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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

DNI GHI | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DNI GHI DNI GHI Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems Source Richard Perez Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 07th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DNI GHI hourly data Nicaragua solar SUNY SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Data (zip, 3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 01/01/1998 - 12/31/2002 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote

2

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from DLR Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002 for selected sites in Ethiopia. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GHI hourly data solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download data (zip, 2.1 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

3

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002 for selected sites in Kenya. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GHI hourly data Kenya solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download data (zip, 3.9 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

4

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003 for selected sites in Nepal. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GHI hourly data Nepal NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download data (zip, 1.2 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

5

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka sites from DLR Sri Lanka sites from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003 for selected sites in Sri Lanka. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GHI hourly data solar Sri Lanka SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download data (zip, 368.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment

6

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China sites from DLR China sites from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003 for selected sites in China. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China DLR DNI GEF GHI solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Data (zip, 953.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

7

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002 for selected sites in Ghana. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI Ghana GHI hourly data solar SWERA TILT TMY UNEP Data application/zip icon ghanaDLRtimeseries_103.zip (zip, 2.7 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment

8

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh sites from DLR Bangladesh sites from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003 for selected sites in Bangladesh. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh DLR DNI GHI hourly data solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Data (zip, 1.2 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment

9

GHI | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GHI GHI Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe Source GeoModel Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords DNI GeoModel GHI GIS GsT NREL solar SWERA TILT Turkey

10

DNI | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DNI DNI Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe Source GeoModel Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords DNI GeoModel GHI GIS GsT NREL solar SWERA TILT Turkey

11

GeoModel | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GeoModel GeoModel Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe Source GeoModel Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords DNI GeoModel GHI GIS GsT NREL solar SWERA

12

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Honduras from SUNY Honduras from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

13

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

14

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua from SUNY Nicaragua from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

15

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from NREL Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

16

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuba from NREL Cuba from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year.. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

17

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guatemala from SUNY Guatemala from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

18

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year.. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

19

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuba sites from SUNY Cuba sites from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

20

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

22

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year.. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

23

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

El Salvador sites from SUNY El Salvador sites from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

24

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

25

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

26

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh stations from NREL Bangladesh stations from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year.. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

27

Solar: annual and seasonal average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data global horizontal (GHI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Global Horizontal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images

28

File:NREL-bhutan-10kmsolar-ghi.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ghi.pdf ghi.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Bhutan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 306 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Bhutan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Description Bhutan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-GHI, Solar-10km Creation Date 2008-12-08 Extent International Countries Bhutan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:51, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:51, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (306 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

29

Wedge test data for three new explosives: LAX112, 2,4-DNI, and TNAZ  

SciTech Connect

High pressure Pop-plots and inert Hugoniot curves have been measured for three new explosives: LAX112 (3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine-1,4-dioxide), 2,4-DNI (2,4-dinitroimidazole), and TNAZ (1,3,3-trinitroazetidine). LAX112 and 2,4-DNI are of interest because of their insensitivity, while TNAZ is useful for its performance and castability. The shock sensitivity of LAX112 and 2,4-DNI fall between that of pressed TNT and PBX9502, LAX112 being the less sensitive. The shock sensitivity of TNAZ falls between that of pressed PETN and PBX9501. The inert Hugoniots for all three materials are comparable to those of other explosives. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Hill, L.G.; Seitz, W.L.; Kramer, J.F.; Murk, D.M.; Medina, R.S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Wedge test data for three new explosives: LAX112, 2,4-DNI, and TNAZ  

SciTech Connect

High pressure Pop-plots and inert Hugoniot curves have been measured for three new explosives: LAX112 (3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine-1,4-dioxide), 2,4-DNI (2,4-dinitroimidazole), and TNAZ (1,3,3-trinitroazetidine). LAX112 and 2,4-DNI are of interest because of their insensitivity, while TNAZ is useful for its performance and castability. The shock sensitivity of LAX112 and 2,4-DNI fall between that of pressed TNT and PBX9502, LAX112 being the less sensitive. The shock sensitivity of TNAZ falls between that of pressed PETN and PBX9501. The Pop-plot and Hugoniot data for TNAZ matches well with the lower pressure gas-gun data of Sheffield, Gustavsen, and Alcon. The inert Hugoniots for all three materials are comparable to those of other explosives.

Hill, L.G.; Seitz, W.L.; Kramer, J.F.; Murk, D.M.; Medina, R.S.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Turkey | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turkey Turkey Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe Source GeoModel Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords DNI GeoModel GHI GIS GsT NREL solar SWERA TILT

32

SWERA | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SWERA SWERA Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe Source GeoModel Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords DNI GeoModel GHI GIS GsT NREL solar SWERA TILT

33

UNEP | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP UNEP Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe Source GeoModel Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords DNI GeoModel GHI GIS GsT NREL solar SWERA TILT

34

TILT | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TILT TILT Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe Source GeoModel Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords DNI GeoModel GHI GIS GsT NREL solar SWERA TILT

35

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West China from DLR West China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.9 MiB)

36

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ghana GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 504 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB)

37

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from DLR Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ethiopia GEF GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.8 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 5.6 MiB)

38

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 593.8 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB)

39

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GHI GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 296.1 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 153.7 KiB)

40

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh from DLR Bangladesh from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Bangladesh for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh DLR GEF GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 916.5 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 479.3 KiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Kenya NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB)

42

File:NREL-bhutan-10kmsolar-dni.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bhutan-10kmsolar-dni.pdf bhutan-10kmsolar-dni.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Bhutan - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 307 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Bhutan - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Bhutan - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-10km Creation Date 2008-12-08 Extent International Countries Bhutan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:50, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:50, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (307 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

43

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for for Bangladesh from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Bangladesh for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh DLR DNI GEF solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 915.2 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 488 KiB)

44

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS Kenya solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB)

45

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI Ghana solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 519.6 KiB)

46

Solar: annual and seasonal average direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Direct Normal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images obtained from 1995 to 2002

47

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 600.4 KiB)

48

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

601 601 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142256601 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country.

49

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from DLR China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR DNI GEF GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.8 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB)

50

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 155.1 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 295.7 KiB)

51

Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a horizontal flat-plate solar collector, such as a Photovoltaic (PV) solar panel. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This model uses information on hourly satellite observed visible irradiance, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total of the normal or beam insolation falling on a tracking concentrator pointed

52

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

map at 40km resolution for map at 40km resolution for Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency

53

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

22 22 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is

54

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

49031 49031 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to

55

Using direct normal irradiance models and utility electrical loading to assess benefit of a concentrating solar power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper was to determine if three different direct normal irradiance (DNI) models were sufficiently accurate to determine if concentrating solar power (CSP) plants could meet the utility electrical load. DNI data were measured at three different laboratories in the United States and compared with DNI calculated by three DNI models. In addition, utility electrical loading data were obtained for all three locations. The DNI models evaluated were: the Direct Insolation Simulation Code (DISC), DIRINT, and DIRINDEX. On an annual solar insolation (e.g. kWh/m2) basis, the accuracy of the DNI models at all three locations was within: 7% (DISC), 5% (DIRINT), and 3% (DIRINDEX). During the three highest electrical loading months at the three locations, the monthly accuracy varied from: 0% to 16% (DISC), 0% to 9% (DIRINT), and 0% to 8% (DIRINDEX). At one location different pyranometers were used to measure GHI, and the most expensive pyranometers did not improve the DNI model monthly accuracy. In lieu of actually measuring DNI, using the DIRINT model was felt to be sufficient for assessing whether to build a CSP plant at one location, but use of either the DIRINT or DIRINDEX models was felt to be marginal for the other two locations due to errors in modeling DNI for utility peak electrical loading days especially for partly cloudy days.

Brian D. Vick; Daryl R. Myers; William E. Boyson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

MUTESHIFTSPEAKERINTERCOM 6MNO5JKL4GHI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and registration activities. CERTIFICATION Comdial's Quality Management System Is Certified To The ISO 9001

57

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment for Sri Lanka  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Sri Lanka provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

58

Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment (SWERA) Assessment (SWERA) High Resolution Solar Radiation Assessment for Ghana Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP.

59

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for Kenya  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Kenya provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

60

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for Nepal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal Nepal provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Nepal provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Microsoft Word - China_10km_solar_documentation.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China China Final Report for a Country Assessment prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared for the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für

62

CRED | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CRED CRED Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for China provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 08th, 2004 (10 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR documentation GEF solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 6.1 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

63

Microsoft Word - Ethiopia_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia Ethiopia Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

64

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for for Ethiopia provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Ethiopia provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected

65

Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal Nepal Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

66

CREIA | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CREIA CREIA Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for China provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 08th, 2004 (10 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR documentation GEF solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 6.1 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

67

global horizontal | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

87 87 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278787 Varnish cache server global horizontal Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Ghana provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country)

68

Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

69

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for China  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China China provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for China provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

70

Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lanka Lanka Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, DNI-method, GHI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

71

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment for Ghana  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Ghana provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Ghana provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give projet developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected

72

Evaluating Solar Resource Data Obtained from Multiple Radiometers Deployed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Solar radiation resource measurements from radiometers are used to predict and evaluate the performance of photovoltaic and concentrating solar power systems, validate satellite-based models for estimating solar resources, and advance research in solar forecasting and climate change. This study analyzes the performance of various commercially available radiometers used for measuring global horizontal irradiances (GHI) and direct normal irradiances (DNI). These include pyranometers, pyrheliometers, rotating shadowband irradiometers, and a pyranometer with a shading ring deployed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL). The radiometers in this study were deployed for one year (from April 1, 2011, through March 31, 2012) and compared to measurements from radiometers with the lowest values of estimated measurement uncertainties for producing reference GHI and DNI.

Habte, A.; Sengupta, M.; Andreas, A.; Wilcox, S.; Stoffel, T.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Home Organizations DLR - Deutsches Zentrum fr ... Solar: monthly and annual ... Dataset Activity Stream Solar: monthly and annual average...

74

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South America from NREL South America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

75

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America and the Carribean from NREL Central America and the Carribean from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

76

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East Asia from NREL East Asia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

77

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa from NREL Africa from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

78

Surface Radiation from GOES: A Physical Approach; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Models to compute Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) and Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) have been in development over the last 3 decades. These models can be classified as empirical or physical, based on the approach. Empirical models relate ground based observations with satellite measurements and use these relations to compute surface radiation. Physical models consider the radiation received from the earth at the satellite and create retrievals to estimate surface radiation. While empirical methods have been traditionally used for computing surface radiation for the solar energy industry the advent of faster computing has made operational physical models viable. The Global Solar Insolation Project (GSIP) is an operational physical model from NOAA that computes GHI using the visible and infrared channel measurements from the GOES satellites. GSIP uses a two-stage scheme that first retrieves cloud properties and uses those properties in a radiative transfer model to calculate surface radiation. NREL, University of Wisconsin and NOAA have recently collaborated to adapt GSIP to create a 4 km GHI and DNI product every 30 minutes. This paper presents an outline of the methodology and a comprehensive validation using high quality ground based solar data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Surface Radiation (SURFRAD) (http://www.srrb.noaa.gov/surfrad/sitepage.html) and Integrated Surface Insolation Study (ISIS) http://www.srrb.noaa.gov/isis/isissites.html), the Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL) at National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Sun Spot One (SS1) stations.

Habte, A.; Sengupta, M.; Wilcox, S.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Assessment of SUNY Version 3 Global Horizontal and Direct Normal Solar Irradiance in Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, hourly, daily and annual solar resource data derived form the latest SUNY solar model (version 3) using visible and infrared satellite data is analysed and compared with ground measured solar data from eighteen northern- latitude locations distributed all across Canada. The statistics of spatial and temporal differences between the two datasets obtained from the two versions of SUNY model, i.e., V1 and V3, are analysed for both global horizontal irradiance (GHI) and direct normal irradiance (DNI). SUNY V3 GHI and DNI data set is also compared to a dataset produced by the MAC3 cloud layer model for ten northern-latitude locations across Canada. The MAC3 model, using ground-based data, is the basis of the weather design input data files referred to in the current Canadian Model National Energy Code. It is also the model used for generating the CWEEDS (Canadian Weather Energy and Engineering Data Sets) long term hourly dataset, which is in turn used to derive the CWEC files (Canadian Weather year for Energy Calculations) also called typical meteorological years. CWEC files are used for design and analysis in various applications, including buildings heating and cooling as well as solar systems. Overall, results show that SUNY V3 has improved slightly compared to SUNY V1 in terms of estimating global and beam irradiance. Comparison of the SUNY V3 beta model with the MAC3 model seems to indicate that SUNY V3 model is resulting in better DNI estimates than those derived by the MAC3 model. Both SUNY V3 and MAC 3 models give similar estimates for GHI.

Reda Djebbar; Robert Morris; Didier Thevenard; Richard Perez; James Schlemmer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Solar Radiometric Data Quality Assessment of SIRS, SKYRAD and GNDRAD Measurements (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Solar radiation is the driving force for the earth's weather and climate. Understanding the elements of this dynamic energy balance requires accurate measurements of broadband solar irradiance. Since the mid-1990's the ARM Program has deployed pyrheliometers and pyranometers for the measurement of direct normal irradiance (DNI), global horizontal irradiance (GHI), diffuse horizontal irradiance (DHI), and upwelling shortwave (US) radiation at permanent and mobile field research sites. This poster summarizes the basis for assessing the broadband solar radiation data available from the SIRS, SKYRAD, and GNDRAD measurement systems and provides examples of data inspections.

Habte, A.; Stoffel, T.; Reda, I.; Wilcox, S.; Kutchenreiter, M.; Gotseff, P.; Anderberg, M.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

82

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

83

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

84

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from SUNY Central America from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Central America (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a horizontal flat-plate solar collector, such as a Photovoltaic (PV) solar panel. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model.

85

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

86

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate

87

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the

88

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

89

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

90

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km resolution for 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

91

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

92

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

93

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Central for Central America from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Central America. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

94

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

95

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GIS data at 10km resolution for GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

96

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

km for km for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

97

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

98

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km resolution for 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

99

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

100

Asia | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10 10 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281010 Varnish cache server Asia Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Asia DNI GEF GHI insolation NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Cell Regions (zip, 20.2 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 960.7 KiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

UAE | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UAE UAE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (DNI) for United Arab Emirates (UAE). The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released Unknown Date Updated February 19th, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords DLR GHI GIS solar SWERA UAE UNEP United Arab Emirates Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 31.1 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 151.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

102

United Arab Emirates | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arab Emirates Arab Emirates Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (DNI) for United Arab Emirates (UAE). The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released Unknown Date Updated February 19th, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords DLR GHI GIS solar SWERA UAE UNEP United Arab Emirates Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 31.1 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 151.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

103

direct normal irradiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords direct normal irradiance DNI GEF GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance insolation latitutde tilt irradiance NASA NREL South America SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Cell Maps (zip, 13.9 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 3.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

104

DLR | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DLR DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (DNI) for United Arab Emirates (UAE). The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released Unknown Date Updated February 19th, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords DLR GHI GIS solar SWERA UAE UNEP United Arab Emirates Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 31.1 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 151.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

105

Africa | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Africa Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released July 31st, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Africa direct normal irradiance DNI GEF GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance latitutde tilt irradiance NASA NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Images (zip, 19.3 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 3.4 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

106

Production of High Resolution Irradiance Data for Central America and Cuba  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Production of High Resolution Irradiance Data for Central America and Cuba Production of High Resolution Irradiance Data for Central America and Cuba Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The main object of the SUNY task for SWERA is to prepare high resolution global irradiance (GHI) and direct irradiance (DNI) data sets for the countries of Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.Much of our initial effort focused on building up the satellite data tx_metadatatool, and in strengthening and validating the models capable of converting that data into ground surface irradiances. Three research articles, acknowledging all or partial funding from UNEP & SWERA have been published on this subject. (Purpose): SWERA documentation Source SUNY Albany Date Released July 31st, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated August 29th, 2003 (11 years ago)

107

methodology | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

methodology methodology Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The main object of the SUNY task for SWERA is to prepare high resolution global irradiance (GHI) and direct irradiance (DNI) data sets for the countries of Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.Much of our initial effort focused on building up the satellite data tx_metadatatool, and in strengthening and validating the models capable of converting that data into ground surface irradiances. Three research articles, acknowledging all or partial funding from UNEP & SWERA have been published on this subject. Source SUNY Albany Date Released July 31st, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated August 29th, 2003 (11 years ago) Keywords Cuba methodology solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 2.6 MiB)

108

Satellite-Based Solar Resource Data Sets for India 2002-2012  

SciTech Connect

A new 10-km hourly solar resource product was created for India. This product was created using satellite radiances from the Meteosat series of satellites. The product contains global horizontal irradiances (GHI) and direct normal irradiances (DNI) for the period from 2002 to 2011. An additional solar resource data set covering the period from January 2012 to June 2012 was created solely for validation because this period overlaps ground measurements that were made available from the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy's (MNRE's) National Institute for Solar Energy for five stations that are part of MNRE's solar resource network. These measurements were quality checked using the SERI QC software and used to validate the satellite product. A comparison of the satellite product to the ground measurements for the five stations shows good agreement. This report also presents a comparison of the new version of solar resource data to the previous version, which covered the period from 2002 to 2008.

Sengupta, M.; Perez, R.; Gueymard, C.; Anderberg, M.; Gotseff, P.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

insolation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 2 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278432 Varnish cache server insolation Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Asia DNI GEF GHI insolation NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Cell Regions (zip, 20.2 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 960.7 KiB)

110

hourly data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data data Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. Source U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released May 03rd, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DNI GHI hourly data NREL solar Sri Lanka SWERA TILT TMY UNEP Data application/zip icon Download TMY data (zip, 67.5 MiB)

111

Production of high Resoulution Irradiance Data for Central America and Cuba  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DRAFT REPORT - JULY 2003 DRAFT REPORT - JULY 2003 Production of high Resolution Irradiance Data For Central America and Cuba Prepared by Richard Perez ASRC, the University at Albany (SUNY) For United Nations Environmental Program Solar Energy and Wind Resource Assessment (SWERA) Deliverable for July, 2003 The main objective of the SUNY task for SWERA is to prepare high resolution global irradiance (GHI) and direct irradiance (DNI) data sets for the countries of Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Much of our initial effort focused on building up the satellite data archive, and in strengthening and validating the models capable of converting that data into ground surface irradiances. Three research articles, acknowledging all or partial funding

112

NREL GIS Data: Hawaii High Resolution Concentrating Solar Power | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Concentrating Solar Power Concentrating Solar Power Dataset Summary Description Abstract - Monthly and annual average solar resource potential for the state of Hawaii. Purpose - Provide information on the solar resource potential for the state of Hawaii. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector on a 2-axis tracker, such as a dish or a power tower. Supplemental Info - This data provides monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of 0.1 degrees in both latitude and longitude, or about 10 km in size. This data was developed using the State University of New York/Albany satellite radiation model. This model was developed by Dr. Richard Perez and collaborators at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and other universities for the U.S. Department of Energy. Specific information about this model can be found in Perez, et al. (2002). This model uses hourly radiance images from geostationary weather satellites, daily snow cover data, and monthly averages of atmospheric water vapor, trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the hourly total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Atmospheric water vapor, trace gases, and aerosols are derived from a variety of sources. A modified Bird model is used to calculate clear sky direct normal (DNI). This is then adjusted as a function of the ratio of clear sky global horizontal (GHI) and the model predicted GHI. Where possible, existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data. Nevertheless, there is uncertainty associated with the meterological input to the model, since some of the input parameters are not avalable at a 10km resolution. As a result, it is believed that the modeled values are accurate to approximately 15% of a true measured value within the grid cell. Due to terrain effects and other microclimate influences, the local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

113

Ionospheric HF pump wave triggering of local auroral activation !"#$&%')(&0121 3 '45678!%'9@&%$(A21 B CDEF8!9GHI21 P B 9GQ$RS22  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

magnetic field (IMF) orientation and solar wind pressure) and involves the direct deposition of solar wind energy into the auroral ionosphere and the symmetric ring currents. The storage-release system pertains

114

E-Print Network 3.0 - anillo neurorretiniano por Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Physics, University of Central Florida Collection: Physics 2 Matematica Discreta. Primer examen parcial 251007 Apellidos Nombre DNI Grupo Summary: Matematica Discreta....

115

E-Print Network 3.0 - articular dos dedos Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

results for: articular dos dedos Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Matematica Discreta. Primer examen parcial 251007 Apellidos Nombre DNI Grupo Summary: un conjunto X de 10...

116

E-Print Network 3.0 - algunos insecticidas para Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cotejo, de la tarjeta de selectividad Original... , y fotocopia para su cotejo, del DNI o Pasaporte o NIE q Alumnos procedentes de sistemas educativos Source: Escolano,...

117

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Solar Power Data for Integration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Sub-Hour Irradiance Algorithm predicts the temporal variability from a spatial "patch" of satellite data points. Global horizontal irradiance (GHI) values are converted to...

118

Solar Atlas for the Mediterranean Carsten Hoyer-Klick  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Atlas for the Mediterranean Carsten Hoyer-Klick 1 , Lucien Wald 2 , Lionel Menard 2 Transvalor, Sophia Antipolis, France 4 GeoModel Solar, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, 5 Joint Research Center The solar resource is the "fuel" of solar energy applications and its availability is a key economic

Boyer, Edmond

119

Reprint of "3D geological modelling from boreholes, cross-sections and geological maps, application over former natural gas storages in coal mines" [Comput. Geosci. 34 (2008) 278-290  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a wide range of applications involving geological modelling, geological data available at low cost usually consist of documents such as cross-sections or geological maps and punctual data like borehole logs or outcrop descriptions. In order to build ... Keywords: 3D geological modelling, Data structuration, GIS, Geomodeler

Olivier Kaufmann; Thierry Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

3D geological modelling from boreholes, cross-sections and geological maps, application over former natural gas storages in coal mines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a wide range of applications involving geological modelling, geological data available at low cost usually consist of documents such as cross-sections or geological maps and punctual data like borehole logs or outcrop descriptions. In order to build ... Keywords: 3D geological modelling, Data structuration, GIS, Geomodeler

Olivier Kaufmann; Thierry Martin

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

SEMI EMPIRICAL SATELLITE MODELS Richard Perez1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used for solar engineering applications. These satellites are equipped with several radiation sensors University of New York, ASRC, Albany, NY, USA 2 GeoModel Solar, Bratislava, Slovakia Abstract This chapter discusses basic principles of solar irradiance modeling based on the use of input data from geostationary

Perez, Richard R.

122

PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy June 5, 2012 Harrisburg University University Drexel Nanotechnology Institute (DNI) Harrisburg Area Community College Harrisburg University of Science and Technology Lehigh University Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology (CAMN) Penn

Gilchrist, James F.

123

Management and exploitation of direct normal irradiance resources for concentrating solar collectors: Algeria as a case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of concentrating solar collectors which are used in solar thermal power plant and concentrated photovoltaic systems implies that these systems only work with the direct normal irradiance (DNI). Unfortu...

Mohamed Salah Mecibah; Taqiy Eddine Boukelia

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Solar variability of four sites across the state of Colorado  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four Sites Across the State of Colorado Matthew Lave and Jansites across the state of Colorado were analyzed. GHI at thesites across the state of Colorado. This choice is motivated

Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

C-A/AP/#241 Beam Evolution with Time in Electron Cooling and in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aSDYH C` `CUCRWX GQ GHI QDI GHWG HW` aIID S`IE VQX GHI aIWU FXQTGH ESI GQ CDGXWaIWU `YWGGIXCDF QV e id idg e d df dee ed ge d f e fdk me ee f e f e fd ee dd e ef ee d e fd de fd f ed d dk ee ef e id idg e d df dee ed k me ee f e

126

Definition: Direct normal irradiance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance (Redirected from Definition:DNI) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct normal irradiance the amount of solar radiation received per unit area by a surface perpendicular (normal) to the rays that come in a straight line from the direction of the sun at its current position in the sky.[1] Also Known As DNI Related Terms Solar radiation, Irradiance, Concentrating solar power, Global horizontal irradiance References ↑ http://www.3tier.com/en/support/glossary/#dni Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Direct_normal_irradiance&oldid=423379" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

127

File:SWERA-276.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for Southern Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Chiapas) from NREL annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for Southern Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Chiapas) from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 237 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Annual Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Southern Mexico Description Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for Southern Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Chiapas) from NREL Sources University at Albany, SUNY Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2005-09-06 Extent International Countries Mexico UN Region Central America External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=276 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

128

File:SWERA-151.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for Cuba from NREL direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for Cuba from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 1.22 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, Description Solar: monthly average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for Cuba from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Cuba UN Region Caribbean External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=151 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

129

File:SWERA-246.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 249 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Bangladesh. Description Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2005-04-12 Extent International Countries Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=246 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

130

File:SWERA-159.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) map at 40km resolution for Cuba from NREL global horizontal (GHI) map at 40km resolution for Cuba from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 1.2 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, Description Solar: monthly average global horizontal (GHI) map at 40km resolution for Cuba from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2003-12-11 Extent International Countries Cuba UN Region Caribbean External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=159 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

131

File:SWERA-277.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

annual average global horizontal (GHI) map at 40km resolution for Southern Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Chiapas) from NREL annual average global horizontal (GHI) map at 40km resolution for Southern Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Chiapas) from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 236 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Annual Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Southern Mexico. Description Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) map at 40km resolution for Southern Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Chiapas) from NREL Sources University at Albany, SUNY Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2005-09-06 Extent International Countries Mexico UN Region Central America External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=277 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

132

File:SWERA-202.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Sri Lanka from NREL global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Sri Lanka from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 863 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Sri Lanka Description Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Sri Lanka from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2004-07-01 Extent International Countries Sri Lanka UN Region Southern Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=202 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

133

Sub-Hour Solar Data for Power System Modeling From Static Spatial Variability Analysis: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

High penetration renewable integration studies need high quality solar power data with spatial-temporal correlations that are representative of a real system. This paper will summarize the research relating sequential point-source sub-hour global horizontal irradiance (GHI) values to static, spatially distributed GHI values. This research led to the development of an algorithm for generating coherent sub-hour datasets that span distances ranging from 10 km to 4,000 km. The algorithm, in brief, generates synthetic GHI values at an interval of one-minute, for a specific location, using SUNY/Clean Power Research, satellite-derived, hourly irradiance values for the nearest grid cell to that location and grid cells within 40 km.

Hummon, M.; Ibanez, E.; Brinkman, G.; Lew, D.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

File:SWERA-157.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average global horizontal (GHI) map at 40km resolution for Central America from NREL average global horizontal (GHI) map at 40km resolution for Central America from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 1.33 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, Description Solar: monthly average global horizontal (GHI) map at 40km resolution for Central America from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2003-12-11 Extent Regional Regions Central America External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=157 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

135

! "#$ %& '( )* +,-./01 2! 3$4 56 789 +,-./0 :; ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"> [?F & S°! G? +,- ./0G "yE'! 1 S°F (" l]m & ± ²2 J"³ STiA $U Viz ¡?+ ) Gw ¡? , -1 #12; ³ P ´G 8H$4°! >?$4 ! c +,- @ABC! 78$ DE 789 ÿJ1 " ./0F 56 1 GHI J"#12;E EU î V :; 1 GHI J" ! STiA $U VE 22¹ ?³ ".$S 3Z #¤ 78 +,- @ABC1 ./01 #12; ¡ª +,-1 Z Sx$U )¤ ³ 3Z STiA $U V 22 '% S°! ö? 7&$U VE p

Kim, Kwangjo

136

E-Print Network 3.0 - antonio garcia garcia Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

45 ORDEN DNI NOMBRE APELLIDO1 APELLIDO2 Diplomado UA Summary: ,25 3 4,25 22 48563427P ESTHER SANCHEZ MARTIN 1,25 3 4,25 23 74087105B ANTONIO GARCIA NAVARRO 1,24 3 4... ANGELA...

137

A NEW HIGH FREQUENCY GLOBAL-TO-DIRECT IRRADIANCE CONVERSION METHODOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Navarra (Spain) Abstract In order to accurately simulate the behavior of a solar thermal power plant will improve results of solar thermal power plants simulations. Keywords: Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI by knowing this information with accuracy, it will be possible to predict the solar thermal power plant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT IN THE DRYLANDS: SCIENTIFIC CONNECTIONS IN MONITORING AND ASSESSING DRYLAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), Potchefstroom, South Africa 13 Secretariat DesertNet International (DNI), c/o Biocentre Klein Flottbek and Innovation, Industry and Investment NSW, PO Box 100, Beecroft, NSW, Australia 3 Unit Transition Energy of synergies, conflicts, trade-offs, interconnections, feedbacks and spillover effects among multiple

Lehmann, Johannes

139

Curriculum vitae Name: SALVADOR CARRANZA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Curriculum vitae Name: SALVADOR CARRANZA Date: 12-09-2008 #12;2 Personal data Surname: Carranza Name: Salvador Sex: Male DNI: 38510283A Passport number: AD955041 Date of Birth: 20th of April 1968: +34 932309644 Fax: +34 932309555 Email: salvador.carranza@ibe.upf-csic.es Research interests Phylogeny

Carranza, Salvador

140

Gamma-Ray Burst Observations by Pioneer Venus Orbiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...observed spectra appear to be consistent with dNI dE-exp [-E(keV)/150] [where...Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 R. E. SPALDING Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87115 References and Notes 1. R. W...

W. D. EVANS; J. P. GLORE; R. W. KLEBESADEL; J. G. LAROS; E. R. TECH; R. E. SPALDING

1979-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4/23/2009 Present PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy May 27 of green technologies and alternative energy. The PA Initiative for Nanotechnology (PIN), established organizations - Drexel University's DNI, the LNN of Lehigh University, and The Nanotechnology Institute (NTI

Gilchrist, James F.

142

An alternative methodology to treat solar radiation data for the optical efficiency estimate of different types of collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An alternative methodology to calculate the yearly optical efficiency of a generic solar power collector/converter for any chosen location is here proposed. The innovation is in considering the yearly direct normal irradiation (DNI) not as a series of temporal data with hourly or minute resolution, but rather, as a map of physical positions assumed by the sun during the year in the sky vault. A MATLAB suite was developed to convert the temporal DNI information, which is usually available for a chosen location, into spatial DNI information. The suite allows creating a yearly direct solar irradiation density map as function of a generic pair of independent angular coordinates (e.g., azimuth and zenith). The yearly DNI density map can then easily be multiplied by the collector efficiency map to obtain its yearly optical efficiency. The main advantages of the proposed approach compared to conventional temporal ones are (i) reduced magnitude of computational effort, and (ii) ease in conducting collector optical optimization. The approach is tested on three casesa generic flat collector and two linear collectorsto show its generality and potentialities. The developed methodology is applied to optimize the yearly optical efficiency of a linear Fresnel collector with different orientations and mirror layouts.

Marco Binotti; Giampaolo Manzolini; Guangdong Zhu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Direct normal irradiance related definitions and applications: The circumsolar issue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The direct irradiance received on a plane normal to the sun, called direct normal irradiance (DNI), is of particular relevance to concentrated solar technologies, including concentrating solar thermal plants and concentrated photovoltaic systems. Following various standards from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the DNI definition is related to the irradiance from a small solid angle of the sky, centered on the position of the sun. Half-angle apertures of pyrheliometers measuring DNI have varied over time, up to ?10. The current recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for this half-angle is 2.5. Solar concentrating collectors have an angular acceptance function that can be significantly narrower, especially for technologies with high concentration ratios. The disagreement between the various interpretations of DNI, from the theoretical definition used in atmospheric physics and radiative transfer modeling to practical definitions corresponding to specific measurements or conversion technologies is significant, especially in the presence of cirrus clouds or large concentration of aerosols. Under such sky conditions, the circumsolar radiationi.e. the diffuse radiation coming from the vicinity of the suncontributes significantly to the DNI ground measurement, although some concentrating collectors cannot utilize the bulk of it. These issues have been identified in the EU-funded projects MACC-II (Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate-Interim Implementation) and SFERA (Solar Facilities for the European Research Area), and have been discussed within a panel of international experts in the framework of the Solar Heating and Cooling (SHC) program of the International Energy Agencys (IEAs) Task 46 Solar Resource Assessment and Forecasting. In accordance with these discussions, the terms of reference related to DNI are specified here. The important role of circumsolar radiation is evidenced, and its potential contribution is evaluated for typical atmospheric conditions. For thorough analysis of performance of concentrating solar systems, it is recommended that, in addition to the conventional DNI related to 2.5 half-angle of todays pyrheliometers, solar resource data sets also report the sunshape, the circumsolar contribution or the circumsolar ratio (CSR).

P. Blanc; B. Espinar; N. Geuder; C. Gueymard; R. Meyer; R. Pitz-Paal; B. Reinhardt; D. Renn; M. Sengupta; L. Wald; S. Wilbert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Gordon Research Conferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...prospects for gene control of proliferation...Chemistry Heterocyclic Lasers in Medicine and Compounds...L. Koenig, "LASER-Raman ionosphere...transport in the solar wind"; gram, "Morphology...interactions"; ghi, "Laser photolysis." Faust...leader): G. and control." volved in ion...

Alexander M. Cruickshank

1972-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

145

On the determination of coherent solar microclimates for utility planning and operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work presents a cluster analysis for the determination of coherent zones of Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for a utility scale territory in California, which is serviced by San Diego Gas & Electric. Knowledge of these coherent zones, or clusters, would allow utilities and power plants to realize cost savings through regional planning and operation activities such as the mitigation of solar power variability through the intelligent placement of solar farms and the optimal placement of radiometric stations. In order to determine such clusters, two years of gridded satellite data were used to describe the evolution of GHI over a portion of Southern California. Step changes of the average daily clear-sky index at each location are used to characterize the fluctuation of GHI. The k-means clustering algorithm is applied in conjunction with a stable initialization method to diminish its dependency to random initial conditions. Two validity indices are then used to define the quality of the cluster partitions as well as the appropriate number of clusters. The clustering algorithm determined an optimal number of 14 coherent spatial clusters of similar GHI variability as the most appropriate segmentation of the service territory map. In addition, 14 cluster centers are selected whose radiometric observations may serve as a proxy for the rest of the cluster. A correlation analysis, within and between the proposed clusters, based both on single-point ground-based and satellite-derived measurements evaluates positively the coherence of the conducted clustering. This method could easily be applied to any other utility scale region and is not dependent on GHI data which shows promise for the application of such clustering methods to load data and/or other renewable resources such as wind.

Athanassios Zagouras; Rich H. Inman; Carlos F.M. Coimbra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Last-Minute Energy Saving Stocking Stuffers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Last-Minute Energy Saving Stocking Stuffers Last-Minute Energy Saving Stocking Stuffers Last-Minute Energy Saving Stocking Stuffers December 23, 2013 - 12:13pm Addthis There are all sorts of small energy-efficient presents available for stuffing stockings this year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/DNY59 There are all sorts of small energy-efficient presents available for stuffing stockings this year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/DNY59 Christina Stowers Communications Specialist in the Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program How can I participate? Keep an eye out for these small, energy saving gifts as you do your last minute shopping this year. Looking for some last minute stocking stuffers to complement the holiday gifts you've purchased for your loved ones? We covered a few

147

File:SWERA-201.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pdf pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for Sri Lanka from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 864 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Sri Lanka Description Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for Sri Lanka from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2004-07-01 Extent International Countries Sri Lanka UN Region Southern Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=201 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

148

File:SWERA-asiaDIRnrel-211.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

asiaDIRnrel-211.pdf asiaDIRnrel-211.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for East Asia from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 3.1 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, Description Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for East Asia from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2006-07-01 Regions Asia, East Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=326 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

149

Further Studies on Bacteriophage T4 DNA Synthesis in Sucrose-Plasmolyzed Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was included as a control. T4 PHAGE DNA SYNTHESIS IN SITU 59 D 0 x z 0 I- 4 W 0 Q. 0 Q z H 0. a F and scrii grob carr mor usec for exp pre WI (i)1 al. con whi DS two gen typ knc of d dNI nizA me 3 , , , phenotypes is correctable in situ, indicating...

Mary E. Stafford; G. Prem Veer Reddy; Christopher K. Mathews

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Evaluating Solar Radiation Attenuation Models to Assess the Effects of Climate and Geographical Location on the Heliostat Field Efficiency in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Most of the solar power plants using a central receiver which are currently in operation are installed in the Sun Belt region, specifically above the Tropic of Cancer. These plants are located in regions characterized by a dry summers and a yearly sum of Direct Normal Irradiation (DNI) of over 2300 kWh/m2. These regions include the Mojave Desert (semi-arid climate) and Andaluca in southern Spain (Mediterranean and semi-arid climate). Potential locations for installing such plants in Brazil, identified in previous studies, are the So Francisco river basin and the Sobradinho area in the Northeast Region of the country. These locations are characterized by high humidity levels and yearly DNI values ranging from 1800 to 2300 kWh/m2, which is in clear contrast with the dry and desert climates where the solar tower projects currently in operation are located. Besides the combined effects of climate and the inter-tropicalization of the site, based on the solar angles and atmospheric attenuation, the potential locations in Brazil provide a small variation between the monthly averages DNI values. In this paper, the effects of these particularities on the performance of a heliostat field are assessed. For instance, the effects of the atmospheric water vapor and aerosol concentration on the optical performance of the heliostat field are analyzed. The results suggest that, for the same DNI level, the heliostat field in Brazil should be 4% larger due to the effect of the water vapor concentration in the atmosphere. This is an important finding, which shows that the current models for calculating the attenuation between the heliostat and the receiver need to be reviewed and compared with experimental observations and validated for the conditions prevailing at potential locations in Brazil.

JM Cardemil; AR Starke; VK Scariot; IL. Grams; S Colle

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

File:SWERA-214.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

.pdf .pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 390 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Cuba Description Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Sources University at Albany, SUNY Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2004-10-07 Extent International Countries Cuba UN Region Caribbean External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=214 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

152

File:SWERA-212.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

.pdf .pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central America from SUNY Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 665 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Central America Description Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central America from SUNY Sources University at Albany, SUNY Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2004-10-07 Extent Regional Regions Central America External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=212 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

153

Greenbelt Homes Pilot Energy Efficiency Program Phase 1 Summary: Existing Conditions and Baseline Energy Use  

SciTech Connect

A multi-year pilot energy efficiency retrofit project has been undertaken by Greenbelt Homes, Inc, (GHI) a 1,566 co-operative of circa 1930 and '40 homes. The three predominate construction methods of the townhomes in the community are materials common to the area and climate zone including 8" CMU block, wood frame with brick veneer and wood frame with vinyl siding. GHI has established a pilot project that will serve as a basis for decision making for the roll out of a decade-long community upgrade program that will incorporate energy efficiency to the building envelope and equipment with the modernization of other systems like plumbing, mechanical equipment, and cladding.

Wiehagen, J.; Del Bianco, M.; Wood, A.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

File:SWERA-252.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 243 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Nepal. Description Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2005-04-12 Extent International Countries Nepal UN Region Southern Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=252 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:28, 29 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:28, 29 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (243 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

155

File:SWERA-211.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central America from SUNY direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central America from SUNY Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 672 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Central America Description Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central America from SUNY Sources University at Albany, SUNY Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2004-10-07 Extent Regional Regions Central America External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=211 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:25, 29 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:25, 29 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (672 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

156

File:SWERA-213.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 391 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Cuba Description Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Sources University at Albany, SUNY Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2004-10-07 Extent International Countries Cuba UN Region Caribbean External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=213 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:26, 29 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:26, 29 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (391 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

157

Potential of Concentrating Solar Power in Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, results of an analysis to assess the potential of concentrating solar thermal power applications in Canada are presented. First, a direct normal solar resource (DNI) resource map for Canada is introduced. This map indicates the locations where the DNI is the highest in Canada and is derived from the most recent Perez's SUNY satellite-based solar resource model Version number 3. Second, the methodology and results of a GIS analysis to identify the locations of the most suitable lands for concentrating solar thermal power (CSP) applications in Canada are discussed. The total areas of the CSP-suitable lands are presented in a tabulated and a map formats for each of the Canadian provinces where there is a maximum DNI solar resource. Third and finally, results of a technical economical analysis for two CSP system designs are discussed. The two CSP systems considered include parabolic trough with synthetic oil heat transfer fluid with and without storage, molten salt power tower with and without storage.

R. Djebbar; D. Belanger; D. Boutin; E. Weterings; M. Poirier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8) 8) June 2010 State Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates 1970 Through 2008 2008 Price and Expenditure Summary Tables Table S1a. Energy Price Estimates by Source, 2008 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Electric Power Sector g,h Retail Electricity Total Energy g,i Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and

159

NE Pacific St. NE Pacific St.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lake W ashington Ship Canal NE Pacific St. NE Pacific St. NE Boat St. 15th Ave NE 15thAveNE UniversityWayNE BrooklynAveNE NE Pacific St. MontlakeBlvdNE MontlakeBlvdNE Pacific Place NE University Burke-Gilman Trail METRO NW A CD D EF F GHI H J RR BB CC EE AA Rotunda Cafe Ocean Sciences Hitchcock

160

File:SWERA-247.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 250 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Bangladesh. Description Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2005-04-12 Extent International Countries Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=247 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:27, 29 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:27, 29 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (250 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Validation of the NSRDB-SUNY global horizontal irradiance in California  

SciTech Connect

Satellite derived global horizontal solar irradiance (GHI) from the SUNY modeled dataset in the National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB) was compared to measurements from 27 weather stations in California during the years 1998-2005. The statistics of spatial and temporal differences between the two datasets were analyzed and related to meteorological phenomena. Overall mean bias errors (MBE) of the NSRDB-SUNY indicated a GHI overprediction of 5%, which is smaller than the sensor accuracy of ground stations. However, at coastal sites, year-round systematic positive MBEs in the NSRDB-SUNY data up to 18% were observed and monthly MBEs increased up to 54% in the summer months during the morning. These differences were explained by a tendency for the NSRDB-SUNY model to overestimate GHI under cloudy conditions at the coast during summer mornings. A persistent positive evening MBE which was independent of site location and cloudiness occurred at all stations and was explained by an error in the time-shifting method applied in the NSRDB-SUNY. A correction method was derived for these two errors to improve the accuracy of the NSRDB-SUNY data in California. (author)

Nottrott, Anders; Kleissl, Jan [Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, San Diego (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

File:SWERA-253.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 242 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Nepal. Description Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2005-04-12 Extent International Countries Nepal UN Region Southern Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=253 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:28, 29 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:28, 29 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (242 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

163

New Models Help Optimize Development of Bakken Shale Resources | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Models Help Optimize Development of Bakken Shale Resources Models Help Optimize Development of Bakken Shale Resources New Models Help Optimize Development of Bakken Shale Resources February 7, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Exploration and field development in the largest continuous oil play in the lower 48 states, located in North Dakota and eastern Montana, will be guided by new geo-models developed with funding from the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). The three-year project to develop exploration and reservoir models for the Bakken Shale resource play was conducted by the Colorado School of Mines (CSM), through research funded by FE's Oil and Natural Gas Program. A "play" is a shale formation containing significant accumulations of natural gas or oil. The U.S. Geological Survey estimates the Bakken Shale

164

New Models Help Optimize Development of Bakken Shale Resources | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Models Help Optimize Development of Bakken Shale Resources New Models Help Optimize Development of Bakken Shale Resources New Models Help Optimize Development of Bakken Shale Resources February 7, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Exploration and field development in the largest continuous oil play in the lower 48 states, located in North Dakota and eastern Montana, will be guided by new geo-models developed with funding from the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). The three-year project to develop exploration and reservoir models for the Bakken Shale resource play was conducted by the Colorado School of Mines (CSM), through research funded by FE's Oil and Natural Gas Program. A "play" is a shale formation containing significant accumulations of natural gas or oil. The U.S. Geological Survey estimates the Bakken Shale

165

Current Status of Concentrator Photovoltaic (CPV) Technology  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the current status of the market and technology for concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) cells and modules. Significant progress in CPV has been achieved, including record efficiencies for modules (36.7%) and cells (46%), as well as growth of large field installations in recent years. CPV technology may also have the potential to be cost-competitive on a levelized cost of energy (LCOE) basis in regions of high direct normal irradiance (DNI). The study includes an overview of all installations larger than 1 MW, information on companies currently active in the CPV field, efficiency data, and estimates of the LCOE in different scenarios.

Philipps, S. P.; Bett, A. W.; Horowitz, K.; Kurtz, S.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Comparison of numerical weather prediction solar irradiance forecasts in the US, Canada and Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article combines and discusses three independent validations of global horizontal irradiance (GHI) multi-day forecast models that were conducted in the US, Canada and Europe. All forecast models are based directly or indirectly on numerical weather prediction (NWP). Two models are common to the three validation efforts the ECMWF global model and the GFS-driven WRF mesoscale model and allow general observations: (1) the GFS-based WRF- model forecasts do not perform as well as global forecast-based approaches such as ECMWF and (2) the simple averaging of models output tends to perform better than individual models.

Richard Perez; Elke Lorenz; Sophie Pelland; Mark Beauharnois; Glenn Van Knowe; Karl Hemker Jr.; Detlev Heinemann; Jan Remund; Stefan C. Mller; Wolfgang Traunmller; Gerald Steinmauer; David Pozo; Jose A. Ruiz-Arias; Vicente Lara-Fanego; Lourdes Ramirez-Santigosa; Martin Gaston-Romero; Luis M. Pomares

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Multiple symbol decoding of differential space-time codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 A 4 ( 1 p2 e|2 kM ; k = 0;1; ;M 1 ) : a2i+1 = a2i: (2.1) De ne the following matrices: A0 4 2 66 4 a0 a1 a 1 a 0 3 77 5 ; Ai 4 2 66 4 a2i a2i+1 a 2i+1 a 2i 3 77 5 ; for i 1; (2.2) Gi 4 AiAH0 : (2.3) 5 It is easy to see that Ai and Gi... are both orthogonal matrices, i.e., AiAHi = AHi Ai = GiGHi = GHi Gi = I2. Hence, given Gi, Ai can be obtained by Ai = GiA0: (2.4) Also, Gi is always an element of a nite set G. Gi 2 G 4 8> >>: 2 66 4 g 0 0 g 3 77 5 ; 2 66 4 0 g g 0 3 77 5 9...

Singhal, Rohit

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

168

Global horizontal irradiance clear sky models : implementation and analysis.  

SciTech Connect

Clear sky models estimate the terrestrial solar radiation under a cloudless sky as a function of the solar elevation angle, site altitude, aerosol concentration, water vapor, and various atmospheric conditions. This report provides an overview of a number of global horizontal irradiance (GHI) clear sky models from very simple to complex. Validation of clear-sky models requires comparison of model results to measured irradiance during clear-sky periods. To facilitate validation, we present a new algorithm for automatically identifying clear-sky periods in a time series of GHI measurements. We evaluate the performance of selected clear-sky models using measured data from 30 different sites, totaling about 300 site-years of data. We analyze the variation of these errors across time and location. In terms of error averaged over all locations and times, we found that complex models that correctly account for all the atmospheric parameters are slightly more accurate than other models, but, primarily at low elevations, comparable accuracy can be obtained from some simpler models. However, simpler models often exhibit errors that vary with time of day and season, whereas the errors for complex models vary less over time.

Stein, Joshua S.; Hansen, Clifford W.; Reno, Matthew J.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wiki Page Wiki Page Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment A United Nations Environment Programme facilitated effort. Getting Started Data Sets Analysis Tools About SWERA Loading.. Country Name Analyze Layer Data in OpenCarto View Country Profile in OpenEI Latitude Longitude Homer XML Get HOMER Data What am I seeing? This visualization shows international solar DNI, wind and climate resources. Click on one of the layer buttons below to view the resource layer. For more detailed information on each country, select the country by clicking it on the map below and then select 'View in OpenCarto' or 'View Country Page in OpenEI' to explore more data for that country. For HOMER, select a point to populate the latitude/longitude or provide your own, then press the button to send this information to HOMER.

170

direct normal | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal normal Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below

171

WASH-  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

rcc.p,anc. 01 thts arf~cle. tha rcc.p,anc. 01 thts arf~cle. tha yubl~rhe, "r ~u~~iunl riknouu~adqnS the U.S. C;ov.rnmmnf' s rayhr (0 retam l nOn*aClulive.roy~ltV (r-0 ltconso In ma IO Dny Copvrlqhl WASH- covrrm~ the wtvdo. ISADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE SEAWAY INDUSTRIAL PARK W . D. Cottrell, R. W . Leggett and H. W . Dickson Health Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 December 1976 CONTENTS l&t of Tab1 es - . . . List of Illustrations . . Abstract . . . . . . Introduction . . . . ............ ............ ............ ............ Radiological Survey Techniques . . . . . . 1 . . Measurement of External Gamma and Beta-Gamma Radiation Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . Measurement of Radium in the Soil . . . . . . Measurement of Radioactivity in Surface Water

172

PowerPoint Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Association Association S.2900 Reducing the Electric Power Carbon Footprint October 20, 2010 Richard S. Tuthill, Chair Board of Directors Gas Turbine Association 2 * Alstom Power * Florida Turbine Technologies * General Electric * Rolls Royce * Siemens Energy * Solar Turbines * Strategic Power Systems * United Technologies * Vibro Meter Gas Turbine Association 3 S.2900 * Introduced By Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) * Prime Objective is to Fund Ground Power Gas Turbine Technologies - Raise Natural Gas Fired Gas Turbine Efficiencies ○ Phase One - Combined Cycle > 62%, Simple Cycle > 47% ○ Phase Two - Combined Cycle > 65%, Simple Cycle > 50% - Authorizes $340M Over Four Years ($85M per Year) - Combined Cycle, Simple Cycle, CHP, All Engine Sizes * Similar Bill Has Passed the US House (Under Suspension of Rules)

173

atmospheric water vapor | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

atmospheric water vapor atmospheric water vapor Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords atmospheric water vapor Carribean Islands Central America DNI GIS Mexico NREL GEF solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 247.8 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 370.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

174

Potential of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) in Zimbabwe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study seeks to assess the potential of utilizing Concentrated Solar Power for electricity generation in Zimbabwe. Data from 26 meteorological stations which are widely distributed around the country was used to map the distribution of solar radiation. Geographic information systems were employed to locate sites with potential for installing concentrating solar power plants. Areas with good potential were identified by using the following assessment factors: direct normal irradiance (DNI), proximity to transmission lines and water bodies, flatness of the area and the vulnerability of vegetation and wild life. After considering all the assessment factors, a total area of 250000km2 was found to be suitable. If only 10% of the suitable land area is used and the technology with the least efficiency (810%) is adopted, about 71.4GW can be generated. The projected power generation is about thirty times the current power demand of the country.

S. Ziuku; L. Seyitini; B. Mapurisa; D. Chikodzi; Koen van Kuijk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

NREL GEF | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEF GEF Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords atmospheric water vapor Carribean Islands Central America DNI GIS Mexico NREL GEF solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 247.8 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 370.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

176

City of Medicine Hat Concentrating Solar Thermal Demonstration Project, Alberta, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Following a 2007 conceptual feasibility study on a demonstration project to use renewable energy to supplement the production of electricity in their municipal utility, the city council of Medicine Hat approved and identified funding sources to design and construct a commercially Integrated Solar Combined Cycle demonstration with a capacity of 1 MWe. The demonstration project was undertaken as a step to reduce green house gas emissions, explore the viability of concentrating solar thermal technology under local conditions, and introduce concentrated solar power electricity generation in Alberta, which enjoys the highest solar resource of direct normal irradiance (DNI) in the country. The 203 \\{MWe\\} municipal power plant consists of four combustion turbine (CT)/heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) units feeding superheated steam to two steam turbines. The project is located at a latitude of 50 N. Based on recent satellite evaluations of the DNI resource in Canada, a Typical Meteorological Year was established for project design. The solar field consists of eight SkyTrough (SkyFuel, Arvada, CO) collector assemblies located approximately 400m south of the power plant at a slightly lower elevation. Hot HTF exiting from the solar field is piped down to the power plant, where a solar steam generator (SSG) produces saturated steam for injection into the superheater section of the HRSG of a single CT unit. Permitting, preliminary and detailed design, and procurement tasks are complete. The short construction period started in April 2013 to be completed early Fall 2013 or Spring 2014, followed by commissioning, solar field acceptance testing, and initial operation.

K. MacKenzie; R. Bowers; D. Wacker; R. Drever; A. Jyoti; D. Kearney

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

map | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

map map Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for photovoltaic power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Cuba GEF GHI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Maps (pdf, 1.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Attribution License Comment Please cite NREL and UNEP SWERA.

178

File:NREL-afg-10km-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

glo.pdf glo.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Afghanistan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 469 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Afghanistan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Description Afghanistan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-GHI, Solar-10km Creation Date 2007-06-01 Extent International Countries Afghanistan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:30, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:30, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (469 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

179

File:NREL-asia-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

asia-glo.pdf asia-glo.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Selected Asian Countries - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 3.03 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Selected Asian Countries - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Description Selected Asian Countries - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-GHI, Solar-40km Creation Date 2006-07-13 Extent International Countries Bhutan, China, Nepal, Mongolia, India, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

180

Carribean Islands | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carribean Islands Carribean Islands Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. Source NREL Date Released January 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Carribean Islands Central America GEF GHI GIS Mexico NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 370.6 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 244 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dni geomodel ghi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

GEF | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEF GEF Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. Source NREL Date Released April 12th, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China GEF GHI GIS NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 629.4 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 779.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 01/01/1985 - 12/31/1991 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

182

Energy Challenge Three: The Greenbelt Green Neighborhood Challenge |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Challenge Three: The Greenbelt Green Neighborhood Challenge Energy Challenge Three: The Greenbelt Green Neighborhood Challenge Energy Challenge Three: The Greenbelt Green Neighborhood Challenge June 21, 2010 - 5:52pm Addthis John Lippert Lore Rosenthal, a principal leader behind the Greenbelt Climate Action Network, attended a meeting in Greenbelt, Maryland, on an energy purchasing cooperative more than a year ago. Also attending the meeting was Lore's neighbor, Sylvia Lewis, on the board of both the Greenbelt Community Foundation (GCF) and Greenbelt Homes, Inc. (GHI). The energy purchasing co-op spokesperson was offering electricity at a lower rate than that offered by PEPCO, our local utility. Lore longed for a similar arrangement-a bulk electricity purchase but with wind energy. She spoke to Sylvia, who thought it was a good idea. Lore

183

global horizontal irradiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

horizontal irradiance horizontal irradiance Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global Horizontal IrradianceNASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005) Parameter: Insolation Incident On A Horizontal Surface (kWh/m^2/day) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Note 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance NASA solar

184

China | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China China Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. Source NREL Date Released April 12th, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China GEF GHI GIS NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 629.4 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 779.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 01/01/1985 - 12/31/1991 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

185

File:NREL-brazil-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

glo.pdf glo.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Brazil - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 2.02 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Brazil - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Description Brazil - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-GHI, Solar-10km Creation Date 2006-07-14 Extent International Countries Brazil UN Region South America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:52, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:52, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (2.02 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

186

Energy Challenge Three: The Greenbelt Green Neighborhood Challenge |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Three: The Greenbelt Green Neighborhood Challenge Three: The Greenbelt Green Neighborhood Challenge Energy Challenge Three: The Greenbelt Green Neighborhood Challenge June 21, 2010 - 5:52pm Addthis John Lippert Lore Rosenthal, a principal leader behind the Greenbelt Climate Action Network, attended a meeting in Greenbelt, Maryland, on an energy purchasing cooperative more than a year ago. Also attending the meeting was Lore's neighbor, Sylvia Lewis, on the board of both the Greenbelt Community Foundation (GCF) and Greenbelt Homes, Inc. (GHI). The energy purchasing co-op spokesperson was offering electricity at a lower rate than that offered by PEPCO, our local utility. Lore longed for a similar arrangement-a bulk electricity purchase but with wind energy. She spoke to Sylvia, who thought it was a good idea. Lore

187

Improving Geologic and Engineering Models of Midcontinent Fracture and Karst-Modified Reservoirs Using New 3-D Seismic Attributes  

SciTech Connect

Our project goal was to develop innovative seismic-based workflows for the incremental recovery of oil from karst-modified reservoirs within the onshore continental United States. Specific project objectives were: (1) to calibrate new multi-trace seismic attributes (volumetric curvature, in particular) for improved imaging of karst-modified reservoirs, (2) to develop attribute-based, cost-effective workflows to better characterize karst-modified carbonate reservoirs and fracture systems, and (3) to improve accuracy and predictiveness of resulting geomodels and reservoir simulations. In order to develop our workflows and validate our techniques, we conducted integrated studies of five karst-modified reservoirs in west Texas, Colorado, and Kansas. Our studies show that 3-D seismic volumetric curvature attributes have the ability to re-veal previously unknown features or provide enhanced visibility of karst and fracture features compared with other seismic analysis methods. Using these attributes, we recognize collapse features, solution-enlarged fractures, and geomorphologies that appear to be related to mature, cockpit landscapes. In four of our reservoir studies, volumetric curvature attributes appear to delineate reservoir compartment boundaries that impact production. The presence of these compartment boundaries was corroborated by reservoir simulations in two of the study areas. Based on our study results, we conclude that volumetric curvature attributes are valuable tools for mapping compartment boundaries in fracture- and karst-modified reservoirs, and we propose a best practices workflow for incorporating these attributes into reservoir characterization. When properly calibrated with geological and production data, these attributes can be used to predict the locations and sizes of undrained reservoir compartments. Technology transfer of our project work has been accomplished through presentations at professional society meetings, peer-reviewed publications, Kansas Geological Survey Open-file reports, Master's theses, and postings on the project website: http://www.kgs.ku.edu/SEISKARST.

Susan Nissen; Saibal Bhattacharya; W. Lynn Watney; John Doveton

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

188

Photovoltaic concentrator module improvements study  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results of a project to design and fabricate an improved photovoltaic concentrator module. Using previous work as a baseline, this study conducted analyses and testing to select major module components and design features. The lens parquet and concentrator solar cell were selected from the highest performing, available components. A single 185X point-focus module was fabricated by the project team and tested at Sandia. Major module characteristics include a 6 by 4 compression-molded acrylic lens parquet (0.737 m{sup 2} area), twenty-four 0.2 ohms-cm, FZ, p-Si solar cells (1.56 cm{sup 2} area) soldered to ceramic substrates and copper heat spreaders, and an aluminized steel housing with corrugated bottom. This project marked the first attempt to use prismatic covers on solar cells in a high-concentration, point-focus application. Cells with 15 percent metallization were obtained, but problems with the fabrication and placement of prismatic covers on these cells lead to the decision not to use covers in the prototype module. Cell assembly fabrication, module fabrication, and module optical design activities are presented here. Test results are also presented for bare cells, cell assemblies, and module. At operating conditions of 981 watts/m{sup 2} DNI and an estimated cell temperature of 65{degrees}C, the module demonstrated an efficiency of 13.9 percent prior to stressed environmental exposure. 12 refs., 56 figs., 7 tabs.

Levy, S.L.; Kerschen, K.A. (Black and Veatch, Kansas City, MO (United States)); Hutchison, G. (Solar Kinetics, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)); Nowlan, M.J. (Spire Corp., Bedford, MA (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Solar Resource Assessment for Sri Lanka and Maldives  

SciTech Connect

The countries of Sri Lanka and the Maldives lie within the equatorial belt, a region where substantial solar energy resources exist throughout much of the year in adequate quantities for many applications, including solar water heating, solar electricity, and desalination. The extent of solar resources in Sri Lanka has been estimated in the past based on a study of the daily total direct sunshine hours recorded at a number of weather and agricultural stations throughout the country. These data have been applied to the well-known Angstrom relationship in order to obtain an estimate of the distribution of monthly average daily total solar resources at these stations. This study is an effort in improve on these estimates in two ways: (1) to apply a gridded cloud cover database at a 40-km resolution to produce updated monthly average daily total estimates of all solar resources (global horizontal, DNI, and diffuse) for the country, and (2) to input hourly or three-hourly cloud cover observations made at nine weather stations in Sri Lanka and two in the Maldives into a solar model that produces estimates of hourly solar radiation values of the direct normal, global, and diffuse resource covering the length of the observational period. Details and results of these studies are summarized in this report.

Renne, D.; George, R.; Marion, B.; Heimiller, D.; Gueymard, C.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Relationships between soils and vegetation on four range plant communities on the Welder Wildlife Refuge in South Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dissertation By THADIS W f BOX LBBWDVGF UC MD CMXiG UsF eDsMGsM rXt EGUsDa AGBUWMoGsM LnunCM bmdm LhclHOfgAxgpglRI RqYC BUBGW 1UC oUFG BDCCYriG MqWDnuq MqG qGiB Da oUsX BGDBiG UsF YM 1DniF rG YoBDCCYriG MD YssnoGWUMG Uii MqDCG 1qD eDsMWYrnMGF MD YMC BWGB...FGWCMUsFYsu5 UsF sGVGW GsFYsu GseDnWUuGoGsM MqWDnuqDnM MqG CMnFX UsF aDW qGW qGiB Ys MqG BWGBUWUMYDs Da MqG oUsnCeWYBMN RLSfg H) hHlRglRI H S w g h R T : g I NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN NNNN 3 (g:TgO H) f...

Box, Thadis W.

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1) 1) June 2013 State Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates 1970 Through 2011 2011 Price and Expenditure Summary Tables Table E1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Electric Power Sector g,h Retail Electricity Total Energy g,i Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f Alabama 3.09 5.66 26.37 22.77 25.54 27.12 13.18 19.42 25.90 0.61 3.01 8.75 2.56 27.08 19.85 Alaska 3.64 6.70 29.33 23.12 29.76 31.60 20.07 34.62 26.61 - 14.42 20.85 6.36 47.13 25.17 Arizona 1.99 7.07 27.73 22.84 31.95 26.97 17.00 17.23 26.71 0.75 6.31 10.79 2.16 28.46 25.23 Arkansas 1.93 6.94 26.37 22.45 26.66 27.35 17.35 33.22

192

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9) 9) June 2011 State Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates 1970 Through 2009 2009 Price and Expenditure Summary Tables Table E1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price Estimates, 2009 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Electric Power Sector g,h Retail Electricity Total Energy g,i Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f Alabama 2.81 6.63 16.38 12.88 21.25 17.63 9.62 13.88 16.73 0.55 2.82 6.88 2.24 26.23 16.18 Alaska 2.81 6.39 20.85 13.24 26.28 22.73 10.74 24.01 17.57 - 9.57 14.30 4.26 44.29 18.23 Arizona 1.83 6.38 16.14 12.50 27.59 18.28 - 11.60 17.18 0.59 7.83 7.67 2.04 28.01 19.66 Arkansas 1.73 7.82 16.07 12.42 20.51 17.40 6.65 21.59 17.08 0.66

193

Determination of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in seafood by liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection  

SciTech Connect

Modification of a previously published method for determination of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) produces very clean seafood extracts in less than half the time. After alkaline digestion of the seafood, PAHs were partitioned into 1,2,3-trichlorotrifluoroethane. The resulting extract was cleaned up by solid-phase extraction on alumina, silica, and C{sub 18} adsorbents and then analyzed by gradient reversed-phase liquid chromatography with programmable fluorescence detection. Average recoveries of 12 PAHs [acenaphthene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, benz(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)-fluoranthene, benzo(k)-fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenz(a,h)anthracene, benzo(ghi)perylene, and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene] from 5 different matrixes (mussels, oysters, clams, crabmeat, and salmon)spiked at low parts-per-billion levels ranged from 76 to 94%. Estimated limits of quantitation ranged from 0.01 to 0.6 ppb PAHs in extracts that were free of matrix interferences. Results of analyses of a mussels standard reference material obtained from the National Institute of Standards and Technology were in good agreement with the certified values. 16 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

Perfetti, G.A.; Nyman, P.J.; Fisher, S.; Joe, F.L. Jr.; Diachenko, G.W. [Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

All Price Tables.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price Estimates, 2011 . Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price Estimates, 2011 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Electric Power Sector g,h Retail Electricity Total Energy g,i Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f Alabama 3.09 5.66 26.37 22.77 25.54 27.12 13.18 19.42 25.90 0.61 3.01 8.75 2.56 27.08 19.85 Alaska 3.64 6.70 29.33 23.12 29.76 31.60 20.07 34.62 26.61 - 14.42 20.85 6.36 47.13 25.17 Arizona 1.99 7.07 27.73 22.84 31.95 26.97 17.00 17.23 26.71 0.75 6.31 10.79 2.16 28.46 25.23 Arkansas 1.93 6.94 26.37 22.45 26.66 27.35 17.35 33.22 27.02 0.64 3.31 10.54 2.13 22.02 19.63 California 3.13 7.08 27.34 22.51 31.21 30.02 20.92 21.45 27.51 0.71 4.88 17.99 3.32 38.35 24.14 Colorado 1.73 6.79 26.86 22.41 26.35

195

Brayton-Cycle Baseload Power Tower CSP System  

SciTech Connect

The primary objectives of Phase 2 of this Project were: 1. Engineer, fabricate, and conduct preliminary testing on a low-pressure, air-heating solar receiver capable of powering a microturbine system to produce 300kWe while the sun is shining while simultaneously storing enough energy thermally to power the system for up to 13 hours thereafter. 2. Cycle-test a high-temperature super alloy, Haynes HR214, to determine its efficacy for the systems high-temperature heat exchanger. 3. Engineer the thermal energy storage system This Phase 2 followed Wilsons Phase 1, which primarily was an engineering feasibility study to determine a practical and innovative approach to a full Brayton-cycle system configuration that could meet DOEs targets. Below is a summary table of the DOE targets with Wilsons Phase 1 Project results. The results showed that a Brayton system with an innovative (low pressure) solar receiver with ~13 hours of dry (i.e., not phase change materials or molten salts but rather firebrick, stone, or ceramics) has the potential to meet or exceed DOE targets. Such systems would consist of pre-engineered, standardized, factory-produced modules to minimize on-site costs while driving down costs through mass production. System sizes most carefully analyzed were in the range of 300 kWe to 2 MWe. Such systems would also use off-the-shelf towers, blowers, piping, microturbine packages, and heliostats. Per DOEs instructions, LCOEs are based on the elevation and DNI levels of Daggett, CA, for a 100 MWe power plant following 2 GWe of factory production of the various system components. Success criteria DOE targets Wilson system LCOE DOEs gas price $6.75/MBtu 9 cents/kWh 7.7 cents/kWh LCOE Current gas price $4.71/MBtu NA 6.9 cents/kWh Capacity factor 75% (6500hr) 75-100% Solar fraction 85% (5585hr) >5585hr Receiver cost $170/kWe $50/kWe Thermal storage cost $20/kWhth $13/kWhth Heliostat cost $120/m2 $89.8/m2

Anderson, Bruce

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States Year Primary Energy Electric Power Sector h,j Retail Electricity Total Energy g,h,i Coal Coal Coke Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i,j Coking Coal Steam Coal Total Exports Imports Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f,g Prices in Dollars per Million Btu 1970 0.45 0.36 0.38 1.27 0.93 0.59 1.16 0.73 1.43 2.85 0.42 1.38 1.71 0.18 1.29 1.08 0.32 4.98 1.65 1975 1.65 0.90 1.03 2.37 3.47 1.18 2.60 2.05 2.96 4.65 1.93 2.94 3.35 0.24 1.50 2.19 0.97 8.61 3.33 1980 2.10 1.38 1.46 2.54 3.19 2.86 6.70 6.36 5.64 9.84 3.88 7.04 7.40 0.43 2.26 4.57 1.77 13.95 6.89 1985 2.03 1.67 1.69 2.76 2.99 4.61 7.22 5.91 6.63 9.01 4.30 R 7.62 R 7.64 0.71 2.47 4.93 1.91 19.05

197

Exergoeconomic analysis of high concentration photovoltaic thermal co-generation system for space cooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper provides an exergetic analysis of a 10MW high concentration photovoltaic thermal (HCPVT) power plant case study located in Hammam Bou Hadjar, Algeria. The novel HCPVT multi-energy carrier plant converts 25% of the direct normal irradiance (DNI) into electrical energy and 62.5% to low grade heat for a combined efficiency of 87.5%. The HCPVT system employs a point focus dish concentrator with a cooled PV receiver module. The novel hot-water cooling approach is used for energy reuse purposes and is enabled by our state-of-the-art substrate integrated micro-cooling technology. The high performance cooler of the receiver with a thermal resistance of <0.12cm2K/W enables the receiver module to handle concentrations of up to 5000suns. In the present study, a concentration of 2000suns allows using coolant fluid temperatures of up to 80C. This key innovation ensures reliable operation of the triple junction PV (3JPV) cells used and also allows heat recovery for utilization in other thermal applications such as space cooling, heating, and desalination. Within this context, an exergoeconomics analysis of photovoltaic thermal co-generation for space cooling is presented in this manuscript. The valuation method presented here for the HCPVT multi-energy carrier plant comprises both the technical and economic perspectives. The proposed model determines how the cost structure is evolving in four different scenarios by quantifying the potential thermal energy demand in Hammam Bou Hadjar. The model pins down the influence of technical details such as the exergetic efficiency to the economic value of the otherwise wasted heat. The thermal energy reuse boosts the power station?s overall yield, reduces total average costs and optimizes power supply as fixed capital is deployed more efficiently. It is observed that even though potential cooling demand can be substantial (19,490MWh per household), prices for cooling should be 3 times lower than those of electricity in Algeria (18USD/MWh) to be competitive. This implies a need to reach economies of scale in the production of individual key components of the HCPVT system. The net present value (NPV) is calculated taking growth rates and the system?s modular efficiencies into account, discounted over 25 years. Scenario 1 shows that even though Algeria currently has no market for thermal energy, a break-even quantity (49,728MWh) can be deduced by taking into account the relation between fixed costs and the marginal profit. Scenario 2 focuses on the national growth rate needed to break even, i.e. +10.92%. Scenario 3 illustrates thermal price variations given an increase in the Coefficient of Performance (COP) of a thermally driven adsorption chiller after year 10. In this case, the price for cooling will decrease from 18USD/MWh to 14USD/MWh. Finally, scenario 4 depicts Hammam Bou Hadjar?s potential cooling demand per household and the growth rate needed to break even if a market for heat would exist.

Veronica Garcia-Heller; Stephan Paredes; Chin Lee Ong; Patrick Ruch; Bruno Michel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z