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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Drinking Water Standards Drinking water from a local public supply must  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Standards Drinking water from a local public supply must meet federal and state standards for safe drink- ing water. Two sets of standards-primary drinking water and secondary drinking water- establish Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) for a variety of contaminants. If the water sup- ply

Dyer, Bill

2

Climate change versus urban drinking water supply and management: a case analysis on the coastal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Informatics, Brandenburg University of Technology at Cottbus, P.O. Box. 101344, D-03013 Cottbus, GERMANY (E-mail: shafinoor@yahoo.com; ishafin@yahoo.com) Abstract Clean urban drinking water supply is now a crucial problem; management. INTRODUCTION Clean urban drinking water supply is now a global problem, and most of the countries

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

3

Removal of inorganic anions from drinking water supplies by membrane bio/processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is designed to provide an overview of the main membrane-assisted processes that can be used for the removal of toxic inorganic anions from drinking water supplies. The emphasis has been placed on in...

Svetlozar Velizarov; João G. Crespo…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a drinking water treatment plant, the motors devoted toSmall Water Supply Facilities: A Profile of Motor Energydrinking water systems, installing energy-efficient motors

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Storing A Safe Emergency Drinking Water By Sharon Skipton,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Storing A Safe Emergency Drinking Water Supply By Sharon Skipton, UNL Extension Water Quality emergency drinking water supply on hand is a good idea. If you do not have an emergency water supply water supplies are suitable for storage. Private drinking water supplies suitable for drinking

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

6

Drinking Water Problems: Lead  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lead in drinking water can damage the brain, kidneys, nervous system and red blood cells. This publication explains how lead can enter drinking water, how to have your water tested, and how to eliminate lead from drinking water....

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

7

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use at Wisconsin’s Drinking Water Utilities. AvailableFinancial Assistance for Small Drinking Water Systems. U.S.of Ground Water and Drinking Water. Report 816-K-02-005.

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Brookhaven National Laboratory Source Water Assessment for Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BNL 52608 Brookhaven National Laboratory Source Water Assessment for Drinking Water Supply Wells Under Contract with the United States Department of Energy Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 #12;BNL 52608 Brookhaven National Laboratory Source Water Assessment for Drinking Water Supply Wells December 27, 2000

9

The Impact of Non-Drinking Water Exposures on Drinking Water Standards: A Problem of Acceptable Levels of Risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under the Safe drinking Water Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to establish highly protective drinking water standards for compounds which are likely to contaminant public water supplies...

Paul S. Price

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

A comparative study of the radiological hazard in sediments samples from drinking water purification plants supplied from different sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The natural radiation level has been determined for 135 sediment samples from forty-six drinking water purification plants supplied from different sources (Nile River, Ibrahimia Canal and Bahr Yousif Canal) aiming to evaluate the radiation hazard. The concentration of natural radionuclides (226Ra, 232Th and 40K) has been investigated by using gamma spectrometry (NaI (Tl) 3? × 3?) detector. The results showed that the concentrations of average activity in the sediment samples collected from Nile River, Ibrahimia Canal and Bahr Yousif Canal are (29 ± 2, 30 ± 2 and 240 ± 8 Bq kg?1), (47 ± 3, 46 ± 8 and 258 ± 12 Bq kg?1) and (28 ± 2, 27 ± 3 and 219 ± 18 Bq kg?1) for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K, respectively. The distributions of average activity concentrations of samples under investigation are within the world values although some extreme values have been determined. Radiological hazard effects such as: absorbed dose rate (D), outdoor and indoor annual effective dose equivalent (AEDE), radium equivalent activities (Raeq), hazard indices (Hex and Hin), gamma index (I?), excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR) and annual gonadal dose equivalent (AGDE) for the corresponding samples were also estimated.

Shams A.M. Issa; M.A.M. Uosif; Mahmoud Tammam; Reda Elsaman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Looking For Traces of Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Looking For Traces of Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water By Daniel D. Snow, Ph.D. Director traces of drugs in the public drinking water supplies of 24 major U.S. metropolitan areas. This has in drinking water supplies is not new, but the classes of contaminants being tested for are. Pharmaceuticals

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

12

Drinking Water Problems: Perchlorate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in groundwater (Figure 1). Drinking Water Problems: Perchlorate Monty C. Dozier, Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist, Rebecca H. Melton, Extension Assistant, Texas Cooperative Extension, The Texas A&M University System Michael F. Hare, Senior Natural... in groundwater (Figure 1). Drinking Water Problems: Perchlorate Monty C. Dozier, Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist, Rebecca H. Melton, Extension Assistant, Texas Cooperative Extension, The Texas A&M University System Michael F. Hare, Senior Natural...

Dozier, Monty; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Porter, Dana; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

13

An evaluation of invertebrate dynamics in a drinking water distribution system: a South African perspective .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The occurrence of invertebrates in drinking water supplies is a common consumer complaint with studies showing that very few drinking water distribution networks are totally… (more)

Shaddock, Bridget

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

920 Articles | JNCI Vol. 99, Issue 12 | June 20, 2007 Drinking water in region II of Chile is supplied mainly by rivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

920 Articles | JNCI Vol. 99, Issue 12 | June 20, 2007 Drinking water in region II of Chile in the main city of region II, Antofagasta, was approximately 90 µg/L (1), nearly twice the drinking water.permissions@oxfordjournals.org. Fifty-Year Study of Lung and Bladder Cancer Mortality in Chile Related to Arsenic in Drinking Water

California at Berkeley, University of

15

Drinking Water Problems: Corrosion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Problems: Corrosion Mark L. McFarland, Tony L. Provin, and Diane E. Boellstorff and fail. Corrosion can cause three types of damage: · The entire metal surface gradually thins and red (Fig. 1). · Deep pits appear that can penetrate pipe or tank walls. This type of corrosion may not add

16

Your Actions Can Help Protect Our Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication offers advice on how to protect our drinking water supply by properly selecting, storing, using and disposing of household hazardous products....

Harris, Janie

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

17

Combating An Odorless, Tasteless, Unseen Problem in Nebraska Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combating An Odorless, Tasteless, Unseen Problem in Nebraska Drinking Water By Steve Ress You can with the specter of arsenic contamination in their drinking water. For more than 60 years, the maximum allowable limit for arsenic in public drinking water supplies has been 50 parts per billion (ppb) and most public

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

18

Drinking Water Problems: Benzene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their water. Activated charcoal or granular activated carbon Cellulose fibers Unfiltered water inlet Filtered water outlet Carbon granules Cellulose fibers Cellulose fibers Figure 2: Granular activated carbon (GAC) filter (adapted from Parrott et al...). filters used to improve the taste or remove odor of the water also can remove some contaminants in water supplies. These filters are effective in removing vola- tile organic compounds which easily vaporize into the atmosphere under normal conditions...

Dozier, Monty; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

19

Drinking water in Cuba and seawater desalination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lack of drinking water has become a problem at world level because, in many places, supplies are very limited and, in other places, their reserves have been drained. At the present time there are estimated to be around two thousand million people that don't have drinking water for several reasons, such as drought, contamination and the presence of saline waters not suitable for human consumption. Because of the human need for water, they have always taken residence in areas where the supply was guaranteed, sometimes impeding the exploitation of other areas that can be economically very interesting. However, this resource is usually very close and in abundance in the form of seawater but its salinity makes it unusable for many basic requirements. Humanity has been forced, therefore, to take into consideration the possibilities of the economic treatment of seawater. Cuba has regions where the supplies of drinking water are scarce and others where the lack of this resource limits economic exploitation. The present work is approached with regard to the situation of hydro resources in Cuba, it includes: a description of the main hydrographic basins of the country; the contamination levels of the waters and the measures for mitigation; analysis of the supplies and demand for drinking water and its quality; regulatory aspects. The state of seawater desalination in Cuba is also included and the possibility of its realisation using nuclear energy and the advantages that this would bring is evaluated.

E. Meneses-Ruiz; L.M. Turtos-Carbonell; I. Oviedo-Rivero

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Brookhaven's Drinking-Water Quality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Quality Water Quality The Lab's finished drinking water is produced with pride by the staff of BNL's Water Treatment Facility Home Groundwater Consumer Confidence Reports Water Treatment Process Resources Tap Water Recommendations Water Cooler Cleaning Additional Resources Brookhaven Lab Drinking Water Brookhaven produces its own drinking water for all employees, facility-users, guests, residents, and visitors on site at its Water Treatment Facility (WTF). BNL's drinking water is pumped from groundwater by five active wells and processed at the WTF which can handle up to 6 million gallons per day. The "finished" water is sent to the Lab's two storage towers and then distributed around the site via 45 miles of pipeline. To ensure that Brookhaven's water meets all applicable local, state, and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Removing Arsenic from Drinking Water  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

See how INL scientists are using nanotechnology to remove arsenic from drinking water. For more INL research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory

None

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

22

Removing Arsenic from Drinking Water  

SciTech Connect

See how INL scientists are using nanotechnology to remove arsenic from drinking water. For more INL research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Can fracking contaminate drinking water?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tiny cracks link deep shale gas reservoirs to shallow aquifers, but they may not be to blame for reports of contaminated drinking water

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

SciTech Connect

As American drinking water agencies face higher production costs, demand, and energy prices, they seek opportunities to reduce costs without negatively affecting the quality of the water they deliver. This guide describes resources for cost-effectively improving the energy efficiency of U.S. public drinking water facilities. The guide (1) describes areas of opportunity for improving energy efficiency in drinking water facilities; (2) provides detailed descriptions of resources to consult for each area of opportunity; (3) offers supplementary suggestions and information for the area; and (4) presents illustrative case studies, including analysis of cost-effectiveness.

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich; Dunham Whitehead, Camilla; Brown, Rich

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

25

Taps: The Dangers of Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

levels in Taiwan's drinking water. Journal of Toxicology andMagnesium and calcium in drinking water and death from acute31-36. Morris RD. Drinking water and cancer. Environmental

Burgess, Michael

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Well Owner's Guide To Water Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's groundwater and guidelines, including national drinking water standards, to test well water to insure safe drinking water in private wells. National drinking water standards and common methods of home water .....................22 Contaminants in Water........................................23 Drinking Water Guidelines

Fay, Noah

27

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for crops and water for indus- tries. It is also connected to surface waters, and maintains the flow of rivers and streams and the level of wetlands- tion of those along Lake Michigan, most communi- ties, farms and industries still rely on ground water

Saldin, Dilano

28

Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community along the U regarding the quality of municipal drinking water supplies The Arizona Republic. 2007. Thirsty Arizona. Vol of bottled and tap water used by residents in Nogales, AZ according to the EPA primary drinking water

Fay, Noah

29

The Drinking Water Security and Safety Amendments of 2002: Is America's Drinking Water Infrastructure Safer Four Years Later?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Threats to Drinking Water Security . a.The Drinking Water Security and Safety Amendmentsof 2002: Is America's Drinking Water Infrastructure Safer

Shermer, Steven D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Bacterial nutrients in drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...drinking water. Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) is the portion of total organic carbon...aquatic organisms for growth. Often, the AOC constitutes just a fraction (0.1 to 9...the total dissolved organic carbon (9). AOC is measured by using a bioassay first proposed...

M W LeChevallier; W Schulz; R G Lee

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

June 20, 2001 Characterization of Arsenic Occurrence in US Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

June 20, 2001 Characterization of Arsenic Occurrence in US Drinking Water Treatment Facility Source The 1996 amendments to the US Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) mandate revision of current maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) for various harmful substances in public drinking water supplies. The determination

32

ARSENIC IN DRINKINGARSENIC IN DRINKING WATER: HEALTH EFFECTS ANDWATER: HEALTH EFFECTS AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARSENIC IN DRINKINGARSENIC IN DRINKING WATER: HEALTH EFFECTS ANDWATER: HEALTH EFFECTS AND CURRENT;EPA. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Arsenic and Clarification to Compliance and New National Occurrence and Exposure to Arsenic in Public Drinking Water Supplies (Revised Draft). Washington

33

September 3, 1999 Characterization of Arsenic Occurrence in US Drinking Water Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

September 3, 1999 Characterization of Arsenic Occurrence in US Drinking Water Treatment Facility amendments to the US Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) mandate revision of current maxi­ mum contaminant levels (MCLs) for various harmful substances in public drinking water supplies. The determination of a revised

34

Drinking Water Problems: MTBE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methyl tertiary-butyl ether, a gasoline additive commonly known as MTBE, can contaminate ground water and cause health problems for those exposed to it for a long time. However, filtering devices can remove this and other additives from well water...

Dozier, Monty; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

35

Drinking Water Problems: Nitrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Extension Specialist, Rebecca H. Melton, Extension Assistant, Michael F. Hare, Senior Natural Resources Specialist Pesticide Programs Division, Janie Hopkins, Manager Groundwater Monitoring Section, Texas Water Development Board, Bruce J. Lesikar, Professor... and Extension Specialist, Rebecca H. Melton, Extension Assistant, Michael F. Hare, Senior Natural Resources Specialist Pesticide Programs Division, Janie Hopkins, Manager Groundwater Monitoring Section, Texas Water Development Board, Bruce J. Lesikar, Professor...

Dozier, Monty; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2008-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

36

Radioactive isotopes in Danish drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radioactive isotopes in Danish drinking water Sven P. Nielsen Risø National Laboratory Working OF INVESTIGATION 11 3 DESCRIPTION OF INVESTIGATION 12 4 RADIOACTIVITY IN DRINKING WATER 13 5 SAMPLING 15 6 27 #12;4 #12;5 Preface This project for investigation of radioactivity in drinking water shall

37

Public Health Issues Associated with Small Drinking Water Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public Health Issues Associated with Small Drinking Water Systems Not Regulated by the Safe Drinking Water Act From: Nonfederally Regulated Drinking Water Systems: State and Local Public Health ...........................................................................................5 Priority Environmental Public Health Challenges for Small Drinking Water Systems

38

Report seeks solutions for nitrate in drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrate in California’s Drinking Water report http://Clark Report seeks solutions for nitrate in drinking waternitrate contamination of drinking water in high-risk areas

Editors, By

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Assimilable Organic Carbon (AOC) in Drinking Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developments in water treatment The removal in water treatment of microorganisms causing the so-called “water-borne” diseases and the prevention of contamination of drinking water with these orga...

D. van der Kooij

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Arsenic Epidemiology and Drinking Water Standards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...occurrences of arsenic in ground water." Dictionaries and...History, Study and Remediation is an Arsenic Project...also provided. The Ground Water and Drinking Water Division...resource page on arsenic in ground water of the United States...

Allan H. Smith; Peggy A. Lopipero; Michael N. Bates; Craig M. Steinmaus

2002-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Safe Drinking Water Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Act Act Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Safe Drinking Water Act Year 1974 Url SDWA.jpg Description The Safe Drinking Water Act was established to protect the quality of drinking water in the U.S. References SDWA of 1974[1] Federal Oil and Gas[2] The Safe Drinking Water Act was established to protect the quality of drinking water in the U.S. This law focuses on all waters actually or potentially designated for drinking use, whether from above ground or underground sources. The Act authorized EPA to establish safe standards of purity and required all owners or operators of public water systems to comply with primary (health-related) standards. State governments, which assume this power from EPA, also encourage attainment of secondary standards (nuisance-related).

42

Carbon and Water Resource Management for Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the embodied energy in drinking water supply systems: a caselosses to 5% of total drinking water supply for threeResearch Council. Drinking Water Distribution Systems:

Hendrickson, Thomas Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Alternate Water Supply System  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Alternate Water Supply Alternate Water Supply System Flushing Report Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site January 2008 Office of Legacy Management DOE M/1570 2008 - -L Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management U.S. Department of Energy This page intentionally left blank DOE-LM/1570-2008 Alternate Water Supply System Flushing Report Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site January 2008 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado This page intentionally left blank

44

DRINKING WATER TESTING CLINICS Northern Shenandoah Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRINKING WATER TESTING CLINICS Northern Shenandoah Valley JUNE 2013 Does your water come) 828-1120. #12; DRINKING WATER TESTING CLINICS Northern Shenandoah Valley JUNE 2013 County FollowUp Meeting Tuesday, August 6th , 78:30 p.m. Room 101 Page: VCEPage County, 215 West Main

Liskiewicz, Maciej

45

The Sierra Club Guide to Safe Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Club Guide to Safe Drinking Water By Scott Lewis Reviewed byClub Guide to Safe Drinking Water. San Francisco: Sierrawe believed that our public drinking water was healthy and

Fisher, Brad

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

WATER SUPPLY A Handbook on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WATER SUPPLY HANDBOOK A Handbook on Water Supply Planning and Resource Management Institute for Water Resources Water Resources Support Center U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 7701 Telegraph Road Studies Division December 1998 Revised IWR Report 96-PS-4 #12;U.S. Army Institute for Water Resources

US Army Corps of Engineers

47

DRINKING WATER ON EMPTY RINK WATER ON EMPTY STOMACHD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRINKING WATER ON EMPTY STOMACH RINK WATER ON EMPTY STOMACHD It is popular in Japan today to drink water immediately after waking up every morning. Furthermore, scientific tests have proven its value.. We publish below a description of use of water for our readers. For old and serious diseases as well

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

48

Investigation of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) in flemish drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of the study was to investigate the drinking water supplied to majority of residents of Flanders in Belgium. Over 500 water samples were collected from different locations, after particular and complete treatment procedure to evaluate the efficiency of each treatment step in production of biologically stable drinking water. In this study assimilable organic carbon (AOC) was of our interest and was assumed as a parameter responsible for water biostability. The influence of seasons and temperature changes on AOC content was also taken into account. The AOC in most of the non-chlorinated product water of the studied treatment plants could not meet the biostability criteria of 10 ?g/l, resulting in the mean AOC concentration of 50 ?g/l. However, majority of the examined chlorinated water samples were consistent with proposed criteria of 50–100 ?g/l for systems maintaining disinfectant residual. Here, mean AOC concentration of 72 ?g/l was obtained. Granular activated carbon filtration was helpful in diminishing AOC content of drinking water; however, the nutrient removal was enhanced by biological process incorporated into water treatment (biological activated carbon filtration). Disinfection by means of chlorination and ozonation increased the water AOC concentration while the ultraviolet irradiation showed no impact on the AOC content. Examination of seasonal AOC variations showed similar fluctuations in six units with the highest values in summer and lowest in winter.

Monika Polanska; Koen Huysman; Chris van Keer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Drinking Water State Revolving Loan Fund (New Mexico)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Drinking Water State Revolving Loan Fund provides low cost financial assistance to eligible public water systems to finance the cost of repair and replacement of drinking water infrastructure,...

50

CHEMICAL TERRORISM: THREATS TO WATER SUPPLIES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although for practical reasons, terrorist attacks on water systems are considered less likely than on other targets, threats to drinking water cannot be ignored. A...

ALFRED BERNARD; CLAIRE DE BURBURE

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Providing safe drinking water to 1.2 billion unserved people  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KEY WORDS Safe drinking water; ultraviolet waterto ensure access of safe drinking water to all of those inrespectively). Safe Drinking Water for Everyone: A Review

Gadgil, Ashok J.; Derby, Elisabeth A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Potential Effects of Organic Carbon Production on Ecosystems and Drinking Water Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Primary Drinking Water Regulations, disinfectantsand implications for drinking water quality and the Deltaand control in drinking water. American Chemical Society,

Brown, Larry R.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar disinfection of drinking water and diarrhoea in Maasai2001. Solar disinfection of drinking water protects againstdisinfection of drinking water contained in transparent

Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Arsenic-Free, Safe Drinking Water in Bangladesh. ” Worldburden from arsenic in drinking water in Bangladesh. ”Remediation of Bangladesh Drinking Water using Iron-oxide

Mathieu, Johanna L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh:Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Maytechnologies for drinking water treatment. Rev. Environ.

MATHIEU, JOHANNA L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

31, 2010. ) U.S. DOE Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (3, 2010. ) Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance, ElectricEPRI. 1997. Quality Energy Efficiency Retrofits for Water

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Drinking Water Gary S. Silverman, Bowling Green State University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Gary S. Silverman, Bowling Green State University Key Concepts Preventing water, the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 has resulted in a comprehensive system of federal and state controls officials. Recent events suggest that although our drinking water usually is safe, serious problems may

58

Lead in Your Drinking Water Lead (Pb) is an extremely toxic heavy metal that unfortunately occurs widely in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lead in Your Drinking Water Lead (Pb) is an extremely toxic heavy metal that unfortunately occurs of metallic lead in the soil (4) Drinking water ­ water as it leaves the treatment plant has no lead;Common metals used for the supply pipe are lead, copper and galvanized iron. Also in the system

Maynard, J. Barry

59

Management of Services Quality as a Tool to Increase Water Supply Companies’ Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The proof of necessity to control and manage service quality as a main factor for water supply enterprise efficiency increase is given in the article. Drinking water quality is reasoned to be a utility ... with a...

Olga Krakashova Dr.; Anna Pelevina Dr.; Vladimir Yaroslavtsev

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Current and Long-Term Effects of Delta Water Quality on Drinking Water Treatment Costs from Disinfection Byproduct Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for protecting public drinking water (CALFED 2000), are alsobest management options for drinking water sourced from theDelta Authority. 2004. Drinking water quality program multi-

Chen, Wei-Hsiang; Haunschild, Kristine; Lund, Jay R.; Fleenor, William E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Arsenic in drinking water Increases mortality from cardiovascular disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arsenic in drinking water Increases mortality from cardiovascular disease Allan H Smith professor of inorganic arsenic in drinking water causes cancer of the skin, bladder, lung, liver, and kidney.1 2 Mounting of a link between cardiovascular disease and arsenic in drinking water came in 1980 from Antofagasta, Chile

California at Berkeley, University of

62

Regional Drinking Water Security District Level Pilot Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional Drinking Water Security District Level Pilot Project Concept Note Milind Sohoni Head that most habitations of several talukas will face drinking water stress for much of the coming year. The central objective of the project will be to ensure regional drinking water security for a district

Sohoni, Milind

63

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Perchlorate in Drinking Water During Pregnancy and Neonatal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Perchlorate in Drinking Water During Pregnancy and Neonatal Thyroid Hormone Levels associations between maternal drinking water per- chlorate exposure during pregnancy and newborn thyroid in the United States may have been drinking water with perchlorate concentrations greater than 4 g/L,4 a level

California at Berkeley, University of

64

Cleaning Membranes with Focused Ultrasound Beams for Drinking Water Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cleaning Membranes with Focused Ultrasound Beams for Drinking Water Treatment Jian-yu Lu1 , Xi Du2 micro pollutants such as harmful organics and cannot meet the demand for high-quality drinking water. Membrane technologies are known to produce drinking water of the highest quality. However, membrane fouling

Lu, Jian-yu

65

Toxicology 198 (2004) 3944 Arsenic drinking water regulations in developing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toxicology 198 (2004) 39­44 Arsenic drinking water regulations in developing countries identified 10 g/l as a goal which later became the World Health Organization Guideline for drinking water in 1992. Epidemiological studies have shown that about one in 10 people drinking water containing 500 g

California at Berkeley, University of

66

Mineral balances, including in drinking water, estimated for Merced County dairy herds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of daily mineral intake, drinking-water mineral contributionND Total daily intake, including minerals in drinking water.mineral contents in drinking water and daily drinking-water

Castillo, Alejandro R Dr.; Santos, Jose Eduardo P.; Tabone, Tom J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Colorado Division of Water Resources Substitute Water Supply...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Substitute Water Supply Plans Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Colorado Division of Water Resources Substitute Water Supply...

68

Planning Drinking Water for Airplanes Marco Bijvank, Menno Dobber,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning Drinking Water for Airplanes Marco Bijvank, Menno Dobber, Maarten Soomer, Vrije estimation, cubic spline, maximum likelihood 1 Introduction During flights people use drinking water of water on board of all flights to fulfill customer's demand. On the other hand, the surplus of water

Hofstad, Remco van der

69

USE ONLY WATER THAT HAS BEEN PROPERLY DISINFECTED FOR DRINKING, COOKING, MAKING ANY PREPARED DRINK, OR FOR BRUSHING TEETH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USE ONLY WATER THAT HAS BEEN PROPERLY DISINFECTED FOR DRINKING, COOKING, MAKING ANY PREPARED DRINK. (U.S. federal agencies and the Red Cross recommend these same four steps to disinfect drinking water OF DRINKING WATER More information about disinfection In times of crisis, follow advice from local officials

Tullos, Desiree

70

Most terrestrial vertebrates are able to replace water lost to the environment by drinking water. In amniotes, drinking is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the efficiency of water transport, such as volume per kinematic cycle) may be randomly variable with littleMost terrestrial vertebrates are able to replace water lost to the environment by drinking water, not drinking, because water, unlike food, is physically uniform (at least between 1 and 99 °C). Modifications

Behe, Michael J.

71

Water supply and sludge metals  

SciTech Connect

Ultimate sludge disposal is one of the major tasks facing wastewater treatment facilities today. Where adequate farmland exists in proximity to the treatment facility and where sludge characteristics are suitable, land application is often the most economical method. In some cases, however, metal concentrations in the sludge either limit the site life or the application rate to the point where land application is not economical. When metals are above regulatory limits, land application may become impossible. The origin of the metals has largely been credited to industrial users and stormwater runoff and have, in fact, often represented significant sources of metals. Another potentially significant source of metals that has been frequently overlooked is the water supply system (including the distribution and home piping systems). Data from some treatment facilities suggest that the water supply system is the major source of metals and is the reason that sewage sludge metal levels are above allowable land application limits.

Brown, W.E. (Wright-Pierce Engineers, Topsham, ME (USA))

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Emergency Food and Water Supplies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E-11 5-99 Emergency Food and Water Supplies Peggy Van Laanen* Cleaning and Sanitizing Equipment After Any Disaster Emergency Food Preparation Equipment Needs Assembling an Emergency... sealed, airtight metal lids, are safe to use after being thoroughly cleaned and sanitized. All cans, free of rust or dents, must be washed and sanitized before they are opened. Wash containers in a detergent solution using a scrub brush. Rinse...

Van Laanen, Peggy

1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

73

From: "Cheryl Beecroft" Subject: Drinking Water Results-ITB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From: "Cheryl Beecroft" Subject: Drinking Water Results-ITB Date: Fri, 1 Oct samples collected at ITB. The results were below the allowable level of 10ug/L for lead in drinking water 2010 15:54:56 -0400 To: Please see the table below for lead content in water

Thompson, Michael

74

Water supply and demand in an energy supply model  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a tool for water and energy-related policy analysis, the development of a water supply and demand sector in a linear programming model of energy supply in the United States. The model allows adjustments in the input mix and plant siting in response to water scarcity. Thus, on the demand side energy conversion facilities can substitute more costly dry cooling systems for conventional evaporative systems. On the supply side groundwater and water purchased from irrigators are available as more costly alternatives to unappropriated surface water. Water supply data is developed for 30 regions in 10 Western states. Preliminary results for a 1990 energy demand scenario suggest that, at this level of spatial analysis, water availability plays a minor role in plant siting. Future policy applications of the modeling system are discussed including the evaluation of alternative patterns of synthetic fuels development.

Abbey, D; Loose, V

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Long-Term Succession of Structure and Diversity of a Biofilm Formed in a Model Drinking Water Distribution System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formation in a model drinking water distribution system. J.and activity in drinking water distribution networks underbacterial species from drinking water biofilms and proof of

Martiny, A. C; Jorgensen, T. M; Albrechtsen, H.-J.; Arvin, E.; Molin, S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2011 ) Natural gas: Should fracking stop? Nature 477 ( 7364 ): 271...13 Boyer EW ( 2012 ) The Impact of Marcellus Gas Drilling on Rural Drinking Water Supplies...the Nicholas School of the Environment and Center on Global Change...derived from depositional environments that ranged from proposed...

Robert B. Jackson; Avner Vengosh; Thomas H. Darrah; Nathaniel R. Warner; Adrian Down; Robert J. Poreda; Stephen G. Osborn; Kaiguang Zhao; Jonathan D. Karr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Sampler on Rural Drinking Water Research Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (CTARA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

strengthening was not undertaken in most projects. 1 #12;· North Karjat rural regional scheme: Feasibility Study, 2010. This study focused on the feasibility of a rural regional scheme supplying drinking water and presented their demand to MJP. · Anjap-Sugave Multi-village scheme analysis, 2011. This study focused

Sohoni, Milind

78

Drinking water treatment and distribution systems must comply with US EPA water quality regula-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking water treatment and distribution systems must comply with US EPA water quality regula trihalomethanes (THMs). Drinking water providers do frequent, costly testing for THMs. Field real-time sensors PROJECT GOALS The goal of this project was to bring a team of experts in drinking water, polymers

Fay, Noah

79

Reassessing Radon in Drinking Water: Searching for Perspective on Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reassessing Radon in Drinking Water: Searching for Perspective on Radiation Reassessing Radon in Drinking Water: Searching for Perspective on Radiation Risks Speaker(s): Richard Sextro Date: October 27, 1998 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Although most of the exposures to radon and its radioactive decay products arise from indoor airborne radon originating in the soil adjacent to buildings, some contact with radon can occur due to its presence in drinking water. The exposures and health risks associated with radon dissolved in drinking water are typically much smaller, although the magnitude of the exposures and risks have been uncertain and the subject of some controversy. The 1996 Amendments to the (U.S.) Safe Drinking Water Act required the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to contract with the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to re-evaluate the risks associated with

80

Effect of turbidity on chlorination efficiency and bacterial persistence in drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...turbidities and the efficiency of chlorination in drinking water, experiments were...turbidities and the efficiency of chlorination in drinking water, experiments were...impacts drinking water quality. Disinfection efficiency, hence, efficacy...

M W LeChevallier; T M Evans; R J Seidler

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF Fe IN DRINKING WATER Background Reading: Harris, 7th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF Fe IN DRINKING WATER Background Reading: Harris, 7th ed., Chap contaminants in drinking water can be determined spectrophotometrically, including iron. Although iron the iron content of drinking water to

Weston, Ken

82

Arsenic exposure from drinking water and mortality from cardiovascular disease in Bangladesh: prospective cohort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH Arsenic exposure from drinking water and mortality from cardiovascular disease the association. Design Prospective cohort study with arsenic exposure measured in drinking water from wells was 214.3 per 100 000 person years in people drinking water containing

van Geen, Alexander

83

Application of Artificially Immobilized Microorganisms to Nitrate Removal from Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Nitrate Removal from Drinking Water By Sean X. Liu andFor biological treatment of drinking water, several crucialalginate gel beads to drinking water treatment has proved to

Liu, Sean X; Hermanowicz, Slawomir W

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Aluminum and copper in drinking water enhance inflammatory oroxidative events specifically in the brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T. , 1999. Copper in drinking water, Nebraska, 1994. Int. J.to aluminum in drinking water increases inflammatoryH.E. , Kappel, S. , 1984. Drinking-water-induced copper

Bondy, Stephen Bondy C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Public water supply and distribution at the FEMP  

SciTech Connect

On February 17th, 1996, the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP), a former Department of Energy uranium processing facility near the rural town of Fernald, Ohio, became a ``user`` instead of a ``producer``, of potable water by tying into the Cincinnati Water Works new Public Water Supply System. This satisfied the future site needs of potable water and nullified the need to follow the sampling requirements set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Safe Drinking Water Act for potable water producers. This transformation into a customer also reduced the long water transmission time from the Cincinnati Water Works station to the small community that would have occurred without a large user such as the FEMP being on line.

Neary, C.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Taste and Odor Problems in Clinton Lake Reservoir's Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taste and Odor Problems in Clinton Lake Reservoir's Drinking Water Diana L. Restrepo-Osorio (McNair Scholar) Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, INTRODUCTION Water is a requirement for human health and welfare; however..., an exceedingly large number of people around the world lack reliable sources of drinking water 1 . According to the World Health Organization, approximately 3.5 million people die every year, generally in developing countries, from diseases linked to poor...

Restrepo-Osorio, Dianna L.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Arsenic in public water supplies and cardiovascular mortality in Spain  

SciTech Connect

Background: High-chronic arsenic exposure in drinking water is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. At low-chronic levels, as those present in Spain, evidence is scarce. In this ecological study, we evaluated the association of municipal drinking water arsenic concentrations during the period 1998-2002 with cardiovascular mortality in the population of Spain. Methods: Arsenic concentrations in drinking water were available for 1721 municipalities, covering 24.8 million people. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for cardiovascular (361,750 deaths), coronary (113,000 deaths), and cerebrovascular (103,590 deaths) disease were analyzed for the period 1999-2003. Two-level hierarchical Poisson models were used to evaluate the association of municipal drinking water arsenic concentrations with mortality adjusting for social determinants, cardiovascular risk factors, diet, and water characteristics at municipal or provincial level in 651 municipalities (200,376 cardiovascular deaths) with complete covariate information. Results: Mean municipal drinking water arsenic concentrations ranged from <1 to 118 {mu}g/L. Compared to the overall Spanish population, sex- and age-adjusted mortality rates for cardiovascular (SMR 1.10), coronary (SMR 1.18), and cerebrovascular (SMR 1.04) disease were increased in municipalities with arsenic concentrations in drinking water >10 {mu}g/L. Compared to municipalities with arsenic concentrations <1 {mu}g/L, fully adjusted cardiovascular mortality rates were increased by 2.2% (-0.9% to 5.5%) and 2.6% (-2.0% to 7.5%) in municipalities with arsenic concentrations between 1-10 and>10 {mu}g/L, respectively (P-value for trend 0.032). The corresponding figures were 5.2% (0.8% to 9.8%) and 1.5% (-4.5% to 7.9%) for coronary heart disease mortality, and 0.3% (-4.1% to 4.9%) and 1.7% (-4.9% to 8.8%) for cerebrovascular disease mortality. Conclusions: In this ecological study, elevated low-to-moderate arsenic concentrations in drinking water were associated with increased cardiovascular mortality at the municipal level. Prospective cohort studies with individual measures of arsenic exposure, standardized cardiovascular outcomes, and adequate adjustment for confounders are needed to confirm these ecological findings. Our study, however, reinforces the need to implement arsenic remediation treatments in water supply systems above the World Health Organization safety standard of 10 {mu}g/L.

Medrano, Ma Jose, E-mail: pmedrano@isciii.es [Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Sinesio Delgado 6, 28029 Madrid (Spain); Boix, Raquel; Pastor-Barriuso, Roberto [Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Sinesio Delgado 6, 28029 Madrid (Spain)] [Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Sinesio Delgado 6, 28029 Madrid (Spain); Palau, Margarita [Subdireccion General de Sanidad Ambiental y Salud Laboral, Direccion General de Salud Publica y Sanidad Exterior, Ministerio de Sanidad y Politica Social, Madrid (Spain)] [Subdireccion General de Sanidad Ambiental y Salud Laboral, Direccion General de Salud Publica y Sanidad Exterior, Ministerio de Sanidad y Politica Social, Madrid (Spain); Damian, Javier [Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Sinesio Delgado 6, 28029 Madrid (Spain)] [Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Sinesio Delgado 6, 28029 Madrid (Spain); Ramis, Rebeca [Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Sinesio Delgado 6, 28029 Madrid (Spain) [Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Sinesio Delgado 6, 28029 Madrid (Spain); CIBER en Epidemiologia y Salud Publica (CIBERESP), Madrid (Spain); Barrio, Jose Luis del [Departamento de Salud Publica, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid (Spain)] [Departamento de Salud Publica, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid (Spain); Navas-Acien, Ana [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD (United States) [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD (United States); Department of Epidemiology, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

Iodine in Drinking Waters, Vegetables, Cottonseed Meal, and Roughages.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIBRARY, A & M COLLEGE, G. S. FRAPS and J. F. FUDGE Division of Chemistry TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR, College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 595 NOVEMBER 1940 -- IODINE IN DRINKING WATERS, VEGETABLES..., COTTONSEED MEAL, AND ROUGEIAGES ! .I rq?,\\?Y - AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President A96-1140-7M-LJ.80 5 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Iodine was determined in nearly 500 samples of city and rural drinking waters...

Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin); Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

CLIMATE CHANGE AND WATER SUPPLY SECURITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLIMATE CHANGE AND WATER SUPPLY SECURITY: Reconfiguring Groundwater Management to Reduce with climate change, present a significant planning challenge for California's water agencies. This research Drought Vulnerability A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate

90

Filtration plant for drinking water James Tarchala [1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Filtration plant for drinking water James Tarchala [1] Alexandre Selhorst [2] Cheny Thao [3] 1 2 3 Riley, Wang, Aaron Nolan (Not Pictured) 12/1/2014 #12;Reclaiming waste HEAT TO PRE- HEAT WATER IN a FACTORY HOT WATER SYSTEM Group 5: Joseph Von Arx(1) Aaron McKeown(2) Kyle Swanson(3) Ian Klecka(4) 1 2 3 4

Kostic, Milivoje M.

91

For Immediate Release --Monday, March 18, 2013 From Glaciers to drinking water: University of Lethbridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to drinking water: University of Lethbridge Water Resource Experts Available on World about the water we drink) - Does pollution affect a fish Water Day, Friday, Mar. 22 - Where have all the glaciers

Seldin, Jonathan P.

92

Disinfection Procedure for Water Distribution Pipelines Drinking water contamination can be prevented by hydrostatic testing and disinfection of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disinfection Procedure for Water Distribution Pipelines Drinking water contamination can pipeline connections to the system, and respond to requests for drinking water assessments. And, any be prevented by hydrostatic testing and disinfection of potable water distribution pipelines before connecting

de Lijser, Peter

93

Naturally Occurring Alpha-Activity of Drinking Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... whether the observed values applied to radium-226 or also included gaseous products such as radon-222, known to exist in certain waters at considerably higher levels of activity than ... of 71 drinking waters available in Britain, and in addition we report the values for radon-222 and radium-224 (thorium X) when present.

R. C. TURNER; J. M. RADLEY; W. V. MAYNEORD

1961-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

94

Disinfection of drinking water by using a novel electrochemical reactor employing carbon-cloth electrodes.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reactor for clean and efficient water purification. Disinfection of drinking...reactor for clean and efficient water purification. | Department of Biotechnology...reactor for clean and efficient water purification. Disinfection of drinking...

T Matsunaga; S Nakasono; T Takamuku; J G Burgess; N Nakamura; K Sode

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Water on Earth Source % of Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Water on Earth Source % of Supply Oceans 97.08 Ice Sheets and Glaciers 1.99 Ground Water 0.62 Atmosphere 0.29 Lakes (Fresh) 0.01 Inland Seas / Salt Water Lakes 0.005 Soil Moisture 0.004 Rivers 0.001 Water · Water is the solvent, the medium and the participant in most of the chemical reactions occurring

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

96

CHARACTERISATION OF AGED HDPE PIPES FROM DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION: INVESTIGATION OF CRACK DEPTH BY NOL RING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARACTERISATION OF AGED HDPE PIPES FROM DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION: INVESTIGATION OF CRACK DEPTH are used for the transport of drinking water. However, disinfectants in water seem to have a strong impact for the distribution of drinking water. HDPE pipes are exposed to an internal pressure due to water flow. Furthermore

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

97

Analysis of drinking water for the detection of trihalomethanes  

SciTech Connect

Drinking water of the Dammam metropolitan area is a blend of raw well water and desalinated water obtained from the Al-Azizia seawater desalination plant. Chlorination is the only disinfection method applied to the blended water before the water is pumped into the distribution system. Chlorination of water containing organic compounds results in the formation of trihalomethanes. In general, the known carcinogenic and physiological effects of THMs other than chloroform are limited. However, based on their structural similarity to chloroform, these compounds can be considered health hazards. The present study was carried out in order to determine the extent of the occurrence of THMs in finished drinking water in some of the major cities of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.

Fayad, N.M.; Iqbal S.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

The effects of wavelength, metals, and reactive oxygen species on the sunlight inactivation of microorganisms: observations and applications to the solar disinfection of drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Disinfection of Drinking Water and Oral Rehydrationof Boiling to Disinfect Drinking Water in Rural Vietnam.Solar disinfection of drinking water and diarrhoea in Maasai

Fisher, Michael Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Minerals leached into drinking water from rubber stoppers  

SciTech Connect

Drinking water and its delivery system are potential sources of variation in animal research. Concern arose that rubber stoppers used to cork water bottles might be a source of some nutritionally required minerals which could leach into drinking water. Six types of stoppers, each having different compositions, were cleaned with stainless-steel sipper tubes inserted into them and attached to polypropylene bottles filled with either deionized water (pH 4.5) or acidified-deionized water (pH 2.5). After six days of contact, water levels of copper, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc, chromium, and selenium were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Additionally, three of the stopper types were analyzed for mineral content. Minerals were present in both stoppers and drinking water. Acidified-deionized water generally leached minerals from the stoppers than did deionized water. The black stopper which is commonly used in animal facilities contained and leached measurable levels of some minerals, but it still can be recommended for typical animal husbandry uses, although other types of stoppers would be more suitable for specific nutritional and toxicologic studies.

Kennedy, B.W.; Beal, T.S. (Carbohydrate Nutrition Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, MD (United States))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Contamination levels of human pharmaceutical compounds in French surface and drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-west France. 98 samples were analysed from 63 stations (surface water and drinking water produced from surfaceContamination levels of human pharmaceutical compounds in French surface and drinking water S therapeutic classes was analysed from resource and drinking water in two catchment basins located in north

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Detection of Heavy Metal Ions in Drinking Water Using a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and clinical toxicology. A number of techniques have been developed over the years for heavy metal ion analysisDetection of Heavy Metal Ions in Drinking Water Using a High-Resolution Differential Surface-resolution differential surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor for heavy metal ion detection. The sensor surface

Chen, Wilfred

102

Private Drinking Water Wells as a Source of Exposure to Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) in Communities Surrounding a Fluoropolymer Production Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PFOA was detected in public drinking water. The settlementPFOA, or C8) into drinking water. Funds were administered byExposure to PFOA via drinking water Previous studies showed

Hoffman, Kate; Webster, Thomas F; Bartell, Scott M; Weisskopf, Marc G; Fletcher, Tony; Vieira, Veronica M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Private drinking water wells as a source of exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in communities surrounding a fluoropolymer production facility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PFOA was detected in public drinking water. The settlementPFOA, or C8) into drinking water. Funds were administered byExposure to PFOA via drinking water Previous studies showed

Hoffman, Kate; Webster, Thomas F; Bartell, Scott M; Weisskopf, Marc G; Fletcher, Tony; Vieira, Verónica M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

The waters of Southeastern Wisconsin are vast but vulnerable. We depend on our waters for drinking water, irrigation, industry, transportation,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The waters of Southeastern Wisconsin are vast but vulnerable. We depend on our waters for drinking for drinking water is rising in the United States and around the world due to population growth. At the same water, irrigation, industry, transportation, power production, recreation and scenic beauty

Saldin, Dilano

105

Reverse osmosis treatment to remove inorganic contaminants from drinking water  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the research project was to determine the removal of inorganic contaminants from drinking water using several state-of-the-art reverse osmosis membrane elements. A small 5-KGPD reverse osmosis system was utilized and five different membrane elements were studied individually with the specific inorganic contaminants added to several natural Florida ground waters. Removal data were also collected on naturally occurring substances.

Huxstep, M.R.; Sorg, T.J.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Decontamination Options for Drinking Water Contaminated with Bacillus anthracis Spores  

SciTech Connect

Five parameters were evaluated with surrogates of Bacillus anthracis spores to determine effective decontamination options for use in a contaminated drinking water supply. The parameters were: (1) type of Bacillus spore surrogate (B. thuringiensis or B. atrophaeus); (2) spore concentration in suspension (10{sup 2} to 10{sup 6} spores/ml); (3) chemical characteristics of decontaminant [sodium dicholor-s-triazinetrione dihydrate (Dichlor), hydrogen peroxide, potassium peroxymonosulfate (Oxone), sodium hypochlorite, and VirkonS{reg_sign}]; (4) decontaminant concentration (0.01% to 5%); and (5) decontaminant exposure time (10 min to 24 hr). Results from 162 suspension tests with appropriate controls are reported. Hydrogen peroxide at a concentration of 5%, and Dichlor and sodium hypochlorite at a concentration of 2%, were effective at spore inactivation regardless of spore type tested, spore exposure time, or spore concentration evaluated. This is the first reported study of Dichlor as an effective decontaminant for B. anthracis spore surrogates. Dichlor's desirable characteristics of high oxidation potential, high level of free chlorine, and more neutral pH than that of other oxidizers evaluated appear to make it an excellent alternative. All three oxidizers were effective against B. atrophaeus spores in meeting EPA's biocide standard of greater than a 6 log kill after a 10-minute exposure time and at lower concentrations than typically reported for biocide use. Solutions of 5% VirkonS{reg_sign} and Oxone were less effective decontaminants than other options evaluated in this study and did not meet the EPA's efficacy standard for biocides. Differences in methods and procedures reported by other investigators make quantitative comparisons among studies difficult.

Raber, E; Burklund, A

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

107

Drinking Water Problems: Iron and Manganese  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iron and manganese can give water an unpleasant taste, odor and color. In this publication you'll learn how to know whether your water contains iron or manganese and how to eliminate these contaminants with various treatment methods such as aeration...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

108

Nitrate removal from drinking water -- Review  

SciTech Connect

Nitrate concentrations in surface water and especially in ground water have increased in Canada, the US, Europe, and other areas of the world. This trend has raised concern because nitrates cause methemoglobiinemia in infants. Several treatment processes including ion exchange, biological denitrification, chemical denitrification, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, and catalytic denitrification can remove nitrates from water with varying degrees of efficiency, cost, and ease of operation. Available technical data, experience, and economics indicate that ion exchange and biological denitrification are more acceptable for nitrate removal than reverse osmosis. Ion exchange is more viable for ground water while biological denitrification is the preferred alternative for surface water. This paper reviews the developments in the field of nitrate removal processes.

Kapoor, A.; Viraraghavan, T. [Univ. of Regina, Saskatchewan (Canada)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

ATSDR MEDIA ANNOUNCEMENT Federal Health Agency Completes Analyses of Tarawa Terrace Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1957 through February 1987, received drinking water contaminated with tetrachloroethylene (PCE of 5 micrograms per liter; the maximum concentration of PCE in the Tarawa Terrace drinking water the levels of PCE and PCE degradation by-products in the drinking water serving their homes in Tarawa Terrace

Jacobs, Laurence J.

110

Associations Between Drinking Water and Urinary Arsenic Levels and Skin Lesions in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Associations Between Drinking Water and Urinary Arsenic Levels and Skin Lesions in Bangladesh Graziano, PhD The present study examined the associations between drinking water and urinary arsenic levels currently drinking water containing concentrations of arsenic 50 g/L. The risk for skin lesions in relation

van Geen, Alexander

111

Arsenic in Drinking Water and Skin Lesions: Dose-Response Data from West Bengal, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arsenic in Drinking Water and Skin Lesions: Dose-Response Data from West Bengal, India Reina Haque the dose-re- sponse relation between low arsenic concentrations in drinking water and arsenic-induced skin peak arsenic concentration in drinking water was 325 g/liter for cases and 180 g/liter for controls

California at Berkeley, University of

112

Drinking Water as Route of Exposure to Microcystins in Great Lakes Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water as Route of Exposure to Microcystins in Great Lakes Communities Primary Investigator Erie is a source of drinking water for many communities and may also be a source of algal toxins drinking water. While there are state regulatory standards for factors like turbidity and fecal coliforms

113

Bishop's University "Think Global, Drink Local" Bottled Water Free Implementation Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bishop's University "Think Global, Drink Local" Bottled Water Free Implementation Plan 1 Table.......................................................................................Page 8 #12;Bishop's University "Think Global, Drink Local" Bottled Water Free Implementation Plan 2 Introduction: The "Think Global, Drink Local" Bottled Water Free Campaign, a student run initiative, has been

114

Original Contribution Arsenic Exposure from Drinking Water and Risk of Premalignant Skin Lesions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original Contribution Arsenic Exposure from Drinking Water and Risk of Premalignant Skin Lesions, 2006. Millions of persons around the world are exposed to low doses of arsenic through drinking water from drinking water over a significant period of time. The authors evaluated dose-response relations

van Geen, Alexander

115

Sector reform impact on rural drinking water schemes -A case study from Raigad district in Maharashtra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- Sector reform impact on rural drinking water schemes - A case study from Raigad district of Technology, Bombay Abstract: This paper analyses the ground level impact of the national rural drinking water policy in Maharashtra. We observe that compared to what is reflected in the national rural drinking water

Sohoni, Milind

116

Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements Mary Tiemann c11173008 . #12;Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements Congressional Research Service Summary This report summarizes the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its major

Firestone, Jeremy

117

Increased Childhood Liver Cancer Mortality and Arsenic in Drinking Water in Northern Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increased Childhood Liver Cancer Mortality and Arsenic in Drinking Water in Northern Chile Jane, California Environmental Protection Agency, Oakland, California Abstract Arsenic in drinking water of elevated arsenic levels in drinking water, in particular from 1958 to 1970. This unique exposure scenario

California at Berkeley, University of

118

Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency Allan H. Smith the history of the discovery of arsenic in drinking-water in Bangladesh and recommends intervention strategies in groundwater indicate that 1 in 10 people who drink water containing 500 mg of arsenic per litre may ultimately

California at Berkeley, University of

119

Decrements in Lung Function Related to Arsenic in Drinking Water in West Bengal, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decrements in Lung Function Related to Arsenic in Drinking Water in West Bengal, India Ondine S­2000, the authors investigated relations between lung function, respiratory symptoms, and arsenic in drinking water. Worldwide, populations have been identified that con- sume drinking water with arsenic concentrations above

California at Berkeley, University of

120

Multiple regression models: A methodology for evaluating trihalomethane concentrations in drinking water from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

September 2001; accepted 28 January 2002 Abstract The presence of trihalomethanes (THMs) in drinking water in finished drinking water, using data from the Menidi Treatment Plant of Athens. A number of routinely Science Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Multiple regression model; Trihalomethanes; Drinking water

Arhonditsis, George B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Drinking Water Systems, Hydrology, and Childhood GastrointestinalIllnessinCentralandNorthernWisconsin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Systems, Hydrology, and Childhood Gastrointestinal, MD, and Jonathan A. Patz, MD Contaminated drinking water is responsible for a widespread disease gastrointestinal illness (GI) attributable to drinking water in the range of 2 to 19 million cases per year.2

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

122

Improvement of Drinking Water Quality in Developing Countries: Microbial and Geogenic Contamination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improvement of Drinking Water Quality in Developing Countries: Microbial and Geogenic Contamination for chemical and micro- biological treatment of drinking water at the household scale. The course will cover in developing and emerging coun- tries, who wish to learn more about household drinking water quality

Wehrli, Bernhard

123

Aluminium in drinking water and cognitive decline in elderly subjects: the Paquid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Aluminium in drinking water and cognitive decline in elderly subjects: the Paquid cohort.Rondeau@isped.u-bordeaux2.fr Key words: Cognitive decline, aluminium, silica, drinking water Word count : 954 inserm recently reported a significant association between the concentration of aluminium in drinking water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

124

Perfluoroalkyl Acids in Drinking Water: Sources, Fate and Removal C. Eschauzier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perfluoroalkyl Acids in Drinking Water: Sources, Fate and Removal C. Eschauzier #12;Resumé thesis for the production of drinking water, if PFAAs are present in the groundwater they will most certainly pass through the treatment. More monitoring of groundwater abstraction areas is therefore recommended for the drinking water

van Rooij, Robert

125

The water concept in the self-sufficient house Drinking rainwater and reusing wastewater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The water concept in the self-sufficient house Drinking rainwater and reusing wastewater Decentralized systems for drinking water processing could make a significant contribution to the Millennium the chance to do just that. Lack of drinking water hygiene is one of the main sources of disease transmission

Wehrli, Bernhard

126

Study on radon and radium concentrations in drinking water in west region of Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most important characterizations of social health is existence the availability of safe drinking water. Since one of the sources of water contamination is nuclear contamination from radon gas, so in this research radon 222 concentration levels in water supplies in the Toyserkan (a region located in the west of Iran) is investigated. For measuring radon gas in water wells and springs Lucas chamber method is used. Review the results of these measurements that taken from 15th place show that, only five sites have radon concentrations above the limit dose. To reduce radon concentration, it is better to keep water in open pools in contact with air before the water is delivered to users.

Forozani, Ghasem

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Introduction Global demand for drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(+/- 14) Median household income between $60,000 and $80,000. "Somewhat Liberal" political views 82% white 12% Hispanic 43% male 35% live outside inner city 21% state immigrants 38% positive water quality 40

Hall, Sharon J.

128

Analysis and removal of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) from treated drinking water using a biological activated carbon filter system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study is focused on reducing the concentration of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) in treated drinking water. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficiency of AOC removal by biological activated carbon filters (BACF) in a pilot-scale system. The results show that BACF reduces the total concentration of AOC. The concentration of AOC primarily indicates microorganism growth in a water supply network, and the amount of AOC in water is significantly reduced after BACF treatment. The predicted and measured values of AOC in output water treated by the BACF system show linear relationships, and their correlation coefficients are high. An AOC empirical equation was established by determining the relationship between water quality parameters such as total organic carbon, dissolved organic carbon, UV254, ammonia nitrogen, and total phosphorous. These findings may be relevant to conventional water treatment plants or to water distribution systems to provide treated drinking water with a high level of biological stability.

Jie-Chung Lou; Chih-Yuan Yang; Che-Jung Chang; Wei-Hsiang Chen; Wei-Bin Tseng; Jia-Yun Han

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Arsenic in your water?: Economists study perceptions of risks from drinking water high in arsenic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arsenic in water?your tx H2O | pg. 27 Story by Kathy Wythe Economists study perceptions of risks from drinking water high in arsenic In several ?hot spots? across the United States people may be drinking water with high levels of naturally... occurring arsenic without understanding the associated risks, according to agricultural economists. ?Many households in arsenic ?hot spots? are in fact being exposed to harmful doses of arsenic,? said Dr. Douglass Shaw, professor of agricultural...

Wythe, Kathy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Risks and responses to universal drinking water security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria and Tanzania with an investment of over 400 million...their LIFELINK system, which uses solar panels to pump groundwater to a raised...implementation of rural water supplies in Tanzania. Uppsala, Sweden: Scandinavian...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

2012 Edition of the Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories (EPA 822-S-12-001)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Edition of the Drinking Edition of the Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories 2012 Edition of the Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories EPA 822-S-12-001 Office of Water U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, DC Spring 2012 Date of update: April, 2012 Recycled/Recyclable Printed on paper that contains at least 50% recycled fiber. Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories Spring 2012 Page iii of vi iii The Health Advisory (HA) Program, sponsored by the EPA's Office of Water (OW), publishes concentrations of drinking water contaminants at Drinking Water Specific Risk Level Concentration for cancer (10 -4 Cancer Risk) and concentrations of drinking water contaminants at which noncancer adverse health effects are not anticipated to occur over specific exposure

132

Identification of Bacteria in Biofilm and Bulk Water Samples from a Nonchlorinated Model Drinking Water Distribution System: Detection of a Large Nitrite-Oxidizing Population Associated with Nitrospira spp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formation in a model drinking water distribution system. J.and activity in drinking water distribution networks underbacterial species from drinking water biofilms and proof of

Martiny, A. C; Albrechtsen, H.-J.; Arvin, E.; Molin, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

GRR/Section 6-UT-c - Drinking Water Permit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-UT-c - Drinking Water Permit 6-UT-c - Drinking Water Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 6-UT-c - Drinking Water Permit 06UTCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Utah Department of Environmental Quality Regulations & Policies R309-100 Administration: Drinking Water Program Utah Water Well Rules R655-4 Safe Drinking Water Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 06UTCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Public water systems are responsible for drinking water infastructure,

134

Author's personal copy Reply to the comment ``Bottled drinking water: Water contamination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Reply Reply to the comment ``Bottled drinking water: Water contamination glass is not a likely physical process to cause the concentra- tion differences found for the same water with the bottle walls or be due to the formation and dissolution of colloids in the water during storage

Filzmoser, Peter

135

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results & Policy Implications Title Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results & Policy Implications Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2009 Authors Mathieu, Johanna L., Ashok J. Gadgil, Kristin Kowolik, and Susan E. Addy Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate-bottom ash from coal fired power plants-is a waste material readily available in South Asia. In comparison to similar technologies, ARUBA uses less media for arsenic removal due to its high surface area to volume ratio. Hence, less waste is produced. A number of experiments were conducted in Bangladesh to determine the effectiveness of various water treatment protocols. It was found that (1) ARUBA removes more thanhalf of the arsenic from water within five minutes of treatment, (2) ARUBA, that has settled at the bottom of a treatment vessel, continues to remove arsenic for 2-3 days, (3) ARUBA's arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through sequential partial dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once), and (4) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic levels ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well. Our findings imply a number of tradeoffs between ARUBA's effective arsenic removal capacity, treatment system costs, and waste output. These tradeoffs, some a function of arsenic-related policies in Bangladesh (e.g., waste disposal regulations), must be considered when designing anarsenic removal system. We propose that the most attractive option is to use ARUBA in communityscale water treatment centers, installed as public-private partnerships, in Bangladeshi villages

136

Structural Changes of Bimetallic PdX/Cu (1-X) Nanocatalysts Developed for Nitrate Reduction of Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Drinking Water Huiping Xu1,2 , Ray Twesten3 , Kathryn Guy4 , John Shapley4 , Charles Werth5 , Anatoly alternative for nitrate removal in drinking water [1]. Fundamental understanding how the atomic arrangement for the purification of drinking water. INTRODUCTION Presently nitrate in drinking water is either not removed

Frenkel, Anatoly

137

Assessing the Risk of Mercury in Drinking Water after UV Lamp Breaks Page 1 Assessing the Risk of Mercury in Drinking Water after UV Lamp Breaks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing the Risk of Mercury in Drinking Water after UV Lamp Breaks Page 1 Assessing the Risk of Mercury in Drinking Water after UV Lamp Breaks Heidi Borchers University of New Hampshire, Environmental Ultraviolet (UV) lamps generate ultraviolet light through the vaporization of elemental mercury, by using

138

Defluoridation of drinking water using metal embedded biocarbon technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The water that circulates in contact with fluorinated ores is particularly rich in fluoride. The beneficial and the harmful effects of fluoride consumption are well documented. The dental and skeletal fluorosis is the widespread harmful effects of a long consumption of fluoride. WHO recommended level of fluoride in drinking water is 1.5 mg/L. Different methods have been tested for defluoridation of waters such as coagulation, adsorption, precipitation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, and electrodialysis. The metal embedded biocarbon sorption method is promising in defluoridation of drinking water. The optimal operating conditions such as effect of contact time, effect of pH and effect of adsorbent dose for fluoride removal from aqueous solution using metal embedded biocarbon technology have been determined on synthetic wastewater. The temperature for the continuous mode of experiments was 27 ± 2°C. The result indicates that maximum removal (98%) of fluoride ion was achieved in 180 minutes. The amount of biocarbon dose is 2.0 g. The present results highlight the use of indigenous medicinal plants for the removal of fluoride in ground water. It is economically feasible option because of its bioavailability and its efficiency.

Malairajan Singanan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS Water Supply and Prospects in Baja California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

......................................................... 20 Environmental ................................................... 21 Chapter 4: Water Supply Infrastructure and Management ......... 24 Water supply infrastructure ................................... 26 Water governance and management ......................... 30 Chapter 5: Water Supply Prospects

Lund, Jay R.

140

Bottled drinking water: water contamination from bottle materials (glass, hard PET, soft PET), the influence of colour and acidification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bottled drinking water: water contamination from bottle materials (glass, hard PET, soft PET in glass at pH 3.5). None of the leachates approaches the maximum concentrations for drinking water- QMS) in 294 samples of the same bottled water (predominantly mineral water) sold in the European Union

Filzmoser, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

hat water you're drinking --or sprinkling onto your flowers, or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be found in surface Aluminum may cause Reverse osmosis, distillation Household water: 0.05-0.2 ppm, EPA (Al) water from industrial discoloration of water or or electrodialysis. Secondary Drinking Water Standard containing include increased risk of filtration, reverse osmosis, ultra- Drinking Standard. other elements

142

Volatile Halogenated Hydrocarbons in River Water, Ground Water, Drinking Water and Swimming-Pool Water in the Federal Republic of Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With increasing shortage of ground water it becomes more and more necessary to use surface water as a resource for drinking water and swimming-pool water preparation. In the judgement of water...

M. Sonneborn; S. Gerdes; R. Schwabe

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Montana Public Water Supply Law and Rules Webpage | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Montana Public Water Supply Law and Rules Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Public Water Supply Law and Rules Webpage...

144

Mycobacteria in Water and Loose Deposits of Drinking Water Distribution Systems in Finland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acid-fast organisms in water supply, treatment, and...distribution systems. J. Am. Water Works Assoc. 75: 139-144...mycobacteria from indoor swimming pools in Finland. APMIS 107...mycobacteria in brook waters. Appl. Environ. Microbiol...

Eila Torvinen; Sini Suomalainen; Markku J. Lehtola; Ilkka T. Miettinen; Outi Zacheus; Lars Paulin; Marja-Leena Katila; Pertti J. Martikainen

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Perfluorooctane sulphonate and perfluorooctanoic acid in drinking and environmental waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rapidly after the Buncefield Oil Depot fire, have LODs...the region of Buncefield Oil Depot and subsequent pollution...GAC is regenerated by heating at high temperatures in...following the Buncefield Oil Depot fire, the amount...Bob Markall and Robin Price of Anglian Water for supplying...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Chemical compounds and toxicological assessments of drinking water stored in polyethylene terephthalate (PET)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical compounds and toxicological assessments of drinking water stored in polyethyleneMS, gas chromatographyemass spectrometry; HDPE, high density polyethylene; HULYs, human blood lymphocytes

Short, Daniel

147

Safe Drinking Water Act: Environmental Guidance Program Reference Book. Revision 6  

SciTech Connect

This report presents information on the Safe Drinking Water Act. Sections are presented on: Legislative history and statute; implementing regulations; and updates.

Not Available

1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using Iron-oxide Coated Coal Ash. ” In Arsenic Contaminationarsenic from drinking water: Coal ash coated with ferricwater per day. However, the coal ash required to treat that

Mathieu, Johanna L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Aluminum and copper in drinking water enhance inflammatory oroxidative events specifically in the brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects of iron and aluminum on stress-related genelopathy syndrome. Possible aluminum intoxication. N. Engl.Chronic exposure to aluminum in drinking water increases

Bondy, Stephen Bondy C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Aluminum and copper in drinking water enhance inflammatory oroxidative events specifically in the brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000. Characterization of copper interactions with AlzheimerJ. , Flodman, T. , 1999. Copper in drinking water, Nebraska,the oxidative stress of copper-mediated melanin formation.

Bondy, Stephen Bondy C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Drinking Water Arsenic in Northern Chile: High Cancer Risks 40 Years after Exposure Cessation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Articles Drinking Water Arsenic in Northern Chile: High Cancer...worldwide are exposed to arsenic-contaminated water. In the largest city in northern Chile...people were exposed to high arsenic drinking water concentrations from 1958 until 1970 when...

Craig M. Steinmaus; Catterina Ferreccio; Johanna Acevedo Romo; Yan Yuan; Sandra Cortes; Guillermo Marshall; Lee E. Moore; John R. Balmes; Jane Liaw; Todd Golden; Allan H. Smith

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Is climate driving safe drinking water availability and access to sanitation facilities? Antarpreet Jutla1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is climate driving safe drinking water availability and access to sanitation facilities? Antarpreet that safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities lead to a considerable reduction in prevalence Spring, MD 2 Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Health, Department of Public Health and Environment, World

Miami, University of

153

WATER alert!: using mobile phones to improve community perspective on drinking water quality in South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drinking water quality, in many parts of South Africa, is far below acceptable standards. With a high number of illnesses and deaths in the country due to diarrheal diseases, the impact is critical. This research addresses the challenge of reporting ... Keywords: HCI, ICTD, South Africa, low-literate user interfaces, mobile phones, user-centered design, water quality

Deana Brown; Gary Marsden; Ulrike Rivett

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Wildfire and the Future of Water Supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(23-25) This new wildfire regime includes “mega-fires”, a new class of rare wildfires with behavior that exceeds all efforts at control, regardless of the type, size, or number of fire suppression resources deployed. ... Despite these efforts, a $30-million dredging project was required in 2010 to remove ?480,000 m3 of sediment from the Strontia Springs Reservoir—enough to cover a football field to a depth of 61 m.(52) In 2012, severe wildfires (Waldo Canyon, Hewlett Gulch, and High Park) burned forests throughout Colorado, necessitating the installation of upstream monitors to gauge ash and sediment levels, diversion of sooty water from treatment plant intakes, and restoration efforts to prevent mud, debris, and ash from entering water supplies. ...

Kevin D. Bladon; Monica B. Emelko; Uldis Silins; Micheal Stone

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

155

GRR/Section 6-AK-c - Drinking Water Permit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-AK-c - Drinking Water Permit 6-AK-c - Drinking Water Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 6-AK-c - Drinking Water Permit 06AKCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation Regulations & Policies 18 AAC 80 Drinking Water 40 CFR 141 40 CFR 142 40 CFR 143 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 06AKCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Alaska's drinking water program is monitored under the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. The type of permit required depends on the

156

Environmental justice implications of arsenic contamination in California¿s San Joaquin Valley: a cross-sectional, cluster-design examining exposure and compliance in community drinking water systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Drinking Water and Environmental Management; 2008. 26.of Drinking Water and Environmental Management; 2008. 28.of Drinking Water and Environmental Management, CDPH), Dr.

Balazs, Carolina L; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Hubbard, Alan E; Ray, Isha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Environmental justice implications of arsenic contamination in California¿s San Joaquin Valley: a cross-sectional, cluster-design examining exposure and compliance in community drinking water systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in community drinking water systems. Environmental Healthconcentrations in drinking water in Chile. Epidemiologyand enforcement of the safe drinking water act: The Arizona

Balazs, Carolina L; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Hubbard, Alan E; Ray, Isha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Hawaii Department of Health Safe Drinking Water Branch | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Branch Branch Jump to: navigation, search Name Hawaii Department of Health Safe Drinking Water Branch Address 919 Ala Moana Blvd Room 308 Place Honolulu, Hawaii Zip 96814 Coordinates 21.294755°, -157.858979° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":21.294755,"lon":-157.858979,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

159

Dose effect for South Serbians due to 238U in natural drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......imported drinking water. Health Phys (2004) 86:365-373...H., Dietert S. E. Uranium in the tissue of an occupationally exposed individual. Health Phys (1989) 57:17-21...water. | The use of depleted uranium ammunition in South Serbia......

S. K. Sahoo; M. Matsumoto; K. Shiraishi; K. Fujimoto; O. Cuknic; Z. S. Zunic

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Beyond the Aquifer : planning for San Antonio's future water supply.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This report examines water supply planning issues in San Antonio, Texas. San Antonio is unique among large cities in the United States in that it… (more)

Laughlin, Nathan Daniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com Analysis of the effect of aluminum in drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of aluminum in drinking water and transferrin C2 allele on Alzheimer's disease. a Virginie Rondeau, b Albert.Rondeau@isped.u-bordeaux2.fr Key words: aluminum, drinking water, transferrin, apolipoprotein E, Alzheimer's disease Word of a link between aluminum in drinking water and Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been supported by several

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

162

Brief Original Contribution Case-Control Study of Arsenic in Drinking Water and Kidney Cancer in Uniquely  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brief Original Contribution Case-Control Study of Arsenic in Drinking Water and Kidney Cancer for publication March 11, 2013. Millions of people worldwide are exposed to arsenic in drinking water of dose-response, we believe there is now sufficient evidence in humans that drinking-water arsenic causes

California at Berkeley, University of

163

1308 volume 119 | number 9 | September 2011 Environmental Health Perspectives Arsenic in drinking water is a major public  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in drinking water is a major public health problem in the Bengal delta, affecting millions of people studies have shown that methylation affects the toxicity of ingested InAs. In drinking water, InAs exists effects resulting from exposure to InAs in drinking water. We were also interested in urine creatinine

California at Berkeley, University of

164

Am J Epidemiol . Author manuscript Aluminum and silica in drinking water and the risk of Alzheimers disease'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Am J Epidemiol . Author manuscript Page /1 10 Aluminum and silica in drinking water and the risk associations between exposure to aluminum or silica from drinking water and risk of cognitive decline, dementia of dementia, aged' 65 years and over living in 91 civil drinking water areas in Southern France. Two measures

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

165

STATE OF CALIFORNIA SUPPLY WATER TEMPERATURE RESET CONTROLS ACCEPTANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATE OF CALIFORNIA SUPPLY WATER TEMPERATURE RESET CONTROLS ACCEPTANCE CEC-MECH-9A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE MECH-9A NA7.5.8 Supply Water Temperature Reset, under the laws of the State of California, the information provided on this form is true and correct

166

Water Supply Planning Using an Expert Geographic Information System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An expert geographic information system (expert GIS) for long-term regional water supply planning has been developed. This system has been evaluated through a case study examining a l9-county study region in South Texas with several water supply...

McKinney, Daene C.; Burgin, John F.; Maidment, David R.

167

GRR/Section 6-NV-c - Drinking Water Permit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 6-NV-c - Drinking Water Permit GRR/Section 6-NV-c - Drinking Water Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 6-NV-c - Drinking Water Permit 06NVCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Nevada Division of Water Resources Nevada Division of Environmental Protection Public Utilities Commission of Nevada Regulations & Policies NRS 445A Water Controls NAC 445A Water Controls (Regulations) Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 06NVCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative According to NRS 445A, the Nevada Division of Water Resources is charged

168

Water Supply Analysis for Restoring the Colorado River Delta, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Mexico. Potential water sources include reductions in local agricultural and urban water use through and urban water uses were estimated by two ancillary models. The results provide insights into economically promising water supplies for restoration activities. Quantifying the trade-off between agricultural

Pasternack, Gregory B.

169

Shock Chlorination of Stored Water Supplies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of their well water. While these procedures effectively may san- itize water wells and distribution systems, addition- al steps may be necessary to shock- chlorinate water stored in tanks. Storage Tanks In several regions of Texas, such as the Texas Hill... Country and the Central Texas Blacklands, water is pumped from wells into large storage tanks. Pipes from such tanks then deliver water to houses for domestic use. However, shock-chlorinating a water well alone may not provide enough chlorinated water...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

170

Measurement of 222RN concentration in drinking water in Sakarya, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......they are still below the World Health Organization recommended level...The radionuclides, which can be dangerous to human health because of their presence in the...drinking water represents a potential health risk due to human exposure through......

Hakan Yakut; Emre Tabar; Zemine Zenginerler; Nilufer Demirci; Filiz Ertugral

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Quality and Membrane Treatability of the Lake Houston Water Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TWRI TR-186 Quality and Membrane Treatability of the Lake Houston Water Supply Final Report October 1, 2001 By Shankar Chellam, Ramesh Sharma, Grishma Shetty (all with the University of Houston), and Ying Wei (City of Houston) PUBLISHED BY THE TEXAS... WATER RESOURCES INSTITUE (TWRI) Quality and Membrane Treatability of the Lake Houston Water Supply by Shankar Chellam, Ramesh Sharma, and Grishma Shetty, Civil Engineering Department, the University of Houston, Houston, TX, and Ying Wei, City of Houston...

Chellam, Shankar; Sharma, Ramesh; Shetty, Grishma; Wei, Ying

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Water quality analysis of the piped water supply in Tamale, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United Nation's Millennium Development Goal Target 7.C is to "halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water". While the UN claimed to have met this goal, studies ...

Hansen, Allison Jean

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Modern approaches to the analysis of disinfection by-products in drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...methods Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry methods Halogenation Hydrogen-Ion Concentration Models, Chemical Oxides analysis Ozone chemistry Water analysis Water Pollutants, Chemical analysis Water Purification methods Water Supply analysis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Breakdown of energy comsumption of a water utility: (a) life-cycle phase, (b) water supply phase, (c) life-cycle activity, and (d) material production category. ... The Water?Energy Sustainability Tool (WEST) can evaluate the construction, operation, and maintenance of water systems and compare the direct and indirect (supply chain) energy and environmental effects of alternative water sources in terms of material production (e.g., concrete, pipe, and chemicals), material delivery, construction and maintenance equipment use, energy production (electricity and fuel), and sludge disposal. ... The difference is due to fossil fuels, especially coal, which make up a larger portion of the U.S. electricity mix. ...

Jennifer R. Stokes; Arpad Horvath

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

175

Vulnerability assessment of water supply systems for insufficient fire flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems. Generally speaking, SCADA systems are the monitoring and control systems in the utility industries which help in operating the water system components with proper timing and sequence, measuring water quality... parameters, etc., without physically accessing the network. Thus, SCADA systems can reduce operating cost for a water utility and thereby increase a water system?s efficiency. The proposed hardening methodology of the water supply system was based...

Kanta, Lufthansa Rahman

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Urban water supply planning and management in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gap between water need and supply has widened steadily in Nigeria's urban centres despite continuous efforts made to develop the nation's vast surface and groundwater resources. Less than 0.5% of the total...

L. Oyebande Dr.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Modern approaches to the analysis of disinfection by-products in drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with organic nitrogen in the pool...in drinking water with ozone...inherent aqueous solubility of many of...organic-nitrogen precursors...Annual Conf. (Water Quality...capillary column gas chromatography...inherent aqueous solubility of many of...extraction from water difficult...Monitoring methods Gas Chromatography-Mass...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6, 2013 6, 2013 Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers Washington, D.C. - In a project supported and managed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), researchers at the University of Alaska Fairbanks have demonstrated that the use of artificial barriers-snow fences-can significantly increase the amount of fresh water supplies in Arctic lakes at a fraction of the cost of bringing in water from nearby lakes. The results promise to enhance environmentally sound development of Alaska's natural resources, lowering the costs of building ice roads used for exploring for oil and natural gas in Alaska. They could also be used to help augment fresh water supplies at remote villages. Researcher Joel Bailey measures the density of the snow in this snow pit to determine the amount of snow in the drift and the water equivalent of the snow drift.

180

ANNUAL DRINKING WATER REPORT FOR 2013 Texas A&M University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is then pumped 7.5 miles through a dual pipeline system to our main storage tanks at the corner of F on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) monitors all public water systems within this state. The TCEQ has assessed our system and has determined that our water is safe to drink. As part of their ongoing monitoring of public

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Method for detecting organic contaminants in water supplies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for detecting organic contaminants in water supplies. A sampling unit is employed which includes a housing having at least one opening therein and a tubular member positioned within the housing having a central passageway surrounded by a side wall. The side wall is made of a composition designed to absorb the contaminants. In use, the sampling unit is immersed in a water supply. The water supply contacts the tubular member through the opening in the housing, with any contaminants being absorbed into the side wall of the tubular member. A carrier gas is then passed through the central passageway of the tubular member. The contaminants will diffuse out of the side wall and into the central passageway where they will subsequently combine with the carrier gas, thereby yielding a gaseous product. The gaseous product is then analyzed to determine the amount and type of contaminants therein.

Dooley, Kirk J. (Shelley, ID); Barrie, Scott L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Buttner, William J. (White Bear Lake, MN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Innovative reuse of drinking water sludge in geo-environmental applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, the replacement of natural raw materials with new alternative materials, which acquire an economic, energetic and environmental value, has gained increasing importance. The considerable consumption of water has favoured the increase in the number of drinking water treatment plants and, consequently, the production of drinking water sludge. This paper proposes a protocol of analyses capable of evaluating chemical characteristics of drinking water sludge from surface water treatment plants. Thereby we are able to assess their possible beneficial use for geo-environmental applications, such as the construction of barrier layers for landfill and for the formation of “bio-soils”, when mixed with the stabilized organic fraction of municipal solid waste. This paper reports the results of a study aimed at evaluating the quality and environmental aspects of reconstructed soils (“bio-soil”), which are used in much greater quantities than the usual standard, for “massive” applications in environmental actions such as the final cover of landfills. The granulometric, chemical and physical analyses of the sludge and the leaching test on the stabilized organic fraction showed the suitability of the proposed materials for reuse. The study proved that the reuse of drinking water sludge for the construction of barrier layers and the formation of “bio-soils” reduces the consumption of natural materials, the demand for landfill volumes, and offers numerous technological advantages.

D. Caniani; S. Masi; I.M. Mancini; E. Trulli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Project Summary:Supplying Our Water Needs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subject/Content Area: Physical Science, Social Studies, Mathematics, and Subject/Content Area: Physical Science, Social Studies, Mathematics, and Learning Strategies Target Audience: Thornridge is a comprehensive high school serving approximately 2200 ninth through twelfth grade students living southeast of the Chicago city limits. Student backgrounds vary greatly socio-economically (below the poverty line to approximately six figures), ethnically (7% Caucasian, 87% African-American, 6% Hispanic) and culturally. Mobility and unemployment are high. Steel mills, the auto industry, steel processing plants and the construction trades have been the major employers, however, many no longer exist. Student test scores in all areas are below the state mean. Eighty freshmen, identified as performing well below grade-level in all areas, are targeted to use this water unit

184

Effects of storage temperature and duration on release of antimony and bisphenol A from polyethylene terephthalate drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polyethylene terephthalate drinking water bottles of China Ying-Ying Fan a , Jian-Lun Zheng a , Jing-Hua Ren Accepted 9 May 2014 Available online xxx Keywords: Polyethylene terephthalate Antimony Bisphenol A Release of antimony (Sb) and bisphenol A (BPA) from 16 brands of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) drinking water

Ma, Lena

185

Direct Determination of Trace-Level Haloacetic Acids in Drinking Water by Two-1 Dimensional Ion Chromatography with Suppressed Conductivity2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Direct Determination of Trace-Level Haloacetic Acids in Drinking Water by Two-1 Dimensional Ion thetreatment process of drinking water, disinfectants (chlorine, ozone, chlorine dioxide)13 react on water of the nine existing Halo-Acetic Acids (HAA) are commonly found15 in drinking water(Monochloroacetic acid MCAA

Boyer, Edmond

186

Review article Strategies to control water and nutrient supplies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, expenses for artificial lighting, heating, dehu- midification or CO2 enrichment of the greenhouse airReview article Strategies to control water and nutrient supplies to greenhouse crops. A review Hans to greenhouse crops. The tradi- tional concepts of surplus irrigation and fertilization conflict

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

187

The Application of Electrodialysis for Drinking Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrodialysis is applied for the removal of dissolved ionic substances from water. Amongst other desalination processes, such as ... and reverse osmosis, the main advantages of electrodialysis are high water re...

F. Hell; J. Lahnsteiner

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Lung Cancer and Arsenic Concentrations in Drinking Water in Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cancer risks was found in a small cohort study in Japan involving residents using well water con concentrations in water sources piped to households. It is the first large, popula- tion-based lung cancer case

California at Berkeley, University of

189

Removing Radium-226 Contamination From Ion Exchange Resins Used in Drinking Water Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Removing Radium-226 Contamination From Ion Exchange Resins Used in Drinking Water Treatment P r o b of groundwater containing high levels of radium-226 activity (Objective 1) were regenerated with prescribed brine that the concentration of salt in the brine cleaning solution was the most influential factor in the resin regeneration

190

NATURAL RADIONUCLIDES MEASUREMENTS IN DRINKING WATER BY LIQUID SCINTILLATION COUNTING. METHODS AND RESULTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to dose evaluation, namely gross alpha and beta activity, uranium and radium isotopes content. For tritium activity and uranium isotope concentration have been measured. A Quantulus-Wallac scintillation counter hasNATURAL RADIONUCLIDES MEASUREMENTS IN DRINKING WATER BY LIQUID SCINTILLATION COUNTING. METHODS

191

An environmental sensor network to determine drinking water quality and security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An environmental sensor network to determine drinking water quality and security Anastassia. Small Civil & Environmental Engineering and Engineering & Public Policy Carnegie Mellon University ms35@andrew.cmu.edu Jeanne VanBriesen Civil and Environmental Engineering and Biomedical Engineering Carnegie

Ailamaki, Anastassia

192

First Evidence of Amoebae–Mycobacteria Association in Drinking Water Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) are opportunistic pathogens that share the same ecological niches as amoebae. ... While several studies have demonstrated the ability of these bacteria to colonise and persist within drinking water networks, there is also strong suspicion that mycobacteria could use amoebae as a vehicle for protection and even replication. ... This is the first time that an association between FLA and NTM is observed in water networks, highlighting the importance of FLA in the ecology of NTM. ...

Vincent Delafont; Faïza Mougari; Emmanuelle Cambau; Michel Joyeux; Didier Bouchon; Yann Héchard; Laurent Moulin

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

193

Social Perceptions of Drinking Water Quality in South Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

quality in the Lower Rio Grande Valley were examined, notably trying to assess the gap in social perceptions between key water managers and the colonia residents. A semi-structured interview methodology was used upon the key water managers in order...

Garcia, Victor

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

194

Risks and responses to universal drinking water security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...providers were introduced, with utility pay points closed, saving...LIFELINK system, which uses solar panels to pump groundwater...2004 Water for Asian cities. Utilities performance and civil society...water and sewerage regulation. Utilities Policy 14, 175-184. ( doi...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Shifting To Sustainable Drinking Water Consumption At UBC: A Social Marketing Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Consumption At UBC: A Social Marketing Plan Rosalind Sadowski, Angela Willock University; SHIFTING TO SUSTAINABLE DRINKING WATER CONSUMPTION AT UBC: A SOCIAL MARKETING PLAN ROSALIND SADOWSKI....................................................................................................... 5 About Us, the Authors Overall Timeline and Project Context Drinking Water at UBC: Who

196

Detection of Infectious Cryptosporidium in Drinking Water Waterborne transmission of the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium remains a significant threat of disease with severe consequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of Infectious Cryptosporidium in Drinking Water Waterborne transmission of the protozoan with weakened immune systems. New drinking water standards under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USE to minimize the risk of Cryptosporidium on public health. Properly operating drinking water treatment plants

197

Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community along the U.S.-Mexico Border.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community along the U Dental Association (ADA) is concerned that individuals who primarily drink bottled water may, elucidated why Latinos perceive tap water to be unsafe for drinking, and identified whether individuals have

Fay, Noah

198

Nanotechnology for a Safe and Sustainable Water Supply: Enabling Integrated Water Treatment and Reuse  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanotechnology for a Safe and Sustainable Water Supply: Enabling Integrated Water Treatment and Reuse ... Although existing infrastructure contributes inertia against a paradigm shift, these immense challenges call for a change toward integrated management of water and wastewater with a decentralized, differential treatment and reuse paradigm where water and wastewater are treated to the quality dictated by the intended use. ... Nanotechnology will likely play a critical role, not only supplementing and enhancing existing processes, but also facilitating the transformation of water supply systems toward a distributed differential treatment paradigm that integrates wastewater reuse with energy neutral operations, lower residuals production, and safer water quality. ...

Xiaolei Qu; Jonathon Brame; Qilin Li; Pedro J. J. Alvarez

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

199

20121114 Riverton drinking wa...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Where Does My Drinking Water Come From? Where Does My Drinking Water Come From? Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site F A C T S H E E T ENERGY Legacy Management U.S. DEPARTMENT OF This fact sheet provides information about the Alternative Water Supply System and domestic wells at the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 Title I processing site at Riverton, Wyoming. The Riverton site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. Where Is the Riverton Site? The former Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site is in Fremont County, 2 miles southwest of the town of Riverton and within the boundaries of the Wind River Indian Reservation (Northern Arapaho and Eastern Shoshone). Why Is It a "Site"? A uranium- and vanadium-ore-processing mill operated on the property from 1958 to 1963. Milling operations created

200

Radon concentrations in ground and drinking water in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports 222Rn concentrations in ground and drinking water of nine cities of Chihuahua State, Mexico. Fifty percent of the 114 sampled wells exhibited 222Rn concentrations exceeding 11 Bq/L, the maximum contaminant level (MCL) recommended by the USEPA. Furthermore, around 48% (123 samples) of the tap-water samples taken from 255 dwellings showed radon concentrations over the MCL. There is an apparent correlation between total dissolved solids and radon concentration in ground-water. The high levels of 222Rn found may be entirely attributed to the nature of aquifer rocks.

L. Villalba; L. Colmenero Sujo; M.E. Montero Cabrera; A. Cano Jiménez; M. Rentería Villalobos; C.J. Delgado Mendoza; L.A. Jurado Tenorio; I. Dávila Rangel; E.F. Herrera Peraza

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Providing safe drinking water to 1.2 billion unserved people  

SciTech Connect

Despite substantial advances in the past 100 years in public health, technology and medicine, 20% of the world population, mostly comprised of the poor population segments in developing countries (DCs), still does not have access to safe drinking water. To reach the United Nations (UN) Millennium Goal of halving the number of people without access to safe water by 2015, the global community will need to provide an additional one billion urban residents and 600 million rural residents with safe water within the next twelve years. This paper examines current water treatment measures and implementation methods for delivery of safe drinking water, and offers suggestions for making progress towards the goal of providing a timely and equitable solution for safe water provision. For water treatment, based on the serious limitations of boiling water and chlorination, we suggest an approach based on filtration coupled with ultraviolet (UV) disinfection, combined with public education. Additionally, owing to the capacity limitations for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to take on this task primarily on their own, we suggest a strategy based on financially sustainable models that include the private sector as well as NGOs.

Gadgil, Ashok J.; Derby, Elisabeth A.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Environmental assessment for the domestic water supply upgrades and consolidation on the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

The domestic water systems on the Savannah River Site (SRS) are currently in need of upgrading to ensure compliance with the Safe Drinking Water Act and South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) Drinking Water Regulations. The SRS has 28 separate goundwater-based drinking water systems in use across the site. These aging systems were designed and constructed in the 1950s and are now facing increasing difficulties in meeting cur-rent regulations. Audits of the systems conducted by SCDHEC in 1986, 1988, 1991, and 1993 identified shortfalls in meeting the requirements for secondary maximum containment levels (MCLS) and SCDHEC design standards. Secondary MCLs are those items, such as odor or appearance, that do not pose a direct health impact. SRS has committed to SCDHEC to correct the drinking water discrepancies and construct two new consolidated inter-area drinking water systems. Upgrading the SRS drinking water systems would be necessary to support site activities regardless of the makeup or the mission at SRS. As such, the proposed upgrade and consolidation of SRS domestic water systems is treated as part of the ``No Action`` alternative for the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Reconfiguration of the Nuclear Weapons Complex .

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Water Heating: Energy-efficient strategies for supplying hot water in the home (BTS Technology Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet for homeowners and contractors on how to supply hot water in the home while saving energy.

NAHB Research Center; Southface Energy Institute; U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Laboratory; U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory

2001-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

A comprehensive insight into bacterial virulence in drinking water using 454 pyrosequencing and Illumina high-throughput sequencing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to comprehensively investigate bacterial virulence in drinking water, 454 pyrosequencing and Illumina high-throughput sequencing were used to detect potential pathogenic bacteria and virulence factors (VFs) in a full-scale drinking water treatment and distribution system. 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing revealed high bacterial diversity in the drinking water (441–586 operational taxonomic units). Bacterial diversity decreased after chlorine disinfection, but increased after pipeline distribution. ?-Proteobacteria was the most dominant taxonomic class. Alignment against the established pathogen database showed that several types of putative pathogens were present in the drinking water and Pseudomonas aeruginosa had the highest abundance (over 11‰ of total sequencing reads). Many pathogens disappeared after chlorine disinfection, but P. aeruginosa and Leptospira interrogans were still detected in the tap water. High-throughput sequencing revealed prevalence of various pathogenicity islands and virulence proteins in the drinking water, and translocases, transposons, Clp proteases and flagellar motor switch proteins were the predominant VFs. Both diversity and abundance of the detectable \\{VFs\\} increased after the chlorination, and decreased after the pipeline distribution. This study indicates that joint use of 454 pyrosequencing and Illumina sequencing can comprehensively characterize environmental pathogenesis, and several types of putative pathogens and various \\{VFs\\} are prevalent in drinking water.

Kailong Huang; Xu-Xiang Zhang; Peng Shi; Bing Wu; Hongqiang Ren

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Recommendations for at-risk water supplies in Capiz Province, Philippines : using water source and community assessments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The following thesis is part of a larger project which began in response to a request by the Provincial Health Office (PHO) in Capiz Province, Philippines for expert advice to support its drinking water quality testing ...

Patrick, Jessica Molly

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Improving water and energy metabolism efficiency in urban water supply system through pressure stabilization by optimal operation on water tanks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Water supply consumes 2–3% of the worldwide energy. Water distribution system, which accounts for 70% electricity consumption of water supply, is a key link of urban water and energy metabolism. The operation of the secondary water supply system (SWSS) has great influence on the pressure stability and associated energy consumption as well as water loss of urban water distribution. This research developed an approach based on the hydraulic solver EPANET and genetic algorithm (GA) to investigate the impacts of two different operation strategies, user demand regulation (UDR) and tank level regulation (TLR) of SWSS, on pressure stability and energy efficiency. The results showed that the strategy of TLR could reduce the pressure fluctuations and increase the minimal pressure of the distribution network under the same supply–demand condition. Reduction of the pressure fluctuations is beneficial to the reliability and leakage control of pipe networks. Increase of the minimal pressure indicates that less energy is lost during the distribution. Therefore, the TLR strategy of SWSS can support to initiatively lower the water pressure of the pumps at the water plant outlet, thus improves the water and energy metabolism efficiency in urban water supply system.

Qiang Xu; Qiuwen Chen; Siliang Qi; Desuo Cai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...two previously normal wells that displayed increased...tectonic (e.g., geothermal springs) or microbial...subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale...Domestic and Municipal Water Wells for Dissolved Gas Analysis...nitrate flux to the Gulf of Mexico. Ground Water 42...

Thomas H. Darrah; Avner Vengosh; Robert B. Jackson; Nathaniel R. Warner; Robert J. Poreda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Alternative Water Supply Options for Nitrate Contamination in California's Tulare and Salinas Groundwater Basins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fresno Council of Governments Paul Collins CDPH Division of Drinking Water and Environmental Management Water and Environmental Management Leslie Cotham Golden Living Center ­ Country View Jeannie Darby UCD County Department of Environmental Health ­ Water Program Anthony Chavarria City of Firebaugh Kathy Chung

Lund, Jay R.

209

Lead in Your Drinking Water Lead (Pb) is an extremely toxic heavy metal that unfortunately occurs widely in our environment. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lead in Your Drinking Water Lead (Pb) is an extremely toxic heavy metal that unfortunately occurs of metallic lead in the soil (4) Drinking water ­ water as it leaves the treatment plant has no lead of connection. (In some cases, the water meter as well as the curb stop is outside the house.) Common metals

Maynard, J. Barry

210

California's water futures: How water conservation and varying Delta exports affect water supply in the face of climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This thesis uses an integrated statewide hydro-economic model to examine the water supply and cost desalination, and expanded water recycling. Results indicate that, depending on climate and Delta export with urban conservation, because it is so rarely used. Recycled water and desalination are expanded primarily

Lund, Jay R.

211

GRR/Section 19-CO-f - Substitute Water Supply Plan | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CO-f - Substitute Water Supply Plan CO-f - Substitute Water Supply Plan < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 19-CO-f - Substitute Water Supply Plan 19COFSubstituteWaterSupplyPlan.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Colorado Division of Water Resources Regulations & Policies CRS 37-92-208 Policy 2003-2 Implementation of CRS 37-92-308 Regarding Substitute Water Supply Plans Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 19COFSubstituteWaterSupplyPlan.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative The state engineer in the Colorado Division of Water Resources oversees the

212

Triclosan Reactivity in Chloraminated Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Triclosan Reactivity in Chloraminated Waters ... Triclosan, widely employed as an antimicrobial additive in many household personal care products, has recently been detected in wastewater treatment plant effluents and in source waters used for drinking water supplies. ... Chloramines used either as alternative disinfectants in drinking water treatment or formed during chlorination of nonnitrified wastewater effluents have the potential to react with triclosan. ...

Aimee E. Greyshock; Peter J. Vikesland

2006-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

213

Physicochemical Properties Related to Long-Term Phosphorus Retention by Drinking-Water Treatment Residuals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is necessary to determine the true long-term P sorption capacities of WTRs, if used to reduce soluble P in systems very high in P, such as in animal waste lagoons. ... Second-order rate coefficients for Fe-based WTRs were generally smaller than those of Al-based WTRs, consistent with there being less P sorption for the second biphasic (longer term) sorption stage. ... Typical air-dried Fe- and Al-based WTR show minimal bacterial activity (long-term storage, and chlorine addition during the drinking-water purification process (5). ...

Konstantinos C. Makris; Willie G. Harris; George A. O'Connor; Thomas A. Obreza; Herschel A. Elliott

2005-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

214

Elimination of Botulinum Neurotoxin (BoNT) Type B from Drinking Water by Small-Scale (Personal-Use) Water Purification Devices and Detection of BoNT in Water Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Small-Scale (Personal-Use) Water Purification Devices and Detection of BoNT...Seven small-scale drinking water purification devices were evaluated for...immunoassays (EIAs). The water purification devices based on filtration...

Ari Hörman; Mari Nevas; Miia Lindström; Marja-Liisa Hänninen; Hannu Korkeala

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

On 1 January 2006, a new U.S. drinking water standard of 10 g arsenic/L will come into effect [U.S. Environmental Protection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On 1 January 2006, a new U.S. drinking water standard of 10 µg arsenic/L will come into effect [U limit of As in drinking water from 50 µg/L to 10 µg/L because it promises to reduce the risk of an array states, where drinking water sources are most likely to exceed the 10 µg/L limit, public agencies

van Geen, Alexander

216

Impact of Reservoir Evaporation and Evaporation Suppression on Water Supply Capabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reservoir storage is essential for developing dependable water supplies and is a major component of the river system water budget. The storage contents of reservoirs fluctuate greatly with variations in water use and climatic conditions that range...

Ayala, Rolando A

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Aluminum and silica intake in drinking water and the risk of Alzheimer's disease or cognitive decline: findings of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aluminum and silica intake in drinking water and the risk of Alzheimer's disease or cognitive,2 , Commenges Daniel1,2 , Helmer Catherine2,3 , Jean-François Dartigues2,3 . Abbreviations: Al, Aluminum; AD, Alzheimer's Disease; MMSE, Mini Mental State Examination; Si, Silica Running head: Aluminum, silica in water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

218

1.2 What pressure difference must be generated across the length of a 15 cm vertical drinking straw in order to drink a water-like liquid of density 1.0 g cm-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in order to drink a water-like liquid of density 1.0 g cm-3 ? 1.6 Charles' law is sometimes expressed1.2 What pressure difference must be generated across the length of a 15 cm vertical drinking straw

Findley, Gary L.

219

Design of an autarkic water and energy supply driven by renewable energy using commercially available components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Around the world there are a lot of remote coastal areas suffering from natural drinking water resources and a lack of energy. These locations ask for new innovations for an environmentally friendly solution represented by the combination of RO desalination plants and renewable energy sources like wind. But how to combine a desalination plant with fluctuating energy source like wind? How to “store” energy? Are the components already applied in practice and commercially available? What about the costs? The R&D department of ENERCON did a lot of work in this field and brings the 3 important components together: wind energy converters (WEC), RO desalination plants and “stand-alone” systems for energy management. Related to wind energy, the ENERCON \\{WECs\\} are well known for their performance and quality. The R&D department also developed new innovations in the design of RO desalination plants: The ENERCON Energy Recovery System for very low energy consumption, high flexibility, efficient combination with fluctuating energy sources and no use of chemicals. In belongings to the third important field, energy storing and stand alone systems ENERCON developed a system which provides 100% energy supply by wind energy all over the year on the island Utsira in Norway for 2 years now. Aiming at the goal of sustainable development these systems fulfil all requirements for environmentally friendly and economic operation: no use of fossil fuels and therefore no CO2 emissions/no use of chemicals and therefore no negative impact to the marine environment.

Kay Paulsen; Frank Hensel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash Title Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Mathieu, Johanna L., Ashok J. Gadgil, Susan E. Addy, and Kristin Kowolik Journal Environmental Science and Health Keywords airflow and pollutant transport group, arsenic, bangladesh, coal bottom ash, drinking water, indoor environment department, water contaminants, water treatment Abstract We describe laboratory and field results of a novel arsenic removal adsorbent called 'Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash' (ARUBA). ARUBA is prepared by coating particles of coal bottom ash, a waste material from coal fired power plants, with iron (hydr)oxide. The coating process is simple and conducted at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Material costs for ARUBA are estimated to be low (~$0.08 per kg) and arsenic remediation with ARUBA has the potential to be affordable to resource-constrained communities. ARUBA is used for removing arsenic via a dispersal-and-removal process, and we envision that ARUBA would be used in community-scale water treatment centers. We show that ARUBA is able to reduce arsenic concentrations in contaminated Bangladesh groundwater to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Using the Langmuir isotherm (R2 = 0.77) ARUBA's adsorption capacity in treating real groundwater is 2.6×10-6 mol/g (0.20 mg/g). Time-to-90% (defined as the time interval for ARUBA to remove 90% of the total amount of arsenic that is removed at equilibrium) is less than one hour. Reaction rates (pseudo-second-order kinetic model, R2 ≥ 0.99) increase from 2.4×105 to 7.2×105 g mol-1 min-1 as the groundwater arsenic concentration decreases from 560 to 170 ppb. We show that ARUBA's arsenic adsorption density (AAD), defined as the milligrams of arsenic removed at equilibrium per gram of ARUBA added, is linearly dependent on the initial arsenic concentration of the groundwater sample, for initial arsenic concentrations of up to 1600 ppb and an ARUBA dose of 4.0 g/L. This makes it easy to determine the amount of ARUBA required to treat a groundwater source when its arsenic concentration is known and less than 1600 ppb. Storing contaminated groundwater for two to three days before treatment is seen to significantly increase ARUBA's AAD. ARUBA can be separated from treated water by coagulation and clarification, which is expected to be less expensive than filtration of micron-scale particles, further contributing to the affordability of a community-scale water treatment center

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Reverse osmosis for removing synthetic organics from drinking water: a cost and performance evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Reverse osmosis for removing organic compounds from drinking water has considerable promise. Bench and pilot plant studies on actual waters have shown that several organics proposed for regulation can be removed by reverse osmosis. As membrane technology improves, rejection of more difficult to remove compounds is expected to improve. Also, smaller volumes of concentrate are expected to be produced that can be handled more cost-effectively. One major concern with the use of reverse osmosis is concentrate disposal, which may increase the overall cost of treatment and disposal. The cost of reverse osmosis is very sensitive to such factors as recovery, economies of scale, systems configuration, membrane type, and electric power cost. In certain situations, reverse osmosis is a viable treatment option that is not cost-prohibitive.

Lykins, B.W.; Clark, R.M.; Fronk, C.A.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Assessing resilience of water supply systems under the impacts of climate change.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project was a step forward in developing the scientific basis for a methodology to assess the resilience of water supply systems under the impacts… (more)

Jofreh, Venus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Resilience of water supply systems in meeting the challenges posed by climate change and population growth.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research project provides a scientifically robust approach for assessing the resilience of water supply systems, which are critical infrastructure, to impacts of climate change… (more)

Amarasinghe, Pradeep

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

E-Print Network 3.0 - abb-ce light water Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supplier Beginning in 1999... , community water supply systems must provide an annual report describ- ing the quality of their drinking Source: Fernndez-Juricic, Esteban -...

225

Assessing the efficiency of combined use of surface water and groundwater for process water supply to Kalininskaya NPP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The potential improvement of the reliability of process water supply system is discussed for the case of an important power facility with the use of combined water intake systems. Hydrological simulation is us...

M. V. Bolgov; R. S. Shtengelov; A. A. Maslov; E. A. Filimonova

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Numerical simulation of the thermal conditions in a sea bay water area used for water supply to nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

Consideration is given to the numerical simulation of the thermal conditions in sea water areas used for both water supply to and dissipation of low-grade heat from a nuclear power plant on the shore of a sea bay.

Sokolov, A. S. [JSC 'B. E. Vedeneev All-Russia Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering (VNIIG)' (Russian Federation)] [JSC 'B. E. Vedeneev All-Russia Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering (VNIIG)' (Russian Federation)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications  

SciTech Connect

ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) has proven effective at removing high concentrations of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate--bottom ash from coal fired power plants--is a waste material readily available in South Asia. In comparison to similar technologies, ARUBA uses less media for arsenic removal due to its high surface area to volume ratio. Hence, less waste is produced. A number of experiments were conducted in Bangladesh to determine the effectiveness of various water treatment protocols. It was found that (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from water within five minutes of treatment, (2) ARUBA, that has settled at the bottom of a treatment vessel, continues to remove arsenic for 2-3 days, (3) ARUBA's arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through sequential partial dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once), and (4) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic levels ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well. Our findings imply a number of tradeoffs between ARUBA's effective arsenic removal capacity, treatment system costs, and waste output. These tradeoffs, some a function of arsenic-related policies in Bangladesh (e.g., waste disposal regulations), must be considered when designing an arsenic removal system. We propose that the most attractive option is to use ARUBA in communityscale water treatment centers, installed as public-private partnerships, in Bangladeshi villages.

Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Addy, Susan E.A.

2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

228

Presence of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Surface Waters Used for the Production of Drinking Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two methods widely applied for isolating PAH from surface water have been compared: solvent extraction using cyclohexane and solid surface extraction. Higher recoveires were obtained through solvent extraction...

F. Van Hoof; S. Aerts

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Advanced Water Treatment System: Technological and Economic Evaluations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The supply of potable water from polluted rivers, lakes, unsafe wells, ... most effective methods to obtain low cost drinking water is desalination. In this chapter, an advanced water treatment system, based on electrodialysis

Artak Barseghyan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Laser- and UV-LED-Induced Fluorescence Detection of Drinking Water and Water-Dissolved Organics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a deep-UV laser-induced fluorescence system for fluorescence detection of water-dissolved organic species. Deep-UV LEDs also were used as the excitation source....

Sharikova, Anna V; Killinger, Dennis K

231

Water supply analysis for restoring the Colorado River Delta, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Resources Planning and Management-ASCE, 129(3), 155-164. EnvironmentalEnvironmental valuation and its economic critics." Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management-water management regarding water markets, facility expansion, dam removal, conjunctive use, economic costs of environmental

Medellin-Azuara, Josue; Lund, Jay R.; Howitt, Richard E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

WaterJewel: design and evaluation of a bracelet to promote a better drinking behaviour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recent study revealed that every fourth German adult drinks less than 1.5 litres a day. Insufficient fluid intake can cause headache, lack of energy and lightheadedness. Signals can be used to be reminded of drinking. However, these are often missed ... Keywords: ambient, arduino, digital jewellery, everyday life, fluid intake, prototyping, reminder, wearable light display

Jutta Fortmann, Vanessa Cobus, Wilko Heuten, Susanne Boll

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Mycobacteria in Water and Loose Deposits of Drinking Water Distribution Systems in Finland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...concentration of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) was 23 mug/liter, the concentration...presented in Table 2. The concentration of AOC in the water was analyzed with the addition...between the number of mycobacteria and the AOC content, the growth value proposed by Falkinham...

Eila Torvinen; Sini Suomalainen; Markku J. Lehtola; Ilkka T. Miettinen; Outi Zacheus; Lars Paulin; Marja-Leena Katila; Pertti J. Martikainen

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Coastal Upwelling Supplies Oxygen-Depleted Water to the Columbia River Estuary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extent and duration of exposure to low DO water. Strong upwelling during neap tides produced the largestCoastal Upwelling Supplies Oxygen-Depleted Water to the Columbia River Estuary G. Curtis Roegner1 States of America Abstract Low dissolved oxygen (DO) is a common feature of many estuarine and shallow-water

235

Modeling and mapping of MaeLa refugee camp water supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the development and use of a model, using the EPANET computer code, to simulate the three-hour intermittent MaeLa refugee camp water supply. In coordination with Aide Medicale Internationale, a field ...

Rahimi, Navid

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Emergency Factsheet for Shock Chlorination of Stored Water Supplies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of some storage tanks (greater than 5,000 gallons), such an approach can be wasteful, increasing energy may sanitize water wells and distribution systems, additional steps may be necessary to shock with and disinfect the stored water. Calculating Chlorine Amounts To sanitize water properly, enough chlorine needs

237

High density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for solar disinfection of drinking water in northern region, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the technical feasibility of high density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for the solar disinfection of drinking water ...

Yazdani, Iman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers March 6, 2013 - 10:55am Addthis Monitoring equipment and part of the snowfence peek out of the snow drift. Monitoring equipment and part of the snowfence peek out of the snow drift. The aerial view shows the experimental lake at Franklin Bluffs used for the snowfence experiment. The aerial view shows the experimental lake at Franklin Bluffs used for the snowfence experiment. Researcher Joel Bailey measures the density of the snow in this snow pit to determine the amount of snow in the drift and the water equivalent of the snow drift. Researcher Joel Bailey measures the density of the snow in this snow pit to determine the amount of snow in the drift and the water equivalent of the

239

Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers Alaskan Ice Road Water Supplies Augmented by Snow Barriers March 6, 2013 - 10:55am Addthis Monitoring equipment and part of the snowfence peek out of the snow drift. Monitoring equipment and part of the snowfence peek out of the snow drift. The aerial view shows the experimental lake at Franklin Bluffs used for the snowfence experiment. The aerial view shows the experimental lake at Franklin Bluffs used for the snowfence experiment. Researcher Joel Bailey measures the density of the snow in this snow pit to determine the amount of snow in the drift and the water equivalent of the snow drift. Researcher Joel Bailey measures the density of the snow in this snow pit to determine the amount of snow in the drift and the water equivalent of the

240

Towards A National Policy for Water Supply and Conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ignores the prospect that in the long-run'-which is shorter than is sometimes supposed-desalination for some purposes is inevitable. The earlier adequate attention is directed to such developments ... various schemes, nor did they seriously consider the possibility of any contribution from either the desalination of sea or brackish-water, the use of alternatives to potable water by industry ...

1964-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Removal of radionuclides in drinking water by membrane treatment using ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis and electrodialysis reversal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A pilot plant had been built to test the behaviour of ultrafiltration (UF), reverse osmosis (RO), and electrodialysis reversal (EDR) in order to improve the quality of the water supplied to Barcelona metropolitan area from the Llobregat River. This paper presents results from two studies to reduce natural radioactivity. The results from the pilot plant with four different scenarios were used to design the full-scale treatment plant built (SJD WTP). The samples taken at different steps of the treatment were analysed to determine gross alpha, gross beta and uranium activity. The results obtained revealed a significant improvement in the radiological water quality provided by both membrane techniques (RO and EDR showed removal rates higher than 60%). However, UF did not show any significant removal capacity for gross alpha, gross beta or uranium activities. RO was better at reducing the radiological parameters studied and this treatment was selected and applied at the full scale treatment plant. The RO treatment used at the SJD WTP reduced the concentration of both gross alpha and gross beta activities and also produced water of high quality with an average removal of 95% for gross alpha activity and almost 93% for gross beta activity at the treatment plant.

M. Montaña; A. Camacho; I. Serrano; R. Devesa; L. Matia; I. Vallés

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Electrochemical Flocculation and Chlorination for Domestic Water Supplies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three electrochemical chlorinators were developed, tested and evaluated. The first used natural chlorides in the water to produce a chlorine residual; the second and third produced chlorine residuals by electrolysis of brine solution. Brine feed...

Dillion Jr., R. C.; Hiler, E. A.; Peters, J. L.

243

Analysis of 129I in Groundwater Samples: Direct and Quantitative Results below the Drinking Water Standard  

SciTech Connect

Due to its long half-life (15.7 million years) and relatively unencumbered migration in subsurface environments, 129I has been recognized as a contaminant of concern at numerous federal, private, and international facilities. In order to understand the long-term risk associated with 129I at these locations, quantitative analysis of groundwater samples must be performed. However, the ability to quantitatively assess the 129I content in groundwater samples requires specialized extraction and sophisticated analytical techniques, which are complicated and not always available to the general scientific community. This paper highlights an analytical method capable of directly quantifying 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the MCL without the need for sample pre-concentration. Samples were analyzed on a Perkin Elmer ELAN DRC II ICP-MS after minimal dilution using O2 as the reaction gas. Analysis of continuing calibration verification standards indicated that the DRC mode could be used for quantitative analysis of 129I in samples below the drinking water standard (0.0057 ng/ml or 1 pCi/L). The low analytical detection limit of 129I analysis in the DRC mode coupled with minimal sample dilution (1.02x) resulted in a final sample limit of quantification of 0.0051 ng/ml. Subsequent analysis of three groundwater samples containing 129I resulted in fully quantitative results in the DRC mode, and spike recovery analyses performed on all three samples confirmed that the groundwater matrix did not adversely impact the analysis of 129I in the DRC mode. This analytical approach has been proven to be a cost-effective, high-throughput technique for the direct, quantitative analysis of 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the current MCL.

Brown, Christopher F.; Geiszler, Keith N.; Lindberg, Michael J.

2007-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

244

Water resources: sustainable water supply management and basin wide modelling Internationally it has been recognized that the most important challenge to ensuring sustainable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water resources: sustainable water supply management and basin wide modelling Internationally it has been recognized that the most important challenge to ensuring sustainable water use is implementing integrated water resources management (IWRM). It provides the best framework for balancing

Barthelat, Francois

245

Increased salinization of fresh water in the northeastern United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Term Ecological Research (LTER) project. Samples were collected weekly...sampling stations for tributaries to Liberty Reservoir, a drinking water supply...program in Water and Watersheds (Project No. GAD-R825792), and the A...

Sujay S. Kaushal; Peter M. Groffman; Gene E. Likens; Kenneth T. Belt; William P. Stack; Victoria R. Kelly; Lawrence E. Band; Gary T. Fisher

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Oklahoma Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

drinking water treatment plants. Occurrence of Pharmaceuticals, Hormones, and other Organic Wastewater Resources Board. Decision Support System for Long Term Planning of Rural and Urban Water Supply Systems Cost

247

Modeling integrated water user decisions in intermittent supply systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

elasticity of demand rather than the customer behaviors that drive responses. At times, price, simultaneity of billed residential water use in Amman, Jordan. Parametric analyses suggest economic and demand responses to increased availability and alternative pricing. It also suggests potential market penetration

Pasternack, Gregory B.

248

THE USE OF COPPER IN THE PURIFICATION OF WATER SUPPLIES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...or the amount of copper used to destroy algea and bacteria in the laboratory, is considerably...bodies of water is in the use of keros:ene oil. This, however, has the objection of...in small amounts for the destruction of algea, and for removing the offensive odor and...

George T. Moore; Henry Kraemer; Mary E. Pennington; Alfred M. Quick; C. L. Marlatt; H. W. Wiley; M. O. Leighton; A. H. Doty

1905-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

Endogenous Nitrosation in Relation to Nitrate Exposure from Drinking Water and Diet in a Danish Rural Population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nitrosocompounds were detected with a Thermal Energy Analyser model 502 using a pyrolyzer temperature...nitrosation in three groups of individuals with household water-supplies with 0.3, 46.5...low-risk areas for stomach cancer in Northern Japan. IARC Scientific Publications, 84...

Henrik Møller; Jannik Landt; Erling Pedersen; Per Jensen; Herman Autrup; and Ole Møller Jensen

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Hydrogen production from inexhaustible supplies of fresh and salt water using microbial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen production from inexhaustible supplies of fresh and salt water using microbial reverse-electrodialysis, containing exoelectrogenic bacteria, and a cathode, forming a microbial reverse-electrodialysis electrolysis overpotential, while the reverse electrodialysis stack contributed 0.5­0.6 V at a salinity ratio (seawater

251

Painter Greenhouse Guidelines Contact: All emails regarding facilities, facilities equipment, supplies at facilities, or watering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Greenhouse is unheated and un-air- conditioned. There is no supplemental lighting at this time. AdditionalPainter Greenhouse Guidelines Contact: All emails regarding facilities, facilities equipment, supplies at facilities, or watering concerns to both the greenhouse manager, Shane Merrell

252

Evaluation of factors affecting the membrane filter technique for testing drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...processing of water samples, approximately...buffered dilution water, and these were...Because ofthe heat sensitivity of...in a boiling water bath. After...method gave higher recovery or was positive...and public swimming pools. Public water...

S C Hsu; T J Williams

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Simulation of Cooperative Water Supply and Flood Operations for Two Parallel Reservoirs on the Feather and Yuba Rivers, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-i- Simulation of Cooperative Water Supply and Flood Operations for Two Parallel Reservoirs: _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ Committee in Charge 2003 #12;-ii- Simulation of Cooperative Water Supply and Flood Operations for Two probabilistic-based synthetic flood events in HEC-ResSim. Simulation results were evaluated using indicators

Lund, Jay R.

254

Some Economic Effects of Adjusting to a Changing Water Supply, Texas High Plains.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. the following categories. Shifting from butane (L. P. gas) to natural gas Areas not particularly affected by water-lev4 for pump engine fuel is another significant eco- decline include about 194,000 acres, or 5.4 percr:!:: nomic adjustment... the decline in water level and decI:rs- from butane to natural gas for pumping fuel. induced adjustments have seriously depietd ::x Elimination or of transmission losses water supply, sharply increased the investms:: :r pcrrticulcrrly has had a effect...

Hughes, William F.; Magee, A. C.

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Water Supply Challenges in Cities as a Result of Urbanization: Analyzing the Hurdles of Achieving Universal Water Access in Kampala  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Interviewed by Greg Felter [in person] Ampthill, UK, 5 June. Cross, P. and Morel, A. n.d.. Pro-Poor Strategies for Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Services Delivery in Africa. [report] Nairobi: The World Bank, pp. 1-8 Dimanin, P. 2012. Exploring... Corporation (NWSC) (Alabaster, 2013). 1.1. Water Access Goals Improving Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) facilities is a critical goal of the UN, which created the target to halve the overall proportion of people without sustainable access to safe...

Felter, Greg

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

256

Causes of Outbreaks Associated with Drinking Water in the United States from 1971 to 2006  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...weighted more heavily than water quality data. Outbreaks without water...E., is an environmental engineer in the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion at the Centers for...is a licensed professional engineer and provides outbreak support...

Gunther F. Craun; Joan M. Brunkard; Jonathan S. Yoder; Virginia A. Roberts; Joe Carpenter; Tim Wade; Rebecca L. Calderon; Jacquelin M. Roberts; Michael J. Beach; Sharon L. Roy

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Distribution of uranium in drinking water and associated age-dependent radiation dose in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......uranium in Argentina bottled mineral waters. Radiat. Prot. Dosim (1996...exposure to natural uranium in well water. J. Environ. Radioact (2002...Identification, investigation and remediation of ground water containing elevated levels of......

S. K. Sahoo; S. Mohapatra; A. Chakrabarty; C. G. Sumesh; V. N. Jha; R. M. Tripathi; V. D. Puranik

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Study on the LWT control schemes of a heat pump for hot water supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heat pump systems have been widely used in buildings and industries due to their high performance. In this study, a leaving water temperature control scheme has been proposed for a water-to-water heat pump for hot water supply. The study was focused on the following four schemes: (1) using an auxiliary electric heater, (2) varying compressor speed, (3) adjusting water flow rate, and (4) adding heat to the secondary fluid flow of the heat source. With schemes (2) and (3), the system showed higher performance than other schemes. However, scheme (2) could not attain the appropriate LWT at low EWT heat source conditions. For all EWT conditions, using schemes (3) and (4) enabled the system to reach an appropriate LWT. Scheme (4) can be adopted as the best technology to control LWT, because it is not easy to vary flow rate of the secondary fluid as in scheme (3).

Jong Min Choi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Risk Management Analysis of Our Water Infrastructure's Soft, Chewy Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National security has become a growing concern since the terrorist attacks on the United States in September of 2001. A safe public drinking water supply has undoubtedly always been considered a priority nationwide. Now, ...

Wolff, Mark

2005-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

260

A review on sources, toxicity and remediation technologies for removing arsenic from drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Arsenic is a natural element found in the environment in organic and inorganic forms. The inorganic form is much more toxic and is found in ground water, surface water and many foods. This form is responsible ...

Ankita Basu; Debabrata Saha; Rumpa Saha; Tuhin Ghosh…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Factors Influencing Numbers of Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, and Other Mycobacteria in Drinking Water Distribution Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ground), assimilable organic carbon (AOC) levels (high, moderate, and low...Source water Disinfectant type (pre/post) AOC Raw water NTU Level mug/liter (mean SD...and total organic carbon levels (). AOC () and biodegradable organic carbon (BDOC...

Joseph O. Falkinham III; Cheryl D. Norton; Mark W. LeChevallier

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Assessment of age-dependent uranium intake due to drinking water in Hyderabad, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......leaching from natural deposits, combustion of coal and other fuels and the use of...species of radio elements from coal-fired plants. Health Phys. (1986...Ultraviolet Rays Uranium analysis Water chemistry Water Pollutants, Radioactive......

A. Y. Balbudhe; S. K. Srivastava; K. Vishwaprasad; G. K. Srivastava; R. M. Tripathi; V. D. Puranik

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Nutritional versatility and growth kinetics of an Aeromonas hydrophila strain isolated from drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tion about the behavior of these organisms...water by using rapid sand filtration, slow sand filtration, and...water after rapid sand filtration. The...exponential growth phase. Only those colony...mixture), 18 carbo- hydrates and (poly) alcohols...

D van der Kooij; W A Hijnen

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Use of Orange Peel Waste for Arsenic Remediation of Drinking Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Arsenic is a toxic element and is found in natural waters throughout the globe. The purpose of present study is to demonstrate the As (V) uptake by orange peel from real ground water samples through adsorption...

Mazhar I. Khaskheli; Saima Q. Memon; Ali N. Siyal…

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

2.1 What Does Life Water on Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 2.1 What Does Life Require? Water Water on Earth Can exist in all 3 physical states Liquid Solid Gas Not all animals must drink liquid water. Can get water from food. Can get water through metabolism of glucose. Water on Earth Source % of Supply Oceans 97.08 Ice Sheets and Glaciers 1.99 Ground

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

266

Occurrence and Potential Human-Health Relevance of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water from Domestic Wells in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Occurrence and Potential Human-Health Relevance of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water from Domestic Wells in the United States *Barbara L. Rowe1 , Patricia L. Toccalino2 , Michael J. Moran1 , John S. Zogorski1 , Curtis V. Price1 1 United States Geological Survey, Road, Rapid City, SD 57702 USA

267

Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar disinfection (SODIS), and UV disinfection are promising alternative approaches to meeting the urgent water quality needs of rural Mexico.

Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Eau Canada: The Future of Canada's Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water, and especially drinking water, in Canada. The editor,near Quebec City, where drinking water was contaminated over

Laberge, Yves

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Fouling mitigation in coagulation microfiltration hybrid system for drinking water treatment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Coagulation combined with microfiltration has been receiving a great attention and has been evolving in recent years as an alternative for surface water treatment. There… (more)

Sadreddini, Sara

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Demand-Supply Optimization with Risk Management for a Multi-Connection Water Reservoir Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a framework to solve a demand-supply optimization problem of long-term water resource allocation on a multi-connection reservoir network which, in two aspects, is different to the problem considered in previous works. First, while all previous works consider a problem where each reservoir can transfer water to only one fixed reservoir, we consider a multi-connection network being constructed in Thailand in which each reservoir can transfer water to many reservoirs in one period of time. Second, a demand-supply plan considered here is static, in contrast to a dynamic policy considered in previous works. Moreover, in order to efficiently develop a long-term static plan, a severe loss (a risk) is taken into account, i.e. a risk occurs if the real amount of water stored in each reservoir in each time period is less than what planned by the optimizer. The multi-connection function and the risk make the problem rather complex such that traditional stochastic dynamic programming and determi...

Chatpatanasiri, Ratthachat

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

What’s in Your Water?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Levels of Sulfate in Drinking Water Study. Centers forout  that  their  drinking  water  wells  contained  TCE  cleanup  the  town’s   drinking  water,  which  is  still  

Polasko, Alexandra

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Abstract 823: Water-soluble ureidomustine (BO-1055) potently suppresses orthotopic 22Rv/HL2 prostate tumor xenografts: early preclinical studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nitrate and nitrite, nitrate in drinking water, and ovarian cancer risk among postmenopausal...and nitrate is a contaminant of drinking water. We previously reported an increased ovarian...associated with higher nitrate intake in public water supplies in the Iowa Womens Health Study...

Tsann-Long Su; Yi-Ren Chen; Jae-Hung Shieh; Tung-Hu Tsai; Malcolm A.S. Moore; Te-Chang Lee

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Treatment of drinking water to improve its sanitary or bacteriological quality is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000 gallons), such an approach can be wasteful, increasing energy costs for the well pump to refill the tank Chlorine Amounts To sanitize water properly, enough chlorine needs to be added to a storage tank to reach bacteria have been properly destroyed by the sanitation process, submit water samples from a faucet served

274

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Fungi, and Opportunistic Pathogens in Unchlorinated Drinking Water in the Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plumbing systems. Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and/or total organic carbon (TOC) had...pneumophila was detected more often in water with AOC concentrations above 10 mug C liter1 than in water with AOC levels below 5 mug C liter1. Finally, samples...

Paul W. J. J. van der Wielen; Dick van der Kooij

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

275

Nathan Bryant Clean drinking water is a major concern throughout the world. In  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the bacteria, but it is time consuming and requires thermal energy. Ceramic filters are a cost effective way the water through the ceramic. This pumping also provides a back-flush of purified water to self ­ $8 #12;Ceramic filters in Cambodia http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lPvHtj RvWFM #12;High-tech Ceramic

Mukhopadhyay, Sharmila M.

276

Water constraints on European power supply under climate change: impacts on electricity prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent warm, dry summers showed the vulnerability of the European power sector to low water availability and high river temperatures. Climate change is likely to impact electricity supply, in terms of both water availability for hydropower generation and cooling water usage for thermoelectric power production. Here, we show the impacts of climate change and changes in water availability and water temperature on European electricity production and prices. Using simulations of daily river flows and water temperatures under future climate (2031–2060) in power production models, we show declines in both thermoelectric and hydropower generating potential for most parts of Europe, except for the most northern countries. Based on changes in power production potentials, we assess the cost-optimal use of power plants for each European country by taking electricity import and export constraints into account. Higher wholesale prices are projected on a mean annual basis for most European countries (except for Sweden and Norway), with strongest increases for Slovenia (12–15%), Bulgaria (21–23%) and Romania (31–32% for 2031–2060), where limitations in water availability mainly affect power plants with low production costs. Considering the long design life of power plant infrastructures, short-term adaptation strategies are highly recommended to prevent undesired distributional and allocative effects.

Michelle T H van Vliet; Stefan Vögele; Dirk Rübbelke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

A study of the factors affecting the sustainability of community managed rural water supply schemes in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disparities in water supply coverage in urban and rural areas are high in developing countries, with rural coverage being much lower. The inability of governments to provide the service because of resource constraints, and ...

Amerasinghe, Nishanthi Manjula

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

A novel method of hydrogen generation by water electrolysis using an ultra-short-pulse power supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel method of hydrogen generation by water electrolysis using ultra-short-pulse power supply is ... pulse with the width of 300 ns, electrolysis takes place with a mechanism dominated by ... from the conventi...

Naohiro Shimizu; Souzaburo Hotta; Takayuki Sekiya…

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Evaluation and simplification of the assimilable organic carbon nutrient bioassay for bacterial growth in drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A modified assimilable organic carbon (AOC) bioassay is proposed. We evaluated all aspects of the AOC bioassay technique, including inoculum...raw waters need to be filtered prior to an AOC analysis. Glass fiber filters used with either...

L A Kaplan; T L Bott; D J Reasoner

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Bacterial Colonization of Pellet Softening Reactors Used during Drinking Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pellets, while assimilable organic carbon (AOC), dissolved organic carbon, and flow...These organisms removed as much as 60 of AOC from the water during treatment, thus contributing...Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and AOC. The concentration of assimilable organic...

Frederik Hammes; Nico Boon; Marius Vital; Petra Ross; Aleksandra Magic-Knezev; Marco Dignum

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

TEEX tackles toxins: TEEX develops ECLOX protocols to detect toxins in drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Story by Leslie Jordan tx H2O | pg. 8 Thanks to the Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX), utilities personnel across Texas can monitor water safety and quality using a highly effective machine? ECLOX?that was once shelved...

Jordan, Leslie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Electrodialysis, powered by solar panels, could provide drinking water for villages in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Off-grid communities in India with salty groundwater could obtain potable water by using electrodialysis, powered by solar panels, shows a study conducted by researchers in the USA at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2011 ) Natural gas: Should fracking stop? Nature 477 ( 7364...Formation brine to shallow aquifers in Pennsylvania . Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 109 ( 30...hydraulically fractured shale to aquifers . Ground Water 50...constitute the two primary aquifer li- thologies in northeastern...

Robert B. Jackson; Avner Vengosh; Thomas H. Darrah; Nathaniel R. Warner; Adrian Down; Robert J. Poreda; Stephen G. Osborn; Kaiguang Zhao; Jonathan D. Karr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Assessment of age-dependent uranium intake due to drinking water in Hyderabad, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......60 microg d1. The mean daily uranium intake through tap water, which...Dr A. K. Ghosh, Director, Health, Safety and Environment Group...colleagues. REFERENCES 1 US DOE. Depleted Uranium. Human Health Fact Sheet (2001) ANL. 2 Essien......

A. Y. Balbudhe; S. K. Srivastava; K. Vishwaprasad; G. K. Srivastava; R. M. Tripathi; V. D. Puranik

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Naturally-Occurring Radionuclides In Drinking Water From Surface And Groundwater Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Radioactivity in water for human consumption is under closer scrutiny than ever before and many countries adopted guideline values based on total alpha and total beta activity measurements. Although most waters from surface circulation meet these guidelines, it is frequently found that groundwater exceed guideline values. Results of water analyses by alpha spectrometry clarified that the main radionuclides present are from the uranium decay series, such as uranium isotopes, radium ({sup 226}Ra), radon ({sup 222}Rn), and also {sup 210}Pb and {sup 210}Po. Occasionally, groundwater displayed {sup 226}Ra concentrations higher than 1 Bq L{sup -1} and {sup 222}Rn concentrations above 1000 Bq L{sup -1}. Nevertheless, lack of conformity of these waters with guidelines adopted, generally, is not due to anthropogenic inputs.

Carvalho, F. P.; Madruga, M. J.; Oliveira, J. M.; Lopes, I.; Ferrador, G.; Sequeira, M. M. [Nuclear and Technological Institute (ITN) Department of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety E.N. 10, 2686-953 Sacavem (Portugal)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

286

A Better Drop to Drink | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Better Drop to Drink A Better Drop to Drink Method for creating nanoparticle heavy-metal sorbents saves water--literally Using magnetic sorbent materials to overcome limitations...

287

Investigation of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and bacterial regrowth in drinking water distribution system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigated the variation of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) concentrations in water from several typical water treatment plants and distribution systems in a northern city of China. It is concluded from this study that: (1) The AOC in most of the product water of the studied water treatment plants and the water from the associated distribution systems could not meet the biostability criteria of 50–100 ?g/L. (2) Only 4% of the measured AOC concentrations were less than 100 ?g/L. However, about half of the measured AOC values were less than 200 ?g/L. (3) Better source water quality resulted in lower AOC concentrations. (4) The variation of AOC concentrations in distribution systems was affected by chlorine oxidation and bacterial activity: the former resulted in an increase of AOC value while the latter led to a reduction in AOC. (5) The variation of AOC concentration followed different patterns in different distribution systems or different seasons due to their respective operational characteristics. (6) Less than 30% of AOC could be removed by a conventional treatment process, whereas 30–60% with a maximum of 50–60% could be removed by granular activated carbon (GAC). (7) The observation via scanning electron microscope (SEM) on distribution pipe tubercle samples demonstrated that the pipe inner wall was not smooth and bacteria multiplied in the crevice as well as in the interior wall of distribution pipes.

W Liu; H Wu; Z Wang; S.L Ong; J.Y Hu; W.J Ng

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Culture-Independent Techniques for Rapid Detection of Bacteria Associated with Loss of Chloramine Residual in a Drinking Water System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alternative approaches for rapid investigation of chloraminated drinking...informed decisions regarding remedial action that may be required...I for real-time PCR and investigation of the effect of dye concentration...alternative approaches for rapid investigation of chloraminated drinking...

Daniel Hoefel; Paul T. Monis; Warwick L. Grooby; Stuart Andrews; Christopher P. Saint

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Bacterial Colonization of Pellet Softening Reactors Used during Drinking Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reactor biomass concentrations as high as 220 mg of ATP/m3 of reactor...were removed as a reusable product. High calcium and magnesium concentrations...such as scale deposits in water boilers, a higher demand for detergents in washing...

Frederik Hammes; Nico Boon; Marius Vital; Petra Ross; Aleksandra Magic-Knezev; Marco Dignum

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

290

Bacterial Colonization of Pellet Softening Reactors Used during Drinking Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mM) was mixed with the SYBR Green I working solution at a ratio...fixed wavelength of 488 nm. Green fluorescence was collected at...The trigger was set on the green fluorescence channel, and data...obtained by mixing 50 bottled mineral water and 50 nonchlorinated...

Frederik Hammes; Nico Boon; Marius Vital; Petra Ross; Aleksandra Magic-Knezev; Marco Dignum

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

291

A survey of 222Rn in drinking water in Mexico City  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......cumulative energy of radiation emitted in the...to determine a dose conversion factor. This dose was then translated...water of the Bay of Bengal. J. Environ...Miachking V. I. Estimation of the size of earthquake...Humans Mexico Radiation Monitoring Radon......

C. Vázquez-López; B. E. Zendejas-Leal; J. I. Golzarri; G. Espinosa

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Drinking Water Arsenic in Northern Chile: High Cancer Risks 40 Years after Exposure Cessation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...water and cancer, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer...adjusted for (e.g., diet, radon) is also possible, but there...cam.ac.uk/research/projects/arsenic/symposium/S1...Vol 84. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer...

Craig M. Steinmaus; Catterina Ferreccio; Johanna Acevedo Romo; Yan Yuan; Sandra Cortes; Guillermo Marshall; Lee E. Moore; John R. Balmes; Jane Liaw; Todd Golden; and Allan H. Smith

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

1.5 V battery driven reduced graphene oxide–silver nanostructure coated carbon foam (rGO–Ag–CF) for the purification of drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A porous carbon foam (CF) electrode modified with a reduced graphene oxide–Ag (rGO–Ag) nanocomposite has been fabricated to purify water. It can perform as an antibacterial device by killing pathogenic microbes with the aid of a 1.5 V battery, with very little power consumption. The device is recycled ten times with good performance for long term usage. It is shown that the device may be implemented as a fast water purifier to deactivate the pathogens in drinking water.

Surender Kumar; Somnath Ghosh; N Munichandraiah; H N Vasan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Using Snow Fences to Augument Fresh Water Supplies in Shallow Arctic Lakes  

SciTech Connect

This project was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to address environmental research questions specifically related to Alaska?s oil and gas natural resources development. The focus of this project was on the environmental issues associated with allocation of water resources for construction of ice roads and ice pads. Earlier NETL projects showed that oil and gas exploration activities in the U.S. Arctic require large amounts of water for ice road and ice pad construction. Traditionally, lakes have been the source of freshwater for this purpose. The distinctive hydrological regime of northern lakes, caused by the presence of ice cover and permafrost, exerts influence on lake water availability in winter. Lakes are covered with ice from October to June, and there is often no water recharge of lakes until snowmelt in early June. After snowmelt, water volumes in the lakes decrease throughout the summer, when water loss due to evaporation is considerably greater than water gained from rainfall. This balance switches in August, when air temperature drops, evaporation decreases, and rain (or snow) is more likely to occur. Some of the summer surface storage deficit in the active layer and surface water bodies (lakes, ponds, wetlands) is recharged during this time. However, if the surface storage deficit is not replenished (for example, precipitation in the fall is low and near?surface soils are dry), lake recharge is directly affected, and water availability for the following winter is reduced. In this study, we used snow fences to augment fresh water supplies in shallow arctic lakes despite unfavorable natural conditions. We implemented snow?control practices to enhance snowdrift accumulation (greater snow water equivalent), which led to increased meltwater production and an extended melting season that resulted in lake recharge despite low precipitation during the years of the experiment. For three years (2009, 2010, and 2011), we selected and monitored two lakes with similar hydrological regimes. Both lakes are located 30 miles south of Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, near Franklin Bluffs. One is an experimental lake, where we installed a snow fence; the other is a control lake, where the natural regime was preserved. The general approach was to compare the hydrologic response of the lake to the snowdrift during the summers of 2010 and 2011 against the ?baseline? conditions in 2009. Highlights of the project included new data on snow transport rates on the Alaska North Slope, an evaluation of the experimental lake?s hydrological response to snowdrift melt, and cost assessment of snowdrift?generated water. High snow transport rates (0.49 kg/s/m) ensured that the snowdrift reached its equilibrium profile by winter's end. Generally, natural snowpack disappeared by the beginning of June in this area. In contrast, snow in the drift lasted through early July, supplying the experimental lake with snowmelt when water in other tundra lakes was decreasing. The experimental lake retained elevated water levels during the entire open?water season. Comparison of lake water volumes during the experiment against the baseline year showed that, by the end of summer, the drift generated by the snow fence had increased lake water volume by at least 21?29%. We estimated water cost at 1.9 cents per gallon during the first year and 0.8 cents per gallon during the second year. This estimate depends on the cost of snow fence construction in remote arctic locations, which we assumed to be at $7.66 per square foot of snow fence frontal area. The snow fence technique was effective in augmenting the supply of lake water during summers 2010 and 2011 despite low rainfall during both summers. Snow fences are a simple, yet an effective, way to replenish tundra lakes with freshwater and increase water availability in winter. This research project was synergetic with the NETL project, "North Slope Decision Support System (NSDSS) for Water Resources Planning and Management." The results

Stuefer, Svetlana

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

295

Effect of ozone and granular activated coal (GAC) on the bioactivity of drinking water  

SciTech Connect

In this research, the appearance of easily biodegradable organic material in ozonation and granular activated coal (GAC) filtration was studied. The amount of bioactivity was measured by conventional AOC analyses used in two different modes and also using quite a new growth potential (GP) method. GAC filtration without ozone doubled the amount of AOC of the chemically treated surface water, whereas by ozonation with GAC filtration it was possible to halve the amount of the AOC. The measurement of GP was noticeably simpler than measuring AOC, but for wider use more parallel studies are needed for the comparability of the results of the analysis.

Sallanko, J.; Iivari, P.; Heiska, E. [University of Oulu, Oulu (Finland). Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Laboratory

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUSTAINABILITY OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS: THE CASE OF MECHA WOREDA, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are used: shallow dug wells, spring and deep wells. A survey was carried out with 160 household in 16 waterFACTORS AFFECTING THE SUSTAINABILITY OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS: THE CASE OF MECHA WOREDA, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA A Project Paper Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell

Walter, M.Todd

297

RAINWATER HARVESTING, ALTERNATIVE TO THE WATER SUPPLY IN INDIAN URBAN AREAS: THE CASE OF AHMEDABAD IN GUJARAT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RAINWATER HARVESTING, ALTERNATIVE TO THE WATER SUPPLY IN INDIAN URBAN AREAS: THE CASE OF AHMEDABAD, the rehabilitation of rainwater harvesting structures in the Old city of Ahmedabad suggests the necessity their water requirements. Rainwater harvesting is one of them. It was functioning in the Old city of Ahmedabad

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

298

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash  

SciTech Connect

We describe laboratory and field results of a novel arsenic removal adsorbent called 'Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash' (ARUBA). ARUBA is prepared by coating particles of coal bottom ash, a waste material from coal fired power plants, with iron (hydr)oxide. The coating process is simple and conducted at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Material costs for ARUBA are estimated to be low (~;;$0.08 per kg) and arsenic remediation with ARUBA has the potential to be affordable to resource-constrained communities. ARUBA is used for removing arsenic via a dispersal-and-removal process, and we envision that ARUBA would be used in community-scale water treatment centers. We show that ARUBA is able to reduce arsenic concentrations in contaminated Bangladesh groundwater to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Using the Langmuir isotherm (R2 = 0.77) ARUBA's adsorption capacity in treating real groundwater is 2.6x10-6 mol/g (0.20 mg/g). Time-to-90percent (defined as the time interval for ARUBA to remove 90percent of the total amount of arsenic that is removed at equilibrium) is less than one hour. Reaction rates (pseudo-second-order kinetic model, R2>_ 0.99) increase from 2.4x105 to 7.2x105 g mol-1 min-1 as the groundwater arsenic concentration decreases from 560 to 170 ppb. We show that ARUBA's arsenic adsorption density (AAD), defined as the milligrams of arsenic removed at equilibrium per gram of ARUBA added, is linearly dependent on the initial arsenic concentration of the groundwater sample, for initial arsenic concentrations of up to 1600 ppb and an ARUBA dose of 4.0 g/L. This makes it easy to determine the amount of ARUBA required to treat a groundwater source when its arsenic concentration is known and less than 1600 ppb. Storing contaminated groundwater for two to three days before treatment is seen to significantly increase ARUBA's AAD. ARUBA can be separated from treated water by coagulation and clarification, which is expected to be less expensive than filtration of micron-scale particles, further contributing to the affordability of a community-scale water treatment center.

MATHIEU, JOHANNA L.; GADGIL, ASHOK J.; ADDY, SUSAN E.A.; KOWOLIK, KRISTIN

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Characterization of Bacterial Community Structure in a Drinking Water Distribution System during an Occurrence of Red Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...red water libraries, we developed...obtained from public databases...four clone libraries of this study...obtained from the public databases...introducing My RDP space and quality controlled public data. Nucleic...metagenomic and PCR libraries from the Delaware...

Dong Li; Zheng Li; Jianwei Yu; Nan Cao; Ruyin Liu; Min Yang

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

300

An evaluation of household drinking water treatment systems in Peru : the table filter and the safe water system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) storage, and education. Tests on the SWSs in Peru demonstrated 99.6% E.coli removal and 95% total coliform removal. Only 30% of the SWSs tested contained water at or above the WHO-recommended concentration of free ...

Coulbert, Brittany, 1981-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

News Release: DOE Announces Riverton Water Sampling Results | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces Riverton Water Sampling Results Announces Riverton Water Sampling Results News Release: DOE Announces Riverton Water Sampling Results May 11, 2012 - 3:25pm Addthis News Contact: Contractor, Judy Miller, S.M. Stoller Corporation Public Affairs (970) 248-6363 jmiller@lm.doe.gov Laboratory results indicate water from the alternative water supply system is safe for residents to drink The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that residential drinking water testing from an alternative water supply system in Riverton, Wyoming, confirmed the water is safe. Results from ater samples collected on May 3, 2012, show that uranium levels at 0.0001 milligrams per liter, well below the drinking water standard set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "We take the issue of potential water contamination very seriously and

302

National radiation exposures and risks caused by implementing EPA`s proposed revised national primary drinking water regulations  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates risks to workers and the public associated with treatment processes and their associated waste products that would be mandated under proposed regulations of radium, radon, and uranium in drinking water. Three scenarios were examined: (1) all wastes flushed to the sanitary sewer; (2) all wastes disposed on land; (3) similar to (2) but radon removal by granulated activated carbon rather than packed tower aeration. Risks considered included accidental injury and cancer. Worker risks for both scenarios I and II were estimated to be 0.025 and 0.01 deaths per year of operation for radium-226 and radium-228, respectively. Worker risks for uranium were estimated to be 0.13 deaths/year of operation for scenario I and 0.5 deaths/year of operation for scenario II. Worker risks for radon removal were estimated to be 1.7 deaths/year of operation for scenario I and 2.2 deaths/year of operation for scenario II. Risks to the public for scenarios I and II for radium-226 were 4 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} and for radium-228 were 9 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} deaths/year of operation. Risks to the public for scenarios I and II for uranium were 7.3 {times} 10{sup {minus}2} and 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}4}, respectively. Risks to the public for scenario I and II for radon were 24 deaths/year of operation and for scenario III were nil. Public risks were quantified only for people exposed during a year of operation. For example, effects of public exposures in future years via groundwater contamination associated with landfill of treatment waste were not considered.

Morris, S.C.; Rowe, M.D.; Holtzman, S.; Meinhold, A.F.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Is My Water Safe? disaster may disrupt the electricity needed to pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Water purification tablets -- These tablets are available at drug stores. Follow the manufacturerIs My Water Safe? A disaster may disrupt the electricity needed to pump water in the home and/or contaminate the water supply. Planning ahead can assure there is enough safe water for drinking, preparing

304

High Levels of Carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Mate Drinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), including...80C) or cold (5C) water. Measurements were...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks. | Drinking...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), including...cold (5 degrees C) water. Measurements were...

Farin Kamangar; Michele M. Schantz; Christian C. Abnet; Renato B. Fagundes; and Sanford M. Dawsey

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Drinking Water Problems: Arsenic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, including industrial and commercial facilities; 7 per- cent of these wells were unused. High arsenic con- centrations that are believed to be naturally occurring have been found in the southern High Plains (Ogallala aquifer), in several West Texas counties... treatment system will remove, its maintenance requirements and its costs. Treatment systems certified by an independent agency such as the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) usually effectively live up to manufacturer?s claims. After well owners install a...

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Dozier, Monty

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

306

Drinking Water Standards (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?s.) Contacte a su proveedor de agua si usted no ha recibido la copia del CCR para su sis- tema de abastecimiento de agua. 3 Si usted usa un pozo privado, ni el gobierno federal ni el estatal regula la calidad de su agua. Como pre- cauci?n m?nima, se recomienda... que analice su agua cada 2 o 3 a?os para detectar si tiene bacterias y nitratos. Tambi?n debe de analizar su agua si un derrame de pesticidas o fertilizantes ocurre cerca de su pozo o si cambia el sabor, olor, claridad o color del agua. Para obtener...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2006-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

307

The waters of Southeastern Wisconsin are vast but vulnerable. We depend on our waters for drinking water, irrigation, industry, transportation, power production,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Understanding our region's water-related issues and future challenges can help us protect clean, abundant water and industry, public health and ecosystem health. Water quality gains more at- tention during summer, when cause illness. The bacteria and other pollutants that affect our water quality come from a variety

Saldin, Dilano

308

RAINWATER HARVESTING, ALTERNATIVE TO THE WATER SUPPLY IN INDIAN URBAN AREAS: THE CASE OF AHMEDABAD IN GUJARAT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RAINWATER HARVESTING, ALTERNATIVE TO THE WATER SUPPLY IN INDIAN URBAN AREAS: THE CASE OF AHMEDABAD, the rehabilitation of rainwater harvesting structures in the Old city of Ahmedabad suggests the necessity in Ahmedabad and more particularly of the rehabilitation of the rainwater harvesting structures still existing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

309

Water Resources Center Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nitrate levels in underground sources of drinking water are a potential health concern, as well, increased understanding of the response of aquatic systems to specific pollutants, #12;identification and protection of key aquifer recharge areas, better managment of water supply and demand (including

310

2011 M&I Water Supply This report provides data on projects operated and maintained by the U. S. Army Corps of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and water supply conservation pool. The Chief of Engineers has discretionary authority to reallocate up to 50,000 acre-feet or 15% of the conservation pool, whichever is less. The 1983 reallocated covered2011 M&I Water Supply Database 2012-R-02 April 2012 #12;This report provides data on projects

US Army Corps of Engineers

311

Evaluation of autotrophic growth of ammonia-oxidizers associated with granular activated carbon used for drinking water purification by DNA-stable isotope probing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nitrification is an important biological function of granular activated carbon (GAC) used in advanced drinking water purification processes. Newly discovered ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) have challenged the traditional understanding of ammonia oxidation, which considered ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) as the sole ammonia-oxidizers. Previous studies demonstrated the predominance of AOA on GAC, but the contributions of AOA and AOB to ammonia oxidation remain unclear. In the present study, DNA-stable isotope probing (DNA-SIP) was used to investigate the autotrophic growth of AOA and AOB associated with GAC at two different ammonium concentrations (0.14 mg N/L and 1.4 mg N/L). GAC samples collected from three full-scale drinking water purification plants in Tokyo, Japan, had different abundance of AOA and AOB. These samples were fed continuously with ammonium and 13C-bicarbonate for 14 days. The DNA-SIP analysis demonstrated that only AOA assimilated 13C-bicarbonate at low ammonium concentration, whereas AOA and AOB exhibited autotrophic growth at high ammonium concentration. This indicates that a lower ammonium concentration is preferable for AOA growth. Since AOA could not grow without ammonium, their autotrophic growth was coupled with ammonia oxidation. Overall, our results point towards an important role of AOA in nitrification in GAC filters treating low concentration of ammonium.

Jia Niu; Ikuro Kasuga; Futoshi Kurisu; Hiroaki Furumai; Takaaki Shigeeda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Water Data Report: An Annotated Bibliography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Protection, Water Resource Management—Drinking WaterEnvironmental Protection, Water Resource Management—Drinking Waterof Environmental Protection, Water Resource Management,

Dunham Whitehead, Camilla; Melody, Moya

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Estimation of radiation doses to members of the public in Italy from intakes of some important naturally occurring radionuclides (238U, 234U, 235U, 226Ra, 228Ra, 224Ra and 210Po) in drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiological quality in some samples of drinking water collected in Italy has been evaluated in the paper. As far as the measured ? or ? radionuclides are concerned, the doses for all the analysed samples of drinking water are in the range of 1.80–36.2 ?Sv yr?1, all being well below the reference level of the committed effective dose (100 ?Sv yr?1) recommended by the WHO. As far as each measured ? or ? radionuclide is concerned, the dose contributions for most of the analysed water samples are in this order: 210Po>228Ra>226Ra>234U>238U>224Ra>235U, and 210Po and 228Ra can yield a significant contribution to the doses from the analysed drinking water samples. As far as the elements are concerned, the dose contributions are 48.0±27.9% from radium, 31.7±23.1% from polonium, and 20.3±14.1% from uranium. The water samples, No. 2, 7, 13, and 15, can lead to a dose of >10 ?Sv yr?1, mainly due to the dose contribution from 210Po and 228Ra, especially water samples No. 2 and 13. The obtained data can provide basic information for consumers and competent authorities regarding the internal exposure risk due to drinking water intake, and can possibly serve as a comparison when evaluating the dose contribution from artificial radionuclides released to the environment as a result of any human practices and accidents in the studied area.

Guogang Jia; Giancarlo Torri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Development of a System for Rapid Detection of Contaminants in Water Supplies Using Magnetic Resonance and Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

To keep the water supply safe and to ensure a swift and accurate response to a water supply contamination event, rapid and robust methods for microbial testing are necessary. Current technologies are complex, lengthy and costly and there is a need for rapid, reliable, and precise approaches that can readily address this fundamental security and safety issue. T2 Biosystems is focused on providing solutions to this problem by making breakthroughs in nanotechnology and biosensor techniques that address the current technical restrictions facing rapid, molecular analysis in complex samples. In order to apply the T2 Biosystems nucleic acid detection procedure to the analysis of nucleic acid targets in unprocessed water samples, Bacillus thuringeinsis was selected as a model organism and local river water was selected as the sample matrix. The initial assay reagent formulation was conceived with a manual magnetic resonance reader, was optimized using a high throughput system, and transferred back to the MR reader for potential field use. The final assay employing the designed and manufactured instruments was capable of detecting 10 CFU/mL of B. thuringiensis directly within the environmental water sample within 90 minutes. Further, discrimination of two closely related species of Bacilli was accomplished using the methods of this project; greater than 3-fold discrimination between B. cereus and B. thuringiensis at a concentrations spanning 10 CFU/mL to 10{sup 5} CFU/mL was observed.

Lowery, Thomas J; Neely, Lori; Chepin, James; Wellman, Parris; Toso, Ken; Murray, Paul; Audeh, Mark; Demas, Vasiliki; Palazzolo, Robert; Min, Michael; Phung, Nu; Blanco, Matt; Raphel, Jordan; O'Neil, Troy

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

315

Mechanistic and kinetic evaluation of organic disinfection by-product and assimilable organic carbon (AOC) formation during the ozonation of drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ozonation of drinking water results in the formation of low molecular weight (LMW) organic by-products. These compounds are easily utilisable by microorganisms and can result in biological instability of the water. In this study, we have combined a novel bioassay for assessment of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) with the detection of selected organic acids, aldehydes and ketones to study organic by-product formation during ozonation. We have investigated the kinetic evolution of LMW compounds as a function of ozone exposure. A substantial fraction of the organic compounds formed immediately upon exposure to ozone and organic acids comprised 60–80% of the newly formed AOC. Based on experiments performed with and without hydroxyl radical scavengers, we concluded that direct ozone reactions were mainly responsible for the formation of small organic compounds. It was also demonstrated that the laboratory-scale experiments are adequate models to describe the formation of LMW organic compounds during ozonation in full-scale treatment of surface water. Thus, the kinetic and mechanistic information gained during the laboratory-scale experiments can be utilised for upscaling to full-scale water treatment plants.

Frederik Hammes; Elisabeth Salhi; Oliver Köster; Hans-Peter Kaiser; Thomas Egli; Urs von Gunten

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Partnering to Save Water  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partnering Partnering to Save Water Phill Consiglio Southern California Edison What We Are Going to Discuss * A Little Bit About Water * The Energy Cost of Water * Water Technologies * What We Have Done * Where We Are Going A Little Bit About Water *The Earth Has A Finite Supply Of Fresh Water. - Water Is Stored In Aquifers, Surface Waters And The Atmosphere - Sometimes Oceans Are Mistaken For Available Water, But The Amount Of Energy Needed To Convert Saline Water To Potable Water Is Prohibitive Today *This Has Created A Water Crisis Due To: - Inadequate Access To Safe Drinking Water For About 884 Million People - Inadequate Access To Water For Sanitation And Waste Disposal For 2.5 Billion People - Groundwater Overdrafting (Excessive Use) Leading To Diminished Agricultural Yields

317

2-3. Generic Approaches Towards Water Quality Monitoring Based on Paleolimnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phosphorus analysis of Lake St-Charles, the principal drinking water supply for Québec City, #12;62 R environmental records for lake and river ecosystems provide a valuable generic tool for water quality management by way of water quality research on three ecosystems in Québec, Canada. Lake St-Augustin is a small lake

Vincent, Warwick F.

318

Hillslope Hydrological Processes in a Costa Rican Rainforest: Water Supply Partitioning Using Isotope Tracers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems in many rural areas. In this study, stable isotope tracing of ?^(18)O and ?D was used to determine the source of water in a stream, and the relative contributions of water budget components (e.g., groundwater, soil water). Samples were collected...

DuMont, Andrea Lyn

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

New demands, new supplies : a national look at the water balance of carbon dioxide capture and sequestration.  

SciTech Connect

Concerns over rising concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have resulted in serious consideration of policies aimed at reduction of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. If large scale abatement efforts are undertaken, one critical tool will be geologic sequestration of CO2 captured from large point sources, specifically coal and natural gas fired power plants. Current CO2 capture technologies exact a substantial energy penalty on the source power plant, which must be offset with make-up power. Water demands increase at the source plant due to added cooling loads. In addition, new water demand is created by water requirements associated with generation of the make-up power. At the sequestration site however, saline water may be extracted to manage CO2 plum migration and pressure build up in the geologic formation. Thus, while CO2 capture creates new water demands, CO2 sequestration has the potential to create new supplies. Some or all of the added demand may be offset by treatment and use of the saline waters extracted from geologic formations during CO2 sequestration. Sandia National Laboratories, with guidance and support from the National Energy Technology Laboratory, is creating a model to evaluate the potential for a combined approach to saline formations, as a sink for CO2 and a source for saline waters that can be treated and beneficially reused to serve power plant water demands. This presentation will focus on the magnitude of added U.S. power plant water demand under different CO2 emissions reduction scenarios, and the portion of added demand that might be offset by saline waters extracted during the CO2 sequestration process.

Krumhansl, James Lee; McNemar, Andrea (National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Morgantown, WV); Kobos, Peter Holmes; Roach, Jesse Dillon; Klise, Geoffrey Taylor

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Water use and supply concerns for utility-scale solar projects in the Southwestern United States.  

SciTech Connect

As large utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) facilities are currently being built and planned for locations in the U.S. with the greatest solar resource potential, an understanding of water use for construction and operations is needed as siting tends to target locations with low natural rainfall and where most existing freshwater is already appropriated. Using methods outlined by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to determine water used in designated solar energy zones (SEZs) for construction and operations & maintenance, an estimate of water used over the lifetime at the solar power plant is determined and applied to each watershed in six Southwestern states. Results indicate that that PV systems overall use little water, though construction usage is high compared to O&M water use over the lifetime of the facility. Also noted is a transition being made from wet cooled to dry cooled CSP facilities that will significantly reduce operational water use at these facilities. Using these water use factors, estimates of future water demand for current and planned solar development was made. In efforts to determine where water could be a limiting factor in solar energy development, water availability, cost, and projected future competing demands were mapped for the six Southwestern states. Ten watersheds, 9 in California, and one in New Mexico were identified as being of particular concern because of limited water availability.

Klise, Geoffrey Taylor; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Reno, Marissa Devan; Moreland, Barbara D.; Zemlick, Katie M.; Macknick, Jordan [National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, CO] [National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, CO

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

EPA Final Ground Water Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Nuclear Safety and Environment Information Brief HS-20-IB-2007-02 (March 2007) EPA Final Ground Water Rule Safe Drinking Water Act: National Primary Drinking Water Regulations Ground Water Rule - 40 CFR Parts 9, 141 and 142 Final Rule: 71 FR 65574 Effective Date: January 8, 2007 1 RULE SYNOPSIS On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in public water systems (PWSs) that use ground water sources for their supply (these systems are known as ground water systems). This Rule establishes a risk-targeted approach

322

Spatially-explicit impacts of carbon capture and sequestration on water supply and demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characteristics  of  power   plants  and  cooling  water  at CCS sites for power plant cooling. Presented at 10thused directly for power plant cooling without desalination (

Sathre, Roger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...environmental costs and benefits of fracking . Annu Rev Environ Resour...SL ( 2014 ) Water resource impacts during unconventional shale gas development: The...the Nicholas School of the Environment. The authors declare no conflict...in marine and fresh-water environments- CO2 reduction vs acetate...

Thomas H. Darrah; Avner Vengosh; Robert B. Jackson; Nathaniel R. Warner; Robert J. Poreda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Issues of water supply and contemporary urban society: the case of Greater Amman, Jordan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...food! On the day that water is delivered, balconies...are actively irrigated, cars are washed and domestic...ages, access to, and power over, water as a daily resource remains...and practices of social power within the community as...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Progressive development of water resources in the Middle East for sustainable water supply in a period of climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and desalination of seawater. climate change|desertification...dependent on short-term storage of water in cisterns...effluents, desalinated seawater and brackish groundwater...integrated projects of seawater and brackish groundwater...plants. The subsurface storage of desalinized water...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Integrated assessment of Hadley Centre (HadCM2) climate change projections on agricultural productivity and irrigation water supply in the conterminous United States: I. Climate change scenarios and impacts on irrigation water supply simulated with the HUMUS model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In response to a congressional mandate, the US Global Change Research Program organized a National Assessment of Climate Change focusing on geographic regions (e.g. Alaska, Great Plains) and sectors (e.g. public health, agriculture, water resources). This paper describes methodology and results of a study by researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory contributing to the water sector analysis. The subsequent paper makes use of the water supply results to estimate the climate change impacts on irrigated agriculture. The vulnerability of water resources in the conterminous US to climate changes in 10-year periods centered on 2030 and 2095 as projected by the Hadley/United Kingdom Meteorological Office (UKMO) general circulation model (GCM; HadCM2) were modeled using the Hydrologic Unit Model for the United States (HUMUS). HUMUS, a biophysically based hydrology model, consists of a Geographical Information System (GIS) that provides data on soils, land use and climate to drive the Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). The modeling was done at the scale of the eight-digit United States Geological Survey (USGS) Hydrologic Unit Area (HUA) of which there are 2101 in the conterminous US. Results are aggregated to the four- and two-digit (major water resource region, MWRR) scales for various purposes. Daily records of maximum/minimum temperature and precipitation (PPT) from 1961 to 1990 provided the baseline climate. Water yields (WY), used as a measure of water supply for irrigation, increases from the 1961–1990 baseline period over most of the US in 2030 and 2095. In 2030, WY increases in the western US and decreases in the central and southeast regions. Notably, WY increases by 139 mm (35%) from baseline in the Pacific Northwest. Driven by higher temperatures and reduced precipitation, WY is projected to decrease in the Lower Mississippi and Texas Gulf basins. The HadCM2 (2095) scenario projects a climate significantly wetter than baseline, resulting in water yield increases of 38% on average. Water yield increases are projected to be significant throughout the eastern US—39% in the Ohio basin, for example. Water yields increase significantly in the western US, as well—57 and 76% in the Upper and Lower Colorado, respectively. Climate change also affects the seasonality of the hydrologic cycle. Early snowmelt is induced in western basins, leading to dramatically increased water yields in late winter and early spring. The simulations were run at current (365 ppm) and elevated (560 ppm) atmospheric CO2 concentrations [CO2] to account for the potential impacts of the ‘CO2-fertilization’ effect. The effects of climate change scenario were considerably greater than those due to elevated [CO2] but the latter, overall, decreased losses and augmented increases in water yield.

Norman J Rosenberg; Robert A Brown; R.Cesar Izaurralde; Allison M Thomson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Uranium-238 and thorium-232 series concentrations in soil, radon-222 indoor and drinking water concentrations and dose assessment in the city of Aldama, Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-resolution gamma spectrometry was used to determine the concentration of 40K, 238U and 232Th series in soil samples taken from areas surrounding the city of Aldama, in Chihuahua. Results of indoor air short-time sampling, with diffusion barrier charcoal detectors, revealed relatively high indoor radon levels, ranging from 29 to 422 Bq/m3; the radon concentrations detected exceeded 148 Bq/m3 in 76% of the homes tested. Additionally, liquid scintillation counting showed concentrations of radon in drinking water ranging from 4.3 to 42 kBq/m3. The high activity of 238U in soil found in some places may be a result of the uranium milling process performed 20 years ago in the area. High radon concentrations indoor and in water may be explained by assuming the presence of uranium-bearing rocks underneath of the city, similar to a felsic dike located near Aldama. The estimated annual effective dose of gamma radiation from the soil and radon inhalation was 3.83 mSv.

L. Colmenero Sujo; M.E. Montero Cabrera; L. Villalba; M. Rentería Villalobos; E. Torres Moye; M. García León; R. García-Tenorio; F. Mireles García; E.F. Herrera Peraza; D. Sánchez Aroche

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...United States . Environ Sci Technol 48 ( 15 ): 8334 – 8348 . 11 Jackson RB ( 2014 ) The environmental costs and benefits of fracking . Annu Rev Environ Resour , 10.1146/annurev-environ-031113-144051 . 12 Brantley SL ( 2014 ) Water resource impacts...

Thomas H. Darrah; Avner Vengosh; Robert B. Jackson; Nathaniel R. Warner; Robert J. Poreda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Spatially-explicit impacts of carbon capture and sequestration on water supply and demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Brine for CCS. Presented at NETL CO 2 Storage and WaterLaboratory, Golden, CO. NETL (National Energy TechnologyLaboratory, Morgantown, WV. DOE/NETL Report 400/2008/1339.

Sathre, Roger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Opportunities and Experiences in Implementing the Recycling Methods for Industrial Water Supply in Bulgaria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, the importance of recycling of industrial wastewater in general and in Bulgaria is explained. The necessary preconditions for water recycling, i.e. environmental, technical and economical ... The...

Plamen Stoychev

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

A Changing Framework for Urban Water Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

? Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States ... Although many challenges remain with regard to environmental impacts, desalination is now considered a viable option for urban water supply, particularly in situations where either climate change or short-term events (e.g., catastrophic floods) compromise water quantity and quality. ... Stormwater harvesting couples flood control and urban runoff management with urban water supply by capturing runoff and recharging it to drinking water aquifers or by reusing stormwater for nonpotable uses. ...

Janet G. Hering; T. David Waite; Richard G. Luthy; Jörg E. Drewes; David L. Sedlak

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

332

Solid-Phase Extraction Combined with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography?Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization?Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Pesticides in Water:? Method Performance and Application in a Reconnaissance Survey of Residues in Drinking Water in Greater Cairo, Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid-Phase Extraction Combined with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography?Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization?Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Pesticides in Water:? Method Performance and Application in a Reconnaissance Survey of Residues in Drinking Water in Greater Cairo, Egypt ... Each shipment, which included 24 cartridges, weighed <454 g and cost approximately 200 Egyptian pounds ($40 U.S.). ...

Thomas L. Potter; Mahmoud A. Mohamed; Hannah Ali

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

333

Keep Pesticides Out of Texas Water Supplies: Best Management Practices to Prevent Pesticide Contamination of Water Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the risk of water pollution because it increases the potential for adsorption. It also supports higher populations of microorganisms that can break down the pesticides. Topography, soil structure, soil surface ? condition, and soil moisture affect... Dilution, dispersion and transport in atmosphere Figure. 1 Some of the ways pesticides may disperse and break down in the environment. ...

Porter, Dana

2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

334

Reckoning with risk: a rhetorical analysis of the social construction of risk associated with Texas drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these recommendations to improve the risk communication process and the construction of risk messages, utilizing communication strategies that are acceptable to a democratic society. The following discussion about risks related to water use illustrates how the risk... only. Cultural input from this perspective has been characterized as "deviant but comprehensible" (304). Only if risk communicators can accept that "two inconsistent decisions can be rational and consistent on independent criteria" will this deviant...

Friedrich, Cynthia Juanita Matthes

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

335

Evaluation of hybrid polymer containing iron oxides as As(III) and As(V) sorbent for drinking water purification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objective of this paper was to evaluate the possibility of utilization of a novel hybrid polymer containing iron oxides as an arsenate and arsenite sorbent in water treatment. This material was primarily obtained as a by-product in the water de-ironing process by means of N-chlorosulfonamide polymers. The sorption properties of the hybrid polymer, including pH and coexisting ions’ influence on arsenic removal efficiency, were examined using kinetic and equilibrium experiments in a batch regime. In the column process, conducted with As-spiked natural water containing both As(III) and As(V), the breakthrough of the sorbent bed occurred after the solution amounting to about 4800 bed volumes passed through the column. The regeneration and re-use of the sorbent with NaOH and NaCl solution was also studied, indicating the possibility of repeated use of the sorbent with only a slight decrease in its sorptive properties for four cycles.

Daniel Oci?ski; Irena Jacukowicz-Sobala; Jerzy Raczyk; El?bieta Kocio?ek-Balawejder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Technical review and evaluation of the economics of water desalination: Current and future challenges for better water supply sustainability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Desalination capacity has rapidly increased in the last decade because of the increase in water demand and a significant reduction in desalination cost as a result of significant technological advances, especially in the reverse osmosis process. The cost of desalinated seawater has fallen below US$0.50/m3 for a large scale seawater reverse osmosis plant at a specific location and conditions while in other locations the cost is 50% higher (US$1.00/m3) for a similar facility. In addition to capital and operating costs, other parameters such as local incentives or subsidies may also contribute to the large difference in desalted water cost between regions and facilities. Plant suppliers and consultants have their own cost calculation methodologies, but they are confidential and provide water costs with different accuracies. The few existing costing methodologies and software packages such as WTCost© and DEEP provide an estimated cost with different accuracies and their applications are limited to specific conditions. Most of the available cost estimation tools are of the black box type, which provide few details concerning the parameters and methodologies applied for local conditions. Many desalination plants built recently have greater desalinated water delivery costs caused by special circumstances, such as plant remediation or upgrades, local variation in energy costs, and site-specific issues in raw materials costs (e.g., tariffs and transportation). Therefore, the availability of a more transparent and unique methodology for estimating the cost will help in selecting an appropriate desalination technology suitable for specific locations with consideration of all the parameters influencing the cost. A techno-economic evaluation and review of the costing aspects and the main parameters influencing the total water cost produced by different desalination technologies are herein presented in detail. Some recent developments, such as the increase of unit capacity, improvements in process design and materials, and the use of hybrid systems have contributed to cost reduction as well as reduction in energy consumption. The development of new and emerging low-energy desalination technologies, such as adsorption desalination, will have an impact on cost variation estimation in the future.

Noreddine Ghaffour; Thomas M. Missimer; Gary L. Amy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Reuse water nourishes Moody Gardens  

SciTech Connect

Galveston, Texas, a growing city of 65,000 on hot and humid Galveston Island, isn't a likely place for a water-guzzling public garden. Part of the city's source for drinking water is an 800-foot-deep aquifer that has been overpumped so badly land has subsided in some areas. Water use is restricted during drought. With consumption peaking at 26 mgd in summer, Galveston doesn't need further stress on its domestic water supply. So when planning began for Moody Gardens, a $200-million environmental, therapeutic, and educational project, planners decided to reuse treated domestic sewage effluent as irrigation water. In 1986 they hired an Atlanta firm to evaluate the idea, which would ensure that water would always be available for plant watering, even during drought, and that the Gardens would not burden the city's water supply.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The effects of wavelength, metals, and reactive oxygen species on the sunlight inactivation of microorganisms: observations and applications to the solar disinfection of drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cases (Fisher et al. , 2008; Sinton et al. , 2002b; SommerDavies and Evison, 1991; Sinton et al. , 2002b) and drinkingNZ Mumbai, India (Sinton et al. , 2002b) (Sinton et al. ,

Fisher, Michael Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Optimization Models for Optimal Investment, Drilling, and Water Management in Shale Gas Supply Chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper provides an overview of recent optimization models for shale gas production. We first describe a new mixed-integer optimization model for the design of shale gas infrastructures. It is aimed at optimizing the number of wells to drill, size and location of new gas processing plants, section and length of pipelines for gathering raw gas, delivering dry gas and natural gas liquids, power of gas compressors, and planning of freshwater consumption for well drilling and fracturing. We also describe a detailed operational mixed-integer linear model to optimize life cycle water use for well pads. The objective of the model is to determine the fracturing schedule that minimizes costs for freshwater consumption, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal.

Ignacio E. Grossmann; Diego C. Cafaro; Linlin Yang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The environmental chemistry track for Youth Slam 2009 is focused on the World Water Crisis. Did you know that over one billion people currently lack access to clean drinking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supplies ­ or to remediate the water. The third is to familiarize you with how water samples that have gone through such remediation can be tested to see how effective the technique has been. Finally scientific investigation, and so learning how to conduct such an investigation (with the support of the team

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The combined system for fuel supply of fuel cells on the basis of the aluminum-water hydrogen generator and the metal hybride hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The system for fuel supply of a hydrogen-air fuel cell on the basis of the aluminum-water hydrogen generator and hydride-forming alloy as an intermediate gas storage has been developed. For a series of...4.5 ? x ...

I. V. Yanilkin; Ye. I. Shkol’nikov; S. N. Klyamkin; M. S. Vlaskin…

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Groundwater and surface water supplies in the Williston and Powder River structural basins are necessary for future development in these regions. To help determine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;i Abstract Groundwater and surface water supplies in the Williston and Powder River structural of streams, and quantify reservoir interaction in the Williston and Powder River structural basins the loss to underlying aquifers was 7790 ft3 /s. Both the Powder River and Williston basins contain gaining

Torgersen, Christian

343

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy efficiency integrated into organizational culture.use and organizational goals for energy efficiency. Stafforganizational commitment to continuous improvement of energy efficiency.

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002. United States Industrial Electric Motor Systems MarketEfficiency Alliance, Electric Motor Management. 2001. Motoraccessed March 23, Motors Electric motors represent one of

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

location, price of electricity, and cost of ENERGY STAR andtreatment systems. Electricity costs can compose anywhereBear in mind that electricity costs represent as much as 96

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE), Office of IndustrialSeptember 4, 2010. ) U.S. DOE EERE. Industrial Technologies25, 2011. ) U.S. DOE EERE. 2002. United States Industrial

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determining Electric Motor Load and Efficiency. Among theEnergy Efficiency Alliance, Electric Motor Management. 2001.Energy Efficiency Alliance, Electric Motor Management. 2001.

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy consumed by an incandescent bulb is emitted in thefluorescent (CFL), and incandescent lights typically arelamps in place of incandescent bulbs in most cases; and

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009. Handbook of Energy Audits, Eighth Edition. Associationbent is the Handbook of Energy Audits, Eighth Edition. 2009.Investment Grade Energy Audit. Available at bookstores or:

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEC. 2005a. Variable-Frequency Drive. Fact sheet availabledollars. VFD = variable frequency drive. Sources: * AllianceSpeed Drives and Variable Frequency Drives Site/Company

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a strategic energy management program are depicted inof a strategic energy management program A successful

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Best Practices. Case Study–The Challenge: Improving Ventilation System Energy EfficiencyEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE), Office of Industrial Technologies. 2000. Best PracticesEnergy Efficiency Actions for Plant Personnel96   iii Appendix D: Assessing Energy Management Systems for Best Practices .

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

develop estimates of energy and cost savings for upgradesdevelop estimates of energy and cost savings for upgradescalculate potential energy and cost savings. Target Group:

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Drinking Water Problems: Copper (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

periodo largo de tiempo. Para encontrar una lista de laboratorios aprobados para conducir pruebas de agua en su ?rea, comun?quese con su departamento de salud local o con la oficina de Extensi?n Cooperativa de Texas (TCE) de su condado. ?C?mo debo... concentraciones de cobre de ambas muestras son casi iguales, es probable que el cobre provenga de una fuente fuera de su casa. ?Qu? opciones de manejo est?n disponibles? Si los resultados de su prueba de agua indican que hay cobre presente en el agua potable en...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

355

Drinking Water Problems: Arsenic (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suministros p?blicos de agua. Los pozos de propietarios privados no se regulan, lo que significa que tales propietarios pueden estar con- sumiendo agua con concentraciones de ars?nico que exceden los est?ndares oficiales. Los due?os de pozos privados deben... decidir si hacerle una prueba a su agua de pozo, y despu?s tratarla si es necesario. La prueba de ars?nico cuesta t?picamente cerca de 25 d?lares. Los pozos con niveles altos de ars?nico son agrupados a veces en un ?rea particular, por lo que el Consejo de...

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Dozier, Monty

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

356

Drinking Water Problems: Radionuclides (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materiales, pueden transmitir radion?clidos al agua potable. Con mayor frecuencia se encuentran altos niveles de radion?clidos en el agua subterr?nea (por exemplo, de agua de pozos) que en el agua superficial (tales como lagos y arroyos). Muchos aparatos y... de agua potable, ?ste puede dar una idea de cu?l debe ser el nivel apropiado de un contaminante en los pozos priva- dos para aquellos que utilizan dichas fuentes. Actualmente no existe un MCL para el rad?n. Sin embargo, la EPA est? proponiendo dos...

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Dozier, Monty

2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

357

Drinking Water Problems: Lead (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

agua hay pocas causas para preocuparse porque la ley requiere que los sis- temas p?blicos eliminen cualquier fuente de conta- minaci?n de plomo. Pero si su agua proviene de un pozo privado, quiz?s contenga el plomo suficiente como para justificar una...-04 los pozos privados, la mayor?a de los fabricantes de componentes para pozos cumplen voluntariamente con el l?mite del 8 por ciento. Sin embargo, hay razones para que los due?os de pozos privados se preocupen por la contaminaci?n con plomo. Primero, los...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

358

Drinking Water Problems: Perchlorate (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

usan a gran escala como un componente de los infladores de bolsas de aire para autom?viles. El perclorato fue descubierto en varios sitios de produc- ci?n y en fuentes de agua de pozo y de agua potable en abril, 1997 gracias al desarrollo de un m... Asociada e Ingeniera Agr?cola de Extensi?n, Bruce J. Lesikar, Profesor e Ingeniero Agr?cola de Extensi?n, Extensi?n Cooperativa de Texas, El Sistema Universitario Texas A&M L-5468S 8/07 Figura 1. Distribuci?n de las detecciones de perclorato en pozos de...

Dozier, Monty; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Porter, Dana; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

359

Drinking Water Problems: Nitrates (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Todos los suministros p?blicos de agua deben respetar estos reglamentos. Aunque a los pozos de agua privados no se les requiere cumplir con los Est?ndares Nacionales para el Agua Potable, los propietarios de pozos privados Problemas del del agua potable...- dad de su agua. Al igual que no se les permite a los proveedores p?blicos de agua suministrar agua que exceda el MCL al p?blico, los propietarios de pozos pri- vados no deben utilizar agua que exceda el MCL para el consumo humano. ?C?mo se exponen...

Dozier, Monty; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2006-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

360

Bull World Health Organ 2012;90:228235A |doi:10.2471/BLT.11.094284 Accounting for water quality in monitoring access to safe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

access to safe drinking-water and basic sanitation".1 The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation.2 However, the functioning of the Joint Monitoring Programme-, middle- and high- income countries. Moreover, data comparability between countries was poor since

Bristol, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Fuzzy control model and simulation of supply air system in a test rig of low-temperature hot-water radiator system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a typical multi-variable, large time delay and nonlinear system, self-extracting rules fuzzy control (SERFC) method to maintain a stable temperature value in a built environment chamber with supply air system and hot-water system. The parameters of the transfer functions in every control loop were identified by experimental data in a format of time sequences obtained from the experiment of dynamical responding performance. Fuzzy control simulations were implemented based on adjustment of the supply air system and hot-water system by SERFC. The simulation results show that SERFC for environment chamber has satisfied performance. There is no higher overshoot and stable error. The work presented in here can be used to deal with those complex thermal processes with difficulties in modeling of fuzzy control rules and provide a foundation for further application of fuzzy control in HVAC system.

Zhen Lu; Jili Zhang; Yongpan Chen; Tianyi Zhao; Hui Liu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Mouse inbred strain differences in ethanol drinking to intoxication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mouse inbred strain differences in ethanol drinking to intoxication J. S. Rhodes*, , M. M. Ford , C described a simple procedure, Drinking in the Dark (DID), in which C57BL/6J mice self-administer ethanol to a blood ethanol concentration (BEC) above 1 mg/ml. The test consists of replacing the water with 20

Garland Jr., Theodore

363

A Systems-Integration Approach to the Optimal Design and Operation of Macroscopic Water Desalination and Supply Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the escalating levels of water demand, there is a need for expansion in the capacity of water desalination infrastructure and for better management and distribution of water resources. This dissertation introduces a systems approach...

Atilhan, Selma

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

364

Rapid Detection and Enumeration of Giardia lamblia Cysts in Water Samples by Immunomagnetic Separation and Flow Cytometric Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Drinking Water 0 Sewage 7732-18-5 Water | Aquatic Organisms growth & development immunology isolation & purification Cryptosporidium isolation & purification Drinking Water Flow Cytometry methods Giardia lamblia...

Hans-Anton Keserue; Hans Peter Füchslin; Thomas Egli

2011-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

365

The effects of wavelength, metals, and reactive oxygen species on the sunlight inactivation of microorganisms: observations and applications to the solar disinfection of drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation in Natural-Water Purification. Photochemistry andR.N. (1956) The purification of water on a small scale.

Fisher, Michael Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The effects of wavelength, metals, and reactive oxygen species on the sunlight inactivation of microorganisms: observations and applications to the solar disinfection of drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Solar Water Disinfection, Massachusetts Institute ofSolar Disinfection For Point of Use Water Treatment in Haiti, Massachusetts

Fisher, Michael Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Effects of water chemistry on NF/RO membrane structure and performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1.1. Drinking water…………………………. ……………………. … 1.1.2.concern (CEC’s) in drinking water………… 2.1.1. Classes ofOther Nitrosamines - Drinking Water Issues, in, 2011. [4

Mo, Yibing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Water Wizdom Marsha M. Wright1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in their drinking water. Go to 6 3 What contaminant in drinking water affects mostly babies less than one year old. Lead can be a hazard in drinking water, but #12;does not become airborne if it is present in water. GoSR-IWM-5 Water Wizdom By Marsha M. Wright1 R. Craig Runyan2 1 Soil & Water Conservation Specialist

369

Drinking in Mammals: Functional Morphology, Orosensory Modulation and Motor Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drinking involves the acquisition of an aliquot of liquid, its transport from the front of the oral cavity to the caudal oropharyngeal region and its swallowing. In addition to water intake, it also encompasse...

H. P. Zeigler

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Geologic and hydrologic records of observation wells, test holes, test wells, supply wells, springs, and surface water stations in the Los Alamos area  

SciTech Connect

Hundreds of holes have been drilled into the Pajarito Plateau and surrounding test areas of the Los Alamos National Laboratory since the end of World War II. They range in depth from a few feet to more than 14,000 ft. The holes were drilled to provide geologic, hydrologic, and engineering information related to development of a water supply, to provide data on the likelihood or presence of subsurface contamination from hazardous and nuclear materials, and for engineering design for construction. The data contained in this report provide a basis for further investigations into the consequences of our past, present, and future interactions with the environment.

Purtymun, W.D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM DIFFERENT CARBON SOURCES USING ANAEROBICALLY DIGESTED AND WETOXIDISED MANURE AS NUTRIENT AND WATER SUPPLY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasses, great interest has arisen in production of biofuels. The idea of combining biogas and bioethanol and water in industry is a rather expensive medium. The remaining liquid after the biogas process is waste to pollution of ground waters. Furthermore the biogas process does not kill all pathogens. Anaerobically

372

Cooling Water Issues and Opportunities at U.S. Nuclear Power Plants,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooling Water Issues and Opportunities at U.S. Nuclear Power Cooling Water Issues and Opportunities at U.S. Nuclear Power Plants, December 2010 Cooling Water Issues and Opportunities at U.S. Nuclear Power Plants, December 2010 Energy and water are both essential to sustainable development and economic productivity. Ample supplies of water are essential to energy production, and water management is dependent on ample supplies of energy for water treatment and transportation. The critical nexus between energy and water has been recognized in a variety of recent studies, but the policy and regulatory machinery that this nexus depends on is not keeping up with the growing challenges. Population growth and societal demand for improved quality of life will require more clean water for drinking and sanitation, more water for

373

A comparative appraisal of the use of rainwater harvesting in single and multi-family buildings of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (Spain): social experience, drinking water savings and economic costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many urban areas suffer water scarcity but paradoxically, a local source of water such as rainwater is mostly treated as a risk rather than as a valuable resource. Scepticism regarding the use of rainwater harvesting technologies still prevails today, particularly in low precipitation areas. However, some regions such as the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (MAB) have started to promote the use of rainwater through specific regulations and incentives. This paper aims to examine the use of rainwater harvesting in the two main types of buildings prevalent in the MAB by analysing users’ practices and perceptions, drinking water savings and economic costs. Despite low precipitation inputs and a high variability of precipitation, daily balances show that toilet flushing demand of a single family house can be practically met with a relatively small tank. Rooftop rainwater can also meet more than 60% of the landscape irrigation demand in both single and multi-family buildings. The main drawback is the long pay-back period that rainwater harvesting systems present today. Nevertheless, it is remarkable that in multi-family buildings residents usually take no notice of the costs associated with the system. In contrast, benefits for the whole society are usually much more appreciated. Users’ reactions and their level of satisfaction towards rainwater harvesting systems suggest that both regulations and subsidies are good strategies to advocate and expand rainwater harvesting technologies in residential areas. However, a multidirectional learning environment needs to be promoted to ensure a proper use of rainwater harvesting systems and risk minimisation.

Laia Domènech; David Saurí

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Integrated Assessment of Hadley Centre (HadCM2) Climate Change Projections on Agricultural Productivity and Irrigation Water Supply in the Conterminous United States.I. Climate change scenarios and impacts on irrigation water supply simulated with the HUMUS model.  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes methodology and results of a study by researchers at PNNL contributing to the water sector study of the U.S. National Assessment of Climate Change. The vulnerability of water resources in the conterminous U.S. to climate change in 10-y periods centered on 2030 and 2095--as projected by the HadCM2 general circulation model--was modeled with HUMUS (Hydrologic Unit Model of the U.S.). HUMUS consists of a GIS that provides data on soils, land use and climate to drive the hydrology model Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). The modeling was done at the scale of the 2101 8-digit USGS hydrologic unit areas (HUA). Results are aggregated to the 4-digit and 2-digit (Major Water Resource Region, MWRR) scales for various purposes. Daily records of temperature and precipitation for 1961-1990 provided the baseline climate. Water yields (WY)--sum of surface and subsurface runoff--increases from the baseline period over most of the U.S. in 2030 and 2095. In 2030, WY increases in the western US and decreases in the central and southeast regions. Notably, WY increases by 139 mm from baseline in the Pacific NW. Decreased WY is projected for the Lower Mississippi and Texas Gulf basins, driven by higher temperatures and reduced precipitation. The HadCM2 2095 scenario projects a climate significantly wetter than baseline, resulting in WY increases of 38%. WY increases are projected throughout the eastern U.S. WY also increases in the western U.S. Climate change also affects the seasonality of the hydrologic cycle. Early snowmelt is induced in western basins, leading to dramatically increased WYs in late winter and early spring. The simulations were run at current (365 ppm) and elevated (560 ppm) atmospheric CO2 concentrations to account for the potential impacts of the CO2-fertilization effect. The effects of climate change scenario were considerably greater than those due to elevated CO2 but the latter, overall, decreased losses and augmented increases in water yield.

Rosenberg, Norman J.; Brown, Robert A.; Izaurralde, R Cesar C.; Thomson, Allison M.

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

Survey of blasting effects on ground water supplies in Appalachia. Part 2. Open file report, August 1980-August 1982  

SciTech Connect

This report covers an 18-month study of the performance of a 300-ft-deep test water well located at the Ayrshire Mine of the AMAX Coal Co. near Evansville, IN. Well performance, as characterized by 10-hr drawdown tests, was monitored as the strip mining operation approached the well site from distances of 2,000 to 15 ft (overburden removal). Blast-induced ground motion was measured at the surface next to the test well, and peak particle velocities in excess of 4 in/s were obtained. No evidence of changes in water quantity or quality could be directly attributed to the blasts. However, some lowering of the static water level in the observation well, and a simultaneous increase in the adjusted specific capacity of the test well, suggest that overburden removal caused lateral stress relief with consequent opening of vertical fractures.

Berger, P.R.; Froedge, D.T.; Gould, J.A.; Kreps, L.F.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Critical role for mesoscale eddy diffusion in supplying oxygen to hypoxic ocean waters1 Anand Gnanadesikan*3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the current generation of Earth System Models. Using satellite-based22 estimate of oxygen consumption 1000 m2 /s. Varying Aredi across a suite24 of Earth System Models yields a broadly consistent result with about 1/3 of these waters39 dropping below 10 M (solid black line, Fig. 1c,d).40 The Earth System Models

Gnanadesikan, Anand

377

Identification of Bacteria in Biofilm and Bulk Water Samples from a Nonchlorinated Model Drinking Water Distribution System: Detection of a Large Nitrite-Oxidizing Population Associated with Nitrospira spp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identification of Bacteria in Biofilm and Bulk Water SamplesNo. 12 Identification of Bacteria in Biofilm and Bulk Water

Martiny, A. C; Albrechtsen, H.-J.; Arvin, E.; Molin, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Global Water Sustainability:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ground Water and Drinking Water EPA 816-R-04-003...oil and gas produced water treatment. Journal of Hazardous...92-99 Jurenka B (2007) Electrodialysis (ED) and Electrodialysis...usbr.gov/pmts/water/publications/reportpdfs...

Kelvin B. Gregory; Radisav D. Vidic; David A. Dzombak

379

Inhibitory Effect of Green Tea in the Drinking Water on Tumorigenesis by Ultraviolet Light and 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in the Skin of SKH-1 Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mm I.D.). The green tea water extracts...phase contained three solvents (Solvent A, acetonitrile...Solvent B, 5% Solvent C); and 24 to 30 min (100% Solvent A). The retention...min, respectively. Green tea extracts were...

Zhi-Yuan Wang; Mou-Tuan Huang; Thomas Ferraro; Ching-Quo Wong; You-Rong Lou; Kenneth Reuhl; Michael Iatropoulos; Chung S. Yang; and Allan H. Conney

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Energy–Water Nexus Analysis of Enhanced Water Supply Scenarios: A Regional Comparison of Tampa Bay, Florida, and San Diego, California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SD was found to have higher embodied energy and energy cost but lower GHG emission than TB in most of its water infrastructure systems because of the differences between the electricity grid mixes and water resources of the two regions. ... The electricity grids in both regions rely heavily on fossil fuels, but SD has a higher and more diverse nonfossil composition than TB. ... Introduction of IO-based hybrid analysis; details of sample water infrastructures in TB and SD; calculation of electricity primary energy factors and electricity carbon emission factors in TB and SD; and life-cycle inventory for structural path analysis in IO-based hybrid analysis. ...

Weiwei Mo; Ranran Wang; Julie B. Zimmerman

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix F: Irrigation, Municipal and Industrial/Water Supply.  

SciTech Connect

Since the 1930`s, the Columbia River has been harnessed for the benefit of the Northwest and the nation. Federal agencies have built 30 major dams on the river and its tributaries. Dozens of non-Federal projects have been developed as well. The dams provide flood control, irrigation, navigation, hydro-electric power generation, recreation, fish and wildlife, and streamflows for wildlife, anadromous fish, resident fish, and water quality. This is Appendix F of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Columbia River System, focusing on irrigation issues and concerns arrising from the Irrigation and Mitigation of impacts (M&I) working Group of the SOR process. Major subheadings include the following: Scope and process of irrigation/M&I studies; Irrigation/M&I in the Columbia Basin Today including overview, irrigated acreage and water rights, Irrigation and M&I issues basin-wide and at specific locations; and the analysis of impacts and alternative for the Environmental Impact Statement.

Columbia River System Operations Review (U.S.); United States. Bonneville Power Administration; United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. North Pacific Division; United States. Bureau of Reclamation. Pacific Northwest Region.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Eco- nomics of Drinking Water Quality,” evaluatesthe impacts of drinking water regulations in rural India andbacterial contaminants in drinking water supplies, motivates

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Global Access to Energy and Fresh Water - Nuclear Engineering Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Access to Energy and Fresh Water Global Access to Energy and Fresh Water International Safety Projects Overview Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier Global access to energy and fresh water International cooperation on safety of nuclear plants Other Major Programs Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE Division on Flickr International Safety Projects Global Access to Energy and Fresh Water Bookmark and Share Water Water shortages, unreliable water supplies, and poor water quality have been considered in recent years to be major obstacles to sustainable development and poverty alleviation that require urgent attention. Over 1 billion people lack access to safe drinking water. In such areas, water shortages are increasingly limiting development options.

384

High levels of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks Farin Kamangar...exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including known...80 oC) or cold (4 oC) water and two commonly used brands...Infusions were made by adding water to the leaves, steeping for...

Farin Kamangar; Michele Schantz; Christian Abnet; Renato Fagundes; and Sanford Dawsey

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

A Comparison of the Performance of Two Chromatographic and Three Extraction Techniques for the Analysis of PAHs in Sources of Drinking Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......environment by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and the burning...levels of contamination from coal tar coating of water pipes...References 1. R.P. Wayne. Chemistry of the Atmospheres, 3rd Ed...of PAHs in groundwater at a coal tar site. Environ. Sci......

Nora E. Díaz-Moroles; Humberto J. Garza-Ulloa; Rocío Castro-Ríos; Elsa G. Ramírez-Villarreal; Juan M. Barbarín-Castillo; María dela Luz Salazar-Cavazos; Noemí Waksman-de Torres

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Evaluation of INL Supplied MOOSE/OSPREY Model: Modeling Water Adsorption on Type 3A Molecular Sieve  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to evaluate Idaho National Lab’s Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) software in modeling the adsorption of water onto type 3A molecular sieve (3AMS). MOOSE can be thought-of as a computing framework within which applications modeling specific coupled-phenomena can be developed and run. The application titled Off-gas SeParation and REcoverY (OSPREY) has been developed to model gas sorption in packed columns. The sorbate breakthrough curve calculated by MOOSE/OSPREY was compared to results previously obtained in the deep bed hydration tests conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The coding framework permits selection of various options, when they exist, for modeling a process. For example, the OSPREY module includes options to model the adsorption equilibrium with a Langmuir model or a generalized statistical thermodynamic adsorption (GSTA) model. The vapor solid equilibria and the operating conditions of the process (e.g., gas phase concentration) are required to calculate the concentration gradient driving the mass transfer between phases. Both the Langmuir and GSTA models were tested in this evaluation. Input variables were either known from experimental conditions, or were available (e.g., density) or were estimated (e.g., thermal conductivity of sorbent) from the literature. Variables were considered independent of time, i.e., rather than having a mass transfer coefficient that varied with time or position in the bed, the parameter was set to remain constant. The calculated results did not coincide with data from laboratory tests. The model accurately estimated the number of bed volumes processed for the given operating parameters, but breakthrough times were not accurately predicted, varying 50% or more from the data. The shape of the breakthrough curves also differed from the experimental data, indicating a much wider sorption band. Model modifications are needed to improve its utility and predictive capability. Recommended improvements include: greater flexibility for input of mass transfer parameters, time-variable gas inlet concentration, direct output of loading and temperature profiles along the bed, and capability to conduct simulations of beds in series.

Pompilio, L. M. [Syracuse University; DePaoli, D. W. [ORNL; Spencer, B. B. [ORNL

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

387

Re-use of drinking water treatment plant (DWTP) sludge: Characterization and technological behaviour of cement mortars with atomized sludge additions  

SciTech Connect

This paper aims to characterize spray-dried DWTP sludge and evaluate its possible use as an addition for the cement industry. It describes the physical, chemical and micro-structural characterization of the sludge as well as the effect of its addition to Portland cements on the hydration, water demand, setting and mechanical strength of standardized mortars. Spray drying DWTP sludge generates a readily handled powdery material whose particle size is similar to those of Portland cement. The atomized sludge contains 12-14% organic matter (mainly fatty acids), while its main mineral constituents are muscovite, quartz, calcite, dolomite and seraphinite (or clinoclor). Its amorphous material content is 35%. The mortars were made with type CEM I Portland cement mixed with 10 to 30% atomized sludge exhibited lower mechanical strength than the control cement and a decline in slump. Setting was also altered in the blended cements with respect to the control.

Husillos Rodriguez, N., E-mail: nuriah@ietcc.csic.e [Instituto de Ciencias de la Construccion Eduardo Torroja (CSIC), Serrano Galvache 4, 28033 Madrid (Spain); Martinez Ramirez, S.; Blanco Varela, M.T. [Instituto de Ciencias de la Construccion Eduardo Torroja (CSIC), Serrano Galvache 4, 28033 Madrid (Spain); Guillem, M.; Puig, J. [Cementos Molins S.A., Crta. N-340, 2 al 38, E-08620 Sant Vicenc dels Horts, Barcelona (Spain); Larrotcha, E.; Flores, J. [Aguas de Barcelona S.A., Avenida Diagonal 211, 08018 Barcelona (Spain)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Effect of animal density and trough placement on drinking behavior and dehydration in slaughter horses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of horse density and trough placement on aphics. latency to drink and the amount of time spent drinking water on-board a semi-trailer were determined. Three experiments using 19, 20, and 24 slaughter-type horses, ranging in body condition...

Gibbs, Amy Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

389

Scenario: Supplying Our Water Needs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thornridge High School is using an approach to science that integrates Thornridge High School is using an approach to science that integrates learning strategies, math, social studies, and science. Dennis Condon, Gary Fryrear, Bill Meder, and Shelly Peretz share the same 40 students for two 50-minute class periods. This gives the teachers the flexibility to meet with one group of students (20), one class period (50 minutes) every day or two class periods (100 minutes) every other day, within the confines of the traditional school schedule. Each classroom has three ethernet ports which allow teachers to move computers around on the same network. In addition, the network is connected to a router and an ISDN phone line, so the network is connected to the Internet at relatively high speeds. Each classroom also has a telephone.

390

Effects of agrochemical use in agricultural activities on the drinking water quality of ground and surface water: a case study of Agogo in the Asanti-Akim North District.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The effects of agrochemical use in agricultural activities on the quality of ground and surface water within Agogo, a prominent tomato growing area in the… (more)

Adonadaga, Melvin-Guy

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Sandia National Laboratories: Water Security Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for sensor network design of drinking water contamination systems," Handbook of Water and Wastewater Systems Protection, editors: R.M. Clark, S. Hakim, and A, Ostfeld, Series:...

392

Drinking Water Problems: Iron and Manganese (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

el agua para remover las impurezas. Usted quiz? pueda abrir un nuevo pozo en un lugar diferente o completar el pozo existente en una formaci?n diferente de agua. P?dale a un perforador de pozos consejo acerca de estas opciones. Si decide tratar el.... La inyec- ci?n debe ocurrir antes del tanque de presi?n y tan cerca al punto de descarga del pozo como sea posi- ble. El tratamiento por compuestos de fosfato es relati- vamente barato, pero pueden haber desventajas al rato, el hierro y/o manganeso...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

393

Arsenic and Drinking Water in West Bengal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...539-45. 7 Wegner R, Radon K, Heinrich-Ramm...Human MicroNucleus project. Mutat Res 2003...Human Micronucleus Project (2) regarding...Results of an international slide-scoring exercise by the HUMN project. Mutat Res 2003...

Armen K. Nersesyan

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Water Resources Center Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Resources Center Annual Technical Report FY 2007 Water Resources Center Annual Technical Report FY 2007 1 #12;Introduction The Rhode Island Water Resources Center has supported one information transfer project, "Clean Drinking Water in Rhode Island" and one research project "Enhancing Drinking Water

395

Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CS232615A Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans National Center for Environmental Health). Water Safety Plans A Water Safety Plan (WSP) is a preventive management approach used to manage threats to a drinking water system--from catchment to consumer. It helps in the · Management of activities

396

Abi Williams Drink and be merry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a platter from John Lewis, cinnamon infused bread sauce and incongruous prosecco drink! to Christmas! and

Robertson, Stephen

397

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2014 Table 19. PAD District 4 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, October 2014 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field...

398

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PAD District 2 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-October 2014 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply...

399

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Table 21. PAD District 5 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, October 2014 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks...

400

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.PDF Table 10. PAD District 4 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE4.PDF Table 4. PAD District 1 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition...

402

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE8.PDF Table 8. PAD District 3 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition...

403

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE6.PDF Table 6. PAD District 2 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition...

404

The water footprint of humanity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and the Middle East, Mexico, Europe, Japan, and South...domestic water supply sector. Water use in energy production is included in the...compared to the water volumes consumed in households from domestic water supply (7). Most...

Arjen Y. Hoekstra; Mesfin M. Mekonnen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural drainage water Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

water runoff, unsewered... of representatives from agriculture, drinking water and wastewater utilities, environmental organizations... -326-1616 (cell) FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR WATER...

406

PET 424304 2013 Exercises 1+2 of 4 17 Jan + 31 Jan 2013 1. 1kg ice at 263 K 1 kg water at 293 K. Heat Q at T = T is supplied by the surroundings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Heat Q at T = T° is supplied by the surroundings. Specific heat ice : ci = 2,14 kJ/(kgK); water cw = 4,18 kJ/(kgK) melting heat mH = 333,4 kJ/kg 2nd Law: m.sin + Qin/Tin + Sgen = dS/dt + m.sout + Qout)·cw. = 438,4 kJ (per kg) S/m = s = ci·ln(273/263) + melth / 273 + cw·ln(293/273) = 1,6 kJ/(kgK) using

Zevenhoven, Ron

407

Water Sector -Aid Funded Business with the World Bank  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

daunting water resources challenges as the needs for water supply, irrigation and hydroelectricity grow

Glasgow, University of

408

2 Risk perceptions of arsenic in tap water and consumption 3 of bottled water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.htm). In the United States today bottled water 25 constitutes a significant proportion of the beverage indus- 26 try water is safe to drink in most areas of the United States, so 36 one could question why people in the United States drink 37 bottled water, especially when bottled water can be 240 and 38 10,000 times more

Shaw, W. Douglass

409

Regional Water Management: Adapting to Uncertain Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional Water Management: Adapting to Uncertain Water Supply and Demand Jim Schneider, Ph · How Nebraska manages water · Dealing with uncertain water supplies: adaptive management #12;Regional-wide, systematic approach · Flexible--Adaptive Management Adaptive Manageme nt #12;Integrated Water Management

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

410

Evaluation of the 183-D Water Filtration Facility for Bat Roosts and Development of a Mitigation Strategy, 100-D Area, Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

The 183-D Water Filtration Facility is located in the 100-D Area of the Hanford Site, north of Richland, Washington. It was used to provide filtered water for cooling the 105-D Reactor and supplying fire-protection and drinking water for all facilities in the 100-D Area. The facility has been inactive since the 1980s and is now scheduled for demolition. Therefore, an evaluation was conducted to determine if any part of the facility was being used as roosting habitat by bats.

Lindsey, C. T.; Gano, K. A.; Lucas, J. G.

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

411

Eau Canada: The Future of Canada's Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reviewed by Yves Laberge Quebec, Canada Bakker, Karen (from a scholar based in Quebec, which has nevertheless thea military town near Quebec City, where drinking water was

Laberge, Yves

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Conditioning of aggressive water in Suriname:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In Suriname groundwater is mostly used for drinking water production. Depending on the ground layers from which groundwater is extracted, groundwater is characterized as aggressive… (more)

Salmin, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Water Quality Guide for Livestock and Poultry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication discusses some of the most common contaminants in the drinking water of livestock and poultry. A table lists the Maximum Contaminant Level of some harmful substances....

Mukhtar, Saqib

1998-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

414

Supply Systems Analyst  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In this position you will serve as a Supply Systems Analyst for Supply Chain Services. The incumbent is responsible for managing and supporting multiple electronic database systems, including Asset...

415

An Ecopartnership Project Promoting Sustainable Water Resource Management in Qinghai Province, China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology in small rural communities. Details describing the inexpensive drinking water treatment project are as follows. Inexpensive drinking water treatment technology for small rural communities In many rural faces the challenge of managing drinking water and wastewater in its rapidly expanding cities and many

416

Electrodialysis in Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on the uses of electrodialysis and specially electrodialysis reversal for the treatment of brackish and groundwater to produce drinking water. Over the last 10–15 years,...

Andréa Moura Bernardes; Marco A. S. Rodrigues

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

"Green" Supply Chains: Using Information Integration for Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Loss of (primary) rain-forests is a major problem for biodiversity [7], water supply and the world"Green" Supply Chains: Using Information Integration for Sustainable Development Alexander Schatten, an approach is introduced that covers the whole supply chain. The core idea is that end-to-end transparency

418

Water Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Water Efficiency Water Efficiency Water is one of our most precious natural resources, and although the United States has an abundant supply, it is not evenly distributed...

419

Growing water scarcity in agriculture: future challenge to global water security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...correlation between GDP growth and...societal water demands are high...people per flow unit...unchanged per capita water supply...When water demand increases...supply, energy supply and...health, energy supply...that water demands are increasingly...humanity. The per capita water availability...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Water Sustainability Program Challenges to Sustainable Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Drought, Climate Change · Growth and the need for additional supplies · Water and Energy · Water the Southwest, nation, semi-arid and arid regions, and the world. · Today's program provides just a glimpse to and utilization of renewable supplies · Transboundary water issues · The surface water/groundwater interface

Cushing, Jim. M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Offshore Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Oil Shale Supply Submodule1, and Alaska Oil and Gas Supply Submodule. A detailed description...

422

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Offshore Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Oil Shale Supply Submodule, and Alaska Oil and Gas Supply Submodule. A detailed description of...

423

Supply | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Supply Supply Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 11, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses million barrels per day. The data is broken down into crude oil, other petroleum supply, other non petroleum supply and liquid fuel consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO disposition EIA liquid fuels Supply Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Liquid Fuels Supply and Disposition- Reference Case (xls, 117 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License

424

Magnets and Power Supplies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bibliography Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Longitudinal Bibliography Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Longitudinal bunch profile and Magnets and Power Supplies Dipole Magnets and Power Supplies Value Dipole Number 80+1 No. of power supplies 1 Magnetic length 3.06 m Core length 3.00 m Bending radius 38.9611 m Power supply limit 500.0 A Field at 7 GeV 0.599 T Dipole trim coils Number 80+1 No. of power supplies 80 Magnetic length 3.06 m Core length 3.00 m Power supply limit 20.0 A Maximum field 0.04 T Horizontal Correction Dipoles Number 317 No. of power supplies 317 Magnetic length 0.160 m Core length 0.07 m Power supply limit 150.0 A Maximum field 0.16 T Max. deflection at 7 GeV 1.1 mrad Vertical Corrector Dipoles Number 317 No. of power supplies 317

425

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Procurement of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment This Guidance provides a description of the types of requirements to be included in an employer's workplace charging request for...

426

Radioactive residues associated with water treatment, use and disposal in Australia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Water resources are known to contain radioactive materials, either from natural or anthropogenic sources. Treatment, including wastewater treatment, of water for drinking, domestic, agricultural and… (more)

Kleinschmidt, Ross Ivan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

E-Print Network 3.0 - auxiliary water systems Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

including drinking water distribution systems (esp. in small rural communities... ), wastewater treatment, storm runoff, irrigation systems, dams, levees, and canals. 9. Water...

428

NUFinancials Supply Chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUFinancials Supply Chain FMS801 & 803 Purchasing Glossary 03/31/2010 © 2010 Northwestern University FMS801 & 803 1 Purchasing Glossary Guide to terms used in iBuyNU and NUFinancials purchasing Term, faculty salary, office supplies. Similar to CUFS Object Code, Revenue Source, and Balance Sheet. Note

Shull, Kenneth R.

429

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 19. PAD District 4 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 393 - - - - 330 -111 -46 4 562 0 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 406 0 2 15 -333 - - 0 20 9 61 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 58 0 - - - -33 - - 0 6 9 10 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 348 - - 2 15 -299 - -

430

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 23. PAD District 5 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 1,197 - - - - 1,186 - -47 -4 2,340 0 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 69 0 14 4 - - - -60 83 20 43 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 32 0 - - - - - - -1 26 2 5 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 37 - - 14 4 - - - -59

431

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 7. PAD District 1 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 24 - - - - 854 -10 42 -28 935 3 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 42 0 27 67 119 - - -30 26 1 259 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 7 0 - - - - - - 0 - 0 7 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 35 - - 27 67 119 - - -30 26

432

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 20. PAD District 4 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 511 - - - - 289 -169 -49 4 579 0 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 316 0 13 11 -264 - - 2 16 15 44 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 50 0 - - 0 -38 - - 0 6 13 -7 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

433

Barloworld Supply Chain Software USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barloworld Supply Chain Software USA Supply Chain Consultant / Inventory Analyst Position November 2011 #12;Barloworld SCS USA ­ Supply Chain / Inventory Analyst Aug 2011 Page 2 of 4 INTRODUCTION Barloworld Supply Chain Software (SCS) USA would like to invite you to apply for a Supply Chain

Heller, Barbara

434

RAPID DETERMINATION OF {sup 210} PO IN WATER SAMPLES  

SciTech Connect

A new rapid method for the determination of {sup 210}Po in water samples has been developed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) that can be used for emergency response or routine water analyses. If a radiological dispersive device (RDD) event or a radiological attack associated with drinking water supplies occurs, there will be an urgent need for rapid analyses of water samples, including drinking water, ground water and other water effluents. Current analytical methods for the assay of {sup 210}Po in water samples have typically involved spontaneous auto-deposition of {sup 210}Po onto silver or other metal disks followed by counting by alpha spectrometry. The auto-deposition times range from 90 minutes to 24 hours or more, at times with yields that may be less than desirable. If sample interferences are present, decreased yields and degraded alpha spectrums can occur due to unpredictable thickening in the deposited layer. Separation methods have focused on the use of Sr Resin?, often in combination with 210Pb analysis. A new rapid method for {sup 210}Po in water samples has been developed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) that utilizes a rapid calcium phosphate co-precipitation method, separation using DGA Resin? (N,N,N?,N? tetraoctyldiglycolamide extractant-coated resin, Eichrom Technologies or Triskem-International), followed by rapid microprecipitation of {sup 210}Po using bismuth phosphate for counting by alpha spectrometry. This new method can be performed quickly with excellent removal of interferences, high chemical yields and very good alpha peak resolution, eliminating any potential problems with the alpha source preparation for emergency or routine samples. A rapid sequential separation method to separate {sup 210} Po and actinide isotopes was also developed. This new approach, rapid separation with DGA Resin plus microprecipitation for alpha source preparation, is a significant advance in radiochemistry for the rapid determination of {sup 210}Po.

Maxwell, S.

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

435

Clemson University Water System System No, SC3910006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control have strict standards for all drinking water contaminant that was detected in the water, even in the most minute traces, is listed here. The table contains

Duchowski, Andrew T.

436

Fant's Grove Water System System No, SC390112  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control have strict standards for all drinking water contaminant that was detected in the water, even in the most minute traces, is listed here. The table contains

Duchowski, Andrew T.

437

Clemson University Water System System No, SC3910006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) have strict standards for all drinking water contaminant that was detected in the water, even the most minute trace, is listed here. The table contains

Duchowski, Andrew T.

438

Power Supply Fundamentals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Liquid Crystal Displays require dedicated power supply circuits to support their specific requirements. Many different display technologies coexist in the market and compete for their market share. While the p...

Oliver Nachbaur

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

GSA Wind Supply Opportunity  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Wind Supply Opportunity 1 2 3 Proposed Location * Size: 100-210 MegaWatts *Location: Bureau County, IL *Planned COD: December 2014 or 2015 *Site Control: 17,000 acres *Wind...

440

European supply chain study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Supply chain management has been defined as, "..a set of approaches utilized to efficiently integrate suppliers, manufacturers, warehouses and stores, so that merchandise is produced and distributed at the ...

Puri, Mohitkumar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Washington's power supply collapse  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ON 25 July 1983 the Washington Public Power Supply System (WPPSS) defaulted on 2,250 million of municipal revenue bonds. This, ... has been polemical and accusatory in nature, blaming the Washington State Supreme Court, the Bonneville ...

Roger H. Bezdek

1985-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

442

Water Filtration Using Plant Xylem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective point-of-use devices for providing safe drinking water are urgently needed to reduce the global burden of waterborne disease. Here we show that plant xylem from the sapwood of coniferous trees – a readily available, ...

Boutilier, Michael Stephen Ha

443

Integrated assessment of Hadley Center (HadCM2) climate-change impacts on agricultural productivity and irrigation water supply in the conterminous United States: Part II. Regional agricultural production in 2030 and 2095  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A national assessment (NA) evaluated the potential consequences of climate change and variability on the agriculture, water resources, as well as other economic and natural resource sectors in the United States. As part of this process, we used scenarios of the HadCM2 GCM and the EPIC agroecosystem model to evaluate climate-change impacts on crop yields and ecosystem processes. Baseline climate data were obtained from national records for 1961–1990. The scenario runs for 2025–2034 and 2090–2099 were extracted from a HadCM2 run. EPIC was run on 204 representative farms under current climate and two 10-year periods centered on 2030 and 2095, each at CO2 concentrations of 365 and 560 ppm. Crops were simulated under both dryland and irrigated management, with irrigation water supply estimates taken from the HUMUS simulations in Paper 1. Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and California are projected to experience significant temperature increases by 2030. Slight cooling is expected by 2030 in Alabama, Florida, Maine, Montana, Idaho, and Utah. Larger areas are projected to experience increased warming by 2095. Uniform precipitation increases are expected by 2030 in the northeast. These increases are predicted to expand to the eastern half of the country by 2095. Regionally, dryland corn yields could increase, decrease or remain unchanged under the two scenarios. EPIC simulated yield increases for the Great Lakes, Corn Belt and Northeast regions. Simulated yields of irrigated corn were predicted to increase in almost all regions. Soybean yields could decrease in the Northern and Southern Plains, the Corn Belt, Delta, Appalachian, and Southeast regions and increase in the Lakes and Northeast regions. Simulated wheat yields exhibited upward trends under scenarios of climate-change. Evapotranspiration in dryland corn is expected to increase in both future periods while water-use efficiency will decrease. National corn production in 2030 and 2095 could be affected by changes in three major producing regions. In 2030, corn production could increase in the Corn Belt and Lakes regions but decrease in the Northern Plains leading to an overall decrease in national production. National wheat production is expected to increase during both future periods. A proxy indicator was developed to provide a sense of where in the country, and when water would be available to satisfy change in irrigation demand for corn and alfalfa production as these are influenced by the HadCM2 scenarios and CO2-fertilization. Irrigation requirement by irrigated crops declines under these scenarios as transpiration is suppressed.

R.César Izaurralde; Norman J. Rosenberg; Robert A. Brown; Allison M. Thomson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Water resources and the urban environment--98  

SciTech Connect

This report contains all the papers presented at the meeting. There are 25 sessions and one poster session in the document. The Sessions are: (1) Landfill gas/groundwater interactions; (2) Urban solids management; (3) Local issues; (4) Surface water quality studies 1; (5) Reductive treatment of hazardous wastes with zero-valent iron; (6) Water reuse 1; (7) Biosolids management; (8) GIS information systems 1; (9) Drinking water distribution; (10) Anaerobic treatment; (11) Water reuse 2; (12) Municipal wastewater treatment technology; (13) GIS information systems 2; (14) Drinking water treatment 1; (15) Risk-based site remediation; (16) Small urban watersheds; (17) Disinfection; (18) Air pollution control and risk assessment; (19) Drinking water treatment 2; (20) Biological wastewater treatment; (21) Wastewater treatment; (22) Decentralized small-scale alternative wastewater management systems; (23) General environmental issues; (24) Drinking water treatment 3; and (25) Groundwater remediation. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the database.

Wilson, T.E. [ed.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Water Requirements for Future Energy production in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I~EVADA WATER SUPPLIES State Water Problems Energy FuturesReport No. Western States Water Council, Western Statesthe Federal in California the State Water Resources Council.

Sathaye, J.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Shock Chlorination of Stored Water Supplies (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disminuir la contami- naci?n bacteriol?gica del agua. Este m?todo tam- bi?n puede ser usado por los propietarios de pozos de agua particulares. Pozos de agua Los pozos de agua contaminados con bacterias pueden ser clorados por choque por medio de la... introducci?n de cloro dentro de ellos y dentro de sus sistemas de distribuci?n de agua. Los pasos apropiados para la cloraci?n por choque de los pozos de agua privados est?n se?alados en la publi- caci?n n?mero L-5441S de la Extensi?n Cooperativa de Texas...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

447

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 10. PAD District 2 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 366,285 - - - - 501,418 159,175 -109,633 -12,929 918,349 11,825 0 102,610 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 122,918 -4,579 37,556 21,926 4,444 - - 15,132 24,244 34,819 108,070 58,830 Pentanes Plus ..................................................

448

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20 20 September 2013 Table 14. PAD District 3 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil 6 ............................................................ 1,188,751 - - - - 1,015,091 -112,708 94,064 20,399 2,158,191 6,608 0 882,207 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 440,766 -88 123,986 10,625 46,383 - - 16,960 76,972 72,880 454,860 114,138 Pentanes Plus ..................................................

449

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

September 2013 Table 2. U.S. Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 2,003,948 - - - - 2,123,490 65,265 6,899 4,157,486 28,318 0 1,067,149 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 686,936 -4,909 195,516 47,812 - - 36,219 127,051 118,364 643,721 189,672 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 92,842 -4,909 - - 10,243 - -

450

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.PDF 1.PDF Table 11. PAD District 5 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 36,593 - - - - 31,429 - 4,534 890 71,666 - 0 55,877 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 2,154 -11 1,013 192 - - - -786 2,587 629 918 3,544 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,013 -11 - - - - - - -35 842 110 85 36 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

451

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE7.PDF TABLE7.PDF Table 7. PAD District 3 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil 6 ............................................................ 109,919 - - - - 142,073 -20,272 -3,481 6,003 222,236 - 0 858,776 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 43,678 -17 9,648 1,838 7,546 - - -2,299 8,340 4,663 51,989 65,215 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 4,840 -17 - - 1,688 -3,010 - -

452

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 September 2013 Table 8. PAD District 1 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 32 - - - - 843 -1 230 8 1,061 35 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 71 0 45 40 77 - - 1 16 10 205 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 12 0 - - 1 0 - - 0 0 2 9 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

453

Petroleum Supply Monthly Archives  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Supply Monthly Petroleum Supply Monthly Petroleum Supply Monthly Archives With Data for December 2011 | Release Date: February 29, 2012 Changes to Table 26. "Production of Crude Oil by PAD District and State": Current State-level data are now included in Table 26, in addition to current U.S. and PAD District sums. State offshore production for Louisiana, Texas, Alaska, and California, which are included in the State totals, are no longer reported separately in a "State Offshore Production" category. Previously, State-level values lagged 2 months behind the U.S. and PAD District values. Beginning with this publication, they will be on the same cycle. Also included in this publication are two additional pages for Table 26 that provide October and November data. With the release of

454

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 3. U.S. Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 5,877 - - - - 8,716 83 -218 14,841 53 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 2,351 -20 372 252 - - -417 566 206 2,600 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 296 -20 - - 78 - - 37 172 71 75 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 2,055 - - 372 174 - - -454 394 135 2,525

455

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 8 September 2013 Table 22. PAD District 5 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 300,668 - - - - 297,837 - 31,342 -3,713 633,292 267 0 52,719 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 17,739 -73 18,288 1,401 - - - 3,536 17,170 3,791 12,858 8,270 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 7,914

456

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 5. PAD District 1 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 751 - - - - 26,471 -300 1,308 -869 28,999 100 0 9,902 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 1,313 -7 839 2,091 3,702 - - -929 816 33 8,018 7,618 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 225 -7 - - - - - - 3 - 11 204 31 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

457

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

September 2013 Table 6. PAD District 1 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 8,672 - - - - 230,125 -359 62,824 2,069 289,586 9,606 0 10,326 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 19,329 -83 12,151 10,808 21,118 - - 168 4,287 2,821 56,047 6,541 Pentanes Plus ..................................................

458

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. TABLE1.PDF 1. TABLE1.PDF Table 1. U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 190,109 - - - - 264,348 6,359 12,794 445,596 2,425 0 1,039,424 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 73,905 -587 13,044 6,935 - - -11,335 15,883 8,313 80,436 118,039 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 8,824 -587 - - 1,699 - - -805 4,946 2,754 3,041 16,791 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

459

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.PDF 2.PDF Table 12. PAD District 5 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 1,180 - - - - 1,014 - 146 29 2,312 - 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 69 0 33 6 - - - -25 83 20 30 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 33 0 - - - - - - -1 27 4 3 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 37 - - 33 6 - - - -24 56 17 27 Ethane/Ethylene

460

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

September 2013 Table 1. U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 233,810 - - - - 237,344 8,334 7,688 468,825 2,975 0 1,067,149 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 81,196 -552 19,023 4,020 - - 3,027 16,794 13,937 69,929 189,672 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 11,167 -552 - - 772 - - -700 5,666 2,989 3,432 18,036 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water supplies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 1. U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 182,188 - - - - 270,188 2,576 -6,767 460,074 1,646 0 1,026,829 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 72,869 -607 11,545 7,801 - - -12,921 17,534 6,391 80,604 128,709 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 9,170 -607 - - 2,421 - - 1,146 5,321 2,200 2,317 17,598 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

462

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 17. PAD District 4 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 12,175 - - - - 10,226 -3,426 -1,436 132 17,407 1 0 15,969 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 12,584 -10 52 460 -10,314 - - -12 611 282 1,891 1,375 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,788 -10 - - - -1,036 - - -15 174 273 310 180 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

463

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 15. PAD District 3 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil 6 ............................................................ 3,327 - - - - 4,646 -720 39 -191 7,482 - 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 1,380 -1 304 84 227 - - -113 306 108 1,693 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 155 -1 - - 77 -58 - - 35 106 1 31 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

464

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 9. PAD District 2 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 29,019 - - - - 52,699 26,041 2,973 12 109,175 1,544 0 93,189 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 14,079 -560 812 2,541 -423 - - -6,605 4,051 2,114 16,889 48,197 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,354 -560 - - 21 2,843 - - 110 1,049

465

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 16. PAD District 3 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil 6 ............................................................ 4,354 - - - - 3,718 -413 345 75 7,905 24 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 1,615 0 454 39 170 - - 62 282 267 1,666 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 195 0 - - 36 -65 - - 15 113 4 35 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

466

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE9.PDF TABLE9.PDF Table 9. PAD District 4 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 12,961 - - - - 10,783 -3,879 896 2,868 17,893 0 0 18,695 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 12,770 -9 127 502 -11,116 - - -50 621 280 1,423 1,326 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,484 -9 - - - -1,152 - - 7 122 264 -70 187 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

467

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.PDF .PDF Table 3. PAD District 1 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 734 - - - - 26,368 419 -1,209 627 25,554 130 0 10,529 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 1,314 -6 923 1,606 2,621 - - -1,556 707 53 7,254 6,409 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 213 -6 - - - - - - 3 5 6 193 34 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

468

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE5.PDF TABLE5.PDF Table 5. PAD District 2 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 29,902 - - - - 53,695 23,732 5,619 2,406 108,247 2,295 0 95,547 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 13,989 -544 1,333 2,797 949 - - -6,644 3,628 2,687 18,853 41,545 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,274 -544 - - 11 4,162 - - 233 966

469

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

September 2013 Table 4. U.S. Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 7,340 - - - - 7,778 239 25 15,229 104 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 2,516 -18 716 175 - - 133 465 434 2,358 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 340 -18 - - 38 - - 20 168 134 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 2,176 - - 716

470

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 September 2013 Table 18. PAD District 4 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 139,573 - - - - 79,019 -46,108 -13,333 1,073 158,068 10 0 19,287 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 86,184 -86 3,535 3,052 -71,945 - - 423 4,378 4,054 11,885 1,893 Pentanes Plus ..................................................

471

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

30 30 September 2013 Table 24. PAD District 5 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 1,101 - - - - 1,091 - 115 -14 2,320 1 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 65 0 67 5 - - - 13 63 14 47 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 29 0 - - - - - - 1 21 4 3 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

472

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.PDF .PDF Table 2. U.S. Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 6,133 - - - - 8,527 205 413 14,374 78 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 2,384 -19 421 224 - - -366 512 268 2,595 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 285 -19 - - 55 - - -26 160 89 98 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 2,099 - - 421 169 - - -340 353 179 2,497 Ethane/Ethylene

473

Variability of chlorination by-product occurrence in water of indoor and outdoor swimming pools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Swimming is one of the most popular aquatic activities. Just like natural water, public pool water may contain microbiological and chemical contaminants. The purpose of this study was to study the presence of chemical contaminants in swimming pools, in particular the presence of disinfection by-products (DBPs) such as trihalomethanes (THMs), haloacetic acids (HAAs) and inorganic chloramines (CAMi). Fifty-four outdoor and indoor swimming pools were investigated over a period of one year (monthly or bi-weekly sampling, according to the type of pool) for the occurrence of DBPs. The results showed that DBP levels in swimming pools were greater than DBP levels found in drinking water, especially for HAAs. Measured concentrations of \\{THMs\\} (97.9 vs 63.7 ?g/L in average) and \\{HAAs\\} (807.6 vs 412.9 ?g/L in average) were higher in outdoor pools, whereas measured concentrations of \\{CAMi\\} (0.1 vs 0.8 mg/L in average) were higher in indoor pools. Moreover, outdoor pools with heated water contained more \\{DBPs\\} than unheated pools. Finally, there was significant variability in tTHM, HAA9 and \\{CAMi\\} levels in pools supplied by the same municipal drinking water network, suggesting that individual pool characteristics (number of swimmers) and management strategies play a major role in DBP formation.

Sabrina Simard; Robert Tardif; Manuel J. Rodriguez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Surface Water Management Areas (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This legislation establishes surface water management areas, geographically defined surface water areas in which the State Water Control Board has deemed the levels or supply of surface water to be...

475

Investigacin Supply chain collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. These interactions among firms' decisions ask for alignment and coordination of actions. Therefore, game theory quantities, among others. Nowadays, business decisions are dominated by the globalization of markets, and that the decisions taken by a firm do also affect the performance of the other parties in the supply chain

Boucherie, Richard J.

476

Negotiations Within Supply Chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we consider a negotiation between a supplier and its retailer. Due to the supplier's commitments with other customers the negotiation is about the maximum order quantity the retailer can order at a fixed price. We propose a structuring ... Keywords: capacity, contract, cooperation, negotiations, scenario, supply chain management

Carsten Homburg; Christoph Schneeweiss

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Technological Implementation of Renewable Energy in Rural?Isolated Areas and Small?Medium Islands in Indonesia: Problem Mapping And Preliminary Surveys of Total People Participation in a Local Wind Pump Water Supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article discusses a formulation of problem mapping and preliminary surveys of total people participation in a local wind pump (LWP) water supply in term of technological implementation of renewable energy (RE) in rural?isolated areas and small?medium islands in Indonesia. The formulation was constructed in order to enhance and to promote the local product of RE across Indonesia. It was also addressed to accommodate local potencies barriers and opportunities into a priority map. Moreover it was designed into five aspects such as (1) local technology of the RE: a case of pilot project of the LWP; (2) environmental?cultural aspects related to global issues of energy?renewable energy; (3) potencies and barriers corresponding to local national regional and international contents; (4) education and training and (5) gender participation. To focus the formulation serial preliminary surveys were conducted in five major areas namely: (1) survey on support and barrier factors of the aspects; (2) strategic planning model a concept A?B?G which stands for Academician?Business people?Government; (3) survey on background based knowledge on energy conservation; (4) survey on gender participation in energy conservation and (5) survey on local stakeholder involvement. Throughout the surveys it has been notified that the concept needs to be developed to any level of its component since its elements were identified in tolerance values such as high potency value of the LWP development (95%); a strong potency of rural area application (88%); a medium background of energy energy conservation (EC) identified in a range of 56%?72% sufficient support from local stakeholders and gender participation.

Ahmad Taufik

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Ritual Black Drink consumption at Cahokia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acquisition of items such as marine shell, sharks teeth, pipestone...beverages from cups made of marine shells. I. vomitoria...critical that laboratory workers wear masks, gloves, and gowns and that no caffeinated drinks...on its close association with marine shell cups and renewal and purification...

Patricia L. Crown; Thomas E. Emerson; Jiyan Gu; W. Jeffrey Hurst; Timothy R. Pauketat; Timothy Ward

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Supply Air Temperature Control Using a VFD Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supply Air Temperature Control Using a VFD Pump Bin Zheng and Mingsheng Liu Ph.D., P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory University of Nebraska-Lincoln Abstract Traditionally, chilled water pump speed is modulated to maintain the water loop... speed to maintain the supply air temperature set point can: 1. save pump electricity energy; 2. improve control valve control performance; 3. reduce control valve initial cost; 4. save maintenance cost. References [1] Zheng B., Liu M. (2004...

Zheng, B.; Liu, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Supply Stores | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supply Stores Supply Stores Supply Stores DOE Self Service Supply Stores at Headquarters Operated by: Paperclips, Etc. and the Winston-Salem Industries for the Blind DOE Self-Service Supply Stores Hours of Operation: 9:00 a.m. through 4:00 p.m. Monday through Friday DOE Supply Stores Locations Location Phone Fax Forrestal Room GA-171 (202) 554-1451 (202) 554-1452 (202) 554-7074 Germantown Room R-008 (301) 515-9109 (301) 515-9206 (301) 515-8751 The stores provide an Office Supply Product inventory that is tailored to meet the DOE customer's requirements. Office Supply items that are not carried in the store inventory can be special ordered, see the Catalog Order Form section below. The stores are operated for the Department of Energy, Office of Administration, Office of Logistics and Facility Operations, for the Supply

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481

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil and Gas Supply Module Oil and Gas Supply Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 119 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Oil and Gas Supply Module The NEMS Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM) constitutes a comprehensive framework with which to analyze crude oil and natural gas exploration and development on a regional basis (Figure 8). The OGSM is organized into 4 submodules: Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Offshore Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Oil Shale Supply Submodule[1], and Alaska Oil and Gas Supply Submodule. A detailed description of the OGSM is provided in the EIA publication, Model Documentation Report: The Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM), DOE/EIA-M063(2011), (Washington, DC, 2011). The OGSM provides

482

Clemson University Water System System No, SC3910006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) have strict standards for all drinking-quality analyses. Every regulated contaminant that was detected in the water, even in the most minute traces

Duchowski, Andrew T.

483

Clemson University Water System System No, SC3910006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) have strict standards for all drinking-quality analyses. Every regulated contaminant that was detected in the water, even the most minute trace, is listed

Duchowski, Andrew T.

484

Water.unl.edu Gateway to All Things Water A new Web site from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln provides access to a wide variety of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management, irrigation, drinking water, wastewater treatment, crop production, livestock, watershed or rural resident, for example ­ and go immediately to content specific to their interest. There are links

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

485

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

January 2012 January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 190,109 - - - - 264,348 6,359 12,794 445,596 2,425 0 1,039,424 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 73,905 -587 13,044 6,935 - - -11,335 15,883 8,313 80,436 118,039 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 8,824 -587 - - 1,699 - - -805 4,946 2,754 3,041 16,791 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 65,081 - - 13,044 5,236 - - -10,530 10,937 5,559 77,395 101,248 Ethane/Ethylene

486

The world energy supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The pattern of the world's energy supply has undergone dramatic changes over the last century, and particularly over the last twenty years. The growth in the world's population and the ever-greater demand for energy will lead to the global environment being subjected to considerable strain. The world will require a new type of energy system, one that is technically feasible, but which will face many difficulties in gaining social and economic acceptance. The world's future energy supply will depend upon the rational exploitation of resources and the development of high technical standards in the fields of reliability and safety. The required social changes will include a change to more energy-conserving life styles and a strengthening of international co-operation in long-term energy and environmental research and development.

L.H.Th. Rietjens

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.PDF 3.PDF Table 13. Crude Oil Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks by PAD District, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels, Except Where Noted) Process PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4 5 Total Daily Average Supply Field Production .................................................... 734 29,902 109,919 12,961 36,593 190,109 6,133 Alaskan ............................................................. - - - - - - - - - 18,374 593 Lower 48 States ................................................ - - - - - 171,734 5,540 Imports (PAD District of Entry) ............................. 26,368 53,695 142,073 10,783 31,429 264,348 8,527 Commercial ...................................................... 26,368 53,695 142,073 10,783 31,429 264,348 8,527 Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) ................. - - - - - - - Net Receipts .........................................................

488

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2012 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 2,374,021 - - - - 3,120,755 53,567 34,134 5,489,516 24,693 0 1,060,764 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 881,306 -6,534 230,413 62,192 - - 23,894 186,270 115,054 842,159 153,268 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 116,002 -6,534 - - 10,680 - - -4,857 63,596 43,136 18,273 12,739 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 765,304 - - 230,413 51,512 - - 28,751 122,674 71,918

489

Ground-water resources of Lanfair and Fenner Valleys and vicinity, San Bernardino County, California  

SciTech Connect

Lanfair and Fenner Valleys and vicinity cover about 1300 square miles in eastern San Bernardino County, California. Average annual precipitation ranges from 3 to 10 inches over the area. Ground water is utilized primarily for stock and domestic purposes, and occurs in the unconsolidated deposits as well as in the highly fractured consolidated rocks. Ground-water levels in wells range from 5 to 600 feet below land surface, and well yields range from 3 to 1200 gallons per minute throughout the study area. Records indicate that water levels are at or near their predevelopment levels. Springs occur along faults and formational contacts and generally discharge less than 5 gallons per minute. Measured ground-water outflow from Lanfair Valley at Piute Spring ranged from 100 to 630 acre-feet per year. Outflow from Fenner Valley was estimated to be 270 acre-feet per year. Most of the water is of good quality for domestic and stock use. However, water from two wells indicates a concentration of sulfate that exceeds the recommended limit for drinking water. Water supplies are adequate for present needs. However, large-scale pumping would result in the lowering of the water table and a reduction of the ground water in storage. 10 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Freiwald, D.A.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Soviet Resources: Water in Wrong Places  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... plan contain a number of proposals for increasing the water supplies of the Union, including desalination schemes, the use of known underground waters and the prospecting for new subterranean supplies. ...

Our Soviet Correspondent

1971-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

491

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Oil and Gas Supply Module The NEMS Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM) constitutes a comprehensive framework with which to analyze crude oil and natural gas exploration and development on a regional basis (Figure 8). The OGSM is organized into 4 submodules: Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Offshore Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Oil Shale Supply Submodule[1], and Alaska Oil and Gas Supply Submodule. A detailed description of the OGSM is provided in the EIA publication, Model Documentation Report: The Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM), DOE/EIA-M063(2011), (Washington, DC, 2011). The OGSM provides crude oil and natural gas short-term supply parameters to both the Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module and the Petroleum

492

Iowa's first electrodialysis reversal water treatment plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1979 the City of Washington was notified by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) that the City was in violation of the radium standard for drinking water. The City of Washington authorized an engineering study to determine the most cost-effective and practical way to remove radium and, at the same time, improve overall water quality. Several possible treatment alternatives were evaluated. It was finally decided to utilize electrodialysis reversal (EDR). Washington obtains its water from three deep wells ranging in capacity from 600–780 gpm. The untreated water withdrawn from the wells first passes through the EDR units. There are three EDR units, each able to produce 285 gpm of finished water. In the future, another EDR unit can be easily added to the other three units, since the new plant was built and plumbed for an additional EDR unit if water demand increased. The Jordan aquifer supply is adequate for current and future needs. The average daily water usage in 1993 was 818,000 gal/d. In order to meet peak flows, it is possible to bypass the EDR units with part of the untreated water and then blend treated and untreated water. The treated water meets IDNR standards of 5.0 pC/L. After the EDR units, the water flows through an aerator where odor-causing gases and carbon dioxide are removed. Aeration reduces the amount of caustic soda and chlorine used in the finished water. The hydrogen sulfide gas leaves the water as it passes through the aerator, and this loss of gas creates less chlorine demand. Total and free chlorine residuals are now detected in every water main of the town, whereas before, the residuals would not be detected in certain area of Washington. Phosphates have been cut back from 7 pounds per day to one pound per day. Better water quality is now being achieved with fewer chemicals added to the finished water. Washington's water treatment plant is the first municipal EDR plant in the State of Iowa and one of the largest municipal installations in the United States.

John Hays

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

South Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with mining, extraction, and processing of uranium (U) for nuclear fuel and weapons have generated substantial quality, drinking water quality, bio treatment for the removal of uranium from water, vegetative treatment

494

Minimum Stream Flow and Water Sale Contracts (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Indiana Natural Resources Commission may provide certain minimum quantities of stream flow or sell water on a unit pricing basis for water supply purposes from the water supply storage in...

495

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 February 2012 Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Supply Monthly, ii December 2011 EIA DATA ARE AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC FORM All current EIA publications are available on the EIA web site. Users can view and download selected pages or entire reports, search for information, download EIA data and analysis applications, and find out about new EIA information products and services: World Wide Web: http://www.eia.doe.gov FTP: ftp://ftp.eia.doe.gov Customers who do not have access to the Internet may call the National Energy Information Center (NEIC) to request a single print-

496

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

With Data for September 2013 With Data for September 2013 November 2013 Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Supply Monthly, ii September 2013 EIA DATA ARE AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC FORM All current EIA publications are available on the EIA web site. Users can view and download selected pages or entire reports, search for information, download EIA data and analysis applications, and find out about new EIA information products and services: World Wide Web: http://www.eia.doe.gov FTP: ftp://ftp.eia.doe.gov Customers who do not have access to the Internet may call the National Energy Information Center (NEIC) to request a single print-

497

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Decemer 2011 Appendix D Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Information on the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve is available from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Petroleum Reserves web site at http://www.fossil.energy.gov/programs/reserves/heatingoil/. Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR) inventories now classified as ultra-low sulfur distillate (15 parts per million) are not considered to be in the commercial sector and therefore are excluded from distillate fuel oil supply and disposition statistics in Energy

498

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 7 September 2013 Appendix D Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Information on the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve is available from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Petroleum Reserves web site at http://www.fossil.energy.gov/programs/reserves/heatingoil/. Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR) inventories now classified as ultra-low sulfur distillate (15 parts per million) are not considered to be in the commercial sector and therefore are excluded from distillate fuel oil supply and disposition statistics in Energy

499

BUSINESS PLAN NIRMAL: LOW COST WATER PURIFICATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIRMAL #12;BUSINESS PLAN 2 NIRMAL: LOW COST WATER PURIFICATION I. Executive summary Nearly one the water. Hence we intend to address the issue by providing a low cost water purification system using billion people all over the world do not have access to safe drinking water.It is estimated that around 37

Mlllet, Dylan B.

500

Solving Water Quality Problems in the Home  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If your drinking water comes from a private water well, there are certain procedures you can follow to make sure the water is safe. This publication explains how to get your water tested and, if treatment is necessary, to select the correct...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z