National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for double beta decay

  1. Neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Zuber

    2012-01-23

    The physics potential of neutrinoless double beta decay is discussed. Furthermore, experimental considerations are presented as well as the current status of experiments. Finally an outlook towards the future, work on nuclear matrix elements and alternative processes is given.

  2. Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven R. Elliott; Petr Vogel

    2002-02-27

    The motivation, present status, and future plans of the search for the neutrinoless double beta decay are reviewed. It is argued that, motivated by the recent observations of neutrino oscillations, there is a reasonable hope that neutrinoless double beta decay corresponding to the neutrino mass scale suggested by oscillations, of about 50 meV, actually exists. The challenges to achieve the sensitivity corresponding to this mass scale, and plans to overcome them, are described.

  3. Double Beta Decay Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nanal, Vandana [Dept. of Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005 (India)

    2011-11-23

    At present, neutrinoless double beta decay is perhaps the only experiment that can tell us whether the neutrino is a Dirac or a Majorana particle. Given the significance of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}, there is a widespread interest for these rare event studies employing a variety of novel techniques. This paper describes the current status of DBD experiments. The Indian effort for an underground NDBD experiment at the upcoming INO laboratory is also presented.

  4. WHY SEARCH FOR DOUBLE BETA DECAY?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kayser, B.

    2010-01-01

    the search for neutrinoless double beta decay may prove verySearching for neutrinoless double beta decay is the onlysensitivity of neutrinoless double beta decay. The potential

  5. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinrich Päs; Werner Rodejohann

    2015-07-01

    We review the potential to probe new physics with neutrinoless double beta decay $(A,Z) \\to (A,Z+2) + 2 e^-$. Both the standard long-range light neutrino mechanism as well as short-range mechanisms mediated by heavy particles are discussed. We also stress aspects of the connection to lepton number violation at colliders and the implications for baryogenesis.

  6. Neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petr Vogel

    2006-11-17

    The status of the search for neutrinoless double beta decay is reviewed. The effort to reach the sensitivity needed to cover the effective Majorana neutrino mass corresponding to the degenerate and inverted mass hierarchy is described. Various issues concerning the theory (and phenomenology) of the relation between the $0\

  7. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Päs, Heinrich

    2015-01-01

    We review the potential to probe new physics with neutrinoless double beta decay $(A,Z) \\to (A,Z+2) + 2 e^-$. Both the standard long-range light neutrino mechanism as well as short-range mechanisms mediated by heavy particles are discussed. We also stress aspects of the connection to lepton number violation at colliders and the implications for baryogenesis.

  8. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroaki Sugiyama

    2003-07-25

    A brief overview is given of theoretical analyses with neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. Theoretical bounds on the ``observable'', _betabeta, are presented. By using experimental bounds on _betabeta, allowed regions are obtained on the m_l-cos{2theta_12} plane, where m_l stands for the lightest neutrino mass. It is shown that Majorana neutrinos can be excluded by combining possible results of future neutrinoless double beta decay and {}^3H beta decay experiments. A possibility to constrain one of two Majorana phases is discussed also.

  9. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay: Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliviero Cremonesi

    2002-10-04

    Present status, and future plans for Double Beta Decay searches are reviewed. Given the recent observations of neutrino oscillations, a possibility to observe $\\beta\\beta(0\

  10. Predicting Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Hirsch; Ernest Ma; J. W. F. Valle; A. Villanova del Moral

    2005-07-12

    We give predictions for the neutrinoless double beta decay rate in a simple variant of the A_4 family symmetry model. We show that there is a lower bound for the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude even in the case of normal hierarchical neutrino masses, corresponding to an effective mass parameter |m_{ee}| >= 0.17 \\sqrt{\\Delta m^2_{ATM}}. This result holds both for the CP conserving and CP violating cases. In the latter case we show explicitly that the lower bound on |m_{ee}| is sensitive to the value of the Majorana phase. We conclude therefore that in our scheme, neutrinoless double beta decay may be accessible to the next generation of high sensitivity experiments.

  11. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahcall, John N.

    2009-01-01

    Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Rev. ),” ina next generation neutrinoless double beta decay search andPARTICLES? NO NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY AND INVERTED

  12. A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Adam Douglas

    2010-01-01

    far unobserved, neutrinoless double beta decay is a possibleright for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 130 Te. Thisprocess, with neutrinoless double beta decay being the most

  13. Constraining neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Dorame; D. Meloni; S. Morisi; E. Peinado; J. W. F. Valle

    2011-11-23

    A class of discrete flavor-symmetry-based models predicts constrained neutrino mass matrix schemes that lead to specific neutrino mass sum-rules (MSR). We show how these theories may constrain the absolute scale of neutrino mass, leading in most of the cases to a lower bound on the neutrinoless double beta decay effective amplitude.

  14. Nuclear matrix elements for double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadim Rodin

    2009-10-30

    The present status of calculations of the nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay is reviewed. A proposal which allows in principle to measure the neutrinoless double beta decay Fermi matrix element is briefly described.

  15. Neutrinoless double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Zuber

    2006-10-04

    The study of neutrinoless double beta decay is of outmost importance for neutrino physics. It is considered to be the gold plated channel to probe the fundamental character of neutrinos and to determine the neutrino mass. From the experimental point about nine different isotopes are explored for the search. After a general introduction follows a short discussion on nuclear matrix element calculations and supportive measurements. The current experimental status of double beta searches is presented followed by a short discussion of the ideas and proposals for large scale experiments.

  16. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberto Garfagnini

    2014-08-11

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is the only process known so far able to test the neutrino intrinsic nature: its experimental observation would imply that the lepton number is violated by two units and prove that neutrinos have a Majorana mass components, being their own anti-particle. While several experiments searching for such a rare decay have been performed in the past, a new generation of experiments using different isotopes and techniques have recently released their results or are taking data and will provide new limits, should no signal be observed, in the next few years to come. The present contribution reviews the latest public results on double beta decay searches and gives an overview on the expected sensitivities of the experiments in construction which will be able to set stronger limits in the near future.

  17. Predicting neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirsch, M.; Villanova del Moral, A.; Valle, J.W.F. [AHEP Group, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular - C.S.I.C./Universitat de Valencia, Edificio Institutos de Paterna, Apt 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Ma, Ernest [Physics Department, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, University of Durham, Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

    2005-11-01

    We give predictions for the neutrinoless double beta decay rate in a simple variant of the A{sub 4} family symmetry model. We show that there is a lower bound for the {beta}{beta}{sub 0{nu}} amplitude even in the case of normal hierarchical neutrino masses, corresponding to an effective mass parameter vertical bar m{sub ee} vertical bar {>=}0.17{radical}({delta}m{sub ATM}{sup 2}). This result holds both for the CP conserving and CP violating cases. In the latter case we show explicitly that the lower bound on vertical bar m{sub ee} vertical bar is sensitive to the value of the Majorana phase. We conclude therefore that in our scheme, {beta}{beta}{sub 0{nu}} may be accessible to the next generation of high sensitivity experiments.

  18. Double beta decay: experiments and theory review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Nucciotti

    2007-07-28

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the most powerful tools to set the neutrino mass absolute scale and establish whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle. After a summary of the neutrinoless double beta decay phenomenology, the present status of the experimental search for this rare decay is reported and the prospects for next generation experiments are reviewed.

  19. Review of double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2014-03-12

    The brief review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Best present limits on $\\langle m_{\

  20. Neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Werner Rodejohann

    2012-08-20

    The connection of neutrino physics with neutrinoless double beta decay is reviewed. After presenting the current status of the PMNS matrix and the theoretical background of neutrino mass and lepton mixing, we will summarize the various implications of neutrino physics for double beta decay. The influence of light sterile neutrinos and other exotic modifications of the three neutrino picture is also discussed.

  1. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    2009-01-01

    Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Rev. ),” incan also cause neutrinoless double-beta decay (see e.g. , [LBNL-53996 Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO

  2. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Neutrino Masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Duerr

    2012-06-04

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a promising test for lepton number violating physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. There is a deep connection between this decay and the phenomenon of neutrino masses. In particular, we will discuss the relation between neutrinoless double beta decay and Majorana neutrino masses provided by the so-called Schechter--Valle theorem in a quantitative way. Furthermore, we will present an experimental cross check to discriminate neutrinoless double beta decay from unknown nuclear background using only one isotope, i.e., within one experiment.

  3. Search for: "neutrinoless double beta decay" | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    neutrinoless double beta decay" Find + Advanced Search Advanced Search All Fields: "neutrinoless double beta decay" Title: Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator Author: Name...

  4. SciTech Connect: "neutrinoless double beta decay"

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    neutrinoless double beta decay" Find + Advanced Search Term Search Semantic Search Advanced Search All Fields: "neutrinoless double beta decay" Semantic Semantic Term Title:...

  5. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and CP Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick J. O'Donnell; Utpal Sarkar

    1993-05-27

    We study the relation between the Majorana neutrino mass matrices and the neutrinoless double beta decay when CP is not conserved. We give an explicit form of the decay rate in terms of a rephasing invariant quantity and demonstrate that in the presence of CP violation it is impossible to have vanishing neutrinoless double beta decay in the case of two neutrino generations (or when the third generation leptons do not mix with other leptons and hence decouple).

  6. Neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino masses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duerr, Michael [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany)

    2012-07-27

    Neutrinoless double beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) is a promising test for lepton number violating physics beyond the standard model (SM) of particle physics. There is a deep connection between this decay and the phenomenon of neutrino masses. In particular, we will discuss the relation between 0{nu}{beta}{beta} and Majorana neutrino masses provided by the so-called Schechter-Valle theorem in a quantitative way. Furthermore, we will present an experimental cross check to discriminate 0{nu}{beta}{beta} from unknown nuclear background using only one isotope, i.e., within one experiment.

  7. CP Violation in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Fukuyama; K. Matsuda; H. Nishiura

    1997-08-19

    We argue three-flavour neutrino mixing. We consider the neutrinos as Majorana particles and see how the neutrinoless double beta decay constrains the neutrino mixing angles. Our formulation is widely valid and is applied to the neutrino oscillation experiment.

  8. Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gómez-Cadenas, J J

    2015-01-01

    This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

  9. Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. J. Gómez-Cadenas; Justo Martín-Albo

    2015-02-25

    This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

  10. Neutrinoless double beta decay with scalar bilinears

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus; U. Sarkar

    2002-11-18

    One possible probe to physics beyond the standard model is to look for scalar bilinears, which couple to two fermions of the standard model. We point out that the scalar bilinears allow new diagrams contributing to the neutrinoless double beta decay. The upper bound on the neutrinoless double beta decay lifetime would then give new constraints on the ratio of the masses of these scalars to their couplings to the fermions.

  11. Searches for neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Schwingenheuer

    2012-01-24

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a lepton number violating process whose observation would also establish that neutrinos are their own anti-particles. There are many experimental efforts with a variety of techniques. Some (EXO, Kamland-Zen, GERDA phase I and CANDLES) started take data in 2011 and EXO has reported the first measurement of the half life for the double beta decay with two neutrinos of $^{136}$Xe. The sensitivities of the different proposals are reviewed.

  12. The search for neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. J. Gomez-Cadenas; J. Martin-Albo; M. Mezzetto; F. Monrabal; M. Sorel

    2012-01-16

    In the last two decades the search for neutrinoless double beta decay has evolved into one of the highest priorities for understanding neutrinos and the origin of mass. The main reason for this paradigm shift has been the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which clearly established the existence of massive neutrinos. An additional motivation for conducting such searches comes from the existence of an unconfirmed, but not refuted, claim of evidence for neutrinoless double decay in $^{76}\\text{Ge}$. As a consequence, a new generation of experiments, employing different detection techniques and $\\beta\\beta$ isotopes, is being actively promoted by experimental groups across the world. In addition, nuclear theorists are making remarkable progress in the calculation of the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements, thus eliminating a substantial part of the theoretical uncertainties affecting the particle physics interpretation of this process. In this report, we review the main aspects of the double beta decay process and some of the most relevant experiments. The picture that emerges is one where searching for neutrinoless double beta decay is recognized to have both far-reaching theoretical implications and promising prospects for experimental observation in the near future.

  13. Probing neutrinoless double beta decay with SNO+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evelina Arushanova; Ashley R. Back

    2015-05-01

    Probing neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the primary goals for SNO+, SNOLAB's multi-purpose neutrino detector. In order to achieve this goal the SNO detector has been adapted so that it can be filled with Te-loaded liquid scintillator. During the initial double beta phase the target loading is 0.3% natural Te, which equates to $\\sim790$ kg of double beta isotope. Estimating the sensitivity to neutrinoless double beta decay requires a well understood background model. For SNO+ this is provided by a comprehensive study considering all possible background contributions, whether they originate from within the liquid scintillator cocktail, the surrounding parts of the detector or other irreducible backgrounds. Given these considerations, for five years running in the initial phase, the expected sensitivity is $T_{1/2}^{0\

  14. Probing neutrinoless double beta decay with SNO+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arushanova, Evelina

    2015-01-01

    Probing neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the primary goals for SNO+, SNOLAB's multi-purpose neutrino detector. In order to achieve this goal the SNO detector has been adapted so that it can be filled with Te-loaded liquid scintillator. During the initial double beta phase the target loading is 0.3% natural Te, which equates to $\\sim790$ kg of double beta isotope. Estimating the sensitivity to neutrinoless double beta decay requires a well understood background model. For SNO+ this is provided by a comprehensive study considering all possible background contributions, whether they originate from within the liquid scintillator cocktail, the surrounding parts of the detector or other irreducible backgrounds. Given these considerations, for five years running in the initial phase, the expected sensitivity is $T_{1/2}^{0\

  15. Recent Results in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisa J. Kaufman

    2013-05-14

    The search for neutrinoless double beta decay is a rich source for new physics. The observation of this decay will lead to understanding of the absolute mass scale of neutrinos, the Majorana nature of the neutrino (whether the neutrino is its own anti-particle), and lepton number violation. Double beta decay is being investigated around the world by several experiments using different candidate isotopes. There has been much progress made in experimental techniques recently such that achieving sensitivity to neutrino masses at 50 meV and below will be possible in the near future. A summary of recent results in neutrinoless double beta decay is discussed with a look toward the experimental goals for the future.

  16. Double beta decays of {sup 106}Cd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suhonen, Jouni [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2011-12-16

    The two-neutrino (2{nu}2{beta}) and neutrinoless (0{nu}2{beta}) double beta decays of {sup 106}Cd are studied for the transitions to the ground state 0{sub gs}{sup +} and 0{sup +} and 2{sup +} excited states in {sup 106}Pd by using realistic many-body wave functions calculated in the framework of the quasiparticle random-phase approximation. Effective, G-matrix-derived nuclear forces are used in realistic single-particle model spaces. All the possible channels, {beta}{sup +}{beta}{sup +}, {beta}{sup +}EC, and ECEC, are discussed for both the 2{nu}2{beta} and 0{nu}2{beta} decays. The associated half-lives are computed and particular attention is devoted to the study of the detectability of the resonant neutrinoless double electron capture (R0{nu}ECEC) process in {sup 106}Cd. The calculations of the present article constitute the thus far most complete and up-to-date investigation of the double-beta-decay properties of {sup 106}Cd.

  17. Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Hirsch

    2006-09-15

    Neutrinoless double beta decay violates lepton number by two units, a positive observation therefore necessarily implies physics beyond the standard model. Here, three possible contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay are briefly reviewed: (a) The mass mechanism and its connection to neutrino oscillations; (b) Left-right symmetric models and the lower limit on the right-handed W boson mass; and (c) R-parity violating supersymmetry. In addition, the recently published ``extended black box'' theorem is briefly discussed. Combined with data from oscillation experiments this theorem provides proof that the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude must receive a non-zero contribution from the mass mechanism, if neutrinos are indeed Majorana particles.

  18. The double-beta decay: Theoretical challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horoi, Mihai

    2012-11-20

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a unique process that could reveal physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics namely, if observed, it would prove that neutrinos are Majorana particles. In addition, it could provide information regarding the neutrino masses and their hierarchy, provided that reliable nuclear matrix elements can be obtained. The two neutrino double beta decay is an associate process that is allowed by the Standard Model, and it was observed for about ten nuclei. The present contribution gives a brief review of the theoretical challenges associated with these two process, emphasizing the reliable calculation of the associated nuclear matrix elements.

  19. The COBRA Double Beta Decay Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dawson, J. V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton. BN1 9QH (United Kingdom)

    2007-03-28

    The progress of the COBRA neutrinoless double beta decay experiment is discussed. Potential backgrounds are described. Estimates on the contamination levels of 214Bi in the detectors have been made using previously acquired low background data. New crystals with a different passivation material show an improved background count rate of approximately one order of magnitude.

  20. Neutrinoless double beta decay in seesaw models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattias Blennow; Enrique Fernandez-Martinez; Jacobo Lopez-Pavon; Javier Menendez

    2014-05-12

    We study the general phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay in seesaw models. In particular, we focus on the dependence of the neutrinoless double beta decay rate on the mass of the extra states introduced to account for the Majorana masses of light neutrinos. For this purpose, we compute the nuclear matrix elements as functions of the mass of the mediating fermions and estimate the associated uncertainties. We then discuss what can be inferred on the seesaw model parameters in the different mass regimes and clarify how the contribution of the light neutrinos should always be taken into account when deriving bounds on the extra parameters. Conversely, the extra states can also have a significant impact, cancelling the Standard Model neutrino contribution for masses lighter than the nuclear scale and leading to vanishing neutrinoless double beta decay amplitudes even if neutrinos are Majorana particles. We also discuss how seesaw models could reconcile large rates of neutrinoless double beta decay with more stringent cosmological bounds on neutrino masses.

  1. Computer code for double beta decay QRPA based calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    the experimental bound [11] on neutrinoless double beta decay (## 0# ). The only way out would be to have two

  2. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Physics Beyond the Standard Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank F. Deppisch; Martin Hirsch; Heinrich Päs

    2012-08-03

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is the most powerful tool to probe not only for Majorana neutrino masses but for lepton number violating physics in general. We discuss relations between lepton number violation, double beta decay and neutrino mass, review a general Lorentz invariant parametrization of the double beta decay rate, highlight a number of different new physics models showing how different mechanisms can trigger double beta decay, and finally discuss possibilities to discriminate and test these models and mechanisms in complementary experiments.

  3. 75 years of double beta decay: yesterday, today and tomorrow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2011-01-24

    In this report I will briefly review the motivation and history of double beta decay search since the first consideration of two neutrino process (2$\\beta(2\

  4. Sensitivity of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandria, F.

    2013-01-01

    of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay b c,:L d e f F .s t results on neutrinoless double beta decay of T e w i t hthe study of neutrinoless double beta decay, J . C r y s t .

  5. The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment Pre-conceptual Design Proposal November 22 Motivation for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1.1 Community Guidance Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.5 Next

  6. JUNO and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao-Feng Ge; Werner Rodejohann

    2015-07-20

    We study the impact of the precision determination of oscillation parameters in the JUNO experiment on half-life predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay. We show that the solar neutrino mixing angle can be measured by JUNO with below 1% uncertainty. This implies in particular that the minimal value of the effective mass in the inverted mass ordering will be known essentially without uncertainty. We demonstrate that this reduces the range of half-life predictions in order to test this value by a factor of two. The remaining uncertainty is caused by nuclear matrix elements. This has important consequences for future double beta decay experiments that aim at ruling out the inverted mass ordering or the Majorana nature of neutrinos.

  7. Importance of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utpal Sarkar

    2007-12-17

    A natural explanation for the smallness of the neutrino mass requires them to be Majorana particles violating lepton number by two units. Since lepton number violation can have several interesting consequences in particle physics and cosmology, it is of utmost importance to find out if there is lepton number violation in nature and what is its magnitude. The neutrinoless double beta decay experiment can answer these questions: if there is lepton number violation and if neutrinos are Majorana particles. In addition, the magnitude of neutrinoless double beta decay will constrain any other lepton number violating processes. This lepton number violation may also be relatd to the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe, dark matter and cosmological constant.

  8. JUNO and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Shao-Feng

    2015-01-01

    We study the impact of the precision determination of oscillation parameters in the JUNO experiment on half-life predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay. We show that the solar neutrino mixing angle can be measured by JUNO with below 1% uncertainty. This implies in particular that the minimal value of the effective mass in the inverted mass ordering will be known essentially without uncertainty. We demonstrate that this reduces the range of half-life predictions in order to test this value by a factor of two. The remaining uncertainty is caused by nuclear matrix elements. This has important consequences for future double beta decay experiments that aim at ruling out the inverted mass ordering or the Majorana nature of neutrinos.

  9. Search for neutrinoless double beta decay with NEMO 3 experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornitza Daraktchieva

    2009-01-18

    NEMO 3 experiment is designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay. It is located in the Modane Underground Laboratory (LSM) and has been taking data since February 2003. The half- lives of two neutrino beta decay have been measured for seven isotopes. No evidence of neutrinoless double beta decay has been found. The limits on both the half-lives of the neutrinoless double beta decay and the corresponding Majorana effective masses are derived

  10. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and its "Inverse"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemens A. Heusch; Peter Minkowski

    1996-11-18

    Recent considerations by these authors pointed out the attractive features which a search for the exchange of heavy Majorana neutrinos could have for solving the mass and the lepton number puzzles for all neutrinos, in TeV-level electron-electron scattering. In the present note, we show that, contrary to subsequently published arguments, non-observation of neutrinoless double beta decay has, to date, no bearing on the promise of this important task for future linear electron colliders.

  11. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Werner Rodejohann

    2010-11-22

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a process of fundamental importance for particle physics. It can be mediated by light massive Majorana neutrinos (standard interpretation) or by something else (non-standard interpretations). We review its dependence on the neutrino parameters, its complementarity to other observables sensitive to neutrino mass, and emphasize its ability to distinguish different neutrino mass models. Then we discuss mechanisms different from light Majorana neutrino exchange, and show what can be learned from those and how they could be tested.

  12. Neutrinoless double beta decay and nuclear matrix elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simkovic, Fedor [BLTP, JINR Dubna, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Comenius University, Mlynska dolina, Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2011-11-23

    The fundamental importance of searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay) is widely recognized. Observation of the decay would tell us that the total lepton number is not conserved and that, consequently, neutrinos are massive Majorana fermions. The 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay is discussed in context of neutrino oscillation data. The perspectives of the experimental 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay searches are analyzed. The importance of reliable determination of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay nuclear matrix elements is pointed out.

  13. Double beta decay and neutrino mass models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helo, J C; Ota, T; Santos, F A Pereira dos

    2015-01-01

    Neutrinoless double beta decay allows to constrain lepton number violating extensions of the standard model. If neutrinos are Majorana particles, the mass mechanism will always contribute to the decay rate, however, it is not a priori guaranteed to be the dominant contribution in all models. Here, we discuss whether the mass mechanism dominates or not from the theory point of view. We classify all possible (scalar-mediated) short-range contributions to the decay rate according to the loop level, at which the corresponding models will generate Majorana neutrino masses, and discuss the expected relative size of the different contributions to the decay rate in each class. We also work out the phenomenology of one concrete 2-loop model in which both, mass mechanism and short-range diagram, might lead to competitive contributions, in some detail.

  14. A background free double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ioannis Giomataris

    2010-12-20

    We present a new detection scheme for rejecting backgrounds in neutrino less double beta decay experiments. It relies on the detection of Cherenkov light emitted by electrons in the MeV region. The momentum threshold is tuned to reach a good discrimination between background and good events. We consider many detector concepts and a range of target materials. The most promising is a high-pressure 136Xe emitter for which the required energy threshold is easily adjusted. Combination of this concept and a high pressure Time Projection Chamber could provide an optimal solution. A simple and low cost effective solution is to use the Spherical Proportional Counter that provides two delayed signals from ionization and Cherenkov light. In solid-state double beta decay emitters, because of their higher density, the considered process is out of energy range. An alternative solution could be the development of double decay emitters with lower density by using for instance the aerogel technique. It is surprising that a technology used for particle identification in high-energy physics becomes a powerful tool for rejecting backgrounds in such low-energy experiments.

  15. The nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simkovic, Fedor [Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynska dolina, SK-84248 Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2007-10-12

    The status of calculation of the neutrinoless double beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay) nuclear matrix elements (NME's) is reviewed. The spread of published values of NME's is discussed. The main attention is paid to the recent progress achieved in the evaluation of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay NME's in the framework of the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). The obtained results are compared with those of the nuclear shell model. The problem of reliable determination of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay NME's is addressed. The uncertainty in NME's are analyzed and further progress in calculation of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay NME's is outlined.

  16. Correlations and the neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menendez, J.; Poves, A. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, and IFT, UAM-CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049-Madrid (Spain); Caurier, E.; Nowacki, F. [IPHC, IN2P3-CNRS/Universite Louis Pasteur, 67037-Strasbourg (France)

    2009-11-09

    We explore the influence of the deformation on the nuclear matrix elements of the neutrinoless double beta decay (NME), concluding that the difference in deformation -or more generally on the amount of quadrupole correlations- between parent and grand daughter nuclei quenchs strongly the decay. We discuss how varies the nuclear matrix element of {sup 76}Ge decay when the wave functions of the two nuclei involved in the transition are constrained to reproduce the experimental occupancies. In the Interacting Shell Model description the value of the NME is enhanced about 15% compared to previous calculations, whereas in the QRPA the NME's are reduced by 20%-30%, thus, the discrepancies between both approaches diminish.

  17. Neutrinoless double beta decay and QCD corrections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namit Mahajan

    2014-01-30

    We consider one loop QCD corrections and renormalization group running of the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude focusing on the short-range part of the amplitude (without the light neutrino exchange) and find that these corrections can be sizeable. Depending on the operator under consideration, there can be moderate to large cancellations or significant enhancements. We discuss several specific examples in this context. Such large corrections will lead to significant shifts in the half-life estimates which currently are known to be plagued with the uncertainties due to nuclear physics inputs to the physical matrix elements.

  18. Neutrinoless double beta decay search with the NEMO 3 experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irina Nasteva; for the NEMO 3 Collaboration

    2008-10-03

    The NEMO 3 experiment searches for neutrinoless double beta decay and makes precision measurements of two-neutrino double beta decay in seven isotopes. The latest two-neutrino half-life results are presented, together with the limits on neutrinoless half-lives and the corresponding effective Majorana neutrino masses. Also given are the limits obtained on neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by Rp-violating SUSY, right-hand currents and different Majoron emission modes.

  19. Neutrinoless double beta decay search with the NEMO 3 experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasteva, Irina [Particle Physics Group, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

    2008-11-23

    The NEMO 3 experiment searches for neutrinoless double beta decay and makes precision measurements of two-neutrino double beta decay in seven isotopes. The latest two-neutrino half-life results are presented, together with the limits on neutrinoless half-lives and the corresponding effective Majorana neutrino masses. Also given are the limits obtained on neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by R{sub p}-violating SUSY, right-hand currents and different Majoron emission modes.

  20. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Supersymmetric Seesaw model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tai-Fu Feng; Xue-Qian Li; Yan-An Luo

    2002-09-26

    Inspired by the recent HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW double beta decay experiment, we discuss the neutrinoless double beta decay in the supersymmetric seesaw model. Our numerical analysis indicates that we can naturally explain the data of the observed neutrinoless double beta decay, as well as that of the solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments with at least one Majorana-like sneutrino of middle energy scale in the model.

  1. Neutron Interactions in the CUORE Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Interactions in the CUORE Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiment Dolinski, M J 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS;...

  2. Exploring the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in the Inverted Neutrino Hierarchy with Bolometric Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artusa, D. R.

    2014-01-01

    Exploring the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in the InvertedC. Giunti, Neutrinoless double-beta decay. A brief review,el- ements for neutrinoless double-beta decay and double-

  3. Overconstrained estimates of neutrinoless double beta decay within the QRPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amand Faessler; Gianluigi Fogli; Eligio Lisi; Vadim Rodin; Anna Maria Rotunno; Fedor Simkovic

    2008-05-29

    Estimates of nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay (0nu2beta) based on the quasiparticle random phase approximations (QRPA) are affected by theoretical uncertainties, which can be substantially reduced by fixing the unknown strength parameter g_pp of the residual particle-particle interaction through one experimental constraint - most notably through the two-neutrino double beta decay (2nu2beta) lifetime. However, it has been noted that the g_pp adjustment via 2\

  4. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with SNO+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Hartnell; for the SNO+ collaboration

    2012-01-30

    SNO+ will search for neutrinoless double beta decay by loading 780 tonnes of linear alkylbenzene liquid scintillator with O(tonne) of neodymium. Using natural Nd at 0.1% loading will provide 43.7 kg of 150Nd given its 5.6% abundance and allow the experiment to reach a sensitivity to the effective neutrino mass of 100-200 meV at 90% C.L in a 3 year run. The SNO+ detector has ultra low backgrounds with 7000 tonnes of water shielding and self-shielding of the scintillator. Distillation and several other purification techniques will be used with the aim of achieving Borexino levels of backgrounds. The experiment is fully funded and data taking with light-water will commence in 2012 with scintillator data following in 2013.

  5. Significant neutrinoless double beta decay with quasi-Dirac neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei-Hong Gu

    2012-09-13

    A significant signal of neutrinoless double beta decay can be consistent with the existence of light quasi-Dirac neutrinos. To demonstrate this possibility, we consider a realistic model where the neutrino masses and the neutrinoless double beta decay can be simultaneously generated after a Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaking.

  6. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John N. Bahcall; Hitoshi Murayama; Carlos Pena-Garay

    2004-04-08

    We assess how well next generation neutrinoless double beta decay and normal neutrino beta decay experiments can answer four fundamental questions. 1) If neutrinoless double beta decay searches do not detect a signal, and if the spectrum is known to be inverted hierarchy, can we conclude that neutrinos are Dirac particles? 2) If neutrinoless double beta decay searches are negative and a next generation ordinary beta decay experiment detects the neutrino mass scale, can we conclude that neutrinos are Dirac particles? 3) If neutrinoless double beta decay is observed with a large neutrino mass element, what is the total mass in neutrinos? 4) If neutrinoless double beta decay is observed but next generation beta decay searches for a neutrino mass only set a mass upper limit, can we establish whether the mass hierarchy is normal or inverted? We base our answers on the expected performance of next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiments and on simulations of the accuracy of calculations of nuclear matrix elements.

  7. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Gauge Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. D. Vergados

    1999-07-12

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a very important process both from the particle and nuclear physics point of view. Its observation will severely constrain the existing models and signal that the neutrinos are massive Majorana particles. From the elementary particle point of view it pops up in almost every model. In addition to the traditional mechanisms, like the neutrino mass, the admixture of right handed currents etc, it may occur due to the R-parity violating supersymmetric (SUSY) interactions. From the nuclear physics point of view it is challenging, because: 1) The relevant nuclei have complicated nuclear structure. 2) The energetically allowed transitions are exhaust a small part of all the strength. 3) One must cope with the short distance behavior of the transition operators, especially when the intermediate particles are heavy (eg in SUSY models). Thus novel effects, like the double beta decay of pions in flight between nucleons, have to be considered. 4) The intermediate momenta involved are about 100 MeV. Thus one has to take into account possible momentum dependent terms in the nucleon current. We find that, for the mass mechanism, such modifications of the nucleon current for light neutrinos reduce the nuclear matrix elements by about 25 per cent, almost regardless of the nuclear model. In the case of heavy neutrinos the effect is much larger and model dependent. Taking the above effects into account, the available nuclear matrix elements for the experimentally interesting nuclei A = 76, 82, 96, 100, 116, 128, 130, 136 and 150 and the experimental limits on the life times we have extracted new stringent limits on the average neutrino mass and on the R-parity violating coupling for various SUSY models.

  8. Neutrinoless double-{beta} decay: Status and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bilenky, S. M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)], E-mail: bilenky@he.sissa.it

    2006-12-15

    A brief summary of the status of neutrino masses, mixing, and oscillations is presented. Neutrinoless double {beta} decay is considered. Predictions for the effective Majorana mass are reviewed. A possible test of the calculations of nuclear matrix elements of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay is proposed.

  9. First results on neutrinoless double beta decay of Te-130 with the calorimetric cuoricino experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01

    Results on Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 130 Te with theEvidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay” arXiv:hep-on “Evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay”- arXiv:hep-

  10. Nuclear physics aspects of double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petr Vogel

    2008-07-15

    Comprehensive description of the phenomenology of the $\\beta\\beta$ decay is given, with emphasis on the nuclear physics aspects. After a brief review of the neutrino oscillation results and of motivation to test the lepton number conservation, the mechanism of the $0\

  11. No-neutrino double beta decay: more than one neutrino

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosen, S.P.

    1983-01-01

    Interference effects between light and heavy Majorana neutrinos in the amplitude for no-neutrino double beta decay are discussed. The effects include an upper bound on the heavy neutrino mass, and an A dependence for the effective mass extracted from double beta decay. Thus the search for the no-neutrino decay mode should be pursued in several nuclei, and particularly in Ca/sup 48/, where the effective mass may be quite large.

  12. NEMO 3 double beta decay experiment: latest results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2008-07-17

    The double beta decay experiment NEMO~3 has been taking data since February 2003. The aim of this experiment is to search for neutrinoless decay and investigate two neutrino double beta decay in seven different enriched isotopes ($^{100}$Mo,$^{82}$Se, $^{48}$Ca, $^{96}$Zr, $^{116}$Cd, $^{130}$Te and $^{150}$Nd). After analysis of the data corresponding to 693 days, no evidence for $0\

  13. Double Beta Decay and the Absolute Neutrino Mass Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Giunti

    2003-08-20

    After a short review of the current status of three-neutrino mixing, the implications for the values of neutrino masses are discussed. The bounds on the absolute scale of neutrino masses from Tritium beta-decay and cosmological data are reviewed. Finally, we discuss the implications of three-neutrino mixing for neutrinoless double-beta decay.

  14. Experimental research of double beta decay of atomic nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. A. Danevich

    2011-12-26

    Results of several double beta decay experiments, performed with the help of low background crystal scintillators, are presented. In particular, the half-life value of the two-neutrino double beta decay of 116-Cd has been measured as 2.9 10^{19} yr, and the new half-life limit on the neutrinoless double beta decay of 116-Cd has been established as >1.7 10^{23} yr at 90%, which corresponds to a restriction on the neutrino mass <1.7 eV. New half-life bounds on the level of 10^{17}-10^{21} yr were set for double beta processes in 64-Zn, 70-Zn, 106-Cd, 108-Cd, 114-Cd, 136-Ce, 138-Ce, 142-Ce, 160-Gd, 180-W, and 186-W by using low-background CdWO4, GSO, and ZnWO4 crystal scintillators. The claim of discovery of the neutrinoless double beta decay of 76-Ge [Mod. Phys. Lett. A 16 (2001) 2409] was analyzed. The demands of the future high sensitivity double beta decay experiments, aiming to observe the neutrinoless double beta decay or to advance restrictions on the neutrino mass to < 0.01 eV, were considered. Requirements for their sensitivity and discovery potential were formulated. Two projects of double beta experiments with a sensitivity on the level of 10^{26}-10^{27} yr (CAMEO and CARVEL projects) were discussed. Scintillation properties and radioactive contamination of CaWO4, ZnWO4, CdWO4, PbWO4, GSO(Ce), CeF3, yttrium-aluminum garnet doped with neodymium (YAG:Nd) crystal scintillators were studied. Applicability of these scintillators to search for double beta decay was discussed.

  15. Double beta decay experiments: beginning of a new era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2012-09-19

    The review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Results of the most sensitive experiments are discussed and values of modern limits on effective Majorana neutrino mass ($) are given. New results on two neutrino double beta decay are presented. The special attention is given to new current experiments with mass of studied isotopes more than 100 kg, EXO--200 and KamLAND--Zen. These experiments open a new era in research of double beta decay. In the second part of the review prospects of search for neutrinoless double beta decay in new experiments with sensitivity to $$ at the level of $\\sim 0.01-0.1$ eV are discussed. Parameters and characteristics of the most perspective projects (CUORE, GERDA, MAJORANA, SuperNEMO, EXO, KamLAND--Zen, SNO+) are given.

  16. Comment on "Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. E. Aalseth; F. T. Avignone III; A. Barabash; F. Boehm; R. L. Brodzinski; J. I. Collar; P. J. Doe; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; E. Fiorini; R. J. Gaitskell; G. Gratta; R. Hazama; K. Kazkaz; G. S. King III; R. T. Kouzes; H. S. Miley; M. K. Moe; A. Morales; J. Morales; A. Piepke; R. G. H. Robertson; W. Tornow; P. Vogel; R. A. Warner; J. F. Wilkerson

    2002-05-22

    We comment on the recent claim for the experimental observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay. We discuss several limitations in the analysis provided in that paper and conclude that there is no basis for the presented claim.

  17. Effect of nuclear deformation on double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodin, Vadim [Institute fuer Theoretische Physik der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    2009-11-09

    The existing ways of accounting for deformation in recent calculations of neutrinoless double beta decay matrix elements are discussed. From an analysis of relevant experimental data it is argued that only {sup 150}Nd reveals convincing evidences of strong static deformation, which should eventually be taken into account in QRPA calculations. A proposal which allows in principle to measure the neutrino less double beta decay Fermi matrix element is briefly described.

  18. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with Negligible Neutrino Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswajoy Brahmachari; Ernest Ma

    2002-02-27

    If the electron neutrino has an effective nonzero Majorana mass, then neutrinoless double beta decay will occur. However, the latter is possible also with a negligible neutrino mass. We show how this may happen in a simple model of scalar diquarks and dileptons. This possibility allows neutrino masses to be small and hierarchical, without conflicting with the possible experimental evidence of neutrinoless double beta decay.

  19. TOWARDS A PRECISION MEASUREMENT OF THE HALF LIFE OF NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY OF 136

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gratta, Giorgio

    ). Even if debatable, a first hint came from the claimed observation of neutrinoless double beta decay

  20. The GERDA Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majorovits, Bela A. [Max Planck Institut fuer Physik, Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Munich (Germany)

    2007-10-12

    Neutrinoless double beta (0{nu}{beta}{beta})-decay is the key process to gain understanding of the nature of neutrinos. The GErmanium Detector Array (GERDA) is designed to search for 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay of the isotope {sup 76}Ge. Germanium crystals enriched in {sup 76}Ge, acting as source and detector simultaneously, will be submerged directly into an ultra pure cooling medium that also serves as a radiation shield. This concept will allow for a reduction of the background by up to two orders of magnitudes with respect to earlier experiments.

  1. Empirical Survey of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Matrix Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. G. H. Robertson

    2013-01-07

    Neutrinoless double beta decay has been the subject of intensive theoretical work as it represents the only practical approach to discovering whether neutrinos are Majorana particles or not, and whether lepton number is a conserved quantum number. Available calculations of matrix elements and phase-space factors are reviewed from the perspective of a future large-scale experimental search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Somewhat unexpectedly, a uniform inverse correlation between phase space and the square of the nuclear matrix element emerges. As a consequence, no isotope is either favored or disfavored; all have qualitatively the same decay rate per unit mass for any given value of the Majorana mass.

  2. Complementarity of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dodelson, Scott; Lykken, Joseph

    2014-03-20

    Neutrinoless double beta decay experiments constrain one combination of neutrino parameters, while cosmic surveys constrain another. This complementarity opens up an exciting range of possibilities. If neutrinos are Majorana particles, and the neutrino masses follow an inverted hierarchy, then the upcoming sets of both experiments will detect signals. The combined constraints will pin down not only the neutrino masses but also constrain one of the Majorana phases. If the hierarchy is normal, then a beta decay detection with the upcoming generation of experiments is unlikely, but cosmic surveys could constrain the sum of the masses to be relatively heavy, thereby producing a lower bound for the neutrinoless double beta decay rate, and therefore an argument for a next generation beta decay experiment. In this case as well, a combination of the phases will be constrained.

  3. Searching for Double Beta Decay with the Enriched Xenon Observatory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, C.; /SLAC

    2007-03-16

    The Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO) Collaboration is building a series of experiments to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of {sup 136}Xe. The first experiment, known as EXO-200, will utilize 200 kg of xenon enriched to 80% in the isotope of interest, making it the largest double beta decay experiment to date by one order of magnitude. This experiment is rapidly being constructed, and will begin data taking in 2007. The EXO collaboration is also developing a technique to identify on an event-by-event basis the daughter barium ion of the double beta decay. If successful, this method would eliminate all conventional radioactive backgrounds to the decay, resulting in an ideal experiment. We summarize here the current status of EXO-200 construction and the barium tag R&D program.

  4. Double beta decay to the excited states: experimental review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2007-10-11

    A brief review on double beta decay to excited states of daughter nuclei is given. The ECEC(ov) transision to the excited states are discussed in association with a possible enhancement of the decay rate by several orders of magnitude.

  5. Scaling factor inconsistencies in neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowell, S. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2006-02-15

    The modern theory of neutrinoless double beta decay includes a scaling factor that has often been treated inconsistently in the literature. The nuclear contribution to the decay half-life can be suppressed by 15%-20% when scaling factors are mismatched. Correspondingly, is overestimated.

  6. Scaling Factor Inconsistencies in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Cowell

    2005-12-05

    The modern theory of neutrinoless double beta decay includes a scaling factor that has often been treated inconsistently in the literature. The nuclear contribution to the decay half life can be suppressed by 15-20% when scaling factors are mismatched. Correspondingly, $$ is overestimated.

  7. Possible background reductions in double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Arnold; C. Augier; J. Baker; A. Barabash; O. Bing; V. Brudanin; A. J. Caffrey; E. Caurier; K. Errahmane; A. -I. Etienvre; J. L. Guyonnet; F. Hubert; Ph. Hubert; C. Jollet; S. Jullian; O. Kochetov; V. Kovalenko; D. Lalanne; F. Leccia; C. Longuemare; Ch. Marquet; F. Mauger; H. W. Nicholson; H. Ohsumi; F. Piquemal; J-L. Reyss; X. Sarazin; Yu. Shitov; L. Simard; I. Stekl; J. Suhonen; C. S. Sutton; G. Szklarz; V. Timkin; V. Tretyak; V. Umatov; L. Vala; I. Vanyushin; V. Vasilyev; V. Vorobel; Ts. Vylov

    2003-02-19

    The background induced by radioactive impurities of $^{208}\\rm Tl$ and $^{214}\\rm Bi$ in the source of the double beta experiment NEMO-3 has been investigated. New methods of data analysis which decrease the background from the above mentioned contamination are identified. The techniques can also be applied to other double beta decay experiments capable of measuring independently the energies of the two electrons.

  8. Neutrinoless double beta decay and direct searches for neutrino mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craig Aalseth; Henning Back; Loretta Dauwe; David Dean; Guido Drexlin; Yuri Efremenko; Hiro Ejiri; Steven Elliott; Jon Engel; Brian Fujikawa; Reyco Henning; G. W. Hoffmann; Karol Lang; Kevin Lesko; Tadafumi Kishimoto; Harry Miley; Rick Norman; Silvia Pascoli; Serguey Petcov; Andreas Piepke; Werner Rodejohann; David Saltzberg; Sean Sutton; Petr Vogel; Ray Warner; John Wilkerson; Lincoln Wolfenstein

    2004-12-21

    Study of the neutrinoless double beta decay and searches for the manifestation of the neutrino mass in ordinary beta decay are the main sources of information about the absolute neutrino mass scale, and the only practical source of information about the charge conjugation properties of the neutrinos. Thus, these studies have a unique role in the plans for better understanding of the whole fast expanding field of neutrino physics.

  9. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments? John N. Bahcall,* Hitoshi Murayama,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahcall, John

    What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments? John N. Bahcall,* Hitoshi-generation neutrinoless double beta decay and normal neutrino beta decay experi- ments can answer four fundamental questions. 1 If neutrinoless double beta decay searches do not detect a signal, and if the spectrum is known

  10. Predictions for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in the 3+1 Sterile Neutrino Scenario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giunti, C

    2015-01-01

    In this proceeding we present predictions of the effective Majorana mass $|m_{\\beta\\beta}|$ in neutrinoless double-$\\beta$ decay for the standard $3\

  11. Chiral Two-body Currents and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menendez, Javier [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany); ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2011-12-16

    The nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) of neutrinoless double-beta (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) decay are studied using weak currents derived in the framework of chiral effective field theory. Apart from the standard one-body (1b) currents, it is shown that two-body (2b) currents contribute to weak processes. The normal-ordered 1b part of 2b currents modifies the Gamow-Teller (GT){sigma}{tau}{sup -} part of the 1b current, contributing to the well-known quenching of GT single-{beta} decays. The momentum-transfer dependence of the quenching due to 2b currents is also predicted. Therefore, including 2b currents allows to address, microscopically, the problem of the axial weak coupling (g{sub A}) value, which is the biggest uncertainty in the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay NME calculations for all available methods.

  12. Neutrino minimal standard model predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bezrukov, F. [Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 60th October Anniversary prospect 7a, Moscow 117312 (Russian Federation) and Institut de Theorie des Phenomenes Physiques, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2005-10-01

    Prediction of the effective Majorana mass for neutrinoless double {beta} decay in a simple extension of the standard model ({nu}MSM) is given. The model adds three right-handed neutrinos with masses smaller than the electroweak scale and explains dark matter of the Universe. This leads to constraints 1.3beta}}{sub {beta}}{sup NH}<3.4 meV in normal neutrino mass hierarchy and 13beta}}{sub {beta}}{sup IH}<50 meV in inverted hierarchy.

  13. Q value of the 100Mo Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Rahaman; V. -V. Elomaa; T. Eronen; J. Hakala; A. Jokinen; J. Julin; A. Kankainen; A. Saastamoinen; J. Suhonen; C. Weber; J. Äystö

    2007-12-20

    Penning trap measurements using mixed beams of 100Mo - 100Ru and 76Ge - 76Se have been utilized to determine the double-beta decay Q-values of 100Mo and 76Ge with uncertainties less than 200 eV. The value for 76Ge, 2039.04(16) keV is in agreement with the published SMILETRAP value. The new value for 100Mo, 3034.40(17) keV is 30 times more precise than the previous literature value, sufficient for the ongoing neutrinoless double-beta decay searches in 100Mo. Moreover, the precise Q-value is used to calculate the phase-space integrals and the experimental nuclear matrix element of double-beta decay.

  14. Heavy Sterile Neutrinos and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manimala Mitra; Goran Senjanovic; Francesco Vissani

    2012-05-17

    Sterile neutrinos of mass up to a few tens of TeV can saturate the present experimental bound of neutrinoless double beta decay process. Due to the updated nuclear matrix elements, the bound on mass and mixing angle is now improved by one order of magnitude. We have performed a detailed analysis of neutrinoless double beta decay for the minimal Type I seesaw scenario. We have shown that in spite of the naive expectation that the light neutrinos give the dominant contribution, sterile neutrinos can saturate the present experimental bound of neutrinoless double beta decay process. However, in order to be consistent with radiative stability of light neutrino masses, the mass scale of sterile neutrinos should be less than 10 GeV.

  15. Short-range correlations and neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Kortelainen; O. Civitarese; J. Suhonen; J. Toivanen

    2007-01-18

    In this work we report on the effects of short-range correlations upon the matrix elements of neutrinoless double beta decay. We focus on the calculation of the matrix elements of the neutrino-mass mode of neutrinoless double beta decays of 48Ca and 76Ge. The nuclear-structure components of the calculation, that is the participant nuclear wave functions, have been calculated in the shell-model scheme for 48Ca and in the proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation (pnQRPA) scheme for 76Ge. We compare the traditional approach of using the Jastrow correlation function with the more complete scheme of the unitary correlation operator method (UCOM). Our results indicate that the Jastrow method vastly exaggerates the effects of short-range correlations on the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements.

  16. Consistency test of neutrinoless double beta decay with one isotope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Duerr; Manfred Lindner; Kai Zuber

    2011-11-17

    We discuss a consistency test which makes it possible to discriminate unknown nuclear background lines from neutrinoless double beta decay with only one isotope. By considering both the transition to the ground state and to the first excited $0^+$ state, a sufficiently large detector can reveal if neutrinoless double beta decay or some other nuclear physics process is at work. Such a detector could therefore simultaneously provide a consistency test for a certain range of Majorana masses and be sensitive to lower values of the effective Majorana mass.

  17. Double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolhinen, V. S.; Eronen, T.; Gorelov, D.; Hakala, J.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Moore, I. D.; Rissanen, J.; Saastamoinen, A.; Suhonen, J.; Aeystoe, J. [Department of Physics, P. O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2010-08-15

    The double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd was determined by using the JYFLTRAP Penning trap mass spectrometer. The measured mass difference between {sup 150}Nd and {sup 150}Sm is 3371.38(20) keV. This new value deviates by 3.7 keV from the previously adopted value of 3367.7(22) keV and is a factor of 10 more precise. Accurate knowledge of this Q value is important because {sup 150}Nd is a primary candidate to be used in the search for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay modes in several experiments.

  18. Consistency test of neutrinoless double beta decay with one isotope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duerr, Michael; Lindner, Manfred [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, 69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Zuber, Kai [Technical University Dresden, Institut fuer Kern- und Teilchenphysik, 01069 Dresden (Germany)

    2011-11-01

    We discuss a consistency test which makes it possible to discriminate unknown nuclear background lines from neutrinoless double beta decay with only one isotope. By considering both the transition to the ground state and to the first excited 0{sup +} state, a sufficiently large detector can reveal if neutrinoless double beta decay or some other nuclear physics process is at work. Such a detector could therefore simultaneously provide a consistency test for a certain range of Majorana masses and be sensitive to lower values of the effective Majorana mass .

  19. Status and prospects of searches for neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Schwingenheuer

    2012-10-28

    The simultaneous beta decay of two neutrons in a nucleus without the emission of neutrinos (called neutrinoless double beta decay) is a lepton number violating process which is not allowed in the Standard Model of particle physics. More than a dozen experiments using different candidate isotopes and a variety of detection techniques are searching for this decay. Some (EXO-200, Kamland-Zen, GERDA) started to take data recently. EXO and Kamland-Zen have reported first limits of the half life $T_{1/2}^{0\

  20. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Heavy Deformed Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jorge G. Hirsch; O. Castaños; P. O. Hess

    1994-07-12

    The zero neutrino mode of the double beta decay in heavy deformed nuclei is investigated in the framework of the pseudo SU(3) model, which has provided an accurate description of collective nuclear structure and predicted half-lives for the two neutrino mode in good agreement with experiments. In the case of $^{238}U$ the calculated zero neutrino half-life is at least three orders of magnitude greater than the two neutrino one, giving strong support of the identification of the radiochemically determined half-life as being the two neutrino double beta decay. For $^{150}Nd$ the zero neutrino matrix elements are of the order of magnitude of, but lesser than, those evaluated using the QRPA. This result confirms that different nuclear models produce similar zero neutrino matrix elements, contrary to the two neutrino case. Using these pseudo SU(3) results and the upper limit for the neutrino mass we estimate the $\\beta\\beta_{0\

  1. Spectroscopy of Double-Beta and Inverse-Beta Decays from 100Mo for Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Ejiri; J. Engel; R. Hazama; P. Krastev; N. Kudomi; R. G. H. Robertson

    2000-05-15

    Spectroscopic studies of two beta-rays from 100Mo are shown to be of potential interest for investigating both the Majorana neutrino mass by neutrinoless double beta-decay and low energy solar neutrino's by inverse beta-decay. With a multi-ton 100Mo detector, coincidence studies of correlated beta-beta from neutrinoless double beta-decay, together with the large Q value, permit identification of the neutrino-mass term with a sensitivity of ~ 0.03 eV. Correlation studies of the inverse beta and the successive beta-decay of 100Tc, together with the large capture rates for low energy solar neutrino's, make it possible to detect in realtime individual low energy solar neutrino in the same detector.

  2. Pionic contribution to neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vergados, J. D. [Physics Department, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GR 451 10 (Greece); Theory Division, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Faessler, Amand [Institute fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen (Germany); Toki, H. [RCNP, Osaka University, Osaka, 567-0047 (Japan)

    2010-02-01

    It is well known that neutrinoless double decay is going to play a crucial role in settling the neutrino properties, which cannot be extracted from the neutrino oscillation data. It is, in particular, expected to settle the absolute scale of neutrino mass and determine whether the neutrinos are Majorana particles, i.e. they coincide with their own antiparticles. In order to extract the average neutrino mass from the data, one must be able to estimate the contribution of all possible high mass intermediate particles. The latter, which occur in practically all extensions of the standard model, can, in principle, be differentiated from the usual mass term, if data from various targets are available. One, however, must first be able to reliably calculate the corresponding nuclear matrix elements. Such calculations are extremely difficult since the effective transition operators are very short ranged. For such operators processes like pionic contributions, which are usually negligible, turn out to be dominant. We study such an effect in a nonrelativistic quark model for the pion and the nucleon.

  3. Computer code for double beta decay QRPA based calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbero, C. A.; Mariano, A.; Krmpoti?, F.; Samana, A. R.; Ferreira, V. dos Santos; Bertulani, C. A.

    2014-11-11

    The computer code developed by our group some years ago for the evaluation of nuclear matrix elements, within the QRPA and PQRPA nuclear structure models, involved in neutrino-nucleus reactions, muon capture and ?{sup ±} processes, is extended to include also the nuclear double beta decay.

  4. Neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by the neutrino magnetic moment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Gó?d?; Wies?aw A. Kami?ski

    2014-11-07

    We present a new channel of the neutrinoless double beta decay. In this scenario neutrinos not only oscillate inside the nucleus but also interact with an external non-uniform magnetic field. We assume that the field rotates about the direction of motion of the neutrino and show, that for a certain speed of rotation the half-life of the $0\

  5. Effects of New Gravitational Interactions on Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. V. Klapdor--Kleingrothaus; H. Päs; U. Sarkar

    2000-04-13

    It has recently been proposed that violations of Lorentz invariance or violations of the equivalence principle can be constrained from the non-observation of neutrinoless double beta decay. We generalize this analysis to all possible new gravitational interactions and discuss briefly the constraints for different cases.

  6. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with R-parity Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yosuke Uehara

    2002-06-26

    We consider recently observed neutrinoless double beta decay in the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model with R-parity violating couplings lambda^{'}. We observe that most of the current experimental bounds on the R-parity violating couplings do not exclude the possibility that the neutrinoless double beta decay is caused by R-parity violation. But if we consider K-bar{K} oscillation, we observe that we have to make the R-parity violating couplings generation-dependent to accomodate with the observed neutrinoless double beta decay. And furthermore, we need some mechanism to cancel the contribution to K-bar{K} mixing from a large R-parity violating coupling. We realized this cancellation by assuming that the first- and the second- generation of quark sector do not couple with the first-generation lepton sector by R-parity violating couplings except the term W=lambda_{111}^{'} L_{1} Q_{1} D_{1}^{c}, which is responsible for the observed neutrinoless double beta decay.

  7. Majorana neutrino masses and the neutrinoless double-beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faessler, A. [University of Tuebingen, Institute of Theoretical Physics (Germany)], E-mail: amand.faessler@uni-tuebingen.de

    2006-12-15

    Neutrinoless double-beta decay is forbidden in the Standard Model of electroweak and strong interaction but allowed in most Grand Unified Theories (GUTs). Only if the neutrino is a Majorana particle (identical with its antiparticle) and if it has a mass is neutrinoless double-beta decay allowed. Apart from one claim that the neutrinoless double-beta decay in {sup 76}Ge is measured, one has only upper limits for this transition probability. But even the upper limits allow one to give upper limits for the electron Majorana neutrino mass and upper limits for parameters of GUTs and the minimal R-parity-violating supersymmetric model. One further can give lower limits for the vector boson mediating mainly the right-handed weak interaction and the heavy mainly right-handed Majorana neutrino in left-right symmetric GUTs. For that, one has to assume that the specific mechanism is the leading one for neutrinoless double-beta decay and one has to be able to calculate reliably the corresponding nuclear matrix elements. In the present work, one discusses the accuracy of the present status of calculating of the nuclear matrix elements and the corresponding limits of GUTs and supersymmetric parameters.

  8. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and {nu}-Mass Determination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pedretti, M. [Universita dell Insubria, Via Vallegio 11, 22100 Como (Italy)

    2005-10-12

    The search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay could improve our knowledge on neutrino properties. After a brief discussion on the implications of the observation of this rare process, I will introduce the experimental approaches and review the prospects of the search for this nuclear transition.

  9. New Advances in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Matrix Elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munoz, Jose Barea [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, C.S.I.C. Unidad Asociada al Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, 41080 Sevilla (Spain)

    2010-08-04

    We present the matrix elements necessary to evaluate the half-life of some neutrinoless double beta decay candidates in the framework of the microscopic interacting boson model (IBM). We compare our results with those from other models and extract some simple features of the calculations.

  10. Conditions for detecting CP violation via neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alicja Joniec; Marek Zralek

    2005-12-30

    Neutrinoless double beta decay data together with information on the absolute neutrino masses obtained from the future KATRIN experiment and/or astrophysical measurements give a chance to find CP violation in the lepton sector with Majorana neutrinos. We derive and discuss necessary conditions which make discovery of such CP violation possible for the future neutrino oscillation and mass measurements data.

  11. Neutrinoless double beta decay in the microscopic interacting boson model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iachello, F. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Sloane Physics Laboratory Yale University New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States)

    2009-11-09

    The results of a calculation of the nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay in the closure approximation in several nuclei within the framework of the microscopic interacting boson model (IBM-2) are presented and compared with those calculated in the shell model (SM) and quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA)

  12. Conditions for detecting CP violation via neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joniec, A.; Zralek, M. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)

    2006-02-01

    Neutrinoless double beta decay data, together with information on the absolute neutrino masses obtained from the future KATRIN experiment and/or astrophysical measurements, provide a chance to find CP violation in the lepton sector with Majorana neutrinos. We derive and discuss necessary conditions which make discovery of such CP violation possible for the future neutrino oscillation and mass measurements data.

  13. Neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by the neutrino magnetic moment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gó?d?, Marek

    2014-01-01

    We present a new channel of the neutrinoless double beta decay. In this scenario neutrinos not only oscillate inside the nucleus but also interact with an external non-uniform magnetic field. We assume that the field rotates about the direction of motion of the neutrino and show, that for a certain speed of rotation the half-life of the $0\

  14. Generator Coordinate Method framework for Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Bobyk; Wies?aw A. Kami?ski

    2014-11-10

    We propose a consistent prescription for the derivation of the particle number and angular momentum projected QRPA (PQRPA) equation in the Generator Coordinate Method (GCM) framework for calculation of NME's of double-beta decay of axially deformed nuclei. We derive closed formulae for the calculation of excitation energies and wave functions of the intermediate nucleus.

  15. Nuclear Matrix Elements for Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Recent progress in nuclear-structure theory has been dramatic. I describe recent and future applications of ab initio calculations and the generator coordinate method to double-beta decay. I also briefly discuss the old and vexing problem of the renormalization of the weak nuclear axial-vector coupling constant "in medium" and plans to resolve it.

  16. Nuclear Structure Aspects of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, B A; Sen'kov, R A

    2014-01-01

    We decompose the neutrinoless double-beta decay matrix elements into sums of products over the intermediate nucleus with two less nucleons. We find that the sum is dominated by the J^pi=0^+ ground state of this intermediate nucleus for both the light and heavy neutrino decay processes. This provides a new theoretical tool for comparing and improving nuclear structure models. It also provides the connection to two-nucleon transfer experiments.

  17. Nuclear Structure Aspects of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. A. Brown; M. Horoi; R. A. Sen'kov

    2014-09-25

    We decompose the neutrinoless double-beta decay matrix elements into sums of products over the intermediate nucleus with two less nucleons. We find that the sum is dominated by the J^pi=0^+ ground state of this intermediate nucleus for both the light and heavy neutrino decay processes. This provides a new theoretical tool for comparing and improving nuclear structure models. It also provides the connection to two-nucleon transfer experiments.

  18. A measurement of the 2 neutrino double beta decay rate of Te-130 in the CUORICINO experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kogler, Laura

    2012-01-01

    1.2.2 Neutrinoless double beta decay . . . . . 1.2.3 NuclearEvidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Mod. Phys.on ’Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay’, Mod. Phys.

  19. A measurement of the 2 neutrino double beta decay rate of 130Te in the CUORICINO experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kogler, Laura Katherine

    2011-01-01

    1.2.2 Neutrinoless double beta decay . . . . . 1.2.3 NuclearEvidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Mod. Phys.on ’Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay’, Mod. Phys.

  20. Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in 136Xe with EXO-200...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in 136Xe with EXO-200 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in 136Xe with EXO-200 Authors: Auger, M. ;...

  1. MAJORANA Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay DUSEL R&D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkerson, John F.

    2009-09-04

    The Majorana research and development is addressing key issues and risks related to the collaboration's goal of undertaking a search for neutrinoless double-beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) in {sup 76}Ge using an array of hyper-pure Ge-diodes (HPGe). The observation of this decay would provide critical insight into our understanding of neutrinos, yielding definitive evidence that neutrinos are Majorana particles and providing information on the absolute mass of neutrinos. Achieving sensitivities to 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay half-lives on the order of 10{sup 26} years requires ultra-low backgrounds in the 2039 keV region where a 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay peak would be observed. The goal of our R&D program has been to demonstrate the feasibility of all components of Majorana and to provide an integrated evaluation framework, allowing for optimization of these components in terms of background, background suppression, and signal detection efficiency and acceptance. This report covers work carried out by Majorana collaboration members at the University of Washington as part of the overall Majorana collaboration activities. Specifically the Majorana group at the University of Washington was involved in moving forward on demonstrating technology for clean large-scale cryostats and mounting the HPGe crystals in low-mass holders. The UW activities included assistance in the procurement and assembly of an electroforming system for large size cryostats, and design and fabrication of prototype crystal mounting hardware.

  2. Extra dimensions and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gozdz, Marek; Kaminski, Wieslaw A.; Faessler, Amand [Theoretical Physics Department, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin (Poland); Institute fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    2005-05-01

    The neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the few phenomena, belonging to the nonstandard physics, which is extensively being sought for in experiments. In the present paper the link between the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay and theories with large extra dimensions is explored. The use of the sensitivities of currently planned 0{nu}2{beta} experiments: DAMA, CANDLES, COBRA, DCBA, CAMEO, GENIUS, GEM, MAJORANA, MOON, CUORE, EXO, and XMASS, gives the possibility for a nondirect 'experimental' verification of various extra dimensional scenarios. We discuss also the results of the Heidelberg-Moscow Collaboration. The calculations are based on the Majorana neutrino mass generation mechanism in the Arkani-Hamed-Dimopoulos-Dvali model.

  3. Neutrino masses and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay: Status and expectations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliviero Cremonesi

    2010-02-07

    Two most outstanding questions are puzzling the world of neutrino Physics: the possible Majorana nature of neutrinos and their absolute mass scale. Direct neutrino mass measurements and neutrinoless double beta decay (0nuDBD) are the present strategy to solve the puzzle. Neutrinoless double beta decay violates lepton number by two units and can occurr only if neutrinos are massive Majorana particles. A positive observation would therefore necessarily imply a new regime of physics beyond the standard model, providing fundamental information on the nature of the neutrinos and on their absolute mass scale. After the observation of neutrino oscillations and given the present knowledge of neutrino masses and mixing parameters, a possibility to observe 0nuDBDD at a neutrino mass scale in the range 10-50 meV could actually exist. This is a real challenge faced by a number of new proposed projects. Present status and future perpectives of neutrinoless double-beta decay experimental searches is reviewed. The most important parameters contributing to the experimental sensitivity are outlined. A short discussion on nuclear matrix element calculations is also given. Complementary measurements to assess the absolute neutrino mass scale (cosmology and single beta decays) are also discussed.

  4. Double Beta Decay, Majorana Neutrinos, and Neutrino Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank T. Avignone III; Steven R. Elliott; Jonathan Engel

    2007-11-26

    The theoretical and experimental issues relevant to neutrinoless double-beta decay are reviewed. The impact that a direct observation of this exotic process would have on elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics and cosmology is profound. Now that neutrinos are known to have mass and experiments are becoming more sensitive, even the non-observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay will be useful. If the process is actually observed, we will immediately learn much about the neutrino. The status and discovery potential of proposed experiments are reviewed in this context, with significant emphasis on proposals favored by recent panel reviews. The importance of and challenges in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements that govern the decay are considered in detail. The increasing sensitivity of experiments and improvements in nuclear theory make the future exciting for this field at the interface of nuclear and particle physics.

  5. Double beta decay, Majorana neutrinos, and neutrino mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Avignone, Frank T. III; Elliott, Steven R.; Engel, Jonathan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208 (United States); Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-3255 (United States)

    2008-04-15

    The theoretical and experimental issues relevant to neutrinoless double beta decay are reviewed. The impact that a direct observation of this exotic process would have on elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, and cosmology is profound. Now that neutrinos are known to have mass and experiments are becoming more sensitive, even the nonobservation of neutrinoless double beta decay will be useful. If the process is actually observed, we will immediately learn much about the neutrino. The status and discovery potential of proposed experiments are reviewed in this context, with significant emphasis on proposals favored by recent panel reviews. The importance of and challenges in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements that govern the decay are considered in detail. The increasing sensitivity of experiments and improvements in nuclear theory make the future exciting for this field at the interface of nuclear and particle physics.

  6. Results of the double beta decay experiment NEMO-3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tretyak, V. I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 6 Joliot Curie, Dubna (Russian Federation); Collaboration: NEMO-3 Collaboration

    2013-12-30

    The double beta decay experiment NEMO-3 has taken data from February 2003 to January 2011. The two-neutrino decay half lives were measured for seven different isotopes ({sup 100}Mo, {sup 82}Se, {sup 116}Cd, {sup 150}Nd, {sup 96}Zr, {sup 48}Ca and {sup 130}Te). No evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay is observed. The 0??? half-life limits are found to be T{sub 1/2}{sup 0?}({sup 100}Mo)>1.0×10{sup 24}yr(90%C.L.) and T{sub 1/2}{sup 0?}({sup 82}Se)>3.2×10{sup 23}yr(90%C.L.)

  7. Double beta decay, Majorana neutrinos, and neutrino mass Frank T. Avignone III*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    The theoretical and experimental issues relevant to neutrinoless double beta decay are reviewed. The impact more sensitive, even the nonobservation of neutrinoless double beta decay will be useful Acknowledgments 513 References 514 I. INTRODUCTION Neutrinoless double beta decay 0 is a very slow lepton

  8. SEARCH FOR NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY WITH THE NEMO-3 DETECTOR : FIRST RESULTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 SEARCH FOR NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY WITH THE NEMO-3 DETECTOR : FIRST RESULTS D. LALANNE to searching for neutrinoless double beta decay (0). The expected performance of the detector has been, no evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay (0) was found from ~7 kg of 100 Mo and ~1 kg of 82 Se

  9. DISCOVERY OF THE TWO-NEUTRINO DOUBLE-BETA DECAY OF XENON-136 WITH EXO-200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gratta, Giorgio

    mass differences, not the absolute mass scale. Neutrinoless double-beta decay, a hypothetical nuclear, and is located deep underground in a New Mexico salt mine to evade cosmic rays. Neutrinoless double-beta decay to measure. Neutrinoless double-beta decay can be used to measure the neutrino mass--until recently believed

  10. Alpha Backgrounds and Their Implications for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments Using HPGe Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    Alpha Backgrounds and Their Implications for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments Using HPGe and Their Implications for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments Using HPGe Detectors Robert A. Johnson Chair of the Supervisory Committee: Professor John F. Wilkerson Physics The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay

  11. Uncertainties in Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    Uncertainties in Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Jonathan Engel Abstract. I briefly review calculations of the matrix elements governing neutrinoless double-beta decay;Uncertainties in Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay 2 in reducing theoretical error

  12. IS THE NON OBSERVATION OF NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY A QUESTION OF SENSITIVITY?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 IS THE NON OBSERVATION OF NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY A QUESTION OF SENSITIVITY? TSAN UNG CHAN Grenoble Cedex FRANCE The hypothetical neutrinoless double beta decay is possible only if the neutrino. This contradiction would lead to conclude that neutrinoless double beta decay could not take place in nature

  13. Constraining Mass Spectra with Sterile Neutrinos from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Tritium Beta Decay and Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srubabati Goswami; Werner Rodejohann

    2006-05-18

    We analyze the constraints on neutrino mass spectra with extra sterile neutrinos as implied by the LSND experiment. The various mass related observables in neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay and cosmology are discussed. Both neutrino oscillation results as well as recent cosmological neutrino mass bounds are taken into account. We find that some of the allowed mass patterns are severely restricted by the current constraints, in particular by the cosmological constraints on the total sum of neutrino masses and by the non-maximality of the solar neutrino mixing angle. Furthermore, we estimate the form of the four neutrino mass matrices and also comment on the situation in scenarios with two additional sterile neutrinos.

  14. Constraining mass spectra with sterile neutrinos from neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay, and cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goswami, Srubabati [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhunsi, Allahabad 211 019 (India); Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Rodejohann, Werner [Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2006-06-01

    We analyze the constraints on neutrino mass spectra with extra sterile neutrinos as implied by the LSND experiment. The various mass related observables in neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay and cosmology are discussed. Both neutrino oscillation results as well as recent cosmological neutrino mass bounds are taken into account. We find that some of the allowed mass patterns are severely restricted by the current constraints, in particular, by the cosmological constraints on the total sum of neutrino masses and by the nonmaximality of the solar neutrino mixing angle. Furthermore, we estimate the form of the four neutrino mass matrices and also comment on the situation in scenarios with two additional sterile neutrinos.

  15. The Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in CUORE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. M. Ejzak; for the CUORE Collaboration

    2009-10-15

    Understanding the nature of neutrino masses will require physics beyond the long-standing Standard Model of particle physics. Neutrinoless double beta decay experiments like the Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) are uniquely suited for probing the remaining mysteries of neutrino mass, particularly the question of the neutrino's Majorana nature. CUORE will be a next-generation experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy; it will consist of an array of 988 TeO2 detector crystals operated at ~10 mK, following the bolometric technique established by the Cuoricino experiment. It will look for the energy signal produced by the theoretically-predicted neutrinoless double beta decay in Te-130, and therefore reliable energy calibration of the detector is crucial to the experiment's success. We will present the most recent results from Cuoricino and discuss the current status of the CUORE project, with a particular emphasis on the development of the calibration system.

  16. Neutrinoless double {beta}-decay and neutrino mass hierarchies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bilenky, S. M. [Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, I-34014 Trieste (Italy); Faessler, Amand; Gutsche, Thomas; Simkovic, Fedor [Institute fuer Theoretische Physik der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    2005-09-01

    In the framework of the seesaw mechanism the normal hierarchy is favorable for the neutrino mass spectrum. For this spectrum we present a detailed calculation of the half-lives of neutrinoless double {beta}-decay for several nuclei of experimental interest. The half-lives are evaluated by considering the most comprehensive nuclear matrix elements, which were obtained within the renormalized quasiparticle random phase approximation by the Bratislava-Caltech-Tuebingen group. The dependence of the half-lives on sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub 13} and the lightest neutrino mass is studied. We present also the results of the calculations of the half-lives of neutrinoless double {beta}-decay in the case of the inverted hierarchy of neutrino masses.

  17. Neutrinoless double beta decay studied with configuration mixing methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomas R. Rodriguez; Gabriel Martinez-Pinedo

    2010-12-08

    We study neutrinoless double beta decay of several isotopes with state-of-the-art beyond self-consistent mean field methods to compute the nuclear matrix elements (NME). Generating coordinate method with particle number and angular momentum projection (GCM+PNAMP) is used for finding mother and granddaughter states and evaluating transition operators between different nuclei. We analyze explicitly the role of the deformation, pairing and configuration mixing in the evaluation of the NME.

  18. From dark matter to neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei-Hong Gu

    2012-09-13

    Associated with two TeV-scale leptoquark scalars, a dark matter fermion which is the neutral component of an isotriplet can mediate a testable neutrinoless double beta decay at one-loop level. The dark matter fermion with determined mass and spin-independent scattering can be verified by the future dark matter direct detection experiments. We also discuss the implications on neutrino masses and baryon asymmetry.

  19. Recent advances in neutrinoless double beta decay search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lino Miramonti; Franco Reseghetti

    2004-11-09

    Even after the discovery of neutrino flavour oscillations, based on data from atmospheric, solar, reactor, and accelerator experiments, many characteristics of the neutrino remain unknown. Only the neutrino square-mass differences and the mixing angle values have been estimated, while the value of each mass eigenstate still hasn't. Its nature (massive Majorana or Dirac particle) is still escaping. Neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\

  20. The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. E. Guiseppe; for the Majorana Collaboration

    2008-11-15

    Neutrinoless double-beta decay searches play a major role in determining the nature of neutrinos, the existence of a lepton violating process, and the effective Majorana neutrino mass. The Majorana Collaboration proposes to assemble an array of HPGe detectors to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in Ge-76. Our proposed method uses the well-established technique of searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay in high purity Ge-diode radiation detectors that play both roles of source and detector. The technique is augmented with recent improvements in signal processing and detector design, and advances in controlling intrinsic and external backgrounds. Initially, Majorana aims to construct a prototype module containing 60 kg of Ge detectors to demonstrate the potential of a future 1-tonne experiment. The design and potential reach of this prototype Demonstrator module will be presented. This paper will also discuss detector optimization and low-background requirements, such as material purity, background rejection, and identification of rare backgrounds required to reach the sensitivity goals of the Majorana experiment.

  1. Nuclear Structure Aspects of the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Caurier; F. Nowacki; A. Poves

    2008-01-09

    In this article, we analyze some nuclear structure aspects of the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements (NME), in the framework of the Interacting Shell Model. We give results for the decays of 48Ca, 76Ge, 82Se, 124Sn, 128Te, 130Te, and 136Xe, using improved effective interactions and valence spaces. We examine the dependence of the NME's on the effective interaction and the valence space, and analyze the effects of the short range correlations and the finite size of the nucleon. Finally we study the influence of the deformation on the values of the NME's.

  2. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    2009-01-01

    Beta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data Hitoshi Murayama andBeta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data Hitoshi Murayama ? andIn the SNO data from its salt run, probably the most signi?

  3. Z .Physics Letters B 480 2000 1218 Detection of very small neutrino masses in double-beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gratta, Giorgio

    that new techniques in dark matter, solar neutrino, and neutrinoless double beta decay have the resources

  4. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Heavy Sterile Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manimala Mitra; Goran Senjanovic; Francesco Vissani

    2011-12-21

    The experimental rate of neutrinoless double beta decay can be saturated by the exchange of virtual sterile neutrinos, that mix with the ordinary neutrinos and are heavier than 200 MeV. Interestingly, this hypothesis is subject only to marginal experimental constraints, because of the new nuclear matrix elements. This possibility is analyzed in the context of the Type I seesaw model, performing also exploratory investigations of the implications for heavy neutrino mass spectra, rare decays of mesons as well as neutrino-decay search, LHC, and lepton flavor violation. The heavy sterile neutrinos can saturate the rate only when their masses are below some 10 TeV, but in this case, the suppression of the light-neutrino masses has to be more than the ratio of the electroweak scale and the heavy-neutrino scale; i.e., more suppressed than the naive seesaw expectation. We classify the cases when this condition holds true in the minimal version of the seesaw model, showing its compatibility (1) with neutrinoless double beta rate being dominated by heavy neutrinos and (2) with any light neutrino mass spectra. The absence of excessive fine-tunings and the radiative stability of light neutrino mass matrices, together with a saturating sterile neutrino contribution, imply an upper bound on the heavy neutrino masses of about 10 GeV. We extend our analysis to the Extended seesaw scenario, where the light and the heavy sterile neutrino contributions are completely decoupled, allowing the sterile neutrinos to saturate the present experimental bound on neutrinoless double beta decay. In the models analyzed, the rate of this process is not strictly connected with the values of the light neutrino masses, and a fast transition rate is compatible with neutrinos lighter than 100 meV.

  5. False Starts in History of Searches for 2{beta} Decay, or Discoverless Double Beta Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tretyak, V. I. [Institute for Nuclear Research, MSP 03680, Kyiv (Ukraine)

    2011-12-16

    A collection of stories is presented on discoveries of 2{beta} decay (including neutrinoless one) which were refuted in the subsequent investigations.

  6. The Proposed Majorana 76Ge Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aalseth, Craig E.; Anderson, Dale N.; Arthur, Richard J.; Avignone, Frank T.; Baktash, Cryus; Ball, Thedore; Barabash, Alexander S.; Bertrand, F.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.; Brudanin, V.; Bugg, William; Champagne, A. E.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Cianciolo, Thomas V.; Collar, J. I.; Creswick, R. W.; Descovich, M.; Di Marco, Marie; Doe, P. J.; Dunham, Glen C.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egerov, V.; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, Steven R.; Emanuel, A.; Fallon, Paul; Farach, H. A.; Gaitskell, R. J.; Gehman, Victor; Grzywacz, Robert; Hallin, A.; Hazma, R.; Henning, R.; Hime, Andrew; Hossbach, Todd W.; Jordan, David V.; Kazkaz, K.; Kephart, Jeremy; King, G. S.; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Lesko, Kevin; Luke, P.; Luzum, M.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; McDonald, A.; Mei, Dongming; Miley, Harry S.; Mills, G. B.; Mokhtarani, A.; Nomachi, Masaharu; Orrell, John L.; Palms, John M.; Poon, Alan; Radford, D. C.; Reeves, James H.; Robertson, R. G. H.; Runkle, Robert C.; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof P.; Saburov, Konstantin; Sandukovsky, Viatcheslav; Sonnenschein, Andrew; Tornow, W.; Tull, C.; van de Water, R. G.; Vanushin, Igor; Vetter, Kai; Warner, Ray A.; Wilkerson, John F.; Wouters, Jan M.; Young , A. R.; Yumatov, V.

    2005-01-01

    The proposed Majorana experiment is based on an array of segmented intrinsic Ge detectors with a total mass of 500 kg of Ge isotopically enriched to 86% in 76Ge. Background reduction will be accomplished by: material selection, detector segmentation, pulse shape analysis, electro-formation of copper parts, and granularity of detector spacing. The predicted experimental sensitivity for measurement of the neutrinoless double-beta decay mode of 76Ge, over a data acquisition period of 5000 kg•y, is ~ 4?1027 y.

  7. Neutrinoless double beta decay in four-neutrino models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna Kalliomaki; Jukka Maalampi

    2000-03-29

    The most stringent constraint on the so-called effective electron neutrino mass from the present neutrinoless double beta decay experiments is |M_{ee}| < 0.2 eV, while the planned next generation experiment GENIUS is anticipated to reach a considerably more stringent limit |M_{ee}|< 0.001 eV. We investigate the constraints these bounds set on the neutrino masses and mixings of neutrinos in four-neutrino models where there exists a sterile neutrino along with the three ordinary neutrinos. We find that the GENIUS experiment would be sensitive to the electron neutrino masses down to the limit m_{\

  8. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Lepton Flavor Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Cirigliano; A. Kurylov; M. J. Ramsey-Musolf; P. Vogel

    2004-06-17

    We point out that extensions of the Standard Model with low scale (~TeV) lepton number violation (LNV) generally lead to a pattern of lepton flavor violation (LFV) experimentally distinguishable from the one implied by models with GUT scale LNV. As a consequence, muon LFV processes provide a powerful diagnostic tool to determine whether or not the effective neutrino mass can be deduced from the rate of neutrinoless double beta decay. We discuss the role of \\mu -> e \\gamma and \\mu -> e conversion in nuclei, which will be studied with high sensitivity in forthcoming experiments.

  9. Efficient double beta decay nuclear matrix elements computations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neacsu, Andrei [Horia Hulubei Foundation (FHH) 407 Atomistilor, Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) 30 Reactorului, Magurele-Bucharest 077125 (Romania)

    2012-11-20

    We have developed a shell model code for the accurate computation of the two-body matrix elements of the transition operators involved in the neutrinoless double beta decay. This code features coupled cluster method short-range correlations with Jastrow-like functions, finite nucleon size effect and higher order nucleon current corrections. We present the results obtained for {sup 48}Ca and {sup 82}Se, then we compare them with other results in the literature. In the case of {sup 48}Ca, we also study the contributions of the included effects and find good agreement with other published results.

  10. Search of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with the GERDA Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovanni Benato

    2015-09-25

    The Gerda experiment designed to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge has successfully completed the first data collection. No signal excess is found, and a lower limit on the half life of the process is set, with T1/2 > 2.1x10^25 yr (90% CL). After a review of the experimental setup and of the main Phase I results, the hardware upgrade for Gerda Phase II is described, and the physics reach of the new data collection is reported.

  11. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay: Low Left-Right Symmetry Scale?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miha Nemevsek; Fabrizio Nesti; Goran Senjanovic; Vladimir Tello

    2011-12-20

    Experiments in progress may confirm a nonzero neutrinoless double beta decay rate in conflict with the cosmological upper limit on neutrino masses and thus require new physics beyond the Standard Model. A natural candidate is the Left-Right symmetric theory, which led originally to neutrino mass and the seesaw mechanism. In the absence of cancelations of large Dirac Yukawa couplings, we show how such a scenario would require a low scale of Left-Right symmetry breaking roughly below 10 TeV, tantalizingly close to the LHC reach.

  12. Search of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with the GERDA Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benato, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    The Gerda experiment designed to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge has successfully completed the first data collection. No signal excess is found, and a lower limit on the half life of the process is set, with T1/2 > 2.1x10^25 yr (90% CL). After a review of the experimental setup and of the main Phase I results, the hardware upgrade for Gerda Phase II is described, and the physics reach of the new data collection is reported.

  13. Neutrino Decay and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in a 3-3-1 Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alex G. Dias; A. Doff; C. A. de S. Pires; P. S. Rodrigues da Silva

    2005-08-11

    In this work we show that the implementation of spontaneous breaking of the lepton number in the 3-3-1 model with right-handed neutrinos gives rise to fast neutrino decay with majoron emission and generates a bunch of new contributions to the neutrinoless double beta decay.

  14. Neutrino decay and neutrinoless double beta decay in a 3-3-1 model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dias, Alex G. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66.318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo-SP (Brazil); Doff, A. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Pamplona 145, 01405-900 Sao Paulo-SP (Brazil); Pires, C.A. de S; Rodrigues da Silva, P.S. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Caixa Postal 5008, 58051-970, Joao Pessoa-PB (Brazil)

    2005-08-01

    In this work we show that the implementation of spontaneous breaking of the lepton number in the 3-3-1 model with right-handed neutrinos gives rise to fast neutrino decay with Majoron emission and generates a bunch of new contributions to the neutrinoless double beta decay.

  15. Results on neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge from Gerda Phase I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Results on neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge from Gerda Phase I M. Agostini,14 M. Allardt,3 E and a lower limit is derived for the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge, T0 1/2> 2.1 · 1025 double beta decay of the isotope 76 Ge. Data con- sidered in the present analysis have been collected

  16. Double beta decay versus cosmology: Majorana CP phases and nuclear matrix elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deppisch, Frank; Paes, Heinrich [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Wuerzburg, D-97074 Wuerzburg (Germany); Suhonen, Jouni [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, P.O.B. 35, FIN-40014, Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2005-08-01

    We discuss the relation between the absolute neutrino mass scale, the effective mass measured in neutrinoless double beta decay, and the Majorana CP phases. Emphasis is placed on estimating the upper bound on the nuclear matrix element entering calculations of the double beta decay half-life. Combining the claimed evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay with the neutrino mass bound from cosmology, one of the Majorana CP phases can be constrained.

  17. Shell model nuclear matrix elements for competing mechanisms contributing to double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horoi, Mihai

    2013-12-30

    Recent progress in the shell model approach to the nuclear matrix elements for the double beta decay process are presented. This includes nuclear matrix elements for competing mechanisms to neutrionless double beta decay, a comparison between closure and non-closure approximation for {sup 48}Ca, and an updated shell model analysis of nuclear matrix elements for the double beta decay of {sup 136}Xe.

  18. Additional Nucleon Current Contributions to Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Simkovic; G. Pantis; J. D. Vergados; A. Faessler

    1999-05-27

    We have examined the importance of momentum dependent induced nucleon currents such as weak-magnetism and pseudoscalar couplings to the amplitude of neutrinoless double beta decay in the mechanisms of light and heavy Majorana neutrino as well as in that of Majoron emission. Such effects are expected to occur in all nuclear models in the direction of reducing the light neutrino matrix elements by about 30%. To test this we have performed a calculation of the nuclear matrix elements of the experimentally interesting nuclei A = 76, 82, 96, 100, 116, 128, 130, 136 and 150 within the pn-RQRPA. We have found that indeed such corrections vary somewhat from nucleus to nucleus, but in all cases they are greater than 25 percent. In the case of heavy neutrino the effect is much larger (a factor of 3). Combining out results with the best presently available experimental limits on the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay we have extracted new limits on the effective neutrino mass (light and heavy) and the effective Majoron coupling constant.

  19. Background reduction and sensitivity for germanium double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Gómez; S. Cebrián; J. Morales; J. A. Villar

    2007-08-29

    Germanium detectors have very good capabilities for the investigation of rare phenomena like the neutrinoless double beta decay. Rejection of the background entangling the expected signal is one primary goal in this kind of experiments. Here, the attainable background reduction in the energy region where the neutrinoless double beta decay signal of 76Ge is expected to appear has been evaluated for experiments using germanium detectors, taking into consideration different strategies like the granularity of the detector system, the segmentation of each individual germanium detector and the application of Pulse Shape Analysis techniques to discriminate signal from background events. Detection efficiency to the signal is affected by background rejection techniques, and therefore it has been estimated for each of the background rejection scenarios considered. Finally, conditions regarding crystal mass, radiopurity, exposure to cosmic rays, shielding and rejection capabilities are discussed with the aim to achieve a background level of 10-3 c keV-1 kg-1 y-1 in the region of interest, which would allow to explore neutrino effective masses around 40 meV.

  20. Neutrinoless double beta decay and future neutrino oscillation precision experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choubey, Sandhya [Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Rodejohann, Werner [Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2005-08-01

    We discuss to what extent future precision measurements of neutrino mixing observables will influence the information we can draw from a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay. Whereas the {delta}m{sup 2} corresponding to solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillations are expected to be known with good precision, the parameter {theta}{sub 12} will govern a large part of the uncertainty. We focus, in particular, on the possibility of distinguishing the neutrino mass hierarchies and on setting a limit on the neutrino mass. We give the largest allowed values of the neutrino masses which allow to distinguish the normal from the inverted hierarchy. All aspects are discussed as a function of the uncertainty stemming from the involved nuclear matrix elements. The implications of a vanishing, or extremely small, effective mass are also investigated. By giving a large list of possible neutrino mass matrices and their predictions for the observables, we finally explore how a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay can help to identify the neutrino mass matrix if more precise values of the relevant parameters are known.

  1. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Future Neutrino Oscillation Precision Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Choubey; W. Rodejohann

    2005-07-25

    We discuss to what extent future precision measurements of neutrino mixing observables will influence the information we can draw from a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay. Whereas the Delta m^2 corresponding to solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillations are expected to be known with good precision, the parameter theta_{12} will govern large part of the uncertainty. We focus in particular on the possibility of distinguishing the neutrino mass hierarchies and on setting a limit on the neutrino mass. We give the largest allowed values of the neutrino masses which allow to distinguish the normal from the inverted hierarchy. All aspects are discussed as a function of the uncertainty stemming from the involved nuclear matrix elements. The implications of a vanishing, or extremely small, effective mass are also investigated. By giving a large list of possible neutrino mass matrices and their predictions for the observables, we finally explore how a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay can help to identify the neutrino mass matrix if more precise values of the relevant parameters are known.

  2. Novel Nuclear Structure Aspects of the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Menendez; A. Poves; E. Caurier; F. Nowacki

    2010-07-28

    We explore the influence of the deformation on the nuclear matrix elements of the neutrinoless double beta decay (NME), concluding that the difference in deformation -or more generally in the amount of quadrupole correlations- between parent and grand daughter nuclei quenches strongly the decay. We correlate these differences with the seniority structure of the nuclear wave functions. In this context, we examine the present discrepancies between the NME's obtained in the framework of the Interacting Shell Model and the Quasiparticle RPA. We surmise that part of the discrepancy can be due to the limitations of the spherical QRPA in treating nuclei which have strong quadrupole correlations. We surmise that the NME's in a basis of generalized seniority are approximately model independent, i. e. they are "universal".

  3. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abgrall, N.; Aguayo, E.; Avignone, F. T.; Barabash, A. S.; Bertrand, F. E.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, M.; Caldwell, A. S.; Chan, Y.-D.; et al

    2014-01-01

    The M ajorana D emonstrator will search for the neutrinoless double-beta ( ? ? 0 ? ) decay of the isotope Ge with a mixed array of enriched and natural germanium detectors. The observation of this rare decay would indicate that the neutrino is its own antiparticle, demonstrate that lepton number is not conserved, and provide information on the absolute mass scale of the neutrino. The D emonstrator is being assembled at the 4850-foot level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota. Themore »array will be situated in a low-background environment and surrounded by passive and active shielding. Here we describe the science goals of the D emonstrator and the details of its design. « less

  4. Large Hadron Collider probe of supersymmetric neutrinoless double beta decay mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. C. Allanach; C. H. Kom; H. Päs

    2009-02-26

    In the minimal supersymmetric extension to the Standard Model, a non-zero lepton number violating coupling lambda'_111 predicts both neutrinoless double beta decay and resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We show that, in this case, if neutrinoless double beta decay is discovered in the next generation of experiments, there exist good prospects to observe single slepton production at the LHC. Neutrinoless double beta decay could otherwise result from a different source (such as a non-zero Majorana neutrino mass). Resonant single slepton production at the LHC can therefore discriminate between the lambda'_111 neutrinoless double beta decay mechanism and others.

  5. Neutrinoless double beta decay: Electron angular correlation as a probe of new physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ali; A. V. Borisov; D. V. Zhuridov

    2006-09-12

    The angular distribution of the final electrons in the so-called long range mechanism of the neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\

  6. Large Hadron Collider Probe of Supersymmetric Neutrinoless Double-Beta-Decay Mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allanach, B. C.; Kom, C. H.; Paes, H. [DAMTP, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Cavendish Laboratory, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Fakultaet fuer Physik, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, D-44221, Dortmund (Germany)

    2009-08-28

    In the minimal supersymmetric extension to the standard model, a nonzero lepton number violating coupling {lambda}{sub 111}{sup '} predicts both neutrinoless double-beta-decay and resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We show that, in this case, if neutrinoless double beta decay is discovered in the next generation of experiments, there exist good prospects to observe single slepton production at the LHC. Neutrinoless double beta decay could otherwise result from a different source (such as a nonzero Majorana neutrino mass). Resonant single slepton production at the LHC can therefore discriminate between the {lambda}{sub 111}{sup '} neutrinoless double-beta-decay mechanism and others.

  7. Majorana Neutrino Masses from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Barger; K. Whisnant

    1999-04-08

    When three Majorana neutrinos describe the solar and atmospheric neutrino data via oscillations, a nonzero measurement of neutrinoless double beta ($0\

  8. Neutrinoless double beta decay can constrain neutrino dark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Barger; S. L. Glashow; D. Marfatia; K. Whisnant

    2002-02-26

    We examine how constraints can be placed on the neutrino component of dark matter by an accurate measurement of neutrinoless double beta ($0\

  9. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    beta decay experiments and on simulations of the accuracy of calculations of nuclear matrix elements. Authors: Bahcall, John N. ; Murayama, Hitoshi ; Pena-Garay, Carlos...

  10. On the possibility to search for double beta decay of initially unstable (alpha/beta radioactive) nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. I. Tretyak; F. A. Danevich; S. S. Nagorny; Yu. G. Zdesenko

    2004-04-13

    Possibilities to search for double beta decay of alpha/beta unstable nuclei, many of which have higher energy release than "conventional" (beta stable) double beta decay candidates, are discussed. First experimental half-life limits on double beta decay of radioactive nuclides from U and Th families (trace contaminants of the CaWO_4, CdWO_4 and Gd_2SiO_5 scintillators) were established by reanalyzing the data of low-background measurements in the Solotvina Underground Laboratory with these detectors (1734 h with CaWO_4, 13316 h with CdWO_4, and 13949 h with Gd_2SiO_5 crystals).

  11. Short-baseline electron neutrino disappearance, tritium beta decay, and neutrinoless double-beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giunti, Carlo; Laveder, Marco [INFN, Sezione di Torino, Via P. Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica G. Galilei, Universita di Padova, and INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy)

    2010-09-01

    We consider the interpretation of the MiniBooNE low-energy anomaly and the gallium radioactive source experiments anomaly in terms of short-baseline electron neutrino disappearance in the framework of 3+1 four-neutrino mixing schemes. The separate fits of MiniBooNE and gallium data are highly compatible, with close best-fit values of the effective oscillation parameters {Delta}m{sup 2} and sin{sup 2}2{theta}. The combined fit gives {Delta}m{sup 2}(greater-or-similar sign)0.1 eV{sup 2} and 0.11(less-or-similar sign)sin{sup 2}2{theta}(less-or-similar sign)0.48 at 2{sigma}. We consider also the data of the Bugey and Chooz reactor antineutrino oscillation experiments and the limits on the effective electron antineutrino mass in {beta} decay obtained in the Mainz and Troitsk tritium experiments. The fit of the data of these experiments limits the value of sin{sup 2}2{theta} below 0.10 at 2{sigma}. Considering the tension between the neutrino MiniBooNE and gallium data and the antineutrino reactor and tritium data as a statistical fluctuation, we perform a combined fit which gives {Delta}m{sup 2}{approx_equal}2 eV and 0.01(less-or-similar sign)sin{sup 2}2{theta}(less-or-similar sign)0.13 at 2{sigma}. Assuming a hierarchy of masses m{sub 1}, m{sub 2}, m{sub 3}<beta} decay and neutrinoless double-{beta} decay are, respectively, between about 0.06 and 0.49 and between about 0.003 and 0.07 eV at 2{sigma}. We also consider the possibility of reconciling the tension between the neutrino MiniBooNE and gallium data and the antineutrino reactor and tritium data with different mixings in the neutrino and antineutrino sectors. We find a 2.6{sigma} indication of a mixing angle asymmetry.

  12. Tribimaximal neutrino mixing and neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirsch, M.; Morisi, S.; Valle, J. W. F. [AHEP Group, Institut de Fisica Corpuscular-- C.S.I.C./Universitat de Valencia, Edificio Institutos de Paterna, Apt 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

    2008-11-01

    We present a tribimaximal lepton mixing scheme where the neutrinoless double beta decay rate has a lower bound which correlates with the ratio {alpha}{identical_to}{delta}m{sub sol}{sup 2}/{delta}m{sub atm}{sup 2} well determined by current data, as well as with the unknown Majorana CP phase {phi}{sub 12} characterizing the solar neutrino subsystem. For the special value {phi}{sub 12}=({pi}/2) (opposite CP-sign neutrinos) the {beta}{beta}{sub 0{nu}} rate vanishes at tree level when {delta}m{sub sol}{sup 2}/{delta}m{sub atm}{sup 2}=3/80, only allowed at 3{sigma}. For all other cases the rate is nonzero, and lies within current and projected experimental sensitivities close to {phi}{sub 12}=0. We suggest two model realizations of this scheme in terms of A{sub 4}xZ{sub 2} and A{sub 4}xZ{sub 4} flavor symmetries.

  13. Cryogenic Double Beta Decay Experiments: CUORE and CUORICINO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reina Maruyama; for the CUORE Collaboration

    2008-09-23

    Cryogenic bolometers, with their excellent energy resolution, flexibility in material, and availability in high purity, are excellent detectors for the search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Kilogram-size single crystals of TeO_2 are utilized in CUORICINO for an array with a total detector mass of 40.7 kg. CUORICINO currently sets the most stringent limit on the halflife of Te-130 of T > 2.4x10^{24} yr (90% C.L.), corresponding to a limit on the effective Majorana neutrino mass in the range of < 0.2-0.9 eV. Based on technology developed for CUORICINO and its predecessors, CUORE is a next-generation experiment designed to probe neutrino mass in the range of 10 - 100 meV. Latest results from CUORICINO and overview of the progress and current status of CUORE are presented.

  14. Low Radioactivity Crystals for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dafinei, Ioan [Sezione INFN di Roma, P-le Aldo Moro 2, Roma I-00185 (Italy)

    2011-04-27

    The production of crystals needed for rare events physics represent a relatively new, exciting challenge in the field of materials science and engineering. Extremely low concentration of radioactive impurities and very high crystal perfection is required for the crystals to be used in experiments in which the main concerns are the reduction of the background and the use of high sensitivity detectors. A further complication is the fact that for an experiment with a significant discovery potential, relatively large quantities of crystals are needed. The present work makes a review of the general problems related to the production of crystals for rare events physics and gives details related to the production of the TeO{sub 2} crystals needed for the major experiment in this field using bolometric technique, namely the CUORE experiment. The potential use of crystals for future double beta decay experiments is also discussed.

  15. Radiopurity control in the NEXT-100 double beta decay experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Álvarez, V.; Cárcel, S.; Cervera, A.; Díaz, J.; Ferrario, P.; Gil, A.; Gómez-Cadenas, J. J.; Laing, A.; Liubarsky, I.; Lorca, D.; Martín-Albo, J.; Martínez, A.; Monrabal, F.; Muñoz Vidal, J.; Nebot-Guinot, M.; Rodríguez, J.; Serra, L.; Simón, A.; Sofka, C.; Sorel, M. [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC and Universitat de València, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain)] [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC and Universitat de València, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); and others

    2013-08-08

    An extensive material screening and selection process is underway in the construction of the 'Neutrino Experiment with a Xenon TPC' (NEXT), intended to investigate neutrinoless double beta decay using a high-pressure xenon gas TPC filled with 100 kg of Xe enriched in {sup 136}Xe. Determination of the radiopurity levels of the materials is based on gamma-ray spectroscopy using ultra-low background germanium detectors at the Laboratorio Subterráneo de Canfranc (Spain) and also on Glow Discharge Mass Spectrometry. Materials to be used in the shielding, pressure vessel, electroluminescence and high voltage components and energy and tracking readout planes have been already taken into consideration. The measurements carried out are presented, describing the techniques and equipment used, and the results obtained are shown, discussing their implications for the NEXT experiment.

  16. Effective Majorana Mass and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovanni Benato

    2015-10-05

    The probability distribution for the effective Majorana mass as a function of the lightest neutrino mass in the standard three neutrino scheme is computed via a random sampling from the distributions of the involved mixing angles and squared mass diffences. A flat distribution in the [0,2pi] range for the Majorana phases is assumed, and the dependence of small values of the effective mass on the Majorana phases is highlighted. The study is then extended with the addition of the cosmological bound on the sum of the neutrino masses. Finally, the prospects for neutrinoless double beta decay search with 76Ge, 130Te and 136Xe are discussed, as well as those for the measurement of the electron neutrino mass.

  17. Effective Majorana Mass and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benato, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    The probability distribution for the effective Majorana mass as a function of the lightest neutrino mass in the standard three neutrino scheme is computed via a random sampling from the distributions of the involved mixing angles and squared mass diffences. A flat distribution in the [0,2pi] range for the Majorana phases is assumed, and the dependence of small values of the effective mass on the Majorana phases is highlighted. The study is then extended with the addition of the cosmological bound on the sum of the neutrino masses. Finally, the prospects for neutrinoless double beta decay search with 76Ge, 130Te and 136Xe are discussed, as well as those for the measurement of the electron neutrino mass.

  18. Quasiparticle random phase approximation uncertainties and their correlations in the analysis of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amand Faessler; G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; V. Rodin; A. M. Rotunno; F. Simkovic

    2009-03-06

    The variances and covariances associated to the nuclear matrix elements (NME) of neutrinoless double beta decay are estimated within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). It is shown that correlated NME uncertainties play an important role in the comparison of neutrinoless double beta decay rates for different nuclei, and that they are degenerate with the uncertainty in the reconstructed Majorana neutrino mass.

  19. LHC and B physics probes of neutrinoless double beta decay in supersymmetry without R-parity.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allanach, B. C.; Kom, C. H.; Pas, H.

    In the event of an observation of neutrinoless double beta decay, a relevant question would be: what lepton number violating physics is responsible for the decay? The exchange of Majorana neutrinos and/or supersymmetric particles may contribute...

  20. Has been Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 130Te observed by the CUORE experiment?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2015-01-01

    A recent reconsideration of a theoretical process of a neutrinoless double beta decay points out that a signal of the decay should be shifted by a few keV from the Q-value for the 2{\\ss}0{\

  1. Has been Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 130Te observed by the CUORE experiment?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. V. Kirpichnikov

    2015-09-14

    A recent reconsideration of a theoretical process of a neutrinoless double beta decay points out that a signal of the decay should be shifted by a few keV from the Q-value for the 2{\\ss}0{\

  2. Has been Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 130Te observed by the CUORE experiment?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. V. Kirpichnikov

    2015-09-02

    A recent reconsideration of a theoretical process of a neutrinoless double beta decay points out that a signal of the decay should be shifted by a few keV from the Q-value for the 2{\\ss}0{\

  3. Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with the CUORE experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorla, P. [Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso-INFN, S.S. 17 bis, km 18-910 67010 Assergi (Italy)

    2009-12-17

    CUORE is a next generation experiment aimed at the detection of neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of the nuclide {sup 130}Te. The experiment, which will take place in the Gran Sasso National Laboratory (Italy), will look for this rare decay using the macrobolometric technique with a prospected array of 988 detectors. Each bolometer will be constituted by a 5x5x5 cm{sup 3} TeO{sub 2} crystal, for a total mass of about 200 kg of {sup 130}Te, and will be maintained at a temperature of 10 mK. CUORE will probe the effective mass of the neutrino with a sensitivity of a few tens of meV. If an excess of counts are observed above background at the 2.5 MeV corresponding to the Q-value of the decay, CUORE will answer several questions that are still open in the field of neutrino physics, such as the determination of the particle's Majorana nature and of the absolute mass scale. A prototype for CUORE in Gran Sasso, named CUORICINO, has just closed after five years proving its importance as a stand-alone experiment.

  4. LHC and B physics probes of neutrinoless double beta decay in supersymmetry without R-parity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. C. Allanach; C. H. Kom; H. Päs

    2009-07-24

    In the event of an observation of neutrinoless double beta decay, a relevant question would be: what lepton number violating physics is responsible for the decay? The exchange of Majorana neutrinos and/or supersymmetric particles may contribute. We point out that measurements of supersymmetric signals at the LHC, including single slepton production, could be used to help bound some supersymmetric processes contributing to neutrinoless double beta decay. LHC information about the supersymmetric spectrum could be combined with Bd-Bd bar mixing data in order to bound a competing neutrinoless double beta decay process involving sbottom exchange.

  5. Proton-Neutron Pairing Amplitude as a Generator Coordinate for Double-Beta Decay Nobuo Hinohara1, 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    the experimental bound [11] on neutrinoless double beta decay (## 0# ). The only way out would be to have two

  6. A novel approach to background reduction in double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Tabarelli de Fatis

    2009-08-02

    Active background reduction in high resolution calorimeters is a promising approach to achieve ultimate sensitivity in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. We propose Cerenkov emission from beta rays in bolometric crystals as a viable alternative to scintillation. This novel approach could broaden the range of materials of interest for calorimetric searches of the double beta decay. We discuss the optical properties of TeO$_2$ crystals, as a show case.

  7. A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of Germanium-76 J.F. Wilkerson1, 2, 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of Germanium-76 J.F. Wilkerson1, 2, 3 and S.R. Elliott4, The Majorana collaboration[1] is searching for neutrinoless double beta decay using 76 Ge, which has previously of neutrinoless double-beta decay would show that lepton number is violated, neutrinos are Majorana particles

  8. arXiv:hep-ph/0412300v121Dec2004 Neutrinoless double beta decay and direct searches for neutrino mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piepke, Andreas G.

    arXiv:hep-ph/0412300v121Dec2004 Neutrinoless double beta decay and direct searches for neutrino (Dated: December 22, 2004) Study of the neutrinoless double beta decay and searches for the manifestation and recommendations on them. · Observation of the neutrinoless double-beta decay (0) would prove that the total lepton

  9. LATEST RESULTS FROM A SEARCH FOR NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY WITH NEMO3 AND PLANS FOR SUPERNEMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    LATEST RESULTS FROM A SEARCH FOR NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY WITH NEMO3 AND PLANS FOR SUPERNEMO The NEMO3 experiment is devoted to the search for neutrinoless double beta decay, as well as for accurate Experimental search for the neutrinoless double beta decay (0) is of major importance in particle physics

  10. Probing New Physics Models of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with SuperNEMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Arnold; C. Augier; J. Baker; A. S. Barabash; A. Basharina-Freshville; M. Bongrand; V. Brudanin; A. J. Caffrey; S. Cebrián; A. Chapon; E. Chauveau; Th. Dafni; F. F. Deppisch; J. Diaz; D. Durand; V. Egorov; J. J. Evans; R. Flack; K-I. Fushima; I. García Irastorza; X. Garrido; H. Gómez; B. Guillon; A. Holin; K. Holy; J. J. Horkley; Ph. Hubert; C. Hugon; F. J. Iguaz; N. Ishihara; C. M. Jackson; S. Jullian; M. Kauer; O. Kochetov; S. I. Konovalov; V. Kovalenko; T. Lamhamdi; K. Lang; G. Lutter; G. Luzón; F. Mamedov; Ch. Marquet; F. Mauger; F. Monrabal; A. Nachab; I. Nasteva; I. Nemchenok; C. H. Nguyen; M. Nomachi; F. Nova; H. Ohsumi; R. B. Pahlka; F. Perrot; F. Piquemal; P. P. Povinec; B. Richards; J. S. Ricol; C. L. Riddle; A. Rodríguez; R. Saakyan; X. Sarazin; J. K. Sedgbeer; L. Serra; Yu. Shitov; L. Simard; F. Šimkovic; S. Söldner-Rembold; I. Štekl; C. S. Sutton; Y. Tamagawa; J. Thomas; V. Timkin; V. Tretyak; Vl. I. Tretyak; V. I. Umatov; I. A. Vanyushin; R. Vasiliev; V. Vasiliev; V. Vorobel; D. Waters; N. Yahlali; A. Žukauskas

    2010-11-23

    The possibility to probe new physics scenarios of light Majorana neutrino exchange and right-handed currents at the planned next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiment SuperNEMO is discussed. Its ability to study different isotopes and track the outgoing electrons provides the means to discriminate different underlying mechanisms for the neutrinoless double beta decay by measuring the decay half-life and the electron angular and energy distributions.

  11. Pinning Down the Mechanism of Neutrinoless Double {beta} Decay with Measurements in Different Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deppisch, Frank [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); Paes, Heinrich [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States)

    2007-06-08

    A measurement of neutrinoless double beta decay in one isotope does not allow us to determine the underlying physics mechanism. We discuss the discrimination of mechanisms for neutrinoless double beta decay by comparing ratios of half-life measurements for different isotopes. Six prominent examples for specific new physics contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay are analyzed. We find that the change in corresponding ratios of half lives varies from 60% for supersymmetric models up to a factor of 5-20 for extra-dimensional and left-right-symmetric mechanisms.

  12. Pinning down the mechanism of neutrinoless double beta decay with measurements in different nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Deppisch; H. Päs

    2007-06-25

    A measurement of neutrinoless double beta decay in one isotope does not allow to determine the underlying physics mechanism. We discuss the discrimination of mechanisms for neutrinoless double beta decay by comparing ratios of half life measurements for different isotopes. Six prominent examples for specific new physics contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay are analyzed. We find that the change in corresponding ratios of half lives varies from 60% for supersymmetric models up to a factor of 5-20 for extra-dimensional and left-right-symmetric mechanisms.

  13. The quest for neutrinoless double beta decay: Pseudo-Dirac, Majorana and sterile neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Meroni; E. Peinado

    2014-11-09

    In this paper we analyze the neutrinoless double beta decay predictions in some scenarios with admixture of pseudo-Dirac and Majorana neutrinos in the 3 and 3+1 neutrino frameworks. We found that some of the cases can be falsifiable in near-term and future generations of neutrinoless double beta decay experiments even for the normal neutrino mass hierarchy. In the 3+1 framework we consider the sterile neutrino with a mass of the order of 1 eV. The complementarity between cosmological constraints and the future sensitivity for the next generations of the neutrinoless double beta decay searches is exploited.

  14. Large Hadron Collider probe of supersymmetric neutrinoless double beta decay mechanism.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allanach, B. C.; Kom, C. H.; Pas, H.

    Fe b 2 00 9 CAVENDISH-HEP-2009-03, DAMTP-2009-15, DO-TH-09/01 Large Hadron Collider probe of supersymmetric neutrinoless double beta decay mechanism B. C. Allanach? DAMTP, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA, United Kingdom C... to the Standard Model, a non-zero lepton number violating coupling ??111 predicts both neutrinoless double beta decay and resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We show that, in this case, if neutrinoless double beta decay is discovered in the next...

  15. Neutron Inelastic Scattering Processes as Background for Double-Beta Decay Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. -M. Mei; S. R. Elliott; A. Hime; V. Gehman; K. Kazkaz

    2008-01-26

    We investigate several Pb$(n,n'\\gamma$) and Ge$(n,n'\\gamma$) reactions. We measure $\\gamma$-ray production from Pb$(n,n'\\gamma$) reactions that can be a significant background for double-beta decay experiments which use lead as a massive inner shield. Particularly worrisome for Ge-based double-beta decay experiments are the 2041-keV and 3062-keV $\\gamma$ rays produced via Pb$(n,n'\\gamma$). The former is very close to the ^{76}Ge double-beta decay endpoint energy and the latter has a double escape peak energy near the endpoint. Excitation $\\gamma$-ray lines from Ge$(n,n'\\gamma$) reactions are also observed. We consider the contribution of such backgrounds and their impact on the sensitivity of next-generation searches for neutrinoless double-beta decay using enriched germanium detectors.

  16. Experimental efforts in search of 76Ge Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somnath Choudhury

    2008-03-12

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the most sensitive approaches in non-accelerator particle physics to take us into a regime of physics beyond the standard model. This article is a brief review of the experiments in search of neutrinoless double beta decay from 76Ge. Following a brief introduction of the process of double beta decay from 76Ge, the results of the very first experiments IGEX and Heidelberg-Moscow which give indications of the existence of possible neutrinoless double beta decay mode has been reviewed. Then ongoing efforts to substantiate the early findings are presented and the Majorana experiment as a future experimental approach which will allow a very detailed study of the neutrinoless decay mode is discussed.

  17. Localizability of Tachyonic Particles and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. D. Jentschura; B. J. Wundt

    2012-01-01

    The quantum field theory of superluminal (tachyonic) particles is plagued with a number of problems, which include the Lorentz non-invariance of the vacuum state, the ambiguous separation of the field operator into creation and annihilation operators under Lorentz transformations, and the necessity of a complex reinterpretation principle for quantum processes. Another unsolved question concerns the treatment of subluminal components of a tachyonic wave packets in the field-theoretical formalism, and the calculation of the time-ordered propagator. After a brief discussion on related problems, we conclude that rather painful choices have to be made in order to incorporate tachyonic spin-1/2 particles into field theory. We argue that the field theory needs to be formulated such as to allow for localizable tachyonic particles, even if that means that a slight unitarity violation is introduced into the S matrix, and we write down field operators with unrestricted momenta. We find that once these choices have been made, the propagator for the neutrino field can be given in a compact form, and the left-handedness of the neutrino as well as the right-handedness of the antineutrino follow naturally. Consequences for neutrinoless double beta decay and superluminal propagation of neutrinos are briefly discussed.

  18. Possible Evidence of Time Variation of Weak Interaction Constant from Double Beta Decay Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2002-10-09

    A comparison is made of the probability of the process of two neutrino double beta decay for $^{82}$Se in direct (counter) and geochemical experiments. It is shown that the probability is systematically lower in geochemical experiments, which characterize the probability of $\\beta\\beta(2\

  19. Neutrinoless double beta decay in an $SU(3)_L\\otimes U(1)_N$ model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Pleitez; M. D. Tonasse

    1993-02-01

    We consider a model for the electroweak interactions with $SU(3)_L\\otimes U(1)_N$ gauge symmetry. We show that, it is the conservation of $F=L+B$ which forbids massive neutrinos and the neutrinoless double beta decay, $(\\beta\\beta)_{0\

  20. MOON (Mo Observatory Of Neutrinos) for double beta decay M. Nomachia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    experiments. The neutrino mass matrix is severely constrained by experiment [1]. Limits on neutrinoless double beta decay require the ee element to be less than about 10 eV, and there must be an eigenstate, pre

  1. Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay of [superscript 130]Te with CUORE-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfonso, K.

    We report the results of a search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in a 9.8 kg yr exposure of [superscript 130]Te using a bolometric detector array, CUORE-0. The characteristic detector energy resolution and background ...

  2. Probing the Majorana nature of the neutrino with neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Morisi

    2009-10-14

    Neutrinoless double beta decay (NDBD) is the only experiment that could probe the Majorana nature of the neutrino. Here we study the theoretical implications of NDBD for models yielding tri-bimaximal lepton mixing like A4 and S4.

  3. Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay: a Probe of Physics Beyond the Standard Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti

    2015-02-16

    In the Standard Model the total lepton number is conserved. Thus, neutrinoless double-beta decay, in which the total lepton number is violated by two units, is a probe of physics beyond the Standard Model. In this review we consider the basic mechanism of neutrinoless double-beta decay induced by light Majorana neutrino masses. After a brief summary of the present status of our knowledge of neutrino masses and mixing and an introduction to the seesaw mechanism for the generation of light Majorana neutrino masses, in this review we discuss the theory and phenomenology of neutrinoless double-beta decay. We present the basic elements of the theory of neutrinoless double-beta decay, our view of the present status of the challenging problem of the calculation of the nuclear matrix element of the process and a summary of the experimental results.

  4. Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in $^{136}$Xe with EXO-200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Auger; D. J. Auty; P. S. Barbeau; E. Beauchamp; V. Belov; C. Benitez-Medina; M. Breidenbach; T. Brunner; A. Burenkov; B. Cleveland; S. Cook; T. Daniels; M. Danilov; C. G. Davis; S. Delaquis; R. deVoe; A. Dobi; M. J. Dolinski; A. Dolgolenko; M. Dunford; W. Fairbank Jr.; J. Farine; W. Feldmeier; P. Fierlinger; D. Franco; G. Giroux; R. Gornea; K. Graham; G. Gratta; C. Hall; K. Hall; C. Hargrove; S. Herrin; M. Hughes; A. Johnson; T. N. Johnson; A. Karelin; L. J. Kaufman; A. Kuchenkov; K. S. Kumar; D. S. Leonard; F. Leonard; D. Mackay; R. MacLellan; M. Marino; B. Mong; M. Montero Diez; A. R. Muller; R. Neilson; R. Nelson; A. Odian; I. Ostrovskiy; K. O'Sullivan; C. Ouellet; A. Piepke; A. Pocar; C. Y. Prescott; K. Pushkin; P. C. Rowson; J. J. Russell; A. Sabourov; D. Sinclair; S. Slutsky; V. Stekhanov; T. Tolba; D. Tosi; K. Twelker; P. Vogel; J. -L. Vuilleumier; A. Waite; T. Walton; M. Weber; U. Wichoski; J. Wodin; J. D. Wright; L. Yang; Y. -R. Yen; O. Ya. Zeldovich

    2012-07-20

    We report on a search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of $^{136}$Xe with EXO-200. No signal is observed for an exposure of 32.5 kg-yr, with a background of ~1.5 x 10^{-3} /(kg yr keV) in the $\\pm 1\\sigma$ region of interest. This sets a lower limit on the half-life of the neutrinoless double-beta decay $T_{1/2}^{0\

  5. Shell model analysis of the neutrinoless double-{beta} decay of {sup 48}Ca

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horoi, Mihai [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States); Stoica, Sabin [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), 407 Atomistilor, Magurele-Bucharest, R-077125 (Romania)

    2010-02-15

    The neutrinoless double-{beta} (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) decay process could provide crucial information to determine the absolute scale of neutrino masses, and it is the only one that can establish whether a neutrino is a Dirac or a Majorana particle. A key ingredient for extracting the absolute neutrino masses from 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay experiments is a precise knowledge of the nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) describing the half-life of this process. We developed a shell model approach for computing the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay NME, and we used it to analyze the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} mode of {sup 48}Ca. The dependence of the NME on the short-range correlation parameters, on the average energy of the intermediate states, on the finite-size cutoff parameters, and on the effective interaction used for many-body calculations is discussed.

  6. Sense and sensitivity of double beta decay experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gómez-Cadenas, J.J.; Martín-Albo, J.; Sorel, M.; Ferrario, P.; Monrabal, F.; Muñoz, J. [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC and Universidad de Valencia, Calle Catedrático José Beltrán 2, 46071 Valencia (Spain); Novella, P. [Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Poves, A., E-mail: gomez@mail.cern.ch, E-mail: justo.martin-albo@ific.uv.es, E-mail: sorel@ific.uv.es, E-mail: paola.ferrario@ific.uv.es, E-mail: francesc.monrabal@ific.uv.es, E-mail: jmunoz@ific.uv.es, E-mail: pau.novella@ciemat.es, E-mail: alfredo.poves@uam.es [Dpto. de de Física Teórica and IFT-UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Calle Nicolás Cabrera 13-15, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2011-06-01

    The search for neutrinoless double beta decay is a very active field in which the number of proposals for next-generation experiments has proliferated. In this paper we attempt to address both the sense and the sensitivity of such proposals. Sensitivity comes first, by means of proposing a simple and unambiguous statistical recipe to derive the sensitivity to a putative Majorana neutrino mass, m{sub ??}. In order to make sense of how the different experimental approaches compare, we apply this recipe to a selection of proposals, comparing the resulting sensitivities. We also propose a ''physics-motivated range'' (PMR) of the nuclear matrix elements as a unifying criterium between the different nuclear models. The expected performance of the proposals is parametrized in terms of only four numbers: energy resolution, background rate (per unit time, isotope mass and energy), detection efficiency, and ?? isotope mass. For each proposal, both a reference and an optimistic scenario for the experimental performance are studied. In the reference scenario we find that all the proposals will be able to partially explore the degenerate spectrum, without fully covering it, although four of them (KamLAND-Zen, CUORE, NEXT and EXO) will approach the 50 meV boundary. In the optimistic scenario, we find that CUORE and the xenon-based proposals (KamLAND-Zen, EXO and NEXT) will explore a significant fraction of the inverse hierarchy, with NEXT covering it almost fully. For the long term future, we argue that {sup 136}Xe-based experiments may provide the best case for a 1-ton scale experiment, given the potentially very low backgrounds achievable and the expected scalability to large isotope masses.

  7. Systematic Effects in Pulse Shape Analysis of HPGe Detector Signals for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gehman, Victor M; Mei, Dongming

    2009-01-01

    Pulse shape analysis is an important background reduction and signal identification technique for next generation of neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments examining 76Ge. We present a study of the systematic uncertainties in one such parametric pulse-shape analysis technique for separating multi-site backgrounds from single-site signal events. We examined systematic uncertainties for events in full-energy gamma peaks (predominantly multi-site), double escape peaks (predominantly single-site) and the Compton continuum near double-beta decay endpoint (which will be the dominant background for most neutrinoless double-beta decay searches). In short, we find total (statistical plus systematic) fractional uncertainties in the pulse shape cut survival probabilities of: 6.6%, 1.5% and 3.8% for double-escape, continuum and gamma-ray events respectively.

  8. Systematic Effects in Pulse Shape Analysis of HPGe Detector Signals for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor M Gehman; Steven R Elliott; Dongming Mei

    2010-03-05

    Pulse shape analysis is an important background reduction and signal identification technique for next generation of neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments examining 76Ge. We present a study of the systematic uncertainties in one such parametric pulse-shape analysis technique for separating multi-site backgrounds from single-site signal events. We examined systematic uncertainties for events in full-energy gamma peaks (predominantly multi-site), double escape peaks (predominantly single-site) and the Compton continuum near double-beta decay endpoint (which will be the dominant background for most neutrinoless double-beta decay searches). In short, we find total (statistical plus systematic) fractional uncertainties in the pulse shape cut survival probabilities of: 6.6%, 1.5% and 3.8% for double-escape, continuum and gamma-ray events respectively.

  9. Neutron Interactions in the CUORE Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dolinski, M J

    2008-09-24

    Neutrinoless double beta decay (0{nu}DBD) is a lepton-number violating process that can occur only for a massive Majorana neutrino. The search for 0{nu}DBD is currently the only practical experimental way to determine whether neutrinos are identical to their own antiparticles (Majorana neutrinos) or have distinct particle and anti-particle states (Dirac neutrinos). In addition, the observation of 0{nu}DBD can provide information about the absolute mass scale of the neutrino. The Cuoricino experiment was a sensitive search for 0{nu}DBD, as well as a proof of principle for the next generation experiment, CUORE. CUORE will search for 0{nu}DBD of {sup 130}Te with a ton-scale array of unenriched TeO{sub 2} bolometers. By increasing mass and decreasing the background for 0{nu}DBD, the half-life sensitivity of CUORE will be a factor of twenty better than that of Cuoricino. The site for both of these experiments is the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, an underground laboratory with 3300 meters water equivalent rock overburden and a cosmic ray muon attenuation factor of 10{sup -6}. Because of the extreme low background requirements for CUORE, it is important that all potential sources of background in the 0{nu}DBD peak region at 2530 keV are well understood. One potential source of background for CUORE comes from neutrons, which can be produced underground both by ({alpha},n) reactions and by fast cosmic ray muon interactions. Preliminary simulations by the CUORE collaboration indicate that these backgrounds will be negligible for CUORE. However, in order to accurately simulate the expected neutron background, it is important to understand the cross sections for neutron interactions with detector materials. In order to help refine these simulations, I have measured the gamma-ray production cross sections for interactions of neutrons on the abundant stable isotopes of Te using the GEANIE detector array at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. In addition, I have used the GEANIE data to set an upper limit for the production of a 2529 keV gamma-ray from the {sup 126}Te(n,n{prime}{gamma}) reaction. This gamma-ray is a potential source of interference for the 0{nu}DBD peak. Based on this measurement, the contribution of this line to the background is expected to be negligible.

  10. First Results of the Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay with the NEMO 3 Detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnold, R.; Caurier, E.; Guyonnet, J.L.; Jollet, C.; Nowacki, F. [IReS, IN2P3-CNRS and ULP, 67037 Strasbourg (France); Augier, C.; Errahmane, K.; Etienvre, A.I.; Jullian, S.; Lalanne, D.; Sarazin, X.; Simard, L.; Szklarz, G. [LAL, IN2P3-CNRS and UPS, 91405 Orsay (France); Baker, J.; Caffrey, A.J. [INL, Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 (United States); Barabash, A.; Konovalov, S.; Umatov, V.; Vanushin, I.; Vasilyev, V. [ITEP, 117259 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [and others

    2005-10-28

    The NEMO 3 detector, which has been operating in the Frejus underground laboratory since February 2003, is devoted to the search for neutrinoless double-beta decay ({beta}{beta}0{nu}). The half-lives of the two neutrino double-beta decay ({beta}{beta}2{nu}) have been measured for {sup 100}Mo and {sup 82}Se. After 389 effective days of data collection from February 2003 until September 2004 (phase I), no evidence for neutrinoless double-beta decay was found from {approx}7 kg of {sup 100}Mo and {approx}1 kg of {sup 82}Se. The corresponding limits are T{sub 1/2}({beta}{beta}0{nu})>4.6x10{sup 23} yr for {sup 100}Mo and T{sub 1/2}({beta}{beta}0{nu})>1.0x10{sup 23} yr for {sup 82}Se (90% C.L.). Depending on the nuclear matrix element calculation, the limits for the effective Majorana neutrino mass are <0.7-2.8 eV for {sup 100}Mo and <1.7-4.9 eV for {sup 82}Se.

  11. Neutrinoless double beta decay of 48Ca in the shell model: Closure versus nonclosure approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. A. Sen'kov; M. Horoi

    2013-12-16

    Neutrinoless double-beta decay is a unique process that could reveal physics beyond the Standard Model. Essential ingredients in the analysis of neutrinoless double-beta rates are the associated nuclear matrix elements. Most of the approaches used to calculate these matrix elements rely on the closure approximation. Here we analyze the light neutrino-exchange matrix elements of 48Ca neutrinoless double-beta decay and test the closure approximation in a shell-model approach. We calculate the neutrinoless double-beta nuclear matrix elements for 48Ca using both the closure approximation and a nonclosure approach, and we estimate the uncertainties associated with the closure approximation. We demonstrate that the nonclosure approach has excellent convergence properties which allow us to avoid unmanageable computational cost. Combining the nonclosure and closure approaches we propose a new method of calculation for neutrinoless double-beta decay rates which can be applied to the neutrinoless double-beta decay rates of heavy nuclei, such as 76Ge or 82Se.

  12. Addendum to: QRPA uncertainties and their correlations in the analysis of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amand Faessler; G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; V. Rodin; A. M. Rotunno; F. Simkovic

    2013-01-07

    In a previous article [Phys. Rev. D 79, 053001 (2009)] we estimated the correlated uncertainties associated to the nuclear matrix elements (NME) of neutrinoless double beta decay (0 nu beta beta) within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). Such estimates encompass recent independent calculations of NMEs, and can thus still provide a fair representation of the nuclear model uncertainties. In this context, we compare the claim of 0 nu beta beta decay in Ge-76 with recent negative results in Xe-136 and in other nuclei, and we infer the lifetime ranges allowed or excluded at 90% C.L. We also highlight some issues that should be addressed in order to properly compare and combine results coming from different 0 nu beta beta decay candidate nuclei.

  13. The Majorana Demonstrator: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of 76Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majorana Collaboration; W. Xu; N. Abgrall; F. T. Avignone III; A. S. Barabash; F. E. Bertrand; V. Brudanin; M. Busch; M. Buuck; D. Byram; A. S. Caldwell; Y-D. Chan; C. D. Christofferson; C. Cuesta; J. A. Detwiler; Yu. Efremenko; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; A. Galindo-Uribarri; G. K. Giovanetti; J. Goett; M. P. Green; J. Gruszko; I. Guinn; V. E. Guiseppe; R. Henning; E. W. Hoppe; S. Howard; M. A. Howe; B. R. Jasinski; K. J. Keeter; M. F. Kidd; S. I. Konovalov; R. T. Kouzes; B. D. LaFerriere; J. Leon; J. MacMullin; R. D. Martin; S. J. Meijer; S. Mertens; J. L. Orrell; C. O'Shaughnessy; N. R. Overman; A. W. P. Poon; D. C. Radford; J. Rager; K. Rielage; R. G. H. Robertson; E. Romero-Romero; M. C. Ronquest; B. Shanks; M. Shirchenko; N. Snyder; A. M. Suriano; D. Tedeschi; J. E. Trimble; R. L. Varner; S. Vasilyev; K. Vetter; K. Vorren; B. R. White; J. F. Wilkerson; C. Wiseman; E. Yakushev; C-H. Yu; V. Yumatov

    2015-05-09

    Neutrinoless double-beta decay is a hypothesized process where in some even-even nuclei it might be possible for two neutrons to simultaneously decay into two protons and two electrons without emitting neutrinos. This is possible only if neutrinos are Majorana particles, i.e. fermions that are their own antiparticles. Neutrinos being Majorana particles would explicitly violate lepton number conservation, and might play a role in the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would also provide complementary information related to neutrino masses. The Majorana Collaboration is constructing the Majorana Demonstrator, a 40-kg modular germanium detector array, to search for the Neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge and to demonstrate a background rate at or below 3 counts/(ROI-t-y) in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) around the 2039 keV Q-value for 76Ge Neutrinoless double-beta decay. In this paper, we discuss the physics of neutrinoless double beta decay and then focus on the Majorana Demonstrator, including its design and approach to achieve ultra-low backgrounds and the status of the experiment.

  14. The Majorana Demonstrator: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of 76Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, W; Avignone, F T; Barabash, A S; Bertrand, F E; Brudanin, V; Busch, M; Buuck, M; Byram, D; Caldwell, A S; Chan, Y-D; Christofferson, C D; Cuesta, C; Detwiler, J A; Efremenko, Yu; Ejiri, H; Elliott, S R; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Giovanetti, G K; Goett, J; Green, M P; Gruszko, J; Guinn, I; Guiseppe, V E; Henning, R; Hoppe, E W; Howard, S; Howe, M A; Jasinski, B R; Keeter, K J; Kidd, M F; Konovalov, S I; Kouzes, R T; LaFerriere, B D; Leon, J; MacMullin, J; Martin, R D; Meijer, S J; Mertens, S; Orrell, J L; O'Shaughnessy, C; Overman, N R; Poon, A W P; Radford, D C; Rager, J; Rielage, K; Robertson, R G H; Romero-Romero, E; Ronquest, M C; Shanks, B; Shirchenko, M; Snyder, N; Suriano, A M; Tedeschi, D; Trimble, J E; Varner, R L; Vasilyev, S; Vetter, K; Vorren, K; White, B R; Wilkerson, J F; Wiseman, C; Yakushev, E; Yu, C-H; Yumatov, V

    2015-01-01

    Neutrinoless double-beta decay is a hypothesized process where in some even-even nuclei it might be possible for two neutrons to simultaneously decay into two protons and two electrons without emitting neutrinos. This is possible only if neutrinos are Majorana particles, i.e. fermions that are their own antiparticles. Neutrinos being Majorana particles would explicitly violate lepton number conservation, and might play a role in the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would also provide complementary information related to neutrino masses. The Majorana Collaboration is constructing the Majorana Demonstrator, a 40-kg modular germanium detector array, to search for the Neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge and to demonstrate a background rate at or below 3 counts/(ROI-t-y) in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) around the 2039 keV Q-value for 76Ge Neutrinoless double-beta decay. In this paper, we discuss the physics of neutrinoless double beta decay and...

  15. The MAJORANA Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment (Conference) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)FeedbackProperties of GrapheneProposedneutrinoless double-betaSciTech

  16. Nuclear Shell Model Analyses and Predictions of Double-Beta Decay Observables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horoi, Mihai [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan, 48859 (United States)

    2010-11-24

    Recent results from neutrino oscillation experiments have convincingly demonstrated that neutrinos have mass and they can mix. The neutrinoless double beta decay is the most sensitive process to determine the absolute scale of the neutrino masses, and the only one that can distinguish whether neutrino is a Dirac or a Majorana particle. A key ingredient for extracting the absolute neutrino masses from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments is a precise knowledge of the nuclear matrix elements (NME) for this process. Newly developed shell model approaches for computing the NME and half-lifes for the two-neutrino and neutrinoless double beta decay modes using modern effective interactions are presented. The implications of the new results on the experimental limits of the effective neutrino mass are discussed by comparing the decays of {sup 48}Ca and {sup 76}Ge.

  17. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments? John N. Bahcall,* Hitoshi Murayama, + and C. Pen aGaray #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahcall, John

    What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments? John N. Bahcall,* Hitoshi­generation neutrinoless double beta decay and normal neutrino beta decay experi­ ments can answer four fundamental questions. #1# If neutrinoless double beta decay searches do not detect a signal, and if the spectrum

  18. Alpha Backgrounds for HPGe Detectors in Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. A. Johnson; T. H. Burritt; S. R. Elliott; V. M. Gehman; V. E. Guiseppe; J. F. Wilkerson

    2011-12-30

    The Majorana Experiment will use arrays of enriched HPGe detectors to search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge. Such a decay, if found, would show lepton-number violation and confirm the Majorana nature of the neutrino. Searches for such rare events are hindered by obscuring backgrounds which must be understood and mitigated as much as possible. A potentially important background contribution to this and other double-beta decay experiments could come from decays of alpha-emitting isotopes in the 232Th and 238U decay chains on or near the surfaces of the detectors. An alpha particle emitted external to an HPGe crystal can lose energy before entering the active region of the detector, either in some external-bulk material or within the dead region of the crystal. The measured energy of the event will only correspond to a partial amount of the total kinetic energy of the alpha and might obscure the signal from neutrinoless double-beta decay. A test stand was built and measurements were performed to quantitatively assess this background. We present results from these measurements and compare them to simulations using Geant4. These results are then used to measure the alpha backgrounds in an underground detector in situ. We also make estimates of surface contamination tolerances for double-beta decay experiments using solid-state detectors.

  19. Alpha Backgrounds for HPGe Detectors in Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, R. A. [University of Washington, Seattle; Burritt, T. H. [University of Washington, Seattle; Elliott, S. R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Gehman, V. M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Guiseppe, V.E. [University of South Dakota; Wilkerson, J. F. [UNC/Triangle Univ. Nucl. Lab, Durham, NC/ORNL

    2012-01-01

    The Majorana Experiment will use arrays of enriched HPGe detectors to search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge. Such a decay, if found, would show lepton-number violation and confirm the Majorana nature of the neutrino. Searches for such rare events are hindered by obscuring backgrounds which must be understood and mitigated as much as possible. A potentially important background contribution to this and other double-beta decay experiments could come from decays of alpha-emitting isotopes in the 232Th and 238U decay chains on or near the surfaces of the detectors. An alpha particle emitted external to an HPGe crystal can lose energy before entering the active region of the detector, either in some external-bulk material or within the dead region of the crystal. The measured energy of the event will only correspond to a partial amount of the total kinetic energy of the alpha and might obscure the signal from neutrinoless double-beta decay. A test stand was built and measurements were performed to quantitatively assess this background. We present results from these measurements and compare them to simulations using Geant4. These results are then used to measure the alpha backgrounds in an underground detector in situ. We also make estimates of surface contamination tolerances for double-beta decay experiments using solid-state detectors.

  20. Challenges for a reliable shell model description of the neutrinoless double beta decay matrix elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horoi, Mihai [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan, 48859 (United States)

    2011-12-16

    Assuming that the neutrinos are Majorana particles and the neutrinoless double beta (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) decay is observed, a reliable 0{nu}{beta}{beta} matrix element is necessary to decide the neutrino mass hierarchy and the minimum neutrino mass. Many nuclear structure techniques, including the shell model, are presently used to calculate these matrix elements. In the last few years one could see a slow convergence of these results, but not yet at a level of 20 several shell model effective interactions and varying other parameters, finding results in a range that spans about 20In this contribution we describe challenges for obtaining reliable shell model 0{nu}{beta}{beta} matrix elements, with emphasis to {sup 76}Ge and {sup 82}Se decays.

  1. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of Germanium-76

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MAJORANA Collaboration; A. G. Schubert; E. Aguayo; F. T. Avignone III; H. O. Back; A. S. Barabash; M. Bergevin; F. E. Bertrand; M. Boswell; V. Brudanin; M. Busch; Y-D. Chan; C. D. Christofferson; J. I. Collar; D. C. Combs; R. J. Cooper; J. A. Detwiler; J. Leon; P. J. Doe; Yu. Efremenko; V. Egorov; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; J. Esterline; J. E. Fast; N. Fields; P. Finnerty; F. M. Fraenkle; V. M. Gehman; G. K. Giovanetti; M. P. Green; V. E. Guiseppe; K. Gusey; A. L. Hallin; R. Hazama; R. Henning; A. Hime; E. W. Hoppe; M. Horton; S. Howard; M. A. Howe; R. A. Johnson; K. J. Keeter; M. E. Keillor; C. Keller; J. D. Kephart; M. F. Kidd; A. Knecht; O. Kochetov; S. I. Konovalov; R. T. Kouzes; B. LaFerriere; B. H. LaRoque; L. E. Leviner; J. C. Loach; S. MacMullin; M. G. Marino; R. D. Martin; D. -M. Mei; J. Merriman; M. L. Miller; L. Mizouni; M. Nomachi; J. L. Orrell; N. Overman; D. G. Phillips II; A. W. P. Poon; G. Perumpilly; G. Prior; D. C. Radford; K. Rielage; R. G. H. Robertson; M. C. Ronquest; T. Shima; M. Shirchenko; K. J. Snavely; V. Sobolev; D. Steele; J. Strain; K. Thomas; V. Timkin; W. Tornow; I. Vanyushin; R. L. Varner; K. Vetter; K. Vorren; J. F. Wilkerson; B. A. Wolfe; E. Yakushev; A. R. Young; C. ?H. Yu; V. Yumatov; C. Zhan

    2011-09-07

    The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would determine whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle and provide information on the absolute scale of neutrino mass. The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the DEMONSTRATOR, an array of germanium detectors, to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76-Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will contain 40 kg of germanium; up to 30 kg will be enriched to 86% in 76-Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will be deployed deep underground in an ultra-low-background shielded environment. Operation of the DEMONSTRATOR aims to determine whether a future tonne-scale germanium experiment can achieve a background goal of one count per tonne-year in a 4-keV region of interest around the 76-Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay Q-value of 2039 keV.

  2. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of Germanium-76

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schubert, Alexis G.; Aguayo, Estanislao; Avignone, F. T.; Zhang, C.; Back, Henning O.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Bergevin, M.; Bertrand, F.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, Matthew; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Christofferson, Cabot-Ann; Collar, J. I.; Combs, Dustin C.; Cooper, R. J.; Detwiler, Jason A.; Leon, Jonathan D.; Doe, Peter J.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, S. R.; Esterline, James H.; Fast, James E.; Fields, N.; Finnerty, P.; Fraenkle, Florian; Gehman, Victor M.; Giovanetti, G. K.; Green, M.; Guiseppe, Vincente; Gusey, K.; Hallin, A. L.; Hazama, R.; Henning, Reyco; Hime, Andrew; Hoppe, Eric W.; Horton, Mark; Howard, Stanley; Howe, Mark; Johnson, R. A.; Keeter, K.; Keillor, Martin E.; Keller, C.; Kephart, Jeremy D.; Kidd, M. F.; Knecht, A.; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; LaFerriere, Brian D.; LaRoque, B. H.; Leviner, L.; Loach, J. C.; MacMullin, S.; Marino, Michael G.; Martin, R. D.; Mei, Dong-Ming; Merriman, Jason H.; Miller, M. L.; Mizouni, Leila; Nomachi, Masaharu; Orrell, John L.; Overman, Nicole R.; Phillips, D.; Poon, Alan; Perumpilly, Gopakumar; Prior, Gersende; Radford, D. C.; Rielage, Keith; Robertson, R. G. H.; Ronquest, M. C.; Shima, T.; Shirchenko, M.; Snavely, Kyle J.; Sobolev, V.; Steele, David; Strain, J.; Thomas, K.; Timkin, V.; Tornow, Werner; Vanyushin, I.; Varner, R. L.; Vetter, Kai; Vorren, Kris R.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Wolfe, B. A.; Yakushev, E.; Young, A.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Yumatov, Vladimir

    2012-09-28

    The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would determine whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle and provide information on the absolute scale of neutrino mass. The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the DEMONSTRATOR, an array of germanium detectors, to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will contain 40 kg of germanium; up to 30 kg will be enriched to 86% in 76Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will be deployed deep underground in an ultra-low-background shielded environment. Operation of the DEMONSTRATOR aims to determine whether a future tonne-scale germanium experiment can achieve a background goal of one count per tonne-year in a 4-keV region of interest around the 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay Q-value of 2039 keV.

  3. First results of the search of neutrinoless double beta decay with the NEMO 3 detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Arnold et al. NEMO Collaboration

    2005-09-02

    The NEMO 3 detector, which has been operating in the Frejus underground laboratory since February 2003, is devoted to the search for neutrinoless double beta decay (bb0nu). Half-lives of the two neutrino double beta decays (bb2nu) have been measured for 100Mo and 82Se. After 389 effective days of data collection from February 2003 until September 2004 (Phase I), no evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay was found from ~7kg of 100Mo and ~1 kg of 82Se. The corresponding lower limits for the half-lives are 4.6 x 10^23 years for 100Mo and 1.0 x10^23 years for 82Se (90% C.L.). Depending on the nuclear matrix elements calculation, limits for the effective Majorana neutrino mass are < 1.7-4.9 eV for 82Se

  4. Neutrinoless double {beta}-decay nuclear matrix elements within the SRQRPA with self-consistent short range correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benes, Petr [IEAP, Czech Technical University (Czech Republic); Simkovic, Fedor [Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynska dolina, SK-84248 Bratislava (Slovakia); Bogolyubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation)

    2009-11-09

    The nuclear matrix elements M{sup 0v} of the neutrinoless double beta decay (0v{beta}{beta}-decay) are systematically evaluated using the self-consistent renormalized quasiparticle random phase approximation (SRQRPA). The residual interaction and the two-nucleon short-range correlations are derived from the charge-dependent Bonn (CD-Bonn) potential. The importance of further progress in the calculation of the 0v{beta}{beta}-decay nuclear matrix elements is stressed.

  5. Neutrino propagation in nuclear medium and neutrinoless double-beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kovalenko, S; Simkovic, F

    2013-01-01

    We discuss a novel effect in neutrinoless double beta decay related with the fact that its underlying mechanisms take place in the nuclear matter environment. We study a particular case of neutrino exchange mechanism and demonstrate possible impact of nuclear medium via Lepton Number Violating (LNV) 4-fermion neutral current interactions of neutrino with quarks from decaying nucleus. The net effect of these interactions is generation of an effective in-medium Majorana neutrino mass matrix. We calculate the corresponding effective masses and construct the neutrino mixing matrix in nuclear medium for the complete set of the relevant 4-fermion neutrino-quark operators. Using the experimental data on neutrinoless double beta decay in combination with the cosmological and tritium beta decay data we evaluate lower limits on the characteristic scales of the studied 4-fermion operators. For the LNV scale we have > 2.4 TeV.

  6. Characterization of ZnSe scintillating bolometers for Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Arnaboldi; S. Capelli; O. Cremonesi; L. Gironi; M. Pavan; G. Pessina; S. Pirro

    2010-06-30

    ZnSe scintillating bolometers are good candidates for future Double Beta Decay searches, because of the 82Se high Q-value and thanks to the possibility of alpha background rejection on the basis of the scintillation signal. In this paper we report the characteristics and the anomalies observed in an extensive study of these devices. Among them, an unexpected high emission from alpha particles, accompanied with an unusual pattern of the light vs. heat scatter plot. The perspectives for the application of this kind of detectors to search for the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 82Se are presented.

  7. Simulation studies for Tin Bolometer Array for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Singh; N. Dokania; S. Mathimalar; V. Nanal; R. G. Pillay

    2015-07-31

    It is important to identify and reduce the gamma radiation which can be a significant source of background for any double beta decay experiment. The TIN.TIN detector array, which is under development for the search of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in $^{124}$Sn, has the potential to utilize the hit multiplicity information to discriminate the gamma background from the events of interest. Monte Carlo simulations for optimizing the design of a Tin detector module has been performed by varying element sizes with an emphasis on the gamma background reduction capabilities of the detector array.

  8. The Majorana experiment: an ultra-low background search for neutrinoless double-beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. G. Phillips II; E. Aguayo; F. T. Avignone III; H. O. Back; A. S. Barabash; M. Bergevin; F. E. Bertrand; M. Boswell; V. Brudanin; M. Busch; Y. -D. Chan; C. D. Christofferson; J. I. Collar; D. C. Combs; R. J. Cooper; J. A. Detwiler; P. J. Doe; Y. Efremenko; V. Egorov; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; J. Esterline; J. E. Fast; N. Fields; P. Finnerty; F. M. Fraenkle; V. M. Gehman; G. K. Giovanetti; M. P. Green; V. E. Guiseppe; K. Gusey; A. L. Hallin; R. Hazama; R. Henning; A. Hime; E. W. Hoppe; M. Horton; S. Howard; M. A. Howe; R. A. Johnson; K. J. Keeter; C. Keller; M. F. Kidd; A. Knecht; O. Kochetov; S. I. Konovalov; R. T. Kouzes; B. LaFerriere; B. H. LaRoque; J. Leon; L. E. Leviner; J. C. Loach; S. MacMullin; M. G. Marino; R. D. Martin; D. -M. Mei; J. Merriman; M. L. Miller; L. Mizouni; M. Nomachi; J. L. Orrell; N. R. Overman; A. W. P. Poon; G. Perumpilly; G. Prior; D. C. Radford; K. Rielage; R. G. H. Robertson; M. C. Ronquest; A. G. Schubert; T. Shima; M. Shirchenko; K. J. Snavely; D. Steele; J. Strain; K. Thomas; V. Timkin; W. Tornow; I. Vanyushin; R. L. Varner; K. Vetter; K. Vorren; J. F. Wilkerson; B. A. Wolfe; E. Yakushev; A. R. Young; C. -H. Yu; V. Yumatov; C. Zhang

    2011-11-23

    The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would resolve the Majorana nature of the neutrino and could provide information on the absolute scale of the neutrino mass. The initial phase of the Majorana experiment, known as the Demonstrator, will house 40 kg of Ge in an ultra-low background shielded environment at the 4850' level of the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The objective of the Demonstrator is to determine whether a future 1-tonne experiment can achieve a background goal of one count per tonne-year in a narrow region of interest around the 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay peak.

  9. The MAJORANA experiment: an ultra-low background search for neutrinoless double-beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, D.; Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao; Avignone, Frank T.; Back, Henning O.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Bergevin, M.; Bertrand, F.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, Matthew; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Christofferson, Cabot-Ann; Collar, J. I.; Combs, Dustin C.; Cooper, R. J.; Detwiler, Jason A.; Doe, Peter J.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, Steven R.; Esterline, James H.; Fast, James E.; Fields, N.; Finnerty, P.; Fraenkle, Florian; Gehman, Victor; Giovanetti, G. K.; Green, Matthew P.; Guiseppe, Vincente; Gusey, K.; Hallin, A. L.; Hazama, R.; Henning, Reyco; Hime, Andrew; Hoppe, Eric W.; Horton, Mark; Howard, Stanley; Howe, M. A.; Johnson, R. A.; Keeter, K.; Keller, C.; Kidd, Mary; Knecht, A.; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; LaFerriere, Brian D.; LaRoque, B. H.; Leon, Jonathan D.; Leviner, L.; Loach, J. C.; MacMullin, S.; Marino, Michael G.; Martin, R. D.; Mei, Dong-Ming; Merriman, Jason H.; Miller, M. L.; Mizouni, Leila; Nomachi, Masaharu; Orrell, John L.; Overman, Nicole R.; Poon, Alan; Perumpilly, Gopakumar; Prior, Gersende; Radford, D. C.; Rielage, Keith; Robertson, R. G. H.; Ronquest, M. C.; Schubert, Alexis G.; Shima, T.; Shirchenko, M.; Snavely, Kyle J.; Steele, David; Strain, J.; Thomas, K.; Timkin, V.; Tornow, W.; Vanyushin, I.; Varner, R. L.; Vetter, Kai; Vorren, Kris R.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Wolfe, B. A.; Yakushev, E.; Young, A.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Yumatov, Vladimir; Zhang, C.

    2012-12-01

    The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would resolve the Majorana nature of the neutrino and could provide information on the absolute scale of the neutrino mass. The initial phase of the Majorana Experiment, known as the Demonstrator, will house 40 kg of Ge in an ultra-low background shielded environment at the 4850' level of the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The objective of the Demonstrator is to validate whether a future 1-tonne experiment can achieve a background goal of one count per tonne-year in a narrow region of interest around the 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay peak.

  10. Optimization of the Transport Shield for Neutrinoless Double Beta-decay Enriched Germanium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao; Kouzes, Richard T.; Orrell, John L.; Reid, Douglas J.; Fast, James E.

    2012-04-15

    This document presents results of an investigation of the material and geometry choice for the transport shield of germanium, the active detector material used in 76Ge neutrinoless double beta decay searches. The objective of this work is to select the optimal material and geometry to minimize cosmogenic production of radioactive isotopes in the germanium material. The design of such a shield is based on the calculation of the cosmogenic production rate of isotopes that are known to cause interfering backgrounds in 76Ge neutrinoless double beta decay searches.

  11. Consensus Report of a Workshop on "Matrix elements for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Zuber

    2005-11-03

    This is the consensus of a Workshop on "Matrix elements for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay" held at the IPPP Durham (UK). The aim of this workshop has been to define a well planned, coherent strategy to reduce the errors on nuclear matrix element calculations for double beta decay to a level of 30% by performing the necessary measurements with currently existing and planned facilities. These measurements should provide reliable input for the theoretical calculations. The outcome of the workshop has been organised in working packages. The consensus might act as a starting point for an international coherent effort to achieve this goal.

  12. Falsifying High-Scale Baryogenesis with Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Lepton Flavor Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deppisch, Frank F; Hirsch, Martin; Huang, Wei-Chih; Päs, Heinrich

    2015-01-01

    Interactions that manifest themselves as lepton number violating processes at low energies in combination with sphaleron transitions typically erase any pre-existing baryon asymmetry of the universe. In this letter, we discuss the constraints obtained from an observation of neutrinoless double beta decay in this context. If a new physics mechanism of neutrinoless double beta decay is observed, typical scenarios of high-scale baryogenesis will be excluded unless the baryon asymmetry is stabilized via some new mechanism. We also sketch how this conclusion can be extended beyond the first lepton generation by incorporating lepton flavor violating processes.

  13. Falsifying High-Scale Baryogenesis with Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Lepton Flavor Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank F. Deppisch; Julia Harz; Martin Hirsch; Wei-Chih Huang; Heinrich Päs

    2015-09-11

    Interactions that manifest themselves as lepton number violating processes at low energies in combination with sphaleron transitions typically erase any preexisting baryon asymmetry of the Universe. In this article, we discuss the constraints obtained from an observation of neutrinoless double beta decay in this context. If a new physics mechanism of neutrinoless double beta decay other than the standard light neutrino exchange is observed, typical scenarios of high-scale baryogenesis will be excluded unless the baryon asymmetry is stabilized via some new mechanism. We also sketch how this conclusion can be extended beyond the first lepton generation by incorporating lepton flavor violating processes.

  14. Falsifying High-Scale Baryogenesis with Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Lepton Flavor Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank F. Deppisch; Julia Harz; Martin Hirsch; Wei-Chih Huang; Heinrich Päs

    2015-03-16

    Interactions that manifest themselves as lepton number violating processes at low energies in combination with sphaleron transitions typically erase any pre-existing baryon asymmetry of the universe. In this letter, we discuss the constraints obtained from an observation of neutrinoless double beta decay in this context. If a new physics mechanism of neutrinoless double beta decay is observed, typical scenarios of high-scale baryogenesis will be excluded unless the baryon asymmetry is stabilized via some new mechanism. We also sketch how this conclusion can be extended beyond the first lepton generation by incorporating lepton flavor violating processes.

  15. Simulation studies for Tin Bolometer Array for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Singh; N. Dokania; S. Mathimalar; V. Nanal; R. G. Pillay

    2014-08-20

    It is important to identify and reduce the gamma radiation which can be a significant source of background for any double beta decay experiment. The TIN.TIN detector array, which is under development for the search of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in $^{124}$Sn, has the potential to utilize the hit multiplicity information to discriminate the gamma background from the events of interest. Monte Carlo simulations for optimizing the design of a Tin detector module has been performed by varying element sizes with an emphasis on the gamma background reduction capabilities of the detector array.

  16. Bilepton contributions to the neutrinoless double beta decay in the economical 3-3-1 model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soa, D. V. [Hanoi University of Education, Department of Physics (Viet Nam)], E-mail: dvsoa@assoc.iop.vast.ac.vn; Dong, P. V., E-mail: pvdong@iop.vast.ac.vn; Huong, T. T.; Long, H. N. [VAST, Institute of Physics (Viet Nam)

    2009-05-15

    A new bound of the mixing angle between charged gauge bosons (the standard-model W and the bilepton Y) in the economical 3-3-1 model is given. Possible contributions of the charged bileptons to the neutrinoless double beta (({beta}{beta}){sub 0{nu}}) decay are discussed. We show that the ({beta}{beta}){sub 0{nu}} decay in this model is due to both the Majorana {sub L} and Dirac {sub D} neutrino masses. If the mixing angle is in the range of the ratio of neutrino masses {sub L}/{sub D}, the Majorana and Dirac masses are comparable to each other and both may give the main contribution to the decay. As a result, constraints on the bilepton mass are given.

  17. Purification of lanthanides for double beta decay experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polischuk, O. G.; Barabash, A. S.; Belli, P.; Bernabei, R.; Boiko, R. S.; Danevich, F. A.; Mokina, V. M.; Poda, D. V.; Tretyak, V. I.; Cappella, F.; Incicchitti, A.; Cerulli, R.; Laubenstein, M.; Nisi, S.

    2013-08-08

    There are several potentially double beta active isotopes among the lanthanide elements. However, even high purity grade lanthanide compounds contain {sup 238}U, {sup 226}Ra and {sup 232,228}Th typically on the level of ? (0.1 - 1) Bq/kg. The liquid-liquid extraction technique was used to remove traces of U, Ra and Th from CeO{sub 2}, Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The radioactive contamination of the samples before and after the purification was tested by using ultra-low-background HPGe ? spectrometry at the underground Gran Sasso National Laboratories of the INFN (Italy). After the purification the radioactive contamination of gadolinium oxide by Ra and Th was decreased at least one order of magnitude. The efficiency of the approach to purify cerium oxide from Ra was on same level, while the radioactive contamination of neodymium sample before and after the purification is below the sensitivity of analytical methods. The purification method is much less efficient for chemically very similar radioactive elements like lanthanum, lutetium and actinium. R and D of the methods to remove the pollutions with improved efficiency is in progress.

  18. Constraints on light neutrino parameters derived from the study of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabin Stoica; Andrei Neacsu

    2014-05-02

    The study of the neutrinoless double beta ($0 \\beta\\beta$) decay mode can provide us with important information on the neutrino properties, particularly on the electron neutrino absolute mass. In this work we revise the present constraints on the neutrino mass parameters derived from the $0 \\beta\\beta$ decay analysis of the experimentally interesting nuclei. We use the latest results for the phase space factors (PSFs) and nuclear matrix elements (NMEs), as well as for the experimental lifetimes limits. For the PSFs we use values computed with an improved method reported very recently. For the NMEs we use values chosen from literature on a case-by-case basis, taking advantage of the consensus reached by the community on several nuclear ingredients used in their calculation. Thus, we try to restrict the range of spread of the NME values calculated with di?erent methods and, hence, to reduce the uncertainty in deriving limits for the Majorana neutrino mass parameter. Our results may be useful to have an up-date image on the present neutrino mass sensitivities associated with $0 \\beta\\beta$ measurements for different isotopes and to better estimate the range of values of the neutrino masses that can be explored in the future double beta decay (DBD) experiments.

  19. The NEXT experiment: A high pressure xenon gas TPC for neutrinoless double beta decay searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Lorca; J. Martín-Albo; F. Monrabal; for the NEXT Collaboration

    2012-10-15

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a hypothetical, very slow nuclear transition in which two neutrons undergo beta decay simultaneously and without the emission of neutrinos. The importance of this process goes beyond its intrinsic interest: an unambiguous observation would establish a Majorana nature for the neutrino and prove the violation of lepton number. NEXT is a new experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay using a radiopure high-pressure xenon gas TPC, filled with 100 kg of Xe enriched in Xe-136. NEXT will be the first large high-pressure gas TPC to use electroluminescence readout with SOFT (Separated, Optimized FuncTions) technology. The design consists in asymmetric TPC, with photomultipliers behind a transparent cathode and position-sensitive light pixels behind the anode. The experiment is approved to start data taking at the Laboratorio Subterr\\'aneo de Canfranc (LSC), Spain, in 2014.

  20. MOON for spectroscopic studies of double beta decays and the present status of the MOON-1 prototype detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    to be studied by neutrinoless double beta decay is of the order of 0.1 ~ 0.02 eV if the neutrino is a Majorana experiment with a few ton of 100 Mo. It aims at spectroscopic studies of the neutrinoless double beta decays

  1. arXiv:hep-ex/0211071v325Feb2003 A Calorimetric Search on Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and on the neutrinoless double beta decay of 128Te to the ground state of 128Xe are also reported and discussed limit of 2.1× 1023 years has been obtained at the 90 % C.L. on the lifetime for neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te . In terms of effective neutrino mass this leads to the most restrictive limit in direct

  2. Status of double beta decay experiments using isotopes other than Xe-136

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luciano Pandola

    2014-03-13

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a lepton-number violating process predicted by many extensions of the standard model. It is actively searched for in several candidate isotopes within many experimental projects. The status of the experimental initiatives which are looking for the neutrinoless double beta decay in isotopes other than Xe-136 is reviewed, with special emphasis given to the projects that passed the R&D phase. The results recently released by the experiment GERDA are also summarized and discussed. The GERDA data give no positive indication of neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge-76 and disfavor in a model-independent way the long-standing observation claim on the same isotope. The lower limit reported by GERDA for the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge-76 is T1/2 > 2.1e25 yr (90% C.L.), or T1/2 > 3.0e25 yr, when combined with the results of other Ge-76 predecessor experiments.

  3. Nuclear structure relevant to neutrinoless double beta decay candidate {sup 130}Te and other recent results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kay, B. P. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois 60439 (United States)

    2013-12-30

    We have undertaken a series of single-nucleon and pair transfer reaction measurements to help constrain calculations of the nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay. In this talk, a short overview of measurements relevant to the {sup 130}Te?{sup 130}Xe system is given. Brief mention is made of other recent and forthcoming results.

  4. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Type I+II Seesaw Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debasish Borah; Arnab Dasgupta

    2015-09-06

    We study neutrinoless double beta decay in left-right symmetric extension of the standard model with type I and type II seesaw origin of neutrino masses. Due to the enhanced gauge symmetry as well as extended scalar sector, there are several new physics sources of neutrinoless double beta decay in this model. Ignoring the left-right gauge boson mixing and heavy-light neutrino mixing, we first compute the contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay for type I and type II dominant seesaw separately and compare with the standard light neutrino contributions. We then repeat the exercise by considering the presence of both type I and type II seesaw, having non-negligible contributions to light neutrino masses and show the difference in results from individual seesaw cases. Assuming the new gauge bosons and scalars to be around a TeV, we constrain different parameters of the model including both heavy and light neutrino masses from the requirement of keeping the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude below the upper limit set by the GERDA experiment.

  5. The contribution of light Majorana neutrinos to neutrinoless double beta decay and cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dell'Oro, Stefano; Viel, Matteo; Vissani, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    Cosmology is making impressive progress and it is producing stringent bounds on the sum of the neutrino masses {\\Sigma}, a parameter of great importance for the current laboratory experiments. In this letter, we exploit the potential relevance of the analysis of Palanque-Delabrouille et al. [JCAP 1502, 045 (2015)] to the neutrinoless double beta decay (0\

  6. A ton-scale bolometric detector for the search for neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pedretti, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States)

    2009-12-16

    After an introduction on neutrinoless double beta decay physics, a description of CUORE and CUORICINO experiments, detectors and results are reported. The actual efforts and next steps of the CUORE Project, required to probe the inverted hierarchy region of the neutrino effective Majorana mass, are also described.

  7. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Type I+II Seesaw Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borah, Debasish

    2015-01-01

    We study neutrinoless double beta decay in left-right symmetric extension of the standard model with type I and type II seesaw origin of neutrino masses. Due to the enhanced gauge symmetry as well as extended scalar sector, there are several new physics sources of neutrinoless double beta decay in this model. Ignoring the left-right gauge boson mixing and heavy-light neutrino mixing, we first compute the contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay for type I and type II dominant seesaw separately and compare with the standard light neutrino contributions. We then repeat the exercise by considering the presence of both type I and type II seesaw, having non-negligible contributions to light neutrino masses and show the difference in results from individual seesaw cases. Assuming the new gauge bosons and scalars to be around a TeV, we constrain different parameters of the model including both heavy and light neutrino masses from the requirement of keeping the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude below th...

  8. Neutrinoless double beta decay constrained by the existence of large extra dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Gó?d?; W. A. Kami?ski

    2012-01-05

    We present the possible influence on the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay coming from the existence of $n$ extra spatial dimensions. The half-life in question depends on the mass of the electron neutrino. We base our analysis on the Majorana neutrino mass mechanism in Arkani-Hamed--Dimopoulos--Dvali model.

  9. Measurement of the background in the NEMO 3 double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NEMO Collaboration; J. Argyriades; R. Arnold; C. Augier; J. Baker; A. S. Barabash; M. Bongrand; G. Broudin-Bay; V. B. Brudanin; A. J. Caffrey; A. Chapon; E. Chauveau; Z. Daraktchieva; D. Durand; V. G. Egorov; N. Fatemi-Ghomi; R. Flack; A. Freshville; B. Guillon; Ph. Hubert; S. Jullian; M. Kauer; S. King; O. I. Kochetov; S. I. Konovalov; V. E. Kovalenko; D. Lalanne; K. Lang; Y. Lemi`ere; G. Lutter; F. Mamedov; Ch. Marquet; J. Martin-Albo; F. Mauger; A. Nachab; I. Nasteva; I. B. Nemchenok; F. Nova; P. Novella; H. Ohsumi; R. B. Pahlka; F. Perrot; F. Piquemal; J. L. Reyss; J. S. Ricol; R. Saakyan; X. Sarazin; L. Simard; Yu. A. Shitov; A. A. Smolnikov; S. Snow; S. S"oldner-Rembold; I. Stekl; C. S. Sutton; G. Szklarz; J. Thomas; V. V. Timkin; V. I. Tretyak; Vl. I. Tretyak; V. I. Umatov; L. V'ala; I. A. Vanyushin; V. A. Vasiliev; V. Vorobel; Ts. Vylov

    2009-03-12

    In the double beta decay experiment NEMO~3 a precise knowledge of the background in the signal region is of outstanding importance. This article presents the methods used in NEMO~3 to evaluate the backgrounds resulting from most if not all possible origins. It also illustrates the power of the combined tracking-calorimetry technique used in the experiment.

  10. Neutrinoless double beta decay: searching for new physics with comparison of different nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ali; A. V. Borisov; D. V. Zhuridov

    2011-12-17

    The neutrinoless double beta decay is analyzed using a general Lorentz invariant effective Lagrangian for various decaying nuclei of current experimental interest: $^{76}$Ge, $^{82}$Se, $^{100}$Mo, $^{130}$Te, and $^{136}$Xe. We work out the half-lives and angular correlation coefficients of the outgoing electrons in several scenarios for new physics: the left-right symmetric models, the R-parity-violating SUSY and models with leptoquarks. The theoretical uncertainty in the nuclear matrix elements is discussed.

  11. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of ??Ge

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xu, W.; Abgrall, N.; Avignone, F. T.; Barabash, A. S.; Bertrand, F. E.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, M.; Buuck, M.; Byram, D.; Caldwell, A. S.; et al

    2015-05-01

    Neutrinoless double-beta (0???) decay is a hypothesized process where in some even-even nuclei it might be possible for two neutrons to simultaneously decay into two protons and two electrons without emitting neutrinos. This is possible only if neutrinos are Majorana particles, i.e. fermions that are their own antiparticles. Neutrinos being Majorana particles would explicitly violate lepton number conservation, and might play a role in the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would also provide complementary information related to neutrino masses. The Majorana Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, with a total of 40-kg Germanium detectors,more »to search for the 0??? decay of ??Ge and to demonstrate a background rate at or below 3 counts/(ROI•t•y) in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) around the 2039 keV Q-value for ??Ge 0??? decay. In this paper, we discuss the physics of neutrinoless double beta decay and then focus on the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, including its design and approach to achieve ultra-low backgrounds and the status of the experiment.« less

  12. Constraining four neutrino mass patterns from neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandip Pakvasa; Probir Roy

    2002-04-19

    All existing data on neutrino oscillations (including those from the LSND experiment) imply a four neutrino scheme with six different allowed mass patterns. Some of the latter are shown to be disfavored by using a conservative upper bound on the $\\beta beta 0 \

  13. New physics effects on neutrinoless double beta decay from right-handed current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao-Feng Ge; Manfred Lindner; Sudhanwa Patra

    2015-08-28

    We study the impact of new physics contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay arising from right-handed current in comparison with the standard mechanism. If the light neutrinos obtain their masses from Type-II seesaw within left-right symmetric model, where the Type-I contribution is suppressed to negligible extent, the right-handed PMNS matrix is the same as its left-handed counterpart, making it highly predictable and can be tested at next-generation experiments. It is very attractive, especially with recent cosmological constraint favoring the normal hierarchy under which the neutrinoless double beta decay is too small to be observed unless new physics appears as indicated by the recent diboson excess observed at ATLAS. The relative contributions from left- and right-handed currents can be reconstructed with the ratio between lifetimes of two different isotopes as well as the ratio of nuclear matrix elements. In this way, the theoretical uncertainties in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements can be essentially avoided. We also discuss the interplay of neutrinoless double beta decay measurements with cosmology, beta decay, and neutrino oscillation.

  14. The Path to Large-Mass Double Beta Decay Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Steven R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-08

    The technology is ready for atmospheric scale sensitivity and we can at least discuss it for the solar scale. Even null results will be interesting. Supporting measurements are important and have an impact. Need several mesurements with a total uncertainty (experiment and theory) of {approx} 50% or less, and eventually even better. If we see {beta}{beta} the qualitative physics results are profound, but next we'll want to quantify the underlying physics.

  15. Pion dominance in R-parity violating supersymmetry induced neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faessler, Amand; Gutsche, Thomas; Simkovic, Fedor [Institute fuer Theoretische Physik der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Kovalenko, Sergey [Centro de Estudios Subatomicos (CES), Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Casilla 110-V, Valparaiso (Chile)

    2008-06-01

    At the quark level there are basically two types of contributions of R-parity violating supersymmetry (Re{sub p} SUSY) to neutrinoless double beta decay: the short-range contribution involving only heavy virtual superpartners and the long-range one with the virtual squark and neutrino. Hadronization of the effective operators, corresponding to these two types of contributions, may in general involve virtual pions in addition to close on-mass-shell nucleons. From the previous studies it is known that the short-range contribution is dominated by the pion exchange. In the present paper we show that this is also true for the long-range Re{sub p} SUSY contribution. Therefore, we conclude that the Re{sub p} SUSY contributes to the neutrinoless double beta decay dominantly via charged pion exchange between the decaying nucleons.

  16. Left-right models with light neutrino mass prediction and dominant neutrinoless double beta decay rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. K. Parida; Sudhanwa Patra

    2013-01-14

    In TeV scale left-right symmetric models, new dominant predictions to neutrinoless double beta decay and light neutrino masses are in mutual contradiction because of large contribution to the latter through popular seesaw mechanisms. We show that in a class of left-right models with high-scale parity restoration, these results coexist without any contravention with neutrino oscillation data and the relevant formula for light neutrino masses is obtained via gauged inverse seesaw mechanism. The most dominant contribution to the double beta decay is shown to be via $W^-_L- W^-_R$ mediation involving both light and heavy neutrino exchanges, and the model predictions are found to discriminate whether the Dirac neutrino mass is of quark-lepton symmetric origin or without it. We also discuss associated lepton flavor violating decays.

  17. Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay of $^{130}$Te with CUORE-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Alfonso; D. R. Artusa; F. T. Avignone III; O. Azzolini; M. Balata; T. I. Banks; G. Bari; J. W. Beeman; F. Bellini; A. Bersani; M. Biassoni; C. Brofferio; C. Bucci; A. Caminata; L. Canonica; X. G. Cao; S. Capelli; L. Cappelli; L. Carbone; L. Cardani; N. Casali; L. Cassina; D. Chiesa; N. Chott; M. Clemenza; S. Copello; C. Cosmelli; O. Cremonesi; R. J. Creswick; J. S. Cushman; I. Dafinei; A. Dally; S. Dell'Oro; M. M. Deninno; S. DiDomizio; M. L. DiVacri; A. Drobizhev; L. Ejzak; D. Q. Fang; M. Faverzani; G. Fernandes; E. Ferri; F. Ferroni; E. Fiorini; S. J. Freedman; B. K. Fujikawa; A. Giachero; L. Gironi; A. Giuliani; P. Gorla; C. Gotti; T. D. Gutierrez; E. E. Haller; K. Han; E. Hansen; K. M. Heeger; R. Hennings-Yeomans; K. P. Hickerson; H. Z. Huang; R. Kadel; G. Keppel; Yu. G. Kolomensky; K. E. Lim; X. Liu; Y. G. Ma; M. Maino; M. Martinez; R. H. Maruyama; Y. Mei; N. Moggi; S. Morganti; S. Nisi; C. Nones; E. B. Norman; A. Nucciotti; T. O'Donnell; F. Orio; D. Orlandi; J. L. Ouellet; C. E. Pagliarone; M. Pallavicini; V. Palmieri; L. Pattavina; M. Pavan; M. Pedretti; G. Pessina; V. Pettinacci; G. Piperno; S. Pirro; S. Pozzi; E. Previtali; C. Rosenfeld; C. Rusconi; E. Sala; S. Sangiorgio; D. Santone; N. D. Scielzo; M. Sisti; A. R. Smith; L. Taffarello; M. Tenconi; F. Terranova; C. Tomei; S. Trentalange; G. Ventura; M. Vignati; S. L. Wagaarachchi; B. S. Wang; H. W. Wang; L. Wielgus; J. Wilson; L. A. Winslow; T. Wise; L. Zanotti; C. Zarra; G. Q. Zhang; B. X. Zhu; S. Zucchelli

    2015-04-09

    We report the results of a search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in a 9.8~kg$\\cdot$yr exposure of $^{130}$Te using a bolometric detector array, CUORE-0. The characteristic detector energy resolution and background level in the region of interest are $5.1\\pm 0.3{\\rm~keV}$ FWHM and $0.058 \\pm 0.004\\,(\\mathrm{stat.})\\pm 0.002\\,(\\mathrm{syst.})$~counts/(keV$\\cdot$kg$\\cdot$yr), respectively. The median 90%~C.L. lower-limit sensitivity of the experiment is $2.9\\times 10^{24}~{\\rm yr}$ and surpasses the sensitivity of previous searches. We find no evidence for neutrinoless double-beta decay of $^{130}$Te and place a Bayesian lower bound on the decay half-life, $T^{0\

  18. Q-Value and Half-Lives for the Double-Beta-Decay Nuclide 110Pd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Fink; J. Barea; D. Beck; K. Blaum; Ch. Böhm; Ch. Borgmann; M. Breitenfeldt; F. Herfurth; A. Herlert; J. Kotila; M. Kowalska; S. Kreim; D. Lunney; S. Naimi; M. Rosenbusch; S. Schwarz; L. Schweikhard; F. Simkovic; J. Stanja; K. Zuber

    2011-12-25

    The 110Pd double-beta decay Q-value was measured with the Penning-trap mass spectrometer ISOLTRAP to be Q = 2017.85(64) keV. This value shifted by 14 keV compared to the literature value and is 17 times more precise, resulting in new phase-space factors for the two-neutrino and neutrinoless decay modes. In addition a new set of the relevant matrix elements has been calculated. The expected half-life of the two-neutrino mode was reevaluated as 1.5(6) E20 yr. With its high natural abundance, the new results reveal 110Pd to be an excellent candidate for double-beta decay studies.

  19. Mechanisms of neutrinoless double-beta decay: A comparative analysis of several nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, A. [DESY, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany); Borisov, A. V., E-mail: borisov@phys.msu.r [Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Zhuridov, D. V. [Scuola Normale Superiore (Italy)

    2010-12-15

    The neutrinoless double beta decay of several nuclei that are of interest from the experimental point of view ({sup 76}Ge, {sup 82}Se, {sup 100}Mo, {sup 130}Te, and {sup 136}Xe) is investigated on the basis of a general Lorentzinvariant effective Lagrangian describing physics effects beyond the Standard Model. The half-lives and angular-correlation coefficients for electrons are calculated for various decay mechanisms associated, in particular, with the exchange of Majorana neutrinos, supersymmetric particles (with R-parity violation), leptoquarks, and right-handed W{sub R} bosons. The effect of theoretical uncertainties in the values of relevant nuclear matrix elements on decay features is considered.

  20. Nuclear matrix elements of neutrinoless double beta decay with improved short-range correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Kortelainen; Jouni Suhonen

    2007-08-01

    Nuclear matrix elements of the neutrinoless double beta decays of 96Zr, 100Mo, 116Cd, 128Te, 130Te and 136Xe are calculated for the light-neutrino exchange mechanism by using the proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation (pnQRPA) with a realistic nucleon-nucleon force. The g_pp parameter of the pnQRPA is fixed by the data on the two-neutrino double beta decays and single beta decays. The finite size of a nucleon, the higher-order terms of nucleonic weak currents, and the nucleon-nucleon short-range correlations (s.r.c) are taken into account. The s.r.c. are computed by the traditional Jastrow method and by the more advanced unitary correlation operator method (UCOM). Comparison of the results obtained by the two methods is carried out. The UCOM computed matrix elements turn out to be considerably larger than the Jastrow computed ones. This result is important for the assessment of the neutrino-mass sensitivity of the present and future double beta experiments.

  1. A setup for Ba-ion extraction from high pressure Xe gas for double-beta decay studies with EXO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gratta, Giorgio

    . Efficient extraction and detection of Ba ions, the decay product of 136 Xe, would allow for a background of the decay product 136 Ba++ allows dif- ferentiation between bb decays and natural background and henceA setup for Ba-ion extraction from high pressure Xe gas for double-beta decay studies with EXO T

  2. The search for Majorana neutrinos with neutrinoless double beta decays: From CUORICINO to LUCIFER experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellini, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Roma I-00185 (Italy) and INFN - Sezione di Roma, Roma I-00185 (Italy)

    2012-11-20

    The study of neutrino properties is one of the fundamental challenges in particle physics nowadays. Fifty years of investigations established that neutrinos are massive but the absolute mass scale has not yet been measured. Moreover its true nature is still unknown. Is the neutrino its own antiparticle (thus violating the lepton number) as proposed by Majorana in 1937? The only way to probe the neutrino nature is through the observation of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}), a very rare spontaneous nuclear transition which emits two electrons and no neutrinos. In this paper, after a brief introduction to the theoretical framework of Majorana's neutrino, a presentation of experimental challenges posed by 0{nu}{beta}{beta} search will be given as well as an overview of present status and future perpectives of experiments.

  3. Short-range mechanisms of neutrinoless double beta decay at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Helo; M. Hirsch; H. Päs; S. G. Kovalenko

    2013-07-18

    Lepton number violation (LNV) mediated by short range operators can manifest itself in both neutrinoless double beta decay and in processes with same sign dilepton final states at the LHC. We derive limits from existing LHC data at $\\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV and compare the discovery potential of the forthcoming $\\sqrt{s}=14$ TeV phase of the LHC with the sensitivity of current and future neutrinoless double beta decay experiments, assuming the short-range part of the decay amplitude dominates. We focus on the first of two possible topologies triggered by one fermion and two bosons in the intermediate state. In all cases, except for the pure leptoquark mechanism, the LHC will be more sensitive than neutrinoless double beta decay in the future. In addition, we propose to search for a charge asymmetry in the final state leptons and to use different invariant mass peaks as a possibility to discriminate the various possible mechanisms for LNV signals at the LHC.

  4. Recent developments in the theory of double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iachello, F.; Kotila, J.; Barea, J.

    2013-12-30

    We report results of a novel calculation of phase space factors for 2??{sup +}?{sup +}, 2??{sup +}EC, 2?ECEC, 0??{sup +}?{sup +}, and 0??{sup +}EC using exact Dirac wave functions, and finite nuclear size and electron screening corrections. We present results of expected half-lives for 0??{sup +}?{sup +} and 0??{sup +}EC decays obtained by combining the calculation of phase space factors with IBM-2 nuclear matrix elements.

  5. Neutrinoless double-{beta} decay of {sup 150}Nd accounting for deformation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang Dongliang; Faessler, Amand; Rodin, Vadim; Simkovic, Fedor [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); BLTP, JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation) and Department of Nuclear Physics, Comenius University, SK-842 15 Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2010-11-15

    A microscopic state-of-the-art calculation of the nuclear matrix element for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay of {sup 150}Nd with an account for nuclear deformation is performed. The proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) with a realistic residual interaction [the Brueckner G matrix derived from the charge-dependent Bonn (Bonn-CD) nucleon-nucleon potential] is used as the underlying nuclear structure model. The present calculated matrix element is suppressed by about 40% as compared with our previous QRPA result for {sup 150}Nd obtained with neglect of deformation. By making use of this newest nuclear matrix element, one may conclude that neutrinoless double-{beta} decay of {sup 150}Nd, to be measured soon by the SNO+ collaboration, provides one of the best probes of the Majorana neutrino mass.

  6. Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with NEMO 3 and SuperNEMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Soldner-Rembold

    2007-10-22

    Since 2003 the NEMO~3 experiment has been searching for neutrinoless double beta decay using about 10 kg of enriched isotopes. A limit of T_(1/2)(0nu) > 5.8 10**23 years at 90 % CL has been obtained for 100-Mo from the first two years of data. Several measurements of two-neutrino double beta decays have also been performed. A first NEMO 3 measurement of the half-life of 130-Te is presented, giving a value of T_(1/2)(2nu) = (7.6 +- 1.5 (stat) +- 0.8 (syst)) 10**20 years. In parallel, there is an active R&D programme for the SuperNEMO experiment which is expected to commence data taking in 2012-2013 with 100-200 kg of enriched isotopes.

  7. Neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{150}$Nd with account for deformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong-Liang Fang; Amand Faessler; Vadim Rodin; Fedor Simkovic

    2010-11-02

    A microscopic state-of-the-art calculation of the nuclear matrix element for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{150}$Nd with an account for nuclear deformation is performed. The proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) with a realistic residual interaction [the Brueckner $G$ matrix derived from the charge-depending Bonn (Bonn-CD) nucleon-nucleon potential] is used as the underlying nuclear structure model. The present calculated matrix element is suppressed by about 40% as compared with our previous QRPA result for $^{150}$Nd obtained with neglect of deformation. By making use of this newest nuclear matrix element, one may conclude that neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{150}$Nd, to be measured soon by the SNO+ collaboration, provides one of the best probes of the Majorana neutrino mass.

  8. The nature of massive neutrinos and multiple mechanisms in neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aurora Meroni

    2015-10-19

    Determining the nature -Dirac or Majorana- of massive neutrinos is one of the most pressing and challenging problems in the field of neutrino physics. We discuss how one can possibly extract information on the couplings, if any, which might be involved in neutrinoless double beta-decay using a multi-isotope approach. We investigate as well the potential of combining data on the half-lives of nuclides which largely different Nuclear Matrix Elements such as $^{136}$Xe and of one or more of the four nuclei $^{76}$Ge, $^{82}$Se, $^{100}$Mo and $^{130}$Te, for discriminating between different pairs of non-interfering or interfering mechanisms of neutrinoless double beta-decay. The case studies do not extend to the evaluation of the theoretical uncertainties of the results, due to the nuclear matrix elements calculations and other causes.

  9. Investigation of double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo to excited states of $^{100}$Ru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Arnold; C. Augier; A. S. Barabash; . ..

    2014-02-28

    Double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo to the excited states of daughter nuclei has been studied using a 600 cm$^3$ low-background HPGe detector and an external source consisting of 2588 g of 97.5% enriched metallic $^{100}$Mo, which was formerly inside the NEMO-3 detector and used for the NEMO-3 measurements of $^{100}$Mo. The half-life for the two-neutrino double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo to the excited 0$^+_1$ state in $^{100}$Ru is measured to be $T_{1/2}=[7.5 \\pm{0.6}(stat) \\pm {0.6}(syst)]\\cdot 10^{20}$ yr. For other $(0\

  10. Disentangling the various Mechanisms of neutrinoless double beta decay to extract the neutrino mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vergados, J. D. [Physics Department, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GR 451 10, Greece and Theory Division, CERN 1211, Geneva 23 (Greece)

    2011-12-16

    It is well known that there exist many mechanisms that may contribute to neutrinoless double beta decay. By exploiting the fact that the associated nuclear matrix elements are target dependent we show that, given definite experimental results on a sufficient number of targets, one can determine or sufficiently constrain all lepton violating parameters including the mass term. As a specific example we show that, given the observation of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay in three different nuclei, e.g. {sup 76}Ge, {sup 100}Mo and {sup 130}Te, and assuming just three active lepton number violating parameters, e.g. light and heavy neutrino mass mechanisms in left handed currents as well as R-parity breaking SUSY mechanism, one may determine all lepton violating parameters, provided that they are relatively real.

  11. Vanishing effective mass of the neutrinoless double beta decay including light sterile neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. F. Li; Si-shuo Liu

    2011-11-28

    Light sterile neutrinos with masses at the sub-eV or eV scale are hinted by current experimental and cosmological data. Assuming the Majorana nature of these hypothetical particles, we discuss their effects in the neutrinoless double beta decay by exploring the implications of a vanishing effective Majorana neutrino mass. Allowed ranges of neutrino masses, mixing angles and Majorana CP-violating phases are illustrated in some instructive cases for both normal and inverted mass hierarchies of three active neutrinos.

  12. Left-Right Symmetry: From the LHC to Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tello, Vladimir [SISSA, Trieste (Italy); Nemevsek, Miha [ICTP, Trieste (Italy); Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Nesti, Fabrizio [Universita di Ferrara, Ferrara (Italy); Senjanovic, Goran [ICTP, Trieste (Italy); Vissani, Francesco [LNGS, INFN, Assergi (Italy)

    2011-04-15

    The Large Hadron Collider has the potential to probe the scale of left-right symmetry restoration and the associated lepton number violation. Moreover, it offers the hope of measuring the right-handed leptonic mixing matrix. We show how this, together with constraints from lepton flavor violating processes, can be used to make predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay. We illustrate this connection in the case of the type-II seesaw.

  13. Left-Right Symmetry: from LHC to Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Tello; Miha Nemevsek; Fabrizio Nesti; Goran Senjanovi?; Francesco Vissani

    2011-03-29

    The Large Hadron Collider has a potential to probe the scale of left-right symmetry restoration and the associated lepton number violation. Moreover, it offers hope of measuring the right-handed leptonic mixing matrix. We show how this, together with constraints from lepton flavor violating processes, can be used to make predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay. We illustrate this deep connection in the case of the type-II seesaw.

  14. Contributions of different neutron pairs in different approaches for neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberto Escuderos; Amand Faessler; Vadim Rodin; Fedor Simkovic

    2010-06-07

    The methods used till now to calculate the neutrinoless double beta decay matrix elements are: the Quasiparticle Random Phase Approximation (QRPA), the Shell Model (SM), the angular momentum projected Hartee-Fock-Bogoliubov approach (HFB) and the Interacting Boson Model (IBM). The different approaches are compared specifically concerning the the angular momenta and parities of the neutron pairs, which are changed into two protons by the $0\

  15. Cold Dark Matter, Radiative Neutrino Mass, mu to e gamma, and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jisuke Kubo; Ernest Ma; Daijiro Suematsu

    2006-08-24

    Two of the most important and pressing questions in cosmology and particle physics are: (1) What is the nature of cold dark matter? and (2) Will near-future experiments on neutrinoless double beta decay be able to ascertain that the neutrino is a Majorana particle, i.e. its own antiparticle? We show that these two seemingly unrelated issues are intimately connected if neutrinos acquire mass only because of their interactions with dark matter.

  16. On neutrinoless double beta decay in the minimal left-right symmetric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei-Chih Huang; J. Lopez-Pavon

    2014-04-14

    We analyze the general phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay in the minimal left-right symmetric model. We study under which conditions a New Physics dominated neutrinoless double beta decay signal can be expected in the future experiments. We show that the correlation among the different contributions to the process, which arises from the neutrino mass generation mechanism, can play a crucial role. We have found that, if no fine tuned cancellation is involved in the light active neutrino contribution, a New Physics signal can be expected mainly from the $W_R-W_R$ channel. An interesting exception is the $W_L-W_R$ channel which can give a dominant contribution to the process if the right-handed neutrino spectrum is hierarchical with $M_1\\lesssim$ MeV and $M_2,M_3\\gtrsim$ GeV. We also discuss if a New Physics signal in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments is compatible with the existence of a successful Dark Matter candidate in the left-right symmetric models. It turns out that, although it is not a generic feature of the theory, it is still possible to accommodate such a signal with a KeV sterile neutrino as Dark matter.

  17. Neutrinoless double-beta decay with three or four neutrino mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Giunti

    1999-08-27

    Considering the scheme with mixing of three neutrinos and a mass hierarchy that can accommodate the results of solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments, it is shown that the results of solar neutrino experiments imply a lower bound for the effective Majorana mass in neutrinoless double-beta decay, under the natural assumptions that massive neutrinos are Majorana particles and there are no unlikely fine-tuned cancellations among the contributions of the different neutrino masses. Considering the four-neutrino schemes that can accommodate also the results of the LSND experiment, it is shown that only one of them is compatible with the results of neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments and with the measurement of the abundances of primordial elements produced in Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis. It is shown that in this scheme, under the assumptions that massive neutrinos are Majorana particles and there are no cancellations among the contributions of the different neutrino masses, the results of the LSND experiment imply a lower bound for the effective Majorana mass in neutrinoless double-beta decay.

  18. Inverse neutrinoless double beta decay revisited: Neutrinos, Higgs triplets, and a muon collider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodejohann, Werner [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany)

    2010-06-01

    We revisit the process of inverse neutrinoless double beta decay (e{sup -}e{sup -{yields}}W{sup -}W{sup -}) at future linear colliders. The cases of Majorana neutrino and Higgs triplet exchange are considered. We also discuss the processes e{sup -{mu}-{yields}}W{sup -}W{sup -} and {mu}{sup -{mu}-{yields}}W{sup -}W{sup -}, which are motivated by the possibility of muon colliders. For heavy neutrino exchange, we show that masses up to 10{sup 6} (10{sup 5}) GeV could be probed for ee and e{mu} machines, respectively. The stringent limits for mixing of heavy neutrinos with muons render {mu}{sup -{mu}-{yields}}W{sup -}W{sup -} less promising, even though this process is not constrained by limits from neutrinoless double beta decay. If Higgs triplets are responsible for inverse neutrinoless double beta decay, observable signals are only possible if a very narrow resonance is met. We also consider unitarity aspects of the process in case both Higgs triplets and neutrinos are exchanged. An exact seesaw relation connecting low energy data with heavy neutrino and triplet parameters is found.

  19. Effect of quark sector minimal flavor violation on neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dudley, Brian; Kolda, Christopher [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

    2009-01-01

    The question of whether neutrino masses are Dirac or Majorana is one of the most important, and most difficult, questions remaining in the neutrino sector. Searches for neutrinoless double {beta} decay may help to resolve this question, but are also sensitive to new, higher-dimension {delta}L=2 operators. In this paper we place two phenomenological constraints on these operators at dimension d{<=}11. First, we require that the operators obey the quark flavor symmetries of the standard model, with any violation of the symmetries being due to Yukawa interactions, a scheme known as minimal flavor violation. Second, we require that the operators which generate neutrinoless double {beta} decay, and any operators related by the flavor symmetries, do not induce neutrino masses above the experimental and astrophysical limits. We find that these requirements severely constrain the operators which can violate lepton number, such that most can no longer contribute to neutrinoless double {beta} decay at observable rates. It is noteworthy that quark flavor symmetries can play such a strong role in constraining new leptonic physics, even when that physics is not quark flavor changing. Those few operators that can mimic a Majorana neutrino mass then appear with cutoffs below a TeV, and represent new physics which could be directly probed at the LHC or a future linear collider.

  20. The Effect of Quark Sector Minimal Flavor Violation on Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian Dudley; Christopher Kolda

    2008-10-16

    The question of whether neutrino masses are Dirac or Majorana is one of the most important, and most difficult, questions remaining in the neutrino sector. Searches for neutrinoless double beta-decay may help to resolve this question, but are also sensitive to new, higher dimension Delta L=2 operators. In this paper we place two phenomenological constraints on these operators at dimension d<=11. First, we require that the operators obey the quark flavor symmetries of the Standard Model, with any violation of the symmetries being due to Yukawa interactions, a scheme known as Minimal Flavor Violation (MFV). Second, we require that the operators which generate neutrinoless double beta-decay, and any operators related by the flavor symmetries, do not induce neutrino masses above 0.05 eV, the limit implied by the atmospheric neutrino data. We find that these requirements severely constrain the operators which can violate lepton number, such that most can no longer contribute to neutrinoless double beta-decay at observable rates. It is noteworthy that quark flavor symmetries can play such a strong role in constraining new leptonic physics, even when that physics is not quark flavor changing. Those few operators that can mimic a Majorana neutrino mass then appear with cutoffs below a TeV, and represent new physics which could be directly probed at the LHC or a future linear collider.

  1. Combining and comparing neutrinoless double beta decay experiments using different nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johannes Bergstrom

    2013-04-04

    We perform a global fit of the most relevant neutrinoless double beta decay experiments within the standard model with massive Majorana neutrinos. Using Bayesian inference makes it possible to take into account the theoretical uncertainties on the nuclear matrix elements in a fully consistent way. First, we analyze the data used to claim the observation of neutrinoless double beta decay in Ge-76, and find strong evidence (according to Jeffrey's scale) for a peak in the spectrum and moderate evidence for that the peak is actually close to the energy expected for the neutrinoless decay. We also find a significantly larger statistical error than the original analysis, which we include in the comparison with other data. Then, we statistically test the consistency between this claim with that of recent measurements using Xe-136. We find that the two data sets are about 40 to 80 times more probable under the assumption that they are inconsistent, depending on the nuclear matrix element uncertainties and the prior on the smallest neutrino mass. Hence, there is moderate to strong evidence of incompatibility, and for equal prior probabilities the posterior probability of compatibility is between 1.3% and 2.5%. If one, despite such evidence for incompatibility, combines the two data sets, we find that the total evidence of neutrinoless double beta decay is negligible. If one ignores the claim, there is weak evidence against the existence of the decay. We also perform approximate frequentist tests of compatibility for fixed ratios of the nuclear matrix elements, as well as of the no signal hypothesis. Generalization to other sets of experiments as well as other mechanisms mediating the decay is possible.

  2. Background Suppression Using Pulse Shape Analysis with a BEGe Detector for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Search with GERDA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Budjas, Dusan; Schoenert, Stefan [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Chkvorets, Oleg [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Physics, Laurentian University, Ramsey Lake Road, P3E 2C6 Sudbury, Ontario (Canada)

    2009-12-17

    A pulse shape analysis for distinguishing between double beta decay-like interactions and multiple-scattered photons was performed for the first time using a BEGe-type detector. This discrimination method is included in the research and development for the second phase of the GERDA experiment, since active background suppression techniques are necessary to reach sensitivity for the {sup 76}Ge neutrinoless double beta decay half life of >10{sup 26} years. A suppression of backgrounds in the energy region of interest around the {sup 76}Ge Q{sub {beta}}{sub {beta}} = 2039 keV is demonstrated, with (0.93{+-}0.08)% survival probability for events from {sup 60}Co, (21{+-}3)% for {sup 226}Ra, and (40{+-}2)% for {sup 228}Th. This performance is achieved with (89{+-}1)% acceptance of {sup 228}Th double escape events, which are analogous to double beta decay.

  3. Neutrinoless double-{beta} decay in the microscopic interacting boson model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barea, J.; Iachello, F. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Sloane Physics Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8120 (United States)

    2009-04-15

    We present a formalism for calculating nuclear matrix elements of double-{beta} decay within the framework of the microscopic interacting boson model. We calculate Fermi, Gamow-Teller, and tensor matrix elements in the decay of Ge-Se-Mo-Te-Xe-Nd-Sm and compare our results with those of the shell-model (SM) and of the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA). Our results are in agreement with QRPA. We discuss simple features of the matrix elements and give a formula that allows one to estimate matrix elements in terms of the number of valence proton and neutron pairs.

  4. Shape and pairing fluctuations effects on neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuria López Vaquero; Tomás R. Rodríguez; J. Luis Egido

    2014-01-03

    Nuclear matrix elements (NME) for the most promising candidates to detect neutrinoless double beta decay have been computed with energy density functional methods including deformation and pairing fluctuations explicitly on the same footing. The method preserves particle number and angular momentum symmetries and can be applied to any decay without additional fine tunings. The finite range density dependent Gogny force is used in the calculations. An increase of $10\\%-40\\%$ in the NME with respect to the ones found without the inclusion of pairing fluctuations is obtained, reducing the predicted half-lives of these isotopes.

  5. Improved limit on {theta}{sub 13} and implications for neutrino masses in neutrinoless double beta decay and cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindner, Manfred; Merle, Alexander; Rodejohann, Werner [Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2006-03-01

    We analyze the impact of a measurement, or of an improved bound, on {theta}{sub 13} for the determination of the effective neutrino mass in neutrinoless double beta decay and cosmology. In particular, we discuss how an improved limit on (or a specific value of) {theta}{sub 13} can influence the determination of the neutrino mass spectrum via neutrinoless double beta decay. We also discuss the interplay with improved cosmological neutrino mass searches.

  6. Disassembling the Nuclear Matrix Elements of the Neutrinoless double beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Menéndez; A. Poves; E. Caurier; F. Nowacki

    2008-12-19

    In this article we analyze the nuclear matrix elements (NME) of the neutrinoless double beta decays of the nuclei 48-Ca, 76-Ge, 82-Se, 124-Sn, 130-Te and 136-Xe in the framework of the Interacting Shell Model (ISM). We study the relative value of the different contributions to them, such as higher order terms in the nuclear current, finite nuclear size effects and short range correlations, as well as their evolution with the maximum seniority permitted in the wave functions. We discuss also the build-up of the NME's as a function of the distance between the decaying neutrons. We calculate the decays to final 0+ first excited states and find that these decays are at least 25 times more supressed with respect to the ground state to ground state transition.

  7. Theoretical uncertainties in the nuclear matrix elements of neutrinoless double beta decay: The transition operator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menéndez, Javier

    2013-12-30

    We explore the theoretical uncertainties related to the transition operator of neutrinoless double-beta (0???) decay. The transition operator used in standard calculations is a product of one-body currents, that can be obtained phenomenologically as in Tomoda [1] or Šimkovic et al. [2]. However, corrections to the operator are hard to obtain in the phenomenological approach. Instead, we calculate the 0??? decay operator in the framework of chiral effective theory (EFT), which gives a systematic order-by-order expansion of the transition currents. At leading orders in chiral EFT we reproduce the standard one-body currents of Refs. [1] and [2]. Corrections appear as two-body (2b) currents predicted by chiral EFT. We compute the effects of the leading 2b currents to the nuclear matrix elements of 0??? decay for several transition candidates. The 2b current contributions are related to the quenching of Gamow-Teller transitions found in nuclear structure calculations.

  8. Pair correlations in neutrinoless double {beta} decay candidate {sup 130}Te.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloxham, T.; Kay, B. P.; Schiffer, J. P.; Clark, J. A.; Deibel, C. M.; Freeman, S. J.; Freedman, S. J.; Howard, A. M.; McAllister, S. A.; Parker, P. D.; Sharp, D. K.; Thomas, J. S. (Physics); ( PSC-USR); (LBNL); (Michigan State Univ.); (Univ. of Manchester); (Yale Univ.)

    2010-08-16

    Pair correlations in the ground state of {sup 130}Te have been investigated using pair-transfer experiments to explore the validity of approximations in calculating the matrix element for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay. This nucleus is a candidate for the observation of such decay, and a good understanding of its structure is crucial for eventual calculations of the neutrino mass, should such a decay indeed be observed. For proton-pair adding, strong transitions to excited 0{sup +} states had been observed in the Te isotopes by Alford et al. [Nucl. Phys. A 323, 339 (1979)], indicating a breaking of the BCS approximation for protons in the ground state. We measured the neutron-pair removing (p,t) reaction on {sup 130}Te and found no indication of a corresponding splitting of the BCS nature of the ground state for neutrons.

  9. Nuclear Structure Relevant to Neutrinoless Double {beta} Decay: {sup 76}Ge and {sup 76}Se

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schiffer, J. P.; Gros, S.; Jiang, C. L.; Rehm, K. E. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Freeman, S. J.; Fitzpatrick, C. R.; Kay, B. P. [University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Clark, J. A.; Deibel, C.; Heinz, A.; Parikh, A.; Parker, P. D.; Werner, V.; Wrede, C. [Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Hirata, D. [GANIL (IN2P3/CNRS -DSM/CEA), B.P. 55027 14076 Caen Cedex 5 (France); Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA (United Kingdom); Villari, A. C. C. [GANIL (IN2P3/CNRS -DSM/CEA), B.P. 55027 14076 Caen Cedex 5 (France)

    2008-03-21

    The possibility of observing neutrinoless double {beta} decay offers the opportunity of determining the effective neutrino mass if the nuclear matrix element were known. Theoretical calculations are uncertain, and measurements of the occupations of valence orbits by nucleons active in the decay can be important. The occupation of valence neutron orbits in the ground states of {sup 76}Ge (a candidate for such decay) and {sup 76}Se (the daughter nucleus) were determined by precisely measuring cross sections for both neutron-adding and removing transfer reactions. Our results indicate that the Fermi surface is much more diffuse than in theoretical calculations. We find that the populations of at least three orbits change significantly between these two ground states while in the calculations, the changes are confined primarily to one orbit.

  10. Pair correlations in the neutrinoless double-{beta} decay candidate {sup 130}Te

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloxham, T.; Freedman, S. J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Kay, B. P.; Schiffer, J. P.; Clark, J. A. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Deibel, C. M. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48825 (United States); Freeman, S. J.; Howard, A. M.; McAllister, S. A.; Sharp, D. K.; Thomas, J. S. [Schuster Laboratory, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Parker, P. D. [A. W. Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)

    2010-08-15

    Pair correlations in the ground state of {sup 130}Te have been investigated using pair-transfer experiments to explore the validity of approximations in calculating the matrix element for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay. This nucleus is a candidate for the observation of such decay, and a good understanding of its structure is crucial for eventual calculations of the neutrino mass, should such a decay indeed be observed. For proton-pair adding, strong transitions to excited 0{sup +} states had been observed in the Te isotopes by Alford et al. [Nucl. Phys. A 323, 339 (1979)], indicating a breaking of the BCS approximation for protons in the ground state. We measured the neutron-pair removing (p,t) reaction on {sup 130}Te and found no indication of a corresponding splitting of the BCS nature of the ground state for neutrons.

  11. The Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Physics beyond the Standard Model and the Neutrino Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amand Faessler

    2012-03-16

    The Neutrinoless double beta Decay allows to determine the effectice Majorana electron neutrino mass. For this the following conditions have to be satisfied: (i) The neutrino must be a Majorana particle, i. e. identical to the antiparticle. (ii) The half life has to be measured. (iii)The transition matrix element must be reliably calculated. (iv) The leading mechanism must be the light Majorana neutrino exchange. The present contribution studies the accuracy with which one can calculate by different methods: (1) Quasi-Particle Random Phase Approach (QRPA), (2) the Shell Model (SM), (3) the (before the variation) angular momentum projected Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov method (PHFB)and the (4) Interacting Boson Approach (IBA). In the second part we investigate how to determine experimentally the leading mechanism for the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay. Is it (a) the light Majorana neutrino exchange as one assumes to determine the effective Majorana neutrino mass, ist it the heavy left (b) or right handed (c) Majorana neutrino exchange allowed by left-right symmetric Grand Unified Theories (GUT's). Is it a mechanism due to Supersymmetry e.g. with gluino exchange and R-parity and lepton number violating terms. At the end we assume, that Klapdor et al. have indeed measured the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay(, although contested,)and that the light Majorana neutrino exchange is the leading mechanism. With our matrix elements we obtain then an effective Majorana neutrino mass of: = 0.24 [eV], exp (pm) 0.02; theor. (pm) 0.01 [eV

  12. Development of CaMoO4 crystal scintillators for double beta decay experiment with 100-Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. N. Annenkov; O. A. Buzanov; F. A. Danevich; A. Sh. Georgadze; S. K. Kim; H. J. Kim; Y. D. Kim; V. V. Kobychev; V. N. Kornoukhov; M. Korzhik; J. I. Lee; O. Missevitch; V. M. Mokina; S. S. Nagorny; A. S. Nikolaiko; D. V. Poda; R. B. Podviyanuk; D. J. Sedlak; O. G. Shkulkova; J. H. So; I. M. Solsky; V. I. Tretyak; S. S. Yurchenko

    2007-07-10

    Energy resolution, alpha/beta ratio, pulse-shape discrimination for gamma rays and alpha particles, temperature dependence of scintillation properties, and radioactive contamination were studied with CaMoO4 crystal scintillators. A high sensitivity experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 100-Mo by using CaMoO4 scintillators is discussed.

  13. Corrections to the neutrinoless double-{beta}-decay operator in the shell model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, Jonathan; Hagen, Gaute [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516-3255 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P. O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

    2009-06-15

    We use diagrammatic perturbation theory to construct an effective shell-model operator for the neutrinoless double-{beta} decay of {sup 82}Se. The starting point is the same Bonn-C nucleon-nucleon interaction that is used to generate the Hamiltonian for recent shell-model calculations of double-{beta} decay. After first summing high-energy ladder diagrams that account for short-range correlations and then adding diagrams of low order in the G matrix to account for longer-range correlations, we fold the two-body matrix elements of the resulting effective operator with transition densities from the recent shell-model calculation to obtain the overall nuclear matrix element that governs the decay. Although the high-energy ladder diagrams suppress this matrix element at very short distances as expected, they enhance it at distances between one and two fermis, so that their overall effect is small. The corrections due to longer-range physics are large, but cancel one another so that the fully corrected matrix element is comparable to that produced by the bare operator. This cancellation between large and physically distinct low-order terms indicates the importance of a reliable nonperturbative calculation.

  14. Solar neutrino-electron scattering as background limitation for double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. F. de Barros; K. Zuber

    2011-09-16

    The background on double beta decay searches due to elastic electron scattering of solar neutrinos of all double beta emitters with Q-value larger than 2 MeV is calculated, taking into account survival probability and flux uncertainties of solar neutrinos. This work determines the background level to be [1-2]E-7 counts /keV/kg/yr, depending on the precise Q-value of the double beta emitter. It is also shown that the background level increases dramatically if going to lower Q-values. Furthermore, studies are done for various detector systems under consideration for next generation experiments. It was found that experiments based on loaded liquid scintillator have to expect a higher background. Within the given nuclear matrix element uncertainties any approach exploring the normal hierarchy has to face this irreducible background, which is a limitation on the minimal achievable background for purely calorimetric approaches. Large scale liquid scintillator experiments might encounter this problem already while exploring the inverted hierarchy. Potential caveats by using more sophisticated experimental setups are also discussed.

  15. Search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of Ge-76 with GERDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl-Tasso Knoepfle

    2008-10-17

    GERDA, the GERmanium Detector Array experiment, is a new double beta-decay experiment which is currently under construction in the INFN National Gran Sasso Laboratory (LNGS), Italy. It is implementing a new shielding concept by operating bare Ge diodes - enriched in Ge-76 - in high purity liquid argon supplemented by a water shield. The aim of GERDA is to verify or refute the recent claim of discovery, and, in a second phase, to achieve a two orders of magnitude lower background index than recent experiments. The paper discusses motivation, physics reach, design and status of construction of GERDA, and presents some R&D results.

  16. Double Beta Decay Constraints on Neutrino Masses and Mixing; Reanalysis with KamLAND Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hisakazu Minakata; Hiroaki Sugiyama

    2003-03-04

    In the light of KamLAND data just released, we reanalyze and update the constraints on neutrino masses and mixing parameters, the most general ones that can be derived in three-flavor mixing scheme of neutrinos with use of the bounds imposed by neutrinoless double beta decay search and reactor experiments. We point out that with KamLAND data and assuming Majorana neutrinos one can derive, for the first time, an upper bound on neutrino contribution to the cosmological \\Omega parameter, \\Omega_{\

  17. Average and recommended half-life values for two neutrino double beta decay: upgrade'05

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2006-02-17

    All existing ``positive'' results on two neutrino double beta decay in different nuclei were analyzed. Using the procedure recommended by the Particle Data Group, weighted average values for half-lives of $^{48}$Ca, $^{76}$Ge, $^{82}$Se, $^{96}$Zr, $^{100}$Mo, $^{100}$Mo - $^{100}$Ru ($0^+_1$), $^{116}$Cd, $^{150}$Nd, $^{150}$Nd - $^{150}$Sm ($0^+_1$) and $^{238}$U were obtained. Existing geochemical data were analyzed and recommended values for half-lives of $^{128}$Te, $^{130}$Te and $^{130}$Ba are proposed. We recommend the use of these results as presently the most precise and reliable values for half-lives.

  18. Average and recommended half-life values for two neutrino double beta decay: upgrade-09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2009-08-28

    All existing ``positive'' results on two neutrino double beta decay in different nuclei were analyzed. Using the procedure recommended by the Particle Data Group, weighted average values for half-lives of $^{48}$Ca, $^{76}$Ge, $^{82}$Se, $^{96}$Zr, $^{100}$Mo, $^{100}$Mo - $^{100}$Ru ($0^+_1$), $^{116}$Cd, $^{130}$Te, $^{150}$Nd, $^{150}$Nd - $^{150}$Sm ($0^+_1$) and $^{238}$U were obtained. Existing geochemical data were analyzed and recommended values for half-lives of $^{128}$Te, $^{130}$Te and $^{130}$Ba are proposed. We recommend the use of these results as presently the most precise and reliable values for half-lives.

  19. Average (RECOMMENDED) Half-Life Values for Two Neutrino Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2002-03-01

    All existing "positive" results on two neutrino double beta decay in different nuclei were analyzed. Using procedure recommended by Particle Data Group weighted average values for half-lives of $^{48}$Ca, $^{76}$Ge, $^{82}$Se, $^{96}$Zr, $^{100}$Mo, $^{100}$Mo - $^{100}$Ru ($0^+_1$), $^{116}$Cd, $^{150}$Nd and $^{238}$U were obtained. Existing geochemical data were analyzed and recommended values for half-lives of $^{128}$Te and $^{130}$Te are proposed. We recommend to use these results as most precise and reliable values for half-lives at this moment.

  20. Neutrinoless double-beta decay search with CUORE and CUORE-0 experiments

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Moggi, N.; Artusa, D. R.; Avignone, F. T.; Azzolini, O.; Balata, M.; Banks, T. I.; Bari, G.; Beeman, J.; Bellini, F.; Bersani, A.; et al

    2015-03-24

    The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is an upcoming experiment designed to search for the neutrinoless double-beta decays. Observation of the process would unambiguously establish that neutrinos are Majorana particles and provide information on their absolute mass scale hierarchy. CUORE is now under construction and will consist of an array of 988 TeO2 crystal bolometers operated at 10 mK, but the first tower (CUORE-0) is already taking data. The experimental techniques used will be presented as well as the preliminary CUORE-0 results. The current status of the full-mass experiment and its expected sensitivity will then be discussed.

  1. Neutrinoless double-beta decay search with CUORE and CUORE-0 experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moggi, N.; Artusa, D. R.; Avignone, F. T.; Azzolini, O.; Balata, M.; Banks, T. I.; Bari, G.; Beeman, J.; Bellini, F.; Bersani, A.; Biassoni, M.; Brofferio, C.; Bucci, C.; Cai, X. Z.; Camacho, A.; Caminata, A.; Canonica, L.; Cao, X. G.; Capelli, S.; Cappelli, L.; Carbone, L.; Cardani, L.; Casali, N.; Cassina, L.; Chiesa, D.; Chott, N.; Clemenza, M.; Copello, S.; Cosmelli, C.; Cremonesi, O.; Creswick, R. J.; Cushman, J. S.; Dafinei, I.; Dally, A.; Datskov, V.; Dell’oro, S.; Deninno, M. M.; Di Domizio, S.; Di Vacri, M. L.; Drobizhev, A.; Ejzak, L.; Fang, D. Q.; Farach, H. A.; Faverzani, M.; Fernandes, G.; Ferri, E.; Ferroni, F.; Fiorini, E.; Franceschi, M. A.; Freedman, S. J.; Fujikawa, B. K.; Giachero, A.; Gironi, L.; Giuliani, A.; Gorla, P.; Gotti, C.; Gutierrez, T. D.; Haller, E. E.; Han, K.; Heeger, K. M.; Hennings-Yeomans, R.; Hickerson, K. P.; Huang, H. Z.; Kadel, R.; Keppel, G.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Li, Y. L.; Ligi, C.; Lim, K. E.; Liu, X.; Ma, Y. G.; Maiano, C.; Maino, M.; Martinez, M.; Maruyama, R. H.; Mei, Y.; Morganti, S.; Napolitano, T.; Nisi, S.; Nones, C.; Norman, E. B.; Nucciotti, A.; O’Donnell, T.; Orio, F.; Orlandi, D.; Ouellet, J. L.; Pagliarone, C. E.; Pallavicini, M.; Palmieri, V.; Pattavina, L.; Pavan, M.; Pessina, G.; Pettinacci, V.; Piperno, G.; Pira, C.; Pirro, S.; Pozzi, S.; Previtali, E.; Rosenfeld, C.; Rusconi, C.; Sala, E.; Sangiorgio, S.; Santone, D.; Scielzo, N. D.; Sisti, M.; Smith, A. R.; Taffarello, L.; Tenconi, M.; Terranova, F.; Tian, W. D.; Tomei, C.; Trentalange, S.; Ventura, G.; Vignati, M.; Wang, B. S.; Wang, H. W.; Wielgus, L.; Wilson, J.; Winslow, L. A.; Wise, T.; Woodcraft, A.; Zanotti, L.; Zarra, C.; Zhang, G. Q.; Zhu, B. X.; Zucchelli, S.; Fabbri, F.; Giacomelli, P.

    2015-03-24

    The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is an upcoming experiment designed to search for the neutrinoless double-beta decays. Observation of the process would unambiguously establish that neutrinos are Majorana particles and provide information on their absolute mass scale hierarchy. CUORE is now under construction and will consist of an array of 988 TeO2 crystal bolometers operated at 10 mK, but the first tower (CUORE-0) is already taking data. The experimental techniques used will be presented as well as the preliminary CUORE-0 results. The current status of the full-mass experiment and its expected sensitivity will then be discussed.

  2. Majorana phases, CP violation, sterile neutrinos and neutrinoless double-beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babi?, Andrej; Šimkovic, Fedor

    2013-12-30

    CP violation plays a crucial role in the generation of the baryon asymmetry in the Universe. Within this context we investigate the possibility of CP violation in the lepton sector caused by Majorana neutrino mixing. Focus is put on the model including 1 sterile neutrino. Both cases of normal and inverted neutrino mass spectrum are considered. We address the question whether the Majorana phases can be measured in the neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments with sensitivity to the effective Majorana neutrino mass of the order of 10{sup ?2} eV.

  3. Minimally allowed neutrinoless double beta decay rates from approximate flavor symmetries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, James [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States) and Northwestern University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Neutrinoless double beta decay ({beta}{beta}0{nu}) is among the only realistic probes of Majorana neutrinos. In the standard scenario, dominated by light neutrino exchange, the process amplitude is proportional to m{sub ee}, the e-e element of the Majorana mass matrix. Naively, current data allow for vanishing m{sub ee}, but this should be protected by an appropriate flavor symmetry. All such symmetries lead to mass matrices inconsistent with oscillation phenomenology. I perform a spurion analysis to break all possible Abelian symmetries that guarantee vanishing {beta}{beta}0{nu} rates and search for minimally allowed values. I survey 230 broken structures to yield m{sub ee} values and current phenomenological constraints under a variety of scenarios. This analysis also extracts predictions for both neutrino oscillation parameters and kinematic quantities. Assuming reasonable tuning levels, I find that m{sub ee}>4x10{sup -6} eV at 99% confidence. Bounds below this value might indicate the Dirac neutrino nature or the existence of new light (eV-MeV scale) degrees of freedom that can potentially be probed elsewhere.

  4. Minimally allowed neutrinoless double beta decay rates within an anarchical framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, James [Northwestern University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Neutrinoless double beta decay ({beta}{beta}0{nu}) is the only realistic probe of the Majorana nature of the neutrino. In the standard picture, its rate is proportional to m{sub ee}, the e-e element of the Majorana neutrino mass matrix in the flavor basis. I explore minimally allowed m{sub ee} values within the framework of mass matrix anarchy where neutrino parameters are defined statistically at low energies. Distributions of mixing angles are well defined by the Haar integration measure, but masses are dependent on arbitrary weighting functions and boundary conditions. I survey the integration measure parameter space and find that for sufficiently convergent weightings, m{sub ee} is constrained between (0.01-0.4) eV at 90% confidence. Constraints from neutrino mixing data lower these bounds. Singular integration measures allow for arbitrarily small m{sub ee} values with the remaining elements ill-defined, but this condition constrains the flavor structure of the model's ultraviolet completion. {beta}{beta}0{nu} bounds below m{sub ee}{approx}5x10{sup -3} eV should indicate symmetry in the lepton sector, new light degrees of freedom, or the Dirac nature of the neutrino.

  5. Testing the Bimodal/Schizophrenic Neutrino Hypothesis in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Neutrino Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Barry; Rabindra N. Mohapatra; Werner Rodejohann

    2011-06-27

    The standard assumption is that all three neutrino mass states are either Dirac or Majorana. However, it was recently suggested by Allaverdi, Dutta and one of the authors (R.N.M.) that mixed, or bimodal, flavor neutrino scenarios are conceivable and are consistent with all known observations (these were called "schizophrenic" in the ADM paper). In that case each individual mass eigenstate can be either Dirac or Majorana, so that the flavor eigenstates are "large" admixtures of both. An example of this "bimodal" situation is to consider one mass state as a Dirac particle (with a sterile partner), while the other two are of Majorana type. Since only Majorana particles contribute to neutrinoless double beta decay, the usual dependence of this observable on the neutrino mass is modified within this scenario. We study this in detail and, in particular, generalize the idea for all possible bimodal combinations. Inevitably, radiative corrections will induce a pseudo-Dirac nature to the Dirac states at the one-loop level, and the effects of the pseudo-Dirac mass splitting will show up in the flavor ratios of neutrinos from distant cosmological sources. Comparison of the effective mass in neutrinoless double beta decay as well as flavor ratios at neutrino telescopes, for different pseudo-Dirac cases and with their usual phenomenology, can distinguish the different bimodal possibilities.

  6. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, the Inverted Hierarchy and Precision Determination of theta(12)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Dueck; Werner Rodejohann; Kai Zuber

    2011-04-17

    Ruling out the inverted neutrino hierarchy with neutrinoless double beta decay experiments is possible if a limit on the effective mass below the minimal theoretically possible value is reached. We stress that this lower limit depends strongly on the value of the solar neutrino mixing angle: it introduces an uncertainty of a factor of 2 within its current 3 sigma range. If an experiment is not background-free, a factor of two in effective mass corresponds to a combined factor of 16 improvement for the experimental parameters running time, detector mass, background level and energy resolution. Therefore, a more precise determination of theta(12) is crucial for the interpretation of experimental results and the evaluation of the potential and requirements for future experiments. We give the required half-lifes to exclude (and touch) the inverted hierarchy regime for all double beta decay isotopes with a Q-value above 2 MeV. The nuclear matrix elements from 6 different groups and, if available, their errors are used and compared. We carefully put the calculations on equal footing in what regards various convention issues. We also use our compilation of matrix elements to give the reachable values of the effective mass for a given half-life value.

  7. The Power of Neutrino Mass Sum Rules for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen F. King; Alexander Merle; Alexander J. Stuart

    2013-07-31

    Neutrino mass sum rules relate the three neutrino masses within generic classes of flavour models, leading to restrictions on the effective mass parameter measured in experiments on neutrinoless double beta decay as a function of the lightest neutrino mass. We perform a comprehensive study of the implications of such neutrino mass sum rules, which provide a link between model building, phenomenology, and experiments. After a careful explanation of how to derive predictions from sum rules, we discuss a large number of examples both numerically, using all three global fits available for the neutrino oscillation data, and analytically wherever possible. In some cases, our results disagree with some of those in the literature for reasons that we explain. Finally we discuss the experimental prospects for many current and near-future experiments, with a particular focus on the uncertainties induced by the unknown nuclear physics involved. We find that, in many cases, the power of the neutrino mass sum rules is so strong as to allow certain classes of models to be tested by the next generation of neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. Our study can serve as both a guideline and a theoretical motivation for future experimental studies.

  8. The Majorana Demonstrator: A search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of germanium-76

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, S. R.; Boswell, M.; Goett, J.; Rielage, K.; Ronquest, M. C.; Xu, W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (United States); Abgrall, N.; Chan, Y-D.; Hegai, A.; Martin, R. D.; Mertens, S.; Poon, A. W. P. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); Aguayo, E.; Fast, J. E.; Hoppe, E. W.; Kouzes, R. T.; LaFerriere, B. D.; Orrell, J. L.; Overman, N. R.; Soin, A. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); and others

    2013-12-30

    The MAJORANA collaboration is searching for neutrinoless double beta decay using {sup 76}Ge, which has been shown to have a number of advantages in terms of sensitivities and backgrounds. The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would show that lepton number is violated and that neutrinos are Majorana particles and would simultaneously provide information on neutrino mass. Attaining sensitivities for neutrino masses in the inverted hierarchy region, 15 - 50 meV, will require large, tonne-scale detectors with extremely low backgrounds, at the level of ?1 count/t-y or lower in the region of the signal. The MAJORANA collaboration, with funding support from DOE Office of Nuclear Physics and NSF Particle Astrophysics, is constructing the DEMONSTRATOR, an array consisting of 40 kg of p-type point-contact high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors, of which ?30 kg will be enriched to 87% in {sup 76}Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR is being constructed in a clean room laboratory facility at the 4850' level (4300 m.w.e.) of the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in Lead, SD. It utilizes a compact graded shield approach with the inner portion consisting of ultra-clean Cu that is being electroformed and machined underground. The primary aim of the DEMONSTRATOR is to show the feasibility of a future tonne-scale measurement in terms of backgrounds and scalability.

  9. New physics effects on neutrinoless double beta decay from right-handed current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Shao-Feng; Patra, Sudhanwa

    2015-01-01

    We study the impact of new physics contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay arising from right-handed current in comparison with the standard mechanism. If the light neutrinos obtain their masses from Type-II seesaw within left-right symmetric model, where the Type-I contribution is suppressed to negligible extent, the right-handed PMNS matrix is the same as its left-handed counterpart, making it highly predictable and can be tested at next-generation experiments. It is very attractive, especially with recent cosmological constraint favoring the normal hierarchy under which the neutrinoless double beta decay is too small to be observed unless new physics appears as indicated by the recent diboson excess observed at ATLAS. The relative contributions from left- and right-handed currents can be reconstructed with the ratio between lifetimes of two different isotopes as well as the ratio of nuclear matrix elements. In this way, the theoretical uncertainties in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements can...

  10. Progress in the use of pixel detectors in double beta decay experiment TGV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jose, J. M. [Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Czech Technical University in Prague, Horska 3a/22, 12800 Prague 2 (Czech Republic); Collaboration: TGV Collaboration

    2013-12-30

    The TGV collaboration has been investigating two neutrino double electron capture (2?EC/EC) in {sup 106}Cd since 2000. The double beta experiments would answer some of the puzzling problems about neutrinos (e.g. nature and mass) but one of the main challenges is the background events. The collaboration is investigating the use of pixel detectors in such rare decay experiments. Pixel detector gives spatial information along with energy of the particle, thus provides useful information to reduce the background. The collaboration has proposed a Silicon Pixel Telescope (SPT) for the next generation experiment; where a pair of Si pixel detectors with enriched Cd foil in the middle forms the detection unit. A prototype unit of SPT has been constructed and results of preliminary background measurements performed on the surface and in the underground laboratories are presented.

  11. Probing particle and nuclear physics models of neutrinoless double beta decay with different nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. M. Rotunno

    2009-08-06

    Half-life estimates for neutrinoless double beta decay depend on particle physics models for lepton flavor violation, as well as on nuclear physics models for the structure and transitions of candidate nuclei. Different models considered in the literature can be contrasted - via prospective data - with a "standard" scenario characterized by light Majorana neutrino exchange and by the quasiparticle random phase approximation, for which the theoretical covariance matrix has been recently estimated. We show that, assuming future half-life data in four promising nuclei (Ge-76, Se-82, Te-130, and Xe-136), the standard scenario can be distinguished from a few nonstandard physics models, while being compatible with alternative state-of-the-art nuclear calculations (at 95% C.L.). Future signals in different nuclei may thus help to discriminate at least some decay mechanisms, without being spoiled by current nuclear uncertainties. Prospects for possible improvements are also discussed.

  12. Nuclear Structure Relevant to Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay: 76Ge and 76Se

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Schiffer; S. J. Freeman; J. A. Clark; C. Deibel; C. R. Fitzpatrick; S. Gros; A. Heinz; D. Hirata; C. L. Jiang; B. P. Kay; A. Parikh; P. D. Parker; K. E. Rehm; A. C. C. Villari; V. Werner; C. Wrede

    2007-10-03

    The possibility of observing neutrinoless double beta decay offers the opportunity of determining the neutrino mass IF the nuclear matrix element were known. Theoretical calculations are uncertain and measurements of the occupations of valence orbits by nucleons active in the decay can be important. The occupation of valence neutron orbits in the ground states of 76Ge and 76Se were determined by precisely measuring cross sections for both neutron-adding and removing transfer reactions. Our results indicate that the Fermi surface is much more diffuse than in theoretical (QRPA) calculations. We find that the populations of at least three orbits change significantly between these two ground states while in the calculations the changes are confined primarily to one orbit.

  13. Probing particle and nuclear physics models of neutrinoless double beta decay with different nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fogli, G. L.; Rotunno, A. M. [Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica 'Michelangelo Merlin', Via Amendola 173, 70126 Bari (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari (Italy); Lisi, E. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari (Italy)

    2009-07-01

    Half-life estimates for neutrinoless double beta decay depend on particle physics models for lepton-flavor violation, as well as on nuclear physics models for the structure and transitions of candidate nuclei. Different models considered in the literature can be contrasted - via prospective data - with a 'standard' scenario characterized by light Majorana neutrino exchange and by the quasiparticle random phase approximation, for which the theoretical covariance matrix has been recently estimated. We show that, assuming future half-life data in four promising nuclei ({sup 76}Ge, {sup 82}Se, {sup 130}Te, and {sup 136}Xe), the standard scenario can be distinguished from a few nonstandard physics models, while being compatible with alternative state-of-the-art nuclear calculations (at 95% C.L.). Future signals in different nuclei may thus help to discriminate at least some decay mechanisms, without being spoiled by current nuclear uncertainties. Prospects for possible improvements are also discussed.

  14. Neutrinoless double beta decay and pseudo-Dirac neutrino mass predictions through inverse seesaw mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ram Lal Awasthi; M. K. Parida; Sudhanwa Patra

    2013-01-21

    In the inverse seesaw extension of the standard model, supersymmetric or non-supersymmetric, while the light left-handed neutrinos are Majorana, the heavy right-handed neutrinos are pseudo-Dirac fermions. We show how one of these latter category of particles can contribute quite significantly to neutrinoless double beta decay. The neutrino virtuality momentum is found to play a crucial role in the non-standard contributions leading to the prediction of the pseudo-Dirac fermion mass in the range of $120\\, {MeV}-500\\, {MeV}$. When the Dirac neutrino mass matrix in the inverse seesaw formula is similar to the up-quark mass matrix, characteristic of high scale quark-lepton symmetric origin, the predicted branching ratios for lepton flavor violating decays are also found to be closer to the accessible range of ongoing experiments.

  15. Degeneracies of particle and nuclear physics uncertainties in neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisi, E; Simkovic, F

    2015-01-01

    Theoretical estimates for the half life of neutrinoless double beta decay in candidate nuclei are affected by both particle and nuclear physics uncertainties, which may complicate the interpretation of decay signals or limits. We study such uncertainties and their degeneracies in the following context: three nuclei of great interest for large-scale experiments (76-Ge, 130-Te, 136-Xe), two representative particle physics mechanisms (light and heavy Majorana neutrino exchange), and a large set of nuclear matrix elements (NME), computed within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). It turns out that the main theoretical uncertainties, associated with the effective axial coupling g_A and with the nucleon-nucleon potential, can be parametrized in terms of NME rescaling factors, up to small residuals. From this parametrization, the following QRPA features emerge: (1) the NME dependence on g_A is milder than quadratic; (2) in each of the two mechanisms, the relevant lepton flavor violating parameter is...

  16. Angular distribution of electrons in neutrinoless double-beta decay and new physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, A. [DESY (Germany); Borisov, A. V., E-mail: borisov@phys.msu.ru; Zhuridov, D. V. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

    2007-07-15

    For neutrinoless double-beta decay caused by the exchange of light Majorana neutrinos, an expression for the differential width with respect to the angle between the final-electron momenta is obtained on the basis of a Lorentz-invariant effective Lagrangian of the general form. The shape of this angular distribution is analyzed within various extensions of the Standard Model that allow this process-in particular, within theories that involve Majorana super partners and (or) right-handed currents. The angular correlation coefficient for electrons as a function of the mass of the right-handed W boson and the effective Majorana neutrino mass in the decay of the {sup 76}Ge nucleus is considered within the model involving left-right symmetry.

  17. Measurement of the Double-Beta Decay Half-life of {sup 136}Xe in KamLAND-Zen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KamLAND-Zen Collaboration; Gando, A.; Gando, Y.; Hanakago, H.; Ikeda, H.; Inoue, K.; Kato, R.; Koga, M.; Matsuda, S.; Mitsui, T.; Nakada, T.; Nakamura, K.; Obata, A.; Oki, A.; Ono, Y.; Shimizu, I.; Shirai, J.; Suzuki, A.; Takemoto, Y.; Tamae, K.; Ueshima, K.; Watanabe, H.; Xu, B. D.; Yamada, S.; Yoshida, H.; Kozlov, A.; Yoshida, S.; Banks, T. I.; Detwiler, J. A.; Freedman, S. J.; Fujikawa, B. K.; Han, K.; O'Donnell, T.; Berger, B. E.; Efremenko, Y.; Karwowski, H. J.; Markoff, D. M.; Tornow, W.; Enomoto, S.; Decowski, M. P.

    2012-01-23

    We present results from the KamLAND-Zen double-beta decay experiment based on an exposure of 77.6 days with 129 kg of {sup 136}Xe. The measured two-neutrino double-beta decay half-life of {sup 136}Xe is T{sup 2{nu}}{sub 1/2} = 2:38 {+-}#6; 0:02(stat)#6;{+-}0.14(syst)#2;x10{sup 21} yr, consistent with a recent measurement by EXO-200. We also obtain a lower limit for the neutrinoless double-beta decay half-life, T{sup 0{nu}}{sub 1/2} > 5.7 x#2; 10{sup 24} yr at 90% C.L.

  18. Chiral two-body currents in nuclei: Gamow-Teller transitions and neutrinoless double-beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Menéndez; D. Gazit; A. Schwenk

    2011-06-15

    We show that chiral effective field theory (EFT) two-body currents provide important contributions to the quenching of low-momentum-transfer Gamow-Teller transitions, and use chiral EFT to predict the momentum-transfer dependence that is probed in neutrinoless double-beta decay. We then calculate for the first time the neutrinoless double-beta decay operator based on chiral EFT currents and study the nuclear matrix elements at successive orders. The contributions from chiral two-body currents are significant and should be included in all calculations.

  19. Probing new physics in the neutrinoless double beta decay using electron angular correlation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, A.; Borisov, A. V.; Zhuridov, D. V. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2007-11-01

    The angular correlation of the electrons emitted in the neutrinoless double beta decay (0{nu}2{beta}) is presented using a general Lorentz invariant effective Lagrangian for the leptonic and hadronic charged weak currents. We show that the coefficient K in the angular correlation d{gamma}/dcos{theta}{proportional_to}(1-Kcos{theta}) is essentially independent of the nuclear matrix element models and present its numerical values for the five nuclei of interest ({sup 76}Ge, {sup 82}Se, {sup 100}Mo, {sup 130}Te, and {sup 136}Xe), assuming that the 0{nu}2{beta} decays in these nuclei are induced solely by a light Majorana neutrino, {nu}{sub M}. This coefficient varies between K=0.81 (for the {sup 76}Ge nucleus) and K=0.88 (for the {sup 82}Se and {sup 100}Mo nuclei), calculated taking into account the effects from the nucleon recoil, the S and P waves for the outgoing electrons and the electron mass. Deviation of K from its values derived here would indicate the presence of new physics (NP) in addition to a light Majorana neutrino, and we work out the angular coefficients in several {nu}{sub M}+NP scenarios for the {sup 76}Ge nucleus. As an illustration of the correlations among the 0{nu}2{beta} observables (half-life T{sub 1/2}, the coefficient K, and the effective Majorana neutrino mass ||) and the parameters of the underlying NP model, we analyze the left-right symmetric models, taking into account current phenomenological bounds on the right-handed W{sub R}-boson mass and the left-right mixing parameter {zeta}.

  20. Multi-isotope degeneracy of neutrinoless double beta decay mechanisms in the quasi-particle random phase approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amand Faessler; G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. M. Rotunno; F. Simkovic

    2011-06-22

    We calculate nuclear matrix elements (NME) of neutrinoless double beta decay in four different candidate nuclei (Ge-76, Se-82, Mo-100, Te-130) within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) and its uncertainties. We assume (up to) four coexisting mechanisms for neutrinoless double beta decay, mediated by light Majorana neutrino exchange, heavy Majorana neutrino exchange, R-parity breaking supersymmetry, and squark-neutrino, interfering either constructively or destructively with each other. We find that, unfortunately, current NME uncertainties appear to prevent a robust determination of the relative contribution of each mechanism to the decay amplitude, even assuming accurate measurements of decay lifetimes. The near-degeneracy of the decay mechanisms is analyzed with simple algebraic techniques, which do not involve assumptions about the statistical distribution of errors. We discuss implications of such degeneracy on prospective searches for absolute neutrino masses.

  1. Constraining Majorana CP Phase in Precision Era of Cosmology and Double Beta Decay Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hisakazu Minakata; Hiroshi Nunokawa; Alexander A. Quiroga

    2015-03-02

    We show that precision measurement of (1) sum of neutrino masses by cosmological observation and (2) lifetime of neutrinoless double beta decay in ton-scale experiments, with supplementary use of (3) effective mass measured in single beta decay experiment, would allow us to obtain information on the Majorana phase of neutrinos. To quantify the sensitivity to the phase we use the CP exclusion fraction, a fraction of the CP phase parameter space that can be excluded for a given set of assumed input parameters, a global measure for CP violation. We illustrate the sensitivity under varying assumptions, from modest to optimistic ones, on experimental errors and theoretical uncertainty of nuclear matrix elements. Assuming that the latter can be reduced to a factor of ~1.5 we find that one of the two Majorana phases (denoted as alpha_(21)) can be constrained by excluding ~10-40% of the phase space at 2sigma CL even with the modest choice of experimental error for the lowest neutrino mass of 0.1 eV. The characteristic features of the sensitivity to alpha_(21), such as dependences on the true values of alpha_(21), are addressed.

  2. The Hunt for neutrinoless double beta decay with the NEXT experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Lorca; for the NEXT Collaboration

    2014-11-04

    The NEXT-100 detector will search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{136}$Xe using an electroluminescent high-pressure xenon gas TPC filled with 100 kg of enriched Xe. An observation of this hypothetical process would establish a Majorana nature for the neutrino and prove the violation of lepton number. A scaled-down prototype, NEXT-DEMO, has been built to demonstrate the feasibility of the technology. NEXT-DEMO includes an energy plane made of PMTs and a tracking plane made of SiPMs. X-ray energy depositions, produced by the de-excitation of xenon atoms after their interaction with gamma rays, have been used to characterize the detector response. With this method, the released energy by gammas coming from $^{22}$Na source has been corrected, achieving an energy resolution of 5.691% FWHM and 1.62% FWHM at the 29.7 keV and 511 keV peaks respectively, which extrapolate to 0.62% FWHM and 0.73% FWHM at Q$_{\\beta \\beta}$ value of Xenon.

  3. The Hunt for neutrinoless double beta decay with the NEXT experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2014-01-01

    The NEXT-100 detector will search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{136}$Xe using an electroluminescent high-pressure xenon gas TPC filled with 100 kg of enriched Xe. An observation of this hypothetical process would establish a Majorana nature for the neutrino and prove the violation of lepton number. A scaled-down prototype, NEXT-DEMO, has been built to demonstrate the feasibility of the technology. NEXT-DEMO includes an energy plane made of PMTs and a tracking plane made of SiPMs. X-ray energy depositions, produced by the de-excitation of xenon atoms after their interaction with gamma rays, have been used to characterize the detector response. With this method, the released energy by gammas coming from $^{22}$Na source has been corrected, achieving an energy resolution of 5.691% FWHM and 1.62% FWHM at the 29.7 keV and 511 keV peaks respectively, which extrapolate to 0.62% FWHM and 0.73% FWHM at Q$_{\\beta \\beta}$ value of Xenon.

  4. New generation of double beta decay experiments: are there any limitations?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2011-11-30

    New generation experiments on search for neutrinoless double beta decay with sensitivity to effective Majorana neutrino mass on the level $\\sim$ 3-5 meV is discussed. Possible restrictions at achievement of this purpose (possibility to produce big amount of enriched isotopes, possibility to reach very low background level, energy resolution and possible cost of experiments) are considered. It is shown that for realization of so ambitious project 10 tons (or more) of enriched isotope is required. Background index should be on the level $\\le$ 10$^{-5}-10^{-6}$ c/kg$\\cdot$ keV$\\cdot$ y. Besides, the energy resolution of the detector should be not worse than 1-2%. It is shown that $^{130}$TeO$_2$ low temperature bolometer looks as the most realistic candidate for such experiments. Under some conditions experiments with $^{76}$Ge, $^{100}$Mo and $^{136}$Xe can be realized too.

  5. Challenge on Ca-48 enrichment for CANDLES double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Hazama; Y. Tatewaki; T. Kishimoto; K. Matsuoka; N. Endo; K. Kume; Y. Shibahara; M. Tanimizu

    2007-10-20

    Chemical isotope effects of calcium were studied by liquid-liquid extraction using a crown ether of dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 for the purpose of finding a cost-effective and efficient way of enrichment of Ca-48 towards the study of the neutrinoless double beta decay of Ca-48. We evaluated each contribution ratio of the field shift effect and the hyperfine splitting shift effect to the mass effect of the calcium isotopes for the first time. The present preliminary result suggests the contribution of the field shift effect is small, especially for Ca-40-Ca-48 case, compared with the case of Chromium trichloride-crown in which the isotope enrichment factors are strongly affected by the field shifts. These indications are promising towards the mass producion of enriched Ca-48 by the chemical separation method.

  6. A Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leviner, L.; Aalseth, Craig E.; Ahmed, M. W.; Avignone, F. T.; Back, Henning O.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Boswell, M.; De Braeckeleer, L.; Brudanin, V.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Elliott, Steven R.; Gehman, Victor M.; Hossbach, Todd W.; Kephart, Jeremy; Kidd, M. F.; Konovalov, S.; Lesko, Kevin; Li, Jingyi; Mei, Dongming; Mikhailov, S.; Miley, Harry S.; Radford, D. C.; Reeves, James H.; Sandukovsky, Viatcheslav; Umatov, Valdimir; Underwood, T. A.; Tornow, W.; Wu, Y. K.; Young, A.

    2014-01-21

    We present data characterizing the performance of the _rst segmented, N- type Ge detector, isotopically enriched to 85% 76Ge. This detector, based on the Ortec PT6x2 design and referred to as SEGA (Segmented, Enriched Germanium Assembly), was developed as a possible prototype for neutrinoless double beta-decay measurements by the Majorana collaboration. We present some of the general characteristics (including bias potential, efficiency, leakage current, and integral cross-talk) for this detector in its temporary cryostat. We also present an analysis of the resolution of the detector, and demonstrate that for all but two segments there is at least one channel that reaches the Majorana resolution goal below 4 keV FWHM at 2039 keV, and all channels are below 4.5 keV FWHM.

  7. Status of the GERDA experiment aimed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anatoly A. Smolnikov; for the GERDA Collaboration

    2008-12-22

    The progress in the development of the new international Gerda (GErmanium Detector Array) experiment is presented. Main purpose of the experiment is to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge. The experimental set up is under construction in the underground laboratory of LNGS. Gerda will operate with bare germanium semiconductor detectors (enriched in 76Ge) situated in liquid argon. In the Phase I the existing enriched detectors from the previous Heidelberg-Moscow and IGEX experiments are employed, in the Phase II the new segmented detectors made from recently produced enriched material will be added. Novel concepts for background suppression including detector segmentation and anti-coincidence with LAr scintillation are developed.

  8. Deformation and the Nuclear Matrix Elements of the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Menendez; A. Poves; E. Caurier; F. Nowacki

    2008-09-12

    In this talk I will review the "state of the art" of the calculations of the nuclear matrix elements (NME) of the neutrinoless double beta decays for the nuclei 48Ca, 76Ge, 82Se, 124Sn, 128Te, 130Te and 136Xe in the framework of the Interacting Shell Model (ISM), and compare them with the NME's obtained using the Quasi-particle RPA approach (QRPA). I will also discuss the effect of the competition between the pairing and quadrupole correlations in the value of these NME's. In particular I will show that, as the difference in deformation between parent and grand daughter grows, the NME's of both the neutrinoless and the two neutrino modes decrease rapidly.

  9. Status of the CUORE and results from the CUORE-0 neutrinoless double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisti, M; Avignone, F T; Azzolini, O; Balata, M; Banks, T I; Bari, G; Beeman, J; Bellini, F; Bersani, A; Biassoni, M; Brofferio, C; Bucci, C; Cai, X Z; Camacho, A; Caminata, A; Canonica, L; Cao, X G; Capelli, S; Cappelli, L; Carbone, L; Cardani, L; Casali, N; Cassina, L; Chiesa, D; Chott, N; Clemenza, M; Copello, S; Cosmelli, C; Cremonesi, O; Creswick, R J; Cushman, J S; Dafinei, I; Dally, A; Datskov, V; Dell'Oro, S; Deninno, M; Di Domizio, S; di Vacri, M L; Drobizhev, A; Ejzak, L; Fang, D Q; Farach, H A; Faverzani, M; Fernandes, G; Ferri, E; Ferroni, F; Fiorini, E; Franceschi, M A; Freedman, S J; Fujikawa, B K; Giachero, A; Gironi, L; Giuliani, A; Gorla, P; Gotti, C; Gutierrez, T D; Haller, E E; Han, K; Heeger, K M; Hennings-Yeomans, R; Hickerson, K P; Huang, H Z; Kadel, R; Keppel, G; Kolomensky, Yu G; Li, Y L; Ligi, C; Lim, K E; Liu, X; Ma, Y G; Maiano, C; Maino, M; Martinez, M; Maruyama, R H; Mei, Y; Moggi, N; Morganti, S; Napolitano, T; Nastasi, M; Nisi, S; Nones, C; Norman, E B; Nucciotti, A; O'Donnell, T; Orio, F; Orlandi, D; Ouellet, J L; Pagliarone, C E; Pallavicini, M; Palmieri, V; Pattavina, L; Pavan, M; Pedretti, M; Pessina, G; Pettinacci, V; Piperno, G; Pira, C; Pirro, S; Pozzi, S; Previtali, E; Rosenfeld, C; Rusconi, C; Sala, E; Sangiorgio, S; Scielzo, N D; Smith, A R; Taffarello, L; Tenconi, M; Terranova, F; Tian, W D; Tomei, C; Trentalange, S; Ventura, G; Vignati, M; Wang, B S; Wang, H W; Wielgus, L; Wilson, J; Winslow, L A; Wise, T; Woodcraft, A; Zanotti, L; Zarra, C; Zhang, G Q; Zhu, B X; Zucchelli, S

    2015-01-01

    CUORE is a 741 kg array of TeO2 bolometers for the search of neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te. The detector is being constructed at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy, where it will start taking data in 2015. If the target background of 0.01 counts/keV/kg/y will be reached, in five years of data taking CUORE will have a 1 sigma half life sensitivity of 10E26 y. CUORE-0 is a smaller experiment constructed to test and demonstrate the performances expected for CUORE. The detector is a single tower of 52 CUORE-like bolometers that started taking data in spring 2013. The status and perspectives of CUORE will be discussed, and the first CUORE-0 data will be presented.

  10. Radon and material radiopurity assessment for the NEXT double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cebrián, S; Bandac, I; Labarga, L; Álvarez, V; Barrado, A I; Bettini, A; Borges, F I G M; Camargo, M; Cárcel, S; Cervera, A; Conde, C A N; Conde, E; Dafni, T; Díaz, J; Esteve, R; Fernandes, L M P; Fernández, M; Ferrario, P; Freitas, E D C; Gehman, V M; Goldschmidt, A; Gómez-Cadenas, J J; González-Díaz, D; Gutiérrez, R M; Hauptman, J; Morata, J A Hernando; Herrera, D C; Irastorza, I G; Laing, A; Liubarsky, I; López-March, N; Lorca, D; Losada, M; Luzón, G; Marí, A; Martín-Albo, J; Martínez, A; Martínez-Lema, G; Miller, T; Monrabal, F; Monserrate, M; Monteiro, C M B; Mora, F J; Moutinho, L M; Vidal, J Muñoz; Nebot-Guinot, M; Nygren, D; Oliveira, C A B; de Solórzano, A Ortiz; Aparicio, J L Pérez; Querol, M; Renner, J; Ripoll, L; Rodríguez, J; Santos, F P; Santos, J M F dos; Serra, L; Shuman, D; Simón, A; Sofka, C; Sorel, M; Toledo, J F; Torrent, J; Tsamalaidze, Z; Veloso, J F C A; Villar, J A; Webb, R C; White, J T; Yahlali, N

    2015-01-01

    The Neutrino Experiment with a Xenon TPC (NEXT), intended to investigate the neutrinoless double beta decay using a high-pressure xenon gas TPC filled with Xe enriched in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory in Spain, requires ultra-low background conditions demanding an exhaustive control of material radiopurity and environmental radon levels. An extensive material screening process is underway for several years based mainly on gamma-ray spectroscopy using ultra-low background germanium detectors in Canfranc but also on mass spectrometry techniques like GDMS and ICPMS. Components from shielding, pressure vessel, electroluminescence and high voltage elements and energy and tracking readout planes have been analyzed, helping in the final design of the experiment and in the construction of the background model. The latest measurements carried out will be presented and the implication on NEXT of their results will be discussed. The commissioning of the NEW detector, as a first step towards NEXT, has star...

  11. Average and recommended half-life values for two neutrino double beta decay: Upgrade-2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barabash, A. S. [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, 117218 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2013-12-30

    All existing positive results on two neutrino double beta decay in different nuclei were analyzed. Using the procedure recommended by the Particle Data Group, weighted average values for half-lives of {sup 48}Ca, {sup 76}Ge, {sup 82}Se, {sup 96}Zr, {sup 100}Mo, {sup 100}Mo?{sup 100}Ru (0{sub 1}{sup +}), {sup 116}Cd, {sup 130}Te, {sup 136}Xe, {sup 150}Nd, {sup 150}Nd?{sup 150}Sm (0{sub 1}{sup +}) and {sup 238}U were obtained. Existing geochemical data were analyzed and recommended values for half-lives of {sup 128}Te and {sup 130}Ba are proposed. I recommend the use of these results as the most currently reliable values for half-lives.

  12. Nuclear matrix elements in neutrinoless double beta decay: beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, J M; Hagino, K; Ring, P; Meng, J

    2014-01-01

    We report a systematic study of nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) in neutrinoless double-beta decays with state-of-the-art beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory. The dynamic effects of particle-number and angular-momentum conservations as well as quadrupole shape fluctuations are taken into account with projections and generator coordinate method for both initial and final nuclei. The full relativistic transition operator is adopted to calculate the NMEs which are found to be consistent with the results of previous beyond non-relativistic mean-field calculation based on a Gogny force with the exception of $^{150}$Nd. Our study shows that the total NMEs can be well approximated by the pure axial-vector coupling term, the calculation of which is computationally much cheaper than that of full terms.

  13. A measurement of the 2 neutrino double beta decay rate of Te-130 in the CUORICINO experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kogler, Laura

    2011-11-03

    CUORICINO was a cryogenic bolometer experiment designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay and other rare processes, including double beta decay with two neutrinos (2{nu}{beta}{beta}). The experiment was located at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso and ran for a period of about 5 years, from 2003 to 2008. The detector consisted of an array of 62 TeO{sub 2} crystals arranged in a tower and operated at a temperature of #24;10 mK. Events depositing energy in the detectors, such as radioactive decays or impinging particles, produced thermal pulses in the crystals which were read out using sensitive thermistors. The experiment included 4 enriched crystals, 2 enriched with {sup 130}Te and 2 with {sup 128}Te, in order to aid in the measurement of the 2{nu}{beta}{beta} rate. The enriched crystals contained a total of #24;350 g {sup 130}Te. The 128-enriched (130-depleted) crystals were used as background monitors, so that the shared backgrounds could be subtracted from the energy spectrum of the 130- enriched crystals. Residual backgrounds in the subtracted spectrum were fit using spectra generated by Monte-Carlo simulations of natural radioactive contaminants located in and on the crystals. The 2{nu}{beta}{beta} half-life was measured to be T{sup 2{nu}}{sub 1/2} = [9.81{+-} #6;0.96(stat){+-} 0.49(syst)]#2;x10{sup 20} y.

  14. Searching for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay of130Te with CUORE

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Artusa, D. R.; Avignone, F. T.; Azzolini, O.; Balata, M.; Banks, T. I.; Bari, G.; Beeman, J.; Bellini, F.; Bersani, A.; Biassoni, M.; et al

    2015-01-01

    Neutrinoless double-beta (0???) decay is a hypothesized lepton-number-violating process that offers the only known means of asserting the possible Majorana nature of neutrino mass. The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is an upcoming experiment designed to search for 0???decay of130Te using an array of 988 TeO2crystal bolometers operated at 10?mK. The detector will contain 206?kg of130Te and have an average energy resolution of 5?keV; the projected 0???decay half-life sensitivity after five years of livetime is 1.6?×?1026?y at 1?(9.5?×?1025?y at the 90% confidence level), which corresponds to an upper limit on the effective Majorana massmore »in the range 40–100?meV (50–130?meV). In this paper, we review the experimental techniques used in CUORE as well as its current status and anticipated physics reach.« less

  15. Searching for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay of 130 Te with CUORE

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Artusa, D. R.; Avignone, F. T.; Azzolini, O.; Balata, M.; Banks, T. I.; Bari, G.; Beeman, J.; Bellini, F.; Bersani, A.; Biassoni, M.; et al

    2015-01-01

    Neutrinoless double-beta (0 ? ? ? ) decay is a hypothesized lepton-number-violating process that offers the only known means of asserting the possible Majorana nature of neutrino mass. The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is an upcoming experiment designed to search for 0 ? ? ? decay of 130 Te using an array of 988 TeO 2 crystal bolometers operated at 10?mK. The detector will contain 206?kg of 130 Te and have an average energy resolution of 5?keV; the projected 0 ? ? ? decay half-life sensitivity aftermore »five years of livetime is 1.6?×?10 26 ?y at 1 ? (9.5?×?10 25 ?y at the 90% confidence level), which corresponds to an upper limit on the effective Majorana mass in the range 40–100?meV (50–130?meV). In this paper, we review the experimental techniques used in CUORE as well as its current status and anticipated physics reach. « less

  16. MOON for a next-generation neutrino-less double-beta decay experiment: Present status and perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shima, T.; /Osaka U., Res. Ctr. Nucl. Phys.; Doe, P.J.; /Washington U., Seattle; Ejiri, H.; /Osaka U., Res. Ctr. Nucl. Phys. /NIRS, Chiba /Prague, Tech. U.; Elliot, S.R.; /Washington U., Seattle /Los Alamos; Engel, J.; /North Carolina U.; Finger, M.; /Charles U.; Finger, M.; /Charles U.; Fushimi, K.; /Tokushima U.; Gehman, V.M.; /Washington U., Seattle /Los Alamos; Greenfield, M.B.; /Tokyo, Intl. Christian U.; Hazama, R.; /Hiroshima U. /NIRS, Chiba

    2008-01-01

    The performance of the MOON detector for a next-generation neutrino-less double-beta decay experiment was evaluated by means of the Monte Carlo method. The MOON detector was found to be a feasible solution for the future experiment to search for the Majorana neutrino mass in the range of 100-30 meV.

  17. Neutron inelastic scattering and reactions in natural Pb as a background in neutrinoless double-beta-decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. E. Guiseppe; M. Devlin; S. R. Elliott; N. Fotiades; A. Hime; D. -M. Mei; R. O. Nelson; D. V. Perepelitsa

    2009-09-24

    Inelastic neutron scattering and reactions on Pb isotopes can result in gamma rays near the signature endpoint energy in a number of double-beta decay isotopes. In particular, there are gamma-ray transitions in Pb-206,207,208 that might produce energy deposits at the 76-Ge Q value in Ge detectors used for double-beta decay searches. The levels that produce these gamma rays can be excited by (n,n'gamma) or (n,xngamma) reactions, but the cross sections are small and previously unmeasured. This work uses the pulsed neutron beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center to directly measure reactions of interest to double-beta decay experiments. The cross section on natural Pb to produce the 2041-keV gamma ray from Pb-206 is measured to be 3.6 +/- 0.7 (stat.) +/- 0.3 (syst.) mb at ~9.6 MeV. The cross section on natural Pb to produce the 3062-keV gamma ray from Pb-207 and Pb-208 is measured to be 3.9 +/- 0.8 (stat.) +/- 0.4 (syst.) mb at the same energy. We report cross sections or place upper limits on the cross sections for exciting some other levels in Pb that have transition energies corresponding to Q value in other double-beta decay isotopes.

  18. Pattern recognition techniques to reduce backgrounds in the search for the {sup 136}Xe double beta decay with gaseous TPCs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iguaz, F. J.; Cebrián, S.; Dafni, T.; Gómez, H.; Herrera, D. C.; Irastorza, I. G.; Luzon, G.; Segui, L.; Tomas, A. [Laboratorio de Física Nuclear y Astropartículas, Universidad de Zaragoza (Spain)] [Laboratorio de Física Nuclear y Astropartículas, Universidad de Zaragoza (Spain)

    2013-08-08

    The observation of the neutrinoless double beta decay may provide essential information on the nature of neutrinos. Among the current experimental approaches, a high pressure gaseous TPC is an attractive option for the search of double beta decay due to its good energy resolution and the detailed topological information of each event. We present in this talk a detailed study of the ionization topology of the {sup 136}Xe double beta decay events in a High Pressure Xenon TPC, as well as that of the typical competing backgrounds. We define some observables based on graph theory concepts to develop automated discrimination algorithms. Our criteria are able to reduce the background level by about three orders of magnitude in the region of interest of the {sup 136}Xe Q{sub ??} for a signal acceptance of 40%. This result provides a quantitative assessment of the benefit of topological information offered by gaseous TPCs for double beta decay search, and proves that it is a promising feature in view of future experiments in the field. Possible ideas for further improvement in the discrimination algorithms and the dependency of these results with the gas diffusion and readout granularity will be also discussed.

  19. Observation of Two-Neutrino Double-Beta Decay in [superscript 136]Xe with the EXO-200 Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldman, Samuel J.

    We report the observation of two-neutrino double-beta decay in [superscript 136]Xe with T[subscript 1/2]=2.11±0.04(stat)±0.21(syst)×10[superscript 21]??yr. This second-order process, predicted by the standard model, has ...

  20. ZnMoO4: a promising bolometer for neutrinoless double beta decay searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Beeman; F. Bellini; S. Capelli; L. Cardani; N. Casali; I. Dafinei; S. Di Domizio; F. Ferroni; E. N. Galashov; L. Gironi; F. Orio; L. Pattavina; G. Pessina; G. Piperno; S. Pirro; V. N. Shlegel; Ya. V. Vasilyev; C. Tomei; M. Vignati

    2012-02-01

    We investigate the performances of two ZnMoO4 scintillating crystals operated as bolometers, in view of a next generation experiment to search the neutrinoless double beta decay of Mo-100. We present the results of the alpha vs beta/gamma discrimination, obtained through the scintillation light as well as through the study of the shape of the thermal signal alone. The discrimination capability obtained at the 2615 keV line of Tl-208 is 8 sigma, using the heat-light scatter plot, while it exceeds 20 sigma using the shape of the thermal pulse alone. The achieved FWHM energy resolution ranges from 2.4 keV (at 238 keV) to 5.7 keV (at 2615 keV). The internal radioactive contaminations of the ZnMoO4 crystals were evaluated through a 407 hours background measurement. The obtained limit is < 32 microBq/kg for Th-228 and Ra-226. These values were used for a Monte Carlo simulation aimed at evaluating the achievable background level of a possible, future array of enriched ZnMoO4 crystals.

  1. Corrections to the Neutrinoless Double-Beta-Decay Operator in the Shell Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, Jonathan [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Hagen, Gaute [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    We use diagrammatic perturbation theory to construct an effective shell-model operator for the neutrinoless double beta decay of ^{82}Se. The starting point is the same Bonn-C nucleon-nucleon interaction that is used to generate the Hamiltonian in state-of-the-art shell-model calculations. After first summing high-energy ladder diagrams that account for short-range correlations and then adding diagrams of low order in the G matrix to account for longer-range correlations, we fold the two-body matrix elements of the resulting effective operator with transition densities from an existing shell-model calculation to obtain the overall nuclear matrix element that governs the decay. Although the high-energy ladder diagrams suppress this matrix element at very short distances as expected, they enhance it at distances between one and two fermis, so that their overall effect is small. The corrections due to longer-range physics are large, but cancel one another so that the fully corrected matrix element is comparable to that produced by the bare operator. This cancellation between large and physically distinct low-order terms indicates the importance of a reliable nonperturbative calculation.

  2. Degeneracies of particle and nuclear physics uncertainties in neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Lisi; A. Rotunno; F. Simkovic

    2015-06-12

    Theoretical estimates for the half life of neutrinoless double beta decay in candidate nuclei are affected by both particle and nuclear physics uncertainties, which may complicate the interpretation of decay signals or limits. We study such uncertainties and their degeneracies in the following context: three nuclei of great interest for large-scale experiments (76-Ge, 130-Te, 136-Xe), two representative particle physics mechanisms (light and heavy Majorana neutrino exchange), and a large set of nuclear matrix elements (NME), computed within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). It turns out that the main theoretical uncertainties, associated with the effective axial coupling g_A and with the nucleon-nucleon potential, can be parametrized in terms of NME rescaling factors, up to small residuals. From this parametrization, the following QRPA features emerge: (1) the NME dependence on g_A is milder than quadratic; (2) in each of the two mechanisms, the relevant lepton flavor violating parameter is largely degenerate with the NME rescaling factors; and (3) the light and heavy neutrino exchange mechanisms are basically degenerate in the above three nuclei. We comment on the challenging theoretical and experimental improvements required to reduce such particle and nuclear physics uncertainties and their degeneracies.

  3. Studies on the double-{beta} decay nucleus {sup 64}Zn using the (d,{sup 2}He) reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grewe, E.-W.; Baeumer, C.; Dohmann, H.; Frekers, D.; Hollstein, S.; Rakers, S.; Thies, J. H. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster (Germany); Harakeh, M. N.; Berg, A. M. van den; Woertche, H. J. [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, NL-9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); Johansson, H.; Martinez-Pinedo, G.; Petermann, I.; Sieja, K.; Simon, H. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Langanke, K. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Nowacki, F. [Institut de Recherches Subatomiques, Universite Louis Pasteur, F-67037 Strasbourg (France); Popescu, L. [Vakgroep Subatomaire en Stralingsfysica, Universiteit Gent, B-9000 Gent (Belgium); Savran, D. [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, NL-9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Zilges, A. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2008-06-15

    The (d,{sup 2}He) charge-exchange reaction on the double-{beta} decay ({beta}{beta}) nucleus {sup 64}Zn has been studied at an incident energy of 183 MeV. The two protons in the {sup 1}S{sub 0} state (indicated as {sup 2}He) were both momentum analyzed and detected simultaneously by the BBS magnetic spectrometer and its position-sensitive detector. {sup 2}He spectra with a resolution of about 115 keV (FWHM) have been obtained allowing identification of many levels in the residual nucleus {sup 64}Cu with high precision. {sup 64}Zn is one of the rare cases undergoing a {beta}{beta} decay in {beta}{sup +} direction. In the experiment presented here, Gamow-Teller (GT{sup +}) transition strengths have been extracted. Together with the GT{sup -} transition strengths from {sup 64}Ni({sup 3}He,t) data to the same intermediate nucleus {sup 64}Cu, the nuclear matrix elements of the {beta}{beta} decay of {sup 64}Zn have been evaluated. Finally, the GT{sup {+-}} distributions are compared with shell-model calculations and a critical assessment is given of the various residual interactions presently employed for the pf shell.

  4. First search for double beta decay of platinum by ultra-low background HP Ge gamma spectrometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Belli; R. Bernabei; F. Cappella; R. Cerulli; F. A. Danevich; A. Di Marco; A. Incicchitti; M. Laubenstein; S. S. Nagorny; S. Nisi; O. G. Polischuk; V. I. Tretyak

    2011-04-29

    A search for double beta processes in 190Pt and 198Pt was realized with the help of ultra-low background HP Ge 468 cm^3 gamma spectrometer in the underground Gran Sasso National Laboratories of the INFN (Italy). After 1815 h of data taking with 42.5 g platinum sample, T_{1/2} limits on 2beta processes in 190Pt (\\epsilon\\beta^+ and 2\\epsilon) have been established on the level of 10^{14}-10^{16} yr, 3 to 4 orders of magnitude higher than those known previously. In particular, a possible resonant double electron capture in 190Pt was restricted on the level of 2.9 \\times 10^{16} yr at 90% C.L. In addition, T_{1/2} limit on 2 beta^- decay of 198Pt (2\

  5. GraXe, graphene and xenon for neutrinoless double beta decay searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. J. Gomez-Cadenas; F. Guinea; M. M. Fogler; M. I. Katsnelson; J. Martin-Albo; F. Monrabal; J. Muñoz-Vidal

    2012-02-23

    We propose a new detector concept, GraXe (to be pronounced as grace), to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in Xe-136. GraXe combines a popular detection medium in rare-event searches, liquid xenon, with a new, background-free material, graphene. In our baseline design of GraXe, a sphere made of graphene-coated titanium mesh and filled with liquid xenon (LXe) enriched in the Xe-136 isotope is immersed in a large volume of natural LXe instrumented with photodetectors. Liquid xenon is an excellent scintillator, reasonably transparent to its own light. Graphene is transparent over a large frequency range, and impermeable to the xenon. Event position could be deduced from the light pattern detected in the photosensors. External backgrounds would be shielded by the buffer of natural LXe, leaving the ultra-radiopure internal volume virtually free of background. Industrial graphene can be manufactured at a competitive cost to produce the sphere. Enriching xenon in the isotope Xe-136 is easy and relatively cheap, and there is already near one ton of enriched xenon available in the world (currently being used by the EXO, KamLAND-Zen and NEXT experiments). All the cryogenic know-how is readily available from the numerous experiments using liquid xenon. An experiment using the GraXe concept appears realistic and affordable in a short time scale, and its physics potential is enormous.

  6. Radiopurity assessment of the tracking readout for the NEXT double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Cebrián; J. Pérez; I. Bandac; L. Labarga; V. Álvarez; A. I. Barrado; A. Bettini; F. I. G. M. Borges; M. Camargo; S. Cárcel; A. Cervera; C. A. N. Conde; E. Conde; T. Dafni; J. Díaz; R. Esteve; L. M. P. Fernandes; M. Fernández; P. Ferrario; A. L. Ferreira; E. D. C. Freitas; V. M. Gehman; A. Goldschmidt; J. J. Gómez-Cadenas; D. González-Díaz; R. M. Gutiérrez; J. Hauptman; J. A. Hernando Morata; D. C. Herrera; I. G. Irastorza; A. Laing; I. Liubarsky; N. López-March; D. Lorca; M. Losada; G. Luzón; A. Marí; J. Martín-Albo; A. Martínez; G. Martínez-Lema; T. Miller; F. Monrabal; M. Monserrate; C. M. B. Monteiro; F. J. Mora; L. M. Moutinho; J. Muñoz Vidal; M. Nebot-Guinot; D. Nygren; C. A. B. Oliveira; A. Ortiz de Solórzano; J. L. Pérez Aparicio; M. Querol; J. Renner; L. Ripoll; J. Rodríguez; F. P. Santos; J. M. F. dos Santos; L. Serra; D. Shuman; A. Simón; C. Sofka; M. Sorel; J. F. Toledo; J. Torrent; Z. Tsamalaidze; J. F. C. A. Veloso; J. A. Villar; R. C. Webb; J. T. White; N. Yahlali

    2015-06-15

    The Neutrino Experiment with a Xenon Time-Projection Chamber (NEXT) is intended to investigate the neutrinoless double beta decay of 136Xe, which requires a severe suppression of potential backgrounds; therefore, an extensive screening and selection process is underway to control the radiopurity levels of the materials to be used in the experimental set-up of NEXT. The detector design combines the measurement of the topological signature of the event for background discrimination with the energy resolution optimization. Separate energy and tracking readout planes are based on different sensors: photomultiplier tubes for calorimetry and silicon multi-pixel photon counters for tracking. The design of a radiopure tracking plane, in direct contact with the gas detector medium, was specially challenging since the needed components like printed circuit boards, connectors, sensors or capacitors have typically, according to available information in databases and in the literature, activities too large for experiments requiring ultra-low background conditions. Here, the radiopurity assessment of tracking readout components based on gamma-ray spectroscopy using ultra-low background germanium detectors at the Laboratorio Subterraneo de Canfranc (Spain) is described. According to the obtained results, radiopure enough printed circuit boards made of kapton and copper, silicon photomultipliers and other required components, fulfilling the requirement of an overall background level in the region of interest of at most 8 10-4 counts keV-1 kg-1 y-1, have been identified.

  7. Radon and material radiopurity assessment for the NEXT double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Cebrián; J. Pérez; I. Bandac; L. Labarga; V. Álvarez; A. I. Barrado; A. Bettini; F. I. G. M. Borges; M. Camargo; S. Cárcel; A. Cervera; C. A. N. Conde; E. Conde; T. Dafni; J. Díaz; R. Esteve; L. M. P. Fernandes; M. Fernández; P. Ferrario; E. D. C. Freitas; L. M. P. Fernandes; V. M. Gehman; A. Goldschmidt; J. J. Gómez-Cadenas; D. González-Díaz; R. M. Gutiérrez; J. Hauptman; J. A. Hernando Morata; D. C. Herrera; I. G. Irastorza; A. Laing; I. Liubarsky; N. López-March; D. Lorca; M. Losada; G. Luzón; A. Marí; J. Martín-Albo; A. Martínez; G. Martínez-Lema; T. Miller; F. Monrabal; M. Monserrate; C. M. B. Monteiro; F. J. Mora; L. M. Moutinho; J. Muñoz Vidal; M. Nebot-Guinot; D. Nygren; C. A. B. Oliveira; A. Ortiz de Solórzano; J. L. Pérez Aparicio; M. Querol; J. Renner; L. Ripoll; J. Rodríguez; F. P. Santos; J. M. F. dos Santos; L. Serra; D. Shuman; A. Simón; C. Sofka; M. Sorel; J. F. Toledo; J. Torrent; Z. Tsamalaidze; J. F. C. A. Veloso; J. A. Villar; R. C. Webb; J. T. White; N. Yahlali

    2015-05-26

    The Neutrino Experiment with a Xenon TPC (NEXT), intended to investigate the neutrinoless double beta decay using a high-pressure xenon gas TPC filled with Xe enriched in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory in Spain, requires ultra-low background conditions demanding an exhaustive control of material radiopurity and environmental radon levels. An extensive material screening process is underway for several years based mainly on gamma-ray spectroscopy using ultra-low background germanium detectors in Canfranc but also on mass spectrometry techniques like GDMS and ICPMS. Components from shielding, pressure vessel, electroluminescence and high voltage elements and energy and tracking readout planes have been analyzed, helping in the final design of the experiment and in the construction of the background model. The latest measurements carried out will be presented and the implication on NEXT of their results will be discussed. The commissioning of the NEW detector, as a first step towards NEXT, has started in Canfranc; in-situ measurements of airborne radon levels were taken there to optimize the system for radon mitigation and will be shown too.

  8. White Paper on the Majorana Zero-Neutrino Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Majorana collaboration

    2003-11-13

    The objective of the Majorana Experiment is to study neutrinoless double beta decay (0nbb) with an effective Majorana-neutrino mass sensitivity below 50 meV in order to characterize the Majorana nature of the neutrino, the Majorana mass spectrum, and the absolute mass scale. An experimental study of the neutrino mass scale implied by neutrino oscillation results is now technically within our grasp. This exciting physics goal is best pursued using the well-established technique of searching for 0nbb of 76Ge, augmented with recent advances in signal processing and detector design. The Majorana Experiment will consist of a large mass of 76Ge in the form of high-resolution intrinsic germanium detectors located deep underground within a low-background shielding environment. Observation of a sharp peak at the bb endpoint will quantify the 0nbb half-life and thus the effective Majorana mass of the electron neutrino. In addition to the modest R&D program, we present here an overview of the entire project in order to help put in perspective the scope, the low level of technical risk, and the readiness of the Collaboration to immediately begin the undertaking.

  9. GraXe, graphene and xenon for neutrinoless double beta decay searches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gómez-Cadenas, J.J.; Martín-Albo, J.; Monrabal, F.; Vidal, J. Muñoz [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC and Universitat de Valencia, Calle Catedrático José Beltrán, 2, 46980 Valencia (Spain); Guinea, F. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM), CSIC, Calle Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Fogler, M.M. [Department of Physics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Katsnelson, M.I., E-mail: gomez@mail.cern.ch, E-mail: paco.guinea@icmm.csic.es, E-mail: mfogler@ucsd.edu, E-mail: katsnel@sci.kun.nl, E-mail: justo.martin-albo@ific.uv.es, E-mail: francesc.monrabal@ific.uv.es, E-mail: jmunoz@ific.uv.es [Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University Nijmegen, Heijendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen (Netherlands)

    2012-02-01

    We propose a new detector concept, GraXe (to be pronounced as grace), to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in {sup 136}XE. GraXe combines a popular detection medium in rare-event searches, liquid xenon, with a new, background-free material, graphene. In our baseline design of GraXe, a sphere made of graphene-coated titanium mesh and filled with liquid xenon (LXe) enriched in the {sup 136}XE isotope is immersed in a large volume of natural LXe instrumented with photodetectors. Liquid xenon is an excellent scintillator, reasonably transparent to its own light. Graphene is transparent over a large frequency range, and impermeable to the xenon. Event position could be deduced from the light pattern detected in the photosensors. External backgrounds would be shielded by the buffer of natural LXe, leaving the ultra-radiopure internal volume virtually free of background. Industrial graphene can be manufactured at a competitive cost to produce the sphere. Enriching xenon in the isotope {sup 136}XE is easy and relatively cheap, and there is already near one ton of enriched xenon available in the world (currently being used by the EXO, KamLAND-Zen and NEXT experiments). All the cryogenic know-how is readily available from the numerous experiments using liquid xenon. An experiment using the GraXe concept appears realistic and affordable in a short time scale, and its physics potential is enormous.

  10. New generation of double beta decay experiments: are there any limitations?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barabash, A. S. [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, 117259 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2011-12-16

    New generation of experiments to search for neutrinoless double beta decay with sensitivity to effective Majorana neutrino mass on the level of {approx}3-5 meV is discussed. Possible restrictions in achievement of this sensitivity such as: possibility to produce large amount of enriched isotopes, possibility to reach of a very low level of background, energy resolution and possible cost of experiments are considered. It is shown that for realization of so ambitious project 10 tons (or more) of enriched isotope is required. Background index should be on the level {<=}10{sup -5}-10{sup -6} c/kg{center_dot}keV{center_dot}y. In addition, the energy resolution of the detector should be no worse than 1-2%. It is shown that {sup 130}TeO{sub 2} low temperature bolometer could be the most realistic candidate for such an experiment. Under certain conditions experiments with {sup 76}Ge, {sup 100}Mo and {sup 136}Xe can be realized too.

  11. Direct Search for Right-handed Neutrinos and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takehiko Asaka; Shintaro Eijima

    2013-08-16

    We consider an extension of the Standard Model by two right-handed neutrinos, especially with masses lighter than charged $K$ meson. This simple model can realize the seesaw mechanism for neutrino masses and also the baryogenesis by flavor oscillations of right-handed neutrinos. We summarize the constraints on right-handed neutrinos from direct searches as well as the big bang nucleosynthesis. It is then found that the possible range for the quasi-degenerate mass of right-handed neutrinos is $M_N \\geq 163 \\MeV$ for normal hierarchy of neutrino masses, while $M_N = 188 \\text{--} 269 \\MeV$ and $M_N \\geq 285 \\MeV$ for inverted hierarchy case. Furthermore, we find in the latter case that the possible value of the Majorana phase is restricted for $M_N = 188 \\text{--} 350 \\MeV$, which leads to the fact that the rate of neutrinoless double beta decay is also limited.

  12. The MGDO software library for data analysis in Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Agostini; J. A. Detwiler; P. Finnerty; K. Kröninger; D. Lenz; J. Liu; M. G. Marino; R. Martin; K. D. Nguyen; L. Pandola; A. G. Schubert; O. Volynets; P. Zavarise

    2011-11-30

    The GERDA and Majorana experiments will search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of germanium-76 using isotopically enriched high-purity germanium detectors. Although the experiments differ in conceptual design, they share many aspects in common, and in particular will employ similar data analysis techniques. The collaborations are jointly developing a C++ software library, MGDO, which contains a set of data objects and interfaces to encapsulate, store and manage physical quantities of interest, such as waveforms and high-purity germanium detector geometries. These data objects define a common format for persistent data, whether it is generated by Monte Carlo simulations or an experimental apparatus, to reduce code duplication and to ease the exchange of information between detector systems. MGDO also includes general-purpose analysis tools that can be used for the processing of measured or simulated digital signals. The MGDO design is based on the Object-Oriented programming paradigm and is very flexible, allowing for easy extension and customization of the components. The tools provided by the MGDO libraries are used by both GERDA and Majorana.

  13. Role of short range correlations on nuclear matrix elements of neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandra, R. [Department of Applied Physics, B. B. Ambedkar University, Lucknow - 226025 (India); Chaturvedi, K. [Department of Physics, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi-284128 (India); Rath, P. K. [Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007 (India); Raina, P. K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar, Rupnagar - 140001, Punjab (India)

    2011-11-23

    Employing four different parametrization of the pairing plus multipolar type of effective two-body interaction and three different parametrizations of Jastrow-type of short range correlations, the uncertainties in the nuclear transition matrix elements due to the exchange of light as well as heavy Majorana neutrino for the 0{sup +}{yields}0{sup +} transition of neutrinoless positron {beta}{beta} decay are estimated in the PHFB model.

  14. Critical view to ''IGEX {sup 76}Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment: Prospects for next generation experiments''

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, H.V.; Dietz, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Krivosheina, I. V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Radiophysical-Research Institute, Nishnii-Novgorod (Russian Federation)

    2004-10-01

    Recently, a paper entitled 'The IGEX {sup 76}Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment: Prospects for next generation experiments' has been published [Phys. Rev. D 65, 092007 (2002)]. In view of the recently reported evidence for neutrinoless double-beta decay [Mod. Phys. Lett. A 16, 2409 (2001).; Found. Phys. 31, 1181 (2002); Phys. Lett. B 586, 198 (2004).], it is particularly unfortunate that the IGEX paper is rather incomplete in its presentation. We would like to point out in this Comment that and why it would be highly desirable to make more details about the experimental conditions and the analysis of IGEX available. We list some of the main points, which require further explanation. We also point to an arithmetic mistake in the analysis of the IGEX data, the consequence of which are too high half-life limits given in that paper.

  15. Neutrinoless double-{beta} decay of deformed nuclei within quasiparticle random-phase approximation with a realistic interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang Dongliang; Faessler, Amand; Rodin, Vadim; Simkovic, Fedor [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); BLTP, JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation) and Department of Nuclear Physics, Comenius University, SK-842 15 Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2011-03-15

    In this paper a microscopic approach to calculation of the nuclear matrix element M{sup 0{nu}} for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay with an account for nuclear deformation is presented in length and applied for {sup 76}Ge, {sup 150}Nd, and {sup 160}Gd. The proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation with a realistic residual interaction (the Brueckner G matrix derived from the charge-depending Bonn nucleon-nucleon potential) is used as the underlying nuclear structure model. The effects of the short-range correlations and the quenching of the axial vector coupling constant g{sub A} are analyzed. The results suggest that neutrinoless double-{beta} decay of {sup 150}Nd, to be measured soon by the SNO+ Collaboration, may provide one of the best probes of the Majorana neutrino mass. This confirms our preliminary conclusion in Fang et al. [Phys. Rev. C 82, 051301(R) (2010)].

  16. Search for neutrinoless double beta decay with the NEMO-3 detector : First results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Lalanne

    2005-09-06

    The NEMO 3 detector has been running since February 2003 with several double beta emitters. New results are given for Mo100, Se82, Nd150, Zr96, Ca48. The NEMO 3 detector properties are presented for tracking reconstruction, identification of particles, energy measurement. Angular distributions for one and two electrons are produced as well as energy spectra. It is deduced new values of half lives for the double beta emitters and stronger limits on the effective neutrino mass using data on Mo100 and Se82.

  17. Pulse shape analysis in segmented detectors as a technique for background reduction in Ge double-beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. R. Elliott; V. M. Gehman; K. Kazkaz; D-M. Mei; A. R. Young

    2005-09-20

    The need to understand and reject backgrounds in Ge-diode detector double-beta decay experiments has given rise to the development of pulse shape analysis in such detectors to discern single-site energy deposits from multiple-site deposits. Here, we extend this analysis to segmented Ge detectors to study the effectiveness of combining segmentation with pulse shape analysis to identify the multiplicity of the energy deposits.

  18. Majorana Neutrinos, Neutrino Mass Spectrum and the || ~ 0.001 eV Frontier in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Pascoli; S. T. Petcov

    2007-11-30

    If future neutrino oscillation experiments show that the neutrino mass spectrum is with normal ordering, m1 | > 0.01 eV give negative results, the next frontier in the quest for neutrinoless double beta-decay will correspond to || ~ 0.001 eV. Assuming that massive neutrinos are Majorana particles and their exchange is the dominant mechanism generating neutrinoless double beta-decay, we analise the conditions under which ||, in the case of three neutrino mixing and neutrino mass spectrum with normal ordering, would satisfy || > 0.001 eV. We consider the specific cases of i) normal hierarchical neutrino mass spectrum, ii) of relatively small value of the CHOOZ angle theta13 as well as iii) the general case of spectrum with normal ordering, partial hierarchy and a value of theta13 close to the existing upper limit. We study the ranges of the lightest neutrino mass m1 and/or of sin^2 theta13, for which ||> 0.001 eV and discuss the phenomenological implications of such scenarios. We provide also an estimate of || when the three neutrino masses and the neutrino mixing originate from neutrino mass term of Majorana type for the (left-handed) flavour neutrinos and m1 Ue1^2 + m2 U_e2^2 + m3 Ue3^2 =0, but there does not exist a symmetry which forbids the neutrinoless double beta-decay.

  19. Can one measure nuclear matrix elements of neutrinoless double {beta} decay?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodin, Vadim; Faessler, Amand [Institute fuer Theoretische Physik der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    2009-10-15

    By making use of the isospin conservation by strong interaction, the Fermi 0{nu}{beta}{beta} nuclear matrix element M{sub F}{sup 0{nu}} is transformed to acquire the form of an energy-weighted double Fermi transition matrix element. This useful representation allows reconstruction of the total M{sub F}{sup 0{nu}} provided a small isospin-breaking Fermi matrix element between the isobaric analog state in the intermediate nucleus and the ground state of the daughter nucleus could be measured, e.g., by charge-exchange reactions. Such a measurement could set a scale for the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} nuclear matrix elements and help to discriminate between the different nuclear structure models in which calculated M{sub F}{sup 0{nu}} may differ by as much as a factor of 5 (that translates to about 20% difference in the total M{sup 0{nu}})

  20. Performance of ZnMoO4 crystal as cryogenic scintillating bolometer to search for double beta decay of molybdenum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Gironi; C. Arnaboldi; J. W. Beeman; O. Cremonesi; F. A. Danevich; V. Ya. Degoda; L. I. Ivleva; L. L. Nagornaya; M. Pavan; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; V. I. Tretyak; I. A. Tupitsyna

    2010-10-01

    Zinc molybdate (ZnMoO4) single crystals were grown for the first time by the Czochralski method and their luminescence was measured under X ray excitation in the temperature range 85-400 K. Properties of ZnMoO4 crystal as cryogenic low temperature scintillator were checked for the first time. Radioactive contamination of the ZnMoO4 crystal was estimated as <0.3 mBq/kg (228-Th) and 8 mBq/kg (226-Ra). Thanks to the simultaneous measurement of the scintillation light and the phonon signal, the alpha particles can be discriminated from the gamma/beta interactions, making this compound extremely promising for the search of neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 100-Mo. We also report on the ability to discriminate the alpha-induced background without the light measurement, thanks to a different shape of the thermal signal that characterizes gamma/beta and alpha particle interactions.

  1. Nuclear Structure Relevant to Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay: the Valence Protons in 76Ge and 76Se

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. P. Kay; J. P. Schiffer; S. J. Freeman; T. Adachi; J. A. Clark; C. M. Deibel; H. Fujita; Y. Fujita; P. Grabmayr; K. Hatanaka; D. Ishikawa; H. Matsubara; Y. Meada; H. Okamura; K. E. Rehm; Y. Sakemi; Y. Shimizu; H. Shimoda; K. Suda; Y. Tameshige; A. Tamii; C. Wrede

    2008-10-22

    The possibility of observing neutrinoless double beta decay offers the opportunity of determining the effective neutrino mass if the nuclear matrix element were known. Theoretical calculations are uncertain and the occupations of valence orbits by nucleons active in the decay are likely to be important. The occupation of valence proton orbits in the ground states of 76Ge, a candidate for such decay, and 76Se, the corresponding daughter nucleus, were determined by precisely measuring cross sections for proton-removing transfer reactions. As in previous work on neutron occupations, we find that the Fermi surface for protons is much more diffuse than previously thought, and the occupancies of at least three orbits change significantly between the two 0+ ground states.

  2. Nuclear structure relevant to neutrinoless double {beta} decay : the valence protons in {sup 76}Ge and {sup 76}Se.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kay, B. P.; Schiffer, J. P.; Freeman, S. J.; Adachi, T.; Clark, J. A.; Deibel, C. M.; Fujita, H.; Fujita, Y.; Grabmayr, P.; Hatanaka, K.; Ishikawa, D.; Matsubara, H.; Meada, Y.; Okamura, H.; Rehm, K. E.; Sakemi, T.; Shimizu, Y.; Shimoda, H.; Suda, K.; Tameshige, Y.; Tamii, A.; Wrede, C.; Univ. of Manchester; Osaka Univ.; Yale Univ.; Univ. of Tuebingen; Miyazaki Univ.; Tohoku Univ.; Univ. of Tokyo; Kyushu Univ.

    2009-01-01

    The possibility of observing neutrinoless double {beta} decay offers the opportunity of determining the effective neutrino mass if the nuclear matrix element were known. Theoretical calculations are uncertain, and the occupation of valence orbits by nucleons active in the decay is likely to be important. The occupation of valence proton orbits in the ground states of {sup 76}Ge, a candidate for such decay, and {sup 76}Se, the corresponding daughter nucleus, is determined by precisely measuring cross sections for proton-removing transfer reactions. As in previous work on neutron occupation, we find that the Fermi surface for protons is much more diffuse than previously thought, and the occupancies of at least three orbits change significantly between the two 0{sup +} ground states.

  3. Nuclear structure relevant to neutrinoless double {beta} decay: The valence protons in {sup 76}Ge and {sup 76}Se

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kay, B. P.; Schiffer, J. P.; Rehm, K. E. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Freeman, S. J. [University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Adachi, T.; Fujita, H.; Hatanaka, K.; Ishikawa, D.; Matsubara, H.; Okamura, H.; Suda, K.; Tameshige, Y.; Tamii, A. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Clark, J. A.; Deibel, C. M.; Wrede, C. [Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Fujita, Y. [Department of Physics, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 567-0043 (Japan); Grabmayr, P. [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Meada, Y. [Department of Applied Physics, Miyazaki University, Miyazaki 889-2192 (Japan); Sakemi, Y. [Cyclotron Radioisotope Center, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan)] (and others)

    2009-02-15

    The possibility of observing neutrinoless double {beta} decay offers the opportunity of determining the effective neutrino mass if the nuclear matrix element were known. Theoretical calculations are uncertain, and the occupation of valence orbits by nucleons active in the decay is likely to be important. The occupation of valence proton orbits in the ground states of {sup 76}Ge, a candidate for such decay, and {sup 76}Se, the corresponding daughter nucleus, is determined by precisely measuring cross sections for proton-removing transfer reactions. As in previous work on neutron occupation, we find that the Fermi surface for protons is much more diffuse than previously thought, and the occupancies of at least three orbits change significantly between the two 0{sup +} ground states.

  4. CALDER - Neutrinoless double-beta decay identification in TeO$_2$ bolometers with kinetic inductance detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. S. Battistelli; F. Bellini; C. Bucci; M. Calvo; L. Cardani; N. Casali; M. G. Castellano; I. Colantoni; A Coppolecchia; C. Cosmelli; A. Cruciani; P. de Bernardis; S. Di Domizio; A. D'Addabbo; M. Martinez; S. Masi; L. Pagnanini; C. Tomei; M. Vignati

    2015-05-19

    Next-generation experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay must be sensitive to a Majorana neutrino mass as low as 10 meV. CUORE, an array of 988 TeO$_2$ bolometers being commissioned at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy, features an expected sensitivity of 50-130 meV at 90% C.L, that can be improved by removing the background from $\\alpha$ radioactivity. This is possible if, in coincidence with the heat release in a bolometer, the Cherenkov light emitted by the $\\beta$ signal is detected. The amount of light detected is so far limited to only 100 eV, requiring low-noise cryogenic light detectors. The CALDER project (Cryogenic wide-Area Light Detectors with Excellent Resolution) aims at developing a small prototype experiment consisting of TeO$_2$ bolometers coupled to new light detectors based on kinetic inductance detectors. The R&D is focused on the light detectors that could be implemented in a next-generation neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment.

  5. The Majorana Demonstrator: Progress towards showing the feasibility of a 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finnerty, P.; Aguayo, Estanislao; Amman, M.; Avignone, Frank T.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Barton, P. J.; Beene, Jim; Bertrand, F.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, Matthew; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Christofferson, Cabot-Ann; Collar, J. I.; Combs, Dustin C.; Cooper, R. J.; Detwiler, Jason A.; Doe, P. J.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, S. R.; Esterline, James H.; Fast, James E.; Fields, N.; Fraenkle, Florian; Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Gehman, Victor M.; Giovanetti, G. K.; Green, M.; Guiseppe, Vincente; Gusey, K.; Hallin, A. L.; Hazama, R.; Henning, Reyco; Hoppe, Eric W.; Horton, Mark; Howard, Stanley; Howe, M. A.; Johnson, R. A.; Keeter, K.; Kidd, M. F.; Knecht, A.; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; LaFerriere, Brian D.; Leon, Jonathan D.; Leviner, L.; Loach, J. C.; Looker, Q.; Luke, P.; MacMullin, S.; Marino, Michael G.; Martin, R. D.; Merriman, Jason H.; Miller, M. L.; Mizouni, Leila; Nomachi, Masaharu; Orrell, John L.; Overman, Nicole R.; Perumpilly, Gopakumar; Phillips, David; Poon, Alan; Radford, D. C.; Rielage, Keith; Robertson, R. G. H.; Ronquest, M. C.; Schubert, Alexis G.; Shima, T.; Shirchenko, M.; Snavely, Kyle J.; Steele, David; Strain, J.; Timkin, V.; Tornow, Werner; Varner, R. L.; Vetter, Kai; Vorren, Kris R.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Yakushev, E.; Yaver, Harold; Young, A.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Yumatov, Vladimir

    2014-03-24

    The Majorana Demonstrator will search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay (0*) of the 76Ge isotope with a mixed array of enriched and natural germanium detectors. The observation of this rare decay would indicate the neutrino is its own anti-particle, demonstrate that lepton number is not conserved, and provide information on the absolute mass-scale of the neutrino. The Demonstrator is being assembled at the 4850 foot level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota. The array will be contained in a lowbackground environment and surrounded by passive and active shielding. The goals for the Demonstrator are: demonstrating a background rate less than 3 counts tonne -1 year-1 in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) surrounding the 2039 keV 76Ge endpoint energy; establishing the technology required to build a tonne-scale germanium based double-beta decay experiment; testing the recent claim of observation of 0; and performing a direct search for lightWIMPs (3-10 GeV/c2).

  6. Shell Model Two Body Matrix Elements Calculations for the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of {sup 48}Ca

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neacsu, Andrei [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) 407 Atomistilor, Magurele-Bucharest 077125 (Romania)

    2010-11-24

    In this paper we present two Shell Model approaches for computing the two-body matrix elements involved in the neutrinoless double beta decay of {sup 48}Ca. One of the methods involves integration of the radial part over the momentum space, while the other only requires computations in the coordinate space. This has an influence in the complexity of the numerical approach and the necessary computation time. We will explain how this reflects into the obtained results, pointing out the advantages and the limitations of each method.

  7. Signal modeling of high-purity Ge detectors with a small read-out electrode and application to neutrinoless double beta decay search in Ge-76

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Agostini; C. A. Ur; D. Budjáš; E. Bellotti; R. Brugnera; C. M. Cattadori; A. di Vacri; A. Garfagnini; L. Pandola; S. Schönert

    2011-01-17

    The GERDA experiment searches for the neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge-76 using high-purity germanium detectors enriched in Ge-76. The analysis of the signal time structure provides a powerful tool to identify neutrinoless double beta decay events and to discriminate them from gamma-ray induced backgrounds. Enhanced pulse shape discrimination capabilities of "Broad Energy Germanium" detectors with a small read-out electrode have been recently reported. This paper describes the full simulation of the response of such a detector, including the Monte Carlo modeling of radiation interaction and subsequent signal shape calculation. A pulse shape discrimination method based on the ratio between the maximum current signal amplitude and the event energy applied to the simulated data shows quantitative agreement with the experimental data acquired with calibration sources. The simulation has been used to study the survival probabilities of the decays which occur inside the detector volume and are difficult to assess experimentally. Such internal decay events are produced by the cosmogenic radio-isotopes Ge-68 and Co-60 and the neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge-76. Fixing the experimental acceptance of the double escape peak of the 2.614 MeV photon to 90%, the estimated survival probabilities at Qbb = 2.039 MeV are (86+-3)% for Ge-76 neutrinoless double beta decays, (4.5+-0.3)% for the Ge-68 daughter Ga-68, and (0.9+0.4-0.2)% for Co-60 decays.

  8. Neganov-Luke amplified cryogenic light detectors for the background discrimination in neutrinoless double beta decay search with TeO$_{2}$ bolometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Willers; F. v. Feilitzsch; A. Giuliani; A. Gütlein; A. Münster; J. -C. Lanfranchi; L. Oberauer; W. Potzel; S. Roth; S. Schönert; M. v. Sivers; S. Wawoczny; A. Zöller

    2014-11-28

    We demonstrate that Neganov-Luke amplified cryogenic light detectors with Transition Edge Sensor read-out can be applied for the background suppression in cryogenic experiments searching for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{130}\\text{Te}$ with TeO$_{2}$ based bolometers. Electron and gamma induced events can be discriminated from $\\alpha$ events by detecting the Cherenkov light produced by the $\\beta$ particles emitted in the decay. We use the Cherenkov light produced by events in the full energy peak of $^{208}\\text{Tl}$ and by events from a $^{147}\\text{Sm}$ source to show that at the Q-value of the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{130}\\text{Te}$ ($Q_{\\beta \\beta} = 2.53 \\,\\text{MeV}$), a separation of $e^{-}/\\gamma$ events from $\\alpha$ events can be achieved on an event-by-event basis with practically no reduction in signal acceptance.

  9. Two decay paths for calculation of nuclear matrix element of neutrinoless double-beta decay using quasiparticle random-phase approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terasaki, Jun

    2015-01-01

    It is possible to employ virtual decay paths, including two-particle transfer, to calculate the nuclear matrix element of neutrinoless double-beta decay under the closure approximation, in addition to the true double-beta path. In the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA) approach, it is necessary to introduce the product wave functions of the like-particle and proton-neutron QRPA ground states, for achieving consistency between the calculations of the true and virtual paths. Using these different paths, the problem of whether or not these two methods give equivalent nuclear matrix elements (NME) is investigated. It is found that the two results are inequivalent, resulting from the different many-body correlations included in the two QRPA methods, i.e., the use of the product wave functions alone is not sufficient. The author proposes introduction of the proton-neutron pairing interaction with an adequate strength in the double-beta-path method, which carries less many-body correlations without this...

  10. High sensitivity double beta decay study of 116-Cd and 100-Mo with the BOREXINO Counting Test Facility (CAMEO project)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Bellini; B. Caccianiga; M. Chen; F. A. Danevich; M. G. Giammarchi; V. V. Kobychev; B. N. Kropivyansky; E. Meroni; L. Miramonti; A. S. Nikolayko; L. Oberauer; O. A. Ponkratenko; V. I. Tretyak; S. Yu. Zdesenko; Yu. G. Zdesenko

    2000-07-11

    The unique features (super-low background and large sensitive volume) of the CTF and BOREXINO set ups are used in the CAMEO project for a high sensitivity study of 100-Mo and 116-Cd neutrinoless double beta decay. Pilot measurements with 116-Cd and Monte Carlo simulations show that the sensitivity of the CAMEO experiment (in terms of the half-life limit for neutrinoless double beta decay) is (3-5) 10^24 yr with a 1 kg source of 100-Mo (116-Cd, 82-Se, and 150-Nd) and about 10^26 yr with 65 kg of enriched 116-CdWO_4 crystals placed in the liquid scintillator of the CTF. The last value corresponds to a limit on the neutrino mass of less than 0.06 eV. Similarly with 1000 kg of 116-CdWO_4 crystals located in the BOREXINO apparatus the neutrino mass limit can be pushed down to m_nu<0.02 eV.

  11. Direct link between neutrinoless double beta decay and leptogenesis in a seesaw model with S{sub 4} symmetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahn, Y. H. [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan (China); Kang, Sin Kyu [School of Liberal Arts, Seoul National Univ. of Technology, Seoul 139-743 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, C. S. [Department of Physics and IPAP, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Nguyen, T. Phong [Department of Physics and IPAP, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Cantho University, Cantho (Viet Nam)

    2010-11-01

    We study how leptogenesis can be implemented in a seesaw model with S{sub 4} flavor symmetry, which leads to the neutrino tribimaximal mixing matrix and degenerate right-handed (RH) neutrino spectrum. Introducing a tiny soft S{sub 4} symmetry breaking term in the RH neutrino mass matrix, we show that the flavored resonant leptogenesis can be successfully realized, which can lower the seesaw scale much so, as to make it possible to probe in colliders. Even though such a tiny soft breaking term is essential for leptogenesis, it does not significantly affect the low-energy observables. We also investigate how the effective light neutrino mass || associated with neutrinoless double beta decay can be predicted along with the neutrino mass hierarchies by imposing experimental data of low-energy observables. We find a direct link between leptogenesis and neutrinoless double beta decay characterized by || through a high energy CP phase {phi}, which is correlated with low-energy Majorana CP phases. It is shown that our predictions of || for some fixed parameters of high energy physics can be constrained by the current observation of baryon asymmetry.

  12. Explaining a CMS $eejj$ Excess With $\\mathcal{R}-$parity Violating Supersymmetry and Implications for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Allanach; Sanjoy Biswas; Subhadeep Mondal; Manimala Mitra

    2014-12-01

    A recent CMS search for the right handed gauge boson $W_R$ reports an interesting deviation from the Standard Model. The search has been conducted in the $eejj$ channel and has shown a 2.8$\\sigma$ excess around $m_{eejj} \\sim 2$ TeV. In this work, we explain the reported CMS excess with R-parity violating supersymmetry (SUSY). We consider resonant selectron and sneutrino production, followed by the three body decays of the neutralino and chargino via an $\\mathcal{R}-$parity violating coupling. We fit the excess for slepton masses around 2 TeV. The scenario can further be tested in neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\

  13. Search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of Mo 100 with the NEMO-3 detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John D. Baker; A. J. Caffrey

    2014-06-01

    We report the results of a search for the neutrinoless doubledecay (0?ßß ) of Mo 100 , using the NEMO-3 detector to reconstruct the full topology of the final state events. With an exposure of 34.7??kg·y , no evidence for the 0?ßß signal has been found, yielding a limit for the light Majorana neutrino mass mechanism of T 1/2 (0?ßß)>1.1×10 24 years (90% C.L.) once both statistical and systematic uncertainties are taken into account. Depending on the nuclear matrix elements this corresponds to an upper limit on the Majorana effective neutrino mass of ?m ? ?<0.3–0.9??eV (90% C.L.). Constraints on other lepton number violating mechanisms of 0?ßß decays are also given. Searching for high-energy double electron events in all suitable sources of the detector, no event in the energy region [3.2–10] MeV is observed for an exposure of 47??kg·y .

  14. Result of the search for neutrinoless double-$\\beta$ decay in $^{100}$Mo with the NEMO-3 experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, R; Baker, J D; Barabash, A S; Basharina-Freshville, A; Blondel, S; Blot, S; Bongrand, M; Brudanin, V; Busto, J; Caffrey, A J; Cerna, C; Chapon, A; Chauveau, E; Duchesneau, D; Durand, D; Egorov, V; Eurin, G; Evans, J J; Fajt, L; Filosofov, D; Flack, R; Garrido, X; Gómez, H; Guillon, B; Guzowski, P; Hodák, R; Hubert, P; Hugon, C; Jullian, S; Klimenko, A; Kochetov, O; Konovalov, S I; Kovalenko, V; Lalanne, D; Lang, K; Lemière, Y; Liptak, Z; Loaiza, P; Lutter, G; Mamedov, F; Marquet, C; Mauger, F; Morgan, B; Mott, J; Nemchenok, I; Nomachi, M; Nova, F; Nowacki, F; Ohsumi, H; Pahlka, R B; Perrot, F; Piquemal, F; Povinec, P; P?idal, P; Ramachers, Y A; Remoto, A; Reyss, J L; Richards, B; Riddle, C L; Rukhadze, E; Saakyan, R; Sarazin, X; Shitov, Yu; Simard, L; Simkovic, F; Smetana, A; Smolek, K; Smolnikov, A; Söldner-Rembold, S; Soulé, B; Štekl, I; Suhonen, J; Sutton, C S; Szklarz, G; Thomas, J; Timkin, V; Torre, S; Tretyak, Vl I; Tretyak, V I; Umatov, V I; Vanushin, I; Vilela, C; Vorobel, V; Waters, D; Žukauskas, A

    2015-01-01

    The NEMO-3 detector, which had been operating in the Modane Underground Laboratory from 2003 to 2010, was designed to search for neutrinoless double $\\beta$ ($0\

  15. Measurement of scintillation and ionization yield with high-pressure gaseous mixtures of Xe and TMA for improved neutrinoless double beta decay and dark matter searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakajima, Y; Matis, H S; Nygren, D; Oliveira, C; Renner, J

    2015-01-01

    Liquid Xe TPCs are among the most popular choices for double beta decay and WIMP dark matter searches. Gaseous Xe has intrinsic advantages when compared to Liquid Xe, specifically, tracking capability and better energy resolution for double beta decay searches. The performance of gaseous Xe can be further improved by molecular additives such as trimethylamine(TMA), which are expected to (1) cool down the ionization electrons, (2) convert Xe excitation energy to TMA ionizations through Penning transfer, and (3) produce scintillation and electroluminescence light in a more easily detectable wavelength (300 nm). These features may provide better tracking and energy resolution for double-beta decay searches. They are also expected to enhance columnar recombination for nuclear recoils, which can be used for searches for WIMP dark matter with directional sensitivity. We constructed a test ionization chamber and successfully measured scintillation and ionization yields at high precision with various Xe and TMA mixtu...

  16. Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbara S. Wang; Eric B. Norman; Nicholas D. Scielzo; Alan R. Smith; Keenan J. Thomas; Stephen A. Wender

    2015-03-06

    Flux-averaged cross sections for cosmogenic-neutron activation of natural tellurium were measured using a neutron beam containing neutrons of kinetic energies up to $\\sim$800 MeV, and having an energy spectrum similar to that of cosmic-ray neutrons at sea-level. Analysis of the radioisotopes produced reveals that 110mAg will be a dominant contributor to the cosmogenic-activation background in experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 130Te, such as CUORE and SNO+. An estimate of the cosmogenic-activation background in the CUORE experiment has been obtained using the results of this measurement and cross-section measurements of proton activation of tellurium. Additionally, the measured cross sections in this work are also compared with results from semi-empirical cross-section calculations.

  17. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: An R&D project towards a tonne-scale germanium neutrinoless double-beta decay search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyco Henning; for the MAJORANA Collaboration

    2009-07-09

    The MAJORANA collaboration is pursuing the development of the so-called MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR. The DEMONSTRATOR is intended to perform research and development towards a tonne-scale germanium-based experiment to search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of Ge-76. The DEMONSTRATOR can also perform a competitive direct dark matter search for light WIMPs in the 1-10 GeV/c^2 mass range. It will consist of approximately 60-kg of germanium detectors in an ultra-low background shield located deep underground at the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The DEMONSTRATOR will also perform background and technology studies, and half of the detector mass will be enriched germanium. This talk will review the motivation, design, technology and status of the DEMONSTRATOR.

  18. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: An R and D project towards a tonne-scale germanium neutrinoless double-beta decay search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aalseth, C. E.; Ely, J.; Fast, J. E.; Fuller, E.; Hoppe, E. W.; Keillor, M.; Kouzes, R. T.; Miley, H. S.; Orrell, J. L.; Thompson, R.; Warner, R. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Amman, M.; Bergevin, M.; Chan, Y.-D.; Detwiler, J. A.; Fujikawa, B.; Loach, J. C.; Luke, P. N.; Poon, A. W. P; Prior, G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States)] (and others)

    2009-12-17

    The MAJORANA collaboration is pursuing the development of the so-called MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR. The DEMONSTRATOR is intended to perform research and development towards a tonne-scale germanium-based experiment to search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of {sup 76}Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR can also perform a competitive direct dark matter search for light WIMPs in the 1-10 GeV/c{sup 2} mass range. It will consist of approximately 60 kg of germanium detectors in an ultra-low background shield located deep underground at the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The DEMONSTRATOR will also perform background and technology studies, and half of the detector mass will be enriched germanium. This talk will review the motivation, design, technology and status of the Demonstrator.

  19. Performance of a large TeO2 crystal as a cryogenic bolometer in searching for neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Cardani; L. Gironi; J. W. Beeman; I. Dafinei; Z. Ge; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; Y. Zhu

    2011-06-03

    Bolometers are ideal devices in the search for neutrinoless Double Beta Decay. Enlarging the mass of individual detectors would simplify the construction of a large experiment, but would also decrease the background per unit mass induced by alpha-emitters located close to the surfaces and background arising from external and internal gamma's. We present the very promising results obtained with a 2.13 kg TeO2 crystal. This bolometer, cooled down to a temperature of 10.5 mK in a dilution refrigerator located deep underground in the Gran Sasso National Laboratories, represents the largest thermal detector ever operated. The detector exhibited an energy resolution spanning a range from 3.9 keV (at 145 keV) to 7.8 keV (at the 2615 gamma-line of 208Tl) FWHM. We discuss the decrease in the background per unit mass that can be achieved increasing the mass of a bolometer.

  20. Radiative Corrections to Light Neutrino Masses in Low Scale Type I Seesaw Scenarios and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Pavon, J; Petcov, S T

    2015-01-01

    We perform a detailed analysis of the one-loop corrections to the light neutrino mass matrix within low scale type I seesaw extensions of the Standard Model and their implications in experimental searches for neutrinoless double beta decay. We show that a sizable contribution to the effective Majorana neutrino mass from the exchange of heavy Majorana neutrinos is always possible, provided one requires a fine-tuned cancellation between the tree-level and one-loop contribution to the light neutrino masses. We quantify the level of fine-tuning as a function of the seesaw parameters and introduce a generalisation of the Casas-Ibarra parametrization of the neutrino Yukawa matrix, which easily allows to include the one-loop corrections to the light neutrino masses.

  1. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: An R&D project towards a tonne-scale germanium neutrinoless double-beta decay search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aalseth, Craig E.; Amman, M.; Amsbaugh, John F.; Avignone, F. T.; Back, Henning O.; Barabash, A.; Barbeau, Phil; Beene, Jim; Bergevin, M.; Bertrand, F.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Bugg, William; Burritt, Tom H.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Collar, J. I.; Cooper, R. J.; Creswick, R.; Detwiler, Jason A.; Doe, P. J.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, Steven R.; Ely, James H.; Esterline, James H.; Farach, H. A.; Fast, James E.; Fields, N.; Finnerty, P.; Fujikawa, Brian; Fuller, Erin S.; Gehman, Victor; Giovanetti, G. K.; Guiseppe, Vincente; Gusey, K.; Hallin, A. L.; Hazama, R.; Henning, Reyco; Hime, Andrew; Hoppe, Eric W.; Hossbach, Todd W.; Howe, M. A.; Johnson, R. A.; Keeter, K.; Keillor, Martin E.; Keller, C.; Kephart, Jeremy D.; Kidd, Mary; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Lesko, Kevin; Leviner, L.; Loach, J. C.; Luke, P.; MacMullin, S.; Marino, Michael G.; Mei, Dong-Ming; Miley, Harry S.; Miller, M.; Mizouni, Leila K.; Montoya, A.; Myers, A. W.; Nomachi, Masaharu; Odom, Brian; Orrell, John L.; Phillips, D.; Poon, Alan; Prior, Gersende; Qian, J.; Radford, D. C.; Rielage, Keith; Robertson, R. G. H.; Rodriguez, Larry; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof P.; Schubert, Alexis G.; Shima, T.; Shirchenko, M.; Strain, J.; Thomas, K.; Thompson, Robert C.; Timkin, V.; Tornow, W.; Van Wechel, T. D.; Vanyushin, I.; Vetter, Kai; Warner, Ray A.; Wilkerson, J.; Wouters, Jan; Yakushev, E.; Young, A.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Yumatov, Vladimir; Zhang, C. L.; Zimmerman, S.

    2009-12-17

    The MAJORANA collaboration is pursuing the development of the so-called MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR. The DEMONSTRATOR is intended to perform research and development towards a tonne-scale germanium-based experiment to search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR can also perform a competitive direct dark matter search for light WIMPs in the 1?10GeV/c2 mass range. It will consist of approximately 60 kg. of germanium detectors in an ultra-low background shield located deep underground at the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The DEMONSTRATOR will also perform background and technology studies, and half of the detector mass will be enriched germanium. This talk will review the motivation, design, technology and status of the Demonstrator.

  2. Improved background rejection in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments using a magnetic field in a high pressure xenon TPC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renner, J; Hernando, J A; Imzaylov, A; Monrabal, F; Muñoz, J; Nygren, D; Gomez-Cadenas, J J

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate that the application of an external magnetic field could lead to an improved background rejection in neutrinoless double-beta (0nbb) decay experiments using a high pressure xenon (HPXe) TPC. HPXe chambers are capable of imaging electron tracks, a feature that enhances the separation between signal events (the two electrons emitted in the 0nbb decay of 136Xe) and background events, arising chiefly from single electrons of kinetic energy compatible with the end-point of the 0nbb decay (Qbb ). Applying an external magnetic field of sufficiently high intensity (in the range of 0.5-1 Tesla for operating pressures in the range of 5-15 atmospheres) causes the electrons to produce helical tracks. Assuming the tracks can be properly reconstructed, the sign (direction) of curvature can be determined at several points along these tracks, and such information can be used to separate signal (0nbb) events containing two electrons producing a track with two different directions of curvature from background (s...

  3. Discovery potential of xenon-based neutrinoless double beta decay experiments in light of small angular scale CMB observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez-Cadenas, J J; Vidal, J Muñoz; Peña-Garay, C

    2013-01-01

    The South Pole Telescope (SPT) has probed an expanded angular range of the CMB temperature power spectrum. Their recent analysis of the latest cosmological data prefers nonzero neutrino masses, mnu = 0.32+-0.11 eV. This result, if confirmed by the upcoming Planck data, has deep implications on the discovery of the nature of neutrinos. In particular, the values of the effective neutrino mass involved in neutrinoless double beta decay (bb0nu) are severely constrained for both the direct and inverse hierarchy, making a discovery much more likely. In this paper, we focus in xenon-based bb0nu experiments, on the double grounds of their good performance and the suitability of the technology to large-mass scaling. We show that the current generation, with effective masses in the range of 100 kg and conceivable exposures in the range of 500 kg year, could already have a sizable opportunity to observe bb0nu events, and their combined discovery potential is quite large. The next generation, with an exposure in the rang...

  4. Discovery potential of xenon-based neutrinoless double beta decay experiments in light of small angular scale CMB observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gómez-Cadenas, J.J.; Martín-Albo, J.; Vidal, J. Muñoz; Peña-Garay, C., E-mail: gomez@mail.cern.ch, E-mail: jmalbos@ific.uv.es, E-mail: jmunoz@ific.uv.es, E-mail: penya@ific.uv.es [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC and Universitat de Valencia Calle Catedrático José Beltrán, 2, 46090 Paterna, Valencia (Spain)

    2013-03-01

    The South Pole Telescope (SPT) has probed an expanded angular range of the CMB temperature power spectrum. Their recent analysis of the latest cosmological data prefers nonzero neutrino masses, with ?m{sub ?} = (0.32±0.11) eV. This result, if confirmed by the upcoming Planck data, has deep implications on the discovery of the nature of neutrinos. In particular, the values of the effective neutrino mass m{sub ??} involved in neutrinoless double beta decay (??0?) are severely constrained for both the direct and inverse hierarchy, making a discovery much more likely. In this paper, we focus in xenon-based ??0? experiments, on the double grounds of their good performance and the suitability of the technology to large-mass scaling. We show that the current generation, with effective masses in the range of 100 kg and conceivable exposures in the range of 500 kg·year, could already have a sizeable opportunity to observe ??0? events, and their combined discovery potential is quite large. The next generation, with an exposure in the range of 10 ton·year, would have a much more enhanced sensitivity, in particular due to the very low specific background that all the xenon technologies (liquid xenon, high-pressure xenon and xenon dissolved in liquid scintillator) can achieve. In addition, a high-pressure xenon gas TPC also features superb energy resolution. We show that such detector can fully explore the range of allowed effective Majorana masses, thus making a discovery very likely.

  5. Fundamental processes in the interacting boson model: 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iachello, F. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Sloane Physics Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States); Barea, J. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile)

    2011-05-06

    A program to calculate nuclear matrix elements for fundamental processes in the interacting boson model has been initiated. Results for the nuclear matrix elements in neutrinoless double beta decay 0{nu}{beta}{beta} are presented.

  6. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of Germanium-76 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search...

  7. Improved background rejection in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments using a magnetic field in a high pressure xenon TPC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Renner; A. Cervera; J. A. Hernando; A. Imzaylov; F. Monrabal; J. Muñoz; D. Nygren; J. J. Gomez-Cadenas

    2015-09-06

    We demonstrate that the application of an external magnetic field could lead to an improved background rejection in neutrinoless double-beta (0nbb) decay experiments using a high pressure xenon (HPXe) TPC. HPXe chambers are capable of imaging electron tracks, a feature that enhances the separation between signal events (the two electrons emitted in the 0nbb decay of 136Xe) and background events, arising chiefly from single electrons of kinetic energy compatible with the end-point of the 0nbb decay (Qbb ). Applying an external magnetic field of sufficiently high intensity (in the range of 0.5-1 Tesla for operating pressures in the range of 5-15 atmospheres) causes the electrons to produce helical tracks. Assuming the tracks can be properly reconstructed, the sign (direction) of curvature can be determined at several points along these tracks, and such information can be used to separate signal (0nbb) events containing two electrons producing a track with two different directions of curvature from background (single-electron) events producing a track that should spiral in a single direction. Due to electron multiple scattering, this strategy is not perfectly efficient on an event-by-event basis, but a statistical estimator can be constructed which can be used to reject background events by one order of magnitude at a moderate cost (approx. 30%) in signal efficiency. Combining this estimator with the excellent energy resolution and topological signature identification characteristic of the HPXe TPC, it is possible to reach a background rate of less than one count per ton-year of exposure. Such a low background rate is an essential feature of the next generation of 0nbb experiments, aiming to fully explore the inverse hierarchy of neutrino masses.

  8. Pulse shape discrimination studies with a Broad-Energy Germanium detector for signal identification and background suppression in the GERDA double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dušan Budjáš; Marik Barnabé Heider; Oleg Chkvorets; Nikita Khanbekov; Stefan Schönert

    2009-09-22

    First studies of event discrimination with a Broad-Energy Germanium (BEGe) detector are presented. A novel pulse shape method, exploiting the characteristic electrical field distribution inside BEGe detectors, allows to identify efficiently single-site events and to reject multi-site events. The first are typical for neutrinoless double beta decays (0-nu-2-beta) and the latter for backgrounds from gamma-ray interactions. The obtained survival probabilities of backgrounds at energies close to Q(76Ge) = 2039 keV are 0.93% for events from 60Co, 21% from 226Ra and 40% from 228Th. This background suppression is achieved with 89% acceptance of 228Th double escape events, which are dominated by single site interactions. Approximately equal acceptance is expected for 0-nu-2-beta-decay events. Collimated beam and Compton coincidence measurements demonstrate that the discrimination is largely independent of the interaction location inside the crystal and validate the pulse-shape cut in the energy range of Q(76Ge). The application of BEGe detectors in the GERDA and the Majorana double beta decay experiments is under study.

  9. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: Progress towards showing the feasibility of a tonne-scale 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Finnerty; E. Aguayo; M. Amman; F. T. Avignone. III; A. S. Barabash; P. J. Barton; J. R. Beene; F. E. Bertrand; M. Boswell; V. Brudanin; M. Busch; Y. -D. Chan; C. D. Christofferson; J. I. Collar; D. C. Combs; R. J. Cooper; J. A. Detwiler; P. J. Doe; Yu. Efremenko; V. Egorov; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; J. Esterline; J. E. Fast; N. Fields; F. M. Fraenkle; A. Galindo-Uribarri; V. M. Gehman; G. K. Giovanetti; M. P. Green; V. E. Guiseppe; K. Gusey; A. L. Hallin; R. Hazama; R. Henning; E. W. Hoppe; M. Horton; S. Howard; M. A. Howe; R. A. Johnson; K. J. Keeter; M. F. Kidd; A. Knecht; O. Kochetov; S. I. Konovalov; R. T. Kouzes; B. D. LaFerriere; J. Leon; L. E. Leviner; J. C. Loach; P. N. Luke; S. MacMullin; M. G. Marino; R. D. Martin; J. H. Merriman; M. L. Miller; L. Mizouni; M. Nomachi; J. L. Orrell; N. R. Overman; G. Perumpilly; D. G. Phillips. II; A. W. P. Poon; D. C. Radford; K. Rielage; R. G. H. Robertson; M. C. Ronquest; A. G. Schubert; T. Shima; M. Shirchenko; K. J. Snavely; D. Steele; J. Strain; V. Timkin; W. Tornow; R. L. Varner; K. Vetter; K. Vorren; J. F. Wilkerson; E. Yakushev; H. Yaver; A. R. Young; C-H. Yu. and. V. Yumatov.

    2012-10-09

    The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR will search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the 76Ge isotope with a mixed array of enriched and natural germanium detectors. The observation of this rare decay would indicate the neutrino is its own anti-particle, demonstrate that lepton number is not conserved, and provide information on the absolute mass-scale of the neutrino. The DEMONSTRATOR is being assembled at the 4850 foot level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota. The array will be contained in a low-background environment and surrounded by passive and active shielding. The goals for the DEMONSTRATOR are: demonstrating a background rate less than 3 t$^{-1}$ y$^{-1}$ in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) surrounding the 2039 keV 76Ge endpoint energy; establishing the technology required to build a tonne-scale germanium based double-beta decay experiment; testing the recent claim of observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay [H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus and I. V. Krivosheina, Mod. Phys. Lett. A21, 1547 (2006)]; and performing a direct search for light WIMPs (3-10 GeV).

  10. Deformed shell model results for neutrinoless double beta decay of nuclei in A=60-90 region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Sahu; V. K. B. Kota

    2015-03-20

    Nuclear transition matrix elements (NTME) for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{70}$Zn, $^{80}$Se and $^{82}$Se nuclei are calculated within the framework of the deformed shell model based on Hartree-Fock states. For $^{70}$Zn, jj44b interaction in $^{2}p_{3/2}$, $^{1}f_{5/2}$, $^{2}p_{1/2}$ and $^{1}g_{9/2}$ space with $^{56}$Ni as the core is employed. However, for $^{80}$Se and $^{82}$Se nuclei, a modified Kuo interaction with the above core and model space are employed. Most of our calculations in this region were performed with this effective interaction. However, jj44b interaction has been found to be better for $^{70}$Zn. The above model space was used in many recent shell model and interacting boson model calculations for nuclei in this region. After ensuring that DSM gives good description of the spectroscopic properties of low-lying levels in these three nuclei considered, the NTME are calculated. The deduced half-lives with these NTME, assuming neutrino mass is 1 eV, are $1.1 \\times 10^{26}$ yr, $2.3 \\times 10^{27}$ yr and $2.2 \\times 10^{24}$ yr for $^{70}$Zn, $^{80}$Se and $^{82}$Se, respectively.

  11. Half-lives of Double $?^+$-decay with Two Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuejiao Ren; Zhongzhou Ren

    2015-01-07

    Nuclear double $\\beta ^-$-decays with two neutrinos were observed for many years and a systematic law describing the relation between their half-lives and decay energies was also proposed recently [Phys. Rev. C89, 064603 (2014)]. However, double $\\beta ^+$-decay ($\\beta ^+\\beta^+)$ with emission of both two positrons and two neutrinos has not been observed up to date. In this article, we perform a systematic analysis on the candidates of double $\\beta ^+$-decay, based on the 2012 nuclear mass table. Eight nuclei are found to be the good candidates for double $\\beta ^+$-decay and their half-lives are predicted according to the generalization of the systematic law to double $\\beta ^+$-decay. As far as we know, there is no theoretical result on double $\\beta ^+$-decay of nucleus $^{154}Dy$ and our result is the first prediction on this nucleus. This is also the first complete research on eight double $\\beta ^+$-decay candidates based on the available data of nuclear masses. It is expected that the calculated half-lives of double $\\beta ^+$-decay in this article will be useful for future experimental search of double $\\beta ^+$-decay.

  12. Identification of photons in double beta-decay experiments using segmented germanium detectors - studies with a GERDA Phase II prototype detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Abt; A. Caldwell; K. Kröninger; J. Liu; X. Liu; B. Majorovits

    2007-01-04

    The sensitivity of experiments searching for neutrinoless double beta-decay of germanium was so far limited by the background induced by external gamma-radiation. Segmented germanium detectors can be used to identify photons and thus reduce this background component. The GERmanium Detector Array, GERDA, will use highly segmented germanium detectors in its second phase. The identification of photonic events is investigated using a prototype detector. The results are compared with Monte Carlo data.

  13. The MAJORANA 76Ge neutrino less double-beta decay project: A brief update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. T. Avignone III; for the Majorana Collaboration

    2007-11-29

    At present, MAJORANA is a research and development (R&D) project to investigate the feasibility and cost of constructing and operating a one ton decay experiment with ~1000 kg of Ge detectors fabricated from germanium enriched to 86% in . The study will include three separate cryostats with various types of detectors: un-segmented, un-segmented point-contact, minimally segmented, and highly segmented. One cryostat will contain at least 30 kg of enriched (preferably point-contact) detectors. The performance of the cryostats and detectors as well as background levels will be investigated. The goal of the demonstrator project is to reach a discovery sensitivity of ~ 1026 y.

  14. IMPROVING THE PHYSICS IMPACT OF NEXT-GENERATION 76GE NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE-BETA DECAY EXPERIMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossbach, Todd W.

    2009-06-01

    Summary and Conclusions - It was shown that segmentation and pulse-shape discrimination can improve the discovery sensitivity of a next-gen 0vBB-decay experiment by 90%. - However, when practical aspects are considered (such as instrumenting each segment with front-end electronics), the discovery sensitivity is decreased by 19%. - This has extremely important consequences to proposed next-gen experiments since the two active collaborations have strongly advocated the use of segmented detectors for all or part of the experiment. - New germanium detector technology, currently under development, has demonstrated excellent multi-site background rejection capabilities without the complexity of segmentation or complicated PSD algorithms. - The physically-segmented p-type germanium detector technology has proven to be a useful and practical tool in modern nuclear physics. The PSEG technology deserves further development as it has the potential for use in a variety of applications.

  15. Neutrino masses, dominant neutrinoless double beta decay, and observable lepton flavor violation in left-right models and SO(10) grand unification with low mass $\\bf W_R, Z_R$ bosons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ram Lal Awasthi; M. K. Parida; Sudhanwa Patra

    2013-08-07

    While the detection of $W_R$-boson at the Large Hadron Collider is likely to resolve the mystery of parity violation in weak interaction, observation of neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\

  16. Characterization of Nuclear Recoils in High Pressure Xenon Gas: Towards a Simultaneous Search for WIMP Dark Matter and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Renner, J.; Gehman, V. M.; Goldschmidt, A.; Oliveira, C. A.B.; Nygren, D.

    2015-03-24

    Xenon has recently been the medium of choice in several large scale detectors searching for WIMP dark matter and neutrinoless double beta decay. Though present-day large scale experiments use liquid xenon, the gas phase offers advantages favorable to both types of searches such as improved intrinsic energy resolution and fewer fluctuations in the partition of deposited energy between scintillation and ionization channels. We recently constructed a high pressure xenon gas TPC as a prototype for the NEXT (Neutrino Experiment with a Xenon TPC) neutrinoless double beta decay experiment and have demonstrated the feasibility of 0.5% FWHM energy resolution at themore »136Xe double beta Q-value with 3-D tracking capabilities. We now present results from this prototype on the simultaneous observation of scintillation and ionization produced by nuclear recoils at approximately 14 bar pressure. The recoils were produced by neutrons of approximately 2-6 MeV emitted from a radioisotope plutonium-beryllium source, and primary scintillation (S1) and electroluminescent photons produced by ionization (S2) were observed. We discuss the potential of gaseous xenon to distinguish between electron and nuclear recoils through the ratio of these two signals S2/S1. From these results combined with the possibility of using columnar recombination to sense nuclear recoil directionality at high pressures we envision a dual-purpose, ton-scale gaseous xenon detector capable of a combined search for WIMP dark matter and neutrinoless double beta decay. This work has been performed within the context of the NEXT collaboration.« less

  17. Characterization of Nuclear Recoils in High Pressure Xenon Gas: Towards a Simultaneous Search for WIMP Dark Matter and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renner, J.; Gehman, V. M.; Goldschmidt, A.; Oliveira, C. A.B.; Nygren, D.

    2015-03-24

    Xenon has recently been the medium of choice in several large scale detectors searching for WIMP dark matter and neutrinoless double beta decay. Though present-day large scale experiments use liquid xenon, the gas phase offers advantages favorable to both types of searches such as improved intrinsic energy resolution and fewer fluctuations in the partition of deposited energy between scintillation and ionization channels. We recently constructed a high pressure xenon gas TPC as a prototype for the NEXT (Neutrino Experiment with a Xenon TPC) neutrinoless double beta decay experiment and have demonstrated the feasibility of 0.5% FWHM energy resolution at the 136Xe double beta Q-value with 3-D tracking capabilities. We now present results from this prototype on the simultaneous observation of scintillation and ionization produced by nuclear recoils at approximately 14 bar pressure. The recoils were produced by neutrons of approximately 2-6 MeV emitted from a radioisotope plutonium-beryllium source, and primary scintillation (S1) and electroluminescent photons produced by ionization (S2) were observed. We discuss the potential of gaseous xenon to distinguish between electron and nuclear recoils through the ratio of these two signals S2/S1. From these results combined with the possibility of using columnar recombination to sense nuclear recoil directionality at high pressures we envision a dual-purpose, ton-scale gaseous xenon detector capable of a combined search for WIMP dark matter and neutrinoless double beta decay. This work has been performed within the context of the NEXT collaboration.

  18. XAX: a multi-ton, multi-target detection system for dark matter, double beta decay and pp solar neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Arisaka; H. Wang; P. F. Smith; D. Cline; A. Teymourian; E. Brown; W. Ooi; D. Aharoni; C. W. Lam; K. Lung; S. Davies; M. Price

    2009-01-07

    A multi-target detection system XAX, comprising concentric 10 ton targets of 136Xe and 129/131Xe, together with a geometrically similar or larger target of liquid Ar, is described. Each is configured as a two-phase scintillation/ionization TPC detector, enhanced by a full 4pi array of ultra-low radioactivity Quartz Photon Intensifying Detectors (QUPIDs) replacing the conventional photomultipliers for detection of scintillation light. It is shown that background levels in XAX can be reduced to the level required for dark matter particle (WIMP) mass measurement at a 10^-10 pb WIMP-nucleon cross section, with single-event sensitivity below 10^-11 pb. The use of multiple target elements allows for confirmation of the A^2 dependence of a coherent cross section, and the different Xe isotopes provide information on the spin-dependence of the dark matter interaction. The event rates observed by Xe and Ar would modulate annually with opposite phases from each other for WIMP mass >~100 GeV/c^2. The large target mass of 136Xe and high degree of background reduction allow neutrinoless double beta decay to be observed with lifetimes of 10^27-10^28 years, corresponding to the Majorana neutrino mass range 0.01-0.1 eV, the most likely range from observed neutrino mass differences. The use of a 136Xe-depleted 129/131Xe target will also allow measurement of the pp solar neutrino spectrum to a precision of 1-2%.

  19. Double Beta Decay

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB PacketDieselAbsorption Techniques | Stanford Synchrotron

  20. Neutrinoless Double Phys 135c Spring 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golwala, Sunil

    Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Phys 135c Spring 2007 Michael Mendenhall #12;Theory Overview #12 beta decays #12;neutrinoless double beta decays n e- p beta decay e #12;neutrinoless double beta decays n e- p beta decay e n e- p n e- p double beta decay e e #12;neutrinoless double beta decays n e- p

  1. 0v{beta}{beta} decay: theoretical nuclear matrix elements and their covariances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lisi, Eligio [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari (Italy)

    2009-11-09

    Within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA), the covariances associated to the nuclear matrix elements (NME) of neutrinoless double beta decay (0v{beta}{beta}) are estimated. It is shown that correlated NME uncertainties play an important role in the comparison of 0v{beta}{beta} decay rates for different nuclei, both in the standard case of light Majorana neutrino exchange, and in nonstandard physics cases.

  2. Implications of the Diboson Excess for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Lepton Flavor Violation in TeV Scale Left Right Symmetric Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awasthi, Ram Lal; Mitra, Manimala

    2015-01-01

    Inspired by the recent diboson excess observed at the LHC and possible interpretation within a TeV-scale Left-Right symmetric framework, we explore its implications for low-energy experiments searching for lepton number and flavor violation. Assuming a simple Type-II seesaw mechanism for neutrino masses, we show that for the right-handed (RH) gauge boson mass and coupling values required to explain the LHC anomalies, the RH contribution to the lepton number violating process of neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\

  3. Performances of a large mass ZnMoO4 scintillating bolometer for a next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Beeman; F. Bellini; C. Brofferio; L. Cardani; N. Casali; O. Cremonesi; I. Dafinei; S. Di Domizio; F. Ferroni; E. Gorello; E. N. Galashov; L. Gironi; S. S. Nagorny; F. Orio; M. Pavan; L. Pattavina; G. Pessina; G. Piperno; S. Pirro; E. Previtali; C. Rusconi; V. N. Shlegel; C. Tomei; M. Vignati

    2012-07-02

    We present the performances of a 330 g zinc molybdate (ZnMoO4) crystal working as scintillating bolometer as a possible candidate for a next generation experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 100Mo. The energy resolution, evaluated at the 2615 keV gamma-line of 208Tl, is 6.3 keV FWHM. The internal radioactive contaminations of the ZnMoO4 were evaluated as <6 microBq/kg (228Th) and 27\\pm6 microBq/kg (226Ra). We also present the results of the alpha vs beta/gamma discrimination, obtained through the scintillation light as well as through the study of the shape of the thermal signal alone.

  4. Dilepton events with displaced vertices, double beta decay, and resonant leptogenesis with Type-II seesaw dominance, TeV scale $Z'$ and RH neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nayak, Bidyut Prava

    2015-01-01

    In a class of Type-II seesaw dominated $SO(10)$ models proposed recently with heavy neutrinos, extra $Z'$ boson, and resonant leptogenesis, at first we show that the lightest first generation sterile neutrino that mediates dominant contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay also generates the displaced vertex leading to verifiable like-sign di-electron as well as di-muon production events outside the LHC detectors having suppressed standard model back-ground and missing energy. Resonant leptogenesis in this case is implemented by a pair of quasi-degenerate sterile neutrinos of the second and the third generations having masses of ${\\cal O}(500)$ GeV. Then we predict a new alternative scenario where the models allow the second generation sterile neutrino mass to be ${\\cal O}(10)$ GeV capable of mediating the dominant double beta decay as well as the displaced vertices for significantly improved number of like-sign dilepton events in different channels. Resonant leptogenesis in this alternative scenario is...

  5. Systematic study of nuclear matrix elements in neutrinoless double-beta decay with a beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Yao; L. S. Song; K. Hagino; P. Ring; J. Meng

    2015-01-29

    We report a systematic study of nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) in neutrinoless double-beta decays with a state-of-the-art beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory. The dynamic effects of particle-number and angular-momentum conservations as well as quadrupole shape fluctuations are taken into account with projections and generator coordinate method for both initial and final nuclei. The full relativistic transition operator is adopted to calculate the NMEs. The present systematic studies show that in most of the cases there is a much better agreement with the previous non-relativistic calculation based on the Gogny force than in the case of the nucleus $^{150}$Nd found in Song et al. [Phys. Rev. C 90, 054309 (2014)]. In particular, we find that the total NMEs can be well approximated by the pure axial-vector coupling term with a considerable reduction of the computational effort.

  6. Aboveground test of an advanced Li$_2$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometer to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bekker, T B; Danevich, F A; Degoda, V Ya; Giuliani, A; Grigorieva, V D; Ivannikova, N V; Mancuso, M; de Marcillac, P; Moroz, I M; Nones, C; Olivieri, E; Pessina, G; Poda, D V; Shlegel, V N; Tretyak, V I; Velazquez, M

    2014-01-01

    Large lithium molybdate (Li$_2$MoO$_4$) crystal boules were produced by using the low thermal gradient Czochralski growth technique from deeply purified molybdenum. A small sample from one of the boules was preliminary characterized in terms of X-ray-induced and thermally-excited luminescence. A large cylindrical crystalline element (with a size of $\\oslash 40\\times40$ mm) was used to fabricate a scintillating bolometer, which was operated aboveground at $\\sim 15$ mK by using a pulse-tube cryostat housing a high-power dilution refrigerator. The excellent detector performance in terms of energy resolution and $\\alpha$ background suppression along with preliminary positive indications on the radiopurity of this material show the potentiality of Li$_2$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometers for low-counting experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo.

  7. Nuclear beta-decay measurements and |Vud|

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dan Melconian

    2011-08-11

    Some recent work in nuclear beta decay related to the value of |Vud| is described along with some near-term goals for future measurements.

  8. First forbidden beta decay in light nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Millener, D.J.; Warburton, E.K.

    1984-01-01

    Beta decay matrix elements for the operators sigma dot del and sigma dot r are calculated for eight J/sup +/ ..-->.. J/sup -/ or J/sup -/ ..-->.. J/sup +/ beta transitions. Results using harmonic oscillator wave functions differ markedly from those using more realistic Woods-Saxon wave functions. A substantial contribution to the sigma dot del matrix elements from pion exchange currents is required to reproduce the experimental beta decay rates. 15 references.

  9. Nuclear structure aspects of neutrinoless {beta}{beta} decay: limits on the electron neutrino mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Civitarese, O. [Department of Physics. University of La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Suhonen, J. [Department of Physics. University of Jyvaeskyla, (Finland)

    2007-02-12

    We discuss some features of the nuclear structure elements participant in the calculation of the mass sector of the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay, and the consequences upon the adopted limits of the electron-neutrino mass.

  10. Results on Dark Matter and beta beta decay modes by DAMA at Gran Sasso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Bernabei

    2007-05-21

    DAMA is an observatory for rare processes and it is operative deep underground at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory of the I.N.F.N. (LNGS). Here some arguments will be presented on the investigation on dark matter particles by annual modulation signature and on some of the realized double beta decay searches.

  11. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 89, 064308 (2014) Chiral two-body currents and neutrinoless double-decay in the quasiparticle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    - + (A,Z +2)+2e- . (2) Also it is interesting the neutrinoless double beta decay with majoron emission (0

  12. Symmetry violations in nuclear and neutron $\\beta$ decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vos, K K; Timmermans, R G E

    2015-01-01

    The role of $\\beta$ decay as a low-energy probe of physics beyond the Standard Model is reviewed. Traditional searches for deviations from the Standard Model structure of the weak interaction in $\\beta$ decay are discussed in the light of constraints from the LHC and the neutrino mass. Limits on the violation of time-reversal symmetry in $\\beta$ decay are compared to the strong constraints from electric dipole moments. Novel searches for Lorentz symmetry breaking in the weak interaction in $\\beta$ decay are also included, where we discuss the unique sensitivity of $\\beta$ decay to test Lorentz invariance. We end with a roadmap for future $\\beta$-decay experiments.

  13. GERDA, a GERmanium Detector Array for the search for neutrinoless {beta}{beta} decay in 76Ge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pandola, L.; Tomei, C. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, S.S. 17 bis km 18.910, 67010 Assergi (AQ) (Italy)

    2006-07-11

    The GERDA project, searching for neutrinoless double beta-decay of 76Ge with enriched germanium detectors submerged in a cryogenic bath, has been approved for installation at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory (LNGS), Italy. The GERDA technique is aiming at a dramatic reduction of the background due to radioactive contaminations of the materials surrounding the detectors. This will lead to a sensitivity of about 1026 years on the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay. Already in the first phase of the experiment, GERDA will be able to investigate with high statistical significance the claimed evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge based on the data of the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment.

  14. AMoRE: Collaboration for searches for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the isotope of {sup 100}Mo with the aid of {sup 40}Ca{sup 100}MoO{sub 4} as a cryogenic scintillation detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khanbekov, N. D., E-mail: xanbekov@gmail.com [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

    2013-09-15

    The AMoRE (Advanced Mo based Rare process Experiment) Collaboration is planning to employ {sup 40}Ca{sup 100}MoO{sub 4} single crystals as a cryogenic Scintillation detector for studying the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the isotope {sup 100}Mo. A simultaneous readout of phonon and scintillation signals is performed in order to suppress the intrinsic background. The planned sensitivity of the experiment that would employ 100 kg of {sup 40}Ca{sup 100}MoO{sub 4} over five years of data accumulation would be T{sub 1/2}{sup 0{nu}} = 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 26} yr, which corresponds to values of the effective Majorana neutrino mass in the range of Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket m{sub {nu}} Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket {approx} 0.02-0.06 eV.

  15. Excitation functions of proton-induced reactions on natural Nd and production of radionuclides relevant for double beta decay: Completing measurement in 5-35 MeV energy range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebeda, O; Petzoldt, J; Stursa, J; Zdychova, V; Zuber, K

    2015-01-01

    Cross-sections for the proton-induced reactions on natural neodymium in energy regions 5-10 MeV and 30-35 MeV were measured using the cyclotron U-120M at the Nuclear Physics Institute at Rez near Prague. This measurement completes the investigation previously done in the 10-30 MeV energy range. Results revealed practical production thresholds and secondary maxima and minima in the excitation functions. It allowed for more appropriate calculation of thick target yields and production rates of many longer-lived radionuclides potentially disturbing the search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Measured cross-sections are consistent with our previously published data.

  16. Excitation functions of proton-induced reactions on natural Nd and production of radionuclides relevant for double beta decay: Completing measurement in 5-35 MeV energy range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Lebeda; V. Lozza; J. Petzoldt; J. Stursa; V. Zdychova; K. Zuber

    2015-04-16

    Cross-sections for the proton-induced reactions on natural neodymium in energy regions 5-10 MeV and 30-35 MeV were measured using the cyclotron U-120M at the Nuclear Physics Institute at Rez near Prague. This measurement completes the investigation previously done in the 10-30 MeV energy range. Results revealed practical production thresholds and secondary maxima and minima in the excitation functions. It allowed for more appropriate calculation of thick target yields and production rates of many longer-lived radionuclides potentially disturbing the search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Measured cross-sections are consistent with our previously published data.

  17. High precision measurements of Na-26 beta(-) decay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grinyer, GF; Svensson, CE; Andreoiu, C.; Andreyev, AN; Austin, RAE; Ball, GC; Chakrawarthy, RS; Finlay, P.; Garrett, PE; Hackman, G.; Hardy, John C.; Hyland, B.; Iacob, VE; Koopmans, KA; Kulp, WD; Leslie, JR; Macdonald, JA; Morton, AC; Ormand, WE; Osborne, CJ; Pearson, CJ; Phillips, AA; Sarazin, F.; Schumaker, MA; Scraggs, HC; Schwarzenberg, J.; Smith, MB; Valiente-Dobon, JJ; Waddington, JC; Wood, JL; Zganjar, EF.

    2005-01-01

    High-precision measurements of the half-life and beta-branching ratios for the beta(-) decay of Na-26 to Mg-26 have been measured in beta-counting and gamma-decay experiments, respectively. A 4 pi proportional counter and fast tape transport system...

  18. Beta decay rates for nuclei with 115 nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamales Kar; Soumya Chakravarti; V. R. Manfredi

    2006-03-19

    For r-process nucleosynthesis the beta decay rates for a number of neutron-rich intermediate heavy nuclei are calculated. The model for the beta strength function is able to reproduce the observed half~lives quite well.

  19. A Large Scale Double Beta and Dark Matter Experiment: GENIUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Hellmig; H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus

    1998-01-21

    The recent results from the HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW experiment have demonstrated the large potential of double beta decay to search for new physics beyond the Standard Model. To increase by a major step the present sensitivity for double beta decay and dark matter search much bigger source strengths and much lower backgrounds are needed than used in experiments under operation at present or under construction. We present here a study of a project proposed recently, which would operate one ton of 'naked' enriched GErmanium-detectors in liquid NItrogen as shielding in an Underground Setup (GENIUS). It improves the sensitivity to neutrino masses to 0.01 eV. A ten ton version would probe neutrino masses even down to 10^-3 eV. The first version would allow to test the atmospheric neutrino problem, the second at least part of the solar neutrino problem. Both versions would allow in addition significant contributions to testing several classes of GUT models. These are especially tests of R-parity breaking supersymmetry models, leptoquark masses and mechanism and right-handed W-boson masses comparable to LHC. The second issue of the experiment is the search for dark matter in the universe. The entire MSSM parameter space for prediction of neutralinos as dark matter particles could be covered already in a first step of the full experiment - with the same purity requirements but using only 100 kg of 76Ge or even of natural Ge - making the experiment competitive to LHC in the search for supersymmetry. The layout of the proposed experiment is discussed and the shielding and purity requirements are studied using GEANT Monte Carlo simulations. As a demonstration of the feasibility of the experiment first results of operating a 'naked' Ge detector in liquid nitrogen are presented.

  20. Energy Density Functional Study of Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless {beta}{beta} Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Tomas R. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64259 Darmstadt (Germany); Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); CEA, Irfu, SPhN, Centre de Saclay, F-911191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Martinez-Pinedo, Gabriel [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64259 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2010-12-17

    We present an extensive study of nuclear matrix elements (NME) for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the nuclei {sup 48}Ca, {sup 76}Ge, {sup 82}Se, {sup 96}Zr, {sup 100}Mo, {sup 116}Cd, {sup 124}Sn, {sup 128}Te, {sup 130}Te, {sup 136}Xe, and {sup 150}Nd based on state-of-the-art energy density functional methods using the Gogny D1S functional. Beyond-mean-field effects are included within the generating coordinate method with particle number and angular momentum projection for both initial and final ground states. We obtain a rather constant value for the NMEs around 4.7 with the exception of {sup 48}Ca and {sup 150}Nd, where smaller values are found. We analyze the role of deformation and pairing in the evaluation of the NME and present detailed results for the decay of {sup 150}Nd.

  1. On the neutrinoless double ?{sup +}/EC decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suhonen, Jouni

    2013-12-30

    The neutrinoless double positron-emission/electron-capture (0??{sup +}/EC) decays are studied for the magnitudes of the involved nuclear matrix elements (NMEs). Decays to the ground state, 0{sub gs}{sup +}, and excited 0{sup +} states are discussed. The participant many-body wave functions are evaluated in the framework of the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA). Effective, G-matrix-derived nuclear forces are used in realistic single-particle model spaces. The channels ?{sup +}?{sup +}, ?{sup +}EC, and the resonant neutrinoless double electron capture (R0?ECEC) are discussed.

  2. Fermi Beta-Decay - Masses of Mg-22, Si-26, S-30 and Ar-34 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardy, John C.; Schmeing, H.; Benenson, W.; Crawley, G. M.; Kashy, E.; Nann, H.

    1974-01-01

    mono-energetic beam of neutrons aimed at high-pressure gaseous xenon (HPXe) in a time projection chamber (TPC). This work demonstrates the viability of future low mass dark matter WIMP and other rare event searches (e.g. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay...

  3. R and D of crystal scintillators from enriched isotopes for high sensitivity double ? decay experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danevich, F. A. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Kyiv (Ukraine)

    2013-12-30

    Experiments to search for neutrinoless double beta decay enters to a new phase when a sensitivity on the level of T{sub 1/2}?10{sup 26}?10{sup 28} yr is required. Scintillating low temperature detectors possess important properties required for high-sensitivity double beta decay experiments: presence of elements of interest, high energy resolution and detection efficiency, low level of background thanks to excellent particle discrimination ability. High concentration of isotope of interest and as low as possible radioactive contamination are important requirements to crystal scintillators. Other crucial issues are maximal output of detectors and minimal loss of enriched materials. Prospects of several scintillation materials, enriched in isotopes promising for double beta decay experiments, are discussed.

  4. Calculated final state probability distributions for T2 -decay measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.6.1 Neutrinoless double beta decay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.6.2 Cosmological

  5. The Decay of the Neutron or Beta Decay, the Big Bang, and the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Decay of the Neutron or Beta Decay, the Big Bang, and the Left-Handed Universe Apr 03 2014 01:00 PM - 02:30 PM Geoffrey L. Greene Physics Division, ORNL Research Accelerator...

  6. Branching ratios for the beta decay of Na-21 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Goodwin, J.; Nica, N.; Park, H. I.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Zhai, Y.; Towner, I. S.

    2006-01-01

    We have measured the beta-decay branching ratio for the transition from Na-21 to the first excited state of Ne-21. A recently published test of the standard model, which was based on a measurement of the beta-nu correlation ...

  7. New Limit on Time-Reversal Violation in Beta Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mumm, H. P.; Chupp, T. E.; Cooper, R. L.; Coulter, K. P.; Freedman, S. J.; Fujikawa, B. K.; Garcia, A.; Jones, G. L.; Nico, J. S.; Thompson, A. K.; Trull, C. A.; Wietfeldt, F. E.; Wilkerson, J. F.

    2011-09-02

    We report the results of an improved determination of the triple correlation DP{center_dot}(p{sub e}xp{sub v}) that can be used to limit possible time-reversal invariance in the beta decay of polarized neutrons and constrain extensions to the standard model. Our result is D=[-0.96{+-}1.89(stat){+-}1.01(sys)]x10{sup -4}. The corresponding phase between g{sub A} and g{sub V} is {phi}{sub AV}=180.013 deg. {+-}0.028 deg. (68% confidence level). This result represents the most sensitive measurement of D in nuclear {beta} decay.

  8. Concerning the variability of beta-decay measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Sturrock; E. Fischbach; A. Parkhomov; J. D. Scargle; G. Steinitz

    2015-10-20

    Many experiments have been carried out to study the beta-decay rates of a variety of nuclides, and many - but not all - of these experiments yield evidence of variability of these rates. While there is as yet no accepted theory to explain patterns in the results, a number of conjectures have been proposed. We discuss three prominent conjectures (which are not mutually exclusive) - that variability of beta-decay rates may be due to (a) environmental influences, (b) solar neutrinos, and (c) cosmic neutrinos. We find evidence in support of each of these conjectures.

  9. Forbidden unique beta-decays and neutrino mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dvornický, Rastislav [Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR Dubna, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region, Russian Federation and Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina F1, SK-84215 Bratislava (Slovakia); Šimkovic, Fedor [Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina F1, SK-84215 Bratislava, Slovakia and IEAP, Czech Technical University, CZ-128 00 Prague (Czech Republic)

    2013-12-30

    The measurement of the electron spectrum in beta-decays provides a robust direct determination of the values of neutrino masses. The planned rhenium beta-decay experiment, called the “Microcalorimeter Arrays for a Rhenium Experiment” (MARE), might probe the absolute mass scale of neutrinos with the same sensitivity as the Karlsruhe tritium neutrino mass (KATRIN) experiment, which is expected to collect data in a near future. In this contribution we discuss the spectrum of emitted electrons close to the end point in the case of the first unique forbidden beta-decay of {sup 79}Se, {sup 107}Pd and {sup 187}Re. It is found that the p{sub 3/2}-wave emission dominates over the s{sub 1/2}-wave. It is shown that the Kurie plot near the end point is within a good accuracy linear in the limit of massless neutrinos like the Kurie plot of the superallowed beta-decay of {sup 3}H.

  10. Imperfect World of $??$-decay Nuclear Data Sets?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Pritychenko

    2015-03-11

    The precision of double-beta ($\\beta\\beta$) decay experimental half-lives and their uncertainties is reevaluated. A complementary analysis of the decay uncertainties indicates deficiencies due to small size of statistical samples, and incomplete collection of experimental information. Further experimental and theoretical efforts would lead toward more precise values of $\\beta\\beta$-decay half-lives and nuclear matrix elements.

  11. Beta-decay measurements of neutron-deficient cesium isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parry, R.F.

    1983-03-01

    Beta decay endpoint energy measurements of the neutron deficient cesium isotopes were done using an energy spectrum shape fitting technique. This was a departure from the typical method of endpoint energy analysis, the Fermi-Kurie plot. A discussion of the shape fitting procedure and its improved features are discussed. These beta endpoint measurements have led to total decay energies (Q/sub EC/) of the neutron deficient /sup 119/ /sup 123/Cs isotopes. The total decay energies of /sup 122m/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 6.95 +- 0.25 MeV) and /sup 119/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 6.26 +- 0.29 MeV) were new measurements. The total decay energies of /sup 123/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 4.05 +- 0.18 MeV), /sup 122g/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 7.05 +- 0.18 MeV), /sup 121/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 5.21 +- 0.22 MeV), and /sup 120/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 7.38 +- 0.23 MeV) were measurements with significantly improved uncertainties as compared to the literature. Further, a combination of the energy levels derived from previous literature gamma-gamma coincident measurements and the experimental beta-coincident gamma decay energies has supported an improved level scheme for /sup 121/Xe and the proposal of three new energy levels in /sup 119/Xe. Comparison of the experimental cesium mass excesses (determined with our Q/sub EC/ values and known xenon mass excesses) with both the literature and theoretical predicted values showed general agreement except for /sup 120/Cs. Possible explanations for this deviation are discussed.

  12. Decoding {beta}-decay systematics: A global statistical model for {beta}{sup -} half-lives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costiris, N. J.; Mavrommatis, E.; Gernoth, K. A.; Clark, J. W. [Physics Department, Division of Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics, University of Athens, GR-15771 Athens (Greece); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Johannes-Kepler-Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria) and School of Physics and Astronomy, Schuster Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences and Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Complexo Interdisciplinar, Centro de Mathematica e Aplicacoes Fundamentals, University of Lisbon, 1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal) and Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, 1096 Lisbon (Portugal)

    2009-10-15

    Statistical modeling of nuclear data provides a novel approach to nuclear systematics complementary to established theoretical and phenomenological approaches based on quantum theory. Continuing previous studies in which global statistical modeling is pursued within the general framework of machine learning theory, we implement advances in training algorithms designed to improve generalization, in application to the problem of reproducing and predicting the half-lives of nuclear ground states that decay 100% by the {beta}{sup -} mode. More specifically, fully connected, multilayer feed-forward artificial neural network models are developed using the Levenberg-Marquardt optimization algorithm together with Bayesian regularization and cross-validation. The predictive performance of models emerging from extensive computer experiments is compared with that of traditional microscopic and phenomenological models as well as with the performance of other learning systems, including earlier neural network models as well as the support vector machines recently applied to the same problem. In discussing the results, emphasis is placed on predictions for nuclei that are far from the stability line, and especially those involved in r-process nucleosynthesis. It is found that the new statistical models can match or even surpass the predictive performance of conventional models for {beta}-decay systematics and accordingly should provide a valuable additional tool for exploring the expanding nuclear landscape.

  13. Inner bremsstrahlung accompanying. beta. decay of /sup 147/Pm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babu, B.R.S.; Basavaraju, A.; Venkataramaiah, P.; Gopala, K.; Sanjeeviah, H.

    1985-09-01

    The inner bremsstrahlung spectrum associated with the nonunique first-forbidden ..beta.. decay of /sup 147/Pm was measured employing the magnetic deflection method with a 4.5 x 5.1 cm/sup 2/ NaI(Tl) scintillation spectrometer in the energy region 30--200 keV. The contribution due to the 121 keV source gamma ray line was subtracted by normalizing its peak with that of the 122 keV /sup 57/Co gamma ray pulse height distribution recorded in the same experimental setup. The raw spectrum was unfolded following Liden and Starfelt and compared with theoretical spectral distributions. The measured spectral distribution does not match any of the theories in any part of the investigated energy region.

  14. Direct mass measurements of cadmium and palladium isotopes and their double-beta transition Q-values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Smorra; T. Beyer; K. Blaum; M. Block; Ch. E. Düllmann; K. Eberhardt; M. Eibach; S. Eliseev; Sz. Nagy; W. Nörtershäuser; D. Renisch

    2012-01-31

    The Q-value of the double-electron capture in Cd-108 has been determined to be (272.04 +/- 0.55) keV in a direct measurement with the double-Penning trap mass spectrometer TRIGA-TRAP. Based on this result a resonant enhancement of the decay rate of Cd-108 is excluded. We have confirmed the double-beta transition Q-values of Cd-106 and Pd-110 recently measured with the Penning-trap mass spectrometers SHIPTRAP and ISOLTRAP, respectively. Furthermore, the atomic masses of the involved nuclides Cd-106, Cd-108, Cd-110, Pd-106, Pd-108 and Pd-110 have been directly linked to the atomic mass standard.

  15. Result of the search for neutrinoless double-$?$ decay in $^{100}$Mo with the NEMO-3 experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Arnold; C. Augier; J. D. Baker; A. S. Barabash; A. Basharina-Freshville; S. Blondel; S. Blot; M. Bongrand; V. Brudanin; J. Busto; A. J. Caffrey; S. Calvez; C. Cerna; J. P. Cesar; A. Chapon; E. Chauveau; D. Duchesneau; D. Durand; V. Egorov; G. Eurin; J. J. Evans; L. Fajt; D. Filosofov; R. Flack; X. Garrido; H. Gómez; B. Guillon; P. Guzowski; R. Hodák; A. Huber; P. Hubert; C. Hugon; S. Jullian; A. Klimenko; O. Kochetov; S. I. Konovalov; V. Kovalenko; D. Lalanne; K. Lang; Y. Lemière; T. Le Noblet; Z. Liptak; P. Loaiza; G. Lutter; F. Mamedov; C. Marquet; F. Mauger; B. Morgan; J. Mott; I. Nemchenok; M. Nomachi; F. Nova; F. Nowacki; H. Ohsumi; R. B. Pahlka; F. Perrot; F. Piquemal; P. Povinec; P. P?idal; Y. A. Ramachers; A. Remoto; J. L. Reyss; B. Richards; C. L. Riddle; E. Rukhadze; R. Saakyan; X. Sarazin; Yu. Shitov; L. Simard; F. Simkovic; A. Smetana; K. Smolek; A. Smolnikov; S. Söldner-Rembold; B. Soulé; I. Štekl; J. Suhonen; C. S. Sutton; G. Szklarz; J. Thomas; V. Timkin; S. Torre; Vl. I. Tretyak; V. I. Tretyak; V. I. Umatov; I. Vanushin; C. Vilela; V. Vorobel; D. Waters; A. Žukauskas

    2015-10-22

    The NEMO-3 detector, which had been operating in the Modane Underground Laboratory from 2003 to 2010, was designed to search for neutrinoless double $\\beta$ ($0\

  16. 137 Ba Double Gamma Decay Measurement with GAMMASPHERE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merchán, E.; Moran, K.; Lister, C. J.; Chowdhury, P.; McCutchan, E. A.; Greene, J. P.; Zhu, S.; Lauritsen, T.; Carpenter, M. P.; Shearman, R.

    2015-05-28

    The study of the electromagnetic moments (EM), and decay probability, provides detailed information about nuclear wave functions. The well-know properties of EM interactions are good for extracting information about the motion of nucleons. Higher order EM processes always occur, but are usually too weak to be measured. In the case of a 0+ ? 0+ transitions, where a single gamma transition is forbidden, the simultaneous emission of two ?-rays has been studied. An interesting opportunity to further investigate 2-photon emission phenomena is by using a standard 137Cs source populating, via ?-decay, the J? = 11/2- isomeric state at 662 keV in 137Ba. In this case, two photon process can have contributions from quadrupole-quadrupole or dipole-octupole multipolarities in direct competition with the high multipolarity M4 decay. Since the yield of the double gamma decay is around six orders of magnitude less than the first order transition, very good statistics are needed in order to observe the phenomena and great care must be taken to suppress the first-order decay. The Gammasphere array is ideal since its configuration allows a good coverage of the angular distribution and the Compton events can be suppressed. Nevertheless the process to understand and eliminate the Compton background is a challenge. Geant4 simulations were carried out to help understand and correct for those factors.

  17. 137 Ba Double Gamma Decay Measurement with GAMMASPHERE

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Merchán, E.; Moran, K.; Lister, C. J.; Chowdhury, P.; McCutchan, E. A.; Greene, J. P.; Zhu, S.; Lauritsen, T.; Carpenter, M. P.; Shearman, R.

    2015-05-28

    The study of the electromagnetic moments (EM), and decay probability, provides detailed information about nuclear wave functions. The well-know properties of EM interactions are good for extracting information about the motion of nucleons. Higher order EM processes always occur, but are usually too weak to be measured. In the case of a 0+ ? 0+ transitions, where a single gamma transition is forbidden, the simultaneous emission of two ?-rays has been studied. An interesting opportunity to further investigate 2-photon emission phenomena is by using a standard 137Cs source populating, via ?-decay, the J? = 11/2- isomeric state at 662 keVmore »in 137Ba. In this case, two photon process can have contributions from quadrupole-quadrupole or dipole-octupole multipolarities in direct competition with the high multipolarity M4 decay. Since the yield of the double gamma decay is around six orders of magnitude less than the first order transition, very good statistics are needed in order to observe the phenomena and great care must be taken to suppress the first-order decay. The Gammasphere array is ideal since its configuration allows a good coverage of the angular distribution and the Compton events can be suppressed. Nevertheless the process to understand and eliminate the Compton background is a challenge. Geant4 simulations were carried out to help understand and correct for those factors.« less

  18. Beta-decay spectroscopy relevant to the r-process nucleosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nishimura, Shunji; Collaboration: RIBF Decay Collaboration

    2012-11-12

    A scientific program of beta-decay spectroscopy relevant to r-process nucleosynthesis has been started using high intensity U-beam at the RIBF. The first results of {beta}-decay half-lives of very neutron-rich Kr to Tc nuclides, all of which lie close to the r-process path, suggest a systematic enhancement of the the {beta}-decay rates of the Zr and Nb isotopes around A110 with respect to the predictions of the deformed quasiparticle-random-phase-approximation model (FRDM + QRPA). An impact of the results on the astrophysical r-process is discussed together with the future perspective of the {beta}-decay spectroscopy with the EURICA.

  19. First-forbidden beta decay of 17N and 17Ne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. J. Millener

    1997-02-07

    It is shown that differences, due to charge-dependent effects, in the 17N and 17Ne ground-state wave functions account for the fact that the experimentally measured branch for the beta+ decay of 17Ne to the first excited state of 17F is roughly a factor of two larger than expected on the basis of nuclear matrix elements which reproduce the corresponding beta- branch in the decay of 17N.

  20. Failure of the gross theory of beta decay in neutron deficient nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Firestone, R. B.; Schwengner, R.; Zuber, K.

    2015-05-28

    The neutron deficient isotopes 117-121Xe, 117-124Cs, and 122-124Ba were produced by a beam of 28Si from the LBNL SuperHILAC on a target of natMo. The isotopes were mass separated and their beta decay schemes were measured with a Total Absorption Spectrometer (TAS). The beta strengths derived from these data decreased dramatically to levels above ?1 MeV for the even-even decays; 3–4 MeV for even-Z, odd-N decays; 4–5 MeV for the odd-Z, even-N decays; and 7–8 MeV for the odd-Z, odd-N decays. The decreasing strength to higher excitation energies in the daughters contradicts the predictions of the Gross Theory of Beta Decay. The integrated beta strengths are instead found to be consistent with shell model predictions where the single-particle beta strengths are divided amoung many low-lying levels. The experimental beta strengths determined here have been used calculate the half-lives of 143 neutron deficient nuclei with Z=51–64 to a precision of 20% with respect to the measured values.

  1. The MAJORANA Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guiseppe, Vincente; Aalseth, Craig E.; Akashi-Ronquest, M.; Ammann, M.; Amsbaugh, John F.; Avignone, F. T.; Back, Henning O.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Barbeau, Phil; Beene, Jim; Bergevin, M.; Bertrand, F.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Bugg, William; Burritt, Tom H.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Cianciolo, Thomas V.; Collar, Juan; Creswick, R.; Cromaz, Mario; Detwiler, Jason A.; Doe, P. J.; Dunmore, J. A.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, Steven R.; Ely, James H.; Esterline, James H.; Farach, H. A.; Farmer, Orville T.; Fast, James E.; Finnerty, P.; Fujikawa, Brian; Gehman, Victor M.; Greenberg, C.; Gusey, K.; Hallin, A.; Hazama, R.; Henning, R.; Hime, Andrew; Hoppe, Eric W.; Hossbach, Todd; Howe, Mark; Hurley, David; Hyronimus, Brian J.; Johnson, R. A.; Keeter, K.; Keillor, Martin E.; Keller, C.; Kephart, Jeremy; Kidd, Mary; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Lesko, Kevin; Leviner, L.; Luke, P.; McDonald, A.; MacMullin, S.; Marino, Michael G.; Mei, Dongming; Miley, Harry S.; Myers, A. W.; Nomachi, Masaharu; Odom, Brian; Orrell, John L.; Poon, Alan; Prior, Gersende; Radford, D. C.; Reeves, James H.; Rielage, Keith; Riley, Nathan; Robertson, R. G. H.; Rodriguez, Larry; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof P.; Schubert, Alexis G.; Shima, T.; Shirchenko, M.; Strain, J.; Thompson, Robert C.; Timkin, V.; Tornow, W.; Tull, C.; Van Wechel, T. D.; Vanyushin, I.; Varner, R. L.; Vetter, Kai; Warner, Ray A.; Wilkerson, J.; Wouters, Jan M.; Yakushev, E.; Young , A. R.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Yumatov, Vladimir; Zhang, C. L.

    2009-03-01

    Majorana collaboration paper for the IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium held in Dresden, Germany. It includes many authors from 17 institutions.

  2. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    nuclear properties; neutrino, mass; mass, hierarchy; neutrino, oscillation; neutrino, solar; neutrino, cosmic radiation; neutrino, Dirac; neutrino, Majorana nucleus, semileptonic...

  3. Limits on sterile neutrino contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barea, J; Iachello, F

    2015-01-01

    Nuclear matrix elements (NME) for exchange of arbitrary mass neutrinos are calculated in the interacting boson model (IBM-2). By combining the NME with the phase space factors (PSF), expected half-lives for neutrinos of mass $m_N$ and coupling $U_{eN}$ are estimated. Limits on sterile neutrinos with masses in the eV, keV, MeV-GeV, and TeV range are given.

  4. Limits on sterile neutrino contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Barea; J. Kotila; F. Iachello

    2015-09-07

    Nuclear matrix elements (NME) for exchange of arbitrary mass neutrinos are calculated in the interacting boson model (IBM-2). By combining the NME with the phase space factors (PSF), expected half-lives for neutrinos of mass $m_N$ and coupling $U_{eN}$ are estimated. Limits on sterile neutrinos with masses in the eV, keV, MeV-GeV, and TeV range are given.

  5. Neutron Interactions in the CUORE Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiment

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: AchievementsTemperatures Year 6 -FINALEnergy,Pacific Mort(Conference)

  6. Exploring the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in the Inverted Neutrino

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) |production at a linear collider (Conference) | SciTechHierarchy with

  7. Exploring the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in the Inverted Neutrino

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) |production at a linear collider (Conference) | SciTechHierarchy

  8. Neutron Interactions in the CUORE Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiment

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech Connect Nanomechanical switch for| SciTech Connect Neutron

  9. Status Update of the Majorana Demonstrator Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback System in thewitnessChiralTechnicalchange. (Technical Report)

  10. Exploring the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in the Inverted Neutrino

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesof Energy8)highlightsNew Phase ofJasontheExploring STEM

  11. Inverse Beta Decay in a Nonequilibrium Antineutrino Flux from a Nuclear Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. I. Kopeikin; L. A. Mikaelyan; V. V. Sinev

    2001-10-23

    The evolution of the reactor antineutrino spectrum toward equilibrium above the inverse beta-decay threshold during the reactor operating period and the decay of residual antineutrino radiation after reactor shutdown are considered. It is found that, under certain conditions, these processes can play a significant role in experiments seeking neutrino oscillations.

  12. Failure of the gross theory of beta decay in neutron deficient nuclei

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Firestone, R. B.; Schwengner, R.; Zuber, K.

    2015-05-28

    The neutron deficient isotopes 117-121Xe, 117-124Cs, and 122-124Ba were produced by a beam of 28Si from the LBNL SuperHILAC on a target of natMo. The isotopes were mass separated and their beta decay schemes were measured with a Total Absorption Spectrometer (TAS). The beta strengths derived from these data decreased dramatically to levels above ?1 MeV for the even-even decays; 3–4 MeV for even-Z, odd-N decays; 4–5 MeV for the odd-Z, even-N decays; and 7–8 MeV for the odd-Z, odd-N decays. The decreasing strength to higher excitation energies in the daughters contradicts the predictions of the Gross Theory of Betamore »Decay. The integrated beta strengths are instead found to be consistent with shell model predictions where the single-particle beta strengths are divided amoung many low-lying levels. The experimental beta strengths determined here have been used calculate the half-lives of 143 neutron deficient nuclei with Z=51–64 to a precision of 20% with respect to the measured values.« less

  13. Measurement of sin(2beta) in Tree-dominated B^0-Decays and Ambiguity Removal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lacker, Heiko

    2007-03-05

    The most recent results from the B-factories on the time-dependent CP asymmetries measured in B{sup 0}-decays mediated by b {yields} c{bar c}s quark-transitions are reviewed. The Standard Model interpretation of the results in terms of the parameter sin 2{beta} leads to a four-fold ambiguity on the unitarity triangle {beta} which can be reduced to a two-fold ambiguity by measuring the sign of the parameter cos 2{beta}. The results on cos 2{beta} obtained so far are reviewed.

  14. 0{nu}{beta}{beta}: The experimental challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferroni, Fernando [Sapienza Universita' and INFN Sezione di Roma, Roma I-00185 (Italy)

    2010-11-24

    This paper describes the main experimental issues related to neutrinoless double beta decay searches. It discusses, although briefly, the past, present and future of this exciting, fundamental but extremely complex field of research.

  15. Next Generation Neutrinoless Double -Decay Experiments Andreas Piepke, R.G. Hamish Robertson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Next Generation Neutrinoless Double -Decay Experiments Andreas Piepke, R.G. Hamish Robertson electric dipole moments and neutrinoless double -decay are high priorities in nuclear physics, and by inference the non-conservation of baryon number. In contrast to all other fundamental building blocks

  16. Towards a realistic model of quarks and leptons, leptonic CP violation and neutrinoless $\\beta\\beta$-decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Y H

    2014-01-01

    In order to explain the fermion masses and mixings naturally, we introduce a specific flavor symmetry and mass suppression pattern that constrain the flavor structure of the fermion Yukawa couplings. Our model describes why the hierarchy of neutrino masses is milder than the hierarchy of charged fermion masses in terms of successive powers of flavon fields. We investigate CP violation and neutrinoless double beta ($0\

  17. Correlation measurements in nuclear {beta}-decay using traps and polarized low energy beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naviliat-Cuncic, Oscar

    2013-05-06

    Precision measurements in nuclear {beta}-decay provide sensitive means to test discrete symmetries in the weak interaction and to determine some of the fundamental constants in semi-leptonic decays, like the coupling of the lightest quarks to charged weak bosons. The main motivation of such measurements is to find deviations from Standard Model predictions as possible indications of new physics. In this contribution I will focus on two topics related to precision measurements in nuclear {beta}-decay: i) the determination of the V{sub ud} element of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix from nuclear mirror transitions and ii) the search for exotic scalar or tensor contributions from {beta}{nu} angular correlations. The purpose is to underline the role being played by experimental techniques based on the confinement of radioactive species with atom and ion traps as well as the plans to use low energy polarized beams.

  18. The influence of pairing correlations on the isospin symmetry breaking corrections of superallowed Fermi beta decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cal Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I k, A. E.; Gerceklioglu, M.; Selam, C.

    2013-05-15

    Within the framework of quasi-particle random phase approximation, the isospin breaking correction of superallowed 0{sup +} {yields} 0{sup +} beta decay and unitarity of Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix have been investigated. The broken isotopic symmetry of nuclear part of Hamiltonian has been restored by Pyatov's method. The isospin symmetry breaking correction with pairing correlations has been compared with the previous results without pairing. The effect of pairing interactions has been examined for nine superallowed Fermi beta decays; their parent nuclei are {sup 26}Al, {sup 34}Cl, {sup 38}K, {sup 42}Sc, {sup 46}V, {sup 50}Mn, {sup 54}Co, {sup 62}Ga, {sup 74}Rb.

  19. {beta} decay spectroscopy of {sup 192}Pt and the nature of 0{sup +} excitations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCutchan, E. A.; Casten, R. F.; Werner, V.; Winkler, R.; Cakirli, R. B.; Gurdal, G.; Liang, X.; Williams, E.; Physics; Yale Univ.; Istanbul Univ.; Clark Univ.; Univ.of Paisley

    2008-07-01

    Excited states in {sup 192}Pt were populated in {beta}{sup +}/{epsilon} decay and studied through off-beam {gamma}-ray spectroscopy. New coincidence data give no support for several reported low-energy, low-spin states proposed in {beta} decay and lead to a substantially revised level scheme. The structure of {sup 192}Pt is discussed in terms of both single-space IBA-1 calculations and two-space IBA calculations with configuration mixing. Both models together suggest that it is the perhaps the 04{sup +} state that corresponds to an intruder excitation, resulting from the excitation of a pair of protons across the Z=82 closed shell.

  20. Experimental study of beta-delayed proton decay of (23)Al for nucleosynthesis in novae 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saastamoinen, A.; Trache, L.; Banu, A.; Bentley, M. A.; Davinson, T.; Hardy, John C.; Iacob, V. E.; McCleskey, M.; Roeder, B. T.; Simmons, E.; Tabacaru, G.; Tribble, Robert E.; Woods, P. J.; Aysto, J.

    2011-01-01

    The beta-delayed gamma and proton decay of (23)Al has been studied with an alternative detector setup at the focal plane of the momentum achromat recoil separator MARS at Texas AandM University. We could detect protons down to an energy of 200 ke...

  1. Mixed symmetry states and {beta} decays of odd-A Xe to I isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Khudair, Falih H. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Center of Nuclear Theory, Lanzhou Heavy Ion National Laboratory, Lanzhou, 730000 (China) and Department of Physics, College of Education, Basrah University, Basrah (Iraq)

    2009-07-15

    The energy spectra of the parent and daughter nuclei in the {beta} decays ({sup 121-127}Xe,{beta}{sup +121-127}I) are considered in the interacting boson fermion model (IBFM-2) with the g{sub 7/2},d{sub 5/2},d{sub 3/2},s{sub 1/2}, and h{sub 11/2} single-particle orbitals. Electromagnetic transition probabilities and branching ratios in odd {sup 121-127}I isotopes are investigated. Special attention is given to the occurrence of mixed symmetry states, and the F-spin structures of the wave functions are analyzed. The log{sub 10}ft values of the allowed {beta} decay transitions are calculated. It is found that the IBFM-2 results agree with the experimental data quite well.

  2. Parametric instability of a monochromatic Alfven wave: Perpendicular decay in low beta plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Xinliang; Lu, Quanming; Shan, Lican; Wang, Shui; Li, Xing

    2013-07-15

    Two-dimensional hybrid simulations are performed to investigate the parametric decay of a monochromatic Alfven wave in low beta plasma. Both the linearly and left-hand polarized pump Alfven waves are considered in the paper. For the linearly polarized pump Alfven wave, either a parallel or obliquely propagating wave can lead to the decay along the perpendicular direction. Initially, the parametric decay takes place along the propagating direction of the pump wave, and then the decay occurs in the perpendicular direction. With the increase of the amplitude and the propagating angle of the pump wave (the angle between the propagating direction of the pump wave and the ambient magnetic field), the spectral range of the excited waves becomes broad in the perpendicular direction. But the effects of the plasma beta on the spectral range of the excited waves in perpendicular direction are negligible. However, for the left-hand polarized pump Alfven wave, when the pump wave propagates along the ambient magnetic field, the parametric decay occurs nearly along the ambient magnetic field, and there is no obvious decay in the perpendicular direction. Significant decay in the perpendicular direction can only be found when the pump wave propagates obliquely.

  3. SU(3) breaking effects in hyperon beta decay from lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoichi Sasaki; Takeshi Yamazaki

    2006-10-13

    We present results of an exploratory study of flavor SU(3) breaking effects in hyperon beta decays using domain wall fermions. From phenomenological point of view, the significance of this subject is twofold: (1) to extract the element $V_{us}$ of the Cabibbo-Kabayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix from the $\\Delta S=1$ decay process, and (2) to provide vital information to analysis of the strange quark fraction of the proton spin with the polarized deep inelastic scattering data. In this study, we explore the $\\Xi^0 \\to \\Sigma^+$ beta decay, which is highly sensitive to the SU(3) breaking since this decay corresponds to the direct analogue of neutron beta decay under an exchange between the down quark and the strange quark. We expose the SU(3) breaking effect on $g_A/g_V=g_1(0)/f_1(0)$ up to the first order in breaking. The second-class form factors $g_2$ and $f_3$, of which non-zero values are the direct signals of the SU(3) breaking effect, are also measured. Finally, we estimate $f_1(0)$ up to the second-order correction and then evaluate $|V_{us}|$ combined with the KTeV experiment.

  4. Beta processes in a high-temperature field and nuclear multibeta decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kopytin, I. V., E-mail: kopytin@yandex.ru; Hussain, Imad A. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)] [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)

    2013-11-15

    Sources of the temperature dependence of rates of nuclear beta processes in matter of massive stars are systematized. Electron and positron beta decays and electron capture (K capture and the capture of unbound electrons) fromexcited nuclear states (thermal decays) are considered along with the photobeta decays from ground and excited nuclear states. The possible quantum degeneracy of an electron gas in matter and the degree of ionization of an atomic K shell in a high-temperature field are taken into account. For a number of multidecay odd-nuclei, the temperature dependences of the ratios of the total rates of their {beta}{sup -} decays to the sum of the total rates over all of decay modes for the same nuclei are calculated in the range of nuclear temperature from 2 to 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} K. It is shown that the deviation of this ratio from the experimental value obtained at 'normal' temperature may be quite sizable. This circumstance should be taken into account in models that consider the problem of synthesis of nuclei in matter of massive stars.

  5. Beta decay of 32Ar for fundamental tests

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERT *BerkeleyBerkeley8decay of 32 Ar

  6. {beta}-decay half-lives and {beta}-delayed neutron emission probabilities of nuclei in the region A < or approx. 110, relevant for the r process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pereira, J.; Galaviz, D.; Matos, M.; Montes, F. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Hennrich, S.; Kessler, R.; Schertz, F. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Institut fuer Kernchemie, Universitaet Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Virtuelles Institut fuer Struktur der Kerne and Nuklearer Astrophysik, Mainz (Germany); Aprahamian, A.; Quinn, M.; Woehr, A. [Institute of Structure and Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana (United States); Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana (United States); Arndt, O.; Pfeiffer, B. [Institut fuer Kernchemie, Universitaet Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Virtuelles Institut fuer Struktur der Kerne and Nuklearer Astrophysik, Mainz (Germany); Becerril, A.; Elliot, T.; Estrade, A.; Lorusso, G.; Schatz, H. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Kratz, K.-L. [Virtuelles Institut fuer Struktur der Kerne and Nuklearer Astrophysik, Mainz (Germany); Max Planck Institut fuer Chemie, Otto-Hahn-Institut, Mainz (Germany); Mantica, P. F. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Moeller, P. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico (United States)] (and others)

    2009-03-15

    Measurements of {beta}-decay properties of A < or approx. 110 r-process nuclei have been completed at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University. {beta}-decay half-lives for {sup 105}Y, {sup 106,107}Zr, and {sup 111}Mo, along with {beta}-delayed neutron emission probabilities of {sup 104}Y, {sup 109,110}Mo and upper limits for {sup 105}Y, {sup 103-107}Zr, and {sup 108,111}Mo have been measured for the first time. Studies on the basis of the quasi-random-phase approximation are used to analyze the ground-state deformation of these nuclei.

  7. tan\\beta\\ determination from the Higgs boson decay at the International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yokoya, Hiroshi

    2014-01-01

    We study the methods and their accuracies for determining tan\\beta\\ in two Higgs doublet models at future lepton colliders. In addition to the previously proposed methods using direct production of additional Higgs bosons, we propose a method using the precision measurement of the decay branching ratio of the standard-model (SM)-like Higgs boson. The method is available if there is a deviation from the SM in the coupling constants of the Higgs boson with the weak gauge bosons. We find that, depending on the type of Yukawa interactions, this method can give the best sensitivity in a wide range of tan\\beta.

  8. Relativistic QRPA Calculation of {beta}-Decay Rates of r-process Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marketin, T.; Paar, N.; Niksic, T.; Vretenar, D.; Ring, P.

    2009-08-26

    A systematic, fully self-consistent calculation of {beta}-decay rates is presented, based on a microscopic theoretical framework. Analysis is performed on a large number of nuclei from the valley of {beta} stability towards the neutron drip-line. Nuclear ground state is determined using the Relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov (RHB) model with density-dependent meson-nucleon coupling constants. Transition rates are calculated within the proton-neutron relativistic quasiparticle RPA (pn-RQRPA) using the same interaction that was used in the RHB equations.

  9. Muon-Induced Backgrounds in the Double Chooz Neutrino Oscillation Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for neutrinoless double-beta decay, a lepton-number violating nuclear process. The observation of a non-zero rate

  10. Experimental study of 113Cd beta decay using CdZnTe detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Goessling; M. Junker; H. Kiel; D. Muenstermann; S. Oehl; K. Zuber

    2005-08-12

    A search for the 4-fold forbidden beta decay of \\iso{Cd}{113} has been performed with CdZnTe semiconductors. With 0.86 kg $\\cdot$ days of statistics a half-life for the decay of $T_{1/2} = (8.2 \\pm 0.2 (stat.) ^{+0.2}_{-1.0} (sys.)) \\cdot 10^{15}$yrs has been obtained. This is in good agreement with published values. A comparison of the spectral shape with the one given on the Table of Isotopes Web-page shows a severe deviation.

  11. {beta} decay spectroscopy of {sup 192}Pt and the nature of 0{sup +} excitations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCutchan, E. A.; Casten, R. F.; Werner, V.; Winkler, R.; Williams, E.; Cakirli, R. B.; Guerdal, G.; Liang, X.

    2008-07-15

    Excited states in {sup 192}Pt were populated in {beta}{sup +}/{epsilon} decay and studied through off-beam {gamma}-ray spectroscopy. New coincidence data give no support for several reported low-energy, low-spin states proposed in {beta} decay and lead to a substantially revised level scheme. The structure of {sup 192}Pt is discussed in terms of both single-space IBA-1 calculations and two-space IBA calculations with configuration mixing. Both models together suggest that it is the perhaps the 0{sub 4}{sup +} state that corresponds to an intruder excitation, resulting from the excitation of a pair of protons across the Z=82 closed shell.

  12. Development of Cryogenic Bolometer for 0{nu}{beta}{beta} in {sup 124}Sn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Vivek; Mathimalar, S.; Dokania, Neha [INO, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Yashwant, G.; Nanal, V.; Pillay, R. G. [Dept. of Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Datar, V. M. [Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2011-11-23

    Cryogenic bolometer detectors, with their high resolution spectroscopy capability, are ideal for neutrino mass experiments as well as for search of rare processes like neutrinoless double beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) and dark matter. A feasibility study for investigation of 0{nu}{beta}{beta} in {sup 124}Sn at the upcoming underground facility of India based Neutrino Observatory (INO) has been initiated. This paper describes endeavors towards cryogenic tin bolometer development.

  13. A Multiwire Proportional Chamber for Precision Studies of Neutron Beta Decay Angular Correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. M. Ito; R. Carr; B. W. Filippone; J. W. Martin; B. Plaster; G. Rybka; J. Yuan

    2007-02-10

    A new multiwire proportional chamber (MWPC) was designed and constructed for precision studies of neutron beta decay angular correlations. Its design has several novel features, including the use of low pressure neopentane as the MWPC gas and an entrance window made of thin Mylar sheet reinforced with Kevlar fibers. In the initial off-line performance tests, the gas gain of neopentane and the position resolution were studied.

  14. Using NERSC Systems, Physcists Close in on a Rare-Particle Decay...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the most stringent constraints yet on the nature of a process called neutrinoless double beta decay. In doing so, the physicists have narrowed down the range of possible...

  15. New antineutrino energy spectra predictions from the summation of beta decay branches of the fission products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Fallot; S. Cormon; M. Estienne; A. Algora; V. M. Bui; A. Cucoanes; M. Elnimr; L. Giot; D. Jordan; J. Martino; A. Onillon; A. Porta; G. Pronost; A. Remoto; J. L. Taín; F. Yermia; A. -A. Zakari-Issoufou

    2012-09-13

    In this paper, we study the impact of the inclusion of the recently measured beta decay properties of the $^{102;104;105;106;107}$Tc, $^{105}$Mo, and $^{101}$Nb nuclei in an updated calculation of the antineutrino energy spectra of the four fissible isotopes $^{235, 238}$U, and $^{239,241}$Pu. These actinides are the main contributors to the fission processes in Pressurized Water Reactors. The beta feeding probabilities of the above-mentioned Tc, Mo and Nb isotopes have been found to play a major role in the $\\gamma$ component of the decay heat of $^{239}$Pu, solving a large part of the $\\gamma$ discrepancy in the 4 to 3000\\,s range. They have been measured using the Total Absorption Technique (TAS), avoiding the Pandemonium effect. The calculations are performed using the information available nowadays in the nuclear databases, summing all the contributions of the beta decay branches of the fission products. Our results provide a new prediction of the antineutrino energy spectra of $^{235}$U, $^{239,241}$Pu and in particular of $^{238}$U for which no measurement has been published yet. We conclude that new TAS measurements are mandatory to improve the reliability of the predicted spectra.

  16. Beta-decay half-lives and beta-delayed neutron emisison probabilities of nuclei in the region A. 110, relevant for the r-process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moller, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pereira, J [MSU; Hennrich, S [MSU; Aprahamian, A [UNIV OF NOTRE DAME; Arndt, O [GERMANY; Becerril, A [MSU; Elliot, T [MSU; Estrade, A [MSU; Galaviz, D [MSU; Kessler, R [UNIV MAINZ; Kratz, K - L [GERMANY; Lorusso, G [MSU; Mantica, P F [MSU; Matos, M [MSU; Montes, F [MSU; Pfeiffer, B [UNIV MAINZ; Schatz, F [MSU; Schnorrenberger, L [GERMANY; Smith, E [MSU; Stolz, A [MSU; Quinn, M [UNIV OF NOTRE DAME; Walters, W B [UNIV OF MARYLAND; Wohr, A [UNIV OF NOTRE DAME

    2009-01-01

    Measurements of the {beta}-decay properties of A {approx}< 110 r-process nuclei have been completed at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, at Michigan State University. {beta}-decay half-lives for {sup 105}Y, {sup 106,107}Zr and {sup 108,111}Mo, along with ,B-delayed neutron emission probabilities of 104Y, 109,11OMo and upper limits for 105Y, 103-107Zr and 108,111 Mo have been measured for the first time. Studies on the basis of the quasi-random phase approximation are used to analyze the ground-state deformation of these nuclei.

  17. Shape coexistence in {sup 180}Hg studied through the {beta} decay of {sup 180}Tl

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elseviers, J.; Bree, N.; Diriken, J.; Huyse, M.; Ivanov, O.; Van den Bergh, P.; Van Duppen, P.; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.; Barzakh, A.; Fedorov, D.; Cocolios, T. E.; Seliverstov, M.; Comas, V. F.; Heredia, J. A.; Fedosseyev, V. N.; Marsh, B. A.; Franchoo, S.; Page, R. D.

    2011-09-15

    The {beta}{sup +}/EC decay of {sup 180}Tl and excited states in the daughter nucleus {sup 180}Hg have been investigated at the CERN On-Line Isotope Mass Separator (ISOLDE) facility. Many new low-lying energy levels were observed in {sup 180}Hg, of which the most significant are the 0{sub 2}{sup +} at 419.6 keV and the 2{sub 2}{sup +} at 601.3 keV. The former is the bandhead of an excited band in {sup 180}Hg assumed originally to be of prolate nature. From the {beta} feeding to the different states in {sup 180}Hg, the ground-state spin of {sup 180}Tl was deduced to be (4{sup -},5{sup -}).

  18. The beta decay of cesium 138 to levels in barium 138 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Douglas Feril

    1970-01-01

    Intyre. Special thanks go to my wife Terry for her encour- agement and understanding throughout the pro)ect. TABLE OF CONTENTS Section I INTRODUCTION Page II PREPARATION OF CESIUM 138 SOURCES 7 Introduction 7 Production of Rare Gas Fission Products 7... In 1968 Alvager et al. reported Cs beta decay 4 138 gamma rays at 138. 3, 192. 5, 227. 9, 409. 1, 462. 6, 54$. 6, 870. 7, 1008. 4 and 2217 keV. Alvager made his study from mass-separated Xe fission products using Ge(Li) detectors. No coincidences were...

  19. Beta Decays of Isotones with Neutron Magic Number of N=126 and R-process Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toshio Suzuki; Takashi Yoshida; Toshitaka Kajino; Takaharu Otsuka

    2011-12-16

    Beta decays of the isotones with N=126 are studied by shell model calculations taking into account both the Gamow-Teller (GT) and first-forbidden (FF) transitions. The FF transitions are found to be important to reduce the half-lives, by nearly twice to several times, from those by the GT contributions only. Possible implications of the short half-lives of the waiting point nuclei on the r-process nucleosynthesis during the supernova explosions are discussed. A slight shift of the third peak of the element abundances in the r-process toward higher mass region is found.

  20. Tracing Remnants of the Baryon Vector Current Anomaly in Neutron Radiative Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Susan Gardner; Daheng He

    2011-01-06

    Harvey, Hill, and Hill have found that unexpected interactions involving the nucleon, photon, and weak gauge bosons at low energies emerge from gauging the axial anomaly of QCD under the full electroweak symmetry of the Standard Model (SM). In this contribution we consider how such interactions can be isolated through a triple-product momentum correlation in neutron radiative beta-decay. The correlation is both parity- and naively time-reversal-odd, so that it vanishes in the Standard Model save for effects induced by final-state interactions (FSI). Nevertheless, the correlation can be generated by sources of CP violation beyond the Standard Model, and such couplings, being spin-independent, are not constrained by the nonobservation of the neutron electric dipole moment (EDM). We consider the sorts of limits on its strength which can be determined at existing and anticipated facilities, as well as the size of induced correlations from known FSI. We also briefly consider the possibility of nuclear beta-decay studies as well as the prospects for muon-induced reaction studies.

  1. Local and global effects of beta decays on r-process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. L. Caballero; A. Arcones; I. N. Borzov; K. Langanke; G. Martinez-Pinedo

    2014-05-01

    Nuclear beta decay rates are an essential ingredient in simulations of the astrophysical r-process. Most of these rates still rely on theoretical modeling. However, modern radioactive ion-beam facilities have allowed to measure beta half lives of some nuclei on or close to the r-process path. These data indicate that r-process half lives are in general shorter than anticipated in the standard theoretical predictions based on the Finite Range Droplet Model (FRDM). The data have also served as important constraints for improved predictions of half lives based on continuum QRPA calculations on top of the energy-density functional theory. Although these calculations are yet limited to spherical nuclei, they include the important r-process waiting point nuclei close to and at the neutron magic numbers $N=50, 82$ and 126. We have studied the impact of these new experimental and theoretical half lives on r-process nucleosynthesis within the two astrophysical sites currently favored for the r process: the neutrino-driven wind from the freshly born neutron star in a supernova explosion and the ejecta of the merger of two neutron stars. We find that the, in general, shorter beta decay rates have several important effects on the dynamics of r-process nucleosynthesis. At first, the matter flow overcomes the waiting point nuclei faster enhancing matter transport to heavier nuclei. Secondly, the shorter half lives result also in a faster consumption of neutrons resulting in important changes of the conditions at freeze-out with consequences for the final r-process abundances. Besides these global effects on the r-process dynamics, the new half lives also lead to some local changes in the abundance distributions.

  2. Realistic fission models, new beta-decay half-lives and the r-process in neutron star mergers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shibagaki, S.; Kajino, T. [Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan and National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Chiba, S. [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8850 (Japan); Lorusso, G.; Nishimura, S. [RIKEN Nishina Center, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Mathews, G. J. [Center for Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

    2014-05-02

    Almost half of heavy nuclei beyond iron are considered to be produced by rapid neutron capture process (r-process). This process occurs in the neutron-rich environment such as core-collapse supernovae or neutron star mergers, but the main production site is still unknown. In the r-process of neutron star mergers, nuclear fission reactions play an important role. Also beta-decay half-lives of magic nuclei are crucial for the r-process. We have carried out r-process nucleosynthesis calculations based upon new theoretical estimates of fission fragment distributions and new beta-decay half-lives for N=82 nuclei measured at RIBF-RIKEN. We investigate the effect of nuclear fission on abundance patterns in the matter ejected from neutron star mergers with two different fission fragment mass distributions. We also discuss how the new experimental beta-decay half-lives affect the r-process.

  3. (n,n?[gamma]) reactions in 6?3?,?6?5?Cu and background in 0[nu] [beta] [beta] experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perepelitsa, Dennis V

    2008-01-01

    Measurements of (n, xn?[gamma]) reactions in Cu are important for understanding neutroninduced background for certain underground double beta decay experiments. Neutroninduced gammas are a contribution to background for ...

  4. Neutrino Capture Cross Sections for Ar-40 and beta-decay of Ti-40

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. E. Ormand; P. M. Pizzochero; P. F. Bortignon; R. A. Broglia

    1994-05-05

    Shell-model calculations of solar neutrino absorption cross sections for $^{40}$Ar, the proposed component of the ICARUS detector, are presented. It is found that low-lying Gamow-Teller transitions lead to a significant enhancement of the absorption rate over that expected from the Fermi transition between the isobaric analog states, leading to an overall absorption rate of 6.7 SNU. We also note that the pertinent Gamow-Teller transitions in $^{\\sss 40}$Ar are experimentally accessible from the $\\beta$-decay of the mirror nucleus $^{\\sss 40}$Ti. Predictions for the branching ratios to states in $^{\\sss 40}$Sc are presented, and the theoretical halflife of 53~ms is found to be in good agreement with the experimental value of $56^{+18}_{-12}$~ms.

  5. D vs d: CP Violation in Beta Decay and Electric Dipole Moments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Ng; Sean Tulin

    2011-11-02

    The T-odd correlation coefficient D in nuclear beta decay probes CP violation in many theories beyond the Standard Model. We provide an analysis for how large D can be in light of constraints from electric dipole moment (EDM) searches. We argue that the neutron EDM d_n currently provides the strongest constraint on D, which is 10 - 10^3 times stronger than current direct limits on D (depending on the model). In particular, contributions to D in leptoquark models (previously regarded as "EDM safe") are more constrained than previously thought. Bounds on D can be weakened only by fine-tuned cancellations or if theoretical uncertainties are larger than estimated in d_n. We also study implications for D from mercury and deuteron EDMs.

  6. Structures of {sup 201}Po and {sup 205}Rn from EC/{beta}{sup +}-decay studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deo, A. Y.; Podolyak, Zs.; Walker, P. M.; Farrelly, G.; Gelletly, W. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Algora, A. [IFIC, CSIC - Universidad de Valencia, E-46071 (Spain); Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen, H-4001 (Hungary); Rubio, B.; Agramunt, J.; Estevez, E. [IFIC, CSIC - Universidad de Valencia, E-46071 (Spain); Fraile, L. M. [Grupo de Fisica Nuclear, Facultad CC. Fisicas, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Al-Dahan, N. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, University of Kerbala, Kerbala (Iraq); Alkhomashi, N. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); KACST, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442 (Saudi Arabia); Briz, J. A.; Maira, A. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Herlert, A. [ISOLDE, PH Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Koester, U. [Institut Laue Langevin, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Singla, S. [Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110 016 (India)

    2010-02-15

    Several low-lying excited states in {sub 86}{sup 205}Rn{sub 119} and {sub 84}{sup 201}Po{sub 117} were identified for the first time following EC/{beta}{sup +} decay of {sup 205}Fr and {sup 201}At, respectively, using {gamma}-ray and conversion electron spectroscopy at the CERN isotope separator on-line (ISOLDE) facility. The EC/{beta}{sup +} branch from {sup 205}Fr was measured to be 1.5(2)%. The excited states of the daughter nuclei are understood in terms of the odd nucleon coupling to the neighboring even-even core. The neutron single-particle energies of the p{sub 3/2} orbital relative to the f{sub 5/2} ground state in {sup 205}Rn, and the f{sub 5/2} orbital relative to the p{sub 3/2} ground state in {sup 201}Po, were determined to be 31.4(2) and 5.7(3) keV, respectively. We tentatively identify a (13/2){sup +} isomeric level at 657.1(5) keV in {sup 205}Rn. The systematic behavior of the (13/2){sup +} and (3/2){sup -} levels is also discussed.

  7. Dark Matter Decay to a Photon and a Neutrino: the Double Monochromatic Smoking Gun Scenario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaïmae El Aisati; Michael Gustafsson; Thomas Hambye; Tiziana Scarna

    2015-10-16

    In the energy range from few TeV to 25 TeV, upper bounds on the dark matter decay rate into high energy monochromatic neutrinos have recently become comparable to those on monochromatic gamma-ray lines. This implies clear possibilities of a future double "smoking-gun" evidence for the dark matter particle, from the observation of both a gamma and a neutrino line at the same energy. In particular, we show that a scenario where both lines are induced from the same dark matter particle decay leads to correlations that can already be tested. We study this "double monochromatic" scenario by considering the complete list of lowest dimensional effective operators that could induce such a decay. Furthermore, we argue that, on top of lines from decays into two-body final states, three-body final states can also be highly relevant. In addition to producing a distinct hard photon spectrum, three-body final states also produce a line-like feature in the neutrino spectrum that can be searched for by neutrino telescopes.

  8. Dark Matter Decay to a Photon and a Neutrino: the Double Monochromatic Smoking Gun Scenario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aisati, Chaïmae El; Hambye, Thomas; Scarna, Tiziana

    2015-01-01

    In the energy range from few TeV to 25 TeV, upper bounds on the dark matter decay rate into high energy monochromatic neutrinos have recently become comparable to those on monochromatic gamma-ray lines. This implies clear possibilities of a future double "smoking-gun" evidence for the dark matter particle, from the observation of both a gamma and a neutrino line at the same energy. In particular, we show that a scenario where both lines are induced from the same dark matter particle decay leads to correlations that can already be tested. We study this "double monochromatic" scenario by considering the complete list of lowest dimensional effective operators that could induce such a decay. Furthermore, we argue that, on top of lines from decays into two-body final states, three-body final states can also be highly relevant. In addition to producing a distinct hard photon spectrum, three-body final states also produce a line-like feature in the neutrino spectrum that can be searched for by neutrino telescopes.

  9. Limit on Neutrinoless ?? Decay of Xe-136 from the First Phase of KamLAND-Zen and Comparison with the Positive Claim in Ge-76

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KamLAND-Zen Collaboration

    2013-02-19

    We present results from the first phase of the KamLAND-Zen double-beta decay experiment, corresponding to an exposure of 89.5 kg yr of Xe-136. We obtain a lower limit for the neutrinoless double-beta decay half-life of T_{1/2}^{0{\

  10. Excited states in {sup 115}Pd populated in the {beta}{sup -} decay of {sup 115}Rh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurpeta, J.; Plochocki, A. [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Hoza 69, PL-00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Urban, W. [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Hoza 69, PL-00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Institut Laue-Langevin, 6 rue J. Horowitz, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Rissanen, J.; Eronen, T.; Hakala, J.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Karvonen, P.; Moore, I. D.; Penttilae, H.; Saastamoinen, A.; Weber, C.; Aeystoe, J. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40351, Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Elomaa, V.-V. [Turku PET Centre, Accelerator Laboratory, Abo Akademi University, FIN-20500 Turku (Finland); Rahaman, S. [Physics Division, P-23, Mail Stop H803, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Sonoda, T. [Nishina Center for Accelerator Based Science, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Szerypo, J. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Am Coulombwall 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2010-08-15

    Excited states in {sup 115}Pd, populated following the {beta}{sup -} decay of {sup 115}Rh have been studied by means of {gamma} spectroscopy after the Penning-trap station at the IGISOL facility, University of Jyvaeskylae. The 1/2{sup +} spin and parity assignment of the ground state of {sup 115}Pd, confirmed in this work, may indicate a transition to an oblate shape in Pd isotopes at high neutron number.

  11. High precision branching ratio measurement for the superallowed beta decay of Rb-74: A prerequisite for exacting tests of the standard model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piechaczek, A.; Zganjar, EF; Ball, GC; Bricault, P.; D'Auria, JM; Hardy, John C.; Hodgson, DF; Iacob, V.; Klages, P.; Kulp, WD; Leslie, JR; Lipoglavsek, M.; Macdonald, JA; Mak, HB; Moltz, D. M.; Savard, G.; von Schwarzenberg, J.; Svensson, CE; Towner, IS; Wood, JL.

    2003-01-01

    Nonanalog Fermi and Gamow-Teller branches in the superallowed beta decay of Rb-74 have been investigated using gamma-ray and conversion-electron spectroscopy. Nine observed transitions, in conjunction with a recent shell model calculation, determine...

  12. Physics with a very first low-energy beta-beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristina Volpe

    2005-10-18

    We describe the importance of having low-energy (10-100 MeV) neutrino beams produced through the decay of boosted radioactive ions (``beta-beams''). We focus on the interest for neutrino-nucleus interaction studies and their impact for astrophysics, nuclear and particle physics. In particular, we discuss the relation to neutrinoless double-beta decay. Finally, we mention the status as far as the feasibility of low-energy beta-beams is concerned.

  13. Electron acceleration during the decay of nonlinear Whistler waves in low-beta electron-ion plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Umeda, Takayuki; Saito, Shinji; Nariyuki, Yasuhiro E-mail: saito@stelab.nagoya-u.ac.jp

    2014-10-10

    Relativistic electron acceleration through dissipation of a nonlinear, short-wavelength, and monochromatic electromagnetic whistler wave in low-beta plasma is investigated by utilizing a one-dimensional fully relativistic electromagnetic particle-in-cell code. The nonlinear (large-amplitude) parent whistler wave decays through the parametric instability which enhances electrostatic ion acoustic waves and electromagnetic whistler waves. These waves satisfy the condition of three-wave coupling. Through the decay instability, the energy of electron bulk velocity supporting the parent wave is converted to the thermal energy perpendicular to the background magnetic field. Increase of the perpendicular temperature triggers the electron temperature anisotropy instability which generates broadband whistler waves and heats electrons in the parallel direction. The broadband whistler waves are inverse-cascaded during the relaxation of the electron temperature anisotropy. In lower-beta conditions, electrons with a pitch angle of about 90° are successively accelerated by inverse-cascaded whistler waves, and selected electrons are accelerated to over a Lorentz factor of 10. The result implies that the nonlinear dissipation of a finite-amplitude and short-wavelength whistler wave plays an important role in producing relativistic nonthermal electrons over a few MeV especially at lower beta plasmas.

  14. The {beta}{sup +} decay of {sup 37}K as a multi-faceted probe of fundamental physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melconian, D.; Mehlman, M.; Behling, R. S.; Behr, J. A.; Gorelov, A.; Jackson, K. P.; Kong, T.; Pearson, M. R.; Ashery, D.; Shidling, P.

    2011-06-28

    Precision {beta} decay experiments represent an important and complimentary approach to high-energy searches for physics outside the ''Standard Model'', our current understanding of fundamental particles and their interactions. The mirror decay of {sup 37}K provides an excellent probe with which to search for new physics. The ft value of this (as well as other T = 1/2 mirror transitions) can be used to provide a measurement of the value of the V{sub ud} element of the CKM mass-mixing matrix, complementing the value obtained from superallowed pure Fermi decays. In addition, the polarized angular distribution parameters are sensitive to a variety of possible new physics: the {beta} and {nu} asymmetries can be used to search for right-handed currents in the charged weak interaction, and their energy-dependences are sensitive to second-class currents forbidden in the Standard Model. Time-reversal symmetry can also be tested by a precision measurement of the triple-vector correlation between the initial nuclear spin and the momenta of the leptons. An overview of the variety of physics that can be probed using laser-cooled {sup 37}K and the techniques used to perform the precision measurements is presented.

  15. Negative-parity states and {beta} decays in odd Ho and Dy nuclei with A=151,153

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Khudair, Falih H. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Center of Nuclear Theory, Lanzhou Heavy Ion National Laboratory, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Department of Physics, College of Education, Basrah University, Basrah (Iraq); Long Guilu [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Center of Nuclear Theory, Lanzhou Heavy Ion National Laboratory, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Sun Yang [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

    2008-03-15

    We investigated the negative-parity states and electromagnetic transitions in {sup 151,153}Ho and {sup 151,153}Dy within the framework of the interacting boson fermion model 2 (IBFM-2). Spin assignments for some states with uncertain spin are made based on this calculation. Calculated excitation energies, electromagnetic transitions, and branching ratios are compared with available experimental data and a good agreement is obtained. The model wave functions were used to study {beta} decays from Ho to Dy isotones, and the calculated logft values are close to the experimental data.

  16. Double Beta Decay in Xenon-136: Measuring the Neutrino-Emitting...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Report Number(s): SLAC-R-1034 DOE Contract Number: AC02-76SF00515 Resource Type: ThesisDissertation Research Org: SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC) Sponsoring Org:...

  17. Search for Majoron-emitting modes of double-beta decay ofXe136with...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A. ; Rowson, P. C. ; Rozo, M. P. ; Russell, J. J. ; Schubert, A. ; Sinclair, D. ; Smith, E. ; Stekhanov, V. ; Tarka, M. ; Tolba, T. ; Tosi, D. ; Tsang, R. ; Twelker, K. ;...

  18. Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay with CUORE Yury G. Kolomensky, for the CUORE Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    particles are not accommodated in the Standard Model. Thus, discovery of the Majorana nature of neutrinos.e. they are their own anti-particles. The rate of the process is sensitive to the effective Majorana neutrino mass and cosmology. Addressing this question has become an even higher priority since the recent apparent discovery

  19. Neutrinoless double beta decay of deformed nuclei within QRPA with realistic interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong-Liang Fang; Amand Faessler; Vadim Rodin; Fedor Simkovic

    2011-01-11

    In this paper a microscopic state-of-the-art approach to calculation of the nuclear matrix element $M^{0\

  20. Pair correlations in nuclei involved in neutrinoless double beta decay: 76Ge and 76Se

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. J. Freeman; J. P. Schiffer; A. C. C. Villari; J. A. Clark; C. Deibel; S. Gros; A. Heinz; D. Hirata; C. L. Jiang; B. P. Kay; A. Parikh; P. D. Parker; J. Qian; K. E. Rehm; X. D. Tang; V. Werner; C. Wrede

    2007-03-23

    Precision measurements were carried out to test the similarities between the ground states of 76Ge and 76Se. The extent to which these two nuclei can be characterized as consisting of correlated pairs of neutrons in a BCS-like ground state was studied. The pair removal (p,t) reaction was measured at the far forward angle of 3 degrees. The relative cross sections are consistent (at the 5% level) with the description of these nuclei in terms of a correlated pairing state outside the N=28 closed shells with no pairing vibrations. Data were also obtained for 74Ge and 78Se.