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1

Supplement to the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On May 22, 1997, DOE published a Notice of Intent in the Federal Register (62 Federal Register 28009) announcing its decision to prepare an environmental impact statement (EIS) that would tier from the analysis and decisions reached in connection with the ''Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials Final Programmatic EIS (Storage and Disposition PEIS)''. ''The Surplus Plutonium Disposition Draft Environmental Impact Statement'' (SPD Draft EIS) (DOWEIS-0283-D) was prepared in accordance with NEPA and issued in July 1998. It identified the potential environmental impacts of reasonable alternatives for the proposed siting, construction, and operation of three facilities for plutonium disposition. These three facilities would accomplish pit disassembly and conversion, immobilization, and MOX fuel fabrication. For the alternatives that included MOX fuel fabrication, the draft also described the potential environmental impacts of using from three to eight commercial nuclear reactors to irradiate MOX fuel. The potential impacts were based on a generic reactor analysis that used actual reactor data and a range of potential site conditions. In May 1998, DCE initiated a procurement process to obtain MOX fuel fabrication and reactor irradiation services. The request for proposals defined limited activities that may be performed prior to issuance of the SPD EIS Record of Decision (ROD) including non-site-specific work associated with the development of the initial design for the MOX fuel fabrication facility, and plans (paper studies) for outreach, long lead-time procurements, regulatory management, facility quality assurance, safeguards, security, fuel qualification, and deactivation. No construction on the proposed MOX facility would begin before an SPD EIS ROD is issued. In March 1999, DOE awarded a contract to Duke Engineering & Services; COGEMA, Inc.; and Stone & Webster (known as DCS) to provide the requested services. The procurement process included the environmental review specified in DOE's NEPA regulations in 10 CFR 1021.216. The six reactors selected are Catawba Nuclear Station Units 1 and 2 in South Carolina McGuire Nuclear Station Units 1 and 2 in North Carolina, and North Anna Power Station Units 1 and 2 in Virginia. The Supplement describes the potential environmental impacts of using MOX fuel in these six specific reactors named in the DCS proposal as well as other program changes made since the SPD Draft EIS was published.

N /A

1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

2

EIS-0283DS Supplement to the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Draft Environmental Impact Statement, April 1999  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sheet Sheet Responsible Agency: United States Department of Energy (DOE) Title: Supplement to the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Draft Environmental Impact Statement (Supplement) (DOE/EIS-0283-DS) Locations of Candidate Sites: Idaho, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, and Washington Contacts: For further information on the Supplement contact: For further information on the DOE National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process contact: Mr. G. Bert Stevenson, NEPA Compliance Officer Office of Fissile Materials Disposition U.S. Department of Energy P.O. Box 23786 Washington, DC 20026-3786 Voice: (202) 586-5368 Ms. Carol Borgstrom, Director Office of NEPA Policy and Assistance Office of Environment, Safety and Health U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW

3

Consolidation of Surplus Plutonium at Savannah River Site | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Management Nuclear Materials & Waste Consolidation of Surplus Plutonium at Savannah River Site Consolidation of Surplus Plutonium at Savannah River Site Waste...

4

EIS-0283: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS analyzes the potential environmental impacts associated with alternatives for the disposition of surplus plutonium.

5

EIS-0283-S1: Supplement to the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Environmental  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-S1: Supplement to the Surplus Plutonium Disposition 3-S1: Supplement to the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0283-S1: Supplement to the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Environmental Impact Statement SUMMARY The Supplement evaluates the potential environmental impacts of using MOX fuel in these six specific reactors named in the DCS proposal as well as other program changes made since the SPD Draft EIS was published. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD November 5, 1999 EIS-0236-S1: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement National Ignition Facility Draft Environmental Impact Statement to the Stockpile Stewardship and Management November 5, 1999 EIS-0236-S1: Notice of Availability for the Draft Supplemental Programmatic

6

CHARACTERIZATION OF SURPLUS PLUTONIUM FOR DISPOSITION OPTIONS  

SciTech Connect

The United States (U.S.) has identified 61.5 metric tons (MT) of plutonium that is permanently excess to use in nuclear weapons programs, including 47.2 MT of weapons-grade plutonium. Except for materials that remain in use for programs outside of national defense, including programs for nuclear-energy development, the surplus inventories will be stored safely by the Department of Energy (DOE) and then transferred to facilities that will prepare the plutonium for permanent disposition. Some items will be disposed as transuranic waste, low-level waste, or spent fuel. The remaining surplus plutonium will be managed through: (1) the Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility (FFF), to be constructed at the Savannah River Site (SRS), where the plutonium will be converted to fuel that will be irradiated in civilian power reactors and later disposed to a high-level waste (HLW) repository as spent fuel; (2) the SRS H-Area facilities, by dissolving and transfer to HLW systems, also for disposal to the repository; or (3) alternative immobilization techniques that would provide durable and secure disposal. From the beginning of the U.S. program for surplus plutonium disposition, DOE has sponsored research to characterize the surplus materials and to judge their suitability for planned disposition options. Because many of the items are stored without extensive analyses of their current chemical content, the characterization involves three interacting components: laboratory sample analysis, if available; non-destructive assay data; and rigorous evaluation of records for the processing history for items and inventory groups. This information is collected from subject-matter experts at inventory sites and from materials stabilization and surveillance programs, in cooperation with the design agencies for the disposition facilities. This report describes the operation and status of the characterization program.

Allender, J; Edwin Moore, E; Scott Davies, S

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Surplus Plutonium Disposition (SPD) Environmental Data Summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides an overview of existing environmental and ecological information at areas identified as potential locations of the Savannah River Site's (SRS) Surplus Plutonium Disposition (SPD) facilities. This information is required to document existing environmental and baseline conditions from which SPD construction and operation impacts can be defined. It will be used in developing the required preoperational monitoring plan to be used at specific SPD facilities construction sites.

Fledderman, P.D.

2000-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

8

Department of Energy Announces Decision to Consolidate Surplus Plutonium in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decision to Consolidate Surplus Decision to Consolidate Surplus Plutonium in South Carolina Department of Energy Announces Decision to Consolidate Surplus Plutonium in South Carolina September 5, 2007 - 3:16pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced its decision to consolidate surplus, non-pit plutonium at its Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina, greatly reducing storage costs and significantly enhancing security across the nation's weapons complex. DOE will begin shipping the surplus, non-pit plutonium no sooner than 30 days from today and under the plan this surplus plutonium is expected to be shipped to SRS by 2010. "Consolidation is a key part of the Department's efforts to properly manage surplus plutonium and follows our dedication to non-proliferation,

9

Department of Energy Announces Decision to Consolidate Surplus Plutonium in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Announces Decision to Consolidate Surplus Department of Energy Announces Decision to Consolidate Surplus Plutonium in South Carolina Department of Energy Announces Decision to Consolidate Surplus Plutonium in South Carolina September 5, 2007 - 3:16pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced its decision to consolidate surplus, non-pit plutonium at its Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina, greatly reducing storage costs and significantly enhancing security across the nation's weapons complex. DOE will begin shipping the surplus, non-pit plutonium no sooner than 30 days from today and under the plan this surplus plutonium is expected to be shipped to SRS by 2010. "Consolidation is a key part of the Department's efforts to properly manage surplus plutonium and follows our dedication to non-proliferation,

10

ESTIMATING IMPURITIES IN SURPLUS PLUTONIUM FOR DISPOSITION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States holds at least 61.5 metric tons (MT) of plutonium that is permanently excess to use in nuclear weapons programs, including 47.2 MT of weapons-grade plutonium. Surplus inventories will be stored safely by the Department of Energy (DOE) and then transferred to facilities that will prepare the plutonium for permanent disposition. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) operates a Feed Characterization program for the Office of Fissile Materials Disposition of the National Nuclear Security Administration and the DOE Office of Environmental Management. Many of the items that require disposition are only partially characterized, and SRNL uses a variety of techniques to predict the isotopic and chemical properties that are important for processing through the Mixed Oxide Fuel Fabrication Facility and alternative disposition paths. Recent advances in laboratory tools, including Prompt Gamma Analysis and Peroxide Fusion treatment, provide data on the existing inventories that will enable disposition without additional, costly sampling and destructive analysis.

Allender, J.; Moore, E.

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

11

EIS-0283-S2: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-S2: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental 3-S2: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0283-S2: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Summary This EIS analyzes the potential environmental impacts associated with changes to the surplus plutonium disposition program, including changes to the inventory of surplus plutonium and proposed new alternatives. The original EIS is available here. For more information, see: www.nnsa.energy.gov/nepa/spdsupplementaleis Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download April 25, 2013 EIS-0283-S2: Interim Action Determination Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (K-Area Materials Storage (KAMS) Area Expansion at the Savannah River Site)

12

TRACKING SURPLUS PLUTONIUM FROM WEAPONS TO DISPOSITION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Supporting nuclear nonproliferation and global security principles, beginning in 1994 the United States has withdrawn more than 50 metric tons (MT) of government-controlled plutonium from potential use in nuclear weapons. The Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration, established protocols for the tracking of this "excess" and "surplus" plutonium, and for reconciling the current storage and utilization of the plutonium to show that its management is consistent with the withdrawal policies. Programs are underway to ensure the safe and secure disposition of the materials that formed a major part of the weapons stockpile during the Cold War, and growing quantities have been disposed as waste, after which they are not included in traditional nuclear material control and accountability (NMC&A) data systems. A combination of resources is used to perform the reconciliations that form the basis for annual reporting to DOE, to U.S. Department of State, and to international partners including the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Allender, J.; Beams, J.; Sanders, K.; Myers, L.

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

13

Draft Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

River Operations Office, Aiken, South Carolina, June 26. DOENNSA (U.S. Department of EnergyNational Nuclear Safety Administration), 2008, Supplement Analysis for the Final...

14

Draft Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

DOE could decide, based on programmatic, engineering, facility safety, cost, and schedule information, and on the environmental impact analysis in this SPD Supplemental EIS, which...

15

Draft Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Authority U.S.C. United States Code USGS U.S. Geological Survey VRM Visual Resource Management WIPP Waste Isolation Pilot Plant WSB Waste Solidification Building Y-12 Y-12...

16

SELECTION OF SURPLUS PLUTONIUM MATERIALS FOR DISPOSITION TO WIPP  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing a Surplus Plutonium Disposition (SPD) Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS). Included in the evaluation are up to 6 metric tons (MT) of plutonium in the form of impure oxides and metals for which a disposition plan has not been decided, among options that include preparation as feed for the Mixed Oxide Fuel Fabrication Facility; disposing to high-level waste through the Savannah River Site (SRS) HB Line and H Canyon; can-in-canister disposal using the SRS Defense Waste Processing Facility; and preparation for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). DOE and SRS have identified at least 0.5 MT of plutonium that, because of high levels of chemical and isotopic impurities, is impractical for disposition by methods other than the WIPP pathway. Characteristics of these items and the disposition strategy are discussed.

Allender, J.; Mcclard, J.; Christopher, J.

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

17

Site Selection for Surplus Plutonium Disposition Facilities at the Savannah River Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to identify, assess, and rank potential sites for the proposed Surplus Plutonium Disposition Facilities complex at the Savannah River Site.

Wike, L.D.

2000-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

18

LLNL MOX fuel lead assemblies data report for the surplus plutonium disposition environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to support the US Department of Energy (DOE) Fissile Materials Disposition Program`s preparation of the draft surplus plutonium disposition environmental impact statement. This is one of several responses to data call requests for background information on activities associated with the operation of the lead assembly (LA) mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication facility. The DOE Office of Fissile Materials Disposition (DOE-MD) has developed a dual-path strategy for disposition of surplus weapons-grade plutonium. One of the paths is to disposition surplus plutonium through irradiation of MOX fuel in commercial nuclear reactors. MOX fuel consists of plutonium and uranium oxides (PuO{sub 2} and UO{sub 2}), typically containing 95% or more UO{sub 2}. DOE-MD requested that the DOE Site Operations Offices nominate DOE sites that meet established minimum requirements that could produce MOX LAs. LLNL has proposed an LA MOX fuel fabrication approach that would be done entirely inside an S and S Category 1 area. This includes receipt and storage of PuO{sub 2} powder, fabrication of MOX fuel pellets, assembly of fuel rods and bundles, and shipping of the packaged fuel to a commercial reactor site. Support activities will take place within a Category 1 area. Building 332 will be used to receive and store the bulk PuO{sub 2} powder, fabricate MOX fuel pellets, and assemble fuel rods. Building 334 will be used to assemble, store, and ship fuel bundles. Only minor modifications would be required of Building 332. Uncontaminated glove boxes would need to be removed, petition walls would need to be removed, and minor modifications to the ventilation system would be required.

O`Connor, D.G.; Fisher, S.E.; Holdaway, R. [and others

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

EIS-0283-S2: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS analyzes the potential environmental impacts associated with changes to the surplus plutonium disposition program, including changes to the inventory of surplus plutonium and proposed new alternatives. The original EIS is available at http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0283-final-environmental-impact-sta....

20

Performance assessment of DOE spent nuclear fuel and surplus plutonium  

SciTech Connect

Yucca Mountain, in southern Nevada, is under consideration by the US Department of Energy (DOE) as a potential site for the disposal of the nation`s radioactive wastes in a geologic repository. The wastes consist of commercial spent fuel, DOE spent nuclear fuel (SNF), high level waste (HLW), and surplus plutonium. The DOE was mandated by Congress in the fiscal 1997 Energy and Water Appropriations Act to complete a viability assessment (VA) of the repository in September of 1998. The assessment consists of a preliminary design concept for the critical elements of the repository, a total system performance assessment (TSPA), a plan and cost estimate for completion of the license application, and an estimate of the cost to construct and operate the repository. This paper presents the results of the sensitivity analyses that were conducted to examine the behavior of DOE SNF and plutonium waste forms in the environment of the base case repository that was modeled for the TSPA-VA. Fifteen categories of DOE SNF and two Plutonium waste forms were examined and their contribution to radiation dose to humans was evaluated.

Duguid, J.O.; Vallikat, V.; McNeish, J.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

EIS-0283: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0283: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Surplus Plutonium Disposition Draft Environmental Impact Statement This EIS evaluates the potential...

22

ANL-W MOX fuel lead assemblies data report for the surplus plutonium disposition environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to support the US Department of Energy (DOE) Fissile Materials Disposition Program`s preparation of the draft surplus plutonium disposition environmental impact statement (EIS). This is one of several responses to data call requests for background information on activities associated with the operation of the lead assembly (LA) mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication facility. The DOE Office of fissile Materials Disposition (DOE-MD) has developed a dual-path strategy for disposition of surplus weapons-grade plutonium. One of the paths is to disposition surplus plutonium through irradiation of MOX fuel in commercial nuclear reactors. MOX fuel consists of plutonium and uranium oxides (PuO{sub 2} and UO{sub 2}), typically containing 95% or more UO{sub 2}. DOE-MD requested that the DOE Site Operations Offices nominate DOE sites that meet established minimum requirements that could produce MOX LAs. The paper describes the following: Site map and the LA facility; process descriptions; resource needs; employment requirements; wastes, emissions, and exposures; accident analysis; transportation; qualitative decontamination and decommissioning; post-irradiation examination; LA fuel bundle fabrication; LA EIS data report assumptions; and LA EIS data report supplement.

O`Connor, D.G.; Fisher, S.E.; Holdaway, R. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Utilization of Surplus Weapons Plutonium As Mixed Oxide Fuel Background Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with worldwide stockpiles of plutonium, both civil and military. The 1995 position statement included an endorsement of the use of reactor irradiation for disposition of surplus U.S. and Russian weapons

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Utilization of Surplus Weapons Plutonium As Mixed Oxide Fuel Position Statement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The American Nuclear Society (ANS) endorses the rapid application of mixed uraniumplutonium oxide (MOX) fuel technology to accomplish the timely disposition of surplus weapons-grade plutonium. The end of the Cold War has led to universal recognition that both the United States and Russia possess stockpiles of weapons-grade plutonium that far exceed their defense requirements. In 1994 the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) stated the following: “The existence of this material [surplus weapons-usable plutonium and highly enriched uranium] constitutes a clear and present danger to national and international security. 1 ” Russia and the United States have held extensive discussions on plutonium disposition, culminating in a September 2000 agreement 2 to dispose of 34 metric tons of surplus weaponsgrade plutonium in each country. The U.S. Department of Energy has completed two major Environmental Impact Statements on surplus plutonium disposition. 3,4 Implementation of the associated Records of Decision 5,6 has resulted in an ongoing program to dispose of surplus U.S. weapons-grade plutonium by fabricating the material into MOX fuel and using the fuel in commercial nuclear reactors. As with the blend-down of highly enriched uranium, a

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Safety issues in fabricating mixed oxide fuel using surplus weapons plutonium  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an assessment of the safety issues and implications of fabricating mixed oxide (MOX) fuel using surplus weapons plutonium. The basis for this assessment is the research done at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in identifying and resolving the technical issues surrounding the production of PuO{sub 2} feed, removal of gallium from the PuO{sub 2} feed, the fabrication of test fuel, and the work done at the LANL plutonium processing facility. The use of plutonium in MOX fuel has been successfully demonstrated in Europe, where the experience has been almost exclusively with plutonium separated from commercial spent nuclear fuel. This experience in safely operating MOX fuel fabrication facilities directly applies to the fabrication and irradiation of MOX fuel made from surplus weapons plutonium. Consequently, this paper focuses on the technical difference between plutonium from surplus weapons, and light-water reactor recycled plutonium. Preliminary assessments and research lead to the conclusion that no new process or product safety concerns will arise from using surplus weapons plutonium in MOX fuel.

Buksa, J.; Badwan, F.; Barr, M.; Motley, F.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

LANL MOX fuel lead assemblies data report for the surplus plutonium disposition environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to support the US Department of Energy (DOE) Fissile Materials Disposition Program`s preparation of the draft surplus plutonium disposition environmental impact statement. This is one of several responses to data call requests for background information on activities associated with the operation of the lead assembly (LA) mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication facility. LANL has proposed an LA MOX fuel fabrication approach that would be done entirely inside an S and S Category 1 area. This includes receipt and storage of PuO{sub 2} powder, fabrication of MOX fuel pellets, assembly of fuel rods and bundles, and shipping of the packaged fuel to a commercial reactor site. Support activities will take place within both Category 1 and 2 areas. Technical Area (TA) 55/Plutonium Facility 4 will be used to store the bulk PuO{sub 2} powder, fabricate MOX fuel pellets, assemble rods, and store fuel bundles. Bundles will be assembled at a separate facility, several of which have been identified as suitable for that activity. The Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building (at TA-3) will be used for analytical chemistry support. Waste operations will be conducted in TA-50 and TA-54. Only very minor modifications will be needed to accommodate the LA program. These modifications consist mostly of minor equipment upgrades. A commercial reactor operator has not been identified for the LA irradiation. Postirradiation examination (PIE) of the irradiated fuel will take place at either Oak Ridge National Laboratory or ANL-W. The only modifications required at either PIE site would be to accommodate full-length irradiated fuel rods. Results from this program are critical to the overall plutonium distribution schedule.

Fisher, S.E.; Holdaway, R.; Ludwig, S.B. [and others

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Plutonium destruction in a non-fertile, ZrO{sub 2}-based fuel: A reactor option for disposition of surplus plutonium  

SciTech Connect

The United States and Russia are assessing options for disposition of surplus weapon-grade plutonium. This paper reviews the options under consideration by the US Department of Energy and suggests an additional option that fits within the framework of the environmental analysis provided in the draft PEIS (Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement). In addition to the burning of Pu in mixed U-Pu oxide fuel, we recommend consideration of a non-fertile fuel based on zirconia with inclusion of rare earth elements for phase stabilization and control of reactivity. The zirconia based fuel could also be used to burn plutonium generated in commercial reactor fuels, which represent a larger inventory of plutonium than the weapon-grade material. The increasing inventories of civilian plutonium potentially represent a larger threat with respect to diversion weapons usable material than the stocks of weapon-grade material considered for disposition by the US and Russia. We discuss the use of zirconia-based fuel and pyrochemical processing of spent commercial reactor fuels as a means of decreasing world-wide plutonium inventories. The experience gained in burning weapon-grade plutonium in the new non-fertile fuel would shorten the time required to gain acceptance of the fuel for commercial reactor use.

Oversby, V.M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); McPheeters, C.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

134 Process Development for the Immobilisation of Surplus Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using cerium as a plutonium surrogate, a systematic study of processing conditions has ... 001 A Tem Study of Cobalt-Base Alloy Prototypes with Controlled ...

29

A Multiattribute Utility Analysis of Alternatives for the Disposition of Surplus Weapons-Grade Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an application of multiattribute utility theory to support the selection of a technology for the disposition of surplus weapons-grade plutonium by the Department of Energy (DOE). This analysis evaluated 13 alternatives, examined ... Keywords: Utility/preference, applications, multiattribute

James S. Dyer; Thomas Edmunds; John C. Butler; Jianmin Jia

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Fuel qualification issues and strategies for reactor-based surplus plutonium disposition  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) has proposed irradiation of mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel in existing commercial reactors as a disposition method for surplus plutonium from the weapons program. The burning of MOX fuel in reactors is supported by an extensive technology base; however, the infrastructure required to implement reactor-based plutonium disposition does not exist domestically. This report identifies and examines the actions required to qualify and license weapons-grade (WG) plutonium-based MOX fuels for use in domestic commercial light-water reactors (LWRs).

Cowell, B.S.; Copeland, G.L.; Moses, D.L.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Hanford MOX fuel lead assemblies data report for the surplus plutonium disposition environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to support the US Department of Energy (DOE) Fissile Materials Disposition Program`s preparation of the draft surplus plutonium disposition environmental impact statement. This is one of several responses to data call requests for background information on activities associated with the operation of the lead assembly (LA) mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication facility. DOE-MD requested that the DOE Site Operations Offices nominate DOE sites that meet established minimum requirements that could produce MOX LAs. Six initial site combinations were proposed: (1) Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W) with support from Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), (2) Hanford, (3) Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) with support from Pantex, (4) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), (5) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), and (6) Savannah River Site (SRS). After further analysis by the sites and DOE-MD, five site combinations were established as possible candidates for producing MOX LAs: (1) ANL-W with support from INEEL, (2) Hanford, (3) LANL, (4) LLNL, and (5) SRS. Hanford has proposed an LA MOX fuel fabrication approach that would be done entirely inside an S and S Category 1 area. An alternate approach would allow fabrication of fuel pellets and assembly of fuel rods in an S and S Category 1 facility. In all, a total of three LA MOX fuel fabrication options were identified by Hanford that could accommodate the program. In every case, only minor modification would be required to ready any of the facilities to accept the equipment necessary to accomplish the LA program.

O`Connor, D.G.; Fisher, S.E.; Holdaway, R. [and others

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

DOE/EIS-0283; Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (11/1999)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 of 5 3 of 5 Volume II Final Environmental Impact Statement November 1999 DOE/EIS-0283 Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement Volume II United States Department of Energy Office of Fissile Materials Disposition November 1999 Cover Sheet Responsible Agency: United States Department of Energy (DOE) Title: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (SPD EIS) (DOE/EIS-0283) Locations of Candidate Sites: California, Idaho, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Washington Contacts: For further information on the SPD Final EIS contact: For information on the DOE National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process contact: Mr. G. Bert Stevenson, NEPA Compliance Officer Ms. Carol Borgstrom, Director Office of Fissile Materials Disposition

33

DOE/EIS-0283; Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (11/1999)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 of 5 2 of 5 Volume I - Part B Final Environmental Impact Statement November 1999 DOE/EIS-0283 Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement Volume I - Part B United States Department of Energy Office of Fissile Materials Disposition November 1999 Cover Sheet Responsible Agency: United States Department of Energy (DOE) Title: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (SPD EIS) (DOE/EIS-0283) Locations of Candidate Sites: California, Idaho, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Washington Contacts: For further information on the SPD Final EIS contact: For information on the DOE National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process contact: Mr. G. Bert Stevenson, NEPA Compliance Officer Ms. Carol Borgstrom, Director

34

DOE/EIS-0283; Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (11/1999)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summary Final Environmental Impact Statement November 1999 Summary DOE/EIS-0283 Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement Summary United States Department of Energy Office of Fissile Materials Disposition November 1999 Summary i Table of Contents S.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S-1 Purpose of and Need for the Proposed Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S-3 Issues Identified During the Scoping Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S-4 Issues Already Intended for Inclusion in the SPD EIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S-4 Additional Issues That Need to Be Addressed in the SPD EIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S-5 Issues That Need to Be or Are Already Addressed Elsewhere . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35

Site Selection for Surplus Plutonium Disposition Facilities at the Savannah River Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A site selection study was conducted to evaluate locations for the proposed Surplus Plutonium Disposition Facilities. Facilities to be located include the Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility, the Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility (PDCF), and the Plutonium Immobilization Project (PIP) facility. Objectives of the study include: (1) Confirm that the Department of Energy (DOE) selected locations for the MOX and PDCF were suitable based on selected siting criteria, (2) Recommend a site in the vicinity of F Area that is suitable for the PIP, and (3) Identify alternative suitable sites for one or more of these facilities in the event that further geotechnical characterization or other considerations result in disqualification of a currently proposed site.

Wike, L.D.

2000-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

36

DOE/EIS-0283; Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (11/1999)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 of 5 4 of 5 Final Environmental Impact Statement November 1999 Comment Response Document Volume III - Part A Cover Sheet Responsible Agency: United States Department of Energy (DOE) Title: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (SPD EIS) (DOE/EIS-0283) Locations of Candidate Sites: California, Idaho, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Washington Contacts: For further information on the SPD Final EIS contact: For information on the DOE National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process contact: Mr. G. Bert Stevenson, NEPA Compliance Officer Ms. Carol Borgstrom, Director Office of Fissile Materials Disposition Office of NEPA Policy and Assistance U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health

37

DOE/EIS-0283; Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (11/1999)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 of 5 5 of 5 Final Environmental Impact Statement November 1999 Comment Response Document Volume III - Part B Cover Sheet Responsible Agency: United States Department of Energy (DOE) Title: Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (SPD EIS) (DOE/EIS-0283) Locations of Candidate Sites: California, Idaho, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Washington Contacts: For further information on the SPD Final EIS contact: For information on the DOE National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process contact: Mr. G. Bert Stevenson, NEPA Compliance Officer Ms. Carol Borgstrom, Director Office of Fissile Materials Disposition Office of NEPA Policy and Assistance U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health

38

A Proposed Methodology For The Analysis And Selection Of Alternatives For The Disposition Of Surplus Plutonium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Proposed Methodology for the Analysis and Selection of Alternatives for the Disposition of Surplus Plutonium The nuclear states are currently involved in the development of comprehensive approaches to the long-term storage and management of fissile materials. A major objective of this effort is to provide a framework for prevention of the proliferation of nuclear weapons. The evaluation should include non-proliferation, economic, technical, institutional, schedule, environmental, and health and safety issues. The ANRCP has proposed that an evaluation of alternatives be guided by the principles of decision analysis, a logical and formal approach to the solution of complicated problems that are too complex to solve informally. This approach would consist of four steps: 1) identification of alternatives and objectives, 2) estimation of the performance of the alternatives with respect to the objectives, 3) development of values and weights for the objectives, and 4) evaluation of ...

James S. Dyer; James S; John C. Butler; Jianmin Jia; Thomas Edmunds

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

A Methodology for the Analysis and Selection of Alternative for the Disposition of Surplus Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) - Office of Fissile Materials Disposition (OFMD) has announced a Record of Decision (ROD) selecting alternatives for disposition of surplus plutonium. A major objective of this decision was to further U.S. efforts to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Other concerns that were addressed include economic, technical, institutional, schedule, environmental, and health and safety issues. The technical, environmental, and nonproliferation analyses supporting the ROD are documented in three DOE reports [DOE-TSR 96, DOE-PEIS 96, and DOE-NN 97, respectively]. At the request of OFMD, a team of analysts from the Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium (ANRCP) provided an independent evaluation of the alternatives for plutonium that were considered during the evaluation effort. This report outlines the methodology used by the ANRCP team. This methodology, referred to as multiattribute utility theory (MAU), provides a structure for assembling results of detailed technical, economic, schedule, environment, and nonproliferation analyses for OFMD, DOE policy makers, other stakeholders, and the general public in a systematic way. The MAU methodology has been supported for use in similar situations by the National Research Council, an agency of the National Academy of Sciences.1 It is important to emphasize that the MAU process does not lead to a computerized model that actually determines the decision for a complex problem. MAU is a management tool that is one component, albeit a key component, of a decision process. We subscribe to the philosophy that the result of using models should be insights, not numbers. The MAU approach consists of four steps: (1) identification of alternatives, objectives, and performance measures, (2) estimation of the performance of the alternatives with respect to the objectives, (3) development of value functions and weights for the objectives, and (4) evaluation of the alternatives and sensitivity analysis. These steps are described below.

NONE

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

40

The U.S.-Russian joint studies on using power reactors to disposition surplus weapon plutonium as spent fuel  

SciTech Connect

In 1996, the US and the Russian Federation completed an initial joint study of the candidate options for the disposition of surplus weapons plutonium in both countries. The options included long term storage, immobilization of the plutonium in glass or ceramic for geologic disposal, and the conversion of weapons plutonium to spent fuel in power reactors. For the latter option, the US is only considering the use of existing light water reactors (LWRs) with no new reactor construction for plutonium disposition, or the use of Canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) heavy water reactors. While Russia advocates building new reactors, the cost is high, and the continuing joint study of the Russian options is considering only the use of existing VVER-1000 LWRs in Russia and possibly Ukraine, the existing BN-60O fast neutron reactor at the Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant in Russia, or the use of the Canadian CANDU reactors. Six of the seven existing VVER-1000 reactors in Russia and the eleven VVER-1000 reactors in Ukraine are all of recent vintage and can be converted to use partial MOX cores. These existing VVER-1000 reactors are capable of converting almost 300 kg of surplus weapons plutonium to spent fuel each year with minimum nuclear power plant modifications. Higher core loads may be achievable in future years.

Chebeskov, A.; Kalashnikov, A. [State Scientific Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation). Inst. of Physics and Power Engineering; Bevard, B.; Moses, D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Pavlovichev, A. [State Scientific Center, Moscow (Russian Federation). Kurchatov Inst.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

EIS-0283-S2: Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0283-S2: Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Surplus Plutonium Disposition This Draft SEIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of alternatives for disposition of 13.1 metric tons (14.4 tons) of surplus plutonium for which DOE has not made a disposition decision, including 7.1 metric tons (7.8 tons) of plutonium from pits that were declared excess to national defense needs after publication of the 2007 notice of intent for this SEIS, and 6.0 metric tons (6.6 tons) of surplus non-pit plutonium. The analyses also include options for pit disassembly and conversion of plutonium metal to oxide and the potential use of mixed oxide (MOX) fuel in reactors at the Sequoyah and Browns Ferry Nuclear Plants of the Tennessee

42

EIS-0283-S2: Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIS-0283-S2: Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0283-S2: Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0283-S2: Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Surplus Plutonium Disposition This Draft SEIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of alternatives for disposition of 13.1 metric tons (14.4 tons) of surplus plutonium for which DOE has not made a disposition decision, including 7.1 metric tons (7.8 tons) of plutonium from pits that were declared excess to national defense needs after publication of the 2007 notice of intent for this SEIS, and 6.0 metric tons (6.6 tons) of surplus non-pit plutonium. The analyses also include options for pit disassembly and conversion of plutonium metal to oxide and the potential use of mixed oxide (MOX) fuel in reactors at the Sequoyah and Browns Ferry Nuclear Plants of the Tennessee

43

Supplement Analysis for the Storage of Surplus Plutonium Materials at the Savannah River Site (DOE/EIS-0229-SA-4)(09/05/07)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9-SA-4 9-SA-4 SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS STORAGE OF SURPLUS PLUTONIUM MATERIALS AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE In April 2002, DOE decided to immediately consolidate long-term storage at the Savannah River Site (SRS) of surplus, non-pit weapons-usable plutonium then stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) (DOE, 2002a). That 2002 decision did not affect an earlier DOE decision made in the January 21, 1997, Record of Decision (ROD, DOE, 1997) for the Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (Storage and Disposition PEIS, DOE, 1996) to continue storage of non-pit surplus plutonium at Hanford, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), and the Los Alamos

44

Characterization of representative materials in support of safe, long term storage of surplus plutonium in DOE-STD-3013 containers  

SciTech Connect

The Surveillance and Monitoring Program (SMP) is a joint LANL/SRS effort funded by DOE/EM to provide the technical basis for the safe, long-term storage (up to 50 years) of over 6 metric tons of plutonium stored in over 5000 DOE-STD-3013 containers at various facilities around the DOE complex. The majority of this material is plutonium that is surplus to the nuclear weapons program, and much of it is destined for conversion to mixed oxide fuel for use in US nuclear power plants. The form of the plutonium ranges from relatively pure metal and oxide to very impure oxide. The performance of the 3013 containers has been shown to depend on moisture content and on the levels, types and chemical forms of the impurities. The oxide materials that present the greatest challenge to the storage container are those that contain chloride salts. The chlorides (NaCl, KCl, CaCl{sub 2}, and MgCl{sub 2}) range from less than half of the impurities present to nearly all the impurities. Other common impurities include oxides and other compounds of calcium, magnesium, iron, and nickel. Over the past 15 years the program has collected a large body of experimental data on over 60 samples of plutonium chosen to represent the broader population of materials in storage. This paper will summarize the characterization data, including the origin and process history, particle size, surface area, density, calorimetry, chemical analysis, moisture analysis, prompt gamma, gas generation and corrosion behavior.

Smith, Paul H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Narlesky, Joshua E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Worl, Laura A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gillispie, Obie W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

LLNL Site plan for a MOX fuel lead assembly mission in support of surplus plutonium disposition  

SciTech Connect

The principal facilities that LLNL would use to support a MOX Fuel Lead Assembly Mission are Building 332 and Building 334. Both of these buildings are within the security boundary known as the LLNL Superblock. Building 332 is the LLNL Plutonium Facility. As an operational plutonium facility, it has all the infrastructure and support services required for plutonium operations. The LLNL Plutonium Facility routinely handles kilogram quantities of plutonium and uranium. Currently, the building is limited to a plutonium inventory of 700 kilograms and a uranium inventory of 300 kilograms. Process rooms (excluding the vaults) are limited to an inventory of 20 kilograms per room. Ongoing operations include: receiving SSTS, material receipt, storage, metal machining and casting, welding, metal-to-oxide conversion, purification, molten salt operations, chlorination, oxide calcination, cold pressing and sintering, vitrification, encapsulation, chemical analysis, metallography and microprobe analysis, waste material processing, material accountability measurements, packaging, and material shipping. Building 334 is the Hardened Engineering Test Building. This building supports environmental and radiation measurements on encapsulated plutonium and uranium components. Other existing facilities that would be used to support a MOX Fuel Lead Assembly Mission include Building 335 for hardware receiving and storage and TRU and LLW waste storage and shipping facilities, and Building 331 or Building 241 for storage of depleted uranium.

Bronson, M.C.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

DOE/EIS-0283-SA1: Supplement Analysis and Amended Record of Decision for Changes Needed To the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Program (4/24/03)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-SA1 3-SA1 April 2003 Changes Needed To The Surplus Plutonium Disposition Program SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS AND AMENDED RECORD OF DECISION U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Fissile Materials Disposition Washington, D.C. Table of Contents i Table of Contents List of Figures ................................................................................................................................. ii List of Tables .................................................................................................................................. ii List of Acronyms ...........................................................................................................................

47

IDENTIFYING IMPURITIES IN SURPLUS NON PIT PLUTONIUM FEEDS FOR MOX OR ALTERNATIVE DISPOSITION  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a technical basis for estimating the level of corrosion products in materials stored in DOE-STD-3013 containers based on extrapolating available chemical sample results. The primary focus is to estimate the levels of nickel, iron, and chromium impurities in plutonium-bearing materials identified for disposition in the United States Mixed Oxide fuel process.

Allender, J; Moore, E

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

48

EIS-0283-S2: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0283-S2: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Surplus Plutonium Disposition The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) announces the availability of the Draft Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SPD Supplemental EIS; DOE/EIS-0283-S2) for public comment. DOE also is announcing the dates, times and locations for pulic hearings to receive comments on the Draft SPD Supplemental EIS. The Draft SPD Supplemental EIS analyzes the potential environmental impacts of alternatives for disposition of 13.1 metric tons (14.4 tons) of surplus plutonium for which DOE has not made a disposition decision, including 7.1

49

DOE/EIS-0283-SA-2: Supplement Analysis for Waste Solidification Building - Surplus Plutonium Program EIS (11/08)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I I ~ ~ I Y I ~ L ' I I I i f l 7 c r [ y S r ~ for (lon~lr~rclion (711d Operal~on of n IVa~tr Solrd~fi~trtron Burlding at the S(rvannn/z I ? I I . ~ I Srte DOEIEIS-0283-SA-2 SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS WASTE SOLIDIFICATION BUILDING I N T R O D U C T I O N A N D PURPOSE The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), a separately organized agency within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is proposing to construct and operate a standalone Waste Solidification E3uilding1 (WSR) in F-Area at the Savannah River Site (SRS) near Aiken, South Carolina. Certain liquid low-level radioactive waste (LLW) and liquid transuranic (TRU) waste expected to be generated in the Mixed Oxide Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) and Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility (PDCF) as part of the U.S. Surplus Plutonium Disposition Program woi~ld be treated and

50

Record of Decision for the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

08 08 Federal Register / Vol. 65, No. 7 / Tuesday, January 11, 2000 / Notices 1 A nuclear weapon component. 2 A physical blend of uranium oxide and plutonium oxide. Staff Attorney, Entergy Power Marketing Corp., 10055 Grogan's Mill Road, Suite 500, The Woodlands, TX 77380. Comments on Solutions' request to export should be clearly marked with Docket EA-155-A. Additional copies are to be filed directly with: Richard Staines, Consolidated Edison Solutions, Inc., 701 Westchester Avenue, Suite 320E, White Plaines, NY 10604; and Steven J. Ross, Steptoe & Johnson, LLP, 1330 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036. Comments on DETM's request to export should be clearly marked with Docket EA-163-A. Additional copies are to be filed directly with: Kris Errickson, Legal/Regulatory

51

Supplement to the Draft Surplus Plutonium Disposition Environmental Impact Statement, April 6, 1999  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

720 720 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 65 / Tuesday, April 6, 1999 / Notices Dated: March 30, 1999. Judith Johnson, Acting Assistant Secretary, Elementary and Secondary Education. [FR Doc. 99-8394 Filed 4-5-99; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation Policy; Proposed Subsequent Arrangement AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Subsequent arrangement. SUMMARY: This notice is being issued under the authority of Section 131 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2160). The Department is providing notice of a ''subsequent arrangement'' under the Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Between the United States of America and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) and the Agreement for

52

Amended Record of Decision: Storage of Surplus Plutonium Materials at the Savannah River Site (DOE/EIS-0229)(09/11/07)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07 Federal Register 07 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 175 / Tuesday, September 11, 2007 / Notices 1 A container that complies with DOE-STD-3013, Stabilization, Packaging, and Storage of Plutonium- Bearing Materials. 2 The use of FFTF and the unirradiated fuel currently at Hanford is being considered in conjunction with the evaluation of reasonable alternatives in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) Programmatic EIS. The planned shipment of the FFTF unirradiated fuel to SRS is scheduled for the second half of Fiscal Year 2009. If FFTF is still being considered as part of GNEP following completion of the PEIS (expected in 2008), DOE may choose not to ship the unirradiated FFTF fuel to SRS. 3 Based on DOE's current surplus plutonium disposition plans, DOE expects to disposition the

53

DOE to Prepare a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for Proposed Surplus Plutonium Disposition at the Savannah River Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) this week sent to the Federal Register a notice announcing that it will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of proposed plutonium...

54

Draft principles, policy, and acceptance criteria for decommissioning of U.S. Department of Energy contaminated surplus facilities and summary of international decommissioning programs  

SciTech Connect

Decommissioning activities enable the DOE to reuse all or part of a facility for future activities and reduce hazards to the general public and any future work force. The DOE Office of Environment, Health and Safety has prepared this document, which consists of decommissioning principles and acceptance criteria, in an attempt to establish a policy that is in agreement with the NRC policy. The purpose of this document is to assist individuals involved with decommissioning activities in determining their specific responsibilities as identified in Draft DOE Order 5820.DDD, ``Decommissioning of US Department of Energy Contaminated Surplus Facilities`` (Appendix A). This document is not intended to provide specific decommissioning methodology. The policies and principles of several international decommissioning programs are also summarized. These programs are from the IAEA, the NRC, and several foreign countries expecting to decommission nuclear facilities. They are included here to demonstrate the different policies that are to be followed throughout the world and to allow the reader to become familiar with the state of the art for environment, safety, and health (ES and H) aspects of nuclear decommissioning.

Singh, B.K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[USDOE Office of Nuclear Safety Policy and Standards, Washington, DC (United States). Systems Analysis and Standards Div.; Gillette, J.; Jackson, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Department of Energy Announces Decision to Consolidate Surplus...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

efforts to properly manage surplus plutonium and follows our dedication to non-proliferation, environmental management and national security," Assistant Secretary of Energy...

56

A Supplement Analysis on Plutonium Consolidation at Savannah River Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE’s April 2002 decision to consolidate surplus, non-pit weapons-usable plutonium at Savannah River Site did not affect a 1997 DOE decision to continue storage of non-pit surplus plutonium at...

57

Additional public meeting on plutonium disposition on September...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

produce an oxide form of plutonium suitable for disposition and the use of mixed oxide (MOX) fuel fabricated from surplus plutonium in domestic commercial nuclear power reactors...

58

Draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closing the Circle: Closing the Circle: The Department of Energy and Environmental Management 1942-1994 F.G. Gosling and Terrence R. Fehner History Division Executive Secretariat Department of Energy March 1994 Draft Our mission at the Department of Energy is no less significant than trying to close the circle on the splitting of the atom begun a half-century ago by [the Manhattan Project]. -Tom Grumbly Draft * 3 EM Overview Closing the Circle: The Department of Energy and Environmental Management 1942-1994 Table of Contents Part I: Making of the Nuclear Weapons Complex, 1942-1955 1 The Manhattan Project: Genesis of the Complex 1 2 Health and Safety Concerns Environmental and Waste Management Concerns 3 The Atomic Energy Commission: Expansion of the Complex

59

DRAFT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Access Policy - Version 1.0 User Access Policy - Version 1.0 DOE NSRC User Access Policy December 9, 2002 page 1 DRAFT General Policies and Procedures for User Access to the DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers 1. Preamble The mission of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) is to support users in doing outstanding science in a safe environment. To this end, each Center must have: * An array of state-of-the-art equipment and laboratories for synthesis, fabrication, characterization, and simulation of nanoscale materials and structures * A skilled staff to support this equipment, users, and the associated science but above all * A user scientific program that provides leadership in nanoscale science and technology This document addresses the policies and procedures for user access to the NSRCs.

60

DRAFT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

⇒ ⇒ DRAFT 19 December 2012⇐= Status of the heaviest elements as of January 2013 Don Groom, Particle Data Group Superheavy elements are normally synthesized by exposing a high-Z target to a 2.5-7.5 MeV/u ion beam such as 48 Ca or 70 Zn. The target can be a stable isotope such as 208 Pb or 209 Bi; in this case the process is called cold fusion. If the target is radioactive (an actinide), it is a "hot fusion" reaction. Targets as heavy as 249 Bk have been used. Since fusion is followed by neutron loss (e.g. 248 Cf( 48 Ca,4n) 292 Lv), the atomic numbers of the beam and target nuclei determine whether the fusion products have even or odd Z. The main laboratories involved are at Dubna, Darmstadt, Berkeley, and RIKEN Nashina Center. Fusion cross sections steadily decrease with increasing Z, and are in the picobarn range for the heaviest elements. The cross section can be optimized for a given

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Relationship of Surplus Plutonium Disposition Alternatives and...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

TVA does not have a preferred alternative at this time regarding whether to pursue irradiation of MOX fuel in TVA reactors and which reactors might be used for this purpose....

62

in the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental EIS  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

two reactors have a combined maximum capacity of more than 2,410 megawatts, enough electricity to meet the needs of about 1.3 million homes. Sequoyah Nuclear Plant - Tennessee...

63

Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure...

64

Supplement Analysis Plutonium Consolidation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9-SA-4 9-SA-4 SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS STORAGE OF SURPLUS PLUTONIUM MATERIALS AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE In April 2002, DOE decided to immediately consolidate long-term storage at the Savannah River Site (SRS) of surplus, non-pit weapons-usable plutonium then stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) (DOE, 2002a). That 2002 decision did not affect an earlier DOE decision made in the January 21, 1997, Record of Decision (ROD, DOE, 1997) for the Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (Storage and Disposition PEIS, DOE, 1996) to continue storage of non-pit surplus plutonium at Hanford, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), and the Los Alamos

65

Decommissioning of eight surplus production reactors at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington. Addendum (Final Environmental Impact Statement)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first section of this volume summarizes the content of the draft environmental impact statement (DEIS) and this Addendum, which together constitute the final environmental impact statement (FEIS) prepared on the decommissioning of eight surplus plutonium production reactors at Hanford. The FEIS consists of two volumes. The first volume is the DEIS as written. The second volume (this Addendum) consists of a summary; Chapter 9, which contains comments on the DEIS and provides DOE`s responses to the comments; Appendix F, which provides additional health effects information; Appendix K, which contains costs of decommissioning in 1990 dollars; Appendix L, which contains additional graphite leaching data; Appendix M, which contains a discussion of accident scenarios; Appendix N, which contains errata; and Appendix 0, which contains reproductions of the letters, transcripts, and exhibits that constitute the record for the public comment period.

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Plutonium disposition via immobilization in ceramic or glass  

SciTech Connect

The management of surplus weapons plutonium is an important and urgent task with profound environmental, national, and international security implications. In the aftermath of the Cold War, Presidential Policy Directive 13, and various analyses by renown scientific, technical, and international policy organizations have brought about a focused effort within the Department of Energy to identify and implement paths for the long term disposition of surplus weapons- usable plutonium. The central goal of this effort is to render surplus weapons plutonium as inaccessible and unattractive for reuse in nuclear weapons as the much larger and growing stock of plutonium contained in spent fuel from civilian reactors. One disposition option being considered for surplus plutonium is immobilization, in which the plutonium would be incorporated into a glass or ceramic material that would ultimately be entombed permanently in a geologic repository for high-level waste.

Gray, L.W.; Kan, T.; Shaw, H.F.; Armantrout, A.

1997-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

67

DOE Will Dispose of 34 Metric Tons of Plutonium by Turning it...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in nuclear reactors. The decision follows an exhaustive Administration review of non-proliferation programs, including alternative technologies to dispose of surplus plutonium to...

68

Plutonium Consolidation Amended ROD  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6450-01-P] 6450-01-P] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Amended Record of Decision: Storage of Surplus Plutonium Materials at the Savannah River Site AGENCY: Department of Energy ACTION: Amended Record of Decision SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is amending the Record of Decision (ROD) for the Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0229, 1996; Storage and Disposition PEIS). Specifically, DOE has decided to take the actions necessary to transfer approximately 2,511 additional 3013-compliant packages 1 containing surplus non-pit weapons-usable plutonium metals and oxides to the Savannah River Site (SRS), near Aiken, South Carolina. Approximately 2,300 containers will be transferred from the Hanford Site (Hanford) near

69

Process for immobilizing plutonium into vitreous ceramic waste forms  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method for converting spent nuclear fuel and surplus plutonium into a vitreous ceramic final waste form wherein spent nuclear fuel is bound in a crystalline matrix which is in turn bound within glass.

Feng, Xiangdong (Richland, WA); Einziger, Robert E. (Richland, WA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Effects of an Increasing Surplus of Energy Generating Capability in the Pacific Northwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to more frequent "excess energy" events. This happens when the available wind and water energy can't all wind development for renewable energy credits is likely to increase the frequency of excess energy of an Increasing Surplus of Energy Generating Capability in the Pacific Northwest (Draft) 5 of wind plant operation

71

Special Nuclear Materials: EM Manages Plutonium, Highly Enriched Uranium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Materials & Waste » Nuclear Materials & Waste » Special Nuclear Materials: EM Manages Plutonium, Highly Enriched Uranium and Uranium-233 Special Nuclear Materials: EM Manages Plutonium, Highly Enriched Uranium and Uranium-233 105-K building houses the K-Area Material Storage (KAMS) facility, designated for the consolidated storage of surplus plutonium at Savannah River Site pending disposition. The plutonium shipped to KAMS is sealed inside a welded 3013 containers that are nested in 9975 shipping containers. 105-K building houses the K-Area Material Storage (KAMS) facility, designated for the consolidated storage of surplus plutonium at Savannah River Site pending disposition. The plutonium shipped to KAMS is sealed inside a welded 3013 containers that are nested in 9975 shipping

72

DOE/EIS-0283; Surplus Plutonium Disposition Final Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the various proposed alternatives. 3.3.11.1 General Site Description INEEL has extensive production, service, and research facilities. An extensive infrastructure supports these...

73

EIS-0283-S1: Supplement to the Surplus Plutonium Disposition...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement SUMMARY The Supplement evaluates the potential environmental impacts of using MOX fuel in these six specific reactors named in the DCS proposal as well as other program...

74

Plutonium Disposition Program | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home > Media Room > Fact Sheets > Plutonium Disposition Program Home > Media Room > Fact Sheets > Plutonium Disposition Program Fact Sheet Plutonium Disposition Program Jun 26, 2013 SUPPORTING NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION Weapon-grade plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU) are the critical ingredients for making a nuclear weapon. With the end of the Cold War, hundreds of tons of these materials were determined to be surplus to U.S. and Russian defense needs. Denying access to plutonium and HEU is the best way to prevent nuclear proliferation to rogue states and terrorist organizations. The most certain method to prevent these materials from falling into the wrong hands is to dispose of them. During the April 2010 Nuclear Security Summit, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov signed a protocol

75

How games can redirect humanity's cognitive surplus for social good  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: cognitive surplus, games, persuasive technologies, pervasive technologies, prosocial games, social good

Joel Ross; Bill Tomlinson

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Plutonium Immobilization Project System Design Description for Can Loading System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this System Design Description (SDD) is to specify the system and component functions and requirements for the Can Loading System and provide a complete description of the system (design features, boundaries, and interfaces), principles of operation (including upsets and recovery), and the system maintenance approach. The Plutonium Immobilization Project (PIP) will immobilize up to 13 metric tons (MT) of U.S. surplus weapons usable plutonium materials.

Kriikku, E.

2001-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

PLUTONIUM PROCESSING OPTIMIZATION IN SUPPORT OF THE MOX FUEL PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

After Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) personnel completed polishing 125 Kg of plutonium as highly purified PuO{sub 2} from surplus nuclear weapons, Duke, COGEMA, Stone, and Webster (DCS) required as the next process stage, the validation and optimization of all phases of the plutonium polishing flow sheet. Personnel will develop the optimized parameters for use in the upcoming 330 kg production mission.

GRAY, DEVIN W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; COSTA, DAVID A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

78

Environmental Assessment DOE/EA-1172 DOE Sale of Surplus Natural and Low Enriched Uranium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE/EA-1172 DOE Sale of Surplus Natural and Low Enriched Uranium | October 1996 | For additional information contact: Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 ii October 1996 | Table of Contents 1.0 Purpose and Need for Agency Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 1.1 Purpose and Need for Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 1.2 Relationship to Other DOE NEPA Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 1.2.1 Environmental Assessment for the Purchase of Russian Low Enriched Uranium Derived from the Dismantlement of Nuclear Weapons in the | Countries of the Former Soviet Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 | 1.2.2 Disposition of Surplus Highly Enriched Uranium Final EIS . . . . . . . . 1-2 1.3 Public Comments on the Draft EA

79

California | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, Oakland Operations Office, Oakland, California July 1, 1998 EIS-0283: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Surplus Plutonium...

80

Surplus Highly Enriched Uranium Disposition Program plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide upper level guidance for the program that will downblend surplus highly enriched uranium for use as commercial nuclear reactor fuel or low-level radioactive waste. The intent of this document is to outline the overall mission and program objectives. The document is also intended to provide a general basis for integration of disposition efforts among all applicable sites. This plan provides background information, establishes the scope of disposition activities, provides an approach to the mission and objectives, identifies programmatic assumptions, defines major roles, provides summary level schedules and milestones, and addresses budget requirements.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

DRAFT DRAFT DRAFT Forecasting Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prices. With the medium natural gas price assumptions, the Council currently is seeing draft spot market for Northwest smelters. Since electricity prices are related to natural gas prices in the long-term, and high natural gas prices are associated with the high economic growth case, it may now make more sense to assume

82

CONVERSION OF PLUTONIUM TRIFLUORIDE TO PLUTONIUM TETRAFLUORIDE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A large proportion of the trifluoride of plutonium can be converted, in the absence of hydrogen fluoride, to the tetrafiuoride of plutonium. This is done by heating plutonium trifluoride with oxygen at temperatures between 250 and 900 deg C. The trifiuoride of plutonium reacts with oxygen to form plutonium tetrafluoride and plutonium oxide, in a ratio of about 3 to 1. In the presence of moisture, plutonium tetrafluoride tends to hydrolyze at elevated temperatures and therefore it is desirable to have the process take place under anhydrous conditions.

Fried, S.; Davidson, N.R.

1957-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

83

Disposition of Surplus Highly Enriched Uranium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

@ @ Printed with soy ink on recycled paper. ,, ,, This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors horn the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; telephone (423) 576-8401 for prices, Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161. Copies of this document are available (while supplies last) upon written request to: Office of Fissile Materials Disposition, MD-4 ' Forrestal Building United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 June 1996 Dear hterested Party: The Disposition of Surplus Highly Enriched Uranium Final Environmental Impact Statemnt is enclosed for your information. This document has been prepared in accordance

84

DOE/EIS-0026-SA-03: Supplement Analysis for The Disposal of Certain Rocky Flats Plutonium-Bearing Materials at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (11/08/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supplement Analysis For Disposal of Certain Rocky Flats Supplement Analysis For Disposal of Certain Rocky Flats Plutonium-Bearing Materials at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant PURPOSE The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to revise its approach for managing approximately 0.97 metric tons (MT) of plutonium-bearing materials (containing about 0.18 MT of surplus plutonium) located at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS). DOE is proposing to repackage and transport these materials for direct disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico. Several DOE environmental impact statements (EISs) discuss the potential impacts from different proposed alternatives for the storage and disposition of surplus plutonium and waste containing surplus plutonium. These EISs evaluated and presented the potential impacts for

85

Plutonium immobilization plant using ceramic in existing facilities at the Savannah River site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Plutonium Immobilization Plant (PIP) accepts plutonium (Pu) from pit conversion and from non-pit sources, and through a ceramic immobilization process converts the plutonium into an immobilized form that can be disposed of in a high level waste (HLW) repository. This immobilization process is shown conceptually in Figure 1-1. The objective is to make an immobilized form, suitable for geologic disposal, in which the plutonium is as inherently unattractive and inaccessible as the plutonium in spent fuel from commercial reactors. The ceramic immobilization alternative presented in this report consists of first converting the surplus material to an oxide, followed by incorporating the plutonium oxide into a titanate-based ceramic material that is placed in metal cans.

DiSabatino, A., LLNL

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

U.S. and Russia Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition U.S. and Russia Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis Will Eliminate Enough Russian Plutonium for Thousands of Nuclear Weapons WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency Director Sergey Kiriyenko have signed a joint statement outlining a plan to dispose of 34 metric tons of surplus plutonium from Russia's weapons program. Under the new plan, the United States will cooperate with Russia to convert Russian weapon-grade plutonium into mixed oxide fuel (MOX) and irradiate the MOX fuel in the BN-600 fast reactor, currently operating at the Beloyarsk nuclear power plant, and in the BN-800 fast reactor, currently under construction at the same site. The United States and Russia also

87

Draft 2013 Annual Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft 2013 Annual Plan Draft 2013 Annual Plan Section 999: Draft 2013 Annual Plan Section 999 - Draft 2013 Annual Plan...

88

THE PLUTONIUM STORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soc. , The occurrence of plutonium in nature. Mastick, D. F.positive oxidation state of plutonium. G. T. Seaborg, J. J.The first isolation of plutonium J. Am. Chem. Soc. , Fermi,

Seaborg, G.T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Process modeling of plutonium conversion and MOX fabrication for plutonium disposition  

SciTech Connect

Two processes are currently under consideration for the disposition of 35 MT of surplus plutonium through its conversion into fuel for power production. These processes are the ARIES process, by which plutonium metal is converted into a powdered oxide form, and MOX fuel fabrication, where the oxide powder is combined with uranium oxide powder to form ceramic fuel. This study was undertaken to determine the optimal size for both facilities, whereby the 35 MT of plutonium metal will be converted into fuel and burned for power. The bounding conditions used were a plutonium concentration of 3--7%, a burnup of 20,000--40,000 MWd/MTHM, a core fraction of 0.1 to 0.4, and the number of reactors ranging from 2--6. Using these boundary conditions, the optimal cost was found with a plutonium concentration of 7%. This resulted in an optimal throughput ranging from 2,000 to 5,000 kg Pu/year. The data showed minimal costs, resulting from throughputs in this range, at 3,840, 2,779, and 3,497 kg Pu/year, which results in a facility lifetime of 9.1, 12.6, and 10.0 years, respectively.

Schwartz, K.L. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Development of the plutonium oxide vitrification system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Repository disposal of plutonium in a suitable, immobilized form is being considered as one option for the disposition of surplus weapons-usable plutonium. Accelerated development efforts were completed in 1997 on two potential immobilization forms to facilitate downselection to one form for continued development. The two forms studied were a crystalline ceramic based on Synroc technology and a lanthanide borosilicate (LaBS) glass. As part of the glass development program, melter design activities and component testing were completed to demonstrate the feasibility of using glass as an immobilization medium. A prototypical melter was designed and built in 1997. The melter vessel and drain tube were constructed of a Pt/Rh alloy. Separate induction systems were used to heat the vessel and drain tube. A Pt/Rh stirrer was incorporated into the design to facilitate homogenization of the melt. Integrated powder feeding and off-gas systems completed the overall design. Concurrent with the design efforts, testing was conducted using a plutonium surrogate LaBS composition in an existing (near-scale) melter to demonstrate the feasibility of processing the LaBS glass on a production scale. Additionally, the drain tube configuration was successfully tested using a plutonium surrogate LaBS glass.

Marshall, K.M.; Marra, J.C.; Coughlin, J.T.; Calloway, T.B.; Schumacher, R.F.; Zamecnik, J.R.; Pareizs, J.M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

PLUTONIUM ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The preparation of low-melting-point plutonium alloys is described. In a MgO crucible Pu is placed on top of the lighter alloying metal (Fe, Co, or Ni) and the temperature raised to 1000 or 1200 deg C. Upon cooling, the alloy slug is broke out of the crucible. With 14 at. % Ni the m.p. is 465 deg C; with 9.5 at. % Fe the m.p. is 410 deg C; and with 12.0 at. % Co the m.p. is 405 deg C. (T.R.H.) l6262 l6263 ((((((((Abstract unscannable))))))))

Chynoweth, W.

1959-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

92

Direct conversion of surplus fissile materials, spent nuclear fuel, and other materials to high-level-waste glass  

SciTech Connect

With the end of the cold war the United States, Russia, and other countries have excess plutonium and other materials from the reductions in inventories of nuclear weapons. The United States Academy of Sciences (NAS) has recommended that these surplus fissile materials (SFMs) be processed so they are no more accessible than plutonium in spent nuclear fuel (SNF). This spent fuel standard, if adopted worldwide, would prevent rapid recovery of SFMs for the manufacture of nuclear weapons. The NAS recommended investigation of three sets of options for disposition of SFMs while meeting the spent fuel standard: (1) incorporate SFMs with highly radioactive materials and dispose of as waste, (2) partly burn the SFMs in reactors with conversion of the SFMs to SNF for disposal, and (3) dispose of the SFMs in deep boreholes. The US Government is investigating these options for SFM disposition. A new method for the disposition of SFMs is described herein: the simultaneous conversion of SFMs, SNF, and other highly radioactive materials into high-level-waste (HLW) glass. The SFMs include plutonium, neptinium, americium, and {sup 233}U. The primary SFM is plutonium. The preferred SNF is degraded SNF, which may require processing before it can be accepted by a geological repository for disposal.

Forsberg, C.W.; Elam, K.R.

1995-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

93

C^ DECOMMISSIONING OF EIGHT SURPLUS PRODUCTION REACTORS AT THE HANFORD SITE,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To request copies of the draft environmental impact statement, contact Ms. WheeLess at the above address. e.`? ABSTRACT: The purpose of this Draft Envirormental Impact Statement ( DEIS) is to provide environmental information to assist the U.S. Department of Energy ( DOE) in the selection of a decomaissioning alternative for the eight surplus production reactors at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington. Five alternatives are considered in this DEIS: 1) No Action, in which the reactors are left in place and the present maintenance and surveillance programs are continued; 2) Immediate One-Piece Removal, in which the reactor buildings are demolished and the reactor blocks are transported in one piece on a tractor-transporter across the Site along a predetermined route to an onsite low-Level ^* ( waste burial area; 3) Safe Storage Followed by Deferred One-Piece Removal, in which the reactors are temporarily stored in a safe, secure status for 75 years, after which the reactor buildings are demolished and the reactor blocks are transported in one piece on a tractor-transporter across the Site along a predetermined route to an onsite low-LeveL waste-buriat area; 4) Safe Storage Followed by Deferred Dismantlement, in which the reactors are temporarily stored in a safe, secure status for

Karen J. Wheeless

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

PRODUCTION OF PLUTONIUM METAL  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is given for producing plutonium metal by the reduction of plutonium chloride, dissolved in alkali metal chloride plus or minus aluminum chloride, with magnesium or a magnesium-aluminum alloy at between 700 and 800 deg C and separating the plutonium or plutonium-aluminum alloy formed from the salt.

Lyon, W.L.; Moore, R.H.

1961-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

95

First draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Planning: Planning: Institutional Issues in the West Prepared for The CREPC Transmission Planning and Expansion Work Group By The Regulatory Assistance Project Bob Anderson Associate Draft January 15, 2004 Transmission Planning: Institutional Issues in the West Page i Table of Contents Introduction......................................................................................................................... 1 Background-The Existing Transmission Planning Landscape......................................... 3 Interconnection-wide Transmission Planning ................................................................ 3 Seams Steering Group-Western Interconnection (SSG-WI) ...................................... 3 Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)...................................................

96

SEPARATION OF PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for separating plutonium from uranium and fission products by treating a nitrate solution of fission products, uranium, and hexavalent plutonium with a relatively water-insoluble fluoride to adsorb fission products on the fluoride, treating the residual solution with a reducing agent for plutonium to reduce its valence to four and less, treating the reduced plutonium solution with a relatively insoluble fluoride to adsorb the plutonium on the fluoride, removing the solution, and subsequently treating the fluoride with its adsorbed plutonium with a concentrated aqueous solution of at least one of a group consisting of aluminum nitrate, ferric nitrate, and manganous nitrate to remove the plutonium from the fluoride.

Maddock, A.G.; Smith, F.

1959-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

97

History of the US weapons-usable plutonium disposition program leading to DOE`s record of decision  

SciTech Connect

This report highlights important events and studies concerning surplus weapons-usable plutonium disposition in the United States. Included are major events that led to the creation of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fissile Materials Disposition in 1994 and to that DOE office issuing the January 1997 Record of Decision for the Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Useable Fissile Materials Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. Emphasis has been given to reactor-based plutonium disposition alternatives.

Spellman, D.J.; Thomas, J.F.; Bugos, R.G.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

STRIPPING PROCESS FOR PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for removing silver, nickel, cadmium, zinc, and indium coatings from plutonium objects while simultaneously rendering the plutonium object passive is described. The coated plutonium object is immersed as the anode in an electrolyte in which the plutonium is passive and the coating metal is not passive, using as a cathode a metal which does not dissolve rapidly in the electrolyte. and passing an electrical current through the electrolyte until the coating metal is removed from the plutonium body.

Kolodney, M.

1959-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

EXAFS and XANES analysis of plutonium and cerium edges from titanate ceramics for fissile materials disposal.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra from the plutonium L{sub III} edge and XANES from the cerium L{sub II} edge in prototype titanate ceramic hosts. The titanate ceramics studied are based upon the hafnium-pyrochlore and zirconolite mineral structures and will serve as an immobilization host for surplus fissile materials, containing as much as 10 weight % fissile plutonium and 20 weight % (natural or depleted) uranium. Three ceramic formulations were studied: one employed cerium as a ''surrogate'' element, replacing both plutonium and uranium in the ceramic matrix, another formulation contained plutonium in a ''baseline'' ceramic formulation, and a third contained plutonium in a formulation representing a high-impurity plutonium stream. The cerium XANES from the surrogate ceramic clearly indicates a mixed III-IV oxidation state for the cerium. In contrast, XANES analysis of the two plutonium-bearing ceramics shows that the plutonium is present almost entirely as Pu(IV) and occupies the calcium site in the zirconolite and pyrochlore phases. The plutonium EXAFS real-space structure shows a strong second-shell peak, clearly distinct from that of PuO{sub 2}, with remarkably little difference in the plutonium crystal chemistry indicated between the baseline and high-impurity formulations.

Fortner, J. A.; Kropf, A. J.; Bakel, A. J.; Hash, M. C.; Aase, S. B.; Buck, E. C.; Chamerlain, D. B.

1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

100

EIS Data Call Report: Plutonium immobilization plant using ceramic in new facilities at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

The Plutonium Immobilization Plant (PIP) accepts plutonium (Pu) from pit conversion and from non-pit sources and, through a ceramic immobilization process, converts the plutonium into an immobilized form that can be disposed of in a high level waste (HLW) repository. This immobilization process is shown conceptually in Figure 1-1. The objective is to make an immobilized form, suitable for geologic disposal, in which the plutonium is as inherently unattractive and inaccessible as the plutonium in spent fuel from commercial reactors. The ceramic immobilization alternative presented in this report consists of first converting the surplus material to an oxide, followed by incorporating the plutonium oxide into a titanate-based ceramic material that is placed in metal cans.

DiSabatino, A.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Strong Lines of Plutonium ( Pu )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Plutonium (Pu) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Plutonium ( Pu ). ...

102

Atomic Data for Plutonium (Pu)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Plutonium (Pu) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Atomic Data for Plutonium (Pu). ...

103

Amended Record of Decision for the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Program (4/19/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

432 432 Federal Register / Vol. 67, No. 76 / Friday, April 19, 2002 / Notices Publisher: The test publisher and the address, contact person, telephone, and fax number of the test publisher are: CTB/McGraw-Hill, 20 Ryan Ranch Road, Monterey, California 93940- 5703, Contact: Ms. Veronika Henderson, Telephone: (831) 393- 7363, Fax: (831) 393-7142. 7. Wonderlic Basic Skills Test (WBST)- Verbal Forms VS-1 & VS-2, Quantitative Forms QS-1 & QS-2 Passing scores: The approved passing scores on this test are as follows: Verbal (200) and Quantitative (210). Publisher: The test publisher and the address, contact person, telephone, and fax number of the test publisher are: Wonderlic Personnel Test, Inc., 1509 N. Milwaukee Ave., Libertyville, IL 60048-1380, Contact: Mr. Victor S.

104

METHOD OF SEPARATING PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Plutonium hexafluoride is a satisfactory fluorinating agent and may be reacted with various materials capable of forming fluorides, such as copper, iron, zinc, etc., with consequent formation of the metal fluoride and reduction of the plutonium to the form of a lower fluoride. In accordance with the present invention, it has been found that the reactivity of plutonium hexafluoride with other fluoridizable materials is so great that the process may be used as a method of separating plutonium from mixures containing plutonium hexafluoride and other vaporized fluorides even though the plutonium is present in but minute quantities. This process may be carried out by treating a mixture of fluoride vapors comprising plutonium hexafluoride and fluoride of uranium to selectively reduce the plutonium hexafluoride and convert it to a less volatile fluoride, and then recovering said less volatile fluoride from the vapor by condensation.

Brown, H.S.; Hill, O.F.

1958-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

PREPARATION OF PLUTONIUM TRIFLUORIDE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of producing plutonium trifluoride by reacting dry plutonium(IV) oxalate with chlorofluorinated methane or ethane at 400 to 450 deg C and cooling the product in the absence of oxygen is described.

Burger, L.L.; Roake, W.E.

1961-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

106

PROCESS FOR PURIFYING PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described of separating plutonium from small amounts of uranium and other contaminants. An acidic aqueous solution of higher valent plutonium and hexavalent uranium is treated with a soluble iodide to obtain the plutonium in the plus three oxidation state while leaving the uranium in the hexavalent state, adding a soluble oxalate such as oxalic acid, and then separating the insoluble plus the plutonium trioxalate from the solution.

Mastick, D.F.; Wigner, E.P.

1958-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

EIS-0240: Disposition of Surplus Highly Enriched Uranium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department proposes to eliminate the proliferation threat of surplus highly enriched uranium (HEU) by blending it down to low enriched uranium (LEU), which is not weapons-usable. The EIS assesses the disposition of a nominal 200 metric tons of surplus HEU. The Preferred Alternative is, where practical, to blend the material for use as LEU and use overtime, in commercial nuclear reactor field to recover its economic value. Material that cannot be economically recovered would be blended to LEU for disposal as low-level radioactive waste.

108

Plutonium Disposition Program | National Nuclear Security Administrati...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plutonium Disposition Program Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nonproliferation > Fissile Materials Disposition > Plutonium Disposition Program Plutonium Disposition Program The...

109

PLUTONIUM CLEANING PROCESS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for rapidly removing iron, nickel, and zinc coatings from plutonium objects while simultaneously rendering the plutonium object passive. The method consists of immersing the coated plutonium object in an aqueous acid solution containing a substantial concentration of nitrate ions, such as fuming nitric acid.

Kolodney, M.

1959-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

PLUTONIUM-THORIUM ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

New plutonium-base binary alloys useful as liquid reactor fuel are described. The alloys consist of 50 to 98 at.% thorium with the remainder plutonium. The stated advantages of these alloys over unalloyed plutonium for reactor fuel use are easy fabrication, phase stability, and the accompanying advantuge of providing a means for converting Th/sup 232/ into U/sup 233/.

Schonfeld, F.W.

1959-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

111

On the application of IAEA safeguards to plutonium and highly enriched uranium from military inventories  

SciTech Connect

Progress toward the reduction of nuclear arsenals may render surplus hundreds of tonnes of plutonium and highly enriched uranium by the end of the century. None of the acknowledged nuclear weapon states (NWS) is under a specific obligation to submit surplus military inventories to international control. However, inviting the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to apply safeguards to the plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU) released from military use could contribute to building confidence as part of the reductions currently envisaged and could encourage further steps within the states currently planning reductions or by other NWS. If invited, specific arrangements for the application of IAEA safeguards to plutonium and highly enriched uranium from military inventories would be determined by: the institutional provisions adopted; the specified verification requirements; the amounts and forms of plutonium and HEU and the types of facilities to be safeguarded; facility-specific features for the control and accounting of the plutonium and HEU; and the number of facilities where safeguards will be applied. These considerations would be used to establish the most appropriate verificiation arrangements, including the technology to be employed and inspection scheduling arrangements, to provide effective and efficient safeguards. If an invitation is made, the IAEA Board of Governors must approve of the obligations and commitments of the states involved and of the financial arrangements that will ensure the safeguards can be implemented as agreed. 2 tabs.

Shea, T.E. (International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramerstrasse, Vienna (Austria))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

workers used chemical processing and furnaces to fabricate plutonium metal, primarily hockey puck-shaped pieces called buttons. The plutonium buttons were stored in high-security...

113

PREPARATION OF PLUTONIUM HALIDES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process ls presented for the preparation of plutonium trihalides. Plutonium oxide or a compound which may be readily converted to plutonlum oxide, for example, a plutonium hydroxide or plutonlum oxalate is contacted with a suitable halogenating agent. Speciflc agents mentioned are carbon tetrachloride, carbon tetrabromide, sulfur dioxide, and phosphorus pentachloride. The reaction is carried out under superatmospberic pressure at about 300 icient laborato C.

Davidson, N.R.; Katz, J.J.

1958-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

PLUTONIUM-ZIRCONIUM ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A series of nuclear reactor fuel alloys consisting of from about 5 to about 50 at.% zirconium (or higher zirconium alloys such as Zircaloy), balance plutonium, and having the structural composition of a plutonium are described. Zirconium is a satisfactory diluent because it alloys readily with plutonium and has desirable nuclear properties. Additional advantages are corrosion resistance, excellent fabrication propenties, an isotropie structure, and initial softness.

Schonfeld, F.W.; Waber, J.T.

1960-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

115

Continuous plutonium dissolution apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is concerned with continuous dissolution of metals such as plutonium. A high normality acid mixture is fed into a boiler vessel, vaporized, and subsequently condensed as a low normality acid mixture. The mixture is then conveyed to a dissolution vessel and contacted with the plutonium metal to dissolve the plutonium in the dissolution vessel, reacting therewith forming plutonium nitrate. The reaction products are then conveyed to the mixing vessel and maintained soluble by the high normality acid, with separation and removal of the desired constituent. (Official Gazette)

Meyer, F.G.; Tesitor, C.N.

1974-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

116

THE PLUTONIUM STORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vast processing plants at Hanford, Washington, in Decemberconsideration for use at Hanford. The various parts of thewere tested c u the Hanford concentration:, of plutonium in

Seaborg, G.T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

PREPARATION OF PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods are presented for the electro-deposition of plutonium from fused mixtures of plutonium halides and halides of the alkali metals and alkaline earth metals. Th salts, preferably chlorides and with the plutonium prefer ably in the trivalent state, are placed in a refractory crucible such as tantalum or molybdenam and heated in a non-oxidizing atmosphere to 600 to 850 deg C, the higher temperatatures being used to obtain massive plutonium and the lower for the powder form. Electrodes of graphite or non reactive refractory metals are used, the crucible serving the cathode in one apparatus described in the patent.

Kolodney, M.

1959-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Method for dissolving plutonium dioxide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for dissolving plutonium dioxide comprises adding silver ions to a nitric acid-hydrofluoric acid solution to significantly speed up dissolution of difficultly soluble plutonium dioxide.

Tallent, Othar K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

It's Elemental - The Element Plutonium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next Element (Americium) Americium The Element Plutonium Click for Isotope Data 94 Pu Plutonium 244 Atomic Number: 94 Atomic Weight: 244 Melting Point: 913 K (640C or...

120

EIS-0310: Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10: Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement 10: Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0310: Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Under the authority of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, the DOE is responsible for ensuring the availability of isotopes for medical, industrial and research applications, meeting the nuclear material needs of other Federal agencies, and undertaking research and development activities related to development of nuclear power for civilian use. To meet these responsibilities, DOE maintains nuclear infrastructure capabilities that support various missions. Current estimates for the future needs of medical and industrial isotopes, plutonium-238, and research requirements indicate that the current infrastructure may soon be insufficient to meet the projected demands. DOE proposes to enhance these

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

DELTA PHASE PLUTONIUM ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Delta-phase plutonium alloys were developed suitable for use as reactor fuels. The alloys consist of from 1 to 4 at.% zinc and the balance plutonium. The alloys have good neutronic, corrosion, and fabrication characteristics snd possess good dimensional characteristics throughout an operating temperature range from 300 to 490 deg C.

Cramer, E.M.; Ellinger, F.H.; Land. C.C.

1960-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

122

PLUTONIUM-CERIUM ALLOY  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alloy is presented for use as a reactor fuel. The binary alloy consists essentially of from about 5 to 90 atomic per cent cerium and the balance being plutonium. A complete phase diagram for the cerium--plutonium system is given.

Coffinberry, A.S.

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Draft General Conformity Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I I Draft General Conformity Determination U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix I Draft General Conformity Determination Draft General Conformity Determination Cape Wind Energy Project Prepared by Minerals Management Service Herndon, VA November 2008 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROPOSED ACTION............................................................... 1 2.0 GENERAL CONFORMITY REGULATORY BACKGROUND .......................................... 2 2.1 GENERAL CONFORMITY REQUIREMENTS.................................................................... 2 2.2 GENERAL CONFORMITY APPLICABILITY.....................................................................

124

Lincoln Electric Draft Environmental Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APPENDIX E. DRAFT EA COMMENTS AND RESPONSES 2 Lincoln Electric Draft Environmental Assessment Comments and Responses Number Commenter Comment Summary Response 1. Euclid Historical...

125

DRAFT Glossary of AFIS Terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. DRAFT Glossary of AFIS Terms Latent Print AFIS Interoperability Working Group Page 2. DRAFT Glossary of AFIS Terms 2 ...

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

126

PLUTONIUM-CERIUM-COBALT AND PLUTONIUM-CERIUM-NICKEL ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

>New plutonium-base teroary alloys useful as liquid reactor fuels are described. The alloys consist of 10 to 20 atomic percent cobalt with the remainder plutonium and cerium in any desired proportion, with the plutonium not in excess of 88 atomic percent; or, of from 10 to 25 atomic percent nickel (or mixture of nickel and cobalt) with the remainder plutonium and cerium in any desired proportion, with the plutonium not in excess of 86 atomic percent. The stated advantages of these alloys over unalloyed plutonium for reactor fuel use are a lower melting point and a wide range of permissible plutonium dilution.

Coffinberry, A.S.

1959-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

127

Preliminary Draft EIS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Draft Environmental Impact Statement January 2012 DOE/EIS-0457 Albany-Eugene 115-kilovolt No. 1 Transmission Line Rebuild Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement Bonneville Power Administration January 2012 Abstract Albany-Eugene 115-kilovolt No. 1 Transmission Line Rebuild Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement i Albany-Eugene 115-kilovolt No. 1 Transmission Line Rebuild Project Responsible Agency: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Bonneville Power Administration Title of Proposed Project: Albany-Eugene 115-kilovolt No. 1 Transmission Line Rebuild Project State Involved: Oregon Abstract: Bonneville Power Administration is proposing to rebuild a 32-mile section of the Albany-

128

Method for dissolving plutonium dioxide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The fluoride-catalyzed, non-oxidative dissolution of plutonium dioxide in HNO.sub.3 is significantly enhanced in rate by oxidizing dissolved plutonium ions. It is believed that the oxidation of dissolved plutonium releases fluoride ions from a soluble plutonium-fluoride complex for further catalytic action.

Tallent, Othar K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

TECHNIQUES FOR MONITORING PLUTONIUM IN THE ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Environmental Plutonium and its Related Nuclides," IEEEJ. Koch, and C. T. Schmidt, "Plutonium Survey with an X-RayDetermination of Plutonium," Talanta!! , 215 (1967). C. E.

Nero Jr., A.V.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Plutonium radiation surrogate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A self-contained source of gamma-ray and neutron radiation suitable for use as a radiation surrogate for weapons-grade plutonium is described. The source generates a radiation spectrum similar to that of weapons-grade plutonium at 5% energy resolution between 59 and 2614 keV, but contains no special nuclear material and emits little .alpha.-particle radiation. The weapons-grade plutonium radiation surrogate also emits neutrons having fluxes commensurate with the gamma-radiation intensities employed.

Frank, Michael I. (Dublin, CA)

2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

131

Plutonium Vulnerability Management Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Plutonium Vulnerability Management Plan describes the Department of Energy`s response to the vulnerabilities identified in the Plutonium Working Group Report which are a result of the cessation of nuclear weapons production. The responses contained in this document are only part of an overall, coordinated approach designed to enable the Department to accelerate conversion of all nuclear materials, including plutonium, to forms suitable for safe, interim storage. The overall actions being taken are discussed in detail in the Department`s Implementation Plan in response to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) Recommendation 94-1. This is included as Attachment B.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

PLUTONIUM ELECTROREFINING CELLS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrorefining cells for obtaining 99.98% plutonium are described. The cells consist of an impure liquid plutonium anode, a molten PuCl/sub 3/-- alkali or alkaline earth metal chloanode, a molten PuCl/sub 3/-alkali or alkaline earth metal chloride electrolyte, and a nonreactive cathode, all being contained in nonreactive ceramic containers which separate anode from cathode by a short distance and define a gap for the collection of the purified liquid plutonium deposited on the cathode. Important features of these cells are the addition of stirrer blades on the anode lead and a large cathode surface to insure a low current density. (AEC)

Mullins, L.J. Jr.; Leary, J.A.; Bjorklund, C.W.; Maraman, W.J.

1963-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

133

U.S. weapons-usable plutonium disposition policy: Implementation of the MOX fuel option  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive case study was conducted on the policy problem of disposing of US weapons-grade plutonium, which has been declared surplus to strategic defense needs. Specifically, implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel disposition option was examined in the context of national and international nonproliferation policy, and in contrast to US plutonium policy. The study reveals numerous difficulties in achieving effective implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel option including unresolved licensing and regulatory issues, technological uncertainties, public opposition, potentially conflicting federal policies, and the need for international assurances of reciprocal plutonium disposition activities. It is believed that these difficulties can be resolved in time so that the implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel option can eventually be effective in accomplishing its policy objective.

Woods, A.L. [ed.] [Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium, TX (United States); Gonzalez, V.L. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Political Science

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

US weapons-useable plutonium disposition policy: implementation of the MOX fuel option  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive case study was conducted on the policy problem of disposing of U.S. weapons-grade plutonium which has been declared surplus to strategic defense needs. Specifically, implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel disposition option was examined in the context of national and international nonproliferation policy, and in contrast to U.S. plutonium policy. The study reveals numerous difficulties in achieving effective implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel option including unresolved licensing and regulatory issues, technological uncertainties, public opposition, potentially conflicting federal policies, and the need for international assurances of reciprocal plutonium disposition activities. It is believed that these difficulties can be resolved in time so that the implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel option can eventually be effective in accomplishing its policy objective.

Gonzalez, Vanessa L

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

THE PLUTONIUM STORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chemical symbols would be Np and Pu. The names "eka-rhenium"DEMONSTRATION OF FISSIONABILITY OF Pu The plutonium isotopeneutron fission cross section of Pu compared to that of ' U.

Seaborg, G.T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Plutonium dissolution process  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A two-step process for dissolving plutonium metal, which two steps can be carried out sequentially or simultaneously. Plutonium metal is exposed to a first mixture containing approximately 1.0M-1.67M sulfamic acid and 0.0025M-0.1M fluoride, the mixture having been heated to a temperature between 45.degree. C. and 70.degree. C. The mixture will dissolve a first portion of the plutonium metal but leave a portion of the plutonium in an oxide residue. Then, a mineral acid and additional fluoride are added to dissolve the residue. Alteratively, nitric acid in a concentration between approximately 0.05M and 0.067M is added to the first mixture to dissolve the residue as it is produced. Hydrogen released during the dissolution process is diluted with nitrogen.

Vest, Michael A. (Oak Park, IL); Fink, Samuel D. (Aiken, SC); Karraker, David G. (Aiken, SC); Moore, Edwin N. (Aiken, SC); Holcomb, H. Perry (North Augusta, SC)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Calorimetric Assay Of Plutonium  

SciTech Connect

This report describes procedures for applying calorimetry for the control and accounting of plutonium. These procedures will be useful in establishing a measurement program to fulfill the regulatory requirements.

Rodenburg, W. W.

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

EIS-0236-S2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplement to the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplement to S2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplement to the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0236-S2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplement to the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Stockpile and Management for a Modern Pit Facility Construction and Operation Site Location: Savannah River Site, SC; Los Alamos Site, NM; Nevada Test Site; Carlsbad Site, NM; and Pantex Site, TX and Plutonium Pit Manufacturing Capabilities Upgrading at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), NM. EIS-0236-S2; Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Impact Statements; Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplement for the Programmatic EIS-Stockpile and Management for a Modern Pit Facility (MPF) Construction and Operation (June 2003) More Documents & Publications

139

Design and Drafting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prototyping -- Desktop 3D Printing The Design & Drafting Group has an Objet30 Pro 3D printer that provides the accuracy and versatility of a high-end rapid prototyping machine...

140

NIST Cybersecurity Framework - DRAFT Framework Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DRAFT - Framework Glossary Term Draft Definition Category The logical subdivision of a function; one or more categories comprise a function. ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Plutonium Disposition Now!  

SciTech Connect

A means for use of existing processing facilities and reactors for plutonium disposition is described which requires a minimum capital investment and allows rapid implementation. The scenario includes interim storage and processing under IAEA control, and fabrication into MOX fuel in existing or planned facilities in Europe for use in operating reactors in the two home countries. Conceptual studies indicate that existing Westinghouse four-loop designs can safety dispose of 0.94 MT of plutonium per calendar year. Thus, it would be possible to consume the expected US excess stockpile of about 50 MT in two to three units of this type, and it is highly likely that a comparable amount of the FSU excess plutonium could be deposed of in a few VVER-1000`s. The only major capital project for this mode of plutonium disposition would be the weapons-grade plutonium processing which could be done in a dedicated international facility or using existing facilities in the US and FSU under IAEA control. This option offers the potential for quick implementation at a very low cost to the governments of the two countries.

Buckner, M.R.

1995-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

142

METHOD OF PRODUCING PLUTONIUM TETRAFLUORIDE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is presented for preparing plutonium tetrafluoride from plutonium(IV) oxalate. The oxalate is dried and decomposed at about 300 deg C to the dioxide, mixed with ammonium bifluoride, and the mixture is heated to between 50 and 150 deg C whereby ammonium plutonium fluoride is formed. The ammonium plutonium fluoride is then heated to about 300 deg C for volatilization of ammonium fluoride. Both heating steps are preferably carried out in an inert atmosphere.

Tolley, W.B.; Smith, R.C.

1959-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

METHOD OF MAKING PLUTONIUM DIOXIDE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is presented For converting both trivalent and tetravalent plutonium oxalate to substantially pure plutonium dioxide. The plutonium oxalate is carefully dried in the temperature range of 130 to300DEC by raising the temperature gnadually throughout this range. The temperature is then raised to 600 C in the period of about 0.3 of an hour and held at this level for about the same length of time to obtain the plutonium dioxide.

Garner, C.S.

1959-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

144

Lithium metal reduction of plutonium oxide to produce plutonium metal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for the chemical reduction of plutonium oxides to plutonium metal by the use of pure lithium metal. Lithium metal is used to reduce plutonium oxide to alpha plutonium metal (alpha-Pu). The lithium oxide by-product is reclaimed by sublimation and converted to the chloride salt, and after electrolysis, is removed as lithium metal. Zinc may be used as a solvent metal to improve thermodynamics of the reduction reaction at lower temperatures. Lithium metal reduction enables plutonium oxide reduction without the production of huge quantities of CaO--CaCl.sub.2 residues normally produced in conventional direct oxide reduction processes.

Coops, Melvin S. (Livermore, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Plutonium 239 Equivalency Calculations  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the basis for converting actual weapons grade plutonium mass to a plutonium equivalency (PuE) mass of Plutonium 239. The conversion can be accomplished by performing calculations utilizing either: (1) Isotopic conversions factors (CF{sub isotope}), or (2) 30-year-old weapons grade conversion factor (CF{sub 30 yr}) Both of these methods are provided in this document. Material mass and isotopic data are needed to calculate PuE using the isotopic conversion factors, which will provide the actual PuE value at the time of calculation. PuE is the summation of the isotopic masses times their associated isotopic conversion factors for plutonium 239. Isotopic conversion factors are calculated by a normalized equation, relative to Plutonium 239, of specific activity (SA) and cumulated dose inhalation affects based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). The isotopic conversion factors for converting weapons grade plutonium to PuE are provided in Table-1. The unit for specific activity (SA) is curies per gram (Ci/g) and the isotopic SA values come from reference [1]. The cumulated dose inhalation effect values in units of rem/Ci are based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). A person irradiated by gamma radiation outside the body will receive a dose only during the period of irradiation. However, following an intake by inhalation, some radionuclides persist in the body and irradiate the various tissues for many years. There are three groups CEDE data representing lengths of time of 0.5 (D), 50 (W) and 500 (Y) days, which are in reference [2]. The CEDE values in the (W) group demonstrates the highest dose equivalent value; therefore they are used for the calculation.

Wen, J

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Measurement of achievable plutonium decontamination from gallium by means of PUREX solvent extraction  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the work described herein was to measure, experimentally, the achievable decontamination of plutonium from gallium by means of the PUREX solvent extraction process. Gallium is present in surplus weapons-grade plutonium (WG-Pu) at a concentration of approximately 1 wt%. Plans are to dispose of surplus WG-Pu by converting it to UO{sub 2}-PuO{sub 2} mixed oxide (MOX) fuel and irradiating it in commercial power reactors. However, the presence of high concentrations of gallium in plutonium is a potential corrosion problem during the process of MOX fuel irradiation. The batch experiments performed in this study were designed to measure the capability of the PUREX solvent extraction process to separate gallium from plutonium under idealized conditions. Radioactive tracing of the gallium with {sup 72}Ga enabled the accurate measurement of low concentrations of extractable gallium. The experiments approximated the proposed flowsheet for WG-Pu purification, except that only one stage was used for each process: extraction, scrubbing, and stripping. With realistic multistage countercurrent systems, much more efficient separations are generally obtained. The gallium decontamination factor (DF) obtained after one extraction stage was about 3 x 10{sup 6}. After one scrub stage, all gallium measurements were less than the detection limit, which corresponded to DFs >5 x 10{sup 6}. All these values exceed a 10{sup 6} DF needed to meet a hypothetical 10-ppb gallium impurity limit in MOX fuel. The results of this study showed no inherent or fundamental problem with regard to removing gallium from plutonium.

Collins, E.D.; Campbell, D.O.; Felker, L.K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Plutonium microstructures. Part 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the first of three parts in which Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory metallographers exhibit a consolidated set of illustrations of inclusions that are seen in plutonium metal as a consequence of inherent and tramp impurities, alloy additions, and thermal or mechanical treatments. This part includes illustrations of nonmetallic and intermetallic inclusions characteristic of major impurity elements as an aid to identifying unknowns. It also describes historical aspects of the increased purity of laboratory plutonium samples, and it gives the composition of the etchant solutions and describes the etching procedure used in the preparation of each illustrated sample. 25 figures.

Cramer, E.M.; Bergin, J.B.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium Finishing Plant on track to meet regulatory milestone Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium Finishing Plant on track to meet regulatory milestone November 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Geoff Tyree Department of Energy Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov 509-376-4171 Dee Millikin CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company Dee_Millikin@rl.gov 509-376-1297 RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CH2M HILL) began demolishing a vault complex that once held stores of plutonium for the U.S. nuclear weapons program at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State. The vault complex is part of Hanford's Plutonium Finishing Plant, which

149

NIST Computer Security Publications - Drafts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1. DRAFT Guidelines for Smart Grid Cybersecurity: Vol. 1 - Smart Grid Cybersecurity Strategy, Architecture, and High-Level Requirements Vol. ...

150

Plutonium: An introduction  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the history and properties of plutonium. It presents information on the atoms, comparing chemical and nuclear properties. It looks at the history of the atom, including its discovery and production methods. It summarizes the metallurgy and chemistry of the element. It also describes means of detecting and measuring the presence and quantity of the element.

Condit, R.H.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Probing phonons in plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plutonium (Pu) is well known to have complex and unique physico-chemical properties [1]. Notably, the pure metal exhibits six solid-state phase transformations with large volume expansions and contractions along the way to the liquid state: {alpha} {yields} {beta} {yields} {gamma} {yields} {delta} {yields} {delta}' {yields} {var_epsilon} {yields} liquid. Unalloyed Pu melts at a relatively low temperature {approx}640 C to yield a higher density liquid than that of the solid from which it melts. Detailed understanding of the properties of plutonium and plutonium-based alloys is critical for the safe handling, utilization, and long-term storage of these important, but highly toxic materials. However, both technical and safety issues have made experimental observations extremely difficult. Phonon dispersion curves (PDCs) are key experimental data to the understanding of the basic properties of Pu materials such as: force constants, sound velocities, elastic constants, thermodynamics, phase stability, electron-phonon coupling, structural relaxation, etc. However, phonon dispersion curves (PDCs) in plutonium (Pu) and its alloys have defied measurement for the past few decades since the discovery of this element in 1941. This is due to a combination of the high thermal-neutron absorption cross section of plutonium and the inability to grow the large single crystals (with dimensions of a few millimeters) necessary for inelastic neutron scattering. Theoretical simulations of the Pu PDC continue to be hampered by the lack of suitable inter-atomic potentials. Thus, until recently the PDCs for Pu and its alloys have remained unknown experimentally and theoretically. The experimental limitations have recently been overcome by using a tightly focused undulator x-ray micro-beam scattered from single-grain domains in polycrystalline specimens. This experimental approach has been applied successfully to map the complete PDCs of an fcc {delta}-Pu-Ga alloy using the high resolution inelastic x-ray scattering (HRIXS) capability on ID28 [2].

Farber, D; Chiang, T; Krisch, M; Occelli, F; Schwartz, A; Wall, M; Xu, R; Boro, C

2003-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

152

Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Abengoa Biorefinery Project near Hugoton, Stevens County, Kansas Volume 2 - Appendices U.S. Department of Energy Golden Field Office Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy DOE/EIS-0407D September 2009 Cover photos courtesy of (left to right): Southeast Renewable Fuels, LLC DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory Public domain Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Abengoa Biorefinery Project near Hugoton, Stevens County, Kansas Volume 2 - Appendices U.S. Department of Energy Golden Field Office Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy DOE/EIS-0407D September 2009 COVER SHEET RESPONSIBLE AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) COOPERATING AGENCY: The U.S. Department of Agriculture-Rural Development is a cooperating

153

Draft Enivonmental Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dear Reader: The enclosed Draft Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Utah Coal and Biomass Fueled Pilot Plant Project, Kanab, Utah , (Draft EA-1870D) was prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in accordance with the Council on Environmental Quality's National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) implementing regulations (40 CFR Parts 1500 to 1508) and DOE NEPA implementing procedures (10 CFR Part 1021). The Draft EA evaluates the potential environmental impacts of DOE providing cost-shared funding under a cooperative agreement with Viresco Energy, LLC (Viresco) for its design, construction, and testing of a pilot-scale gasification process facility. The objective of Viresco's proposed project is to conduct a pilot- scale evaluation of the Steam Hydrogasification Reaction process to determine the technical

154

Plutonium Finishing Plant. Interim plutonium stabilization engineering study  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the results of an engineering study that evaluated the available technologies for stabilizing the plutonium stored at the Plutonium Finishing Plant located at the hanford Site in southeastern Washington. Further processing of the plutonium may be required to prepare the plutonium for interim (<50 years) storage. Specifically this document provides the current plutonium inventory and characterization, the initial screening process, and the process descriptions and flowsheets of the technologies that passed the initial screening. The conclusions and recommendations also are provided. The information contained in this report will be used to assist in the preparation of the environmental impact statement and to help decision makers determine which is the preferred technology to process the plutonium for interim storage.

Sevigny, G.J.; Gallucci, R.H.; Garrett, S.M.K.; Geeting, J.G.H.; Goheen, R.S.; Molton, P.M.; Templeton, K.J.; Villegas, A.J. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Nass, R. [Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc. (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Union Station, Tacoma, Washington : a design study for a surplus rail site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent technological changes in railroads, mergers, major shifts in urban land use patterns, and declining rail passenger travel has resulted in a surplus of urban rail lands. These lands represent a significant resource ...

Rhoads, Jeffrey David

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

MOLDS FOR CASTING PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coated mold for casting plutonium comprises a mold base portion of a material which remains solid and stable at temperatures as high as the pouring temperature of the metal to be cast and having a thin coating of the order of 0.005 inch thick on the interior thereof. The coating is composed of finely divided calcium fluoride having a particle size of about 149 microns. (AEC)

Anderson, J.W.; Miley, F.; Pritchard, W.C.

1962-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

157

PLUTONIUM-URANIUM ALLOY  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Pu-U-Fe and Pu-U-Co alloys suitable for use as fuel elements tn fast breeder reactors are described. The advantages of these alloys are ease of fabrication without microcracks, good corrosion restatance, and good resistance to radiation damage. These advantages are secured by limitation of the zeta phase of plutonium in favor of a tetragonal crystal structure of the U/sub 6/Mn type.

Coffinberry, A.S.; Schonfeld, F.W.

1959-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Manufacturing of Plutonium Tensile Specimens  

SciTech Connect

Details workflow conducted to manufacture high density alpha Plutonium tensile specimens to support Los Alamos National Laboratory's science campaigns. Introduces topics including the metallurgical challenge of Plutonium and the use of high performance super-computing to drive design. Addresses the utilization of Abaqus finite element analysis, programmable computer numerical controlled (CNC) machining, as well as glove box ergonomics and safety in order to design a process that will yield high quality Plutonium tensile specimens.

Knapp, Cameron M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

PROCESS OF PRODUCING SHAPED PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is presented for producing and casting high purity plutonium metal in one step from plutonium tetrafluoride. The process comprises heating a mixture of the plutonium tetrafluoride with calcium while the mixture is in contact with and defined as to shape by a material obtained by firing a mixture consisting of calcium oxide and from 2 to 10% by its weight of calcium fluoride at from 1260 to 1370 deg C.

Anicetti, R.J.

1959-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

160

Fluid Flow and Solidification Simulation of Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unalloyed plutonium, which passes through six solid-solid phase transitions as it cools ... Additional complications are the expansion of molten plutonium upon ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

METHOD FOR OBTAINING PLUTONIUM METAL AND ALLOYS OF PLUTONIUM FROM PLUTONIUM TRICHLORIDE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is given for both reducing plutonium trichloride to plutonium metal using cerium as the reductant and simultaneously alloying such plutonium metal with an excess of cerium or cerium and cobalt sufficient to yield the desired nuclear reactor fuel composition. The process is conducted at a temperature from about 550 to 775 deg C, at atmospheric pressure, without the use of booster reactants, and a substantial decontamination is effected in the product alloy of any rare earths which may be associated with the source of the plutonium. (AEC)

Reavis, J.G.; Leary, J.A.; Maraman, W.J.

1962-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

162

Dampers for Natural Draft Heaters: Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vented natural-draft gas-fired storage water heater. Thevented natural?draft gas?fired storage water heater. Thevented natural?draft gas?fired storage water heater. The

Lutz, James D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Transmutation facility for weapons-grade plutonium disposition based on a tokamak fusion neutron source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is suggested that weapons-grade plutonium could be processed through a transmutation facility to build up sufficient actinide and fission product inventories to serve as a deterrent to diversion or theft during subsequent storage, pending eventual use as fuel in commercial nuclear reactors. A transmutation facility consisting of a tokamak fusion neutron source surrounded by fuel assemblies containing the weapons-grade plutonium in the form of PuO{sub 2} pebbles in a lithium slurry is investigated. A design concept/operation scenario is developed for a facility that would be able to transmute the world`s estimated surplus inventory of weapons-grade plutonium to 11% {sup 240}Pu concentration in nearly 25 yr. The fusion neutron source would be based on plasma physics and plasma support technology being qualified in ongoing research and development (R&D) programs, and the plutonium fuel would be based on existing technology. A new R&D program would be required to qualify a refractory metal alloy structural material that would be needed to handle the high heat fluxes; otherwise, extensions of existing technologies and acceleration of existing R&D programs would seem to be adequate to qualify all required technologies. Such a facility might feasibly be deployed in 20 to 30 yr, or sooner with a crash program. 49 refs., 5 figs., 13 tabs.

Stacey, W.M.; Pilger, B.L.; Mowrey, J.A. [Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)] [and others

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Optimization and implementation study of plutonium disposition using existing CANDU Reactors. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Since early 1994, the Department of Energy has been sponsoring studies aimed at evaluating the merits of disposing of surplus US weapons plutonium as Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel in existing commercial Canadian Pressurized Heavy Water reactors, known as CANDU`s. The first report, submitted to DOE in July, 1994 (the 1994 Executive Summary is attached), identified practical and safe options for the consumption of 50 to 100 tons of plutonium in 25 years in some of the existing CANDU reactors operating the Bruce A generating station, on Lake Huron, about 300 km north east of Detroit. By designing the fuel and nuclear performance to operate within existing experience and operating/performance envelope, and by utilizing existing fuel fabrication and transportation facilities and methods, a low cost, low risk method for long term plutonium disposition was developed. In December, 1995, in response to evolving Mission Requirements, the DOE requested a further study of the CANDU option with emphasis on more rapid disposition of the plutonium, and retaining the early start and low risk features of the earlier work. This report is the result of that additional work.

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

METHOD OF REDUCING PLUTONIUM COMPOUNDS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for reducing plutonium compounds in aqueous solution from a higher to a lower valence state. This reduction of valence is achieved by treating the aqueous solution of higher valence plutonium compounds with hydrogen in contact with an activated platinum catalyst.

Johns, I.B.

1958-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Photochemical preparation of plutonium pentafluoride  

SciTech Connect

The novel compound plutonium pentafluoride may be prepared by the photodissociation of gaseous plutonium hexafluoride. It is a white solid of low vapor pressure, which consists predominantly of a face-centered cubic structure with a.sub.o =4.2709.+-.0.0005 .ANG..

Rabideau, Sherman W. (Los Alamos, NM); Campbell, George M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

PREPARATION OF HALIDES OF PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A dry chemical method is described for preparing plutonium halides, which consists in contacting plutonyl nitrate with dry gaseous HCl or HF at an elevated temperature. The addition to the reaction gas of a small quantity of an oxidizing gas or a reducing gas will cause formation of the tetra- or tri-halide of plutonium as desired.

Garner, C.S.; Johns, I.B.

1958-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

PLUTONIUM-CERIUM-COPPER ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low melting point plutonium alloy useful as fuel is a homogeneous liquid metal fueled nuclear reactor is described. Vessels of tungsten or tantalum are useful to contain the alloy which consists essentially of from 10 to 30 atomic per cent copper and the balance plutonium and cerium. with the plutontum not in excess of 50 atomic per cent.

Coffinberry, A.S.

1959-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

169

DUF6 Draft EIS Public Hearing Transcripts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Depleted UF6 Draft EIS Public Hearing Transcripts Transcripts from the DUF6 Conversion Draft EIS Public Hearings The following transcripts are from the DUF6 Conversion...

170

Draft Advanced Fossil Solicitation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Fossil Solicitation Federal loan guarantee solicitation announcement -- Advanced Fossil Energy Projects. Microsoft Word - Draft Advanced Fossil Solicitation Final Draft.1...

171

Design and Drafting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Email Portal (Zimbra)* Email Portal (Zimbra)* * Operations Logbook* * Project Proposal System* * ICMS * Safety and Training * ANL ESQ Training * APS Phone Directory * Resources & Information* * Internal link Design and Drafting Group The Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory is a national synchrotron-radiation research facility funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. Using high-brilliance x-ray beams from the APS, an international community of scientists conducts forefront basic and applied research in the fields of material science, biological science, physics, chemistry, environmental, geophysical and planetary science. The AES Design and Drafting Group supports the ASD and AES divisions' continued improvement of the accelerator as well as the scientific

172

Draft Genome Sequence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Draft Draft Genome Sequence of Serratia sp. Strain ATCC 39006, a Model Bacterium for Analysis of the Biosynthesis and Regulation of Prodigiosin, a Carbapenem, and Gas Vesicles Peter C. Fineran, a Marina C. Iglesias Cans, a Joshua P. Ramsay, b Nabil M. Wilf, b Desiree Cossyleon, a Matthew B. McNeil, a Neil R. Williamson, b Rita E. Monson, b S. Anette Becher, c Jo-Ann L. Stanton, d Kim Brügger, e Steven D. Brown, f George P. C. Salmond b Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand a ; Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom b ; AgResearch Ltd., Invermay Agricultural Centre, Mosgiel, New Zealand c ; Department of Anatomy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand d ; EASIH, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom e ; Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge,

173

LANL | Physics | Dynamic Plutonium Experiments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic plutonium experiments Dynamic plutonium experiments Since the end of nuclear testing the nation has had to rely on sophisticated computer models to ensure the safety and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile. This program is known as science-based stockpile stewardship. Despite possessing the world's fastest computers and most advanced modeling capability, the behavior of materials under dynamic loads that occur in a nuclear weapon are difficult to accurately model. The Dynamic Plutonium experimental program carries out experiments at the Nevada National Security Site on plutonium driven by high explosives. These experiments are needed to measure and understand the behavior of plutonium under extreme conditions. Physics Division has unique capabilities in high-speed x-ray imaging and velocimetry (measuring the

174

Complexation of Plutonium (IV) with Fluoride at Variable Tempeartures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Neptunium and Plutonium. Edited by OECD Nuclear EnergyComplexation of Plutonium(IV) with Fluoride at Variablehigher temperatures. Key Words: Plutonium (IV) / Fluoride /

Moore, Dean A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

STAFF DRAFT GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT POWER SOURCE DISCLOSURE PROGRAM PRERULEMAKING DRAFT REGULATIONS SECOND DRAFT APRIL 2011 CEC3002011003SD #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Lorraine Gonzalez Staff members of the California Energy Commission prepared this report. As such, it does not necessarily

176

Probing phonons in plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plutonium (Pu) is well known to have complex and unique physico-chemical properties. Notably, the pure metal exhibits six solid-state phase transformations with large volume expansions and contractions along the way to the liquid state: {alpha} {yields} {beta} {yields} {gamma} {yields} {delta} {yields} {delta}{prime} {yields} {var_epsilon} {yields} liquid. Unalloyed Pu melts at a relatively low temperature {approx}640 C to yield a higher density liquid than that of the solid from which it melts, (Figure 1). Detailed understanding of the properties of plutonium and plutonium-based alloys is critical for the safe handling, utilization, and long-term storage of these important, but highly toxic materials. However, both technical and and safety issues have made experimental observations extremely difficult. Phonon dispersion curves (PDCs) are key experimenta l data to the understanding of the basic properties of Pu materials such as: force constants, sound velocities, elastic constants, thermodynamics, phase stability, electron-phonon coupling, structural relaxation, etc. However, phonon dispersion curves (PDCs) in plutonium (Pu) and its alloys have defied measurement for the past few decades since the discovery of this element in 1941. This is due to a combination of the high thermal-neutron absorption cross section of plutonium and the inability to grow the large single crystals (with dimensions of a few millimeters) necessary for inelastic neutron scattering. Theoretical simulations of the Pu PDC continue to be hampered by the lack of suitable inter -atomic potentials. Thus, until recently the PDCs for Pu and its alloys have remained unknown experimentally and theoretically. The experimental limitations have recently been overcome by using a tightly focused undulator x-ray micro-beam scattered from single -grain domains in polycrystalline specimens. This experimental approach has been applied successfully to map the complete PDCs of an fcc d-Pu-Ga alloy using the high resolution inelastic x-ray scattering (HRIXS) capability on ID28. The complete PDCs for an fcc Pu-0.6 wt% Ga alloy are plotted in Figure 2, and represent the first full set of phonon dispersions ever determined for any Pu-bearing materials. The solid curves (red) are calculated using a standard Born-von Karman (B-vK) force constant model. An adequate fit to the experimental data is obtained if interactions up to the fourth-nearest neighbours are included. The dashed curves (blue) are recent dynamical mean field theory (DMFT) results by Dai et al. The elastic moduli calculated from the slopes of the experimental phonon dispersion curves near the {Lambda} point are: C{sub 11} = 35.3 {+-} 1.4 GPa, C{sub 12} = 25.5 {+-} 1.5 GPa and C{sub 44} = 30.53 {+-} 1.1 GPa. These values are in excellent agreement with those of the only other measurement on a similar alloy (1 wt % Ga) using ultrasonic techniques as well as with those recently calculated from a combined DMFT and linear response theory for pure {delta}-Pu. Several unusual features, including a large elastic anisotropy, a small shear elastic modulus C{prime}, a Kohn-like anomaly in the T{sub 1}[011] branch, and a pronounced softening of the [111] transverse modes are found. These features can be related to the phase transitions of plutonium and to strong coupling between the lattice structure and the 5f valence instabilities. The HRIXS results also provide a critical test for theoretical treatments of highly correlated 5f electron systems as exemplified by recent dynamical mean field theory (DMFT) calculations for {delta}-plutonium. The experimental-theoretical agreements shown in Figure 2 in terms of a low shear elastic modulus C{prime}, a Kohn-like anomaly in the T{sub 1}[011] branch, and a large softening of the T[111] modes give credence to the DMFT approach for the theoretical treatment of 5f electron systems of which {delta}-Pu is a classic example. However, quantitative differences remain. These are the position of the Kohn anomaly along the T{sub 1}[011] branch, the energy maximum of the T[111] mode s

Wong, Joe; Krisch, M.; Farber, D.; Occelli, F.; Schwartz, A.; Chiang, T.C.; Wall, M.; Boro, C.; Xu, Ruqing (UIUC); (LLNL); (ESRF); (LANL)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

177

PLUTONIUM-HYDROGEN REACTION PRODUCT, METHOD OF PREPARING SAME AND PLUTONIUM POWDER THEREFROM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for forming plutonlum hydride powder by reacting hydrogen with massive plutonium metal at room temperature and the product obtained. The plutonium hydride powder can be converted to plutonium powder by heating to above 200 deg C.

Fried, S.; Baumbach, H.L.

1959-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Pyrochemical separations chemistry of plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recovery and purification of plutonium involves interesting chemistry. Currently in use are several high temperature processes based on redox reactions. These processes include direct oxide reduction which uses calcium to reduce the oxide to the free metal and electrorefining which is used as a final purification step. The chemical research group at Rocky Flats is currently investigating the use of an aluminum/magnesium alloy to remove the ionic plutonium from the salts used in the above named processes. The results of this study along with an overview of pyrochemical plutonium processing chemistry will be presented.

Bynum, R.V.; Navratil, J.D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESS FOR PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The separation of plutonium from aqueous inorganic acid solutions by the use of a water immiscible organic extractant liquid is described. The plutonium must be in the oxidized state, and the solvents covered by the patent include nitromethane, nitroethane, nitropropane, and nitrobenzene. The use of a salting out agents such as ammonium nitrate in the case of an aqueous nitric acid solution is advantageous. After contacting the aqueous solution with the organic extractant, the resulting extract and raffinate phases are separated. The plutonium may be recovered by any suitable method.

Seaborg, G.T.

1959-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

180

HSS Work Group Telecom (Draft Charters) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Meeting SummaryActionsParticipants Draft Proposed Charter Template Draft Work Group Matrix Draft Work Group Guidance More Documents & Publications HSS Focus Group Meeting...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

TERNARY ALLOY-CONTAINING PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ternary alloys of uranium and plutonium containing as the third element either molybdenum or zirconium are reported. Such alloys are particularly useful as reactor fuels in fast breeder reactors. The alloy contains from 2 to 25 at.% of molybdenum or zirconium, the balance being a combination of uranium and plutonium in the ratio of from 1 to 9 atoms of uranlum for each atom of plutonium. These alloys are prepared by melting the constituent elements, treating them at an elevated temperature for homogenization, and cooling them to room temperature, the rate of cooling varying with the oomposition and the desired phase structure. The preferred embodiment contains 12 to 25 at.% of molybdenum and is treated by quenching to obtain a body centered cubic crystal structure. The most important advantage of these alloys over prior binary alloys of both plutonium and uranium is the lack of cracking during casting and their ready machinability.

Waber, J.T.

1960-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

182

Chloride removal from plutonium alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SRP is evaluating a program to recover plutonium from a metallic alloy that will contain chloride salt impurities. Removal of chloride to sufficiently low levels to prevent damaging corrosion to canyon equipment is feasible as a head-end step following dissolution. Silver nitrate and mercurous nitrate were each successfully used in laboratory tests to remove chloride from simulated alloy dissolver solution containing plutonium. Levels less than 10 ppM chloride were achieved in the supernates over the precipitated and centrifuged insoluble salts. Also, less than 0.05% loss of plutonium in the +3, +4, or +6 oxidation states was incurred via precipitate carrying. These results provide impetus for further study and development of a plant-scale process to recover plutonium from metal alloy at SRP.

Holcomb, H.P.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

METHOD OF PREPARING PLUTONIUM TETRAFLUORIDE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

C rystalline plutonium tetrafluoride is precipitated from aqueous up to 1.6 N mineral acid solutions of a plutorium (IV) salt with fluosilicic acid anions, preferably at room temperature. Hydrogen fluoride naay be added after precipitation to convert any plutonium fluosilicate to the tetrafluoride and any silica to fluosilicic acid. This process results in a purer product, especially as to iron and aluminum, than does the precipitation by the addition of hydrogen fluoride.

Beede, R.L.; Hopkins, H.H. Jr.

1959-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

184

IODATE METHOD FOR PURIFYING PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is presented for removing radioactive fission products from aqueous solutions containing such fission products together with plutonium. This is accomplished by incorporating into such solutions a metal iodate precipitate to remove fission products which form insoluble iodates. Suitable metal iodates are those of thorium and cerium. The plutonium must be in the hexavalent state and the pH of the solution must be manintained at less than 2.

Stoughton, R.W.; Duffield, R.B.

1958-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

185

Plutonium Disposition Program | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Plutonium Disposition Program Plutonium Disposition Program Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nonproliferation > Fissile Materials Disposition > Plutonium Disposition Program Plutonium Disposition Program The U.S.-Russia Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement (PMDA), which entered into force on July 13, 2011, commits each country to dispose of at least 34 metric tons (MT) of weapon-grade plutonium withdrawn from their respective nuclear weapon programs. The U.S. remains firmly committed to its PMDA obligation to dispose of excess weapons plutonium. U.S. Plutonium Disposition The current U.S. plan to dispose of 34 MT of weapon-grade plutonium is to fabricate it into Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel and irradiate it in existing light water reactors. This approach requires construction of new facilities

186

TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities TA-55 supports a wide range of national security programs that involve stockpile stewardship, plutonium processing, nuclear materials stabilization, materials disposition, nuclear forensics, nuclear counter-terrorism, and nuclear energy. ...the only fully operational, full capability plutonium facility in the nation. National Security At the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), virtually all plutonium operations occur within the Plutonium Facility at Technical Area 55 (TA-55). TA-55 is the nation's most modern plutonium science and manufacturing facility, and it is the only fully operational, full capability plutonium facility in the nation. Thus, TA-55 supports a wide

187

The Effects of an Increasing Surplus of Energy Generating Capability in the Pacific Northwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the 1977 Clean Water Act, excess energy could be released as water over dam spillways. In more recent yearsThe Effects of an Increasing Surplus of Energy Generating Capability in the Pacific Northwest storage capacity, gave way to a mix of hydro and thermal resources. In recent years, financial incentives

188

Screening study for evaluation of the potential for system 80+ to consume excess plutonium - Volume 2. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the U.S. effort to evaluate technologies offering solutions for the safe disposal or utilization of surplus nuclear materials, the fiscal year 1993 Energy and Water Appropriations legislation provided the Department of Energy (DOE) the necessary funds to conduct multi-phased studies to determine the technical feasibility of using reactor technologies for the triple mission of burning weapons grade plutonium, producing tritium for the existing smaller weapons stockpile, and generating commercial electricity. DOE limited the studies to five advanced reactor designs. Among the technologies selected is the ABB-Combustion Engineering (ABB-CE) System 80+. The DOE study, currently in Phase ID, is proceeding with a more detailed evaluation of the design`s capability for plutonium disposition.

Not Available

1994-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

189

Design and Drafting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design & Drafting Work Request Form Design & Drafting Work Request Form Please complete and submit the following form to request service from the AES/D&D Group Please fill out this form as complete as possible. Please do not use any special characters such as / or \ use a dash -. Project Name: Project Division is for: AES ASD XSD BEAMLINE APS APS-Upgrade LCLS NSLS-II Specify the APS Division the Project will be built for. WBS: Requesting Engineer: Last Name First Name Requesters Badge Number: Requesters Phone: E-mail: @aps.anl.gov Requesters Group: AES-ADM AES-BC AES-BSC AES-CF AES-CS AES-CTL AES-DD AES-IS AES-IT AES-MED AES-MIS AES-MOM AES-PRO AES-SA AES-SI AES-UES ASD-ADM ASD-AP ASD-DIA ASD-IAG ASD-MD ASD-OA ASD-PS ASD-RF LCLS USR-APS XSD-ADM XSD-BTS XSD-CEP XSD-IXN XSD-MC XSD-MM XSD-OFM XSD-TRR XSD-UAS XSD-XMI XSD-XOR

190

Commercial nuclear fuel from U.S. and Russian surplus defense inventories: Materials, policies, and market effects  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear materials declared by the US and Russian governments as surplus to defense programs are being converted into fuel for commercial nuclear reactors. This report presents the results of an analysis estimating the market effects that would likely result from current plans to commercialize surplus defense inventories. The analysis focuses on two key issues: (1) the extent by which traditional sources of supply, such as production from uranium mines and enrichment plants, would be displaced by the commercialization of surplus defense inventories or, conversely, would be required in the event of disruptions to planned commercialization, and (2) the future price of uranium considering the potential availability of surplus defense inventories. Finally, the report provides an estimate of the savings in uranium procurement costs that could be realized by US nuclear power generating companies with access to competitively priced uranium supplied from surplus defense inventories.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

METATHESIS OF PLUTONIUM CARRIER LANTHANUM FLUORIDE PRECIPITATE WITH AN ALKALI  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A plutonium fluoride precipitate is converted to plutonium hydroxide by digesting the precipitate with an aqueous alkali metal hydroxide solution.

Duffield, R.B.

1960-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Draft Supplemental Environmental Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Al Al b any, OR * Mo rg antow n , WV * Pitt, bu rg h , PA August 12, 20 II Dear Reader: The enclosed document, Draft Supplemental Environmental Assessment for General Motors LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative (supplemental EA; DOElEA- I 723S), was prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in accordance with the Council on Environmental Quality's National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) implementing regulations (40 CFR Parts 1500 to 1508) and DOE NEPA implementing procedures (10 CFR Part 1021). DOE prepared this supplemental EA to evaluate the potential environmental consequences of providing financial assistance under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act; Public Law 111-5, 123 Stat. liS) to General Motors Limited Liability Company (GM) for its proposed project

193

Draft Environmental Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment Environmental Assessment for the GILA-NORTH GILA TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD AND UPGRADE PROJECT (DOE/EA-1948) December 2013 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration, Desert Southwest Region Prepared by Cooperating Agencies U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Yuma Area Office U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District DRAFT Gila to North Gila Transmission Line Rebuild and Upgrade Project Environmental Assessment Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration Desert Southwest Region Cooperating Agencies: U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Yuma Area Office U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Los Angeles District Prepared by: December 2013 Gila to North Gila Transmission Line Rebuild and Upgrade Project

194

Plutonium and americium separation from salts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Salts or materials containing plutonium and americium are dissolved in hydrochloric acid, heated, and contacted with an alkali metal carbonate solution to precipitate plutonium and americium carbonates which are thereafter readily separable from the solution.

Hagan, Paul G. (Northglenn, CO); Miner, Frend J. (Boulder, CO)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944 - 2009  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

ii Preface This report updates Plutonium: The first 50 years which was released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1996. The topic of both reports is plutonium, sometimes...

196

Framework Draft for Networked Appliances using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at

S. Moyer; D. Marples; S. Tsang; J. Katz; P. Gurung; T. Cheng; A. Dutta; H. Schulzrinne

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Zone refining of plutonium metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to investigate zone refining techniques for the purification of plutonium metal. The redistribution of 10 impurity elements from zone melting was examined. Four tantalum boats were loaded with plutonium impurity alloy, placed in a vacuum furnace, heated to 700{degrees}C, and held at temperature for one hour. Ten passes were made with each boat. Metallographic and chemical analyses performed on the plutonium rods showed that, after 10 passes, moderate movement of certain elements were achieved. Molten zone speeds of 1 or 2 inches per hour had no effect on impurity element movement. Likewise, the application of constant or variable power had no effect on impurity movement. The study implies that development of a zone refining process to purify plutonium is feasible. Development of a process will be hampered by two factors: (1) the effect on impurity element redistribution of the oxide layer formed on the exposed surface of the material is not understood, and (2) the tantalum container material is not inert in the presence of plutonium. Cold boat studies are planned, with higher temperature and vacuum levels, to determine the effect on these factors. 5 refs., 1 tab., 5 figs.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

System specification/system design document comment review: Plutonium Stabilization and Packaging System. Notes of conference  

SciTech Connect

A meeting was held between DOE personnel and the BNFL team to review the proposed resolutions to DOE comments on the initial issue of the system specification and system design document for the Plutonium Stabilization and Packaging System. The objectives of this project are to design, fabricate, install, and start up a glovebox system for the safe repackaging of plutonium oxide and metal, with a requirement of a 50-year storage period. The areas discussed at the meeting were: nitrogen in can; moisture instrumentation; glovebox atmosphere; can marking-bar coding; weld quality; NFPA-101 references; inner can swabbing; ultimate storage environment; throughput; convenience can screw-top design; furnace/trays; authorization basis; compactor safety; schedule for DOE review actions; fire protection; criticality safety; applicable standards; approach to MC and A; homogeneous oxide; resistance welder power; and tray overfill. Revised resolutions were drafted and are presented.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Seversk Plutonium Production Elimination Project (SPPEP) | National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seversk Plutonium Production Elimination Project (SPPEP) | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear...

200

Design and fabrication of SGS plutonium standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes our experience of fabricating four sets of plutonium segmented gamma scanner (SGS) can standards. The fabrication involves careful planning, meticulous execution in weighing the plutonium oxide while minimizing contamination, chemical analyses by three different national laboratories to get accurate and independent plutonium concentrations, vertical scanning to assure mixing of the plutonium and the diluent, and finally the nondestructive verification measurement. By following these steps, we successfully fabricated 4 sets or 20 SGS can standards. 4 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Hsue, S.T.; Simmonds, S.M.; Longmire, V.L.; Long, S.M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

PROCESS OF SEPARATING PLUTONIUM FROM URANIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is presented for recovering plutonium values from aqueous solutions. It comprises forming a uranous hydroxide precipitate in such a plutonium bearing solution, at a pH of at least 5. The plutonium values are precipitated with and carried by the uranium hydroxide. The carrier precipitate is then redissolved in acid solution and the pH is adjusted to about 2.5, causing precipitation of the uranous hydroxide but leaving the still soluble plutonium values in solution.

Brown, H.S.; Hill, O.F.

1958-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Zheleznogorsk Plutonium Production Elimination Project (ZPPEP...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Zheleznogorsk Plutonium Production Elimination Project (ZPPEP) | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

203

Plutonium-the element of surprise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plutonium c6n never be very large becauserheinsolubilityol Pu(OH)lsels Lrnls on the concentrallonof evenPlutonium-the element of surprise G.R.ChoppinandB.E.Stout This year marked the soth annivrsary ol the original isolation o{ plutonium, making ita relativenewcomerto the PeriodicTable.Ovrthe past 50 years

Short, Daniel

204

The occurrence of plutonium in nature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Energy S e r i e s , Plutonium P r o j e c t Record,Nuclear Energy S e r i e s , Plutonium P r o j e c t Record,Laboratory THE OCCURRENCE OF PLUTONIUM IN NATUIRE Charles A.

Levine, Charles A.; Seaborg, Glenn T.

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Surplus Facilities Management Program (SFMP) Contract No. DE-AC05-810R20722  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

'^ l '"17 '^ l '"17 ^' ~/t~ >7~ 6~'1 ~DOE/OR/20722-18 Surplus Facilities Management Program (SFMP) Contract No. DE-AC05-810R20722 NIAGARA FALLS STORAGE SITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT Calendar Year 1983 July 1984 Bechtel National, Inc. Advanced Technology Division DOE/OR/20722-18 NIAGARA FALLS STORAGE SITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT CALENDAR YEAR 1983 July 1984 Prepared for U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OAK RIDGE OPERATIONS OFFICE Under Contract No. DE-AC05-810R20722 By Bechtel National, Inc. Advanced Technology Division Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 Bechtel Job No. 14501 *4:F~~~~ ^ABSTRACT During 1983, an environmental monitoring program was continued at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, a United States Department of Energy (DOE) surplus facility located in Niagara County, New York presently

206

Disposition and transportation of surplus radioactive low specific activity nitric acid. Volume 1, Environmental Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DOE is deactivating the PUREX plant at Hanford; this will involve the disposition of about 692,000 liters (183,000 gallons) of surplus nitric acid contaminated with low levels of U and other radionuclides. The nitric acid, designated as low specific activity, is stored in 4 storage tanks at PUREX. Five principal alternatives were evaluated: transfer for reuse (sale to BNF plc), no action, continued storage in Hanford upgraded or new facility, consolidation of DOE surplus acid, and processing the LSA nitric acid as waste. The transfer to BNF plc is the preferred alternative. From the analysis, it is concluded that the proposed disposition and transportation of the acid does not constitute a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of NEPA; therefore an environmental impact statement is not required.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Dehydration of plutonium trichloride hydrate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of preparing anhydrous actinide metal trichlorides of plutonium or neptunium by reacting an aqueous solution of an actinide metal trichloride selected from the group consisting of plutonium trichloride or neptunium trichloride with a reducing agent capable of converting the actinide metal from an oxidation state of +4 to +3 in a resultant solution, evaporating essentially all the solvent from the resultant solution to yield an actinide trichloride hydrate material, dehydrating the actinide trichloride hydrate material by heating the material in admixture with excess thionyl chloride, and recovering anhydrous actinide trichloride is provided.

Foropoulos, J. Jr.; Avens, L.R.; Trujillo, E.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

208

Plutonium stabilization and packaging system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes the functional design of the Plutonium Stabilization and Packaging System (Pu SPS). The objective of this system is to stabilize and package plutonium metals and oxides of greater than 50% wt, as well as other selected isotopes, in accordance with the requirements of the DOE standard for safe storage of these materials for 50 years. This system will support completion of stabilization and packaging campaigns of the inventory at a number of affected sites before the year 2002. The package will be standard for all sites and will provide a minimum of two uncontaminated, organics free confinement barriers for the packaged material.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

San Luis Rio Colorado Project Draft EIS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft EIS Draft EIS i CONTENTS Acronyms and Abbreviations ........................................................................................................ xi S Summary ................................................................................................................................. I S.1 Purpose and Need for Agency Action ............................................................................II S.2 Applicants' Purpose and Goals..................................................................................... III S.3 Public Participation....................................................................................................... IV S.4 Alternatives ................................................................................................................

210

On The {\\it Fermi} -Lat Surplus of the Diffuse Galactic Gamma-Ray Emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent observations of the diffuse Galactic \\gr emission (DGE) by the {\\it Fermi} Large Area Telescope ({\\it Fermi}-LAT) have shown significant deviations, above a few GeV until about 100 GeV, from DGE models that use the GALPROP code for the propagation of cosmic ray (CR) particles outside their sources in the Galaxy and their interaction with the target distributions of the interstellar gas and radiation fields. The surplus of radiation observed is most pronounced in the inner Galaxy, where the concentration of CR sources is strongest. The present study investigates this "{\\it Fermi}-LAT Galactic Plane Surplus" by estimating the \\gr emission from the sources themselves, which is disregarded in the above DGE models. It is shown that indeed the expected hard spectrum of CRs, still confined in their sources (SCRs), can explain this surplus. The method is based on earlier studies regarding the so-called EGRET GeV excess which by now is generally interpreted as an instrumental effect. The contribution from SCRs ...

Voelk, Heinrich J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

PROCESS FOR SEPARATING PLUTONIUM FROM IMPURITIES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for separating plutonium from aqueous solutions containing uranium. It has been found that if the plutonium is reduced to its 3+ valence state, and the uranium present is left in its higher valence state, then the differences in solubility between certain salts (e.g., oxalates) of the trivalent plutonium and the hexavalent uranium can be used to separate the metals. This selective reduction of plutonium is accomplished by adding iodide ion to the solution, since iodide possesses an oxidation potential sufficient to reduce plutonium but not sufficient to reduce uranium.

Wahl, A.C.

1957-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

212

PLUTONIUM COMPOUNDS AND PROCESS FOR THEIR PREPARATION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to certain new compounds of plutonium, and to the utilization of these compounds to effect purification or separation of the plutonium. The compounds are organic chelate compounds consisting of tetravalent plutonium together with a di(salicylal) alkylenediimine. These chelates are soluble in various organic solvents, but not in water. Use is made of this property in extracting the plutonium by contacting an aqueous solution thereof with an organic solution of the diimine. The plutonium is chelated, extracted and effectively separated from any impurities accompaying it in the aqueous phase.

Wolter, F.J.; Diehl, H.C. Jr.

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Method of separating thorium from plutonium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of chemically separating plutonium from thorium. Plutonium and thorium to be separated are dissolved in an aqueous feed solution, preferably as the nitrate salts. The feed solution is acidified and sodium nitrite is added to the solution to adjust the valence of the plutonium to the +4 state. A chloride salt, preferably sodium chloride, is then added to the solution to induce formation of an anionic plutonium chloride complex. The anionic plutonium chloride complex and the thorium in solution are then separated by ion exchange on a strong base anion exchange column.

Clifton, David G. (Los Alamos, NM); Blum, Thomas W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Method of separating thorium from plutonium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for chemically separating plutonium from thorium. Plutonium and thorium to be separated are dissolved in an aqueous feed solution, preferably as the nitrate salts. The feed solution is acidified and sodium nitrite is added to the solution to adjust the valence of the plutonium to the +4 state. A chloride salt, preferably sodium chloride, is then added to the solution to induce formation of an anionic plutonium chloride complex. The anionic plutonium chloride complex and the thorium in solution are then separated by ion exchange on a strong base anion exchange column.

Clifton, D.G.; Blum, T.W.

1984-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

215

DRAFT Outline - Preliminary Framework to Reduce Cyber ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. 1 DRAFT Outline - Preliminary Framework to Reduce Cyber Risks to Critical Infrastructure, July 1, 2013 NOTES ...

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

216

Renewable Energy Annual DRAFT - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

and for biofuel production. DRAFT. EIA-22M, Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey Page 7 Permanently Ceased Operations (operating status): ...

217

Draft Supplemental Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

at a new location that had not previously been associated with plutonium or plutonium-bearing waste operations. Many DOE sites did not satisfy the gono-go criteria and were...

218

DOE/EIS-0240-SA-1: Supplement Analysis for the Disposition of Surplus Highly Enriched Uranium (October 2007)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0-SA1 0-SA1 SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS DISPOSITION OF SURPLUS HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM October 2007 U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Fissile Materials Disposition Washington, D.C. i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Introduction and Purpose .................................................................................................................1 2.0 Background......................................................................................................................................1 2.1 Scope of the HEU EIS............................................................................................................ 2 2.2 Status of Surplus HEU Disposition Activities .......................................................................

219

Multi-generational stewardship of plutonium  

SciTech Connect

The post-cold war era has greatly enhanced the interest in the long-term stewardship of plutonium. The management of excess plutonium from proposed nuclear weapons dismantlement has been the subject of numerous intellectual discussions during the past several years. In this context, issues relevant to long-term management of all plutonium as a valuable energy resource are also being examined. While there are differing views about the future role of plutonium in the economy, there is a recognition of the environmental and health related problems and proliferation potentials of weapons-grade plutonium. The long-term management of plutonium as an energy resource will require a new strategy to maintain stewardship for many generations to come.

Pillay, K.K.S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Nuclear Materials Technology Div.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

SEPARATION OF PLUTONIUM HYDROXIDE FROM BISMUTH HYDROXIDE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An tmproved method is described for separating plutonium hydroxide from bismuth hydroxide. The end product of the bismuth phosphate processes for the separation amd concentration of plutonium is a inixture of bismuth hydroxide amd plutonium hydroxide. It has been found that these compounds can be advantageously separated by treatment with a reducing agent having a potential sufficient to reduce bismuth hydroxide to metalltc bisinuth but not sufficient to reduce the plutonium present. The resulting mixture of metallic bismuth and plutonium hydroxide can then be separated by treatment with a material which will dissolve plutonium hydroxide but not metallic bismuth. Sodiunn stannite is mentioned as a preferred reducing agent, and dilute nitric acid may be used as the separatory solvent.

Watt, G.W.

1958-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Air transport of plutonium metal : content expansion initiative for the Plutonium Air Transportable (PAT-1) packaging.  

SciTech Connect

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has submitted an application to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for the air shipment of plutonium metal within the Plutonium Air Transportable (PAT-1) packaging. The PAT-1 packaging is currently authorized for the air transport of plutonium oxide in solid form only. The INMM presentation will provide a limited overview of the scope of the plutonium metal initiative and provide a status of the NNSA application to the NRC.

Mann, Paul T. (National Nuclear Security Administration); Caviness, Michael L. (Los Alamos National Laboratory); Yoshimura, Richard Hiroyuki

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Air transport of plutonium metal: content expansion initiative for the plutonium air transportable (PAT01) packaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has submitted an application to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for the air shipment of plutonium metal within the Plutonium Air Transportable (PAT-1) packaging. The PAT-1 packaging is currently authorized for the air transport of plutonium oxide in solid form only. The INMM presentation will provide a limited overview of the scope of the plutonium metal initiative and provide a status of the NNSA application to the NRC.

Caviness, Michael L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mann, Paul T [NNSA/ALBUQUERQUE; Yoshimura, Richard H [SNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

What is Plutonium? - Fact Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a critical step toward solving the nation's nuclear waste disposal problem a critical step toward solving the nation's nuclear waste disposal problem What Is Plutonium? Plu-to-ni-um n. Symbol Pu (plÇÇ-tÇ'n‘-bm) A radioactive, silvery, metallic transuranic element, produced artificially by neutron bombardment of uranium, having 15 isotopes with masses ranging from 232 to 246 and half- lives from 20 minutes to 76 million years. It is a radiological poison, specifically absorbed by bone marrow, and is used, especially the highly fissionable isotope Pu239, as a reactor fuel and in nuclear weapons. The American Heritage Dictionary, Second College Edition The U.S. Department of Energy's Carlsbad Field Office is responsible for the management, transportation, and permanent disposal of large amounts of the transuranic wastes left over from both World War II and the

224

METHOD FOR THE PREPARATION OF PLUTONIUM HALIDES AND OXYHALIDES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Plutonium trihalide or plutonium(III) oxyhalide is prepared by reacting plutonium dioxide with hydrogen halide at 300 to 1000 deg C in the presence of hydrogen, ammonium iodide, or ammonium bromide.

Davidson, N.R.; Katz, J.J.

1960-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

225

Determination of Plutonium Content in Spent Fuel with Nondestructive Assay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL- Determination of Plutonium Content in Spent Fuel withSwinhoe. “Determination of Plutonium Content in Spent FuelS. Tobin, “Measurement of Plutonium in Spent Nuclear Fuel by

Tobin, S. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

PRECIPITATION METHOD FOR THE SEPARATION OF PLUTONIUM AND RARE EARTHS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of purifying plutonium is given. Tetravalent plutonium is precipitated with thorium pyrophosphate, the plutonium is oxidized to the tetravalent state, and then impurities are precipitated with thorium pyrophosphate.

Thompson, S.G.

1960-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

227

WET METHOD OF PREPARING PLUTONIUM TRIBROMIDE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

S> The preparation of anhydrous plutonium tribromide from an aqueous acid solution of plutonium tetrabromide is described, consisting of adding a water-soluble volatile bromide to the tetrabromide to provide additional bromide ions sufficient to furnish an oxidation-reduction potential substantially more positive than --0.966 volt, evaporating the resultant plutonium tribromides to dryness in the presence of HBr, and dehydrating at an elevated temperature also in the presence of HBr.

Davidson, N.R.; Hyde, E.K.

1958-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

228

Addressing mixed waste in plutonium processing  

SciTech Connect

The overall goal is the minimization of all waste generated in actinide processing facilities. Current emphasis is directed toward reducing and managing mixed waste in plutonium processing facilities. More specifically, the focus is on prioritizing plutonium processing technologies for development that will address major problems in mixed waste management. A five step methodological approach to identify, analyze, solve, and initiate corrective action for mixed waste problems in plutonium processing facilities has been developed.

Christensen, D.C.; Sohn, C.L. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Reid, R.A. (New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Anderson Schools of Management)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

PROCESS FOR THE RECOVERY OF PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the separation of plutonium from uranlum and other associated radioactlve fission products ls descrlbed conslstlng of contacting an acid solution containing plutonium in the tetravalent state and uranium in the hexavalent state with enough ammonium carbonate to form an alkaline solution, adding cupferron to selectlvely form plutonlum cupferrlde, then recoverlng the plutonium cupferride by extraction with a water lmmiscible organic solvent such as chloroform.

Potratz, H.A.

1958-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

230

PLUTONIUM-CUPFERRON COMPLEX AND METHOD OF REMOVING PLUTONIUM FROM SOLUTION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is presented for separating plutonium from fission products present in solutions of neutronirradiated uranium. The process consists in treating such acidic solutions with cupferron so that the cupferron reacts with the plutonium present to form an insoluble complex. This plutonium cupferride precipitates and may then be separated from the solution.

Potratz, H.A.

1959-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

231

Zone refining of plutonium metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zone refining process was applied to Pu metal containing known amounts of impurities. Rod specimens of plutonium metal were melted into and contained in tantalum boats, each of which was passed horizontally through a three-turn, high-frequency coil in such a manner as to cause a narrow molten zone to pass through the Pu metal rod 10 times. The impurity elements Co, Cr, Fe, Ni, Np, U were found to move in the same direction as the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. The elements Al, Am, and Ga moved in the opposite direction of the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. As the impurity alloy was zone refined, {delta}-phase plutonium metal crystals were produced. The first few zone refining passes were more effective than each later pass because an oxide layer formed on the rod surface. There was no clear evidence of better impurity movement at the slower zone refining speed. Also, constant or variable coil power appeared to have no effect on impurity movement during a single run (10 passes). This experiment was the first step to developing a zone refining process for plutonium metal.

Blau, M.S.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Processing and Mechanical Behavior of Unalloyed Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Unalloyed plutonium presents a wide variety of challenges to the ... AlMnCrCuFeNi Multicomponent Alloy with Superior Hardness and Corrosion ...

233

OXIDATIVE METHOD OF SEPARATING PLUTONIUM FROM NEPTUNIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described of separating neptunium from plutonium in an aqueous solution containing neptunium and plutonium in valence states not greater than +4. This may be accomplished by contacting the solution with dichromate ions, thus oxidizing the neptunium to a valence state greater than +4 without oxidizing any substantial amount of plutonium, and then forming a carrier precipitate which carries the plutonium from solution, leaving the neptunium behind. A preferred embodiment of this invention covers the use of lanthanum fluoride as the carrier precipitate.

Beaufait, L.J. Jr.

1958-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

234

METHOD OF REDUCING PLUTONIUM WITH FERROUS IONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is presented for separating hexavalent plutonium from fission product values. To a nitric acid solution containing the values, ferrous ions are added and the solution is heated and held at elevated temperature to convert the plutonium to the tetravalent state via the trivalent state and the plutonium is then selectively precipitated on a BiPO/sub 4/ or LaF/sub 3/ carrier. The tetravalent plutonium formed is optionally complexed with fluoride, oxalate, or phosphate anion prior to carrier precipitation.

Dreher, J.L.; Koshland, D.E.; Thompson, S.G.; Willard, J.E.

1959-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

NON-AQUEOUS DISSOLUTION OF MASSIVE PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is presented for obtaining non-aqueous solutions or plutonium from massive forms of the metal. In the present invention massive plutonium is added to a salt melt consisting of 10 to 40 weight per cent of sodium chloride and the balance zinc chloride. The plutonium reacts at about 800 deg C with the zinc chloride to form a salt bath of plutonium trichloride, sodium chloride, and metallic zinc. The zinc is separated from the salt melt by forcing the molten mixture through a Pyrex filter.

Reavis, J.G.; Leary, J.A.; Walsh, K.A.

1959-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

236

EA-0841: Import of Russian Plutonium-238  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to purchase plutonium-238 from the Russian Federation (Russia) for use in the Nation's space program.

237

ION EXCHANGE ADSORPTION PROCESS FOR PLUTONIUM SEPARATION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ion exchange processes for the separation of plutonium from fission products are described. In accordance with these processes an aqueous solution containing plutonium and fission products is contacted with a cation exchange resin under conditions favoring adsorption of plutonium and fission products on the resin. A portion of the fission product is then eluted with a solution containing 0.05 to 1% by weight of a carboxylic acid. Plutonium is next eluted with a solution containing 2 to 8 per cent by weight of the same carboxylic acid, and the remaining fission products on the resin are eluted with an aqueous solution containing over 10 per cent by weight of sodium bisulfate.

Boyd, G.E.; Russell, E.R.; Taylor, M.D.

1961-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

238

Accident Investigation Report Plutonium Contamination in the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accident Investigation Report Plutonium Contamination in the Zero Power Physics Reactor Facility at the Idaho National Laboratory, November 8, 2011 January 2012 Disclaimer...

239

EIS-0277: Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

77: Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site EIS-0277: Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub...

240

U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Agreement U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement September 01, 2000 Washington, DC U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement After two years of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Savannah River Site: Plutonium Preparation Project (PuPP) at...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site: Plutonium Preparation Project (PuPP) at Savannah River Site Savannah River Site: Plutonium Preparation Project (PuPP) at Savannah River Site Full Document and Summary...

242

EIS-0219: F-Canyon Plutonium Solutions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Plutonium Solutions Stored in the F-Canyon Facility, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC December 1, 1994 EIS-0219: Final Environmental Impact Statement F-Canyon Plutonium...

243

Thermodynamics of the conversion of plutonium dioxide to plutonium monocarbide  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present study contains an equilibrium thermodynamic analysis of the Pu--C--O system and a discussion from an equilibrium thermodynamic point of view of the direct carbothermic reduction and two-step carbothermic-hydrogen reduction of PuO/sub 2/ to PuC/sub 1-x/. Included are considerations of the partial pressures of the various species in the Pu--C--O and Pu--C--H systems, the process parameters required for conversion of the oxide to the carbide, and the loss of plutonium due to vapor species.

Besmann, T.M.; Lindemer, T.B.

1976-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Pyrochemical process for extracting plutonium from an electrolyte salt  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pyrochemical process for extracting plutonium from a plutonium-bearing salt is disclosed. The process is particularly useful in the recovery of plutonium from electrolyte salts which are left over from the electrorefining of plutonium. In accordance with the process, the plutonium-bearing salt is melted and mixed with metallic calcium. The calcium reduces ionized plutonium in the salt to plutonium metal, and also causes metallic plutonium in the salt, which is typically present as finely dispersed metallic shot, to coalesce. The reduced and coalesced plutonium separates out on the bottom of the reaction vessel as a separate metallic phase which is readily separable from the overlying salt upon cooling of the mixture. Yields of plutonium are typically on the order of 95%. The stripped salt is virtually free of plutonium and may be discarded to low-level waste storage.

Mullins, Lawrence J. (Los Alamos, NM); Christensen, Dana C. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Pyrochemical process for extracting plutonium from an electrolyte salt  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pyrochemical process for extracting plutonium from a plutonium-bearing salt is disclosed. The process is particularly useful in the recovery of plutonium for electrolyte salts which are left over from the electrorefining of plutonium. In accordance with the process, the plutonium-bearing salt is melted and mixed with metallic calcium. The calcium reduces ionized plutonium in the salt to plutonium metal, and also causes metallic plutonium in the salt, which is typically present as finely dispersed metallic shot, to coalesce. The reduced and coalesced plutonium separates out on the bottom of the reaction vessel as a separate metallic phase which is readily separable from the overlying salt upon cooling of the mixture. Yields of plutonium are typically on the order of 95%. The stripped salt is virtually free of plutonium and may be discarded to low-level waste storage.

Mullins, L.J.; Christensen, D.C.

1982-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

246

DOE Issues Two Draft National Interest Electric Transmission...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Issues Two Draft National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor Designations DOE Issues Two Draft National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor Designations U.S....

247

EA-1886: Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1886: Draft Environmental Assessment Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership - Phase III: Kevin Dome Carbon Storage Project, Shelby,...

248

EIS-0323-S1: Draft Supplement Environmental Impact Statement...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-S1: Draft Supplement Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0323-S1: Draft Supplement Environmental Impact Statement Sacramento Area Voltage Support Construction and operation has...

249

UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on Energy Efficiency and Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Handbook for Drafting Laws on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on Energy Efficiency and Renewable...

250

EA-1932: Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1932: Draft Environmental Assessment Bass Lake Native Fish Restoration, Eureka, Lincoln County, Montana This EA will evaluate the potential...

251

EIS-0312: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0312: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Fish and Wildlife Implementation Plan This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts associated...

252

EIS-0271: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0271: Draft Environmental Impact Statement The Department of Energy (DOE) limits electronic access to certain NEPA documents on this...

253

EA-1917: Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1917: Draft Environmental Assessment Wave Energy Test Facility Project, Newport, OR This EA evaluates Northwest National Marine Renewable...

254

Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Utilities in many states have been implementing energy efficiency and load management programs...

255

EIS-0379: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0379: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Libby (FEC) to Troy Section...

256

EA-1903: Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1903: Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project,...

257

EIS-0464: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0464: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Lake Charles Carbon Capture...

258

EIS-0355: EPA Notification of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notification of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0355: EPA Notification of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Remediation of the...

259

EIS-0391: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0391: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Tank Closure and Waste...

260

EIS-0445: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0445: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Mountaineer Commercial Scale...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

EIS-0373: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

73: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0373: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Proposed Consolidation...

262

EIS-0375: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0375: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Disposal of...

263

EIS-0408: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0408: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Upper...

264

EIS-0409: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0409: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Kemper County Integrated...

265

EIS-0336: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Public Hearings EIS-0336: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement and...

266

EA-1566: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1566: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment Proposed Infrastructure Improvements for...

267

EIS-0394: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0394: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement FutureGen Project...

268

EA-1917: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1917: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment Wave Energy Test Facility, Newport, OR DOE announces...

269

EA-1339: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment Addendum EA-1339: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment Addendum Disposition of...

270

EIS-0374: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0374: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Klondike IIIBiglow Canyon...

271

EA-1809: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1809: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment White Earth Nation Wind Energy Project II, Becker and Mahnomen...

272

EIS-0441: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0441: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Mohave County Wind Farm Project,...

273

EIS-0478: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0478: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Antelope Valley Station to...

274

EIS-0451: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

51: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0451: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Hooper Springs Project,...

275

EIS-0346: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0346: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Salmon Creek Project,...

276

EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0387: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Y-12 National Security...

277

EIS-0317: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Supplement EIS-0317: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Supplement...

278

EIS-0422: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0422: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Central Ferry-Lower...

279

EIS-0431: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0431: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Hydrogen Energy California's...

280

EIS-0472: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0472: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

EA-1790: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1790: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment Heterogeneous Feed Biorefinery Pontotoc,...

282

EIS-0385: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0385: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Site Selection for the...

283

EIS-0399: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0399: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Montana Alberta Tie Ltd....

284

EIS-0353: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0353: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement South Fork Flathead Watershed Westslope Cutthroat Trout...

285

EIS-0441: Amended Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amended Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0441: Amended Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Mohave County Wind Farm...

286

EIS-0444: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0444: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Texas Clean Energy Project, Ector County, Texas Notice of...

287

EIS-0361: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0361: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Western Greenbier Co-Production Demonstration Project...

288

EA-1656: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1656: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment MARET Center Construction Project at...

289

EIS-0409: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

409: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0409: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Kemper County...

290

EA-1929: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1929: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment NorthStar Medical Technologies LLC, Commercial...

291

EA-1919: Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Assessment EA-1919: Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Assessment Recycling of Scrap Metals Originating...

292

EA-1922: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1922: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment Combined Power and Biomass Heating System, Fort...

293

EIS-0394: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0394: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement FutureGen Project Planning,...

294

EIS-0419: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0419: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Whistling Ridge Energy...

295

EA-1592: GSA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GSA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1592: GSA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment Modernization of Facilities and...

296

EA-1900: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1900: Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment Radiological Work and Storage Building at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory...

297

EIS-0469: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

69: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0469: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EPA Notice of Availability...

298

EIS-0359: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0359: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Construction and Operation...

299

EIS-0431: DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0431: DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Hydrogen Energy California's...

300

EIS-0444: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Notice of Public Hearing EIS-0444: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

EIS-0250: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0250: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement...

302

EIS-0472: DOE Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: DOE Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0472: DOE Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement...

303

EIS-0400: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0400: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement Grandby Pumping Plant Switchyard...

304

EIS-0408: DOE Notice of Availability of a Programmatic Draft...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of a Programmatic Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0408: DOE Notice of Availability of a Programmatic Draft Environmental Impact Statement DOE...

305

EIS-0421: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0421: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Big Eddy-Knight Transmission Project Proposal to Construct,...

306

EIS-0414: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0414: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission Line Project,...

307

EIS-0447: DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project, New York DOE announces the availability of a draft EIS to...

308

New Draft of Cybersecurity Risk Management Process (RMP) Guideline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft of Cybersecurity Risk Management Process (RMP) Guideline Now Available for Public Comment (March 2012) New Draft of Cybersecurity Risk Management Process (RMP) Guideline Now...

309

Systems/Component Design, Engineering and Drafting - Nuclear...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Drafting Capabilities Engineering Computation and Design Engineering and Structural Mechanics SystemsComponent Design, Engineering and Drafting Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics...

310

EIS-0350: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0350: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement Project at Los Alamos National...

311

EIS-0447: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project, New York EPA announces the availability of a draft EIS to...

312

EIS-0365: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Imperial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

65: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Imperial-Mexicali 230-kV Transmission Lines, EIS-0365 (May 2004) EIS-0365: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the...

313

DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate Change and...

314

DOE EAC Electricity Adequacy Report. Transmission Chapter DRAFT...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Chapter DRAFT- September 18, 2008 DOE EAC Electricity Adequacy Report. Transmission Chapter DRAFT- September 18, 2008 The purpose of this document is to seed...

315

EIS-0458: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0458: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Proposed Loan Guarantee to Support Construction and Startup of the Topaz Solar Farm, San Luis...

316

EIS-0403: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Programmatic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States Notice of Availability, Draft...

317

EA-1922: Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment EA-1922: Draft Environmental Assessment Combined Power and Biomass Heating System, Fort Yukon, Alaska This DOE Draft EA, in cooperation with RUS and the...

318

EA-1861: Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1861: Draft Environmental Assessment Frito-Lay Biomass Boiler Project, Beloit, Wisconsin The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to...

319

EA-1904: Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment EA-1904: Draft Environmental Assessment Linac Coherent Light Source-II Draft Environmental Assessment (December 2011) This EA evaluates the environmental...

320

DOE Releases Draft Strategic Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Releases Draft Strategic Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Deployment of Advanced Technology DOE Releases Draft Strategic Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas and Other Pollution FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in...

322

EIS-0250: Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Draft Environmental Impact Statement for a Geologic Repository for the Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste at Yucca Mountain (July 1999)

323

Berkeley Lab's "Draft" Sustainability Strategy (Title TBD)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Berkeley Lab's "Draft" Sustainability Strategy (Title TBD) NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible, but may not be updated until...

324

DRAFT "Energy Advisory Committee" - Energy Storage Subcommittee...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report: Revision 2 DRAFT "Energy Advisory Committee" - Energy Storage Subcommittee Report: Revision 2 Energy storage plays a vital role in all forms of business and affects the...

325

The Draft of ASME PTC 19  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generators for each of the Gas Turbines and Steam Turbine. * A steam surface condenser with mechanical vacuum pumps for air removal and a mechanical draft cooling tower...

326

Appendix D Draft Oil Spill Response Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

D D Draft Oil Spill Response Plan U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix D Draft Oil Spill Response Plan DRAFT Oil Spill Response Plan CAPE WIND ASSOCIATES, LLC BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS PREPARED FOR Cape Wind Associates, LLC 75 Arlington Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 PREPARED BY ESS Group, Inc. 401 Wampanoag Trail, Suite 400 East Providence, Rhode Island 02915 Project No. E159-601 December 2005 DRAFT OIL SPILL RESPONSE PLAN Cape Wind Associates, LLC Boston, Massachusetts Prepared For: Cape Wind Associates, LLC 75 Arlington Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Prepared By: ESS Group, Inc. 401 Wampanoag Trail, Suite 400

327

Draft Report of Policy Subcommittee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee Draft Report of Policy Subcommittee September, 2008 1 DRAFT ONLY; NOT FOR CITATION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT PERMISSION I. Introduction More than 50 years since the launch of the Atoms for Peace initiative, the implications of US nuclear policy, in terms of our Nation's energy, environmental, and national security interests, are greater than ever. The choices the next president will make regarding nuclear energy will therefore be of the utmost importance. The mission of this Subcommittee is to explore the critical choices and implications in US nuclear energy policy, with a view to framing options for the next President to consider. Nuclear energy is just one element of the broader energy picture. One cannot effectively address

328

Chapter 3_Consolidated_DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement March 2013 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Volume 1: Environmental Analyses DOE/EIS-0451 HOOPER SPRINGS TRANSMISSION PROJECT Draft Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS - 0451 Bonneville Power Administration Cooperating Agencies U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Caribou-Targhee National Forest U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management Idaho Office of Energy Resources March 2013 Hooper Springs Transmission Project Responsible Agency: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Cooperating Agencies: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service (USFS), Caribou-Targhee National Forest (C-TNF); U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM); Idaho Office of Energy Resources

329

EA-1488: Draft Environmental Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

728D 728D Environmental Assessment Integrated Vegetation Management on the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office Richland, Washington 99352 Approved for Public Release; Further Disseminat ion Uillimited June 2011 DOE/EA-1728D June 2011 1 2 3 4 5 6 This page intentionally left blank. 7 8 U.S. Department of Energy DOE/EA-1728D Draft Environmental Assessment iii June 2011 CONTENTS 1 2 1.0 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................... 1 3

330

Audit Report - The Department of Energy's Management of Surplus Nuclear Materials, OAS-L-13-04  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management Management of Surplus Nuclear Materials OAS-L-13-04 January 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE DIRECTOR INTEGRATION ADMINISTRATION FROM: Daniel M. Weeber Assistant Inspector General for Audits and Administration Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION Management of Surplus Nuclear Materials BACKGROUND A primary mission of the Department of Energy design, build and test the Nation' Department's complex was devoted to the production and fabrication of n components. With the end of the C suspended or shutdown. Because Department did not make long term plans for storage or permanent disposition of material, including material that In 2005, the Department chartered

331

Record of Decision: Stabilization of Plutonium Solutions Stored...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

material surplus to national security requirements to inspection by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Department intends to offer this material along with...

332

Siegfried S. Hecker, Plutonium, and Nonproliferation  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Siegfried S. Hecker, Plutonium Siegfried S. Hecker, Plutonium and Nuclear Nonproliferation Resources with Additional Information · Awards Siegfried S. Hecker Photo Credit: Courtesy of Los Alamos National Laboratory LeRoy Sanchez On September 17, 2009, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu named Siegfried S. Hecker as a winner of the Enrico Fermi Award 'in recognition for his contributions to plutonium metallurgy, his broad scientific leadership and for his energetic and continuing efforts to reduce the danger of nuclear weapons around the globe. Dr. Hecker is credited with resolving a long-standing controversy involving the stability of certain structures (or phases) in plutonium alloys near equilibrium that arose from significant discrepancies between U.S. and former USSR research on plutonium metallurgy.'1

333

Manhattan Project: F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

F REACTOR PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION COMPLEX F REACTOR PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION COMPLEX Hanford Engineer Works, 1945 Resources > Photo Gallery Plutonium production area, Hanford, ca. 1945 The F Reactor plutonium production complex at Hanford. The "boxy" building between the two water towers on the right is the plutonium production reactor; the long building in the center of the photograph is the water treatment plant. The photograph was reproduced from Henry DeWolf Smyth, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb under the Auspices of the United States Government, 1940-1945 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1945). The Smyth Report was commissioned by Leslie Groves and originally issued by the Manhattan Engineer District. Princeton University Press reprinted it in book form as a "public service" with "reproduction in whole or in part authorized and permitted."

334

Cleanup of plutonium oxide reduction black salts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work describes pyrochemical processes employed to convert direc oxide reduction (DOR) black salts into discardable white salt and plutonium metal. The DOR process utilizes calcium metal as the reductant in a molten calcium chloride solvent salt to convert plutonium oxide to plutonium metal. An insoluble plutonium-rich dispersion called black salt sometimes forms between the metal phase and the salt phase. Black salts accumulated for processing were treated by one of two methods. One method utilized a scrub alloy of 70 wt % magnesium/30 wt % zinc. The other method utilized a pool of plutonium metal to agglomerate the metal phase. The two processes were similar in that calcium metal reductant and calcium chloride solvent salt were used in both cases. Four runs were performed by each method, and each method produced greater than 93% conversion of the black salt.

Giebel, R.E.; Wing, R.O.

1986-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

335

Fissile material disposition program: Screening of alternate immobilization candidates for disposition of surplus fissile materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the end of the Cold War, the world faces for the first time the need to dismantle vast numbers of ``excess`` nuclear weapons and dispose of the fissile materials they contain, together with fissile residues in the weapons production complex left over from the production of these weapons. If recently agreed US and Russian reductions are fully implemented, tens of thousands of nuclear weapons, containing a hundred tons or more of plutonium and hundreds of tonnes* of highly enriched uranium (HEU), will no longer be needed worldwide for military purposes. These two materials are the essential ingredients of nuclear weapons, and limits on access to them are the primary technical barrier to prospective proliferants who might desire to acquire a nuclear weapons capability. Theoretically, several kilograms of plutonium, or several times that amount of HEU, is sufficient to make a nuclear explosive device. Therefore, these materials will continue to be a potential threat to humanity for as long as they exist.

Gray, L.W.

1996-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

336

ADSORPTION-BISMUTH PHOSPHATE METHOD FOR SEPARATING PLUTONIUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is given for separating plutonium from uranium and fission products. Plutonium and uranium are adsorbed by a cation exchange resin, plutonium is eluted from the adsorbent, and then, after oxidation to the hexavalent state, the plutonium is contacted with a bismuth phosphate carrier precipitate.

Russell, E.R.; Adamson, A.W.; Boyd, G.E.

1960-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

337

Notice of Intent To Prepare a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for Surplus Plutonium Disposition at the Savannah River Site (DOE/SEIS-0283) (03/28/07)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

43 Federal Register 43 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 59 / Wednesday, March 28, 2007 / Notices Relations or Ms. Julie J. Johnson, Assistant Director, Advisory Committee or Student Financial Assistance, Capitol Place, 80 F Street, NW., Suite 413, Washington, DC 20202-7582, (202) 219- 2099. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance is established under Section 491 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 as amended by Public Law 100-50 (20 U.S.C. 1098). The Advisory Committee serves as an independent source of advice and counsel to the Congress and the Secretary of Education on student financial aid policy. Since its inception, the congressional mandate requires the Advisory Committee to conduct objective, nonpartisan, and independent

338

DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT STATE OF CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

populations. It also provides recommendations for consideration by state agencies related to extreme heatDRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT STATE OF CALIFORNIA EXTREME HEAT ADAPTATION INTERIM GUIDANCE DOCUMENT (CAT) 8/31/2012 #12;DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT Page 1 STATE OF CALIFORNIA EXTREME HEAT ADAPTATION

339

Excess Plutonium: Weapons Legacy or National Asset?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nuclear Materials Stewardship Initiative was established in January, 2000, to accelerate the work of achieving integration and cutting long-term costs associated with the management of nuclear materials. As part of that initiative, the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Management (EM), has established Nuclear Material Management Groups for the management of excess nuclear materials. As one of these groups, the Plutonium Material Management Group (PMMG) has been chartered to serve as DOE's complex wide resource and point of contact for technical coordination and program planning support in the safe and efficient disposition of the nations excess Plutonium 239. This paper will explain the mission, goals, and objectives of the PMMG. In addition, the paper will provide a broad overview of the status of the plutonium inventories throughout the DOE complex. The DOE currently manages approximately 99.5 MT of plutonium isotopes. Details of the various categories of plutonium, from material designated for national security needs through material that has been declared excess, will be explained. For the plutonium that has been declared excess, the various pathways to disposition (including reuse, recycling, sale, transfer, treatment, consumption, and disposal) will be discussed. At this time 52.5 MT of plutonium has been declared excess and the method of disposition for that material is the subject of study and evaluation within DOE. The role of the PMMG in those evaluations will be outlined.

Klipa, G.; Boeke, S.; Hottel, R.

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

340

VOLATILE FLUORIDE PROCESS FOR SEPARATING PLUTONIUM FROM OTHER MATERIALS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The separation of plutonium from uranium and/or fission products by formation of the higher fluorides off uranium and/or plutonium is described. Neutronirradiated uranium metal is first converted to the hydride. This hydrided product is then treated with fluorine at about 315 deg C to form and volatilize UF/sub 6/ leaving plutonium behind. Thc plutonium may then be separated by reacting the residue with fluorine at about 5004DEC and collecting the volatile plutonium fluoride thus formed.

Spedding, F.H.; Newton, A.S.

1959-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

VOLATILE FLUORIDE PROCESS FOR SEPARATING PLUTONIUM FROM OTHER MATERIALS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The separation of plutonium from uranium and/or tission products by formation of the higher fluorides of uranium and/or plutonium is discussed. Neutronirradiated uranium metal is first convcrted to the hydride. This hydrided product is then treatced with fluorine at about 315 deg C to form and volatilize UF/sup 6/ leaving plutonium behind. The plutonium may then be separated by reacting the residue with fluorine at about 500 deg C and collecting the volatile plutonium fluoride thus formed.

Spedding, F.H.; Newton, A.S.

1959-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

342

Molecular Interactions of Plutonium(VI) with Synthetic Manganese-Substituted Goethite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E. , Thesis, Reactions of Plutonium(VI) with the Iron Oxideof Uranium, Neptunium, Plutonium, Americium and Technetium;Molecular Interactions of Plutonium(VI) with Synthetic

Hu, Yung-Jin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Quantifying structural damage from self-irradiation in a plutonium superconductor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was presented as part of Plutonium Futures - The Science: Atopical Confer- ence on Plutonium and Actinide, Asilomar,in loading one of the plutonium samples. This work was

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Reaction of Plutonium(VI) with the Manganese-Substituted Iron Oxide Mineral Goethite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plutonium(VI) Sorption on Manganese-SubstitutedX-ray Beam-Induced Chemistry on Plutonium Sorbed on Variousof Plutonium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159 v E Anion

Hu, Yung-Jin Hu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Structural Characterization of and Plutonium Sorption on Mesoporous and Nanoparticulate Ferrihydrite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.2.1 Plutonium Redox Chemistry . . . . . . . . .2.5 Plutonium Measurement with Liquid Scintillation CountingChemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.9.4 Plutonium Uptake

Brogan, Luna Kestrel Schwaiger

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Draft Forecast of Electricity Demand for the 5th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

products has been below the medium-low. Future natural gas prices are expected to be higher in this power's draft natural gas price forecasts. The medium natural gas price forecast for this plan in 2015 is about Council Document 2001-23, sited above. #12;DRAFT DRAFT DRAFT 11 Table 1 Natural Gas Price Forecasts

347

SEPARATION OF URANIUM, PLUTONIUM AND FISSION PRODUCTS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The separation of uranium and plutonium from neutronirradiated uranium is described. The neutron-irradiated uranium is dissolved in nitric acid to provide an aqueous solution 3N in nitric acid. The fission products of the solution are extruded by treating the solution with dibutyl carbitol substantially 1.8N in nitric acid. The organic solvent phase is separated and neutralized with ammonium hydroxide and the plutonium reduced with hydroxylamine base to the trivalent state. Treatment of the mixture with saturated ammonium nitrate extracts the reduced plutonium and leaves the uranium in the organic solvent.

Nicholls, C.M.; Wells, I.; Spence, R.

1959-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

348

Weapons-grade plutonium dispositioning. Volume 4. Plutonium dispositioning in light water reactors  

SciTech Connect

This study is in response to a request by the Reactor Panel Subcommittee of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) to evaluate the feasibility of using plutonium fuels (without uranium) for disposal in existing conventional or advanced light water reactor (LWR) designs and in low temperature/pressure LWR designs that might be developed for plutonium disposal. Three plutonium-based fuel forms (oxides, aluminum metallics, and carbides) are evaluated for neutronic performance, fabrication technology, and material and compatibility issues. For the carbides, only the fabrication technologies are addressed. Viable plutonium oxide fuels for conventional or advanced LWRs include plutonium-zirconium-calcium oxide (PuO{sub 2}-ZrO{sub 2}-CaO) with the addition of thorium oxide (ThO{sub 2}) or a burnable poison such as erbium oxide (Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}) or europium oxide (Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}) to achieve acceptable neutronic performance. Thorium will breed fissile uranium that may be unacceptable from a proliferation standpoint. Fabrication of uranium and mixed uranium-plutonium oxide fuels is well established; however, fabrication of plutonium-based oxide fuels will require further development. Viable aluminum-plutonium metallic fuels for a low temperature/pressure LWR include plutonium aluminide in an aluminum matrix (PuAl{sub 4}-Al) with the addition of a burnable poison such as erbium (Er) or europium (Eu). Fabrication of low-enriched plutonium in aluminum-plutonium metallic fuel rods was initially established 30 years ago and will require development to recapture and adapt the technology to meet current environmental and safety regulations. Fabrication of high-enriched uranium plate fuel by the picture-frame process is a well established process, but the use of plutonium would require the process to be upgraded in the United States to conform with current regulations and minimize the waste streams.

Sterbentz, J.W.; Olsen, C.S.; Sinha, U.P.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

PRODUCTION OF PLUTONIUM FLUORIDE FROM BISMUTH PHOSPHATE PRECIPITATE CONTAINING PLUTONIUM VALUES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is given for separating plutonium from fission products present on a bismuth phosphate carrier. The dried carrier is first treated with hydrogen fluoride at between 500 and 600 deg C whereby some fission product fluorides volatilize away from plutonium tetrafluoride, and nonvolatile fission product fluorides are formed then with anhydrous fluorine at between 400 and 500 deg C. Bismuth and plutonium distill in the form of volatile fluorides away from the nonvolatile fission product fluorides. The bismuth and plutonium fluorides are condensed at below 290 deg C.

Brown, H.S.; Bohlmann, E.G.

1961-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Plutonium Processing Plant Deactivated | National Nuclear Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Processing Plant Deactivated | National Nuclear Security Processing Plant Deactivated | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > Plutonium Processing Plant Deactivated Plutonium Processing Plant Deactivated June 20, 1997 Hanford, WA Plutonium Processing Plant Deactivated The Plutonium Uranium Extraction Facility (PUREX), the largest of the

351

Plutonium Processing Plant Deactivated | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Processing Plant Deactivated | National Nuclear Security Processing Plant Deactivated | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > Plutonium Processing Plant Deactivated Plutonium Processing Plant Deactivated June 20, 1997 Hanford, WA Plutonium Processing Plant Deactivated The Plutonium Uranium Extraction Facility (PUREX), the largest of the

352

Sweden Plutonium Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Sweden Plutonium Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration Sweden Plutonium Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > content > Four-Year Plan > Sweden Plutonium Removal Sweden Plutonium Removal Location Sweden United States 62° 24' 4.4136" N, 15° 22' 51.096" E See map: Google Maps Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version

353

Plutonium less mysterious with nuclear magnetic resonance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plutonium less mysterious with nuclear magnetic resonance Plutonium less mysterious with nuclear magnetic resonance Plutonium less mysterious with nuclear magnetic resonance For more than 50 years, chemists and physicists have been searching for the plutonium-239 magnetic resonance signal. May 21, 2012 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

354

Determination of plutonium in human urine  

SciTech Connect

Report is made of chemical procedures for determination of plutonium in human urine. The procedures are provided in outline form and statistical methods are provided for interpretation of the results.

Langham, W.H.

1947-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

355

Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Change Notice No. 1. and Reaffirmation January 2007 DOE HANDBOOK Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585...

356

Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1145-2013 March 2013 DOE HANDBOOK Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities U.S. Department of Energy TRNG-0061 Washington, D.C. 20585...

357

Business Plan in Brief : Draft.  

SciTech Connect

Competition is revolutionizing the electricity industry, and utilities may never be the same. In the past two decades, government deregulation has transformed the airline, cable television, natural gas, and telecommunications industries. Now, with the passage of new laws which have spurred the growth of independent power and opened up transmission access, the electric utility industry has become the laboratory for change. Here in the Northwest, dramatic changes in the electric industry mean that the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is facing real competition. Our customers have more choices than they had in the past. BPA`s draft Business Plan is a direct response to this changing environment. The plan presents how we propose to adapt to the new competitive marketplace. This is a summary of the plan and some of the important issues it raises for regional discussion. The draft plan contains much more detail on all the topics mentioned here. Business Plan is BPA`s first attempt to integrate the long-term strategic plans of the various parts of the agency with a strategic financial plan. Change is evident throughout the plan--change in our operating environment, in our strategic direction, in our customer and constituent relationships, and in BPA itself as an organization.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Plutonium: The first 50 years. United States plutonium production, acquisition, and utilization from 1944 through 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report contains important newly declassified information regarding the US production, acquisition, and removals of plutonium. This new information, when combined with previously declassified data, has allowed the DOE to issue, for the first time, a truly comprehensive report on the total DOE plutonium inventory. At the December 7, 1993, Openness Press Conference, the DOE declassified the plutonium inventories at eight locations totaling 33.5 metric tons (MT). This report declassifies the remainder of the DOE plutonium inventory. Newly declassified in this report is the quantity of plutonium at the Pantex Site, near Amarillo, Texas, and in the US nuclear weapons stockpile of 66.1 MT, which, when added to the previously released inventory of 33.5 MT, yields a total plutonium inventory of 99.5 MT. This report will document the sources which built up the plutonium inventory as well as the transactions which have removed plutonium from that inventory. This report identifies four sources that add plutonium to the DOE/DoD inventory, and seven types of transactions which remove plutonium from the DOE/DoD inventory. This report also discusses the nuclear material control and accountability system which records all nuclear material transactions, compares records with inventory and calculates material balances, and analyzes differences to verify that nuclear materials are in quantities as reported. The DOE believes that this report will aid in discussions in plutonium storage, safety, and security with stakeholders as well as encourage other nations to declassify and release similar data. These data will also be available for formulating policies with respect to disposition of excess nuclear materials. The information in this report is based on the evaluation of available records. The information contained in this report may be updated or revised in the future should additional or more detailed data become available.

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Reclamation of plutonium from pyrochemical processing residues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Savannah River Laboratory (SRL), Savannah River Plant (SRP), and Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) have jointly developed a process to recover plutonium from molten salt extraction residues. These NaCl, KCL, and MgCl/sub 2/ residues, which are generated in the pyrochemical extraction of /sup 241/Am from aged plutonium metal, contain up to 25 wt % dissolved plutonium and up to 2 wt % americium. The overall objective was to develop a process to convert these residues to a pure plutonium metal product and discardable waste. To meet this objective a combination of pyrochemical and aqueous unit operations was used. The first step was to scrub the salt residue with a molten metal (aluminum and magnesium) to form a heterogeneous ''scrub alloy'' containing nominally 25 wt % plutonium. This unit operation, performed at RFP, effectively separated the actinides from the bulk of the chloride salts. After packaging in aluminum cans, the ''scrub alloy'' was then dissolved in a nitric acid - hydrofluoric acid - mercuric nitrate solution at SRP. Residual chloride was separated from the dissolver solution by precipitation with Hg/sub 2/(NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/ followed by centrifuging. Plutonium was then separated from the aluminum, americium and magnesium using the Purex solvent extraction system. The /sup 241/Am was diverted to the waste tank farm, but could be recovered if desired.

Gray, L.W.; Gray, J.H.; Holcomb, H.P.; Chostner, D.F.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Plutonium Finishing Plant safety evaluation report  

SciTech Connect

The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) previously known as the Plutonium Process and Storage Facility, or Z-Plant, was built and put into operation in 1949. Since 1949 PFP has been used for various processing missions, including plutonium purification, oxide production, metal production, parts fabrication, plutonium recovery, and the recovery of americium (Am-241). The PFP has also been used for receipt and large scale storage of plutonium scrap and product materials. The PFP Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) was prepared by WHC to document the hazards associated with the facility, present safety analyses of potential accident scenarios, and demonstrate the adequacy of safety class structures, systems, and components (SSCs) and operational safety requirements (OSRs) necessary to eliminate, control, or mitigate the identified hazards. Documented in this Safety Evaluation Report (SER) is DOE`s independent review and evaluation of the PFP FSAR and the basis for approval of the PFP FSAR. The evaluation is presented in a format that parallels the format of the PFP FSAR. As an aid to the reactor, a list of acronyms has been included at the beginning of this report. The DOE review concluded that the risks associated with conducting plutonium handling, processing, and storage operations within PFP facilities, as described in the PFP FSAR, are acceptable, since the accident safety analyses associated with these activities meet the WHC risk acceptance guidelines and DOE safety goals in SEN-35-91.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

DOE/EA-1697 Draft Environmental Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Assessment Draft Environmental Assessment for Right-of-Way Maintenance in the San Joaquin Valley, California June 2010 Prepared for: Western Area Power Administration, Sierra Nevada Region San Joaquin Valley ROW Maintenance EA June 2010 iii Draft EA CONTENTS 1.0 PURPOSE AND NEED FOR ACTION ...................................................................... 1-1 1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................. 1-1 1.2 Background ............................................................................................. 1-1 1.3 Purpose and Need for Action .................................................................. 1-3 1.4 Location and Project Area Description .................................................... 1-4

362

PROCESS OF FORMING PLUOTONIUM SALTS FROM PLUTONIUM EXALATES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is presented for converting plutonium oxalate to other plutonium compounds by a dry conversion method. According to the process, lower valence plutonium oxalate is heated in the presence of a vapor of a volatile non- oxygenated monobasic acid, such as HCl or HF. For example, in order to produce plutonium chloride, the pure plutonium oxalate is heated to about 700 deg C in a slow stream of hydrogen plus HCl. By the proper selection of an oxidizing or reducing atmosphere, the plutonium halide product can be obtained in either the plus 3 or plus 4 valence state.

Garner, C.S.

1959-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

363

SEPARATION OF PLUTONIUM FROM URANIUM AND FISSION PRODUCTS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chromatographic adsorption process is presented for the separation of plutonium from other fission products formed by the irradiation of uranium. The plutonium and the lighter element fission products are adsorbed on a sulfonated phenol-formaldehyde resin bed from a nitric acid solution containing the dissolved uranium. Successive washes of sulfuric, phosphoric, and nitric acids remove the bulk of the fission products, then an eluate of dilute phosphoric and nitric acids removes the remaining plutonium and fission products. The plutonium is selectively removed by passing this solution through zirconium phosphate, from which the plutonium is dissolved with nitric acid. This process provides a convenient and efficient means for isolating plutonium.

Boyd, G.E.; Adamson, A.W.; Schubert, J.; Russell, E.R.

1958-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

DOE/EA-1538: Finding of No Significant Impact for the Safeguards and Security Upgrades for Storage of Plutonium Materials at the Savannah River Site (12/16/2005)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safeguards and Security Upgrades for Storage of Plutonium Materials Safeguards and Security Upgrades for Storage of Plutonium Materials at the Savannah River Site Agency: U.S. Department of Energy Action: Finding of No Significant Impact Summary: The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1538) to evaluate the potential environmental impacts associated with the implementation of proposed and alternative actions to enhance the safe and secure storage of plutonium-bearing materials at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to meet the enhanced terrorist threat. The draft EA was made available to the States of South Carolina and Georgia, and to the public, for a 30-day comment period. Based on the analyses in the EA, and after careful consideration of comments received, DOE has

365

Decontamination and decommissioning of the Argonne National Laboratory East Area radioactively contaminated surplus facilities: Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ANL has decontaminated and decommissioned (D and D) seven radiologically contaminated surplus facilities at its Illinois site: a ''Hot'' Machine Shop (Building 17) and support facilities; Fan House No. 1 (Building 37), Fan House No. 2 (Building 38), the Pangborn Dust Collector (Building 41), and the Industrial Waste Treatment Plant (Building 34) for exhaust air from machining of radioactive materials. Also included were a Nuclear Materials Storage Vault (Building 16F) and a Nuclear Research Laboratory (Building 22). The D and D work involved dismantling of all process equipment and associated plumbing, ductwork, drain lines, etc. After radiation surveys, floor and wall coverings, suspended ceilings, room partitions, pipe, conduit and electrical gear were taken down as necessary. In addition, underground sewers were excavated. The grounds around each facility were also thoroughly surveyed. Contaminated materials and soil were packaged and shipped to a low-level waste burial site, while nonactive debris was buried in the ANL landfill. Clean, reusable items were saved, and clean metal scrap was sold for salvage. After the decommissioning work, each building was torn down and the site relandscaped. The project was completed in 1985, ahead of schedule, with substantial savings.

Kline, W.H.; Fassnacht, G.F.; Moe, H.J.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Method for Plutonium-Gallium Separation by Anodic Dissolution of a Solid Plutonium-Gallium Alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Purified plutonium and gallium are efficiently recovered from a solid plutonium-gallium (Pu-Ga) alloy by using an electrorefining process. The solid Pu-Ga alloy is the cell anode, preferably placed in a moving basket within the electrolyte. As the surface of the Pu-Ga anode is depleted in plutonium by the electrotransport of the plutonium to a cathode, the temperature of the electrolyte is sufficient to liquify the surface, preferably at about 500 C, resulting in a liquid anode layer substantially comprised of gallium. The gallium drips from the liquified surface and is collected below the anode within the electrochemical cell. The transported plutonium is collected on the cathode surface and is recovered.

Miller, William E.; Tomczuk, Zygmunt

1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

367

Property:Draft (m) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Draft (m) Draft (m) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Draft (m) Property Type String Pages using the property "Draft (m)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Technologies/Aegir Dynamo + 8 + MHK Technologies/Deep Green + 40 + MHK Technologies/Deep water capable hydrokinetic turbine + 5 + MHK Technologies/Electric Buoy + 7 + MHK Technologies/European Pico Pilot Plant + 7 + MHK Technologies/Evopod E35 + 5 + MHK Technologies/Float Wave Electric Power Station + 7 + MHK Technologies/Floating anchored OTEC plant + 530 + MHK Technologies/HyPEG + 20 + MHK Technologies/HydroGen 10 + 1 + MHK Technologies/Hydroflo + 2 + MHK Technologies/ITRI WEC + 13 + MHK Technologies/Microturbine River In Stream + 0.7 + MHK Technologies/OCEANTEC Wave Energy Converter + 5.25 +

368

Electric Motor Predictive Maintenance: Draft Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictive Maintenance can enhance the early detection and avoidance of incipient equipment failures in electric motors. This report provides draft guidelines to support the development of electric motor predictive maintenance (EMPM) programs at utility sites.

1997-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

369

CAMERON LIQUEFACTION PROJECT DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAMERON LIQUEFACTION PROJECT CAMERON LIQUEFACTION PROJECT DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................................... ES-1 PROPOSED ACTION ............................................................................................................... ES-1 PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT ....................................................................................................... ES-3 PROJECT IMPACTS ................................................................................................................ ES-3 ALTERNATIVES CONSIDERED ........................................................................................... ES-7 CONCLUSIONS ....................................................................................................................... ES-8

370

California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on eligibility of hydroelectric and fuel cell facilities, respectively). The Energy Commission recognizesCalifornia Energy Commission STAFF REPORT RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO STANDARD ELIGIBILITY Draft Staff Guidebook Fourth Edition AUGUST 2010 CEC3002010007SD #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Kate Zocchetti

371

California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for energy and annual peak load will be met by specific supply resources. Keywords: Electricity) ................................................................ 19 Supply Form S2: Energy Balance Table ...................... California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING

372

Appendix A DRAFT EIS DISTRIBUTION LIST  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A A DRAFT EIS DISTRIBUTION LIST A-1 ADMINISTRATIVE DRAFT EIS DISTRIBUTION LIST Federal Agencies Air Force Real Property Agency, TX Jeffrey Blevins Army Corps of Engineers Office of the Chief of Army Engineers, DC John Furry, Senior Policy Advisor New Orleans District, LA James Little Ronnie Duke, Western Division Manager Army Operations Division, VA Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management

373

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DSM programs DSM programs between 1989 and 1999, an average of $1.3 billion per year. 1 Interest in these programs gradually grew in the 1980s and early 1990s, then went through a "hiccup" in the mid- 1990s as many states and utilities cut back on their demand-side efforts in order to prepare for electric industry restructuring. Growth resumed in the late 1990s when many states decided not to restructure. Also, even many restructured states decided that demand-side programs were important and created mechanisms to fund and provide such programs, most notably "public benefits" programs, which in many cases are administered and implemented by non-utility organizations. Since the turn-of-the-century, investments in demand-side resources have steadily

374

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

demand-side demand-side programs between 1989 and 1999, an average of $1.3 billion per year. 1 Interest in these programs gradually grew in the 1980s and early 1990s, then went through a "hiccup" in the mid-1990s as many states and utilities cut back on their demand-side efforts in order to prepare for electric industry restructuring. Growth resumed in the late 1990s when many states decided not to restructure. Also, even many restructured states decided that demand-side programs were important and created mechanisms to fund and provide such programs, most notably "public benefits" programs, which in many cases are administered and implemented by non-utility organizations. Since the turn-of-the-century, investments in demand-side resources have steadily

375

Draft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grenadiers are presently considered “unspecified ” by the NPFMC, which means they are not a part of the groundfish management plans for either the Gulf of Alaska (GOA) or the Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands (BSAI). Therefore, there are no limitations on catch or retention, no reporting requirements, and no official tracking of grenadier catch by management. However, a proposed joint management plan amendment for “other species ” may change grenadiers to a specified status, in which case they would be included as managed groundfish species in the plans. In response to this possibility, an assessment of grenadiers in Alaska was prepared for the first time as an appendix to the 2006 SAFE report (Clausen 2006). For the 2007 SAFE report, it was decided that for many of the “other species ” reports and also for unspecified fish such as grenadiers, a full assessment was not necessary, and that an Executive Summary would suffice. Of the seven species of grenadiers known to occur in Alaska, the giant grenadier appears to be most abundant and also has the shallowest depth distribution on the continental slope. As a result, it is by far the most common grenadier caught in the commercial fishery and in fish surveys. Therefore, the grenadier assessment focuses on giant grenadier. Because of a lack of information on the population dynamics of giant grenadier, this species could be classified into

M. Clausen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. EST 8, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. EST Conference Call Minutes Participants: Co-Chairs: Jay Jones (RW), Alex Thrower (EM) Members: Jane Beetem (MO Department of Natural Resources), Kevin Blackwell (FRA), Ray English (Office of Naval Reactors, DOE), Scott Field (Western Interstate Energy Board [WIEB]), Bob Fronczak (Association of American Railroads), Paul Johnson (ORNL), Doug Larson (Western Interstate Energy Board [WIEB]), Bill Mackie (Western Governors' Association), Roger Mulder (Texas Energy Conservation Office), Ellen Ott (DOE General Counsel), Tammy Ottmer (WIEB-Colorado), Jim Reed (NCSL), Tim Runyon (Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety), Conrad Smith (CSG-East), Ruth Weiner (Sandia National Laboratories) Contractor Support: Ralph Best (BSC), Peter Bolton (BAH)Randy Coppage (BAH),

377

draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 (08-93) U.S. Department of Energy ORDER FOR SUPPLIES OR SERVICES ORDER FOR SUPPLIES OR SERVICES PAGE OF PAGES IMPORTANT: Mark all packages and papers with contract and/or order numbers. 1. DATE OF ORDER 2. CONTRACT NO. (if any) 3. ORDER NO. 4. REQUISITION/REFERENCE NO. 5. ISSUING OFFICE (Address correspondence to) BUYER NO. CODE 6. SHIP TO: (Consignee and address, ZIP Code) SHIP VIA: 7. TO CONTRACTOR (Name, address and ZIP Code) 8. TYPE OF ORDER 9 9 A. PURCHASE - Reference your___________________________ ____________________________________________________________ Please furnish the following on the terms and conditions specified on both sides for this order and on the attached sheets, if any,

378

Draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wednesday, November 9, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m. EST Wednesday, November 9, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m. EST Conference Call Minutes Participants: Co-Chairs: Jay Jones (RW) Members: Kevin Blackwell (DOT/FRA), Pat Brady (BNSF), Anne Clark (WGA), Doug Osborn (Sandia National Laboratories), Ellen Ott (DOE General Counsel), Tim Runyon (CSG-MW),Lisa Sattler (CSG-Midwest), Ruth Weiner (Sandia National Laboratories), Sarah Wochos (CSG-MW) Contractor Support: Ralph Best (BSC), Michele Enders (SAIC), and John Smegal (LEGIN) Summary: The conference call began at 11:00 a.m. Eastern time on Wednesday, November 9, 2005. Jay Jones started the meeting by reviewing the items to be discussed during the call. Jay announced that Alex Thrower just sent out the Security Topic Group (STG) Task Plan. The STG's Task Plan overlaps with the RTG's Task Plan and there may need to be a

379

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DSM programs DSM programs between 1989 and 1999, an average of $1.3 billion per year. 1 Interest in these programs gradually grew in the 1980s and early 1990s, then went through a "hiccup" in the mid- 1990s as many states and utilities cut back on their demand-side efforts in order to prepare for electric industry restructuring. Growth resumed in the late 1990s when many states decided not to restructure. Also, even many restructured states decided that demand-side programs were important and created mechanisms to fund and provide such programs, most notably "public benefits" programs, which in many cases are administered and implemented by non-utility organizations. Since the turn-of-the-century, investments in demand-side resources have steadily

380

-DRAFT-  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE/NETL's Mercury Control Technology DOE/NETL's Mercury Control Technology R&D Program for Coal-Fired Power Plants Thomas J. Feeley, III 1. , James Murphy 2. , Jeffrey Hoffmann 2. , and Scott A. Renninger 1. 1. U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory 2. Science Applications International Corporation Abstract Mercury exists in trace amounts in coal. In the United States, coal-fired power plants emit about 48 tons of mercury and are the largest point source of emissions. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has determined the need to control mercury emissions from power plants. In addition, several legislative proposals have been introduced in the 108 th Congress to reduce mercury emissions from the electric-utility sector. Recognizing the potential for mercury regulations, the U.S. Department of Energy/National

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0, 2012 0, 2012 Roland Risser, Director Building Technologies Program U.S. Department of Energy Mail Stop EE-2J 1000 Independence Ave, SW Washington, DC 20585 Subject: Joint Hydraulic Institute/ASAP Letter of March 30 th - Clarification of Point #2 Dear Mr. Risser, We are looking forward to our meeting with you and your staff on May 1 st to present our progress regarding potential energy conservation standards for certain types of pumps. We would like to clarify point #2 in the referenced letter, which addressed potential energy conservation standards for residential circulators. During the joint meeting between Hydraulic Institute and efficiency advocates, we agreed to investigate paths for consideration, and did not specifically agree on a recommended standard

382

Draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 15, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m. EST September 15, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m. EST Conference Call Minutes Participants: Co-Chairs: Jay Jones (RW), Alex Thrower (EM) Members: Jane Beetem (MO Department of Natural Resources), Patrick Brady (BNSF), Sandi Covi (Union Pacific), Scott Field (WIEB-CO), Bob Fronczak (AAR), Eric Huang (DOE Office of Transportation), Paul Johnson (ORNL), Adam Levin (Exelon Generation), Bill Mackie (Western Governors' Association), Ken Niles (WIEB), Doug Osborn (Sandia National Laboratories), Ellen Ott (DOE General Counsel), Lisa Sattler (CSG-Midwest),Conrad Smith (CSG-East), Sarah Wochos (CSG-MW) Contractor Support: Randy Coppage (BAH), Michele Enders (SAIC), Lee Finewood (BAH), and Ron Ross (BSC) Summary: The conference call began at 11:00 a.m. Eastern time on Thursday, September 15, 2005.

383

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 3-4, 2003 November 3-4, 2003 Crowne Plaza Hotel, Arlington, Virginia NERAC members present: John Ahearne, Vice Chairman Robert L. Long Thomas B. Cochran William F. Martin, Chairman Joseph R. Comfort Warren F. Miller Michael L. Corradini (Monday only) Sekazi K. Mtingwa Jose Luis M. Cortez Harold B. Ray Allen G. Croff Richard Reba Marvin S. Fertel Joy Lynn Rempe Beverly K. Hartline Michael B. Sellman Silvia S. Jurrison Allen L. Sessoms Andrew C. Klein Daniel C. Sullivan (Monday only) Dale E. Klein Neil E. Todreas NERAC members absent: Steve Fetter Jerry Paul Corbin McNeill Charles E. Till Richard A. Meserve Also participating: Arnold B. Baker, Chief Economist, Sandia National Laboratories

384

Draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

24, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. EST 24, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. EST Conference Call Minutes Participants: Co-Chairs: Jay Jones (RW), Alex Thrower (EM) Members: Jane Beetem (MO Department of Natural Resources), Kevin Blackwell (FRA), Ray English (Office of Naval Reactors, DOE), Bob Fronczak (Association of American Railroads), Bob Halstead (Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects), Eric Huang (DOE), Paul Johnson (ORNL), Doug Larson (Western Interstate Energy Board [WIEB]), Adam Levin (Exelon Generation Company), Jim Reed (NCSL), Conrad Smith (CSG-East), Steve Sullivan (American Shortline Railroad Association),Ruth Weiner (Sandia National Laboratories) Contractor Support: Ralph Best (BSC), Randy Coppage (BAH),Ed Davis (BSC), Michele Enders (SAIC), Lee Finewood (BAH),and Ron Ross (BSC)

385

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

.3 (January 2012) .3 (January 2012) 1 Compliance with U.S. Export Control Laws, Regulations and Policies References a. Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) 17.6, Management and Operating Contracts b. Department of Energy Acquisition Regulations (DEAR) 917.6, Management and Operating Contracts c. Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (AEA), as amended, http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc- collections/nuregs/staff/sr0980/v1/sr0980v1.pdf#page=13 (accessed 9/27/11) d. "Contractor Compliance with Deemed Export Controls," DOE Inspector General (IG) Report DOE/IG-0645, April 2004 e. "Review of Status of Prior Export Control Recommendations at the Department of

386

Draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 24, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. EST February 24, 2005, 11:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. EST Conference Call Minutes Participants: Co-Chairs: Jay Jones (RW), Alex Thrower (EM) Members: Jane Beetem (MO Department of Natural Resources), Kevin Blackwell (FRA), Dennis Brooks (Texas Energy Conservation Office), Patrick Edwards (PA Public Utility Commission), Ray English (Office of Naval Reactors, DOE), Paul Genoa ( Nuclear Energy Institute), Eric Huang (DOE), Paul Johnson (ORNL), Doug Larson (Western Interstate Energy Board [WIEB]), Bill Mackie (Western Governors' Association [WGA]), Roger Mulder (Texas Energy Conservation Office), Ken Niles (WIEB), Jim Reed (NCSL), Lisa Sattler (CSG-Midwest), Conrad Smith (CSG-East), Sara Wochos (CSG-Midwest) Contractor Support: Ralph Best (BSC), Ed Davis (BSC), Michele Enders (SAIC),

387

DRAFT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

03/1195 03/1195 Healy Clean Coal Project A DOE Assessment Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy September 2003 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

388

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation External Coordination Working Group Meeting Transportation External Coordination Working Group Meeting Albuquerque, New Mexico April 21-23, 2004 The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Transportation External Coordination Working Group (TEC) held its 22 nd meeting on April 21-23, 2004, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. One hundred thirty-two participants, representing national, State, Tribal, and local government; industry; professional organizations; and other interested parties, met to address a variety of issues related to DOE's radioactive materials transportation activities. The TEC process includes the involvement of these key stakeholders in developing solutions to DOE transportation issues through their actual participation in the work product. These members provide continuing and improved coordination between DOE, other levels of

389

DRAFT  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

covering the January report period must be received by February 20). ... Option (PEDRO) is a Windows-based application that will enable you to enter data ...

390

DRAFT  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

began producing electrical and mechanical weapon components for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (a predecessor agency to DOENNSA) in part of the Main Manufacturing...

391

DRAFT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

031195 Healy Clean Coal Project A DOE Assessment Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy September 2003 Disclaimer This report was...

392

DRAFT  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

context of emergency response planning and actual emergencies. SANCTIONS . ... response, including the time of reviewing instructions, searching

393

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a significant utility resource. 5 Electric energy efficiency, load management and demand response programs also have achieved significant levels of demand savings. For...

394

**Draft**  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GUIDELINES FOR AOCS SECTION ORGANIZATION (adopted May 2008) Updated November 2009 1 Table of Contents Introduction Definition of a “Section” Benefits to S

395

DRAFT  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

that DOE will take to achieve its individual GHG-reduction targets, reduce long-term costs, and meet the full range of goals of the order. All SSPPs segregate GHG emissions...

396

draft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 22, 2005 ... Santa Barbara is served by Amtrak Train Service. The Amtrak terminal is located in downtown Santa Barbara and in Goleta. From the terminal ...

397

DRAFT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Steering Committee. ARCHIVE SAFARI 2000 will establish a Southern African Regional Data Center to provide tools for documenting, storing, searching, and distributing data and...

398

DRAFT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Robotic Mobility Platform (RMP 400/ INL) ... if they are outfitted in cumbersome protective suits, which ... Jon Nelson Dynamic Protection Solutions ...

2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

399

Draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closing the Circle: The Department of Energy and Environmental Management 1942-1994 F.G. Gosling and Terrence R. Fehner History Division Executive Secretariat Department of Energy...

400

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

dual-use equipment, materials and related technologies. (Reference p); Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Exporters (Zangger) Committee at: http:www.zanggercommittee.org...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FOR THE TRANSFER OF THE KANSAS CITY PLANT, KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration May 2013 DOE/EA-1947 CONVERSION FACTORS Metric to English English to Metric Multiply by To get Multiply by To get Area Square kilometers 247.1 Acres Square kilometers 0.3861 Square miles Square meters 10.764 Square feet Concentration Kilograms/sq. meter 0.16667 Tons/acre Milligrams/liter 1 a Parts/million Micrograms/liter 1 a Parts/billion Micrograms/cu. meter 1 a Parts/trillion Density Grams/cu. centimeter 62.428 Pounds/cu. ft. Grams/cu. meter 0.0000624 Pounds/cu. ft. Length Centimeters 0.3937 Inches Meters 3.2808 Feet Micrometers 0.00003937 Inches Millimeters 0.03937 Inches Kilometers 0.62137 Miles

402

Draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2005, 12:30 p.m.-1:30 p.m. EST 7, 2005, 12:30 p.m.-1:30 p.m. EST Conference Call Minutes Participants: Co-Chairs: Jay Jones (RW), Alex Thrower (EM) Members: Kevin Blackwell (FRA), Patrick Brady (Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad), Ray English (Office of Naval Reactors, DOE), Paul Johnson (ORNL), Doug Larson (Western Interstate Energy Board [WIEB]), Bill Mackie (Western Governors' Association [WGA]), Ellen Ott (Office of General Counsel, DOE), Tim Runyon (Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety), Lisa Sattler (CSG-Midwest), Ruth Weiner (SNL), Sara Wochos (CSG-Midwest) Contractor Support: Ralph Best (BSC), Andrea Dravo (BAH), Michele Enders (SAIC), Susan Knisely (BAH ), Julie Offner (BAH), and Ron Ross (BSC) Summary: The conference call began at 12:30 p.m. Eastern time on Thursday, January 27, 2005. Jay

403

-DRAFT-  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the Effect of SCR NOx Control of the Effect of SCR NOx Control Technology on Mercury Speciation Thomas J. Feeley, III U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road Pittsburgh, PA 15236 Phone: 412-386-6134 Fax: 412-386-4822 E-mail: thomas.feeley@netl.doe.gov Lynn A. Brickett U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road Pittsburgh, PA 15236 Phone: 412-386-6574 Fax: 412-386-5917 E-mail: lynn.brickett@netl.doe.gov James T. Murphy Science Applications International Corporation 626 Cochrans Mill Road Pittsburgh, PA 15236 Phone: 412-386-4115 Fax: 412-386-4516 E-mail: james.murphy@netl.doe.gov March 2003 Abstract The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) performed an Information Collection Request

404

EA-1919: Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Availability of a Draft Programmatic Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Assessment EA-1919: Notice of Availability of a Draft Programmatic Environmental Assessment Recycling of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas DOE announces the availability for public review and comment of the Draft Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) for the Recycling of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas. This Draft PEA for the Recycling of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas analyzes the potential environmental impacts associated with resuming the clearance of scrap metal, originating from DOE radiological areas, for recycling pursuant to improved procedures designed to assure that clearance for release is limited to metals meeting stringent criteria. This Draft PEA

405

Record of Decision for the Disposition of Surplus Highly Envirched Uranium Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

19 19 Federal Register / Vol. 61, No. 151 / Monday, August 5, 1996 / Notices contact: Carol M. Borgstrom, Director, Office of NEPA Policy and Assistance (EH-42), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20585, Telephone: 202-586-4600 or leave a message at 800-472-2756. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On July 17, 1996, the Department published a notice in the Federal Register (61 FR 37247) announcing its intent to prepare an environmental impact statement for interim storage of plutonium at the RFETS and the commencement of a public scoping period that was to continue until August 16, 1996. The July 17, 1996, notice also announced a public scoping meeting scheduled for August 6, 1996. In response to a stakeholder's request, the Department is rescheduling the public scoping meeting

406

Associate Directorate of Plutonium Science and Manufacturing Workforce Development Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Associate Directorate of Plutonium Science and Manufacturing Workforce Development Program Issue No elements address workforce challenges faced by a Pu Enterprise Environment with a focus on Pu Sustainment. The Plutonium Science & Manufacturing Summer Student Program (PSMSSP) supports the Laboratory's need

407

NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative Completes First Plutonium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was the first shipment of plutonium to the United States under this program. Over 3 kilograms of plutonium was removed and included Swedish, UK, and U.S. origin material stemming...

408

The design and evaluation of an international plutonium storage system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To address the proliferation risk of separated plutonium, a technical and institutional design of an international plutonium storage system (IPSS) is presented. The IPSS is evaluated from two perspectives: its ability to ...

Bae, Eugene

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944-2009 | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

The United States Plutonium Balance, 1944-2009 The United States has released an inventory of its plutonium balances from 1944 through 2009. The document serves as an update...

410

Preserving Plutonium-244 as a National Asset  

SciTech Connect

Plutonium-244 (244 Pu) is an extremely rare and long-lived isotope of plutonium with a half-life of 80 million years. Measureable amounts of 244 Pu are found in neither reactor-grade nor weapons-grade plutonium. Production of this isotope requires a very high thermal flux to permit the two successive neutron captures that convert 242 Pu to 243 Pu to 244 Pu, particularly given the short (about 5 hour) half-life of 243 Pu. Such conditions simply do not exist in plutonium production processes. Therefore, 244 Pu is ideal for precise radiochemical analyses measuring plutonium material properties and isotopic concentrations in items containing plutonium. Isotope dilution mass spectrometry is about ten times more sensitive when using 244 Pu rather than 242 Pu for determining plutonium isotopic content. The isotope can also be irradiated in small quantities to produce superheavy elements. The majority of the existing global inventory of 244 Pu is contained in the outer housing of Mark-18A targets at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The total inventory is about 20 grams of 244 Pu in about 400 grams of plutonium distributed among the 65 targets. Currently, there are no specific plans to preserve these targets. Although the cost of separating and preserving this material would be considerable, it is trivial in comparison to new production costs. For all practical purposes, the material is irreplaceable, because new production would cost billions of dollars and require a series of irradiation and chemical separation cycles spanning up to 50 years. This paper will discuss a set of options for overcoming the significant challenges to preserve the 244 Pu as a National Asset: (1) the need to relocate the material from SRS in a timely manner, (2) the need to reduce the volume of material to the extent possible for storage, and (3) the need to establish an operational capability to enrich the 244 Pu in significant quantities. This paper suggests that if all the Mark-18A plutonium is separated, it would occupy a small volume and would be inexpensive to store while an enrichment capability is developed. Very small quantities could be enriched in existing mass separators to support critical needs.

Patton, Bradley D [ORNL; Alexander, Charles W [ORNL; Benker, Dennis [ORNL; Collins, Emory D [ORNL; Romano, Catherine E [ORNL; Wham, Robert M [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Plutonium Chemistry in the UREX+ Separation Processes  

SciTech Connect

The project "Plutonium Chemistry in the UREX+ Separation Processes” is led by Dr. Alena Paulenova of Oregon State University under collaboration with Dr. George Vandegrift of ANL and Dr. Ken Czerwinski of the University of Nevada at Las Vegas. The objective of the project is to examine the chemical speciation of plutonium in UREX+ (uranium/tributylphosphate) extraction processes for advanced fuel technology. Researchers will analyze the change in speciation using existing thermodynamics and kinetic computer codes to examine the speciation of plutonium in aqueous and organic phases. They will examine the different oxidation states of plutonium to find the relative distribution between the aqueous and organic phases under various conditions such as different concentrations of nitric acid, total nitrates, or actinide ions. They will also utilize techniques such as X-ray absorbance spectroscopy and small-angle neutron scattering for determining plutonium and uranium speciation in all separation stages. The project started in April 2005 and is scheduled for completion in March 2008.

ALena Paulenova; George F. Vandegrift, III; Kenneth R. Czerwinski

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Design features for decontamination in new plutonium facilities  

SciTech Connect

Specific features for preventing, containing, controlling, and removing contamination in the Plutonium Recovery and Waste Treatment Facility are outlined. (LK)

Freiberg, K.J.; Haynes, C.G.

1975-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Plutonium metal and alloy preparation by molten chloride reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satisfactory reduction of molten plutonium trichloride (pure and in combination with 20 wt % sodium chloride) by calcium, lanthanum, and cerium has been demonstrated on the 10-g scale. The yields were satisfactory for this scale of operation, and it is indicated that these reductions may be useful for large-scale operations. Significant separations of plutonium from rare earth impurities was demonstrated for lanthanum and cerium reductions. Preparation of plutonium-cerium and plutonium-cerium-cobalt alloys during reduction was also demonstrated.

Reavis, J.G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

COLUMBIC OXIDE ADSORPTION PROCESS FOR SEPARATING URANIUM AND PLUTONIUM IONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for separating plutonium ions from a solution of neutron irradiated uranium in which columbic oxide is used as an adsorbert. According to the invention the plutonium ion is selectively adsorbed by Passing a solution containing the plutonium in a valence state not higher than 4 through a porous bed or column of granules of hydrated columbic oxide. The adsorbed plutonium is then desorbed by elution with 3 N nitric acid.

Beaton, R.H.

1959-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

415

U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement | National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plutonium Disposition Agreement | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response...

416

PROCESS OF ELIMINATING HYDROGEN PEROXIDE IN SOLUTIONS CONTAINING PLUTONIUM VALUES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A procedure is given for peroxide precipitation processes for separating and recovering plutonium values contained in an aqueous solution. When plutonium peroxide is precipitated from an aqueous solution, the supernatant contains appreciable quantities of plutonium and peroxide. It is desirable to process this solution further to recover plutonium contained therein, but the presence of the peroxide introduces difficulties; residual hydrogen peroxide contained in the supernatant solution is eliminated by adding a nitrite or a sulfite to this solution.

Barrick, J.G.; Fries, B.A.

1960-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

417

Independent Activity Report, Hanford Plutonium Finishing Plant- May 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Criticality Safety Information Meeting for the Hanford Plutonium Finishing Plant [HIAR-RL-2012-05-14

418

Plutonium Isotopic Measurements by Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

The nondestructive assay of plutonium is important as a safeguard tool in accounting for stategic nuclear material. Several nondestructive assay techniques, e.g., calorimetry and spontaneous fission assay detectors, require a knowledge of plutonium and americium isotopic ratios to convert their raw data to total grams of plutonium. This paper describes a nondestructive technique for calculating plutonium-238, plutonium-240, plutonium-241 and americium-241 relative to plutonium-239 from measured peak areas in the high resolution gamma-ray spectra of solid plutonium samples. Gamma-ray attenuation effects have been minimized by selecting sets of neighboring peaks in the spectrum whose components are due to the different isotopes. Since the detector efficiencies are approximately the same for adjacent peaks, the accuracy of the isotopic ratios are dependent on the half-lives, branching intensities and measured peak areas. The data presented describes the results obtained by analyzing gamma-ray spectra in the energy region from 120 to 700 keV. The majority of the data analyzed was obtained from plutonium material containing 6% plutonium-240. Sample weights varied from 0.25 g to approximately 1.2 kg. The methods have also been applied to plutonium samples containing up to 23% plutonium-240 with weights of 0.25 to 200g. Results obtained by gamma-ray spectroscopy are compared to chemical analyses of aliquots taken from the bulk samples.

Haas, Francis X.; Lemming, John F.

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Excess plutonium disposition: The deep borehole option  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the current status of technologies required for the disposition of plutonium in Very Deep Holes (VDH). It is in response to a recent National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report which addressed the management of excess weapons plutonium and recommended three approaches to the ultimate disposition of excess plutonium: (1) fabrication and use as a fuel in existing or modified reactors in a once-through cycle, (2) vitrification with high-level radioactive waste for repository disposition, (3) burial in deep boreholes. As indicated in the NAS report, substantial effort would be required to address the broad range of issues related to deep bore-hole emplacement. Subjects reviewed in this report include geology and hydrology, design and engineering, safety and licensing, policy decisions that can impact the viability of the concept, and applicable international programs. Key technical areas that would require attention should decisions be made to further develop the borehole emplacement option are identified.

Ferguson, K.L.

1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

420

Method for dissolving delta-phase plutonium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for dissolving plutonium, and in particular, delta-phase plutonium. The process includes heating a mixture of nitric acid, hydroxylammonium nitrate and potassium fluoride (HAN) to a temperature between 40 and 70 C, then immersing the metal in the mixture. Preferably, the nitric acid has a concentration of not ore than 2M, the HAN approximately 0.66M, and the potassium fluoride 1M. Additionally, a small amount of sulfamic acid, such as 0.1M can be added to assure stability of the HAN in the presence of nitric acid. The oxide layer that forms on plutonium metal may be removed with a non-oxidizing acid as a pre-treatment step.

Karraker, D.G.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

REVIEW OF PLUTONIUM OXIDATION LITERATURE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief review of plutonium oxidation literature was conducted. The purpose of the review was to ascertain the effect of oxidation conditions on oxide morphology to support the design and operation of the PDCF direct metal oxidation (DMO) furnace. The interest in the review was due to a new furnace design that resulted in oxide characteristics that are different than those of the original furnace. Very little of the published literature is directly relevant to the DMO furnace operation, which makes assimilation of the literature data with operating conditions and data a convoluted task. The oxidation behavior can be distilled into three regimes, a low temperature regime (RT to 350 C) with a relatively slow oxidation rate that is influenced by moisture, a moderate temperature regime (350-450 C) that is temperature dependent and relies on more or less conventional oxidation growth of a partially protective oxide scale, and high temperature oxidation (> 500 C) where the metal autocatalytically combusts and oxidizes. The particle sizes obtained from these three regimes vary with the finest being from the lowest temperature. It is surmised that the slow growth rate permits significant stress levels to be achieved that help break up the oxides. The intermediate temperatures result in a fairly compact scale that is partially protective and that grows to critical thickness prior to fracturing. The growth rate in this regime may be parabolic or paralinear, depending on the oxidation time and consequently the oxide thickness. The high temperature oxidation is invariant in quiescent or nearly quiescent conditions due to gas blanketing while it accelerates with temperature under flowing conditions. The oxide morphology will generally consist of fine particles ( 250 {micro}m). The particle size ratio is expected to be < 5%, 25%, and 70% for fine, medium and large particles, respectively, for metal temperatures in the 500-600 C range.

Korinko, P.

2009-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

422

REVIEW OF PLUTONIUM OXIDATION LITERATURE  

SciTech Connect

A brief review of plutonium oxidation literature was conducted. The purpose of the review was to ascertain the effect of oxidation conditions on oxide morphology to support the design and operation of the PDCF direct metal oxidation (DMO) furnace. The interest in the review was due to a new furnace design that resulted in oxide characteristics that are different than those of the original furnace. Very little of the published literature is directly relevant to the DMO furnace operation, which makes assimilation of the literature data with operating conditions and data a convoluted task. The oxidation behavior can be distilled into three regimes, a low temperature regime (RT to 350 C) with a relatively slow oxidation rate that is influenced by moisture, a moderate temperature regime (350-450 C) that is temperature dependent and relies on more or less conventional oxidation growth of a partially protective oxide scale, and high temperature oxidation (> 500 C) where the metal autocatalytically combusts and oxidizes. The particle sizes obtained from these three regimes vary with the finest being from the lowest temperature. It is surmised that the slow growth rate permits significant stress levels to be achieved that help break up the oxides. The intermediate temperatures result in a fairly compact scale that is partially protective and that grows to critical thickness prior to fracturing. The growth rate in this regime may be parabolic or paralinear, depending on the oxidation time and consequently the oxide thickness. The high temperature oxidation is invariant in quiescent or nearly quiescent conditions due to gas blanketing while it accelerates with temperature under flowing conditions. The oxide morphology will generally consist of fine particles (<15 {micro}m), moderately sized particles (15 < x < 250 {micro}m) and large particles (> 250 {micro}m). The particle size ratio is expected to be < 5%, 25%, and 70% for fine, medium and large particles, respectively, for metal temperatures in the 500-600 C range.

Korinko, P.

2009-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

423

Alternating layers of plutonium and lead or indium as surrogate for plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elemental plutonium (Pu) assumes more crystal structures than other elements, plausibly due to bonding f electrons becoming non-bonding. Complex geometries hamper understanding of the transition in Pu, but calculations predict this transition in a system with simpler geometry: alternating layers either of plutonium and lead or of plutonium and indium. Here the transition occurs via a pairing-up of atoms within Pu layers. Calculations stepping through this pairing-up reveal valuable details of the transition, for example that the transition from bonding to non-bonding proceeds smoothly.

Rudin, Sven Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Draft and Evaluate RFPs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: Draft 5: Draft and Evaluate RFPs to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Draft and Evaluate RFPs on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Draft and Evaluate RFPs on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Draft and Evaluate RFPs on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Draft and Evaluate RFPs on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Draft and Evaluate RFPs on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 5: Draft and Evaluate RFPs on AddThis.com... Getting Started Driving Demand Financing Assess the Market Define Finance Program Objectives Identify & Engage Financial Partners Design the Financing Program

425

Draft Report to Congress: Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Report to Congress: Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 1813, Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study Draft Report to Congress: Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 1813, Indian Land...

426

EIS-0473: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0473: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO2...

427

EIS-0450: DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0450: DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement TransWest Express 600 kV Direct...

428

EIS-0460: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0460: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement FutureGen 2.0 Project,...

429

EIS-0450: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0450: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact Statement TransWest Express 600 kV Direct...

430

EIS-0365: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0365: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Imperial-Mexicali 230-kV...

431

EIS-0460: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0460: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement FutureGen 2.0 Project,...

432

Vehicle Technologies Office: Draft Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Draft Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle R&D Plan to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Draft Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle R&D Plan on Facebook Tweet about...

433

Dehydration of plutonium or neptunium trichloride hydrate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for preparing anhydrous actinide metal trichlorides of plutonium or neptunium by reacting an aqueous solution of an actinide metal trichloride selected from the group consisting of plutonium trichloride or neptunium trichloride with a reducing agent capable of converting the actinide metal from an oxidation state of +4 to +3 in a resultant solution, evaporating essentially all the solvent from the resultant solution to yield an actinide trichloride hydrate material, dehydrating the actinide trichloride hydrate material by heating the material in admixture with excess thionyl chloride, and recovering anhydrous actinide trichloride.

Foropoulos, J. Jr.; Avens, L.R.; Trujillo, E.A.

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

434

Microsoft Word - N01673_B100 AA final draft  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Draft Building 100 Area Draft Building 100 Area Plume Management Alternatives Analysis March 2012 LMS/PIN/N01673 This page intentionally left blank LMS/PIN/N01673 Pinellas County, Florida, Site Environmental Restoration Project Draft Building 100 Area Plume Management Alternatives Analysis March 2012 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Draft Building 100 Area Plume Management Alternatives Analysis March 2012 Doc. No. N01673 Page i Contents Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................. iv Executive Summary .........................................................................................................................v

435

EA-1931: Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Assessment EA-1931: Draft Environmental Assessment Keeler to Tillamook Transmission Line Rebuild, Washington and Tillamook Counties, Oregon Bonneville Power...

436

First Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested | National Nuclear Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested | National Nuclear Security Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > First Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested First Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested July 16, 1945 Los Alamos, NM First Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested

437

First Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested | National Nuclear Security Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > First Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested First Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested July 16, 1945 Los Alamos, NM First Plutonium Bomb Successfully Tested

438

SEPARATION OF PLUTONIUM FROM LANTHANUM BY CHELATION-EXTRACTION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Plutonium can be separated from a mixture of plutonlum and lanthanum in which the lanthanum to plutonium molal ratio ls at least five by adding the ammonium salt of N-nitrosoarylhydroxylamine to an aqueous solution having a pH between about 3 and 0.2 and containing the plutonium in a valence state of at least +3, to form a plutonium chelate compound of N-nitrosoarylhydroxylamine. The plutonium chelate compound may be recovered from the solution by extracting with an immiscible organic solvent such as chloroform.

James, R.A.; Thompson, S.G.

1958-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

National Climate Assessment: Draft Report Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Draft Report Information Print E-mail Draft Report Information Print E-mail Below you will find information about the draft of the Third National Climate Assessment Report. Although the public comment period is now closed, the draft report is still available for download at http://ncadac.globalchange.gov. Click here to view/print a two-page fact sheet about the National Climate Assessment. NCA facsheet What is the National Climate Assessment (NCA)? What are the objectives of the NCA? What is new about the Third NCA? Who is responsible for the NCA? How do I comment on the draft NCA report? What topics are covered in the Third NCA Report? Next steps Expected outcomes and benefits How can I get involved in the NCA? What is the National Climate Assessment (NCA)? The NCA is an important resource for understanding and communicating climate change science and impacts in the United States. It informs the nation about already observed changes, the current status of the climate, and anticipated trends for the future. The NCA report process integrates scientific information from multiple sources and sectors to highlight key findings and significant gaps in our knowledge. The NCA also establishes consistent methods for evaluating climate impacts in the U.S. in the context of broader global change. Finally, findings from the NCA provide input to Federal science priorities and are used by U.S. citizens, communities, and businesses as they create more sustainable and environmentally sound plans for the nation's future.

440

Assessment of the risk of transporting plutonium oxide and liquid plutonium nitrate by truck  

SciTech Connect

A methodology for assessing the risk in transporting radioactive materials and the results of the initial application of the methodology to shipment of plutonium by truck are presented. (LK)

1975-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Excess Weapons Plutonium Disposition: Plutonium Packaging, Storage and Transportation and Waste Treatment, Storage and Disposal Activities  

SciTech Connect

A fifth annual Excess Weapons Plutonium Disposition meeting organized by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) was held February 16-18, 2004, at the State Education Center (SEC), 4 Aerodromnya Drive, St. Petersburg, Russia. The meeting discussed Excess Weapons Plutonium Disposition topics for which LLNL has the US Technical Lead Organization responsibilities. The technical areas discussed included Radioactive Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal, Plutonium Oxide and Plutonium Metal Packaging, Storage and Transportation and Spent Fuel Packaging, Storage and Transportation. The meeting was conducted with a conference format using technical presentations of papers with simultaneous translation into English and Russian. There were 46 Russian attendees from 14 different Russian organizations and six non-Russian attendees, four from the US and two from France. Forty technical presentations were made. The meeting agenda is given in Appendix B and the attendance list is in Appendix C.

Jardine, L J; Borisov, G B

2004-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

442

Weapons-grade plutonium dispositioning. Volume 2: Comparison of plutonium disposition options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Secretary of Energy requested the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Committee on International Security and Arms Control to evaluate disposition options for weapons-grade plutonium. The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) offered to assist the NAS in this evaluation by investigating the technical aspects of the disposition options and their capability for achieving plutonium annihilation levels greater than 90%. This report was prepared for the NAS to document the gathered information and results from the requested option evaluations. Evaluations were performed for 12 plutonium disposition options involving five reactor and one accelerator-based systems. Each option was evaluated in four technical areas: (1) fuel status, (2) reactor or accelerator-based system status, (3) waste-processing status, and (4) waste disposal status. Based on these evaluations, each concept was rated on its operational capability and time to deployment. A third rating category of option costs could not be performed because of the unavailability of adequate information from the concept sponsors. The four options achieving the highest rating, in alphabetical order, are the Advanced Light Water Reactor with plutonium-based ternary fuel, the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor with plutonium-based fuel, the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor with uranium-plutonium-based fuel, and the Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor with plutonium-based fuel. Of these four options, the Advanced Light Water Reactor and the Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor do not propose reprocessing of their irradiated fuel. Time constraints and lack of detailed information did not allow for any further ratings among these four options. The INEL recommends these four options be investigated further to determine the optimum reactor design for plutonium disposition.

Brownson, D.A.; Hanson, D.J.; Blackman, H.S. [and others

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Deep borehole disposition of surplus fissile materials-The site selection process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One option for disposing of excess weapons plutonium is to place it near the base of deep boreholes in stable crystalline rocks. The technology exists to immediately begin the design of this means of disposition and there are many attractive sites available within the conterminous US. The borehole system utilizes mainly natural barriers to preven migration of Pu and U to the Earth`s surface. Careful site selection ensures favorable geologic conditions that provide natural long-lived migration barriers; they include deep, extremely stable rock formations, strongly reducing brines that exhibit increasing salinity with depth, and most importantly, demonstrated isolation or non-communication of deep fluids with the biosphere for millions of years. This isolation is the most important characteristic, with the other conditions mainly being those that will enhance the potential of locating and maintaining the isolated zones. Candidate sites will probably be located on the craton in very old Precambrian crystalline rocks, most likely the center of a granitic pluton. The sites will be located in tectonically stable areas with no recent volcanic or seismic activity, and situated away from tectonic features that might become active in the near geologic future.

Heiken, G.; WoldeGabriel, G.; Morley, R.; Plannerer, H

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Draft Environmental Impact Report LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from TA-55 Plutonium Facility Building (PF-4). This new waste stream is explained in detail in Section Volume Estimate on an Annual Basis ................... 81 Table 12. Average Isotopic Content of Plutonium Plutonium QA Quality Assurance R&D Research and Development R/hr Roentgen per hour RCRA Resource

Knowles, David William

445

Manhattan Project: More Piles and Plutonium, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. MORE PILES AND PLUTONIUM "Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. MORE PILES AND PLUTONIUM (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 At the University of Chicago, meanwhile, Arthur Compton had consolidated most fission research at his new Metallurgical Laboratory(Met Lab). Compton decided to combine all pile research by stages. He continued to fund Enrico Fermi's pile research at Columbia University, while Fermi began preparations to move his work to Chicago. Funding continued as well for the theoretical work of Eugene Wigner at Princeton and of J. Robert Oppenheimer at the University of California, Berkeley. Compton also appointed Leo Szilard head of materials acquisition and arranged for Glenn T. Seaborg to move his plutonium work from Berkeley to Chicago in April 1942.

446

Plutonium Management in the Medium Term  

SciTech Connect

For many years various countries with access to commercial reprocessing services have been routinely recycling plutonium as UO{sub 2}/PuO{sub 2} mixed oxide (MOX) fuel in light water reactors (LWRs). This LWR MOX recycle strategy is still widely regarded as an interim step leading to the eventual establishment of sustainable fast reactor fuel cycles. The OECD/NEA Working Party on the Physics of Plutonium Fuels and Innovative Fuel Cycles (WPPR) has recently completed a review of the technical options for plutonium management in what it refers to as the 'medium term'. For the purpose of the review, the WPPR considers the medium term to cover the period from now up to the point at which fast reactor fuel cycles are established on a commercial scale. The review identified a number of different designs of innovative plutonium fuel assemblies intended to be used in current LWR cores, in LWRs with significantly different moderation properties, as well as in high-temperature gas reactors. The full review report describes these various options and highlights their respective advantages and disadvantages. This paper briefly summarizes the main findings of the review.

Hesketh, Kevin [BNFL Nuclear Sciences and Technology Services (United Kingdom); Schlosser, Gerhard; Porsch, Dieter F. [Framatome ANP (France); Wolf, Timm [Framatome ANP (France); Koeberl, Oliver [CEA Cadarache (France); Lance, Benoit [Belgonucleaire (Belgium); Chawla, Rakesh [Paul Scherrer Institut (Switzerland); Gehin, Jess C. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States); Ellis, Ron [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States); Uchikawa, Sadao [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan); Sato, Osamu [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan); Okubo, Tsutomu [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan); Mineo, Hideaki [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan); Yamamoto, Toru [Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (Japan); Sagayama, Yutaka [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (Japan); Sartori, Enrico [Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (France)

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Plutonium isotope ratio variations in North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historically, approximately 12,000 TBq of plutonium was distributed throughout the global biosphere by thermo nuclear weapons testing. The resultant global plutonium fallout is a complex mixture whose {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu atom ratio is a function of the design and yield of the devices tested. The average {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu atom ratio in global fallout is 0.176 + 014. However, the {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu atom ratio at any location may differ significantly from 0.176. Plutonium has also been released by discharges and accidents associated with the commercial and weapons related nuclear industries. At many locations contributions from this plutonium significantly alters the {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu atom ratios from those observed in global fallout. We have measured the {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu atom ratios in environmental samples collected from many locations in North America. This presentation will summarize the analytical results from these measurements. Special emphasis will be placed on interpretation of the significance of the {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu atom ratios measured in environmental samples collected in the Arctic and in the western portions of the United States.

Steiner, Robert E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; La Mont, Stephen P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Eisele, William F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fresquez, Philip R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Naughton, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Whicker, Jeffrey J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

448

RECOVERY OF PLUTONIUM BY CARRIER PRECIPITATION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The recovery of plutonium from an aqueous nitric acid Zr-containing solution of 0.2 to 1N acidity is accomplished by adding fluoride anions (1.5 to 5 mg/l), and precipitating the Pu with an excess of H/sub 2/0/sub 2/ at 53 to 65 deg C. (AEC)

Goeckermann, R.H.

1961-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Studies on persons exposed to plutonium  

SciTech Connect

The results of four studies of persons exposed, or potentially exposed, to plutonium are summarized. The studies are: a five-year update on clinical examinations and health experience of 26 Manhattan District workers heavily exposed at Los Alamos in 1944 to 1945; a 30-year mortality follow-up of 224 white male workers with plutonium body burdens of 10 nCi or more; a review of cancer mortality rates between 1950 and 1969 among Los Alamos County, New Mexico, male residents, all of whom have worked in or have lived within a few kilometers of a major plutonium plant and other nuclear facilities; and a review of cancer incidence rates between 1969 and 1974 in male residents of Los Alamos County. No excess of mortality due to any cause was observed in the 224 male subjects with the highest plutonium exposures at Los Alamos. Clinical examinations of the Manhattan District workers, whose average age in 1976 was 56 years, show them to be active persons with diseases that are not unusual for their ages. The two deaths in this group over the past 30 years have not been due to cancer. Mortality and incidence data indicate no excess of lung cancer in Los Alamos County males.

Voelz, G.L.; Stebbings, J.H.; Hempelmann, L.H.; Haxton, L.K.; York, D.A.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

NNSS Soils Monitoring: Plutonium Valley (CAU366)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Nevada Site Office (NSO), Environmental Restoration Soils Activity has authorized the Desert Research Institute (DRI) to conduct field assessments of potential sediment transport of contaminated soil from Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 366, Area 11 Plutonium Valley Dispersion Sites Contamination Area (CA) during precipitation runoff events.

Miller Julianne J.,Mizell Steve A.,Nikolich George, Campbell Scott

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

PLUTONIUM PURIFICATION PROCESS EMPLOYING THORIUM PYROPHOSPHATE CARRIER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The separation and purification of plutonium from the radioactive elements of lower atomic weight is described. The process of this invention comprises forming a 0.5 to 2 M aqueous acidffc solution containing plutonium fons in the tetravalent state and elements with which it is normally contaminated in neutron irradiated uranium, treating the solution with a double thorium compound and a soluble pyrophosphate compound (Na/sub 4/P/sub 2/O/sub 7/) whereby a carrier precipitate of thorium A method is presented of reducing neptunium and - trite is advantageous since it destroys any hydrazine f so that they can be removed from solutions in which they are contained is described. In the carrier precipitation process for the separation of plutonium from uranium and fission products including zirconium and columbium, the precipitated blsmuth phosphate carries some zirconium, columbium, and uranium impurities. According to the invention such impurities can be complexed and removed by dissolving the contaminated carrier precipitate in 10M nitric acid, followed by addition of fluosilicic acid to about 1M, diluting the solution to about 1M in nitric acid, and then adding phosphoric acid to re-precipitate bismuth phosphate carrying plutonium.

King, E.L.

1959-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

452

Appendix C Draft Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C C Draft Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix C Draft Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan Cover with Template.doc DRAFT Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan CAPE WIND ENERGY PROJECT BARNSTABLE AND YARMOUTH, MASSACHUSETTS PREPARED FOR Cape Wind Associates, LLC 75 Arlington Street, Suite 704 Boston, MA 02116 PREPARED BY ESS Group, Inc. 888 Worcester Street, Suite 240 Wellesley, Massachusetts 02482 Project No. E159-000 November 29, 2006 ESS Group, Inc. © 2006 - This document or any part may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming, and recording without the express written consent of ESS Group,

453

Determining Plutonium Mass in Spent Fuel with Nondestructive Assay Techniques -- Preliminary Modeling Results Emphasizing Integration among Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL- Determining Plutonium Mass in Spent Fuel withSwinhoe. “Determination of Plutonium Content in Spent FuelS. Tobin, “Measurement of Plutonium in Spent Nuclear Fuel by

Tobin, S. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Low-level detection and quantification of Plutonium(III, IV, V, and VI) using a liquid core waveguide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. , Determination of Plutonium Oxidation States at TraceThe Absorption Spectra of Plutonium Ions in Perchloric Acidor company? Yes/No Plutonium Futures – The Science

Wilson, Richard E.; Hu, Yung-Jin; Nitsche, Heino

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Responses to Public Comments on Draft Vitrification Melter Evaluation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comments on Draft WVDP Vitrification Melter WIR Evaluation Comments on Draft WVDP Vitrification Melter WIR Evaluation 1 To provide greater transparency to the Department of Energy's (DOE) cleanup of nuclear legacy waste, DOE made the "West Valley Demonstration Project Draft Waste Incidental to Reprocessing Evaluation for the Vitrification Melter" (Draft WIR Evaluation) available for public and state review and comment and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) consultation review. The public comments on the Draft WIR Evaluation were submitted to DOE by one individual and two organizations:  Raymond C. Vaughan, PhD.,  The West Valley Citizen Task Force, and  The Coalition on West Valley Nuclear Wastes.

456

2006 Draft Rulemaking Activities Data Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING 2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING ACTIVITIES DATA SHEETS APPLIANCE STANDARDS BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY October 2005 1 Table of Contents (alphabetical order) Product Rulemaking Page Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps less than 65 kBtu/hr, 3-Phase (Commercial) Standards 1 Automatic Ice Makers (Commercial) Standards 2 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Determination 3 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Test Procedure 4 Ceiling Fans and Ceiling Fan Light Kits Standards 5 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Standards 9 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Test Procedure 10 Certain Incandescent Reflector Lamps (ER/BR) Coverage 11 Clothes Dryers (Residential) Standards 12

457

Salmon Creek Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AUGUST 2004 AUGUST 2004 SALMON CREEK PROJECT Draft Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0346 Lead Agency U.S. Dept of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration Cooperating Agencies U.S. Dept of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation Okanogan Irrigation District Salmon Creek Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0346) Responsible Agency: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperating Agencies: U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, Okanogan Irrigation District. County and State Involved: Okanogan County, Washington Abstract: BPA proposes to fund activities that would restore sufficient water flows to Salmon Creek and

458

2006 Draft Rulemaking Activities Data Sheets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING 2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING ACTIVITIES DATA SHEETS APPLIANCE STANDARDS BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY October 2005 1 Table of Contents (alphabetical order) Product Rulemaking Page Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps less than 65 kBtu/hr, 3-Phase (Commercial) Standards 1 Automatic Ice Makers (Commercial) Standards 2 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Determination 3 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Test Procedure 4 Ceiling Fans and Ceiling Fan Light Kits Standards 5 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Standards 9 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Test Procedure 10 Certain Incandescent Reflector Lamps (ER/BR) Coverage 11 Clothes Dryers (Residential) Standards 12

459

Final Draft of RACER Audit  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the approach Waste and Environmental Services - Environmental Data and Analysis plans to take to resolve the issues presented in a recent audit of the WES-EDA Environmental Database relative to the RACER database. A majority of the issues discovered in the audit will be resolved in May 2011 when the WES-EDA Environmental Database, along with other LANL databases, are integrated and moved to a new vendor providing an Environmental Information Management (EIM) system that allows reporting capabilities for all users directly from the database. The EIM system will reside in a publicly accessible LANL cloud-based software system. When this transition occurs, the data quality, completeness, and access will change significantly. In the remainder of this document, this new structure will be referred to as the LANL Cloud System In general, our plan is to address the issues brought up in this audit in three ways: (1) Data quality issues such as units and detection status, which impinge upon data usability, will be resolved as soon possible so that data quality is maintained. (2) Issues requiring data cleanup, such as look up tables, legacy data, locations, codes, and significant data discrepancies, will be addressed as resources permit. (3) Issues associated with data feed problems will be eliminated by the LANL Cloud System, because there will be no data feed. As discussed in the paragraph above, in the future the data will reside in a publicly accessible system. Note that report writers may choose to convert, adapt, or simplify the information they receive officially through our data base, thereby introducing data discrepancies between the data base and the public report. It is not always possible to incorporate and/or correct these errors when they occur. Issues in the audit will be discussed in the order in which they are presented in the audit report. Clarifications will also be noted as the audit report was a draft document, at the time of this response.

Paige, Karen Schultz [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gomez, Penelope E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

A Note on the Reaction of Hydrogen and Plutonium  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plutonium hydride has many practical and experimental purposes. The reaction of plutonium and hydrogen has interesting characteristics, which will be explored in the following analysis. Plutonium is a radioactive actinide metal that emits alpha particles. When plutonium metal is exposed to air, the plutonium oxides and hydrides, and the volume increases. PuH{sub 2} and Pu{sub 2}O{sub 3} are the products. Hydrogen is a catalyst for plutonium's corrosion in air. The reaction can take place at room temperature because it is fairly insensitive to temperature. Plutonium hydride, or PuH{sub 2}, is black and metallic. After PuH{sub 2} is formed, it quickly flakes off and burns. The reaction of hydrogen and plutonium is described as pyrophoric because the product will spontaneously ignite when oxygen is present. This tendency must be considered in the storage of metal plutonium. The reaction is characterized as reversible and nonstoichiometric. The reaction goes as such: Pu + H{sub 2} {yields} PuH{sub 2}. When PuH{sub 2} is formed, the hydrogen/plutonium ratio is between 2 and 2.75 (approximately). As more hydrogen is added to the system, the ratio increases. When the ratio exceeds 2.75, PuH{sub 3} begins to form along with PuH{sub 2}. Once the ratio surpasses 2.9, only PuH{sub 3} remains. The volume of the plutonium sample increases because of the added hydrogen and the change in crystal structure which the sample undergoes. As more hydrogen is added to a system of metal plutonium, the crystal structure evolves. Plutonium has a crystal structure classified as monoclinic. A monoclinic crystal structure appears to be a rectangular prism. When plutonium reacts with hydrogen, the product PuH{sub 2}, becomes a fluorite structure. It can also be described as a face centered cubic structure. PuH{sub 3} forms a hexagonal crystal structure. As plutonium evolves from metal plutonium to plutonium hydride to plutonium trihydride, the crystal structure evolves from monoclinic to fluorite to hexagonal. This change in crystal structure as a result of adding hydrogen is a shared characteristic with other actinide elements. Americium is isostructural with plutonium because they both form cubic dihyrides and hexagonal trihydrides. Reacting hydrogen with plutonium has the practical application of separating plutonium from other materials that don't react as well with hydrogen. When plutonium is placed in a chamber where there is very little oxygen, it can react with hydrogen without igniting. The hydrogen plutonium reaction can then be reversed, thus regaining the separated plutonium. Another application of this reaction is that it can be used to predict how plutonium reacts with other substances. Deuterium and tritium are two isotopes of hydrogen that are of interest. They are known to react likewise to hydrogen because they have similar properties. The reaction of plutonium and isotopes of hydrogen can prove to be very informative.

Noone, Bailey C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Lymph node clearance of plutonium from subcutaneous wounds in beagles  

SciTech Connect

The lymph node clearance of /sup 239/Pu O/sub 2/ administered as insoluble particles from subcutaneous implants was studied in adult beagles to simulate accidental contamination of hand wounds. External scintillation data were collected from the popliteal lymph nodes of each dog after 9.2 to 39.4 mu Ci of plutonium oxide was subcutaneously implanted into the left or right hind paws. The left hind paw was armputated 4 weeks after implantation to prevent continued deposition of plutonium oxide particles in the left popliteal lymph node. Groups of 3 dogs were sacrificed 4, 8, 16, and 32 weeks after plutonium implantation for histopathologic, electron microscopic, and radiochemical analysis of regional lymph nodes. An additional group of dogs received treatment with the chelating agent diethyenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA). Plutonium rapidly accumulated in the popliteal lymph nodes after subcutaneous injection into the hind paw, and 1 to 10% of the implant dose was present in the popliteal lymph nodes at the time of necropsy. Histopathologic changes in the popliteal lymph nodes with plutonium particles were characterized primarily by reticular cell hyperplasia, increased numbers of macrophages, necrosis, and fibroplasia. Eventually, the plutonium particles became sequestered by scar tissue that often replaced the entire architecture of the lymph node. Light microscopic autoradiographs of the popliteal lymph nodes showed a time-related increase in number of alpha tracks per plutonium source. Electron microscopy showed that the plutonium particles were aggregated in phagolysosomes of macrophages. There was slight clearance of plutonium from the popliteal lymph nodes of dogs monitored for 32 weeks. The clearance of plutonium particles from the popliteal lymph nodes was associated with necrosis of macrophages. The external iliac lymph nodes contained fewer plutonium particles than the popliteal lymph nodes and histopathologic changes were less severe. The superficial inguinal lymph nodes of one dog contained appreciable amounts of plutonium. Treatment with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) did not have a measurable effect on the clearance of plutonium from the popliteal lymph nodes. (60 references) (auth)

Dagle, G.E.

1973-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the total energy they use, and California has a long history of leading the push to improve the energyCalifornia Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT ACHIEVING ENERGY SAVINGS IN CALIFORNIA BUILDINGS Saving Energy in Existing Buildings and Achieving a ZeroNetEnergy Future JULY 2011 CEC4002011007SD

463

DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reauthorization of funding for the Renewable Energy Program. Following a legislative history of the RenewableDRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2010 ANNUAL REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE OCOBER 2010 CEC3002010010CTD #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION RENEWABLES COMMITTEE James D

464

DRAFT GUIDANCE Applying for Other Uses of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT GUIDANCE Applying for Other Uses of Phosphogypsum: Submitting a Complete Petition 40 CFR 61 Assignment 0-2 #12;Applying for Other Uses of Phosphogypsum: Submitting a Complete Petition Table of Contents phosphogypsum in stacks? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.4. What

465

Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Draft Fans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reliability, efficiency, and safety of draft fans in fossil fuel power plants depend on effective operating and maintenance practices. These guidelines systematically present state-of-the-art techniques that utility personnel can use in operation, maintenance, troubleshooting, inspection, and weld repair of major fan components and auxiliary systems.

1999-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

466

Revised Draft Forecast of Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Forecasts of higher electricity and natural gas prices will fundamentally challenge energy intensive. These include the reduced growth in natural gas supplies in spite of significant drilling activity and #12;DRAFT the medium-high case, while paper and allied products has been below the medium-low. Future natural gas

467

Plutonium process control using an advanced on-line gamma monitor for uranium, plutonium, and americium  

SciTech Connect

An on-line gamma monitor has been developed to profile uranium, plutonium, and americium in waste and product streams of the anion exchange process used to recover and purify plutonium at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility. The gamma monitor employs passive gamma spectrometry to measure /sup 241/Am and /sup 239/Pu, based on their 59.5-keV and 129-keV gamma rays, respectively. Because natural and depleted uranium present in typical process streams have no gamma rays suitable for measurement by such passive methods, uranium measurement requires a novel and less direct technique. Plutonium-241, which is always present in plutonium processed at Los Alamos, decays primarily by beta emission to form /sup 241/Am. However, a small fraction of /sup 241/Pu decays by alpha emission to 6.8-day /sup 237/U. The short half-life and 208-keV gamma energy of /sup 237/U make it an ideal radiotracer to mark the position of macro amounts of uranium impurity in the separation process. The real-time data obtained from an operating process allow operators to optimize many process parameters. The gamma monitor also provides a permanent record of the daily performance of each ion exchange system. 2 refs., 12 figs.

Marsh, S.F.; Miller, M.C.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

145-2008 145-2008 April 2008 DOE HANDBOOK Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities DOE-HDBK-1145-2008 Program Management Guide

469

The Plutonium-Copper Phase Diagram  

SciTech Connect

The constitution of the plutonium-copper binary alloy as determined by differential thermal analysis is presented. The system is characterized by two congruent melting compounds, PuCu2 (m.p. 865 degrees C.) and Pu4Cu17 (m.p. 954 degrees C.); two incongruent melting compounds, PuCu4 (m.p. 906 degrees C.) and Pu2Cu11 (m.p. 926 degrees C.); three eutectics, 96 atom per cent copper (m.p. 626 degrees), 70.5 atom per cent copper (m.p. 849 degrees C.), and 91 atom per cent copper (m.p. 881 degrees C.); and two peritectics at 75 atom per cent (m.p. 906 degrees C.) and 85.5 atom per cent (m.p. 926 degrees C.). Solid solution was found above 97 atom per cent plutonium. The apparatus, the method of investigation, and the binary alloy phase diagram is discussed.

Rhinehammer, T. B.; Etter, D. E.; Jones, L. V.

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

CRITICALITY CURVES FOR PLUTONIUM HYDRAULIC FLUID MIXTURES  

SciTech Connect

This Calculation Note performs and documents MCNP criticality calculations for plutonium (100% {sup 239}Pu) hydraulic fluid mixtures. Spherical geometry was used for these generalized criticality safety calculations and three geometries of neutron reflection are: {sm_bullet}bare, {sm_bullet}1 inch of hydraulic fluid, or {sm_bullet}12 inches of hydraulic fluid. This document shows the critical volume and critical mass for various concentrations of plutonium in hydraulic fluid. Between 1 and 2 gallons of hydraulic fluid were discovered in the bottom of HA-23S. This HA-23S hydraulic fluid was reported by engineering to be Fyrquel 220. The hydraulic fluid in GLovebox HA-23S is Fyrquel 220 which contains phosphorus. Critical spherical geometry in air is calculated with 0 in., 1 in., or 12 inches hydraulic fluid reflection.

WITTEKIND WD

2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

471

Concentration and purification of plutonium or thorium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In this invention a first solution obtained from such as a plutonium/thorium purification process or the like, containing plutonium (Pu) and/or thorium (Th) in such as a low nitric acid (HNO.sub.3) concentration may have the Pu and/or Th separated and concentrated by passing an electrical current from a first solution having disposed therein an anode to a second solution having disposed therein a cathode and separated from the first solution by a cation permeable membrane, the Pu or Th cation permeating the cation membrane and forming an anionic complex within the second solution, and electrical current passage affecting the complex formed to permeate an anion membrane separating the second solution from an adjoining third solution containing disposed therein an anode, thereby effecting separation and concentration of the Pu and/or Th in the third solution.

Hayden, John A. (Arvada, CO); Plock, Carl E. (Golden, CO)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

REMOTE CONTROL EQUIPMENT FOR PLUTONIUM METAL PRODUCTION  

SciTech Connect

Design and construction of remote control equipment for plutonium metal production are described. Criteria for the design of the equipment included the following: rubber gloves were to be completely eliminated; all mechanisms were to be built as integral units to facilitate replacement through use of the plastic- bag technique; no accessory equipment such as switches, valves, piping, or cylinders were to be inside the contaminated enclosure unless required to handle the plutonium; and all units were to be tested in mockups before final design. The chemical process, general layout, and operating function are outlined. Descriptions are given of all mechanical units, electrical systems, hydroxide slurry systems, ventilation systems, and chemical tanks and manifolds. (W.L.H.)

Hazen, W.C.

1951-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NOT MEASUREMENT NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1145-2013 March 2013 DOE HANDBOOK Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities U.S. Department of Energy TRNG-0061 Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. ii Radiological Safety Training for Plutonium Facilities DOE-HDBK-1145-2013 Program Management Foreword

474

Plutonium stabilization and handling (PuSH)  

SciTech Connect

This Functional Design Criteria (FDC) addresses construction of a Stabilization and Packaging System (SPS) to oxidize and package for long term storage remaining plutonium-bearing special nuclear materials currently in inventory at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP), and modification of vault equipment to allow storage of resulting packages of stabilized SNM for up to fifty years. The major sections of the project are: site preparation; SPS Procurement, Installation, and Testing; storage vault modification; and characterization equipment additions. The SPS will be procured as part of a Department of Energy nationwide common procurement. Specific design crit1460eria for the SPS have been extracted from that contract and are contained in an appendix to this document.

Weiss, E.V.

1997-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

475

STUDIES IN THE NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY OF PLUTONIUM, AMERICIUM, AND CURIUM AND MASSES OF THE HEAVIEST ELEMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Energy Series, Plutonium Project Record, Vol. 14B,Nuclear Energy Series, Plutonium Project Record, Vol. 9, p.Nuclear Energy Series, Plutonium Project Record, Vol. l4B,

Glass, Richard Alois

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

METHOD FOR RECOVERING PLUTONIUM VALUES FROM SOLUTION USING A BISMUTH HYDROXIDE CARRIER PRECIPITATE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Carrier precipitation processes for separating plutonium values from aqueous solutions are described. In accordance with the invention a bismuth hydroxide precipitate is formed in the plutonium-containing solution, thereby carrying plutonium values from the solution.

Faris, B.F.

1961-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

477

Complexation and redox interactions between aqueous plutonium and manganese oxide interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Chemistry of Plutonium (American Nuclear Society,XAS studies with sorbed plutonium on tuff,” J. Synch. Rad.state determination of plutonium aquo ions using x-ray

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence to Measure Plutonium Mass in Spent Nuclear Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and S.J. Thompson,“Determining Plutonium in Spent Fuel withTobin, “Determination of Plutonium Content in Spent FuelFluorescence to Measure Plutonium Mass in Spent Nuclear Fuel

Ludewigt, Bernhard A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

PLUTONIUM RELEASE INCIDENT OF NOVEMBER 20, 1959  

SciTech Connect

A nonnuclear explosion involving an evaporator occurred in a shielded cell in the Radiochemical Processing Pilot Plant at Oak Ridge National Laboratory on Nov. 20, 1959. Plutonium was released from the processing cell, probably as an aerosol of fine particles of plutonium oxide. It is probable that this evaporator system had accumulated -1100 g of nitric acid-insoluble plutonium in the steam stripper packing; the explosion released an estimated 150 g inside Cell 6, with about 135 g in the evaporator subcell, and about 15 g in the larger main cell. No radioactive material was released from the ventilation stacks; no contamination of grounds and facilities occurred outside of a relatively small area of OaK Ridge National Laboratory immediately adjacent to the explosion. No one was injured by the explosion, and no one received more than 2% of a lifetime body burden of plutonium or an overexposure to sources of ionizing radiation either at the time of the incident or daring subsequent cleanup operations. The explosion is considerdd to be the result of rapid reaction of nitrated organic compounds formed by the inadvertent nitration of about 14 liters of a proprietary decontaminating reagent. In cleanup the contamination was bonded to the nearby street and building surfaces with tar, paint, roofing compound, or masonry sealer, as appropriate to the surface. Decontamination of the interior of the pilot-plant building, except the processing cells, was 95% complete on Sept. 1, 1960. Decontamination of the processing cells was delayed 8 months until building modifications could be made to improve containment. Modifications to the pilot plant have been proposed which will preclude dischanges into the laboratory area and its environment of concentrations or amounts of radioactive materials that would be injurious to health or interfere with other laboratory programs. (auth)

King, L.J.; McCarley, W.T.

1961-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

480

Paper: Safeguards design for a plutonium concentrator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the design of a nonlinear estimator to be used in conjunction with on-line detectors for a plutonium nitrate concentrator. Using a complex state-of-the-art process model to simulate 'realistic' data, we show that the estimator ... Keywords: (diversion detection), (nuclear safeguards), Kalman filter, decision theory, nonlinear filtering, nuclear plants, on-line operation, optimal filtering, state estimation

J. V. Candy; R. B. Rozsa

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "draft surplus plutonium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Dose estimates of alternative plutonium pyrochemical processes.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have coupled our dose calculation tool Pandemonium with a discrete-event, object-oriented, process-modeling system ProMosO to analyze a set of alternatives for plutonium purification operations. The results follow expected trends and indicate, from a dose perspective, that an experimental flowsheet may warrant further research to see if it can be scaled to industrial levels. Flowsheets that include fluoride processes resulted in the largest doses.

Kornreich, D. E. (Drew E.); Jackson, J. W. (Joseph W.); Boerigter, S. T. (Stephen T.); Averill, W. A. (William A.); Fasel, J. H. (Joseph H.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

MEANS FOR PRODUCING PLUTONIUM CHAIN REACTIONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A neutronic reactor is described with an active portion capable of operating at an energy level of 0.5 to 1000 ev comprising discrete bodies of Pu/ sup 239/ disposed in a body of water which contains not more than 5 molecules of water to one atom of plutonium, the total amount of Pu/sup 239/ being sufficient to sustain a chain reaction. (auth)

Wigner, E.P.; Weinberg, A.M.

1961-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

483

SUSCEPTIBILIT MAGNTIQUE DE QUELQUES SULFURES ET OXYDES DE PLUTONIUM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

susceptibilite magnétique des sulfures de plutonium : PuS, Pu3S4, PU2S3CXI PuS2. Ces composes non conduc- teurs, semble-t-il, aussi pu3+. II. Prdparation des produits. - II.1. PURET� DES PRODUITS. - Le plutonium que'appuyant sur des mesures cristallographiques, que dans PuS2 et Pu2s3(x le plutonium ait la valence trois. Il

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

484

PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES I N THE NORTH ATLANTIC KEN 0. BUESSELER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The a r t i f i c i a l radionuclide Plutonium (Pu) has been introduced i n t o the environment p r i m ~ : Dbis Recalculated from Core E Pu Data f o r D i f f e r e n t Input Years . 165 #12;CHAPTER 1 Plutonium environment. The main source of t h i s plutonium (Pu) i s atmospheric nuclear weapons t e s t i n g during

Buesseler, Ken

485

PLUTONIUM METALLIC FUELS FOR FAST REACTORS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Early interest in metallic plutonium fuels for fast reactors led to much research on plutonium alloy systems including binary solid solutions with the addition of aluminum, gallium, or zirconium and low-melting eutectic alloys with iron and nickel or cobalt. There was also interest in ternaries of these elements with plutonium and cerium. The solid solution and eutectic alloys have most unusual properties, including negative thermal expansion in some solid-solution alloys and the highest viscosity known for liquid metals in the Pu-Fe system. Although metallic fuels have many potential advantages over ceramic fuels, the early attempts were unsuccessful because these fuels suffered from high swelling rates during burn up and high smearing densities. The liquid metal fuels experienced excessive corrosion. Subsequent work on higher-melting U-PuZr metallic fuels was much more promising. In light of the recent rebirth of interest in fast reactors, we review some of the key properties of the early fuels and discuss the challenges presented by the ternary alloys.

STAN, MARIUS [Los Alamos National Laboratory; HECKER, SIEGFRIED S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

Ion exchange separation and mass spectrometric analysis of uranium for solutions containing plutonium  

SciTech Connect

An ion exchange technique separates plutonium from uranium using Dowex-1 resin and a methanol--HCl plutonium elutriant. The method is applicable to both trace uranium determination and uranium isotopic distribution analysis by mass spectrometry. Distribution coefficients for plutonium, and elution curves for uranium and plutonium are shown. For uranium analysis the percent relative standard deviation is 0.8 at 120-2400 micrograms uranium per gram plutonium and 5.0 at 5 micrograms uranium per gram plutonium. (auth)

McBride, K.C.

1975-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

METHOD OF OXIDIZING PLUTONIUM ION WITH BISMUTHATE ION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is presented for oxidizing plutonium from the tetravalent state to the hexavalent state by means of bismuthate oxidizing agents.

Garner, C.S.

1959-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium October 09, 1950

489

K2: Microstructural Development of Plutonium Alloys via Cooling ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, K2: Microstructural Development of Plutonium Alloys via Cooling Curve ... to gain a better understanding of Pu microstructural development.

490

A Model Ceramic System for Plutonium Disposition - Programmaster ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As-Cast Microstructures in Alloys of U, Pu, and Zr with Minor Actinides (Np, Am) ... Irradiation Effects in Ceramics for Inert Matrix Fuel and Plutonium Disposition.

491

President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

content Facebook Flickr RSS Twitter YouTube President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the...

492

Characteristics and Stability of Oxide Films on Plutonium Surfaces.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The oxidation of plutonium (Pu) metal continues to be an area of considerable activity. The reaction characteristics have significant implications for production use, storage, and… (more)

García Flores, Harry Guillermo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Determination of Plutonium Content in Spent Fuel with Nondestructive Assay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Down Spectroscopy for Direct Pu Mass Measurements,” 8thof reasons for quantifying plutonium (Pu) in spent fuel suchas independently verifying the Pu content declared by a

Tobin, S. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy...

495

Hot Isostatic Pressing of Chlorine-Containing Plutonium Residues ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Some of the plutonium residues wastes at Sellafield contain ... Effect of Alloy Composition on the Environmental cracking of Nickel Alloys in ...

496

Plutonium Certified Reference Materials Price List | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Plutonium Certified Reference Materials Price List New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials Prices and Certificates Ordering Information...

497

Geomorphology of plutonium in the Northern Rio Grande  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nearly all of the plutonium in the natural environment of the Northern Rio Grande is associated with soils and sediment, and river processes account for most of the mobility of these materials. A composite regional budget for plutonium based on multi-decadal averages for sediment and plutonium movement shows that 90 percent of the plutonium moving into the system is from atmospheric fallout. The remaining 10 percent is from releases at Los Alamos. Annual variation in plutonium flux and storage exceeds 100 percent. The contribution to the plutonium budget from Los Alamos is associated with relatively coarse sediment which often behaves as bedload in the Rio Grande. Infusion of these materials into the main stream were largest in 1951, 1952, 1957, and 1968. Because of the schedule of delivery of plutonium to Los Alamos for experimentation and weapons manufacturing, the latter two years are probably the most important. Although the Los Alamos contribution to the entire plutonium budget was relatively small, in these four critical years it constituted 71--86 percent of the plutonium in bedload immediately downstream from Otowi.

Graf, W.L. [Arizona Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States). Dept., of Geography] Arizona Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States). Dept., of Geography

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Criticality Safety Information Meeting for the Hanford Plutonium...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Evaluations Activity Report for Criticality Safety Information Meeting for the Plutonium Finishing Plant Dates of Activity : May 14, 2012 Report Preparer: Ivon Fergus...

499

Chapter 5 -- Experiments with Plutonium, Uranium, and Polonium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: Experiments With Plutonium, Uranium, and Polonium Introduction The Manhattan District Experiments The AEC's Reaction: Preserving Secrecy while Requiring Disclosure Human...

500

Supplement Analysis For Disposal of Certain Rocky Flats Plutonium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of plutonium that will actually be repackaged at RFETS. With regard to the most severe accident scenario, an earthquake, the impacts would be greater than predicted in the...