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Sample records for drivers index click

  1. Using NASA-Task Load Index to Assess Drivers' Workload on Freeway Guide Sign Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using NASA-Task Load Index to Assess Drivers' Workload on Freeway Guide Sign Structures Fengxiang are carefully analyzed using the NASA-Task Load Index. With the statistical analyses of questionnaires

  2. Step 2: Click on the test title Step 3: Click on the test score

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Step 2: Click on the test title Step 3: Click on the test score Step 1: Click on "My Grades" For assistance, contact UITS-HuskyTech, (860) 486 - 4357 (HELP); HelpCenter@uconn.edu How to view test results taking a test in HuskyCT and when that information becomes available. Minimal information may be visible

  3. 9. Driver's Age 13. Driver's Date of Birth 14. Driver's Social Security Number 19. Driver's Telephone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    of Accident (city, state; if on a highway, give number and nearest community) DRIVER INFORMATION OTHER VEHICLE OR PROPERTY Occupied Unoccupied 17. Driver's Age VEHICLE OPERATED BY UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEE Occupied Unoccupied 8. Driver's Name 16. Driver's Name TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY VEHICLE ACCIDENT REPORT NAME AND ADDRESS AREA

  4. Using the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    - Search Index Step 2: Entering a Search Term or Phrase 1. Locate the downloaded file, right click on it, select "Extract all", extract it to any location on your computer or...

  5. Share Share Joanna Curran (click for high-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, Joanna C.

    Share Share Joanna Curran (click for high- res version) Print this story Email this story Contact is the best way to deal with this predicament? That's what Joanna Curran of the University of Virginia School of Engineering and Applied Science is trying to find out. Curran, an assistant professor of civil

  6. Click here to start What are Germs?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Andrew

    people if they sneeze or cough on you. Click on Mr. Sneeze to find out about colds. Oh no... 2 days later with your friend who has a cold. You can catch a cold from other people if they sneeze or cough on you. #12 are viruses. · You should cover your mouth when you sneeze and cough to stop spreading coughs and colds

  7. Incremental Clicks Impact Of Mobile Search Advertising Shaun Lysen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Incremental Clicks Impact Of Mobile Search Advertising Shaun Lysen Google Inc. Abstract In this research, we examine how the number of mobile organic clicks changes when advertisers significantly change to mobile search advertising. A metastudy of 327 advertisers re- veals that 88% of ad clicks are incremental

  8. > REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varvarigo, Emmanouel "Manos"

    . Index Terms-- Flexible Optical Networking, Optical OFDM, Energy Efficiency, Cost Analysis I are essential to achieve cost and energy efficiency. Additionally, the break-even cost of the flexible E the vision of spectrum-and-rate flexible networking. In [5] an excellent overview of the drivers

  9. Click to edit Master subtitle style Internship Development Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Click to edit Master subtitle style 12 3 2 NCARB Internship Development Program Basic information (Q&A) ARC Workshop for Architecture By: Hyesun Jeong #12;Click to edit Master subtitle style 12 3 2 Q1. What's IDP? : The Intern Development Program is an essential step in the path to become

  10. Market Drivers for Biofuels | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Market Drivers for Biofuels Market Drivers for Biofuels This presentation, entitled "Market Drivers for Biofuels," was given at the Third Annual MSW to Biofuels Summit in February,...

  11. Click to edit Master title style ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURE, CONSTRUCTION,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Click to edit Master title style ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURE, CONSTRUCTION, ENVIRONMENTAL & Federal · Business & Technology Services · Construction/Design ­ Build · Energy · Environmental · Global · Combustion Improvement Programs · High Voltage Design · Substations and Transmission Lines · Controls Systems

  12. Modular ‘Click-in-Emulsion’ Bone-Targeted Nanogels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Daniel A.

    A new class of nanogel demonstrates modular biodistribution and affinity for bone. Nanogels, ~70 nm in diameter and synthesized via an astoichiometric click-chemistry in-emulsion method, controllably display residual, free ...

  13. How to Use Crazy Egg for Click Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Crazy Egg is an analytics tool that collects information about where users click on Web pages. It creates visual representations of the information that show how popular or unpopular individual...

  14. Drivers, Trends and Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanco, Arthur S.; Gerlagh, Reyer; Suh, Sangwon; Barrett, John A.; de Coninck, Heleen; Diaz Morejon, Cristobal Felix; Mathur, Ritu; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Ahenkorah, Alfred Ofosu; Pan, Jiahua; Pathak, Himanshu; Rice, Jake; Richels, Richard G.; Smith, Steven J.; Stern, David; Toth, Ferenc L.; Zhou, Peter

    2014-12-01

    Chapter 5 analyzes the anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emission trends until the present and the main drivers that explain those trends. The chapter uses different perspectives to analyze past GHG-emissions trends, including aggregate emissions flows and per capita emissions, cumulative emissions, sectoral emissions, and territory-based vs. consumption-based emissions. In all cases, global and regional trends are analyzed. Where appropriate, the emission trends are contextualized with long-term historic developments in GHG emissions extending back to 1750.

  15. Approaches to enhance driver situational assessment aids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Eric M. (Eric Michael)

    2007-01-01

    Collision warning systems encounter a fundamental trade-off between providing the driver more time in which to respond and alerting the driver unnecessarily. The probability that a driver successfully avoids a hazard ...

  16. Uncovering Quantum Correlations with Time-Multiplexed Click Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Sperling; M. Bohmann; W. Vogel; G. Harder; B. Brecht; V. Ansari; C. Silberhorn

    2015-07-07

    We report on the implementation of a time-multiplexed click detection scheme to probe quantum correlations between different spatial optical modes. We demonstrate that such measurement setups can uncover nonclassical correlations in multimode light fields even if the single mode reductions are purely classical. The nonclassical character of correlated photon pairs, generated by a parametric down-conversion, is immediately measurable employing the theory of click counting instead of low-intensity approximations with photoelectric detection models. The analysis is based on second- and higher-order moments, which are directly retrieved from the measured click statistics, for relatively high mean photon numbers. No data postprocessing is required to demonstrate the effects of interest with high significance, despite low efficiencies and experimental imperfections. Our approach shows that such novel detection schemes are a reliable and robust way to characterize quantum-correlated light fields for practical applications in quantum communications.

  17. The Static Driver Verifier Research Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    of Bebop! #12;Device Driver Interface KeAcquire SpinLock KeRelease SpinLock Driver Entry Point I/O Manager Device Driver Interface Model KeAcquire SpinLock KeRelease SpinLock Driver Entry Point I/O Manager Model(s==locked) { abort "The driver has returned from an entry point without releasing the lock.";}} #12;Sample Driver

  18. Solar So Simple It Is Just a Click Away | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solar So Simple It Is Just a Click Away Solar So Simple It Is Just a Click Away May 6, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incubator 6 awardee Sun Number converts complex aerial data into an...

  19. Agents, Bookmarks and Clicks: A topical model of Web navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramasco, José Javier

    Agents, Bookmarks and Clicks: A topical model of Web navigation Mark R. Meiss1,3 Bruno Gonçalves1 has shown that the standard Markovian model of Web navigation is a poor predictor of actual Web traffic. Using empirical data, we characterize several properties of Web traffic that cannot be reproduced

  20. Click here to print Marathon robot: 'Ranger' sets a world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruina, Andy L.

    . Professor Ruina said: 'Our challenge is to lower the energy use while still maintaining balance, 'TheClick here to print Marathon robot: 'Ranger' sets a world record by walking 40.5 miles non a new world record after their robot walked 40.5 miles on a single battery charge without stopping

  1. Policy Brief For more policy briefs, click here.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Policy Brief March 2014 For more policy briefs, click here. Sustainable Communities: Implementation@ucdavis.edu Gian-Claudia Sciara, sciara@ucdavis.edu Policy Forum Series: January to March 2014 Issue California, the UC Davis Policy Institute for Energy, Environment and the Economy and the National Center

  2. User-click Modeling for Understanding and Predicting Search-behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Qiang

    . Categories and Subject Descriptors H.3.3 [Information Search and Retrieval]: General Terms AlgorithmsUser-click Modeling for Understanding and Predicting Search-behavior Yuchen Zhang1 , Weizhu Chen1 advances in search users' click modeling consider both users' search queries and click/skip behavior

  3. Post-Click Conversion Modeling and Analysis for Non-Guaranteed Delivery Display Advertising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosales, Rómer E.

    Post-Click Conversion Modeling and Analysis for Non-Guaranteed Delivery Display Advertising Rómer advertising, the click-trough rate (CTR) has been traditionally a key measure of ad/ cam- paign effectiveness advertising. In particular we focus on the post-click conversion (PCC) problem or the analysis of con

  4. Classification of Risso’s and Pacific white-sided dolphins using spectral properties of echolocation clicks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soldevilla, M S; Henderson, E Elizabeth; Campbell, Greg S; Wiggins, S M; Hildebrand, John A; Roch, Marie A

    2008-01-01

    False killer whales Pseudorca crassidens and Risso’sand false killer whale ?Pseudorca crassidens? clicks are

  5. Fighting Online Click-Fraud Using Bluff Ads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    2010-01-01

    Online advertising is currently the greatest source of revenue for many Internet giants. The increased number of specialized websites and modern profiling techniques, have all contributed to an explosion of the income of ad brokers from online advertising. The single biggest threat to this growth, is however, click-fraud. Trained botnets and even individuals are hired by click-fraud specialists in order to maximize the revenue of certain users from the ads they publish on their websites, or to launch an attack between competing businesses. In this note we wish to raise the awareness of the networking research community on potential research areas within this emerging field. As an example strategy, we present Bluff ads; a class of ads that join forces in order to increase the effort level for click-fraud spammers. Bluff ads are either targeted ads, with irrelevant display text, or highly relevant display text, with irrelevant targeting information. They act as a litmus test for the legitimacy of the individual...

  6. UWB dual burst transmit driver

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dallum, Gregory E. (Livermore, CA); Pratt, Garth C. (Discovery Bay, CA); Haugen, Peter C. (Livermore, CA); Zumstein, James M. (Livermore, CA); Vigars, Mark L. (Livermore, CA); Romero, Carlos E. (Livermore, CA)

    2012-04-17

    A dual burst transmitter for ultra-wideband (UWB) communication systems generates a pair of precisely spaced RF bursts from a single trigger event. An input trigger pulse produces two oscillator trigger pulses, an initial pulse and a delayed pulse, in a dual trigger generator. The two oscillator trigger pulses drive a gated RF burst (power output) oscillator. A bias driver circuit gates the RF output oscillator on and off and sets the RF burst packet width. The bias driver also level shifts the drive signal to the level that is required for the RF output device.

  7. Revisiting the parameterization of potential evaporation as a driver of long-term water balance trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Aiguo

    /or Runoff. Most regions in the world lie in the continuum between the water and energy limits, reachingRevisiting the parameterization of potential evaporation as a driver of long-term water balance, evaporative flux and runoff simulated by the water balance model underlying the Palmer Drought Severity Index

  8. INDEX | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    INDEX INDEX INDEX More Documents & Publications untitled PTXCMP.pdf Policy Flash 2010-79 Attachment 2...

  9. Marvell Nanolab Member login Lab Manual Index Mercury Web Berkeley Microlab Chapter 8.24

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healy, Kevin Edward

    Marvell Nanolab Member login Lab Manual Index Mercury Web Berkeley Microlab Chapter 8.24 Netscope device). This microscope can do both bright field and dark field imaging. 4.0 Applicable Documents the focus as needed. 9.5 Dark field: You can select dark field mode by clicking on the DF button on the Ergo

  10. Predicting the Click-Through-Rate of Advertisements for Sponsored Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

    green tea $0.3 green tea $0.4 green tea from china $0.5 green tea for weight loss $1.00 ·Advertiser bids tea" and advertiser's bidded phrase "green tea from china" Today's talk will focus on advance match(click|query,ad) time- stamp cookie Query Title Creative URL Pos Click ? 110298 dskhjfH green tea

  11. Click Chemistry in Generation of Mammalian Acetylome to Study Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibley, Robert

    2011-08-08

    . These proteins were then isolated and visualized using the integration of click reaction into a horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labeling system. Since no bands were visualized in the 17 kDa range (the size of HDACs), this data does not support the use of click...

  12. Incremental Clicks Impact Of Search Advertising David X. Chan, Yuan Yuan, Jim Koehler, Deepak Kumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Incremental Clicks Impact Of Search Advertising David X. Chan, Yuan Yuan, Jim Koehler, Deepak Kumar the fraction of total clicks that can be attributed to search advertising. A meta-analysis of several hundred to the advertiser's site would not have occurred without the ad campaigns. 1 Introduction In recent years

  13. Drivers of Future Energy Demand

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table272/S The National Interim7141. Total3.9Drivers

  14. Design consistency and driver error as reflected by driver workload and accident rates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wooldridge, Mark Douglas

    1992-01-01

    DESIGN CONSISTENCY AND DRIVER ERROR AS REFLECTED BY DRIVER WORKLOAD AND ACCIDENT RATES A Thesis by MARK DOUGLAS WOOLDRIDGE Approved as to style and content by: Daniel B. Fambro (Chair of Committee) Raymond A. Krammes (Member) Olga J.... Pendleton (Member) James T. P. Yao (Head of Department) May 1992 ABSTRACT Design Consistency and Driver Error as Reflected by Driver Workload and Accident Rates (May 1992) Mark Douglas Wooldridge, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory...

  15. Construction of a driver-vehicle model and identification of the driver model parameters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Jemeng

    1981-01-01

    CONSTRUCTION OF A DRIVER-VEHICLE MODEL AND IDENTIFICATION OF THE DRIVER MODEL PARAMETERS A Thesis by , JEMENG SU Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requiremr nt for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1981 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering CONSTRUCTION OF A DRIVER-VEHICLE MODEL AND IDENTIFICATION OF THE DRIVER MODEL PARAMETERS A Thesis by JEMENG SU Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committe ) / I...

  16. Older Emergency Department Drivers: Patterns, Behaviors, and Willingness to Enroll in a Safe Driver Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiffler, Kirk A; Wilber, Scott T

    2011-01-01

    of Address for Correspondence: Kirk A. Stiffler, MD, Summain a Safe Driver Program Kirk A. Stiffler, MD Scott T.

  17. 9, 1443714473, 2012 Soil carbon drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ickert-Bond, Steffi

    BGD 9, 14437­14473, 2012 Soil carbon drivers and benchmarks in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd if available. Causes of variation in soil carbon predictions from CMIP5 Earth system models and comparison #12;BGD 9, 14437­14473, 2012 Soil carbon drivers and benchmarks in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd

  18. In-car Airway Options for NASCAR Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyreyes, Jonathan Q; Grange, Jeff; Smith, Dustin; Jin, Peter; Guldner, Greg

    2008-01-01

    Medicine Background: “Stock car” drivers may require anpresentation pregnancy. In-car Airway Options for NASCARhelmeted, and apneic stock car driver simulation model.

  19. Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term? Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape...

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Gate Driver Optimizatio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Gate Driver Optimization for WBG Applications Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Gate Driver Optimization for WBG Applications Presentation given by Oak Ridge National...

  1. Analyzing Fuel Saving Opportunities through Driver Feedback Mechanisms...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Analyzing Fuel Saving Opportunities through Driver Feedback Mechanisms Analyzing Fuel Saving Opportunities through Driver Feedback Mechanisms 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

  2. Cumulative Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CUMULATIVE INDEX I. Articles (i) By Author Abate, Charles J. "Has Dretske Really Refuted Skepticism?", v.4, n.3 (June, 1977), pp. 169- 175. Abugattas, Juan A. "On the Relation Between Morality and the Notion of God". v.7, n.l (November, 1979...), pp. 47-81. Algeo, Donald. "Why Art?", v.7, n.2 (Spring, 1980), pp. 105-129. Austin, James W. "Rorty's Materialism", v.3, n.l (November, 1975), pp. 20-28. Bell, Gary. "A Characterization of Mathematics". v.8, n.2 (Summer, 1981), pp. 96-104. Bell...

  3. Got Traffic? An Evaluation of Click Traffic Providers Qing Zhang, Thomas Ristenpart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    and Subject Descriptors H.3.5 [Information Systems]: On-line Information Service--Com- mercial services, Web- ondary traffic-selling ecosystem -- comprising traffic vendors who will contract to deliver clicks

  4. STUDENT WEB REGISTRATION INSTRUCTIONS To access the Student Administration Services menu, click on the inside.uthscsa (portal) link on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Bruce J.

    to add, click on the button. To add a class, enter the class number and click or Search for a class using://inside.uthscsa.edu/. Enter your UTHSCSA domain user id and password and click on . (Your UTHSCSA domain user id and password academic" pulldown menu. You may see multiple terms listed. If so, choose the one you want and click . #12

  5. Solar Supply Chain and Market Driver Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Nicholas 1990-

    2012-05-09

    This study aims to explore the evolution of the photovoltaic supply chain in the United States and the drivers which foster growth of the solar market. The study will gather knowledge on the growth of the solar market and ...

  6. Drawing driver's attention to potentially dangerous objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurugöl, Orc?un

    2008-01-01

    Drivers often have difficulties noticing potentially dangerous objects due to weather or lighting conditions or when their field of view is restricted. This thesis presents a display method for potentially dangerous objects ...

  7. Workshop on transport for a common ion driver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olson, C.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Lee, E. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Langdon, B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1994-12-31

    This report contains research in the following areas related to beam transport for a common ion driver: multi-gap acceleration; neutralization with electrons; gas neutralization; self-pinched transport; HIF and LIF transport, and relevance to common ion driver; LIF and HIF reactor concepts and relevance to common ion driver; atomic physics for common ion driver; code capabilities and needed improvement.

  8. Driver expectancy in locating automotive controls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis, Dawn Suzette

    1990-01-01

    DRIVER EXPECTANCY IN LOCATING AUTOMOTIVE CONTROLS A Thesis by DAWN SUZETTE FRANCIS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990... Major Subject: Industrial Engineering DRIVER EXPECTANCY IN LOCATING AUTOMOTIVE CONTROLS A Thesis by DAWN SUZETTE FRANCIS Approved as to style and content by: R. Dale Huchi son (Chair of Committee) Rodger . . ppa (Member) Waymon L ohnston (M er...

  9. Risso's and Pacific white-sided dolphins in the Southern California Bight : using echolocation clicks to study dolphin ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soldevilla, Melissa Sue

    2008-01-01

    of false killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens) vocalizations,"false killer whales Pseudorca crassidens and Risso'sand false killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens) clicks are

  10. Local Danger Warnings for Drivers: The Effect of Modality and Level of Assistance on Driver Reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    Local Danger Warnings for Drivers: The Effect of Modality and Level of Assistance on Driver¨ucken, Germany christian.mueller@dfki.de ABSTRACT Local danger warning is an important function of Advanced presentation) is particularly crucial to a successful danger avoidance. We present a user study investigating

  11. March 24, 2008 ADBS: Index 1 Indexing Structures for Files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam, Salah

    , the binary search cost would be: log2b= log230000= 15 block accesses #12;March 24, 2008 ADBS: Index 6March 24, 2008 ADBS: Index 1 Indexing Structures for Files #12;March 24, 2008 ADBS: Index 2 Chapter Outline Indexes as Access Paths Single Level Indexes Primary Indexes Clustering Indexes Secondary Indexes

  12. Selected Texas Driver Education Instructors’ Feelings About A Driver Education Cultural Awareness Survey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saint, Nina Jo

    2012-07-16

    in equitable roles,? and ?images of teenager drivers;? and (2) Instructors did not agree on how a survey instrument should be administered. iv DEDICATION This work is dedicated to the young drivers who drive me to continue to work towards ensuring... that high quality and equitable driver and traffic safety education will be offered that will provide them the knowledge and skills that they can use to avoid traffic crashes and stay alive on our roadways. In addition, this work is dedicated to traffic...

  13. Fact #574: June 8, 2009 Vehicles per Licensed Driver Rising

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The number of vehicles in operation per licensed driver has risen steadily since 1950. In 1985, for the first time, there was one vehicle for every licensed driver. Since 1985, the number of...

  14. Long run changes in driver behavior due to variable tolls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konduru, Karun K.

    2004-09-30

    As many variable pricing projects are still in the implementation stage, long-run driver responses to the variable tolls are largely unknown. This research examined the long-run changes in driver behavior in an existing ...

  15. Nucleic acid indexing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

    1999-01-01

    A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

  16. Nucleic acid indexing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

    2001-01-01

    A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

  17. Constructing Social Intentional Corpora to Predict Click-Through Rate for Search Advertising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constructing Social Intentional Corpora to Predict Click-Through Rate for Search Advertising Yi provide placements next to the original search results for advertisers on specific keywords. Since users often search for their interests or purchasing decision, timely presenting proper advertisements

  18. Click to edit Master title styleDATA CENTER DATA CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    Click to edit Master title styleDATA CENTER DATA CENTER Make sense of your data David Brock, Founder and Director Data Center Massachusetts Institute of Technology #12;PROBLEM What are you going to do with all your Data? #12;PROBLEM #12;DATA CENTER DATA CENTER Make sense of your data #12;VISION

  19. WindMine: Fast and Effective Mining of Web-click Sequences Yasushi Sakurai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WindMine: Fast and Effective Mining of Web-click Sequences Yasushi Sakurai NTT Communication, patterns and anomalies? We have developed a novel method, WindMine, and its fine-tuning sibling, Wind of sequences (WindMine-part), with little loss of accuracy. We examine the effectiveness and scalability by per

  20. For more policy briefs, click here. Policy Brief 2014-03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    For more policy briefs, click here. Policy Brief 2014-03 Energy and Climate Experts Find Wide Range is a leader in developing and implementing policies that reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, improve air or proposed policy targets and policy instruments. The California Climate Policy Modeling (CCPM) is an ongoing

  1. Click here for How to Use this PDF... AcqKnowledge Software Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Click here for How to Use this PDF... AcqKnowledge Software Guide For Life Science Research ® (Windows 98/98SE/2000/ME/XP) #12;2 AcqKnowledge Software Guide AcqKnowledge Software Guide Reference Manual Version 3.7.5 for MP Hardware/Firmware and AcqKnowledge ® Software Versions Macintosh®, PowerMac® Windows

  2. Don't Click Paint! Applying the Painting Metaphor to Query Interfaces and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baudisch, Patrick

    1 Don't Click ­ Paint! Applying the Painting Metaphor to Query Interfaces and Personalization techniques from paint programs can be adopted for manipulating toggle switches. A controlled experiment shows that painting can significantly speed up interfaces containing many toggle switches. To maximize time savings

  3. Don't Click Paint! Using Toggle Maps to Manipulate Sets of Toggle Switches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baudisch, Patrick

    1 Don't Click ­ Paint! Using Toggle Maps to Manipulate Sets of Toggle Switches Patrick Baudisch- niques from paint programs can be adopted for this task. A controlled experiment shows that toggle maps toggles. Efficiency gains result- ing from the paint method open up new application areas

  4. Principal Investigator -Setting up a Project Application Step 1: Click on `Add new'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    on application type Step 4: Complete all relevant data fields · Click on `Save', for the Project Application ID fields are marked with a red asterisk Project App ID will automatically populate when saved. 2 #12;If you' to this question. If you are not sure, please follow the URL to the IS support site. 5 #12;Step 5 a) Save as `DRAFT

  5. California Water and Fish: Drivers of Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Yoram

    California Water and Fish: Drivers of Change Stephanie Carlson Assistant Professor Environmental Matters to Californians Water Supply Recreation Ecosystem Housing Agriculture Infrastructure Slide;Ecological Impacts of Delta Water Diversion/Use #12;Key Issues in the Delta 1. Water infrastructure

  6. Intercept: Profiling Windows Network Device Drivers* Manuel Mendona Nuno Neves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neves, Nuno

    testing, or reverse engineering. Experi- ments using Ethernet, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth device drivers show the device driver under test is subject to a heavy workload. Keywords. Device drivers; profiling not release openly the code, or even the hardware specifications. Therefore, the de- velopment, testing

  7. Page 1 of 3 Georgia Drivers License and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Page 1 of 3 Georgia Drivers License and U.S. Social Security Card Information for International Students Do I need a Georgia driver's license or Social Security card? What are the benefits? Generally speaking, a U.S. driver's license is the most common form of day-to-day identification in the U.S. because

  8. Market Drivers for Biofuels | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial Report ManagementMarine & Hydrokinetic »Market Drivers for

  9. Click grafting of seaweed bioactive polysaccharides onto PVC surfaces using ionic liquid as green solvent and catalyst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Click grafting of seaweed bioactive polysaccharides onto PVC surfaces using ionic liquid as green solvent and catalyst Sandra Bigota , Guy Louarnb , Nasreddine Kébir*a and Fabrice Burela a Normandie

  10. Properties of Electricity Prices and the Drivers of Interconnector Revenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parail, Vladimir

    Properties of Electricity Prices and the Drivers of Interconnector Revenue Vladimir Parail November 2010 CWPE 1059 & EPRG 1033 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk E P R G W O R K IN G P A P E R Abstract... Properties of Electricity Prices and the Drivers of Interconnector Revenue EPRG Working Paper 1033 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 1059 Vladimir Parail This paper examines the drivers behind revenues of merchant electricity...

  11. ION ACCELERATORS AS DRIVERS FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faltens, A.

    2010-01-01

    AS DRIVERS FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION Andris Faltens,ENERGY PRODUCTION VIA INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSIONFor inertial confinement fusion (ICF) to lead to net energy

  12. Microsoft Word - ContractManagementPlanningDRIVERS.doc | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ContractManagementPlanningDRIVERS.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - ARRAAttachment2.doc Microsoft Word - ARRAModelWAS.doc Microsoft Word - ARRAMOModelMod.doc...

  13. Superconnections and Index Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahle, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    We investigate index theory in the context of Dirac operators coupled to superconnections. In particular, we prove a local index theorem for such operators, and for families of such operators. We investigate eta-invariants and prove an APS-theorem, and construct a geometric determinant line bundle for families of such operators, computing its curvature and holonomy in terms of familiar index theoretic quantities.

  14. Inertially confined fusion using heavy ion drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herrmannsfeldt, W.B.; Bangerter, R.O.; Bock, R.; Hogan, W.J.; Lindl, J.D.

    1991-10-01

    The various technical issues of HIF will be briefly reviewed in this paper. It will be seen that there are numerous areas in common in all the approaches to HIF. In the recent International Symposium on Heavy Ion Inertial Fusion, the attendees met in specialized workshop sessions to consider the needs for research in each area. Each of the workshop groups considered the key questions of this report: (1) Is this an appropriate time for international collaboration in HIF? (2) Which problems are most appropriate for such collaboration? (3) Can the sharing of target design information be set aside until other driver and systems issues are better resolved, by which time it might be supposed that there could be a relaxation of classification of target issues? (4) What form(s) of collaboration are most appropriate, e.g., bilateral or multilateral? (5) Can international collaboration be sensibly attempted without significant increases in funding for HIF? The authors of this report share the conviction that collaboration on a broad scale is mandatory for HIF to have the resources, both financial and personnel, to progress to a demonstration experiment. Ultimately it may be possible for a single driver with the energy, power, focusibility, and pulse shape to satisfy the needs of the international community for target physics research. Such a facility could service multiple experimental chambers with a variety of beam geometries and target concepts.

  15. Inertially confined fusion using heavy ion drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herrmannsfeldt, W.B. ); Bangerter, R.O. ); Bock, R. ); Hogan, W.J.; Lindl, J.D. )

    1991-10-01

    The various technical issues of HIF will be briefly reviewed in this paper. It will be seen that there are numerous areas in common in all the approaches to HIF. In the recent International Symposium on Heavy Ion Inertial Fusion, the attendees met in specialized workshop sessions to consider the needs for research in each area. Each of the workshop groups considered the key questions of this report: (1) Is this an appropriate time for international collaboration in HIF (2) Which problems are most appropriate for such collaboration (3) Can the sharing of target design information be set aside until other driver and systems issues are better resolved, by which time it might be supposed that there could be a relaxation of classification of target issues (4) What form(s) of collaboration are most appropriate, e.g., bilateral or multilateral (5) Can international collaboration be sensibly attempted without significant increases in funding for HIF The authors of this report share the conviction that collaboration on a broad scale is mandatory for HIF to have the resources, both financial and personnel, to progress to a demonstration experiment. Ultimately it may be possible for a single driver with the energy, power, focusibility, and pulse shape to satisfy the needs of the international community for target physics research. Such a facility could service multiple experimental chambers with a variety of beam geometries and target concepts.

  16. A general probabilistic framework for volumetric articulated body pose estimation and driver gesture, activity and intent analysis for human-centric driver assistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Shinko Yuanhsien

    2007-01-01

    Driver body-pose analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Body Pose Estimation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mixture Model . . 4. Learning Pose using EM . . . . . .

  17. Updated 6/9/2015 Louisiana Driver's License

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Updated 6/9/2015 Louisiana Driver's License http://omv.dps.state.la.us/ or www on your status to be issued a driver's license, as indicated by the end date on your I-20, DS-2019 will NOT be issued a license with validity that includes the 60 or 30 grace period permitted at the end

  18. Nonlinear transmission line based electron beam driver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    French, David M.; Hoff, Brad W.; Tang Wilkin; Heidger, Susan; Shiffler, Don [Directed Energy Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States); Allen-Flowers, Jordan [Program in Applied Mathematics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

    2012-12-15

    Gated field emission cathodes can provide short electron pulses without the requirement of laser systems or cathode heating required by photoemission or thermionic cathodes. The large electric field requirement for field emission to take place can be achieved by using a high aspect ratio cathode with a large field enhancement factor which reduces the voltage requirement for emission. In this paper, a cathode gate driver based on the output pulse train from a nonlinear transmission line is experimentally demonstrated. The application of the pulse train to a tufted carbon fiber field emission cathode generates short electron pulses. The pulses are approximately 2 ns in duration with emission currents of several mA, and the train contains up to 6 pulses at a frequency of 100 MHz. Particle-in-cell simulation is used to predict the characteristic of the current pulse train generated from a single carbon fiber field emission cathode using the same technique.

  19. Ris Energy Report 5 Global drivers for transformation of energy systems 3 Global drivers for transformation of energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of greenhouse gases has brought a new political rationale for the development of more climate-friendly energy in the global energy market of rapidly-expanding national economies, notably China and India. TogetherRisø Energy Report 5 Global drivers for transformation of energy systems 3 Global drivers

  20. Advance Indexing July 3, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    the existing index High query performance > contiguous posting list High index maintenance cost #121 Advance Indexing Limock July 3, 2014 #12;2 Papers 1) Gurajada, Sairam : "On-line index in inverted indexes." Proceedings of the 20th ACM international conference on Information and knowledge

  1. Driver performance data acquisition system for ergonomics research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, R.J.; Goodman, M.J.

    1994-12-31

    A portable ergonomics data acquisition system consisting of state-of-the-art hardware being designed is described here. It will be employed to record driver, vehicle, and environment parameter data from a wide range of vehicles and trucks. The system will be unobtrusive to the driver and inconspicuous to the outside world. It will have three modes of data gathering and provide for extended periods of data collection. Modularity, flexibility, and cost will be key drivers in the development effort. The ergonomics data acquisition system project is being conducted in two phases--a feasibility study and a development, construction, and validation phase.

  2. 1. Go to Website: https://portal.cms.gov/wps/portal/unauthportal/home/ 2. Click on New User Registration on the right side of the screen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    1. Go to Website: https://portal.cms.gov/wps/portal/unauthportal/home/ 2. Click on New User click link in #1 above) and login to the portal 2. Select "Request Access Now" 3. Select "Request New screen. 7. Logout and then log back in to the portal. https://portal.cms.gov/wps/portal

  3. Doing a cited reference search in Web of Science 1. from the library home page http://library.mcmaster.ca click on the Articles/Databases Tab,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    Doing a cited reference search in Web of Science 1. from the library home page http://library.mcmaster.ca click on the Articles/Databases Tab, and type "web of science" in the search box; click on the title Web of Science to connect to the database (Note: you may need your MAC ID) 2. on the ISI Web of Knowledge screen

  4. Using EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS) Step 1: Type topic into the Search Box on the Library's Homepage (latech.edu/library/) & click "Search."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Becomes Using EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS) Step 1: Type topic into the Search Box on the Library's Homepage (latech.edu/library/) & click "Search." Step 2: You will get many results . . . too many checks in "Full Text" and type in current years for "Publication Date." Then click "Update" button. #12

  5. Biomedical Informatics (Rev. 11/2014) http://bmi.stanford.edu/biomedical-informatics-students/handbook.html Note: Click headers within the document to return to the Contents Page.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    Biomedical Informatics (Rev. 11/2014) http://bmi.stanford.edu/biomedical-informatics-students/handbook.html Note: Click headers within the document to return to the Contents Page. 1 #12;Biomedical Informatics (Rev. 11/2014) http://bmi.stanford.edu/biomedical-informatics-students/handbook.html Note: Click

  6. BIOSIS Previews / Biological Abstracts Databases 1. At the Library Home Page (http://www.cityu.edu.hk/lib/), click on the Databases tab.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Po, Lai-Man

    on Basic Search 2. Enter search term(s). [Optional] 3.Click on Limits to select options to filter search. 4 on Advanced Search 2.Enter search term(s). 3.Select field to search. Default is Keyword. [Optional] 4.Click option to retrieve specific journal article citations. Use Search Tools to match search terms

  7. FFAG ACCELERATOR PROTON DRIVER FOR NEUTRINO FACTORY.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RUGGIERO, A.

    2005-06-21

    This paper is the summary of a conceptual study of a Proton Driver for Neutrino Factory based on the use of a Fixed-Field Alternating-Gradient (FFAG) Accelerator. The required proton energy range for an optimum neutrino production is 5 to 12 GeV. This can be accomplished with a group of three concentric rings each with 807 m circumference [1]. FFAG Accelerators [2] have the capability to accelerate charged particles over a large momentum range ({+-}30-50%) and the feature of constant bending and focusing fields. Particles can be accelerated very fast at the rate given by the accelerating field of RF cavities placed in proper locations between magnets. The performance of FFAG accelerators is to be placed between that of Super-Conducting Linear Accelerators (SCL), with which they share the fast acceleration rate, and Rapid-Cycling Synchrotrons (RCS), as they allow the beam to re-circulate over fewer revolutions. Brookhaven National Laboratory is involved in the study of feasibility of FFAG Accelerators to accelerate intense beams of protons in the GeV energy range for a variety of applications the most important of which is the Upgrade of the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) with a new FFAG injector [3] accelerating from 400 MeV to 1.5 GeV. The ring would be housed in the AGS tunnel and has henceforth a circumference of 807 m.

  8. Drivers of the US CO2 emissions 1997-2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    drivers of regional carbon dioxide emissions for China. J.D. & Rose, A. Carbon dioxide emissions in the U.S. economy.Analysis of Carbon Dioxide Emission Changes in Germany -

  9. A novel active heads-up display for driver assistance.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doshi, Anup; Cheng, Shinko Yuanhsien; Trivedi, Mohan Manubhai

    2009-01-01

    and P. Green, “The effect of HUD warning location on driverComparison of head-up display (HUD) vs. head-down display (also use heads-up displays (HUDs) to convey information to

  10. An affective intelligent driving agent: driver's trajectory and activities prediction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratti, Carlo

    The traditional relationship between the car, driver, and city can be described as waypoint navigation with additional traffic and maintenance information. The car can receive and store waypoint information, find the ...

  11. Visual Attention and Driver Performance at Horizontal Curves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brimley, Bradford K.

    2014-12-02

    at any location and on any facility. Traffic control devices (TCDs) can be installed at curves to provide drivers the information necessary for safe navigation. The research in this dissertation examines the theory that TCDs at curves are not only...

  12. FlightCrew Browser : a safe browser for drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López-Pineda, Andrés Humberto

    2013-01-01

    Drivers have information needs they want to solve while driving, but current mobile browser interfaces can bring forth safety issues when users browse the web even though their attention is required elsewhere, as it is ...

  13. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Employment & Training Institute Driver's License Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Employment & Training Institute Driver's License Issues-Milwaukee Employment & Training Institute Driver's license obstacles 1. Lack of driver's education in the high schools of unlicensed driving 4. Court-ordered 2-year driver's license suspensions as a tool to collect municipal fines

  14. Science Drivers and Technical Challenges for Advanced Magnetic Resonance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mueller, Karl T.; Pruski, Marek; Washton, Nancy M.; Lipton, Andrew S.

    2013-03-07

    This report recaps the "Science Drivers and Technical Challenges for Advanced Magnetic Resonance" workshop, held in late 2011. This exploratory workshop's goal was to discuss and address challenges for the next generation of magnetic resonance experimentation. During the workshop, participants from throughout the world outlined the science drivers and instrumentation demands for high-field dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) and associated magnetic resonance techniques, discussed barriers to their advancement, and deliberated the path forward for significant and impactful advances in the field.

  15. Look-ahead driver feedback and powertrain management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verma, Rajeev

    2014-12-31

    Commercial medium and heavy vehicles, though only a small portion of total vehicle population, play a significant role in energy consumption. In 2012, these vehicles accounted for about 5775.5 trillion btu of energy consumption and 408.8 million tons of CO2 emissions annually, which is a quarter of the total energy burden of highway transportation in the United States [1]. This number is expected to surpass passenger car fuel use within the next few decades. In the meantime, most commercial vehicle fleets are running at a very low profit margin. It is a well known fact that fuel economy can vary significantly between drivers, even when they operate the same vehicle on the same route. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Natural Resource Canada (NRCan), there is up to 35% fuel economy difference between drivers within the same commercial fleet [2] [3], [4]. Similar results were obtained from a Field Operation Test conducted by Eaton Corporation [5]. During this test as much as 30% fuel economy difference was observed among pick-up-and-delivery drivers and 11% difference was observed among line-haul drivers. The driver variability can be attributed to the fact that different drivers react differently to driving conditions such as road grade, traffic, speed limits, etc. For instance, analysis of over 600k miles of naturalistic heavy duty truck driving data [5] indicates that an experienced driver anticipates a downhill and eases up on the throttle to save fuel while an inexperienced driver lacks this judgment.

  16. AdAlyze Redux: Post-Click and Post-Conversion Text Feature Attribution for Sponsored Search Ads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    AdAlyze Redux: Post-Click and Post-Conversion Text Feature Attribution for Sponsored Search Ads In this paper, we present our ongoing research on an ads quality testing tool that we call AdAlyze Redux of textual ads features, tailored to exactly the ads in an advertiser's set of accounts. This lets them

  17. 2009 Carb Sequestration Workshop Presentations for Download (zipped) 1. Click on Title to go to presentations and download.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniels, Jeffrey J.

    Laboratory Geochemical Tools for Monitoring Geologic Carbon Sequestration, (David Cole, ORNL) Andre Duguid-surface carbon sequestration T.S. Ramakrishnan (Jim Johnson, speaker) Schlumberger Capacity and Injectivity2009 Carb Sequestration Workshop Presentations for Download (zipped) 1. Click on Title to go

  18. Click” Synthesis of Heteroleptic Tris-cyclometalated Iridium(III) Complexes: Cu(I) Triazolide Intermediates as Transmetalating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swager, Timothy Manning

    Efficient synthesis of heteroleptic tris-cyclometalated Ir(III) complexes mer-Ir(C/\\N)[subscript 2](trpy) (trpy = 2-(1H-[1,2,3]triazol-4-yl)pyridine) is achieved by using the Cu(I)-triazolide intermediates formed in “click” ...

  19. September 2008 TIMBER & FORESTRY INDEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are the S&P Emerging Markets Infrastructure Index, the S&P Global Alternative Energy Index, the S&P Global&P Global Alternative Energy Index. Designed to measure investable opportunities in the complete alternative energy space, the S&P Global Alternative Energy Index is the combination of the S&P Global Clean Energy

  20. Site Index - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopment Top Scientific ImpactTechnologies |Site Index Site Index

  1. Game Theoretic Modelling of a Human Driver’s Steering Interaction with Vehicle Active Steering Collision Avoidance System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Na, Xiaoxiang; Cole, David J.

    2014-11-10

    deeper insights into physiological and cognitive behaviours of human drivers so that optimization of present or future driver-automation interfaces, e.g. continuous sharing control [8] becomes a possibility. However, little attention has yet been paid... Model Predictive Control (MPC) and the Linear Quadratic (LQ) dynamic optimization approaches. A. Distributed MPC The idea of distributed MPC was presented in [26] as a practical approach to industrial process control of large-scale systems...

  2. Analyzing Vehicle Fuel Saving Opportunities through Intelligent Driver Feedback

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Earleywine, M.; Sparks, W.

    2012-06-01

    Driving style changes, e.g., improving driver efficiency and motivating driver behavior changes, could deliver significant petroleum savings. This project examines eliminating stop-and-go driving and unnecessary idling, and also adjusting acceleration rates and cruising speeds to ideal levels to quantify fuel savings. Such extreme adjustments can result in dramatic fuel savings of over 30%, but would in reality only be achievable through automated control of vehicles and traffic flow. In real-world driving, efficient driving behaviors could reduce fuel use by 20% on aggressively driven cycles and by 5-10% on more moderately driven trips. A literature survey was conducted of driver behavior influences, and pertinent factors from on-road experiments with different driving styles were observed. This effort highlighted important driver influences such as surrounding vehicle behavior, anxiety over trying to get somewhere quickly, and the power/torque available from the vehicle. Existing feedback approaches often deliver efficiency information and instruction. Three recommendations for maximizing fuel savings from potential drive cycle improvement are: (1) leveraging applications with enhanced incentives, (2) using an approach that is easy and widely deployable to motivate drivers, and (3) utilizing connected vehicle and automation technologies to achieve large and widespread efficiency improvements.

  3. March 29, 2008 ICS 541: Index Structures 1 Index Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam, Salah

    Deletion cost Update cost Storage cost #12;March 29, 2008 ICS 541: Index Structures 3 - Lecture outline records per block Dense index space = 1000000/100 * 4k = 40MB. Binary search cost log2(10000) = 14 disk index blocks = 4MB Binary search cost log2(1000) = 10 disk accesses at most #12;March 29, 2008 ICS 541

  4. Analytics For Distracted Driver Behavior Modeling in Dilemma Zone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Jan-Mou [ORNL] [ORNL; Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL] [ORNL; Thakur, Gautam [ORNL] [ORNL; Vatsavai, Raju [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we present the results obtained and insights gained through the analysis of TRB contest data. We used exploratory analysis, regression, and clustering models for gaining insights into the driver behavior in a dilemma zone while driving under distraction. While simple exploratory analysis showed the distinguishing driver behavior patterns among different popu- lation groups in the dilemma zone, regression analysis showed statically signification relationships between groups of variables. In addition to analyzing the contest data, we have also looked into the possible impact of distracted driving on the fuel economy.

  5. INDEX | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei | Open Energy2010) |OutlookINDEX Jump to:

  6. ARM - Site Index

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecovery Act Recovery Act Logo SubscribegovSite Index Expand |

  7. Cars and Drivers in the New Suburbs: Linking Access to Travel in Neotraditional Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crane, Randall

    1994-01-01

    Neotradltlonal TownPlanmng. Cars, Pedestmans, and Transit,Cars and Drivers in the NewSuburbs: Linking Access to Travelspccxfica~on, or mguIahon Cars and Drivers in the New

  8. Driver mental workload requirements on horizontal curves based on occluded vision test measurements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafer, Mark Anthony

    1994-01-01

    This thesis documents an evaluation of driver mental workload requirements on horizontal curves based on occluded vision test measurements. Driver workload is an important concept in the design of highway systems. A ...

  9. Final Report on the Fuel Saving Effectiveness of Various Driver Feedback Approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Earleywine, M.; Sparks, W.

    2011-03-01

    This final report quantifies the fuel-savings opportunities from specific driving behavior changes, identifies factors that influence drivers' receptiveness to adopting fuel-saving behaviors, and assesses various driver feedback approaches.

  10. Projecting Fatalities in Crashes Involving Older Drivers, 20002025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORNL-6963 Projecting Fatalities in Crashes Involving Older Drivers, 2000­2025 Patricia S. Hu 2000 This research was funded by GM pursuant to an agreement between GM and the U.S. Department #12;#12;GM Project G.6 October 2000iii TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES

  11. Drivers and Barriers for Implementing Sustainable Development in Higher Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svenningsson, Josef

    #12;Drivers and Barriers for Implementing Sustainable Development in Higher Education Göteborg for Sustainable Development through Higher Education. The authors are responsible for the choice and presentation.unesco.org/education/desd Education for Sustainable Development in Action Technical Paper N° 3 - 2006 Cover design: Helmut Langer (ED

  12. Stochastic and deterministic drivers of spatial and temporal turnover in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraft, Nathan

    and Sustainability, and Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, USA, 5 New Zealand Institute for Advanced filtering). While numerous studies have examined the relation- ship between turnover and individual drivers effects were removed, but relation- ships with primary productivity and habitat heterogeneity remained

  13. DYNAMIC DATABASE INTEGRATION IN A JDBC DRIVER Terrence Mason

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Ramon

    -lawrence@uiowa.edu Keywords: integration, database, schema, metadata, annotation, evolution, dynamic, JDBC, conceptualDYNAMIC DATABASE INTEGRATION IN A JDBC DRIVER Terrence Mason Iowa Database and Emerging Iowa Database and Emerging Applications Laboratory, Computer Science University of Iowa Email: ramon

  14. Fluctuations in Alertness and Sustained Attention: Predicting Driver Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvucci, Dario D.

    Fluctuations in Alertness and Sustained Attention: Predicting Driver Performance Glenn Gunzelmann an existing account of the effect of sleep loss and circadian rhythms on sustained attention performance to predict performance impairments in complex task domains like driving is limited by a gap in our

  15. Energy for 500 million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wide variety of sourcesLBNL-2417E Energy for 500 million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou*, Michael A. McNeil, Mark Levine Keywords

  16. SECTION 9-DRIVER SAFETY PROGRAM AND VEHICLE OPERATION/ AND MAINTENANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    SECTION 9- DRIVER SAFETY PROGRAM AND VEHICLE OPERATION/ AND MAINTENANCE INTRODUCTION Driving, driving statistically exposes you to the single greatest degree of risk in your everyday life. The driving in a vehicular accident while conducting State business. · Make recommendations on how to operate a vehicle

  17. Integrating Concurrency Control and Energy Management in Device Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maróti, Miklós

    Integrating Concurrency Control and Energy Management in Device Drivers Kevin Klues , Vlado@cs.berkeley.edu dgay@intel-research.net Abstract Energy management is a critical concern in wireless sensornets. De- spite its importance, sensor network operating systems today pro- vide minimal energy management support

  18. Project: Driver and controller for a thermoelectric cooler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project: Driver and controller for a thermoelectric cooler Supervisor: Prof. Sam Ben-Yaakov Year solutions. Based on one of the three thermoelectric phenomena ­ the Peltier effect ­ bi-directional control is achieved. The TEC (which is a Thermoelectric Cooler) uses this effect. The direction of the current through

  19. A REVIEW AND EVALUATION OF EMERGING DRIVER FATIGUE DETECTION MEASURES AND TECHNOLOGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -to-perform and fitness-for-duty screeners; mathematical models/algorithms; vehicle-based driver performance measurements

  20. Driver/Pedestrian Understanding and Behavior at Marked and Unmarked Crosswalks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitman, Meghan F.; Ragland, David R

    2008-01-01

    45 PEDESTRIAN CRASH PATTERNS IN45 PEDESTRIAN AND DRIVER KNOWLEDGE OF CROSSWALK47 COUNTERMEASURES TO INCREASE PEDESTRIAN SAFETY IN

  1. Two-Stage Power Conversion Architecture for an LED Driver Circuit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perreault, Dave

    Two-Stage Power Conversion Architecture for an LED Driver Circuit Seungbum Lim, John Ranson, David with 0.93 power factor at 8.4 W average power. I. INTRODUCTION LED lighting promises unprecedented efficiency, and high-power-factor LED drivers [1]. A survey of commercial LED drivers illustrates this

  2. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Employment & Training Institute 1 Drivers License

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Employment & Training Institute 1 Drivers License Status Report for the Center on Driver's License Recovery & Employability June 13, 2012 by Lois Quinn and John Pawasarat residents in the state DOT files, including: · drivers with a current license as of January 2012 · plus

  3. Index of /~paola/pictures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index of /~paola/pictures. [ICO], Name · Last modified · Size · Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [IMG], IM000060.jpg, 28-Aug-2003 17:54, 791K. [IMG] ...

  4. 59136 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 186 / Monday, September 27, 2010 / Rules and Regulations (c) Certain farm vehicle drivers. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Certain farm vehicle drivers. The rules in this part except for § 391.15(e) do not apply to a farm vehicle driver except a farm vehicle driver who drives an articulated (combination) commercial motor vehicle, as defined in § 390.5. For limited exemptions for farm vehicle drivers of articulated commercial motor

  5. 1. Use the Reports function to view the records in the RAE 2008 database in a specific format. To access the Reports function click on the button on the Main menu.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrahams, I. David

    1. Use the Reports function to view the records in the RAE 2008 database in a specific format. To access the Reports function click on the button on the Main menu. 2. The Reports screen will appear: 3. Select the report type from the Report drop-down list, and click on the button. 4. For a Standard

  6. Utility Integrated Resource Planning: An Emerging Driver of New Renewable Generation in the Western United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2005-01-01

    greater role in future utility planning efforts. Bolinger,Utility Integrated Resource Planning: An Emerging Driver ofyears: utility integrated resource planning (IRP). Common in

  7. Philips Light Sources & Electronics is Developing an Efficient, Smaller, Cost-Effective Family of LED Drivers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the help of DOE funding, Philips Light Sources & Electronics is developing a new family of LED drivers that are more efficient and cost-effective as well as smaller in size than currently available drivers. The new drivers are switch-mode power supplies that are similar to today's drivers, but with an improved design. In addition, they have a different topology—boost plus LLC—for wattages of 40W and above, but they retain the commonly used flyback topology at lower wattages.

  8. Driver/Pedestrian Understanding and Behavior at Marked and Unmarked Crosswalks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragland, David R; Mitman, Meghan Fehlig

    2007-01-01

    July 1, 2007 DRIVER/PEDESTRIAN UNDERSTANDING AND BEHAVIOR AT9922 BERKELEY MANIFESTO ON PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS MAY 11, 2007for safe and convenient pedestrian travel and to embrace

  9. Drivers of Success in the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (n 54) VARIABLE MODEL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Constraints on energy use and savings opportunities index - 1.43 b 1.06 - - - - State-level average electricity cost (cents per kWh) - - -...

  10. Key Business Resources Access the Business Subject Guide at the library homepage: library.queensu.ca or by clicking Library under

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    . Conference Board e-Library: free registration required. Canadian industries, economic trends & forecasts1 Key Business Resources July 2012 Access the Business Subject Guide at the library homepage: library.queensu.ca or by clicking Library under Queen's Resources in yourPortal. Business Subject Guide

  11. What to do with Your Waste All major types of waste are listed below. Click on the item that you want to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    and Freezers G Glass I IT/Computer Equipment H Hazardous Waste L Laboroatory Waste M Mobile Phones O Oil PWhat to do with Your Waste All major types of waste are listed below. Click on the item that you continue to expand and improve waste management at NTU. If you require further information contact a member

  12. > REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) Low-Cost Sensor System for Alarm Reporting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idaho, University of

    could monitor and report any type of data of interest to us, such as oil pipeline pressure, gas flow> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) Low and microcontrollers are leveraged upon in providing low-cost automated event reporting and metering data in utility

  13. Back to Article Click to Print The Clean Energy Scam --Printout --TIME http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,1725975,00.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Couzin, Iain D.

    Back to Article Click to Print The Clean Energy Scam -- Printout -- TIME http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,1725975,00.html 1 of 8 10/15/2008 2:16 PM #12;Thursday, Mar. 27, 2008 The Clean Energy Scam is spurring a dramatic expansion of Brazilian agriculture, which is invading the Amazon at an increasingly

  14. Aggregator's Guide to Kuali Coeus Proposal Development When you log in, the system opens to the Researcher tab. Click on the Unit tab. From this tab you can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    in the habit of using an asterisk on each side of your search term. Example this tab you can click on the magnifying glass icon to search for proposals.umaryland.edu/kualicoeus/user-access-and-requests/sponsor-request/ · Project Start Date · Project End Date · Project Title Enter the information

  15. YES: A Primer 1. Log in to yes.vanderbilt.edu. Or, click on the YES link toward the bottom of the page on the right-hand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    . 3. Enter the course for which you wish to search in the Quick Search field. #12;4 Alternately, you will appear. 6. The student summary box lists your expected date of graduation (Degree Expect Term), parental can use the Advanced Search by clicking on Advanced (highlighted by the red box in the picture above

  16. UWB multi-burst transmit driver for averaging receivers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dallum, Gregory E

    2012-11-20

    A multi-burst transmitter for ultra-wideband (UWB) communication systems generates a sequence of precisely spaced RF bursts from a single trigger event. There are two oscillators in the transmitter circuit, a gated burst rate oscillator and a gated RF burst or RF power output oscillator. The burst rate oscillator produces a relatively low frequency, i.e., MHz, square wave output for a selected transmit cycle, and drives the RF burst oscillator, which produces RF bursts of much higher frequency, i.e., GHz, during the transmit cycle. The frequency of the burst rate oscillator sets the spacing of the RF burst packets. The first oscillator output passes through a bias driver to the second oscillator. The bias driver conditions, e.g., level shifts, the signal from the first oscillator for input into the second oscillator, and also controls the length of each RF burst. A trigger pulse actuates a timing circuit, formed of a flip-flop and associated reset time delay circuit, that controls the operation of the first oscillator, i.e., how long it oscillates (which defines the transmit cycle).

  17. Nash Equilibria for a Model of Traffic Flow with Several Groups of Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nash Equilibria for a Model of Traffic Flow with Several Groups of Drivers Alberto Bressan and Ke population sizes 1, . . . , n, we prove the existence of a Nash equilibrium solution, where no driver can, and a characterization of this Nash equilibrium solution, are also discussed. 1 Introduction Consider a model of traffic

  18. Nash Equilibria for a Model of Traffic Flow with Several Groups of Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bressan, Alberto

    Nash Equilibria for a Model of Traffic Flow with Several Groups of Drivers Alberto Bressan and Ke population sizes 1, . . . , n, we prove the existence of a Nash equilibrium solution, where no driver can, and a characterization of this Nash equilibrium solution, are also discussed. Key words: Scalar conservation law

  19. 1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation 3 A. Sen Gupta,1 A), 29 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean equatorial 30 circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, LXXXXX, doi:10.1029/ 31 2012GL051447. 32 1. Introduction 33 [2] The equatorial Pacific Ocean

  20. AABBSSTTRRAACCTT MA, RUIQI. The Effect of In-Vehicle Automation and Reliability on Driver Situation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    AABBSSTTRRAACCTT MA, RUIQI. The Effect of In-Vehicle Automation and Reliability on Driver Situation by automation and in- vehicle device use. Specifically, this study investigated the implications of adaptive; investigate the effect of varying reliability of in-vehicle automation (navigation aids) on driver SA

  1. ESPM 131 Using microbes to understand effects S06 and drivers of species diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruns, Tom

    ESPM 131 Using microbes to understand effects S06 and drivers of species diversity Microbial. Perceived disadvantages and counterpoints: too simple, too artificial microbes are fundamentally different;ESPM 131 Using microbes to understand effects S06 and drivers of species diversity Species richness

  2. Predicting the Effects of In-Car Interfaces on Driver Behavior using a Cognitive Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvucci, Dario D.

    Predicting the Effects of In-Car Interfaces on Driver Behavior using a Cognitive Architecture Dario 9669 dario@cbr.com ABSTRACT When designing and evaluating "in-car" user interfaces for drivers describes a novel approach to predicting effects of in-car interfaces by modeling behavior in a cognitive

  3. Driver Attitudes and Choices: Speed Limits, Seat Belt Use, and Drinking-and-Driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    Driver attitudes; Driver behavior; Speeding; Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Surveys (MVOSS) #12;- 2 Board, January 2004 Abstract A better understanding of attitudes and behavioral principles underlying driving behavior and traffic safety issues can contribute to design and policy solutions, such as, speed

  4. Integrated Circuit Implementation for a GaN HFETs Driver Circuit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakos, Jason D.

    @engr.sc.edu Abstract- The paper presents the design of an integrated circuit (IC) for a 10MHz low power-loss driver exploit the advantages of GaN devices, such as superior switching speed and operation in high-power the authors focus on the design of the IC and present preliminary results and considerations. The driver

  5. An Electrolytic-Free Offline LED Driver with a Ceramic-Capacitor-Based Compact SSC Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perreault, Dave

    An Electrolytic-Free Offline LED Driver with a Ceramic-Capacitor-Based Compact SSC Energy Buffer of a compact ceramic-capacitor-based stacked switched capacitor (SSC) energy buffer for a single-stage offline precharge circuit. The prototype LED driver presented here uses a ceramic-capacitor-based SSC energy buffer

  6. Laddie: The Language for Automated Device Drivers (Ver 1) Bucknell Computer Science Technical Report #08-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wittie, Lea

    Report #08-2 Lea Wittie March 12, 2008 Abstract Device drivers, which make up a large portion. Rebooting can mean data loss; a CD-RW writing a CD, network card sending packets. The driver could also read

  7. Study of CSR Effects in the Jefferson Laboratory FEL Driver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, C. C.; Biedron, S.; Burleson, Theodore A.; Milton, Stephen V.; Morin, Auralee L.; Benson, Stephen V.; Douglas, David R.; Evtushenko, Pavel E.; Hannon, Fay E.; Li, Rui; Tennant, Christopher D.; Zhang, Shukui; Carlsten, Bruce E.; Lewellen, John W.

    2013-08-01

    In a recent experiment conducted on the Jefferson Laboratory IR FEL driver the effects of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR) on beam quality were studied. The primary goal of this work was to explore CSR output and effect on the beam with variation of the bunch compression in the IR chicane. This experiment also provides a valuable opportunity to benchmark existing CSR models in a system that may not be fully represented by a 1-D CSR model. Here we present results from this experiment and compare to initial simulations of CSR in the magnetic compression chicane of the machine. Finally, we touch upon the possibility for CSR induced microbunching gain in the magnetic compression chicane, and show that parameters in the machine are such that it should be thoroughly damped.

  8. INDEX

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 CLAUSE 6 - COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS (CAS) LIABILITY . . . . . . . . . . . 9 CLAUSE 7 - DISCLOSURE AND USE...

  9. index

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcator c-mod Alcator Alcator Introduction Facility Information Tokamak Data & Real-Time Information Computer & Data Systems Research Program Information Publications & News...

  10. Index

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy,ImpactScientific and TechnicalApril 2015Science DataInder

  11. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January--June 1995. Volume 41, Index 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. The information elements are displayed in one or more of five separate formats arranged as follows: Case name index; digests and headers; legal citations index; subject index; and facility index.

  12. INDEX TO VOLUME 147 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    _production@ODP.TAMU.EDU Index to Volume 147 #12;533 VOLUME 147 SUBJECT INDEX accessory minerals, petrography, A:62­63 actinolite

  13. Ini a ng a request in the iSTART system STEP 1: Visit h ps://sunapsis.illinois.edu/ and click on Adminis-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    Ini a ng a request in the iSTART system STEP 1: Visit h ps://sunapsis.illinois.edu/ and click your NetID and password. STEP 2: Complete this step (or "Op on 2" listed below -- not both!) to ini ate on to the request. STEP 2: Complete this step (or "Op on 1" listed above -- not both!) to ini ate your i

  14. SCALABLE REACHABILITY INDEXING FOR VERY LARGE GRAPHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaki, Mohammed Javeed

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 iii #12;3. GRAIL: Scalable Reachability Index for Large Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 3.3 GRAIL Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 3.3.1 Index GRAIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 4.1 Topological Level Filter

  15. High index contrast platform for silicon photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akiyama, Shoji, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis focuses on silicon-based high index contrast (HIC) photonics. In addition to mature fiber optics or low index contrast (LIC) platform, which is often referred to as Planar Lightwave Cirrcuit (PLC) or Silica ...

  16. Body Mass Index - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health Education & Wellness > Health Calculators & Logs > Body Mass Index Health Education & Wellness Downloads & Patient Materials Health & Productivity Health Calculators & Logs...

  17. Durable Goods, Price Indexes, and Monetary Policy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Kyoung Soo

    2009-05-15

    and non-durable goods. In the models with durable goods, the COLI (Cost of Living Index) and the PPI (Producer Price Index) identical to the CPI (Consumer Price Index) measured by the acquisitions approach are distinguished, and the COLI/PPI ratio plays...

  18. Access Paths Multi-dimensional Index Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mannheim, Universität

    for result TID-lists) · high cost for intersection if one of the indexes deliverse many results · But') · index.find_key(`ZH1984') · Discussion: · cost equivalent to the cost of a one-dimensional access! KeyAccess Paths Multi-dimensional Index Structures 1Freitag, 4. Juni 2010 #12;September 27, 2007

  19. Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Indexes 20 Theoretical (Fair) Value 21 Basis 22 Cost of Carry = Basis Equity Index Futures Strategies 23e u r e x Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies e u r e x #12;Please Note The definitions of "basis" and "cost of carry" have been changed in this version of the brochure. In previous

  20. Dynamic analysis of policy drivers for bioenergy commodity markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert F. Jeffers; Jacob J. Jacobson; Erin M. Searcy

    2001-01-01

    Biomass is increasingly being considered as a feedstock to provide a clean and renewable source of energy in the form of both liquid fuels and electric power. In the United States, the biofuels and biopower industries are regulated by different policies and have different drivers which impact the maximum price the industries are willing to pay for biomass. This article describes a dynamic computer simulation model that analyzes future behavior of bioenergy feedstock markets given policy and technical options. The model simulates the long-term dynamics of these markets by treating advanced biomass feedstocks as a commodity and projecting the total demand of each industry as well as the market price over time. The model is used for an analysis of the United States bioenergy feedstock market that projects supply, demand, and market price given three independent buyers: domestic biopower, domestic biofuels, and foreign exports. With base-case assumptions, the biofuels industry is able to dominate the market and meet the federal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) targets for advanced biofuels. Further analyses suggest that United States bioenergy studies should include estimates of export demand in their projections, and that GHG-limiting policy would partially shield both industries from exporter dominance.

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Look-Ahead Driver Feedback and Powertrain Management

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Eaton at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about look-ahead driver feedback and...

  2. Emergency vehicle driver training by Texas municipal police departments: a descriptive study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westmoreland, Robert Lawrence

    1994-01-01

    police departments with 26 or more sworn police officers were mailed questionnaires that were to be completed and returned to the researcher. The questionnaire requested information on the current emergency driver training program of each agency. Results...

  3. Two-stage power conversion architecture for an LED driver circuit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Seungbum

    This paper presents a merged-two-stage circuit topology suitable for efficient LED drivers operating from either wide-range dc input voltage or ac line voltage. This two-stage topology is based on a soft-charged ...

  4. State of Wisconsin Fleet Driver and Management Policies and Procedures Manual 1 State of Wisconsin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen R.

    .30. Lease and Rental Rates 30 2.31. Citizen Driver Complaints 30 Appendix Directory 30 #12;State confusion between previous versions, (3) increase employee and public understanding of the overall state

  5. FALLOW MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN GUATEMALA'S WESTERN HIGHLANDS: SOCIAL DRIVERS AND BIOPHYSICAL IMPACTSy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FALLOW MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN GUATEMALA'S WESTERN HIGHLANDS: SOCIAL DRIVERS AND BIOPHYSICAL practices in the Western Highlands of Guatemala based on interdisciplinary data collected using fertility; Buddleia skutchii; Baccharis vaccinioides; Andisol; Guatemala INTRODUCTION At any given time

  6. Efficacy, national/international practices and motivational factors of lifelong driver education for the aging population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Israels, Richard (Richard Steven)

    2006-01-01

    In a society facing a significant increase in its aging population, older driver education/training is emerging as a potential solution to help seniors drive more safely, thus maintaining their mobility and quality of life. ...

  7. Temperature as a driver for the expansion of the microalga Gonyostomum semen in Swedish lakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temperature as a driver for the expansion of the microalga Gonyostomum semen in Swedish lakes Karin is an example of invasive harmful microalgae (Neilan et al., 2003). Another presumably invasive species

  8. Personality fit in nascar: does driver-sponsor congruence influence sponsorship effectiveness outcomes? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dees, Windy Lynn

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to determine if personality fit between NASCAR drivers and their major sponsors affects the sponsorship outcomes of consumer attitudes toward the sponsor, attitudes toward the brand, and ...

  9. Fourth Annual Ethical Leadership Conference Panel Drivers, Challenges, and Strategies for Future of Corporate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Fourth Annual Ethical Leadership Conference Panel Drivers, Challenges, and Strategies for Future, Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Perspectives, Business & Society, Long Range Planning Social Responsibility for Hess Corporation, a global integrated energy company based in New York City

  10. Marine metagenomic infrastructure services as driver for research and industrial innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bongo, Lars Ailo

    Marine metagenomic infrastructure services as driver for research and industrial innovation Lars-EBI) · Participants: ­ Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation (Portugal) ­ CCMAR ­ Center for Marine Sciences (Portugal;Marine Metagenomics · Marine genomics and metagenomics are rapidly expanding · Need customized data

  11. Assessment of older driver understanding of certain traffic control devices in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulett, Stephanie Renee

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to assess older Texas drivers on their understanding of nine traffic control devices and identify the devices that are misunderstood by people 65 years and older. Additionally, older ...

  12. Quantitative understanding of Forbush decrease drivers based on shock-only and CME-only models using global signature of February 14, 1978 event

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raghav, Anil; Lotekar, Ajay; Bhaskar, Ankush; Vichare, Geeta; Yadav, Virendra E-mail: ankushbhaskar@gmail.com E-mail: vicharegeeta@gmail.com

    2014-10-01

    We have studied the Forbush decrease (FD) event that occurred on February 14, 1978 using 43 neutron monitor observatories to understand the global signature of FD. We have studied rigidity dependence of shock amplitude and total FD amplitude. We have found almost the same power law index for both shock phase amplitude and total FD amplitude. Local time variation of shock phase amplitude and maximum depression time of FD have been investigated which indicate possible effect of shock/CME orientation. We have analyzed rigidity dependence of time constants of two phase recovery. Time constants of slow component of recovery phase show rigidity dependence and imply possible effect of diffusion. Solar wind speed was observed to be well correlated with slow component of FD recovery phase. This indicates solar wind speed as possible driver of recovery phase. To investigate the contribution of interplanetary drivers, shock and CME in FD, we have used shock-only and CME-only models. We have applied these models separately to shock phase and main phase amplitudes respectively. This confirms presently accepted physical scenario that the first step of FD is due to propagating shock barrier and second step is due to flux rope of CME/magnetic cloud.

  13. A Unified Approach For Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suel, Torsten

    ,or solvethe problem by sort- ing, partitioning, or on-the-fly index construction. In this paper, we develop propose the use of a simple cost model to decide when to follow an index-basedapproach. 1 IntroductionA Unified Approach For Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins Lars Arge1?, Octavian Procopiuc1

  14. A Unified Approach For Indexed and NonIndexed Spatial Joins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suel, Torsten

    process, or solve the problem by sort­ ing, partitioning, or on­the­fly index construction. In this paper time, and hence we propose the use of a simple cost model to decide when to follow an indexA Unified Approach For Indexed and Non­Indexed Spatial Joins Lars Arge 1? , Octavian Procopiuc 1

  15. A Unified Approach For Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arge, Lars

    during the join process,or solvethe problem by sort- ing, partitioning, or on-the-fly index construction, and hence we propose the use of a simple cost model to decide when to follow an index-basedapproach. 1A Unified Approach For Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins Lars Arge ¢¡ , Octavian Procopiuc

  16. Use of the Palmer Index and Other Water Supply Indexes for Drought Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Water Availability Task Force Time, Effort, and Cost of Producing the Palmer Index for Operational UseUse of the Palmer Index and Other Water Supply Indexes for Drought Monitoring in Colorado colorado for Development of Colorado's Drought MOnitoring Capabilities 5II. THE PALMER INDEX 5 10 10 12 A. B. C. D. History

  17. Reactive Surfaces and Interfaces utilizing 2-Vinyl-4,4-Dimethylazlactone (VDMA): An Example of ??Click?? Chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Messman, Jamie M; Kilbey, II, S Michael; Lokitz, Bradley S; Hinestrosa Salazar, Juan Pablo; Ankner, John Francis

    2009-01-01

    Creating polymer-modified interfaces decorated with biologically-relevant materials V so-called bio-interfaces V with precise control over the nanoscale structure and properties is of increasing technological importance for a large number of advanced materials applications, including adaptive and/or lubricious biomaterial coatings, electro-actuators (synthetic muscles), biosensors with amplified response, coatings for stealth drug delivery, supports for enzymatic catalysts, protein or antibody arrays, and high affinity separation agents. The ability to design and decorate interfaces with biologically-relevant molecules and understand synthesis-structure-function relationships remains a significant challenge. The overarching objective of this research program is to investigate the polymerization and functionalization of a new class of polymeric materials that are capable of serving as a versatile platform from which bio-interfaces for specific applications can be created and evaluated. Stimuli-responsive (co)polymers containing vinyl dimethyl azlactone (VDMA) have been prepared using free radical polymerization techniques (controlled and conventional). Subsequent immobilization of biomolecules (e.g., dansylcadaverine, N ,N -bis(carboxymethyl)-L-lysine hydrate) on PVDMA-containing surface scaffolds affords bio-interfaces. Reaction of nucleophiles with the azlactone moiety proceeds rapidly, quantitatively, and in the absence of byproducts, which are essential criteria governing the click-type nature of this procedure. The conversion of these materials into polyelectrolytes and bioconjugates can be monitored in real-time using infrared spectroscopy. Additionally, pVDMA polymers prepared using reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization are the basis for creating polymer brushes by a grafting to approach. We will describe how compositional differences and changes in molecular weight affect the solubility and responsiveness of pVDMA-based polymers and surface layers when functionalized with various biomolecules.

  18. Locking mechanism for indexing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindemeyer, Carl W. (Aurora, IL)

    1984-01-01

    Disclosed is a locking mechanism for an indexing spindle. A conventional r gear having outwardly extending teeth is affixed to the spindle. Also included is a rotatably mounted camshaft whose axis is arranged in skewed relationship with the axis of the spindle. A disk-like wedge having opposing camming surfaces is eccentrically mounted on the camshaft. As the camshaft is rotated, the camming surfaces of the disc-like member are interposed between adjacent gear teeth with a wiping action that wedges the disc-like member between the gear teeth. A zero backlash engagement between disc-like member and gear results, with the engagement having a high mechanical advantage so as to effectively lock the spindle against bidirectional rotation.

  19. Click to add heading

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    with High-Performance Concrete for Accelerated Construction of Nuclear Concrete Structures Primary Objective Reduce field construction times and fabrication costs of...

  20. Click to add heading

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (ACI 349) - most common lateral load resisting members in nuclear structures (pressure vessels not in scope) 4 * Aim to reduce complexities in rebar to improve construction quality...

  1. Click to add title

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to deliver power to meet the peak demand under a variety of conditions Capacity of a wind farm is a moving target - Peak output occurs during shoulder months and off-peak...

  2. Clothes that Click 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Teresa; Howard, Jeff W.

    2000-05-08

    This comprehensive 4-H curriculum covers creativity in construction, consumerism, clothing choices, clothing care, careers, and other subjects of interest to 4-H members. The Companion Leader's Guide is FCS 2-1. "Clothing Capers.

  3. click beetle (Native) 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10

    , there are 1.5 meters of natural topographic relief. Most of the soils in the project area are poorly drained and slowly permeable. They are mostly clays that range from saline to non-saline. The climate is classified as moist sub-humid. Rain occurs... standing water, or having clay at the surface were not tested (n=61). The source points were marked with lath and flagging, and the source point number was written on each stake. In addition to shovel testing, the ground surface in the immediate area...

  4. Click to add heading

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartment of Energyof the Clean EnergyLocalDepartmentDay

  5. Click to add title

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartment of Energyof the Clean

  6. Local index theorem for projective families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benameur, M -T

    2010-01-01

    We give a superconnection proof of the cohomological form of Mathai-Melrose-Singer index theorem for the family of twisted Dirac operators under relaxed conditions.

  7. Index of /~wilker/misc/Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index of /~wilker/misc/Electronics. [ICO], Name · Last modified · Size · Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [ ], dram.pdf, 11-Sep-1998 23:10, 124K. [ ] ...

  8. An index 2F2 hypergeometric transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zouhair Mouayn

    2011-05-12

    We construct a new one-parameter family of index hypergeometric transforms associated with the relativistic pseudoharmonic oscillator by using coherent states analysis.

  9. Effect of driver impedance on dense plasma focus Z-pinch neutron yield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sears, Jason E-mail: schmidt36@llnl.gov; Link, Anthony E-mail: schmidt36@llnl.gov; Schmidt, Andrea E-mail: schmidt36@llnl.gov; Welch, Dale

    2014-12-15

    The Z-pinch phase of a dense plasma focus (DPF) heats the plasma by rapid compression and accelerates ions across its intense electric fields, producing neutrons through both thermonuclear and beam-target fusion. Driver characteristics have empirically been shown to affect performance, as measured by neutron yield per unit of stored energy. We are exploring the effect of driver characteristics on DPF performance using particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations of a kJ scale DPF. In this work, our PIC simulations are fluid for the run-down phase and transition to fully kinetic for the pinch phase, capturing kinetic instabilities, anomalous resistivity, and beam formation during the pinch. The anode-cathode boundary is driven by a circuit model of the capacitive driver, including system inductance, the load of the railgap switches, the guard resistors, and the coaxial transmission line parameters. It is known that the driver impedance plays an important role in the neutron yield: first, it sets the peak current achieved at pinch time; and second, it affects how much current continues to flow through the pinch when the pinch inductance and resistance suddenly increase. Here we show from fully kinetic simulations how total neutron yield depends on the impedance of the driver and the distributed parameters of the transmission circuit. Direct comparisons between the experiment and simulations enhance our understanding of these plasmas and provide predictive design capability for neutron source applications.

  10. VOL. 14 NO. 1, MARCH, 2009 Contents | Author index | Subject index | Search | Home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antunes, Pedro

    VOL. 14 NO. 1, MARCH, 2009 Contents | Author index | Subject index | Search | Home Evaluating and their performance compared. Results. The method contributes to formative evaluation regarding the manipulation management, connected and disconnected modes, and other aspects. This concealment challenges groupware

  11. The SIGAPL Index of Technical Articles ACM SIGAPL intends to publish an annual index of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Glenn

    Dear Sir: The SIGAPL Index of Technical Articles ACM SIGAPL intends to publish an annual index. I look forward to hearing from you. Dick Bowman ACM SIGAPL cJo CEGB 85 Park Street London SE1

  12. Image indexing using color correlograms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Huang, Jing (Ossining, NY); Kumar, Shanmugasundaram Ravi (San Jose, CA); Mitra, Mandar (Calcutta, IN); Zhu, Wei-Jing (Ossining, NY)

    2001-01-01

    A color correlogram is a three-dimensional table indexed by color and distance between pixels which expresses how the spatial correlation of color changes with distance in a stored image. The color correlogram may be used to distinguish an image from other images in a database. To create a color correlogram, the colors in the image are quantized into m color values, c.sub.i . . . c.sub.m. Also, the distance values k.epsilon.[d] to be used in the correlogram are determined where [d] is the set of distances between pixels in the image, and where dmax is the maximum distance measurement between pixels in the image. Each entry (i, j, k) in the table is the probability of finding a pixel of color c.sub.i at a selected distance k from a pixel of color c.sub.i. A color autocorrelogram, which is a restricted version of the color correlogram that considers color pairs of the form (i,i) only, may also be used to identify an image.

  13. Grid Parity for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ong, S.; Denholm, P.; Clark, N.

    2012-08-01

    In this report, we analyze PV break-even costs for U.S. residential customers. We evaluate some key drivers of grid parity both regionally and over time. We also examine the impact of moving from flat to time-of-use (TOU) rates, and we evaluate individual components of the break-even cost, including effect of rate structure and various incentives. Finally, we examine how PV markets might evolve on a regional basis considering the sensitivity of the break-even cost to four major drivers: technical performance, financing parameters, electricity prices and rates, and policies. We find that electricity price rather than technical parameters are in general the key drivers of the break-even cost of PV. Additionally, this analysis provides insight about the potential viability of PV markets.

  14. Strategic Planning Retreat Index Title Slide #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;Strategic Planning Retreat Index Title Slide # Index 1 On the Horizon (President Pastides Carolina Board Strategic Planning Council March 28-29, 2010 9 #12;StrategicStrategic FinanceFinance 10 #12) 2-8 Strategic Finance 9-43Strategic Finance (Moore, Brunelli, Walton, Quasney) 9 43 Academics

  15. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM CUMULATIVE INDEX GEOGRAPHIC AND SITE INDEX 1AABW Africa SW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM CUMULATIVE INDEX GEOGRAPHIC AND SITE INDEX 1AABW · Africa SW A AABW. See Antarctic Bottom Water AAIW. See Antarctic Intermediate Water Abaco event, geology, 101B27:428­430; 29:1­19 organogenic dolomites, 175B15:1­17 pore water, 175A20:547­553 #12;OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM CUMULATIVE INDEX

  16. INDEX TO VOLUME 149 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers text, figures

  17. INDEX TO VOLUME 131 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry followed by a page reference. The index is presented

  18. INDEX TO VOLUME 136 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  19. INDEX TO VOLUME 133 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  20. Method of identifying features in indexed data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jarman, Kristin H. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA; Daly, Don Simone (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA; Anderson, Kevin K. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA; Wahl, Karen L. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA

    2001-06-26

    The present invention is a method of identifying features in indexed data, especially useful for distinguishing signal from noise in data provided as a plurality of ordered pairs. Each of the plurality of ordered pairs has an index and a response. The method has the steps of: (a) providing an index window having a first window end located on a first index and extending across a plurality of indices to a second window end; (b) selecting responses corresponding to the plurality of indices within the index window and computing a measure of dispersion of the responses; and (c) comparing the measure of dispersion to a dispersion critical value. Advantages of the present invention include minimizing signal to noise ratio, signal drift, varying baseline signal and combinations thereof.

  1. Microelectromechanical reciprocating-tooth indexing apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allen, James J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01

    An indexing apparatus is disclosed that can be used to rotate a gear or move a rack in a precise, controllable manner. The indexing apparatus, based on a reciprocating shuttle driven by one or more actuators, can be formed either as a micromachine, or as a millimachine. The reciprocating shuttle of the indexing apparatus can be driven by a thermal, electrostatic or electromagnetic actuator, with one or more wedge-shaped drive teeth of the shuttle being moveable to engage and slide against indexing teeth on the gear or rack, thereby moving the gear or rack. The indexing apparatus can be formed by either surface micromachining processes or LIGA processes, depending on the size of the apparatus that is to be formed.

  2. A > 89% Efficient LED Driver with 0.5V Supply Voltage for Applications Requiring Low Average Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perrott, Michael

    and that it lowers power consumption of the primarily digital architecture of the sensor [3]. However, red LEDs monitoring system [3] Since the LED driver is the dominant source of power consumption in this system [4A > 89% Efficient LED Driver with 0.5V Supply Voltage for Applications Requiring Low Average

  3. Install, both Arduino and AmaSeis software programs: Installing Arduino and drivers: Setting up AmaSeis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Install, both Arduino and AmaSeis software programs: Installing Arduino and drivers: Setting up Ama the Arduino drivers. Take note of the assigned com port number, and set up AmaSeis to that number. 3. Some computers will require the following. Keep in mind, Arduino, does not need to run or be involved. You just

  4. Temporal Index Sharding for Space-Time Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldmann, Uwe

    each index list with almost zero increase in index size but still minimizes the cost of reading indexTemporal Index Sharding for Space-Time Efficiency in Archive Search Avishek Anand Srikanta Bedathur involve slicing either the entire collection [19] or individual index lists [9] along the time-axis. Both

  5. Formation of bulk refractive index structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Potter, Jr., Barrett George; Potter, Kelly Simmons; Wheeler, David R.; Jamison, Gregory M.

    2003-07-15

    A method of making a stacked three-dimensional refractive index structure in photosensitive materials using photo-patterning where first determined is the wavelength at which a photosensitive material film exhibits a change in refractive index upon exposure to optical radiation, a portion of the surfaces of the photosensitive material film is optically irradiated, the film is marked to produce a registry mark. Multiple films are produced and aligned using the registry marks to form a stacked three-dimensional refractive index structure.

  6. Issues Related to Wisconsin "Failure to Pay Forfeitures" Driver's License Suspensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    their employment options and placing them at risk in the criminal justice system when found "driving while suspended" to and from work. Lack of a driver's license is a particularly serious barrier to employment further place themselves at high risk within the criminal justice system ­ for illegal driving, increased

  7. Offshore Wind Turbine Design: Addressing Uncertainty Drivers Sten Frandsen Niels Jacob Tarp-Johansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the next generation of offshore wind farms are designed. The aim of this paper is to discuss existingOffshore Wind Turbine Design: Addressing Uncertainty Drivers Sten Frandsen Niels Jacob Tarp@civil.auc.dk leje@elsam-eng.com Abstract: Current offshore wind turbine design methods have matured to a 1st

  8. 2002-21-0041 Performance Driver Information Systems, Enhancing the Fun-to-Drive Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the vehicle chassis in the form of autocross racing. Whatever the form, people like to drive their cars Copyright © 2002 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. ABSTRACT Most driver information systems offered hopefully do not have to fight construction delays and congested traffic. People just don't use their cars

  9. TEM Driver's Test 2014 July 23 Berkeley Lab Materials Sciences Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : _____________________________ 1. Safety: Understand emergency shut down procedure Know emergency contact numbers Know where Liquid image #12; TEM Driver's Test 2014 July 23 11. Shut down Stop live camera image (if shutting down instrument) 12. Record session in log-book Record filament time, adviser, and any

  10. Multimodal Presentation of Local Danger Warnings for Drivers: A Situation-Dependent Assessment of Usability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    Multimodal Presentation of Local Danger Warnings for Drivers: A Situation-Dependent Assessment danger warning function. To achieve high-quality assistance, the communication mode needs to be adaptive. Moreover, regardless of communication mode, the local danger warning function was considered as the most

  11. Evolution on a Restless Planet: Were Environmental Variability and Environmental Change Major Drivers of Human Evolution?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richerson, Peter J.

    223 7 Evolution on a Restless Planet: Were Environmental Variability and Environmental Change Major Drivers of Human Evolution? Peter J. Richerson, Robert L. Bettinger, and Robert Boyd 7.1 Introduction Two kinds of factors set the tempo and direction of organic and cultural evolution, those external to biotic

  12. Evolution styles: using architectural knowledge as an evolution driver Carlos E. Cuesta1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    Evolution styles: using architectural knowledge as an evolution driver Carlos E. Cuesta1 , Elena+D, 02006, Albacete, Spain ABSTRACT Software evolution is an increasingly challenging and compelling concern software evolution is carried out, software architecture emerges as one of the cornerstones that should

  13. Evolution in plant populations as a driver of ecological changes in arthropod communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellend, Mark

    Evolution in plant populations as a driver of ecological changes in arthropod communities Marc T. J of Ecology and Evolution, Centre for the Analysis of Genome Evolution and Function, University of Toronto, 25-ranging impacts on species interactions, but the effects that ongoing evolution has on the temporal ecological

  14. Driver Selection Integration with Utility System Design Li Sun, Robin Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahrendt, Wolfgang

    Driver options · Electric motor · Helper motor and generator · Steam turbine · Gas turbine · Combustion and energy efficiency · Flexibility and reliability · Others VHP HP MP LP Steam turbines HRSG Gas turbine, M13 9PL, UK Utility system design analysis Main components: - Fuel - Steam mains - Steam generation

  15. PachyRand: SQL Randomization for the PostgreSQL JDBC Driver Extended Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PachyRand: SQL Randomization for the PostgreSQL JDBC Driver Extended Abstract Michael E. Locasto content stored in SQL databases. Such systems take input directly from the client via HTML forms. Without proper input validation, these systems are vulnerable to SQL injection at- tacks. The predominant defense

  16. A Flexible Active-Matrix Electronic Paper With Integrated Display Driver Using The -Czochralski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Flexible Active-Matrix Electronic Paper With Integrated Display Driver Using The µ on the display itself. The display is flexible, including the driving electronics. Technology used offers great possibilities for future applications e.g. flexible electronics, three dimensional IC, System-on-Panel, ultra

  17. THE PRIMARY DRIVER of today's com-mercial electronics market is time. Portable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandborn, Peter

    shorter market windows. The very existence of these products depends on finding quick design solutions to market is combining manufacturing information with application- specific design information as earlyTHE PRIMARY DRIVER of today's com- mercial electronics market is time. Portable computers, cellular

  18. Extending parental mentoring using an event-triggered video intervention in rural teen drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, John D.

    . During the initial phase of learning, adult or parental supervision often provides such guidance. However, once teens obtain their license, adult supervision is no longer mandated, and teens are left to teach their teens even after they begin driving independently. Twenty-six 16- to 17-year-old drivers

  19. HIGH INTENSITY LINAC DRIVER FOR THE SPIRAL-2 PROJECT : DESIGN OF SUPERCONDUCTING 88 MHZ QUARTER WAVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . For the high-energy section of the linac, a superconducting 88 MHz Quarter Wave Resonator (beta 0.12) has been WAVE RESONATORS (BETA 0.12), POWER COUPLERS AND CRYOMODULES T. Junquera, G. Olry, H. Saugnac, J Abstract A superconducting linac driver, delivering deuterons with an energy up to 40 MeV (5 mA) and heavy

  20. Driver Models For Timing And Noise Analysis Bogdan Tutuianu and Ross Baldick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldick, Ross

    Driver Models For Timing And Noise Analysis Bogdan Tutuianu and Ross Baldick Abstract and ways to model and analyze it is given in [23]. Other tools and methodologies for functional noise analysis are proposed in [19], [10] and [1]. Special circuit modeling techniques to asses global noise

  1. The Peril of Fragmentation: Security Hazards in Android Device Driver Customizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Peril of Fragmentation: Security Hazards in Android Device Driver Customizations Xiaoyong Zhou of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Email: naveed2@illinois.edu Abstract--Android phone manufacturers are under the per- petual pressure to move quickly on their new models, continu- ously customizing Android to fit

  2. FEPMA: Fine-Grained Event-Driven Power Meter for Android Smartphones Based on Device Driver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    FEPMA: Fine-Grained Event-Driven Power Meter for Android Smartphones Based on Device Driver Layer for providing highly accurate and nearly instantaneous estimates of power dis- sipation in an Android smartphone the Android operating system to provide information about power/performance state changes of various

  3. A fuel economy optimization system with applications in vehicles with human drivers and autonomous vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Changxu (Sean)

    A fuel economy optimization system with applications in vehicles with human drivers and autonomous University of New York, Buffalo, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Vehicle fuel economy Eco-driving Human developed and validated a new fuel-economy optimization system (FEOS), which receives input from vehicle

  4. Tree mortality in the eastern and central United States: patterns and drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moorcroft, Paul R.

    Tree mortality in the eastern and central United States: patterns and drivers M I C H A E L C . D I rate due to the small sample size of deaths within individual studies. Still, life cycle analyses have, such as the loss of >1.2 mil- lion ha of pinyon pine forest in the southwestern United States following the 2002

  5. Your Smartphone Can Watch the Road and You: Mobile Assistant for Inattentive Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelakuditi, Srihari

    -reported motor vehicle crashes occurred in the United States in 2007 [1]. Around 41000 people lost their lives of the leading causes of death. While lane departure warning, blind spot warning, and driver attention monitoring which results in increased latency and decreased frame rate. Fig. 1 shows the frame rate achieved

  6. An unsteady wave driver for narrowbanded waves: modeling nearshore circulation driven by wave groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    An unsteady wave driver for narrowbanded waves: modeling nearshore circulation driven by wave Abstract In this paper, we derive an unsteady refraction­diffraction model for narrowbanded water waves for use in computing coupled wave­current motion in the nearshore. The end result is a variable

  7. Stochastic Behaviour of the Electricity Bid Stack: from Fundamental Drivers to Power Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howison, Sam

    Stochastic Behaviour of the Electricity Bid Stack: from Fundamental Drivers to Power Prices Michael) 23 October 2008 Abstract We develop a fundamental model for spot electricity prices, based on stochastic processes for underlying factors (fuel prices, power demand and generation capacity availability

  8. ORIGINAL PAPER Species diversity and drivers of spread of alien fungi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Species diversity and drivers of spread of alien fungi (sensu lato) in Europe February 2009 Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009 Abstract A first comprehensive inventory of alien at the two spatial scales. Some taxonomic/phylogenetic orders were shown to be over-represented in alien

  9. The ITRS Design Technology and System Drivers Roadmap: Process and Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahng, Andrew B.

    The ITRS Design Technology and System Drivers Roadmap: Process and Status Andrew B. Kahng CSE (TWG) is one of 16 working groups in the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconduc- tors (ITRS) effort. It is responsible for the ITRS' Design Chap- ter, which roadmaps design technology requirements

  10. IMPACT OF BEAM TRANSPORT METHOD ON CHAMBER AND DRIVER DESIGN FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    IMPACT OF BEAM TRANSPORT METHOD ON CHAMBER AND DRIVER DESIGN FOR HEAVY ION INERTIAL FUSION ENERGY D National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 W. M. SHARP Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 ARIES-IFE TEAM Received June 1, 2003 Accepted for Publication February 3, 2004

  11. What kind of charging infrastructure do Chevrolet Volts Drivers in The EV Project use?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2013-09-01

    This report summarizes key conclusions from analysis of data collected from Chevrolet Volts participating in The EV Project. Topics include how much Volt drivers charge at level 1 vs. level 2 rates and how much they charge at home vs. away from home.

  12. Refueling Behavior of Flexible Fuel Vehicle Drivers in the Federal Fleet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daley, R.; Nangle, J.; Boeckman, G.; Miller, M.

    2014-05-01

    Federal fleets are a frequent subject of legislative and executive efforts to lead a national transition to alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies. Section 701 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 requires that all dual-fueled alternative fuel vehicles in the federal fleet be operated on alternative fuel 100% of the time when they have access to it. However, in Fiscal Year (FY) 2012, drivers of federal flex fuel vehicles (FFV) leased through the General Services Administration refueled with E85 24% of the time when it was available--falling well short of the mandate. The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory completed a 2-year Laboratory Directed Research and Development project to identify the factors that influence the refueling behavior of federal FFV drivers. The project began with two primary hypotheses. First, information scarcity increases the tendency to miss opportunities to purchase E85. Second, even with perfect information, there are limits to how far drivers will go out of their way to purchase E85. This paper discusses the results of the project, which included a June 2012 survey of federal fleet drivers and an empirical analysis of actual refueling behavior from FY 2009 to 2012. This research will aid in the design and implementation of intervention programs aimed at increasing alternative fuel use and reducing petroleum consumption.

  13. Megafauna biomass tradeoff as a driver of Quaternary and future extinctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnosky, Anthony D.

    Megafauna biomass tradeoff as a driver of Quaternary and future extinctions Anthony D. Barnosky,000 and 3,000 years ago. Estimates of megafauna biomass (including hu- mans as a megafauna species) for before, during, and after the extinction episode suggest that growth of human biomass largely matched

  14. PublicationFishery Index~ 1920-54

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PublicationFishery Index~ 1920-54 Publications of the Bureau of Fisheries And Fishery Publications in "An Analytical Subject Bibliography of the Publications of the Bureau of Fisheries, 1871

  15. DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements- Search Index

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index is a one-stop solution providing you with DOE's Guidance and Requirements documents combined into one file for easy download and use.

  16. An energy performance index for historic buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Scott

    1991-01-01

    This thesis reports studies conducted on historic buildings from the 1880 to 1900 era. These buildings were recently renovated and many more years of service are expected. Derivation of an energy demand prediction index was the primary study goal...

  17. Indexing spatio-temporal trajectories with efficient polynomial approximations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, J F; Ravishankar, C V

    2007-01-01

    we only count index construction costs, completely ignoringAs with offline index construction, SETI costs roughly halfSETI incurs I/O cost for index construction lower than the

  18. Indexing spatio-temporal trajectories with efficient polynomial approximations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, J F; Ravishankar, C V

    2007-01-01

    SETI incurs I/O cost for index construction lower than thein memory. I/O cost of online index construction for PA-leading to huge storage costs if we index all of the motion

  19. Breaking the Curse of Cardinality on Bitmap Indexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Kesheng

    2008-01-01

    and query processing costs of binned indexes with OrBiC. Ourquery processing cost of the projection index is always Nof our binned index with OrBiC costs less than 4 × 10 8

  20. Maximum Estrada Index of Bicyclic Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Long; Wang, Yi

    2012-01-01

    Let $G$ be a simple graph of order $n$, let $\\lambda_1(G),\\lambda_2(G),...,\\lambda_n(G)$ be the eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of $G$. The Esrada index of $G$ is defined as $EE(G)=\\sum_{i=1}^{n}e^{\\lambda_i(G)}$. In this paper we determine the unique graph with maximum Estrada index among bicyclic graphs with fixed order.

  1. > FOR CONFERENCE-RELATED PAPERS, REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR SESSION NUMBER, E.G., AB-02 (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE) Computation of eddy current losses in Soft Magnetic Composites1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -CLICK HERE) eddy current losses in Soft Magnetic Composites1 2 C. Appino1 , O. Bottauscio1, Italy6 7 We compute the classical eddy current losses in Soft Magnetic Composite (SMC) materials, taking into account the eddy current8 paths appearing at the scale of the sample cross-section because of random

  2. INDEX TO VOLUME 144 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of individuals, and routine front and back matter. The Subject Index follows a standard format. Geographic, authigenesis, B:465­466 aliphatic aci

  3. Korean Classics Indexing Project Database Korean Classics Indexing Project Database is a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Po, Lai-Man

    Korean Classics Indexing Project Database · Korean Classics Indexing Project Database is a database written in Chinese · The database serves as a discovery tool to support teaching, learning and research's works shows that the Korean Database can help promote not only the research of Korean studies, but also

  4. INDEX TO VOLUME 143 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or concept appears, and (2) a subentry, defined as an elaboration

  5. INDEX TO VOLUME 141 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    format. Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration of the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index is in two

  6. INDEX TO VOLUME 139 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a standard format. Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  7. INDEX TO VOLUME 145 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    format. Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion to the Ocean Drill- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  8. Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

    2013-01-01

    Hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and battery electric vehicles offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gases, as well as to offer a financial benefit to the driver. However, assessing these potential benefits is complicated by several factors, including the driving habits of the operator. We focus on driver aggression, i.e., the level of acceleration and velocity characteristic of travel, to (1) assess its variation within large, real-world drive datasets, (2) quantify its effect on both vehicle efficiency and economics for multiple vehicle types, (3) compare these results to those of standard drive cycles commonly used in the industry, and (4) create a representative drive cycle for future analyses where standard drive cycles are lacking.

  9. Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

    2013-03-01

    Hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and battery electric vehicles offer the potential to reduce both oil imports and greenhouse gases, as well as to offer a financial benefit to the driver. However, assessing these potential benefits is complicated by several factors, including the driving habits of the operator. We focus on driver aggression, i.e., the level of acceleration and velocity characteristic of travel, to (1) assess its variation within large, real-world drive datasets, (2) quantify its effect on both vehicle efficiency and economics for multiple vehicle types, (3) compare these results to those of standard drive cycles commonly used in the industry, and (4) create a representative drive cycle for future analyses where standard drive cycles are lacking.

  10. Static Score Bucketing in Inverted Indexes Chavdar Botev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontoura, Marcus F.

    Static Score Bucketing in Inverted Indexes Chavdar Botev Cornell University 4130 Upson Hall Ithaca results when the entire inverted lists cannot be pro- cessed. This heuristic, however, increases the cost of index generation and requires complex index build algorithms. In this paper, we study a new index

  11. INDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS WITH AVAILABILITY CONSTRAINTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dayanik, Savas

    down and repair is an option at some cost, and we derive the corresponding Whittle index policy. WeINDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS WITH AVAILABILITY CONSTRAINTS SAVAS DAYANIK, WARREN the non-existence of an optimal index policy and propose the so-called Whittle index policy after

  12. XML Index Recommendation with Tight Optimizer Iman Elghandour 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aboulnaga, Ashraf

    workload while taking into account the cost of updating the index on data modification. RecommendingXML Index Recommendation with Tight Optimizer Coupling Iman Elghandour 1 , Ashraf Aboulnaga 1 the best set of indexes for a given workload. In this paper, we present an XML Index Advisor that solves

  13. Managing the Drivers of Air Flow and Water Vapor Transport in Existing Single Family Homes (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummings, J.; Withers, C.; Martin, E.; Moyer, N.

    2012-10-01

    This document focuses on managing the driving forces which move air and moisture across the building envelope. While other previously published Measure Guidelines focus on elimination of air pathways, the ultimate goal of this Measure Guideline is to manage drivers which cause air flow and water vapor transport across the building envelope (and also within the home), control air infiltration, keep relative humidity (RH) within acceptable limits, avoid combustion safety problems, improve occupant comfort, and reduce house energy use.

  14. Managing the Drivers of Air Flow and Water Vapor Transport in Existing Single-Family Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummings, James; Withers, Charles; Martin, Eric; Moyer, Neil

    2012-10-01

    This report is a revision of an earlier report titled: Measure Guideline: Managing the Drivers of Air Flow and Water Vapor Transport in Existing Single-Family Homes. Revisions include: Information in the text box on page 1 was revised to reflect the most accurate information regarding classifications as referenced in the 2012 International Residential Code. “Measure Guideline” was dropped from the title of the report. An addition was made to the reference list.

  15. DRIVER ACCELERATOR DESIGN FOR THE 10 KW UPGRADE OF THE JEFFERSON LAB IR FEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DRIVER ACCELERATOR DESIGN FOR THE 10 KW UPGRADE OF THE JEFFERSON LAB IR FEL D. Douglas, S. V, Newport News, VA23606, USA Abstract An upgrade of the Jefferson Lab IR FEL [1] is now un- der construction. It will provide 10 kW output light power in a wavelength range of 2­10 µm. The FEL will be driven by a modest

  16. Design of a new main injector cavity for the Fermilab Proton Driver era

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, V.; Chen, A.; Qian, Z.; Wildman, D.W.; /Fermilab

    2005-05-01

    In the design report of the Fermilab Proton Driver [1], the Main Injector (MI) needs to be upgraded to a 2 MW machine. For the Main Injector radiofrequency (rf) upgrade, R&D efforts are launched to design and build a new rf system. This paper presents the new cavity design study for the rf system. The cavity is simulated with the design code Mafia [2].

  17. Where do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Don Scoffield

    2014-03-01

    This paper invesigates where Nissan Leaf drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at work, home, or some other location?

  18. Where do Chevrolet Volt drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Don Scoffield

    2014-03-01

    This paper investigates where Chevy Volt drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at home, work, or some other location.

  19. Plasmonic crystal enhanced refractive index sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, Benedikt; Devaux, Eloïse; Genet, Cyriaque Ebbesen, Thomas W.

    2014-06-23

    We demonstrate experimentally how the local anisotropy of the dispersion relation of surface plasmon modes propagating over periodic metal gratings can lead to an enhancement of the figure of merit of refractive index sensors. Exploiting the possibility to acquire defocused images of the Fourier space of a highly stable leakage radiation microscope, we report a twofold increase in sensing sensitivity close to the band gap of a one-dimensional plasmonic crystal where the anisotropy of the band structure is the most important. A practical sensing resolution of O(10{sup ?6}) refractive index units is demonstrated.

  20. Inflation models, spectral index and observational constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Covi

    2000-03-30

    We have evaluated the observational constraints on the spectral index $n$, in the context of a $\\Lambda$CDM model. For $n$ scale-independent, as predicted by most models of inflation, present data require $n\\simeq 1.0 \\pm 0.1$ at the 2-$\\sigma$ level. We have also studied the two-parameter scale-dependent spectral index, predicted by running-mass inflation models. Present data allow significant variation of $n$ in this case, within the theoretically preferred region of parameter space.

  1. How to Apply for a NYS License If after reading through the Drivers From Other Nations section on the following page, you decide that you need to apply for a NYS license,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    11/19/14 How to Apply for a NYS License If after reading through the Drivers From Other Nations section on the following page, you decide that you need to apply for a NYS license, these are some basic for your test. http://dmv.ny.gov/driver-license/nys-dmv-drivers-manual-online-drivers- manual

  2. Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Margolis, R. M.; Ong, S.; Roberts, B.

    2009-12-01

    Grid parity--or break-even cost--for photovoltaic (PV) technology is defined as the point where the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. Break-even cost is expressed in $/W of an installed system. Achieving break-even cost is a function of many variables. Consequently, break-even costs vary by location and time for a country, such as the United States, with a diverse set of resources, electricity prices, and other variables. In this report, we analyze PV break-even costs for U.S. residential customers. We evaluate some key drivers of grid parity both regionally and over time. We also examine the impact of moving from flat to time-of-use (TOU) rates, and we evaluate individual components of the break-even cost, including effect of rate structure and various incentives. Finally, we examine how PV markets might evolve on a regional basis considering the sensitivity of the break-even cost to four major drivers: technical performance, financing parameters, electricity prices and rates, and policies. We find that local incentives rather than ?technical? parameters are in general the key drivers of the break-even cost of PV. Additionally, this analysis provides insight about the potential viability of PV markets.

  3. Analysis of the Ultra-fast Switching Dynamics in a Hybrid MOSFET/Driver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tang, T.; Burkhart, C.; /SLAC

    2011-08-17

    The turn-on dynamics of a power MOSFET during ultra-fast, {approx} ns, switching are discussed in this paper. The testing was performed using a custom hybrid MOSFET/Driver module, which was fabricated by directly assembling die-form components, power MOSFET and drivers, on a printed circuit board. By using die-form components, the hybrid approach substantially reduces parasitic inductance, which facilitates ultra-fast switching. The measured turn on time of the hybrid module with a resistive load is 1.2 ns with an applied voltage of 1000 V and drain current of 33 A. Detailed analysis of the switching waveforms reveals that switching behavior must be interpreted differently in the ultra-fast regime. For example, the gate threshold voltage to turn on the device is observed to increase as the switching time decreases. Further analysis and simulation of MOSFET switching behavior shows that the minimum turn on time scales with the product of the drain-source on resistance and drain-source capacitance, R{sub DS(on)}C{sub OSS}. This information will be useful in power MOSFET selection and gate driver design for ultra-fast switching applications.

  4. Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

    2013-05-01

    This presentation discusses a method of accounting for realistic levels of driver aggression to higher-level vehicle studies, including the impact of variation in real-world driving characteristics (acceleration and speed) on vehicle energy consumption and different powertrains (e.g., conventionally powered vehicles versus electrified drive vehicles [xEVs]). Aggression variation between drivers can increase fuel consumption by more than 50% or decrease it by more than 20% from average. The normalized fuel consumption deviation from average as a function of population percentile was found to be largely insensitive to powertrain. However, the traits of ideal driving behavior are a function of powertrain. In conventional vehicles, kinetic losses dominate rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses. In xEVs with regenerative braking, rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses dominate. The relation of fuel consumption predicted from real-world drive data to that predicted by the industry-standard HWFET, UDDS, LA92, and US06 drive cycles was not consistent across powertrains, and varied broadly from the mean, median, and mode of real-world driving. A drive cycle synthesized by NREL's DRIVE tool accurately and consistently reproduces average real-world for multiple powertrains within 1%, and can be used to calculate the fuel consumption effects of varying levels of driver aggression.

  5. Survey of Laser Markets Relevant to Inertial Fusion Energy Drivers, information for National Research Council

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bayramian, A J; Deri, R J; Erlandson, A C

    2011-02-24

    Development of a new technology for commercial application can be significantly accelerated by leveraging related technologies used in other markets. Synergies across multiple application domains attract research and development (R and D) talent - widening the innovation pipeline - and increases the market demand in common components and subsystems to provide performance improvements and cost reductions. For these reasons, driver development plans for inertial fusion energy (IFE) should consider the non-fusion technology base that can be lveraged for application to IFE. At this time, two laser driver technologies are being proposed for IFE: solid-state lasers (SSLs) and KrF gas (excimer) lasers. This document provides a brief survey of organizations actively engaged in these technologies. This is intended to facilitate comparison of the opportunities for leveraging the larger technical community for IFE laser driver development. They have included tables that summarize the commercial organizations selling solid-state and KrF lasers, and a brief summary of organizations actively engaged in R and D on these technologies.

  6. HESFIRE: a global fire model to explore the role of anthropogenic and weather drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Le Page, Yannick LB; Morton, Douglas; Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Pereira, Jose M.; Hurtt, George C.

    2015-01-01

    Vegetation fires are a major driver of ecosystem dynamics and greenhouse gas emissions. Anticipating potential changes in fire activity and their impacts relies first on a realistic model of fire activity (e.g., fire incidence and interannual variability) and second on a model accounting for fire impacts (e.g., mortality and emissions). In this paper, we focus on our understanding of fire activity and describe a new fire model, HESFIRE (Human–Earth System FIRE), which integrates the influence of weather, vegetation characteristics, and human activities on fires in a stand-alone framework. It was developed with a particular emphasis on allowing fires to spread over consecutive days given their major contribution to burned areas in many ecosystems. A subset of the model parameters was calibrated through an optimization procedure using observation data to enhance our knowledge of regional drivers of fire activity and improve the performance of the model on a global scale. Modeled fire activity showed reasonable agreement with observations of burned area, fire seasonality, and interannual variability in many regions, including for spatial and temporal domains not included in the optimization procedure. Significant discrepancies are investigated, most notably regarding fires in boreal regions and in xeric ecosystems and also fire size distribution. The sensitivity of fire activity to model parameters is analyzed to explore the dominance of specific drivers across regions and ecosystems. The characteristics of HESFIRE and the outcome of its evaluation provide insights into the influence of anthropogenic activities and weather, and their interactions, on fire activity.

  7. Reliable, high repetition rate thyratron grid driver used with a magnetic modulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, J.V.; Ball, D.G.; Garrett, D.N.

    1991-06-14

    The Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory uses a magnetic modulator switched by a high voltage thyratron to drive a gas discharge laser. The thyratron trigger source must provide an extremely reliable, low jitter, high- rep-rate grid pulse. This paper describes a thyratron grid driver which delivers a 1.2 kV, 80 ns rise time grid pulse into a 50 ohm load at up to 4.5 kHz repetition rate and has demonstrated approximately 10,000 hours MTBF. Since the thyratron is used with a magnetic compression circuit having a delay time of 1.4 ms this grid driver incorporates a jitter compensation circuit to adjust the trigger timing of the thyratron to provide overall modulator/laser jitter of less than {plus minus} 2 ns. The specific grid driver requirements will be discussed followed by a description of the circuit design and theory of operation. Construction comments will be followed by performance data (for a specific thyratron and magnetic compression circuit), including pulse shape, jitter, and lifetime. 1 ref., 10 figs.

  8. Index des auteurs ABELES Marc, 38

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    Index des auteurs 1 ABELES Marc, 38 ACHARD Pierre, 36 AGUER Pierre, 3 ALART Pierre, 9 ALBAREDE Francis, 13 ALBRECHT Michèle, 4 ALBRECHT Pierre, 20 ALLEGRET André, 13 ALLET Christian, 12 ALLIES Paul, 40 ALLINQUANT Bernadette, 25 ALVINERIE André-Paul, 22 AMATORE Christian, 17 AMBROISE-THOMAS Pierre, 22 AMBROISE

  9. Indexed Predicate Discovery for Unbounded System Verification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Randal E.

    and systems with arbitrary number of identical, concurrent processes, the system model must support state of a set of identical processes can be modeled as functions mapping an integer process idenIndexed Predicate Discovery for Unbounded System Verification Shuvendu K. Lahiri and Randal E

  10. forreading. Sustainability Index for Water Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    -made sustainability indexes are defined for water users in Mexico, the United States, the environment, and for meeting their ecological, environmental and hydrological integrity." Although this concept is still valid, water management impact on a system. Thus, the objective is to look for policies that reduce the adverse impacts of actual

  11. Date: _____________ Page ______ of ______ DESIGNATION: ________________________________________________ CHART & INDEX #: ______________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsai, Istvan

    : ________________________________________________ CHART & INDEX #: ______________________ Credit Card Authorization for Deposit to ETSU Foundation Funds I certify that these funds should be deposited in the ETSU Foundation account listed and not in a University: ___________________________ Fax: _______________ East Tennessee State University--Advancement Services ETSU Advancement Services

  12. A Public Sentiment Index for Ecosystem Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    . Ecosystem 9:463:473 #12;which TAC are evaluated, and hence require basic information, of lower precisionA Public Sentiment Index for Ecosystem Management Ratana Chuenpagdee,1 * Lisa Liguori,2 Dave ABSTRACT Although ecosystem-based management can lead to sustainable resource use, its successful imple

  13. ChemLin Home Chemistry index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    Publishing press releases Chemistry Conferences German News Companies and products Chemicals Job market ChemChemLin Home Chemistry index Chemistry A to Z News Latest news News archive New chemistry sitesLin inside © 2004 Digitalverlag GmbH ASU researchers finds novel chemistry at work to provide parrot

  14. SUBJECT INDEX advection, pore water, A:3031

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographical, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapterSUBJECT INDEX A advection, pore water, A:30­31 alkalinity bacterial activity, A:30 vs. depth, A:32, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or con- cept

  15. Briefly Noted Automatic Indexing and Abstracting of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The TIPSTER SUMMAC Text Summarization Evaluation, Final Report. The MITRE Corporation, report number MTR 98W abstracting and indexing has received re- newed interest and a number of promising approaches have emerged to the final evaluation of the method. The system developed by the author combines symbolic techniques

  16. Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index A (1) City & State Atlas A (2) Astronomy Atlas A (3) U.S. Atlas A (4) Water Atlas A (5) South America & Central America A (6) Africa, Asia, &, Antarctica A (7) Mexico) SAN ANTONIO QUICK FINDER MAPS F 1373 .B46 F4 1990 33. A (1) SURFACE WATER RESOURCES OF TEXAS MAPS G

  17. GENERAL INDEX Alaska, Karluk Lake____________________________________ 407

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : index (Parts I-IVl 663-673 Part III: Prince William Sound, Copper River, and Bering River 187-247 Part atronasus lunatus, Rhlnichthys__________________________ 327 aureolum, Moxostoma_ 320 Bali, Edward M: Prince WilHam Sound, Copper River, and Bering River 187-247 Part IV: Southeastern Alaska 437-663 bairdli

  18. Fractal index, central charge and fractons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellington da Cruz; Rosevaldo de Oliveira

    2000-10-10

    We introduce the notion of fractal index associated with the universal class $h$ of particles or quasiparticles, termed fractons, which obey specific fractal statistics. A connection between fractons and conformal field theory(CFT)-quasiparticles is established taking into account the central charge $c[\

  19. Fractal statistics, fractal index and fractons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellington da Cruz

    2000-10-10

    The concept of fractal index is introduced in connection with the idea of universal class $h$ of particles or quasiparticles, termed fractons, which obey fractal statistics. We show the relation between fractons and conformal field theory(CFT)-quasiparticles taking into account the central charge $c[\

  20. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, July--September 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-03-01

    This digest and index lists the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) issuances for July to September 1997. Issuances are from the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking. There are five sections to this index: (1) case name index, (2) headers and digests, (3) legal citations index, (4) subject index, and (5) facility index. The digest provides a brief narrative of the issue, including the resolution of the issue and any legal references used for resolution.

  1. Bicyclic graphs with maximal revised Szeged index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xueliang

    2011-01-01

    The revised Szeged index $Sz^*(G)$ is defined as $Sz^*(G)=\\sum_{e=uv \\in E}(n_u(e)+ n_0(e)/2)(n_v(e)+ n_0(e)/2),$ where $n_u(e)$ and $n_v(e)$ are, respectively, the number of vertices of $G$ lying closer to vertex $u$ than to vertex $v$ and the number of vertices of $G$ lying closer to vertex $v$ than to vertex $u$, and $n_0(e)$ is the number of vertices equidistant to $u$ and $v$. Hansen used the AutoGraphiX and made the following conjecture about the revised Szeged index for a connected bicyclic graph $G$ of order $n \\geq 6$:

  2. Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imamura, Yosuke

    2015-01-01

    We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.

  3. Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yosuke Imamura

    2015-10-28

    We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.

  4. Indexes for selected equipment show moderate increase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, G.

    1997-04-07

    Costs for six selected equipment items used in refining construction operations have been surveyed for the 3 years, 1994--1996. The accompanying table shows Nelson-Farrar equipment indexes for these items of equipment. The six categories of equipment tracked are bubble trays, fractionating towers, tube stills, valves and fittings, tanks and pressure vessels, and non-metallic building materials. Tables also present data on operating costs for materials, labor, and equipment.

  5. Matched Index of Refraction Flow Facility

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Mcllroy, Hugh

    2013-05-28

    What's 27 feet long, 10 feet tall and full of mineral oil (3000 gallons' worth)? If you said INL's Matched Index of Refraction facility, give yourself a gold star. Scientists use computers to model the inner workings of nuclear reactors, and MIR helps validate those models. INL's Hugh McIlroy explains in this video. You can learn more about INL energy research at the lab's facebook site http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  6. Author Index Abezgauz, Ludmila P1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jan M.L.

    Author Index Abezgauz, Ludmila P1 Abu-Reziq, Raed S1b3 Abutbul, Inbal P130 Adadi, Racheli P2 Addadi, Lia S2c5, P67, P123, P129, P159, P182 Adler, Michal P69 Afri, Michal P3, P26, P38 Agmon, Noam P131 Aharoni, Anna P4 Aharonov, Yakir P106 Akiva, Udi S4c1 Albeck, Amnon S1c5, P5 Albu-Yaron, Ana P210

  7. Index, 1983 Achromobacter. 4-6: 35

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index, 1983 A Achromobacter. 4-6: 35 Actor. Ann T.--see Loughlin et al. Aerobic plate COunt (APe, 3:19 seed beds, 3:1 condition oy estuary, 3 fouling oryanisms, 3:5 ideal conditlon, 3, starfiSh, 3:5 Atlantlc oonlto, Sarda sarda, 1:16 Atlantic COd, Gadus mor~1:1, 5-6; 1-9:21, 14; 10

  8. HESFIRE: a global fire model to explore the role of anthropogenic and weather drivers

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Le Page, Yannick LB; Morton, Douglas; Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Pereira, Jose M.; Hurtt, George C.

    2015-02-13

    Vegetation fires are a major driver of ecosystem dynamics and greenhouse gas emissions. Anticipating potential changes in fire activity and their impacts relies first on a realistic model of fire activity (e.g., fire incidence and interannual variability) and second on a model accounting for fire impacts (e.g., mortality and emissions). In this paper, we focus on our understanding of fire activity and describe a new fire model, HESFIRE (Human–Earth System FIRE), which integrates the influence of weather, vegetation characteristics, and human activities on fires in a stand-alone framework. It was developed with a particular emphasis on allowing fires to spreadmore »over consecutive days given their major contribution to burned areas in many ecosystems. A subset of the model parameters was calibrated through an optimization procedure using observation data to enhance our knowledge of regional drivers of fire activity and improve the performance of the model on a global scale. Modeled fire activity showed reasonable agreement with observations of burned area, fire seasonality, and interannual variability in many regions, including for spatial and temporal domains not included in the optimization procedure. Significant discrepancies are investigated, most notably regarding fires in boreal regions and in xeric ecosystems and also fire size distribution. The sensitivity of fire activity to model parameters is analyzed to explore the dominance of specific drivers across regions and ecosystems. The characteristics of HESFIRE and the outcome of its evaluation provide insights into the influence of anthropogenic activities and weather, and their interactions, on fire activity.« less

  9. Overview of proton drivers for neutrino super beams and neutrino factories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chou, W.; /Fermilab

    2006-06-01

    There has been a world-wide interest in Proton Drivers in the past decade. Numerous design proposals have been presented in Asia, Europe and North America, ranging from low energy rapid cycling synchrotrons, normal or superconducting linacs to high energy slow cycling synchrotrons and FFAGs. One thing in common is that all these machines provide MW beam power and are used primarily for neutrino experiments. This paper gives an overview of these activities. In the last section the author expresses his personal opinion on the future of this field.

  10. Low-jitter high-power thyristor array pulse driver and generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanks, Roy L. (Byron, CA)

    2002-01-01

    A method and apparatus for generating low-jitter, high-voltage and high-current pulses for driving low impedance loads such as detonator fuses uses a MOSFET driver which, when triggered, discharges a high-voltage pre-charged capacitor into the primary of a toroidal current-multiplying transformer with multiple isolated secondary windings. The secondary outputs are suitable for driving an array of thyristors that discharge a precharged high-voltage capacitor and thus generating the required high-voltage and high-current pulse.

  11. Linear beam raster magnet driver based on H-bridge technique

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sinkine, Nikolai I.; Yan, Chen; Apeldoorn, Cornelis; Dail, Jeffrey Glenn; Wojcik, Randolph Frank; Gunning, William

    2006-06-06

    An improved raster magnet driver for a linear particle beam is based on an H-bridge technique. Four branches of power HEXFETs form a two-by-two switch. Switching the HEXFETs in a predetermined order and at the right frequency produces a triangular current waveform. An H-bridge controller controls switching sequence and timing. The magnetic field of the coil follows the shape of the waveform and thus steers the beam using a triangular rather than a sinusoidal waveform. The system produces a raster pattern having a highly uniform raster density distribution, eliminates target heating from non-uniform raster density distributions, and produces higher levels of beam current.

  12. HIV/AIDS Prevention among The Male Population: Results of a Peer-Education Program For Taxicab and Tricycle Drivers in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morisky, Donald E

    2008-01-01

    and truck drivers in the Philippines. Occupational SafetyLabour and Employment, Philippines. United Nations EconomicRisk Reduction Program in the Philippines: A Comprehensive

  13. Supplement Table 1. Mean environmental drivers at Brasil flux sites. Precipitation (Prec) from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), for site-specific tower measurement years and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    Supplement Table 1. Mean environmental drivers at Brasil flux sites. Precipitation (Prec) from #12;Supplement Table 2. Brasil flux sites instrumentation and measuring methods. *: non aspirated

  14. SUPERCONNECTIONS AND HIGHER INDEX THEORY Department of Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lott, John

    SUPERCONNECTIONS AND HIGHER INDEX THEORY John Lott Department of Mathematics University of Michigan of the "higher" index of a Dirac-type operator on M. Using superconnections, we give a heat equation proof

  15. Characteristics of spot-market rate indexes for truckload transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bignell, Andrew (Andrew Souglas)

    2013-01-01

    In the truckload transportation industry in the United States, a number of indexes are published that attempt to measure changes in rates, but no single index has emerged as an industry standard. Industry participants, ...

  16. The Differential Approach to Superlative Index Number Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, William A.; Choi, Ki-Hong; Sinclair, Tara M.

    2003-09-01

    Diewert’s “superlative” index numbers, defined to be exact for second-order aggregator functions, unify index number theory with aggregation theory but have been difficult to identify. We present a new approach to finding ...

  17. GROUPOIDS AND AN INDEX THEOREM FOR CONICAL PSEUDO-MANIFOLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nistor, Victor

    ] as well as [6, 26, 45, 46]. The index theorem for families and Bismut's superconnection formalism play

  18. Comp 5311 Database Management Systems 8. Indexing Exercises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadias, Dimitris

    ] Assuming that the Film relation is sorted on the Title and there is no index what is the cost (in terms for these entries, and what is the cost of retrieving the record of an employee with a given eid: index entry size = 10 bytes, 100 entries per page, 1,000 pages for the index, cost: log21000+1 Indexing Problem 2 (cont

  19. GRAIL: Scalable Reachability Index for Large Graphs Hilmi Yildirim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaki, Mohammed Javeed

    GRAIL: Scalable Reachability Index for Large Graphs Hilmi Yildirim Rensselaer Polytechnic large real-world graphs. We present a very simple, but scalable reachability index, called GRAIL on small graphs, GRAIL is the only index that can scale to millions of nodes and edges. GRAIL has linear

  20. An XML Index Advisor for DB2 Iman Elghandour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aboulnaga, Ashraf

    workload, while taking into account the cost of updating the index on data modification. Details about our its index selection and cost estimation capabilities, and provides a solid and easy way for ensuringAn XML Index Advisor for DB2 Iman Elghandour University of Waterloo Waterloo, ON, Canada ielghand

  1. Review: Balancing Limiting Factors and Economic Drivers to Achieve Sustainable Midwestern US Agricultural Residue Feedstock Supplies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wally W. Wilhelm; J. Richard Hess; Douglas L. Karlen; David J. Muth; Jane M. F. Johnson; John M. Baker; Hero T. Gollany; Jeff M. Novak; Diane E. Stott; Gary E. Varvel

    2010-10-01

    Advanced biofuels will be developed using cellulosic feedstock rather than grain or oilseed crops that can also be used for food and feed. To be sustainable, these new agronomic production systems must be economically viable without degrading soil resources. This review examines six agronomic factors that collectively define many of the limits and opportunities for harvesting crop residue for biofuel feedstock. These six “limiting factors” are discussed in relationship to economic drivers associated with harvesting corn (Zea mays L.) stover as a potential cellulosic feedstock. The limiting factors include soil organic carbon, wind and water erosion, plant nutrient balance, soil water and temperature dynamics, soil compaction, and off-site environmental impacts. Initial evaluations using the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation 2.0 (RUSLE2) show that a single factor analysis based on simply meeting tolerable soil loss might indicate stover could be harvested sustainably, but the same analysis based on maintaining soil organic carbon shows the practice to be non-sustainable. Modifying agricultural management to include either annual or perennial cover crops is shown to meet both soil erosion and soil carbon requirements. The importance of achieving high yields and planning in a holistic manner at the landscape scale are also shown to be crucial for balancing limitations and drivers associated with renewable bioenergy production.

  2. Optimizing and Diversifying Electric Vehicle Driving Range for U.S. Drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    Properly determining the driving range is critical for accurately predicting the sales and social benefits of battery electric vehicles (BEVs). This study proposes a framework for optimizing the driving range by minimizing the sum of battery price, electricity cost, and range limitation cost referred to as the range-related cost as a measurement of range anxiety. The objective function is linked to policy-relevant parameters, including battery cost and price markup, battery utilization, charging infrastructure availability, vehicle efficiency, electricity and gasoline prices, household vehicle ownership, daily driving patterns, discount rate, and perceived vehicle lifetime. Qualitative discussion of the framework and its empirical application to a sample (N=36,664) representing new car drivers in the United States is included. The quantitative results strongly suggest that ranges of less than 100 miles are likely to be more popular in the BEV market for a long period of time. The average optimal range among U.S. drivers is found to be largely inelastic. Still, battery cost reduction significantly drives BEV demand toward longer ranges, whereas improvement in the charging infrastructure is found to significantly drive BEV demand toward shorter ranges. The bias of a single-range assumption and the effects of range optimization and diversification in reducing such biases are both found to be significant.

  3. Breakeven Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities (Report Summary) (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Margolis, R. M.; Ong, S.; Roberts, B.

    2009-12-01

    "Break-even cost" for photovoltaic (PV) technology is defined as the point where the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. Break-even cost is expressed in $/W of an installed system. Achieving break-even cost is a function of many variables. Consequently, break-even costs vary by location and time for a country, such as the United States, with a diverse set of resources, electricity prices, and other variables. In this presentation, we introduce an analysis of PV break-even costs for residential customers in the United States, including an evaluation of some of the key drivers of PV breakeven both regionally and over time. This presentation includes our methodology and presents results for both near-term residential breakeven costs(2009) and future market sensitivities of break-even costs (2015). See also the the report "Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities". Presentation for NREL/TP-6A2-45991.

  4. La neutrino factory del CERN e i problemi radiologici dell'annesso proton driver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bressan, Beatrice Alessandra

    2001-01-01

    The thesis, La Neutrino Factory del CERN e i problemi radiologici dell’annesso proton driver (CERN Neutrino Factory and the radiological problems of the annex proton driver), deals with the new particle accelerators for the post LHC (Large Hadron Collider) era. The first part of the work describes these innovative accelerators with particular emphasis on the muon collider which, producing ?+/?? collisions in the 100 GeV energy range, should explore deeply the Higgs Boson physics. The second part of the thesis describes the three-step scenario proposed for the muon accelerators: Neutrino Factory, Higgs Factory and a collider with TeV C.M. energy. The third chapter explains how a Neutrino Factory works. In a Neutrino Factory the neutrino beam is generated by high-energy muons decaying in a storage ring. The muons are produced by pions generated in a target bombarded by an intense proton beam. In the CERN project, the proton beam is produced by a super conducting LINAC (with 75 Hz frequency and 2.2 GeV ene...

  5. Reliability and Failure Modes of Solid-State Lighting Electrical Drivers Subjected to Accelerated Aging

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lall, Pradeep; Sakalaukus, Peter; Davis, Lynn

    2015-02-19

    An investigation of an off-the-shelf solid-state lighting device with the primary focus on the accompanied light-emitting diode (LED) electrical driver (ED) has been conducted. A set of 10 EDs were exposed to temperature humidity life testing of 85% RH and 85 #14;C (85/85) without an electrical bias per the JEDEC standard JESD22-A101C in order to accelerate the ingress of moisture into the aluminum electrolytic capacitor (AEC) and the EDs in order to assess the reliability of the LED drivers for harsh environment applications. The capacitance and equivalent series resistance for each AEC inside the ED were measured using a handheldmore »LCR meter as possible leading indications of failure. The photometric quantities of a single pristine light engine were monitored in order to investigate the interaction between the light engine and the EDs. These parameters were used in assessing the overall reliability of the EDs. In addition, a comparative analysis has been conducted between the 85/85 accelerated test data and a previously published high-temperature storage life accelerated test of 135°C. The results of the 85/85 acceleration test and the comparative analysis are presented in this paper.« less

  6. A thirty-two clock hour driver education classroom curriculum guide 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, William Lee

    1990-01-01

    A THIRTY-TWO CLOCK HOUR DRIVER EDUCATION CLASSROOM CURRICULUM GUIDE A R e c o r d o f St u d y by WILLIAM LEE RICHARDSON S u b m i t t e d t o t h e O f f i c e o f G r a d u a t e S t u d i e s o f Texas A&M U n i v e r s i t y i n p a r t i... a l f u l f i l l m e n t o f t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r t h e de g r e e o f DOCTOR OF EDUCATION December 1990 M a j o r S u b j e c t : I n d u s t r i a l E d u c a t i o n A THIRTY-TWO CLOCK HOUR DRIVER EDUCATION CLASSROOM...

  7. INDEX TO VOLUME 151 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers text, figures

  8. Entanglement creation with negative index metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Siomau; Ali A. Kamli; Sergey A. Moiseev; Barry C. Sanders

    2012-05-21

    We propose a scheme for creating of a maximally entangled state comprising two field quanta. In our scheme, two weak light fields, which are initially prepared in either coherent or polarization states, interact with a composite medium near an interface between a dielectric and a negative index metamaterial. Such interaction leads to a large Kerr nonlinearity, reduction of the group velocity of the light and significant confinement of the light fields while simultaneously avoiding amplitude losses of the incoming radiation. All these considerations make our scheme efficient.

  9. Index2.doc | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report11,SecurityHomeRemarks AsIndex2.doc More Documents &

  10. Energy Development Index (EDI) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto Electric Coop, Inc JumpElko,ServiziEnergyIndex (EDI) Jump to:

  11. Laboratory Equipment Donation Program - Site Index

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and masthead BerkeleySite Index Home About Us

  12. Electronic Aromaticity Index for Large Rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matito, Eduard

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a new electronic aromaticity index, AV1245, consisting in the average of the 4-center MCI values along the ring that keep a positional relationship of 1,2,4,5. AV1245 measures the extent of transferability of the delocalized electrons between bonds 1-2 and 4-5, which is expected to be large in conjugated circuits and, therefore, in aromatic molecules. A new algorithm for the calculation of MCI for large rings is also introduced and used to produce the data for the calibration of the new aromaticity index. AV1245 does not rely on reference values, does not suffer from large numerical precision errors, and it does not present any limitation on the nature of atoms, the molecular geometry or the level of calculation. It is a size-extensive measure with a small computational cost that grows linearly with the number of ring members. Therefore, it is specially suitable to study the aromaticity of large molecular rings as those occurring in belt-shaped M\\"obius structures or porphyrins.

  13. Authorization and Driving History Form The following information will be retained on file by all agencies on their drivers authorized to operate a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    agencies on their drivers authorized to operate a State vehicle, or a private vehicle for state purposes ___________________________________________ Position: Staff_____ Faculty_____ Student_____ Is employee's primary purpose to drive vehicles? Yes_____ No/her private vehicle in the course and scope of employment? Yes_____ No_____ Date of last Driver Training

  14. Combined image and genomic analysis of high-grade serous ovarian cancer reveals PTEN loss as a common driver event and prognostic classifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Filipe C.; de Santiago, Ines; Trinh, Anne; Xian, Jian; Guo, Anne; Sayal, Karen; Jimenez-Linan, Mercedes; Deen, Suha; Driver, Kristy; Mack, Marie; Aslop, Jennifer; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Markowetz, Florian; Brenton, James D.

    2014-12-17

    TP53 and BRCA1/2 mutations are the main drivers in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). We hypothesise that combining tissue phenotypes from image analysis of tumour sections with genomic profiles could reveal other significant driver events...

  15. INDEX TO VOLUME 130 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also) a main entry, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or concept appears, and (2) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry followed by a page

  16. Investigation of the utility of the vegetation condition index (VCI) as an indicator of drought 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganesh, Srinivasan

    2009-05-15

    The relationship between the satellite-based Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) and frequently used agricultural drought indices like Palmer Drought Severity Index, Palmer’s Z-index, Standard Precipitation Index, percent ...

  17. Laser-seeded modulation instability in a proton driver plasma wakefield accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siemon, Carl; Khudik, Vladimir; Austin Yi, S.; Shvets, Gennady; Pukhov, Alexander

    2013-10-15

    A new method for initiating the modulation instability (MI) of a proton beam in a proton driver plasma wakefield accelerator using a short laser pulse preceding the beam is presented. A diffracting laser pulse is used to produce a plasma wave that provides a seeding modulation of the proton bunch with the period equal to that of the plasma wave. Using the envelope description of the proton beam, this method of seeding the MI is analytically compared with the earlier suggested seeding technique that involves an abrupt truncation of the proton bunch. The full kinetic simulation of a realistic proton bunch is used to validate the analytic results. It is further used to demonstrate that a plasma density ramp placed in the early stages of the laser-seeded MI leads to its stabilization, resulting in sustained accelerating electric fields (of order several hundred MV/m) over long propagation distances (?100–1000 m)

  18. HIGH-POWER FFAG-BASED HEAVY-ION AND PROTON DRIVERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RUGGIERO,A.

    2007-10-01

    Fixed-Field Alternating-Gradient (FFAG) accelerators are being proposed as an alternative to Super-conducting Linacs (SCL), Rapid-Cycling Synchrotrons (RCS) and Cyclotrons for the acceleration of very intense Heavy-Ion and Proton beams in the medium energy range. One application is the acceleration of ions of Uranium-238 to an energy of 400 MeV/u, and the average power of 400 kWatt, and the other a 1-GeV Proton Driver with an average beam power of 10 MWatt. One or two FFAG rings are needed for acceleration of both beams. They adopt a Non-Scaling Lattice (NSL) to reduce the size and the cost of the accelerator. The continuous wave (CW) mode of operation is achieved with the method of Harmonic Number Jump (HNJ).

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MULTIMEDIA, VOL. X, NO. X, APRIL 2012 1 Modeling of Driver Behavior in Real World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busso, Carlos

    (NHTSA) indicated that over 25% of police- reported crashes involved inattentive drivers [1]. The 100-car are in a moving vehicle, they are This work was done when the authors were with Department of Electrical of Electrical Engineering, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, 75080 USA E-mail: busso

  20. Data-Driven Probabilistic Modeling and Verification of Human Driver Behavior D. Sadigh, K. Driggs-Campbell, A. Puggelli,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seshia, Sanjit A.

    Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California, Berkeley. Berkeley, CA Introduction The problem of modeling driver behavior in cars has long been studied, due to its relevance to reduce the number of car fatalities (Cacciabue 2007). In particular, one of the major focuses

  1. TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication an intelligent transportation system, a common platform for inter-vehicle communication is needed. This platform, Directions, etc. Slide bar for areas infront or behind you Your car Other cars Fig. 1. Example of Traffic

  2. CarSafe: A Driver Safety App that Detects Dangerous Driving Behavior using Dual-Cameras on Smartphones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Andrew T.

    , Lorenzo Torresani1 , and Andrew T. Campbell1 Dartmouth College1 , Autonomous National University of Mexico the safety extras? Several research projects have designed vision-based algorithms to detect drowsiness (us classification pipelines at the right time. The front camera pipeline tracks the driver's head pose and direction

  3. Brazil’s Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3C—Fostering Technology Adoption III: International Market Opportunities in Bioenergy Brazil’s Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term? Artur Milanez, Manager of Biofuels Department, Brazilian Development Bank

  4. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1994. Volume 19, Number 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-03-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order. These precede the following indexes: secondary report number index, personal author index, subject index, NRC originating organization index (staff reports), NRC originating organization index (international agreements), NRC contract sponsor index (contractor reports), contractor index, international organization index, and licensed facility index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

  5. Structures with negative index of refraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Soukoulis, Costas M. (Ames, IA); Zhou, Jiangfeng (Ames, IA); Koschny, Thomas (Ames, IA); Zhang, Lei (Ames, IA); Tuttle, Gary (Ames, IA)

    2011-11-08

    The invention provides simplified negative index materials (NIMs) using wire-pair structures, 4-gap single ring split-ring resonator (SRR), fishnet structures and overleaf capacitor SRR. In the wire-pair arrangement, a pair of short parallel wires and continuous wires are used. In the 4-gap single-ring SRR, the SRRs are centered on the faces of a cubic unit cell combined with a continuous wire type resonator. Combining both elements creates a frequency band where the metamaterial is transparent with simultaneously negative .di-elect cons. and .mu.. In the fishnet structure, a metallic mesh on both sides of the dielectric spacer is used. The overleaf capacitor SRR changes the gap capacities to small plate capacitors by making the sections of the SRR ring overlap at the gaps separated by a thin dielectric film. This technique is applicable to conventional SRR gaps but it best deploys for the 4-gap single-ring structures.

  6. Earth Similarity Index with two free parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandra, Suresh; Sharma, Mohit K

    2015-01-01

    We have derived Earth Similarity Index (ESI) with two free parameters m and T. These free parameters are optimized with the consideration that the planet Mars is almost similar to the Earth. For the optimized values of free parameters, the interior-ESI, surface-ESI and ESI for some planets are calculated. The results for m = 0.8 and T = 0.8 are compared with the values obtained by Schulze-Makuch {\\it et al.} (2011). We have found that the exoplanet 55 Cnc f is within 10% away from the threshold value T. The exoplanets HD 69830 c, 55 Cnc c, 55 Cnc f, 61 Vir d and HIP 57050 b are found to have ESI within 10% from the threshold value.

  7. Total transmission and total reflection by zero index materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viet Cuong Nguyen; Lang Chen

    2010-07-01

    In this report, we achieved total transmission and reflection in a slab of zero index materials with defect(s). By controlling the defect's radius and dielectric constant, we can obtain total transmission and reflection of EM wave. The zero index materials, in this report, stand for materials with permittivity and permeability which are simultaneously equal to zero or so called matched impedance zero index materials. Along with theoretical calculations and simulation demonstrations, we also discuss about some possible applications for the proposed structure such as shielding or cloaking an object without restricting its view. We also suggest a way to control total transmission and reflection actively by using tunable refractive index materials such as liquid crystal and BST. The physics behind those phenomena is attributed to intrinsic properties of zero index materials: constant field inside zero index slab.

  8. Indexical Embodiments : : Sensory Cinema and/as Historical Reenactment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, David Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Shaviro, Steven. Post-Cinematic Affect. Winchester, UK;Indexical Holes and Cinematic Possession: Reenacting theThe Emergence of Cinematic Time: Modernity, Contingency, the

  9. Graded-Refractive-Index Glass-based Antireflective Coatings:...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Graded-Refractive-Index Glass-based Antireflective Coatings: BroadbandOmnidirectional Light Harvesting and Self-Cleaning Characteristics Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

  10. Sandia Energy - Results from the Human Resilience Index and Modeling...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Results from the Human Resilience Index and Modeling project were reported recently in the National Intelligence Council's Global Trends 2030 Report Home Infrastructure Security...

  11. Index of /~lipman/papers-older/Other professional publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index of /~lipman/papers-older/Other professional publications. [ICO], Name · Last modified · Size · Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [ ], [1980] Review of ...

  12. Scholarly publications in Latin America: where, oh index, art thou?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez, Ruby Meraz

    2013-01-01

    Scholarly publications in Latin America: where, oh index,not prevalent in scholarly publications or in general non-2013 Gutierrez: Scholarly publications in Latin America its

  13. Essays on Weather Indexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuchs, Alan

    2011-01-01

    and O. Mahul, 2007. “Weather Index Insurance for Agricultureand J. Vickery, 2005. “Weather Insurance in Semi-AridBinswanger, 1993. “Wealth, Weather Risk and the Composition

  14. Auto Indexer Auto-Indexer for Percussive Hammers: Vane Motor Dynamometer Testing

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Su, Jiann

    2012-01-01

    The development of the motor will help to achieve program technical objectives by improving well construction capabilities. This includes enabling high-temperature drilling as well as enhancing directional drilling. A key component in the auto indexer is the drive motor. It is an air-driven vane motor that converts the energy stored in the compressed air to mechanical energy. The motor is attached to hammer-like components which impart an impulsive load onto the drive shaft. The impulsive force on the drive shaft in turn creates an indexing action. A controlled test was performed to characterize the performance of the the vane motor for a given pressure. The Sandia dynamometer test station was used to determine the performance of the motor for a given input pressure.

  15. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January--March 1995. Volume 41, Index 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: case name (owner(s) of facility); full text reference (volume and pagination); issuance number; issues raised by appellants; legal citations (cases, regulations, and statutes); name of facility, docket number; subject matter of issues and/or rulings; type of hearing (for construction permit, operating license, etc.); and type of issuance (memorandum, order, decision, etc.).

  16. Auto Indexer Auto-Indexer for Percussive Hammers: Vane Motor Dynamometer Testing

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Su, Jiann

    The development of the motor will help to achieve program technical objectives by improving well construction capabilities. This includes enabling high-temperature drilling as well as enhancing directional drilling. A key component in the auto indexer is the drive motor. It is an air-driven vane motor that converts the energy stored in the compressed air to mechanical energy. The motor is attached to hammer-like components which impart an impulsive load onto the drive shaft. The impulsive force on the drive shaft in turn creates an indexing action. A controlled test was performed to characterize the performance of the the vane motor for a given pressure. The Sandia dynamometer test station was used to determine the performance of the motor for a given input pressure.

  17. INDEX TO VOLUME 110 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;SUBJECT INDEX Accretion. See Barbados Ridge Accretionary Complex Accretionary wedge Barbados Ridge: Site 671, 227b, 232b-234b, 238b-241b, 310b Barbados Ridge: Site 673, 217b-221b, 236b Barbados Ridge: Site 674, 217b-221b, 223b-224b, 227b Barbados Ridge: Site 675, 232b-234b, 238b-241b Barbados Ridge

  18. SCIAMACHY'S ABSORBING AEROSOL INDEX AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF INSTRUMENT DEGRADATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graaf, Martin de

    SCIAMACHY'S ABSORBING AEROSOL INDEX AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF INSTRUMENT DEGRADATION L. G. Tilstra1- itoring the Absorbing Aerosol Index (AAI) [1] measured by the satellite instrument SCIAMACHY [2]. We find. This we conclude from straightforward calculation of the effect of instrument degradation based

  19. Efficient Indexing Data Structures for Flash-Based Sensor Devices *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najjar, Walid A.

    index structures, MicroHash and MicroGF (Micro Grid Files), exploit the asymmetric read/write and wear GUNOPULOS, WALID A. NAJJAR University of California, Riverside Flash Memory is the most prevalent storage behind these index structures is that expensive random access deletions are completely eliminated. Micro

  20. EDIACARAN AND CAMBRIAN INDEX FOSSILS FROM SONORA, MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagadorn, Whitey

    EDIACARAN AND CAMBRIAN INDEX FOSSILS FROM SONORA, MEXICO by FRANCISCO SOUR-TOVAR*, JAMES W, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Auto´noma de Me´xico, Ciudad Universitaria, Me´xico DF, Mexico Formation near Pitiquito, Sonora, Mexico, and new occurrences of the Neoproterozoic index fossil Cloudina

  1. Productivity index and field behavior: a case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Marianne

    1998-01-01

    ) to explain the irrational behavior of the productivity index in a case study presented. The problem has its origin in a field in north Africa, where irrational behavior of the productivity index (PI) has made it difficult to forecast the field performance...

  2. Sustainability Index for Water Resources Planning and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    demonstrating the use of the index. Tailor-made sustainability indexes are defined for water users in Mexico, environmental and hydrological integrity." Although this concept is still valid, water management policies of systems to actual or expected future changes. Vulnerability is the magnitude of an adverse impact

  3. INDEX TO VOLUME 202 advanced piston corer temperature, magnetic inclina-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Scientific Results portions of Volume 202 of the Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. References:). The index was prepared by Earth Systems, under subcontract to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains:10 Antarctic Circumpolar Current, oceanography, A1:4­6, 113 Antarctic Intermediate Water circulation, A4:2; B1

  4. "Humic Coverage Index" as a Determining Factor Governing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muzzio, Fernando J.

    "Humic Coverage Index" as a Determining Factor Governing Strain-Specific Hydrocarbon Availability, the "humic coverage index" (HCI), provides a measurement of the relative spatial extents and/or thicknesses to modeling biodegradation of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons (phenanthrene, pyrene, and hexadecane

  5. TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY INDEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY INDEX 2001 October 3, 2001 Economic and Technology Index 2001 2 Dear Reader: The known story of the Washington state technology industry has centered of growth such as traffic congestion and high cost of living o Has two factors impeding its technology

  6. Fishery Bulletin Index Volume 103(14), 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    743 Fishery Bulletin Index Volume 103(1­4), 2005 List ot subjects Abundance Argentine hake 445 efficiency 438 Catch per unit of effort 438, 469, 501, 620, 670, 685 Central California Valley Index (CVI Southern Oscillation 685 Endangered Species Act 270 Energetic cost 63 Energy consumption 71 Enhydra lutris

  7. 2014 ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDEX Full Report and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    poverty alleviation, disability rights and human rights advocacy, environmental sustainability, education2014 ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDEX Full Report and Analysis Yale Center for Environmental Law, Toronto, Canada www.epi.yale.edu #12;The 2014 Environmental Performance Index is a joint project between

  8. Caranx: Scalable Social Image Index Using Phylogenetic Tree of Hashtags

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The vectors are quantized and stored in tree-like data structures for fast search. SIFT- based indexing can an efficient algorithm to build/search the PT, and show that using PT structure can effectively avoid unnecessary NRDC computation. The resulting image index provides more accurate and diversified search results1

  9. -INDEX THEOREMS, KK-THEORY, AND CONNECTIONS THOMAS SCHICK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schick, Thomas

    L2 -INDEX THEOREMS, KK-THEORY, AND CONNECTIONS THOMAS SCHICK Abstract. Let M be a compact manifold, Mishchenko-Fomenko index theorem, trace. 1 #12;2 THOMAS SCHICK commutative C -algebra (e.g. the complex to the study of manifolds with metrics of positive scalar curvature are obtained by Hanke and Schick in [6

  10. INDEX TO VOLUME 146 (PART 1) Cascadia Margin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or concept appears, and (2) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  11. EVALUATION OF THE PEEP INDEX AND RECOMMENDED TOXICITY TESTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a Vancouver storm sewer. A flow-weighte~ composite sample from each site was tested for acute toxicity the mathematicalformula used to derive the index. A battery of bioassays is recommended for use in the FraserRiver Basin tliatthe SOS-Chromotest The test battery is identical to that used for the PEEP index, is replaced

  12. On the Utility of Antiprotons as Drivers for Inertial Confinement Fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perkins, L J; Orth, C D; Tabak, M

    2003-10-20

    By contrast to the large mass, complexity and recirculating power of conventional drivers for inertial confinement fusion (ICF), antiproton annihilation offers a specific energy of 90MJ/{micro}g and thus a unique form of energy packaging and delivery. In principle, antiproton drivers could provide a profound reduction in system mass for advanced space propulsion by ICF. We examine the physics underlying the use of antiprotons ({bar p}) to drive various classes of high-yield ICF targets by the methods of volumetric ignition, hotspot ignition and fast ignition. The useable fraction of annihilation deposition energy is determined for both {bar p}-driven ablative compression and {bar p}-driven fast ignition, in association with 0-D and 1-D target burn models. Thereby, we deduce scaling laws for the number of injected antiprotons required per capsule, together with timing and focal spot requirements. The kinetic energy of the injected antiproton beam required to penetrate to the desired annihilation point is always small relative to the deposited annihilation energy. We show that heavy metal seeding of the fuel and/or ablator is required to optimize local deposition of annihilation energy and determine that a minimum of {approx}3x10{sup 15} injected antiprotons will be required to achieve high yield (several hundred megajoules) in any target configuration. Target gains - i.e., fusion yields divided by the available p - {bar p} annihilation energy from the injected antiprotons (1.88GeV/{bar p}) - range from {approx}3 for volumetric ignition targets to {approx}600 for fast ignition targets. Antiproton-driven ICF is a speculative concept, and the handling of antiprotons and their required injection precision - temporally and spatially - will present significant technical challenges. The storage and manipulation of low-energy antiprotons, particularly in the form of antihydrogen, is a science in its infancy and a large scale-up of antiproton production over present supply methods would be required to embark on a serious R&D program for this application.

  13. Project Anticipated Midpoint Date -1 January 2009 (MCP Index = 2454) Cost Escalation Factor = MCP Index 1 Jan 09 / MCP Index 1 Oct 2007 = 2454/2391 = 1.0263

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    as addressed above. 2. APPENDIX C - TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX c. Unit costsENGLISH Project Anticipated Midpoint Date - 1 January 2009 (MCP Index = 2454) Cost Escalation Factor = MCP Index 1 Jan 09 / MCP Index 1 Oct 2007 = 2454/2391 = 1.0263 a. Most unit costs are based

  14. INDEX TO VOLUME 154 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter in the Ini- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  15. INDEX TO VOLUME 157 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  16. INDEX TO VOLUME 167 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter in the Ini- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  17. INDEX TO VOLUME 169S This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter in the Ini- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  18. INDEX TO VOLUME 152 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  19. INDEX TO VOLUME 164 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographical, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  20. INDEX TO VOLUME 155 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter in the Ini- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  1. Studies Of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation And Longitudinal Space Charge In The Jefferson Lab FEL Driver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tennant, Christopher D.; Douglas, David R.; Li, Rui; Tsai, C.-Y.

    2014-12-01

    The Jefferson Laboratory IR FEL Driver provides an ideal test bed for studying a variety of beam dynamical effects. Recent studies focused on characterizing the impact of coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) with the goal of benchmarking measurements with simulation. Following measurements to characterize the beam, we quantitatively characterized energy extraction via CSR by measuring beam position at a dispersed location as a function of bunch compression. In addition to operating with the beam on the rising part of the linac RF waveform, measurements were also made while accelerating on the falling part. For each, the full compression point was moved along the backleg of the machine and the response of the beam (distribution, extracted energy) measured. Initial results of start-to-end simulations using a 1D CSR algorithm show remarkably good agreement with measurements. A subsequent experiment established lasing with the beam accelerated on the falling side of the RF waveform in conjunction with positive momentum compaction (R56) to compress the bunch. The success of this experiment motivated the design of a modified CEBAF-style arc with control of CSR and microbunching effects.

  2. Performance of the accelerator driver of Jefferson Laboratory's free-electron laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bohn, C.L.; Benson, S.; Biallas, G.

    1999-04-01

    The driver of Jefferson Lab's kW-level infrared free-electron laser (FEL) is a superconducting, recirculating accelerator that recovers about 75% of the electron-beam power and converts it to radiofrequency power. In achieving first lasing, the accelerator operated straight-ahead to deliver 38 MeV, 1.1 mA cw current through the wiggler for lasing at wavelengths in the vicinity of 5 {mu}m. Just prior to first lasing, measured rms beam properties at the wiggler were 7.5{+-}1.5 mm-mr normalized transverse emittance, 26{+-}7 keV-deg longitudinal emittance, and 0.4{+-}0.1 ps bunch length which yielded a peak current of 60{+-}15A. The waste beam was then sent directly to a dump, bypassing the recirculation loop. Stable operation at up to 311 W cw was achieved in this mode. Commissioning the recirculation loop then proceeded. As of this Conference, the machine has recirculated cw average current up to 4 mA, and has lased cw with energy recover up to 710 W.

  3. Evaluation of EBR-II driver-fuel elements following an unprotected station blackout accident

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, L.K.; Bottcher, J.H.

    1986-01-01

    One of the current design objectives for a liquid metal reactor (LMR) is the inherent shutdown-cooling capability of the reactor, such that the reactor itself can safely reduce power following a total loss of pump power without activating the reactor shutdown system (RSS). Following a loss-of-flow (LOF) accident and a failure of RSS, in EBR-II, reactor core damage and plant restartability is of considerable interest. In the LOF event, high temperature in the reactor causes negative reactivity feedback that reduces reactor power. After an accident, reactor fuel performance is one of the factors used to assess the restartability of the plant. A thermal-hydraulic-neutronic analysis was performed to determine the response of the plant and the temperature of individual subassemblies. These temperatures were then used to assess the damage to driver fuel elements caused by the station blackout accident. The maximum depth of cladding wastage from molten eutectic at temperatures >715/sup 0/C was found to be 0.0053 mm for the hottest subassembly; this value is considerably less than the 0.28 mm cladding thickness. 12 refs.

  4. Low impedance z-pinch drivers without post-hole convolute current adders.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savage, Mark Edward; Seidel, David Bruce; Mendel, Clifford Will, Jr.

    2009-09-01

    Present-day pulsed-power systems operating in the terawatt regime typically use post-hole convolute current adders to operate at sufficiently low impedance. These adders necessarily involve magnetic nulls that connect the positive and negative electrodes. The resultant loss of magnetic insulation results in electron losses in the vicinity of the nulls that can severely limit the efficiency of the delivery of the system's energy to a load. In this report, we describe an alternate transformer-based approach to obtaining low impedance. The transformer consists of coils whose windings are in parallel rather than in series, and does not suffer from the presence of magnetic nulls. By varying the pitch of the coils windings, the current multiplication ratio can be varied, leading to a more versatile driver. The coupling efficiency of the transformer, its behavior in the presence of electron flow, and its mechanical strength are issues that need to be addressed to evaluate the potential of transformer-based current multiplication as a viable alternative to conventional current adder technology.

  5. The high current, fast, 100ns, Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) developmental project at Sandia National Laboratories.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, Kevin S.; Long, Finis W.; Sinebryukhov, Vadim A. (High Current Electronic Institute (HCEI), Tomsk, Russia); Kim, Alexandre A. (High Current Electronic Institute (HCEI), Tomsk, RUSSIA); Wakeland, Peter Eric (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); McKee, G. Randall; Woodworth, Joseph Ray; McDaniel, Dillon Heirman; Fowler, William E.; Mazarakis, Michael Gerrassimos; Porter, John Larry, Jr.; Struve, Kenneth William; Stygar, William A.; LeChien, Keith R.; Matzen, Maurice Keith

    2010-04-01

    Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, N.M., USA, in collaboration with the High Current Electronic Institute (HCEI), Tomsk, Russia, is developing a new paradigm in pulsed power technology: the Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) technology. This technological approach can provide very compact devices that can deliver very fast high current and high voltage pulses straight out of the cavity with out any complicated pulse forming and pulse compression network. Through multistage inductively insulated voltage adders, the output pulse, increased in voltage amplitude, can be applied directly to the load. The load may be a vacuum electron diode, a z-pinch wire array, a gas puff, a liner, an isentropic compression load (ICE) to study material behavior under very high magnetic fields, or a fusion energy (IFE) target. This is because the output pulse rise time and width can be easily tailored to the specific application needs. In this paper we briefly summarize the developmental work done in Sandia and HCEI during the last few years, and describe our new MYKONOS Sandia High Current LTD Laboratory.

  6. Biennial Workshop on DSP for In-Vehicle Systems, Kiel, Germany, 2011 Assessment of driver's distraction using perceptual evaluations, self assessments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busso, Carlos

    platform ­ a car equipped with multiple nonintrusive sensors [1, 9]. Following the de- finition provided causes of car accidents is drivers that become distracted by secondary tasks. There is a growing concern-in car ra

  7. Feasibility of developing a portable driver performance data acquisition system for human factors research: Design specifications. Volume 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, R.J.; Barickman, F.S.

    1998-01-01

    A two-phase, multi-year research program entitled ``development of a portable driver performance data acquisition system for human factors research was recently completed. The primary objective of the project was to develop a portable data acquisition system for crash avoidance research (DASCAR) that will allow driver performance data to be collected using a large variety of vehicle types and that would be capable of being installed on a given vehicle type within a relatively short-time frame. During Phase 1 a feasibility study for designing and fabricating DASCAR was conducted. In phase 2 of the research DASCAR was actually developed and validated. This technical memorandum documents the results from the feasibility study. It is subdivided into three volumes. Volume one addresses the last five items in the phase 1 research and the first issue in the second phase of the project. Volume 2 presents the related appendices. Volume three (this report) displays the design specifications developed for DASCAR during the ``develop design requirements and specifications for a portable driver performance data acquisition system`` task. Design specifications were assembled for each DASCAR element. The specifications were prepared in sufficient detail to allow a third party to use them to design, develop, procure, and subsequently construct the data acquisition system. This report also covers the background to the program.

  8. Assessing Energy Impact of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Significance of Daily Distance Variation over Time and Among Drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Accurate assessment of the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on petroleum and electricity consumption is a necessary step toward effective policies. Variations in daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT) over time and among drivers affect PHEV energy impact, but the significance is not well understood. This paper uses a graphical illustration, a mathematical derivation, and an empirical study to examine the cause and significance of such an effect. The first two methods reveal that ignoring daily variation in VMT always causes underestimation of petroleum consumption and overestimation of electricity consumption by PHEVs; both biases increase as the assumed PHEV charge-depleting (CD) range moves closer to the average daily VMT. The empirical analysis based on national travel survey data shows that the assumption of uniform daily VMT over time and among drivers causes nearly 68% underestimation of expected petroleum use and nearly 48% overestimation of expected electricity use by PHEVs with a 40-mi CD range (PHEV40s). Also for PHEV40s, consideration of daily variation in VMT over time but not among drivers similar to the way the utility factor curve is derived in SAE Standard SAE J2841 causes underestimation of expected petroleum use by more than 24% and overestimation of expected electricity use by about 17%. Underestimation of petroleum use and overestimation of electricity use increase with larger-battery PHEVs.

  9. A wide bandgap silicon carbide (SiC) gate driver for high-temperature and high-voltage applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamichhane, Ranjan [University of Arkansas; Ericson, Milton Nance [ORNL; Frank, Steven Shane [ORNL; BRITTONJr., CHARLES L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Mantooth, Alan [University of Arkansas; Francis, Matt [APEI, Inc.; Shepherd, Dr. Paul [University of Arkansas; Glover, Dr. Michael [University of Arkansas; Podar, Mircea [ORNL; Perez, M [University of Arkansas; Mcnutt, Tyler [APEI, Inc.; Whitaker, Mr. Bret [APEI, Inc.; Cole, Mr. Zach [APEI, Inc.

    2014-01-01

    Limitations of silicon (Si) based power electronic devices can be overcome with Silicon Carbide (SiC) because of its remarkable material properties. SiC is a wide bandgap semiconductor material with larger bandgap, lower leakage currents, higher breakdown electric field, and higher thermal conductivity, which promotes higher switching frequencies for high power applications, higher temperature operation, and results in higher power density devices relative to Si [1]. The proposed work is focused on design of a SiC gate driver to drive a SiC power MOSFET, on a Cree SiC process, with rise/fall times (less than 100 ns) suitable for 500 kHz to 1 MHz switching frequency applications. A process optimized gate driver topology design which is significantly different from generic Si circuit design is proposed. The ultimate goal of the project is to integrate this gate driver into a Toyota Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) charger module. The application of this high frequency charger will result in lighter, smaller, cheaper, and a more efficient power electronics system.

  10. Optimizing OID Indexing Cost in Temporal Object-Oriented Database Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimizing OID Indexing Cost in Temporal Object-Oriented Database Systems Kjetil N rvag and Kjell access cost and optimal use of memory for index page bu er and OD cache, with di erent access patterns in the context of general secondary index access cost and index entry caching. Keywords: Index organization

  11. Index of /~lucier/615-2003/software/c-code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index of /~lucier/615-2003/software/c-code. [ICO], Name · Last modified · Size · Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [TXT], conn-test.c, 13-May-2000 01:37, 2.3

  12. Efficient power coupling to waveguides in high index contrast systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Victor T. (Victor Trinh)

    2006-01-01

    Future integrated optical circuits will hold, on a single chip, several optical components that communicate via high index contrast waveguides. Silicon nitride (SixNy) and silicon oxynitride (SixOyNz) waveguides with silicon ...

  13. Active negative-index metamaterial powered by an electron beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Michael

    An active negative index metamaterial that derives its gain from an electron beam is introduced. The metamaterial consists of a stack of equidistant parallel metal plates perforated by a periodic array of holes shaped as ...

  14. Calculating the hyper--Wiener index of benzenoid hydrocarbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klavzar, Sandi

    Calculating the hyper--Wiener index of benzenoid hydrocarbons Petra Ÿ Zigert 1 , Sandi KlavŸ zar 1. (1) is not easy, especially in the case of large polycyclic molecules, such as benzenoid hydrocarbons

  15. Calculating the hyperWiener index of benzenoid hydrocarbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klavzar, Sandi

    Calculating the hyper­Wiener index of benzenoid hydrocarbons Petra Zigert1 , Sandi Klavzar1) is not easy, especially in the case of large polycyclic molecules, such as benzenoid hydrocarbons. Some time

  16. Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; McNeil, Michael A.; Levine, Mark

    2009-06-01

    China's rapid economic expansion has propelled it to the rank of the largest energy consuming nation in the world, with energy demand growth continuing at a pace commensurate with its economic growth. The urban population is expected to grow by 20 million every year, accompanied by construction of 2 billion square meters of buildings every year through 2020. Thus residential energy use is very likely to continue its very rapid growth. Understanding the underlying drivers of this growth helps to identify the key areas to analyze energy efficiency potential, appropriate policies to reduce energy use, as well as to understand future energy in the building sector. This paper provides a detailed, bottom-up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wide variety of sources and a modelling effort that relies on a very detailed characterization of China's energy demand. It assesses the current energy situation with consideration of end use, intensity, and efficiency etc, and forecast the future outlook for the critical period extending to 2020, based on assumptions of likely patterns of economic activity, availability of energy services, technology improvement and energy intensities. From this analysis, we can conclude that Chinese residential energy consumption will more than double by 2020, from 6.6 EJ in 2000 to 15.9 EJ in 2020. This increase will be driven primarily by urbanization, in combination with increases in living standards. In the urban and higher income Chinese households of the future, most major appliances will be common, and heated and cooled areas will grow on average. These shifts will offset the relatively modest efficiency gains expected according to current government plans and policies already in place. Therefore, levelling and reduction of growth in residential energy demand in China will require a new set of more aggressive efficiency policies.

  17. Pulse shaping and energy storage capabilities of angularly multiplexed KrF laser fusion drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehmberg, R. H. [Research Support Instruments, Inc., Lanham, Maryland 20706 (United States); Giuliani, J. L.; Schmitt, A. J. [Plasma Physics Division, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

    2009-07-15

    This paper describes a rep-rated multibeam KrF laser driver design for the 500 kJ Inertial Fusion test Facility (FTF) recently proposed by NRL, then models its optical pulse shaping capabilities using the ORESTES laser kinetics code. It describes a stable and reliable iteration technique for calculating the required precompensated input pulse shape that will achieve the desired output shape, even when the amplifiers are heavily saturated. It also describes how this precompensation technique could be experimentally implemented in real time on a reprated laser system. The simulations show that this multibeam system can achieve a high fidelity pulse shaping capability, even for a high gain shock ignition pulse whose final spike requires output intensities much higher than the approx4 MW/cm{sup 2} saturation levels associated with quasi-cw operation; i.e., they show that KrF can act as a storage medium even for pulsewidths of approx1 ns. For the chosen pulse, which gives a predicted fusion energy gain of approx120, the simulations predict the FTF can deliver a total on-target energy of 428 kJ, a peak spike power of 385 TW, and amplified spontaneous emission prepulse contrast ratios I{sub ASE}/I<3x10{sup -7} in intensity and F{sub ASE}/F<1.5x10{sup -5} in fluence. Finally, the paper proposes a front-end pulse shaping technique that combines an optical Kerr gate with cw 248 nm light and a 1 mum control beam shaped by advanced fiber optic technology, such as the one used in the National Ignition Facility (NIF) laser.

  18. Method to create gradient index in a polymer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dirk, Shawn M; Johnson, Ross Stefan; Boye, Robert; Descour, Michael R; Sweatt, William C; Wheeler, David R; Kaehr, Bryan James

    2014-10-14

    Novel photo-writable and thermally switchable polymeric materials exhibit a refractive index change of .DELTA.n.gtoreq.1.0 when exposed to UV light or heat. For example, lithography can be used to convert a non-conjugated precursor polymer to a conjugated polymer having a higher index-of-refraction. Further, two-photon lithography can be used to pattern high-spatial frequency structures.

  19. GRANT SUMMARY REPORT by INDEX Balance as of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    GRANT SUMMARY REPORT by INDEX Beginning Balance as of July 1 Actual Inception-to- Date Current/100)) = $2,093.48) Project Start: 7/1/2009 Current End: 1/1/2012 Index: F0000A - SES APSF Grwth Pro Sci Degr,840.00 $19,539.17 **Projected F&A Cost: $2,093.48 Available Balance: $17,445.69 ** Less F&A calculation

  20. Extensional viscosity measurements of polyethylene using a melt flow indexer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moffatt, Scott Gordon

    1999-01-01

    . . . . . . . . 142 APPENDIX C: CONSTANT STRESS RHEOMETER TESTING PROCEDURE. . . . . . APPENDIX D: MELT FLOW INDEXER DATA . . . . . 147 APPENDIX E: CAPILLARY RHEOMETER DATA. . . . . . 184 APPENDIX F: OSCILLATORY RHEOMETER DATA . . . . . . . . 213 APPENDIX G...) [Padmanabhan and Macosko (1997)] . . . . . 14 5 Bagley Correction Factor for the Capillary Rheometer. 23 6 Flow Index Determination. . . . . . . 28 7 Definitions of Lengths Used in the Darby Method. 8 Carreau-Yasuda Fit of Complex Viscosity Data for Resin E...

  1. A Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Using the Ankle-Brachial Index to Screen for Peripheral Artery Disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Nell

    2012-01-01

    PAD-related medical costs (index qtr + 3 qtr fu) Amputationrates and costs. Costs reported for index quarter ofdata, risk-adjusted costs seperated by index and quarters

  2. A Multivariate Baltic Sea Environmental Index Joachim W. Dippner, Georgs Kornilovs,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dippner, Joachim W.

    REPORT A Multivariate Baltic Sea Environmental Index Joachim W. Dippner, Georgs Kornilovs, Karin multivariate index for the Baltic Sea is developed and presented here. The multivariate Baltic Sea

  3. Key regulatory drivers affecting shipments of mixed transuranic waste from Los Alamos National Laboratory to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schumann, P.B.; Bacigalupa, G.A.; Kosiewicz, S.T.; Sinkule, B.J.

    1997-02-01

    A number of key regulatory drivers affect the nature, scope, and timing of Los Alamos National Laboratory`s (LANL`s) plans for mixed transuranic (MTRU) waste shipments to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), which are planned to commence as soon as possible following WIPP`s currently anticipated November, 1997 opening date. This paper provides an overview of some of the key drivers at LANL, particularly emphasizing those associated with the hazardous waste component of LANL`s MTRU waste (MTRU, like any mixed waste, contains both a radioactive and a hazardous waste component). The key drivers discussed here derive from the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and its amendments, including the Federal Facility Compliance Act (FFCAU), and from the New Mexico Hazardous Waste Act (NMHWA). These statutory provisions are enforced through three major mechanisms: facility RCRA permits; the New Mexico Hazardous Waste Management Regulations, set forth in the New Mexico Administrative Code, Title 20, Chapter 4, Part 1: and compliance orders issued to enforce these requirements. General requirements in all three categories will apply to MTRU waste management and characterization activities at both WIPP and LANL. In addition, LANL is subject to facility-specific requirements in its RCRA hazardous waste facility permit, permit conditions as currently proposed in RCRA Part B permit applications presently being reviewed by the New Mexico Environment Department (NNED), and facility-specific compliance orders related to MTRU waste management. Likewise, permitting and compliance-related requirements specific to WIPP indirectly affect LANL`s characterization, packaging, record-keeping, and transportation requirements for MTRU waste. LANL must comply with this evolving set of regulatory requirements to begin shipments of MTRU waste to WIPP in a timely fashion.

  4. Agricultural green revolution as a driver of increasing atmospheric CO2 seasonal amplitude

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zeng, Ning; Zhao, Fang; Collatz, George; Kalnay, Eugenia; Salawitch, Ross J.; West, Tristram O.; Guanter, Luis

    2014-11-20

    The atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) record displays a prominent seasonal cycle that arises mainly from changes in vegetation growth and the corresponding CO2 uptake during the boreal spring and summer growing seasons and CO2 release during the autumn and winter seasons. The CO2 seasonal amplitude has increased over the past five decades, suggesting an increase in Northern Hemisphere biospheric activity. It has been proposed that vegetation growth may have been stimulated by higher concentrations of CO2 as well as by warming in recent decades, but such mechanisms have been unable to explain the full range and magnitude of the observed increase in CO2 seasonal amplitude. Here we suggest that the intensification of agriculture (the Green Revolution, in which much greater crop yield per unit area was achieved by hybridization, irrigation and fertilization) during the past five decades is a driver of changes in the seasonal characteristics of the global carbon cycle. Our analysis of CO2 data and atmospheric inversions shows a robust 15 per cent long-term increase in CO2 seasonal amplitude from 1961 to 2010, punctuated by large decadal and interannual variations. Using a terrestrial carbon cycle model that takes into account high-yield cultivars, fertilizer use and irrigation, we find that the long-term increase in CO2 seasonal amplitude arises from two major regions: the mid-latitude cropland between 256N and 606N and the high-latitude natural vegetation between 506N and 706 N. The long-term trend of seasonal amplitude increase is 0.311 ± 0.027 percent per year, of which sensitivity experiments attribute 45, 29 and 26 per cent to land-use change, climate variability and change, and increased productivity due to CO2 fertilization, respectively. Vegetation growth was earlier by one to two weeks, as measured by the mid-point of vegetation carbon uptake, and took up 0.5 petagrams more carbon in July, the height of the growing season, during 2001–2010 than in 1961–1970, suggesting that human land use and management contribute to seasonal changes in the CO2 exchange between the biosphere and the atmosphere.

  5. Rapid embedded wire heating via resistive guiding of laser-generated fast electrons as a hydrodynamic driver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, A. P. L.; Schmitz, H. [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)] [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Pasley, J. [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom) [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); York Plasma Institute, University of York, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom)

    2013-12-15

    Resistively guiding laser-generated fast electron beams in targets consisting of a resistive wire embedded in lower Z material should allow one to rapidly heat the wire to over 100 eV over a substantial distance without strongly heating the surrounding material. On the multi-ps timescale, this can drive hydrodynamic motion in the surrounding material. Thus, ultra-intense laser solid interactions have the potential as a controlled driver of radiation hydrodynamics in solid density material. In this paper, we assess the laser and target parameters needed to achieve such rapid and controlled heating of the embedded wire.

  6. Massive-scale RDF Processing Using Compressed Bitmap Indexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madduri, Kamesh; Wu, Kesheng

    2011-05-26

    The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a popular data model for representing linked data sets arising from the web, as well as large scienti#12;c data repositories such as UniProt. RDF data intrinsically represents a labeled and directed multi-graph. SPARQL is a query language for RDF that expresses subgraph pattern-#12;nding queries on this implicit multigraph in a SQL- like syntax. SPARQL queries generate complex intermediate join queries; to compute these joins e#14;ciently, we propose a new strategy based on bitmap indexes. We store the RDF data in column-oriented structures as compressed bitmaps along with two dictionaries. This paper makes three new contributions. (i) We present an e#14;cient parallel strategy for parsing the raw RDF data, building dictionaries of unique entities, and creating compressed bitmap indexes of the data. (ii) We utilize the constructed bitmap indexes to e#14;ciently answer SPARQL queries, simplifying the join evaluations. (iii) To quantify the performance impact of using bitmap indexes, we compare our approach to the state-of-the-art triple-store RDF-3X. We #12;nd that our bitmap index-based approach to answering queries is up to an order of magnitude faster for a variety of SPARQL queries, on gigascale RDF data sets.

  7. New methods for indexing multi-lattice diffraction data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gildea, Richard J.; Waterman, David G.; Parkhurst, James M.; Axford, Danny; Sutton, Geoff; Stuart, David I.; Sauter, Nicholas K.; Evans, Gwyndaf; Winter, Graeme

    2014-09-27

    A new indexing method is presented which is capable of indexing multiple crystal lattices from narrow wedges of diffraction data. The method takes advantage of a simplification of Fourier transform-based methods that is applicable when the unit-cell dimensions are known a priori. The efficacy of this method is demonstrated with both semi-synthetic multi-lattice data and real multi-lattice data recorded from crystals of ~1 µm in size, where it is shown that up to six lattices can be successfully indexed and subsequently integrated from a 1° wedge of data. Analysis is presented which shows that improvements in data-quality indicators can be obtained through accurate identification and rejection of overlapping reflections prior to scaling.

  8. New methods for indexing multi-lattice diffraction data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gildea, Richard J.; Waterman, David G.; Parkhurst, James M.; Axford, Danny; Sutton, Geoff; Stuart, David I.; Sauter, Nicholas K.; Evans, Gwyndaf; Winter, Graeme

    2014-09-27

    A new indexing method is presented which is capable of indexing multiple crystal lattices from narrow wedges of diffraction data. The method takes advantage of a simplification of Fourier transform-based methods that is applicable when the unit-cell dimensions are known a priori. The efficacy of this method is demonstrated with both semi-synthetic multi-lattice data and real multi-lattice data recorded from crystals of ~1 µm in size, where it is shown that up to six lattices can be successfully indexed and subsequently integrated from a 1° wedge of data. Analysis is presented which shows that improvements in data-quality indicators can bemore »obtained through accurate identification and rejection of overlapping reflections prior to scaling.« less

  9. Grant Establishment How To Obtain A Grant, Index or Fund Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    matching or cost sharing an index will be created using the data supplied on the cost sharing authorization form received with the award notice. The cost sharing index is a supplemental index to an existing the section on "How to determine allowable and unallowable costs" for more information. When Will the Index

  10. Acceleration of Relational Index Structures Based on Statistics Hans-Peter Kriegel*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kriegel, Hans-Peter

    as a sequence SeqQ,I of index range scans. I/0 cost. The number of logical reads LR(s) associated with one indexAcceleration of Relational Index Structures Based on Statistics Hans-Peter Kriegel* , Peter Kunath, pfeifle, renz}@dbs.informatik.uni-muenchen.de Abstract Relational index structures, as for instance

  11. Automatic Semantic Subject Indexing of Web Documents in Highly Inected Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyvönen, Eero

    Automatic Semantic Subject Indexing of Web Documents in Highly Inected Languages Reetta Sinkkilä://www.seco.tkk.fi/ Abstract. Structured semantic metadata about unstructured web doc- uments can be created using automatic subject indexing methods, avoid- ing laborious manual indexing. A succesful automatic subject indexing

  12. A comparative study of retrieval effectiveness from a scientific document database with computer-generated indexing and manually generated keyword-based indexing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Jayanta Kumar

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a full text indexing and retrieval system for a scientific document database. The secondary objective was to assess the completeness of the manual indexes that are already...

  13. Break-Even Cost for Residential Solar Water Heating in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cassard, H.; Denholm, P.; Ong, S.

    2011-02-01

    This paper examines the break-even cost for residential rooftop solar water heating (SWH) technology, defined as the point where the cost of the energy saved with a SWH system equals the cost of a conventional heating fuel purchased from the grid (either electricity or natural gas). We examine the break-even cost for the largest 1,000 electric and natural gas utilities serving residential customers in the United States as of 2008. Currently, the break-even cost of SWH in the United States varies by more than a factor of five for both electricity and natural gas, despite a much smaller variation in the amount of energy saved by the systems (a factor of approximately one and a half). The break-even price for natural gas is lower than that for electricity due to a lower fuel cost. We also consider the relationship between SWH price and solar fraction and examine the key drivers behind break-even costs. Overall, the key drivers of the break-even cost of SWH are a combination of fuel price, local incentives, and technical factors including the solar resource location, system size, and hot water draw.

  14. High-Temperature SiC Power Module with Integrated SiC Gate Drivers for Future High-Density Power Electronics Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitaker, Mr. Bret [APEI, Inc.; Cole, Mr. Zach [APEI, Inc.; Passmore, Mr. Brandon [APEI, Inc.; Mcnutt, Tyler [APEI, Inc.; Lostetter, Dr. Alex [APEI, Inc.; Ericson, Milton Nance [ORNL; Frank, Steven [ORNL; Britton Jr, Charles L [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Mantooth, Alan [University of Arkansas; Francis, Matt [APEI, Inc.; Lamichhane, Ranjan [APEI, Inc.; Shepherd, Paul [APEI, Inc.; Glover, Michael [APEI, Inc.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a high-temperature capable intelligent power module that contains SiC power devices and SiC gate driver integrated circuits (ICs). The high-temperature capability of the SiC gate driver ICs allows for them to be packaged into the power module and be located physically close to the power devices. This provides a distinct advantage by reducing the gate driver loop inductance, which promotes high frequency operation, while also reducing the overall volume of the system through higher levels of integration. The power module was tested in a bridgeless-boost converter (Fig. 1) to determine the performance of the module in a system level application. The converter was operated with a switching frequency of 200 kHz with a peak output power of approximately 5 kW. The peak efficiency was found to be 97.5% at 2.9 kW.

  15. Efficient Update of Indexes for Dynamically Changing Web Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Lipyeow; Wang, Min; Padmanabhan, Sriram; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott; Agarwal, Ramesh

    2007-01-01

    index is a collection of inverted lists, where each list is associated with a particular word. An inverted list for a given word is a collection of document IDs of those documents that contain the word. If the position of a word occurrence in a document... is needed, each document ID entry in the inverted list also contains a list of location IDs. Positional information of words is needed for proximity queries and query result ranking [25]. Omitting positional information in the inverted index is therefore a...

  16. Refractive index of glass and its dipersion for visible light.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D. Y.; Karstens, W. (Physics); (Univ. of Vermont); (Saint Michael's Coll.)

    2010-01-01

    The classification of optical glass and empirical relations between the refractive index and its dispersion are discussed in terms of moments of the glass's IR and UV absorption spectra. The observed linear dependence of index on dispersion within glass families is shown to arise primarily from the approximately linear superposition of the electronic absorptions of glass former and glass modifiers. The binary classification into crown and flint glasses is also based primarily on electronic spectra: Crown glasses are 'wide-gap' materials with excitation energies greater than {approx}12.4 eV, while flint glasses are their 'narrow-gap' counterpart.

  17. Modeling EU electricity market competition using the residual supply index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swinand, Gregory; Scully, Derek; Ffoulkes, Stuart; Kessler, Brian

    2010-11-15

    An econometric approach to related hourly Residual Supply Index to price-cost margins in the major EU electricity generation markets suggests that market structure, as measured by the RSI, is a significant explanatory factor for markups, even when scarcity and other explanatory variables are included. (author)

  18. CSMRI DOCUMENT REPOSITORY INDEX Revised June 15, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page 1 CSMRI DOCUMENT REPOSITORY INDEX Revised June 15, 2007 HARD COPY DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE 2002 - March 2003 3 New Horizons Project Records Capital Construction CSM 2002-2004 4 New Horizons - CSMRI Site Contaminated Material The S.M. Stoller Corporation April 1, 2005 7 Technical and Cost

  19. Validation of the strain index in manufacturing facilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rucker, Nathan Paul

    1999-01-01

    factors were not found to be significant and had low measures of predictive validity. The results generated by this study suggest that the predictive validity of the Strain Index is good and the predictive validity of the generic poor. This indicates...

  20. A Sequential Indexing Scheme for Flash-Based Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for efficient indexing techniques arises. This motivates manufacturers of Flash modules and smart objects. On the other hand, smart object manufacturers are facing new constraints in terms of energy consumption (to of this approach through a comprehensive performance study. 1. INTRODUCTION Smart cards were equipped

  1. 2004 INDEX OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    technology startups in the last five years o Has not yet experienced many of the downsides of growth Tax Burden 14 Labor Costs 15 Growth 16 Employment in Technology Firms 17 Growth in Startups 172004 INDEX OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON JULY 2004 #12;PNNL-SA-42092 2004

  2. Internet Traffic Modeling Using the Index of Variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    traffic models: the Two-State Markov Modulated Poisson Process (MMPP) and the renewal process1 Internet Traffic Modeling Using the Index of Variability Georgios Y. Lazarou, Xiangdong Xia and is analytically tractable for many popular traffic models. Using this proposed measure, we then analyzed two

  3. Efficient Indexing Data Structures for Flash-Based Sensor Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Anxiao "Andrew"

    structures, MicroHash and MicroGF (micro grid files), exploit the asymmetric read/write and wear, and WALID A. NAJJAR University of California, Riverside Flash memory is the most prevalent storage medium behind these index structures is that expensive random access deletions are completely eliminated. Micro

  4. Engineering http://www.sfsu.edu/~cse/wise/index.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the College of Science & Engineering (Biology, Chemistry & Biochemistry, Computer Science, Earth & Climate Women In Science & Engineering http://www.sfsu.edu/~cse/wise/index.html WISE Scholarship University (SFSU) College of Science & Engineering (COSE) permission to check my SFSU records to verify

  5. A novel molecular index for secondary oil migration distance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    alteration of buried organic matter in source rocks, followed by oil expulsion (primary migration) outA novel molecular index for secondary oil migration distance Liuping Zhang1 , Maowen Li2 , Yang migration distances from source rocks to reservoirs can greatly help in the search for new petroleum

  6. The Community Loss Index: A New Social Indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    and an aggregator of individ- ual experiences. Building on the relationship between loss and stress, the index at is growing due to mounting demand for accountability, outcome measures, evidence-based research, and indicators that reveal what works. In response, researchers like Jochen Albrecht and Laxmi Ramasubramanian ð

  7. Index theory and the hypoelliptic Laplacian Jean-Michel Bismut

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bismut, Jean-Michel

    31 4.1. A superconnection associated with a vector bundle 31 4.2. The elliptic Dirac operator 33 4 and the Levi-Civita superconnection of TX 36 4.6. The hypoelliptic deformation of the local index theoretic

  8. Unidirectional transmission using array of zero-refractive-index metamaterials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Yangyang; Xu, Lin; Hong Hang, Zhi; Chen, Huanyang

    2014-05-12

    In this Letter, we find that high efficient unidirectional transmission occurs for an array of prisms made of zero-refractive-index metamaterials. As a specific demonstration, we further design the device using Dirac-cone-like photonic crystals. The device can function for a broadband of spectrum. Numerical simulations are performed to verify the one-way wave functionality.

  9. Human Motion Capture Data Compression by Model-Based Indexing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhandarkar, Suchendra "Suchi" M.

    Human Motion Capture Data Compression by Model-Based Indexing: A Power Aware Approach Siddhartha Chattopadhyay, Suchendra M. Bhandarkar, Member, IEEE, and Kang Li Abstract--Human Motion Capture (MoCap) data can be used for animation of virtual human-like characters in distributed virtual reality applications

  10. A file with robust index Wilberd van der Kallen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallen, Wilberd

    of makeindex, but that construction is broken by our package. (The encapsulating construction uses the encap about labels or names. Do not exclude any relevant files. For instance, do not use \\includeonly. Say we the index. The package hyperref may break our code. Therefore one must use the op- tion hyperindex

  11. Cognitive science in popular film: the Cognitive Science Movie Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Cognitive science in popular film: the Cognitive Science Movie Index Benjamin Motz Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Cognitive Science Program, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington of films depict- ing themes in cognitive science and the potential power of popular cinema for outreach

  12. Index Theory and the Baum-Connes conjecture Thomas Schick*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schick, Thomas

    Index Theory and the Baum-Connes conjecture Thomas Schick of constraints of length and time, are e.g. [23, 5, 16]. ___________________________* e-mail: schick@uni-math.gwdg.de www: http://uni-math.gwdg.de/schick Fax: ++49 -251/83 38370 1 #12

  13. INDEX TO VOLUME 146 (PART 2) Santa Barbara Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes broad) a main entry, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or concept appears, and (2) a subentry, defined as an elaboration of the main entry fol- lowed by a page

  14. On Sum--Connectivity Index of Bicyclic Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Zhibin

    2009-01-01

    We determine the minimum sum--connectivity index of bicyclic graphs with $n$ vertices and matching number $m$, where $2\\le m\\le \\lfloor\\frac{n}{2}\\rfloor$, the minimum and the second minimum, as well as the maximum and the second maximum sum--connectivity indices of bicyclic graphs with $n\\ge 5$ vertices. The extremal graphs are characterized.

  15. Running of scalar spectral index in multi-field inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jinn-Ouk Gong

    2015-05-20

    We compute the running of the scalar spectral index in general multi-field slow-roll inflation. By incorporating explicit momentum dependence at the moment of horizon crossing, we can find the running straightforwardly. At the same time, we can distinguish the contributions from the quasi de Sitter background and the super-horizon evolution of the field fluctuations.

  16. Similarity-Index Early Seizure Detector VLSI Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genov, Roman

    Similarity-Index Early Seizure Detector VLSI Architecture Amogh Vidwans, Karim Abdelhalim, Roman: {roman}@eecg.utoronto.ca Abstract-- A low power VLSI architecture implementing an algorithm for early by intractable epilepsy, and neurologists believe that stimulating the right neuronal cells with short electrical

  17. CINAHL with Full Text is the world's most comprehensive source of full text for nursing & allied health journals, providing full text for more than 600 journals indexed in CINAHL. This authoritative file

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for appropriate subject terms. Example: Click on CINAHL Heading, then enter Migraine in the search box and click mode than for the Basic search mode. CINAHL Headings Searching for subject terms (controlled vocabulary Ranked. Note that your search term appears at the bottom of the list with the option to search

  18. See the yellow handout, "Driver's License and State ID Information for NonUS Citizens" or visit the PennDOT website: www.dmv.state.pa.us/ for more details.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    See the yellow handout, "Driver's License and State ID Information for NonUS Citizens" or visit Administration (SSA) to A. If you are a student, confirm that id ti l A. Obtain a PA Driver's License Manual at OIE Submit all required documents and proofs Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 (For License Only) Step 4 Step 5

  19. SPORTDISCUS SportDiscus indexes a wide range of sports literature, which includes sport science/medicine,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    Discus. It is advisable to use this page to search for articles, rather than the basic search page. SEARCHING Enter your search terms in the search field(s). Click Search. You can use the drop-down menus to combine words that you are emailed details of future articles that relate to your search terms. To retrieve your results

  20. Aluminum and tungsten X-pinch experiments on 100 kA, 100 ns linear transformer driver stage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu Jian [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10086 (China); Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Sun Tieping; Wu Gang; Wang Liangping; Han Juanjuan; Li Mo; Cong Peitian; Qiu Aici [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Lv Min [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10086 (China)

    2011-05-15

    X-pinch experiments have been carried out on a 100 kA, 100 ns linear transformer driver stage recently built up. The X-pinches exhibited a source size of about 10 {mu}m, a pulse duration of 3 ns, 3-5 keV radiation energy of 3.9 mJ, and a burst time jitter of tens of nanosecond with the 2-wire 8 {mu}m W X-pinch load. The generator output current and the X-pinch characteristics depended on the X-pinch wire materials in the tests. X-ray backlighting images from the insects showed the significant phase-contrast effect.

  1. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. , NO. , 2012 1 Dynamic Driver Supply Voltage Scaling for Organic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Dynamic Driver Supply Voltage Scaling for Organic Light Emitting Diode Displays Donghwa Shin, Student, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Organic light emitting diode (OLED) display is a self-illuminating device]. On the other hand, an organic light emitting diode (OLED) is self-illuminating using organic light emission

  2. The Spectral shift function and the Witten index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Carey; Fritz Gesztesy; Galina Levitina; Fedor Sukochev

    2015-05-19

    We survey the notion of the spectral shift function of a pair of self-adjoint operators and recent progress on its connection with the Witten index. We also describe a proof of Krein's Trace Theorem that does not use complex analysis [53] and develop its extension to general $\\sigma$-finite von Neumann algebras $\\mathcal{M}$ of type II and unbounded perturbations from the predual of $\\mathcal{M}$. We also discuss the connection between the theory of the spectral shift function and index theory for certain model operators. We start by introducing various definitions of the Witten index, (an extension of the notion of Fredholm index to non-Fredholm operators). Then we study the model operator $D_{A^{}} = (d/dt) + A$ in $L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$ associated with the operator path $\\{A(t)\\}_{t=-\\infty}^{\\infty}$, where $(A f)(t) = A(t) f(t)$ for a.e. $t\\in\\mathbb{R}$, and appropriate $f \\in L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$. The setup permits the operator family $A(t)$ on $\\mathcal{H}$ to be an unbounded relatively trace class perturbation of the unbounded self-adjoint operator $A_-$, and no discrete spectrum assumptions are made on the asymptotes $A_{\\pm}$. When $A_{\\pm}$ are boundedly invertible, it is shown that $D_{A^{}}$ is Fredholm and its index can be computed as $\\xi(0; A_+, A_-)$. When $0\\in\\sigma(A_+)$ (or $0\\in\\sigma(A_-)$), the operator $D_{A^{}}$ ceases to be Fredholm. However, if $0$ is a right and a left Lebesgue point of $\\xi(\\,\\cdot\\,\\, ; A_+, A_-)$, the resolvent regularized Witten index $W_r(D_{A^{}})$ is given by $W_r(D_{A^{}}) = \\xi(0_+; |D_{A^{*}}|^2, |D_{A^{}}|^2) = [\\xi(0_+; A_+,A_-) + \\xi(0_-; A_+, A_-)]/2$. We also study a special example, when the perturbation of the unbounded self-adjoint operator $A_-$ is not assumed to be relatively trace class.

  3. Fabrication process for a gradient index x-ray lens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bionta, Richard M. (Livermore, CA); Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Skulina, Kenneth M. (Livermore, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A process for fabricating high efficiency x-ray lenses that operate in the 0.5-4.0 keV region suitable for use in biological imaging, surface science, and x-ray lithography of integrated circuits. The gradient index x-ray optics fabrication process broadly involves co-sputtering multi-layers of film on a wire, followed by slicing and mounting on block, and then ion beam thinning to a thickness determined by periodic testing for efficiency. The process enables the fabrication of transmissive gradient index x-ray optics for the 0.5-4.0 keV energy range. This process allows the fabrication of optical elements for the next generation of imaging and x-ray lithography instruments m the soft x-ray region.

  4. The whistler mode refractive index as a function of gyrofrequency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albert, J. M.

    2011-08-15

    The refractive index for a constant-frequency whistler mode wave in an electron-proton plasma is considered as a function of position, through the local gyrofrequencies {Omega}{sub e,i}. The full cold plasma dispersion relation is used. The wave frequency can take any value up to the smaller of {Omega}{sub e} and the plasma frequency {omega}{sub pe}, but {omega}{sub pe} is allowed to take any fixed value, as is the wavenormal angle. It is rigorously established that the refractive index is a decreasing function of {Omega}{sub e}. One application of this is to finding locations of Landau and cyclotron resonances, to evaluate the effects of whistler mode waves on radiation belt electrons.

  5. Fabrication process for a gradient index x-ray lens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bionta, R.M.; Makowiecki, D.M.; Skulina, K.M.

    1995-01-17

    A process is disclosed for fabricating high efficiency x-ray lenses that operate in the 0.5-4.0 keV region suitable for use in biological imaging, surface science, and x-ray lithography of integrated circuits. The gradient index x-ray optics fabrication process broadly involves co-sputtering multi-layers of film on a wire, followed by slicing and mounting on block, and then ion beam thinning to a thickness determined by periodic testing for efficiency. The process enables the fabrication of transmissive gradient index x-ray optics for the 0.5-4.0 keV energy range. This process allows the fabrication of optical elements for the next generation of imaging and x-ray lithography instruments in the soft x-ray region. 13 figures.

  6. Scattering amplitudes for multi-indexed extensions of solvable potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ho, C.-L. [Department of Physics, Tamkang University, Tamsui 251, Taiwan, ROC (China); Lee, J.-C., E-mail: jcclee@cc.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC (China); Sasaki, R. [Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC (China); Department of Physics, Shinshu University, Matsumoto 390-8621 (Japan)

    2014-04-15

    New solvable one-dimensional quantum mechanical scattering problems are presented. They are obtained from known solvable potentials by multiple Darboux transformations in terms of virtual and pseudo virtual wavefunctions. The same method applied to confining potentials, e.g.  Pöschl–Teller and the radial oscillator potentials, has generated the multi-indexed Jacobi and Laguerre polynomials. Simple multi-indexed formulas are derived for the transmission and reflection amplitudes of several solvable potentials. -- Highlights: •Scattering amplitudes calculated for infinitely many new solvable potentials. •New scattering potentials obtained by deforming six known solvable potentials. •Multiple Darboux transformations in terms of (pseudo) virtual states employed. •Scattering amplitudes checked to obey the shape invariance relation. •Errors in scattering amplitudes of some undeformed potentials in the literature corrected.

  7. RESIDUA UPGRADING EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT MODELS: WRI COKING INDEXES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani, Jr.; Francis P. Miknis; Thomas F. Turner

    2003-06-01

    Pyrolysis experiments were conducted with three residua at 400 C (752 F) at various residence times. The wt % coke and gaseous products were measured for the product oils. The Western Research Institute (WRI) Coking Indexes were determined for the product oils. Measurements were made using techniques that might correlate with the Coking Indexes. These included spin-echo proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, heat capacity measurements at 280 C (536 F), and ultrasonic attenuation. The two immiscible liquid phases that form once coke formation begins were isolated and characterized for a Boscan residuum pyrolyzed at 400 C (752 F) for 55 minutes. These materials were analyzed for elemental composition (CHNS), porphyrins, and metals (Ni,V) content.

  8. A RICH with aerogel: a study of refractive index uniformity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alemi, M; Calvi, M; Matteuzzi, C; Musy, M; Perego, D L; Easo, S

    2004-01-01

    The use of aerogel as a radiator in the RICH detectors of LHCb is a challenge due to the hot environment of the hadron collider LHC. Large size tiles of silica aerogel were recently produced with unprecedented optical quality for such dimensions. Results of laboratory measurements and beam tests are briefly reported. A description of a method to measure the uniformity of the index of refraction within the tile is given.

  9. Asset Utilization Index (AUI) Guidance | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, Inc | DepartmentPeer Review |Asset Utilization Index (AUI)

  10. Transient productivity index for numerical well test simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanc, G.; Ding, D.Y.; Ene, A.

    1997-08-01

    The most difficult aspect of numerical simulation of well tests is the treatment of the Bottom Hole Flowing (BHF) Pressure. In full field simulations, this pressure is derived from the Well-block Pressure (WBP) using a numerical productivity index which accounts for the grid size and permeability, and for the well completion. This productivity index is calculated assuming a pseudo-steady state flow regime in the vicinity of the well and is therefore constant during the well production period. Such a pseudo-steady state assumption is no longer valid for the early time of a well test simulation as long as the pressure perturbation has not reached several grid-blocks around the well. This paper offers two different solutions to this problem: (1) The first one is based on the derivation of a Numerical Transient Productivity Index (NTPI) to be applied to Cartesian grids; (2) The second one is based on the use of a Corrected Transmissibility and Accumulation Term (CTAT) in the flow equation. The representation of the pressure behavior given by both solutions is far more accurate than the conventional one as shown by several validation examples which are presented in the following pages.

  11. Cosmic variance of the spectral index from mode coupling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bramante, Joseph; Kumar, Jason [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2505 Correa Rd., Honolulu HI (United States); Nelson, Elliot; Shandera, Sarah, E-mail: bramante@hawaii.edu, E-mail: jkumar@hawaii.edu, E-mail: eln121@psu.edu, E-mail: shandera@gravity.psu.edu [Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2013-11-01

    We demonstrate that local, scale-dependent non-Gaussianity can generate cosmic variance uncertainty in the observed spectral index of primordial curvature perturbations. In a universe much larger than our current Hubble volume, locally unobservable long wavelength modes can induce a scale-dependence in the power spectrum of typical subvolumes, so that the observed spectral index varies at a cosmologically significant level (|?n{sub s}| ? O(0.04)). Similarly, we show that the observed bispectrum can have an induced scale dependence that varies about the global shape. If tensor modes are coupled to long wavelength modes of a second field, the locally observed tensor power and spectral index can also vary. All of these effects, which can be introduced in models where the observed non-Gaussianity is consistent with bounds from the Planck satellite, loosen the constraints that observations place on the parameters of theories of inflation with mode coupling. We suggest observational constraints that future measurements could aim for to close this window of cosmic variance uncertainty.

  12. Various forms of indexing HDMR for modelling multivariate classification problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aksu, Ça?r?; Tunga, M. Alper

    2014-12-10

    The Indexing HDMR method was recently developed for modelling multivariate interpolation problems. The method uses the Plain HDMR philosophy in partitioning the given multivariate data set into less variate data sets and then constructing an analytical structure through these partitioned data sets to represent the given multidimensional problem. Indexing HDMR makes HDMR be applicable to classification problems having real world data. Mostly, we do not know all possible class values in the domain of the given problem, that is, we have a non-orthogonal data structure. However, Plain HDMR needs an orthogonal data structure in the given problem to be modelled. In this sense, the main idea of this work is to offer various forms of Indexing HDMR to successfully model these real life classification problems. To test these different forms, several well-known multivariate classification problems given in UCI Machine Learning Repository were used and it was observed that the accuracy results lie between 80% and 95% which are very satisfactory.

  13. Braking index of isolated pulsars: open questions and ways forward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamil, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate, the commonly accepted view is that it arises either through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body, through emission of a relativistic particle wind, or via higher order magnetic multipole or gravitational quadrupole radiation. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar is model dependent and leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The theoretical value for braking index is $n = 1, 3, 5$ for wind, MDR, quadrupole radiation respectively. The accepted view is that pulsar braking is strongly dominated by MDR. Highly precise observations of isolated pulsars yield braking index values in the range $1 < n < 2.8$ which are consistently less than the value pred...

  14. Information Cost Tradeoffs for Augmented Index and Streaming Language Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarti, Amit; Kondapally, Ranganath; McGregor, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    This paper makes three main contributions to the theory of communication complexity and stream computation. First, we present new bounds on the information complexity of AUGMENTED-INDEX. In contrast to analogous results for INDEX by Jain, Radhakrishnan and Sen [J. ACM, 2009], we have to overcome the significant technical challenge that protocols for AUGMENTED-INDEX may violate the "rectangle property" due to the inherent input sharing. Second, we use these bounds to resolve an open problem of Magniez, Mathieu and Nayak [STOC, 2010] that asked about the multi-pass complexity of recognizing Dyck languages. This results in a natural separation between the standard multi-pass model and the multi-pass model that permits reverse passes. Third, we present the first passive memory checkers that verify the interaction transcripts of priority queues, stacks, and double-ended queues. We obtain tight upper and lower bounds for these problems, thereby addressing an important sub-class of the memory checking framework of B...

  15. DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammann, Bernd

    DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX Abstract. We prove existence results for Dirac-harmonic maps using index theoretical tools is a harmonic map. Contents 1. Introduction

  16. Revisiting the Past and Settling the Score: Index Revision for House Price Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clapham, Eric; Englund, Peter; Quigley, John M.; Redfearn, Christian L.

    2007-01-01

    Method for Real Estate Price Index Construction. Journal ofRevision Bias in Repeat Sale Home Price Indices. UnpublishedCalhoun, C.A. 1996. OFHEO House Price Indexes: HPI Technical

  17. From Classification to Indexing: How Automation Transforms the Way we Think

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    2004-01-01

    that are currently in widespread use at a loss to deal effectively with classification. Indexing conveys nothing about relationships; it pinpoints information on particular topics without reference to anything else. Keyword searching is a form of indexing, and here...

  18. The Index as a First-Class Construct in Relational Database Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, D. Stott

    -Class Index Over the history of the relational database, the index has been a second-class construct: database of Object-Relational DBMS, Extensible DBMS, and Com- ponent DBMS has been the need for better treatment

  19. The Index as a FirstClass Construct in Relational Database Systems \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, D. Stott

    importance. 1 Introduction: the Second­Class Index Over the history of the relational database, the index has behind the development of Object­Relational DBMS, Extensible DBMS, and Com­ ponent DBMS has been the need

  20. Rationale and Development of a Security Assurance Index with Application toward the Development of a World Risk Index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. M. Plum; G. A. Beitel, PhD

    2006-06-01

    Assurance categories were previously developed to support the Department of Homeland Security’s efforts in the mitigation of Cyber Control System events. Defined according to the risk of life and economic loss, the minimum range is designated by policy, whereas the maximum limit seems to be constrained only by limits and interdependencies of the event. Use of this life / assets scale has proven to be helpful in managing risk due to the scale's ease of use, communication, and understanding. Suggestions have been made that this scale could be applied to all events of terror, disaster, and calamity of an international scale, with equally good results. This paper presents the history of some existing scales of disaster and assurance, the rationale behind the development of the original Security Assurance Index, and our proposed scale of disaster and calamity as a World Risk Index.

  1. An index theorem for families of Dirac operators on odddimensional manifolds with boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melrose, Richard

    . The derivation of the index formula is effected by the combination of the superconnection formalism of Quillen

  2. Hop Doubling Label Indexing for Point-to-Point Distance Querying on Scale-Free Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Raymond Chi-Wing

    , 20, 30, 33, 34] can only handle relatively small graphs due to high index construction cost and large, in terms of both querying time and indexing costs. Our empirical study shows that our method can handle unweighted scale-free graph G = (V, E), construct a disk-based index for processing This work is licensed

  3. Unaligned Binary Codes for Index Compression in Schema-Independent Text Retrieval Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    during index construction. Schema- independent indices have different characteristics than document unaligned codes. Thus, their more compact index represen- tation does not carry the cost of a substantiallyUnaligned Binary Codes for Index Compression in Schema-Independent Text Retrieval Systems Stefan B

  4. LOCAL INDEX THEOREM FOR PROJECTIVE FAMILIES MOULAY-TAHAR BENAMEUR AND ALEXANDER GOROKHOVSKY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorokhovsky, Alexander

    Abstract. We give a superconnection proof of the Mathai-Melrose-Singer index theorem for the family 18 4. Dirac operators and superconnections 20 4.1. Dirac operators 20 4.2. Superconnections and index05, 19K56. Key words and phrases. Key words: Gerbe, Twisted K-theory, Family index, Superconnection

  5. Keeping a Search Engine Index Fresh: Risk and optimality in estimating refresh rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    and search engine indexes scale similarly, the cost of re-crawling every document all the time becomesKeeping a Search Engine Index Fresh: Risk and optimality in estimating refresh rates for web pages Search engines strive to maintain a "current" repository of all web pages on the internet to index

  6. An Efficient, Cost-Driven Index Selection Tool for Microsoft SQL Server Surajit Chaudhuri Vivek Narasayya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jiaheng

    146 An Efficient, Cost-Driven Index Selection Tool for Microsoft SQL Server Surajit Chaudhuri Vivek chosen are effective in reducing the cost of the workload by keeping the index selection tool a large number of spurious indexes from consideration by taking into account both query syntax and cost

  7. Applied Probability Trust (4 February 2008) INDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    . Then it is assumed that arms may break down, but repair is an option at some cost, and the new Whittle index policyApplied Probability Trust (4 February 2008) INDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS/action-dependent probabilities. It is proven that no index policy can attain the maximum expected total discounted reward

  8. Fast On-Line Index Construction by Geometric Partitioning Nicholas Lester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zobel, Justin

    reduce the cost of on-line index construction. Categories and Subject Descriptors H.3.1 [InformationFast On-Line Index Construction by Geometric Partitioning Nicholas Lester RMIT University Melbourne Inverted index structures are the mainstay of modern text retrieval systems. They can be constructed

  9. An Analytical Study of Object Identifier Indexing Kjetil Nrvag and Kjell Bratbergsengen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    model for index page buffer performance. The cost gain from using the results in this report the average number of disk accesses needed to retrieve an index entry. This can reduce the cost of OID mapping index entries. This issue has not previously been studied in detail. The OIDX access cost is also

  10. Index Policies for a Multi-Class Queue with Convex Holding Cost and Abandonments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayesta, Urtzi

    Index Policies for a Multi-Class Queue with Convex Holding Cost and Abandonments M. Larra~naga1-dimensional birth-and-death process. For linear hold- ing cost, the index can be calculated in closed-form and turns of no abandonments and lin- ear holding cost, our index coincides with the cµ-rule, which is known to be optimal

  11. Free-space microwave focusing by a negative-index gradient lens T. Driscolla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemat-Nasser, Sia

    Free-space microwave focusing by a negative-index gradient lens T. Driscolla and D. N. Basov gradient-index lens with an index of refraction ranging from -2.67 edge to -0.97 center . Experimentally technology which offers significant design, mechanical, and cost advantages over other microwave lens

  12. Asymptotically optimal index policies for an abandonment queue with convex holding cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayesta, Urtzi

    Asymptotically optimal index policies for an abandonment queue with convex holding cost M. Larra-dimensional birth-and-death process. For linear holding cost, the index can be calculated in closed-form and turns of no abandonments and linear holding cost, our index coincides with the cµ-rule, which is known to be optimal

  13. Indexing of Time Series by Major Minima and Maxima Eugene Fink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Eugene

    sets: stock prices, air and sea temperatures, and wind speeds. Keywords: Compression, indexing.ics.uci.edu). Wind speeds: We have used daily wind speeds at twelve sites in Ireland, from 1961 to 1978, ob- tained. Indexing: The indexing of a time-series database is based on the notion of major inclines, illustrated

  14. Indexing of Time Series by Major Minima and Maxima Eugene Fink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Eugene

    sets: stock prices, air and sea temperatures, and wind speeds. Keywords: Compression, indexing.ics.uci.edu). Wind speeds: We have used daily wind speeds at twelve sites in Ireland, from 1961 to 1978, ob­ tained. Indexing: The indexing of a time­series database is based on the notion of major inclines, illustrated

  15. Matrices as Babushka dolls: from the Conley index to symbolic dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    Matrices as Babushka dolls: from the Conley index to symbolic dynamics Rafael Frongillo University matricies This procession of "nested" matricies is a lot like... 2 #12;Babushka dolls: a (perhaps) useful analogy The dolls: 1. index map 2. index map with transient generators removed 3. induced symbol system

  16. A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century Miche`le B; accepted 30 November 2006; published 10 January 2007. [1] A Climate Change Index (CCI) is developed to a single index that is a measure for the strength of future climate change relative to today's natural

  17. Acoustic Activity as a Low Cost and Scalable Index of Seabird Colony Size: An Example with Forster's Terns (S. fosterii)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borker, Abraham

    2012-01-01

    as a scalable, low-cost index of the relative abundance ofACTIVTITY AS A LOW COST AND SCALABLE INDEX OF SEABIRD COLONYACTIVTITY AS A LOW COST AND SCALABLE INDEX OF SEABIRD COLONY

  18. Projecting Fatalities in Crashes Involving Older Drivers, 2000–2025, CRADA No. ORNL98-0500 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Patricia S. [ORNL] [ORNL; Jones, Donald W. [ORNL] [ORNL; Reuscher, Timothy [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education] [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education; Schmoyer, Richard S. [ORNL] [ORNL; Truett, Lorena F. [ORNL] [ORNL

    2000-04-01

    At the turn of the century – the 20th century that is – the median age in the United States was under 30 years; America was 60% rural in nature; and there were only 36 highway fatalities all year. As we leave the 20th century behind, the route into the 21st century is very different. “Intelligent” cars speed down multi-lane “smart” highways in a nation that is 75% urban. According to the Federal Highway Administration’s Highway Statistics, there are 28,000 times more vehicles on the road in 2000 than there were in 1900, and these vehicles travel about 2.6 trillion miles each year. Annual fatalities resulting from highway crashes have also increased – by over 1100%. We see other changes as well. The face of America is changing. It is growing older. In 2025, persons 65 and over will make up 18.5% of the total population. The number of persons aged 85 and over is increasing more rapidly than any other age group. More importantly, the elderly are taking more trips, driving further, and continuing to drive much later in life. These conditions lead to concerns about traffic safety. Although the elderly are healthier and drive safer cars than they did just two decades ago, their frailty makes them more susceptible to injury than younger persons involved in traffic crashes of the same severity. In addition, visual, physical, and cognitive skills, all of which contribute to driving abilities, decrease with advancing age. The familiar “U”-shaped curve depicting the rate of fatalities per vehicle miles traveled, shows that the elderly experience a higher highway fatality rate than any other age group except teenagers. While the overall number of highway fatalities has decreased regularly since 1972, the number of fatalities of elderly travelers has continued to increase steadily. This increase is cause for concern for both the elderly driver and for other persons on the roads who migh tbe placed in danger through crashes involving elderly drivers.

  19. Mathematikdidaktik an der LMU Mnchen/Mathematics Education University of Munich https://www.mathematik.uni-muenchen.de/~didaktik/index.php?data=blog/index&date~=2008-11[11/25/2008 12:07:18 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sriraman, Bharath

    .mathematik.uni-muenchen.de/~didaktik/index.php?data=blog/index&date~=2008-11[11/25/2008 12:07:18 PM] START

  20. Rapid Measurement of Neutron Dose Rate for Transport Index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, R.L.

    2000-02-27

    A newly available neutron dose equivalent remmeter with improved sensitivity and energy response has been put into service at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS). This instrument is being used to expedite measurement of the Transport Index and as an ALARA tool to identify locations where slightly elevated neutron dose equivalent rates exist. The meter is capable of measuring dose rates as low as 0.2 {mu}Sv per hour (20 {mu}rem per hour). Tests of the angular response and energy response of the instrument are reported. Calculations of the theoretical instrument response made using MCNP{trademark} are reported for materials typical of those being shipped.

  1. DOE technical standards list: Department of Energy standards index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-01

    This technical standards list (TSL) was prepared for use by personnel involved in the selection and use of US DOE technical standards and other government and non-government standards. This TSL provides listings of current DOE technical standards, non-government standards that have been adopted by DOE, other government documents in which DOE has a recorded interest, and cancelled DOE technical standards. Standards are indexed by type in the appendices to this document. Definitions of and general guidance for the use of standards are also provided.

  2. MCMC methods for wavelet representations in single index models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Chun Gun

    2004-09-30

    the function: one in which all wavelet coef cients are used in the series, and another that allows for shrinkage rules. We propose posterior inference for the two wavelet representations of the function. To implement posterior inference, we de ne a hierarchial... resolution level. In wavelet shrinkage rules we use ?pseudo-priors? for a zero coef cient. In single index models a direction b affects estimates of the function. Transforming b to a spherical polar coordinate q is a convenient way of imposing the constraint...

  3. Auto Indexer for Percussive Hammers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Research atDepartmentAudits and6Auidt Report:(AO)Auto Indexer for

  4. Wire number dependence of the implosion dynamics, stagnation, and radiation output of tungsten wire arrays at Z driver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazarakis, Michael G.; Stygar, William A.; Sinars, Daniel B.; Cuneo, Michael E.; Nash, Thomas J.; Chandler, Gordon A.; Keith Matzen, M.; Porter, John L.; Struve, Kenneth W.; McDaniel, Dillon H. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Deeney, Christopher E. [National Nuclear Security Administration, Washington, D.C. 20585 (United States); Douglas, Melissa R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Chittenden, Jerry [Imperial College, London, SW and 2BW (United Kingdom)

    2011-11-15

    We report results of the experimental campaign, which studied the initiation, implosion dynamics, and radiation yield of tungsten wire arrays as a function of the wire number. The wire array dimensions and mass were those of interest for the Z-pinch driven Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) program. An optimization study of the x-ray emitted peak power, rise time, and full width at half maximum was effectuated by varying the wire number while keeping the total array mass constant and equal to {approx}5.8 mg. The driver utilized was the {approx}20-MA Z accelerator before refurbishment in its usual short pulse mode of 100 ns. We studied single arrays of 20-mm diameter and 1-cm height. The smaller wire number studied was 30 and the largest 600. It appears that 600 is the highest achievable wire number with present day's technology. Radial and axial diagnostics were utilized including crystal monochromatic x-ray backlighter. An optimum wire number of {approx}375 was observed which was very close to the routinely utilized 300 for the ICF program in Sandia.

  5. Comparison of electric and magnetic quadrupole focusing for the low energy end of an induction-linac-ICF (Inertial-Confinement-Fusion) driver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, C.H.

    1987-04-01

    This report compares two physics designs of the low energy end of an induction linac-ICF driver: one using electric quadrupole focusing of many parallel beams followed by transverse combining; the other using magnetic quadrupole focusing of fewer beams without beam combining. Because of larger head-to-tail velocity spread and a consequent rapid current amplification in a magnetic focusing channel, the overall accelerator size of the design using magnetic focusing is comparable to that using electric focusing.

  6. High-Temperature SiC Power Module with Integrated SiC Gate Drivers for Future High-Density Power Electronics Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitaker, Mr. Bret [APEI, Inc.; Cole, Mr. Zach [APEI, Inc.; Passmore, Mr. Brandon [APEI, Inc.; Martin, Daniel [APEI, Inc.; Mcnutt, Tyler [APEI, Inc.; Lostetter, Dr. Alex [APEI, Inc.; Ericson, Milton Nance [ORNL; Frank, Steven Shane [ORNL; Britton Jr, Charles L [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Mantooth, Alan [University of Arkansas; Francis, Dr. Matt [University of Arkansas; Lamichhane, Ranjan [University of Arkansas; Shepherd, Dr. Paul [University of Arkansas; Glover, Dr. Michael [University of Arkansas

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the testing results of an all-silicon carbide (SiC) intelligent power module (IPM) for use in future high-density power electronics applications. The IPM has high-temperature capability and contains both SiC power devices and SiC gate driver integrated circuits (ICs). The high-temperature capability of the SiC gate driver ICs allows for them to be packaged into the power module and be located physically close to the power devices. This provides a distinct advantage by reducing the gate driver loop inductance, which promotes high frequency operation, while also reducing the overall volume of the system through higher levels of integration. The power module was tested in a bridgeless-boost converter to showcase the performance of the module in a system level application. The converter was initially operated with a switching frequency of 200 kHz with a peak output power of approximately 5 kW. The efficiency of the converter was then evaluated experimentally and optimized by increasing the overdrive voltage on the SiC gate driver ICs. Overall a peak efficiency of 97.7% was measured at 3.0 kW output. The converter s switching frequency was then increased to 500 kHz to prove the high frequency capability of the power module was then pushed to its limits and operated at a switching frequency of 500 kHz. With no further optimization of components, the converter was able to operate under these conditions and showed a peak efficiency of 95.0% at an output power of 2.1 kW.

  7. Dark Matter Constraints from a Cosmic Index of Refraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardner, Susan; Latimer, David C.

    2009-04-01

    The dark-matter candidates of particle physics invariably possess electromagnetic interactions, if only via quantum fluctuations. Taken en masse, dark matter can thus engender an index of refraction which deviates from its vacuum value. Its presence is signaled through frequency-dependent effects: the real part yields dispersive effects in propagation, and the imaginary part yields such in attenuation. We discuss theoretical constraints on the expansion of the index of refraction with frequency, the physical interpretation of the terms, and the particular observations needed to isolate its coefficients. This, with the advent of new opportunities to view gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distance scales, gives us a new probe of dark matter. As a first application we use the time delay determined from radio afterglow observations of gamma-ray bursts to limit the charge-to-mass ratio of dark matter to |{var_epsilon}|/M < 1.8 x 10{sup -5} eV{sup -1} at 95% CL.

  8. 10 Gb/s Radiation-Hard VCSEL Array Driver K.K. Gan, P. Buchholz, S. Heidbrink, H. Kagan, R. Kass, J. Moore, D.S. Smith, M. Vogt, M. Ziolkowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gan, K. K.

    to enhance the radiation-hardness. Each ASIC contains eight low voltage differential signal (LVDS) receivers10 Gb/s Radiation-Hard VCSEL Array Driver K.K. Gan, P. Buchholz, S. Heidbrink, H. Kagan, R. Kass, JV protons to a dose of 0.92x1015 1-MeV neq/cm2 and remain operational. For the 10 Gb/s VCSEL array driver

  9. Related Links Click here for artist's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    , and seismic rumblings have left their respective marks. Flat is not so good. But when it comes to exploring Scientists Propose Paradigm Shift in Robotic Space Exploration PASADENA, Calif.--Just ask any geologist.S. Geological Survey has unveiled a proposal to make core changes in the robotic exploration of the solar system

  10. Graphical Password Authentication Using Cued Click Points

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Oorschot, Paul

    , September 2007. J.Biskup and J. Lopez (Eds.): ESORICS 2007, LNCS 4734, pp.359-374, 2007. c Springer

  11. Click to Edit Master Title Style

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4Cubic Feet) Gas Wells (Million CubicChangesEIA

  12. Quantum vacuum emission from a refractive index front

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxime Jacquet; Friedrich Koenig

    2015-04-28

    We consider a boundary separating two otherwise homogeneous regions of a dielectric, that is moving at approximately the group velocity of light. We investigate the emission of light from the quantum vacuum by this moving refractive index step in 1+1 dimensions for realistic dispersive media. We extend an analytical framework based on the Hopfield model [1] to calculate the emission from all modes at any frequency. We establish conditions for analogue event horizons and study the various mode configurations with and without horizons. We then present analytically calculated emission spectra in the moving and laboratory frame. We find that the emission spectrum is highly structured into intervals of emission with black hole-, white hole-, and no horizons. We also calculate the number of photons emitted as a function of the step height and find a power law of 2.5 for low step heights.

  13. Electrically tunable graded index planar lens based on graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasari, H. Abrishamian, M. S.

    2014-08-28

    The realization of electrically tunable beam focusing using a properly designed conductivity pattern along a strip on a background single graphene flake with operation in the terahertz regime is proposed and numerically investigated. The strip is illuminated with a guided surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) plane wave and the physical origin of the design procedure is evaluated from the phase of effective mode index of propagating SPP wave on graphene. Upon tuning a gate voltage between the graphene sheet and the substrate, the focus tuning is achieved. Finite- difference time-domain numerical technique is employed to explore the propagation characteristic of SPP wave and the performance parameters of the lens include the focal length, full-width half-maximum, and focusing efficiency. Such a one atom thick planar lens with the capability of electrical focus tuning besides the compatibility with current planar optoelectronic systems can find valuable potential applications in the field of transformational plasmon optics.

  14. Developing an operational capabilities index of the emergency services sector.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collins, M.J.; Eaton, L.K.; Shoemaker, Z.M.; Fisher, R.E.; Veselka, S.N.; Wallace, K.E.; Petit, F.D. (Decision and Information Sciences)

    2012-02-20

    In order to enhance the resilience of the Nation and its ability to protect itself in the face of natural and human-caused hazards, the ability of the critical infrastructure (CI) system to withstand specific threats and return to normal operations after degradation must be determined. To fully analyze the resilience of a region and the CI that resides within it, both the actual resilience of the individual CI and the capability of the Emergency Services Sector (ESS) to protect against and respond to potential hazards need to be considered. Thus, a regional resilience approach requires the comprehensive consideration of all parts of the CI system as well as the characterization of emergency services. This characterization must generate reproducible results that can support decision making with regard to risk management, disaster response, business continuity, and community planning and management. To address these issues, Argonne National Laboratory, in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Sector Specific Agency - Executive Management Office, developed a comprehensive methodology to create an Emergency Services Sector Capabilities Index (ESSCI). The ESSCI is a performance metric that ranges from 0 (low level of capabilities) to 100 (high). Because an emergency services program has a high ESSCI, however, does not mean that a specific event would not be able to affect a region or cause severe consequences. And because a program has a low ESSCI does not mean that a disruptive event would automatically lead to serious consequences in a region. Moreover, a score of 100 on the ESSCI is not the level of capability expected of emergency services programs; rather, it represents an optimal program that would rarely be observed. The ESSCI characterizes the state of preparedness of a jurisdiction in terms of emergency and risk management. Perhaps the index's primary benefit is that it can systematically capture, at a given point in time, the capabilities of a jurisdiction to protect itself from, mitigate, respond to, and recover from a potential incident. On the basis of this metric, an interactive tool - the ESSCI Dashboard - can identify scenarios for enhancement that can be implemented, and it can identify the repercussions of these scenarios on the jurisdiction. It can assess the capabilities of law enforcement, fire fighting, search and rescue, emergency medical services, hazardous materials response, dispatch/911, and emergency management services in a given jurisdiction and it can help guide those who need to prioritize what limited resources should be used to improve these capabilities. Furthermore, this tool can be used to compare the level of capabilities of various jurisdictions that have similar socioeconomic characteristics. It can thus help DHS define how it can support risk reduction and community preparedness at a national level. This tool aligns directly with Presidential Policy Directive 8 by giving a jurisdiction a metric of its ESS's capabilities and by promoting an interactive approach for defining options to improve preparedness and to effectively respond to a disruptive event. It can be used in combination with other CI performance metrics developed at Argonne National Laboratory, such as the vulnerability index and the resilience index for assessing regional resilience.

  15. Development of an environmental relative moldiness index for US homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vesper, Sephen J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Haugland, Richard A.; Wymer, Larry; Bradham, Karen; Ashley, Peter; Cox, David J.; DeWalt, Gary; Friedman, Warren

    2007-08-01

    As part of the HUD American Healthy Survey, dust samples were collected by vacuuming 2 m2 in the bedroom plus 2 m2 in the living room of a nationally representative 1096 homes in the USA using the Mitest™ sampler. Five mg of sieved (300 µ pore, nylon mesh) dust was analyzed by mold specific quantitative PCR for the 36 EPA Mold Panel Species. On this basis, an “environmental relative moldiness index” (ERMI) was created with values ranging from about -10 to 20 (lowest to highest). In order to try to reduce the cost of this analysis, the number of test species was reduced by selecting only those species with a national average concentration of 30 cell equivalents (CE) per mg dust or greater. Only 19 of 36 species met this criterion. (In 40% of the homes, an additional 46 species were quantified from the same dust sample. All of these species had average concentrations less than 30 CE per mg dust.) These 19 species were then categorized into two groups based on their coefficient of variation (CV). If the CV was > 9, the mold was placed in Category 1 (10/19) and the other molds were placed in Category 2 (9/19). Using these Categories, the sum of the log-transformed concentrations of three Category 2 molds (C. herbarum, A. alternata and C. cladosporioides Type 1) was subtracted from the sum of the log-transformed concentrations of the ten Category 1 molds (Aspergillus niger, A. ochraceus, A. penicillioides, A. restrictus, A. sydowii, Chaetomium globosum, Eurotium amsteldoami, Paecilomyces variotii, Penicillium chrysogenum and Wallemia sebi). Assembling these values for the 1096 AHHS homes from lowest to highest produced the “American relative moldiness index” (ARMI). The correlation between the ERMI and ARMI values was 0.88. The ERMI or ARMI scales may be useful as a standard for mold exposure estimates in epidemiological studies.

  16. Feasibility of developing a portable driver performance data acquisition system for human factors research: Technical tasks. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, R.J.; Barickman, F.S.; Spelt, P.F.; Schmoyer, R.L.; Kirkpatrick, J.R.

    1998-01-01

    A two-phase, multi-year research program entitled ``development of a portable driver performance data acquisition system for human factors research`` was recently completed. The primary objective of the project was to develop a portable data acquisition system for crash avoidance research (DASCAR) that will allow drive performance data to be collected using a large variety of vehicle types and that would be capable of being installed on a given vehicle type within a relatively short-time frame. During phase 1 a feasibility study for designing and fabricating DASCAR was conducted. In phase 2 of the research DASCAR was actually developed and validated. This technical memorandum documents the results from the feasibility study. It is subdivided into three volumes. Volume one (this report) addresses the last five items in the phase 1 research and the first issue in the second phase of the project. Volumes two and three present the related appendices, and the design specifications developed for DASCAR respectively. The six tasks were oriented toward: identifying parameters and measures; identifying analysis tools and methods; identifying measurement techniques and state-of-the-art hardware and software; developing design requirements and specifications; determining the cost of one or more copies of the proposed data acquisition system; and designing a development plan and constructing DASCAR. This report also covers: the background to the program; the requirements for the project; micro camera testing; heat load calculations for the DASCAR instrumentation package in automobile trunks; phase 2 of the research; the DASCAR hardware and software delivered to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; and crash avoidance problems that can be addressed by DASCAR.

  17. Body Mass Index, Neighborhood Fast Food and Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inagami, Sanae; Cohen, Deborah A.; Brown, Arleen F.; Asch, Steven M.

    2009-01-01

    Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership Sanae Inagami,body mass index and whether car ownership might moderateRESTAURANT CONCENTRATION, AND CAR OWNERSHIP Quiznos, Little

  18. Active metamaterials: sign of refraction index and gain-assisted dispersion management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander A. Govyadinov; Mikhail A. Noginov; Viktor A. Podolskiy

    2007-04-27

    We derive an approach to define the causal direction of the wavevector of modes in optical metamaterials, which in turn, determines signs of refractive index and impedance as a function of {\\it real and imaginary} parts of dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability. We use the developed technique to demonstrate that the interplay between resonant response of constituents of metamaterials can be used to achieve efficient dispersion management. Finally we demonstrate broadband dispersion-less index and impedance matching in active nanowire-based negative index materials. Our work opens new practical applications of negative index composites for broadband lensing, imaging, and pulse-routing.

  19. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 1-39, 1938-1969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous,

    1970-01-01

    SCRIPPS INSTITUTION OF OCEANOGRAPHY CONTRIBUTIONS IndexMaurice. Blackburn, Maurice. Oceanography and the ecology ofPhleger) Sedimentology and oceanography of coastal lagoons

  20. A simplified psoriasis area severity index (SPASI) for rating psoriasis severity in clinic patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louden, B Asher; Pearce, Daniel J MD; Lang, Wei PhD; Feldman, Steven R MD PhD

    2004-01-01

    T, Pettersson U. Severe psoriasis--oral therapy with a newof disease progress in psoriasis. Arch Dermatol 1989; 125(the limitations of the psoriasis area and severity index (

  1. Development of a multiple metric index for macroinvertebrates collected from lower Missouri River floodplain wetlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koontz, Jason Alexander

    2010-07-26

    of a priori Stressor Groups ................................................................................. 27 2.8 Metric Response ................................................................................................................... 28... 2.8 Metric Redundancy............................................................................................................... 28 2.9 Scoring Individual Metrics and Final Index...

  2. Cataloging Compared to Descriptive Bibliography, Abstracting and Indexing Services and Metadata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Martha M

    2007-01-01

    indexing services do use a thesaurus since the emphasis isauthors and works. However, the thesaurus usually bears norelationship to any other thesaurus or subject heading list;

  3. EinS: a Mathematica package for computations with indexed objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei A. Klioner

    2000-11-03

    This preprint contains a description of a package for Mathematica called EinS. This package allows one to perform various calculations with indexed objects.

  4. An Index to LATR 11/1 (Fall 1977) to 15/2 (Spring 1982)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Catherine

    1982-04-01

    SPRING 1982 97 An Index toLATR, 11/1 (Fall 1977) to 15/2 (Spring 1982) Catherine Larson The following index was compiled to facilitate access to LA TR published during the past five years. I have based the format of this index on the index..., Andrea G. "Age, Alienation and the Artist in Usigli's Los viejos," 14/2 (Spring 1981), 41-47. MEX . "Something Old, Something New: El Gigante Amapolas," 15/2 (Spring 1982), 1-11 ARG . "Time, Space and the Refracted Self in Gorostiza's El nuevo pa...

  5. Long period grating refractive-index sensor: optimal design for single wavelength interrogation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapoor, Amita; Sharma, Enakshi K.

    2009-11-01

    We report the design criteria for the use of long period gratings (LPGs) as refractive-index sensors with output power at a single interrogating wavelength as the measurement parameter. The design gives maximum sensitivity in a given refractive-index range when the interrogating wavelength is fixed. Use of the design criteria is illustrated by the design of refractive-index sensors for specific application to refractive-index variation of a sugar solution with a concentration and detection of mole fraction of xylene in heptane (paraffin).

  6. Prognostic Indexes for Brain Metastases: Which Is the Most Powerful?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arruda Viani, Gustavo, E-mail: gusviani@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Marilia Medical School, Marilia, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Bernardes da Silva, Lucas Godoi; Stefano, Eduardo Jose [Department of Radiation Oncology, Marilia Medical School, Marilia, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to compare the prognostic indexes (PIs) of patients with brain metastases (BMs) treated with whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) using an artificial neural network. This analysis is important, because it evaluates the prognostic power of each PI to guide clinical decision-making and outcomes research. Methods and Materials: A retrospective prognostic study was conducted of 412 patients with BMs who underwent WBRT between April 1998 and March 2010. The eligibility criteria for patients included having undergone WBRT or WBRT plus neurosurgery. The data were analyzed using the artificial neural network. The input neural data consisted of all prognostic factors included in the 5 PIs (recursive partitioning analysis, graded prognostic assessment [GPA], basic score for BMs, Rotterdam score, and Germany score). The data set was randomly divided into 300 training and 112 testing examples for survival prediction. All 5 PIs were compared using our database of 412 patients with BMs. The sensibility of the 5 indexes to predict survival according to their input variables was determined statistically using receiver operating characteristic curves. The importance of each variable from each PI was subsequently evaluated. Results: The overall 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rate was 22%, 10.2%, and 5.1%, respectively. All classes of PIs were significantly associated with survival (recursive partitioning analysis, P < .0001; GPA, P < .0001; basic score for BMs, P = .002; Rotterdam score, P = .001; and Germany score, P < .0001). Comparing the areas under the curves, the GPA was statistically most sensitive in predicting survival (GPA, 86%; recursive partitioning analysis, 81%; basic score for BMs, 79%; Rotterdam, 73%; and Germany score, 77%; P < .001). Among the variables included in each PI, the performance status and presence of extracranial metastases were the most important factors. Conclusion: A variety of prognostic models describe the survival of patients with BMs to a more or less satisfactory degree. Among the 5 PIs evaluated in the present study, GPA was the most powerful in predicting survival. Additional studies should include emerging biologic prognostic factors to improve the sensibility of these PIs.

  7. On the Witten index in terms of spectral shift functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Carey; Fritz Gesztesy; Denis Potapov; Fedor Sukochev; Yuri Tomilov

    2014-09-11

    We study the model operator $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}} = (d/dt) + \\mathbf{A}$ in $L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$ associated with the operator path $\\{A(t)\\}_{t=-\\infty}^{\\infty}$, where $(\\mathbf{A} f)(t) = A(t) f(t)$ for a.e.\\ $t\\in\\mathbb{R}$, and appropriate $f \\in L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$ (with $\\mathcal{H}$ a separable, complex Hilbert space). Denoting by $A_{\\pm}$ the norm resolvent limits of $A(t)$ as $t \\to \\pm \\infty$, our setup permits $A(t)$ in $\\mathcal{H}$ to be an unbounded, relatively trace class perturbation of the unbounded self-adjoint operator $A_-$, and no discrete spectrum assumptions are made on $A_{\\pm}$. We introduce resolvent and semigroup regularized Witten indices of $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}$, denoted by $W_r$ and $W_s$, and prove that these regularized indices coincide with the Fredholm index of $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}$ whenever the latter is Fredholm. In situations where $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}$ ceases to be a Fredholm operator in $L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$ we compute its resolvent (resp., semigroup) regularized Witten index in terms of the spectral shift function $\\xi(\\,\\cdot\\,;A_+,A_-)$ associated with the pair $(A_+, A_-)$ as follows: Assuming $0$ to be a right and a left Lebesgue point of $\\xi(\\,\\cdot\\,\\, ; A_+, A_-)$, denoted by $\\xi_L(0_+; A_+,A_-)$ and $\\xi_L(0_-; A_+, A_-)$, we prove that $0$ is also a right Lebesgue point of $\\xi(\\,\\cdot\\,\\, ; \\mathbf{H_2}, \\mathbf{H_1})$, denoted by $\\xi_L(0_+; \\mathbf{H_2}, \\mathbf{H_1})$, and that \\begin{align*} W_r(\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}) &= W_s(\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}) \\\\ & = \\xi_L(0_+; \\mathbf{H_2}, \\mathbf{H_1}) \\\\ & = [\\xi_L(0_+; A_+,A_-) + \\xi_L(0_-; A_+, A_-)]/2, \\end{align*} the principal result of this paper. In the special case where $\\dim(\\mathcal{H}) < \\infty$, we prove that the Witten indices of $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}$ are either integer, or half-integer-valued.

  8. Drivers of melanoma susceptibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robles Espinoza, Carla Daniela

    2015-03-03

    (Winterstein A. Festschrift. Basel: Emil Barell; 1936; quoted by [83]), and subsequent experiments showed that BP applied on mouse skin, even at low doses, was highly carcinogenic and generally produced squamous cell carcinomas [84]. Other researchers were... caused by UV radiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 1.2 Paul Broca’s pedigree evidences familial predisposition to cancer . . . . . 26 1.3 Known melanoma susceptibility genes and their functions . . . . . . . . . 35 1.4 Polygenic model...

  9. Market Drivers for Biofuels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    or natural gas, for process energy 6 Ethanol Grain Sorghum Dry mill process, using only biogas from landfills, waste treatment plants, andor waste digesters for process energy...

  10. Large-N transitions of the connectivity index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco Aprile; Vasilis Niarchos

    2015-01-15

    The connectivity index, defined as the number of decoupled components of a separable quantum system, can change under deformations of the Hamiltonian or during the dynamical change of the system under renormalization group flow. Such changes signal a rearrangement of correlations of different degrees of freedom across spacetime and field theory space. In this paper we quantify such processes by studying the behavior of entanglement entropy in a specific example: the RG flow in the Coulomb branch of large-N superconformal field theories. We find evidence that the transition from the non-separable phase of the Higgsed gauge theory in the UV to the separable phase of deformed decoupled CFTs in the IR exhibits sharp features in the middle of the RG flow in the large-N limit. The entanglement entropy on a sphere with radius $\\ell$ exhibits the formation of a separatrix on the co-dimension-two Ryu-Takayanagi surface in multi-centered brane geometries above a critical value of $\\ell$. We discuss how other measures of entanglement and separability based on the relative quantum entropy and quantum mutual information might detect such transitions between non-separable and separable phases and how they would help describe some of the key properties of the IR physics of such flows.

  11. Braking index of isolated uniformly rotating magnetized pulsars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamil, Oliver; Urbanec, Martin; Urbancova, Gabriela

    2015-01-01

    Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate in detail, the commonly accepted view is that it arises through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body. Other processes, including the emission of gravitational radiation, and of relativistic particles (pulsar wind), are also being considered. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar with a constant moment of inertia is assumed proportional to a model dependent power of $\\Omega$. This relation leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The MDR model predicts $n$ exactly equal to 3. Selected observations of isolated pulsars provide rather precise values of $n$, individually accurate to a few percent or better, in the range 1$ <$ n $ < $ 2.8, which is consi...

  12. Functional determinants, index theorems, and exact quantum black hole entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murthy, Sameer

    2015-01-01

    The exact quantum entropy of BPS black holes can be evaluated using localization in supergravity. An important ingredient in this program, that has been lacking so far, is the one-loop effect arising from the quadratic fluctuations of the exact deformation (the $Q\\mathcal{V}$ operator). We compute the fluctuation determinant for vector multiplets and hyper multiplets around $Q$-invariant off-shell configurations in four-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity with $AdS_{2} \\times S^{2}$ boundary conditions, using the Atiyah-Bott fixed-point index theorem and a subsequent zeta function regularization. Our results extend the large-charge on-shell entropy computations in the literature to a regime of finite charges. Based on our results, we present an exact formula for the quantum entropy of BPS black holes in $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity. We explain cancellations concerning $\\frac18$-BPS black holes in $\\mathcal{N}=8$ supergravity that were observed previously. We also make comments about the interpretation of...

  13. Functional determinants, index theorems, and exact quantum black hole entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sameer Murthy; Valentin Reys

    2015-08-10

    The exact quantum entropy of BPS black holes can be evaluated using localization in supergravity. An important ingredient in this program, that has been lacking so far, is the one-loop effect arising from the quadratic fluctuations of the exact deformation (the $Q\\mathcal{V}$ operator). We compute the fluctuation determinant for vector multiplets and hyper multiplets around $Q$-invariant off-shell configurations in four-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity with $AdS_{2} \\times S^{2}$ boundary conditions, using the Atiyah-Bott fixed-point index theorem and a subsequent zeta function regularization. Our results extend the large-charge on-shell entropy computations in the literature to a regime of finite charges. Based on our results, we present an exact formula for the quantum entropy of BPS black holes in $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity. We explain cancellations concerning $\\frac18$-BPS black holes in $\\mathcal{N}=8$ supergravity that were observed in arXiv:1111.1161. We also make comments about the interpretation of a logarithmic term in the topological string partition function in the low energy supergravity theory.

  14. Antireflective graded index silica coating, method for making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yoldas, Bulent E. (Churchill, PA); Partlow, Deborah P. (Wilkinsburg, PA)

    1985-01-01

    Antireflective silica coating for vitreous material is substantially non-reflecting over a wide band of radiations. This is achieved by providing the coating with a graded degree of porosity which grades the index of refraction between that of air and the vitreous material of the substrate. To prepare the coating, there is first prepared a silicon-alkoxide-based coating solution of particular polymer structure produced by a controlled proportion of water to alkoxide and a controlled concentration of alkoxide to solution, along with a small amount of catalyst. The primary solvent is alcohol and the solution is polymerized and hydrolized under controlled conditions prior to use. The prepared solution is applied as a film to the vitreous substrate and rapidly dried. It is thereafter heated under controlled conditions to volatilize the hydroxyl radicals and organics therefrom and then to produce a suitable pore morphology in the residual porous silica layer. The silica layer is then etched in order to enlarge the pores in a graded fashion, with the largest of the pores remaining being sufficiently small that radiations to be passed through the substrate are not significantly scattered. For use with quartz substrates, extremely durable coatings which display only 0.1% reflectivity have been prepared.

  15. Viscosity index improver-dispersant additive useful in oil compositions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardiner, J.B.; Dick, M.N.

    1988-10-25

    A process comprising grafting in the substantial absence of solvent a hydrocarbon polymer of C/sub 2/ to C/sub 28/ olefin, the polymer having a number average molecular weight in the range of about 5,000 to 500,000 with an unsaturated material selected from the group consisting of: (A) ethylenically unsaturated C/sub 3/ to C/sub 10/ carboxylic acid having 1 to 2 carboxylic acid groups or an anhydride group, and (B) nitrogen-containing ethylenically unsaturated monomers containing 6 to 30 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 nitrogen atoms, in the presence of a free radical initiator and a chain stopping agent comprising at least one member selected from the group consisting of alphatic mercaptans having 4 to 24 carbon atoms, deithyl hydroxyl amine cumene and phenols, the grafting being conducted in a manner and under conditions sufficient to form a substantially oil soluble graft copolymer useful as a viscosity index improver-dispersant additive for lubricating oil compositions.

  16. The high current, fast, 100ns, Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) developmental project at Sandia Laboratories and HCEI.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, Kevin S.; Long, Finis W.; Sinebryukhov, Vadim A. , Tomsk, Russia); Kim, Alexandre A. , Tomsk, Russia); Wakeland, Peter Eric; McKee, G. Randall; Woodworth, Joseph Ray; McDaniel, Dillon Heirman; Fowler, William E.; Mazarakis, Michael Gerrassimos; Porter, John Larry, Jr.; Struve, Kenneth William; Savage, Mark Edward; Stygar, William A.; LeChien, Keith R.; Matzen, Maurice Keith

    2010-09-01

    Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, N.M., USA, in collaboration with the High Current Electronic Institute (HCEI), Tomsk, Russia, is developing a new paradigm in pulsed power technology: the Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) technology. This technological approach can provide very compact devices that can deliver very fast high current and high voltage pulses straight out of the cavity with out any complicated pulse forming and pulse compression network. Through multistage inductively insulated voltage adders, the output pulse, increased in voltage amplitude, can be applied directly to the load. The load may be a vacuum electron diode, a z-pinch wire array, a gas puff, a liner, an isentropic compression load (ICE) to study material behavior under very high magnetic fields, or a fusion energy (IFE) target. This is because the output pulse rise time and width can be easily tailored to the specific application needs. In this paper we briefly summarize the developmental work done in Sandia and HCEI during the last few years, and describe our new MYKONOS Sandia High Current LTD Laboratory. An extensive evaluation of the LTD technology is being performed at SNL and the High Current Electronic Institute (HCEI) in Tomsk Russia. Two types of High Current LTD cavities (LTD I-II, and 1-MA LTD) were constructed and tested individually and in a voltage adder configuration (1-MA cavity only). All cavities performed remarkably well and the experimental results are in full agreement with analytical and numerical calculation predictions. A two-cavity voltage adder is been assembled and currently undergoes evaluation. This is the first step towards the completion of the 10-cavity, 1-TW module. This MYKONOS voltage adder will be the first ever IVA built with a transmission line insulated with deionized water. The LTD II cavity renamed LTD III will serve as a test bed for evaluating a number of different types of switches, resistors, alternative capacitor configurations, cores and other cavity components. Experimental results will be presented at the Conference and in future publications.

  17. Optimizing and Diversifying the Electric Range of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles for U.S. Drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    To provide useful information for automakers to design successful plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) products and for energy and environmental analysts to understand the social impact of PHEVs, this paper addresses the question of how many of the U.S. consumers, if buying a PHEV, would prefer what electric ranges. The Market-oriented Optimal Range for PHEV (MOR-PHEV) model is developed to optimize the PHEV electric range for each of 36,664 sampled individuals representing U.S. new vehicle drivers. The optimization objective is the minimization of the sum of costs on battery, gasoline, electricity and refueling hassle. Assuming no battery subsidy, the empirical results suggest that: 1) the optimal PHEV electric range approximates two thirds of one s typical daily driving distance in the near term, defined as $450/kWh battery delivered price and $4/gallon gasoline price. 2) PHEVs are not ready to directly compete with HEVs at today s situation, defined by the $600/kWh battery delivered price and the $3-$4/gallon gasoline price, but can do so in the near term. 3) PHEV10s will be favored by the market over longer-range PHEVs in the near term, but longer-range PHEVs can dominate the PHEV market if gasoline prices reach as high as $5-$6 per gallon and/or battery delivered prices reach as low as $150-$300/kWh. 4) PHEVs can become much more attractive against HEVs in the near term if the electric range can be extended by only 10% with multiple charges per day, possible with improved charging infrastructure or adapted charging behavior. 5) the impact of a $100/kWh decrease in battery delivered prices on the competiveness of PHEVs against HEVs can be offset by about $1.25/gallon decrease in gasoline prices, or about 7/kWh increase in electricity prices. This also means that the impact of a $1/gallon decrease in gasoline prices can be offset by about 5/kWh decrease in electricity prices.

  18. A comparison of geographical information systemsbased algorithms for computing the TOPMODEL topographic index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Feifei

    A comparison of geographical information systems­­based algorithms for computing the TOPMODEL)-based topographic index algorithms is evaluated by computing root-mean-square errors of the computed-based topographic index algorithms are combinations of flow direction and slope algorithms: i.e., single flow

  19. DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammann, Bernd

    DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX Abstract. We prove existence results for Dirac-harmonic maps using index theoretical tools. They are mainly interesting if the source map between the source and target manifolds is a harmonic map. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2

  20. Author's personal copy A novel ocean color index to detect oating algae in the global oceans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Author's personal copy A novel ocean color index to detect oating algae in the global oceans December 2008 Received in revised form 15 May 2009 Accepted 23 May 2009 Keywords: Floating Algae Index (FAI Remote sensing Ocean color Climate data record Various types of oating algae have been reported in open