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1

Reproducible domain wall pinning by linear non-topographic features in a ferromagnetic nanowire  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate that for multilayered magnetic nanowires, where the thickness and composition of the individual layers have been carefully chosen, domain walls can be pinned at non-topographic sites created purely by ion irradiation in a focused ion beam system. The pinning results from irradiation induced alloying leading to magnetic property modification only in the affected regions. Using Lorentz transmission electron microscopy, we have studied the pinning behavior of domain walls at the irradiation sites. Depending on the irradiation dose, a single line feature not only pinned the domain walls but also acted to control their structure and the strength of their pinning.

Basith, M. A.; McVitie, S.; McGrouther, D.; Chapman, J. N. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

2

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

3

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

4

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

5

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

6

Domain walls riding the wave.  

SciTech Connect

Recent years have witnessed a rapid proliferation of electronic gadgets around the world. These devices are used for both communication and entertainment, and it is a fact that they account for a growing portion of household energy consumption and overall world consumption of electricity. Increasing the energy efficiency of these devices could have a far greater and immediate impact than a gradual switch to renewable energy sources. The advances in the area of spintronics are therefore very important, as gadgets are mostly comprised of memory and logic elements. Recent developments in controlled manipulation of magnetic domains in ferromagnet nanostructures have opened opportunities for novel device architectures. This new class of memories and logic gates could soon power millions of consumer electronic devices. The attractiveness of using domain-wall motion in electronics is due to its inherent reliability (no mechanical moving parts), scalability (3D scalable architectures such as in racetrack memory), and nonvolatility (retains information in the absence of power). The remaining obstacles in widespread use of 'racetrack-type' elements are the speed and the energy dissipation during the manipulation of domain walls. In their recent contribution to Physical Review Letters, Oleg Tretiakov, Yang Liu, and Artem Abanov from Texas A&M University in College Station, provide a theoretical description of domain-wall motion in nanoscale ferromagnets due to the spin-polarized currents. They find exact conditions for time-dependent resonant domain-wall movement, which could speed up the motion of domain walls while minimizing Ohmic losses. Movement of domain walls in ferromagnetic nanowires can be achieved by application of external magnetic fields or by passing a spin-polarized current through the nanowire itself. On the other hand, the readout of the domain state is done by measuring the resistance of the wire. Therefore, passing current through the ferromagnetic wire is the preferred method, as it combines manipulation and readout of the domain-wall state. The electrons that take part in the process of readout and manipulation of the domain-wall structure in the nanowire do so through the so-called spin transfer torque: When spin-polarized electrons in the ferromagnet nanowire pass through the domain wall they experience a nonuniform magnetization, and they try to align their spins with the local magnetic moments. The force that the electrons experience has a reaction force counterpart that 'pushes' the local magnetic moments, resulting in movement of the domain wall in the direction of the electron flow through the spin-transfer torque. The forces between the electrons and the local magnetic moments in the ferromagnet also create additional electrical resistance for the electrons passing through the domain wall. By measuring resistance across a segment of the nanowire, one determines if a domain wall is present; i.e., one can read the stored information. The interaction of the spin-polarized electrons with the domain wall in the ferromagnetic nanowire is not very efficient. Even for materials achieving high polarization of the free electrons, it is very difficult to move the magnetic domain wall. Several factors contribute to this problem, with imperfections of the ferromagnetic nanowire that cause domain-wall pinning being the dominant one. Permalloy nanowires, one of the best candidates for domain-wall-based memory and logic devices, require current densities of the order of 10{sup 8} A/cm{sup 2} in order to move a domain wall from a pinning well. Considering that this current has to pass through a relatively long wire, it is not very difficult to imagine that most of the energy will go to Joule heating. The efficiency of the process - the ratio of the energy converted to domain-wall motion to the total energy consumed - is comparable to that of an incandescent light bulb converting electricity to light. A step towards more efficient domain-wall-based memory devices is the advance of using alternating currents or curren

Karapetrov, G.; Novosad, V.; Materials Science Division

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Vector-field domain walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We argue that spontaneous Lorentz violation may generally lead to metastable domain walls related to the simultaneous violation of some accompanying discrete symmetries. Remarkably, such domain-wall solutions exist for spacelike Lorentz violation and do not exist for the timelike violation. Because a preferred space direction is spontaneously induced, these domain walls have no planar symmetry and produce a peculiar static gravitational field at small distances, while their long-distance gravity appears the same as for regular scalar-field walls. Some possible applications of vector-field domain walls are briefly discussed.

Chkareuli, J. L. [E. Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, 0177 Tbilisi, Georgia (United States); I. Chavchavadze State University, 0162 Tbilisi (Georgia); Kobakhidze, Archil [E. Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, 0177 Tbilisi (Georgia); School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Volkas, Raymond R. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Domain wall conduction in multiaxial ferroelectrics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conductance of domain wall structures consisting of either stripes or cylindrical domains in multiaxial ferroelectric-semiconductors is analyzed. The effects of the flexoelectric coupling, domain size, wall tilt, and curvature on charge accumulation are analyzed using the Landau-Ginsburg Devonshire theory for polarization vector combined with the Poisson equation for charge distributions. The proximity and size effect of the electron and donor accumulation/depletion by thin stripe domains and cylindrical nanodomains are revealed. In contrast to thick domain stripes and wider cylindrical domains, in which the carrier accumulation (and so the static conductivity) sharply increases at the domain walls only, small nanodomains of radii less than 5-10 correlation lengths appeared conducting across the entire cross-section. Implications of such conductive nanosized channels may be promising for nanoelectronics.

Eliseev, E. A. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Morozovska, A. N. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Svechnikov, S. V. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Maksymovych, Petro [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Thick planar domain wall: its thin wall limit and dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a planar gravitating thick domain wall of the $\\lambda \\phi^4$ theory as a spacetime with finite thickness glued to two vacuum spacetimes on each side of it. Darmois junction conditions written on the boundaries of the thick wall with the embedding spacetimes reproduce the Israel junction condition across the wall in the limit of infinitesimal thickness. The thick planar domain wall located at a fixed position is then transformed to a new coordinate system in which its dynamics can be formulated. It is shown that the wall's core expands as if it were a thin wall. The thickness in the new coordinates is not constant anymore and its time dependence is given.

S. Ghassemi; S. Khakshournia; R. Mansouri

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

10

Quantum Fusion of Domain Walls with Fluxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study how fluxes on the domain wall world volume modify quantum fusion of two distant parallel domain walls into a composite wall. The elementary wall fluxes can be separated into parallel and antiparallel components. The parallel component affects neither the binding energy nor the process of quantum merger. The antiparallel fluxes, instead, increase the binding energy and, against naive expectations, suppress quantum fusion. In the small flux limit we explicitly find the bounce solution and the fusion rate as a function of the flux. We argue that at large (antiparallel) fluxes there exists a critical value of the flux (versus the difference in the wall tensions), which switches off quantum fusion altogether. This phenomenon of flux-related wall stabilization is rather peculiar: it is unrelated to any conserved quantity. Our consideration of the flux-related all stabilization is based on substantiated arguments that fall short of complete proof.

S. Bolognesi; M. Shifman; M. B. Voloshin

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

11

Domain-wall branes in Lifshitz theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze whether or not Lifshitz field theories in 4 + 1 dimensions may provide ultraviolet-complete domain-wall brane models. We first show that Lifshitz scalar field theory can admit topologically stable domain wall solutions. A Lifshitz fermion field is then added to the toy model, and we demonstrate that 3+1- dimensional Kaluza-Klein zero mode solutions do not exist when the four spatial dimensions are treated isotropically. To recover 3 + 1-dimensional chiral fermions dynamically localized to the domain wall, we must postulate the breaking of full 4-dimensional rotational symmetry down to the subgroup of rotations which mix the usual 3-dimensional spatial directions and fix the extra-dimensional axis in addition to the anisotropy between space and time.

Jayne E. Thompson; Raymond R. Volkas

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

12

Thermodynamics of free Domain Wall fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studying various thermodynamic quantities for the free domain wall fermions for both finite and infinite fifth dimensional extent N_5, we find that the lattice corrections are minimum for $N_T\\geq10$ for both energy density and susceptibility, for its irrelevant parameter M in the range 1.45-1.50. The correction terms are, however, quite large for small lattice sizes of $N_T\\leq8$. We propose modifications of the domain wall operator, as well as the overlap operator, to reduce the finite cut-off effects to within 10% of the continuum results of the thermodynamic quantities for the currently used N_T=6-8 lattices. Incorporating chemical potential, we show that \\mu^2 divergences are absent for a large class of such domain wall fermion actions although the chiral symmetry is broken for $\\mu\

R. V. Gavai; Sayantan Sharma

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

13

Standing gravitational waves from domain walls  

SciTech Connect

We construct a plane symmetric, standing gravitational wave for a domain wall plus a massless scalar field. The scalar field can be associated with a fluid which has the properties of 'stiff' matter, i.e., matter in which the speed of sound equals the speed of light. Although domain walls are observationally ruled out in the present era, the solution has interesting features which might shed light on the character of exact nonlinear wave solutions to Einstein's equations. Additionally this solution may act as a template for higher dimensional 'brane-world' model standing waves.

Gogberashvili, Merab [Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, 6 Tamarashvili Street, Tbilisi 0177 (Georgia); Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, 3 Chavchavadze Avenue, Tbilisi 0128 (Georgia); California State University, Fresno, Physics Department, Fresno, California 93740-8031 (United States); Myrzakul, Shynaray [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Gumilev Eurasian National University, Astana, 010008 (Kazakhstan); California State University, Fresno, Physics Department, Fresno, California 93740-8031 (United States); Singleton, Douglas [California State University, Fresno, Physics Department, Fresno, California 93740-8031 (United States); Institute of Gravitation and Cosmology, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow 117198 (Russian Federation)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

SO(10) domain-wall brane models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct domain-wall brane models based on the grand-unification group SO(10), generalising the SU(5) model of Davies, George and Volkas. Motivated by the Dvali-Shifman proposal for the dynamical localisation of gauge bosons, the SO(10) symmetry is spontaneously broken inside the wall. We present two scenarios: in the first, the unbroken subgroup inside the wall is SU(5) x U(1)X, and in the second it is the left-right symmetry group SU(3) x SU(2)L x SU(2)R x U(1)B-L. In both cases we demonstrate that the phenomenologically-correct fermion zero modes can be localised to the wall, and we briefly discuss how the symmetry-breaking dynamics may be extended to induce breaking to the standard model group with subsequent electroweak breaking. Dynamically localised gravity is realised through the type 2 Randall-Sundrum mechanism.

Jayne E. Thompson; Raymond R. Volkas

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

15

Argonne CNM News: Study of Ferroelectric Domain Walls Offers a New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Study of Ferroelectric Domain Walls Offers a New Nanoscale Conduction Path Study of Ferroelectric Domain Walls Offers a New Nanoscale Conduction Path Scanning tunneling microscopy tips SPM images of the (110) surface of cleaved h-HoMnO3. (top) PFM image showing in-plane ferroelectric domains (oriented vertically, red arrows). (bottom) cAFM image showing enhanced conduction along tail-to-tail domain walls; images are 4 microns per side. Facility users from Rutgers University together with the Center for Nanoscale Materials' Electronic & Magnetic Materials & Devices Group have identified two-dimensional sheets of charge formed at the boundaries of ferroelectric domains in a multiferroic material. These two-dimensional charged sheets are not pinned by unstable defects, chemical dopants, or structural interface, but are formed naturally as the inevitable

16

Cooperative Dynamics of a 'Conjugated' Domain Wall in Giant ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Cooperative Dynamics of a 'Conjugated' Domain Wall in Giant ... Appropriately designed, such a superstructure can cooperatively move...

17

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Wednesday, 29 July 2009 00:00 Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

18

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

19

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

20

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

22

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

23

Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Charged Domain Walls in Ferroelectrics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Monday, February 4, 2013 11:00 am Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Charged Domain Walls in Ferroelectrics Alexander K. Tagantsev Ceramics Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of...

24

Metallic Interface Emerging at Magnetic Domain Wall of Antiferromagnetic Insulator---Fate of Extinct Weyl Electrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topological insulators, in contrast to ordinary semiconductors, accompany protected metallic surfaces described by Dirac-type fermions. Here, we theoretically show another emergent two-dimensional metal embedded in the bulk insulator is realized at a magnetic domain wall. The domain wall has long been studied as ingredients of both old-fashioned and leading-edge spintronics. The domain wall here, as an interface of seemingly trivial antiferromagnetic insulators, emergently realizes a functional interface preserved by zero modes with robust two-dimensional Fermi surfaces, where pyrochlore iridium oxides proposed to host condensed-matter realization of Weyl fermions offer such examples at low temperatures. The existence of ingap states pinned at domain walls, theoretically resembling spin/charge solitons in polyacetylene, solves experimental puzzles observed in R2Ir2O7 with rare earth elements R. The domain wall realizes a novel quantum confinement of electrons and embosses a net uniform magnetization, which enables magnetic control of electronic interface transports beyond semiconductor paradigm.

Youhei Yamaji; Masatoshi Imada

2013-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

25

Reducing the beta-shift in domain wall fermion simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The beta-shift induced from dynamical domain wall quarks leads to increased roughness of the gauge field, thus reversing the effect of smoothing from the gauge action improvement. By exploiting the relation of overlap and domain wall fermions in greater detail,we propose an algorithm which reduces the beta-shift to the level of dynamical overlap fermions.

Alban Allkoci; Artan Borici

2006-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

26

Domain wall induced magnetoresistance in a superconductor/ferromagnet nanowire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a nanowire consisting of a ferromagnet/insulator/superconductor multilayer structure, the superconductivity is shown to depend strongly on the configuration of the magnetic domain walls in the neighboring ferromagnetic ...

Miao, G. X.

27

Domain and Stripe Formation Between Hexagonal and Square Ordered Fillings of Colloidal Particles on Periodic Pinning Substrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using large scale numerical simulations, we examine the ordering of colloidal particles on square periodic two-dimensional muffin-tin substrates consisting of a flat surface with localized pinning sites. We show that when there are four particles per pinning site, the particles adopt a hexagonal ordering, while for five particles per pinning site, a square ordering appears. For fillings between four and five particles per pinning site, we identify a rich variety of distinct ordering regimes, including disordered grain boundaries, crystalline stripe structures, superlattice orderings, and disordered patchy arrangements. We characterize the different regimes using Voronoi analysis, energy dispersion, and ordering of the domains. We show that many of the boundary formation features we observe occur for a wide range of other fillings. Our results demonstrate that grain boundary tailoring can be achieved with muffin-tin periodic pinning substrates.

D. McDermott; J. Amelang; L. M. Lopatina; C. J. Olson Reichhardt; C. Reichhardt

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

28

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment with Domain Wall Quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present preliminary results for nucleon dipole moments computed with domain wall fermions. Our main target is the electric dipole moment of the neutron arising from the theta term in the gauge part of the QCD lagrangian. The calculated magnetic dipole moments of the proton and neutron are in rough accord with experimental values.

F. Berruto; T. Blum; K. Orginos; A. Soni

2004-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

29

Dowel pin  

SciTech Connect

Two abutting members are locked together by reaming a hole entirely through one member and at least partly through the other, machining a circular groove in each through hole just below the surface of the member, press fitting a dowel pin having a thin wall extension on at least one end thereof into the hole in both members, a thin wall extension extending into each through hole, crimping or snapping the thin wall extension into the grooves to positively lock the dowel pin in place and, if necessary, tack welding the end of the thin-wall extension in place.

Wojcik, Thaddeus A. (Greensburg, PA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Neutron irradiation effects on domain wall mobility and reversibility in lead zirconate titanate thin films  

SciTech Connect

The effects of neutron-induced damage on the ferroelectric properties of thin film lead zirconate titanate (PZT) were investigated. Two sets of PbZr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48}O{sub 3} films of varying initial quality were irradiated in a research nuclear reactor up to a maximum 1 MeV equivalent neutron fluence of (5.16 {+-} 0.03) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} cm{sup -2}. Changes in domain wall mobility and reversibility were characterized by polarization-electric field measurements, Rayleigh analysis, and analysis of first order reversal curves (FORC). With increasing fluence, extrinsic contributions to the small-signal permittivity diminished. Additionally, redistribution of irreversible hysterons towards higher coercive fields was observed accompanied by the formation of a secondary hysteron peak following exposure to high fluence levels. The changes are attributed to the radiation-induced formation of defect dipoles and other charged defects, which serve as effective domain wall pinning sites. Differences in damage accumulation rates with initial film quality were observed between the film sets suggesting a dominance of pre-irradiation microstructure on changes in macroscopic switching behavior.

Graham, Joseph T. [Nuclear Engineering Teaching Laboratory, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States); Electronic, Optic and Nano Materials Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Brennecka, Geoff L.; Ihlefeld, Jon F. [Electronic, Optic and Nano Materials Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Ferreira, Paulo [Materials Science and Engineering Program, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78751 (United States); Small, Leo [Electronic, Optic and Nano Materials Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); Duquette, David [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); Apblett, Christopher [Advanced Power Sources R and D Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Landsberger, Sheldon [Nuclear Engineering Teaching Laboratory, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

31

ac and dc current-induced motion of a 360 degrees domain wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

he response of 360 [360 degrees]domain walls in narrow magnetic stripes to applied dc and ac currents, investigated by micromagnetic simulation, differs qualitatively from the response of 180 [180 degrees] domain walls. ...

Mascaro, Mark D.

32

Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate David A. Scrymgeour and Venkatraman Gopalan Department of Materials Science, lithium niobate and lithium tantalate. The contributions to the domain- wall energy from polarization

Gopalan, Venkatraman

33

Magnetic behavior of 360 domain walls in patterned magnetic thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

360 transverse domain walls (360DWs), which form readily from transverse 180 domain walls (180DWs) of opposite sense, demonstrate qualitatively distinct behaviors from their constituent 180DWs and are therefore of interest ...

Mascaro, Mark Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Quantum Fusion of Strings (Flux Tubes) and Domain Walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider formation of composite strings and domain walls as a result of fusion of two elementary objects (elementary strings in the first case and elementary walls in the second) located at a distance from each other. The tension of the composite object T_2 is assumed to be less than twice the tension of the elementary object T_1, so that bound states are possible. If in the initial state the distance d between the fusing strings or walls is much larger than their thickness and satisfies the conditions T_1 d^2 >> 1 (in the string case) and T_1 d^3 >> 1 (in the wall case), the problem can be fully solved quasiclassically. The fusion probability is determined by the first, "under the barrier" stage of the process. We find the bounce configuration and its extremal action S_B. In the wall problem e^{-S_B} gives the fusion probability per unit time per unit area. In the string case, due to a logarithmic infrared divergence, the problem is well formulated only for finite-length strings. The fusion probability per unit time can be found in the limit in which the string length is much larger than the distance between two merging strings.

S. Bolognesi; M. Shifman; M. B. Voloshin

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

35

Multi-physical simulations of current-induced domain wall motion using graphics processing units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Micromagnetic simulations of current- induced domain wall motion are presented. Domain walls are prominent candidates for concepts of storing binary data by the magnetization of ferromagnetic nanostructures. Influences of the spin-torque and the Oersted ... Keywords: current-induced domain wall motion, graphics processing units, multi-physical micromagnetic modelling and simulations, racetrack memory

Andr Drews; Gunnar Selke; Dietmar P. F. Mller

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Local Electromechanical Response at a Single Ferroelectric Domain Wall in Lithium Niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local Electromechanical Response at a Single Ferroelectric Domain Wall in Lithium Niobate DAVID A electromechanical response across a single ferroelectric domain wall in congruent lithium niobate at room in the crystal, which interact with the domain wall. I. INTRODUCTION FERROELECTRIC lithium niobate and lithium

Gopalan, Venkatraman

37

Domain Wall QCD with Near-Physical Pions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present physical results for a variety of light hadronic quantities obtained via a combined analysis of three 2+1 flavour domain wall fermion ensemble sets. For two of our ensemble sets we used the Iwasaki gauge action with beta=2.13 (a^-1=1.75(4) GeV) and beta=2.25 (a^-1=2.31(4) GeV) and lattice sizes of 24^3 x 64 and 32^3 x 64 respectively, with unitary pion masses in the range 293(5)-417(10) MeV. The extent L_s for the 5^th dimension of the domain wall fermion formulation is L_s=16 in these ensembles. In this analysis we include a third ensemble set that makes use of the novel Iwasaki+DSDR (Dislocation Suppressing Determinant Ratio) gauge action at beta = 1.75 (a^-1=1.37(1) GeV) with a lattice size of 32^3 x 64 and L_s=32 to reach down to partially-quenched pion masses as low as 143(1) MeV and a unitary pion mass of 171(1) MeV, while retaining good chiral symmetry and topological tunneling. We demonstrate a significant improvement in our control over the chiral extrapolation, resulting in much improved ...

Arthur, R; Boyle, P A; Christ, N H; Garron, N; Hudspith, R J; Izubuchi, T; Jung, C; Kelly, C; Lytle, A T; Mawhinney, R D; Murphy, D; Ohta, S; Sachrajda, C T; Soni, A; Zanotti, J M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

us closer to the use of these ultrasmall structures in ultrafast computers. Top: Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images of a square- and a disk-shaped structure, with four...

39

Study of the structure of ferroelectric domain walls in barium titanate ceramics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structure of 90{degree} ferroelectric domain boundaries in barium titanate ceramics has been studied by means of Transmission Electron Microscopy and High Resolution TEM. Tilts of specific fringes across domain walls are measured on HREM images and Selected Area Diffraction Patterns. They are in a good agreement with the twin model admitted for these domain boundaries. A computerized method has been developed to give access to quantitative information about atomic displacements across these ferroelectric domain walls. The so calculated displacement field is then compared with Landau-Ginzburg based theoretical predictions.

Normand, L.; Thorel, A. [Centre des Materiaux, Evry cedex (France) ; Kilaas, R. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Montardi, Y. [Rhone-Poulenc, CRA, Aubervilliers (France)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

42

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

43

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

44

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

45

Electric field control of domain wall propagation in Pt/Co/GdOx films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of a gate voltage on domain wall (DW) propagation is investigated in ultrathin Pt/Co/gadolinium oxide (GdOx) films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The DW propagation field can be enhanced or retarded ...

Bauer, Uwe

46

EXACT SOLUTION OF THE SIXVERTEX MODEL WITH DOMAIN WALL BOUNDARY CONDITIONS. DISORDERED PHASE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXACT SOLUTION OF THE SIX­VERTEX MODEL WITH DOMAIN WALL BOUNDARY CONDITIONS. DISORDERED PHASE PAVEL M. BLEHER AND VLADIMIR V. FOKIN Abstract. The six­vertex model, or the square ice model, with domain to obtain the large N asymptotics of the six­vertex model with DWBC in the disordered phase. The solution

47

Fractional domain walls from on-site softening in dipolar bosons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study dipolar bosons in a 1D optical lattice and identify a region in parameter space---strong coupling but relatively weak on-site repulsion---hosting a series of stable charge-density-wave (CDW) states whose low-energy excitations, built from "fractional domain walls," have remarkable similarities to those of non-Abelian fractional quantum Hall states. Here, a conventional domain wall between translated CDW's may be split by inserting strings of degenerate, but inequivalent, CDW states. Outside these insulating regions, we find numerous supersolids as well as a superfluid regime. The mentioned phases should be accessible experimentally and, in particular, the fractional domain walls can be created in the ground state using single-site addressing, i.e., by locally changing the chemical potential.

Emma Wikberg; Jonas Larson; Emil J. Bergholtz; Anders Karlhede

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Substrate Clamping Effects on Irreversible Domain Wall Dynamics in Lead Zirconate Titanate Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of long-range strain interactions on domain wall dynamics is explored through macroscopic and local measurements of nonlinear behavior in mechanically clamped and released polycrystalline lead zirconate-titanate (PZT) films. Released films show a dramatic change in the global dielectric nonlinearity and its frequency dependence as a function of mechanical clamping. Furthermore, we observe a transition from strong clustering of the nonlinear response for the clamped case to almost uniform nonlinearity for the released film. This behavior is ascribed to increased mobility of domain walls. These results suggest the dominant role of collective strain interactions mediated by the local and global mechanical boundary conditions on the domain wall dynamics. The work presented in this Letter demonstrates that measurements on clamped films may considerably underestimate the piezoelectric coefficients and coupling constants of released structures used in microelectromechanical systems, energy harvesting systems, and microrobots.

Griggio, Flavio [ORNL; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL; Kumar, Amit [ORNL; Ovchinnikov, Oleg S [ORNL; Kim, H. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Jackson, T. N. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Damjanovic, Dragan [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Trolier-Mckinstry, Susan E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Lattice QCD with domain wall quarks and applications to weak matrix elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using domain wall fermions, we estimate $B_K(\\mu\\approx 2 GeV)=0.628(47)$ in quenched QCD which is consistent with previous calculations. At $\\gbeta=6.0$ and 5.85 we find the ratio $f_K/m_\\rho$ in agreement with the experimental value, within errors. These results support expectations that $O(a)$ errors are exponentially suppressed in low energy ($E\\ll a^{-1}$) observables, and indicate that domain wall fermions have good scaling behavior at relatively strong couplings. We also demonstrate that the axial current numerically satisfies the lattice analog of the usual continuum axial Ward identity.

T. Blum; A. Soni Brookhaven National Lab

1997-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

50

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print Wednesday, 26 September 2007 00:00 The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

51

Temperature dependence of carrier spin polarization determined from current-induced domain wall motion in a Co/Ni nanowire  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the temperature dependence of the current-induced magnetic domain wall (DW) motion in a perpendicularly magnetized Co/Ni nanowire at various temperatures and with various applied currents. The carrier spin polarization was estimated from the measured domain wall velocity. We found that it decreased more with increasing temperature from 100 K to 530 K than the saturation magnetization did.

Ueda, K.; Koyama, T.; Hiramatsu, R.; Kobayashi, K.; Ono, T. [Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); Chiba, D. [Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho Kawaguchi, Saitama 322-0012 (Japan); Fukami, S. [Green Innovation Research Laboratories, NEC Corporation, 34 Miyukigaoka, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8501 (Japan); Center for Spintronics Integrated Systems, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Tanigawa, H.; Suzuki, T. [RENESAS Electronics Corporation, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5298 (Japan); Ohshima, N. [NEC Energy Device Ltd., 1120 Shimokuzawa, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5298 (Japan); Ishiwata, N. [Green Innovation Research Laboratories, NEC Corporation, 34 Miyukigaoka, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8501 (Japan); Nakatani, Y. [University of Electro-communications, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan)

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

52

Study of ferroelectric domain switching by domain wall induced light scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of an unipolarity in a polydomain ther- mally de-poled SBN crystal is supported by electrical measurements.8 We now- der repolarizing fields the crystal becomes depoled, the de- gree of depoling increasing, partially depoled by +E pulses, is now restored to its single-domain state. We mention that in a single

Osnabrück, Universität

53

Dynamics of BPS Domain Walls on Toric Self Dual Einstein Spaces  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we study Bogomolnyi-Prasad-Sommerfeld (BPS) domain walls of five dimensional gauged N = 2 supergravity coupled to a hypermultiplet whose scalars span a four dimensional toric self dual Einstein space, namely a four dimensional self dual Einstein space with torus symmetry. The walls preserve half of supersymmetry and are described by the gradient flow equations called BPS equations. An interesting feature is that the dynamics of such equations are determined by a real superpotential and the shape of two dimensional hyperbolic spaces defined on the upper half plane.

Gunara, Bobby E.; Zen, Freddy P. [Indonesia Center for Theoretical and Mathematical Physics (ICTMP) and Theoretical Physics Laboratory, Theoretical High Energy Physics and Instrumentation Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10 Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Arianto [Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Udayana University, Jl. Kampus Bukit Jimbaran-Kuta Denpasar 80361 (Indonesia); Indonesia Center for Theoretical and Mathematical Physics (ICTMP) and Theoretical Physics Laboratory, Theoretical High Energy Physics and Instrumentation Division, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10 Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

54

Quantum Shock Waves and Domain Walls in the Real-Time Dynamics of a Superfluid Unitary Fermi Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that in the collision of two superfluid fermionic atomic clouds one observes the formation of quantum shock waves as discontinuities in the number density and collective flow velocity. Domain walls, which are topological excitations of the superfluid order parameter, are also generated and exhibit abrupt phase changes by $\\pi$ and slower motion than the shock waves. The domain walls are distinct from the gray soliton train or number density ripples formed in the wake of the shock waves and observed in the collisions of superfluid bosonic atomic clouds. Domain walls with opposite phase jumps appear to collide elastically.

Aurel Bulgac; Yuan-Lung; Luo; Kenneth J. Roche

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

55

Quantum Shock Waves and Domain Walls in the Real-Time Dynamics of a Superfluid Unitary Fermi Gas  

SciTech Connect

We show that in the collision of two superfluid fermionic atomic clouds one observes the formation of quantum shock waves as discontinuities in the number density and collective flow velocity. Domain walls, which are topological excitations of the superfluid order parameter, are also generated and exhibit abrupt phase changes by $\\pi$ and slower motion than the shock waves. The domain walls are distinct from the gray soliton train or number density ripples formed in the wake of the shock waves and observed in the collisions of superfluid bosonic atomic clouds. Domain walls with opposite phase jumps collide elastically.

Bulgac, Aurel; Luo, Yuan-Lung; Roche, Kenneth J.

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

56

Domain Walls, near-BPS Bubbles and Probabilities in the Landscape  

SciTech Connect

We develop a theory of static BPS domain walls in stringy landscape and present a large family of BPS walls interpolating between different supersymmetric vacua. Examples include KKLT models, STU models, type IIB multiple flux vacua, and models with several Minkowski and AdS vacua. After the uplifting, some of the vacua become dS, whereas some others remain AdS. The near-BPS walls separating these vacua may be seen as bubble walls in the theory of vacuum decay. As an outcome of our investigation of the BPS walls, we found that the decay rate of dS vacua to a collapsing space with a negative vacuum energy can be quite large. The parts of space that experience a decay to a collapsing space, or to a Minkowski vacuum, never return back to dS space. The channels of irreversible vacuum decay serve as sinks for the probability flow. The existence of such sinks is a distinguishing feature of the landscape. We show that it strongly affects the probability distributions in string cosmology.

Ceresole, Anna; /INFN, Turin /Turin U.; Dall'Agata, Gianguido; /CERN; Giryavets, Alexander; Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

57

B-meson decay constants with domain-wall light quarks and nonperturbatively tuned relativistic b-quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on our progress to obtain the decay constants f_B and f_Bs from lattice-QCD simulations on the RBC-UKQCD Collaborations 2+1 flavor domain-wall Iwasaki lattices. Using domain-wall light quarks and relativistic b-quarks we analyze data with several partially quenched light-quark masses at two lattice spacings of a approx 0.11 fm and a approx 0.08 fm.

Oliver Witzel

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Axial couplings of heavy hadrons from domain-wall lattice QCD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We calculate matrix elements of the axial current for static-light mesons and baryons in lattice QCD with dynamical domain wall fermions. We use partially quenched heavy hadron chiral perturbation theory in a finite volume to extract the axial couplings g{sub 1}, g{sub 2}, and g{sub 3} from the data. These axial couplings allow the prediction of strong decay rates and enter chiral extrapolations of most lattice results in the b sector. Our calculations are performed with two lattice spacings and with pion masses down to 227 MeV.

W. Detmold, C.J.D. Lin, S. Meinel

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

The kaon semileptonic form factor with near physical domain wall quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new calculation of the K->pi semileptonic form factor at zero momentum transfer in domain wall lattice QCD with Nf=2+1 dynamical quark flavours. By using partially twisted boundary conditions we simulate directly at the phenomenologically relevant point of zero momentum transfer. We perform a joint analysis for all available ensembles which include three different lattice spacings (a=0.09-0.14fm), large physical volumes (m_pi*L>3.9) and pion masses as low as 171 MeV. The comprehensive set of simulation points allows for a detailed study of systematic effects leading to the prediction f+(0)=0.9670(20)(+18/-46), where the first error is statistical and the second error systematic. The result allows us to extract the CKM-matrix element |Vus|=0.2237(+13/-8) and confirm first-row CKM-unitarity in the Standard Model at the sub per mille level.

Peter A. Boyle; Jonathan M. Flynn; Nicolas Garron; Andreas Juttner; Chris T. Sachrajda; Karthee Sivalingam; James M. Zanotti

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

60

Fuel pin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel pin for a liquid metal nuclear reactor is provided. The fuel pin includes a generally cylindrical cladding member with metallic fuel material disposed therein. At least a portion of the fuel material extends radially outwardly to the inner diameter of the cladding member to promote efficient transfer of heat to the reactor coolant system. The fuel material defines at least one void space therein to facilitate swelling of the fuel material during fission.

Christiansen, D.W.; Karnesky, R.A.; Leggett, R.D.; Baker, R.B.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Fuel pin cladding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved fuel pin cladding, particularly adapted for use in breeder reactors, is described which consist of composite tubing with austenitic steel on the outer portion of the thickness of the tube wall and with nickel an/or ferritic material on the inner portion of the thickness of the tube wall. The nickel forms a sacrificial barrier as it reacts with certain fission products thereby reducing fission product activity at the austenitic steel interface. The ferritic material forms a preventive barrier for the austenitic steel as it is immune to liquid metal embrittlement. The improved cladding permits the use of high density fuel which in turn leads to a better breeding ratio in breeder reactors, and will increase the threshold at which failure occurs during temperature transients.

Vaidyanathan, S.; Adamson, M.G.

1983-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

62

Fuel pin cladding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is an improved fuel pin cladding, particularly adapted for use in breeder reactors, consisting of composite tubing with austenitic steel on the outer portion of the thickness of the tube wall and with nickel and/or ferritic material on the inner portion of the thickness of the tube wall. The nickel forms a sacrificial barrier as it reacts with certain fission products thereby reducing fission product activity at the austenitic steel interface. The ferritic material forms a preventive barrier for the austenitic steel as it is immune to liquid metal embrittlement. The improved cladding permits the use of high density fuel which in turn leads to a better breeding ratio in breeder reactors, and will increase the threshold at which failure occurs during temperature transients. 2 figs.

Vaidyanathan, S.; Adamson, M.G.

1986-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

63

Fuel pin cladding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved fuel pin cladding, particularly adapted for use in breeder reactors, consisting of composite tubing with austenitic steel on the outer portion of the thickness of the tube wall and with nickel and/or ferritic material on the inner portion of the thickness of the tube wall. The nickel forms a sacrificial barrier as it reacts with certain fission products thereby reducing fission product activity at the austenitic steel interface. The ferritic material forms a preventive barrier for the austenitic steel as it is immune to liquid metal embrittlement. The improved cladding permits the use of high density fuel which in turn leads to a better breeding ratio in breeder reactors, and will increase the threshold at which failure occurs during temperature transients.

Vaidyanathan, Swaminathan (San Jose, CA); Adamson, Martyn G. (Danville, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

information (0 and 1). A short pulse of electric current pushes the domains through the wire to a fixed readout sensor. Invented at IBM, racetrack memory so far has neither high...

65

Non-perturbative renormalization of overlap quark bilinears on 2+1-flavor domain wall fermion configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present renormalization constants of overlap quark bilinear operators on 2+1-flavor domain wall fermion configurations. This setup is being used by the chiQCD collaboration in calculations of physical quantities such as strangeness in nucleon and the strange and charm quark masses. The scale independent renormalization constant for the axial vector current is computed using a Ward Identity. The renormalization constants for scalar, pseudoscalar and vector current are calculated in the RI-MOM scheme. Results in the MS-bar scheme are also given. The analysis uses in total six different ensembles of three sea quarks each on two lattices with sizes 24^3x64 and 32^3x64 at spacings a=(1.73 GeV)^{-1} and (2.28 GeV)^{-1}, respectively.

Liu, Zhaofeng; Dong, Shao-Jing; Glatzmaier, Michael; Gong, Ming; Li, Anyi; Liu, Keh-Fei; Yang, Yi-Bo; Zhang, Jian-Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

AOCS Member Lapel Pin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS logo pin. AOCS Member Lapel Pin Membership Merchandise Membership Merchandise Wear this logo and proudly proclaim your association with the AOCS. Fashioned from brass and enamel. F81E3365C84403AD09C61361EDCFB7EF M-PIN 2015

67

Valve for fuel pin loading system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cyclone valve surrounds a wall opening through which cladding is projected. An axial valve inlet surrounds the cladding. Air is drawn through the inlet by a cyclone stream within the valve. An inflatable seal is included to physically engage a fuel pin subassembly during loading of fuel pellets.

Christiansen, D.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Valve for fuel pin loading system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cyclone valve surrounds a wall opening through which cladding is projected. An axial valve inlet surrounds the cladding. Air is drawn through the inlet by a cyclone stream within the valve. An inflatable seal is included to physically engage a fuel pin subassembly during loading of fuel pellets.

Christiansen, David W. (Kennewick, WA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Stripe Domain-Structures in a Thin Ferromagnetic Film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a theory of the stripe domain structure in a thin ferromagnetic film with single-ion easy-axis magnetic anisotropy and long-range dipole interactions, for a wide range of temperatures and applied magnetic field. The domains exist at temperatures below the reorientational phase transition from out-of-plane to in-plane magnetization. The system of stripes can be described as a liquid crystal with a preferred domain-wall orientation. The positional order is destroyed by both thermodynamical meandering of domain walls and by the proliferation of dislocations. Spatial anisotropy generated by the fourth-order exchange energy stabilizes the stripe domain structure and pins its orientation. For any temperature below the reorientational phase transition there exists a critical perpendicular-to-plane magnetic field, which separates multidomain and monodomain states of the film. The theory explains recent experimental observations.

KASHUBA, AB; Pokrovsky, Valery L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Properties of domain walls and magnetoresistance in low-doped La{sub 2-y}Sr{sub y}CuO{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect

The properties of the diagonal stripe structures of the Hubbard model are theoretically studied in relation to the incommensurate spin order and the magnetic effects detected in the dielectric phase of low-doped La{sub 2-y}Sr{sub y}CuO{sub 4} (y {<=} 0.05). The mean-field approximation is used to investigate the properties of the solutions with domain walls between antiphase antiferromagnetic domains that are centered on bonds. Such periodic structures with 2l sites in a unit cell are shown to have 2(l - 1) levels in the lower and upper Hubbard subbands and two levels that are separated into the Hubbard gap and correspond to quasi-one-dimensional states localized on domain walls. The calculation results are employed to check the assumption that the low conduction of the dielectric LSCO phase occurs via the network of domain walls. The maximum relative change in the magnetoresistance during a spin-flop transition in a critical magnetic field is estimated, and the giant magnetoresistance is qualitatively explained.

Ovchinnikova, M. Ya. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics (Russian Federation)], E-mail: movchin@center.chph.ras.ru

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

Yau-Pin Chyou  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yau-Pin Chyou Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER), TAIWAN This Speaker's Seminars R&D Status of Clean Carbon-Based Energy Technologies at INER, TAIWAN...

72

Nuclear fuel pin scanner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems and methods for inspection of nuclear fuel pins to determine fiss loading and uniformity. The system includes infeed mechanisms which stockpile, identify and install nuclear fuel pins into an irradiator. The irradiator provides extended activation times using an approximately cylindrical arrangement of numerous fuel pins. The fuel pins can be arranged in a magazine which is rotated about a longitudinal axis of rotation. A source of activating radiation is positioned equidistant from the fuel pins along the longitudinal axis of rotation. The source of activating radiation is preferably oscillated along the axis to uniformly activate the fuel pins. A detector is provided downstream of the irradiator. The detector uses a plurality of detector elements arranged in an axial array. Each detector element inspects a segment of the fuel pin. The activated fuel pin being inspected in the detector is oscillated repeatedly over a distance equal to the spacing between adjacent detector elements, thereby multiplying the effective time available for detecting radiation emissions from the activated fuel pin.

Bramblett, Richard L. (Friendswood, TX); Preskitt, Charles A. (La Jolla, CA)

1987-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

73

PINS Spectrum Identification Guide  

SciTech Connect

The Portable Isotopic Neutron SpectroscopyPINS, for shortsystem identifies the chemicals inside munitions and containers without opening them, a decided safety advantage if the fill chemical is a hazardous substance like a chemical warfare agent or an explosive. The PINS Spectrum Identification Guide is intended as a reference for technical professionals responsible for the interpretation of PINS gamma-ray spectra. The guide is divided into two parts. The three chapters that constitute Part I cover the science and technology of PINS. Neutron activation analysis is the focus of Chapter 1. Chapter 2 explores PINS hardware, software, and related operational issues. Gamma-ray spectral analysis basics are introduced in Chapter 3. The six chapters of Part II cover the identification of PINS spectra in detail. Like the PINS decision tree logic, these chapters are organized by chemical element: phosphorus-based chemicals, chlorine-based chemicals, etc. These descriptions of hazardous, toxic, and/or explosive chemicals conclude with a chapter on the identification of the inert chemicals, e.g. sand, used to fill practice munitions.

A.J. Caffrey

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Overlap valence on 2+1 flavor domain wall fermion configurations with deflation and low-mode substitution  

SciTech Connect

The overlap fermion propagator is calculated on 2+1 flavor domain-wall fermion gauge configurations on 16{sup 3}x32, 24{sup 3}x64 and 32{sup 3}x64 lattices. With hyper-cubic (HYP) smearing and low eigenmode deflation, it is shown that the inversion of the overlap operator can be expedited by {approx}20 times for the 16{sup 3}x32 lattice and {approx}80 times for the 32{sup 3}x64 lattice. The overhead cost for calculating eigenmodes ranges from 4.5 to 7.9 propagators for the above lattices. Through the study of hyperfine splitting, we found that the O(m{sup 2}a{sup 2}) error is small and these dynamical fermion lattices can adequately accommodate quark mass up to the charm quark. A preliminary calculation of the low-energy constant {Delta}{sub mix} which characterizes the discretization error of the pion made up of a pair of sea and valence quarks in this mixed-action approach is carried out via the scalar correlator with periodic and antiperiodic boundary conditions. It is found to be small which shifts a 300 MeV pion mass by {approx}10 to 19 MeV on these sets of lattices. We have studied the signal-to-noise issue of the noise source for the meson and baryon. We introduce a new algorithm with Z{sub 3} grid source and low eigenmode substitution to study the many-to-all meson and baryon correlators. It is found to be efficient in reducing errors for the correlators of both mesons and baryons. With 64-point Z{sub 3} grid source and low-mode substitution, it can reduce the statistical errors of the light quark (m{sub {pi}{approx}2}00-300 MeV) meson and nucleon correlators by a factor of {approx}3-4 as compared to the point source. The Z{sub 3} grid source itself can reduce the errors of the charmonium correlators by a factor of {approx}3.

Li, A. [Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 (United States); Alexandru, A.; Lee, F. X. [Department of Physics, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. 20052 (United States); Chen, Y. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049 (China); Doi, T. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan); Dong, S. J.; Draper, T.; Gong, M.; Horvath, I.; Liu, K. F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 (United States); Hasenfratz, A. [Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Mathur, N. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 40005 (India); Streuer, T. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Regensburg, 93040 Regensburg (Germany); Zhang, J. B. [ZIMP and Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027 (China)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Effects of Pin Detached Space on Heat Transfer and Pin-Fin Arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat transfer and pressure characteristics in a rectangular channel with pin-fin arrays of partial detachment from one of the endwalls have been experimentally studied. The overall channel geometry (W?=?76.2 mm, E?=?25.4 mm) simulates an internal cooling passage of wide aspect ratio (3:1) in a gas turbine airfoil. With a given pin diameter, D?=?6.35 mm?=?E, three different pin-fin height-to-diameter ratios, H/D?=?4, 3, and 2, were examined. Each of these three cases corresponds to a specific pin array geometry of detachment spacing (C) between the pin tip and one of the endwalls, i.e., C/D?=?0, 1, 2, respectively. The Reynolds number, based on the hydraulic diameter of the unobstructed cross-section and the mean bulk velocity, ranges from 10,000 to 25,000. The experiment employs a hybrid technique based on transient liquid crystal imaging to obtain the distributions of the local heat transfer coefficient over all of the participating surfaces, including the endwalls and all the pin elements. Experimental results reveal that the presence of a detached space between the pin tip and the endwall has a significant effect on the convective heat transfer and pressure loss in the channel. The presence of pin-to-endwall spacing promotes wall-flow interaction, generates additional separated shear layers, and augments turbulent transport. In general, an increase in detached spacing, or C/D, leads to lower heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop. However, C/D?=?1, i.e., H/D?=?3, of a staggered array configuration exhibits the highest heat transfer enhancement, followed by the cases of C/D?=?0 and C/D?=?2, i.e., H/D?=?4 or 2, respectively.

Siw, Sin C.; Chyu, Minking K.; Shih, Tom I-P.; Alvin, Mary Anne

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

PINS-3X Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Idaho National Laboratorys (INLs) Portable Isotopic Neutron Spectroscopy System (PINS) non-intrusively identifies the chemical fill of munitions and sealed containers. The PINS-3X variant of the system is used to identify explosives and uses a deuterium-tritium (DT) electronic neutron generator (ENG) as the neutron source. Use of the system, including possession and use of the neutron generator and shipment of the system components requires compliance with a number of regulations. This report outlines some of these requirements as well as some of the requirements in using the system outside of INL.

E.H. Seabury

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Inner shell radial pin geometry and mounting arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Circumferentially spaced arrays of support pins are disposed through access openings in an outer turbine shell and have projections received in recesses in forward and aft sections of an inner turbine shell supported from the outer shell. The projections have arcuate sides in a circumferential direction affording line contacts with the side walls of the recesses and are spaced from end faces of the recesses, enabling radial and axial expansion and contraction of the inner shell relative to the outer shell. All loads are taken up in a tangential direction by the outer shell with the support pins taking no radial loadings.

Leach, David (Niskayuna, NY); Bergendahl, Peter Allen (Scotia, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Nondestrucive analysis of fuel pins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosure is made of a method and a correspondingly adapted facility for the nondestructive analysis of the concentation of fuel and poison in a nuclear reactor fuel pin. The concentrations of fuel and poison in successive sections along the entire length of the fuel pin are determined by measuring the reactivity of a thermal reactor as each successive small section of the fuel pin is exposed to the neutron flux of the reactor core and comparing the measured reactivity with the reactivities measured for standard fuel pins having various known concentrations. Only a small section of the length of the fuel pin is exposed to the neutron flux at any one time while the remainder of the fuel pin is shielded from the neutron flux. In order to expose only a small section at any one time, a boron-10-lined dry traverse tube is passed through the test region within the core of a low-power thermal nuclear reactor which has a very high fuel sensitivity. A narrow window in the boron-10 lining is positioned at the core center line. The fuel pins are then systematically traversed through the tube past the narrow window such that successive small sections along the length of the fuel pin are exposed to the neutron flux which passes through the narrow window.

Stepan, I.E.; Allard, N.P.; Suter, C.R.

1972-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

79

Automated fuel pin loading system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An automated loading system for nuclear reactor fuel elements utilizes a gravity feed conveyor which permits individual fuel pins to roll along a constrained path perpendicular to their respective lengths. The individual lengths of fuel cladding are directed onto movable transports, where they are aligned coaxially with the axes of associated handling equipment at appropriate production stations. Each fuel pin can be reciprocated axially and/or rotated about its axis as required during handling steps. The fuel pins are inserted as a batch prior to welding of end caps by one of two disclosed welding systems.

Christiansen, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Brown, William F. (West Richland, WA); Steffen, Jim M. (Richland, WA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

PinBus Interface Design  

SciTech Connect

On behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy, PNNL has explored and expanded upon a simple control interface that might have merit for the inexpensive communication of smart grid operational objectives (demand response, for example) to small electric end-use devices and appliances. The approach relies on bi-directional communication via the electrical voltage states of from one to eight shared interconnection pins. The name PinBus has been suggested and adopted for the proposed interface protocol. The protocol is defined through the presentation of state diagrams and the pins functional definitions. Both simulations and laboratory demonstrations are being conducted to demonstrate the elegance and power of the suggested approach. PinBus supports a very high degree of interoperability across its interfaces, allowing innumerable pairings of devices and communication protocols and supporting the practice of practically any smart grid use case.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Adgerson, Jewel D.; Sastry, Chellury; Pratt, Richard M.; Pratt, Robert G.

2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Nested Domain Defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An example of a supersymmetric model involving two interacting chiral superfields is presented here which allows for solutions describing string-like ``domain ribbon'' defects embedded within a domain wall. It is energetically favorable for the fermions within the wall to populate the domain ribbons, and an explicit solution is found for the fermion zero modes. The Fermi gas within ribbons can allow them to stabilize in the form of small loops.

J. R. Morris

1997-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

82

The unbearable lightness of PIN cracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe new attacks on the financial PIN processing API. The attacks apply to switches as well as to verification facilities. The attacks are extremely severe allowing an attacker to expose customer PINs by executing only one or two API calls per ... Keywords: API attack, EMV, HSM, IBM 3624, VISA PVV, financial PIN processing API, insider attack, phantom withdrawal, security API

Omer Berkman; Odelia Moshe Ostrovsky

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Time, Wavelet and Hilbert-Huang Domain Analysis of Signals from Ultrasonic Based Equipment for the Non Destructive Evaluation of Concrete and Brick Masonry Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we compare the effectiveness of the time, wavelet and Hilbert-Huang domain analysis of waveforms from a Non Destructive Test (NDT) equipment. The analysis of the signals from NDT systems is one of the most important activities in the recognition ... Keywords: Hilbert-Huang transform, Magnetostrictive transducers and sensors, Non Destructive Test, Ultrasonic waves, Wavelet transform

Antonino Musolino; Marco Raugi; Mauro Tucci; Florin Turcu

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Ballast technique for laser cathode pins  

SciTech Connect

The discrete ballast resistors associated with the multiple pin array of laser cathode structures are replaced by a bulk resistive material in the form of an integral bar or slab which is maintained in contact with the plurality of pin electrodes comprising the laser cathode assembly to provide a stable ballast means. The bulk resistive member employed to provide the ballast for the pin electrodes can exhibit non-linear resistive characteristics to provide greater laser discharge stability with less power dissipation.

Hundstad, R.L.; Wutzke, S.A.

1979-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

85

NREL: Energy Sciences - Pin-Ching Maness  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pin-Ching Maness Pin-Ching Maness Principal Scientist Photo of Pin-Ching Maness Phone: (303) 384-6114 Email: pinching.maness@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 1995 Pin-Ching Maness is a Principal Scientist at NREL, where she has been employed since 1981. She received her M.S. degrees in Life Sciences from Indiana State University in 1976 and in Computer Information Systems from University of Denver in 2000. Her research interests are in the physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology of microbes with applications in bioremediation and the production of H2 and high-value bio-based products. Her areas of research include isolation and development from nature microorganisms with respect to H2-production activity, purification and characterization of the hydrogenase and related proteins, and understanding

86

AOCS Membership Certificate and Lapel Pin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS Membership Certificate and Lapel Pin Membership Merchandise Membership Merchandise Buy both and save! 47FDA0A38045E70092CA08D7BAAE35D8 M-CERTPIN 2011

87

Available Technologies: Conducting Domain Walls in Insulating ...  

He, Q. Zhan, Y.-H. Chu, A. Rother, M.E. Hawkridge, P. Maksymovych, P. Yu, M. Gajek, N. Balke, S.V. Kalinin, S. Gemming, F. Wang, G. Catalan, J.F. Scott, ...

88

Conducting Domain Walls in Insulating Oxides - Energy ...  

He, Q. Zhan, Y.-H. Chu, A. Rother, M.E. Hawkridge, P. Maksymovych, P. Yu, M. Gajek, N. Balke, S.V. Kalinin, S. Gemming, F. Wang, G. Catalan, J.F. Scott, ...

89

PINS Testing and Modification for Explosive Identification  

SciTech Connect

The INL's Portable Isotopic Neutron Spectroscopy System (PINS)1 non-intrusively identifies the chemical fill of munitions and sealed containers. PINS is used routinely by the U.S. Army, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, and foreign military units to determine the contents of munitions and other containers suspected to contain explosives, smoke-generating chemicals, and chemical warfare agents such as mustard and nerve gas. The objects assayed with PINS range from softball-sized M139 chemical bomblets to 200 gallon DOT 500X ton containers. INL had previously examined2 the feasibility of using a similar system for the identification of explosives, and based on this proof-of-principle test, the development of a dedicated system for the identification of explosives in an improvised nuclear device appears entirely feasible. INL has been tasked by NNSA NA-42 Render Safe Research and Development with the development of such a system.

E.H. Seabury; A.J. Caffrey

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Effects of mesh density and flow conditioning in simulating 7-pin wire wrapped fuel pins.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to the goals outlined by the U.S. Department of Energy's Global Nuclear Energy Partnership program, Argonne National Laboratory has initiated an effort to create an integrated multi-physics multi-resolution thermal hydraulic simulation tool package for the evaluation of nuclear power plant design and safety. As part of this effort, the applicability of a variety of thermal hydraulic analysis methods for the prediction of heat transfer and fluid dynamics in the wire-wrapped fuel-rod bundles found in a fast reactor core is being evaluated. The work described herein provides an initial assessment of the capabilities of the general purpose commercial computational fluid dynamics code Star-CD for the prediction of fluid dynamic characteristics in a wire wrapped fast reactor fuel assembly. A 7-pin wire wrapped fuel rod assembly based on the dimensions of fuel elements in the concept Advanced Burner Test Reactor [1] was simulated for different mesh densities and domain configurations. A model considering a single axial span of the wire wrapped fuel assembly was initially used to assess mesh resolution effects. The influence of the inflow/outflow boundary conditions on the predicted flow fields in the single-span model were then investigated through comparisons with the central span region of models which included 3 and 5 spans. The change in grid refinement had minimal impact on the inter-channel exchange within the assembly resulting in roughly a 5 percent maximum difference. The central span of the 3-span and 5-span cases exhibits much higher velocities than the single span case,, with the largest deviation (15 to 20 percent) occurring furthest away from the wire spacer grids in the higher velocity regions. However, the differences between predicted flow fields in the 3-span and 5-span models are minimal.

Smith, J. G.; Babin, B. R.; Pointer, W. D.; Fischer, P. F. (Mathematics and Computer Science); ( NE); (Kansas State Univ.)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Walls Falling Faster for Solid-State Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... found that flaws in the structure of magnetic nanoscale wires play an ... the domain walls, and the information they enclose, through the wire and past ...

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

92

Renewal sequences, disordered potentials, and pinning phenomena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an overview of the state of the art of the analysis of disordered models of pinning on a defect line. This class of models includes a number of well known and much studied systems (like polymer pinning on a defect line, wetting of interfaces on a disordered substrate and the Poland-Scheraga model of DNA denaturation). A remarkable aspect is that, in absence of disorder, all the models in this class are exactly solvable and they display a localization-delocalization transition that one understands in full detail. Moreover the behavior of such systems near criticality is controlled by a parameter and one observes, by tuning the parameter, the full spectrum of critical behaviors, ranging from first order to infinite order transitions. This is therefore an ideal set-up in which to address the question of the effect of disorder on the phase transition,notably on critical properties. We will review recent results that show that the physical prediction that goes under the name of Harris criterion is indeed fully correct for pinning models. Beyond summarizing the results, we will sketch most of the arguments of proof.

Giambattista Giacomin

2008-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

93

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

94

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

95

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

96

Retractable pin dual in-line package test clip  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a Dual In-Line Package (DIP) test clip for use when troubleshooting circuits containing DIP integrated circuits. This test clip is a significant improvement over existing DIP test clips in that it has retractable pins which will permit troubleshooting without risk of accidentally shorting adjacent pins together when moving probes to different pins on energized circuits or when the probe is accidentally bumped while taking measurements.

Bandzuch, Gregory S. (Washington, PA); Kosslow, William J. (Jefferson Boro, PA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Development of 3D pseudo pin-by-pin calculation methodology in ANC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced cores and fuel assembly designs have been developed to improve operational flexibility, economic performance and further enhance safety features of nuclear power plants. The simulation of these new designs, along with strong heterogeneous fuel loading, have brought new challenges to the reactor physics methodologies currently employed in the industrial codes for core analyses. Control rod insertion during normal operation is one operational feature in the AP1000{sup R} plant of Westinghouse next generation Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) design. This design improves its operational flexibility and efficiency but significantly challenges the conventional reactor physics methods, especially in pin power calculations. The mixture loading of fuel assemblies with significant neutron spectrums causes a strong interaction between different fuel assembly types that is not fully captured with the current core design codes. To overcome the weaknesses of the conventional methods, Westinghouse has developed a state-of-the-art 3D Pin-by-Pin Calculation Methodology (P3C) and successfully implemented in the Westinghouse core design code ANC. The new methodology has been qualified and licensed for pin power prediction. The 3D P3C methodology along with its application and validation will be discussed in the paper. (authors)

Zhang, B.; Mayhue, L.; Huria, H.; Ivanov, B. [Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, 1000 Westinghouse Drive, Cranberry, PA 16066 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Pin diameter optimization in 1200 MWe heterogeneous vs. homogeneous LMFBRs  

SciTech Connect

LMFBRs with internal blankets (heterogeneous reactors) are known for reducing the sodium void reactivity and increasing the breeding ratio. As for homogeneous reactors, the optimization of the fuel pin diameter for heterogeneous reactors is of great interest. The optimum pin diameter is obtained by changing the fuel pin diameter until the homogenized fuel volume fraction is the same as the optimum fuel volume fraction of the homogeneous core. The optimization of the fuel pin diameter with respect to doubling time for a loosely coupled 1200 MWe oxide heterogeneous reactor is described. The results are compared with those of a homogeneous reactor.

Orechwa, Y.; Turski, R.B.; King, M.J.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Verification of the SIMULATE-3 pin power distribution calculation  

SciTech Connect

The advanced nodal code SIMULATE-3 includes the capability to generate detailed pin-by-pin power distributions. An extensive series of benchmark calculations have been performed to verify the accuracy of this capability. Fuel depletion and fuel depletion after shuffling applications were examined. Comparisons were made among SIMULATE-3, higher order transport theory calculations, and calculations performed using fine-mesh finite difference diffusion theory. Detailed pin power data from multiassembly (colorsets) and quarter-core geometries were compared. The results demonstrate the accuracy of SIMULATE-3 relative to currently accepted methods of generating pin power data.

DiGiovine, A.S.; Gorski, J.P.; Tremblay, M.A. (Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Boston, MA (USA))

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Positioning and locking device for fuel pin to grid attachment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positioning and locking device for fuel pin to grid attachment provides an inexpensive means of positively positioning and locking the individual fuel pins which make up the driver fuel assemblies used in nuclear reactors. The device can be adapted for use with a currently used attachment grid assembly design and insures that the pins remain in their proper position throughout the in-reactor life of the assembly. This device also simplifies fuel bundle assembly in that a complete row of fuel pins can be added to the bundle during each step of assembly.

Frick, Thomas M. (Irwin, PA); Wineman, Arthur L. (Greensburg, PA)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Thermal analysis of the FSP-1 fuel pin irradiation test  

SciTech Connect

Thermal analysis of a pin from the FSP-1 fuels irradiation test has been completed. The purpose of the analysis was to provide predictions of fuel pin temperatures, determine the flow regime within the lithium annulus of the test assembly, and provide a standardized model for a consistent basis of comparison between pins within the test assembly. The calculations have predicted that the pin is operating at slightly above the test design temperatures and that the flow regime within the lithium annulus is a laminar buoyancy driven flow. 7 refs., 5 figs.

Lyon, W.F. III.

1990-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

102

Two Pinning Models with Markov disorder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disordered pinning models deal with the (de)localization tran- sition of a polymer in interaction with a heterogeneous interface. In this paper, we focus on two models where the inhomogeneities at the interface are not independent but given by an irreducible Markov chain on a finite state space. In the first model, using Markov renewal tools, we give an expression for the annealed critical curve in terms of a Perron-Frobenius eigenvalue, and provide examples where exact computations are possible. In the second model, the transition matrix vary with the size of the system so that, roughly speaking, disorder is more and more correlated. In this case we are able to give the limit of the averaged quenched free energy, therefore providing the full phase diagram picture, and the number of critical points is related to the number of states of the Markov chain. We also mention that the question of pinning in correlated disorder appears in the context of DNA denaturation.

Poisat, Julien

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Identifying Linking-Pin Organizations in Inter-Organizational Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the large literature on inter-organizational networks, there has been some discussion of linking-pin organizations and the role they play in integrating these networks. Based on this verbal specification of linking-pin organizations, we construct ... Keywords: centrality, cut points, interorganizational networks, organizations, structural holes

Patrick Doreian; Kayo Fujimoto

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Optical fuel pin scanner. [Patent application; for reading identifications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to an optical identification system developed for post-irradiation disassembly and analysis of fuel bundle assemblies. The apparatus is designed to be lowered onto a stationary fuel pin to read identification numbers or letters imprinted on the circumference of the top fuel pin and cap. (DLC)

Kirchner, T.L.; Powers, H.G.

1980-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

105

Retrievable fuel pin end member for a nuclear reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bottom end member (17b) on a retrievable fuel pin (13b) secures the pin (13b) within a nuclear reactor (12) by engaging on a transverse attachment rail (18) with a spring clip type of action. Removal and reinstallation if facilitated as only axial movement of the fuel pin (13b) is required for either operation. A pair of resilient axially extending blades (31) are spaced apart to define a slot (24) having a seat region (34) which receives the rail (18) and having a land region (37), closer to the tips (39) of the blades (31) which is normally of less width than the rail (18). Thus an axially directed force sufficient to wedge the resilient blades (31) apart is required to emplace or release the fuel pin (13b) such force being greater than the axial forces on the fuel pins (13b) which occur during operation of the reactor (12).

Rosa, Jerry M. (Los Gatos, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Design and development of an automated pinning machine for the surface mount electronics industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the development of a concept for a pinning process and the associated machinery to handle odd-form pins specific to a company in the surface mount electronics industry. The developed pinning machine ...

Cook, Daniel J., M. Eng. (Daniel James). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Dynamics of lattice pinned charge stripes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the transversal dynamics of a charged stripe (quantum string) and show that zero temperature quantum fluctuations are able to depin it from the lattice. If the hopping amplitude t is much smaller than the string tension J, the string is pinned by the underlying lattice. At t>>J, the string is depinned and allowed to move freely, if we neglect the effect of impurities. By mapping the system onto a 1D array of Josephson junctions, we show that the quantum depinning occurs at t/J = 2 / pi^2. Besides, we exploit the relation of the stripe Hamiltonian to the sine-Gordon theory and calculate the infrared excitation spectrum of the quantum string for arbitrary t/J values.

Y. A. Dimashko; C. Morais Smith; N. Hasselmann; A. O. Caldeira

1999-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

108

Pin stack array for thermoacoustic energy conversion  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoacoustic stack for connecting two heat exchangers in a thermoacoustic energy converter provides a convex fluid-solid interface in a plane perpendicular to an axis for acoustic oscillation of fluid between the two heat exchangers. The convex surfaces increase the ratio of the fluid volume in the effective thermoacoustic volume that is displaced from the convex surface to the fluid volume that is adjacent the surface within which viscous energy losses occur. Increasing the volume ratio results in an increase in the ratio of transferred thermal energy to viscous energy losses, with a concomitant increase in operating efficiency of the thermoacoustic converter. The convex surfaces may be easily provided by a pin array having elements arranged parallel to the direction of acoustic oscillations and with effective radial dimensions much smaller than the thicknesses of the viscous energy loss and thermoacoustic energy transfer volumes.

Keolian, Robert M. (Monterey, CA); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Semiconductor P-I-N detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A semiconductor P-I-N detector including an intrinsic wafer, a P-doped layer, an N-doped layer, and a boundary layer for reducing the diffusion of dopants into the intrinsic wafer. The boundary layer is positioned between one of the doped regions and the intrinsic wafer. The intrinsic wafer can be composed of CdZnTe or CdTe, the P-doped layer can be composed of ZnTe doped with copper, and the N-doped layer can be composed of CdS doped with indium. The boundary layers is formed of an undoped semiconductor material. The boundary layer can be deposited onto the underlying intrinsic wafer. The doped regions are then typically formed by a deposition process or by doping a section of the deposited boundary layer.

Sudharsanan, Rengarajan (53 Timber Line Dr., Nashua, NH 03062); Karam, Nasser H. (577 Lowell St., Lexington, MA 02173)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Michael J. Donahue: Selected Abstracts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The walls either jump with the electron flow between pinning sites, or the ... spirals and with simulations testing vortex and domain wall mobility. ...

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

A PWR Thorium Pin Cell Burnup Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

As part of work to evaluate the potential benefits of using thorium in LWR fuel, a thorium fueled benchmark comparison was made in this study between state-of-the-art codes, MOCUP (MCNP4B + ORIGEN2), and CASMO-4 for burnup calculations. The MOCUP runs were done individually at MIT and INEEL, using the same model but with some differences in techniques and cross section libraries. Eigenvalue and isotope concentrations were compared on a PWR pin cell model up to high burnup. The eigenvalue comparison as a function of burnup is good: the maximum difference is within 2% and the average absolute difference less than 1%. The isotope concentration comparisons are better than a set of MOX fuel benchmarks and comparable to a set of uranium fuel benchmarks reported in the literature. The actinide and fission product data sources used in the MOCUP burnup calculations for a typical thorium fuel are documented. Reasons for code vs code differences are analyzed and discussed.

Weaver, Kevan Dean; Zhao, X.; Pilat, E. E; Hejzlar, P.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Anatomy of a Nuclear Pin Assembly | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Anatomy of a Nuclear Pin Assembly Anatomy of a Nuclear Pin Assembly Anatomy of a Nuclear Pin Assembly January 29, 2013 - 10:02am Addthis Anatomy of a Nuclear Pin Assembly What are the key facts? A method for building predictability into the NEAMS Toolkit is to correctly capture the material properties at the microstructural level. Upscaling, or bridging the scales is an equally complicated challenge for multi-scale simulation efforts. While posing a significant challenge, materials and other fundamental modeling efforts are a way to effectively leverage resources. Even with the most advanced supercomputing power no model is able to capture everything happening at all scales, so it's necessary to really understand the system of interest by equally understanding the dominant physical parameters of that system. Only these dominant effects will be

113

Correlation between Flux Pinning Property and Interfacial Defects in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both the self-field and in-field critical current densities were improved as ... Effect of Strain on the Critical Current and Flux Pinning in YBa2Cu3O7-delta Coated...

114

Post-refinement multiscale method for pin power reconstruction  

SciTech Connect

The ability to accurately predict local pin powers in nuclear reactors is necessary to understand the mechanisms that cause fuel pin failure during steady state and transient operation. In the research presented here, methods are developed to improve the local solution using high order methods with boundary conditions from a low order global solution. Several different core configurations were tested to determine the improvement in the local pin powers compared to the standard techniques based on diffusion theory and pin power reconstruction (PPR). The post-refinement multiscale methods use the global solution to determine boundary conditions for the local solution. The local solution is solved using either a fixed boundary source or an albedo boundary condition; this solution is 'post-refinement' and thus has no impact on the global solution. (authors)

Collins, B.; Seker, V.; Downar, T. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, Univ. of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd., Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Xu, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Pin and roller attachment system for ceramic blades  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a turbine, a plurality of blades are attached to a turbine wheel by way of a plurality of joints which form a rolling contact between the blades and the turbine wheel. Each joint includes a pin and a pair of rollers to provide rolling contact between the pin and an adjacent pair of blades. Because of this rolling contact, high stress scuffing between the blades and the turbine wheel reduced, thereby inhibiting catastrophic failure of the blade joints. 3 figs.

Shaffer, J.E.

1995-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

116

Pin and roller attachment system for ceramic blades  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a turbine, a plurality of blades are attached to a turbine wheel by way of a plurality of joints which form a rolling contact between the blades and the turbine wheel. Each joint includes a pin and a pair of rollers to provide rolling contact between the pin and an adjacent pair of blades. Because of this rolling contact, high stress scuffing between the blades and the turbine wheel reduced, thereby inhibiting catastrophic failure of the blade joints.

Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Application of the pulsed magnetic welding process to nuclear breeder reactor fuel pin end closures  

SciTech Connect

The pulsed magnetic welding process is a solid state welding process in which metallurgical bonding is effected by impacting metal or alloy parts against each other at high velocity by use of controlled high frequency, high intensity pulsed magnetic fields. This process is similar to the explosive welding process except that magnetic energy is used for impacting the parts together instead of using explosive energy. The pulsed magnetic welding (PMW) process is readily applied to the welding of cylindrical plugs to small diameter tubes. Although breeder reactor fuel pin design may vary in size, the application described here consisted of cladding tubes approximately 6.4 mm in diameter by 244 cm long with a wall thickness of 0.38 mm. After the cladding tubes are filled with fuel pellets and associated metal hardware, tapered end plugs are inserted into the end of the tubes and welded. A typical setup for PMW is described.

Brown, W.F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

MICRO PIN ARRAY DETECTOR (MIPA): FIRST TEST RESULTS.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A novel gas proportional detector, consisting of an array of pins immersed into a cathode made out of closely packed hexagonals has been developed. The resulting geometry of the detector is 3 dimensional. Electron multiplication is limited to a region in close proximity to the tip of each pin, where the electric field decreases with distance from the pin at a rate faster than l/r, the rate that exists in a traditional wire chamber. The multiplication region is limited to a small part of the detector volume leading to stability of operation up to high charge gas gains. The amplification region is located far enough from any dielectric surface that the gas gain is insensitive to the charge state of the surface, a significant benefit compared with many other micro-pattern detectors. The microscopic dimensions of the individual pins of the array result in signals whose total duration is about a microsecond. Two identical, but opposite polarity signals are detected, one on the pin and one on the cathode. Both signals can be used by two independent, charge division, read-out systems to obtain unambiguous x-y position information of the primary ionization.

REHAK,P.; SMITH,G.C.; WARREN,J.B.; YU,B.

1999-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

119

MICRO PIN ARRAY DETECTOR (MIPA): FIRST TEST RESULTS.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A novel gas proportional detector, consisting of an array of pins immersed into a cathode made out of closely packed hexagonals has been developed. The resulting geometry of the detector is 3 dimensional. Electron multiplication is limited to a region in close proximity to the tip of each pin, where the electric field decreases with distance from the pin at a rate faster than 1/r, the rate that exists in a traditional wire chamber. The multiplication region is limited to a small part of the detector volume leading to stability of operation up to high charge gas gains. The amplification region is located far enough from any dielectric surface that the gas gain is insensitive to the charge state of the surface, a significant benefit compared with many other micro-pattern detectors. The microscopic dimensions of the individual pins of the array result in signals whose total duration is about a microsecond. Two identical, but opposite polarity signals are detected, one on the pin and one on the cathode. Both signals can be used by two independent, charge division, read-out systems to obtain unambiguous x-y position information of the primary ionization.

REHAK,P.; SMITH,G.C.; WARREN,J.B.; YU,B.

1999-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

TransWall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, imagining modern buildings without glass is difficult, and glass walls can be found almost everywhere around us. Glass has been one of the most valued materials owing to its transparency. Glass walls' transparency in modern architecture involves ...

Heejeong Heo; Seungki Kim; Hyungkun Park; Jeeyong Chung; Geehyuk Lee; Woohun Lee

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Anisotropy of strong pinning in multi-band superconductors  

SciTech Connect

The field-angular dependence and anisotropy of the critical current density in iron-based superconductors is evaluated using a phenomenological approach featuring distinct anisotropy factors for the penetration depth and the coherence length. Both the weak collective pinning limit and the strong pinning limit relevant for iron-based superconductors at low magnetic fields are considered. It is found that in the more anisotropic materials, such as SmFeAsO and NdFeAsO, the field-angular dependence is completely dominated by the coherence length (upper critical field) anisotropy, thereby explaining recent results on the critical current in these materials. In less anisotropic superconductors, strong pinning can lead to an apparent inversion of the anisotropy. Finally, it is shown that, under all circumstances, the ratio of the c-axis and ab-plane critical current densities for the magnetic field along the ab-plane directly yields the coherence length anisotropy factor ??.

van der Beek, C.J.; Konczykowski, M.; Prozorov, Ruslan

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

122

Prismatic wall heater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A prismatic beam concentrator mounted at the top of two adjacent walls so as to receive a rectangular incipient beam of diffused sunlight and emit a vertical concentrated sheet beam through a cavity between the walls to a mirror which reflects the beam at right angles onto a radiant iron bar at the base of one wall, as a source of supplemental household heat.

Clegg, J. E.

1985-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

123

Fluidized wall for protecting fusion chamber walls  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for protecting the inner wall of a fusion chamber from microexplosion debris, x-rays, neutrons, etc. produced by deuterium-tritium (DT) targets imploded within the fusion chamber. The apparatus utilizes a fluidized wall similar to a waterfall comprising liquid lithium or solid pellets of lithium-ceramic, the waterfall forming a blanket to prevent damage of the structural materials of the chamber.

Maniscalco, James A. (Danville, CA); Meier, Wayne R. (Livermore, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Eminent Domain Law (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations confer the power of eminent domain and describe procedures for exercising eminent domain in Iowa.

125

Welding austenitic steel clads for fast reactor fuel pins  

SciTech Connect

ABS>From symposium on fuel and elements for fast reactors; Brussels. Belgium (2 Jul 1973). Developmental programs aimed at fabrication of stainless steelclad PuO/sub 2/ fuel pins are described. Information and data are included on welding fast reactor fuel cans, methods of reducing the incidence of weld cracking, effects of weld stresses, and fuel plug design. (JRD)

Papeleux, P.; Flipot, A.J.; Lafontaine, I.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Image analysis for remote examination of fuel pins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An image analysis system operating in the Wing 9 Hot Cell Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory provides quantitative microstructural analyses of irradiated fuels and materials. With this system, fewer photomicrographs are required during postirradiation microstructural examination and data are available for analysis much faster. The system has been used successfully to examine Westinghouse Advanced Reactors Division experimental fuel pins.

Cook, J.H.; Nayak, U.P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Partitioning Routing Area into Zones with Distinct Pins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topological routing has gained importance in state-of-the-art layout synthesis. This paper poses the problem of partitioning the routing area of a given placement into a minimum set of zones such that in each zone, no two pins belong to the same net. ...

K. Sinha; S. Sur-Kolay; B. B. Bhattacharya; P. S. Dasgupta

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Assemblies with both target and fuel pins in an isotope-production reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for producing tritium in a fast breeder reactor cooled with liquid metal. Lithium target material is placed in pins adjacent to fuel pins in order to increase the tritium production rate.

Cawley, W.E.; Omberg, R.P.

1982-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

129

Development of control system to automate the PCB pin insertion process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the development of the control system that runs the automated pin insertion machine in a surface mount technology assembly line. The control system is divided into 2 subsystems viz. pin sorting and ...

Isaac, Rejin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Tokamak reactor first wall  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an improved first wall construction for a tokamak fusion reactor vessel, or other vessels subjected to similar pressure and thermal stresses.

Creedon, R.L.; Levine, H.E.; Wong, C.; Battaglia, J.

1984-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

131

Collector: storage wall systems  

SciTech Connect

Passive Trombe wall systems require massive masonry walls to minimize large temperature swings and movable night insulation to prevent excessive night heat losses. As a solar energy collection system, Trombe wall systems have low efficiencies because of the nature of the wall and, if auxiliary heat is needed, because of absorption of this heat. Separation of collector and storage functions markedly improves the efficiency. A simple fiberglass absorber can provide high efficiency while phase change storage provides a compact storage unit. The need for movable insulation is obviated.

Boardman, H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Method and apparatus for detecting irregularities on or in the wall of a vessel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of detecting irregularities on or in the wall of a vessel by detecting localized spatial temperature differentials on the wall surface, comprising scanning the vessel surface with a thermal imaging camera and recording the position of the or each region for which the thermal image from the camera is indicative of such a temperature differential across the region. The spatial temperature differential may be formed by bacterial growth on the vessel surface; alternatively, it may be the result of defects in the vessel wall such as thin regions or pin holes or cracks. The detection of leaks through the vessel wall may be enhanced by applying a pressure differential or a temperature differential across the vessel wall; the testing for leaks may be performed with the vessel full or empty, and from the inside or the outside.

Bowling, Michael Keith (Blackborough Cullompton, GB)

2000-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

133

Domain Bubbles of Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

``Dimension bubbles'' of the type previously studied by Blau and Guendelman [S.K. Blau and E.I. Guendelman, Phys. Rev. D40, 1909 (1989)], which effectively enclose a region of 5d spacetime and are surrounded by a region of 4d spacetime, can arise in a 5d theory with a compact extra dimension that is dimensionally reduced to give an effective 4d theory. These bubbles with thin domain walls can be stabilized against total collapse in a rather natural way by a scalar field which, as in the case with ``ordinary'' nontopological solitons, traps light scalar particles inside the bubble.

J. R. Morris

2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

134

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion...

135

Walls and Windows  

SciTech Connect

Energy travels in and out of a building through the walls and windows by means of conduction, convection, and radiation. The walls and windows, complex systems in themselves, are part of the overall building system. A wall system is composed of multiple layers that work in concert to provide shelter from the exterior weather. Wall systems vary in the degree to which they provide thermal resistance, moisture resistance, durability, and thermal storage. High tech windows are now available that can resist radiation heat transfer while still providing light and visibility. The combination of walls and windows within the building system can be adapted to meet a wide range of environmental conditions, recognizing that the best building envelope system for one climate may not be the first choice for another location.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Renewal convergence rates and correlation decay for homogeneous pinning models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A class of discrete renewal processes with super-exponentially decaying inter-arrival distributions coincides with the infinite volume limit of general homogeneous pinning models in their localized phase. Pinning models are statistical mechanics systems to which a lot of attention has been devoted both for their relevance for applications and because they are solvable models exhibiting a non-trivial phase transition. The spatial decay of correlations in these systems is directly mapped to the speed of convergence to equilibrium for the associated renewal processes. We show that close to criticality, under general assumptions, the correlation decay rate, or the renewal convergence rate, coincides with the inter-arrival decay rate. We also show that, in general, this is false away from criticality. Under a stronger assumption on the inter-arrival distribution we establish a local limit theorem, capturing thus the sharp asymptotic behavior of correlations.

Giacomin, Giambattista

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Renewal convergence rates and correlation decay for homogeneous pinning models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A class of discrete renewal processes with super-exponentially decaying inter-arrival distributions coincides with the infinite volume limit of general homogeneous pinning models in their localized phase. Pinning models are statistical mechanics systems to which a lot of attention has been devoted both for their relevance for applications and because they are solvable models exhibiting a non-trivial phase transition. The spatial decay of correlations in these systems is directly mapped to the speed of convergence to equilibrium for the associated renewal processes. We show that close to criticality, under general assumptions, the correlation decay rate, or the renewal convergence rate, coincides with the inter-arrival decay rate. We also show that, in general, this is false away from criticality. Under a stronger assumption on the inter-arrival distribution we establish a local limit theorem, capturing thus the sharp asymptotic behavior of correlations.

Giambattista Giacomin

2007-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

138

Evaluation of rodded BWR assembly pin powers with simulate  

SciTech Connect

In the development of Studsvik's nodal code SIMULATE5, special attention has been given to the accurate description of pin powers. The code solves the multi-group diffusion or simplified P3 equations with high spatial resolution. A short description is given of the handling of material heterogeneities in the axial and radial directions - the axial re-homogenization and the radial sub-mesh model, respectively. Furthermore, two models which are of special importance in the presence of control rods, and hence on the pellet clad interaction (PCI) phenomenon, are described; the quarter-assembly thermal-hydraulic treatment and the depletion of absorber material. A numerical example for a real core shows that while the impact of the fine grained description is negligible on global parameters such as k{sub eff}, the effect on pin powers may be substantial. For a deeply inserted and highly depleted control rod, the difference in pin powers caused by neglecting the advanced models of SIMULATE5, may be as high as 15 %. (authors)

Bahadir, T. [Studsvik Scandpower, Inc., 309 Waverly Oaks Road (United States); Lindahl, S. Oe. [Studsvik Scandpower AB, Stensborgsgatan 4, SE-721 32 Vaesteraas (Sweden)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Numerical study of domain coarsening in anisotropic stripe patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the coarsening of two-dimensional smectic polycrystals characterized by grains of oblique stripes with only two possible orientations. For this purpose, an anisotropic Swift-Hohenberg equation is solved. For quenches close enough to the onset of stripe formation, the average domain size increases with time as $t^{1/2}$. Further from onset, anisotropic pinning forces similar to Peierls stresses in solid crystals slow down defects, and growth becomes anisotropic. In a wide range of quench depths, dislocation arrays remain mobile and dislocation density roughly decays as $t^{-1/3}$, while chevron boundaries are totally pinned. We discuss some agreements and disagreements found with recent experimental results on the coarsening of anisotropic electroconvection patterns.

Denis Boyer

2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

140

Optical coherence domain reflectometry guidewire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A guidewire with optical sensing capabilities is based on a multiplexed optical coherence domain reflectometer (OCDR), which allows it to sense location, thickness, and structure of the arterial walls or other intra-cavity regions as it travels through the body during minimally invasive medical procedures. This information will be used both to direct the guidewire through the body by detecting vascular junctions and to evaluate the nearby tissue. The guidewire contains multiple optical fibers which couple light from the proximal to distal end. Light from the fibers at the distal end of the guidewire is directed onto interior cavity walls via small diameter optics such as gradient index lenses and mirrored corner cubes. Both forward viewing and side viewing fibers can be included. The light reflected or scattered from the cavity walls is then collected by the fibers, which are multiplexed at the proximal end to the sample arm of an optical low coherence reflectometer. The guidewire can also be used in nonmedical applications.

Colston, Billy W. (Livermore, CA); Everett, Matthew (Pleasanton, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Scaling Behavior of the First Arrival Time of a Random-Walking Magnetic Domain  

SciTech Connect

We report a universal scaling behavior of the first arrival time of a traveling magnetic domain wall into a finite space-time observation window of a magneto-optical microscope enabling direct visualization of a Barkhausen avalanche in real time. The first arrival time of the traveling magnetic domain wall exhibits a nontrivial fluctuation and its statistical distribution is described by universal power-law scaling with scaling exponents of 1.34 {+-} 0.07 for CoCr and CoCrPt films, despite their quite different domain evolution patterns. Numerical simulation of the first arrival time with an assumption that the magnetic domain wall traveled as a random walker well matches our experimentally observed scaling behavior, providing an experimental support for the random-walking model of traveling magnetic domain walls.

Im, M.-Y.; Lee, S.-H.; Kim, D.-H.; Fischer, P.; Shin, S.-C.

2008-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

142

Passive Time Coincidence Measurements with HEU Oxide Fuel Pins  

SciTech Connect

Passive time coincidence measurements have been performed on highly enriched uranium (HEU) oxide fuel pins at the Idaho National Laboratory Power Burst Facility. These experiments evaluate HEU detection capability using passive coincidence counting when utilizing moderated 3He tubes. Data acquisition was performed with the Nuclear Material Identification System (NMIS) to calculate the neutron coincidence time distributions. The amounts of HEU measured were 1 kg, 4 kg, and 8 kg in sealed 55-gallon drums. Data collected with the 3He tubes also include passive measurement of 31 kg of depleted uranium (DU) in order to determine the ability to distinguish HEU from DU. This paper presents results from the measurements.

McConchie, Seth M [ORNL; Hausladen, Paul [ORNL; Mihalczo, John T [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Welding fixture for nuclear fuel pin cladding assemblies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A welding fixture for locating a driver sleeve about the open end of a nuclear fuel pin cladding. The welding fixture includes a holder provided with an open cavity having shoulders for properly positioning the driver sleeve, the end cap, and a soft, high temperature resistant plastic protective sleeve that surrounds a portion of the end cap stem. Ejected contaminant particles spewed forth by closure of the cladding by pulsed magnetic welding techniques are captured within a contamination trap formed in the holder for ultimate removal and disposal of contaminating particles along with the holder.

Oakley, David J. (Richland, WA); Feld, Sam H. (West Richland, WA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Quasi-pinning and entanglement in the lithium isoelectronic series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pauli exclusion principle gives an upper bound of 1 on the natural occupation numbers. Recently there has been an intriguing amount of theoretical evidence that there is a plethora of additional generalized Pauli restrictions or (in)equalities, of kinematic nature, satisfied by these numbers. Here for the first time a numerical analysis of the nature of such constraints is effected in real atoms. The inequalities are nearly saturated, or quasi-pinned. For rank-six and rank-seven approximations for lithium, the deviation from saturation is smaller than the lowest occupancy number. For a rank-eight approximation we find well-defined families of saturation conditions.

Carlos L. Benavides-Riveros; Jos M. Gracia-Bonda; Michael Springborg

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

145

Welding fixture for nuclear fuel pin cladding assemblies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A welding fixture is described for locating a driver sleeve about the open end of a nuclear fuel pin cladding. The welding fixture includes a holder provided with an open cavity having shoulders for properly positioning the driver sleeve, the end cap, and a soft, high temperature resistant plastic protective sleeve that surrounds a portion of the end cap stem. Ejected contaminant particles spewed forth by closure of the cladding by pulsed magnetic welding techniques are captured within a contamination trap formed in the holder for ultimate removal and disposal of contaminating particles along with the holder.

Oakley, D.J.; Feld, S.H.

1984-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

146

Some thermal transport properties of the FPU model with quadratic pinning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal transport properties of the FPU $\\beta$ model with a quadratic pinning term are investigated for various couplings and temperatures. In particular, the size dependence of the thermal conductivity, $\\kappa\\propto L^\\alpha$, is studied. $\\alpha$ agrees with that of the FPU $\\beta$ model (with no pinning) at high temperatures but decreases at low temperatures. This crossover behavior occurs at a temperature depending on the strength of the quadratic pinning.

Kenichiro Aoki

2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

147

Comment on "Analysis of quantum coherent semiconductor quantum dot p-i-n junction photovoltaic cells"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a comment on PRL paper by A.P. Kirk "Analysis of quantum coherent semiconductor quantum dot p-i-n junction photovoltaic cells"

Scully, Marlan O

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Design of Radial pin Si Nanowires for High Performance Solar Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quantum efficiency of solar cells, like of any photon detector, is dictated by the ability to absorb photons to create conducting carriers, and the efficiency to drive such carriers to electrodes for collection. Having a medium that enables full photon absorption in a short length, together with a long carrier lifetime that allows photo-generated carriers to reach electrodes before recombining are ideal, but are not always realistic. For example, silicon photovoltaics, despite being a major player in the solar cell market, suffer from the low absorption coefficient, thus requiring a thick absorbing layer which impairs the efficiency with which photogenerated carriers are collected. Radial silicon nanowires have been proposed as a candidate for reducing the optical absorption length and required processing purity in Si based solar cells without compromising their quantum efficiency and yet reducing the overall cell cost. On the one hand, incident light propagates along the axial dimension of the wires, and thus has a greater chance of being absorbed when the wire length extends beyond 10m due to inter-array light scattering effects. On the other hand, the core/shell p-i-n structure leads electrical current flow along sub-micron radii, which enables rapid collection of most photogenerated carriers as the transport length is typically less than the diffusion lengths of minority carriers. In this work, we perform Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) simulation to investigate the absorption process in arrayed radial nanowires.

Nguyen, Binh-Minh [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yoo, Jinkyoung [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dayeh, Shadi [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Picraux, Samuel Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

149

Thermal treatment wall  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermal treatment wall emplaced to perform in-situ destruction of contaminants in groundwater. Thermal destruction of specific contaminants occurs by hydrous pyrolysis/oxidation at temperatures achievable by existing thermal remediation techniques (electrical heating or steam injection) in the presence of oxygen or soil mineral oxidants, such as MnO.sub.2. The thermal treatment wall can be installed in a variety of configurations depending on the specific objectives, and can be used for groundwater cleanup, wherein in-situ destruction of contaminants is carried out rather than extracting contaminated fluids to the surface, where they are to be cleaned. In addition, the thermal treatment wall can be used for both plume interdiction and near-wellhead in-situ groundwater treatment. Thus, this technique can be utilized for a variety of groundwater contamination problems.

Aines, Roger D. (Livermore, CA); Newmark, Robin L. (Livermore, CA); Knauss, Kevin G. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

BNL | Joseph S. Wall  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joseph S. Wall Joseph S. Wall Emeritus Research Interests Mass mapping of unstained biological molecules with the scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM), particularly assemblies of complexes from subunits of known size and shape. Examples include: Alzheimer's filaments, viral capsids, annelid hemoglobins, hemocyanins, proteases, chaperonins, microtubule proteins, prions and various nucleic acid-protein complexes. Another research area is instrument development involving design and construction of an instrument for low-temperture, energy loss spectroscopy, and elemental mapping at low dose. This is being used to map phosphorus in nucleic acid-protein complexes, phosphorylated proteins and phospholipid structures. He also is director of the Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope STEM

151

Making abstract domains condensing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, we show that reversible analyses of logic languages by abstract interpretation can be performed without loss of precision by systematically refining abstract domains. This is obtained by adding to the abstract domain the minimal amount ... Keywords: Abstract domain, abstract interpretation, completeness, condensation, linear logic, logic program analysis

Roberto Giacobazzi; Francesco Ranzato; Francesca Scozzari

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics An Air-Levitated Testbed for Flux Pinning Interactions at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the presence of a magnetic field, the magnetic flux lines imprint the current position and orientation the movement allowed by the flux-pinned joints.3 Flux pinning occurs when magnetic field lines induce small current vortices in the superconductor material, causing the magnetic field lines to become "trapped

Peck, Mason A.

153

Sputtered pin amorphous silicon semi-conductor device and method therefor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high efficiency amorphous silicon PIN semi-conductor device is constructed by the sequential sputtering of N, I and P layers of amorphous silicon and at least one semi-transparent ohmic electrode. A method of construction produces a PIN device, exhibiting enhanced physical integrity and facilitates ease of construction in a singular vacuum system and vacuum pump down procedure.

Moustakas, Theodore D. (Berkeley Heights, NJ); Friedman, Robert A. (Milford, NJ)

1983-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

154

Observation of enhanced infrared photoresponse in forward?biased amorphous silicon p?i?n diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The photoconductive response of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a?Si:H) p?i?n diodes has been investigated under conditions of low?temperature operation. We show that cooled p?i?n diodes exhibit an enhanced infrared response when operated under forward bias conditions. The induced IR response is of the order of 10?3A/W

J. Wind; G. Mller

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Architecture and 3D device simulation of a PIN diode-based Gamma radiation detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a new IC-based gamma radiation detector. We report 3D simulation results for the PIN diode structure which is used in this detector, along with a discussion of the architecture of the readout electronics for this detector. Gamma ... Keywords: pin diode, radiation detection, solid-state

Amr Elshennawy; Craig M. Marianno; Sunil P. Khatri

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Themenvorschlag Bachelor-oder Masterarbeit 6. Februar 2013 Abhorsichere PIN Eingabe mit Google Glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Themenvorschlag Bachelor- oder Masterarbeit 6. Februar 2013 Abh¨orsichere PIN Eingabe mit Google://www.ekaay.com/PIN k¨onnte zusammmen mit der Augmented Reality Technik "Google Glasses" dazu genutzt werden, den abh Schnittstellen von "Google Glasses" zu erkun- den. Vor allem die zum Handy, denn dort sollte der Login und das

Borchert, Bernd

157

Sharp critical behavior for pinning model in random correlated environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article investigates the effect for random pinning models of long range power-law decaying correlations in the environment. For a particular type of environment based on a renewal construction, we are able to sharply describe the phase transition from the delocalized phase to the localized one, giving the critical exponent for the (quenched) free-energy, and proving that at the critical point the trajectories are fully delocalized. These results contrast with what happens both for the pure model (i.e. without disorder) and for the widely studied case of i.i.d. disorder, where the relevance or irrelevance of disorder on the critical properties is decided via the so-called Harris Criterion.

Quentin Berger; Hubert Lacoin

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

158

PinBus Interface for Interoperable, Grid-Responsive Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A very simple appliance interface was suggested by this author and his co-authors during Grid-Interop 2007. The approach was based on a successful collaboration between utilities, a major appliance manufacture, and the manufacturer of a load control module during the U.S. Department of Energys Grid Friendly Appliance project. The suggested approach was based on the assumption that demand-response objectives could be effectively communicated to and from many small electrical loads like appliances by simply agreeing on the meaning of the binary states of several shared connector pins. It was argued that this approach could pave the way for a wave of demand-response-ready appliances and greatly reduced expenses for utilities future demand-response programs. The approach could be supported by any of the many competing serial communication protocols and would be generally applicable to most end-use devices.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

159

High-R Walls for Remodeling: Wall Cavity Moisture Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The focus of the study is on the performance of wall systems, and in particular, the moisture characteristics inside the wall cavity and in the wood sheathing. Furthermore, while this research will initially address new home construction, the goal is to address potential moisture issues in wall cavities of existing homes when insulation and air sealing improvements are made.

Wiehagen, J.; Kochkin, V.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Wall conditions in ORMAK  

SciTech Connect

From surface effects in controlled thermonuclear fusion devices and reactors meeting; Argonne, Illnois, USA (10 Jan 1974). ORMAK is a diffuse toroidal pinch with typical plasma currents of 100 kA, electron temperatures of 800 eV, and ion temperatures of 300 eV. The walls of the plasma region are made of stainless steel coated with an intermediate layer of platinum 0.05 mu thick and an outer 1 to 2 mu layer of gold. Tests with an Ion Microprobe Mass Analyzer have shown that the platinum acts to decrease diffusion of impurities from the stalnless steel to the surface. Gold was chosen to inhibit the surface chemical adsorption of gases. Studies with a movable limiter indicate that electron energy is lost at the plasma edge mainly via line radiation and cooling on ions, while ions are lost from the plasma by charge exchange. Thus the walls are bombarded by energetic neutrals, line radiation and, in addition, bremsstrahlung x-rays. The flux of energetic neutrals is measured by a charge exchange analyzer. Wall bombardment by such neutrals should cause sputtering, and gold has been observed spectroscopically near the limiter, increasing with time during a shot, However, analysis of impurities coated on a window by the discharge indicated very little gold sputtering and re-deposition. To measure the sputterirg rate, a wall sample was coated with 105 A of radioactive gold and bombarded with neutrals from ORMAK during a day's run. No measurable sputtering was found within the counting statistics of the measurement, but surface carbon contamination of the sample prevented any final conclusions. (auth)

Colchin, R.J.; Berry, L.A.; Haste, G.R.; Kelley, G.G.; Lyon, J.F.; McNally, J.R.; Murakami, M.; Neidigh, R.V.; Simpkins, J.E.; Wing, W.R.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Bumper wall for plasma device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Operation of a plasma device such as a reactor for controlled thermonuclear fusion is facilitated by an improved bumper wall enclosing the plasma to smooth the flow of energy from the plasma as the energy impinges upon the bumper wall. The bumper wall is flexible to withstand unequal and severe thermal shocks and it is readily replaced at less expense than the cost of replacing structural material in the first wall and blanket that surround it.

Coultas, Thomas A. (Hinsdale, IL)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Increase of pinning with temperature for a single vortex line in superfluid helium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While vortex pinning in superconductors usually becomes weaker at higher temperatures, we find the opposite behavior for a single vortex line in superfluid 4 He. The pinning steadily increases over our entire measurement range, from 0.15Tc to over 0.5Tc. We propose Kelvin waves along the vortex as a depinning mechanism with the observed temperature behavior. PACS numbers: 67.40.Vs, 74.60.Ge Pinning sites can trap vortices in a variety of systems. In superconductors, where vortex motion leads to non-zero resistance, a vast amount of work has been devoted to preventing such motion by introducing defects. Experimental work has shown that defects comparable in size to the vortex core make effective pin centers, and that straight [1] or splayed [2] line defects can increase the pin strength. Yet the mechanisms by which vortices interact with pin sites remain unresolved. Experimentally, pinning becomes weaker as temperature increases, in accord with the general assumption that depinning

L. A. K. Donev; L. Hough; R. J. Zieve

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Radiation monitoring with CVD Diamonds and PIN Diodes at BaBar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The BaBar experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center has been using two polycrystalline chemical vapor deposition (pCVD) diamonds and 12 silicon PIN diodes for radiation monitoring and protection of the Silicon Vertex Tracker (SVT). We have used the pCVD diamonds for more than 3 years, and the PIN diodes for 7 years. We will describe the SVT and SVT radiation monitoring system as well as the operational difficulties and radiation damage effects on the PIN diodes and pCVD diamonds in a high-energy physics environment.

Bruinsma, M.; Burchat, P.; Curry, S.; Edwards, A.J.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Kirkby, D.; Majewski, S.; Petersen, B.A.; /UC, Irvine /SLAC /Ohio State U.

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

164

Press fit design : force and torque testing of steel dowel pins in brass and nylon samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study was conducted to determine the accuracy of current press fit theory when applied to press fit design. Brass and nylon hex samples were press fitted with hardened steel dowel pins. Press fit force and ...

Nelson, Alexandra T

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Design and implementation of A truecolor wide dimming single-pin LED driver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a single-pin LED driver used in wide screen displays. With the increasing size of the displays, a more compact multi-channel driver solution is needed for the increasing number of back light LEDs. This ...

Li, Zhen, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

VALVE FUNNEL SPRING PIN PRESS PERFORMANCE AND FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS EVALUATION FOR SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT  

SciTech Connect

This evaluation allows use of the valve funnel spring pin press and describes appropriate handling instructions for the tool. The engineering evaluation is required for operations and field use of special tools and equipment.

WITHERSPOON JT

2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

167

Design of an automated sorting and orienting machine for electronic pins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the power electronics manufacturer SynQor, the printed circuit board (PCB) assembly line is fully automated with the exception of the step which inserts electronic pins into the PCBs. Past attempts to automate this ...

Chang, Michelle Sueway

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Oven wall panel construction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An oven roof or wall is formed from modular panels, each of which comprises an inner fabric and an outer fabric. Each such fabric is formed with an angle iron framework and somewhat resilient tie-bars or welded at their ends to flanges of the angle irons to maintain the inner and outer frameworks in spaced disposition while minimizing heat transfer by conduction and permitting some degree of relative movement on expansion and contraction of the module components. Suitable thermal insulation is provided within the module. Panels or skins are secured to the fabric frameworks and each such skin is secured to a framework and projects laterally so as slidingly to overlie the adjacent frame member of an adjacent panel in turn to permit relative movement during expansion and contraction.

Ellison, Kenneth (20 Avondale Cres., Markham, CA); Whike, Alan S. (R.R. #1, Caledon East, both of Ontario, CA)

1980-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

169

Nanoscale strain-induced pair suppression as a vortex-pinning mechanism in high- temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Boosting large-scale superconductor applications require nanostructured conductors with artificial pinning centres immobilizing quantized vortices at high temperature and magnetic fields. Here we demonstrate a highly effective mechanism of artificial pinning centers in solution-derived high-temperature superconductor nanocomposites through generation of nanostrained regions where Cooper pair formation is suppressed. The nanostrained regions identified from transmission electron microscopy devise a very high concentration of partial dislocations associated with intergrowths generated between the randomly oriented nanodots and the epitaxial YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} matrix. Consequently, an outstanding vortex-pinning enhancement correlated to the nanostrain is demonstrated for four types of randomly oriented nanodot, and a unique evolution towards an isotropic vortex-pinning behaviour, even in the effective anisotropy, is achieved as the nanostrain turns isotropic. We suggest a new vortex-pinning mechanism based on the bond-contraction pairing model, where pair formation is quenched under tensile strain, forming new and effective core-pinning regions.

Llordes, Anna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Palau, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Gazquez, J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Coll, M. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Vlad, R. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Pomar, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Arbiol, Jordi [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Guzman, Roger [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ye, S. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Rouco, V [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Sandiumenge, Felip [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ricart, Susagna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Puig, Teresa [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Chataigner, D. [CRISMAT, Caen, France; Vanacken, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Gutierrez, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Moschalkov, V. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Deutscher, G. [Tel Aviv University; Magen Dominguez, Cesar [ORNL; Obradors, Xavier [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Moisture Research - Optimizing Wall Assemblies  

SciTech Connect

The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) evaluated several different configurations of wall assemblies to determine the accuracy of moisture modeling and make recommendations to ensure durable, efficient assemblies. WUFI and THERM were used to model the hygrothermal and heat transfer characteristics of these walls.

Arena, L.; Mantha, P.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Catheter guided by optical coherence domain reflectometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A guidance and viewing system based on multiplexed optical coherence domain reflectometry is incorporated into a catheter, endoscope, or other medical device to measure the location, thickness, and structure of the arterial walls or other intra-cavity regions at discrete points on the medical device during minimally invasive medical procedures. The information will be used both to guide the device through the body and to evaluate the tissue through which the device is being passed. Multiple optical fibers are situated along the circumference of the device. Light from the distal end of each fiber is directed onto the interior cavity walls via small diameter optics (such as gradient index lenses and mirrored corner cubes). Both forward viewing and side viewing fibers can be included. The light reflected or scattered from the cavity walls is then collected by the fibers and multiplexed at the proximal end to the sample arm of an optical low coherence reflectometer. The system may also be implemented in a nonmedical inspection device.

Everett, Matthew (Pleasanton, CA); Colston, Billy W. (Livermore, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Niobium-titanium superconductors produced by powder metallurgy having artificial flux pinning centers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Superconductors formed by powder metallurgy have a matrix of niobium-titanium alloy with discrete pinning centers distributed therein which are formed of a compatible metal. The artificial pinning centers in the Nb-Ti matrix are reduced in size by processing steps to sizes on the order of the coherence length, typically in the range of 1 to 10 nm. To produce the superconductor, powders of body centered cubic Nb-Ti alloy and the second phase flux pinning material, such as Nb, are mixed in the desired percentages. The mixture is then isostatically pressed, sintered at a selected temperature and selected time to produce a cohesive structure having desired characteristics without undue chemical reaction, the sintered billet is reduced in size by deformation, such as by swaging, the swaged sample receives heat treatment and recrystallization and additional swaging, if necessary, and is then sheathed in a normal conducting sheath, and the sheathed material is drawn into a wire. The resulting superconducting wire has second phase flux pinning centers distributed therein which provide enhanced J.sub.ct due to the flux pinning effects.

Jablonski, Paul D. (Madison, WI); Larbalestier, David C. (Madison, WI)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Domain bias in web search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper uncovers a new phenomenon in web search that we call domain bias --- a user's propensity to believe that a page is more relevant just because it comes from a particular domain. We provide evidence of the existence of domain bias in click activity ... Keywords: domain bias, user behavior, web search

Samuel Ieong; Nina Mishra; Eldar Sadikov; Li Zhang

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

EERE Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home: Walls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Walls Insulation Windows Activities Printable Version Walls Illustration of Roofus, a golden retriever, sitting in front of a wall. On cold nights, you use a blanket to keep you...

175

Wall Insulation; BTS Technology Fact Sheet  

SciTech Connect

Properly sealed, moisture-protected, and insulated walls help increase comfort, reduce noise, and save on energy costs. This fact sheet addresses these topics plus advanced framing techniques, insulation types, wall sheathings, and steps for effective wall construction and insulation.

Southface Energy Institute; Tromly, K.

2000-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

176

Security_Walls_VPP_Award  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Security Force Recognized for Outstanding Safety CARLSBAD, N.M., May 10, 2013 - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded Security Walls, LLC, the Waste Isolation Pilot...

177

Cellulose binding domain proteins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy (Davis, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Simplified parallel domain traversal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many data-intensive scientific analysis techniques require global domain traversal, which over the years has been a bottleneck for efficient parallelization across distributed-memory architectures. Inspired by MapReduce and other simplified parallel ... Keywords: atmospheric ensemble analysis, data-intensive analysis, parallel particle tracing, parallel processing

Wesley Kendall; Jingyuan Wang; Melissa Allen; Tom Peterka; Jian Huang; David Erickson

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package | Argonne National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package The Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package project will develop methods and implement a novel approach for generating data ensembles by using the latest available statistical modeling tools and knowledge of relevant physical and chemical process to develop climatologically aware methods for processing ACRF and other spatially sparse data sets. Data collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility (ACRF) sites are employed mainly in column radiation models, to validate the models and develop new parameterizations. Currently, no single methodology can be used with data collected at the spatial scale of the ACRF sites or from specific AmeriFlux locations, to

180

The trace partitioning abstract domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to achieve better precision of abstract interpretation-based static analysis, we introduce a new generic abstract domain, the trace partitioning abstract domain. We develop a theoretical framework allowing a wide range of instantiations of the ...

Xavier Rival; Laurent Mauborgne

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Comments on the Influence of Disorder for Pinning Model in Correlated Gaussian Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the random pinning model, in the case of a Gaussian environment presenting power-law decaying correlations, of exponent decay a>0. We comment on the annealed (i.e. averaged over disorder) model, which is far from being trivial, and we discuss the influence of disorder on the critical properties of the system. We show that the annealed critical exponent \

Quentin Berger

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

182

Hybrid method of making an amorphous silicon P-I-N semiconductor device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is directed to a hydrogenated amorphous silicon PIN semiconductor device of hybrid glow discharge/reactive sputtering fabrication. The hybrid fabrication method is of advantage in providing an ability to control the optical band gap of the P and N layers, resulting in increased photogeneration of charge carriers and device output.

Moustakas, Theodore D. (Berkeley Heights, NJ); Morel, Don L. (Woodland Hills, CA); Abeles, Benjamin (Princeton, NJ)

1983-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

183

An intelligent compaction technique for pin constrained routing in cross referencing digital microfluidic biochips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent advances in microfluidic technology have resulted in the emergence of commercially successful lab-on-chip systems that manifested as applicable devices in the wide range of areas e.g. high-throughput DNA sequencing, immunoassays and clinical ... Keywords: algorithms, biochips, cross referencing, digital microfluidics, ewod, pin constraint, placement, routing, sample droplets

Pranab Roy; Rupam Bhattacharjee; Modud Sohid; Sudipta Chakraborty; Hafizur Rahaman; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Glazing and the Trombe wall  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Single, double and triple glazing are examined for use in passive solar Trombe walls and south facing windows. Net gains and losses are calculated employing regional weather data and annual contribution to heating load reduction is evaluated. The study concentrates on the reflectivity of each glass pane, including the dependence of reflectivity on the angle of incidence of the radiation, and resulting heat gains and losses. This facet of passive design heretofore has been inadequately treated as is shown to be significant. The marginal value of each additional pane is investigated with regard to heat gain, energy savings and total costs. Additionally, attention is given to the effects of Trombe wall energy storage.

Pouder, R W; Leigh, R W

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Steel-framed buildings: Impacts of wall detail configurations on the whole wall thermal performance  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of this paper is the influence of architectural wall details on the whole wall thermal performance. Whole wall thermal performance analysis was performed for six light gage steel-framed wall systems (some with wood components). For each wall system, all wall details were simulated using calibrated 3-D finite difference computer modeling. The thermal performance of the six steel-framed wall systems included various system details and the whole wall system thermal performance for a typical single-story ranch house. Currently, predicted heat losses through building walls are typically based on measurements of the wall system clear wall area using test methods such as ASTM C 236 or are calculated by one of the procedures recommended in the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals that often is carried out for the clear wall area exclusively. In this paper, clear wall area is defined as the part of the wall system that is free of thermal anomalies due to building envelope details or thermally unaffected by intersections with other surfaces of the building envelope. Clear wall experiments or calculations normally do not include the effects of building envelope details such as corners, window and door openings, and structural intersections with roofs, floors, ceilings, and other walls. In steel-framed wall systems, these details typically consist of much more structural components than the clear wall. For this situation, the thermal properties measured or calculated for the clear wall area do not adequately represent the total wall system thermal performance. Factors that would impact the ability of today`s standard practice to accurately predict the total wall system thermal performance are the accuracy of the calculation methods, the area of the total wall that is clear wall, and the quantity and thermal performance of the various wall system details.

Kosny, J.; Desjarlais, A.O.; Christian, J.E.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Flux pinning characteristics in cylindrical ingot niobium used in superconducting radio frequency cavity fabrication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the results of from DC magnetization and penetration depth measurements of cylindrical bulk large-grain (LG) and fine-grain (FG) niobium samples used for the fabrication of superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities. The surface treatment consisted of electropolishing and low temperature baking as they are typically applied to SRF cavities. The magnetization data were fitted using a modified critical state model. The critical current density Jc and pinning force Fp are calculated from the magnetization data and their temperature dependence and field dependence are presented. The LG samples have lower critical current density and pinning force density compared to FG samples which implies a lower flux trapping efficiency. This effect may explain the lower values of residual resistance often observed in LG cavities than FG cavities.

Dhavale Ashavai, Pashupati Dhakal, Anatolii A Polyanskii, Gianluigi Ciovati

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Reactivity feedback from irradiated pin failure in unprotected slow TOP accidents in LMFBR's  

SciTech Connect

The present work is an outgrowth of studies made in support of CRBR licensing, but the conclusions drawn should be generally applicable to oxide-fueled LMFBR's. The accident under consideration is a 10 cents/s unprotected TOP (transient overpower), for which a series of PLUTO2/SAS4A calculations has been performed using a higher power CRBR EOC3 fuel pin which had 275 days irradiation. The assumption was made in the licensing work that a short pin failure will occur at the axial midplane, maximizing the positive fuel motion reactivity effect, as it was felt that a less conservative assumption could not be conclusively justified. This assumption is also made in the present case.

Hummel, H.H.; Pizzica, P.A.

1984-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

188

Water Wall Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wall Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Water Wall Turbine Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Website http:www.wwturbine.com Region Canada LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

189

Through the wall solar cooker  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a solar appliance for extending from the interior of a kitchen through an exterior wall of the building and beyond a predetermined distance in a cantilever manner to receive and concentrate in the appliance outside of the building, solar radiation rays for cooking purposes comprising: a housing, the housing being mounted to extend from a kitchen through an external wall of a building and beyond in a cantilever manner and forming a closed oven, the oven comprising a bottom, glass top, a pair of sides and a first end positioned with access from within the kitchen and comprising an oven door, a first reflective panel member mounted above, juxtapositioned to one edge of the glass top for positioning against the outer surface of the external wall and extending laterally therefrom for receiving and directing solar rays impinging thereon through the glass top and into the oven, and a second double-sided reflective panel mounted above and juxtapositioned to the glass top and extending substantially perpendicular to the first reflective panel for receiving solar rays impinging on either side thereof, and directing the solar rays into the oven.

Kerr, B.P.

1987-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

190

Tube wall thickness measurement apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for measuring the thickness of a tube's wall for the tube's entire length and circumference by determining the deviation of the tube wall thickness from the known thickness of a selected standard item. The apparatus comprises a base and a first support member having first and second ends. The first end is connected to the base and the second end is connected to a spherical element. A second support member is connected to the base and spaced apart from the first support member. A positioning element is connected to and movable relative to the second support member. An indicator is connected to the positioning element and is movable to a location proximate the spherical element. The indicator includes a contact ball for first contacting the selected standard item and holding it against the spherical element. The contact ball then contacts the tube when the tube is disposed about the spherical element. The indicator includes a dial having a rotatable needle for indicating the deviation of the tube wall thickness from the thickness of the selected standard item.

Lagasse, Paul R. (Santa Fe, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Tube wall thickness measurement apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for measuring the thickness of a tube's wall for the tube's entire length and radius by determining the deviation of the tube wall thickness from the known thickness of a selected standard item. The apparatus comprises a base and a first support member having first and second ends. The first end is connected to the base and the second end is connected to a spherical element. A second support member is connected to the base and spaced apart from the first support member. A positioning element is connected to and movable relative to the second support member. An indicator is connected to the positioning element and is movable to a location proximate the spherical element. The indicator includes a contact ball for first contacting the selected standard item and holding it against the spherical element. The contact ball then contacts the tube when the tube is disposed about the spherical element. The indicator includes a dial having a rotatable needle for indicating the deviation of the tube wall thickness from the thickness of the selected standard item.

Lagasse, P.R.

1985-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

192

Method for sputtering a PIN amorphous silicon semi-conductor device having partially crystallized P and N-layers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high efficiency amorphous silicon PIN semiconductor device having partially crystallized (microcrystalline) P and N layers is constructed by the sequential sputtering of N, I and P layers and at least one semi-transparent ohmic electrode. The method of construction produces a PIN device, exhibiting enhanced electrical and optical properties, improved physical integrity, and facilitates the preparation in a singular vacuum system and vacuum pump down procedure.

Moustakas, Theodore D. (Annandale, NJ); Maruska, H. Paul (Annandale, NJ)

1985-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

193

Nanoscale strain-induced pair suppression as a source of vortex pinning in high-temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Boosting large-scale superconductor applications require nanostructured conductors with artificial pinning centres immobilizing quantized vortices at high temperature and magnetic fields. Here we demonstrate a highly effective mechanism of artificial pinning centres in solution-derived high-temperature superconductor nanocomposites through generation of nanostrained regions where Cooper pair formation is suppressed. The nanostrained regions identified from transmission electron microscopy devise a very high concentration of partial dislocations associated with intergrowths generated between the randomly oriented nanodots and the epitaxial YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} matrix. Consequently, an outstanding vortex-pinning enhancement correlated to the nanostrain is demonstrated for four types of randomly oriented nanodot, and a unique evolution towards an isotropic vortex-pinning behaviour, even in the effective anisotropy, is achieved as the nanostrain turns isotropic. We suggest a new vortex-pinning mechanism based on the bond-contraction pairing model, where pair formation is quenched under tensile strain, forming new and effective core-pinning regions.

Llordes, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Palau, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Vlad, R. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Pomar, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Arbiol, Jordi [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Guzman, Roger [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Gazquez Alabart, Jaume [ORNL; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Sandiumenge, Felip [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ricart, Susagna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Puig, Teresa [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Chataigner, D. [CRISMAT, Caen, France; Vanacken, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Gutierrez, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Deutscher, G. [Tel Aviv University; Moschalkov, V. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Obradors, Xavier [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

JORDAN DOMAINS ARE CAT(0)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. For a Jordan domain in the plane the length metric space of points connected to an interior point by a curve of finite length is a cat(0) space. With respect to the cone topology, that space plus its boundary at infinity is topologically the same as the original Jordan domain. 1.

Richard L. Bishop

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

POROUS WALL, HOLLOW GLASS MICROSPHERES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hollow Glass Microspheres (HGM) is not a new technology. All one has to do is go to the internet and Google{trademark} HGM. Anyone can buy HGM and they have a wide variety of uses. HGM are usually between 1 to 100 microns in diameter, although their size can range from 100 nanometers to 5 millimeters in diameter. HGM are used as lightweight filler in composite materials such as syntactic foam and lightweight concrete. In 1968 a patent was issued to W. Beck of the 3M{trademark} Company for 'Glass Bubbles Prepared by Reheating Solid Glass Particles'. In 1983 P. Howell was issued a patent for 'Glass Bubbles of Increased Collapse Strength' and in 1988 H. Marshall was issued a patent for 'Glass Microbubbles'. Now Google{trademark}, Porous Wall, Hollow Glass Microspheres (PW-HGMs), the key words here are Porous Wall. Almost every article has its beginning with the research done at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). The Savannah River Site (SRS) where SRNL is located has a long and successful history of working with hydrogen and its isotopes for national security, energy, waste management and environmental remediation applications. This includes more than 30 years of experience developing, processing, and implementing special ceramics, including glasses for a variety of Department of Energy (DOE) missions. In the case of glasses, SRS and SRNL have been involved in both the science and engineering of vitreous or glass based systems. As a part of this glass experience and expertise, SRNL has developed a number of niches in the glass arena, one of which is the development of porous glass systems for a variety of applications. These porous glass systems include sol gel glasses, which include both xerogels and aerogels, as well as phase separated glass compositions, that can be subsequently treated to produce another unique type of porosity within the glass forms. The porous glasses can increase the surface area compared to 'normal glasses of a 1 to 2 order of magnitude, which can result in unique properties in areas such as hydrogen storage, gas transport, gas separations and purifications, sensors, global warming applications, new drug delivery systems and so on. One of the most interesting porous glass products that SRNL has developed and patented is Porous Wall, Hollow Glass Microspheres (PW-HGMs) that are being studied for many different applications. The European Patent Office (EPO) just recently notified SRS that the continuation-in-part patent application for the PW-HGMs has been accepted. The original patent, which was granted by the EPO on June 2, 2010, was validated in France, Germany and the United Kingdom. The microspheres produced are generally in the range of 2 to 100 microns, with a 1 to 2 micron wall. What makes the SRNL microspheres unique from all others is that the team in Figure 1 has found a way to induce and control porosity through the thin walls on a scale of 100 to 3000 {angstrom}. This is what makes the SRNL HW-HGMs one-of-a-kind, and is responsible for many of their unique properties and potential for various applications, including those in tritium storage, gas separations, H-storage for vehicles, and even a variety of new medical applications in the areas of drug delivery and MRI contrast agents. SRNL Hollow Glass Microspheres, and subsequent, Porous Wall, Hollow Glass Microspheres are fabricated using a flame former apparatus. Figure 2 is a schematic of the apparatus.

Sexton, W.

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

196

Chaotic dynamics of electric-field domains in periodically driven superlattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-sustained time-dependent current oscillations under dc voltage bias have been observed in recent experiments on n-doped semiconductor superlattices with sequential resonant tunneling. The current oscillations are caused by the motion and recycling of the domain wall separating low- and high-electric- field regions of the superlattice, as the analysis of a discrete drift model shows and experimental evidence supports. Numerical simulation shows that different nonlinear dynamical regimes of the domain wall appear when an external microwave signal is superimposed on the dc bias and its driving frequency and driving amplitude vary. On the frequency - amplitude parameter plane, there are regions of entrainment and quasiperiodicity forming Arnol'd tongues. Chaos is demonstrated to appear at the boundaries of the tongues and in the regions where they overlap. Coexistence of up to four electric-field domains randomly nucleated in space is detected under ac+dc driving.

O. M. Bulashenko; M. J. Garcia; L. L. Bonilla

1995-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

197

First Wall and Operational Diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

In this chapter we review numerous diagnostics capable of measurements at or near the first wall, many of which contribute information useful for safe operation of a tokamak. There are sections discussing infrared cameras, visible and VUV cameras, pressure gauges and RGAs, Langmuir probes, thermocouples, and erosion and deposition measurements by insertable probes and quartz microbalance. Also discussed are dust measurements by electrostatic detectors, laser scattering, visible and IR cameras, and manual collection of samples after machine opening. In each case the diagnostic is discussed with a view toward application to a burning plasma machine such as ITER.

Lasnier, C; Allen, S; Boedo, J; Groth, M; Brooks, N; McLean, A; LaBombard, B; Sharpe, J; Skinner, C; Whyte, D; Rudakov, D; West, W; Wong, C

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

198

Heat-sound insulating wall  

SciTech Connect

The wall comprises a closed acoustic box-structure which is defined by a slightly ribbed sheet and a flat sheet. The boxstructure has lateral ribs which extend beyond the sheet. A panel of high-density mineral wool which is of small thickness is enclosed inside the box-structure. A heat insulator covers the box-structure and the ribs of the box-structure and is protected by an outer trough which has ribs or corrugations perpendicular to the ribs of the box-structure.

Ovaert, F.; Reneault, P.

1980-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

199

Enhanced Flux-Pinning Properties in Superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-? Thin Films with Nanoengineering Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the discovery of the high temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7-? (YBCO), with transition temperature (Tc = 77 K), above liquid nitrogen point in 1987 many research projects have been dedicated to enhancing the high field performance of this material for practical applications. The 2nd generation YBCO-based coated conductors are believed to be the most promising approach for commercial applications including power transmission, motors, generators, and high field magnets. With the advances of nanotechnologies, different nanoengineering methods have been demonstrated to enhance the performance of YBCO thin films, include doping with 0-dimensional (0-D) self-assembled nanoparticles, 1-dimensional (1-D) nanorods, and 2-dimensional (2-D) nanolayers. Furthermore, dopants with ferromagnetic properties are also reported to provide enhanced pinning effects by Lorentz force, especially under high-applied magnetic fields. The principle of these methods is to generate high-density defects at the heterogeneous interfaces as artificial pinning centers in an effort to improve the flux-pinning properties. The morphology and dimensions of the nanoinclusions play an important role in pining enhancement. Optimized pinning structures are likely to be located at energetically favorable vortex cores, which form a triangular lattice with dimensions close to the YBCO coherence length ? (?ab ~ 4 nm; ?c ~ 0.5 nm at 77 K.) However, it is challenging to achieve small dimensional nanodopants in the vapor deposited YBCO thin films. The purpose of this research is to utilize nanoengineering methods to produce optimized pinning structure in YBCO thin films. In this thesis, we systematically study the effects of different nanoinclusions on the flux-pinning properties of YBCO thin films. The 0-D ferromagnetic Fe2O3 and CoFe2O4 nanoparticles, 2-D CeO2 multilayers, and tunable vertically aligned nanocomposites (VAN) of (Fe2O3)x:(CeO2)1-x and (CoFe2O4)x:(CeO2)1-x systems are introduced into the YBCO matrix as artificial pinning centers. Results suggest that all nanoinclusions showed significant enhancement in the superconducting properties of YBCO. The ferromagnetic pinning centers dominate at high field and low temperature regimes, however, the defect pinning centers dominate at low field and high temperature regimes. The uniquely arranged VAN structure of alternating magnetic and non-magnetic nanophases, which incorporates both high defect density and tunable distribution of magnetic dopants, is believed to be an ideal solution for flux-pinning enhancement.

Tsai, Chen-Fong

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

SRNL POROUS WALL GLASS MICROSPHERES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has developed a new medium for storage of hydrogen and other gases. This involves fabrication of thin, Porous Walled, Hollow Glass Microspheres (PW-HGMs), with diameters generally in the range of 1 to several hundred microns. What is unique about the glass microballons is that porosity has been induced and controlled within the thin, one micron thick walls, on the scale of 10 to several thousand Angstroms. This porosity results in interesting properties including the ability to use these channels to fill the microballons with special absorbents and other materials, thus providing a contained environment even for reactive species. Gases can now enter the microspheres and be retained on the absorbents, resulting in solid-state and contained storage of even reactive species. Also, the porosity can be altered and controlled in various ways, and even used to filter mixed gas streams within a system. SRNL is involved in about a half dozen different programs involving these PW-HGMs and an overview of some of these activities and results emerging are presented.

Wicks, G; Leung Heung, L; Ray Schumacher, R

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Domain assignments for FSSP representative set using DomainParser  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Domain assignments for the FSSP representative set Domain assignments for the FSSP representative set The following are the domain assignments for the FSSP representative set (released on January 31, 2000, 1987 chains in total) using DomainParser. Each line shows a PDB entry (with a chain identifier if any), total number of residues, number of domains, and domain assignments. The result is obtained fully automatically without manual editing. 12asa 327 2 (33-86; 271-288) (4-32; 87-270; 289-330) 153l 185 1 16pk 415 2 (5-205; 409-419) (206-408) 16vpa 311 2 (47-130; 164-233; 324-349) (131-163; 234-323; 395-402) 1914 171 1 19hca 292 2 (45-107) (1-44; 108-292) 1a02f 53 1 1a02j 52 1 1a02n 280 2 (399-569) (570-678) 1a04a 205 2 (5-126) (127-216) 1a0aa 63 1 1a0ca 437 1 1a0fa 201 2 (1-81) (82-201) 1a0ha 159 1 1a0i 332 2 (2-239) (240-349)

202

Method and composition for improving flux pinning and critical current in superconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Superconducting materials and methods of forming superconducting materials are disclosed. Highly oxidized superconductors are heated at a relatively high temperature so as to release oxygen, which migrates out of the material, and form a non-superconducting phase which does not diffuse out of grains of the material. The material is then reoxidized at a lower temperature, leaving the non-superconducting inclusions inside a superconducting phase. The non-superconducting inclusions act as pinning centers in the superconductor, increasing the critical current thereof.

Morris, Donald E. (Kensington, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Flux Pinning and AC Loss in Second Generation High Temperature Superconductor Wires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Major advances have been made in the last 18 years in high-temperature superconductor (HTS) reserach and development, resulting in increased use of HTS materials in commerical and pre-commercial electric-power applications. This new and important book addresses the issues related to flux pinning, AC losses and thick YBCO film growth. Written by top most scientists in the world, it presents the current status and issues related to YBCO coated conductors and the need for further fundamental materials science work in YBCO coated conductor. It will be a useful handbook for years to come.

Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Method and composition for improving flux pinning and critical current in superconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Superconducting materials and methods of forming superconducting materials are disclosed. Highly oxidized superconductors are heated at a relatively high temperature so as to release oxygen, which migrates out of the material, and form a non-superconducting phase which does not diffuse out of grains of the material. The material is then reoxidized at a lower temperature, leaving the non-superconducting inclusions inside a superconducting phase. The non-superconducting inclusions act as pinning centers in the superconductor, increasing the critical current thereof. 14 figs.

Morris, D.E.

1995-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

205

PINS Measurements and Simulations for Stand-Off Detection of High Explosives  

SciTech Connect

There has been some interest in the ability of Idaho National Laboratory's (INL) Portable Isotopic Neutron Spectroscopy System's (PINS) ability to detect high explosives at a distance. In order to assess the system's ability to perform this task, laboratory experiments on simulated or mock explosives and Monte Carlo simulations using MCNP on both mock and real explosives have been performed. The simulations and experiments on mock explosives have essentially identical configurations, allowing the models to be confirmed with experiment. This provides greater confidence in the simulations on real explosives without the need for experiment on live explosives.

E.H. Seabury

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Low-energy beta spectroscopy using pin diodes to monitor tritium surface contamination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that tritium betas emitted from a surface can be counted using a pin photodiode as a solid state charged particle detector. Furthermore, we show that the range of tritium betas through air is sufficient to allow measurement of tritium on samples in air by this method. These two findings make possible a new method to survey tritium surface contamination which has advantages over existing methods. We have built and tested several prototype instruments which use this method to measure tritium surface contamination, including a compact portable unit. The design of these instruments and results from tests and calibrations are described. Potential applications of this new method to monitor tritium are discussed.

Wampler, W.R.; Doyle, B.L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Seismic behavior of geogrid reinforced slag wall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flexible retaining structures are known with their high performance under earthquake loads. In geogrid reinforced walls the performance of the fill material and the interface of the fill and geogrid controls the performance. Geosynthetic reinforced walls in seismic regions must be safe against not only static forces but also seismic forces. The objective of this study is to determine the behavior of a geogrid reinforced slag wall during earthquake by using shaking table experiments. This study is composed of three stages. In the first stage the physical properties of the material to be used were determined. In the second part, a case history involving the use of slag from steel industry in the construction of geogrid reinforced wall is presented. In the third stage, the results of shaking table tests conducted using model geogrid wall with slag are given. From the results, it is seen that slag can be used as fill material for geogrid reinforced walls subjected to earthquake loads.

Edincliler, Ayse [Bogazici University, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Department of Earthquake Engineering, Cengelkoey-Istanbul (Turkey); Baykal, Gokhan; Saygili, Altug [Bogazici University, Department of Civil Engineering, Bebek-Istanbul (Turkey)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

208

Keys, nominals, and concrete domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many description logics (DLs) combine knowledge representation on an abstract, logical level with an interface to "concrete" domains like numbers and strings with built-in predicates such as <, +, and prefix-of. These hybrid DLs have turned out to ...

Carsten Lutz; Carlos Areces; Ian Horrocks; Ulrike Sattler

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Plan recognition in exploratory domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a challenging plan recognition problem that arises in environments in which agents engage widely in exploratory behavior, and presents new algorithms for effective plan recognition in such settings. In exploratory domains, agents@? ... Keywords: Plan recognition, User modeling

Yaakov Gal; Swapna Reddy; Stuart M. Shieber; Andee Rubin; Barbara J. Grosz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Textural break foundation wall construction modules  

SciTech Connect

Below-grade, textural-break foundation wall structures are provided for inhibiting diffusion and advection of liquids and gases into and out from a surrounding hydrogeologic environment. The foundation wall structure includes a foundation wall having an interior and exterior surface and a porous medium disposed around a portion of the exterior surface. The structure further includes a modular barrier disposed around a portion of the porous medium. The modular barrier is substantially removable from the hydrogeologic environment.

Phillips, Steven J. (Kennewick, WA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Panelized wall system with foam core insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wall system includes a plurality of wall members, the wall members having a first metal panel, a second metal panel, and an insulating core between the first panel and the second panel. At least one of the first panel and the second panel include ridge portions. The insulating core can be a foam, such as a polyurethane foam. The foam can include at least one opacifier to improve the k-factor of the foam.

Kosny, Jan (Oak Ridge, TN); Gaskin, Sally (Houston, TX)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

212

First wall for polarized fusion reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Depolarization mechanisms arising from the recycling of the polarized fuel at the limiter and the first-wall of a fusion reactor are greater than those mechanisms in the plasma. Rapid depolarization of the plasma is prevented by providing a first-wall or first-wall coating formed of a low-Z, non-metallic material having a depolarization rate greater than 1 sec.sup.-1.

Greenside, Henry S. (Cranbury, NJ); Budny, Robert V. (Princeton, NJ); Post, Jr., Douglass E. (Buttonwood, CT)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Perturbative renormalization of proton observables in lattice QCD using domain wall fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deep inelastic scattering unambiguously measures hadron observables characterizing the quark-gluon structure of hadrons. The only way to calculate these observables from first principles is lattice QCD. Experiments measure ...

Bistrovi‡ , Bojan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Domain-wall oscillations studies by time-resolved soft x-ray mircorscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the Director, Office of Science, of the U.S. DepartmentThis work was supported by the Director, Office of Science,Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of

Bocklage, L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Seismic Response of Reinforced Concrete Walls Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... data verification and development of improved models; and (2) investigation of global wall bucking in the 2010 Chile earthquake designed using ...

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

Engineering secondary cell wall deposition in plants  

loop, biofuels, cell wall, lignin, sacchari?cation, synthetic biology. Summary ... target speci?c cell types such as ?bre and pith cells. It is well

217

First wall for polarized fusion reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A first-wall or first-wall coating for use in a fusion reactor having polarized fuel may be formed of a low-Z non-metallic material having slow spin relaxation, i.e., a depolarization rate greater than 1 sec/sup -1/. Materials having these properties include hydrogenated and deuterated amorphous semiconductors. A method for preventing the rapid depolarization of a polarized plasma in a fusion device may comprise the step of providing a first-wall or first-wall coating formed of a low-Z, non-metallic material having a depolarization rate greater than 1 sec/sup -1/.

Greenside, H.S.; Budny, R.V.; Post, D.E. Jr.

1985-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

218

Engineering Nanocolumnar Defect Configurations for Optimized Vortex Pinning in High Temperature Superconducting Nanocomposite Wires  

SciTech Connect

High temperature superconducting (HTS), coated conductor wires based on nanocomposite films containing self-assembled, insulating BaZrO3 (BZO) nanocolumnar defects have previously been reported to exhibit enhanced vortex pinning. Here, we report on microstructural design via control of BZO nanocolumns density in YBa2Cu3O7- (YBCO)+BZO nancomposite films to achieve the highest critical current density, Jc(H, ,T). X-ray diffraction and microstructural examination shows increasing number density of epitaxial BZO nanocolumns in the highly cube-textured YBCO matrix with increasing nominal BZO additions. Transport property measurement reveals that an increase in BZO content upto 4 vol% is required to sustain the highest pinning and Jc performance as the magnetic field increases. By growing thicker, single-layer nanocomposite films (~4 m) with controlled density of BZO columnar defects, the critical current (Ic) of ~1000 A/cm at 77 K, self-field and the minimum Ic of 455 A/cm at 65 K and 3 T for all magnetic field orientations were obtained. This is the highest Ic reported to date for films on metallic templates which are the basis for the 2nd generation, coated conductor-based HTS wires.

Wee, Sung Hun [ORNL; Zuev, Yuri L [ORNL; Cantoni, Claudia [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL; Ahuja, Raj [Waukesha Electric Systems Inc.; Abiade, J. [North Carolina A& T State University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Irradiation-induced creep of HT-9 cladding in LMR fuel pins  

SciTech Connect

Metal-fueled liquid-metal reactors (LMRs) with their hard neutron spectrum have many desirable performance properties. To take advantage of these, design considerations call for low-swelling alloys, such as the ferritic steel HT-9, as core structural materials. The steady-state performance of the fuel pin is limited to some extent by the degree of deformation of the cladding with burnup. Since HT-9 steel does not exhibit irradiation-induced swelling to design-level fast fluences, the limiting cladding deformation is expected to be due to creep. The experimental and analysis activities in the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) program at Argonne National Laboratory have afforded an opportunity to study the creep behavior of HT-9 cladding. The methodology consists of applying precise neutronic and thermal-hydraulic calculational capabilities to individual experimental fuel pins. This allows the creation of a rather large data base that relates the measured axial variation of the cladding deformation to the calculated local neutronic properties and cladding temperature, thereby significantly increasing the amount of available data for developing correlations. For an application of this methodology, the lead IFR test assembly X425 irradiated in Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) was chosen.

Yacout, A.M.; Orechwa, Y. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

External Insulation of Masonry Walls and Wood Framed Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of exterior insulation on a building is an accepted and effective means to increase the overall thermal resistance of the assembly that also has other advantages of improved water management and often increased air tightness of building assemblies. For thin layers of insulation (1" to 1 1/2"), the cladding can typically be attached directly through the insulation back to the structure. For thicker insulation layers, furring strips have been added as a cladding attachment location. This approach has been used in the past on numerous Building America test homes and communities (both new and retrofit applications), and has been proven to be an effective and durable means to provide cladding attachment. However, the lack of engineering data has been a problem for many designers, contractors, and code officials. This research project developed baseline engineering analysis to support the installation of thick layers of exterior insulation on existing masonry and frame walls. Furthermore, water management details necessary to integrate windows, doors, decks, balconies and roofs were created to provide guidance on the integration of exterior insulation strategies with other enclosure elements.

Baker, P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

BronWall: a software system for volumetric quantification of the bronchial wall remodeling in MDCT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops an original volumetric quantification approach of the bronchial wall remodeling, based on MDCT acquisitions prior/post-medication delivery. The methodology is implemented as a software system -BronWall- integrating 3D segmentation, ... Keywords: 3D image processing, 3D segmentation, bronchial reactivity, software system, volumetric quantification, wall remodeling

A. Saragaglia; C. Fetita; F. Preteux

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

New Corrosion Resistance Bar in Sandwich Wall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandwich masonry wall is an energy-saving composite wall with good mechanical properties and durability. But the adhesion strength to its tie bar affects its permanence. In order to simple the traditional production processes, a new method was proposed. ... Keywords: energy-saving, durability, steel bar, insulation

Li Yancang; Ge Xiaohua; Wang Fengxin

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Fire performance of single leaf masonry walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A finite element model called MasSET has been developed which is capable of predicting the structural behaviour of single leaf masonry walls subject to elevated temperatures. The analysis models a slice through the wall as a column strip in plane stress, ... Keywords: boundary conditions, eccentricity, finite element model, masonry in fire, slenderness ratio

A. Nadjai; M. O'Gara; F. Ali

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

A numerical study of steady-state vortex configurations and vortex pinning in type-II superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In part I, a numerical study of the mixed states in a mesoscopic type-II superconducting cylinder is described. Steady-state configurations and transient behavior of the magnetic vortices for various values of the applied magnetic field H are presented. Transitions between different multi-vortex states as H is changed is demonstrated by abrupt changes in vortex configurations and jumps in the B vs H plot. An efficient scheme to determine the equilibrium vortex configuration in a mesoscopic system at any given applied field, not limited to the symmetry of the system, is devised and demonstrated. In part II, a superconducting thin film is subject to a non-uniform magnetic field from a vertical magnetic dipole, consisting of two magnetic monopoles of opposite charges. For a film with constant thickness and with no pins, it has been found that the film carries two pairs of vortex-antivortex in the steady state in the imposed flux range of 2.15 < (Phi)+ < 2.90 (in units of flux quantum) and no vortex at all for (Phi)+ <= 2.15. Transitions from a superconducting state with 3 pairs of vortex-antivortex to one with 2 pairs, where a pair of vortex-antivortex annihilates, have been observed in the pseudo-time sequence. With a perturbation with antidots (holes), vortexantivortex pair has been created for lower magnetic fluxes down to (Phi)+ = 1.3. In the sample of size 16(Xi) x 16(Xi), the attraction force between the vortex and antivortex always dominates over the pinning force, so that they eventually come out of pins, move toward each other, and annihilate each other. The annihilation rate, measured with time taken for the annihilation, is reduced noticeably by the increase of the distance between pins, or the increase in the pin size. A simulation of the magnetic vortex pinning in the sample of size 32(Xi) x 32(Xi) suggests we are likely to achieve pinning of the vortex-antivortex pair with the sample size around this and vortex-antivortex separation of 22(Xi). Using this sample as a template, the maximum density of pinned vortices achievable is calculates to be about 7.6 x 10^14 vortices/m2 for (Xi) =~ 1.6A.

Kim, Sangbum

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Laminar Flow Forced Convection Heat Transfer Behavior of Phase Change Material Fluid in Straight and Staggered Pin Microchannels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microchannels have been studied extensively for electronic cooling applications ever since they were found to be effective in removing high heat flux from small areas. The rate of heat removed using microchannels depends on many factors including the geometry shape, solid and fluid materials used, and surface roughness, among others. Many configurations of microchannels have been studied with various materials and compared for their effectiveness in heat removal. However, there is little research done so far in using Phase Change Material (PCM) fluids and pin fins in microchannels to enhance the heat transfer. PCM fluids exhibit greater heat transfer when the phase change material undergoes liquid-to-solid transformation. Staggered pins in microchannels have also shown higher heat removal characteristics because of the continuous breaking and formation of the thermal and hydrodynamic boundary layer; they also exhibit higher pressure drop because pins act as flow obstructers. This paper presents numerical results of circular, square, straight rectangular microchannels with various aspect ratios (1:2, 1:4 and 1:8), and rectangular microchannels with two characteristic staggered pins (square and circular, fixed height with no variation in aspect ratio). The heat transfer performance of a single phase fluid and PCM fluid in all of these microchannels and the corresponding pressure drop characteristics are also presented. An effective specific heat capacity model was used to account for the phase change process of PCM fluid. Comparison of heat transfer characteristics of single phase fluid and PCM fluid are presented for all the geometries considered. Among the straight microchannels, 1:8 geometry was found to have the highest Nusselt number. The use of PCM fluid in straight microchannels increased the Nusselt number by 3-7 percent compared to the single phase fluids. Among the staggered pin microchannels, circular pins were found to be more effective in terms of heat transfer by exhibiting higher Nusselt number. Circular pin microchannels were also found to have lower pressure drop compared to the square pin microchannels. Overall, for all the geometries considered, it was found that the PCM fluid enhances the heat transfer compared to the SPF fluid.

Kondle, Satyanarayana

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Wall System Innovations: Familiar Materials, Better Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Wall System Innovation Vladimir Kochkin Joseph Wiehagen April 2013 Wall Innovation Metrics  High R (thermal and air barrier)  High Performance  Durable, structural  Build-able  Low transition risk to builders  50% Building America Goal  ≈ R25+ (CZ 4 and higher) 2 Background  Technologies for high-R walls have been proposed and used for over 25 years  But real market penetration is very low  Often the last EE measure implemented by builders (e.g. E*) 3 Background  High-R wall solutions have not achieved a broad level of standardization and commonality  A large set of methods and materials entered the market  Multiple and conflicting details  Wall characteristics are more critical = RISK 4 New Home Starts -

227

2003 Plant Cell Walls Gordon Conference  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This conference will address recent progress in many aspects of cell wall biology. Molecular, genetic, and genomic approaches are yielding major advances in our understanding of the composition, synthesis, and architecture of plant cell walls and their dynamics during growth, and are identifying the genes that encode the machinery needed to make their biogenesis possible. This meeting will bring together international scientists from academia, industry and government labs to share the latest breakthroughs and perspectives on polysaccharide biosynthesis, wood formation, wall modification, expansion and interaction with other organisms, and genomic & evolutionary analyses of wall-related genes, as well as to discuss recent ''nanotechnological'' advances that take wall analysis to the level of a single cell.

Daniel J. Cosgrove

2004-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

228

Persistence of Metastable Vortex Lattice Domains in MgB2 in the Presence of Vortex Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, extensive vortex lattice metastability was reported in MgB2 in connection with a second-order rotational phase transition. However, the mechanism responsible for these well-ordered metastable vortex lattice phases is not well understood. Using small-angle neutron scattering, we studied the vortex lattice in MgB2 as it was driven from a metastable to the ground state through a series of small changes in the applied magnetic field. Our results show that metastable vortex lattice domains persist in the presence of substantial vortex motion and directly demonstrate that the metastability is not due to vortex pinning. Instead, we propose that it is due to the jamming of counterrotated vortex lattice domains which prevents a rotation to the ground state orientation.

Rastovski, Catherine [University of Notre Dame, IN; Schlesinger, Kimberly [University of Notre Dame, IN; Gannon, William J [Northwestern University, Evanston; Dewhurst, Charles [Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL); Debeer-Schmitt, Lisa M [ORNL; Zhigadlo, Nikolai [ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Karpinski, Janusz [ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Eskildsen, Morten [University of Notre Dame, IN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Pulsed D-D Neutron Generator Measurements of HEU Oxide Fuel Pins  

SciTech Connect

Pulsed neutron interrogation measurements have been performed on highly enriched uranium (HEU) oxide fuel pins and depleted uranium (DU) metal using a D-D neutron generator (2 x 10{sup 6} neutrons-s{sup -1}) and moderated {sup 3}He tubes at the Idaho National Laboratory Power Burst Facility. These measurements demonstrate the ability to distinguish HEU from DU by coincidence counting using a pulsed source. The amount of HEU measured was 8 kg in a sealed 55-gallon drum compared to 31 kg of DU. Neutron events were counted during and after the pulse with the Nuclear Materials Identification System (NMIS) and used to calculate the neutron coincidence time distributions. Passive measurements were also performed for comparison with the pulsed measurements. This paper presents the neutron coincidence distribution and Feynman variance results from the measurements.

McConchie, Seth M [ORNL; Hausladen, Paul [ORNL; Mihalczo, John T [ORNL; Blackburn, Brandon [Idaho National Laboratory (INL); Chichester, David [Idaho National Laboratory (INL)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Optical pin apparatus for measuring the arrival time and velocity of shock waves and particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for the detection of the arrival and for the determination of the velocity of disturbances such as shock-wave fronts and/or projectiles. Optical pins using fluid-filled microballoons as the light source and an optical fiber as a link to a photodetector have been used to investigate shock-waves and projectiles. A microballoon filled with a noble gas is affixed to one end of a fiber-optic cable, and the other end of the cable is attached to a high-speed streak camera. As the shock-front or projectile compresses the microballoon, the gas inside is heated and compressed producing a bright flash of light. The flash of light is transmitted via the optic cable to the streak camera where it is recorded. One image-converter streak camera is capable of recording information from more than 100 microballoon-cable combinations simultaneously.

Benjamin, Robert F. (315 Rover Blvd., Los Alamos, NM 87544)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Optical pin apparatus for measuring the arrival time and velocity of shock waves and particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for the detection of the arrival and for the determination of the velocity of disturbances such as shock-wave fronts and/or projectiles. Optical pins using fluid-filled microballoons as the light source and an optical fiber as a link to a photodetector have been used to investigate shock-waves and projectiles. A microballoon filled with a noble gas is affixed to one end of a fiber-optic cable, and the other end of the cable is attached to a high-speed streak camera. As the shock-front or projectile compresses the microballoon, the gas inside is heated and compressed producing a bright flash of light. The flash of light is transmitted via the optic cable to the streak camera where it is recorded. One image-converter streak camera is capable of recording information from more than 100 microballoon-cable combinations simultaneously.

Benjamin, R.F.

1983-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

232

Optical pin apparatus for measuring the arrival time and velocity of shock waves and particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus is disclosed for the detection of the arrival and for the determination of the velocity of disturbances such as shock-wave fronts and/or projectiles. Optical pins using fluid-filled microballoons as the light source and an optical fiber as a link to a photodetector have been used to investigate shock-waves and projectiles. A microballoon filled with a noble gas is affixed to one end of a fiber-optic cable, and the other end of the cable is attached to a high-speed streak camera. As the shock-front or projectile compresses the microballoon, the gas inside is heated and compressed producing a bright flash of light. The flash of light is transmitted via the optic cable to the streak camera where it is recorded. One image-converter streak camera is capable of recording information from more than 100 microballoon-cable combinations simultaneously. 3 figs.

Benjamin, R.F.

1987-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

233

Non-Hermitian Luttinger liquids and flux line pinning in planar superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a model of thermally excited flux liquids connected by a weak link, we study the effect of a single line defect on vortex filaments oriented parallel to the surface of a thin planar superconductor. This problem can be mapped onto the physics of a Luttinger liquid of interacting bosons in 1 spatial dimension with a point impurity. When the applied magnetic field is tilted relative to the line defect, the corresponding quantum boson Hamiltonian is non-Hermitian. We analyze this problem using a combination of analytic and numerical (density matrix renormalization group) methods, uncovering a delicate interplay between enhancement of pinning due to Luttinger liquid effects and depinning due to the tilted magnetic field. Interactions allow a single columnar defect to be very effective in suppressing vortex tilt when the Luttinger liquid parameter g less than equal to 1.

Ian Affleck; Walter Hofstetter; David R. Nelson; Ulrich Schollwock

2004-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

234

Two-phase pressure drop across a hydrofoil-based micro pin device using R-123  

SciTech Connect

The two-phase pressure drop in a hydrofoil-based micro pin fin heat sink has been investigated using R-123 as the working fluid. Two-phase frictional multipliers have been obtained over mass fluxes from 976 to 2349 kg/m{sup 2} s and liquid and gas superficial velocities from 0.38 to 1.89 m/s and from 0.19 to 24 m/s, respectively. It has been found that the two-phase frictional multiplier is strongly dependent on flow pattern. The theoretical prediction using Martinelli parameter based on the laminar fluid and laminar gas flow represented the experimental data fairly well for the spray-annular flow. For the bubbly and wavy-intermittent flow, however, large deviations from the experimental data were recorded. The Martinelli parameter was successfully used to determine the flow patterns, which were bubbly, wavy-intermittent, and spray-annular flow in the current study. (author)

Kosar, Ali [Mechatronics Engineering Program, Sabanci University, Orhanli, Tuzla, 34956 Istanbul (Turkey)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

Cellulose binding domain fusion proteins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Cellulose binding domain fusion proteins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 16 figs.

Shoseyov, O.; Yosef, K.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

1998-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

237

Characterization of national Web domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last few years, several studies on the characterization of the public Web space of various national domains have been published. The pages of a country are an interesting set for studying the characteristics of the Web because at the same ... Keywords: Web characterization, Web measurement

Ricardo Baeza-Yates; Carlos Castillo; Efthimis N. Efthimiadis

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Demonstration of Emitted-Neutron Computed Tomography to Count Fuel Pins  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we report demonstration of emitted-neutron computed tomography using fast fission neutrons to infer the geometry of sources of special nuclear material (SNM) such as fuel pins. In a proof-of-concept measurement at the Idaho National Laboratory s (INL s) Zero Power Physics Reactor (ZPPR) facility, an array of unirradiated Pu MOX fuel rodlets in a soup can were imaged, and a bias defect consisting of a single rodlet containing Pu replaced by one containing depleted uranium (DU) was detected. The imaging system employed in the demonstration is based on a newly constructed array of pixelated neutron detectors that are suitable for arrangement in a close-packed imaging array and whose active volume consists of liquid scintillator EJ-309 which allows neutron-gamma discrimination via pulse shape to enable pure fast-neutron imaging. The imaging array was used along with a radial collimator aperture in order to perform high quality fast-neutron imaging where tomographic reconstruction of slices through an object resolve neutron sources similar in dimension to a fuel pellet, or about 1 cm. Measurements were performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) with neutron sources in addition to those performed at the INL s ZPPR facility with Pu MOX fuel rodlets. An analogous capability to detect single-pin defects in spent fuel assemblies would be desirable, such as for safeguards verification measurements of spent fuel assemblies just prior to transferring them from the spent fuel cooling pool to long term dry cask storage. This paper describes the design and construction of the present imager, characterization measurements with neutron sources at ORNL, measurements with SNM at INL s ZPPR facility, and feasibility of building an analogous imager for spent fuel measurements.

Hausladen, Paul [ORNL; Blackston, Matthew A [ORNL; Brubaker, E. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Chichester, David [Idaho National Laboratory (INL); Marleau, P. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Newby, Robert Jason [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Demonstration of Emitted-Neutron Computed Tomography to Count Fuel Pins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we report demonstration of emitted-neutron computed tomography using fast fission neutrons to infer the geometry of sources of special nuclear material (SNM) such as fuel pins. In a proof-of-concept measurement at the Idaho National Laboratorys (INLs) Zero Power Physics Reactor (ZPPR) facility, an array of unirradiated Pu MOX fuel rodlets in a soup can were imaged, and a bias defect consisting of a single rodlet containing Pu replaced by one containing depleted uranium (DU) was detected. The imaging system employed in the demonstration is based on a newly constructed array of pixelated neutron detectors that are suitable for arrangement in a close-packed imaging array and whose active volume consists of liquid scintillator EJ-309 which allows neutron-gamma discrimination via pulse shape to enable pure fast-neutron imaging. The imaging array was used along with a radial collimator aperture in order to perform high quality fast-neutron imaging where tomographic reconstruction of slices through an object resolve neutron sources similar in dimension to a fuel pellet, or about 1 cm. Measurements were performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) with neutron sources in addition to those performed at the INLs ZPPR facility with Pu MOX fuel rodlets. An analogous capability to detect single-pin defects in spent fuel assemblies would be desirable, such as for safeguards verification measurements of spent fuel assemblies just prior to transferring them from the spent fuel cooling pool to long term dry cask storage. This paper describes the design and construction of the present imager, characterization measurements with neutron sources at ORNL, measurements with SNM at INLs ZPPR facility, and feasibility of building an analogous imager for spent fuel measurements.

P. A. Hausladen; M. A. Blackston; E. Brubaker; D. L. Chichester; P. Marleau; R. J. Newby

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

A Heuristic Method for Co-optimization of Pin Assignment and Droplet Routing in Digital Microfluidic Biochip  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design automation in Digital micro fluidic biochip is of immense importance in to days clinical diagnosis process. In this paper, we try to build a heuristic algorithm to simultaneously perform droplet routing and electrode actuation. The proposed method ... Keywords: Digital microfluidic biochip, Droplet routing, Pin assignment, Co-optimization heuristic

Ritwik Mukherjee; Hafizur Rahaman; Indrajit Banerjee; Tuhina Samanta; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Bio-Synthetic Wall Systems Visualization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bio-Synthetic Wall Systems Visualization Speaker(s): Maria-Paz Gutierrez Date: December 16, 2008 - 10:00am Location: 90-3075 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Michael Donn...

242

Electric and Magnetic Walls on Dielectric Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sufficient conditions of the existence of electric or magnetic walls on dielectric interfaces are given for a multizone uniform dielectric waveguiding system. If one of two adjacent dielectric zones supports a TEM field distribution while the other supports a TM (TE) field distribution, then the common dielectric interface behaves as an electric (magnetic) wall, that is, the electric (magnetic) field line is perpendicular to the interface while the magnetic (electric) field line is parallel to the interface.

Changbiao Wang

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

243

Thin Wall Cast Iron: Phase II  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The development of thin-wall technology allows the designers of energy consuming equipment to select the most appropriate material based on cost/material properties considerations, and not solely on density. The technology developed in this research project will permit the designers working for the automotive industry to make a better informed choice between competing materials and thin wall cast iron, thus decreasing the overall cost of the automobile.

Doru M. Stefanescu

2005-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

244

Shear wall experiments and design in Japan  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the results of recent survey studies on the available experimental data bases and design codes/standards for reinforced concrete (RC) shear wall structures in Japan. Information related to the seismic design of RC reactor buildings and containment structures was emphasized in the survey. The seismic requirements for concrete structures, particularly those related to shear strength design, are outlined. Detailed descriptions are presented on the development of Japanese shear wall equations, design requirements for containment structures, and ductility requirements.

Park, Y.J.; Hofmayer, C.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Building Technologies Office: Highly Energy Efficient Wall Systems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highly Energy Efficient Wall Systems Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Highly Energy Efficient Wall Systems Research Project on Facebook...

246

PRF Domain Extension Using DAGs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove a general domain extension theorem for pseudo-random functions (PRFs). Given a PRF F from n bits to n bits, it is well known that employing F in a chaining mode (CBC-MAC) yields a PRF on the bigger domain of mn bits. One can view each application of F in this chaining mode to be a node in a graph, and the chaining as the edges between the node. The resulting graph is just a line graph. In this paper, we show that the underlying graph can be an arbitrary directed acyclic graph (DAG), and the resulting function on the larger domain is still a PRF. The only requirement on the graph is that it have unique source and sink nodes, and no two nodes have the same set of incident nodes. A new highly parallelizable MAC construction follows which has a critical path of only m applications of F . If we allow Galois field arithmetic, we can consider edge-colored DAGs, where the colors represent multiplication in the field by the color. We prove an even more general theorem, where the only restriction on the colored DAGs is that if two nodes (u and v) have the same set of incident nodes W , then at least one w in W is incident on u and v with a different colored edge. PMAC (parallelizable message authentication [5]) is a simple example of such graphs. Finally, to handle variable length domain extension, we extend our theorem to a collection of DAGs. The general theorem allows one to have further optimizations over PMAC, and many modes which deal with variable lengths. All the results proven are under the adaptive adversary model. Keywords: PRF, MAC, DAG, partial order, Galois field 1

Charanjit S. Jutla

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

How to Run DomainParser  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Run DomainParser Run DomainParser The structure for partition needs to be prepared in the PDB format. In most cases, running DomainParser using defaults should give satisfactory partitions. However, several options offered in DomainParser can provide a partition that a user desires or correct some overcut/undercut partitions. Here, we use a PDB file 1atna.pdb as an example to show how to use the DomainParser program. Run DomainParser using defaults: domainparser 1atna.pdb The output shows the partition for each domain in terms of ranges of residue numbers: 4 domains have been found for 1atna: Domain 1 : 34-96. Domain 2 : 181-272. Domain 3 : 148-180; 273-336. Domain 4 : 0-33; 97-147; 337-372. The program also generates a new file 1atna_dom.pdb, with the "temperature factor" column (column 61-66 of an "ATOM" entry) showing domain numbers. A

248

Improving abstract interpretations by combining domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we consider static analyses based on abstract interpretation of logic programs over combined domains. It is known that analyses over combined domains potentially provide more information than obtainable by performing the independent abstract ...

M. Codish; A. Mulkers; M. Bruynooghe; M. Garca de la Banda; M. Hermenegildo

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Patterning Nano-Domains with Orthogonal Functionalities ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Patterning Nano-Domains with Orthogonal Functionalities: Solventless Synthesis of Self-Sorting Surfaces Karen ...

2013-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

250

Convergent-beam electron diffraction studies of domains in Rhombohedral phase of lead zirconate titanate ceramics  

SciTech Connect

Lead zirconate titanate Pb(Zr{sub x}Ti{sub 1-x})O{sub 3} (PZT) ceramics are ferroelectrics formed as solid solutions between PbTiO{sub 3} and PbZrO{sub 3}. Among the different phases in the ferroelectric state, the primary ones are the Ti{sup +} rich tetragonal (T) phase and the Zr{sup +4} rich rhombohedral (R) phase and the phase boundary between them (x {approx} 0.53). A net polarization for the piezoelectric activity is obtained under an applied field whereby the polarization vectors of individual grains reorient and this process is called poling. The boundary composition is of great technological importance owing to the high piezo eletric activity. It is suggested, that the excellent piezo electric property is due to the coexistence of both the T and R phases which favours easy poling. Domain types in the R phase of PZT ceramic have been identified using the CBED method. However, the fringe contrast at the domain boundaries indicate that the domain walls are inclined. The orientation relation of domain walls is being studied by conventional microscopy contrast and diffraction techniques. 4 refs., 4 figs.

Dass, M.L.A.; Thomas, G.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains Zeynep K#16;z#16;ltan Computer Science Division an application domain as a family of CSP models, so as to exhibit the generic constraint store for all models store and the domain propagation during search is analysed, so as to infer | before modelling any CSP

Rossi, Francesca

252

Architecture for mobile Heterogeneous Multi Domain networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi domain networks can be used in several scenarios including military, enterprize networks, emergency networks and many other cases. In such networks, each domain might be under its own administration. Therefore, the cooperation among domains is ... Keywords: Network architecture, heterogeneous networks, mobility, policy based networking

Arjan Durresi; Ping Zhang; Mimoza Durresi; Leonard Barolli

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Free biholomorphic classification of noncommutative domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we develop a theory of free holomorphic functions on noncommutative Reinhardt domains generated by positive regular free holomorphic functions in n noncommuting variables. We show that the free biholomorphic classification of these domains is the same as the classification, up to unital completely isometric isomorphisms, of the corresponding noncommutative domain algebras.

Popescu, Gelu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

OPERATIONAL WINDOWS FOR DRY-WALL AND WETTED-WALL IFE CHAMBERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPERATIONAL WINDOWS FOR DRY-WALL AND WETTED-WALL IFE CHAMBERS F. NAJMABADI* University the trade- offs, to develop operational windows for chamber con- cepts, and to identify high the injection process; (d) for relatively low yield targets ( 250 MJ), an operational window with no buffer gas

California at San Diego, University of

255

Wall R-values that tell it like it is  

SciTech Connect

The R-value of a whole wall can be considerable lower than the R-value of the insulation that fills it. At DOE`s Buildings Technology Center, scientists have developed a system for measuring whole wall R-value and have already tested several wall systems. Topics covered include the following: how wall r-value is usually calculated; measuring whole-wall r-values; evaluating wall performance; a wall rating label; beyond r-value; r-value terminology. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Christian, J.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kosny, J. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Pausing and activating thread state upon pin assertion by external logic monitoring polling loop exit time condition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for enhancing performance of a computer which includes a computer system including a data storage device. The computer system includes a program stored in the data storage device and steps of the program are executed by a processer. The processor processes instructions from the program. A wait state in the processor waits for receiving specified data. A thread in the processor has a pause state wherein the processor waits for specified data. A pin in the processor initiates a return to an active state from the pause state for the thread. A logic circuit is external to the processor, and the logic circuit is configured to detect a specified condition. The pin initiates a return to the active state of the thread when the specified condition is detected using the logic circuit.

Chen, Dong; Giampapa, Mark; Heidelberger, Philip; Ohmacht, Martin; Satterfield, David L; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard; Sugavanam, Krishnan

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

257

Computation of neutron fluxes in clusters of fuel pins arranged in hexagonal assemblies (2D and 3D)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For computations of fluxes, we have used Carvik's method of collision probabilities. This method requires tracking algorithms. An algorithm to compute tracks (in 2D and 3D) has been developed for seven hexagonal geometries with cluster of fuel pins. This has been implemented in the NXT module of the code DRAGON. The flux distribution in cluster of pins has been computed by using this code. For testing the results, they are compared when possible with the EXCELT module of the code DRAGON. Tracks are plotted in the NXT module by using MATLAB, these plots are also presented here. Results are presented with increasing number of lines to show the convergence of these results. We have numerically computed volumes, surface areas and the percentage errors in these computations. These results show that 2D results converge faster than 3D results. The accuracy on the computation of fluxes up to second decimal is achieved with fewer lines. (authors)

Prabha, H.; Marleau, G. [Institut de Genie Nucleaire, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Stn. CV, P.O. Box 6079, Montreal, QC H3C 3A7 (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

living walls | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

14 14 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142229614 Varnish cache server living walls Home Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(15) Member 15 November, 2013 - 13:26 Living Walls ancient building system architect biomimicry building technology cooling cu daylight design problem energy use engineer fred andreas geothermal green building heat transfer heating living walls metabolic adjustment net zero pre-electricity Renewable Energy Solar university of colorado utility grid Wind

259

INTEGRATED ENERGY EFFICIENT WINDOW-WALL SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

The building industry faces the challenge of reducing energy use while simultaneously improving construction methods and marketability. This paper describes the first phase of a project to address these concerns by designing an Integrated Window Wall System (IWWS) that can be commercialized. This work builds on previous research conducted during the 1990's by Lawrence Berkeley national Laboratories (LBNL). During this phase, the objective was to identify appropriate technologies, problems and issues and develop a number of design concepts. Four design concepts were developed into prototypes and preliminary energy analyses were conducted Three of these concepts (the foam wall, steel wall, and stiffened plate designs) showed particular potential for meeting the project objectives and will be continued into a second phase where one or two of the systems will be brought closer to commercialization.

Michael Arney, Ph.D.

2002-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

260

Turbine airfoil with a compliant outer wall  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine airfoil usable in a turbine engine with a cooling system and a compliant dual wall configuration configured to enable thermal expansion between inner and outer layers while eliminating stress formation in the outer layer is disclosed. The compliant dual wall configuration may be formed a dual wall formed from inner and outer layers separated by a support structure. The outer layer may be a compliant layer configured such that the outer layer may thermally expand and thereby reduce the stress within the outer layer. The outer layer may be formed from a nonplanar surface configured to thermally expand. In another embodiment, the outer layer may be planar and include a plurality of slots enabling unrestricted thermal expansion in a direction aligned with the outer layer.

Campbell, Christian X. (Oviedo, FL); Morrison, Jay A. (Oviedo, FL)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Living Walls | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Living Walls Living Walls Home > Groups > Buildings Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(15) Member 15 November, 2013 - 13:26 ancient building system architect biomimicry building technology cooling cu daylight design problem energy use engineer fred andreas geothermal green building heat transfer heating living walls metabolic adjustment net zero pre-electricity Renewable Energy Solar university of colorado utility grid Wind Much of the discussion surrounding green buildings centers around reducing energy use. The term net zero is the platinum standard for green buildings, meaning the building in question does not take any more energy from the utility grid than it produces using renewable energy resources, such as solar, wind, or geothermal installations (and sometimes these renewable energy resources actually feed energy back to the utility grid). Architects

262

Wood Pulp Digetster Wall Corrosion Investigation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The modeling of the flow in a wood pulp digester is but one component of the investigation of the corrosion of digesters. This report describes the development of a Near-Wall-Model (NWM) that is intended to couple with a CFD model that determines the flow, heat, and chemical species transport and reaction within the bulk flow of a digester. Lubrication theory approximations were chosen from which to develop a model that could determine the flow conditions within a thin layer near the vessel wall using information from the interior conditions provided by a CFD calculation of the complete digester. The other conditions will be determined by coupled solutions of the wood chip, heat, and chemical species transport and chemical reactions. The NWM was to couple with a digester performance code in an iterative fashion to provide more detailed information about the conditions within the NW region. Process Simulations, Ltd (PSL) is developing the digester performance code. This more detailed (and perhaps more accurate) information from the NWM was to provide an estimate of the conditions that could aggravate the corrosion at the wall. It is intended that this combined tool (NWM-PSL) could be used to understand conditions at/near the wall in order to develop methods to reduce the corrosion. However, development and testing of the NWM flow model took longer than anticipated and the other developments (energy and species transport, chemical reactions and linking with the PSL code) were not completed. The development and testing of the NWM are described in this report. In addition, the investigation of the potential effects of a clear layer (layer reduced in concentration of wood chips) near the wall is reported in Appendix D. The existence of a clear layer was found to enhance the flow near the wall.

Giles, GE

2003-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

263

Technique for preparation of prototypic fast test reactor mixed-oxide fuel pins for ceramography and metallography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Irradiated liquid metal fast breeder reactor prototypic mixed-oxide fuel and cladding have been sectioned and examined in remote hot cell facilities for ceramographic and metallographic examinations. Metallography, shielded electron microprobe examinations, electron microscopy from replicas and autoradiography are routinely employed to obtain postirradiation data for statistical evaluation. Selection of preparatory techniques are based on fuel type, burnup, customer requirements and fuel pin condition.

Chastain, S.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

When wall insulation doesn`t save  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent study in Florida concluded that while wall insulation clearly saves heating energy, it is less effective at saving cooling energy. The study focused on concrete block houses on slab foundations, and determined that whether insulation saves cooling energy depends significantly on the interior thermostat setpoint, the lower the thermostat below outside temperature, the more likely wall installation was to save energy. This article describes the design of the study and compares it to other studies. Results in their entirety are described. 1 fig.

Johnson, D.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Enhancement of wall jet transport properties  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

By enhancing the natural instabilities in the boundary layer and in the free shear layer of a wall jet, the boundary is minimized thereby increasing the transport of heat and mass. Enhancing the natural instabilities is accomplished by pulsing the flow of air that creates the wall jet. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct.

Claunch, Scott D. (Broomfield, CO); Farrington, Robert B. (Golden, CO)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Irradiation performance of fast reactor MOX fuel pins with ferritic/martensitic cladding irradiated to high burnups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ACO-3 irradiation test, which attained extremely high burnups of about 232 GWd/t and resisted a high neutron fluence (E > 0.1 MeV) of about 39 1026 n/m2 as one of the lead tests of the Core Demonstration Experiment in the Fast Flux Test Facility, demonstrated that the fuel pin cladding made of ferritic/martensitic HT-9 alloy had superior void swelling resistance. The measured diameter profiles of the irradiated ACO-3 fuel pins showed axially extensive incremental strain in the MOX fuel column region and localized incremental strain near the interfaces between the MOX fuel and upper blanket columns. These incremental strains were as low as 1.5% despite the extremely high level of the fast neutron fluence. Evaluation of the pin diametral strain indicated that the incremental strain in the MOX fuel column region was substantially due to cladding void swelling and irradiation creep caused by internal fission gas pressure, while the localized strain near the MOX fuel/upper blanket interface was likely the result of the pellet/cladding mechanical interaction (PCMI) caused by cesium/fuel reactions. The evaluation also suggested that the PCMI was effectively mitigated by a large gap size between the cladding and blanket column.

Tomoyuki Uwaba; Masahiro Ito; Kozo Katsuyama; Bruce J. Makenas; David W. Wootan; Jon Carmack

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Irradiation performance of fast reactor MOX fuel pins with ferritic/martensitic cladding irradiated to high burnups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ACO-3 irradiation test, which attained extremely high burnups of about 232 GWd/t and resisted a high neutron fluence (E > 0.1 MeV) of about 39E26 n/m2 as one of the lead tests of the Core Demonstration Experiment in the Fast Flux Test Facility, demonstrated that the fuel pin cladding made of ferritic/martensitic HT-9 alloy had superior void swelling resistance. The measured diameter profiles of the irradiated ACO-3 fuel pins showed axially extensive incremental strain in the MOX fuel column region and localized incremental strain near the interfaces between the MOX fuel and upper blanket columns. These incremental strains were as low as 1.5% despite the extremely high level of the fast neutron fluence. Evaluation of the pin diametral strain indicated that the incremental strain in the MOX fuel column region was substantially due to cladding void swelling and irradiation creep caused by internal fission gas pressure, while the localized strain near the MOX fuel/upper blanket interface was likely the result of the pellet/cladding mechanical interaction (PCMI) caused by cesium/fuel reactions. The evaluation also suggested that the PCMI was effectively mitigated by a large gap size between the cladding and blanket column.

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Ito, Masahiro; Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Katsuyama, Kozo; Makenas, Bruce J.; Wootan, David W.; Carmack, Jon

2011-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

268

Quantitative comparison between the degree of domain orientation and nonlinear properties of a PZT ceramic during electrical and mechanical loading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The macroscopic electromechanical coupling properties of ferroelectric polycrystals are composed of linear and nonlinear contributions. The nonlinear contribution is typically associated with the extrinsic effects related to the creation and motion of domain walls. To quantitatively compare the macroscopic nonlinear properties of a lead zirconate titanate ceramic and the degree of domain orientation, in-situ neutron and high-energy x-ray diffraction experiments are performed and they provide the domain orientation density as a function of the external electric field and mechanical compression. Furthermore, the macroscopic strain under the application of external electrical and mechanical loads is measured and the nonlinear strain is calculated by means of the linear intrinsic piezoelectric effect and the linear intrinsic elasticity. The domain orientation density and the nonlinear strain show the same dependence on the external load. The scaling factor that relates to the two values is constant and is the same for both electrical and mechanical loadings.

Marsilius, Mie; Granzow, Torsten; Jones, Jacob L. (Florida); (Darmstadt)

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

269

Thermodynamic Measurements under a Wall Cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A storm intercept crew from the University of Oklahoma made a sounding near and underneath the wall cloud of the right-moving member of a splitting thunderstorm in north Texas on 27 May 1985. A comparison between the sounding and an environmental ...

Howard B. Bluestein; Eugene W. McCaul Jr.; Gregory P. Byrd; Robert L. Walko

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Multi-wall carbon nanotubes in microwaves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electromagnetic (EM) response of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) prepared by chemical vapor decomposition (CVD) method has been analyzed in the microwave frequency range. EM absorption properties of MWCNT depend on their medium diameter related ... Keywords: carbon nanotube, coating, electromagnetic absorption, microwave

S. Moseenkov; V. Kuznetsov; A. Usoltseva; I. Mazov; A. Ischenko; T. Buryakov; O. Anikeeva; A. Romanenko; P. Kuzhir; D. Bychenok; K. Batrakov; S. Maksimenko

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Hot wire production of single-wall and multi-wall carbon nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus (210) for producing a multi-wall carbon nanotube (213) may comprise a process chamber (216), a furnace (217) operatively associated with the process chamber (216), and at least one filament (218) positioned within the process chamber (216). At least one power supply (220) operatively associated with the at least one filament (218) heats the at least one filament (218) to a process temperature. A gaseous carbon precursor material (214) operatively associated with the process chamber (216) provides carbon for forming the multi-wall carbon nanotube (213). A metal catalyst material (224) operatively associated with the process (216) catalyzes the formation of the multi-wall carbon nanotube (213).

Dillon, Anne C. (Boulder, CO); Mahan, Archie H. (Golden, CO); Alleman, Jeffrey L. (Lakewood, CO)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

272

Structural Basis of Cell Wall Cleavage by a Staphylococcal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The major autolysins (Atl) of Staphylococcus epidermidis and S. aureus play an important role in cell separation, and their mutants are also attenuated in virulence. Therefore, autolysins represent a promising target for the development of new types of antibiotics. Here, we report the high-resolution structure of the catalytically active amidase domain AmiE (amidase S. epidermidis) from the major autolysin of S. epidermidis. This is the first protein structure with an amidase-like fold from a bacterium with a gram-positive cell wall architecture. AmiE adopts a globular fold, with several a-helices surrounding a central b-sheet. Sequence comparison reveals a cluster of conserved amino acids that define a putative binding site with a buried zinc ion. Mutations of key residues in the putative active site result in loss of activity, enabling us to propose a catalytic mechanism. We also identified and synthesized muramyltripeptide, the minimal peptidoglycan fragment that can be used as a substrate by the enzyme. Molecular docking and digestion assays with muramyltripeptide derivatives allow us to identify key determinants of ligand binding. This results in a plausible model of interaction of this ligand not only for AmiE, but also for other PGN-hydrolases that share the same fold. As AmiE active-site mutations also show a severe growth defect, our findings provide an excellent platform for the design of specific inhibitors that target staphylococcal cell

Sebastian Zoll; Bernhard Ptzold; Martin Schlag; Friedrich Gtz; Hubert Kalbacher

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Engineering the fusion reactor first wall  

SciTech Connect

Recently the National Academy of Engineering published a set of Grand Challenges in Engineering in which the second item listed was entitled 'Provide energy from fusion'. Clearly a key component of this challenge is the science and technology associated with creating and maintaining burning plasmas. This is being vigorously addressed with both magnetic and inertial approaches with various experiments such as ITER and NIF. Considerably less attention is being given to another key component of this challenge, namely engineering the first wall that will contain the burning plasma. This is a daunting problem requiring technologies and materials that can not only survive, but also perform multiple essential functions in this extreme environment. These functions are (1) shield the remainder of the device from radiation. (2) convert of neutron energy to useful heat and (3) breed and extract tritium to maintain the reactor fuel supply. The first wall must not contaminate the plasma with impurities. It must be infused with cooling to maintain acceptable temperatures on plasma facing and structural components. It must not degrade. It must avoid excessive build-up of tritium on surfaces, and, if surface deposits do form, must be receptive to cleaning techniques. All these functions and constraints must be met while being subjected to nuclear and thermal radiation, particle bombardment, high magnetic fields, thermal cycling and occasional impingement of plasma on the surface. And, operating in a nuclear environment, the first wall must be fully maintainable by remotely-operated manipulators. Elements of the first wall challenge have been studied since the 1970' s both in the US and internationally. Considerable foundational work has been performed on plasma facing materials and breeding blanket/shield modules. Work has included neutronics, materials fabrication and joining, fluid flow, tritium breeding, tritium recovery and containment, energy conversion, materials damage and magnetohydrodynamics. While work to date has been quite valuable, no blanket concept has been built and operated in anything approaching a realistic fusion reactor environment. Rather, work has been limited to isolated experiments on first wall components and paper studies. The need now is to complete necessary R&D on first wall components, assemble components into a practical design, and test the first wall in a realistic fusion environment. Besides supporting work, major prototype experiments could be performed in non-nuclear experiments, as part of the ITER project and as part of the Component Test Facility. The latter is under active consideration and is a proposed machine which would use a driven plasma to expose an entire first wall to a fusion environment. Key US contributors to first wall research have been UCLA, UCSD, U of Wisconsin, LANL, ORNL, PNNL, Argonne and Idaho National Lab. Current efforts have been coordinated by UCLA. It is recognized that when this work progresses to a larger scale, leadership from a national laboratory will be required. LANL is well-prepared to provide such leadership.

Wurden, Glen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Scott, Willms [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

DSC: Public Domain Protein Secondary Structure Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the public domain versions of DSC (ftp://ftp.icnet.uk/icrfpublic /bmm/king/dsc/dsc.tar.z.).

Ross D. King; Mansoor Saqi; Roger Sayle; Michael J. E. Sternberg

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Reading the Cosmic Writing on the Wall  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reading the Cosmic Reading the Cosmic Writing on the Wall Reading the Cosmic Writing on the Wall NERSC Key to Planck's Revision of Universal Recipe March 21, 2013 Contact: Margie Wylie, mwylie@lbl.gov, + 1 510 486 7421 map800-600.jpg This map shows the oldest light in our universe, as detected with the greatest precision yet by the Planck mission. The ancient light, called the cosmic microwave background, was imprinted on the sky when the universe was 370,000 years old. (Image credit: ESA and the Planck Collaboration) Thanks to a supersensitive space telescope and some sophisticated supercomputing, scientists from the international Planck collaboration have made the closest reading yet of the most ancient story in our universe: the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Today, the team released preliminary results based on the Planck

276

Wall, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wall, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Wall, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.3936801°, -79.7861577° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.3936801,"lon":-79.7861577,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

277

Solar Decathlon 2013: Raising More Than Just Walls | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Raising More Than Just Walls Solar Decathlon 2013: Raising More Than Just Walls September 10, 2013 - 1:36pm Addthis Key to the University of North Carolina at Charlotte's...

278

TBU-0061- In the Matter of Misti Wall  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Misti Wall (the complainant or Wall), appeals the dismissal of her complaint of retaliation filed under 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program. As...

279

After Exodus : re-occupation of the metropolitan wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The title "Exodus alludes to a restricted exclave encircled by a forbidding wall -- effect, a prison on the scale of a metropolis, and one in which people sought refuge voluntarily. Over the past forty years, similar walls ...

Allison, Jordan Lloyd Norman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Recording of Heart Wall Motion with Ultrasound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ultrasonic echo?ranging apparatus using a pulse transmitter and high gain broadband receiver connected to a bariumtitanatetransducer has been used to obtain echoes from the walls and septa of the beating heart. The apparatus can be used over a center frequency range of 0.5 to 2.5 Mc. The sound beam is directed into the heart through the spaces between the ribs

John M. Reid

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Testing wall panels for earthquake response  

SciTech Connect

As part of the structural response research program being conducted for the Nevada Operations Office of ERDA a testing program for the investigation of nonstructural wall panels subjected to racking was developed and conducted. The objectives of the testing program were to determine thresholds for damage to partitions due to horizontal adjacent story displacement in high-rise buildings and to gather data that can be used to determine the influence of nonstructural partitions on the structural response of high-rise buildings. In general, the wall panels were constructed to represent typical partitions used in high-rise building construction. Some of the panels were used for special parameter studies or for comparisons with other test programs. A specially designed testing frame simulated cyclic lateral displacement, parallel to the plane of the wall panels, that might be experienced during the response of a building to strong winds or earthquake motion. Stiffness and strength characteristics, estimates of equivalent viscous damping, and damage threshold results were obtained. The data appear to give a good approximate evaluation of the performance of non-load-bearing partitions under cyclic loading. (LCL)

Freeman, S.A.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

ADVANCED HIGH PERFORMANCE SOLID WALL BLANKET CONCEPTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

OAK A271 ADVANCED HIGH PERFORMANCE SOLID WALL BLANKET CONCEPTS. First wall and blanket (FW/blanket) design is a crucial element in the performance and acceptance of a fusion power plant. High temperature structural and breeding materials are needed for high thermal performance. A suitable combination of structural design with the selected materials is necessary for D-T fuel sufficiency. Whenever possible, low afterheat, low chemical reactivity and low activation materials are desired to achieve passive safety and minimize the amount of high-level waste. Of course the selected fusion FW/blanket design will have to match the operational scenarios of high performance plasma. The key characteristics of eight advanced high performance FW/blanket concepts are presented in this paper. Design configurations, performance characteristics, unique advantages and issues are summarized. All reviewed designs can satisfy most of the necessary design goals. For further development, in concert with the advancement in plasma control and scrape off layer physics, additional emphasis will be needed in the areas of first wall coating material selection, design of plasma stabilization coils, consideration of reactor startup and transient events. To validate the projected performance of the advanced FW/blanket concepts the critical element is the need for 14 MeV neutron irradiation facilities for the generation of necessary engineering design data and the prediction of FW/blanket components lifetime and availability.

WONG, CPC; MALANG, S; NISHIO, S; RAFFRAY, R; SAGARA, S

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Fluctuating pressure correlations in wall turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of the present paper is to study the influence of wall-echo on pressure fluctuations $p'$, and on statistical correlations containing $p'$, {\\em viz} redistribution $\\phi_{ij}$ and pressure diffusion $d_{ij}^{(p)}$. We extend the usual analysis of turbulent correlations containing pressure fluctuations in wall-bounded \\tsc{dns} computations [Kim J.: {\\em J. Fluid Mech.} {\\bf 205} (1989) 421--451], separating $p'$ not only into rapid $p_{(\\mathrm{r})}'$ and slow $p_{(\\mathrm{s})}'$ parts [Chou P.Y.: {\\em Quart. Appl. Math.} {\\bf 3} (1945) 38--54], but further into volume (weakly inhomogeneous; $p'_{(\\mathrm{r};\\mathfrak{V})}$ and $p'_{(\\mathrm{s};\\mathfrak{V})}$) and surface (strongly inhomogeneous wall-echo; $p'_{(\\mathrm{r};w)}$ and $p'_{(\\mathrm{s};w)}$) terms. An algorithm, based on a Green's function approach, is developed to compute the above splittings for various correlations containing pressure fluctuations (redistribution, pressure diffusion, velocity/pressure-gradient), in fully develope...

Gerolymos, G A; Senechal, D; Vallet, I

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Polysulfone /Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Nanocomposites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Polyurethane (PU)/ polysulfone/multi-walled carbon nanotubes ( MWNTs) hybrid nanocomposites of different weight ratio have been prepared...

285

Full abstraction for nominal Scott domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a domain theory within nominal sets and present programming language constructs and results that can be gained from this approach. The development is based on the concept of orbit-finite subset, that is, a subset of a nominal sets that is ... Keywords: denotational semantics, domain theory, full abstraction, nominal sets, symmetry

Steffen Lsch; Andrew M. Pitts

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Domain reduction method for atomistic simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a quasi-static formulation of the method of multi-scale boundary conditions (MSBCs) is derived and applied to atomistic simulations of carbon nano-structures, namely single graphene sheets and multi-layered graphite. This domain reduction ... Keywords: atomistic simulation, carbon nano-structures, deformable boundary, domain reduction, graphite, multi-scale modeling, nano-indentation

Sergey N. Medyanik; Eduard G. Karpov; Wing Kam Liu

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

A logical model for relational abstract domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we introduce the notion of Heyting completion in abstract interpretation. We prove that Heyting completion provides a model for Cousot's reduced cardinal power of abstract domains and that it supplies a logical basis to specify relational ... Keywords: Heyting completion, abstract interpretation, closure operators, condensing analysis, constraint logic programming, directional types, domains, intuitionistic logic, reduced cardinal power, static analysis

Roberto Giacobazzi; Francesca Scozzari

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Improving abstract interpretations by combining domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article considers static analysis based on abstract interpretation of logic programs over combined domains. It is known that analyses over combined domains provide more information potentially than obtained by the independent analyses. However, ... Keywords: abstract interpretation, logic programming, program analysis

Michael Codish; Anne Mulkers; Maurice Bruynooghe; Maria Garca de la Banda; Manuel Hermenegildo

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Proposal on Lithium Wall Experiment (LWX) on PBXM 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposal on Lithium Wall Experiment (LWX) on PBX­M 1 Leonid E. Zakharov, Princeton University; OUTLINE 1. Mini­conference on Lithium walls and low recycling regime. 2. PBX­M Capabilities. 3. Motivation "Lithium covered walls and low recycling regimes in toka­ maks". APS meeting, October 23­27, 2000, Quebec

Zakharov, Leonid E.

290

Simulation of terrace wall methane-steam reforming reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Terrace wall arrangement is one of the most common arrangements for methane-steam reforming reactor furnaces. In this work, a mathematical model of heat transfer in terrace wall furnaces has been developed. The model has been coupled with a reliable ... Keywords: heat transfer modeling, methane-steam reforming, reformer simulation, terrace wall furnace

J. S. Soltan Mohammadzadeh; A. Zamaniyan

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Electronics Properties of Single-Walled Twisted Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electronic properties are calculated and simulited by using density functional theory based on the nonequilibrium Green's function when a zigzag single-wall carbon nanotube (SCNTs) is twisted. We found that the twist of the single-wall carbon nanotube ... Keywords: single-wall twisted carbon nanotubes, nonequilibrium Green's function, density functional theory, electric structure, electronic transmission

Qing-fang Fu; Da-peng Hao; Xiao-mi Yan; Dao-wei He; Zhi-shun Chen; Li-guang Wang; Terence K. S. W

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Wednesday, 27 June 2012 00:00 Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

293

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

294

Novel tri-modal defect structure in Nb-doped MOCVD YBa2Cu3O7: A paradigm for pinning landscape control  

SciTech Connect

Immobilization of vortices, or flux pinning, is both an enduring scientific issue and one of the most important problems in optimizing high temperature superconductors (HTS) for commercial use. Here, we demonstrate a practical approach to the creation of a multi-modal flux pinning landscape in YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) films employing an industrially scalable metal organic chemical vapor deposition technique. Through controlled additions of Nb, we have achieved a novel distribution of crystallographic defects that immobilize (pin) vortices in the YBCO matrix. That is, with only the addition of a single dopant element, a tri-modal defect structure that threads through the YBCO matrix laterally (parallel to the ab planes of YBCO), vertically (parallel to the YBCO c-axis), and isotropically in the form of random spherical defects is induced. For optimally doped samples, the influence of these multi-modal nanocrystalline defect structures on the flux pinning properties manifests itself as a superior improvement in the critical current density (Jc) for all magnetic field orientations. The results demonstrate the possibility of achieving an ideal flux pinning landscape (from an orientation and strength viewpoint), which permits the design of HTS wires with fully-tuneable properties by processes suitable for large-scale manufacturing.

Aytug, Tolga [ORNL; Maroni, Victor A. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Chen, Z [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Miller, Dean [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Kropft, Jeremy [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Zaluzec, Nestor J [ORNL; Zuev, Yuri L [ORNL; Specht, Eliot D [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Asymmetric error field interaction with rotating conducting walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction of error fields with a system of differentially rotating conducting walls is studied analytically and compared to experimental data. Wall rotation causes eddy currents to persist indefinitely, attenuating and rotating the original error field. Superposition of error fields from external coils and plasma currents are found to break the symmetry in wall rotation direction. The vacuum and plasma eigenmodes are modified by wall rotation, with the error field penetration time decreased and the kink instability stabilized, respectively. Wall rotation is also predicted to reduce error field amplification by the marginally stable plasma.

Paz-Soldan, C.; Brookhart, M. I.; Hegna, C. C.; Forest, C. B. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Highly Energy Efficient Wall Systems Research Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Highly Energy Efficient Wall Systems Highly Energy Efficient Wall Systems Research Project Highly Energy Efficient Wall Systems Research Project The Department of Energy is currently conducting research into highly energy efficient wall systems. Walls with high R-values are better insulators, and their development can help buildings come closer to having zero net energy consumption. Project Description This project seeks to develop a commercially viable wall system up to R-40 through integration of vacuum technology with the exterior insulated façade system (EIFS). Dow Corning will develop a wall system configuration of expanded polystyrene vacuum isolation panels that can be specified for R-values of 20, 30, and 40. This project also aims to develop a unitized protection system of vacuum isolation panels and to validate current code

297

Ideal Magnetohydrodynamics Stability Spectrum with a Resistive Wall  

SciTech Connect

We show that the eigenvalue equations describing a cylindrical ideal magnetophydrodynamicsw (MHD) plasma interacting with a thin resistive wall can be put into the standard mathematical form: ??? = ??? ?. This is accomplished by using a finite element basis for the plasma, and by adding an extra degree of freedom corresponding to the electrical current in the thin wall. The standard form allows the use of linear eigenvalue solvers, without additional interations, to compute the complete spectrum of plasma modes in the presence of a surrounding restrictive wall at arbitrary separation. We show that our method recovers standard results in the limits of (1) an infinitely resistive wall (no wall), and (2) a zero resistance wall (ideal wall).

S.P. Smith and S.C. Jardin

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

298

Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Details Activities (10) Areas (10) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Detection of rock units or geological features with contrasting apparent resistivity. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural information may be inferred from TDEM data. Hydrological: Hydrological information such as depth to groundwater table may be determined. Thermal: Extent of hydrothermal alteration mineralogy may be inferred. Cost Information

299

WELDING THIN-WALLED URANIUM CYLINDERS  

SciTech Connect

One of Its Monograph Series, The Industrial Atom.'' The development of a satisfactory process for the fusion welding of thin-walled uranium cylinders is discussed. Optimum results were obtained using the inert-gas shielded-arc method without the use of filler metal. The ductility of the welded joints, however, was lower than that of cast metal. Surface conditions and and the purity of the inert gas used affected the weld soundness. Straight polarity direct current was used for welding to achieve maximum penetration and to provide are stability. Welding must be done in the flat position. (auth)

Brundige, E.L.; Taub, J.M.; Hanks, G.S.; Doll, D.T.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Gas turbine bucket wall thickness control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A core for use in casting a turbine bucket including serpentine cooling passages is divided into two pieces including a leading edge core section and a trailing edge core section. Wall thicknesses at the leading edge and the trailing edge of the turbine bucket can be controlled independent of each other by separately positioning the leading edge core section and the trailing edge core section in the casting die. The controlled leading and trailing edge thicknesses can thus be optimized for efficient cooling, resulting in more efficient turbine operation.

Stathopoulos, Dimitrios (Glenmont, NY); Xu, Liming (Greenville, SC); Lewis, Doyle C. (Greer, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Inferring evolutionary scenarios for protein domain compositions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Essential cellular processes are controlled by functional interactions of protein domains, which can be inferred from their evolutionary histories. Methods to reconstruct these histories are challenged by the complexity of reconstructing macroevolutionary ...

John Wiedenhoeft; Roland Krause; Oliver Eulenstein

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Casimir forces in the time domain: Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our previous article [Phys. Rev. A 80, 012115 (2009)] introduced a method to compute Casimir forces in arbitrary geometries and for arbitrary materials that was based on a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) scheme. In ...

Johnson, Steven G.

303

Indexing Flower Patent Images Using Domain Knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors describe a new approach to indexing a specialized database using the color and spatial domain knowledge available for the database. They illustrate their approach by using it to solve the problem of indexing flower images when searching a ...

Madirakshi Das; R. Manmatha; Edward M. Riseman

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Domain constants associated with Schwarzian derivative  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

we note that every Jordan domain is M6bius equivalent to a subdomain of H having 0 ... Since the boundary of f(A) is not a Jordan curve, S~A(A)-Ao(A). Thus (

305

Improving abstract interpretations by combining domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article considers static analysis based on abstract interpretation of logic programs over combined domains. It is known that analyses over combined domains provide more information potentially than obtained by the independent analyses. However, the construction of a combined analysis often requires redefining the basic operations for the combined domain. A practical ap-proach to maintain precision in combined analyses of logic programs which reuses the individual analyses and does not redefine the basic operations is illustrated, The advantages of the approach are that (1) proofs of correctness for the new domains are not required and (2) implementations can be reused. The approach is demonstrated by showing that a combined sharing analysis constructed from old proposals compares well with other new proposals suggested in recent

Michael Codish; Anne Mulkers; Maurice Bruynooghe; Maria Garcia De La Banda; Manuel Hermenegildo

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Experimental Evaluation of Innovative Wall Daylighting Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daylighting offers the potential to save electrical energy and reduce peak demand for lighting, the major consumer of energy in a variety of buildings. However, widespread adoption of daylighting techniques is hampered by the lack of both daylight resource information and simple, reliable methods of testing daylighting designs. To surmount these obstacles, facilities for collecting illuminance data and for testing small-scale and full-size models have been established. These are (1) an extensively instrumented resource measurement station, (2) a sun angle simulator for exploring the geometries of the sun and the building during the early stages of design, (3) a heliodon to allow detailed illuminance and luminance distribution measurements in scale models, and (4) a rotating test building for quantitative and qualitative assessments of full-scale components. The current research efforts have been using these facilities to seek ways of projecting light admitted through walls deep into interior spaces. Sidelighting systems are of interest because the wall is the only available source of daylight in many commercial buildings. Innovative static and dynamic reflector assemblies have been examined and proven effective. Compared with typical sidelighting designs, the systems examined in this study project light deeper and produce more uniform illuminance across the space.

Place, J. W.; Howard, T. C.; Paulos, S.; Chung, K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

"A Wall Victim from the West": Migration, German Division, and Multidirectional Memory in Kreuzberg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19502000. The German Wall: Fallout in Europe. Ed. Marcin Berlin. The German Wall: Fallout in Europe. Ed. Marc

Jurgens, Jeffrey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Dynamic load test of Arquin-designed CMU wall.  

SciTech Connect

The Arquin Corporation has developed a new method of constructing CMU (concrete masonry unit) walls. This new method uses polymer spacers connected to steel wires that serve as reinforcing as well as a means of accurately placing the spacers so that the concrete block can be dry stacked. The hollows of the concrete block are then filled with grout. As part of a New Mexico Small Business Assistance Program (NMSBA), Sandia National Laboratories conducted a series of tests that dynamically loaded wall segments to compare the performance of walls constructed using the Arquin method to a more traditional method of constructing CMU walls. A total of four walls were built, two with traditional methods and two with the Arquin method. Two of the walls, one traditional and one Arquin, had every third cell filled with grout. The remaining two walls, one traditional and one Arquin, had every cell filled with grout. The walls were dynamically loaded with explosive forces. No significant difference was noted between the performance of the walls constructed by the Arquin method when compared to the walls constructed by the traditional method.

Jensen, Richard Pearson

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

The Complexity of Description Logics with Concrete Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Concrete Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2.4.1 Unary Concrete Domains and ALCf Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 3 Reasoning with ALCF(D) 41 3.1 Concept Satis#12;ability: ALCF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 4.3 The Upper Bound

Baader, Franz

310

The Complexity of Description Logics with Concrete Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Concrete Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2.4.1 Unary Concrete Domains and ALCf Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 3 Reasoning with ALCF(D) 41 3.1 Concept Satisfiability: ALCF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 4.3 The Upper Bound

Baader, Franz

311

Structured hints : extracting and abstracting domain expertise.  

SciTech Connect

We propose a new framework for providing information to help optimize domain-specific application codes. Its design addresses problems that derive from the widening gap between the domain problem statement by domain experts and the architectural details of new and future high-end computing systems. The design is particularly well suited to program execution models that incorporate dynamic adaptive methodologies for live tuning of program performance and resource utilization. This new framework, which we call 'structured hints', couples a vocabulary of annotations to a suite of performance metrics. The immediate target is development of a process by which a domain expert describes characteristics of objects and methods in the application code that would not be readily apparent to the compiler; the domain expert provides further information about what quantities might provide the best indications of desirable effect; and the interactive preprocessor identifies potential opportunities for the domain expert to evaluate. Our development of these ideas is progressing in stages from case study, through manual implementation, to automatic or semi-automatic implementation. In this paper we discuss results from our case study, an examination of a large simulation of a neural network modeled after the neocortex.

Hereld, M.; Stevens, R.; Sterling, T.; Gao, G. R.; Mathematics and Computer Science; California Inst. of Tech.; Louisiana State Univ.; Univ. of Delaware

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

312

PinK: A TCL/TK based Database Interface to ADAMO and DAD Authors: K. Ackerstaff, M. A. Funk, M. Dueren, M. Ferstl, W. Wander, P. Green, Ph. Oelwein, P.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PinK: A TCL/TK based Database Interface to ADAMO and DAD Authors: K. Ackerstaff, M. ­A. Funk, M. Dueren, M. Ferstl, W. Wander, P. Green, Ph. Oelwein, P. Welch. PinK is a TCL/TK extension developed

313

Thermal Performance of Uninsulated and Partially Filled Wall Cavities: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Low-rise, wood-framed homes are the most common type of residential structures in the United States. Wood wall construction supports roofs efficiently and provides a stable frame for attaching interior and exterior wall coverings. Wall cavities are prevalent and increase thermal resistance, particularly when they are filled with insulating material. This paper describes detailed computational fluid dynamics modeling to evaluate the thermal performance of uninsulated or partially filled wall cavities and accounts for conduction through framing, convection, and radiation. Parameters are ambient outdoor temperature, cavity surface emissivity, cavity aspect ratio, and insulation height. Understanding the thermal performance of uninsulated or partially insulated wall cavities is essential for conserving energy in residential buildings. The results can serve as input for building energy simulation tools such as DOE2 and EnergyPlus for modeling the temperature dependent energy performance of new and older homes with uninsulated or partially insulated walls.

Ridouane, E. H.; Bianchi, M.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Trombe Walls in Low-Energy Buildings: Practical Experiences; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Low-energy buildings today improve on passive solar design by incorporating a thermal storage and delivery system called a Trombe wall. Trombe walls were integrated into the envelope of a recently completed Visitor Center at Zion National Park and a site entrance building at the National Wind Technology Center located at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL helped to design these commercial buildings to minimize energy consumption, using Trombe walls as an integral part of their design.

Torcellini, P.; Pless, S.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Mr. Andy Wall0 The Aerospace Corporation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

'k.f' :, , j '"; ,,' 'k.f' :, , j '"; ,,' DEC 5 1984 Mr. Andy Wall0 The Aerospace Corporation suite 4000 955 L'Enfant Plaza, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20024 Dear Mr. Wallo: The Divisfon of Remedial Action Projects staff has reviewed the authority review documents for Gardinler, Inc., Tampa, Florida; Conserv (formerly Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co.), Nichols, Florida; and Blockson Chemical co., Joliet, Illinois. Based on the content therein and in consultation with Mr. Steve Miller, Office of General Counsel (C&11), Departamt of Energy, It has been determined that the Department has no authority, through the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, to conduct remedial action at the aforementioned sites, Therefore, please prepare the document packages necessary to notify the appropriate state authorities and the

316

An Exploration of Wall Retrofit Best Practices  

SciTech Connect

A series of experiments were performed to examine wall retrofit options including replacing the cladding, adding insulation under the cladding, and multiple sealing methods that can be used when installing replacement windows in well-built or loosely-built rough openings. These experiments included thermal measurements in a hot box and air-leakage measurements. The retrofit claddings considered included wood-lap siding, vinyl siding, and vinyl siding with an integrated and formed foam insulation. Retrofit insulations included expanded and extruded polystyrene and foil-faced polyisocyanurate in various thicknesses. Air sealing methods for replacement windows included traditional caulking, exterior trim variations, loose-fill fiberglass, low-expansion foam, self-expanding foam inserts, and specialty tape. Results were applied to a model to estimate whole-house energy impacts for multiple climates.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Petrie, Thomas [ORNL; Kosny, Jan [ORNL; Childs, Phillip W [ORNL; Atchley, Jerald Allen [ORNL; Hulvey, Kimberly D [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Fracture of welded aluminum thin-walled structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive methodology was developed in the thesis for damage prediction of welded aluminum thin-walled structures, which includes material modeling, calibration, numerical simulation and experimental verification. ...

Zheng, Li, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Reinforced Concrete Wall Research Based on the Experience ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the Experience and Observations from the February 2010 Maule, Chile, Earthquake ... of walls as observed in Chile could be realized in the US. ...

2013-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

319

Changes in Cell Wall Carbohydrate Extractability Are Correlated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Short Communication Changes in Cell Wall Carbohydrate Extractability Are Correlated with Reduced Recalcitrance of HCT Downregulated Alfalfa Biomass Sivakumar Pattathil, 1 Trina...

320

Moisture Management for High R-Value Walls  

SciTech Connect

The following report explains the moisture-related concerns for High R-value wall assemblies and discusses past Building America research work that informs this study. Hygrothermal simulations were prepared for several common approaches to High R-value wall construction in six cities (Houston, Atlanta, Seattle, St. Louis, Chicago, and International Falls) representing a range of climate zones (2, 3, 4C, 4, 5A, and 7, respectively). The simulations are informed by experience gained from past research in this area and validated by field measurement and forensic experience. The modeling program was developed to assess the moisture durability of the wall assemblies based on three primary sources of moisture: construction moisture, air leakage condensation, and bulk water leakage. The peak annual moisture content of the wood based exterior sheathing was used to comparatively analyze the response to the moisture loads for each of the walls in each given city. Walls which experienced sheathing moisture contents between 20% and 28% were identified as risky, whereas those exceeding 28% were identified as very high risk. All of the wall assemblies perform well under idealized conditions. However, only the walls with exterior insulation, or cavity insulation which provides a hygrothermal function similar to exterior insulation, perform adequately when exposed to moisture loads. Walls with only cavity insulation are particularly susceptible to air leakage condensation. None of the walls performed well when a precipitation based bulk water leak was introduced to the backside of the sheathing, emphasizing the importance of proper flashing details.

Lepage, R.; Schumacher, C.; Lukachko, A.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Thermal performance of concrete masonry unit wall systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New materials, modern building wall technologies now available in the building marketplace, and unique, more accurate, methods of thermal analysis of wall systems create an opportunity to design and erect buildings where thermal envelopes that use masonry wall systems can be more efficient. Thermal performance of the six masonry wall systems is analyzed. Most existing masonry systems are modifications of technologies presented in this paper. Finite difference two-dimensional and three-dimensional computer modeling and unique methods of the clear wall and overall thermal analysis were used. In the design of thermally efficient masonry wall systems is t to know how effectively the insulation material is used and how the insulation shape and its location affect the wall thermal performance. Due to the incorrect shape of the insulation or structural components, hidden thermal shorts cause additional heat losses. In this study, the thermal analysis of the clear wall was enriched with the examination of the thermal properties of the wall details and the study of a quantity defined herein the Thermal Efficiency of the insulation material.

Kosny, J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

Single Wall Carbon Nanotube/Polyacrylonitrile Composite Fiber .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs), discovered in 1993, have good mechanical, electrical and thermal properties. Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) is an important fiber for textiles as well (more)

Liang, Jianghong

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Wall and laser spot motion in cylindrical hohlraums  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wall and laser spot motion measurements in empty, propane-filled and plastic (CH)-lined gold coated cylindrical hohlraums were performed on the Omega laser facility [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)]. Wall motion was measured using axial two-dimensional (2D) x-ray imaging and laser spot motion was perpendicularly observed through a thinned wall using streaked hard x-ray imaging. Experimental results and 2D hydrodynamic simulations show that while empty targets exhibit on-axis plasma collision, CH-lined and propane-filled targets inhibit wall expansion, corroborated with perpendicular streaked imaging showing a slower motion of laser spots.

Huser, G.; Courtois, C.; Monteil, M.-C. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Moisture Management of High-R Walls (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The following report explains the moisture-related concerns for High R-value wall assemblies and discusses past Building America research work that informs this study. Hygrothermal simulations were prepared for several common approaches to High R-value wall construction in six cities (Houston, Atlanta, Seattle, St. Louis, Chicago, and International Falls) representing a range of climate zones (2, 3, 4C, 4, 5A, and 7, respectively). The simulations are informed by experience gained from past research in this area and validated by field measurement and forensic experience. The modeling program was developed to assess the moisture durability of the wall assemblies based on three primary sources of moisture: construction moisture, air leakage condensation, and bulk water leakage. The peak annual moisture content of the wood based exterior sheathing was used to comparatively analyze the response to the moisture loads for each of the walls in each given city. Walls which experienced sheathing moisture contents between 20% and 28% were identified as risky, whereas those exceeding 28% were identified as very high risk. All of the wall assemblies perform well under idealized conditions. However, only the walls with exterior insulation, or cavity insulation which provides a hygrothermal function similar to exterior insulation, perform adequately when exposed to moisture loads. Walls with only cavity insulation are particularly susceptible to air leakage condensation. None of the walls performed well when a precipitation based bulk water leak was introduced to the backside of the sheathing, emphasizing the importance of proper flashing details.

Not Available

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Performance and analysis of amorphous silicon p-i-n solar cells made by chemical-vapor deposition from disilane  

SciTech Connect

The photovoltaic performance of amorphous silicon p-i-n solar cells made by chemical-vapor deposition (CVD) from disilane is reported and analyzed. Intrinsic layers were deposited at rates from 0.2 to 50 A/s at temperatures from 380 to 460 /sup 0/C with and without boron doping. Device performance was insensitive to substantial differences in disilane purity. A cell efficiency of 4% was achieved. The primary limitation to higher efficiency was low fill factor (<50%) due to high series resistance (>18 ..cap omega.. cm/sup 2/). Analysis of the series resistance indicated a contact-related resistance of 4--12 ..cap omega.. cm/sup 2/ and a photoconductive resistance composed of intrinsic layer thickness-independent (10 ..cap omega.. cm/sup 2/) and thickness-dependent terms. Analysis of the voltage dependence of the current collection indicated a fill factor of 60% would be expected in the absence of series resistance. The maximum short-circuit current of 12.5 mA/cm/sup 2/ (normalized to 100 mW/cm/sup 2/) resulted with a boron-doped i layer deposited at 440 /sup 0/C at 3.3 A/s. Modeling of the collection efficiency indicated collection widths up to 0.33 ..mu..m for boron-doped and 0.24 ..mu..m for undoped p-i-n devices. In order to achieve high-efficiency cells using CVD from disilane, the limitations imposed by low photoconductivity, a high density of states, and restricted cell design imposed by the high deposition temperatures would have to be overcome.

Hegedus, S.S.; Rocheleau, R.E.; Buchanan, W.; Baron, B.N.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Method for sputtering a PIN microcrystalline/amorphous silicon semiconductor device with the P and N-layers sputtered from boron and phosphorous heavily doped targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A silicon PIN microcrystalline/amorphous silicon semiconductor device is constructed by the sputtering of N, and P layers of silicon from silicon doped targets and the I layer from an undoped target, and at least one semi-transparent ohmic electrode.

Moustakas, Theodore D. (Annandale, NJ); Maruska, H. Paul (Annandale, NJ)

1985-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

327

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations March 4, 2013 sadayappan Saday Sadayappan Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Ohio State University Recent trends in architecture are making multicore parallelism as well as heterogeneity ubiquitous. This creates significant chalenges to application developers as well as compiler implementations. Currently it is virtually impossible to achieve performance portability of high-performance applications, i.e., develop a single version of source code for an application that achieves high performance on different parallel computer platforms. Different implementations of compute intensive core functions are generally needed for different target platforms, e.g., for multicore

328

Parallel computation for shallow water flow: a domain decomposition approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: additive Schwarz preconditioning, domain decomposition, finite elements, parallelization, shallow water

L. Paglieri; D. Ambrosi; L. Formaggia; A. Quarteroni; A. L. Scheinine

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Eminent Domain (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Indiana) (Indiana) Eminent Domain (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Indiana Association of Cities and Towns Utilities, corporations, and gas storage facilities may invoke the law of eminent domain in certain circumstances, as provided for in this

330

Explicit finite element analysis of lightly reinforced masonry shear walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Explicit finite element analysis (FEA) of masonry shear walls containing reinforcement at spacing between 800mm and 2000mm, referred to as wide spaced reinforced masonry (WSRM), are modelled using macroscopic material characteristics for the unreinforced ... Keywords: Characteristic length, Ductility, Explicit finite element method, Failure mode, Masonry shear walls: Reinforced masonry, Quasi-static modelling

M. Dhanasekar; W. Haider

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Wall Lake Municipal Utilities Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wall Lake Municipal Utilities Wind Farm Wall Lake Municipal Utilities Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Wall Lake Municipal Utilities Wind Farm Facility Wall Lake Municipal Utilities Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Wall Lake Municipal Utilities Developer Wall Lake Municipal Utilities Energy Purchaser Wall Lake Municipal Utilities Location Wall Lake IA Coordinates 42.281965°, -95.094098° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.281965,"lon":-95.094098,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

332

Liquid Lithium Wall Experiments in CDX-U R. Majeski,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid Lithium Wall Experiments in CDX-U R. Kaita, a R. Majeski, a S. Luckhardt, b R. Doerner, b M ABSTRACT The concept of a flowing lithium first wall for a fusion reactor may lead to a significant advance is intensely heated and well diagnosed, and an extensive liquid lithium plasma-facing surface will be used

333

Particle production by the expanding thin-walled bubble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neglecting the effect of particle production at the moment of bubble nucleation, the spectrum of created particles during the bubble expansion is evaluated in the thin-wall approximation. It is shown that the expanding thin-walled bubble makes the dominant contribution to the particle production.

Michael Maziashvili

2003-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

334

Mound Isotope Power Systems; AMTEC Integral Cell Wall Compression Test  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An AMTEC (Alkali Metal Thermal-to-Electric Conversion) device is tested under a compression load at a rate of 0.0025 inches/minute. The integral cell wall is made of Haynes Alloy 25. The wall buckled at 724 pounds load.

None

1997-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

335

Bending and shear moduli of single-walled carbon nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elastic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) obtained experimentally and computationally are reviewed. Attention is paid particularly on the evaluation of Young's and shear moduli of SWCNT. A finite element method (FEM) previously presented ... Keywords: Finite element method, Mechanical properties, Single-walled carbon nanotubes

Cho W. S. To

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Progressive collapse simulation of precast panel shear walls during earthquakes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A distinct element method (DEM) program is modified to model precast panel shear walls. The influence of collapse time t"0 of local failure of a panel is presented. Integrity analyses of a twelve-storey, three-bay precast panel shear wall in different ... Keywords: Concrete panels, Distinct element method, Earthquakes, Failure process simulation, Progressive collapse

O. A. Pekau; Yuzhu Cui

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Fractured-Bedrock Aquifer Investigations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Fractured-Bedrock Aquifer Investigations Abstract Imaging with acoustic and optical televiewers results in continuous and oriented 360 degree views of the borehole wall from which the character and orientation of lithologic and structural features can be defined for fractured-bedrock aquifer investigations. Fractures are more clearly defined under a wider range of conditions on acoustic images than on optical images including dark-colored rocks, cloudy borehole water, and coated borehole walls. However, optical images allow for the direct viewing

338

Adaptive mesh generation for curved domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers the technologies needed to support the creation of adaptively constructed meshes for general curved three-dimensional domains and outlines one set of solutions for providing them. A brief review of an effective way to integrate mesh ... Keywords: adaptive meshes, anisotropic meshes, curved meshes

Mark S. Shephard; Joseph E. Flaherty; Kenneth E. Jansen; Xiangrong Li; Xiaojuan Luo; Nicolas Chevaugeon; Jean-Franois Remacle; Mark W. Beall; Robert M. O'Bara

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Combinational domain encryption for still visual data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Image data has distinct regions of different importance. This property of image data has extensively been used to develop partial encryption techniques, but it is still unnoticed for total encryption. Providing similar security level to data of varied ... Keywords: Arnold cat map, Combinational domain, Edge detection, Net pixel change ratio, Statistical analysis

Nidhi Taneja; Balasubramanian Raman; Indra Gupta

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Learning conjunctive concepts in structural domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of learning conjunctive concepts from examples on structural domains like the blocks world. nus class of concepts is formally defined and it is shown that even for samples in which each example (positive or negative) is a two-object ...

David Haussler

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Diversification for multi-domain result sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-domain search answers to queries spanning multiple entities, like "Find a hotel in Milan close to a concert venue, a museum and a good restaurant", by producing ranked sets of entity combinations that maximize relevance, measured by a function ...

Alessandro Bozzon; Marco Brambilla; Piero Fraternali; Marco Tagliasacchi

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Data challenges of time domain astronomy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Astronomy has been at the forefront of the development of the techniques and methodologies of data intensive science for over a decade with large sky surveys and distributed efforts such as the Virtual Observatory. However, it faces a new data deluge ... Keywords: Astronomy, Classification, Time domain, Virtual observatory

Matthew J. Graham; S. G. Djorgovski; Ashish Mahabal; Ciro Donalek; Andrew Drake; Giuseppe Longo

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Spectral Domain Boundaries in Cellular Automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Let A^{Z^D} be the Cantor space of Z^D-indexed configurations in a finite alphabet A, and let ? be the Z^D-action of shifts on A^{Z^D}. A cellular automaton is a continuous, ?-commuting self-map ? of A^{Z^D}, and a ?-invariant ... Keywords: Cellular automaton, defect, domain boundary, kink, subshift

Marcus Pivato

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Nucleic acids encoding a cellulose binding domain  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 15 figs.

Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

1996-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

345

Analysis of interrogatives in different domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this work is twofold: to quantify the distinct interrogative types in different domains for European Portuguese, and to discuss the weight of the linguistic features that best describe these structures, in order to model interrogatives in ... Keywords: interrogatives, prosody, punctuation

Helena Moniz; Fernando Batista; Isabel Trancoso; Ana Isabel Mata

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Nucleic acids encoding a cellulose binding domain  

SciTech Connect

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Penetration through a wall: Is it reality?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A tennis ball is not expected to penetrate through a brick wall since a motion under a barrier is impossible in classical mechanics. With quantum effects a motion of a particle through a barrier is allowed due to quantum tunneling. According to usual theories of tunneling, the particle density decays inside a classical barrier resulting in an extremely slow pentration process. However, there are no general laws forbidding fast motion through classical barriers. The problem addressed is investigation of unusual features o quantum tunneling through a classic static barrier which is at least two-dimensional. Here we show that penetration through such barrier can be not slow. When the barrier satisfies the certain conditions, a regime of quantum lens is possible with formation of caustics. De Broglie waves are reflected from the caustics, interfere, and result in a not small flux from under the barrier. This strongly contrasts to the usual scenario with a decaying under-barrier density. We construct a particular example of fast motion through a classical barrier. One can unexectedly conclude that, in principle, nature allows fast penetration through classical barriers which against common sense. The phenomenon may be responsible for a variety of processes in labs and nature. For example, tunneling in solids may occur with a different scenario, in biophysics and chemistry one can specify conditions for unusual reactions, and evanescent optical waves may strongly change their properties. In condensed matter and cosmic physics there are phenomena with misterious reasons of an energy emission, for instance, gamma-ray bursts. One can try to treat them in the context of fast escape from under some barriers.

B. Ivlev

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

348

Wall Orientation and Shear Stress in the Lattice Boltzmann Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The wall shear stress is a quantity of profound importance for clinical diagnosis of artery diseases. The lattice Boltzmann is an easily parallelizable numerical method of solving the flow problems, but it suffers from errors of the velocity field near the boundaries which leads to errors in the wall shear stress and normal vectors computed from the velocity. In this work we present a simple formula to calculate the wall shear stress in the lattice Boltzmann model and propose to compute wall normals, which are necessary to compute the wall shear stress, by taking the weighted mean over boundary facets lying in a vicinity of a wall element. We carry out several tests and observe an increase of accuracy of computed normal vectors over other methods in two and three dimensions. Using the scheme we compute the wall shear stress in an inclined and bent channel fluid flow and show a minor influence of the normal on the numerical error, implying that that the main error arises due to a corrupted velocity field near ...

Matyka, Maciej; Miros?aw, ?ukasz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Aerosol penetration through a seismically loaded shear wall  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study was performed to measure the aerosol penetration through a reinforced concrete shear wall after simulated seismic damage. Static load-cycle testing, to stress levels sufficient to induce visible shear cracking, was used to simulate the earthquake loading. Air permeability tests were performed both before and after the simulated seismic loading damaged the structure. Aerosol penetration measurements were conducted on the cracked shear wall structure using 0.10 {mu}m monodisperse particles. The measured aerosol number penetration through the cracked shear wall was 0.5%. 7 refs.

Farrar, C.R.; Girrens, S.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Aerosol penetration through a seismically loaded shear wall  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study was performed to measure the aerosol penetration through a reinforced concrete shear wall after simulated seismic damage. Static load-cycle testing, to stress levels sufficient to induce visible shear cracking, was used to simulate the earthquake loading. Air permeability tests were performed both before and after the simulated seismic loading damaged the structure. Aerosol penetration measurements were conducted on the cracked shear wall structure using 0.10 {mu}m monodisperse particles. The measured aerosol number penetration through the cracked shear wall was 0.5%. 7 refs.

Farrar, C.R.; Girrens, S.P.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Crystalline mesoporous zirconia catalysts having stable tetragonal pore wall structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for the preparation of new sulfated mesoporous zirconia materials/catalysts with crystalline pore walls of predominantly tetragonal crystal structure, characterized by nitrogen physisorption measurement, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and catalytic tests using n-butane isomerization to iso-butane and alkylation of 1-naphthol with 4-tert-butylstyrene as probe reactions. Sulfate deposition is preferred for the transformation of a mesoporous precursor with amorphous pore walls into a material with crystalline pore walls maintaining the mesoporous characteristics.

Sachtler, Wolfgang M. H. (Evanston, IL); Huang, Yin-Yan (Evanston, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Crystalline mesoporous zirconia catalysts having stable tetragonal pore wall structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods are disclosed for the preparation of new sulfated mesoporous zirconia materials/catalysts with crystalline pore walls of predominantly tetragonal crystal structure, characterized by nitrogen physical sorption measurement, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and catalytic tests using n-butane isomerization to iso-butane and alkylation of 1-naphthol with 4-tert-butylstyrene as probe reactions. Sulfate deposition is preferred for the transformation of a mesoporous precursor with amorphous pore walls into a material with crystalline pore walls maintaining the mesoporous characteristics. 17 figs.

Sachtler, W.M.H.; Huang, Y.Y.

1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

353

OBSERVATION O F T H E FORBIDDEN MAGNETIC DIPOLE TRANSITION 62P%+72P%IN ATOMIC THALLIUM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LBL - LBL - 5 73 1 OBSERVATION O F T H E FORBIDDEN MAGNETIC DIPOLE TRANSITION 62P%+72P%IN ATOMIC THALLIUM P r e p a r e d f o r Development Ad minis Steven Chu (Ph. D. t h e s i s ) October 1976 the U. S. E n e r g y R e s e a r c h and t r a t i o n u n d e r Contract W-7405-ENG-48 / r r w I VI 4 w c1 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product,

354

Amplitude to phase conversion of InGaAs pin photo-diodes for femtosecond lasers microwave signal generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a photo-diode is illuminated by a pulse train from a femtosecond laser, it generates microwaves components at the harmonics of the repetition rate within its bandwidth. The phase of these components (relative to the optical pulse train) is known to be dependent on the optical energy per pulse. We present an experimental study of this dependence in InGaAs pin photo-diodes illuminated with ultra-short pulses generated by an Erbium-doped fiber based femtosecond laser. The energy to phase dependence is measured over a large range of impinging pulse energies near and above saturation for two typical detectors, commonly used in optical frequency metrology with femtosecond laser based optical frequency combs. When scanning the optical pulse energy, the coefficient which relates phase variations to energy variations is found to alternate between positive and negative values, with many (for high harmonics of the repetition rate) vanishing points. By operating the system near one of these vanishing points, the typ...

Zhang, W; Lours, M; Seidelin, S; Santarelli, G; Coq, Y Le

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

The influence of vortex pinning and grain boundary structure on critical currents across grain boundaries in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x}.  

SciTech Connect

We have used studies of single grain boundaries in YBCO thin films and bulk bicrystals to study the influence of vortex pinning along a grain boundary on dissipation. The critical current density for transport across grain boundaries in thin films is typically more than an order of magnitude larger than that measured for transport across grain boundaries in bulk samples. For low disorientation angles, the difference in critical current density within the grains that form the boundary can contribute to the substantial differences in current density measured across the boundary. However, substantial differences exist in the critical current density across boundaries in thin film compared to bulk bicrystals even in the higher angle regime in which grain boundary dissipation dominates. The differences in critical current density in this regime can be understood on the basis of vortex pinning along the boundary.

Miller, D. J.

1998-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

356

Enhancement of magnetoresistance using CoFe/Ru/CoFe synthetic ferrimagnetic pinned layer in BiFeO{sub 3} based spin-valves  

SciTech Connect

SrTiO{sub 3} (100) sub/BiFeO{sub 3}/CoFe/Ru/CoFe/Cu/CoFe/Ta structure was prepared by a combination of chemical solution deposition and sputtering method, and followed by a systematical investigation for the structural, magnetic and magnetoresistance properties at room temperature (RT) as a function of CoFe and Ru thicknesses. It was revealed that introduction of synthetic CoFe/Ru/CoFe as a pinning layer increased the giant magentoresistance (MR) ratio to 8.3% at RT. This enhancement of MR ratio might be attributed to (i) the increase of pinning field, and (ii) suppression of the influence of the surface roughness of BiFeO{sub 3} by inserting the synthetic CoFe/Ru/CoFe layer.

Naganuma, Hiroshi; Kubota, Miho; Inami, Nobuhito; Kawada, Yuki; Oogane, Mikihiko; Ando, Yasuo [Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-05 Aoba Aramaki Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Bae, In-Tae [Small Scale Systems Integration and Packaging Center, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, New York 13902 (United States); Miyazaki, Takamichi [Tohoku University, Department of Instrumental Analysis, 6-6-11 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Mizukami, Shigemi [WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Han, X. F. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

357

Stochastic Chemical Reactions in Micro-domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional chemical kinetics may be inappropriate to describe chemical reactions in micro-domains involving only a small number of substrate and reactant molecules. Starting with the stochastic dynamics of the molecules, we derive a master-diffusion equation for the joint probability density of a mobile reactant and the number of bound substrate in a confined domain. We use the equation to calculate the fluctuations in the number of bound substrate molecules as a function of initial reactant distribution. A second model is presented based on a Markov description of the binding and unbinding and on the mean first passage time of a molecule to a small portion of the boundary. These models can be used for the description of noise due to gating of ionic channels by random binding and unbinding of ligands in biological sensor cells, such as olfactory cilia, photo-receptors, hair cells in the cochlea.

D. Holcman; Z. Schuss

2004-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

358

Reasoning with Concrete Domains Carsten Lutz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and fea­ ture disagreement. This leads to the new logic ALCF(D), which combines ALC(D) with the logic ALCF problems for the logic ALCF(D) are given. Furthermore, the complexity of rea­ soning with ALCF(D) is formally analyzed. Since reason­ ing with ALCF(D) involves a satisfiability check for the concrete domain

Baader, Franz

359

HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A 1-D DOMAIN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A 1-D DOMAIN HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A 1-D DOMAIN I. Domain Description 1-D Cartesian system, L x W x H = 1.5 m x 1.0 m x 1.0 m Discretization: 30 x 1 x 1 in (x,y,z) Uniform Δx = 0.05 m each; Δy = Δz = 1 m II. Initial Conditions Pressure: P i = 8 MPa Temperature: T i = 2 o C (for thermal stimulation), T i = 6 o C (for depressurization) Saturations: S H = 0.5, S A = 0.5, S G = 0.0 III. Boundary Conditions At x = X max : No mass or heat flow At x = 0: Constant S A = 1.0 (1) Constant P 0 = P i Constant T 0 = 45 o C Thermal stimulation (2) Constant T 0 = T i = 6 o C Constant P 0 = 2.8 MPa Depressurization to a pressure above the Q-point, no ice formation (3) Constant T 0 = T i = 6 o C Constant P 0 = 0.5 MPa Depressurization to a pressure below the Q-point,

360

NREL: News Feature - NREL Breaks Down Walls for Biofuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL Breaks Down Walls for Biofuels NREL Breaks Down Walls for Biofuels November 30, 2009 Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and ethanol producers are racing to come up with ways to make ethanol from cellulosic biomass that are cheaper and easier to produce than current methods. But they are hitting a wall. Cell walls in plants are making the production of cellulosic ethanol a challenge. So researchers are creating their own computer program to help model and break down the tiny fibers of cellulose - or fibrils - found in plant cells. Although ethanol is becoming more available to consumers, NREL is working closely with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to meet a quickly approaching goal to produce competitively priced ethanol for $1.50 per gallon by 2012. Why the rush? DOE believes this is the price at which

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Method and apparatus for constructing an underground barrier wall structure  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for constructing a underground barrier wall structure using a jet grout injector subassembly comprising a pair of primary nozzles and a plurality of secondary nozzles, the secondary nozzles having a smaller diameter than the primary nozzles, for injecting grout in directions other than the primary direction, which creates a barrier wall panel having a substantially uniform wall thickess. This invention addresses the problem of the weak "bow-tie" shape that is formed during conventional jet injection when using only a pair of primary nozzles. The improvement is accomplished by using at least four secondary nozzles, of smaller diameter, located on both sides of the primary nozzles. These additional secondary nozzles spray grout or permeable reactive materials in other directions optimized to fill in the thin regions of the bow-tie shape. The result is a panel with increased strength and substantially uniform wall thickness.

Dwyer, Brian P. (Albuquerque, NM); Stewart, Willis E. (W. Richland, WA); Dwyer, Stephen F. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Sizing Relationships for Pipe Wall Preheater-710 Reactor Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Relationships presented as curves are given that permit selection of preheater pipe diameters and lengths consistent with objective pressure drops, wall temperatures, and heat addition. The data are for 710 reactor experiment coolant and operating conditions.

Moon, C.W.

1965-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

363

Tire shreds as lightweight retaining wall backfill: Active conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 4.88-m-high retaining wall test facility was constructed to test tire shreds as retaining wall backfill. The front wall of the facility could be rotated outward away from the fill and was instrumented to measure the horizontal stress. Measurement of movement within the backfill and settlement of the backfill surface during wall rotation allowed estimation of the pattern of movement within the fill. Tests were conducted with tire shreds from three suppliers. Moreover, horizontal stress at this rotation for tire shreds was about 35% less than the active stress expected for conventional granular backfill. Design parameters were developed using two procedures; the first used the coefficient of lateral earth pressure and the other was based on equivalent fluid pressure. The inclination of the sliding plane with respect to horizontal was estimated to range from 61{degree} to 70{degree} for the three types of shreds.

Tweedie, J.J. [State of Maine Dept. of Transportation, Augusta, ME (United States); Humphrey, D.N.; Sandford, T.C. [Univ. of Maine, Orono, ME (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Evaluations of single walled carbon nanotubes using resonance Raman spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work reports the results of two studies which use resonance Raman scattering to evaluate the vibrational properties of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). In the first study, we report an evaluation of second-order ...

Brar, Victor W. (Victor Watson), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Improving Glass Walls Thermal Resistance In Air-Conditioned Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar radiation through an air conditioned building depends on what is called the building envelope. Building envelope consists of the surfaces that separate the inside from the building outdoors. Area, direction, and specifications of glass walls; as one of envelope surfaces; has an important impact on solar radiation. Design and construction of glass walls have significant effects on building comfort and energy consumption. This paper describes methods of improving glass walls thermal resistance in air conditioned buildings. Effect of glass wall radiation temperature on the indoor temperature distribution of building rooms is also investigated. Heat gain through various types of glass is discussed. Optimization and testing of these types are carried out theoretically and experimentally as well. A series of experiments on different types of glass with special strips is performed.

Galal, T.; Kulaib, A. M.; Alajmi, R.; Al-Ansary. A; Abuzaid, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Influence of soil parameters on the motion of rocking walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduced as a system in earthquake engineering in 2004 [6], rocking walls are a fairly new system in earthquake engineering. Their performance has been proven, both in research as in practice. However, a few uncertainties ...

Houbrechts, Jeroen J. J. (Jeroen Jose Julien)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

YMGI Through-the-Wall Air Conditioner Determined Noncompliant...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

testing revealed that this model operates at a Seasonal Energy Efficiency Rating (SEER) of 8.3. The current federal standard requires that through-the-wall split system...

368

Transpiring wall supercritical water oxidation test reactor design report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories is working with GenCorp, Aerojet and Foster Wheeler Development Corporation to develop a transpiring wall supercritical water oxidation reactor. The transpiring wall reactor promises to mitigate problems of salt deposition and corrosion by forming a protective boundary layer of pure supercritical water. A laboratory scale test reactor has been assembled to demonstrate the concept. A 1/4 scale transpiring wall reactor was designed and fabricated by Aerojet using their platelet technology. Sandia`s Engineering Evaluation Reactor serves as a test bed to supply, pressurize and heat the waste; collect, measure and analyze the effluent; and control operation of the system. This report describes the design, test capabilities, and operation of this versatile and unique test system with the transpiring wall reactor.

Haroldsen, B.L.; Ariizumi, D.Y.; Mills, B.E.; Brown, B.G. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Engineering for Transportation and Environment Dept.; Rousar, D.C. [GenCorp Aerojet, Sacramento, CA (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Interactions between Liquid-Wall Vapor and Edge Plasmas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of liquid walls for fusion reactors could help solve problems associated with material erosion from high plasma heat-loads and neutronic activation of structures. A key issue analyzed here is the influx of impurity ions to the core plasma from the vapor of liquid side-walls. Numerical 2D transport simulations are performed for a slab geometry which approximates the edge region of a reactor-size tokamak. Both lithium vapor (from Li or SnLi walls) and fluorine vapor (from Flibe walls) are considered for hydrogen edge-plasmas in the high- and low-recycling regimes. It is found that the minimum influx is from lithium with a low-recycling hydrogen plasma, and the maximum influx occurs for fluorine with a high-recycling hydrogen plasma.

Rognlien, T D; Rensink, M E

2000-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

370

Helium Pumping Wall for a Liquid Lithium Tokamak Richard Majeski...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is that a permeable wall is used to separate out helium produced as ash by a burning fusion reactor. This would replace the divertor structure and associated pumps in a...

371

Gas Adsorption on Heterogeneous Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the adsorption of C, Xe, and Ar onto bundles of closed-ended SWNTs. The Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are of inter- est as gas adsorbents because of their unique...

372

Dynamic analysis of concrete coupled wall structures : a parametric study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concrete coupled wall structure is a system that can efficiently dissipate energy under the effect of lateral loads. It has been widely used in medium height buildings for several decades. While researchers have conducted ...

Huang, Elaine Annabelle, 1981-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Seismic design, testing and analysis of reinforced concrete wall buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. of Engrg. Mech. 130, 1019, ASCE. Massone L.M. and WallaceWall. (To be submitted in ASCE Journal of Structuralof the Structural Division ASCE, 137-157. He, X. , Moaveni,

Panagiotou, Marios

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Conserval aka SolarWall | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name Conserval (aka SolarWall) Place Toronto, Ontario, Canada Zip M3J2N5 Sector Solar Product Makes solar passive heating and cooling products, and...

375

Thermal Performance of Uninsulated and Partially Filled Wall Cavities  

SciTech Connect

Wall cavities are widely present in the construction of low rise homes since wood framing is the most common type of construction for residential buildings in the United States. The primary function of such wall construction is to provide a stable frame to which interior and exterior wall coverings can be attached and by which a roof can be supported. The existence of wall cavities increases the thermal resistance of the enclosure, particularly when they are filled with insulating material. Several design guides provide data for prediction of the thermal resistance of uninsulated wall cavities of varying internal geometries. However, U-value coefficients provided in these guides do not account for partially insulated cavities or for variations in aspect ratio. Whole building energy simulation tools, like DOE2 or Energy Plus, use simplified, 1-D characterization of building envelopes. For the most part, this characterization assumes a fixed thermal resistance over the range of temperatures experienced by the enclosure. In reality, the thermal resistance is dominated by convection and radiation and is a function of several parameters, including the temperatures and emissivities of the cavity surfaces and the aspect ratio of the cavity. This study describes detailed CFD modeling to evaluate the thermal performance of uninsulated or partially filled wall cavities accounting for conduction through framing, convection, and radiation. The resulting correlations can serve as input for DOE2 and Energy Plus modeling of older homes, where the walls are either uninsulated or partially insulated due to the settling of the insulating material. Parameters of the study are the ambient temperature outdoors, emissivity of the cavity surfaces, cavity aspect ratio, and height of the insulation level. The outcomes of this study provide: An understanding of the thermal performance of uninsulated or partially insulated wall cavities, which is an essential aspect of energy conservation in residential buildings. Accurate input for whole building simulations models like DOE2 and Energy Plus in various climate zones. Recommendations on retrofit measures.

Ridouane, E.H.; Bianchi, M. V. A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Hygro-Thermal Performance of Imperfectly Protected Below-Grade Walls with Interior Insulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the performance of three different types of insulation installed in the interior of a basement wall system in a below-grade wall system. (more)

Wolfgang, Brian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

A Few Graph-Based Relational Numerical Abstract Domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the systematic design of a class of relational numerical abstract domains from non-relational ones. Constructed domains represent sets of invariants of the form (vj - vi C), where vj ...

Antoine Min

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Smart Grid Conceptual Actors/Data Flow Diagram- Cross Domain...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Grid Conceptual ActorsData Flow Diagram- Cross Domain Network Focued- Open SGSG-Network TF Smart Grid Conceptual ActorsData Flow Diagram- Cross Domain Network Focued- Open...

379

Static load test of Arquin-designed CMU wall.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Arquin Corporation has developed a new method of constructing CMU (concrete masonry unit) walls. This new method uses polymer spacers connected to steel wires that serve as reinforcing as well as means of accurately placing the spacers so that the concrete block can be dry stacked. The hollows of the concrete block used in constructing the wall are then filled with grout. As part of a New Mexico Small Business Assistance Program (NMSBAP), Sandia National Laboratories conducted a series of tests that statically loaded wall segments to compare the Arquin method to a more traditional method of constructing CMU walls. A total of 12 tests were conducted, three with the Arquin method using a W5 reinforcing wire, three with the traditional method of construction using a number 3 rebar as reinforcing, three with the Arquin method using a W2 reinforcing wire, and three with the traditional construction method but without rebar. The results of the tests showed that the walls constructed with the Arquin method and with a W5 reinforcing wire withstood more load than any of the other three types of walls that were tested.

Jensen, Richard Pearson; Cherry, Jeffery L.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Communicating oscillatory networks: Frequency Domain Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-deterministic models and used the presented techni- que of frequency domain analysis to investigate the differ- ences. The quasi-deterministic models are constructed from exactly the same reaction scheme and kinetic para- meters, however the kinetic functions... significant role in our findings. Note in particular from Additional file 1 Table S4 that the two species that directly perturb the cell cycle (namely p53a and NF-#1;Bn) have low stochasticity, so any noise inherent in their respective net- works does...

Ihekwaba, Adaoha E C; Sedwards, Sean

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures serve to protect Georgia's natural and environmental resources by requiring permits be issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection Division prior to any petroleum or petroleum product pipe company acquiring property or interests by eminent domain. Monitoring conditions will be issued with

382

Using Non-Government Domain Names | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Non-Government Domain Names Using Non-Government Domain Names Using Non-Government Domain Names There may be occasion where it is necessary to utilize a non-government domain. The OMB Policies for Federal Agency Public Websites states: Your agency must use only .gov, .mil, or Fed.us domains unless the agency head explicitly determines another domain is necessary for the proper performance of an agency function. This requirement recognizes the proper performance of agency functions includes an obligation for clear and unambiguous public notification of the agency's involvement in or sponsorship of its information dissemination products including public websites. It also recognizes in certain limited circumstances other domains may be necessary for the proper performance of an agency function.

383

Finite element analysis of the Arquin-designed CMU wall under a dynamic (blast) load.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Arquin Corporation designed a CMU (concrete masonry unit) wall construction and reinforcement technique that includes steel wire and polymer spacers that is intended to facilitate a faster and stronger wall construction. Since the construction method for an Arquin-designed wall is different from current wall construction practices, finite element computer analyses were performed to estimate the ability of the wall to withstand a hypothetical dynamic load, similar to that of a blast from a nearby explosion. The response of the Arquin wall was compared to the response of an idealized standard masonry wall exposed to the same dynamic load. Results from the simulations show that the Arquin wall deformed less than the idealized standard wall under such loading conditions. As part of a different effort, Sandia National Laboratories also looked at the relative static response of the Arquin wall, results that are summarized in a separate SAND Report.

Lopez, Carlos; Petti, Jason P.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Qualitative Reliability Issues for Solid and Liquid Wall Fusion Designs  

SciTech Connect

This report is an initial effort to identify issues affecting reliability and availability of solid and liquid wall designs for magnetic fusion power plant designs. A qualitative approach has been used to identify the possible failure modes of major system components and their effects on the systems. A general set of design attributes known to affect the service reliability has been examined for the overview solid and liquid wall designs, and some specific features of good first wall design have been discussed and applied to these designs as well. The two generalized designs compare well in regard to these design attributes. The strengths and weaknesses of each design approach are seen in the comparison of specific features.

Cadwallader, L.C.

2001-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

385

Qualitative Reliability Issues for Solid and Liquid Wall Fusion Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is an initial effort to identify issues affecting reliability and availability of solid and liquid wall designs for magnetic fusion power plant designs. A qualitative approach has been used to identify the possible failure modes of major system components and their effects on the systems. A general set of design attributes known to affect the service reliability has been examined for the overview solid and liquid wall designs, and some specific features of good first wall design have been discussed and applied to these designs as well. The two generalized designs compare well in regard to these design attributes. The strengths and weaknesses of each design approach are seen in the comparison of specific features.

Cadwallader, Lee Charles

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Long-Term Field Monitoring of an EIFS Clad Wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A popular retrofit option is to install an exterior insulation finish system to the walls of existing buildings. This study evaluates the thermal and moisture performance of such a system with a vented wall assembly. In addition to being a case study, this field monitoring was intended to verify computation methods of building envelope performance. The long term monitoring was designed to be non-destructive so that the building envelope performance is not affected by the measurements that are made, and to allow easy removal of sensors for recalibration and retrieval at the end of the test period. The field monitoring is planned for two years to capture a wide range of environmental conditions. This paper discusses the instrumentation used in the study and presents interim results of the thermal resistance of the wall and surface moisture.

Nady Sad William; M. Nady; A. Sad; William C. Brown; Iain S. Walker

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Optical fuel pin scanner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical scanner for indicia arranged in a focal plane at a cylindrical outside surface by use of an optical system including a rotatable dove prism. The dove prism transmits a rotating image of an encircled cylindrical surface area to a stationary photodiode array.

Kirchner, Tommy L. (Richland, WA); Powers, Hurshal G. (Richland, WA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Penetration of the LCLS Injector Shield Wall at Sector 20  

SciTech Connect

Penetrations through the LCLS injector shield wall are needed for the alignment of the accelerator, a diagnostic laser beam and utilities, and are shown in figure 1. The 1-inch diameter LCLS injector beam tube is blocked by the PPS stopper when the injector side of the wall is occupied. The two 3-inch diameter penetrations above and to the left of the beam tube are used by Precision Alignment and will be open only during installation of the injector beamline. Additional 3-inch diameter penetrations are for laser beams which will be used for electron beam diagnostics. These will not be plugged when the injector occupied. Other penetrations for the RF waveguide and other utilities are approximately 13-inch from the floor and as such are far from the line-of-sight of any radiation sources. The waveguide and utility penetrations pass only through the thicker wall as shown in the figure. The principal issue is with the two laser penetrations, since these will be open when the linac is operating and people are in the LCLS injector area. A principal concern is radiation streaming through the penetrations due to direct line-of sight of the PEP-2 lines. To answer this, fans of rays were traced through the 3-inch diameter laser penetrations as shown in Figures 2 and 3. Figure 2 gives the top view of the shield walls, the main linac and PEP-2 lines, and the ray-fans. The fans appear to originate between the walls since their angular envelope is defined by the greatest angle possible when rays are just on the 3-inch diameter at the inner most and outermost wall surfaces. The crossovers of all possible rays lie half way between these two surfaces. As the end-on view of Figure 3 clearly shows, there is no direct line-of-sight through the laser penetrations of the PEP-2 or linac beamlines.

Dowell, D

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

389

Vacuum Insulator Development for the Dielectric Wall Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we are developing a new type of accelerator, known as a Dielectric Wall Accelerator, in which compact pulse forming lines directly apply an accelerating field to the beam through an insulating vacuum boundary. The electrical strength of this insulator may define the maximum gradient achievable in these machines. To increase the system gradient, we are using 'High Gradient Insulators' composed of alternating layers of dielectric and metal for the vacuum insulator. In this paper, we present our recent results from experiment and simulation, including the first test of a High Gradient Insulator in a functioning Dielectric Wall Accelerator cell.

Harris, J R; Blackfield, D; Caporaso, G J; Chen, Y; Hawkins, S; Kendig, M; Poole, B; Sanders, D M; Krogh, M; Managan, J E

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

390

CFD Simulation of Airflow in Ventilated Wall System Report #9  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this report was to examine air movements in vinyl and brick ventilation cavities in detail, using a state of the art CFD commercial modeling tool. The CFD activity was planned to proceed the other activities in order to develop insight on the important magnitudes of scales occurring during ventilation air flow. This information generated by the CFD model was to be used to modify (if necessary) and to validate the air flow dynamics already imbedded in the hygrothermal model for the computer-based air flow simulation procedures. A comprehensive program of advanced, state-of-the-art hygrothermal modeling was then envisaged mainly to extend the knowledge to other wall systems and at least six representative climatic areas. These data were then to be used to provide the basis for the development of design guidelines. CFD results provided timely and much needed answers to many of the concerns and questions related to ventilation flows due to thermal buoyancy and wind-driven flow scenarios. The relative strength between these two mechanisms. Simple correlations were developed and are presented in the report providing the overall pressure drop, and flow through various cavities under different exterior solar and temperature scenarios. Brick Rainscreen Wall: It was initially expected that a 50 mm cavity would offer reduced pressure drops and increased air flow compared to a 19 mm cavity. However, these models showed that the size of the ventilation slots through the wall are the limiting factor rather than the cavity depth. Of course, once the slots are enlarged beyond a certain point, this could change. The effects of natural convection within the air cavities, driven by the temperature difference across the cavity, were shown to be less important than the external wind speed (for a wind direction normal to the wall surface), when wind action is present. Vinyl Rainscreen Wall: The CFD model of the vinyl rainscreen wall was simpler than that for the brick wall. Constant wall temperatures were used rather than conjugate heat transfer. Although this is appropriate for a thin surface with little heat capacity, it does mean that an empirical correlation between solar radiation (and perhaps wind speed) and vinyl temperature is required to use these results appropriately. The results developed from this CFD model were correlated to weather parameters and construction details so that they can be incorporated into ORNL s advanced hygrothermal models MOISTURE- EXPERT.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Karagiozis, Achilles N [ORNL

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

MHK Technologies/Water Wall Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbine Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Water Wall Turbine.png Technology Profile Primary Organization Water Wall Turbine Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description WWTurbine has developed and introduced a new commercially viable system for the extraction of Potential and Kinetic Energy from large fast moving water currents for conversion into Electric Energy Mooring Configuration Monopile Optimum Marine/Riverline Conditions min current velocity of 2 m s Technology Dimensions Technology Nameplate Capacity (MW) 0 5 3 0 MW Device Testing

392

Birefringence insensitive optical coherence domain reflectometry system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A birefringence insensitive fiber optic optical coherence domain reflectometry (OCDR) system is provided containing non-polarization maintaining (non-PM) fiber in the sample arm and the reference arm without suffering from signal degradation caused by birefringence. The use of non-PM fiber significantly reduces the cost of the OCDR system and provides a disposable or multiplexed section of the sample arm. The dispersion in the reference arm and sample arm of the OCDR system are matched to achieve high resolution imaging. This system is useful in medical applications or for non-medical in situ probes. The disposable section of non-PM fiber in the sample arm can be conveniently replaced when contaminated by a sample or a patient.

Everett, Matthew J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Joseph G. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Nuclear radiation detectors based on a matrix of ion-implanted p-i-n diodes on undoped GaAs epilayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Samples of nuclear detectors which represent matrices of p-i-n diodes were fabricated based on undoped gallium arsenide epitaxial layers by ion implantation technology. The detectors have a size of the active area of 0.4 Multiplication-Sign 0.4 and 0.9 Multiplication-Sign 0.9 cm{sup 2}. Electrical characteristics of fabricated detectors and results of measurements of fast neutrons spectra of {sup 241}Am-Be source by the recoil protons method are discussed.

Baryshnikov, F. M.; Britvich, G. I.; Chernykh, A. V.; Chernykh, S. V.; Chubenko, A. P.; Didenko, S. I.; Koltsov, G. I. [National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS', Leninskiy prospect 4, 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Institute for High Energy Physics, Polshhad nauki 1, 142281 Protvino (Russian Federation); National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS', Leninskiy prospect 4, 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the RAS, Leninskiy prospect 53, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS', Leninskiy prospect 4, 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

394

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 371: Johnnie Boy Crater and Pin Stripe Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit 371, Johnnie Boy Crater and Pin Stripe, located within Areas 11 and 18 at the Nevada Test Site, Nevada, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO). Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 371 comprises two corrective action sites (CASs): 11-23-05, Pin Stripe Contamination Area 18-45-01, U-18j-2 Crater (Johnnie Boy) The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 371 based on the implementation of corrective actions. The corrective action of closure in place with administrative controls was implemented at both CASs. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from January 8, 2009, through February 16, 2010, as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 371: Johnnie Boy Crater and Pin Stripe. The approach for the CAI was divided into two facets: investigation of the primary release of radionuclides and investigation of other releases (migration in washes and chemical releases). The purpose of the CAI was to fulfill data needs as defined during the data quality objective (DQO) process. The CAU 371 dataset of investigation results was evaluated based on the data quality indicator parameters. This evaluation demonstrated the dataset is acceptable for use in fulfilling the DQO data needs. Analytes detected during the CAI were evaluated against final action levels (FALs) established in this document. Radiological doses exceeding the FAL of 25 millirem per year were not found to be present in the surface soil. However, it was assumed that radionuclides are present in subsurface media within the Johnnie Boy crater and the fissure at Pin Stripe. Due to the assumption of radiological dose exceeding the FAL, corrective actions were undertaken that consist of implementing a use restriction and posting warning signs at each site. These use restrictions were recorded in the FFACO database; the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Facility Information Management System; and the NNSA/NSO CAU/CAS files. Therefore, NNSA/NSO provides the following recommendations: No further corrective actions are necessary for CAU 371. A Notice of Completion to NNSA/NSO is requested from the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection for closure of CAU 371. Corrective Action Unit 371 should be moved from Appendix III to Appendix IV of the FFACO.

Patrick Matthews

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Exchange bias of spin valve structure with a top-pinned Co{sub 40}Fe{sub 40}B{sub 20}/IrMn  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the exchange bias of a directly top-pinned Co{sub 40}Fe{sub 40}B{sub 20}/IrMn structure. An exchange bias was realized on the as-deposited samples, in which Co{sub 40}Fe{sub 40}B{sub 20} exhibits a fully amorphous structure. A current-in-plane giant magnetoresistance effect was demonstrated on simple Ru/CoFeB/Cu/CoFeB/IrMn/Ru stacks prior to and after annealing. The amorphous CoFeB layer partially crystallized from the interface with a Cu spacer layer after annealed at 280 deg. C.

You, C. Y.; Furubayashi, T.; Takahashi, Y. K. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan); Goripati, H. S. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8571 Japan (Japan); Hono, K. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan); Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8571 (Japan)

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

396

Instrument for measurement of vacuum in sealed thin wall packets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An instrument is described for the measurement of vacuum within sealed packets, the packets having a wall sufficiently thin that it can be deformed by the application of an external vacuum to small area thereof. The instrument has a detector head for placement against the deformable wall of the packet to apply the vacuum in a controlled manner to accomplish a limited deformation or lift of the wall, with this deformation or lift monitored by the application of light as via a bifurcated light pipe. Retro-reflected light through the light pipe is monitored with a photo detector. An abrupt change (e.g., a decrease) of retro-reflected light signals the wall movement such that the value of the vacuum applied through the head to achieve this initiation of movement is equal to the vacuum within the packet. In a preferred embodiment a vacuum reference plate is placed beneath the packet to ensure that no deformation occurs on the reverse surface of the packet. A packet production line model is also described. 3 figures.

Kollie, T.G.; Thacker, L.H.; Fine, H.A.

1993-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

397

Finite Element formulation for nonlinear analysis of masonry walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work builds upon previous developments made by the authors in the context of the nonlinear, in-plane analysis of masonry walls. The structural behavior is characterized by phenomena, such as strain localization, damage, and friction, which need to ... Keywords: In-plane nonlinear masonry mechanics, Mohr-Coulomb frictional behavior, Non-associated plasticity

S. Brasile; R. Casciaro; G. Formica

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Extended study on limit analysis of masonry wall with openings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present study deals with limit analysis of masonry walls with rectangular openings subject to vertical and horizontal loading by means of the genetic algorithm (GA). Herein, an equivalent shear truss model whose structural parameters should be defined ... Keywords: genetic algorithm, limit analysis, masonry structure

A. Miyamura; A. DeStefano; Y. Kohama; T. Takada

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Chemical profiling of the plant cell wall through Raman microspectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a computational framework for chemical profiling of the plant cell wall through the Raman spectroscopy. The system enables query of known spectral signatures and clustering of spectral data based on intrinsic properties. As a result, ... Keywords: multispectral analysis, raman spectroscopy, spatial clustering

Ju Han; Seema Singh; Lan Sun; Blake Simmons; Manfred Auer; Bahram Parvin

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Manufactured residential utility wall system (ResCore), overview  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an overview of the design and development of a manufactured residential utility wall system referred to as ResCore. ResCore is a self-contained, manufactured, residential utility wall that provides complete rough-in of utilities (power, gas, water, and phone) and other functions (exhaust, combustion make-up air, refrigerant lines, etc.) to serve the residential kitchen, bath, utility, and laundry rooms. Auburn University, Department of Industrial Design faculty and students, supported by a team of graduate student researchers and the project`s advisory team, developed the ResCore. The project was accomplished through a research subcontract from the US Department of Energy administered by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The ResCore wall system features a ``layered`` manufacturing technique that allows each major component group--structural, cold water, hot water, drain, gas, electric, etc.--to be built as a separate subassembly and easily brought together for final assembly. The two structural layers are reinforced with bridging that adds strength and also permits firm attachment of plumbing pipes and other systems to the wall frame.

Wendt, R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Lundell, C.; Lau, T.M. [Auburn Univ., AL (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Manufactured Residential Utility Wall System (ResCore),  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the design and development of a manufactured residential utility wall system referred to as ResCore. ResCore is a self contained, manufactured, residential utility wall that provides complete rough-in of utilities (power, gas, water, and phone) and other functions (exhaust, combustion make-up air, refrigerant lines, etc.) to serve the kitchen, bath, utility, and laundry rooms. Auburn University, Department of Industrial Design faculty, students, supported by a team of graduate student researchers and the project`s advisory team, developed the ResCore. The project was accomplished through a research subcontract from the U.S. Department of Energy administered by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The ResCore wall system features a layered manufacturing technique that allows each major component group: structural, cold water, hot water, drain, gas, electric, etc. to be built as a separate subassembly and easily brought together for final assembly. The two structural layers are reinforced with bridging that adds strength and also permits firm attachment of plumbing pipes and other systems to the wall frame.

Wendt, Robert [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Lundell, Clark; Lau, Tin Man [Auburn Univ., AL (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

402

Temperature Measurements in Full-Scale Wood Stud Shear Walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report presents the results of 10 full-scale fire resistance tests conducted at the National Fire Laboratory on load-bearing gypsum board protected, wood stud shear wall assemblies with and without resilient channels on the fire-exposed side. The two assembly arrangements studied were: symmetrical installation 1x1 (one layer of gypsum board on each of the exposed and unexposed sides) and asymmetrical installation of the shear membrane (one layer of gypsum board on both the exposed and unexposed sides and a shear wall membrane as a base layer alternating between the exposed (2x1) and unexposed sides (1x2)) on a wood stud frame. The gypsum board was 12.7 mm thick Type X. The insulations used were glass and rock fibres. The shear membranes used were plywood and oriented strand board (OSB). Tests were conducted to determine the effects of the placement of the shear membrane on the exposed/unexposed face, type of shear membrane, insulation type, load intensity and resilient channel installations on the fire resistance of gypsum board protected, wood stud shear wall assemblies. Details of the results, including the temperatures and deflections measured during the fire tests, are presented. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This research is part of a consortium project on the fire resistance and sound performance of wall assemblies - Phase II, among the following partners: . Canadian Wood Council . Canadian Home Builders Association . Canadian Sheet Steel Building Institute . Gypsum Manufacturers of Canada . Owens-Corning Canada . Roxul Inc.

V. K. R. Sultan; M. A. Denham; V. K. R. Kodur; M. A. Sultan; E. M. A. Denham; Canadian Wood Council; Shear Walls; Shear Walls; Shear Walls; Shear Walls

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Heat exchanger with leak detecting double wall tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A straight shell and tube heat exchanger utilizing double wall tubes and three tubesheets to ensure separation of the primary and secondary fluid and reliable leak detection of a leak in either the primary or the secondary fluids to further ensure that there is no mixing of the two fluids.

Bieberbach, George (Tampa, FL); Bongaards, Donald J. (Seminole, FL); Lohmeier, Alfred (Tampa, FL); Duke, James M. (St. Petersburg, all of, FL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Radial elasticity of multi-walled boron nitride nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigated the radial mechanical properties of multi-walled boron nitride nanotubes (MW-BNNTs) using atomic force microscopy. The employed MW-BNNTs were synthesized using pressurized vapor/condenser (PVC) methods and were dispersed in aqueous solution using ultrasonication methods with the aid of ionic surfactants. Our nanomechanical measurements reveal the elastic deformational behaviors of individual BNNTs with two to four tube walls in their transverse directions. Their effective radial elastic moduli were obtained through interpreting their measured radial deformation profiles using Hertzian contact mechanics models. Our results capture the dependences of the effective radial moduli of MW-BNNTs on both the tube outer diameter and the number of tube layers. The effective radial moduli of double-walled BNNTs are found to be several-fold higher than those of single-walled BNNTs within the same diameter range. Our work contributes directly to a complete understanding of the fundamental structural and mechanical properties of BNNTs and the pursuits of their novel structural and electronics applications.

Michael W. Smith, Cheol Park, Meng Zheng, Changhong Ke ,In-Tae Bae, Kevin Jordan

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

WUFI COMPUTER MODELING WORKSHOP FOR WALL DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on your laptop so that you can load the software. · You will be walked through every aspect standard, for building envelope design and wall analysis. See how to use WUFI® in conjunction with ASHRAE, to ensure personalized attention. · You will receive a copy of WUFI® software; the US Department of Energy

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

406

Transpiring wall supercritical water oxidation reactor salt deposition studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has teamed with Foster Wheeler Development Corp. and GenCorp, Aerojet to develop and evaluate a new supercritical water oxidation reactor design using a transpiring wall liner. In the design, pure water is injected through small pores in the liner wall to form a protective boundary layer that inhibits salt deposition and corrosion, effects that interfere with system performance. The concept was tested at Sandia on a laboratory-scale transpiring wall reactor that is a 1/4 scale model of a prototype plant being designed for the Army to destroy colored smoke and dye at Pine Bluff Arsenal in Arkansas. During the tests, a single-phase pressurized solution of sodium sulfate (Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4}) was heated to supercritical conditions, causing the salt to precipitate out as a fine solid. On-line diagnostics and post-test observation allowed us to characterize reactor performance at different flow and temperature conditions. Tests with and without the protective boundary layer demonstrated that wall transpiration provides significant protection against salt deposition. Confirmation tests were run with one of the dyes that will be processed in the Pine Bluff facility. The experimental techniques, results, and conclusions are discussed.

Haroldsen, B.L.; Mills, B.E.; Ariizumi, D.Y.; Brown, B.G. [and others

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

A Few Equivalences of Wall-Sun-Sun Prime Conjecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we prove a few lemmas concerning Fibonacci numbers modulo primes and provide a few statements that are equivalent to Wall-Sun-Sun Prime Conjecture. Further, we investigate the conjecture through heuristic arguments and propose a few additional conjectures for future research.

Saha, Arpan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

WUFI COMPUTER MODELING WORKSHOP FOR WALL DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from rain, solar radiation and other crucial weather events on an hourly basis. Both vapor and liquid of multi- layer building walls exposed to natural weather. The WUFI series models can handle contributions and is free of charge. WUFI ORNL/IBP comes complete with weather data for scores of North-American cities

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

409

WUFI COMPUTER MODELING WORKSHOP FOR WALL DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from rain, solar radiation and other crucial weather events on an hourly basis. Both vapor and liquid sophisticated modeling software that gives you heat and moisture data and uses weather data files from all over of multi- layer building walls exposed to natural weather. The WUFI series models can handle contributions

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

410

WUFI COMPUTER MODELING WORKSHOP FOR WALL DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from rain, solar radiation and other crucial weather events on an hourly basis. Both vapor and liquid and uses weather data files from all over the country. The software includes analysis to predict mold. Dr of multi- layer building walls exposed to natural weather. The WUFI series models can handle contributions

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

411

Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) surveys are active-source soundings which provide information about the electrical structure of the shallow subsurface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Transient electromagnetics, (also time-domain electromagnetics / TDEM), is a geophysical exploration technique in which electric and magnetic fields are induced by transient pulses of electric current and the subsequent decay response measured. TEM / TDEM methods are generally able to determine subsurface electrical properties, but are also sensitive to subsurface magnetic properties in applications like UXO detection and

412

Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition and Nanoscale Size Distribution Explains Performance in Solar Cells Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of...

413

Applying pomdps to dialog systems in the troubleshooting domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports on progress applying partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) to a commercial dialog domain: troubleshooting. In the troubleshooting domain, a spoken dialog system helps a user to fix a product such as a failed DSL connection. Past work has argued that a POMDP is a principled approach to building spoken dialog systems in the simpler slot-filling domain; this paper explains how the POMDPs formulation can be extended to the more complex troubleshooting domain. Results from dialog simulation verify that a POMDP outperforms a handcrafted baseline. 1

Jason D. Williams

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

415

The domain structure of Helicobacter pylori DnaB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

helicase: the N-terminal domain can be dispensable for helicase activity whereas the extreme C-terminal region is essential for its function

Ram Gopal Nitharwal; Subhankar Paul; Ashraf Dar; Nirupam Roy Choudhury; Rajesh K Soni; Dhaneswar Prusty; Sukrat Sinha; Tara Kashav; Gauranga Mukhopadhyay; Tapan Kumar Chaudhuri; Samudrala Gourinath; Suman Kumar Dhar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Long Valley Caldera Area (Sorey...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

released results from 158 time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings and, with Chevron Resources, a total of 77 magnetotelluric (MT) stations. Reinterpretations of the...

417

Jamming Behavior of Domains in a Spiral Antiferromagnetic System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spectroscopy, this research shows that the domains of a spiral antiferromagnet enter a jammed state at the onset of long-range order. Researchers found that slow thermal...

418

Method of controlling the side wall thickness of a turbine nozzle segment for improved cooling  

SciTech Connect

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane extending therebetween. Each band has a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band has an inturned flange defining with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The outer surface of the side wall is provided with a step prior to welding the cover to the side wall. A thermal barrier coating is applied in the step and, after the cover is welded to the side wall, the side wall is finally machined to a controlled thickness removing all, some or none of the coating.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Visualisation of Tensor Time Domain Electromagnetic Data  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Long Offset Time Domain Electromagnetic (LOTEM) measurements traditionally use a single current source. By using a second source, a tensor analysis technique analogous to that used in DC resistivity multiple-source bipole-dipole surveying, is possible. An instantaneous apparent resistivity tensor is defined as the relationship between the time varying (total) electric field and the DC half space current density vectors due to each source. If the sources are dipoles the three coordinate invariant apparent resistivities of the tensor are independent of source orientation. For a uniform half space, one of the invariants is virtually constant in time, deviating from the half space resistivity by a maximum of 6%. This method provides a way in which the complicated data set obtained during a tensor LOTEM survey can be presented in a compact and intelligible form, and has many advantages over conventional methods of analyzing LOTEM data particularly where the resistivity distribution is three dimensional (3D). Results from a 3D resistivity model of an idealized geothermal reservoir and outflow structure are used to illustrate the power of this analysis.

Caldwell, T.G.; Bibby, H.M.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A domain of spacetime intervals in general relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beginning from only a countable dense set of events and the causality relation, it is possible to reconstruct a globally hyperbolic spacetime in a purely order theoretic manner. The ultimate reason for this is that globally hyperbolic spacetimes belong to a category that is equivalent to a special category of domains called interval domains.

Keye Martin; Prakash Panangaden

2004-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Domain analysis on an electronic health records system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electronic Health Records (EHR) have been proposed as a means for managing the technical and organisational complexity that arises in modern healthcare. Different EHR systems are being developed around the world, and within individual countries, different ... Keywords: electronic health record, feature oriented domain analysis, healthcare domain

Xiaocheng Ge; Richard F. Paige; John A. McDermid

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Frequency-domain constructed redundant bases for denoising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, redundant bases for denoising are constructed completely in the frequency-domain. The advantage of the frequency-domain bases construction approach is that it provides much more flexibility. As a result, the filterbank (basis) can be constructed ... Keywords: denoising, redundant basis, wavelet frames, wavelets

Jianyu Lin; Graham C. Goodwin

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Domain decomposition strategies for nonlinear flow problems in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Domain decomposition (DD) methods, such as the additive Schwarz method, are almost exclusively applied to linearized equations. In the context of nonlinear problems, these linear systems appear as part of a Newton iteration. However, applying DD methods ... Keywords: ASPIN, Domain decomposition, Nonlinear multiphase flow, Nonlinear preconditioning, Nonlinear solvers, Porous media

Jan Ole Skogestad; Eirik Keilegavlen; Jan M. Nordbotten

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A debug interface for debugging multiple domain specific aspect languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research in the area of multi-DSAL development has been mainly devoted to enabling the interoperability of multiple aspect mechanisms. Less attention has been given to making programming with multiple aspect languages practical. For domain specific aspect ... Keywords: AspectJ, aspect-oriented programming (AOP), aspect-oriented software engineering (AOSE), awesome, cool, debugging, domain specific languages (DSLs), validate

Yoav Apter; David H. Lorenz; Oren Mishali

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Nodal domains on graphs - How to count them and why?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of the present manuscript is to collect known results and present some new ones relating to nodal domains on graphs, with special emphasize on nodal counts. Several methods for counting nodal domains will be presented, and their relevance as a tool in spectral analysis will be discussed.

Ram Band; Idan Oren; Uzy Smilansky

2007-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

426

Nodal domains on graphs - How to count them and why?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of the present manuscript is to collect known results and present some new ones relating to nodal domains on graphs, with special emphasize on nodal counts. Several methods for counting nodal domains will be presented, and their relevance as a tool in spectral analysis will be discussed.

Band, Ram; Smilansky, Uzy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

One-Way Nested Regional Climate Simulations and Domain Size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of domain size on regional climate simulations is explored in the context of a state-of-the-art regional model centered over western Europe. It is found that the quality of the climate simulations is highly dependent on the domain ...

S. Vannitsem; F. Chom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

HLP: a next generation inter-domain routing protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well-known that BGP, the current inter-domain routing protocol, has many deficiencies. This paper describes a hybrid link-state and path-vector protocol called HLP as an alternative to BGP that has vastly better scalability, isolation and convergence ... Keywords: BGP, convergence, inter-domain routing, scalability

Lakshminarayanan Subramanian; Matthew Caesar; Cheng Tien Ee; Mark Handley; Morley Mao; Scott Shenker; Ion Stoica

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Identification of signatures in biomedical spectra using domain knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objective: Demonstrate that incorporating domain knowledge into feature selection methods helps identify interpretable features with predictive capability comparable to a state-of-the-art classifier. Methods: Two feature selection methods, one using ... Keywords: Classification of biomedical spectra, Consensus feature sets, Dimensionality reduction, Domain knowledge, Feature selection, Genetic algorithm, L1-norm SVM, Spectral signature

Erinija Pranckeviciene; Ray Somorjai; Richard Baumgartner; Moon-Gu Jeon

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Semantic data integration and monitoring in the railway domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information integration is a key for further growth of efficiency in management decisions for the railway domain. In the context of the EU project InteGRail (funded in the 6th Framework Programme) an integration approach leveraged by ontologies known ... Keywords: data and system integration, distributed reasoning, information reuse, monitoring and maintenance, ontology, railway domain, semantic modeling

Jan-Gregor Fischer; Mikhail Roshchin; Gerhard Langer; Michael Pirker

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Decision support for the software product line domain engineering lifecycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software product line engineering is a paradigm that advocates the reusability of software engineering assets and the rapid development of new applications for a target domain. These objectives are achieved by capturing the commonalities and variabilities ... Keywords: Domain engineering, Feature models, NLP model inference, Software product lines

Ebrahim Bagheri; Faezeh Ensan; Dragan Gasevic

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

NEXP TIME-complete description logics with concrete domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concrete domains are an extension of Description Logics (DLs) that allow one to integrate reasoning about conceptual knowledge with reasoning about "concrete qualities" of real-world entities such as their sizes, weights, and durations. In this article, ... Keywords: Computational complexity, NExpTime-completeness, concrete domains, description logic, domino problem, post correspondence problem

Carsten Lutz

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Using domain-independent problems for introducing formal methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The key to the integration of formal methods into engineering practice is education. In teaching, domain-independent problems i.e., not requiring prior engineering background offer many advantages. Such problems are widely available, but ... Keywords: domain-independent problems, formal methods, functional predicate calculus, funmath, generic functionals, specification, teaching, word problems

Raymond Boute

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Face recognition in JPEG and JPEG2000 compressed domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the potential of performing face recognition in JPEG and JPEG2000 compressed domain. This is achieved by avoiding full decompression and using transform coefficients as input to face recognition algorithms. We propose a new ... Keywords: Compressed Domain, DCT, DWT, Face Recognition, JPEG, JPEG2000

Kresimir Delac; Mislav Grgic; Sonja Grgic

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Important Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the subject-specific terms to enter in a query. For example, many university students often buy electronicImportant Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge Suresh K. Bhavnani School Many users have acquired a sophisticated understanding of searching the Web in specific domains

Bhavnani, Suresh K.

436

Scholarly research and information practices: a domain analytic approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with information needs, seeking, searching, and uses within scholarly communities by introducing theory from the field of science and technology studies. In particular it contributes to the domain-analytic approach in information science ... Keywords: Computer-mediated communication, Domain-analysis, Information practices, Scientific collaboration, Scientific communication, Writing in the disciplines

J. Fry

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area (Montgomery, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area (Montgomery, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Salt Wells Area Exploration Technique Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Activity Date 2004 - 2004 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis AMP Resource contracted Willowstick Technologies, LLC to conduct a Controlled Source-Frequency Domain Magnetics (CS-FDM) geophysical investigation at Salt Wells in order to characterize and delineate areas showing the greatest concentrations and highest temperatures of geothermal groundwater. The investigation also sought to map blind faults beneath the

438

Diffusion of liquid domains in lipid bilayer membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report diffusion coeffcients of micron-scale liquid domains in giant unilamellar vesicles of phospholipids and cholesterol. The trajectory of each domain is tracked, and the mean square displacement grows linearly in time as expected for Brownian motion. We study domain dffusion as a function of composition and temperature, and measure how diffusion depends on domain size. We find mechanisms of domain diffusion which are consistent with membrane-dominated drag in viscous Lo phases [P.G. Saffman and M. Delbruck, PNAS 72, 3111 (1975)], and bulk-dominated drag for less viscous L$_\\alpha$ phases [B.D.Hughes et al., J. Fluid Mech. 110, 349 (1981)]. Where applicable, we obtain the membrane viscosity and report activation energies of diffusion.

Pietro Cicuta; Sarah L. Keller; Sarah L. Veatch

2006-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

439

Definition: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Magnetics Frequency-Domain Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics AquaTrackTM, a controlled-source frequency domain magnetics tool (CS-FDM), is a patented invention by Willowstick Technologies. This technique is meant to characterize groundwater conditions and flow patterns up to 1,000 m depth.[1] References ↑ http://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/pdf/IGAstandard/SGW/2006/kofoed.pdf Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Controlled_Source_Frequency-Domain_Magnetics&oldid=590084" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

440

Tritium permeation and wall loading in the TFTR vacuum vessel  

SciTech Connect

The problems of tritium permeation through and loading of the TFTR vacuum vessel wall structural components are considered. A general analytical solution to the time dependent diffusion equation which takes into account the boundary conditions arising from the tritium filling gas as well as the source function associated with implanted energetic charge exchange tritium is presented. Expressions are derived for two quantities of interest: (1) the total amount of tritium leaving the outer surface of a particular vessel component as a function of time, and (2) the amount retained as a function of time. These quantities are evaluated for specific TFTR operating scenarios and outgassing modes. The results are that permeation through the vessel is important only for the bellows during discharge cleaning if the wall temperature rises above approximately 150/sup 0/C. At 250/sup 0/C, after 72 hours of discharge cleaning 195 Ci would be lost.

Cecchi, J.L.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "domain wall pinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Walled Lake, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Walled Lake, Michigan: Energy Resources Walled Lake, Michigan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.537811°, -83.4810481° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.537811,"lon":-83.4810481,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

442

Prediction of turbulence control for arbitrary periodic spanwise wall movement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to generalize the well-known spanwise-oscillating-wall technique for drag reduction, non-sinusoidal oscillations of a solid wall are considered as a means to alter the skin-friction drag in a turbulent channel flow. A series of Direct Numerical Simulations is conducted to evaluate the control performance of nine different temporal waveforms, in addition to the usual sinusoid, systematically changing the wave amplitude and the period for each waveform. The turbulent average spanwise motion is found to coincide with the laminar Stokes solution that is constructed, for the generic waveform, through harmonic superposition. This allows us to define and compute, for each waveform, a new penetration depth of the Stokes layer which correlates with the amount of turbulent drag reduction, and eventually to predict both turbulent drag reduction and net energy saving rate for arbitrary waveforms. Among the waveforms considered, the maximum net energy saving rate is obtained by the sinusoidal wave at its optimal ...

Cimarelli, Andrea; Hasegawa, Yosuke; De Angelis, Elisabetta; Quadrio, Maurizio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Plasma wall interaction and tritium retention in TFTR  

SciTech Connect

The Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) has been operating safely and routinely with deuterium-tritium fuel for more than two years. In this time, TFTR has produced an impressive number of record breaking results including core fusion power, {approximately} 2 MW/m{sup 3}, comparable to that expected for ITER. Advances in wall conditioning via lithium pellet injection have played an essential role in achieving these results. Deuterium-tritium operation has also provided a special opportunity to address the issues of tritium recycling and retention. Tritium retention over two years of operation was approximately 40%. Recently, the in-torus tritium inventory was reduced by half through a combination of glow discharge cleaning, moist-air soaks, and plasma discharge cleaning. The tritium inventory is not a constraint in continued operations. The authors present recent results from TFTR in the context of plasma wall interactions and deuterium-tritium issues.

Skinner, C.H.; Amarescu, E.; Ascione, G. [and others

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Trombe Walls in Low-Energy Buildings: Practical Experiences; Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trombe Walls in Low-Energy Trombe Walls in Low-Energy Buildings: Practical Experiences Preprint July 2004 * NREL/CP-550-36277 P. Torcellini and S. Pless To be presented at the World Renewable Energy Congress VIII and Expo Denver, Colorado August 29-September 3, 2004 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published

445

Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile … High-R Walls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

require walls that cost-effectively require walls that cost-effectively control both thermal and moisture flow. Building America research results have provided proven high-R wall options for builders across the country. Building America's research teams have conducted modeling analysis as well as field studies of several different wall assemblies to identify effective "whole- wall" R-values that take into account thermal bridging of framing members. Researchers have also investigated critical moisture potential and durability issues since high-R walls have much less drying potential. Between 2008 and 2012, CARB conducted several evaluations of wall types (see for example Aldrich et al. 2010). In one study, CARB performed THERM and WUFI analysis on three typical cold climate wall assemblies modeled at ASHRAE

446

Apparatus for impingement cooling a side wall adjacent an undercut region of a turbine nozzle segment  

SciTech Connect

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and vanes therebetween. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. Slots are formed through the inturned flange along the nozzle side wall. A plate having through-apertures extending between opposite edges thereof is disposed in each slot, the slots and plates being angled such that the cooling medium exiting the apertures in the second cavity lie close to the side wall for focusing and targeting cooling medium onto the side wall.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile High-R Walls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Building America Innovations profile describes Building America research on high-R-value walls showing the difference between rated and whole wall R values and the need for vented cladding to reduce condensation potential with some insulation types.

448

Experimental observation and quantum modeling of electron irradiation on single-wall carbon nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ experiments, based on electron irradiation at high temperature in a transmission electron microscope, are used to investigate isolated, packed and crossing single-wall nanotubes. During continuous, uniform atom removal, surfaces of isolated single-wall ...

J. -C. Charlier; M. Terrones; F. Banhart; N. Grobert; H. Terrones; P. M. Ajayan

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Deposition of micron liquid droplets on wall in impinging turbulent air jet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fluid mechanics of the deposition of micron liquid (olive oil) droplets on a glass wall in an impinging turbulent air jet is studied experimentally. The spatial patterns of droplets deposited on a wall are measured by ...

Liu, Tianshu

450

Domain Decomposition via Explicit/Implicit Time Marching 1 Polynomial Collocation Using a Domain Decomposition Solution to Parabolic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decomposition Solution to Parabolic PDE's via the Penalty Method and Explicit/Implicit Time Marching Kelly Black 1 Abstract A domain decomposition method is examined to solve a time dependent parabolic equation05. (1) Introduction We examine a domain decomposition method for solving a parabolic equation using

451

Production of single-walled carbon nanotube grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method of forming a nanotube grid includes placing a plurality of catalyst nanoparticles on a grid framework, contacting the catalyst nanoparticles with a gas mixture that includes hydrogen and a carbon source in a reaction chamber, forming an activated gas from the gas mixture, heating the grid framework and activated gas, and controlling a growth time to generate a single-wall carbon nanotube array radially about the grid framework. A filter membrane may be produced by this method.

Hauge, Robert H; Xu, Ya-Qiong; Pheasant, Sean

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

452

Summary of SLAC'S SEY Measurement On Flat Accelerator Wall Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electron cloud effect (ECE) causes beam instabilities in accelerator structures with intense positively charged bunched beams. Reduction of the secondary electron yield (SEY) of the beam pipe inner wall is effective in controlling cloud formation. We summarize SEY results obtained from flat TiN, TiZrV and Al surfaces carried out in a laboratory environment. SEY was measured after thermal conditioning, as well as after low energy, less than 300 eV, particle exposure.

F. Le Pimpec; R. E. Kirby; F. K. King; M. Pivi

2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

453

ENCAPSULATION OF PALLADIUM IN POROUS WALL HOLLOW GLASS MICROSPHERES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new encapsulation method was investigated in an attempt to develop an improved palladium packing material for hydrogen isotope separation. Porous wall hollow glass microspheres (PWHGMs) were produced by using a flame former, heat treating and acid leaching. The PWHGMs were then filled with palladium salt using a soak-and-dry process. The palladium salt was reduced at high temperature to leave palladium inside the microspheres.

Heung, L; George Wicks, G; Ray Schumacher, R

2008-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

454

Modeled and metered energy savings from exterior wall insulation  

SciTech Connect

Millions of single-family masonry (block) houses with slab foundations exist in the southern United States. In fact, approximately 50% of Florida`s six million residences are of concrete block construction. The block walls in these homes are usually uninsulated, and the technology for retrofitting wall insulation is not well developed. Two field tests were performed--one near Phoenix, Arizona and one in Cocoa, Florida--to measure the air-conditioning energy savings and demand reduction impact of applying an exterior insulation and finish system (EEFS) to the exterior of the block wall, and gain practical experience with retrofit application techniques and costs. One field test used a {open_quotes}site-fabricated{close_quotes} insulation system, while the other field test used a commercially available system. The field tests measured a savings of 9% in Arizona and less savings in Florida, and emphasized the impact indoor temperature settings have on cooling energy savings: exterior wall insulation on block homes will produce energy savings in Florida houses only if a low cooling thermostat setting is desirable. The field tests also highlighted an improved comfort benefit from the retrofit - namely, elimination of overheating in rooms with south and west exposures. The DOE-2. ID program was used to analyze the energy savings (air-conditioning and heating) and electric demand impact of applying an EIFS. Air-conditioning energy savings were estimated to be in the range of 8% to 10% in many southern U.S. regions. A 12% savings was predicted for Phoenix, Arizona and a savings of 1% to 4% was predicted for seacoast regions, particularly in Florida. These predictions were in good agreement with the measured values. Peak hour cooling energy savings were predicted to be more uniform throughout the country, generally in the range of %8 to %12.

Ternes, M.; Parker, D.; McLain, H.; Barkaszi, S. Jr.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Residential Utility Core Wall System - ResCore  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes activities associated with the RESidential utility CORE wall system (ResCore) developed by students and faculty in the Department of Industrial Design at Auburn University between 1996 and 1998. These activities analyize three operational prototype units installed in Habitat for Humanity Houses. The paper contains two Parts: 1) analysis of the three operational prototype units, 2) exploration of alternative design solutions. ResCore is a manufactured construction component designed to expedite home building by decreasing the need for skilled labor at the work site. The unit concentrates untility elements into a wall unit(s), which is shipped to the construction site and installed in minimum time. The ResCore unit is intended to be built off-site in a manufacturing environment where the impact of vagaries of weather and work-crew coordination and scheduling are minimized. The controlled environment of the factory enhances efficient production of building components through material and labor throughput controls, enabling the production of components at a substantially reduced per-unit cost. The ResCore unit when compared to traditional "stick-built" utility wall components is in may ways analogous to the factory built roof truss compared to on-site "stick-Built" roof framing.

Boyd, G.; Lundell, C.; Wendt, R.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Counter-ions at single charged wall: Sum rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For inhomogeneous classical Coulomb fluids in thermal equilibrium, like the jellium or the two-component Coulomb gas, there exists a variety of exact sum rules which relate the particle one-body and two-body densities. The necessary condition for these sum rules is that the Coulomb fluid possesses good screening properties, i.e. the particle correlation functions or the averaged charge inhomogeneity, say close to a wall, exhibit a short-range (usually exponential) decay. In this work, we study equilibrium statistical mechanics of an electric double layer with counter-ions only, i.e. a globally neutral system of equally charged point-like particles in the vicinity of a plain hard wall carrying a fixed uniform surface charge density of opposite sign. At large distances from the wall, the one-body and two-body counter-ion densities go to zero slowly according to the inverse-power law. In spite of the absence of screening, all known sum rules are shown to hold for two exactly solvable cases of the present system: in the weak-coupling Poisson-Boltzmann limit (in any spatial dimension larger than one) and at a special free-fermion coupling constant in two dimensions. This fact indicates an extended validity of the sum rules and provides a consistency check for reasonable theoretical approaches.

Ladislav Samaj

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Resistive Wall Mode Stabilization Studies at DIII-D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effort to understand the physics of the resistive wall mode (RWM) and develop methods to control this magnetohydrodynamic mode to allow achievement of higher pressure in advanced tokamak plasmas has been an example of successful multi-institutional collaboration at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility in San Diego, California. DIII-D research in this area has produced several advances and breakthroughs following a coordinated research plan involving a sequence of measurements, development of new analysis tools, and the installation of new diagnostic and feedback stabilization hardware: Suppression of the RWM by active magnetic feedback has been demonstrated using the DIII-D six-element error field correction coil, rotational stabilization of the RWM has been demonstrated and sustained for all values of the plasma pressure from the no-wall to the ideal-wall stability limits, improved RWM feedback stabilization has been shown using a new set of 12 internal control coils, and newly developed models of feedback have shown good agreement with the measurements. By so doing, the DIII-D work on RWM stabilization has become a cornerstone of the long-term advanced tokamak program and is having impact on the world fusion program. Presently both ITER and FIRE are including plans for RWM stabilization in their programs.

Garofalo, A.M. [Columbia University (United States)

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Delay uncertainty in single- and multi-wall carbon nanotube interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon nanotube (CNT) has become the promising candidate for replacing the traditional copper based interconnect systems in future VLSI technology nodes. This paper analyzes delay uncertainty due to crosstalk in the Single- and Multi-wall CNT bundle ... Keywords: carbon nanotube (CNT), crosstalk delay, double-wall carbon nanotube (DWCNT), multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT), single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT), very large scale integration (VLSI)

Debaprasad Das; Hafizur Rahaman

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

On Lithium Wall and Performance of Magnetic Fusion Device S. I. Krasheninnikov1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Lithium Wall and Performance of Magnetic Fusion Device S. I. Krasheninnikov1 , L. E. Zakharov2 It is shown that lithium walls resulting in zero recycling conditions at the edge of magnetic fusion device strong impact of fully absorbing lithium walls on the performance of magnetic fusion devices have been

Krstic, Miroslav

460

A new wall-shear stress model for atmospheric boundary layer simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new wall-shear stress model to be used as wall-boundary condition for Large Eddy Simulations of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer is proposed. The new model computes the wall shear stress and the vertical derivatives of the streamwise velocity ...

Marcus Hultmark; Marc Calaf; Marc B. Parlange

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461

Sustainable wall construction and exterior insulation retrofit technology process and structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-cost process for exterior wall insulation retrofit, or new wall construction by stacking layers of fabric tube filled with insulating material against a wall and covering them with mesh and stucco provides a durable structure with good insulating value.

Vohra, Arun (Bethesda, MD)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Numerical analysis of sheathing boards influence on racking resistance of timber-frame walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a numerical analysis of sheathing boards influence on racking resistance of timber-frame walls coated with single sheathing boards fastened to a timber frame. Worldwide, the walls are usually broadly used as main bearing capacity ... Keywords: Fibre-plaster boards, Numerical analysis, OSB, Racking resistance, Timber structures, Timber-framed walls

M. Premrov; P. Dobrila

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Computational studies of the effect of wall temperature on hypersonic shock-induced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational studies of the effect of wall temperature on hypersonic shock-induced boundary layer of an investigation into the effect of wall to freestream temperature on boundary layer separation for a nominal flat separation size to increase with wall-to-freestream temperature ratio; that the separation process

464

Effects of seawater-structure-soil interaction on seismic performance of caisson-type quay wall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to clarify the effects of seawater-structure interaction on the residual displacement of caisson-type quay wall after a real earthquake shock. The dynamic response of quay wall during earthquake, including soil-sea-structure ... Keywords: Base acceleration, Caisson-type quay wall, Permanent displacement, Seawater-structure interaction

A. Arablouei; A. R. M. Gharabaghi; A. Ghalandarzadeh; K. Abedi; I. Ishibashi

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Protective interior wall and attaching means for a fusion reactor vacuum vessel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The wall basically consists of an array of small rectangular plates attached to the existing walls with threaded fasteners. The protective wall effectively conceals and protects all mounting hardware beneath the plate array, while providing a substantial surface area that will absorb plasma energy.

Phelps, R.D.; Upham, G.A.; Anderson, P.M.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Boundary-layer control for reducing deposition of solids at a geothermal nozzle wall  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Deposition of solids at the wall of a nozzle used to expand geothermal brine may be accounted for by a hydrodynamic model describing eddy formation near the wall. A conceptual design of a nozzle with injection of an annular ring of fluid at the wall is presented.

Homsy, R.V.

1976-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

467

Distributed grooming in multi-domain IP/MPLS-DWDM networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies distributed multi-domain, multi-layer provisioning (grooming) in IP/MPLS-DWDM networks. Although many multi-domain studies have emerged over the years, these have primarily considered "homogeneous" network layers. Meanwhile, most grooming ... Keywords: inter-domain routing, multi-domain IP-DWDM, multi-domain grooming

Q. Liu; T. Frangieh; F. Xu; C. Xie; N. Ghani; A. Gumaste; T. Lehman; Chin Guok; S. Klasky

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Development of a Safeguards Verification Method and Instrument to Detect Pin Diversion from Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Spent Fuel Assemblies Phase I Study  

SciTech Connect

A novel methodology to detect diversion of spent fuel from Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) has been developed in order to address a long unsolved safeguards verification problem for international safeguards community such as International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) or European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). The concept involves inserting tiny neutron and gamma detectors into the guide tubes of a spent fuel assembly and measuring the signals. The guide tubes form a quadrant symmetric pattern in the various PWR fuel product lines and the neutron and gamma signals from these various locations are processed to obtain a unique signature for an undisturbed fuel assembly. Signatures based on the neutron and gamma signals individually or in a combination can be developed. Removal of fuel pins from the assembly will cause the signatures to be visibly perturbed thus enabling the detection of diversion. All of the required signal processing to obtain signatures can be performed on standard laptop computers. Monte Carlo simulation studies and a set of controlled experiments with actual commercial PWR spent fuel assemblies were performed and validated this novel methodology. Based on the simulation studies and benchmarking measurements, the methodology developed promises to be a powerful and practical way to detect partial defects that constitute 10% or more of the total active fuel pins. This far exceeds the detection threshold of 50% missing pins from a spent fuel assembly, a threshold defined by the IAEA Safeguards Criteria. The methodology does not rely on any operator provided data like burnup or cooling time and does not require movement of the fuel assembly from the storage rack in the spent fuel pool. A concept was developed to build a practical field device, Partial Defect Detector (PDET), which will be completely portable and will use standard radiation measuring devices already in use at the IAEA. The use of the device will not require any information provided by the operator or any prior knowledge of the spent fuel assembly. The device can also be operated without any movement of the spent fuel from its storage position. Based on parametric studies conducted via computer simulation, the device should be able to detect diversion of as low as ten percent of the missing or replaced fuel from an assembly regardless of the location of the missing fuel within the assembly, of the cooling time, initial fuel enrichment or burnup levels. Conditions in the spent fuel pool such as clarity of the water or boron content are also not issues for this device. The shape of the base signature is principally dependent on the layout of the guide tubes in the various types of PWR fuel assemblies and perturbations in the form of replaced fuel pins will distort this signature. These features of PDET are all unique and overcome limitation and disadvantages presented by currently used devices such as the Fork detector or the Cerenkov Viewing Device. Thus, this device when developed and tested could fill an important need in the safeguards area for partial defect detection, a technology that the IAEA has been seeking for the past few decades.

Ham, Y S; Sitaraman, S

2008-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

469

Copyright owned by the author(s) under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Licence. http://pos.sissa.it Study of the radiation-hardness of VCSEL and PIN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This provides a simple mechanism to recover from the radiation damage. 9th International Conference on Large the radiation exposure and simplify the detector construction. In fact, the electric signals from the front-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Licence. http://pos.sissa.it Study of the radiation-hardness of VCSEL and PIN K.K. Gan1 , W. Fernando, H

Gan, K. K.

470

Aspect ratio effect on heat transfer in rotating two-pass rectangular channels with smooth walls and ribbed walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study experimentally investigates the effects of rotation, the buoyancy force, and the channel aspect ratio on heat transfer in two-pass rotating rectangular channels. The experiments are conducted with two surface conditions: smooth walls and 45?? angled ribbed walls. The channel aspect ratios include 4:1, 2:1, 1:1, 1:2 and 1:4. Four Reynolds numbers are studied: 5000, 10000, 25000 and 40000. The rotation speed is fixed at 550 rpm for all tests, and for each channel, two channel orientations are studied: 90?? and 45?? or 135??, with respect to the plane of rotation. Rib turbulators are placed on the leading and trailing walls of the channels at an angle of 45?? to the flow direction. The ribs have a 1.59 by 1.59 mm square cross section, and the rib pitch-to-height ratio (P/e) is 10 for all tests. The effects of the local buoyancy parameter and channel aspect ratio on the regional Nusselt number ratio are presented. Pressure drop data are also measured for both smooth and ribbed channels in rotating and non-rotating conditions. The results show that increasing the local buoyancy parameter increases the Nusselt number ratio on the trailing surface and decreases the Nusselt number ratio on the leading surface in the first pass for all channels. However, the trend of the Nusselt number ratio in the second pass is more complicated due to the strong effect of the 180?? turn. Results are also presented for this critical turn region of the two-pass channels. In addition to these regions, the channel averaged heat transfer, friction factor, and thermal performance are determined for each channel. With the channels having comparable Nusselt number ratios, the 1:4 channel has the superior thermal performance because it incurs the least pressure penalty. In this study, the author is able to systematically analyze, correlate, and conclude the thermal performance comparison with the combination of rotation effects on five different aspect ratio channels with both smooth walls and rib turbulated walls.

Fu, Wen-Lung

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Effect of design parameter changes on the performance of thermal storage wall passive systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hour-by-hour computer simulations based on one year of solar radiation and temperature data are used to analyze annual energy savings in thermal storage wall passive designs, both Trombe wall and water wall cases. The calculations are rerun many times changing various parameters one at a time to assess the effect on performance. Parameters analyzed are: night insulation R-value, number of glazings, wall absorptance and emittance, thermal storage capacity, Trombe wall properties and vent area size, additional building mass, and temperature control set points. Calculations are done for eight cities.

McFarland, R.D.; Balcomb, J.D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Area (Thomas, 1986) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Haleakala Volcano Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Controlled-source electromagnetic soundings were found to be substantially more successful in the southwest rift than either the Schlumberger or the self-potential studies. This was largely due to the ability of time-domain methods to penetrate high-resistivity surface layers and thus to define lower-resistivity sections at depth. The results of this sounding study, which was conducted at elevations ranging from 75 to 497 m a.s.l., generally indicated moderate- to lowresistivity (6 - 7 ohm.m) sections to depths of 1 km on the lower rift zone and higher resistivities (12-16

473

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported...

474

Definition: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Frequency-domain electromagnetic techniques are continuous wave field methods which enable the mapping of the electrical conductivity of the subsurface through electromagnetic induction.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Electromagnetic induction is the production of a potential difference (voltage) across a conductor when it is exposed to a varying magnetic field. Michael Faraday is generally credited with the discovery of induction in 1831 though it may have been anticipated by the work of Francesco Zantedeschi in 1829. Around 1830 to 1832, Joseph Henry made a similar discovery, but did not publish his findings until later. Faraday's

475

Analysis of multi-domain complex simulation studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex simulations are increasingly important in systems analysis and design. In some cases simulations can be exhaustively validated against experiment and taken to be implicitly accurate. However, in domains where only limited validation of the simulations ...

James R. Gattiker; Earl Lawrence; David Higdon

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Minimally supervised domain-adaptive parse reranking for relation extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper demonstrates how the generic parser of a minimally supervised information extraction framework can be adapted to a given task and domain for relation extraction (RE). For the experiments a generic deep-linguistic parser was employed that works ...

Feiyu Xu; Hong Li; Yi Zhang; Hans Uszkoreit; Sebastian Krause

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Observed and Simulated Energy Cycles in the Frequency Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis of spectral energetics in the frequency domain has been applied to several observed datasets and those simulated by a GFDL general circulation model. There exists good agreement on the directions of energy flows between the observed ...

Jian Sheng; Yoshikazu Hayashi

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Learning semantic structures from in-domain documents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semantic analysis is a core area of natural language understanding that has typically focused on predicting domain-independent representations. However, such representations are unable to fully realize the rich diversity ...

Chen, Harr

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

The Complexity of Reasoning with Concrete Domains Revised Version  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Description logics are knowledge representation and reasoning formalisms which represent conceptual knowledge on an abstract logical level. Concrete domains are a theoretically well-founded approach to the integration of description logic reasoning with ...

C. Lutz

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

NEXPTIME-Complete Description Logics with Concrete Domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concrete domains are an extension of Description Logics (DLs) allowing to integrate reasoning about conceptual knowledge with reasoning about "concrete properties" of objects such as sizes, weights, and durations. It is known that reasoning with ALC(D), ...

Carsten Lutz

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z