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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Brookhaven National Laboratory Source Water Assessment for Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BNL 52608 Brookhaven National Laboratory Source Water Assessment for Drinking Water Supply Wells Under Contract with the United States Department of Energy Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 #12;BNL 52608 Brookhaven National Laboratory Source Water Assessment for Drinking Water Supply Wells December 27, 2000

2

Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community along the U regarding the quality of municipal drinking water supplies The Arizona Republic. 2007. Thirsty Arizona. Vol of bottled and tap water used by residents in Nogales, AZ according to the EPA primary drinking water

Fay, Noah

3

Perfluoroalkyl Acids in Drinking Water: Sources, Fate and Removal C. Eschauzier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perfluoroalkyl Acids in Drinking Water: Sources, Fate and Removal C. Eschauzier #12;Resumé thesis for the production of drinking water, if PFAAs are present in the groundwater they will most certainly pass through the treatment. More monitoring of groundwater abstraction areas is therefore recommended for the drinking water

van Rooij, Robert

4

Drinking Water Problems: Lead  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lead in drinking water can damage the brain, kidneys, nervous system and red blood cells. This publication explains how lead can enter drinking water, how to have your water tested, and how to eliminate lead from drinking water....

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

5

Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community along the U.S.-Mexico Border.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community along the U Dental Association (ADA) is concerned that individuals who primarily drink bottled water may, elucidated why Latinos perceive tap water to be unsafe for drinking, and identified whether individuals have

Fay, Noah

6

Private Drinking Water Wells as a Source of Exposure to Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) in Communities Surrounding a Fluoropolymer Production Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PFOA was detected in public drinking water. The settlementPFOA, or C8) into drinking water. Funds were administered byExposure to PFOA via drinking water Previous studies showed

Hoffman, Kate; Webster, Thomas F; Bartell, Scott M; Weisskopf, Marc G; Fletcher, Tony; Vieira, Veronica M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Private drinking water wells as a source of exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in communities surrounding a fluoropolymer production facility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PFOA was detected in public drinking water. The settlementPFOA, or C8) into drinking water. Funds were administered byExposure to PFOA via drinking water Previous studies showed

Hoffman, Kate; Webster, Thomas F; Bartell, Scott M; Weisskopf, Marc G; Fletcher, Tony; Vieira, Verónica M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Current and Long-Term Effects of Delta Water Quality on Drinking Water Treatment Costs from Disinfection Byproduct Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for protecting public drinking water (CALFED 2000), are alsobest management options for drinking water sourced from theDelta Authority. 2004. Drinking water quality program multi-

Chen, Wei-Hsiang; Haunschild, Kristine; Lund, Jay R.; Fleenor, William E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Drinking Water Problems: Perchlorate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in groundwater (Figure 1). Drinking Water Problems: Perchlorate Monty C. Dozier, Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist, Rebecca H. Melton, Extension Assistant, Texas Cooperative Extension, The Texas A&M University System Michael F. Hare, Senior Natural... in groundwater (Figure 1). Drinking Water Problems: Perchlorate Monty C. Dozier, Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist, Rebecca H. Melton, Extension Assistant, Texas Cooperative Extension, The Texas A&M University System Michael F. Hare, Senior Natural...

Dozier, Monty; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Porter, Dana; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

10

Safe Drinking Water Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Act Act Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Safe Drinking Water Act Year 1974 Url SDWA.jpg Description The Safe Drinking Water Act was established to protect the quality of drinking water in the U.S. References SDWA of 1974[1] Federal Oil and Gas[2] The Safe Drinking Water Act was established to protect the quality of drinking water in the U.S. This law focuses on all waters actually or potentially designated for drinking use, whether from above ground or underground sources. The Act authorized EPA to establish safe standards of purity and required all owners or operators of public water systems to comply with primary (health-related) standards. State governments, which assume this power from EPA, also encourage attainment of secondary standards (nuisance-related).

11

Drinking Water Problems: Corrosion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Problems: Corrosion Mark L. McFarland, Tony L. Provin, and Diane E. Boellstorff and fail. Corrosion can cause three types of damage: · The entire metal surface gradually thins and red (Fig. 1). · Deep pits appear that can penetrate pipe or tank walls. This type of corrosion may not add

12

Brookhaven's Drinking-Water Quality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Quality Water Quality The Lab's finished drinking water is produced with pride by the staff of BNL's Water Treatment Facility Home Groundwater Consumer Confidence Reports Water Treatment Process Resources Tap Water Recommendations Water Cooler Cleaning Additional Resources Brookhaven Lab Drinking Water Brookhaven produces its own drinking water for all employees, facility-users, guests, residents, and visitors on site at its Water Treatment Facility (WTF). BNL's drinking water is pumped from groundwater by five active wells and processed at the WTF which can handle up to 6 million gallons per day. The "finished" water is sent to the Lab's two storage towers and then distributed around the site via 45 miles of pipeline. To ensure that Brookhaven's water meets all applicable local, state, and

13

Removing Arsenic from Drinking Water  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

See how INL scientists are using nanotechnology to remove arsenic from drinking water. For more INL research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory

None

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

14

Removing Arsenic from Drinking Water  

SciTech Connect

See how INL scientists are using nanotechnology to remove arsenic from drinking water. For more INL research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Can fracking contaminate drinking water?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tiny cracks link deep shale gas reservoirs to shallow aquifers, but they may not be to blame for reports of contaminated drinking water

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Taps: The Dangers of Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

levels in Taiwan's drinking water. Journal of Toxicology andMagnesium and calcium in drinking water and death from acute31-36. Morris RD. Drinking water and cancer. Environmental

Burgess, Michael

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Drinking Water Standards Drinking water from a local public supply must  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Standards Drinking water from a local public supply must meet federal and state standards for safe drink- ing water. Two sets of standards-primary drinking water and secondary drinking water- establish Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) for a variety of contaminants. If the water sup- ply

Dyer, Bill

18

A review on sources, toxicity and remediation technologies for removing arsenic from drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Arsenic is a natural element found in the environment in organic and inorganic forms. The inorganic form is much more toxic and is found in ground water, surface water and many foods. This form is responsible ...

Ankita Basu; Debabrata Saha; Rumpa Saha; Tuhin Ghosh…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for crops and water for indus- tries. It is also connected to surface waters, and maintains the flow of rivers and streams and the level of wetlands- tion of those along Lake Michigan, most communi- ties, farms and industries still rely on ground water

Saldin, Dilano

20

A comparative study of the radiological hazard in sediments samples from drinking water purification plants supplied from different sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The natural radiation level has been determined for 135 sediment samples from forty-six drinking water purification plants supplied from different sources (Nile River, Ibrahimia Canal and Bahr Yousif Canal) aiming to evaluate the radiation hazard. The concentration of natural radionuclides (226Ra, 232Th and 40K) has been investigated by using gamma spectrometry (NaI (Tl) 3? × 3?) detector. The results showed that the concentrations of average activity in the sediment samples collected from Nile River, Ibrahimia Canal and Bahr Yousif Canal are (29 ± 2, 30 ± 2 and 240 ± 8 Bq kg?1), (47 ± 3, 46 ± 8 and 258 ± 12 Bq kg?1) and (28 ± 2, 27 ± 3 and 219 ± 18 Bq kg?1) for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K, respectively. The distributions of average activity concentrations of samples under investigation are within the world values although some extreme values have been determined. Radiological hazard effects such as: absorbed dose rate (D), outdoor and indoor annual effective dose equivalent (AEDE), radium equivalent activities (Raeq), hazard indices (Hex and Hin), gamma index (I?), excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR) and annual gonadal dose equivalent (AGDE) for the corresponding samples were also estimated.

Shams A.M. Issa; M.A.M. Uosif; Mahmoud Tammam; Reda Elsaman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Drinking Water Problems: Benzene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their water. Activated charcoal or granular activated carbon Cellulose fibers Unfiltered water inlet Filtered water outlet Carbon granules Cellulose fibers Cellulose fibers Figure 2: Granular activated carbon (GAC) filter (adapted from Parrott et al...). filters used to improve the taste or remove odor of the water also can remove some contaminants in water supplies. These filters are effective in removing vola- tile organic compounds which easily vaporize into the atmosphere under normal conditions...

Dozier, Monty; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

22

The Drinking Water Security and Safety Amendments of 2002: Is America's Drinking Water Infrastructure Safer Four Years Later?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Threats to Drinking Water Security . a.The Drinking Water Security and Safety Amendmentsof 2002: Is America's Drinking Water Infrastructure Safer

Shermer, Steven D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Bacterial nutrients in drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...drinking water. Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) is the portion of total organic carbon...aquatic organisms for growth. Often, the AOC constitutes just a fraction (0.1 to 9...the total dissolved organic carbon (9). AOC is measured by using a bioassay first proposed...

M W LeChevallier; W Schulz; R G Lee

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Drinking Water Problems: MTBE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methyl tertiary-butyl ether, a gasoline additive commonly known as MTBE, can contaminate ground water and cause health problems for those exposed to it for a long time. However, filtering devices can remove this and other additives from well water...

Dozier, Monty; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

25

Drinking Water Problems: Nitrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Extension Specialist, Rebecca H. Melton, Extension Assistant, Michael F. Hare, Senior Natural Resources Specialist Pesticide Programs Division, Janie Hopkins, Manager Groundwater Monitoring Section, Texas Water Development Board, Bruce J. Lesikar, Professor... and Extension Specialist, Rebecca H. Melton, Extension Assistant, Michael F. Hare, Senior Natural Resources Specialist Pesticide Programs Division, Janie Hopkins, Manager Groundwater Monitoring Section, Texas Water Development Board, Bruce J. Lesikar, Professor...

Dozier, Monty; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2008-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

26

Radioactive isotopes in Danish drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radioactive isotopes in Danish drinking water Sven P. Nielsen Risø National Laboratory Working OF INVESTIGATION 11 3 DESCRIPTION OF INVESTIGATION 12 4 RADIOACTIVITY IN DRINKING WATER 13 5 SAMPLING 15 6 27 #12;4 #12;5 Preface This project for investigation of radioactivity in drinking water shall

27

Public Health Issues Associated with Small Drinking Water Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public Health Issues Associated with Small Drinking Water Systems Not Regulated by the Safe Drinking Water Act From: Nonfederally Regulated Drinking Water Systems: State and Local Public Health ...........................................................................................5 Priority Environmental Public Health Challenges for Small Drinking Water Systems

28

Report seeks solutions for nitrate in drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrate in California’s Drinking Water report http://Clark Report seeks solutions for nitrate in drinking waternitrate contamination of drinking water in high-risk areas

Editors, By

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Drinking Water as Route of Exposure to Microcystins in Great Lakes Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water as Route of Exposure to Microcystins in Great Lakes Communities Primary Investigator Erie is a source of drinking water for many communities and may also be a source of algal toxins drinking water. While there are state regulatory standards for factors like turbidity and fecal coliforms

30

Assimilable Organic Carbon (AOC) in Drinking Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developments in water treatment The removal in water treatment of microorganisms causing the so-called “water-borne” diseases and the prevention of contamination of drinking water with these orga...

D. van der Kooij

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Arsenic Epidemiology and Drinking Water Standards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...occurrences of arsenic in ground water." Dictionaries and...History, Study and Remediation is an Arsenic Project...also provided. The Ground Water and Drinking Water Division...resource page on arsenic in ground water of the United States...

Allan H. Smith; Peggy A. Lopipero; Michael N. Bates; Craig M. Steinmaus

2002-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

32

Taste and Odor Problems in Clinton Lake Reservoir's Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taste and Odor Problems in Clinton Lake Reservoir's Drinking Water Diana L. Restrepo-Osorio (McNair Scholar) Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, INTRODUCTION Water is a requirement for human health and welfare; however..., an exceedingly large number of people around the world lack reliable sources of drinking water 1 . According to the World Health Organization, approximately 3.5 million people die every year, generally in developing countries, from diseases linked to poor...

Restrepo-Osorio, Dianna L.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

DRINKING WATER TESTING CLINICS Northern Shenandoah Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRINKING WATER TESTING CLINICS Northern Shenandoah Valley JUNE 2013 Does your water come) 828-1120. #12; DRINKING WATER TESTING CLINICS Northern Shenandoah Valley JUNE 2013 County FollowUp Meeting Tuesday, August 6th , 78:30 p.m. Room 101 Page: VCEPage County, 215 West Main

Liskiewicz, Maciej

34

June 20, 2001 Characterization of Arsenic Occurrence in US Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

June 20, 2001 Characterization of Arsenic Occurrence in US Drinking Water Treatment Facility Source The 1996 amendments to the US Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) mandate revision of current maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) for various harmful substances in public drinking water supplies. The determination

35

The water concept in the self-sufficient house Drinking rainwater and reusing wastewater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The water concept in the self-sufficient house Drinking rainwater and reusing wastewater Decentralized systems for drinking water processing could make a significant contribution to the Millennium the chance to do just that. Lack of drinking water hygiene is one of the main sources of disease transmission

Wehrli, Bernhard

36

The Sierra Club Guide to Safe Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Club Guide to Safe Drinking Water By Scott Lewis Reviewed byClub Guide to Safe Drinking Water. San Francisco: Sierrawe believed that our public drinking water was healthy and

Fisher, Brad

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Storing A Safe Emergency Drinking Water By Sharon Skipton,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Storing A Safe Emergency Drinking Water Supply By Sharon Skipton, UNL Extension Water Quality emergency drinking water supply on hand is a good idea. If you do not have an emergency water supply water supplies are suitable for storage. Private drinking water supplies suitable for drinking

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

38

DRINKING WATER ON EMPTY RINK WATER ON EMPTY STOMACHD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRINKING WATER ON EMPTY STOMACH RINK WATER ON EMPTY STOMACHD It is popular in Japan today to drink water immediately after waking up every morning. Furthermore, scientific tests have proven its value.. We publish below a description of use of water for our readers. For old and serious diseases as well

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

39

Drinking Water State Revolving Loan Fund (New Mexico)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Drinking Water State Revolving Loan Fund provides low cost financial assistance to eligible public water systems to finance the cost of repair and replacement of drinking water infrastructure,...

40

Drinking water in Cuba and seawater desalination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lack of drinking water has become a problem at world level because, in many places, supplies are very limited and, in other places, their reserves have been drained. At the present time there are estimated to be around two thousand million people that don't have drinking water for several reasons, such as drought, contamination and the presence of saline waters not suitable for human consumption. Because of the human need for water, they have always taken residence in areas where the supply was guaranteed, sometimes impeding the exploitation of other areas that can be economically very interesting. However, this resource is usually very close and in abundance in the form of seawater but its salinity makes it unusable for many basic requirements. Humanity has been forced, therefore, to take into consideration the possibilities of the economic treatment of seawater. Cuba has regions where the supplies of drinking water are scarce and others where the lack of this resource limits economic exploitation. The present work is approached with regard to the situation of hydro resources in Cuba, it includes: a description of the main hydrographic basins of the country; the contamination levels of the waters and the measures for mitigation; analysis of the supplies and demand for drinking water and its quality; regulatory aspects. The state of seawater desalination in Cuba is also included and the possibility of its realisation using nuclear energy and the advantages that this would bring is evaluated.

E. Meneses-Ruiz; L.M. Turtos-Carbonell; I. Oviedo-Rivero

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Impact of Non-Drinking Water Exposures on Drinking Water Standards: A Problem of Acceptable Levels of Risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under the Safe drinking Water Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to establish highly protective drinking water standards for compounds which are likely to contaminant public water supplies...

Paul S. Price

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Providing safe drinking water to 1.2 billion unserved people  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KEY WORDS Safe drinking water; ultraviolet waterto ensure access of safe drinking water to all of those inrespectively). Safe Drinking Water for Everyone: A Review

Gadgil, Ashok J.; Derby, Elisabeth A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Potential Effects of Organic Carbon Production on Ecosystems and Drinking Water Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Primary Drinking Water Regulations, disinfectantsand implications for drinking water quality and the Deltaand control in drinking water. American Chemical Society,

Brown, Larry R.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar disinfection of drinking water and diarrhoea in Maasai2001. Solar disinfection of drinking water protects againstdisinfection of drinking water contained in transparent

Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Arsenic-Free, Safe Drinking Water in Bangladesh. ” Worldburden from arsenic in drinking water in Bangladesh. ”Remediation of Bangladesh Drinking Water using Iron-oxide

Mathieu, Johanna L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh:Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Maytechnologies for drinking water treatment. Rev. Environ.

MATHIEU, JOHANNA L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Minerals leached into drinking water from rubber stoppers  

SciTech Connect

Drinking water and its delivery system are potential sources of variation in animal research. Concern arose that rubber stoppers used to cork water bottles might be a source of some nutritionally required minerals which could leach into drinking water. Six types of stoppers, each having different compositions, were cleaned with stainless-steel sipper tubes inserted into them and attached to polypropylene bottles filled with either deionized water (pH 4.5) or acidified-deionized water (pH 2.5). After six days of contact, water levels of copper, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc, chromium, and selenium were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Additionally, three of the stopper types were analyzed for mineral content. Minerals were present in both stoppers and drinking water. Acidified-deionized water generally leached minerals from the stoppers than did deionized water. The black stopper which is commonly used in animal facilities contained and leached measurable levels of some minerals, but it still can be recommended for typical animal husbandry uses, although other types of stoppers would be more suitable for specific nutritional and toxicologic studies.

Kennedy, B.W.; Beal, T.S. (Carbohydrate Nutrition Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, MD (United States))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Drinking Water Gary S. Silverman, Bowling Green State University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Gary S. Silverman, Bowling Green State University Key Concepts Preventing water, the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 has resulted in a comprehensive system of federal and state controls officials. Recent events suggest that although our drinking water usually is safe, serious problems may

49

Arsenic in drinking water Increases mortality from cardiovascular disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arsenic in drinking water Increases mortality from cardiovascular disease Allan H Smith professor of inorganic arsenic in drinking water causes cancer of the skin, bladder, lung, liver, and kidney.1 2 Mounting of a link between cardiovascular disease and arsenic in drinking water came in 1980 from Antofagasta, Chile

California at Berkeley, University of

50

Regional Drinking Water Security District Level Pilot Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional Drinking Water Security District Level Pilot Project Concept Note Milind Sohoni Head that most habitations of several talukas will face drinking water stress for much of the coming year. The central objective of the project will be to ensure regional drinking water security for a district

Sohoni, Milind

51

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Perchlorate in Drinking Water During Pregnancy and Neonatal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Perchlorate in Drinking Water During Pregnancy and Neonatal Thyroid Hormone Levels associations between maternal drinking water per- chlorate exposure during pregnancy and newborn thyroid in the United States may have been drinking water with perchlorate concentrations greater than 4 g/L,4 a level

California at Berkeley, University of

52

Looking For Traces of Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Looking For Traces of Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water By Daniel D. Snow, Ph.D. Director traces of drugs in the public drinking water supplies of 24 major U.S. metropolitan areas. This has in drinking water supplies is not new, but the classes of contaminants being tested for are. Pharmaceuticals

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

53

Cleaning Membranes with Focused Ultrasound Beams for Drinking Water Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cleaning Membranes with Focused Ultrasound Beams for Drinking Water Treatment Jian-yu Lu1 , Xi Du2 micro pollutants such as harmful organics and cannot meet the demand for high-quality drinking water. Membrane technologies are known to produce drinking water of the highest quality. However, membrane fouling

Lu, Jian-yu

54

Toxicology 198 (2004) 3944 Arsenic drinking water regulations in developing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toxicology 198 (2004) 39­44 Arsenic drinking water regulations in developing countries identified 10 g/l as a goal which later became the World Health Organization Guideline for drinking water in 1992. Epidemiological studies have shown that about one in 10 people drinking water containing 500 g

California at Berkeley, University of

55

Combating An Odorless, Tasteless, Unseen Problem in Nebraska Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combating An Odorless, Tasteless, Unseen Problem in Nebraska Drinking Water By Steve Ress You can with the specter of arsenic contamination in their drinking water. For more than 60 years, the maximum allowable limit for arsenic in public drinking water supplies has been 50 parts per billion (ppb) and most public

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

56

Mineral balances, including in drinking water, estimated for Merced County dairy herds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of daily mineral intake, drinking-water mineral contributionND Total daily intake, including minerals in drinking water.mineral contents in drinking water and daily drinking-water

Castillo, Alejandro R Dr.; Santos, Jose Eduardo P.; Tabone, Tom J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Planning Drinking Water for Airplanes Marco Bijvank, Menno Dobber,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning Drinking Water for Airplanes Marco Bijvank, Menno Dobber, Maarten Soomer, Vrije estimation, cubic spline, maximum likelihood 1 Introduction During flights people use drinking water of water on board of all flights to fulfill customer's demand. On the other hand, the surplus of water

Hofstad, Remco van der

58

USE ONLY WATER THAT HAS BEEN PROPERLY DISINFECTED FOR DRINKING, COOKING, MAKING ANY PREPARED DRINK, OR FOR BRUSHING TEETH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USE ONLY WATER THAT HAS BEEN PROPERLY DISINFECTED FOR DRINKING, COOKING, MAKING ANY PREPARED DRINK. (U.S. federal agencies and the Red Cross recommend these same four steps to disinfect drinking water OF DRINKING WATER More information about disinfection In times of crisis, follow advice from local officials

Tullos, Desiree

59

Most terrestrial vertebrates are able to replace water lost to the environment by drinking water. In amniotes, drinking is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the efficiency of water transport, such as volume per kinematic cycle) may be randomly variable with littleMost terrestrial vertebrates are able to replace water lost to the environment by drinking water, not drinking, because water, unlike food, is physically uniform (at least between 1 and 99 °C). Modifications

Behe, Michael J.

60

Your Actions Can Help Protect Our Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication offers advice on how to protect our drinking water supply by properly selecting, storing, using and disposing of household hazardous products....

Harris, Janie

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

From: "Cheryl Beecroft" Subject: Drinking Water Results-ITB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From: "Cheryl Beecroft" Subject: Drinking Water Results-ITB Date: Fri, 1 Oct samples collected at ITB. The results were below the allowable level of 10ug/L for lead in drinking water 2010 15:54:56 -0400 To: Please see the table below for lead content in water

Thompson, Michael

62

Long-Term Succession of Structure and Diversity of a Biofilm Formed in a Model Drinking Water Distribution System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formation in a model drinking water distribution system. J.and activity in drinking water distribution networks underbacterial species from drinking water biofilms and proof of

Martiny, A. C; Jorgensen, T. M; Albrechtsen, H.-J.; Arvin, E.; Molin, S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Drinking water treatment and distribution systems must comply with US EPA water quality regula-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking water treatment and distribution systems must comply with US EPA water quality regula trihalomethanes (THMs). Drinking water providers do frequent, costly testing for THMs. Field real-time sensors PROJECT GOALS The goal of this project was to bring a team of experts in drinking water, polymers

Fay, Noah

64

Reassessing Radon in Drinking Water: Searching for Perspective on Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reassessing Radon in Drinking Water: Searching for Perspective on Radiation Reassessing Radon in Drinking Water: Searching for Perspective on Radiation Risks Speaker(s): Richard Sextro Date: October 27, 1998 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Although most of the exposures to radon and its radioactive decay products arise from indoor airborne radon originating in the soil adjacent to buildings, some contact with radon can occur due to its presence in drinking water. The exposures and health risks associated with radon dissolved in drinking water are typically much smaller, although the magnitude of the exposures and risks have been uncertain and the subject of some controversy. The 1996 Amendments to the (U.S.) Safe Drinking Water Act required the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to contract with the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to re-evaluate the risks associated with

65

Effect of turbidity on chlorination efficiency and bacterial persistence in drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...turbidities and the efficiency of chlorination in drinking water, experiments were...turbidities and the efficiency of chlorination in drinking water, experiments were...impacts drinking water quality. Disinfection efficiency, hence, efficacy...

M W LeChevallier; T M Evans; R J Seidler

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF Fe IN DRINKING WATER Background Reading: Harris, 7th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF Fe IN DRINKING WATER Background Reading: Harris, 7th ed., Chap contaminants in drinking water can be determined spectrophotometrically, including iron. Although iron the iron content of drinking water to

Weston, Ken

67

Arsenic exposure from drinking water and mortality from cardiovascular disease in Bangladesh: prospective cohort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH Arsenic exposure from drinking water and mortality from cardiovascular disease the association. Design Prospective cohort study with arsenic exposure measured in drinking water from wells was 214.3 per 100 000 person years in people drinking water containing

van Geen, Alexander

68

Application of Artificially Immobilized Microorganisms to Nitrate Removal from Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Nitrate Removal from Drinking Water By Sean X. Liu andFor biological treatment of drinking water, several crucialalginate gel beads to drinking water treatment has proved to

Liu, Sean X; Hermanowicz, Slawomir W

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Aluminum and copper in drinking water enhance inflammatory oroxidative events specifically in the brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T. , 1999. Copper in drinking water, Nebraska, 1994. Int. J.to aluminum in drinking water increases inflammatoryH.E. , Kappel, S. , 1984. Drinking-water-induced copper

Bondy, Stephen Bondy C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

An evaluation of invertebrate dynamics in a drinking water distribution system: a South African perspective .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The occurrence of invertebrates in drinking water supplies is a common consumer complaint with studies showing that very few drinking water distribution networks are totally… (more)

Shaddock, Bridget

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Iodine in Drinking Waters, Vegetables, Cottonseed Meal, and Roughages.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIBRARY, A & M COLLEGE, G. S. FRAPS and J. F. FUDGE Division of Chemistry TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR, College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 595 NOVEMBER 1940 -- IODINE IN DRINKING WATERS, VEGETABLES..., COTTONSEED MEAL, AND ROUGEIAGES ! .I rq?,\\?Y - AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President A96-1140-7M-LJ.80 5 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Iodine was determined in nearly 500 samples of city and rural drinking waters...

Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin); Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Filtration plant for drinking water James Tarchala [1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Filtration plant for drinking water James Tarchala [1] Alexandre Selhorst [2] Cheny Thao [3] 1 2 3 Riley, Wang, Aaron Nolan (Not Pictured) 12/1/2014 #12;Reclaiming waste HEAT TO PRE- HEAT WATER IN a FACTORY HOT WATER SYSTEM Group 5: Joseph Von Arx(1) Aaron McKeown(2) Kyle Swanson(3) Ian Klecka(4) 1 2 3 4

Kostic, Milivoje M.

73

For Immediate Release --Monday, March 18, 2013 From Glaciers to drinking water: University of Lethbridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to drinking water: University of Lethbridge Water Resource Experts Available on World about the water we drink) - Does pollution affect a fish Water Day, Friday, Mar. 22 - Where have all the glaciers

Seldin, Jonathan P.

74

Disinfection Procedure for Water Distribution Pipelines Drinking water contamination can be prevented by hydrostatic testing and disinfection of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disinfection Procedure for Water Distribution Pipelines Drinking water contamination can pipeline connections to the system, and respond to requests for drinking water assessments. And, any be prevented by hydrostatic testing and disinfection of potable water distribution pipelines before connecting

de Lijser, Peter

75

Naturally Occurring Alpha-Activity of Drinking Waters  

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... whether the observed values applied to radium-226 or also included gaseous products such as radon-222, known to exist in certain waters at considerably higher levels of activity than ... of 71 drinking waters available in Britain, and in addition we report the values for radon-222 and radium-224 (thorium X) when present.

R. C. TURNER; J. M. RADLEY; W. V. MAYNEORD

1961-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

76

Disinfection of drinking water by using a novel electrochemical reactor employing carbon-cloth electrodes.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reactor for clean and efficient water purification. Disinfection of drinking...reactor for clean and efficient water purification. | Department of Biotechnology...reactor for clean and efficient water purification. Disinfection of drinking...

T Matsunaga; S Nakasono; T Takamuku; J G Burgess; N Nakamura; K Sode

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

CHARACTERISATION OF AGED HDPE PIPES FROM DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION: INVESTIGATION OF CRACK DEPTH BY NOL RING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARACTERISATION OF AGED HDPE PIPES FROM DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION: INVESTIGATION OF CRACK DEPTH are used for the transport of drinking water. However, disinfectants in water seem to have a strong impact for the distribution of drinking water. HDPE pipes are exposed to an internal pressure due to water flow. Furthermore

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

78

Analysis of drinking water for the detection of trihalomethanes  

SciTech Connect

Drinking water of the Dammam metropolitan area is a blend of raw well water and desalinated water obtained from the Al-Azizia seawater desalination plant. Chlorination is the only disinfection method applied to the blended water before the water is pumped into the distribution system. Chlorination of water containing organic compounds results in the formation of trihalomethanes. In general, the known carcinogenic and physiological effects of THMs other than chloroform are limited. However, based on their structural similarity to chloroform, these compounds can be considered health hazards. The present study was carried out in order to determine the extent of the occurrence of THMs in finished drinking water in some of the major cities of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.

Fayad, N.M.; Iqbal S.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

On 1 January 2006, a new U.S. drinking water standard of 10 g arsenic/L will come into effect [U.S. Environmental Protection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On 1 January 2006, a new U.S. drinking water standard of 10 µg arsenic/L will come into effect [U limit of As in drinking water from 50 µg/L to 10 µg/L because it promises to reduce the risk of an array states, where drinking water sources are most likely to exceed the 10 µg/L limit, public agencies

van Geen, Alexander

80

The effects of wavelength, metals, and reactive oxygen species on the sunlight inactivation of microorganisms: observations and applications to the solar disinfection of drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Disinfection of Drinking Water and Oral Rehydrationof Boiling to Disinfect Drinking Water in Rural Vietnam.Solar disinfection of drinking water and diarrhoea in Maasai

Fisher, Michael Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Investigation of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) in flemish drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of the study was to investigate the drinking water supplied to majority of residents of Flanders in Belgium. Over 500 water samples were collected from different locations, after particular and complete treatment procedure to evaluate the efficiency of each treatment step in production of biologically stable drinking water. In this study assimilable organic carbon (AOC) was of our interest and was assumed as a parameter responsible for water biostability. The influence of seasons and temperature changes on AOC content was also taken into account. The AOC in most of the non-chlorinated product water of the studied treatment plants could not meet the biostability criteria of 10 ?g/l, resulting in the mean AOC concentration of 50 ?g/l. However, majority of the examined chlorinated water samples were consistent with proposed criteria of 50–100 ?g/l for systems maintaining disinfectant residual. Here, mean AOC concentration of 72 ?g/l was obtained. Granular activated carbon filtration was helpful in diminishing AOC content of drinking water; however, the nutrient removal was enhanced by biological process incorporated into water treatment (biological activated carbon filtration). Disinfection by means of chlorination and ozonation increased the water AOC concentration while the ultraviolet irradiation showed no impact on the AOC content. Examination of seasonal AOC variations showed similar fluctuations in six units with the highest values in summer and lowest in winter.

Monika Polanska; Koen Huysman; Chris van Keer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Contamination levels of human pharmaceutical compounds in French surface and drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-west France. 98 samples were analysed from 63 stations (surface water and drinking water produced from surfaceContamination levels of human pharmaceutical compounds in French surface and drinking water S therapeutic classes was analysed from resource and drinking water in two catchment basins located in north

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

83

A Comparison of the Performance of Two Chromatographic and Three Extraction Techniques for the Analysis of PAHs in Sources of Drinking Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......environment by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and the burning...levels of contamination from coal tar coating of water pipes...References 1. R.P. Wayne. Chemistry of the Atmospheres, 3rd Ed...of PAHs in groundwater at a coal tar site. Environ. Sci......

Nora E. Díaz-Moroles; Humberto J. Garza-Ulloa; Rocío Castro-Ríos; Elsa G. Ramírez-Villarreal; Juan M. Barbarín-Castillo; María dela Luz Salazar-Cavazos; Noemí Waksman-de Torres

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Detection of Heavy Metal Ions in Drinking Water Using a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and clinical toxicology. A number of techniques have been developed over the years for heavy metal ion analysisDetection of Heavy Metal Ions in Drinking Water Using a High-Resolution Differential Surface-resolution differential surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor for heavy metal ion detection. The sensor surface

Chen, Wilfred

85

The waters of Southeastern Wisconsin are vast but vulnerable. We depend on our waters for drinking water, irrigation, industry, transportation,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The waters of Southeastern Wisconsin are vast but vulnerable. We depend on our waters for drinking for drinking water is rising in the United States and around the world due to population growth. At the same water, irrigation, industry, transportation, power production, recreation and scenic beauty

Saldin, Dilano

86

Reverse osmosis treatment to remove inorganic contaminants from drinking water  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the research project was to determine the removal of inorganic contaminants from drinking water using several state-of-the-art reverse osmosis membrane elements. A small 5-KGPD reverse osmosis system was utilized and five different membrane elements were studied individually with the specific inorganic contaminants added to several natural Florida ground waters. Removal data were also collected on naturally occurring substances.

Huxstep, M.R.; Sorg, T.J.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Drinking Water Problems: Iron and Manganese  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iron and manganese can give water an unpleasant taste, odor and color. In this publication you'll learn how to know whether your water contains iron or manganese and how to eliminate these contaminants with various treatment methods such as aeration...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

88

Nitrate removal from drinking water -- Review  

SciTech Connect

Nitrate concentrations in surface water and especially in ground water have increased in Canada, the US, Europe, and other areas of the world. This trend has raised concern because nitrates cause methemoglobiinemia in infants. Several treatment processes including ion exchange, biological denitrification, chemical denitrification, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, and catalytic denitrification can remove nitrates from water with varying degrees of efficiency, cost, and ease of operation. Available technical data, experience, and economics indicate that ion exchange and biological denitrification are more acceptable for nitrate removal than reverse osmosis. Ion exchange is more viable for ground water while biological denitrification is the preferred alternative for surface water. This paper reviews the developments in the field of nitrate removal processes.

Kapoor, A.; Viraraghavan, T. [Univ. of Regina, Saskatchewan (Canada)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

ATSDR MEDIA ANNOUNCEMENT Federal Health Agency Completes Analyses of Tarawa Terrace Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1957 through February 1987, received drinking water contaminated with tetrachloroethylene (PCE of 5 micrograms per liter; the maximum concentration of PCE in the Tarawa Terrace drinking water the levels of PCE and PCE degradation by-products in the drinking water serving their homes in Tarawa Terrace

Jacobs, Laurence J.

90

Associations Between Drinking Water and Urinary Arsenic Levels and Skin Lesions in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Associations Between Drinking Water and Urinary Arsenic Levels and Skin Lesions in Bangladesh Graziano, PhD The present study examined the associations between drinking water and urinary arsenic levels currently drinking water containing concentrations of arsenic 50 g/L. The risk for skin lesions in relation

van Geen, Alexander

91

Arsenic in Drinking Water and Skin Lesions: Dose-Response Data from West Bengal, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arsenic in Drinking Water and Skin Lesions: Dose-Response Data from West Bengal, India Reina Haque the dose-re- sponse relation between low arsenic concentrations in drinking water and arsenic-induced skin peak arsenic concentration in drinking water was 325 g/liter for cases and 180 g/liter for controls

California at Berkeley, University of

92

ARSENIC IN DRINKINGARSENIC IN DRINKING WATER: HEALTH EFFECTS ANDWATER: HEALTH EFFECTS AND  

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ARSENIC IN DRINKINGARSENIC IN DRINKING WATER: HEALTH EFFECTS ANDWATER: HEALTH EFFECTS AND CURRENT;EPA. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Arsenic and Clarification to Compliance and New National Occurrence and Exposure to Arsenic in Public Drinking Water Supplies (Revised Draft). Washington

93

Bishop's University "Think Global, Drink Local" Bottled Water Free Implementation Plan  

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Bishop's University "Think Global, Drink Local" Bottled Water Free Implementation Plan 1 Table.......................................................................................Page 8 #12;Bishop's University "Think Global, Drink Local" Bottled Water Free Implementation Plan 2 Introduction: The "Think Global, Drink Local" Bottled Water Free Campaign, a student run initiative, has been

94

Original Contribution Arsenic Exposure from Drinking Water and Risk of Premalignant Skin Lesions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original Contribution Arsenic Exposure from Drinking Water and Risk of Premalignant Skin Lesions, 2006. Millions of persons around the world are exposed to low doses of arsenic through drinking water from drinking water over a significant period of time. The authors evaluated dose-response relations

van Geen, Alexander

95

September 3, 1999 Characterization of Arsenic Occurrence in US Drinking Water Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

September 3, 1999 Characterization of Arsenic Occurrence in US Drinking Water Treatment Facility amendments to the US Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) mandate revision of current maxi­ mum contaminant levels (MCLs) for various harmful substances in public drinking water supplies. The determination of a revised

96

Sector reform impact on rural drinking water schemes -A case study from Raigad district in Maharashtra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- Sector reform impact on rural drinking water schemes - A case study from Raigad district of Technology, Bombay Abstract: This paper analyses the ground level impact of the national rural drinking water policy in Maharashtra. We observe that compared to what is reflected in the national rural drinking water

Sohoni, Milind

97

Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements Mary Tiemann c11173008 . #12;Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements Congressional Research Service Summary This report summarizes the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its major

Firestone, Jeremy

98

Increased Childhood Liver Cancer Mortality and Arsenic in Drinking Water in Northern Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increased Childhood Liver Cancer Mortality and Arsenic in Drinking Water in Northern Chile Jane, California Environmental Protection Agency, Oakland, California Abstract Arsenic in drinking water of elevated arsenic levels in drinking water, in particular from 1958 to 1970. This unique exposure scenario

California at Berkeley, University of

99

Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency Allan H. Smith the history of the discovery of arsenic in drinking-water in Bangladesh and recommends intervention strategies in groundwater indicate that 1 in 10 people who drink water containing 500 mg of arsenic per litre may ultimately

California at Berkeley, University of

100

Decrements in Lung Function Related to Arsenic in Drinking Water in West Bengal, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decrements in Lung Function Related to Arsenic in Drinking Water in West Bengal, India Ondine S­2000, the authors investigated relations between lung function, respiratory symptoms, and arsenic in drinking water. Worldwide, populations have been identified that con- sume drinking water with arsenic concentrations above

California at Berkeley, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Multiple regression models: A methodology for evaluating trihalomethane concentrations in drinking water from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

September 2001; accepted 28 January 2002 Abstract The presence of trihalomethanes (THMs) in drinking water in finished drinking water, using data from the Menidi Treatment Plant of Athens. A number of routinely Science Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Multiple regression model; Trihalomethanes; Drinking water

Arhonditsis, George B.

102

Drinking Water Systems, Hydrology, and Childhood GastrointestinalIllnessinCentralandNorthernWisconsin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Systems, Hydrology, and Childhood Gastrointestinal, MD, and Jonathan A. Patz, MD Contaminated drinking water is responsible for a widespread disease gastrointestinal illness (GI) attributable to drinking water in the range of 2 to 19 million cases per year.2

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

103

Improvement of Drinking Water Quality in Developing Countries: Microbial and Geogenic Contamination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improvement of Drinking Water Quality in Developing Countries: Microbial and Geogenic Contamination for chemical and micro- biological treatment of drinking water at the household scale. The course will cover in developing and emerging coun- tries, who wish to learn more about household drinking water quality

Wehrli, Bernhard

104

Aluminium in drinking water and cognitive decline in elderly subjects: the Paquid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Aluminium in drinking water and cognitive decline in elderly subjects: the Paquid cohort.Rondeau@isped.u-bordeaux2.fr Key words: Cognitive decline, aluminium, silica, drinking water Word count : 954 inserm recently reported a significant association between the concentration of aluminium in drinking water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

105

Introduction Global demand for drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(+/- 14) Median household income between $60,000 and $80,000. "Somewhat Liberal" political views 82% white 12% Hispanic 43% male 35% live outside inner city 21% state immigrants 38% positive water quality 40

Hall, Sharon J.

106

Arsenic in your water?: Economists study perceptions of risks from drinking water high in arsenic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arsenic in water?your tx H2O | pg. 27 Story by Kathy Wythe Economists study perceptions of risks from drinking water high in arsenic In several ?hot spots? across the United States people may be drinking water with high levels of naturally... occurring arsenic without understanding the associated risks, according to agricultural economists. ?Many households in arsenic ?hot spots? are in fact being exposed to harmful doses of arsenic,? said Dr. Douglass Shaw, professor of agricultural...

Wythe, Kathy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

2012 Edition of the Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories (EPA 822-S-12-001)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Edition of the Drinking Edition of the Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories 2012 Edition of the Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories EPA 822-S-12-001 Office of Water U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, DC Spring 2012 Date of update: April, 2012 Recycled/Recyclable Printed on paper that contains at least 50% recycled fiber. Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories Spring 2012 Page iii of vi iii The Health Advisory (HA) Program, sponsored by the EPA's Office of Water (OW), publishes concentrations of drinking water contaminants at Drinking Water Specific Risk Level Concentration for cancer (10 -4 Cancer Risk) and concentrations of drinking water contaminants at which noncancer adverse health effects are not anticipated to occur over specific exposure

108

Identification of Bacteria in Biofilm and Bulk Water Samples from a Nonchlorinated Model Drinking Water Distribution System: Detection of a Large Nitrite-Oxidizing Population Associated with Nitrospira spp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formation in a model drinking water distribution system. J.and activity in drinking water distribution networks underbacterial species from drinking water biofilms and proof of

Martiny, A. C; Albrechtsen, H.-J.; Arvin, E.; Molin, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

GRR/Section 6-UT-c - Drinking Water Permit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-UT-c - Drinking Water Permit 6-UT-c - Drinking Water Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 6-UT-c - Drinking Water Permit 06UTCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Utah Department of Environmental Quality Regulations & Policies R309-100 Administration: Drinking Water Program Utah Water Well Rules R655-4 Safe Drinking Water Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 06UTCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Public water systems are responsible for drinking water infastructure,

110

DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR MANAGEMENT OF WATER SOURCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR MANAGEMENT OF WATER SOURCES Nejc Trdin1, 2 , Marko Bohanec1 , Mitja.bohanec}@ijs.si, mitja.janza@geo-zs.si ABSTRACT Meeting the quality criteria for drinking water is one of the areas which of data collected while monitoring water adequacy, an expert carries a large burden and also his decisions

Bohanec, Marko

111

Author's personal copy Reply to the comment ``Bottled drinking water: Water contamination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Reply Reply to the comment ``Bottled drinking water: Water contamination glass is not a likely physical process to cause the concentra- tion differences found for the same water with the bottle walls or be due to the formation and dissolution of colloids in the water during storage

Filzmoser, Peter

112

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results & Policy Implications Title Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results & Policy Implications Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2009 Authors Mathieu, Johanna L., Ashok J. Gadgil, Kristin Kowolik, and Susan E. Addy Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate-bottom ash from coal fired power plants-is a waste material readily available in South Asia. In comparison to similar technologies, ARUBA uses less media for arsenic removal due to its high surface area to volume ratio. Hence, less waste is produced. A number of experiments were conducted in Bangladesh to determine the effectiveness of various water treatment protocols. It was found that (1) ARUBA removes more thanhalf of the arsenic from water within five minutes of treatment, (2) ARUBA, that has settled at the bottom of a treatment vessel, continues to remove arsenic for 2-3 days, (3) ARUBA's arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through sequential partial dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once), and (4) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic levels ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well. Our findings imply a number of tradeoffs between ARUBA's effective arsenic removal capacity, treatment system costs, and waste output. These tradeoffs, some a function of arsenic-related policies in Bangladesh (e.g., waste disposal regulations), must be considered when designing anarsenic removal system. We propose that the most attractive option is to use ARUBA in communityscale water treatment centers, installed as public-private partnerships, in Bangladeshi villages

113

Structural Changes of Bimetallic PdX/Cu (1-X) Nanocatalysts Developed for Nitrate Reduction of Drinking Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Drinking Water Huiping Xu1,2 , Ray Twesten3 , Kathryn Guy4 , John Shapley4 , Charles Werth5 , Anatoly alternative for nitrate removal in drinking water [1]. Fundamental understanding how the atomic arrangement for the purification of drinking water. INTRODUCTION Presently nitrate in drinking water is either not removed

Frenkel, Anatoly

114

Assessing the Risk of Mercury in Drinking Water after UV Lamp Breaks Page 1 Assessing the Risk of Mercury in Drinking Water after UV Lamp Breaks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing the Risk of Mercury in Drinking Water after UV Lamp Breaks Page 1 Assessing the Risk of Mercury in Drinking Water after UV Lamp Breaks Heidi Borchers University of New Hampshire, Environmental Ultraviolet (UV) lamps generate ultraviolet light through the vaporization of elemental mercury, by using

115

Defluoridation of drinking water using metal embedded biocarbon technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The water that circulates in contact with fluorinated ores is particularly rich in fluoride. The beneficial and the harmful effects of fluoride consumption are well documented. The dental and skeletal fluorosis is the widespread harmful effects of a long consumption of fluoride. WHO recommended level of fluoride in drinking water is 1.5 mg/L. Different methods have been tested for defluoridation of waters such as coagulation, adsorption, precipitation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, and electrodialysis. The metal embedded biocarbon sorption method is promising in defluoridation of drinking water. The optimal operating conditions such as effect of contact time, effect of pH and effect of adsorbent dose for fluoride removal from aqueous solution using metal embedded biocarbon technology have been determined on synthetic wastewater. The temperature for the continuous mode of experiments was 27 ± 2°C. The result indicates that maximum removal (98%) of fluoride ion was achieved in 180 minutes. The amount of biocarbon dose is 2.0 g. The present results highlight the use of indigenous medicinal plants for the removal of fluoride in ground water. It is economically feasible option because of its bioavailability and its efficiency.

Malairajan Singanan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Bottled drinking water: water contamination from bottle materials (glass, hard PET, soft PET), the influence of colour and acidification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bottled drinking water: water contamination from bottle materials (glass, hard PET, soft PET in glass at pH 3.5). None of the leachates approaches the maximum concentrations for drinking water- QMS) in 294 samples of the same bottled water (predominantly mineral water) sold in the European Union

Filzmoser, Peter

117

hat water you're drinking --or sprinkling onto your flowers, or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be found in surface Aluminum may cause Reverse osmosis, distillation Household water: 0.05-0.2 ppm, EPA (Al) water from industrial discoloration of water or or electrodialysis. Secondary Drinking Water Standard containing include increased risk of filtration, reverse osmosis, ultra- Drinking Standard. other elements

118

Volatile Halogenated Hydrocarbons in River Water, Ground Water, Drinking Water and Swimming-Pool Water in the Federal Republic of Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With increasing shortage of ground water it becomes more and more necessary to use surface water as a resource for drinking water and swimming-pool water preparation. In the judgement of water...

M. Sonneborn; S. Gerdes; R. Schwabe

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Lung Cancer and Arsenic Concentrations in Drinking Water in Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cancer risks was found in a small cohort study in Japan involving residents using well water con concentrations in water sources piped to households. It is the first large, popula- tion-based lung cancer case

California at Berkeley, University of

120

Study on radon and radium concentrations in drinking water in west region of Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most important characterizations of social health is existence the availability of safe drinking water. Since one of the sources of water contamination is nuclear contamination from radon gas, so in this research radon 222 concentration levels in water supplies in the Toyserkan (a region located in the west of Iran) is investigated. For measuring radon gas in water wells and springs Lucas chamber method is used. Review the results of these measurements that taken from 15th place show that, only five sites have radon concentrations above the limit dose. To reduce radon concentration, it is better to keep water in open pools in contact with air before the water is delivered to users.

Forozani, Ghasem

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Chemical compounds and toxicological assessments of drinking water stored in polyethylene terephthalate (PET)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical compounds and toxicological assessments of drinking water stored in polyethyleneMS, gas chromatographyemass spectrometry; HDPE, high density polyethylene; HULYs, human blood lymphocytes

Short, Daniel

122

Safe Drinking Water Act: Environmental Guidance Program Reference Book. Revision 6  

SciTech Connect

This report presents information on the Safe Drinking Water Act. Sections are presented on: Legislative history and statute; implementing regulations; and updates.

Not Available

1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using Iron-oxide Coated Coal Ash. ” In Arsenic Contaminationarsenic from drinking water: Coal ash coated with ferricwater per day. However, the coal ash required to treat that

Mathieu, Johanna L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Aluminum and copper in drinking water enhance inflammatory oroxidative events specifically in the brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects of iron and aluminum on stress-related genelopathy syndrome. Possible aluminum intoxication. N. Engl.Chronic exposure to aluminum in drinking water increases

Bondy, Stephen Bondy C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Aluminum and copper in drinking water enhance inflammatory oroxidative events specifically in the brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000. Characterization of copper interactions with AlzheimerJ. , Flodman, T. , 1999. Copper in drinking water, Nebraska,the oxidative stress of copper-mediated melanin formation.

Bondy, Stephen Bondy C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Drinking Water Arsenic in Northern Chile: High Cancer Risks 40 Years after Exposure Cessation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Articles Drinking Water Arsenic in Northern Chile: High Cancer...worldwide are exposed to arsenic-contaminated water. In the largest city in northern Chile...people were exposed to high arsenic drinking water concentrations from 1958 until 1970 when...

Craig M. Steinmaus; Catterina Ferreccio; Johanna Acevedo Romo; Yan Yuan; Sandra Cortes; Guillermo Marshall; Lee E. Moore; John R. Balmes; Jane Liaw; Todd Golden; Allan H. Smith

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Is climate driving safe drinking water availability and access to sanitation facilities? Antarpreet Jutla1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is climate driving safe drinking water availability and access to sanitation facilities? Antarpreet that safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities lead to a considerable reduction in prevalence Spring, MD 2 Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Health, Department of Public Health and Environment, World

Miami, University of

128

WATER alert!: using mobile phones to improve community perspective on drinking water quality in South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drinking water quality, in many parts of South Africa, is far below acceptable standards. With a high number of illnesses and deaths in the country due to diarrheal diseases, the impact is critical. This research addresses the challenge of reporting ... Keywords: HCI, ICTD, South Africa, low-literate user interfaces, mobile phones, user-centered design, water quality

Deana Brown; Gary Marsden; Ulrike Rivett

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use at Wisconsin’s Drinking Water Utilities. AvailableFinancial Assistance for Small Drinking Water Systems. U.S.of Ground Water and Drinking Water. Report 816-K-02-005.

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

GRR/Section 6-AK-c - Drinking Water Permit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-AK-c - Drinking Water Permit 6-AK-c - Drinking Water Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 6-AK-c - Drinking Water Permit 06AKCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation Regulations & Policies 18 AAC 80 Drinking Water 40 CFR 141 40 CFR 142 40 CFR 143 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 06AKCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Alaska's drinking water program is monitored under the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. The type of permit required depends on the

131

Environmental justice implications of arsenic contamination in California¿s San Joaquin Valley: a cross-sectional, cluster-design examining exposure and compliance in community drinking water systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Drinking Water and Environmental Management; 2008. 26.of Drinking Water and Environmental Management; 2008. 28.of Drinking Water and Environmental Management, CDPH), Dr.

Balazs, Carolina L; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Hubbard, Alan E; Ray, Isha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Environmental justice implications of arsenic contamination in California¿s San Joaquin Valley: a cross-sectional, cluster-design examining exposure and compliance in community drinking water systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in community drinking water systems. Environmental Healthconcentrations in drinking water in Chile. Epidemiologyand enforcement of the safe drinking water act: The Arizona

Balazs, Carolina L; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Hubbard, Alan E; Ray, Isha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Climate change versus urban drinking water supply and management: a case analysis on the coastal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Informatics, Brandenburg University of Technology at Cottbus, P.O. Box. 101344, D-03013 Cottbus, GERMANY (E-mail: shafinoor@yahoo.com; ishafin@yahoo.com) Abstract Clean urban drinking water supply is now a crucial problem; management. INTRODUCTION Clean urban drinking water supply is now a global problem, and most of the countries

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

134

Hawaii Department of Health Safe Drinking Water Branch | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Branch Branch Jump to: navigation, search Name Hawaii Department of Health Safe Drinking Water Branch Address 919 Ala Moana Blvd Room 308 Place Honolulu, Hawaii Zip 96814 Coordinates 21.294755°, -157.858979° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":21.294755,"lon":-157.858979,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

135

Dose effect for South Serbians due to 238U in natural drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......imported drinking water. Health Phys (2004) 86:365-373...H., Dietert S. E. Uranium in the tissue of an occupationally exposed individual. Health Phys (1989) 57:17-21...water. | The use of depleted uranium ammunition in South Serbia......

S. K. Sahoo; M. Matsumoto; K. Shiraishi; K. Fujimoto; O. Cuknic; Z. S. Zunic

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com Analysis of the effect of aluminum in drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of aluminum in drinking water and transferrin C2 allele on Alzheimer's disease. a Virginie Rondeau, b Albert.Rondeau@isped.u-bordeaux2.fr Key words: aluminum, drinking water, transferrin, apolipoprotein E, Alzheimer's disease Word of a link between aluminum in drinking water and Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been supported by several

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

Brief Original Contribution Case-Control Study of Arsenic in Drinking Water and Kidney Cancer in Uniquely  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brief Original Contribution Case-Control Study of Arsenic in Drinking Water and Kidney Cancer for publication March 11, 2013. Millions of people worldwide are exposed to arsenic in drinking water of dose-response, we believe there is now sufficient evidence in humans that drinking-water arsenic causes

California at Berkeley, University of

138

1308 volume 119 | number 9 | September 2011 Environmental Health Perspectives Arsenic in drinking water is a major public  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in drinking water is a major public health problem in the Bengal delta, affecting millions of people studies have shown that methylation affects the toxicity of ingested InAs. In drinking water, InAs exists effects resulting from exposure to InAs in drinking water. We were also interested in urine creatinine

California at Berkeley, University of

139

Am J Epidemiol . Author manuscript Aluminum and silica in drinking water and the risk of Alzheimers disease'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Am J Epidemiol . Author manuscript Page /1 10 Aluminum and silica in drinking water and the risk associations between exposure to aluminum or silica from drinking water and risk of cognitive decline, dementia of dementia, aged' 65 years and over living in 91 civil drinking water areas in Southern France. Two measures

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

140

Source waters Several factors influence the selection of source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

less damage to marine life. However, if the geology Desalination Methods for Producing Drinking Water of water are produced: · Treated fresh water that has low concentra- tions of salts and minerals day (mgd) using a long vertical tube distil- lation (LVT) process to produce water for the City

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

GRR/Section 6-NV-c - Drinking Water Permit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 6-NV-c - Drinking Water Permit GRR/Section 6-NV-c - Drinking Water Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 6-NV-c - Drinking Water Permit 06NVCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Nevada Division of Water Resources Nevada Division of Environmental Protection Public Utilities Commission of Nevada Regulations & Policies NRS 445A Water Controls NAC 445A Water Controls (Regulations) Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 06NVCDrinkingWaterPermit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative According to NRS 445A, the Nevada Division of Water Resources is charged

142

Measurement of 222RN concentration in drinking water in Sakarya, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......they are still below the World Health Organization recommended level...The radionuclides, which can be dangerous to human health because of their presence in the...drinking water represents a potential health risk due to human exposure through......

Hakan Yakut; Emre Tabar; Zemine Zenginerler; Nilufer Demirci; Filiz Ertugral

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Removal of inorganic anions from drinking water supplies by membrane bio/processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is designed to provide an overview of the main membrane-assisted processes that can be used for the removal of toxic inorganic anions from drinking water supplies. The emphasis has been placed on in...

Svetlozar Velizarov; João G. Crespo…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Decontamination Options for Drinking Water Contaminated with Bacillus anthracis Spores  

SciTech Connect

Five parameters were evaluated with surrogates of Bacillus anthracis spores to determine effective decontamination options for use in a contaminated drinking water supply. The parameters were: (1) type of Bacillus spore surrogate (B. thuringiensis or B. atrophaeus); (2) spore concentration in suspension (10{sup 2} to 10{sup 6} spores/ml); (3) chemical characteristics of decontaminant [sodium dicholor-s-triazinetrione dihydrate (Dichlor), hydrogen peroxide, potassium peroxymonosulfate (Oxone), sodium hypochlorite, and VirkonS{reg_sign}]; (4) decontaminant concentration (0.01% to 5%); and (5) decontaminant exposure time (10 min to 24 hr). Results from 162 suspension tests with appropriate controls are reported. Hydrogen peroxide at a concentration of 5%, and Dichlor and sodium hypochlorite at a concentration of 2%, were effective at spore inactivation regardless of spore type tested, spore exposure time, or spore concentration evaluated. This is the first reported study of Dichlor as an effective decontaminant for B. anthracis spore surrogates. Dichlor's desirable characteristics of high oxidation potential, high level of free chlorine, and more neutral pH than that of other oxidizers evaluated appear to make it an excellent alternative. All three oxidizers were effective against B. atrophaeus spores in meeting EPA's biocide standard of greater than a 6 log kill after a 10-minute exposure time and at lower concentrations than typically reported for biocide use. Solutions of 5% VirkonS{reg_sign} and Oxone were less effective decontaminants than other options evaluated in this study and did not meet the EPA's efficacy standard for biocides. Differences in methods and procedures reported by other investigators make quantitative comparisons among studies difficult.

Raber, E; Burklund, A

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

145

Best Management Practice #14: Alternate Water Sources  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Many Federal facilities may have water uses that can be met with non-potable water from alternate water sources. Potentially available alternative water sources for Federal sources include...

146

Modern approaches to the analysis of disinfection by-products in drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with organic nitrogen in the pool...in drinking water with ozone...inherent aqueous solubility of many of...organic-nitrogen precursors...Annual Conf. (Water Quality...capillary column gas chromatography...inherent aqueous solubility of many of...extraction from water difficult...Monitoring methods Gas Chromatography-Mass...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Best Management Practice #14: Alternative Water Sources  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Many federal facilities may have water uses that can be met with non-potable water from alternative water sources. Potentially available alternative water sources for Federal sources include municipal-supplied reclaimed water, treated gray water from on-site sanitary sources, and storm water.

148

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash Title Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Mathieu, Johanna L., Ashok J. Gadgil, Susan E. Addy, and Kristin Kowolik Journal Environmental Science and Health Keywords airflow and pollutant transport group, arsenic, bangladesh, coal bottom ash, drinking water, indoor environment department, water contaminants, water treatment Abstract We describe laboratory and field results of a novel arsenic removal adsorbent called 'Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash' (ARUBA). ARUBA is prepared by coating particles of coal bottom ash, a waste material from coal fired power plants, with iron (hydr)oxide. The coating process is simple and conducted at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Material costs for ARUBA are estimated to be low (~$0.08 per kg) and arsenic remediation with ARUBA has the potential to be affordable to resource-constrained communities. ARUBA is used for removing arsenic via a dispersal-and-removal process, and we envision that ARUBA would be used in community-scale water treatment centers. We show that ARUBA is able to reduce arsenic concentrations in contaminated Bangladesh groundwater to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Using the Langmuir isotherm (R2 = 0.77) ARUBA's adsorption capacity in treating real groundwater is 2.6×10-6 mol/g (0.20 mg/g). Time-to-90% (defined as the time interval for ARUBA to remove 90% of the total amount of arsenic that is removed at equilibrium) is less than one hour. Reaction rates (pseudo-second-order kinetic model, R2 ≥ 0.99) increase from 2.4×105 to 7.2×105 g mol-1 min-1 as the groundwater arsenic concentration decreases from 560 to 170 ppb. We show that ARUBA's arsenic adsorption density (AAD), defined as the milligrams of arsenic removed at equilibrium per gram of ARUBA added, is linearly dependent on the initial arsenic concentration of the groundwater sample, for initial arsenic concentrations of up to 1600 ppb and an ARUBA dose of 4.0 g/L. This makes it easy to determine the amount of ARUBA required to treat a groundwater source when its arsenic concentration is known and less than 1600 ppb. Storing contaminated groundwater for two to three days before treatment is seen to significantly increase ARUBA's AAD. ARUBA can be separated from treated water by coagulation and clarification, which is expected to be less expensive than filtration of micron-scale particles, further contributing to the affordability of a community-scale water treatment center

149

Lead in Your Drinking Water Lead (Pb) is an extremely toxic heavy metal that unfortunately occurs widely in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lead in Your Drinking Water Lead (Pb) is an extremely toxic heavy metal that unfortunately occurs of metallic lead in the soil (4) Drinking water ­ water as it leaves the treatment plant has no lead;Common metals used for the supply pipe are lead, copper and galvanized iron. Also in the system

Maynard, J. Barry

150

ANNUAL DRINKING WATER REPORT FOR 2013 Texas A&M University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is then pumped 7.5 miles through a dual pipeline system to our main storage tanks at the corner of F on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) monitors all public water systems within this state. The TCEQ has assessed our system and has determined that our water is safe to drink. As part of their ongoing monitoring of public

151

Innovative reuse of drinking water sludge in geo-environmental applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, the replacement of natural raw materials with new alternative materials, which acquire an economic, energetic and environmental value, has gained increasing importance. The considerable consumption of water has favoured the increase in the number of drinking water treatment plants and, consequently, the production of drinking water sludge. This paper proposes a protocol of analyses capable of evaluating chemical characteristics of drinking water sludge from surface water treatment plants. Thereby we are able to assess their possible beneficial use for geo-environmental applications, such as the construction of barrier layers for landfill and for the formation of “bio-soils”, when mixed with the stabilized organic fraction of municipal solid waste. This paper reports the results of a study aimed at evaluating the quality and environmental aspects of reconstructed soils (“bio-soil”), which are used in much greater quantities than the usual standard, for “massive” applications in environmental actions such as the final cover of landfills. The granulometric, chemical and physical analyses of the sludge and the leaching test on the stabilized organic fraction showed the suitability of the proposed materials for reuse. The study proved that the reuse of drinking water sludge for the construction of barrier layers and the formation of “bio-soils” reduces the consumption of natural materials, the demand for landfill volumes, and offers numerous technological advantages.

D. Caniani; S. Masi; I.M. Mancini; E. Trulli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Effects of storage temperature and duration on release of antimony and bisphenol A from polyethylene terephthalate drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polyethylene terephthalate drinking water bottles of China Ying-Ying Fan a , Jian-Lun Zheng a , Jing-Hua Ren Accepted 9 May 2014 Available online xxx Keywords: Polyethylene terephthalate Antimony Bisphenol A Release of antimony (Sb) and bisphenol A (BPA) from 16 brands of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) drinking water

Ma, Lena

153

Laser- and UV-LED-Induced Fluorescence Detection of Drinking Water and Water-Dissolved Organics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a deep-UV laser-induced fluorescence system for fluorescence detection of water-dissolved organic species. Deep-UV LEDs also were used as the excitation source....

Sharikova, Anna V; Killinger, Dennis K

154

Direct Determination of Trace-Level Haloacetic Acids in Drinking Water by Two-1 Dimensional Ion Chromatography with Suppressed Conductivity2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Direct Determination of Trace-Level Haloacetic Acids in Drinking Water by Two-1 Dimensional Ion thetreatment process of drinking water, disinfectants (chlorine, ozone, chlorine dioxide)13 react on water of the nine existing Halo-Acetic Acids (HAA) are commonly found15 in drinking water(Monochloroacetic acid MCAA

Boyer, Edmond

155

The Application of Electrodialysis for Drinking Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrodialysis is applied for the removal of dissolved ionic substances from water. Amongst other desalination processes, such as ... and reverse osmosis, the main advantages of electrodialysis are high water re...

F. Hell; J. Lahnsteiner

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Removing Radium-226 Contamination From Ion Exchange Resins Used in Drinking Water Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Removing Radium-226 Contamination From Ion Exchange Resins Used in Drinking Water Treatment P r o b of groundwater containing high levels of radium-226 activity (Objective 1) were regenerated with prescribed brine that the concentration of salt in the brine cleaning solution was the most influential factor in the resin regeneration

157

NATURAL RADIONUCLIDES MEASUREMENTS IN DRINKING WATER BY LIQUID SCINTILLATION COUNTING. METHODS AND RESULTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to dose evaluation, namely gross alpha and beta activity, uranium and radium isotopes content. For tritium activity and uranium isotope concentration have been measured. A Quantulus-Wallac scintillation counter hasNATURAL RADIONUCLIDES MEASUREMENTS IN DRINKING WATER BY LIQUID SCINTILLATION COUNTING. METHODS

158

Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2011 ) Natural gas: Should fracking stop? Nature 477 ( 7364 ): 271...13 Boyer EW ( 2012 ) The Impact of Marcellus Gas Drilling on Rural Drinking Water Supplies...the Nicholas School of the Environment and Center on Global Change...derived from depositional environments that ranged from proposed...

Robert B. Jackson; Avner Vengosh; Thomas H. Darrah; Nathaniel R. Warner; Adrian Down; Robert J. Poreda; Stephen G. Osborn; Kaiguang Zhao; Jonathan D. Karr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Sampler on Rural Drinking Water Research Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (CTARA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

strengthening was not undertaken in most projects. 1 #12;· North Karjat rural regional scheme: Feasibility Study, 2010. This study focused on the feasibility of a rural regional scheme supplying drinking water and presented their demand to MJP. · Anjap-Sugave Multi-village scheme analysis, 2011. This study focused

Sohoni, Milind

160

An environmental sensor network to determine drinking water quality and security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An environmental sensor network to determine drinking water quality and security Anastassia. Small Civil & Environmental Engineering and Engineering & Public Policy Carnegie Mellon University ms35@andrew.cmu.edu Jeanne VanBriesen Civil and Environmental Engineering and Biomedical Engineering Carnegie

Ailamaki, Anastassia

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a drinking water treatment plant, the motors devoted toSmall Water Supply Facilities: A Profile of Motor Energydrinking water systems, installing energy-efficient motors

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

First Evidence of Amoebae–Mycobacteria Association in Drinking Water Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) are opportunistic pathogens that share the same ecological niches as amoebae. ... While several studies have demonstrated the ability of these bacteria to colonise and persist within drinking water networks, there is also strong suspicion that mycobacteria could use amoebae as a vehicle for protection and even replication. ... This is the first time that an association between FLA and NTM is observed in water networks, highlighting the importance of FLA in the ecology of NTM. ...

Vincent Delafont; Faïza Mougari; Emmanuelle Cambau; Michel Joyeux; Didier Bouchon; Yann Héchard; Laurent Moulin

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

163

Social Perceptions of Drinking Water Quality in South Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

quality in the Lower Rio Grande Valley were examined, notably trying to assess the gap in social perceptions between key water managers and the colonia residents. A semi-structured interview methodology was used upon the key water managers in order...

Garcia, Victor

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

164

Risks and responses to universal drinking water security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...providers were introduced, with utility pay points closed, saving...LIFELINK system, which uses solar panels to pump groundwater...2004 Water for Asian cities. Utilities performance and civil society...water and sewerage regulation. Utilities Policy 14, 175-184. ( doi...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Shifting To Sustainable Drinking Water Consumption At UBC: A Social Marketing Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water Consumption At UBC: A Social Marketing Plan Rosalind Sadowski, Angela Willock University; SHIFTING TO SUSTAINABLE DRINKING WATER CONSUMPTION AT UBC: A SOCIAL MARKETING PLAN ROSALIND SADOWSKI....................................................................................................... 5 About Us, the Authors Overall Timeline and Project Context Drinking Water at UBC: Who

166

Detection of Infectious Cryptosporidium in Drinking Water Waterborne transmission of the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium remains a significant threat of disease with severe consequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of Infectious Cryptosporidium in Drinking Water Waterborne transmission of the protozoan with weakened immune systems. New drinking water standards under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USE to minimize the risk of Cryptosporidium on public health. Properly operating drinking water treatment plants

167

920 Articles | JNCI Vol. 99, Issue 12 | June 20, 2007 Drinking water in region II of Chile is supplied mainly by rivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

920 Articles | JNCI Vol. 99, Issue 12 | June 20, 2007 Drinking water in region II of Chile in the main city of region II, Antofagasta, was approximately 90 µg/L (1), nearly twice the drinking water.permissions@oxfordjournals.org. Fifty-Year Study of Lung and Bladder Cancer Mortality in Chile Related to Arsenic in Drinking Water

California at Berkeley, University of

168

Risks and responses to universal drinking water security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria and Tanzania with an investment of over 400 million...their LIFELINK system, which uses solar panels to pump groundwater to a raised...implementation of rural water supplies in Tanzania. Uppsala, Sweden: Scandinavian...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Perfluorooctane sulphonate and perfluorooctanoic acid in drinking and environmental waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rapidly after the Buncefield Oil Depot fire, have LODs...the region of Buncefield Oil Depot and subsequent pollution...GAC is regenerated by heating at high temperatures in...following the Buncefield Oil Depot fire, the amount...Bob Markall and Robin Price of Anglian Water for supplying...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Radon concentrations in ground and drinking water in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports 222Rn concentrations in ground and drinking water of nine cities of Chihuahua State, Mexico. Fifty percent of the 114 sampled wells exhibited 222Rn concentrations exceeding 11 Bq/L, the maximum contaminant level (MCL) recommended by the USEPA. Furthermore, around 48% (123 samples) of the tap-water samples taken from 255 dwellings showed radon concentrations over the MCL. There is an apparent correlation between total dissolved solids and radon concentration in ground-water. The high levels of 222Rn found may be entirely attributed to the nature of aquifer rocks.

L. Villalba; L. Colmenero Sujo; M.E. Montero Cabrera; A. Cano Jiménez; M. Rentería Villalobos; C.J. Delgado Mendoza; L.A. Jurado Tenorio; I. Dávila Rangel; E.F. Herrera Peraza

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Providing safe drinking water to 1.2 billion unserved people  

SciTech Connect

Despite substantial advances in the past 100 years in public health, technology and medicine, 20% of the world population, mostly comprised of the poor population segments in developing countries (DCs), still does not have access to safe drinking water. To reach the United Nations (UN) Millennium Goal of halving the number of people without access to safe water by 2015, the global community will need to provide an additional one billion urban residents and 600 million rural residents with safe water within the next twelve years. This paper examines current water treatment measures and implementation methods for delivery of safe drinking water, and offers suggestions for making progress towards the goal of providing a timely and equitable solution for safe water provision. For water treatment, based on the serious limitations of boiling water and chlorination, we suggest an approach based on filtration coupled with ultraviolet (UV) disinfection, combined with public education. Additionally, owing to the capacity limitations for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to take on this task primarily on their own, we suggest a strategy based on financially sustainable models that include the private sector as well as NGOs.

Gadgil, Ashok J.; Derby, Elisabeth A.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

A comprehensive insight into bacterial virulence in drinking water using 454 pyrosequencing and Illumina high-throughput sequencing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to comprehensively investigate bacterial virulence in drinking water, 454 pyrosequencing and Illumina high-throughput sequencing were used to detect potential pathogenic bacteria and virulence factors (VFs) in a full-scale drinking water treatment and distribution system. 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing revealed high bacterial diversity in the drinking water (441–586 operational taxonomic units). Bacterial diversity decreased after chlorine disinfection, but increased after pipeline distribution. ?-Proteobacteria was the most dominant taxonomic class. Alignment against the established pathogen database showed that several types of putative pathogens were present in the drinking water and Pseudomonas aeruginosa had the highest abundance (over 11‰ of total sequencing reads). Many pathogens disappeared after chlorine disinfection, but P. aeruginosa and Leptospira interrogans were still detected in the tap water. High-throughput sequencing revealed prevalence of various pathogenicity islands and virulence proteins in the drinking water, and translocases, transposons, Clp proteases and flagellar motor switch proteins were the predominant VFs. Both diversity and abundance of the detectable \\{VFs\\} increased after the chlorination, and decreased after the pipeline distribution. This study indicates that joint use of 454 pyrosequencing and Illumina sequencing can comprehensively characterize environmental pathogenesis, and several types of putative pathogens and various \\{VFs\\} are prevalent in drinking water.

Kailong Huang; Xu-Xiang Zhang; Peng Shi; Bing Wu; Hongqiang Ren

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Protected Water Sources (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Protected Water Sources (Iowa) Protected Water Sources (Iowa) Protected Water Sources (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations This chapter designates protected water sources, which are subject to additional special conditions regarding water use. Permit applications for

174

Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...two previously normal wells that displayed increased...tectonic (e.g., geothermal springs) or microbial...subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale...Domestic and Municipal Water Wells for Dissolved Gas Analysis...nitrate flux to the Gulf of Mexico. Ground Water 42...

Thomas H. Darrah; Avner Vengosh; Robert B. Jackson; Nathaniel R. Warner; Robert J. Poreda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Sources of Water Surface water and groundwater are present throughout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sources of Water Surface water and groundwater are present throughout Kentucky's 39,486 square miles. Surface water occurs as rivers, streams, ponds, lakes, and wetlands. Ground- water occurs underlain by soluble carbonate rocks (for example, limestone). Water Supply � Approximately 49 inches

MacAdam, Keith

176

Lead in Your Drinking Water Lead (Pb) is an extremely toxic heavy metal that unfortunately occurs widely in our environment. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lead in Your Drinking Water Lead (Pb) is an extremely toxic heavy metal that unfortunately occurs of metallic lead in the soil (4) Drinking water ­ water as it leaves the treatment plant has no lead of connection. (In some cases, the water meter as well as the curb stop is outside the house.) Common metals

Maynard, J. Barry

177

Best Management Practice #14: Alternative Water Sources | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

14: Alternative Water Sources Best Management Practice 14: Alternative Water Sources Many federal facilities may have water uses that can be met with non-potable water from...

178

Factors Influencing Numbers of Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, and Other Mycobacteria in Drinking Water Distribution Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ground), assimilable organic carbon (AOC) levels (high, moderate, and low...Source water Disinfectant type (pre/post) AOC Raw water NTU Level mug/liter (mean SD...and total organic carbon levels (). AOC () and biodegradable organic carbon (BDOC...

Joseph O. Falkinham III; Cheryl D. Norton; Mark W. LeChevallier

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Physicochemical Properties Related to Long-Term Phosphorus Retention by Drinking-Water Treatment Residuals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is necessary to determine the true long-term P sorption capacities of WTRs, if used to reduce soluble P in systems very high in P, such as in animal waste lagoons. ... Second-order rate coefficients for Fe-based WTRs were generally smaller than those of Al-based WTRs, consistent with there being less P sorption for the second biphasic (longer term) sorption stage. ... Typical air-dried Fe- and Al-based WTR show minimal bacterial activity (long-term storage, and chlorine addition during the drinking-water purification process (5). ...

Konstantinos C. Makris; Willie G. Harris; George A. O'Connor; Thomas A. Obreza; Herschel A. Elliott

2005-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

180

Elimination of Botulinum Neurotoxin (BoNT) Type B from Drinking Water by Small-Scale (Personal-Use) Water Purification Devices and Detection of BoNT in Water Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Small-Scale (Personal-Use) Water Purification Devices and Detection of BoNT...Seven small-scale drinking water purification devices were evaluated for...immunoassays (EIAs). The water purification devices based on filtration...

Ari Hörman; Mari Nevas; Miia Lindström; Marja-Liisa Hänninen; Hannu Korkeala

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Analysis and removal of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) from treated drinking water using a biological activated carbon filter system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study is focused on reducing the concentration of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) in treated drinking water. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficiency of AOC removal by biological activated carbon filters (BACF) in a pilot-scale system. The results show that BACF reduces the total concentration of AOC. The concentration of AOC primarily indicates microorganism growth in a water supply network, and the amount of AOC in water is significantly reduced after BACF treatment. The predicted and measured values of AOC in output water treated by the BACF system show linear relationships, and their correlation coefficients are high. An AOC empirical equation was established by determining the relationship between water quality parameters such as total organic carbon, dissolved organic carbon, UV254, ammonia nitrogen, and total phosphorous. These findings may be relevant to conventional water treatment plants or to water distribution systems to provide treated drinking water with a high level of biological stability.

Jie-Chung Lou; Chih-Yuan Yang; Che-Jung Chang; Wei-Hsiang Chen; Wei-Bin Tseng; Jia-Yun Han

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Water on Earth Source % of Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Water on Earth Source % of Supply Oceans 97.08 Ice Sheets and Glaciers 1.99 Ground Water 0.62 Atmosphere 0.29 Lakes (Fresh) 0.01 Inland Seas / Salt Water Lakes 0.005 Soil Moisture 0.004 Rivers 0.001 Water · Water is the solvent, the medium and the participant in most of the chemical reactions occurring

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

183

Aluminum and silica intake in drinking water and the risk of Alzheimer's disease or cognitive decline: findings of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aluminum and silica intake in drinking water and the risk of Alzheimer's disease or cognitive,2 , Commenges Daniel1,2 , Helmer Catherine2,3 , Jean-François Dartigues2,3 . Abbreviations: Al, Aluminum; AD, Alzheimer's Disease; MMSE, Mini Mental State Examination; Si, Silica Running head: Aluminum, silica in water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

184

1.2 What pressure difference must be generated across the length of a 15 cm vertical drinking straw in order to drink a water-like liquid of density 1.0 g cm-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in order to drink a water-like liquid of density 1.0 g cm-3 ? 1.6 Charles' law is sometimes expressed1.2 What pressure difference must be generated across the length of a 15 cm vertical drinking straw

Findley, Gary L.

185

Reverse osmosis for removing synthetic organics from drinking water: a cost and performance evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Reverse osmosis for removing organic compounds from drinking water has considerable promise. Bench and pilot plant studies on actual waters have shown that several organics proposed for regulation can be removed by reverse osmosis. As membrane technology improves, rejection of more difficult to remove compounds is expected to improve. Also, smaller volumes of concentrate are expected to be produced that can be handled more cost-effectively. One major concern with the use of reverse osmosis is concentrate disposal, which may increase the overall cost of treatment and disposal. The cost of reverse osmosis is very sensitive to such factors as recovery, economies of scale, systems configuration, membrane type, and electric power cost. In certain situations, reverse osmosis is a viable treatment option that is not cost-prohibitive.

Lykins, B.W.; Clark, R.M.; Fronk, C.A.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Mycobacteria in Water and Loose Deposits of Drinking Water Distribution Systems in Finland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acid-fast organisms in water supply, treatment, and...distribution systems. J. Am. Water Works Assoc. 75: 139-144...mycobacteria from indoor swimming pools in Finland. APMIS 107...mycobacteria in brook waters. Appl. Environ. Microbiol...

Eila Torvinen; Sini Suomalainen; Markku J. Lehtola; Ilkka T. Miettinen; Outi Zacheus; Lars Paulin; Marja-Leena Katila; Pertti J. Martikainen

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Detection limits for real-time source water monitoring using indigenous freshwater microalgae  

SciTech Connect

This research identified toxin detection limits using the variable fluorescence of naturally occurring microalgae in source drinking water for five chemical toxins with different molecular structures and modes of toxicity. The five chemicals investigated were atrazine, Diuron, paraquat, methyl parathion, and potassium cyanide. Absolute threshold sensitivities of the algae for detection of the toxins in unmodified source drinking water were measured. Differential kinetics between the rate of action of the toxins and natural changes in algal physiology, such as diurnal photoinhibition, are significant enough that effects of the toxin can be detected and distinguished from the natural variance. This is true even for physiologically impaired algae where diminished photosynthetic capacity may arise from uncontrollable external factors such as nutrient starvation. Photoinhibition induced by high levels of solar radiation is a predictable and reversible phenomenon that can be dealt with using a period of dark adaption of 30 minutes or more.

Rodriguez Jr, Miguel [ORNL; Greenbaum, Elias [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications  

SciTech Connect

ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) has proven effective at removing high concentrations of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate--bottom ash from coal fired power plants--is a waste material readily available in South Asia. In comparison to similar technologies, ARUBA uses less media for arsenic removal due to its high surface area to volume ratio. Hence, less waste is produced. A number of experiments were conducted in Bangladesh to determine the effectiveness of various water treatment protocols. It was found that (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from water within five minutes of treatment, (2) ARUBA, that has settled at the bottom of a treatment vessel, continues to remove arsenic for 2-3 days, (3) ARUBA's arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through sequential partial dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once), and (4) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic levels ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well. Our findings imply a number of tradeoffs between ARUBA's effective arsenic removal capacity, treatment system costs, and waste output. These tradeoffs, some a function of arsenic-related policies in Bangladesh (e.g., waste disposal regulations), must be considered when designing an arsenic removal system. We propose that the most attractive option is to use ARUBA in communityscale water treatment centers, installed as public-private partnerships, in Bangladeshi villages.

Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Addy, Susan E.A.

2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

189

Presence of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Surface Waters Used for the Production of Drinking Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two methods widely applied for isolating PAH from surface water have been compared: solvent extraction using cyclohexane and solid surface extraction. Higher recoveires were obtained through solvent extraction...

F. Van Hoof; S. Aerts

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

SciTech Connect

As American drinking water agencies face higher production costs, demand, and energy prices, they seek opportunities to reduce costs without negatively affecting the quality of the water they deliver. This guide describes resources for cost-effectively improving the energy efficiency of U.S. public drinking water facilities. The guide (1) describes areas of opportunity for improving energy efficiency in drinking water facilities; (2) provides detailed descriptions of resources to consult for each area of opportunity; (3) offers supplementary suggestions and information for the area; and (4) presents illustrative case studies, including analysis of cost-effectiveness.

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich; Dunham Whitehead, Camilla; Brown, Rich

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

191

WaterJewel: design and evaluation of a bracelet to promote a better drinking behaviour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recent study revealed that every fourth German adult drinks less than 1.5 litres a day. Insufficient fluid intake can cause headache, lack of energy and lightheadedness. Signals can be used to be reminded of drinking. However, these are often missed ... Keywords: ambient, arduino, digital jewellery, everyday life, fluid intake, prototyping, reminder, wearable light display

Jutta Fortmann, Vanessa Cobus, Wilko Heuten, Susanne Boll

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources October 8, 2013 - 9:50am Addthis Many Federal facilities may have water uses that can be met with non-potable water from alternate water sources. Potentially available alternative water sources for Federal sources include municipal-supplied reclaimed water, treated gray water from on-site sanitary sources, and storm water. Overview On-site alternative water sources are most economic if included in the original design. Common uses for these sources include landscape irrigation, ornamental pond and fountain filling, cooling tower make-up, and toilet and urinal flushing. Municipal-Supplied Reclaimed Water Municipal supplied reclaimed water has been treated and recycled for

193

Mycobacteria in Water and Loose Deposits of Drinking Water Distribution Systems in Finland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...concentration of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) was 23 mug/liter, the concentration...presented in Table 2. The concentration of AOC in the water was analyzed with the addition...between the number of mycobacteria and the AOC content, the growth value proposed by Falkinham...

Eila Torvinen; Sini Suomalainen; Markku J. Lehtola; Ilkka T. Miettinen; Outi Zacheus; Lars Paulin; Marja-Leena Katila; Pertti J. Martikainen

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

High density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for solar disinfection of drinking water in northern region, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the technical feasibility of high density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for the solar disinfection of drinking water ...

Yazdani, Iman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Analysis of 129I in Groundwater Samples: Direct and Quantitative Results below the Drinking Water Standard  

SciTech Connect

Due to its long half-life (15.7 million years) and relatively unencumbered migration in subsurface environments, 129I has been recognized as a contaminant of concern at numerous federal, private, and international facilities. In order to understand the long-term risk associated with 129I at these locations, quantitative analysis of groundwater samples must be performed. However, the ability to quantitatively assess the 129I content in groundwater samples requires specialized extraction and sophisticated analytical techniques, which are complicated and not always available to the general scientific community. This paper highlights an analytical method capable of directly quantifying 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the MCL without the need for sample pre-concentration. Samples were analyzed on a Perkin Elmer ELAN DRC II ICP-MS after minimal dilution using O2 as the reaction gas. Analysis of continuing calibration verification standards indicated that the DRC mode could be used for quantitative analysis of 129I in samples below the drinking water standard (0.0057 ng/ml or 1 pCi/L). The low analytical detection limit of 129I analysis in the DRC mode coupled with minimal sample dilution (1.02x) resulted in a final sample limit of quantification of 0.0051 ng/ml. Subsequent analysis of three groundwater samples containing 129I resulted in fully quantitative results in the DRC mode, and spike recovery analyses performed on all three samples confirmed that the groundwater matrix did not adversely impact the analysis of 129I in the DRC mode. This analytical approach has been proven to be a cost-effective, high-throughput technique for the direct, quantitative analysis of 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the current MCL.

Brown, Christopher F.; Geiszler, Keith N.; Lindberg, Michael J.

2007-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

196

Investigation of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and bacterial regrowth in drinking water distribution system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigated the variation of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) concentrations in water from several typical water treatment plants and distribution systems in a northern city of China. It is concluded from this study that: (1) The AOC in most of the product water of the studied water treatment plants and the water from the associated distribution systems could not meet the biostability criteria of 50–100 ?g/L. (2) Only 4% of the measured AOC concentrations were less than 100 ?g/L. However, about half of the measured AOC values were less than 200 ?g/L. (3) Better source water quality resulted in lower AOC concentrations. (4) The variation of AOC concentrations in distribution systems was affected by chlorine oxidation and bacterial activity: the former resulted in an increase of AOC value while the latter led to a reduction in AOC. (5) The variation of AOC concentration followed different patterns in different distribution systems or different seasons due to their respective operational characteristics. (6) Less than 30% of AOC could be removed by a conventional treatment process, whereas 30–60% with a maximum of 50–60% could be removed by granular activated carbon (GAC). (7) The observation via scanning electron microscope (SEM) on distribution pipe tubercle samples demonstrated that the pipe inner wall was not smooth and bacteria multiplied in the crevice as well as in the interior wall of distribution pipes.

W Liu; H Wu; Z Wang; S.L Ong; J.Y Hu; W.J Ng

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Triclosan Reactivity in Chloraminated Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Triclosan Reactivity in Chloraminated Waters ... Triclosan, widely employed as an antimicrobial additive in many household personal care products, has recently been detected in wastewater treatment plant effluents and in source waters used for drinking water supplies. ... Chloramines used either as alternative disinfectants in drinking water treatment or formed during chlorination of nonnitrified wastewater effluents have the potential to react with triclosan. ...

Aimee E. Greyshock; Peter J. Vikesland

2006-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

198

Radioactive residues associated with water treatment, use and disposal in Australia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Water resources are known to contain radioactive materials, either from natural or anthropogenic sources. Treatment, including wastewater treatment, of water for drinking, domestic, agricultural and… (more)

Kleinschmidt, Ross Ivan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Modern approaches to the analysis of disinfection by-products in drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...methods Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry methods Halogenation Hydrogen-Ion Concentration Models, Chemical Oxides analysis Ozone chemistry Water analysis Water Pollutants, Chemical analysis Water Purification methods Water Supply analysis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Evaluation of factors affecting the membrane filter technique for testing drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...processing of water samples, approximately...buffered dilution water, and these were...Because ofthe heat sensitivity of...in a boiling water bath. After...method gave higher recovery or was positive...and public swimming pools. Public water...

S C Hsu; T J Williams

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Carbon and Water Resource Management for Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the embodied energy in drinking water supply systems: a caselosses to 5% of total drinking water supply for threeResearch Council. Drinking Water Distribution Systems:

Hendrickson, Thomas Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Recommendations for at-risk water supplies in Capiz Province, Philippines : using water source and community assessments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The following thesis is part of a larger project which began in response to a request by the Provincial Health Office (PHO) in Capiz Province, Philippines for expert advice to support its drinking water quality testing ...

Patrick, Jessica Molly

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Well Owner's Guide To Water Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's groundwater and guidelines, including national drinking water standards, to test well water to insure safe drinking water in private wells. National drinking water standards and common methods of home water .....................22 Contaminants in Water........................................23 Drinking Water Guidelines

Fay, Noah

204

Causes of Outbreaks Associated with Drinking Water in the United States from 1971 to 2006  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...weighted more heavily than water quality data. Outbreaks without water...E., is an environmental engineer in the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion at the Centers for...is a licensed professional engineer and provides outbreak support...

Gunther F. Craun; Joan M. Brunkard; Jonathan S. Yoder; Virginia A. Roberts; Joe Carpenter; Tim Wade; Rebecca L. Calderon; Jacquelin M. Roberts; Michael J. Beach; Sharon L. Roy

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Distribution of uranium in drinking water and associated age-dependent radiation dose in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......uranium in Argentina bottled mineral waters. Radiat. Prot. Dosim (1996...exposure to natural uranium in well water. J. Environ. Radioact (2002...Identification, investigation and remediation of ground water containing elevated levels of......

S. K. Sahoo; S. Mohapatra; A. Chakrabarty; C. G. Sumesh; V. N. Jha; R. M. Tripathi; V. D. Puranik

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash  

SciTech Connect

We describe laboratory and field results of a novel arsenic removal adsorbent called 'Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash' (ARUBA). ARUBA is prepared by coating particles of coal bottom ash, a waste material from coal fired power plants, with iron (hydr)oxide. The coating process is simple and conducted at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Material costs for ARUBA are estimated to be low (~;;$0.08 per kg) and arsenic remediation with ARUBA has the potential to be affordable to resource-constrained communities. ARUBA is used for removing arsenic via a dispersal-and-removal process, and we envision that ARUBA would be used in community-scale water treatment centers. We show that ARUBA is able to reduce arsenic concentrations in contaminated Bangladesh groundwater to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Using the Langmuir isotherm (R2 = 0.77) ARUBA's adsorption capacity in treating real groundwater is 2.6x10-6 mol/g (0.20 mg/g). Time-to-90percent (defined as the time interval for ARUBA to remove 90percent of the total amount of arsenic that is removed at equilibrium) is less than one hour. Reaction rates (pseudo-second-order kinetic model, R2>_ 0.99) increase from 2.4x105 to 7.2x105 g mol-1 min-1 as the groundwater arsenic concentration decreases from 560 to 170 ppb. We show that ARUBA's arsenic adsorption density (AAD), defined as the milligrams of arsenic removed at equilibrium per gram of ARUBA added, is linearly dependent on the initial arsenic concentration of the groundwater sample, for initial arsenic concentrations of up to 1600 ppb and an ARUBA dose of 4.0 g/L. This makes it easy to determine the amount of ARUBA required to treat a groundwater source when its arsenic concentration is known and less than 1600 ppb. Storing contaminated groundwater for two to three days before treatment is seen to significantly increase ARUBA's AAD. ARUBA can be separated from treated water by coagulation and clarification, which is expected to be less expensive than filtration of micron-scale particles, further contributing to the affordability of a community-scale water treatment center.

MATHIEU, JOHANNA L.; GADGIL, ASHOK J.; ADDY, SUSAN E.A.; KOWOLIK, KRISTIN

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

TCEQ - Management Program for Nonpoint Source Water Pollution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abstract This is the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality's webpage for their Management Program for Nonpoint Source Water Pollution. Author Texas Commission on...

208

EPA - Source Water Protection webpage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Protection webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - Source Water Protection webpage Abstract This webpage provides information...

209

Assessment of age-dependent uranium intake due to drinking water in Hyderabad, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......leaching from natural deposits, combustion of coal and other fuels and the use of...species of radio elements from coal-fired plants. Health Phys. (1986...Ultraviolet Rays Uranium analysis Water chemistry Water Pollutants, Radioactive......

A. Y. Balbudhe; S. K. Srivastava; K. Vishwaprasad; G. K. Srivastava; R. M. Tripathi; V. D. Puranik

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Nutritional versatility and growth kinetics of an Aeromonas hydrophila strain isolated from drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tion about the behavior of these organisms...water by using rapid sand filtration, slow sand filtration, and...water after rapid sand filtration. The...exponential growth phase. Only those colony...mixture), 18 carbo- hydrates and (poly) alcohols...

D van der Kooij; W A Hijnen

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Use of Orange Peel Waste for Arsenic Remediation of Drinking Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Arsenic is a toxic element and is found in natural waters throughout the globe. The purpose of present study is to demonstrate the As (V) uptake by orange peel from real ground water samples through adsorption...

Mazhar I. Khaskheli; Saima Q. Memon; Ali N. Siyal…

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Occurrence and Potential Human-Health Relevance of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water from Domestic Wells in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Occurrence and Potential Human-Health Relevance of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water from Domestic Wells in the United States *Barbara L. Rowe1 , Patricia L. Toccalino2 , Michael J. Moran1 , John S. Zogorski1 , Curtis V. Price1 1 United States Geological Survey, Road, Rapid City, SD 57702 USA

213

Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar disinfection (SODIS), and UV disinfection are promising alternative approaches to meeting the urgent water quality needs of rural Mexico.

Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Institutional impediments to using alternative water sources in thermoelectric power plants.  

SciTech Connect

This report was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Existing Plants Research Program, which has an energy-water research effort that focuses on water use at power plants. This study complements the Existing Plants Research Program's overall research effort by evaluating water issues that could impact power plants. Obtaining adequate water supplies for cooling and other operations at a reasonable cost is a key factor in siting new and maintaining existing thermoelectric power plant operations. One way to reduce freshwater consumption is to use alternative water sources such as reclaimed (or recycled) water, mine pool water, and other nontraditional sources. The use of these alternative sources can pose institutional challenges that can cause schedule delays, increase costs, or even require plants to abandon their plans to use alternative sources. This report identifies and describes a variety of institutional challenges experienced by power plant owners and operators across the country, and for many of these challenges it identifies potential mitigating approaches. The information comes from publically available sources and from conversations with power plant owners/operators familiar with using alternative sources. Institutional challenges identified in this investigation include, but are not limited to, the following: (1) Institutional actions and decisions that are beyond the control of the power plant. Such actions can include changes in local administrative policies that can affect the use of reclaimed water, inaccurate growth projections regarding the amount of water that will be available when needed, and agency workloads and other priorities that can cause delays in the permitting and approval processes. (2) Developing, cultivating, and maintaining institutional relationships with the purveyor(s) of the alternative water source, typically a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), and with the local political organizations that can influence decisions regarding the use of the alternative source. Often a plan to use reclaimed water will work only if local politics and power plant goals converge. Even then, lengthy negotiations are often needed for the plans to come to fruition. (3) Regulatory requirements for planning and developing associated infrastructure such as pipelines, storage facilities, and back-up supplies that can require numerous approvals, permits, and public participation, all of which can create delays and increased costs. (4) Permitting requirements that may be difficult to meet, such as load-based discharge limits for wastewater or air emissions limitations for particulate matter (which will be in the mist of cooling towers that use reclaimed water high in dissolved solids). (5) Finding discharge options for cooling tower blowdown of reclaimed water that are acceptable to permitting authorities. Constituents in this wastewater can limit options for discharge. For example, discharge to rivers requires National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits whose limits may be difficult to meet, and underground injection can be limited because many potential injection sites have already been claimed for disposal of produced waters from oil and gas wells or waters associated with gas shale extraction. (6) Potential liabilities associated with using alternative sources. A power plant can be liable for damages associated with leaks from reclaimed water conveyance systems or storage areas, or with mine water that has been contaminated by unscrupulous drillers that is subsequently discharged by the power plant. (7) Community concerns that include, but are not limited to, increased saltwater drift on farmers fields; the possibility that the reclaimed water will contaminate local drinking water aquifers; determining the 'best' use of WWTP effluent; and potential health concerns associated with emissions from the cooling towers that use recycled water. (8) Interveners that raise public concerns about the potential for emissions of emergi

Elcock, D. (Environmental Science Division)

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

215

Eau Canada: The Future of Canada's Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water, and especially drinking water, in Canada. The editor,near Quebec City, where drinking water was contaminated over

Laberge, Yves

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Point Source Discharges to Surface Waters (North Carolina) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Point Source Discharges to Surface Waters (North Carolina) Point Source Discharges to Surface Waters (North Carolina) Point Source Discharges to Surface Waters (North Carolina) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Construction Transportation Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environment and Natural Resources This rule requires permits for control of sources of water pollution by providing the requirements and procedures for application and issuance of state National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits for a discharge from an outlet, point source, or disposal system discharging to the surface waters of the state, and for the construction, entering a contract for construction, and operation of treatment works with such a

217

Fouling mitigation in coagulation microfiltration hybrid system for drinking water treatment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Coagulation combined with microfiltration has been receiving a great attention and has been evolving in recent years as an alternative for surface water treatment. There… (more)

Sadreddini, Sara

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

What’s in Your Water?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Levels of Sulfate in Drinking Water Study. Centers forout  that  their  drinking  water  wells  contained  TCE  cleanup  the  town’s   drinking  water,  which  is  still  

Polasko, Alexandra

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - abb-ce light water Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supplier Beginning in 1999... , community water supply systems must provide an annual report describ- ing the quality of their drinking Source: Fernndez-Juricic, Esteban -...

220

Treatment of drinking water to improve its sanitary or bacteriological quality is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000 gallons), such an approach can be wasteful, increasing energy costs for the well pump to refill the tank Chlorine Amounts To sanitize water properly, enough chlorine needs to be added to a storage tank to reach bacteria have been properly destroyed by the sanitation process, submit water samples from a faucet served

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Fungi, and Opportunistic Pathogens in Unchlorinated Drinking Water in the Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plumbing systems. Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and/or total organic carbon (TOC) had...pneumophila was detected more often in water with AOC concentrations above 10 mug C liter1 than in water with AOC levels below 5 mug C liter1. Finally, samples...

Paul W. J. J. van der Wielen; Dick van der Kooij

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

222

Nathan Bryant Clean drinking water is a major concern throughout the world. In  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the bacteria, but it is time consuming and requires thermal energy. Ceramic filters are a cost effective way the water through the ceramic. This pumping also provides a back-flush of purified water to self ­ $8 #12;Ceramic filters in Cambodia http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lPvHtj RvWFM #12;High-tech Ceramic

Mukhopadhyay, Sharmila M.

223

Finding Alternative Water Sources for Power Plants with Google Earth |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding Alternative Water Sources for Power Plants with Google Finding Alternative Water Sources for Power Plants with Google Earth Finding Alternative Water Sources for Power Plants with Google Earth May 29, 2013 - 12:07pm Addthis A sample image from the AWSIS system. A sample image from the AWSIS system. Gayland Barksdale Technical Writer, Office of Fossil Energy Sobering news from experts: Rising populations, regional droughts, and decreasing groundwater levels are draining the nation's fresh water supply. And it's not just that we're using that water for our personal consumption; even the electricity we rely on to power our society requires a lot of water. In fact, major energy producers - like coal-fired power plants, which produce about 40 percent of our electricity - require about 150 billion gallons of fresh water per day to produce the electricity we

224

Finding Alternative Water Sources for Power Plants with Google Earth |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding Alternative Water Sources for Power Plants with Google Finding Alternative Water Sources for Power Plants with Google Earth Finding Alternative Water Sources for Power Plants with Google Earth May 29, 2013 - 12:07pm Addthis A sample image from the AWSIS system. A sample image from the AWSIS system. Gayland Barksdale Technical Writer, Office of Fossil Energy Sobering news from experts: Rising populations, regional droughts, and decreasing groundwater levels are draining the nation's fresh water supply. And it's not just that we're using that water for our personal consumption; even the electricity we rely on to power our society requires a lot of water. In fact, major energy producers - like coal-fired power plants, which produce about 40 percent of our electricity - require about 150 billion gallons of fresh water per day to produce the electricity we

225

PARAMETER ESTIMATION BASED MODELS OF WATER SOURCE HEAT PUMPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PARAMETER ESTIMATION BASED MODELS OF WATER SOURCE HEAT PUMPS By HUI JIN Bachelor of Science validation of the water-to-air heat pump model. It's hard to find any words to express the thanks to my BASED MODELS OF WATER SLOURCE HEAT PUMPS Thesis Approved: Thesis Adviser Dean of the Graduate College ii

226

Evaluation and simplification of the assimilable organic carbon nutrient bioassay for bacterial growth in drinking water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A modified assimilable organic carbon (AOC) bioassay is proposed. We evaluated all aspects of the AOC bioassay technique, including inoculum...raw waters need to be filtered prior to an AOC analysis. Glass fiber filters used with either...

L A Kaplan; T L Bott; D J Reasoner

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Bacterial Colonization of Pellet Softening Reactors Used during Drinking Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pellets, while assimilable organic carbon (AOC), dissolved organic carbon, and flow...These organisms removed as much as 60 of AOC from the water during treatment, thus contributing...Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and AOC. The concentration of assimilable organic...

Frederik Hammes; Nico Boon; Marius Vital; Petra Ross; Aleksandra Magic-Knezev; Marco Dignum

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

228

TEEX tackles toxins: TEEX develops ECLOX protocols to detect toxins in drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Story by Leslie Jordan tx H2O | pg. 8 Thanks to the Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX), utilities personnel across Texas can monitor water safety and quality using a highly effective machine? ECLOX?that was once shelved...

Jordan, Leslie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Electrodialysis, powered by solar panels, could provide drinking water for villages in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Off-grid communities in India with salty groundwater could obtain potable water by using electrodialysis, powered by solar panels, shows a study conducted by researchers in the USA at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2011 ) Natural gas: Should fracking stop? Nature 477 ( 7364...Formation brine to shallow aquifers in Pennsylvania . Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 109 ( 30...hydraulically fractured shale to aquifers . Ground Water 50...constitute the two primary aquifer li- thologies in northeastern...

Robert B. Jackson; Avner Vengosh; Thomas H. Darrah; Nathaniel R. Warner; Adrian Down; Robert J. Poreda; Stephen G. Osborn; Kaiguang Zhao; Jonathan D. Karr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Assessment of age-dependent uranium intake due to drinking water in Hyderabad, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......60 microg d1. The mean daily uranium intake through tap water, which...Dr A. K. Ghosh, Director, Health, Safety and Environment Group...colleagues. REFERENCES 1 US DOE. Depleted Uranium. Human Health Fact Sheet (2001) ANL. 2 Essien......

A. Y. Balbudhe; S. K. Srivastava; K. Vishwaprasad; G. K. Srivastava; R. M. Tripathi; V. D. Puranik

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Naturally-Occurring Radionuclides In Drinking Water From Surface And Groundwater Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Radioactivity in water for human consumption is under closer scrutiny than ever before and many countries adopted guideline values based on total alpha and total beta activity measurements. Although most waters from surface circulation meet these guidelines, it is frequently found that groundwater exceed guideline values. Results of water analyses by alpha spectrometry clarified that the main radionuclides present are from the uranium decay series, such as uranium isotopes, radium ({sup 226}Ra), radon ({sup 222}Rn), and also {sup 210}Pb and {sup 210}Po. Occasionally, groundwater displayed {sup 226}Ra concentrations higher than 1 Bq L{sup -1} and {sup 222}Rn concentrations above 1000 Bq L{sup -1}. Nevertheless, lack of conformity of these waters with guidelines adopted, generally, is not due to anthropogenic inputs.

Carvalho, F. P.; Madruga, M. J.; Oliveira, J. M.; Lopes, I.; Ferrador, G.; Sequeira, M. M. [Nuclear and Technological Institute (ITN) Department of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety E.N. 10, 2686-953 Sacavem (Portugal)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

A Better Drop to Drink | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Better Drop to Drink A Better Drop to Drink Method for creating nanoparticle heavy-metal sorbents saves water--literally Using magnetic sorbent materials to overcome limitations...

234

Culture-Independent Techniques for Rapid Detection of Bacteria Associated with Loss of Chloramine Residual in a Drinking Water System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alternative approaches for rapid investigation of chloraminated drinking...informed decisions regarding remedial action that may be required...I for real-time PCR and investigation of the effect of dye concentration...alternative approaches for rapid investigation of chloraminated drinking...

Daniel Hoefel; Paul T. Monis; Warwick L. Grooby; Stuart Andrews; Christopher P. Saint

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Water Salination: A Source of Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...temperature releases free energy. Salination power...1010 watts. The energy flux available for...osmotic salination converter could possibly operate...efficiency. This energy source is renewable...of tidal, geo-thermal, wind, and hydroelectric...nonequilibrium state of the oceans (2) have been proposed...

Richard S. Norman

1974-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

236

Bacterial Colonization of Pellet Softening Reactors Used during Drinking Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reactor biomass concentrations as high as 220 mg of ATP/m3 of reactor...were removed as a reusable product. High calcium and magnesium concentrations...such as scale deposits in water boilers, a higher demand for detergents in washing...

Frederik Hammes; Nico Boon; Marius Vital; Petra Ross; Aleksandra Magic-Knezev; Marco Dignum

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

237

Bacterial Colonization of Pellet Softening Reactors Used during Drinking Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mM) was mixed with the SYBR Green I working solution at a ratio...fixed wavelength of 488 nm. Green fluorescence was collected at...The trigger was set on the green fluorescence channel, and data...obtained by mixing 50 bottled mineral water and 50 nonchlorinated...

Frederik Hammes; Nico Boon; Marius Vital; Petra Ross; Aleksandra Magic-Knezev; Marco Dignum

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

238

A survey of 222Rn in drinking water in Mexico City  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......cumulative energy of radiation emitted in the...to determine a dose conversion factor. This dose was then translated...water of the Bay of Bengal. J. Environ...Miachking V. I. Estimation of the size of earthquake...Humans Mexico Radiation Monitoring Radon......

C. Vázquez-López; B. E. Zendejas-Leal; J. I. Golzarri; G. Espinosa

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Drinking Water Arsenic in Northern Chile: High Cancer Risks 40 Years after Exposure Cessation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...water and cancer, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer...adjusted for (e.g., diet, radon) is also possible, but there...cam.ac.uk/research/projects/arsenic/symposium/S1...Vol 84. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer...

Craig M. Steinmaus; Catterina Ferreccio; Johanna Acevedo Romo; Yan Yuan; Sandra Cortes; Guillermo Marshall; Lee E. Moore; John R. Balmes; Jane Liaw; Todd Golden; and Allan H. Smith

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Study on Energy Efficiency Evaluation Method of Cooling Water System of Surface Water Source Heat Pump  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water source heat pump system is a green air-conditioning system which has high efficiency, energy saving, and environmental protection, but inappropriate design of the system type of water intake will impact on ...

Jibo Long; Siyi Huang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Trace and ultratrace metals in bottled waters: Survey of sources worldwide and comparison with refillable metal bottles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bottled waters from diverse natural and industrial sources are becoming increasingly popular worldwide. Several potentially harmful trace metals (Ag, Be, Li, Ge, Sb, Sc, Te, Th, U) are not monitored regularly in such waters. As a consequence, there is extremely limited data on the abundance and potential health impacts of many potentially toxic trace elements. Containers used for the storage of bottled waters might also increase trace metal levels above threshold limits established for human consumption by the EPA or WHO. Applying strict clean room techniques and sector field ICP–MS, 23 elements were determined in 132 brands of bottled water from 28 countries. In addition, leaching experiments with high purity water and various popular metal bottles investigated the release of trace metals from these containers. The threshold limits for elements such as Al, Be, Mn and U in drinking water were clearly exceeded in some waters. Several bottled waters had Li concentrations in the low mg/L range, a level which is comparable to blood plasma levels of patients treated against manic depression with Li-containing drugs. The rate of release of trace metals from metal bottles assessed after 13 days was generally low, with one exception: Substantial amounts of both Sb and Tl were released from a commercially available pewter pocket flask, exceeding international guidelines 5- and 11-fold, respectively. Trace metal levels of most bottled waters are below guideline levels currently considered harmful for human health. The few exceptions that exist, however, clearly reveal that health concerns are likely to manifest through prolonged use of such waters. The investigated coated aluminium and stainless steel bottles are harmless with respect to leaching of trace metals into drinking water. Pocket flasks, in turn, should be selected with great care to avoid contamination of beverages with harmful amounts of potentially toxic trace metals such as Sb and Tl.

Michael Krachler; William Shotyk

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

1.5 V battery driven reduced graphene oxide–silver nanostructure coated carbon foam (rGO–Ag–CF) for the purification of drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A porous carbon foam (CF) electrode modified with a reduced graphene oxide–Ag (rGO–Ag) nanocomposite has been fabricated to purify water. It can perform as an antibacterial device by killing pathogenic microbes with the aid of a 1.5 V battery, with very little power consumption. The device is recycled ten times with good performance for long term usage. It is shown that the device may be implemented as a fast water purifier to deactivate the pathogens in drinking water.

Surender Kumar; Somnath Ghosh; N Munichandraiah; H N Vasan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Removal of radionuclides in drinking water by membrane treatment using ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis and electrodialysis reversal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A pilot plant had been built to test the behaviour of ultrafiltration (UF), reverse osmosis (RO), and electrodialysis reversal (EDR) in order to improve the quality of the water supplied to Barcelona metropolitan area from the Llobregat River. This paper presents results from two studies to reduce natural radioactivity. The results from the pilot plant with four different scenarios were used to design the full-scale treatment plant built (SJD WTP). The samples taken at different steps of the treatment were analysed to determine gross alpha, gross beta and uranium activity. The results obtained revealed a significant improvement in the radiological water quality provided by both membrane techniques (RO and EDR showed removal rates higher than 60%). However, UF did not show any significant removal capacity for gross alpha, gross beta or uranium activities. RO was better at reducing the radiological parameters studied and this treatment was selected and applied at the full scale treatment plant. The RO treatment used at the SJD WTP reduced the concentration of both gross alpha and gross beta activities and also produced water of high quality with an average removal of 95% for gross alpha activity and almost 93% for gross beta activity at the treatment plant.

M. Montaña; A. Camacho; I. Serrano; R. Devesa; L. Matia; I. Vallés

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Effect of ozone and granular activated coal (GAC) on the bioactivity of drinking water  

SciTech Connect

In this research, the appearance of easily biodegradable organic material in ozonation and granular activated coal (GAC) filtration was studied. The amount of bioactivity was measured by conventional AOC analyses used in two different modes and also using quite a new growth potential (GP) method. GAC filtration without ozone doubled the amount of AOC of the chemically treated surface water, whereas by ozonation with GAC filtration it was possible to halve the amount of the AOC. The measurement of GP was noticeably simpler than measuring AOC, but for wider use more parallel studies are needed for the comparability of the results of the analysis.

Sallanko, J.; Iivari, P.; Heiska, E. [University of Oulu, Oulu (Finland). Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Laboratory

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Characterization of Bacterial Community Structure in a Drinking Water Distribution System during an Occurrence of Red Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...red water libraries, we developed...obtained from public databases...four clone libraries of this study...obtained from the public databases...introducing My RDP space and quality controlled public data. Nucleic...metagenomic and PCR libraries from the Delaware...

Dong Li; Zheng Li; Jianwei Yu; Nan Cao; Ruyin Liu; Min Yang

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

246

An evaluation of household drinking water treatment systems in Peru : the table filter and the safe water system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) storage, and education. Tests on the SWSs in Peru demonstrated 99.6% E.coli removal and 95% total coliform removal. Only 30% of the SWSs tested contained water at or above the WHO-recommended concentration of free ...

Coulbert, Brittany, 1981-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Assessment of a low-cost, point-of-use, ultraviolet water disinfection technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION Waterborne illnesses associated with contaminated water sources, inadequate sanitation, and poor, Portland, OR, USA Rachel L. Peletz Centre for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology, Calgary, Canada are largely preventable through adequate hygiene, sanitation and safe drinking water; thus, one

Kammen, Daniel M.

248

National radiation exposures and risks caused by implementing EPA`s proposed revised national primary drinking water regulations  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates risks to workers and the public associated with treatment processes and their associated waste products that would be mandated under proposed regulations of radium, radon, and uranium in drinking water. Three scenarios were examined: (1) all wastes flushed to the sanitary sewer; (2) all wastes disposed on land; (3) similar to (2) but radon removal by granulated activated carbon rather than packed tower aeration. Risks considered included accidental injury and cancer. Worker risks for both scenarios I and II were estimated to be 0.025 and 0.01 deaths per year of operation for radium-226 and radium-228, respectively. Worker risks for uranium were estimated to be 0.13 deaths/year of operation for scenario I and 0.5 deaths/year of operation for scenario II. Worker risks for radon removal were estimated to be 1.7 deaths/year of operation for scenario I and 2.2 deaths/year of operation for scenario II. Risks to the public for scenarios I and II for radium-226 were 4 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} and for radium-228 were 9 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} deaths/year of operation. Risks to the public for scenarios I and II for uranium were 7.3 {times} 10{sup {minus}2} and 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}4}, respectively. Risks to the public for scenario I and II for radon were 24 deaths/year of operation and for scenario III were nil. Public risks were quantified only for people exposed during a year of operation. For example, effects of public exposures in future years via groundwater contamination associated with landfill of treatment waste were not considered.

Morris, S.C.; Rowe, M.D.; Holtzman, S.; Meinhold, A.F.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternate water sources Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Conveyance Water Treatment Distribution Customer Use Wastewater Collection and Treatment 12... ;2000 Urban Water-Related Energy Use Sources ... Source: Keller, Arturo A. -...

250

High Levels of Carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Mate Drinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), including...80C) or cold (5C) water. Measurements were...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks. | Drinking...polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), including...cold (5 degrees C) water. Measurements were...

Farin Kamangar; Michele M. Schantz; Christian C. Abnet; Renato B. Fagundes; and Sanford M. Dawsey

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Drinking Water Problems: Arsenic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, including industrial and commercial facilities; 7 per- cent of these wells were unused. High arsenic con- centrations that are believed to be naturally occurring have been found in the southern High Plains (Ogallala aquifer), in several West Texas counties... treatment system will remove, its maintenance requirements and its costs. Treatment systems certified by an independent agency such as the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) usually effectively live up to manufacturer?s claims. After well owners install a...

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Dozier, Monty

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

252

Drinking Water Standards (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?s.) Contacte a su proveedor de agua si usted no ha recibido la copia del CCR para su sis- tema de abastecimiento de agua. 3 Si usted usa un pozo privado, ni el gobierno federal ni el estatal regula la calidad de su agua. Como pre- cauci?n m?nima, se recomienda... que analice su agua cada 2 o 3 a?os para detectar si tiene bacterias y nitratos. Tambi?n debe de analizar su agua si un derrame de pesticidas o fertilizantes ocurre cerca de su pozo o si cambia el sabor, olor, claridad o color del agua. Para obtener...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2006-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

253

20121114 Riverton drinking wa...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Where Does My Drinking Water Come From? Where Does My Drinking Water Come From? Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site F A C T S H E E T ENERGY Legacy Management U.S. DEPARTMENT OF This fact sheet provides information about the Alternative Water Supply System and domestic wells at the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 Title I processing site at Riverton, Wyoming. The Riverton site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. Where Is the Riverton Site? The former Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site is in Fremont County, 2 miles southwest of the town of Riverton and within the boundaries of the Wind River Indian Reservation (Northern Arapaho and Eastern Shoshone). Why Is It a "Site"? A uranium- and vanadium-ore-processing mill operated on the property from 1958 to 1963. Milling operations created

254

Robust Source Localization in a Random Shallow Water Channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses source localization problem in a random shallow water channel. We present an extension of the generalized MUSIC method to the case, %in which when the signal correlation matrix is imprecisely known. The algorithm is validated by %simulations and its application to the experimental data observed in the Barents Sea. It has been found that the approach proposed demonstrates its excellent performance.

Sazontov, Alexander; Matveyev, Alexander

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The waters of Southeastern Wisconsin are vast but vulnerable. We depend on our waters for drinking water, irrigation, industry, transportation, power production,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Understanding our region's water-related issues and future challenges can help us protect clean, abundant water and industry, public health and ecosystem health. Water quality gains more at- tention during summer, when cause illness. The bacteria and other pollutants that affect our water quality come from a variety

Saldin, Dilano

256

Water management with water conservation, infrastructure expansions, and source variability in Jordan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Jordan David E. Rosenberg,1 Richard E. Howitt,2 and Jay R. Lund3 Received 12 September 2007; revised 10 in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. It considers targeted installations of water-efficient appliances, leak expansions, and source variability in Jordan, Water Resour. Res., 44, W11402, doi:10.1029/2007WR006519. 1

Pasternack, Gregory B.

257

Feasibility study of broadband efficient ''water window'' source  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate a table-top broadband emission water window source based on laser-produced high-Z plasmas. Resonance emission from multiply charged ions merges to produce intense unresolved transition arrays (UTAs) in the 2-4 nm region, extending below the carbon K edge (4.37 nm). Arrays resulting from n=4-n=4 transitions are overlaid with n=4-n=5 emission and shift to shorter wavelength with increasing atomic number. An outline of a microscope design for single-shot live cell imaging is proposed based on a bismuth plasma UTA source, coupled to multilayer mirror optics.

Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Okubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Li Bowen; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)

2012-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

258

Evaluation of autotrophic growth of ammonia-oxidizers associated with granular activated carbon used for drinking water purification by DNA-stable isotope probing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nitrification is an important biological function of granular activated carbon (GAC) used in advanced drinking water purification processes. Newly discovered ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) have challenged the traditional understanding of ammonia oxidation, which considered ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) as the sole ammonia-oxidizers. Previous studies demonstrated the predominance of AOA on GAC, but the contributions of AOA and AOB to ammonia oxidation remain unclear. In the present study, DNA-stable isotope probing (DNA-SIP) was used to investigate the autotrophic growth of AOA and AOB associated with GAC at two different ammonium concentrations (0.14 mg N/L and 1.4 mg N/L). GAC samples collected from three full-scale drinking water purification plants in Tokyo, Japan, had different abundance of AOA and AOB. These samples were fed continuously with ammonium and 13C-bicarbonate for 14 days. The DNA-SIP analysis demonstrated that only AOA assimilated 13C-bicarbonate at low ammonium concentration, whereas AOA and AOB exhibited autotrophic growth at high ammonium concentration. This indicates that a lower ammonium concentration is preferable for AOA growth. Since AOA could not grow without ammonium, their autotrophic growth was coupled with ammonia oxidation. Overall, our results point towards an important role of AOA in nitrification in GAC filters treating low concentration of ammonium.

Jia Niu; Ikuro Kasuga; Futoshi Kurisu; Hiroaki Furumai; Takaaki Shigeeda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Water Data Report: An Annotated Bibliography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Protection, Water Resource Management—Drinking WaterEnvironmental Protection, Water Resource Management—Drinking Waterof Environmental Protection, Water Resource Management,

Dunham Whitehead, Camilla; Melody, Moya

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Estimation of radiation doses to members of the public in Italy from intakes of some important naturally occurring radionuclides (238U, 234U, 235U, 226Ra, 228Ra, 224Ra and 210Po) in drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiological quality in some samples of drinking water collected in Italy has been evaluated in the paper. As far as the measured ? or ? radionuclides are concerned, the doses for all the analysed samples of drinking water are in the range of 1.80–36.2 ?Sv yr?1, all being well below the reference level of the committed effective dose (100 ?Sv yr?1) recommended by the WHO. As far as each measured ? or ? radionuclide is concerned, the dose contributions for most of the analysed water samples are in this order: 210Po>228Ra>226Ra>234U>238U>224Ra>235U, and 210Po and 228Ra can yield a significant contribution to the doses from the analysed drinking water samples. As far as the elements are concerned, the dose contributions are 48.0±27.9% from radium, 31.7±23.1% from polonium, and 20.3±14.1% from uranium. The water samples, No. 2, 7, 13, and 15, can lead to a dose of >10 ?Sv yr?1, mainly due to the dose contribution from 210Po and 228Ra, especially water samples No. 2 and 13. The obtained data can provide basic information for consumers and competent authorities regarding the internal exposure risk due to drinking water intake, and can possibly serve as a comparison when evaluating the dose contribution from artificial radionuclides released to the environment as a result of any human practices and accidents in the studied area.

Guogang Jia; Giancarlo Torri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A comparative appraisal of the use of rainwater harvesting in single and multi-family buildings of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (Spain): social experience, drinking water savings and economic costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many urban areas suffer water scarcity but paradoxically, a local source of water such as rainwater is mostly treated as a risk rather than as a valuable resource. Scepticism regarding the use of rainwater harvesting technologies still prevails today, particularly in low precipitation areas. However, some regions such as the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (MAB) have started to promote the use of rainwater through specific regulations and incentives. This paper aims to examine the use of rainwater harvesting in the two main types of buildings prevalent in the MAB by analysing users’ practices and perceptions, drinking water savings and economic costs. Despite low precipitation inputs and a high variability of precipitation, daily balances show that toilet flushing demand of a single family house can be practically met with a relatively small tank. Rooftop rainwater can also meet more than 60% of the landscape irrigation demand in both single and multi-family buildings. The main drawback is the long pay-back period that rainwater harvesting systems present today. Nevertheless, it is remarkable that in multi-family buildings residents usually take no notice of the costs associated with the system. In contrast, benefits for the whole society are usually much more appreciated. Users’ reactions and their level of satisfaction towards rainwater harvesting systems suggest that both regulations and subsidies are good strategies to advocate and expand rainwater harvesting technologies in residential areas. However, a multidirectional learning environment needs to be promoted to ensure a proper use of rainwater harvesting systems and risk minimisation.

Laia Domènech; David Saurí

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Ground and Water Source Heat Pump Performance and Design for Southern Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground and water source heat pump systems have very attractive performance characteristics when properly designed and installed. These systems typically consist of a water-to-air or water-to-water heat pump linked to a closed loop vertical...

Kavanaugh, S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

2.1 What Does Life Water on Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 2.1 What Does Life Require? Water Water on Earth Can exist in all 3 physical states Liquid Solid Gas Not all animals must drink liquid water. Can get water from food. Can get water through metabolism of glucose. Water on Earth Source % of Supply Oceans 97.08 Ice Sheets and Glaciers 1.99 Ground

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

264

Mechanistic and kinetic evaluation of organic disinfection by-product and assimilable organic carbon (AOC) formation during the ozonation of drinking water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ozonation of drinking water results in the formation of low molecular weight (LMW) organic by-products. These compounds are easily utilisable by microorganisms and can result in biological instability of the water. In this study, we have combined a novel bioassay for assessment of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) with the detection of selected organic acids, aldehydes and ketones to study organic by-product formation during ozonation. We have investigated the kinetic evolution of LMW compounds as a function of ozone exposure. A substantial fraction of the organic compounds formed immediately upon exposure to ozone and organic acids comprised 60–80% of the newly formed AOC. Based on experiments performed with and without hydroxyl radical scavengers, we concluded that direct ozone reactions were mainly responsible for the formation of small organic compounds. It was also demonstrated that the laboratory-scale experiments are adequate models to describe the formation of LMW organic compounds during ozonation in full-scale treatment of surface water. Thus, the kinetic and mechanistic information gained during the laboratory-scale experiments can be utilised for upscaling to full-scale water treatment plants.

Frederik Hammes; Elisabeth Salhi; Oliver Köster; Hans-Peter Kaiser; Thomas Egli; Urs von Gunten

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Water Quality for Livestock Max Irsik DVM, MAB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Quality for Livestock Max Irsik DVM, MAB Beef Cattle Extension Veterinarian University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine Water is an essential nutrient for humans and livestock and drinking water is the primary source of water for most cattle. The most important aspect of water

Watson, Craig A.

266

Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...environmental costs and benefits of fracking . Annu Rev Environ Resour...SL ( 2014 ) Water resource impacts during unconventional shale gas development: The...the Nicholas School of the Environment. The authors declare no conflict...in marine and fresh-water environments- CO2 reduction vs acetate...

Thomas H. Darrah; Avner Vengosh; Robert B. Jackson; Nathaniel R. Warner; Robert J. Poreda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Uranium-238 and thorium-232 series concentrations in soil, radon-222 indoor and drinking water concentrations and dose assessment in the city of Aldama, Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-resolution gamma spectrometry was used to determine the concentration of 40K, 238U and 232Th series in soil samples taken from areas surrounding the city of Aldama, in Chihuahua. Results of indoor air short-time sampling, with diffusion barrier charcoal detectors, revealed relatively high indoor radon levels, ranging from 29 to 422 Bq/m3; the radon concentrations detected exceeded 148 Bq/m3 in 76% of the homes tested. Additionally, liquid scintillation counting showed concentrations of radon in drinking water ranging from 4.3 to 42 kBq/m3. The high activity of 238U in soil found in some places may be a result of the uranium milling process performed 20 years ago in the area. High radon concentrations indoor and in water may be explained by assuming the presence of uranium-bearing rocks underneath of the city, similar to a felsic dike located near Aldama. The estimated annual effective dose of gamma radiation from the soil and radon inhalation was 3.83 mSv.

L. Colmenero Sujo; M.E. Montero Cabrera; L. Villalba; M. Rentería Villalobos; E. Torres Moye; M. García León; R. García-Tenorio; F. Mireles García; E.F. Herrera Peraza; D. Sánchez Aroche

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...United States . Environ Sci Technol 48 ( 15 ): 8334 – 8348 . 11 Jackson RB ( 2014 ) The environmental costs and benefits of fracking . Annu Rev Environ Resour , 10.1146/annurev-environ-031113-144051 . 12 Brantley SL ( 2014 ) Water resource impacts...

Thomas H. Darrah; Avner Vengosh; Robert B. Jackson; Nathaniel R. Warner; Robert J. Poreda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Solid-Phase Extraction Combined with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography?Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization?Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Pesticides in Water:? Method Performance and Application in a Reconnaissance Survey of Residues in Drinking Water in Greater Cairo, Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid-Phase Extraction Combined with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography?Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization?Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Pesticides in Water:? Method Performance and Application in a Reconnaissance Survey of Residues in Drinking Water in Greater Cairo, Egypt ... Each shipment, which included 24 cartridges, weighed <454 g and cost approximately 200 Egyptian pounds ($40 U.S.). ...

Thomas L. Potter; Mahmoud A. Mohamed; Hannah Ali

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

270

Endogenous Nitrosation in Relation to Nitrate Exposure from Drinking Water and Diet in a Danish Rural Population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nitrosocompounds were detected with a Thermal Energy Analyser model 502 using a pyrolyzer temperature...nitrosation in three groups of individuals with household water-supplies with 0.3, 46.5...low-risk areas for stomach cancer in Northern Japan. IARC Scientific Publications, 84...

Henrik Møller; Jannik Landt; Erling Pedersen; Per Jensen; Herman Autrup; and Ole Møller Jensen

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

investigating the source, transport, and isotope fractionation of water vapor in the atmospheric boundary layer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investigating the source, transport, and isotope fractionation of water vapor in the atmospheric cospectral similarity for temperature and water vapor isotope fluxes. mixing ratio generator Routine field use in water vapor isotope research. The unit generates a stable water vapor mixing ratio by measuring

Minnesota, University of

272

Reckoning with risk: a rhetorical analysis of the social construction of risk associated with Texas drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these recommendations to improve the risk communication process and the construction of risk messages, utilizing communication strategies that are acceptable to a democratic society. The following discussion about risks related to water use illustrates how the risk... only. Cultural input from this perspective has been characterized as "deviant but comprehensible" (304). Only if risk communicators can accept that "two inconsistent decisions can be rational and consistent on independent criteria" will this deviant...

Friedrich, Cynthia Juanita Matthes

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

273

Evaluation of hybrid polymer containing iron oxides as As(III) and As(V) sorbent for drinking water purification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objective of this paper was to evaluate the possibility of utilization of a novel hybrid polymer containing iron oxides as an arsenate and arsenite sorbent in water treatment. This material was primarily obtained as a by-product in the water de-ironing process by means of N-chlorosulfonamide polymers. The sorption properties of the hybrid polymer, including pH and coexisting ions’ influence on arsenic removal efficiency, were examined using kinetic and equilibrium experiments in a batch regime. In the column process, conducted with As-spiked natural water containing both As(III) and As(V), the breakthrough of the sorbent bed occurred after the solution amounting to about 4800 bed volumes passed through the column. The regeneration and re-use of the sorbent with NaOH and NaCl solution was also studied, indicating the possibility of repeated use of the sorbent with only a slight decrease in its sorptive properties for four cycles.

Daniel Oci?ski; Irena Jacukowicz-Sobala; Jerzy Raczyk; El?bieta Kocio?ek-Balawejder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Pilot study of horizontal roughing filtration in northern Ghana as pretreatment for highly turbid dugout water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Northern Region Ghana (NRG), highly turbid rainwater runoff and intermittent streams are collected in earthen dams called dugouts. These dams serve as many communities' main source of drinking and domestic water despite ...

Losleben, Tamar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

MSC Publication 102.2008 | Arkansas Water Resources Center ARKANSAS WATER RESOURCES CENTER ANNUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as affected by poultry litter application rate; 2) Source of Geosmin and MIB in drinking water: Identifying by the Water Resources Research Act of 1964. The AWRC in cooperation with the US Geological Survey and pollution, water quality, and ecosystems. AWRC acts as a liaison between funding groups and the scientists

Soerens, Thomas

276

IEP - Water-Energy Interface: Non-Traditional Sources of Process and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non-Traditional Sources of Process and Cooling Water Non-Traditional Sources of Process and Cooling Water Research and analysis are being conducted to evaluate and develop cost-effective approaches to using non-traditional (aka impaired or alternative) sources of water to supplement or replace freshwater for cooling and other power plant needs. Opportunities exist for the utilization of lower-quality, non-traditional water sources. Examples of non-traditional waters include surface and underground mine pool water, coal-bed methane produced waters, and industrial and/or municipal wastewater. Read More! IEP research in this area has focused on a variety of issues including feasibility studies for a variety of non-traditional water types and research into developing advanced water treatment technologies to enable coal-based power plants to use impaired water in recirculating cooling systems without notably increased scaling and without significant decreases in cycles of concentration. Feasibility studies involve multiple issues such as the flow of different non-traditional waters available in different regions, such as abandoned mine water, costs associated with collecting and treating each of the variety of non-traditional waters, like oil and natural gas produced water, and consideration of the variety of state-specific regulations pertaining to non-traditional water use.

277

Secondary Startup Neutron Sources as a Source of Tritium in a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Reactor Coolant System (RCS)  

SciTech Connect

The hypothesis of this paper is that the Zircaloy clad fuel source is minimal and that secondary startup neutron sources are the significant contributors of the tritium in the RCS that was previously assigned to release from fuel. Currently there are large uncertainties in the attribution of tritium in a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Reactor Coolant System (RCS). The measured amount of tritium in the coolant cannot be separated out empirically into its individual sources. Therefore, to quantify individual contributors, all sources of tritium in the RCS of a PWR must be understood theoretically and verified by the sum of the individual components equaling the measured values.

Shaver, Mark W.; Lanning, Donald D.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

The effects of wavelength, metals, and reactive oxygen species on the sunlight inactivation of microorganisms: observations and applications to the solar disinfection of drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cases (Fisher et al. , 2008; Sinton et al. , 2002b; SommerDavies and Evison, 1991; Sinton et al. , 2002b) and drinkingNZ Mumbai, India (Sinton et al. , 2002b) (Sinton et al. ,

Fisher, Michael Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Earth-Coupled Water-Source Heat Pump Research, Design and Applications in Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An earth-coupled water-source heat pump uses the earth as the thermal source and sink for economical, energy efficient, space heating and cooling. Water exiting the heat pump passes through an earth heat exchanger, which is a closed loop of plastic...

Braud, H. J.; Klimkowski, H.; Baker, F. E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Sustainable Energy Source for Water Pumping at Puttalam Salt Limited.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The cost of grid based electrical and diesel sea water pumping to salt fields is one of the major cost components out of the… (more)

Kamaldeen, Mohammed Rizwan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Assessment of a Solar Assisted Air Source and a Solar Assisted Water Source Heat Pump System in a Canadian Household  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an assessment of two solar assisted heat pump systems integrated into an air distribution system in three different 210 m2 single detached residential houses in Montreal, Canada. The housing types considered are a 1980's house, an energy efficient house and a “net zero ready” house. The advanced heat pump systems considered in the analysis focused on coupling solar energy on the evaporator side of an air source and water source heat pumps to improve performance compared to a standard air source heat pump and provide an alternative to a costly ground source heat pump system. The annual energy consumption and utility cost of the solar assisted heat pump systems were compared to a market available air source heat pump, a ground source heat pump system as well as the typical reference housing heating and cooling system. The results predicted that a solar assisted air source heat pump has a comparable capital cost to a ground source heat pump system in all housing types and the highest energy savings for a “net zero ready” house of 34% compared to the base case. The solar assisted water source heat pump did not yield interesting results, as the solar assisted air source heat pump demonstrated improved energy savings and lower capital costs in all housing types considered. Comparing the 20 year life cycle costs of the solar assisted heat pump systems to the base case, only in the 1980's housing archetype did the solar assisted air source heat pump system demonstrate a lower life cycle cost than the base case. A standard air source heat pump yielded the lowest life cycle cost in the 1980's and energy efficient house considered and the reference base case system had the lowest life cycle cost in the net zero ready house considered.

Martin Kegel; Justin Tamasauskas; Roberto Sunye; Antoine Langlois

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Economical Analysis of a Groundwater Source Heat Pump with Water Thermal Storage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper is based on a chilled and heat source for the building which has a total area of 140000m2 in the suburb of Beijing. By comparing the groundwater source heat pump of water thermal storage (GHPWTS) with a conventional chilled and heat source...

Zhou, Z.; Xu, W.; Li, J.; Zhao, J.; Niu, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Buildings","All Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" 5. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings ................",4657,3239,1546,1520,110,62,130 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2348,1456,795,574,"Q","Q","Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",1110,778,317,429,"Q","Q","Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",708,574,265,274,14,9,31

284

Water Resources Center Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nitrate levels in underground sources of drinking water are a potential health concern, as well, increased understanding of the response of aquatic systems to specific pollutants, #12;identification and protection of key aquifer recharge areas, better managment of water supply and demand (including

285

Performance Analysis of Air-Source Variable Speed Heat Pumps and Various Electric Water Heating Options  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis of Air- Analysis of Air- Source Variable Speed Heat Pumps and Various Electric Water Heating Options Jeffrey Munk Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Acknowledgements * Tennessee Valley Authority - David Dinse * U.S. Department of Energy * Roderick Jackson * Tony Gehl * Philip Boudreaux * ZEBRAlliance 3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Overview * Electric Water Heating Options - Conventional Electric Water Heaters - Heat Pump Water Heaters * Air-Source * Ground-Source - Solar Thermal Water Heater * Variable Speed Heat Pumps - Energy Use Analysis - Measured Performance - Operational Characteristics 4 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Water Heating Options

286

Quantum Physics Makes Water Different | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weird Oxygen Bonding under Pressure Weird Oxygen Bonding under Pressure A Breakthrough in Improving Osteoporosis Drug Design Allaying Structural-Alloy Corrosion Putting the Pressure on MOFs Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Quantum Physics Makes Water Different AUGUST 11, 2008 Bookmark and Share Based on the July 22, 2008, online article in ScienceNews By Davide Castelvecchi Reprinted with permission from ScienceNews, copyright 2008 http://sciencenews.org/ Heavy water, which contains higher-than-normal quantities of the hydrogen isotope deuterium (D), is not just heavier than "ordinary" water.

287

Drinking Water Problems: Copper (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

periodo largo de tiempo. Para encontrar una lista de laboratorios aprobados para conducir pruebas de agua en su ?rea, comun?quese con su departamento de salud local o con la oficina de Extensi?n Cooperativa de Texas (TCE) de su condado. ?C?mo debo... concentraciones de cobre de ambas muestras son casi iguales, es probable que el cobre provenga de una fuente fuera de su casa. ?Qu? opciones de manejo est?n disponibles? Si los resultados de su prueba de agua indican que hay cobre presente en el agua potable en...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

288

Drinking Water Problems: Arsenic (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suministros p?blicos de agua. Los pozos de propietarios privados no se regulan, lo que significa que tales propietarios pueden estar con- sumiendo agua con concentraciones de ars?nico que exceden los est?ndares oficiales. Los due?os de pozos privados deben... decidir si hacerle una prueba a su agua de pozo, y despu?s tratarla si es necesario. La prueba de ars?nico cuesta t?picamente cerca de 25 d?lares. Los pozos con niveles altos de ars?nico son agrupados a veces en un ?rea particular, por lo que el Consejo de...

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Dozier, Monty

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

289

Drinking Water Problems: Radionuclides (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materiales, pueden transmitir radion?clidos al agua potable. Con mayor frecuencia se encuentran altos niveles de radion?clidos en el agua subterr?nea (por exemplo, de agua de pozos) que en el agua superficial (tales como lagos y arroyos). Muchos aparatos y... de agua potable, ?ste puede dar una idea de cu?l debe ser el nivel apropiado de un contaminante en los pozos priva- dos para aquellos que utilizan dichas fuentes. Actualmente no existe un MCL para el rad?n. Sin embargo, la EPA est? proponiendo dos...

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Dozier, Monty

2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

290

Drinking Water Problems: Lead (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

agua hay pocas causas para preocuparse porque la ley requiere que los sis- temas p?blicos eliminen cualquier fuente de conta- minaci?n de plomo. Pero si su agua proviene de un pozo privado, quiz?s contenga el plomo suficiente como para justificar una...-04 los pozos privados, la mayor?a de los fabricantes de componentes para pozos cumplen voluntariamente con el l?mite del 8 por ciento. Sin embargo, hay razones para que los due?os de pozos privados se preocupen por la contaminaci?n con plomo. Primero, los...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

291

Drinking Water Problems: Perchlorate (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

usan a gran escala como un componente de los infladores de bolsas de aire para autom?viles. El perclorato fue descubierto en varios sitios de produc- ci?n y en fuentes de agua de pozo y de agua potable en abril, 1997 gracias al desarrollo de un m... Asociada e Ingeniera Agr?cola de Extensi?n, Bruce J. Lesikar, Profesor e Ingeniero Agr?cola de Extensi?n, Extensi?n Cooperativa de Texas, El Sistema Universitario Texas A&M L-5468S 8/07 Figura 1. Distribuci?n de las detecciones de perclorato en pozos de...

Dozier, Monty; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Porter, Dana; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

292

Drinking Water Problems: Nitrates (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Todos los suministros p?blicos de agua deben respetar estos reglamentos. Aunque a los pozos de agua privados no se les requiere cumplir con los Est?ndares Nacionales para el Agua Potable, los propietarios de pozos privados Problemas del del agua potable...- dad de su agua. Al igual que no se les permite a los proveedores p?blicos de agua suministrar agua que exceda el MCL al p?blico, los propietarios de pozos pri- vados no deben utilizar agua que exceda el MCL para el consumo humano. ?C?mo se exponen...

Dozier, Monty; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Lesikar, Bruce J.

2006-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

293

EPA Final Ground Water Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Nuclear Safety and Environment Information Brief HS-20-IB-2007-02 (March 2007) EPA Final Ground Water Rule Safe Drinking Water Act: National Primary Drinking Water Regulations Ground Water Rule - 40 CFR Parts 9, 141 and 142 Final Rule: 71 FR 65574 Effective Date: January 8, 2007 1 RULE SYNOPSIS On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in public water systems (PWSs) that use ground water sources for their supply (these systems are known as ground water systems). This Rule establishes a risk-targeted approach

294

Isotopic evidence for the source of lead in the North Pacific abyssal water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The absence of accurate measurements of lead (Pb) isotopic composition in the pristine North Pacific abyssal water has made it difficult to assess the relative importance of what are believed to be the two major Pb sources: ...

Wu, Jingfeng

295

Heat transfer through a water spray curtain under the effect of a strong radiative source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat transfer through a water spray curtain under the effect of a strong radiative source P. Boulet - mail Pascal.Boulet@lemta.uhp-nancy.fr Keywords : heat transfer, radiative transfer, vaporization, convection, water spray Abstract Heat transfer inside a participating medium, made of droplets flowing in gas

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

296

Application Prospect Analysis of the Surface Water Source Heat-Pump in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface water resources in China are rather abundant and it can be use as the heat or cool source for heat pump. The winter surface water temperatures of 17 typical cities are investigated in December, and they are all distributed in the interval...

Zhang, C.; Zhuang, Z.; Huang, L.; Li, X.; Li, G.; Sun, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Mouse inbred strain differences in ethanol drinking to intoxication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mouse inbred strain differences in ethanol drinking to intoxication J. S. Rhodes*, , M. M. Ford , C described a simple procedure, Drinking in the Dark (DID), in which C57BL/6J mice self-administer ethanol to a blood ethanol concentration (BEC) above 1 mg/ml. The test consists of replacing the water with 20

Garland Jr., Theodore

298

"Table B26. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" 6. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings ................",67338,56115,24171,29196,2218,4182,1371 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,4280,2307,1719,"Q","Q","Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,5748,2287,3204,"Q","Q","Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,9000,4220,4221,224,164,493

299

Rapid Detection and Enumeration of Giardia lamblia Cysts in Water Samples by Immunomagnetic Separation and Flow Cytometric Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Drinking Water 0 Sewage 7732-18-5 Water | Aquatic Organisms growth & development immunology isolation & purification Cryptosporidium isolation & purification Drinking Water Flow Cytometry methods Giardia lamblia...

Hans-Anton Keserue; Hans Peter Füchslin; Thomas Egli

2011-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

300

The effects of wavelength, metals, and reactive oxygen species on the sunlight inactivation of microorganisms: observations and applications to the solar disinfection of drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation in Natural-Water Purification. Photochemistry andR.N. (1956) The purification of water on a small scale.

Fisher, Michael Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The effects of wavelength, metals, and reactive oxygen species on the sunlight inactivation of microorganisms: observations and applications to the solar disinfection of drinking water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Solar Water Disinfection, Massachusetts Institute ofSolar Disinfection For Point of Use Water Treatment in Haiti, Massachusetts

Fisher, Michael Benjamin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Thermophysical properties of saturated light and heavy water for advanced neutron source applications  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Neutron Source is an experimental facility being developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. As a new nuclear fission research reactor of unprecedented flux, the Advanced Neutron Source Reactor will provide the most intense steady-state beams of neutrons in the world. The high heat fluxes generated in the reactor [303 MW(t) with an average power density of 4.5 MW/L] will be accommodated by a flow of heavy water through the core at high velocities. In support of this experimental and analytical effort, a reliable, highly accurate, and uniform source of thermodynamic and transport property correlations for saturated light and heavy water were developed. In order to attain high accuracy in the correlations, the range of these correlations was limited to the proposed Advanced Neutron Source Reactor's nominal operating conditions. The temperature and corresponding saturation pressure ranges used for light water were 20--300[degrees]C and 0.0025--8.5 MPa, respectively, while those for heavy water were 50--250[degrees]C and 0.012--3.9 MPa. Deviations between the correlation predictions and data from the various sources did not exceed 1.0%. Light water vapor density was the only exception, with an error of 1.76%. The physical property package consists of analytical correlations, SAS codes, and FORTRAN subroutines incorporating these correlations, as well as an interactive, easy-to-use program entitled QuikProp.

Crabtree, A.; Siman-Tov, M.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Thermophysical properties of saturated light and heavy water for Advanced Neutron Source applications  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Neutron Source is an experimental facility being developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. As a new nuclear fission research reactor of unprecedented flux, the Advanced Neutron Source Reactor will provide the most intense steady-state beams of neutrons in the world. The high heat fluxes generated in the reactor [303 MW(t) with an average power density of 4.5 MW/L] will be accommodated by a flow of heavy water through the core at high velocities. In support of this experimental and analytical effort, a reliable, highly accurate, and uniform source of thermodynamic and transport property correlations for saturated light and heavy water were developed. In order to attain high accuracy in the correlations, the range of these correlations was limited to the proposed Advanced Neutron Source Reactor`s nominal operating conditions. The temperature and corresponding saturation pressure ranges used for light water were 20--300{degrees}C and 0.0025--8.5 MPa, respectively, while those for heavy water were 50--250{degrees}C and 0.012--3.9 MPa. Deviations between the correlation predictions and data from the various sources did not exceed 1.0%. Light water vapor density was the only exception, with an error of 1.76%. The physical property package consists of analytical correlations, SAS codes, and FORTRAN subroutines incorporating these correlations, as well as an interactive, easy-to-use program entitled QuikProp.

Crabtree, A.; Siman-Tov, M.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Effects of water chemistry on NF/RO membrane structure and performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1.1. Drinking water…………………………. ……………………. … 1.1.2.concern (CEC’s) in drinking water………… 2.1.1. Classes ofOther Nitrosamines - Drinking Water Issues, in, 2011. [4

Mo, Yibing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Water Wizdom Marsha M. Wright1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in their drinking water. Go to 6 3 What contaminant in drinking water affects mostly babies less than one year old. Lead can be a hazard in drinking water, but #12;does not become airborne if it is present in water. GoSR-IWM-5 Water Wizdom By Marsha M. Wright1 R. Craig Runyan2 1 Soil & Water Conservation Specialist

306

Drinking in Mammals: Functional Morphology, Orosensory Modulation and Motor Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drinking involves the acquisition of an aliquot of liquid, its transport from the front of the oral cavity to the caudal oropharyngeal region and its swallowing. In addition to water intake, it also encompasse...

H. P. Zeigler

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Using Trends and Geochemical Analysis to Assess Salinity Sources along the Pecos River, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the reservoir rose as much as 10 mg/L per year and often approached the drinking water standard for potable water (1000 mg/L). Since this time, control efforts have focused on reducing the river's salinity, requiring the identification of salt sources...

Hoff, Aaron

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

308

Investigation into the occurrence of the dinoflagellate, Ceratium hirundinella in source waters and the impact thereof on drinking water purification / van der Walt N.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Ceratium species occurring in the Vaal River since 2000, was identified as Ceratium hirundinella (O.F. Müller) Dujardin as proposed by Van Ginkel et al… (more)

Van der Walt, Nicolene

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - act fqpa drinking Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and heart prob lems, Joe drinks to fill his days. His Source: Collection: Renewable Energy 58 Department of Entomology Strategic Plan 2002 2007 (revised May 2004) Summary:...

310

Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the common source of drinking water in rural areas. The use of farmland for landspreading organic wastes is a needed option for biosolids management. Biosolids are sludges that have been processed to be used as soil is needed. For the past 3 years, over 90 per cent of the sewage sludge generated in Maine has been utilized

311

Lignin biomarkers as tracers of mercury sources in lakes water column  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lignin biomarkers as tracers of mercury sources in lakes water column Jean-Franc¸ois Ouellet � Marc the autochthonous from the allochthonous organic matter (OM), lignin derived biomarker signa- tures [Lambda, S/V, C/V, P/(V ? S), 3,5-Bd/V and (Ad/Al)v] were used. Since lignin is exclusively produced by terrigenous

Long, Bernard

312

Peak Demand Reduction with Dual-Source Heat Pumps Using Municipal Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to examine a dual-source (air and/or water-coupled) heat pump concept which would reduce or eliminate the need for supplemental electrical resistance heating (strip heaters). The project examined two system options...

Morehouse, J. H.; Khan, J. A.; Connor, L. N.; Pal, D.

313

Discussions on Disposal Forms of Auxiliary Heat Source in Surface Water Heat Pump System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents two common forms of auxiliary heat source in surface water heat pump system and puts forward the idea that the disposal forms affect operation cost. It deduces operation cost per hour of the two forms. With a project...

Qian, J.; Sun, D.; Li, X.; Li, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Thermal Economic Analysis of an Underground Water Source Heat Pump System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper presents the thermal economic analysis of an underground water source heat pump system in a high school building based on usage per exergy cost as an evaluation standard, in which the black box model has been used and the cost...

Zhang, W.; Lin, B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

texas bacterial source tracking library Protection of our water resources is one of the most  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these sources is needed to target best management practices and develop bacterial total maximum daily loads significant environmental challenges of the new millen- nium. According to the 2010 Texas Water Quality and current practices, scientific advances and improvements in application. Collaborators · Texas Agri

316

'Water window' sources: Selection based on the interplay of spectral properties and multilayer reflection bandwidth  

SciTech Connect

Development of laser-produced plasma 'water window' sources poses a major challenge in x-ray research and most effort has focused on line sources for use with zone plate optics. Here, a comparison of carbon and nitrogen line emission with that from both 3d - 4f and 4d - 4f unresolved transition arrays shows that, at power densities available from 'table-top' solid-state lasers, 3d - 4f emission from zirconium plasmas is most intense, and calculations show that in an imaging system based on multilayer mirrors, for reflectance bandwidths >1% has superior performance than either line or broader-band sources. For bandwidths <1%, line sources are preferable.

Li, Bowen; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)] [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan)] [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [HiLASE Project, Institute of Physics AS, CR, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague 8 (Czech Republic)] [HiLASE Project, Institute of Physics AS, CR, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague 8 (Czech Republic)

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

317

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEC. 2005a. Variable-Frequency Drive. Fact sheet availabledollars. VFD = variable frequency drive. Sources: * AllianceSpeed Drives and Variable Frequency Drives Site/Company

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

31, 2010. ) U.S. DOE Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (3, 2010. ) Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance, ElectricEPRI. 1997. Quality Energy Efficiency Retrofits for Water

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Arsenic Removal Technologies and the Effect of Source Water Quality on Performance  

SciTech Connect

Arsenic removal technologies that are effective at the tens of ppb level include coagulation, followed by settling/microfiltration, ion exchange by mineral surfaces,and pressure-driven membrane processes (reverse osmosis, nanofiltration and ultrafiltration). This report describes the fundamental mechanisms of operation of the arsenic removal systems and addresses the critical issues of arsenic speciation, source water quality on the performance of the arsenic removal systems and costs associated with the different treatment technology categories.

KHANDAKER, NADIM R.; BRADY, PATRICK V.

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Recovery of energy from geothermal brine and other hot water sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Process and system for recovery of energy from geothermal brines and other hot water sources, by direct contact heat exchange between the brine or hot water, and an immiscible working fluid, e.g. a hydrocarbon such as isobutane, in a heat exchange column, the brine or hot water therein flowing countercurrent to the flow of the working fluid. The column can be operated at subcritical, critical or above the critical pressure of the working fluid. Preferably, the column is provided with a plurality of sieve plates, and the heat exchange process and column, e.g. with respect to the design of such plates, number of plates employed, spacing between plates, area thereof, column diameter, and the like, are designed to achieve maximum throughput of brine or hot water and reduction in temperature differential at the respective stages or plates between the brine or hot water and the working fluid, and so minimize lost work and maximize efficiency, and minimize scale deposition from hot water containing fluid including salts, such as brine. Maximum throughput approximates minimum cost of electricity which can be produced by conversion of the recovered thermal energy to electrical energy.

Wahl, III, Edward F. (Claremont, CA); Boucher, Frederic B. (San Juan Capistrano, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Identification of Bacteria in Biofilm and Bulk Water Samples from a Nonchlorinated Model Drinking Water Distribution System: Detection of a Large Nitrite-Oxidizing Population Associated with Nitrospira spp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identification of Bacteria in Biofilm and Bulk Water SamplesNo. 12 Identification of Bacteria in Biofilm and Bulk Water

Martiny, A. C; Albrechtsen, H.-J.; Arvin, E.; Molin, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Global Water Sustainability:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ground Water and Drinking Water EPA 816-R-04-003...oil and gas produced water treatment. Journal of Hazardous...92-99 Jurenka B (2007) Electrodialysis (ED) and Electrodialysis...usbr.gov/pmts/water/publications/reportpdfs...

Kelvin B. Gregory; Radisav D. Vidic; David A. Dzombak

323

Inhibitory Effect of Green Tea in the Drinking Water on Tumorigenesis by Ultraviolet Light and 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in the Skin of SKH-1 Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mm I.D.). The green tea water extracts...phase contained three solvents (Solvent A, acetonitrile...Solvent B, 5% Solvent C); and 24 to 30 min (100% Solvent A). The retention...min, respectively. Green tea extracts were...

Zhi-Yuan Wang; Mou-Tuan Huang; Thomas Ferraro; Ching-Quo Wong; You-Rong Lou; Kenneth Reuhl; Michael Iatropoulos; Chung S. Yang; and Allan H. Conney

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

The potential source of dissolved aluminum from resuspended sediments to the North Atlantic deep water  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory and field studies were conducted to investigate the significance of resuspended sediments as a source of dissolved Al to the deep northwest Atlantic. Sediment resuspension experiments demonstrate the effect on dissolved Al concentration (initially 11 nM) of adding natural suspended sediments (ca. 0.1-10 mg/L) to seawater. The concentration of dissolved Al increased by the resuspension of sediments; for example, addition of 0.15 mg/L sediments caused dissolved Al to increase by 10 nM. Distributions of dissolved and leachable particulate Al off the tail of the Grand Banks, near the high-energy western boundary current, show elevated levels in the near-bottom waters. The authors suggest that resuspended sediments associated with nepheloid layers along the western boundary of the North Atlantic are a source of dissolved Al. Strong western boundary currents provide the energy to resuspend and maintain intense nepheloid layers of sediments. Continued resuspension and deposition of sediments within the nepheloid layer promotes the release of Al from sediments to the overlying water. The Al-rich terrigenous sediments that predominate along the deep boundary of the Denmark Strait, Labrador Sea, Newfoundland and off Nova Scotia constitute a potentially significant source of dissolved Al. Release of Al from resuspended sediments associated with nepheloid layers at a more northern location (e.g., Denmark Strait) may contribute to the near-linear increase in dissolved Al with depth observed in the deep northwest Atlantic.

Moran, S.B.; Moore, R.M. (Dalhousie Univ., Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

High levels of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks Farin Kamangar...exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including known...80 oC) or cold (4 oC) water and two commonly used brands...Infusions were made by adding water to the leaves, steeping for...

Farin Kamangar; Michele Schantz; Christian Abnet; Renato Fagundes; and Sanford Dawsey

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Arsenic Waste Management: A Critical Review of Testing and Disposal of Arsenic-Bearing Solid Wastes Generated during Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Anthropogenic sources of arsenic in the environment are the smelting of ores, the burning of coal, and the use of arsenic compds. in many products and prodn. ... with iron and lime, were disposed of in-lined sites for 9-16 years (pit C) and 16-23 years (pits A and B). ...

Tara M. Clancy; Kim F. Hayes; Lutgarde Raskin

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

327

Evaluation of water source heat pumps for the Juneau, Alaska Area  

SciTech Connect

The purposes of this project were to evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of water source heat pumps (WSHP) for use in Juneau, Alaska and to identify potential demonstration projects to verify their feasibility. Information is included on the design, cost, and availability of heat pumps, possible use of seawater as a heat source, heating costs with WSHP and conventional space heating systems, and life cycle costs for WSHP-based heating systems. The results showed that WSHP's are technically viable in the Juneau area, proper installation and maintenance is imperative to prevent equipment failures, use of WSHP would save fuel oil but increase electric power consumption. Life cycle costs for WSHP's are about 8% above that for electric resistance heating systems, and a field demonstration program to verify these results should be conducted. (LCL)

Jacobsen, J.J.; King, J.C.; Eisenhauer, J.L.; Gibson, C.I.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

High power water load for microwave and millimeter-wave radio frequency sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high power water load for microwave and millimeter wave radio frequency sources has a front wall including an input port for the application of RF power, a cylindrical dissipation cavity lined with a dissipating material having a thickness which varies with depth, and a rear wall including a rotating reflector for the reflection of wave energy inside the cylindrical cavity. The dissipation cavity includes a water jacket for removal of heat generated by the absorptive material coating the dissipation cavity, and this absorptive material has a thickness which is greater near the front wall than near the rear wall. Waves entering the cavity reflect from the rotating reflector, impinging and reflecting multiple times on the absorptive coating of the dissipation cavity, dissipating equal amounts of power on each internal reflection.

Ives, R. Lawrence (Saratoga, CA); Mizuhara, Yosuke M. (Palo Alto, CA); Schumacher, Richard V. (Sunnyvale, CA); Pendleton, Rand P. (Saratoga, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Reuse water nourishes Moody Gardens  

SciTech Connect

Galveston, Texas, a growing city of 65,000 on hot and humid Galveston Island, isn't a likely place for a water-guzzling public garden. Part of the city's source for drinking water is an 800-foot-deep aquifer that has been overpumped so badly land has subsided in some areas. Water use is restricted during drought. With consumption peaking at 26 mgd in summer, Galveston doesn't need further stress on its domestic water supply. So when planning began for Moody Gardens, a $200-million environmental, therapeutic, and educational project, planners decided to reuse treated domestic sewage effluent as irrigation water. In 1986 they hired an Atlanta firm to evaluate the idea, which would ensure that water would always be available for plant watering, even during drought, and that the Gardens would not burden the city's water supply.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Water Reclamation and Reuse at Fort Carson: Best Management Practice Case Study #14 - Alternate Water Sources (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

FEMP Water Efficiency Best Management Practice #14 Case Study: Overview of the water reclamation and reuse program at the U.S. Army's Fort Carson.

Not Available

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Re-use of drinking water treatment plant (DWTP) sludge: Characterization and technological behaviour of cement mortars with atomized sludge additions  

SciTech Connect

This paper aims to characterize spray-dried DWTP sludge and evaluate its possible use as an addition for the cement industry. It describes the physical, chemical and micro-structural characterization of the sludge as well as the effect of its addition to Portland cements on the hydration, water demand, setting and mechanical strength of standardized mortars. Spray drying DWTP sludge generates a readily handled powdery material whose particle size is similar to those of Portland cement. The atomized sludge contains 12-14% organic matter (mainly fatty acids), while its main mineral constituents are muscovite, quartz, calcite, dolomite and seraphinite (or clinoclor). Its amorphous material content is 35%. The mortars were made with type CEM I Portland cement mixed with 10 to 30% atomized sludge exhibited lower mechanical strength than the control cement and a decline in slump. Setting was also altered in the blended cements with respect to the control.

Husillos Rodriguez, N., E-mail: nuriah@ietcc.csic.e [Instituto de Ciencias de la Construccion Eduardo Torroja (CSIC), Serrano Galvache 4, 28033 Madrid (Spain); Martinez Ramirez, S.; Blanco Varela, M.T. [Instituto de Ciencias de la Construccion Eduardo Torroja (CSIC), Serrano Galvache 4, 28033 Madrid (Spain); Guillem, M.; Puig, J. [Cementos Molins S.A., Crta. N-340, 2 al 38, E-08620 Sant Vicenc dels Horts, Barcelona (Spain); Larrotcha, E.; Flores, J. [Aguas de Barcelona S.A., Avenida Diagonal 211, 08018 Barcelona (Spain)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

"Table B32. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 2. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings* ...............",64783,56478,27490,28820,1880,3088,1422 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6789,4759,2847,1699,116,"N",169 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",6585,5348,2821,2296,"Q","Q",205 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11535,9562,4809,4470,265,"Q",430

333

Effect of animal density and trough placement on drinking behavior and dehydration in slaughter horses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of horse density and trough placement on aphics. latency to drink and the amount of time spent drinking water on-board a semi-trailer were determined. Three experiments using 19, 20, and 24 slaughter-type horses, ranging in body condition...

Gibbs, Amy Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

334

Effects of agrochemical use in agricultural activities on the drinking water quality of ground and surface water: a case study of Agogo in the Asanti-Akim North District.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The effects of agrochemical use in agricultural activities on the quality of ground and surface water within Agogo, a prominent tomato growing area in the… (more)

Adonadaga, Melvin-Guy

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Exergy and Energy analysis of a ground-source heat pump for domestic water heating under simulated occupancy conditions  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents detailed analysis of a water to water ground source heat pump (WW-GSHP) to provide all the hot water needs in a 345 m2 house located in DOE climate zone 4 (mixed-humid). The protocol for hot water use is based on the Building America Research Benchmark Definition (Hendron 2008; Hendron and Engebrecht 2010) which aims to capture the living habits of the average American household and its impact on energy consumption. The entire house was operated under simulated occupancy conditions. Detailed energy and exergy analysis provides a complete set of information on system efficiency and sources of irreversibility, the main cause of wasted energy. The WW-GSHP was sized at 5.275 kW (1.5-ton) for this house and supplied hot water to a 303 L (80 gal) water storage tank. The WW-GSHP shared the same ground loop with a 7.56 kW (2.1-ton) water to air ground source heat pump (WA-GSHP) which provided space conditioning needs to the entire house. Data, analyses, and measures of performance for the WW-GSHP in this paper complements the results of the WA-GSHP published in this journal (Ally, Munk et al. 2012). Understanding the performance of GSHPs is vital if the ground is to be used as a viable renewable energy resource.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

CHEMICAL TERRORISM: THREATS TO WATER SUPPLIES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although for practical reasons, terrorist attacks on water systems are considered less likely than on other targets, threats to drinking water cannot be ignored. A...

ALFRED BERNARD; CLAIRE DE BURBURE

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Sandia National Laboratories: Water Security Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for sensor network design of drinking water contamination systems," Handbook of Water and Wastewater Systems Protection, editors: R.M. Clark, S. Hakim, and A, Ostfeld, Series:...

338

Drinking Water Problems: Iron and Manganese (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

el agua para remover las impurezas. Usted quiz? pueda abrir un nuevo pozo en un lugar diferente o completar el pozo existente en una formaci?n diferente de agua. P?dale a un perforador de pozos consejo acerca de estas opciones. Si decide tratar el.... La inyec- ci?n debe ocurrir antes del tanque de presi?n y tan cerca al punto de descarga del pozo como sea posi- ble. El tratamiento por compuestos de fosfato es relati- vamente barato, pero pueden haber desventajas al rato, el hierro y/o manganeso...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

339

Arsenic and Drinking Water in West Bengal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...539-45. 7 Wegner R, Radon K, Heinrich-Ramm...Human MicroNucleus project. Mutat Res 2003...Human Micronucleus Project (2) regarding...Results of an international slide-scoring exercise by the HUMN project. Mutat Res 2003...

Armen K. Nersesyan

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Modeling and Experimental Investigation of a Variable Speed Drive Water Source Heat Pump  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate variable speed characteristics are needed for water source heat pumps (WSHP) to design variable speed controls to adjust refrigerant flow rates in heat pumps and air conditioners. The system capacity can then be regulated to match the compressor loads to the heating or cooling needs to improve the energy efficiency and lower energy costs. The motor and compression characteristics of WSHP were modeled to include the coupling between the motor speed and the torque characteristics and compression characteristics. An analytical model is given for a variable speed hermetic scroll compressor that describes various factors, such as the drive frequency, suction pressure, and discharge pressure as a function of the compressor speed. The model was validated experimentally using R22 and \\{R134a\\} in an experimental WSHP with variable speed control using frequency conversion. The results show that the analytical model properly describes the variable speed characteristics and provides a control strategy for adjusting the capacity of scroll compressors to match the heat pump or air conditioner operating conditions.

Zhifang Xue; Lin Shi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

To build a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system that produces hydrogen fuel directly from water using sunlight as the energy source.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 SS H2 O2 metaloxide GoalGoal To build a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system that produces hydrogen fuel directly from water using sunlight as the energy source. Approach: development of a multi provides voltage assist using lower-energy photons catalyst surface optimized for hydrogen evolution UH

342

Water Resources Center Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Resources Center Annual Technical Report FY 2007 Water Resources Center Annual Technical Report FY 2007 1 #12;Introduction The Rhode Island Water Resources Center has supported one information transfer project, "Clean Drinking Water in Rhode Island" and one research project "Enhancing Drinking Water

343

In-Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater and Soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Announcement of the Drinking Water Contaminant Candidateof perchlorate in drinking water. Water Research, 2009. 43(of perchlorate in drinking water sources. Journal American

Jin, Liyan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Water Research 39 (2005) 316 Non-agricultural sources of groundwater nitrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and leaky sewers), solid waste disposal (landfills and waste tips). The major sources of nitrogen.g. landfills and coal gasification works), multipoint sources (e.g. soakaways and leaky sewers) and diffuse

Sheffield, University of

345

Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CS232615A Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans National Center for Environmental Health). Water Safety Plans A Water Safety Plan (WSP) is a preventive management approach used to manage threats to a drinking water system--from catchment to consumer. It helps in the · Management of activities

346

Brackish groundwater as an alternative source of cooling water for nuclear power plants in Israel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Because of a high population density in the coastal plain, any future nuclear power plants will be located in the sparsely ... no surface water, the only alternatives to cooling water are piped-in Mediterranean. ...

A. Arad; A. Olshina

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Alternative water sources: Desalination model provides life-cycle costs of facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Story by Danielle Supercinski tx H2O | pg. 8 Alternative water sourcees Desalination model provides life-cycle costs of facility platform and design standards as DESAL ECONOMICS?, but created to analyze con- ventional surface water treatment... to determine the economic and financial life-cycle costs of building and operating four water treatment facilities in South Texas. One facility was the Southmost Regional Water Authority Regional Desalination Plant near Brownsville. Sturdi- vant said...

Supercinski, Danielle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Abi Williams Drink and be merry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a platter from John Lewis, cinnamon infused bread sauce and incongruous prosecco drink! to Christmas! and

Robertson, Stephen

349

Recycling Wastewater After Hemodialysis: An Environmental Analysis for Alternative Water Sources in Arid Regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water is a vital aspect of hemodialysis. During the procedure, large volumes of water are used to prepare dialysate and clean and reprocess machines. This report evaluates the technical and economic feasibility of recycling hemodialysis wastewater for irrigation uses, such as watering gardens and landscape plantings. Water characteristics, possible recycling methods, and production costs of treated water are discussed in terms of the quality of the generated wastewater. A cost-benefit analysis is also performed through comparison of intended cost with that of seawater desalination, which is widely used in irrigation.

Faissal Tarrass; Meryem Benjelloun; Omar Benjelloun

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Measured Space Conditioning and Water Heating Performance of a Ground-Source Integrated Heat Pump in a Residential Application  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to reduce residential building energy consumption, a ground-source integrated heat pump was developed to meet a home s entire space conditioning and water heating needs, while providing 50% energy savings relative to a baseline suite of minimum efficiency equipment. A prototype 7.0 kW system was installed in a 344 m2 research house with simulated occupancy in Oak Ridge, TN. The equipment was monitored from June 2012 through January 2013.

Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL] [ORNL; Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL] [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL] [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Foreshore Sand as a Source of Escherichia coli in Nearshore Water of a Lake Michigan Beach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and water (39, 46, 50), and other wildlife can also contribute to E. coli counts...Beach is such that prevailing southerly winds directly force water onshore, which may...resulted from storm events and associated wind, but E. coli counts in sand subsequently...

Richard L. Whitman; Meredith B. Nevers

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural drainage water Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

water runoff, unsewered... of representatives from agriculture, drinking water and wastewater utilities, environmental organizations... -326-1616 (cell) FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR WATER...

353

Accident source terms for boiling water reactors with high burnup cores.  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this report is to provide the technical basis for development of recommendations for updates to the NUREG-1465 Source Term for BWRs that will extend its applicability to accidents involving high burnup (HBU) cores. However, a secondary objective is to re-examine the fundamental characteristics of the prescription for fission product release to containment described by NUREG-1465. This secondary objective is motivated by an interest to understand the extent to which research into the release and behaviors of radionuclides under accident conditions has altered best-estimate calculations of the integral response of BWRs to severe core damage sequences and the resulting radiological source terms to containment. This report, therefore, documents specific results of fission product source term analyses that will form the basis for the HBU supplement to NUREG-1465. However, commentary is also provided on observed differences between the composite results of the source term calculations performed here and those reflected NUREG-1465 itself.

Gauntt, Randall O.; Powers, Dana Auburn; Leonard, Mark Thomas

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Assessment of natural and anthropogenic radioactivity levels in soils, rocks and water in the vicinity of Chirano Gold Mine in Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......gamma-ray exposure from natural radioactivity concentrations...drinking water containing natural radioactivity due to...inhalation of airborne radon gas for the area where both...concentrations in surface soils in Cyprus. J. Environ. Radioact...UNSCEAR. Exposures from natural sources of radiation......

A. Faanu; H. Lawluvi; D. O. Kpeglo; E. O. Darko; G. Emi-Reynolds; A. R. Awudu; O. K. Adukpo; C. Kansaana; I. D. Ali; B. Agyeman; L. Agyeman; R. Kpodzro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Radiation Efficiency of Water-Window Cherenkov Sources Using Atomic Shell Resonances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We developed simple theory of Cherenkov radiation at atomic resonances in the X-ray water window for L-shells in 5 trans-oxigen elements and proposed K-shell resonance in liquid...

Kaplan, Alexander E; Shkolnikov, Peter L

356

Simulation Study of Heat Transportation in an Aquifer about Well-water-source Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of groundwater reinjection, pumping and heat transportation in an aquifer plays an important theoretical role in ensuring the stability of deep-well water reinjection and pumping as well as smooth reinjection. Based on the related...

Cong, X.; Liu, Y.; Yang, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

BPA and Environmental Estrogen in Potable Water Sources in Enugu Municipality, South-East, Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

BPA and environmental estrogen levels were assayed in ... 02 ?g/L respectively. Also, the mean BPA levels (?g/L) in the different...p = 0.0227) in BPA levels between the harvested rain water and...

C. Maduka Ignatius; E. Ezeonu Francis…

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

2 Risk perceptions of arsenic in tap water and consumption 3 of bottled water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.htm). In the United States today bottled water 25 constitutes a significant proportion of the beverage indus- 26 try water is safe to drink in most areas of the United States, so 36 one could question why people in the United States drink 37 bottled water, especially when bottled water can be 240 and 38 10,000 times more

Shaw, W. Douglass

359

Using of produced water associated with oil and gas production as a source of hydrogen: solar electrolysis cell application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract In frame of the growing global concerns regarding to the high extent of environmental pollution and its serious consequences on the future of the planet. The seek out for a proper source of clean energy is considered to be a top priority. Where a substantial reduction in a present reliance on fossil fuels is achieved. This objective can not be factual without intensive efforts to find out the appropriate alternative, which are the sustainable and environmentally friendly energy alternatives. The use of hydrogen as an alternative fuel is gaining more and more acceptance as the environmental impact of hydrocarbons becomes more evident. The using of enormous amount of a polluted produced water associated oil and gas production activities to generate the hydrogen by solar hydrolysis cell, is considered to be a multi advantages alternative, where the volume of polluted and environmentally risky water been reduced and a significant volume of hydrogen been gained. This work is an attempt to design of a hydrogen generating station by water electrolysis whose energy resources are solar. The electricity supply is done by photovoltaic cells. The novelty of this work is the using of produced water to generate a clean energy (hydrogen), and in the same time reducing the threats caused by the disposal pits of the vast volume of the produced water at oilfields, which is the biggest challenge to the oil industry and the environment. In this work, the produced water has been electrolyzed by using solar energy. Standard chemical analyses methods have followed to determine the pollutants constitutes in this water. A pilot plant of

Maher A. R; Sadiq Al-baghdadi; Hashim R. Abdolhamid B; Omar A. Mkhatresh B

360

Pilot demonstration of concentrated solar-powered desalination of subsurface agricultural drainage water and other brackish groundwater sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The energy–water nexus is addressed with the experimental demonstration of a solar-powered desalination process system. This system was designed for high-recovery treatment of subsurface agricultural drainage water as a reuse strategy as well as other brackish groundwater sources. These water sources may exhibit wide fluctuations in salinity and makeup and pose a high risk for operational troubles due to high scaling potential. A first-of-its-kind open-cycle vapor-absorption heat pump is coupled with a multiple-effect distillation train and a large parabolic trough solar thermal concentrator. Without the heat pump, the distillation operation showed a minimum thermal energy consumption of 261.87 kWhth/m3. With the heat pump, the thermal energy consumption was reduced by more than 49% to 133.2 kWhth/m3. This reduction in thermal energy requirement directly translates into a 49% reduction in solar array area required to power a process with the same freshwater production rate as a system without an integrated heat pump. An optimized design was modeled and the thermal energy performance of a commercial system is projected at 34.9 kWhth/m3 using a 10-effect MED operating at 85% recovery.

Matthew D. Stuber; Christopher Sullivan; Spencer A. Kirk; Jennifer A. Farrand; Philip V. Schillaci; Brian D. Fojtasek; Aaron H. Mandell

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Village-Scale Practices and Water Sources in Indigenous Mexico after the Neoliberalizing of Social Property  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and legal histories of Mexico’s núcleos agrarios. pozo Literally a “well,” but used by some villagers to also refer to a spring or other water uptake point which has been only partly modified by humans. Also used by CONAGUA to mean a “motorized pump...

Kelly, John K.

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

362

Eau Canada: The Future of Canada's Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reviewed by Yves Laberge Quebec, Canada Bakker, Karen (from a scholar based in Quebec, which has nevertheless thea military town near Quebec City, where drinking water was

Laberge, Yves

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Conditioning of aggressive water in Suriname:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In Suriname groundwater is mostly used for drinking water production. Depending on the ground layers from which groundwater is extracted, groundwater is characterized as aggressive… (more)

Salmin, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Water Quality Guide for Livestock and Poultry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication discusses some of the most common contaminants in the drinking water of livestock and poultry. A table lists the Maximum Contaminant Level of some harmful substances....

Mukhtar, Saqib

1998-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

365

An Ecopartnership Project Promoting Sustainable Water Resource Management in Qinghai Province, China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology in small rural communities. Details describing the inexpensive drinking water treatment project are as follows. Inexpensive drinking water treatment technology for small rural communities In many rural faces the challenge of managing drinking water and wastewater in its rapidly expanding cities and many

366

Rules and Regulations Pertaining to a User Fee System for Point Source Dischargers that Discharge Pollutants into the Waters of the State (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations establish a user fee system for point source dischargers that discharge pollutants into the surface waters of the State. The funds from such fees are used by the Department of...

367

Electrodialysis in Water Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on the uses of electrodialysis and specially electrodialysis reversal for the treatment of brackish and groundwater to produce drinking water. Over the last 10–15 years,...

Andréa Moura Bernardes; Marco A. S. Rodrigues

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Attitudes and perceptions of urban households in sub-Saharan Africa on water sources, threats and sustainability: A study in Bondo, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, threats and sustainability: A study in Bondo, Kenya Daniel M Nzengya School of Sustainability, Arizona to clean water in Bondo township. 2. To describe what urban residents perceive as threats to households, during June 2011 to examine how attitudes and perceptions of urban residents on water sources, threats

Hall, Sharon J.

369

Exploding Wire in Water as a Potential Source of Amplified EUV-radiation  

SciTech Connect

Proximity wall stabilized, fast (>4x10{sup 11} A/s), high current (>40 kA) discharges are capable to create long, dense, hot, 'stable,' non-equilibrium plasma column suitable e.g. for amplification of EUV and soft X-ray radiation. Exploding wire in water resembles a metal-vapor-filled capillary with liquid, ever fresh wall (without any metallic deposit). Modeling of wire explosion (inclusive melting and boiling phase transitions, thermal diffusion, and non-constant conductivity) by the originally skinned driving current is described. Modeling results are compared with measurement of the discharge current and with side-on monitoring of H-alpha line emission. The differences are attributed to the fact that for calculation the material constants measured at atmospheric pressure were available only.

Kolacek, Karel; Prukner, Vaclav; Schmidt, Jiri; Straus, Jaroslav; Frolov, Oleksandr; Hoffer, Petr [Institute of Plasma Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. Za Slovankou 1782/3, 182 00 Prague 8 (Czech Republic)

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

370

Thermal-hydraulic performance of a water-cooled tungsten-rod target for a spallation neutron source  

SciTech Connect

A thermal-hydraulic (T-H) analysis is conducted to determine the feasibility and limitations of a water-cooled tungsten-rod target at powers of 1 MW and above. The target evaluated has a 10-cm x 10-cm cross section perpendicular to the beam axis, which is typical of an experimental spallation neutron source - both for a short-pulse spallation source and long-pulse spallation source. This report describes the T-H model and assumptions that are used to evaluate the target. A 1-MW baseline target is examined, and the results indicate that this target should easily handle the T-H requirements. The possibility of operating at powers >1 MW is also examined. The T-H design is limited by the condition that the coolant does not boil (actual limits are on surface subcooling and wall heat flux); material temperature limits are not approached. Three possible methods of enhancing the target power capability are presented: reducing peak power density, altering pin dimensions, and improving coolant conditions (pressure and temperature). Based on simple calculations, it appears that this target concept should have little trouble reaching the 2-MW range (from a purely T-H standpoint), and possibly much higher powers. However, one must keep in mind that these conclusions are based solely on thermal-hydraulics. It is possible, and perhaps likely, that target performance could be limited by structural issues at higher powers, particularly for a short-pulse spallation source because of thermal shock issues.

Poston, D.I.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

GRR/Section 14 - Water Resource Assessment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Water Resource Assessment - Water Resource Assessment < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 14 - Water Resource Assessment 14 - WaterResourceAssessment.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies United States Environmental Protection Agency Bureau of Land Management US Army Corps of Engineers Federal Emergency Management Agency Regulations & Policies Clean Water Act Coastal Zone Management Act Coastal Barrier Resources Act Safe Drinking Water Act Sole Source Aquifer Demonstration Program Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 NPDES Rules National Flood Insurance Act Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 14 - WaterResourceAssessment.pdf

372

The environmental chemistry track for Youth Slam 2009 is focused on the World Water Crisis. Did you know that over one billion people currently lack access to clean drinking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supplies ­ or to remediate the water. The third is to familiarize you with how water samples that have gone through such remediation can be tested to see how effective the technique has been. Finally scientific investigation, and so learning how to conduct such an investigation (with the support of the team

373

E-Print Network 3.0 - auxiliary water systems Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

including drinking water distribution systems (esp. in small rural communities... ), wastewater treatment, storm runoff, irrigation systems, dams, levees, and canals. 9. Water...

374

Water resources management in Crete and in the Aegean Islands, with emphasis on the utilization of non-conventional water sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Greek regions of Crete and of the Aegean Islands are of the southernmost river basin districts (RBDs) of the European Union. They both have limited water resources, and water demand often surpasses water availability. The geographical fractionation, particularly for the region of the Aegean Islands, is a major constrain for the implementation of an integrated water management plan. This article aims at presenting the current status of water resources in the above regions, and the existing water management plans. The article summarizes the pressures on the water resources of the above geographical regions, and investigates the possibility for utilization of nonconventional water resources, like desalinated seawater, reclaimed wastewater and brackish water. One of the conclusions among others is that the development of novel processes on water resources management should be one of the primary aims of any integrated water management plan.

Petros Gikas; Andreas N. Angelakis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

WATER PURITY DEVELOPMENT FOR THE COUPLED CAVITY LINAC (CCL) AND DRIFT TUBE LINAC (DTL) STRUCTURES OF THE SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE (SNS) LINAC  

SciTech Connect

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is a facility being designed for scientific and industrial research and development. SNS will generate and use neutrons as a diagnostic tool for medical purposes, material science, etc. The neutrons will be produced by bombarding a heavy metal target with a high-energy beam of protons, generated and accelerated with a linear particle accelerator, or linac. The low energy end of the linac consists of two room temperature copper structures, the drift tube linac (DTL), and the coupled cavity linac (CCL). Both of these accelerating structures use large amounts of electrical energy to accelerate the proton beam. Approximately 60-80% of the electrical energy is dissipated in the copper structure and must be removed. This is done using specifically designed water cooling passages within the linac's copper structure. Cooling water is supplied to these cooling passages by specially designed resonance control and water cooling systems. One of the primary components in the DTL and CCL water cooling systems, is a water purification system that is responsible for minimizing erosion, corrosion, scaling, biological growth, and hardware activation. The water purification system consists of filters, ion exchange resins, carbon beds, an oxygen scavenger, a UV source, and diagnostic instrumentation. This paper reviews related issues associated with water purification and describes the mechanical design of the SNS Linac water purification system.

D. KATONAK; J. BERNARDIN; S. HOPKINS

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Measurement of absorbed dose-to-water for an HDR {sup 192}Ir source with ionization chambers in a sandwich setup  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In this study, a dedicated device for ion chamber measurements of absorbed dose-to-water for a Nucletron microSelectron-v2 HDR {sup 192}Ir brachytherapy source is presented. The device uses two ionization chambers in a so-called sandwich assembly. Using this setup and by taking the average reading of the two chambers, any dose error due to difficulties in absolute positioning (centering) of the source in between the chambers is cancelled to first order. The method's accuracy was examined by comparing measurements with absorbed dose-to-water determination based on the AAPM TG-43 protocol.Methods: The optimal source-to-chamber distance (SCD) for {sup 192}Ir dosimetry was determined from ion chamber measurements in a water phantom. The {sup 192}Ir source was sandwiched between two Exradin A1SL chambers (0.057 cm{sup 3}) at the optimal SCD separation. The measured ionization was converted to the absorbed dose-to-water using a {sup 60}Co calibration factor and a Monte Carlo-calculated beam quality conversion factor, k{sub Q}, for {sup 60}Co to {sup 192}Ir. An uncertainty estimate of the proposed method was determined based on reproducibility of measurements at different institutions for the same type of source.Results: The optimal distance for the A1SL chamber measurements was determined to be 5 cm from the {sup 192}Ir source center, considering the depth dependency of k{sub Q} for {sup 60}Co to {sup 192}Ir and the chamber positioning. The absorbed dose to water measured at (5 cm, 90°) on the transverse axis was 1.3% lower than TG-43 values and its reproducibility and overall uncertainty were 0.8% and 1.7%, respectively. The measurement doses at anisotropic points agreed within 1.5% with TG-43 values.Conclusions: The ion chamber measurement of absorbed dose-to-water with a sandwich method for the {sup 192}Ir source provides a more accurate, direct, and reference dose compared to the dose-to-water determination based on air-kerma strength in the TG-43 protocol. Due to the simple but accurate assembly, the sandwich measurement method is useful for daily dose management of {sup 192}Ir sources.

Araki, Fujio; Kouno, Tomohiro; Ohno, Takeshi [Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, 4-24-1 Kuhonji, Kumamoto 862-0976 (Japan)] [Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, 4-24-1 Kuhonji, Kumamoto 862-0976 (Japan); Kakei, Kiyotaka; Yoshiyama, Fumiaki [Department of Radiotherapy, Kumamoto University Hospital, 1-1-1 Honjyo, Kumamoto 860-8556 (Japan)] [Department of Radiotherapy, Kumamoto University Hospital, 1-1-1 Honjyo, Kumamoto 860-8556 (Japan); Kawamura, Shinji [Department of Radiotherapy, Miyazaki University Hospital, 5200 Kihara Ohaza Kiyotake-Machi, Miyazaki 889-1692 (Japan)] [Department of Radiotherapy, Miyazaki University Hospital, 5200 Kihara Ohaza Kiyotake-Machi, Miyazaki 889-1692 (Japan)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

377

Clemson University Water System System No, SC3910006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control have strict standards for all drinking water contaminant that was detected in the water, even in the most minute traces, is listed here. The table contains

Duchowski, Andrew T.

378

Fant's Grove Water System System No, SC390112  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control have strict standards for all drinking water contaminant that was detected in the water, even in the most minute traces, is listed here. The table contains

Duchowski, Andrew T.

379

Clemson University Water System System No, SC3910006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) have strict standards for all drinking water contaminant that was detected in the water, even the most minute trace, is listed here. The table contains

Duchowski, Andrew T.

380

Water Filtration Using Plant Xylem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective point-of-use devices for providing safe drinking water are urgently needed to reduce the global burden of waterborne disease. Here we show that plant xylem from the sapwood of coniferous trees – a readily available, ...

Boutilier, Michael Stephen Ha

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Advanced Water Treatment System: Technological and Economic Evaluations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The supply of potable water from polluted rivers, lakes, unsafe wells, ... most effective methods to obtain low cost drinking water is desalination. In this chapter, an advanced water treatment system, based on electrodialysis

Artak Barseghyan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Water resources and the urban environment--98  

SciTech Connect

This report contains all the papers presented at the meeting. There are 25 sessions and one poster session in the document. The Sessions are: (1) Landfill gas/groundwater interactions; (2) Urban solids management; (3) Local issues; (4) Surface water quality studies 1; (5) Reductive treatment of hazardous wastes with zero-valent iron; (6) Water reuse 1; (7) Biosolids management; (8) GIS information systems 1; (9) Drinking water distribution; (10) Anaerobic treatment; (11) Water reuse 2; (12) Municipal wastewater treatment technology; (13) GIS information systems 2; (14) Drinking water treatment 1; (15) Risk-based site remediation; (16) Small urban watersheds; (17) Disinfection; (18) Air pollution control and risk assessment; (19) Drinking water treatment 2; (20) Biological wastewater treatment; (21) Wastewater treatment; (22) Decentralized small-scale alternative wastewater management systems; (23) General environmental issues; (24) Drinking water treatment 3; and (25) Groundwater remediation. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the database.

Wilson, T.E. [ed.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 -19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan DYNAMIC MODELING OF AN AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMP WATER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Compared to those water heaters, heat pump water heating systems can supply much more heat just with the same amount of electric input used for electric water heaters. The ASHPWH absorbs heat from the ambient- 1 - 10th IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 - 19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan DYNAMIC MODELING OF AN AIR

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

384

RAPID DETERMINATION OF {sup 210} PO IN WATER SAMPLES  

SciTech Connect

A new rapid method for the determination of {sup 210}Po in water samples has been developed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) that can be used for emergency response or routine water analyses. If a radiological dispersive device (RDD) event or a radiological attack associated with drinking water supplies occurs, there will be an urgent need for rapid analyses of water samples, including drinking water, ground water and other water effluents. Current analytical methods for the assay of {sup 210}Po in water samples have typically involved spontaneous auto-deposition of {sup 210}Po onto silver or other metal disks followed by counting by alpha spectrometry. The auto-deposition times range from 90 minutes to 24 hours or more, at times with yields that may be less than desirable. If sample interferences are present, decreased yields and degraded alpha spectrums can occur due to unpredictable thickening in the deposited layer. Separation methods have focused on the use of Sr Resin?, often in combination with 210Pb analysis. A new rapid method for {sup 210}Po in water samples has been developed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) that utilizes a rapid calcium phosphate co-precipitation method, separation using DGA Resin? (N,N,N?,N? tetraoctyldiglycolamide extractant-coated resin, Eichrom Technologies or Triskem-International), followed by rapid microprecipitation of {sup 210}Po using bismuth phosphate for counting by alpha spectrometry. This new method can be performed quickly with excellent removal of interferences, high chemical yields and very good alpha peak resolution, eliminating any potential problems with the alpha source preparation for emergency or routine samples. A rapid sequential separation method to separate {sup 210} Po and actinide isotopes was also developed. This new approach, rapid separation with DGA Resin plus microprecipitation for alpha source preparation, is a significant advance in radiochemistry for the rapid determination of {sup 210}Po.

Maxwell, S.

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

385

Ritual Black Drink consumption at Cahokia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acquisition of items such as marine shell, sharks teeth, pipestone...beverages from cups made of marine shells. I. vomitoria...critical that laboratory workers wear masks, gloves, and gowns and that no caffeinated drinks...on its close association with marine shell cups and renewal and purification...

Patricia L. Crown; Thomas E. Emerson; Jiyan Gu; W. Jeffrey Hurst; Timothy R. Pauketat; Timothy Ward

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Identification and quantification of the source terms for uranium in surface waters collected at the Rocky Flats facility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The intent of this study was to determine the fraction of soluble uranium attributable to the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) operations which is recoverable from waters and suspended sediments drawn from ponds on site at RFP. Samples were collected from late 1992 through 1993. Thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) measurement techniques indicate that the water samples contain both naturally occurring uranium and depleted uranium. The uranium concentrations in the waters collected from the terminal ponds contained 0.5% or less of the interim standard calculated derived concentration guide for uranium in waters available to the public.

D.W. Efurd; D.J. Rokop; R.D. Aguilar; F.R. Roensch; J.C. Banar; R.E. Perrin

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Clemson University Water System System No, SC3910006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) have strict standards for all drinking-quality analyses. Every regulated contaminant that was detected in the water, even in the most minute traces

Duchowski, Andrew T.

388

Clemson University Water System System No, SC3910006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) have strict standards for all drinking-quality analyses. Every regulated contaminant that was detected in the water, even the most minute trace, is listed

Duchowski, Andrew T.

389

High pressure water pyrolysis of coal to evaluate the role of pressure on hydrocarbon generation and source rock maturation at high maturities under geological conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the effect of water pressure on hydrocarbon generation and source rock maturation at high maturities for a perhydrous Tertiary Arctic coal, Svalbard. Using a 25 ml Hastalloy vessel, the coal was pyrolysed under low water pressure (230–300 bar) and high water pressure (500, 700 and 900 bar) conditions between 380 °C and 420 °C for 24 h. At 380 °C and 420 °C, gas yields were not affected by pressure up to 700 bar, but were reduced slightly at 900 bar. At 380 °C, the expelled oil yield was highest at 230 bar, but reduced significantly at 900 bar. At 420 °C cracking of expelled oil to gas was retarded at 700 and 900 bar. As well as direct cracking of the coal, the main source of gas generation at high pressure at both 380 °C and 420 °C is from bitumen trapped in the coal, indicating that this is a key mechanism in high pressure geological basins. Vitrinite reflectance (VR) was reduced by 0.16 %Ro at 380 °C and by 0.27 %Ro at 420 °C at 900 bar compared to the low pressure runs, indicating that source rock maturation will be more retarded at higher maturities in high pressure geological basins.

Clement N. Uguna; Andrew D. Carr; Colin E. Snape; Will Meredith

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Water.unl.edu Gateway to All Things Water A new Web site from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln provides access to a wide variety of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management, irrigation, drinking water, wastewater treatment, crop production, livestock, watershed or rural resident, for example ­ and go immediately to content specific to their interest. There are links

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

391

ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM DIFFERENT CARBON SOURCES USING ANAEROBICALLY DIGESTED AND WETOXIDISED MANURE AS NUTRIENT AND WATER SUPPLY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasses, great interest has arisen in production of biofuels. The idea of combining biogas and bioethanol and water in industry is a rather expensive medium. The remaining liquid after the biogas process is waste to pollution of ground waters. Furthermore the biogas process does not kill all pathogens. Anaerobically

392

Partnering to Save Water  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partnering Partnering to Save Water Phill Consiglio Southern California Edison What We Are Going to Discuss * A Little Bit About Water * The Energy Cost of Water * Water Technologies * What We Have Done * Where We Are Going A Little Bit About Water *The Earth Has A Finite Supply Of Fresh Water. - Water Is Stored In Aquifers, Surface Waters And The Atmosphere - Sometimes Oceans Are Mistaken For Available Water, But The Amount Of Energy Needed To Convert Saline Water To Potable Water Is Prohibitive Today *This Has Created A Water Crisis Due To: - Inadequate Access To Safe Drinking Water For About 884 Million People - Inadequate Access To Water For Sanitation And Waste Disposal For 2.5 Billion People - Groundwater Overdrafting (Excessive Use) Leading To Diminished Agricultural Yields

393

7-88 A geothermal power plant uses geothermal liquid water at 160C at a specified rate as the heat source. The actual and maximum possible thermal efficiencies and the rate of heat rejected from this power plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and potential energy changes are zero. 3 Steam properties are used for geothermal water. Properties Using7-31 7-88 A geothermal power plant uses geothermal liquid water at 160ºC at a specified rate saturated liquid properties, the source and the sink state enthalpies of geothermal water are (Table A-4) k

Bahrami, Majid

394

Water quality studies in Kranji Catchment, Singapore : use of organic tracer and PEDs for identifying potential sewage sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to identify organic compounds that could serve as indicators of potential human fecal contamination sources to the Kranji Reservoir in Singapore that could be used as confirmation indicators ...

Mendez Sagel, Adriana (Adriana Raquel)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Web-Based GIS and Desktop Open Source GIS Software: An Emerging Innovative Approach for Water Resources Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces an overview of Web-based GIS and its applications and some of the easily assessable Desktop Open Source GIS Software with easy–to–follow guidance that ... decision-maker and interested stake...

Sangeeta Verma; Ravindra Kumar Verma…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Seasonal differences in performance and water consumption of broilers as influenced by sex, egg weight and grain source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, State University, Utrecht, Holland) 86 EDEEL No. 3. Ross, Ernest, G. H. Strite and H. Yacowitz, 1954. Comparison of feed efficiency, water consumption, dry matter excretion, and oxygen consumption between slow and rapid growing chicks. Poultry Sci..., State University, Utrecht, Holland) 86 EDEEL No. 3. Ross, Ernest, G. H. Strite and H. Yacowitz, 1954. Comparison of feed efficiency, water consumption, dry matter excretion, and oxygen consumption between slow and rapid growing chicks. Poultry Sci...

Lane, Lionel Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

397

Increased salinization of fresh water in the northeastern United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Term Ecological Research (LTER) project. Samples were collected weekly...sampling stations for tributaries to Liberty Reservoir, a drinking water supply...program in Water and Watersheds (Project No. GAD-R825792), and the A...

Sujay S. Kaushal; Peter M. Groffman; Gene E. Likens; Kenneth T. Belt; William P. Stack; Victoria R. Kelly; Lawrence E. Band; Gary T. Fisher

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

South Dakota Water Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with mining, extraction, and processing of uranium (U) for nuclear fuel and weapons have generated substantial quality, drinking water quality, bio treatment for the removal of uranium from water, vegetative treatment

399

Oklahoma Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

drinking water treatment plants. Occurrence of Pharmaceuticals, Hormones, and other Organic Wastewater Resources Board. Decision Support System for Long Term Planning of Rural and Urban Water Supply Systems Cost

400

BUSINESS PLAN NIRMAL: LOW COST WATER PURIFICATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIRMAL #12;BUSINESS PLAN 2 NIRMAL: LOW COST WATER PURIFICATION I. Executive summary Nearly one the water. Hence we intend to address the issue by providing a low cost water purification system using billion people all over the world do not have access to safe drinking water.It is estimated that around 37

Mlllet, Dylan B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Solving Water Quality Problems in the Home  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If your drinking water comes from a private water well, there are certain procedures you can follow to make sure the water is safe. This publication explains how to get your water tested and, if treatment is necessary, to select the correct...

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

402

Texas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water in Houston and its adjoining communities was produced from surface water. The remainingTexas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2000 Introduction The 2000 research, the evaluation of membrane technologies to treat drinking water, and the use of well nests to monitor recharge

403

Modeling Urban Storm-Water Quality Treatment: Model Development and Application to a Surface Sand Filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water impacts has led us to the develop- ment of different storm-water treatment strategies. Previous knowledge regarding traditional water treatment systems drink- ing and wastewater and the evaluation

404

Ozonation of Mutagenic and Carcinogenic Polyaromatic Amines and Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons in Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Amines and Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons in Water 1 1 Supported by a grant...amines and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in water. | The Salmonella-microsome...g., 13 halogenated hydrocarbons were identified in the drinking water of New Orleans (13...

Gary R. Burleson; Michael J. Caulfield; and Morris Pollard

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The Karjat Drinking Water Project GISE (CSE)-CTARA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ 11 #12;Analysis Project- since 2008 Rs. 1500 crores in watershed development. Planning of small hydro

Sohoni, Milind

406

Drinking Water: Getting Rid of the Carbon Tetrachloride  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Research and De-velopment Administration. Paul W. Morgan, E...University; E. C. Starr, Bonneville Power Administration. Morris A. Steinberg...Oceanic and At-mospheric Administration; Paul B. Weisz, Mobil...

JEAN L. MARX

1977-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

407

Arsenic in Drinking Water: Regulatory Developments and Issues  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Developments and Issues Mary Tiemann Specialist in Environmental Policy Resources, Science, and Industry Division Summary In 2001, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)...

408

"Improving drinking water quality via identification and removal of certain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as biomass feedstocks that are more sustainable than terrestrial fuel crops. Focus on algae-derived energy

Acton, Scott

409

Your Actions Can Help Protect Our Drinking Water (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Para la Protecci?n Ambiental, el Estado de Texas y los sistemas locales de agua. Pero si el agua que usted recibe proviene de un pozo o de otra fuente privada, es su responsabilidad asegurarse que su agua potable es saludable. La protecci?n de nuestra... secos y herm?ticamente cerrados. a71 Guarde los productos a un m?nimo 150 pies (45m) de distancia de un pozo o una corriente de agua. a71 Mantenga los productos en un ?rea bien ventilada y lejos de cosas inflamables. a71 Almacene las bater?as y los...

Warren, Judith L.

2004-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

410

Regional Drinking Water Security Action research, policy and analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ 21 #12;Mograj/Tembhre GP level study and data analysis The Question : Why do stressed villages GP level study and data analysis () December 18, 2012 13 / 21 #12;North Karjat rural regional scheme for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas, GISE (CSE) IIT-Bombay www.ctara.iitb.ac.in () December 18, 2012 1

Sohoni, Milind

411

Caribbean and Pacific moisture sources on the Isthmus of Panama revealed from stalagmite and surface water d18  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Caribbean and Pacific moisture sources on the Isthmus of Panama revealed from stalagmite values from Panama and Costa Rica. The d18 O values decrease with distance from the Caribbean Sea ocean-atmosphere phenomena on ITCZ rainfall over the Isthmus of Panama. Citation: Lachniet, M. S., W. P

Asmerom, Yemane

412

Radioactive and chemical contamination of the water resources in the former uranium mining and milling sites of Mailuu Suu (Kyrgyzstan)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An assessment of the radioactive and chemical contamination of the water resources at the former uranium mines and processing sites of Mailuu-Suu, in Kyrgyzstan, was carried out. A large number of water samples were collected from the drinking water distribution system (DWDS), rivers, shallow aquifers and drainage water from the mine tailings. Radionuclides and trace metal contents in water from the DWDS were low in general, but were extremely high for Fe, Al and Mn. These elements were associated with the particle fractions in the water and strongly correlated with high turbidity levels. Overall, these results suggest that water from the DWDS does not represent a serious radiological hazard to the Mailuu Suu population. However, due to the high turbidities and contents of some elements, this water is not good quality drinking water. Water from artesian and dug wells were characterized by elevated levels of U (up to 10 ?g/L) and some trace elements (e.g. As, Se, Cr, V and F) and anions (e.g. Cl?, NO3?, SO42?). In two artesian wells, the WHO guideline value of 10 ?g/L for As in water was exceeded. As the artesian wells are used as a source of drinking water by a large number of households, special care should be taken in order to stay within the WHO recommended guidelines. Drainage water from the mine tailings was as expected highly contaminated with many chemicals (e.g. As) and radioactive contaminants (e.g. U). The concentrations of U were more than 200 times the WHO guideline value of 30 ?g/L for U in drinking water. A large variation in 234U/238U isotopic ratios in water was observed, with values near equilibrium at the mine tailings and far from equilibrium outside this area (reaching ratios of 2.3 in the artesian well). This result highlights the potential use of this ratio as an indicator of the origin of U contamination in Mailuu Suu.

J.A. Corcho Alvarado; B. Balsiger; S. Röllin; A. Jakob; M. Burger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Water treatment facilities (excluding wastewater facilities). (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, costs, and operation of water treatment facilities. Facilities covered include those that provide drinking water, domestic water, and water for industrial use. Types of water treatment covered include reverse osmosis, chlorination, filtration, and ozonization. Waste water treatment facilities are excluded from this bibliography. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Determination of absorbed dose to water around a clinical HDR {sup 192}Ir source using LiF:Mg,Ti TLDs demonstrates an LET dependence of detector response  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Experimental radiation dosimetry with thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs), calibrated in a {sup 60}Co or megavoltage (MV) photon beam, is recommended by AAPM TG-43U1for verification of Monte Carlo calculated absorbed doses around brachytherapy sources. However, it has been shown by Carlsson Tedgren et al.[Med. Phys. 38, 5539-5550 (2011)] that for TLDs of LiF:Mg,Ti, detector response was 4% higher in a {sup 137}Cs beam than in a {sup 60}Co one. The aim of this work was to investigate if similar over-response exists when measuring absorbed dose to water around {sup 192}Ir sources, using LiF:Mg,Ti dosimeters calibrated in a 6 MV photon beam. Methods: LiF dosimeters were calibrated to measure absorbed dose to water in a 6 MV photon beam and used to measure absorbed dose to water at distances of 3, 5, and 7 cm from a clinical high dose rate (HDR) {sup 192}Ir source in a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) phantom. Measured values were compared to values of absorbed dose to water calculated using a treatment planning system (TPS) including corrections for the difference in energy absorption properties between calibration quality and the quality in the users'{sup 192}Ir beam and for the use of a PMMA phantom instead of the water phantom underlying dose calculations in the TPS. Results: Measured absorbed doses to water around the {sup 192}Ir source were overestimated by 5% compared to those calculated by the TPS. Corresponding absorbed doses to water measured in a previous work with lithium formate electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) dosimeters by Antonovic et al. [Med. Phys. 36, 2236-2247 (2009)], using the same irradiation setup and calibration procedure as in this work, were 2% lower than those calculated by the TPS. The results obtained in the measurements in this work and those obtained using the EPR lithium formate dosimeters were, within the expanded (k = 2) uncertainty, in agreement with the values derived by the TPS. The discrepancy between the results using LiF:Mg,Ti TLDs and the EPR lithium formate dosimeters was, however, statistically significant and in agreement with the difference in relative detector responses found for the two detector systems by Carlsson Tedgren et al. [Med. Phys. 38, 5539-5550 (2011)] and by Adolfsson et al.[Med. Phys. 37, 4946-4959 (2010)]. Conclusions: When calibrated in {sup 60}Co or MV photon beams, correction for the linear energy transfer (LET) dependence of LiF:Mg,Ti detector response will be needed as to measure absorbed doses to water in a {sup 192}Ir beam with highest accuracy. Such corrections will depend on the manufacturing process (MTS-N Poland or Harshaw TLD-100) and details of the annealing and read-out schemes used.

Carlsson Tedgren, Aasa; Elia, Rouba; Hedtjaern, Haakan; Olsson, Sara; Alm Carlsson, Gudrun [Radiation Physics, Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoeping University, SE 581 85 Linkoeping (Sweden) and Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, SE 171 16 Stockholm (Sweden); Radiation Physics, Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoeping University, SE 581 85 Linkoeping (Sweden); Radiation Physics, Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoeping University, SE 581 85 Linkoeping (Sweden) and Department of Radiation Physics UHL, County Council of Oestergoetland, SE 581 85 Linkoeping (Sweden); Radiation Physics, Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoeping University, SE 581 85 Linkoeping (Sweden)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

The Drinking Water Security and Safety Amendments of 2002: Is America's Drinking Water Infrastructure Safer Four Years Later?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2391 (2002) (VHF's include Ebola Virus, Marburg Virus, Lassawhich (particularly the Ebola virus) provide the inspirationProgress in Treating Deadly Ebola, THE AGE (Dec. 12, 2003),

Shermer, Steven D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

The Drinking Water Security and Safety Amendments of 2002: Is America's Drinking Water Infrastructure Safer Four Years Later?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While some believe that hacking into a SCADA system "of SCADA systems by hacking into a computerized wastefor such things as ". . .hacking into computers, chemical

Shermer, Steven D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Water-dispersible soil particles and the transport of nonpoint-source pollutants in the lower Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

complexation and sorption reactions. SUSPENDED PARTICLES IN NATURAL SYSTEMS AND THEIR SUSPENSION STABILITY Colloids are solid particles with a diameter between 0, 01 pm and 10 )tm and very low water solubility which remain in the suspended state due... in operating the transinission electron microscope. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTE I R INTRODUCIION. Particle-Mediated Transport of Nonpoint-Soutce Pollutants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suspended Particles in Natural Systems and Their Suspension...

Przepiora, Andrzej

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

FEBRUARY 2013 WATER technical features  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

produced and distributed drinking water while sewers collected wastewater for treatment at remote plants, solutions to wastewater infrastructure need to be effective in protecting public health and preserving water the potential to achieve these goals in rural areas, peri- urban developments, small towns and urban centres

419

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Sources Energy Sources Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Learn more about energy from solar, wind, water, geothermal and biomass. Read more Nuclear Nuclear Learn more about how we...

420

Measured Performance and Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps for Space Conditioning and for Water Heating in a Low-Energy Test House Operated under Simulated Occupancy Conditions  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present measured performance and efficiency metrics of Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHPs) for space conditioning and for water heating connected to a horizontal ground heat exchanger (GHX) loop. The units were installed in a 345m2 (3700ft2) high-efficiency test house built with structural insulated panels (SIPs), operated under simulated occupancy conditions, and located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (USA) in US Climate Zone 4 . The paper describes distinctive features of the building envelope, ground loop, and equipment, and provides detailed monthly performance of the GSHP system. Space conditioning needs of the house were completely satisfied by a nominal 2-ton (7.0 kW) water-to-air GSHP (WA-GSHP) unit with almost no auxiliary heat usage. Recommendations for further improvement through engineering design changes are identified. The comprehensive set of data and analyses demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of GSHPs in residential applications and their potential to help achieve source energy and greenhouse gas emission reduction targets set under the IECC 2012 Standard.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL] [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL] [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL] [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Water quality analysis of the piped water supply in Tamale, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United Nation's Millennium Development Goal Target 7.C is to "halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water". While the UN claimed to have met this goal, studies ...

Hansen, Allison Jean

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Nanomaterial Composites for Next Generation Water Filters: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-06-197  

SciTech Connect

Under this CRADA, the Parties will produce and test a composite filter element that will remove particles, bacteria and viruses to produce safe drinking water.

Ginley, D.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Determining the Viability of a Hybrid Experiential and Distance Learning Educational Model for Water Treatment Plant Operators in Kentucky.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Drinking water and wastewater industries are facing a nationwide workforce shortfall of qualified treatment plant operators due to factors including the en masse retirement… (more)

Fattic, Jana R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

STEP 8. The wet well stores filtered water before it is pumped into the air-stripping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, to produce an annual report on the quality of its drinking water. In addition to reminding consumers into the Upper Glacial aquifer (see page 3), the Lab's "finished" drinking water is produced with pride by the staff of BNL's Water Treatment Facility (WTF) of the Energy & Utilities Division. Producing BNL

Ohta, Shigemi

425

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking patterns Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: alcohol drinking patterns Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 StraightTalk A guide for parents on teenage drinking Summary: to use alcohol? 14 Why do teenagers drink? 15 What...

426

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in road-deposited sediments, water sediments, and soils in Sydney, Australia: Comparisons of concentration distribution, sources and potential toxicity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) considered as priority environmental pollutants were analysed in surface natural soils (NS), road-deposited sediments (RDS), and water sediments (WS) at Kogarah in Sydney, Australia. Comparisons were made of their concentration distributions, likely sources and potential toxicities. The concentrations (mg/kg) in NS, RDS, and WS ranged from 0.40 to 7.49 (mean 2.80), 1.65 to 4.00 (mean 2.91), and 0.49 to 5.19 (mean 1.76), respectively. \\{PAHs\\} were dominated by relatively high molecular weight compounds with more than three fused benzene rings, indicating that high temperature combustion processes were their predominant sources. The proportions of high molecular weight \\{PAHs\\} with five or six fused benzene rings were higher in NS than in RDS, whereas the low molecular weight \\{PAHs\\} were higher in RDS. Concentrations of all \\{PAHs\\} compounds were observed to be the lowest in WS. The concentrations of most of the high molecular weight \\{PAHs\\} significantly correlated with each other in RDS and WS. All \\{PAHs\\} (except naphthalene) were significantly correlated in NS suggesting a common PAH source. Ratios for individual diagnostic \\{PAHs\\} demonstrated that the primary source of \\{PAHs\\} in WS and NS was of pyrogenic origin (combustion of petroleum (vehicle exhaust), grass, and wood) while in RDS it was petrogenic (i.e. unburned or leaked fuel and oil, road asphalt, and tyre particles) as well as pyrogenic. The potential toxicities of \\{PAHs\\} calculated using a toxicity equivalent quotient (TEQ) were all low but higher for NS compared to WS and RDS.

Thuy Chung Nguyen; Paripurnanda Loganathan; Tien Vinh Nguyen; Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran; Jaya Kandasamy; Danny Slee; Gavin Stevenson; Ravi Naidu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

News Release: DOE Announces Riverton Water Sampling Results | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces Riverton Water Sampling Results Announces Riverton Water Sampling Results News Release: DOE Announces Riverton Water Sampling Results May 11, 2012 - 3:25pm Addthis News Contact: Contractor, Judy Miller, S.M. Stoller Corporation Public Affairs (970) 248-6363 jmiller@lm.doe.gov Laboratory results indicate water from the alternative water supply system is safe for residents to drink The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that residential drinking water testing from an alternative water supply system in Riverton, Wyoming, confirmed the water is safe. Results from ater samples collected on May 3, 2012, show that uranium levels at 0.0001 milligrams per liter, well below the drinking water standard set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "We take the issue of potential water contamination very seriously and

428

Electropositive Filter Membrane as an Alternative for the Elimination of PCR Inhibitors from Sewage and Water Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...additional sample purification methods. Contamination of drinking water, recreational...additional DNA and RNA purification methods unnecessary...MATERIALS AND METHODS Water samples. Raw...genetics isolation & purification Sewage virology Water Pollution

A. P. S. Queiroz; F. M. Santos; A. Sassaroli; C. M. Hársi; T. A. Monezi; D. U. Mehnert

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Designing of a prototype heat-sealer to manufacture solar water sterilization pouches for use in developing nations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water purification proves to be a difficult task in many developing nations. The SODIS (SOlar water DISinfection) process is a method which improves the microbiological quality of water making it safer for drinking and ...

Quinlan, Saundra S

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Outdoor Laboratory Water System Clemson, SC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

show about it, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control have strict standards for all the results of our water-quality analyses. Every regulated contaminant that was detected in the water, even

Duchowski, Andrew T.

431

Outdoor Laboratory Water System Clemson, SC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

show about it, and other things you should know about drinking water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control have strict standards for all of our water-quality analyses. Every regulated contaminant that was detected in the water, even

Duchowski, Andrew T.

432

Alcohol Mixed with Caffeinated Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Trends Among Canadian Youth & Young Adults.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Use of caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) and alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs) is a growing trend worldwide, and in Canada, youth and young adults… (more)

McCrory, Cassondra

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking study Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Costs of the Problem >20% of Americans drink at levels that exceed... billion annually in lost productivity, absenteeism 12;What Are Alcoholism and Problem Drinking? Alcoholic......

434

Effective water treatment for rural communities in Suriname : a comparison of point-of-use ceramic filters and centralized treatment with sand filters.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? For countless communities around the world, acquiring access to safe drinking water is a daily challenge which many organizations endeavor to meet. The villages… (more)

Vincent, Ashlee K.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Management of Services Quality as a Tool to Increase Water Supply Companies’ Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The proof of necessity to control and manage service quality as a main factor for water supply enterprise efficiency increase is given in the article. Drinking water quality is reasoned to be a utility ... with a...

Olga Krakashova Dr.; Anna Pelevina Dr.; Vladimir Yaroslavtsev

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Michigan Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Special Seminar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Michigan Environmental and Water Resources for arsenic remediation in rural South Asian drinking water Abstract: Over 60 million people in Bangladesh

Kamat, Vineet R.

437

Development and Application of a Bioluminescence-Based Test for Assimilable Organic Carbon in Reclaimed Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Jersey 08043 Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) is an important parameter governing the...protection) can have dramatic impacts on AOC levels in drinking water, few water utilities routinely measure AOC levels because of the difficulty of the...

Lauren A. Weinrich; Eugenio Giraldo; Mark W. LeChevallier

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

438

Abstract 823: Water-soluble ureidomustine (BO-1055) potently suppresses orthotopic 22Rv/HL2 prostate tumor xenografts: early preclinical studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nitrate and nitrite, nitrate in drinking water, and ovarian cancer risk among postmenopausal...and nitrate is a contaminant of drinking water. We previously reported an increased ovarian...associated with higher nitrate intake in public water supplies in the Iowa Womens Health Study...

Tsann-Long Su; Yi-Ren Chen; Jae-Hung Shieh; Tung-Hu Tsai; Malcolm A.S. Moore; Te-Chang Lee

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

DHV water pumping optimization Simon van Mourik1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 6 DHV water pumping optimization Simon van Mourik1 Joris Bierkens2 Hans Stigter1 Martijn for optimizing a drinking water network over a horizon of 48 hours, given variable water demands, energy prices and constraints on the pumping strategy and water levels in the reservoirs. Both the dynamic model and goal

Rottschäfer, Vivi

440

Charles J. Vrsmarty & the UNH Water Systems Analysis Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and environmental flows? Pollution? Poor governance? #12;Provision of Clean Water and Sanitation: A Millennium #12;Food security Global Water Resource Challenges "Engineered" water Sanitation and access to clean.1 billion people lack clean drinking water 2.6 billion people lack basic sanitation

Slatton, Clint

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Risk Management Analysis of Our Water Infrastructure's Soft, Chewy Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National security has become a growing concern since the terrorist attacks on the United States in September of 2001. A safe public drinking water supply has undoubtedly always been considered a priority nationwide. Now, ...

Wolff, Mark

2005-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

442

Community water systems recovering from the drought: Lessons learned; plans made  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#26;exibility in expediting drought- related actions. #31;e Texas Legislature also gave TCEQ more #26;exibility in managing water rights. State agencies pulled together to provide technical assistance and help communities through the drought. TCEQ... , the Texas Department of Emergency Management (TDEM) and the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) formed the Emergency Drinking Water Task Force to work with other state partners to develop the Emergency Drinking Water Contingency Annex. #31;is annex...

Wythe, Kathy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Meeting the mandate for clean water : an evaluation of privately managed U.S. water and wastewater systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliable provision of clean and safe drinking water is critical for public health, economic stability and growth in the United States. Due to a combination of financial, regulatory and operational challenges, however, it ...

Freund, Evan Benjamin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Electrolysis of Water  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

Students observe the electrolysis of water using either photovoltaics or a battery as the electric energy source.

445

Wetland Hydrology! 1. Water sources!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Flooding). #12;2. Where do wetlands occur?! Poorly drained sites! Groundwater sites: ! receive! Dominated by herbaceous vegetation.! Tidal (above, with egrets)! Non-tidal (Colorado)! #12;Riparian;Wetland Hydrology and Flood Control?! Do wetlands offer flood control benefits?! Yes, in the sense

Gray, Matthew

446

Expression of behavioral sensitization to ethanol is increased by energy drink administration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Alcohol abuse and dependence are important medical, social and economical problems, affecting millions of people. A relatively recent habit among young people is mixing alcohol with energy drinks (ED), in spite of the risks involved may be higher than those associated with alcohol consumption alone. The mixture of alcohol and energy drinks, both with stimulant properties, may alter the perception of intoxication and could lead individuals to believe they are less drunk and can drink more or for longer periods of time. In animals, the repeated administration of ethanol can lead to a progressive increase of the locomotor stimulant effect, known as behavioral sensitization, a drug-dependent behavioral plasticity associated with vulnerability to addiction. As well as for addiction, there are clear individual differences in the level of sensitization to ethanol among species and even among individuals from the same strain. The present study assessed how ED affects the expression of ethanol sensitization. Female mice chronically treated with ethanol (2.4 g/kg) were classified as low-sensitized or high-sensitized. Two days later, different groups of mice were submitted to saline + water, ethanol + water or ethanol + ED systemic challenges. As expected, only the high-sensitized group expressed clear sensitization after ethanol administration. However, the administration of ethanol + ED triggered the sensitization expression in the low-sensitized group. These data indicate that the combined use of ED and ethanol can potentiate the stimulant and, consequently, the reward effects of ethanol in previously treated mice. If a similar process occurs in human beings, the use of ED can increase the risk of developing alcohol abuse or dependence.

Sionaldo Eduardo Ferreira; Karina Possa Abrahao; Maria Lucia Oliveira Souza-Formigoni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Decreasing aqueous mercury concentrations to achieve safe levels in fish: examining the water-fish relationship in two point-source contaminated streams  

SciTech Connect

East Fork Poplar Creek (EFPC) and White Oak Creek (WOC) are two mercury-contaminated streams located on the Department of Energy s Oak Ridge Reservation in east Tennessee. East Fork Poplar Creek is the larger and more contaminated of the two, with average aqueous mercury (Hg) concentrations exceeding those in reference streams by several hundred-fold. Remedial actions over the past 20 years have decreased aqueous Hg concentrations in EFPC by 85 %. Fish fillet concentrations, however, have not responded to this decrease in aqueous Hg and remain above the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency s ambient water quality criterion (AWQC) of 0.3 mg/kg. The lack of correlation between aqueous and fish tissue Hg concentrations in this creek has led to questions regarding the usefulness of target aqueous Hg concentrations and strategies for future remediation efforts. White Oak Creek has a similar contamination history but aqueous Hg concentrations in WOC are an order of magnitude lower than in EFPC. Despite the lower aqueous Hg concentrations, fish fillet concentrations in WOC have also been above the AWQC, making the most recent aqueous Hg target of 200 ng/L in EFPC seem unlikely to result in an effective decrease in fillet Hg concentrations. Recent monitoring efforts in WOC, however, suggest an aqueous total Hg threshold above which Hg bioaccumulation in fish may not respond. This new information could be useful in guiding remedial actions in EFPC and in other point-source contaminated streams.

Mathews, Teresa J [ORNL; Southworth, George R [ORNL; Peterson, Mark J [ORNL; Roy, W Kelly [ORNL; Ketelle, Richard H [ORNL; Valentine, Charles S [ORNL; Gregory, Scott M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Investigating Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................................... 193 Lesson 11 Water and Pollution........................................................................................................................ 195 Activity 11.1, Pollution, Pollution, Everywhere...! ............................................................................. 205 Record Sheet 11.1, Pollution, Pollution, Everywhere! ..................................................................... 207 Activity 11.2, Pollution at Its Source...

Howard Jr., Ronald A.

2002-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

449

Water Electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production of ammonium sulfate fertilizer via synthetic ammonia was a national project in Japan just after World War II, and water electrolysis as the source of hydrogen was active....3 of hydrogen and 700 Nm3 of...

Fumio Hine

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

BSTBacterial Source Tracking Conference Proceedings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BSTBacterial Source Tracking Conference Proceedings 2012 Bacterial Source Tracking State Conference Conference Proceedings Prepared by: Lucas Gregory, Texas Water Resources Institute Courtney Smith of the Science Conference Texas Water Resources Institute TR-427 June 2012 #12;#12;Texas Water Resources

451

Effects of a modified through-mask drinking system (MDS) on fluid intake during exercise in chemical protective gear. Report for January-May 1989  

SciTech Connect

This study was designed to evaluate the effects of a modified through-mask drinking system (MDS) on voluntary fluid consumption. Eighteen male volunteers walked on a treadmill (4.02 km/hr, 0 deg. grade, 50 min/hr for 6 hr) in a climatic chamber (dry bulb=32.6 deg C, wet bulb=17.5 deg C, 20.4% relative humidity, and windspeed=8.05 km/hr, producing a WBGT of 22.1 deg C). Subjects wore chemical protective gear (trousers, jacket, boots, gloves, and M17A1 protective mask) and were randomly assigned one of two through-mask and were randomly assigned one of two through-mask drinking systems: CS (n=9), the current gravity fed system or MDS (n=9), a prototype hand-pump drinking system. Because decontamination of the mask and drinking connections was performed prior to drinking, the overall use of the CS was rated significantly more difficult during both work and rest than the MDS. Failure to decontaminate connections prior to drinking was noted early in the trial in 2 soldiers using the CS suggesting an increase risk of accidental contamination associated with this system. Drinking with the MDS had no measurable adverse effect on hydration status of the test subjects: water intake rate, 0.36 L/hr (CS) and 0.42 L/hr (MDS); sweat rate, 0.63 L/hr (CS) and 0.67 L/hr (MDS); body weight loss, 0.32 %/hr (CS) and 0.31 %/hr (MDS).

Szlyk, P.C.; Sils, I.V.; Tharion, W.J.; Francesconi, R.P.; Mahnke, R.B.

1989-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

452

Comparing removal of trace organic compounds and assimilable organic carbon (AOC) at advanced and traditional water treatment plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stability of drinking water can be indicated by the assimilable organic carbon (AOC). This AOC value represents the regrowth capacity of microorganisms...254, and AOC) from water, experimental results indicate th...

Jie-Chung Lou; Chung-Yi Lin; Jia-Yun Han…

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

New screening test to determine the acceptability of 0.45-micron membrane filters for analysis of water.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...contamination of environmental water samples introduced by filter...media for membrane filtration recovery of staphylococci in swimming pool water. Appl. Environ. Microbiol...1983. New medium for improved recovery of coliform bacteria from drinking...

K P Brenner; C C Rankin

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Study of the distribution of 226Ra in ground water near the uranium industry of Jharkhand, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......levels of 226Ra observed in the ground water. Being a mineralised area, variation...226Ra activity concentration in ground water that is used for drinking purpose...Cretescu I. Characterisation and remediation of soils contaminated with uranium......

R. M. Tripathi; V. N. Jha; S. K. Sahoo; N. K. Sethy; A. K. Shukla; V. D. Puranik; H. S. Kushwaha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Introduction Welcome to the third volume of The World's Water. What started as an effort to explore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

drinking water. Nearly two and a half billion people lack access to improved sanitation. Thousands still-Brief section of this book.) Such statements do not provide water to poor people or save ecosystems, but they do

456

Chapter 3 - Principles of Water Purification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the principles of water purification. An important point to observe is the difference between purifying drinking water and purifying water optimal for life of organisms. In the former case, it is important that organisms, prokaryotes and protists, are effectively killed in the water treatment. In the latter instance, the purified water must allow all organisms to live. Chlorination and other treatments that are used to purify drinking water are toxic to all organisms. Water treatment first mechanically removes large objects, whereafter much of the organic material is biodegraded via digestion by anaerobic and aerobic bacteria. When wastes are biodegraded, production of biogas and heat occurs. A final step in wastewater treatment involves the removal of certain compounds, such as phosphorus by precipitation as, for example, insoluble iron phosphate, and of some metals by hyperaccumulating plants.

Mikko Nikinmaa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Is My Water Safe? disaster may disrupt the electricity needed to pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Water purification tablets -- These tablets are available at drug stores. Follow the manufacturerIs My Water Safe? A disaster may disrupt the electricity needed to pump water in the home and/or contaminate the water supply. Planning ahead can assure there is enough safe water for drinking, preparing

458

please recycle. Is it safe to drink?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to toxic compounds, in our air and water, in the products we use and the byproducts of the industries in environmental science, molecular biology, medicine and environmental policy to elucidate how pollutants affect pollution to solution. That's why the Nicholas School of the Environment and the Duke University Medical

Reif, John H.

459

Inorganic by-products in waters disinfected with chlorine dioxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The continuing diminishing sources of fresh waters has stimulated the search for unconventional water resources, such as effluents from municipal sewage treatment plants, which can be reused for purposes of irrigation in agriculture, cooling water in industry, groundwater aquifer recharge and in the long term even for drinking water. The main problem of using effluents is the presence of pathogenic bacteria and viruses that can affect human and animal health. Therefore, disinfection has been used for many years to control and reduce waterborne diseases. At the moment, most water treatment plants use sodium hypochlorite as their primary biocide. However, the toxicity of chlorinated organic compounds produced during the treatment has led to increased interest in the use of alternative agents. One possible candidate as viable substitute of free chlorine is chlorine dioxide. Before this disinfectant can be recommended for routine use, it is imperative that its safety be assessed. In this research we have investigated the presence of chlorite and chlorate in sewage disinfected with chlorine dioxide. The effect of initial concentration of biocide and contact time was evaluated using a pilot plant fed with the effluent of a municipal treatment plant. Moreover, the influence of ClO2 generator performance was analyzed and discussed.

E. Veschetti; B. Cittadini; D. Maresca; G. Citti; M. Ottaviani

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Chapter 2 Lake and reservoir water uses and abuses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Reservoirs are beneficial for human water needs, sometimes for one particular purpose, but frequently for multiple simultaneous purposes (multipurpose use). In contrast, lakes are natural waterbodies, often without designated human water uses. However, the use of their water is recently becoming more intensive and multipurpose, particularly for lakes in heavily-populated countries and intensively-utilized regions. This multipurpose and extensive use can often lead to abuse and conflicts, to a reduced ability to supply water of good quality, aesthetic and safe for human consumption. This chapter distinguishes twelve types of lake and reservoir functions. These include drinking water, irrigation, flood control, fish production and production of other useful organisms, mining, fire- and ice-ponds, and urban reservoirs. The deterioration of lakes and reservoirs is difficult to classify and two major groups are distinguished. One is based on their improper usage—abuses of the waterbodies, classified according to sources or reasons of the deterioration. The other is based on the agents and compounds causing the deterioration—pollution.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Bromate, chlorite, chlorate, haloacetic acids, and trihalomethanes occurrence in indoor swimming pool waters in Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Subjects attending indoor swimming pools are exposed to disinfection by-products (DBPs) by inhalation, dermal contact and/or ingestion, as a consequence of water disinfection treatments with chlorine and related compounds. The occurrence of trihalomethanes (THMs) in pool waters has been well documented, while information about other DBPs, including bromate, chlorite, chlorate and haloacetic acids (HAAs), is very limited even though some of these substances are potentially dangerous for human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of bromate, chlorite, chlorate, \\{HAAs\\} and \\{THMs\\} both in pool and in source water of 24 public indoor swimming pools in Emilia Romagna Region, Northern Italy. \\{THMs\\} were evaluated with a standardized method involving the head-space gas-chromatographic technique, while HAAs, bromate, chlorite, and chlorate were detected by Ion Chromatography with Mass Spectrometry. \\{THMs\\} were measured in all the pool water samples (mean value: 36.9 ± 28.2 ?g/l), while they were detectable in less than 50% of source waters and always at very low levels (mean value: 2.0 ± 4.1 ?g/l), as a consequence of drinking water disinfection with chlorine dioxide, a widespread disinfection method in Italy. Bromate was always absent in source water samples, and it was detected in 3 samples of pool water only (range: 10–48 ?g/l). \\{HAAs\\} were scarcely detected in source waters (3 positive samples, maximum level observed: 21 ?g/l), while in pool water they were always present at detectable levels and showed high concentrations (range: 11–403 ?g/l, mean value of 164 ± 108 ?g/l). Chlorite was present in 22 water supply samples (mean value: 149 ± 122 ?g/l) but only in one pool water. Chlorate, on the contrary, resulted as the most prevalent DBP both in source (range: 2–499 ?g/l) and in pool waters, where it showed the highest levels, with a mean value of 3661 ?g/l and a maximum value of 19 537 ?g/l. Such environmental levels could result in an important human exposure, mainly by ingestion and/or dermal contact, to non volatile \\{DBPs\\} different than THMs. Exposure to those DBPs, therefore, needs to be further investigated and strategies aimed at minimizing it should be identified and undertaken. Attention should be paid, above all, to chlorate: this substance appears really widespread in swimming pool water and, according to the most recent toxicological studies, its potential human health effects could be relevant.

Elena Righi; Gugliemina Fantuzzi; Guerrino Predieri; Gabriella Aggazzotti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Environmental assessment for the domestic water supply upgrades and consolidation on the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

The domestic water systems on the Savannah River Site (SRS) are currently in need of upgrading to ensure compliance with the Safe Drinking Water Act and South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) Drinking Water Regulations. The SRS has 28 separate goundwater-based drinking water systems in use across the site. These aging systems were designed and constructed in the 1950s and are now facing increasing difficulties in meeting cur-rent regulations. Audits of the systems conducted by SCDHEC in 1986, 1988, 1991, and 1993 identified shortfalls in meeting the requirements for secondary maximum containment levels (MCLS) and SCDHEC design standards. Secondary MCLs are those items, such as odor or appearance, that do not pose a direct health impact. SRS has committed to SCDHEC to correct the drinking water discrepancies and construct two new consolidated inter-area drinking water systems. Upgrading the SRS drinking water systems would be necessary to support site activities regardless of the makeup or the mission at SRS. As such, the proposed upgrade and consolidation of SRS domestic water systems is treated as part of the ``No Action`` alternative for the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Reconfiguration of the Nuclear Weapons Complex .

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

State of ISRAEL Water Resources Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supply System #12;State of ISRAEL Complexity of the water distribution system · Different Sources to the main system: ground water, surface water, desalinated water · Utilization of the different sources. Water wells purification and aquifers water quality improvement. Increasing capacity of waste water

Einat, Aharonov

464

Effect of temperature on the release of intentionally and non-intentionally added substances from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles into water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles into water: Chemical analysis and potential toxicity Cristina Bach a used for the bottling of drinking water is polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Since migra- tion can

Short, Daniel

465

Explore Water Power Careers | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Water Power Careers Explore Water Power Careers America's oldest and largest source of renewable power is water. To this end, the Water Power Program, part of the Wind and Water...

466

ANALYSING THE DIVERSITY OF WATER PRICING STRUCTURES: THE CASE OF FRANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.montginoul@cemagref.fr ; Fax : (33) 4 67 63 57 95 Paper published in : Water Resour Manage (2007) 21:861­871 Author-produced resources. Simultaneously, the cost of producing drinking water rises, as water has to be transported over1 ANALYSING THE DIVERSITY OF WATER PRICING STRUCTURES: THE CASE OF FRANCE Marielle Montginoul

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

467

Efficacy of gravity-fed chlorination system for community-scale water disinfection in northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although chlorine is one of the lowest cost ways of providing disinfection, currently billions of people lack drinking water that has had this simple treatment. Arch Chemical's Pulsar 1 unit is an innovation in chlorine ...

Fitzpatrick, Daniel Cash

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Highly permeable polymeric membranes based on the incorporation of the functional water channel protein Aquaporin Z  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...also be a large step in improving the economics of desalination for drinking water applications. Desalination is becoming increasingly important for...RO is a commercial reverse-osmosis desalination membrane with data from Matsura (38...

Manish Kumar; Mariusz Grzelakowski; Julie Zilles; Mark Clark; Wolfgang Meier

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Mark L. McFarland, Associate Professor and Extension Water Resources Specialist;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

septic systems or wastewater treatment plants, and pesticides or fertilizer applied to cropland certified in Texas to analyze drinking water samples. The list is on the Web at http://www.tceq.state.tx.us

470

Traditional and Host-Associated Fecal Indicator Bacterial Patterns in Southern California Watersheds: Field Source Identification Studies and Laboratory Microcosms Investigating Presence and Persistence in Water and Sediments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of eutrophication and sediment resuspension in the largeM.J. ( 2007) Beach sand and sediments are temporal sinks andin Santa Monica Bay beach sediments. Water Research 40(14),

Mika, Kathryn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Water for Texas: Applicant Capacity Assessment Tool for the Economically Distressed Areas Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

leadership strategy that plans for the future. Management is crucial to the success of drinking water and wastewater projects as inadequate leadership, mismanagement, and/or lack of planning can stall a project. Some smaller, more rural applicants may... and treatment system) ADDITIONAL INDICATORS Does the Project Include Wastewater Construction? TWDB provides financial assistance to facilitate two types of EDAP projects: drinking water and wastewater. The data analysis conducted for this report shows...

Bennett, Jason; Dascaliuc, Svetlana; Grossman, Nick; Hunt, Michael; Kenesson, Laura; Madden, Tara; McWilliams, Austin; Scott, Whitney; Stubbs, Megan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Electrolysis of Sea Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In implementation of the hydrogen economy, the electrolysis of sea water as the source of hydrogen has been ... . Two options exist for performance of this electrolysis. The first option is to subject the water t...

L. O. Williams

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Seminar Wednesday, January 15, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEE 880 Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Seminar Wednesday, January 15, 2012 2315 GG treatment evaluating disposal options in the U. S. and Bangladesh" Arsenic contamination of drinking water threatens the health of millions of people around the world, most acutely in Bangladesh, where a massive

Kamat, Vineet R.

474

Using Niched Co-Evolution Strategies to Address Non-Uniqueness in Characterizing Sources of Contamination in a Water Distribution System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at sensors. The problem of non-uniqueness should be addressed to prevent the misidentification of a contaminant source and improve response planning. This paper aims to address the problem of non-uniqueness through the use of Niched Co-Evolution Strategies...

Drake, Kristen Leigh

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

475

New program investigates health and water link  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 24 New program investigates public health and water link Thousands of cases of waterborne and water-related diseases worldwide are related to drinking water. A new program in the Texas A&M Health Science... Center?s School of Rural Public Health is working to understand this link between diseases and water and educate the public about this connection. The Program in Public Health and Water Research was established in October 2008 within the rural...

Wythe, Kathy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Acidic ionic liquid/water solution as both medium and proton source for electrocatalytic H2 evolution by [Ni(P2N2)2]2+ complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...by passage through a water/oxygen/hydrocarbon trap S7 (Restek 22464) and an...Atlantic Microlab Inc. using V2O5 as a combustion catalyst. Electrochemical Methods...portions. After the first addition, heat was evolved and a white vapor formed...

Douglas H. Pool; Michael P. Stewart; Molly O’Hagan; Wendy J. Shaw; John A. S. Roberts; R. Morris Bullock; Daniel L. DuBois

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Acidic ionic liquid/water solution as both medium and proton source for electrocatalytic H2 evolution by [Ni(P2N2)2]2+ complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...regressions use the data shown with...water/oxygen/hydrocarbon trap S7...using V2O5 as a combustion catalyst. Electrochemical...Fc+ /Fc couple. Data from t = 0.038...first addition, heat was evolved and a...6], so only the data with [6] spanning...

Douglas H. Pool; Michael P. Stewart; Molly O’Hagan; Wendy J. Shaw; John A. S. Roberts; R. Morris Bullock; Daniel L. DuBois

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Energy storage for desalination processes powered by renewable energy and waste heat sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Desalination has become imperative as a drinking water source for many parts of the world. Due to the large quantities of thermal energy and high quality electricity requirements for water purification, the desalination industry depends on waste heat resources and renewable energy sources such as solar collectors, photovoltaic arrays, geothermal and wind and tidal energy sources. Considering the mismatch between the source supply and demand and intermittent nature of these energy resources, energy storage is a must for reliable and continuous operation of desalination facilities. Thermal energy storage (TES) requires a suitable medium for storage and circulation while the photovoltaic/wind generated electricity needs to be stored in batteries for later use. Desalination technologies that utilize thermal energy and thus require storage for uninterrupted process operation are multi-stage flash distillation (MSF), multi-effect evaporation (MED), low temperature desalination (LTD) and humidification–dehumidification (HD) and membrane distillation (MD). Energy accumulation, storage and supply are the key components of energy storage concept which improve process performance along with better resource economics, and minimum environmental impact. Similarly, the battery energy storage (BES) is essential to store electrical energy for electrodialysis (ED), reverse osmosis (RO) and mechanical vapor compression (MVC) technologies. This research-review paper provides a critical review on current energy storage options for different desalination processes powered by various renewable energy and waste heat sources with focus on thermal energy storage and battery energy storage systems. Principles of energy storage (thermal and electrical energy) are discussed with details on the design, sizing, and economics for desalination process applications.

Veera Gnaneswar Gude

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

NETL: Water-Energy Interface - Power Plant Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Internet-Based, GIS Catalog of Non-Traditional Sources of Cooling Water for Use at Coal-Fired Power Plants Internet-Based, GIS Catalog of Non-Traditional Sources of Cooling Water for Use at Coal-Fired Power Plants GIS Catalog Graphic Arthur Langhus Layne, LLC will create an internet-based, geographic information system (GIS) catalog of non-traditional sources of cooling water for coal-fired power plants. The project will develop data to identify the availability of oil and gas produced water, abandoned coal mine water, industrial waste water, and low-quality ground water. By pairing non-traditional water sources to power plant water needs, the research will allow power plants that are affected by water shortages to continue to operate at full-capacity without adversely affecting local communities or the environment. The nationwide catalog will identify the location, water withdrawal, and

480

Trends in situational norms and attitudes toward drinking among whites, blacks, and hispanics: 1984–1995  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to explore trends in situational norms and attitudes toward drinking and to assess the associations of norms and attitudes with current drinking and frequent heavy drinking patterns among whites, blacks, and hispanics between 1984 and 1995. Data were obtained from two nationwide probability samples of US households. Results indicated that there were no broad trends in situational norms and attitudes toward drinking between 1984 and 1995 among whites, blacks, and hispanics in the US. The variations in norms and attitudes detected between 1984 and 1995 were ethnic and gender-specific. For all of the groups studied, situational norms and attitudes were highly predictive of both current drinking and frequent heavy drinking patterns.

Raul Caetano; Catherine L Clark

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "drinking water source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Saving public resources: Tips for conserving energy and water in home and landscapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- scape, and capture and reuse water,? Harris said. ?We want families to learn how to use water wisely and efficiently.? For more information about water conserva- tion and rainwater harvesting, visit http://fcs. tamu... system for using the rain- water as drinking water in his home. For every 1 inch of rainfall, about 6 gallons of water are collected per square foot of roof area, he said. The main components needed to set up a rainwater harvesting system are: 1...

Supercinski, Danielle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Determination of an acceptable assimilable organic carbon (AOC) level for biological stability in water distribution systems with minimized chlorine residual  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is considerable interest in minimizing the chlorine residual in Japan because of increasing complaints about a chlorinous odor in drinking water. However, minimizing the chlorine residual causes the microbi...

Yumiko Ohkouchi; Bich Thuy Ly; Suguru Ishikawa…

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

The prevalence of environmentral colonization of Legionella in hospital water systems in Taiwan – a 20 hospital surveillance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Legionnaires’ disease is a major cause of hospital and community acquired pneumonia. Hospital-acquired Legionnaires’ disease is directly linked to the presence of Legionella in hospital drinking water. The object...

YE Lin; YJ Lin; HY Shih; YS Chen

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Energy Conservation Opportunities in Carbonated Soft Drink Canning/Bottling Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

drink plants in California are presented. Major savings identified are in process modification, lighting, refrigeration, compressed air and most importantly combined heat and power. Although each facility has it own unique features the measures... for the soft drink industry is about 31.2 billion dollars. Carbonated soft drink production is among the most energy intensive processes in food industry. Significant levels ofrefrigeration and heating are needed in the carbonation and bottling...

Ganji, A. R.; Hackett, B.; Chow, S.

485

Water quality Water quantity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

01-1 · Water quality · Water quantity · Remediation strategies MinE 422: Water Resources: Younger, Banwart and Hedin. 2002. Mine Water. Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation. Impacts of mining on water mining ­ Often the largest long term issue ­ Water quality affected, surface/ground water pollution

Boisvert, Jeff

486

Water quality Water quantity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Water quality · Water quantity · Remediation strategies MinE 422: Water Resources: Younger, Banwart and Hedin. 2002. Mine Water. Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation. Impacts of mining on water mining ­ Often the largest long term issue ­ Water quality affected, surface/ground water pollution

Boisvert, Jeff

487

2-3. Generic Approaches Towards Water Quality Monitoring Based on Paleolimnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phosphorus analysis of Lake St-Charles, the principal drinking water supply for Québec City, #12;62 R environmental records for lake and river ecosystems provide a valuable generic tool for water quality management by way of water quality research on three ecosystems in Québec, Canada. Lake St-Augustin is a small lake

Vincent, Warwick F.

488

Alternative Water Supply Options for Nitrate Contamination in California's Tulare and Salinas Groundwater Basins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fresno Council of Governments Paul Collins CDPH Division of Drinking Water and Environmental Management Water and Environmental Management Leslie Cotham Golden Living Center ­ Country View Jeannie Darby UCD County Department of Environmental Health ­ Water Program Anthony Chavarria City of Firebaugh Kathy Chung

Lund, Jay R.

489

The Project The Southern Region Water Quality Regional Coordination Project is designed to promote regional collaboration,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

issues: · Drinking Water and Human Health · Environmental Restoration · Waste Management · Nutrient to protect and restore water resources. Effective approaches for watershed management, pollution prevention and Pesticide Management · Pollution Assessment and Prevention · Watershed Management · Water Quantity

490

Abstract 5363: Genotoxicity of trace level of hexavalent chromium existing in city water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of hexavalent chromium existing in city water Xu Tian Keyur Patel John R. Ridpath James...chromium (Cr(VI)) through drinking city water every day. According to the studies conducted...Environmental Working Group, 89% of the water samples from U.S. cities are contaminated...

Xu Tian; Keyur Patel; John R. Ridpath; James A. Swenberg; Jun Nakamura

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Love That Dirty Water (It Can Power Your Home) by Susan Kruglinski  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to produce electricity and clean water in undeveloped areas, Logan notes that sanitizing wastewater usuallyLove That Dirty Water (It Can Power Your Home) by Susan Kruglinski published online September 30, 2004 A quarter of the people in the world still drink filthy water and live miles from electrical power

492

Characterization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) used in commercial bottled water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) used in commercial bottled water Cristina Bach1 into drinking water packaged in poly(ethylene terephtalate) bottles and to know the origin of these substances of molecules inside the polymer, it means the pollution of the bottled water. 1. Introduction Poly(ethylene

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

493

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics ; Engineering 10 brainfunction How Much Alcohol Summary: alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking individuals Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

higher blood alcohol levels than heavier individuals, and are at higher risk... alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

495

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking behaviors Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics ; Materials Science 3 brainfunction How Much Alcohol Summary: alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

496

An Examination of Parents' Influence Strategies on College Students' Dangerous Drinking.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Dangerous drinking on college campuses is a significant public health issue. Over the last decade, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the… (more)

Menegatos, Lisa Marie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Baseline risk assessment of ground water contamination at the Monument Valley uranium mill tailings site Cane Valley, Arizona  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project consists of the Surface Project (Phase I) and the Ground Water Project (Phase II). Under the UMTRA Surface Project, tailings, radioactive contaminated soil, equipment, and materials associated with the former uranium ore processing at UMTRA Project sites are placed into disposal cells. The cells are designed to reduce radon and other radiation emissions and to minimize further contamination of ground water. Surface cleanup at the Monument Valley UMTRA Project site near Cane Valley, Arizona, was completed in 1994. The Ground Water Project evaluates the nature and extent of ground water contamination that resulted from the uranium ore processing activities. The Ground Water Project is in its beginning stages. Human health may be at risk from exposure to ground water contaminated by uranium ore processing. Exposure could occur by drinking water pumped out of a hypothetical well drilled in the contaminated areas. Adverse ecological and agricultural effects may also result from exposure to contaminated ground water. For example, livestock should not be watered with contaminated ground water. A risk assessment describes a source of contamination, how that contamination reaches people and the environment, the amount of contamination to which people or the ecological environment may be exposed, and the health or ecological effects that could result from that exposure. This risk assessment is a site-specific document that will be used to evaluate current and potential future impacts to the public and the environment from exposure to contaminated ground water. The results of this evaluation and further site investigations will be used to determine a compliance strategy to comply with the UMTRA ground water standards.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

A Changing Framework for Urban Water Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

? Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States ... Although many challenges remain with regard to environmental impacts, desalination is now considered a viable option for urban water supply, particularly in situations where either climate change or short-term events (e.g., catastrophic floods) compromise water quantity and quality. ... Stormwater harvesting couples flood control and urban runoff management with urban water supply by capturing runoff and recharging it to drinking water aquifers or by reusing stormwater for nonpotable uses. ...

Janet G. Hering; T. David Waite; Richard G. Luthy; Jörg E. Drewes; David L. Sedlak

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

499

California GAMA Special Study: An isotopic and dissolved gas investigation of nitrate source and transport to a public supply well in California's Central Valley  

SciTech Connect

This study investigates nitrate contamination of a deep municipal drinking water production well in Ripon, CA to demonstrate the utility of natural groundwater tracers in constraining the sources and transport of nitrate to deep aquifers in the Central Valley. The goal of the study was to investigate the origin (source) of elevated nitrate and the potential for the deep aquifer to attenuate anthropogenic nitrate. The site is ideal for such an investigation. The production well is screened from 165-325 feet below ground surface and a number of nearby shallow and deep monitoring wells were available for sampling. Furthermore, potential sources of nitrate contamination to the well had been identified, including a fertilizer supply plant located approximately 1000 feet to the east and local almond groves. A variety of natural isotopic and dissolved gas tracers including {sup 3}H-{sup 3}He groundwater age and the isotopic composition of nitrate are applied to identify nitrate sources and to characterize nitrate transport. An advanced method for sampling production wells is employed to help identify contaminant contributions from specific screen intervals. Nitrate transport: Groundwater nitrate at this field site is not being actively denitrified. Groundwater parameters indicate oxic conditions, the dissolved gas data shows no evidence for excess nitrogen as the result of denitrification, and nitrate-N and -O isotope compositions do not display patterns typical of denitrification. Contaminant nitrate source: The ambient nitrate concentration in shallow groundwater at the Ripon site ({approx}12 mg/L as nitrate) is typical of shallow groundwaters affected by recharge from agricultural and urban areas. Nitrate concentrations in Ripon City Well 12 (50-58 mg/L as nitrate) are significantly higher than these ambient concentrations, indicating an additional source of anthropogenic nitrate is affecting groundwater in the capture zone of this municipal drinking water well. This study provides two new pieces of evidence that the Ripon Farm Services Plant is the source of elevated nitrate in Ripon City Well 12. (1) Chemical mass balance calculations using nitrate concentration, nitrate isotopic composition, and initial tritium activity all indicate that that the source water for elevated nitrate to Ripon City Well 12 is a very small component of the water produced by City Well 12 and thus must have extremely high nitrate concentration. The high source water nitrate concentration ({approx}1500 mg/L as nitrate) required by these mass balance calculations precludes common sources of nitrate such as irrigated agriculture, dairy wastewater, and septic discharge. Shallow groundwater under the Ripon Farm Services RFS plant does contain extremely high concentrations of nitrate (>1700 mg/L as nitrate). (2) Nitrogen and oxygen isotope compositions of nitrate indicate that the additional anthropogenic nitrate source to Ripon City Well 12 is significantly enriched in {delta}{sup 18}O-NO{sub 3}, an isotopic signature consistent with synthetic nitrate fertilizer, and not with human or animal wastewater discharge (i.e. dairy operations, septic system discharge, or municipal wastewater discharge), or with organic fertilizer. Monitoring wells on and near the RFS plant also have high {delta}{sup 18}O-NO{sub 3}, and the plant has handled and stored synthetic nitrate fertilizer that will have this isotopic signature. The results described here highlight the complexity of attributing nitrate found in long screened, high capacity wells to specific sources. In this case, the presence of a very high concentration source near the well site combined with sampling using multiple isotopic tracer techniques and specialized depth-specific techniques allowed fingerprinting of the source in the mixed-age samples drawn from the production well.

Singleton, M J; Moran, J E; Esser, B K; Roberts, S K; Hillegonds, D J

2010-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

500

NETL: Water-Energy Interface - Power Plant Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermoelectric Power Plant Water Demands Using Alternative Water Supplies: Thermoelectric Power Plant Water Demands Using Alternative Water Supplies: Power Demand Options in Regions of Water Stress and Future Carbon Management Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is conducting a regional modeling assessment of non-traditional water sources for use in thermoelectric power plants. The assessment includes the development of a model to characterize water quantity and quality from several sources of non-traditional water, initially focused within the Southeastern United States. The project includes four primary tasks: (1) identify water sources, needs, and treatment options; (2) assess and model non-traditional water quantity and quality; (3) identify and characterize water treatment options including an assessment of cost; and (4) develop a framework of metrics, processes, and modeling aspects that can be applied to other regions of the United States.