Sample records for domain shows ring-shaped

  1. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported...

  2. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA :Work with Jefferson LabDynein Motor Domain Shows

  3. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA :Work with Jefferson LabDynein Motor Domain ShowsDynein

  4. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA :Work with Jefferson LabDynein Motor Domain

  5. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract ManagementDiscovering HowAnaDynamic Switching of theDynein Motor

  6. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract ManagementDiscovering HowAnaDynamic Switching of theDynein

  7. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA :Work with Jefferson Lab |NuclearDynamicreversedDynein

  8. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA :Work with Jefferson Lab

  9. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Rho factor is a ring-shaped motor protein made up of six subunits (or, in analogy to combustion engines, six "cylinders"). Such motor proteins (also known as hexameric...

  10. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonantNovember 15Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped

  11. Ring-shaped polariton lasing in pillar microcavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalevich, V. K., E-mail: kalevich@solid.ioffe.ru; Afanasiev, M. M.; Lukoshkin, V. A.; Kavokin, K. V. [Spin Optics Laboratory, State University of Saint-Petersburg, 1, Ulianovskaya, 198504 St-Petersburg (Russian Federation); A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 26, Politechnicheskaya, 194021 St-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Tsintzos, S. I. [IESL-FORTH, P.O. Box 1527, 71110 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Savvidis, P. G. [IESL-FORTH, P.O. Box 1527, 71110 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, 71003 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Kavokin, A. V. [Spin Optics Laboratory, State University of Saint-Petersburg, 1, Ulianovskaya, 198504 St-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Physics and Astronomy School, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO171BJ (United Kingdom)

    2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Optically generated exciton-polaritons in cylindric semiconductor pillar microcavity with embedded GaAs/AlGaAs quantum wells demonstrate a clear polariton lasing regime. When exciting in the center of the pillar, we detect a ring-shaped emission, where the peak of intensity can be separated from the excitation spot by more than 10 ?m. The spatial coherence of the ring emission is verified by interferometry measurements. These observations are interpreted by drift of the exciton polariton condensate away from the excitation spot due to its repulsion from the exciton reservoir and by its spatial confinement by the pillar boundary.

  12. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonantNovember 15Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein

  13. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonantNovember 15Rotary Firing in Ring-ShapedRotary Firing

  14. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonantNovember 15Rotary Firing in Ring-ShapedRotary

  15. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonantNovember 15Rotary Firing in Ring-ShapedRotaryRotary

  16. Peculiarity of convergence of shock wave generated by underwater electrical explosion of ring-shaped wire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shafer, D.; Toker, G. R.; Gurovich, V. Tz.; Gleizer, S.; Krasik, Ya. E. [Physics Department, Technion, Haifa 32000 (Israel)] [Physics Department, Technion, Haifa 32000 (Israel)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanosecond timescale underwater electrical wire explosions of ring-shaped Cu wires were investigated using a pulsed generator with a current amplitude up to 50 kA. It was shown that this type of wire explosion results in the generation of a toroidal shock wave (SW). Time- and space-resolved optical diagnostics were used to determine azimuthal uniformity of the shock wave front and its velocity. It was found that the shock wave preserves its circular front shape in the range of radii 50?m

  17. Observation of radio frequency ring-shaped hollow cathode discharge plasma with MgO and Al electrodes for plasma processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohtsu, Yasunori, E-mail: ohtsuy@cc.saga-u.ac.jp; Matsumoto, Naoki [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1 Honjo-machi, Saga 840-8502 (Japan)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Various high-density plasma sources have been proposed for plasma processing. Especially, the hollow cathode discharge is one of the powerful ones. In this work, radio-frequency (RF) driven ring-shaped hollow cathode discharges with high secondary-electron emission have been investigated, using an aluminum (Al) cathode, coated or not with magnesium oxide (MgO). The thickness of MgO thin film is approximately 200?nm. The RF discharge voltage for the coated cathode is almost the same as that for the uncoated one, in a wide range of Ar gas pressure, from 5.3 to 53.2?Pa. The results reveal that the plasma density has a peak at an Ar gas pressure of 10.6?Pa for both cathodes. The plasma density for the coated cathode is about 1.5–3 times higher than that for the uncoated one, at various gas pressures. To the contrary, the electron temperature for the coated cathode is lower than temperature obtained with the uncoated cathode, at various gas pressures. Radial profiles of electron saturation current, which is proportional to plasma flux, are also examined for a wide range of gas pressure. Radial profiles of electron temperature at various axial positions are almost uniform for both cathodes so that the diffusion process due to density gradient is dominant for plasma transport. The secondary electrons emitted from the coated cathode contribute to the improvement of the plasma flux radial profile obtained using the uncoated cathode.

  18. Wedding ring shaped excitation coil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Tsai, Peter (Olney, MD)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high frequency inductively coupled electrodeless lamp includes an excitation coil with an effective electrical length which is less than one half wavelength of a driving frequency applied thereto, preferably much less. The driving frequency may be greater than 100 MHz and is preferably as high as 915 MHz. Preferably, the excitation coil is configured as a non-helical, semi-cylindrical conductive surface having less than one turn, in the general shape of a wedding ring. At high frequencies, the current in the coil forms two loops which are spaced apart and parallel to each other. Configured appropriately, the coil approximates a Helmholtz configuration. The lamp preferably utilizes an bulb encased in a reflective ceramic cup with a pre-formed aperture defined therethrough. The ceramic cup may include structural features to aid in alignment and/or a flanged face to aid in thermal management. The lamp head is preferably an integrated lamp head comprising a metal matrix composite surrounding an insulating ceramic with the excitation integrally formed on the ceramic. A novel solid-state oscillator preferably provides RF power to the lamp. The oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency.

  19. Topological Domain Theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battenfeld, Ingo

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents Topological Domain Theory as a powerful and flexible framework for denotational semantics. Topological Domain Theory models a wide range of type constructions and can interpret many computational features. Furthermore, it has...We begin by describing the categories of Topological Domain Theory, and their categorical structure. In particular, we recover the basic constructions of domain theory, such as products, function spaces, fixed points and recursive types, in the context of Topological Domain Theory....As a central contribution, we give a detailed account of how computational effects can be modelled in Topological Domain Theory. Following recent work of Plotkin and Power, who proposed to construct effect monads via free algebra functors, this is done by showing that free algebras for a large class of parametrised equational theories exist in Topological Domain Theory. These parametrised equational theories are expressive enough to generate most of the standard examples of effect monads. Moreover, the free algebras in Topological Domain Theory are obtained by an explicit inductive construction, using only basic topological and set-theoretical principles....We also give a comparison of Topological and Classical Domain Theory. The category of omega-continuous dcpos embeds into Topological Domain Theory, and we prove that this embedding preserves the basic domain-theoretic constructions in most cases. We show that the classical powerdomain constructions on omega-continuous dcpos, including the probabilistic powerdomain, can be recovered in Topological Domain Theory....Finally, we give a synthetic account of Topological Domain Theory. We show that Topological Domain Theory is a specific model of Synthetic Domain Theory in the realizability topos over Scott's graph model. We give internal characterisations of the categories of Topological Domain Theory in this realizability topos, and prove the corresponding categories to be internally complete and weakly small. This enables us to show that Topological Domain Theory can model the polymorphic lambda-calculus, and to obtain a richer collection of free algebras than those constructed earlier....In summary, this thesis shows that Topological Domain Theory supports a wide range of semantic constructions, including the standard domain-theoretic constructions, computational effects and polymorphism, all within a single setting....

  20. Concrete Domains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Gilles; Plotkin, Gordon

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces the theory of a particular kind of computation domains called concrete domains. The purpose of this theory is to find a satisfactory framework for the notions of coroutine computation and sequentiality ...

  1. Domain walls in gapped graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. W. Semenoff; V. Semenoff; Fei Zhou

    2008-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic properties of a particular class of domain walls in gapped graphene are investigated. We show that they can support mid-gap states which are localized in the vicinity of the domain wall and propagate along its length. With a finite density of domain walls, these states can alter the electronic properties of gapped graphene significantly. If the mid-gap band is partially filled,the domain wall can behave like a one-dimensional metal embedded in a semi-conductor, and could potentially be used as a single-channel quantum wire.

  2. Domain walls in gapped graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semenoff, G W; Zhou, Fei

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic properties of a particular class of domain walls in gapped graphene are investigated. We show that they can support mid-gap states which are localized in the vicinity of the domain wall and propagate along its length. With a finite density of domain walls, these states can alter the electronic properties of gapped graphene significantly. If the mid-gap band is partially filled,the domain wall can behave like a one-dimensional metal embedded in a semi-conductor, and could potentially be used as a single-channel quantum wire.

  3. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  4. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronicResources ResourcesRobust,Roman SeawaterEnergyRotary

  5. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonantNovember 15Rotary Firing in

  6. Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonantNovember 15Rotary Firing inRotary Firing in

  7. Eminent Domain Law (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations confer the power of eminent domain and describe procedures for exercising eminent domain in Iowa.

  8. DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names Top Level Domains · .com · .net · .org · .edu · .gov.9% of the web-viewing audience is used to typing in. Chances are, a visitor will type in ".com" even if you tell and simple · Try to avoid dashes or underscores in the domain name unless there is no other option Web

  9. Magnetic domains were not found in tetrataenite.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    collaboration with electrical engineers to produce the proper magnetic tape to view domains in. Observing and Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 Future Work While the magnetism· Magnetic domains were not found in tetrataenite. · Figure 4 shows magnetic domains found

  10. Concrete Domains and Nominals United Carlos Areces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Carsten

    Concrete Domains and Nominals United Carlos Areces University of Amsterdam The Netherlands carlos(D), the extension of ALC with concrete domains, is known to be PSpace-complete, in this article we show on the concrete domain D used). The proof is by a reduction of a NExpTime-complete variant of the domino problem

  11. Word Domain Disambiguation via Word Sense Disambiguation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Tratz, Stephen C.; Gregory, Michelle L.

    2006-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Word subject domains have been widely used to improve the perform-ance of word sense disambiguation al-gorithms. However, comparatively little effort has been devoted so far to the disambiguation of word subject do-mains. The few existing approaches have focused on the development of al-gorithms specific to word domain dis-ambiguation. In this paper we explore an alternative approach where word domain disambiguation is achieved via word sense disambiguation. Our study shows that this approach yields very strong results, suggesting that word domain disambiguation can be ad-dressed in terms of word sense disam-biguation with no need for special purpose algorithms.

  12. NAIHC Convention and Trade Show

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National American Indian Housing Council's (NAIHC) most longstanding Annual Event, the 39th Annual NAIHC Convention and Trade Show is an opportunity to learn about tribal housing, attend...

  13. Managing Beef Cattle for Show

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herd, Dennis B.; Boleman, Chris; Boleman, Larry L.

    2001-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in show diets because of its rapid digestion and tendency to cause acido- sis (see the section on health). Oats are excellent for growth and development of steers or heifers. A mixture similar in nutrient content to oats can be formulated with a high...

  14. Protein Oligomerization Through Domain Swapping: Role of Inter-molecular Interactions and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Sichun

    show that prevention of domain swapping inhibits amyloid fibrils by 80%,11 and strongly support the idea that domain swapping has an important role in fibril formation. Domain swapping is a term used found to form domain-swapped configurations, such as the human prion,12,13 the SH3 domain,14,15 p13suc1

  15. Eminent Domain Rights (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Developers of certain facilities, including dams to be used for hydropower, natural gas companies, wastewater systems, and coal pipelines, may be eligible to exercise eminent domain powers in...

  16. Eminent Domain (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utilities, corporations, and gas storage facilities may invoke the law of eminent domain in certain circumstances, as provided for in this legislation.

  17. Structural and Histone Binding Ability Characterizations of Human PWWP Domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Hong; Zeng, Hong; Lam, Robert; Tempel, Wolfram; Amaya, Maria F.; Xu, Chao; Dombrovski, Ludmila; Qiu, Wei; Wang, Yanming; Min, Jinrong (Toronto); (Penn)

    2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The PWWP domain was first identified as a structural motif of 100-130 amino acids in the WHSC1 protein and predicted to be a protein-protein interaction domain. It belongs to the Tudor domain 'Royal Family', which consists of Tudor, chromodomain, MBT and PWWP domains. While Tudor, chromodomain and MBT domains have long been known to bind methylated histones, PWWP was shown to exhibit histone binding ability only until recently. The PWWP domain has been shown to be a DNA binding domain, but sequence analysis and previous structural studies show that the PWWP domain exhibits significant similarity to other 'Royal Family' members, implying that the PWWP domain has the potential to bind histones. In order to further explore the function of the PWWP domain, we used the protein family approach to determine the crystal structures of the PWWP domains from seven different human proteins. Our fluorescence polarization binding studies show that PWWP domains have weak histone binding ability, which is also confirmed by our NMR titration experiments. Furthermore, we determined the crystal structures of the BRPF1 PWWP domain in complex with H3K36me3, and HDGF2 PWWP domain in complex with H3K79me3 and H4K20me3. PWWP proteins constitute a new family of methyl lysine histone binders. The PWWP domain consists of three motifs: a canonical {beta}-barrel core, an insertion motif between the second and third {beta}-strands and a C-terminal {alpha}-helix bundle. Both the canonical {beta}-barrel core and the insertion motif are directly involved in histone binding. The PWWP domain has been previously shown to be a DNA binding domain. Therefore, the PWWP domain exhibits dual functions: binding both DNA and methyllysine histones.

  18. Cytoplasmic Domain Structures of Kir2.1 and Kir3.1 Shows Sites for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would likeConstitution4Customer-Comments Sign In AboutCyndi

  19. Abstract Domains of Affine Relations MATT ELDER, University of Wisconsin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reps, Thomas W.

    modulo 2w, for some machine-integer width w). We show that the abstract domains of M¨uller-Olm/Seidl (MOS

  20. Untangling spider silk evolution with spidroin terminal domains.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garb, Jessica E; Ayoub, Nadia A; Hayashi, Cheryl Y

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evolution with spidroin terminal domains. BMC Evolutionaryconservation in the C-terminal region of spider silkAdditional file 1: N-terminal alignment, top line shows

  1. Axion domain wall baryogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daido, Ryuji; Takahashi, Fuminobu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new scenario of baryogenesis, in which annihilation of axion domain walls generates a sizable baryon asymmetry. Successful baryogenesis is possible for a wide range of the axion mass and decay constant, $m \\simeq 10^8 -10^{13}$ GeV and $f \\simeq 10^{13} - 10^{16}$ GeV. Baryonic isocurvature perturbations are significantly suppressed in our model, in contrast to various spontaneous baryogenesis scenarios in the slow-roll regime. In particular, the axion domain wall baryogenesis is consistent with high-scale inflation which generates a large tensor-to-scalar ratio within the reach of future CMB B-mode experiments. We also discuss the gravitational waves produced by the domain wall annihilation and its implications for the future gravitational wave experiments.

  2. Cellulose binding domain proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy (Davis, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  3. Cellulose binding domain proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.; Doi, R.

    1998-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 16 figs.

  4. Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanram, Kartik

    -scale linear circuits such as power distribution networks. Simulation results show that by inte- grating the proposed DD framework, existing linear circuit simulators can be extended to handle otherwise intractableLarge power grid analysis using domain decomposition Quming Zhou, Kai Sun, Kartik Mohanram, Danny C

  5. DOE Booth Presentations From Grainger Show 2015

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE hosted its solid-state lighting informational booth February 16–18 at the annual Grainger Show in Orlando, FL. With over 17,000 attendees and over 750 exhibitors, the show gathered a wide range of Grainger customers—from universities to large hotel chains as well as Grainger team members to learn the latest about LED lighting.

  6. Dangerous Bodies: Freak Shows, Expression, and Exploitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fordham, Brigham A.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dangerous Bodies: Freak Shows, Expression, and ExploitationR.I. GEN. LAWS § 11-9-1. DANGEROUS BODIES Rhode Island does161 Id. Id. 165 id. 166 Id. DANGEROUS BODIES This argument

  7. Thermodynamics of free Domain Wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. V. Gavai; Sayantan Sharma

    2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Studying various thermodynamic quantities for the free domain wall fermions for both finite and infinite fifth dimensional extent N_5, we find that the lattice corrections are minimum for $N_T\\geq10$ for both energy density and susceptibility, for its irrelevant parameter M in the range 1.45-1.50. The correction terms are, however, quite large for small lattice sizes of $N_T\\leq8$. We propose modifications of the domain wall operator, as well as the overlap operator, to reduce the finite cut-off effects to within 10% of the continuum results of the thermodynamic quantities for the currently used N_T=6-8 lattices. Incorporating chemical potential, we show that \\mu^2 divergences are absent for a large class of such domain wall fermion actions although the chiral symmetry is broken for $\\mu\

  8. Measurements and G-Subsets of Domains Harold Bennett, Mathematics Department, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutzer, David J.

    of measurements. We use a space created by D.K. Burke to show that there is a Scott domain P for which max(P in the literature asserting that [0, 1) is a space of this type. We show that if P is a Scott domain and X max(P-subset of P, where P is a domain but perhaps not a Scott domain, then X is domain-representable, first

  9. Multifunctionalities driven by ferroic domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, J. C.; Huang, Y. L.; Chu, Y. H., E-mail: yhc@nctu.edu.tw [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); He, Q. [Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Considerable attention has been paid to ferroic systems in pursuit of advanced applications in past decades. Most recently, the emergence and development of multiferroics, which exhibit the coexistence of different ferroic natures, has offered a new route to create functionalities in the system. In this manuscript, we step from domain engineering to explore a roadmap for discovering intriguing phenomena and multifunctionalities driven by periodic domain patters. As-grown periodic domains, offering exotic order parameters, periodic local perturbations and the capability of tailoring local spin, charge, orbital and lattice degrees of freedom, are introduced as modeling templates for fundamental studies and novel applications. We discuss related significant findings on ferroic domain, nanoscopic domain walls, and conjunct heterostructures based on the well-organized domain patterns, and end with future prospects and challenges in the field.

  10. Ring shaped 6.7 GHz methanol maser emission around a young high-mass star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bartkiewicz; M. Szymczak; H. J. van Langevelde

    2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on EVN imaging of the 6.7 GHz methanol maser emission from the candidate high-mass protostar G23.657-0.127. The masers originate in a nearly circular ring of 127 mas radius and 12 mas width. The ring structure points at a central exciting object which characteristics are typical for a young massive star; its bolometric luminosity is estimated to be methanol masers originate in a spherical bubble or in a rotating disc seen nearly face-on.

  11. Subunit-selective N-terminal domain associations organize the formation of AMPA receptor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    Subunit-selective N-terminal domain associations organize the formation of AMPA receptor heteromers approach, we show that the extra- cellular, membrane-distal AMPAR N-terminal domains (NTDs) orchestrate; structural biology Keywords: AMPA receptor function; AMPA receptor assembly; N-terminal domain

  12. Fluctuation induced interactions between domains in membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. S. Dean; M. Manghi

    2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a model lipid bilayer composed of a mixture of two incompatible lipid types which have a natural tendency to segregate in the absence of membrane fluctuations. The membrane is mechanically characterized by a local bending rigidity $\\kappa(\\phi)$ which varies with the average local lipid composition $\\phi$. We show, in the case where $\\kappa$ varies weakly with $\\phi$, that the effective interaction between lipids of the same type can either be everywhere attractive or can have a repulsive component at intermediate distances greater than the typical lipid size. When this interaction has a repulsive component, it can prevent macro-phase separation and lead to separation in mesophases with a finite domain size. This effect could be relevant to certain experimental and numerical observations of mesoscopic domains in such systems.

  13. Identification of new functions for BRCT domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad, Duaa H

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our lab identified the tandem BRCT domains of PTIP function as a DNA damage responsive phospho binding domain that recognizes proteins phosphorylated by ATM and ATR after DNA damage. The PTIP tandem BRCT domains are ...

  14. Domain walls riding the wave.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karapetrov, G.; Novosad, V.; Materials Science Division

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a rapid proliferation of electronic gadgets around the world. These devices are used for both communication and entertainment, and it is a fact that they account for a growing portion of household energy consumption and overall world consumption of electricity. Increasing the energy efficiency of these devices could have a far greater and immediate impact than a gradual switch to renewable energy sources. The advances in the area of spintronics are therefore very important, as gadgets are mostly comprised of memory and logic elements. Recent developments in controlled manipulation of magnetic domains in ferromagnet nanostructures have opened opportunities for novel device architectures. This new class of memories and logic gates could soon power millions of consumer electronic devices. The attractiveness of using domain-wall motion in electronics is due to its inherent reliability (no mechanical moving parts), scalability (3D scalable architectures such as in racetrack memory), and nonvolatility (retains information in the absence of power). The remaining obstacles in widespread use of 'racetrack-type' elements are the speed and the energy dissipation during the manipulation of domain walls. In their recent contribution to Physical Review Letters, Oleg Tretiakov, Yang Liu, and Artem Abanov from Texas A&M University in College Station, provide a theoretical description of domain-wall motion in nanoscale ferromagnets due to the spin-polarized currents. They find exact conditions for time-dependent resonant domain-wall movement, which could speed up the motion of domain walls while minimizing Ohmic losses. Movement of domain walls in ferromagnetic nanowires can be achieved by application of external magnetic fields or by passing a spin-polarized current through the nanowire itself. On the other hand, the readout of the domain state is done by measuring the resistance of the wire. Therefore, passing current through the ferromagnetic wire is the preferred method, as it combines manipulation and readout of the domain-wall state. The electrons that take part in the process of readout and manipulation of the domain-wall structure in the nanowire do so through the so-called spin transfer torque: When spin-polarized electrons in the ferromagnet nanowire pass through the domain wall they experience a nonuniform magnetization, and they try to align their spins with the local magnetic moments. The force that the electrons experience has a reaction force counterpart that 'pushes' the local magnetic moments, resulting in movement of the domain wall in the direction of the electron flow through the spin-transfer torque. The forces between the electrons and the local magnetic moments in the ferromagnet also create additional electrical resistance for the electrons passing through the domain wall. By measuring resistance across a segment of the nanowire, one determines if a domain wall is present; i.e., one can read the stored information. The interaction of the spin-polarized electrons with the domain wall in the ferromagnetic nanowire is not very efficient. Even for materials achieving high polarization of the free electrons, it is very difficult to move the magnetic domain wall. Several factors contribute to this problem, with imperfections of the ferromagnetic nanowire that cause domain-wall pinning being the dominant one. Permalloy nanowires, one of the best candidates for domain-wall-based memory and logic devices, require current densities of the order of 10{sup 8} A/cm{sup 2} in order to move a domain wall from a pinning well. Considering that this current has to pass through a relatively long wire, it is not very difficult to imagine that most of the energy will go to Joule heating. The efficiency of the process - the ratio of the energy converted to domain-wall motion to the total energy consumed - is comparable to that of an incandescent light bulb converting electricity to light. A step towards more efficient domain-wall-based memory devices is the advance of using alternating currents or curren

  15. Can adding oil control domain formation in binary amphiphile bilayers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. J. Greenall; C. M. Marques

    2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Bilayers formed of two species of amphiphile of different chain lengths may segregate into thinner and thicker domains composed predominantly of the respective species. Using a coarse-grained mean-field model, we investigate how mixing oil with the amphiphiles affects the structure and thickness of the bilayer at and on either side of the boundary between two neighbouring domains. In particular, we find that oil molecules whose chain length is close to that of the shorter amphiphiles segregate to the thicker domain. This smooths the surface of the hydrophobic bilayer core on this side of the boundary, reducing its area and curvature and their associated free-energy penalties. The smoothing effect is weaker for oil molecules that are shorter or longer than this optimum value: short molecules spread evenly through the bilayer, while long molecules swell the thicker domain, increasing the surface area and curvature of the bilayer core in the interfacial region. Our results show that adding an appropriate oil could make the formation of domain boundaries more or less favourable, raising the possibility of controlling the domain size distribution.

  16. Cellulose binding domain fusion proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Yosef, K.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

    1998-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 16 figs.

  17. Cellulose binding domain fusion proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  18. Axion-Dilaton Domain Walls and Fake Supergravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julian Sonner; Paul K. Townsend

    2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynamical systems methods are used to investigate domain-wall solutions of a two-parameter family of models in which gravity is coupled to an axion, and to a dilaton with an exponential potential of either sign. A complete global analysis is presented for (i) constant axion and (ii) flat walls, including a study of bifurcations and a new exact domain-wall solution with non-constant axion. We reconsider `fake supergravity' issues in light of these results. We show, by example, how domain walls determine multi-valued superpotentials that branch at stationary points that are not stationary points of the potential, and we apply this result to potentials with anti-de Sitter vacua. We also show by example that `adapted' truncation to a single-scalar model is sometimes inconsistent, and we propose a `generalized' fake supergravity formalism that applies in some such cases.

  19. Abstract Domains of Affine Relations , T. Sharma1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reps, Thomas W.

    , and stud- ies how they relate to each other. We show that the abstract domains of M¨uller-Olm/Seidl (MOS for affine-relation analysis (ARA)--one defined by M¨uller-Olm and Seidl (MOS) [19, 21] and one defined

  20. Performance Assessment Report Domain CHP System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Performance Assessment Report for the Domain CHP System November 2005 By Burns & McDonnell Engineering #12;Domain CHP System Performance Assessment Report for the Packaged Cooling, Heating and Power

  1. Magnetic domain walls driven by interfacial phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emori, Satoru

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A domain wall in a ferromagnetic material is a boundary between differently magnetized regions, and its motion provides a convenient scheme to control the magnetization state of the material. Domain walls can be confined ...

  2. DOMAIN DECOMPOSITION FOR A MIXED FINITE ELEMENT ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SIAM (#1) 1035 2001 Apr 10 12:32:38

    2003-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ... porous media, where highly discontinuous conductivity coefficients are also ...... [14] B. Smith, P. Bjřrstad, and W. Gropp, Domain Decomposition, Cambridge

  3. Effective Supergravity for Supergravity Domain Walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Cvetic; N. D. Lambert

    2002-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the low energy effective action for the Bosonic and Fermionic zero-modes of a smooth BPS Randall-Sundrum domain wall, including the induced supergravity on the wall. The result is a pure supergravity in one lower dimension. In particular, and in contrast to non-gravitational domain walls or domain walls in a compact space, the zero-modes representing transverse fluctuations of domain wall have vanishing action.

  4. Analysis of Property-Preservation Capabilities of the ROX and ESh Hash Domain Extenders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis of Property-Preservation Capabilities of the ROX and ESh Hash Domain Extenders Mohammad domain extension trans- forms are the Ramdom-Oracle-XOR (ROX) transform and the Enveloped Shoup (ESh showed that ESh is capable of preserving five important security notions; namely CR, message

  5. High-frequency programmable acoustic wave device realized through ferroelectric domain engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivry, Yachin, E-mail: ivry@mit.edu, E-mail: cd229@eng.cam.ac.uk; Wang, Nan; Durkan, Colm, E-mail: ivry@mit.edu, E-mail: cd229@eng.cam.ac.uk [Nanoscience Centre, University of Cambridge, 11 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0FF (United Kingdom)

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Surface acoustic wave devices are extensively used in contemporary wireless communication devices. We used atomic force microscopy to form periodic macroscopic ferroelectric domains in sol-gel deposited lead zirconate titanate, where each ferroelectric domain is composed of many crystallites, each of which contains many microscopic ferroelastic domains. We examined the electro-acoustic characteristics of the apparatus and found a resonator behavior similar to that of an equivalent surface or bulk acoustic wave device. We show that the operational frequency of the device can be tailored by altering the periodicity of the engineered domains and demonstrate high-frequency filter behavior (>8?GHz), allowing low-cost programmable high-frequency resonators.

  6. Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains Zeynep K#16;z#16;ltan Computer Science Division an application domain as a family of CSP models, so as to exhibit the generic constraint store for all models store and the domain propagation during search is analysed, so as to infer | before modelling any CSP

  7. Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling...

  8. Energy Innovation Hub Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Innovation Hub Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Retrofits Could Support 23,500 Jobs Energy Innovation Hub Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Retrofits Could Support...

  9. Statistical CT noise reduction with multiscale decomposition and penalized weighted least squares in the projection domain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tang Shaojie; Tang Xiangyang [Imaging and Medical Physics, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1701 Uppergate Dr., C-5018, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 (United States); School of Automation, Xi'an University of Posts and Telecommunications, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710121 (China); Imaging and Medical Physics, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1701 Uppergate Dr., C-5018, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 (United States)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purposes: The suppression of noise in x-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging is of clinical relevance for diagnostic image quality and the potential for radiation dose saving. Toward this purpose, statistical noise reduction methods in either the image or projection domain have been proposed, which employ a multiscale decomposition to enhance the performance of noise suppression while maintaining image sharpness. Recognizing the advantages of noise suppression in the projection domain, the authors propose a projection domain multiscale penalized weighted least squares (PWLS) method, in which the angular sampling rate is explicitly taken into consideration to account for the possible variation of interview sampling rate in advanced clinical or preclinical applications. Methods: The projection domain multiscale PWLS method is derived by converting an isotropic diffusion partial differential equation in the image domain into the projection domain, wherein a multiscale decomposition is carried out. With adoption of the Markov random field or soft thresholding objective function, the projection domain multiscale PWLS method deals with noise at each scale. To compensate for the degradation in image sharpness caused by the projection domain multiscale PWLS method, an edge enhancement is carried out following the noise reduction. The performance of the proposed method is experimentally evaluated and verified using the projection data simulated by computer and acquired by a CT scanner. Results: The preliminary results show that the proposed projection domain multiscale PWLS method outperforms the projection domain single-scale PWLS method and the image domain multiscale anisotropic diffusion method in noise reduction. In addition, the proposed method can preserve image sharpness very well while the occurrence of 'salt-and-pepper' noise and mosaic artifacts can be avoided. Conclusions: Since the interview sampling rate is taken into account in the projection domain multiscale decomposition, the proposed method is anticipated to be useful in advanced clinical and preclinical applications where the interview sampling rate varies.

  10. 2015 ACI National Home Performance Conference and Trade Show...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2015 ACI National Home Performance Conference and Trade Show 2015 ACI National Home Performance Conference and Trade Show May 4, 2015 9:00AM EDT to May 7, 2015 5:0...

  11. New Geothermal Prospects in the Western United States Show Promise...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New Geothermal Prospects in the Western United States Show Promise New Geothermal Prospects in the Western United States Show Promise February 27, 2013 - 2:21pm Addthis New...

  12. Sandia National Laboratories: New Material Tests Show Biaxial...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Material Tests Show Biaxial Laminate Creep Is Important for Large Wind-Turbine Blades New Material Tests Show Biaxial Laminate Creep Is Important for Large Wind-Turbine Blades...

  13. Dissipation, noise and DCC domain formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the effect of friction on domain formation in disoriented chiral condensate. We solve the equation of motion of the linear sigma model, in the Hartree approximation, including a friction and a white noise term. For quenched initial condition, we find that even in presence of noise and dissipation domain like structure emerges after a few fermi of evolution. Domain size as large as 5 fm can be formed.

  14. Localized domain patterns in complex polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Localized domain patterns in complex polymers abstract. Block copolymers are macromolecules that can form variety of microstructures as a result of incomplete

  15. Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures serve to protect Georgia's natural and environmental resources by requiring permits be issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection...

  16. Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit...

  17. Observational Constraints on Varying-alpha Domain Walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. P. Avelino; L. Sousa

    2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the possibility that current hints of a spatial variation of the fine structure constant at high redshift could be due to a biased domain wall network described by a scalar field non-minimally coupled to the electromagnetic field. We show that in order to be cause of the reported spatial variation of the fine structure constant without being in conflict with the observed anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background, the characteristic scale of the network would have to be of the order of the Hubble radius and the fractional contribution of the domain wall network to the energy density of the Universe would need to be in the range $10^{-10} temperature distribution of the cosmic microwave background detected by Planck and WMAP and provide a significant contribution to the excess B-mode polarisation power detected by BICEP2. Since the domain wall contribution to the cosmic energy budget only becomes important at late times, domain wall networks cannot play a significant role as a seed for large scale structure formation and primary cosmic microwave background anisotropies.

  18. Sapphire decomposition and inversion domains in N-polar aluminum nitride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussey, Lindsay, E-mail: lkhussey@ncsu.edu; White, Ryan M.; Kirste, Ronny; Bryan, Isaac; Guo, Wei; Osterman, Katherine; Haidet, Brian; Bryan, Zachary; Bobea, Milena; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7919 (United States); Mita, Seiji [HexaTech, Inc., 991 Aviation Pkwy, Suite 800, Morrisville, North Carolina 27560 (United States)

    2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques and potassium hydroxide (KOH) etching confirmed that inversion domains in the N-polar AlN grown on c-plane sapphire were due to the decomposition of sapphire in the presence of hydrogen. The inversion domains were found to correspond to voids at the AlN and sapphire interface, and transmission electron microscopy results showed a V-shaped, columnar inversion domain with staggered domain boundary sidewalls. Voids were also observed in the simultaneously grown Al-polar AlN, however no inversion domains were present. The polarity of AlN grown above the decomposed regions of the sapphire substrate was confirmed to be Al-polar by KOH etching and TEM.

  19. alfa show improved: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Policy Program Format AZ Town Hall president, Tara Jackson Reisslein, Martin 299 Seismic tomography shows that upwelling beneath Iceland is confined to the upper mantle...

  20. ORISE: Report shows nuclear engineering graduation rates on the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ORISE report shows nuclear engineering graduation rates on the rise in 2013 Number of graduate degrees expected to remain consistent, but undergraduate degrees could see decrease...

  1. Sandia Energy - Sandia Study Shows Large LNG Fires Hotter but...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Study Shows Large LNG Fires Hotter but Smaller Than Expected Home Infrastructure Security News News & Events Energy Assurance Modeling Modeling & Analysis Analysis Sandia Study...

  2. abeta oligomers show: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Creek showing (Candy and Deep Purple claims) is hosted by Middle Devonian carbonate rocks in the southem Rocky Mountains oi British Columbia. The property lies near the...

  3. Sandia Energy - Biofuels Blend Right In: Researchers Show Ionic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biofuels Blend Right In: Researchers Show Ionic Liquids Effective for Pretreating Mixed Blends of Biofuel Feedstocks Home Renewable Energy Energy Transportation Energy Biofuels...

  4. DefectDomain Wall Interactions in Trigonal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalan, Venkatraman

    Defect­Domain Wall Interactions in Trigonal Ferroelectrics Venkatraman Gopalan,1 Volkmar Dierolf,2 walls in the trigonal ferroelectrics lithium niobate and lithium tantalate. It is shown that extrinsic questions re- garding intrinsic widths, defect­domain wall interactions, and static versus dynamic wall

  5. A Theoretical Framework for Chimera Domain Decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeling, Stephen L.

    A Theoretical Framework for Chimera Domain Decomposition S. L. Keeling Sverdrup Technology, Inc. Steger, UC Davis, May 2-4, 1997. 1 Introduction. The Chimera scheme is a domain decomposition method- ometry is divided into simply shaped regions. Unlike other approaches [5], the Chimera method simplifies

  6. Reasoning with Concrete Domains Carsten Lutz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Carsten

    Reasoning with Concrete Domains Carsten Lutz RWTH Aachen, LuFg Theoretical Computer Science. Concrete domains allow the integration of description logic reasoning with reasoning about concrete objects for building real­world applications, is widely accepted. How­ ever, the complexity of reasoning with concrete

  7. Structure of a Longitudinal Actin Dimer Assembled by Tandem W Domains: Implications for Actin Filament Nucleation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rebowski, Grzegorz; Namgoong, Suk; Boczkowska, Malgorzata; Leavis, Paul C.; Navaza, Jorge; Dominguez, Roberto (IBS) [IBS; (BBRI); (UPENN-MED)

    2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Actin filament nucleators initiate polymerization in cells in a regulated manner. A common architecture among these molecules consists of tandem WASP homology 2 domains (W domains) that recruit three to four actin subunits to form a polymerization nucleus. We describe a low-resolution crystal structure of an actin dimer assembled by tandem W domains, where the first W domain is cross-linked to Cys374 of the actin subunit bound to it, whereas the last W domain is followed by the C-terminal pointed end-capping helix of thymosin {beta}4. While the arrangement of actin subunits in the dimer resembles that of a long-pitch helix of the actin filament, important differences are observed. These differences result from steric hindrance of the W domain with intersubunit contacts in the actin filament. We also determined the structure of the first W domain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus VopL cross-linked to actin Cys374 and show it to be nearly identical with non-cross-linked W-Actin structures. This result validates the use of cross-linking as a tool for the study of actin nucleation complexes, whose natural tendency to polymerize interferes with most structural methods. Combined with a biochemical analysis of nucleation, the structures may explain why nucleators based on tandem W domains with short inter-W linkers have relatively weak activity, cannot stay bound to filaments after nucleation, and are unlikely to influence filament elongation. The findings may also explain why nucleation-promoting factors of the Arp2/3 complex, which are related to tandem-W-domain nucleators, are ejected from branch junctions after nucleation. We finally show that the simple addition of the C-terminal pointed end-capping helix of thymosin {beta}4 to tandem W domains can change their activity from actin filament nucleation to monomer sequestration.

  8. Effects of twin boundary mobility on domain microstructure evolution in magnetic shape memory alloys: Phase field simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Yongmei M. [Department of Aerospace Engineering, Texas A and M University, 3141 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)

    2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Effects of twin boundary mobility on domain microstructure evolution during magnetic field-induced deformation in magnetic shape memory alloys are studied by phase field micromagnetic microelastic modeling. The simulations show that different twin boundary mobilities lead to drastically different domain microstructures and evolution pathways, yielding very different magnetization and strain responses, even with opposite signs. The study also reveals complex domain phenomena in magnetic shape memory alloys.

  9. ShowFlow: A practical interface for groundwater modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tauxe, J.D.

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ShowFlow was created to provide a user-friendly, intuitive environment for researchers and students who use computer modeling software. What traditionally has been a workplace available only to those familiar with command-line based computer systems is now within reach of almost anyone interested in the subject of modeling. In the case of this edition of ShowFlow, the user can easily experiment with simulations using the steady state gaussian plume groundwater pollutant transport model SSGPLUME, though ShowFlow can be rewritten to provide a similar interface for any computer model. Included in this thesis is all the source code for both the ShowFlow application for Microsoft{reg sign} Windows{trademark} and the SSGPLUME model, a User's Guide, and a Developer's Guide for converting ShowFlow to run other model programs. 18 refs., 13 figs.

  10. Optical coherence domain reflectometry guidewire

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Colston, Billy W. (Livermore, CA); Everett, Matthew (Pleasanton, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A guidewire with optical sensing capabilities is based on a multiplexed optical coherence domain reflectometer (OCDR), which allows it to sense location, thickness, and structure of the arterial walls or other intra-cavity regions as it travels through the body during minimally invasive medical procedures. This information will be used both to direct the guidewire through the body by detecting vascular junctions and to evaluate the nearby tissue. The guidewire contains multiple optical fibers which couple light from the proximal to distal end. Light from the fibers at the distal end of the guidewire is directed onto interior cavity walls via small diameter optics such as gradient index lenses and mirrored corner cubes. Both forward viewing and side viewing fibers can be included. The light reflected or scattered from the cavity walls is then collected by the fibers, which are multiplexed at the proximal end to the sample arm of an optical low coherence reflectometer. The guidewire can also be used in nonmedical applications.

  11. Considering removing "Show Preview" button on utility rate form...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 22 April, 2013 - 13:55 Utility Rates I'm considering removing the "Show Preview" button, since it does not work (javascript...

  12. acid show improved: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Marton 2001-01-01 8 ATOC 3500CHEM 3151 Problem 11, Spring 2014 We Didn't Get Much into Acid Rain...this shows how rainwater is naturally Geosciences Websites Summary: ATOC 3500...

  13. Biological Monitoring at Amchitka Appears to Show Impacts from...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of the monitoring showed that Dolly Varden (a type of freshwater char, a trout-like fish), rockweed (littoral-zone algae), and to a lesser extent, Irish Lord (a small...

  14. Conference shows high school girls their scientific future |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Division, speaks with event attendees. Click to enlarge. Conference shows high school girls their scientific future By Justin H.S. Breaux * April 7, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint...

  15. Secretary Chu Speaks at the 2010 Washington Auto Show

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    at the 2010 Washington Auto Show, Secretary Chu lays out a roadmap for how the U.S. can lead the world in making the clean vehicles we need. He also announced that the Department of Energy had...

  16. New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Department today released a new report showing progress for the U.S. offshore wind energy market in 2012, including the completion of two commercial lease auctions for...

  17. Use of Preventative and Therapeutic Drugs in Show Market Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faries Jr., Floron C.

    2001-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Various medicines are used in show market livestock and poultry, but exhibitors must ensure that the carcasses do not contain illegal residues of drugs, chemicals and feed additives. Only approved substances should be used. Illegal uses of drugs...

  18. Global Climate Change Assessment Report Shows Nations Not Doing...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Climate Change Assessment Report Shows Nations Not Doing Enough Home > Blogs > Dc's blog Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(107) Contributor 5 November, 2014 - 14:49 The latest...

  19. Localized Domains of Disoriented Chiral Condensates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. K. Nandi; T. K. Nayak; B. Mohanty; D. P. Mahapatra; Y. P. Viyogi

    1999-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A new method to search for localized domains of disoriented chiral condensates (DCC) has been proposed by utilising the (eta-phi) phase space distributions of charged particles and photons. Using the discrete wavelet transformation (DWT) analysis technique, it has been found that the presence of DCC domains broadens the distribution of wavelet coefficients in comparison to that of normal events. Strength contours have been derived from the differences in rms deviations of these distributions by taking into account the size of DCC domains and the probability of DCC production in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. This technique can be suitably adopted to experiments measuring multiplicities of charged particles and photons.

  20. Domain wall cosmology and multiple accelerations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Bum-Hoon [CQUeST, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea 121-742 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul, 121-742 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Wonwoo; Nam, Siyoung; Park, Chanyong [CQUeST, Sogang University, Seoul, 121-742 (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We classify the cosmological behaviors of the domain wall under junctions between two spacetimes in terms of various parameters: cosmological constants of bulk spacetime, a tension of a domain wall, and mass parameters of the black-hole-type metric. Especially, we consider the false-true vacuum-type junctions and the domain wall connecting between an inner AdS space and an outer AdS Reissner-Nordstroem black hole. We find that there exists a solution to the junction equations with multiple accelerations.

  1. Human-computer interface incorporating personal and application domains

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Thomas G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a human-computer interface. The interface includes provision of an application domain, for example corresponding to a three-dimensional application. The user is allowed to navigate and interact with the application domain. The interface also includes a personal domain, offering the user controls and interaction distinct from the application domain. The separation into two domains allows the most suitable interface methods in each: for example, three-dimensional navigation in the application domain, and two- or three-dimensional controls in the personal domain. Transitions between the application domain and the personal domain are under control of the user, and the transition method is substantially independent of the navigation in the application domain. For example, the user can fly through a three-dimensional application domain, and always move to the personal domain by moving a cursor near one extreme of the display.

  2. Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation Sanzad Siddique Department -- Domain knowledge is an essential factor for forecasting energy demand. This paper introduces a method knowledge substantially improves energy demand forecasting accuracy. However, domain knowledge may differ

  3. Structural and Functional Characterization of DUF1471 Domains...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    subfamilies: SrfN, YahO, and SssBYdgH (two of its three DUF1471 domains: the N-terminal domain I (residues 21–91), and the C-terminal domain III (residues...

  4. Surface plasmon resonance shows that type IV pili are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckling, Angus

    REPORT Surface plasmon resonance shows that type IV pili are important in surface attachment. Here, using the surface analytical technique, surface plasmon resonance (SPR), we follow the attachment; pili; surface plasmon resonance; biofilm formation 1. INTRODUCTION Bacterial attachment is a critical

  5. Oil and gas shows in the Salina basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newell, K.D.; Lambert, M.; Berendsen, P.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book presents data from drillers' records and other information on the Salina basin wells in north-central Kansas. A listing that includes well name, operator, location, completion date, depth intervals, and formation name for each well is included. A map showing oil and gas fields in the surrounding area and wells drilled within the basin is offered.

  6. Fig. 1. Schematic of LDX device showing three superconducting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Fig. 1. Schematic of LDX device showing three superconducting magnets and the plasma@psfc.mit.edu Abstract: We report the first production of high beta plasma confined by a laboratory superconducting-field superconducting dipole magnet, termed the "floating coil" was supported by three thin support rods. In this mode

  7. Asymptotically radial solutions in expanding annular domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clapp, Mónica

    Asymptotically radial solutions in expanding annular domains Thomas Bartsch M´onica Clapp Massimo- mail: Thomas.Bartsch@math.uni-giessen.de Instituto de Matem´aticas, Universidad Nacional Aut´onoma de M

  8. Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the...

  9. Wavelet Domain Based Techniques for Video Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutil, Rade

    Wavelet Domain Based Techniques for Video Coding Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades an der . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.4.3 Error Resilience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3 Wavelet Transform 18 3.1 Wavelet Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.1.1 Fourier Transform (FT

  10. Casimir forces in the time domain: Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Steven G.

    Our previous article [Phys. Rev. A 80, 012115 (2009)] introduced a method to compute Casimir forces in arbitrary geometries and for arbitrary materials that was based on a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) scheme. In ...

  11. Building Noetherian and non-Noetherian integral domains using ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    valuation domain birationally dominating R, .... discrete valuation domain (DVR) and it is well-known that the completion of R .... two methods for the construction.

  12. Structured hints : extracting and abstracting domain expertise.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hereld, M.; Stevens, R.; Sterling, T.; Gao, G. R.; Mathematics and Computer Science; California Inst. of Tech.; Louisiana State Univ.; Univ. of Delaware

    2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new framework for providing information to help optimize domain-specific application codes. Its design addresses problems that derive from the widening gap between the domain problem statement by domain experts and the architectural details of new and future high-end computing systems. The design is particularly well suited to program execution models that incorporate dynamic adaptive methodologies for live tuning of program performance and resource utilization. This new framework, which we call 'structured hints', couples a vocabulary of annotations to a suite of performance metrics. The immediate target is development of a process by which a domain expert describes characteristics of objects and methods in the application code that would not be readily apparent to the compiler; the domain expert provides further information about what quantities might provide the best indications of desirable effect; and the interactive preprocessor identifies potential opportunities for the domain expert to evaluate. Our development of these ideas is progressing in stages from case study, through manual implementation, to automatic or semi-automatic implementation. In this paper we discuss results from our case study, an examination of a large simulation of a neural network modeled after the neocortex.

  13. Secretary Chu Speaks at the 2010 Washington Auto Show

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Secretary Chu

    2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Secretary Chu lays out a roadmap for how the U.S. can lead the world in making the clean vehicles we need at the 2010 Washington Auto Show. He also announced that the Department of Energy had closed on a $1.4 billion loan to Nissan to build the all-electric LEAF in Tennessee and create up to 1,300 American jobs.

  14. Several engine technology advances show potential in labs; Part 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCoy, J.J. (Tenneco Gas Co., Houston, TX (United States)); Willson, B. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Engines and Energy Conservation Lab.)

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cutting fuel consumption and reducing emissions are dominant goals of stationary gas engine operators. Recent technology advances show promise and could result in money-saving retrofit options. Selected new technologies include sensors, actuators--defined as anything controlling the engine: fuel and ignition--and control techniques. An attractive feature of most of these technologies is that they can be retrofitting onto existing engines, allowing the potential for improved performance at a fraction of engine replacement cost. This paper describes these technologies.

  15. Secretary Chu Speaks at the 2010 Washington Auto Show

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Secretary Chu

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Secretary Chu lays out a roadmap for how the U.S. can lead the world in making the clean vehicles we need at the 2010 Washington Auto Show. He also announced that the Department of Energy had closed on a $1.4 billion loan to Nissan to build the all-electric LEAF in Tennessee and create up to 1,300 American jobs.

  16. FIVE KEPLER TARGET STARS THAT SHOW MULTIPLE TRANSITING EXOPLANET CANDIDATES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steffen, Jason H. [Fermilab Center for Particle Astrophysics, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Batalha, Natalie M. [Department of Astronomy and Physics, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA 95192 (United States); Borucki, William J.; Caldwell, Douglas A.; Haas, Michael J.; Jenkins, Jon M.; Koch, David; Lissauer, Jack J. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Buchhave, Lars A.; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; Fressin, Francois; Holman, Matthew J.; Latham, David W. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Cochran, William D.; Endl, Michael [McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-2059 (United States); Ford, Eric B.; Moorhead, Althea V. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Fortney, Jonathan J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Howell, Steve B. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Isaacson, Howard [Astronomy Department, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 9472 (United States)

    2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present and discuss five candidate exoplanetary systems identified with the Kepler spacecraft. These five systems show transits from multiple exoplanet candidates. Should these objects prove to be planetary in nature, then these five systems open new opportunities for the field of exoplanets and provide new insights into the formation and dynamical evolution of planetary systems. We discuss the methods used to identify multiple transiting objects from the Kepler photometry as well as the false-positive rejection methods that have been applied to these data. One system shows transits from three distinct objects while the remaining four systems show transits from two objects. Three systems have planet candidates that are near mean motion commensurabilities-two near 2:1 and one just outside 5:2. We discuss the implications that multi-transiting systems have on the distribution of orbital inclinations in planetary systems, and hence their dynamical histories, as well as their likely masses and chemical compositions. A Monte Carlo study indicates that, with additional data, most of these systems should exhibit detectable transit timing variations (TTVs) due to gravitational interactions, though none are apparent in these data. We also discuss new challenges that arise in TTV analyses due to the presence of more than two planets in a system.

  17. Structurally Similar but Functionally Diverse ZU5 Domains in Human Erythrocyte Ankyrin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yasunaga, Mai; Ipsaro, Jonathan J.; Mondragón, Alfonso (NWU)

    2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The metazoan cell membrane is highly organized. Maintaining such organization and preserving membrane integrity under different conditions are accomplished through intracellular tethering to an extensive, flexible protein network. Spectrin, the principal component of this network, is attached to the membrane through the adaptor protein ankyrin, which directly bridges the interaction between {beta}-spectrin and membrane proteins. Ankyrins have a modular structure that includes two tandem ZU5 domains. The first domain, ZU5A, is directly responsible for binding {beta}-spectrin. Here, we present a structure of the tandem ZU5 repeats of human erythrocyte ankyrin. Structural and biophysical experiments show that the second ZU5 domain, ZU5B, does not participate in spectrin binding. ZU5B is structurally similar to the ZU5 domain found in the netrin receptor UNC5b supramodule, suggesting that it could interact with other domains in ankyrin. Comparison of several ZU5 domains demonstrates that the ZU5 domain represents a compact and versatile protein interaction module.

  18. Modified Yeast Show Improved Xylose Fermentation and Toxin Tolerance -

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA /Ml'. WilliamEnergy Innovation Portal Show Improved

  19. Dual-domain point diffraction interferometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Naulleau, Patrick P. (5239 Miles Ave., Apt. A, Oakland, CA 94618); Goldberg, Kenneth Alan (1195 Keeler Ave., Berkeley, CA 94708)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A hybrid spatial/temporal-domain point diffraction interferometer (referred to as the dual-domain PS/PDI) that is capable of suppressing the scattered-reference-light noise that hinders the conventional PS/PDI is provided. The dual-domain PS/PDI combines the separate noise-suppression capabilities of the widely-used phase-shifting and Fourier-transform fringe pattern analysis methods. The dual-domain PS/PDI relies on both a more restrictive implementation of the image plane PS/PDI mask and a new analysis method to be applied to the interferograms generated and recorded by the modified PS/PDI. The more restrictive PS/PDI mask guarantees the elimination of spatial-frequency crosstalk between the signal and the scattered-light noise arising from scattered-reference-light interfering with the test beam. The new dual-domain analysis method is then used to eliminate scattered-light noise arising from both the scattered-reference-light interfering with the test beam and the scattered-reference-light interfering with the "true" pinhole-diffracted reference light. The dual-domain analysis method has also been demonstrated to provide performance enhancement when using the non-optimized standard PS/PDI design. The dual-domain PS/PDI is essentially a three-tiered filtering system composed of lowpass spatial-filtering the test-beam electric field using the more restrictive PS/PDI mask, bandpass spatial-filtering the individual interferogram irradiance frames making up the phase-shifting series, and bandpass temporal-filtering the phase-shifting series as a whole.

  20. Time Evolution of Temperature and Entropy of Various Collapsing Domain Walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evan Halstead

    2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the time evolution of the temperature and entropy of gravitationally collapsing domain walls as seen by an asymptotic observer. In particular, we seek to understand how topology and the addition of a cosmological constant affect the gravitational collapse. Previous work has shown that the entropy of a spherically symmetric collapsing domain approaches a constant. In this paper, we reproduce these results, using both a fully quantum and a semi-classical approach, then we repeat the process for a de Sitter Schwarzschild domain wall (spherical with cosmological constant) and a (3+1) BTZ domain wall (cylindrical). We do this by coupling a scalar field to the background of the domain wall and analyzing the spectrum of radiation as a function of time. We find that the spectrum is quasi-thermal, with the degree of thermality increasing as the domain wall approaches the horizon. The thermal distribution allows for the determination of the temperature as a function of time, and we find that the late time temperature is very close to the Hawking temperature and that it also exhibits the proper scaling with the mass. From the temperature we find the entropy. Since the collapsing domain wall is what forms a black hole, we can compare the results to those of the standard entropy-area relation. We find that the entropy does in fact approach a constant that is close to the Hawking entropy. However, both the de Sitter Schwarzschild domain wall and the (3+1) BTZ domain wall show periods of decreasing entropy, which suggests that spontaneous collapse may be prevented.

  1. Standing gravitational waves from domain walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gogberashvili, Merab [Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, 6 Tamarashvili Street, Tbilisi 0177 (Georgia); Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, 3 Chavchavadze Avenue, Tbilisi 0128 (Georgia); California State University, Fresno, Physics Department, Fresno, California 93740-8031 (United States); Myrzakul, Shynaray [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Gumilev Eurasian National University, Astana, 010008 (Kazakhstan); California State University, Fresno, Physics Department, Fresno, California 93740-8031 (United States); Singleton, Douglas [California State University, Fresno, Physics Department, Fresno, California 93740-8031 (United States); Institute of Gravitation and Cosmology, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow 117198 (Russian Federation)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a plane symmetric, standing gravitational wave for a domain wall plus a massless scalar field. The scalar field can be associated with a fluid which has the properties of 'stiff' matter, i.e., matter in which the speed of sound equals the speed of light. Although domain walls are observationally ruled out in the present era, the solution has interesting features which might shed light on the character of exact nonlinear wave solutions to Einstein's equations. Additionally this solution may act as a template for higher dimensional 'brane-world' model standing waves.

  2. Antiferromagnetic domain size and exchange bias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzsimmons, M. R.; Lederman, D.; Cheon, M.; Shi, H.; Olamit, J.; Roshchin, Igor V.; Schuller, Ivan K.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the adjacent FM was inferred from scanning MOKE spectroscopy and superconducting quantum interfer- ence device #1;SQUID#2; magnetometry. The relationship gov- erns the regime of exchange bias #5;averaging #1;of FM domains over AF domains#2; vs nonaveraging... with neutron reflectometry34 and inferred from magnetometry and micromagnetic model- ing of GdFe/TbFe bilayers.27,35 Despite recent successful efforts to quantify the uncom- pensated magnetization in the AF, measurement of AF do- main size has not been...

  3. Effect of the Centrifugal Force on Domain Chaos in Rayleigh-Bénard convection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathan Becker; J. D. Scheel; M. C. Cross; Guenter Ahlers

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments and simulations from a variety of sample sizes indicated that the centrifugal force significantly affects rotating Rayleigh-B\\'enard convection-patterns. In a large-aspect-ratio sample, we observed a hybrid state consisting of domain chaos close to the sample center, surrounded by an annulus of nearly-stationary nearly-radial rolls populated by occasional defects reminiscent of undulation chaos. Although the Coriolis force is responsible for domain chaos, by comparing experiment and simulation we show that the centrifugal force is responsible for the radial rolls. Furthermore, simulations of the Boussinesq equations for smaller aspect ratios neglecting the centrifugal force yielded a domain precession-frequency $f\\sim\\epsilon^\\mu$ with $\\mu\\simeq1$ as predicted by the amplitude-equation model for domain chaos, but contradicted by previous experiment. Additionally the simulations gave a domain size that was larger than in the experiment. When the centrifugal force was included in the simulation, $\\mu$ and the domain size closely agreed with experiment.

  4. Domain wall partition functions and KP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O Foda; M Wheeler; M Zuparic

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We observe that the partition function of the six vertex model on a finite square lattice with domain wall boundary conditions is (a restriction of) a KP tau function and express it as an expectation value of charged free fermions (up to an overall normalization).

  5. Nucleic acids encoding a cellulose binding domain

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  6. Solitons and Domain Walls in Odd Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. D. Lambert; G. W. Gibbons

    2000-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the existance of smooth soliton solutions which interpolate between supersymmetric vacua in odd-dimensional theories. In particular we apply this analysis to a wide class of supergravities to argue against the existence of smooth domain walls interpolating between supersymmetric vacua. We find that if the superpotential changes sign then any Goldstino modes will diverge.

  7. Nucleic acids encoding a cellulose binding domain

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

    1996-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 15 figs.

  8. Stripe-to-bubble transition of magnetic domains at the spin reorientation of (Fe/Ni)/Cu/Ni/Cu(001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, J.; Choi, J.; Won, C.; Wu, Y. Z.; Scholl, A.; Doran, A.; Hwang, Chanyong; Qiu, Z.

    2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetic domain evolution at the spin reorientation transition (SRT) of (Fe/Ni)/Cu/Ni/Cu(001) is investigated using photoemission electron microscopy. While the (Fe/Ni) layer exhibits the SRT, the interlayer coupling of the perpendicularly magnetized Ni layer to the (Fe/Ni) layer serves as a virtual perpendicular magnetic field exerted on the (Fe/Ni) layer. We find that the perpendicular virtual magnetic field breaks the up-down symmetry of the (Fe/Ni) stripe domains to induce a net magnetization in the normal direction of the film. Moreover, as the virtual magnetic field increases to exceed a critical field, the stripe domain phase evolves into a bubble domain phase. Although the critical field depends on the Fe film thickness, we show that the area fraction of the minority domain exhibits a universal value that determines the stripe-to-bubble phase transition.

  9. A Novel Combined Term Suggestion Service for Domain-Specific Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hienert, Daniel; Schaible, Johann; Mayr, Philipp

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interactive query expansion can assist users during their query formulation process. We conducted a user study with over 4,000 unique visitors and four different design approaches for a search term suggestion service. As a basis for our evaluation we have implemented services which use three different vocabularies: (1) user search terms, (2) terms from a terminology service and (3) thesaurus terms. Additionally, we have created a new combined service which utilizes thesaurus term and terms from a domain-specific search term re-commender. Our results show that the thesaurus-based method clearly is used more often compared to the other single-method implementations. We interpret this as a strong indicator that term suggestion mechanisms should be domain-specific to be close to the user terminology. Our novel combined approach which interconnects a thesaurus service with additional statistical relations out-performed all other implementations. All our observations show that domain-specific vocabulary can support...

  10. This book describes the responsibilities of show personnel and outlines the job descriptions of various positions for the NH 4-H State Horse Show (or any other 4-H horse show).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    of various positions for the NH 4-H State Horse Show (or any other 4-H horse show). June 2013 #12;Table of Contents Organizing a 4-H Horse Show ........................................................................................... 1 State 4-H Horse Show Philosophy................................................................ 1

  11. A comparison of marine time-domain and frequency-domain controlled source electromagnetic methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connell, Dylan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The inline step-on and step-off response for the canonicalD) and time-domain (step-on) responses for various levels of180 s. stacking), step-on response (500 stacks), and PRBS (

  12. Light Show

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5Let us count theLienertLift Forces in9 Lightning

  13. Employee Show

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContractElectron-State HybridizationSecurity /MaterialsPKGWhere Science

  14. Domain-Specific Type Inference for Library Generation in a Telescoping Compiler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chauhan, Arun

    Domain-Specific Type Inference for Library Generation in a Telescoping Compiler Cheryl McCosh Rice variants specialized to the different possible types of input parameters to the library routines. We showed that, if this is done, the library procedures automatically generated from MATLAB proto- type code had

  15. From top-level to domain ontologies: Ecosystem classifications as a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bittner, Thomas

    From top-level to domain ontologies: Ecosystem classifications as a case study Thomas Bittner at Buffalo Abstract. This paper shows how to use a top-level ontology to create robust and logically coherent definitions formally using the top-level terms whose seman- tics was specified rigorously in a logic-based top

  16. Structural Basis of Oncogenic Activation Caused by Point Mutations in the Kinase Domain of the MET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    formation in nude mice. Some mutations caused transformation of NIH 3T3 cells. To elucidate the mechanism-type and mutated MET catalytic core domains. Analysis of these structures showed thatsomemutations(e.g.,V1110I flexibility at the critical points of the tertiary structure and facilitate subdomain movements. Mutation D

  17. Magnetic domain structure in nanocrystalline Ni-Zn-Co spinel ferrite thin films using off-axis electron holography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, D., E-mail: dzhang28@asu.edu [School of Engineering for Matter, Transport and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-6106 (United States); Ray, N. M.; Petuskey, W. T. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604 (United States); Smith, D. J.; McCartney, M. R. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1504 (United States)

    2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a study of the magnetic domain structure of nanocrystalline thin films of nickel-zinc ferrite. The ferrite films were synthesized using aqueous spin-spray coating at low temperature (?90?°C) and showed high complex permeability in the GHz range. Electron microscopy and microanalysis revealed that the films consisted of columnar grains with uniform chemical composition. Off-axis electron holography combined with magnetic force microscopy indicated a multi-grain domain structure with in-plane magnetization. The correlation between the magnetic domain morphology and crystal structure is briefly discussed.

  18. LHC RF System Time-Domain Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mastorides, T.; Rivetta, C.; /SLAC

    2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-linear time-domain simulations have been developed for the Positron-Electron Project (PEP-II) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). These simulations capture the dynamic behavior of the RF station-beam interaction and are structured to reproduce the technical characteristics of the system (noise contributions, non-linear elements, and more). As such, they provide useful results and insight for the development and design of future LLRF feedback systems. They are also a valuable tool for the study of diverse longitudinal beam dynamics effects such as coupled-bunch impedance driven instabilities and single bunch longitudinal emittance growth. Results from these studies and related measurements from PEP-II and LHC have been presented in multiple places. This report presents an example of the time-domain simulation implementation for the LHC.

  19. Budding of domains in mixed bilayer membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean Wolff; Shigeyuki Komura; David Andelman

    2015-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a model that accounts for budding behavior of domains in lipid bilayers, where each of the bilayer leaflets has a coupling between its local curvature and local lipid composition. The compositional asymmetry between the two monolayers leads to an overall spontaneous curvature. The membrane free-energy contains three contributions: bending energy, line tension, and a Landau free-energy for a lateral phase separation. Within a mean-field treatment, we obtain various phase diagrams which contain fully-budded, dimpled and flat states. In particular, for some range of membrane parameters, the phase diagrams exhibit a tricritical behavior as well as three-phase coexistence region. The global phase diagrams can be divided into three types and are analyzed in terms of the curvature-composition coupling parameter and domain size.

  20. Quantum Fusion of Domain Walls with Fluxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Bolognesi; M. Shifman; M. B. Voloshin

    2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study how fluxes on the domain wall world volume modify quantum fusion of two distant parallel domain walls into a composite wall. The elementary wall fluxes can be separated into parallel and antiparallel components. The parallel component affects neither the binding energy nor the process of quantum merger. The antiparallel fluxes, instead, increase the binding energy and, against naive expectations, suppress quantum fusion. In the small flux limit we explicitly find the bounce solution and the fusion rate as a function of the flux. We argue that at large (antiparallel) fluxes there exists a critical value of the flux (versus the difference in the wall tensions), which switches off quantum fusion altogether. This phenomenon of flux-related wall stabilization is rather peculiar: it is unrelated to any conserved quantity. Our consideration of the flux-related all stabilization is based on substantiated arguments that fall short of complete proof.

  1. Light quark masses using domain wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Blum; Amarjit Soni; Matthew Wingate

    1998-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the one-loop self-energy correction to the massive domain wall quark propagator. Combining this calculation with simulations at several gauge couplings, we estimate the strange quark mass in the continuum limit. The perturbative one-loop mass renormalization is comparable to that for Wilson quarks and considerably smaller than that for Kogut-Susskind quarks. Also, scaling violations appear mild in comparison to other errors at present. Given their good chiral behavior and these features, domain wall quarks are attractive for evaluating the light quark masses. Our preliminary quenched result is m_s(2 GeV) = 82(15) MeV in the ${\\bar{MS}}$ scheme.

  2. Electrical signature of magnetic domain-wall dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Y.; Tretiakov, O. A.; Abanov, Artem.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current-induced domain-wall dynamics is studied in a thin ferromagnetic nanowire. The domain-wall dynamics is described by simple equations with four parameters. We propose a procedure to unambiguously determine these parameters by all...

  3. Examples of integral domains inside power series rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tx is flat, the associated nested union domain B is Noetherian. ..... Intermediate rings between a local domain and its completion, Illinois J. Math. 43 (1999) ... Department of Mathematics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1395.

  4. Domain growth in cholesteric blue phases: hybrid lattice Boltzmann simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Henrich; D. Marenduzzo; K. Stratford; M. E. Cates

    2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we review a hybrid lattice Boltzmann algorithm to solve the equations of motion of cholesteric liquid crystals. The method consists in coupling a lattice Boltzmann solver for the Navier-Stokes equation to a finite difference method to solve the dynamical equations governing the evolution of the liquid crystalline order parameter. We apply this method to study the growth of cholesteric blue phase domains, within a cholesteric phase. We focus on the growth of blue phase II and on a thin slab geometry in which the domain wall is flat. Our results show that, depending on the chirality, the growing blue phase is either BPII with no or few defects, or another structure with hexagonal ordering. We hope that our simulations will spur further experimental investigations on quenches in micron-size blue phase samples. The computational size that our hybrid lattice Boltzmann scheme can handle suggest that large scale simulations of new generation of blue phase liquid crystal device are within reach.

  5. Pinning induced by inter-domain wall interactions in planar magnetic nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayward, T.J.; Bryan, M.T.; Fry, P.W.; Fundi, P.M.; Gibbs, M.R.J.; Allwood, D.A.; Im, M.-Y.; Fischer, P.

    2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated pinning potentials created by inter-domain wall magnetostatic interactions in planar magnetic nanowires. We show that these potentials can take the form of an energy barrier or an energy well depending on the walls' relative monopole moments, and that the applied magnetic fields required to overcome these potentials are significant. Both transverse and vortex wall pairs are investigated and it is found that transverse walls interact more strongly due to dipolar coupling between their magnetization structures. Simple analytical models which allow the effects of inter-domain wall interactions to be estimated are also presented.

  6. Hodge-Helmholtz Decompositions of Weighted Sobolev Spaces in Irregular Exterior Domains with Inhomogeneous and Anisotropic Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dirk Pauly

    2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study in detail Hodge-Helmholtz decompositions in non-smooth exterior domains filled with inhomogeneous and anisotropic media. We show decompositions of alternating differential forms belonging to weighted Sobolev spaces into irrotational and solenoidal forms. These decompositions are essential tools, for example, in electro-magnetic theory for exterior domains. In the appendix we translate our results to the classical framework of vector analysis.

  7. WELL-CENTERED OVERRINGS OF AN INTEGRAL DOMAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinzer, William

    WELL-CENTERED OVERRINGS OF AN INTEGRAL DOMAIN William Heinzer Department of Mathematics, Purdue of A if and only if B is flat and well-centered over A. If the integral closure of A is a Krull domain in Theorem 3.6 that every finitely generated well-centered over- ring of an integrally closed domain is flat

  8. The Description Logic ALCN HR+ Extended with Concrete Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    The Description Logic ALCN HR+ Extended with Concrete Domains: A Practically Motivated Approach, role hierarchies, transitively closed roles, generalized concept inclusions, and concrete domains. As in other languages based on concrete domains (e.g. ALC(D)) a so-called ex- istential predicate restriction

  9. Adapting Optimization Techniques to Description Logics with Concrete Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haarslev, Volker

    Adapting Optimization Techniques to Description Logics with Concrete Domains Anni-Yasmin Turhan backtracking and model merging can be adapted to description logics with concrete domains. We propose al) a new requirement for concrete domains in order to enable dependency directed backtracking for all clash

  10. The Description Logic ALCNHR + Extended with Concrete Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haarslev, Volker

    The Description Logic ALCNHR + Extended with Concrete Domains: A Practically Motivated Approach restrictions, role hierarchies, transitively closed roles, generalized concept inclusions, and concrete domains. As in other languages based on concrete domains (e.g. ALC(D)) a so­called ex­ istential predicate restriction

  11. Adapting Optimization Techniques to Description Logics with Concrete Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haarslev, Volker

    Adapting Optimization Techniques to Description Logics with Concrete Domains Anni­Yasmin Turhan backtracking and model merging can be adapted to description logics with concrete domains. We propose al) a new requirement for concrete domains in order to enable dependency directed backtracking for all clash

  12. Substrate Clamping Effects on Irreversible Domain Wall Dynamics in Lead Zirconate Titanate Thin Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griggio, Flavio [ORNL; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL; Kumar, Amit [ORNL; Ovchinnikov, Oleg S [ORNL; Kim, H. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Jackson, T. N. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Damjanovic, Dragan [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Trolier-Mckinstry, Susan E [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The role of long-range strain interactions on domain wall dynamics is explored through macroscopic and local measurements of nonlinear behavior in mechanically clamped and released polycrystalline lead zirconate-titanate (PZT) films. Released films show a dramatic change in the global dielectric nonlinearity and its frequency dependence as a function of mechanical clamping. Furthermore, we observe a transition from strong clustering of the nonlinear response for the clamped case to almost uniform nonlinearity for the released film. This behavior is ascribed to increased mobility of domain walls. These results suggest the dominant role of collective strain interactions mediated by the local and global mechanical boundary conditions on the domain wall dynamics. The work presented in this Letter demonstrates that measurements on clamped films may considerably underestimate the piezoelectric coefficients and coupling constants of released structures used in microelectromechanical systems, energy harvesting systems, and microrobots.

  13. A Fourier penalty method for solving the time dependent Maxwell's equations in domains with curved boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galagusz, Ryan; Nave, Jean-Christophe

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a high order, Fourier penalty method for the Maxwell's equations in the vicinity of perfect electric conductor boundary conditions. The approach relies on extending the irregular non-periodic domain of the equations to a regular periodic domain by removing the exact boundary conditions and introducing an analytic forcing term in the extended domain. The forcing, or penalty term is chosen to systematically enforce the boundary conditions to high order in the penalty parameter, which then allows for higher order numerical methods. We present an efficient numerical method for constructing the penalty term, and discretize the resulting equations using a Fourier spectral method. We demonstrate convergence orders of up to 3.5 for the one dimensional Maxwell's equations, and show that the numerical method does not suffer from dispersion (or pollution) errors. We also illustrate the approach in two dimensions and demonstrate convergence orders of 2.5 for transverse magnetic modes and 1.5 for the transverse...

  14. Long-range Fourier domain optical coherence tomography of the pediatric subglottis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cat e/ijp o r l Long-range Fourier domain optical coherencechild remains intubated. Fourier domain optical coherencesec). Frequency, or ‘‘Fourier’’, domain swept source OCT (

  15. Crossed-ratchet effects and domain wall geometrical pinning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. I. Marconi; A. B. Kolton; J. A. Capitan; J. A. Cuesta; A. Perez-Junquera; M. Velez; J. I. Martin; J. M. R. Parrondo

    2010-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The motion of a domain wall in a two dimensional medium is studied taking into account the internal elastic degrees of freedom of the wall and geometrical pinning produced both by holes and sample boundaries. This study is used to analyze the geometrical conditions needed for optimizing crossed ratchet effects in periodic rectangular arrays of asymmetric holes, recently observed experimentally in patterned ferromagnetic films. Geometrical calculations and numerical simulations have been used to obtain the anisotropic critical fields for depinning flat and kinked walls in rectangular arrays of triangles. The aim is to show with a generic elastic model for interfaces how to build a rectifier able to display crossed ratchet effects or effective potential landscapes for controlling the motion of interfaces or invasion fronts.

  16. Limit Domains in Several Complex Variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Console, Alexander

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    sequence of automor- phisms" in [Fornćss & Stensřnes, 2004], both the approaches to constructing Fatou-Bieberbach domains discussed above can be seen as constructing basins of attraction. We will not pursue this viewpoint. 3.2 Push-Out Constructions... n ? N and z ??n and k > m? n. Then writing w = Gm(z) ? Dm, a) and b) 17 imply |Gk(z)?Gm(z)|= |Hk ?Hk?1 ? · · · ?Hm+1(w)?w| ? |w?Hm+1(w)|+ |Hm+1(w)?Hm+2(Hm+1(w))| + · · ·+ |Hk?1 ? · · · ?Hm+1(w)?Hk(Hk?1 ? · · · ?Hm+1(w))| < ?m 2m + ?m+1 2m+1...

  17. Melting Instantons, Domain Walls, and Large N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. B. Thacker

    2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Monte Carlo studies of $CP^{N-1}$ sigma models have shown that the structure of topological charge in these models undergoes a sharp transition at $N=N_c\\approx 4$. For $NN_c$ it is dominated by extended, thin, 1-dimensionally coherent membranes of topological charge, which can be interpreted as domain walls between discrete quasi-stable vacua. These vacua differ by a unit of background electric flux. The transition can be identified as the delocalization of topological charge, or "instanton melting," a phenomenon first suggested by Witten to resolve the conflict between instantons and large $N$ behavior. Implications for $QCD$ are discussed.

  18. Lattice gas simulations of replicating domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dawson, S.P.; Hasslacher, B.; Pearson, J.E.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the lattice gas cellular automation (LGCA) developed to simulate a process of pattern-formation recently observed in reaction-diffusion systems. We study the reaction mechanism, which is an extension of the Selkov model for glycolytic oscillations. We are able to reproduce the self-replicating domains observed in this work. We use the LGCA simulation to estimate the smallest length-scale on which this process can occur under conditions encountered in the cell. These estimates are similar to those obtained for Turing patterns in the same setting.

  19. Detecting Networks Employing Algorithmically Generated Domain Names

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashwath Kumar Krishna Reddy

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    . 15 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Probability of occurrenc e Alphanumeric characters Malicious (Kraken) Malicious (Kwyjibo) Malicious (randomly generated... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 V RESULTS : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 30 5.1 Per-domain analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 5.1.1 Data set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 5.1.2 K...

  20. Control of domain wall pinning by localised focused Ga?{sup +} ion irradiation on Au capped NiFe nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burn, D. M., E-mail: d.burn@imperial.ac.uk; Atkinson, D. [Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham (United Kingdom)

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding domain wall pinning and propagation in nanowires are important for future spintronics and nanoparticle manipulation technologies. Here, the effects of microscopic local modification of the magnetic properties, induced by focused-ion-beam intermixing, in NiFe/Au bilayer nanowires on the pinning behavior of domain walls was investigated. The effects of irradiation dose and the length of the irradiated features were investigated experimentally. The results are considered in the context of detailed quasi-static micromagnetic simulations, where the ion-induced modification was represented as a local reduction of the saturation magnetization. Simulations show that domain wall pinning behavior depends on the magnitude of the magnetization change, the length of the modified region, and the domain wall structure. Comparative analysis indicates that reduced saturation magnetisation is not solely responsible for the experimentally observed pinning behavior.

  1. Fold of the conserved DTC domain in deltex proteins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obiero, Josiah; Walker, John R.; Dhe-Paganon, Sirano (Toronto)

    2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Human Deltex 3-like (DTX3L) is a member of the Deltex family of proteins. Initially identified as a B-lymphoma and BAL-associated protein, DTX3L is an E3 ligase that regulates subcellular localization of its partner protein, BAL, by a dynamic nucleocytoplasmic trafficking mechanism. Unlike other members of the Deltex family of proteins, DTX3L lacks the highly basic N-terminal motif and the central proline-rich motif present in other Deltex proteins, and instead contains other unique N-terminal domains. The C-terminal domains are, however, homologous with other members of the Deltex family of proteins; these include a RING domain and a previously unidentified C-terminal domain. In this study, we report the high-resolution crystal structure of this previously uncharacterized C-terminal domain of human DTX3L, which we term the Deltex C-terminal domain.

  2. Birefringence insensitive optical coherence domain reflectometry system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Everett, Matthew J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Joseph G. (Lafayette, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A birefringence insensitive fiber optic optical coherence domain reflectometry (OCDR) system is provided containing non-polarization maintaining (non-PM) fiber in the sample arm and the reference arm without suffering from signal degradation caused by birefringence. The use of non-PM fiber significantly reduces the cost of the OCDR system and provides a disposable or multiplexed section of the sample arm. The dispersion in the reference arm and sample arm of the OCDR system are matched to achieve high resolution imaging. This system is useful in medical applications or for non-medical in situ probes. The disposable section of non-PM fiber in the sample arm can be conveniently replaced when contaminated by a sample or a patient.

  3. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Glass Mountain Area (Cumming...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Glass Mountain Area (Cumming And Mackie, 2007) Exploration Activity Details Location Glass...

  4. apolipoprotein domain derived: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of humans and computers, domain spe- cific APIs contain a considerable amount Ratiu, Daniel 265 www.mdpi.comjournalijms Proteolytic Cleavage of Apolipoprotein E4 as the...

  5. antiphase domain boundaries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Absorbing Boundary Condition, Domain Decomposition and Hydrodynamic Wave Model O. Wilk Introduction. appli. (wave equation) Num. appli. (hydro. wave model)...

  6. Quantifying the mechanisms of domain gain in animal proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buljan, Marija; Frankish, Adam; Bateman, Alex

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    , if a domain gain is reported in the genomes with better quality annotations it could be that in the genomes of lower quality the domain is missing only due to incomplete annotation. To investigate the possible extent of errors introduced by the first... by this error. Namely, domain gains that occurred in the human lineage after the divergence of vertebrates (121 reported domain gain events) can have on one side well studied genomes as human and mouse and on the other side, as an outgroup, lower quality...

  7. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Colorado School of Mines and Imperial College London, 2011) Exploration Activity Details Location Neal...

  8. Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics At Neal Hot...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Source Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date 2011 - 2011 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Electromagnetic surveys were conducted to gain a better...

  9. National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: National Geothermal...

  10. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Southwest Rift And South Flank Area (Thomas, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea...

  11. Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition and Nanoscale Size Distribution Explains Performance in Solar Cells Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of...

  12. Enhancement of disoriented chiral condensate domains with friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    1999-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the effect of friction on domain formation in disoriented chiral condensate. Including a friction term, we solve the equation of motion of the linear sigma model fields, in the Hartree approximation. With boost-invariance and cylinderical symmetry, irrespective of friction, on average, we donot find any indication of domain like formation with quenched initial condition. However, with or without friction, some events can be found with large instabilities, indicating possible DCC domain formation in those events. With friction time scale during which instabilities grows increases. Correspondingly, with friction, it is possible to obtain large sized domains in some particular events.

  13. Ultrabroadband coherence-domain imaging using parametric downconversion and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teich, Malvin C.

    Ultrabroadband coherence-domain imaging using parametric downconversion and superconducting single lithium tantalate (chirped-PPSLT) structure, in conjunction with a niobium nitride superconducting single

  14. Time domain analysis of a gyrotron traveling wave amplifier with misaligned electron beam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Qiushi, E-mail: qiushiwork@gmail.com; Peng, Shuyuan [Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2652, Beijing 100080 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Luo, Jirun [Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2652, Beijing 100080 (China)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article develops a time-domain theory to study the beam-wave interaction in gyrotron traveling wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) with a misaligned electron beam. The effects of beam misalignment on the TE{sub 01} mode gyro-TWA operating at the fundamental are discussed. Numerical results show that the effect of misalignment is less obvious when the input power is larger, and the influences of misalignment on the stable gain and the stable time are basically opposite.

  15. The Aichelburg-Sexl Boost of Domain-Walls and Cosmic Strings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Barrabes; P. A. Hogan; W. Israel

    2002-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the application of the Aichelburg-Sexl boost to plane and line distributions of matter. Our analysis shows that for a domain wall the space-time after the boost is flat except on a null hypersurface which is the history of a null shell. For a cosmic string we study the influence of the boost on the conical singularity and give the new value of the conical deficit.

  16. Boundary Conditions of the Hydro-Cascade Model and Relativistic Kinetic Equations for Finite Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. A. Bugaev

    2004-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed analysis of the coupled relativistic kinetic equations for two domains separated by a hypersurface having both space- and time-like parts is presented. Integrating the derived set of transport equations, we obtain the correct system of the hydro+cascade equations to model the relativistic nuclear collision process. Remarkably, the conservation laws on the boundary between domains conserve separately both the incoming and outgoing components of energy, momentum and baryonic charge. Thus, the relativistic kinetic theory generates twice the number of conservation laws compared to traditional hydrodynamics. Our analysis shows that these boundary conditions between domains, the three flux discontinuity, can be satisfied only by a special superposition of two cut-off distribution functions for the ``out'' domain. All these results are applied to the case of the phase transition between quark gluon plasma and hadronic matter. The possible consequences for an improved hydro+cascade description of the relativistic nuclear collisions are discussed. The unique properties of the three flux discontinuity and their effect on the space-time evolution of the transverse expansion are also analyzed. The possible modifications of both transversal radii from pion correlations generated by a correct hydro+cascade approach are discussed.

  17. Suppression of stochastic pinning in magnetic nanowire devices using “virtual” domain walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodges, M. P. P.; Hayward, T. J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield (United Kingdom); Bryan, M. T. [Department of Cardiovascular Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield (United Kingdom); Fry, P. W. [Nanoscience and Technology Centre, University of Sheffield, Sheffield (United Kingdom); Im, M.-Y. [Center for X-ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology, Daegu 711-873 (Korea, Republic of); Fischer, P. [Center for X-ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 94056 (United States)

    2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated the pinning and depinning of “virtual” domain walls in planar magnetic nanowires. Such virtual walls are created when a conventional domain wall becomes annihilated at a narrow gap between two segments of a discontinuous nanowire. By using focused magneto-optical Kerr effect magnetometry to study the repeatability of their depinning, we show that virtual walls exhibit single-mode depinning distributions, characterized by remarkably low, sub-Oersted standard deviations. This is in stark contrast to the depinning of domain walls from conventional notch-shaped defects, which typically exhibit multi-mode depinning field distributions spanning tens to hundreds of Oersteds. High-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy measurements are used to reveal that this high level of repeatability is the result of a simple mediated-nucleation process, which decouples the depinning mechanism from structure of the initially injected DWs. Our work serves as an example of how the complex and dynamical stochastic behaviors exhibited by domain walls in nanowires can be controlled.

  18. Crystal Structure and Functional Interpretation of the Erythrocyte spectrin Tetramerization Domain Complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J Ipsaro; S Harper; T Messick; R Marmorstein; A Mondragon; D Speicher

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    As the principal component of the membrane skeleton, spectrin confers integrity and flexibility to red cell membranes. Although this network involves many interactions, the most common hemolytic anemia mutations that disrupt erythrocyte morphology affect the spectrin tetramerization domains. Although much is known clinically about the resulting conditions (hereditary elliptocytosis and pyropoikilocytosis), the detailed structural basis for spectrin tetramerization and its disruption by hereditary anemia mutations remains elusive. Thus, to provide further insights into spectrin assembly and tetramer site mutations, a crystal structure of the spectrin tetramerization domain complex has been determined. Architecturally, this complex shows striking resemblance to multirepeat spectrin fragments, with the interacting tetramer site region forming a central, composite repeat. This structure identifies conformational changes in {alpha}-spectrin that occur upon binding to {beta}-spectrin, and it reports the first structure of the {beta}-spectrin tetramerization domain. Analysis of the interaction surfaces indicates an extensive interface dominated by hydrophobic contacts and supplemented by electrostatic complementarity. Analysis of evolutionarily conserved residues suggests additional surfaces that may form important interactions. Finally, mapping of hereditary anemia-related mutations onto the structure demonstrate that most, but not all, local hereditary anemia mutations map to the interacting domains. The potential molecular effects of these mutations are described.

  19. Crystal structure and functional interpretation of the erythrocyte spectrin tetramerization domain complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ipsaro, Jonathan J.; Harper, Sandra L.; Messick, Troy E.; Marmorstein, Ronen; Mondragón, Alfonso; Speicher, David W. (Wistar); (NWU)

    2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    As the principal component of the membrane skeleton, spectrin confers integrity and flexibility to red cell membranes. Although this network involves many interactions, the most common hemolytic anemia mutations that disrupt erythrocyte morphology affect the spectrin tetramerization domains. Although much is known clinically about the resulting conditions (hereditary elliptocytosis and pyropoikilocytosis), the detailed structural basis for spectrin tetramerization and its disruption by hereditary anemia mutations remains elusive. Thus, to provide further insights into spectrin assembly and tetramer site mutations, a crystal structure of the spectrin tetramerization domain complex has been determined. Architecturally, this complex shows striking resemblance to multirepeat spectrin fragments, with the interacting tetramer site region forming a central, composite repeat. This structure identifies conformational changes in {alpha}-spectrin that occur upon binding to {beta}-spectrin, and it reports the first structure of the {beta}-spectrin tetramerization domain. Analysis of the interaction surfaces indicates an extensive interface dominated by hydrophobic contacts and supplemented by electrostatic complementarity. Analysis of evolutionarily conserved residues suggests additional surfaces that may form important interactions. Finally, mapping of hereditary anemia-related mutations onto the structure demonstrate that most, but not all, local hereditary anemia mutations map to the interacting domains. The potential molecular effects of these mutations are described.

  20. Comparison of signal to noise ratios from spatial and frequency domain formulations of nonprewhitening model observers in digital mammography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sisini, Francesco; Zanca, Federica; Marshall, Nicholas W.; Taibi, Angelo; Cardarelli, Paolo; Bosmans, Hilde [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy and (Italy); Department of Radiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium); Department of Radiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium); Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, I-44122 Ferrara (Italy); Department of Radiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Image quality indices based upon model observers are promising alternatives to laborious human readings of contrast-detail images. This is especially appealing in digital mammography as limiting values for contrast thresholds determine, according to some international protocols, the acceptability of these systems in the radiological practice. The objective of the present study was to compare the signal to noise ratios (SNR) obtained with two nonprewhitening matched filter model observer approaches, one in the spatial domain and the other in the frequency domain, and with both of them worked out for disks as present in the CDMAM phantom. Methods: The analysis was performed using images acquired with the Siemens Novation and Inspiration digital mammography systems. The spatial domain formulation uses a series of high dose CDMAM images as the signal and a routine exposure of two flood images to calculate the covariance matrix. The frequency domain approach uses the mathematical description of a disk and modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise power spectrum (NPS) calculated from images. Results: For both systems most of the SNR values calculated in the frequency domain were in very good agreement with the SNR values calculated in the spatial domain. Both the formulations in the frequency domain and in the spatial domain show a linear relationship between SNR and the diameter of the CDMAM discs. Conclusions: The results suggest that both formulations of the model observer lead to very similar figures of merit. This is a step forward in the adoption of figures of merit based on NPS and MTF for the acceptance testing of mammography systems.

  1. Efficient Pruning of Operators in Planning Domains Anders Jonsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonsson, Anders

    of individual state variables and performs search in the graphs to identify re­ dundant operators. We prove.jonsson@upf.edu Abstract. Many recent successful planners use domain­independent heuristics to speed up the search domains demonstrate that our algorithm can reduce the number of operators as well as speed up search. 1

  2. Efficient Pruning of Operators in Planning Domains Anders Jonsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonsson, Anders

    of individual state variables and performs search in the graphs to identify re- dundant operators. We prove.jonsson@upf.edu Abstract. Many recent successful planners use domain-independent heuristics to speed up the search domains demonstrate that our algorithm can reduce the number of operators as well as speed up search. 1

  3. NExpTime-complete Description Logics with Concrete Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baader, Franz

    that reasoning with the concrete do- main D (i.e., testing the satis#12;ability of #12;nite conjunctionsChapter 1 NExpTime-complete Description Logics with Concrete Domains Carsten Lutz Abstract. Description Logics (DLs) incorporating concrete domains are useful formalisms for integrated reasoning about

  4. Vector dark domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Zhang; D. Y. Tang; L. M. Zhao; R. J. Knize

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We observe a novel type of vector dark soliton in a fiber ring laser. The vector dark soliton consists of stable localized structures separating the two orthogonal linear polarization eigenstates of the laser emission and is visible only when the total laser emission is measured. Moreover, polarization domain splitting and moving polarization domain walls (PDWs) were also experimentally observed.

  5. WELL-CENTERED OVERRINGS OF AN INTEGRAL DOMAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinzer, William

    WELL-CENTERED OVERRINGS OF AN INTEGRAL DOMAIN is a localization of A if and only if B is flat and well-centered over A. If the integral clo* *sure.3 that a simple flat well-centered overring of an integral domain A is a localization of A. If the integral

  6. NExpTime-complete Description Logics with Concrete Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baader, Franz

    NExpTime-complete Description Logics with Concrete Domains Carsten Lutz LuFG Theoretical Computer Science RWTH Aachen, Germany lutz@cs.rwth-aachen.de Abstract. Concrete domains are an extension \\concrete properties" of objects such as sizes, weights, and durations. It is known that reasoning with ALC

  7. LNG FEM: Graded Meshes on Domains of Polygonal Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nistor, Victor

    LNG FEM: Graded Meshes on Domains of Polygonal Structures Hengguang Li and Victor Nistor Abstract. We develop LNG FEM, a software package for graded mesh generation and for solving elliptic equations. LNG FEM gen- erates user-specified graded meshes on arbitrary 2D domains with straight edges

  8. Measuring Availability in the Domain Name System Casey Deccio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Measuring Availability in the Domain Name System Casey Deccio Sandia National Laboratories ctdecci to Inter- net functionality. The availability of a domain name refers to its ability to be resolved correctly. We develop a model for server dependencies that is used as a basis for measuring availability. We

  9. Stripe Domain-Structures in a Thin Ferromagnetic Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KASHUBA, AB; Pokrovsky, Valery L.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a theory of the stripe domain structure in a thin ferromagnetic film with single-ion easy-axis magnetic anisotropy and long-range dipole interactions, for a wide range of temperatures and applied magnetic field. The domains exist...

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Single ferroelectric-domain photovoltaic switch based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Moon-Ho

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Single ferroelectric-domain photovoltaic switch based on lateral BiFeO3 cells Ji serves as a basis for solid-state memory. This phenomenon can also yield an interesting photovoltaic imposed by the ferroelectric polarization vectors. Here, we demonstrate a single-domain photovoltaic

  11. Important Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    the subject-specific terms to enter in a query. For example, many university students often buy electronicImportant Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge Suresh K. Bhavnani School Many users have acquired a sophisticated understanding of searching the Web in specific domains

  12. Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to ProgrammingLanguage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, David A.

    Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to Programming­Language Engineering David A's contributions---inductive defini­ tion of semantics, semantic­domain definitions, and calculi for semantic description---are presented, and their consequences on languages research are described. Strachey's impact

  13. Expanded polyglutamine domain possesses nuclear export activity which modulates subcellular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Darren

    experiments, were ana- lyzed. Mammalian cell culture HEK293 cells were cultured at 378C with 5% CO2 in high,16). To investigate the nuclear transport property of expanded polyQ domain per se, we initially took advantage then focused on elucidating the nuclear export property of an expanded polyQ domain and its associated

  14. Knowledge Transformation for Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tao

    Knowledge Transformation for Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification Tao Li School of Computer With the explosion of user-generated web2.0 content in the form of blogs, wikis and discussion forums, the Internet domain, thereby build- ing high-quality sentiment models without manual effort? We outline a novel

  15. CONSTRUCTIVE DOMAIN THEORY AS A BRANCH OF INTUITIONISTIC POINTFREE TOPOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valentini, Silvio

    in early 80's proposed in [Scott 81a], [Scott 82] and [Scott 81b] more intuitive presentations of domains Valentini, Paolo Virgili Dipartimento di Matematica Pura e Applicata Universit`a di Padova Abstract theory. Technically, they form a category which is equivalent to the category of Scott domains

  16. Catheter guided by optical coherence domain reflectometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Everett, Matthew (Pleasanton, CA); Colston, Billy W. (Livermore, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A guidance and viewing system based on multiplexed optical coherence domain reflectometry is incorporated into a catheter, endoscope, or other medical device to measure the location, thickness, and structure of the arterial walls or other intra-cavity regions at discrete points on the medical device during minimally invasive medical procedures. The information will be used both to guide the device through the body and to evaluate the tissue through which the device is being passed. Multiple optical fibers are situated along the circumference of the device. Light from the distal end of each fiber is directed onto the interior cavity walls via small diameter optics (such as gradient index lenses and mirrored corner cubes). Both forward viewing and side viewing fibers can be included. The light reflected or scattered from the cavity walls is then collected by the fibers and multiplexed at the proximal end to the sample arm of an optical low coherence reflectometer. The system may also be implemented in a nonmedical inspection device.

  17. Data challenges of time domain astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Matthew J; Mahabal, Ashish; Donalek, Ciro; Drake, Andrew; Longo, Giuseppe

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Astronomy has been at the forefront of the development of the techniques and methodologies of data intensive science for over a decade with large sky surveys and distributed efforts such as the Virtual Observatory. However, it faces a new data deluge with the next generation of synoptic sky surveys which are opening up the time domain for discovery and exploration. This brings both new scientific opportunities and fresh challenges, in terms of data rates from robotic telescopes and exponential complexity in linked data, but also for data mining algorithms used in classification and decision making. In this paper, we describe how an informatics-based approach-part of the so-called "fourth paradigm" of scientific discovery-is emerging to deal with these. We review our experiences with the Palomar-Quest and Catalina Real-Time Transient Sky Surveys; in particular, addressing the issue of the heterogeneity of data associated with transient astronomical events (and other sensor networks) and how to manage and analy...

  18. Dual-domain lateral shearing interferometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Naulleau, Patrick P.; Goldberg, Kenneth Alan

    2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer (PS/PDI) was developed to address the problem of at-wavelength metrology of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) optical systems. Although extremely accurate, the fact that the PS/PDI is limited to use with coherent EUV sources, such as undulator radiation, is a drawback for its widespread use. An alternative to the PS/PDI, with relaxed coherence requirements, is lateral shearing interferometry (LSI). The use of a cross-grating, carrier-frequency configuration to characterize a large-field 4.times.-reduction EUV lithography optic is demonstrated. The results obtained are directly compared with PS/PDI measurements. A defocused implementation of the lateral shearing interferometer in which an image-plane filter allows both phase-shifting and Fourier wavefront recovery. The two wavefront recovery methods can be combined in a dual-domain technique providing suppression of noise added by self-interference of high-frequency components in the test-optic wavefront.

  19. Cauchy's formulas for random walks in bounded domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazzolo, Alain, E-mail: alain.mazzolo@cea.fr; Zoia, Andrea, E-mail: andrea.zoia@cea.fr [CEA/Saclay, DEN/DANS/DM2S/SERMA/LTSD, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Mulatier, Clélia de, E-mail: clelia.demulatier@cea.fr [CEA/Saclay, DEN/DANS/DM2S/SERMA/LTSD, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette and CNRS - Université Paris-Sud, LPTMS, UMR8626, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cauchy's formula was originally established for random straight paths crossing a body B?R{sup n} and basically relates the average chord length through B to the ratio between the volume and the surface of the body itself. The original statement was later extended in the context of transport theory so as to cover the stochastic paths of Pearson random walks with exponentially distributed flight lengths traversing a bounded domain. Some heuristic arguments suggest that Cauchy's formula may also hold true for Pearson random walks with arbitrarily distributed flight lengths. For such a broad class of stochastic processes, we rigorously derive a generalized Cauchy's formula for the average length traveled by the walkers in the body, and show that this quantity depends indeed only on the ratio between the volume and the surface, provided that some constraints are imposed on the entrance step of the walker in B. Similar results are also obtained for the average number of collisions performed by the walker in B.

  20. Energy-momentum balance in particle - domain wall perforating collision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Gal'tsov; E. Yu. Melkumova; P. A. Spirin

    2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the energy-momentum balance in the perforating collision of a point particle with an infinitely thin planar domain wall within the linearized gravity in arbitrary dimensions. Since the metric of the wall increases with distance, the wall and the particle are never free, and their energy-momentum balance involves not only the instantaneous kinetic momenta, but also the non-local contribution of gravitational stresses. However, careful analysis shows that the stresses can be unambiguously divided between the colliding objects leading to definition of the gravitationally dressed momenta. These take into account for gravity in the same way as the potential energy does in the non-relativistic theory, but our treatment is fully relativistic. Another unusual feature of our problem is the non-vanishing flux of the total energy-momentum tensor through the lateral surface of the world tube. In this case the zero divergence of the energy-momentum tensor does not imply conservation of the total momentum defined as the integral over the space-like section of the tube. But one can still define the conservation low infinitesimally, passing to time derivatives of the momenta. Using this definition we establish the momentum balance in terms of the dressed particle and wall momenta.

  1. A frequency-domain transient stability criterion for normal contingencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marceau, R.J.; Rizzi, J.C. [Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Quebec (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Quebec (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Mailhot, R. [Hydro-Quebec, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)] [Hydro-Quebec, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a previous paper, a simple frequency-domain stability criterion was proposed for networks near the stability limit subjected to a 3-phase fault with no loss of line. The criterion can be summarized as follows: if a system is stable, the phase angle of the Fourier transform of a network`s transient voltage response exhibits a clockwise polar plot behavior at all buses (i.e. for increasing frequency); if the system is unstable, it exhibits a counterclockwise behavior in at least one location. Though these results are of interest, the criterion would be of greater practical use in mechanizing dynamic security analysis if it could be extended to the types of contingencies actually used in security analysis, namely normal contingencies. Normal contingencies are commonly defined as the loss of any element in a power system, either spontaneously or preceded by a fault, and such changes in topology impact post-contingency steady-state voltages in addition to their transient behavior. The present paper shows how such cases can be treated, thereby extending the applicable range of the criterion to normal contingencies.

  2. Cross-domain Paraphrasing For Improving Language Modelling Using Out-of-domain Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the CU-HTK LVCSR system for conversational telephone speech used in the 2004 DARPA EARS evaluation. The acoustic models were trained on approx- imately 2000 hours of Fisher conversational speech released by the LDC. A 59k recognition word list was used... - plexity optimized interpolation weights: the LDC Fisher acous- tic transcriptions, Fisher, of 20 million words (0.75), and the University Washington conversational web data [3], UWWeb of 525 million words (0.18), and the out-of-domain broadcast news data...

  3. Breaking the challenge of signal integrity using time-domain spoof surface plasmon polaritons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hao Chi; Zhang, Qian; Fan, Yifeng; Fu, Xiaojian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In modern integrated circuits and wireless communication systems/devices, three key features need to be solved simultaneously to reach higher performance and more compact size: signal integrity, interference suppression, and miniaturization. However, the above-mentioned requests are almost contradictory using the traditional techniques. To overcome this challenge, here we propose time-domain spoof surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) as the carrier of signals. By designing a special plasmonic waveguide constructed by printing two narrow corrugated metallic strips on the top and bottom surfaces of a dielectric substrate with mirror symmetry, we show that spoof SPPs are supported from very low frequency to the cutoff frequency with strong subwavelength effects, which can be converted to the time-domain SPPs. When two such plasmonic waveguides are tightly packed with deep-subwavelength separation, which commonly happens in the integrated circuits and wireless communications due to limited space, we demonstrate theo...

  4. Perturbative renormalization of the first moment of structure functions for domain-wall QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Capitani, Stefano [Institut fuer Physik, FB Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Graz, A-8010 Graz (Austria)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the domain-wall formulation of lattice fermions, we have computed the one-loop renormalization factors of one-link operators which measure the first nontrivial moment of the unpolarized, polarized, and transversity structure functions, in the flavor nonsinglet sector. The knowledge of these factors is necessary in order to extract physical numbers from domain-wall Monte Carlo simulations of parton distributions. We have automated the perturbative calculations by developing suitable FORM codes. The results show that in many instances the total renormalization factors are almost equal to one, and that hence the corresponding operators are, for the appropriate values of the Dirac mass M and the coupling g{sub 0}, practically unrenormalized.

  5. Calculation of the strange quark mass using domain wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Blum; Amarjit Soni; Matthew Wingate

    2000-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a first calculation of the strange quark mass using domain wall fermions. This paper contains an overview of the domain wall discretization and a pedagogical presentation of the perturbative calculation necessary for computing the mass renormalization. We combine the latter with numerical simulations to estimate the strange quark mass. Our final result in the quenched approximation is 95(26) MeV in the ${\\bar{MS}}$ scheme at a scale of 2 GeV. We find that domain wall fermions have a small perturbative mass renormalization, similar to Wilson quarks, and exhibit good scaling behavior.

  6. NMR structure of the N-terminal domain of the replication initiator protein DnaA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowery, Thomas J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NMR Structure of the N-terminal domain of the replication510-486-6059 Running title: N-terminal domain of DnaA Page 1and the specific role of the N-terminal domain remain poorly

  7. Parallel Algorithms for Time and Frequency Domain Circuit Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Wei

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    parallelization due to its explicit nature. For frequency-domain simulation, this dissertation presents a parallel harmonic balance approach, applicable to the steady-state and envelope-following analyses of both driven and autonomous circuits. The new approach...

  8. Log-domain circuit models of chemical reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandal, Soumyajit

    We exploit the detailed similarities between electronics and chemistry to develop efficient, scalable bipolar or subthreshold log-domain circuits that are dynamically equivalent to networks of chemical reactions. Our ...

  9. Probing the mechanism of 3D-domain swapping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Katherine Helen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    6. Schmid, F. X. (1992). Protein Folding. New York, Freeman.system for studying protein folding and domain swapping, wasa rate-limiting step in protein folding and unfolding, and

  10. Status Report on Protected Domains for Cyber Infrastructure Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irvine, Cynthia E.

    through the use of distributed, highly secure, protected domains. Instead of creating a costly physically, Network Security, Information Assurance 1 Introduction Currently, our national cyber infrastructure to the President for Cyber Space Security and Chairman, President's Critical Infrastructure Protection Board

  11. Distributed Kalman filtering compared to Fourier domain preconditioned conjugate gradient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greer, Julia R.

    Distributed Kalman filtering compared to Fourier domain preconditioned conjugate gradient for laser of the tomography problem. The second algorithm is the distributed Kalman filter (DKF) developed by Massioni et al

  12. Domain-specific Web Service Discovery with Service Class Descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocco, D; Caverlee, J; Liu, L; Critchlow, T J

    2005-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents DynaBot, a domain-specific web service discovery system. The core idea of the DynaBot service discovery system is to use domain-specific service class descriptions powered by an intelligent Deep Web crawler. In contrast to current registry-based service discovery systems--like the several available UDDI registries--DynaBot promotes focused crawling of the Deep Web of services and discovers candidate services that are relevant to the domain of interest. It uses intelligent filtering algorithms to match services found by focused crawling with the domain-specific service class descriptions. We demonstrate the capability of DynaBot through the BLAST service discovery scenario and describe our initial experience with DynaBot.

  13. Decisions on Multivariate Time Series: Combining Domain Knowledge with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jessica

    ), Coppock Guide (CG), Consumer Confidence point drop (CCD), ISM Manufacturing Survey (ISM), and Negative specifically, we take the template of conditions identified by domain experts--such template consists

  14. A time and frequency domain analysis of contrarian trading strategies/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Shomesh E

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis applies time and frequency domain analyses to a high-frequency market making strategy to study the profitability of liquidity provision over multiple time horizons from 1964 to 2013. Using daily returns and ...

  15. Journal of Computational Acoustics, FREQUENCY DOMAIN WAVE PROPAGATION MODELLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheen, Dongwoo

    #11;ect de gas, brine or oil and gas-brine or gas-oil pore uids on seismic velocities. NumericalJournal of Computational Acoustics, f c IMACS FREQUENCY DOMAIN WAVE PROPAGATION MODELLING

  16. A multi-domain process design and improvement framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicol, Robert A. (Robert Arthur), 1969-

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Processes in manufacturing, services, and healthcare are complex socio-technical systems composed of intricately sequenced activities supported by elements drawn from multiple domains. While many of these processes offer ...

  17. The Isolated Sixth Gelsolin Repeat and Headpiece Domain of Villin...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is an F-actin regulating, modular protein with a gelsolin-like core and a distinct C-terminal 'headpiece’ domain. Localized in the microvilli of the absorptive epithelium,...

  18. The Membrane-anchoring Domain of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with different domains of both EGF and HB-EGF. We found that ligands having the N-terminal extension of EGF could not bind to the EGFR, even when released from the membrane....

  19. Axion cosmology with long-lived domain walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiramatsu, Takashi [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Kawasaki, Masahiro; Saikawa, Ken'ichi [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-ha, Kashiwa City, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Sekiguchi, Toyokazu, E-mail: hiramatz@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp, E-mail: kawasaki@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: saikawa@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: sekiguti@a.phys.nagoya-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya City, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the cosmological constraints on axion models where the domain wall number is greater than one. In these models, multiple domain walls attached to strings are formed, and they survive for a long time. Their annihilation occurs due to the effects of explicit symmetry breaking term which might be raised by Planck-scale physics. We perform three-dimensional lattice simulations and compute the spectra of axions and gravitational waves produced by long-lived domain walls. Using the numerical results, we estimated relic density of axions and gravitational waves. We find that the existence of long-lived domain walls leads to the overproduction of cold dark matter axions, while the density of gravitational waves is too small to observe at the present time. Combining the results with other observational constraints, we find that the whole parameter region of models are excluded unless an unacceptable fine-tuning exists.

  20. Apron: A Library of Numerical Abstract Domains for Static Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miné, Antoine

    Polka convex polyhedra linear equalities PPL + Wrapper convex polyhedra linear congruences Abstraction toolbox- mensions in vector spaces. Nevertheless, the domains implemented in the PPL can be interfaced to Apron

  1. antiferromagnetic domain fluctuations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to the order parameter characterizing this process. R. Botet; M. Ploszajczak; A. Chbihi; B. Borderie; D. Durand; J. Frankland 2001-01-30 22 Time-Domain Detection of Weakly Coupled...

  2. Computations in Modules over Commutative Domains Alkiviadis G. Akritas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akritas, Alkiviadis G.

    of fractions K of this domain. The ring R may be canonically immersed in the field K. To solve a problem. More over this cost, in general, grows very quickly. For example, Gauss's method in the ring of integer

  3. The NMDA Receptor NR1 C1 Region Bound to Calmodulin: Structural Insights into Functional Differences between Homologous Domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ataman, Zeynep Akyol; Gakhar, Lokesh; Sorensen, Brenda R.; Hell, Johannes W.; Shea, Madeline A. (Iowa)

    2008-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Calmodulin (CaM) regulates tetrameric N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) by binding tightly to the C0 and C1 regions of its NR1 subunit. A crystal structure (2HQW; 1.96 {angstrom}) of calcium-saturated CaM bound to NR1C1 (peptide spanning 875-898) showed that NR1 S890, whose phosphorylation regulates membrane localization, was solvent protected, whereas the endoplasmic reticulum retention motif was solvent exposed. NR1 F880 filled the CaM C-domain pocket, whereas T886 was closest to the N-domain pocket. This 1-7 pattern was most similar to that in the CaM-MARCKS complex. Comparison of CaM-ligand wrap-around conformations identified a core tetrad of CaM C-domain residues (FLMM{sub C}) that contacted all ligands consistently. An identical tetrad of N-domain residues (FLMM{sub N}) made variable sets of contacts with ligands. This CaM-NR1C1 structure provides a foundation for designing mutants to test the role of CaM in NR1 trafficking as well as insights into how the homologous CaM domains have different roles in molecular recognition.

  4. Seismic attenuation studies using frequency domain synthetic seismograms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Theresa Meade

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SEISMIC ATTENUATION STUDIES USING FREQUENCY DOMAIN SYNTHETIC SEISMOGRAMS A Thesis by THERESA MEADE BUTLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1979 Major Subject: Geophysics SEISMIC ATTENUATION STUDIES USING FREQUENCY DOMAIN SYNTHETIC SEI SMOGRAMlS A Thesis by THERESA MEADE BUTLER Approved as to sty1e and content by: rman o Com ttee Head of epartmen (Member) Membe August 1979...

  5. Critical Ising interfaces in multiply-connected domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantin Izyurov

    2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a general result on convergence of interfaces in the critical planar Ising model to conformally invariant curves absolutely continuous with respect to SLE(3). Our setup includes multiple interfaces on arbitrary finitely connected domains, and we also treat the radial SLE case. In the case of simply and doubly connected domains, the limiting processes are described explicitly in terms of rational and elliptic functions, respectively.

  6. Amino-terminal domain stability mediates apolipoprotein E aggregation into neurotoxic fibrils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatters, Danny M; Zhong, Ning; Rutenber, Earl; Weisgraber, Karl H

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    et al. (2003) Carboxyl-terminal-truncated apolipoprotein E4the amino- and carboxyl-terminal domains. J. Biol. Chem. ,determined by the amino- terminal domain. Biochemistry, 39,

  7. Analysis of the hormone-binding domain of steroid receptors using chimeras generated by homologous recombination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, Elisabeth D. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20057 (United States); Pattabiraman, Nagarajan [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20057 (United States); Department of Oncology, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20057 (United States); Danielsen, Mark [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20057 (United States)]. E-mail: dan@bc.georgetown.edu

    2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The glucocorticoid receptor and the mineralocorticoid receptor are members of the steroid receptor family that exhibit ligand cross-reactivity. Specificity of steroid receptor action is investigated in the present work by the construction and characterization of chimeras between the glucocorticoid receptor and the mineralocorticoid receptor. We used an innovative approach to make novel steroid receptor proteins in vivo that in general, contrary to our expectations, show increased ligand specificity compared to the parental receptors. We describe a receptor that is specific for the potent synthetic glucocorticoid triamcinolone acetonide and does not bind aldosterone. A further set of chimeras has an increased ability to discriminate between ligands, responding potently to mineralocorticoids and only very weakly to synthetic glucocorticoids. A chimera with the fusion site in the hinge highlights the importance of the region between the DNA-binding and the hormone-binding domains since, unlike both the glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors, it only responds to mineralocorticoids. One chimera has reduced specificity in that it acts as a general corticoid receptor, responding to glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids with similar potency and efficacy. Our data suggest that regions of the glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptor hormone-binding domains are functionally non-reciprocal. We present transcriptional, hormone-binding, and structure-modeling evidence that suggests that receptor-specific interactions within and across domains mediate aspects of specificity in transcriptional responses to steroids.

  8. Conserved C-Terminal Domain of Spider Tubuliform Spidroin 1 Contributes to Extensibility in Synthetic Fibers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gnesa, Eric; Hsia, Yang; Yarger, Jeffery L.; Weber, Warner; Lin-Cereghino, Joan; Lin-Cereghino, Geoff; Tang, Simon; Agari, Kimiko; Vierra, Craig (AZU); (Pacific)

    2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Spider silk is renowned for its extraordinary mechanical properties, having a balance of high tensile strength and extensibility. To date, the majority of studies have focused on the production of dragline silks from synthetic spider silk gene products. Here we report the first mechanical analysis of synthetic egg case silk fibers spun from the Latrodectus hesperus tubuliform silk proteins, TuSp1 and ECP-2. We provide evidence that recombinant ECP-2 proteins can be spun into fibers that display mechanical properties similar to other synthetic spider silks. We also demonstrate that silks spun from recombinant thioredoxin-TuSp1 fusion proteins that contain the conserved C-terminal domain exhibit increased extensibility and toughness when compared to the identical fibers spun from fusion proteins lacking the C-terminus. Mechanical analyses reveal that the properties of synthetic tubuliform silks can be modulated by altering the postspin draw ratios of the fibers. Fibers subject to increased draw ratios showed elevated tensile strength and decreased extensibility but maintained constant toughness. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction studies indicate that postdrawn fibers containing the C-terminal domain of TuSp1 have more amorphous content when compared to fibers lacking the C-terminus. Taken together, these studies demonstrate that recombinant tubuliform spidroins that contain the conserved C-terminal domain with embedded protein tags can be effectively spun into fibers, resulting in similar tensile strength but increased extensibility relative to nontagged recombinant dragline silk proteins spun from equivalently sized proteins.

  9. The HPr Proteins from the Thermophile Bacillus stearothermophilus Can Form Domain-swapped Dimers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sridharan, Sudharsan; Razvi, Abbas; Scholtz, J. Martin; Sacchettini, James C. (TAM)

    2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of proteins from extremophilic organisms continues to generate interest in the field of protein folding because paradigms explaining the enhanced stability of these proteins still elude us and such studies have the potential to further our knowledge of the forces stabilizing proteins. We have undertaken such a study with our model protein HPr from a mesophile, Bacillus subtilis, and a thermophile, Bacillus stearothermophilus. We report here the high-resolution structures of the wild-type HPr protein from the thermophile and a variant, F29W. The variant proved to crystallize in two forms: a monomeric form with a structure very similar to the wild-type protein as well as a domain-swapped dimer. Interestingly, the structure of the domain-swapped dimer for HPr is very different from that observed for a homologous protein, Crh, from B. subtilis. The existence of a domain-swapped dimer has implications for amyloid formation and is consistent with recent results showing that the HPr proteins can form amyloid fibrils. We also characterized the conformational stability of the thermophilic HPr proteins using thermal and solvent denaturation methods and have used the high-resolution structures in an attempt to explain the differences in stability between the different HPr proteins. Finally, we present a detailed analysis of the solution properties of the HPr proteins using a variety of biochemical and biophysical methods.

  10. Structural Analyses of the Ankyrin Repeat Domain of TRPV6 and Related TRPV Ion Channels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phelps, C.B.; Huang, R.J.; Lishko, P.V.; Wang, R.R.; Gaudet, R. (Harvard)

    2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Transient receptor potential (TRP) proteins are cation channels composed of a transmembrane domain flanked by large N- and C-terminal cytoplasmic domains. All members of the vanilloid family of TRP channels (TRPV) possess an N-terminal ankyrin repeat domain (ARD). The ARD of mammalian TRPV6, an important regulator of calcium uptake and homeostasis, is essential for channel assembly and regulation. The 1.7 A crystal structure of the TRPV6-ARD reveals conserved structural elements unique to the ARDs of TRPV proteins. First, a large twist between the fourth and fifth repeats is induced by residues conserved in all TRPV ARDs. Second, the third finger loop is the most variable region in sequence, length and conformation. In TRPV6, a number of putative regulatory phosphorylation sites map to the base of this third finger. Size exclusion chromatography and crystal packing indicate that the TRPV6-ARD does not assemble as a tetramer and is monomeric in solution. Adenosine triphosphate-agarose and calmodulin-agarose pull-down assays show that the TRPV6-ARD does not interact with either ligand, indicating a different functional role for the TRPV6-ARD than in the paralogous thermosensitive TRPV1 channel. Similar biochemical findings are also presented for the highly homologous mammalian TRPV5-ARD. The implications of the structural and biochemical data on the role of the ankyrin repeats in different TRPV channels are discussed.

  11. New York Event to Show Bi-Partisan, International Support for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New York Event to Show Bi-Partisan, International Support for Geothermal Energy in America New York Event to Show Bi-Partisan, International Support for Geothermal Energy in...

  12. Structures and solution properties of two novel periplasmic sensor domains with c-type heme from chemotaxis proteins of Geobacter sulfurreducens : implications for signal transduction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pokkuluri, P. R.; Pessanha, M.; Londer, Y. Y.; Wood, S. J.; Duke, N. E. C.; Wilton, R.; Catarino, T.; Salgueiro, C. A.; Schiffer, M.; Biosciences Division; Univ.Nova de Lisboa; Insti. de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica

    2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Periplasmic sensor domains from two methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins from Geobacter sulfurreducens (encoded by genes GSU0935 and GSU0582) were expressed in Escherichia coli. The sensor domains were isolated, purified, characterized in solution, and their crystal structures were determined. In the crystal, both sensor domains form swapped dimers and show a PAS-type fold. The swapped segment consists of two helices of about 45 residues at the N terminus with the hemes located between the two monomers. In the case of the GSU0582 sensor, the dimer contains a crystallographic 2-fold symmetry and the heme is coordinated by an axial His and a water molecule. In the case of the GSU0935 sensor, the crystals contain a non-crystallographic dimer, and surprisingly, the coordination of the heme in each monomer is different; monomer A heme has His-Met ligation and monomer B heme has His-water ligation as found in the GSU0582 sensor. The structures of these sensor domains are the first structures of PAS domains containing covalently bound heme. Optical absorption, electron paramagnetic resonance and NMR spectroscopy have revealed that the heme groups of both sensor domains are high-spin and low-spin in the oxidized and reduced forms, respectively, and that the spin-state interconversion involves a heme axial ligand replacement. Both sensor domains bind NO in their ferric and ferrous forms but bind CO only in the reduced form. The binding of both NO and CO occurs via an axial ligand exchange process, and is fully reversible. The reduction potentials of the sensor domains differ by 95 mV (-156 mV and -251 mV for sensors GSU0582 and GSU0935, respectively). The swapped dimerization of these sensor domains and redox-linked ligand switch might be related to the mechanism of signal transduction by these chemotaxis proteins.

  13. Some remarks on Pr\\"{u}fer $\\star $--multiplication domains and class groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, David F; Zafrullah, Muhammad

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Let $D$ be an integral domain with quotient field $K$ and let $X$ be an indeterminate over $D$. Also, let $\\boldsymbol{\\mathcal{T}}:=\\{T_{\\lambda}\\mid \\lambda \\in \\Lambda \\}$ be a defining family of quotient rings of $D$ and suppose that $\\ast $ is a finite type star operation on $D$ induced by $\\boldsymbol{\\mathcal{T}}$. We show that $D$ is a P$ \\ast $MD (resp., P$v$MD) if and only if $(\\co_D(fg))^{\\ast}=(\\co_D(f)\\co_D(g))^{\\ast}$ (resp., $(\\co_D(fg))^{w}=(\\co_D(f)\\co_D(g))^{w}$) for all $0 \

  14. Optimized cobalt nanowires for domain wall manipulation imaged by in situ Lorentz microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, L. A. [Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA), Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon (INA), Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain) [Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA), Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon (INA), Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain); Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Transpyrenean Associated Laboratory for Electron Microscopy (TALEM), CEMES-INA, CNRS-Universidad de Zaragoza, Toulouse (France); CEMES-CNRS 29, rue Jeanne Marvig, B.P. 94347 F-31055, Toulouse Cedex (France); Magen, C. [Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA), Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon (INA), Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain) [Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA), Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon (INA), Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain); Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Transpyrenean Associated Laboratory for Electron Microscopy (TALEM), CEMES-INA, CNRS-Universidad de Zaragoza, Toulouse (France); Fundacion ARAID, 50004 Zaragoza (Spain)] [Spain; Snoeck, E.; Gatel, C. [Transpyrenean Associated Laboratory for Electron Microscopy (TALEM), CEMES-INA, CNRS-Universidad de Zaragoza, Toulouse (France) [Transpyrenean Associated Laboratory for Electron Microscopy (TALEM), CEMES-INA, CNRS-Universidad de Zaragoza, Toulouse (France); CEMES-CNRS 29, rue Jeanne Marvig, B.P. 94347 F-31055, Toulouse Cedex (France); Serrano-Ramon, L. [Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain) [Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon (ICMA), Universidad de Zaragoza-CSIC, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); and others

    2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct observation of domain wall (DW) nucleation and propagation in focused electron beam induced deposited Co nanowires as a function of their dimensions was carried out by Lorentz microscopy (LTEM) upon in situ application of magnetic field. Optimal dimensions favoring the unambiguous DW nucleation/propagation required for applications were found in 500-nm-wide and 13-nm-thick Co nanowires, with a maximum nucleation field and the largest gap between nucleation and propagation fields. The internal DW structures were resolved using the transport-of-intensity equation formalism in LTEM images and showed that the optimal nanowire dimensions correspond to the crossover between the nucleation of transverse and vortex walls.

  15. Sampling Approaches for Multi-Domain Internet Performance Measurement Infrastructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calyam, Prasad

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The next-generation of high-performance networks being developed in DOE communities are critical for supporting current and emerging data-intensive science applications. The goal of this project is to investigate multi-domain network status sampling techniques and tools to measure/analyze performance, and thereby provide “network awareness” to end-users and network operators in DOE communities. We leverage the infrastructure and datasets available through perfSONAR, which is a multi-domain measurement framework that has been widely deployed in high-performance computing and networking communities; the DOE community is a core developer and the largest adopter of perfSONAR. Our investigations include development of semantic scheduling algorithms, measurement federation policies, and tools to sample multi-domain and multi-layer network status within perfSONAR deployments. We validate our algorithms and policies with end-to-end measurement analysis tools for various monitoring objectives such as network weather forecasting, anomaly detection, and fault-diagnosis. In addition, we develop a multi-domain architecture for an enterprise-specific perfSONAR deployment that can implement monitoring-objective based sampling and that adheres to any domain-specific measurement policies.

  16. Crystal structure of the Candida albicans Kar3 kinesin motor domain fused to maltose-binding protein

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delorme, Caroline; Joshi, Monika [Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6 (Canada)] [Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6 (Canada); Allingham, John S., E-mail: allinghj@queensu.ca [Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6 (Canada)

    2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Candida albicans Kar3 motor domain structure was solved as a maltose-binding protein fusion. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The electrostatic surface and part of the ATPase pocket of the motor domain differs markedly from other kinesins. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The MBP-Kar3 interface highlights a new site for intramolecular or intermolecular interactions. -- Abstract: In the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans, the Kinesin-14 motor protein Kar3 (CaKar3) is critical for normal mitotic division, nuclear fusion during mating, and morphogenic transition from the commensal yeast form to the virulent hyphal form. As a first step towards detailed characterization of this motor of potential medical significance, we have crystallized and determined the X-ray structure of the motor domain of CaKar3 as a maltose-binding protein (MBP) fusion. The structure shows strong conservation of overall motor domain topology to other Kar3 kinesins, but with some prominent differences in one of the motifs that compose the nucleotide-binding pocket and the surface charge distribution. The MBP and Kar3 modules are arranged such that MBP interacts with the Kar3 motor domain core at the same site where the neck linker of conventional kinesins docks during the 'ATP state' of the mechanochemical cycle. This site differs from the Kar3 neck-core interface in the recent structure of the ScKar3Vik1 heterodimer. The position of MBP is also completely distinct from the Vik1 subunit in this complex. This may suggest that the site of MBP interaction on the CaKar3 motor domain provides an interface for the neck, or perhaps a partner subunit, at an intermediate state of its motile cycle that has not yet been observed for Kinesin-14 motors.

  17. Fictitious domain methods for two-phase flow energy balance computations in nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Fictitious domain methods for two-phase flow energy balance computations in nuclear components M, 2011 Abstract This paper is dedicated to the numerical simulation of nuclear components (Cores the physical domain under study in a Cartesian domain, called the fic- titious domain, and in performing

  18. High-Quality 2D Metal-Organic Coordination Network Providing Giant Cavities within Mesoscale Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brune, Harald

    -phase domains is particularly demanding. A recent step forward in this direction was an anthraquinone honeycomb

  19. Frequency-Domain Modeling Techniques for the Scalar Wave Equation : An Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan B.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Frequency-domain finite-difference (FDFD) modeling offers several advantages over traditional timedomain

  20. Iterative image-domain decomposition for dual-energy CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niu, Tianye; Dong, Xue; Petrongolo, Michael; Zhu, Lei, E-mail: leizhu@gatech.edu [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs, The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)] [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs, The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Dual energy CT (DECT) imaging plays an important role in advanced imaging applications due to its capability of material decomposition. Direct decomposition via matrix inversion suffers from significant degradation of image signal-to-noise ratios, which reduces clinical values of DECT. Existing denoising algorithms achieve suboptimal performance since they suppress image noise either before or after the decomposition and do not fully explore the noise statistical properties of the decomposition process. In this work, the authors propose an iterative image-domain decomposition method for noise suppression in DECT, using the full variance-covariance matrix of the decomposed images. Methods: The proposed algorithm is formulated in the form of least-square estimation with smoothness regularization. Based on the design principles of a best linear unbiased estimator, the authors include the inverse of the estimated variance-covariance matrix of the decomposed images as the penalty weight in the least-square term. The regularization term enforces the image smoothness by calculating the square sum of neighboring pixel value differences. To retain the boundary sharpness of the decomposed images, the authors detect the edges in the CT images before decomposition. These edge pixels have small weights in the calculation of the regularization term. Distinct from the existing denoising algorithms applied on the images before or after decomposition, the method has an iterative process for noise suppression, with decomposition performed in each iteration. The authors implement the proposed algorithm using a standard conjugate gradient algorithm. The method performance is evaluated using an evaluation phantom (Catphan©600) and an anthropomorphic head phantom. The results are compared with those generated using direct matrix inversion with no noise suppression, a denoising method applied on the decomposed images, and an existing algorithm with similar formulation as the proposed method but with an edge-preserving regularization term. Results: On the Catphan phantom, the method maintains the same spatial resolution on the decomposed images as that of the CT images before decomposition (8 pairs/cm) while significantly reducing their noise standard deviation. Compared to that obtained by the direct matrix inversion, the noise standard deviation in the images decomposed by the proposed algorithm is reduced by over 98%. Without considering the noise correlation properties in the formulation, the denoising scheme degrades the spatial resolution to 6 pairs/cm for the same level of noise suppression. Compared to the edge-preserving algorithm, the method achieves better low-contrast detectability. A quantitative study is performed on the contrast-rod slice of Catphan phantom. The proposed method achieves lower electron density measurement error as compared to that by the direct matrix inversion, and significantly reduces the error variation by over 97%. On the head phantom, the method reduces the noise standard deviation of decomposed images by over 97% without blurring the sinus structures. Conclusions: The authors propose an iterative image-domain decomposition method for DECT. The method combines noise suppression and material decomposition into an iterative process and achieves both goals simultaneously. By exploring the full variance-covariance properties of the decomposed images and utilizing the edge predetection, the proposed algorithm shows superior performance on noise suppression with high image spatial resolution and low-contrast detectability.

  1. Assessment of current cybersecurity practices in the public domain : cyber indications and warnings domain.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamlet, Jason R.; Keliiaa, Curtis M.

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report assesses current public domain cyber security practices with respect to cyber indications and warnings. It describes cybersecurity industry and government activities, including cybersecurity tools, methods, practices, and international and government-wide initiatives known to be impacting current practice. Of particular note are the U.S. Government's Trusted Internet Connection (TIC) and 'Einstein' programs, which are serving to consolidate the Government's internet access points and to provide some capability to monitor and mitigate cyber attacks. Next, this report catalogs activities undertaken by various industry and government entities. In addition, it assesses the benchmarks of HPC capability and other HPC attributes that may lend themselves to assist in the solution of this problem. This report draws few conclusions, as it is intended to assess current practice in preparation for future work, however, no explicit references to HPC usage for the purpose of analyzing cyber infrastructure in near-real-time were found in the current practice. This report and a related SAND2010-4766 National Cyber Defense High Performance Computing and Analysis: Concepts, Planning and Roadmap report are intended to provoke discussion throughout a broad audience about developing a cohesive HPC centric solution to wide-area cybersecurity problems.

  2. Study of interdomain boundary in diamagnetic domain structure in beryllium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip Lykov

    2002-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    At low temperatures, in strong magnetic fields, the formation of a non-uniform magnetisation is possible in a single-crystal metal sample whose demagnetising factor along the field is close to unity. Namely, so-called Condon diamagnetic domain structure arises and disappears periodically with magnetic field. In this paper, the diamagnetic domain structure in beryllium single crystalis analysed. Directly, existence of diamagnetic domains in that sample was observed earlier by the muon spin precession (mSR) resonance peak splitting. A method is described that allows to calculate quantitative characteristics of the interdomain boundary using the muon histograms. The technique is based on the Marquardt minimisation procedure that has been modified in order to reduce the influence of noise on iterations convergence. Boundary volume fraction was calculated.

  3. apolipoprotein a-i showed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Creek showing (Candy and Deep Purple claims) is hosted by Middle Devonian carbonate rocks in the southem Rocky Mountains oi British Columbia. The property lies near the...

  4. anti-m2 scfv shows: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Creek showing (Candy and Deep Purple claims) is hosted by Middle Devonian carbonate rocks in the southem Rocky Mountains oi British Columbia. The property lies near the...

  5. New findings show some Type Ia supernovae linked to novae | EurekAlert! Science News

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... findings show some Type Ia supernovae linked to novae ... least some thermonuclear (Type Ia) supernovae come from a recurrent nova ... originators of other Type Ia supernovae . ...

  6. Domain Wall Formation In The Post-Inflationary Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Lalak; S. Thomas

    1993-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the evolution of the probability distribution $\\pp (\\chi ,\\chib, \\t)$, associated with an inhomogeneous light scalar field $\\chi$ in the Robertson-Walker Universe, where the inhomogeneities are produced by quantum fluctuations during an earlier inflationary epoch. For a specific choice of scalar potential which occurs in models of so called late-time phase transitions in which domain walls are produced, $\\pp$ is shown to evolve from a Gaussian to a non-Gaussian distribution. The structure of the latter justifies the recent use of 3-dimensional percolation theory to describe the initial distribution of domain walls in these models.

  7. The Photorhabdus Pir toxins are similar to a developmentally regulated insect protein but show

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    The Photorhabdus Pir toxins are similar to a developmentally regulated insect protein but show relatedĂ? (Pir) proteins A and B, show similarity both to d-endotoxins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bts of expression and the Photorhabdus proteins PirA and PirB have been proposed to be mimics of insect JHEs

  8. Using Show Homes (and Sponsorships) to Persuade Commissioning Relevancy and Factory Crafted High Performance Modular Homes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas-Rees, S.; Chasar, D.; Beal, D.; Chandra, S.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    products and the show home builders. At this past year's IBS show in February, Palm Harbor Homes build the GenX home that included an installed and operational 4.08kWp photovoltaic system with inverter and back up battery management system, a solar hot...

  9. Why Private Labels Show Long-Term Market Share Evolution Stephen J. Hoch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faloutsos, Christos

    Why Private Labels Show Long-Term Market Share Evolution Stephen J. Hoch Alan L. Montgomery Young School of Management, Cornell University. #12;2 Why Private Labels Show Long-Term Market Share Evolution brand to take unilateral action to increase share. We find a clear exception to this rule -- during

  10. Vision: Cloud-Powered Sight for All Showing the Cloud What You See

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    Vision: Cloud-Powered Sight for All Showing the Cloud What You See Paramvir Bahl Matthai Philipose argue that for computers to do more for us, we need to show the cloud what we see and embrace cloud General Terms Algorithms, Design, Human Factors, Languages, Performance, Security Keywords Camera, cloud

  11. GaN nanowires show more 3D piezoelectricity than bulk GaN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    Logo GaN nanowires show more 3D piezoelectricity than bulk GaN admin / January 11, 2012 individual gallium nitride (GaN) nanowires showing strong piezoelectric effect in 3D. This is in spite of the fact that each nanowire only measures 100nm in diameter. While GaN is ubiquitous in optoelectronic

  12. Hierarchical Heuristic Forward Search in Stochastic Domains Nicolas Meuleau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brafman, Ronen

    and develop a variant of the AO* algorithm for performing for- ward heuristic search in hierarchical models. Substantial performance gains may be obtained in these algo- rithms by partitioning the set of search nodesHierarchical Heuristic Forward Search in Stochastic Domains Nicolas Meuleau NASA Ames Research

  13. ADAPTIVE FINITE ELEMENT FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHOD FOR EDDY CURRENT PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Weiying

    ADAPTIVE FINITE ELEMENT FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHOD FOR EDDY CURRENT PROBLEMS WEIYING ZHENG-harmonic eddy current problems in the case of three-dimensional isotropic and linear materials. We adopt. Time-harmonic Maxwell's equations, eddy current, adaptive finite element method, multiply connected

  14. Databases on the Web: national web domain survey Denis Shestakov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    , Aalto University Konemiehentie 2, Espoo, 02150 Finland denis.shestakov@aalto.fi ABSTRACT The deep Web of the deep Web by sampling one national web domain. We report some of our results ob- tained when surveying the Russian Web. The survey find- ings, namely the size estimates of the deep Web, could be useful for further

  15. SUMTIME: KA For Weather Domain Page 1 of 20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sripada, Yaji

    News Inc, Aberdeen, UK) and gas turbine diagnosis (in collaboration with Intelligent Applications on a third (yet to be chosen) domain. In the case of gas turbine diagnosis, as is the case with the doctors of Aberdeen Aberdeen, UK {ssripada,ereiter,jhunter,jyu}@csd.abdn.ac.uk Abstract SUMTIME (http://www.csd.abdn.ac.in

  16. Methods of detection using a cellulose binding domain fusion product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Shimshon, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (North Gallilea, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  17. TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    1 TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS By: J. A. Kuhn1 and J. G. Zornberg for use in highly plastic clay. The clay used for experimentation was taken locally from the Eagle Ford Ford Clay is determined. INTRODUCTION The progression of wetting and drying fronts in highly plastic

  18. Using Security and Domain ontologies for Security Requirements Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Using Security and Domain ontologies for Security Requirements Analysis Amina Souag, Camille.Mouratidis@uel.ac.uk Abstract-- Recent research has argued about the importance of considering security during Requirements that security being a multi-faceted problem, a single security ontology is not enough to guide SR Engineering

  19. Condorcet Domains; A Geometric Perspective Donald G. Saari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saari, Don

    Condorcet Domains; A Geometric Perspective Donald G. Saari Institute for Mathematical Behavioral decision process to cause fundamental theoretical concerns. As we now know (Saari [15]), for instance interpretations of Arrow's and Sen's theorems, see Saari [15]; also see Saari and Petron [17] and Li and Saari [8

  20. FACTS about threat Possible INTERVENTIONS Strong domain identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    FACTS about threat Possible INTERVENTIONS Strong domain identification heightens the effect are able to self affirm in difficult situations can lessen the effects of threat. Encourage students to use to students not under threat. Educate students on self talk! Teach them to pay close attention

  1. Conceptual modelling for domain specific document description and retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and are applied in the tasks of describing and retrieving documents, within cooperative document management settings, where the users themselves have to perform the document management tasks they need in orderConceptual modelling for domain specific document description and retrieval - An approach

  2. Analyzing Parallelism and Domain Similarities in the MAREC Patent Corpus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riezler, Stefan

    Analyzing Parallelism and Domain Similarities in the MAREC Patent Corpus Katharina W}@cl.uni-heidelberg.de Abstract. Statistical machine translation of patents requires large a- mounts of sentence-parallel data. Translations of patent text often exist for parts of the patent document, namely title, abstract and claims

  3. REPRESENTING GEO-SCIENTIFIC DOMAIN CONCEPTS Boyan Brodaric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Brandon

    1 REPRESENTING GEO-SCIENTIFIC DOMAIN CONCEPTS Boyan Brodaric Penn State Geography and Geological Survey of Canada brodaric@NRCan.gc.ca 1. Introduction The geo-sciences, including geology, ecology, soil accumulate and change, and (3) are characterized by degrees of uncertainty and granularity. This suggests

  4. Methods of detection using a cellulose binding domain fusion product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

    1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 34 figs.

  5. Methods of use of cellulose binding domain proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  6. Migrating a Domain-Specific Modeling Infrastructure to MDA Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Deursen, Arie

    Migrating a Domain-Specific Modeling Infrastructure to MDA Technology Duncan Doyle1,2, Hans Geers2 be migrated to models conform the MDA, in order to benefit from the range of MDA standards. We describe of the lessons learned. 1 Introduction The MDA promise of model-driven development is becoming a reality

  7. An Abstract Domain Extending Difference-Bound Matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    " (or DBMs) is a domain proposed by David Dill, for expressing relations of the form "x - y c" or "c1 x c2". We define dDBMs ("disequalities DBMs") as conjunctions of DBMs with simple disequalities of the form "x = y" or "x = 0". We give algorithms on dDBMs, for deciding the emptiness, computing a normal

  8. Catalytic Domain of Phosphoinositide-specific Phospholipase C (PLC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Roger L.

    Catalytic Domain of Phosphoinositide-specific Phospholipase C (PLC) MUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF RESIDUES WITHIN THE ACTIVE SITE AND HYDROPHOBIC RIDGE OF PLC 1* (Received for publication, November 20, 1997 Institute, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, United Kingdom Structural studies of phospholipase C 1 (PLC

  9. Representing a Robotic Domain Using Temporal Description Logics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franconi, Enrico

    Representing a Robotic Domain Using Temporal Description Logics Alessandro Artale artale@irst.itc effects; effects may not directly follow the action but more complex temporal relations may hold describes a collection of properties of the world holding at a certain time. Actions are represented through

  10. SUBMIT TO IEEE TIP 1 Motion-Aware Gradient Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, James F.

    SUBMIT TO IEEE TIP 1 Motion-Aware Gradient Domain Video Composition Tao Chen, Jun-Yan Zhu, Ariel blending boundary based on a user provided blending trimap for the source video. Our approach extends mean performance. We also provide a user interface and source object positioning method that can efficiently deal

  11. Methods of use of cellulose binding domain proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

    1997-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 16 figs.

  12. A Logical Approach to Stable Domains Yi-Xiang Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Achim

    The School of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, P.R. China- ingham, B15 2TT, England, A.Jung@cs.bham.ac.uk 1 #12;several unresolved issues. The central objects closed categories of algebraic domains and Scott- continuous functions [20], on the other hand, they form

  13. Time domain analog circuit simulation J.G. Fijnvandraat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    of circuits in the electronics industry. Keywords: transient analysis, modified nodal analysis, differential be applied such as DC or steady­state anal­ ysis, Transient Analysis, AC­analysis (linear frequency domain analysis, after linearization around a DC­solution), Noise Analysis, Harmonic Balance (non­linear frequency

  14. Time domain analog circuit simulation J.G. Fijnvandraat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    of circuits in the electronics industry. Keywords: transient analysis, modified nodal analysis, differential be applied such as DC or steady-state anal- ysis, Transient Analysis, AC-analysis (linear frequency domain analysis, after linearization around a DC-solution), Noise Analysis, Harmonic Balance (non-linear frequency

  15. AN AGGREGATIONBASED DOMAIN DECOMPOSITION PRECONDITIONER FOR GROUNDWATER FLOW \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the standard finite element framework from [18,24]. The preconditioner also works well in the context of finiteAN AGGREGATION­BASED DOMAIN DECOMPOSITION PRECONDITIONER FOR GROUNDWATER FLOW \\Lambda E. W. JENKINS analysis of a two­level additive Schwarz method in which the coarse mesh basis is constructed

  16. AN AGGREGATION-BASED DOMAIN DECOMPOSITION PRECONDITIONER FOR GROUNDWATER FLOW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Our analysis uses the standard finite element framework from [18,24]. The preconditioner also works well in the context of finite differences, however, as some of the examples in £ 3 illustrateAN AGGREGATION-BASED DOMAIN DECOMPOSITION PRECONDITIONER FOR GROUNDWATER FLOW E. W. JENKINS ¡, C

  17. Hybrid Powertrain Design Using a Domain-Specific Modeling Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Jeffrey G.

    Hybrid Powertrain Design Using a Domain- Specific Modeling Environment Wenzhong Gao1 , Sandeep environment is capable of rapidly assimilating new knowledge from experts and design database. Further, it can. As an example, the well-known worldwide recall in Spring 2002 of the BMW 745i was a direct result

  18. WHEELS: A CONVERSATIONAL SYSTEM IN THE AUTOMOBILE CLASSIFIEDS DOMAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHEELS: A CONVERSATIONAL SYSTEM IN THE AUTOMOBILE CLASSIFIEDS DOMAIN Helen Meng, Senis WHEELS is a conversational system which provides access to a database of eletronic automobile classified users to search through a database of 5,000 automobile classifieds. The current end-to-end system can re

  19. For Immediate Release --Thursday, September 20, 2012 Researchers confirm Slave Lake showing continued

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Joy

    . "Despite the huge amount of upheaval, many people initially told us Slave Lake showing continued community strength A year-long study of people levels, brought in additional people and launched programs tohelp people cope

  20. Nitrogen adsorption data for the powder form of the PMO shows a diagnostic type IV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinnikov, Konstantin

    Nitrogen adsorption data for the powder form of the PMO shows a diagnostic type IV isotherm). This adsorption data together with the d spacing of 4.7 nm given by PXRD provide an independent estimate

  1. University of British Columbia Faraday Show is UBC Physics & Astronomy Outreach Program's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karczmarek, Joanna

    University of British Columbia Faraday Show is UBC Physics & Astronomy Outreach Program's annual Outreach Program University of British Columbia Email: outreach@phas.ubc.ca; Phone: 604-822-3675 #12;

  2. Distinct Cyclin D Genes Show Mitotic Accumulation or Constant Levels of Transcripts in Tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, J.A.H.

    Distinct Cyclin D Genes Show Mitotic Accumulation or Constant Levels of Transcripts in Tobacco-type cyclins accumulate peri- odically during the S, G2, and early M phases (A types) or G2 and early M phases

  3. igure 1. Map of N. Alaska and NW Canada Showing the Locations...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. Map of Northern Alaska and Northwestern Canada Showing the Locations of the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska (NPR-A), Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), 1002 Area, Current...

  4. Physics 314 (Survey of Astronomy) Exam 3 Please show all significant steps clearly in all problems.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Roland E.

    Physics 314 (Survey of Astronomy) Exam 3 Please show all significant steps clearly in all problems ! v ! ! B (in SI units). You may just assume the general formula for the centripetal force

  5. Physics 314 (Survey of Astronomy) Exam 3 Please show all significant steps clearly in all problems.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Roland E.

    Physics 314 (Survey of Astronomy) Exam 3 Please show all significant steps clearly in all problems to a uniform magnetic field ! B . Recall that the Lorentz force is given by ! F = e ! v ! ! B (in SI units

  6. Fusion of engineering, art, and education through an interactive robotic puppet show

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felix, Heather K

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this current age of the Technological Revolution, technical proficiency is not enough for graduating engineers and scientists. Creativity and innovation need to be emphasized and pursued. The Robotic Puppet Show fuses ...

  7. Androgynous Beauty, Virtual Community: Stardom, Fandom and Chinese Reality Shows under Globalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Hui Faye

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    104 5 Androgynous Beauty, Virtual Sisterhood Stardom, Fandom, and Chinese Talent Shows under Globalization hui faye xiao In the future, everyone will be world-famous for 15 minutes. —Andy Warhol, exhibition catalog (1968) [P]opular culture always...- ology. Situating my analysis of the engendering of the Super Girl stardom and fandom against the backdrop of China’s accelerating marketization and globalization, I propose that the excessive emotional manipulations of the Super Girl idol show...

  8. The cataract-associated V41M mutant of human ?S-crystallin shows specific structural changes that directly enhance local surface hydrophobicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharat, Somireddy Venkata; Shekhtman, Alexander; Pande, Jayanti, E-mail: jpande@albany.edu

    2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: •We present NMR analysis of V41M, a cataract-causing mutant of human ?S-crystallin. •Mutation alters strand–strand interactions throughout the N-terminal domain. •Mutation directly affects Trp46 due to key Met41-S–Trp46-pi interactions. •We identify the basis of the surface hydrophobicity increase and residues involved. -- Abstract: The major crystallins expressed in the human lens are ?S-, ?C- and ?D-crystallins. Several mutations in ?S-crystallin are associated with hereditary cataracts, one of which involves the substitution of a highly conserved Valine at position 41 to Methionine. According to a recent report, the mutant protein, V41M, shows lower stability and increased surface hydrophobicity compared to the wild-type, and a propensity for self-aggregation. Here we address the structural differences between the two proteins, with residue-level specificity using NMR spectroscopy. Based on the structural model of the mutant protein, our results clearly show that the mutation creates a major local perturbation almost at the junction of the first and second “Greek-key” motifs in the N-terminal domain. A larger section of the second motif (residues 44–86) appears to be mainly affected. Based on the sizeable chemical shift of the imino proton of the indole side-chain of Trp46 in V41M, we suggest that the sulphur atom of Met41 is involved in an S–? interaction with Trp46. This interaction would bring the last ?-strand of the first “Greek-key” motif closer to the first ?-strand of the second motif. This appears to lead to a domino effect, towards both the N- and C-terminal ends, even as it decays off substantially beyond the domain interface. During this process discreet hydrophobic surface patches are created, as revealed by ANS-binding. Such changes would not affect the secondary structure or cause a major change in the tertiary structure, but can lead to self-aggregation or aberrant binding interactions of the mutant protein in vivo, and lead to lens opacity or cataract.

  9. Calculation of HVDC-converter harmonics in frequency domain with regard to asymmetries and comparison with time domain simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rittiger, J. [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany)] [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany); Kulicke, B. [Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)] [Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to study the effects of large HVDC converters to the feeding ac networks, it is of importance to explain and to calculate harmonic phenomena which are a result of converter operation. During commissioning of real HVDC converters it could be seen, that harmonics resulting from unsymmetries in the system voltages or from unsymmetries in converter operation led to significant difficulties concerning the system design. For this reason, not only the effects of characteristic but also the effects of noncharacteristic converter harmonics must be taken into account. The aim is to describe the steady state harmonic behavior of the converter. The harmonic spectra are not determined by time domain analysis but instead the solution is found by frequency domain calculations. This can result in reduced calculation time in comparison to conventional fourier analysis of the time functions. The converter is interpreted as an amplitude modulator with voltage and current converter functions which describe the coupling of the dc circuit and the ac network through the converter. To verify the theory, comparison of frequency domain with time domain calculations were carried out.

  10. Faster motion of double 360° domain walls system induced by spin-polarized current

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, S. F.; Zhu, Q. Y.; Mu, C. P.; Zheng, Q.; Liu, X. Y.; Liu, Q. F.; Wang, J. B., E-mail: wangjb@lzu.edu.cn [Institute of Applied Magnetics, Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    By micromagnetic simulation, we investigated a double 360° domain walls system in two parallel nanowires. Two domain walls are coupled to each other via magnetostatic interaction. When a spin-polarized current is applied to only one nanowire or both nanowires with the same direction, the two domain walls propagate along nanowires together. The critical velocity of such system is obviously higher than that of a single 360° domain wall. The interaction between the two domain walls can be modeled as two bodies that connected by a spring, and we analyzed the coupling characteritics of the double 360° domain walls at last.

  11. Fast evaluation of far-field signals for time-domain wave propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott E. Field; Stephen R. Lau

    2014-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Time-domain simulation of wave phenomena on a finite computational domain often requires a fictitious outer boundary. An important practical issue is the specification of appropriate boundary conditions on this boundary, often conditions of complete transparency. Attention to this issue has been paid elsewhere, and here we consider a different, although related, issue: far-field signal recovery. Namely, from smooth data recorded on the outer boundary we wish to recover the far-field signal which would reach arbitrarily large distances. These signals encode information about interior scatterers and often correspond to actual measurements. This article expresses far-field signal recovery in terms of time-domain convolutions, each between a solution multipole moment recorded at the boundary and a sum-of-exponentials kernel. Each exponential corresponds to a pole term in the Laplace transform of the kernel, a finite sum of simple poles. Greengard, Hagstrom, and Jiang have derived the large-$\\ell$ (spherical-harmonic index) asymptotic expansion for the pole residues, and their analysis shows that, when expressed in terms of the exact sum-of-exponentials, large-$\\ell$ signal recovery is plagued by cancellation errors. Nevertheless, through an alternative integral representation of the kernel and its subsequent approximation by a {\\em smaller} number of exponential terms (kernel compression), we are able to alleviate these errors and achieve accurate signal recovery. We empirically examine scaling relations between the parameters which determine a compressed kernel, and perform numerical tests of signal "teleportation" from one radial value $r_1$ to another $r_2$, including the case $r_2=\\infty$. We conclude with a brief discussion on application to other hyperbolic equations posed on non-flat geometries where waves undergo backscatter.

  12. The PDZ Domain Protein PICK1 and the Sodium Channel BNaC1 Interact and Localize at Mechanosensory Terminals of Dorsal Root

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corey, David P.

    The PDZ Domain Protein PICK1 and the Sodium Channel BNaC1 Interact and Localize at Mechanosensory) in a yeast two-hybrid screen. We show by two-hybrid assays, glutathione S-transfer- ase pull-down assays Purkinje neu- rons, localizing to their dendrites and cell bodies. There- fore, PICK1 interacts with BNa

  13. Oil drilling to use LSU process Show Caption BILL FEIG/THE ADVOCATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUSINESS Oil drilling to use LSU process Show Caption BILL FEIG/THE ADVOCATE Advocate staff process to make wood-plastic composites has found a new application in the oil and gas business. Qinglin Wu, the Roy O. Martin professor of Composites and Engineered Wood Products, patented a technique

  14. The figure shows the current energy pay back time for PV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The figure shows the current energy pay back time for PV systems using different cell technologies and installed either in Central Europe or Southern Europe. Argument B1 PV Fact Sheets Technology improvements: Manufacturing a PV system consumes more energy than it ever produces in its life time." The fact is

  15. The marine biodiversity curve is an icon of paleobiology. The familiar curve shows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waxman, David

    the temperate phage infects Escherichia coli, it enters one of two pathways: lytic (replicates and killsThe marine biodiversity curve is an icon of paleobiology. The familiar curve shows increasing (distinct rock units) as a proxy for the amount of marine rock available for paleontological sampling

  16. tance. The frame in the middle shows the structure outlined above, with both

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ComerĂłn, Fernando

    and thermal conduc­ tion at work in the hot gas. The top frame shows the same results, but now assuming gas. The shape of the bow shock is in this case much more irregu­ lar; this is due to the chaotic and from the stellar wind, having very different velocities along the bow shock, get in contact. Finally

  17. Figure 2 shows the time series for sea surface temperature (SST), sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to evaluate both wind and coastal forcing in that region. Preliminary results show long Rossby waves The eastern boundary of the South Pacific Ocean is a region of strong coastal upwelling with one of the highest levels of biological productivity of the world. The regular coastal upwelling is associated

  18. ORNL Roof and Attic System Shows Efficient Retrofit By Zaher Karp Reuters, July 27, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    ORNL Roof and Attic System Shows Efficient Retrofit Option By Zaher Karp ­ Reuters, July 27, 2009 A new roof and attic system developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Building Technology Center. Texas-based Billy Ellis Roofing funds the research through the Building Technology Center

  19. A medical game changer New device shows early promise for detecting heart disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Fall 2012 A medical game changer New device shows early promise for detecting heart disease It as a functional test for people at high risk of developing heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United for enhancing auscultation (listening to heart sounds). Her husband, Robert Guion, was a convenient, good

  20. NEUTRON SCATTERING SHOWS THAT CYTOCHROME b5 PENETRATES DEEPLY INTO THE LIPID BILAYER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NEUTRON SCATTERING SHOWS THAT CYTOCHROME b5 PENETRATES DEEPLY INTO THE LIPID BILAYER E. P. GOGOL to lipid vesicles using neutron small-angle scattering methods. To increase scat- tering contrast between of a highly deuterated phospholipid. Small-angle neutron diffraction patterns were collected in a series of H

  1. neutron scattering shows magnetic excitation mechanism at work in new materials.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    neutron scattering shows magnetic excitation mechanism at work in new materials. In 2008 dai of orNl and the university of tennes- see led early neutron scattering studies of the pnictides. dai ticks off four main things neutron scattering has revealed about superconducting iron com- pounds

  2. Nanoparticle Silver Catalysts That Show Enhanced Activity for Carbon Dioxide Electrolysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    Nanoparticle Silver Catalysts That Show Enhanced Activity for Carbon Dioxide Electrolysis Amin,§ and Richard I. Masel*, Dioxide Materials, 60 Hazelwood Drive, Champaign, Illinois 61820, United States properties for CO2 conversion. INTRODUCTION The discovery and development of efficient catalysts for CO2

  3. 4-H Trashion Show Instructions for posting video to YouTube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    4-H Trashion Show Instructions for posting video to YouTube Note: Once you edit your video, make;4. Click on "Upload Video." Depending upon your connection, the uploading process can take a while. 5. Once your video has loaded, you will get the following screen. Complete the information noted below. Preview

  4. Entropy Shows that Global Warming Should Cause Increased Variability in the Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Michael Williams

    2001-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Elementary physical reasoning seems to leave it inevitable that global warming would increase the variability of the weather. The first two terms in an approximation to the global entropy are used to show that global warming has increased the free energy available to drive the weather, and that the variance of the weather should increase correspondingly.

  5. Show menu RSS feeds | Free newsletter A new study from the American Naturalist finds that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenseleers, Tom

    Show menu RSS feeds | Free newsletter A new study from the American Naturalist finds that honeybee, such as bumble bees, this is the source of many of the males in the species. But in others, like the honeybee Science Video News Jump to: ... select topic:... select topic: Related News Sections

  6. UNICOS CPC New Domains of Application: Vacuum and Cooling & Ventilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willeman, D; Bradu, B; Ortola, J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The UNICOS (UNified Industrial COntrol System) framework, and concretely the CPC (Continuous Process Control) package, has been extensively used in the domain of continuous processes (e.g. cryogenics, gas flows) and also in others specific to the LHC machine as the collimators environmental measurements interlock system. The application of the UNICOS-CPC to other kind of processes: vacuum and the cooling and ventilation cases are depicted here. One of the major challenges was to figure out whether the model and devices created so far were also adapted for other type of processes (e.g. Vacuum). To illustrate this challenge two domain use cases will be shown: ISOLDE vacuum control system and the RFQ4 and STP18 (cooling & ventilation) control systems. Both scenarios will be illustrated emphasizing the adaptability of the UNICOS CPC package to create those applications and highlighting the discovered needed features to include in a future version of the UNICOS CPC package. This paper will a...

  7. A TFETI Domain Decomposition Solver for Elastoplastic Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?ermák, M; Sysala, S; Valdman, J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the paper, we propose an algorithm for the efficient parallel implementation of elastoplastic problems with hardening based on the so-called TFETI (Total Finite Element Tearing and Interconnecting) domain decomposition method. We consider an associated elastoplastic model with the von Mises plastic criterion and the linear isotropic hardening law. Such a model is discretized by the implicit Euler method in time and the consequent one time step elastoplastic problem by the finite element method in space. The latter results in a system of nonlinear equations with a strongly semismooth and strongly monotone operator. The semismooth Newton method is applied to solve this nonlinear system. Corresponding linearized problems arising in the Newton iterations are solved in parallel by the above mentioned TFETI domain decomposition method. The proposed TFETI based algorithm was implemented in Matlab parallel environment and its performance was illustrated on a 3D elastoplastic benchmark. Numerical results for differ...

  8. Time Domain Partitioning of Electricity Production Cost Simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrows, C.; Hummon, M.; Jones, W.; Hale, E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Production cost models are often used for planning by simulating power system operations over long time horizons. The simulation of a day-ahead energy market can take several weeks to compute. Tractability improvements are often made through model simplifications, such as: reductions in transmission modeling detail, relaxation of commitment variable integrality, reductions in cost modeling detail, etc. One common simplification is to partition the simulation horizon so that weekly or monthly horizons can be simulated in parallel. However, horizon partitions are often executed with overlap periods of arbitrary and sometimes zero length. We calculate the time domain persistence of historical unit commitment decisions to inform time domain partitioning of production cost models. The results are implemented using PLEXOS production cost modeling software in an HPC environment to improve the computation time of simulations while maintaining solution integrity.

  9. Stopbands in the existence domains of acoustic solitons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nsengiyumva, F., E-mail: franco.nseng@gmail.com; Hellberg, M. A., E-mail: hellberg@ukzn.ac.za; Mace, R. L., E-mail: macer@ukzn.ac.za [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa); Verheest, F., E-mail: frank.verheest@ugent.be [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa); Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, B–9000 Gent (Belgium)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A fully nonlinear Sagdeev pseudopotential approach is used to study the existence domain of fast mode ion-acoustic solitons in a three-species plasma composed of cold and warm adiabatic positive ion species and Boltzmann electrons. It is shown that for appropriate values of the cold-to-warm ion charge-to-mass ratio, ?, and the effective warm ion-to-electron temperature ratio, ?, there is a range in cold to warm ion charge density ratio, f, over which a stopband in soliton speed exists. Solitons do not propagate in the stopband, although they can occur for both higher and lower speeds. The stopbands are associated with a limiting curve of the existence domain that is double-valued in speed for a range of values of f. Analytical estimates of the upper and lower limits of ? and ? that support stopbands are found. It is suggested that, inter alia, the analysis should be applicable to the solar wind plasma.

  10. Stochastic domain decomposition for time dependent adaptive mesh generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bihlo, Alexander; Walsh, Emily J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The efficient generation of meshes is an important component in the numerical solution of problems in physics and engineering. Of interest are situations where global mesh quality and a tight coupling to the solution of the physical partial differential equation (PDE) is important. We consider parabolic PDE mesh generation and present a method for the construction of adaptive meshes in two spatial dimensions using stochastic domain decomposition that is suitable for an implementation in a multi- or many-core environment. Methods for mesh generation on periodic domains are also provided. The mesh generator is coupled to a time dependent physical PDE and the system is evolved using an alternating solution procedure. The method uses the stochastic representation of the exact solution of a parabolic linear mesh generator to find the location of an adaptive mesh along the (artificial) subdomain interfaces. The deterministic evaluation of the mesh over each subdomain can then be obtained completely independently us...

  11. Analysis of ultra-narrow ferromagnetic domain walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, Catherine; Paul, David

    2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    New materials with high magnetic anisotropy will have domains separated by ultra-narrow ferromagnetic walls with widths on the order of a few unit cells, approaching the limit where the elastic continuum approximation often used in micromagnetic simulations is accurate. The limits of this approximation are explored, and the static and dynamic interactions with intrinsic crystalline defects and external driving #12;elds are modeled. The results developed here will be important when considering the stability of ultra-high-density storage media.

  12. An Energy Efficient Asynchronous Time-Domain Comparator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Yang

    2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Approved by: Chair of Committee, Edgar Sanchez-Sinencio Committee Members, Sergiy Butenko Kamran Entesari Mi Lu Head of Department, Chanan Singh May 2013 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering Copyright 2013Yang Gao ii ABSTRACT...-domain comparators. iii DEDICATION To my parents and my beloved wife Qi iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First, I would like to express my sincere thanks to my advisor, Dr. Edgar Sanchez-Sinencio for guidance, support and encouragement throughout my...

  13. On the use of the exponential window method in the space domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Li

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    treatments. In this dissertation, an alternative is investigated based on the dynamic stiffness and the exponential window method in the space-wave number domain. Applying the exponential window in the space-wave number domain is equivalent to introducing...

  14. Current-driven Domain Wall Dynamics And Its Electric Signature In Ferromagnetic Nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yang

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We study current-induced domain wall dynamics in a thin ferromagnetic nanowire. We derive the effective equations of domain wall motion, which depend on the wire geometry and material parameters. We describe the procedure to determine...

  15. Time-domain Simulation of Multibody Floating Systems based on State-space Modeling Technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Xiaochuan

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A numerical scheme to simulate time-domain motion responses of multibody floating systems has been successfully proposed. This scheme is integrated into a time-domain simulation tool, with fully coupled hydrodynamic ...

  16. A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical of Mechanical Engineering) ABSTRACT Within a wave energy converter's operational bandwidth, device operation

  17. One Work Analysis, Two Domains: A Display Information Requirements Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M. L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    d observations, among other techniques. Given the time and resources required, we examine how to generalize a work domain analysis technique, namely the hybrid Cognitive Task Analysis (hCTA) method across two domains in ...

  18. One Work Analysis, Two Domains: A Display Information Requirements Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M. L.

    Work domain analyses can be time consuming, requiring extensive interviews, documentation review, and observations, among other techniques. Given the time and resources required, we examine how to generalize a work domain ...

  19. Modulation Domain Spectral Subtraction for Speech Enhancement Kuldip Paliwal, Belinda Schwerin, Kamil Wojcicki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modulation Domain Spectral Subtraction for Speech Enhancement Kuldip Paliwal, Belinda Schwerin- native to the acoustic domain for speech enhancement. More specifically, we wish to determine how achieves better back- ground noise reduction than the MMSE method. Index Terms: speech enhancement

  20. Structures of Domains I and IV from YbbR are representative of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Domains I and IV from YbbR are representative of a widely distributed protein family. Structures of Domains I and IV from YbbR are representative of a widely distributed protein...

  1. Structural genomics reveals EVE as a new ASCH/PUA-related domain...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reveals EVE as a new ASCHPUA-related domain. Structural genomics reveals EVE as a new ASCHPUA-related domain. Abstract: We report on a number of proteins recently solved by NESG...

  2. SUPPORTING DOMAIN SPECIFIC WEB-BASED SEARCH USING HEURISTIC KNOWLEDGE EXTRACTION 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunanathan, Sudharsan

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern search engines like Google support domain-independent search over the vast information contained in web documents. However domain-specific information access, such as finding less well-known people, locations, and ...

  3. Structural Insights into the Functional Role of the Hcn Sub-domain...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is well documented and occurs via specific intermolecular interactions with the C-terminal sub-domain, Hcc, of BoNT-HCR. The N-terminal sub-domain of BoNT-HCR, Hcn, comprises...

  4. Solution Structure of the cGMP Binding GAF Domain fromPhosphodiesteras...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of cGMP through its regulation of cGMP hydrolysis. Hydrolytic activity of the C-terminal catalytic domain is increased by cGMP binding to the N-terminal GAF A domain. We...

  5. The Neurofascins orchestrate assembly and maintenance of axonal domains in the central nervous system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zonta, Barbara

    Close interaction between oligodendrocytes and axons is essential to initiate myelination and to form specialised domains along myelinated fibres. These domains are characterised by the assembly of protein complexes at ...

  6. Cross-domain comparison of quantitative technology improvement using patent derived characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Christopher Lee

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis compares the performance improvement rates of 28 technological domains with characteristics derived from the patents of the domains, seeking to objectively test theories of how and why technologies change over ...

  7. Interplay between intrinsic and stacking-fault magnetic domains in bi-layered manganites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossain, M.A; Burkhardt, Mark H.; Sarkar, S.; Ohldag, H.; Chuang, Y.-D.; Scholl, A.; Young, A.T.; Doran, A.; Dessau, D.S.; Zheng, H.; Mitchell, J.F.; Durr, H.A.; Stohr, J.

    2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a low temperature X-ray photoemission electron microscopy study of the bi-layered manganite compound La{sub 1.2}Sr{sub 1.8}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 7} (BL-LSMO) to investigate the influence of stacking faults, which are structurally and magnetically different from the bi-layered host. In BL-LSMO small magnetic moment persists to T* = 300K, well above the Curie temperature of 120K (T{sub C}). Our magnetic images show that 3D stacking faults are responsible for the T* transition. Furthermore, close to the T{sub C}, stacking faults are well coupled to the bi-layered host with latter magnetic domains controlling the spin direction of the stacking faults. Contrary to recent reports, we find that stacking faults do not seed magnetic domains in the host via an exchange spring mechanism and the intrinsic T{sub C} of the BL-LSMO is not lower than 120K.

  8. Characterization of Cardio signals by time-frequency domain analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayan Mukherjee; Sanjay Kumar Palit; Santo Banerjee; MRK Ariffin; Lamberto Rondoni; Dilip Kumar Bhattacharya

    2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Long term behavior of nonlinear deterministic continuous time signals can be studied in terms of their reconstructed attractors. Reconstructed attractors of a continuous signal are meant to be topologically equivalent representations of the dynamics of the unknown dynamical system which generates the signal. Sometimes, geometry of the attractor or its complexity may give important information on the system of interest. However, if the trajectories of the attractor behave as if they are not coming from continuous system or there exists many spike like structures on the path of the system trajectories, then there is no way to characterize the shape of the attractor. In this article, the traditional attractor reconstruction method is first used for two types of ECG signals: Normal healthy persons (NHP) and Congestive Heart failure patients (CHFP). As common in such a framework, the reconstructed attractors are not at all well formed and hence it is not possible to adequately characterize their geometrical features. Thus, we incorporate frequency domain information to the given time signals. This is done by transforming the signals to a time frequency domain by means of suitable Wavelet transforms (WT). The transformed signal concerns two non homogeneous variables and is still quite difficult to use to reconstruct some dynamics out of it. By applying a suitable mapping, this signal is further converted into integer domain and a new type of 3D plot, called integer lag plot, which characterizes and distinguishes the ECG signals of NHP and CHFP, is finally obtained.

  9. The Tetramer Structure of the Nervy Homology Two Domain, NHR2, is Critical for AML1/ETO's Activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu,Y.; Cheney, M.; Gaudet, J.; Chruszcz, M.; Lukasik, S.; Suglyama, D.; Lary, J.; Cole, J.; Dauter, Z.; et al.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AML1/ETO is the chimeric protein resulting from the t(8; 21) in acute myeloid leukemia. The Nervy homology 2 (NHR2) domain in ETO mediates oligomerization and AML1/ETO's interactions with ETO, MTGR1, and MTG16, and with the corepressor molecules mSin3A and HDAC1 and HDAC3. We solved the NHR2 domain structure and found it to be an a-helical tetramer. We show that oligomerization contributes to AML1/ETO's inhibition of granulocyte differentiation, is essential for its ability to enhance the clonogenic potential of primary mouse bone marrow cells, and affects AML1/ETO's activity on several endogenous genes. Oligomerization is also required for AML1/ETO's interactions with ETO, MTGR1, and MTG16, but not with other corepressor molecules.

  10. Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics Nodal domains on graphs -How to count them and why?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smilansky, Uzy

    by the pioneering work of Chladni on the nodal structures of vibrating plates. Counting nodal domains started

  11. Model-Based Mediation with Domain Maps Bertram Ludascher? Amarnath Gupta? Maryann E. Martonez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludäscher, Bertram

    Model-Based Mediation with Domain Maps Bertram Lud¨ascher? Amarnath Gupta? Maryann E. Martonez ?San

  12. GIANT PLANETS ORBITING METAL-RICH STARS SHOW SIGNATURES OF PLANET-PLANET INTERACTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dawson, Rebekah I.; Murray-Clay, Ruth A., E-mail: rdawson@cfa.harvard.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-10, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas giants orbiting interior to the ice line are thought to have been displaced from their formation locations by processes that remain debated. Here we uncover several new metallicity trends, which together may indicate that two competing mechanisms deliver close-in giant planets: gentle disk migration, operating in environments with a range of metallicities, and violent planet-planet gravitational interactions, primarily triggered in metal-rich systems in which multiple giant planets can form. First, we show with 99.1% confidence that giant planets with semimajor axes between 0.1 and 1 AU orbiting metal-poor stars ([Fe/H] < 0) are confined to lower eccentricities than those orbiting metal-rich stars. Second, we show with 93.3% confidence that eccentric proto-hot Jupiters undergoing tidal circularization primarily orbit metal-rich stars. Finally, we show that only metal-rich stars host a pile-up of hot Jupiters, helping account for the lack of such a pile-up in the overall Kepler sample. Migration caused by stellar perturbers (e.g., stellar Kozai) is unlikely to account for the trends. These trends further motivate follow-up theoretical work addressing which hot Jupiter migration theories can also produce the observed population of eccentric giant planets between 0.1 and 1 AU.

  13. In-medium effects for nuclear matter in the Fermi energy domain D. Durand,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    In-medium effects for nuclear matter in the Fermi energy domain O. Lopez,1 D. Durand,1 G. Lehaut,1 of nuclear reactions in the Fermi energy domain. I. INTRODUCTION Transport properties in nuclear matter energy domain, transport features should exhibit the in- terplay between mean-field (nuclear degrees

  14. Phase-field simulation of strain-induced domain switching in magnetic thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Long-Qing

    Phase-field simulation of strain-induced domain switching in magnetic thin films Jia-Mian Hu, G of the Bloch point in a magnetic film with strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy Low Temp. Phys. 37, 690 (2011) Evolution of magnetic bubble domains in manganite films Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 042503 (2011) 360° domain wall

  15. Time domain half-space dyadic Green's functions for eddy-current calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowler, John R.

    Time domain half-space dyadic Green's functions for eddy-current calculations J. R. Bowlera) Centre American Institute of Physics. S0021-8979 99 08422-4 I. TIME DOMAIN INTERACTION The calculation of eddy-current-domain eddy-current scattering problems for cases in which a scat- terer is embedded in an otherwise

  16. A Study of Revenue Flows in Packet Networks under Multiple Administrative Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Study of Revenue Flows in Packet Networks under Multiple Administrative Domains Saadullah Tareenx that they usually only consider a single network and always consider a single administrative domain when for a detailed study of more realistic networks under multiple administrative domains. The interac- tions between

  17. Modulation-domain Kalman filtering for single-channel speech enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modulation-domain Kalman filtering for single-channel speech enhancement Stephen So , Kuldip K-term correlation speech information in the time domain. As a result, the MDKF method produces enhanced speech speech parameters) outperforms all the acoustic and time-domain enhancement methods that were evaluated

  18. BAYESIAN SINGLE CHANNEL SPEECH ENHANCEMENT EXPLOITING SPARSENESS IN THE ICA DOMAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    BAYESIAN SINGLE CHANNEL SPEECH ENHANCEMENT EXPLOITING SPARSENESS IN THE ICA DOMAIN Liang Hong We propose a Bayesian single channel speech enhance- ment algorithm to exploit speech sparseness, further used to estimate enhanced speech in the time domain, and (2) ICA domain transformation of data

  19. Propagating and reflecting of spin wave in permalloy nanostrip with 360° domain wall

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Senfu; Mu, Congpu; Zhu, Qiyuan; Zheng, Qi; Liu, Xianyin; Wang, Jianbo; Liu, Qingfang, E-mail: liuqf@lzu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

    2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    By micromagnetic simulation, we investigated the interaction between propagating spin wave (or magnonic) and a 360° domain wall in a nanostrip. It is found that propagating spin wave can drive a 360° domain wall motion, and the velocity and direction are closely related to the transmission coefficient of the spin wave of the domain wall. When the spin wave passes through the domain wall completely, the 360° domain wall moves toward the spin wave source. When the spin wave is reflected by the domain wall, the 360° domain wall moves along the spin wave propagation direction. Moreover, when the frequency of the spin wave is coincident with that of the 360° domain wall normal mode, the 360° domain wall velocity will be resonantly enhanced no matter which direction the 360 DW moves along. On the other hand, when the spin wave is reflected from the moving 360° domain wall, we observed the Doppler effect clearly. After passing through a 360° domain wall, the phase of the spin wave is changed, and the phase shift is related to the frequency. Nevertheless, phase shift could be manipulated by the number of 360° domain walls that spin wave passing through.

  20. Molecular dissection of the roles of nucleotide binding and hydrolysis in dynein's AAA domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vale, Ronald D.

    Molecular dissection of the roles of nucleotide binding and hydrolysis in dynein's AAA domains (ATPase associated with various cellular activities) domains that are thought to bind nucleotide; the role of nucleotide binding and hydrolysis in each of these four AAA domains has constituted an important and unre

  1. Compactness of the ? ? -Neumann Operator on the Intersection Domains in ?^(N)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayyuru, Mustafa

    2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ) domains satisfies McNeal's property ( P ?). More precisely, let ?_(1) and ?_(2) be bounded (not necessarily smooth) pseudoconvex domains in ?^(n) which intersect each other in a domain ?. If the ? ?-Neumann operators N_(q)^(?_(1)) and N_(q)^(?_(2...

  2. Apollo 13: A Challenge Domain for the Planning Community C Henrik Westerberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, John

    Apollo 13: A Challenge Domain for the Planning Community C Henrik Westerberg and John Levine a state, a complicated examination and update occurs each time an action is simulated. Apollo 13 is a new domains. Apollo 13 is a domain based on the task of devising an emergency start up procedure for computer

  3. The BARD1 C-Terminal Domain Structure and Interactions with Polyadenylation Factor CstF-50

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Ross A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    specificities of BRCA1 COOH-terminal (BRCT) domains. J.D. L. (1997) The C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase IIand Baer, R. ( 1998) The C-terminal (BRCT) domains of BRCA1

  4. The conserved glycine residues in the transmembrane domain of the Semliki Forest virus fusion protein are not required for assembly and fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liao Maofu [Department of Cell Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461 (United States); Kielian, Margaret [Department of Cell Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461 (United States)]. E-mail: kielian@aecom.yu.edu

    2005-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The alphavirus Semliki Forest virus (SFV) infects cells via a low pH-triggered fusion reaction mediated by the viral E1 protein. Both the E1 fusion peptide and transmembrane (TM) domain are essential for membrane fusion, but the functional requirements for the TM domain are poorly understood. Here we explored the role of the five TM domain glycine residues, including the highly conserved glycine pair at E1 residues 415/416. SFV mutants with alanine substitutions for individual or all five glycine residues (5G/A) showed growth kinetics and fusion pH dependence similar to those of wild-type SFV. Mutants with increasing substitution of glycine residues showed an increasingly more stringent requirement for cholesterol during fusion. The 5G/A mutant showed decreased fusion kinetics and extent in fluorescent lipid mixing assays. TM domain glycine residues thus are not required for efficient SFV fusion or assembly but can cause subtle effects on the properties of membrane fusion.

  5. Engine technology advances show potential in labs: Part 1. [Retrofitting engine systems on gas distribution networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCoy, J.J. (Tenneco Gas Co., Houston, TX (United States)); Willson, B. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States))

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cutting fuel consumption and reducing emissions are dominant goals of stationary gas engine operators. Recent technology advances show promise and could result in money-saving retrofit options. Selected new technologies include sensors, actuators--defined as anything controlling the engine: fuel and ignition--and control techniques. An attractive feature of most of these technologies is that they can be retrofitted onto existing engines, allowing the potential for improved performance at a fraction of engine replacement cost. This paper reviews these new technologies and how they perform.

  6. Time-delayed coupled chaotic semiconductor lasers show new types of synchronization: Experiment and theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aviad, Y; Zigzag, M; Rosenbluh, M; Kanter, I

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Topologies of two, three and four time-delay-coupled chaotic semiconductor lasers are experimentally and theoretically found to show new types of synchronization. Shifted zero-lag synchronization is observed for two lasers separated by long distances even when their self-feedback delays are not equal. Shifted sub-lattice synchronization is observed for quadrilateral geometries while the equilateral triangle is zero-lag synchronized. Generalized zero-lag synchronization, without the limitation of precisely matched delays, opens possibilities for advanced multi-user communication protocols.

  7. Time-delayed coupled chaotic semiconductor lasers show new types of synchronization: Experiment and theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Aviad; I. Reidler; M. Zigzag; M. Rosenbluh; I. Kanter

    2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Topologies of two, three and four time-delay-coupled chaotic semiconductor lasers are experimentally and theoretically found to show new types of synchronization. Shifted zero-lag synchronization is observed for two lasers separated by long distances even when their self-feedback delays are not equal. Shifted sub-lattice synchronization is observed for quadrilateral geometries while the equilateral triangle is zero-lag synchronized. Generalized zero-lag synchronization, without the limitation of precisely matched delays, opens possibilities for advanced multi-user communication protocols.

  8. The Conducting of a Mining Negotiation Showing the Scheme of Engineering Involved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, George T.

    1911-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and capable of lifting the heaviest piece of any one of these machines. CEAIIT BLOCKS:- One fl) 8 ton triplex chain block, complete, equip- ped with sufficient chain for a 14* lift. One (1) 3 ton triplex chain block, equipped with sufficient chain for a 22... E S I S , "The conducting of a Mining negotiation Show- ng the Scheme of Engineering Involved." Taken from Actual Practice 13 7 SEQRGE T. HAISB1 MIIIIS SALES EET5IHEBR ALLIS GHALMBBS OOMPASY ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI Presented to the College...

  9. U.S. diesel fuel price shows no movement from a week ago

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea: U.S.diesel fuel price shows no

  10. New Report Shows Downward Trend in LCOE for Wind | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREof EnergyBulbs | DepartmentCapabilitiesReport Shows

  11. Microstructural features and domain formation in (Ba,Sr){sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} fresnoites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, Chui Ling, E-mail: wong0233@e.ntu.edu.sg [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Ferraris, Cristiano [Laboratoire de Mineralogie et Cosmchimie du Museum National d'Historie Naturelle, UMR-CNRS 7202, CP 52, 61 Rue Buffon, 75005 Paris (France); White, T.J. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Centre for Advanced Microscopy, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation and co-existence of crystallographically modulated and non-modulated regions in (Ba,Sr){sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} fresnoites is reviewed, particularly the dependence on local composition. It is shown that perturbations of the average fresnoite structure, determined from appreciable single crystals, are in some cases better described as nanometric domain intergrowths where departures from ideal stoichiometry are characteristics of incommensuration, while modulation is absent from volumes that are less perturbed chemically. Evidence for this differentiation is obtained from selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images. The domains are readily distinguished by their unique contrast in bright field electron micrographs. Fourier reconstructions of HRTEM images collected from areas with darker contrast show that modulation can change within relatively small volumes. Nearby areas with lighter contrast were found by SAED to be free of structural disorder and incommensurate reflections. - Graphical abstract: Fresnoite layers contain SiO{sub 4} and TiO{sub 5} polyhedra that undergo run rotation and tilting to create 3D, 4D and 5D structural modulations that can be directly observed by electron diffraction and high resolution imaging. Highlights: {yields}(Ba,Sr){sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} fresnoites contain commensurate and incommensurate domains. > Departures in stoichiometry promote the formation of nanostructured domains. > Domains formation may provide a means for reducing strain in single crystals.

  12. Structures of the Porphyromonas gingivalis OxyR regulatory domain explain differences in expression of the OxyR regulon in Escherichia coli and P. gingivalis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Svintradze, David V. [Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0566 (United States); Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23219-1540 (United States); Peterson, Darrell L. [Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23219-1540 (United States); Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0614 (United States); Collazo-Santiago, Evys A.; Lewis, Janina P. [Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0566 (United States); Wright, H. Tonie, E-mail: xrdproc@vcu.edu [Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23219-1540 (United States); Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0614 (United States); Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0566 (United States)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Differences in OxyR regulated expression of oxidative stress genes between Escherichia coli and Porphyromonas gingivalis are explained by very minor differences in structure and amino-acid sequence of the respective oxidized and reduced OxyR regulatory domains. These differences affect OxyR quaternary structures and are predicted from model building of full length OxyR–DNA complexes to confer distinct modes of DNA binding on this transcriptional regulator. OxyR transcriptionally regulates Escherichia coli oxidative stress response genes through a reversibly reducible cysteine disulfide biosensor of cellular redox status. Structural changes induced by redox changes in these cysteines are conformationally transmitted to the dimer subunit interfaces, which alters dimer and tetramer interactions with DNA. In contrast to E. coli OxyR regulatory-domain structures, crystal structures of Porphyromonas gingivalis OxyR regulatory domains show minimal differences in dimer configuration on changes in cysteine disulfide redox status. This locked configuration of the P. gingivalis OxyR regulatory-domain dimer closely resembles the oxidized (activating) form of the E. coli OxyR regulatory-domain dimer. It correlates with the observed constitutive activation of some oxidative stress genes in P. gingivalis and is attributable to a single amino-acid insertion in P. gingivalis OxyR relative to E. coli OxyR. Modelling of full-length P. gingivalis, E. coli and Neisseria meningitidis OxyR–DNA complexes predicts different modes of DNA binding for the reduced and oxidized forms of each.

  13. Postinduction represssion of the. beta. -interferon gene is mediated through two positive regulatory domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whittemore, L.A.; Maniatis, T. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (USA))

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Virus induction of the human {beta}-interferon ({beta}-IFN) gene results in an increase in the rate of {beta}-IFN mRNA synthesis, followed by a rapid postinduction decrease. In this paper, the authors show that two {beta}-IFN promoter elements, positive regulatory domains I and II (PRDI and PRDII), which are required for virus induction of the {beta}-IFN gene are also required for the postinduction turnoff. Although protein synthesis is not necessary for activation, it is necessary for repression of these promoter elements. Examination of nuclear extracts from cells infected with virus reveals the presence of virus-inducible, cycloheximide-sensitive, DNA-binding activities that interact specifically with PRDI or PRDII. They propose that the postinduction repression of {beta}-IFN gene transcription involves virus inducible repressors that either bind directly to the positive regulatory elements of the {beta}-IFN promoter or inactivate the positive regulatory factors bound to PRDI and PRDII.

  14. Persistent conductive footprints of 109° domain walls in bismuth ferrite films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stolichnov, I.; Iwanowska, M.; Colla, E.; Setter, N. [Ceramics Laboratory, EPFL-Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne 1015 (Switzerland); Ziegler, B.; Gaponenko, I.; Paruch, P. [DPMC-MaNEP, University of Geneva, 24 Quai Ernest Ansermet, 1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland); Huijben, M.; Rijnders, G. [Faculty of Science and Technology and MESA Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Using conductive and piezoforce microscopy, we reveal a complex picture of electronic transport at weakly conductive 109° domain walls in bismuth ferrite films. Even once initial ferroelectric stripe domains are changed/erased, persistent conductive paths signal the original domain wall position. The conduction at such domain wall “footprints” is activated by domain movement and decays rapidly with time, but can be re-activated by opposite polarity voltage. The observed phenomena represent true leakage conduction rather than merely displacement currents. We propose a scenario of hopping transport in combination with thermionic injection over interfacial barriers controlled by the ferroelectric polarization.

  15. Lithium inclusion in indium metal-organic frameworks showing increased surface area and hydrogen adsorption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bosch, Mathieu; Zhang, Muwei; Feng, Dawei; Yuan, Shuai; Wang, Xuan [Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77842 (United States); Chen, Ying-Pin [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77842 (United States); Zhou, Hong-Cai, E-mail: zhou@mail.chem.tamu.edu [Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77842 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77842 (United States)

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Investigation of counterion exchange in two anionic In-Metal-Organic Frameworks (In-MOFs) showed that partial replacement of disordered ammonium cations was achieved through the pre-synthetic addition of LiOH to the reaction mixture. This resulted in a surface area increase of over 1600% in (Li [In(1,3 ? BDC){sub 2}]){sub n} and enhancement of the H{sub 2} uptake of approximately 275% at 80?000 Pa at 77 K. This method resulted in frameworks with permanent lithium content after repeated solvent exchange as confirmed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Lithium counterion replacement appears to increase porosity after activation through replacement of bulkier, softer counterions and demonstrates tuning of pore size and properties in MOFs.

  16. Time-domain simulation of nonlinear radiofrequency phenomena

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, Thomas G.; Austin, Travis M.; Smithe, David N.; Loverich, John [Tech-X Corporation, 5621 Arapahoe Avenue, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Hakim, Ammar H. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonlinear effects associated with the physics of radiofrequency wave propagation through a plasma are investigated numerically in the time domain, using both fluid and particle-in-cell (PIC) methods. We find favorable comparisons between parametric decay instability scenarios observed on the Alcator C-MOD experiment [J. C. Rost, M. Porkolab, and R. L. Boivin, Phys. Plasmas 9, 1262 (2002)] and PIC models. The capability of fluid models to capture important nonlinear effects characteristic of wave-plasma interaction (frequency doubling, cyclotron resonant absorption) is also demonstrated.

  17. Energy dissipation in single-domain ferromagnetic nanoparticles: Dynamical approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. V. Lyutyy; S. I. Denisov; A. Yu. Peletskyi; C. Binns

    2015-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We study, both analytically and numerically, the phenomenon of energy dissipation in single-domain ferromagnetic nanoparticles driven by an alternating magnetic field. Our interest is focused on the power loss resulting from the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation, which describes the precessional motion of the nanoparticle magnetic moment. We determine the power loss as a function of the field amplitude and frequency and analyze its dependence on different regimes of forced precession induced by circularly and linearly polarized magnetic fields. The conditions to maximize the nanoparticle heating are also analyzed.

  18. New confining force solution of QCD axion domain wall problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. M. Barr; Jihn E. Kim

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The serious cosmological problems created by the axion-string/axion-domain-wall system in standard axion models are alleviated by positing the existence of a new confining force. The instantons of this force can generate an axion potential that erases the axion strings long before QCD effects become important, thus preventing QCD-generated axion walls from ever appearing. Axion walls generated by the new confining force would decay so early as not to contribute significantly to the energy in axion dark matter.

  19. Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900Steep SlopeStochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic

  20. Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900Steep SlopeStochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in

  1. Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900Steep SlopeStochastic Domain-Wall Depinning inStochastic

  2. Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900Steep SlopeStochastic Domain-Wall Depinning

  3. Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900Steep SlopeStochastic Domain-Wall DepinningStochastic

  4. Structure of the Specificity Domain of Bacterial RNase P

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer SolarStructure of the Kinase Domain3 Andrey S.

  5. Domain Walls and Anchoring Transitions Mimicking Nematic Biaxiality in the Oxadiazole Bent-Core Liquid Crystal C7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young-ki Kim; Greta Cukrov; Jie Xiang; Sung-Tae Shin; Oleg D. Lavrentovich

    2015-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the origin of secondary disclinations that were recently described as a new evidence of a biaxial nematic phase in an oxadiazole bent-core thermotropic liquid crystal C7. With an assortment of optical techniques such as polarizing optical microscopy, LC PolScope, and fluorescence confocal polarizing microscopy, we demonstrate that the secondary disclinations represent non-singular domain walls formed in an uniaxial nematic during the surface anchoring transition, in which surface orientation of the director changes from tangential (parallel to the bounding plates) to tilted. Each domain wall separates two regions with the director tilted in opposite azimuthal directions. At the centre of the wall, the director remains parallel to the bonding plates. The domain walls can be easily removed by applying a modest electric field. The anchoring transition is explained by the balance of (a) the intrinsic perpendicular surface anchoring produced by the polyimide aligning layer and (b) tangential alignment caused by ionic impurities forming electric double layers. The model is supported by the fact that the temperature of the tangential-tilted anchoring transition decreases as the cell thickness increases and as the concentration of ionic species (added salt) increases. We also demonstrate that the surface alignment is strongly affected by thermal degradation of the samples. The study shows that C7 exhibits only a uniaxial nematic phase and demonstrate yet another mechanism (formation of secondary disclinations) by which a uniaxial nematic can mimic a biaxial nematic behaviour.

  6. Ranking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    printers,... ­ User generated. T i bl 3D h· Trimble 3D warehouse... 3D model retrieval is essential scanners, 3D printers,... ­ User generated. T i bl 3D h· Trimble 3D warehouse... 3D model retrievalRanking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model

  7. Ranking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    printers,... ­ User generated. T i bl 3D h· Trimble 3D warehouse... 3D model retrieval is essentialRanking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model Retrieval Takahiko FuruyaRyutarou Ohbuchi University of Yamanashi #12;IntroductionIntroduction 3D models

  8. Petrology of the Devonian gas-bearing shale along Lake Erie helps explain gas shows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broadhead, R.F.; Potter, P.E.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comprehensive petrologic study of 136 thin sections of the Ohio Shale along Lake Erie, when combined with detailed stratigraphic study, helps explain the occurrence of its gas shows, most of which occur in the silty, greenish-gray, organic poor Chagrin Shale and Three Lick Bed. Both have thicker siltstone laminae and more siltstone beds than other members of the Ohio Shale and both units also contain more clayshales. The source of the gas in the Chagrin Shale and Three Lick Bed of the Ohio Shale is believed to be the bituminous-rich shales of the middle and lower parts of the underlying Huron Member of the Ohio Shale. Eleven petrographic types were recognized and extended descriptions are provided of the major ones - claystones, clayshales, mudshales, and bituminous shales plus laminated and unlaminated siltstones and very minor marlstones and sandstones. In addition three major types of lamination were identified and studied. Thirty-two shale samples were analyzed for organic carbon, whole rock hydrogen and whole rock nitrogen with a Perkin-Elmer 240 Elemental Analyzer and provided the data base for source rock evaluation of the Ohio Shale.

  9. Time domain simulations of arm locking in LISA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thorpe, J. I.; Livas, J. [Gravitational Astrophysics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Maghami, P. [Attitude Control Systems Engineering Branch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Arm locking is a proposed laser frequency stabilization technique for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA), a gravitational-wave observatory sensitive in the milliHertz frequency band. Arm locking takes advantage of the geometric stability of the triangular constellation of three spacecraft that compose LISA to provide a frequency reference with a stability in the LISA measurement band that exceeds that available from a standard reference such as an optical cavity or molecular absorption line. We have implemented a time-domain simulation of a Kalman-filter-based arm-locking system that includes the expected limiting noise sources as well as the effects of imperfect a priori knowledge of the constellation geometry on which the design is based. We use the simulation to study aspects of the system performance that are difficult to capture in a steady-state frequency-domain analysis such as frequency pulling of the master laser due to errors in estimates of heterodyne frequency. We find that our implementation meets requirements on both the noise and dynamic range of the laser frequency with acceptable tolerances and that the design is sufficiently insensitive to errors in the estimated constellation geometry that the required performance can be maintained for the longest continuous measurement intervals expected for the LISA mission.

  10. Proton decay matrix elements with domain-wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Aoki; C. Dawson; J. Noaki; A. Soni

    2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Hadronic matrix elements of operators relevant to nucleon decay in grand unified theories are calculated numerically using lattice QCD. In this context, the domain-wall fermion formulation, combined with non-perturbative renormalization, is used for the first time. These techniques bring reduction of a large fraction of the systematic error from the finite lattice spacing. Our main effort is devoted to a calculation performed in the quenched approximation, where the direct calculation of the nucleon to pseudoscalar matrix elements, as well as the indirect estimate of them from the nucleon to vacuum matrix elements, are performed. First results, using two flavors of dynamical domain-wall quarks for the nucleon to vacuum matrix elements are also presented to address the systematic error of quenching, which appears to be small compared to the other errors. Our results suggest that the representative value for the low energy constants from the nucleon to vacuum matrix elements are given as |alpha| simeq |beta| simeq 0.01 GeV^3. For a more reliable estimate of the physical low energy matrix elements, it is better to use the relevant form factors calculated in the direct method. The direct method tends to give smaller value of the form factors, compared to the indirect one, thus enhancing the proton life-time; indeed for the pi^0 final state the difference between the two methods is quite appreciable.

  11. Example Work Domain Analysis for a Reference Sodium Fast Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hugo, Jacques [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Oxstrand, Johanna [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear industry is currently designing and building a new generation of reactors that will include different structural, functional, and environmental aspects, all of which are likely to have a significant impact on the way these plants are operated. In order to meet economic and safety objectives, these new reactors will all use advanced technologies to some extent, including new materials and advanced digital instrumentation and control systems. New technologies will affect not only operational strategies, but will also require a new approach to how functions are allocated to humans or machines to ensure optimal performance. Uncertainty about the effect of large scale changes in plant design will remain until sound technical bases are developed for new operational concepts and strategies. Up-to-date models and guidance are required for the development of operational concepts for complex socio-technical systems. This report describes how the classical Work Domain Analysis method was adapted to develop operational concept frameworks for new plants. This adaptation of the method is better able to deal with the uncertainty and incomplete information typical of first-of-a-kind designs. Practical examples are provided of the systematic application of the method in the operational analysis of sodium-cooled reactors. Insights from this application and its utility are reviewed and arguments for the formal adoption of Work Domain Analysis as a value-added part of the Systems Engineering process are presented.

  12. Phylogenomic and functional domain analysis of polyketide synthases in Fusarium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Daren W.; Butchko, Robert A.; Baker, Scott E.; Proctor, Robert H.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fusarium species are ubiquitous in nature, cause a range of plant diseases, and produce a variety of chemicals often referred to as secondary metabolites. Although some fungal secondary metabolites affect plant growth or protect plants from other fungi and bacteria, their presence in grain based food and feed is more often associated with a variety of diseases in plants and in animals. Many of these structurally diverse metabolites are derived from a family of related enzymes called polyketide synthases (PKSs). A search of genomic sequence of Fusarium verticillioides, F. graminearum, F. oxysporum and Nectria haematococca (anamorph F. solani) identified a total of 58 PKS genes. To gain insight into how this gene family evolved and to guide future studies, we conducted a phylogenomic and functional domain analysis. The resulting genealogy suggested that Fusarium PKSs represent 34 different groups responsible for synthesis of different core metabolites. The analyses indicate that variation in the Fusarium PKS gene family is due to gene duplication and loss events as well as enzyme gain-of-function due to the acquisition of new domains or of loss-of-function due to nucleotide mutations. Transcriptional analysis indicate that the 16 F. verticillioides PKS genes are expressed under a range of conditions, further evidence that they are functional genes that confer the ability to produce secondary metabolites.

  13. Anti-phase domains in cubic GaN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maria Kemper, Ricarda; Schupp, Thorsten; Haeberlen, Maik; Lindner, Joerg; Josef As, Donat [University of Paderborn, Department of Physics, Warburger Str. 100, D-33098 Paderborn (Germany); Niendorf, Thomas; Maier, Hans-Juergen [University of Paderborn, Lehrstuhl fuer Werkstoffkunde, Pohlweg 47-49, D-33098 Paderborn (Germany); Dempewolf, Anja; Bertram, Frank; Christen, Juergen [University of Magdeburg, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, P.O. Box 4120, D-39016 Magdeburg (Germany); Kirste, Ronny; Hoffmann, Axel [Technische Universitaet Berlin, Institute of Solid State Physics, Hardenbergstr. 36, D-10623 Berlin (Germany)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The existence of anti-phase domains in cubic GaN grown on 3C-SiC/Si (001) substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy is reported. The influence of the 3C-SiC/Si (001) substrate morphology is studied with emphasis on the anti-phase domains (APDs). The GaN nucleation is governed by the APDs of the substrate, resulting in equal plane orientation and the same anti-phase boundaries. The presence of the APDs is independent of the GaN layer thickness. Atomic force microscopy surface analysis indicates lateral growth anisotropy of GaN facets in dependence of the APD orientation. This anisotropy can be linked to Ga and N face types of the {l_brace}111{r_brace} planes, similar to observations of anisotropic growth in 3C-SiC. In contrast to 3C-SiC, however, a difference in GaN phase composition for the two types of APDs can be measured by electron backscatter diffraction, {mu}-Raman and cathodoluminescence spectroscopy.

  14. Time-resolved observation of fast domain-walls driven by vertical spin currents in short tracks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sampaio, Joao; Lequeux, Steven; Chanthbouala, Andre; Cros, Vincent; Grollier, Julie [Unité Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales and Université Paris-Sud 11, 1 Ave. A. Fresnel, 91767 Palaiseau (France)] [Unité Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales and Université Paris-Sud 11, 1 Ave. A. Fresnel, 91767 Palaiseau (France); Metaxas, Peter J. [Unité Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales and Université Paris-Sud 11, 1 Ave. A. Fresnel, 91767 Palaiseau (France) [Unité Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales and Université Paris-Sud 11, 1 Ave. A. Fresnel, 91767 Palaiseau (France); School of Physics, M013, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley WA 6009 (Australia); Matsumoto, Rie; Yakushiji, Kay; Kubota, Hitoshi; Fukushima, Akio; Yuasa, Shinji [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)] [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Nishimura, Kazumasa; Nagamine, Yoshinori; Maehara, Hiroki; Tsunekawa, Koji [Process Development Center, Canon ANELVA Corporation, Kurigi 2-5-1, Asao, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 215-8550 (Japan)] [Process Development Center, Canon ANELVA Corporation, Kurigi 2-5-1, Asao, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 215-8550 (Japan)

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present time-resolved measurements of the displacement of magnetic domain-walls (DWs) driven by vertical spin-polarized currents in track-shaped magnetic tunnel junctions. In these structures, we observe very high DW velocities (600?m/s) at current densities below 10{sup 7}?A/cm{sup 2}. We show that the efficient spin-transfer torque combined with a short propagation distance allows avoiding the Walker breakdown process and achieving deterministic, reversible, and fast (?1?ns) DW-mediated switching of magnetic tunnel junction elements, which is of great interest for the implementation of fast DW-based spintronic devices.

  15. Holographic imaging based on time-domain data of natural-fiber-containing materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bunch, Kyle J.; McMakin, Douglas L.

    2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and apparatuses for imaging material properties in natural-fiber-containing materials can utilize time-domain data. In particular, images can be constructed that provide quantified measures of localized moisture content. For example, one or more antennas and at least one transceiver can be configured to collect time-domain data from radiation interacting with the natural-fiber-containing materials. The antennas and the transceivers are configured to transmit and receive electromagnetic radiation at one or more frequencies, which are between 50 MHz and 1 THz, according to a time-domain impulse function. A computing device is configured to transform the time-domain data to frequency-domain data, to apply a synthetic imaging algorithm for constructing a three-dimensional image of the natural-fiber-containing materials, and to provide a quantified measure of localized moisture content based on a pre-determined correlation of moisture content to frequency-domain data.

  16. Near-field resonance shifts of ferroelectric barium titanate domains upon low-temperature phase transition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Döring, Jonathan; Ribbeck, Hans-Georg von; Kehr, Susanne C.; Eng, Lukas M. [Institut für Angewandte Photophysik, Technische Universität Dresden, George-Bähr-Straße 1, D-01069 Dresden (Germany); Fehrenbacher, Markus [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstraße 400, D-01328 Dresden (Germany)

    2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Scattering scanning near-field optical microscopy (s-SNOM) has been established as an excellent tool to probe domains in ferroelectric crystals at room temperature. Here, we apply the s-SNOM possibilities to quantify low-temperature phase transitions in barium titanate single crystals by both temperature-dependent resonance spectroscopy and domain distribution imaging. The orthorhombic-to-tetragonal structural phase transition at 263?K manifests in a change of the spatial arrangement of ferroelectric domains as probed with a tunable free-electron laser. More intriguingly, the domain distribution unravels non-favored domain configurations upon sample recovery to room temperature as explainable by increased sample disorder. Ferroelectric domains and topographic influences are clearly deconvolved even at low temperatures, since complementing our s-SNOM nano-spectroscopy with piezoresponse force microscopy and topographic imaging using one and the same atomic force microscope and tip.

  17. Using Built-In Domain-Specific Modeling Support to Guide Model-Based Test Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanstrén, Teemu; 10.4204/EPTCS.80.5

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a model-based testing approach to support automated test generation with domain-specific concepts. This includes a language expert who is an expert at building test models and domain experts who are experts in the domain of the system under test. First, we provide a framework to support the language expert in building test models using a full (Java) programming language with the help of simple but powerful modeling elements of the framework. Second, based on the model built with this framework, the toolset automatically forms a domain-specific modeling language that can be used to further constrain and guide test generation from these models by a domain expert. This makes it possible to generate a large set of test cases covering the full model, chosen (constrained) parts of the model, or manually define specific test cases on top of the model while using concepts familiar to the domain experts.

  18. Contributions of the center vortices and vacuum domain in potentials between static sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Sedigheh Deldar

    2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we study the role of the domain structure of the Yang Mills vacuum. The Casimir scaling and $N$-ality are investigated in the potentials between static sources in various representations for $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ gauge groups based on the domain structure model using square ansatz for angle $\\alpha_{C}(x)$. We also discuss about the contributions of the vacuum domain and center vortices in the static potentials. As a result, the potentials obtained from vacuum domains agree with Casimir scaling better than the ones obtained from center vortices. The reasons of these observations are investigated by studying the behavior of the potentials obtained from vacuum domains and center vortices and the properties of the group factors. Then, the vacuum domains in $SU(N)$ and $G(2)$ gauge groups are compared and we argue that the $G(2)$ vacuum is filled with center vortices of its subgroups.

  19. System and method for manipulating domain pinning and reversal in ferromagnetic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Silevitch, Daniel M.; Rosenbaum, Thomas F.; Aeppli, Gabriel

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for manipulating domain pinning and reversal in a ferromagnetic material comprises applying an external magnetic field to a uniaxial ferromagnetic material comprising a plurality of magnetic domains, where each domain has an easy axis oriented along a predetermined direction. The external magnetic field is applied transverse to the predetermined direction and at a predetermined temperature. The strength of the magnetic field is varied at the predetermined temperature, thereby isothermally regulating pinning of the domains. A magnetic storage device for controlling domain dynamics includes a magnetic hard disk comprising a uniaxial ferromagnetic material, a magnetic recording head including a first magnet, and a second magnet. The ferromagnetic material includes a plurality of magnetic domains each having an easy axis oriented along a predetermined direction. The second magnet is positioned adjacent to the magnetic hard disk and is configured to apply a magnetic field transverse to the predetermined direction.

  20. Crystal Structures of the Outer Membrane Domain of Intimin and Invasin from Enterohemorrhagic E. coli and Enteropathogenic Y. pseudotuberculosis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fairman, James W.; Dautin, Nathalie; Wojtowicz, Damian; Liu, Wei; Noinaj, Nicholas; Barnard, Travis J.; Udho, Eshwar; Przytycka, Teresa M.; Cherezov, Vadim; Buchanan, Susan K. (CUA); (Einstein); (NIH); (Scripps)

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Intimins and invasins are virulence factors produced by pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. They contain C-terminal extracellular passenger domains that are involved in adhesion to host cells and N-terminal {beta} domains that are embedded in the outer membrane. Here, we identify the domain boundaries of an E. coli intimin {beta} domain and use this information to solve its structure and the {beta} domain structure of a Y. pseudotuberculosis invasin. Both {beta} domain structures crystallized as monomers and reveal that the previous range of residues assigned to the {beta} domain also includes a protease-resistant domain that is part of the passenger. Additionally, we identify 146 nonredundant representative members of the intimin/invasin family based on the boundaries of the highly conserved intimin and invasin {beta} domains. We then use this set of sequences along with our structural data to find and map the evolutionarily constrained residues within the {beta} domain.

  1. Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Map showing location of wells permitted, drilled and seismic test 2012

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Jaffe, Todd

    Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Map showing location of wells permitted, drilled & seismic test, 2012

  2. Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Map showing location of wells permitted, drilled and seismic test 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaffe, Todd

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano: Map showing location of wells permitted, drilled & seismic test, 2012

  3. Magnetic helicity evolution in a periodic domain with imposed field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axel Brandenburg; William H. Matthaeus

    2004-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In helical hydromagnetic turbulence with an imposed magnetic field (which is constant in space and time) the magnetic helicity of the field within a periodic domain is no longer an invariant of the ideal equations. Alternatively, there is a generalized magnetic helicity that is an invariant of the ideal equations. It is shown that this quantity is not gauge invariant and that it can therefore not be used in practice. Instead, the evolution equation of the magnetic helicity of the field describing the deviation from the imposed field is shown to be a useful tool. It is demonstrated that this tool can determine steady state quenching of the alpha-effect. A simple three-scale model is derived to describe the evolution of the magnetic helicity and to predict its sign as a function of the imposed field strength. The results of the model agree favorably with simulations.

  4. Investigation of dominant spin wave modes by domain walls collision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramu, M.; Purnama, I.; Goolaup, S.; Chandra Sekhar, M.; Lew, W. S., E-mail: wensiang@ntu.edu.sg [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 21 Nanyang Link, Singapore 637371 (Singapore)

    2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Spin wave emission due to field-driven domain wall (DW) collision has been investigated numerically and analytically in permalloy nanowires. The spin wave modes generated are diagonally symmetric with respect to the collision point. The non-propagating mode has the highest amplitude along the middle of the width. The frequency of this mode is strongly correlated to the nanowire geometrical dimensions and is independent of the strength of applied field within the range of 0.1?mT to 1?mT. For nanowire with film thickness below 5?nm, a second spin wave harmonic mode is observed. The decay coefficient of the spin wave power suggests that the DWs in a memory device should be at least 300?nm apart for them to be free of interference from the spin waves.

  5. Exit time distribution in spherically symmetric two-dimensional domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rupprecht, J -F; Grebenkov, D S; Voituriez, R

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution of exit times is computed for a Brownian particle in spherically symmetric two- dimensional domains (disks, angular sectors, annuli) and in rectangles that contain an exit on their boundary. The governing partial differential equation of Helmholtz type with mixed Dirichlet- Neumann boundary conditions is solved analytically. We propose both an exact solution relying on a matrix inversion, and an approximate explicit solution. The approximate solution is shown to be exact for an exit of vanishing size and to be accurate even for large exits. For angular sectors, we also derive exact explicit formulas for the moments of the exit time. For annuli and rectangles, the approximate expression of the mean exit time is shown to be very accurate even for large exits. The analysis is also extended to biased diffusion. Since the Helmholtz equation with mixed boundary conditions is encountered in microfluidics, heat propagation, quantum billiards, and acoustics, the developed method can find numerous appl...

  6. Genetic algorithms applied to nonlinear and complex domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barash, D; Woodin, A E

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dissertation, titled ''Genetic Algorithms Applied to Nonlinear and Complex Domains'', describes and then applies a new class of powerful search algorithms (GAS) to certain domains. GAS are capable of solving complex and nonlinear problems where many parameters interact to produce a final result such as the optimization of the laser pulse in the interaction of an atom with an intense laser field. GAS can very efficiently locate the global maximum by searching parameter space in problems which are unsuitable for a search using traditional methods. In particular, the dissertation contains new scientific findings in two areas. First, the dissertation examines the interaction of an ultra-intense short laser pulse with atoms. GAS are used to find the optimal frequency for stabilizing atoms in the ionization process. This leads to a new theoretical formulation, to explain what is happening during the ionization process and how the electron is responding to finite (real-life) laser pulse shapes. It is shown that the dynamics of the process can be very sensitive to the ramp of the pulse at high frequencies. The new theory which is formulated, also uses a novel concept (known as the (t,t') method) to numerically solve the time-dependent Schrodinger equation Second, the dissertation also examines the use of GAS in modeling decision making problems. It compares GAS with traditional techniques to solve a class of problems known as Markov Decision Processes. The conclusion of the dissertation should give a clear idea of where GAS are applicable, especially in the physical sciences, in problems which are nonlinear and complex, i.e. difficult to analyze by other means.

  7. Genetic algorithms applied to nonlinear and complex domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barash, D; Woodin, A E

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dissertation, titled ''Genetic Algorithms Applied to Nonlinear and Complex Domains'', describes and then applies a new class of powerful search algorithms (GAS) to certain domains. GAS are capable of solving complex and nonlinear problems where many parameters interact to produce a ''final'' result such as the optimization of the laser pulse in the interaction of an atom with an intense laser field. GAS can very efficiently locate the global maximum by searching parameter space in problems which are unsuitable for a search using traditional methods. In particular, the dissertation contains new scientific findings in two areas. First, the dissertation examines the interaction of an ultra-intense short laser pulse with atoms. GAS are used to find the optimal frequency for stabilizing atoms in the ionization process. This leads to a new theoretical formulation, to explain what is happening during the ionization process and how the electron is responding to finite (real-life) laser pulse shapes. It is shown that the dynamics of the process can be very sensitive to the ramp of the pulse at high frequencies. The new theory which is formulated, also uses a novel concept (known as the (t,t') method) to numerically solve the time-dependent Schrodinger equation Second, the dissertation also examines the use of GAS in modeling decision making problems. It compares GAS with traditional techniques to solve a class of problems known as Markov Decision Processes. The conclusion of the dissertation should give a clear idea of where GAS are applicable, especially in the physical sciences, in problems which are nonlinear and complex, i.e. difficult to analyze by other means.

  8. Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems...

  9. X-ray imaging of extended magnetic domain walls in Ni80Fe20 wires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basu, S.; Fry, P. W.; Allwood, D. A.; Bryan, M. T.; Gibbs, M. R. J.; Schrefl, T.; Im, M.-Y.; Fischer, P.

    2009-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used magnetic transmission X-ray microscopy to image magnetization configurations in 700 nm wide Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} planar wires attached to 'nucleation' pads Domain walls were observed to inject only across half of the wire width but extend to several micrometers in length. Magnetostatic interactions with adjacent wires caused further unusual domain wall behavior. Micromagnetic modeling suggests the extended walls have Neel-like structure along their length and indicates weaker exchange coupling than is often assumed. These observations explain previous measurements of domain wall injection and demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in larger nanowires cannot always be considered as localized entities.

  10. Phosphopeptide interactions with BRCA1 BRCT domains: More than just a motif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Qian; Jubb, Harry; Blundell, Tom L.

    2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    structure showsrepresentation of BRCT domain mainchain is in slate colour and the globular structure is nd MQ. Wu et al. / Progress in Biophysics aphosphopeptide binding “tightens” the structure of tandem BRCT domains. 3.1. The first and second “anchors... 1 BRCT domains are in slate colour, Bach1 phosphopeptide in 1T29 is in pink, TopBP1 BRCT 7-8 BRCT domains are in green, Bach1 phosphopeptide in 3AL3 is in yellow, BRCA1-BRCT-only structure is in wheat. Polar interaction is indicated in grey dashed...

  11. The Plasma Membrane of the Cyanobacterium Gloeobacter violaceus Contains Segregated Bioenergetic Domains C W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roegner, Matthias

    The Plasma Membrane of the Cyanobacterium Gloeobacter violaceus Contains Segregated Bioenergetic, in which both the photosynthetic and the respiratory complexes are concentrated. These bioenergetic domains

  12. Modeling Speaker Proficiency, Comprehensibility, and Perceived Competence in a Language Use Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidgall, Jonathan Edgar

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Applied Linguistics by Jonathan Edgar Schmidgall ©Copyright by Jonathan Edgar Schmidgall ABSTRACT OF THEUse Domain by Jonathan Edgar Schmidgall Doctor of Philosophy

  13. Shape of isolated domains in lithium tantalate single crystals at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shur, V. Ya., E-mail: vladimir.shur@usu.ru; Akhmatkhanov, A. R.; Baturin, I. S. [Ferroelectric Laboratory, Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation) [Ferroelectric Laboratory, Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Labfer Ltd., 620014 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Chezganov, D. S.; Lobov, A. I.; Smirnov, M. M. [Ferroelectric Laboratory, Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)] [Ferroelectric Laboratory, Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The shape of isolated domains has been investigated in congruent lithium tantalate (CLT) single crystals at elevated temperatures and analyzed in terms of kinetic approach. The obtained temperature dependence of the growing domain shape in CLT including circular shape at temperatures above 190?°C has been attributed to increase of relative input of isotropic ionic conductivity. The observed nonstop wall motion and independent domain growth after merging in CLT as opposed to stoichiometric lithium tantalate have been attributed to difference in wall orientation. The computer simulation has confirmed applicability of the kinetic approach to the domain shape explanation.

  14. Evolution of string-wall networks and axionic domain wall problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiramatsu, Takashi [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Kawasaki, Masahiro; Saikawa, Ken'ichi, E-mail: hiramatz@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp, E-mail: kawasaki@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: saikawa@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-ha, Kashiwa City, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan)

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the cosmological evolution of domain walls bounded by strings which arise naturally in axion models. If we introduce a bias in the potential, walls become metastable and finally disappear. We perform two dimensional lattice simulations of domain wall networks and estimate the decay rate of domain walls. By using the numerical results, we give a constraint for the bias parameter and the Peccei-Quinn scale. We also discuss the possibility to probe axion models by direct detection of gravitational waves produced by domain walls.

  15. Nucleon structure functions from dynamical (2+1)-flavor domain wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shigemi Ohta; for the RBC; UKQCD Collaborations

    2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We report lattice-volume independence of low moments of nucleon structure functions from the coarse RIKEN-BNL-Columbia (RBC) and UKQCD joint dynamical (2+1)-flavor domain-wall fermions (DWF) ensembles at the lattice cut off of (a^{-1}\\sim1.7) GeV. The isovector quark momentum fraction, (_{u-d}), and helicity fraction, (_{\\Delta u - \\Delta d}), both fully non-perturbatively renormalized are studied on two spatial volumes of ((\\sim {\\rm 2.7 fm})^3) and ((\\sim {\\rm 1.8 fm})^3). Their naturally renormalized ratio, (_{u-d}/_{\\Delta u - \\Delta d}), is not affected by any finite-size effect. It does not depend strongly on light quark mass and does agree well with the experiment. The respective absolute values, fully non-perturbatively renormalized, do not show any finite-size effect either. They show trending toward the respective experimental values at the lightest up- and down-quark mass. This trending down to the experimental values appears to be a real physical effect driven by lighter quarks. The observations are in contrast to the huge finite-size effect seen in the axial-current form factors.

  16. Topology density correlator on dynamical domain-wall ensembles with nearly frozen topological charge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JLQCD collaboration; H. Fukaya; S. Aoki; G. Cossu; S. Hashimoto; T. Kaneko; J. Noaki

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Global topological charge decorrelates very slowly or even freezes in fine lattice simulations. On the other hand, its local fluctuations are expected to survive and lead to the correct physical results as long as the volume is large enough. We investigate this issue on recently generated configurations including dynamical domain-wall fermions at lattice spacings a = 0.08 fm and finer. We utilize the Yang-Mills gradient flow to define the topological charge density operator and calculate its long-distance correlation, through which we propose a new method for extracting the topological susceptibility in a sub-volume. This method takes care of the finite volume correction, which reduces the bias caused by the global topological charge. Our lattice data clearly show a shorter auto-correlation time than that of the naive definition using the whole lattice, and are less sensitive to the global topological history. Numerical results show a clear sea-quark mass dependence, which agrees well with the prediction of chiral perturbation theory.

  17. Activation of G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 1 Involves Interactions between Its N-Terminal Region and Its Kinase Domain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Chih-chin; Orban, Tivadar; Jastrzebska, Beata; Palczewski, Krzysztof; Tesmer, John J.G. (Case Western); (Michigan)

    2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) phosphorylate activated G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to initiate receptor desensitization. In addition to the canonical phosphoacceptor site of the kinase domain, activated receptors bind to a distinct docking site that confers higher affinity and activates GRKs allosterically. Recent mutagenesis and structural studies support a model in which receptor docking activates a GRK by stabilizing the interaction of its 20-amino acid N-terminal region with the kinase domain. This interaction in turn stabilizes a closed, more active conformation of the enzyme. To investigate the importance of this interaction for the process of GRK activation, we first validated the functionality of the N-terminal region in rhodopsin kinase (GRK1) by site-directed mutagenesis and then introduced a disulfide bond to cross-link the N-terminal region of GRK1 with its specific binding site on the kinase domain. Characterization of the kinetic and biophysical properties of the cross-linked protein showed that disulfide bond formation greatly enhances the catalytic efficiency of the peptide phosphorylation, but receptor-dependent phosphorylation, Meta II stabilization, and inhibition of transducin activation were unaffected. These data indicate that the interaction of the N-terminal region with the kinase domain is important for GRK activation but does not dictate the affinity of GRKs for activated receptors.

  18. Let the show begin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1993-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Major changes should occur in the European polyolefins industry this year. BASF's (Ludwigshafen) polypropylene (PP) deal with ICI is expected to be followed by that of Hoechst (Frankfurt) and Petrofina (Brussels). The two are engaged in feasibility studies for a possible joint venture in PP and are expected to make a decision in the second quarter of this year. Shell and Himont are on track to complete their feasibility study in the first quarter for a polyolefins joint venture. And Huels and PCD are still in talks. But two new possible deals, a polyolefins merger between Nests (Helsinki) and Statoil (Stavanger) and an alliance in PP involving Appryl, the Elf Atochem (51%)/BP Chemicals (49%) joint venture, and Solvay have been denied. The Hoechst/Fina venture would initially encompass only the two companies European plants - Hoechst's 550,000-m.t./year and Fina's 180,000 m.t./year. In addition, Fina would either build or acquire another PP plant. In the second stage, the partners could bring in their overseas plants. Fina has plants in the US, and Hoechst has a combined 100,000 m.t./year in south Africa and Australia. Neste's board member Jukka Viinanen says the only talks between Nests and Statoil center on renegotiations of ethylene supply contract at Stenungsund, Sweden. Nests wants a more flexible deal on quantity and price. It needs 400,000 m.t./year of ethylene for its downstream plants. Viinanen adds that he is worried about the European petrochemical industry and producers need to do everything to improve margins through pricing policies and obtaining a balance between supply and demand. On the possibility of a future link with Statoil he comments, One can never say never. It would take time. We don't feel in a very vulnerable position right now.

  19. Producing Turkeys for Show

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornberry, Fredrick D.

    2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    together. 5. Keep the bird cool and adequately ven- tilated. 6. Keep toms and hens separate. 7. Never handle mature birds by the wings or drumsticks. Always put an arm over the wings and clasp the shanks in your hands when carrying a bird. 8. Check entries...

  20. "Embrace China" show in Houston will celebrate 65th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "Embrace China" show in Houston will celebrate 65th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China "Embrace China," a multi-arts show of the People's Republic of China. The Sino Professionals Association will host

  1. Laser speckle imaging in the spatial frequency domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Horizontal line profiles of (c-e) demodulated maps at three spatial frequencies shows increased sensitivity to 2 mm superficial tube flow (

  2. Specialising Finite Domain Programs Using Polyhedra Jacob M. Howe and Andy King

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    , for example the domain constraints that bound the values of the variables, reduces the search space and thereby speeds up the program. In order to reduce the search space, finite domain constraint solvers­ scribe the solution space over n integer variables as an n dimensional polyhedron. This polyhedron

  3. PIR: A Domain Specific Language for Multimedia Retrieval Xiaobing Huang and Tian Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tian

    PIR: A Domain Specific Language for Multimedia Retrieval Xiaobing Huang and Tian Zhao Department for efficiency and cannot be easily adapted for parallelization. In this paper, we present PIR (Pipeline To address these problems, we introduce a domain specific language: PIR 1 for developing MIR applications

  4. MoDPepInt: An interactive webserver for prediction of modular domain-peptide interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brendel, Volker

    MoDPepInt: An interactive webserver for prediction of modular domain-peptide interactions-Supervised Prediction of SH2-Peptide Interactions from Imbalanced High-Throughput Data PLoS One, 8(5), pp. e62732, 2013-peptide interaction prediction with an application to human SH3 domains Bioinformatics, 29(13), pp. i335-i343, 2013

  5. Coherent-control of linear signals: Frequency-domain analysis Shaul Mukamel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Coherent-control of linear signals: Frequency-domain analysis Shaul Mukamel Citation: The Journal, 164113 (2013) Coherent-control of linear signals: Frequency-domain analysis Shaul Mukamela) Department al.1 had demonstrated the coherent control of the photoisomerization of Rhodophin to linear order

  6. Reconstruction of nonstationary sound fields based on time domain plane wave superposition method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Reconstruction of nonstationary sound fields based on time domain plane wave superposition method X.-Z. Zhanga , J.-H. Thomasb , C.-X. Bia and J.-C. Pascalb a Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, Hefei of the Acoustics 2012 Nantes Conference 23-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 1811 #12;A time-domain plane wave

  7. Cyclic simplex coded OTDR SNR enhancement of coded optical time domain reflectometry using cyclic simplex codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Namkyoo

    Cyclic simplex coded OTDR SNR enhancement of coded optical time domain reflectometry using cyclic simplex codes *, , , e-mail : nkpark@plaza.snu.ac.kr Abstract: We propose and experimentally demonstrate the performance improvement of a coded optical time domain reflectometry using cyclic simplex

  8. Frequency Domain Turbo Equalization for MIMO-CPSC Systems with Large Delay Spreads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chockalingam, A.

    Frequency Domain Turbo Equalization for MIMO-CPSC Systems with Large Delay Spreads Yogendra U characterized by large delay spreads. A low-complexity graph based equalization is carried out in the frequency domain. Because of the reduction in correlation among the noise samples that happens for large frame

  9. Neutron irradiation effects on domain wall mobility and reversibility in lead zirconate titanate thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, Paulo J.

    changes.1 Damage accumulates when fast neutrons undergo scattering collisions with atomic nuclei resultingNeutron irradiation effects on domain wall mobility and reversibility in lead zirconate titanate://scitation.aip.org/termsconditions. Downloaded to ] IP: 146.6.84.63 On: Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:34:29 #12;Neutron irradiation effects on domain wall

  10. Fast multipole method applied to 3D frequency domain elastodynamics 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Fast multipole method applied to 3D frequency domain elastodynamics 1 J.A. Sanz a , M. Bonnet b,, J and implementation of a fast multipole- accelerated BEM for 3-D elastodynamics in the frequency domain, based is never explicitly formed. The truncation parameter in the multipole expansion is adjusted to the level

  11. Role of Pam16's degenerate J domain in protein import across the mitochondrial inner membrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craig, Elizabeth A

    Patrick R. D'Silva*, Brenda Schilke*, William Walter, and Elizabeth A. Craig Department of Biochemistry domain to stim- ulate Ssc1's ATPase domain, and (iii) the innately lower stimulatory activity of the Pam-terminal regions. In addition, the C-terminal region of Pam16 has significant sequence similarity to Pam18's C

  12. ADAPTIVE POSTFILTERING FOR ENHANCEMENT OF NOISY SPEECH IN THE FREQUENCY DOMAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabal, Peter

    ADAPTIVE POSTFILTERING FOR ENHANCEMENT OF NOISY SPEECH IN THE FREQUENCY DOMAIN Peter Kabal ' j 2 for enhancement of noisy speech. The postfilter suppresses the noise in spectral valleys and allows more noise that this new frequency-domain approach results in enhanced speech of better perceptual quality than obtained

  13. Single-channel speech enhancement using spectral subtraction in the short-time modulation domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Single-channel speech enhancement using spectral subtraction in the short-time modulation domain as an alternative to the acoustic domain for speech enhancement. More specif- ically, we wish to determine how. In this study, the effect of modulation frame duration on speech quality of the proposed enhancement method

  14. Wavelet Denoising of Chirp-Like Signals in the Fourier Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, John G.

    Wavelet Denoising of Chirp-Like Signals in the Fourier Domain Liping Deng and John G. Harris- Wavelet shrinkage is a simple yet powerful tool for denoising piecewise smooth signals. In this paper we conventional wavelet shrinkage. Then, we obtain the resulting time domain signal with the inverse Fourier

  15. Final:Realizing Domain-Specific Compiler Optimizations via Generic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -level" operations of built-in types; there are no mechanisms for defining domain-specific optimization rules languages (9) and the BroadWay compiler (6), allow more powerful domain-specific optimizations by devising and their operations, and, second, to annotate the programs to indicate where the transformations should apply

  16. nature materials | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturematerials 1 Domain-wall superconductivity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moshchalkov, Victor V.

    can be used in the S/F hybrids: individual magnetic dots12,13 or arrays of these14 , and non-patterned ferromagnetic thin films with bubble domains15 . Depending on the domain structure of the ferromagnet, theory3

  17. Phase diagram of magnetic domain walls in spin valve nano-stripes N. Rougemaille,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Phase diagram of magnetic domain walls in spin valve nano-stripes N. Rougemaille,1 V. UhlĂ­,2, 1 O walls in Co/Cu/Py spin valve nano-stripes (Py: Permalloy), in which the Co layer is mostly single domain Magneto- Resistance. These stacking are called spin valve for a metal spacer layer, and pseudo spin valve

  18. Unsupervised Metadata Extraction in Scientific Digital Libraries Using A-Priori Domain-Specific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchese, Maurizio

    Unsupervised Metadata Extraction in Scientific Digital Libraries Using A-Priori Domain to sustain the scalability of the semantic-enabled services of the future. Unsupervised infor- mation Libraries domain. We propose and present a novel approach focusing on the improvement in the metadata

  19. DOMAIN PATTERNS AND REVERSALS BY WALL MOVEMENTS OF THIN FILMS OF IRON AND NICKEL IRON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    310 DOMAIN PATTERNS AND REVERSALS BY WALL MOVEMENTS OF THIN FILMS OF IRON AND NICKEL IRON By C. E directions but in the case of the nickel-iron film the reversal of magnetization in the perpendicular domain reversals in nickel-iron films observed by the Kerr effect, and that of Williams and Sherwood [2

  20. Crystal Structure of the Passenger Domain of the Escherichia coli Autotransporter EspP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, Shekeb; Mian, Hira S.; Sandercock, Linda E.; Chirgadze, Nickolay Y.; Pai, Emil F. (Toronto); (OCI)

    2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Autotransporters represent a large superfamily of known and putative virulence factors produced by Gram-negative bacteria. They consist of an N-terminal 'passenger domain' responsible for the specific effector functions of the molecule and a C-terminal '{beta}-domain' responsible for translocation of the passenger across the bacterial outer membrane. Here, we present the 2.5-{angstrom} crystal structure of the passenger domain of the extracellular serine protease EspP, produced by the pathogen Escherichia coli O157:H7 and a member of the serine protease autotransporters of Enterobacteriaceae (SPATEs). Like the previously structurally characterized SPATE passenger domains, the EspP passenger domain contains an extended right-handed parallel {beta}-helix preceded by an N-terminal globular domain housing the catalytic function of the protease. Of note, however, is the absence of a second globular domain protruding from this {beta}-helix. We describe the structure of the EspP passenger domain in the context of previous results and provide an alternative hypothesis for the function of the {beta}-helix within SPATEs.

  1. Micro-and nanoscale domain engineering in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byer, Robert L.

    Micro- and nanoscale domain engineering in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate Vladimir Ya. Shur investigation of the domain evolution in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate during backswitched electric sources based on quasi-phase matching.11 Lithium niobate LiNbO3 (LN) and lithium tantalate LiTaO3 (LT

  2. Evolution of MDA-5/RIG-I-dependent innate immunity: Independent evolution by domain grafting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeSalle, Rob

    Evolution of MDA-5/RIG-I-dependent innate immunity: Independent evolution by domain grafting interferons. However, recent recognition of melanoma differentiation associated gene-5 (MDA-5) and retinoic- genetic origin of MDA-5 and RIG-I domain arrangement (CARD1- CARD2-helicase-DEAD/DEAH) indicates

  3. S. Boyd EE102 Time-domain properties of convolution systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Boyd EE102 Lecture 9 Time-domain properties of convolution systems · impulse response · step large input signals Time-domain properties of convolution systems 9­2 #12;Step response the (unit) step response is the output when the input is a unit step: s(t) = t 0 h() d (symbol s clashes with frequency

  4. Molecular Dynamics Simulation of the SH3 Domain Aggregation Suggests a Generic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    the elongation of amyloid fibrils.12 ­ 15 However, the domain swapping hypothesis is based on the aggregation and the open aggregation state. The closed dimer is formed by "domain swapping"-- the two proteins exchange human disease were found to be able to form amyloid fibril struc- tures in vitro under denaturing

  5. Layered Frequency-Domain Turbo Equalization for Single Carrier Broadband MIMO Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yahong Rosa

    Layered Frequency-Domain Turbo Equalization for Single Carrier Broadband MIMO Systems Jian Zhang 72701, USA Abstract-- A new layered frequency-domain turbo equalization (LFDTE) scheme is proposed the respective advantages of layered detection and turbo equalization to further lower the bit error rate (BER

  6. Anti-phase domains in cubic GaN Ricarda Maria Kemper,1,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    As, Donat Josef

    ) substrate morphology is studied with emphasis on the anti-phase domains (APDs). The GaN nucleation are the substrate of choice. There are three types of basic defects in epitaxial c-GaN thin films grown on 3CAnti-phase domains in cubic GaN Ricarda Maria Kemper,1,a) Thorsten Schupp,1 Maik Ha¨berlen,1 Thomas

  7. On the growth mode of two-lobed curvilinear graphene domains at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Eui-Hyeok

    such as transparent electrodes1 , supercapacitors2 , high-speed electronics3 , plasmonics4,5 , photovoltaics6 such as system thermodynamics and growth kinetics including surface diffusion16 , active species adsorption in the typical polycrystalline Cu plays a greater role in domain growth kinetics and thus domain shape, size

  8. Domain Controlled Architecture A New Approach for Large Scale Software Integrated Automotive Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kühnhauser, Winfried

    Domain Controlled Architecture A New Approach for Large Scale Software Integrated Automotive Scale Software Integration, LSSI, Automotive Real Time, Multi-core, Many-core, Embedded Automo- tive mobility domain. The automotive in- dustry is confronted with a rising system complexity and several

  9. Molecular Mechanism of MLL PHD3 and RNA Recognition by the Cyp33 RRM Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Molecular Mechanism of MLL PHD3 and RNA Recognition by the Cyp33 RRM Domain Robert A. Hom1 , Pei33 has been found to associate with the third plant homeodomain (PHD3) finger of the mixed lineage structure of the RRM domain of Cyp33 and describe the molecular mechanism of PHD3 and RNA recognition

  10. Supplementary Figure legends Supplementary Figure 1: Long term follow up of changing hair cycle domains on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maini, Philip K.

    Supplementary Figure legends Supplementary Figure 1: Long term follow up of changing hair cycle to trace the temporal changes of hair cycle domains. Pictures were taken every 2-3 days and selective ones are shown here. In normal pigmented mice, similar hair cycle domains can be revealed by simple hair clipping

  11. The ATPase Domain of SecA Can Form a Tetramer in Solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Tassos

    The ATPase Domain of SecA Can Form a Tetramer in Solution Brian R. Dempsey1 , Anastassios Economou2-associates to form a tetramer in solution, indicating that removal of the C-terminal domain facilitates the formation of a higher-order SecA structure. The associative process is best modelled as a monomer-tetramer equilibrium

  12. Multi-PAS domain-mediated protein oligomerization of PpsR from Rhodobacter sphaeroides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heintz, Udo; Meinhart, Anton; Winkler, Andreas, E-mail: andreas.winkler@mpimf-heidelberg.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Heidelberg (Germany)

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crystal structures of two truncated variants of the transcription factor PpsR from R. sphaeroides are presented that enabled the phasing of a triple PAS domain construct. Together, these structures reveal the importance of ?-helical PAS extensions for multi-PAS domain-mediated protein oligomerization and function. Per–ARNT–Sim (PAS) domains are essential modules of many multi-domain signalling proteins that mediate protein interaction and/or sense environmental stimuli. Frequently, multiple PAS domains are present within single polypeptide chains, where their interplay is required for protein function. Although many isolated PAS domain structures have been reported over the last decades, only a few structures of multi-PAS proteins are known. Therefore, the molecular mechanism of multi-PAS domain-mediated protein oligomerization and function is poorly understood. The transcription factor PpsR from Rhodobacter sphaeroides is such a multi-PAS domain protein that, in addition to its three PAS domains, contains a glutamine-rich linker and a C-terminal helix–turn–helix DNA-binding motif. Here, crystal structures of two N-terminally and C-terminally truncated PpsR variants that comprise a single (PpsR{sub Q-PAS1}) and two (PpsR{sub N-Q-PAS1}) PAS domains, respectively, are presented and the multi-step strategy required for the phasing of a triple PAS domain construct (PpsR{sub ?HTH}) is illustrated. While parts of the biologically relevant dimerization interface can already be observed in the two shorter constructs, the PpsR{sub ?HTH} structure reveals how three PAS domains enable the formation of multiple oligomeric states (dimer, tetramer and octamer), highlighting that not only the PAS cores but also their ?-helical extensions are essential for protein oligomerization. The results demonstrate that the long helical glutamine-rich linker of PpsR results from a direct fusion of the N-cap of the PAS1 domain with the C-terminal extension of the N-domain that plays an important role in signal transduction.

  13. Building accurate initial models using gain functions for waveform inversion in the Laplace domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wansoo Ha; Changsoo Shin

    2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We suggest an initial model building technique using time gain functions in the Laplace domain. Applying the gain expressed as a power of time is equivalent to taking the partial derivative of the Laplace-domain wavefield with respect to a damping constant. We construct an objective function, which minimizes the logarithmic differences between the gained field data and the partial derivative of the modeled data with respect to the damping constant. We calculate the modeled wavefield, the partial derivative wavefield, and the gradient direction in the Laplace domain using the analytic Green's function starting from a constant velocity model. This is an efficient method to generate an accurate initial model for a following Laplace-domain inversion. Numerical examples using two marine field datasets confirm that a starting model updated once from a scratch using the gradient direction calculated with the proposed method can be successfully used for a subsequent Laplace-domain inversion.

  14. Self-annihilation of inversion domains by high energy defects in III-Nitrides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koukoula, T.; Kioseoglou, J., E-mail: sifisl@auth.gr; Kehagias, Th.; Komninou, Ph. [Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki (Greece); Ajagunna, A. O.; Georgakilas, A. [Microelectronics Research Group, IESL, FORTH, P.O. Box 1385, GR-71110 Heraklion, Crete, Greece and Department of Physics, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208, GR-71003 Heraklion, Crete (Greece)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Low-defect density InN films were grown on Si(111) by molecular beam epitaxy over an ?1??m thick GaN/AlN buffer/nucleation layer. Electron microscopy observations revealed the presence of inverse polarity domains propagating across the GaN layer and terminating at the sharp GaN/InN (0001{sup Ż}) interface, whereas no inversion domains were detected in InN. The systematic annihilation of GaN inversion domains at the GaN/InN interface is explained in terms of indium incorporation on the Ga-terminated inversion domains forming a metal bonded In-Ga bilayer, a structural instability known as the basal inversion domain boundary, during the initial stages of InN growth on GaN.

  15. Spectral element methods for elliptic problems in nonsmooth domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pathria, D.; Karniadakis, G.E. [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)] [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering applications frequently require the numerical solution of elliptic boundary value problems in irregularly shaped domains. For smooth problems spectral element methods have proved very successful, since they can accommodate fairly complicated geometries while retaining a rapid rate of convergence. Geometric singularities, however, often give rise to singular solutions. The accuracy of the spectral element methods is then degraded, and they offer no apparent advantage over low-order finite element methods. In many cases, however, the singular structure of the solution is known, and its form may be exploited by the spectral element method. Among the various ways of doing so (through supplementary basis functions, eigenfunction expansions, and graded meshes), the method of auxiliary mapping proves to be particularly effective. For certain simple cases, the problem is transformed to a coordinate system in which the solution is analytic, and exponential convergence is recovered. Even when this is not possible, the singularity is usually much weaker after mapping, so that other treatments are more effective in the new coordinate system. In this paper, the authors study different ways of treating singularities, and in particular, the method of auxiliary mapping coupled with the use of supplementary basis functions. Error estimates are presented explaining why the combined approach is more effective, and these estimates are confirmed through a number of numerical experiments for the Laplace. Poisson, and Helmholtz equations. 28 refs., 13 figs., 5 tabs.

  16. Spin-polarized transport through domain wall in magnetized graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Khodas; I. A. Zaliznyak; D. E. Kharzeev

    2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Atomically thin two-dimensional layer of honeycomb crystalline carbon known as graphene is a promising system for electronics. It has a point-like Fermi surface, which is very sensitive to external potentials. In particular, Zeeman magnetic field parallel to the graphene layer splits electron bands and creates fully spin-polarized and geometrically congruent circular Fermi surfaces of particle and hole type. In the presence of electric field, particles and holes with opposite spins drift in opposite direction. These phenomena are likely to be of interest for developing graphene-based spintronic devices. A domain wall (DW) separating regions with opposite spin polarizations is a basic element of such a device. Here we consider a ballistic passage of spin-polarized charge carriers through DW in graphene. We also discuss the analogy between the generation of spin currents in graphene and in relativistic quark-gluon plasma, where the spin-polarized current is responsible for the phenomenon of charge separation studied recently at RHIC.

  17. A Domain Specific Ontology Based Semantic Web Search Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, Debajyoti; Mukherjee, Sreemoyee; Bhattacharya, Jhilik; Kim, Young-Chon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since its emergence in the 1990s the World Wide Web (WWW) has rapidly evolved into a huge mine of global information and it is growing in size everyday. The presence of huge amount of resources on the Web thus poses a serious problem of accurate search. This is mainly because today's Web is a human-readable Web where information cannot be easily processed by machine. Highly sophisticated, efficient keyword based search engines that have evolved today have not been able to bridge this gap. So comes up the concept of the Semantic Web which is envisioned by Tim Berners-Lee as the Web of machine interpretable information to make a machine processable form for expressing information. Based on the semantic Web technologies we present in this paper the design methodology and development of a semantic Web search engine which provides exact search results for a domain specific search. This search engine is developed for an agricultural Website which hosts agricultural information about the state of West Bengal.

  18. Quantum Fusion of Strings (Flux Tubes) and Domain Walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Bolognesi; M. Shifman; M. B. Voloshin

    2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider formation of composite strings and domain walls as a result of fusion of two elementary objects (elementary strings in the first case and elementary walls in the second) located at a distance from each other. The tension of the composite object T_2 is assumed to be less than twice the tension of the elementary object T_1, so that bound states are possible. If in the initial state the distance d between the fusing strings or walls is much larger than their thickness and satisfies the conditions T_1 d^2 >> 1 (in the string case) and T_1 d^3 >> 1 (in the wall case), the problem can be fully solved quasiclassically. The fusion probability is determined by the first, "under the barrier" stage of the process. We find the bounce configuration and its extremal action S_B. In the wall problem e^{-S_B} gives the fusion probability per unit time per unit area. In the string case, due to a logarithmic infrared divergence, the problem is well formulated only for finite-length strings. The fusion probability per unit time can be found in the limit in which the string length is much larger than the distance between two merging strings.

  19. Landfill cover performance monitoring using time domain reflectometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neher, E.R.; Cotten, G.B. [Parsons Infrastructure & Technology Group, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); McElroy, D. [Lockheed-Martin Idaho Technologies Company, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Time domain reflectometry (TDR) systems were installed to monitor soil moisture in two newly constructed landfill covers at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Each TDR system includes four vertical arrays with each array consisting of four TDR probes located at depths of 15, 30, 45, and 60 cm. The deepest probes at 60 cm were installed beneath a compacted soil layer to analyze infiltration through the compacted layer. Based on the TDR data, infiltration through the two covers between March and October, 1997 ranged from less than measurable to 1.5 cm. However, due to a prohibition on penetrating the buried waste and resulting limits on probe placement depths, deeper percolation was not evaluated. Some of the advantages found in the application of TDR for infiltration monitoring at this site are the relative low cost and rugged nature of the equipment. Also, of particular importance, the ability to collect frequent moisture measurements allows the capture and evaluation of soil moisture changes resulting from episodic precipitation events. Disadvantages include the inability to install the probes into the waste, difficulties in interpretation of infiltration during freeze/thaw periods, and some excessive noise in the data.

  20. THz time-domain spectroscopy for tokamak plasma diagnostics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Causa, F.; Zerbini, M.; Buratti, P.; Gabellieri, L.; Pacella, D.; Romano, A.; Tuccillo, A. A.; Tudisco, O. [ASSOCIAZIONE EURATOM ENEA sulla Fusione, C. R. Frascati, via E. Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati (Roma) (Italy); Johnston, M. [Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Doria, A.; Gallerano, G. P.; Giovenale, E. [ENEA C.R. Frascati UTAPRAD, via E. Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati (Roma) (Italy)

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology is now becoming mature for diagnostics using large portions of the electromagnetic spectrum simultaneously, in the form of THz pulses. THz radiation-based techniques have become feasible for a variety of applications, e.g., spectroscopy, imaging for security, medicine and pharmaceutical industry. In particular, time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) is now being used also for plasma diagnostics in various fields of application. This technique is promising also for plasmas for fusion applications, where plasma characteristics are non-uniform and/or evolve during the discharge This is because THz pulses produced with femtosecond mode-locked lasers conveniently span the spectrum above and below the plasma frequency and, thus, can be used as very sensitive and versatile probes of widely varying plasma parameters. The short pulse duration permits time resolving plasma characteristics while the large frequency span permits a large dynamic range. The focus of this work is to present preliminary experimental and simulation results demonstrating that THz TDS can be realistically adapted as a versatile tokamak plasma diagnostic technique.

  1. Catalytic domains of the LAR and CD45 protein tyrosine phosphatases from Escherichia coli expression systems: Purification and characterization for specificity and mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, Hyeongjin; Ramer, S.E.; Itoh, Michiyasu; Saito, Haruo; Walsh, C.T. (Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)); Kitas, E.; Bannwarth, W.; Burn, P. (Hoffmann-La Roche, Basel (Switzerland))

    1992-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The cytoplasmic domains of two human transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases), LAR and CD45, have been expressed in Escherichia coli, purified to near-homogeneity, and compared for catalytic efficiency toward several phosphotyrosine-containing peptide substrates. A 615-residue LAR fragment (LAR-D1D2) containing both tandemly repeated PTPase domains shows almost identical specific activity and high catalytic efficiency as the 40-kDa single-domain LAR-D1 fragment, consistent with a single functional active site in the 70-kDa LAR-D1D2 enzyme. A 90-kDa fragment of the human leukocyte CD45 PTPase, containing two similar tandemly repeated PTPase domains, shows parallel specificity to LAR-D1 and LAR-D1D2 with a high k{sub cat}/K{sub M} value for a phosphotyrosyl undecapeptide. Sufficient purified LAR-D1 and LAR-D1D2 PTPases were available to demonstrate enzymatic exchange of {sup 18}O from {sup 18}O{sub 4} inorganic phosphate into H{sub 2} {sup 16}O at rates of {approximately}1 {times} 10{sup {minus}2} s{sup {minus}1}. The oxygen-18 exchange probably proceeds via a phosphoenzyme intermediate. Brief incubation of all three PTPase fragments with a ({sup 32}P)phosphotyrosyl peptide substrate prior to quench with SDS sample buffer and gel electrophoresis led to autoradiographic detection of {sup 32}P-labeled enzymes. Pulse/chase studies on the LAR {sup 32}P-enzyme showed turnover of the labeled phosphoryl group.

  2. Ternary behavior and systematic nanoscale manipulation of domain structures in P3HT/PCBM/P3HT-b-PEO films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Jihua [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL; Pickel, Deanna L [ORNL; Xiao, Kai [ORNL; Dadmun, Mark D [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Yu, Xiang [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Kilbey, II, S Michael [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanophase separation plays a critical role in the performance of donor acceptor based organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. Although post-fabrication annealing is often used to enhance OPV efficiency, the ability to exert precise control over phase separated domains and connectivity remains elusive. In this work, we use a diblock copolymer to systematically manipulate the domain sizes of an organic solar cell active layer at the nanoscale. More specifically, a poly(3-hexylthiophene)-bpoly( ethylene oxide) (P3HT-b-PEO) diblock copolymer with a low polydispersity index (PDI 1.3) is added to a binary blend of P3HT and 6,6-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) at different concentrations (0 20 wt%). Energy-filtered TEM (EFTEM) results suggest systematic changes of P3HT distribution as a function of block copolymer compatibilizer concentration and thermal annealing. X-ray scattering and microscopy techniques are used to show that prior to annealing, active layer domain sizes do not change substantially as compatibilizer is added; however after thermal annealing, the domain sizes are significantly reduced as the amount of P3HT-b-PEO compatibilizer increases. The impact of compatibilizer is further rationalized through quantum density functional theory calculations. Overall, this work demonstrates the possibility of block copolymers to systematically manipulate the nanoscale domain-structure of blends used for organic photovoltaic devices. If coupled with efficient charge transport and collection (through judicious choice of block copolymer type and composition), this approach may contribute to further optimization of OPV devices.

  3. Ternary behavior and systematic nanoscale manipulation of domain structures in P3HT/PCBM/P3HT-b-PEO films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Jihua [ORNL] [ORNL; Yu, Xiang [ORNL] [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL] [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL] [ORNL; Pickel, Deanna L [ORNL] [ORNL; Xiao, Kai [ORNL] [ORNL; Dadmun, Mark D [ORNL] [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL] [ORNL; Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby [ORNL] [ORNL; Kilbey, II, S Michael [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanophase separation plays a critical role in the performance of donor-acceptor based organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. Although post-fabrication annealing is often used to enhance OPV efficiency, the ability to exert precise control over phase separated domains and connectivity remains elusive. In this work, we use a diblock copolymer to systematically manipulate the domain sizes of an organic solar cell active layer at the nanoscale. More specifically, a poly(3-hexylthiophene)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) (P3HT-b-PEO) diblock copolymer with a low polydispersity index (PDI = 1.3) is added to a binary blend of P3HT and 6,6-phenyl C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) at different concentrations (0-20 wt%). Energy-filtered TEM (EFTEM) results suggest systematic changes of P3HT distribution as a function of block copolymer compatibilizer concentration and thermal annealing. X-ray scattering and microscopy techniques are used to show that prior to annealing, active layer domain sizes do not change substantially as compatibilizer is added; however after thermal annealing, the domain sizes are significantly reduced as the amount of P3HT-b-PEO compatibilizer increases. The impact of compatibilizer is further rationalized through quantum density functional theory calculations. Overall, this work demonstrates the possibility of block copolymers to systematically manipulate the nanoscale domain-structure of blends used for organic photovoltaic devices. If coupled with efficient charge transport and collection (through judicious choice of block copolymer type and composition), this approach may contribute to further optimization of OPV devices.

  4. Crystal structure of the bifunctional proline utilization A flavoenzyme from Bradyrhizobium japonicum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srivastava, Dhiraj; Schuermann, Jonathan P.; White, Tommi A.; Krishnan, Navasona; Sanyal, Nikhilesh; Hura, Greg L.; Tan, Anmin; Henzl, Michael T.; Becker, Donald F.; Tanner, John J. (UNL); (LBNL); (UMC)

    2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The bifunctional proline catabolic flavoenzyme, proline utilization A (PutA), catalyzes the oxidation of proline to glutamate via the sequential activities of FAD-dependent proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) and NAD{sup +}-dependent {Delta}{sup 1}-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (P5CDH) domains. Although structures for some of the domains of PutA are known, a structure for the full-length protein has not previously been solved. Here we report the 2.1 {angstrom} resolution crystal structure of PutA from Bradyrhizobium japonicum, along with data from small-angle x-ray scattering, analytical ultracentrifugation, and steady-state and rapid-reaction kinetics. PutA forms a ring-shaped tetramer in solution having a diameter of 150 {angstrom}. Within each protomer, the PRODH and P5CDH active sites face each other at a distance of 41 {angstrom} and are connected by a large, irregularly shaped cavity. Kinetics measurements show that glutamate production occurs without a lag phase, suggesting that the intermediate, {Delta}{sup 1}-pyrroline-5-carboxylate, is preferably transferred to the P5CDH domain rather than released into the bulk medium. The structural and kinetic data imply that the cavity serves both as a microscopic vessel for the hydrolysis of {Delta}{sup 1}-pyrroline-5-carboxylate to glutamate semialdehyde and a protected conduit for the transport of glutamate semialdehyde to the P5CDH active site.

  5. Domain Walls, near-BPS Bubbles and Probabilities in the Landscape

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceresole, Anna; /INFN, Turin /Turin U.; Dall'Agata, Gianguido; /CERN; Giryavets, Alexander; Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

    2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a theory of static BPS domain walls in stringy landscape and present a large family of BPS walls interpolating between different supersymmetric vacua. Examples include KKLT models, STU models, type IIB multiple flux vacua, and models with several Minkowski and AdS vacua. After the uplifting, some of the vacua become dS, whereas some others remain AdS. The near-BPS walls separating these vacua may be seen as bubble walls in the theory of vacuum decay. As an outcome of our investigation of the BPS walls, we found that the decay rate of dS vacua to a collapsing space with a negative vacuum energy can be quite large. The parts of space that experience a decay to a collapsing space, or to a Minkowski vacuum, never return back to dS space. The channels of irreversible vacuum decay serve as sinks for the probability flow. The existence of such sinks is a distinguishing feature of the landscape. We show that it strongly affects the probability distributions in string cosmology.

  6. Domain walls, near-BPS bubbles, and probabilities in the landscape

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceresole, Anna [INFN and Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica Universita di Torino, Via Pietro Giuria 1, 10125 Turin (Italy); Dall'Agata, Gianguido [Physics Department, Theory Unit, CERN, CH 1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Giryavets, Alexander; Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei [Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a theory of static Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) domain walls in stringy landscape and present a large family of BPS walls interpolating between different supersymmetric vacua. Examples include Kachru, Kallosh, Linde, Trivedi models, STU models, type IIB multiple flux vacua, and models with several Minkowski and anti-de Sitter vacua. After the uplifting, some of the vacua become de Sitter (dS), whereas some others remain anti-de Sitter. The near-BPS walls separating these vacua may be seen as bubble walls in the theory of vacuum decay. As an outcome of our investigation of the BPS walls, we found that the decay rate of dS vacua to a collapsing space with a negative vacuum energy can be quite large. The parts of space that experience a decay to a collapsing space, or to a Minkowski vacuum, never return back to dS space. The channels of irreversible vacuum decay serve as sinks for the probability flow. The existence of such sinks is a distinguishing feature of the landscape. We show that it strongly affects the probability distributions in string cosmology.

  7. Crystal structure of the anti-viral APOBEC3G catalytic domain and functional implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holden, Lauren G.; Prochnow, Courtney; Chang, Y. Paul; Bransteitter, Ronda; Chelico, Linda; Sen, Udayaditya; Stevens, Raymond C.; Goodman, Myron F.; Chen, Xiaojiang S. (USC); (Scripps)

    2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The APOBEC family members are involved in diverse biological functions. APOBEC3G restricts the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus and retroelements by cytidine deamination on single-stranded DNA or by RNA binding. Here we report the high-resolution crystal structure of the carboxy-terminal deaminase domain of APOBEC3G (APOBEC3G-CD2) purified from Escherichia coli. The APOBEC3G-CD2 structure has a five-stranded {beta}-sheet core that is common to all known deaminase structures and closely resembles the structure of another APOBEC protein, APOBEC2. A comparison of APOBEC3G-CD2 with other deaminase structures shows a structural conservation of the active-site loops that are directly involved in substrate binding. In the X-ray structure, these APOBEC3G active-site loops form a continuous 'substrate groove' around the active centre. The orientation of this putative substrate groove differs markedly (by 90 degrees) from the groove predicted by the NMR structure. We have introduced mutations around the groove, and have identified residues involved in substrate specificity, single-stranded DNA binding and deaminase activity. These results provide a basis for understanding the underlying mechanisms of substrate specificity for the APOBEC family.

  8. In-medium effects for nuclear matter in the Fermi energy domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, O; Lehaut, G; Borderie, B; Rivet, M F; Bougault, R; Galichet, E; Guinet, D; Neindre, N Le; Marini, P; Napolitani, P; Pârlog, M; Rosato, E; Spadaccini, G; Vient, E; Vigilante, M

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study nuclear stopping in central collisions for heavy-ion induced reactions in the Fermi energy domain, between $15$ and $100$ A\\,\\textrm{MeV}. Using the large dataset of exclusive measurements provided by the $4\\pi$ array \\emph{INDRA}, we determine the relative degree of stopping as a function of system mass and bombarding energy. We show that the stopping can be directly related to the transport properties in the nuclear medium. By looking specifically at free nucleons (here protons), we present for the first time a comprehensive body of experimental results concerning the mean free path, the nucleon-nucleon cross-section and in-medium effects in nuclear matter. It is shown that the mean free path exhibits a maximum at $\\lambda_{NN}=9.5 \\pm 2$ \\textrm{fm}, around $E_{inc}=35-40$ A\\,\\textrm{MeV} incident energy and decreases toward an asymptotic value $\\lambda_{NN}= 4.5 \\pm 1$ \\textrm{fm} at $E_{inc} = 100$ A\\,\\textrm{MeV}. After accounting for Pauli blocking of elastic nucleon-nucleon collisions, it is ...

  9. Nucleon structure with dynamical (2+1)-flavor domain wall fermions lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shigemi Ohta; Takeshi Yamazaki

    2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We report isovector form factors and low moments of isovector structure functions of nucleon from the coarse RIKEN-BNL-Columbia (RBC) and UKQCD joint dynamical (2+1)-flavor domain-wall fermions (DWF) ensembles. The lattice cut off is estimated at (a^{-1}=1.7) GeV. The lattice volume is as large as 2.7 fm across. We carefully optimize the nucleon source/sink separation in time to about 1.4 fm. Unexpectedly large finite-size effect in the axial charge is found. The effect scales with a single variable, the product (m_\\pi L) of the pion mass (m_\\pi) and lattice spatial linear extent (L), and sets in at around (m_\\pi L = 5). We also discuss momentum-transfer dependence of the vector, induced tensor, axial-vector and induced pesudo-scalar form factors. From structure functions, fully non-perturbatively renormalized iso-vector quark momentum fraction, (_{u-d}), helicity fraction, (_{\\Delta u - \\Delta d}), and transversity, (_{\\delta u - \\delta d}), are reported, as well as an unrenormalized twist-3 coefficient, (d_1). The ratio of the momentum to helicity fractions, (_{u-d}/_{\\Delta u - \\Delta d}), does not depend on light quark mass and agree well with the experiment. Their respective absolute values, fully renormalized, shows interesting trending toward the respective experimental values at the lightest light quark mass.

  10. Applying Clustering Techniques to Reduce Complexity in Automated Planning Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St Andrews, University of

    area of research within Artificial Intelligence. Broadly this discipline deals with the methods of the world to lift out more abstract repre- sentations. We will show that this approach can limit

  11. TBC-Domain GAPs for Rab GTPases Accelerate GTP Hydrolysis by a Dual-Finger Mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan,X.; Eathiraj, S.; Lambright, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rab GTPases regulate membrane trafficking by cycling between inactive (GDP-bound) and active (GTP-bound) conformations. The duration of the active state is limited by GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs), which accelerate the slow intrinsic rate of GTP hydrolysis. Proteins containing TBC (Tre-2, Bub2 and Cdc16) domains are broadly conserved in eukaryotic organisms and function as GAPs for Rab GTPases as well as GTPases that control cytokinesis. An exposed arginine residue is a critical determinant of GAP activity in vitro and in vivo. It has been expected that the catalytic mechanism of TBC domains would parallel that of Ras and Rho family GAPs. Here we report crystallographic, mutational and functional analyses of complexes between Rab GTPases and the TBC domain of Gyp1p. In the crystal structure of a TBC-domain-Rab-GTPase-aluminium fluoride complex, which approximates the transition-state intermediate for GTP hydrolysis, the TBC domain supplies two catalytic residues in trans, an arginine finger analogous to Ras/Rho family GAPs and a glutamine finger that substitutes for the glutamine in the DxxGQ motif of the GTPase. The glutamine from the Rab GTPase does not stabilize the transition state as expected but instead interacts with the TBC domain. Strong conservation of both catalytic fingers indicates that most TBC-domain GAPs may accelerate GTP hydrolysis by a similar dual-finger mechanism.

  12. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 115210 (2011) Spin torque and charge resistance of ferromagnetic semiconductor 2 and domain walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flatte, Michael E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    transport across the domain wall is possible, such as for magnetic semiconductor domain walls (whose walls model of a magnetic semiconductor, whose electronic structure is described with a Stoner model and whose

  13. Design of a finite impulse response filter for the purpose of directional edge detection via spatial domain convolution 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeary, Mark Bradley

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research was to design a spatial domain convolution filter capable of directional edge detection which has a specific relationship to a pre-defined filter in the frequency domain. Nobody has designed a directional filter...

  14. Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 9, No. 6, 2001, pp. 106-120. CATEGORICAL DOMAIN THEORY: SCOTT TOPOLOGY,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Robin

    constructions an* *d results of domain theory, where the Scott topology plays a major role. We discuss the p DOMAIN THEORY: SCOTT TOPOLOGY, POWERCATEGORIES, COHERENT CATEGORIES the possibility of using certain presheaf toposes as generalizations of * *the Scott topology

  15. Design of a finite impulse response filter for the purpose of directional edge detection via spatial domain convolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeary, Mark Bradley

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research was to design a spatial domain convolution filter capable of directional edge detection which has a specific relationship to a pre-defined filter in the frequency domain. Nobody has designed a directional filter...

  16. Direct Contacts Between Extracellular Membrane-Proximal Domains are Required for VEGF Receptor Activation and Cell Signaling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Y.; Xie, P; Opatowsky, Y; Schlessinger, J

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Structural analyses of the extracellular region of stem cell factor (SCF) receptor (also designated KIT) in complex with SCF revealed a sequence motif in a loop in the fourth Ig-like domain (D4) that is responsible for forming homotypic receptor contacts and for ligand-induced KIT activation and cell signaling. An identical motif was identified in the most membrane-proximal seventh Ig-like domain (D7) of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1), VEGFR2, and VEGFR3. In this report we demonstrate that ligand-induced tyrosine autophosphorylation and cell signaling via VEGFR1 or VEGFR2 harboring mutations in critical residues (Arg726 or Asp731) in D7 are strongly impaired. We also describe the crystal structure of D7 of VEGFR2 to a resolution of 2.7 {angstrom}. The structure shows that homotypic D7 contacts are mediated by salt bridges and van der Waals contacts formed between Arg726 of one protomer and Asp731 of the other protomer. The structure of D7 dimer is very similar to the structure of D4 dimers seen in the crystal structure of KIT extracellular region in complex with SCF. The high similarity between VEGFR D7 and KIT D4 in both structure and function provides further evidence for common ancestral origins of type III and type V RTKs. It also reveals a conserved mechanism for RTK activation and a novel target for pharmacological intervention of pathologically activated RTKs.

  17. Conformation Changes N-terminal Involvement and cGMP Signal Relay in the Phosphodiesterase-5 GAF Domain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H Wang; H Robinson; H Ke

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The activity of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) is specific for cGMP and is regulated by cGMP binding to GAF-A in its regulatory domain. To better understand the regulatory mechanism, x-ray crystallographic and biochemical studies were performed on constructs of human PDE5A1 containing the N-terminal phosphorylation segment, GAF-A, and GAF-B. Superposition of this unliganded GAF-A with the previously reported NMR structure of cGMP-bound PDE5 revealed dramatic conformational differences and suggested that helix H4 and strand B3 probably serve as two lids to gate the cGMP-binding pocket in GAF-A. The structure also identified an interfacial region among GAF-A, GAF-B, and the N-terminal loop, which may serve as a relay of the cGMP signal from GAF-A to GAF-B. N-terminal loop 98-147 was physically associated with GAF-B domains of the dimer. Biochemical analyses showed an inhibitory effect of this loop on cGMP binding and its involvement in the cGMP-induced conformation changes.

  18. Cloning, purification and preliminary X-ray analysis of the C-terminal domain of Helicobacter pylori MotB

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roujeinikova, Anna, E-mail: anna.roujeinikova@manchester.ac.uk [Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester M1 7DN (United Kingdom)

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cloning, overexpression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of a putative peptidoglycan-binding domain of H. pylori MotB, a stator component of the bacterial flagellar motor, are reported. The C-terminal domain of MotB (MotB-C) contains a putative peptidoglycan-binding motif and is believed to anchor the MotA/MotB stator unit of the bacterial flagellar motor to the cell wall. Crystals of Helicobacter pylori MotB-C (138 amino-acid residues) were obtained by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method using polyethylene glycol as a precipitant. These crystals belong to space group P2{sub 1}, with unit-cell parameters a = 50.8, b = 89.5, c = 66.3 Ĺ, ? = 112.5°. The crystals diffract X-rays to at least 1.6 Ĺ resolution using a synchrotron-radiation source. Self-rotation function and Matthews coefficient calculations suggest that the asymmetric unit contains one tetramer with 222 point-group symmetry. The anomalous difference Patterson maps calculated for an ytterbium-derivative crystal using diffraction data at a wavelength of 1.38 Ĺ showed significant peaks on the v = 1/2 Harker section, suggesting that ab initio phase information could be derived from the MAD data.

  19. Reduced conditioned fear response in mice that lack Dlx1 and show subtype-specific loss of interneurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sur, Mriganka

    Reduced conditioned fear response in mice that lack Dlx1 and show subtype-specific loss a battery of behavioral assays on the Dlx1 mutant mice, including zero maze, open field, locomotor activity suspension tests. These mice also showed deficits in contextual and trace fear conditioning, and possibly

  20. Map Shows Groundwater Decline Slowed LINCOLN, Neb. --Groundwater levels in Nebraska slowed their rate of decline and actually

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Map Shows Groundwater Decline Slowed LINCOLN, Neb. -- Groundwater levels in Nebraska slowed director of the UNL Water Center, said that the groundwater level maps produced annually by SNR, or stable groundwater levels, with oranges and reds indicating declines and greens and blues showing

  1. Nucleon isovector structure functions in (2+1)-flavor QCD with domain wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasumichi Aoki; Tom Blum; Huey-Wen Lin; Shigemi Ohta; Shoichi Sasaki; Robert Tweedie; Takeshi Yamazaki; James Zanotti

    2010-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on numerical lattice QCD calculations of some of the low moments of the nucleon structure functions. The calculations are carried out with gauge configurations generated by the RBC and UKQCD collaborations with (2+1)-flavors of dynamical domain wall fermions and the Iwasaki gauge action ($\\beta = 2.13$). The inverse lattice spacing is $a^{-1} = 1.73$ GeV, and two spatial volumes of ((2.7{\\rm fm})^3) and ((1.8 {\\rm fm})^3) are used. The up and down quark masses are varied so the pion mass lies between 0.33 and 0.67 GeV while the strange mass is about 12 % heavier than the physical one. The structure function moments we present include fully non-perturbatively renormalized iso-vector quark momentum fraction, (_{u-d}), helicity fraction, (_{\\Delta u - \\Delta d}), and transversity, (_{\\delta u - \\delta d}), as well as an unrenormalized twist-3 coefficient, (d_1). The ratio of the momentum to helicity fractions, (_{u-d}/_{\\Delta u - \\Delta d}), does not show dependence on the light quark mass and agrees well with the value obtained from experiment. Their respective absolute values, fully renormalized, show interesting trends toward their respective experimental values at the lightest quark mass. A prediction for the transversity, (0.7 _{\\delta u -\\delta d} < 1.1), in the (\\bar{\\rm MS}) scheme at 2 GeV is obtained. The twist-3 coefficient, (d_1), though yet to be renormalized, supports the perturbative Wandzura-Wilczek relation.

  2. Nucleon structure in lattice QCD with dynamical domain-wall fermions quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huey-Wen Lin; Shigemi Ohta

    2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report RBC and RBC/UKQCD lattice QCD numerical calculations of nucleon electroweak matrix elements with dynamical domain-wall fermions (DWF) quarks. The first, RBC, set of dynamical DWF ensembles employs two degenerate flavors of DWF quarks and the DBW2 gauge action. Three sea quark mass values of 0.04, 0.03 and 0.02 in lattice units are used with about 200 gauge configurations each. The lattice cutoff is about 1.7 GeV and the spatial volume is about (1.9 fm)^3. Despite the small volume, the ratio of the isovector vector and axial charges g_A/g_V and that of structure function moments _{u-d}/_{Delta u - Delta d} are in agreement with experiment, and show only very mild quark mass dependence. The second, RBC/UK, set of ensembles employs one strange and two degenerate (up and down) dynamical DWF quarks and Iwasaki gauge action. The strange quark mass is set at 0.04, and three up/down mass values of 0.03, 0.02 and 0.01 in lattice units are used. The lattice cutoff is about 1.6 GeV and the spatial volume is about (3.0 fm)^3. Even with preliminary statistics of 25-30 gauge configurations, the ratios g_A/g_V and _{u-d}/_{Delta u - Delta d} are consistent with experiment and show only very mild quark mass dependence. Another structure function moment, d_1, though yet to be renormalized, appears small in both sets.

  3. Por ms de 30 aos, el programa de CU Wizards ha presentado shows mensuales GRATIS que entretienen e informan a los nios sobre las maravillas de la ciencia. Estos shows interactivos se

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lineberger, W. Carl

    e informan a los nińos sobre las maravillas de la ciencia. Estos shows interactivos se presentan una Harvey "Ilusión y Realidad: La Ciencia de la Percepción" Duane G1B30 10/18/2014 Prof. Veronica Bierbaum

  4. Phase ordering percolation and domain-wall survival in segregating binary Bose-Einstein condensates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takeuchi, Hiromitsu; Dehara, Kentaro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Percolation theory is applied to the phase transition dynamics of domain pattern formation in segregating quasi-two-dimensional binary Bose--Einstein condensates. Our numerical experiments revealed that the percolation threshold is close to 0.5. A long-range open domain wall appears with a fractal dimension between two percolating domains. Such a wall can survive for a long time as a relic of the phase transition according to the dynamic finite-size-scaling hypothesis, which seems to be in contrast to the current understanding in cosmology that an infinite defect violates a scale invariance.

  5. LOCALIZATION OF AURORA A AND AURORA B KINASES DURING INTERPHASE: ROLE OF THE N-TERMINAL DOMAIN.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 LOCALIZATION OF AURORA A AND AURORA B KINASES DURING INTERPHASE: ROLE OF THE N-TERMINAL DOMAIN localization of Aurora kinases A and B § - these authors contributed equally to the work Address correspondence Aurora kinases possess a conserved catalytic domain (CD) and a N-terminal domain (ND) that varies in size

  6. Structure of bacteriophage T4 fibritin: a segmented coiled coil and the role of the C-terminal domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tao, Yizhi Jane

    Structure of bacteriophage T4 fibritin: a segmented coiled coil and the role of the C-terminal and a small globular C-terminal domain about a crystallographic threefold axis. The coiled-coil domain is divided into three segments that are separated by insertion loops. The C-terminal domain, which consists

  7. A Technique for Showing Causal Arguments in Accident Reports C. W. Johnson; University of Glasgow; Glasgow, Scotland, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    A Technique for Showing Causal Arguments in Accident Reports C. W. Johnson; University of Glasgow: causes, accidents, logic, argument, visualization, road traffic accidents Abstract In the prototypical accident report, specific findings, particularly those related to causes and contributing factors

  8. Three-dimensional mixed mode linear elastic fracture mechanics analysis using domain interaction integrals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esmen, Ekrem Alp, 1977-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three-dimensional mixed-mode linear elastic fracture mechanics analysis is presented using domain interaction integrals. An out-of-plane sinusoidal crack was analyzed using a commercially available finite element package ...

  9. Trade Marks and Domain Names: There's a lot in a name 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waelde, Charlotte

    Over two years ago, it was predicted that the end of the Internet was nigh unless there were concerted efforts put into place to solve the problems associated with domain names and trade mark clashes. Certainly, the ...

  10. Implementation of a 1GHZ frontend using transform domain charge sampling techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Mandar Shashikant

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in these architectures due to the built in antialiasing capabilities, jitter robustness at high signal frequencies and flexibility in filter design. This work proposed a 1GHz wideband front end aimed at SDR applications using Transform Domain (TD) sampling techniques...

  11. A parallel adaptive finite element simplified spherical harmonics approximation solver for frequency domain fluorescence molecular imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    fluorescence molecular imaging Yujie Lu1 , Banghe Zhu1 , Haiou Shen2 , John C Rasmussen1 , Ge Wang2 and Eva M of the domain at excitation and emission wavelengths xf a absorption coefficient of the fluorophore cb light

  12. Architecting Dependable Access Control Systems for Multi-Domain Computing Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    COMPUTING SCIENCE Architecting Dependable Access Control Systems for Multi-Domain Computing Modern computing systems are built based on Service Oriented Architectures and are made up of multiple interoperability in a heterogeneous computing environment. Access control systems ensure that services

  13. DTEVISUAL: A VISUALIZATION SYSTEM FOR TEACHING ACCESS CONTROL USING DOMAIN TYPE ENFORCEMENT *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chaoli

    of these modern systems. This paper presents DTEvisual, a visualization system for teaching access control usingDTEVISUAL: A VISUALIZATION SYSTEM FOR TEACHING ACCESS CONTROL USING DOMAIN TYPE ENFORCEMENT * Yifei access control and modern models of access control. DTEvisual facilitatesgraphicaldepiction

  14. A TRANSIENT EDDY CURRENT PROBLEM ON A MOVING DOMAIN. MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RodrĂ­guez, Rodolfo

    A TRANSIENT EDDY CURRENT PROBLEM ON A MOVING DOMAIN. MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS ALFREDO BERM is to introduce and analyze a weak formulation of the transient eddy current problem governing electromagnetic. Electromagnetic forming, transient eddy current problem, axisymmetric problem, degenerate parabolic problem

  15. Piezoelectric Films: From Local Domain Studies to X-Ray Optics...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Piezoelectric Films: From Local Domain Studies to X-Ray Optics Jul 31 2015 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Susan Trolier-McKinstry, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park CNMS...

  16. Public Domain, Public Interest, Public Funding: Focussing on the ‘Three P’s’ in Scientific Research 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waelde, Charlotte

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the ‘three Ps’ of scientific research: Public Domain; Public Interest; Public Funding by examining difficulties faced by scientists engaged in scientific research. It discusses the problems faced when ...

  17. Structure of the DUF2233 Domain in Bacteria and the Stuttering...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    only human protein that contains the DUF2233 domain. UCE is important in a cellular recycling system. UCE converts N-acetylglucosamine-P-mannose diester to mannose-6-P monoester...

  18. Towards multi-domain speech understanding with flexible and dynamic vocabulary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Grace Yuet-Chee

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In developing telephone-based conversational systems, we foresee future systems capable of supporting multiple domains and flexible vocabulary. Users can pursue several topics of interest within a single telephone call, ...

  19. TEA - a linear frequency domain finite element model for tidal embayment analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westerink, Joannes J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A frequency domain (harmonic) finite element model is developed for the numerical prediction of depth average circulation within small embayments. Such embayments are often characterized by irregular boundaries and bottom ...

  20. Detection of near-surface anisotropy in a weathered metamorphic schist using time-domain electromagnetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Jamie Lynne

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Controlled-source, azimuthal, time-domain, electromagnetic (TDEM) surveys were conducted over a schist formation with uniformly striking, nearly vertical foliation. Direct current electrical resistivity and seismic refraction surveys provided...

  1. Atomic-Level Study of Ion-Induced Nanoscale Disordered Domains...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on SiC using ion-beam-induced order-disorder transformation. Citation: Gao F, and WJ Weber.2003."Atomic-Level Study of Ion-Induced Nanoscale Disordered Domains in Silicon...

  2. In-domain relation discovery with meta-constraints via posterior regularization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Harr

    We present a novel approach to discovering relations and their instantiations from a collection of documents in a single domain. Our approach learns relation types by exploiting meta-constraints that characterize the general ...

  3. Lipid-Protein Interactions Alter Line Tensions and Domain Size Distributions in Lung Surfactant Monolayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhar, Prajnaparamita

    The size distribution of domains in phase-separated lung surfactant monolayers influences monolayer viscoelasticity and compressibility which, in turn, influence monolayer collapse and set the compression at which the ...

  4. CGH Data Modeling and Smoothing in Stationary Wavelet Packet Transform Domain.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Heng

    CGH Data Modeling and Smoothing in Stationary Wavelet Packet Transform Domain. Heng Huang1 , Nha, Texas, USA Email: Heng Huang- heng@uta.edu; Nha Nguyen - nhn3175@exchange.uta.edu; Soontorn Oraintara

  5. Electric field control of domain wall propagation in Pt/Co/GdOx films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Uwe

    The influence of a gate voltage on domain wall (DW) propagation is investigated in ultrathin Pt/Co/gadolinium oxide (GdOx) films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The DW propagation field can be enhanced or retarded ...

  6. Approaches to Forming a Water-soluble Extracellular Domain From ?3 Subunits of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankovich, Victoria Lea

    2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining structural information on the extracellular domain (ECD) of ?3 subunits of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) by x-ray crystallography is desirable for the design of drugs intended to therapeutically target specific n...

  7. Compact parametric models for efficient sequential decision making in high-dimensional, uncertain domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunskill, Emma Patricia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within artificial intelligence and robotics there is considerable interest in how a single agent can autonomously make sequential decisions in large, high-dimensional, uncertain domains. This thesis presents decision-making ...

  8. Domain architecture and oligomerization properties of the paramyxovirus PIV 5 hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuan Ping [Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305-5126 (United States); Leser, George P. [Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Cell Biology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208-3500 (United States); Demeler, Borries [Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229-3901 (United States); Lamb, Robert A. [Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Cell Biology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208-3500 (United States); Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208-3500 (United States); Jardetzky, Theodore S. [Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305-5126 (United States)], E-mail: tjardetz@stanford.edu

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mechanism by which the paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein couples receptor binding to activation of virus entry remains to be fully understood, but the HN stalk is thought to play an important role in the process. We have characterized ectodomain constructs of the parainfluenza virus 5 HN to understand better the underlying architecture and oligomerization properties that may influence HN functions. The PIV 5 neuraminidase (NA) domain is monomeric whereas the ectodomain forms a well-defined tetramer. The HN stalk also forms tetramers and higher order oligomers with high {alpha}-helical content. Together, the data indicate that the globular NA domains form weak intersubunit interactions at the end of the HN stalk tetramer, while stabilizing the stalk and overall oligomeric state of the ectodomain. Electron microscopy of the HN ectodomain reveals flexible arrangements of the NA and stalk domains, which may be important for understanding how these two HN domains impact virus entry.

  9. Leray weak solutions of the Incompressible Navier Stokes system on exterior domains via the artificial compressibility method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Donatelli; P. Marcati

    2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study the Leray weak solutions of the incompressible Navier Stokes equation in an exterior domain.We describe, in particular, an hyperbolic version of the so called artificial compressibility method investigated by J.L.Lions and Temam. The convergence of these type of approximation show in general a lack of strong convergence due to the presence of acoustic waves. In this paper we face this difficulty by taking care of the dispersive nature of these waves by means of the Strichartz estimates or waves equations satisfied by the pressure. We actually decompose the pressure in different acoustic components, each one of them satisfies a specific initial boundary value problem. The strong convergence analysis of the velocity field will be achieved by using the associated Leray-Hodge decomposition.

  10. Dependence of effective internal field of congruent lithium niobate on its domain configuration and stability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Ranjit, E-mail: ranjitdas.in@gmail.com, E-mail: souvik2cat@gmail.com, E-mail: srirajib@yahoo.com; Ghosh, Souvik, E-mail: ranjitdas.in@gmail.com, E-mail: souvik2cat@gmail.com, E-mail: srirajib@yahoo.com; Chakraborty, Rajib, E-mail: ranjitdas.in@gmail.com, E-mail: souvik2cat@gmail.com, E-mail: srirajib@yahoo.com [Department of Applied Optics and Photonics, University of Calcutta, JD-2, Sector III, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700098 (India)

    2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Congruent lithium niobate is characterized by its internal field, which arises due to defect clusters within the crystal. Here, it is shown experimentally that this internal field is a function of the molecular configuration in a particular domain and also on the stability of that particular configuration. The measurements of internal field are done using interferometric technique, while the variation of domain configuration is brought about by room temperature high voltage electric field poling.

  11. Development of a radiative transport based, fluorescence-enhanced, frequency-domain small animal imaging system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, John C.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Dissertation by JOHN C. RASMUSSEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Eva M. Sevick...-Enhanced, Frequency-Domain Small Animal Imaging System. (December 2006) John C. Rasmussen, B.S., University of Oklahoma Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Eva M. Sevick-Muraca Herein we present the development of a fluorescence-enhanced, frequency- domain radiative...

  12. VAST: A Human-Centered, Domain-Independent Video Analysis Support Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordt, Marlo Faye

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    VAST: A HUMAN-CENTERED, DOMAIN-INDEPENDENT VIDEO ANALYSIS SUPPORT TOOL A Dissertation by MARLO FAYE NORDT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2008 Major Subject: Computer Science VAST: A HUMAN-CENTERED, DOMAIN-INDEPENDENT VIDEO ANALYSIS SUPPORT TOOL A Dissertation by MARLO FAYE NORDT Submitted to the Office of Graduate...

  13. Ultraviolet laser-induced poling inhibition produces bulk domains in MgO-doped lithium niobate crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boes, Andreas, E-mail: s3363819@student.rmit.edu.au; Steigerwald, Hendrik; Sivan, Vijay; Mitchell, Arnan [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3001 (Australia); ARC Center for Ultra-high Bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3001 (Australia); Yudistira, Didit [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3001 (Australia); Wade, Scott [Faculty of Science, Engineering and Technology, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122 (Australia); Mailis, Sakellaris [Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Soergel, Elisabeth [Institute of Physics, University of Bonn, Wegelerstr. 8, 53115 Bonn (Germany)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the realization of high-resolution bulk domains achieved using a shallow, structured, domain inverted surface template obtained by UV laser-induced poling inhibition in MgO-doped lithium niobate. The quality of the obtained bulk domains is compared to those of the template and their application for second harmonic generation is demonstrated. The present method enables domain structures with a period length as small as 3??m to be achieved. Furthermore, we propose a potential physical mechanism that leads to the transformation of the surface template into bulk domains.

  14. Domain wall solitons and Hopf algebraic translational symmetries in noncommutative field theories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sasai, Yuya; Sasakura, Naoki [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Domain wall solitons are the simplest topological objects in field theories. The conventional translational symmetry in a field theory is the generator of a one-parameter family of domain wall solutions, and induces a massless moduli field which propagates along a domain wall. We study similar issues in braided noncommutative field theories possessing Hopf algebraic translational symmetries. As a concrete example, we discuss a domain wall soliton in the scalar {phi}{sup 4} braided noncommutative field theory in Lie-algebraic noncommutative space-time, [x{sup i},x{sup j}]=2i{kappa}{epsilon}{sup ijk}x{sub k} (i,j,k=1,2,3), which has a Hopf algebraic translational symmetry. We first discuss the existence of a domain wall soliton in view of Derrick's theorem, and construct explicitly a one-parameter family of solutions in perturbation of the noncommutativity parameter {kappa}. We then find the massless moduli field which propagates on the domain wall soliton. We further extend our analysis to the general Hopf algebraic translational symmetry.

  15. Head to the Arlington Fourth of July parade, then join us at the Planetarium for a few shows! We've extended our public show schedule for the 4th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    : Big Bird's Adventure One World, One Sky: Big Bird's Adventure begins on Sesame Street when Elmo's friend, Hu Hu Zhu, visits from China. Together, Big Bird, Elmo and Hu Hu Zhu locate the Big Dipper rides the solar system has to offer! No Public Shows July 22nd ­ July 25th Due to a professional

  16. Structural Insights into the Functional Role of the Hcn Sub-domain of the Receptor-Binding Domain of the Botulinum Neurotoxin Mosaic Serotype C/D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yanfeng; Gardberg, Anna; Edwards, Tom E.; Sankaran, Banumathi; Robinson, Howard; Varnum, Susan M.; Buchko, Garry W.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), the causative agent of the deadly neuroparalytic disease botulism, is the most poisonous protein known for humans. Produced by different strains of the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum, BoNT effects cellular intoxication via a multistep mechanism executed by the three modules of the activated protein. Endocytosis, the first step of cellular intoxication, is triggered by the ~50 kDa, heavy-chain receptor-binding module (HCR) that is specific for a ganglioside and a protein receptor on neuronal cell surfaces. This dual receptor recognition mechanism between BoNT and the host cell’s membrane is well documented and occurs via specific intermolecular interactions with the C-terminal sub-domain, Hcc, of BoNT-HCR. The N-terminal sub-domain of BoNT-HCR, Hcn, comprises ~50% of BoNT-HCR and adopts a B-sheet jelly roll fold. While suspected in assisting cell surface recognition, no unambiguous function for the Hcn sub-domain in BoNT has been indentified. To obtain insights into the potential function of the Hcn sub-domain in BoNT, the first crystal structure of a BoNT with an organic ligand bound to the Hcn sub-domain has been obtained. Here, we describe the crystal structure of BoNT/CD-HCR determined at 1.70 Ĺ resolution with a tetraethylene glycol (PG4) molecule bound in an hydrophobic cleft between B-strands in the B-sheet jelly fold roll of the Hcn sub-domain. The molecule is completely engulfed in the cleft, making numerous hydrophobic (Y932, S959, W966, and D1042) and hydrophilic (S935, W977, L979, N1013, and I1066) contacts with the protein’s side chain and backbone that may mimic in vivo interactions with the phospholipid membranes on neuronal cell surfaces. A sulfate ion was also observed bound to residues T1176, D1177, K1196, and R1243 in the Hcc sub-domain of BoNT/CD-HCR. In the crystal structure of a similar protein, BoNT/D-HCR, a sialic acid

  17. Characteristics of Texas A&M University 43rd beef cattle short course and trade show participants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Tina Leann

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CHARACTERISTICS OF TEXAS A41rM UNIVERSITY 43RD BEEF CATTLE SHORT COURSE AND TRADE SHOW PARTICIPANTS A Thesis by TINA LEANN MURPHY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1998 Major Subject: Animal Science CHARACTERISTICS OF TEXAS AdkM UNIVERSITY 43RD BEEF CATTLE SHORT COURSE AND TRADE SHOW PARTICIPANTS A Thesis by TINA LEANN MURPHY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial...

  18. NMR solution structure of the N-terminal domain of hERG and its interaction with the S4-S5 linker

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Qingxin; Gayen, Shovanlal; Chen, Angela Shuyi; Huang, Qiwei; Raida, Manfred [Experimental Therapeutics Center, The Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 31 Biopolis Way Nanos, 03-01, Singapore 138669 (Singapore)] [Experimental Therapeutics Center, The Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 31 Biopolis Way Nanos, 03-01, Singapore 138669 (Singapore); Kang, CongBao, E-mail: cbkang@etc.a-star.edu.sg [Experimental Therapeutics Center, The Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 31 Biopolis Way Nanos, 03-01, Singapore 138669 (Singapore)] [Experimental Therapeutics Center, The Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 31 Biopolis Way Nanos, 03-01, Singapore 138669 (Singapore)

    2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Research highlights: {yields} The N-terminal domain (NTD, eag domain) containing 135 residues of hERG was expressed and purified from E. coli cells. {yields} Solution structure of NTD was determined with NMR spectroscopy. {yields} The alpha-helical region (residues 13-23) was demonstrated to possess the characteristics of an amphipathic helix. {yields} NMR titration confirmed the interaction between NTD and the peptide from the S4-S5 linker. -- Abstract: The human Ether-a-go-go Related Gene (hERG) potassium channel mediates the rapid delayed rectifier current (IKr) in the cardiac action potential. Mutations in the 135 amino acid residue N-terminal domain (NTD) cause channel dysfunction or mis-translocation. To study the structure of NTD, it was overexpressed and purified from Escherichia coli cells using affinity purification and gel filtration chromatography. The purified protein behaved as a monomer under purification conditions. Far- and near-UV, circular dichroism (CD) and solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies showed that the purified protein was well-folded. The solution structure of NTD was obtained and the N-terminal residues 13-23 forming an amphipathic helix which may be important for the protein-protein or protein-membrane interactions. NMR titration experiment also demonstrated that residues from 88 to 94 in NTD are important for the molecular interaction with the peptide derived from the S4-S5 linker.

  19. The N-terminal domain determines the affinity and specificity of H1 binding to chromatin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oeberg, Christine, E-mail: christine.oberg@ki.se [Karolinska Institute, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, P.O. Box 285, SE-17177 Stockholm (Sweden)] [Karolinska Institute, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, P.O. Box 285, SE-17177 Stockholm (Sweden); Belikov, Sergey, E-mail: sergey.belikov@ki.se [Karolinska Institute, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, P.O. Box 285, SE-17177 Stockholm (Sweden)] [Karolinska Institute, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, P.O. Box 285, SE-17177 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer wt Human histone H1.4 and hH1.4 devoid of N-terminal domain, {Delta}N-hH1.4, were compared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both histones bind to chromatin, however, {Delta}N-hH1.4 displays lower binding affinity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Interaction of {Delta}N-hH1.4 with chromatin includes a significant unspecific component. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer N-terminal domain is a determinant of specificity of histone H1 binding to chromatin. -- Abstract: Linker histone H1, one of the most abundant nuclear proteins in multicellular eukaryotes, is a key component of the chromatin structure mainly due to its role in the formation and maintenance of the 30 nm chromatin fiber. It has a three-domain structure; a central globular domain flanked by a short N-terminal domain and a long, highly basic C-terminal domain. Previous studies have shown that the binding abilities of H1 are at large determined by the properties of the C-terminal domain; much less attention has been paid to role of the N-terminal domain. We have previously shown that H1 can be reconstituted via cytoplasmic mRNA injection in Xenopus oocytes, cells that lack somatic H1. The heterologously expressed H1 proteins are incorporated into in vivo assembled chromatin at specific sites and the binding event is monitored as an increase in nucleosomal repeat length (NRL). Using this setup we have here compared the binding properties of wt-H1.4 and hH1.4 devoid of its N-terminal domain ({Delta}N-hH1.4). The {Delta}N-hH1.4 displays a drastically lower affinity for chromatin binding as compared to the wild type hH1.4. Our data also indicates that {Delta}N-hH1.4 is more prone to unspecific chromatin binding than the wild type. We conclude that the N-terminal domain of H1 is an important determinant of affinity and specificity of H1-chromatin interactions.

  20. Ultrafast heterogeneous electron transfer reactions: Comparative theoretical studies on time- and frequency-domain data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Luxia; Willig, Frank; May, Volkhard [Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Hahn-Meitner-Institut, Abteilung Dynamik von Genzflaechenreaktionen, Glienicker Strasse 100, 14109 Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2006-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent theoretical studies on linear absorption spectra of dye-semiconductor systems [perylene attached to nanostructured TiO{sub 2}, L. Wang et al., J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 9589 (2005)] are extended here in different respects. Since the systems show ultrafast photoinduced heterogeneous electron transfer the time-dependent formulation used to compute the absorbance is also applied to calculate the temporal evolution of the sub-100 fs charge injection dynamics after a 10 fs laser-pulse excitation. These studies complement our recent absorption spectra fit for two perylene bridge-anchor group TiO{sub 2} systems. Moreover, the time-dependent formulation of the absorbance is confronted with a frequency-domain description. The latter underlines the central importance of the self-energy caused by the coupling of the dye levels to the semiconductor band continuum. The used model is further applied to study the effect of different parameters such as (1) the dependence on the reorganization energies of the involved intramolecular transitions, (2) the effect of changing the transfer integral which couples the excited dye state with the band continuum, and (3) the effect of the concrete form of the semiconductor band density of states. Emphasis is also put on the case where the charge injection level of the dye is near or somewhat below the band edge. This nicely demonstrates the change from a structureless absorption to a well-resolved vibrational progression including characteristic shifts of the absorption lines which are a direct measure for the dye-semiconductor coupling.