Sponsored Research Partnerships Home | Connect with ORNL | For Industry | Partnerships | Success Stories | Economic Development Success Stories Economic Development 1-3 of 3 Results ORNL and Enterprise Center Help Revitalize Chattanooga September 02, 2011 - The Enterprise Center, through its technology-based economic development initiatives, is focused on economic transformation in Chattanooga, Hamilton County, and the Tennessee Valley Corridor region. Seven Companies Selected for ORNL Mentor Protégé Program November 28, 2012 - Seven companies have been selected to participate in the mentor protégé program sponsored by ORNL. The program is a DOE initiative designed to assist energy-related companies in an effort to

269

Strong curvature effects in Neumann wave problems  

SciTech Connect

Waveguide phenomena play a major role in basic sciences and engineering. The Helmholtz equation is the governing equation for the electric field in electromagnetic wave propagation and the acoustic pressure in the study of pressure dynamics. The Schroedinger equation simplifies to the Helmholtz equation for a quantum-mechanical particle confined by infinite barriers relevant in semiconductor physics. With this in mind and the interest to tailor waveguides towards a desired spectrum and modal pattern structure in classical structures and nanostructures, it becomes increasingly important to understand the influence of curvature effects in waveguides. In this work, we demonstrate analytically strong curvature effects for the eigenvalue spectrum of the Helmholtz equation with Neumann boundary conditions in cases where the waveguide cross section is a circular sector. It is found that the linear-in-curvature contribution originates from parity symmetry breaking of eigenstates in circular-sector tori and hence vanishes in a torus with a complete circular cross section. The same strong curvature effect is not present in waveguides subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions where curvature contributions contribute to second-order in the curvature only. We demonstrate this finding by considering wave propagation in a circular-sector torus corresponding to Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions, respectively. Results for relative eigenfrequency shifts and modes are determined and compared with three-dimensional finite element method results. Good agreement is found between the present analytical method using a combination of differential geometry with perturbation theory and finite element results for a large range of curvature ratios.

Willatzen, M.; Pors, A. [Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Alsion 2, DK-6400 Sonderborg (Denmark); Gravesen, J. [Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Matematiktorvet, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

A discrete BGK approximation for strongly degenerate parabolic problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A discrete BGK approximation for strongly degenerate parabolic problems with boundary conditions F strongly degenerate hyperbolic--parabolic equations with initial boundary condition. We prove a priori -- strongly degenerate parabolic equations -- singular perturbation problems -- BGK models 1 Introduction

271

Cellular Response to Diesel Exhaust Particles Strongly Depends...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cellular Response to Diesel Exhaust Particles Strongly Depends on the Exposure Method Title Cellular Response to Diesel Exhaust Particles Strongly Depends on the Exposure Method...

272

Experimental comparison of the active well coincidence counter with the random driver  

SciTech Connect

A direct comparison has been made between the IAEA Active Well Coincidence Counter (AWCC) and the LASL Random Driver at CMB-8. The comparison included an experimental evaluation of precision, counting rate, accuracy, penetrability, stability, and the effect of sample inhomogeneity. Samples used in the evaluation included highly enriched U/sub 3/O/sub 8/, U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ mixed with graphite, highly enriched uranium metal discs, and depleted uranium metal. These materials are typical of the samples of interest to the IAEA inspectors. It is concluded that the two instruments had very similar performance characteristics with the Random Driver giving better penetrability and the AWCC giving better stability.

Menlove, H.O.; Ensslin, N.; Sampson, T.E.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Session 4: "Short-Term Energy Prices - What Drivers Matter Most?"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4: "Short-Term Energy Prices - What Drivers Matter Most?" 4: "Short-Term Energy Prices - What Drivers Matter Most?" Speakers: Howard K. Gruenspecht, EIA David M. Arseneau, Federal Reserve Board Guy F. Caruso, Center for Strategic and International Studies Christopher Ellsworth, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Edward L. Morse, Credit Suisse Securities [Note: Recorders did not pick up introduction of panel (see biographies for details on the panelists) or introduction of session.] Howard: And this presentation could not be more timely, given current developments in oil and natural gas markets and the start of the traditional summer driving season. In discussions of rapidly rising oil prices leading to a peak of $147 per barrel in the summer of 2008, the factors that were traditionally the focus of EIA's

274

Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09 09 December 2009 Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities Paul Denholm, Robert M. Margolis, Sean Ong, and Billy Roberts National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-46909 December 2009 Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities Paul Denholm, Robert M. Margolis, Sean Ong, and Billy Roberts Prepared under Task No. PVD9.1210 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

275

OPERATION AND COMMISSIONING OF THE JEFFERSON LAB UV FEL USING AN SRF DRIVER ERL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the operation and commissioning of the Jefferson Lab UV FEL using a CW SRF ERL driver. Based on the same 135 MeV linear accelerator as the Jefferson Lab 10 kW IR Upgrade FEL, the UV driver ERL uses a bypass geometry to provide transverse phase space control, bunch length compression, and nonlinear aberration compensation necessitating a unique set of commissioning and operational procedures. Additionally, a novel technique to initiate lasing is described. To meet these constraints and accommodate a challenging installation schedule, we adopted a staged commissioning plan with alternating installation and operation periods. This report addresses these issues and presents operational results from on-going beam operations.

R. Legg; S. Benson; G. Biallas; K. Blackburn; J. Boyce; D. Bullard; J. Coleman; C. Dickover; D. Douglas; F. Ellingsworth; P. Evtushenko; F. Hannon; C. Hernandez-Garcia; C. Gould; J. Gubeli; D. Hardy; K. Jordan; M. Klopf; J. Kortze; M. Marchlik; W. Moore; G. Neil; T. Powers; D. Sexton; Michelle D. Shinn; C. Tennant; R. Walker; G. Wilson

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Design of Accumulator and Compressor Rings for the Project-X Based Proton Driver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Muon Collider (MC) and a Neutrino Factory (NF) - which may be considered as a step towards a MC - both require a high-power ({approx}4 MW) proton driver providing short (compressor ring can be nearly isochronous in order to limit the required RF voltage and reduce the dispersion contribution to the beam size. In the present report we consider ring lattice designs which achieve these goals.

Alexahin, Y.; Neuffer, D.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

AGS performance and upgrades; A possible proton driver for a muon collider  

SciTech Connect

After the successful completion of the AGS Booster and several upgrades of the AGS, a new intensity record of 6.3 x 10{sup 13} protons per pulse accelerated to 24GeV was achieved. Further intensity upgrades are being discussed that could increase the average delivered beam intensity by up to a factor of six. The total beam power then reaches almost 1 MW and the AGS can then be considered as a proton driver for a muon collider.

Roser, T.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

278

Regional Supply Outlook for Market Driver Coals: A New Set of Fundamentals?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal prices have peaked twice since 2000 and have yet to return to pre-2000 levels. In the wake of this volatility, this report examines how coal supply fundamentals are changing for key "market-driver" coals and how these changes impact future markets for coal. Many believe the power industry will be able to use a broader range of cheaper, more abundant coals once tighter environmental requirements force additional technology controls around the country. Contrary to this belief, this report provides evi...

2003-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

279

Managing the Drivers of Air Flow and Water Vapor Transport in Existing Single Family Homes (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

This document focuses on managing the driving forces which move air and moisture across the building envelope. While other previously published Measure Guidelines focus on elimination of air pathways, the ultimate goal of this Measure Guideline is to manage drivers which cause air flow and water vapor transport across the building envelope (and also within the home), control air infiltration, keep relative humidity (RH) within acceptable limits, avoid combustion safety problems, improve occupant comfort, and reduce house energy use.

Cummings, J.; Withers, C.; Martin, E.; Moyer, N.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Analytic Framework for Evaluation of State Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Policies with Reference to Stakeholder Drivers  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the framework that was developed to analyze energy efficiency and renewable energy policies on the state level based on how well they meet the stakeholder drivers.

Brown, E.; Mosey, G.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Strong liquid-crystalline polymeric compositions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Strong liquid-crystalline polymeric (LCP) compositions of matter. LCP backbones are combined with liquid crystalline (LC) side chains in a manner which maximizes molecular ordering through interdigitation of the side chains, thereby yielding materials which are predicted to have superior mechanical properties over existing LCPs. The theoretical design of LCPs having such characteristics includes consideration of the spacing distance between side chains along the backbone, the need for rigid sections in the backbone and in the side chains, the degree of polymerization, the length of the side chains, the regularity of the spacing of the side chains along the backbone, the interdigitation of side chains in sub-molecular strips, the packing of the side chains on one or two sides of the backbone to which they are attached, the symmetry of the side chains, the points of attachment of the side chains to the backbone, the flexibility and size of the chemical group connecting each side chain to the backbone, the effect of semiflexible sections in the backbone and the side chains, and the choice of types of dipolar and/or hydrogen bonding forces in the backbones and the side chains for easy alignment.

Dowell, Flonnie (Los Alamos, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Large orders in strong-field QED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the issue of large-order expansions in strong-field QED. Our approach is based on the one-loop effective action encoded in the associated photon polarisation tensor. We concentrate on the simple case of crossed fields aiming at possible applications of high-power lasers to measure vacuum birefringence. A simple next-to-leading order derivative expansion reveals that the indices of refraction increase with frequency. This signals normal dispersion in the small-frequency regime where the derivative expansion makes sense. To gain information beyond that regime we determine the factorial growth of the derivative expansion coefficients evaluating the first 80 orders by means of computer algebra. From this we can infer a nonperturbative imaginary part for the indices of refraction indicating absorption (pair production) as soon as energy and intensity become (super)critical. These results compare favourably with an analytic evaluation of the polarisation tensor asymptotics. Kramers-Kronig relations finally allow for a nonperturbative definition of the real parts as well and show that absorption goes hand in hand with anomalous dispersion for sufficiently large frequencies and fields.

Thomas Heinzl; Oliver Schroeder

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

283

DYNAMICS OF STRONGLY TWISTED RELATIVISTIC MAGNETOSPHERES  

SciTech Connect

Magnetar magnetospheres are believed to be strongly twisted due to shearing of the stellar crust by internal magnetic stresses. We present time-dependent axisymmetric simulations showing in detail the evolution of relativistic force-free magnetospheres subjected to slow twisting through large angles. When the twist amplitude is small, the magnetosphere moves quasi-statically through a sequence of equilibria of increasing free energy. At some twist amplitude the magnetosphere becomes tearing-mode unstable to forming a resistive current sheet, initiating large-scale magnetic reconnection in which a significant fraction of the magnetic free energy can be dissipated. This ''critical'' twist angle is insensitive to the resistive length scale. Rapid shearing temporarily stabilizes the magnetosphere beyond the critical angle, allowing the magnetosphere of a rapidly differentially rotating star to store and dissipate more free energy. In addition to these effects, shearing the surface of a rotating star increases the spindown torque applied to the star. If shearing is much slower than rotation, the resulting spikes in spindown rate can occur on timescales anywhere from the long twisting timescale to the stellar spin period or shorter, depending both on the stellar shear distribution and the existing distribution of magnetospheric twists. A model in which energy is stored in the magnetosphere and released by a magnetospheric instability therefore predicts large changes in the measured spindown rate before soft gamma repeater giant flares.

Parfrey, Kyle [Astronomy Department, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Beloborodov, Andrei M.; Hui, Lam, E-mail: parfrey@astro.princeton.edu [Physics Department and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 538 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

284

Survey of Laser Markets Relevant to Inertial Fusion Energy Drivers, information for National Research Council  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of a new technology for commercial application can be significantly accelerated by leveraging related technologies used in other markets. Synergies across multiple application domains attract research and development (R and D) talent - widening the innovation pipeline - and increases the market demand in common components and subsystems to provide performance improvements and cost reductions. For these reasons, driver development plans for inertial fusion energy (IFE) should consider the non-fusion technology base that can be lveraged for application to IFE. At this time, two laser driver technologies are being proposed for IFE: solid-state lasers (SSLs) and KrF gas (excimer) lasers. This document provides a brief survey of organizations actively engaged in these technologies. This is intended to facilitate comparison of the opportunities for leveraging the larger technical community for IFE laser driver development. They have included tables that summarize the commercial organizations selling solid-state and KrF lasers, and a brief summary of organizations actively engaged in R and D on these technologies.

Bayramian, A J; Deri, R J; Erlandson, A C

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

285

Modeling Altruistic and Aggressive Driver Behavior in a No-Notice Evacuation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the impact of altruistic and aggressive driver behavior on the effectiveness of an evacuation for a section of downtown Atlanta. The study area includes 37 signalized intersections, seven ramps, and 48 parking lots that vary by size, type (lot versus garage), peak volume, and number of ingress and egress points. A detailed microscopic model of the study area was created in VISSIM. Different scenarios examined the impacts of driver behavior on parking lot discharge rates and the loading rates from side streets on primary evacuation routes. A new methodology was created to accurately represent parking lot discharge rates. This study is also unique in that it assumes a "worst case scenario" that occurs with no advance notice during the morning peak period, when vehicles must transition from inbound to outbound routes. Simulation results indicate that while overall network clearance times are similar across scenarios, the distribution of delay on individual routes and across parking lots differ markedly. More equitable solutions (defined as the allocation of delay from parking lots and side streets to main evacuation routes) were observed with altruistic driver behavior.

Brandstetter, Tim [Kimley-Horn and Associates; Garrow, Dr. Laurie [Georgia Institute of Technology; Hunter, Dr. Michael [Georgia Institute of Technology; Southworth, Frank [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Grid parity--or break-even cost--for photovoltaic (PV) technology is defined as the point where the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. Break-even cost is expressed in $/W of an installed system. Achieving break-even cost is a function of many variables. Consequently, break-even costs vary by location and time for a country, such as the United States, with a diverse set of resources, electricity prices, and other variables. In this report, we analyze PV break-even costs for U.S. residential customers. We evaluate some key drivers of grid parity both regionally and over time. We also examine the impact of moving from flat to time-of-use (TOU) rates, and we evaluate individual components of the break-even cost, including effect of rate structure and various incentives. Finally, we examine how PV markets might evolve on a regional basis considering the sensitivity of the break-even cost to four major drivers: technical performance, financing parameters, electricity prices and rates, and policies. We find that local incentives rather than ?technical? parameters are in general the key drivers of the break-even cost of PV. Additionally, this analysis provides insight about the potential viability of PV markets.

Denholm, P.; Margolis, R. M.; Ong, S.; Roberts, B.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses a method of accounting for realistic levels of driver aggression to higher-level vehicle studies, including the impact of variation in real-world driving characteristics (acceleration and speed) on vehicle energy consumption and different powertrains (e.g., conventionally powered vehicles versus electrified drive vehicles [xEVs]). Aggression variation between drivers can increase fuel consumption by more than 50% or decrease it by more than 20% from average. The normalized fuel consumption deviation from average as a function of population percentile was found to be largely insensitive to powertrain. However, the traits of ideal driving behavior are a function of powertrain. In conventional vehicles, kinetic losses dominate rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses. In xEVs with regenerative braking, rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses dominate. The relation of fuel consumption predicted from real-world drive data to that predicted by the industry-standard HWFET, UDDS, LA92, and US06 drive cycles was not consistent across powertrains, and varied broadly from the mean, median, and mode of real-world driving. A drive cycle synthesized by NREL's DRIVE tool accurately and consistently reproduces average real-world for multiple powertrains within 1%, and can be used to calculate the fuel consumption effects of varying levels of driver aggression.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses a method of accounting for realistic levels of driver aggression to higher-level vehicle studies, including the impact of variation in real-world driving characteristics (acceleration and speed) on vehicle energy consumption and different powertrains (e.g., conventionally powered vehicles versus electrified drive vehicles [xEVs]). Aggression variation between drivers can increase fuel consumption by more than 50% or decrease it by more than 20% from average. The normalized fuel consumption deviation from average as a function of population percentile was found to be largely insensitive to powertrain. However, the traits of ideal driving behavior are a function of powertrain. In conventional vehicles, kinetic losses dominate rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses. In xEVs with regenerative braking, rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses dominate. The relation of fuel consumption predicted from real-world drive data to that predicted by the industry-standard HWFET, UDDS, LA92, and US06 drive cycles was not consistent across powertrains, and varied broadly from the mean, median, and mode of real-world driving. A drive cycle synthesized by NREL's DRIVE tool accurately and consistently reproduces average real-world for multiple powertrains within 1%, and can be used to calculate the fuel consumption effects of varying levels of driver aggression.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BY JESSICA CLEMENT Economic Sustainability Preserve our current industrial capacity Talk Xcel Corporation 9 Edwards Rich Colorado State Forest Service 10 Edwards Sally Xcel Energy 11 Ewy Don Focused

290

Renewing Economically Distressed American Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All communities do not fare equally well after recessions and other economic shocks. Some bounce back fairly quickly. Others suffer more and take longer to recover—sometimes decades longer. A sluggish return to growth is ...

Greenstone, Michael

291

Complexity Economics: A Different Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the gross profits References Aghion P, Howitt P (1992) A model of growth through creative destruction IV van Dijk TWP (1994) The limits of patent protection. Essays on the Economics of Intellectual

Tesfatsion, Leigh

292

Economic viability of biogas technology  

SciTech Connect

Biogas has emerged as a suitable technology for providing alternative and additional sources of energy, especially for rural areas of developing countries. Although the experience gained in China and India established its technological success, social scientists are still involved in the controversial issue of its economic viability. The available literature presents very contradictory situations, ranging between the two extreme poles of high economic viability and nonviability. Such contradictory conclusions are derived since economic benefits from the technology are influenced by a number of factors. A review of the literature reveals that various factors are either not considered, or that the economics have been worked out assuming a very ideal situation, while biogas plants are operating under very different conditions. Using the coal replacement method even as coal is seldom used by villages is only a single example of this approach. In most of the developing countries, rural populations depend mainly on non-commercial fuels like firewood, dungcakes, agricultural wastes and leaves for cooking and heating purposes. Under the present technological limitations, biogas can most commonly be used for cooking and lighting. For testing the economic viability of biogas systems, a number of authors have considered the benefits in terms of savings in traditional fuels. But considering the actual thermal efficiency of different non-commercial fuel items, as well as biogas, it has still be be decided at what point of the market prices of fuel items that the biogas system becomes economically viable and remains viable. The present paper thus reviews different approaches adopted and suggested for working out the economics or the cost-benefit ratio of the biogas technology at the first stage, and then spells out the factors influencing the economic benefits of the technology under various situations, with the help of empirical

Agrawal, S.C.; Agrawal, S.; Khare, O.P.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

14.731 Economic History, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A survey of world economic history, designed to introduce economics graduate students to the subject matter and methodology of economic history. Topics chosen to show a wide variety of historical experience and illuminate ...

Temin, Peter

294

Utility Integrated Resource Planning: An Emerging Driver of NewRenewable Generation in the Western United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the United States, markets for renewable generation--especially wind power--have grown substantially in recent years. This growth is typically attributed to technology improvements and resulting cost reductions, the availability of federal tax incentives, and aggressive state policy efforts. But another less widely recognized driver of new renewable generation is poised to play a major role in the coming years: utility integrated resource planning (IRP). Common in the late-1980s to mid-1990s, but relegated to lesser importance as many states took steps to restructure their electricity markets in the late-1990s, IRP has re-emerged in recent years as an important tool for utilities and regulators, particularly in regions such as the western United States, where retail competition has failed to take root. As practiced in the United States, IRP is a formal process by which utilities analyze the costs, benefits, and risks of all resources available to them--both supply- and demand-side--with the ultimate goal of identifying a portfolio of resources that meets their future needs at lowest cost and/or risk. Though the content of any specific utility IRP is unique, all are built on a common basic framework: (1) development of peak demand and load forecasts; (2) assessment of how these forecasts compare to existing and committed generation resources; (3) identification and characterization of various resource portfolios as candidates to fill a projected resource deficiency; (4) analysis of these different ''candidate'' resource portfolios under base-case and alternative future scenarios; and finally, (5) selection of a preferred portfolio, and creation of a near-term action plan to begin to move towards that portfolio. Renewable resources were once rarely considered seriously in utility IRP. In the western United States, however, the most recent resource plans call for a significant amount of new wind power capacity. These planned additions appear to be motivated by the improved economics of wind power, an emerging understanding that wind integration costs are manageable, and a growing acceptance of wind by electric utilities. Equally important, utility IRPs are increasingly recognizing the inherent risks in fossil-based generation portfolios--especially natural gas price risk and the financial risk of future carbon regulation--and the benefits of renewable energy in mitigating those risks. This article, which is based on a longer report from Berkeley Lab,i examines how twelve investor-owned utilities (IOUs) in the western United States--Avista, Idaho Power, NorthWestern Energy (NWE), Portland General Electric (PGE), Puget Sound Energy (PSE), PacifiCorp, Public Service Company of Colorado (PSCo), Nevada Power, Sierra Pacific, Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E), Southern California Edison (SCE), and San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E)--treat renewable energy in their most recent resource plans (as of July 2005). In aggregate, these twelve utilities supply approximately half of all electricity demand in the western United States. In reviewing these plans, our purpose is twofold: (1) to highlight the growing importance of utility IRP as a current and future driver of renewable generation in the United States, and (2) to suggest possible improvements to the methods used to evaluate renewable generation as a resource option. As such, we begin by summarizing the amount and types of new renewable generation planned as a result of these twelve IRPs. We then offer observations about the IRP process, and how it might be improved to more objectively evaluate renewable resources.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

295

Attribution of climate forcing to economic sectors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Attribution of climate forcing to economic sectors Title Attribution of climate forcing to economic sectors Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Unger,...

296

Economic and Environmental Optimization of Microgrids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economic and Environmental Optimization of Microgrids Title Economic and Environmental Optimization of Microgrids Publication Type Presentation Year of Publication 2013 Authors...

297

Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Us Department Contacts Media Contacts Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study Title Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study Publication Type...

298

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Title Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-1248E Year of Publication 2008 Authors...

299

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Title Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2008 Authors Phadke, Amol, Charles A....

300

The Economic Impact of Oil Spills  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oil spills not only affect environmentally but also economically. The economic impacts are directly or indirectly related to the environmental impacts ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Economic Impact & Diversity (WCF) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Impact & Diversity (WCF) Economic Impact & Diversity (WCF) The purpose of the workforce Plan is to provide focus and direction to Human Resources (HR) strategy. This will...

302

Economic Dispatch of Electric Generation Capacity | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Dispatch of Electric Generation Capacity Economic Dispatch of Electric Generation Capacity A report to congress and the states pursuant to sections 1234 and 1832 of the...

303

Resource & Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Growth Fund Inc. (Manitoba, Canada) Resource & Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Growth Fund Inc....

304

Revolving Economic Development and Initiative (South Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Revolving Economic Development and Initiative (REDI) provides low interest loans to start-up firms, businesses that are expanding or relocating and local economic development corporations. The...

305

OBSERVATION OF STRONG - STRONG AND OTHER BEAM - BEAM EFFECTS IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

RHIC is currently the only hadron collider in which strong-strong beam-beam effects can be seen. For the first time, coherent beam-beam modes were observed in a bunched beam hadron collider. Other beam-beam effects in RHIC were observed in operation and in dedicated experiments with gold ions, deuterons and protons. Observations include measurements of beam-beam induced tune shifts, lifetime and emittance growth measurements with and without beam-beam interaction, and background rates as a function of tunes. During ramps unequal radio frequencies in the two rings cause the crossing points to move longitudinally. Thus bunches experience beam-beam interactions only in intervals and the tunes are modulated. In this article we summarize the most important beam-beam observations made so far.

Fischer, W; Brennan, J M; Cameron, P; Connolly, R; Montag, C; Peggs, S; Pilat, F; Ptitsyn, V; Tepikian, S; Trbojevic, D

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

306

Analysis of the requirements for economic magnetic fusion  

SciTech Connect

A generic reactor model is used to examine the economic viability of electricity generation by magnetic fusion. The simple model uses components which are representative of those used in previous reactor studies of deuterium-tritium burning tokamaks, stellarators, bumpy tori, reverse field pinches and tandem mirrors. Conservative costing assumptions are made. The generic reactor is not a tokamak but rather it is intended to emphasize what is common to all magnetic fusion reactors. The reactor uses a superconducting toroidal coil set to produce the dominant magnetic field. To this extent it is a less good approximation to systems, such as the reversed field pinch in which the main field is produced by a plasma current. The main output of the study is the cost of electricity as a function of the weight and size of the fusion core - blanket, shield, structure and coils. The model shows that a 1200 MW/sub e/ power plant with a fusion core weight of about 10,000 tonnes should be competitive in the future with fission and fossil plants. Sensitivity studies of varying the assumptions show that this result is not sensitively dependent on any given assumption. Of particular importance is the result that this scale of fusion reactor may be realized with only moderate advances in physics and technology capabilities. For a fusion-fission hybrid with a high support ratio for fission reactors, the fusion island is not such a critical driver as for electricity production. 19 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Sheffield, J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Economic potential of inertial fusion  

SciTech Connect

Beyond the achievement of scientific feasibility, the key question for fusion energy is: does it have the economic potential to be significantly cheaper than fission and coal energy. If fusion has this high economic potential then there are compelling commercial and geopolitical incentives to accelerate the pace of the fusion program in the near term, and to install a global fusion energy system in the long term. Without this high economic potential, fusion's success depends on the failure of all alternatives, and there is no real incentive to accelerate the program. If my conjectures on the economic potential of inertial fusion are approximately correct, then inertial fusion energy's ultimate costs may be only half to two-thirds those of advanced fission and coal energy systems. Relative cost escalation is not assumed and could increase this advantage. Both magnetic and inertial approaches to fusion potentially have a two-fold economic advantage which derives from two fundamental properties: negligible fuel costs and high quality energy which makes possible more efficient generation of electricity. The wining approach to fusion may excel in three areas: electrical generating efficiency, minimum material costs, and adaptability to manufacture in automated factories. The winning approach must also rate highly in environmental potential, safety, availability factor, lifetime, small 0 and M costs, and no possibility of utility-disabling accidents.

Nuckolls, J.H.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Energy Efficiency Economics and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy efficiency and conservation are considered key means for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and achieving other energy policy goals, but associated market behavior and policy responses have engendered debates in the economic literature. We review economic concepts underlying consumer decisionmaking in energy efficiency and conservation and examine related empirical literature. In particular, we provide an economic perspective on the range of market barriers, market failures, and behavioral failures that have been cited in the energy efficiency context. We assess the extent to which these conditions provide a motivation for policy intervention in energy-using product markets, including an examination of the evidence on policy effectiveness and cost. While theory and empirical evidence suggest there is potential for welfare-enhancing energy efficiency policies, many open questions remain, particularly relating to the extent of some of the key market and behavioral failures.

Kenneth Gillingham; Richard G. Newell; Karen Palmer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Smart Grid as a Driver for Energy-Intensive Industries: A Data Center Case  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart Grid as a Driver for Energy-Intensive Industries: A Data Center Case Smart Grid as a Driver for Energy-Intensive Industries: A Data Center Case Study Title Smart Grid as a Driver for Energy-Intensive Industries: A Data Center Case Study Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-6104E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Ganti, Venkata, and Girish Ghatikar Conference Name Grid-Interop 2012 Date Published 12/2012 Conference Location Irving, TX Keywords data centers, market sectors, technologies Abstract The Smart Grid facilitates integration of supply- and demand-side services, allowing the end-use loads to be dynamic and respond to changes in electricity generation or meet localized grid needs. Expanding from previous work, this paper summarizes the results from field tests conducted to identify demand response opportunities in energy-intensive industrial facilities such as data centers. There is a significant opportunity for energy and peak-demand reduction in data centers as hardware and software technologies, sensing, and control methods can be closely integrated with the electric grid by means of demand response. The paper provides field test results by examining distributed and networked data center characteristics, end-use loads and control systems, and recommends opportunities and challenges for grid integration. The focus is on distributed data centers and how loads can be "migrated" geographically in response to changing grid supply (increase/decrease). In addition, it examines the enabling technologies and demand-response strategies of high performance computing data centers. The findings showed that the studied data centers provided average load shed of up to 10% with short response times and no operational impact. For commercial program participation, the load-shed strategies must be tightly integrated with data center automation tools to make them less resource-intensive.

310

Battery Electric Vehicles: Range Optimization and Diversification for the U.S. Drivers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Properly selecting the driving range is critical for accurately predicting the market acceptance and the resulting social benefits of BEVs. Analysis of transportation technology transition could be biased against battery electric vehicles (BEV) and mislead policy making, if BEVs are not represented with optimal ranges. This study proposes a coherent method to optimize the BEV driving range by minimizing the range-related cost, which is formulated as a function of range, battery cost, energy prices, charging frequency, access to backup vehicles, and the cost and refueling hassle of operating the backup vehicle. This method is implemented with a sample of 36,664 drivers, representing U.S. new car drivers, based on the 2009 National Household Travel Survey data. Key findings are: 1) Assuming the near term (2015) battery cost at $405/kWh, about 98% of the sampled drivers are predicted to prefer a range below 200 miles, and about 70% below 100 miles. The most popular 20-mile band of range is 57 to77 miles, unsurprisingly encompassing the Leaf s EPA-certified 73-mile range. With range limited to 4 or 7 discrete options, the majority are predicted to choose a range below 100 miles. 2) Found as a statistically robust rule of thumb, the BEV optimal range is approximately 0.6% of one s annual driving distance. 3) Reducing battery costs could motivate demand for larger range, but improving public charging may cause the opposite. 4) Using a single range to represent BEVs in analysis could significantly underestimate their competitiveness e.g. by $3226/vehicle if BEVs are represented with 73-mile range only or by $7404/BEV if with 150-mile range only. Range optimization and diversification into 4 or 7 range options reduce such analytical bias by 78% or 90%, respectively.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Low-jitter high-power thyristor array pulse driver and generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for generating low-jitter, high-voltage and high-current pulses for driving low impedance loads such as detonator fuses uses a MOSFET driver which, when triggered, discharges a high-voltage pre-charged capacitor into the primary of a toroidal current-multiplying transformer with multiple isolated secondary windings. The secondary outputs are suitable for driving an array of thyristors that discharge a precharged high-voltage capacitor and thus generating the required high-voltage and high-current pulse.

Hanks, Roy L. (Byron, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Shaping the output pulse of a linear-transformer-driver module.  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate that a wide variety of current-pulse shapes can be generated using a linear-transformer-driver (LTD) module that drives an internal water-insulated transmission line. The shapes are produced by varying the timing and initial charge voltage of each of the module's cavities. The LTD-driven accelerator architecture outlined in [Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10, 030401 (2007)] provides additional pulse-shaping flexibility by allowing the modules that drive the accelerator to be triggered at different times. The module output pulses would be combined and symmetrized by water-insulated radial-transmission-line impedance transformers [Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 11, 030401 (2008)].

Long, Finis W.; McKee, G. Randall; Stoltzfus, Brian Scott; Woodworth, Joseph Ray; McKenney, John Lee; Fowler, William E.; Mazarakis, Michael Gerrassimos; Porter, John L.; Stygar, William A.; Savage, Mark Edward; LeChien, Keith, R.; Van De Valde, David M. (EG& G, Albuquerque, NM)

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Synchrotron radiation in strongly coupled conformal field theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using gauge/gravity duality, we compute the energy density and angular distribution of the power radiated by a quark undergoing circular motion in strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. We compare the strong ...

Athanasiou, Christiana

314

Unusually Strong Vertical Motions in a Caribbean Hurricane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unusually strong updrafts and downdrafts in the eyewall of Hurricane Emily (1987) during its rapidly deepening phase are documented by both in situ aircraft measurements and a vertically pointing Doppler radar. Updrafts and downdrafts as strong ...

Robert A. Black; Howard B. Bluestein; Michael L. Black

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The Economics of Cogeneration Selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design and choice of a specific cogeneration system is a process of selecting and deciding from numerous alternatives, including the option not to cogenerate. The final system specification is in reality the result of an extensive tradeoff analysis. The reason for performing a thorough tradeoff analysis is to design a cogeneration system that will meet or surpass stated technical, operational and economic criteria. This paper outlines the steps necessary to select the preferred cogeneration system through the use of standard economic evaluation techniques.

Fisk, R. W.; Hall, E. W.; Sweeney, J. H.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Program Info Start Date 1990 State Virginia Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Loan Program Public Benefits Fund Provider Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority The Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (VACEDA) was created in 1988 to encourage economic development in the western section of the state. The Authority administers incentive and financing programs designed to encourage new job creation and economic diversification, specifically in the electronic information technology, energy, education, and emerging technology sectors. VCEDA provides financial support for fixed assets,

317

Gauge/gravity duality and jets in strongly coupled plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss jets in strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma and their dual gravitational description.

Chesler, Paul M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Gauge/gravity duality and jets in strongly coupled plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss jets in strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma and their dual gravitational description.

Paul M. Chesler

2009-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

319

Probe measurements of the ionization of air behind strong shocks  

SciTech Connect

Detailed measurements of the ionization of air behind strong shocks over a broad range of shocks velocities are reported. (AIP)

Gorelov, V.A.; Kil' dyushova, L.A.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Strong-field approximation for ionization of a diatomic molecule by a strong laser field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a theory of ionization of diatomic molecules by a strong laser field. A diatomic molecule is considered as a three-particle system, which consists of two heavy atomic (ionic) centers and an electron. After the separation of the center-of-mass coordinate, the dynamics of this system is reduced to the relative electronic and nuclear coordinates. The exact S-matrix element for ionization is presented in a form in which the laser-molecule interaction is emphasized. This form is useful for application of the molecular strong-field approximation (SFA). We introduced two forms of the molecular SFA, one with the field-free and the other with the field-dressed initial molecular bound state. We relate these two forms of our modified molecular SFA to the standard molecular SFAs, introduced previously using the length gauge and the velocity gauge. Numerical examples of the ionization rates of N{sub 2} and O{sub 2} molecules are shown and compared for all four versions of the molecular SFA and we suggest that our modified molecular SFA should be used instead of the standard molecular SFA.

Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A secure and efficient strong-password authentication protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Password authentication protocols are divided into two types. One employs the easy-to-remember password while the other requires the strong password. In 2001, Lin et al. proposed an optimal strong-password authentication protocol (OSPA) to resist the ... Keywords: denial-of-service attack, mutual authentication, password authentication, smart card, stolen-verifier attack, strong password

Ya-Fen Chang; Chin-Chen Chang

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Economics of natural gas upgrading  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas could be an important alternative energy source in meeting some of the market demand presently met by liquid products from crude oil. This study was initiated to analyze three energy markets to determine if greater use could be made of natural gas or natural gas derived products and if those products could be provided on an economically competitive basis. The three markets targeted for possible increases in gas use were motor fuels, power generation, and the chemical feedstocks market. The economics of processes to convert natural gas to transportation fuels, chemical products, and power were analyzed. The economic analysis was accomplished by drawing on a variety of detailed economic studies, updating them and bringing the results to a common basis. The processes analyzed included production of methanol, MTBE, higher alcohols, gasoline, CNG, and LNG for the transportation market. Production and use of methanol and ammonia in the chemical feedstock market and use of natural gas for power generation were also assessed. Use of both high and low quality gas as a process feed stream was evaluated. The analysis also explored the impact of various gas price growth rates and process facility locations, including remote gas areas. In assessing the transportation fuels market the analysis examined production and use of both conventional and new alternative motor fuels.

Hackworth, J.H.; Koch, R.W.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Variational Inequalities and Economic Equilibrium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variational inequality representations are set up for a general Walrasian model of consumption and production with trading in a market. The variational inequalities are of functional rather than geometric type and therefore are able to accommodate a ... Keywords: Walrasian economic equilibrium, complementarity problems, equilibrium computations, equilibrium constraints, functional variational inequalities

Alejandro Jofré; R. Terry Rockafellar; Roger J-B. Wets

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

THE ECONOMICS OF NUCLEAR POWER  

SciTech Connect

Economic aspects of nuclear power development in the U. S. are tabulated and graphed. Included are figures on presently operating reactors as well as those contemplated or scheduled. Also a brief description of the objectives of short- and long-range programs is given as well as tables listing some of the characteristics of each reactor. (J.R.D.)

Lane, J.A.

1959-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

325

ECONOMIC POLICY The State's Tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the solar furnace here on Earth, and to extract energy from plant waste; they are ex- ploring ways to store efficient that they can also power vehicles. As the former chief economist of the World Bank, Nicho- las economic growth. They also offer the only chance to slow down the global rise in temperatures associated

326

Online social networks in economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes how economists study social networks. While economists borrow from other fields like sociology or computer science, their approach of modeling of social networks is distinguished by the emphasis on the role of choices under constraints. ... Keywords: Economics, Information transmission, Social networks

Adalbert Mayer

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Design of Accumulator and Compressor Rings for the Project-X Based Proton Driver  

SciTech Connect

A Muon Collider (MC) and a Neutrino Factory (NF) - which may be considered as a step towards a MC - both require a high-power ({approx}4 MW) proton driver providing short (<1 m r.m.s. length) bunches for muon production. However, the driver repetition rates required for these two machines are different: {approx}15 Hz for MC and {approx}60 Hz for NF. This difference suggests employing two separate rings: one for accumulation of the proton beam from the Project-X linac in a few (e.g. 4) long bunches, the other for bunch compression - one by one for NF or all at a time for MC with simultaneous delivery to the target. The lattice requirements for these two rings are different: the momentum compaction factor in the accumulator ring should be large (and possibly negative) to avoid the microwave instability, while the compressor ring can be nearly isochronous in order to limit the required RF voltage and reduce the dispersion contribution to the beam size. In the present report we consider ring lattice designs which achieve these goals.

Alexahin, Y.; Neuffer, D.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Breakeven Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities (Report Summary) (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

"Break-even cost" for photovoltaic (PV) technology is defined as the point where the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. Break-even cost is expressed in $/W of an installed system. Achieving break-even cost is a function of many variables. Consequently, break-even costs vary by location and time for a country, such as the United States, with a diverse set of resources, electricity prices, and other variables. In this presentation, we introduce an analysis of PV break-even costs for residential customers in the United States, including an evaluation of some of the key drivers of PV breakeven both regionally and over time. This presentation includes our methodology and presents results for both near-term residential breakeven costs(2009) and future market sensitivities of break-even costs (2015). See also the the report "Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities". Presentation for NREL/TP-6A2-45991.

Denholm, P.; Margolis, R. M.; Ong, S.; Roberts, B.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Data Compilation for AGR-3/4 Driver Particle Composite LEU03-09T  

SciTech Connect

This document is a compilation of characterization data for the AGR-3/4 driver fuel coated particle composite LEU03-09T, a composite of four batches of TRISO-coated, nominally 350 {micro}m diameter, 19.7% low enrichment uranium oxide/uranium carbide kernels (LEUCO). The AGR-3/4 driver fuel particles were fabricated using the AGR-1 baseline coating conditions and consist of a spherical kernel coated with an {approx}50% dense carbon buffer layer (100 {micro}m nominal thickness) followed by a dense inner pyrocarbon layer (40 {micro}m nominal thickness) followed by a SiC layer (35 {micro}m nominal thickness) followed by another dense outer pyrocarbon layer (40 {micro}m nominal thickness). the coated particles were produced by ORNL for the Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Development and Qualification (AGR) program to be put into compacts, along with designed-to-fail particles, for insertion in the AGR-3 and AGR-4 irradiation test capsules. The kernels were obtained from BWXT and identified as composite G73V-20-69303. The BWXT kernel lot G73V-20-69303 was riffled into sublots for characterization and coating by ORNL and identified as LEU03-?? (where ?? is a series of integers beginning with 01).

Hunn, John D [ORNL; Lowden, Richard Andrew [ORNL

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

PCA9633 4-bit Fm+ I2C-bus LED driver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red/Green/Blue/Amber (RGBA) color mixing applications. Each LED output has its own 8-bit resolution (256 steps) fixed frequency Individual PWM controller that operates at 97 kHz with a duty cycle that is adjustable from 0 % to 99.6 % to allow the LED to be set to a specific brightness value. A fifth 8-bit resolution (256 steps) Group PWM controller has both a fixed frequency of 190 Hz and an adjustable frequency between 24 Hz to once every 10.73 seconds with a duty cycle that is adjustable from 0 % to 99.6 % that is used to either dim or blink all LEDs with the same value. Each LED output can be off, on (no PWM control), set at its Individual PWM controller value or at both Individual and Group PWM controller values. The LED output driver is programmed to be either open-drain with a 25 mA current sink capability at 5 V or totem pole with a 25 mA sink, 10 mA source capability at 5 V. The PCA9633 operates with a supply voltage range of 2.3 V to 5.5 V and the outputs are 5.5 V tolerant. LEDs can be directly connected to the LED output (up to 25 mA, 5.5 V) or controlled with external drivers and a minimum amount of discrete components for larger current or higher voltage LEDs.

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Techno-Economic Analysis of BEV Service Providers Offering Battery Swapping Services (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) could significantly reduce the nation's gasoline consumption and greenhouse gas emissions rates. However, both the upfront cost and the limited range of the vehicle are perceived to be deterrents to the widespread adoption of BEVs. A service provider approach to marketing BEVs, coupled with a battery swapping infrastructure deployment could address both issues and accelerate BEV adoption. This presentation examines customer selection, service usage statistics, service plan fees and driver economics. Our results show it is unlikely that a battery swapping service plan will be more cost-effective than ownership of a conventional vehicle. A battery swapping service plan may be a more cost-effective solution than a directly owned BEV for some single-vehicle, high-mileage consumers. However, other factors not considered in this analysis could decrease the viability of such a service.

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Techno-Economic Analysis of BEV Service Providers Offering Battery Swapping Services (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) could significantly reduce the nation's gasoline consumption and greenhouse gas emissions rates. However, both the upfront cost and the limited range of the vehicle are perceived to be deterrents to the widespread adoption of BEVs. A service provider approach to marketing BEVs, coupled with a battery swapping infrastructure deployment could address both issues and accelerate BEV adoption. This presentation examines customer selection, service usage statistics, service plan fees and driver economics. Our results show it is unlikely that a battery swapping service plan will be more cost-effective than ownership of a conventional vehicle. A battery swapping service plan may be a more cost-effective solution than a directly owned BEV for some single-vehicle, high-mileage consumers. However, other factors not considered in this analysis could decrease the viability of such a service.

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Techno-Economic Analysis of BEV Service Providers Offering Battery Swapping Services  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gas emissions, but high upfront costs, battery-limited vehicle range, and concern over high battery replacement costs may discourage potential buyers. A subscription model in which a service provider owns the battery and supplies access to battery swapping infrastructure could reduce upfront and replacement costs for batteries with a predictable monthly fee, while expanding BEV range. Assessing the costs and benefits of such a proposal are complicated by many factors, including customer drive patterns, the amount of required infrastructure, battery life, etc. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has applied its Battery Ownership Model to compare the economics and utility of BEV battery swapping service plan options to more traditional direct ownership options. Our evaluation process followed four steps: (1) identifying drive patterns best suited to battery swapping service plans, (2) modeling service usage statistics for the selected drive patterns, (3) calculating the cost-of-service plan options, and (4) evaluating the economics of individual drivers under realistically priced service plans. A service plan option can be more cost-effective than direct ownership for drivers who wish to operate a BEV as their primary vehicle where alternative options for travel beyond the single-charge range are expensive, and a full-coverage-yet-cost-effective regional infrastructure network can be deployed. However, when assumed cost of gasoline, tax structure, and absence of purchase incentives are factored in, our calculations show the service plan BEV is rarely more cost-effective than direct ownership of a conventional vehicle.

Neubauer, J. S.; Pesaran, A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Techno-Economic Analysis of BEV Service Providers Offering Battery Swapping Services: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gas emissions, but high upfront costs, battery-limited vehicle range, and concern over high battery replacement costs may discourage potential buyers. A subscription model in which a service provider owns the battery and supplies access to battery swapping infrastructure could reduce upfront and replacement costs for batteries with a predictable monthly fee, while expanding BEV range. Assessing the costs and benefits of such a proposal are complicated by many factors, including customer drive patterns, the amount of required infrastructure, battery life, etc. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has applied its Battery Ownership Model to compare the economics and utility of BEV battery swapping service plan options to more traditional direct ownership options. Our evaluation process followed four steps: (1) identifying drive patterns best suited to battery swapping service plans, (2) modeling service usage statistics for the selected drive patterns, (3) calculating the cost-of-service plan options, and (4) evaluating the economics of individual drivers under realistically priced service plans. A service plan option can be more cost-effective than direct ownership for drivers who wish to operate a BEV as their primary vehicle where alternative options for travel beyond the single-charge range are expensive, and a full-coverage-yet-cost-effective regional infrastructure network can be deployed. However, when assumed cost of gasoline, tax structure, and absence of purchase incentives are factored in, our calculations show the service plan BEV is rarely more cost-effective than direct ownership of a conventional vehicle.

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

336

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

337

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

338

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

339

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator February 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator February 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

340

Southern California Leading Economic IndicatorSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorSouthern California Leading Economic Indicator May 2010 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading Economic IndicatorSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorSouthern California Leading Economic Indicator May 2010 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

342

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2010 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2010 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

343

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

344

Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Enterprise Zone Industry Recruitment/Support Loan Program Public Benefits Fund Provider Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Corporation The Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority was created to encourage economic development in the Alleghany Highlands. The Authority provides financial support for the purchase of real estate, construction of

345

An assessement of global energy resource economic potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an assessment of global economic energy potentials for all major natural energy resources. This work is based on both an extensive literature review and calculations using natural resource assessment data. Economic potentials are presented in the form of cost-supply curves, in terms of energy flows for renewable energy sources, or fixed amounts for fossil and nuclear resources, with strong emphasis on uncertainty, using a consistent methodology that allow direct comparisons to be made. In order to interpolate through available resource assessment data and associated uncertainty, a theoretical framework and a computational methodology are given based on statistical properties of different types of resources, justified empirically by the data, and used throughout. This work aims to provide a global database for natural energy resources ready to integrate into models of energy systems, enabling to introduce at the same time uncertainty over natural resource assessments. The supplementary mate...

Mercure, J F

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Economic analysis of fuel recycle  

SciTech Connect

Economic analysis was performed at KAERI with the assistance of US DOE to compare single reactor fuel cycle costs for a once-through option and a thermal recycle option to operate 1 GWe of a PWR plant for its lifetime. A reference fuel cycle cost was first calculated for each option with best estimated reference input data. Then a sensitivity analysis was performed changing each single value of such fuel cycle component costs as yellow cake price, enrichment charges, spent fuel storage cost, reprocessing cost, spent fuel disposal cost and reprocessing waste disposal cost. Savings due to thermal recycle in requirements of uranium, conversion, and enrichment were examined using formulas suggested by US DOE, while MOX fabrication penalty was accounted for. As a result of the reference fuel cycle cost analysis, it is calculated that the thermal recycle option is marginally more economical than the once-through option. The major factors affecting the comparative costs between thermal recycle and once-through are the costs of reprocessing, spent fuel storage and the difference between spent fuel disposal and reprocessing waste disposal. However, considering the uncertainty in these cost parameters there seems no immediate economic incentive for thermal recycle at the present time.

Juhn, P.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

ULCOS scenarios and economic modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling activities and scenario building are at the heart of the economic analysis delivered by the ULCOS program. Two main objectives were followed in the framework of SP9. First the modeling team had to provide a set of coherent energy economic scenarios using POLES model. Second, the economic conditions for the emergence of the ULCOS technologies were analyzed. ULCOS contributes to the elaboration of contrasted scenarios that the steel industry could face in the long term. To aim at these objectives specific tools have been used: POLES model for the global energy system modeling and ISIM model for the steel sector based prospective ([1] Hidalgo, 2003). The most promising steel production technologies identified in ULCOS Phase 1 have been introduced into ISIM as generic technologies. ISIM was then integrated as a module into POLES modeling system. The main model outputs are the energy prices and mixes and the steel sector balances with a focus on the technology mix. Actually the climate policy scenarios developped in project allow making recommendations to the steel industry in terms of sustainable development but also in terms of business strategy.

Elie Bellevrat

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Weak nuclear forces cause the strong nuclear force  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the strength of the weak nuclear force which holds the lattices of the elementary particles together. We also determine the strength of the strong nuclear force which emanates from the sides of the nuclear lattices. The strong force is the sum of the unsaturated weak forces at the surface of the nuclear lattices. The strong force is then about ten to the power of 6 times stronger than the weak force between two lattice points.

E. L. Koschmieder

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

349

Strongly Polynomial Primal-Dual Algorithms for Concave Cost ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 13, 2012 ... This technique yields a strongly polynomial primal-dual algorithm for a concave cost problem whenever such an algorithm exists for the ...

350

Strong Branching Inequalities for Convex Mixed Integer Nonlinear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 3, 2011 ... ods for using inequalities generated as an immediate byproduct of the strong branching process. Section 3 ...... safety no rotation CH. 18327.

351

Thermodynamics, Hydrodynamics and Critical Phenomena in Strongly Coupled Gauge Theories.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The gauge theory / string theory correspondence has led to great progress in the study of strongly-coupled gauge theories. In this work, we start with… (more)

Pagnutti, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Certificateless Encryption Schemes Strongly Secure in the Standard ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

encryption (CLE) schemes that are provably secure against strong adver- ... of a number of alternative security models for CLE that are substantially weaker.

353

Essays in public finance and labor economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines three questions of causality relevant to public finance and labor economics: the effect of racial segregation on city characteristics, the effect of divorce on women's economic outcomes, and the effect ...

Ananat, Elizabeth Oltmans

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Economic feasibility of bagasse charcoal in Haiti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The economics of implementing bagasse-based charcoal manufacturing in Haiti was investigated. From these main inputs, three different manufacturing economic scenarios were modeled using a simple, dynamic excel spreadsheet. ...

Kamimoto, Lynn K. (Lynn Kam Oi)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Energy, Environmental, and Economic Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy, Environmental, and Economic Systems Analysis Electricity Market Complex Adaptive System (EMCAS): A New Long-term Power Market Simulation Tool Opportunity Decision and Information Sciences Division Center for Energy, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis Energy systems are being privatized

Kemner, Ken

356

2013 Midyear Economic Forecast Sponsorship Opportunity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2013 Midyear Economic Forecast Sponsorship Opportunity Thursday, April 18, 2013, ­ Hyatt Regency Irvine 11:30 a.m. ­ 1:30 p.m. Dr. Anil Puri presents his annual Midyear Economic Forecast addressing

de Lijser, Peter

357

Essays on conflict, cooperation and economic development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics relating to conflict, social cooperation and development economics. Several studies have identified the impact of adverse economic shocks on civil conflict using ...

Ralston, Laura R. (Laura Rosalind)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Putting Economic Power In Distributed Power t  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Putting Economic Power in Distributed Power. A distributed electricity generation system, often called distributed power, usually consists of ...

359

NREL: Energy Analysis - Jobs and Economic Competitiveness  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the global renewable energy market. NREL's economic competitiveness analysis efforts focus on assessing: jobs creation, workforce development needs, manufacturing...

360

Uniform irradiation of adjustable target spots in high-power laser driver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For smoothing and shaping the on-target laser patterns flexibly in high-power laser drivers, a scheme has been developed that includes a zoom lens array and two-dimensional smoothing by spectral dispersion (SSD). The size of the target pattern can be controlled handily by adjusting the focal length of the zoom lens array, while the profile of the pattern can be shaped by fine tuning the distance between the target and the focal plane of the principal focusing lens. High-frequency stripes inside the pattern caused by beamlet interference are wiped off by spectral dispersion. Detailed simulations indicate that SSD works somewhat differently for spots of different sizes. For small spots, SSD mainly smooths the intensity modulation of low-to-middle spatial frequency, while for large spots, SSD sweeps the fine speckle structure to reduce nonuniformity of middle-to-high frequency. Spatial spectra of the target patterns are given and their uniformity is evaluated.

Jiang Xiujuan; Li Jinghui; Li Huagang; Li Yang; Lin Zunqi

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Rotating fiber array molecular driver and molecular momentum transfer device constructed therewith  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotating fiber array molecular driver is disclosed which includes a magnetically suspended and rotated central hub to which is attached a plurality of elongated fibers extending radially therefrom. The hub is rotated so as to straighten and axially extend the fibers and to provide the fibers with a tip speed which exceeds the average molecular velocity of fluid molecules entering between the fibers. Molecules colliding with the sides of the rotating fibers are accelerated to the tip speed of the fiber and given a momentum having a directional orientation within a relatively narrow distribution angle at a point radially outward of the hub, which is centered and peaks at the normal to the fiber sides in the direction of fiber rotation. The rotating fiber array may be used with other like fiber arrays or with other stationary structures to form molecular momentum transfer devices such as vacuum pumps, molecular separators, molecular coaters, or molecular reactors.

Milleron, Norman (1854 San Juan, Berkeley, CA 94707)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities and Injuries: An Analysis of the Relationship of Roadway, Driver, Vehicle Characteristics in Oregon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities and Injuries: An Analysis of the Relationship of Roadway, Driver, Vehicle Characteristics in Oregon Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities and Injuries: An Analysis,000 population among Oregon counties from 2000-2005 ranged from 6.64-211.17. In the event of a severe motor

Bertini, Robert L.

363

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-1248E Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Principal Authors Amol Phadke1 , Charles;Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis ii LBNL-1248E Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis and Analysis of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. #12;#12;Advanced Coal

364

Distributed Intelligence for Constructing Economic Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an integrated and distributed intelligent system being capable of automatically estimating and updating large-size economic models. The input-output model of economics uses a matrix representation of a nation's or a region's economy ... Keywords: Distributed Intelligence, Economic Models, Environmental Impact Assessment, Input-Output Tables, Machine Learning, Matrix Estimation, Parallel Optimization

Ting Yu

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Economics, cognitive science and social cognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I discuss the role of economics in the study of social cognition. A currently popular view is that microeconomics should collapse into psychology partly because cognitive science has shown that valuation is constitutively social, whereas non-psychological ... Keywords: Aggregation, Atomism, Behavioral economics, Economic theory, Sociality

Don Ross

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Cogeneration Economics for Process Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the incentives for cogeneration, describing pertinent legislation and qualification requirements for cogeneration benefits, and indicates the performance and economic characteristics of combined cycle cogeneration applications. The Fuel Use Act (FUA) restricts the use of un-renewable or premium fuels (e.g., natural gas and oil) for high-load-factor or base-load power generation. The Public Utility Regulatory Policy Act (PURPA) encourages high-efficiency cogeneration by providing exemptions to the restrictions and requiring that utilities purchase cogenerated power at rates corresponding to the costs they "avoid" by not generating this power.

Ahner, D. J.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Economic Impact of Recovery Act Investments in the Smart Grid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economic Impact of Recovery Act Investments in the Smart Grid Report (April 2013) Economic Impact of Recovery Act Investments in the Smart Grid Report (April 2013) The Economic...

368

Economics of Current and Future Biofuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents detailed comparative analysis on the production economics of both current and future biofuels, including ethanol, biodiesel, and butanol. Our objectives include demonstrating the impact of key parameters on the overall process economics (e.g., plant capacity, raw material pricing, and yield) and comparing how next-generation technologies and fuels will differ from today's technologies. The commercialized processes and corresponding economics presented here include corn-based ethanol, sugarcane-based ethanol, and soy-based biodiesel. While actual full-scale economic data are available for these processes, they have also been modeled using detailed process simulation. For future biofuel technologies, detailed techno-economic data exist for cellulosic ethanol from both biochemical and thermochemical conversion. In addition, similar techno-economic models have been created for n-butanol production based on publicly available literature data. Key technical and economic challenges facing all of these biofuels are discussed.

Tao, L.; Aden, A.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The Particle Adventure | What holds it together? | Strong  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Standard Model > What holds it together? > Strong The Standard Model > What holds it together? > Strong Strong To understand what is happening inside the nucleus, we need to understand more about the quarks that make up the protons and neutrons in the nucleus. Quarks have electromagnetic charge, and they also have an altogether different kind of charge called color charge. The force between color-charged particles is very strong, so this force is "creatively" called The strong force holds quarks together to form hadrons, so its carrier particles are whimsically called gluons because they so tightly "glue" quarks together. (Other name candidates included the "hold-on," the "duct-tape-it-on," and the "tie-it-on!") Color charge behaves differently than electromagnetic charge. Gluons, themselves, have color charge, which is weird and not at all like photons which do not have electromagnetic charge. And while quarks have color charge, composite particles made out of quarks have no net color charge (they are color neutral). For this reason, the strong force only takes place on the really small level of quark interactions, which is why you are not aware of the strong force in your everyday life

370

Economic analysis of nuclear reactors  

SciTech Connect

The report presents several methods for estimating the power costs of nuclear reactors. When based on a consistent set of economic assumptions, total power costs may be useful in comparing reactor alternatives. The principal items contributing to the total power costs of a nuclear power plant are: (1) capital costs, (2) fuel cycle costs, (3) operation and maintenance costs, and (4) income taxes and fixed charges. There is a large variation in capital costs and fuel expenses among different reactor types. For example, the standard once-through LWR has relatively low capital costs; however, the fuel costs may be very high if U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ is expensive. In contrast, the FBR has relatively high capital costs but low fuel expenses. Thus, the distribution of expenses varies significantly between these two reactors. In order to compare power costs, expenses and revenues associated with each reactor may be spread over the lifetime of the plant. A single annual cost, often called a levelized cost, may be obtained by the methods described. Levelized power costs may then be used as a basis for economic comparisons. The paper discusses each of the power cost components. An exact expression for total levelized power costs is derived. Approximate techniques of estimating power costs will be presented.

Owen, P.S.; Parker, M.B.; Omberg, R.P.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Strong monotonicity in mixed-state entanglement manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A strong entanglement monotone, which never increases under local operations and classical communications (LOCC), restricts quantum entanglement manipulation more strongly than the usual monotone since the usual one does not increase on average under LOCC. We propose new strong monotones in mixed-state entanglement manipulation under LOCC. These are related to the decomposability and 1-positivity of an operator constructed from a quantum state, and reveal geometrical characteristics of entangled states. These are lower bounded by the negativity or generalized robustness of entanglement.

Satoshi Ishizaka

2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

372

Ion-driver fast ignition: Reducing heavy-ion fusion driver energy and cost, simplifying chamber design, target fab, tritium fueling and power conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ion fast ignition, like laser fast ignition, can potentially reduce driver energy for high target gain by an order of magnitude, while reducing fuel capsule implosion velocity, convergence ratio, and required precisions in target fabrication and illumination symmetry, all of which should further improve and simplify IFE power plants. From fast-ignition target requirements, we determine requirements for ion beam acceleration, pulse-compression, and final focus for advanced accelerators that must be developed for much shorter pulses and higher voltage gradients than today's accelerators, to deliver the petawatt peak powers and small focal spots ({approx}100 {micro}m) required. Although such peak powers and small focal spots are available today with lasers, development of such advanced accelerators is motivated by the greater likely efficiency of deep ion penetration and deposition into pre-compressed 1000x liquid density DT cores. Ion ignitor beam parameters for acceleration, pulse compression, and final focus are estimated for two examples based on a Dielectric Wall Accelerator; (1) a small target with {rho}r {approx} 2 g/cm{sup 2} for a small demo/pilot plant producing {approx}40 MJ of fusion yield per target, and (2) a large target with {rho}r {approx} 10 g/cm{sup 2} producing {approx}1 GJ yield for multi-unit electricity/hydrogen plants, allowing internal T-breeding with low T/D ratios, >75 % of the total fusion yield captured for plasma direct conversion, and simple liquid-protected chambers with gravity clearing. Key enabling development needs for ion fast ignition are found to be (1) ''Close-coupled'' target designs for single-ended illumination of both compressor and ignitor beams; (2) Development of high gradient (>25 MV/m) linacs with high charge-state (q {approx} 26) ion sources for short ({approx}5 ns) accelerator output pulses; (3) Small mm-scale laser-driven plasma lens of {approx}10 MG fields to provide steep focusing angles close-in to the target (built-in as part of each target); (4) beam space charge-neutralization during both drift compression and final focus to target. Except for (1) and (2), these critical issues may be explored on existing heavy-ion storage ring accelerator facilities.

Logan, G.; Callahan-Miller, D.; Perkins, J.; Caporaso, G.; Tabak, M.; Moir, R.; Meier, W.; Bangerter, Roger; Lee, Ed

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Economic growth continues to drive China's growing need for energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... which has grown at an average real rate of about 10 percent per year over the last 10 years, is a key driver of the increase in energy consumption, ...

374

An Iterative EnKF for Strongly Nonlinear Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study considers an iterative formulation of the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) for strongly nonlinear systems in the perfect-model framework. In the first part, a scheme is introduced that is similar to the ensemble randomized maximal ...

Pavel Sakov; Dean S. Oliver; Laurent Bertino

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Simulations of Trade Wind Cumuli under a Strong Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth intercomparison of the Global Water and Energy Experiment Cloud System Studies Working Group 1 is used as a vehicle for better understanding the dynamics of trade wind cumuli capped by a strong inversion. The basis of the ...

Bjorn Stevens; Andrew S. Ackerman; Bruce A. Albrecht; Andrew R. Brown; Andreas Chlond; Joan Cuxart; Peter G. Duynkerke; David C. Lewellen; Malcolm K. Macvean; Roel A. J. Neggers; Enrique Sánchez; A. Pier Siebesma; David E. Stevens

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Strong-field spatial interference in a tailored electromagnetic bath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light scattered by a regular structure of atoms can exhibit interference signatures, similar to the classical double-slit. These first-order interferences, however, vanish for strong light intensities, restricting potential applications. Here, we show how to overcome these limitations to quantum interference in strong fields. First, we recover the first-order interference in strong fields via a tailored electromagnetic bath with a suitable frequency dependence. At strong driving, the optical properties for different spectral bands are distinct, thus extending the set of observables. We further show that for a two-photon detector as, e.g., in lithography, increasing the field intensity leads to twice the spatial resolution of the second-order interference pattern compared to the weak-field case.

M. Macovei; J. Evers; G. -x. Li; C. H. Keitel

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

377

Wind and solar power electric generation to see strong growth...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

by roughly 30 percent in each of the next two years. Even with such strong growth, the amount of solar energy will remain a very small part of the total U.S. electricity supply...

378

Risk of Strong Hurricane Winds to Florida Cities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical procedure for estimating the risk of strong winds from hurricanes is demonstrated and applied to several major cities in Florida. The procedure, called the hurricane risk calculator, provides an estimate of wind risk over different ...

Jill C. Malmstadt; James B. Elsner; Thomas H. Jagger

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A Stochastic Model for the Transition to Strong Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple stochastic model is designed and analyzed in order to further understand the transition to strong convection. The transition has been characterized recently in observational data by an array of statistical measures, including (i) a sharp ...

Samuel N. Stechmann; J. David Neelin

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Pairing and superfluidity in strongly interacting Fermi gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes experiments with superfluid spin mixtures of ultracold fermionic 6Li atoms. The properties of the strongly interacting gas are studied in the crossover regime between Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) ...

Schunck, Christian H. (Christian Heinrich)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A Diagnostic Comparison of Alaskan and Siberian Strong Anticyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong anticyclones have a significant impact on the cool season climate over mid- and high-latitude landmasses as they are typically accompanied by arctic air masses that can eventually move into populated midlatitude regions. Composite analyses ...

Justin E. Jones; Judah Cohen

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Relationships between Tidal Dynamics and Bathymetry in Strongly Convergent Estuaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Localized analytical solutions are derived for the propagation of a single (predominant) tidal constituent in estuaries with strongly convergent triangular cross sections. The advective term is neglected, and the friction term is linearized. The ...

D. Prandle

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Economic and policy implications of pandemic influenza.  

SciTech Connect

Pandemic influenza has become a serious global health concern; in response, governments around the world have allocated increasing funds to containment of public health threats from this disease. Pandemic influenza is also recognized to have serious economic implications, causing illness and absence that reduces worker productivity and economic output and, through mortality, robs nations of their most valuable assets - human resources. This paper reports two studies that investigate both the short- and long-term economic implications of a pandemic flu outbreak. Policy makers can use the growing number of economic impact estimates to decide how much to spend to combat the pandemic influenza outbreaks. Experts recognize that pandemic influenza has serious global economic implications. The illness causes absenteeism, reduced worker productivity, and therefore reduced economic output. This, combined with the associated mortality rate, robs nations of valuable human resources. Policy makers can use economic impact estimates to decide how much to spend to combat the pandemic influenza outbreaks. In this paper economists examine two studies which investigate both the short- and long-term economic implications of a pandemic influenza outbreak. Resulting policy implications are also discussed. The research uses the Regional Economic Modeling, Inc. (REMI) Policy Insight + Model. This model provides a dynamic, regional, North America Industrial Classification System (NAICS) industry-structured framework for forecasting. It is supported by a population dynamics model that is well-adapted to investigating macro-economic implications of pandemic influenza, including possible demand side effects. The studies reported in this paper exercise all of these capabilities.

Smith, Braeton J.; Starks, Shirley J.; Loose, Verne W.; Brown, Theresa Jean; Warren, Drake E.; Vargas, Vanessa N.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Colliding clouds of strongly interacting spin-polarized fermions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by a recent experiment at MIT, we consider the collision of two clouds of spin-polarized atomic Fermi gases close to a Feshbach resonance. We explain why two dilute gas clouds, with underlying attractive interactions between their constituents, bounce off each other in the strongly interacting regime. Our hydrodynamic analysis, in excellent agreement with experiment, gives strong evidence for a metastable many-body state with effective repulsive interactions.

Taylor, Edward; Zhang Shizhong; Schneider, William; Randeria, Mohit [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Mixtures of strongly interacting bosons in optical lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of strongly interacting heteronuclear boson-boson mixtures loaded in realistic optical lattices, with particular emphasis on the physics of interfaces. In particular, we numerically reproduce some surprising results of a recent experiment, providing a simple explanation. We then investigate the robustness against the inhomogeneity typical of realistic experimental realizations of the glassy {\\it quantum emulsions} recently predicted to occur in strongly interacting boson-boson mixtures on ideal homogeneous lattices.

Buonsante, P; Illuminati, F; Penna, V; Vezzani, A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Viscoelastic modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect

A generalized hydrodynamical model has been used to study the low frequency modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma. Such plasmas exhibit elastic properties due to the strong correlations among dust particles and the tensile stresses imparted by the magnetic field. It has been shown that longitudinal compressional Alfven modes and elasticity modified transverse shear mode exist in such a medium. The features of these collective modes are established and discussed.

Banerjee, Debabrata; Mylavarapu, Janaki Sita; Chakrabarti, Nikhil [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

The strong coupling from tau decays without prejudice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review our recent determination of the strong coupling \\alpha_s from the OPAL data for non-strange hadronic tau decays. We find that \\alpha_s(m^2_\\tau) =0.325+-0.018 using fixed-order perturbation theory, and \\alpha_s(m^2_\\tau)=0.347+-0.025 using contour-improved perturbation theory. At present, these values supersede any earlier determinations of the strong coupling from hadronic tau decays, including those from ALEPH data.

Boito, Diogo; Jamin, Matthias; Mahdavi, Andisheh; Maltman, Kim; Osborne, James; Peris, Santiago

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

A State Space Model of the Economic Fundamentals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asset Values and Economic Fundamentals, Economics Department28, Key words: ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS Dynamic programming, smodel o f the economic fundamentals. In t h e o r y t h e

Craine, Roger; Bowman, David

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Cogeneration Economics and Financial Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cogeneration has received much attention as a way to improve the efficiency of energy generation and conversion. This interest has been stimulated by higher energy costs for fuel and electricity as well as economic incentives granted by the federal government for industrial cogeneration. This paper discusses a variety of cogeneration systems applied at specific sites drawn from the major industrial sectors - food, textiles, pulp and paper, chemicals, and petroleum refining. Various technologies are considered. Capital and operating cost estimates are developed for the most promising systems to calculate cash flows and determine return on investment for a industrial ownership options of these facilities. Conclusions summarize the relation between technology, relative electric energy costs, and fuel costs.

Kusik, C. L.; Golden, W. J.; Fox, L. K.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

On the Utility of Antiprotons as Drivers for Inertial Confinement Fusion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

By contrast to the large mass, complexity and recirculating power of conventional drivers for inertial confinement fusion (ICF), antiproton annihilation offers a specific energy of 90MJ/{micro}g and thus a unique form of energy packaging and delivery. In principle, antiproton drivers could provide a profound reduction in system mass for advanced space propulsion by ICF. We examine the physics underlying the use of antiprotons ({bar p}) to drive various classes of high-yield ICF targets by the methods of volumetric ignition, hotspot ignition and fast ignition. The useable fraction of annihilation deposition energy is determined for both {bar p}-driven ablative compression and {bar p}-driven fast ignition, in association with 0-D and 1-D target burn models. Thereby, we deduce scaling laws for the number of injected antiprotons required per capsule, together with timing and focal spot requirements. The kinetic energy of the injected antiproton beam required to penetrate to the desired annihilation point is always small relative to the deposited annihilation energy. We show that heavy metal seeding of the fuel and/or ablator is required to optimize local deposition of annihilation energy and determine that a minimum of {approx}3x10{sup 15} injected antiprotons will be required to achieve high yield (several hundred megajoules) in any target configuration. Target gains - i.e., fusion yields divided by the available p - {bar p} annihilation energy from the injected antiprotons (1.88GeV/{bar p}) - range from {approx}3 for volumetric ignition targets to {approx}600 for fast ignition targets. Antiproton-driven ICF is a speculative concept, and the handling of antiprotons and their required injection precision - temporally and spatially - will present significant technical challenges. The storage and manipulation of low-energy antiprotons, particularly in the form of antihydrogen, is a science in its infancy and a large scale-up of antiproton production over present supply methods would be required to embark on a serious R&D program for this application.

Perkins, L J; Orth, C D; Tabak, M

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

391

Technological development and innovation : selected policy implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technological development is one of the main drivers in economic progress throughout the world and is strongly linked to the creation of new industries, jobs, and wealth. This thesis attempts to better understand how a ...

Benson, Christopher L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Economic Sector Data for Modeling the Impact of Less Ignition ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... U S. Department of Agriculture. Economic Researcti Service. National Economics Division Tobacco Outlook and Situation Report. Washington DC. ...

2012-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

393

Canada-Saskatchewan Western Economic Partnership Agreement (Saskatchew...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Canada-Saskatchewan Western Economic Partnership Agreement (Saskatchewan, Canada) Canada-Saskatchewan Western Economic Partnership Agreement (Saskatchewan, Canada) Eligibility...

394

Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GrantEconomic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBGEDIF) (Oklahoma) Community Development Block GrantEconomic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBGEDIF) (Oklahoma) <...

395

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator August 2009 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator August 2009 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph.D. Department of Economics, California State University Fullerton Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES

de Lijser, Peter

396

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator February 2008 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator February 2008 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph.D. Department of Economics, California State University Fullerton Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES

de Lijser, Peter

397

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator September 2006 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator September 2006 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph.D. Department of Economics, California State University Fullerton Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES

de Lijser, Peter

398

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator November 2009 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator November 2009 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph.D. Department of Economics, California State University Fullerton Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES

de Lijser, Peter

399

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator February 2010 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Leading Economic Indicator February 2010 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph.D. Department of Economics, California State University Fullerton Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES

de Lijser, Peter

400

Regional variation in solar energy economic performance  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos/UNM solar economic performance code (EASE-III) is used to indicate the extent of production function variations as applied to a Trombe wall solar design incorporated in a new home. The economic performance of the solar heated residence is compared to the alternative non-solar home heated by the characteristic conventional fuel of each region. These economic results are used to discuss the impact of subsidy programs.

Brunton, D.; Kirschner, C.; Ben-David, S.; Roach, F.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Solar economic analysis: an alternative approach  

SciTech Connect

Conventional economic analysis which utilizes the discounted present value criterion is examined from a critical perspective. It is found that this technique has a number of limiting characteristics which contribute to the lack of general usage of economic analysis for evaluating passive solar installations. Within this context an alternative approach is suggested for determining the economic desirability of such investments. This latter method, compound future worth analysis, is found to be both more understandable and flexible.

Thayer, M.A.; Brunton, D.; Noll, S.A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

On the Incidence and Kinematics of Strong Mg II Absorbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of two investigations into the nature of strong (rest equivalent width > 1.0 Ang) Mg II absorption systems at high redshift. The first line of questioning examines the complete SDSS- DR3 set of quasar spectra to determine the evolution of the incidence of strong Mg II absorption. The redshift evolution of the comoving line-of-sight number density, l(x), is characterized by a roughly constant value at z > 0.8, indicating that the product of the number density and gas cross-section of halos hosting strong Mg II is unevolving at these redshifts. At z gas cross-section to strong Mg II absorption and therefore a decline in the physical processes relevant to such absorption. This evolution roughly tracks the global evolution of the SFR density. The decrease of l(x) is more pronounced for larger equivalent width systems. We also present the results of a search for strong Mg II absorption in 91 high resolution quasar spectra, which allow us to investigate the kinematics of such systems. These systems are characterized by the presence of numerous components spread over a ~200 km/s velocity width and the presence of more highly ionized species, which display kinematic profiles similar to the corresponding Mg II absorption. We consider these results in light of two competing theories to explain strong Mg II absorption: post-starburst, SN-driven galactic winds and accreting gas in the halos of massive galaxies. The later model is disfavored by the absence of evolution in l(x) at z > 1. We argue that the strong Mg II phenomenon primarily arises from feedback processes in relatively low mass galactic halos related to star formation.

Gabriel E. Prochter; Jason X. Prochaska; Scott Burles

2004-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

403

Break-Even Cost for Residential Solar Water Heating in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Break-even Cost for Residential Break-even Cost for Residential Solar Water Heating in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities Hannah Cassard, Paul Denholm, and Sean Ong Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-48986 February 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Break-even Cost for Residential Solar Water Heating in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities Hannah Cassard, Paul Denholm, and Sean Ong Prepared under Task No. SS10.2110 Technical Report

404

A real time status monitor for transistor bank driver power limit resistor in boost injection kicker power supply  

SciTech Connect

For years suffering of Booster Injection Kicker transistor bank driver regulator troubleshooting, a new real time monitor system has been developed. A simple and floating circuit has been designed and tested. This circuit monitor system can monitor the driver regulator power limit resistor status in real time and warn machine operator if the power limit resistor changes values. This paper will mainly introduce the power supply and the new designed monitoring system. This real time resistor monitor circuit shows a useful method to monitor some critical parts in the booster pulse power supply. After two years accelerator operation, it shows that this monitor works well. Previously, we spent a lot of time in booster machine trouble shooting. We will reinstall all 4 PCB into Euro Card Standard Chassis when the power supply system will be updated.

Mi, J.; Tan, Y.; Zhang, W.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

405

Enhanced thermal photon and dilepton production in strongly coupled N=4 SYM plasma in strong magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the DC conductivity tensor of strongly coupled N=4 super-Yang-Mills (SYM) plasma in a presence of a strong external magnetic field B>>T^2 by using its gravity dual and employing both the RG flow approach and membrane paradigm which give the same results. We find that, since the magnetic field B induces anisotropy in the plasma, different components of the DC conductivity tensor have different magnitudes depending on whether its components are in the direction of the magnetic field B. In particular, we find that a component of the DC conductivity tensor in the direction of the magnetic field B increases linearly with B while the other components (which are not in the direction of the magnetic field B) are independent of it. These results are consistent with the lattice computations of the DC conductivity tensor of the QCD plasma in an external magnetic field B. Using the DC conductivity tensor, we calculate the soft or low-frequency thermal photon and dilepton production rates of the strongly coupled N=4 SYM plasma in the presence of the strong external magnetic field B>>T^2. We find that the strong magnetic field B enhances both the thermal photon and dilepton production rates of the strongly coupled N=4 SYM plasma in a qualitative agreement with the experimentally observed enhancements at the heavy-ion collision experiments.

Kiminad A. Mamo

2012-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

406

Economics and the Ising model - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... The context of economics renames these variables to mirror features important in the study of social impact. Word of mouth in neighbour ...

407

Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improvement Districts (Indiana) Improvement Districts (Indiana) Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Bond Program Industry Recruitment/Support Provider Indiana Economic Development Corporation A legislative body may adopt an ordinance establishing an economic improvement district and an Economic Improvement Board to manage development in a respective district. The Board can choose to issue revenue

408

PERI Green Economics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PERI Green Economics PERI Green Economics Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: PERI Green Economics Agency/Company /Organization: Political Economy Research Institute Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Buildings Phase: Create a Vision, "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., Prepare a Plan Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices User Interface: Website Website: www.peri.umass.edu/green_economics0/

409

Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts) Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts) Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Office of Business Development The Economic Development Incentive Program (EDIP) is a tax incentive program designed to foster job creation and stimulate business growth throughout the Commonwealth. Participating companies may receive state and

410

2012 Reservation Economic Summit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Summit Indian Energy & Energy Infrastructure to be Showcased at RES 2012 in Las Vegas Glossary of Energy Related Terms 2012 Renewable Energy Technology Conference...

411

NIST Budget, Planning and Economic Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Budget, Planning and Economic Studies. ... Table providing the NIST budget summary for FY 2012 - FY 2014. FY 2013. ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

412

The Economics of Green Building | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Economics of Green Building Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction...

413

Economic and Environmental Analysis of Photovoltaic Energy ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 22, 2012 ... Economic and Environmental Analysis of Photovoltaic Energy ... However, their approach is based on a specific net tariff system that was used ...

414

Sandia National Laboratories: News: Economic Impact  

Sandia National Laboratories has a robust and widespread economic impact. Spending by the Labs exceeds $2 billion a year. Nearly $1 billion goes to the procurement of ...

415

UCSD Biomass to Power Economic Feasibility Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels, LLC  UCSD Biomass to Power  Economic Feasibility Figure 1: West Biofuels Biomass Gasification to Power rates..……………………. ……31  UCSD Biomass to Power ? Feasibility 

Cattolica, Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on electronic equipment”, ASHRAE Transactions, 97, 455-463.and recently published ASHRAE standards. 2. Economizer useconcentrations still met the ASHRAE standards. However,

Shehabi, Arman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Essays in Labor and Development Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of studies on job training and program evaluation in thethe Effect of Training Programs,” Review of Economics andof the Evaluation of Training Programs,” Journal of the

Mutsalklisana, Charles Saharuk

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

NREL: Jobs and Economic Competitiveness - Jobs Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on understanding how investments in clean energy technology deployment impact jobs creation and economic output at the national, state and community level. NREL's jobs analyses...

419

Economic Development - Oak Ridge National Laboratory | ORNL  

Economic Development Entrepreneurial Programs. Partnerships staff believes that one of the very best ways to translate ORNL R&D into the commercial marketplace is to ...

420

Mountain Association for Community Economic Development - Solar...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Heater Loan Program Mountain Association for Community Economic Development - Solar Water Heater Loan Program Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings For Heating &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

NETL: U.S. Economic Competitiveness  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

States' dependence on petroleum, a significant fraction of which consists of foreign oil imports, for supplying fuels and chemicals essential to the country's economic...

422

Brownfields Revitalization and Economic Development Program ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Brownfields Revitalization and Economic Development Program (South Dakota) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most...

423

Low impedance z-pinch drivers without post-hole convolute current adders.  

SciTech Connect

Present-day pulsed-power systems operating in the terawatt regime typically use post-hole convolute current adders to operate at sufficiently low impedance. These adders necessarily involve magnetic nulls that connect the positive and negative electrodes. The resultant loss of magnetic insulation results in electron losses in the vicinity of the nulls that can severely limit the efficiency of the delivery of the system's energy to a load. In this report, we describe an alternate transformer-based approach to obtaining low impedance. The transformer consists of coils whose windings are in parallel rather than in series, and does not suffer from the presence of magnetic nulls. By varying the pitch of the coils windings, the current multiplication ratio can be varied, leading to a more versatile driver. The coupling efficiency of the transformer, its behavior in the presence of electron flow, and its mechanical strength are issues that need to be addressed to evaluate the potential of transformer-based current multiplication as a viable alternative to conventional current adder technology.

Savage, Mark Edward; Seidel, David Bruce; Mendel, Clifford Will, Jr.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The high current, fast, 100ns, Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) developmental project at Sandia National Laboratories.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, N.M., USA, in collaboration with the High Current Electronic Institute (HCEI), Tomsk, Russia, is developing a new paradigm in pulsed power technology: the Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) technology. This technological approach can provide very compact devices that can deliver very fast high current and high voltage pulses straight out of the cavity with out any complicated pulse forming and pulse compression network. Through multistage inductively insulated voltage adders, the output pulse, increased in voltage amplitude, can be applied directly to the load. The load may be a vacuum electron diode, a z-pinch wire array, a gas puff, a liner, an isentropic compression load (ICE) to study material behavior under very high magnetic fields, or a fusion energy (IFE) target. This is because the output pulse rise time and width can be easily tailored to the specific application needs. In this paper we briefly summarize the developmental work done in Sandia and HCEI during the last few years, and describe our new MYKONOS Sandia High Current LTD Laboratory.

Ward, Kevin S.; Long, Finis W.; Sinebryukhov, Vadim A. (High Current Electronic Institute (HCEI), Tomsk, Russia); Kim, Alexandre A. (High Current Electronic Institute (HCEI), Tomsk, RUSSIA); Wakeland, Peter Eric (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); McKee, G. Randall; Woodworth, Joseph Ray; McDaniel, Dillon Heirman; Fowler, William E.; Mazarakis, Michael Gerrassimos; Porter, John Larry, Jr.; Struve, Kenneth William; Stygar, William A.; LeChien, Keith R.; Matzen, Maurice Keith

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Beam dynamics studies in the driver LINAC pre-Stripper section of the RIA facility.  

SciTech Connect

The RIA facility driver linac consists of about 400 superconducting (SC) independently phased rf cavities. The linac is designed to accelerate simultaneously several-charge-state beams to generate as much as 400 kW of uranium beam power. The linac beam dynamics is most sensitive to the focusing and accelerating-structure parameters of the prestripper section, where the uranium beam is accelerated from 0.17 keV/u to 9.4 MeV/u. This section is designed to accept and accelerate 2 charge states (28 and 29) of uranium beam from an ECR ion source. The prestripper section must be designed to minimize the beam emittance distortion of this two-charge-state beam. In particular, the inter-cryostat spaces must be minimized and beam parameters near transitions of the accelerating and focusing lattices must be matched carefully. Several sources of possible effective emittance growth are considered in the design of the prestripper section and a tolerance budget is established. Numerical beam dynamics studies include realistic electric and magnetic 3-dimensional field distributions in the SC rf cavities and SC solenoids. Error effects in the longitudinal beam parameters are studied.

Lessner, E. S.; Ostroumov, P. N.

2003-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

426

Economic Benefits, Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions Reductions, and Water Conservation Benefits from 1,000 Megawatts (MW) of New Wind Power in Indiana (Fact Sheet)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ind power is one of the fastest-growing forms of ind power is one of the fastest-growing forms of new power generation in the United States. Industry growth in 2007 was an astounding 45%. New wind power installations constituted 35% of all new electric power installations. This growth is the result of many drivers, includ- ing increased economic competitiveness and favorable state policies such as Renewable Portfolio Standards. However, new wind power installations provide more than cost-competitive electricity. Wind power brings economic development to rural regions, reduces greenhouse gas production by displacing fossil fuels, and reduces water consumption in the electric power sector. The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America Program is committed to educating state-level policymakers

427

DSP-Based Sensor-less Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Driver With Quasi-Sine PWM for Air-Conditioner Rotary Compressor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presented a sensor-less permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) driver for controlling air-conditioner rotary compressor speed. In this thesis, a quasi-sine pulse-width modulation (PWM)… (more)

Liu, Li-hsiang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Transverse spin diffusion in strongly interacting Fermi gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute spin diffusion in a dilute Fermi gas at arbitrary temperature, polarization and strong interaction in the normal phase using kinetic theory. While the longitudinal spin diffusivity depends weakly on polarization and diverges for small temperatures, the transverse spin diffusivity D_\\perp has a strong polarization dependence and approaches a finite value for T->0 in the Fermi liquid phase. For a 3D unitary Fermi gas at infinite scattering length the diffusivities reach a minimum near the quantum limit of diffusion \\hbar/m in the quantum degenerate regime and are strongly suppressed by medium scattering, and we discuss the importance of the spin-rotation effect. In two dimensions, D_\\perp attains a minimum at strong coupling -1 < ln(kFa2D) < 1 and reaches D_\\perp~0.2...0.3\\hbar/m at large polarization. These values are consistent with recent measurements of two-dimensional ultracold atomic gases in the strong coupling regime.

Tilman Enss

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

429

The wireless internet decision: a multi-method investigation of decision drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The deployment of mobile internet technologies such as 3G/4G and WiMax adds more access technologies options for internet users. This raises a question about how people decide which access technology to use. Behavioural economics suggests that ...

Gregory Gimpel; Punit Ahluwalia; Upkar Varshney

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Assessing Energy Impact of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Significance of Daily Distance Variation over Time and Among Drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate assessment of the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on petroleum and electricity consumption is a necessary step toward effective policies. Variations in daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT) over time and among drivers affect PHEV energy impact, but the significance is not well understood. This paper uses a graphical illustration, a mathematical derivation, and an empirical study to examine the cause and significance of such an effect. The first two methods reveal that ignoring daily variation in VMT always causes underestimation of petroleum consumption and overestimation of electricity consumption by PHEVs; both biases increase as the assumed PHEV charge-depleting (CD) range moves closer to the average daily VMT. The empirical analysis based on national travel survey data shows that the assumption of uniform daily VMT over time and among drivers causes nearly 68% underestimation of expected petroleum use and nearly 48% overestimation of expected electricity use by PHEVs with a 40-mi CD range (PHEV40s). Also for PHEV40s, consideration of daily variation in VMT over time but not among drivers similar to the way the utility factor curve is derived in SAE Standard SAE J2841 causes underestimation of expected petroleum use by more than 24% and overestimation of expected electricity use by about 17%. Underestimation of petroleum use and overestimation of electricity use increase with larger-battery PHEVs.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Analysis of a Cyclotron Based 400 MeV/u Driver System for a Radioactive Beam Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The creation of intense radioactive beams requires intense and energetic primary beams. A task force analysis of this subject recommended an acceleration system capable of 400 MeV/u uranium at 1 particle uA as an appropriate driver for such a facility. The driver system should be capable of accelerating lighter ions at higher intensity such that a constant final beam power (~100kW) is maintained. This document is a more detailed follow on to the previous analysis of such a system incorporating a cyclotron. The proposed driver pre-acceleration system consists of an ion source, radio frequency quadrupole, and linac chain capable of producing a final energy of 30 MeV/u and a charge (Q) to mass (A) of Q/A ~1/3. This acceleration system would be followed by a Separated Sector Cyclotron with a final output energy of 400 MeV/u. This system provides a more cost-effective solution in terms of initial capital investment as well as of operation compared to a fully linac system with the same primary beam output parameters.

F. Marti; R. C. York; H. Blosser; M. M. Gordon; D. Gorelov; T. Grimm; D. Johnson; P. Miller; E. Pozdeyev; J. Vincent; X. Wu; A. Zeller

1999-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

432

Disposition of Unirradiated Sodium Bonded EBR-II Driver Fuel Elements and HEU Scrap: Work Performed for FY 2007  

SciTech Connect

Specific surplus high enriched uranium (HEU) materials at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) will be transferred to a designated off-site receiving facility. The DOE High Enriched Uranium Disposition Program Office (HDPO) will determine which materials, if any, will be prepared and transferred to an off-site facility for processing and eventual fabrication of fuel for nuclear reactors. These surplus HEU materials include approximately 7200 kg unirradiated sodium-bonded EBR-II driver fuel elements, and nearly 800 kg of HEU casting scrap from the process which formed various sodium-bonded fuels (including the EBR-II driver elements). Before the driver fuel can be packaged for shipment, the fuel elements will require removal of the sodium bond. The HEU scrap will also require repackaging in preparation for off-site transport. Preliminary work on this task was authorized by BWXT Y-12 on Nov 6, 2006 and performed in three areas: • Facility Modifications • Safety Documentation • Project Management

Karen A Moore

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Intelligent Economic Alarm Processor (IEAP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The advent of electricity market deregulation has placed great emphasis on the availability of information, the analysis of this information, and the subsequent decision-making to optimize system operation in a competitive environment. This creates a need for better ways of correlating the market activity with the physical grid operating states in real time and sharing such information among market participants. Choices of command and control actions may result in different financial consequences for market participants and severely impact their profits. This work provides a solution, the Intelligent Economic Alarm Processor to be implemented in a control center to assist the grid operator in rapidly identifying the faulted sections and market operation management. The task of fault section estimation is difficult when multiple faults, failures of protection devices, and false data are involved. A Fuzzy Reasoning Petri-nets approach has been proposed to tackle the complexities. In this approach, the fuzzy reasoning starting from protection system status data and ending with estimation of faulted power system section is formulated by Petri-nets. The reasoning process is implemented by matrix operations. Next, in order to better feed the FRPN model with more accurate inputs, the failure rates of the protections devices are analyzed. A new approach to assess the circuit breaker’s life cycle or deterioration stages using its control circuit data is introduced. Unlike the traditional “mean time” criteria, the deterioration stages have been mathematically defined by setting up the limits of various performance indices. The model can be automatically updated as the new real-time condition-based data become available to assess the CB’s operation performance using probability distributions. The economic alarm processor module is discussed in the end. This processor firstly analyzes the fault severity based on the information retrieved from the fault section estimation module, and gives the changes in the LMPs, total generation cost, congestion revenue etc. with electricity market schedules and trends. Then some suggested restorative actions are given to optimize the overall system benefit. When market participants receive such information in advance, they make estimation about the system operator's restorative action and their competitors' reaction to it.

Guan, Yufan

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Developing a Strong NABI Application Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Developing a Strong NABI Application Webinar Developing a Strong NABI Application Webinar Developing a Strong NABI Application Webinar May 30, 2013 2:00PM EDT Webinar The Administration for Children and Families Office of Community Services (OCS) and Administration for Native Americans (ANA) invite you to participate in two pre-application webinars introducing the 2013 Native Asset Building Initiative (NABI) funding opportunity. During these webinars, you will learn: Details of the 2013 NABI funding opportunity, including application requirements and how to leverage additional funding Proven strategies to strengthen financial literacy and wealth creation among low-income Native populations How to design and manage a successful asset building project in a Native community. This webinar is the second of two webinars that offer guidance on how to

435

Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory June 1, 2012 - 3:50pm Addthis Navy personnel stationed in Idaho Falls, Idaho, in the mid 1950s learn how to operate the Nautilus S1W, the prototype of the Navy's first nuclear-powered submarine. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Navy personnel stationed in Idaho Falls, Idaho, in the mid 1950s learn how to operate the Nautilus S1W, the prototype of the Navy's first nuclear-powered submarine. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Ethan Huffman External Outreach Lead, Idaho National Laboratory How many veterans work at INL? Almost 400 employees at the laboratory have served in one of the five military branches during their careers. Four of the six executive leaders at INL have a combined total of 80

436

Boise Buses Running Strong with Clean Cities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Boise Buses Running Strong with Clean Cities Boise Buses Running Strong with Clean Cities Boise Buses Running Strong with Clean Cities May 28, 2013 - 12:05pm Addthis Working with Republic Services, the city of Boise and Valley Regional Transit, Treasure Valley Clean Cities built four compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling stations that allowed all three organizations to transition to CNG vehicles. | Photo courtesy of Valley Regional Transit. Working with Republic Services, the city of Boise and Valley Regional Transit, Treasure Valley Clean Cities built four compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling stations that allowed all three organizations to transition to CNG vehicles. | Photo courtesy of Valley Regional Transit. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts?

437

Solar Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania Solar Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania October 8, 2010 - 10:39am Addthis Aqua Pennsylvania, Inc. installed a 1 MW solar farm at its Ingram’s Mill Water Treatment Plant in East Bradford, Pa. The solar project is saving the water company $77,000 a year. | File photo Aqua Pennsylvania, Inc. installed a 1 MW solar farm at its Ingram's Mill Water Treatment Plant in East Bradford, Pa. The solar project is saving the water company $77,000 a year. | File photo Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE It takes a lot of energy to run a water treatment plant round-the-clock. And pumping 35 million gallons of water a day to hundreds of thousands businesses and residents can get expensive.

438

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong April 9, 2010 - 3:16pm Addthis NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems Joshua DeLung NRG Systems, of Hinesburg, Vt., has made products to help its customers measure and understand the potential of wind energy since 1982. Now, because of additional opportunities the Recovery Act has created for renewable energy companies, small businesses such as NRG Systems are poised to grow with the increased demand for proven wind measurement and turbine control equipment. NRG Systems' customers are primarily developers, utilities and research

439

Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory June 1, 2012 - 3:50pm Addthis Navy personnel stationed in Idaho Falls, Idaho, in the mid 1950s learn how to operate the Nautilus S1W, the prototype of the Navy's first nuclear-powered submarine. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Navy personnel stationed in Idaho Falls, Idaho, in the mid 1950s learn how to operate the Nautilus S1W, the prototype of the Navy's first nuclear-powered submarine. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Ethan Huffman External Outreach Lead, Idaho National Laboratory How many veterans work at INL? Almost 400 employees at the laboratory have served in one of the five military branches during their careers. Four of the six executive leaders at INL have a combined total of 80

440

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong April 9, 2010 - 3:16pm Addthis NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems Joshua DeLung NRG Systems, of Hinesburg, Vt., has made products to help its customers measure and understand the potential of wind energy since 1982. Now, because of additional opportunities the Recovery Act has created for renewable energy companies, small businesses such as NRG Systems are poised to grow with the increased demand for proven wind measurement and turbine control equipment. NRG Systems' customers are primarily developers, utilities and research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Blue Ribbon Commission Offers Strong Step Forward | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Blue Ribbon Commission Offers Strong Step Forward The Blue Ribbon Commission Offers Strong Step Forward The Blue Ribbon Commission Offers Strong Step Forward July 29, 2011 - 12:27pm Addthis Damien LaVera Damien LaVera Deputy Director, Office of Public Affairs Today, the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future issued a draft of its recommendations. The Obama Administration continues to believe that nuclear energy has an important role to play as America moves to a clean energy future. As part of our commitment to restarting the American nuclear industry and creating thousands of new jobs and export opportunities in the process, we are committed to finding a sustainable approach to assuring safe, secure long-term disposal of used nuclear fuel and nuclear waste. Secretary Chu appreciates the hard work done by the members of the Blue

442

Strong Energy Condition in $R + R^2$ Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study Raychaudhuri's equation in the background of $R + \\beta R^2$ gravity with a phenomenological matter ($\\rho \\propto a(t)^{-n}$). We conclude that even though the Strong Energy Condition (S.E.C.) for Einstein's gravity, which guarantees singularity, is $n\\geq 2$ for $\\rho \\propto a(t)^{-n}$, a perturbative analysis of Raychaudhuri's equation in the background of $R + \\beta R^2$ gravity reveals that the big bang singularity may not be guaranteed for $n > 4$. We derive the following Strong Energy Conditions for $R + \\beta R^2$ ($\\beta \

J. H. Kung

1995-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

443

Partially Ionized Atmospheres of Neutron Stars with Strong Magnetic Fields  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We construct hydrogen atmosphere models for strongly magnetized neutron stars in thermodynamic equilibrium, taking into account partial ionization. The presence of bound states affects the equation of state, absorption coefficients, and polarizability tensor of a strongly magnetized plasma. Therefore the partial ionization influences the polarization vectors and opacities of normal electromagnetic waves, and thus the spectra of outgoing radiation. Here we review a model suitable for the most typical neutron-star atmospheres and focus on the problems that remain to be solved for its extension to other atmospheric parameters.

Potekhin, A.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

444

Strongly Coupled Plasmas via Rydberg-Blockade of Cold Atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and analyze a new scheme to produce ultracold neutral plasmas deep in the strongly coupled regime. The method exploits the interaction blockade between cold atoms excited to high-lying Rydberg states and therefore does not require substantial extensions of current ultracold plasma experiments. Extensive simulations reveal a universal behavior of the resulting Coulomb coupling parameter, providing a direct connection between the physics of strongly correlated Rydberg gases and ultracold plasmas. The approach is shown to reduce currently accessible temperatures by more than an order of magnitude, which opens up a new regime for ultracold plasma research and cold ion-beam applications with readily available experimental techniques.

Bannasch, G; Pohl, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Mixtures of Strongly Interacting Bosons in Optical Lattices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of strongly interacting heteronuclear boson-boson mixtures loaded in realistic optical lattices, with particular emphasis on the physics of interfaces. In particular, we numerically reproduce the recent experimental observation that the addition of a small fraction of {sup 41}K induces a significant loss of coherence in {sup 87}Rb, providing a simple explanation. We then investigate the robustness against the inhomogeneity typical of realistic experimental realizations of the glassy quantum emulsions recently predicted to occur in strongly interacting boson-boson mixtures on ideal homogeneous lattices.

Buonsante, P.; Penna, V. [C.N.I.S.M. and Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino (Italy); Giampaolo, S. M. [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Italy); CNR-INFM Coherentia, Napoli, Italy, and CNISM Unita di Salerno, and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo collegato di Salerno, Baronissi (Italy); Illuminati, F. [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Italy); CNR-INFM Coherentia, Napoli, Italy, and CNISM Unita di Salerno, and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo collegato di Salerno, Baronissi (Italy); Institute for Scientific Interchange, Viale Settimio Severo 65, 10133 Torino (Italy); Vezzani, A. [CNR-INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Parma, V.le G.P. Usberti n.7/A, I-43100 Parma (Italy)

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

446

Mixtures of strongly interacting bosons in optical lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of strongly interacting heteronuclear boson-boson mixtures loaded in realistic optical lattices, with particular emphasis on the physics of interfaces. In particular, we numerically reproduce the recent experimental observation that the addition of a small fraction of K induces a significant loss of coherence in Rb, providing a simple explanation. We then investigate the robustness against the inhomogeneity typical of realistic experimental realizations of the glassy quantum emulsions recently predicted to occur in strongly interacting boson-boson mixtures on ideal homogeneous lattices.

P. Buonsante; S. M. Giampaolo; F. Illuminati; V. Penna; A. Vezzani

2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

447

European Economic Review 18 11982)243-248. Norfh-Holle,nd Publishing Company THE OIL SHOCKS AND MACROECONOMIC ADJUSTMEN'F IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/38, USA Though 'supply-side economics' is politically ascendant in the United States, the relative importance of supply versus demand factors in r,x:ent U.S. macroeconomic history remains in strong dispute the oil price increases a~d pre-ta~: profitability remained strong throughout the 1970s. Demand factors

448

The Economics of Solar Electricity ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The benefits and costs of increasing solar electricity generation depend on the scale of the increase and on the timeframe over which it occurs. Short-run analyses focus on the cost-effectiveness of incremental increases in solar capacity, holding the rest of the power system fixed. Solar’s variability adds value if its power occurs at high-demand times and displaces relatively carbon-intensive generation. Medium-run analyses consider the implications of non-incremental changes in solar capacity. The cost of each installation may fall through experience effects, but the cost of grid integration increases when solar requires ancillary services and fails to displace investment in other types of generation. Long-run analyses consider the role of solar in reaching twentyfirst century carbon targets. Solar’s contribution depends on the representation of grid integration costs, on the availability of other low-carbon technologies, and on the potential for technological advances. By surveying analyses for different time horizons, this paper begins to connect and integrate a fairly disjointed literature on the economics of solar energy.

Erin Baker; Meredith Fowlie; Derek Lemoine; Stanley S. Reynolds; Erin Baker; Meredith Fowlie; Derek Lemoine; Stanley S. Reynolds

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Clean, economical, underwater (hydrocarbon) storage  

SciTech Connect

A consortium consisting of Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft A.G., Phoenix Gummiwerke A.G., Strabag Bau-A.G., and Bugsier Reederei und Bergungs-A.G. offers a plausible solution to the large-scale underwater storage of hydrocarbons. Up to 20 storage compartments of 8000 cu m capacity can be assembled for a capacity of 160,000 cu m. Each compartment is divided in half by a nylon-reinforced polyurethane diaphragm which isolates oil or other products on one side from sea-water ballast on the other side. As oil is pumped into storage on one side of the diaphragm, the diaphragm moves and ballast on the other side is displaced to the sea. Ballast re-enters the compartment during unloading. The system can enable small offshore platforms to produce more economically. Cargo tankers load at 8000 cu m/hr. The tanks will be used in 200 m or greater water depths. The loading station is installed in a buoy 30 m below the water surface.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Tennessee Business and economic ouTlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Business and Economic Outlook -- 1 The U.S. Forecast introduction Economic conditions continue to deteriorate, raising concerns about a potentially deeper and more prolonged downturn. Throughout 2007 as oil business cycle. Even seemingly positive news loses its luster when one probes beneath the surface. Export

Tennessee, University of

451

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CENTURY ALUMINUM OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that supported nearly 1,600 jobs and $111 million in employee compensation. This report documents the economic. The economic impacts estimated in this report are business volume, employee compensation, employment's presence in the state in 2007 generated a total business volume impact in excess of $579 million

Mohaghegh, Shahab

452

Workshop on internet economics (WIE2011) report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The second Workshop on Internet Economics [2], hosted by CAIDA and Georgia Institute of Technology on December 1-2, 2011, brought together network technology and policy researchers with providers of commercial Internet facilities and services (network ... Keywords: economics, internet, network management

kc claffy

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Economic Development Impacts of 20% Wind (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Meeting 20% of the nation's electricity demand with wind energy will require enourmous investment in wind farms, manufacturing, and infrastructure. This investment will create substantial economic development impacts on local, regional, and national levels. This conference poster for Windpower 2007 outlines the various economic development impacts from a 20% wind scenario.

Kelly, M.; Tegen, S.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Economic load dispatch using improved harmony search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the use of the improved harmony search method for solving economic load dispatch problems. The harmony search method mimics a jazz improvisation process by musicians in order to seek a fantastic state of harmony. To assess the searching ... Keywords: adaptive tabu search, economic dispatch, evolutionary programming, genetic algorithms, particle swarm optimization

T. Ratniyomchai; A. Oonsivilai; P. Pao-La-Or; T. Kulworawanichpong

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (Postcard)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the Jobs and Economic Development Benefits model. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the Jobs and Economic Development Benefits model section on the Wind Powering America website.

Not Available

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Bureau of Business and Economic Research College of Business and Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

market, health, economic development, industry analysis, public finance, forecasting and other related research areas. More information about the BBER can be found at www.bber.wvu.edu. Responsibilities in economics or resource economics with specialization in regional, health, public finance, energy, public

Mohaghegh, Shahab

457

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Photovoltaics Economics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaics Economics Calculator Photovoltaics Economics Calculator Web-based tool which allows you to describe your solar system in detail and provides a detailed breakdown of what sort of power you'll get out of it and how economical of a investment the system will be. It uses the TMY2 solar data from the NREL Renewable Resource Data Center. This calculator allows users to customize their setup, providing greater feedback on how much power is provided when, and most importantly, a detailed economics breakdown of how the investment works out. It also keeps track of battery charge states for off-grid users. Screen Shots Keywords solar, photovoltaic, economics Validation/Testing Validated against PVWatts, a widely recognized solar power output calculator. When given the exact same conditions, power production is

458

World Economic Forum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Economic Forum World Economic Forum Jump to: navigation, search Logo: The World Economic Forum (WEF) Name The World Economic Forum (WEF) Address World Economic Forum Switzerland 91-93 route de la Capite, CH-1223 Cologny/Geneva Switzerland Year founded 1971 Website http://www.weforum.org Coordinates 46.2169537°, 6.18583° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.2169537,"lon":6.18583,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

459

Nuclear Collective Excitation by a Short Strong Laser Pulse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the conditions on the average laser energy and the mean photon number such that a short strong laser pulse causes collective nuclear excitation. We use the Giant Dipole Resonance as a representative example, and a random-matrix description of the fine-structure states and perturbation theory as tools.

Weidenmueller, Hans A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Strong downslope wind events in Ammassalik, SE Greenland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ammassalik in SE Greenland is known for strong winds events that can reach hurricane intensity and cause severe destruction in the local town. Yet, these winds and their impact on the nearby fjord and shelf region have not been studied in detail.

M. Oltmanns; F. Straneo; G. W. K. Moore; S. H. Mernild

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Two Types of Strong Northeast Asian Summer Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of a strong northeast Asian summer monsoon (NEASM) with and without (A and B type, respectively) a basinwide warming in the Indian Ocean during the preceding winter are examined for the period of 1979–2006. In the case of the ...

Jung-Eun Kim; Sang-Wook Yeh; Song-You Hong

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Beta-Induced Translation of Strong Isolated Eddies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong eddies on the ? plane are considered within the framework of the one-layer primitive equations. The attention is focused on calculating the ?-induced changes to the spatial structure of the eddy, as well as the speed of its translation. In ...

E. S. Benilov

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Security analysis of the strong diffie-hellman problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Let g be an element of prime order p in an abelian group and $\\alpha\\in {{\\mathbb Z}}_p$. We show that if g, g?, and $g^{\\alpha^d}$ are given for a positive divisor d of p–1, we can ... Keywords: Diffie-Hellman, ElGamal encryption, blind signature, discrete logarithm, strong Diffie-Hellman

Jung Hee Cheon

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURAL STUDIES OF STRONG GLOW DISCHARGE POLYMER COATINGS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OAK A271 COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURAL STUDIES OF STRONG GLOW DISCHARGE POLYMER COATINGS. An investigation of the chemical composition and structure of strong glow discharge (GDP) polymer shells made for cryogenic experiments at OMEGA is described. The investigation was carried out using combustion and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. The strongest coatings were observed to have the lowest hydrogen content or hydrogen/carbon H/C ratio, whereas the weakest coatings had the highest hydrogen content or H/C ratio. Chemical composition results from combustion were used to complement FTIR analysis to determine the relative hydrogen content of as-fabricated coatings. Good agreement was observed between composition results obtained from combustion and FTIR analysis. FTIR analysis of coating structures showed the strongest coatings to have less terminal methyl groups and a more double bond or olefinic structure. Strong GDP coatings that were aged in air react more with oxygen and moisture than standard GDP coatings. In addition to a more olefinic structure, there may also be more free-radial sites present in strong GDP coatings, which leads to greater oxygen uptake.

CZECHOWICZ, DG; CASTILLO, ER; NIKROO, A

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Strong concepts: Intermediate-level knowledge in interaction design research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design-oriented research practices create opportunities for constructing knowledge that is more abstracted than particular instances, without aspiring to be at the scope of generalized theories. We propose an intermediate design knowledge form that we ... Keywords: Design research, bare-skin connection, seamfulness, social navigation, strong concepts

Kristina Höök; Jonas Löwgren

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Common Origin of (-)^L, (-)^{3B}, and Strong CP Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multiplicative conservation of both lepton and baryon numbers, i.e. (-)^L and (-)^{3B}, is connected to an axionic solution of the strong CP problem in a supersymmetric, unifiable model of quark and lepton interactions. New particles are predicted at the TeV scale, with verifiable consequences at the Large Hadron Collider.

Ernest Ma

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

467

Experimental evaluation of a negative ion source for a heavy ionfusion negative ion driver  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Negative halogen ions have recently been proposed as a possible alternative to positive ions for heavy ion fusion drivers because electron accumulation would not be a problem in the accelerator, and if desired, the beams could be photodetached to neutrals [1,2,3]. To test the ability to make suitable quality beams, an experiment was conducted at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory using chlorine in an RF-driven ion source. Without introducing any cesium (which is required to enhance negative ion production in hydrogen ion sources) a negative chlorine current density of 45 mA/cm{sup 2} was obtained under the same conditions that gave 57 mA/cm{sup 2} of positive chlorine, suggesting the presence of nearly as many negative ions as positive ions in the plasma near the extraction plane. The negative ion spectrum was 99.5% atomic chlorine ions, with only 0.5% molecular chlorine, and essentially no impurities. Although this experiment did not incorporate the type of electron suppression technology that is used in negative hydrogen beam extraction, the ratio of co-extracted electrons to Cl{sup -} was as low as 7 to 1, many times lower than the ratio of their mobilities, suggesting that few electrons are present in the near-extractor plasma. This, along with the near-equivalence of the positive and negative ion currents, suggests that the plasma in this region was mostly an ion-ion plasma. The negative chlorine current density was relatively insensitive to pressure, and scaled linearly with RF power. If this linear scaling continues to hold at higher RF powers, it should permit current densities of 100 mA/cm{sup 2}, sufficient for present heavy ion fusion injector concepts. The effective ion temperatures of the positive and negative ions appeared to be similar and relatively low for a plasma source.

Grisham, L.R.; Hahto, S.K.; Hahto, S.T.; Kwan, J.W.; Leung, K.N.

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

468

Experimental Evaluation of a Negative Ion Source for a Heavy Ion Fusion Negative Ion Driver  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Negative halogen ions have recently been proposed as a possible alternative to positive ions for heavy ion fusion drivers because electron accumulation would not be a problem in the accelerator, and if desired, the beams could be photo-detached to neutrals. To test the ability to make suitable quality beams, an experiment was conducted at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory using chlorine in an RF-driven ion source. Without introducing any cesium (which is required to enhance negative ion production in hydrogen ion sources) a negative chlorine current density of 45 mA/cm{sup 2} was obtained under the same conditions that gave 57 45 mA/cm{sup 2} of positive chlorine, suggesting the presence of nearly as many negative ions as positive ions in the plasma near the extraction plane. The negative ion spectrum was 99.5% atomic chlorine ions, with only 0.5% molecular chlorine, and essentially no impurities. Although this experiment did not incorporate the type of electron suppression technology that i s used in negative hydrogen beam extraction, the ratio of co-extracted electrons to Cl{sup -} was as low as 7 to 1, many times lower than the ratio of their mobilities, suggesting that few electrons are present in the near-extractor plasma. This, along with the near-equivalence of the positive and negative ion currents, suggests that the plasma in this region was mostly an ion-ion plasma. The negative chlorine current density was relatively insensitive to pressure, and scaled linearly with RF power. If this linear scaling continues to hold at higher RF powers, it should permit current densities of 100 45 mA/cm{sup 2}, sufficient for present heavy ion fusion injector concepts. The effective ion temperatures of the positive and negative ions appeared to be similar and relatively low for a plasma source.

L.R. Grisham, S.K. Hahto, S.T. Hahto, J.W. Kwan, and K.N. Leung

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

469

Economic evaluation of smart well technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The demand of oil and gas resources is high and the forecasts show a trend for higher requirements in the future. More unconventional resource exploitation along with an increase in the total recovery in current producing fields is required. At this pivotal time the role of emerging technologies is of at most importance. Smart or intelligent well technology is one of the up and coming technologies that have been developed to assist improvements in field development outcome. In this paper a comprehensive review of this technology has been discussed. The possible reservoir environments in which smart well technology could be used and also, the possible benefits that could be realized by utilizing smart well technology has been discussed. The economic impact of smart well technology has been studied thoroughly. Five field cases were used to evaluate the economics of smart well technology in various production environments. Real field data along with best estimate of smart well technology pricings were used in this research. I have used different comparisons between smart well cases and conventional completion to illustrate the economic differences between the different completion scenarios. Based on the research, I have realized that all the smart well cases showed a better economic return than conventional completions. The offshore cases showed a good economic environment for smart well technology. Large onshore developments with smart well technology can also provide a lucrative economic return. These situations can increase the overall economic return and ultimate recovery which will assist in meeting some of the oil demand around the globe.

Al Omair, Abdullatif A.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

HTGR Application Economic Model Users' Manual  

SciTech Connect

The High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) Application Economic Model was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project. The HTGR Application Economic Model calculates either the required selling price of power and/or heat for a given internal rate of return (IRR) or the IRR for power and/or heat being sold at the market price. The user can generate these economic results for a range of reactor outlet temperatures; with and without power cycles, including either a Brayton or Rankine cycle; for the demonstration plant, first of a kind, or nth of a kind project phases; for up to 16 reactor modules; and for module ratings of 200, 350, or 600 MWt. This users manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for the HTGR Application Economic Model. Instructions, screenshots, and examples are provided to guide the user through the HTGR Application Economic Model. This model was designed for users who are familiar with the HTGR design and Excel and engineering economics. Modification of the HTGR Application Economic Model should only be performed by users familiar with the HTGR and its applications, Excel, and Visual Basic.

A.M. Gandrik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Dan Miller Associate, Industrial and Economic Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Name, Phone, e-mail address Name, Phone, e-mail address Dan Miller Associate, Industrial and Economic Development Dan Miller joined Oak Ridge National Laboratory in January, 2010 as an Associate in Industrial Partnerships and Economic Development. His responsibilities include leading and supporting initiatives in the energy storage portfolio focused on technology commercialization, economic development, and industrial partnerships. He also manages ORNL's relationships with companies involved in the Oak Ridge Science & Technology Park and is actively recruiting additional companies to locate there. Prior to joining ORNL, Dan was a Licensing Associate in Rice University Office of Technology Transfer, where he managed the patent portfolio of the university's physical science technologies.

472

H. David Politzer, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

H. David Politzer, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction Resources with Additional Information H. David Politzer Photo Credit: California Institute of Technology H. David Politzer has won the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics 'for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction'. 'Politzer, a professor of theoretical physics at the California Institute of Technology, shares the prize with David Gross and Frank Wilczek. The key discovery celebrated by [the] prize was made in 1973, when Politzer, a Harvard University graduate student at the time, and two physicists working independently from Politzer at Princeton University-Gross and his graduate student Wilczek-theorized that quarks actually become bound more tightly the farther they get from each other.

473

Entanglement creation in cold molecular gases using strong laser pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While many-particle entanglement can be found in natural solids and strongly interacting atomic and molecular gases, generating highly entangled states between weakly interacting particles in a controlled and scalable way presents a significant challenge. We describe here a one-step method to generate entanglement in a dilute gas of cold polar molecules. For molecules in optical traps separated by a few micrometers, we show that maximally entangled states can be created using the strong off-resonant pulses that are routinely used in molecular alignment experiments. We show that the resulting alignment-mediated entanglement can be detected by measuring laser-induced fluorescence with single-site resolution and that signatures of this molecular entanglement also appear in the microwave absorption spectra of the molecular ensemble. We analyze the robustness of these entangled molecular states with respect to intensity fluctuations of the trapping laser and discuss possible applications of the system for quantum information processing.

Felipe Herrera; Sabre Kais; K. Birgitta Whaley

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

474

Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent achievements in nuclear forces theory open new perspectives for the next decade of low energy nuclear physics, bringing together people from very different communities. Although many developments remain to be done, the possibility to directly use QCD to describe nuclear system is a major challenge that is within reach. In this introduction to the 2009 International Joliot-Curie School (EJC2009), new trends in the strong nuclear interaction are summarized starting from quarks and ending with finite or infinite nuclear systems. At different energy scales, selected new concepts and ideas have been discussed in a rather simple way. Recent advances in the theory of nuclear forces, thanks to chiral perturbation and effective field theories, have led to a new generation of strong nuclear interaction particularly suited to low energy nuclear physics. The interesting aspects of new interactions compared to conventional forces are underlined. Recent achievements in ab initio theories that directly start from the...

Lacroix, Denis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Strongs Prairie, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strongs Prairie, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Strongs Prairie, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.0613558°, -89.9759616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.0613558,"lon":-89.9759616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

476

Optomechanics with molecules in a strongly pumped ring cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cavity cooling of an atom works best on a cyclic optical transition in the strong coupling regime near resonance, where small cavity photon numbers suffice for trapping and cooling. Due to the absence of closed transitions a straightforward application to molecules fails: optical pumping can lead the particle into uncoupled states. An alternative operation in the far off-resonant regime generates only very slow cooling due to the reduced field-molecule coupling. We predict to overcome this by using a strongly driven ring-cavity operated in the sideband cooling regime. As in the optomechanical setups one takes advantage of a collectively enhanced field-molecule coupling strength using a large photon number. A linearized analytical treatment confirmed by full numerical quantum simulations predicts fast cooling despite the off-resonant small single molecule - single photon coupling. Even ground state cooling can be obtained by tuning the cavity field close to the Anti-stokes sideband for sufficiently high trappi...

Schulze, R J; Ritsch, H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Prospects for Strong Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics with Superconducting Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a realizable architecture using one-dimensional transmission line resonators to reach the strong coupling limit of cavity quantum electrodynamics in superconducting electrical circuits. The vacuum Rabi frequency for the coupling of cavity photons to quantized excitations of an adjacent electrical circuit (qubit) can easily exceed the damping rates of both the cavity and the qubit. This architecture is attractive for quantum computing and control, since it provides strong inhibition of spontaneous emission, potentially leading to greatly enhanced qubit lifetimes, allows high-fidelity quantum non-demolition measurements of the state of multiple qubits, and has a natural mechanism for entanglement of qubits separated by centimeter distances. In addition it would allow production of microwave photon states of fundamental importance for quantum communication.

S. M. Girvin; Ren-Shou Huang; Alexandre Blais; Andreas Wallraff; R. J. Schoelkopf

2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

478

Strongly driven one-atom laser and decoherence monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose the implementation of a strongly driven one-atom laser, based on the off-resonant interaction of a three-level atom in {lambda} configuration with a single cavity mode and three laser fields. We show that the system can be described equivalently by a two-level atom resonantly coupled to the cavity and driven by a strong effective coherent field. The effective dynamics can be solved exactly, including a thermal field bath, allowing an analytical description of field statistics and entanglement properties. We also show the possible generation of quantum superposition (Schroedinger cat) states for the whole atom-field system and for the field alone after atomic measurement. We propose a way to monitor the system decoherence by measuring atomic populations. Finally, we confirm the validity of our model through numerical solutions.

Lougovski, P. [Hearne Institute for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, 202 Nicholson Hall, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Casagrande, F.; Lulli, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano, Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milan (Italy); Solano, E. [Physics Department, ASC, and CeNS, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet, Theresienstrasse 37, 80333 Munich (Germany); Seccion Fisica, Departamento de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru, Apartado 1761, Lima (Peru)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

An overshoot solar dynamo with a strong return meridional flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The meridional circulation plays an essential role in determining the basic mechanism of the dynamo action in case the of a low eddy diffusivity. Flux-transport dynamos with strong return flow and a deep stagnation point are discussed in the case of a positive $\\alpha$-effect located in the overshoot layer and a rotation law consistent with helioseismology. By means of a linear dynamo model, it will be shown that the migration of the toroidal belts at lower latitudes and the periods of the activity cycles are consistent with the observations. Moreover, at variance with previous investigations, the typical critical dynamo numbers of dipolar solutions are significantly smaller that those of quadrupolar solutions even in the regime of strong flow.

Bonanno, Alfio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Higgs-induced spectroscopic shifts near strong gravity sources  

SciTech Connect

We explore the consequences of the mass generation due to the Higgs field in strong gravity astrophysical environments. The vacuum expectation value of the Higgs field is predicted to depend on the curvature of spacetime, potentially giving rise to peculiar spectroscopic shifts, named hereafter 'Higgs shifts'. Higgs shifts could be searched through dedicated multiwavelength and multispecies surveys with high spatial and spectral resolution near strong gravity sources such as Sagittarius A* or broad searches for signals due to primordial black holes. The possible absence of Higgs shifts in these surveys should provide limits to the coupling between the Higgs particle and the curvature of spacetime, a topic of interest for a recently proposed Higgs-driven inflationary model. We discuss some conceptual issues regarding the coexistence between the Higgs mechanism and gravity, especially for their different handling of fundamental and composite particles.

Onofrio, Roberto [Dipartimento di Fisica 'Galileo Galilei', Universita di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, Padova 35131 (Italy) and ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drivers strong economic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

“Hard probes” of strongly-interacting atomic gases  

SciTech Connect

We investigate properties of an energetic atom propagating through strongly interacting atomic gases. The operator product expansion is used to systematically compute a quasiparticle energy and its scattering rate both in a spin-1/2 Fermi gas and in a spinless Bose gas. Reasonable agreement with recent quantum Monte Carlo simulations even at a relatively small momentum k/kF > 1.5 indicates that our large-momentum expansions are valid in a wide range of momentum. We also study a differential scattering rate when a probe atom is shot into atomic gases. Because the number density and current density of the target atomic gas contribute to the forward scattering only, its contact density (measure of short-range pair correlation) gives the leading contribution to the backward scattering. Therefore, such an experiment can be used to measure the contact density and thus provides a new local probe of strongly interacting atomic gases.

Nishida, Yusuke [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

482

Strongly-Driven One-Atom Laser and Decoherence Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose the implementation of a strongly-driven one-atom laser, based on the off-resonant interaction of a three-level atom in $\\Lambda$-configuration with a single cavity mode and three laser fields. We show that the system can be described equivalently by a two-level atom resonantly coupled to the cavity and driven by a strong effective coherent field. The effective dynamics can be solved exactly, including a thermal field bath, allowing an analytical description of field statistics and entanglement properties. We also show the possible generation of Schr\\"odinger cat states for the whole atom-field system and for the field alone after atomic measurement. We propose a way to monitor the system decoherence by measuring atomic population. Finally, we confirm the validity of our model through numerical solutions.

P. Lougovski; F. Casagrande; A. Lulli; E. Solano

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

483

Anisotropy of strong pinning in multi-band superconductors  

SciTech Connect

The field-angular dependence and anisotropy of the critical current density in iron-based superconductors is evaluated using a phenomenological approach featuring distinct anisotropy factors for the penetration depth and the coherence length. Both the weak collective pinning limit and the strong pinning limit relevant for iron-based superconductors at low magnetic fields are considered. It is found that in the more anisotropic materials, such as SmFeAsO and NdFeAsO, the field-angular dependence is completely dominated by the coherence length (upper critical field) anisotropy, thereby explaining recent results on the critical current in these materials. In less anisotropic superconductors, strong pinning can lead to an apparent inversion of the anisotropy. Finally, it is shown that, under all circumstances, the ratio of the c-axis and ab-plane critical current densities for the magnetic field along the ab-plane directly yields the coherence length anisotropy factor ??.

van der Beek, C.J.; Konczykowski, M.; Prozorov, Ruslan

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

484

Strongly driven ion acoustic waves in laser produced plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper present an experimental study of ion acoustic waves with wavenumbers corresponding to stimulated Brillouin scattering. Time resolved Thomson scattering in frequency and wavenumber space, has permitted to observe the dispersion relation of the waves as a function of the laser intensity. Apart from observing ion acoustic waves associated with a strong second component is observed at laser intensities above 10{sup 13}Wcm{sup {minus}2}.

Baldis, H.A.; Labaune, C.; Renard, N. [Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France)] [and others

1994-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

485

Development of a strong field helicon plasma source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed a high-density helicon plasma source with a very strong field of up to 10 kG. Using a double-loop antenna wound around a quartz tube, 9.5 cm in inner diameter and 90 cm in axial length, initial plasmas with a high density more than 10{sup 13} cm{sup -3} were successfully produced with a radio frequency power less than a few kilowatts, and with changing magnetic fields, fill pressures, and gas species.

Shinohara, Shunjiro; Mizokoshi, Hiroshi [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Engineering Characterization of Strong Ground Motion Recorded at Rock Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to define the engineering characteristics of strong ground motion recorded at rock sites. Particular emphasis is placed upon resolving the factors that control the shape of response spectra in both WNA (western North America) and ENA (central and eastern North America) tectonic environments. To accomplish this objective, a simple band-limited white noise (BLWN) ground motion model employing a constant-stress-drop, single-corner-frequency, omega-square source combined with...

1995-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

487

Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study  

SciTech Connect

Data centers require continuous air conditioning to address high internal heat loads (heat release from equipment) and maintain indoor temperatures within recommended operating levels for computers. Air economizer cycles, which bring in large amounts of outside air to cool internal loads when weather conditions are favorable, could save cooling energy. There is reluctance from many data center owners to use this common cooling technique, however, due to fear of introducing pollutants and potential loss of humidity control. Concerns about equipment failure from airborne pollutants lead to specifying as little outside air as permissible for human occupants. To investigate contamination levels, particle monitoring was conducted at 8 data centers in Northern California. Particle counters were placed at 3 to 4 different locations within and outside of each data center evaluated in this study. Humidity was also monitored at many of the sites to determine how economizers affect humidity control. Results from this study indicate that economizers do increase the outdoor concentration in data centers, but this concentration, when averaged annually, is still below current particle concentration limits. Study results are summarized below: (1) The average particle concentrations measured at each location, both outside and at the servers, are shown in Table 1. Measurements show low particle concentrations at all data centers without economizers, regardless of outdoor particle concentrations. Particle concentrations were typically an order of magnitude below both outside particle concentrations and recently published ASHRAE standards. (2) Economizer use caused sharp increases in particle concentrations when the economizer vents were open. The particle concentration in the data centers, however, quickly dropped back to pre-economizer levels when the vents closed. Since economizers only allow outside air part of the time, the annual average concentrations still met the ASHRAE standards. However, concentration were still above the levels measured in data centers that do not use economizers (3) Current filtration in data centers is minimal (ASHRAE 40%) since most air is typically recycled. When using economizers, modest improvements in filtration (ASHRAE 85%) can reduce particle concentrations to nearly match the level found in data centers that do not use economizers. The extra cost associated with improve filters was not determined in this study. (4) Humidity was consistent and within the ASHRAE recommended levels for all data centers without economizers. Results show that, while slightly less steady, humidity in data centers with economizers can also be controlled within the ASHRAE recommended levels. However, this control of humidity reduces energy savings by limiting the hours the economizer vents are open. (5) The potential energy savings from economizer use has been measured in one data center. When economizers were active, mechanical cooling power dropped by approximately 30%. Annual savings at this center is estimated within the range of 60-80 MWh/year, representing approximately a 5% savings off the mechanical energy load of the data center. Incoming temperatures and humidity at this data center were conservative relative to the ASHRAE acceptable temperature and humidity ranges. Greater savings may be available if higher temperature humidity levels in the data center area were permitted. The average particle concentrations measured at each of the eight data center locations are shown in Table 1. The data centers ranged in size from approximately 5,000 ft{sup 2} to 20,000 ft{sup 2}. The indoor concentrations and humidity in Table 1 represents measurements taken at the server rack. Temperature measurements at the server rack consistently fell between 65-70 F. The Findings section contains a discussion of the individual findings from each center. Data centers currently operate under very low contamination levels. Economizers can be expected to increase the particle concentration in data centers, but the increase appears to still be

Shehabi, Arman; Tschudi, William; Gadgil, Ashok

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

488

Strongly coupled ionic mixtures and the H/He EOS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes recent work on the strongly coupled OCP and Binary Ionic Mixture equation of state and other thermodynamic quantities in white dwarf interior conditions for both fluid and solid phases with the assumption of a uniform background. Conditions for phase separation of different elements in fluid or solid phases is strongly dependent on deviations from the linear mixing rule which gives the equation of state as an additive function of the OCP equation of state. These deviations turn out to be small (a few parts in 10{sup 5}) and always positive including the case where the fraction of the higher Z component approaches 0. Also the equation of state of strongly coupled light elements (H and He particularly) obtained from simulations with a linear response description of the electrons is given for conditions appropriate to brown dwarf star interiors. Recent Livermore work on a band structure calculation of the enthalpy of H and He mixtures under jovian conditions is discussed. This work leads to a prediction of a high temperature (15,000 K) for miscibility of He in ionized H at 10 Mb.

DeWitt, H.E.

1993-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

489

Weak and Strong coupling regimes in plasmonic-QED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a quantum theory for the interaction of a two level emitter with surface plasmon polaritons confined in single-mode waveguide resonators. Based on the Green's function approach, we develop the conditions for the weak and strong coupling regimes by taking into account the sources of dissipation and decoherence: radiative and non-radiative decays, internal loss processes in the emitter, as well as propagation and leakage losses of the plasmons in the resonator. The theory is supported by numerical calculations for several quantum emitters, GaAs and CdSe quantum dots and NV centers together with different types of resonators constructed of hybrid, cylindrical or wedge waveguides. We further study the role of temperature and resonator length. Assuming realistic leakage rates, we find the existence of an optimal length at which strong coupling is possible. Our calculations show that the strong coupling regime in plasmonic resonators is accessible within current technology when working at very low temperatures (<4K). In the weak coupling regime our theory accounts for recent experimental results. By further optimization we find highly enhanced spontaneous emission with Purcell factors over 1000 at room temperature for NV-centers. We finally discuss more applications for quantum nonlinear optics and plasmon-plasmon interactions.

T. Hümmer; F. J. García-Vidal; L. Martín-Moreno; D. Zueco

2012-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

490

Simulations of transonic shock-tube flow with a model micro-cylinder in the driver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A unique hand-held needle-free powder injection system, using a transient shock-tube flow to deliver powder genes and drugs into human skin for a wide range of treatments, has been proposed. In the development of such devices, a strong non-linear phenomenon, ... Keywords: Laminar, Separation, Shock-tube, Simulation, Transition, Turbulence

Yi Liu; Mark A. F. Kendall

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Assessing the Economic Viability of Bio-based Products for Missouri Value-added Crop Production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

While research and development on biobased products has continued strong over the years, parallel attention on the economics and management of such product innovation has been lacking. With the financial support of the Department of Energy, the Economics and Management of Agrobiotechnology Center at the University of Missouri-Columbia has launched a pilot graduate education program that seeks to fill the gap. Within this context, a multi-disciplinary research and teaching program has been structured with an emphasis on new product and innovation economics and management. More specifically, this pilot graduate education program has the following major objectives: (1) To provide students with a strong background in innovation economics, management, and strategy. (2) To diversify the students academic background with coursework in science and technology. (3) To familiarize the student with biobased policy initiatives through interaction with state and national level organizations and policymakers. (4) To facilitate active collaboration with industry involved in the development and production of biobased products. The pilot education program seeks to develop human capital and research output. Although the research is, initially, focused on issues related to the State of Missouri, the results are expected to have national implications for the economy, producers, consumers and environment.

Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

492

EIA - AEO2010 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Trends in Economic Activity Real gross domestic product returns to its pre-recession level by 2011 AEO2010 presents three views of economic growth (Figure 31). The rate of growth in real GDP depends on assumptions about labor force growth and productivity. In the Reference case, growth in real GDP averages 2.4 percent per year. Figure 31. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labot force, and productivity in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 32. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 33. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2008-2035

493

Use Feedwater Economizers for Waste Heat Recovery  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP tip sheet on feedwater economizers for waste heat recovery provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Community Economic Analysis Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Economic Analysis Guide Community Economic Analysis Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Community Economic Analysis How-to manual Agency/Company /Organization: R. Hustedde, R. Shaffer, G. Pulver Phase: Create a Vision, Determine Baseline User Interface: Website Website: www.epa.gov/greenkit/pdfs/howto.pdf 100 page manual on how to analyze a community's economy. Useful for those not interested in building a detailed model. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Community_Economic_Analysis_Guide&oldid=332592" Categories: Tools Community Energy Tools What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

495

Economizers; a Field Perspective and Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economizers; a Field Perspective and Case Studies Economizers; a Field Perspective and Case Studies Speaker(s): David Sellers Date: January 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Liping Wang Economizers are a common HVAC process with the potential to deliver significant energy savings by using outdoor air cooling to offset internal loads. But evidence from the field suggests that their track record is not good in terms of delivering those savings. This talk will provide a field perspective on some of the issues behind the poor track record, frequently illustrated with mini-case studies, and will conclude with a case study of a dysfunctional economizer in a cold environment and how the problem it was having was corrected by applying some of the concepts discussed earlier in the talk

496

Taking Economics Seriously in US Energy Policy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Taking Economics Seriously in US Energy Policy Speaker(s): Severin Borenstein Date: October 22, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Description: From environmental externalities, to...

497

Publication Price Quantity Total Economic Outlook Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Work in WV 2010 20.00$ $ Other Studies >> The Economic Impact of the Natural Gas Industry and the Marcellus Shale Development in West Virginia in 2009 20.00$ ___________ >> Consensus Coal Production

Mohaghegh, Shahab

498

Malaysia: economic transformation advances oil palm industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Malaysia is currently the world’s largest exporter of palm oil although it is the second-largest producer of the oil after neighboring Indonesia. Malaysia: economic transformation advances oil palm industry Inform Magazine Biofuels and Bioproducts and Bi

499

HVAC Energy Recovery Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENRECO has prepared this paper on HVAC energy recovery to provide the engineer with an overview of the design engineering as well as the economic analysis considerations necessary to evaluate the potential benefits of energy recovery.

Kinnier, R. J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z